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/IF 
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K HATS PrBJJC HOIIIJK, ,\SJ> O 



/ i3 ^ 



THE 



GENTLEMAN S MAGAZINE 



AND 



HISTORICAL. CHRONICLE 



From JULY to DECEMBER, 1823. 



VOLUME xcin. 



(BEING THR SIXTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.) 



PART THE SECOND. 




PRODESSE & DELECTARE. SWStSB'^M!^S\ E PLimiBUS UNUM. 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



Eondon: 

PRINTED BY JOHN NICHOLS AND SON, 25, PARLIAMEWT-STREET ; 
WHBRB LBTTER8 ARE PARTICULARLY REQUESTED TO BE SENT, POST-PAID J 

AND SOLD BY JOHN HARRIS AND SON (SUCCESSORS TO MRS. NEWBERy), 

AT THE CORNER OP ST. PAUL's CHURCH YARD) L'UDGATE STREET ; 

AND BY PERTHES AND BESSER, HAMBURGH. 

1823. 



TO SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 

ON COMPLETING HIS NINETY -THIRD VOLUME. 



THE lark ascending to the azure skies. 
With dulcet notes, the ravishM ear supplies; 
And Urban's pages numerous sweets oispense. 
That charm « the soul and captivate the sense. 
Yes, fam'd Sylvanus ! far you stretch your flight 
O'er Western climes to Eastern regions bright; 
There all that's antient, curious, learn'd, or gay. 
In Letters, Arts, or Science, you display: 
You state what Fleets commercial make the shores. 
Their golden treasures, and their costly stores: 
Proclaim what blood-stain'd banners are unfurl'd, . 
And every great event that wakes the world. 

Whilom, Iberians youth, Ihro' orange groves 
And blooming maidens woo'd their tender loves;. 
Beneath the nazel shade, the shepherd swains 
Tended their ileecy care on verdant plains. 
What sad reverse! how chang'd this charming scene! 
The liquid red of slaughter stains the green « 
As Gallia's Duke leads on his hostile train. 
Bent to destroy the liberties of Spain, 

The turban'd hosts their gleaming snabres wield — 
And Greece, by Freedom rous'd, disdains to yield. 
The cry is Liberty — it spreads around, — 
Their Valour strikes the Crescent to the ground. 
Heroes like these what Sultan dares to sway ? 
Like Xerxes* hosts his power shall melt away* 

The Muse departs from such ensan^in^d nghts 
To Indians soil, and views more pleasmg sights: 
She sees the happy and protected swains 
Ei^joy the pleasures of their native plains ; 
And to their cultor'd fields and homes retire. 
Tasting the sweets of Freedofns holy fire. 
Say whence these sacred rights— sajy "whence the cause ! — 
/ The migh^ soul of Hastings fram d their laws. 
He bade the horrid din of battle cease. 
And gave the nations property and peace. 
Ages, to come shall hail his honour'd name. 
And grave his deeds on brightest rolls of fame. 

But hark! the ear is struck by Jo^'s slad note. 
What pleasing tidings thro' the.Mrdkin float? 
See ! on the bosom of Old Tkames^s wave ! 
His streams again the Arctic vesseh lave. 
Safe is bold Parry, safe his hardy train. 
From the dread perijs of the Icy main. 
What tho' his great and enterprising soul ! 
Found not the l^orth-west Passage to the Pole, 
Yet shall bis toils Britanm^s meed await, 
And honours just receive from Greorge's Regal State. 

William Rawlihs. 
Tcversal Rectory, Dec 31, 1823. 



EFACE. 



WE are now rapidly approaching the Centenary of our existence* 
This Volume terminates our Ninety-third Year ; and in each suc- 
ceeding Address we have had the satisfaction of congratulating our- 
selves on the liberal support we continually experienced. Through 
every change of public taste and public opinion, the interests of the 
Gentleman's Magazine have remamed firm and unshaken. Powerful 
rivals, stimulated by our success, have arisen at various intervals. 
Some of them, by great exertions, have struggled through a few 'years, 
and at length quietly departed this life. Others have entered the 
arena of Literature, with all the ef&ontery of aspiring coxcombs, and, 
after abusing and vilifying all contemporaries and existing institutions 
for a few months, have suddenly given up the ghost. One of them 
was even so unceremonious as to usurp our name; although with 
principles diametrically opposed ; but this ungentlemanly assumption 
of our coaU as the Heralds would say, received the contempt and neg- 
lect it merited. • 

What has so long conduced to our prosperity, through the ever- 
varying tide of public opinion, may be an object of literary specula- 
tion. Journals, like nations, have their rise, their zenith, and their 
fall ; and their existence is frequently protracted or 'curtailed by 
peculiar circumstances, over which individual talents or exertions 
may have little control. On examination, it will be found that pe- 
riodical Works, the most violent in party spirit or calumnious vitu- 
peration, have the soonest fallen into disrepute; and although they 
might flourish for a season, their existence ceased, when the breath 
which fanned them into being was withdrawn. Their conductors have 
only consulted the ephemerad passions of the multitude ; and, as the 
popular effervescence has subsided, their "froth and fury" has sunk 
into merited contempt. On the contrary, those Miscellanies, or Jour- 
nals, which have promoted the more substantial interests of Literature, 
retain a permanent value ; and being supported by the most respect- 
able portion of the community, are not subject to continual fluctua- 
tion or decay ; but long maintain a just and decided superiority. To 
this, we may venture to affirm, may be attributed our long and uni- 
form prosperity, — unparalleled in the annals of English Literature. 
Amongst the political convulsions, foreign contests, and domestic 
struggles of the last ninety-three years, it has been our constant 
study to promote that species of Literature which ever retains a per- 
manent and intrinsic value ; so that our Volumes might be a desirable 
acquisition to every respectable Library, and thus become valuable, 
as a reference, to posterity. We believe there is scarcely a subject, 
connected with the Arts and Sciences of the last century, of which 
useful information may not thence be derived. Few Publications of 
any consequence have passed unnoticed. Every deceased individual of 
eminence or rank in life has received, in our Biographical department, 
some tribute due to his memory. In Topography, although an ample 
field is still and perhaps ever will be open for research, our pages 
present an ample store ; as proof of this, we need only state that 



OO^/f 4 



IV 



l>REFACE. 



Mr. Bbiirn, in his valuable Gazetteer, has referred in almost every 
page td our Publication. In Grenealogical lore none will dispute our 
claims. So valuable have our copious Indexes rendered this depart- 
ment, thsit pedigree-hunters geners^y. consider it their first resource ; 
and we observed, in the report of a recent trial, respecting the charges 
of a late indefatigable Genealogist, that one of the chief items of his 
bill was for obtaining biographical information from the Gentleman's 
Magazine ! 

Thus, notwithstanding the menacing storms that have so long, with 
little intermission^ hovered around our political horizon, the substantial 
interests of Knowledge^ Learning, and Truth, have received our unre-' 
mitting support. Foreign wars and intestine commotions, the natural^ 
enemies (n Science, have at length happily subsided. England now 
presents. the imposing spectacle of a powerful Nation, aggrandizing; 
herself, not by aggression and spoliation^ but by commercial enteN 
prize. The increase, in the Revenue, and the extraordinary rise of 
the Funds, afford flattering proofs of her present prosperity and suc- 
cess. With these national prospects^ so favourable to intellectual 
pursuits, we may entertain sangume expectations of long and steadily 
cultivating those valuable and useful branches of Literature which 
must flourish most when Peace and the Genius of domestic Repose 
smile on our native land. To effect this object no exertions on our' 
parts shall be spared ; and in soliciting the future support of pur learned 
Correspondents, we beg to return our grateful acknowledgments for 
the many gems with which they have enriched our pages. In conclu- 
sion, we venture to refer our Readers with confidence to the contents 
of our present Volume, as classified under the. respective Indexes. 

Dec. 31, 18^3. 



INDEX TO THE EMBELLISHMENTS. 



%* Those marked thus* are Vignettes printed with the Letter-press. 



*Jlhttan, Bp. ring of 483 

*jiUar, Roman, found at Great Bougb- 

ton 388 
Bioamfield, Robert, residence in Pitcber's- 

court 497 
*Bocardot Oxford, curious door in 387 
Boual House, co. York, Medal found 

near 305 
Bridge of Swpension, Durbam 401 
Charlton King's Church, co. Gloucester 

393 
Qnns, miscellaneous 305 
*Conyers, Sir </. faulcbion of 612. Mo-, 

nument in Sockburn Gburch 613 
*J)oor, ancient, in the Bocardo, Oxf. 387 
*Dinsdaie Church, monument in 611 
^hoich Churchy Durham 577 
Enfield, Raynton's monument at 209 
Henry V,, monogram of 257 
House rf Lords, old 489 
Islington, Old Houses at 113 
LeasoweSf in Shropshire, view of 145 
lAlly, ff^m. Portrait of 297 
Liverpool, Church for Welch Poor, at 199 
^Monogram of Henry V. 257 
Navestock Church, Essex 17 
Painted Chamber, Westminster 489 



Raynion's Monument at Enfield S09 

Richard III groat of 305 

Richmond, co. York, Grey Friers at SO'l 

Ring, found near Dorchester 305. *Bp. 
Alhstan's 483 

*Ripon Church, Bas-relief and date 
from 445. *Anger holding a .scroll 
and date 446 

* Roman Altar, found at Great Bough- 
ton 388 

*8i. George, bas-relief of, at Nuremberg 

391 
St. Pancras Chapel, Plymouth 577 
Seals, miscellaneous 305 
*Sedgefield, Durham, skeleton on a 

brass at 522 
*S^lckrat Stone, in Dinsdale Church 

611 , 

*Soekbu97i Church, Monument of Sir J. 

Conyersat6l3 
Stedham, Seal of Simon, rector of 305 
Thatcher, Miss, Portrait of 9 
Three Hats Public House, Islington 1 13 
*Tiiruxton, Roman Candelabrum found 

at 229 
Westminster, Royal Palace 489 
Winch Bridge, Durham 401 



• ■* 



t 2 ] 

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



A New Subscriber U referred fqr the mention. Much inconvenience «nd unoer- 

Compendium of the History of Notting- teinty often arising from errors and devia- 

hamshire to our Magazine for March and tions originally and apparently very slight, 

April 1819 ; and Mr.TwEMLOW for that of and unimportant in the deduction of pedi- 

Cheshire, to December 1816, and April grees, I am induced to trouble your Cprre- 

1818. spondent, and to intrude upon your pages 

A. H. thanks our Correspondent, Mr. £. with this communication, entirely witn the 

Duke (Part i. p* 509), for nis judicious and view of obviating such effects from haste or 

explanatory answers respecting Stonehenge ; inadvertence." 

and fully agrees with htm as to the grandeur The same Correspondent states, in an- 
and sublimity of the whole structurer swer to Antiquarius, Part i. p. 338, that 
R. S. says, " The Corporation of Liver- some account of Edward Lord Windsor of 
pool, with their accustomed liberality, have Bradenham, will be found in Langley's His- 
presented to the Trustees of the Liverpool tory of Desborough Hundred, and a more 
Royal Institution 1000^ for the purchase of particular relation, together with a copy 
mathematical instruments, &c. and voted of his last will, in a quarto volume of tne 
them the sum of 350/. annually for the ge- History of the Windsor Family, 
neral purposes of that infimt establishment/' , V. says, " With regard to the author of 
We understand there is to be an exhibition Bagatelles, (pt. i. p. 15,) Iwouldbeg leave to 
of paintings in the Artists* Crallery, attach- suggest, that that little book may with some 
ed to the Institution, at the approaching degree of probability, — ^I go no farther, — 
Laverpool Musical Festival in October next, be assigned to the Rev. Bennet Allen, for- 
ViATOR observes, ** To prevent your merly Minister of Ilford, who was the trans- 
Correspondent who Inquires after the Scar- lator of '*The Massacre of St. Bartholomew 
gills, nrom being misled by the pedigree in- from Voltaire's Henriade." 
serted in Part il. p. 594 of your Supplement E. F. J. remarks, ** Mention having been 
to vol. xcii. I beg leave to mention, that in itiade (Part i. p. 321) respecting the Barons 
the authentic pedigree of the antient family of Lancaster, I there saw the name of 
of Pigot, I have seen the following particu- Grelle, Baron of Manchester, which, with 
lars, which I believe may be relied upon. — many others, is not in Bankes's Extinct 
Thomas Pigot of tllotheram, whom your Peerage. In a MS Baronage in my posses- 
Correspondent N. Y. W. G. mentions as &- sion, containing an account of the reers of 
ther of Elizabeth, wife of William Scargill, each reign, from William the Conqueror, 
knt. was the second son of Geffrey Pigot of to Charles the Martyr ; under those created 
Rippon and Clotheram, knt. descended in a by William I. I have the following account 
rignt line from Randolf Pigot of Melmonly of Grelye, Baron of Manchester. Robert 
and Ripon, co. York, in temp. Edw. III. Grelye came into England with the Con- 
The elder brother of this Thomas was Sir queror, who made him Baron of Manches- 
Randolph Pigot of Clotheram, knt. living ter ; the last of which name was Thomas 
in the reign of Henry VII. and who married Grelie, Baron of Manchester, who died 
Joan, daughter of Sir Richard Sirangwaies, without issue male, and left his daughter 
knt. but deceasing without issue, left his sole heir, -anno 14 Edw. II. who was mar- 
estate to and amongst the four daughters of ried to Roger Lord Delaware, who by her 
his brother Thomas, whose names and or- had John Lord Delaware, who married Mar- 
der of birth were Joan, Margaret, Eliza- garet, daughter of Robert Holland, and 
beth, and Margery, of whom Joan was Lord Roger Delaware, who married Ellen, 
married, first to Sir Giles Hussey of Gon- dau^ter of Lord Mowbray, and died anno 
thorp, CO. Line. knt. and secondly to Thos. 44 Edw. III. and had Thos. Delaware, who 
Ffalkinghame [I aiopt the orthography of died without issue, and left Joane his sister 
the original], of North Hall near Leeds; and heir, who married Sir Thomas West, 
Margaret, to James Medcalfe of Nappie, knight. Lord of Compton Vallence, from 
CO. Richmond, lent.; Elizabeth, third dau. whom the present Lord Delaware is de- 
first to Sir Charles Brandon, knt. secondly scended. Arms : Gules, 3 bendlets en- 
to James Strangeways, knt. and thirdly to hanced Or. In the plates to Edmonson's 
Francis Neville of Barby ; and Margery to " Baronagium Genealogicum," the Earl of 
Thomas Waterton, esq. Delaware quarters the above arms of Grelye, 

*<From the above account, it seems as representative of that antient fitmily." 
scarcely probable that Elizabeth could have — i. 

been the wife of Sir William Scareill, un- In our present Number, ii. p. 48, 1. Si 
less she had a fourth husband, of whom the from bottom, put a full-stop after fabric, 
pedigree above cited, which is extremely Col. fi, 1. 11 nrom bottom^ read crocket, 
particultt and generally accurate, makes no P. 49, 1. 6, read flowery. 



.■ . • ■.THE • ■ , ,. ■, 

GENTXii^jiiAN'a magazine; 



JULY, 1823. 



ORIOINAIi COMMUNZCAIXONS. 



Oir TUB MoUHTAIVt OF SwiTZlELAVD. 

THE fouiual increase in the nnm- of thk chain, which are all calcareoni. 
ber of English Travellefs with Theyhaveb^eridentlydetacholfKNn 
their Amities at this season of the the Alps, although many are found to 
year, through Switzerland, has in- he not less distant than fiftjr lei^gpes 
doced me to ofifer to public attention front ^m, and are inoontestible mo> 
some observations which, I trust, may nnments of a great physical lerolotion 
be found not altogether uninteresting, which at some antient period seems to 
at least to the inquiring members of have overnimed the gjobe. The caU 
such parties ; they are chiefly adopted carcoos stone of Jura is compact, in 
from a philosopnicaA work of Mr. general of a yellowish brown colour ; 
Picot. . Excursions from home will its beds are interchanged with banks of 
always be attended with cheerfulness mtfme or aigille, containing bomtifhl 
and profitable pleasure, when they are quarries of marble, asphaltos, gypBDm, 
accompanied with a spirit of inquiry nit, and sulphureous waters, a gnkt 
into customs of Foreign nations, and number of^ petrifactions, uad many 
pi^uctipns of different countries. An sorts of fossils, 
inereased love to mankind is then con- Iron mines are abundant; and in 
tracted towards those whom we did the valleys are frequently discovered 
not know, and an enlarged and grate- banks of houille tigneuse, which owq 
ful sense of duty to the oeneficence of their origin to whole forests or woods, 
creation is drawn forth from the heart, which appear to have experienced an 
where it would otlierwise have re- enormous pressure, and .to have been 
mained either for ever dormant, or buried at the termination of some 
at least operated 'only in the limited grand catastrophe, 
knowledge of domestic associations. Jura is crossed by a small number 

■ of strait passes, which it is easy to 

THERE are two principal chains defend, as those of Geneva, TEcfuse, 
of Mountains in Switzerland ; that of d'EscMes, &c. It encircles a great 
Jura, which extends from West to the number of natural grottoes, where the 
North, and forms those boundaries of snow is retained during the whole 
the country; and that of* the Alps, year; it is covered with pasture less 
which surround it at the South and verdant and less prolific than those of 
Elast, and which penetrate to its cen- the Alps, but still very profitable to 
tre ; these two chains approach each their proprietors, and capaole of feed- 
other in many of their points, and ing numerous flocks, and carpeted 
are separated by an immense valley, or with an ..infinity of all pine plants, 
rather by plains interspersed with hills The brown bear who formerly inha- 
which cover the whole Canton of hited these parts has become very rare, 
Geneva, and a part of those of Vaud, and now never shews himself bi^t in 
Friburg, &c. The chain of Jura, the most uncultivated and less inhabit- 
nearest to the Alps, presents its most ed valleys. 

elevated points and blunted summits. The Alps extend in length from 
which are 1 or 2,000 feet higher than 200 to 260 leagues, and in breadth 
the rest of the chain ; on the declivi- from 50 to 80, from the Mediterranean 
ties of this same side there are innu- and Provence to the frontiers of Hun- 
merable fragments or blocks of greis garyj crossing Switzerland, wherein 
or granite, wholly foreign to the rocks and in the neighbouring ct^untrles 

they 



4 On the Mountaiva of Switzerland, [July^ 

they attaiB their greatest elevation, may find the temperature of the air to 

and produce their most extensive mas- be almost th% same both day afhd 

sesy taking different names or epithets night, in summer and winter. 

according to the countries through The influence of the heat upon the 

which they pass. The Romans in evaporation in the air of mountains is 

former times, and the French in our almost triple that which is exercised 

days, have constructed several routes, in tha plam ; it is to the great rarity 

and those over the Simplon and of the air in the Alps, and to the 

Mount Certis are of the latest date, energy with which it accelerates eva-. 

and most general service. poration, that we should ascribe the 

The Alps form one of the ptificipal exhaustion and uneasiness which many 

chains of mountains of the globe, and persons experience in ascending the 

the most lofty of any in Europe ; for, nighest mountains ; their respiration 

passing the less considerable chains, is constrained, and they are obliged to 

AJbunt Perdu, which is the highest stop frequently for rest. 

summit of the Pyrenees, does not ex- Where the clouds are seen to^rag 

ceed 10,578 feet above the Mediterra- along the mountains and to Veil their 

neanSea; Velino, in the Appenines, summits, rain m^y be expected, and 

does not rise beyond 7>668 feet; Etna wheri that has continued a long tifne, 

10,000; the Peak of Lomintz, the snow will fall in the middle regions oF 

most eminent of the Carpacs, 8,100: the Alps, before the rain entirely 

whilst the Finster Aarhorn, in the ceases, and the weather becomes serene 

Helvetic Alps, attains 13,234 feet \ and settled. 

Mount Rose, in the Pennine Alps, The pastures of the Alps generally 
14,560; and Mount Blanc 14,700 consist of two or three stations to 
feet ; these latter mountains are wiih- which the cattle are led in successions 
in 5,000 feet of the Cimboraco, ,in in the spring, summer, and autumn, 
Peru, above the city of Quito, which and each of which has its particular, 
is considered as one of the greatest season ; in the meadows, below the 
giants of all the earth. hills, and iu the plain. In almost every 

The Alps of Switzerland are covered inclosure there is a barn, with stables 
with perpetual snow, especially those for the reception of hay gdthered hi 
whose summits exceed 8,000 or 8,200 during the summer, and where, dur- 
feet of elevation ; for it is generally Tng the winter, cattle are housed ftrom 
remarked of the whole surface of the the neighbouring villages, or those at 
globe, that heat diminishes in propor- the distance qf a league ot more ; the 
tion as we rise above the level of the view of all these rustic buildings af- 
seas, and that we finally attain a fords great animation to the rural: 
height where constant winter reigns, scenery of the verdure of Switzerland. 
This height varies, and follows the In these Alps there are 400 Gla- 
latitude of different countries ; it is ciers, which, according to Ebel, oc- 
14,70'0 feet over the Equator, and cupy a surface of more than 130 square 
grsiduaily abates towards the poles to leagues, each of which are fromt 6ne 
80^of latitude, a point at which it is to seven leagues in length, half a 
, confounded with the surface of the league, at least, in breadth, and from 
tar^, at the sea side. one to six hundred feet in depth. 

The moment of the day, which is ** Such are,** says this writer, •* the 
found to be the coldest upon the Alps, inexhaustible reservoirs from which 
is commonly, as in the plain, that of the greatest and chief rivers of Europe 
sun rise ; so the moment of the great- are supplied.*' 

est heat is that at two hours after The Glaciers are formed in the 
noon; but the difference of the tempera- highest valleys of mountains, where 
ture between these two points of time the snows accumulate during nine 
is much less considerable at the greatr months of the year, rotling in grand 
est elevations than at the borders of masses from the adjoining summits, 
the sea. and heap ulx)n each other in nume- 

De Saussure has observed, that at rous .beds of many hundred feet of 
the Col du Giant, at 10,578 feet above condension. These masses being too 
the sea, it was scarcely one-third of great to be dissolved during the sum- 
that at Geneva ; whence it may be mer, present, at the return of winter, 
concluded, that if we can be raised to the appearance of a mass of congealed 
6 or 7>000 toiscs above the sea, we snows; they thus increase every year 

' till 



|lBfS#| Oil Mi$, JMHIiaMk ^ MPitafendflML 5 

tm ihiy «% «ttiinM iM* th#. Hrtv^ htintM liat«ii««nottior«iiMdittt 

idUM^ wlbiM « gNiMer:d<KKe «C hMi durii^ ratkiiner tMr gtow in die &? 

sMM ttMkr iihriiite» TiMi OliMri suits of the GlaintiMi, thai Um^ taty 

ffMoiAhDik diiiiiteih doHiOg tta^ be ft<tt«n« and thus pf«ictved natU ilid 

kMrlng y«iii^ Uutt k tn ssy» tfa« inlb* time when they would use thrm. The- 

riot jMutt oir theaft, ^ith spraiuto inm ifthjsbitaats of the coantty employ the 

the fcrtik ideMlofVs of ihe ^alleys^ kxses ite of the Ohusiers to desperate mala-" 

by ibe Mlitng of d«6 wmmtt saeh dies* especbl^ in dysetiteiy and as a 

a quaniiqf of M» that i\ leaves a pot- remedy agaimt agoe* cm the principle 

tkn of tlie febil which it oe<!to]^. in that eootraries cure their couttaries; 

other yeiM; the Glaeiairs adtanoe dti^ they hold abo, thai the water of the 

feiendy» and deseend funhet into the Glacien ha« many nws, and coi«a 

eoMvated vallies; there is nolhing many diieases} itk summer it k vety 

regular in their maich* this depeuds oold, is thick, and of a cinder cddttr, 

ou die teaaneirature of the air, and and it issues through the vallqfi^ to- 

abundance of iKe snows* It is usually uniting in great riven.** 
ia die-apliDg that thii increase of the The inhabiunu of the Alpitie tal-* 

ObeieM IS taiude> tot during lUt mn^ leys sufiet durin|; die somvtier oeea^ 

tet chcgr temaln at rest like veg^tion, sional ravages of the tonenai, vrhidl 

but in the tumm^ thin iisiures wit Mm and increase ptodtgiodriy when 

most (ittc|Uemly opoied, and this ope* there are any hm from tnb hig^ 

mtion is accompanied with a noisfe mountains, llie fearAti noise whieh 

like that of thunder, and with feetrific is heard from the heights, announee 

shak«% that ttkake the neighbouring thdr arrival for a quarter or half an. 

mounuins tremble. Where these kii^ hout preceding, which affiMrds tioys to 

of dHonations am heard> aud that uke Mme means to avert tUs deatrue- 

many times during the day, a change dve visitalion. Those who have been 

in ihe atmosphere is expected; these upon these manntaini during the dme 

ilssiires vary from day to day> and ren- or one of these storms, ^PftUtf dttV- 

dn the Gkciers dangerous to travdlen, ing a uight of tempest, WnlKfin-the 

Itie sudden ohanm of the atmo- remembrance of one of die 'meet im* 
sphcm aometimesproduee these fissures ' odnng and terrific spectactei which 
in the Glaciers ; currents of cold air, has been given to man to consider t 
which bring with them particles of at one moment it is a wind of extra- 
ice, and disperse them to a distance as ordinary violence : at the next, light* 
a drift of snow. The Glaciers are ningthemostvivid,llh)biinat{t^foran 
ofien coTered with fragmehts of stones instant the rudest scene in nature, and 
and rocks, brought thither by ava- leaving it in the profoundest darkness, 
lanches, or fallings from the adjoining Allowed by thunders re-echoed from 
sumimiis. Usually these fragments are the neighbouring summits ! The storm 
by small degrees cast towards the base h often seen to ra^ below the spec- 
and upon the sides of the Glacier, tutor's feet, while he is enjoyinz die 
where thejr fbrm enormous walls, 1()0 most serene and calm atmosphere; 
feet in height, to which the name torrents pouring their whisding winds 
of Moraines has been given. The on one side, and trees and roots torn 
vaults of ice which are observable ai up on the otner. Hie tempests of the 
the foot of the Glaciers, and whence plains in some respects produce similar 
a torrent sometime issues, are always phenomena, but these are by far the 
formed in the place where all the watera most terrible and subl ime ! A* H. 
meet which spring from the melting (To be continued.) 
of the ice; they take their rise in the . ^ 
spring, and acquire in the summer, \fr fTooA^r Newli^n yicarage, 
dimensions which often attain 60 to ^^^' iJRBAN, Truro, July 5, 
100 feet on every side. The water is "tlST'HILST your Reviewer accepts 
white, and adheres to the numerous f T my best thanks for his flattering 
particles of rock which it carries down attention to my little book, (see Part 1. 
with it, and which ore extremely at- page 340,) he will allow me to ob- 
tenuated by this friction. serve that, in his critique, there are 

Sebastian Monster, in his descrip- some positions which seem to want 

tion of Switzerland about 300 years support, and some remarks whiQh^ on 
since, speaking of the Glaciers, sajrs, due consideration, his candour, I th'mk, 
pace 341, SolvU Venaioms^ ^c. «*The will induce him to retract. 



With respect to Marriage^ is it the the praise which Is due to. talent; or to 
opinion of the Reviewer, that ''the stifle, all my youthful recdllectioQs f. 
connexion between the man and the whilst I remember his unwearied at- 
woman should only subsist so long as tentions to my father in illness — atten- 
ihe efforts of both are essential to the tions. which, under Providence, pro- 
rearing of their children ?" Surely longed a life so dear to me ! Nor da. 
not. But such might be inferred from I fear contamination, whibt I tiirn 
•* the fine argument of Lord Kaimes,'* over those unpublished Poems of WoU 
as stated by tne Critic. And Professor cot, which I happen to possess; espe- 
Millar's ** illustrations'' are to me cially that pathetic epistle from Queen 
obscure. Dr. Beattie's admirable essay Matilda to her brother George 111. and 
on *' the Attachments of Kindred^' that fine Christmas Hymn or Carol, 
would set all rieht. In the volume of which we should be willing to derive 
** Dissertations" now before me, I had from Christian feeling, 
forgotten the essay " on Kindred ;" Let me now, Mr. Urban, beg youf 
and very lately opened to it, by mere pardon for thus detaining you. And 
accident. let me in treat your Reviewer to take 

Of Roman Adulteries we have, in gopd part what I have ventured to 
doubtless, abundant proof. But I have intimate or suggest to him; again as- 
drawn a line of evident distinction be- sjirin^ him, that I sincerely thank him 
tween ancient Rome, and Rome in for his good opinion of me, and that I 
the days of Horace, and of Juvenal, am gratified by those expressions of 
and Martisd, and Seneca. approbation which far outweigh the 

Por the metaphysics of the Essay on exceptions he may have made to some 

"Taste, it dpes not appear to me that passages in my writings, 

the Reviewer and myself essentially In allusion to " the Schoolmistress/' 

disagree. Taste (as he most happily it is asked : 

expresses it) is in landscape, " a know- , . > j . i. 

iXe of fine scenes, anS assimilation ^h! whither ma store of W^ge^^^^^^ 

1 5:21a n.,^ 4K:« o«;rr,;ut:^« ^a« Ah, whither exiled that fiur-dreaded Dame, 

totW«,But this assimilation can- whose learning stamp'd the credit of a witch 

not exist wiihoui feeling ^nd fancy. ^ ^guch U its fete t5o oft) on hopest feme ? 

My little volume is truly a ''farrago where now that rod which, with uaerrin^ 

Ulelh," where next rises into notice — ^in,, 

<* the Deserted Village-school." The Would idler strait in distant comer smite ..• 

first edition of this poem was publish- Tfiose ruthless twigs announcing sin and 

ed at Edinburgh, under the direction shame, 

of Sir Walter Scott, who considered it Which kindling ire would sway with tenfold 

as a coKW/erpflf/ to Shenstone's" School- might, [alas! to light? 

mistress,'* not as, in any respect,, a When little struggling bums were brought, 

copy. The stanzas, in both poems. High-spectacled her reverential nose, 

are Spenserian. But the subject of When late I peep'd amidst her pigmy 

the " Deserted School '' is perfectly throng, pug woes* 

new, from the first stanza to the last. Small thought had she, in sooth, of gather- 

The Stanzas most resembling Shen- But humm*d, as in the days when life was 

stone (though from the sentiment very young, 

distant from imitation) shall, by your ^ In >nerry mood, a stave of Israel s song : 

leave, be submitted to your readers. Then sudden, startled at the sight of me, 

I must first, however, revert to the ^he threw a quickenmg glance her imps 

critiqiw, where in my " Traditions ^^^ J^^; ^eady class in due degree, 

and Recollections,; the Reviewer p,oud tL the Parson's self her sworein 

thinks I have treated too leniently the , ^j^^^d ^^^^ '^ 

character of Dr. Wolcot : but it was " , , , 

the character of Dr. W. in earlier life. Where now that wheel she tumd so swift 

Dreadful is it to consider, that as he ^^ , "°"'*^' , ,, [warm'd? 

grew older, he became more and more J^ ^«' »7? ^?^ *^« summer-sunbeam 

grew */* , jj„'j: Where her trim beds, her thyme, her pars- 

Ficentious. So that the term "^agj/t- ley-ground, . ^ 

ousness is by no means inapplicable j Her. elder, clownUh warts away that 

and he was indeed (as 1 have repre- charm'd ; 

sentedhim in the last chapter of my Her hives, that 'mid the luscious woodbine 

** Recollections") a hoary sinner. swann'd. 

Yet I cannot conceive that, for this And, for the Curate, the, pure virgin-coiab? 

reason^ I ought to withhold firom Wolcot Alas ! shall gentle Pity, unalarm'd, 

B6 



tdHpS 



«ith 



r Fr 






4M. 



lap: 
N«rdUli,iUirawi« 






lofwddw 



Anced. AiSTiwet, that thn^ rnimiii««i«n 

^ki^ Test of the Poem, we almost lose YHiMiwiAyetffiMcichfrwidwtfit, 

ttfllit of Shenstone. I wisK I could ^^S oy^ptBhgiB toiiienfaiiwr^y^ 

litfami^ die whole. NorC^jl«3SS,lh3^ 

^HnroliM ovgQod'WJfotar.totlM BvkmtlieflfaiiiaiiisdBBlr-bo/tBbenlmlBa, 

M«M' While eadi i ngiem i oni fcfing hoUi iti 

So tef-^-hitviiCiiMbfaoYD%tf price! * pleee» 

I ev% co Btni ete d veie lui cotti^e-vieiri : ' Ne hack, aii firak, w e*er dngpi'd 



Yat onfy fhiU fiatidioanien too aiee 
Scoff at hb Jtee end ■»• as pRJuAee. 

tflM kd BBSr Aolt 'tMf otabbom pridei 
WUdi, spvndvg iaaonitkm as a Tioe» 

Sladc to tfae-syali« hf hii fitthen — ' ' 



For mowj hands to •■y»iHhj §at 
icnnd* 



His brogues let down (lor 
mnofai) 




m too 

[jweecfiy 



'^''^ Or^ in meek accenla nf aniMii 

Cb»e was Us feKi md^ as |us ene he' The cn^Tit'condesesndiag to 

pmf% For mercy— saj, via soch m aljeet elf 

AthbMnMiditheriDafffrBVOiildfleei Thehosfatot man's impoitaBoeevsrii , 

Wh in mSk tesos, and ttwae bj Hymen Nor grovel in the dust in search of pelf i— 

>' bom to cope vith Kings an inde- 



dasp'd- 
Aad (rfmlTdj sr if from thmldirm — n — *t 
fi«e) nhree'! 

' - ' in his &ce <tfae Rule of 



Tho' 



An 



pendent self ?" F)p.aotya09. 
Yours, &c. B. P. 



Fv dliy ^ Anows of his beetlbg brow 
AilllessTir with ag» had trse'd^ perdie : 
AaSi,mm,9itleoaBftM had foil enow * 
For «fil» a«t> or axe, or dod-compsiling 

" And see where now, like locusts o'er the ^o Wood, "a pithy and sententious 
lund^ [trim route ! preacher, exquisite orator, and an emi- 



FLY LEA VES.— No. XIII. 
fFUHam Strode ike Poei. 

E flourished in the reign of 
Charles I. and was, according 



&nnds &r and near, the fierce Lancas- 
Atfint,it was a sly and sneaking band — 

But hark ! as < if all Bedlam were let out,' 

Of * taureUerated sounds' a shout ! 
Hark! in the winds new seclamations swell! 

The sober citizen and Inbber-lout, 



nent poet*'* On the effusions of his 
muse he bestowed little care. Many 
of his poetical pieces remain scattered 
in the manuscript collections of that 
period, and the few pieces known 
were posthumously prmted in such 



And babes and sucklings, ere *'*«y g^t can popular miscellanies as Parnassus 



spell — 



[Bell 



.'Dr. 



Magle with lawny lords, and piattU 

Wdl do I recollect, with many a stain 
SaHne, how soil'd my tear-washt bom- 
book was ! 

rd give my ears the relic to regain. 

Spite of Lancastrian humming: * what an 



ass 



In troth, sage Madam Trimmer to surpass. 
To honest Dilwortb I adjudge the palm : 



Biceps, 1656, and Wit Restored, 1658. 
The following pieces were taken from 
an old manuscript volume f to engraft 
in Ellis^s Specimens, vol. III. p. 173. 

* Atb. Oxon. by Bliss, vol. III. col. 151.' 
i* The following admired lines were in 

the same collection, and afipear much in 

the stile of our author. 

To his Mistres. 



His tatterM leaves shall conjure up our ^.,^ ^j, ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ,^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ 



class, 
And breathe o'er all my soul a spring-tide 

balm — [second Psalm. 

ETen now I read and spell, and thumb the 

Nashless, tho' I would fain to memory look 
To catch the colour of my childish days, 

Twns not, I wist, attachment to my book ; 
Twas not ambition emulous of praise. 
That o'er my toils effused its cheery rays; 



red. 

And whence the lillie whitenesse borrowed : 
You blusht ; the rose strait red'ned at the 

sight. 
The lillie kist your hands, and so came white. 
Before that time the rose ivas but a staine. 
The lillie of its palenesse did complain : 
You have the native colour ; these they die 
And onely flourish in your livery. 

On 



a 



Flp Um^ Vi^ XUL^'^irod^'^ Poms. 



[July, 



On a GetUleuwmn mkMii^ in tk^ 

'I Mwe fiure Cloris walke alone, 

Whea fnthersd nyn« cvne seftl j dowse, 

Aad Jove daaotadMi Drom his tower 

To court her in s silver shower. 

The wanton snowe flewe to her byeast. 

Like li^W bijrdf into their nest. 

And overcame widi whitenes ther» 

For grief it tbaw'd into a teare. 

Thence fikUisg on her garments hemnA, 

To diacji her &e«i'd into a gen^u^e. 

W. St. 

Sonjg* On a Friendes ahsence. 

Cone, come, I fkint, thy heavy stay, 
Doubles each bower of the day 
Xhe winged ha«te of nimble love, , 

Make* i^ed tyme not seem to move ; 

J9id not the light 

And then the lught 

Obatmct my sight 
I shcMild beleeve the son forgott his flight. 

Shew not the drooping mary-gold 
Whose leaves like greiving amber fold : 
My longing nothing can explayne 
But soule and body rent in twayne : 

Did I not moane 

And sighe and groaae 

And taJke alone, 
I should beleeve my soule was gon from home. 

Shee's gone, shee's gone, away shee*s fledd, 
Within my breast to make her bedd, 
In mee there dwells her tenant woe, 
And sighes are all the breath I blowe : 

Then come to me. 

One touch of thee 

Will make mee see 
If loving thus I live, or dead I bee. 

W.St. 
Sonnett, 

My love and I for kisses playd, 

Shee would keepe stakes, I was content. 
But when I wonne, shee would be paid, 

This made mee aske her what shee meant : 

'< Pmy, since I see," quoth shee, **your 

wrangling vayne, [againe.** 

^<Take your owne kisses, give mee myne 

W. Str. 

To his Mistress. 

In your steme beauty I can see 
What ere in i£tna wonders bee, 
If coles out of the topp doe flye. 
Holt flames doe gush out of your eye : 
If frost lye on the ground belowe. 
Your breast is white and cold as snowe : 
The sparkes that sett my hart on Are, 
Refuse to melt your owne desire. 
The frost that hyndes the chilly breast, 
With double fire hath mee opprest : 
Both heat and cold a league nave made. 
And leaving yow, they mee invade : 
The hearth its proper flame withstands, 
VN'hen ice itselfe heates others hands. 

W. S. 



Kttf am ymtat nMka viA hide yovr eye, 
Por with behol<fiiig jeu I dye ; 
Your latall beauty, Gorgon<>li|^, 
Dead with astonishment will atrike ; 
Your piercing eyes, if them I see. 
Are worse than Basilisks to mee. 

Shatt from myne eyes those hills of snowe. 
Their melMng valleye doe not showe : 
Those aznre pathes lead to dispaire, 
O vex TDfifb not, forbeare ! forbeare ! 
For while I thus in, torments dwell. 
The fight of heaven ia worse than hell. 

Your dayntie voyce and warbling breath, 

Sound like a sentence past for death : 

Your dangling tresses are become. 

Like instruments of finall doome : 

O ! if an angel torture so. 

When life is gone where shall I goe ? 

W.St. 

O/* Death and Resurrection. 
lAke to the rowling of an eye, 
Or like a starre shott from the skye ; 
Or like a hand vpon a clock. 
Or like a wave vpon a rock : 
Or like a winde, or like a flame. 
Or like false newes which people frame : / 
Even such is man of equall stay. 
Whose very growth leads to decay. 

The eye is tum*d, the starre downe 
bendcth, [scendeth : 

The hand doeth steale, the wave de- 
The winde is spent, the flame vnflr'd. 
The newes disprov'd, man's life expired. 
Like to an eye, which sleepe doeth chayne> 
Or like a starre, whose fall wee ftiyne : 
Or like the shade on Ahaz watch. 
Or like the wave which gulfes doe snatch. 
Or like a winde or flame that's past. 
Or smother'd newes oonflrm'd at last ; 
Even so man's life pawn'd in the grave, 
Wayts for a riseiog it must have. 

The eye still sees, the starre still blaz- 
eth, [eth. 

The shade goes back, the wave escap- 
The wind is turn'd, the flame reviv'd, 
The newes renew'd, and man new liv'd, 

W.Sr. 
Eu. Hood. 

Mr. Urban, Jult/ 17. 

YOUR Correspondent Amicus (i. 
490) could perhaps inform me 
to what family of Agar allusion is 
made in Drake's " York.'* 

The Earldom of Aldborough (see i. 
372) is 7iot extinct ; it has devolved to 
the Honourable Benjamin O'Neal 
Stratford, onlv surviving brother of the 
late Peer, and now j)resent and fourth 
Earl. The writer was led into the 
mistake by Debrett's ** Peerage," stal- 
ing Mr. Stratford's death instead of his 
lady's. G. H. VV. 

Mr. 



on a.yMiiriy inr ^OM- ,y' .^feaiitiy i Mf /mii^^ •/ ■'An-rA ' 

IMIP WJEI Ki BUT, 



lO 



Ca»€ of Mm Thatcher, born Deaf and Dumb, Z^^^y, 



the adrantages of the same treatment ; 
for her Majesty expressed herself much 
gratified by such a proof that these 
eases were not all incurable, and was 
pleased to cause the Royal thanks to 
oe conveyed to Mr. Wright, for one of 
his publications on the fiir, which her 
Majes^ personally desired him to send 
her, and in honouring him with the 
grant of an appointment as her Sur- 
geon- Aurist (see London Gazette, Jan* 
80, 1818), declared in a letter written 
by her Majesty's command, that the 
honour was conferred in consequence 
of her Majesty ** having had an oppor^ 
iuniiy of witnessing the efficacy of Mr, 
Wrifhtt practice and ability as an 
Aurtst.** 

From one of Mr. Wright's works 
on ** Nervous Deafness,*' it appears 
that this young lady's case was a 
species of dropsy of the membrane, 
jEenerally known by the name of the 
dmm ot the ear, which being formed 
of several laminae, some of them were 
kept apart by extravasated fluid. He 
eonsiders this case as of very rare oc- 
currence, but is of opinion that thd 
most frequent cause of total and conge- 
nital deafness is to be attributed to the 
injudicious exposure of infants by 
nurses and others to sudden changes of 
temperature, cold ablutions in the first 
moments of existence, &c. &c. but he 
does not think that there are so many 
children born deaf, as is generally be- 
lieved. 

It is commonly supposed, that in 
the Deaf and Dumb Asylum, the 
children receive medical aid as to the 
malady under which they labour ; but 
by a correspondence published in 18 IQ, 
it appears that Mr. Wright offered to 
attend the children in that Institution 
gratuitously; and His Royal Highness 
the Duke of Gloucester, the Atron, 
with the advice of Dr. Bain, one of 
the Censors of the College of Physi- 
cians, recommended that the offer 
should be accepted ; to which the Com- 
mittee returned the following answer : 



*' Resolved, That as this Institution is 
established ouly for the purposes oflnstriie- 
tion, it is the opinion of this Committee 
that they cannot, consistently with their 
sense of the confidence reposed in them by 
the Parents, permit the rupils received by 
them for Education alone, to be subjected 
to any Medical Treatment whatever in regard 
to tneir Deafness, irhile they are in the 
Asylum, and that a eopy of this Resolution 
be respectfully communicated to his Royal 
Hig^ets the Patron." 

When the proposal was made, it 
was explained to the Committee that 
the modes of treatment were not kept 
secret, neither were they painful, nor 
in any respect injurious to the consti- 
tution ; and under those circumstances, 
with facts before them to shew that it 
was no vain theory, surely parents 
ought to have had an option, whether 
they would or would not subject their 
children to a trial of the curative pro- 
cess, thus proposed. We understand 
the illustrious Patron was of opinion, 
that if such rules existed, whereby 
the Committee considered themselves 
obliged to give the above reply, a gene- 
ral meeting of Governors ought to 
have been convened, for the purpose 
of taking into consideration tne pro- 
priety of rescinding such regulations. 

If, indeed, the method of treatment 
was calculated to give pain, or derange 
the health of the children, the eeneral 
m<ietins of Governors would have 
evinced parental solicitude by refusing 
the offer ; but it was not proposed that 
the children should be subjected to 
the ridiculous plan of having their 
constitutions injured, and probably 
their lives destrc^ed with mercury * ; 
nor their ears burned with caustic t* 
Indeed, the Governors would only 
have had to look at Miss Thatcher, to 
be convinced that the process was not 
injurious to health ; and everjj person 
who sees this print of her, will be of 
th? same opinion, for Miss Drummond 
has shewn her usual taste and spitit of 
execution in the ix)rtrait, and the en- 
graver has performed his part in a 



* Several cases are quoted, and much force of reasoning used by Mr. Wright, in a little 
work on " The improper use of Mercury in cases of nervous Deafness." 

i* The case of the Duke of Wellington, into whose ears a solution of caustic was put to 
relieve an imaginary opacity of the drum of the ear, must serve as a caution against the use 
of this application ; for though numberless cases might be cited in which it has occasioned 
equally injurious effects, yet when a misfortune occurs to such an illustrious individual, it 
becomes known to all the world. The Duke's life was considered by his medical attendants 
as being seriously threatened, previous to his departure for the Congress, owing to this ap- 
plication, and his Grace's hearing has been very defective, until recently, since Mr. 
Wright's attendance upon him : but we understand that gentleman is iz^great doubt 
whetner the hearing on one side will ever be restored. 

manner 






O.S.feB.H. 
E MCOM Ift fairn been w ohir 



mctDecting the CitB oTUw I^ 
__-niwGfn, jMomtdaDifhttf of ■uutdwihi hid, *mHmwhm>M 



i^rtrr ofChariA Thii itatenwM k conobaniKi -few 

— - -J pnntt of bv ihff foUowing entiy bi Aa PmJk ■•■ 

Uttoiy anvdl ItDOWB, and M daobl, giater of Yasronl : 

TT^f^^*^i l*^ ^ " t"^ "llxUlrKttbnIdtGtv, b^lai* 

idcUbandburMltlutlamnotripeak- taiiwt," B.A.V. 

iuff. Dr. Fallefj tn Ku qmlnt waf, , ^, , , 

aim u tbe ibllowing account : ._. , , ' . ^ , 

]HglbeciiHahe>«d>ii«)i>liM AaUgli ■»««u «rti(«i**. 
.«^ to hMMTi unal lato A* iMdf K«i 



11 Rtptd**. 
1. Tv SuioaaPH'BAVK^ .. 

dii.,c>iL*d7 7l^~tMi«.duH(tpq' 'pREfellnwujginHertw.n.ItmL 

-AMd, ov ■d^om. *M> »i4> aiy •!» iv '^ nfflcientlf apA)^ fe^ Ae U- 

ViBM mn togMMt, li^ibig oBt bar aor- berty I have thni takCD, aod I beg to 

tawm maii^ioa■, to thu tliougti tlw tom) De consideftd in term) of the grcatett 

'is hsr chMk* kwlced very ma anfl pik, it respect, yooT most obedient servaut, 

«H not for wuM af ntering. Aftormrifc Samdel HnrciNSOV. 

Si"S^*^^^Q^'K ■IVT.ad,.ho„ghaIoathso,„e.i. 

^SSSirSXp™«iIa«dbe«eT.d ""^ Kt^^'^'y «»""dered a reoomou. 

it. Qu™ EUuhtlb b«beU U rtth . a?""^ by the comraon people, many 

Juloo* «J«. onwUling .he AoM muh Of ™n<"n, so far from iraJicalmn any 

sithii foreign Prinw ot &iglidi Paex, bat fear Of disgust at its sight, will fre- 

Sillow the uttem aha nt ha of ceuUat quentlj graap it in their hands, and 

uniptian thiiEoii ttirow it wantonly at each other. That 

, ucdirith hia lidj it ii actually capable, however, of in- 

', uiil laTerd; forlwldeii hei jurieg the nunian frame, will appear 

■compmy I but lorn and monej will find or {com the following rate and perhaps 

femapiM^. Bt briUiig ill* !»ep«r, he pni que occurrence. 

bovgfat (wW -- hi. omij hi. wife-. .». ^i,iig Thomas Willson. a gardener 

S^.tS"r' « '.t,^" ■ ^""a ■ paiHag'an oid wafl. in t^e early part of 

S.r.fir.l^'y^'dJ^Srr."*" Stisco5dandsterilcmonth.he& 
* rni'., XI-. i-a cavity passing up the middle, with 

ItappearafromBayleyB-Historyof „n,e out lets, at irreRiilar dislances. ao 

the rower,' j, 91 that on the 5th ^^^^,,, ^„(, y^^^ as induced him to 

Sept. 1508, 4 Eha. "the Ladie KaOj.^ ^^ ^1,^,,, j,,^ ^i^,., ^f ^,„ „^ „f 

rine Grej-, and the Erie of Hartford ^^^^ ^^^^^ qnadruricds. The severity 

wwe prisoncm there r but fm'n the of the day, ihe pendent posiiioii of the 

followine note, copied from a Mb by head, .o«ther wiih a cold, under 

Reyce, now in the C-ollege of Arms, ^^i^h he then laboured, aggregately 

relating 10 Suflfolk Antiqu>li«, it >s ^^^^j ^ ^^^^ „ i„^, ^ff„,f<f„ ^f ihJ 

equally clear that she did not die there : . '^ — _ 

ihe note is as follows : • On this sulij'Ct see vols. l. p. 873 i 

"Itera lie buriid iu the Church aad mviii. 1055; l»six a03, 4le, ST3. ■ 



IS Correspondence wUh Sir Joseph Banla, relatwe to the Toad. iJvif, 



nasal fluid than at other times. To 
hare disposed of this drop by drop» re- 
peatedly and deliberately in the way 
usoal m more civilized life, would 
have impeded the operations of one so 
assiduously employed. It was removed 
by an apter process, the fore-finger and 
thumb) accompanied by a short and 
forward ierk of the head. Thus was 
the hand for several hours alternately 
employed, one while squeezing the 
humid nostrils, at another time remov- 
ing, handling, and refitting the smooth 
stones surrounding the cavities. 

In the extremity of these gloomy 
recesses, about the close of day, were 
4iaeovered five monstrous Toads, which 
finding their domains invaded, had 
crawled thither for safety. In the 
evening, this person, not in the least 
apprehensive of any evil consequences 
liKely to ensue, returned to his house, 
where he had not been lon^ seated by 
the fire, before he was seized with a 
sharp throbbing sensation never before 
experienced in that very part which, 
during the course of the previous day, 
had been so often pinched with the 
finger and thumb. In the night this 
increased, and before the ensuing 
morning, extended with a considerable 
degree of painful inflammation quite 
over his face, to the crown of his head 
upwards : in a lateral direction to his 
ears and downwards to his shoulders. 
Though not yet aware of the source 
from whence the evil proceeded, still 
he now began to be alarmed, and re- 
collecting what intercourse he so lately 
had with the ancient inhabitants of 
the hollow wall, to suspect the injury 
arose from them. On the following 
day, his nose was so swollen, his fea- 
tures so generally inflated, the colour 
of his face so heightened, that, inde- 
pendent of his corporal habiliments, 
not even a neighbour would have 
known him. In this state of pain, 
distortion, and suspense, did he con- 
tinue nearly a week, at the end of 
which, finding no abatement of the 
malady, application was made to a far- 
rier, who affixed a large leathern plas- 
ter consisting of honey and verdigrise, 
because it is reputed to have cured not 
long ago a man bitten by a viper in a 
hay-field, at Swinstead. To the part 
affected, this recipe had not been long 
applied, before its salutary efficacy 
began to be felt. Seven fertile ulcers 
burst out from his nose, which conti- 
nued, for many days, to discharge a 



black fioetid matter very profusely. Tbe 
tumid member became daily less^ the 
inflammation ffradually subsided, the 
pain abated, and the features re-assumed 
their natural shape. 

Tbe particulars of the above singular 
circumstance have thus been correctly 
and minutely detailed, with a view to 
caution persons, whose province more 
especially may lead them to such 
places as this and other reptiles are 
wont to inhabit, to convince them 
what seems clear beyond all possibility 
of doubt, that the Toad is actually pos- 
sessed with a power of infusing, some 
how or other, a noxious quality into 
the human frame. The writer, how- 
ever, begs to be understood, that, no^ 
withstanding the reputed qualitjr of 
the large leathern plaister, he does not 
vouch for its efficacy in the present, 
nor will he venture to recommend it 
in a future and similar instance, 

2. To the Rev. Samuel HopKiNSoir, 
Morton, near Bourn, Lincolnshire. 

Rev. Sir, Soho-sq. June 18, 1808. 

YOUR favour, dated April 25, did 
not reach my hands till yesterday. For 
the account contained in it, 1 beg to 
thank you, though in fact I am not 
yet convinced that the swellings which 
took place in the nose of the person 
you describe, were owing to his having 
blown his nose with a fineer with 
which he had touched stones olacken- 
ed by the frequent contact of the 
Toads crawling over them. 

I have, from my childhood, in con- 
formity to the precepts of a mother, 
void of all imaginary fear, been in 
constant habits of taking Toads in my 
hand, holding them there some time, 
and applying them to my face or noae, 
as it may happen. My motive for 
doing this very frequently, is to incul- 
cate the opinion I have held since I 
was taught by my mother, that the 
Toad is actually a harmless animal, 
and to whose manner of life man is 
certainly under some obligation, as his 
food is chiefly those insects which 
devour his crom, and annoy him in 
various ways. To treat such an animal 
with cruelty, and to regard it with 
disgust, I have always considered as a 
vulgar error, and have thought it an 
act of humanity worthy the practice of 
a contemplative man, to convince his 
neighbours by every means in his 
power, that a helpless and harmless 

creature 






M* ' utTttttaot of hoDttiBitv 
the Tb^ wiMi hM iKMr 




n«|.witti • 



F 60 jwi. in . ba ImhI M 
DndlnmiioBM Uvfis^fi, ,_, 

4idMaf»TMd> tndhrfncatawinrto ttilw ia the ceri» eT 



B face in Mcie^ c«nsB«olv pot cnefoHf Into 
dnoflhe dupogkeL NaciiHtIue,Miwa.4in 
n^ecttD theteKnulcenceMedloflffirrwhMb 



%• Md ow ehaele iTCR not n^ect 

faMMK tv'lhe toodl. I bvre nero, - y^ uou uiie« waEKS uier 107 lUK 

in We inMue^ dtNored jUj ante- bunt fimh, been tronblcd vrilb w. 

'Mebee 10' fbUmr t)w eootact <if ilie ^iiniUi conipluiit op tm pvt of bia 

>-^nta*kia«ittlbttaril>MdiMn body. Heni^ neftr bed the mob. 

wIm bimnt wboi « beert, a Intioa to. view thie loe i i »M m>e nwtil^ 

«r ft fldt » handled. . etea from « diaienee or on henebect. 




ihftTMe had rabfaed. IindinemiMb mwj to the man Tnlan^Ie p^ ^m* 

BNm to wppoff that it ma tbeeSeet I truit, jpon wiU b^ve the gaodDot |o 

«r toow eooititntknal diKue wliiofa excuie me in obi tn ji^ that jaa,fto- 

aeeidentallv took plaoe toon after the balilj lud no cnel^ nor nm at the 

HMn had ioimd the T^ada in the wall, time of qiplJcation npn joor lipa, 

end wltich wm n iuM O w ly ettribnted wbifa the erttemilie* of Wilbot^a 

tnwnom. noM were, fima « combinatioo ot 

I am, Retr. Sr, T^'"^-' ^ ^J'"^*J of thodw, 
the dnppiiig of the mnctn, and the 



Your most obedieat terTaD^ 
JosiPH Bakka. 



thamb, were under a coniider^le de- 



« c._ Tn._^u M^r^ l^«.9± gree of excoriation. At this time and 
3, Sir Jokph -W":^. /"« «■ fn ihi. sUte. do I coocrive and believe 
I AM moeh obliged by the W- „a, the noxious quality of diis hotri- 
•ome and diffuse manner in which Ue reptile uken from the poUoted 
you have been pleaud to favour mc guinea V the finpr and thumb, and 
with an anawer. Though ready to conveyed directly by frequently pinch- 
pay the utmost deference to your opi- j^g gnj squeezing the escoiiated and 
niMi in all matters relating to the <^- huniid noatrils to the note. SupposinE. 
latiDos of nature. Mill, under ciicam- however, that at the time of comtact 
alancea, of which I have actudty been u,^ openlngi existed upon your liin, 
in * gnat depee an eye witneaa, it i* we are not surely to infer, admituug 
ntteriy impoatible to reaist all at once, i^ capabUity to infuse a venom, a cer- 
aod to rqect altogedier, the plain evi- ^inty of your receiving the infection, 
dence of sense, or to peruse yonr plan y^^ fcno„_ 55^ Joseph, much bet- 
fin remonoK the aversion which the ter than I, that there is scarce any Uw in 
cenerahty of men entertain for the Nature without some exception. Tie 
To^, without tumitiK pale with horror. ,niall.pox, though a very common, i> 
Had my neighbour WiUson been ad- „(,, ^ general disorder. Some never 

dieted to habitsof intemperance, which , 

we see daily punished with fiery and , j^^ ^^^ ,gjg_ After a Up« of fif- 

diitorted features; had he, Irom other ^^ _ ThumM WUiiou ii psrftetlj 

causes, been subiect to cutaneous dis- n .j :„- <l., t~~.v.i, -iJ .-. ■,.,:_„ 



, __.n subject to cutaneous dis- »eii, Kinnoiog f»«t towardi old ago, haiiag 

orders 1 could any plausible reason be ^g,gt oaat, either befora, or liace the |>e- 



aasigned for the fabrication of so cu- riod abon noticed, been troubled with *aT 
_ r_, _u__j — .u„ _:_u. . . t._t 1 1... j^^ 

e "d 
laKc 



riotts a falsehood, one, then, might ulcen in hii Bko, nor in mj other pert at 
hcMtate a wtiile in assenting to tits his bad;r> "hioh is remulnfal]' fitw and 
•lory. To all this, however, the re- tiMUhy considadng his advauciDg Te^*- 



^ l4 Comepondence wUh Sir Jon 

lake the measles. 1 neirer had the 
whoopingK^agh, and have, providen- 
tially, more than onee escaped fevevs^ 
that seized my corapanioM at sehool 
and college^ and hurried them pre- 
maturely to the tomb. In like man- 
ner, when one hundred are bitten, 
perhaps not more than one dies of the 
ft}^rophobia, though neither sea- 
water, the Ormskirk medicine, nor 
any other nostrum has contributed, in 
the least degree, to sare one single 
individual oi the remaining ninety 
and nine. 

I have carefully informed this pet- 
son of the particulars of your humane 
and obligine letter, but so convinced 
is he that tne virulent ulcers which 
flowed so long and so copiously from 
his nose were occasioned by the toads, 
: and by nothing else, that 1 verily be- 
lieve neither the dread of punishment, 
nor a promise of reward, will ever in- 
duce him, any more than myself, to 
submit to the process you have been 
so good to state for removing this 
general and painCul prejudice. 

Another circumstance, somewhat 
corroborative, though differing mate- 
rially from the above, of the toad being 
a venomous animal occurred in De- 
cember last. While shooting in the 
dark bosom of a wood, the busy ac- 
tions of a setter were observed to mdi- 
cate that a foreigner had taken shelter 
under the bottom of a bush. Our 
senses were excited and our arms 
brought to bear ready for the eager 
object of pursuit. Encouraged, the 
do^ speared. You, Sir Joseph, will 
easily conceive my disappointment, 
and the sudden terror, which I can 
neither account for, nor conquer, that 
seized me altogether. A great toad 
was struggling and suspended from his 
jaws. I fled 

Gelidusque tremor per ossa oucurrlt. 

In a few minutes, Nick, my compa- 
nion, followed, somewhat dismayed, 
his ears drooping, his tail pendant, 
foaming. He soon recovered, and no 
bad consequence ensued. Upon in- 
quiry, I found this very commonly hap- 
rns to the dogs of wood-men, tnough 
never heard of one being affected 
longer or in a different manner. 

I am. Sir Joseph, with many thanks 
for your extremely interesting and very 
/obliging communication, 

■^ Your most obedient Servant, 

SAMUi^L HOPKIMSOM. 



4. RiY. Sm, 

I HOPE yon wiU excute mt M^l 
have still some doubts of admittiag 
the accessary fact, for, so I mutt oeu 
the mischiefdetived from a wall which 
had been stained by toads^ as a repe- 
tition of the muhitude oC* aegateve 
proofs in favour of the innocence of 
an animid I have for so many ycito 
experitfiiced. I myself have seen the 
circumstance you mention, of a dtg 
foamhie at the mouth in conaeqacttte 
of his having seized a toad, hutj «■*! 
held the toad by a leg in my Ittod 
when the dog snapped at h, and did 
not let it drop, 1 saw, also, that it 
voided a larse quantity of the liquor 
a toad generally has within it, to ketp 
up, as 1 believe, the necessary moistiire 
of its parts. This fluid is very acid, 
but does not as far as I know produce 
any evil effect It has been shed in 
my hand very frequently withoirt the 
least injury^ The cases of both the 
dog you saw and of my dog, wero not 
followed with any disagreeable tpnp- 
toms af^er the foam ceased to flow, 
which in ray case soon happened. 
The dog hunted about with as much 
spirit as usual, eat heartily when he 
came home, and was in perfisct health 
from that time forward. 
, That Nature has provided mankind 
with an instinctive aversion to the 
toad I must also doubt. Instincts I 
believe to be generally bestowed on 
all individuals of the species to whom 
Nature has kindly imparted them, and 
to be guides much more unerring than 
the deductions of reason. 

In my own person I certainly never 
entertained the least fear of a toad, as 
the animal was presented to me when 
very young as an harmless creature, 
and 1 believe you will not find a single 
child who cries and shrinks from a 
toad, unless he has been taught to 
fear it. 

If you. Sir, could so far conquer the 
aversion you have imbibed for this 
harmless reptile, as to cause one to 
be put into a cage, if properly pro- 
vided with a damp corner fined with 
mat and properly kept clean, it ^ill 
live happily arid comfortably a long 
time. Feed it once a day with earth 
worms, maggots, or flies, of all which 
it is very fond. I conceive that the 
workings of your reason would soon 
gain a victory over your prejudice, if 
you could conouer your first disgust, 
*nd look at ine animal with ■ any 

kind 



Mr. Couing^ov lAo bm *o tUr 



M toolmcd to the «)Hoioo, 'iuH . u WW 
Wed at ibecoMoadBa oflM BoiuRfa* 

ftfft jOM Hmc. made ne of Msding aad I lUnk h i* aun duB prohsbk 

.IfftPOMfiqC fwaemBfHMaiiXi of the it wm formerly ialhejoHtiiitow rf<t 

fRKt LAntUHiB, D^er made paiiUa. lonMaum Ou^nal Wiobc^ . 

r-wiU not howW« trjUblB jM on YouMtc W. Q. Gitto*WTML 

Aat Ivad. I tfvpeet Ok. sesenF sr ^-,, 

An antt . boUiiwt, (ritb mora vun .. — ^- ■ - , _ 

.SwiS^aidog.. fo tht exta«« be- , W'-^*"., Afr ».■ 

l»^ WlencB W duived intm hU ap- 'ITARIOUS ComtpondqUi hav^ 

^icatioD and logical arrangeraent of T forwaBj yean pa»t(«»«i before 

aniclea, which, till his day, were aj- the commencemeat of the present 

moat lost and confounded in their century), been coatribntine towards 

iacreasiog numbers. Without an reoderuig the Gentleman's Magazine 

accurate Brrangeinent, how can man a sort of continuation of the late Rev, 

hope to succeed in making a catalogue Gilbert White's (in his mcellent 

of the infinitely interesting works of "History of Shelbome'') intraesting 

his Creator! I know, however, from account of the Hiroitdo»pecie«. 

having seen a great deal of the manu- Allow me, then, to record in your 

acripts' he left behind him, that lie valuable Reposilow the extraordinaiy 

•eldom, if ever, detained from his circumstance of Honse-MErnins and 



any thinglikelylobewelcoine, , _ _ . „ , 

•nd prodiictiTt to either of them by Oiminished in number, fewer having 

pubhcatiei. appeared in the two years last f)asi, 

I beg, Sir, you will believe me your and in the present, than used to pte- 

very faithful and humble Servant, sent themselves to our view. 

JosBFH Bakks. I State the fact without attempting 

■ ■ ^ ,to offer any conjecijires on what may 

., ,, ^ - . , _ , be the cause of it, contiderine it to be 

Mr. Urbah, Ip,w,ch, Jul;, Q. ^ ineTplicableas that which four cor- 

J HAVE lately discovered, amongst responding ornitbologista have dis- 

some very old family linen, an cussed respecting the winter residence 

exceedingly line damask napkin, most of tbesa birds. 

beautirulTy woven with the Arms of ^^ Qld Oi 
King Henry VII ; the shield if — 



compassed by the garter, and sur- • In bb Work, ktaly pnbiulied, oitUlgd 

-nioiuited by au arched diadem or « Plant, elevation), Bectioiis, and dsttili 

crown on a seven barred helmet, hav- of Kin^; Htary the Seveotb') Chapel m 

ing the winged dragon and the grey- Weitmimter," -., ' ■ 

iiound for supporters. OwBii'a 



16 



AceoMMi of MirnmnmihMhne m 1002. 



tJoSy, 



0WEV*S ACCOUHT OF Walbs, iGOf . 

HAVING been indulged hj a Taln- 
able Correspondent with the 
use of an unpublished Tolnme com- 
piled by G. Owen» in 1602, showiikg 
the state of Wales at that period, we 



miks according to the scale of Maaier 

Sozfeoa's noapt. 
First coUeeted ^ George Owcd, of 

HenlhrsB, in Pembrokeshire, Esq. A.D. 

1602/ 
MONMOUTHSHIRE hath in it«s 
Chief Lordships, 13. — BereaTCtuiy, 



till the whole IS publwhed. TThey jie»T»rt. Wenlfe, Caedin. TWen^ 



County History, now in course of 
publication in our Magazine. — Edit. 

WALES. 

The number of the Hundreds, 
Castles, PSirish Churches, and Fairs ; 
toeether with the names of all the 
chief Lordships, Market-towns, Fo- 
rests and great woods. Deer-parks, 
Ports, Havens, chief Mountains and 
Hills, notable Rivers, Monasteries, 
Priories, Frieries, and Nunneries, in 
all the shires of Wales. 

And also the names of divers the 
chief gentlemen of every of the said 
shires, and the names of their wives 
and dwelling places. 



With brief notes of the nature of Romney. 



White Castle. 

Marhei-iowHs, 9. — ^MonoMMith, Ber« 
gavenny,Ne wport,Usk, Cacrlin, Chep- 
stowe, Kaglan, Grismond, M^;ou. 

Forests and great Woods, 5. — Gris- 
mond, Wyeswcwd, Monk wood, Wciit»- 
worth, Earleswood. 

Parhsy 7- — Llandillo, Craadaw, 
Raglan, 2, 3, 4, lonygrocs, St. Julians^ 
Gwemycleppe, Machcn. 

Pdris and Havens, S. — Chepstowe, 
Newport. 

Chirf Mountms and Hiils, 4. — 
Shyrrid Maur, Bloreos, Tombariom, 
Thoiton Beacon. 

Chief Rirers, 9. —Wye, Usk, Mod, 
Trothy, Cefney, Ebwith, Aran« Olwy, 



the soil, quality of the people, and 
government in every shire; and tlie 
present state of the chiefest towns. 

Lastly; the length, breadth, and a 
near guess of the contents and bigness 
of every shire, reduced into square 

Genefostm 
Edward Comes Wigofn. 
Thomas Moregaa. 
Matthew Herbert. 
Edward Moregan. 
Roland Morgan. 

Bilingsley. 



Harry Morgan. 
Edward Kemmes. 
William Morgan, 
Harry Lewu. 
John Juhnes. 

Geinfbrd. 

Thomas Morgan. 

WeUlu 

Matt. Pritchard. 

Morgan. 

Rowling. 



Raglan. 

Tredegar, Machan. 

Colebrod. 

Lanteman. 

Beetwclthy. 

Fenhow. 

Penloynsarple. 

Kernes. 

The Friers. 

Matham. 

TreOwen. 

Laavair. 

LAnwem. 

Lanover. 

Wemcleppa. 

Laziwarrow. 

St. Peers. 
I Bergavenny. 
i Bergavenny. 



Monasteries, 5. — Tintem, Lantonyy 
Lantamam, Goldcliff, Crasdwj. 

Priories, 4. — ^Bergaveimy, Newport^ 
Chepstowe, Monmouth. 

I^unneries, 2. — ^U^, St John in 
Bergaveimy. 

Fil. com. Hantinedoo. 

rd. 



Harry Lewis. 
William Baker. 
David Morgan. 

Patria. — Soii. Very fertile, and veiy 
foul ways. — People. Well goyemecf, 
but many thefts, too common in most 

parts. 

Toifffu.— Monmouth, an indifferent 
good town. Abergavenny, fine town, 
wealthy and thriving, the very best in 
the shire. Chepstowe, a little town, 
iodiflferent good 5 other towns decayed. 



Anne fiL Math. Hcrfaeit. 
Fd Soiyth. 



Fd. Welsh de 

Fd. Edis. Lews de V) 

Joan, fil. Roger Vaogh*. 

Anne DorriagloB. 

Fd. Joseph! Price, Mnitis. 



Fil. Henrid Herbert. 



Soror Doctor. Lewis. 

Maria, duL of Jos. Perroft, Mil. 

Monmouthshire, from the Wye at 
Tintem, to Rnmncy Risins, is 80 
miles long; and from theFallof Usk, 
to Grismond, 19§ miles. 

Containeth square miles 351. 

* See oar Compendinm of the Hislory of 
Monmonthshirey now conndered as la Kn* 
glish County, vol« uzzviu. iL p. SO] . 

Mr. 



1823.] 



^eemuit of Navalock Parith, in Eitei. 

winl« eiUbliihed iheiDKlvei ai 



inE 






tbeir poaaeision. 

SrEdward \ValJegra>'e (^escemle 
from a family originally rosident at 
and giving name lo the parish of Wal 
degtmwe, in NorthampUHuhkre, aftei 

Geht. Mav. Jiilgi 1«9S. '. 

3 



._ .n ihe houschitd 

.«f PhnceaaMinrrMrfifequentlf Quren 
of Huglanil, ana thcKlbre naa deemed 
a proper persoii wiih Sir Robert Ro- 
.cheSter, hi* uncle, and Sir Francis 
En^efid3, to be employed by King 
■ :&livvd the Sixth and hii oooncil, in 
forbidding Mau in the hotue of ttfe 
■aid ladjr, which. at that time vn 
Cnpt Hall, near EppinRl and thae 
'.^ntlemen, for iheir failure herein, 
jncuricd tlie King*! displeasure to such 
a degree, that he ccimmiltcdihcm in the 
£nt iiMlance to the Fleet Prison, and 
.ihence lemored thcoi to the Tower of 
London I but upon the King's death 
in Jnlj fith, 1553, tliey rmc to the 
highest favor with Queen .M^ry, more 
specially Sir Edwjnl Waldegrat-e, 
whom ane admitted into her Prirj 
-Council, conatituling him Mailer of 
the Gnat Wardrobe, with a grant of 
-the maoor of Navcslock, ofChcwton, 
in Soioenetihire, and of Hei-er Cob- 
ham, in Kmit.' On the day following 
her Conmitioa, he was made a Knight 
of the' £afpc|-| in April lSn4'w3i 
appoimed one of the Commissionert 
tn the tnal' of Sir Nicholas Throck- 
morton, who was cliarged ns an ac> 
complice Jn-Wjatl's Kebellifin. He 
represented SomersL'tiihirc with !>ir 
;fohn Sydeaham, Knt. in 1554; and 
in the Parliament which assembled at 
Westminster, on January aotb, 1557. 
and' continued its sittings until the 
demise of the Queen, svas eleutad 
one of ihe Members of ilic County 
of Essex ; in whicli last year he was 
appointed by the sumu Sovereign, 
Chancellor of the Ducbv of Lancaster, 
aiKl also to the othce of Licuicnant of 
Waltliatn, or Enpiiig Forest. In 1558 



he I 



:lved J 



junction with other Privy Counsellors, 
to dispose of the church lands then 
Tested in the crown. Tliese were his 
rewards of fidelity to a Queen, tc) 
whum he had long dei;ottd himself 
both in prosperity and in adversity ; 
but upon tile accession of Klizabetli, 
he was diverted of all his employ- 
ments, and couunitled, as before, a 
prisoner to the Tower, where he re- 
uaeined up to ilic tune of his death, on 
the first of September IdSl, aged 44 
years. The reverse of policy and reli- 
gion pursued 1^-tlic Uvo Siiteri, ob- 



18 Account of Navestock Parish, in Essex, [July^ 

tained for him accumulated faTOurs eenrutt of that excellent Prince King 

from the one, and the heaviest penal- Geoi»e the Second, both by him created 

ties from the other. His remains Knighu of the most noble order of the 

were interred within Borle^ Church, Garter. 

as were also those of his wife, Frances, " James, the Father, was employed ia 

daughter of Sir Edward Neville, Knt. Foreip Embassies to the Courts of Vienn» 

of Aldington Park, in Kent, third son «»d Versailles by Gcoree the First, and by 

of George Baron Abergavenny, 1 476, X*°'^® u ^"^"^ , ^« ^^ ^*» Court and 

with their third daughter, Magdalene, C°"f 7 t""""" t° '^"''."? ^^ T J^ 

married to Sir John Southcote, Knt. '.^!^^^^ '"j^'T" ^"^ ?'^''''^'Tr^''^l? 

«r W7UU ^« T7cco« * known. In his private capacity, the affiibi- 

of Witham, CO. Essex. ♦ ,. ^^ benevolence of hUduiosition, and 

His descendant. Sir Henry, the ^^e goodness of his understanding, Lade 
heir apparent of Sir Charles, by Helen, him beloved and esteemed throughout his 
daughter of Sir Francis Englefield, of life. The antiquity of his Ulustriout and 
Englefield, Bart, was born in I659, noble family is equal to that of moet that 
and in 1685 was created by James II. may be named in any countiy or time, and 
Baron Waldegrave, of Chewton ; in needs not to be here recited. 
1686 Comptroller of the Household ; "He died of the dropsy and javndice on 
and in I687 Lord Lieutenant of Salop, the l ith of April 1741, aged 67. 
Being of the same religion and marry- '< His eldest son, James, before mention- 
ing th& natural daughter of that ill- «d, (and also interred within this vault) died 
fated monarch, by Arabella Churchill, of the small pox, on the 8th of April 176S, 
sister of John, the celebrated Duke of *S®*^ ^^' 

Marlborough, he became the zealous '* These were his years in number, what 

partizan of all the violent and arbitrary they were m wisdom hardly belongs to time 5 

measures of his father-in-laVs inaus- the universal respect paid to him while he 

picious reign, insomuch that, when ^f «^» «>«* the universal lamentation at his 

the Revolution of 1688 took place, it ^^*^' '^^ •'"?[« testimonies of a character 

became advisable to withdraw to Paris, «ot easily to be parallded He wa. for 

where he died the year following! "fT^l^c who wT"! t^^^^^ 

1689 Navestock Hall was erected by „ever that King's minister, though a m^an 

his eldest son and successor, James the of business, knowledge, and learning, be- 

iirst Earl of Waldegrave; and after yond most of his contemporaries. But 

being for many years the constant re- ambition visited him not, and contentment 

sidence of his posterity, was pulled filled his hours. Appealed to for his arbi- 

down by the present Earl, and the tration by various contending parties in th« 

materials sold by public auction in the State, upon the highest ^fferences, hif 

month of March 1811. judgment always tempered their dissentionsy 

The Church (a view of which from ^bile his own principles, which were tht 

the N. E. is hereto annexed, see Plate ^*?«^T °^ *^® "^^l^' ""i*^ maintenance 

//.; is dedicated to St. Thomas, and of the laws, remamedsteadfiist and unshaken, 

consists of a body and South aisle, and *?^ '•!t;!^"T' T""^^' "^^t ^T 

^ ,1 -KT _u f e ' • cised through a long series of stnureles 

to the North a cfoor of curious antique ^^at served « foils tS his disinterested vir- 

Saxon workmanship 5 the belfry is ^^e. The constancy and firmness of hU 

small and of wood, as the spire (in mind were proof against every trial but the 

common with most of those in this distresses of mankind, and therem he was 

county) is likewise. as a rock with many sprinss, and his gene- 

A mural monument of considerable rosity was as the water that flows from it, 

height, upon the North side of the uourishmg the plams beneath. He was 

Chancel, has the following Inscrip- wise in the first degree of wisdom, master 

tion, written by her late Royal High- of a powerful and delicate wit, had a ready 

ness Maria Duchess of Gloucester, conception and as quick parts as any man 

and Countess Dowager of Waldegrave. t^ ^^" lived, yet never lost his wisdom m 

*^ - ^ bis wit, nor his coolness by provocation; 

" Under this monument are the remains he smiled at things that drive other m«n to 

of the two first Earls of Waldemve, Father anger. He was a stranger to resentment, 

and Son, both of the name of James, both not to hijuries ; those feared him most that 

" — — — loved him, but he was revered by all ; for 

* For further particulars of him see he was as true a (riend as ever bore that 

** Morant*s History of Esseic," vol. II. p. name, and as generous an enemy as ever 

SI 8, or the 8vo. edit. vol. IV. p. 46. In bad man tried. He was in all things vmdis- 

the church of Borley is a sumptiwus no- turbed, modest, placid, and humane; to 

sumcnt to the memory of himself and wife, him, broad day-light and the commerce dT 

the 



UHSL} AmMcf Nimea^ PmM, m Emr. 1» 

^hMwoAi wtn mmty m ihtvif^'md MooIm eoMMnM «m1 toil hii fiik B^ 

nH^ttdei to bin, lim mm t£ Mg^.md watatketidbvdMChBtnaoflikdbfaiMi* 

••tttiiie matnk h^^rt/m. been theiMMOii of for a lenrico dwimoJing talent* ioinqplditiry - 

the best TofloeCioBi to hiaiy Ak now 4eop uul oddrott* wbiqK W oonpUteljr Meon« 

ni^ musty tboveli ^ merito of >» B*- pUshed. This nobU ]pooib bad MaMthr bt- 

deomer Jesnp! Clinst> be overlaeting peace gon to dit^y tboee viitaes and abUitleo 

wbd'Joj. which engi^^ die attaithnjant of aU &ia 

■< iDnitbt thjr sfuig ii to the liTing ! comradet in annsy wlien, being sldpwredceii. 

O OiBFfe ! thy victory it over tiie an1iaried» off Fafanonthy in returning mm Corannot 

the w£fii» ^ diiSdf ibe friend that ia left he was called, we hamUyhope, to excbaa^ 

bAind. earthly bononr for a crown of immottaUty, 

««TfaQS8aith the Widow of this ineom- tbrough Je«i8 Christ onr Lord." 

pamble many his onoe most hamy wife ; Ou the other side of the Soulhem 

mow file IUd]lal remembraneer of all hta window : " 

wutaesyMvm Coontess Dowager WaMe- u'T^m monument is erected by Captiibi^ 

gwr^fdioasgybee this tablet to h» per- j^^^ gj,^,^^ j^ ^^j^ of iiTj^; 

pen»i jamofy.. aflection and gratitude to tke memory ofi 

The noble £aii whose character is Hsnhy Srbfpibld, of London, merchant^ 

ddineatJad ia 'the warm panegyrical his dntifnl and affectionate son, who d^ 

language of the above epitaph, was p«ftedthtslifetheflthdayofAngast 1W8, 

ijofenm of oar late revered Sovereign ■* Canton, b Chn», and lyes tbnre hi- 

Gtoge lir. when Prince of Wales, Jf^' ^»? «^^ "5* ^T ^^"^ 

and Sathor of "Historical Memoirs, 5««toii, m ti^ ••''^ 

from 1754 u>. 17571'' a work of verv £j^^Ltrto'tr§h3^^^^ 

coBfldCTtbje ^iiftcrest and ment, and j^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ » ^ 

fiwt pobhshed in 1821. «Near this pkoe lyeth Mary, (mother of 

jOn the same side of the chancel, the above-named HenrrShcffie^) mat .84^. 

bot neater to the idtar, is another ma- Obiit dedmo sexto £e Novembris, anna, 

id tablet, on which, is thelbllowing. domui 1794." 

**1} O M On the Northern side, of the chaoK. 

-^Hic i«oniescit ninst^'mia Domina cd, is theameteiyof the Waldegmvc. 

Henrietta iTaldegrave, Henrici Baronb de f*?»'^ » "^^ ^!<^« ^« n«^^« membw 

Waldegrave uxor dilecU, filia Regis Jacobi ^^^^ already recited, the following have 

IL, et Nobnissimae Domina Arabellae Chur- been interred within its walls, but no. 

ehUl : soror Prmcipis potentlssimi Duds tablet has hitherto been placed in this . 

de Berwick; hand nstalium splendore ma- church to their memories : 

gis quam onmibus virtutibus, animi corpo- "John, the third Earl of Waldegrave, 

risque dotibus ornata. Obiit die Stio April. General in the army ; Colonel of the Cold- 

anno Domini 1 730, atat. 63.- ^Felici me- stream regiment of Foot Guards ; Governor 

rooriae sacrum posuit Jacobus Comes, Vice- of Plymouth, and Lord Deutenant of Essex ; 

Comes,^etBarode Waldegrave, filiuscbaris- buried October 29th, 1784. And Eliza- 

simns. beth, his wife, daughter of Earl Gower, and 

On the summit is an urn, and at sister of Granville first Marquis of Stafford, 

the base the Arms of Waldegrave in K. G. May the 5th, in the same year, 

a lozenge, impaled with the Royal Also two of their daughters. Ladies Amelia 

Anns of King James II. ^^ Frances; both died in June 1768. 

.. ** Lady Charlotte Waldegrave, second 

Nearly opposite to the first of these and 'posthumous daughter of George the 

is a beautiful monument executed by fourth Earl, and Lady Elizabeth Laura, his 

Bacon, and erected iu Sept. 1812. wife, eldest daughter of James the second 

It represents a Mother weeping over Earl, K. G. and her Royal Highness the 

the canteen of her Son, shipwrecked Duchess of Gloucester, here interred on 

on the shore, with his name attached January 23, 1790. 

to it 5 at the top, a Boy placed oa a "Maria, daughter of Admiral the Ho- 

rock, and gradually unfurling the "ourable William Waldegrave [now Lord 

British Standard, and underneath : ^/JS^.'^ ^""'^ Deceml^r 4th, 1791. 

** William-Arthur, an infant son of John- 

** In memory of the Honourable Edward James the sixth and present Earl, on May 

Waldemve, third son of George fourth 6th, 1821. 

Earl of Waldegrave, Lieutenant of the 7th « Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Car- 
Light Dragoons; born August 28, 1787, — — — 

died January 22, 1809. He greatly dis- * The General of his division was the 

tingnished himself in Uie British Army in present Marquis gf Anglesea, K. G. . then 

Spain, in the campaign in which Sir John I^rd Paget. 

d'lgan, 



W Account^ of Navestock Parkh.-^Dr. HaslanCi Work, [Joly^ 

digM, eUest daughter of John third Earl Mr. Urbamt, Enfield, Jufy g, " 

of Waldegrave, and widow of James fifth | HAVE lately perused with much 

EarlofCardigan, buried July 1st, 1823." I satisfaction an ingenious work 

Besides the capital manor of Naves- by John Haslam, M.D. late of Pem- 

tocky there are likewise two subor- broke Hall, Carabridee ; formerly Pre- 

dinate ones. Boys Hall stands a mile sident of the Royal Medical, Natural 

East of the church. The first mention History, and Chemical Societiei of 

we find of it was in the reisn of Henry Edinburgh. It is intituled "Sound 

VIII. Andrew Prior held it of the Mind, or Contributions to the Natu*. 

Dean and Canons of St. Paul's, Lon- ral History and Physiology of the Ha- 

don, as of their Prebend of Navestock, man Intellect." 

by fealty and yearly rent of 17s. In Dr. Haslam^s former publications. 

1365 William Tusser and Charles on the Aberrations of Human Intel- 

Belfield conveyed it by indenture to lect, have placed him high in the esti- 

John Greene, Esq. descended frooi mation of the medical publick; and 

the ancient family of the Greene's, of his present Work will, I have no 

Greens Norton, in Northamptonshire, doubt, extend his reputation. In this, 

ancestor of John Greene, Esq. edu- an attentive and philosophical reader 

cated at St. John's College, Cam- will find much to exercise his think- 

bridge ; chosen Recorder of London in ing and reasoning faculties ; and will. 

March l6.'>S| and father of John Greene, agree with the Doctor in the fine sen-- 

Esq. Serjeant at Law, Oct. 1st, 1 700, timent with which he concludes hit 

who died December 12, 1755, aged Essay : 

^ ' • '* When we consider the attributes of the 
On the death of John Greene, of Deity, and the nature of man, we can never 
Lincoln's Inn, Esq. who died I4th be induced to conclude that the tribunab of 
January 1752, this manor was be- this world are the courts of final retribution., 
queathed to his kinsman, Maurice Man bears in his intellcctnal construction 
Greene, Doctor of Music, of whom the badge of moral responsibility, and con- 
it was purchased by James the second sequently the germ of future existence; and 
E'jrl of Waldeo-rave. ^^® ®°^y incentive tliat can urge him to the 
' Lost Hall was in * John Sedley, Esq. a^vaucement of science, and the practice of 
who died 12th Aug. 1581. In l654 it ^'^/f; ".'^^ '^"^'"^ '^*' Revelation haa 
was purchased of Sir Wm. Sedley, Bart. *»»^°^^«^- 

of Northfleet, Kent, by John Greene, At a future period, I may perhapt 
Esq. and was sold with the former, to offer some remarks on the more inte- 
the same proprietor. Slades (which is resting parts of Dr. Haslam's truly in- 
only a reputed manor,) was in Henry genious publication. At present 1 will 
Torrell, and at his death on January confine myself to the less important 
7th, 1525, he held it of the Dean and consideration of what he somewhat 
Chapter of St. Paul's ; afterwards, ungraciously designates '* the dullness 
Humphrey, his son, on his decease, and drudgery of verbal criticism." I 
which happened Sept. 12th, 1544, say uno;iaciously, because in the course 
held it of Kins Henry VIH. in whose of his Disquisitions, Dr. H. has evinc- 
hands the lordship of Navestock then ed talents well calculated to rescue the 
was. The Howland family arc the study of etymolosy and philology from 
next proprietors of it on record; tiiey the charge of dullness, 
resided at Stone Hall, in Little Can- At page 63, he observes, 
field, Essex ;butit has passed with the "Considering the history of our own 
others; and thus the best and chief language, and the nature of iu coraposi- 
part of the parish is now appertaining tion, we are enabled satisfiwstorily to invei- 
to the Earl of Waldegrave. tigate not only the primitive sense of our 
Trinity College, Oxford, has been terms, but likewise their exact stgnifica'- 
fbr some years in possession of the tion, in the languages from whence we im- 
ereat tythes, and make; the Vicar ported them: for there still remain siiffi- 
lessee of the same, who pays to the ^'^^^^ authentic materials in our Saxoo and 
College a small quit-rent, and a fine Norman records to verify their original 
certain of 60/. per annum. meaning. If we enquire into the causes 
The Dean and Chapter of St. PauFs I'^^^^™^ ^P^"?^^ ^^ deflect these terma 
induct the Vicar whom^rinity College [irit^'^i^'T^n:!;;^^^^^^^^^ 
presents. t w 17 corruption; and this infirmity appears to 
lours, «c. JiJi. r. ^aye pervaded most of the languag^es of 

those 



182X]I On the had Ompoiitlon of Paper, $1 

thoM nationt whidx havt produced po«t^ an equally correct and antient mean. 

oraton« and metaphysicUiM." in^, viz. that of the Latin word itn 

la a note, the Doctor continues, gmno, to defile, pollute, corrunt, be* 
"To afford a single illustration of thia ^^^^» ot disgrace. 
hcty let the v^b to hewray be selectedt '^^ word to which I allude is ht'* 

which, although a word of very diilbreiit wraie, a noun substantive, evidently 

meaning, has been oenfouoded with to le^ form^ from hewray, which was an- 

tray, TTie meaning <tf the former is to tiently med also in the senses just 

discovery expose, and is derived from a Saxon named. 

verb bearing that senses the latter Dr. Leofwine having roused and re- 
Johnson has derived from the French tra. preached the soldflrs of his brother 
Jar, and has ated some instance, as autho- ft^rold for their beastly drunkenness 

nties for its perverted sense. It is but jus- „„j i- ^r i • j "'""«^«j""cm 

tice to obserW, that these words preserve ^nd disgraceful misconduct on the 

their distinct and separate sense m all the ^}^^^ preceding the battle of Hastmgsj 

instances where they have been employed, ^n^y are compared to a jpack of hounds 

both in Shakspeare and the Bible., It may *"^' have just recovered the scent, — 

therefore be inferred to have been a recent ** So styrrd the valiante Ssocons everycH 
comiption." one; [stoode. 

It is worthy of observation, that in §P°f * lii»ked man to man the champyones 

Mr. Southe/s edition of Chatterton's ^° tone for their fcarflte.'* 
Miscellanies, the extraordinary Youth That is, to atone for their previous 

(who, as Mr. Warton very happily ^o"! disgrace, and not for their treach* 

expressed it, was born an Ancient^ had ^y> ^s it has been rendered by Dr. 

the consummate art, experience, and MiHes and Mr. Southey. ♦** 

judgment, to confine the same phrase ^ 

in all its various. inflections ana parts Mr. Urban Stranraer, N, B, 
of speech to its just and genuine origi- ' * July 4, 

nal meaning. Thus, in the Battle of f APPRECIATE the honour yoii 

Hastings, ii. 1. 647, — -* ^^^^ done me, in the insertion of 

"Campynon, is it thee I see ? ^y remarks on the " Mermaid,*' by 

Tliee ? who dydst actes of glorie, so heivryen, ^^J ^^ ^^V^Y ^ yo^r anonymous Cor- 

Now poorlie come to hyde thieselfe bie respondent. 

mee." Allow me to call the attention of 

Again, in the tragical interlude of yo«r waders to the present state of that 

Ellari. 485 — wretched compound called Paper. 

« T?r* 1 \ I. II Every printer will corroborate my testi- 

• Hte . '^ '" *°^ ^° ™°"yt5 and I am only astonish.^ that 

Thanne to the'souldver. itll thou wylte ie- {*** 'n'^restini question has been so 

wem*." long neglected and forgotten. Itwa 

duty, however, of the most imperative 

'•Eft .oones I wylla bewryne [i. e. di.pl,y] description ;-our beautiful Religion, 

mie ragefulle Ire, ""' Literature, our Science, all are 

And Goddi* Aniace wielde to furie dyre." threatened. 

Trag. of Goddieyn, 72. livery person in the ha'jit of writing 
It would be trespassing too much, {f""" on "Bath wove Post,'' must 
Mr. Urban, upon yiur valuable pages T- '«^^'> «?"""« °f ^^at I corn- 
were I to quote all the 20 or morris- P'^'?-, . ^pec-mens there are, that be- 
sages Ln which this phrase occurs in i"|^f°'t? "P' T 1 h ^^' ?^ 
the sense of disclose' or display, and ft u' fi i-^'V"' '''* Y^^ Y^ 
never in that of lelray. But theU are "• ** ^'^' <J'smtegrate and tumble to 

not the only instances of his skill and " t u i i. p . . 

judgment -/for if Dr. H. should think ,,1^/''^ '^^" '""^'^ ,^^; f ^^^"^ ^^tc 

Tt w^orth while to examine all the pas- ^^re^dy become a carte h lanche. _One 

sages, he will find one in vvhich a kin- f We insert this letter of our ingenious 

dred word occurs in a different but Correspondent with much pleasure, as we 

— —; — — s '■ can from sad experience confirm the truth 

• i. e. Thy Cowardice wUl be displayed of bis assertions; and we are not without a 

or discovered, from wray, to discover; for Tiope of his hints producbg some beneficial 

which an authority is aflForded by George results. It is notorious that the great mass 

Gascoigne's "Goodlie Ende." "These of printing papers are now made of cotton, 

following words my testament do wray,**—- rags ; and that to produce a better colour, 

dodiseover; thou wilt be wreeh, thou wilt the pulp undergoes a chemical process, 

I?? discovered. which materially injures its durability.-EDiT. 

letter. 



32 On the bad CompoiUion of Paper. [Jaty# 

letter, which I forwarded by post, fell obtained. I am disposed to think that 

to pieces by the way, and I have no- nettles (urtica wens) would be an' 

ticed more than once a description of excellent substitute for linen raes, if 

writing-paper, that bein^ bent, snapp- linen cannot be obtained in sufficient 

ed like a bit of watch-spring, i have m quantity. In the North of Italy they 

my possession a large copy of the Bible manufacture a beautiful cloth from the 

printed at Oxford, I8I6 (never used), parenchematous fibre of the nettle, 
and issued by the British and Foreign Various have been the substitutes 

Bible Society, crumhling literally into for, and materials of, paper. The me^ 

du»t, 1 transmitted specimens of this dulla of the " cyperus papyrus," (not 

volume to the Lord Bishop of Glou- the epidermis of that plant, as has 

cester, and to Mr. Wilberforce. No been erroneously supposed) ; the bark 

doubt it must be difficult to legislate of trees, as of the " paper mulberry,*' 

on such a subject, but something must white cotton, silk, &c. have afforded, 

be done and that early. I have watch- materials for the pulp. The *' paper 

ed for some years the progress of the reeds*' are adverted to in holy writ ; 

evil, and have no hesitation in sajin^, and it has often occurred to me, that 

that if the same ratio of progression is the Wasp (" Vespa Vulgaris,'*) first 

maintained, a century more will not gave the important hint of our pre- 

witness the volumes printed within sent paper tissue to man. 
the last twenty years. MS. Records I have specimens of paper made 

are in the same fatal condition. from Amianthus (incombustible pa- 

Our typography does credit to this per), leather, (not parchment, &c.) 

** our dear, our native land,*' and the wood, straw, silk, &c. 
paper is apparently good. The ink. Having examined the paper taken 

nowever, betrays the wtal secret; there from the copy of the Bible, 18 16, and 

is the canker worm t the ink of our already mentioued as in a state of ruin, 

most brilliant specimens of modern by chemical re-agents, I presume leave 

typography, as those of Ballantine, to subjoin the results. 




ulmer^ 8cc, has already become hrown. To the tongue it presents a highly 

I now see clearly, that " Black letter*' astringent ana aluminous taste, 

books are so called by a just and pro- On a heated metallic disc the leaf 

per emphasis ; for those of moaern evolves a volatile acid, evincing whUe 

times are " brown letter'* volumes. vapours with ammonia. 

The causes of destruction are two- The paper is brittle as tinder, and of 

fold : the mateiiel, and the mode of a yellowisn tint. The ink is brown, 

bleaching the rags. Litmus paper was reddened in a so-* 

The use of co//o» rags was very hap- lution of the leaves in distilled water, 

pily superseded by those of linen, yet Hydriodate of potassa became green- 

I fear some manufacturers are not very ish yellow, from free sulphuric acid, 

scrupulous in the selection. or rather from the excess of that acid, 

Tne application of (juicklime to the obtaining in the sui>ersulphate of alu- 

rags, once prevalent m France, but mina(allum). 

very properly -subsequently interdicted, Osallate of ammonia gave the usual 

was a serious evil, for it actually de- indications of lime. 

composed the material. Are we en- Nitrate of silver exhibited the pre- 

tirely guiltless } Such a process must sence of muriatic acid, no doubt result- 

neeJs oisor^nize the fibre. ing from the chlorine employed in 

The Chinese dip their paper in whitening the rags or paper, 

alum water; it is thereby rendered Nitrate of baryta proved the pte- 

brittle. Alum is clearly indicated, sence of sulphuric acid, or of a sul- 

even to the taste, in the copy of the phate. 

sacred volume already referred to. The inference from these tests fol« 

I take it however, that the chief lows: 

causes of destruction consist in the Free muriatic acid (from the chlo-' 

employment of sulphate of lime, &c. rine). 

in the pulp, and bleaching the rags Sulphate of lime, 

previously, or the paper subsequently, Supersulphate of alumina, 

with oxyrauriatic acid gas (chlorine). This analysis has been submitted^ 

The tissue of paper will be more or the University of Oxford, through the 

less firm and permanent according to medium of a friend, 

the substance from which the pulp is Yours, &c. J. Murray. 

COM- 



1823.] Compendium of County HUiory-^Staffordihire. 23 

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY. 
STAFFORDSHIRE. 

** Where Hamps and Manifold, their cliffs among 
Each in his flinty channel, winds along ; 
With lucid lines the dusky moon divides. 
Hurrying to intermix their sister tides. 
Where still their silver bosom'd nymphs abhor 

The blood-smear'd mansion of gigantic Thor. 

« • « « « 

Three thousand steps in sparry clefts they stray. 
Or seek, through sullen mines their gloomy way. 
On beds of lava, sleep in coral cells. 
Or sigh o'er jasper fish, and agate shells. 
Till where fiim'd Ham leads his boiling floods, 
Through flowery meadows, and impending woods. 

In playful groups by towering Thorp they move. 

Bound o'er the foaming wears, and rush into the Dove." ^DiRWJir* 

SITUATION AND EXTENT. 

Boundaries^ North, Cheshire: East, Derbyshire: South, Worcestershire and 

Warwickshire: West, Shropshire. 
Greatest length 62 ; greatest breadth 38 ; circumference, 180 ; square 1220 miles. 
Province, Canterbury ; Diocese, Lichfield and Coventry ; Circuit, Oxford. 

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. 

British Inhabitants, the Ordivices j afterwards the Comavii and Brigantes. 

Roman Province, Flavia Caesariensis. Stations, Etocetum, Wall j Pennocru- 
ciura, Penkridge ; Uficonium, Uttoxeter. ^ 

Saxon Heptarchy, Mercia. 

j4ntiquities, Druidical Remains, Cannock (several large single stones mark 
the spot as having been one of their residences) ; Druid Heath, near Barr 
Beacon (the seat of the Arch-Druid. Near this place was the summer and 
winter seats of the Arch-Druid); W^etton. British Encampments, Billington; 
Castle-hill, near Beaudesert Roman Earthwork, Morton. Roman Encamp* 
ments, Arleywood; Ashton Heath; Ashwood Heath; Kinver; Oldburyt 
Shareshill, 2 ; Teddesley Park ; Wolverhampton church-yard. Roman 
Temples, Eccleshall ; Wall. Saxon Encampments, Bury Bank, near Stone i 
Bunbury ; Kinver, (the work of Wulf here, king of Mercia). Saxon Earth' 
work, at Byreh, near Maer, erected by Kenred, in 705, in opposition to Osrid. 
Danish Earthwork, King*s-standing, Sutton Coldfield, (thrown up about 9 10 at 
the battles of Tettenhall and Wednesfield). Abbeys oi^MxXon (founded 1004, 
by Ulfricus Spot, Earl of Mercia) ; Chotes (cell to Aunay Abbey, in Nor- 
mandy, removed to Croxden); Croxden r founded in 1170, byBertrandde 
Yerdon) ; Dieulacres (founded by Ranuiph Earl of Chester, in 1220); 
Hanbury (of which St. Werburgh was Aboess) ; Hilton (founded in 1223, 
by Henry de Audley) ; and Radmore (founded in 1 134, removed to Stonely, co. 
Warwick). Priories of Calwich (founded before 1148, bjr Nicholas de 
Greselei Fitz-Nigel) ; Canwell (founded in 1 142, by Geva Ridel, daughter 
of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester) j Dudley (founded in 1 155, by Gervase 
Paganei, last Baron of Dudley, of that name) ; Lapley (founded by Algar, a 
noble Saxon, in 1 14(), cell to the Abbey at Rheims) ; Lichfield (founded by 
Roger de Clinton, who was Bishop of LichBeld in 11 29) ; Ranton (founded 
by Robert Fitz-Noel, in UpO); Rowcester (founded by Richard Bacon, in 
1140); Saudwell (fdunded m 1155, by William, son ofGuyde Ophen.i); 
Stafford (founded about 1180, by Kichard Pecbe, Bishop of Lichfield) ; 
Stone (founded by Robert Lord Stafford, in 1 100 ; ^rts of the building form 
the foundation of the presentparsonage-house) ; Thomas, St. (founded by 
Gerard de Stafford, in 1 162) ; Trentham (founded by Robert Earl of Chester, 
in 1218)^Tutbury (founded byHenryde Ferrers, in 108l}f and Wolverhampton 

(founded 



£4 Cbmpehdium of County Hutory-^Staffordshire. I July, 

(founded by Wulfrena, relict of Aldhelm, Duke of Northampton, in 996). 
Nunneries of Blithbury (founded by Hugh Mavesyn) j Breewood, or Black 
Ladies (founded by Isabel Launder) ; Carswall Castle (created into a Nun- 
nery in 1811, by some French emigrant Nuns, who first settled at Preston, 
CO. Lancashire); Fairwell (founded by Bishop Clinton, in 1140); Stone 
(founded by Ermenilda, wife of King Wulthere, afterwards a Priory); 
Tamworth (on the site of which the church now stands) ; and White Ladies 
(founded in i\g5, by Hubert Walter). CAwrcAe* of Audley; Barton (built 
twentieth Henry Vlll. by John Taylor); Burslem; Byshbury; Carswall; 
Checkley ; Colwich ; Clifton Camville (the spire one of the finest in the 
kingdom); Draycotc; Elford; Gay ton ; • Gnosal (Saxon style); Kinver (very 
ancient) ; Lichfield, St. Chad's (supposed to have been erected by the Ro- 
mans), St. Mary's (founded in 855); Madely; Mavesine-Ridware ; Muck- 
LESTON (lofty tower) ; Pipe-Ridware ; Rushall j Sandon ; Stafford, St. 
Mary*s (early style of Pointed architecture) St. Chad's (very ancient); 
Stoke (of the Saxon style) ; Tettenhall (handsome) ; Trysail (on the Tower 
is sculptured the figure of a Bishop) ; Wednesbury ; and Woistanton. Chapels 
of Ammgton (in ruins) ; Aston, Little; Burston (founded by Ermenilda, the 
foundress of Stone Nunnery) ; Burton (erected by Edward II. in memory of 
his victory over the Earl of Lancaster at this place) ; Cient (on the scite of 
the place where the body of St. Kenelm was buried, very ancient Saxon) ; 
Fazeley (long gone to decay'^ ; Kinver (erected by the Hampton's, temp. 

' Edward ill.) ; Packington (long dilapidated) ; Spittal, Tamworth (con- 
verted into a barn) ; and Stony well (built by Bishop Stonjrwell). Fonis of 
Ashley; Lichfield, St. Chad's; Pipe-Ridware (sculptured with circles inters 
laced) ; Norton-under-Cannock ; Stafibrd, St. Mary's ; Tettenhall (beautifully 
ornamented) ; and Wolverhampton (sculptured with numerous figures). Stone 
Pulpit of Wolverhampton (peculiarly beautiful). Castles of Alvetou (built 
by Theob. de Verdon, in 1300, destroyed in the civil wars) ; Audley (no 

- remains); Bonebury (built by Ceolrid, King of Mercia, in 716); Burgh, 
Maer (composed of a double trench and rampire, supposed to have been built 
by Kenrid, King of Mercia); Burton (built by Henry de Ferrers in IO7O) ; 
Cfannock (the occasional residence of the 1st Kin^ of the Norman race) ; 
Carswall (built by Sir William de Carswall temp. Edward II. at present a 
Nunnery) ; Chartley (built by Richard de Blondeville, Earl of Chester, in 
1220, in ruins); Chesterton (existed before temp. William J.; in ruins); 
Croxden (founded 1179, by Bertram de Verdon); Darlaston (supposed to 
have been the residence of Wulf here King of Mercia) ; Dudley (fortified by 
Gcrvase Paganel, 3d of Stephen, for Maud the Empress); Eccleshall (rebuilt 
in 1310 by Walter de Langton, Bishop of Lichfielcl and Coventry); Helei^h 
(built by Henry de Audley in 1200); Lichfield (levelled with the ground); 
Newcastle (founded by Edmund Earl of Lancaster, younger son of Henry 
III. scarce a vestige remains) ; Stafford (built in 9 13 by Ethelfleda, a Countess 

■ of Mercia), another, the baronial castle (built by Ralph first Earl of Stafford) ; 
Stourton (built by Robert Earl of Stafford in 1087); Tamworth (erected 
on the site of Etnelfleda's Tower) ; Tirley (on the borders of Shropshire) ; 

: Tutburr (built by John of Gaunt in 1358) ; and Wednesbury (built by Adel- 
fleda. Governess of the Mercian kingdom in 9I6). Mansions of Elentley (in 
which Charles II. took refuge afler the battle of Worcester) ; Boscobsl 
House (the refuge of Charles II. after the same battle); Brinsford (in which 
Lord Wilmot took refuge after the same battle) ; Eccleshall (the seat of the 
Bosville family, converted into a farm house) ; Holbeach (the property of the 
Waltons, and in which Littleton, and others, concerned in the Powder- plot 
were taken) ; and MoseW Hall (in which Charles II. took refuge af^er the 
battle of Worcester). Caves of Biddulph (artificial); and Thoir's Cavern, 
Manifold (a large excavation on the side of a lofVjr precipice, 30 feet hi^h 
and 44 long, supposed to have been the place of sacrifice of the Druids.) 

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. 

Rivers. Blythe; Borne ; Chemet ; Dane ; Dove ; Hamps ; Ham; Lime ; Maai- 

fold ; Penk ; Smestall ; Sow ; Stour ; Tame ; Tern ; and Trent. 
Inland Navigation. Birmingham; Coventry and Oxford; Dudley Tunnel, 

% and 




CS(» fectbigf))} Btrr I 
Tc ; Bw n dMcft Fuk (■ detyitfal pn»- 
JeB^ (715 feetlii^): KmrnCMtle, 
Tunnorth Cuik ; Tntbury CMlk ; 

mtce of Om rim Dm); BndlOT-(iba 
•pringi) EiMmnr (St.) WeU biiitm 
ig of «mk btJDC^ Hmt (tlw aNuenaf 
Bear Cuiwdl I^HHjri NeweMil* (tha 
ritci in CuddlMtoa Hnndin] j Shofimll 

Chaljbaate iprtiq; ; Tame riru riiti in Sd«loii Hmidnd: IVenl rirar rini 
' ftna-MMT Mcd, M Kniperdej, uid (nxn two fpriaBiDw Molccap and thi<i 

toafUjiWtUtmuit and nilphtiT cprinpi andWiHow^nii^e mwit^Ftrf 

fMk^^eet. Abbot's B'romin Free School, 'founded in l003. Bnwwd 
.Frae.Gniiiiinar School, founded bjrDr. Kni^tley. fiu«TOi>-upoa-'ntixT 
"btidtfeofSflarcbet, 1645 feet long; Free GnEomar School, foondcdiB IMOt 
WWilliuBBcane. Cbeadle Fiee School. PUhoine Free Grammar S^WoL 



wwa 

Bfird 
Tame, 



Ifiird bridge, acnwa the Tame, handtomc. Falkedey bridge, o««r the 
ime, thTDosh whidi the WatlJng Street pataea at iia entranee into Aa 
.jon:^. HsrtMinie Charity Sdioo). Haywood bridge of 40 aiclM*. Lini- 
lisLD Gntldbalh Free Grammu Scboel, fimnded Mr BMkm Smith in imk 
to-foooded by Edwaid VI; £i«Utb Free Sehot^ eDdowcd hy Thaam 
Minors, eaq. in 1670; die NewlltaaticinBoar-KreeC; Gaol; Boiaoie Gafdm 
• IWDr.r • " - " -L 



dbyDr.Dwwin. NawcAan.* Free G . ___, 

Elisabeth, hy J(^ Cotton, Gent, of Alkington, co. Salop, the pretent s 

erected in 17SS : Free School erected in 1704, by Edmud Orme, .Clerk. 
Over Penn Charin School, founded by Rev. C. Wynn, VicRi of that place 
Id 1714. Penkridge Charity School. Rolleaton Free School, founded about 
1520, bvR. Shcreboume, Bp. ofChicheiter. HugeleyCharitj School, found- 
ed by J. B. Cowper. Stafford County Hall, buili in 1794 ( Couniy (not, 
built in 1793 ; Ckiiinty Intirmarf. built in 1777 ; Lunatic Anjum, boilt in 
I81T i Free School, founded by Edward VI. in 1550. Stone Free Giamiair 
School, founded in 155S, by Thomas Allkk, the emiuent Maihemati- 
cian. Tamworth Free Grauuuar School, restored by Elizabeth in 1588. 
Tixall bridge, over the Trent, consisted of 4S arches. Uttoxetrr Free 
School, founded in 1558, hy Thomas Allbm, the Mathematician; Stone 
bic^, coDUEctiog this county with Derby. Walsall Free School, founded 
h^ Queen Mary m 1553. Whichnor hndge, built temp. Henry III. de- 
•trojeti by a flood in ngb, and the present one soon after erected. Wd- 
vertuunpton Free School, founded in 1515, by Sir Stephen Jenyns, Knt. 
Aldennan of JUuidoD. 

SaUi. Ii^strieIUI,E«ITa]b(it,LiirdLin)teiiutofthaCouiitj. 

Abbenlle Pnk, Lord Oudnsi. BeuidcKTt Pu-k, Msrcmii of Anglctea. 

Aeton hm, Qeorn HtiddertOD, esq. BelUmare, Lichfield, Edmrd BIoUDt, asq. 

AMenhsw, HDl, esq. BebnoDt, Bar. W. Cirlide. 

Arte; HmQ, Evl of MonoUioTiis. Benj Hill Cott^, SoinfcD, SUoIej, 

Armitsge Psrk, T. LiiEcr, uq. esq. 

Aalicomb Hill, Wm. Saeji, esq. Betle}' House, Sir Jobn-Fletcber-FeDton 

Aihenhartt H»ll, J. Leigh, esq. Bougboy, but. 

AMob Hell, unr Sandon, Rct. T. OnftoB. fiishton Hsll, Rnnkr, John &iutow, ch. 

BsU H«, LMk, Dr. Hulme. Blsek lion HUI, Hugh Booth, en. 

BMfordHsll, nor Wnley, Wm. Soerd, esq. Blithfield Hoiue, Lord Bs^. 

Farm, Alsnuidir Booer, esq. Bonekill Houh, bbw Fsieky, E. P«1, eiq. 

BatelMcn, EuIWbitworth. ■■■ — Cstt<^, W.Pccl, eiq. 

Qanr. Mas. Jufy 18S9. Botcoh*! 



96 Cmtq^endium of Coimtif Kitoty^^SU^dthire. E^ulf^ 



Boscobel HmiM, Mr. Evam. Huntley Hall, Captain Sneyd. 

Bradky Hall, Edward Anson, aaq. Keel Hall, Colonel Sneyd. 

Brereton, Mist Sneyd. Knipersley, Sir Roger Gresley, bart. 

Broadwall Hall, William Sneyd, esq. Knowle House, Swinfen, Holland, esq. 

Brockton HaU, Eccleshall, William Eld, Lea HaU, J. Webb, esq. 

esq. Lichfield Palace, Sir C. Oakley, bart. 

Brocton Hall, Milford, Sir George Chet Lioley Wood, J. Caldwell, esq. 

wynd, bart. Ldswiss HaU, near Lichfield, Mrs. Tyson. 

— • Lodge, G. Chetwynd, esq. Loxley Park, T. Sneyd Kynnersley, esq. 

Brook House, Wetley Rocks, Henry Powis, Madeley Park, Weston Yonge, esq. 

esq. Maple Hayes, J. Atkinson, esq. 

Broom's Cottage, W.B. Meeke, esq. Meaford Hall, £. J. Ricketts, esq. 

Broughton, Sir J. Delves Broughton, bart. Merivale, Thomas Herrick, esq. 

Barton»upon-Trent, T. Greatorex, esq. Middleton Hall, F. Lawley, esq. 

Butttrton Hall, Thomas Swlnnerton, esq. Milford Hall, R. Levett, esq. 

CanweU, Beilby LawleVy esq. Cottage, Rev. R. Lsvett. 

Charlemont Hall, T. Frioe, esq. MUlfield, Rer. F. Bliok. 

Chartley Castle, Earl Ferrers. Morton House, J. Hanbunr, esq. 

Cheddleton Park, Rev. £. Powys. Newcastle, Sir John - tleU^ar - FenUm 
Chillington, Thomas Giffiurd, esq. Boughey, bart. 

Cliff Vule, John Tomlinson, esq. «» Cloughs, Rev. J. B. Basnett. 

Cloueh Hall, Thomas Kinnersley, esq. Mount, Josiah Spode, esq. 

Cohrich Hall, Rev. J. Granville. Oakeley, Sir John Chetwode, bart. 

— ^— — Mount, W. Bagot, esq. Packington Hall, near Hopwas, Reir» T. 

Comberford Hsll, William Tongue, esq. Levett. 

Consall Hall) near Wetley Rocks, J. Leigh, Parkhouse, Wolseley bridge, T. Maoknuut, 

esq. esq. 

Crakemsrsh HaU, near Uttoxeter, Thomas Patteshul, Sir George Figott, bart. 

C. Sheppard, esq. Perry Hall, Byshbury, John Gough, esq. 

CresweU Hall, near Great Bridgeford, Rev. Petsall, Sir George Dallas, bart. 

T. Whitby. Prestwood House, J. H. H. Foley, eeq. 

Crewe Hall, Lord Crewe. RavenhUl, Colonel Madan. 

Darlaston HaU, Captain Trekwny. Rolleston, Sir Oswald Mosley, bart. 

PUhorn Hall, F. B. Y. BuUer, esq. Rushall HaU, Sir George Anson, K.C. B. 

Dimsdale, J. Bennett, esq. Sandon Hall, Earl of Harrowby. 

Dorford Hall, H. Tomklnson, esq. Sandwell Park, Earl of Dartmouth. 

Dovebridge, near Uttoxeter, Lord Water- Seighford HaU, Francis Eld, esq. 

park. Shenstone Park, Weeford, E. Chrove, esq. 

prakelow, Sir Roger Grcsley, bart. Lodge, Captain Parker. 

Dravton Park, Sir Robert Peel, bart. Hall, Cooke, esq. 

Eccleshall Castle, Bishop of Lichfield and Smethwick, J. Reynolds, esq. 

Coventry. Grove, J. L. Moillies, esq. 

Elfired, near Lichfield, Hon. Col. Howard. Soho, near Haudsworth, M. R. Bonilton, esq. 

Elmhurst Hall, Lichfield, J. Smith, esq. Somerford HaU, near Wolverhampton, Hon. 

Endon Ashes, Chricklow, esq. Edward Monckton. 

Enville HaU, Earl of Stamford and War- StapenhaU, Daniel, esq. 

rington. — . - R. Piel, esq. 

Etruria, Josiah Wedgwood, esq. Stonyfield, Mrs. Bent. 

Farley Hall, John Bill, esq. Swinfen Hall, J. Swinfen, esq. 

Fenton HaU, Thomas Allen, esq. Swinnerton Patk, T. FitzherbBrt, esq. 

Potheriey Hall, Weeford, Rev. Mr. PhUlips. Tamworth Castle, Marquis Townshend. 

Freeford Hall, R. Dyott, esq. Teddesley Park, Edward Littleton, esq. ' 

Great Barr HaU, Sir Joseph ScoU^ bart. TettenhaU, Rev. G. H. Thursley. 
Ha^ley, Earl Howe. ■ F. Holyoake, esq. 

Park, Hon. R. Curzon. J. Pearson, esq. 

Hamstead Hall, W. Wallis, esq. P. T. Hmckes, esq. 

Handsworth, J. Spencer, esq. Thickbroora Cottage, Weeford, Adnunl 

W. 6. Clarke, esq. Manley. 

J. Grice, esj. Tellington House, Eecleshall, W. Locker» 

. Rev. J. L. nreer. esq. 

Haunch HaU, Lichfield, Gen. Dyott. Tixall, near Lichfield, Viscount Gnuville. 

Heathfield House, Handsworth, Mrs. Watt. Sir Thomas Hugh Clifford, bart. 

Hilcott Hall, Eccleshall, Mrs. Johnson. Trentham Hall, Marquis of Stafford, CuBtoa 

Hill Hall, Swinfen, Riddell, esq. Rotulorum of the County. 

Hilton, J. G. Smythc, esq. _ Walton, Sir William Congreve, bart. F.R. S< 

Hints, C. H. C. Floyer, esq. Edward Miller Mundy, esq. 

Hough House, Rev. Robert Hill. Watlands, Spencer Rogers, esq. 

Wergs, 





Wooi»iJUI,GnloMlinioiir - 



p Sr dii^ WoUflj, btfk W jifef €6of«, FhiBMt Hmm7» «q.' 

PMrifir.. .^Adknlim ViteoiiBtf md Baioiij lo ^Eul WhitwoiA j, Ahmd of 
Shual o it i Kb 'MHi Orgravs Vueomity to Admhi) Blithfidd Baroinr to Bi^ 
or iHkiiMii f DodOcy-oifle Bti^ny to Waid ; Fbhcmick Uaioav lo 
(^tchetter $ Gmihier m Utunceler Baiony to Viscount Gardner $ Gramriue of 
Stone -Pnrk VwAniDiT to Gow^j: Audley of Heleig^ Barony to ThkknoMb 
Toodiel;;; Ingettik V boonnty to Earl Talbot i Meafbrd Tncmmty ttbd- fii- 
nmy to Jerriiy Earl Si Vincent $ Newcastle Dnkedom toCHiitoii; ^gpcyf 
Beoodesert Banmy to MarqOif 'of Angleiea; Sandon Viac ounty to' 
Bail of Harrowby; Sta6brd Marquisate to fiunily of Gower;'Tli 
Vitoovftity to Earl FerreM ; Trentham Viscounty to Marqqitate<n StaflMf;* 

Memters iat ParUameni for the County 2; Lichfield 9; NewcastlcMmdq'-l^l'&o 
9i StifindS; Tamworth S; total 10. 

IVe ji ir tf. CSoaly inm^stone, qnarr]f-slone» lead, alabaster, limestone, oiatbk^ 
eopper, inm, com, iish, excellrat sand for makinj; glass. 

Mmmffiit^um. ■ Earthenware, hats, glass-toys, lapanned goods, anaMrilad 
coots^ Queen's ware, potters ware; cotton, silk, leather, wodlen, Miien, Une 
brick: and tile works, iron, brass, and tin works, morlo or bniiwe ortiriki 

< Tlii-wiatoh chants, edge toob, files, chapes, augers, bujckks, nod tleel' toys, 
are unrivalled. , : 

IPOPULATION. 

Himdreds 10. Liberties 18. Wkole FetfUkee^ lift* PeitU rf PmrUlm^M. 
Mwtkei itmnu XB.-^InhabUimU. (1881X Males 171,666 1 Femalet I4|ti7iri 
total d41,04a— jPafiit^5 employed in agriculture 18,986 1 in trade^ 4i,4SM 
in neither 8,060i total 68,7^.— -Bt^/ifMf. Males M»98»tFefiialci 51^974; 
total 105,657.— ilfamfl^tft. 27,003. — Burials. Males 38,041;- P«tttaits 
30,Sl6 ', total 62,257. 

Places not having less than 1,000 Inhabitants. 

Houses. Inhab. 

WoIveriuuiip->3 ,g335 

ton ^ 

Sedgley - S045 17195 

BUston - 32 87 12003 

Tibbington - 2005 11546 
IGngSwinford 2083 



- 1951 



V1831 9505 
- 1524 7825 



i 
} 



Burslem 
West Brom- 

wich 
Shehon 

LoBgtOll fttul 

Lane-end 

NtWCASTLI- 

under-Lynb 
Wednesbiiry 1231 
Walsall Foreign 1302 
Lichfield - 1135 
Hanley 
Rofwley Regis 
Dsrlaston 
Statpord - 
Walsall 
Penkhnl and 

Bocrtihen 
Uttoseter - 



11022 
9699 



\ 



1462 7100 

1497 7031 

6471 
6410 
6075 
5622 
606^ 
5585 
5759 
5504 



1191 
1058 
1127 
1008 
1256 



1026 4915 



957 4658 



903 4114 



870 3969 



} 



757 

779 



3965 
3862 



Houses. Inhab. 
Burton-Qpon 

Trent 
Stoke-npmi- 

Trent 
WUlenhall - 
Cheadle 
HandswortU 

with Soho 
Stone - 550 

Rugeley - 504 
Tunstall Court 532 
Penkridge - 417 
Breewooid - 442 
Smethwick - 338 
Norton on the 1 



635 3082 

2855 
2677 
2632 
2299 
3263 
1950 



/ 



Moors 
Kin&re 
Shenstone - 
Bidddph - 
Colwich 
Tamworth - 
Checkley and 

Tean 
Hilderstone - 
Abbots Bromley 31 1 



357 1793 



i 



385 
309 
324 
312 
337 



1735 
1699 
1666 
1646 
1636 



320 1591 



310 



1591 
1533 



314 1464 



\ 



Houses. Inhab. 
Wednesfield 279 1488 

TettenhaU 1 

Regis with f 

TettenhaU. Q 

Clericorum j 
Tutbury 
Harbone 
Wombome - 
Barton under- 

Needwood 
Eccleshall 
Stowe 
Madeley 
Amblecoat - 
Yoxhall 
Fairfield head 
Fazeley 
Castle Church 
Longdon 
Alveton 
Kibblestone 
Cheddleton - 
Keale 
Gnosal 
Rocester 
Talk-o'th-hill 



272 
267 
356 

850 

345 
329 
313 
334 
304 
306 
193 
232 
242 
207 
186 
215 
203 
183 
184 
200 



1444 
1400 
1808 

1387 

rM4 

1185 
1166 
1157 
1145 
1135 
1128 
1118 
1115 
1103 
1089 
1061 
1061 
1038 
1037 
1008 



(To be continued.) 



S.T. 



THE 



The Cen»ar, No. JITF.— Sir 8amuH Imke. [July, 

THE CENSOR. No. XV. lM»ing that futore research may de- 

Memoirs of Sir Samuel Luke, Knt. c»^e a quation wc haye bardy pre« 

1. " TfUDIBRAS, m three Parte, j^ ^^^^ family derived itshonom 

n wntten in the time of the ^^^ Sir Walter, a Judge in the Court 

late Wars ; corrected and amended, ^^ g-j .^ ^^^y^ ^y^^ acquired an -- 

with large Annotations, and a Preface, ^ - .'-.-.:>. 



with large Annotations, and a J'rc^acc, ^^ at Cople, in Bedfordshire, by maiw 
hy Zachary Grey. LL.D. Adorned . ^^^^ Launcelyn, norse to H«ai. 
With a new set of Cute. The second ^^jj ^.^ ^^ Nicholas became a 
edition. London, printed for C. Hitch, ^^^ ^^ Exchequer i the third in de- 
Ac. 1744. 2 vols. 8vo. g^„^ f^^ ^l^„^ Oliver, was entered 
. i *' Letters, by which it is certified ^t the Middle Temple, April «4, . . . ■ 
that Sir Samuel Luke tooke at Islip, He was knighted at the Charterhonse 
fiftie horse and fiftie pound in money, ;„ l603, served the shrievalty of his 
twentie-seaven prisoners. Sir — —For- county in l6l7, and represented it in 
tetcoe being one, &c. &c. Testified by several Parliamente, where his name 
Cobnell Chad wick. London, printed frequently occurs in Committees, and 
by F. L. May 28, l644, 4to, pp. ?." jn those appointed for provincial bmt- 
3. "Mercurius Menippeus >. The ness during the war, till the chanoe of 
Loyal Satirist, or Hudibras in Prose, politics in l647. He married 0iza- 
Written by an unknown hand in the beth,daughter to Sir Valentine Knight- 
time of the late Rebellion ; but never ley of Fawsley, by whom he had three 
till now published. sons, Samuel, John, and Nicholas. 

« Si Cato redduur, Casaieanus erit.' Samuel, the eldest son of Sir Oliver, 

,'. ' . jt r r Ti' J L was deformed and dwarfish', delects 

London, print«l for J(,j.^«m/ma^^^^^ apparently compensated by superior 

at the s|gn of the Black Bull near t^^^ qualifications oY mind. ^He*waa 

Royal fi^change in Comhtll \6S2. g . .^ j^, ,^2^ represented 

4to,Dp.24.' rRepnntedml715,un. Relford-tow/ in the Lon| Pariia- 

?S^*"'''j'V'n''C n rX^c^^^^^^^ ""ent, and, having raised a^giment 

1649 and 60, m Butler's Spurious j^ ^j^^ ^'^ was elected to tS com- 

Hemains. j ^j^^^^^^ j^ ^^j^^ station he carried a 

magnificent ensign, emblazoned with 
The commentators on Butler, con- symbols of religion and liberty, the fa^ 
fining themselves to the illustration of vourite professions of his party « His 
obscure passa^, have done little to- nomination was approved by the Par- 
wards identifying the character of Hu- liament, who commissioned him to 
dibras, some through disbelief, and apprehend Sir Lewis Dives, then at 
others from confidence. To the scanty the head of the King*s interest in Bed- 
notices of Grey, nothing has been fordshire. In this crusade he was 
added ; nor have these been collected confessedly repulsed, and received four 
into a regular form. In offering the wounds, while Sir Lewis saved his 
following memorials, therefore, we life by swimming a river, but the 
daim only precedence, aware that plunder of his house at Bromham re- 
much remains to be performed, and warded the soldiers, and when the 

1 Communicated by Mr. C. Baldwyn. 

s Chronological Account of Eminent Persons, &c. MS. in the libnurj of Dr. Daniel 
Williams, Red Cross-street. The year is not mentioned. 

' The author of Mereurius Memppeus has left ut a half-length portrait of Sir Samuel. 
Speaking of Cromwell, he says, **1 wonder how Sur Samuel Luke and he should dash, §ot 
tb^ are both cubs of the same ugly litter. This urchin is as ill-carved as that GoUin 
painted. The grandam bear sure had blistered her tongue, and so lefi him nnliclced. He 
looks like a snail with a house upon his back, or the spirit of the mUitia with a natural 
skuMwack, and may both serve for tinker and budget too. Nature intended him to play at 
bowls, and therefore clapt a bias upon him. You may take him for St. Christoj^r, with 
the Devil at his back. O that knot-grots should purge the kingdom ! We must be ridden 
by a Oimel, and reformed by the sicn of the Dolphin, You would think him levelled suffi- 
ciently, but Harvey will have him lower yet, and down with the wall, thouch it be built 
with a buttress," &c. Similar passages appear in various diumals and pamphlets. Conf. 
Hudibras, I. i. 287. 

4 Prestwlch's R«spublica, 1787. 

com- 



18^.] The Cetmr, ^i». XF.Sir Samuel Lwke. S9 

commtaskmen assessed it, they found urith a hundred ^unds, and redeem- 
nothing of any yaloe*. ed the credit of his foment soon af- 
In October he was present at the ter in a skirmish at Wycombel From 
batde of £dge*hill, where he chareed thence he proceeded to Ldghton in 
valiantly; and in May met the Eaiiof Bedfordshire, where he levied troops 
Essex at Thame, preparatory to a to oppose a body of Royalists under 
junction with Hampden. Althoi:^ Sir John Digby, Dives, and Urrey, 
deserted by Urrey, they ventured an who commanded the Northern parts 
actionatCbinnor (June 18), in which of the county, and supported them- 
tiiey were defeated with considerable selves by plunder?. These officers, 
ioss: three of Sir SamueFs standards pursuant to directions from Oxford, 
were taken, while he ''so guarded naving taken-in Olney, seized upon 
himself with his ihort sword, that he Newport-Pagnel, where they proposed 
escaped without hurt, though thrice to establish a garrison of 1500 men. 
taken prisoner, yet rescued, and those Sir Lewis issued orders for bringing in 
to whom he was a prisoner slaine:'* provisions, and compelled the inha- 
the last time he was overpowered, but oitants to work at the fortifications, as 
saved by his servant, who pistolled the he designed to establish a barrier be- 
cavalier. He rewarded his preserver tween Bristol and Peterborough, and 



* Perfect Diurnal, No. 8. Addit. MSS. Mob. Britt. 5494. The Oase near Bromham 
seems to have been the scene of action. — ^Two stories are related by Rjves, which cast 
some discredit on Sir Samuel. 1. The ejection and imprisonment of Thorae, the Clergy- 
man at Bedford. 2. The searching and plundering of the Due de Vendome at Uxbridge, 
in violation of a pass from the Close Committee. The first contMns no positive evidence 
of his interference ; and in the second it is allowed that he acted under orders from the 
Earl of Essex. The Duke was probably suspected of acting for the King, and expedience 
may extenuate what it cannot justify. Conf. Merc Rust, iv.-— viii. Butler observes, 

" For words and promises that yoke 

The conqueror are quickly broke — . 

For if we should fi^t for the cause 

By rules of military laws, 

And only do what they call just, 

The cause would quickly fall to dust." P. i. ii. 1091. 

^ Certain Informations, June 36, 1643. Parliament Scout, No. I. The Knight's 
Sword, we are told, 

« a dagger had, his page. 
That was but little for his age ; 
And theref(Mre waited on him so. 
As dwar& upon knights errant do. 
It was a serviceable dudgeon. 
Either for fighting or for drudging," &c. P. i. ii. 375. 

This circumstance is mtroduced in the second canto, where the Squire rescues his master 
from Crowdero. L. 933, et seqq. 

7 Parliament Scout. The following intercepted warrant may serve to illustrate his way 
of raising recruits : 

** To the Constables and InhabitanU of Salford : 

*< These are to signifie, that it is Sir Samuel Luke's desire that it be published in your 
parish with all speed, that he will no longer dally with, or by any more fiure wayes or 
meanes claw his countrymen, seeing that it is altogether vaine and fruitlesse, but he is 
resolved that if all persons in every parish between 16 and 60, being able to cariy armes, 
shall not severally appeare at Laighion on Monday morning next by 7 of the dock, with 
all provisions with them, and armes and weapons for the service of the State and their 
own safety ; he will proceed against snch cold and insensible persons and parishes of this 
county with that rigour and severitie as is done in other places, that the good may not re- 
maine always scoft and derided at, but that they may receive such ease and comfort by such 
his proceedings as is agreable to all manner of equitie and good conscience, and to let them 
know that all such as do come are to march away presently, and therefore desire them to 
come provided for that purpose : frkyle you not hereof, and to bring a list of the names of 
every man, at your perus. 

« TodHnglony July 1, 1643. Thomas Potts." 

Mercurios Aulicus, Ju^ 2. 

to 



30 The Censor, No. Xr.^Sir Samuel Lmke. [July, 

to cat off supplies from the metropo- bands, till, finding his means uneqml 

lis*. Of his movements as Goveraor, to the object, he quitted his post, and 

we are onlv informed, that he reta- retired to the court at Oxford. The 

liated the plunder of Bromham upon Lord Biron had advanced as &i as 

his enemy's house at Hawnes, and ap- Broughton, but was seemingly uni^ 

prehended some Committee-men at ble to render any assistance, as he de- 

Ampthill*; but his seasonable pre- parted- immediately l*. Several ea- 

sence enabled the Royalists in Bed- gagements took place in the neigh- 

fordshire to collect their scattered bourhood, all tending to confirm ue 

strength, and to hold a commbsion of measures of the Parliament, at Toinr- 

array at Shesford, probably in the cester, Stony-Stratford, Alderton, CH- 

mansiou of Sir Charles Ventris^^^. ney, and finally before Newport, whea 

These proceedings excited great ap- Sir Charles Lucas was repulsed by the 

prehensions in the Parliament, who Earl'^, who left it in December, the 

determined to recover a spot, in Need- works being finished i^ ; and a solemn 

ham's phrase ''geometrically situated thanksgiving was held in Gomhiil 

for the defence of the associated coun- (Jan. IQ) for the safe return of the 

ties," and committed this affair to the Green and Orange regiments. The 

Earl of Essex, assisted by Skippon, date of Sir Samuel's appointment as 

Harvey, Wilson, and Luke. The Governor of Newport Pagnell does 

troops halted at Dunstaple on Mon- not appear, but we soon find him act^ 

day (October 30), and on the Satur- ing in his situation ; and Dec. 11, the 

day proceeded by way of Brickhill to sum of 1000/. a month was voted for 

Newport, which they entered in the the support of the garrison*^, 
evening, not without resistance. The Havmg provided for secnrtty et 

Grovernor does not appear to have neg- home, he commenced operations by 

lected his trust ; he fortified the town, attacking the neighbouring forts; 

and encouraged his soldiers by reports Graflon and Hillesdon were taken by 

of a disaffection among the trained- storm *^, and a body of Royalists un- 

^ *' Several cavaliers came into Bedfordshire, which county they have woefully plundered ; 
they liave seized upon the towne of Newport-Pannel, In the upper part of Buckingham- 
shire, which lieth between Bedford and Stony-Stretford, and have forced the inhabitants 
thereabouts to come in and intinench it, and they are drawing the water about it, the better 
to strengthen and fortifie it, their drift being to intercept all cattell and other provisions* 
that shall come out of the adjacent counties to London, hopmg thereby to cut off all tic- 
tuall from this cit^, and so to starve it, if they be not timely prevented and unnestled oei 
of that place." — Certun Informations, Oct. 30. 

The following paragraph is more curious : 

** Wee heare firom Newport Pagnel in Buckinghamshire, that the Cavalliers make creaS 
fortifications to keep awle her cood cattels and Welch runts and other provision, finom 
coming to London, and by keeping out the fiit beasts was make her have a verie leane citia. 

if her shcmld stop awle passages, yet some of her sheeses have a creat many leg (her 

will not say ma^gotts) that will in despight of the Cavalliers carrie them up to London* 
with superscriptions upon them to deliver them to her cousin sheese-monger/'^-Tha 
Welch Mercurie, Nov. 3. Conf. Parliament Scout, No. 18. 

* Lysons's Beds. 

^^ Certain Informations, Oct. 30. For an account of this gallant Cavalier, see vol. xci. 
ii. p. 136. 

^ Merc. Civicus, Nov. 9. Clarendon's account is rather improbable, and inconsbteat 
,wlth the character of Sir L. Divet. 

^* Merc. Britt. Nov. 9. Compleate Intelligencer, No. 14. 

13 « Our Post bringeth intelligence from Newport-Pagnel, that Serjeant-Major Skippoii 
is made Master of the Workes there, and that the carpenters and pavioneers, are fatwfing 
the towne very strongly, that as the water doth compasse the towne as it were, on tiro 
sides of it, so trenches from the said moate are digged, with draw-bridges and sluces, lo 
he compleated according to the Serjeant-Major*s directions, all which goeth forward very 
&st.^* — Kingdome's Weekly Post, Nov. 15. From Merc. Britt. Nov. 30, we leam that 
f* strict discipline,*' and '* constant prayer," were enjoyned by his Excellency. 

'4 Merc. Aul. p. 710. 

** Vicars* England's Worthies, edit. 1821, p. 9—21. The Court Journalist charges 
Sir Samuel with a share In the cruelties committed at Hillesdon- house, with some aggra- 
vating clrcumstances.-^Merc. Aul. March 9, 16*43-4. But such statements caiuiot be 

read 



itiab* rem the o!*«rl»wl, the Earl Jw)»Jiibt&rt«b Ifc R^^^ 

att»y.Stnitfei4iatfeiled the lebeb in 2;^?)«fc^ 

Wmi;,he<hdaMJottgceDtiiiae9. to^Cdlegt or Hdl ia Qrfia or Cbe- 

in the- mmn time the Kibs» who wto.*^^*^ 

h«IlM«at^l«btiiy,paiBedthio^ (t^ he cakHnwi.) 

Switfoid ID Wolinm, when he le* a 

pMiafc "Bedfioffd^OM :- on h» de- jf^. Urbah, Liverpool, Jmu Si. 

■irtwe an Juty, .Brown and Wato QiNCE the puMksatian oT the 

Mowed him, with 800 of Sir hamuel a O «« Frasmento of LanGaahiie/* 

i> hot wiwc foOcd^ owing to „,msh additional matter and valn^ 



hit aoMiArity in c»FaIiy«, A wai- ii^nnation haTing come to myhaadal 

wH^Micd aboMt diit tiBoe tor pil- ^ the Mbtt^ assistance of mm 

h«ing the Royalists, has fortuMiely fAtndt, and having been solidtcd to 

nadied i»» and throws eome light on continue my endeavours, I piopoea 

hia^efieial tnunaotioBs t i shortly to add a iborth Fui to tho«ci 

* -^ By wrteo of a mtfrnit from Hhe Com- which have already appeared. 

wlUMi ibr Se jurftmti oa olBsiitn «f Do* Bat the more linvestigate the anb- 

Bi|iisiiliMdA^Mttstomodbo0iid, thsw jeet, the moie de^y do I rwet tho 

wto«^awl^eqairoyootopMMna««D* ^g^ ^f coadjutors in the ejection 

iija to itt tsMtn IwUfc, aad oOows of ^ ^^^ compilation of/a general His. 




♦ ujt^z ;« mJ^xT^Z^^^ bas hitherto engaged the studies pf a 

C^£.^Z^^\T^ TopographeroffSSwledge^ 

fildrupoo tU 8$ a.y of this iMtaiit Aprils Sixty-seven more parishes iwam no- 

ly nfaeV the docke in the momii^, to he noticed, or at least unfinished ; all of 

piid for the oM of the Kmg md kingdome i which, together with five maces term- 

leqairiug yon to wame two or three able ed extra-paiochial (viz. Old IjauiMl 

SMn in your perieh to vppwn before the Bboth, Rough Leef, Wheatly Car,. 

aid Oommitteee at the iriace and time vp- Toxteth Park, and Croxteth Park), 

pointed to do Buch farther service as they are hiehly deserving of most diligent 

shall he required unto. And your selves investigation; the two latter I 3iall 

there, as you and they will answer it at your hereafter notice. 




tfiderwood). Sir John Dlgby, the Ladie ^ necessary to na^e one tor every 

Dighy (Gothurst), Sir j3m Tyringham Hundred—l had almost said for every 

ClfringW) , Sir Thomas DayrcU (Lillmg- Parish— to produce a History worthy of 

stone-DayreU), the Ladie Farmar (Easton our County. There is much rich and 

Neeton), Spencer Lucy, esq. (Haversham), valuable record connected with Lan- 

Th.Longfield, esq. <LonguevilleofWoIver- cashire, the greater part widely scat- 

ton?) Mr. James Dighy, Dr. Newell, Dr. tered, and some locked up, which 



read with too much distrust ; and the same, writer estimates the exaggemtion of news in 
aaioiher place, on a scale of 50 to 500 : *' the citizens (he observes) would be ill paid, if 
diey had not something for their money,"— a £air test of his own veracity. 

^ Letters by which it is certified, &c. This pamphlet contains only one paragraph re- 
lating to Sir Samuel. — ^Conf. Parliament Scout, and Weekly Account, May 30. 
"Merc. Aul. p. 1053. 
^ Weekly Account, June 25. Parliament Scout, July U. Butler says— 

<' Did they not swear at first to fight 

For the King's safety and his right ? 

And after march'd to find him out. 

And charg'dhim home, with horse and foot ?" — ^P. 3, ii. 159. 

^ Merc. Aul. April 37. The list of delinquents, as printed in the diurnals, b extremely 
corrupt ; a few of their residences are here supplied. 

• Rev. Dr. Whitaker's " Whallcy." 

f See « Fragments of Lancashire,*' pp. 134, 135, and 143, 

would 





As8essai«»t». 

teinp. Elia. 
1700,15-tlia.t 


U 


- 2 11 1 





- 3 


6 


-18 


4 


- 2 13 4 


5 


- 2 15 4 


4 


- 9 O 



3f Fragments iowardi. a History qf LancoMkire, [JbITi 

would require deep care and research ^^"b"^ aS*^' 

to collect and autnenticate. But this /ei5^ ' 

care and research would be amply re- ig. s, 

warded by the discoveries to which it Liverpool 2436 3 

would give rise, and the interesting Manchester^lSGd U 

information which it would afford, Salford - - igg 12 

not only to a Native partial to his Preston - - 145 11 

County, but to the Kingdom generally; Lancaster -120 9 

for the History of the County of Lan- Wigan - - 13 18 

caster is closely connected with the The whole County paid upon the As- 

history of the Country at large. I sessment of id. in the pound, 12,941/. 

would have it commence from the 145. \d,', and there were several calls 

earliest authorities of the Roman wri- in the year. 

ters; and subsequently to the decline The comparison of these towns at 

of the Roman power, during the reigns different times is curious. This state* 

of the Norman, the Saxon, and lasUy, ment speaks for itself, and requires na 

the En^ish Monarchs, and during the conmient. 

contentions and after the union of the My desire is to be looked on as a. 

Houses of York and Lancaster pts his- gatherer of materials, which will, I 

tory would throw great light upon that hope, be hereafter serviceable to the 

of the kingdom during those times, more finished Historian. I collect, and 

To those perusing the Hbtory of Lan- copy my materials as I find them. If 

cashire since the Union with the Sis- my health is spared me (and I think 

ter Kingdom, I question not but that my pursuits help it), I shall in no 

the rise and progress of this County to way relax my endeavours 1 but hope 

the pre-eminent conseauence which it to be enabled, with that assistance 

at present holds, would appear more which (save in one solitary instance) 

rapid and astonishing than that of any has never been withheld, and has 

part of this country smce Britain was a usually been tendered, to publish ano- 

^Nation. If, then, the respective results ther volume, to commence with the 

of these several labourers in the vineyard Fourth Part. 

(for a vineyard it would be) were de- My attention will not be directed to 

fosited in the Libraries of Lancaster, extracts from printed histories, or to 
averpool Royal Institution, and Man- copies of other engravings ; but to ma* 
Chester (Cheetham's), some Historian nuscripts and collections of anpuUish- 
might then at length, from their united ed documents, from public and private 
efforts, compile a County History wor- evidences, as well as original paintings, 
thy of its name « but until these pre- and drawings. The Coucher Book of 
vious preparations are made, the mind Furness Abbey is well worthy of an 
of almost every man must shrink from attentive perusal ; and unbounded re- 
such an Herculean labour. sources ofinformation, hitherto unpub- 
A sort of revolution, or great relative jished, are to be found in the British 
change of property, has arisen in the Museum. 

different parts of the County, since I am glad to announce that the /ii- 
Trade began to be encouraged, we will quisitiones post Mortem of Lancashire,, 
say from the time of Elizabeth and her is iust ready for publication, in a large 
Successors (the Corporation of Liver- volume, under the direction of thme 
pool in 1557» had a rental of 2/. I0s,gd. ; able eentlemen, Mr. Caley, Keeper of 
in 1721, it was 1232/. 15. 7<^.; in 1821, the Records at the Chapter Hodse, 
a rental of 72,000/. per annum). Wc Westminster, and Mr. Harper, of the 
find at that early time the various parts Duchy of Lancaster Office, which 
were rated as in the second column will, in upwards of 40Q0 articles, 
below ; and now to the County Rate, throw great light upon the History of 
under the new Act, as in the first co- our County, as well as on the Duchy 
lumn ^where Liverpool now stands at large §. M. Gregson, F.S.A. 

pre-eminently the first town in the t Tbe«» are the usual Fif^th.. St 
County, and the second sea-nort m «, Fragments " p 1 9 
the united kingdom decidedly), in j igancherterwas* not aswssed rt its v»- 
1815, when this tax was first assessed i^^^ jj o^g^t to be charged as much as 
by a rental of id. in the pound, — Liverpool 

§ See Mr. Harper's Report of the lU* 

♦ See "Fragments," p. 12. cords in the Duchy Office. 

Embalm- 



189S0 



Embalming nmong the Egyptians. 



SS 



EmBALMIVO among the EoT^TIAlf 8. 

(From the Classical Journal.) 

THE E^ptians, of all nations of 
antiQuity, are most deserving of 
our attention. To this wise and inge- 
nious people, who made such advances 
in arts and sciences, in commerce and 
legislation, succeeding nations have 
beeu indebted for whatever institu- 
tions civilize mankind and embellish 
human life. The priesthood of this 
very religious people, to whom know- 
ledge was exclusively confined, being 
wholly free from anxiety about secu- 
lar matters, as they were provided for 
by the State', devoted themselves to 
the service of the community. Their 
time was divided between the per- 
formance of their sacred duties and 
the improvement of the mind. Study 
was their business} the good of the 
people was their sole object; and 
whatever could contribute to the poli- 
tical or moral welfare of their country, 
was pursued with a zeal worthy of 
imitation in Christian societies. It is 
not then surprising that they made 
such amazing progress in physic and 
husbandry, in astronomy, magic, and 
other occult sciences. And, though 
the art of embalming, as practised by 
them, is now obsolete, and the medi- 
cated herbs which they used may not 
now be ascertained, yet we may gather 
froiin the custom what study and at- 
tention they employed in discovering 
the virtues of simples, though the 
science of Medical Chemistry* was 
probably unknown at that early period. 
The art of embalming the dead was 
peculiar to the Egyptians ; they alone 
knew the secret of preserving the body 
from decay. In tne Pentateuch we 
find that, when Abraham and Isaac 
died, they were simply buried; but 
Jacob, and afterwards Joseph, were 
embalmed ; because these two pa- 
triarchs died in Egypt. This myste- 



rious trade descended from father to 
son as an hereditary and sacred privi- 
lege; theembalmers were held in high 
repute, conversed with the priests, and 
were by them admitted into the inner 
parts of the temples. Embalming may 
nave been practised in Asia, but there 
is not any authority for this presump- 
tion : it may be inferred that the cus- 
tom prevailed among the Chaldeans, 
on account of the proximity of their 
country to Egypt, and the similarity of 
pursuits and doctrines ; an intercourse, 
no doubt, subsisted between these two 
philosophical nations from the earliest 
ages. After the death of Alexander 
the Great, the Egyptians and Chal- 
deans were ordered to dress the body 
in their own way^ (Curt, lib' x. sub 
fin.) : but this event was many hun- 
dred years after the times when Egypt 
flourished under the Pharaohs. The 
washing and dressing of the body al- 
luded to by Greek and Roman writers, 
was merely an external application of 
unguents*, performed witti facility and 
despatch, not for the purpose of pre- 
serving the corpse, but in. honour of 
the deceased. The ceremony among 
the Egyptians was sacred and solemn, 
and the process tedious, intricate, and 
expensive. In the patriarchal history 
the Sacred Writer tells us, that forty 
days were employed in preparing the 
body of Jacob for sepulture. **And 
Joseph commanded his servants the 
physicians to embalm his father, and 
the physicians embalmed Israel,** &c. 
Gen. i. 2. And here it is to be ob- 
served, that the officers, called physi- 
cians^ did not profess the art 0/ curing $ 
for physic (as it is now called) was not 
at that time a professional pursuit; not 
a word is said of physicians being call- 
ed in during Jacob's sickness. Be- 
sides, the Hebrew word is rendered in 
the Septuagint by ivTa^taurrai, those 
who prepared the body for burial. It 



1 Diodorus says, that a third of the lands of each province belonged to the priesthood. 
(Lib. L p. 84, folio, Amster. 1745.) 

^ The art of jMreparing drugs by fire for curative purposes is attributed to the Arabs. 

' JEgypli Chaldisique jussi corpus sua tnore curare — delude purgavere corpus; leple- 
tumque est odorlbus. — I know no other passage indicative of such a custom among the 
Aaiatics. It does not appear that Plutarch or Arrian mention this ceremony ; Cortius, 
therefore, may have been misinformed. Cyrus in Xenopbon commands his body to ba 
committed to the earth firom whence it came (o^^vXov), and in this he donbtlest con- 
formed to the custom of his country. 

^ Corpusque lavant frigentis et ungunt. Virgil. TliptarhXKiHf wuf^v — Kai K«r^oii9mt 
X*p^^* *v vtft^rtXu*. Eurip. Medea, 1085. The body of Cbritt was anointed with myrrli 
and aloes, and wrapt in linen clothes. Johoy ch. tux, yer. 89^ 40. 

Gent. Mao. July^ 1843. le 



34 



Embalming at^ong the Egyptians, 



i^^ 



is true the author of the Pentateuch 
does not particularise this ceremony, 
but Herodotus and Diodorus are clear 
and difTuse' in every thing relative to 
this interesting country*. 

The E^ptians believed that the 
soul was tmmorlal, or rather, that it 
was eternal; they imagined that it not 
only was not subject to death, but that 
it had existed from all eternity, having 
neither beginning nor end ; they thought 
that as it was immaterial, it was m- 
crcate, and as it was iucreate, that it 
was a part of the divine spirit, divincp 
parlicula aurtB^ and co-existent with 
that Being, from whom it emanated 6. 
In order to substantiate this doctrine, 
they asserted that the soul had been in 
a state of pre-existence, and at the dis- 
solution of the outward man, it passed 
into various states ; and after a circuit 
of three thousand years, (Herod. 1. ii. 
c. 123) it returned to re-animate a hu- 
man body. Pythagoras first transplant- 
ed this dogma from Egypt into Greece, 
and, though no works of that philoso- 
pher are now extant, yet we may ga- 
ther from later writers the essential 
tenets of the Pythagorean sect'. Plato, 
after the death of bocrates, inculcated 
the same principle, in order to vali* 
date the primary tenet of the Socratic 
school, the immortality of the souls, 
Virgil has shown himself very sedu- 
lous in propagating the same doctrine 
among tne Romans. (Geog. iv. 220-7 j 
^n. vi. 750.) These two nations 
were of opinion, that death separated 
the soul from the body 9; they were, 
therefore, no longer concerned about 
the perishable part of man ; and being 



enlightened by the rays of ratioiuil 
philosophy through the mists of error 
and superstition, they looked forward 
to a future state, as a reward for the 
virtuous, and a punishment for the 
damned. The Egyptians, on the con- 
trary, were more solicitous to preserve 
the material part from putrefaction and 
injury, conceiving that the soul was 
inseparable from its body so Ions ai 
the latter was free from corruption. 
Inspired by this superstition, they stu- 
died and put in practice every means 
of preserving the human frame : tbejf 
applied to the study of natural histpry 
to discover the virtues of simples, ana 
provided buildings of the greatest mag- 
nitude and durability as depositorteji 
for the dead, which still remain the 
most stupendous monuments of humati 
labour in the world. That the pyra- 
mids were built as sepulchres for the 
Kings 10,. there appears no reason to 
doubt; this is fully testified by modern 
travellers. Besides, Diodorus says ex- 
pressly, that Chemmis and Cephroa 
constructed them for this purpose^. 
The principal care of the Egyptians 
was turned to the preserving the dead j 
they looked upon their houses as tem- 
porary dwellings, but to. their cein^r 
teries they gave the name of the Elet- 
nal Mansions, (Diod. 1. i. p. 60.) 

Among the three modes of embalm- 
ing, that adopted by the rich was very 
tedious in its process, and expensive in 
its preparation. As soon as a man of 
any consideration died, the relations of 
the deceased, after the most violent 
expressions of grief, sent for the era«> 
balmer, who carried away the corpse. 



A Herod, lib. ii. c. 86, 87. — Diodor. lib. i. p. 102. 

HumaDus animas, ex dimnd mente decerptus, cum alio nullo nisi cum ipso Deo 
pararl posslt. Cic. Tusc. 6. n. 38. <'God breathed into his nostrib the breath qTW* 
and man became a living stmL** Gen. ii, 7* 

7 Morte carent animee ; semperque jHrlore relicta 

Sede, novis domibus vivunt hfd>itantque receptee. — Ovid* Sermo Pythig. 
Addison Spect. No. 343. 

9 Ilairrtf Tori xat vw ^let/Urf iCir«i ret ^u« tU etWinXei, you *ii itvotas ocroCoXti ttMt icrqrci 
jUiraCaXXo/Urivdt, Plato sub fin. lunsei. 

9 At cum frigida mors anima seduxerit artut. Virg. 

&v//t,w into /UriXittw SwdU Softoy A»Se« tlsu, Horn. 
'£viil«y (ri ^vxn) rov ^ufMiros hxfl ywnren, Xenoph. 

W It is remarkable that Homer does not mention the pyramids, although he c d e b t afc p i 
Thebes and its hundred gates, and frequently alludes to Egypt. This is a presompCioB tfiiit 
ihey were built a little before or after the age in which this poet flourished. Diodairnt h^ 
forms us, that these extraordinary works were built a thousand years befora hit time } tUs 
ittrees veiy nearly with the age of Homer. 

n Pliny s wordS) pecuma otiosa ae siuUa ostentation are more idU KoAJootkk thiD ihe «Mr 
duct which he condemns } for the motivt of bniMlBg these emnnnous works was p e M lledl 
•• well as religious. 

The 



18».3 



EtnffatrhiHg among the Eg^ptiani. 



SS 



The first part of the operation was, to 
extract the brains through the nostrils 
with ^ crooked instrument of iron ; for 
the more ready performance of which 
the medium septum of the nose was 
cut away ; the vacuities were then fill- 
ed up with perfumes and aromatic 
compositions. After this, the body 
was opened with much cerenwny. For 
this purpose the priest made a mark 
on the left side, just above the hip, to 
show how far the incision was to be 
made. A particular officer made an 
opening with a very sharp Ethiopian 
stone ^3. As soon as the |)eopIe saw 
this, they pelted him with stones, and 
pursued him with maledictions ; for 
the Egyptians looked with abhorrence 
upon any one who offered violence to 
a .human body either dead or alive. 
The embalmer then inserted his hand, 
and drew out all the viscera except the 
heart and kidneys, while the bowels 
were washed with odours. (Diod. p. 
102.) The entrails were not restored 
to the abdomen, but from a religious 
motive they were thrown into the 
Nilew. (Plut. vol. ii. p. I69, folio, 
Paris, 16^4.) Afterwards, the belly 
was filled with cinnamon, myrrh, and 
other odoriferous drugs ^^i and then 
the orifice of the wound was closed. 
The body outwardly was anointed 
with the oil of cedars and other pre- 
servatives for 30 days. This lengtn of 
time was necessary to administer the 
preparations for drying it and prevent- 
ing its putrefaction. At the expiration 
of this term, the corpse was again 
washed, and wrapped up in many folds 
of linen, paintea with sacred charac- 
ters, and seasoned with gums and 
other glutinous matter. This renders 
the cloth so durable, that it has ])re- 
served its consistence even to the pre^ 
sent day, as many of the specimens, 
lately exhibited in this country, fully 



testify. These swathes of cere-cloth 
were so manifold, that there are sel- 
dom less than a thousand yards of fil- 
leting about one body; and so inge- 
niouslv were the wrappings managed, 
that the lineaments of the deceased 
were easily discernible, even though 
the face was covered with a kind of 
mask fitted with mastic. On the 
breast was spread a broader piece of 
cere-cloth, on which was inscribed 
some memorable sentiment; but, for 
the most part, having the figure of a 
woman with expanded arms. The 
embalmer having done his duty, the 
mummyi* was sent back to the kin- 
dred of the defunct, who deposited it 
in a wooden coffin, made of a species 
of sycamore, called in Egypt PharaoKs 
Jig-tree, Some few coffins have been 
found of solid stone ; a miniature mo- 
del of one in marble was to be seen at 
Belzoni's exhibition, from which he 
says the body had been taken '«. The 
top of the wooden coffin or mummy- 
chest was carved in the shape of a 
woman's head, the face being richly 
painted; the rest of the trunk was 
adorned with hieroglyphics, and the 
lower end was broad and flat like a 
pedestal, on which the coffin was 
placed erect in the place designed for 
Its reception. The body of Joseph 
was put in a coffin. Gen. ch. 1. v. 26. 
The corpse was lastly conveyed down 
the Nile to its final destination, in a 
vessel called Baris'^'^, The mode just 
described was the most expensive, and 
adopted by the rich only ; those, how- 
ever, who were unable or unwilling to 
go to so great an expense, had recourse 
to a more simple process. 

A quantity of cedar-oil and aromatic 
liquors was injected, by means of a sy- 
ringe, into the body at the anus ; after 
thi^ it was laid in nitre for sevehty 
days, when the pipe was withdrawn. 



12 Probubly the same kind of stone used in circumcision. Exod. ch. iv. v. 25. 

^ Mr. Belzoni assures us, that the vases or urns exhibited in London contained the 
bowels of mummies ; but it is more probable that they are the reconditories of the ibisj or 
other sacred animals. 

'AwoQaVorrdCf 9t rapi^ivovrtSy ^avrovat cy ipwt ^tixtxri. Herod. 

M The spices, which the Ishraaelitish merchants were carrying into Egypt when Joseph 
was sold, were no doubt designed, for embalming. Gen. ch. xxxvii. v. 25. 

^ Momia or Mumia, quasi Amomiaj i. e. cadaver amnmo conditum: Vossius. For ihA 
jhnomus, brought from Syria, was a principal ingredient in the medicaments ; it was mixed 
with spices to make that ointment with which the body was seasoned. 

^ The catacombs were ransacked by the Persians on the invasion of Egypt by Cam- 
byses, son of the great Cyrus. Herodotus states, that jthis infuriate prince ordered the 
body of Amaiis, the late king, to be untottbed and burnt. Llb..iii. c. 16. 
' 17 Bafts, navigii gtnus, Suid&s : hence is probably derived our Bnglish word tier. 



^6 Ring with a Uiniatun of King CkarU$. I. [July* 

and the oil, rannhig out, carried with , Mr. Urbah, . Afiril SS> 

it the paunch and entraiU, while the . gEND you the description of a 

nitre coosuined the flesh, leaving no- | curious ring, which 1 think wHl 

thing but skin and bones. ^e acceptable to many of your readen. 

The bodies of the poorer people j belief it is unique, but shottM 

were filled with a nitrous composition. ^f j^em be better informed, they 

which had such virtue and efficacy as ^j}, y^ ^y; ^^ ^y stating 

to consume the intestines. They were ^here7here is anotlier piecis^y like iT 

afterwards wrapt up m bundles of _, l-l- j, r l- 

reed, or branches of the palm-tree. "he ring, which is made of thin 

(Herod, lib. ii. c. 87.) The ^me care ?"« goW, and has four diamonds set 

was bestowed on the sacred animals, «" '^e top, does not at fiwt sight ap- 

such as the ibis, the dog. the cat. the P*" Ff.'«:»'arly worthy of notice; on 

ape. the scarabaeos. the sheep, and in ? <='<^' inspection, however, an open- 

sinie parte, the crocodile", but more '"ft " I^'?=.«P"¥« '" t*** ^"f^ P?«; 

especiilly, on the sacred apis, or ox. »".<• .°n ''f"?8. " "P^ '^^IT '^»»'f'* 

whose festivals were celebrated with nuniature of the head of KingCharie. 

great solemnity and rejoicings. ^^^ First enamelled on a turquoise, pn. 

What raillery have this superstitious "f' "» '*^^f- ^i". "^? "^ ^^e painting 
people been exposed to fro... their sot- ^""^ not exceed the fourth part of ab 
tish veneration Ifor irrational creatures! «nch ; the execution is Rart'cuUriy 
Herodotus. Diodorus. and .Elian, are fi"«. ^nd the likeness excessivdy faith- 
consentient in their ridicule of this f"'i ^e small part of his Nfa|estTi 
stupid idolatry. When a house was •"'"' ^*"<=5 J? ^"'i^^': »PP«»» «"»'" 
on fire, the fither of a family would «<> <hat in jvhich he is usually renre- 

be more anxious to rescue his 6at from »«"?«i' «n<l % P'«* 9^ *« "•?"«• ««» 

the flames, than to save his wife, his ^^ich the George is s^pended, i. 

children, or property. (Herod. 1. ii. d'scernible , on dosing the ring, the 

c. 66.) So infatuated were they, that P""«'' b"^'"" P^Atl u -n^'" 
mothers accounted it a blessing (oh, though miniaturesof Charles the Fim 
horror !) for their children to 6e de- ^'f n°' uncommon, this is peculiariy 
voured by the ravenous crocodile, valuable from the portrait being co». 
they gloried that their ofiipring be- ""'7' and also from ito being sup- 
came food to that fierce crwture. posed to be the «mo«M/ of him whi* 
(JElian. de Nat. Animal. 1. 10, c. 21.1 '^S?'^'"- . .... 
Nay. more, in the extremities of fa- There can be no doubt that itwM 
mine it is said that this deluded peo- """n ^V » '"V*''". when U was dan- 
pie would rather eat one another, than 8"?"' ^ avow the attachment with 
fay violent hands ou these disgusting 'fhich many of Chatl«s adherentt 
objects of worship. (Died. lib. i. p. cherished the memory of their unfoN 
03 ) Juvenal exposes these enormi- »»•"'« sovereign. Relics of this kind 



ties in nervous ancTeloquent language : ^f® consecrated by much higher 

M€r\ ' •*. \7 1 • D-*u --^ 1- J ciations than what the mere crust of 

•* Quis nescit, Volusi Bithymce, qualia de- ^. , ^ . , 

m«na J ' ^ Uttie Dcstows OU them ; and even were 



mens 



iEgyptus portenta colat? Crocodilm adorat ^^*^7 not sufficiently old to excite ^e 

Para hajc; ilia pavet saturam serpentibus notice of the antiquary, they are well 

Hint, deserving of attention from their ex- 
Effigies sacri n'ltet aurea cercopitheci, hibiting a memorial of feelings, which 
Dimidio magicae resonant ubi Menmone must ever command respect and admir 

chorcke, [tii. ration. Loyalty, like friendship, can 

Atque vetus Thebe centum jacet obratapor- only be tried by adversity ; and a mere 

lUic eeeruUos, hie piscem fluminis, illic trifle becomes valuable when it enables 

Oppidatota cowm venerantur ; nemo Dia- ^s more justly to appreciate the real 

nam. ... . ■ L*"* sentiments of men who sacrificed their 

Porrum et cepe r^ehs violare et frangere mor- ^^^^^^.^^^ ^^ ^^^-^ principles. The ring, 

Numin8!La««<Mam>na/iit«ab8tinet omnia perpetuates the faithful devotion of 

Mensa Nefes illic foetura jugulare capells : ?"<^ P\ ^n^r\eb s adherents much more 

Camibus humanis vesci licet l"— forcibly than the pen of the biom- 

Jur. Sat. XV. 1-13. pher, since it is evident that neither 

C. H. the death of the master, nor the hope- 



mfuw»u9t, Harod. Omna fera geniis bestiarum iEgyptii consecranmt. Cic. d€ Nat. iii. S9. 

kssneis 



* 

taBMi'of his came, had otlngoiilMd «Uy; )wttM taffoa ili«lr. midat bo|- 

liii aUachmeiiL It urn be naturally ' tomi.'* Thit afpoont of Cdoiid Gi(- 

«xpeei«d, that the life ot the man who fiird win he coodiikd in the wank 

thna ingeDioinlf aeisieted the tem- of his friend and hiographer. al^yte 

hlanee S featmsy whidi in all pro- qooted-: I — ** He wai a gentlanin^ 

hehiUqr woe a» firmlj iikipreMea on a ver^^ grave ai^d coroe^ aspect, of an 

hiahear^ most have manifested many obli^ng carriage, q( a sober life, and 

pmAdf aeal in the roysl service, and a pious conversation ; such was hit 

li is therafore piesnmed, that the fol- deportment towards men in all his ao- 

knring brief memoir of him, with an tions, as if he were conscious the eye 

aoooont of the manner in which this of God was upon him ; and such his 

memento of loyalty has passed to its behaviour towards God, in th^ in- 

present possessor, will not be deemed stances of devotion and leligion, as if 

an inappropriate addition to these par- he thousht he was a spectacle to an- 

ticulars. flds and to men. Insomocfa hb mh 

■ The ring is supposed to have origi- briety and piety brought great repot^- 

nally bekwged to John Gi£&rd, of tion to the royal cause in those parts 

Brii^Uey, in Devon, Esq. the repre- where he lived, and he was an exc^ 

jpntative of an ancient and highly lent ornament to his profession^ both 

respectable fiunily, which had been as a subject and a christian.? Col. 

seated there for many generations, and Gifiard died in 16Q6, kniving several 

were allied to the best houses in that children § by Joan, bis wife, the 

cqanty ; amon«t others to. those of youngest daughter of Sir John Wynd- 

Greoviile,.£arte, Coriton,and Leigh, nam, of Orchard, in SomerKtshiie, 

He wai bom at Brightley about Uie ancestor of the Earl of Egremont. Her 

year .1600,* and to use the words of brother. Sir John Wyndham, Kol. 

nb Biographer, t " having had a vir- married the sister of Ralph Lood Hon- • 

tuous and liberal education, he • be- ton, who distingubhed himsdf in tfie 

came a verv accomplished gentleman." command of tne royal army at the 

In the civil wars he adhered zealously battle .of Stratton, in CcmwalL Thn 

and constantly to the King, was ap- loyalty of the Wyndham family b.mll 

pointed a^ Colonel in his army, and knovm from the emphatic admonition. 

afforded his utmost aid to hb service, of Sir Thomas Wyndham, a cousin of 

During the Commonwealth Colonel Mrs. GifFard's, to his son, ''not to 

Giffiird suffered severely both in his desert the crown though it hung upon 

person and property, having been "de- a bush.*' || 

cimated, sequestrated, and imprison- On the death of Colonel Giffiurd, 

ed," and was obliged to pay ^^.1136 the ring containing the picture of 

as a composition for his estates. He King Charles was, it was confidently 

continued to be persecuted and op- supposed, given to his daughter Mar- 

J)ressed until the Restoration, when, garet, who just before hcv father's 

ike too many other royalists, " the demise, married John Keigwin, of 

greatest part of the recompense he had Mousehole, in Cornwall, Esq. The 

Tor all his losses, was the satisfaction Keigwin family were also zealous loy- 

of seeing both church and state peace- alists, and one of them, who com- 

* Prince, in the "Worthies of Devon," says, he was bom in 1594, but the Heralds' 
Visitation of that county in 1620, calls him 18 years old in that year. 

+ Prince. J Prince. 

% John Gi£fard, Esq. the late Accountant General of Ireland, of whom there Is aa 
interesting memoir in the Gent. Mag* for 1819, part I. p. 481, was descended from the 
eldest son of Colonel Giffard. He died in 1819, leaving two sons, the eldest of which 
is the present Chief Justice of Ceylon, who is the representative of this ancient family. 
The second son, Stanley Lees Giffard, Esq. is a member of the Honourable Society of tnt 
Middle Temble. 

II Arthur Giffard, the youngest brother of Colonel Giffard, was also a severe sufferer in 
the royal cause ; he was Rector of Biddeford, in Devon, to which he was presented by his. 
kinsman, Granville, Earl of Bath, but soon after the death of the Kins, he was ejected 
firom his living, when he took shelter under the roof of Philip Harris, £sq. Recorder of 
Great Torrington, who married his sister. On the return of charles II. Mr. Giffard was 
wstored to hu benefice, shortly after which he died without issue, and is buried in the 
Chancel of Biddeford Church. 

manded 



as Prodighm f'^Fall of St. Marjf'li^Bifw r^wer, 1270. * [Jury, 

rtandW a small vessel in the kihg's mory of the oldest member of the 

service, is designated in a dispatch from family, it has always been called 

the Parliamentary forces in Cornwall, «« King Charles's ring. X. 

*• as a notable active knave against the ^ 

Parliament.** Mrs. Keigwin survived ,- -- ^ 

her husband many years, by whom she ^"' V ^®^^* Manchesier, May I . 

had a large family, and at her death, I T will not be considered as greatU 

m 1739, bequeathed her jewels and *- lessening the fame of so voiumi'- 

trinkets to her youngest son, the Rev. nous atid excellent a writer as the 

John Keigwin, Clerk, who married author of ** Guy Mannering," to have 

Prudence, the sister and heiress of detected him in one instance of pla- 

William Busvargus, of Busvargus, in giarism. 

iComwally Esq. * and by her left two }\ occurs in the character of Do- 
daughters and coheirs. Miss Busvar- minic Sampson, who frequently uses 
gus, however, married to her first hus- the exclamation "prodigious !** 
band, the Rev. Jonathan Toup, Clerk, That highly-esteemed novel having 
and was by him the mother of the been dramatised, and the expression 
learned Jonathan Toup, Clerk, the having become of frequent occurrence 
Editor of Longinus, Emendationes in in common conversation, it appears to 
Suidam, &c. f As Mr. Keigwin, be proper to give the merit of it to 
who died in 176I, appointed his wi- Congreve, who had employed it in 
dow his sole executrix, the ring passed exactly a similar sense in two of his 
to her, and she dying in 1 773, left her plays, viz. in "The Old Batchelor," 
son by her first marriage, Mr. Toup, and in ** The Double Dealer,** long 
her executor, when that sentleman before the publication of •* Guy Man- 
became possessed of it. Mr. Toup nering." M. Ward, M.D. 
died unmarried in 1785, and by his ^ 
will entailed the estates of his mother's Mr Urban M 8 
family on the issue of his nieces, the m-w^ur? -j* . n 1 j ^x^ ^y *• 
three daughters and coheirs of Anne, HPHE accident alluded to (Part I. p. 
his half sister, the youngest daughter ..^.n^l^ happened m the 55 Henry III. 
of his father-in-law, JoSn Keigwin, ^^^7^^' ^°^ '^' ^»^^ ^.^« circumstances 
and the grand-daughter of Margaret Z^'""^ ^[T ""i"^ ""f '^' '^'^^ .'" *® 
GifFard, daughter oT Colonel Giflard, ^9' Roll for London, comprising en- 
of Brightley? Phillis, the eldest of ^"^? ^^,'^^ ^^f^ of the Crown, held 
these daughters, married Nicholas ^"/^"S ^^^^ ^^^ *^y£[^l P';?^.^"^ ?od 
Harris Nicholas, of East Looe, in subsequent years. The following is a 
Cornwall, Esq. Major of the Royal correct transcript of the record, and may 
Cornwall Fencible Cavalry , and being ^^ acceptable to some of your reader^ 
Kkewise the executrix to her unci? \^^'^ it appears that the stone, and 
Air. Toup, inherited the ring, but other materials of the Bell Tower, va- 
rying sine prole in 1799, it went to ^^.^^.^J ^0 marks, which became for- 
her husband, who died in I8I6, like- ^^'^^^ ^« the King as a deodand, were 
wise without issue, and by his will restored by him to the Prior and Con- 
bequeathed the ring to his nephew, y^"^ ^^ ^^^ Church of Christ at Can- 
John Toup Nicholas, Esq. a Captain t^rbury. 

of the Navy, and Companion of the " Accidit die m'cur* proxima ante festum 

Order of the Bath, on whom also, as P"'* ^'? Mar*, q'd quid m Joh'nes de Gyn- 

the eldest son of the only one of Mr. g»:. ^,\®^ , -^^^.^^^'^'^f .^..^^' *» 

Tonn»« thrpp nierpa h#»fnrp mpntinnprf Haliwell. Matild nept eiusd*m. M«rg^ 

ioup s three nieces before mentioned, ^^ Hau*halle. Ph's TUfy. Will'ms de Htr^ 

who had issue, that celebrated scholars ciemencia que fuit vi' Rob*i de Penk^L 

estates are entailed, and who is the ^gn' de Huntyngfeud. Joh'nes le PoS?^ 

pwat-grcat-great-grandson of Colonel Alicia de Vynere. Andr' de Suthwerk. An- 

Giffard, the original ownei' of the ring drea que fuit vx' Joh'nU de Albemton. pp- 

in question. p'ssi fuerunt campanario ecc'ie sc*i Mar*- 

' It is proper to add that, in the me- de Arcub*. London' que cecidit sup' ip'oa. 

* The family of Busvargus were originall]f called Lethon, but oft purchasing the eatate 
of Bttsvareos in the early part of the reign of Elizabeth, they assumed that name. At m 
proof of the manner in wnich the okl Conush families intermarried with each other, it ig 

Worth remarking, that for six generations the Busvargus &mUy married within thirty aabt 
of their own house, and generally within ten miles : it is equally curious^ that tlus toK^aA 
portions of each wife never, in the whole of that period, varied more than 50/. 

•f For a memoir of this eminent scholar, see Gent. Mag. for 1785, p. 185. 

Pretium 



«r 



iMtUtainmi and Caitoi RoigWp^V 
tha Ccnd^ of BodaiflMH, of ^ Mriii 

lYtoMnrFaMT 

»t<ii«i€f u.^; 

daWMoheppetimiDinuniiiiu- giplmnbiun Mr. U KB AM, AnH4; 

{^ o<D'i» ■lis simjin donn twu'Di d'do • rf'HE Conntj CourU are of a *«iy 
WDftb ii^num' D'nm, do>, eUd'm Priori 1 ancient origin ; and, eaoKdaiiA 

ItConrainii'^un&ctr' ToleuMiadp'Hiif thbt they are (generallv tpeakine) thS 

Mlona & oooca>Mn' aWm petrun mu- only Courts we have for the TccoretV 

Minrn idimibimt b oV »J« eimd'm Ann' <,f 1[Mna under M». ind inch ai the 
»d«o<«i«« «p..|j, 10 >B«um n«m ^ class chiefly reiort to. mahf 

■d'^.Jm ?^\ (inv'.oti"'^ " <»«?=«•« j""ice at a lijifat expeSU; 

«™n.™a,pl™W&o-l.di.d'«W. ""^ '"'''^\? A* «^<«'«'" Of the 

iB mMu' B-^ CU.U occ-oM p'd"™ rwti- ""'"."■ On 'f^e contiaty. Ihi^ are «x. 

Mi bat da dono n'm. T, mmp'o *pud pensive Courtj ; freqneat uutancM o»> 

Wertm'. xij die Mut'. umo R. a', quia- ^^^ wbere a penon is inmiDOiMd (at 

tfM^Mlmo q'nto." payment of a shilling ; it inay happeo 

I sball beobli«d tp any of your that the money W been paid, ana tlw 

Corre8poi.dent» who will refer me to P""? ™"m«ied knowioi it, bat ^ 

a wort on the French MooMWries, "/""" ™' 'he Cwirt will n^i^ fnr- 

or afibrd me infonnation respectiag '''*' P"^ *{?"" •"» """!• ""Tl* »•» 

the Abbey <rf St. Lamber of Letlens . iuramMii; if the matter »«!«W here 

ThiB Ahbey was founded before 1 146, *»=?"'* "icirtred ate, I beliCTe, fiw 

tod a Deed in ISll from the Abbot *it"l!ing> and four oence. They m«y 

ta Chapter of that Monastery ii "'■"P": *« ityled Courts where stnet 

dated at Ath : I therefore presume justice cannot be had; if a man swears 

that the House was situate in or near t^at I owe him a sum of money, al- 

diat town. Iq Cave's Chartophylaji ]^.'^"S\} may never before have seen 

Ecclesiasticiis, p. 147, an Abbey at him, this is suflieietit to entitle bim to 

L<etien» is mentioned, but within » *^'<^'- ""batever I may swear to the 

what jurisdiction does not M>pear. "^"^f^' ="^ 'n^'™- a"'*^"'' °^T' 

Youn, &c. St. Newman- «f *« Courts confessed to me, that 

^ nothing but a receipt would discharge 

■■ Mt.Ubiia-, July 18. y" '"'?'" ^^^ ^"^t ; a receipt you wBI 

1 N Part I. page 163, yon mention the ^%' "*!«" ^ """ '""''' '"= <'ebt ! 
I magnificVnlpresenloftheDnkeof It has always been considered, that 

Buckingham to the Church of Buck- ^ '"'^'^'L » Hainliff to sue in th« 

ingham" without naming the Aiiisi, Connl? Co"r". he must reduce hn 

}S W R Linton of Birminehum "^''t to somewhat less than Wi. and 

Thi w<irk h^ing r^cived the highest ^ Pi^^luded from recovering mow; 

euloginms from all that have seen it, ^ut by the present system, I am told, 

I t^nk YOU will agree with me, that '^at ^^l^'""* '"»5' ^b™" *"« d^*>^ 

Mr. Eirinton's nami should be record- fo' !««• by summonmg him first tat 

ed wiffiyour account of this splendid fd;- iHd. and then for as much more, 

window, on which is painted the foi- t*'"? remainder of the debt, and «« 

r„™;^„in.™ni;nn. "tones quoties' in like manner, untd 

i?.^ '^V^.'., .J. the !«)(. is paid. This is, I conceive, 

" This Painted Window WBS presented to ,._ „.„,„„„,-„„ „r ;„,,;L, i „„.,ij 

the Church o( the BoronghJ^dPwbh of tb'.vc? contrary of justice. I could 

KS^°b, the MD.f High. Mighty, wish that Mr Brougham, who has 

^mS.4 NoWe Prince RichLd Diie if "■^'^^J succeeded in preventing the 

fln,4nwUni»iidCli«i<to«,M»rqui.of Chw- f>°°' f™"" being robbed of their chari- 

iat. Mid But Temple of Stowe, m iho ties, would take the trouble, as he_ha» 

CqMtf of BucViDghuDi in the Uoitad the power, to institute an inquiry lOW 

Kwdon of Gmt Biitun ud IreUnA, the practice and fees of the inferiCK 

MaraiA of BBckiaghun, E«l Temple, ud Courts. S. A . 

Conrui 



40 



Ben*et College, Cambridge. 



iSxAf, 



Corpus Christi Colliob, Cambridge. 

fTlHE ceremony of laying the fint 'stone 
JL of the new buildings at Corpus Christi 
CoUege took place on \\'ednesday, the 2d 
of July. The day was auspiciously fine, 
and the arrangements which had been made 
were so judicious and complete, that nothing 
was wanting to give due effect to a scene, 
rendered the more interesting from the ra- 
rity of its occurrence, and the prospect 
which it opens of increasing the splendour 
of the public edifices in this celebrated seat 
o£ learning and science. 

The Members of the University, in full 
academical costume, assembled in tlie Senate 
House, and formed themselves into the fol- 
lowing Order of Procession : 

Yeoman Bedell. 

Esquire Bedells. 

The Vice-Cliancellor, in his robes. 

High-Steward of the University. 

Commissary of the University. 

Noblemen in their robes, two and two. 

Heads of Colleges, in robes, two and two. 

Doctors iu Divinity, in robes, two and two. 

Doctors in Law and Physic, two and two. 

Public Orator. 

Professors of the University. 

Assessor to the Vice-Chancellor. 

Proctors, in their congregation habits. 

Public Registrar and Public Librarians. 

Taxors, Scrutators, and other Officers. 

Bachelors in Divinity and Civil Law, and 

Masters of Arts, two and two. 

Bachelors of Arts. 

Fellow Commoners. 

Undergraduates. 

The procession, thus arranged, moved on 
towards the site of the new buildings, where 
they were received by the Master and Fel- 
lows. The Rev. Thomas Shelford, M. A. 
Tutor of the college, then delivered a Latin 
oration, at once appropriate to the occasion, 
expressive of gratitude towards those bene- 
factors by whose munificent liberality they 
were enabled to perform this great work, 
and complimentary to the noble High Stewr 
ard and nis illustrious ancestors, several of 
whom had been members of the college. 

The upper part of the foundation stone 
being then raised, the Master (the Rev. 
John Lamb, B. D.) presented the gold, 
silver, and copper coins of the present reign, 
to the High Steward, who placed them in 
a cavity prepared to receive them; his 
Lordship having previously expressed, in 
elegant and forcible terms, his deep sense 
of the honour conferred upon him, in being 
requested to perform this pleasing service 
for a Society, towards whom he felt the 
Hi(^est esteem. 

The two parts of the foundation stone 
were then dovetailed together, and the whole 
having been raised to a proper elevation, the 
•rohitect (William Wilkins, Esq.) handed a 



silver trowel to the High Steward, who ae- 
eofdingly spread the mortar, after which the 
stone was lowered to its place, when his 
Lordship concluded that part of the cere- 
mony by striking it with a mallet and apply- 
inffthe level and square. 

The foundation being thus laid with the 
accustomed formalities, the Rev. the Master 
of the College offered an appropriate prayer. 

The anthem Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem, 
was afterwards sung by the university ch<Hr. 
The Vice-Chancellor then pronounced a hiB- 
nediction, and the procession removed firom 
the ground. 

After the Vice-Chancellor's benediction^ 
the workmen gave three cheers, in which 
the spectators joined. 

The inscription on the plate which en- 
closed the cavity wherein the ccnns wero 
deposited, was as follows : — 

QVAS • PECVNIA8 

CVSTODI • ET • SOCIJS 

COLLEGII • CORPORIS ' CHRISTI * ET • BBATiC 

VIRGINIS * MARIA 

IN ' ACAOEMIA ' CANTABRIGIEN8I 

AD'NO V AS* ET ' AM PLIORES 'iEDES * EXTRVBNDAS 

MVNIFICE -TESTAMENTO * LEGAVERVNT 

REVERENDISSIIVWS * IK * CHRISTO ■ PATBR 

THOMAS * HERRING 

ARCHIEPISCOPVS • CANTVARIBNSI8 

NECNON ' PATRES * ADMOOVM * RBVBRBNDl 

EJVSDEM ' COLLEGII * OLIM * CV8TODBB 
MATTHIAS * MAWSON * EPISCOPVS * BLIEN8IB 

ET 

JOANNES • GREEN ' EPISCOPVS * LINCOLNIBNSIS 

£ AR VM * INCREMENTO * QVV M * TALIS * TANOBK. 

CONFECTA • SIT * SVMMA 

QVALIS • AD • TANTVM * CONSILIVM 

EXEQVENOUM * SVPPBTAT 

HOC • LAPIDB • POSITO 

OPERIS • INITIVM • FECIT 

■VIR • NOBILISSIMV8 

PHILIPPVS * COMES * DE * HARDWICKB 

ORDINIS * PERISCBLIDIS * BQVES 

SVMMVS.HVJVSCB*ACADEMI£'SEMB8CHALLVB 

DIE * SECVNDO * JVLII 

ANNO • SALVTI8 * M.DCCC.XZIII. 

FAXIT • DEVS • OPTIMVS • MAXIMTS 

VT • HOC • DIV • SPERATVM ' OPuS 

NVNC * TANDEM * SySCBPTVM 

RELIGIONI 

^NIS * MORIBV8 

PRBLSTANTIBVS * OMNIBV8 * ARTIBVB • AC 

DISCIPLINIS 

FELICITER * EVENIAT. 

The site where this interesting cenemmy 
took place was admirably arranged for Htm 
accommodation of the University, and of 
the numerous assemblage of ladies who tAi- 
lif ened the gratifying scene l^ their gnce 
and beauty. Indeed so intense waa the 
anxiety displayed by thousands to view the 
proceedings, that the streets were crowdei^ 
and the windows and tops of the houitB* 
and adjacent buildings were covered wWh* 
spectators. *••. 

REVIEW^ 



i«B.3 



[ 41 ] 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



1. ArchmohgUh or MisceUaneous TretcU 
rektimg to Aniiqidtyy fuUished hy the So- 
ciety rfAntiqucaies qf London. VU* xx, 
p,u 4to.pp.47S. 

THE Literary character of modern 
Archaeological Essays keeps pace 
"With the eeneral improvement m every 
branch of science. Papers got up, se- 
cundum artem, in an elaborate scho- 
lar-like manner, worthy Historians 
of the highest rank, accompany the 
pleasant trifling of the mere black-let- 
ter Quotationist ; the Man of Learning 
confers oracular authority upon high 
subjects, and the amateur Collector 
destpiiS'in-loco, (we anglicize the 
phrase) from his curious stores. The 
utility of these dissertations in both 
Yiews we conceive to be great, be- 
cause we possess only philosophical 
modem -Histories of England; and 
every man of reading knows, that ap- 
plications of the modes of writing 
adopted by Tacitus and Hume to na- 
tions acting upon the principles of 
the Feudal System, is just as absurd 
as would be elucidations of Thucydides 
and Herodotus from the works of 
Craig and Ducange. 

In the last Volume we had occa- 
sion to commend the elaborate and 
masterly dissertation upon Ancient 
Armour, by Dr. Meyrick *; improved, 
we are truly glad to hear, into a dis- 
tinct work, with excellent plates, for 
want of which it was before absolutely 
spoiled. Another disquisition of simi- 
lar high character, as to science, opens 
the Volume before us, viz. Mr. Webb's 
elaborate performance, of which we 
shall speak soon. It is accompanied 
with engravings of the illuminations, 
which, oy the way, show the forked 
beard, thought peculiar to the Anglo- 
Saxons. \A'c congratulate the Society 
on these additions. The French are, 
says Warton, a nation of Antiquaries; 
and, as nothing can be more absurd 
than to think that mere illustration 
requires finished expensive plates, (be- 
cause comprehension of the subject, 
not display, is the object in question, 

* We cordially forgive Dr. Meyrick for 
his anger with us, because we did not think 
with him, that ears were made to see. 

Gent. Mag. July, 1823. 



and it would be foolish to send a mere 
specimen of pottery for the execution 
of a Sir Joshua Reynolds,) we higlilj 
approve of the reasoning of Dr. Bur- 
rows upon this subject, which we shall 
here quote : 

<<The style of engraving [au trait or 
outline] is not popular in EJogland, though 
adopted very generally, and with great suc- 
cess, upon the Continent. There is no 
book extant, which conveTS so much in- 
formation, with regard to the arts of punt- 
ing and statuary, as tke Armales de MuUe^ 
published at Paris by M. Landon. The 
immense number of copies from the old 
masters, which it affords, at a compara- 
tively small cost, renders it an invaluable 
treasure either to the amateur or practical 
professor. By means of this, and other si- 
milar publications, the library of the artiet 
may be well furnished, and that of the An- 
tiquai^ or Collector much improved, at a 
price less than that of a doaen finished en- 
gravinffs, as they are sold at the present 
day. The advantages attending the enor- 
mous saving of time and labour, and con- 
sequently of expense — the facDitf thus ac- 
quired of diffusbg a general and mstructed 
taste for the compositions of the best 
schools, are too obvious to need any de- 
monstration." — Elgin Marbles, I. pref. xi. 



XH. 



This reasoning, we conceive, to be 
perfectly just, because in numerous 
Archaeological subjects, delineation 
of form is the only desideratum. Such 
is the French plan, and though we 
know that their egotism in scientific 
claims is most unconscionable, yet in 
Historical Antiquities they have sound 
pretensions. The famous Glossary of 
Ducange stands at the head of every 
compilation in the Science. Without 
it a profound knowledge of MedijBval 
Antiquity would have been for ever 
lost. It cost him thirty-years labour. 
In return for it, says Menage, Ducange 
was offered a seat (we quote from me- 
mory) in the Academy. He thanked 
them. 

VVe have gone into this excursus^ 
from a further view. We are of opi- 
ninion, that one day or other, we 
may possess a History of England, 
compiled solely from the Archaeolo- 
gia, which may be the standard, if not 
the only accurate History of England 

known. 



42 Review. — /irchaologia. [J^y» 

known. We are certain that this is form and manner of these Reviews 
just as practicable as the issue of owe their birth to the Notices; but 
Mant and D'Oyl/s Bible by the So- (setting aside (juestions of principle) 
ciety for Promoting Christian Know- in a literary view highly ameliorate 
ledge; and we should like to sec an- ed ; for the disposition of the brass 
nounced, ** A Plistory of England, nails in their trunk -making, and the 
published under the authority of the lackering and patterning of them, is 
Antiauarian Society.'* We use the far superior to the mere unnoticeable 
woru Antiquarian, though it is not tacks and brads with which the French 
Johnsonian, because we conceive it have fastened on their leather, 
to be of no more moment to convert It is properly observed by Mr. Fos- 
a substantive into an adjective for con- broke, that our ancestors never would 
venience, than to change a sovereign endure a Sovereign who was not a 
into silver. , general and a man of business (Berke- 
The excellence of Mr. Webb's ley MSS. p. 17), and Richard II. was 
" Translation of a French Metrical not the one or the other. It is an 
Bistort/ of the Deposition of King e very-day case for wise parents to save 
Richard the Second, written hy a Con- larec fortunes for children who prove 
temporary, and comprising the period bad, foolish, and extravagant ; and we 
from his last Expedition into England apprehend that the main cause lies in 
to his death,'' which translation is the their acquaintance only with iudul- 
first article in the work, has led us gence, prosperity, ana pleasure, of 
into this turn of thinking. which weakness, in the commerce of 
The deposition of Richard II. forms life, is a common, if not general re- 
more than one article in the Notices suit. In all probability Richard was 
des MSS. published by the French a spoiled child ; but if not, he had one 
Scavans. 1 raiislations of the articles failing, (seep. 102) which inevitably 
concerning his deposition, at least the renders a man unpopular, that of being 
substantials, were published in the a fop. It has been observed of fops. 
Monthly Magazine, we think, be- by philosophers, that though they 
tween the years I8O9 and 1811, and would lay out a hundred pounds iu 
these translations were made by the walking-sticks, they would not give 
writer of this article. Of the Notices half as many shillings for a charitable 
in general, as they are now becoming or philanthropic purpose. That sfich 
known, oneu'emark may be obtruded, men cannot command respect, if they 
viz. that they are more compiled to have not great qualities, which out- 
show off the writer, than the subject; shine failings, is obvious.^ Of these, 
that on scientific points they are often Richard had none. Kings in petti- 
dry, and absolutely tiresome ; and on coats there may be, as we know from 
those of History and Philosophy, me- Elizabeth ; and also from Richard 
taphysicize and wiredraw to an un- that there may be Queens in breeches. 
reasonable lengthiness ; whereas, in Richard, who had only been used tt> 
our opinion, with regard to ancient flattery, like a beauty, had all the im- 
Manuscripts, the grand object is to bccility of such a female in a state of 
know what are their contents, so far distress. He was undecided, vindic- 
as those contents illustrate Ancient tive, whining, thoroughly a frivolous 
History and Manners, while the very character ; known only to his suUects 
opposite plan, that adopted, is only by expense and luxury, nor, Mr. Webb 
proper for modern points of Philoso- says, was the smallest regard to be paid 
sophy. Politics, Political Econom^r, to his word. In what light sucli a 
Theology, or Physics, where a Cri- character was held, in his own period, 
tical Comment upon the Merits is ab- is well drawn by Hotspur, in his de- 
solutely necessary to prevent the Reader Hncation of the Butterfly with the 
being misled. But who wants Com- Pouncet-box. Unfortunately for him- 
mentaries of such a character upon self, he was in such a high situation^ 
Chaucer, a Review a fAdam Smith that to kill him would pay powder 
upon Warton's History of Poetry? and shot; and he suffered, because 
We know that the Edinburgh lie- no man who lives out of the world 
view was projected, at least discussed can be fit for business, and in his days 
before its appearance, at the table of Government was not conducted by a 
the late Marquess of Lansdowne; and Minister and Parliament who tutcned 
we are inclined to think that the new him in business. The French were 

par- 









«^«gtion of Kdmi,; bedtmc^ iilfs i«bellioti|» would nol, we tappoir, hattm 



lUgk Author of ihn MiflirMd Histbrjrj been uoknown td any torereiffo of the 

amelig other ki^tt (we should call meaneit capacity. Vet Ricnard api* 

dMBHi wcakneNea) Of iUehard, he was peats to have been ignorant of this 

particplaiiy food of Frenchmen, whiclt almost obvious suggeition, and ho 

uqpopnllr.ffiialiUr his subjects no doabt listened to treacherous counsels of pro- 

deUiUd.. NoQtnncon lias given a full- cirastinationy without the smallest ap- 

Id^h figjore of Richard,' and other prehension of bad results. TUt mea- 

SoMtiJgBs conteroporaiy with Charles sures which he took were those of the' 

VL- in which our unrortunate King veriest dupe possible ; but the circum- 

ffpJMHffs nearly in the costume of £d* stances are printed in the Histories of 

ward Wh or a Blue-coat 'Boy, with a England. The narrative only enten 

giidlei'from which is suspended a into interesting details and explana^ 

pdrse and his gloves, hanging by two ttons. 

iiripa. We notice this, because it is Of the judgment, and the recondite 

tfuile a difimnt costume from that of research, visible through the whole df 

tm |dS. before us, where he is some- Mr. Webb's ample and valuable elu* ' 

titttea uncommonly fine, fit for a stage cidations, we can speak conscientiously 

hefo. in terms of unqualified approbation. 

The advance of Richard against the They are exactly such as a high seho- 

Irish is marked by the following trait lar and a profound antiquary would 

oCOttkic tactics. approve : and, if it be true, as we have 

"its whole host [of the IrUh] were ^^'^ that Mr. Webb meditates a 

«S|H»blsd »t tke entrance of the deep ^^H "P?" ^^® Crusades, we are sure 

wMs, and every one put lumself rigfct that it will not be a iejune narrative of 

lijA in amy { tat it was thought, fat iucideiit, but that display of the sob- 

'd^ time»' that we slumld have battle, (p. ject in all its multifarious grand bea'r- 

^.) — Neitber could any perscm, however ingf, with regard to its operations on 

m Qdglit be furaished with bold and va- society and the arts, in which form 

BmiS mco, find a peesage, the woods are so alone it ought to be treated. 

d^gSKOni. Yon most know, that it U so In p. 28 we find a mistake made by 

deep in many places, that nnleas you are gir John Davies, viz. aeaghts, or 

rnynrefiil to observe where you go, you jj^^ . ^^^^^ , whereas Creagkis 

wdi plunge m up to the middle, or .mk ^^^ ^^^ iierdsmen. See Spenser, (View 

m altogether, p. 32. ^j. j^^j ^^ ^^ ^^^3 ^^^ ^^,j^ ^j^^^ 

Now, M. Paris says, that the Welch Boolies.) Ledwich's Irel. 376, et alios. 

used to post themselves in front of We shall extract one part which re- 

woods, into which they fled to draw lates to the Coronation Championship. 

on their enemies, and when they ^w ,,^^^ ChampUm.-^T\i^ origin of the 

them entangled m swamps, attacked champions of England is derived by Cam- 

them to advantage. M. Fans, pp. 821, ^^^ ^^^^ ^^le Kilpecs, of Kelpec, in He- 

31 1. 11 • r refordshire, who held that office in the he- 

In p. 40 we have an illustration from ginning of the Normans. ThU nohle la- 
Godwin of the Irish barter of cows for mily became extinct in the male line hf 
horses ; and computation by the former, the death of Hugh Kilpec about 9 Job. 
instep of money. Here we beg to make and his seccmd daughter Joan married Phi- 
ao additional observation. Ancilla^ lipMarmion. Philip was a celebrated warr^ 
also, as fines of four and//«P, were reck- rior under Henry III. and in his time I 




vi.- Ducanee v. Anctll^.) We believe "?- ^»^""J "J . ' 7\ k- /""„"' TjV 

VI. j^uvau^c^ 1 -J i^^ti^^ ^c «„• this was a grant made to hira by Henry Ul. 

that It was a horrid practice of our ^^ ^^^^^^%f his great fidelity and eminent 

Ando-Saxon ancestors to export slaves ^^^^.^^^^ ^^^ that the office of Champion, 

to Ireland, and Ossian says that a ^^^^^^ ^y the decease of the Kylpecs, was 

hundred maids/rom disianl lands were revived in that individual, and att^hed to 

the rewards of gallant warriors. the Manor." p. 2O8. 

Henry of Bolingbroke took advan- ^ -n 1 i u ..\.a' 

tase of this absenc? of Richard to land ■ Camden and Dagdale have settled - 

in England, and excite that insurrec the matter in a manner winch is m- 

tion vvhich cost Richard his Crown, complete and unsatisfactory, so far as 

So common a law of politics, as concerns the above paragraph. The 



44 



litrtEW.-^Archaolog'uu 



tJuir, 



question hat cootideiabie difficultiei. 
Tbeie may have been other Cham- 
pionsj besides those of office ; and yet 
m hw, the Kius could have no Cham- 
pion. In Dugdale's Monasticon (II. 
g73) a Richard Baiocis, Campio Regis, 
is witness to a Charter of Kins Henry 
I.; and Queen Elizabeth had certain 
heroes in tilting, denominated, honoris 
ergo, her personal Champions, while 
Dimock is styled her Champion byofiice. 
(See Nichols's Progresses, I. xliv. Oo. 
new edit.) ; and (2dly) we find the fol- 
lowina; contradictory pssage in Brac- 
ton, L. iii. Tract. 2. cap. 21, § U, 
** Rex non pugnat, nee alium hahet 
campionem quam i)atriam.*' See Du- 
cange, ▼. Campio, where it is inferred, 
that the Coronation Champion merely 
represents tlie nation, so far as con- 
cerns his appearance at the solemni- 
ties. That tne Dimocks did claim by 
descent from the Marmions, as hold- 
ing under them in Grand Serjeant;^, 
from the time of Richard II. is evi- 
dent from the Michaelis Fines 1st 
Henry VI. Camden's authority, Mat- 
thew Paris, is very minute concerning 
the Ceremonials of Coronations, and 
mentions various offices, connected 
with that solemnity, but not that of 
the Championship, see p. 356, where 
he is very diffiise ; but for particulars 
omitted, ne refers to the Rolls of the 
Exchequer. These therefore may sup- 
ply the puzzling hiatus between the 
time of the early Normans and the 
reign of Richard II. from whence 
authenticity commences ; perhaps the 
fine roll mentioned may recite, and 
throw new light upon the subject. 
We are unable to pursue it further. 

The^^reat question concerning Rich- 
ard II. IS the manner of his death, and 
that is roost ably discussed by Mr. 
Webb, and followed by two essays from 
the pen of Mr. Amyot. Three modes 
ha%*e been mentioned by Historians. 
1. Violent death by means of Piers 
Exton and accomplices, which is in 
toiot particulaijy by Mr. Amyot*, 
auccessfullv disproved. 2. Suicide, 
by declining food. 3. Compulsory 
Stan*ation. Our own opinions are, 
from comparing the passages^ that 
Richanl, half broken- ncarted, from 
extreme unhappiness, pined and lost 
all ap)H'tite, and that advantage was 

* The iofpTtnce from the prrtctded skull 
ef Richtfd, i» confuted in Ne«Ie*s West- 
Miaster Abbev. ii. 110. 



taken of the circumstanc*, to render 
any return of hanger unnecessary, by 
withdrawing the means of remiyvii^ 
it t in short, that he first fasted fron 
nervous disease, and lastly from com- 
pulsion. 

Mr. Amyot very amiably and loy* 
ally endeavours to ward off such a 
stiema from the memory of Henry 
IV. ; but in our Review of Nicolas'* 
Life of Davison (part L p. 5S3) it will 
be seen, from undeniable authority, 
that Elizabeth wished Mary Queea 
of Scots to be privately assassinated; 
and that the Clergy in their icrnioiia 
at Paul's Cross, recommended such a 
measure upon Russian priociplcss at a 
thing in course, quite tair and sdlow- 
able. Contemporary thinking can alone 
illustrate contemporary action. 

The third article of'^this part of the 
Volume is. 

Some remarks on the early use of 
Carriages in England, ana on the 
modes of Travelling adopted hy our 
Ancestors. By J. ii. Markland^ Esq. 
F. R. S. and b. A. — There are some 
original descriptions of carriages, which 
have always been in vogue firom the 
Classical aeras. 1. The litter, carried 
upon poles, by men or horses, like 
the seaan. 2. The caravan, or cart 
with a tilt, the carpentrum, &c. 3^ 
The one-horse chaise, seeo upon an- 
cient marbles. 4. The long wi^sod 
on low wheels, like the tram m a 
rail-road, but with a pole. 5. The 
common cart. The rule in general 
is, that no horses are seen drawii^^ 
lengthways among the Clastical An- 
cients, but always abreast, and it may 
be fairly conjectured, that the Romana 
had none with four wheels till the de- 
cline of the empire ; for these acoom- 
pany only bas-reliefs of barbarians on 
the Trajan Column, but appear as Ro- 
man upon the pretended Antonine, 
Theodosian, and Constantian Monu- 
ments. High wheels are also in ap- 
pearance another addition, derived 
about the same time from the Bar- 
barians. As to covered carriagea* none 
appear but the Carpentum with the 
tut, nor any of them suspended. The 
Carpentum had a driver with reins; 
for TuH'ia went to the Forum in a 
Carpentum, and Livysays, *'restitnit 
pavidus atque inhibuit nenos, is qui 
jumenta agebat." L. i. c. 48. Cmr^ 
ruc^ nuianfes are presumed to hare 
been suspended canii^gcs, but if so^ 
they were only bodies of carriages* 

hong 



lw<% ^ptn ritipt 'cf lwinr» Jtill 
ilwnnrt Tb«e iJm iPOD to hive eoBUL 
iniatbededtiaeofclMEaipifeb. .£>»• 
ongB <v. CanrnaO q«otet Ptolktot* 
£piat. 10 adilerenHi, as <«ying» '*Cir-. 
comAni SeMloKi proseMebuitiir cmth 
rum mOmUhm/* aad theo ohservea, 
*• IHn: pflr c«mic«f mUmUi ezpniiit* 
niAlbr^ oimicaf hodieniM, mu» cAo- 
fw^' ^fwulMt Yocabauft Galii noalvi, 
•M cwrroi MBpeotok'' These whole 
ijkjti» eeem to hm mm way to 
eiNMig letihem stnfM banguig irom 
ipoodeo Of iron npirightt. as m the 
ItimA MKfa^9 State Cania^» and the 
inuBcnrat prints by Kip^ m Sir Ro- 
bert: Athuis's Gloiioestenhire. Dome- 
oorevei stete ean» and caravans open 
fl^ the ikieB» appear from the 14th 
ccataiy» bnt the arche^rpe of Uie de- 
BM*<yfal modecn coach, appears in Mr. 
Maikland's copy, from the title of a 
aerkms ttact, entkied " Coach and 
Sedan pkasandy disputing for place 
amA preoedenoe, the Brewer*8 cart 
behig ' Modctator." London, 1696. 
The Coadi U' engraved, pi. xviii. f. 
7^ and is thus described, 

' '^Tba other (tha cfweli) wu a tMek 
few tqusn sett ftflov la a doaUtt of 
VUi IrnllMr, biana buttontd dowae ^ 
Miiit, ba8fce> ileofas, and wingt, with ■!•»- 
•CKnis wide bootes, fringed at tba top with 
s net fringe, atnd a round breech (aner the 
old fiidiion) gnilded, aad on his backside 
an atdilevemoit of lundry ooats in their 
proper colour." 

The Coachman is next described t 

' <*Hee had only one man before bim, 
wrapt in a red cloake, with wide sleeTes 
tamed up at the hands, and cudgelled diick 
on the bacire and shouMeis, with broad 
ahfauBg laoe (not much unlike that which 
aanmraers make of strawen bats,) and of eaob 
side of bim went a laequay, the one a 
Franeh boy, the other Irish, all suitable 
•lika." p^469. 

It docs not appear, from the draw- 
ing, that more tnan one could sit on 
the box, so that the Lacqueys must 
have walked by the side of the coach j 
the Irish servant being, as usual, a 
running footman, for that was the 
native country of this kind of do- 
mestlck. 

The Swlan, pi. xviii. f. 7, is a small 
house, with lattices, like a large dog- 
kennel. The tract thus describes it. 

** The one (the Sedan) was in a suite of 
greene, after a strange manner, windowed 
before and behind with Iseoglasse (Talc, 



Ghrotiicle. 



al.liils tint eauinealf eaUad HaaMi i 
glasaj havipg twp kwijUowaa ipH o e es M 
gnaiM coats attandfaig lami Aa ooa ever 
waat hsfore, the other aaaasbahiad; thsk 
eoats ware laced down |3)« baek aiilih • 
graaa kee suitable; so ware tbaSr hslft« 
Sleeves, which persuaded me at first tfaay 
were some east suites of their mastsia; 
iheir bai^ were haroessed with laadiai^ 
etagiee, e«t out of a fakie, «s bread aa 
Jhidk oollops of baeoa.** p. 4e«, 

With this article terminates this 
valuable and interesting portion of 
Vol. XX. 



8. 79ie Same Cknmdt, wiA e» SagUi 
IWHMtoioa, aad Nctm Cr Ui c dmni JTm la 
sMlMy • To whiek an tMaif Chrm J ifgi^ 
mU, Taptgr^fkieal, and G\fimgwllmiicm$ 
a than Grammar ^ ike Aac^o-SaxoB 
Language f m now Map of EagfauMl dttrmg 
Ike HqttareJm g PkUet ffOoim, dCc By 
ihe Rev. I. laglraniy B.D. RbOot ^Bo- 
tberfidUl Ghreys, Ozfordsbfaa, onifirmeHy 
Anglo-Saaoa Pr^feuor in Oxford. 4low 
fpm 468« 

^. THE Saxon Chronicle is justly con* 
sikiered to be our only authentic code oi 
Fasti, in respect to the early history oC 
this I^nd, but here ita^ importance 
terminates. In short, it is the reooid 
of the day. to which the Historian re- 
fers for autnenticity. It was the custom 
of Government to send bulletins of 
public events to various great Monas^ 
teries, (See MSS. Harl. 79 1| Cott* 
Tiber. £. iv.) and these Fasti having 
in some instances been fortunately pre- 
served, the Saxon Chronicle becomes 
in consequence a dictionary of refe- 
rence, as to the veracity of events, nar- 
rated by subsequent historians. The 
text of a mile-stone should always be 
correct, and this correctness, with re- 
gard to the Saxon Chronicle, should 
be effected by collating the MSS. In 
speaking thus of the venerable record^ 
we may be supposed not to have a pro- 

Eer literary and archaeological feehng; 
utMr. Ingram has forced it upon us. 
As if he was a Triton, ushering in the 
approach of Neptune, with a Buccina, 
he has sounded forth the mere chrono- 
logy of an almanack, a parish-register, 
as a panorama of the age, &c. &c. &c. 
(see Pref. ii. iii.)5 and all this, not- 
withstanding Mr. Turner's excellent 
work being the only thing worthy such 
eulogy, and the Saxon Chronicle con- 
taining such uncommon trash, as that 
Britain was peopled from Armenia, in- 
stead of -^rmorica (p. l), and that John 

the 



46 RiviBW.— Ingrain *8 Saxon Chronicle. tJnlj, 

the Baptist showed his head to two sjrilahle have been omitted, which if 

Monks in the year 448 (pp. 1, 13). historical 3 hut Mr. Ingram admits 

The harsh form in which we have (Pref. ii.) that there has been compres* 
commenced this article, has been also sion ; 1. e. alteration of the text, or 
forced upon us, by the pedantick and oniission. Now this, in either view, 
supercilious manner with which Mr. with regard to the Saxon Chronicle, 
Ingram, in a preface and observations is much the same thing as delivering 
of twenty-four pages, has insulted his a nest of weights, and altering or leav- 
predccessors in this walk of literature, ing out pounds, half-pounds, and 
Gale and others, as he calls them, ounces ; or instead of records, giving' 
(Pref. xiv.) No doubt can be enter- abstracts, where the grand concern ir 
tained, but that Mr. Ingram's edition autHority and evidence. We do not 
of the Saxon Chronicle is that which blame Mr. Ingram, for he must sub- 
ought to have a preference to Bishop mit to necessity, but we are of opinion, 
Gibson's ; nor can there be a doubt but that the nine original martuscripis 
that the text is collated, and the work should be published by Government,- 
edited, secttw(^tfmflr/fm, like the produc- with collations only from the copies 
tion of a scholar, a true son of oMr Alma which are marked in Arabick nume- 
Mater, aswellas Ai5~Oxonia,aPanthe- rals by Mr. Ingram, in his synopsis 
an deity, with the attributes of Bacchus (Pref. xviii.), legendary trash excepted, 
and Fauns to denote its undergraduates. Tautologies may occur $ but the Saxon 
of Apollo and Hermes to symbolize its Chronicle, though a Calendar only, is 
first-class men, of Momus to pourtray the bible of early English history, and 
its wits, and of Hercules and Minerva a wrong word, or turn of a sentence, 
its Copplestones and Mants. Not the may vary the account of an historical 
slightest disrespect do we feel for Mr. fact. It appears, however, that [Bi- 
Insram as a scholar ; and if he has shop] Gibson [we add the prefix with 
fallen in love with his wrinkled old pleasure, not plain Gibson, as Mr. In- 
woman, the Saxon Chronicle, so as to gram], then a bachelor of Queen's, of 
parade her about, and laud her as a twenty- three years of age, used in the - 
juvenile beauty, that also is venial; main only transcripts in the Bodleian ; 
but we will not patiently endure the viz. Jun. 66, ii.. Laud. G. 36., the. 
manner in which he has treated lite- Peterborough Chronicle, supposed to^ 
rary Westminster-abbey men, his Gale he lost, Laud. X. 80 (only a copy of 
and others; and were it not for the de- older Chronicles), and collations by 
corum, which wc think due to all Junius, inserted in his copy of Wheloe, 
scholars, and Mr. Ingram, as one, we of the Cott. MS. Domit. A. viii. The 
would exclaim, Jesus 1 know, and fact, therefore, appears to be, that 
Paul I know, hut who, 5fc. Not in Bishop Gibson knew nothing of the 
Mr. Ingram's manner do the learned originals in Bennet Collese, Cam- 
Germans, and the celebrated Hickes, bridge Library, the Cotton MSS. Tiber, 
treat their eminent brethren ; but it is B. i. and B. iv. Bishop Gibson's 
clarissimus hie, ^nd cruditissimus ille ; book is therefore an imperfect one; 
no Gale and others, &c. &c. but as Mr. Ingram, in the gracious- 

We now proceed to the work. The ness of his condescension, acknowletlges 
blame attending the Saxon Chronicle (Pref. ii. note) that it was an extraor- 
in the first edition was, that Bishop dinary work for a young man of twenty- 
Gibson, by omitting most interesting three, we beg to add, that it was ex- 
particulars, or neglecting the best ma- ceedingly meritorious in him, with • 
nuscripts, reduced this work to bone such imperfect aids, and in such au 
and skin, without muscle ; i. e. has age, to get up the language in a man- 




I pressed witnm a snorter compass 
than 374 pages.*' Our opinion is, gram, turns only upon points of man- 
that every thing legendary and silly, ners, it is merely just to say,, that no 
as St. John showing his head, comparison can be made between the 
should have been rejected with as two works. We shall exhibit this in 
much disdain, as is bestowed (Pref. a striking instance. Hardicanute died 
ivv.) vpon " the simpleton Samuel, , ^^ „,^^^,., p ^ ^ GnunmM. 
nndhismasl^ Beulan, • who iDlerpc ^ ,„, s«. &c. ». rulcram mihi, &c «»- 
lated the Mb. of Nennius ; and not a pt^d. 

of 



isai] 



Rbvibw.— lAgram*s Saxon Chronickm 



47 



ofapoplexy, under which he lingered 
in a state of insensibility, till the Ides 
of June. The statement of this event, 
as given by Bishop Gibson, p. 156, is 
as follows. An MX LI. 

Hep j»jy8-fepbe HajrSacnut cyTaj 
Here went-forthf Harthacknut King 

set; Lamb-hy^ on vi. ib. Jun. 3 

at Lombhithe on 6. Id. Jun. and 

he j«ef cynj opp call Gnjla lanb 

he was King over all Angles-land 

tpa jeap buton x. nihtum, ;j he if 

two years except ten months, and he is 

bebyp^eb on ealban mynpcpe on 
buried in Old Minstre in 

Wmccappe, &c. 

Winchester. 

The translation of Bishop Gibson is 
correct, except that he puts was buried 
(sepultus est) instead o( is buried, the 
English idiom, retained to this day. 

Mr. Ingram's Saxon account of the 
same event is this. P. -212. A. D. 
MXLII. 

Hep popSpepbe Hap^acnut cynj 

Here died Harthacnnt King 

Lamb-hy^. j7>a ^ he sec hij- 

Ldunb-bythe, as that he at his 
bpince jtjob. ;| he jraepinga jreoU ro 
drink stood, and he suddenly fell to 

|>9epe copSan mib e^eflicum an^nne. 

the there earth, with a horrible atjirst struggle, 
ac hme ))a gelaehton ]>e )?8ep neh 

but him them took up who there nigh 

paepon •] he j-eo^an nan popb ne 

were, and he said none word nor 

jecpa^ ac jepat on vi. ib. lun. 

spoke, but died on 6 Id. Jun. 

We have given a literal verbal trans- 
lation, according to what is, in our 
opinion, the real meaning of the origi- 
nal, in order to show the peculiar 
idiom of the language. We have trans- 
lated J?aepe eopSan, Ihe there earth, 
because, we presume, that it was a 
pleonasm, meaning ihe ground there, 
and do not think Daepe to be a simple 
representative of the article J ; and 
though the translation by Mr. Ingram 
of egefliciim angmne, tremendous 
struggle, is perfectly correct, yet as 
an^nne signifies initium as well as 
conamen, we conceive that a further, 
or rather a joint meaning, as we have 
rendered it, was intended. On, we do 



•f* i. e. died. 

X See Lye v. Da^p ^^"' redundans, et 
passim ; whence we draw this hypothesis. 



not find in Manning's Lye> used ai 
before. 

Having construed and parsed every 
word in Gibson's Saxon Chronicle^ 
probably before Mr. Ingram took np 
the study, we have formed an opinion, 
that our modern English does not come 
up to the peculiar energy of Anglo- 
Saxon expression, and to the compound 
meaning which we think attaches to 
many of its verbs and substantives. 
This force we have endeavoured to 
show, under the words e^ej*licum 
an^inne. No man can read the Saxon 
Chronicle, without feeling the strongest 
points of assimilation between our an- 
cestors and their descendants, now called 
Englishmen. All of the breed express 
themselves strongly and concisely. 

Here we shall leave the work for die 
present, under the full expectation 
that we shall receive an angry expostu- 
lation from Mr. Ingram, on account 
of the manner in which we have ex- 

Eressed ourselves concerning his War- 
urtonian mode of treating our depart- 
ed Literati of the first character. We 
ask our Readers, whether a Professor, 
who delivers lectures, ought to use 
such phraseology as this " particularly 
ly a simpleton, who is called Samuel." 
(Pref. p. iv.) There is a dignity and 
temper appertaining to all instruction 
ex cat heard, which it would be no ad- 
vantage to society to disturb by such 
colloquial innovations. 

(To he continued.) 

3. History and Description of Westminster- 
Hall. Extracted from the New Times. 
Dalton. 8t'o. pp. 24. 

TO give a good description of a 
building is no easy task. It should 
neither be too brief, nor too laboured : 
if the one, it can rarely escape leaving 
the Reader imperfectly acquamted with 
his subject ; and if the other, of oppress- 
ing him with detail which, unlike an 
effort of the pencil that pleases in pro- 
portion to the labour it has exhausted, 
distracts the mind, and diverts the at- 
tention from those leading features 
which, if skilfully seized, carry the 
reader along with the writer, and im- 
press the peculiar form, correct propor- 
tion, or elegant enrichment on his 
imam nation. Gibbon's description of 
the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, is an 
excellent model ; concise, but satisfac- 
factory. He says, 

*^ The arts of Greece, and the wealth of 

Asia, 



48 



Rbvibw. — Description of fVestmhuter Hall. 



[JbI,, 



A«ub had oontpirad to erect thet tacred and 
magnificent structure. It was supported by 
aanmidred and twenty-seven marble columns 
of the Ionic order. They were the gifts of 
devout monarchs, and each was sixty feet 
high. The altar was adorned with the 
masterly sculptures of Pnuuteles. Yet the 
length of the Temple of Ephesus was only 
four hundred and twenty-nve feet, about 
two-thirds of the measure of the Church of 
St. Peter at Rome. In the other dimensions 
it was still more inferior to that sublime 
production of modem architecture. The 
Temple of Diana was, however, admired at 
one of the wonders of the world." 

In the pamphlet now before us, 
which is written with much good feel- 
ing, and contains many valuable re- 
marks both historical and descriptive, 
want of arrangement is observable; 
but a still more evident defect is the 
absence of a general introductory de- 
scription, which if not extending to 
an enumeration of all the buildings by 
which Westminster Hall is surround- 
ed and enclosed, should, at least, notice 
the component members of the design, 
and mark the singularity of its situa- 
tion with respect to the other parts of 
the palace, wnich obliged the architect 
to expose and adorn its extremities in 
a manner so unlike the general arran^- 
ment of such structures. Unless this 
system form what may be termed the 
outline of the subject, we may read of 
niches, windows, and sculptures, but 
we can never apply them to their pro- 
per stations in the design. The de- 
scription commences in p. 9 j it is ex- 
cellent, but the reader (for whether 
he be a stranger or a denizen, he should 
be told) is left to guess at the composi- 
tion or groupe of the fabric, an intro- 
duction something like the following is 
absolutely necessary to convey the cha- 
racter of the subject to the mind : — 
The elevation consists of a centre 
adorned with a magnificent window, 
and terminating in a pediment between 
two projecting square towers, with 
straignt battlemented parapets. The 
chief adornments appear on the porch, 
and on the basement of the towers 
connected with it. Eight of the nu- 
merous statues which originally filled 
the splendid niches in the lower part 
of the towers, remained till the late re- 
edification: they were then wholly re- 
moved, and the recesses rebuilt to re- 
main empty. Although we regret the 
loss of these decayed sculptures, yet 
we cannot.recommend their restoration 
to the new building. How well they 



accorded with the crumbled surfact of 
the venerable pile, is too generaUy 
known to be here more particulaily 
noticed, and we resret that the means 
rather than the inclination, are wuit^ 
ing to occupy niches with figures 
worthy of their superb canopies. 

« That the windows of Westminster Hdl 
were once semicircular, was demonstrated 
when tlie inside plastering of the Bell Tower 
was cleared away for the purpose of placing 
in it a stone staircase for access to the 
Speaker's suite of state rooms ; two eztemal 
windows of the Hall having been blocked up 
by this Bell Tower in the time of Edwamd 
III. These are semicircular, bordered with 
a simple outline of the dog-tooth omameat. 
It will be perceived by mspection of the 
window-tops inside the Hall,* that they are 
not materially altered, as a very slight chip- 
ping of the old work wotdd produce the 
obtuse apex by which they differ firom a 
semicircular form.*' 

The peculiar ornament often, though 
not aptly called the " dog-tooihf*' was 
unknown in the age of Rufus. Its 
origin is certainly Norman, but the 
pure " dog'looih'* is not more ancient 
than the 13th century. It is doubtAii 
whether the side walls of Westminster 
Hall, above the foot of the wjDdow% 
are Norman, but it may be posithnalj 
asserted that the nresent windows mt 
not alterations of^ the original dntt| 
but were entirely re-built in- Richard 
the Second's reign. 

-The writer, we think, has indulged 
himself rather too freelv in remarks cfi 
the turret of the Norln gable. If he 
means to say that such terminatious 
are not characteristic of the period^ he 
is mistaken, and he has made no at* 
tempt to prove what he almost ventures 
to assert (pages 16 and 17), that it was 
added in tne reign of Henry VII. 
Whether the gable would be improved 
by the absence of the turret is another 
question. Our author admits that it 
had a prescriptive right to be restored 
with the rest of the building, and we 
are not authorized in an^ violent altera- 
tion of an ancient design. As not a 
single crochet remaineuon the slopea 
of the gable, and the proof that toey 
never existed at Westminster HaU, is 
as positive as that they did: sorely^ 
taste might be exercised on the occa- 
sion, and we agree with the writer in 
censuring their addition. We also 
perfectly accord with him in his stric- 
tures on the " renovated lantern,** 
though we cannot agree to an exchange 
of the pinnacles with that of the 

southern 




«rtfM« f^ish m gtMnlW, tboncE wInw UliNtntuNu of SiquA TUn 
^W Mwy ■fplB". »«ihin CondA «• l«td j had the pleMU* oT mMkiMt 
Bi » iipi*> ■ Tbejr eud dut whinMial iH^S,- 



"^'*Ji<H» fc*rt« fl» Bpwmor pharf h M b£iiig iMgcr in tiie, n 

gWfytetijlWt iM pn«M«ltB iMbfet ■ rqircMaiatibn, uidiMMeMtnKjBMnar 

adi efauacter Uun cuieatnn. Ei^ vT 

uu tboe an baUpkcM An wood, uid db- 

• of i4qp in buricMiM wbai Oribdin «gtk^ 

■0- bit* ID realilf, an atqaiMU atMatlM> 

»• lODuticlM. Tb«"MBtorHoiiow'' 

J^ itd(»ciowded<theMBMUcnw()wUek 

r! m«Mi in TbuHtoB'* vioetta of lb« 

S^ Aim, in the kH edition of Hadthni), 

^ bnt (MuoMS, in eooMqaom, te 

,riU tMrnindat^manttolavduer. "T« 

,'bothcrf or Nor" H ■ moit bewilcbing dMtt, 

aiifdit- and the poJiteM of the IlalM Prison ' 

tew iftf in Point X. i* inimiiable i the tnrcb* 

Hmn of bearer on the left b dw a MriUng 

lodKhl^ figure. Thi* coltection it emieSU kw 

bfUw UH^.A^£^g«r«ofBani^wWab£ 

*-*• ft ati diooinw of Dr. CwrieSrilMMH 




i nBeTt J dM • 
... It in l*M> 

. W <W^ ■ ORitnt tomr front, ModiM 
k «ri*l irindom wit » Suntl)' nidwi 

■iibtd with Watch Ttureta, round and [^jiiuat 

__ ne, eniMillat«d bnt iiaeciuibla (iinleH tlscnck h^pciwd to &11 upOD tlw tab)* It 

SMiiakefa) fraa their iliiDdeT liu. But which the King ut, who thraw it it die 

tUa TSrj vail braaki tba obJectionaUa jouog Prince, and conciDued to write. Tb* . 

eentibain' of tha ftcada. — Newnt of the ihutuccack fklllog on the table a aecool 

■av, aa^/icaroalj finlihad, iucliiiliig to tha time, the Kins threw it back, lookiDg 

Jpart (tMrardi AJiiiigilaD-^treet) > you hare iteniljF at tha child, who proiniiei] that no 

AallMal ratnaet to the House of Lonk, accident of the kind •houid btppen agaiat 

beartfal and ai^opriate in itMlf i bnc cba the ihuHtecock however fell a third time, 

■MitUaarchitae^toosaod-iuitiiredljaccDin- and eren upon the paper on which the King 

modatiiifc bii worit to die motiej aiaemblage wai writhig. Frederick then took the •hut' 

of bnildingi around hbn.Ieadihii Sovareij^ tlecock and put ic ia bit pocket: tha litlb 

ihnRf h a goTgeoni poaage and pitmadad Priacfl humbly atked pudoo, and bagpd 

getea>7 — to ■ tUhdian window and Ionic the King to return bim hii ahuttlecoek. 



td beyond ^lati in luceettion, to Hit Majeity refiued i llie F 

aaa rnoca'i Chamber, with iti lancet win- hii antmdai, but no Mtentioa wia pud to 

dove — the moat nndoubtad Tcttige of the them ; the yoang Vrince at leiuph tired of 

Old Fklaoe of Edward the Confeaaor !— Fit bageing, adoanced boldly Cnwarda tha King. 

lailMlliiiihiliiiii iif llili ardiitectaral menigtria putbia two handi on hit tide, and toaiing 

ct (Md Pahce-jaid. back hia little bead with great haa^htioaac, 

•• Haaaao eulti eeiricem-Pietor eqninan eud in ■ threatening tone, < wilt your Ma^ 

haprt tt tAt, et nriai bdaean ptamai inty give me my ^ttlaeock. Yet, or N«I 

UB&ine eoDatlt memhiit,— The King borat iaM a fit of lanahtar, aad 

" - ■ ■ ■ ■ die dntdecoek aa» of b podat. 



Gun. Maq. July, isai. 

7 



sflwriMd'ir to Uit PriB««* "7^' <T<mara oan better affi)id 800/. a year to:* 

tkhfvi.9 bojTj you will »9v«r %vmt SUetk to Curatey than one of 600/. half ths^ 

be taken frQm yo«'.'/ stipend. So howevef things are ; and*; 

. Oh the whole, this volume nay be as it is evident, in most instances, that 

monoanccd an enlivcner of the age we the fault of the poor Clergy (good and 




and reduction of funds in his produc- a natural conseauence of temperate 

tions, deserves the thanks of tne Phi- living, we are glad to hail any plan 

lanthropic Society. VVe hail the notice for securing them and their familtes a 

'* To be continued*' on the wrapper, provision. 

and confidently suggest " Omne tulit The Author before us (pp. 4, 6), di- 

puncium'* as a motto for the general vides the Clergy into— l.Laigelncom*- 

title. Jsts, who can insure their lives; 9, Con- 

■ ■ ^ ■ tingent Incomists, as Schoolmasters 

St0 Prcpomljhr the formation of a Clerical and Authors (of whom by the way, 

Provident Fund. In a Letter addressed to there are not twenty who ^t 50/. per 

th$ Clergy of Great Britain artd Ireland, ann. by it) ; and, 3. Drudgmg Curates 

By a Rector, Oxford. Bvo,pp,l6, (hyperbolical) in twenty- four hours a 

THE inequality in the distribution day duty. In service of the two last 

of Church property, and the arbitrary classes, ne proposes a Clerical Provident 

disposition of the patronage of it, must Fund^ foundea upon projiortionate, but 

inevitably subject many ecclesiasticks, universal contributions from all tha 

however worthy in themselves, if they Clerey. We have seen plans, by 

many upon contingent expectations, which trifling sums periodically paid 

to unmerited poverty. Sir William by a day-labourer, will, by the aid of 

Scott's (Lord Stowell) Bill, sanctioned compound interest, pay such iaboaiti^ 

by Bishop Porteus, by creating valuable after sixty years of age, an anndtty #f 

Cfuracies, founded upon a per-centage SO/, per ann, ; and we doubt not,' DOt' 

payment fVom the lar^e Livings, would with the aid of an able Actuary, ftona^ 

have removed the obvious evil of giving an insurance office, a scheme may W. 

to one man claret, and another small- formed, which the Hierarchy ooghl^, 

beer; but it was thrown out by the and we trust will patronize encigeti% 

ipiserable subterfuge of making corpo- caily. 

rate property iti trust a fee simple of Qur worthy Author (p. 13) ohwnWp; 
the annuitants in possession. Tne re- '' that it is mconsistent with a hidb* 
suit of that Bill would have been, if minded character to resort for relief tb' 
aided by a clause that Curacies beyond the clerical charities.** High^mMedneiM 
a certain value should not be held by in any kind of life -annuitants wil^ 
person:} under the age of forty, that (I) large families ! l>o men of nmtlar 
young men would be deterred from situations in all ranks, and the higher 
marrying prematureljr; and, as through Clergy themselves, neglect any oppor« 
patronage being limited to particular tunity of serving their children ? xfaii 
societies, and pluralities (see Dr. Yates), this high-mindeaness occasioned no coqii- 
t^e chances are eight to one against plaints of obtaining admissions into 
an unpatronized Clergyman*s obtaining Chrises Hospital, or exhibitions ftowk 
a livins ; (2) that a prospect of comfort Grammar or Public Schools I or hand- 
would have been ^iven to the declin- some presents from opulent patKHUt^ 
ing days of meritorious men. The &c. But as to the Citiaritiet, accord* 
beneficed Clerey, by their influence, ing to our knowledge of them, the^ 
threw out this bill, and have obtained are not given to Clera;ymeQ, aa iudi^ 
in its stead one, which (with sincere for instance, not to Bachelor Cleigy- 
respect for the noble Author) makes men, but to unhenifieed Clergjffmen 
the poor Incumbent sufler in his in- with large families , so that in fact the 
come, whenever a manufacturer chuses donation is to supply deficiency of in* 
to stock the parish with paupers, while come, in regard to the latter hurdem^ 
the rich one keeps only a horse less. Now we know, that high-minded and ' 
Our politicks, with re^d to Church prudent men have been, by takiQg a 
and .State, cannot be mistaken, and we small living, in a desolate situationp, 
^gree with Lord StowelPs Bill, because where any modes of. amelioratiDg in* 
we think a man with 1000/, a year come were impracticaUe; and thra 

nuurryiBg, 






1 1.< 



pRMOtUWitftK 

porunt of WobM.' "For H 

hmnr, there iM Chinm^C , 

■a Eiu^an die ProloMHtatt of Lffi 
the Uwtof Hidctifle die dImMk 
Mad Everett the bigliwMmu, mim 
Tbomai Utquhut^ jewel. - WibA'% 
Aiigtbr, we regret, bu obt^i^'cnb 
". ■ prtch;* of ip«ce, white tbc adfc*. 
tnra of Peter Wilkiu m &T«n«l 
wifh juu (N^ea. The aniala m tw 
Caiw wd the Slav* Trtdi ia ttM.oC 
IiiitoriGal juiice, wid follf nhm-tki 
ntKeptemtttioaBof JUb^lwra ■ W«b- 
■te^inayi, andCarew'iu'"' ' 
a Ibe BocticU d 



. eihi^lhattoiv 
MTt " the Uft oT BiitMp I^iim M 
oMnpiledfromFos'iBabLafUMm^ 
WW worK than steleiri to tW tita* 
Kriber, umI mH qvita bk to tb»tw> 



_ -I be tolerated ooiy. 

... f however .^prehend tW with te- 
gira to Great Brilaio, foch a prujccl 
win not even be agitated in a lunatick 
a^l^n, much more ia our Hoiuce of 
""""" ' "ir the Privy Council. 



r. VullMrtifetliiieltariew, Nat. li, and IS, 
C. Baldirin. 
OUR Retrospective friendi continue 
M applf the principles of the Hnmane 
SoCinv to deceased Literature. The 
two Namben before us contain a va- 
loftUe body of History, in themetnairs 
of l^ilip de Cominet, and the bio- 
feraphie* of Weldon, Solly, Laud, Chil- 
nngWorth, and North, sppertainiDft lo 
fln reigns of Edward IV. ElJubeth,- 



tairy tale, without tbe piquancy of Ma 
mance, or the reason of « nataL Hb 
complains abo; at p. 137. of tbe '' 4^m* 
gitnu wrong" which " the Anin«ati, 
and more particularly the * '*"Tinnt, 
have wITered from some of out cdn- 
temporaries." We fancy be dludea ta 
Mr. Mitford, and, if so, cannot eon- 
graUilate him on the justice of th« 

S. A FamOlar TTtatiie on Hit Daordin 
qf the Stamaeh mid Boio^, BiHimi and 
NfrvAus 4ffic6om, with mi aXlaKfl ta, 
tamtl nunti/ pmioinU Sttoti in Ditl^ 
Bxerdie, S(C. being an ExpotiHon of Ih* 
mast qyrmed mninj far tht ImproM- 
mnJ and Preiervelioii qf Heallh. ^ 
Geo. Stiipmu, M.R.C, Surg. Sw. M>t 
17!, 

WE have air heard of the Goat- 
mand, who said, that a Goose waa an 
awjtward bird, as it was loo much for 
one, and not enouajh for two j bat we 
really think that the escess of the fa- 
shionable table is full as areat, and re- ' 
■emUas mote the sioie laid before » 
fattiog animal, in order that it may 
sooa 



M Rbview.— *Shipman*s Triatise.-^Letter to Lord HoUund. [Mf, 

soon becomt fit for the butcher, than The following remarks cannot be 

that more elegant supply of nature, too popular. 

which obtains among rational beings, « in the majority of oMet, the desife for 



who make of meals sociable things. food diminithes u the digestion .beoomes 

«< How often (says Mr. Shipman) do we impaired, and in a more advanced itate, no 

find persons commencing the daily subeUt- disposition for taking nourishment is ex- 

ence at ten in the mombg, which meal perienced; then it U that great randiief 

will consist of no moderate quantity of ani- i« done by the Ignorance of nurses, who, 

malfbod, with coffee, toast, &«.; at one or from the best of motives, no doubt, per- 

two a luncheon, also consisting of meat ; suadethe patient to take a variety of meases, 

at five or six dinner is sent up, consisting ^ith the idea thtXhemusi eat to keep up kia 

of the various articles before mentioned; strength; probably at this time the seen- 

nine tee and coffee; after which some per- tions of the stomach are so deficient in 

sons take supper; there can be no wonder qiumtity, or defective in quality, as to be 

at the frequency of the malady, upon which incapable of digestmg, in^a healthy men- 

I am treating, when such unnatural habits ner, six ounces of aliment in twenty-four 

(if I may be allowed the term) are per- hours : what good, then, can arise from the 

sisted in. p 78. superfluous quantity ? no benefit of cimne. 

Animal food once a day is certainly ^"' ' ^"'^ ^"^ ofmischitf," p. 145. 
sufficient; but such a decree of luxu- Mr. Shipman s book contains many 

rious living now prevails m the great useful hints; and in some of hiscascawc 

cities, that the young men become think that he is entitled to great credit 
bloated at thirty. Now, if they have ♦ 

not more command over themselves, 9. A Letter to Lord Ho\]MnA en the Rmiew 
and will not be reformed, we heartily o/" Napoleon in Exile in the b&th Number 
wish, as a smaller evil than perma- of the Quarterly Review, Bvo. pp,S6, 

Tif"* ^'3 ""J ^*''^' complaints, that OPINIONS concerning the treat- 

their Medical men would put them ^ent of Buonaparte in exile will vary 

upon the horse^meal, an ingenious in- according to the light in which hfs 

vention of Mr. Shipman swih which eharacter is viewedf If he be coosi. 

we have bc*n highly delighted. An dered as a hero, a patriot (we meM a 

Enjriishman's naradise is Ins dinner, |^^^ ^^ ^^ English one), a philo- 

JT ^^.uw ^?% % 'u""' ''i •opher sublime anI diunte^teSTthe 

but. as ibeobj^t of all punishment ^,^^^^^,^ reasonably to be ^vitud 

» reform, Mr. Shipman shows how j, ^^^ ^^-^^^ Loaii XVIII. n^Htd 

easily It may be rendered a means of j^ ^^is country, and which we doubt 

moial punishment, and preservation of ^ ^ut Buodaparte hhiuelf mniind 

bodily health. ^^ expected. If. od the otherhand^ 

"One pievaaliag custom. amongst ehoost he is regaided as a mere ocgm of 'na- 

ewy class of peiMme u, that of dnnldaff ^^j^ ambition. exceedmslTdanMioiit 

wiA A«r dumer a oint or more of fluif. f^^ j^ mUitary taknl^ erery ad- 

T^ J!S*T. ~ "'^^ T*^". ^ "?•• " Tocatc & the pi^perity of tfaii na. 

finished t this la very deleterious, and upon ;."*-«* ■Y'. *"'' F»^P^*/. «; "» "« 

the foUo«ing prinSpIe >. the objecUon tK«, (which prospCTity II intunately 

fiwnded : a eertairiluid before deeeribed connected with its independence. «pd of 

(gastric juice) esists in the stomach, by «>«^ wealth and commerce.) wiUiee, 

which digestion u perfbnned; then is it ^&t a system of the strictest mnreil* 

not a natural inference, that when this fluid lance was indispensable j and that no 

becomes diluted with e jnnt of water, or situation could be so proper lor such a 

any other beveraee, the actiri^ of it must purpose as the one to whtdl the Exile 

be so £tf diminished as to retard the per- was consigned. In the eyes of men 

fbrmance allotted to it ? When I have ©f business, he was a sort of political 

advanced this regulaOon £ar certain cases mad^og, which if he COuM not be 

mtnirfaig It, I have beenMnrered, « Why, fciHed, was at least to be chained. His 

^t u wlL'!±2.'L*?!f ' '!;j!^ir^* stents and personal good qualities (for 

fact u, were persons to follow the dictates u u j *u^ % r • \ .u 

of netore, a hWTmeal, as it is termed, ^^ ^""^ ??^> ^^'^ ^?'?«? «> ^iT^ 

would always be made. On taking a sur^ J*^°' and his own satu^Uoncoald not 

vey of the whole of the animal Mention, °* consulted, for that implied extreme 

we shall not find one species, except man- ^nger to others. However, he would 

k^, that will drink immediately on eat- ^^^ ^i^^ ^c subject in its real beariiig. 

mg, but will lie down a short time, and and throws obloquy on the memben 

for the purpose of drinking." pp. 63. of Grovemment. preciiely became they 

acted as he himself woold have done 

in 



,IM9^] REXimw.'-^kikkkMon's Key io ike laUin lumguage. S3 



in thelc titoUion, or Sir Sidner Smith 
was never in the Temple, Oppoiite 
■reasoning merely means this. Here 
ia an exceedingly able, and an exceed- 
ingly dangerous man ; I use him illi- 
berall^, it from respect for the former 
qualities I do not allow him the ex- 
ercise of the latter. The irritability 
of the Exile occasioned nothing but 
qoarreliing among all the parties con- 
cerned, and made things worse. He 
had acknowledged Louis XV HI. only 
at Count de Lule in all the Courts of 
Europe, and required repeated ba- 
oishmoit of him and his tamily from 
|ifOtcctioo, but was himself exceed- 
Higly ill used when his own Imperial 
Title was denied to him. With re- 
gard to Sir Hudson Lowe, Napoleon 
was certainly the aggressor, nor could 
any man of honour fp cap in hand to 
him after such behaviour, if under any 
circumstances such conduct would 
have been prudent. We wish for Sir 
H's own sake, that, (under admission 
of Mr. 0*Meara*s statements) he had 
exhibited more of the Philosopher; 
but he was not a Quaker, was of free 
military manners, and brutally insult- 
ed, without any means of redress as 
an Officer and ,a Gentleman, and he 
must have been more than man, had 
he restrained his expressions of indig- 
aation; moreover, as Buonaparte re- 
quired what was utterly impoasible, 
▼iz. a servile compliance with all his 
requests, however under the cireum- 
sttnces unreasonable, the situation of 
Sir Hudson was rendered artificially 
ardtMus and distressing. . 

This is our view of the sulject. 
The Pamphlet before us is an attack 
upon the Quarterly Review for its se- 
vere treatment of Mr. 0*Meara. We 
shall not lend our aid to protracting 
the memoiy of Buonaparte, and blame 
those who do, because we think it 
fiinning the embers of faction ; and as 
to Mr.O*Meara, so freely and unre- 
servedly has he spoken of persons, 
that we do not see how he can ex- 
pect any other consequences than those 
which have ensued. 

10. ji Key to the Latin Languagey embrac- 
ing the dmMt dgeU ofspeedih qualifying 
Students to make Latin into KnglUh, and 
Ei^lish into Latin ; and peeutiarly us^ 
to Young Gentlemen who have neg^leeted or 
Jeeiptten their Juvenile Jnttruetitms* By 
JcKa AddaMMu 9vo, pp. HM. Lack- 
Co. 



A VERY useful book for adults ; 
but we must bes to guard our readers 
against the modem quackery of pre- 
tending that a man can become a Trft- 
tin Scholar in a short time. The Gram- 
mar of afty language- may be soon got 
up, and translations be made by means 
of a Dictionary; but the power of 
opening a Classick, and construing it 
off, at si^ht, is not to be obtained with- 
out having acquired the copia vecbo- 
rum, very properly taught in infancy, 
when no other raculty, but memory, 
is susceptible of action, and the mind 
and a^ are* not mature enoiu^ for 
professional studies. Arithmetic suf- 
ficient for ninety-nine persons out of a 
hundred, may be acquired, together 
with Latin, before the age of appren- 
ticeship, and the error is limitation of 
children to reading, writing, and sum- 
ming only. The rules in p. 9K teq, 
of this book, we consider very useful 
and ^;ood : but the only means of be- 
coming perfect Latinists, and insuring 
a copia verborum speedily, is the con- 
stant practice of making Latin verses. 



11. Essays on the firmaUon and ^ 

qfcpimons, and on other su^je^ Cfrown 
8V0. pp, S84. Honter. 

FROM what we know of modem 
Phrenok)gy and Physiolo^, the pe- 
riod is probably not &r distant when 
(the»association of ideas excepted) all 
the metaphysical science of^Loeke, 
Reid, &c. will turn out to be an ac- 
Inal non-entity. The work before us 
is intended, we think, as an asumis in 
herba, to advocate an unhmited Ucence 
of propagating opinions, as if opinions 
were not converted into abaomte ac- 
tions, when exfMressed in certain forms 
and with certain intentions, and it 
were possible to permit unlimited li- 
berty of action, for one is just as rea- 
sonable as the other. Though the Au- 
thor doesi not always exercise sufficient 
caution against common-place and tru- 
isms, yet he has excellent passages, 
and the whole chapter of practical and 
speculative ability is good: on the con- 
trary, that of the causes and conse- 
quences of individual character is a 
mere tedious query started upon a trite 
fact, viz. *' that the aualities of the 
mind are hereditary, which they could 
not be, unless they depended, fike our 
other qualities, upon corporeal condi- 
tions,*' a position admirably illustrated 
by reference to the Cspsar family in 

Gre- 



RBViBW.-«£fffay9 on Opmions.^^Tke Priai. 



S4 

Gregory** Contpectot of Theoretic 

VV^e shall extract the following ad- 
"dition to Stuart's explanation, why 
Philosophers are not men of business. 

*' To this may be added, that the Philo- 
sopher can feel little interest in many of 
those events wbich occasion fervent emo- 
tion in the minds of ordinary people : and 
since to feel an interest in any thing is to 
have the ideas excited, and the imagina- 
tion awakened, his conversation will fre- 
quently fail in vivacity, because his feel- 
ings are not roused by a number of in- 
considerable circumstances, about which 
others are vividly affected." p. 274. 

IB. The Priest, 8 vols, l2mo. Baldwin 

and Co, 

IMAGINATION forms the es- 
sence of Poetry, yet, with the excep- 
tion of a few striking instances, it has 
greatly advanced in Novel - writing, 
and been grossly neglected by the 
tuneful tribe. The consequence is, that 
in the efforts of young beginners, we 
have whole pages of insipiu lines, and 
common-place, or metaphysical ideas, 
because tne Authors are ignorant that 
such matter ought only to be exhibit- 
ed by striking figures, the method 
which can alone distinguish Verse 
from Essay. If a man was to show 
a plain unadorned meadow for a mo- 
dem landscape garden, he would be 
laughed at ; yet this error daily occurs 
in Pbetry, for it must be Poetry, be- 
cause it is in measure, which is just 
as rational as that any wine must be 
Champagne, because it is put into a 
Champagne bottle. Now, as Dra- 
matists often refer to novels for their 
plots, so we would recommend Poets 
to numerous novels for exquisite flights 
of fancy, and very beautiful figures: 
and to none more than the work be- 
fore us, which is unquestionably a 
book of no common merit. Its tex- 
ture is of cloth of gold, the embroidery 
of exquisite execution, and the jew- 
ellery as brilliant as the evening star. 

The moral of the Novel is founded 
upon the sad effects of religious bigo- 
try. A Protestant Earl marries a Fo- 
§ish devotee. They have a son and a 
aughter. The former is surreptitiously 
convened away to a College of Jesuists, 
in order to be immutably cast, like a 
statue, in a Catholick form ; but the 
thing is so overdone, that he has no 
eartmy will but for Canonization. 
This removal abroad, and mode of 
Education, was planned by the Priest 



[Ady, 



(Father Valerius^ for the ostmuibh 
purpose of restormg him a rigid Ca- 
tholick to the Countess, and he wat t* 
return, incognito^ and not avow him- 
self till a £givourable moment occurred 
of converting his father. The r«o/ 
motive of the Priest was, however, 
to marry the youth to a daughter of 
his, a girl of infinite talent, accom- 
plishment, and beauty, living in the 
iPamily, disguised as the Countess's 
Page, and denominated Philip Al- 
tham. The son returns under the 
name of Lewen, to fill the office of 
secretary to his noble father : and hen 
commences the fine working of the 
plot, which turns upon the intercoane 
oetween the Son and the Page. The 
character and conduct of the latter are 
delineated with inimitable genius, nor 
does the interest cease to mcrease, as 
the story proceeds. Her tenderness is 
so exquisitely displayed; her vrit, Hve^ 
liness, and talents, sparkle so richly ; 
her devotedness is so complete ; that she 
is an actual Psyche, mistaking, under 
the cruel punishments of Venus, a 
Bishop for the arch and smiling god, 

*' Who frames with mirth a gay fimtsstie 
round." 

After very nearly vitrifying the stub* 
bom marble of his relieious character* 
by her beauty, she finds that his pas- 
sions have been deprived of all elasti- 
city, and that instead of matrimony^ 
he recommends, like an unfortunate 
Abelard, an Eloisa destination : in 
short, advises her to turn Nun. Thb 
the disappointed fair one rejects with 
indignation, and in the insanity of het 
misery stabs him, and then herself* 
This IS the main of the Tragedy, and 
how supreme a manner it is worke4 
up, can only be known by reading 
the book. But against the denoue^ 
ment we enter our solemn protest In 
the language of the original (li. 260) 
** nought fairer was to oe found be- 
neath the sun ! she might have heen 
the very pride, and the joy, and the 
hope, and the life'* of her beloved. 

The work abounds with grand pas- 
sages. We select the following. 

<< Oh ! by our Lady, she u a poerlets 
creature ! so wondrous sweet, so tender, lo 
touching, so kind, so lovely aUke in her 
paleness and In her roseate glow of coiaai- 
plexion, that one would hare imagined 
young Joy would have been enamoured of 
her, and have made her his continual home. 
But not 80. Sorrow contests his empire 
there, and, I suspect, more than hidf dlnflea 
it. Had you seen her, as I did, with the 

5»y 



Slfanag to-^, you bad tboogbl he* who, iti the middle iget, Visited the 
nle peasive AjogA of Pitv» Jut do- toqib of the Saviour: The hostility 
ttepdadfrom Heaven, whilst tiie dew and of the Saracens to the . Christian re- 
the light of thp ilnr stiU beamed on her. ligion, if not caused, was sustained 
My eves never left her, and I eaw the teaij by the dissolute conduct of those who 
sparkle in heia, when none else did ; and 1 ' - 
saw them gem her long lashes, like dew- 
drops sparicnqr on a dark leaf by the moon- 
light. And toen she became pale as ala- " V" ^" TV :~ "'' "" •"•*•' f*^ 
bLteri and when my Lord turied to epeak '?.?^-- Y" ^ "" subject we cannot now 
to her, a glow snflFosed her cheek under his a^ate ; but remarking by the way, that 
glanee, willing to spare him by so lovely w»^h scenes of a descriptive and co- 
and jnteons and kind a deception. I like mic character, we find in ''Other 
that vaiisUeness of complexion in woman, Times,'' many of a tragic cast, from 
it is the eloquence of the soul; it is a trans- which we cannot present our readers 
parent vril <k the thoughts, through which with ' extracts, without impairing the 
they show all lovely and pure, as they may effect of the Romance ; we shall con- 
he, as they ntutt be; for that transparent tent ourselves with giving the follow- 
veU of alternate blushes and paleness never jng account of Old Si. PauTs Church, 
«nvel<»ed ought but purity ; it seems to ^s a specimen of the singular pictures 
me of such exquiwte texture, woven by ^^ antiquity which eSibelliSh the 
Mgels, and spread by them over a kmdred , ^ •' w*.m^iiioii wxs 

Mpjrity that no demon could imitate it in .. rA. 

lie service of guihr-his workmanship would , J^^ 7"^ ™? • phlic way tOwough 

look clumsy aad gross, and be instantly de- "^ °°?f <>' ™ Church, which wss very 

tectad." ii. 41. mncn frequented m the latter part of the 

. ' day. Those who repaired thither did so 

There are numerous passages full not from feelings of devotion, but to walk 

as fine as this ; and the work deserves and lounge, to talk of polities uid business, 

to be placed, though of different cha- and plan the pleasures of the night. The 

racier, upon the same shelf with the pressure was commonly so. great on the 

Scotch Novels. But we must remind ' Walks of Paul's,' Uiat but few femalea 

the Author of the poor fellow in the ▼•ntured there, such excepted whose object 

water, calling out for help "I will be ** *" ^ entertain the dissipated of the 

drowned, nobody shall help me :" for o*nf ««• 

we see would fi4qaently used instead ' ^*"' *^ '^^'^ ^^"fTll? *'"*"*";^ 

ouh^id. e.g. ir\i. p. I &c. s?errnltrr:r«i'ihi^r:S 

A way now oecupy themselves), fiuled not ta 

repair to catch the current reports of th» 

IS. Other Times; or, ike Monks ofLur day. Here came the trader to meet hit 

deiAall. By the Author (f the " Lol- mercantile friend ; and here came the. dandy 

■lards," i^e, ' of the sixteenth century, to exhibit to the 

THIS Romance exhibits, in a well- •^miration, envy, ojr merriment of tha 

^d tale, some excellent sketches of :^:t±l'^^' ^^^^ 

the manners and customs of our an- with numerouTpkcards^describbg the wanu 

cestors, with cimous views of London ^ ^^^g, of those by whom they were 

as It was m the time of Henry the pi|„ced there; the commodities they had to 

JEiehth. aell, or the feats they were competent to 

^ The Tale be^ns with the descrip- perform. That they disfigured a splendid 

tion of a pilsrimase to the shrine of edifice might have been objected to them 

TbomasiBecKet, bi Canterbury, where by those who deserved not censure for being 

we are introduced to the chief charac* over fastidious ; but this was not regarded, 

ters. The observances of Translation^ and to say the taruth, merited not to ha 

day, the 7th of July, on which day it fgarded as of mcmient, when mS against 

was customary to raise the bones of ^ important accommodation horded to 

Becket from the tomb, and display •^ ^^ ^J *^* '"TrS^Ti?^ T 

them to the Monks and Pilgrimsf -e ^^T^^^ eiaXST 

not a little remarkable. The mirth, j^^ j^ ^^^ y^^ imagined, the dhimal 

jolhty, and uproar, which the author had not been called mto existence; 

describes, would seem out of their ^^j^ jj ^ai therefore excite litUo surprise 

places in a solemn pilgrimage; but that this, or that any pbce in London, should 

unfortunately for the reputation of have been generally m the crowds state 

our species, we know that similar dis- which caused the walks of Paul's J0 be 

oiders - weie common among tliose called * the land's epitome,' or * the lesser 

isle 



56 Rbvibw.— Dr. Booker's StnMiu [J^7# 

lilt of GrMt Britam/ which so oddly Qom- d»t maiikiiid k all agw nigbt be iiiovmI» 

bintd th« attnotion of an exchange, a play- by so illnttrious an bftance of enMnaitar 

hottscy and a daily newspaper." and compassiont ** to go and do likawte.^ 

^^ Boty as the generous AlnuMoer of Heavon 

^ who now engages our thoughts, never wif had 

14. ji SermonpreaehedmiheParishChurch his left hand to know the good which hia 

qf Dudley, on the Sunday qfler Interment right hand wrought, I shall forbear to seloet, 

^tke late Right Honourable William Fis^ out of the numerous mstancea of hia famMiM 

coMn< Dudley awrf Ward. jBy Luke Booker, munificence with which I am acqoaialad, 

XZ..D. yicar. Dudley, 88 j&p. 18wio. M>y one act of this kind. To you, mj 

_,_--- , r T « hearers, it is unnecessary. Of nuny yo« 

FROM the appropriate text of Job i^^^ heard ; though, perhaps, not of aaoh 

xxix. 11, 12, and 13, the good Vicar gratifying moment as some I could nvrnX 

of Dudley preached an excellent Ser- to you. To ourselves his liberally waa 

men on the much-lamented death of unbounded,— regarding both the uviag 

his patron and friend, the late Viscount and the dead: — the living, in promociiig 

Duoley, and which he has printed at whatever might contribute to our oomfiirty 

the earnest request of his hearers. This i»Y even to our gratificatiou i lor who 

able Discourse will enable us to en- "domed, with almost unequalled beautjr, 

large on the charity of this amiable — ^o' «*'' enjoyment, not his ««*,-^' 

Nobleman, as recoVded in our Ma- P««"«^*» ^f yonder ancient castle? On 

r^- ii>r«« « aRR expressing to hmi how much we fed UMr- 

gazine for May, p. 466. otSigrtion, he Umgnlj mM, « I hope, Ij 

** Did I content myself by expressing my Inducing the inhabitants to walk theio, ft 

own gratitude to our departed Friend, every will conduce to their health as well aa to 

individual witlun these sacred walls would their pleasure." — Who largdy contribvlad 

riae up in accusation against me ; for, who towards the erection of thoM saaetoaiyy and 

is there here,—- who, among the thousands afforded space, in the other, for the chlldran 

of tlus parish,— 4iay, 1 may ask, who is of charity?— Who gave the conttgaoua 

there, in Uie thickly-peopled district that ground for the burial of our dead, that thdr 

surrounds the tomb where he now sleepe, Ashes might rest in peace, wMle lying, aabli 

that has not a grateful fiBeling of his bene- own now repose, till that awful "Mn»iffB|f ' 

fioence. All classes venerated him. All come, " when all that are in tho giaMsbiB' 

classes were benefited by him : the wealthy, hear the voice of the Son of CKmI^ aad oom 

by beholding in him wmtt a wealthy Steward forth;" when the ponderous toaaba.dvlt 

of God should be : the necessitous, by par- be broken, and the sea also shaD caa| qig^ 

taldng of lus munificence. He was the rich her dead ? Then will he stand ait Am rJ^Mi 

motifs modd, and the poor marCs friend, hand of the Redeemer-Judge { and flMf tnv 

Aged workmen, when tneir strength fidled there stand with him, to hear thSa fflawli 

them, and the days of their usefulness were ing invitation : ** Come, ve bittaad. of Hgf, 

paased, did not, aa too often is the case. Father ! inherit the kingoom pmand tat 

devolve to the cold chaiity of a parish, but you from the foundation of the wond.** 
were his pensioners of comfort. Disconso- << But Parochial and IndivUual anmill* 

late widows, whose wedded partners had cence bounded not the native nobloiaaa of 

died in his service, in him found a husband : his spirit. In more than warm lotiftety it 

orphans in him fbund a parent. ** He was expanded in generous deeds to Uess^ to lATS 

a nther to the poor. Tne blessing of him his Country. Whenever danger threatenad 

that was rea^ to perish came upon him ; either it or its King, his loyahy waa aoi 

and caused the widow's heart to sing for satisfied with verbal demonstradons of afr- 

joy." Many such now hear roe ; and their tachment ; but by furmshiuff for their da- 

hmrts speak in lamentation for their loss ! fence the sinews of martial streqgth, ha 

** Nor did our Parish and District limit the gave convincing proof of his patriotic daain 

streams of his beneficence. It flowed, in a and determination to live or perish with 

princely expansive tide, through life's valley them. Sensible of the value of tho cifft 

of tears, to gladden with ccNDofort human and religious privileges whieh^ under DbiaSr 

misery, wherever a proper appeal was made Providence, his country enjoys^ ha deant& 

to his compassion ; and although the extent no price too high, no sacrifice too ooatly to 

of his charities will not be known till that preserve them. Those proud prhikgaa H 

day ** when every work will be brought Into was his ardent wish to see flourish unim-, 

judgment, with every secret thing, whether paired in his own days, and his forrtnfe 

it be good or whether it be evil;" yet several prayer that they might be perpetuatad tiD 

interesting cases I could relate, which would the end of Thne. An admirer of real libotf 

not more ddight your hearts than imprave himself, he so much desired othera to poa- 

them; as the knowledge of such acts b sess ituncontaminatedbyIioentaou8Bees» or 

teaching humanity by example. Thus He, unfettered by Despotbm, that onoa^ 

with whose spirit they are accordant, parti- importuned to allow his weighty uil ^ 

culari^ the conduct of the good Samaritan, to be used in controlling the civil fitad( 

of 



]f)«S.l 



Revibw. — Miscellaneous Reviews. 



57 



«l sboM of the inhabitants of this place, lie 
ttmaooaly resisted the suggeatioo ; and, 
on being reminded that he had only to 
MMtln his wishes known to ensure a com- 
pliance hy his BvmeroiiB friends here, he 
■oUy tefimdi << J beliere I hmv many 
Jriendt at Dodby, bat no vassais there." A 
sgntiuMmt diat will hononr his name, when 
his mi M imi i t shall be crumbled into dust." 



. Prefixed to this Sermon it a striking 
IlJLeneas of the Viscount. 



15. An Index to the Heralds* risitatims in 
the British Museum. Taylor and Hyde, 
Covant Garden; omf J. Taylor, Blackfriars. 

THIS little tract will be found very 
useful to genealogists and antiquaries, 
as it forms a convenient and exact re- 
ference^ to the Heralds' Visitations in 
llie British Museum. Many of our 
readers must be aware that " to con- 
sult any particular Visitation, it was 
necessary to examine each reference 



given in the Indexes to the different 
Catalogues; hence the enquirer was 
obliffed^to make many searches in seve- 
ral folio volumes, before he could dis- 
cover which manuscript contained the 
information which he required.'* This 
inconvenience it was the Compiler's 
object to remove, by forming an index 
to all the Visitations according to their 
dates, specifying by whom taken, and 
placing the references under each 
County in alphabetical order. To these 
are added references to such other MSS. 
as contain pedigrees of families in that 
particular County. At the end are 
two tables, the one shewing the dates 
of all the Heralds' Visitations, mark- 
ing those of which there are not copies 
in the Museum ; and the other con- 
taining a numerical index to the MSS. 
noticed in the prece<Iing part as ** Visi- 
tations." Sucn of the manuscripts as 
are original Visitations are particularly 
pointed out. >, 



16. Mr. Moon's Ecuy "Introduction to 
Shori Handt han inany improvements ; the 
chief, we think, that which relates to words 
bcgnuiing with vowels. The idea too of 
discriminatiog the letters which have simihv 
sowidi, by %& same characters, extended or 
abbvevUted, is ingenious and good ; but the 
diihmlty with recard to Short Hand, is not 
writmg but reading it; and Mr. Moon's 
alphabet consists of characters scarcely dis- 
tinguishable. Our own ojMnlons oi ths im- 
prdvement of Short Hand are these : that 
many imtisl nrllaUes, as con, dis, &c may 
be txpnessed by a slight character ; that in 
polysyUabic words, the conoludmg half of 
them may be lefib out; and that you, he, 
wkOf which, have, are, &c. i. e. the pronouns, 
]ifiepoeitioiis, and auxiliary verbs, may be 
titfmned. by the simplest arbitraries, to 
which parts of speech, we think, that they 
•ogfat to be limited. 

17. The Negro Slavery, and Appeal on 
hekaff rf Negro Slaves, imply doing nothing. 
Wa do not entertain a doubt, but that, in- 
gtahnit mechanists, by mere steam and 
aftAhinery, could manage the whole culture 
«f a plantation, with very trifling aid from 
iMHtfds ; and we do not lil^ political appeals 
|o JMliiig, till efforts to remove the evil by 
contrivance have proved successless. Why 
tomMo. of smoky chimnies? cure them, 
lilt tht Abolitionists make some experiments 
•t home, applicable to every process of 
West Indian cultivation; let the trial be 
nmsnmd abroad ; and the planter will soon 
find It his Intnest to decline slave-worb 

Gent. Mag. July, 1S23. 

8 



18. Mr. Parker's Jesuits unmasked, 
only proves a well-known truth, that Papists 
have an unbounded rage for proselytism ; 
but we would rather see it checked by edu- 
cation and the pretts, than by law. 

IB. Mr. John Milton's London Apia' 
rian Guide is very useful to those who col- 
tivate this ingenious and valuable insect. 
But box hives and glass hives cmly exhilHt a 
busy mob ; the best plan consists (as in p. 
19) in having the hives well peopled, com- 
pletely sheltered from wet, and taking the 
honey without murder. 

20. Mr. BowRiNo's Details of his Ar^ 
rest, Irnprisonment, f^c, show the imperfec- 
tion of French freedom, for the advocate 
consulted on the occasion by order of Mr. 
Canning, says, (see p. 128] "that in his 
private opinion, the liberty of individuals in 
France, requires other securities than those 
which exist." In short, there is no Habeas 
Corpus Act to protect the prisoner from in- 
definite deteilti<m. 



21. Wine and Wahmts consist of a col- 
lection of Essays which have all appeared in 
a cotemporary publication. Tliey profess 
to be the aftter-dinner chit-chat of several 
eminent characters ; but from the levity and 
nonsense frequently introduced, we could 
scarcely think tliem worth reprinting. 

22. The Portfolio is a neat little volume, 
intended to form a graphical and literary 
cabinet. It comprises several highly-finished 
engravings % Messrs. J, and S. Storer, from 

Antiquarian 



58 



Miscellaneous Reviews."^ Literary Inielligencem 



tJulj. 



Aot'iquarUn an^ ArcbitectunJ SuY)]ects, 9C 
companied by brief descriptions. 

23. Mr. William Gray's Rememlranee, 
and other Poems, shows a young man of good 
principles and benevolent habits, who sin- 
cerely loves his fiunily and fi'iends, and vents 
his amiable feelings in pleasing verse. Sin- 
gularly enough, there is no love gingerbread 
among them. ' 

24. Mr. Thackiray's Observations on 
the Pamphlet, entitled, '< Remarks on the 
Consumption of Public JVeallh by tlie Clergy 
of every Christian Nation,** very properly 
exposes the absurdities of the barbarian au- 
thor of such folly, as that of tliinkiug the 
wealth of a nation can possibly be prevented 



from bebg dispersed among the popnlatAony 
or that the clergy are more nationally injuri- 
ous than other landlords in a pecuniary view. 
Other parts of Mr. Thackeray's pamidilet 
we have adverted to in our Heview ot the 
" Opinions as to the real State of the 
Nation ;" see Part. I. pp. 388^ 445. 

25. Oi Abaddon, tk cheap tract published 
in exposure of Carlile's adherents, we wish 
to decline saying more, than that we think 
it is either a mask for aiding his cause, or 
the work of an imprudent friend, ** who 
proves too much." (Jarlile's offence is one of 
a criminal kind ; and best consigned to the 
law, because it is an attempt to aasaasinate 
Christianity, morals, reason, and dvilization. 



LITERATURE, SCIENCE, fiw. 



Cambridge, June 27. — ^The annual prizes 
of fifiteen guineas each, given by the Repre- 
sentatives in Parliament of this University, 
for the b^st dissertations in Latin prose, 
were on Monday last adjudged as follows : 

Senior Bachelors : *< Qusenam sunt 
Ecclesiae Legibus stabilitae Bencficia et qu& 
Ratione maxim^ promovenda?" Alfred Ol- 
livant, B. A. Trinity College. — No second 
prize adjudged. 

Middle J3achelor8 : << Qui Fructus His- 
torise Ecclesiastical Studiosis percipiendi 
sunt?" Charles Edward Kennaway, B. A. 
.St. John's College ; George Long, B. A. 
Trinity College. 

The Porson Prize for the best translation 
of a passage from Shakspeare into Greek 
verse, was on Monday last adjudged to Ben- 
jamin Hall Kennedy, of St. John's College. 

Subject : — Henrv VIIL Act v. Scene 6', 
beginning with <* lliis Royal Infant," and 
ending with *' And so stand fix'd." 

July 2. — ^This being Commencement Day, 
the following Doctors were created : 

In Divinity. — Tlie Very Rev. William 
Cockbum, of St. John's College, Dean of 
York, (lyy proocyj ; the Very Rev. Thomas 
Calvert, of St. John's College, Norrisian 
Professor of Divinity, and Warden of Christ 
College, Manchester; Rev. Wm. Lowfleld 
Fancourt, of Clare Hall, Master of St. Sa- 
viour's Grammar School, South wark; Rev. Sa- 
muel Bennett, of St. Peter's College, Chaplain 
of the Penitentiary, Mtlbank, Westminster, 
Rector of Walton on the Hill, Surrey, and 
Chaplain in Ordinary to H. R. H. the Duke 
of Sussex ; Rev. Thomas Phillips, of Queen's 
College, Master of tl)e Academy at Whit- 
church, Herefordshire. 

In Civil Law. — Robert Wardell, of Tri- 
nity College ; East George Clayton, of Caius 
College. 

Jn Physic, — Courthorpe Suns, of Trinity 
College. 

W^ KCi! ESTER, JuZ^ 10. — Tliis evening the 



annual election commenced at Winchester 
College. The electors were received at the 
College ^tes at about 7 o'clock, bj the 
Warden, vice Warden, and Dr. Gabell, when 
an elegant Latin Oration was delivered at 
the entranceof the middle gate, by Mr.Tre* 
menbeere. 

July 1 1 . — ^Hls Majesty's gold wad nlvtr 
medals were adjudged as follow : 

Latin prose, " Viromm illustrinm miBinui 
quieque vitia statim in oculos nOmidum in* 
curnmt.' ' Mr. Henry Davidson t ft Gold Blaal. 

English verse, " The death of Ledr Jelie. 
Grey." Mr. Hugh Seymour Tremoineiit i 
a Gold Medal. 

<< Hannibalis ad Scipionem de pace ontiow" 
Mr. Henry Le.Mesurier ; a Silver MedtL 

The Speech of « Titus Quiucti«s to -ihe 
Romans, when the iEqni and Voltei weni 
ravaging their territory to the veiy gates of 
the citnr." Mr* James Corry Conndkn j * 

Silver Medal. 

Ready for PubUeeUum. 

Mr. Britton's « Graphic and Ihmrf 
Illustrations of Fonthill Abbey." Beeklts 
twelve engravings, it will omitain eight Ge- 
nealogical Tables of the Beckford taoSljp 
drawn up by Mr. Beltz ; and particular de- 
scriptions of the buildings, scenenr, &c. 

liie first Number of Mr. BkitToIi's 
« Histonr and Illustrations of Wells C«tihe- 
dral." Three more Numbers, containfaig 
22 engravings in the whole, will compiets 
that Oithedral. We understand that Mr« 
Britton intends to visit Exeter Catbednl this 
summer, for the purpose of snrreyings and 
having drawings made of that intenating 
church. 

A concise Description of the Elfish 
I^kcs, and the Mountains in their Tioinity» 
with remarks on the Mnieralogy and (Ho- 
logy of the District. By Jonathaw Ort-tv. 

A Dissertation on the Fall. By the Rev. 
Geo. Holdbn, M.A. of Halshall, Lancaahupe. 

A new Edition of the Sermons of Blr. 

Worthii^l^tony 



;id93.] 



Liieratwrt and Science, 



59 



Worthinston* noticed iii p. 1439 whh three 
•dditioaQr Sermont. 

The Farmer's Directoiy. By Leonard 

TOWNE. 

Flon Domestica, or the Portable flower- 
Garden ; with Directions for the Treatment 
of Plants in Pote> and lUustrationa from the 
Works of the Poets, 

Jotunal of a Tour in France^ in the Years 
1 8 1 tf and 1817. By Frances Jane Carey. 

The Italian School of Design (containing 
84 Plates); being a Series of Fac-similes of 
Original Drawings, by the most eminent 
Painters and Sculptors of Italy ; witli Bio- 
graphical Notices of the Artists, and Obser- 
vations on their Works. By William 
Young Ottley, Esq. 

Specimens of British Poetry> chiefly se- 
lected from Authors of high celebrity ; and 
interspersed with Original Writings. By 
E&izabetu Scott. 

The Youthful Travellers ; or. Letters 
^efly descriptive of Scenes visited by some 
Young People during a Summer's Exciu'sion. 
Designed as Examples of the Epistolary 
Style for Children. 

A Translation of *' Les Hermites en 
Prbon." By Mons. Jouv. 

The Berwick New and Improved General 
Gazetteer. 

Parts I. to III. of a New Geographical 
Pictionanr. By J. W. Clarke, Esq. 
.. Naturalist's Repository, or Monthly Mis- 
cellany of Exotic Natural Hbtory. An 
Order in the Council of the Linnean Society 
lias been lately passed, by which Mr. Dono- 
TAN will be allowetd to enrich his New 
Monthly Work, the *< Naturalist's Reposi- 
t(nyy". with the Icones of those choice and 
very beautiful species of the Psittacus and 
Couunba Tribe, which are described in the 
lIuKteenth Volume of the Linneean Trans- 
%etions ; the greater part of which, if not 
tibe whole, are of such rarity, as to be found 
only in the Museum of the Unnean Society . 
1^ maybe further added, that the Entomolo- 
gical Papers, by the Rev. Mr. Kirby, in 
lian. Trans. Vol. 12, p. 2,. will also, by the 
l^wnission and fiivour of their author, re- 
ceive the advantage of some further elucida- 
Cioii of tlie same nature in this new publi- 
cation. The Ornithological Memoir on the 
wdi discovered in the Ute Northern Expe- 
dition> inserted in Linn. Trans, vol. 13, 
apd that in the Narrative of the Expedition 
ycUished by authority, will likewise engage 
■tttntion in some future numbers. 

Thn scientific developement of the true 
diancters of the ambiguous object which 
lately attracted much of the public notice 
imdier the title of the *< Mermaid" is at 
netay and will appear very shortly. This 
Ipst mentioned article is expected to prove 
gf more than usual interest, as it will com- 
l|Uie, amoiu[ other information, some traits 
..CffNf^ural History upon this curious subject 
^oU e ctcd bj.. Piofessor Thunberg, the tra- 



veller, and successor of linnseus to the 
Chair of Upsal, and by his pupil Dr. Sutt- 
ner, from the books extant in Japan and 
China, in the respective languages of those 
Countries ; authorities at this tune, it is to 
be believed, exclusively in the possession of 
the Proprietors, and which it is presumed 
may be alt<^ther unknown to any of the 
European Naturalists. 

An Illustration of the Architecture and 
Sculpture of the Cathedral Church of Wor- 
cester, on twelve plates, each 10 by 12 
inches, carefully engraved in the line man- 
ner from drawings by C. Wild, and acoom- 
paned by an historical and descriptive account 
of the Fabric. 

Preparing for PubUaUwn, 

An Historical, Antiquarian, and Topo- 
graphical Account of the ancient and pre- 
sent state of the Parish of Lambeth, in the 
County of Surrey ;■ accompanied with a cor- 
rect Map of the Parish, and about one hun- 
dred Engravings, executed in a bold and 
masterly style, from Original Drawings made 
expressly for the Work. 

nay7ii/u,e^a)tf, or Calendar of the Anti- 
quities, Natural History, and Astronomical 
Observations of each Day in the Year. 

A Fourth Series of Sermons, in Manu- 
script type, on characters from Scripture, 
for the use of the younger Cler^, and 
candidates for Holy Oiders. By the Rev. R» 
Warner, Rector of Great Chalfield, Wilts. 

Memoirs of the Court of Louis XIV. and 
of the Regency ; extracted from the Ger- 
man Correspondence of Madame Elizabeth 
Charlotte Duchess of Orleans, Mother of 
the Regent. Preceded by a Biographical 
notice of that Princess ; and with Notes. 

Memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth- Anne Ulyat, 
of Sutton St. Nicholas, Lincolnshire. By 
T. Rogers. 

Travels through parts of the United States 
and Canada, in 1818 and 1819. By John 
Morison Duncan, A. B. 

Adrastus, a Tragedy, with Arambel, or 
the Cornish Lover, a Metrical Tale, founded 
on fact, and other Poems. By R. C. Dal- 
las, Esq. 

The 7th Edition of Mr. Fanman's Ac- 
count of the Public Funds, with considerable 
additions. The Work has been completely 
re-modelled. 

Antiquities in France. 
It M well known that Aries is one of the 
cities in Franco the richest in antiquities, 
and nothiug is more celebrated than its 
Amphitheatre, which, notwithstanding its 
neglected state, still excites the admiration 
of all travellers who visit the South. It 
was very reasonably supposed that in its 
neighbourhood must be buried a great num- 
ber of the statues with which the Roman 
theatres were decorated. The magistrates: 
have thought fit, for the sake of the Fine 

Arts, 



no Literature and Science, L^crij^t 

AjtBy to hftvc thd ground tunied up» and the ht off. Tbb will be the third ttattt* tafctB 

foUowing are aome particulars of the result, from the ruins of this ancient Theatre t weft 

which seem to be worth making kuovm. of Venus was found in 1663 1 that of Jimiter 

The strictesf orders were given that the in 1788. It may be conjectured that tneee 

operations should be so carried on as not to fine statues ornamented the stag*. The 

injure the buildings on the spot that was to head just found exoeeds by 9i Kdm th» 

be explored. This made it necessary to keep Venus of Aries* 

at a distance of firom four or fire metres Bklzoni. 

from the fii^ade of the Theatre, which ia Our readers may reelect, thai te file 

brobably rich in andiitecture. On the other description ite gave some three moalha age^ 

nand> most of the houses are built on the of the lid of we granite sareophagei} ne- 

part where the actors appeared* and where sented to the FitzwQliam Museum faj Mb*. 

the fragments of the fine ornaments of the Belxoni, we alluded to the perikms J a oi aey 

stage may be supposed to be buried. ^How- which that enterprising traveller w 

ever* the trenches which have been opeued to undertake. We have latehr betin 



in the street of the Old College, and which with an extract of a letter of his, dattii tbs 

follow the direction of it, approach at length 5 th of May, at Fez, the capital of MntfoeeOf 

this interesting p4rt of the edifice. to a gentleman in this universifly. We an 

At the depth of three metres (about three haj^y to find, that Mr. Belseu haa 



yards,) masses of stone were found, which n^nced his undertaking with finrottiabla mw- 

were recognized to be the circular steps that pices, and we most sincerely hope tliaft he 

surrounded the orcl^estra ; and one metre may be enabled to aocompluh hb pkn of 

lower there was a sepulchral lamp. 'After traversing the great breadth of Africa. If 

these steps a pavement was discovered of he should succeed in this HeronWan taak, 
white marble slightly veined with bine. In ' Nee vero Alcides tantura tellorie ohiv^* 

a second trench were found several pieces of he will leave the labours of all fiHiaer tr a fel- 

Parian marble, among which were fragments lers at an immeasurable diatanoa* We on- 

of a fluted column, a detached piece of a derstand that his design b first to feach 

Corinthian eapital, and the left breast of a Timbuctoo, and from thence eoetiBiie hia 

draped statue. At this point they dug to route through the heart of Afirica te T 

the depth of five metres and a half, that is He will then pass through NaUa, 

to say, twenty-five centimetres below the once more in the land of E^ypty tha 

ancient level of the Theatre. of his memorable disoov^iea. The Iblkyv- 

The third trench has laid open a stone ing is tl\e extract which we have bean pi^ 

bench fifty centimetres broad, covered with mitted to copy : 

cement, and which seems to mark the sepa- ** In the short letter I wrote to yoD frooi 

ration of the proscenium and the orchestra. Tangier, dated the 10th of April, lliifenaail 

Towards the middle there was a bas-relief of you that I had gained permiaaion fiooi 1^ 

white marble resting on a socle. The sub- Majesty the Emperor of Morocaoy to 




ject of this bas-relief is Apollo, seated, with his country as fiir as Fez, and that I bad 
his left arm resting on his lyre, having in 



great herpes of obtaining his 

his right hand the tripod which was con^ penetrate further sonth. I stated also^ 

secrated to him at Delphi. On each of the withstanding the great chaives on erf pnwh^ 

projections to the rient and left there is a vnsuf/ported as lam, andrdving mHrikf €k 

laurel. In the lateral part, to the left, is my own resmirees, that nothlag ahoold be 

Marsyas suspended by tne arms to an oak, left undone belbre l> quitted nj alliBi^ f 

to which a double flute is also hangmg ; tike have now great pleasare in ae q ea iatf ug Tf*^ 

sufferer is covered with a lion'a skin nstened my dear friend, of my safe arrital at PW% 

across the breast. The right of the bas-re- after having been- detained at l^Mafar liQ • 

lief represents the young Scythian sharpen- letter had been forwarded froaiMr^^oeglaaj 

ing theinstrument of punishment command- his Britannio Majesty's Consul at Taaglirt 

ed by the god^of hannony. The following to the Minister at Fez, to ebtaiB petmlMlan 

day, at a small distance, and just oppostte, frx>m the Emperor for me to a|ni t u e< ii U^ 

a very fine head of a statue was found, with capital. As soon as a fiivonrable aaraer waa 

the neck and jpart of tlie breast to the ori- received, we started from thia plaaa» aadi bl 

gin of the left arm attached. It is easy to ten days arrived here in safotv, with aij ici* 

see that both the marble and the workinan- ter hay, who, having sooceeM in |H1iiim1 

ship are Greek. Except the mutilation of iog me to take her as for aa Tanginr, Itea 

the nose, which is not irreparable, the whole also inforced her influence to p w oaa d 96 

is in an astonishing state of preservation. Fez; but this, though much agaiaat hat 

There is no emblem, no attribute to indicate will, must be her Non plus- vUn, 



the name of thb beautifol statue ; but the day I had the honour to be praainlad to Ua 
dignity of the countenance, the expression Majesty the Emperor, and was h^AJy 



of the eyes and the mouth, the serene beauty fied with his reception of ma. Ha waa mo* 
of the features, lead to the supposition that quamied that I had letters of mtrodualiap 
it must represent the chaste Diana. It is from Mr. Wilmot, to the Consul in Taagier^ 
hoped that the remainder of the body is not from whom I received iadeed the gwatast 

hospitality, 



vim 



HMMiM wid Ski m nl 



n 




UglMl 

ri^^tait 4MMM «^^MHlMld'« 

lidblMiHyl aUMMt Ilk M^Jw-^ 
■ntMfmtl>*iirtwi' 





tff 



If nwiiitf ilimfif teMMN-ttfi if 



,r- . - .ir- .. . Wftrf«otf,ii»didl 

I dMl iidd tDddMi^ 
Utt Trili|it of FoHnier 

Mif M^MMi M«l»^ifll fa WBd to tlM- 




i^bi^ «Aw»-irtM N»» Ma into iIm 



^ii9# MMaqr 




mk< iMmT*, and ■» 
JBfld the will re^ 

-fl»lBr» Afc i l liti r i4»a<aeh anxiety 
«^ ijhi HMMb-WMMMt %llilA n*7 arrive 

^ ^ tw der, and if we- 

j^mfti'UfMM l*i* dtftenh and dan* 

gMNitafM#Mlr'«*^«itr ^^ aay thai it 
will »ImS| *! OM- wild li in every reapeot 
taiOBt ^(MnUdlto the attempt. 

CitmM^ Chronide* 

OmxwM CoLUMv or tub Boman Empire. 

Jtoewy JuM l^^Onr antiqiiaries are quite 
endnMed with tiie diseoveries which are 
aaaldng^ la tlie f^mmm, and they expect others 
of f hgiea i ef importaaee in consequence 
d die weenitiiiins prajeeted in the same 
pieee; The fin* ndlituy cokimtt> the centre 
of tliMi Rooaii empiroy which has been so 
ioB|^ aoMfat after, la now found. The cele- 
haatid AhM Feai, who direets these re- 
iehie» and w>hoae kamed m nenetratee 
reeboDellted nnae aAd earth which oove^ 
thh theil reef eaeient Roman magnificence^' 
wreMJiM treaamea to ^ lovers of antiquity. 
Ify m It tl'iaSd to be intended, the Forum 
•hoold be entirely' cleared, it would present 
» aoene ealctdated to astonish the imagina* 

tioo. ' 

ExtMOLOOY. 

In a woilr Ob the origin of Runic writing, 
recently published at Copenhagen, the au- 
thor, M . Buxdorf, traces the sources of the 
Ronie writing of the ancient Scandinavians 
in the MoBsogothic alphabet of Ulphiks. 
M. Buttmann, one of the members of the 
Royal Aeademy of Sciences at Berlin, has 
written a ]paper on the word Miny^B, He 



* Tafletia 340 mijea south of Fez. 



■ i . 



■iWnlnn viliy- «M 
Miny»» and ei^ieai tin* thai 
never the liaae ef • teeok* 
hkn It deaigeated a Imd of 
■obUilw^^il WW derived tan 
Iftntt ki, among tibe IndteMy the Mht 
die human iaoe« lie eapeaia a«in In 
%^ wbare he b eatted Man, oi^ AUnek 
He la egain seen in the Mnm «f the Cietiniy 
the Jf audi of the Lydinii the MnHwe d| 
the Qemana, and in the word JfMak Thlf 
lanw aofajeot haa en gaj g e d theattenfioii ef 
BflU Nemneon, of Gettingen, who oomete^ 
in e-aketeh of the hiatory of Oiete^ mOil^ 
tdna diet the leMmhlenee In aonnd of -tile 
Indian Ifenn to the Cretan liUtoy la §m 
fipom indicating a^ analogy between tiw 
Inatitirtiona of ImSm, and CiMei whMi ill 
fiMi were eaaentiaUy difinent. Ahilljf-Ia* 
aayontheCdtioLan^niyhy JnBnal liiln 
kn, the Keener of the Arddvee alMboM^ 
and'tn iridcn he eaandnea i^ tmtk wmSt^ 
Stigstf Sf^gfUf Duvuwif and Acmm^ inttHV 
kntk the termfaiation of a nnmhet oif Caws 
nouns, condodea thns 3 *< I an tireid df 
always hearing the Romans q^iolMl when the 
eommenoemeat of over eivittsation ia a poh aw 
of; while nothing iaaaid of our obKgMaMi 
totheCelta, It wee not the Latina^ It ene 
dbe Qanla who were onr £rft inatmetoie.*^ - 

The Diamond. 
A letter from New York, dated Jiine 9, 
says, « If the lonndaght-lbr phlioiO|^liM'if 
stone, by which baMfr anbatittdes eoaUlMr 
transmuted into gold, haa not yet beeik'' 
found, an invention of still grMter Im- 
portance has at length crowned the efforts 
of American chemists. It has long been 
known that the diamond, the most preciovJr 
of all substances, is 'composed of carbon in 
its pare state. But although the powers of 
chemical analysis have been sufficient by 
repeated experiments clearly to establisn 
this fact, yet the knowledge of it was of na 
practical importance to tne world, because 
the powers of synthesis fidled, and no mo^ 
had been devised of imitating nature b^ 
uniting the constituents of this preciont 
gem. In other words, the philosopher wik 
able to convert diamonds into carbon, but 
he was ignorant of the art of converting 
carbon into diamonds. If the experimente 
of Professor Silliman can be relied on, this' 
desideratum has ia part been supplied. The 
last Number of his Journal of Science c<m-i 
tuns an article on the philosophical tnsj^-i 
ment called Deflagrator, invented by Pro- 
fessor Hare, of Philadelphia, by which \\, 
appears that charcoal, plumbago, and anthre- 
cite, have been fused by the power of that 
instrument, and transmuted into diamonds.*' 

Russian Literature. 

In the Department of Foreign Affairs of 
Russia, an establishment is formed for the 
study of the Oriental languages, in order to 
educate young men to act as interpreters to 

Diplomatic 



(Si lAleralure and Svknce, \,^u\y, 

l>ip|ftinBt*^ MiMicmt ia the East. The Byname for ftftwgvineM tt Mr. Hogaith'a 

wnnber of •tudentt is fixed «t twentT. Pro- reqnesty and as his friend ; but now ba must 

Cbmots Demsnges and Charmoy, both pnpilb still go to another friend* and then to aao- 

dT the celebrated Silvestre de Sacy, are ther: to how many must he still apply before 

phced at the head of this new establishment^ he gets a sufficient number ? . This is mere 

with a salary of 6000 rubles. he£gg;ing ; and should such a man as Hogarth 

# be suffered to beg ? Am I not his friend ?' 

Sale of Garrick's Pictures. The result was* that he instantly turned 

June 88. The echoes of Mr. Christie's back, and purchased those fine pictures ai 

kaomker (heard during the recent sale of the price of SOO guinMs, whicn the artist 

the magnificent collection of pictures, re- himself had fixed." — Hogarth's principal oh- 

corded in our last Number*) had hardly ject in painting them, like his other great 

died away, when they were ciJled into lite works, was for the purpose of copying them 

agaiA by the sale of the collection now by engravings. They were published bf 

i£out to be described : a collection which subscription at two guineas the set. For tha 

was chiefly indebted to << the magic of a first plate of the Election Entertainment t » 

same" for its successfol dispersion: — and he had 461 subscribers, at 10s. 6</.; and for 

thatnamewasGARRiCK— a name which stands, the three others only 165 subscribers; so 

and will for ever stand, deservedly high. His that there were S96 names to the first, who 

renius was as universal in acting t, as was did not subscribe to the other three. What 

obakspeare's in writing. And besides, Garrick price the distinguished purchaser has given 

nfaced with the learned and the fiuhionable for them, the subjoined list will record, 

world. He was, moreover, a man of wit, of Mr. Soane has a very extraordlnarv graphic 

iBrte, and of superior intellectual parts, cabinet { and boasts, moreover, with justice. 

He did wonders tor his profession. Ho- of the possession of that most awfriUy 

«arth's four pictures of toe Entertainment emphatic display of the pictorial art, the 

to the Electors and Uieir Wives (which was Rake*s Progress, by the same painter. The 

Mosidered by tl^ Painter as the first of the moral, there, is terrifically impressive. 

aet), the CamxuSy the PoU, and the Chairing, But, in the Election series, we think there 

formed tlie great attraction ; they were in are very many disgusting, if not depnved 

foct the lions of the collection. exhibitions or human nature, whidb misht 

The following anecdote of the mode by have been avoided, with no great diminution 

which Garrick became possessed of these of the excellence of the composition. Still, 

Sunmis pictures, has been vouched as ge- as a pure and uninjured specimen of the 

Duine : << When Hogarth had finished them, pencil of Hogarth, wis set is pobablj in- 

he went to Gburrick, with whom he was on estimable. The colouring is mellow and per- 

very intimate terms, and told him he had feet, especially in the Feast; but the out-of- 

cmnpleted them ; adding, * It does not ap- door scenery of the Chairing, is a great 

rar likely that I shall find a purchaser, as favourite with us. These pictures disj^y a 

value them at two hundred guineas ; I wonderful knowledge of human nature i the 

therefore intend to dispose of them by a Poll, however, is almost too painfol to con- 

nffle among my friends, and I hope you will template. The man, with an iron hook to 

put down your name.' Grarrick told him a wooden arm, fixed on the Testament, in 

ne would consider of it, and call on him the the act of taking an oath, is grotesque and 

next day. He accordingly did so, and hav- humorous ; but the impotent, and paralytic, 

ing conversed with Hogarth for some time, and palsied, are not fit subjects for latire. 

pot down his name for five or ten guineas. Human natiu%, in such situations, can never 

and took hb leave. He had scarcely got provoke laughter, but must excite eommi- 

into the street, when (as Mrs. Garrick, from aeration. However, by becoming master «if 

whom the story b derived, stated) he began this series, Mr. Soane has evinced a nUantry 

a soliloquy to the following effect : * What of spirit which places him among uie most 

lAve I been doing ? I have just put down prominent virtuosi of the day. 

* The Collection of George Watson Taylor, esq. M. P. See Part I. p. 546. 

i* A powerfol anecdote is told of his histrionic talents, which we believe to be not gene- 
rally known. In acting King Lear, he once — on advancing to the front of the stage — in 
the delineated paroxysm of agony, had the misfortune to pull his wig on one side, showing 
his own dark hair beneath the grey locks of the peruke. With any other man, this acddent 
would have been fatal — in exciting the general laughter of the house. With Garrick, it 
had no such effect. Men's eyes were fixed on his expressive countenance, and their 
bosoms were rent by the heart-thrilling tones of his voice. The ivig was forgotten. 

X This matchless performance, for composition, character, and clearness of tone, is not 
excelled by any of north's pictures. It is admirably illustrated by Mr. Charles Ijunbf 
in his Essay on the « &enius and Character of Hogarth." Mr. Lamb infinitely prefers it 
to the *' March to Finchley." We regret that want of room compek us barely to refer to 
Mr. Lamb's observations, which will 1^ found particularly interesting, in Nichols's ** Ho- 
garth," vol. lU. p. 81. 

Now 



IMM 




•Tlfcfr'iMtai^MMlttK l 4i ri » l «irfl Hwl lllli<fAl*6t _. 

-HoaMiTH. n^ vtif ««liilMil »t 4»f ttylM of iBiferaBt VImbWi rUsMn. 8c_. 

IWal,tlMGMM%A»BDB,«dtlMClMMig^ t»» to U p£i«td by flonniw. t*y*> Mk 

'HlnyedbfllfdfliUfgfwt Mr. OitpiBaii.} / 

fcr iilhiAiig Ci»wirtew» Marlow. A Vmw of Londoo tad Bin^ 

dni tliiv«Nii»iattdiritli frian Bridn, moIt Momk^ SooM^^ 

, ^^ -jf bl> flw i b Bi M of loBi. [14/. 14«. Mr. LwVlmi.] 

— {iTMtrlOb Tkif lot «w pnralMMd liy Do. A View of W«itmia«tor Brid^ 

Jobs SonBi EtOi IL A. vith • npirit vwtby Bvenfaig SeeMy dM Coaraiiiioii.— rt4lt 14a. 

* ^tMlij Mr-LMribton.] 



011. PMBrit «f l£w Cbnlck MMd at ZofiuiT. Portrailt of Mr. Cbrridk aii 

Ui Writii^^ablt, tnn^btiif hb Frolqm Mn. GUmt ia th« ohaneltrt «f Mhr Md 

tolteti-tniflf Ml».OMiwkb«]iiiMl, ill- Belvidert.— [«e2. At. Mr. Luiib(oii.l 

tvmptiag Ub Ib bit ratcrie*, jBatMCadi0ie4 Do. Mr. Churrick in Ao Forawr^ _ 

Mitf <nfA «Mi tfipiM^[^6l. 11«. Bfr. ftmi, tht Oompuiiim.— [881 1««. Do.] 

LodBnr»ofGiwMd»Hotpiiy.1 . Do. Portnit of hMt QiaMk vith • 

— Fortiaii «f Sit GoM|p Hi^y LUO. Mask.— [28/. 9i. Mn»Garr.l ' « 

J«tetftliftCo«ftofAilBiMlt|rt. [fti.] Haynan. Pbrtrait ofMr..€htfilek,filMi 

»MMtk^ Shaloh «f tho Happj Mar> yoiiiig,a«idofMr.WyadhaM,taMed«t«Mr 

iiwl>-{7i*7«»;MbFmHii»QriheAdel- •afaiiiaLaiidse^po.^rit<.l«.8tf..Noitakl 



mtmmmi' Wooctoa, A wliokjangcli Pottnii iJT 

Dik ftflM»«l».M«DiakKH!7<>7«. Mr. Wyadliam, in * Afilhaiy MUk DiMfc 



iiir, FiMwr] : *> —[a/. Mr.Cord.1 

Pfc-MrtrfiAtiMliiaBaafaiHilt— d LHalwrt. A MoaataSnoai UadMM^ 
ft mmB FMMit ^ 4 Cip Dfl|^^[46l. 4». «iihBiiiklaigt,aLaln,aadFlg«fMpalaiil 



Mff« Ooail . with daamoM, aad ia vary tlaraife 

IhaoMm ¥otii». A Vkir of PkU Matt, [161. Do.] 
Ilw i|MSliMaiib'tetiWTMrl4609 « ZoAuijr. A smaU wiMl»-kBgthPlM«lill 



twiy-WB!iwi»-<W%iWiiii inwiiii^, ftiilod:^-^ of Mr. Qarriek ia tba ohanoter of Lbnl 
fekltt,- MtA^fJkmi Ghaftrtooo^rtli. lOfc «& Afr.WaMij.] 



Botk* -A laniiiifirj Mrir ^riied mid Do. Do. of Mr.Ganridr, in tha 

>w^-H!lNfe I14« Mn^IWiV.] ter of Sir John Bnite.-^[19i. 18«. BmI itf 

ISIlMiip.: LiMior 0f •aApartmaiitwith Emox.] 

' — —- — ■ — — — — ■■■■■■-■■ . ■ 

* Thia piotore bas not been enmved. It is thus described by Chancellor Hoadly in a 
lettor to Dr. Warton : ** Hosarth has got into Portraits ; and has his hands fiill of bnai- 
neta« and at an high priee. He has almost finished a most noble one of our sprightly friend! 
David Garrick and bis Wife : they are a fine contrast. David is sitting at a table, smilingly 
tbougbtlu] over an epilogue or some such composition (of his own you may be sure)^ Ing 
head annported hj his writbg-hand; and Madam is archly enoneh stealing away his pctt 
unseen behind. It bas not so much fimcy as to be affected or rioicnlous, and yet enoqgb 
to ratsa it £rom tha formal inanity of ^ mere Portrait." 

't Mr. Qiriatie uypeaia not to have been aware that this Portrait was also by Hogarth. 
It ia tbni ipol^n of m the same letter quoted in the preceding note. ** There is an admi- 
laiilo bead of Dr. Hay of the Commons, which, if it were like, I would not have my pictova 
dmwn. I should not like to meet that figure alive in the fielda going to Che]8ey> tor finur 

of dying that night in a ditch 

With twenty gaping gashes on my crown." 

Sir G. Hay was tbe intimate friend of Hogarth ; who dedicated to him the Plate of tbt 
Chairingy in tbe set of the Election Prints. See Hogarth's Works, II. p. SOI. 

X This sketch is little more than the first commencement, or what in Painter's language 
is called the dead colouring. A female figure, sitting, is elegant and pretty ; a young man 
sitting by her side, and figures, &c. in front. It is ill-naturedly described by Mr. Steevens^ 
in ** Hogarth's Works," vol. I. p. 194. It is a different design from that engraved in 
Samuel Ireland's « Graphic Illustrations," vol. II. p. 125 ; and has never been engraved. 

§ This Picture was painted for Mr. Grarrick ; but was left by Hogarth in an unfinished 
state ; from which it is supposed he was not satisfied with his undertaking. It was en- 
graved by Mr. Townley, and only three impressions are supposed to exist. (See S. Ire- 
land's Hogarth, I. 178, where is a copy of this print.) It was also engraved, with some 
^rBxiaiAomf by Ogborne, 1799. 

II This Pictura is beautiful and spirited. Garrick purchased it at the sale of the Earl of 
Essex, in January 1777 ; and was said to have given d50i. for it; but probably 50/. was 
the real nmu (See Hogarth's Works, I. p. 492.) It is engraved in Samuel Ireland's 
Hogarthy vol U. p. 72. 

Zoffany. 



64 



Literature ami Science, 



[July, 



Zoffmoy. A Pair of small Views of the Villa 
•nd GhrouOfdi of Mr. Garrick, at Hampton. 
— [12/. 125. Mr. Smart.] 

Do. Mr. and Mrs. Garrick> and Mr. 
Bowdaoy taking Tea on the Lawn, of the 
Villa at Hampton, and Mr. George Garrick 
anting. — [49/. 7^. Mr. Lambton.] 
^Do. Shakfpeare's Temple, and Portraits 
of Mr. and Mrs. Crarrick resting on the 
Steps of the Portico, with a Fayoorite Dog 
in the front ground, and View of a Reach 
of the River; Companion to the preceding 
Fioture.— [98/. 7*. Do.] 

Mieris. A Gentleman playing on the 
Guitar, and a Lady singing at a Window.^— 
[79/. 16*. Mr. Rutley.] 

Loutherbourg. A Romantic Landscape, 
with Pastoral Figifres, fresh Morning Scene. 
— [so/. 9s, Mr. Crawford/) 

Do. The Companion Landscape, with 
Fignresy warm Evening. — [47/. 15s. 6d, Do.] 
Do. A Shepherd and his Child with a 
Group of Cows, in a bold Landscape, very 
^britei and free, — [104/. 195. Prince Leo- 
pold.] 

O^do. Pinabel and Bradamante (Orlando 
FMoto, canto JJ.J in a Landscape, the 
Figures small life, painted with much deHcacy. 
This Picture was presented to Mr. Gnurrick 
by LordBurlington. — [40/. 1 9s, Mr.Rutley.] 
P. Perugino. The Dead Christ, taken 
down from the Cross, and surrounded by the 
Thne Maries, and other Figures; Buildings 
B the distance. — [43/. mr. Noseda.] 

N. Poussin. Remuns of Roman Archi- 
tecture, and Students designing from them, 
upright. — [46/. 45. Mr. Norton.] 

A. del Sarto. The Virgin, Child, and St. 
John, attended by Three Infiint Angels. 
Presented to Mr. Garrick by Lord Balti- 
more, at Rome. — [267/. 1 55. Prince Leo- 
pold.] Lord Baltimore is said to have given 
500/. for this picture. His Lordship ac- 
companied his presentation of it to Garrick 
with a letter in terms highly complimentary, 
and which Mr. Christie read to his auditory. 
N. Poussin. A Group of Naiads, Infant 
Bacchanals, a Faun and Satyrs, in Land- 
scape ; the Figures elenmtly designed, and 
grand in character. Tne whole is painted 
with strong effect of chiaro scuro. — 
[199/. 105. Mr. Rutley.] 

Roubiliac, 1741. A Bust of Pope, in 
gimpble. — [58/. 165. Mr. Lambton.] 

U. Nost, 1764. An eariy Bust of his 
late Majesty, George HL— [21/. 105. 6d, 
Mr. Core.] 

Do. A Bust of Garrick in terra cotta. — 
[9/. 195. 6d, Mr. Nicholson.] 

A Painting in enamel, or gold, presented 
as a Medal to Mr. Garrick, by the Incorpo- 
rated Actors belonging to the Theatre Royal 
Drury Lane, as a memorial of their grati- 
tude for his havbg established the Theatri- 
cal Fund.— [27/. 6s, Mr. Rainey.] The 
Pkintmg executed by J. Hower, 1777 ; in a 
case. 



An Inkstand, formed of 'the StratAnrd 
Mulberry-tree. — [51, I5s.6d, Mr.^novles.] 

A Salt-cellar, made of Delft ware, which 
formerly belonged to Shidnpeare.^— [2/. 95. 
Webb.] / 

A Pair of Gloves and a Dagger, formerly 
belonging to Shakspeare, said to be ov- 
thentick,--[3l, 8s.] [In Mrs. Garrick** will, 
she bequeathed a pair of ghuet, worn by 
Shakspeare, to Mrs. Siddons; these were 
not the gloves.] 

A Box, made of the Mulberry-'triee at 
Stratford, containing the Freedom of Lich- 
field, presented to Mr. Garrick. 

A Miniature Portrait of Mr. Garrick. — 
47/. 55. 

The whole Collection sold for nearly 
4000/. 

July 21. Some of the most prized and 
authentic relicks of Garrick and Shabpeare 
were sold by auction by direction of the 
Court of Chancery, at Garrick's Villa a€ 
Hampton ; viz, — ^A Vase and pedestal of th< 
most exquisite workmanship, formed of the 
mulberry tree planted by Shakspeare, cu- 
riously mounted and ornamented with silver 
gilt, and a finely polishod black marble base 
and steps, the pedestal containing a medal- 
lion of Shakspeare on the one sidte, and on 
the other tne following inscription: — 
<' Sacred to the memory of William Shaks- 
peare, the applause, delight, the wonder of 
the British Stage, bom 1564, died 1610 :*' 
supported on a carved and partly gilt bracket, 
with a glass cover. This vase was placed in 
the clutmber in which Garrick slept» and it 
sold for 22/. 11 5. 6d, — A singulany ourimis 
Elbow Chair, enriched with tae emblems ol 
Tragedy and Comedy, admirably carved from 
a design by Hogarth*, with a medallion of 
Shakspeare on the back, carved from a poT'- 
tion of the celebrated mulberry tree by ni»- 
garth himself, sold for 152/. 55. This chair 
was always placed by the side of the statue 
of Shakspeare by Roubiliac, in the temple 
dedicated to the Bard. A Noble Marouia 
is said to be the purchaser. We regret that 
the Trustees of the British Museum, to 
whom Garrick bequeathed the famous mo- 
nument, were not the purchasers.— >A me- 
dallion portrait of Shakspeare, carved on a 
piece of the Stratford mulberry tree, and 
originally worn by Garrick at tne Jubilee* 
sold for 13/. 

Mr. Alexander Davison's Picturu. 

June 29. The Pictures of Mr. Alexander 
Davison were sold by auction, at Mr. Stan- 
ley's room, in Maddox-street. Mr. Davison 
had determined that none but the works of 
British artists should find a place in his gal- 
lery. This gentleman, however, did not 
limit his patronage to the purchase of those 

* This Chair is engraved in Samuel Ire- 
land's <* Hogarth/' vol. II. p. 147. 

works 



1833.] Literature and Science. 65 

works of the English school, which had al- 7. Sir Philip Sidney morlaUy mounded, 

retdj acquired celebrity; but in 1806 he ordering the water^ which was brought to him 

commissioDed certun artists to paint for him to be first given to a wounded soldier. By B. 

aome new pictures. He left the free choice West, R. A. — ^The fibres are crowded in 

of the subject of each jnctore to the respec- confusion. The heads appear to have been 

tive painters, with this restriction only, copied from carvings in wood. Those of 

that it should be taken from British History. Sidney and the wounded man are particularly 

The pictures which Mr. Davison obtained objectionable. Sold for 1 00 guineas. 
in consequence of this order, were 10 in 8. The wife of the Neatherd rebuking King 

number^ and they formed the chief attrac- Alfred, who had taken shelter in her cottage, 

tion of the sale. They were as follows : disguised as a peasant, for having suffered 

1, Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, the cakes to bum which she had submitted to 

presenting Margaret the eldest daughter of kis care, David Wilkic, R. A. — One of the 

Henry FIL to James IV* King of Scotland, least known works of this celebrated artist, 

at Lamerton near Berwick, By James but it is, however, scarcely inferior to his 

Northcote, R. A. — ^This picture, with the more recent productions. In the centre of 

exception of the face of Margaret, is not of the picture Alfred is sitting with his bow in 

a kind to merit particular notice. It did his nand, which he has been preparing for 

not meet with a bidder at 10 guineas, and use. To the lefb, a little behind, are the 

was therefore passed. Neatherd and his wife, who are supposed to 

«. The Etxrl of Surrey resisting the uncon- have just come in with some fuel. The 

stiiuHonal attempts to question by Quo fVar- woman is in the act of reprimanding Alfred, 

ranio the Tenures and Liberties of the Ancient and a girl in the left comer of the picture is 

Barons, By Henry Tresham, R. A. — ^This stooping down and blowing the burnt cakes 

work appeared to be, in point of merit, on with her mouth. In the back ground, to 

a par with the former, and as nobody would the right of Alfred, are a young peasant, a 

bid for it, was also passed. portrait of the artist, and a female in con- 

3. Elizabeth, Queen Dowager of Edward versation. The figure of Alfred is well 
ly, in the Sanctuary at Westminster, receiv- painted ; but there is nothing in it which 
ivg a deputation from the Council of State, would lead the spectator to suppose that he 
sent to demand her younger son, the Duke of was a remarkable man. We should, indeed, 
York, By Robert Smirke, R. A. — A very imagine that Wilkie would find it difficult to 
meritorious work : the composition good, paint a hero. The remaining figures must 
and every part is finished with care. It sold be viewed with unmixed admiration. The 
for 93 guineas, a price by no means adequate anger of the old woman is admirably ex- 
to its worth. pressed by her countenance. Nothing, too, 

4. The Deputies from the Privy Council can be better depicted than the anxiety of 
^ering the Crown to Lady Jane Grey, By the girl to save the burning cakes. Sold 
Sngleton Copley, R. A. — If this had been for 500 guineas. Bought by Messrs. Hurst, 
produced when the art was in its infancy in Robinson, and Co. Printsellers. 
England, it might have been esteemed, but 9. The death of the 'Earl of Chatham. 
it can acquire no reputation for the artist in By Singleton Copley, R. A. — ^This picture 
the present day. Passed for want of a pur- is well known, having been exhibited at the 
chaser. British Gallery. Sold for 1,000 guineas. 

6. Mary Queen of Scots, after her rfe- Purchased by the Earl of Liverpool. 
feat at the battle of LoTigside, embarking for 1 0. Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Can' 

England, to seek the protection of Elizabeth, terbury, sliowing to the Barons of England 

By Richard 'Westall, R. A. Sold for 75 the Cfmrter of Liberties which had been grant- 

guineas. ed by Henry L By Arthur Devis. — ^This is 

6. The Conspiracy of Bahington against a much better picture than the one we 

Queen Elizabeth, detected by her Minister before noticed by the same artist. Inde- 

Sir Francis fValsingham, By Arthur Devis. pendently of its pictorial merits, it is inte- 

— Elizabeth is sitting in a chair in the resting on another account ; m. the persons 

centre of the picture, and is pointing to the of the Barons are represented by the jpor- 

portraits of Bahington and his associates, traits of their existing descendants. Pur- 

Walsingham is standing by her side, and chased by Mr. Horton for 9)000 guineas, 

some female attendants at her back. The for the British Institution. It was one of 

head of Elizabeth is the worst part of the the conditions of the sale, that purchasers 

picture ; it is that of an old man ; we cer- should pay in addition the auction duty of 

tainly never saw any thing like it on female 5 per cent. The price actually paid for 

shoiUders. Walsingham's head, which is this picture, would, therefore, amount to 

cojHed from Houbraken, is well painted. S,205/. 

The artist has not bestowed sufficient pains In addition to the above-mentioned pic- 

on the other fl|pires in the picture ; the tures, several fine works by Gainsborough^ 

dresses and furniture are, however, executed Morland, and other celebrated artists, were, 

with care. Sold for 200 guineas. sold by Mr.StanIey^«nd generally at low prices. 

GsNT. Mao. JWy, 18S3. SELECT 



[ 66 ] 

SELECT POETRY. 



AUSTRALASIA. When, rudely nurtured on the mountain's broWy 

A Pom which obtained the Chancellor's Medal at gf ^f^^, ^»y by day his father's plough ; 

the Cambridge Commmcemeni 1 823. ^l*** ^ *l» ^7 **\^»^' **" "JS^'* <»f <^"e> 

° _ His life of purity, his soul of peace. 

By WiNTHROP Mackwortii Praed, Oh yes ! to-day his soul hath backward been 

of Trinity CoUege. ^ To many a tender face, and beauteous scene ; 

npHE Sun is high in Heaven : a favouring breeze The verdant valley, and the dark brown hill. 

Fills the white sail, and sweeps the rippling seas. The small fair garden, and its tinkling rill, 
And the tall vessel walks her destined way. His Grandame's tale, believed at twilight hour. 

And rocks and glitters in the curling spray. His Sister singing in her myrtle bower, 

Among the shrouds, all happiness and hope. And she, the Maid, of every hope bereft. 

The busy Seaman coils the rattling rope. So fondly lov'd, alas ! so falsely left. 

And tells his jest, aad carols out his song. The winding path, the dwelling in the grove. 

And laughs his laughter, vehement and long, The look of welcome, and the kiss of love — 
Or pauses on the deck, to dream awhile These are his dreams ;— but these are dreams of bliss ! 

Of his Babes' prattle, and their Mother's smile. Why do they blend with such a lot as his ? 
And nods the head, and waves the welcome hand, And is there nought for him but grief and gloom, 
To those who weep upon the lessening strand. a long existence, and an early tomb ? 

His is the roving step and humour dry, I* there no hope of comfort and of rest 

His the light laugh, and his the jocund eye ; To the seared conscience, and the troubled breast? 

And his the feeling, which, in guilt or grief. Oh say not so I In some far distant clime. 

Makes the sin venial, and the sorrow brief. Where lives no witness of his early crime. 

But there are hearts, that merry deck below. Benignant Penitence may haply muse 

Of darker error, and of deeper woe. On purer pleasures, and on brighter views. 

Children of wrath and wretchedness, who grieve And slumbering Virtue wake at last to claim 
Not for the Country, but the Crimes they leave ; Another Being, and a fairer Fame. 
Whq, while for them on many a sleepless bed Beautiful Land, within whose quiet shore 

ITie prayer is murmured, and the tear is shed. Lost Spirits may forget the stain they bore ; 
In exile and in misery, lock w.thin Beautiful Land, with all thy blended shades 

Their dread despair, the.r unrepented sin,^ of waste and wood, rude rocks, and level idmdes. 

And in their madness dare to gaze on Heaven, On thee, on thee I gaze, as Moslems look 
Sullen and cold, unawed and unforgiven ! To the blest Islands of their Prophet's Book, 

There the gaunt robber, stern in sin and shame, And oft I deem that, linked by magic spell. 
Shows his dull features and his iron frame ; Pardon and Peace upon thy valleys dwell,-^ 

And tenderer pilferers creep in silence by. Like two sweet Houris beckoning o'er the deep 

With quivering lip, flushed hrow, and vacant eye. The souls that tremble, and the eyes that ivtep. 
And some there are who, in their close of day. Therefore on thee undying sunbeams throw 
With dropping jaw, weak step, and temples gray. Their clearest radiance, and their wwrmett glow, 
Go tottering forth, to find, across the wave. And tranquil nights, cool gales, and gentle ahowexs, 

A short sad sojourn, and a foreign grave ; Make bloom eternal in thy sinless bowen. 

And some, who look their long and last adieu Green is thy turf; stem Winter doth not dare 
To the white cliffs that vanish from the view, To breathe his blast, and leave a min there,. 
While youth still blooms, and vigour nerves the arm, And the charmed Ocean roams thy rocks wound, 
The blood flows freely, and the pulse beats warm. With softer motion, and with sweeter aound : 
The hapless female stands in silence there. Among thy blooming flowers and blushing fruit 

So weak, so wan, and yet so sadly fair, The wnispering of young birds b never mute. 

That those who gaze, a rude untutored tribe. Add never doth the Streamlet cease to wall 
C*heck the coarse question, and the wounding gibe. Through its old channel in the hidden delL 
And look, and long to strike the fetter off, Oh ! if the Muse of Greece had ever strayed. 

And stay to pity, though they came to scoff. In solemn twilight, through thy forest shade. 

Then o'er her cheek there runs a burning blush, And swept her lyre, and waked thy meads along 
And the hot tears of shame begin to rush The liquid echo of her ancient song. 

Forth from their swelling orbs ; — she turns away, Her fiibling Fancy in that hour had firand 
And her white fingers o er her eye-lids stray, Voices of music, shapes of grace, aroand] 
Andstill the tears through those white fingers glide, Among thy trees, with meny step and dance, 
Which strive to check them, or at least to hide ! I^e Dryad then had wound her waywaid dance, 
And there the Stripling, led to Plunder's school. And the cold Naiad in thy waters fiubr 
Ere Passion slept, or Heason learned to rule. Bathed her white breast, and wrong her dripping 

Clasps his young hands, and beats his throbbing hair. 

^ ,1 ^"*°.',. , , Beautiful Land! upon so pure a plain 

And looks with marvel on his galling chain. Shall Superstition hold her luited re^ ? 

Oh ! y<m may guess from that unconscious gaze Must Bigotry build up her cheerless shrine 
His soul hath dreamed of those fiur fediug days, In such an air, on such an Earth as thine ? 

Alas! 



1S23.] Select Poetry. 67 

Alas ! Religion from thy placid Isles Circles her neck with many a mystic charm^ 

Veils the warm splendour of her heavenly smiles^ Clasp the rich bracelet on her desperate arm. 

And the wrapt gazer in the bef uteous plan Binds her black hair, and stains her eye-lid's fringe 

Sees nothing dark except the soul of Man. With the jet lustre of the Henow's tinge : 

Sweet are the links that bmd us to our kind, J^f? °" * * ^^^ '^^®'f *^?'® ^®" "J*^" ^» 

Meek, but unyielding, felt, but undefined ; J? ^'S^' transport sits her down to die. 

Sweet is the love ofBrethren, sweet the joy i^' "^^^r^^y Brothers mark the wasted cheek. 

Of a young Mother In her cradled toy, |^« straining eye-ball, and the stifled shriek. 

And sweet is Childhood's deep and earnest glow ?^^^*"f *^! P'*"®* f 'J^' deathless name. 

Of reverence for a Father's head of snow ! ^ *^«,>"* fl"*^' '^H her tortured frame. 

Sweeter than all, ere our young hopes depart, JJ®y f'f P ^^^^^ J <> « t*ie natural tomb 

The quickening throb of an impassioned heart, ^^ hcheued pme reaw up its form of gloom. 

Beating in silence, eloquently still, ^°^ J°™ accwias shed their shadow gray, 

For one loved soul that answers to its thrill. Bloomless and leafless, o er the buried clay. 

But where thy smile, Religion, hath not shone, ^^ °^^,®° *?«'«' ^**«?.» """"Y^' ?°*^'y ^"f^*' , 
The chain is riven, and the charm is gone, ^e m,dn,ght Moon flings down her ghastly light, 

And, unawakened by thy wondrous spell. With solemn murmur, and with silent tre^. 

The Feelings slumber in their sUent cell. P^« ***°/'« is ordered, and the verse is said, 

__-_;. -_ - , *», , And sights of wonder, sounds of spectral fear. 

Hushed is the voice of Labour and of Mirth, Scare the quick glance and chill the startled ear. 
The light of day is sinking from the earth, xr j. •• » i_ -l , . 

And Evening mantles m her dewy calm ^ J^* direr visions e en than these remiOn 5 

The couch of one who cannot heed its balm ». ^ °f '*^\' guiltiness, a fouler stain ! 
Lo ! where the Chieftain on his matted bed, Sv " "^ ^""^ -^ ^^.-^°* sav^e strife. 

Leans the feint form, and hangs the feverish head j ^^"i^ ^.*^f ^ glones m the waste of life ? 
There is no histre m his wandering eye, J?® *^«"^^^ "^"S^' *^« «>o^f °f g'^™ ¥*Si*V 

His forehead hath no show of majesty, J^« y«"' *^® nish, the slaughter, and the ffight. 

His gasping lip, too weak for wail or prayer, JJ« arms unwearied m the cruel toil, 

Scarce stirs the breeze, and leaves no echo there, T*"! , ^^^ vengeance and the rifled spoil. 
And his strong arm, so nobly wont to rear ;^?^'J*** °^^"' *^« J^^f^ '"^ *^^ ^°*»^„ , 

The feathered target, or the ashen spear, J^^ *«"* of death, the banqueting of blood, 

Drops powerless and cold ! the pang of death When the wild warrior gazes on hw foe 
Locks the set teeth, and chokes the struggling Convuhed beneath him m his painful throe, 

breath • ^^^ **"** *"® knife, and kneels him down to drain 

And the last glimmering of departmg day ^® P^'P'® «^'«°^ ^'««* *^f quivering vein ? 

Lingers around to herald life away. Cease, cease the tale ; and let the Ocean s roU 

Shut the dark horror from my wildered soul ! 

is there no duteous youth to sprinkle now a j v 

One drop of water on his lip and brow ? ^ ^nd are there none to succour ? none to speed 

No dark-eyed Maid to bring with soundless foot ^Z*'!"®!: ^^^^'?S ^^ » >Jolier creed ? 
The lulling potion, or the healing root ? ^'^^ ' ^""l ^}'^> "P?° *^« ^""^f^ ,^'"«> 

No tender look to meet his wandering gaze ? S*""®"*®! ^**°?' '^y ,P®?°°° ^'^^^^ ^«^ > 

No tone of fondness, heard in happier days, J?' *^»^ t, undaunted o er the ragmg brine. 

To sooth the terrors of the Spirit's flight, ?" ^ venturous Frank upheld his Saviour s sign. 

And speak of mercy and of hope to night ? Unhappy Chief while Fancy thus surveys, 

° Ine scattered islets, and the sparkling bays. 

All love, all leave him !— terrible and slow Beneath whose cloudless sky and gorgeous Sun 
Along the crowd the whispered murmurs grow. Thy life was ended, and thy voyage done, 
** The hand of Heaven is on him ! is it our's In shadowy mist tliy form appears to glide, 
" T6 check the fleeting of his numbered hours ? Haunting the grove, or floating on the tide ; 
« Oh not to us, oh not to us is given Oh ! there was grief for thee, and bitter tears, 

" To read the Book, or thwart the will, of Heaven ! And racking doubts through long and joyless years ; 
" Away, away !" and each femiliar fece And tender tongues that babbled of the theme. 

Recoils in horror from his sad embrace ; And lonely hearts that doated on the dream. 

The turf on which he lies is hallowed ground, Pale Memory deemed she saw thy cherished form 
The auDen Priest stalks gloomily around. Snatched from the foe, or rescued from the storm j 

Andshuddering friends, thatdarenot soothe orsave. And faithfol Love, unfeiling and untired, 
Hear the last groan and dig the destined grave. Clung to each hope, and sighed as each expired, 
^e frantic Widow folds upon her breast On the bleak desart, or the tombless sea. 

Her glittermg trinkets, and her gorgeous vest. No prayer was said, no Requiem sung for thee. 
" ■ Affection knows not, whether o'er thy grave 

* This sketch of the death of a New Zealander, The Ocean murmur, or the willow wave ; 
and of the Superstition which prevents the offer- But still the beacon of thy sacred name 
ing of any consolation or assistance under the idea Lights ardent souls to Virtue and to Fame, 
Utat a siek man is under the immediate influence 



of the Deity, is taken from the narrative of the f From the coast of Anstralasia the last de- 
death of Duatonra, a friendly chieftain, recorded spatohes of La Peyrouee were dated. Vid. Qiiar- 
by Mr. Nicholas, vol. H. p. 1 8 1 . terly Rev. for Feb. 1810. 

Still 



68 



Select Poetry. 



[July, 



Still Science mourns thee, and the grateful Muse 
Wreathes the green cypress for her own Peyrouse. 

But not thy death shall mar the gracious plan. 
Nor check the task thy pious toil began ; 
O'er the wide waters of the bounding main 
The Book of Life must win its way again, 
And, in the regions by thy fiite endeared. 
The Cross be mted, and the Altar reared. 

With furrowed brow and cheek serenely &ir. 
The calm wind wandering o'er his silver hair, 
Hia arm uplifted, and his moistened eye 
Fixed in deep rapture on the golden sky, — 
Upon the shore, through many a billow driven. 
He kneels at last, the Messenger of Heaven ! 
Long years, that rank the miffhty with the weak> 
Have dimmed the flush upon Lis fSided cheek. 
And many a dew, and many a noxious damp. 
The daily labour, and the nightly lamp. 
Have reft away, for ever reft, from him. 
The liquid accent, and the buoyant limb : 
Yet still within him aspirations swell 
Which time corrupts not, sorrow cannot quell. 
The changeless Zeal, which on, from land to land. 
Speeds the faint foot, and nerves the withered hand. 
And the mild Cliarity which, day by day. 
Weeps every wound, and every stain away. 
Rears the young bud on every blighted stem. 
And longs to comfort where she must condemn. 
With these, through storms, and bitterness and 

wrath, 
In peace and power he holds his onward path. 
Curbs the fierce soul, and sheathes the murderous 

steel. 
And calms the passions he hath ceased to feel. 

Yes ! he hath triumphed ! — while his lips relate 
The sacred story of his Saviour's fate. 
While to the search of that tumultuous horde 
He opens wide the Everlasting Word, 
And bids the Soul drink deep of Wisdom there, 
In fond Devotion, and in fervent prayer. 
In speechless awe the wonder-stricken throng 
Check their rude feasting and their barbarous song : 
Around his steps the gathering myriads crowd. 
The chief, the slave, the timid, and the proud ; 
Of various features, and of various dress. 
Like their own forest-leaves, confused and num- 
berless. 
Where shall your teinples, where your worship be, 
Gods of the air, and Kulers of the sea ? 
In the clad dawning of a kinder light. 
Your blind Adorer quits your gloomy rite. 
And kneels in gladness on his native plain, 
A happier votary at a holier fane. 

Beautifiil land! farewell! — ^when toil and strife. 
And all the sighs, and all the sins of life 
Shall come about me, when the light of Truth 
Shall scatter the bright mists that dazzled youth. 
And Memory muse in sadness on the past. 
And mourn for pleasures fiur too sweet to last, 
How often shall I long for some green spot. 
Where, not remembering, and remembered not. 
With no false verse to deck my lying bust. 
With no fond tear to vex my mouldering dust, 
This busy brain may find its grassy shrine. 
And sleep, untroubled, in a shade like thine ! 



EVENING THOUGHTS. 



nPHE busT hours of noon are fled. 

And nst recedes the fount of day. 
While broad yon rolling vapours spread. 
That mark the river's winding way. 

As through the verdant mead it pours 

Its fertilizing stream along. 
The lavish beauty of whose shores. 

Excites th' enraptur'd Poet's song. 

Night ! thy serene approach I hail. 

Well pleas'd to watch the gradual change. 

As now, athwart the dusky vale, [range ; 
Thy shadows stretch their length'ning 

While in the half-iUumin'd West, 
The star of eve with gentle beua, 

Marks the mild season made for rest. 
Sparkling amid the twilight gleam, 

I love the pale Moon's rising pride 

To view, when her round nee appears. 
Topping the Mountain's darksome side. 

As her slant ray the wand'rer cheers. 
To trace, as yon blue vault she scalea. 

Her splendid progress to its height. 
Till, as her dazzling gleam prevaila, 

The faint stars vanish firom mj sight : 
When transient shades her orb enshroud. 

And seem to threat approaching stonn, 
To watch her through some thin-e^d cloud. 

In the veil'd splendour of her form i 

Then see her, breaking forth once mwe. 
Like Virtue from Misfortune's gloom. 

With brighter lustre than before. 
Her wonted majesty resume. 

And hark ! how from yon moss-grown tower. 
The village clock, with solemn diimc, 

Declares the swiftly passing hour. 

And warns me to ** redeem the time :'* 

That boon divine, if us'd aright 
Sure pledge of an eternal state. 

In the glad realms of pure delieht. 
Oh ! may I prize it ere too wte! 

So shall each fleeting day and hour. 

Be still devoted, to proclaim 
The praise of God's almigh^ power. 

And celebrate his matchless fiune. 

When early morning eilds the skies. 
And scatters wide the mists of night» 

With heartfelt pleasure may I rise. 
To bless the Giver of all light; 

Who bids the Sun his beams cUtplsy, 
Scatt'ring their bright efTolgenoe roand. 

And spread the copious flood of dsy. 
O'er all the dew-bespangled grouad : 

And more beni^ly sheds on man 
Those rays of wisdom from abot e. 

Which manifest his gracious plan 
In the great work of saving love. 

So when hia mandate shall ordain. 
That Time itself shall be no mony 

Throughout his everlasting reign 
My soul his mercy shall adore. 

Biamfford, My S, Mason CiUMB«ii.iir. 

HISTO- 



lass.] 



[ 69 ] 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



HovSB OP Commons, Jime20. 
After a debate of considerable length in 
a Committee of Supply, a resolution, pro- 
posed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
was agreed to, granting the sum of 40,0002. 
towards erecting an additional building at 
^e British Museum, for the reception of the 
late King's Lihrary, A division took place 
on an amendment, suggested by Mr. Croker, 
to leave out the wor<k <* British Museum," 
hut the original motion was carried by a di- 
vbion of 54 to SO. — ^A vote Mras also agreed 
to, granting a further sum of 2000Z. to Cap- 
tain Manby, for his services in saving the 
lives of shipwrecked seamen. 

June 23. The House went into a Com- 
mittee OF Supply, in which several items 
of expenditure were granted. — On the grant 
for stationery and printing being proposed, 
Mr. Hume took occasion to revert to the 
inquiry set on foot last year at his instance ; 
«nd attempted to vindicate the integrity of 
Mr. Constantine Jennings, who supplied the 
Hon. Member for Aberdeen with information 
and stolen paper. — ^Lord Palmerston and Mr. 
JBankes spoke un&vourably of Mr. Jennings ; 
and Mr. Ricardo confessed, that in the Com- 
mittee of Inquiry his manners were inde- 
corous in the extreme. — Mr. Hume next op- 
posed the grant of 5,000/. for propagating 
the Scriptures in North America. The 
grant was, however, carried by a majority of 
49 to 28. — Mr. IVilmoi Horbm then moved 
a grant of 15,0002. to encourage emigration 
to Canada from the South of Ireland. This 
motion gave rise to a discussion of some 
length, in which Sir John Newport objected 
to the sum proposed as inadequate. — ^Mr. 
Aberawnby hinted that it might lead to un- 
reasonable and injurious expectations ; and 
Mr. D, Browne suggested that the money 
might be better laid out in the encourage- 
ment of manufiu^tures, more particularly the 
linen. — ^Mr. Ped explained, in reply, to Sir 
J. Newport's suggestion, that the present 
grant was merely an experiment i and Mr. 
Sicardo answered Mr. Browne by observing 
iqpon the folly of meddling with commerce 
by legislative enactments, and upon the in- 
jostice of taxing one part of the Empire to 
provide capital for another. The grant was 
agreed to, as were also some other srants. 

Lord Nugent moved the order of the day 
for the Committee on the English Catho- 
lic Relief Bill. He explained that he 
had made some alterations in the measure, 
the eSeet of which would be to put the 
English Catholics on the same footing vnth 
the English Protestant Dissenters. — ^Mr. 
^ Ped tote before the Bill should go into a 



Committee, to oppose it in its present fomt. 
While its object had been to place the Eug^ 
lish Catholics in the same condition as the 
Irish Catholics, it had had his support; but 
as the Noble Mover now proposed to abro- 
gate the oath of supremacy in this country, 
which is still imposed upon Catholics in 
Ireland, he must resist the measure. The 
omission of any mention of Scotland was 
also an objection. — ^Messrs. .B^Are^and fFe- 
therell opoosed the measure in principle and 
detail. — Messrs. Brougham and Camting 
suggested that it would be advantageous to 
those whose interests were involved to divide 
the Bill ; and Lord Nugent acceding, the 
Bill was divided, one part conferring th« 
elective franchise, the otner bestowiqg more 
extensive privileges. 

June 24. Mr. Goulbum moved the second 
reading of the Irish Insurrection Act. — 
Sir Henry Pamell moved, as an Amendment, 
that the state of Ireland should be referred 
to a Select Committee of twenty-one persons. 
The Hon. Baronet, in a long and temperate 
speech, detailed the causes which, in his 
judgment, operated to interrupt the peace 
and prosperity of the sister kingdom ; and 
pointed out the inefficacy of the Insurrection 
Act. Catholic Emancipation was the re- 
medy upon which he seemed disposed to 
place the most reliance. — Mr. GraUan se- 
conded the motion. — ^Mr. Goulbum acknow- 
ledged the good temper in which the Amend- 
ment had been brought forward, but resisted 
it on the double ground, that at this late 
period of the Session no inquiry could be 
effectually prosecuted, and that the subject 
was of too great magnitude for any Com- 
mittee less than the whole House ; and even 
if the Session could be prolonged, he coa- 
tended that the detaining the Irish Mem- 
bers in this country would be highly perni- 
cious. Mr. Goulbum, however, stated that 
he should, at a proper time, offer no oppo- 
sition to any motion for an inquiry into the 
affurs of Ireland, to be undertaken on an 
extensive scale. — Colonel Dames, Mr. John 
Smith, Mr. Robertson, and Mr. C. Hutckm- 
son, supported the Amendment ; which was 
opposed by Messrs. Bankes, R. Martin, D. 
Broivne, S. Rice, and Sir J. Newport. Tho 
last two gentlemen perfectly concurred in 
Sir H. Parnell*s complaints of the misgo- 
vemment of Ireland ; but agreed with Mr. 
(joulbum, that the period of the sesrion was 
too late to institute an inouiry. — ^Mr. Peel 
resisted the Amendment. He recalled the 
attention of the House to the original Mo- 
tion which was for a temporary measure, 
admitted on all sides to be indiipensably ne- 
cessary 



70 Proceedings in tfie iate Session of Parliament, [Juljr, 

cessary for the salvation of Ireland. By nual duties upon sugar, &c. were talcen at 
the Amendment this saving measure would d,000,OOOZ.; the lottery at 900,000/. There 
be lost ; but by the original Motion no bar was then a sum of 1 %6,873l. repaid by the 
would be presented against inquiry. — Mr. Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners, in 
fK Smith supported the Amendment. — Mr. conformity with the Act of Parliament, 
Denman, though alone, opposed the Insur- under which the same had been usued, to 
rection Act in principle. Oq a division, be included in the Ways and Means of this 
the numbers were for tne Amendment, 89 — year. There was also 4,800,0002. far na- 
For the original Motion, 88. — ^Majority, 49. val and military pensions, and 90,0001. 

from the East India Company iat half-pay 

JuTie 25. Mr. Hume brought forward a allowances. The next item was 459,0471 
motion for the Abolition of the Vice- being the surplus of Ways and Means, 
REOAL Office IN Ireland. The Hon. Gen- granted in former years. There wiis next, 
tleman supported his proposition by a long a surplus of 8,700,0002. on the Ccmsoiti- 
list of Catnolic grievances, and several finan- dated Fund, lu March, the estimated 
oial arguments. He concluded by moving income of the Consolidated Fund was 
for a Commission of Inquiry to examine 46,750,0002. The charge upon it, the 
into the propriety of suppressing the Vice- sum of 38,050,0002. leaving a surpltu of 
Regal Government. — Mr. Goulbum opposed 8,700,0002. The way in which the <diaige 
the motion. A resident Government (he was created, he stated to be as follows ^— 
said) was necessary for the administration of For the expense of the fonded debt* 
the prerogative of mercy alone, in a country 28,000,0002. ; for other charges thrown on 
in wnich 400 or 500 capital convictions an- the Consolidated Fund, on account of the 
Dually occurred. The mere official business Civil Last, and pensions which were not aa- 
of Ireland, too, he said, would pour an in- nually voted, 2,050,0002. ; half-pvf ainnu- 
crease upon the Home Office such as no ties,2,800,0002.; Sinking Fund, $,900,0002.; 
Minister could support. He denied the ac- total, 38,050,0002. which being deAuoted 
curacy of most of Mr. Hume's statements, from the sum he had stated as the income of 
in proof of the monopoly of office by the the fund, namely, 46,750,0002. left the rar- 
Protestants, and asked how, admitting that plus of 8,700,0002. The estimate was «p- 
such a monopoly existed, would it be reme- on the probable receipts, after dednotiar 
died by removing the seat of patronage to the amount of taxes repealed. The leeou 
England ? That the Protestants did pos- of all was, that the total amount oi Wanfa 
sess a share of office in Ireland greater than and Means for this year was 17»885,9^0C| 
would fall to them upon a numerical distri- deducting the Supplies, 16,976,7482. | a 
btttion, he admitted, but explained that it surplus remamed of 409>1772* Of Uda 
was impossible to avoid this, while the Pro- 244,1502. was to be implied to the vedos- 
testants continue the only educated classes, tion of unfunded debt, but the totdl for ~ 
— Mr.Pee2 opposed the Motion, and argued of the Ways and Means was, as he had 
against the impolicy of withdrawing a resi- stated, 409,1772. The Right Hon. C 
dent Government from Ireland at the very tleman then noticed the state of the Rete- 
moment in which the disorders in that king- nue at the present moment. The CvstoaHi 
dom demanded the most constant and vigilant up to the 28th of June, had predneed 
superintendence. — Mr, Camdng remonatnt' 4,026,6612.; to this was to be added for 
ed against a proposition, which would go to bills and cash in hand, 79,191 L Witk f»- 
add new causes of irritation to those nnhap- spect to the Excise, he was- happnr to asy, 
pily existing, and still forther impoverish a tnat appearances were not leas sanrauitory, 
country already groaning under distress, the receipts exceeded the total of tlioseriep' 
and which he sdid was more likely than any ceived in the whole year in 1888. lh» n- 
other measure to separate the last link be- ceipts for the present year, ii^ to the let of 
tween the Islands. The motion was nega- July, were 10,571,0812.; the iiHiinited 
tived without a division. payments to be received hetweea lihe lat'end 

♦ 5th July, he would take at 668^0001. ; meb- 

HousE of Commons, July 2. ing a total of 1 1,229,0812. i leaving a defi- 

The CkanceWn- of the Exchequer brought ciency of 896,0662. But 1^ Hovae wotdd 
under the consideration of the House the recollect that, since Jaanary kity a'eansr- 
BuDOBT. Tlie Right Hon. Gentleman ob- derable reduction of taxation had tdsBB 
served, that at the early part of the Sea- place, which more than aecovnted for tlie 
aion he had explained fully his views, and foiling off. Yet there woe but a defiwenoy 
he had since been enabled to carry them of revenue on the whole to the emonBt m 
into execution. It would be satisfoctory 896,0552. shewing an actnal inoreaJi v^mmi 
for the House to know, that there was a the other items o?155,820L latbe Stenp 
more than corresponding excess in the Ways Duties he anticipated no deficiency. In Am 
and Means. The total amount of Supplies Poet Office there might be a sli^t folBog 
for army, navy, ordnance, and miscellaneous off, but nothing of conaaqaence.' In t&e 
services, was 16,976,7482. These were to Assessed Taxes, there wis the proapec^of 
be met by the following items :— The an- a satisfactory result at iBt end at ihm jutt. 

Miutters 




IS^] 



Proceedings in the late Session of ParRament. 



71 



Minitten were eDabled, by the habUs 
they had adopted, to realize a clear aurpUis 
revenue over expenditure. The Revenue 
was Improving, notwithstanding so large a 
reduction of tsxation had taken place ; and 
at the same time they were effecting a gra- 
dual and progressive reduction of the debt, 
which baa bsen reduced within the last six 
months to 794,180,812/. from 796,580,1442. 
whkb was its amount in January last. With 
xMpect to the unfunded debt on the 5th of 
January, 1828, it amounted to 86,281, 150Z.; 
on the 80th of June, to 35,498,450/. giving 
a decrease of 782,700Z. Adding this to the 
sum reduced on the funded debt, it would 
be seen that there was a clear diminution of 
debt eJB^ted In the last half year, amount- 
ing to no less than 3,000,000/. The Right 
- Hon. Gentleman then stated the amount of 
taxes taken off as follows : — husbandry 
horses, 480,000/. ; malt, 1,400.000/.; salt, 
1,295,000/.; hides, 300,000/.; assessed 
taxes, 2,300,000/. ; ditto Ireland, about 
100,000/.; tonnage duty, 160,000/.; win- 
dows, Ireland, 180,000/.; spirits, Ireland, 
380,000/. ; ditto, Scotland, 340,000/. giv- 
ing a total of 6,935,000/. — ^The several 
kemS to which he had referred, being add- 
ed together, it would seem that the coun- 
try had been virtually relieved from taxation 
in the last two years, to the amount of se- 
ren millions and a half. He then alluded 
to the state of Ireland, which no man could 
look at without feeling great affliction at 
those causes which operated to produce her 
misfortunes. — ^With respect to those taxes 
which still remained, he knew Hon. Gen- 
tlemen wished many of them to be removed. 
Many of them pressed severely on the con- 
sumers, and the repeal of some was thought 
highly desirable, as connected with the ne- 
cessity of preventing smuggling. 

Mr. Malerly congratulated the House 
on the cleair and luminous statement they 
had heaird. He thought the Right Hon. 
Gentleman had rather understated than 
exaggerated the resources of the country. — 
Mr. Hume also said that he had heard the 
statements of the Right Hon. Gentleman 
with great satis&ction, but that they did 
not come entirely to what he wished. He 
hoped the Hon. Gentleman would go on in 
the course he had begun, and take off three 
or four millions more of taxes next year. 

House of Lords, July 7. 

The Irish Insurrection Act was com- 
mitted, by a majority of 36 to 5. The five 
dissentient Peers were the Duke of Lein- 
ster, Earls Fitzwilliam and Darnley, Lord 
Holland, and Lord EUenboroueh, each of 
whom spoke shortly against the measure. 
Lord Ctuthorpe, in defending the proposed 
Act, attributed all the calamities of Ireland 
to the dark bigotry of the Roman Catholie 
Rieligton in that kingdom. 



July 8. The Irish Tithe Bill was 
rtad a second time. Lord Liverpool moved 
the second reading, in a speech of some 
length, in which he argued that tithes 
formed the most suiuble and least inconve- 
nient provision for the National Church; 
but confessed, that from the unnatural dis- 
tribution of property in Ireland, which de- 
ranged the common relations of sociel^, 
their collection in that kingdom might be 
productive of embarrassment. — ^The Mar- 
quis of Lansdoume objected to some of the 
provisions of the new Bill : he more parti- 
cularly complained of the re-imposition of 
the tithe of agistment. — ^The Eurl of Gir- 
narvon thought the measure quite inade- 
quate to its professed purpose. — ^The Earl 
of Harrowby and the Lord Chancellor de- 
fended the Bill. The latter declared that 
all his objections to it had been removed 
by the omission of the compulsory clause ; 
and took occasion to contradict the com- 
mon assertion that '* tithes are a tax." 
They are no more a tax, he said, than rent ; 
the Clergyman or Impropriator having as 
clear a property in the tenth of the produce 
as the tenant had in the other nine parts. 

July 9. The Marquis of Lansdoume 
moved the second reading of the English 
Catholics* Relief Bill. — Lord RedesdaU 
opposed the measure. He deplored, as a 
great calamity, the extension of the elec- 
tive franchise to the Irish Catholics in 
1793, and warned the House against imi- 
tating so dangerous and mischievous an er- 
ror. — ^The Earl of ffestmoreland supported 
the Bill. — ^The Bishop of Norwich defended 
the proposed Bill ; exulted in the enligh- 
tened character of the age, and compared 
the opposition of the present day to Catho- 
lic Emancipation Id the resistance offered by 
the Pagan Priesthood to the introduction of 
Christianity. — The Bishop of St, David's 
opposed the B'dl, as extending power and 
privileges to persons who paid to tSie Bri- 
tish Crown an imperfect and divided alle- 
fiance. — ^The Lord ChanceUor declared that 
e would oppose the Bill upon principle at 
any time ; but in the present case he also 
objected to it, on account of the late pe- 
riod of the Session at which it was intro- 
duced. His Lordship said, that he would 
take that opportunity of correcting a great 
error which prevailed to some extent) 
namely, that the Clergy alone objected to 
conferring power upon Catholics ; he knew 
the contrary to be the fact, and that a jea- 
lousy of the Roman Catholic Religion was 
now as strong, and as generally difirused, as 
ever it had been at any period of our his- 
tory. — Lord Harrowby defended the Bill. 
He observed, that the mistake of the Irish 
Legislature, in 1793, consisted in not fix- 
ing a higher rate of qualification than 405. 
The English Catholics, he muntained^ were 
as loyal^ a&d as woith j of confidence^ as any 

class 



7« 



Proceedings in Parliament. — Foreign Newt. 



[July, 



class of the King's subjects. — ^The Earl of 
Liverpool declared himself friendly to the 
placing the English Catholics upon the 
game footing as the Irish. He concurred 
with Lord Harrowby in thinking that a 
great mistake had been committed by the 
Irbh Legislature in not raising the free- 
holder's qualifications. — The House di- 
vided, when the numbers were — Contents^ 
78 ; Non-contents, 80. 

July 14. The Irish Tithes Composi- 
tion Bill was committed ; and the Bill 
ordered for a third reading the following 
day. 

The Irish Church Rates Bill was 
read the third time, and passed without a 
division. 

Prorogation of Parliament, July 19. 

This day Parliament was prorogued by 
Commission. The following Speech was 
delivered by the Commissioners : 

** My LordSf and Gentlemen^ 

*'We are commanded by his Majesty, 
in releasing you from your attendance in 
Parliament, to express to you his Majesty's 
acknowledgments for the zeal and assiduity 
wherewith you have applied yourselves to 
the several objects which his Majesty re- 
commended to your attention, at the open- 
ing of the Session. His Majesty entertains 
a confident expectation that the provisions 
of internal regulation, which you have 
adopted with respect to Ireland, will, when 
carried into effect, tend to remove some of 
the evils which have so long afflicted that 
part of the United Kingdom. We are com- 



manded to assure you, that yott may depend 
upon the firm, but temperate exerciie, of 
those powers which you have entrusted to 
his Majesty, for the suppression of violence 
and outrage in that country, and for the 
protection of the lives and properties of his 
Majesty's loyal subjects. It la whh the 
greatest satisfaction that his Majesty is 
enabled to contemplate the fleurishiiig ooa- 
dition of all branches of our commerce and 
manuBsM^tures, and the greatest abatement 
of those difficulties which the Agrienltiiml 
Interest has so long and so severely suffinred. 

" Gentlemen of the House qf Commom, 

** We have it in command from his IVIsr 
jesty to thank you for the supplies whidi 
you have granted for the service of the jear» 
and to assure you that he has received the 
sincerest pleasure from the relief which you 
have been enabled to afford his peopk^ by a 
large reduction of Taxes. 

** My Lords, and Gentlemen^ 

'* His Majesty has commanded us to in- 
form you that he continues to receive firom 
all Foreign Powers the strongest sssuiuices 
of their friendly disposition towards tbb 
Country. Deeply as his Majesty still re- 
grets the failure of his earnest endeavours 
to prevent the interruption of the peace of 
Europe, it affords him the greatest oonso- 
lation that the principles upon which he 
has acted, and the policy which he has de- 
termined to pursue, have been marked with 
your warm and cordial concurrence, as c<m- 
sonant with the interests, and satis&ctoiy 
to the feelings, of his people." 

Parliament was then prorogued. to Thms- 
day the 30th of September. 



^FOREIGN NEWS. 



SPAIN. 

In our Supplementary Number, we have 
noticed the arrival of the King and Cortes 
at Cadiz. From subsequent intelligence, it 
appears that the greatest excesses were 
committed at Seville after the departure of 
the King. Among the property destroyed 
and plundered by the mob, were the archives 
of the Cortes, and the luggage belonging 
to the Queen. It is stated, that a multi- 
tude of vagabonds, including a large pro- 
portion of Gipsies and Monks, began to 
plunder the boats on the river. This rabble 
increased in the evening, and many indivi- 
duals were insulted and robbed, and some 
killed. During the night, the tumult aug- 
mented, and various houses were pillaged; 
in the mean time the Giralda was magnifi- 
cently illuminated. On the morning of the 
1 3th, the robberies and assassinations were 
renewed, and continued until a party of the 
Queen's Regiment and the Artillery, which 
had been left for a garrison, marched to 
Triana^ and dispersed the mob with some 



fusilades; six of them were kiDed. The 
plunderers were led on with cries of '^ Vive 
Fernando," "Viva la Religion," "Vnm k 
Inquisition." — A letter firom Seville^ after 
noticing an affair between the troops of 
Lopez Bancs and the fietctious on the I6th» 
states that a number of boxes of powder 
had been deposited in the house fiinnerly 
occupied by the Inquisition, under the care 
of an officer and a party of soldiers. It was 
reported among the mob, that the casks 
were filled with money, and th^ ftnroed 
their way in. A spark, it is stated, firom a 
cigar, caused the explosion of the powder. 
A great number of the mob were buried in 
the ruins. About 80 were dug out on the 
16th, and among the dead were several 
Friars. 

The Cortes assembled at Cadiz on the 
1 8th. One hundred and ten Members were 
present, and that number beisig sufficient to 
deliberate, the sitting was opened. Tbe 
Cortes commenced by declaring that the 
Regency, which bad been temporarily ap- 
pointed 



[ 75 ] 




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^^.^^ '- 









r 



J (riauulw (huad 

(bin, aod > finr uMr 

bi tlw (wn, iIm]' 

Jm liijlit of iitliCT tni- 

K uf B aHV-liiMd of iroB 
«r inuugtit irue, in farai 
, (he lid uf B tw-Iwulc, bM 
t It lu* srigJBilij U*a Sn- 
luuvg. Vut ijiMstilus uf 
mm at iiEtnal IJiBM boa 
am Bad 1b (tic ntigUxMr- 
c ftf vullwd 



han bKS b [iW* i/ ti 
atiicti tlic ui.x» (emu Ih UB|'h'. Aa 

je [(wst faA, runi llsqa^ a plaMn- 

^1 UwT tnwdh liwodMr ni lalUrtiw 
■raHiBilt, vjjnr (ui ci^ 4iiaB« ii Bf>- 



Wuri>'«9d 



"W*«L 



74 



Foreign News. 



[July, 



the peopU. On the 1 8th, her Majesty 
came to the Pdace of Bemposta, to visit 
the King and her sons. The people took 
the horses firom her carriage, and drew it to 
Bemposta. «The S3d was a day of real 
triumph," says a Lisbon Journal, '* on 
which their Majesties and Royal Highnesses 
went in solemn procession to the Church of 
Santa Maria Maior, to return thanks to the 
King of kings and Queen of Heaven, for the 
iuefrable fiivours bestowed on the Sovereign 
and Portuguese nation, by delivering us from 
the most impious and execrable Government, 
whose sole object was to destroy to the very 
foundation the magnificent eciUficc of the 
Luftitanian empire. (Here follow long de- 
tails of the solemnity, the triumphal arches, 
the military parade, illuminations, &c.) If 
the 9Sd was remarkable for its solemnity, 
the 84th was rendered equally memorable 
by the arrival of the unconquered Count 
Amarante, with his brave dlvisum of above 
3000 men." 

The Gazette contains a long Decree sup- 
pressing all Secret Societies, whatever may 
be their institutions or denominations, which 
shall never be again restored. The ground 
assiened is, that ** the Freemasons, as well 
as the Carbonari, Communeros, and others 
of the same nature, have notori(msly caused 
great injury to all notions ; that they have 
multiplied extremely, and formed a conspi- 
racy to destn>y the Altar and the llirone ; 
that the most enlightened Governments of 
Europe have become sensible of the neces- 
sity of averting the danger ; and it Is espe- 
ciidly notorious that their influence produced 
the revolution in Portugal." 

RUSSIA. 

The Russian trade with China dally in- 
creases in extent and imjiortance. The bu- 
siness done with that empire in the month 
of January, was to the value of nearly two 
millions of roubles ; almost tlie whole was 
taken by Russia in tea and nankin. The 
Russian Government does every thing in 
its power to extend its commerce with all 
parts of India. 

GREECE AND TURKEY. 

The accounts received from Greece agrtfe. 
that the affairs of tbe Turks have taken an 
imiavourable turn. The inhabitants of Hy- 
dra and the other islands appear to have 
done every thing during the time they have 
been fr^e from the Turkish fleet to form an 
amicable connection with their brethren in 
the Eastern part of Thessaly ; and the re- 
sult is, that the tnbes, encouraged by the 
agents of Hydra, have all risen against the 
Pwte. This circumstance is highly fiivour- 
able to the Greeks, especially at the open- 
ing of the campaign; as those insurgents 
who have received arms from Hydra are di- 
vided into corps, more or lest numerous, 
and are in the rear of the TurVish corps in 
Thfftsaly, which is thus obliged to divide 



its force, in order to keep open eommimictt- 
tlons with Macedonia. Several acUona 
have taken place between the Turks and- 
the Insurgents in Thessaly, not to the die- 
advantage of the latter. I'hose movementa 
have obliged Mahomet Pacha, the Ttnrkiik 
Commander-in-Chief, to withdhraw hit tvoopa 
from Zeitoung and Patradigh, and evacuate 
the South of Thessaly. The Ghreekt boped 
that by continuing these operations» tiMy 
should oblige them to abandon the wkole 
province. Dearoanti has also made a mov^ 
ment from Cassandra towards Seres and Smr 
loiflcbi, and threatens both places, of which 
It would not be difficult to make himself 
master, If he only received some reinforce- 
ments. The accounts from Constantinople 
of tbe 13th of June say, that the Gmrem- 
ment hesitates in the adoption of energetic 
measures to put down the insurgents. At 
one time. It api>ears disposed to employ 
against them the troops staticmed on the 
Danube, and then again to be withheld by 
a strange apprehension lest Russia should 
take advantage of their being withdrawn to 
attack tlie Turklsli territory. These repeat- 
ed orders and counter-orders are very pveju- 
dlclal to the cause of the Porte. 
AMERICA. 
On the Sd of May, his Imperial Majesty 
the Emperor of the Brazils delivend a 
Speech to the Cortes, wherein that infiuit 
community Is described to be in a state of 
rapid improvement. The revenue. It w^ 
pears, has increased nearly one-third sinoe 
the declaration of the independence of tliat 
valuable and extensive division of Sooth 
America. The Navy already consiita of 
one line of battle ship, three frigates, iMi 
various corvettes, brigs, 8(0. and the Ad- 
dress promises an Immediate adctition of five 
other frigates, which the Government had 
directed to be purchased. Agrieultora and 
commerce are also represented to have add- 
ed largely to the comforts and happineas of 
the people; and all the advaataeee whieh 
universally attend liberal inttitutumay team 
at present to be enjoyed by that rliiDg em- 
pire. 

The Peruvians and their cause an in a 
bad plight : their forces were totallydefoat- 
ed in January last by the Spanish noyaliat 
troops under Cantara and Valdes. 

Neto Yorky June 4. — A novel light was 
presented yesterday in Maiden-laat^ by the 
removal of a three-story brick house a oon- 
siderable distance back from the itnety ea- 
tire, and without the slightest injury. Thb 
ponderous mass of brick was slowjy moved 
up an inclined plane by the force of iron 
screws. So smooth and gndnal waa the 
motion, that not the sli^tett injury waa 
visible ; and the adequacnr of the force to 
the object, is proved by the foot that a con- 
siderable number of peo|^e were in the 
house, walking about the chambera in the 
third story during the removal. 

DOMESTIC 



1833.] 



[ T5 ] 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



IRELAND. 

The Scmth of Ireland has lately hecome 
the scene of conflicts both serious and for- 
midable. Twenty convictions under the 
Insprrection Act have already taken place 
at the Special Session of Rathkeale and 
Tmlee, and the culprits have been imme- 
distely carted off for embarkation. 

A Cork paper states, that on Wednesday 
morning (3d mst.) one of those daring vio- 
lations of the law, so peculiar to the lower 
orders of this distracted couutry, attended 
.with the loss of several lives, occurred at 
.Castlehaven, in the West of the county. 
The Rector of the parish, finding it impos- 
sible to obtain his tithes, submitted his 
case to the Bench of Magistrates, from 
whom he received a warrant of distress, 
which was entrusted to his Proctor, who, 
with five other men, were appointed to exe- 
cute it on the parties ; and a party of the 
Police, consisting of Lieut. Hawkshaw, 
four mounted and seven dismounted, were 
ordered to assist. Having proceeded to the 
- ground, they seized some cattle, which the 
country people, who assembled in great 
numbers, resisted, with showers of stones. 
The police and constables were obliged, in 
^eir own defence, to keep up a constant 
fire, which was returned with vollies of 
stones, kept up with such determination, 
that the police and constables were obliged 
„to retreat, leaving one of the police, and 
the proctor, killed, and several of the party 
wounded. The country people had two 
shot dead, and ten or twelve wounded ; five 
are reported to be dangerously so. In the 
retreat, Lieut. Hawkshaw lost his cap, 
which was knocked off by a stone. On the 
.account reaching Sklbbereen, Capt. Bald- 
win, a Magistrate, with a party of the 
'Rifle Brigade, and some of the police, has- 
tened to the place. The ferocity of the 
country people was such, that they wedged 
a stone into the dead policeman's mouth, 
wliich they forced in with another! In 
some places the disinclination to pay tithes 
is such, that the lower orders have bound 
themselves by oath to resist. 

The Commissioners of King's-town har- 
bour have been most indefatigable in for- 
warding the completion of the Pillar in ho- 
nour of his Majesty, and adding to its gran- 
deur, utility, and effect. They have suc- 
ceeded in erecting the great granite pillar 
in commemoration of our gracious Sove- 
reign's departure firom Dublin, which rises 
over the harbour, and measures in one so- 
lid stone sixteen feet. The column, it is 
intended, should be forty feet high. It is 
placed on the remaining part of a ridge of 
rocks which extended from the shore into 



the interior, which are now used in making 
the great pier. It has an admirable effect, 
as the spot on which it stands u all that 
now remains of the great ridge. The base 
rests in the bosom of this old fragment, and 
immediately under the pillar are four great 
granite orbs. The appearance of the wnole 
is very striking. 

In the Court of Common Pleas, Dublin, 
in an action, Cuthbert v. Brown, for deceit 
in recommending a wife I a verdict was re- 
turned for the plaintiff — damages 800^ It 
was proved in evidence, that the wife im- 

J>osed upon the plaintiff was the sister-in- 
aw of the defendant, by whom she was 
pregnant at the time of the marriage. 

INTELUGENCE FROM VARIOUS 

PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. 

^^Kilham, June 24, 1828.--This day a 
party of young men, having previously 
heard that numerous interesting discoveries 
had been made in a sand-pit near Kilham, 
determined to visit the place in search of 
Antiquities. They soon met with a consi- 
derabJe quantity of human bones mixed iqp 
in a confused state. An entire skeleton 
laid in regular order, at about three feet 
below the surfiice, with the head to the 
North-west, was next presented, and with 
it were beads of amber, and of blue and 
spotted glass ; a large brass pin ; brass 
clasps; iron ring; small triangular shaped 
brass ornaments, very thin, and a few otner 
relics. On returning to the town, they 
were gratified with the sight of other arti- 
cles, found near the same place a short 
time ago, consisting of a spear-head of iron 
and another piece of wrought iron, in form 
nearly resembling the lid of a tea-kettle, but 
for what purpose it has originally been in- 
tended is not known. Vast quantities of 
human bones have at different times been 
dug up at Kilham and in the neighbour- 
hood. In the af^moon, the party walked 
to an artificial mount. West of Kilham, by 
the side of the high-road from thence to 
York, called « Gallows-HIll," and in ap- 
pearance much resembling a tumulus ; it is 
said to have been a place of execution, a 
thing which the name seems to imply. An 
antient Roman road crossed near the spot 
by the present road, runs through a planta- 
tion close by, in a direction towards Laog- 
tofb ; they traced it the other way to Ruston 
Parva Herds, where for some distance it ap- 
pears to form the division of the Lordships. 
The Roman roads and dikes in the neigh- 
bourhood seem to be much more numerous 
than have generally been supposed. Be- 
sides the one above mentioned, another runs 

on 



76 Domestic Occurrences, [July^ 

on the North side of Kilhani) which is the water, the principal part of his body 

supposed to have had a connection with on« being above the surmce ; and with a small 

on the high side of Lantoft, between that paddle directs his course according to his will, 

place and Weaverthorpe ; the present road June 7' The foundation stone of the 

iirom Bridlington to York is there called new Church at Redear, was laid l^ the 
* High-street: At Argam, the remains of Hon. Lady Turner. TTie procession — 



dikes may be distinctly seen : these are con- grand beyond any thing ever seen at Redctf. 

nected in Reighton field with others which The brethren of Free-Masons, from the 

run between Hunmanby and North Burton, Lodge at Stockton, attended upon the ocea- 

towards Cansdale." sion, dressed in their robes, and were ae- 

The complete carcase of a horse, in a compauied by most of the nobility and gtn- 

standing posture, was lately found in Eagles- try in Cleveland. 

fold peal-mosSf wher« it must have been ^ 

some centuries. The animal was unshod, LONDON AND ITS VICINnY. 
and, by the teeth, about four years old. 

At Oxfbrd Assizes, Mr. Justice Park, in The Quarter's Revenue, — The produce of 

his address to the Grand Jury, adverted to the quarter just ended forms a striking con- 

the punishment of the tread-mill, declaring trast with the produce of the correipoading 

his entire conviction that it had extensively quarter last year. The income of toe quar- 

diinmished crime, and expressed regret that ter ended on the 5th of July, I899» 



it had not been adopted in the county of 13,471,000^ — of the quarter ended on the 
Oxford. «I think, observed his Liord- 5th of July, 1823, 11,955,1002. — being a 
ship, "that the objections made to this deficiency of only 516,000Z. thoiu^ the 
mode of punishment, are unfounded ; it quarter's produce of the taxes taioen off 
does not prove injurious to the health of was 1,750,000/. — ^The charge on the Con- 
the prisoner, and I think that offenders solidated Fund, which consists chiefly of 
should not be living in prison in greater payments of the dividends, and the National 
luxury than those tney have injured; but Debt, amounted in the quarter ended 6fih 
that they ought to be employed every mo- July, 1823, to 1 3,456,9 19/*9 and the in- 
ment during the period ox confinement for come being only 13,471,451/. there was of 
their crimes, although every article should course a deficiency of above 985,000/. The 
be afforded them which is necessary for charge in the quarter ended the 5th of July 
food and cleanliness." Alluding to an im- 1823, was 10,335,000/. and the income 
portant Act lately passed, respecting capital 11,955,000/. leaving a surplus of income 
sentences, his Lordship said, << There is beyond the chaige of 1,630,000/. — ^By the 
one Act which has made a most material account of the Excise Duties collected last 
alteration in my situation, and that of my quarter, it appears there \aa been an hi- 
brothcr Judges, which I think will be at- crease on beer, as compared with the cor- 
tended with very beneficial consequences, responding quarter of last year, of 63,954/. ; 
viz. giving the Judges the power not to in tobacco and snuff of 167,255/.; in glasa 
pass sentence of death where they do not of 41,344/. ; and in wirie of 34,000/.; wlule 
mean to order execution to be done on the in spirituous liquors there is a decrease. 
criminal ; but they are empowered to enter We understand that an issue of I^oubU 
the sentence on the record, which will give Sovereigns is about to take place from the 
them the opportunity of considering the Mint, bearing the head of his Ma|esty» co- 
subject more maturely, and will give a dou- pied from the well-known adminble biiit» 
ble impression, if it is afterwards found ne- by Chantrey. 

cessary to enforce the sentence." The Persian Minister to this ooimtrjf 
An ingenious mechanic of Bath, named M. M. Saulit, being about to return home* 
Crawley, is now exhibiting in the river there, has issued an officiiJ notification from the 
and at the public baths, a Safe^ Jacket or Prince Royal of Persia, inviting all Mtith 
Life Preserver, which is made ox two sheets subjects who may be disposed to emigiate» 
of common canvas so waxed as to be water- to take up their residence in his kingdom : 
proof, and sown together in the shape of a he states, that he will, immediately on their 
French cuirass, and fastened over the shoul- arrival, assign them portions of landy with 
ders, under the thighs, and at the sides, by residences attached, and every requisite fr>r 
straps, and inflated by means of a common their comfort and subsistence. Ine soil ia 
beer-cock, which is carefully fixed in front, very productive; the emigrants will be ex- 
near the chin, so as to reach the mouth empted from taxes, and the settlers will be 
with the greatest fiicility, and which can be allowed to enjoy their own religious opi- 
rendered more or less buoyant by further in- nions. The climate is very healtny. 
flation from the breath, or by suffering the July 8. This day's Gazette contains a 
air to escape by turning the cock, which Proclamation by the Lords of the Admi- 
opens the valve. What renders this inven- ralty, abolishing, from the 1st of January 
tion the more valuable is, its extreme porta- next, the use of his Majesty's Union Jacs 
bllity, it being easily carried in the pocket in merchant ships for any purpose whatso- 
when folded up. The exhibitor floats in ever, and ordering that the signal Jack to 

be 



1893.] Domestic Occurrences.'^Theatrkal RegUter.'^Coronation, 77 



be worn by merobant Bhipty ahould bare an 
entire white bonrder, itich border being one- 
fifUi of the breadth of the Jack itself, ex- 
dosive of such border, and that such Jack 
ae altered should also be in future used on 
board merehaat vessels as a signal for a pi- 
loty instead of the Union Jade at present 
iiseid fat that mnrpose. 

The -Aet rwative to the interment of per- 
sons iamadfilo de se, having received the 
Ro]Fil Aseenty no more persons coromit- 
iiiig foicide are to be buried in cross roads. 

An Aet for improvement of our Law 
MerckmU hat lately passed. Its provisions 
areas follow >—<r 

1. Thai peiBons in whose names goods 
shall be shipped shall be deemed to be the 
trot owners, so as to entitle consignees to 
a lien thereon, in respect of their advances, 
or of money received by the shippers to the 
vse of the consignees, provided the con- 
signees have no notice that the consignors 
are not the actual proprietors of such ^;o- 
peity. S. That no persoi^^r!^ acquire 
iqiOtt any such goods in the hands of an 
agent b^ond the amount of the agent's 
lien. 8. That consignees may contract, in 
lelation to goods shipped on the joint ac- 
count of the consignors and consignees. 
4. That persons may contract with Imown 
agents in the ordinary course of business, 



or out of that course if within the agent's 
authority. — It will be observed that these 
enactments bear reference chiefly to Foreign 
trade, which is necessarily carried on by 
shipments. There might be more delicacy 
In ^plying the same principle in its fail 
extent to our Home trade. Besides, in 
many branches of the latter, the custom of 
the trade affords sufficient notice to the 
dealer that the person in possession of the 
goods is a mere factor or agent, and it is to 
be remembered that the evil justly com- 
plained of exists only in cases of « osten- 
sible ownership." 

Mr. Canning's reply to a late communi- 
cation from the Madrid. Regency was, thai 
having a Minister resident near the person 
of his Catholic Majesty, it could, not be ra- 
ceived : the letter nrom the Regency to the 
King, was also returned unopened. 

THEATRICAL REGISTmi. 

Haymarxbt Theatre. 

Jvly 7. An operatic Comedy, entitled 
Sweethearts and Wiveif from tne pen of 
Mr. Kenny. It is a very livelyplece, and 
produced considerable mirth. The plot is 
very simple, and was admirably sustained by 
the leading characters. It was announced 
for repetition with much appkmse. 



CORONATION OF HIS MAJESTY GEORGE IV. 

An Aeeonmt iifthe Money expended at His Mqjesty's Coronation, stating the Anumntf under 
the several heads, eocpended, and Jrom what sources the Money was sufptied, 

£. s. d. 

Lord Steward, expenses attending the banquet - - . S5,184 8 
Lord Chamberlain, for the furniture and decorations of Westminster Ab- 
bey, and Westminster Hall ; for providing the Regalia ; for dresses, -&c 

of the persons attending and performing various duties - - 111,17S 910 

Master of the Horse, for the charger for the Champion - - 118186 

Master of the Robes, for his Majesty's robes, &c. - - 94,704 8 10 
Surveyor-General of Works, for fitting up Westminster Abbey and West- 
minster Hall, platforms, &c. - - - - - 

W. D. Fellowes, esq. Secretary to his Majesty's Great Chamberlain, for 

expences incurred ' - - - - - - 2,500 

Hire of the Theatres ------ 3,504 15 

Master of the Mmt, for medals ----- 4,770 5 

Sir Geo. Nayler, for expenses in the Earl Marshal's department — 9,500 

Sit Geo. Nayler, towards the publication of the Account of the Ceremony 3,000 

Deputy Earl Marshal, usual fee - - - - - 800 

Sir R. Baker, expense of Police - - - - - 98118 

Sir T. Tyrwhlt, for messengers and doorkeepers, House of Lords - 1 73 9 

Messrs. Rundell and Bridge, for snuff-boxes for Foreign Ministers - 8,905 1 5 

Earl of Klnnoul, on acooimt of pursuivants and heral£ in Scotland S54 7 



60,307 9 1 






4 




lb 

6 


7 



338,938 9 



Note. — A few claims are still unsettled, the amount probably not exceeding 1 ,000 

Paid out of the sum voted by Parliament, in the Session 1 890 - .100,000 

Paid out of money received nrom France on account of pecuniary indemnity, 
underTiwtyy anno 1815 ----- 188,938 9 

938^938 9 

PRO- 



C 78 1 



[July, 



PROMOTIONS AND PREFERMENTS. 



Oazbttb Promotions, &c. 

To the Rank of Rear Admirals of the Blue. 
^HoA. Sir C. Paget, knt. Robert Williams, 
and Rich. Worsley, esqrs. 

7b the Rank of Po*f- CVipteiw.— Septimus 
Aiabin, Edw. Curzon, C. Phillips, and J. 
Walter Roberts. 

Naocd Aj^fomifnents. — Commodore Sir £. 
W.C. R.Owen, K.C.B. to the command of 
H. M.'s Squadron in the West Indies, vice 
^h C. Rowley, K.C.B.; Rear-Admiral Sir 
Chaiies Paget, knt. on special service. 

fTaf Office, July 4.-— Ist Reg. of Life 
Ghuutds : Capt. H. Earl to be Mdor. — 7th 
Foot : Brevet Ldeut.-Col. A. C. Wylly, to 
be Major. — S9d Ditto: Capt. J. Fleming to 
be Major. — 67th Ditto: Captain John 
Algeo to be Major. — 78th Ditto: Bre- 
vet Major C. G. Falconer to be Major. — 
Royal Staff Corps: Colonel C. M. Lord 
Greenock to be Iieutenant.-Col. — To be 
Lieut.-Col. of Infiutnr : Brevet Lieut.-Col. 
iHon. L. Stanhope : Major G. Hewett : Ma- 
jor C. Wjndham. — Brevet : To be Majors 
in the Army : Capt. Stopford Cane, of the 
65th Foot. — Capt. J. Grant, of the Royal 
Artillery.— Staff : Col. W. Marlay to be 
Perm. Ass. Quartermaster-Gen. — Royal Reg. 
of Artillery : Major and Brevet Lieut.-Col. 
W. R. Cary to be Lieut.-Col. : Capt. and 
Brevet-Major C. Younehusband tobeMajor : 
Maj. W. Payne to be Lieut.-Col.: Mai. G. 
Forsttr to be Lieut.-Col. : Sir A. Dick- 
son, K. C. B. to be Major. 

Jzdy 5« Thb Gazette contains the King's 
permbsion to the 68th Foot to bear the ap- 
pointments of *' Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyre- 
nees, Nivelle, and Orthes," in commemora- 
tion of those battles. 

fFar Office, July 11.— 47th Foot, Capt. 
P. W. ^msay to be Major. — 2d Ceylon 
Reg. Capt. H. Viscount Barnard, to be Ma- 
jor .•<— Cape-Corps (In&ntnr], Brevet Lieut.- 
Col. C. O'Mallay, to be Maior. 

Unattached.— J. Arbuthnot to be Major 
of Infiiotry. 

Staff. — Col. W. Marlay, Perm. Assist. 
Quarterm.-Gen. to be Deputy- Quarterm.- 
Gen. to the King's Troops, serving in the 
Bast Indies.— Brevet Lieut.-Col. H. J. Rid- 
dell to be Perm. Assist.-Quarterm.-Gen. and 
Liieut.-Col. — ^Brevet Lieut.-Col. W. Ware« 
Perm.-Assist.-Quarterm.-Gen. and Major.— 
Major H. G. Broke, to be Perm. Assist.- 
Quarterm.-Gen. and Major. — Staff-Surgeon 
J. Clarke^ M. D. to be Physician to the 
Forces. 

Office qf Oripance, July 1 1 .—Royal Ree. 
ArtUlexy : Capt. and Brevet LiettU-Col. R. 
Bull, to be Major. 

tVar Office, July 18 Sd Res. Light 

Drag* : Capt. R. S. Sitwell, to be Major. 



Brbtet — To be Majors in the Aimy : 
Capts. G. C. Coffin : £. C. WUfbrd, RA. 

July 19. Earl of Venilam to b« Lonl 
Lieut, of Hertford. — Rt. Hon-SirKThora- 
ton, G. C. B. to be Envoy to i(is Most 
Faithful Majesty. 

Ecclesiastical Preferments. 

Rev. W. Fisher, Ilfracombe Prebend, in Sa- 
lisbury Cathedral. 
Rev. C. Atlay, St. Geoi^ge with Si. Paul R. 

Stamford. 
Rev. L. P. Baker, B. D. Impington V. co. 

Cambridge. 
Rev. C. Beetham, Bunny V. Notto. 
Rev. T. S. Biddulph, Brockley R. SomefMC 
Rev. WUloughby Brassey, Melcombe Rb^ 

Cur. 
Rev. A. Bumaby, Asfordby R. Leioestenliira. 
Rev. W. Clark, (Professor of Anafemnj, nid 

Fellow of Trinity college) Arringtoo V. 

CO. Cambridge. 
Rev. L. A. Cliffe, Wilton juxti Tttdntoii 

Perp. Cu. 
Rev. Chas. Ctook (rector of Ba^), to Si. 

Mary Magdalen Chapehy, in Hollowly, 

and mastership of the Hospital anneiad. 
Rev. T. F. Dibdin, Exnuig V. Suffolk. 
Rev. G. Hole, Chulmleigh cum DoddGaoon- 

leigh R. Devon. 
Rev. Geo. Knight, Hagboum V. Beika. 
Rev. W. Knight, StevingCon R. Hnii. ' 
Rev. Duncan M'Cairy, Uig Churchy oo. 

Ross. 
Rev. T. Musgrave (Lord Almoner'a Pkofra- 

sor of Arabic, and Fellow of Trhuty Col* 

lege), Over V. co. Cambndg<B. 
Rev. T. B. Newell, Salperton Pexp. Cur. eo. 

Glocester. 
Rev. N. Orman, Great Barton R. Suffolk. 
Rev. H. Pearce (late Conduct of King's Cd. 

Cambridge), Hemingby R. oo. Lincoln. 
Rev. W. S. Preston> Bowness iL co. Cibb- 

berhmd. 
Rev. James Scholefield, St. MidiMl'a Paip. 

Cur. Cambridge. 
Rev. Thomas- Vowler Short (Ceoaor of Chmt 

Church, and Senior Proctor at Oxfi»d«) 

Stockjeigh Pomeroy R. Devon. 
Rev. Wm. Slatter, Hethe R. Oeoii. 
Rev. Edm. Smyth, N. EUd^^ R. line. 
Rev. Mr. Strong, elected ^ucar of Paina- 

wick, CO. Glonc. 
Rev. G. D. Perkins, and Rev. Dr. flatton. 

Chaplains to his MaJMtj. 
Rev. H. B. W. HUlcoaft, Chapkia to Dnke 

of Sussex. 
Rev. George Hume, DomesUo Chapkia to 

- the Marquis of Aileabury. 
Rev. Tliomas Wyatt, Domestic ChapUia to 

the Earl of Guilford. 

Civil 



18^.] 



Birthi.'^Marriages. 



79 



Civil Psktbrmknts. 
Robert Torrens, esq. to be one of the Judges 

of the Court of Common Pleas, Ireland^ 

vice Fletcher, dec. 
G. B. Whituker, esq. Stationer, and Peter 

Lmme, esq. Sadler, elected SherifFs of 

London sad Middlesex. 
Rev. P^ter-FM Dobree, Fellow of Trmity 

College, unanimously elected Regius Pro- 

fsssor of Ofnek, at Cambridge. 
Mr. Blake, Chief Remembrancer of the 

Equity side of the Exchequer. 
Rev. WUIiam Millner, S.C.L. of St. Alban 



Hall, Master of the Free Grammar-school 
at Wickwar. 
John Shepherd, Proctor of Doctors' Com* 
inons, appointed Acting Re^strar of the 
Diocese of London, vice John Shephaidy 
senior, deceased. 



MsM9fiRs Returned to PiRtuMiNT. 

Bommey, — John-Stuart Wortley, esq. 
Hftiford, — Thos. Byron, esq. vice Lord 
Cranbome, now Marquis of Salisbury. 
Stqffordahire, — Sir John Wrottesley, bart. 



BIRTHS. 



Dec. 27. At Calcutta, the wife of Henry 
Hobhouse, esq. second son of Sir Benjamin 
Hobhouse, bart. a son. 

Lately. At Clifton, the wife of Lucius 
O'Brien, M.D. a son and heir. — At Creech- 
$t.-Michael, the wife ot Lieut. P. Thump- 
ton, a son. — ^At Brewse-house, Milverton, 
the wife of Major Kersteman, a dau. — At 
Gopsall, CO. Leicester, the Countess Howe, 
^ son.-— At Torry-hill, Kent, Lady Mon- 
txessor, a son and heir. — ^At Harable-house, 
Hants, Ijady Harriet Hoste, a dau. — ^At 
Ediuburgh, the lady of Sir Jas. Montgomery, 
M.P. a son. — At Ballygil>lin, Cork, the wife 
of W.W. Beecher, esq. M.P. a dau.— At Crof- 
ton-house, Tichfield, Hants, Mrs. T. Nagh- 
teu, a son. 

June 7. At Lausanne, the wife of Cap- 
tain Cunliffe Owen, R. N. a son. — 8. At 
Famham, Dorsetshire, thelady of Sir Simeon 
Stuart, bart. a son and heir. — 10. At Golds- 
bro', Hon. Mrs. Stourton, a dau. — 12. At 
Clementhorpe, near York, Mrs. Thos. Price, 
a dau. — 18. At Tockington, Mrs. John- 
^f urray Aynsley, of Little Harle Tower, 
Northumberland, a son. — 19. At Munster- 



house, Fulham, Lady Jane-Lawrence Peel, 
a son and heir. — 21. At Packington, the 
Countess of Aylesford, a dau. — 22. In Wim- 
pole-street, Mrs. Robert Robertson, a sofu 
— 25. At Devizes, the wife of the Rev. J, 
Mayo, a son. — 27. At Roehampton, the 
Lady of Sir Thomas Farquhar, bart. a 
daughter. 

July 2. The lady of Lieut.-Col. Bour- 
chier, a son. — 5. The wife of Rev. Gerrardp 
Thomas Andrewes, a dau. — 7. Mrs. Robert 
Bright, a son. — 8. At Blackheath, the wife 
Major Farrington, Royal Artilleiy, a son.— f 
At Douglas-house, near Cork, Mrs. John 
Callaghan, a dau. — 9, At lattle Camden- 
house, Kensington, the lady of Mi^or-Gea* 
Sir Herbert Taylor, a son. — 1 0« At WaltoOf 
in Leicestershire, the wife of Rev. Augusto* 
Hobart, a dau. — 11. In Devooshire-placoy 
the widow of the late Frederick-Richaid 
Coore, esq. a son. — 1 2. In Cadogan-terraop, 
Mrs. Robert Pearson, a son. — IS. At Wood- 
ham-Walters Rectory, Essex, the wife of 
Rev. Guy Bryan, a dau. — 19. At Canons, 
the wife of Rev. T, Alington^ Rector of Little 
Barford, a dau. 



MARRIAGES. 



Lately, Rev. C. S. Bird, to Miss Mar- 

gsret Wrangham, of Altringham. Rev. 

Joseph Church, Rector of Frettenham, to 

Miss Gibson, of Norwich. Rev, W. B. 

Coulcher, Rector of Bawsey, to Harriet- 
Anne, dau. of Mr. Twiss, of Cambridge. — 
Rev. C. Dewell, of Malmesbury, to Sarah- 
Anne, d&u. of W. Hughes, esq. of Devizes. 
■ ■ R ev. J. M. Kirby, of Burmage-house, 
near Manchester, to Miss E. Peel, of Pen- 
tonville. Rev. Ralph Lyon, of Sherborne, 
to Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. H. GoodfeUow, of 

Stamfordham. Rev. George Pearse, of 

Thorpe Road, to Laura- Elizabeth-Buck, 
dau. of Rev. R. B. Matthews, of Hingham. 
•■-'—Rev. John Smith, Rector of Kirkby 
Laythorpe, to Frances-Mary, dau. of C. 

Blomfield, esq. of Bury. ^Rev James 

Thomas, Vicar of Haverfordwest, to Maria- 
Anne, dau. of late Ben. Gillam, esq. Banker, 



Bristol. Rev, Thomas -Henry Yorke, 

Vicar of Bishop -Middieham, to Maria, 
daughter of late Major-Gen. Hon. Mark 

Napier. ^At Edinburgh, Rev. Alexander 

Macpherson, Minister of Golspie, Suther- 
landshire, to Agnes, dau. of late R. Young, 
esq. Writer, Edinburgh.— —At Ilroinster, 
Rev. Dr. Henrv Davies, of Taunton, to 
Sophia, dau. ot late Tim. Wallington, esa. 

of llminster. ^At Norwich, Rev. lUU^ 

Barker, to Jane -Elizabeth, dau. of Rev. 

G. Beevor, Rector of Wilbv. At Ropley, 

Rev. W. WUkinson, to Maria, dmia, of late 

G. Kersley, esq. ^Rev. Dr. Lempri^ref 

Rector of Meetn and Newton PetrocK, De- 
von, to Anne, only child of late Cant. Col- 
Iin?wood, R. N. of Hea^tree, and cousin 

to Lord Collingwood. ^Rev. Thos. Irvin, 

of Scarborough, to Miss Phebe-MariaHas- 
well, of Yarmouth.^— Capt. Bent, 5th reg. 

to 



80 



Mofriagtim 



[Joljr, 



to EliaOwtb, dw. of Pml, esq. Go- 
vernor of St. Vincent's. ^Fred. BnSej, 

Mq. of BrichtoD, to Augatta-Gertmdey dan. 

of Lndj fUwke. ^T. B. Bvtley, esq. of 

Eferton, to Elizabeth, dau. of C. M*Intyre, 

esq. of Green-castle, co. DonegaL T. 

CoHman, esq. Barrister^ to Anna, dan. of 
late G. Duckworth, esq. of Manchester. — 
J. Carew, esq. of Exeter, to Maria, dan. of 

late J. Dickinson, esq. of Tirerton. 

W. Fowler, esq. to Mary-Anne, dan. of 

late Mr. T. Merry, of Baldock. At Dnb- 

lin, Goddard-Hewitson, only son of Rer. 
J. Ricliards, of the Grange, oo. Wexford, to 
Dorothea-Arabella, dau. of late £. Moore, 
esq. (^Moore's Fort, co. Tipperary, and 

niece to Lord Bandon. John Fuller, 

esq. of Terrington St. John's, to dau. of 

Mr. John Haign, merchant, of Halifiuc. 

Arthur Beevor, esq. to Miss CUiyton, both 
of Norwich. — --J. A. Bailey, esq. to Anne, 
dan. of Rer. W. Sandford, Rector of Nut- 

iie\d, D. Brown, esq. H. P. of 14th 

Dragoons, to Eleonora, dau. of late Charles 
Marsack, esq. of Caversham Park. 
April 16, John Sims, M. D. to Lydia, 

dan. of W. Dillwyn, of Walthamstow. 

Rev. John Rs&dall, B. A. to Elizabeth, dau. 

of late Mr. Bennett, of Salisbury. 17. 

W. Barwell Carter, M. D. 8th Hussars, to 
Margaret, dau. of R. Downie, esq. of Ap- 
pin,lVI. P. At Bumham, Josias, son of 
Josias Nottidge, esq. of Rose-hill, Wixoe, 
to Matilda, dau. of Wm. Langton, esq. of 

Chippenham-house. £. Warner Shewell, 

•iq. to Emma, dau. of Rev. H. Poole. 

Rev. J. Fishlake, to Jane, dau. of Rev. Dr. 

Nicholas, of Salisbury. ^Thomas Dewell, 

esq. Capt. R. A. to Charlotte, dau. of late J. 

Gaifbrd, esq. of Ifbrd-house, Wilts. 1 9. 

W. Butt, jun. esq. of Comeybury, to Eliza, 

dau. of J. Templci esq. of Brompton. 

S 1 . George St. John Keele, esq. to Hannah- 
Tlieodosia, dau. of late Geo. C. Skipton, 
esq. of Beech-hill, Londonderry. —• At 
Hackney, T. A. Stocker, esq. of Sidmouth, 
to Eliza, dau. of late Kenneth Mackenzie, 
esq. of Taunton.— —-At Ormskirk, Edward 
B<yrer, eso. of Lathom, to Mary, only dau. 
of Thos. Walkden, esq. of Bickerstaffe.—- — 
S9. At Richmond, Lacev Rumsey, eso. son 
of Dr. R. of Amersham, Bucks, to Elizabeth, 
Youngest dau. of Hon. John and Lady Eliz- 
beth Spenoer.— 93. At Barnstaple, Rev. 
Jacob-ueo. Wrench, Rector of Stoutiiur, 
Kent, to Frances, dau. of late Rev. J. F. 
Squire.— -—At Edinbui^h, Capt. Peckett, 
to Chtherine-Gordony dau. of R. Hepbume, 

esq. of Clarkington. 94. At Walcot, 

Wm. Blathwayt, esq. Capt. 3d Dragoons, 
to Emilia, dau. of late Cant. Ftlmer, ofBath, 
and grand-dau. of Ute Rev. Sir £. F. bart. 
^At Walcot, Rev. Robert Moore, Rec- 
tor of Wimborue St. Giles's, co. Dorset, 
to Sophia-Elizabeth, dau. of R. Heushawe, 

esq. of Bath. 96. At Colchester, Rev. 

Henry Hutton, jun. to EUzaboth-Sophia, 



only dan. of kte Rev. A. Beevor, Rector of 

Benh-Apcon.- 98. Rev. T. Ellia Ro|an» 

of Lackfbrd, Suffolk, to Sophia, dan. m late 

Rev. Edward Mills. ^At Samploid-Araii- 

del, Lieut. Creorge-Rivers Luke, R» A. to 
Mvy-Aime, dan. of Lowell Todd« «M|. of 

Weres Cot, Somenet. 99. At Ridi- 

DMmd, David Holmes, eaq. ooa of kte R. 
H. esq. to Anne, dan. of lata Sir Qmles 

Price, hart. SO. At Angna, Joha Wed- 

derbiun, esq. to Hon. Lady Helen OgUvy* 
dau. of late, and nster to tne present £ul 
of Airly. 

May 1. At Twickenham, Rev. W. B. 
Hayne, Vicar of Henlow, Bedfordshire^ to 
Emma, dau. of late John-Eardley Wiliiiot» 

esq. of Tottenham. At Beccks, Rev. 

Thomas Sheriffe, to Georgiana, dau. of T. 

Fan, esq. of Beccles. ^Kev. John Baron» 

Vicar of Walsall, to Anna-Maria, dan. of 
late Rev. C. Prescott, B JD. Rector of Stock- 
port. ^At Marylebone, John-Owen Her- 



bert, esq. of Dolforgan, Mon^omeiythin* 
to Harriett, dau. of Rev. C. Johnson, Sonlik 

Stoke, Somerset. ^At Chelsea» Chulea 

Schreiber, esq. of Hinchelsea-lodge, Haate» 
to Amelia, dau. of Major- (Jen. S^ John 

Cameron, K. C. B. 5. At Wefltbay- 

upon-Trym, Major Thos. Pierce, Sd. r^gt. 
Eiombay Inf. to Susan, indow of late Opt. 

S. Ford, West Middlesex Militia. 18. 

At Brighton, Wm. Curtis, esq. of flndilej» 
to Isabella, dau. of kte Wm. Soppitt, etqw- 
97. At Twickenham, Rev. George-Tmrsr 
Spencer, to Harriett-Theodora, dau. of Sir 
Benjamm Hobhouse, bart. 

June 3. At Bath, John Uniacke, esq, of 
Baughton, to Anne, dau. of late Rear-Adm, 
Pierrepoint, of Farley-hil], Surrey. ■ y. 
J. A. Warre, esq. M. P. to Florence-Can- 
line, dau. of R. Magenis, esq. M.P.— -.-19. 
At Stockholm, Oscar, Crown P^inoe of Swe- 
den, son of Charles- John Bemadotte, the pn- 
sent King, to the Princess of LeuchtenlxB]^. 

July 2. Dan. Keyte Sandford, esq. BJL 
Professor of Greek at Glasgow, to Henrietta 
Cecilia, dan. of late R. Charaockf tun 
3. Lieut. Thomas Probyn, of £.L^'e 
Service, son of Arfhdeacon P. to MMtgant^ 
dau. of kte Dr. Roberts, of Gloneester.— » 
5. T. Holroyd, esq. son of Air. Joitke Hbl* 
royd, to Sanh, dau. of W. Moigao» era. of 

Gower-st. ^Hon. H. TjaeeUee, to Lmig 

Louisa Thynne, dau. of Maiqob of Bidb 

8. By special licence, Rob. Pike^. en, 

M.P. for Hereford, onlv son of Umdiua 
Price, esq. of Foxl^, to Marv Ame BHan- 
beth, dau. of kte Rev. Dr. Prioe» PMban- 
dary of Durham.— ^l 0. Akx. W. R. Mm- 
donald, esq. son of Mijor-Ckn. the Hoik 
G. Boeville. and nephew of Lord Mecdo* 

nald, to dau. of late CoL BmnL SS. 

Rev. PhiUp Bliss, ULD. FeUow of St. Jobn'e 
College, and Sub-Librarkn of the lliidle^, 
to Sophia, 9d. dau. of kte Rev. Robert-Bvtv 
Bell, formeriy Felkw of New College^ andl 
of WindleshuB, Surrev. 

OBITUARY. 



18«S.] 



e 81 ] 



OBITUARY, 



Admiral John Sciiank. 
LtUelif* At Dawlish, aged 83, John 
Schanky esq. Admiral of the Blue, F.R.S. 
He was a native of one of the southern 
counties of Scotland, and was son of Mr. 
Aleiander Schank, of Castlerig, co. Fife. 
. This i^ntleman having entered into 
tlie naval service at an early age, about 
the year 1758, and very conspicuously 
disting^uished himself while in a subor- 
dinate capacity to that of Lieutenant, 
was, after a laborious service of eighteen 
years* continuance, promoted to the lat- 
ter rank in the month of June 1776, and 
at the commencement of the contest 
niih America, commanded the Canceaux, 
afi armed schooner mounting ten guns, 
employed on the river St. Laurence. 
This command he nominally retained 
fbr a considerable time ; we say nomi- 
nally, for almost immediately after the 
eommencement of the war in Canada, 
be was appointed superintendant of the 
naval department at St. John's, and in 
the year following received a second 
commission, nominating him to the ele- 
vated station of senior officer in the 
naval department in that quarter. In 
fact, he might have been truly called 
the civil Commander-in-Chief, all the 
conjunct duties of the Admiralty and 
Navy Board being vested in him. The 
force under his direction was consider- 
able, no less than four different flotillas, 
or squadrons of small vessels, being at 
one time subject to his direction in the 
civil line. His e&ertions and merit were 
to conspicuous as to draw forth the high- 
est encomiums from the Comander-in- 
Chief, particularly on account of the 
celerity and expedition with which he 
constructed a ship called the Inflexible, 
the stvy appearance of which vessel on 
the lakes, struck with insurmountable 
terror the whole American fleet, and 
compelled it to seek for safety in igno- 
minious flight, after having held out a 
vain boast of many months' continu- 
ance, that the first appearance of the 
British flotilla would be the certain fore- 
runner of its immediate destruction. 

Exclusive of the armaments which he 
bad fitted out, and equipped for service 
on the lakes Ontario, Erie, Eurine, and 
Mishagon, he had the direction of four 
different dock-yards at the same time, 
situated at St. John's, Quebec, Carleton 
Island, and Detroit. In all these mul- 
tiplied branches and divisions of public 
duty, bis diligence and zeal were ex- 
GfiNT. Mag. Jvlyi 1 823. 

11 



ceeded only by the strict economy which 
he paid on all occasions to the public 
money. His services on this occasion 
were not solely confined to the naval 
department; he attended the array under 
General Burgoyne, and became not only 
the inventor, but the constructor of 
several floating bridges, by the assist- 
ance of which its progress was materially 
aided, and without whiah it would have 
been in all probability totally impeded 
much sooner than it really was. 

On the cessation uf hostilities, this 
gentleman returned to England, and 
was almost immediately afterwards pro- 
moted to the rank of Post Captain in the 
Navy. Capt. Schank soon after invented » 
or might rather be said to have improved 
a former invention of his own, relative 
to the construction of vessels, peculiarly 
adapted for navigating in shallow water. 
He was appointed at the beginning of 
1794 to be agent-general, or principal 
agent of transports composing a part of 
the formidable expedition, then sent to 
the West Indies, under the orders of Sir 
John Jervis, afterwards Earl of St. Vin- 
cent, and Sir Charles Grey, afterwards 
Lord Grey de Howick. So conspicuous was 
his assiduity in this service, that when 
the reverse of war compelled the British 
troops to quit Flanders, and retire into 
Holland, whither they were followed by 
the armies of the French Convention, 
Capt. Schank was appointed supeiin- 
tendant of sill transports, or vessels em- 
ployed in the various services of con- 
veying either troops, stores, or property, 
from one country to the other ; and his 
exertions tended at least to reduce dis- 
aster within its narrowest possible limits. 

The acquisition of coast gained by the 
enemy, and the general complexion of 
public affairs, causing an apprehension 
that an attempt might be made to in- 
vade Britain, a new and formidable sys- 
tem of defence was, by the orders of the 
Admiralty Board, projected, arranged^ 
and completely carried into execution, 
under the direction of Capt. Schank. 
In short, the defence of the whole coast, 
from Portsmouth to Berwick upon 
Tweed, was confided to him ; and few 
commands have ever been bestowed of 
more magnitude and importance, and 
requiring more extensive abilities. The 
objects he had to attain were infinitely 
more multifarious than generally fall to 
the lot either of a land or a naval officer; 
for he was not only under the necessity 

of 



82 Obituary. — Admiral Schankr-'Count BerihoUet, [Julys 

of cfintriviiifc and ronntructiiif; a variety Count Bertiiollrt. 

of rafli, Riul vtdRifU uf difft^reiit dcf:cri)>- This distinguished chemist, whose 

tioiii, capahle of reeeiviiif; naiinuii, but death we noticed in vol. xcii. ii. p. 645, 

he WAR hUo compelled to fit and adapt was born at Tatloire, in Savoy. He was 

for the same purpose the greater part of the medical profession, and became 

even of tlie small hositH which he found physician to the grafndfather of the pre- 

employed in different occupations on the sent Duke of Orleans. His attainments 

coaHt. When even these difliculties an<l his chemical labours obtained for 

were overcome, \if hud still to undergo him so high a reputation, that scarcely 

the tHMlc of teaching th(> inhabitants had he reached his S4lh year, when he 

througlKuit the several districts, the art was elected Member of the French Aca- 

of flgliting and managing this hetero- demy, and of several learned societies 

geneous, though highly serviceable, flo- of Europe, in 1794, M. BerthoUet was 

tilla, in case the nuccssities of the coun- appointed one of the commissioners of 

try should be such ns to re(|utrc their agriculture and the arts. Two months 

personal exertions. To have overcome after, he became professor of the Ecole 

these multiplied (UlTiculties, would in it- Normale ; and the following year, on 

•«lf be a matter of sufllcient praise, to the organization of the Institute, he was 

entitle a man to the hij^heiit tribute one of the first members. In 1798 M, 

publio gratitude could bestow, were BerthoUet was sent into Italy by the 

every other occasion that could call for Directory, as one of the persons charged 

it, wanting. In 1795)| he was again ap- with the selection of the pictures, ita* 

pointed to superintend the transport tues, and other objects, which were to 

service connected with the expedition be transported to Paris. He there be- 

to HolUnd. This whs, we believe, the came connected with Bonaparte, aod 

last public occasion on which he was afterwards accompanied him to Egypt. 

employed. In 1799 he returned to France, and was 

On the formation of the Board consti- called to a seat in the Conservative Se- 

tuted for conducting the trnns)H>rt ser- nate. He successively received the ranks 

vice, ('apt. Sohank was appointed one of Comte, Grand Officer of the Legion 

«if the (.'unuuissionertl a station he con- d'Honneur, and Grand Cross of theOrder 

tinurd to hold with the higheiit credit of Reunion. His friendship for M. de 



and honour to himself till the year 180*:?, la Place determined him to |nireh; 

when, in consequence of an ophthaluiiu country house in the village of AreeniL 

«MimpUint, he wa« under tlie necessity It was in his house, adjoining the abode 

of ivtiring from the fatigues of public of his colleague, that he established a 

duly. laboratonii- for experiments, and collected 

At length, after a «ervi«*e of upwanU around him a number of young phyn- 

of AO years* he obt.-tined his tl:\g, on the ri:in$ and chemists, almost all uf tlMMi 

;iih of Nv»vembor, 181^5. In ItiO*)* ^hile his own pupiU, in order to prttmote the 

Kear Admiral of the White, he Ma< pn»- progress of scitrnce, and pursue the sys- 

moted to the rank of Rear Admiral of tem of analysis. This select aecting 

the Red; in 1810 Vii<e< Admiral of the toiik the name of the Social ^ d'Arceuil, 

Blue ; aUuit \\^\4 Vice-Admiral of the and publi>hed 3 vols, of Memoiis, of tbe 

Rvd; and in 1H''>J Admiral of the Blue. highest intcrtst. His love of cbemkal 

He uurrird Mus lirant, the si;>ter v( science, to w hich he has so wuch 

the M Jester of the Rolls, by whom he tnbuted by bis writings awd hia 

bad i«<ue, Hi« daughter who married induced bim to devote to his 



ill ItH^ i^apt. J'hn Wright, R.N. died meuts not only the iucoese vbidi he 

May t», litl^, leaving a young family. derived from bis appoint saents. bnt alau 

Admirt^l Scbank wa^ one of the com* so considerable a part of bis pcrm»al 

pauy who went out with Sir C. Douglas property, as to oblige bim to rrlwT his 

m tbe KmfTuiti in irt>^, to olisrnre the establtshaMut* and dediue nnicsiii^i, at 

iraiiait ««f Venus '^od at the death of Court. Napoleon, when Eaapcrar, it is 

Capt. Carter^ R. N. Apnl ^v\ Ul)i», he ndated, having Warned thr ritnsti— af 

wai the Mily tfHirer who survived that bis affairs, setit for bim* and In a Mae 

expeduion. He w.%s aUo o«e of tbe of atfiretionate KprohKb^ said, ** IL Ber- 

wri^tiial members of tbe SMrieiy for im« thwUet, )*ai tunjuurs cent milk jc«s mi 

prv^^iug Navjkl Arehi!rcture> set on f«K*l service de hm* aaus^** In ' 

by tbe late e\*v\'Mtrie J<.-bn Sewe'U the dervd that xum tv be ii 

booi.<vller: and s^iue of ihe p^ipers pub< veyed to bim. 

iMhed by iba: la:»t;tut o:t wtfre tbe prvw M.Bectbol!et disttBgnisbcd _. 

dnctiotts cf tbi.s iiij^uKHA't s^nrWasan ; tbe most usvt'nl discoveries* s«ch an the 

who al>.» pubtHbv-u in ITS.^ *« \ Sketch componitioa of ammonwe by a «alli- 

of two B>.sit$. and a i utter oiih siiding tode of vaiu.it>4e aed ragenion^'pfiKt.jsai, 

be^.-^^^" hiU sucii as ^ceMECvin^ water £Ka4 b« 




182S.} Obitu Ai Y. — Countess of Cardigan,-^ Sir C. Mordaunt, Bt, 8ic. 83 



bonising the inside of barrels; giving to 
flax and hemp the appearance of cotton, 
&c. &c. He was particularly successful 
in bleaching vegetable substances by 
oxygenated muriatic acid ; and this pro- 
cess, introdueed into all the great ma- 
nufactories, has occasioned the adoption 
of a rariety of names formed in his ho- 
nour, such as JBerthoUim^tre, BertboU 
leor, Berthollien, &c. M.Berthollet pub< 
lisbed many works which attest bis su- 
perior genius. The most important is 
bis '* Essai de Statique Chimique," 2 
roU. 8vo. 1803, translated into English 
in 1804. 



the Duke of Gloucester, Princess Sophia, 
and Princess Sophia Matild;\^ and mauy 
others, attended. 



CouKTESs- Dowager of Cardigan. 

Jime 23. At her house in Seymour* 
place. May Fair, aged 65, after a short 
but painful illness, of an inflammation 
which baffled the skill of her physicians, 
EHiabeth Countess Dowager of Cardi- 
f^n, widow of James the 5tb Earl of 
Cardigan, who died Feb. 24, 1811, and 
to whom she was married April 28, 1791. 

Her Ladyship was the eldest daughter 
(her twin sister Amelia having died, June 
8, 1768) of John the third Earl of Wal- 
degrave, and Lady Elizabeth Leveson 
Gower, sister of Granville first Marquis 
of Stafford, K. G. and was burn May 26', 
1758. On the establishment of the 
Household of the Princess Royal (now 
Queen Dowager of Wurtemberg), she 
was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber 
to her Royal Highness, and continued 
in that situation up to the period of her 
marriage j shortly after which she suc- 
ceeded to. the same office with our late 
most gracious and exccUeut Majesty 
Queen Charlotte, and discharged the 
duties of the same till her lamented de- 
cease. The attachment of all the mem- 
bers of the Royal Family to her Lady- 
ship commenced in their earliest youth, 
remained unshaken to the last, and their 
sincere grief at her loss is the best tri- 
bute to her numerous virtues, her steady 
friendship, and amiable qualifications. 

Her Ladyship has left behind one sur- 
viving sister and brother, viz. Lady Caro- 
line Waldegrave, also Lady of the Bed- 
chamber to the Princesses; and Admiral 
Lord Radstock, G. C. B. 

Her remains were interred in the vault 
of the Earl of Waldegrave's family at 
Navestock in Essex on the 1st of July. 
The body was inclosed in a coffin of rich 
Genoa crimson velvet, with heraldic 
ornaments, and plate, on which was 
the following inscription : " Elizabeth 
Countess Dowager of Cardigan, died 
June 23, aged 66 years." The funrral 
procession was agreeable to her rank ; 
the carriages of their Royal Highnesseb 



Sir Chakles Mordaunt, Bart. 
May 30. At Walton, co. Warwick, Sir 
C. Mordaunt, hart. M. P. He was eldest 
son of Sir John, 7th baronet, by Elizabeth, 
daughter and coheir of Thomas Prowse, 
of Axbridge, co. Somerset, esq. He suc- 
ceeded his father Nov. 18, 1806, and was 
Representative in Parliament for the 
county of Warwick, since the autumn 
of 1804, at which time he came in with- 
out any opposition, Mr. Bracebridge 
having declined a contest in the room 
of the late Si r George Shuckburgh Evelyn, 
hart. He married, June 31, 1807, the 
eldest daughter of Wm. Holbech, of 
Farmborough, co. Warwick, esq. and 
had issue a son and two daughters. 



Sir G. Cooke, Bart. 
June 2. At Wheatley, near Doncaster, 
aged 80, Sir George Cooke, Bart. Colonel 
of the third battalion of the West York 
Militia, and formerly an ofliccr in the 
royal regiment of Horse Guards Blue. 
He was the only son of Sir Bryan Cooke, 
6th hart, by Mary, daughter of Colonel 
Foley ; succeeded his father March 4, 
1766; married, Ist, in June 1770, Frances 
Jory Midilleton, sister of the late Sir 
Wni. Middletoi), of Belsay Castle, co. 
Norlbunibcrland, bart. and by her bad 
issue 3 sons (one of whom is dead), 
and 1 1 daughters (three of whom are 
dead). He' married 2dly, the relict of 
Thomas Hewett, of Bilham, esq. and 
daughter of the late James Farrer, of 
Barnborough Grange, esc[. and by her, 
who died July 1814, had no issue. His 
son George-Augustus succeeds him in 
the title and estates. 



Sir R. H. Blosset, Kt. 

Feb. 1. At Calcutta, Sir Robert Henry 
Blosset, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of Cal- 
cutta, fiirmerly an eminent Counsel ufton 
the Norfolk Circuit, and Deputy Re- 
corder of Cambridge. He was ap])ointed 
Lord Chief Justice of Calcutta, and re- 
ceived t he honour of knighthood, in 1 822. 

The loss sustained, not only by his 
friends and connexions, but by the pub- 
lic at large, and particularly by the In- 
dian empire, will be fully appreciated 
here, where his talents, learning, and 
virtues were well known. The close of 
his life, which was as exemplary as the 
whole course of it had been, and was 
marked by a composed and tranquil 
spirit of Christian resignation, has af- 
forded an awful and instructive lesson 
to that country, which in the brief t'X- 
periencu of two months' exercise of bib 

judicial 



S4 Obituary. — Rev, Archdeacon Gooch, — Hiv, J, Lambert, [July, 

judicial functions, had yet found am- eminent literary characters of that day, • 

pie coiifirmation of the high character and was not less remarkable for his li- 

which bad so deservedly recommended terary attainments than for the polish- 

him to his appointment. He died of a ed urbanity of his manners. His son 

disease in the lower intestines, which James, born the 7th March, 1741, O.S. 

must have been of very long continu- received the rudiments of his education 

ance, and which the faculty were sur- at the Grammar-school at Woodbridge, 

prized had not much earlier put an end under Mr. Ray till about the fifteenth, 

to his life. year of his age, when his father super- 

■ intended it till be was admitted in 1760 

Rev. Archdeacon Gooch, to College. In 1763 he became a schu- 

Jul^ 14. Suddenly, at Leamington, lar on tbe foundation. In 1764 obtain- 

Warwickshire, where he had been stay- ed tbe Chancellor's Gold Medal for Clas- 

ing for the benefit of his health, the sical attainments, taking his first de-> 

Venerable Archdeacon Gooch. This di- gree, B.A. tbe same year, when be was 

vine was the third son of Sir Thomas fifth or sixth on the first Tripos, or what 

Gooch) of Benacre Hall, Bart, by Anne, is generally called fifth or sixth Wrangler, 

the daughter and heiress of John At- In 1765 he was elected Fellow of Trinity 

wood, of Saxlingham, in Norfolk, esq. College, and about that time was ordain- 

He received his academical education ed. He became officiating curate at Al- 

at Christ Church, Oxford ; and proceeded derton and Bawdsey, near Woodbridge. 

to the degree of M. A. Feb. 3, 1776, in In 1767 he took bis degree of M. A. and 

which year he was presented by his became a resident and assistant tutor in 

father to the Rectory of Benacre, with Trinity College, In 1771 he was elected 

Easton, and Northales alias Covehithe, Greek Professor. About this time tbe 

in the county of Suffolk, annexed. In great question was agitating for the re- 

1782, he was presented by the same lief of tbe Clergy in the matter of sub* 

patron to the United Rectories of Sax- scription to tbe 3$ articles, which was 

lingham Nethergate, SaxlinghamThorpe, greatly supported by many of tbe moet 

and Sbarington, in tbe county of Nor- distinguished members of the UniTer-*.. 

folk. In 1783, on the translation of Dr. sity, among whom Mr. Lambert was by 

Bagot from the See of Bristol to that of no means the least active, In 1778 be 

Norwich, he was appointed his Lord- received a proposal to accompany Prince 

ship's Domestic and Examining Chap- Poniatowsky to Poland, which be d»» 

lain ; and in the following year was ap- clined. In 1773 be formed the sesoln- 

fointed by him Archdeacon of Sudbury, tion not to accept any Clerical piefer- 

n 1785 he was presented by Dr. Moss, ment, in which he persisted to his death* 

Bishop of Bath and Wells, to the Pre- having repeatedly passed by the best 

bend of Whitchurch, in that Cathedral, livings in tbe gift of tbe College, whicb 

In 1798 he was presented by his former in succession were oflfered to him. In 

patron. Dr. Bagot, then Bishop of St. 1774 tbe University was much occupied 

Asaph, to tbe sinecure Rectory of Whit* with the resolutions then proposed bj 

ford, in the county of Flintshire. In Mr. Jebb for annual examinations^ of 

1818 he was presented by his brother, which Mr. Lambert was a strenuous, 

the present Baronet, to the Rectory of supporter, and was named one of tbe 

Billesley, in the county of Warwick. syndicate or committee to establish a 

By his wife, Barbara, the daughter of plan of uniting polite literature with 

Ralph Soeyd, of Keat Hall, in Staflford- the mathematical and philosophical 

shire, esq. by Barbara, his wife, the studies of the place. In this attempt 

daughter of Sir Walter Bagot (father to he had, among other eminent men, for 

the first Lord Bagot), of Blithfield, bart. his intended colleagues. Dr. Watson* 

the Archdeacon has bad five children, t;is. afterwards Bishop of Landaff; Hey* 

John -Lewis, Henry- Edward, Caroline- afterwards Norrisian Professor of DIti- 

Barbara, George-^Thomas, and Charles- nity, and author of Lectures on the 39 

Francis. _.— articles; Dr. Farmer, well known among 

Rev. J. Lambert. Shakspeare's criticks and book collec* 

jfprild. At Fersfield Parsonage House, tors; Paley; Tyrrwhitt, the well-known 

Norfolk, the Rev. James Lambert, Unitarian, who shewed his zeal for the 

Senior Fellow of Trinity College, Cam- University by leaving at his death 4000/. 

bridge. He was the son of Rev. Thomas for the encouragement of Hebrew Liter 

and Anne Lambert, the father being at rature; and Pearce, afterwards Master of 

tbe time of his birth Vicar of Thorp, Jesus College, and Dean of Ely. His coU 

near Harwich, and afterwards Rector of leagues were not, however, all agreed in 

Melton, near Woodbridge, in Suffolk, the approbation of tbe plan, for we find 

He was a member of the Zodiac Club, by Dr. Jebb's account of the proceedings 

at Cambridge, cunsisliug of the most of those times, thai Dr. Halifax and Dr. 

Farmer 



182S.] 



Obituary. — Ret, J. Lambert, — Rev, W, Elliot, 



85 



Fanner ** did all in their power to ob- 
struct and distreu their brethren/' Far- 
mer declaring^ that the proposed grace 
<< would be the ruin of the University, 
and shake the foundations of the Con- 
stitution in Church and State." In con- 
sequence of the appointment of the Syn- 
dicate, nineteen resolutions were pro- 
posed, which were all rejected, there 
being for the first six — Ayes 43 — Noes 
47.— For the next five. Ayes 41 — Noes 
48. — ^For the next eight, Ayes 38 — Noes 

Some other attempts were made, but 
equally failed, and no alteration took 
place till the year 1780, when another 
day was added for examination, and 
more stress was laid upon National Law 
and Moral Philosophy, particularly on 
Locke on the Human Understanding. 
In 1775 Mr. Lambert quitted the Assis- 
tant Tutorship, and in 1777 left College 
to superintend the education of Sir John 
Fleming Leicester, hart, and his bro- 
thers, residing with them at Lady Lei- 
cester's, partly in London, and partly 
at Tabley, in Cheshire. In 1780 he re- 
signed tbe Greek Professorship, and in 
1783 he .returned to College with Sir 
John Leicester. His connection with tbe 
Leicester family continued till 1787, 
when the two younger brothers, Henry 
and Charles, took their Bachelor's de- 
gree I from which time he resided prin- 
cipally in College, making occasional 
excursions on visits to his numerous 
friends in diflferent parts of the island. 
In 1789 he was appointed Bursar of the 
College, which he held for 10 years; 
from this time, to nearly the end of bis 
life, he was punctual in his attendance 
at the annual examinations, as also at 
the examinations fur scholarships and 
fellowships. 

Mr. Lambert, though well versed in 
the severer studies of tbe University, 
paid more attention to Polite Literature 
and Theology. To the latter subject bis 
conscientious scruples necessarily made 
him devote much of his time, and it was 
not till after a thorough examination 
of the Scriptures, that he gave up the 
doctrines of Athanasius, and adopted in 
their stead the precepts of our Saviour, 
according to the true principles of Pro- 
testants, that from the Bible, and from 
the Bible only, their religion is establish- 
ed, and though he sacrificed much to 
bis conscience, tbe consequent losses did 
not excite a moment's regret, and no one 
seems to have followed better the apos- 
tolical precept, ** Rejoice evermore." 

Natural History, in every branch, was 
among his favourite pursuits. 

Tbe elegant and moral turn of his 
mind is well known to those friends to 



whom on various occasions he commu- 
nicated those poetical effusions which 
never failed to unite instruction with 
amusement. He particularly endeared 
himself to the young, who never lost 
their regard for him in after age. 

His cheerfulness did not forsake him- 
to the last, and after a well-spent life, 
he left this world with the utmost re- 
signation to the divine will, and the 
Christian hope that he should in a fu- 
ture life be admitted to participate in 
the glories of his Saviour. v 

Though be outlived many of hia 
friends, sufficient are still left to che- 
rish his memory, with the recollection of 
his virtues, that integrity of character, 
amiable disposition, and highly-gifted 
mind, for which he was so eminently 
distinguished. 

He departed this life at the house of 
bis much-valued friend and relative, 
Mr. Carter, at Fersfield, and was buried 
agreeably to his wish, in tbe Parish 
Church of that village. 

Rev. W. Elliot. 
The late Rev. W. Elliot, whose death 
we noticed in our last vol. pt. ii. p. 476, 
was a native of Langholm, N. B. and wag 
educated at the University of Edinburgh, 
where he distinguished himself. On hit 
leaving College in 1809* he went to sea 
with Sir P. Malcolm. Next year he sailed 
to the East Indies, and when the expe- 
dition was undertaken against Java, he 
was on board the flag-ship; and was 
made purser to the Baracouta sloop of 
war. On bis return to Madras, he found 
that he had been promoted to the Buce- 
phalus frigate, in which vessel he re- 
turned to Europe in 1813. After re- 
maining nearly a year among his friends 
in Scotland, he again joined his ship, 
and was employed in conveying back 
tbe Russian troops to St. Petersburgh, 
and afterwards in the unfortunate expe- 
dition against New Orleans. Though 
following a profession little congenial to 
literary pursuits, he continued with great 
diligence a course of study, and in addi- 
tion to keeping op his acquaintance with 
the classics, be added an intimate know- 
ledge of most of the European languages. 
On the reduction of our naval establish- 
ment, he directed his views to tbe Church 
of England, and received ordination from 
the Bishop of Norwich. *He obtained 
the curacy of Walford, the duties of 
which he discharged with the greatest 
assiduity and zeal. Through his means 
the heritors liberally endowed a school 
which had never before been known in 
the parish, and he had the satisfaction to 
see it productive of tbe roost beneficial 
effects. He died at tbe early age of 33. 

Dr. 



86 Obituary.— Dr. Ridout.-^Capt. Wm. Cutfield, R.N. [July, 

Dr. Ridout. in cutting^ out the enemy's vessels, con- 
Mc^ 23. In the Crescent, Bridge-st. ducting prizes into port, Ac. &c. fre- 
Blackfriars, in his 66th year, John Gibbs quently caused honourable mention uf 
Ridout, M. D. and fornierly an eminent his name in the Gazette of that time^ 
apothecary in Paternoster-row. Dr. Ri- and procured him his captain's commis- 
dout,for some years past, had in a great sion in May 1808, at that time about 
measure retired from the practice of his the Slst year of his age. On his return 
profession, in which he had acquired a home in 1809 he volunteered hit sei^ 
high reputation ; but with his charac- vices to the commander-in-chief of the 
teristie benevolence he has been actively naval part of the Walcheren expedition, 
employed in assisting in the manage- and was appointed by him to cummand 
ment of several public Institutions, all the small hired craft employed ; and 
which will sensibly feel the loss of his at the close of that expedition brought 
valuable and disinterested services, home the dispatches to Government 
Among these may be particularly noticed from Sir Richard Strachan. He con- 
the Society of Apothecaries of London, tinned on half pay till June 1814, when 
of whose Court of Assistants Dr. Ridout he was appointed to command the Wood- 
was a useful Member ; and was very lark sloop of war, which he immediately 
assiduous in his attendance on the Com- joined at Plymouth, and was employed 
mitteeofExaminers under the recent Act on some active services between that 
of Parliament, which is so calculated to port and Passages till the beginning of 
improve the regular practice of Medicine. 1815, when he was ordered up the Medi- 
With the purest principles and integrity terranean with dispatches for Sir C. V. 
of character, he was blessed with a sin- Penrose. In 1816 he returned and payed 




tion. Barracouta, he sailed from Spithead in 

■ company with Capt. Owen, of the Levon 

Capt. Wm. Cutfibld, R. N. frigate, his commodore, op a voyage to 

i\rov.30, 1822. At Delagoa Bay, Africa, survey and explore the harbours and 

aged 35, Capt. William Cutfield, R. N. rivers ou the eastern coast of Africa. 

Commander of his Majesty's sloop of On his return from the survey of one of 

war the Barracuuta. the rivers in Delagoa Bay, after an* ab- 

Capt. Cutfield was the eldest son of sence of 14 days' arduous service in the 

Mr. J. Cutfield of Deal, an old and men- oi»en boats, the fever, so dreadful in 

torious officer, who had been upwards of those parts, appeared among the crew, 

50 years a Master in his M^esty's Navy, and to that cruel disorder this worthy 

and who during the last years of the war young officer, eight others, and 60 of the 

was Master Attendant of that dock-yard, crew, unfortunately fell victims. Tbey 

Capt. Cutfield entered the Navy in penetrated 80 miles up the river, bav- 

1796, on board the Overyssel man of ing to encounter the dreadful beast 

war, of 64 guns, Capt. (now Admiral) called the hippopotamus, who bit out 

Bazely. In 1799 he went in her to the five planks from one of their boats, and 

Texel, and in 1802 he left her to join to disperse large parties of the natives 

the Arrow, Capt. Vincent, and after who endeavuured to surprize them dur- 

cruizing some time in the channel, ing their bivouac on shore, 

sailed in her to the Mediterranean, where The death of this brave and enterpris* 

he soon afterwards joined the Belleisle, ing young officer is a great lots to the 

Capt. (now Admiral) Hargood, one of Naval service of his country, and must 

the ships of Lord Nelson's squadron, ever be severely felt by his much afflietcd 

then on the look out for the French and relatives, to whom his exemplary conduct 

Spanish combined fleets. In the memo- as a good son, an affectionate brother, and 

rahle action which followed he was a generous friend, justly endeared bim. 

slightly wounded in the breast, and soon _— . 

afterwards he came home in hopes of Mr. J. Mitak. 

promotion ; but being disappointed, he ^ug, 16, 1822. At his house in Warreu- 

again joined the Belleisle, in which he St. Fitsroy-square, London, James Ifltan, 

served as mate for some months. In a line engraver of considerable celebrity. 

March 1806 he was promoted to the He was bK>m in London, Feb. IS, 1776, 

rank of Lieutenant, and soon after was and the rudiments of education were 

appointed to the Grasshopper, Capt. taught him by his father, until his tenth 

Searle, and sailed in her to the Medi- year, when he was placed at Mr. King's 

terranean, where the very active service Academy, Soho. Here he continoed 

he was employed in during the year two years, and then received farilier iu- 

1807, perpetually commaadiug the boats structions at home. In 1790 he was 

uriitled 



1823,1 



Obituary. — Mr, J. Miian, — Mrs. Radelife, 



87 



articled to Mr. Vincent, a writin^-en- 
grvret} but soon becoming tired of the 
monotony of A, B, C, and stimulated by 
tbe excellence of the productions of 
Mr. Sharp, who was a contemporary ap- 
prentice with Mr. Vincent to an heraldic 
engraver, he resolved to direct his efforts 
to the attainment of historical engrav- 
ing, and was much indebted for instruc- 
tion ill drawing to Mr. Agar, then a 
papil of Mr. Cheeseman's. Having en- 
tered himself as a student of the Royal 
Academy, Somerset House, he cum- 
menced copying the tickets of Bartolozzi, 
&C. which became a source of improve- 
ment to him as well as of emolument. 
His articles expiring June 7» 17979 his 
time became principally devoted to the 
assistance of those who possessed either 
established reputation or extensive con- 
nexions : hence the prints that are 
known to be of his engraving are but 
few in comparison with the works of 
some modern engravers. In the year 
1818 he cultivated architectural design. 
His first production was a design for a 
chain-bridge over the Mersey at Run« 
corn, eighteen feet in length, and drawn 
with elaborate minuteness. He next 
made a design for a Monument to com- 
memorate the victory of Waterloo, four 
feet fi«re by five, that nearly employed 
bis time for three months, during which 
he rose at three or four o'clock every 
morning : this drawing was exhibited at 
the Royal Academy. He also engraved 
many plates, after his own designs, for 
the Admiralty, the Freemason's Society, 
&c. These exertions evidently endan- 
gered bis health, which was much re- 
novated by riding on horseback ; but 
applying afterwards with his usual in- 
tensity, it brought on, ultimately, a para- 
lytic affection, that terminated his 
career, leaving a wife and family to re- 
f^t his irreparable loss, and robbing 
the arts of an excellent and modest pro- 
fessor. He was never heard to speak of 
bis own works but with great humility ; 
but he was amply repaid for this diffi- 
dence by the unextorted praises of the 
professors of art, all of whom were anx- 
ious to possess his works for the embel- 
lisbment of their portfolios. His man- 
ners were mild and polite, and he was 
ever anxious to encourage genius where- 
cver he found it. 

His principal productions are engrav- 
ings for Mrs. Inchbald's Theatre; some 
of Stot hard's Vignettes to the Irish Me- 
lotlies ; of Smirke's Designs for Don 
Quixote; Gerard Do w's Musician; Les- 
lie's Anne Page ; Interior of Worcester 
Cathedral ; many plates to Mr. Dibdin's 
Bibliographical Tour; and lastly, a de- 
lightful gem^ after Palemberg, of the 



Masqued Ball for Dibin'8<'^de« Althorp- 
ianffi" — works which will immortalize 
him, and place his fame with theWoollets, 
the Byrnes, and the celebrated engravers 
of tbe English school, whose talents are 
equal to those of any foreign professor. 
Among tbe pupils who owe some share 
of their celebrity to Mr. Mitan, may be 
mentioned his brother, the engraver of 
Mr. Hatty's Views in France, &c. ; the 
two Findens ; a son of Mr. Freebairn's, 
the late landscape-painter ; and other 
artists distinguished in this branch of 
the profession. 

Mrs. Radcliffb. 

Fc*.7, 1823. In StaflFord-row, Pimlico, 
in her 62d year, Mrs. Anne Radcliffe, wife 
of Wm. R. esq. barrister-at-law, and late 
proprietor and editor of tbe English 
Chronicle. This lady was known and 
admired by the world, as the able and 
ingenious authoress of some of the best 
romances that have ever appeared in the 
English language ; and which, to the 
honour of the country, have been trans- 
lated into every European tongue, and 
read every where with enthusiasm. Her 
first work was *' Athlin and Dumblaine ;** 
her second, « The Romance of the 
Forest';" and her third, ♦« The Sicilian 
Romance," which established her fame 
as an elegant and original writer. Her 
next production was the famous " Mys- 
teries of Udolpho," for which the Mess. 
Robinsons gave her 1000/. and were well 
repaid for their speculation, the work 
being universally sought for, and many 
large editions rapidly sold. Mrs. Rad- 
cliffe published in 1795, ** A Journey 
made in the Summer of 1794, through 
Holland and the Western Frontier of 
Germany, with a return down the Rhine; 
to which are added, Observations during 
a Tour to the Lakes of Westmorland 
and Cumberland," 4to. afterwards re- 
printed in 2 vols. 8vo.; but, in describing 
matters -of-fact, her writings were not 
equally favoured. Some years after. 
Mess. Cadell and Davies gave her 1500/. 
for her '* Italians," which, though gene- 
rally read, did not increase her reputa- 
tion. 

She had been indisposed for about a 
month with a violent cold, which termi- 
nated in inflammation. Among the 
female ornaments of English literature 
she will long hold one of the highest 
places, and be remembered as near the 
head of a school which has been the 
source of very general sympathy and de- 
light. Her powers of pleasing were 
singularly great, and the happy combi- 
nation of various talents which her pieces 
display, entitled her to the rank of one 
of the first novel-writers of her age; while 

the 



8S 



Obituary. — John Shephardf Esq. — Mr. A. Riddoch. {July, 



the beautiful Tcrses iiitenpened among 
her tales, must raise ber highly in the 
estimation of every poetical genius. In 
person, Mrs. Radcliffe was of diminutive 
sise ; and, during the prime of her life, 
when she mixed in company, her con- 
versation was vivacious, and unalloyed 
by the |>edantic formality which too often 
characterizes the manners of literary 
ladies. 



John Shephard, Esq. 

Julp 9. At Brighton, after a lingering 
illness, in tbe 68th year of his age, John 
Sbephard, of Kensington-square, and of 
Doctors' Commons, esq. Deputy Regis- 
trar of the Diocese of I^ndon. He was 
buried on the 18th in bis family vault 
in Kensington church-yard. During his 
long and well-spent life he maintained 
an uniform and dignified deportment, 
tempered by the politeness and urbanity 
of a gentleman. He was never so much 
absorbed in the graver duties of his pub- 
lic and professional concerns, as either 
to preclude the facilities of access, or to 
deprive his friends of the comforts of his 
advice and experience ; and while be ad- 
hered correctly to the requisite preci- 
sions of his profession, he was ever 
mindful of the interests which they were 
intended to protect : he filled the office 
of Deputy Registrar for 18 years past, 
with the entire approbation of his Supe- 
riors, and with the general satisfaction 
of his professional brethren, and of the 
public. 

In the domestic circle of his family 
and friends, no man more happily blend* 
ed correctness of principle, sentiment, 
and example, with the liberalities and 
affections of social life; or better under- 
stood and practised those amenities which 
shine with increased lustre in such 
minds of higher attainments : he enter- 
tained the purest sentiments of religious 
sanctions, freed alike from gloom or 
doubt ; at the same time no one was ever 
more divested of their outward display : 
bis morality was founded on the basis 
of divine truth, and his final hope on 
tbe consolation of eternal peace! his re- 
gards were neither shaken by any vicis- 
situdes of fortune or of temper, nor by 
the frailties of caprice:— and these more 
intimate affections, tbe best gift of our 
nature, were largely exemplified in his 
heart and disposition, which deeply che- 
rished the blessings of conjugal and 
parental love ! In the hours of his re- 
tirement from business, he found ample 
resources in the advantages of a liberal 
education^ and of the subsequent pur- 
suits of deeper studies, be cultivated a 
love of learning and literature for their 
own sakes; and his conversation^ always 



animated, cheerful, and interesting to 
bis hearers, was replete with infonna- 
tiony delivered with classical accuracy, 
and seasoned by the happiest references 
to the best writers of modem times. As 
his integrity was unshaken, so bis judg- 
ment and self-possession were mature 
and invariable ; and these estimable 
qualities were his constant companions 
to his last moments : and even when 
his body was gradually sinking out 
of life, they helped to support hit 
soul in tranquillity, and enabled him, 
with a pious and calm joy, to breathe 
the peace of his departing spirit over 
those who received the tender sig- 
nals of his last affections! Truly may 
his sorrowing relatives and friends de- 
clare, ** that he lived beloved and died 
lamented" — the remembrance of bit 
virtues will assuredly be recorded in the 
beams of everlasting peace I A Cor- 
respondent, who will carry with him to 
the grave the recollection of these faint 
outlines of his departed friend, well 
knows that there are none so well able 
to fill up these traces of his character^ 
as those who have had the best cause to 
appreciate theix, namely, tbe affectionate 
heart of his mourning widow, and tho 
steady virtues of his children. What- 
soever things are just, whatsoever things 
are of good report, if there be ray vir- 
tue, if there be any praise, it wat bit 
daily pleasure to think on these things ! 
Oh, let me die the death of the righteout, 
and let my last end be like his ! A. H. 

Mr. A. Riddoch. 
Lately, At Dundee, Mr. Alexander 
Riddoch, according to medical report, of 
an ossified heart,— or, in common lan- 
guage, of old age ; for he wat on tho 
borders of 80. Mr. Riddoch long stood 
foremost in the municipal history of 
Dundee, and but recently ceaied to ex- 
ert an unbounded influence over tbe 
borough councils. He entered into offlee 
in the year 1776, and never again quitted 
the council till after his examination 
before the Committee of the Houte of 
Commons in 1819* In private life, Mr. 
Riddoch was kind, friendly, a liberal 
landlord, a generous benefactor to tkote 
to whom be took a fancy for, and who 
went all lengths with him. Hit ample 
fortune, with the exception of a large 
legacy to the Lunatic Asylum, and a 
moderate one to the Kirk-session, It very 
properly divided among his relations. 

Mr. Rowland Rouse. 

June 20. At Market Harborough, in 

his 84th year, Rowland Rouse, gent, ton 

of Mr. Samuel Rouse, draper, of Market 

Harborough, by Susannah^ daughter of 

Willian 



18^3.] Obituary.— Mr. House. — Mrs. Davies, — Mr, R, Bowman. 89 

Wiliian Rowland, of PUierton Hersey, 
CO. Warwick^ i^eot. 

The worthy but unfortunate father of 
the late Mr. Rouse was a good Mathe- 
matician and Astronomer^ as well as an 
ingenious Mechanic. Mr. Samuel Rouse 
was honoured with the friendship and 
correspondence of Mr. Whiston, Dr. Long, 
the Rev. Win. Ludlam, and Dr. Mason, 
Woodwardian Professor; as also with 
that of Mr. Richard Dunthorne, butler 
of Pembroke Hall, who was a good 
astronomer. Mr. R. and Mr. D. became 
acquainted, by their engaging, at the 
same period (unknown to each other) 
in constructing Tables of the Moon's 
Motions, from Sir Isaac Newton'a The- 
ory. The!!e Tables were published at 
Cambridge by Mr. Dunthorne in 1739. 
The great engineer, Mr. Smeaton, no- 
ticed Mr. S. Rouse, who is respectfully 
mentioned in papers read at the Roy<d 
Society in 1759* on the Natural Powers 
of Water and Wind. He also was the 
lirst person who attempted to bring the 
bent-leaver balance into use, which will 
appear from a paper read at the Royal 
Society, June 6, 1765, as published by 
Mr. Ludlam. For this very balance, Val. 
Anschaitz and F. Scblaffs had the mo- 
desty to apply for, and did obtain, a 
patent. 

From his father, the late Mr. Row- 
land Rouse inherited little but his good 
name, for the father, like many other 
ingenious Projectors, descended to his 
grave, Jan. 14, 1775, a bankrupt, with 
a broken heart. 

Mr. Rowland Rouse possessed a very 
strong natural understanding, almost 
wholly uncultivated, except in his pro- 
fessional habits as draper and auctioneer. 
in which latter capacity he had oppor- 
tunities of collecting occasionally some 
curious articles of antiquity or vertu, 
and he possessed the character in his 
neighbourhood of a great antiqtmry. He 
had also a strong taste for the study of 
Heraldry, in which under many disad- 
vantages, he made some progress, and 
actually compiled an, xoimense volume 
on that subject, for which he expected a 
large remuneration from some adven- 
t«roas Bookseller, but (unfortunately 
for Mr. R.) such Adventurer was nevt r 
found. There is a portrait of this wor- 
thy and respectable man, ff^. ff^rigM 
pmiit'-' fVdodthorpe sculp. Mr. Rouse 
was many years a<;u* an occasional con- « 
tributor to this Magazine, on subjects 
of Heraldry. 



* See a view and account of Market 
Harborough Chapel, in 1765, vol. xxxv. 
p. 384. 

Gent. Mao. July^ 18^3. 

\2 



Mrs. Davibs. 

^prU 6. At Pentre, co. Pembroke, 
after only an hour's illness, in her 6($tb 
year, Susanna, wife of David Davies, esq. 
M. D. of that place. She was descended 
from a very ancient Welch family, being: 
the only surviving heiress of Erasmus 
Saunders, esq. of Pentre, by Jane, also 
the surviving heiress of Richard Philipps, 
esq. of Dolhaidd, co. Caermarthen, and 
of MoeMvor, co. Cardigan. The Sheriff 
for that county in 1553 was of this 
house, and from whom she was lioeally 
descended ; which estates are still in- 
herited by her family. The Saunders's^, 
her paternal family, came over with Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, and originally settled 
in Surrey, having had grants of the ma- 
nor of Sanderstead in that county, and 
held other considerable possessions in 
England ; they however subsequently 
settled in Pembrokeshire, and were at 
different periods connected by marriage 
with the first families in South Wales. 

Tlie manners of this lady were at once 
gentle, conciliating, and dignified, la 
her own family, she was perfect in the 
duties of a wife and mother, blending 
towards her children the authority of a 
parent, with the confidence of a friend. 
She was interred April i5th, at Manar-. 
divy, near the remains of her ancestors, 
followed by her disconsolate family and 
many of her relations, and accompanied, 
by the surrounding families, together 
with numbers of the poor, who had long 
partaken of her bounty. 

Mr. Robert Bowman. 
June 13. At Irthington, near Carlisle, 
in his 118th year, Mr. Robert Bowman. 
This Cumberland Patriarch was born at, 
Bridgewood Foot, a hamlet about two 
miles from Irthington, in the month of 
October 1705, in the house where his 
grandfather had resided, and where his 
father also was born, both of whom were 
brought up to husbandry. His ances- 
tors were Roman Catholics, and in the 
early part of his life he professed thai; 
religion; but many years ago he became 
a member of the Church of En gland » 
and was a constant and orderly attend-, 
ant upon Divine Worship until prevented 
by age and infirmity. From early youtk 
he had been a laborious worker, and 
was at all times healthy and strougy 
having never taken medicine nor been 
visited with any kind of illness, except 
the measles when a child, and the hopp- 
ing cough when he was above one hun- 
dred years of age. During the course 
of his long life he was only once intox- 
icated, which was at a wedding, and he 
never used tea or coffee ; his principal 

food 



90 Obituary.— iWr. K. Bowman. — Clergymev deceased. HJuly, 

food having been bread, potatoes, hasty- intellects became rather impnired. On 

puddingy broth, and occaBionally a little the 12th inst. he was seized with illness, 

flesh meat. He scarcely ever tasted ale which in fourteen hours put a period tu 

orspiritSyhischief beverage being water, h\s protracted existence. He grew 

or milk and water mixed; this abste- weaker and weaker as the day declined, 

miousness arose partly from a dislike but experienced no sickness, 

to strong liquors, but more from a sav- Mr. Bowman resided during the latter 

ing disposition. With these views his part of his life with one of his suns upon 

habits of industry and disregard of per- his own estate, and has died possessed 

sonal fatigue were extraordinary ; hav- of considerable property, the fruit of 

ing often been up for two or three nights unwearied perseverance and active in- 

in a week, particularly when bringing dustry through a longer portion of time 

home coals or lime. In his younger than usually falls to the lot of man. 

days he was rather robust, excellent in ^ 

bodily strength, and was considered a ^ 

master in the art of wrestling— an exer- CLERGY RECENTLY DECEASED, 

else to which he was particularly at- .. ,c A..r« v'j m i.* 

tacheH He was of a low stature beinff ^^ ^^' ^^ Cowbndge, Glamorganshire, 

tached. "« w" °* * ».^;^ "f ^^^^^ the Rev. Jono/Zia?* Morgan, D. D. He was 

not above 5 feet 5 niches mches i ^^ j^^^ ^^, ^^^ ^^ ^ 

height, with a large chest, well pro- needed M. A. 1773 ; R and D.D. 1779. 
portioned hmbs, and weighing about 2 ^ Sherborne, in his 58th year, 

stone. His vigor never forsook hira till ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^ ^^ 1^ 

far advanced ,11 «fe, form his » 08th year ^j^^ j^. j^, ^ j ^ ^ { 

hewalkedtoanilfroiuCarlisle (16 miles) ^ » /j^ ^ ^ cWiegation in that 

without the help of a staflF, to see the \^^^ cuub«5w.iuu w vuw 

workmen lay the foundation of Eden ^^ g^ ^^ Hampton, of ui inflamma- 

bridge. In the same year he actually tion in the bowels, agld 24. the Rev. Ciiorfes 

reaped corn, made hay, worked at hedg- j ^ g Curate of Heighington, near 

ing, and assisted in aU the labours of Lincoln, to which he was appointed by the 

the field, with apparently a? much ^^^^^^ ^^ Washingborough; He w^T tho 

energy as the stoutest of his sons. As ,. ^^^ ^f the Rev. Geo. Jepson, Pre- 

might be expected, his education was '^^^^ ^^ Lincoln Cathedral, aLd one of 

very limited ; but he possessed a consi- ^^^ ^^^^^^ yj^^^ . ^^ ^^^^.^^^ ^ ^^^^ 

derable share of natural sense, with education at Trinity College, Cambridge jwa. 

much self-denial, and passed a life of ^^^^^^ ^ Yx\A'^ orders by thelBiihop 

great regularity and prudence, without of Lincoln the preceding Sunday, after whkh 

troubling hiinself by much thought or ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^-^^^ ^^ \,^\\m. Heury 

reflection. His memory was very tena- j ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^ Hampton, whera 

Clous. He remembered the rebellion in j^g sickened and died 
17 1 5, when he was ten years of age, and ^ 30 ^t Chibcre Hall, in Shinp- 

witnessed a number of men running W, Suffolk, aged 68, the Rev. JWinPtei-. 

away from the danger. In the second ^^ t^j, respectable divme receivMl hia 

rebellion, m the year 1745, he was em- academical education at Jesus CoHice* 

ployed in cutting trenches round Car- Cambridge, where he proceeded B. A/in 

hale; but fled from his disagreeable 1776; and being classed the l«tliWnuirfer 

situation as soon as an opportunity af- on the Tripos, was in consequence thereof, 

forded for escaping. He did not marry elected Fellow. In 1779, he proceeded 

tiU he waa 50 years of age, and bis wife m. A.; in 1794, he was presented by his 

lived with him 52 years, dying in 1807, Society to the Rectory of Whatfield; and 

aged 81. In 1810 one of his brothers in 1800, to the Rectory of Stanstead. The 

died at the age of 99, and in 1818 a Rev. John Clubbe, <he witty and ingenious 

eousin died aged 95 ; another cousin is author of " the History of Wheufield," 

now living, 87 years old. He has left was once Rector of Whatfield, and to hit 

Six8on9,theyoungestofwhomis50year3 memory, Mr. Plampin erected the follow- 

of age, and the eldest 63 ; his grand- ing elegant and classical inscriptiou. It is 

children are 20 in number, and his great on a small mural tablet, in a roral temple 

grandchildren only 11. He never had in the rectorial gsrden; and the beaiOy of 

any daughters. About the year 1779 the mscription is much heiahtened by the 

he lost all his teeth, but no mark of de- bower having been formed <n the very trees 

bility appeared about his person before and shrubs which Mr. Clubbe had pUnted. 

18 Id, when he took to his bed, and never It is as follows : 
was able to use his limbs afterwards.. Johanni Clubbe, 

During the first nine years of his con- sale et ftcetiis ante omnes 

finemeiit his health and spirits continued prlmo, 

good, and he was free from corporeal cui olim hae pinus 

pain; but for the last twelve months his et ipsa haec arbusta, 

apprlm^ 



18SSJ 



Obituary.— ^^er^ymen deceased. 



dl 



Ttmk futrunt in deliciif » 
Mdem hane dioftt 
J. P. 

MDCCXCVIII. 

May 31. A([^ 63, the Rev. JViUiam 
Tysothy Curftte of Rumburgh, with St. 
Mlobael. 

June 4t In London, after a very short ill- 
nesa* Rev. JVm» Hopkins^ of Tisbury, Wilts. 
He had been the active Pastor of the Inde- 
jpeodent church in that village for many years. 

June 27 • At Whichfordy in the county 
o£ Werwick, aged 6*7) the Rev.t/o^n Yeomans, 
D. D. upwards of 30 years Rector of that 
parbh. Vicar of Horston and Horley, in the 
couDty of Oxford, and Chaplain to the Life 
Guards. He was of Wadbam College, Ox- 
ford, where he proceeded M. A. 1781 j B. 
and D.D. 1792. He was presented to the 
Rectory of Whichford in 17.92, by Mr. 
Home, and in 1811 to the united livings of 
Homton and Horley. 

Lately, At St. John's Horsleydown 
Rectory, Southwark, aged 67, universally 
resjiected and deeply lamented, the Rev. 
IVUliam Jarvis Abdy, M. A. more than 40 
years the resident Minister of that parish. 
He was of King's College, Cambridge, 
where he took his degree of M. A. in 1794 ; 
was presented to the above reetory, Dec. 6, 
1805, by his late Majesty. He was even- 
ing lecturer of St. Mary-le-bow, Cheapside. 
He published <*Tlie British Christian's 
duty to make prayers and supplications for 
the King," a sermon, 8vo. 1813. He is 
succeeded in his rectory at St* John's, 
Southwark, by his son. 

Rev. William Bullerj second son of the 
late W. BuUer, Esq. of Maidwell-hall, 
Northamptonshire. 

At his mother's house, in Marlborough- 
buildings, Bath, aged 37, the Rev. Henry 
William Cobbe, Rector of Moydon, co. 
Longford, Ireland. 

Aged 74, the Rev. John Cooper, Curate 
of Ellesmere and Hordley, Shropshire. 

Aged 82, the Rev. Edtvard Danay Vicar 
of Wroxeter cum £yton, Shropshire, to 
which h^ was appointed in 1805. 

At the Parsonage -house, immediateK 
after his return from church, in the after- 
noon, aged 36, the Rev. WiUiam Delves, 
Rector of Catsfield, Sussex, to which he 
was presented in 1813, by the Earl of Ash- 
burnham. 

At Ellesmere, aged 89, the Rev. E. Evans, 
B.A. formerly of Jesus College, Oxford, 
and Minister of Welsh Hampton and Dud- 
leston, Salop. 

Rev. AUefi Fielding, of St. Stephen's, 
Canterbury. He was the second son of 
Henry Fieldmg, esq. the most celebrated 
Novel Writer of this country ; and younger 
brother of the late Wm. fielding, esq. the 
eminent special pleader and police magis- 
trate, who died in 181.9. Mr. A. Fielding 
was of Christ Ciiurch^ Oxford, M. A. 



1800; Vicaf of Shepherd*! Well, Kent^ 
1783; of Hadington, 1787-; and Rector 
of St. Cosmas and Damien m the Bleaa, 
1803. 

Rev. James Fleteher, Vicar of Penrith, 
Cumberland, and Barton, WestmorlandL 
He was presented to the Vicarage of Barton 
in 1790, by the Earl of Lonsdale, and in 
the same year to that of Penrith, by the 
Bishop of Peterborough. He was of St. 
.John's College, Oxford; M.A. April 29, 
1790. 

At the Deanery-house, Gort, the very 
Rev. William Forster, LL.D. Dean of Kil- 
roacduagh. 

At Bishop's Hull, the Rev. Samuel 
Greathced, F. S. A. a Dissenting Minister, 
and authu2 of ** the regard which we owe 
to the concerns of others, a sermon, ad- 
dressed to the members of the Devon 
Union," 8vo. 1808. 

Tlie Rev. John Hemus, D. D. Rector of 
Padworth, Berks, and of Puttenham, Sur- 
rey, and formerly of All Souls' College, 
Oxford, where he took his degrees of M. A. 
1778; B.andD.D. 1789. He was presented 
to the living of Padworth in 1801, by the 
King ; and to that of Puttenham in 1 803, 
by the same. 

At his seat, Bowrin^Ieigh, Devon, Rev. 
Roope liberty Rector of Sto&eigh Pomeroy, 
-and Cheritou, in the same county. He was 
of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he 
took his degree of M. A. in 1798 ; was pre- 
sented to the Rectory of Stockleigh Pomeroy, 
by Dr. Courtenay, Bp. of Exeter, who like- 
wise in 1798 presented him to Cheriton 
Bishop Rectory. 

Rev. Francis Marston, Vicar of Stokesay, 
CO. Salop, to which he was presented in 
181 1, by William Smith, Esq. 

At Bombay, the Rev. G, Martin, M. A. 
one of the Chaplains to the Hon. East India 
Company, and Vicar of NessclifF, Shroj)- 
shire. He was presented to the living of 
Nesscliff in 1 800 by his late Majesty. 

At Cowbridge, the Rev. J". Morgan, D.D. 

At the Manse of Uig, Island of Lewis, 
the Rev. Hugh Mvjiro, 

Rev. Mores Neilson, D.D. aged 84, for 
56' years Minister oi Kelmore, co. Down. 
' In the Close, Norwich, aged 25, the 
Rev. Robert Partridge, 

At Netherhouse, Lesmahagow, the Rev. 
Sam, Peat, Chaplain in his Majesty's service. 

Aged 64, the Rev. Matthciv Slealer, M.A. 
of St. John's, Dublin. 

At Galston, aged 74, the Rev. George 
Smith, D. D. 

Aged 89, the Rev. Thomas Spencer, 
Vicar of Over, Cambridgeshire, and Senior 
Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
where he proceeded B.A. 1755; M.A. 
1758; and was presented in 1777 to the 
Vicarage of Over by his College. 

At Stockton-upon-Tees, aged 57, the 
Rev, John Starkey, 

^ Rev. 



92 



Obituary. 



[JQly: 



Rev. G, TaUersaU, Curale of Westbourne. 

At Stoke-Clitfiij, Hants, the Rev. O, 
milist grudson of the Right Rev. R. WU- 
Ii8> fonuerlv Bishop of Winchester. He 
was, we believe, of Merton College, Ox- 
ford, M. A. June <1, 1796. 

Rev. Wdtkm Price, of Killybebill, Per- 
petual Curate of Llangwick, and one of his 
Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the 
county of Glamorgan. He was presented 
to the Curacy of Llangwick in 1808, by J. 
H. Lloyd, esq. 

Rev. PnUiam rVhite, Rector of Tcffont 
Swias, Wilts. He was of Merton College, 
Oxford, where he took the degree of M . A. 
May 20, 1790; and was presented to the 
living of Teffont in 1799, by Thos. Mayno, 
esq. 

DEATHS. 
London and its Environs. 
Lately. In Winchester-row, New-road, 
Paddington, aged 63, John-Geo. Parkhurst, 
esq. of Catesby Abbey, Northamptonshire. 

May 30. Harriet, wife of C. Piesse, of 
Lisson-grove North, and mother of six 
children, who are left to deplore their loss. 

June 9. In Montagu-place, Russell-sq. 
aged 58, Arch. Armstrong, esq. late of the 
Island of Grenada. 

June 1 5. Eleanor, youngest dau. of Francis- 
William Sanders, esq. of Upper Montagu-st. 

June 16. In Welbeck-st. John Colby, esq. 
of F^onan, co. Pembroke, in the Commis- 
sion of the Peace for the counties of Carmar- 
then, Pembroke, and Cardigan. 

JuneiO» The wife of Robert Hillier, esq. 
Union-place, Lambeth. 

June 24. At Upper Tooting, aged 67, 
Mr. James Theobald. 

Aged 21, John, only son of John Mann, 
esq. of Harleyford-place, Kennington. 

June 26. Aged 79, James Moss, esq. of 
York-street, Gloucester-place. 

Aged 76, Geo. Jackson, esq. Kentish-town. 

June 27. In Halfmoon-street, John Alex. 
Ireland, esq. 

In £ryanston-sa. aged 21, Frances-Char- 
lotte, dau. of C. ft. and Lady S. Baylv. 

In Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-squate,rhi]ip- 
Anglin Scarlett, esq. 

June 28. Aged 82, Mr. Thos. Whitford, 
of Smithfield-bars. 

At Paddington-green, aged 8 1 , the widow, 
of John Wright, esq. 

At Kensmgton, aged 90, Stephen Day, esq. 

June 29. Sarah, wife of James Arbouin, 
esq. Brunswick-sq. 

in Pall Mall-court, the wife of R. Scott, esq. 

June 30. At Fulham, aged 82, William 
Townsend, esq. 

In Somerset-street, Portman-sq. aged 1 1 , 
Henry-Edward, son of Hon. and Rev. £. I. 
Tumour. 

July 2. Aged 87, Mary, wife of James 
Timbey, esq. of Watling-st. and of Lewisliam. 



Geo. JatB«s Millar^ R. N. eldest son of 
late Walter Miller, esq. of Hkhgate. 

July 5. In Crispin-street, opital-sq. aged 
60, James Pratt, esq. 

T. H. Cutbush, esq. 46 years of his Ma- 
jesty's Ordnance. 

In Devonshire-st. Maria-Emilia^ wife of 
H. Nassau, esq. of Oporto. 

July 6. Aged 66, William Lane, esq. of 
Ironmonger-lane. 

In Lower Brook-st. C. Freeman, esq. late 
of Hon. E. I. Company's Service at Madras. 
Mary, wife of R. Fisher, esq. of Alders- 
gate-street, and Mitcham. 

At Peckham, aged 25, Jane, wife of Lient. 
Tobias Young, R. N. 

July 8. At Brompton, aged 86, Mrs. 
Marianne Lewis. 

July 9. At Kentish-town, the wife of Mr. 
James Dancer, formerly of Fumival's-inn, 
Law Stationer. 

July 10. At Hammersmith, aged 60, W. 
Boyce, esq. only son of late Dr. W.Boyce. 

In Bryanston-sq. Anne-Elizabeth, 'miSe of 
Ralph Bemal, esq. M. P. 

July 14. In Queen Anne-street, the relict 
of the late Rev. T. Thoresby. 

Elizabeth, wife of T. Archer, esq. of Up- 
per Belgrave-place. 

July 16. In New Burlington-streety aged 
56, Andrew Mathias, esq. 

July 20. In Curzon st. aged 64, Msory^ 
sister to Sir J. Geers Cotterell, bart. M.P. 
Bedfordshire.— t/une 29. Aged 100, 
Mr. John Whitehouse, the oldest inhabitani 
in Bedford. 

July 10. At Hockliffe, Eleanor, wife of 
Rev. John Robinson. 

Berks. — July 2. At Windsor Barrseksy 
aged 46, Lieut.-Col. Beatty, C. B. 7th Royal 
Fusileers. 

Bucks. — June 25. At Amersham, aged 
80, Mrs. Anne Moody. 

July 18. At Langley Park, Lonisa» dan. 
of Sir Robert-Bateson Harvey, bart* 

Cambridgeshire.-— t/tfne 17. At Cam* 
bridge, aged 25, Frances-Amelia, wife of 
Rev. Augustus B. Henniker, and dan. of J. 
Hen. Stewart, esq. of South Ockendon, Easeic 
Cornwall.-— c/u7£e 17. Wm. Dennis, esq. 
Penzance, banker. 

June 28. Of apoplexy, on board his yaoht, 
at Penzance, Chas. Ramus, esq. aged 85. 

Devonshire. — jMtely. At Plymouth, • 
most penurious character named Hill, for- 
merly a labourer in his Majesty's Dook-jard, 
superannuated on 10/. per annum. In his 
chest were found 7S guineas, 40 half dittos 
106 sovereigns, 200/. in notes, and Si. in 
silver, with a receipt of 200/. Bank Stock. 
To such an extreme had his avarice increased^ 
that, but for the kind Attention of the peo- 
ple in whose house he lodged, be woaM have 
starved himself to death. 

June 1 0. Mr. Baskervillc, Cashier and Chief 
Clerk to the Collector of Customs, Plymouth. 
Essex.— James Houghton, esq^ solicilor, 
Halstead. July 



mm 



OwnxAmr. 




Wmitkt, 



liTSarlMiMI 
, .^Ubt-AA 

. z^HibjmatmmaM, ^M iMBften, BIr. 
Bdir.GtidhMn BMwmikmMkmSkSkmmA 
tuilfaiiwi rffliitnTtiin, iml fcr Hot* than 

40 YMIB poiMlwd^ OOnfidHMt MldiiMBa- 

0hte«f A ulUkmui Dr. JtHMT. 
Ami?. Aft BAf^ 90^ ioo» Jan** 

■ iu B f iiifti , ^C hiim ip t i r' i. 

niMUMMH iftiT 17. Aft Newport, 
UeofWIgbft, tM^ M^Bdmad O'LMiy, 
inM.0. Phfttsfan fto tke Furaes* and 
pAc^Ma«t<ilOgif,«ftAlbaf Bamicla. 

•HBRTMiDauiuk— *«Aoie 11. At Roy- 
sftmik of apnpkDijt aged 689 Riflliard Vittj, 
««i. fiirMriy a aoUeitor aft Oambridge. 

KMt.--^Jbirl4. Aft Maigate» aged 80» 
Ika widow of N. Batanaa, aaa. Capft. R. N. 

LAmaaanftr-ilifly 10. Aged e8» Jaa. 
Ifai*Mn, ea^ «C fiwMftviUa, waarMaii^ 
elteiftar* 

NoiiMiX.--Aft VkMAf tfad «6» Blea- 
■Mi, jaHeft ^ WmMuam^Vm Ward, laia 
01 Tnmdi* 

: JU^ IK • AftUa Miai'a hoMe, aft Sftif- 
JhK» €^4. Havy lidAw, GaUatnwn Ooards. 

W^iiiliWiiMWiiM' nfrnti 10. Aft Not^ 
tinglMaB, Jolm SUiolt, aM. aged 6«, in fthe 
~ ^ ' ' of.tbaFnoftloy ftbe County of 



QzfoinMHiu.— May 90. In his 18th 
y«ir, Cvf^SiariaaElwea, esq. of Biasenose 
X^bUage, ihbd son of Lieiit.-€reD. Elwes, of 
Stoks Coli^;e, Suffolk. 

SoMBRSiTSHiitx. — July 5. At a very 
adaaweed age, at Bath, whither he had been 
fomoved a slrart tine since, by order of the 
Load Ouncellor, Estconrt Creswell, esq. of 
PiMlBayFuk, Wilts, and Bilbttry-house, 
Glottoestershire. 

STAf FORDaBimK. — At Lichfield, aged 104, 
Maigaret Sargaat, the oldest inhabitant of 
thaftei^. 

8uFfOtK.^-Vime 94. At Ipswich, aged 
68, Robert FItdi, gant. singeon and apo- 



SunnEY^ — Jtme 95. At Thames Ditton, 
Candine, wife of the Rav. Wn. EUis, Rec- 
tor iof that phoe and East Moulsey. 

•/% ». At her fiither's, the Rev. P. B. 
Baatk, Rectory, Capel, aged 23, of a de- 
cline, Elizabeth-Ballingall, wife of Mr. Jo- 
seph-Carrington Ridgway. 

Sv8stz.-^ttn« 95. At the house of his 
£ulier-in-law, the Rev. Dr. Gtay, George- 
Isaac Mowbray, esq. of Yapton House. 

June 38. At East Grinstead, Mrs. Adams, 
relict of late Muer^General Adams. 

July 11. At Brighton, at his daughter's, 
Mrs. Coote Martin, aged 80, Samuel Rol- 
lesion, esq. 

WiLTSBiRE.^AtWinterbourne, aged 38, 
D. Skinner, esq. 

YoiuuiBiMad"'At Doncaster, in his 9'2d 



jaa*» JbUrGnlliaiiil* ai^ alBanhj Dhnn. 

Acad 80, Baraali^ wliimr dl ftlw lata 
(HiiSah Lai^, aaq. of WaMaUL 

JprUlb. AftPontafSraet, J.Hashy, M.D. 

A^ S6, Mr. Wm. WhHwell, of Yo^ 
silfenmitlu ^ 

Aft Slcningford Hall, near Ripon, Saaaana* 
wife of John DaltOD, esq. 

jfyrUie. In his 85th year, W.Topham, 
esq. of Middleham. 

■Aged 78, Mrs. Bumham, of Hadon. 

April 24, At Bishoprhill, aged 58> Geo. 
Hotham, .esq. fonne^ of tha .8d Foot 
Gvarda, some time sfaiee Lieut-Col. of the 
Bart York Milida, eldart son of the lato 
General Hothan, and brother of Vtca Ad- 
miral Sir William Hotham, K. C. B. 

April 95. Aged 84, Mrs. Mary Cooper, 
aunt to Mrs. Blanchard, of Hull. 

Aforil 96. Mrs. Hayes, widow of the late 

Hayes,' esq. of Ablaby HaU, near 

Kekering. 

April 98. At Cottmgfaaaa, 1^ 78» 
Mary, wife of William Lee, esq. nwrehawt, 
offifolL 

April 99. Aged 70, Hannah, wife of 
John Nayler, esq. of Belle-Vue, near Wake* 
field. 

May 1. The wife of Mr. Alderman Coul- 
son, of Hull. 

At Dale Mill House, near Suiths, 1^ 
97, Elizabeth Pioder, widow. She waa 
burnt to death by her clothes taking fire. 

May 4. Aft Scarbro', aged 89, John 
Coulson, esq. many years Collector of the 
Customs, and one of the oldest members of 
that CorporatloD. 

May 6, At Kirkella, aged 83, William* 
Huntingdon, eso. 

May 11. In ner 80th year, Mrs. Sharp, 
relict of the late C. S. B. Sharp, esq. of 
Horton, near Bradford. 

May 19. At Halifex, agedM4, Lieut. 
Col. P. Waterhouse, 81st r^t, in which he 
had served 99 years. 

May 28. At Leeds, the eldest daughter 
of late Obodiah Dawson, merchant, and niece 
of the late Rev. Benj. Dawson, IAjJ). Rec- 
tor of Burgh. 

June 1. At Pontefract, John Leatham, 
esq. banker, aged 84 ; a Member of the 
Society of Friends. — Integrity and benevo- 
lence were his peculisr cDaracteristtcs ; at 
all times cheerml and hospitable; by the 
constant practice of raaoy virtues he endear- 
ed himself to an extensive circle of firiends. 

June 6. At Gottenburgh, after a very 
short illness, Wm. Strother, esq. of Leeds. 

June 12. At her house, in Sowerby, 
near Thirsk, the relict of late Lieut.-Col. 
Brooke, 3d Dragoon Guards, and daughter 
of Rev. Samuel Drake, D. D. Rector of 
Treeton, co. York. 

Ju7ie 13. In the Minster Yard, aged 75, 
Miss Topham, daughter of F. Topham, esq. 
formerly of York, LL.D. and sister of the 
late Major Topluuu, of Wold Cottage. 

June 



94 Obituary. liuljr, 

Jwie 17. Aged 68) the Hon. G. H. Mon- June 7. At his sent uesr HolyMrell, in 
•on, formerly of the SdReg. of Drag. Ghwrdt. his 73d yetfy Thomas Thomas, esq. He 

June 33. At Bridliogton, Mr. William was a kind hushand, an indulgent parmtj 
Holtby, draper, sub-distributor of stamps and a benevolent landlord, 
for upwards of 50 years, and partner in the July 9. Aged 83, much regretted^ Mr. 

firm of Holtby and Haggit, maltsters and Joseph Jones, surgeon ; and cm July 1 1 » 

brewers for forty years, and of the firm of Elizabeth, wi^ of John Murray, M.X>. of 

Harding and Holtby, bankers. Swansea. 

July \l. Aged S3, Francis, second son Ireland. — ^Latefy. AtBallykaskers, pMuh 

of late Rev. R. Smith, Rector of Marston. of Donaghadee, in her 104th year, Jane 

July 14. Aged 87, Rich. Wilsford, esq. Niblock. Though chiefly confined to her 

of Pontefract. bed two years previous to her dissohitiofiy 

Scotland.— Irflte/^. At Hamilton, of an her other faculties were not impured in pro- 
injury from falling out of his gig, T. Fater- portion to her protracted existence, as she 
son, esq. late Paymaster of 33d reg. Foot. could relate tales of *< the olden thnes," 

At Edinburgh, Susan, daughter of late with astonishing emphasis and perspicuity. 
Major Loyd Hill, of 1st reg. Quards. At Six-mile Bridge, county Clare, at the 

March \S, At Edinburgh, a^ed 93, Ro- advanced age of 100 years, Mr. Edward 
bert Craig, esq. of Riccarton, tne last male Byrne, formerly an eminent clothier; he re- 
heir of Sir Thos. Craig, of Riccarton, the tained his faculties to the last ; his wife 
great feudal lawyer of Scotland. still survives him, and she is in her 105th 

Margaret, sister of the late A. Cockbum, year, to whom he was married nearly 80 

esq. a Baron of Exchequer for Scotland. years ; she possesses her faculties, with die 

The relict of Thos. Brisbane, esq. of Bris- exception of sight, 
bane, and daughter of Sir Michael Bruce, March 3. After a long and punful illness, 

bart. of Stenhouse. Sir Thomas Bond, hart, of Coolambery eo. 

Wales. — At Panteague Parsonage, near Longford. 
Pontypool, Monmouthshire, Hannah, wife March 36. In Dublin, aged 10 years^ 

of the Rev. J. Probert, and eldest daughter Luke- Wellington Lord Viscount Moonljoi]^, 

of the Rev. J. Roberts, late Rector of Kent- eldest son of the Earl of BlessingtoOy by hia 

church, Herefordshire. 1st wife (who died at St. Germainay m 

Suddenly, at Gorton, near Dungannon, France, Sept. 19» 1814), the relict of M»* 

aged 84, John Whiteside, esq. Five weeks jor Wm. Brown. He was bom Sept. 11> 
iuive scarcely elapsed since his marriage to a 1813. 
yoimg woman of twenty-six. March 30. At his seat. Leap GuUe^ 

At Brownslade, near Pembroke, John Kind's County, Admiral Sir Henry D*£aterra 

Mirehouse, esq. one of the Justices of the Daroy, K. C. B. 

Peace for that county, and one of the most April 3. At Carrahoney, aged 107^ Mr. 

extensive agriculturists in the Principality. Thomas Gavan. For the last 70 yeua ba 

He had the consolation of being surround- had never known illness of any kind, 
ed, in his last moments, not only by his fa- April 9. In Dublin, General T^thnm^ 

mily, but by six of his servants, three of who, while in the act of undreasing hisMelfy 

whom had lived with him upwards of forty, suddenly expired, 
and the remainder above twenty years. April 1 6. At Londonderry, in hb 77th 

April 8. Owen Jones, esq. Solicitor, of year, Wm. Lecky, esq. 
Llandilo. May SO. In Aungier-street, Dubinin at 

April^O. AtLanghame,Wm.Skyrme,esq. an advanced age, Mrs. C. I. Gore; Hi whom 

April 23. At Abergavenny, the relict of were united all the virtues of a siocMie and 

Rev. Wm. Morgan, Rector of Lanwenarth, pious Christian, with the social attribute^ of 

Monmouthshire. a cheerful and well-regulated mind. She 

April 86. At Llandilo; aged 43, Thomas had been on terms of intimate fiiendahip 

Price, esq. solicitor. with the celebrated Dean Kirwaa, and, on 

May 7. At Narberth, John-Henry Mar- his premature death, transferred her nigarda 

tin, esq. R. N. — He was, we believe, the to his infimt daughter, whom she hat ap- 

last surviving companion of Captain Cook, pointed her sole legatee, 
in his voyage round the globe. May 31 . At Tramore, Waterford, Maior 

May 1 5. Henry Jackson, esq. of Lower William Burke ; he served with fepatatum 

Sketty, Swansea. for upwards of twenty years, with toe Forcai 

May 19. At Haverfordwest, in her 71st of the East India Company, 
year, Maria-Eliza, dau. of late Rev. J. Har- Abroad. — Lately, At Paris, Mr. Nicholaa 

ries, St. Ishmael's, Carmarthenshire. Clary, formerly merchant in Marteilletf and 

May 38. At Brecon, in his 47th year, who had acquired a large fortune by com- 

James Rathbone, esq. captain and adjutant mercial speculations. Mr. Qary was Ixrotbtr 

in the Royal Brecon Militia, acd formerly to the present Queen of Sweden, and to 

Lieutenant iu the 19th reg. of Lancers. Madame Joseph Buonaparte. He constantly 

June 6. After a linr^erlng illness, Mr. refused the titles, honours, and aj^Kunf 

Job Simmons, printer, Swansea. meuts, that liad been offsred to him. 

At 






-BOX or MOBTAUTV; bom Jaw W, to Jnljr «, lS«a. 



70 76 
70 and SO 73 
lOiad 90 ts 



""Iftn-l*.. flOa/"" I J I0««1« 49 

d«l«ii<i«.twojnnold SOT f^aoudSO »9 

■- n (si>iiid40 so 

8sb 51. iprliaAril l^pwiNimMl. ^40 audio 97 

QENEftAL AVBUUIE of BBITISH CORN wUoh Bonns ImporUtioa, 

trim tha Ratunu andiag Jul} 19. 

Wim. rSabr. I 0U>. I Rt*. { Bm.. I P^i. 

- (. 1 I 1. ^. (. d t. d. .. d >. d: 

to « I M II I >4 S ,1 87 9 I 81 3 I S7 10 

. FBICB Of FU)UR, pei Sack, Julj at, SOi. to SSa 

AVSUOB PRICE of SUGAR, JdIj as, su. Bd pai ewk 

FBICE W HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, JdIj 9S. 

IbntBM. ...... ei. U SI. a& I Kant PockeU eU lOi. ta 9l, Si. 

SoMailMM ^,9L 0>. to 71. T>. SiuMx Ditto SI. is. to 7L ISi. 

EMKlXtta '..61. Sf. to 7L 10>. I En« Ditto EL lOt. to BL Oi. 

FmfaM. <m; 92. Ot. to 19i. Ot. 1 SMondi, fti. Oi. 9i. Of. 

' PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, Julj 96. 

8cJMMi'«,H^SLSJ. 3t™ira(.14j.Gd. ClOTerfi/.O!. Orf.— Whiteihapel, Hilj5M0J.0rf. 

Sun al. B(. Od. Cloicr 6^ 6s. Od.— SinithScId, Hay bl.!,s. Straw SM Di. Oif. Clovor GJ. Ot. Od. 

SMTTHHELD, Jul; as. To sink the OfFiJ— per itona of albs. 

BmT Si. Od. to 4s. Oif. I Lunb 3s. 4d. to 4i. 4d. 

Hanoi 91. Od to 41. ad. Head of Cattle at Market Jutya5 : 

V«d Ol. 4d. to 4s. 4d. Beasts 4B» Calvei 400. 

Port !i. Od. Id Si. 8d. j Shespanll Lambs. 10,970 f^gs 100. 

COALS) Jnlj as 1 Newcaatls, 36>. 3d. ta 42s. 9<f.— Sunderlsud, SSi. Od. to 431. 9d. 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow Sfli. 0,;. Yellow Ruiala 371. Od. 

SOAP, YalioweSj-MotUed 781. CurdSSj,— CANDLES, 8i. 6d. perDoi. Moulds lOi.Od. 

THE PRICES of Navioabli Cahal Shabes. Dock Stoch, Watkh Wonxs. Fih» 
IiciDfUHCE, and Ga9 LiOHT SKAH19, (to tbo a4th of Jul*, isaa), at the Office of Mr. 
H.RAIHE, (nicceuorto tbe lata Mr. Scott), Sfl, New Bridge-street, BlaeUnui, Lou- 
doD.— Otaod Tnrnli Cafial, 19991. 19j. en DIt. due asth July.— Cosentrj Cuiul, tiool. 
Dir. 44l. per annum. — BlrrninghuTi Canal, (divided Shares), SlDl, Slfit. Div. la/, pai 
annum.— Warwick and BlrmlDghim, asOf. Div. for the half-year 5i. lOi.— Warwick and 
NaplOD, aiSI. Div. for the half-jear 5/.— Neath, SIS/, with Di». 132. payable lit of An- 
gnrt and 1st of November. — Swansea, 185/. with Div. 10/. duo lit of November. — Mon- 
month, 171(. en half-year's Div. 4/. lOJ. — Grand Junction, aso/. ei half-year's Div. s/.— 
OM Union Canal, 74/. ex half-year's Div. a/.— Rochdale, S4t. Div. 3/. per annum.— Ellei- 
mero.SS/.— IUgent'*41(. IOj— TTiamej and Medway Canal, Sa/.—Portsmootli and Arun- 
del, aSL — Severn and Wye Ruilway and Canal, 3a/. ex Div. 161. for the last half-year, 
pKpb]e lat of July.- Lancaster, a7/. Div. l/l'per annum.— Worcester and Birmingham. 
SeL Div. 1(. per anaum Wilts and Berks, 6/. 6i._Keiuiet and Avon, SO/.— West In- 
dia Dock Stock, 183/. e«Div, 5(.— London Duck Stock, 118/. ex Div. a/. Ss.- Globe 
Aasuiance, 157'. ex half-year's Div. 3/. 10s.— Imperial Ditto, 111/, with Div. 5/.— Atlas 
Ditto, -51. Si.— Rock Life Assurance, 2t. ISi.— East London Water Works, lis/, ex 
half-year'iDlv. a/.— WestminitetGaa Light and Coke Company, 74/. ex Div. a/.- Lon- 
don Inititution, otigiual Sliares, ssl. — Russell Ditto, 9/. 9s. 

METEO- 



METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, by W. CARY, Strakd. 









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DAILY PRICE OF STOCKS, 

From Jam flB, to July S6, 1833, both iaeluiiiH 



RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, »nd Co. 104. Comer of Bink-buildiiigi, Coniliill. 

JOHN HICtlOL) «ND tnM, 36, rikHUiMINT )TREIT, VEtTMinTE*. 



[ 98 i 

I 

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



la axuwer to Mr. rn^imm't communiOft* hit back upon a dUK of porridge, Has it 
tion, respecting the Review of hit new fidi- licked up from him by a rat (under which 
tion of tne ** Saxon Chronicle/' which ap- fbrm Is recognized the Ftiar), who takes 
peared in p. 45 ; we assure him that we the opportunity of committing the theft, 
regret the manner in which the Reviewed In anodier, on the North side of the Chan- 
commenced the article ; and we trust that eel, is a baboon with a cowl on his head, re- 
he will not have reason to complain of the posing on a pillow, and exhibiting an enormous 
continuation of it in our present Number, swollen paunch." 

p. 148. Our object is conciliation ; and. In vol. xciii. 1. p. 588, under the head of 

as a proof of our sincerity and impartiality, « Compendium of County History," it was 

we shall insert in our next those parts of not Bishop Ken, but Dr. Richard Kidder, 

Mr. Ingram's Letter which have a reference then Bishop of Bath and Wells, who with 

to the ^inta at issue. his Lady was crushed to death in bed by 

We are much obliged to the Editor of the the fall of a stack of chimneys, during the 

** Wolverhampton Chronicle ;" who, in dreadful gale of wind in the month of No- 

adoptine that portion of the *' Compendium vember 1703. Dr. Kidder was an eminent 

of tne History of Staffordshire" which ap- ukl pious divme, formerly well known by his 

jpeared in our last, has carefhily supplied learned commentary on the five Books of 

both Corrections and Additions to the Moses. This mistake i^pears in Capper's 

Seats, which shall not be overlooked^ We Topographical Dictionary, which evidently 

invite similar reiqarks on other Counties^ as misled the compiler. 

H is intended hereafier to re-prlnt them in a W. P. says, << in p. 94 is recorded ths 

separate volume. death, at Narberth, of J. H. Martin, Esq. 

The Editor of the ** Leeds Intelligencer" R. N. That gentleman was most oerlainlj 

also has our best thanks. not on board the Endeavour, which Captain 

A Minor Correspondent, p. S86, re- Cook (then only Lieutenant in the Navy) 

Suests information about the pedigree of commanded in the first of his three voyagee* 
Lobert de Eglesfeld, Founder of Queen's Vlce-Admiral Isaac-George Manly b^;aa 
College, Oxford. He will find two or three his naval career then as a Royal Midship- 
previous generations at the begihning of man, and the now superannuated Admini 
Wood's History and Antiquities of that Isaac Smith was another more efficient Mid- 
College ; but how can any man ask questions shipman, and a little older, for he had tailed 
about' the descendants of a priest, when he in the Grenville Brig, employed in a survey 
knows that ** Figlio d'un Sacerdote" is a In North America, for a summer ortwobc- 
name of reproach and ridicule ? fore, under the same Commander's able 
J. I. says, " C. S. B. is respectfully in- conduct. Those two gentlemen have not 
formed, that the fiimily of Fust, < the same quitted life, and I suspect that a mnch va- 
whlch produced the immortal printer of lued servcnt of the late President of the 
Mentz,* as he justly observes, is not extinct Royal Society is still in being : we called 
in this country. Hiere are two grand- him James. He proved an admirable as- 
daughters of Sir Francis Fust, residing at sistant in the dangerous hours of Sir Joseph 
Hill-Court, Gloucestershire. This hct may Banks, Bart, in Batavia-road, and any suV 
be interesting to the Bihlwphilist" sequent kindness oi^ rewards could hardly be 
H. G. observes, << mention is made in the too much from his extricated master. Well 
Compendium of County History, Pkrt i. p. then, three or four of the Endeavonr't 
584, of ancient carved benches in South voyagers are yet afloat, and it is more thim 
Brent Church, co. Somerset. I cannot help probable that there are in existence at kttt 
comparing them with those of the like anti- as many from the two crews of the Retolu* 

2uity, in the parish Church of Christchorch, tion. Captain Cook's own ship ; and Adven* 

Fants. Below a number of ancient stalls ture. Captain Tobias Fumeaux's ; and Dii- 




if anyCor- 
an account 

to the inveteracy existing between the Friars of the/ve fiunous Dogs of Antiqpadty, men- 

and Monks : < Monks Sso hated Friars at tioned in the Magazine of Feb. p. 141. 

their hearts.' In the one a Friar is repre- 

sented, under the emblem of a fox, with a 

cock for hb clerk, preaching to a set of JiRRATA. 

geese, who, unconscious of the fallacy, are Vol. xciii. p. 424, 1. S6, read leaders of 

freedily listening to his deceitfitl words, the fashion. — ^P. 594, b. line 8S, fir ludiety 
n the other, a Zany, which is intended to read Indus. — P. Stj, 1. B, ttom -bottoiDy 
represent the people at large> whilst he turns read Bellum internecinum. 



THB 

6£NX$i£HAN'S MAGAZJItNB. 

. ■ ' ' "" 1 1 I II iiiip^ 

AUGUST, 1823. 



• A iK 



iTHAiM coMBnnaoATioiini. 



DbMOLITIOV of THB RoTAL PalACB AT WESTMINSTER. 

Mr. UmAV, ^vg, 14. double lancet openiDg, over which w«i 

YOUR MagaiiDC has often been inscribed a lar^r arch, the interval 

the fegister of Architbctoral between the points being pierced with 

IwoTATioif — but never did your late a circular openin|^ The windows oC 

Ipiriled contspondent, Thb Archi-i the Prince's Chamber had been naiw 

TBCT> leoord a more lamentable act of tially walled up, the openings eortaui^^ 

' dtetmctiofi, than' die one just com« and the external mouldings much de-it 

mitted m «a ,edifipe connected with faced. On taking down the vnSh, 

llie hkloiy ol.(pwEnfi^ish Kines, from however^ the original beauty of dusrooiBi 

Ihff tiiB0 of jMvard the Contessoi^ to appeared conspicuous. The mouldinigs 

the pnsait day $ I alliide to the Royal of the windows had been superbly guiI 

Maeci 4>Cl/lMmios<er. How would ^ha^ed by a line of bjlack, or paint^ 

hsiumiflrifefvd hai he lived to witness in red, green, or blue i and the reveals 

tbewMMt pioMUalgsU ornamented with %ires. T^mtnat- 

•tiie pntt of 4i» PrIrc^ pow demo- in^ the mould iiws otibe centre eastern 

Itshini^ am the, two buildinsn known wmdow were busts of a King and 

hf ibto'aaiMBof ifae Prince's Chamber^ Queen, with antient giltcoronetsTFrom 

and the CHd Ehmse of Lords. tnese specimens there is no doubt that 

T^e Prince's Chamber extended this' Chamber was once as splendidly 
East and West (about 45 feet long by gilt and painted as its companion, em- 
20 feet wide), parallel to the Painted phatically denominated, from that cir- 
Chamber* j and these two Chambers cumstance, the Painted Chamber. At 
were connected by the Old House of the North-west angle of the Prince's 
Liords, which formed a centre s, ex- Chamber was a very fine pointed door- 
tending North and South about 72 way, enriched with mouldings similar 
Ibet long by 26 wide. These three to the windows. This doorway led to 
magnificent rooms were all of the same what had originally been an open pas- 
age i but they present, however, two sage by the western wall of the Old 
interesting coeval varieties of windows. House of Lords. The Prince's Cham- 
The Prince's Chamber had originally her was formerl;^ hung with co- 
five beautiful windows on the South rious tapestry, which is minutely de- 
iide« three on the eastern^ and probably scribed by Mr. Carter, in your vol. 
as many on the western side. The lxx. p. 26?. Exterior views of the 
vindowsofthis Chamber were formed South and East sides of this.Cham- 
of segments of circles obtusely pointed, ber are engraved in Carter's *' Antient 
andconverging towards the outer wall. Architecture,*' vol. L pi. 55, and an 
80 as to form regular lancet openings ; outside view of the East end, and 
whilst those in the Old House of Lords about half of the South sjde, are given 
and Painted Chamber consisted of a in Smith's ** Westminster," p. 79. 

1 See Mr. Carter's survey of the Palace of Westminster, as it appeared in 1 800, in your 
vol. LXX. where the fine Tapestry which covered these Chambers is minutely described. Mr. 
Carter made 81 drawings of these curious specimens of Costume, which drawings, with a 
MS description, were bought at his sale, for 132. by Sir Gregory Page Tiumer, bart. The 
palace is again surveyed by Mr. Carter, in vols, lxxvii. and lxxxiv. p. 1 0. 

s The discoveries in the Painted Chamber, about four years ago, were amply and scien- 
tififldUy detailed in your vol. lxxxix. ii. p. S89-3i^2. 

3 lae exact situation of these Chambers is shown in the plan of parts of the Old Palace, 
ia Cartsr's Ancieat Architecture, vol. I. pl. 66*. 

On 



100 Demolition of the Royal Palace of H'eetmtMter, [Atig. 

On the basement story of the South Carter (vol. lxxxit. i. p. lO), to- the 

side, were three narrow windows and time of Henry the Second, 1 179 ; but 

a double entrance to the vaults, ail of it is more probably of the age of 

which have been visited by the hand Henry the Third, at the bc^nning of 

of the innovator. The three windows the 13th century. The architecture is 

were evidently 61Ied up at a more dis- of the earliest pointed form. The 

tant period than the double entrance, windows I have before described. On 

whicli is rather of a modern date i one the eastern Mrall appears originally to 

of the windows is filled with rubble, re- have been a door, at the North eiid» 

scmbling the other parts of the build- and three %vindows, looking towards 

ing, and the two other windows are the Thames ; the southernmost of 

tilled with antient brick work. At (he which had at an early period been 

western angle of the South wall, on blocked up, and a pointed door formed 

removing the buttress, a very antient very nearly under it. On taking down 

blocked -up doorway was discovered, this window, the remains of a male 

part probably of an earlier building. figure, the size of life, painted in red 

On the basement of the East end of and blue^ were distinctly visible on the 
this chamber were three windows, all North reveal ; proving that all the re- 
filled up, and a square-headed door* vcals of the windows had been painted 
way. The vault under this chamber with figures, as was the case with the 
was recently used as a wine-cellar. Painted Chamber. The western wall 

The building known by the name of this room was evidently also an 

of the Old House of Lords, will ever outer wall, as it had remaining towards 

1>e celebrated in English History, ai the South two very fine windows, and 

the scene where the notorious marks of one other, towards the North; 

" Guy Fawkes and his Companions did con- which had been stopped up at an early 

trive period, and an antient pointed door- 

To blow the King and Parliament up alive." way made under it ; there was another 

This noble room had long been the old pointed doorway at the southern 

sul^cct of many mutilations in its ar- end of this wall, near to the door at 

chitecture, particularly by the intro- the North-west corner of the Prince's 

duction of two immense chimneys and Chamber, before spoken of. 

chimney-pieces in the middle of the Hie beautiful Tapestry representing 

East and West walls ; but from the the defeat of the Spanish Armada, 

appearance of the original windows • which once ornamented these walls, 

in the w^alls of the eastern and western was, at the time of the Union with 

side, it was coeval with the Painted Ireland, removed totheOldCourtofRe- 

and Prince's Chambers*, to which it quests, now the j)resent House of LordsS. 

nearly adjoined at right angles, being The timber roof, which was of a cu- 

only divided from the former bjr a rious construction, was discovered at the 

small room about 9 feet wide, which sale of the materials, to be of chesnnty 

space had originally been, probably, and not of oak as generally supposed. 

an open Court, as a very fine window ni It was still sound, and would no doubt 

the South wall of the Painted Chamber have stood for centuries, 

opens into it. Halfway up on the East Views of the four sides of the vault* 

wall of this small room, is a fine point- ings under this room are given iir 

ed doorway, with elegant mouldings. Smith's " Westminster," p. 39 ; bul 

opening, 1 believe, into the stair-case the arches have bren altered within 

turret at the East corner of the Paint- these few years, when the cellar was 

cd Chamber. paved and uiodernizc<l, to form a s'tore- 

The erection of this Chamber is (I room for the Lords* Journals. 

think erroneously) ascribed, by Mr. Yours, &c. N. R. S. ' 

■I ■ ■ ■ — «-.i^i— 1^ 

• The form of the windows is given by Carter in " Antient Architecture," vol, I. pi. 66» 

* Mr. Hawkins, in Smith's " Westminster," says, «* The Painted Chamber is known to 
be as old as the time of Edward the Confessor." This, however, is clearly disproved l^ 
Mr. Carter, in your vol. Lxxxiv. I. p. 10. Mr. Hawkins notices fVom Howel, that ** Ed' 
ward the Confessor died in it." But though Edward died in the palace at Wastminater^ it 
was doubtless in a former building, on the same scite. In a MS. Itinerary of Simon StroeoOt 
and Hugo the Illuminator, as old as ISSSy the present Painted Chamber is evidently de» 
f jfibed (Smith's Westminster^ p. 47) ; and Sir Edward Coke, in his fourth institute, tpMltt 
(^ the ** Chamber Depeint, or St. Edward's Chamber;" but after all, it probably was 
cilled St. Edward's Chamber, from the representation of the Coronation or Edward tb^ 
Confessor, painted on its walb. This is accurately deicxibed in \oL lzxjlix. ij. p, 991. 

s Sse Gent. Mag. vol. lxx. 626 -, Lxxvii. 621, 

::-••:: Mr. 



It98.> • bmimMf^m'iltftt POan if H^mtuuiuUr. 



idi 



iSl'Sd 



\ M r. BuAv^ ' 
i^T'^BK - itjpiA' prafreit Q^^ 
'X' wminated imprpreoMat* ' bids 
ftdf tor attnilulale*Ae*ft!ir letmitiitt of 
andent arduttotm.viiieii the fidfii<' 
tode of time^ amf tbcehautt of events, 
kare hitherto •pend in tiie'Meliopo- 
Ib and ktinnmite Tiding. Icowd 
iiuiiii miijf liiiildlini I in dimrent parts 
of the iflvsnlvy' whidi lie in* mins, or 
bare heoD vtttedy destroyed^ under the 
ftJie idffA'ttiat a new me woald ren- 
der them more.beantiful, or that tfa^ 
are toooM lo be re|»ured and preserrea. 
Th^ Metropolis, is not exempt from, 
the vanitr and fcUfy of this charge ; 
bat I shall a^ present content myself 
with obsea^!ing» that a venerablis frng- 
ment of t|w honse or palace, for by the 
dignitjF df this name it has been com- 
monly reoomaxdi of 'Bishop Bonner 
in LiBunbetfi, wiiidi, within my own 
^hort m eiD O iy,, waatised as a private 
dweUinji^ aa-a^ shop under varioos 
ownenia v«rioito-in th«r trades, and 
at leitglli at a eo^^ hofd, is ^ now a 
shapeieii ipasi' of nuns*'. 
' This s t r n c tiM te was 'boilt of brick, 
bat by way of impnweinent it had 
b^n plaslefed* afterwards enlarged, 
and iti-4ndM'mnllioned windows 
dnmsify utered, and so environed 
with sheds and other slovenly struc- 
tares, that we might extend our par- 
don to the carious traveller for passing 
it unheeded. 

But not so the rapid improvements 
now going forward at Westminster; 
the commonest passenger gazes as he 
proceeds on his errand, and indicates, 
ny a lingering look, a. • an of regret at 
the extensive scene of havoc and de- 
solation before him. 

I can remember the time when re- 
lics of antient grandeur were defaced 
or levdled wim the ground with as 
nuch unconcern as we should feel, 
were half a dozen school-boys to bat- 
ter down the new porch in Old Pa- 
lace Yard ; but I nave of late years 
observed that laudable curiosity, and I 
admit sometimes idle inclination, have 
coDCTegated many persons at the scene 
of tne demolition of a venerable pile ; 
and on my entrance the other day into 
tlie uncovered area of the old House of 
Lords, I found a knot of decent look- 
ing people pronouncing encomiums on 
the " Goiiic" windows and arches, 
and warmly debating, no doubt upon 
newspaper aothority, the various pur- 
poses to which the antique room, with- 
in whose mas»y and venerable walls we 



wete then enclosed, had'beeii'Mi^fied. 
Gay Fawkes was not perriiitiedr to ci** 
cape without a blow; nor is k' won- 
derful, for these speenla\ists stood on 
the floor of the very cellar on which' 
we are kokl the hardy vaga'botid had 
assembled a vast heap of fi^ggots and 
gunpowder. 

\ But it is now time for me to scan 
and describe, and as I have freely re- 
marked on the attempts of others, I as 
freely offer the fdlowing observationt 
for the comments of better Aatiqua« -^ 
ries and more skilful critics. 

The old House of Lords, as, I in- 
formed you (vol. Lxxxix. it. 389) in 
my description of the Painted Cham- 
ber, is attached at one extremity to Uie 
Painted Chamber (with the exception of 
a passage 9 feet wide^, and at the oppo- 
site, or Southern, to tnePrince'sCham- 
ber, the whole gcoupe bein^ situated 
directly behind Mr. Wyatt's " Gothic" 
front of the present House of Lords. 
This magnificent apartment (the old 
House of Lords) is, according to the 
rough measurement I was able to 
maKc, 70 feet long, and 95 feet wide. 
A thick coat of' plaster on the upper 
pirt, and a wainscot lining on the 
lower inside, and various obstmctions 
on the outside, had almost entirely 
concealed from observation the anti- 
quity and beauty of the architecture, 
which is now completely exposed to 
view, and which in point of age and 

feneral character, is the same as the 
'ainl^ Chamber; but its windows, of 
which 'there are two on the West, and 
three on the East side, display a greater 
and more elegant variety of mouldings, 
but the form of the tracery is exactly 
similar. Vestiges of paintmg are yet 
discoverable, but of tneir subjects or 
their merit nothing can now be said. 
Two capacious but not very ancient 
fire-places appear in the side walls ; 
they have no ornaments, and are them- 
selves very unornamental. The tim- 
ber roof was lofty, and probably an- 
cient, but it was destroyed before I vi- 
sited the spot ; 'the corbel table of the 
parapet on the East side remains, but 
It is very imperfect. 

A passage, 9 feet wide, covered in 
ancient times, but originally open, in- 
tervenes between the Painted Cham- 
ber and the old House of Lords j here 
also part of the corbel cornice remains, 
and having been sheltered, its hand- 
somely carved heads are in tolerable 
preservation. 

In 



lOS Visii to an Octogenarian:' T^V 

In the Tault towards the passage are from sound principles, and the respect 

two broad and plain pointed arches, of all those whom we have long kDOfm 

and in die Nortn-east angle, a door- and reciprocally loved. Sncn is tlie 

way ; and in the sides numerous win- case with my Octogenarian Fricad 

dows, whose external arches are or Sylvavus. 

once were of the lancet shape, and This is the fifth anniveniiy riri^ 

their internal ones very broad and oh* which, in concert with a few '* Iok 

tuse. known" and highly-valued hmmh/h 

The Prince's Chamber, which ha- have just paid that excellMit old niHt 

Tock has rendered a picturesque obiect. He resides in a somewhat eleraii^ 

has very much the appearance of nav- spot— opponte Hampstead and Hi^b-i 

ing been a chapel. It has an elegant gate hills — with a dozen acres of mea* 

doorway, but no windows on the dow land before his house and ^/ay* 

North side, but there is a row of sin- den, well stocked with ]^nta and 

gle lofty windows on the South side, fruits, behind ; not quite one mUc dis- 

one at the West end, and three win- tant from Islington Church. Forto- - 

dows towards the East. Beneath is a nately the day (m this dismal moath 

vault, the walls of which it is evident, of rain!) proved to be fine. Theakj 

by a blank Norman window in the was dappled : the breeze blew geotra 

basement on the South side, and the from the South-west — and the unitoa 

striking difference in the masonry all fragrance of strawberries and miflsii* 

round, are more ancient than the su- onette, greeted us as we ooi the fint 

perstructure, but by how many years visto-view of his lawn ana ahndw. I 

It is impossible to determine. The should, however, premise, that a putt 

apartment was never groined, and if of us started at a given hour, from di£ 

the vault was not altogether built in ferent points, in oifferent vehtdes, and 

modem times, it has been entirely reached the place of rendeavooi not 

coated with brick work. quite with such celerity and p ree a ioa 

It should be obseryed, that in the as the Duke of Wellingtoa pot Ul 

solid walls of the room known as the forces in motion to march, by difierail 

old House of Lords, fragments of torus routes, to the immortal plains of ViU- 

mouldings, the relics probably of a toria. However, it was agreed thtt- 

Norman building which had occupied the dinner-hour should be aomevHWI 

the same site, are distinguishable; procrastinated} in order that Vfe iid|^ 

and, among heaps of rubbish on the arrive in good time to have a prome^ 

floor, I saw an elegantly carved frag- nade in the garden of the old geQUemnii' 

ment of tracery enriched with paint- and in that of his son-in-law^ who nh 

ing and gilding, in tolerable preserva- sides hard by. 
tion . We m ustered to the number of •mmi 

In conclusion, I cannot help re- guests. The family of Sylvannt auida' 

marking, that the extinction of such that number a round doien. Otf 

fine remains of pointed architecture as alightine from my vehicle (in whicll 

the Prince's Chamber and the old my legal friend << the Mirror for Ha* 

House of Lords, is to be deplored, on gistrates " shared the seat with me : 

one account, because with every build- note well, it was a jannf ckarmi)^ 1 

ing the Antiquary loses an example was ushered into the drawing^aooiiy 

which he cannot afford ; and on ano- though I made rather a M< for ihl 

ther, because the successors are of a Library; and after a most eofdialift» 

description ill calculated to s^pjh^ the terchange of salutations, it was 

deficiency. 3l • C* ^* posed that we should enjoy oor 



mised stroll in the garden. Ine yonq^BK 

Visit to an Octogenarian. part of the visitors were already tt 

•Mr, Urban, July 17. motion (the magisterial ** Mirror in 

THER£ are few pictures of human the number) upon the lawn: anumg 

life more pleasing to contemplate, whom I quickly discerned the Modem 

than that of Old Age gradually, but Plutarch, and the great Traders in cbt> 

conifortably, declining towards the sical and theological lore. FormjaeHl 

grave. This comfort, to be complete, I quietly brought up the rear, wid| 

must be two- fold: first, it must arise my Octagenarian Friend leaning elk nv 

from the freedom from bodily pain, and, arm, and discoursing cheerOy 00 di& 

secondly, from the possession of good ferent topics — of times and of WtfUr 

spirits and cheerful ho|)es, resulting ture gone by, or at now exutina. 



tiki] ■■ PHuHmOelegtnariai. ios 

ItiR'tlM UMBtMiii;— iha lutcr, Mb, MfMriAg. 

ttm, aad um reoiiiutiag ut of lurbtl t^qpKeau. 

an MD. Abmt, gJMtetwd the ch an y— White th« 

rmenUa nalU were concealed by tiee» of the 

nlkf I apricot, pf c h, md fig-«pecici ; 

ij.L.iji— 1 And dark, 

iwn^t BMMtli hh uiph iMf, tlM luekn %. 

It, me- So MDgs Tlioinraii. But the ihout of 

Mccd it yoaof voices wu heanl. The Octo- 

detf and KepariaD't graod-childrea were abroad. 

nl, who In fact, we noticed three or four of 

der-dect them, running, walking, or being 

■t. drawn in a cart : accompanied tn a 

grfiiendt due body-guard of nnrterj-nwdi. 

MHlantkl onr pae^ and mgcd m for- Thu* we (trolled, ate itrawbaTiee, 

nwd'. We rcadnl a greeu-botne, pattcdthechildren'acheekt, nowpraia- 

lliuiiiiii il bj the k«rea of a 70UIW and ed the weather, and now the garden, 

> aMtahins Tine. " Pbwe 600, caj till thb dihhkr wat annonnced ia 

Jte fitetM (remnked tlie Octagena- due fbrrm. I made another eSbrt fin 



<$Bt U tba Tinrt,. 1 
tfMca off Tnisi 



next year, the anaoance of din 

d tht* even into that peaceful Hnmtl To 

''nly." retiu, or tarry longer, were fraitlcM: 

-but, and M we marched, a proceaioa of 



re I twelve, into a wdl>f>rapMtioiMddi 






Imutt- 
sUentiy 



wl^ furnished dinner. I MOn rocogniKd 

miee- my friend the cucumber, in the wako 

toiMj, of the turboL Bot it were equally 

r thu rude and profitless to describe a dinner 

ed of — supplied by the hand of hospitality, 

■he fruits Of fawMPK vine, during that and demolished by hungiy stomachs, 

Kvalring period, sure I am that he andgralefulheaTlB. TheRhenish wine, 

irill partake of other fruits not less in two poplar-shaped bottles, did not 

ddicioos in flavour, and salutary in fail to allay thirst and excite applause. 

cbcti." There was comfort in that 'Twas the savines of the last cleat 

Mftaetiii^ thought; and so we strolled drippings from ine Heidelberg Tun. 

mA goaufnKd on, till we joined the Senipronius loved the Madeira, and 

. |1mIiii» 01 ODr friends. On quitting the Modern Plutarch cleaved to the 

iIm OcatOflBtiaTian's garden, wa entered Sherry. There was variety for all Castes, 

thit of lua son-in-uiw. It was more aud moro than a suEciency for all 

■priooa, and stocked with a greater cravings. 

WH^ cf fruits. The strawberry, of Tlie Daughters, and the Sod, and the 

tajuui specie*, blushed here: the tasp- Son-in-law, and the Grandson, of the 

\ntf icddened there: gooseberries. Octogenarian, all mingled ir '' 



ffl^i 



ihui the largest pearls " in an all quaffed the juice of the vine (but 

'scar,'* hung down in crimson not of that in ihe garden)) were alt 

gbbules, bythesideof a well- merry, and yet sober and wise. Such 

i^Dmea path. Here, the ripening a day of joyance is not of ordinary oc- 

STants shewed their ruby or amber currence. And how fared the Octo- 

dnsten: there, again, grew the ttately oeharmn? As gay ai the gayest — 

anidloke, and the up-rising celery, as hearty as the heartiest — as happy as 

Heanwhile, the full-flowered cauli- the happiest: complaining only that 

r lewer, the Knight-pea, of Brobdignu- he could not exacllu see when the 

[ ^ altilnde, the Windsor-bean, be- juice of tlie grape had reached ^e 

' girt by the incipient kidney — each and brim of the glass. But what signifies 

ill leemed clad in full luxuriance, and this dimness of sight, when one thinks 

giriag promise of plenteous fare. Nor of that perfection of inlellcctuat vision 

M the daintier fruits of melon and which all his friends acknowledge it ia 

eoeimiber omiltedt fbr here they were hit happiness to enjay ? 

. -^he former, banting their rocky in- The 



104 Fisit to an Octogenarian. — Antieni Anetdotes^'^Etymologyi {Aof « 

The shades of night Were now. how- 
ever, falling apace : 

(Majoretqae cadunt altit de montibus um- 
bras.) 



In the year of Rome 509, two mar- 
ried ladies, Publicia and Licinia* hat* 
ing poisoned their husbands, were pri- 
vately strangled by order of their rela- 
Astrinffof Jarvies enfiladed the door- ?!:.!?' ^^^^^Ji' any application to public 



way. We had our coffee and tea : ex- ^ ^uCf' \\P.\ ' i? • 

changed fair words with our fair com- J^f^ ?f l*."*^. Tu^''''^' ^''J" 

panions: talked over the too swiftly- SJf'^""' ^'*"*/'^| ^'l* ?'/!? ?*^^' 

Sown revelries: planned another A k- ^°' ^^^^ ^ ^'«^^y ^"''"^ *« *»» 

NivERSARY viiJiT-and at half.past ^»e of wme: nor was an;ri>er80o found 

ten precisely took our departures^Lt ftVde^J/oJKLt ^ 

him for it, — Lib, 6, 3, 9. 

Sulpicius Gallus divorced his wife, 
for having appeared in public with her 
head uncovered. — Lib. 6,3, 10. 

Antistius Vetus also repudiated his 
partner, because he had seen her in 
the street in private conversation 
a woman of infamous character. 
6,3,11. 

Sempronius Sophus likewise dis- 



** ■ ■ for fireth woods and pastures new." 

No :— ere the clock struck twelve, we 
were all (with one exception) immured 
within the walls of London, about io 
repose on mattrass-mounted beds : for, 
in the month of July, I do contend 
that the bed should succumb to the 
mattrass. And how sinks to repose 
the Father and Son ? I hear, in the 



iiaiea nis 

n her in i 

tion with J 

er. — Lib, 1 



prayers of the former, the language of solved the conjugal tie, because hit 
Thomson : wife had ^one to see the public games 



** Father of light and life, thou good 

Supreme T [s elf ! " 

Oh teach me what is good, teach me Thy. 

and in those of the latter, something 
that reminds me of the filial piety of 
Pope: 

'* Me let the tender office long engage. 
To rock the cradle of reposing age ; 



without his knowledge. — Lib. 6, 3, If. 
(To be continued J 

Mr. Urban, Jug. 5. 

IN answer to " P. C' Cm your Sup- 
plement, p. 601) I merely refer 
him to the humbler certainty of Aint- 
worth*s Dictionary, and botanical 
truths ; to which I refer htm for 



With lenient arts extend a Father's breath, « Narc'issus," and the quotations there 
Make languor smile, and smooth the bed of diffused ; and to '' Ainsworth" afio. 
death. _ _ - 



Yours, &c. Capricornus. 



for the derivation of *' Lupin us ;' there 
is mii/e "Xusrn" itself. Mr. "P.Ct^ j 
is in fault in his censure, for had the 
word been derived from AOT«nfe$^ the 
first syllable must have been spelt in 
the l^tin " lou," or " lcu,'» in diph- 
thong ; or at least must have been loQg 
in quantity ; a false one Viiigil never 
committed^ or ever disregarded a true 




Ancient Anecdotes, Sfc. 
Jrom Valerius Maximus, 
by Dr. Carey, West Square. 
(Continued from Part I. p. 604 .J . 

THE following examples of Roman 
seventy against females are worthy 
of notice. — About the year of Rome 
567, the worship of' Bacchus — a new 
religion, recently introduced into the distant aera lupinis** (alluding pgrffpt 
city — beln^ used as a cloak for the to a discrimination not unlike that at 
most abommable lewdness, and a dark the Critic) ; and in another line (appli- 
confcderacy of crime ; the Senate cable perhaps in more senses than one) 
ordered the consuls to inquire into the " bona tu perdasq' lupinis.** Mr. 
business ; and these, having found " P. C' no aoubt ought to hao€ some 
several ladies guilty of the nefarious critical knowledge, for at all events 1m 
practices of theBacchanalians *, caused makes a great deal more than he quotes. 

As to ** amaranthus," I oan refer 
him once more to ** Ainsworth*s Die* 
tionary,*' and the quotation therein re- 
ferred to from Ovid ; and also to the 
attentive perusal of the former aothoFt 
before he assumes the severity of the 
critic. R. TuxYXLTAarr 

Mr. 



them all to be privately put to death 
by their own relatives. — Lib. 6^, 3, 7. 

* See the detailed and shocking account, 
given by Livy, of the rise, progress, and 
detestable deeds of that maleficent and dan- 
gerous sect.— Lt^. 39, tapp, 8, 9» &e. to 19. 



18^3.] 



The Leasowes.-^llislory of Staffordshire, 



M r. U R B A N, Shrewshury, June 24. 

THK inclosed drawing is a view of 
The Leas owes, as it apjK'ared 
in the time of the late iMr. Shcnslone, 
and as there is not any engraved view 
of it, in that state, 1 am induced to 
consign this to your care, not dinibt- 
ing but many will be much pleased 
\v i til the ropresentation. (See Plate I. ) 
Dr. Johnson insinuates that tlic 
Poet's House was mean^ and much 
negiecled, which was not by any 
means correct ; for, as his friend Graves 
observes, ''There \Vas the same ge- 
nius discoi'eFed in improving his house 
as in whatever else he undertook ; for 
he often made liis operators pcjform 
what they repieseuted as impractica- 
ble.'^ He gave his hall a considerable 
niairnifioenoe, by sinking the floor, and 
giving it an altitude of 12 feet, instead 
of nine. 8y bis own gpod taste and 
mechanical skill, he acquired several 
very re9pcctiij>le, if not elegant rooms, 
from a flo^eie farm house, of diminu- 
tive dimensions. Several of the nioiiis 
were fidibd op in the Gotliic style, in 
which he evinced great taste ; and one 
was fMiinted to imitate trellis- work, 
overhung with hazel-trees, &c. This 
room produced the following anecdote. 
Mr. Baskerville, who was intimate with 
Shenstoife; oiue day took his friend Dr. 
S— ■ — 11 to see the Leasowes. After 



105 

admiring the tasteful disposition of the 
grounds, Mr.Shenstonc conducted them 
luto the house to take some refreshment, 
xvhich was pre|)arcd in the room al- 
luded to. " How admirably this a|>art- 
ment is fitted up," exclaimed Dr. S-—. 
" Those surely cannot be artificial 
(pointing to one of the painted walls :> 
— they must be real hazel-nuts." — 
" JVail-nuls, if you please," replied 
Mr. B. drily. For once the sombre 
countenance of Shenstone disappeared, 
and, after various efforts to suppress a 
smile, he at length left the room in a 
complete laugh ; and was not less pleas- 
ed, on his return, at Dr. S.'s elegantly 
concluding the convciBation, by say- 
ing, "Whatever the nuts may be, this 
I am sure of, that I may here exclaim 
■with Voltaire — *I1 n'y est jamais une 
annde sans printcmps, un printemps 
sans fleurs*.* 

The house remained till 1 766, when 
it was entirely demolished, and the 
present charncleristic mansion erected 
by Edward Horiic, Ksq. the then pos- 
sessor. 

The ruinaied Prion/, on the left, 
was erected by Mr. Shenstone, mid 
one apartment fitted up with the arms 
of his friends, on Gothic shields, and 
decorated with various antique reliqucs. 

Yours, 8^c. I). Parkfi;. 



COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY. 



STAFFORDSHI R E. 

( Continued from p. ^T.) 

" The Earl (Nevil Earl of Salisbury) , 
So hungry in revenge, there roade a rav'uous spoil ; 
There Dutton, Dittton kills : a Done doth kill a Done : 
K Booth, a Booth : a Leigh, by Leigh is overthrown : 
A Venables against a Venables doth stand : 
A Trontbeek iightcth witli a Trout})eck hand to hand : 
There Mdineux doth make a Molineux to die ; 
And £^.>rton the strength of Egerton doth try." 

Drayton's desci iptioji of the Battle of Blare Heath. 

HISTORY. 

286. In a field "called " Christian field," at Stichbrook, near Lichfield, is sup- 

posed to have occurred the dreadful massacre of several thousand Christians 

under Dioclesian. 
705. A iKittle was fouj^ht near Maer, between Kcnrcd King of Mercia, and 

Osrid Kine of Norlhumbria. 
716. Ceolrid King of Mercia, invaded by Ina King of the West Saxons, at 

which time he erecte<> Bonebury fortress. 
826. Kenelin Kins; of Mercia murdered in a field, now called Cowbach, at 

Clent, by order of his elder sister Quendrida. 
895. The Danes came up the Severn as far as Bridgnorth, and committed 

great ravages on the coast of tliis county. 
Cent. Mao. .^ws?n/, 18-23. ' 91O. A 

Q 



106 Compendium of Counijf H'uiorif. — Staffordshire, [Aug, 

910. A battle was fought at Tettenhall between the Oanei and Edward the 
Elder, in which the Saxons were victorious. Henry of Huntingdon relater 
it as so horrible and sanguinary, as no language can sufficiently describe.^— 
The Northumbrians were surprized into a fixed battle at Wedneslield bythe 
Saxons, and were defeated with the slaughter of many thousand men. Two 
of their kings fell, Halfden and Eowils, the brother of the celebrated Hin- 
guar, and many earls and officers. The Saxons sung hymns on the victory. 

9S4. The ceremony of the marriage between Sigtr^s, the son of Ivar. to the 
sister of Athelstan, was celebrated with great magnificence at Tamworth. 

94 1. Anlaf, the Northumbrian Prince, assaulted Tamworth. 

1176. Dudley Castle demolished as a punishment for Paganel being in rebel* 
lion with Prince Henry. 

1265. Burton nearly burnt to the ground. 

1322. Tutbury castle seized by the Crown, on account of the rebeUion of 
Thomas Earl of Lancaster against Edward II. — Thomas Earl of Lancaater 
defeated at Burton, pursued to Pontefract, taken prisoner and beheaded. ■ 

1397. Richardll.connned in Lichfield castle. The Christmas before he kepihere. 

1459. At Blore Heath was fought a desperate battle between the houaet 
of York and Lancaster ; in which Lord Audley, the commander of Henry's 
forces, was slain ; as were nearly most all of the Cheshiremen. 

1575. Queen Elizabeth visited Lichfield, Chartley, Stafford, and Chillington. 

1617, Gerard*8 Bromley, Tixall, and Hore-cross, visited by King James; who 
was at Tamworth in 1619, and at Whichnor in 1621 and l6S4. 

1G40. Mr. Pitt of Wolverhampton endeavoured to bribe Capt. Tothall, Go* 
vcrnor of Rushall, to betray tne Garrison for 2,000/. but tne Captain <lt8- 
covercd the treachery, for which Mr. Pitt suffered. 

1643. Stafford C/astle taken from the Royalists by Sir Wm. Brereton, the Pte- 
liamentarian General, and soon after demolished. — Keel Hoose ordered .to be 
demolished by Capt. Barbar's soldiers. — Upon St. Amon's Heath, under 
Beacon Hill (which is remarkable for a vast collection of stones on its siiOH 
mit) a sharp action was fought between a party of Royalists, under the Earl 
of Northampton, and the Parliamentarians, under Sir J. Gell and Sir W. 
Brereton ; in which the EarKs horse being shot under him, he was sur* 
rounded and slain. — Eccleshall Castle besieced by Brereton, who defeatnl 
('ol. Hastings (who attempted to relieve it), killing and taking 200 horse.*- 
Lichfield close was besigcd by Lord Brook, who lost his life in the attempt 1 
but it was immediately after given up to Sir J. Gell, who was soon obliged 
to give it up to Prince Rupert. 

16*44. Dudley Castle besiesed by the Parliamentarians, when, after a resistance 
of three weeks, it was relieved (June 11) by some of the King's forces from 
Worcester. The rebels left 100 men dead in the field; and 2M^or8; 2Capts« 
3 Lieuts. and 50 privates, were taken prisoners. — Stourton Castle surren- 
dered to the Kin^.— Capt. Stone marched (Feb. 14) against PatteshuU Hoase, 
which had a Popish garrison, and was strongly fortified, taking advantage of 
the drawbridge beiiig down, surprised the centinels, fell on the garrison, 
killed many, took Mr. Astle the Governor, 2 Jesuits, and 60 more prisoncti. 
— Col. Bagot attacked by the Parliamentarians at Lord PSget's Maixnr-hoaie, 
near Burton-upon-Trent, but without success, for CoL Bagot attacked them 
so bravely, that he made them fly. He pursued and killed of them enough 
to fill 1 6 carts. 

1646. Dudley Castle surrendered to Sir Wm. Brereton by Col. Levesonlhe 
Governor, (or the King. — Tutbury Castle reduced to ruins Sy the Parliamenta* 
rians. — When the Kina's affairs were totally ruined, Lichfield Close sorrenderiMi. 

166 1. By authority of the Rump, Lichfield Cathedral was resolved to bade* 
stroyed 1 which was commenced, but not finished. 

1745. William Duke of Cumberland drew up his army on a large tract of 
ground called Stonefield, near Stone, in daily expectation of an engsgenent 
with the forces of the Pretender. 

EMINENT NATIVES. 

Allen, Thomas, celctratHi irAthematkisB, Uttoxster^ 1549. 
Anson, Lord Georue, ctrcumnsvif^tor, Hugboroogh, 1097. 



1893.] Compendium of County Hiitory. '^Staffordshire, 107 

Asheburn, Thoma8> zetlotis opMifeot'of Wickcliffe, StaiFord. 

AsHMOLE, Elias, slcUled Vok Cnemistry, Antiquities, Heraldrv, M«thefMtici, and what 
not? Lichfield, Ifil 7. 

» Simeon, nonconformist divine (died 1663). 

AsTtc, ThomaS) antiquary, Yoxall, 17S5. 

Audlej, Ednnndj Bishop of Rochester, Hereford, and Salisbury. 
' Lord James, distinguished warrior, Heleigh, 1314. 

Basset, Wm. Juslace of the Common Pleas, 18 Edw. IH. 

Blake, Thomni, Puritan and Parliamentarian, 1597. 

Browke, Isaac Ha¥7KINS, elegant poet, Burton-upon-Trent, 1705-6. 

BuCKERiDOS, Theophilus, antiquary and learned writer, Lichfield, 1724. 

Butt, George, dramatic writer, Lichfield, 1741. 

XIaldwall, Richard, celebrated physician, 1513. 

Camden, Sampson, father of the learned author id << Magna Britannia." 

CoTTOK, Charles, celebrated poet, Beresford, 1630. 

Degge, Sir Simon, Kt. civilian and antiquary, Uttoxeter, 1612. 

Dillra, Thomas, dramatic writer, Lichfield, about 1699. 

Doody, Samuel, ingenious botanist (died 1706). 

Erdeswicke, Sampson, genealogist, and historian of his native County, Sandon (d. 1603). 

Erdinton, Giles, *^ Justice in the Court at Westminster," temp. Henry HL 

Fenner, William, theological writer (died 1640). 

Fenton, Elijah, poet, contemporary with Pope and Shelton, near Newcastle, 1683. 

Fitzheibert, Tlios. jearned writer and advocate of Mary Queen of Seots, Stafford (flou- 
rished 16th cent.) 

Floyer, Sir John, eminent physician, Hintcrs, 1 649. 

Gardner, Lord, celebrated adroiral, Uttoxeter, 1742. 

Giffiurd, William, Archbishop of Rheims (dl^d 1629). 

Goodwin, John, the celebrated Armlnian, Newcastle, 1593. 

^y, Thomas, founder of Guy's Hospital Southwark, Tamworth. 

Hammersley, Sir Hugh, Lord Mayor of London In 1627» Stafford. 

Harvey, Sir James, Lord Mayor of London in 1581, Cottwalton. 

Hillary, Roger, Justice of Common Pleas. 

HuRD, Richard, eminent and accomplished Bishop of Worcester, Congrevc, 1730. 

James, Dr. Robert, inventor of the Fever Powders, bearing his name, Klnverton, 1703. 

Jenyns, Sir Stephen, Lord Mayor of London in 1508, Wolverhampton. 

Jervis, Earl oF' St. Vincent, most celebrated admiral, Meaford Hall, 1734. 

Jesson, Thomas, a poor priest, Tettenhall. 

Johnson, Samuel, Critic, Poet, Biographer, Moralist, and Lexicographer, Lichfield, 1 709, 

King, Gr^ory, herald, and political economist. 

Lichfield, William de, Divine, Lichfield (died 1447). 

LiGHTFOOT, Dr. John, leumed divine, one of the persons who completed the << Polyglott 
Bible," Stoke-upon-Treut, 1602. 
I. u. — Thomas, divine, and fiidier of the learned Dr. J. Lightfuot, Shelton (died 1 658) . 

Latttleton, Thomas, celebrated judge, temp. Henry VI. 

Meadowcroft, Rev. R. critic and aunotator on Milton, 1697. 

Minors, Wm. Seaman ; he went eleven times to the East Indies and back, Uttoxeter. 

Mountfort, Wm. dramatic writer and actor, 1659. 

Newton, Thomas, Bishop of Bristol, and author of the '' Dissertations on the Prophecies," 
Lichfield, 1703. 

Noel, Martin, benefactor, Stafford. 

Piiget, William Lord, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Wednesbury (died 1564). 

Parker, Lord Chief Baron, Parkhall. 

Parsons, William, gigantic porter of James I. West Bromwich. 

Patteshull, Hugh de. Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry from 1340 to 1243, Patteshull. 

I I Martin de. Justice in the Courts at Westminster, 2 Henry III. 

Pipe, Sir Richard, Lord Mayor of London in 1578, Wolverhsmpton. 

Pole, Reginald, Cardinal, Abp. of Canterbury, Stourton castle, 1 500. 

Rider, Sir William, Lord Mayor of London in 1600, Mucclestone. 

Robins, John, mathematician (died 1558). 

Salt, Henry, esq. Consul-general in Egypt, Lichfield. 

Shareshull, William de. Justice of the Common Pleas, 12 Edwr. III. 

Shaw, Rev. Stebbing, historian of his native County, Stone, 1762. 

Sheldon, Gilbert, Abp. of Canterbury, Stanton, 1598. 

Shereboume, Robert, Bishop of Chichester, Rolleston. 

Slaneyj Sir Stephen, Lord Mayor of London In 1595, Mitton. 

Small ridge, George, Bishop of Bristol, Lichfield, 1666. 

5Umerville, Mr. poet, Wolscley, 1675. 

Stafford, 



IW 



St^ordshke, — Giamargmuhhre, in I60S. 



[Ai*.* 



Su£FonI, Edmund, Abp. of Yofk» And Ghaaeallot of £M|kyMl» Stafford (ditd 1419). 

John, hittoriaa and Fraiebcan finar» Stafibid (floorisbed 1 4th cenL) 

Stony well, Jolm, a man of learning. Abbot of Penhore> Stony well (dM I $68). 

•■ S. T. P. Stonywell (died I6|8). 

Taylor, John, builder of Barton Church, Barton. 

Walton, Isaac, celebrated angler, Stafford* 16934 

Wedgwood, Josiah, the ingenious potter, 1731. 

Whittington, Robert, grammarian, Lvhfield (flourished 1680). 

Wilkes, Kichard, MJ). ingenious and industrious antk|uarjr (died 17^)> 

Wittenhall, Edward, Bishop of Cork, Tixall (died 1713). 

Wolferstan, Samuel Pipe, eminent antiquary, Stratfold, 18.... 

Wollaston, William, a distinguished philosophical writer, Coton Qanfordy 1 669* 

Wyatt, James, eminent arehitect, Burton, 1748. 

Wyrlby, William, author of <' the True Use of Armory," 8ce. 1674. 

(To be continued,) S. T. - 



OWEN'S ACCOUNT OF WALES IN l602. 



GLAMORGANSHIRE. 

Hundreds, 10. — Castles, A^.-^Parish Churches, 118. — Fe^rs in the fear^ 25. 
Chief Lordships, 10.— -Sainghenith, MUkin Ognor, Glyn, Bolkny^ Gower, 

Kilsay, Tallyvaw, Lantwy, Lantrisaint, Neath. 
Market Towns, 4.— Cardiff, Cowbridge, Neath, Swansea. 
Forests and Chases, % — Cocdaelh, Coedphranih. 
Parks, g. — Margan, Weny, 2, 3, St. Donats, Coed, Marthan, LAntabor, Rlulir» 

the Pille, Lanvenio. 
Ports and Havens, 10. — Coean Pille, Silly, Barry, Swansea, Newton, Mottage, 

Aberavon, Neath, MumWes-Potreynon, Burrey. 
Chief Rivers, 10. — Loughor, Tawey, Neath, Avon, Taf>», Agmor, Eweftn}, 

Thawan, Lay, Romney. 
Bishop's See, I ; Landaff. — Abbeys, 2 -, Neath, Margam. — Priories, i ; &wenuj. 

— Friery, 1 j CaerdijET. — Wardenshtp, 1 j Swansey.— Gunnery, 0. 



{ 



Crenerosi, 
Edward Stradling, Miles. 

WUliam Herbert, MUes. 

Thomas Mansell, Miles. 

3Bdwird Lewis. 
Henry Matthew. 
Thomas Carn. 
Richard Basset. 
Anthony Mansel. 
Leyson Evans. 
WUliam Matthew. 
Edward Kemes. 
Robert Thomas. 
Robert Thomas. 
William Price. 
Henry Matthew. 
Jenkin Furbill. 
Walter Williams. 
Henry Mansell. 
Edward Pritchard. 
Edward Matthew. 
— Fleming. 

Van. 

— — - Beaudrip. 

G. Giles. 

' Bolton. 

Patria. — Soil. Most of it very fertile. — Gentlemen, Many Gentlemen of great 
livings.— P£f>;;/c. Very tall and populous; impatient of injuries, and therefoit 

often 



Mami/ones, 
St. Donats. 

Caerdiff, Swansea. < 

Margam, Oxwich. 

Van CaerdiiF. 

Radir Caerdiff. 

Wenny. 

Bewper. 

Lantrllhed. 

Neath. 

Landafle. 

Keven, Mabley. 

Lanvihangel. 

Brigan. 

Lansaivel. 

Penlvnn. 
Gelligaer. 
Jiandewey. 
Blaencayeth. 

Flymstone. 



Crofton. 



XJxOTtS, 

rU. Edwsrdi Gage, MllHia. 
Griffith, 1st.; Mary Barfcte^, fid. ; 

Aubrey, dd. 
Fil. Dom. Mordautit. 
Fil. Dom. Powle. 
FlI. Thomas Morgan da MiehiH. 

Fd. et Hseres Tho. Boi^ytr. 
F. and H. Jo. Tho. 
Margaret Herbert. 



Fil. Fleinbg. 

Kath. Hopkios. 
Cecilia Herbert. 
Dorothy Newton. 



often quarrely with great o o t ra g ff L * ThefUmi some farts too common. Great 

troops of retainers follow eveiy ^allesoaik 
Towns, — ^Cardiff, the fairest town m Wtffefl^ but not the richest. Cambridge, 

and Pontvaine, little towns in the midst of the shive^ anood for their bigness. 

Swansea, pret^ town, and good ; much freqilCBted by flipping. The rest of 

the towns poor, and much decayed. 
Glamorganshire, long, from Wormshead to Rtittmeyjoxta Keren mabley, 39 miles. 

Broad, from Newton Nottage to Aberputgum, 14 miles. 
Containeth square miles, 448. 

BRECKNOCKSHIftE. 

Hundreds, 6. — Castles, I6. — Pairs in the year, 10. 

P&rks, ^, Henoyd, Porthamal. 

Mathet Towns, 4. — Brecon, Hay, Buelht, Crayhowell. 

CMef Lordships, 8.--Brecon, S. Membries, Buelht, Hay Tretower, Penkelby,; 

Landewey, Cantricelly, Creighowell. 
Chief Rivers, 8.— Wye, IJsk, Llyfni, Irvon, Groyney, Hadhney, Uskirbran. 
Chie/ Mountains, S.^Banny, Manochdony, Crowney. 
Forests and Great Woods, 2. — Forest y Brennin, Devinnog. 
Priori/, 1 ; Brecon. — Monasteries, O.-^-'Collegiate Church, 1 j B^econ.-^FnVry. 



Generosim 
Do.DavidWtlliamsiMiles. 

Dom. John Games, Miles. 

Dom.Edw. Aubrey, Miles. 

William Vaughan. 

John Price. 
Howell Gwinn. 
William Watklns. 
Roger Williams. 
Charles Wideot« 
Roger Vaughan. 
John Games. 
Richard Herbert. 
William Walbeif. 
Riscus ap RiddVch. 
John Games, Coronator. 

William Vaughan. 

WUliam Powell. 
Roger Havard. 
Thomas Gunter. 
William Herbert. 
William Solers. 



Mansioftes, 
Ghremwett. 



Newton. 
Abetcundrig, 

Fretower. 



Aberbrane. 



Brecknock. 

xrecastle. 

Langorse. 

Park. 

Buelht. 

Merthyr. 

Aberbnine, Penderrin. 

Penkelly. 

Lanhamlscb. 

BughKn. 

Trevecca. 

Castlemaddook. 

Pontywall. 

Gillstone. 

Criokhowell. 

Porthamal. 



Uxores, 

Margtitet, fil. John Chtttes. 

Fil. — ^ Gwmn, Trecsstle. 

Fil. Meredith Games. 

Fd.et coheir, Wm«Havard,of Brecon. 

1st. Fil. Thomas de Lowes. 2d.; 
Francisca, fil. Thomas Somer- 
set, mllitis. 

Elizabeth Crames, of Aberbrane. 

F. ct cohier. -r— Boyle. 

F. et bsers. Lud. Howard. 

Fil. John Games, of Aberbrane. 

EIlz. Grames of Newtdn. 

Sybilla Garner, of Aberbrane. 

fil. Do. Edward Aubrey^ Militls. 

Fil. Edwsrd Games. 

Katherlne Games, df Aberbrane. 

Fn. D'ni. Evans de Neath. 

1. a Northern Woman. 

2. Fil. Mered. Thomas, of Brecon. 
8. ill. Roger Vai^haik. 

Fil. Gr. Gefferies, of Glym. . 1 
Fil. et cob. Wm. Vaughan de Chase* 
Elenor fil. Wm. Lewis. 
FiL — — Aubrey. 
Fil. Edw. Games. 

not tall, or personable; 



Patria. — Soil, partly good land.— P*<ip/tf, in general 

unruly. Thefts abounding, too many retainers. 
Towns, — ^Brecknock, a big town, fair built, but evil for entertainment and not 

very rich. Other towns poor. 
Brecknockshire, long from Claerwen to Langroyne, 34 miles. Broad, froni 

Ysbrudgunlass to Wye juxta Crickaderny 24 miles. 
Containeth square miles 5^3. 

FLY LEAVES.— No. XIV. 

Geoffery Chaucer, 

THE Fly Leaf of an imperfect copy of Chaucer's Works, that belonged to 
the late antiquary Richard Gough, Esq. had the following quaint inscrip- 
tion, with the imposing effect of being written in the black letter character. 

Knowe ye all wightes'y^ on my leeves doe looke 

Of Maister WiHiam Shenstone whylome was I y* boke 

But 



no Fly Leaves.'-^Chaucer, Thomoi Churchy ard^ Samuel Ehmiel. [Aug. 

Bat syni to Dim Orcos nows he is ygone 
Ryzard of Englefield doeth me owne. 
Tnus goe I through all Regiount : 
Eft chauBge I my Mantiouni : 
Ah me y< I have loste 
Some Leeves to my coste : 
Yet of me eooughe remayoeth 
To delyghte him y^ compUyneth, 
For Love or for Uespyte, 
By day or hy nyghte. 
In y< yeere of yc Incamacyon mccdlxiv. — ^R. G[ou6h]. 

Thomas Churchyard, 

At what particular period these verses of our Court |K>et were written, is not 
certain. Tney might have been addressed to the Earl of Leicester iairaediately 
after the receival of Queen Elizabeth at Ken il worth, as by describing the people 
desirous to *' mark what end would come" thereof, we may conclude it was an 
expected public interview, and when that nobleman moved in the zenith of 
favouritism. From an old MS. penes me, 

ypon the Receaving the Quene, made to the Erie qf Ley eester. 
I aawe the strayning hande receave the welcoorade geatt, 
Whose trembling blood in firindly £Ace, his inward joy exprest : \ 

Yea, sure the abamefut smiles, that mantle redd did shrowde. 
Made sundry thinke ther sate by happ, a Goddeste in a clowde. 
And therwiUi all me thought the yeldlng lookes did speake, 
As thoughe som flames of fixed faith shuld out of fnrni|s breake ; 
To showe the hidden heat, that parte did harbor still. 
For lack of calmy quiet thoughts, and want of wishes will. 
The people stoode and markte, what ende wold com of this, 
And commen bruite said : these good signes wiU breed a further hUste, 
But envy thought not so : His bristles vppe he caste. 
As doth the angry chased boare, when hunters blowe the blaste 
That makes the begles bite. Oh blessed Lord, q. I, 
Thoi^h foes do frowne and thinke a chainge, may turn the clowds ia sky, 
^ Yet urod is where he was, and frends shall never fiule. 

To pray and wbhe the tossed sbipp, may safely bcnse vpp saile. 

Let miuioe worke his worst, like monster muse he shall 

With skowling browes and wrinkled cheeks, and haply misse the ball : 

When true deserts shall shine among the godds above 

-And labor longe as reason is, shall reape the fruit of Love. 

Cburcbyarde. 
Samuel Daniel. 

This poet, like others that flourished of the same age, has not yet obtained 
the attention necessary to form a standard edition of his works. Not only some 
of his pieces are unknown to modern editors, but, although he announced that 
he had 

Repair'd some parts defective here and there. 

And passages new added to the same : 

the variations remain unnoticed. Compare the following Sonnet from edition 
1595, with No. XXIL of recent editions. 

Come, Death, the anchor-hold of all my thoughts. 

My last resort whereto my soule appeales, 
For all too long on earth my fiucy dotes, 

Whilst age vpon my wasted body steales. 

That hart being made the prospectiue of horror. 
That honored hath the cruelst faire that liues. 

The cruelst fair that sees I languish for her. 
Yet never mercy to my merrite giues : 

Thys is her lawrell aiyl her triumphes prize, • < . a 

To treade me downe with foote of her disgrace. 

Whilst I did huild my fortune in her eyes, ■ 1 ■ 

And layd myiiue's rest on so f&ire a &ce : 

Which rest I lost, mv love, my life and all. 

So high attempts to low disgraces fall. 

Robert 



18^.] Fly Leaves, No.Xir.'^R.Devereux,E.ofEssex.'^M.Draffkm. Ill 

Robert Deverettx, Earl of Essex. 

Lines, from a volume in manuscript, containing the trial of this unfortunate 
nobleman. 

Happjo were he could fenish forth hit fiite, 
la fome enchanted desart most obscure ; 
From all societye, from lone, from hate 

Of nrorldlye folke, then should he sleepe secure : 

Then wake againe, and yeeM God euer prayse,- 

Content with hipps and hawes, and bramble berryc ; 
In contemplation passing still his dayes. 

And chang of holye thoughts to make him merrye : 
Whoe when ne dyes his tombe may be a bosh. 
Where harmles robin dwells with gentle thrush. 

Comes Essexis, 
Michael Drayton, 

Another neglected poet. Odes 4 and 8, in an early edition, are not found in 
the modem ones. We give the first. 

To my worthy frend. Master John Sauage, of the Imfer Temple. 

Ode 4. 

Vppon this sinful] earth To him deserving not 

If man can happy be, Not yeelding, nor doth hould 

And higher then his birth, What is not his, doing what 

Freud, take him thus of me. He ought, not what he could. 

Whom promise not deceives, Whome the base tyrant's will 

That be the breach should rue ; So much could never awe. 

Nor constant reason leaves As him for good or ill 

Opimon to pursue. From honesty to drawe. 

To rayse his roeane estate. Whose constancy doth rise. 
That sooths no wanton's sinne, 'Bove vndeserved spight. 

Doth that preferment hate, Wliose valew'rs to despise, 
That virtue doth not winne, That most doth him delight. 

Nor bravenr doth admire, That early leave doth take 

Nor dotn more love professe, Of th' world, though to his peine. 

To that he doth desire. For vertue's onely sake. 

Then that he doth possesse. And not till need constmyilC 

Loose humor nor to please, Noe man can be so firee, 

That neither spares nor spends, Though in imperiall seite, * 

That by discretion weyes. Nor eminent as nee 

What is to needfull ends. That deemeth nothing greate. 

The following is one of the ungathered complimentary Sonnets, by the same 
author, prefixed to the Potiteuphia. 

The curious eye that over-rashly lookes. 

And gives no taste nor feeling to the minde, 
Robs its owne selfe, and wrongs those laboured bookes. 

Wherein the soule might greater comfort finde. 
But wlien that sense doUi play the busie bee. 

And for the honie not the poison reads. 
Then for the labour it receives the fee 

When, as the mind on heavenly sweetnesse feeds. 
This doe thine eye : and if it find not heere 

Such precious comforts as may give content. 
And shall confesse the travaile not to deere. 

Nor idle houres that in this worke were spente : 
Never hereafter will I ever looke 
For thing of wortli in any mortall booke.— M. D» 

Eu. Hood. 



Mr. Urban, Enfield, Feh. 20. at least novel and far-fetched. To use 

SEND a few remarks on your Second his own woi(ds, " firs^ and foremost,*' 

Supplementary Number of last year. I would advise hin]^ when he intro- 

The opinion of " G. W.** p. 580, duces a Latio^ j|u«tatkNi (if it be a 

respecting the increase of Suicide, is quotation), iq yi?^ a laitkful one, and 

at 



I 



ll« Sidcidet.-^Pew Openers.^^Cardt.^The Grtekt.-^Bastardi. [Aug. 

as much of it as is necessary for the do not differ more widely in character 

purpose intended, which on re-perusal than do the present race of Greeks 

ne will find he has not done m this from their ancestors, who so cIorioBBlj 

instance. He seems to think that fell at Marathon. Experience has 

lying in bed all day, and sitting up all shewn us that in the disgraceful and 

night, good eating and drinking, &c. diabolical attrocitiesand excesses which 

are the principal causes for the com- have been committed between the 

mission of this crime. Few people, I Greeks and the Turks, there is not on 

believe (and I speak it respectfully) the score of humanity (to use a com- 

enjoy the blessing of good living in a mon phrase), ''a pin to choose between 

greater degree than Sir William Curtis, them," or in other words, 

and yet he is the last man I should « »Xa hard to know which ore the worrt, 

suspect as bemff likely to deprive him- Which are the best b quite a toss-up.'* 

^t w I)'' ^^T""}} . ^'^fi. '^*'^/'''^' Yours, &c. Quiz. 

•* G. W." may thmk to the contrary. ^ ^ 

Thb IB a happy age, in which every W 

man is permitted to enjoy his own Mr. Urbav, Jubf 10. 

opinion ; the above is the opinion of IN answer to a query I sent to you 

«• G. W.** respecting the cause of fre- Jl some time ago, 1 have obtained 

quent suicide j mine is very different, the following parUculars, but not Kiffi- 

but there is no necessity to state it. ciently satisfactory to me. 

We may be both right or both wrong, Query. Whether a Bastard be en- 

" tot homioee, qiiot sententise." titled to bear either the arms of his or 

The remarks of " P. F." p. 589, on her father or mother? 
the insolence of Pew Openers, are, to In the first place, it is perfectly clear 
the disgrace of Parish Officers, but too he cannot bear those of hu fiidher. 
true, and what most of us unfortu- « a Bastard is that male or fenale that 
nately have to complain of, but his re- is begotten and bom of any wonum not mar- 
marks should rather have been addressed ried, so that the chiltts father is mot hurnn 
to the Churchwardens of the Parish, by order and judgment of Law, ibr whkh 
than inserted in your Magazine. reason he is xnlled FUius Populi*." 

" W. R." p. 692, regreU that Bowls " In a conveyance by a father to a baf 
and Cricket have given way to Card- ^ard son, natural afibotion is not a soffident 
playing, and that whole families should consideration ; for that hi is a ataawobb 
Liuante away the noon hours of a de- *« .^> MX^^xg^ hebe « son m aatura t. 
iTghtful sumier's^ay in devotion to , "The rights of Bastards are very few. 
Cfards. Therean^cert^ainthin^ which ^r^r;;^ ^lirg,^^ ffi^i^ t 
in my opmion were made for each ^j^^ ^^^ ^f „^,body, and 8ometimes\Maied 
other, and among others 1 may name Rlius Nullius, sometimes Fdius Populi. AH 
the following, brown ale for hazle- ^tber children have their prinary settle- 
nuts, music for dancing, capers-sauce ment iu their father's par'ish ; but a BMtud 
for boiled mutton, and to sum up the in the parish where born, for he hath bo 
whole. Card-playing for a winter's father J." 

evening, and consequently candle-light ; Thus, I think it is dear, that a Bas- 

that the devotees sometimes allow ^^rd cannot lake the armorial bearings 

morning to creep in before they quit ^f ^hc reputed father, inasmuch as he 

the pleasant rubber, I can readily appears to be recognized only as such 

believe, indeed I well know to be ^y the law of nature, 

the case; but where Card- playing is with respect to the right from the 

carried on as a general thing at mid- mother's side :— in 2 Rolfin's Abridg. 

day in the summer-time, I am at a loss j^ jg^ u jf ^ Bastard die without issue, 

to know. t-fc T> ^ T though the land cannot descend to any 

In J. Lempriere, D. D. p. 004, I re- h^jr on the part of the father, yet to 

cognisethecompilerofthelearnedClas- ^^e heir on the part of the mother 

sical Dictionary under that title ; his zeal (being no bastard) it may i because he 

as a classical man in the cause of the ,-, ^^ ^he blood of the mother.'' 

Greeks, as descendants (as he says) of ^^j }„ Godolp. 483, a " bastard in 

those immortal heroes vjho bled on the respect of his mother, is said to be a 

fields of Marathon and Thermopylae, ._i 

in defence of their liberties, is praise- • Godolphin's Repertorium Canonieaoi, 

worthy ; but the reverend gentleman 478. f Godolp. p. 488. 

must consider that honesty and roguery I Coke's Lyttleton, 8. 

son;'* 



18930 Bastardy.— Old Houses at Islington.-^" Modem Policies^ 1 13 



ton r' thus being recognized by Ij&w 
of the blood of the motiier, it might 
be supposed that he might claim those 

Erivileges pt:rtaioing to the mother; 
ut the above zemarks, that he has 
only such rights. as he can acquire^ not 
being in a cap9city to inherit any 
thing, appear airectiy opposed to ^ucn 
a isupposition ) and Blackstone, vol. I. 
p. 450, clearly states, . 

• '< A Bastard cannot bo heir to any one, 
aeitlier can he have heirs but of his own 
tody ;' fbr being Nullius Filius, he is there- 
Sure of kin to nobody, and has no ancestor 
from -w)iom any inheritable blood can be 
derived." 

Again, vol. II, p. ^49, 

<* As a fiastard has no legal ancestors, he 
oan have no collateral: kindrad." 

■ Again, vol.- 1, p. 459, 

' "A Basttfrd iras aho Incapiable of Holy 
Orders, and though that were dispensed 
with, yet he was utterly disqualified from 
holding any dignity in the Church ; but 
this doctrine: seems now obsolete, and In all 
other respects thete is Ko di5A'nc<ion between 
a Bastard and another han. And really: 
^ny other dbtmction but that of not inhi' 
riiiAg, whiqh civil policy renders necessary, 
would, with regard to the innocent offspring. 
of his parent's crimes, be odious, unjust, 
and cruel, te the last degree." 

There might be some doubt upon 
this latter query, if we stopped here ; 
but I find, in Godolph. p. 480, 
" that bastardy so stains the blood, 
that the Bastard can challenge neither 
honour nor arms.; and so disable him, 
that he; cannot pretend to any succes- 
sion to inheritance." This completely 
closes all doubt, so far as the common 
law authorities, which I have cited go ; 
but points of heraldry are very nice, 
and require generally to be decided by 
persons well acquainted with the laws, 
and customs connected with it. 

An answer to the above will most 
particularly oblige. 

Yours, &c. Gloucestrian. 

.. Mr. Urban, Juli/ 3. 

1SEND you a view of some houses, 
in the parish of Isliiigton, near the. 
Turnpike. (See the Frontispiece to 
our present Volume. ) One of them is 
cutious, as being the representation of 
The Three Hats public-house, which 
has been repaired since this view was 
taken. 

In Bickerstaffe's comedy of '* The 
Hypocrite," Mawworm says : 

GfiNT. Mag. August, 1893. 



" TTjU I went after him [Dr. CantweU] 
I was little better than the devil ; my con- 
science was tanned with «in, like a piece of 
neat's leather, and had no more feeling tb^^ 
the sole of my shoe ; always a roving after 
fantastical delights : I used to go, every 
Sunday evening, to the TTiree Hats at TsUng- 
ton ! it's a public-house ! mayhap your 
Ladyship may know it : I was a great lover 
of skittles too, but -now I can't bear them." 

I believe Mr. Nelson, in his " His- 
tory of Islington^" does not mention 
this house. N. R. S. 

Mr. Urban, July 4, 

THE enclosed i* from a book of 
very small size, on the cover of 
which is written, by the hand of a 
man of no slight authority in his day, 
•/ supposed to be bv Archbishop Shel- 
don.*? If you think lit wtU be accept- 
able to your Readerfi^ this alidmore of 
it shall be at your service. 
\ourB, &c. An Old Readbr. 

Modern Policies, 
Taken from Maehiavel, Bortna, and 
other choice Authors, hy an Eye-wit- 
• ness, 

Horn, AxXa ra fAx^t yoiAi, jmci p^a^o/AMt. — 
Salhist, Fragm. Libidinem domlnandi, 
causam bielli habent, et maximam Glo- 
riam in maximp imperio ipvA»,ni.^Plautus 
iw Captivis. Nam doli non doli sunt, 
nisi astu colas, sed malum maximum si 
id palam provenit. — Trinummus. Ambi^ 

. tio jam more sancta 'st. Libera fst a 
legibus : petere honorem pro flagitio, 
more fit. Mores legcsperduxerunt jam 
in potestatem suam. Tiie Seventh Edi- 
tion. London: printed by J. Streater, 
for Tho. Dring, at the signe of the 
George, in Fleet-street, near Clifford's 
Inne. 1657. 

To my very good Lord, my Lord R.B.E. 
My Lord, 

I was never so proud as to think I 
could write any thmg that might abide 
the test of your judicious eye: what I 
now send, appeales to your candor j en- 
treating you to lay asidfe the person of 
a judge for that of a friend. It is at 
best but a pamphlet, whether you con^ 
sider iu bulk, or worth. • The result 
of a few pensive hourcs srient in recol- 
lecting what the memory liad registered 
from publique observance, or private 
reading, in a theme so sadly copious 
as this is. If it be not impertinefnt to 
tell you what hinted to this trifle, it 
was this : Having had opportunity to 
look abroad into the world, I took 

some 



1 14 " Modern Policiei, taken from Machiavel,** Ac t^S- 

some notice of the contrastoi of the knew no other mutick but Martiall 

Italian Princes, I remarked the Spa- arms. 

niards griping Portugall, his grounds 1 have endeavoured, in the sequel, 
for the challenge of that kingdom, and to represent to you the arts of ambi- 
his way of managing those grounds. I tion, by giving Uie picture of a person 
looked upon his method of propagat- over-covetous of ^lory. The pwce is 
ing Christianity in the West (where, course, but yet like i drawn only in 
one says, the Indian is bound to be re- water-colours, which some of greater 
ligious and poor, upon pain of death), leisure and abilities may possibly here- 
Morcover, 1 observed with what artifice after lay in oyle. You know that tlie 
the Pope moderated in the European desires of man are vast as his thoughts, 
quarrels, and with what devices he boundless as the ocean, IIi6o$ rtr^/i* 
twisted the Gospel and the advantage ^„oj, aVe^wros iWiOupa^*; atub bored 
of the chair together; and m all the jg not more insatiate. Tis pity that 
struglings and disputes that have of greatness should ever be out of the 
late years befallen this corner of the ^ay of goodness ; and I would some- 
world, 1 found that although the pre- times, if I durst, with Socrates curse 
tence was fine and spiritual, yet the him that first separated profitable and 
ultimate end and true scope was gold, honest. It does to me a little relish of 
and greatness, and secular glory. But, paradox, that wherever I come, Ma- 

; when I saw chiavel is verbally cursed and damn'd. 



my Lord, to come near 

kingdoms tottering, one nation reeling and yet "practicaliy embraced and asl 

against another; yea, one piece of a gcrted; for there is no kingdom but 

nation justling the other, and split m- hath a race of men, that are ingenious 

to so niony parties and petty communi- at the peril of the publick ; so that as 

ties; and each of these quoting Bible one said of Galba, in respect of his 

to plliate his mad and exorbitant opi- crooked body, " Ingenium Galbs 

nions : I sighed, and it grieved me to n^jg habitat ;'^' so may I say of these, 

see jwpular easiness and we l-meaning $„ ,^gard of their crooked use ; that 

abused by ambitious self-seeking men; ^[t could not have chosen a worse 

for there is a generation, that is born mansion than where it is viciated smd 

to be the plague, and disquiet, and made a pandar of wickedness, 

scourge ol the age it lives in; that Ifyou ask me what I mean, to trouble 

gladly sacrifice the publick peace to |he world, that is already under such « 

private interest ; and when they see all ^1^ of books : you may easily perceire 

fired, with joy warm their hands at {hat I consulted not at all with ad- 

those unhappy flames which them- vantaging my name, or wooing publick 

se vw kindle; tuning their merry harps, „teem by what I now write; I knew 

when others are weeping over a king- there was much of naked truth in it, 

dom's funeral. But above all. it pierces and thought it possibly might be of 

my heart to see the Clergv in such an ^ome caution to prevent the insinnft- 

high degree accessor>- to the civil dis- tion of pious frauds and religious bl- 

tempers and contentions that have lacies into my native country. If any 

rj^^ry where shaken the foundations of plain-hearted honest man shall cwie 

Church and State ; so that (as the Ca- awav an hour in perusing it, he may 

tholick uoied) there hath been no flood perhaps find something in it fcae«^ 

of misery, but did spring from, or at feling his own thoughts, and not alto. 

least was much swefled by their holy. ^her strange to his own experience. 

water. I searched the Evangelical «; ft is not the least of oar misfortimcs, 

cords; and there was nothing but mild that sins and vices are oft-times en- 




pacincaiory : i wn>nuere« irom wnai „ame, though much incoherent to the 

precedents and Wture-eucodVage- thing we ascribe it t or dse omitti^ 

nwnts these men deduced their prac- the vice, which b the main, it in£ 

tises, and at la*t was torced to conclude ^^tes only the vertue, wbidi is Ae 

thai ihey were only pretended C hap- bv : as for example, we eaQ an ambi- 

Uiius to the Prince ot Peace: those ^C '^ ^^ ^ 



tious man, fAtyaXmrooXoq, a 



torches tlut should hjve U-en for sav- ^c «-xki- «;-. '««j u; w^L^-Jl^Zi 
ing lighl. *<r. des^n<rat«l into t5r*- «W ^„"™ A'^^fL^SfSE 

haie ^vuihlol r^tr«raL!» to ^vpulji rur:«r<. * Umhlichiis. 

aflecter 



182S.] '' Modern P9licUi:'-^Mountain$ of Swkzerland. 1 1 5 

aflfecter of grandeur ; and I find^' that press (especially as to discourses of this 
by incautelous entertaininent of these nature), and if ever, I fain would have 
porases, our jud^ofits are oflen bribed it seen by a fiiirer light. The great 
lo misapprehensions, and we seduced God of Heaven, poure into us sucn in- 
to bad actions* 1 have endeavoured, ward props and comforts, as may help 
in the ensuing discourse, to wipe off us to stem and bear up against the 
the paint and fucus ; that so things rugsed traverses of degenerate times, 
may appear in their true complexion. Ana let-it beget in us milder opinions 
unaduJtefated with the slignts and of adversity, when we consider that 
subtleties of deluders. the winter of affliction does the better 
My Lord, that your Lordship may fit us to bear the eternal verdure of 
be one of those whom the dark Poet glory. The time will come when all 
calls ^i( li^niffwrra, that the youth of shadows and apparitions shall vanish. 
your honours may be renewed to you. Glorious morn! when wilt thou dawn? 
that your happiness may know no Then these sullen clouds shall be scat- 
other season but a Spring, is the vote tered. Right restored; Worth prized, 
of your bounden servant. Virtue honoured. Vice degraded, and 

^___ Honesty rewarded. Farewell ! 

To THE RxADER "**~^^'~^'" 

Reader, that nothing in this might On the Mountains of Swxtzer- 

deter a common eye, the quotations land. 

are translated, not xara woJaj, but as (Continued from p. 5.^ 

might best serve the sense and scope of nr*HE Avalanches of Snow are the 

the author I yet I believe thou wilt find j| most common, and yet the most 

little in the English, which is not formidable phenomena of the Alps, 

warranted by the original, or, which Happy those who contemplate at a 

is more, by the truth. I invite none disunce, and freed from danger en- 

to it, but such as desire to be just joy without fear so magnificent a spec- 




breast, thou art wdcome; otherwise detached by the winds, or by other 

read it, not as directed to thee, but causes, from their elevated abodes, 

meant of thee. This book is like a precipitated at first in small quantities 

garment in a broker's shop, not design- upon the points of the Mountains ; 

cd for any one person, but made for then enlarging by degrees as they ad- 

any that it fits. My intent was, to re- vance, uniting to their masses the 

present to you in the general, not men- fresh snows, and soon forming gigan- 

tinning particulars, a cursed, wicked, tic masses; which draw down with 

but yet a fortunate politician. *Twas an awful crash, ices, stones, and rocks, 

a good caution that Cassius gave the breaking and overturning extensive fo- 

Senate concerning Pompey . " Nos rests, houses, and all other obstacles 

ilium irridemus, sed timeo ne ille nos which they meet in their passage ; 

Sadio ccfctfjLVKTTi^KTii** 'Tis foolish to precipitating themselves into the val- 
ugh in the face of Dionysius, and lies, which they render desolate, with 
dangerous to shrug before Andronicus ; the rapidity of lightning, and fre- 
'tis not good to tempt the displeasure of quently overwhelm whole villages with 
tyrants upon idle scores ; a thin shield ruin and death! not a year passes with- 
will serve to keep out the style of a out the recital of such dreadful visita- 
tatyrist, nor can I commend him who tions, with which the history of Swit- 
lost his bishoprick for a romance, zerland is replete. 
Therefore I brand not persons but In the high Alps, and in the val- 
things ; and if any man*8 guilt flashes lies exposed to Avalanches, the inha- 
ID his face when he reads, let him bitants take care to place their cot- 
mend the errour, and he is unconcern- tages upon the borders of the forests, 
ed. "Tis to no purpose to tell that whose fir trees may preserve them in 
there is a second part, twin and coeta- case of danger, and stop their first im- 
neous to this, that was once intended petuosity. 

^ run the same fortune; but I have The mhabitants of , the Mountains 

many reasons, besides mine own weak- of Switzerland are exposed to the fall- 

oess, to publish a valediction to the ing of the earth, or stones, and of 

rocks. 



1 lt> On ihe Mauniams of Switzerland, [Aug. 

rocks, wluch are not less formidable at a short distance from the foot of the 

tlian tliose of snow, and which are glaciers. Many learned and other per- 

accompanied with circumstances still sons, have remarked that ihe tempe- 

more terrific : the annals of the Va- rature of the mountains of Switzerland 

lais, the Grisons, the Tessin, and has abated during some past centuries, 

many other Mountainous Cantons, and has become reducible to a scale 

have preserved their history by tradi- of computation, affording the follow- 

tion ; and have left the traces of past ing curious results : 

desolation and ruin. 1. That historical testimonies shew 

Hurricanes, mingled with whirl- that many places in the Alps, which 

winds of snow, are likewise very dan- formerly produced pasturage, are now 

gerous for travellers passing the high sterile. 

Alps ; they obstruct in a short time the 2. That historical testimonies, and 

roads and passes ; they heap together even vestiges still subsisting, demon- 

infimense quantities of snow ; some- strate that there formerly existed fe- 

times they envelope men and animals; rests at an elevation far beyond the 

at -other times, ihey instantaneously actual line of the vegetation of trees, 

blind ihem, and do not permit theiil 3. That the line of perpetual snow 

to discern their route; so that they are has progressively abated, 

in the utmost danger of mistaking their 4. Tnat the glaciers are making 

way, and falling into the precipices that progress in many places of Switzcr- 

Burroufid them. land. This opinion, which has ge- 

Tht Jtssures which inclose the ice, nerally spread, has engaged the Hel* 

are often found to be of a prodigious vetic Society of Natural bciences, in its 

depth, and covered, especially in the session at Zurich in ISl?* to propose 

spring and beginning or the summer, a prize of 600 livres for the best me* 

by beds of snow, which hide them moir on the following question : Is 

from view, and sink on a sudden, it true that the high Alps of Switser- 

when surcharged with any foreign land are become more and more cold 

weight. Accidents arising from these within a series of years ? The subject 

fissures, are numerous, and form one well demands historical research into 

of the ordinary subjects of caution and facts and observations, 

conversation among the Mountain- It is more than a century since 

guides. Hunters often meet death in Schenchzer remarked in his original 

these fissures, or in other precipices style — that in this corrupted age, 

near which they daily hazard their wherein tb^e love of God, and of onr 

venturous steps : the story of John neighbour has grown cold, the seasons 

Heitz in the annals of Glaris, of Da- of tne year have grown cold also, the 

vid Zwicki, and especially of Gaspard winters longer — the summer shorter, 

Stocri, are still recited and heard with and the vine furnishes a wine sharper 

renewed interest and astonishment ! and more bitter than heretofore i in 

From what has been already said, fine, that the masses of snow, which 

it will be readily comprehended that always remain upon the mountains^ 

Switzerland has not a climate so tem- increase every year. 

I)erate as her geographic position and Picot ascertained the height in 

station in Europe would assign to her; French feet above the sea of the fbU 

she owes to the high Alps, which se- lowing, amongst many other places, 

parate her from Italy, a severe tempe- stated in a table at the close of his' 

rature; the warm winds of noon are work: viz. 

considerably cooled by traversing the The Aar of Berne and City 170S 

atmosphere which surrounds the Alps, The Monastery of St. (}o6hard....64«9 

carpeted with glaciers and perpetual The Lake of Zarich 1979 

snows ;— on the other side, the North The Village of Simplon .4648 

winds freely penetrate into Switzer- The foregoing remarks apply to 

land, and often produce a rigorous cli- Switzerland m general, as affected by 

mate. In this country we may oh- the mountains, which cross it— but 

serve very great variations of heat and in each of the Cantons, these effects 

cold, especially in the straight rallies, are more or less felt, according as si* 

where the heats of summer and the tuation has fixed their stations, capital 

colds of winter attain an excessive in- cities, and suburbs; and many oftnem 

tensity: it is not rare to see vines ex- being sheltered from the disasters above 

posed to the sun of noon, flourishing described, enjoy abundance from cflil* 

tivatiou. 



1 393.] On the Mountaius of Switzerland, 117 

tiTation, a delightful Variety of ptctn- altitudes have not been entirely asceiu 

resque scenery not to be equalled else^ tained. In the interval which sepi^ 

where* and a temperate atmosphere rates them, there are vallies, whose 

which givesiojaDdpeaoe, and to every numbeir and intricacy form the Can-^ 

residence of industry oeauty and plenty 1 ton into a labyrinth. The whole couiw 

Many of the mountains are them- try presents mountains so pointed^) 

selves remarkable either for produc- and so many precipices, that in som« 

tions of the vegetable and mineral commons, it is said, the mothers, when 

kin^oms, for the passes, which have they are obliged to leave their little 

been cultivated, or the beautiful views children to attend their labour in the 

which all may enjoy who are capable field, tie them by a long cord, lest by 

of climbing to the summits ; but none runnins away too far, during their al)-* 

of these belong to the highest moan- sence, tney should fall from the height 

tains, where the excessive cold excludes of the rocks. 

every kind of vegetation. In less than The country of the Griions is less 
an nour the Notre Dame des Neiges, visited, but is more worthy of the no« 
at the summit of Rigi, in the Canton tice of travellers. Natnre there pre* 
of Schwitz, presents the most beautiful sents the most striking contrasts of 
view in all Switzerland, and surpass- culture and desolation, of immense 
ing every other view in Europe ; the seas of ice separating the highest sum- 
most favourable tim^ is about half an mits ; and what is most aomirable of 
hour preceding sun -rise, before the all the glaciers of the Alps, that of 
clouds and vapours of the morning Bemina, whose ice is several hundred 
have ascended mto the air : the tern- toises in thickness, and which extends 
perature is theh serene, and an im- nine leagues between the Valteline* 
mense picture, infinitely diversified, the valley of Bergell, and Engudine. 
is unfolded to the astonished specta- The highest mountains of this Can- 
tor ! — Rossberg, which is separated ton, especially those which bound it 
from Rigi by the little valley ot Low- to the North, to the East, and the 
ertz, well deserves the attention of South, and those which form the vast 
every lover of the beauties of Nature : mass near the glacier of the Rhine, 
the tailing of earths and rocks, which are all of primitive nature, and are 
hap|)ened on Sept. 6, 1806, after a composedof granite and original calcar. 
continual rain of 24 hours, and which In passing through the Canton of 
covered a space of two leagues in Valais we find two chains of moun- 
length, and spread 100 feet in thick- tains which encircle the great valley 
ness over a league in breadth, of de- of the Rhone, and separate it from 
solation, covering and overwhelming Italy and the Canton of Berne, form- 
the most beautiful and fertile vales of ing a double wall of great magnitude, 
this Canton, destroyed 484 persons, charged with enormous glaciers, and 
32b cattle, 2 churches, 1 1 1 houses, bounded by deep vallies ; there is no 
and 20 stables, in one terrible and entrance into Valais except by the pass 
awful moment ! the compassion and of St. Maurice, and this is so narrow, 
charity of the nation manifested their that the Rhone scarcely finds its way 
characteristic merit on this dreadful vi- between the rocky partition of the 
sitation ; for, in a few months, a contri- Dent deMorcle ana the Dent du Midu 
bution of 120,000 livres of Switzer- &c. Naturalists observe in the moun- 
laud were collected and distributed tains of the Valais, a vast variety of 
among the remaining victims of this beds, of forms, of inclinations, of rents^ 
disaster, in proportion to the losses and fallings; they are all primitives^ 
which they had sustained ! with the exception of a small portion 

The Canton of the Orisons affords of the Northern chain, which is com* 

ample and numerous examples of the posed of calcareous stones, bedded upon 

descriptions already given— its high- schistus. Gypsum shews itself the whole 

est mountains extend from St. Go- length of the valley of the Rhone on 

thard to the sources of the Lower both banks of the river. The Grimsel^ 

Rhine and the lun, thence North- the Gemmi, and Great St. Bernard, 

eastward to the Tyrol ; from this prin- stand foremost in this Canton, and ne* 

cipal chain it separates others which ver have failed to awaken the astonish- 

extend on all sides, many of which ment of scientific travellers, 

bear perpetual snows, and rise to 10 or The ridges of the Simplon are charged 

1 1,000 feet above the sea ; but their with six glaciers ; the magnificent 

road 



IIB On the Meaning of the Cherubic Ewblemi. [Aug. 



road which traTerses this mountain, th« other w»U, aad their wings toudiad 
deserves notice as one of the most sur- another iu the midst of the house." 
prising monuments of modern art ; its These therefore were different from 

construction cost more than 25 miU the Cherubims constructed by Moses, 

lions of French francs — it affords very which were of solid gold, rbing out of 

diversified prospects— and an easy pas- each end of the mercy-seat— they were 

sage over tne Alps. of a much larger size, and of olive 

But it is time to close these remarks wood. Thus, in the most holy place 

—every one who reflects witl\ due ac- of Solomon, there were four Caeru- 

knowledgment upon these stupendous bims. The two constructed by Moses 

works of r^ature, cannot but quit them formed part of the mercy- seat, and 

with reluctance ; they awaken every were inseparable from it ; those of So- 

sense of the grandeur of their various lomon spread their wings over it, and 

combinations, the vast extent of their seem added for the greater glory and 

products, as well primitive as recent — ornament of God*s house, 
magnificent as sublime ! tliey bear the The next passage is the prophet Eze- 

marks of what the world was, before kiel, 1st chap, wherein the four Chcs- 

chaos was commanded into order, and rubic figures are described as having 

what was her condition after the de- each the face of a man and a lion ou 

luge had subsided, and what she is the right side, and the face of an ox 

capable of enduring for ages yet to and an eagle on the left side. Their 

come. A. H. wings are stretched upward, and tber 

^ went every one straight forward, and 

Mr. Urban, JulyQ. they turned not when they went — 

VARIOUS engagements have with- their appearance were like burning 

drawn my mind from the pledge coals ol fire — and as a flash of XyAkXr 

I made in a former communication niug — and behold a wheel by theliT- 

(vol. xcii. ii. 121) of entering into ing creatures upon the earth — as for 

the meaning of the Cherubic Em- their rings they were so high that they 

blems, and their association in prints were dreadful. Then follows the thione 

with the four Evangelists. The pro- of God, his glory, and his covenai&t of 

mise made, I now redeem. £. grace, typified by the rainbow. 

' The exact parallel appearance is de- 

The first mention of the Cherubim scribed in the 4th chapter of the Re- 
is in Exodus xxv. v. 18, IQ: velations, wherein the tour beasts (im- 

" And thou shalt make two Cherubim* properly so translated) are the identi- 

of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make cal symbols of Cherubims, described 

them, in the two ends of the mercy-seat. by Ezekiel, having the parts of the 

<< And make one Cherub on the one end, lion, the calf, the man, and the eagle. 

and the other Cherub on the other end: The divine hymn they sing in the 8th 

even of the mercy seat shall ye make the verse is the same as the inspired Isaiah 

Cherubuns on the two ends thereof. heard, when, wrapt in prophetic visicm, 

"And the Cherubims shall stretch forth he saw the glory of the Lord fiU the 
their wings on high, covering the mercy- ^^^ , ^^j ^^/^j ^j^e Seraphim de- 
feat with ^^^^^ ™S^' ^^^^ Clare his praise : and the sevfn minis- 
look one to another ; toward tiie mercy-seat ^. X. ^^ ^, ,. .i 
shall the faces of the Cherubim be. And termg spirits, these Cherubic emblems, 
thou shalt put the mercy-seat above upon ^"^ ^^^ ">"»■ and twenty elders and 
the ark." angels, are thus represented encircuog 

" And there I will meet with thee, and I the throne, which is magnificently and 

will commune with thee from above the sublimely described, a splendid exhi- 

mercy-seat, from between the two Cheru- bition of the Deity, wherein his inef- 

bims." fable majesty is shadowed forth by : 



The second passage is in the 6th sible and earthly images : by carefully 

chapter of the 1st book of Kings, 23d examining these passages, as the an- 

verse: ^^'b* ^^^ ministering spirits, are dis- 

" A^id within the Oracle he (Solomon) j!"^^^^*^,^' ^^ ^ impossible to vievr 

made two Cherubims of olive tree, each 10 ^\ Cherubic emblems as partaking of 

cubits high... .And he set the Cherubims cjther of those existences. What part 

within the mner house : and they stretched they bore m this heavenly scene we 

forth the wings of the Cherubims, so that will now proceed to inquire, 

the wing of the one touched the one wall. The only comment in the edition of 

and the wing of the other Cherub touched the Bible by Mant and Doyley is as- 
cribing 



IBiS.} On iht Meaning of the Cherulnc EmhUmi. 119 



cribing these symbols to the -aiigelic value — they were not cast in a mould, 

body — their six wings, denoting ttieir but were made of the same mass of 

zeal and readiness to propa^te the Gos- gold with the mercy-seat, and wrought 

pel, while the number of tneir eyes de- up into this form, which may denote; 

note their wisdom and foresight. Thus the union of believers to Christ f being 

also Dr. Doddridge, in his Expository in the same mass may signify their de- 

on this passage, considers them as hie- pendance on him, tneir partaking of 

roglyphics of the an^lic nature. The the same gifts and graces m the mea- 

courage of the lion, signifying the cou- sure vouchsafed by him. — Such are the 

rage and vigour with which they exe- various applications made by the moet. 

cute the commands of Grod ; the ox, esteemed Commentators, ofthese mys* 

their firmness and patience ; the man, tic holy figures in a spiritual sense, 

the image of clearness, of intelligence, And having in his last passage open* 

and strength of reason ; the ea^le, the ed the idea that these Cherubic fi- 

activity and incomparable velocity with gures were emblems of '' the true be- 

which these celestial spirits execute the Fievers in Christ in common,*' I will 

commands of God. bring the passages together from the 

There is also another illustration in elaborate pages of Faber and Dr. 

an old Commentator sopleasingly drawn Hale's Chronology, which deduce this 

out upon these manifestations, that 1 manifestation from the first existence 

conceive it will be deserving of inser- of our representation in Paradise, and 

tion. These animals turned not when continue it to the consummation of 

they went, signifying that nothing di- earthly things, as shewn forth in the 

verted them from fulfilling God*s com- visions of St. John. We are told by 

niandments. Their wings were stretch- the Sacred Historian, that when the 

ed upward, to shew their readiness to first pair were expelled from Paradise, 

execute his will. The wheel in the God placed on the Eastern side of the 

middle of a wheel, as two circles in a garden. Cherubim, to preserve the way 

sphere, cutting each other at right to the tree of life : Moses specifies not 

angles, to signify the stability and uni- the form of these beings ; but it ap- 

formity of their motion, and the sub- pears that the Israelites were well ac- 

serviency of one part of Providence to quainted with them ; for, when ordered 

another. " They returned not when to make the Cherubim of the Taber- 

they went," to signify that Providence nacle, they apparently were executed 

does nothing in vain, but always ac- without any oirections being sought 

complishes its end. The height of for or delivered, and this, no doubt, 

their wings, signifies the vast compass from their shapes being well known : 

of Providence. Their rings being full and Ezekiel describes minutely their 

of eyes, that all the motions of Provi- figure, as having wings, and being 

dence are directed by a consummate compounded of a man, a bull, a lion, 

wisdom and foresight. and an eaele. The form of the ox pre- 

•• While they stood they let down dominated, from his description of 
their win^,'* or put themselves in a their form and feet, and hence some 
posture of hearkening to God's voice, have inferred that the word Cherub 
and waiting to receive his commands, does properly denote an ox. Under the 
** The appearance of the bow in the Levitical economy, which embodied 
cloud,'.' becomes an evident represen- the leading features of ancient Patri- 
tationof the Word that was to be made archism, adapting them to the peco- 
flesh, whose incarnation is the founda- liar circumstances of the Israelites, the 
tion of God's covenant of mercy with Cherubic symbols were placed in the 
mankind. Another illustration is the adytum of the Tabernacle, and after- 
following, and few expositions can wards in the corresponding sanctuary 
more happily enter into the spiritual of the Temple ; they were clearly re- 
part, whereby the subject also is open- Hgious hieroglyphics, and whatever was 
ed to our apprehension. From the their import under the Law, nnques* 
account in tne Revelation we learn tionably they were the same in primt- 
what these Cherubic symbols were ; tive Patriarchism ; and this will the 
they were hieroglyphics, or emblems stronger appear if we attend to the re- 
of tne true helievers in Christ in conn- markable language employed by Moses 
mon, of both dispensations, lesal and in describing the Paradisaical Chera- 
evangelical*— being made of gold, may bim. Our translation imperfectly says, 
denote their excellency, worth, and that God placed the Cherubim East- 
ward 



ISO 



On the Meaning of the Cherubic EmbUmt. 



[Augr. 



ward of the ear den ; but the force of 
the original Hebrew is, thai he placed 
theoi in a Tabernacle. Moses also tells 
us, that with these *' Cherubim placed 
in a Tabernacle," there appeared like- 
wise, what our translators render, '' a 
ilaniing sword," which turned every 
way," but which is apprehended to 
mean, ** a hright blaze of bickering 
flame.'* Now an exactly similar maui« 
festation of glory was visible between 
the Cherubim of the Mosaic Taber- 
nacle ; it was the Sheckinah, and 
intimated the presence of Jehovah; 
and its name Sheckinah is a word of 
the same origin as that by which 
Moses descriued the tabernacling of 
the Paradisaical Cherubim. 

Thus, then, as the Hebrew Church 
in the Wilderness had the Cherubic 
symbols placed in a tabernacle, and 
surmounted by a blaze of glory j so 
the patriarchal Church at its nrst com- 
mencement had the very same sym- 
bols, placed in the very same man- 
ner, and manifested in the same glory; 
and we are irresistibly led to conclude 
that their use and import exactly ac- 
corded under both dispensations : and 
in this view the Levitical ordinance 
will explain what is meant by " the 
Cherubim and glory placed to keep 
the way of the tree of Life ;'* for the 
Cherubim, under the Law, were in 
the Holy of Holies, and no one was 
permitted to enter that peculiarly sa- 
cred place but the High Priest, and 
he only once in the year. We are 
further' told by the Great Apostle of 
the Gentiles, that the High Priest was 
a type of the Messiah, and that his 
annual entrance into the Holy of Ho- 
lies, at all other times interdicted, re- 
presented the entrance of Christ into 
Heaven. The language of Scripture 
infers, that Paradise itself was a type 
of Heaven ; and consequently since 
the Sacred Adytum was also a tvpe 
of Heaven, we may be assured tliat 
the exclusion of the whole people at 
large from the Holy of Holies, sha- 
dowed out the exclusion of our first 
parents and their posterity from that 
paradise of which it was a symbol ; 
that the same l)laze of glory interdicted 
the same approach in both cases : and 
Moses elucidates the Paradisaical Che- 
rubim by the Levitical Ordinance, 
and is himself explained by St. Paul : 
namely, that mankind can have no 
access to the forfeited tree of life, but 
must for ever remain excluded from 



th^ spiritual paradise, urdeari a divine 
Redeemer recovers for them their |>ri- 
vileges, and opens the way to hapnj-: 
Dess and immortality. Thus, as the 
first hook of Scripture represents the 
children of Adam shut out from the 
tree of life, so the last book in the 
triumphant visions of St. John exhi- 
bits tnem as having free access to the 
same mystic plant through the meritt 
and inter<:e8sion of their great high 
priest. But although it thus appears, 
the Cherubim of Paradise and of the 
Tabernacle are the same in import and 
use, it may be necessary to connect 
these symbols with the more particu- 
larized forms of the prophet EzekieU 
and he furnishes the proof; for, after 
accurately delineating them, he says, 
*' I knew that they were Cherubim." 
He was not told in his vision what 
they were, but as Grotius and Speucer 
observe, *• lie knew them,'* because 
he |>erceived that their form was pre* 
ciscly that of the Cherubim over tlie 
Ark of the Covenant, the figure of 
whose symbols were perfectly well 
known by oral communication. These 
Mystic Symbols and the Ark are con- 
nected also with the types oficred by 
Noah and his family, as is plainly 
inferred in our Baptismal service. Also, 
in the appearance of the Lord above 
the Cherubim ; for he is described 
both in Ezekiel and the Revelations, 
in the Law and the Gospel, as clad 
in a brilliant rainbow, the very sisn 
of peace and favour which he voucfi- 
safed to Noah ; and as the Ark after 
the Deluge rested on the brink of the 
retiring ocean, so a brazen tea consti- 
tuted part of the furniture of the tem- 
ple : and in plain allusion to it, a sea 
fif glass, resembling crystal, is de- 
scribed in the Apocalypse, as flowing 
ri^ht before the Throne of God, in the 
midst of which are placed the che- 
rubic anfmals and the Ark. The com- 
pound figures of the Cherubim then 
are plainly symbols ; what they repre- 
sented, if we view the Noetic family 
preserved in the ark, as a type of the 
whole body of the faithful, is most 
strongly corroborated by Scripture ; by 
St. John they are said, in conjunc- 
tion with the twenty-lbar Elders, to 
fall down before the Lamb, and to 
acknowledge themselves redeemed to 
God by his blood, out of every kind- 
red, and tongue, and people, land na- 
tion; and who are the persons thus 
literally redeemed by the blood of the 

Lamb 



18!^.] Oh th9 Meaning of Cherubic Emblems. ISl 

Lamb out of all tlie tribes of tbe earth ? priests^ or heads of the four-and^wenty 
Clearly the whole famify of the foUh" courses in the Jewish Church, 
fuli and as the cnerubic animals, and The quotations thus collected toge- 
the twenty-fonr elders profess them- ther from our late Church Bible, by 
selves to have been thus redeemed : Mant and D'Oyley, from Doddridge^ 
iher^ore they must he types of the Faber, and Hales, carry this conside- 
great body t^ the faithful. And as ration onward to a considerable length; 
that great body is also typified by the but the subject is not one of slight im- 
eight members of Noah*s family, float- portance ; if the results of their argu- 
ing upon the waves of the deluge in ments are correct, it devolves a conti- 
the ark 5 so also the eight faces of the nuity of symbol and type, from the pa- 
Cherubim surmounting the ark of the radise of our first parents, to the last 
covenant, are a type m the very same concluding scene of the divine cco- 
import^ and each alike represent the nomy; it demonstrates a patriarchal 
wnole body of the faithful, floating dispensation, and a divine appearance 
safely, under the care of their Divine among them ; it shews how, in the 
Pilot, in the figurative ark of the very earliest ages, ** God did not leave 
Church. himself without witness j" here was 
With this conclusion respecting the the tabernacle and shakinah, from 
Cherubim, agrees a very remarkable which Cain for murder was driven 
passage in the Apocalypse, the pro- out; and as Paganism by almost all 

{)er force of which is lost in our trans- conclusive writers on the subject, has 

ation. It is said of the Saints, ac- been considered to have drawn most 

cording to our translation, that they of its rites and ceremonies from the 

are before the throne of God, and that dirine ordinances, and subtilely copied 

he who sitteth on the throne shall much of its external forms, thus we 

dwell among them : but in the ori^i- might draw out to great length the coti" 

nal Greek it is said, that he who sit- formityo^ th^Xtdtidim^ hieroglyphic sym-' 

teth on the throne shall dwell as in a hols of aiiimal worship throughout the 

taheruacle above them. Thus the very Pagan world, to those mystic- primitive 

same place before God*s throne is as- representations ; we trace in the Leviti- 

cribed to the cherubic aniuials upon cal law, in the prophetic vision of £ze- 

the ark, which is here ascribed to the kiel, as well as of tne Christian Church 

saints; and Jehovah is said to taber- vouchsafed to St. John, the same course 

naclc above each of them. Whence of mysterious personifications 5 leading 

the plain inference is, ap,reeably to the from the very beginning of times, 10 

acknowledgement of the Cherubic Sym- the Great Redeemer, who alone by his 

bols, that tney are redeemed out or all intercession and grace could make the 

nations by the blood of the Lamb, that desired access free to all who come to 

the Cherubim are to be viewed as hie- eternal life through him. These com* 

rc^lyphics of the whole body of the pound emblems of the Ox, the Lion, 

faithful, secure within the ark of the the Man, and the Eagle, being then 

Church : thus further Dr. Hales, in his the chosen types under the patriarchal 

valuable Chronology, vol. II. p. 1300, dispensation, also in the Mosaic Law, 

says, ** the four living creatures are ana in the Christian Church, of ** the 

supposed by the Hutchinsonian inys- whole body of the faithful;'* and the 

tics to denote the Godhead, by other Gospel itself, whereby the body of the 

Commentators Archangels, or the prin- faithful is formed, being the written 

cipal powers of heaven ; both incor- testimony of the Evangelists Matthew, 

rectly, for why should the Deity praise Marie, Luke, and John; it appears 

himself? and they are distinguished most reasonable and natural to con- 

from angels afterwards in verse 11. — elude, that these spiritual symbols, an? 

and further arc said, to be redeemed swerin^ in number and character to 

themselves by the blood of the Lamb, their high and important office, should 

— they rather indeed represent the have been early appropriated to them, 

■whole congregation of the faithful in to denote their intimate association 

the four quarters of the world, or the and coincidence together. In what 

Catholic Church, who daily offer up period of the Church this may have 

thanksgiving and praise to Grod : the arisen, it does not appear easy to trace, 

four-andttwenty elders represented the but assuredly few subjects would ap- 

priesthood corresponding to the chief pear more accordant to the feelings 

Glut, MkG. Augusts l^'id, and 

4 



1^2 



The Censor, No. XVL-^Sir Samuel Luke. 



[Aug. 



and taste of the Fathers of the first 
aces of Christianity of the Alexandrian 
school, and few results of their acute 
ami allegorizing turn would be receiv- 
ed more cordially and universally among 
their disciples. Clemens Alexandri- 
nus, and Origen, are both writers ex- 
tremely probaolc to have adopted these 
symbols, and in doing so, they will 
merely have referred to the four great 
Evangelists, those chosen emblems, 
which the Spirit of Truth has deigned 
to point out as fit types of all, who, 
coming unto his Gospel, are made 
. parts of his universal Cnurch. 



THE CENSOR.— No. XVI. 

. Memoirs of Sir Samuel Luke, Knt, 

(Concluded from p, 2 8. J 

FROM various notices in the Di- 
urnals, we learn that remittances 
to the garrison were irregular, in pro- 
portion to the demand. Complaints 
were made in July that the establish- 
ment was in ";reat want of men and 
money, throu^li the ncj;lect of the as- 
sociated counties; sup|)lics were grant- 
ed, and several vigorous movements 
undertaken in consequence, under 
I.ydcot and Ennis. Ennis broke 
hito Oxfordshire, and routed various 
parties at Islip, Bicester, and Kidling- 
lon : Andrewes distinguished himself 
at Frinkford, in Oxfordshire, and at 
Shirbnrne, near Warwick : but Lyd- 
cot was defeated and slain at Abthorp, 
by the young Earl of Northampton 
and his three brothers, who fought 
with great courage. During these 
transactions we hear nothing of Sir 
Samuel, who was preparing to resign 
his post, pursuant to the Self-denying 
Ordinance. The townsmen petitioned 
that Cockayne, of Halley, might suc- 
ceed him, but, on the King's advance, 
requested his continuance, and his 
term was accordingly prolonged. The 
following letters, written on this oc- 
casion, are preserved by Rush worth, 
without noticing, however, to whom 
they were addressed : 

1. "Gentlemen, 
"The enemy lies this night at fforZ-o- 
roughf and all intelligeDCO being tliey in- 



tend for this town, how ill we are prorided 
vou cannot but know ; our hon« and men 
bcinc commanded away, and we, not mhi 
hundred foot left in the town, I desire jou 
as you tender either your own, or oar goody 
to haste hitli^ what men you can, for w« 
have need of two thousand men to man thea« 
works ; they are so large, and at this tiina io 
indefensible. This is all at present can be 
assured you from 
«* June 5, 1645. Your's to serve yon, 
^< 5 o'clock in the morning. Sam. Lukk.'* 

2. « Sir, 

"This Messenjc^er will assure yon that 
his Majesty is at Harborough, and liis march 
is intended either for Northampttmy or this 
place, as the report goeth : therefore I be- 
seech you let the foot belonging to thb gar- 
rison be sent home with all speed, and if you 
can spare us any more, they will be most ac- 
ceptable, for we shdll want above a thott" 
sand men to mau our works in any reasonable 
manner. We want all provisions, and if wa 
escape a storm, we cannot hold out long, 
therefore desire you to consider him wlio if 

" Your*s in all serviceable respects com- 
mandable, . Sam. ItUKi. 

"This 5th of June, 1645, 4 o'clock m 
the morning. . . 

" I beseech you, Sir, let the (lenenl be 
acquainted with our condition." 

On June 7 Fairfax arrived at New- 
port, and rested at Sherinston, whence 
he dispatched letters to both Hooki, 
requesting the assistance of CrotnwelL 
The battle of Naseby followed, and 
Sir Samuel, with his usual vigilance* 
scoured the country in search of fugi* 
lives, whom he forwarded to London 
on the l()th. i His prolonged com- 
mission expired on the 30th, and aAer 
some discussion D'Oyley, Lif&-jguard 
to Fairfax, a native of Turville in the 
county, was appointed, and an act 
passed for re-modelling the j^airiaon. 

Having retired from active semce, 
Luke applied for hisarrears, which after 
some delay were granted, January 19, 
1647-8, amouiiting to 4000/. to be 
paid out of sucli forfeited estates at he 
should name^ : and although his party 
was declining, he had still interest 
enough to be appointed, with hb ftp 
ther, a Commissioner of the Standing* 
Army-Ordinance. He is supposed to 
have'led a retired life at Copte, where 
he was suddenly arrested, in August, 



> Conf. Hudibras, L ii. 985. 

** You are, great Sir, 
" A self-denying Conaueror." 
s Perfect Occurrences, Jan. 15. He would of course select those in his own nsigli- 
bourhood, and probably was not unmindful of Sir Lewis Dives. 

' upon 



1£^.] 



r^ Censor, No. XVL-^Sxr Samuel Luke. 



133 



' upon some information/ and carried 
before Fairfax at Colnbrook, bat spnee- 
diiy dismissed^. In the following 
June, it was under consideration to 
re-instate him at Newport, that he 
might defend or awe the associated 
counties, on the seizure of Pontefract 
by the gallant Morris, but without 
any thing being done 4. Cautious as 
his behaviour appears to have been, 
he vras considered dangerous by the 
new ascendancy, and secluded with 
several other members, December 6, 
but obtained his liberty on the IQth 
by an order of Parliament, and was 
thenceforth unnoticed, his name not 
even occurring (in l650) in the list of 
County Magistrates. An Address was 
presented by the County (Oct. 28, 
l668) to the Protector Richard, of 
which we have only an abridged re- 
port by Powell *, as follows : 

**" The Justices of the Peace, Gentlemen, 
Ministers, Freeholders, and Inhabitants of 
the County of Bedford, address to Richard 
Cromwell, wherein they say, — They are very 
sensible of the great breach the Lord had 
made upon these nations, in the death of 
his (and his Countrey's) renowned Father ; 
yet they cannot but much acknowledge the 
goodness of God, who hath In a great mea- 
sure scattered their fears, and turned their 
mourning' into joy, by his Highness* hap- 
py and peaceful entrance into the Govern- 
ment of these nations, to the astonishment 
of their enemies, and satisfaction of the 
goodness thereof, which they hope is an 
earnest of future mercy, and that God will 
use him to carry on his work in this gene- 
ntiony and make his mountain to stand 
strong : and they pray him to continue to 
imitate his religious rather in being an ex- 
ample of piety and true holiness to these 
Mitions, and that he would prefer to places 
of truth and authority, able men, fearing 
6od» and of known integrity, and that so 
judgment and righteousness may run down 
among us like a mighty river ; and say they 



have thought it th«le duty to give a puUiek - 
testimony of their hearty elections and 
readiness in their several capacities to the ut- 
most of their powers, chearfully and faith- 
^ly to assbt and serve him in the main- 
tenance of the laws and liberties of these, 
nations." 

The signatures appended to this 
precious document are not preserved, 
but we may hope that Sir Samuel was 
more consistent. That he did not co- 
incide with the Uola is evident from 
the political canto, where no mention 
is made of Hudibras. 

When the Militia was re-modelled, 
previous to the Restoration, his merit 
was too conspicuous to be overlooked 
by the Council, who gave him a co- 
lonelcy of foot, with a captaincy of 
horse, and inserted the nauie ot his 
son, Oliver, in the commission of as-* 
sessment6. On the summoning a new 
Parliament he was again returned for 
Bedford, and his name occurs in se- 
veral committees^ . At its close he re- 
tired from public life, but his last years 
must have been embittered by the sa- 
tire in which he makes so conspicuous 
a figure. An obscure poet suddenly 
came upon the stage, like a reinforce 
ment at the end of a battle, with vic- 
tory at his disposal : in his immortal 
production, the Opposition were de- 
scribed in two characters, each the re- 
presentative of a party, under the names 
of Hudibras and Ralpho, similar to the 
univocat portraits of Swift and Aristo- 
phanes8. Tocomplete the resemblance, 
it was necessary to introduce some noted 
individual, as the songs in the Beggars* 
Opera have derived their attraction from 
being set to favourite tunes ; he select- 
ed therefore some 'peculiarities in the 
person, and incidents in the life, of Sir 
Samuel Luke, at the same time re- 
moving every doubt by marking his 
name unequivocally^. Of the other 



9 None of the CHroniclers have ventured to assign a reason for this treatment, and con- 
jecture may be allowed in their silence. On July 20, the King arrived at Wobum ; still 
retaining the shadow of a court, and from thence was successively removed to Latimers, 
Ashridge, and Stoke-Poges. Insurrections seem to have been apprehended, and Sir 
SamnePs moderation may have subjected him to the jeklousy of the Army, to whose views 
he wasnotoriously averse. 

• Merc. Pragmaticus, No. 47. 

<} List of places were Richard was proclaimed, &c. 4to. 

• Merc. Publicus, p. 237. Public Intelligencer, p. 1155. 
? Journals of the H. of C. ad annum. 

• Mitford, Hist, of Greece, c. xvi. s. vi, 
9 Hudibras, I. J . 903. 

** *Tis sung, there is a valiant Mameluke, 

In foreign land, y'clcp'd [Sir Samuel Luke], 
The chasm is thus supplied by the writers of the General Historical Dictionary, vol, vi. p. 
291. Conf. Dr. Grey. An unauthcuticated story prevails, that Butler once lived in the 

servioa 



^1 



194 



The Censor, No. XFL-^Sir Samuel Luke. 



lMi%. 



chanbciere thert it no information that 
can be relied on, and the unimport* 
ance of the majority almost amounts 
to a proof, that they were fictitious. 
The Hero of ' Hudibras* lived to sec 
the second canto, and dying; in Au- 
gust, 1C7O, was buried at Cople on 
«ie 30th. The family became extinct 
in his grandson Greorge, who is com- 
memorated on the pavement of the Pa- 
rish Church, as 'The last Luke of 
Wood-End.* 

Such are the principal features in 
the history of Sir Samuel : the pam- 
phlets of his time contain many particu- 
lars omitted in these memorials, but 
which will neither please nor inform. 
The Diumals, copious in notice, and 
barren in detail, are oflen too trifling 
to engage attention, or too inconsist- 
ent to deserve it. A few words may 
he added on the character of the 
Knight : — ^During the war, before his 
opprobrious title was contemplated, 
we find him alternately praised and 
abused: Birkenhead calls him 'hor- 
rible Sir Samuel, and elsewhere de- 
scribes him as one who abhorred any 
thine comely '* ; Cleveland is merry on 
his diminutive stature", and Neednam 
designates him as a scare-crow **. Yet 
this writer could use different language, 
and even gloze his defects, when en- 
gaged on another side ! * 1 cannot let 
tnis noble commander passe (he says), 
without a just ceremony to his valour 
and activity, who watches the enemy 



80 industriouslVf that they eat^ ileep; 
drink not, whisper not, but he caa 
give us an account of their darkest 
proceedings * : and in another place he 
terms htm ' one that is as tall in ae- 
tivity, courage, and resolution, as any 
commander m all our armies'^.' For- 
tunately we can appeal to better au- 
thority, — before the Restoration, the 
royalist writers, in several tracts \ ex- 
])05cd the dishonesty of many of the 
rebels, and imputed an undue acqui- 
sition of wealth to all. Sir Samuel is 
uot omitted, but no sum is specified, 
and nothing appears against him, but 
the military appointments he held ia 
the war, and resigned as already said. 
Walker observes that the estate'of the 
family was decayed, and thus uainten- 
tionally confirms their integrity. 

We deem the evidence incorporated 
with the text and notes sufiicient for 
our hypothesis, that Sir Samuel re- 
sembled Hudibras, as one of the five 
Crotoniat virgins the Venus of Zeuxis. 
This being allowed, we learn from 
Butler's description, that he was a 
theologian, a hnguist, and a logician; 
in short, that he was versed in the fa- 
shionable literature of the day. The 
publisher of Butler's * Spuriom Re- 
mains' ascribes to him a political 
tract**; specimens of his correspond- 
ence are preserved in various cabinets; 
and exclusive of his connection with 
poetry, he seems entitled to a corner in 
iJritish Biography. 



service of Sir Samuel Luke, and has increased with a succession of writers, like a voUiog 
ball of snow. Wood and Aubrey, who both had access to credible information, an wkh 
thing about it, and it first occurs io an anonymous life prefixed to bis Poem. Tii»mliif^ 
in his Memoir, insinuates that he behaved with Ingratitude : < il me semble qii'il doit 
^pargner le chevalier Lake, son bicnfitteur, que la gratitude et la reconnaissance mniiirt 
Si mettre k convert contre les traits de la Satire de uotre aoteur.' But for the dhnix of 
misrepresentation we are indebted to the Edinburgh Review (Art. Hogg*s Jacobite Reli«i)» 
in which the critic roundly asserts that Butler * lived in the fiimily, supported by tlMi 
bounty of Sir Samuel Luke, one of Cromweirs captains, at the very time ne planned his 
Hudibras, of which he was pleased to make his kind firiend and hospitable patron the hero. 
Now (he continues) we defy the history of Whiggismto match this anecdote, or to produce 
to choice a specimen of the human nettle.' One of that accurate body lately aocusad thff 
Tories of falsifymg English History in the case of Ix«>v Ba^jXixv), not aware that hisftieads 
were equally scrupulous with regard to Biography. Conf. Retrosp. Rev. ii. 369. 

'<> Merc. Aul. passim. 

" Conf. Dr. Grev, P. L i. 41 1. 

>» Merc. Prag. No. 4. 

'3 Merc. Brit. 218, 273. 

14 The Mystery of the Good Old Cause, Tables in Walker's Hist, of Independency, Sec. 
which may be paralleled by the " Peep at the Peers," 1821, an excellent spedmen of 
•uch accusations. 

" Thb tract, entitled * A Coffin for the Good Old Cause,' may have been the produc- 
tion of some cashiered Presbyterian. Addressing the House of Commons, he says, «« that 
your Army is imsettled, is most certain; neither can the course you take settle it, but dis- 
compose it every minute ; for you fill it with strange fkces, which will makf as strange 

cfflClB. 






HinUfor tlie Amelhraiion of Africa. 



Mr. Urbav, Lloyds, July 17. 

IF we were *' to strike a balance'' 
(to use a phrase appropriate to this 
place) betweea Europe and Africa, af- 
ter stating the account fairly between 
them, the former would appear a 
dreadful debtor to the latter; and 
-when the mind reflects on the mild 
and amiable principles of Christianity, 
it is astonishing that such a dreadful 
account exists. 

The efforts that have been made to 
do away this branch of commerce, so 
diabolical in itself, seems not to have 
been accomplished, not even mode- 
rated ; our country, as " acting part- 
ners" in the concern, seems, now- 
ever, to have got rid of the odium 
and the crime; but we have every 
proof of the other partners carrying it 
on with increasing vigour and energy. 
' Africa, the humblest portion of the 
globe, remains a monument of punish- 
ment to itself, and of guilt to Europe 
and Asia, and it seems that the steps 
hitherto taken by the philanthropist, 
influenced by the mild spirit of our 
Religion, have as yet accomplished 
but little : the places chosen for the 
establishment of settlements seem to 
fall short of the high expectations 
which animated the first subscribers, 
and friends towards the amiable views 
they so ardently entertained, of accom- 
plishing their reelings and desires. 

Recent accounts from those settle- 
ments seem to prove, by the many 
deaths mentioned, that, to Europeans, 
its situation cannot be desirable or 
permanent; our men of war on the 
station along its Western shores have 
ever found it sickly, and 1 presume 
there cannot be a more disagreeable 
duty than to be ordered upon it, with 
the additional instructions respecting 
the Slave Trade. 

The central parts of Africa seem so 
inimical to European constitutions, 
that little hopes can be entertained of 
any thing like permanency or increase 
to such establishments within the tro- 
picks. 



195 

We have repeatedly bad lo regret 
the loss of indiyiduals in their -at- 
tempts to investigate this part of 
Africa, although strength of constitu- 
tion, fervour of mind, and a well- 
regulated animal system, have all met 
in the same persons, to forward their 
views, and to establish their endea- 
vours. 

Africa, even after all this, ou&ht not 
to be given up ; because it affords, as i 
have before stated*, the means of 
great advantages to our country. The 
Cape cannot be too attentively settled ; 
it is "the half-way house to India." 
The Southern coast of the Mediterra-* 
nean cannot be too scrupulously 
thought on $ it opens a view for the 
Antiouary, the Historian, and the 
Merchant ; and it must be by pursu- 
ing the object through these channels, 
that the amelioration and relief of its 
poor, injured, and insulted natives can 
be accomplished. 

If, as 1 have before hinted*, well- 
digested plans were laid, hopes might 
be entertained of much being done, 
grounded not on the warm paroxysms, 
of the present day, but on reason and 
prudence. From the present changes 
of time, and their efiects on various 
countries, with respect to commerce, 
we ought not to be behind in consult- 
ing tne good of our own country, 
which abounds in large capitalists, 
the employment of whose means, 
judiciously conducted, would perhaps 
be more for their own benefit, and 
that of their country, than becoming 
bankers to foreign States. 

I have also before suggested * the pro- 
bability of tracing with more ease the 
knowledge sought after, of the inter- 
nal state and situation of this vast 
Continent ; to know which perfectly 
would tend ultimately more to our be- 
nefit than that of a North-west passage, 
which at best is but scientific in its 
views ; but a growing and an increas- 
ing knowledge of Africa is not only 
scientific, but in other points of view 
highly advantageous, and would tend 



effects. It is true, the heads of regiments fyea, and Captains), that have been capital 
offenders, it is not your prudence to trust ; but for the inferior fry (who ever yet have 
been the fastest Ariends to your power, and the publick) to be turned out by wholesale, 
without ft fair and legal bearing, it is not for your own honour nor interest. You see bow 
little a Colonel signifies, where his acquaintance is but green ; soldiers love to be lead by 
those they have bled withal?" Spurious Remains, iii. 187. The writer occasionally 
blunders into exquisite irony. 

• See Part i. 601. 

to 



126 



jifriea,^^On County Courts, 



[Auk- 



to do away the dreadful balance (speak- 
ing as a cooimercial man) which is • 
due from Europe to Africa. 

Permit me, then, to keep up the lan- 
guage of this place, to presume to lay 
before your readers, as " arbitrators,'* 
**how the account stands,'* and the 
best way of closing it, and forming a 
new one. 

Progressive joumies into the inte- 
rior can only be well and safely per- 
formed by short distances at a time, 
and an easy retreat when sickness or 
any other accident prevents its comple- 
tion. It is not acting like a Monsieur 
Pages, about fifty years ago, who 
*• trotted through the deserts of Arabia 
on a camel's back," that can give an 
improving and advantageous account 
to oenefit by, any more than the ac- 
counts of the worthy travellers of our 
nation who have perished in the at- 
tempt; but the easy joumies 1 now 
advocate, and their renewal by sta- 
tions, occupied from the coast to the 
interior, through the medium of com- 
merce, appears to be the only firm 
ground upon which to form our ex- 
pectations. The climate inland with- 
in the tropics seems, by a late medical 
writer*, to have produced what has hi- 
therto been unaccounted for, the Ne- 
gro race. He observes, that ** it ap- 
pears probable, from the reliques of 
antient art, that the early inhabitants 
of Egypt were of the Negro race : if 
then, the Negroes of Africa were ever 
to be civilized, their woolly hair and 
deformed features would perhaps, in a 
long series of years, like those of the 
Egyptians, be changed. On the other 
hanu, their present external appear- 
ance may possibly be regarded, not 
only as a sign, but a cause of their 
degraded condition, by preventing in 
some unknown way the proper deve- 
lopement of their mental faculties ; for 
the African Negroes have in all ages 
been slaves." 

The above quotation may be con- 
sidered as militating against the idea 
of settlements being internally formed 
in the centre of Africa by Europeans ; 
yet it by no means prevents the fulfil- 
ment of what I have suggested — ^ihe 
forming establishments on the Coast, 
in places best calculated to improve 
and increase our commerce and our 
shipping, and to enlarge by that means 

• Pr. Wells, p. 438. 



our knowledge in various respects^ 9$ 
already noticed. 

It IS by this enlarged system only» 
that Africa can aflFord us all the bene* 
fits of which she is capable, and we in 
return do her all the good we can, by 
ameliorating her condition, which the 
best feelings of our nature seem to 
dictate, as the only return we can make 
for the evils we have formerly been 
in the habit of inflicting. 

Yours, &c. T. Walters. 

Mr. Urban, Aug, 7. 

YOUR Correspondent, whose ob- 
servations on County Courts were 
inserted in your last Number, p. SQ, 
has mistaken their nature and consti- 
tution, or confounded them with those 
of the Courts of Requests or Conscience. 
The practice and proceedings of the 
County Courts are in every respect con- 
formable to those of the higher Courts 
of Law in this Country. The Plead- 
ings are in the same form and course, 
and the issue is determined by a J ury, 
in the same manner as Pleas, for any 
amount, or for any cause. There is 
no such thing as the admission of the 
Plaintiffs oath to be contradicted only 
by the production of the receipt for 
the payment of the debt. This ano- 
maly to the Law of the Land, and 
to common sense and equity, exists 
only in the Courts of Conscience'^ 
the existence of which will, in all 
likelihood, depend upon the excellent 
Bill now before Parliament, on the 
introduction of Lord Althorp. 

It is true, that the expense of the 
Proceedings in the County Court is 
disproportioncd to the amount of the 
action now recoverable therein;— but 
in this respect your Correspondent 
shews his ignorance, or his confusion 
of one Jurisdiction for another— as 
the fees stated by him are precisely 
those of a Court of Conscience, where- 
as the costs of an action in tlie Countj 
Court of Yorkshire for one shilling, if 
the parties reside at the verg^e of the 
county, will not be taxed at less than 
iO/. 

This, however. Lord Althorp's Act 
will effectually remedy, if the Legisla- 
ture should not consider whether it 
be prudent or just to exclude altoge- 
ther the benefit (and almost necessity) 
of legal assistance^ at least in the trial 
of the cause. 

My 



lael} 



On County Courts.^Tour in 1798* 



127 



My motive for addressing you is to 
correct a cross error, and a mischievous 
one, whilst a legislative enactment, 
promising so much public advantage, 
is in train. S. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 8. 

A CORRESPONDENT iu your 
last Number, p. 39, has made 
some observations upon proceedings 
in the County Court, which are cal- 
culated to make an erroneous impres- 
sion with respect to that antient tri- 
bunal. I concur with him most fully 
as to the impropriety of a Plantiffs 
being allowed to give evidence in an 
action at his own suit. This is a dan- 

ferous innovation on the Common 
jaw, and is open to the commission 
of great injustice. But the objection 
aHsmg from this mode of proceeding 
is applicable only to the County Court 
of Middlesex, to which a power of 
examining the parties is given by a 
particular Act of Parliament. The 
practice of the County Courts in other 
places however remains as at the Com- 
mon Law, and the Plaintiff must there 
substantiate his case altogether by the 
evidence of witnesses. 

With respect to the mode allowed 
by your Correspondent of recovering 
debts above 40*. by bringing succes- 
sive actions for sums under that 
amount, that, if it is any where made 
a practice is clearly an illegal one; 
but though such a proceeding may 
have occasionally occurred, I feel as- 
sured that it would not be tolerated 
if known. Indeed there is no occa- 
sion to have recourse to such an awk- 
ward expedient, since the County 
Court may hold plea in personal ac- 
tions to any amount by virtue of a 
Writ of Justicies. In the Southern 
Counties I believe this writ has for 
many years, perhaps centuries, fallen 
into disuse, as has the County Court 
itself, in a great measure. In the 
Northern Counties, however, where 
the Court still retains a share of its 
antient respectability, a great number 
of actions, to a considerable amount, 
are determined in this way, by which 
means the heavier expense attending 
, proceedings in the superior Courts, as 
well as a great deal of time, is fre- 
quently saved. The Court is so vene- 
rable from its antiquity, and so well 
calculated to answer the end proposed 
by its Great Institutor in bringing jus- 



tice to every man's door, that it is mat* 
ter of regret to see it fallen into disuse 
in any part of the country. Perhaps 
iu places where it has so long been 
out of use, the utility and existence of 
the Writ of Justicies is unknown, but 
when complaints are making as to the 
administration of justice, it is surely 
proper to try whether a revival of the 
remedies provided by our ancestors is 
not sufficient to remove at least some 
of the evils complained of, before re- 
course is had to innovation. A plan 
which has been projected of appoint- 
ing standing Commissioners, with sa- 
laries to be paid by the County, would, 
I know, be looked upon in those parts 
of the country with which I am more 
particularly acquainted, as a measure 
quite uncalled for, and a most unne- 
cessary addition to county rates, already 
sufficiently heavy, particularly in times 
like the present. Justice is there con- 
sidered to be most impartially admi- 
nistered, and at a reasonable expense 
in the County Court, as at present 
constituted by the Free Suitors, Un- 
der Sheriff, and a respectable Jury. 
From the arbitrary mode of proceed- 
ing in Courts of Conscience, without 
the intervention of a Jury, the unne- 
cessary institution of Courts of that 
description cannot be too strongly de- 
precated. As the subject is one of 
some importance, and is likely to en- 
gage the attention of Parliament in 
the ensuing Session, I trust you will 
excuse my requesting a place for these 
observations in a Magazine so distin- 
guished for advocating the cause of the 
institutions of antient days. Mos. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. g. 

INDULGE me by inserting the 
Journal of another excursion in 
1798, by the same respectable Clergy- 
man, whose former Tours in 1796 and 
1797, you have already inserted in vols. 
Lxxxvii. ii. p. 305 ; Lxxxix. ii. pp. 
25,111. N. R. S. 



Journal of a Tour in 1798. 

June 25. To Canterbury. In the 
afternoon played half an hour on the 
organ. 

June 26. To London. 

June 21, and 28. Business and St. 
Paul's. 

June 29. To Peterborough. 

June 30. Refreshed and well in the 
morning. To the Market, which is 

large. 



'tr>' 



138 



tour of a Kentish' Divine in 1798.- 



[Augi 



large, and neat, with stalls for the 
market-people, as at Salisbury. To 
the Caitiedral: the West front of it 
very magnificent : the inside neat, but 
small ; three windows of painted glass 
at the East end. On return, called 
at a Bookseller's in the Market-place, 
and enquired of him after my old ac- 
quaintance Mr. Image ; found that he 
had been dead about seven years. The 
man spoke of him in affectionate 
terms. Afternoon to the Cathedral, 
the Bishop, Dr. Madan, present : the 
chaunt here as at Norwich. 

July 1. To Sleaford, dined, and 
went to Church. A neat Gothic 
building without; within very plain, 
with an organ ; the service began with 
the hundredth psalm. The Clergyman 
extremely fat, a very Falstaff in size. 

" And if we may judge from the size of his 

calf^ [and a half." 

He might weigh about twenty-three stone 

He read well, and delivered a very 
florid sermon. Sat off for Lincoln 3 
arrived there soon after six. The situ- 
ation of the Cathedral on the hill and 
city below it, presented a grand view. 
Walked round the Cathedral, which 
is indeed a very magnificent building. 

July 2. To the Cathedral : first saw 
the Roman pavement which has been 
discovered about five years, and is in- 
deed a great curiosity, as the various 
coloured stones, cube formed, as dis- 
jjosed with great art and beauty, and 
regularity, in different yet correspond- 
ing shapes, are in excellent nreserva- 
tion. The inside of the Church is 
very -fine, abounding with Gothic 
work, with little (xiinted glass. Only 
two beautiful windows at the cross 
ailes, and one at the East end : there 
is an historical picture over the altar, 
which I could not make out, but was 
told it was the Angel releasing Peter 
out of prison. Staid service. Then to 
the parade. The Regiment, the 34th, 
lately returned from the West Indies, 
thinned by disease, &p. and now nearly 
full of boys,, recruits. Then walked 
down thefatiguinghill, through wretch- 
ed, narrow, broken, and ill-paved 
streets, to the bottom street, which is 
large, lona;, and well paved. After 
dinner walked to the Newport-gate, 
and the Mint-wall, both evidently of 
great antiquity, and Roman works; 
but the gate seems falling to ruin fast, 
though now perfect. To the Cathedral : 
after service amused myself with play- 



ing on the organ. Examined the pic^ ' 
ture at the altar more closely, and con^ ' 
fess I should not have discovered theliis- 
tory without being informed of it 1 the 
Angel has a very effeminate look« 
more like St. Cecilia than an Angd 
from heaven ; the figure of Peter is- 
indeed better, but not excellent. After 
tea, again to examine the old Roman 
wall, and Newport gate, the arch of 
which is indeed extraordinary, con-' 
sisting of hewn stone of a very great 
size, unconnected and unsupported by 
any key-stone. The center ot the arch 
is very low; but that is visibly occa- 
sioneci by the earth being raised greatly 
under it, so that it originally was of a 
well-proportioned height. From thence 
to the parade for half an hour, and 
then home. 

July 3. Left Lincoln (before tenX 
which, with all the advantage of its 
situation on a hill, descending to the 
river, is yet a dull and nninteresting 
place, with people passing the streets: 
The Cathedral, indeed, is an object of 
pleasing grandeur ; but the Uastle, 
which I visited this morning, has no* 
thing in it worth notice, only the fofti^ 
ncss of its situation, overlooking the 
Swan-pool below, and the distantcoun^^ 
try round. Passed throu^ Spittal* 
once a large Roman town, now ton* 
sisting of only one farm-house, a good 
inn, and a low solitary Chapeh 
From thence to Glan ford-bridge, and 
dined. This place, which they called 
Brigg, is a small, but neat ana paired 
market town, with a good river 'fbr 
barges. From thence to Barton-new- 
Inn, on the shore of the Humber, and 
arrived about four o'clock. Therbad 
from Lincoln is perfectly straight, an4 
raised for more than foorteen mileill 
I must not leave Lincolnshire vrithoot 
noticing the remarkable beauty of id 
towers and steeples; one is particularij 
straight in a little villaze caHed Wit 
loughby, not far from Sleaford. It is 
impossible to behold the beauty of itt 
tall spire, and the variety of its e!e|EaDt 
workmanship, without admfration vaA 
astonishment how so fine a buikKhg 
should be erected in so 'mean a village^ 

July 4. At eleven o'clock set sail 
in the Hull packet from Barton. The 
vessel large and commodious, with two 
cabins. The fare for each person ttolj 
six])ence ; and the company in numbet 
was about fifty. As the day was 'fint*, 
with a light breeze, almost every bod^ 
chose to be on deck, and the scene 

was 



183SJ Intended Cluutkfar tha ITeM Poor of Laerpool Iflfll 

wta very ikligfatful. The Thames it Liycrpool, which, u a largt town, is 

btti a narrow rtYu)et» if compared Id unique in possessing only one parish^ 

the Homber. The passage lasted about conaecpientiy the aggregate nnmbar of 

ao h<mf, and was truly agreeable. As persons unprovidecl witn sittinn, caii<« 

we approached the shore, two large not be proved, in the mode deniifid by 

ships nred several guns, which at our the Act of Parliament, although is 

Imiding we firaBcTlo be Americans, particular districts abundant proof 

firing on the occasion of the anniver* could be aBbrded. They have, oow« 

sary of their ladejpendence, and an ever, some hope of receiving assistanes. 

immciise number ot American sailon, from a private sneiety instituted iai 

with hats bound with bitie ribbon, re- London for the same eommendablo 

turned the salute on shore, from the purpose, which has greater latitude in 

pier, with cheers and music. Landed the disposal of its funds. They place 

at twelve; went to the Neptune, full reliance that the Ck>rporation of 

Walked on to the Quay, which is Liverpool, with their usual liberality, 

far^, and crowded with vessels, exhi- will grant them a plot of land free of 

biting a scene very like that before the eharge, in an eligible situation, for 

Tower of London. Many ships had the building, as soon as an adequate 

American colours flying, ana their sum shall be collected for its erection, 

sailors singing and dancing in the pub* and as the amount of the subscriptioyt 

lie-houses. After dinner walked the depends less upon a few handsome 

whole length of the noble Quay, and giUs(however gratefully acknowledged) 

then turned down the large and nu- than a muUilude of small ones, the 

merous streets, which abound with success of the measun; rests mainlyon 

very elegant shops of every kind, to individual exertion and support. The 

the Market-place, in which is an eaues- Church is calculated to contain 1200> 

trian statue of William the Tnird. persons, of which 700 are to be^ee 

On the Quay met a great number of sittings, and the estimate is 5000/. 

the American sailors, two and two. The amount of the contributions 

with drums and fifes, and preceded by already received is 1126/. 12f. 

two persons, one bearing the British, At a time like this, when the light 

the other the American colours, a siga of the Gospel is shining so gloriously, 

of friendship, which gave me pleasure, and diffusing the lustre of its beams to 

They stopped at the Ship tavern, and the remotest verge of earth,— when 

saluted their offieers with three cheers. Nations, sunk in die abvss of barbarism, 

who out of the windows answered are warmed by its influence into tlie 

them in the same manner. Each ofB- knowledge of everlasting life ;-*-^haU a 

cer had the cufis of his coat tied round multitude of our fellow-beings, asso-* 

alio, with blue ribbon. ciated with us by the hallowed ties of 

(To he continued,) kindred and of country, be alone ex« 

^ ■ ■ eluded from participation in its effuU 

Mr. Urban, Liverpool, July 30. gence ? Shall the blessings of instruc- 

I WOULD sooner have replied to tion, the consolation of relieion, the 

your correspondent Ap-R. ApH. knowledgeof the mercy and we power 

(vol. xci. L p. 6g0) who 1 am happy of God be alone denied to those who 

to find takes a lively interest in tne from th^ir very situation have a doublo 

welfare of the "Ancient Britoos,'* claim upon our assistance? Shall we 

if I bad been in earlier possession of pour out the streams of our bounty 

any facts not stated in my previous afur off, in the land of the stranger, 

communication. I am now able to whom, save in the spirit of Chrisdau 

tend you a view of the intended Welsh charity, we care not tor, and shall noc 

Church, in which your readers will those around us taste thereof? Forbsi 

observe that the object has been to com^ it, every just and noble sentiments— 

bine with utility, as much neatness as forbid it, mercy and the love of Grodrrw 

prudence and cconoiuy would justify. forbid it, the liberality of British feel-. 

I understand the Committee have ing ! It is not a mere matter of loeai 

failed in their endeavour to obtain a interest, where nearly 20,000 of our 

9um of money from the Commissioners fellow-creatures are shut out from in-« 

appointed to manage the Parliamentary struction in their native tangue, which 

f;i;i'ant for buildingj Churches, on ac- alone they are able to eoniprehcnd; it 

pouDt of the peculiar parochial state of is the common cause of Christianity, 

GsNT. Mao. ^^[v^y, i$es. the 



Thi Legality of Eaatir Dues' pmed. 



130 

the cause of every tov^er of. religion, and 
of virtue, and doubly the cause of 
every true friend of the Church of- 
JBngland. 

' The mind of man, even in its rudest 
state, is so conscious of its own frailty, 
and the necessity of divine assistance 
and protection, that it will seek know- 
ledge from whatever polluted source it 
may chance to flow, and these our 
helpless and unprotected countrymen, 
abandoned to the depth and darkness 
of their ignorance, it the Established 
Church, in whose bosom they were 
nurtured, will afford them no place of 
public worship, no means of nearing 
the exposition of the Book of Life — 
will flee to the Tabernacle, which, so 
zealous to increase its proselytes, is ever 
open and ready to receive them. How 
can we declaim against secession from 
our Church, when we ourselves, from 
our own carelessness and inactivity, 
compel them to desert it ? 

• Yet do I not rest the merits of the 
ease on the particular tenets of indivi- 
dual worship, but on the broad basis 
of universal religion. It is not now 
the question whether they shall hear 
this or that shape of instruction, but 
whether it shall be in any wise granted 
to them ; nor do I appeal to any dis- 
tinct Communion, but to every deno- 
mination of Christian people, to aid 
\vith the ability that God has given 
them, so noble and so divine a purpose 
-^a purpose, which having the eternal 
as well as tem}K)ral happiness of man 
for its principle, cannot but in the 
event, ensure the blessing of Heaven. 

Yours, &c. S. R. 

• Mr. Urban, Aug, 13. 

ON perusing your Magazine for 
June, p. 620, I was very much 
surprised to learn that it has been 
stated, that a Serjeant-at-Law has given 
it as his opinion, " that the demand of 
Easter dues could not be supported.** 
Your correspondent *' Carthusianus," 
however, contends that " the Judges 
of the land have ever spoken a far dif- 
ferent language," and with him I per* 
fectly agree. The law respecting Eas- 
ter dues, or Easter offering, appears to 
me so plain, that any stripling whose 
scrip is furnished with a copy of Bum*s 
Justice, would be sufficiently prepared 
to go forth and overthrow the cham- 
pion of the Committee of Protestant 
Dissenters. There, under the head of 
** Tithes,'* we are referred to a statute 



l*«t^ 



which the Le^islatare enacted, at w«lk 
for *' the more easy and efiisctaal ^te» 
covery" of the offerings in quettioD» 
as small tithes ; in short, that the e&* 
pence and delay of an action at law 
might be avoided. This statute is the 
7th and 8th William III.c. 6. and at 
follows : 

« For the more easy and efliMtsal- reeo* 
very of small tithes, and the vahie of than* 
where the same sludl be unduly subtneteA 
and detained; where the same do not 
amount to above the yearly value of forty 
shillings from any one person ; be it goad- 
ed, &c. That all and every, person and pet* 
sons shall henceforth well and tmly set QHt 
and pay all and singular the tithes* cdii- 
moniy called the small tithes, and compoai- 
tions and agreements for the same, wim aU 
offerings, oblations, and obventions, to ih» 
several rectors, vicars, and other persons ft 
whom they are or shall be due in their seoertA 
parislies, according to the rights, ciotoMfy 
and prescriptions commonly used toOkin the 
said parishes respectively ; and if any permm 
or persons shall hereafter subtasct or with* 
draw, or any ways fail in the true paymtsA 
of such small tithes, offerings, obtatiansy ofrr 
ventions, or compositions as t^oresaidy bj 
the space of twenty days at most* after 
demand thereof, then it shall or may be 
lawful for the person or persons to whora 
the same shall be due, to make hb or their 
complaint in writing unto two or more of 
his Majesty's Justices of the Peaee, whertf 
the same snail grow due ; neither of wUA 
Justices of Peace is patron of the Cfameii or 
Chapel whence the said tithea do or ehall 



arise. 



The statute then ^oes on to statA 
that two or more justices of the peaee 
as aforesaid, may summons every such 
person ^against whom any complaint 
shall be made as aforesaid, and shall 
hear and adjudge the case, and gi^ 
such reasonable allowance and cona* 
pensation as they shall judge to ' be 
just and reasonable, and also such 
costs and charges not exceeding ten 
shillings, as upon the merits of the 
case shall appear just. It further stales, 
that on refusal to pay af\er ten days' 
notice, the constables may distrain tne 
goods and chatteb of the party so re^ 
fusing or neglecting, and afier detain- 
ing them three days, sell the same, and 
satisfy the sum and charges, rendering 
the overplus. 

This statute was amended in the 
reign of his late Majesty George III. 
as appears from c. 127, a. 4 1 by which 
one Justice of the peace is now qua* 
lified to receive the original complaint, 
and empowered to sumixipn any party 

before 



« 



BgfffHam HUroglyphick IVriiing, 



131 



re two or more jusUces for a sum 
xceeding ten pounds^ having been 
ed by the aforementioned statute 
rty shillings. 

Dw had the Clergyman in the 
hern county, to wnom " Carthu- 
is'* alludes, acted according to 
itatute, instead of instituting against 
"adical recusant a suit in the Lccle- 
ieal Court, he would, I think, have 
li sooner brought the matter lo a 
ination. The worthy Vicar of 
Hirish in which I reside, has been 
>elled to act under its directions : 
great number of individuals, trust- 
n the infallibility of their leader, 
tupidly resist, affirming that when 
• Watson has been compelled to 
lis dues, then and then only will 
pay theirs. Should this letter 
the eye of any of your Clerical 
ds similarly situated, I hope they 
Bct in a similar manner : persuad- 
1 1 am that if they yield, the time 
not be long distant, ere further 
mchments on the property of the 
•ch will be attempted, the down- 
)f which many contemplate with 
utionary and frantic joy. 

Yours, &c. OxoiriENSis. 

r. Urban, Aug. 14. 

^CE the beginning of this prc-r 
sent century, I have allowed my- 
to indulge very flattering hopes, 
the literary world was on the eve 
ing astonisned or delighted by two 
rtant discoveries; a key to the 
jries of Egyptian hieroglyphics, 
a key to tne inscriptions found 
iabylonian bricks, and Persepoli- 
aaroles. But year after year has 
ed, and, with respect to the hie- 
phics, all my pleasmg hopes would 
>w changedfinto absolute despair, 
withstanding the labours of Zoega, 
blad, Silvestre de Sacy, Champol- 
and others) did not the ingenuity 
perseverance of pur learned coun- 
in. Dr. Young, still justify the 

sanguine expectations. Mean- 
J, respecting trie Babylonian and 
politan writing in those letters 
h the French denominate " ca- 
•es h, clous,*' or nail-headed, and 
;cnerally, arrow-headed, or cunei- 
, I much fear that, although 
sen, the late venerable professor 
istoch. Bishop ^iQnter or Copen- 
1, Lichtenstein, Grotefend, and 

able philologcrs, have devoted 



cansiderablo attention to the subject, 
not one line, not even one word, hat 
yet been satisfactorily explained : in 
fact, the very language of those in- 
scriptions, however numerous the con* 
jectures of&red concerning it, does not 
appear to be ascertained. While some 
assert that the writing runs, like He* 
brew or Arabic, from right to leftj 
another would read it in a perpeodi-* 
cular direction, like the Chinese: and 
others, (with whom I agree,) from 
left to right, like Latin or English. 
From Mr. Grotefend's system of de- 
ciphering the Babylonian inscriptions, 
some accomplished Orientalists of my 
acquaintance were; at first, inclined to 
anticipate the most successful results : 
but their hopes seem latterly to have 
subsided; and the contradictory opi- 
nions of those writers above mention- 
ed, are still to be examined. Perhaps 
some learned Correspondent would 
have the goodness to inform me, 
whether any attempts more recent 
than Mr. Grotefend*s have been made 
towards the deciphering of those arrow* 
headed characters. 

Reverting to Egyptian antiquities, I 
would inquire, at what period may we 
suppose the art of hieroglyphic writing 
to have ceased. The celebrated Father 
Kircher (in CEdip. -Slgjpt. t. iii. p. 
484.) declares his opinion, that the 
custom of embalming human bodies 
had been discontinued with the art of 
writing in sacred character, immedi* 
ately after the conquest of Egypt by 
Cambyses. Yet, five centuries after 
this event, (or in the 30th year before 
Christ) the bodies of Antony and Cle- 
opatra were embalmed according to 
the Egyptian manner (see Dio Cass. 
L. II. §.11 and 15. Malala, Chron. 
p. 284.) ; and so lately as the fourth 
century of our aera. Saint Antony re- 
quested that the monks might not 
send his body into lower Egypt, lest 
it should be preserved in houses : fiii 
»(PrtTi Tivag ro auixac fAov Xocfiuv Ui 

Qmroti — a passage explained by Saint 
Athanasius, (for to him is attributed 
the life of Saint Antony) as signifying 
that the Egyptians would not conceal 
the body under ground, {fAin k^wtuv 
^i wo ynv : St. Athan. Op. T. ii. 

K. 502,) &c. Thus Kircher seems to 
ave formed an erroneous opinion on 
the subject of embalming ; and we 
must suppose him equally wrong con- 
cerning 



139 



Old Watn^nsi9r Jbbqf.-^B^n BmUOcc. 



(Aug. 



ceroing the period at which hierorij# 
tihic writing ceased in Egypt. This, 
indeed, is sufliclently proved hy the 
RosetU stone, that gem of antiquity, 
the ornament ef our ^eat National 
Mnseam, which exhibits a lon^ hie* 
roglyphic inscription, executed in the 
time of Ptolemy Epiplianes, nearly 
three hundred years atter the conouest 
of Egypt by Canibyses, as appears from 
c Greek inscription on the same pre* 
cious monument. M.Y. 

Mr. Urbau, ^ug. 15. 

AT a late trial of the Pix, I was 
. permitted to take a view of a cu- 
rious Portion of the Remains of the 
Church, erected by Edward the Con- 
fessor, at Westminster ; but the glance 
was so momentary, that I could make 
no observations. As this part of the 
venerable Abbey is never seen, but on 
occasions similar to the above, a de- 
scription of these Transepts, from 
the pen of your late excellent Corres- 
ponoent, J. Carter, will be perhaps 
gratifying to others who were pre- 
sent, besides myself^ many of whom 
regretted not being able thoroughly 
to examine these curious Remains. — 
••The Crypt in which the Pix is de- 
posited, (now secured by means of many 
a^ curious lock and key) was originally 
part of the Southern transept of the 
Confessor's Church. Further South, 
other ailes are carried on, converted 
into a hall, cellars, &c. The style 
is consonant with the Saxon Archi- 
tecture of the 10th century. This 
transept gives a double aile, divided 
by very massive columns, simple or- 
naments to some of the capitals, to 
others elaborate fohase ; from column 
to column semiciroular arches, with a 
plain band or architrave ; ditto formed 
groins succeed, but without ribs. In 
tnat portion of the Transept where 
the Pix is deposited, is a stone altar 
table, attendant piscina*, &c. The 
attar, a plain pedestal form, raised on 
two steps, and capped with a cant arid 
pUt-band mouldings ; the piscina is 
oomi>oeed of a shoit column, with a 
base md capitid of many mouldings. 
The windows are plaki, with a circu- 
lar head : not the least vestige of a 
Pointed Arch to be seen.** . ^I.R. S. 

* In your Magazine for 1814, p. 9. %• 
V. IS a view of the double ailes of the Trsn- 
sept, looking East, with the altar and pis- 
cina, also two Capitals in ditto. 



Mr. Uabav, Eoii Bomn, Aug. BO. 

I TAKE the liberty of trcrabling^ 
with an explanation, unquestion- 
ably as it will appear the tme one, of 
some Greek words, which have ex- 
cited much attention ; from the cir- 
cumstance of their being prefixed to 
most early Editions of the EIKHN 
BASIAIKH, and without any refer- 
ence to the Author from whose works 
they are taken. 

TO XI OYAEN HAIKHSB THN 
nOAIN, OTAE TO KAnHA, 

involve an Enigma sufficiently, obtcufe 
to have puzzled (£di pus himself. 

When the passage first fell voder 
my observation, a solution occarred 
to me, which, however, the gram- 
matical construction does not support. 
If the article joined to an indeclinable 
noun, had partaken of that property* 
the words might haTe been rendered 
— He (the King) had not in any re- 
spoct injured tlie State, either by his 
hand (to xO X**P*^ } or by hit hcod 
(to mmicvu) xf^»Xvj. 

Fortunately I mentioned the sub- 
ject to a Gendeman, enfeinenUy qua- 
lifted by his abilities, learning, and 
extensive reading, to solve thtt or any 
other classical difficulty; to the fiave- 
rend Doctor Cardew, who ibr many 
years supported the credit and Tcputa- 
tion of the school atTruro, in Cornwall, 
for sound and elegant literature on a 
level with our most extensive national 
establishments. 

Doctor Cardew had the goodness to 
refer me, by a letter, to the works of 
the Emperor Julian, where, in the 
MisopoGON this passage occara:^^ 
To x^ i^na-i*) ov^» n^txnn m* vaKiv, 
evSi TO KKinret' rh juiff mtav tbmvo tik 
i/pjripe; ao^ucq to Auriy|Mft, oimmwcu 

•iro Ti|{ vpT^poK vXtmt, a?ilwj|;Oy> 
tcpxeti evojLiarao 4iHU r« y^ftifmnny 
^iiXovv a* f9A.Bf TO /bu» XfMiToa va it 

Kvycrrocrtiof *. 

And again : 

Y/AE»; ^f «VTM; mfViiti^KUTt • • . Off 

* Chi et Kappa {inqjuit} nihU oiviltta 
nocueront. Hoc sapientis vestne Ma^fpaB^ 
quale est, difiieile est intalligere : Qoa fesaea 
quosdam vestrum inteiprctas nacti, didiei- 
mus his literis nominum quoran^aBi laitai 
ugni6cari, altera Chistun^ altera Cbnstaa- 
tium declarsri. 

ToXf^ 



tSSS.] M€4t0 M BwHUpkct io Eikon Batilike explained. 133 

tvX^Mf fw x» 5 '"^'^ ^* •!*** ••••'* ''^^ ■ ^ hope 'soTOB of yonr learoed CorrespoD- 

lUtrTA*. f See SpttrJ^emttti* Edition of ^ents wiU oblige at with the meaxung. 
Jttlxan, 2 vols. fol. primed at Lcipsic Yours, &c. A.B. CD. fitc." 

hi 1696, vol. I. pp. 357 and S60.) 

The literal translation will therefore (Extract from p. 611 J 

be, ** Christ has not in any thing in- "Mr.UnaiN, Minehead, Dee. 10. 

jared the State, nor has Consiantine.*' " I wonder that nobody has given a true 

But from the whole context it is cvi- exposition of the motto in your Magazine 

dcn^, that by the words Christ and -omeUme smce, (see p. 268) which made 

GoiMtantine. are meant the Ecdesias- "^/*^^ «*> Grammar, wherein I find a 

tical Establishment, and the Regal "^e ^Jl discover • true construction, viz. 

^r^m «^a»aijtiai tttvti.., « ~q Articulus neotrius genens prseponitur qui- 

Pbwer; SO that the passage may be y,^^ dictioniW rM^t*^ id 1st, 

fredy given m English by our wcl p,^ ^^^^^ acceptis, ut to it^m^ non 

known exclamaUon of "Church and ^at homo. To x" »» y^txwn th» woxiy. 

King for ever." «3i t» KATIIIA. 

The Misopogon and other select The initial letter for xfifp^^ » %> «»d 

works of Julian are given in our own you find by the rule ro shews it to be the 

language by the Rev. John Duncombe picture of Charles, and K the initial letter 

C8 Tob. 8vo. 1784). who jointly with for Cromwell. And as in the Rebellion K.' 

his father, Mr. William Duncombe, Charles's party broke Cromwell's picture, 

published the well-known Translation w Cromweirs party broke King Charles's, 

and Imitations of Horace. which caused the man that drew them both 

I am the more induced to trouble ^.r^^/"^ •^ T^ r^*'.' *^* ^P 



you with this statement., as the sub- ^^^^"^^^^^ZZ^^ 

lect has been already noticed m your J„^ jy ^ y^^ ^y^ ^^^ neither did 

hirfily valuable Kcposilory. Cromwell's. As x w the Greek letter for 

In the Gentleman s Magazine for Carolus, so must K be the initial letter for 




proposer himsdf ; but on such fanci« 

ful grounds, that I shall venture to Mr.UaBAW, l^xfori, Aug.Hl, 

gubioin a transcript of the question ^^N reading die review of "%yptian 

and answer, for the amusement of \J Memoranda" (vol. xcii, 1:443.) 

those among your numerous readers^ I ^^^s induced to offer a few remarks 

who may not find an easy access to a qjj ^q^ work, not quite coosooant to 

Volume of seventy years standing. ^©se of the Critic. 

It would seem strange that a sen- ^n attempt to illustrate the tomb 

tcnce so very obscure had not been il- ^f Psammis, or Amasb, after tlie fai- 

Instrated by a reference at least to the luj^ ^f ^ n^ny Sgavans, must be 

work in which it might be found: deemed the result of iself- confidence 

but the Editor of King Charles's Ma- ^^ ^jje part of its author. One new 

nnscript, while he borrowed success- opinion, is broached, and with some 

fully an apt quotation from another reason t 

royal Author, felt unwilling perhaps ,, ^ ^^^^^ j^ ^^ observed, that it can- 
to weaken its authoriW by adding not be decided whether this magnificent ck- 
thc name, usually marked with oppro- cawtion b really the identical tombof Psam- 
bhmi, of an individual, who Irad pur- ^^^ the son of Necho ; or of Pharaoh Ne- 
sued a course . directly opposite from cho, and formed by the affection of his son; 
that of the King in their theological many emblems would induce the latter opi- 
careers. DayIES Gilbert, j nion, particularly as the titles and honours 

I. of Psammis are those usually appropriated 

(Extracts from voL xtiu p. 969 J to the living monarch by the Egyptians ; 

" Mr. Urban, Minehead, May 22. w>d those accompanying Necho, m usually 

« Under the portraiture of King Charles ««Mable to the dead....... Over the dow is 

tin Fint, which (together wHh eoroe em- spread the most striking decoration of this 

blenatical devices) is the frmtbpieoe to the staircase ; tlie tulelaiy wmgeipoddeisJ^», 

Elum BmnUKii, are the foUowing vrmiB : surmounted with emblems, iduch, explained 

Th Xi ^ i5J/«i»<n Tt,. -ixiv, ^i ri Kwm^cL. by Dr. Young> eapressivtly pomt out her 

* Voe auteni nunc his contraria retulistis * Rhea, according to Lieut. Wilford, is 

.; me Chi helium indix}sse> et Capjta derived from Hrufa-^evi, or the bashful or 

desideratis.— >iSjrn<rAemiuj. inodest goddess. Dissert, on Semirarois. 

office 



Tomb of Psammis.^Herodoius.'^ London Bridge. {^^UK^' 



134 

office in this symbolic representation : < Erer- 
lasting honour to the powerful goddess, the 
daughter of the good genius that attends on 
the commands of the greatest of deities ; 
the directress of the son of him who dis- 
pensed comforts to the upper and lower 
countries.' The names of Psammls and Ne- 
cho are on each side of the goddess, under 
which are two enlarged Phylacteries of the 
names of Psammis and Necho The in- 
scription expressing this goddess as the di- 
rectress of Psammls, would more strongly 
mark the erection of this tomb by him, iu 
honour of his &ther, as it conveys a marked 
impulse by an act of filial reverence, which 
would scarcely have been called forth by the 
appropriation of the tomb to his own obse- 
quies, pp. 16. 19. 

A third supposition has elsewhere 
appeared, that the Tomb was built in 
honour of Amasis *, but without rest- 
ing on strong evidence. Had this 
work been published as observations 
on the Tomb alone, without entering 
into the Isaic Mysteries, Mummies, 
and Embalming, on which last topics 
we have been informed usque ad nau- 
seam, it would have made an elegant 
addition to the new Oxford translation 
of Herodotus. A new edition of that 
writer is announced in the same quar- 
ter, and while it is yet in the press, I 
may venture a hint on the subject. It 
would be a benefit to students, were 
the chapters distinguished in the same 
way as the Porteusian Bible : that is, 
were civil, local, and natural history, 
designated by different marks. From 
the confused system, or rather the to- 
tal want of it, in that valuable work, 
much unnecessary trouble is occasion- 
ed, which might easily be removed by 
a little pains on the part of its able 
Editor. N. 

Mr. Urban, Southwark, Aug. 22. 

THE subject of a new Bridge, across 
the river Thames, near to the 
scite of the present London Bridge, 
and the approaches to it, have of late 
been mucn agitated ; but I think. Sir, 
that the subject has not been contem- 
plated with a view to that grandeur 
and convenience which the principal 
entrance in a commercial city so im- 
portant as London demands. Various 
plans, it would appear, have been sub- 
mitted to Parliament, and to the Bridge 
House Committee, relative to the con- 
struction of this bridse, and the scite 
on which it should oe erected ; and 
out of these I have no question, but 
one both convenient for the navigation 

* See vol. zci. ii. 353* 



of the river, and the acooipniodation of- 
passengers, may be selected ; but, I am 
Kee to confess, that every plan that 
has hitherto been submitted, wi^ re- 
gard to the approaches to the bridge, 
are highly oojectionable. I would 
take leave, therefore, to recommepd 
that the approach on the Ci^ ude 
should terminate in Cornhill in a kind 
of crescent, opposite to the Bank o£ 
England ; this may be effected by cut- 
ting a street across Lombard-street, the 
old Post-office, continuing a line across 
Abcharch - lane. Cannon - street » tlw 
upper part and East angle of Laurence 
and Pountney-lane, across Martin's 
and Mill's-lane, to the East of Fish* 
monger's Hall, the scite now inteuded 
for the bridge. By this plan very little 
property would be disturbed, as the 
new street by crossing so many old 
ones in an oblique direction would 
find itself continually in the street, as 
it were ; two or three houses in each 
street being the utmost that would be 
required to be removed, whilst the stee^ 
and dangerous entrance into the city, 
so much experienced in Fish-street 
Hill, would be obviated by the road 
winding across the side of tne hill, in-, 
stead of directly up it. Fish-stxeet 
Hill would however remain as a con- 
venient approach from the eastern part 
of the City. 

As to the approach on the Boroac;|i 
side, I would submit that in additioii 
to Tooley-street and the present Bo^ 
rough entrance, which should be. turn- 
ed westward to the entrance of thQ 
bridge, that the grand entrance should 
commence at St. Margaret's Hill, and 
continue through the Borough u^irkek 
on the West of St. Sayioitts Church. 
By these means, trade in the old eiU* 
blished streets would remain undis- 
turbed, whilst commerce in general 
would b^ materially l>enefited by th^ 
removal of those obstructions which a^ 
present prevail. 

One word as to defraying the jcx-i 
pences, and I have done. Parliaments 
It appears, are willing to provide a por- 
tion of the money, and the enonpous 
funds of the Bridge-house estatn, we 
are told, are adequate to the remainder, 
and the yearly revenue of these, during 
the building of the bridge* will amply 
provide for contingendes ; but takuqg- 
It for granted that the impnyvement* 
which I have suggested should be at* 
tended with some additional expence, 
how is this to be provided for? the' 
answer is this: the Bridge-house estates 

within 



imft.^ Ntvi Quadrangle at TrinUy College, Cambridge. 135 

Within th^ last fourteen or fifleen years TRmiTv College, CAMBittDGS. 
have been improved prbdigiotnly by On Tuesday, 12th August, the birth-day 
the cranting of building leases in of our most gracious Sovereign, being ap- 
St. George's Fields, ivhefeby many pointed for laying the first stone of the newr 
thousand houses have been erected 3«~l»ngle at Trinity (Allege, to be caUed, 
on 61 years' leases. Now as part of byRoyal permission, m^i7^.(7aur^ the ce- 
tbis period is already run out hy the 'emony took nlace, attended by all those cir- 
nua |iciiw « ai*«. y uw ""> "J « cumstances of pomp and splendour whch be- 
effluxion of time and before the com. long to so interesting an occasion. His Ma- 
pletion of the bridge will be much jesty had previously been graciously pleased 
more so, the Committee could readily to signify to the College, in his capicity of 
raise a very large sum of money by Visitor, his Royal sanction to this Import-, 
way of fines for extension and renewal ant undertaking ; and to accompany thae 
of leases, — a plan that is now adopted sanction by a munificent donation of one 
on the Portman estates, and various thousand pounds in aid of the funds for car- 
Others. Should these ideas, hastily rying on this grand design. As a furtber 
put togeiher, meet with your approba- ^^^^ of his gracious approbation, he con- 
lion, I shall be much obliged by your descended to appoint a proxy to represent 
inserting them in your Magazine, his Royal person in laying the first stone ; 
trusting it may be the means of calling ^^ havmg nominated the Speaker of the 
^1 ' ^^° .. ■'/•*u *• • • j'~*;.i . House of Commons for this purpose, the 
the attention of the parties immediately ^„j^^, ^^ ^^^ ^.^^ H^^ Gentlemin at Tri- 

mterested to the subject. ^j^y College, on Monday evening, was an- 

Yours, &C. ABOR OUGHMAN. nouncedbyamerrypealfromSt-Mary'stower. 

W ' Early on the rooming of the appointed 

Mr. Urban, -^^^T* 23. day the town presented an appearance of 

I HAVE been for some time en- lively gaiety and bustle, unusual at this pe- 

gaged in the preparation, with riod of the year; and the fineness of the 

other gentlemen, of a supplementary day drew out thousands of well-dressed per- 

volume to the Pantologia of Drs. sons, who, from every direction, rushed to- 

GooD and Gregory, in which not wards the avenues of the College, anxious 

only all the most recent improvements to witness the pleasing spectacle, 

in the various arts and sciences will be J^^J^""?^ ^'^^ condescending kindness 

detailed, but in which also sketches of 1^^^|\^" ^-T'^ 1^ ^''° P>""^ *° '^"^ 

, ,. ' r iu * • .. u the University on tins occasion, suggested 

the lives of the most eminent men who ^^^ p^riety of conferring an honol^ de- 

have died smce 1808 will be given ; to- g,ee on\iis distinguished Representative. A 

gelher with a description of the various Convocation was accordingly held on Tues- 

geographical discoveries, the political day morning, at eleven o'clock, when the 

alterations in the different states both Right Hon. Gentleman was, in full Senate, 

of Europe and America, besides nu- admitted Doctor in Civil Law. In the ab- 

merous other important additions. As sence of the Public Orator, the honour of 

the Pantologia is professedly a word- presenting the Speaker devolved on the Rer. 

BOOK, it is intended that the Supple- Dr. Chatfield, of Emmanuel College, 

nient shall contain not only all the ad- The preparations for laying the stone bc- 

ditional words in Todd's Johnson, ^?S complete, the Members of the Univer- 

butalso a variety of others, which, al- «'ty ^»«^^Wed m the Senate-house at half- 

^t u 1 ,1 K --v ^-./ I I '. P^t one o clock, where a profusion of fruit 

though employed by respectable writers, P^^ ^.^^ ^ ^^.^^^ ^^^^^.^ refreshment. 

or are in well-known use, have escaped ^t two o'clock the academic body, in full 

the researches of our Lexicographers, costume, left; the Senate-house. 

It is chiefly with a view to the last The effect of the numerous procession, 

subject, that I trouble you. Sir, and as it moved round the spacious area in front 

the Readers of the Gentleman's Ma- of the Public Library, and towards the Col- 

gazine, in order to say that any com- lege, was truly imposing; and the ringing 

munications relative to our yet unno- of bells, the cheers of the multitude, and 

liccd words, or any thing which may the admiration of the spectators, gave a 

tend to explain or define more correctly I'^^^^y cbahicter to the joyous scene. On 

those already in our Dictionaries, or a^i^^ng f* tbe King's gate, the procession 

authentic biographical particulars of ^received by the Master, Fellows, and 

eminent men^deceased, will be very J;" tbe pdent Members of th^^^ A 

^ , I ^ r . *u* 1 ^ band of music, stationed withm the cate, 

acceptable to me for this supplemen- ^,^^^ ^^ '^^^ ,^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^,,^1 

tary volume. Such communications g.^te procession having advanced, the Aca- 

may be addressed to me at the Metro- demlc body joined the train. 

pohtan Literary Institution, London. The members of the procession having 

Yours, &c. James Jen n I m GS . taken their resjjective stations on the ground, 

the 



136 New Quadrangle at TVint^ CoUegt^ Cambndgt, C^ni^ 

the Rer. James Scholefield, M. A. Fellow of to return my hewtfelt thuke to the UnV* 

the CoUcge^ delivered a XaUa oretioaf in YersUy et hrge Ux the dUtinguished hanoni 

-whlch> after some appropriate lemarka. on which has just been coofenid upon xoei 

the day of his Majesty's birth» so auspi* and fully aware of the imper&ct maimer in 

ciously chosen for this important ceremo- which I have expressed myself in reference 

nialy he took occasion to pay some elegant to the grand object of thb day, I have only 

compliments to his Mije8ty» the Royal Pa- to request that you will give me credit fbr 

tron of the College* and to the Speaker of the utmost sincerity ; and to assure yoa 

the House of Commons, both as the Re- that whilst engaged in layinc the foun&tion 

presentative of the King, and as an iUus- of this noble undertaking, 1 feel the fullest 

trious mepaber of the society. Oonfidenoe in its suecwss and stability." 

The Speaker, addressins the Master of Tbe upper part of the foundatioii-stoBe 

Trinity, expressed himself nearly to the being then elevated, the Master preseBted 

following enect t — <' Although I have, fbr the gold, silver, and copper coins of ths 

some years, been engaged in public duties, i^resent reign to the Speaker, who pbof4 

I can sincerely state, tliat in no situation them in the cavity prepiured for their receii> 

have I ever felt greater embarrassment than tion, and covered it with a plate bearing toe 

at the present moment. Among the many following inscription : — 

disqualifications which belong to mc, I am qvod . felix . favsttmqvk . sit 

conscious that in replying to the eloquent in . honorem 

and classical speech of tbe Rev. Orator, want sanctje . et . individv£ . TRiKiTATit 

of habit has too much impaired my know- atqve 

ledge of the language in which it was deli- AD . ecclesije . bt . reipvblicjk 

vered, to permit me to address in a similar bmolvmentvm 

manner the learned assembly before whom I ex . decreto . magistkx • et . sbniorvm 

stand. Indeed, impressed as I am with the favente . item . reliqvo . sociortm 

grandeur and tbe importance of this solem- et . discipvlorvm . ccett. 

nity, I am but too sensible that even in my H£C . movarvm . jeoivm • fvmoamenta 

native tongue I shall but feebly and inade- jaciebat 

quately express my feelings on the present vir . honor atissimvs 

occasion. Having now tne honour, by the carolvs . manners . sutton 

gracious favour of His Majesty, to fill a jvssv . regis . avovstissimi 

situation so pecifliarly flattering, I am proud GE0R6H IV 

to acknowlec^e my deep sense of the obli- vicem . ipsivs . gerens 

gations conferred upon me; and I feel this prioie . idvs . sextilis 

obligation the more, firom tbe cordial at- m.dcccxxiii. 

tachmcnt which I have invariably cherished Tbe two parts of the foundatioB 

for tbe College wherein I had the happiness being then fastened together, and tile 

to receive my education. The splendid edi- having been raised to a proper hewlity A* 



fices of thu magnificent foundation, great architect (W. Willdns, £f q.) handed a 

and spacious as they appear, are, however, trowel to the Master, who presented it to 

inadequate and insufficient for the reception the Speaker, when the Right Hon. GsatU- 

of the numerous students who come from roan spread the mortar, and the atooe VB9 



every part of the kingdom with an anxious lowered, the band playing Rule 

Asire to be received within its walls. We The Speaker then applied the level^ iSim 

have, therefore, now commenced a work square, and the plumb-line, in the castoiaUT 

which is in the highest degree worthy of form, and having ascertained that the woik 

tluit Royal and distinguished patronage and was triie, concluded the ceremony by striUv 

mimificence which cannot fail to animate the stone with the mallet. 

the College in the prosecution of their ex- The Rev. Dr. Wordsworth, Master ofitlie 

tensive and arduous undertaking. In no College, then put up an appr o priate pvajtr. 



country are the benefits and blessings of The Anthem, Praiu the Lardy O 

education understood so well, and valued so [em, was suns by the Choir. 

high, as in our own ; in no country are the ■ Afber which the ViCE-CuAWOELLOft. pm* 

means of a religious, learned, and liberal nounced the benediction ; and the comnoay 

education so abundantly supplied : witness concluded with the national Apthem of Gfii 

our .renowned Universities, wherein a reve- save tite Kijigt in which the ssitmhlod nal« 

rcnce for religion, and a fervent attachment titude enthusiastically joined^ iblkurii^g {$ 

to our institutions, are so strongly inculcat- by hearty cheers. 

ed. They are ojicn to all orders of society. The procession then lef^ the eroonds ib^ 

and the advantages of them, in educating the many thousand spectators who had been 

persQns destined for all the learned profea- admitted to witness tne interestfaig ceraaMBj 

sions, as well as for tbe situation of states* departed, evidently gratified by the protwdT 

men, is fully acknowledged, and proves that ings of the day. 

whatever adds permanency to their success Tbe Masters and Fellows genre a sus^toeb^ 

must also add strength and utility to tbe dinner on the occasion, in the CeUi^a-laJI| 

best interests of our country, in Church to about 1 50 gentlemen. 

and State. Allow me, before I conclude, REVIEW 



IS3»0 . [ 187 ] 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



S6. The History and AntiquiHes qf the Ab' roots so spread themselves among the 

ir«yC*»rcA^5<. Peter, Westminster; in- graves, and become so big and nu- 

cbtdmg Notices and Biographical Memoirs merous, that to avoid the trouble and 

^ the Abbots and Deans of that Founda- inconvenience of cutting or sawing 

tion. Illustrated by John Preston Neale. them, the same graves are prematurely 

The whole qf the Literary Department by opened for successive intermenu, and 

Edw. Wedlake Brayley. 4to. 2 vols. Fa- sometimes bodies are indecenUy (not 

lioudy paged, without risk of spreading contagion) 

THIS is a very splendid book, with crowded together. Nor do we like 

capital plates, got up in the man- statues and busts in churches, which, 

ner of Mr. Britton's best works, and j^ our opinion, are thus converted in- 

truly honourable to the authors. to picture-galleries or halls. Churches 

Westminster Abbey, to say nothing vve would limit exclusively to devo- 
qf the grand but obvious combinations tional objects. These are our opi- 
of ideas which it offers to the mind, nions, in which perhaps many of our 
is considered the finest church m readers will not coincide; and pcr- 
Englahd, with regard to its monu- haps a fine table-tomb, with the effi- 
niental appendages. We are, how- gjes of a founder at the head of a 
ever, far from thinking that tombs in choir, just below the steps to the al- 
general are decorations in the best tar (undisfigured by rails) ; perhaps a 
taste of fine Gothic buildings. They series of such tombs each side ot the 
patch the walls, pillars, areas, and centre aile of the nave, and some par- 
other parts, with discordant incongrui- ticular arrangements, may not be un- 
ties, injure the pattern, as a whole, pleasing; but mural slabs, Grecian 
and very often, with regard to country figures, and busts under niches, arc, ia 
churches in particular, look like pla- our opinion, inharmonious inconpui- 
cards stuck upon walls, to the great ties and deformities. The antique 
disfigurement of the edifice. The an- shrine and the table tomb, however 
tient burial chapel, with a rich table- injudiciously placed, are, in our opi- 
tomb in the centre, had a solemn and nion, the best and most consistent 
imposing effect; and we think that fqrms of Christian sepulchres, and 
one or more distinct buildings for placed, as they often are at Westmiu- 
maiisolea, which should be entirely ster, in burial chapels, i. e. Christian 
devoted to the exhibition of inonu- mausolea, are then fine and becoming 
mental memorials, with bas-reliefs of appendages. Upon the whole, in 
the Resurrection at the end opposite every thing connected with churches, 
the entrance, would be more accord- ^ve would have the Gothic form ri- 
ant with taste, effect, and intention, gidly preserved; and in mausolea of 
The miscellaneous manner in which our own plan, would admit no marble 
tombs are scattered about church-yards chimney-pieces on the wall, or urns, 
is also unfavourable to appearance in or genii, but have both the buildings 
the best form. No architectural ob- and ornaments in strict Gothic styfe. 
jects look well in a jumble. If Of course we would rather see the mo- 
church-yards were divided into proper dern superb monuments placed, instead 
sections, and the grave-stones placed of Westminster Abbey, in a rich gal- 
ttk orderly rows, with walks between, lery annexed to the Heralds* College, 
the effect would be better, especially and have them merely considered as 
if the exterior walls all round were memorials unconnected with religious 
Imed with shrubs. Trees, unless the ideas. We, however, stop in time, 
church-yard be very roomy, however as we begin to be alarmed at the ec- 
pleasing the aspect in a picturesque centricity of our opinions; though the 
Tiew, are not eligible for the follow- foundation of them is sound ; viz. that 
ing reason : they have little or no ef- where there are many objects intend- 
Ibet till they grow large; and then the ed for exhibition, both manner and 

0BifT. Mag. Augusty 1 823. place 



138 Rbyibw. — Neale and Brayley*8 History of ffeslmintter Abbey. [Aug. 

place should be adapted to the pur- the Second^ who was saddled with the 

pose. The monuments in Westmins- shrew Eleanor, 

ter Abbey and St. Paul's are memo- Nothing is so tiresome and uniform 

rials, and nothing else. They are a as the private history of Abbies; for it 

proper finish to heraldic honours. simply consists in the following few 

We shall now proceed to the Work unvarying things, — purchases of small 

itself; and we regret to see the follow- estates, and privileges from the Pbpe 

ing paragraph in the Preface: for securing their own independence 

" My hopes of increasing the interest of against Bishops, very reasonably, be- 

the work, hy an examination of the histori- cause otherwise they might pass their 

cal archives belonging to the Church it- lives in tlie monastery, and have 

self, have not been gratified." — Preface. strangers put over their heads j and 

This observation confirms what we squabbles with their own superiois 

have before stated, that all Corporate and neighbours, from collisions on 

Bodies should be obliged by law to questions of indulgence of the Monks, 

print and publish their evidences, or pecuniary interests. Not twenty 

When a private individual buys an es- law-suits in a century have ensued 

tate, there may be, as he has given a among their ecclesiastical Protestant 

valuable consideration for it, a justifi- successors in the form of Deans and 

able reason for his holding in privacy Prebendaries ; so opposite are their 

his title deeds; but there is not a Cor- characters. 

porate Body in this kingdom, lay or With regard to Henry III, being 
ecclesiastical, the endowments of which called founder (see p. 41), though only 
are not pure matters of benefaction, or a benefactor, we beg to obsene, that 
whose estates are not of more than CO it was the etiquette of the day to call 
years undisturbed possession. Being, the King of the time being, founder of 
therefore, mere holders in trust for any Abbey to which he made a dona- 
specific purposes, we cannot see why tion. It appears from page 6l, that 
their eviaences should not be printed. Henry III. was in the naoits of ab- 
Good, and not mischief, has ensued staining from meat upon SatunUyt, 
from the publication of Dugdalc's Mo- though the usual fasting day of all 
nasticon. ranks was Friday throughout the year. 

The next point of consideration is Boccacio (Day li. Nov. 10) obsenreif 

the date of the foundation of the Ab- ^^at many people observed Saturday as 

bey, and the pre-existence of a Teni- a fast, in honour of the Virgin Mary. 

pie of Apollo on the spot, both which The Popular Antiquities a£l further 

affirmations are brougnt into dispute, explanations. 

because they are only mentioned in The following incident is riditinloot: 

spurious charters. But why should a .. i„ ^^^ i„j ^ ^^ ,j^ .^^^. ^^ 

temple be mentioned, and particularly bot Litlington, Ihough at that tima imHm 

of Apollo, unless there had been a tra- seventy years of age, prepared himacif wSL 

dition to that effect? We wish such two of his monks to go armadto the Mar* 

questions to be tried by history. Mr. coast, to assist in repdUng a thzaateaed ia- 

Turner has proved by contemporary vasion ^ the Frencn. One of thaae moab 

authority, that the Romanized £(ritons named John Canterbury, is described at ba* 

possessed and practised all the arts of i°g *o extremely large, that when Ma aim- 

their conquerors ; nor can there be a **"' ^" carried mto London to be aold* oa 

doubt but that many villas and tesse- 'he invasion not t^mg place, ao panaa 

lated pavements ascribed to Roman codd be found of sufficient site to wear it.- 

military men in service, belonged to ' 

natives of this island ; nor is it at all We have read of certain Biahops 

unlikely that the site being a waste, (Peter de Rupibus was, we thiuK, 

it was given for the foundation of an one) who were excellent Grenerah ^ 

Abbey, such donations beins the very but we have not much opinion of the 

commonest mode of benefaction. Tra- military knowledge of Aobot Litling* 

ditions should not be arbitrarily re- ton, in choosing for a soldier an im- 

jected, unless they are improbabilities mense fat fellow, who, .a9 such* was 

or absurdities proceeding from igno- of course ill qualified to bear 1;he active 

ranee. fatigues of service* 

In pa£e 33, we have a trifling mis- The following account of Grotliiq 

take. Nlatilda, the good wife of Henry architecture by Sir Christopher Wien, 

the First, called the Queen of Henry though printed before in the Patenta- 

lia. 



IB^.] Rbvibw. — NeaXe trnd EvAy\ey*s History of M^estminster Abbey. 139 



lia, is very informing, and sufficiently 
unknown, we presume, to most of our 
readers, to vindicate oar extraction of 
it:— 

** The SarBcen mode of building seen in 
tbe But, soon spfead over Europe, and par- 
ticularly in France 'l^, the fashions of which 
nation [Italy Sir Christopher should have 
added, as an equal archetype] we affected to 
imitate in all ages, even when we were at 
enmity with it. Nothing was thought mag- 
nificent that was not hi^h beyond measure, 
with the flutter of arcn-buttresses [flying 
buttresses] so we call the slopiug arches, 
that poize the higher vaults of the nave) ; 
the Romans always concealed their hut- 
ments, whereas the Normans thought them 
ornamental. These I have observed are the 
first things that occasion the ruin of cathe- 
drals; from being exposed to the air and 
weather, the coping, which cannot defend 
them, first failing; and if they give way, 
the vault must spread. Pinnacles are of no 
use, and as little ornament ; the pride of a 
very high roof, rabed above reoionable 
]utch, IS not for duration, for the leadt.is apt 
to slip; but we are tied to this form, and 
must be contented with original faults in 
the first design. But that which is most to 
be lamented, b the unhappy choice of the 
materiab ; the stone is decayed four inches 
deep, and falls off perpetually in great 
scales. I find, after the Conquest, all our 
artists were fetched from Normaudy ; they 
loved to work in their own Caen-stone, 
which is more beautiful than durable : thb 
was found expensive to bring hither, so 
they thought Kyegate-stone in Surrey the 
nearest like their own, being a stone that 
would saw and work like wood; but it is 
not durable, as is manifest ; and they used 
this for the ashler of the whole fitbric, 
wliieh M now dbfigured in the highest de- 
cree : thb stone takes in water, which be- 
ing fiuzen, scales off; whereas good stone 
gsfthers a crust, and defends itself, as many 
of our Englbh free-stones do. And thou&h 
we have also the best oak timber in the 
world, yet these senseless artificers would 
work (as in Westminster Hall and other 
pboes) their own chesnuts firom Normandy ; 
that timber b not natural to England ; it 
works finely, but sooner decays than oak. 
The roof in the Abbey b oak, but mixed 
with chesnut, and wrought af);er a bad Nor- 
man manner, that does not secure it from 
stretching and damaging th« walls ; and the 
water of the gutters is ill carried off.*' 

P. 179. 

" The angles of pyramids in the Gothic 

* Mr. Haggitt, in his excellent Iietters 
on Gothic Architecture, has proved in a 
BMsteriy manner these positions of Sir 
Chrbtopher. 



architecture were usually enriched with the 
flower the boUnbts called Caiceolus [the 
< Ladies' Slipper,'] or Cypripedium CaleeoUu 
of Linnaeus, engraved in Sowerby's Englbh 
Botany, pi. I, which b a proper form to 
help workmen to ascend on the outside to 
amend any defects, without rabing large 
scaffolds upon every slight occasion." P.18S. 

King Henry the Seventh's Chapel 
is the building described in Mr. Foe* 
broke's Monastic Poem (Brit. Mona* 
chism, new edit.) by the foUowins 
lines, which have been often quoted, 
as an excellent poetical illustration of 
the florid Gothic. 

" So fell the Monkish fane, and we might deem. 
Were here and there not ivied ruins spread. 

It ne'er had been ; or but a first sleep's dream ; 
It fell, and doom'd to hide her banish'd head, 
For ever Gothic Architecture fled ; 

Forewain'd she left in one most beauteous place. 
That much might of her antientfame be said. 

Her pendant roof, her windows* branchy grace. 

Pillars of duster'd reeds, and tracery of lace." 

The age of Edw. III. is justly deem- 
ed, on the whole, the Bnest aera of 
Gothic architecture ', but " this cha- 
pel, the most florid example of the 
pointed style of architecture that exists 
in this country,'* well merits the fol- 
lowing eulogium : 

** Leland calls this chapel ' Oibis Miraew- 
lum,* or the < Miracle of the JVcrld',* and 
though the justness of his encomium may 
reasonably be questioned, it cannot be de- 
nied, but that the architectural splendour of 
this edifice is of the highest order. The 
boldness and ingenuity of the design, and 
the scientific principles evinced in car- 
rying it into execution, excite our admira- 
tion in a very extraordinary degree , nor is 
the interest at all decreased by its exuber- 
ancy of ornament) the Pointed style admk- 
tiug of that extreme variety, which in clas- 
sic architecture would be deemed a defect. 
In the construction of the vaulting, and in 
the airy elegance exhibited by its pendant 
drops and elaborate tracery, we discover the 
most profound geometrical skill, united to 
luxuriant invention and good taste ; its 
sculptured figures, various in attitude, and 
correct in form, have been distinguished 1^ 
the approbation of one of the most eminent 
artbts of the present time [Mr. FlaxmanJ, 
and its casts in metal, as displayed in the 
figures, and alto-relievos on Henry's tomb, 
have probably never been exceeded." 

Both Mr. Neale and Mr. Brayley 
deserve the highest commendation for 
the manner in which the account of 
this celebrated Chapel is got up. The 
plates are numerous, of the first execu- 
tion, and the best taste ; and the letter- 
press lb a n)o:>t elaborate and judicioas 

dis* 



140 Rbvibw.-— NeeOe and Brayley'i History of Wesiininiier Abbey. [Atig; 

dissertation. We shall give a succinct 
SDmmary of its leading points. 

The nrst stone of the Chapel was 
laid Jan. 7, 1502-3, and completed in 
about twelve or fourteen years after 
that period (p. 5). The ex pence was 
about 14,000/. (p. 6.) Sir Reginald 
Bray, and Bishop Alcock, usually con* 
sidered the architects, have no more 
pretensions to that honour, than the 
rrior of St. .Bartholomew's, or even 
the King himself and Bishop Fox. 
(pp. 9, 10.) [Our own opinion is, 
that aJl these parties had a concern in 
it ; and that plans were laid before the 
King of parts or the whole, at first or 
subsequently, for the Royal approba- 
tion. This we infer from the several 
parties being mentioned.] Henry died 
in 1509, ^vhen it may be assumed that 
the building was completed to the 
vaulting. Torregiano made the Royal 
tomb, the "closure" of which had 
been commenced before the King's 
death. Four years afterwards, in 1 5 16, 
another indenture was made with Tor- 
regiano for erecting a rich canopy and 
altar, " within the new Chapel, which 
the foresaid late King caused to be 
made at Westminster by the 1st of 
November, 1519." It is therefore as- 
sumed, that the internal arrangements 
of this magnificent structure were en- 
tirely completed at that period. P. 1 7. 

Here we shall give Mr. Brayley's in- 
teresting apostrophe : 

<' When the Chapel was thus finished, its 
storied wlndowB * richly dight,' and its va- 
rious altars provided with the costly services 
of plate, crucifixes, images, mass-books, 
embroidered drapery, and other ornaments, 
bequeathed by the founder, its appearance 
must have been superb in the extreme ; and 
the solemnization of the religious rites for 
which it had been built, must have been 
most impressive, when the glow of lamps 
and tapers, the glittering vestments of the 
priests, the haimony of music, and the 
many other circumstances of pomp and 
ceremony, interwoven with our antient 
worship, were superadded to the gorgeous 
effect of such a splendid scene. At the 
high altar, called < our Lady Aultre,' inde- 
pendentlv of its other decorations, were a 
Cross of wood, covered with gold, and a 
large statue of the Virgin, resplendent with 
Jewellery. The altar within the grating of 
the King's tomb, which every where shone 
with gold, was still more magnificent ; and 
on all festival days, in addition to its co- 
loured marbles, pillars of gilt copper, im- 
.perial crowns and arms, < bal^n ymages of 
erthe^' of kneeling angels, bearing the em- 



blems of the Cradfixion, a Chrbtf tfeds»«o» 
loured, and histories of the NativilT «id 
Resurrection, — it was gartUMhed mh a 
' grate pece* of the hotie Crosae*' innasad 
in gold, and adorned with pearls wad pre- 
cious stones, and also with the 'pceoioast 
relique of oon of the leggs' of St.G«oigc 
set in silver, parcel gilt, which had beia 
brought from Milan In Italy." pp. I?* !•• 

The edifice has been restored at the 
ex pence of the nation, in its origiiial 
prfection, by Mr. Gayfere, **thc Ab- 
bey mason,*' to his eternal homour. 
The merit of Mr. Gayfere is beyiond 
praise ; it is only second to the plan of 
the original building. He has done 
in architecture, without the aid of 
Coade*s manufactory, what every man 
in the kingdom would have aeemed 
ijnpossible, upon h priori aspect. ¥ar, 
let it be considered, that 

** There is no other edifice in the Idng- 
dom, the extenud ornaments of which have 
been spread over its surfiice with sacfa war 
berant luxuriance, as those of. Henry the 
Seventh's Chapel. It would seem» indeed* 
as though the architect had intended to 
give to stone the. character of embroidefy; 
and inclose his walls within the meshes of 
lace-work. With the exception of the 
plinth, every part is covered by scol^ptiiial 
decorations ; tne buttress towers are cr es t ed 
by ornamental domes, and enriched by nldMS 
and elegant tracery ; the cross springen ir 
perforated into airy forms, and mm veij cor- 
nices and parapets are ohitrged even tojpm- 
fiision with armorial cc^^zancea and knotl- 
ed foliage." P. 27. 

He is not an Englishman who does 
not glory in Westmmster Abbej; and 
should there be any who do not, nay 
their home-bred grandmotheia -cot 
them off with a shilling. We shall 
therefore make no apology for oontiDO* 
ing the subject, in order to ptwe a foil 
view of one of the grand lions oToU 
England ; but of this in oar next. 

27. Travels in various ComUrkt ^jTEenpSy 
Asia, and Africa. By Edward DnisI 
Clarke, LL.D. Part the T/drd. Soudi- 
navia. Section the Second, 4to. jnu ftM. 
T. CadelL 

IT was with a painful interest we 
saw announced the publication of 
these Remains of our most distin- 
guished modern Traveller. The vo* 

* We have had in oar bands a Croea» 
with a very small piece of wood in the cen- 
tre, called wood of the holy Croas. The 
words '^grete pece" an therefim (fobaUy 
used in £stInction. 

lume 



1S2S.] 



Rbvibw.— Dr. Clarke's Travels. 



141 



hune wai in preparation before hb la- 
mented death (see vol. xcii. ii. 274), and 
twelve chapters even printed under his 
directions: " the rest (says the Preface) 
have been composed from the observa- 
tions contained in his manuscript 
journals', which have been strictly ad- 
hered to, with a few exceptions ; and 
in the parts where they were deficient, 
some assistance has been derived from 
the Kmarks found also among his pa- 
pers which had been commuuicaled 
to him by friends who had visited the 
North of Europe." 

The mantle of Dr. Clarke has not 
fallen on an unworthy successor, so 
far as relates to the authorship, — the 
facts are the Author's own, and, al- 
though the utmost discordance exists 
among travellers, even on points on 
which it is difficult to conceive there 
couid be two opinions, yet the gene- 
ral fidelity and correctness of the tra- 
vels of Dr. Clarke are universally ac- 
knowledged. Scandinavia is his theme, 
—how he has treated it, our extracts 
will show. Our author commences 
with an account of Christiana and of 
an amiable Norwegian, Mr. Anker, 
whose house, horses, carriage, and 
purse, were ever at the service of the 
Traveller. The Norwegians are fond 
of whist ; the gentlemen play the game 
and smoke, even in the company of 
the ladies, and mark the points of the 
game with chalk on the table— even 
at the house of the Governor. 

There is not in all Norway a book- 
seller's shop, the trade of bookselling 
beins left to the grocers ; the literature 
df Christiana may, therefore, be consi- 
dered at a low eob. Dr. Clarke visit- 
ed the silver mines of Koningsberg, of 
which he observes, among a variety of 
curious geological or rather mineralo- 
gical observations, that— 

" The silver, as it was before stated, oc- 
curs in lumps of native metal : but so un- 
usual b this circumstance, that when the 
mine was first discovered, many refilled to 
give credit to the fact of such masses being 
actually brought to light. We shall men- 
tion some of the most considerable. The 
first is that preserved in the Royal Museum 
at Copenhagen ; its weight bemg five hun- 
dred and six^ Danish poimds, and its value 
five thousand rix-dollars. It is a mass of 
native silver, nearly six feet in length^ and 
in one part above eighteen inches in diame- 
ter. Similar masses were discovered in the 
year 1680, and in 1719, and in 17S7, which 
severally weighed from two hoodied and 
fifty to two hundred aad eighty, and three 



hwidred pounds, each. In the shaft catted 
St. Andrew, a piece of pure silver was iamaA, 
in 1727, weigmng two Hundred and seventy- 
nine pounds ; and, in the same year, ano- 
ther, weighing Uiree hundred and four 
pounds, was found in Ood's Blessing shaft. 
These occasional masses, occurring casually 
in the rock, and being soon interrupted in 
their passage throi^h it, or dwindling gra- 
dually to nothiue, the miner must c<Hitinu« 
to dig through the barren stone until he has 
the good fortune to meet with more of the 
same nature, which, in one day, may re- 
ward the fruitless labour of months, and 
perhaps of years." 

Dr. Clarke visited the iron mines of 
Presberg, of which he gives an inte- 
resting account. Though he had, 
during ten years, been much accus- 
tomed to viewing such works, yet, he 
says, he never saw any thing to equal 
these mines : — 

<< For grandeur of effect, filling the mind 
of the spectator with a degree of wonder 
which amounts to awe, there is no place 
where human labour is exhibited under cir- 
cumstances more tremendously striking. As 
we drew near to the wide and open abyss, a 
vast and sudden prospect of yawning ca- 
verns and of prodigious machinery prepared 
us for the descent. We approached the 
edge of the dreadful gulph wnence the ore 
is raised ; and ventured to look down ; 
standing upon the verge of a sort of plat- 
form, constructed over it in such a manner 
as to command a view into the great open- 
ing as fitr as the eye conld penetrate amidst 
its gloomy depths : for, to the sight, it is 
bottomless. Immense buckets, suspended 
by rattling chains, were passing up and 
down : and we could perceive ladders scal- 
ing all the inward precipices ; upon which 
the work-people, reduced by their distance 
to pigmies in size, were ascending and de- 
scending. Far below the utmost of these 
figmres, a deep and gaping gulph ; the mouth 
of the lowermost pits was, by its darkness, 
rendered impervious to the view. From 
the spot where we stood, down to the place 
where the buckets are filled, the distance 
might be about sevens-five fathoms; and 
as soon as any of these buckets emerged 
firom the gloomy cavity we have mentioned, 
or until they entered into it in their descent, 
they were visible; but below this point 
they were hid in darkness. The danking 
of the chains, the groaning of the pumps, 
the hallooing of the miners, the creaJung of 
the blocks and wheels, ^e trampling of 
horses, the beating of the hammers, and the 
loud and firequent subterraneous thunder 
from the blasting of the rocks by gunpow- 
der, in the midst of all this scene of excava- 
tion and uproar, produced an' effect which 
no stranger can behoM unmoved. We de- 
scended with two of the miners and our in- 
terpreter. 



142 Review. — Dr, Clarke*8 Travels, [Aug. 

terpreter, into this abyss. The ladders, in- but as several other Parem^ equally Goigo- 
stead of being placed like those in our Com- nian in their aspect, jpassed swiray by iis,| 
ish mines, upon a series of platforms^ as so hastening tumultuousfy towards the en- 
many landing-places, are lashed tosether in trance, we began to perceive, diat if we n- 
one unbroken fine, extending many nthoms i mained loneer in our present sitiiadaii« 
and being warped to suit the inclination or Atropos might indeed cut short the threads 
curvature of the sides of the precipices, they of our existence ; for the noise of the haa- 
are not always perpendicular, but nang over mers had now ceased, and a tremendooa 
in such a manner, that even if a person held blast was near the point of its exploaion. 
fitft by his hands, and if his feet should ha|>- We had scarcely retraced, with all speed* 
pen to slip, they would fly off from the rock, our steps along the level, and were be^a- 
•nd leave him suspended over the gulph. ning to ascend the ladders, when the fell 
Yet such ladders are the only means of ac- volume of the thunder reached us, ea if 



cess to the works below: and as the la- roaring with greater vehemence 

bourers are not accustomed to receive pent amongst the crashing rocks, wheneeg 

strangers, they neither use the precautions, being reverberated over all the mioey U 

nor offer the assbtance, usually afforded in seemed to shake the earth itself with its 

more frequented mines. terrible vibrations.*' 

'< After much fatigue, and no small share a i.'ii r • • .1. . ^ 

of apprehension, we at length reached the „ ^ Still more famous mine is that of 

bottom of the mine. Here we had no soon- Fahlun, m Delecarlra where a siDgjl. 

er arrived, than our conductors, taking each ^^\ ^^^i^®"A, occurred a few monthl 

of iis by an arm, hurried us along, through before Dr. Clarke visited it :— 
regions of * thick-ribbed ice* and darkness, c< Some men, attempting to steal e qme- 

into a vaulted level, through which we were tity of the sulphate of iron, with which the 

to pass into the principal chamber of the mine abounds, on being disturbed, fled, 

mine. The noise of countless hammers, all leaving their torches burning 1 by whieh 

in vehement action, increased as we crept means combustion took place amongst the 

along this level; until, at length, subduing timber of the works, which commimioated 

every other sound, we could no longer hear to the /»T/ri/cj; and has continoed ever 

each other speak, notwithstandmg our ut- since, in spite of all the endeavours made 

most efforts. At this moment, we were for its extinction. At thU time it was 

ushered into a prodigious cavern, whence thought that the progress of the fire had 

the sounds proceeded j and here, amidst been checked; but the mine sent forth sol- 

fidling waters, tumbling rocks, steam, ice, phureous fumes, like a volcano; and it was 

and gunpowder, about fifty miners were in greatly to be feared that the conflagntion 

the very height of their employment. The might extend to the lower part of^woiln, 

magnitude of the cavern, over all parts of ^hen the mine would inevitably be desHoy- 

which their labours were going on, was ed. Mr. Gahn, however, surprised us, by 

alone sufficient to prove that the iron ore is stating, that, notwithstanding aU the dia- 

not deposited in vems, but in beds. Above, advantages consequent upon thu fire, if 

below, on every side, and in every nook of they can succeed in arresting its progiase, 

this fearful dungeon, glimmering tapers dis- and keeping it, as it were, under some Usid 

closed the grim and anxious countenances of dominion, very considerable profit wmM 

of the miners. They were now drivbg bolts arise from it, in the quantity of the sulphate 

of iron into the rocks, to bore cavities for of iron (green vitriol), which may he e»U 

the gunpowder, for blasting. Scarcely had lected from the roasted jByritef. The made 

we recovered from the stupefiwtion occa- ^hich they have adopted for cheokiiw tUs 

sioued by our first introduction into this fire, is by stopping up all the pass«Mp 

Pandaemonium, when we beheld, close to us, ^hcre it is found spreading, by means oF % 

hsgs more horrible than perhaps it is oossi- double wall ; leaving only as mnch air « 

ble for anv other female figures to exhibit, may be necessarv to support oombuslioft, i 

holding their dim quivering tapers to our those chambers where its contimiaace — 

^u:es, and bellowmg in our ears. One of prove advantageous." 
the same sisterhood, snatching a lighted r\p ^\. '^ \p 

splinter of deal, darted to the spot where ^^ *"« »«»"e itself, our author aayt, 
we stood, with eyes inflamed and distilling « The mine of Fahlun is an enonsoas 

rheum, her hair clotted with mud, dugs crater, shaped like a sugar-loaf, with its 

naked and pendalous ; and such a face, and point downwards ; the same shspe baviiiK 

such hideous yells, as it b impossible to de- been that of the natural deposit of the |sy- 

scrlbe : — riUms copper here found. The base of thk 

' Black it stood, as night-fierce as ten fu- jno"™;"* conic^ mass of ore, lyhig upwards 

yi^g ° towards the surtaoe, was the first part worlr* 

Terrible as hell'- •^^ ^•.***« galleries for its excavation wevs 

necessarily extensive, and the props for anp- 

If we could have heard what she said, we porting the roofs of the differ e n t chambers, 

should pot have comprehended a s^rllable : consisting often of valuable ore, were, of 



course, 



1893.] Rbview.— Fiew of Literature of the South of Europe. 143 



cotlrtei left as sparingly as possible, it hap- 
Ifened, from the avidity and carelessness 
of the workmen, that there was not enough 
left to sustain the pressure of the superin- 
cumbent matter towards the snr&ce ; and, 
consequently, m the year 1666, the whole of 
the upper part of the mine, that is to say, of 
the base of the inverted cone, fell in, and 
gave rise to the open crater we are now de- 
scribing. The sides of this crater being va- 
riously coloured by the exhalations from the 
mine and the action of the air upon its 
sides, added to the volumes of smoke and 
vapour rising from the bottom, give it the 
resemblance of the Neapolitan solfaterra: 
but the depth of the Fahlun crater is much 
more considerable ; there is more of vast- 
ness in all that belongs to it ; and the singu- 
lar appearance caused by regular staircases, 
traversing its whole extent, from the lip of 
this immense bason to its lowermost point 
at the bottom, renders it altogether a sight 
in which we may vunly seek for points of 
similitude, in order to compare it with other 
works. At the bottom of this crater, at the 
depth of forty fathoms from the surface, va- 
rious openings lead to the different levels 
and places of further descent into the mine ; 
which, according to the notion prevalent 
among the miners, were originally o|)ened 
in immemorial ages. It would be very cu- 
rious, certainly, if it were possible, to ascer- 
tain in what period the works were begun ; 
and with what nation the Swedes traded 
with tlieir copper, after the mine became 
productive. Its original discovery is lost in 
obscurity and &ble. 

<< The heat of the Fahlun mine is so great, 
that it becomes intolerable to a stranger 
who has not undergone the proper degree of 
seasoiiing which enables a miner to sustain 
it. But then there are causes which tend 
greatly to increase the natural teroperatiue : 
prodigious fires are frequently kindled, and 
at a very considerable depth in the mine, 
for the purpose of softening the rocks pre- 
viously to the application of gunpowder : 
add to this, the terrible combustion which 
has taken place in the mine, threatening its 
destruction. We saw the walls which they 
had constructed for opposing its progress ; 
and the overseers, by opening some double 
doors placed in these walls, gave us a tran- 
sient view of the fire itself, that was at this 
time menacing with its ravages the whole of 
these ancient and valuable works, llie 
sight we had of it was short ; because the 
fnmes of sulphur were so powerful, that we 
found it impossible to renuun many seconds 
within the apertures. By rushing in for an 
instant, we saw enough to convmce us what 
the fate of the mine would be, if the de- 
vouring element were not thus pent, and 
held in subjection by the smothering nature 
of it^ own exhalations. The moment any 
air was admitted from the doors, and tlie 
vapours were thereby partially dispersed, 



whole beds of pyritous matter appeared in 
a state of ignition ; the fire itself becoming 
visible : but our torches were extmguished 
almost instantaneously, and it was only bj 
holding a piece of cloth before the mouth 
and nostrils that we could venture beyond 
the second door% If this conflagration 
should extend to a ^eater depth, the mine 
would be destroyed by the fumes alone ; as 
it would become impossible to proceed with 
the works in the midst of its exnalations. A 
miner, lately, in advancing unguardedly, and. 
with too much precipitation, towards the ig- 
nited matter, to ascertain the extent of it, 
fell dead ; being suffocated, as was the elder 
Pliny, and in a similar way." 

An old custom has ordained that 
every Swedish Monarch should, once 
at least during his reign, pay a visit to 
Fahlun, and descend into this mine ; 
and hence their names appear inscrib- 
ed on the sides of the chamber. 

(To he continued,) 

58. Historical View of the Literature of the 
South of Europe. By I. C. L. Simonde 
de Sismondi. Translated fr/jm the original, 
with Notes, by Thomas Roscoe, Esq, 3 

vols. Svo, Colbum and Co, 

* 

THE reputation of M. de Sismondi 
in this species of literature, excited our 
curiosity to examine this work, and our 
expectations have not been excited in 
vain. M. de Sismondi, himself a man 
of refined taste in literature and the 
arts, appears to be capable of appre- 
ciating excellence at its true rate, and 
estimates with due allowance those ex- 
travagant commendations with which, 
during the infancy of letters, authors 
were wont to encourage each other. 

By a natural sympathy, the history of 
such periods of intellectual distinction 
becomes the favourite study of each 
succeeding a^e of refinement. Hence 
the predilection with which, in our 
own times, both on the Continent and 
in Great Britain, the literary annals of 
modern Italy have lately been perused. 
We are desirous of discovering in what 
career of excellence we yet lag behind 
the exertions of our predecessors, and 
in what untrodden paths of art and 
science we may yet hope to weave the 
wreaths of reputation. We feel" that 
by rehearsing the deeds of the illus- 
trious dead, we are in fact exciting the 
emulation of the living. 

Such is the object of the work now 
before us, which exhibits an ample 
view of foreign literature; it compre- 
hends the origin and formation of 

the 



144 Rbtikw. — Fiew of Literature of the South of Europe ^ L^U§<. 

the Romance language, — the Litera- than a century, to the fim Ilpli M p ft t f ^ »l- 

lure of the Arabians, and its influence though in the reign of ChHlttY.ti^CM-, 

on the genius and taste of the Trouba- ^^}^^ attempted to imitate the mmf Bodda 

doure, — the various poetry of the 7^»«^ ^^^y ^ J«««>d ^ n^ b Itely. 

Trouv^res, their allegories, mystc- We ought, however, to iwk A. ---»— 



ries, and ^ralities,-a^nd It^^^ ^t" m^^^t:^ ?y tatS^^ 

rature during the fourteenth, fifteenth, cultivation of each has exen»ed oiw ^ 

sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth ^^^ieta. The course wiU be oooAladMl. Iiy. 

centuries. the Literature of Portugal, mthwhidi. 



In a short advertisement, the trans- haps, the majority of my raaden an oalf 
lator says his object has been *' to ad- acquainted through the master pieea. ji 



here as closely as possible to the text of Camoens, hut which in fiust could not 

the original ; no part of which he has produced so great a writer, w&thont at ^. 

taVen upon himself to suppress or en- same time possessing many diatiiinid||ri 

large, with the exception of one or poets and historians worthy of pMtdi^gaf 

two peculiar instances, where the ex- "" wme. 

tent of the alteration is pointed out. The ninth chapter is occapied widi 
With regard to the poeucal extracts an elaborate analysis of the poem dT 
introduced by M. de Sismondi, and Dante, who is perhaps over-rated ; fiir 
which are generally translated by him his sublime metaphors will not albaai 
into French prose, the editor has adopt- for the tediousness of his conTenations 
cd, where practicable, such established — the nauseous infusion of burlmoe. 
English translations as already existed, absurdities, and the incongnioat pa- 
in other instances, he has either been ganism of his mythology: such DM 
indebted to the kindness of his friends, passages as the majesticmterview wilb 
or has been compelled to insert his own Cavalcante*s shade, and the pathctio 
metrical versions." story of Ugolmo^ seldom occur. ^'■ 

•'^1^%^?^ ''IJ^P*''' ^'T ""^ ^^"^ '" The tenth chapter treats » on tht 

yival of the European languages, in influence of Dante over his a«." ia 

the course of which the author ob- ^^.^y^ ^j^^ ^^^^^^ energetically Sdm 

*^^^' the genius of this celebrated Baidi 

"1 shall divide modem literature into 

two classes, which I shall make the subject " The power of the human mind «■• as- 



of two courses ; one on the Romance, the ^e' ^^^ forcibly demonstrated. In il 

other on the Teutonic languages. In the exquisite master-pieces, than in tha _ 

first, after casting a glance over the brilliant o^ Dante. Without a protoCfpe in «y. 

period of Arabian literature, I shall succes- exUting language, eoually mml in ili Wp 

sively uke a review of the nations of the "ous parts, and in the comlunation ef «hi 




South, who formed their poetry in the whole, it stands alone, as the first 

Oriental schools ; and, first of all, the Pro- ment of modem genius, the fim j 

ven^als, who first introduced the poetry of ^hich appeared iu the reviviii|^ 

romance into Europe. I shall endeavour to of Europe. In its comporitiOB» H issttW 

render my readers acquainted with their conformable to the essential and fanmbb 

Troubadours, so renowned, and yet so neg- principles of the poetic art.^ It - ^"^ 



leoted, and to prove how much the poets of "^ity of design and of execi^ott, nd bsars 

all modem ages owe to these, their earliest t*»e visible impress of a migfatr gmim, «^, 

masters. At the same time I shall take the pable of embracing at once tha |stta^S|Si 

opportunity of speaking of the Trouvferes, *he whole of its scheme; of empia;^ «IA 

the poets of the country to the North of f*elhty the most stupendous matiiUi, staff 

the Loire, from whom Europe derives her of observing all the required niosdss tf |M» 

Fabliaux, her chivalric romances, and her portion, without ex^enciog any ""' 

earliest dramatic representations. From "om the constraint. ' 

their language the French was afterwards Towards the conclusion of the 

formed. After these dead, though mc^rn volume, we notice a short accomiiaf 

languages, I shall give some account of the ^^^ jj^ ^f Petrarch. who was tfaAiOA. 

Literature c^ Italy, which, amongst sJl the ^ Florentine, and who, like DaiHeL 

nations of the South, has exercued the Y ***"•*'" "^» ^^^ vV* ^ *-i«^ 

greatest mfluence over the rest. I shall J?^ been exiled from his natlTe «», 

take it from its origin, about the tune of ^^ ^^ ^^ *^ Arczao, Oil the In 

Dante, and shall continue it down to our of July, 1304, and died at Aigiu Dfek 

own times. In the same manner I shall Padua, on the 18th of JuIt» IBM* 

treat of the Literature of Spam, of which During the centoiy of whira Ul nk 

the earliest remains are anterior hf more occupied the greater portioo, he! Wvfti 

the 



Arvtt'T^ re ^ (fo 8MtA nfSmp^. iVt 

H hbrfiie. At *ny'nMB,'^a#eftJ^tt'b 

[ noimilfMrf)Mtahb'«oi»MT,WrftK 

. ht> K) well oaturaliief ■ woit wUtft 

—^ — -^ — i* to extemive and iiMtrnctiTC. 0M 

ar t* ItM age. aWrntion deteiret to be m^«, i^ 

oto k mimits to be maintained, that (few tic the in- 

yandenDcei than who yet ret^n anv inflnetm 

and of cmdi- over oar opioioiu. An historiin o^ 

■pldeknoW' two, a poet or two, or the MediceaB 

iTllir'nUeiit. age, arc ttill clauics with the reading 

t Jw cB wi dwjUer p u w u ea the world ; but the iwarm that baxatd in 

af 'SteiWf hiitoiT,— " Boecacno, the iDnshine of patnmwe, arc wilh 

^ ZJeeMtDR »t the doie of the dilticulr|r to be rewmed Irom the sool 

k^A' oeaxatj." Of Boccacio ofoblision. So jiut ii'tbetenmnf 

incb ll Mid: hii DecamcTOD is Hume, that repntation foonded on 

itma indeed, bnt dnli ta hi* Tbe- philoioph; and tcience piMe* awajr 

'■ o« ncAm, froin moral awe, with the lerolntiona of human opi^ 

BteiMtipg to hii friend Petrarch nion i but that to teconJ or (elect &» 

M|k of imuuitiei which ha waa phenomena of hnman oatnre, tnatti 

himed eftaqiiaitbina to the rat an interest with the species itself, 

1 woiU. Ob die nilgect of the . ^ . 

MMD, liw MMbv tmly observes gg ««««« if ike MarMmm A Boa- 
cbunpst in I* Wmiit, aHlti ty lia 

hi sqIb !■ in na% doll, but tbi* CataOai it Oeolu. TVmiJalMt Ant Ok 

il^ iSWMy aB y wq uliw of the sdnca- Frauih. ISmo. pp. 173. KnlsbL 

■dpaaatiT^g^atth. iWof the French Revolution fbnna om 

m^ CUMW. idiflaa- Wa fa- neart-rendin^ details are illuftnitirt 

m JmiMpfci fc-A* laaaiuM and ^^^ ^^^ sanguinar;^ results of that mat 

s.'of iIh aUflt i^B, <m all ocu- political convulsion. La Vendee, it 

■Im tiM IVmbAim bava attempMd i9 well known, was the aeat of loyiltj 

nenof antiqiii^. At these igno- and rcli^on, and consequently the 

idkon ennld not fona aa idei afaxtj theatre of the most rnthless and exter- 

aods at BMBastt (hu thiit of their minating contests. The fell demon* 

[^ Aej hna gma m «Jr of Chris- of the revolutionary Storm spared nej- 

to all .hlch th«j bwa borrowed ther age nor sex. The National Con- 

tdwDt nij(h.Jogj. vention poured fotlh the blood-hounds 

be following chapters, Politiano, of war wainst the unforhioaie adhe- 

Bocardo, Aiiosto, Alamanj, and tents of Gllen Royalty j and resistance 

lively pats under review, (o military despotism excited deeds of 

' ' heroism worthy of a better fate than 
the unhappy Vendeans experienced. 
The achievements of the brave M. de 
la Rochejaquelin shine consgicuousljK 

4f Is. «Jve«t^, iDdepiadeutlT of '".'*>= pag^s of the historian ; and in 

«, ?-l™l»antheddighte/the t^'s i.lile volume under review. ^ 

#il coontTMs. It atij tterefote be Marchioness de Bonchamps has record- 

~ ~ ~ ed the heroic deads of her illustrioot 

husband. She whs a witness and t 

jf Cbsrie- participator of his fortunes; and en- 

dnrlng the Matoiu wsn of chli Mo- dnred, in the fullest extent, all the ou- 

griuit the Moors." series resulting from his reverses — 

the progress of our epitome of " Quorum P»" ""B» '»■'-" 

bject matler of these volumes, it Although these Memoirs have beetl 

en our wish rather to excite than produced under the direction of M»- 

atecnriosityi but as we have not danne de Gcnlis. ihey bear internal 

ible to obtain the original work, evidence thit they have chiefly, ifnoC 

re not bestow on the translator altogether, been composed by the un- 

! praise which we htlieve to be fortunate lady whose snffenngs they 

r. Mac. Aagiut, 1833. 3^ 



146 Rbvi BW.—ilf «9i<oif« of the Marchioness de Bonchamps, [Au^ 



90 pathetically relate. They present 
the lively picture of a pure and ele- 
vated mind, expressing the recollec- 
tions of misery, such as no other fe- 
male scarcely ever bore against with 
eoual fortitude. We find detailed, 
with exquisite simplicity, the virtues 
of her noble husband ; the calamities 
which the desolation of his country 
brought on herself and children ; their 
flights from the habitations of men to 
lonely woorls and wilds ; and their en- 
durance of famine and disease under 
the most appalling circumstances that 
the imaeinaiion can conceive. 

The AJar()uis de Bone ham ps was 
descended from one of the most an- 
lient and illustrious families of the 
province of Anjou, and his lady was 
of equal birth. He possessed consi- 
derable influence in La Vendt^c, and 
at the death of Louis XVI. the inha- 
bitants, with the Marquis at their 
head, determined to *' resist barbarous 
men, stained with blood, who, in their 
sacrilegious and regicide fury, had just 
immolated the most virtuous Monarch, 
in overturning at once the throne and 
the alur." 

*' At the news of the rising of our Can- 
ton," says our hit authoress^ '< the Con- 
vention commanded those troops who were 
sent into La Vend<5e, to exterminate men, 
women, and children, — even animals,— even 
vegetation. Such was the unheard-of rage 
with which the resistance of the Vendeans 
to the decree regarding the levy of troops 
had inspired that assembly." 

After detailing the preparation for 
the approaching contest, she thus 
describes the enthusiasm of the Ven- 
deans : 

*' About this period there was an extraor- 
dinary activity in the cottages of la Vend^y 
and in the villages and small towns of which 
the peasants had made themselves masters. 
Arms were rudely fabricated s herdsmen, be- 
come warriors, had tamed their peacefbl 
huts into workshops, where the iron rung 
under the redoubled blows of the hammer. 
Instruments of husbandry, which had been 
destined to the tranquil cultivation of the 
soil, became transformed into murderous 
arms. Originally formed for the propa- 
gation of the food of man, they now carried 
death and destruction into the fields they 
ought to have fertilized. However, agrl- 
cmtuie was not abandoned; — the cultiva- 
tion of the fields was eutmsted to women 
and children ;— but if fortune did not se- 
cond the bravery of the men, the women 
imtsadiatcly afaanidoned their labours to fly 
to their assistaaoe^ to protect their retreat. 



even to fight with them in order to drift 
away the enemy. During the battbe, the 
air resounded with the repeated sihonti of 
Five la IMipon/ FiveU Roif FtoaUki 
Bourbons I They did not march vpon dw 
enemy, they precipitated theme ew og to- 
wards him; the flash of the caanoii was, 
for these peasants, a signal to dmnr them- 
selves upon the earth to invoke the Chid of 
armies ; its thunder was to Uiem a call to 
rise up rapidly and spring upon the batte- 
ries, crushing every thing thii resisted them 
with an inconceivable velocity. If on their 
way they came up to the cross of • miasion, 
the whole of the army went on their knees 
and prayed. On one occasion one of their 
chieu remonstrated asainst their stop|riBg 
thus ; M. de Lescure mtemipted him* say- 
ing, < let them pray, they wiO fight the bet- 
ter for it.' In an affitir where tns Vendeans 
were sure to be overwhelmed by numbefs, 
they crle<l aloud, * let us march to Heaven ;' 
and they penetrated the battaUoaa of die 
enemy, happy to rush upon martjidom." 

The Royalists gained many brillianl 
successes; but at len^h they expe- 
rienced a sad reverse in the aeath of 
their illustrious leader : 

** All the Generals agreed to entmaft M. 
de Bonchamps with the arrangement of the 
order of battle, and his dispositioiia wire 
universally admired. The algnal befaHP 
given, the Vendeans attadted the 
with impetuosity ; the centre of tlie 
lican army was broken by M. de BoBeaamsi 
the ferocious Carrier, who tooAst in m 
ranks, had a horse killed nnder ofaft. this 
battle was soon general ; they fimight Imd 
to man, nothing resisted the Jioyelia|||-ta 
their triumph appeared deci^ve. 

"The Vendeans had overdiriMm tmy 
thing, and they were already in the ffdmdw 
of Ciiollet. All at once toe granadlen of 
the Convention rallied; — the MajiMfoli 
marched in advance ; and the hiBt of MMly 
thinjz was changed. Taken in flank lij the 
cavahy in the plain, the Royaliate «■!■• 
broken ; in vain their Generals endeanoMM- 
to arrest the fugitives ; even the voiae eH 
my husband had lost its power. Aa ftkH 
effort, all the chidfs assembled» IbnMd.*' 
squadron, which a few Vendeaa 
joined, and threw themselves in 
into the midst of the ranks of the' 
It was in this fiital moment that! M diJBon 
champs received a mortal wound fai hit bodhb 
and fell bathed in his Uood." 

The deplorable siioation to whiflh 
this heroic female was redaced, after 
the fatal battle of Mans, is hearUnnd- 
ing in the detail. She fled with her 
two children from society, to eicaM 
the sanguinary emissaries of tbe Na- 
tional Convention. Concakd ia a 

wood^ 




■fair,*ia 

, wtAoar 

liB pMri 

•rvfto A 

kij, tai ttpnmt 

klkiu^4i^ wJ A.ll 'ill II lj-j-L j.-L iL n via aamnmer ot tka ^i tot -V Am 

•netlilf WMiHr M wli« KiUOMFed . eo«M»Mnny, tbi nin tad hail vooU ^m 

"•tkt tMM m m haAg wbi frm blkminmirtfM. In thU drtadM **^ il 

NMHi% M i^ft mmA ibant oar oaw t^twcdimpoaibbsot CoilskqiMtUf a»- 

T^ih n Ml* Monlbd (rillMM dahj to dsr iiuh i camUnUiaD of orib. TU* Ite 

-MMdwMMii wdMWCTOFbrwlindw cuted hi dm th> own aiUionliiMrr MU| 

Wtow ef a W, aboM t«dn fMt high, that could einr diitnct tho nhd of ■ i*^ 

W^dWMlo'tlaiUfiog-idMM brsMUM dm: IwuhtdtonirTlnimjdnHtMr, M 

FM diji It bMD onlj for u hour. I contd net ht^ 

fxn: I the thou^tof wfaMwoiiUbM!aiMofb«r~ 

«•) and of what •be would ftti, whan I iboM av 



, when aha mnU ■ 



m that* longer UMver her, 

Med to loDerr rsee'iTe mj «■ , 

ofF all DO loiigiir rapport her in m* ann, iriau dfl 
■honid aee me mottoaleia, lifelaai, etU, itr: 

HI, la Muible to her teui and her oiea. l^aa* 

«hef of thonghti rent my aoult ttw vonU «• 

ht mo- inredlj have coit me mj lUe bU fin nIK 

■ poait- 1^, which liflad me abore myaalt I 

d, aiwn pr^red with confidence, ferronr, and nd^ 

mai all aatno i and after ererj pn7«r, ponrail ont 

i Bat from Uw bottom of mj hean, I ftit mjaaV 

hoar U etrengtheaed and re-aiimatadi mj pobaa 

M with beat with leai nolanea ; mj (erer bwaDad) 

paai w mj bavrj «na cloaed, and I ■ allma 

m caoM th« iweetaat and calmait iliep i m* dao^i- 
d h«r iirangtb, and I caMad 



fear for her lite. On the montog of th* 
rddaj, they brought ui lomeniUk, whi*- 
laTsd far mi child, and which did I: 
„ o-'-'at good. At length our place ofrefu 

cloaemjarea. Mj ma diicovercd, or at leut ni^cted. 



iged to third day, they brought ui lomemilk, whi<._ 
f ptaoa, and which I J MTsd far mi child, and which did hei 
at 1 thought it would great good. At le 



MiMpnaaiUalor me tocioumja^a. Alj waa diicovercd, or at leut ni^cted. A 
jparflMr ndbnd leu than miielf, because peuanC, iwiting ia the dusk of the evening 
I hSd bar «a »]r kuaai, and ahe could turn ueu our Irec^ heard me cough aevenU timet i 



d nft Tihani". that 1 thought it would great good. At length our place ofrefiige 

npoaaiUafirr " ... 

AMrmfllmd 
Uharoamr 

•hoitt, wUA iba never did without rubbing he guessed that suuiebod' 

■■If dbaaaad knaa : ia thato momenta ibe el- tree. Qa his arrival in the village, he men- 

— ~- ~«*.naMIUame painj but I abstained tiooed this circnmitince. An aid luldier of 

■■fUak I apant, indeed, a horrible the aroi} of M. de Banchamps heard hia 

tmi nf inquietude, as well aa mjr account i he hu livlag with hia aged fiitlier. 

~'~' p, did not allow me a mo- Having served in the armj of the Royaliata, 

. M J daughter alept a little : he often hid himself when the Republican* 

tmt dn^ag hai tle^ aba comtantlj groan- passed through the village. KoDving I waa 

•9, and bat wailing* wnu^ mj heart, when a fugitive, he aooit discovered the tru^i 

iha ^iraln, it was to asli for drink. 1 was but he [.batained apealiing of it to the other 

»nalf davound hj a burning thirst, which villagers. Ha pretended to retire to rest, 

I darad not latisfr, in the fear of exhaust- but iiutead of lying down, ha came imme- 

i^ ooi little atore of water. At length, at dUtely to the place where I was, of which 

mak <t^J> our charitable peasant came Co he liad iafcirmed himself. All at once, to- 

bring oa aome brawn bread and some apples, wanli the end of the nieht, 1 heard myself 

Ihii Tisitalonewas a conaotatian for mej it callrrl by my nanie;^the uniuitable hour, 

pfwedto me that we were not entirely abm- and the rough voice of a man wilich I did 

dnei, and that we had yet a support and a cot recogniie, terrified me very much : I 

protector. I had no ^)petite, but I eagerly did not answer. The soldier was not dii- 

MaaomeoftbaiJipleB, because t)iey(]uench- caiiraged; he pronounced hia name, hut 

ad my thiiat a Tittle ; but I aooa perceived that did not give ina c>«Gdence, for 1 did 

that thii bid uouriahment a^ravated my nut remeniber il. Nevertheleaa he persiat- 

^Nue. Mj danghter eiperieoced the same ed, adding, iu a low voice, Tnai t/eurie(ft« 

eftct i — our fmi ladouhled. In spite of a selditr qf tht army <if BatKhaafs. Thia 

lb* cold of iha aeaaon wa were both bum- name, go dear, prodiicad upon me the effect 



148 Review. — Ingram's Saxon Ckroniele. L^ng. 

which he exuecteiL My t«ara flowed, whilst through a harleqnin'i coal of wqp 

I ihaiJced uod for sending roe » deliverer, tences, stitched together, OUt of dlU 

He climbed to the top of the tree, assbted fereiit originals and transcripts, the 

me to get up to him, and prevailed upon me grammar often becomes so confused, 

to place myself upon his shoulders. Al- ^^^ j^e sense is equivocal | but we 

though the load was heavy, he descended honcsUy confess, that we do not know 

with much dexterity and good fortune ; but ^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^ y^^^^ y^^ piactica- 

•f. ^'^/'"'^T^ii •^ ^TM!" Mv l>le with regard to the book m que^ 

.hpped,andwej^^^^ My ^.^^^ ^^ f^ H 

foat for my child was extreme; but l was ^,, . . .•' *l ^ »« 

toon comforted; for this poor little girl, Chroniclers, whom we see that Mr. 

who suffered no injury from the fail, began Ini^ram sometimes quotes, little bene- 

So laugh at it. This laughter, so astonish- lit, we apprehend, can be derived from 

log in our circumstances, this sound so them in correction of a faulty version ; 

strange to my ear, at once caused me sur- for to us their knowledge of the lan- 

pnse, joy, and the most tender emotion, giiage seems to be superficial. Bromp* 

Tlie soldier conducted us to his father's ton, for instance, has perverted tne 

bouM hard by. This^ood old man and his ^^niHi of some passages. See Lye r. 






frm'dy received us with an affecting cor- £ j^jj^ ^^d Nicolson's Engl. HiStor. 

diality. They lighted a large fire, which ^ihr. pars i. p. I76, ed. 8v6. who Its 

produced such an effect upon me, that, hav- ^^^^ ^^^^ Si)elman*8 Vit. iElfiedi R. 

v^ warmed myself for a moment, 1 fainted. . g * 

These good i)eople, in their terror, thought ■ \, * 

at first I was dead. My poor child uttered The most difficult part of the Sftxon 

piercing cries. At length, by their kind at- Chronicle is the Epinicion JEthelslani, 

tentions, I recovered my senses. They put printed in Gibson, US; in Ingram, 

me with my little girl to bed, and although 140. In the former, it b a congeries 

we had only a bad mattress I found it de- of error. Ingram's translation is spi- 

l^htful." rited, fine, and illustrative of the slurdv 

Never did the unfortunate Wal- character of the language. We shall, 

denses and Albigenscs experience however, state some passages in the 

more suffering than the uersccuted English version, of which we do not 

Vendeans. "I was often, says our agree with him. Mr. Ineram renders, 

auto-biographer, ''obliged to hide my- Cabmunb sefSelin^ ealbop langoa 

self, sometimes behind the cupboards, typ ^j*lo^on aet j-ecce Ypeojpbti eo- 

sometimes under the beds, and fre- ^um ymbe Dnunan-bunh, thns — 

quently had their swords passed abovx iVmtinrf atheltng, elder of ameieiU 

my head. At last she was arrested, ^^^^^ ,/^^ ,„ tkejight wijtk ike edge 

m the disguise of a peasant, when re- ^^ ^/^^y swords, the foe at Brua&. 

posing m a ditch. She was carried f he passage is precisely word for word 

before the regicidal tribunal, tried, and ^^e same in Gibson, page 11«. But 

condemned to death ; but fortunately, ^j.^re is no foe in the original. Lye 

at the intercession '"'^ -^ — - -^.«.ki.««.. _ __ »» 

soldiers, whose li 
by her interfercn< 

^ ,. . • If • . tion 1-ye, because we are at a loss to 

The narrative is occasionally inter- ^now by what authority gerlOROn U 

spersed with notes from the pen of 1 j ^ . • ^^ % » 

iSadame de Genlis, illustrative of the ^^".^^'!j} reportarunt, instead of $Uw, 

details recorded by the Marchioness " »" ^^'' ^W°>' who u here mote 

de Bonchamps; but the Countess correct; and the apparent senM of 

states that shV is only the editor of *^^'^'^P ^"S^^ *)1^ " ^^ P""*' ^ 

the Memoirs ; and that the Mar- (P^'ff ancestors ; but we honestly con- 

chioncss is the author as well as the <css that we cannot rwoncile the cases 

heroine of them. ^ ^^!?/"?»«»! "^r .^"^ «« «'«» ^ 

the dimculty in Hickes (Grammat. 

♦ A. Sax. pp. 11 — 19.) We are inclined 

80. Ingram's Saxon ChronicU, CConti. \9 ^*"*'"^ ^^^^ l" «h« transcripts the 

«..-j A.*-. »> A-7 \ distinctive terminations of the -cases 

•^ ^ were not properly regarded, an opi- 

IN editing the Saxon Chronicle, we nion we do not hastily adopt, but from 

should have preferred complete copies a strong suspicion, founded on the 

from the best successive- manuscripts, well-known fact that we have long 

and collations from the rest, becau:>c, ago diMrarded the Saxon terminatioiu, 

except 




1883.] Rbvixw. — Iiigram*8 Saxon Chromck. 149 

except in the ^nitiT« singular, and § did not consist of merchanit and ma* 
inthepdurai. [See the end of this ar- nufacturers, but of the most useful 
tide.] mechanics, particularly tmith3f mean- 
To proceed, we have beopon bea- ing thereby carpenters, blacksmiths, 
^hnbe (p. 14 1) translated by " hew- and all the handi-craftomen of those 
ed their larmers.** We know no such descriptions. Our ancestors, therefore, 
meaning of hcaSohnbe as banners ; f^^. "o^ d»sdain to call themselves in 
and render it by "hewed their no- Jy"c poelry, plance pij-j-mfSan^erce 
hlet:' In p. 142, Mr. Ingram trans- ijattlesmiths (p. 145), which Lye ren- 
lates maepe tuncsol by gigantic light. ^^^^ (v. UJiaence), quoting the phrase 

We have never seen maepe used in JIJ^ v'\^^''^^'t''t t f^""^"^ »» 

this sense, only as splendid, brilliant . y^: ^"f"}' ]' ^3, b. 1. 6, Arrogante$ 

luf T A f .AON ^r.t'^ ^^"* fabricatoTCs, certamly not with 

Mr. Ingram renders (p. 142) pepij the success of Mr. Ingram: 

wgef faeb, by ** the mtghty seed of ^xr ,.,.,, , 

Mars," apparently, because the words ^^ thmk it absolutely just to ob- 

are translated infesia Martis proles, in ^^^ve, in conclusion, that as no wri- 

Lye (v. IDepig), and migA/v more poe- 1?'"%*^*'^ ^ presumed to understand 

dcises infesta, than its general accep- ^^"^ language better than Lye or Man- 

tation. Nowhere do we find m rh2P//^^f .fu^' " ""^ '^- dictionary, 

to mean mighty ; nor do we think tfuTt '^'dint C ir'^'inTS' *f ^°?«*' ^^7 
, ^. ^ ,. ' 'a '.X. cording to our judgment, miss that. 
^er here in reality signifies either ^^1 sense of passages which Mr. In- 
Mars or Battle ; but that it is the ge- g^pp^^g [^nd^that he would pro- 
nitive of pi5 idolum, as it occurs in Bably have still further succeeded, if, 
Caedmon; and that the true meaning instead of embellishing his version by 
of the passage is the *' idoVs accursed modern phraseology, he had observed 
seed,*' alluding to their heathenism, a slrict literal interpretation. For in- 
One passage more, and we have done, stance, in p. 148, he has 3 he haerbe 
Mr. Ingram renders to hbef pepne pice reopeSe healp jep, which idiom- 
by the notsy deep ; Lye, by ad navem a^jcarty means, " and he held the 
indixtt (v. Stepnion). For our parts, kingdom the half 9f « seventh year,'* 
we read J^epne as a substantive, and or ** six years and a halh* as it is cor- 
take the meaning to be, in its sense of rectly rendered by Mr. Ingram, which 
institutum, that they were compelled modern interpretation we had rather 
by necessity (nybe gebaebebj to learn have seen in bracketed italics, adjoin- 
the mana^ment of ships, 1. e. made ed to the Saxonism. Half the effect 
sailors against their will; at all events, of an old language is lost by shaving, 
nouy is not in the text. powdering, and tayloring it. It is 
This antient eulogium we think something of the same character as 
very characteristic of the sort of '* Rule beautifying churches. And here it 
Brttannias" and ** Conquering Heroes would have been not only delightfully 
come,*' which obtained among our curious, but exceedingly useUil; be- 
ancestors; and Mr. Turner's speci- cause Mr. Ingram truly observes, in 
mens do not equally interest us; for P- xxxii. ''The Saxon grammar above 
those are far less illustrative of charac- all others must be taught by the lan- 
ter, abound with incomprehensible guage, and not the language by the 
metaphors, and show off tne ruffian- grammar.'* Still it is a language 
ism of pirates called sea-kings, rapes, worth studying, an oak of a Ian- 
murders, thefts, and other revolting guage, very firm in grain, and such a 
^iugs. Our readers will not, how- language as we may suppose a Hcr- 
ever, thank us for giving them fossil cules would have spoken. As to the 
nuts to crack, such as are the diction- modem alteration of it, we .find, 
ary phrases of which we have treated, from Mr. Ingram, (xxv.) that the de- 
instead of real ones, those which have clension of 6e yeo, &c. was lost, thro' 
a claim to interest. We shall there- the Normans, who used the plural no- 
fore grind no more gerunds, but sew minative the indiscriminately for all 
on to our sage disquisitions a curious cases and genders in both numbers, 
elucidation, which this Epinicion fur- No doubt they also destroyed other 
nishea of Anglo-Saxon manners. The distinctions of cases by the termina- 
commercial noblesse of the Anglo- tions. As to the changes foreign to 
Saxon8> through the state of society, our present subject, Tyrwbitt shows 

the 



150 



Rbvibw. — ^Elliott's Love, a Poem, 



[Aug. 



the introduction of French words; and 
the use of Latin and classical litera- 
ture the other. 

31. Love, a Poem, in Three Parts. To 
which is added. The Giaour, a Satirical 
Poem, By £. Elliott. Stocking. 

IT has seldom happened to us in the 
progress of our critical labours^ to have 
Deen visited by such perpetual alterna- 
tions of opposite feelings as we have 
expenencea during the perusal of Mr. 
Elliott's poem. Its beauties and de- 
fects are alike palpable — manifest — and 
if the latter were expunged, if instead 
of adhering with fond pertinacity to 
all his thoughts and crudities, one half 
of the poem were pruned away, a resi- 
due would be left us worthy of an age 
fruitful in good poetry, and would 
place its author on no unenviable 
neigh c among the moral poets of the 
day. It appears to us that this author 
has to learn that hard lesson — how to 
blot. As it is, he has given us as much 
to censure as to praise. 

We would not wish that our readers 
should understand that the poet has 
confined his delineation to the single 
passion of "Love,*' which, under this 
denomination, has led to such disas- 
trous results in the world. He has 
taken a loftier range, and has depicted 
Love in its more entailed and com- 
prehensive grasp, embracing all the 
charities of social life, all the ties that 
knit man to his kind, the relations of 
parental fondness and filial affection, 
the love of country, and the love of 
God. 

The poem opens with lines of calm 
dignity, admirably in unison with the 
suDJect. The inextinguishable nature 
of genuine love is well depicted in 
these lines : 

" When Virtaa dies in pallid Want's em- 

brace> 
Not friendlesS) tho' abandoned by the base ; 
Then o'er the grave from which all flatterers 
fly, [buy. 

Love sheds a tear which kingdoms could not 
And, as the April sunbeam melts the snow. 
Till peeps the golden flower that slept be- 
low, — 
Thy look can charm the fiend beneath whose 

eye 
All joys but thine and Uest Religion's die. 
The king of woes, pride-bumbling poverty." 

The desolation of the village, and 
the demoralizing effects of large ma- 
nufactories on rural manners, are old 
complaints, but the subject is tieateil 



by our author in some fine burtts of 
▼i^rous and impassioned poetry. 

The third booK is almost exclusively 
occupied with an affecting narrative. 
A female struck blind by nehtning at 
the altar, and on the bridal Hour. The 
horrors of this afflictive visitation are 
poetically though somewhat too mi- 
nutely described ; but a worse misfor- 
tune remains to be told : 

" Blind and belov'd, she smil'd thro' tears 

resigned J [blind!" 

But, all ! she fear'd to be despis'd, and 

Her fears were too prophetic. The 
husband, who had soothed her in the 
early days of her sorrow, grew cold, 
alienated, and estranged, dissipated 
her fortune, and left her to misery and 
want,— 

" She to that house where Want is fed by 
Scorn, [bornri 

Too weak to walk, by hireling hands was 
There hourly dying, she forgot tier woe. 
And smil'd with cheek of fire and lip of 

snow 
On visions of the past." 

The sufferings and resignation of 
this afflicted being are detailed in lan- 
guage painfulljT pathetic. Her ilfcari- 
less husband in the mean time it 
fighting in a forei^ country, while 
the deserted wife in fearful anxieiy 
listens to every tale of victory. At 
length a letter is announced : 

« With feeble shriek she fell, and triad to 

rise, 
And strain'd the letter to her sightleai eyie^ 
And kiss'd it o'er and o'er." 

But disappointment again awaits 
her, and her name is not even mea- 
tioned. 

The second part of the poem poor- 
trays the miseries of sinful passion 
turning the brightest hues of love to 
severest woe. We have here an epi- 
sode, speaking of a proscribed fugitive 
and traitor, named Morland, occupy- 
ing two whole books; and although 
there is some very powerful writing, 
we are constrained to declare that the 
tale is out of place. 

Of the remainder of this poem of 
" Love,'' we forbear to speak. Seduc^* 
tion, infanticide, and self-murder, 
whatever light or lustre poetiy may 
throw around them, are appalling 
themes. 

Mr. Elliott has exhibited even on- 
these subjects no common powers)' 
but they are subjects which no genius 

can 



1823.] Rbtiiw* — Danby*8 Thoughti. 151 

can render tolerable»-«which no talent abjection we oki joake, that most mtUfy 

can redeem. our reatoD> and make our acquiescence an 

Of the Satire which closes the vo- indispensable obligation. Every difficulty 

hime, we say nothing, but that it is CM«»ot well be soUed to us, unless thingi 

little calculated to reform, which is we brought within the reach of our under- 

the legitimate object of all punish- ^^^ings that are now beyond them. The 

jjjgj^j^ o J r objections must, I apprehend, be answered^ 

^ and the acquiescence of our reason made ob- 

" ligatory, by the satbfaction given to th« 

S3. Thoughts ehie/ly on serious Subjects; mind on the most material points. This 

ivith Remarks on '* Laeon," By Wm. the Scriptures contain ample means of do- 

Daoby, Esq, Exeter. ing : in the investigation of them, indeed, 

THIS is the production of a Chris- °"!'**!f^* "I" Tu^ concerned as our 

tian a Scholar,^nd a Gentleman;- X^^irneTJi^rl"^^^^^^^^^^ 

what more can we add m the way of ^tuse the latter." 
recommendation ? We have here the 

effusions of a mind well trained and From the second volume we could 

disciplined, and stored with well di- wish that the "Remarks on Lacon" 

gested matter; and whether treating were entirely expunged. Without the 

of Religion or of Morals, of Metaphy- work, on which they are a comment- 

sics or of Literature, the same good ary, they are unintelligible j and with 

sense and sound reflection characterise it, they are often trite, and occasionally 

the whole. He stands in complete puerile. It is here that we have found 

contrast with, and in direct opposi- our author prosing and garrulous, and 

tion to, the flimsy and fashionable unworthy of himself. Of the passages 

Literature of the day j and he must be at the close of the first volume, in al- 

prepared for a certain portion of that lusion to domestic circumstances, we 

neglect which all the higher exercises cannot speak in terras of praise ; they 

of the mind seem destined to experi- are not in that good taste and keeping 

ence. He must be content to suomit which are so generally conspicuous in 

his claim with dignified tranquillity to Mr. Dahby's writings. They maj 

[XMterity; and wnen the present pe- also expose an amiable man to ridi- 

rishable, yet popular eflfusions are for- cule, hardly to be prevented by the 

gotten, when "oblivion's gulph" has anticipating ** morsel of criticism/* 

received dramas and mystery, sonnet with which he has favoured us. 

and enic tale and essav,~the greater ,, ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ,^^^ ^ 

part or the volume before us will be j ^^ .^e worst that may be said o/me 

M*nembered with honour, if not and my work (though I shall probably fall 

classed with the aphorisms of Sid- short in my estimation of that) I will endea- 

ney, or ranged with the maxims of vour to do it in suggesting a morsel of cri- 

Bacon. tlcism that may not ill suit the tastes that 

To give any adequate idea of the va- relish it. Suppose then It should be served 
rious subjects discussed in these vo- «p in this way: 'All that we can gather 
lumes would, within the prescribed f'o*n the effusions of this gentleman (he 
limits of a review, be impossible. ™"** excuse us if we do not di^fy him 
The specimens we shall quote will, ^it\the title of authorJ\s,thaf he is very 
however, be sufficient, we trust, to m«ch in love, and that he fancies the pub- 
induce a desire for the perusal of the "i^ Z^^t T '" 7^ *''^" 

•I ^ '^ cems the object of his amorous feelings as 

wnoie. jjg jj [^ujggjf^ jje ^^ould fiiin persuade us 

** We cannot solve all the difficulties that that the best way to mount to Heaven is by 

oc^ir in tlie moral dispensation of the world borrowing the wings of Cupid for that pur- 

we live in ; but as we may be sure, from the pose, and that a man cannot better prepare 

soundest reasoning, that there is a Supreme himself for the journey, than by fiuling in 

Being ; and as the Scriptural doctrines, love, at the age of 70, with a girl of 86. 

whatever objections we may make to them. Indeed we do not remember to have seen, 

are supported by evidence, both external and before such a confusion of the * amor divi- 

internal, that fully evinces the truth of nus et humanus;' and we really think that 

them ; these, if properly considered, with the sentiments (if sentiments they desws 

the general conclusions to be drawn from to be called) that dictated these ihi^iModiet, 

them, and their application to the condi- were better designated by any other name 

tion of mankind, will give that solution to than that of *pia desideria.' We must beg 

all our difficulties^ and that answer to every leave to assure him (this sighing umib, 

with 



159 



RBviBW.-^Adamt on Afnca. 



tAufr 



with the gvey hairt and graen head) diat during his tcgonrn abroad, oonfer» 

we» whota hairt an gfeylike hia, will noi an obligation on societv, ta propor- 

sdbr tha heads they cow to run into siini-^ tion to the talents and fidelity he dit^ 

lar vagaries; and while we dcpreoate the plays, 

adoption of hit craedy or the imitation of '^ ^ ' 

■ • ■ 1- ^ !-J aUI_ 



his example, «a must remind this aair 
IxioD, that, however he may mistake faia 
Cloud for a Jimo (and for aught we know, 
himself for a Jupiter) those who have not 



Notwithstanding the interest which 
the consideration of the slave-trade has 
given to Africa, little, comparativeiy 
speaking, is known of the character dT 



the in&tuation or presumption that seem to the people aboat whom so much good 



possess him, will,* &c. &c. &o. 

** However, though I have the possibi- 
lity of all this, and perhaps still worse, be- 
fore my eyes, I cannot help hoping that 
more candid and liberal critics (and such 



feeling has been excited ; and as Cap- 
tain Adams's remarks contain much 



information relative to the customs, 
dispositions, and moral and physical 
energies of the natives of a oonsidev* 

there surely are) wUl speak more fayouwbly able line of coast of that country, W« 

of me and my work, and w.ll admit (perbaps consider his book very acceptable: H« 

as havmg experienced them) the compati- -noears to describe what he anw &itk. 

bUity of tbe diflferent feelings expressed in ?PJ?^^^ , ^?^^"^ wnat ne saw OiUl- 

it ; that they will allow that whaJ bas been T^* ^"'* '^"^^''?' prejudice | and hia 

done before (I mean similar marriages) may observations evmce an intelllgeBt 

he done again, and with the same tolerance ™*"^.L."*^ opinion of the people Ot 

that has before been shewn ; and that the the different parts of the coast he has 

reasons assigned fur it are neither wholly to visited, are trecjuently illustrated by 

be rejected, nor have been improperly anecdotes of their conduct on particU" 

brought forward, at a time when the publi- lar occasions ; and hence amusement 

city, through the medium of newspapers, of as well as information may be derired 

every event public or private, and the com- from the work. Our limits oblige OS 

ments made upon it, may justify the person xxy be very brief in our extracts, but 

most materially concerned in it, however t^ey will be sufficient to show the na- 

.nsignificant he and h.s concerns may be, ^^^^ ^^ ^j,^ ^^^^ ^^j ^ ^^^^ ^ ^ 

in -Peakmc for himself and them (whenever . ^ j^ ' ^ V^^ 

henncies he has anything plausible to say) ... ^ *;* «•«•. paii. vi i^mv^ .lu ■».- 

as well as leaving others to speak for or ^ible and shrewd, and pc^sess a men- 

against him, as their inclinations may direct ^\ ?0" pat would repay the labour of 

them. If those inclinations are influenced cultivation. 



by liberality and candour, they will at least 
pardon the error that mere worldly policy, 
or an overstrained delicacy or pride, may be 
disposed to condemn, or that thoughtless 
levity, or a still worse disposition, may be 
eager to ridicule." 

We take leave of Mr. Danby with friends with most address. It wias no 



^'Cootry (the King or Chief of the tofwn 
of Lagos), like many of his Royal hrethntt 
in Africa, is a receiver of stolen goods i ftr 
he does not hesitate to share wMt his ssr* 
vants purloin, and that servant ia hia 
est favourite, who can rob hia 



sentiments of veneration and respect, 
with those feelings which are due to 
the virtuous and the wise. 



to the master of a vessel, that hia itofvehoast 
was clandestinely entered, and robbed df 
several bags of com by one of tha KiM^a 
domestics, and he sent a message totte 
black Monarch, that if he caught the thSaf 
SS. Remarks on the Country extending frwn in the act, he would shoot lum, whoever he 
Cape Palmas to the River Congo, including might be. The om>ortimity soon ocoinnd» 
Observations on the Manners and Customs and the man was shot, when hi the aet of 
of the Inhabitants, JVUh an Appendix^ toking away upon his head a bag of eon. 
containing an Account qf the European When the King was informed m tha air- 
Trade with the West Coast of kSnct^ By cumatance, his only remark was, thss ths. 
Captain John Adams. 8t>o. pp. 266. follow was a^oo^, and not % proper tki^-^ 
Whittaker. P. 103. 



EVERY Work which makes us at 
all better acquainted with the manners 
and customs of the inhabitants of a 
distant part of the globe, may be con- 
sidered as an acquisition to Litera- 
ture; and for this reason, every in- 
telligent traveller who publishes the 
obstrvations which occurred to him 



The following anecdote displays not 

a little sagacity : 

" On interrogating Ocoondo, the Kio^r 
favourite and linguist, respeetiBg the eEf- 
phant's teeth [three of wfaioh, sprfaiUsd 
with blood, it appears in m piece dhi g pue^ 
were placed in a reelining poatnve mfaMfe 
the wall b the King's a ywUBWi t], nd triiy 

thsj 



18».] 



Rbvibw.— Afr. Irving's Orations. 



i&S 



thej were Cootry's fetiche *> his answer 
wasy that the elephant being more sagacious 
and stronger than any animal^ he represented 
best (metaphorically of eourse) Cootry's 
power over his subjects. If the black Mo- 
narch had been acquainted with heraldry, it 
would be a reasonable inference to draw, that 
his fetiche was his coat of arms." P. 1 04. 

A want of space prevents our no- 
ticing several curious customs and 
anecdotes ; but the singular fact> that 
circumcision is very commonly prac- 
tised on the natives in places where 
the Mahomedan religion is unknown, 
is too curious to be passed over : when 
questioned on the subject, the only 
reason they assign is, that their ances- 
tors were so marked. The author 
strongly recommends Malemba for the 
establishroent of a colony, from the 
comparative salubrity of the climate, 
and the peculiarly mild and tractable 
disposition of the inhabitants. On 
the interesting Question relative to the 
termination of tne Niger, he does not 
hazard an opinion of his own ; al- 
though he disputes, and we think sa- 
tisfactorily, the hypothesis of Riechard, 
that it discharges itself into the sea by 
the many rivers between those of Forr 
mesa and Del Rev ; and dissents front 
the idea expressed in a recent publica- 
tion, that tne rivers Lagos and Bonny 
are the embouchures of the Niger. 
Captain Adams thinks that the Niger 
might be more safely visited by way of 
Ardrah and Hio, than by any other 
route at present known. 

The Appendix to the volume must 
be found a valuable assistant to ships 
Tisitin^ this part of Africa. 

Having now willingly allowed the 
^ork the merit which it appears to us 
to possess, we cannot take leave of 
Captain Adams without censuring his 
Tidiculoos attempts to be satirical on 
the members of the legal profession of 
liis native country. Like himself we 
despise pettifogging attornies, but as 
vrc believe they are nearly extinct, we 



therefore feel it our duty to condemn 
such illiberal reflections whenever they 
come before us. Such uncalled-for 
observations as those in> which the au- 
thor has indulged, evince, to say the 
least, exceedingly bad taste ; if they be 
meant for wit, we assure him a note is 
required to inform his readers that such 
was the object of their insertion, for 
we are convinced no one would disco- 
ver it without such an explanation. 



84. Orations for the Oracles of God, In 
Four Parts, Judgment to come, an Argu- 
ment in Nine Parts. By the Rev. £dw. 
Irving, M. A, Minister of the Caledonian 
Church, Ration Garden, London. 6vo, 
Hamilton. 

THIS Reverend Gentleman has at- 
tracted so much notice — he has been 
the object of so much admiration on 
the one hand, and of such bitter and 
virulent attack on the other — that we 
should appear negligent of our duty, 
if we were altogether to abstain 
from mentioning him. At the same 
time, we own, we are not usually dis- 
posed to canvas the merits of public 
Preachers. To whatever communion 
they belong, we regard them with 
that respect, as Ministers of Religion, 
which forbids all severity of criticism. 
We therefore shall offer no remarks of 
our own on Mr. Irving; and among 
our contemporaries it is difficult to 
find any whose prejudices allow them 
to speaK of him with due moderation. 
The most impartial article that we 
have met with on this gentleman's 
oratory, is in the Museum : it breathes 
perhaps somewhat too much levity for 
so grave a topic ; but the following ex- 
tracts show that the writer is disposed 
•* to hold the scales of justice with 
even and clean hands." 

" Who has not heard of the Rev. Mr. 
Irving? Who, among the sons of men, 
and the daughters of women, residing with- 
in a very few miles of Hatton Garden, and 



- * As there is no good explanation of this word in the work before us, and as it is neces- 
MfT it should be explained to understand the above extract, we insert the definition given 
of n in Meredith's Uold Coast. Fetish is applied to every object of worship or veneration, 
9mA is a word of great license, it being applied in a great variety of ways : their priesthood 
9nfilish; things forbidden Bxefotish; places where white men are not allowed to enter 
«lt called fitish; in some places it is fetish to kill an alligator, in others it is so to eat a 
lllaek or a white fowl. If a person is poisoned, or unwell in a way they cannot account for, 
Ik h fetish; instead of an oath to prove the truth of an assertion, they take fetish. Fetish 
W die OH of the West Indies ; Fetish people the conjurors, the physicians, the lawyers^ 
t^ priests of the country. 

Gent. Mao. August, 1S23. especially 



154 RcviBW.— -itfr. Irving*! Oratiam, [Aug. 

eip«cUl!y mixing with the faitellectual and they have treated other prodigies oi u 411- 
{ashionable circlet of the MetropoliB» has ferent oast of ehaneter. A London nutisMo 
pot at least essayed to hear the extraordinary erows cold as qotokly as it grows hot. Otta 
pulpit eloquence of this preacher of the breath makes, and another orwthRMrs : and 
ICirk of SootUnd? The whole town yet a Clergyman, in this histaaee,«ffl be tnaled 
rings with his fiune. Gartered nobles, and with as little ceremony as an aetor. furtfcd, 
^e most eloquent of our senators, yea, it must not be denied that Mr. Irving hath' 
Church dignitaries, with rosed hats, have mueh of the dramatU cast in bb oetiDOnsy 
been squeezed and jammed in the crowd, and in his manner of preachW, Tbnv tn 
pressing onward to hang on the music of those who say that he resemlma Koaai tw| 
his periods, to gaze on the peculiarities of those who contend that he imitates Ymnv. 
his gestures, or to be astounded by the We do not believe |he latter, and w i&Sk 
thunder of his invectives. HatUm Garden^ the former to be porely accidontaL Than 
where the Caledonian Chapel stands, b a is something too stern and sturdy in the 
regular Sabbath scene of coroneted carriages, materials of Mr. Irving's andeistudin^y to 
Within them are seen the Prime Minister, suppose him to be tauble with, ihn wwik- 
the Foreign and Domestic Secretaries of ness and folly of imitation. Yw^ with cvmy 
State, the Attorney and Solicitor General, disposition to do justice to thi ilfliplltity of 
to say nothing of enthusiastic Duchesses his feelings, we must enter tet fnmm n- 
and too happy Marchionesses. Instead of gunst the overcharged and IommImmis 
the present *■ locus in quo,' you would, from manner of the pnaoher'Snd^Qvtiy, Ife^ nl 
an observation of those on fftot, on horse- times extravagant, and at tiAMt fowMf tnd 
back;, and in carriages, which are parading not fitted to thatcoHi^rrenf inldlNMoiriUsh 
it, suppose Regent'Street to be the scene of it is obvious that Mr. Irving wishw to ad- 
action. The whole arena is mdeed magical : dress himself. He most be OMwAil itf the 
and of Hatton Garden it mav be poetically vulgarism of methodisticsl rant i mtA let 
said, in the Utnguage of the Georgics — him be assured that those bemlB and bMrti 

. . ^ ,. which can aimreciate the fbU ferae of hb 

• Mintturqoe novas frondes et non sua poma ! doctrine, will^e repelled, lather ^wZ 

The like before was scarcely ever known, over, if the action be snflbnd to S|^iw« the 
Even Dr. Chalmers, the master of Mr. Ir- word which it accompaniaa. TIm nked 
ving, * the Gamaliel at whose feet he sat,' arm and the clenched fiat may aMP nd 
hardly received such splendid and over- then have driven home the tratfae whifh 
ishelming testimonies of applause. The fell from the lips of John Kjhoki bm in Mr. 
ranks of Ministry and of Opposition have Irving we desire to see a leas 
sent forth, not only their members, but of such gymnastic exercise, 
their champions, to mingle * in unity and ** It must be admitted, at the 
brotherly love,' on the < benches,' over that the ficure and &ce of our ^, 
which tne Preacher of the Caledonian Cha- well calculated to give eflict to -^ , 
pel sends forth his voice, and spreads far wrought action. Of an almost Qoloipd 
and wide his < Orations ' and * Arguments.* ture, with raven-coloured hair, nele 




The fervour (as was to be expected) has sunken cheeks, and dark eyes^ flfr. IrvlM-^ 

eminently possessed the females of rank yet a young man — may be said to ptjiiBt 

and distinction. The giddy grow grave, the an original aspect to his congimtiatt | ad 

timid become alarmed, and the sceptical possibly it is that we freqneowflMrew k 



doubt no longer. him what we could not enimt In' 

<* But, splendid and original as may be the equally- talented Divine. In other i 
talents of the preacher, the walk in which Mr. Irving has commenced a lolW mi a 



he has chosen to tread is limited. Mr. Ir- proud career. Throwing the „ 

ving preaches to the intellectual world. The tions of Duchesses on one iidei and liiesesf 

Great Preacher of Israel chose the poor, the Countesses on the other, lie hea J«ealtid| 

humble, the lowly, and the meek, as the most wisely, to stand on the pedeetd cf his 



object of his ministration. His answer to own nubolstered reputation i end to 

the disciples of John the Baptist is, afber mankind with a conviction that thov? ae- 

all, the exact delineation or description of tiling like independence of mind and ehftne- 

the proper objects of Christianity ; and it ter. Or, whatever dependenoe he.ed^ev- 

concluded with the impressive and comfort- ledces, it is that which, onlj tjjnwWw kv 

able avowal, that ' the poor had the Gos- high calling ; for he is, a* We au NW^ 

pel preached to them.* Mr. Irving will take ters of the Gospel of Christ, an aaUiMi^ 

it in good part if we caution him against of the Most Hioh. 

too re&dy and unqualified an admission of all « In argument Mr. Irving iathei(lMato" 

the < fine things* that are uttered of his exer- peal, than haa reoonrse to sjUc^Mt. a$ 

tions. Let him beware of the fate of * pro- logic does not go directly to^Sehead tf 

digies' in this capricious Metropolis. Let heart. He rouses rathet tlwn flBireiff*^ 

him be assured that his congregation, high and amplifies rather than ct^Qneak fih 

or low, rich or poor, will soon cease to ex- whole thoughts and words dqw and 1k» 

press wonder, and wUl treat him exactly as with inconceismbU rapidity and povsr. 

What 



1&23.] REviBw.-*^Poole*s Byzantmm, 15& 

What Quintilian says of Jnlius Afrieanui written preface, that he hoped he had 

(in the 10th book of hit Oratoriod Insti- not expresaed " any sentiment which, 

utm) may perhaps be ^»plied to Mt. Iffing : in after years, might kindle the blush 

—•In cura verboniin mmius, et composi- of g^ame, or invoke the sorrowing 

A»e nonniiiiquam loBgioT. Iiidaed it must ^3^ ^f penitence :" nor do we deem ft 

not be denied that many of the «mtenee. common praise, when we acknowledge 

are cumbrously constructed, mvolved, and ,». „^*„.:*u L^a\ *u 11 V^Z^^T 

obscure. His^pa^ <>o not exhibit fine, ^^1' notwithstendlng the allul^rtient 

polished writingrrhere is not the elegance 9^. ^¥ ^^^^^y »« ^^as fully adhered to 

of Atterbury, nor the neatness of Blair, nor n»9 intention. 

the highly-wrought finishmg of White. The poem is founded on the fell of 

Now and then there is a resemblance to the Constantinople, and opens with the 

magnificence of Burkei and Mr. Irving is a devotions of the Mufti in the Turkish 

sort of theological Burke in more senses camp on the evening preceding the 

than one ; but he has not the correctness loss of the city, and concludes with the 

and perspicuity which distinguish that great success of the infidtls. The <^ief in- 

writer of political ethics. On the other cidents consist in the love of Theodo- 

h«id, there is perhaps hardly any single vo- gja, daughter of Phrantze the histo- 

W, m the modern annals of rfie press, ,i^„ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^P Mohatti. 

wbch displays greater felicity of concep- ^^ ^ rj. ^^^ leader,-in the de^th 

tion, and greater general eloquence of writ- ^r rv ^ • ,. 1? * >^ w^owi 

ing, than Mr. Irving's publication; and yet, °/ Demetnus, the Emperor Constant 

sometimes even in the most vehement and ^*»« « brother, who, when dying, con- 

overwhehaing periods, we notice the intro- ^fses to Phrantze his attachment to 

ductioD of homely words, and quaint and Theodosia,---Constantine*s reproaches 

even afibcted phrases. to Justiniani, to whose cowartiice Gib* 

« 1* • .1. J • « mr. T^ : -^u ^^^ attributes the losrf of Constantin- 
"It IS the danng o^ M'.I«j;«g wah ,^ ^^^^ j^ ^ ^^j between the 

wmch we are most delighted. He is the r« j ia 1 xt I* j t .• • • 

very Michel Angelo Caravaggio of living 2?""^ ^"^^ No aras, and Justinian;, 

preachers. He spares no classes, no indivi- Seleem, in the last scene, which is 

duals, no fashions, follies, or censurable pur- ^ery short, mforms us of the success of 

suits. Not content with piercing the cuti- his countrymen, and that his own va- 

cle, he penelirates to the bone. Vauxhall lour had obtained the applause of the 

and Hyde Park) Robert Southey, Lord By Sultan : he then overhears Theodosia 

ron, and Thomas Moore, figure almost in lament thecaptivityof her parents, and 

the same page, and are treated with similar the absence of Him (Seleem) who had 

courtesy. Senators, poets, philosophers, gworn to love her in every vicissitude 

and virtuosi, are handled without * respect of fortune ; they meet, ancl he assures 

ofperson; and the names of Locke, Boyle, ^er of his unceasing affection, but 

Newton, and Milton, «e sometimes found ^^^ ^as disordered her intellect, and 
not far asunder from those of our Blessed u • * u* . * V 

Saviour, St. Peter and St. Paul. In one ?^,^J"'^'f "^"1^^? ^'"'' ^V^^^ ^^^ 

place we find Bums vindicated, and in ano- ^^^'^y. ^^^^ attachment, and dies, 
ther a recommendation to the perusal of the Critically considered, By zanttum 

old poem of the Nut-brown Maid." certainly has faults, both in its con- 
struction and style j but a» they will 

♦ ' doubtlessly occur to the author as 

^, ^ . n #.• D s well as to his readers, we shall merely 

d6. Byzantram: a Dramatic Poem, By ^ ^ .r„^ .„^ .i» •* in* ^ 

Edwird Richard Poole, Student of the f^'^^ ^*^f.^ ^^t ^?Tk '^ .^^^^T^T^ 

Inner Temple. 6vo. pp, 142. Lette,>n. '" dramatic interest the princi|>al de- 

ComhilL "^ " feet : its imperfections are, how- 

ever, redeemea by its beauties. Mr. 

AT this period, when so many Poole has strictly followed the narra- 

young aspirants to the favours of the tive of Gibbon ; and in some places 

Muses appear to imagine that they he has almost literally adopted the 

display talent in proportion to the im- most striking passages of that elegant 

ptety their verses contain, — and that, to Historian. In the quarrel scene be- 

shock the feelings of those who do not tween Notaras and Justiniani, and in 

abandon themselves to the doctrines of the different addresses from tht* Mufti 

Pbine, or to the morality of Don Juan, and Greek Patriarch to the Deity, we 

is the surest method of exciting ad- consider the author to have been very 

miration i-—it was no slight recom- successful. The following elegant new 

mendation of Mr. Poole's work to onr dress is given in the former to an old 

good opinion, to find in an eloquently simile: 

" Justiniani, 



156 



Review. — Bp, Burnet*s History ofhu Own Time. 



[Aug. 



" Justimam, 
** Ab for myself, I am content to bear 
Thy puny tamitS) thy in£mtine abuse, 
fVhich shower as rain upon the monarch oak 
But to give glittering lustre to his leaves" 

P. 64. 

Theodosia and Seleem occasionally 
speak in beautiful language ; but we 
are sure a few years hence Mr. Poole 
will be aware that women, young, 
pure, and beauteous as his heroine, 
are not so well acquainted with the 
grosser feelings of our sex as he de- 
scribes her to be 3 and once or twice 
we were sorry to see (p. 12 and 15) 
speeches put in her lips, which would 
have beei> natural and quite in charac- 
ter in those of her lover. The extracts 
to which we must confine ourselves 
will, we are persuaded, justify us to 
our readers in attributing to Mr, 
Poole considerable talent, and much 
poetic power ; his taste appears to be 
formed on the best models of antient 
and modern literature, and in his notes 
he has shewn very extensive reading. 
That his pen will not be idle, we are 
convinced, even in the teeth of his 
avowal that his profession alone is to 
occupy his attention, and from the ge- 
nius he has displayed in the ))oem be- 
fore us, we anticipate much gratifica- 
tion from the perusal of what may 
next emanate from a mind on whicn 
time and observation cannot fail of 
effecting all that it requires. 

** Seleem. 

<< We'll wander through the cool and sha-^ 

dowy groves, [air ; 

Whose boughs distil sweet perfume on the 

Or cull from off some verdant bank, those 

Jlowers 
JVhich decorate rich Nature's holiday. 
And work her kirtle with embroidery.** 

P. 17. 

To her father's mournful reflections, 
Theodosia replies, 

« My father! is it right 
To bend, and more than meet the swelling 

storm; 
Is there no hope, which, like a star above, 
Shines out in consolation to the worn 
And weary traveller, lighting him on 
Through his precarious, dismal pilgrimage ? 
When man — all powerfiil, mighty, conquer- 
ing man. 
Falls — whether in the battle shock, proudly 
Contending for his iojur'd country's rights, 
And as a giant, till o'ercome, beneath 
The congregated force of Heaven — sinks 

down 
Magnificent in death, in ruin terrible ; 
Or calmly on his couch surrenders up 



His spirit to his Maker — is he lost ? 

And b there not another better woiid ! 

Where the pure spotless soul shall 

amoug [then 

Delights unknown, pleasures untold^ aad- 

Throughout immeasurable yearn, — eter- 
nity, — 

Enjoy the realms of Paradise ?" P. 41. 

In the following passage, Deme- 
trius contemplates death, and alludes 
to his secret love for Theodosia, 

** Death is but a pass 
For spirits from this stormy world of wde. 
To that bright region where no bonds en 

bind, 
Nor tyrant ^elings interpose, no Uioi^lits 
Of earthly sadness cloud the sky of bliM. 
How ofben have I seen a gallant heart 
Sicken beneath a secret malady. 
And day by day the manly form decay. 
Sink down at last in silence, every pain un- 
told; 
Just as a tardy sun-beam on the flower 
Pining away unseen, shines out, too late 
To save, still giving fragrance in its death: 
And dare I whisper to my heart that name. 
Which even in the deadliest sorrow, 'mU 
The agonies of death, could quick aUeviatt 
And lengthen life awhile to gaze upon 
That beauteous form, until the qohrsriDg 

voice. 
The hectic flush, the cold chiU, call nny 
The spirit from its fragile tenameut." 

P. 66. 



S6. Bishop Burnet's History qf hit Own 
Time ; with the suppressed Passagei if ike 
first Volume^ and Notes by the Earlt rf 
Dartmouth and Hardwicke, and Sweater 
Onslow, hitherto unpublished, Ta wkuk 
are added, the cursory Remarks if Swift, 
and other OhservatioM, 6 vols, 8«d. Ox- 
ford. 

THE publick are much indebted to 
the Curators of the Clarendon "Pnm 
for this most acceptable production; 
which we conceive, from the initiab 
at the end of the preface, I. M. R. to 
have been entrusted to the care of the 
learned President of Magdalen. The 
name of Routh is so deservedly dit« 
tinguished at Oxford, that we need 
scarcely say that the Editor bat well 
performed his allotted task. The notes 
are abundant in all the volumes ; and 
are full of interest and information. 
Their character is thus accurately de« 
signaled by the Editor. Those of 
L^rd Dartmouth, as ''.abounding in 
curious and well -told anecdotes;*' 
those of Swift as 'f shrewd, constic, 
and ap|X)site, but not written with the 
requisite decorum." Speaker Onslow's 

notes 



18^.] Rbvibw.-— iStr W. Blizard*s Hunierian Oraiion. 157 

notes ''contain many incidental dis- and a calmer behaviour. His vast know- 

cussions on political subjects, and are ledge occasioned his frequent rambling from 

sensible and instructive ; * whilst those *lje po'o* he was speaking to, which nun 

of the Earl of Hardwicke are so can- ^"^ "**° discourses of so universal a nature^ 

did and judicious, that one cannot but *^** *^f® ^" !»J end to be expected but 

wish them to have been more nume- ['°™ * foilure of his strength and spirits, of 

rous/» On this subject, we shall only ''^^^ ^^'^^'^ ^f^ ^ ^»'S«' »^"« .*>»»» 

remark, that those of the facetious Z -mfrnoiiTw^r^^ 

Tx • 1 'i 1 I* most mvmcibie assurance. 

Dean were mere marginal scribbiings, .,* . 111 

written in ill humour, for he tho- , ^^ understand that the copies iri 
roughly hated Burnet; but they were iarge paper oUhis handsome work (of 
never intended by the Dean for the ^.^^^^ ^e believe only 50 were print- 
public eye, and we think it would ^^)' ^^^ already become objects of 
have been as well to have omitted envy among our book collectors, 
many of them in the present work. ^ 

We are inclined to think highly of 37. The Hunterian Oratwn: delivered in 

Bp. Burnet *. He had strong feel- the Theatre of the Royal College qf Sur- 

ines, and strong prejudices ; but we ^eorw in Loudon, on the \Ath day of Feb- 

believe him to have been honest, sin- ruaryy 1823. By Sir William BHzard, 

cere, and religious. He was a violent ^"^- Resident of the ColUge, F.R.S.; 

party man, at a time when parties ran ^:'^' ^> F,R,S. Ed.; Soc. R. Sc. Got- 

violently high. He was a Whig in 'f^* 0>rre^.;HonProfofAmit.and 

principfe, and hated both Roman Ca- ff^' '^ t'^'^''^ Coll of Surgeons in 

tholics and Jacobites. But we will ^°^2^'^f"^^^^^^^^ 

... , i_ J i_ ^i_ ^^** trie JJn/ce qt Irloucester, and to the 

give his character, as sketched by the London Hospital, pp. 56. mth an Jp- 
Earl of Dartmouth, which may be pendix of 10 pages. Rivingtons. 
considered as the more remarkable, as »tittto i r\ .• -n 1 
in another place, this same Lord calls ^?^?,r^^''"u ,'''' ^^^ ^^ P^ 
Burnet's History "the most partial, rused with much pleasure by every ad- 
malicious heap of scandal anS mis- mirer of science and philanthropy It 
representation that ever was penned, embraces a salisfactor); picture of the 
forthelaudable design of givinga false "^il'^7 %\ ^^^.."^'^l^.jpstitution over 

impression of person? and thinls to fu- ^^^^ ^^ ^u !{f Tr?^''?.''^ ^"""^ P^C 

lure ages •" f* ^" ^*'" ^nat liberality for which 

*<«»-. e.x, . he is deservedly esteemed, commemo- 

«Bp. Burnet was a man of the most ex- ^ates many of the illustrations dead, and 

nsive knowledge I ever met with; had „«„«,«i ^f fU« i:„:„„ «.«« ^ * c .u 

-J »-j -.^« - ^«»* j««i -ui, - ' j:_ several of the livine ornaments of the 



tensive 

read and seen a neat deal, with a prodi- /^ n x-' ^1.1 /< 
gious memory; aid a very indifferent judg- T ,^' ^ or are the benefactors to 
ment ; he was extremely partial ; and readily J."® "^rarv and to the world at large 
took every thing for granted that he heard, forgotten by him. For example : 
to the prejudice of those he did not like ; « The eagerness with which the friends of 
which made him pass for a man of less truth science and humanity have stepped forward, 
than he really was. J do not think he de- to commemorate the virtues and talents of 
•ignedly published any thing he believed to Sir Joseph Banks, suggests to us the only 
be false. He had a boisterous vehement offering which gratefrd minds can now make 
maimer of expressing himself, which often to his memory — the silent homage of re- 
made him ridiculous, especially in the House spect ! The extent and universality of his 
of Lords, when what he said would not have labours, directed to the elucidation of every 
been thought so, delivered in a lower voice, department of natural knowledge, have been 
-----^-■— —-------— —--——^— expressed, in terms of generous praise, by 

* See a view of the House in which he the brightest ornaments of the sciences 

resided in Clerkenwell, vol. lxxxviii. i. p. which he so richly adorned." 

497 ; and a representation of his Monument *' The death of Dr. Jenner will be lament- 

(now disgracguUy fiJling into decay in the ed by all the world. His memonr will be 

vault of the Church of St. James's, Clerken- eulogised to the end of time. The extent 

well), in the same vol. p. 113. We hope of the benefits of his discovery is yet only 

that the better taste of the present Rector in anticipation. The influential principle 

and Churchwardens will remove it to a more of Vaccination may lead to a knowIe4ge of 

honourable place, out of respect to the analogous changes in the human system, 

eminence of the individual it commemorates. It has opened a new field for discovery, to 

Many interesting particulars of Bp. Burnet investigators of morbid actions, and prophy- 

and his Ikmily will be found in our various lactic agencies. 

volumes. See our General Indexes, vol. I. << Dr. Jenner was educated to Surgery; 

S4> III. 64. and was a diligent pupil of Mr. Hunter. 

He 



158 RBTiBW.--5tr A. Edmonstone's Journey to Egypt [Augw 

He enriched natural knowledge with many cnce of which, if suspected, had ncH 
corious fecu and obsenrations : tereral of been satisfactorily ascertained. It lies 
which wie the resulu of experiinttits, ner- ^ the West of the Oasis Majm. 

formed at the luggeatjon of hit friend Mr. ^hich commences about the latitod^ 

Hunter, aa recited m his work on the am- -.f Thebes ^^^ 

economy. Encouraged by the representatioDS 

Of the hvmg members it might be of Mr. Belzoni, and stimulated by tho 

invidious m us to select one instance information that M. DrovcUi httd aei 

where so many deserve notice; and we out about three days before them for 

therefore conclude with the author's the destined scene of their researehes, 

brief summary of the Oration : Sir A. E. accompanied by his friends, 

'<The principal endeavour, this day, has Messrs. Hoshton and Masters, loBlDO 

been to concentrate and direct to your time in following him. They were 

minds some of the widely spread rays of the provided with a letter to the Governor 

lummary Hunter: to you, respected bre- of Siout in Upper Egypt, the ton-in- 
thren, belongs the more important work of law of Mohammed Afi Pasha. He 

multiplymg and reflectmg them, by labours j^ ^^^ furnished them with ooe to 

of wMmce, to the honour of surgery, and ^^ ghehk of the Bedouins, which 
to the lustre of bis memory ! ,u r i *"^***'*»""» . v ^ 

« Gentlemen,-.The theme of the Hun- ^^^ S^^'" favourable opportumUes of 

terian Oration b, ' The honour and advance- observing the manners of those wan- 

ment of Surgery.* Its honour has been de- oenng tribes :— 

fined ; its advancement, thence, understood : '* ^ ^as much surprised (says SbA» S.) 

and highly have they been expressed, and ^^ ^beir mode of treatment of a fotag •»• 

promoted, by Royal patronage and muni- n>^* As soon as it was bora they sqoMatd 

ficence. ai^d struck its l^s most omnereinlly agalsife 

'* What act will satisfy expectant grati- ^^^ ground for some minutes. At firtt* I 

tude on this memorable dccasion ? What conceived this violence arose from dii^ 

is decorous on the part of subjects, in token pointment at some defect or defiNrmUryB and 

of their sense of benefits conferred upon ^bat they would infalliblv kill it ; but it ap- 

sclence, and upon mankind ? — Consonantly peared they treated it thus roughly HMnrf 

with the practice of men of noble senti- ^o' the purpose of rendering the Jowts an^ 

ments, from an early period, to place a bust P^^ i <^d in a very short time the aeiiMl 

of the Sovereign whom they venerate, ap- ^^^ >^ble to stand, and receive wi triiiie at 

propriately for grateful contemplation. The ^™ the mother. When two or dine 

Council have, accordingly, by gracious per- months old the flesh is sud to be good* wmA 

mission, obtained a bust of the most illus- ^® milk of the female is very mitfitlaofc end 

trious Patron of this College ; executed by palatable. 

that artist who penetrates the very recesses ** ^^ bas been asserted that the emil*a 

of heart and mind, and embodies their ex- P^^e never varies, but this is by ao mmmt 

pressions : and it does justice to the benig- ^^ case. When fresh in the utoniagt or 

nity of the most august Monarch George approaching a place where they •space to 

the Fourth ; whose bounteous encourage- "^ water, they quicken their alepe eflBsi- 

ment of learning, of the arts and sciences, derably, and flag in proportion wneo «e^ 

and of works of humanity, is conspicuous, ^*^' '^o jud^?« from walking bj thak sUiy 

m the successful labours, and the happiness ^^ calculated that three miles an how is m 

of his subjects, and in the glory of the na- short journev, and aomethiag less in a iM^stf 

tion !" ooe, was a nit aversee, as our olaels wose 

■ ^ but %htlv laden. Nor is the eonuMRi idee 

rpu c. J ^^ r . , "^"^ frequently not rise from their knafli tdl 

itiiL dangers that formerly beset part is removed. Though occaiimiirily vft. 

|he traveller in Egypt, have been les- cious, they are for the most pert gentla aad 

sened since the .rude sway of the docile, except about the moadi of Mam, 

Mamelukes has been succeeded by the ^^^ ^W are very uanuuHMUa. Tba 

more absolute power of the Turkish power of enduring fatigue, with whidi iIm 

Pashas 5 and the Oases having been *<"^'^»»* animal is endued, has not baoo 

represented to Sir Archibald Edmon- ?r«'-'»»«<*- 0«' Bedouins assmd ui thoft 

stone as objects of curiosity, he deter- ^^ "??* tmuMuiny travel with 

mined tn avnil h:m«.ir ^f%K« ^ko«„^ ^**"» heaviest laden, 18 boon 



mined to ivail himself of^'he change o^^T"^, ^~' '* ?T "^i^ 

in the condition of Egypt and to vis'it ^t^i.tJS^li.tr'S:!^^^ 

hem. His party was so fortunate as ing much ei^reeds whati hlidL^hioAjC 

to discover a fourth Oasis, the exist- on this occasion, nearly 70 homdmd 

rnm 



I8t3.] Rbvibw. — Sir A. Edmonstone's Journey to Egypt. 1S9 

from the time they started to their arrival '' The next day the Shehk called on us 

•t the first well. In their food they are early, and havinj? offered himself as a guide, 

iiot much less abstemious ; a small propor- mounted one of our horses and accompa- 

tion of chopped straw and beans, or some- nied us to £1 Cazar, 4 miles and a half to 

times barley, was all that was given to the North. The situation of this jdace 

them daily. is perfectly lovely ; it b seated on aa emi- 

*'0n the ISth, about noon, we passed neuce at the foot of the line of rock which 

for some distance among hillocks resembling rises abruptly behind it, and is encircled by 

artificial heaps. They seem exactly ti> cor- extensive gardens filled with palm, acacia, 

icapond with those Belzoni describes in his citron, and various other kinds of trees, 

journey to the more Northern Oasis, and some of which I had rarely seen before in 

which, he imagines, are the tombs of Cam- these regions." 

hrses's army : but I have little doubt of Westward they discovered an insu- 

their being natural, as they are found all i^^^ j^^k, perforatetl with caverns 

'"''V.w Zf*'** *i f .'A which had served as catacombs to hu- 

M We frequently saw coveys of partridges ^^^ ^^umniies, now infested by jack- 

as far as 70 or 80 miles from water and cul- i, i • i .i • * i ■% ^ ** 

tivation. They are of a dingy sand colour, ^"^J Y*'''' u ^^'^7 Arab attendants re- 

•od, it is worthy of remark, that both here, garded with a degree of religious hor- 

and in the desert of Suez, several species of ^^J- Three miles to the North they 

animals, reptiles, and insects, such as hares, discovered the ruins of a temple called 

lizards, ants, &c. have this peculiarity. The Daer el Hadjar : 

effect appears to be similar to that which «The edifice on the outside is 51 feet 4 

has been observed in very Northern regions, iuches long, by 24 feet 8 inches wide. In 

where animals and birds become, during the £ront b a portico of 8 columns ; three only 

winter mouths, white or grey." are standing, and they in a mutilated state ; 

After journeying due South-west, as their circumference b 9 feet 6 inches, and 

they conjectured about 178 English the space between 7 feet 7 inches : the two 

miles, through the desert, our travel- cea»« l^v« portals reaching half way up. 

lers. to their great joy, found themselves ?»' connected by a lintel. The first clum- 

at Bellata, the first village of the West- ^' '' f /^» ^ "i?,^««' ^X «? .^«|« «^««» 

Oasis • supported by 4 pillars, 5 met m diameter at 

^,— . ' * « i. 1. ,. the shaft. As much as is visible of the 

/•TTie geography of these remote dis- ^j,, j, ^^^^^ ^j^j^ ^ ^^ hierogly- 

tncts IS not easy to be understood from the y,^^^ xhb apartment opens into anoSier 

ambipous usage of the Greek word Oa^tj. ^f the same width, but only 1 feet 4 inches 

which IS Bjnaonymous with the Arabic El , perfectly plain and imomamented, ex- 

Ouah, or El mh, and is evidently derived eepting by the winged gjobe encompaseed 

from the same source. The origmal mean- ^y the serpent, the emblem of ete\S^. 

ing IS clearly defined, as implying a culti- ^\^,^^ j, ^^^^ ^^^^ the door. Beyond 

vated spot m a desert; but the difficulty jtis chamber, and communicating with it, 

turns on Oasis being frequently used m the ^^e three smaller, parallel to each other, of 

fu^ular number, to signify indiscnminately ^^ich the middle one was the Adytum, 

ejther one, or a collection of these ulands. Here the walls are covered with figures and 

The Oasis Magna and Parva, for instance, hieroglyphics, and much blackened by the 

are both composed of a certain number of i^^^ ^^ j^ ^he service of the temple. 

SDOts, yet many authors speak of them as The other two compartments are of the 

if there were but one m each, and among j^^g length as the centre, and 5 feet wide, 

others Ptolemy, when laying down their The roof still continues entire over these 

latitude. The Arabic geographers have given three chambers, which are lower than the 

the name of El Wahat to that oortion of ^^^ ^f the building. 

the desert within which all the Wshs were ci The temple stands due East and West, 
iupnosed to he; and Major Rennell, in his Round it, at the interval of «0 yards, are 
work on the Geography of Herodotus, com- the remains of a thick wall of unbumt 
putes It to extend 850 miles from North to brick, and a gateway of stone fiKung the 
South, and 160 from East to West. entrance. Besides the natural mjurf thU 
They found the English a much structure has sustained from time and vio- 
better travelling character among the 1^°^ winds, its ruin has been greatly accele- 
Bedouins than the Turkish. The na- '»ted by the Arabs in the forcible entries 
tives manifested a very friendly dispo- *^«y *^v« "^« »° ^^^^ of treasure." 
9ition to them, and the Shehk furnish- The following is a concise summary 
ed them abundantly with provisions. of the particulars they learned concern- 
Leaving Bellata at 7 in the morn- ino- this £1 Ouah : — It consists of 12 
ins, th^ arrived at sunset at Abou- villages, 10 of which are within 5 or 6 
daklougn, which lies due West of the miles of each other. At the entrance 
former place : of the plain are Bellata, and Tenida, 

which 



160 



Rbvibw.— Gen. Rapp*8 Memoirs. 



[Aw» 



which is now uninhabited. The cli- 
mate is variable in winter : sometimes 
the rain falls in torrents ; in some sea- 
sons there is none. Violent winds are 
prevalent, and the Kamsin, (S. W.) 
the scource of the desert, frequently 
blows in May and June. The plague 
is unknown ; but in the summer, fe- 
vers and agues are general. The 
springs, which never vary, are all 
strongly impregnated with iron and 
sulphur, and are so hot at their sources 
that the water cannot be used until it 
has been cooled in earthen jars. The 
soil is fertilised by irrigation : the pro- 
duce is chiefly barley and rice ; dates, 
lemons, and citrons, are plentiful. 

''Ismael informed us, that there was no 
thoroughfare through this Oasis, and that 
he was not aware of the existence of any 
other inhabited track beyond to the Westward. 
Some Arabs had lately endeavoured to ex- 
plore in that direction, but at the end of three 
days had met with so terrible a whirlwind as 
to prevent their proceeding. He under- 
stood, however, that there was one towards 
the North, and that some years before a 
man, having lost his way iu the desert, by 
chance found himself there, from whence 
he was 10 days returning; but that the 
route never having been since followed, con- 
tinued unknown." 

Not far from Tenida they met M. 
Drovetti, who was posting to the Oasis 
which they had just visited — so near 
were they to being deprived of the ho- 
nour of bein^ the first Franks known 
to have seen it. 

Travelling South, South-east, and 
then East, tney came on the 2d day to 
the ruins of the temple of El Amour, 
in the desert; and on the 4th to EI 
Carg^, the principal town of the Great 
Oasis. Sir A. E. reckons the distance 
of this place from Bellata to be about 
105 miles. 

We must refer our readers to the 
volume for the particulars of their vi- 
sit to the ruins of the temple of Cazar 
el Zian, and the temple of El Carg^, 
our principal object having been to se- 
lect such passages as relate to the West- 
em Oasis. 

Near to the terhple of El Carg^, 
they found an ample Necropolis, con- 
sisting of 200 or 300 buildings of un- 
bnrnt brick, constructed for the re- 
ception of mummies, ranged without 
attention to regularity, and of various 
sizes or shapes; the greater number, 
however, are square, surmounted by a 



dome, similar to the small moBquet 
erected over Shehks' tombs, having 
for the most ))art a corridor running 
round. Many have Coptic, or perhaps 
Greek inscriptions, but written in a 
hand not legible, and a few Arabic; 
in all they found the Greek cross, and 
the celebrated Egyptian hieroglyphic 
the crtix ansala, which originauly sig- 
nifying life, would appear to be adopt- 
ed as a Christian emUem, either from 
its similarity to the shape of the cross^ 
or from its being considered the sym- 
bol of a state of future existence. 

The relations of antient writers re- 
specting the Oases are added, and some 
omissions and inaccuracies of MM. 
Caillaud and Drovetti are pointed out. 

On the whole, this is a very inte- 
resting and entertaining little volume, 
though written very concisely ; and the 
information it contains is no slight ad- 
dition to our notices of Egypt It u 
illustrated by lithographic prmts. 

S:^. Memoirs of General Count Rapp, Jarit 
Aide-de-Camp to Napoleon. Hrittea by 
Himself, and published by his FamUu, 
Bvo, pp. 43 1 . Colbum and Co, 

THE period comprised in this vo- 
lume includes a most interesting por- 
tion of modern Histoiy, and, whatever 
may be the opinion of posteri^ on die 
nature of the events recorded bj the 
pen of Gen. Rapp, who was himself a 
prime mover in those transactions, yet 
we cannot but confess that the perusal 
of these Memoirs has afforded us con- 
siderable information and entertain- 
ment. The work in fact confirms the 
opinion of Dr. Johnson, that every 
nian*s life maybe best written by him- 
self* ; for in every page we discover 
the tact and genius of the Author, 
without disguise or deceit. 

Rapp began his military career in 
Italy, under Gen. Dessaix, as Lieute- 
nant in the 10th Regiment of Iforse 
Chasseurs, and subsequenUy fought 
under the same Officer in Egypt; at 
the battle of Sediman he was for his 
bravery promoted to the rank of Cdlo- 
nel, ana was honourably mentioned 
in the despatches of the General-in- 
Chief. On the death of Dessaix, who 
was killed at Marengo, Bonaparte ap- 
pointed him to a post about ois own 
person, and from that time hisconnec-- 

* See Boswell's Johnson^ vol, I. p. i j 
and Idler, No. I. p. 82. 

tions 



18tS«] Rbvikw.^— Gtnero/ Rapp*s Memoirs. 161 

tions became more extended, and for- to aupport himtelf agunst the wiU of the 

tune appeared to smile upon him* apartment. He was overpowered hf i3m 

We recollect but few instances of weight of his miefortune. He aeknowledged 

greater calamity, or which had a more ^ extremity to which he wm reduced ; and 

fatal result upon the peace of the Con- "^^J {*>'<* "»> **^X '^? provisions in Ufan 

tinent, or the happiness of Europe, 'T"" f *??f!i« ^^* bowerer, sud, that 

than the surrender of Mack, and the ^hf *^^ '^'^^^Tn'Jl*'?" v."* ttf^. 

r TT... rt • ^u figbtmff men, and 8000 mvalids: bat all 

capture of Ulm. Concerning these wire plunged into the deepest cinfosion. 

disastrous events we here find a faith- „j thatlfery moment augmented die i^ 

ful and lively deUil : ™ of their situation. He added, all hofw 

" I was at the camp of Boulogne when had vanished, and he therefore consented to 

the third war with Austria broke out. The surrender UIra, on the following day at 

French 'were passing the Rhine. The rem- three o'clock." 

nut. of die enemy . «rmy, which h.d been q^ ^^^^ surrender of Dantxic, G«i. 

heaten and nearly cut to pieces, shut them- r% ' ^ a r^ r\T . 

selves up in Ulm, and they were immediately ^PP ^psapnointed Governor of th^ 

summoned to surrender. The account of SjS'^^'i*^ ^^^^ '^»"^. of General m 

thb negotiation, which was conducted by ^hief ; he had previously been en- 

M. de Segur, so well pourtrays the confu- g^ged in many battles, and had receiv- 

sion and anxiety of the unfortunate General, ed several severe wounds, 
that 1 cannot refiram from inserting it here. « I had been four times wounded in the 

About nine in the morning of the 25th, I first campaign of the army of the Rhine, 

rejomed the Emperor at the Abbey at El- under Custme, Fichcgro, Nloreau, and Dea- 

chingen, where 1 rendered him an account saix ; twice before the ruins of Memphis, 

of the negotiation. He appeared quite sa- and in Upper Egypt, before the ruins of 

tisfied, and I left him. He desired me, Thebes; at the battle of Austerlitr., and at 

however, to attend him again ; and finding Golmin. I also received four other wounds 

that I did not come at the very moment, he at Moscow, as I shall hereafter have occar 

sent Marsha] Berthier to me, with a writ- sion to mention. From Golymiu I was ra^ 

ten copy of the proposition which he wish- moved to Warsaw. Napoleon arrived there 

ed me to induce Gen. Mack to sign imme- on the 1st of January, and he did me the 

diateJy. The Emperor granted the Aus^ honour to come and see me. 'Wel^ 

trian General eight days, reckoning from Rapp,* said he, 'you are wounded again; 

the date of the 28d, the first day of the and on your unlucky arm too.' It was (he 

blockade ; thus their number was in reality ninth wound which I had received on my 

reduced to six. The object was to enter left arm; and the Emperor therefore caHed 

Ulm speedily, in order to augment the it my unlucky arm.— -No wonder. Sire, said 

glory of the victory by its rapidity ; to reach I, we are always amidst battles. • We shallt 

Vienfta before the town should recover perhaps, have done fighting,* he replied^ 

from the shock, or the Russiau army could < when we are eighty years old/* 
be in a situation to act , and, finally, our ^^^^ ^^3 ^y,^ unfeeling reflection of 

provisions were beemninc to nul us, which -n ^ -'.'u-j ^j 

Was another reason for ur|ing us on. Boonai)arte, upon visiting his devoted 

"Mack, on finding that ifis position was companion in arms, who was writhtnft 

turned, conceived that by throwing himself ""^er the agonies of his wounds, and 

Into Ulm, and remaining there, he could who dared not to express his senti- 

draw the Emperor beneath the ramparts, ments freely in the presence of a Ty- 

where he hoped to detoiu him, and thus fa- rant, whose whole life was occupied 

vourthe flight of his other corps indifferent in desolation and war. 
Erections. He thought he had sacrificed Among the many plans de\'ised by 

himself, and this idea served to uphold his Buonaparte to ruin the trade and com- 

courage. On the 27th, Gen. Mack came merce of this country, that known by 

to see the Emperor at Elchingen ; all his ^h^ .* continental system *' was the 

illusions had vanished. His Majesty, to ^^^^ ridiculous ; and in the twenty 
eonvmce h.m of the uselessness of detain- ^ ^. ^^ ^^- ^^^y^ ^^^ 

me us longer before Ulm, described to him /. ,,. . ; 

allthe horrors of hU sitmition. He assured ?« ^^^P""/. ^""'l ^^'« P'S!}^''^ .^^^* *^»- 

him of our success on every point ; informed 'Ofced by Oen. Rapp at Uantzic : 
him that Werncett's corps, all his artillery, '* 1 received orders to commit all articles 

and eieht of his Generals had capitulated, of English merchandbe to the flames. This 

that the Archduke himself was in danger, measure would have been most disastrous : 

and that no tidings had been received of the / evaded it, and notwithstanding the pres- 

Russians. All tnis intelligence came like sure of the officers of the Customs, Dantzie 

a thunder-bolt on the General in Chief: lost no more than what amounted to two 

his strength failed him, and \ie was obliged hundred francs, and Konisberg still less. I 
GzNT. Mao. August, 1823. do 

9 



162 MisceUaneow Sewiewi. ' [Aug. 

do not speak of the tufirohandlse procured army in Alsace ; after that gloriods 

by captures." victory, he gave up his commandy 

The concluding chapter brings down made his peace with his Sovereign, 

the events of the late war to the battle and thus found leisure to write these 

of Waterloo, at which period Rapn Memoirs, 
held the chief command of the French 



40. The tTBgedj o{ The Duke of Mantua, castle clandestinely, is reported to be a 
from the masked portrait of Lord Byron, spectre. Isabel had been carried off by a 
the dedication to Lady Byron, and the im* treacherous rival ; and after a variety of ad- 
print of Thomas Davison, is obviously in- ventures and hair-breadth escapes, he sue- 
tended to pass off" as the production of the ceeds in rescuing her; when they'm evm- 
Noble Poet ; but as his Lordship would ne- tually united. This novel certainly poa- 
ver resort to such measures, it is useless to sesses much merit, and, allowing for a 6w 
attempt to expose the delusion. However, trivial inconsistencies, is calculated to ezcita 
it is but justice to the unknown writer to a powerful interest in the mind of the 
state that the plot and the sentiments of the reader. — -— 

piece mav fairly claim some alliance to his 48. Short and PUon Diseomrsesjor the 

Lordship s productions. Although desti' Use of Families, by the Rev. Thomas 

tute of those sparkling poetical touches Knowles, recommend Works, bat m they 

Ivhich occasionally distinguish the lucubra- ought to be, practical exhibitions of Faith* 
tions of his Noble Prototype, still the work ' 

displays many fine and vigorous passages. 44. Shampooing, by S. D. Mahomid^ b 

The story, the moral of which is highly oh- a statement of the results of the ladBaa 

jectionable, is one of a criminal passion, in- system of Shampooing. The author u- 

dulged by Andrea, the Duke of Mantua, for pears to be a very industrious man. His 

Hermione. She returns It, and discards patronage has been most fiuhMwable aad 

Carlos, who !s enamoured of her. The ca- extensive, and the success of bis melbod 

tastrophe is tragical in the extreme. such as to merit encouragement* 

41. Ringan Gilhaise, by the author of 45. Mr. Hughes has published Sixty 
the *< Annals of the Parish," &c. is an his- Views in North and South Wales* mdar 
torical novel, scarcely inferior to the pro- the title of " Beauties of Camtria/' ^E'hsw 
doctlons of the <* Author of Waverley." It are drawn and engraved in Woody in a i^m 
presents, with admirable fidell^, the history which confers very considerable credit ob 
of the Scotch Covenanters. Ringan is the the Artist. They form, indeed, an' car 
hero as well as the narrator of the import- cellent specimen of the perfiictioii to wbidi 
ant events recorded. The Work abounds the art of engraving on wood baa arrived ia 
with the most vivid description; and the this country. Each view is accompaiiied 
author throughout rivets the mind to the by a concise description. 

narrative, l^e feelings he excites are the ■ 

feelings of Scotsmen, as connected with the 46. Mr. C. H. Adams, of £dtltoi|lo% 

glorious struggles of their ancestors for re- has published a Copper Plate Bngmfjogy 

ligious freedom. The novel opens at the upwards of five feet in length, eap SaM t o iy 

period when the Reformation was introduced of the Solar System, and accmnpaoled by 

into Scotland, and closes at the battle of a letter-press description. From the qpiik' 

Binrorie, in which the infiimous Claver- tity of paper occupied in giving the Plaiiets 

house was slain. Here Rinsan, who took a their relative distances, we believe the •»• 
conspicuous part in the fight, emphatically thor to be a much better friend to tl^ 

exclaims, '^The fortunes of the papisticid wholesale statione; than the Juvenile ■!•- 
Stewarts are foundered for ever. Never dent. The feet is, that one hoards iainee- 
agun in this land shall any King, of his tion of a model, or a single vidlt' to flfr. 
own caprice and prerogative, dare to violate Walker's Astronomical Lectures^ would be 
the conscience of the people." Such is of more service than a month's ap|dioetiM 
the tone of feeling throughout. to Mr. Adams's inconvenient rouieaUn 

43. Isabel de Bar^os is a traditionary novel 47. The Repuhlic of the Juts, hjf (he 
of the twelfth century. Tlie scene of the Author of the " Monarchy of the Beet,*' is 
plot is laid in France. Philip de Montfort an elegant and interesting Poem. The notes 
is enamoured of Isabel de Barsas ; but they are remarkably entertaining, particniarhr 
are the representatives of two houses that those of their tacticks (p. 81, sejf.}, wluch 
have long nurtured an hereditary enmity, resemble the warfere of human savegeai 
He visited the Holy Land to avenge a fe- They absolutely fight to make slaves .of the 
ther*s death, and is supposed to be assassi- prisoners of war, our ancient cnstboi (see 
nated. Returning in disguise, he woos his p. 82) ; and afe cannibals, &G. 
Isabel; and, being observed to visit the LITE- 



1893.J [ 163 ] 



LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 



Ready fir PuhUeaUcm, Exchanges of Bengal y with Appendix of. 

A Collection of Criticiwns on several of Accounts and Estimates. By G. A. Prw 

the most learned and important works which *H»**9; ., ^ . *. r» . * ^» 

appeared on the Continent (including a few The ^w^'ly OttcU of Health, or Maga- 

English works also,) from 1666, through j;°« «^ Domestic Economy, Medicine, and 

the course of the last century. It is en- Good-living. By A. F. Crell, M.D. 8tc. 

titled " Cimelia ;" and is by the Editor of The Results of Experience in the suc- 

Res Literaria,, (see GetiL Mag. xcii. ii. p. cessful treatment of Epilepsy, and other 

150.) It is a Collection of Extracts from w^*^® Nervous Disorders. By T. I. Gra* 

the French Literary Journals, chosen out "am, M.D. Also, by the same author, 

of more than 1000 volumes. It consists Observations on the nature and treatment 

of about 1 50 articles. °^ *^e prevailing Disorders of the Stomach 

A History of the Siege of Londonderry and Liver, 

a^d Defence of Enniskillen. With HUto- Fernanda, or the Hero of the Times, 

rical Poetry and Biographical Notes. By A Novel. By Miss Anne Bransby. 

the Rev. John Graham, M. A. author of 

the " Annals of Ireland," « King's Vision," Preparing for Publication. 

&c. Horse Momenta Cravense, or the Cravea 

A Dissertation on the Fall of Man ; in Dialect, exemplified in two Dialc^es, be* 

which the literal sense of the Mosaic Ac- tween Farmer Giles and his Neighbour 

eount of that Event b asserted and vindi- Bridget ; to which is annexed, a copious 

eated. By the Rev. Geo. Holden, M.A. 8vo. Glossary of the Dialects of Craven^, in the 

Bishop Marsh's Theological Lectures, Wes^Ridiug of Yorkshire. 

Part 7. (On the Authority of the Old A History of the English Stage, from 

Testaments) the Reformation to the present Time ; con<- 

Scripture Names of Persons and Places, taining a paiticular Account of the Theatres 

&miliarly explained ; intended as a Compa- that have been erected at different periods 

nlon to the Reading of the Holy Scriptures, in the Metropolis. By H. V. Smith. 

Bishop Hall's Sacred Aphorisms, select- A Critical Analysis of the Rev. E. Irving'f 

ed and arranged with the Texts of Scrip" Orations and Arguments, &c. 

ture to whicn they refer. By Richard- The Spaewlfe, by the author of Ringm 

Brudenell Exton, Rector of Athelington, Gilhaize. 

Suffolk. An Engraving of the curious Brass of 

An Epitome of Locke's Essay on the Hu- Anne Fleming at Newark, (date 1361).; 

man Understanding, in Questionand Answer, by Mr. W. Fowler; with an account of it 

Devotional Exercises, extracted from Bi- by Mr. Edw. James Wilson, of Lincoln, 

shop Patrick's Christian Sacrifice; adapted Outlines of Midwifery, developmg its 

to the present Time, and to general Use. principles and practice ; intended as a Text 

By Ljetitia-Matilda H4wkins. book for Students, and a book of re&renoe 

The Stratification of Alluvial Deposits, for Junior Practitioners. By I. T. Con- 

and the Crystallization of Calcareous Sta- quest, M.D. F.L.S. 

Isctites ; in a Letter to John Macculloch, A Panoramic View of the City of Edin- 

M.D. &c. By H. R. Oswald. burgh and surrounding Country. 

A Guide to the Giant's Causeway, and Memoirs of a Captivity among the In- 
North-east Coast of Antrim ; illustrated by dians of North America, firom Childhood 
Cngravings after the designs of G. Petrie, to the Age of Nineteen : with Anecdotea 
esq. By the Rev. G. N. Wright, A.M. descriptive of their Manners and Customs* 

A small Edition of Plautus's Comedies, By John D. Hunter. 

{■continuation of the Regent's Pocket __ 

Classics, and also an improved Edition of An urn of Roman pottery, highly burnt* 

Ainsworth's Latin Dictionary, iu 4to. By was recently discovered by some w<»kinea 

Dr. Carey. of Mr. Grey, of Milfield Hill, near Wooler> 

Part I. of a new and beautiful Edition in removing a mass of large stones that ob- 

of Damin's Greek Lexicon to Homer and structcd the ploughing of a field.— It is 12 

Pindar, to be completed in eight Monthly inches in diameter ; cylindrical for 8 inches 

Parts. from the bottom, which part is imprssied 

A Memoir of Central India, includuig with a wavy pattern; it then terminates 

Malwa and adjoining Provinces, with the in a cover about 1 2 inches high ; and would 

History and copious Illustrations of the hold from four to five gallons of water. The 

past and present Condition of that Country, urn was S9t upon a fiat stone four feet be- 

py Major-gen. Sir J. Malcolm, G.C.B. low the surfiice. A large flat sand-stone 

Remarks on the External Commerce and was oarcfully placed over it ; and above all« 



164 



Literary Intelligence* 



tAM|^ 



aa ftccumuktioD of whinttonesy from 80 to 
800 cart loodty tome of them of a large 
size. The urn coqUined a qliantity of soft' 
dust of a brown colour, and many small 
pieces of bones not completely consumed 
t^ fire. Those of the head are the roost 
entire, especially parts of the skull and jaw 
bones in which» although the teeth are 
q'lute gone, the sockets remain. — ^The urn 
ii in toe possession of Mr. Grey. 

A Narrative of an Expedition of Major 
Long mid Parly to the Rocky MounlainSt by 
onier of the Oovernment of the United 
States, has been published in America, in 
two 8vo volumes, with an atlas, geological 
SMtions, and views. The successnil execu- 
tion of this enterprise reflects credit on all 
parties concerned. Their commission in- 
cluded the geography and physical features 
of the country, details of botany, zoology, 
geology, and mineralogy, &c. The account 
of a vast sandy desert for 500 miles from the 
^t of the Rocky Mountains, presents a 
frightful waste, scarcely less formidable to 
men and animals than the desert of Za- 
hara} and we admired and sympathized the 
toils and perils of the adventurers, who 
were near starvation, and on the point of 
being overwhelmed by Barbarians. 

M. Lecbaud^ d*Anisy, of the Royal Aca« 
demy of Caen, has issued a prospectus, an- 
nouncing a translation of Dr. Ducarel's 
''Anglo-Norman Antiquities." The work 
is to appear in six monthly Parts. In his 
address the translator states, that Ducarel 
IS cited by all French Antiquaries, and par- 
tloularly the Abb^ de la Rue, in his histori- 
cal Essays en Caen ; and this he conceives 
to be a sufficient apology for undertaking 
the work. 

Return af Mr, Rask from Asia, — Pro- 
ftssor Rask, of Copenhagen, set out on a 
journey to Asia six years ago, chiefly to 
investigate the relations which exist, or 
which nave existed, between the languages 
tff India and Persia on the one hand, and 
those of tlie Gothic and Germanic nations 
on the other. This learned person had pre- 
viously published an excellent Anglo-Sucon 
Grammar, and an Icelandic Grammar, also 
well received. Having travelled through 
Sweden and Russia, he sto[^)ed at Tiflb, in 
Geoigia, made numerous excursions into 
Persia, whence (torn Bassora to Calcutta, 
and afterwards traversed Indostan in various 
directions ; so that we may expect a very 
learned work from him. We think, how- 
ever, that a journey by way of Susdal (in 
Russia), Orenburg, kasehgar, and Great 
Rttcharia, would be useful to complete the 
researcbea which may be made in our days, 
into the anctent connexions between Asia 
and the North of £urope. Mr. Rask has 
brought with him a great many manuscripts 
in Sanscrit, Zend, Bengali, and Persian, 
among whidi are four copies of the Zenda- 



vetto, very different from that which M. ^ 
qoetil translated. He haa made rrsnarnhni 
in the Bull writing, as well as into the C»- 
neiform writing of Babylon and Peiaepolia. 

One of our Paris Letters ssmts, <«The 
lovers of the Arts, and especially Art«ts, 
are indebted to M. Henry de Latoocbe Ibr 
a new publication, designed to exhibit. In a 
series of engravings, the statues and baa- 
reliefs of Canova, now possessed by diffcrent 
proprietors, and scattered over difBmnt' 
countries. This work Is entitled " RMuet! 
de gravnres au trait, d'apr^ les Stttuee eC 
les Bas-relief de Canova." Each engmv- 
ing is accompanied by an explanation yyl im 
historic notice of the sculpture repieaeBted. 
There will be twenty Hvraisonsy each con-' 
taining five engravings. A Uvntism Is to 
appear every month. [This must reeembk 
Mr. Moses s excellent work in EnglamL] 

It is said that several of the moet leaned 
Jews resident in Paris intend to ccmunenoe 
the publication of a periodical work, devoted 
to the moral and social instruction of indi- 
viduals of their own religious persuMioo. 
In Germany there are alrrady two worka of 
this description — the ^^Jeudedia," bj M. 
Hornemann, at Berlin, and tibe *<oovW<- 
with," by M. Frenkel, at Dessau. 

Rocking Stones. 
In the town of Durham, in N^w I|imp« 
shire in America, is a rock eompiited to, 
weigh 60 or 70 tons. It is a detaoM-UooL 
of coarse granite, about 15 feet diaoMta^ tft 
top, and nearly round, averaging seven feaft 
in thickness. Formerly the wiud vooU 
move the rock, and its vibratioos eoqld fas 
plainly seen. It was easily moved by^ dit 
hand, till some four years since, a putgj^ 
firom Portsmouth in America, with a baiW- 
rous curiosity, of which it is hoped tiMy am 
now ashamed, visited it, and after aavpnt 
hours labour, succeeded in moving ii frn^ 
its balance by levers. The rock cannofc aov 
be moved. Other rocking f toaea m Anaa 
rica are in Putnam County, Naw Yoffk^ 
one firom 15 to 20 tons, in Andofat^ Naw 
Hampshire ; and a smaller in Aahliamliam» 
Massachusetts. Both the two last may ba. 
easily moved several inchea bj tha haiidi 
but their appearance is nniuterestiiw» cam\ 
pared with the former situation of m wA 
at Durham*. — Similar rocking stunM aa^ 
found in England, particulariy the nrlnhraleiL 
Loggan stones in Cornwall . (sea Badaaa'a 
History, and Lysons's Account of Conpwa^)* 
Rocking stones are suppoaed bj BlbF^e- 
broke (in his << Encydopedia of Aatiqah 
ties," now in course of pnhfieetioa) **i9 
have been used in divination, tha vibiaKiiaB^ 
determining the made; orfiromthair impj^. 
when violently poshed and revwfaerati^ 
that they were suited to alarm the couatiy 

* From~Protessor Sillimaa'a AnarieHi 
Journal of Science and Afti, in whidl vOfk 
ii a figure of the Raek at Dafhaa. 

iipaa 



i8«s:3 



Literary Inlelligence, 



\ip9d the approach ^ an enemy; or, as 
there was a passage round themy ttM sanc- 
tity was acquired hy perambulating them ; • 
that the cavity was a sanctuary for offenders, • 
for introducing proselytes, people under 
rows, or going to sacrifice, or for the 
concealment of oracular toswers. Among 
the Greeks, they occur as funeral mouu- 
ments ; and, Uke barrows in that nation, 
they were placed upon the edge of the 
sea. In mrder to be conspicuous. There is 
a singular conformity to the Greek custom 
in the following passage of Ossian : < A rock 
bends along the coast, with all its echoing 
wood. On the top is the circle of Loda, 
the mossy stone of power ;* and again, * The 
King of Sora is my- son; he bends at the 
stone of my power.* It appears, according 
tQ the same authority, that the bards walked 
round the stone singing, and made it move 
as an oracle of the hte of battle. That at 
Stanton in Gloucestershire, evidently In or- 
der to be conspicuous, is placed on the nose 
of a promontory, loftier than the neigh- 
bouring heights. ' 

Lamsdown Manuscripts. 

A Catalogue of the " Lansdown Manu- 
scripts" has been printed by authority of 
the Royal Commbsion on Public Records. 
The Preface contains many interesting par- 
ticulars. This collection of manuscripts 
was purchased in 1 807, by a vote of Par- 
liament, of the representatives of the then 
late Marquis of JLansdown, for the sum of 
4925^. 

The Catalogue is divided into two parts — 
the first consisting of the Burghley papers 
only, the seoond comprehending the re- 
mainder of the manuscripts in general, in- 
chidi!^ the Caesar and Kennet papers. Of 
the Burehley papers, one volume contains 
copies of Charters, &c. of an early period; 
but the remainder, amounting to one hun- 
dred and twenty-one volumes, in folio, con- 
sist of State papers, interspersed with mis-' 
cellaheous Correspondence during the long 
reign oi Queen Enzabeth ; and among these 
18 the private Memorandum Book of Lord 
Biarghley. 

delusively of the larger series, this col- 
lection of manuscripts comprehends many 
valuable works on different subjects. In 
British History, Topography, and Jurispru- 
dence, the collection is particularly rich. It 
contains a beautifully illuminated manuscript 
gf Hdrdyng*s Chronicle, as it was presented 
by its author to Henry VI. It deserves es- 
peeial notice. It was formerly Sir Robert 
Cotton's, and it differs from the prmted co- 
mes of the Chronicle (which come down to 
Bdward IV.'s time) so mneh as not even to 
admit of collation. Also, a f^r transcript 
of the Chronicle of Andrew of WyrUown; 
and three volumes of original Correspond- 
ence, the first containing Letters written by 
Royal, Noble, Mdd eminent persons of Great 



1455' 

Britain, firom the time of Henry VI. to the 
reign of his present Majesty. The most* 
important document in the other two vo- ' 
Inmes is, the memorable Letter of Lady' 
Jane Gray, as Queen of England, to the* 
Marquis of Northampton, requiring the al- 
legiance against what she calls <' the fiiyned 
and untrewe clayme of the Lady Mary, bas- 
tard daughter to our great uncle Henry th*^ 
eight of famous Memorye." There is like- 
wise a valuable Treatise on the Court of Star 
Chamber, written in the time of King 
James the First and King Charles the first* 
by William Hudson, esq. of Gray's Inn. — ^la 
Biblical learning the collection contains two 
volumes of particular interest. One is a 
fine manuscript of part of the Old Testa- . 
ment, in English, as translated by Wick- 
llffe ; the other is a volume elegantly writ- 
ten on vellum, and illuminated, containing 
part of a French Bible, translated by Raoul 
de Presle, or Praeles, at the command of 
Charles V. of France ; a version of extreme 
rarity even in that country. There are also 
some fine classical manuscripts : amongst 
them a, facsimile of the celebrated Virgil in 
the Vatican Library, made by Bartoli in 
1642. In poetry, beside two beanti^ ma- 
nuscripts of the fifteenth century, on tcI- 
lum, one containing the Sonnets of Petrarch, 
the other the Comedia ofDarUe, there is a 
very fiiir and perfect copy, also on vellum/ 
of the Canterbury Tales of Chaucer, wrk-^, 
ten about the reign of Henry V. ; in the 
initial letter of which Is a full-length por-» 
trait of the author. Likewise a volnme» 
partly on vellum and partly on paper, beln^ 
j§ Collection of the Poems qf John Lydgate. 
Monk of Bury, many of which have never 
been printed ; and an unpublished poem, by 
Skelton, entitled The Image of Yypocresye, 
believed to be the author's autograph. And 
there is a volume contuning twenty very in- 
teresting Treatises on Music of the fifteenth 
century, orisinaily belonging to John Wylde, 
Precentor of Waltham Abbey, and afterwards 
to Thomas Tallys, organist to Henry VIII. ; 
a manuscript volume that has been particu- 
larly noticed and commented upon by Sir 
John Hawkins and Dr. Burney, in their re- 
spective Histories of Music. 

Buonaparte's Books, &c« 

July 23. The Library of Buonaparte 
was sold by Mr. Sotheby, in Wellington- 
street. A considerable number of bidders 
assembled, and Mr. Sotheby commenteift 
on the curiosity of books which had be- 
longed to such a character. The books had 
the additional recommendation of brief mar*' 
ginal notes, in the hand-writing- of Buona- 
parte himself. They did not, however, rise 
to such high prices as might be expected, 
notwithstanding these notes and the perti- 
nent remarks of the aucticmeer. Buffon's 
Works, with 2,500 plates, in 127 vols, sold 
for 24/. J 8s. 6(/.i. Correspondence between 

Buonaparte 



166 Literary Intelligence. LAW 

Buonftparte auJ Foreigu Courts, &c. 7 vols. agA| place of ftbod«, &e. comprisiiig 6»947 

91, 1 La Croix's Courw of Madiematict« 9 lottars, making 9,817 Utten mora In tha 

Tols. for SL lOs, — at the e«d of the volume space of a sixpence, and I89471 letten 

which contains the Algebra, there are three more in the B<inare di 8} inches thaa ever 

mges of calculations by Napoleen: the was written by Mr.Beedell m the same 

French Theatre, 50 vohunes, for 8Z. 10s.6d,; , space ; so that the total number of letteia 

Servan's History of the Wars of the Gauls written in the whole space amount to . 

and French, 7 vols, for 10/. lOs. ; Volney's 105,951 ; within the square is the repre- 

Voyage in Syria and Egypt, 2 vols. 58/. Us.; sentation of David playing on the har|H di»- 

Bruce's Voyages, in 5 vols, with an Atlas — tinctly visible, formed by the shadea in the 

the tracings and notes on the map are by writing. We may add to thisy tliat Mr. 

Napoleon. Strabo's Geography, trans- Creese offers to prove the reality of what he 

lated from the Greek, 8 vols, royal 4 to, has performed, and which on a slight view 

6i, 1 05. ; Denon's Voyage in Egypt, 3 vols, appears incredible, by writing in the pre- 

— some of the plates are torn out, and it sence of any gentleman or party, who ahonUl 

contains corrections by Napoleon, and the be desirous of having ocular demonstntion 

plan of the battle of Aboukir, traced by of the fcict above stated, 
himself, 17/, A Description of Egypt, Cowper's Poems. 

published by order of Napoleon, 34/. 135. Mr. Johnson, the bookseller, in ScPbnl'. 

Several letters, signed by Buonaparte, for church-yard, obtained the copyright of 

various siuns, none exceeding; 1/. I65. His r. * Tt\^ u* u rj -9 

11 • ^- 1, r J r'^^ • V 11 « Cowpers roems, which proved » aomnc* 

walking-stick, formed of tortoise-shell, of ^f ^ * profit to h' thm AiIIawi 

an extraordinary length, and a musical-head, _° ?»*: rV» mj*'^ 

r ooi ,. A ^^t £e ir manner: A relation of Cowper culed ono 

for 88/. 175. As 200/. was once offered for^^. ..jk tv *^ .T ,^^ 

«u* «*^i. •» 1 ui 1. v^ • tc evening, at dusk, on Johnson, with ft m»- 

this stick. It was probably bought in. If ,, f the e ooe h' h ha ^ ,^| 7. 

all these articles had been offered for sale at t • r uv ..• ' ^j j l 1^ 

. former period, they would probably have •"1", ^"J', ?»"'««•.''»• P""!*^ > *««» 

t I ^ '^ 1 u* 1. • ^ Pi^^t them at his own nski and lei the 

reached to a much higher price. ^^^^ ^^^^ , j.^, ^p.,^ to give to Bi.. 

M. Belzoni.— We are concerned to friends. Johnson penued, and iqp|Hrf»v(4 of 

state the failure of M. Belzoni's intended them, and accordingly printed and paUiahedl 

journey across Mount Atlas to Tombuctoo. them. Soon after they had i^pearad Vefan 

By a letter from that traveller, dated Gib- the publick, there was not a reviev whiA 

nutar, 90th June, he states his having met did not load them with the most lenvriloa* 

with an unexpected stop to his progress abuse, and condemn them to the 



f^om the Emperor of Morocco, thrbush shops. In consequence of the pobUe 

whose country he wished to pass. Mr. B. being thus terrified, or misledy these c 

attributes his fiulure to some intrigues, but ing effusions lay in a comer of the 

adds, *' they are woefully mistaken who seller's shop as an unsaleable pile tar a Ibm 



think that they can turn me back with one period. Some time afUrwarda the 

blow. The only consequence of this re- person appeared, with another hun&.ef 

verse is, that owing to what I have gathered manuscripts, firom the same author | '■hifh 

of information, I shall be able to proceed were offered and accepted, upon d^ bmmi 

with better prospects in another quarter ; terms. In this fresh collection wae the ii^ 

and by the time you receive this, I shall imltable poem of The Task. Not afH^MNl 

probably be one-third of my journey further at the fate of the former publicKtioi^ end 

South than I have been in my last route." thoroughly assured, as he waa^ of tfaeur 

!>.,.....»....» c .1. great merit, Mr. Johnson resolved to nab* 

Penmansiip.-So many accounts have g^h them. Soon af^r they had eppe^vl 

lately been given to the public of extraor- ^i * * *="*• ^~"" ~'^* *uoy i»« •womwo, 

I. ^ u •... ^i ^ '^ 1. the tone of the reviewers instaotiT duMuredi 

du»7|^ wntuig, that we are wrehen- ^ ^ ^^^ ^ itt^trf 

•We perfecuon will shortly be outned in this iy^ 'on. l ^^ ^^ V^? 

art. We feel pleasure, however, in sUting ^' ,?««• J^ *T^ '^ *.» "^.S^ 

the following wonderful performance of Mr. ''"".'"" "? *« *"' A.^T^t' '^J'*^ 

Creese, of Ottery St. Slary, Devonshire, ^^ '"ff^ly "•!«<> the firwto «f b. ««. 

t • 1 t ^ ' 1 . daunted ludfirment* 

which exceeds every attempt yet recorded "^ ^ 

of any individoal, and challenges the great* '^^^ Orkneys in Paww. 

est efforts made to excel in this branch of 'A curious circumstance,' sayi Dr. deffa^ 

art. The gentleman alluded to has written, < was mentioned to us in Norwi^, by Bep* 

without any abbreviation whatever, and nard Anker, of Christiana, * * * . He toM 

without the assistance of glasses, in a square us that Great Britain holda the Orkaej 

of 8^ inches, the first 77 Psalms, with 81 Islands only in pawn. Lookbg over 




consupBed — 

tM>n, the Lord's Prayer, Creed, Ten Com- England in lien of a dowry for e Deafah 
mandments, the 98d, 100th, 117th, lS0th» Princess, married to one of onr EagUsb 
I84th, 185th, and I86'th Psalms, name^ KingSi upon condttkm tlM thciB iiMnile 



tssi] 



AH$ and Scienitt, 



J67 



fiurald be lestorad to Dwmvk whtaevtr 
lh». debt» for which they were pledged, 
should be discharged. lAerefore, as the 
price of land, and value of money, have un- 



dergone tuoh eontiderable alteration since 
this happened, it U in the power of Den- 
mark, for a very small sum, to eiaiiu pos- 
session of the Orkneys.' 



ARTS AND SCIENCES. 



Sale qf the hte Mr. Nollekins' Models, 
Busts, Pictures, (xnd Statues. 

July 8, 4, 5. Nollekins has left behind 
him a name, deservedly high in the annals 
of British art. He was, in the prime of his 

• <Iay, the Emperor of bust-chisel lers. Bacon 
could not approach him ; and Banks reserv- 
ed his exquisite talents chiefly for subjects 
of classical illustration. Flaxman had, and 
has, the same bias; and, with submission 
be it said, a glorious bias it is. Perhaps 
the first of Nollekins* works, which made 
any decided impression on the publick, was 
his well-known head of Mr. For, sculptured 
for Catherine, the Empress of Russia. The 
repetitions of it are almost innumerable, 
not only in marble, but in prints of an end- 
less variety of style. The bust of Pitt had 
at least an equal notoriety and extensive 

-. sale. The sculptor put forth, from his own 
studio, not fewer than 100 of the former, 
and 150 of the latter, and these at 100 

Soineas apiece! Meanwhile, the head of 
most every Senator (till the more radiant 
. star of Chantry arose) was to be found in 
NoUekins' work-ishop; and although his 
f^ttsel was less happy in the busts of the 
flur sex, yet it was scarcely less occupied on 
them. Ais whole -length statue of Pitt, 
now in the Senate House at Cambridge, 
was considered to be the consummation of 
his talents. It is justly very popular ; be- 
cause there is a good deal of nature, and a 
wonderful similitude to the original, in the 
whole of its composition. His head of 
WdKngton, of which plaster casts are car- 
ried about on the shoulders of everv Italian 
Itinerant, possesses great merit, from its 
extreme simplicitv and characteristic pro- 
priety. Yet, on the whole, Nollekins never 
readiied the exquisite truth and expression 
of character, which marks the chisel of Chan- 
try ; the tips of whose busts absolutely 
' Dreatne. 

The contents of the miscellaneous sale, 
about to be described, brought to our view 
the principal original, or ideal figure, ever 
executed by Nollekins ; and that was his 
Venus. The figure is naked, a little under 
fthe size of life, and occupied in pouring am- 
brosia on its hair. It was purchased for 33 1 L 
Those who remember tlie lovely and pc« 
puhtr figure of another Venus, by the same 
artist) in the act of ' pu.;ting on her slipper,' 
.will not accuse us of a. want of just percep- 
tion of the beauties of Nollekins' chisel, 

• when we saj that, compared with that repre- 
^•twtatioti qi. th^ Paphian Goddess, the pre- 

p^it lacketh dignity and loveliness* 



The surprise, and perhaps sorrow, that 
the first sculptor of his age, dying at tlie 
advanced time of life of 86, and leaving a 
fortune of 180,000/. behind him— without 
heirs — should not have accumulated in 
marble, something like what Mr. Angerstein 
has done in canvass, was general, and perhaps 
justly founded. If, on the other hand, a 
small portion of this enormous capital had 
been left towards the foundation of a School 
OP Sculpture, by the distribution of re- 
wards, or annual premiums, the deceased 
would have left behind him some redeeming 
recollections ; and we are persuaded that 
THOSE, who will be benefited by the parti- 
tion of his property, would be among the 
foremost to applaud the wisdom of such a 
bequest. 

List of Purchasers, Prices, &c. 

A Bust of Pope, ccyied from the origiaai 
by Roubiliac [far inferior to the Garrick 
Bust*].— [14/. 14*. Rev. Mr. Este.] 

A Bust of Sterne, by Nollekins.— [60/. 1 8*. 
Mr. Russell Palmer.] 

Rinaldo and Armida, painted bv West 

[64/. 15. Do.] 

Four Terra Cottas, by John of Boulogne 
(late Mr. Lock's of Norbury).— [53/. 1 1*. 
Do.] 

A Copy of the beautiful antique Femalo 
Portrait, commonly called Clytie, of the 
Townley Collection. — [58/. 16*. Do.] 

Venus pouring Ambrosia on her Hair, a 
beautiful Statue — original design of Mr 
Nollekins. — [231/. Do.] 

A Copy of the Laocoou, modelled in Ter- 
racotta, by Mr. Scheemakers.— [33/. I9s. 
Do.] 

Original Cast of the Sitting Figure of « 
Venus, by Mr. Nollekins j the clay mould 
for which was destroyed. — [84/. The Earl 
of £gremont.] 

Antique Bust of aMuse. — [38/. 1 7*. Do] . 

Original Bust of Sterne f, in terra cotta, 
by Nollekins, done at Rome. This bust 
first brought Mr. Nollekins into repute as a 
sculptor.— [46/. 4*. Mr. Agar Ellis.] 

A Figure of Cupid whetting his Arrow, 
by Nollekins,— [8/. Mr. Hamlet.] 

A half-size Cast of the Statue of the late 
Marquess of Rockingham, by do. — [a/. 5*. 
Mr. Chantry.] 



* See p. 64. 

t Mr. Nollekins received only twelve 
guineas for the original of this bust in 
marble ; a copy of it sold in the present 
»ale for 60/. 18*. 

A small 



168 



Ari$ and Sckntet, 



A small Friot of St. CeeUiit, engiMred by 
M. ADtomo.^[SO/. Colm^ghi.] 

A Lake Sceiie» with Figures^ View in 
Italy, painted by WilaoD.— [l 17^. 13«. Mr. 
Tomldnson.] 

A River Scene, the companion, by Wll- 
son.— [97/. IBs. Do.] 

A View of Dover, by Wilson.— [84Z. 18*. 
Rudey.] 

Portrait of Mr. Nollekins, by Sir W. 
Beechey .— [1 6/. 1 6*. Do.] 

Portrait of Do. by Abbott.— [14/. 14*. 
Palmer.] 

An antique Statue of Minerva, with the 
Helmet, the arms replaced by Mr. Nolle- 
kins, in lieu of the antique. — [169/. 15*. 
llie Duke of Newcastle.] 

A circular Altar or Pedestal, embellished 
with rams' heads and festoons of olive. — 
[84/. 2*. 6d, Do.] 

An antique Bust of Commodus, perfect, 
and very fine, said to resemble tne late 
Francis Duke of Bedford.— [336/. Do.] 

Ditto of Mercury, of fine Greek sculpture, 
from Lord Besborough's, at Roehampton. 
—[147/. Do.] 

Antique Bust of a Faun. — [1 05/. Do.] 

Do. of a Faun in Rosso, very spirited and 
fine. — [181/. 10*. Do.] 

Do. of Julia Pia.— [42/. Do.] 

Do. of Agrippina. — [1 7/. 1 7s. Do.] 

Head of a Greek Philosopher. — [9/. 9*. 
Do.] 

Do. of Pertinax. — [9 1 /. Payne Knight.] 

Do.ofTrajan. — [25/. 4*. Samuel Rogers.] 

Ariadne, a Copy from the Antique. — 
[82/. 11*. George Bync.] 

Antique Bust of Marcus Aurelius. — 
[17/. 17*. Do.] 

Bust of C.J. Fox, ^y Nollekins. — 1 52/. 5*. 
Do.] 

Head of C. J. Fox, by Nollekins.— 
[92/. 1*. Mr. Ponsonby. 

Head of Domitian. — [35/. 14*. Mr. 
Thane.] 

Head of the Laocoon, by Wilton. — 
[86/. 15*. Mr. Paynter.] 

Antique Bust of Berenice. — [11/. lis, 
Mr. Soane.] 

Do. Portrait.— [1 4/. 1 4*. Do.] 

Diving-bell at Port Patrick. 
The diving-bell, or rather the improved 
instrument now in use at Port Patrick, is a 
square cast metal frame, about eight feet 
high, twenty-two feet in circumference, and 
weighing upwards of four tons. This frame 
is open below, and at' the top are twelve 
small circular windows made of very thick 
* glass, such as are sometimes seen used on 
board of ships. Tliese windows are so ce- 
mented or puttied in that not a bubble of 
water can penetrate ; and when tlfe sea is 
clear, and particularly when the sun is shin- 
ing, the workmen are enabled to ean^ on 
their submarine operations without tlM aid 
of candles, which would coMume nearly u 



mveh air it BD emMl'iitambir of hnoMB 'im* 
ingi. In the inside of the bell ut ■oMi'lbr 
the workmen whh pen to Ymag ibdr %odk 
(Ml, and attached to it is « strong MAfe 
air-pump, which b a great improvemeiit oa 
the old feshioned plan of sinking bttrals 
filled With air. Frdm this pump issaet a 
thick leathern tube, which is cJoaeW fitliBil 
- into the bell, and the length of whfeh eAa 
easily be proportioned to the depth of wster* 
The bell is suspended from a wry Idkig cnuMy 
the shaft of wnich is sunk to the way hmH 
of a vessel, purchased and fitted ii|^ fiir At 
purpose, and which is, in fiuity a HeetMitT 
part of the diving apparatus. On tbe dew 
of this vessel is placed the air-pamp^ w wki p J 
by four men with an additional htiid to 
watch the signals. When abont to oom- 
nience operations, the sloop u moved io the 
outside of the breakwater, the idr- p — ip 
put in motion, the crane worked, and then 
go down the aquatic quarrymeo* From Ha 
weight and shape, the maohine BUHt dhp 
perpendicularly ; while the vohmie of mt 
within enables the wockroen to hreadiey end 
keeps out the water. On ani^ng et the 
bottom the divers are chiefly aimoyed with 
large beds of sea-weed, althoiwh non llie 
inequalities of the channel at Pertfietrkir, 
and the partially uneven meniMr in wkiA 
the ledges of the bellocearieneUy net en 
the rocks, it is impossible to ezjpai Ae 
water altogether j and this, it b pr 
is the reason why it is ^uiigeroos'to 
in rough or squally weather, when ibe 
ing and agitated deep would be apt to dub 
in the smallest cranny. To guaid egansl 
the effects of several nours partbl- Immer- 
sion in water, the men are p r o f ld ad wftfa 
large jack-boots, cm of wool, aad co rne a 
woollen jackets. They also obwrve the 
precaution of stufliug tbteir ears wM 
as the constant stream of air wfaicli 
from above, occasions, st firsty 
sensation, and is even apt to 
ness. The chief sul>-mariiie artbt 
from Holyhead; and out of 180- 
carpenters, and labourers, only ebe 
is said, volunteered to assbt hbb. A re- 
spectable and ingenious gendenMii, who had 
been down in the bell, stated tbat-fae Mt ao 
inconvenience whatever; but the ait-fmap 
workers, among whom were made eome mi- 
nute inquiries, shook their heeds at tkm 
piece of information, and hiioted that tibe 
volunteer-diver had often felt e Utile qu e ei* 
ish, end, ibr one thinff, " hed' tahea Ids 
victuals very badly." Now,- we hava t»a or 
three men working with perfiMt eesa aad 
'safety SO, 25, and 8ometiaMs:dO fimk bekar 
watier. In carrying out the new pnr ik b 
necessary to maJce a hed for the feaadMAaa- 
stonea, which would otherwise be left atltlM 
mercy of the waves«Muid this, ia a wofd^ b 
the duty of the diven. - With pidMy'rhma- 
m^s, jumpers^ and ganpowder^ iha mast 
rugged suRBoe b aaub-^veio aad aonMasa 




■18133.] 



^rls and Sciences, 



169 



hed prepared for the huge masses of stoue 
which are afterwards let doWn« Lut the 
blocks themselves stronglyboimd together 
tvttb iron .and cemeot. The divers^ like 
Other quarry mexi, when they wish " to 
blast," take good. c»xe to he oat of harm a 
way. By means of a tin tube* the powder is 
kept quite dry, and a branch from tne larger 
cavity, ho}Iow» and filled with an oaten 
straw, is lengthened to the very surfuce of 
the water before the fuse is lighted. In 
one or two cases the powder has failed to 
explode, and it is very teazing fur tlie men 
$£ia three or four hours hard work below 
water to descend again, fur the sole purpose 
of repeating the blasting process. 

^ Burns* Monument at Ayr. 

The monument which has been erected 
at Ayr, to perpetuate the memory of Ro* 
bert bums, was completed upon the 4th of 
July, and a tripod fixed upon its summit, 
in presence of a numerous assemblage of 
Freemasons and subscribers. The situation 
of the building is extremely well chosen, 
and in the centre of those scenes which the 
poet has so often described. 

This elegant structure consists of a trian- 
gular basement supporting a circular pe- 
ristyle of nine columns of the Corinthian 
order : above these rise a domical roof, de- 
corated with ornaments, which serine to sup- 
J>ort a tripod. On this tripod is the ful- 
owing inscription : 

The first stone of this Monument, 

Erected by pubiip Subscription, 

In honour of the Genius of 

Robert Burns, 

Wa9 laid by the late Sir Alexander Roswell, 

of Auchinleck, Bart. 

[Upder whose exertions, principally, the 

subscription was commenced and 

carried through,] 

On the 25th day of Jan. 1 820 : 

And on the 4th of July, 1823, 

This Structure being wholly completed. 

This Tripod 

Was fixed upon the summit, 

In presence of a numerous assemblage 

of Freemasons and Subscribers. 

Headed and addressed on the occasion by 

William Fullerton, Esq. of Sheldon, 

Thomas Hamilton, jun. Architect, 

and 

John Connel, jun. Builder and Contractor. 

Within the basement is a circular cham- 
ber /of the Doric order, about 16 feet bigli, 
from which a flight of steps conducts to the 
.fallery above. 

. "Hio general idea is borrowed from that 
cxqi^ite fragment of Athenian architec- 
.(qpPQf the Choragic Monument of Lysi- 
ciBtes; than which it is hardly ))08sible 
to conceive any edifice, of a purely de- 
eprative-chiracter, qombining at once such 
< luxuriance of fancy, with such purity of 
■If^te. Still, beautiful as tiic memorial iicre 
.• . GtsT, Mag. Augusl, 1823. 

10 



raised to the memory of Scotia*s bard un- 
doubtedly Is, it may be questioned whether 
the Doric order would not have been fiir 
more characteristic of the energy and sim- 
plicity of the lays of Bums ; and also more 
m unison with the surrounding scenery* 
With regard to the site of this monument, 
none can be more interestmg or better cho- 
sen, it being in the centre of those land- 
scapes which the genius of the poet has ren- 
dered classical ground. 

London. 

It is stated to us, and must give satis&c- 
tion to every lover of tasteful improvement, 
tliat it is the intention of the Commission- 
ers for the improvement of the Western 
part of the Metropolis, imder the sanction 
of Parliament, to remove all those uns^htlj 
buildings at the upper part of Charing Cross, 
and on that spot to erect an exact fiic-simile 
of the Pantheon at Rome, with its match- 
less portico to face Whitehall. The exte- 
rior of this noble specimen of antient archi- 
tecture will form one of the finest ornaments 
that any modern city can boast ; and the in- 
terior will be appropriated for public exhi- 
bitions. 

Flint Celt or Battle-Axe. 

A remarkable specimen, both fWr its 
beauty and size, was found on the 8d of 
May last, on the property of James Naime, 
esq. of Claremont, near St. Andrew's. It 
lay towards the bottom of a pretty steep 
bank, two feet below the sur£M». Its sub ' 
stance is of flint, of a grey or dove colour. 
Its length one foot. Its greatest breadth is 
three inches, at the middle two inches and 
three-tenths, and its least breadth one inch 
and nine-tenths. Its greatest thickness is 
one inch and three-tenths ; and its weight 
is about 1 lb. 14 oz. Its larger end is brought 
to a sharp edge, and tlie smaller end, though 
rounded, is considerably more blunt. It is 
described, and figured, in the Edinburgh 
Philosophical Journal, No. XVII. 

Geological Survey of Ike Great Canal, in 
AUfOJit/y North America. — A survey of the 
whole contiguous region, and of all the in- 
teresting tracks in its vicinity, exteudmg 
from Albany to the Falls of Niagara, has 
been undertaken by Professor Amos Eaton, 
with able assistant^ under the patronage of 
the Hon. Stephen Van Rensselacn. 

An experiment promising considerable 
success, has been made in Paris. It is an 
attempt to preserve the large paintings of 
the most distinguished artists by the em- 
ployment of plates of pottery. The differ- 
eut parts of a large picture are united by a 
composition, and so coloured as to disguise 
completely the joint. The artists who 
work at this experiment propose by this 
means to produce paintings as durable as 
mosaic, of roudi easier execution, and at a 
very moderate price. 

SELECT 



I iro ] 



tAug. 



SELECT POETRY. 



Rettoralion of Malmzseu BY Abbey *. 
Respectfully inscribed to Lady Catherine 

BiSSET. 

By the Rev. Mr, Bowles, qfBremJiill, 

TtJONASnC and time-conseerated Fane, 
Thou hast put on thy shapely state 
again. 
Almost august, as in thy early day, 
Ere ruthless Henry rent thy pomp away. 

No more, thro' panes, in lucid colours 
rich, [niche ; 

The sunshine streams on many a fretted 
No rich-roVd Priests the Mass, at noon- 
day, sing, [swing ; 
No YoutDs, in white, the fuming censer 
No more, the stoled Fathers pace along 
With lighted tapers, and slow-chaunted song ; 
Yet the tall window lifts its arched height. 
As to admit heaven's pale, but purer, light : 
Those massy-cluster'd columns, whose long 

rows, 
£'en at noon-day, in shadowy pomp repose. 
Amid the silent sanctity of death, 
Like giants, seem to guard the dust beneath : 
Those roofs re-echo (though no altars blaze) 
The prayer of penitence, the hynm of praise ; 
Whilst meek Religion's self, as with a smile. 
Reprints the tracery of the hoary pile. 

Say not on the proud Abbot's mitred state 
Imperial pomp and gorgeous service wait. 
Oh ! I have seen a nobler sight ! have seen 
(Each mild affection glowing on his mien) 
A Christian Prelate bless — with out- 
spread Jiands, [fill bands 1*. 
And with a fitther's warmth — those youth- 
Worthy its guest, the temple. What 
remains ? 
Oh, mightiest Master t» thy immortal 

strains 
These roofs demand. — Listen, — with pre- 
lude slow. 
Solemnly sweet, yet full, the organs blow. 
And hark ! again, heard ye the choral 

chauht 
Peal throngh the echoing arches, jubilant ? 
More softly now, imploring litanies §, 
Wafted to Heaven, and mingling with the 

sighs 
Of penitence, from yon high altar rise : 
Again, the vaulted roof Hosannah" rinss— 
<( HosANNAH ! Lord of Lords, and King 
OF Kings !" 



Wak'd by the sound, metiiloks, af from 

the dead. 
Old Athilstan || might raise hie ' Rg«l 

head. 
And hearken, till the harmony ezp«ret, 
Like faint responses from his ancient quires. 

Beautiful Temple of the Lord, the 

rage. 
And the blind fury, of a former age 
Smote thee ! And hark, e'en now whet 

yells and cries 
Round the calm temple of our Sioir rite !' 
Rent, but not prostrate, strickeQ, yet 

sublime. 
Reckless alike of Injuries or Time ; 
Thou, unsubdued, in silent vasAwtj, 
The tempest hast defied, and soak defy ! 
The TEMPLE of ou r SioN, so, shaO mock 
The mutt'ring storm, the very eardujueke's 

shock. 
Founded, oh ! Christ, on thy iterhal 

rock. 



TO MRS. BUTLER ir. 

In answer to her question^ ** why I dul aof 
lie down to repose myself longer in the dby 
time f* ffritten just upon my Reeaoer^ 
in Marchy 1778, after the Deaih ffm^ 
lamented friend Dr» Dodo, and n^ m-^ 
vere illness. 

A SK roe not, Anna, ask no more. 

Why, on the downy couch reclin*d» 
Longer I court not Slumber's poweff 
To rest the frame, to soothe the mind. 

Weak tho* that frame, by sicknesa wom^ 
And all relax'd by torturous pftin i 

Tho' languid each idea bom. 
That helps to crowd the OMntsl tnin. 

And sweet, extatically sweet, 

Tho' Slumber's power each mortal knows i 
In vain the Charmer tries to greet 

My throbbing temples with repose. 

How should I taste the genial helm 
My truest Anna from n j side I 

Or how enjoy that pleasing ealm» 

Which-^left alone—'to SUqi^a deny^d f 

Did not, in torment, thy dear hand. 
Did not in frenzy thy blest care,— > 

Did not they all my fate command. 
When life hung trembling on a hair ? 



* This majestic but dilapidated pile, at great expense, has been lately repaired, and with 
tasta and judgment in every respect consonant to and worthy of its ancient charader, faj 
Mr. Goodridge, architect, of Bath. These verses were written under the contemplataoa 
of this singularly beautiful and unique pile being open again for public worship, by a ear 
cred Musical Performance, some time in the ensuing month of October. 

i* At the Confirmation, August 2. t Handel. 

§ Supplication, from the Greek word. |t Whose tomb is near the altar. • 

IF See our Obituary fur thli month, page 182. , . , 

■ Was 



18^.] 



Was not thy Toice my last left bliss ? 

Thy 'tendance all my sonl'^ detirey 
When the scorch'd lip, the grateful kiss, 

ProclaimM my panting heart on fire ? 

Midst sacking horrors hopeless laid, 
IVixt life and death the while I hung, 

How did I prove thy chearing aid, 
And drinlc the magic orthy tongue ! 

Mark the red eye, the pallid cheek, 
Th' attire neglected — all for me ; 

Mark, how full oft, thou 8trov*8t to speak. 
But check'd — ^lest struggling tears should 
flee* 

And think'st thou, dearest, if in ff^ocj 
My woes were thine in each degree. 

That when new Joys begin to grow. 
Those Joys shall flourish without Thee f 

—Nor, without Thee, can health arrive. 
Nor without thee, can sleep come near ; 

Nor slimibers soothe, nor rest revive. 
If absent thou, my Anna dear! 

March 1, 1778. Weedbn Butler. 

EFFUSION BY CLARJE. 

*• The Northamptonshire Peasant,** 

To the Right Hon, Admiral Lord Radstock. 

^^IS sweet to recollect life's past con- 
trouls, [by, 

And turn to days of sorrow, when they're 
And think of gentle friends and feeling souls. 
That offered shelter when the storm was 
high— 
It thrills my heart ! as mariners have turned. 
When 'scap'd from shipwreck, 'mid the 
billows' roar, [spurned, 

To look on fragments, that the tempest 
On which they clung, and struggled to 
the shore ; — 
As sweet it is to turn — ^and hour by hour, 
Reflection muses on the good and great. 
That lent a portion of their wealthy power, 
And saved a wormling from destruetion's 
fate! 
Ofk to the patron of her first essays. 

The rural muse— oh, Radstock ! turns her 

eye, 

^ot with the fulsome whine of fawning praise. 

But soul's deep gushings — iu a silent sigh ! 

Jit the pale blossom, dwindling deep in shade, 

Should e'er a sun-beam to its lot be given. 

Perks up, in hopeful bloom, its feeble head. 

And seemly offers silent thanks to heaven I 

IMPROIMPTU : 

Written by J. Bissbt, on the Sixty-second 
Anniversary of his Birth, 

'TWS day* twenty-third of the month call- 

ed " June," [Ziw, 

I am healthy and well, and of age Sixty- 

Hank 6od> all my fitculties seem in full tune. 

And my pulse beats as strong as it e'er 

. -usM to do. 



Select Poetry. 171 

For the last twenty years, 1 can scarce trace 



^ aline 

More furrow'd by time— ^r more deeply 
indented. 
My resolve I still keep — of abstaining from 



wine*. 



I dnvikaquapura, and live quite contented. 

My wife, and my children, and grand-chil- 
dren (five) [assistance. 
To cheer my old age, gladly lend their 
And I firmly believe, that no mortal alive. 
E'er enjoy 'd more true pleasure since 
man's first existence. 

Belle File Place, Leamington Spa, 



Translation of the Latin Epitaph of Lord and 
Lady Knyvett, at Stanwell Churchy 
Middlesex, 

TF by our tomb some pausing stranger tread* 
And ask of Death the story of the dead* 
Lest vainly here his eye attracted dwell. 
What once we were is left this stone to tell. 
While life yet was, and love his seal had set 
On years that nearly, hearts that nobly met. 
Bound by the chain, as firm as faith e'er wove. 
We woo d to wed, and, wedded, liv'd to love. 
We died, and Hymen's five and twentieth sun 
Left us at last, whom 's first had found so-— 

one: 
Nor shall e'en death command us, meet na. 

more, [shore* 

Since all his waves but wash a common 
Where, tho' our founder'd frames this mar- 

ble mound contain. 
Each soul, escap'd the wreck, shall clasp her 

own again ! S. P. 

Christ Coll, Cambridge, July 17, 1823. 



Sonnet on Carisbrooke Castle* 

Isle of fVight, 

"ll/^HERE'S now thy grandeur, haughty 
Carisbrooke f 
Where now that gloomy cell which basely 

gave 
Poor England's King to an untimely grave ? 
Fall'n are thy battlements ; thy halls for- ' 

sook. — 
But yet one fatal window still appears 
Sav'dfroit) the mouldering hand of Hme, 

to shew 
A sad memorial of a Monarch's woe— 
And wake the soul to sympathetic tears.— 
Tho' thy proud relics threaten danger round. 
And warn the curious stranger to depart ; 
Sorrow would yet pervade his generous 
heart — 
Ev'n if no stone to tell the tale be found ;— 
For lasting hist'ry will the record bring 
Of factious subjects, and a murder'd King. 

Etonensis. 

* This resolve was made before J. B. was 
ten years of age ! 

HISTO- 



t 172 ] 



CAug. 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



FOREIGN NEWS- 



SPAIN. 

Nothing decisive has yet ensued, with 
Tospect to Peninsular affaln. In consequence 
of the departure of the Duke d'Angouleme 
for Seville on the 98th of July, rumours 
have been afloat of oegociations being on 
the tapis. 

It appears that on the IGth of July, the 
Constitutionalists made a sortie from the 
Isle of Leon. It consisted of 9000 men, 
well supported by the batteries. Tlie inha* 
bitants arc determined to resist to tlie last. 

On the 15th of July, the French army 
presented itself before Corunna. It attack- 
ed with impetuosity all the Spanish posts, 
amounting to above 2000 men, and forced 
them to fall back under the cannon of the 
place, when a serious fusilade and cannonade 
took place. About four o'clock, the 2000 
men were relieved by above 2000 other 
troops. General Wilson received a ball 
through his thigh, and his Aide-du-Camp, 
Col. Light, was wounded. The attack was 
renewed on the 16'th; on which day the 
French are represented to have lust a great 
number of men, as tliev were at one time in 
possession of part of the town, from which 
they were repulsed. The Spanish gun- 
boats had outflanked the besiegers, and 
caused considerable loss to them in killed 
and wounded. It is said that two hundred 
carts with wounded French, had arrived at 
a small village in the neighbourhood of Co- 
runna. General Quiroga was at Conmua, 
and the troojM and volunteers were deter- 
mined to defend the town. 

On the 6'th of August, Count Molitor 
had concluded with Ballastcros a conven- 
tiun> in which the latter, as well as the 
troops which he commands, recognise the 
authority of the Regency. Gen. Ballasteros 
also issued orders to the Governors of Car- 
thagena, Alicant, Pampeluna, St. Sebas- 
tian, Peniscola, Los Pcnos dc St. Pedro^ 
IVIozen, and Venasque, all comprised within 
the circle of his jurisdiction, to recognise it 
equally. General Ballasteros, in his capi- 
tulation, stipulates for the preservation of 
his rank and titles. He made the same sti- 
pulation in favour of all the officers under 
him. 

A letter from Madrid states that it is cal- 
culated there, that there are no less than 
44,000 persons confined in Spain for politi- 
cal crimes, by order of the Regency. But 
the Duke d'Angouleme has issued a decree 
which will paralvze the arbitrary measures 
of this junta, tie declares that ** the Spa- 
nish authorities shall not imprison any per- 



sons without authority from tha Frttnch 
commanders of our troops. The CoxnnMiKl- 
ers-in-Chief of the Corps under our conk* 
mand shall demand the release of all per* 
eons who may have been impriioned io an 
arbitrary manner for political motivet, eape* 
cially soldiers, that they may return to their 
homes, excepting such as af^r libentioii 
shall give cause of complaint." 

Extract of a letter, dated Auff. 7 : — "A 
vessel arrived this morning, which sailed on 
the 2d inst. from St. Felicio, coast of Cata- 
lonia, the master of which asserts, that on 
the S7th ult. three divisions, commanded 
by Generals Milans, Lobera, and Mans, at- 
tacked the French near Manresa} that a 
very obstinate battle took place* which 
lasted two days, in which the French lost 
about dOOO prisoners, and a great number 
of killed and wounded, and that the Spa- 
niards set Are to Manresa. lliat mi the 
2.9th ult. Geuerals Mina, and Rotten, mUied 
out from Barcelona with all their forcea and 
attacked the French on the SOth, near Ma* 
taro, that the battle was not ended on the 
2d inst. when he sailed ; as he saw a gnafr 
Are along the coast and on the top of the 
mountains, so that the flnal result of tlua 
action is yet unknown." 

PRUSSIA. 

Berliriy Aug, 5. — ^The greatest saqsatknt 
has been excited this day, by the pubEct- 
tion of the following geneni law respeetiqg 
Provincial Assemblies : — 

«< We, Frederick William, &c. to gire to 
our faithful subjects a durable pledge of pa- 
ternal favour and confidence, have resohred 
to introduce Representative Anembilea bito 
the Monarchy, and to that end to establish 
Provincial Assemblies in the spirit of the 
ancient German Constitution, such as the 
peculiar situation of the country and the 
spirit of the times require. A Cummitteet 
of which the Crown Prince is Presidentt is 
appointed to prepare this measure, and to 
consult upon it with experienced men from 
each province." 

ITALY. 

A letter from Rome states* that the 
Church of St. Paul, extra fNiirof» has been 
consumed. This flne and antient building 
contained many of the pillars and other ftag- 
raents taken from the oelel^rated Tomb of 
Hadrian ; which are now agun covered with 
ruins. 

GREECE AND TURKEY, 

A mail has arrived from Turkey, bringing 
letters from Constantinople! dated on the 

10th> 



IfjjjjU FoTtig* NciMf—poiHUtic Oseurrmca. IJ^ 

kajoDd an olbM la ^^-'"'■Viig (ba Eii^^- 
.i'T-fp1iffr |ii|m tfiTiiii[hi»il ihiiiuii u 
I «Q, >i^>,Ar to ftniMM IdmUfi 

tmamg tt» gtofk. It hw ima. ■wqurf 
tbC otMpwera ud pariodkal aodu, W 
fiwal M Iran H fiu^gni vbunn Maj W 
A«i «<wl>*ii *li*n piT DO poMu {■ (ha 
F<itt-OffiM>; mai uuomI pu^blm ra4 
otlMr printod pwan iImII a^oj the una 
eUDDtiooi inoTidad thtj- do not •xond 
fiioc ouncea m migJkL 

AcconoU itatetbiCtlie Colivnhiua.-'tm 
■ Gambiiwd lud tad lU moywauu, aidaa 
bj atnCBgem, hni tdtso Mmqaibo, .u 
long tbe atiDD^boId of the tletta Rmikt 
Gentni Monlei) wbo ntfvUad, ud aia 
■uLtacpeDtl; eiuwuntetnl uul Uhn >« 

■-—- ^^— It of CoIoBiUa hWB goDa 



OCCDHRENCES. 

lar etremanj prcvMleda uadw iha now. (|i- 

f tt' (IgnMkia, tn which ihs Tjah-learintt mai*. 

bait mtda in tbe forai of katia, Wjtii ■ fiwci- 

diDj^i fill roBftttfl for the he«d i and on loolung fX 

«Ita thoK ia Amblesidt, tome faint reHmblwio* 

nuit, of the femalt form may. b« . tlwad id tba 

com- ducUaB. At Isut, thtj neu^ all pooau^ 

rcuit, the EoiriDg oiuliaa of a pstticou. No w 

[Btei, ^fketoiy explajiUion •! thia cersmoaj bi^ 

BCMi ev«r jet been given : the attempt u ««• n, 

Tha *V*» U t^ tl.. *.».>. .>4. »f — ^„.: . ... 



Petty 

)i*Ttica1u diatrict ue to msembls and hear 
iboBC camplaiuU which bad beeo fbunertj 
UroDg^ hUate a aiugle MaeUCraCe.— Al the 
AoUii (if Antrim, lome Orujgemen were 
fbobd goiter of an act of violence on two 
todiiidnali, and sentenced to ■ year's im- 



i tha remnoi 

which form^il)' prevailed, of strewing tha 
churcli £iK>rs wlih ru«Le£ to preserve tlia 
feet from Hampi but we cannot concaiva 
what resemlilance there is between the pnc- 
tice of strewing the church »iih luahea, and 
carried, iu>d 



, INTELUGENCE FROM VARIOUS 
. PARTS OP THE COUNTRY. 

* On the SBlh and a7th of July, the an- 
uatbmof Rosh-bearmgs tooli placet' 



n VVesI 



ireleo. 



Abou 



which i 
morial. Wei 



led f,on 



) ihar 






jfm/rfcnde i 

•'clock on the Saturday ^ . 

girla, to the nnmber of about fortj, formed 
the proceaBion to the Giuteli, preceded by 
■ buid of muiic. Each uf the girls boce in 
her hands the ojubI nuft-ieoriTigs, tbe ori- 
gin and lignifieition of which has so long 
puizled tha reiearcbeB of all out Antiqua- 
ries. These elegant little trophies were dis- 
poaed in llie cliuroh round the pulpit, read- 
inf^-desk, peiva, &■?■ and had a really beauti- 
ful and imposiae effect. They thus remain- 
ed dortog tbe Sonday till tbe sertice waa 
£nisbed in tbe afternoon, nhen a limilai 
proccMiOD wia formed to coniey theae tro- 
phies home again. We understand that 
fomcrlj in some parts of Ltncuhire a aimi- 



aUould rather mcline 
its origin to the days of headienis; 
representative of Bome offeting I 
gods. WhaCever ma.y have been its or^in, 
we are happy tu see that tbe datkeniug and 
desolating spirit uf puiitanism has not yet 
destroyed this little innocent festivity, along 
with monis dances, wauail bowls, and May- 
pnlca : and we truat that the eenllemen of 
Windennere otid Grjumere wJI long pre- 
ecrve Cliis last retick of tba days that are 
gone. 

July 31. Rev. Mr. Hopkins, lata Cu- 
rate of Byferd, w^ to have married Mra. 
Snuth, a widow, at Herefi^d Cathedral. 
Tlie service commenced, and waa proceeded 
in till the bridegruom took the ring out of 
his pocket to place it on the linger of hia 
bride, when, just at tlie moment she ei- 
tended her hand to receive the token of 
tlieir union, ha suddenly fell back, and after 
a fit of convulsions, which taitcd but a mo- 
ment, lie lay on the ground a corpse 1 Hi> 
property by this event goes to hia pooi le- 



latiooi< 



-*"g.3 



174 Domestic Occurrences. [Aug.' 

j4ug. 3. An atrocious attempt to assaati- LONDON AND ITS VICINITy. 
nate S. Horrocks, esq. (M. P. for Preston In the Report of the Parliamentary G>iii- 
in Lancashire], was made on his return mittee on the Public Roads» the aUentton 
from church, by a wretch, named Riding, of the House is directed to that part of tbe 
who attacked him with a cleaver. The blow evidence of Mr. M'Adam, in which he states 
was given with such force, as to cut through the practicability of converting the pavement 
Mr. Horrock's hat» and make a deep incision of the streets of London into smooth aad 
into the skull. The blow was repeated, substantial roads. The Committee add, Umt 
but this Mr. H. received on his arm. The the experiment is about to be tried in St. 
villain made a third and fourth attempt to James s - square, and over Wettminiter* 
cut at the head, both of which were received bridge and its boundarv. This improve- 
on Mr. H.'s left arm and hand. After some raent, as appears from the evidence of Mr. 
struggling he was secured. Riding is a M'Adam, senior, and of Mr. William M'A- 
spinner, a smgle man about 94 years of age ; dam, has already been tried, and succeeded 
and the reason he alleges for his horrible at- at firbtol and Exeter, and is in progress of 
tempt is, that Horrocks and Co. in a turn- execution upon the paved ways in the coimtj 
out, about two years ago, were the first to of Lancaster. 

lower the wages. He has since been tried, Mr. Owen, a man of the most benevolent 

found to be insane, and committed to the intentions, has called two meetings in the 

lunatic asylum. Metropolis in the course of the month for die 

The Swearing Act. — ^That part of 1 9th relief of Ireland. He addressed the meeting 

George II. c. 21, requiring Clergymen to in a long speech, and concluded with e set 

publicly read ''the Proclamation against of Resolutions, in which he called upon the 

Profane Swearing" once in each quarter. Citizens of London to resolve by a majorityy 

under the liability to a penalty, was repealed that the world was labouring under a eyitein 

in May last. of error, and had been so labouring iat 

Beauties of Wilts. — Notwithstanding these last three hundred years ; that them 

the very un&vourable state of the weather for was no merit in one system of fiuth more 

some weeks past, the number of visitors to than in another ; and, that man wes* &i 

FonihiU Abbey has been greatly increasing, every respect, a creature of neceteity and 

and bids fair to rival the multitudes of last circumstances. — In a word, he put to tiie 

year. As the season is arrived when the gay vote the whole tnun of that metaphjiinl 

world begins to be in motion, it may not jargon, which, before the passing of the 

be amiss to point out to the Tourist the Six Acts, we were accustomed to see '~ 



various interesting objects in the coimty of ed to the walls in the placards of the Weat- 

Wilts, which may fairly claim his attention, minster Forum, and other Debating Socie- 

and which will amply repay him for the time ties. The result was a complete fiulure. 

he may bestow on them. The admirers of A meeting for the relief of Olive, JOt^ 

architectiire will delight in the splendid re- disant Princess of Cumberland, latelytOQll 

mains of Malmsbury Abbey, and in the sim- place at the Freemason's Tavern. xhefiQ 

pie magnificence of the Cathedral at Sails- were about fifty persons present. Sir Gemil 

bury, which, as a perfect and unmixed ex- Noel took the Chair, and Dr. Tucker (of 

ample of the early Bndish or pointed style, Ashburton) entered at length into the lady a 



stands unrivalled. — Longford Castle (the claims. The result of the meeting 

seat of the £arl of Radnor), with its ines- that SO pounds were subscribed by Sir G. 

timable Claudes — Wilton, and its superb Noel, 5/. each by Mr. Hunt, and Brir. 

cloister, erected by the Earl of Pembroke, Parkins the Ex-Sheriff, and one sovereign 



to contain his rare and extensive collection was sent up to the chairman firom the 

of busts, statues, &c. — the fine mansion, lug, whicn then separated, 

chapel, and ruins of Wardour Castle, the ^ 

property of Lord Arundel— the Marquis of THEATRICAL REGISTER. 

J^nsdowne's picturesque seat at Bowood — English Opera Hodss. 

Longleat, the princely residence of the Mar- July 26. A melo-drama, entitled JVie* 

quis of Bath---Sir Rich. Colt Hoare's man- sumption; or^ The Fate qf F^mtkenttnm: 

sion In the romantic grounds of Stourhead founded on the romance of that namey hj 

— and Corsham, the seat of Paul Methuen, Mrs. Shelley. The acting was ezcellenty 

esq. will all furnish forth an ample feast for though the piece was replete with too menj 

the lover of taste, and the amateur of punt- horrors. However, it was well received. 

ings. The geological treasures of the coun- ^— 

ty are not uninteresting; and the Antiquary Surrey Theatre. 

will be gratified by an inspcctiou of the mys- Aug. 1 1 . This Theatre, after having been 

terious Stonehenge, and will find abundant closed for some time, opened this night* 

materials fur reflection in the antiquities of with A?itigone, a Grecian piece, which wma 

its surrounding plains. In short, there are got up with considerable splendour. The 

few counties which can boast of su(>erior house has been completely metamorphoaedt 

attractions either to the roan of science or and numerous ornamental decorations intro* 

of pleasure. duced. It was crowded to excess. 

ARO- 



.3 



[ i7r> ] 



PROMOTIONS AND PREFERMENTS. 



Oasbttb Promotions, &e. 

r-^pcCf July 35. — Unattached : Bre- 
ieut.-col. G. O'Malley, to be Lieut.- 
rinfiuitry. 

•C9 qf Ordnance, July 25. — ^Royal Reg. 
iDerv : Maj. J. T. Caddy, to be Lieut.- 
ee Leake, retired : Capt. and Brevet 
F. Smith, to be Major, vice Caddy, 
y 26.— Maj. -gen. T. Brown, of the 
ndia Company's Army, to be Knight 
lander of the Bath ; and Lieut-coIo- 
. Dewar, D. Leightou, C. Deacon, T. 
lis, W. G. Maxwell, T. Pullock, M. 
idy, D. Newall, G. M. Popham, R. 
jr, R. Clarke, L. R. O'Brien, A. An- 
I, C. M<Leod, and M^'ors E. Gerr- 
as, F. F. Staunton, £. J. Ridge, and 
dy of the said Army, to be Compa- 
of the said Order. 

r-office, Aug, 1 . — ^Royal Reg. of Horse 
8» Brevet JUeut.-coI. Clement Hill, to 
«t.-col. ; Capt. W. Richardson, to be 
and Lieut.-col. : 5th. Reg. Dragoon 
8, Capt. Chas. Walker, to be Major : 
Foot, Lieut.-gen. Sir Henry-Tucker 
•esor, K.C.B. to be Col. : 72d Ditto, 
Mark H. Druromond, to be Major, 
rehase: 84th Ditto, Lieut.-gen. Sir 
ir-Grafton Maclean, hart, to be Col. : 
Ditto, Capt. Hen. Fairfax, to be Ma- 
Unattached, Brevet Lieut.-col. Geo. 
and Brevet Lt.-col. John Rolt, to be 
-cols, of Infiiutry, by purchase. Ckap- 
lev. Thos. Ireland, rrom half-pay, to 
iplain to the Forces. 
ee of Ordnance, Aug, 2. — ^Royal Reg. 
iflery, Maj. Hen. Maturin Farington, 
lieut.-coI. : Capt. and Brevet Major 
^gan, to be Major, vice Farrington. 
'-office, Aug, 15. — 2d Reg. of Foot, 
•eol. J. Rolt, to be Lieut.-col. ; Capt. J. 
nS) to be Major : Maj. Payler, to-be 
•col. of Infantry, vice Griffith, retired. 
Lieut.-coIs. in the Army ; MMors R. 
il> R. M. Oakes, and Henry Earl of 
Ige. 

; 16. — ^Edw. Roberts, esq. to be Clerk 
Pells to his Majesty's Receipt of the 
joer, vice Addington, dec. — ^Thomas 
on Bucknall (heretofore Thos. Grim- 
Istcourt), of Estcourt, Gloucester- 
ssq. M.P. for Devizes, to resume his 
surname of Estcourt, in addition to 
«r that of Bucknall. 



SCCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. 

B. Glover, M.A. Archdeaconry of 

Irary. 

\ R. Bromfield, Gaia Major Prebend, 

ifield. 



RcT. Edward Edwards, Leighton BromswoM 
Prebendy Lincoln. 

Rev. T. Adin, Charlotte Town R. in the 
capitel of Prince Edward's Island : also 
appointed Chaplain to his Majesty's forces 
at that station, and a Missionary to the 
Island. 

Rev. Jas. Baines, Warton V. Lancashire. 

Rev. Wm. Barnes, Richmond R. York. 

Rev.M. Bamett, Ludford Parva K Lidcohi. 

Rev. F. Barrow, St. Man; V. Sandwich. 

Rev. Francis Bedford, South Ormsby R. 
with Ketsby, Calceby, and Driby an- 
nexed, CO. Lincoln. 

Rer. P. Belcher, Heather R. Leicestershire. 

Hon. and Rev. W. Eden, one of the six 
Preachers in Canterbury Cathedral. 

Rev. George-Hutton Greenhill, Moulton 
R. Suffolk. 

Rev. Warwick-Oben Gumey, Ashton Bot- 
trel R. Salop. 

Rev. H. Humphreys, Prince Harwell V. 

♦* Berks. 

Rev. W. Milton Hurlock, Hellington R. 
Norfolk. * 

Rev. Peter Johnson, B.D. Wittenham Earls 
V. Berks. 

Rev. Wyndham Knatchbull, B.D. Alding- 
ton cum Smeeth R. Kent. 

Rev. John Law, B.D. Broadworthy V. De- 
von. 

Rev. W. Molineaux, Sheriff Hales V. Salop. 

Rev. Frederick Parry, Threapwood Perpetual 
Curacy, co. Flint. 

Rev. Hen. Rycroft, Mumby V. co. Lincoln. 

Rev. S. Farmer Sadler, Sutton-under-Brailes 
R. CO. Glouc. 

Rev. John Symonds, Walcot R. Wilts. 

Rev. T. Vaughan, Billincsley R. Salop. 

Rev. C. W. St. John Mildmay, Holywell 
Perp. Cur. Oxford. 

Rev. John-Page Wood, LL.B. Chaplain to 
Duke of Sussex. 

Rev. Frederick Twisleton, S.C.L. Chaplain 
to Bp. Hereford. 

Rev. Tnoroas Bissland, Chaplain to Lioid 
Bexley. 

Civil Preferments. 

Marquis of Bute elected Recorder of Ban- 
bury, vice Lord Glenbervie, deceased. 

W. Stephen Poyntz, esq. elected High Stew- 
ard of Borough of Huntingdon. 

The Rev. R. Bathurst, M. A. to be Official 

of the Archdeaconry of Suffolk. 



Member Returned to Parliament. 

Newcastle-under-Litie, J, E, Denison, esq. 
vice Kinnersley, dec. 

BIRTHS. 



C 176 ] 



[Aiiff- 



BIRTHS. 



Lately. At Deal, the wife of Capt. M*Cul- 
lock, R.N. a son. — At Fulham, Mrs. G. 
Raikes, a son. — AtExmouth, the wife of 
the Rev. Prebendary Dennis, a son. — In 
Edinburgh, the lady of Lieut.-gen. Sir J. 
Hope, a dau. — ^In Great Queen-street, the 
wife of Rev. R. H. Barham, a dau. — At 
Blackheath, the wife of Capt. Sam. Beadle, 
a son. — At Bath, the wife of Rev. W. H. 
Ward, a dau. — At Limerick, the wife of Ma- 
jor Reid, a son. — At Morley Rectory, the 
wife of Rev.Edw. Luard, a dau. — At Maize- 
hill, Greenwicli, the wife of H. Francis, esq. 
a daughter. 

n/ime 28. The lady of Sir Joseph Rad* 
cliffe, bart. of Campsall, near Doncaster, a 
daughter. 

t/uly 4. The wife of Wm. Wynne Spar- 
row, esq. of Red Hill, Beaumaris, a son and 
heir. — 5. At Thurso, Mrs. Lieut. Wm. Gunn, 
H.P. 72d Reg. late of Archnabow, Suther- 
landshire, a son. — 6, At Hackney, the wife 
of Thos. Pares, jun. esq. M.P. a dau. — 8. 
At Geneva, the lady of Major-gen. Sir Wm. 
Inglis, K. C. B. a son. — At Wistow Hall, 
CO. Leicester (the mansion of her father. 
Sir Henry Halford, bart.) the wife of Fre- 
derick Coventry, esq. a dau. — 13. At Brewer 
Hall, i)ear Edinburgh, Mrs. Major Bugle, a 
dau. — 1 5. TThe wife of Lieut.-col. Burgoyne, 
Royal Engineers, a dau. — lb'. At Woodbo- 



rough, the wife of Rev. T. H. Gale, ft.ton. 
^20. In Somerset-street, Portman-tqi^re, 
the lady of the Baron Charles de Thierry^ s 
son. — 22. At Brussells, the Coonteu of Or- 
roond and Ossory, a dau. — 23. Mra. Bern. 
Cole, of Frognal, Hampstead, a dau.r— fn 
Sloane-street, the wife of Valentine Morris, 
esq. a dau. — 24. At Hull, the wife of John 
Crosse, esq. a son. — 26. At Cross-tt. Isling- 
ton, Mrs. John Bentley, a iod. — 29. in 
Park-lane, the Marchioness of Loudondanyt 
a daughter. 

August 1 . The wife of the Rer. Samuel 
Sheen, of Hutton, Essex, a dau.i— 4. At 
Yoles Court, the Viscountess Torrington, 
of two sons. — 5. At Wimbome, the wife of 
Isaac Fryer, esq. a dau. — 6. At CamMiton 
House, Berks, the wife of Capt. W. B-Dash- 
wood, R.N. a son. — 8. At Chextsey^ the 
wife of Capt. Jas. Murray, R.N. a sonw — ^At 
the Rectory, Beaconsfieid, the wife of the 
Rev. John Gould, a dau.— In Langham-pL 
the wife of (the philantropic) Frederick 
Webb, esq. of a son and heir. — 19. At 
Sandwell, CO. Stafford, theCouuteMofDart- 
- mouth, a son. — At Godstone^ the wife of 
Rev. C. J. Hoare, a son.-~15. At Hmp- 
stead, the wife of Andrew Spottiswoode* 
esq. of Bedford-square, a dau.-^Iii Boston- 
square, the wife of Geo. Medley, cs^ o£ 
the East India House, a son. 



MARRIAGES. 



Lately. At Raheney, Hon. and Rev. Geo. 
Gore, Dean of Killala, to the widow of late 
T. Bunbury Isaac, esq. of Holy wood- house, 

CO. Down. ^Rev. J. J. W. Turner, of 

Little Hampton, to Miss Hawcs, of Chis- 
wick.— — Rev. T. Davies, Rector of Sher- 
rington, to Miss Pujgh, dau. of Rev. Dr. 
Pugh, late Rector of Newport, co. Pem- 
broke. Rev, E. Manncring, of Plumsted, 

to Mary, dau. of Mr. J. Hill, of Wliitecha- 

pel. Rev. A. S. Warner, of Watton, to 

Miss Mary-Anne Walpole, of St. Saviour's. 
R ev. T. Richards, Vicar of Icklesham, 

to Miss Corbette, of Winchelsea. At 

Giggleswick, Rev. W. Colcroft, of Bolton- 
je-Moors, to Alice, only dau. of Mr. R. 

Bagot, of Lancaster. Rev. W. P. Bag- 

shaw, of Foleshill, to Anne, dau. of late 

Rev. J. Sutton, Vicar of Weekley. At 

Newbury, Rev. Geo. Mantell, of Swindon, 

to Mrs. Gray. ^Rev. T. Harrison, of Ti- 

vetshall, to Frances, dau. of Mr. D. Cooper. 

At Harrold, Beds. Rev. J. Walker, to 

Miss £. Brown. By Special Licence, 

Thos. William, only s<m of late Hon. Thos. 
Coventry, of North Cray, to Anne, dau. of 

Hon. J. Coventry, of Spring Hill. John 

Horniblow, esq. of Shipston-on-Stour, to 



Miss Martha Sabin, niece of late T. Sabtn, 

esq. of Richmond, Surrey. J. 'PtmeOf 

esq. of Cheltenham, to Marjr^Aime, onlv 
dau. of late R. J. Millington, esq, of Gail- 
ford -street. ^At Dublin, F. Brnen^ esq. 

to Lady Cath. Nugent, dan. of JElsri of 

Westmeath. Capt. Jas. Ryder Burtouy 

R.N. son of late Bjp. of KiUala. to Hon. 
Mrs. Roche, dau. of late Lord Dimaany. 

^M. K. Knight, esq. of Bemert-stnety 

to Marianne, dau. of J. H. HoUey, aid. of 

Blicking. ^At Whippingham, CspK^John 

Montagu, 8 1 st reg. to Jessy, dau. or lieot.- 

col. Worsley, R.A. Bei^. WiIkimoB» 

esq. solicitor, of Horbling, to Aoney only 
dau. of H. Faulkner, esq. of Knnactoa. 

E. Nicholas Hurt, esq. son of CHortt 

esq. of Wirksworth, to Caroliney dan. of 

Jos. Strutt, esq. of Derby. ^At Bathy T. 

N. Quicke, esq. Capt. Drag. Gruardst to 
Sophia, dau. of J. Evered, esq. of HiU- 
house, Somerset. 

May 7. Rev, Wm. Hardine, of Sawley, 
CO. Derby, to Miss L, K. TnoinpsoB> of 

Ropley, Hants. John Barclay^ esq. 

of Karnes, Surrey, to Martha, dan.«f Johu 
Hawes, esq. of oprine^gardeBS.<^— ^t Ly- 
mington^ Rev. N. K. Sloper, of Camber- 
well- 



18^.] 



Marriages, 



4 4 



well-grove, fco Mary-Anne, dau. of late 

jTohn Whitechurch, esq. of Salisbiugr. 

8. Rich. Jennbgs, jun. esq. of Milfbrd, 
Hants, to Anna-busan Bowden, dau. of late 
Rev. Jas. John Talroan, A.M. Christo- 

fher, eldest son of late Ch. Cusack, of 
^urse Hall, Essex, to Frances, dau. of R. 
Pennison, of York-street. ^At Wands- 
worth, Rev. G. Whitlock, to Benedict Anas- 
tasia, dau. of John Pritchard, esq. aad niece 

to late Sir Willoughby Aston, bart. ^At 

Wotton-under-Edge, John Farewell, esq. 
Capt. Somerset Militia, to Honoria, dau. of 
Ute Jas. L. Harris, esq. of Cheltenham. 
R obt. Lugger, esq. of Catherine Hall, 
Cambridge, to Miss Harriott Dixon, of 

Mecklenburgh-square. ^At Clifton, Rev. 

R. Atherton Rawstone, Rector of Warring- 
ton, to eldest dau. of late R. Gwillym, esq. 

of Bewsey, co. Lancaster. 9. At Heme, 

Kent, Jas. Edmbton, esq. of Homerton, to 
Anna-Priscilla, dau. of Isaac Robson, esq. 

of Hackney. 10. At St. George, Sonth- 

wark, £. Bowyer, esq. of Ragland, to Miss 
Isabella Theakston, of Ripon, Yorksliire. 
' ' A t Stapleton, John P. Walter, esq. of 
Bristol, to Sarah, dau. of late John King, 
ceq. of the Fishponds-Villa, Gloucestershire. 

^Hen. Augustus Colby, esq. Capt. Royal 

Engineers, of Grove House, near Yeovil, to 
Fanny Margaret, dau. of £. Dyne, esq. of 
Bruton.— ^At Haverfordwest, John Phil- 
lips, esq. to Miss Amelia Anthony, niece to 

the late Sir W. Jones, bart. At Dublin, 

Wm. Hen. Oram, esq. of Royal Scots Greys, 
to Anne, dau. of John Ball, esq. of Shan- 
non, CO. Donegal. Capt. D. £. Johnson, 

of 6th Foot, to Sarah Ellis, dau. of Isaac 
Bates, esq. of Kennington. ^At Carmar- 
then, Sackville, son and heir of Sackville 
Gwynne, esq. of Glanbrane, to Mary, heir- 
eta of Chas. Morgan, esq. Mayor of Carmar- 

dien. 12. At Camberwell, Peter, son of 

Itte. Jos. Cator, of Beckenham, to Martha, 

dan. of late Gilbert Alder, of Laytonstone, 

•aq.— — At Belchester, Berwickshire, Hen. 

■ Foakett, esq. to Maria, dau. of late Rev. J. 

Young, of Legerwood. Sam. Bedford 

Edwards, esq. of Arsley House, Beds, to 
Sophia, dau. of J. Hubbard, esq. of Strat- 

liMrd Grove, Essex. Donald Mackinnan, 

ItfJ). to Jane, dau. of T. Price, esq. of the 

. Strand, and of Manavon, Montgomeryshire. 

18. Rev. W. Morgan, Vicar of Cayo 

and Llanfynydd, to Miss Cath. Thomas, of 

Carmarthen. 14. At Marylebone, Dan. 

JMacnamara, esq. surgeon, R.N. to Frances, 

dan. of Geo.FennelI, esq. Jas. Cunliffe, 

M)* of Blackbourn, banker, to Mary, dau. 
(l£ J. Ostle, esq. of ClifiPord House, North 

ghialdfl. ^ Rev. Edw. Booth, Vicar of 

Friskney, to Lucy-Burrough, dau. of late 

, lUv. S. Partridge, Vicar of Boston. 1 6. 

Ml* Rofay, of Alvezcote Priory, Warwick- 
- ahin^.to Mary, 3d dau. of T. W. Jee, esq. 
#fJ^«ekbton. 

• GiHT. Mao. y^i<^5/, 183S. 

11 



Junt ?• At Forglen House, Jos. Murray, 
e«q. jun. of Aytun, to Grace, dau. of Sir 

G. Abercromby, bart. 9. In the Isle of 

Man, Richard, only son of Joseph Mellin, 
esq. Wakefield, to Jane, dau. of Hon. Rich. 
Mullins, and grand-dau. of Lord Ventry, of 

Bunham House, co. Kerry. 10. By. the 

Very Rev. Dean of Norwich, his only son, 
Wm. Hamilton Tiumer, esq. to Emily, 3d 
dau. of late Charles Biachely, esq. of Bury. 
— Sam.Frampton Stallard, esq. of Burton- 
crescent, to Eliza-Catherine, dau. of R. Ni- 
chblls,esq. ofToft, Lincolnshire. — ^At Clap- 
ham, Jas. Thomas, esq. of E. I. C/s Madras 
civil service, to Maria, dau. of W. F. Wood- 
gate, esq. Horatio Bolingbroke, esq. of 

Norwich, to Hannah-Shaw, dau. of Richard 
Peyton, of Birmingham. 1 1 . At Maid- 
stone, Courtney Stracey, esq. of Hill-green, 
to Charlotte, dau. of W. G. D. Tyssen, esq. 

of Fitzroy-square. 12. G. Pout, esq. of 

Market-street, to Eliza, dau. of late Kev., 

G. Smith, Minister of Market-street. 

Rev. R. E. Hankinson, of Walpole St. Pe- 
ter's, to Susanna-Mary-Anne : also the Rev. 
Martin Boswell, of Snuthgate, to Dorothea, 
daus. of Rev. Dr.Chatfield, Vicar of Chatteris. 

14. Andrew- Wm. Corbet, esq. of San- 

dorne Castle, to Mary-Emma, dau. of late 
John Hiil, esq. of Hawkstone Park, grand- 
dau. to Sir J. Hill, bt. and niece to Lord Hill. 

J. R. Raines, esq. 46th Reg. to Julia, 

dau. of late E. Jardine, banker, Sevenoaks. 
—At Marylebone, John, son of Alex. 
M*Neile, esq. of Ballycastle, Ireland, to 
Charlotte-Lavinia, dau. of Sir T. DaJlas, 

K.C.B. 16. At St. Pancras, Jesse, son 

of Jesse Ainsworth, esq. of Wicken Hall, 
Lancashire, to Hannah, dau. of late R. Lees, 

esq. of Oldham. 17. At Edinburgh, 

Josiah Nisbet, esq. of Madras Civil Service, 
to Rachel, dau. of Sir J. Maijoribanks, bart. 

M. P. At Bitton, Thos. son of late Rev. 

Hugh-Williams Austin, of Barbadoes, to 
Charlotte, dau. of late S. Whitchurch, esq. 

of Bristol. 18. At Golden, Tipperary, 

Charles Collins, esq. B. A. eldest son of the 
late C. Collins, esq. of Ashbourne Grove, to 
Anna-Matilda, dau. of R. Creague, esq. of 
Castle Park, Golden, and cousin to Earl of 

Rosse. 19. At Streatham, Geo. Chilton, 

of Inner Temple, esq. Barrister-at-Law, to 
Miss Poore, grand-dau. of G. Wolff, esq. of 
Balham-hill, and sister of Sir E. Poore, bart. 

^Rev. James Thomas, of Haverfordwest, 

to Maria, dau. of late B. Gillam, esq. banker, 

of Bristol. 21. At Ashbourne, the Rev, 

H. C. Boutflower, Head Master of Bury 
school, Lancashire,, to Harriet, dau. of late 

H.J.Boutflower,esq. 24.AtSt.Jaa)es's, 

Charles, son of Sir H. Osenden, bart. of 
Broome Park, Kent, to Elizabeth-Catharine, 
dau. of Rev. Dr. Holcombe, Prebendary of 

Westminster.; 80. Hen. Thompson, esq. 

B.A. to Anne-Harrison, dau. of Itev. James 
Bell, Vicar of Lympne, Kent. 

OBI- 



[ 178 ] 



[Auff. 



OBITUARY. 



Marquis Cornwallis. 

JugAS, At bis residence in Old Bur- 
liogtun-street, the Most Noble Charles 
Coniwallis, Marquis and Earl CornwaU 
lis, Viscount Broome, Baron Cornwallis 
of £)'e, in tbe county of Suffolk, and a 
Baronet. 

This big^ly-re«pected nobleman was 
tbe only son of Claries, tbe firsit Mar- 
quis, and tbe illuKtrious Governor Ge- 
neral of India, (who died at Ghauzcpoor, 
in the Province of Benares, on the 5th 
of October, 1805, worn out with an ac- 
tive life^ spent in the service of hi? 
country, and covered with honours and 
glory } by Jemima, the daughter of 
James Jones, esq. 

His Lordship was born on the 19th of 
October, 1774; and in 1796, wa-? elect- 
ed one of the Knights of tbe Shire for 
tbe county of Suffolk, which honourable 
station he retained till the decease of 
bis father in 1805. On tbe 17th of 
April, 1797} he married Lady Louisa 
Gordon, the first daughter of Alexander, 
Duke of Gordon, by Jane, the daugh- 
ter of Sir William Maxwell, bart. and 
by whom be has had issue five daugh- 
ters, viz. Lady Jane, born Oct. 5, 1798, 
and who married May 13, 1819, tbe 
Hun. Richard Neville, tbe son and heir 
of Lord Bray brook ; Lady Louisa, born 
Feb. 34, 1801 ; Lady Jemima, born April 
89, 1803; Lady Mary, born Nov. 17, 
1804; and Lady Elizabeth, born Ja- 
nuary, 1807. On the 25th of May, 1803, 
be was appointed to the command of 
the Eastern Battalion of Suffolk Mditia; 
and in 1805, Master of bis Majesty's 
Buck Hounds. 

From tbe great and deserved estima- 
tion in which bis Lordship was univer-- 
sally held, bis loss will be severely felt 
by bis family and friends ; and more 
particularly in tbe neighbourhood of bis 
estates, upon which be generally resided. 
His amiable character' and unassuming 
disposition ; tbe mildness and urbanity 
of bis manners ; and the kindness and 
benevolence of his heart, rendered him 
throughout life as beloved as he was re- 
spected. Tbe state of bis health had 
been such, as to induce his medical at- 
tendants to recommend a visit to the 
Continent, which he was about to un- 
dertake, when his disease terminated 
fatally. On no other occasion would he 
have deserted bis country ; and never 
would he have made the cheapness of 
the Continent a plea for increasing the 
•mbftrrassroents of his countrymen. 

His Lordship dying without heirs male. 



tbe Marquisate becomes extinct f butW 
is succeeded in the Earldom by bis uncle, 
the Hon. and Right Rev. James Com^ 
wallis, the venerable Bishop of Lichfield 
and Coventry. 

This exemplary Prelate is tbe third 
son of Charles, the fifth Lord and first 
Earl Cornwallis, by Elizabeth, the eld* 
est daughter of Charles, the second Vis- 
count Towiishend. He was bom on the 
25th of Feb. 1742, and received the early 
part of bis education at Eton, from 
whence be was removed to Merton Col- 
lege, Oxford, of which Society he be- 
came a Fellow, He was a)>polnted 
Chaplain to Marquis Townshend whea 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; and was 
presented by bis uncle Frederic, Archbi- 
shop of Canterbury, to the valuable Rec- 
tories of VVrotbam, in Kent, and of New? 
ington, in Oxfordshire. From a Prebend 
of Westminster be was preferred to the 
Deanery of Canterbury, in which he was 
installed April 29, 1775. In 1781, he 
was consecrated Bishop of Lichfield and 
Coventry ; and in 1791, on the tnuit- 
lation of Bishop Douglas to tbe Sea of 
Salisbury, be succeeded him as Dean- of 
Windsor ; which, in 1794, he escbanirtd 
for that of Durham. He married April 
the 30th, 177 1, Miss Catharine MaDn.tlie 
fourth daughter of Galfridus Mann, e9% 
M.P. for the Borough of Maidstone, by 
Sarah, tbe daughter of John Grefroryi 
esq. and by her (who died Sept. 17,1811) 
has issue Elizabeth, bom in 1774, And 
died in 1813; Charles ; Susan ; who died 
infants; and James, born Sept. 90. 1770* 
who represented the Borough of Eye In 
tbe Parliaments of 1796 and 1809, and 
who married Dec. 12, 1804, tbe only, 
daughter of Francis Dickens, of Wollas- 
ton Hall, Northamptonshire, esq. and 
formerly a Knight of tbe Shire for that 
county. 
Ifswieh, Jug. 16, 1829. J. P.' 



George Nassau, Esq. 

jiug. 18. At his residence in Cbarlee* 
street, Berkeley-square, and in the 9T\k 
year of his age, George Nassau, eeq. ' 

The noble and illustrious bouse of 
Nassau has produced heroea allied tm 
the greatest Princes of Europe, and re* 
nowned both in the cabinet and Ite 
field. •• •• •• 

Henry-Frederick de N«sta«;''Prltfee 
of Orange, and grandfather tt WilNanf 
the Third, of glorious memory,- 9bsdi<« 
holder of the United Prorincety mod 

Kinf 



HAS.] 



Obituary.— George Nassau, Esq, 



179 



King of Great Britain, bad a natural 
soil Frederick de Nassau, whom he en- 
dowed with the Lordship or Zulestein, 
in the Province of Utrecht, and who 
thereupon assumed that name. By his 
yvife Mary, the daughter of Sir William 
Killigrew, of the County of Cornwall^ 
bart. and Chamberlain to Queen Ca- 
therine, the consort of King Charles 
the Second, he had issue a son and 
heir, William-Henry de Zulestein, a per- 
son hig^h in favour with Kin^ William 
the Third, and whom, in consideration 
of his faithful services and eminent abi> 
iities, as well as of his near alliance to 
him in blood, that Monarch was pleased 
to create, by Letters Patent, bearing 
date the 1 0th of May, 1695, Baron of 
Enfield, in the County of Middlesex, 
Viscount Tunbridge in Kent, and Earl 
of Rochford, in the County of Essex. 
His Lordship purchased of Sir Henry 
Wingfield, bart. (a branch of a very an- 
tient and widely-extended family in 
Suffolk) the Manor of Easton in that 
County, with the remainder of his es- 
tates in the neighbourhood ; and made 
that place his occasional residence. 

From this illustrious personage is li- 
neally descended the late George Nas- 
sau, esq. 

His father, the Hon. Richard-Savage 
Nassau, was the second son of Frede- 
rick* the third Earl of Rochford, by 
3essey, the eldest daughter of Richard 
Ravage, the fourth/ Earl Rivers, and was 
born on the 1st of June, 1723; and on 
ibe 24th of Dec. 1751, married Eliza- 
Jl>eth, the sole daughter and heir of Ed- 
ward Spencer, of Rendlesharo, in the 
County of Suifolk, esq. and the widow 
of James, the third Duke of Hamilton 
in Scotland, and the second Duke of 
JSrandon in England. By this Lady he 
ImuI issue Lucy, who was born on the 
•3d of Nov. 1752, and who died unmar- 
ried ; William-Henry, born June the 
^6tb, 1754, and who, on the decease of 
iiU uncle, William-Henry, the fourth 
£arl of Rochford, succeeded him in his 
honours ; and George, the subject of 
'the present notice. Mr. Nassau pur- 
€!faa8ed Easton of the Earl, his elder 
Jbrother, and made it for several years 
Jbis constant residence. He was like- 
3»ise one of the Clerks of the Board of 
^reen Cloth, and a Representative in 
•iPArliament for the Borough of Maiden ; 
4Uiid departed this life in May, 1780, the 
iymmr previous to the demise of his bro- 
•%hmr. Her Grace died on the 9th of 
-^bfareh, 1771. 

;r • Mr. Nassau was born on the 5th of 
U 1756, and inherited from the will 
Sir John Fitch-Barker, (who died Jan. 



3, 1766) of Griintton Hall, in the Parish 
of Trimley St. Martin, in Suffolk, hart, 
(a family now extinct in the County) 
considerable possessions ; and for some 
time resided in that Parish. In 1805 
he served the office of High Sheriff of 
the County. Of late years, however, 
Mr. Nassau has constantly resided in 
town, with the exceptions of his annual 
visits to his friends at Wolverston. On 
the 1 2th he was seized with a paralytic 
affection, under the effects of which he 
lingered until the 18th following, when 
he expired, to the inexpressible grief of 
his friends and acquaintance. 

Mr. Nassau was an universal favou- 
rite, inasmuch as he possessed those 
qualities, of which mankind are seldom 
jealous, and which they are ever ready 
to recommend. But his genuine per- 
sonal character could only be justly ap- 
preciated by those who witnessed him 
in his domestic circle. Here he was 
eminently distinguished for those vir* 
tues which form the chief ornament of 
private life. With a suavity and urba- 
nity of manners peculiarly attractive, 
he united an ardour and activity of be- 
nevolence to a temper liberal, disinte- 
rested, and humane. Adorned with the 
graces of external accomplishments, ac- 
quired at a period when independenca 
and politeness, not servility and adula- 
tion, were the characteristics of a gen- 
tleman, his easy condescension endeared 
him not only to the circle in which he 
moved, but also to those with whom the 
forms and fashion of the world rendere<i 
it necessary that he should associate. 
He possessed in perfection the 

" Morum dulce melos, et agendi semita 
simplex." 

Tiiough he lived much with the great, 
his manners were not proud or arro- 
gant ; they were the pure and simjde 
courtesies of life i the courtesies which 
proceed from Christian benevolence, and 
a lively apprehension of the feelings of 
others. His piety to his Maker was zea- 
lous ; his faith in his Redeemer un- 
shaken ; his affection to his friends con- 
sistent ; and his charity to those around 
him judicious and unostentatious. Ber 
loved, respected, and admired by all who 
knew him, he will live, as long as ever 
man lived, in the memory and affection 
of his friends. 

While, therefore, they deeply lanient 
the too sttdden termination of such exr 
alted virtues, they will console them- 
selves with the reflection (to use the 
words of an eminent writer in the de- 
lineation of his own character) that 
<* if he relieved the wants and distresses 



ISO Obitvary.— deorg'e Nassau, Esqr-^The MM Macqvin, [Aupl 

of the nnhappy without ostentation ; 
did justice without interest; maintain- 
ed bis own independence without pride 
or insolence ; moderated his attachment 
to external objects, and placed his af- 
fections on those above, trusting to have 
so passed through things temporal as fi- 
nally to lose not the things that are 
tternal, he will be found by them to 
have — lived enough !" 

Attached, at an early period of life, 
to the Arts and Literature of his Coun- 
try, as well as to the investigation of its 
AiHiquities, Mr. Nassau long held a dis- 
tinguished rank among the collectors of 
rare and curious works. Possessed of 
an ample fortune, by which he was en- 
abled to gratify his wishes and propen- 
sity, and which he did without regard 
to expence, he spared no pains in the 
formation and extension of his Library. 
In this honourable and praise-worthy 
pursuit, his taste in selecting, was no 
less conspicuous than his zeal in ac- 
quit ing, whatever was scarce and valu- 
able in the various branches of Lite- 
rature, from the earliest period to the 
present time. His favourite classes, 
however, were early English Poetry, the 
Drama, Topography, and History. In 
(he two latter departments, his collec- 
tion comprises the best and most valu- 
able works, many of which are on large 
paper, and illustrated with a profusion 
of drawings, prints, and portraits; and 
is further enriched by an extensive se- 
ries of the rarest Historical Tracts. His 
tomes of Old English Poetry and Dra- 
matic Works are numerous; his Books 
of Emblems unique ; and in the Mis- 
cellaneous productions of the English 
Press, during the reigns of Queen Eli- 
zabeth and King James the First, most 
extensive. Surrounded by his favourite 
books, and in the true enjoyment of the 
*' otium literarium cum dignitate," to 
him, as Prospero says. 



tratlon of this braneb of panuity' 
equally ample. The many tmall 
cles of un frequent occurrence, of Pra^ 
pbecies, of Wonderful Relations^ and 
of Witchcrafts, which enrich this de- 
partment, are well worthy of attention^ 
and fully evince with what a keenness 
and an ardour he sought for 

''The small, rare Volume, black with 
tarnish'd gold." 

Indeed, a more choice or valuable trea« 
sure of Suffolk Topography, and of 
works in illustration of it, has been 
seldom or ever collected. 

His MS. Collection, which is. exten- 
sive, is enriched with fine copies of 
" Ryece*s Collections of the Antkiuities 
of Suffolk," once in the possession of 
Arthur Collins, esq. the author of the 
** Peerage of England ;" and afterwards 
of Nicholas Revett, esq.; andof "Hawes* 
History or Memoirs of Framlingbam, 
and Loes Hundred in Suffolk ;" both il- 
lustrated with the arms of the families 
of the county, beautifully emblaioned. 

In the '* Repertorium Bibliograpbi- 
cum," are enumerated several cfaoic€ 
articles in Mr. Nassau's Library. 

Ipswich, Aug, 20, 1823. J. P. 



« 



his Library 



Was Dukedom large enough ;'* — 

and even to the close of his life, few 
days passed which did not witness some 
choice and valuable addition to his rich 
and curious treasures. 

To the elucidation of the Antiquities 
of Suffolk, his attention was early di- 
rected ; and his Collections in this, his 
favourite department, are most ample 
and profusely enriched with accurate 
drawings of Churches, Monuments, 
Seats, Buildings, &c. His productions 
from the pencils of Rooker, Heame, 
and B%rnc; and of his native artists, 
Gainsborough, Frost, and Johnson, are 
numerous and highly valuable; and his 
engraved prints and povtrails, in illus- 



Thb Abbe Angb-Dbnis Macquin. 

The Abb4 Macquin, descended eff' 
Scotch Ancestry, was bom at Means en 
Brie, in the department of the Seine and - 
Marne, in France, in the year 1756, and 
was educated in the College of that elty^ 
where his extraordinary proficiency Itt 
classical learning obtained for bin, at wm 
early age, the rank of Professor of RImk 
toric and Belles-Let tres, which be bold' 
for several years, together with snFlrrlpi 
siastical Benefice in the neigbbouriModU - 

Previously to the eventful period'off 
the Revolution, the literary talents off 
this gentleman had rendered bim eoft<» 
spicuous in the province in whieh be tm^ 
sided i and an honest conviction ' of the 
banefbl effects of the principles wbidi 
were disseminated throughout France at 
that time, having induced him to empky 
his pen to expose their- denioralisinf 
character, in a journal published in his 
native city, be became an objeef of 
menace and violence, when all atteHi|tts» 
by the offer of the highest prefifrsMM 
in the Church, were found to be insnft- 
cient to persuade bim to join the revoltt* 
tionary fanaticks of the day. Firm is 
the principles in which be had been 
educated, and unshaken in the fcetitade 
of his conduct, he resigned his. Profciaoi^ 
ship, as soon as it appeared to him that 
a longer continuance in a pablie eov 
ploy men t would have been incompatlhle 
with those principlss, and Kted* for. 



iS^dv] Obituary.— 7^ Abb^ Ang§*Denk Matquin. 481 

som« time, upon tbc income of a small public under hit own name. He com* 

patrimonial estate; until, at length, a piled the Catalo|^e of the Library of 

direct attack upon bis life compelled the Medical Society, printed in the year 

him to retire from a scene of horror and 1804 ; was the author of a Treatise upon 

bloodshed, and to seek an asylum in Heraldry and Knighthood, as well as a 

another country. Survey of London, and other articles, in- 

In the month of September 1793 he serted in the Encyclopedia Londinensis | 
left Meaux, anil, after encountering in- also, of an ingenious Essay upon the 
numerable perils in traversing the coun- Pugilistic Games of the Ancients, ex- 
try towards the coast, arrived at St. Va- tracted from the Greek and Latin Au« 
lery, where he embarked, and, in a few thors, which appeared in the Sporting 
hours reached the shores of England: Magazine in 1817 and 1818; to which 
grateful to that Providence which had publication he also contributed a great' 
conducted him to a country where his number of articles upon the Fine Arts» 
life was in safety, and where, in com- as well as upon subjects uf Literature, 
mon with *his unfortunate countrymen. He was employed in editing an improved 
he was received with kindness and bu- re-print of Bellinger's Dictionary of 
roanity. He took up his abode at Hast- French and English Idioms, recently 
ings, and applied himself to the study of published by Sherwood and Co. ; and, 
the English language, to which he was having a great taste for lexicographical 
previously a perfect stranger, with so knowledge, he devoted much of his 
much success, that in the course of a time, towards the close of his life, in 
few months, he was enabled to address a illustrating the last edition of Johnson's 
composition, in English blank- verse, to Dictionary ; the result of which, under 
a gentleman of considerable literary ac- the title of *' Etymological Gleanings," 
qnirements, in a style of grammatical it was his intention to have offered to 
accuracy rarely equalled by a foreigner, the public. His Latin Poem, entitled, 
even after a long course of study. •* Tabella Cibaria, or the Bill of Fare," 

Altogetberdependentuponbisownper- illustrated by copious and highly enter* 

sonalexertions,inastrange land, without taining notes, published about three 

friends or pecuniary resources, the Abb^ years since, was composed by him soon 

had hitherto supported himself, and as- after bis arrival in this country, and 

sisted some of his suffering companions is a work displaying considerable in« 

in misfortune, by the sale, for very trifl- genuity and classical learning, 
ing sums, of bis sketches of some of the An amateur of the Fine Arts, be 

picturesque scenery in the neighbour- possessed a thorough knowledge of the 

hood of Hastings; when, in the early various schools of Painting; and his 

part of the year 1793, the present Norroy judgment of ancient pictures, which has 

King of Arms, to whom he had been ac- been frequently available to several 

eidentally introduced, soon after his eminent Collectors, has been rarely sur- 

arrival in England, suggested to him passed. He sketched with great spirit 

the employment of his pencil in heraldic and effect ; and his heraldic eoaployment 

desijgns. The offer was accepted ; his placed him in the way of exercising hii 

pencil, which, in the more auspicious taste upon several public occasions* 

stage of his life, had been a source of The Car, which bore the mortal remains 

amusement in the hours of relaxation of the heroic Nelson to St. Paul's Cathe* 

from study, was destined to secure to dral, was designed by him, and the well- 

bin an honourable independence ; and, applied motto *' Haste devicto reguievU," 

from that period, he became attached to on one of the compartments, was const* 

tlss College of Arms as an heraldic dered highly creditable to bis classical 

dmughtsman, and had the happiness, taste. He also prepared the design for 

faring a long series of years, to enjoy the new Throne in the House of Lords, 

tbe friendship of many of its members, approved by his Majesty, which was exe- 

aaong whom the late Sir Isaac Heard, cuted under his immediate direction. 
Garter, entertained for him the highest After the conclusion of the war in 

Nii^rd. 1814, he visited France for a short time; 

The Abb^ Macquin's habits of life but, having during tbe revolution been 

were very retired, constantly dedicating deprived of most of those friends and 

bis leisure to literary pursuits : and he connexions which alone could have at- 

Qinde himself so well acquainted with tached him to his native country, and 

the English language, that, in the course his habits of life having, during the long 

of the last fifteen years, be edited several period of his exile, become more English 

storks of considerable merit ; though, than French, he returned to England, 

ftnmn a feeling of diffidence, as a fo- and determined to pass the remainder of 

rwigotr, he could not be prevailed upon his days in his adopted countiy, 

tm ^low them to be put forth to the If the AbbA Macquin was &ttnguifh- 

■ ' td 



182 Obituary. — Bev. Weeden Butler. [Ai^ 

ed for biB claisical taste and learninf:, to improve bU intellectual powers, and 

Ee was no less so for the substantial en- to prepare and fit liimself for entering 

dowments wbicb adorn tbo cbaracter of into hol^r orders. About tbis interett> 

an bonest man. He was born and edu- iiig crisis, by wbicb the whole, tenor of 

cated in the Roman Catholic faith t but bis life was to be materially determined, 

bis religious principles were marked by be frequented (not without an eye to 

a feeling of liberality and benevolence ; steady inquiry and rigorous diserimhia- 

liis manners were cheerful, his memory tion) all the celebrated Churches, cbft< 

retentive ; and, bad he sought to extend pels, and meeting-houses, within and 

the circle of his acquaintance, few men* around the metropolis. The result of 

perhaps, possessed, in a higher degree, bi^ search after truth fixed bis cboioe, 

the requisite qualifications for polished and he devoted bis time thenceforth witb- 

society. out wavering to the service of bi« God, 

He died in Bermondsey-strect, in the as a humble minister of Christ's Gotpel, 

borough of Soutbwarlc, on the 17th of and a firm member of the Establish- 

July, and was interred in the Church of ment, upon the fullest conviction of its 

St. John Horsleydown, on the 22d of the excellence. The systematic course of 

same month, having nearly completed his classical and theological reading, 

bis 67tb year. which he never entirely laid aside, was 

in an essential measure chosen, directed. 

Rev. Wreubn Butler. and aided, by that variously-gifted but 

July 14. At Greenhill, near Harrow, unhappy character, the eloquent, the 
without struggle or groan, after a learned, the polite, the humane, the 
month's confinement to his chamber, gay, vain, extravagant, dissipated, band- 
by gradual and very perceptible decay, some, very popular preacher. Dr. Wil- 
calm, patient and resigned, in the liam Dodd ; to whom, in his turn, he 
eighty-first year of his age, the Rev. acted as an assiduous and indefatigable 
Weeden Butler, senior, the last of the amanuensis, from 1764 till his |iatron'i 
founders of the Society meeting in Cra- ignominious end in June 1777 f, 
ven-street. Strand, for the Discharge Dr. Dodd's *' Commentary on tbe 
and Relief of persons imprisoned for Holy Bible," a work in three volumet. 
Small Debts, and one of the founders of folio, begun in 1765 and published in 
The Sea-Bathing Infirmary, at bis 1770, was in part carefully compiled, 
birth-place, in 1793. Esto perpetua ! and altogether written out fairly for the 

This venerable man was born in High- press by the Rev. Weeden BuUer, who 

street, Margate, xxii. Sept O.S. ; iii. also assisted in editing the four lastTiv 

Oct. N.S. 1742 ; the sixth son of Daniel luroes of « The Christian's Magasine," 

Butler, esq. a reputable solicitor of that and revised the rough copy and eorreetad 

place. At the age of fourteen years, he the proof sheets of tbe poem in blank 

bad lost both his parents; and, there- verse *' Thoughts in Prison |." lo the 

fore, with bis own free will and consent, last singularly affecting compodtloa, 

was articled by an elder brother, Mr. occur lines so indicative of tbe worth of 

Richard Butler, of Rye, apprentice and the person eulogized and of tbe con<» 

clerk, for tbe term of six years, to Mr. demned author's gratitude, that we lob* 

Benjamin Rosewell, of Angel-court, join them with pleasure : 

Throgmorton-street, London, attorney « b„^^ j ^„ ,^g^ j ^ ^j^.„^, tdiudrt I 

*"Thf:Sment was made on the ^ ^""1"="' •"^'"•^ *^^^ 

24th Dec. 1757, but when the stipu- oh BuTL^ER^-'ldst a milJn^iSd^ 

lated term expired, notwithstanding Mr. oh canst thou think, who knowtt. Who 

Rosewell demonstrated the most perfect ,„ ^ast known . ' 

approbation of bis services, by offering to j^fy inmosi soul; oh eanst thou think 

kccept the young freeman gratuitously ' ^y^^^ ^yX^ "Ac "»■»> 

for a partner in business, the subject of ' * 

tbis memoir renounced for ever the pro- I^^. Dodd was licenced on the 8d Oct 

fession of the law, on conscientious 1767> to be the morning preacher in 

grounds, and resolved, by dint of still Charlotte-street Chapel, Pimlico, and 

harder study and the most diligent and ^^ appointed his amanuensis to be tbp 

intense application of heart and mind, reader in that then fashionable house (tf 

* This 'house is now the well-known -f* See our poetical department for 

office of Messrs. Dawes and Cbatfield, this month. 

aolicitors, the former gentleman tbe t See in Gent. Mag. for 1790, p. 1077} 

nephew, and both gentlemen tbe pupils and Gent. Mag. for 1793^ pp. z3S, ]fcc. 

'Of the clergyman whose loss we respect- some pathetic notices of his dead friend, 

fully anfiouuce. penned by Mr. Butler» ten. 

prayer. 



1893.] 



Obituary. — Rev* JfVeeden Buller, 



183 



pra3rer,{nwh^<^QueeiiCbaHo(t6 constant- 
ly rented (bur very capacious pews for 
tilt household until her Majesty's death. 
On the 34th February, 1776, the Doc- 
tor resi|:ned his office of morning^ preacher 
in the Chapel ; and Dr. Courteiiay, rec- 
tor of Saint Geor^'s, Hanover-square, 
at the Doctor's request, numiiiated in 
bis room the deserving reader; who 
was 'licenced accordingly and by pur- 
chase became the proprietor of one 
qnarter part of the concern, ofAciating^ 
therein zealously and regularly up to 
the year 1814. In 1778, he was lecturer 
of St. Clement, Eastcheap, and St. Mar- 
tin Orgars. 

On the 16th Dec. 1771, Mr. Butler 
married Miss Ann Giberne, of Parlia- 
ment 'Street, Westminster. By t bis lady 
We bad issue, four sons and a daughter. 
Two sons (one an infant] and his wife 
died before him. For more than forty 
jeiirs he was roaster of a classical school, 
in which he educated bis three sons ; 
vis. 1. the Rev. Weeden Butler, M. A. of 
Chelsea, hii successor to chapel morn- 
ing duty and to the Fchool, rector of 
Grvmt Woolstone, Bucks, and lecturer 
of Brompton Chapel, Kensington ; 2. 
the Rev. George Butler, D. I), of Har- 
row, head-master of the school, and 
rector of Gayton, Northamptonshire ; 
2U Charles-William Butler, esq. captain 
cif the William Pitt extra East India- 
man, who, on the 17th Dec. 1813, was 
sUpwrecked with all his crew, during a 
tremendous gale at midnight, off Algoa 
Bajy after firing several half minute 
aifnal-guns. Upon the confirmed intel- 
ligence of this melancholy catastrophe, 
letters innumerable of sweet or bitter 
importt of sympathy the most Unfeigned 
«nd l^ef the most sincere, and likewise 
4)f sanguine contradictory assurances the 
midst plausible and artiBcial, flowed in 
mo uninterrupted stream from different 
channels upon the anxious, pious, Chris- 
tian father; and, what might have been 
tfoieieen ensued : the quick and severe 
imlt^mations of justifiable alarm and of 
tanfounded hope, incessantly productive 
tM little less than paroxysms of sorrow 
i^nd Joy, of resignation and rapture, thus 
rvnitlessly upheld for many months after 
tlite grand shock had been endured, and 
i^^eld too even by professional men 
■Vlio ought to have reasoned betted, 
ik|gltated much an aged frame by nature 
i^goroos, but always delicately sensitive. 
In 1814, by the advice of friends, the 
ivrijeet of the present article retired 
V«|n Chelsea to the recluse village of 
^^ton, where remotis arhitris he admi- 
mdl^. discharged the duties of Curate to 
kAa'fon* till increasing infirmities com- 
p^Ued the Veteran to withdraw from' that 



responsible and important po^t in 1820^ 
at first to the Isle of Wight, next to 
Bristol, finally to Greenhill. 

The following letter from the Botani- 
cal Professor of Cambridge, co-proprietor 
of Charlotte-street Chapel, on the occa- 
sion of Mr. Butler's reluctant secession 
from the scene of his earliest ministry, 
is far too honourable to the Professor 
and to the memory of the defunct, to be 
omitted : 

•** My dear Sir, I ought to have 
answered your favour of the 8th instant 
sooner, and might certainly have done 
it ; but time runs on insensibly, and my 
ability for writing is very small. As I 
enter on my eightieth year on Tuesday 
next, I have reason to be thankful 
that I am able to read or write at 
all, that I can walk about my pre- 
mises and drive myself in my gig ; and, 
above all, that I can yet preach every 
Sunday. 1 was truly gratified to find 
that you intend removing to Gayton : 
both because the retirement to so' plea- 
sant and healthy a situation and quit- 
ting the bustle and fatigues in which 
you have been engaged, must be very 
agreeable at your time of life ; and also 
because the flock will not be left to k 
common hireling, but will, I am well 
persuaded, be duly fed with the most 
salutary food. This is an object which 
must be near the heart of every consci- 
entious clergyman. It is melancholy 
to see several of our neighbouring pa- 
rishes without so much as a resident 
curate, served irregularly once on the 
Sunday in haste. Accordingly, Dissen- 
ters swarm in them all; and in one of 
them, there are sometimes five or six 
persons in the Church, and five or six 
hundred in the meeting. In this parish 
there are only five or six Dissenters, 
and they are among the lowest of the 
people, not scrupling to come to Church, 
and sending their children to the Sun- 
day-school. The cause of this probably 
is, that the rectors have been constantly 
resident ever since the Reformation. 
For the last hundred and twenty years 
my family have been both Patrons and 
Rectors j and we, having also more than 
half the property of the parish, have 
considerable influence in it. Indeed, 
many of the farmers have been either 
servants themselves in the family, or 
have married servants from it. I have 
three tenants, brothers, and sods of a 
ser%'ant, who was also clerk of the pa- 
rish : industrious young men, two of 
them bringing up families with comfort, 
the third having only one son. I did 
not know that your son Mr. Weeden 
Butler bad so numerous a family. I ac- 
cept him cheerfully as your successor. 

With 



184 



Obituary.— Afv. Weeden Butler. 



[Aug. 



With mjr complimentt and good wUhet 
to both your sons, and earnest prayen 
for your comfort in your new stiuation, 
I remain, my dear Sir, your very faith- 
.ful friend and servant, 
«• Pertenhali, 2»A j, Martyn " 
Sept. 1814/' *"®^- '^'A^T^"- 

Of the unassuming Gospel Minister 
under our consideration although no 
action can be mentioned calculated to 
surprize and astonish, yet many were 
the charitable deeds which his right 
band wrought and his left band knew 
not: and much might be recorded in 
full proof of spiritual merit of no com- 
mon order. In bis ordinary intercourse 
with mankind he acted with upright in- 
tentions ; and, although sometimes dis- 
appointed and deceived, he deceived, 
he disappointed none. His word was 
truly his bond; and be fulfilled it, not 
unfrequently to his own hindrance. As 
a son he was dutiful and affectionate, as 
an apprentice submissive and docile, as 
an amanuensis skilful and intelligent, as 
a husband attentive, gentle, and kind, 
as a father mild, indulgent, and impar- 
tial, as an instructor of youth courteous 
and forbearing, as a friend faithful and 
constant, as a master of a regular fa- 
mily punctual and condescending, as a 
subject loyal to his prince ; in every dis« 
tinct department of social life, in short, 
be shone forth a blameless pattern to 
bis children and to his neighbours. But, 
viewed as a Clergyman of the Established 
Church of England, he exhibited loftier 
qualifications and more splendid endow- 
ments. Called to the ministry by no 
worldly considerations, he acted from 
principle not for lucre of gain. Receiv- 
ing his sacred commission from heaven, 
he obeyed, and cast Mammon behind 
bim. He preached on temperance and 
righteousness, and he was a temperate 
and righteous man. He felt exactly as 
be taught. From his pulpit he enforced 
the saving and sound doctrine of Faith 
with Good Works : he himself believed 
the pure Gospel of Christ ; he himself 
took up his cross and followed his ador- 
able Redeemer through t horns and briars ; 
be himself meekly let his light shine 
before his fellow mortals that they 
might see his works and glorify his God. 
Of his purse often bounteous and always 
liberal in due proportion to his means ; 
of his advice and recommendation and 
labours of love, never sparing or dilatory 
in the hour of trial and distress; to the 
close of his active and useful pilgrimage 
be possessed and he uniformly displayed 
a generous heart, a sagacious bead, an 
honest and unclenched band. Honoured 
in his congregation when alive, by 
anmbers whom be esteemed and lored^ 



be died in a good old age wittiom har- 
bouring one thought of unkindiiesa, and 
without leaving to bis knowledge one 
enemy. His practice correspondM to his 
profession. His conduct tbroughout the 
busy week bore witness to the- tanetity 
of bis precepts, whilst his preiwiiCs on 
the Sabbath-day inculcated with anotion 
and holy fervour, piety, plain dealiog, 
peace, and good will. His diet dm^e, 
his meal temperate, his draughts limited ; 
he was constitutionally and babitnally 
abstemious and sober. His oofporeal 
and mental faculties, of course, were 
weapons keen and bright, worn by ose, 
not rust ; for, alert and active in dis- 
position and from youth aeenstomed 
to toil, in health he rose betimes by a 
settled plan, whilst bis repose was un- 
certain and mainly depended on the 
value and pressure of immediate duties; ^ 
since very early had he fixed the solemn 
purpose not unnecessarily to defer what- 
ever he could perform. Even bit slightest 
amusements were wisely and eonscien- 
tiously chosen ; and, whilst they tended 
to relax the mind, recnuted the spirits, and 
repaired and refreshed instead of enervat- 
ing the body. In bis strength of man- 
hood, he now and then gardened, bowl- 
ed, fished, sailed, travelled ; bnt, he 
never danced, he never bunted, he never 
gamed ; he was consistent. 

In March 1786 he planned, and, in 
September 1787 with the aid of pecu- 
niary contributions sanctioned by the 
Hon. and Rev. Wm.-Bromley Cadofan, 
he instituted, theChelseaSunday Schools. 
" Thus, being dead, he yet speaketb.'* 

A revered parent's remains were placed 
in the family vault at Chelsea hj the 
executors, his two surviving sons. 

His late Royal Highness the Dnke of 
Kent had a great regard for Mr* Batler. 
In a letter to the late James NeUd, esq. 
dated Quebec, 4tb Nov. 1791, his Rpyal 
Highness says, " You will be pleased to 
thank Mr. Butler for the Sermon he has 
been so good as to present mt with| as 
also for the very polite letter which ac- 
companied it. He may depend, when 
my establishment shall at a future period 
be formed, on my remembering the pro- 
mise I made him when at Carlton-bouse.** 
Accordingly, on the 20tb Miiy, 1799, 
the Duke of Kent appointed Mr* Butler 
one of his Domestic Chaplains. 

Mr. Butler*s writings were many and 
multifarious; hut his known publiea- 
tions are few and mostly re-prints of 
other writers. Among these the follow- 
ing are ascertained : 

1. "The Cheltenham Guide," 8vo. 
original ; 3. " Single Seirmons," 4to. and 
8vo. original ; 8. ** Jortin's TracU/' 3 
vols. 8vo. 1790, much enlarred ) 4. 



3 Obituary.— iter, ffeeden ButUu'-^M^Uiam Coomhe, Esq, iSS 



•ocks' Roman Conversations," 2 
vu. 1797; 5. " Memoirs of Mark 
ley, D. D. Lord Bishop of Sodor 
flmnn, and Master of Sberburn 
:al ; under whose auspices The 
Scriptures were translated into 
uiks Lanjfuage,*' 8vo. 1799. origi- 
). '* An Account of the Life and 
g^ of the Rev. George Stanhope, 
I>ean of Canterbury, author of the 
irase and Comment on the Epis- 
d Gospels," 8vo. original. 
most materially assisted his friend 
}-adjutor the late James Neild, 
I preparing for the press a third 
1 of the ** Account of the Society 
[g in Craven-street, published in 
' and still more so in the enlarged 
dition of 1813, every line of which 
ice transcribed ; and also took 
Himself the labour of correcting 
oof sheets. All* these works he 
itended gratuitously for others or 
1 at his own sole expence. — ** La- 
le voluptas : Gloria Deo." 
jly one charitable Institution ex- 
London, to which Mr. Butler's 
r oratory did not essentially con- 
i credit and cash. 
•ery fine portrait of Dr. Dodd, 
i by Gainsborough, and a large 
volume of the Doctor's unedited 
in MS. bound, including a tragedy 
" The Syracusan," and a comedy 
" Sir Roger de Coverly," are left 
Butler to his legatees. The por- 
t the only likeness extant. The 
are pleasingly composed. Rev. 
Dodd and Rev. Weeden Butler, 
possess all the Doctor's unprinted 

18. 

Butler was also, by desire of the 
and Chelsea Volunteers in 1798, 
In to their united corps that form- 
The Queen's Volunteers." He 
Freemason. Thus in these few 
and hurried lines is related, to 
t eyes, the tenor of a Christian's 
ceeding fourscore years : uf which 
otle possessor never wished to live 
^in one day. B. 

William Coombe, Esq. 
19. At his apartments, Lam- 
jad, in his 82d year, Wm. Coombe, 

gentleman long known to the 
Y world by his various produc- 
but who never affixed his name to 
rks. 

Rras educated at Eton and Oxford. 
Bsessed great talents, and a very 
ifson, as well as a good fortune, 
, unhap^tily, he soon dissipated 
; the high connections to which 
iBnts and attainments introduced 
T. Mag. August, 1823* 



him, and he subsequently passed thro'igh 
many vicissitudes ef life, which at length 
compelled him to resort to Literature 
for support. Innumerable are the works 
of taste and science which were sub- 
mitted to his revision, and of which 
others had the reputation. A Ibve of 
show and dress, but neither gaming or 
drinking, was the source of his embar- 
rassments. He was indeed remarkably 
abstemious, drinking nothing but water 
till the last few weeks of his life, when 
wine was recommended to him as a me- 
dicine. But, though a mere water 
drinker, his spirit at the social board 
kept pace with that of the company. 
He possessed musical knowledge and 
taste, and formerly sung in a very 
agreeahle manner. His conversation 
was always entertaining and instractive, 
and he possessed a calm temper with 
very agreeable manners. He was twice 
married. His second wife, who is now 
alive, is the sister of Mrs. Cosway, and 
possessed of congenial taste and talents. 

He originally excited great attention 
in the fashionable world, by a poism, en- 
tilled "The Diaboliad," in two parts, 
the second of which was far inferior to 
t he first The hero and heroine were gene- 
rally understood to be a nobleman and a 
duchess lately deceased. *< The Philo- 
sopher of Bristol," &c. and ** The Flat- 
tering Milliner, or modern Half-hour,*' 
performed at Bristol in 1775, were like- 
wise by him ; as was " The Devil upon 
Two Sticks in England," being a conti- 
nuation of <' Le Diable Boiteux of Le 
Sage," 4 vols. 1790; 2d edit. 6 vols. 12mo. 
1810; in which many very distingtlished 
characters at that period were intro- 
duced, and the whole entitles him to 
the name of the English Le Sage, which 
liome have been pleased to confer upon 
him, though far inferior to Le Sage's 
work. He was the author also of several 
political pamphlets, which made a con- 
siderable impression on the |>ublick, 
among which were ** The Royal Inter- 
view," " A Letter from a Country Gen- 
tleman to his Friend in Town," *• A 
Word in Sbason," " The Letters of Va- 
lerius on the State of Parties," 8vo. 
1804, and many others. F^e also wrote 
those letters which appear under the 
title of " Letters of the late Lord Lyt- 
telton." 

Within the last few years, under the 
liberal patronage of Mr. Ackermann, 
who continued to be a generous friend 
to him till his last moments, he brought 
forth a work whjich became very popular 
and attractive, under the title of " The 
Tour of Doctor Syntax In search of the 
Picturesque," It was originally insert- 

td 



12 



186 Obituary.— WMiam Co^mbtf Esq.-^Wm. Noble, Egq, [^kug.- 



td in the Poetical Magazine, pubiitlied 
by Mr. Acl&ermann, but afterwards re- 
printed in 8vo. 1813 ; 2d edit. 1813, and 
subsequent editions. Tbis work, wrbich 
be extended to a « Second and Tbird 
Tour," with nearly tbe same spirit and 
humour whicb characterised tbe first, ^rill 
for ever rank amoiii^ the most humorous 
productions of British literature. He 
afterwards produced poems, entitled, 
<'The English Dance of Death,*' and 
" Tbe Dance of Life," whicb were writ- 
ten with tbe same spirit, humuur, and 
knowledge of mankind that marked the 
other works. His last poem was '' The 
History of Johnny Quae Genus, The Lit- 
tle Foundling of the late Dr. Syntax." 
All these works were illustrated by some 
admirable prints from- the designs of 
Mr. Rowlandson. 

For Mr. Ackermann he also wrote 
" History of Westminster Abbey," 3 
vols. 4to. 1812 ; " Six Puems illustrative 
of Engravings by H. R. H. the Princess 
Elizabeth," 4to. 1813, and also part of 
tbe descriptions to the '* Microcosm uf 
London," 3 vols. 4to. ; and was the au- 
thor of the papers, entitled the <* Mo- 
dern Spectator," in Ackermann*s Repo- 
sitory of Arts. 

The Bristol Observer of July 16, pub- 
lishes the following anecdotes of tbis 
highly-favoured iterary humourist, as 
given by a gentleman, one of his con- 
temporaries, during his residence at 
Bristol Hot wells, which place he visited 
about the year 1768 :— " He was tall 
and handsome in person, an elegant 
scholar, and highly accomplished in his 
manners and behaviour. He lived in 
a most princely style, and, though a 
bachelor, kept two carriages, several 
horses, and a large retinue of servants. 
He had resided abroad for many years. 
It was said that he was tbe son of a 
tradesman in London, who left him a 
Tery handsome fortune, but which it is 
tupposed he soon dissipated, and then 
commenced Author. He was generally 
recognized by the appellation of ' Count 
CoombeV 

From another quarter, says the same 
Tespectable Journal, « we have been told 
that a gentleman once gave Mr. Coombe 
the friendly hint that his sister-in-law, a 
lady possessing a fortune of forty thou- 
sand pounds, * might with ease be wooed, 
and without pains be won.* But this 
suggestion * the Count' spurned from 
him contemptuously. The lady soon 
afterwards became the prize of a soldier 
of seemiogly mure precarious fortune, 
who, we believe, still survives ber--an 
example of greater prudence and circum- 
■ptetion than he by whom she was 
jejected.*' 



*' As an example of his powen of eoft- 
versation, tbe 4ate Dr* Estlin nlatcd 
that a friend once met Mr. Coomba 
walking in Tyndall's Park with a yoong 
lady under each arm — if we heard the 
anecdote correctly. Miss Galton and 
Miss Hannah More— both of whom were 
in tears. ' In the name of Heaven, 
Coombe !' exclaimed his friend, at their 
next meeting, ' what had you been say- 
ing to those poor girls with whom I met 
you the other day, to produce so much 
distress ?* — < What distress ? — when ?' 
enquired the Count, in a tone of alarm 
at the imputation. On bis memory be- 
ing brought home to the fact, he n^oin- 
ed, ' Oh ! nothing at all-r-some melan- 
choly tale of imagination, trumped up to 
suit their palate and diversify the teene. 
But of the pearly drops I was not so 
keen an observer as yourself'.'* 

The life of Mr* Coombe, if impartially 
written, would be pregnant with amuse- 
ment and instruction i but those whose 
literary contributions might have pro- 
vided interesting materials, are probably 
most of them with him in the grave; 
and he will hereafter be chiefly remem- 
bered as the Author of ^* Doctor Syntax*" 

We ought not to conclude this article 
without bearing testimony to the firm 
reAance which Mr. Coombe placed in 
the Divine origin of the Christian reli- 
gion, and a future existence ; and to 
the fortitude and resignation with which 
he supported bis full conrietiou of tha 
near approach of bis final release fron 
all sublunary troubles. 

William Noble, Esq. 
June 7. At Wimbledon, aged 78, Wil- 
liam Noble, esq. of Foley-piaee. Mr. 
Nuble was, we believe, bom at Hamp- 
ton, in Westmoreland, and was formerly 
a Banker in Pall Mall. In Aag. 1798, 
Mr. Noble vjsited his natire eountry, 
accompanied by our agreeable Corres- 
pondent, the late Joseph Budworth •, 
esq. This excursion produced a rerw 
pleasant Volume, under the title, *'A. 
Fortnight's Ramble to the L^ketf ;" 
in which Mr. B. expresses his obliga- 
tions to Mr. Noble with a delieacy eqoal 
to its energy. Prefixed to the volume 
is a portrait of Mr. Noble, under tbe 
designation of <* The Friend of Blan." 

Mr. John Mackbn. 
June 7. At Enniskillen, after a pro- 
tracted and painful illness, which be en- 



* Who afterwards changed his name 
to Palmer, (see an account of bin in 
vol. Lxxxv. ii. p. 388. 

t See vol. LXli. p. 1114; LXVi. 184 ; 
LXX. ii.41. 141. 

dured 



1S93.} Obituaey.— Mr. Macken.^Mr. Galloway.-^ Mr. men. 187 



dared with exemplary fortitude, Mr. John 
Mitfken, the Sailor Poet. ThU highly- 
lifted^ but unfortunate individual, was 
the author, under the feig^ned name of 
l«mael Fitzadam, of tww delightful vo- 
Inmes of poetry, " The Harp of the De- 
sert ," and " Lays on Land." His his- 
tory, we understand, is very interesting, 
nnd we hope to lay hefore our readers 
some farther particulars of him, with a 
beautiful Tribute to his Memory, in our 
next. 



Mr. Thomas Galloway. 
Lately, Mr. Thomas Galloway, aged 
35 years, a native of the parish of Mon- 
«ie. He belonged to the Duke of Perth's 
Regiment, and with them fought in the 
battle of Culloden, and is supposed to 
have outlived all his contemporaries of 
that time. After the termination of that 
unfortunate struggle, he continued se- 
creted among his friends in the country, 
till the general amnesty, when he enter- 
ed upon a small farm, which care and 
good management turned to such good 
account, that his little capital soon ac- 
cumulated, till he became one of the 
greatest and most respectable farmers in 
Strathearn ; " but Fortune, ever fickle," 
at length turned her back on her favou- 
rite. He got himself involved in several 
law-suits, and met with so many losses 
by people in the country, that he died 
in the utmost poverty, being obliged to 
friends and neighbours for his support. 

Mr. Charles Warren. 
j4pril^}. At Wandsworth, Mr. Charles 
Warren, the eminent engraver. He was 
conversing cheerfully at the time, but 
the stroke of death reached without 
pain, and he stooped his head down to 
expire in an instant. Long actively em- 
ployed in the business of life, Mr. War- 
ren was generally known, and bis works 
as generally admired. Mr. Warren was 
a useful Memberof the Society of Arts, 
was one of the Chairmen of the Com- 
mittee of Polite Arts, and lately con- 
tributed a communication to the So- 
ciety on the practicability of engraving 
on steel. The following particulars are 
from the Report of the Secretary. Many 
attempts of that nature had been made, 
from the time of Albert Durer to the 
present day. It was supposed that the 
difficulty of engraving on so hard a sub- 
stance would be compensated by the 
durability of the work. It had been 
usual to try the experiment on a thin 
plate of steel, but the extreme hardness 
of the article blunted the different in- 
struments which were employed in cut- 
(iDg it, and therefore no work of art 



had, for a long period, been engraved on 
steel. Mr. Warren, however, heard that 
the button*manufacturers of Birming- 
ham used a process by which they low* 
ered the hardness of steel. He then 
turned his whole attention to the sub« 
ject, and one by one, overcame every 
difRculty, and made some exquisite en- 
gravings on steel. He laid before the 
Society copies of these engravings, and 
where 4,000 and even 5,000 prints had 
been struck off, scarcely any differencs 
could be observed between the first im- 
pression and the last. They all had the 
appearance of proofs. If he had kept 
the discovery to himself, it would have 
tended greatly to his advantage ; but he 
preferred the improvement of the art to 
his personal interest, and he communi- 
cated to any person, who requested it, 
all the knowledge he had to bestow. As 
a compliment to the Society, he had laid 
the discovery before them, and it had 
been investigated on three different even- 
ings, with the most satisfactory result. 
Death had suddenly snatched him away^ 
in the full vigour of mind, and the gold 
medal awarded to him by the Society of 
Arts during the last year was therefore 
delivered to his brother, in trust for his 
orphan daughter, on the S8th of May, 
by his Royal Highness the Duke of Sus- 
sex, who, when he presented it to his 
brother, said "In the midst of your af- 
fliction, however, it must afford you 
great consolation to know how highly 
your brother's character was esteemed by 
the Society." 



DEATHS. 
London and its Environs. 

Lately. Aged 75, Mrs. Esther Parkes, 
late of St. James's-street. 

May 23. At Brompton, aged 1 8, George, 
only child of Sir David Wedderbuni) bart. 

June 1 . In John-street, America-square, 
aged 65, Joseph- Hart Myers, M.D. who 
fell a sacrifice to the continued torments and 
consequent exhaustion of that opprobrium 
Medicorunif the gout. 

June 15. At Winchester-row, New-road, 
Paddington, aged 62, John-Geo. Parkhurst, 
esq. of Catesby Abbey, Northamptonshire. 

June 16. At Whitehall, aged 75, the 
lady of Sir Wm. Lemon, bart. She was 
dau. of Jas. Buller, of Morval, po. Corn- 
wall, esq. (by Jane, dau. of Allen, IsC Earl 
Bathurst) ; and was married to Sir Wm. 
Lemon, bart. D.C.L. by whom she luul 
issue 12 children. 

lu Upper Wimpole-st. Lieut.-gen. Thos. 
Bridges, of Hon. East India Company's Ser- 
vice, in his 80th year. He commanded the 
right wing of the army under the command 
of Lord Harris, at the capture of Serin- 
gapatam. 

. June 



AU*^ 



KXUA A W/t A ft • 



June 33. Found drowned in the Thames, 
near Wettimnster-bridge» Fraocls Chiches- 
ter, esq. Gentleman Commoner of Trinity 
College, Oxford. 

July 6. In Jermyn-st. Major-gen. Hon. 
Arthur St. Leger. 

July 21, In Gowcr-st. Bedford-sq. Eliza- 
beth, widow of late John-Hull Harris, esq. 
o£ Stanwell. 

July 24. In Berners-street, aged 51, 
William Raddish, esq. 

Juliana-Anne, wife of £dw. James Mas - 
call, esq. of the King's-road, Chelsea, and 
dau. of Kt. Dalzell, esq. late of Tldmarsh. 

July 25. Benj. Pugh, esq. of Bernard- 
street, Russell-square, who for a consider- 
able number of years, attended the Oxford 
Circuit as DepuU Clerk of Assize. By the 
members of the Profession he was generally 
known and universally beloved. 

July 28. At Twickenham, aged 80, Sa- 
rah, relict of Jeremiah Hodges, esq. late of 
Boidney Court, Oxon. 

July 29. At Brentford, aged 81, Mrs. 
Montgomen^. 

^z^. 2. Thos. Edmond, younger son of 
Mr. G. Keating, Catholic Publisher, Duke- 
street, Grosvenor-square. 

At Twickenham, aged 76, Jane, widow 
of late Stephen Pitt, esq. of Kensington. 

Aug. 8. At Brixton, aged 32, Mr. Hen. 
Mann, of Princes-street, Bank, solicitor. 

j4ug. 7. In Bedford-sq. Major-gen. Darby 
Griffith, of Pads worth-house, Berks. 

Aug. 8. Aged 52, John Sewell, esq. 
Flax Mills, Feitham. 

Frances, wife of J. Tilson, esq. Foley-place. 

At Dulwich Common, aged 51, the wife 
of S. Page, esq. 

Aug. 9. At St. John's Wood, aged 25, 
Charlotte-Maria, wife of Rev. T. Wharton. 

Aug. 10. In Devonshire-pl. Esther, wife 
of Rev. Francis North, Prebendary of Win- 
cbeter. 

Aug. II. At Brompton, aged 59, Lieut.- 
col. Brookes Lawrence, late of 13th Light 
Dragoons, in which regiment he served 38 
years ; ■ and during the command of it at the 
battle of Waterloo, he had two horses killed 
and two wounded. 

Berkshire. — Aug. 1. At Reading, aged 
73, J. Gill, esq. formerly of the Strand. 

At Tetsworth, aged 91, Mr. W. Eaton, 
many years a respectable farmer at Albury 
and North Weston. 

Bucks. — Jubj 16*. At Olney, aged 73, 
the mother of the Rev. S. Raban, of West 
bury, Wilts. 

Aug. 9. At New-house-place, Chalfont 
St. Giles, the Lady of Sir Corington -Ed- 
mund Carrington. 

Cheshire. — Aug. 6. At Backford, Sarah, 
wife of Major-gen. Glegg. 

Cornwall. — May 1 8. At Truro, Mr. J. 
Heard, printer and publisher of The JVest 
Briton, He was a kind -hearted man, punc- 
tual in his dealings, and obliging to all. 



Cumberland. — July 2S. Aged 43, Hen* 
Windus, esq. 

Durham. — At Sbeiburo, aged 99» Mr. 
D. Bedford, teacher of the Claasicd end 
Commercial Academy, without MicUegato 
bar, York. 

July 26. At Newcastle, suddenly, of apo- 
plexy, Mr. Wm. Cormack, master of the 
Heroy of Aberdeen. 

Aug.S. Geo. Omsby, esq. ofLanchester 
Lodge, near Durham. 

Essex. — June 21. Aged 84, Robt. Bris- 
coe, esq. of Laytonstone. 

July II. At the Grange, Ley ton, aged 
66, Barbara, wife of T. Luie, esq. 

July 2b, Of apoplexy, at Laytonstone, 
Mr. Letchworth, of Kates-grove, Reading. 
In his public principles he shewed himself the 
steady and consistent assertor of liberty, 
civil and religious, lliere is hardly a pulmo 
Institution in tliat town, which has far its 
object either the moral improvement, or 
the innocent amusement of its InhaUtanCs, 
which did not find in him at once the en- 
lightened advocate, and the liberal contri- 
butor. 

Gloucestershire. — July 17. Marv,wifi 
of Mr. John Cooke, solicitor, of Gloucester. 

July 26. — Mr. Ashfield Hunt, merchanty 
of Bristol. 

Hampshire. — June 21. At Kiugsclere^ 
Dr. Kilpin. 

July 15. At Pcnton, aged 61, Mrs. 
Pearce, the widow of the late John Pearce, 
esq. and eldest dau. of the late Wm. Sweet- 
apple, esq. of Charlton, near Andover. 

July 18. At Southampton, Susan, onlj 
dau. of Dr. Borland, of Teddington. 

Herefordshire. — July 1 7. At Hereford, 
aged 80, the relict of W. Williams, esq. of 
Brecon, Banker, and dau. of W. Gwynne» 
esq. Cunghorday, Carmarthenshire. 

Aug. 14. At Wilcroft, near Hereford^ 
aged 6'9, J. Williams, esq. formerly a Soli- 
citor at Dartford. 

Hertfordshire. — At Great Berkhamp- 
stead, Katharine Gibbon, wife of WUliun 
Walker, esq. of that place, and youngest 
dau. of late Rev. J. Newman of Sudbury. 

Aug. 11. At Watford, aged 78, Harriott 
Steward, esq. 

Kent. — ^At Woolwich, Douglas Lawson, 
esq. Royal Reg. of Artillery. 

At Ramsgate, in the prime of life, Mr. 
John-Owe a Edwards, surgeon, only son of 
Oweu Edwards, esq. of Brook, near Lavu^h- 
ame, and nephew to Jas. Lewis, esq. of Coo- 
wil, Carmarthenshire. 

July 18. At Ramsgate, aged 18, Miles- 
James, eldest son of Col. Breevor, R. Art. 

July 22. At Sheemess, Capt. Robt. Jen- 
kins, 12th foot, son of Mr. Jenkins, of Sw- 
eniiy, Glamorganshire. 

July 24. At CroftonHall, aged 8S, Gen. 
Morgan, formerly of the Coldstream Guards. 

Aiig. 9. Aged 80, Mr. Wm. Hurst. He 

Ud 



18^.^ 



Obituary. 



189 



l)ad been a fkmed pedestrian, haTing vbited 
most parts of £nf;land and Scotland An foot ; 
nor did he confine his walks to his own coun- 
try only, but visited many parts of the Con- 
tinent, such as Flanders, France, Portugal, 
Gibraltar, the island of Malta, &c. His 
usual beverage and food when travelling was 
tea, bread and butter. His walks were long 
and rapid — walking from Margate to Lon- 
don, and back again, in two days, spending 
in the journey only a few pence. In one of 
his tours he was shut in a fort, when it was 
besieged by the French ; he continued there 
during the siege, and was taken prisoner when 
it capitulated ; Y)ut was set at liberty when 
the object of his pursuit was known. 

LiAHCAsmRE.— -June 1 6. At his seat, Quer- 
more-park, aged 62, Chas. Gibson, esq. 

July 4. Aged 79, T. Sunderland, esq. 
of Littlecroft, near Ulverstun. 

Leicestershire. — Aug, 10. At Langley 
Priory, Anne, wife of Richard Cheslyn, esq. 
The death of this excellent lady was occa- 
sioned by drowning herself in the water in 
front of the Priory, in a moment of mental 
delirium, caused by a brain fever, brought 
on by a growing depression of mind, in con- 
sequeuce of an unfortunate protracted Chan- 
cery suit, which had been the cause of sepa- 
rating her from a branch of her own family, 
to whom she was greatly attached. 

Lincolnshire. — At Stamford, aged 51, 
the wife of J. Chapman, esq. 

At Gosberton, Mr. Crosby. It is sup- 
posed that he has left behind him more than 
60,0002. and yet in his life he would hardly 
allow himself common necessaries. Neither 
of the Elwes's, nor even Dancer himself, 
could be more squalid, or more penurious in 
a general way, and yet this man kept a good 
table as fcir as beef and bacon went, and was 
always accessible to any poor man that might 
call at his house ; rich, and what he called 
« fine" men, he detested. 

Norfolk. — At Larlingford, at the great 
«ge of 1 ] 1 , Mr. John Lock, farmer. 

June «S. At Lamas, aged 77, Wm. Lub- 
l)ock, esq. brother of the late Sir John Lub- 
l)ock, the 1st Baronet ; who caused his ho- 
nours to descend to his nephew, eldest son 
of Wm. L. now Sir John Wm. Lubbock, bt. 

June 24. At Thetford, in his 70th year, 
Shelford Bidweli, esq. 

Juw 30. Aged 72, Mr. John Wright, 
ikttorney-at-law, of Swaffham. 

July 5. At her brother-in-law's, the 
Rev. T. Kidd, of Lynn, the wife of P. Cha- 
l>*rt, esq. of Pentonville. 

^uhj 24. Id Lower Close, aged 94, the 
R«v. R. Rolfe, Rector of Hiiborough, and 
^^ont to late Vise. Nelson. 

Nottinghamshire. — In his 48th year>. 
"ancisTravers, M. D. late of Newark. 

At Southwell, Elizabeth- Anne, wife of the 
■**v. Dr. Barrow, Vicar-General in the Col- 
■•giate Church of that town. 
• mfuly 26. At Park Hall, near Mansfield, 



aged 58, Major-gen. Hall, late Lient-col. 
of the 93d, or Royal Welsh Fusileers. 

Aug. 5. At Cuckney, near Mansfield, 
James Dowling, esq. many years Steward to 
the Right Hon. Earl Bathurst. 

RuTLANpsHiRE. — At South Luffenham, 
owing to a fiill from her horse. Miss Trol- 
lope, aunt to Sir J. Trollope, hart. 

Somersetshire. — ^At Bath, John War- 
ner, esq. late of Beaulieu, Hants. 

June 27. At Frome, from actual starva- 
tion, of cancer near his throat, Mr. Samuel 
Allen, dyer. 

July 3. Rachel, wife of Peter Fry, esq. 
solicitor, of Axbridge. 

July 5. At Frome, aged 24, Martin- 
Folkes-Lucretia, dau. of late John Jones, 
esq. 14th reg. Foot, and niece to Capt. 
Edgell, R.N. of Standerwick-Court. 

July 1 1 . Mr. C. H. Drake, printer and 
bookseller, Taunton. 

July 27. At Bath, aged 76, Charles- 
Henry Dubois, esq. 

Aug. 6. At Bath, Mary, widow of late, 
and mother to present Sir Hugh Palliser, 
hart. She was the youngest dau. and co- 
heiress of John Yates, of Dedham, Essex, 
esq. 

Aug. 6. After a long illness, at his house 
in the Abbey-church-yard, Bath, Mr. Meyr 
ler, printer and bookseller, and proprietor of 
The Bath Herald. Mr. Meyler was in his 
42d year, and has lefi; an amiable widow and 
five young children : he was a member of 
the Common Council of that city, was uni- 
versally esteemed, and his loss will be de- 
plored by his numerous friends and relatives^ 
as well as by his deeply afflicted family, to 
whom it must be irreparable. 

Suffolk. — ^At Ipswich Barracks, aged 38, 
Andrew Creagh, esq. Lieut. 8th Royal Irish 
Hussars. 

At Marlesford, aged 26, of a pulmonary 
consumption, Mr. Isaac Harvey, Master of 
an Academy at Woolwich. 

June 11. At Hadleigh, aged 45, Esther, 
wife of Mr. S. Higham, late of Worlingham. 

JuTie 15. At Biundeston Parsonage, ad- 
vanced in age, Elizabeth, relict of Mr. James 
Thurtle, of Flixton. 

June 29. At Walsham-le- Willows, aged 
71, Mr. C. Rogers. 

July 1. At Stowmarket, aged 96, Mr. 
James Poole, Churchwarden of that parish 
upwards of 50 years. 

July 3. At Combs, aged 97, Mr. Samn^ 
Faiers. 

July 7. At Shipmeadow, aged 52, Mr. 
W. C. Boyce, Riding-officer and Surveyor of 
the Eastern district. 

July 7* AtBoxford,R.W.Townsend,gent» 

July 8. At Southwold, aged 50, Chris- 
tiana, wife of H. Churchyard, gent. 

Jidy 19. At Bury St. Edmund's, aged 90, 
Matthias Ottley, gent, a Burgess of that 
Corporation, and who had served the office 
of Surveyor for St. Mary's parish, in that 

town. 



190 



Obituary. 



town, and under tht Sudburj Trust> for up- 
wards of 40 years. 

AtSouthwoId, aged 57 > Mr. Thos. Pott, 
Postmaster and Deputy Town-clerk of that 
borough. 

At Stow Farms, Monks Illeigh, aged B6, 
Mr. James Scott. 

July 20. At Melfnrd House, after a severe 
illness, the wife of Major Plunkett, of Kin- 
naird, co. Roscommon, Ireland, only child 
of late Gen. Gunning, a lady endowed with 
many virtues, and considerable accomplish- 
ments. 

jfug, 1. In his 12th year, William, Sd 
son of Sir P. B. V. Broke, of Nacton, hart. 
This promising but unfortunate youth was 
drowned in a pond near his father's man- 
sion. He had gone out alone fishing, and 
had been seen sitting upon the rails of the 
pond, from which he must have fetllen into 
the water, where he had remained some 
time before he was discovered. No time 
was lost in having recourse to every means 
of recovery ; but unfortunately they proved 
of no avail. 

Surrey. — July 15. At Carshalton, Mrs. 
£liz. Wallace. 

July 30. At the White Lodge, Richmond 
Park, aged 46, the Hon. Henry Addington, 
eldest son of Viscount Sidmouth, and Clerk 
of the Pells in the Court of Exchequer. 

July 81. At Mitcham, aged 38, Mr. 
Bailey Austin. 

Sussex. — At Northiam, Mary, dau. of 
late Sir James Foulis, of Colin ton, hart. 

July 21 . At Hastings, Anne, wife of Wm. 
Home, esq. of Lincoln's Inn, one of his 
Majesty's Counsel. 

July 24. At Maresfield, Caroline wife of 
W. Day, esq. 

Warwickshire. — Aug, 11. At Rugby 
Lodge, aged 20, Elizabeth, dau. of Abraham 
Caldecott, esq. 

Wiltshire. — July 13. At Westbury, 
Mr. Hardy, son of the Rev. S. Hardy, late 
of Enfield. 

July 1 8. At Chelsea, Mrs. Anne Webb, 
late of Durdham-Down. 

Worcestershire. — July 9* At Great 
Malvern, Mr. George Sidney, Printer, of 
Northumberland-street, after a short but 
severe illness. 

Aug. I . Charles, uncle to Thos. Charles 
Homyold, esq. of Blackmoor Park. 

Yorkshire. — In his 72d year, Mr. Lang- 
dale, of Northallerton^ bookseller, and one 
of the Chief Constables for the division of 
Allertoushire. His death was occasioned by 
a cart, in which the driver was asleep, run- 
ning against his gig, which produced so 
severe a shock, as to rupture a vessel in the 
region of the heart. 

At Pepper Hall, near Northallerton, John 
Arden, esq. of Arden Hall, near Stockport, 
and of Tarporley, Cheshire; he was the 
elder brother of the late Lord Alvanley. 

July 6. At £lm-field> near Doncaster, 



[Aug. 

and formerly of Bowling Hall, near Bn4- 
ford, John Sturgei, esq. In the Comminnta 
of the Peace for the West Riding. 
July 14. At Fjre Nest> near Haltfioiy 

Xd 85, John Edwaids» esq. of Hulejfbkd- 
iSf Kennlnston. 

July 17. Air. Williams, late of the Leeds 
Theatre, who unfortunately put a period to 
his existence by cutting his throaty in a fit 
of lunacy. He was respectably coimecledt 
his brother being a Lient.-col. in the army. 

July 20. Aged 61, Mr. Wm. GanMCt* 
bookseller and stationer, Hnddersfield. 

At Sutton, aged 62, the wife of Nicholas 
Walton, esq. 

At Flockton, aged 70, W. Milnes, esq. 

July 29. At Doncaster, aged 889 Charles 
Dowse, esq. of the firm of nanley and Co. 
contractors for post horse duty. 

Jane, dau. of Hev. R. Willan, of Bamsley. 

jiug, 1 . Advanced in age, the widow of 
Rev. John Bell, late Rector of Si. Maigaret 
and St. Crux, York. 

jfug. 9. At Lavender Grove, York, aged 
56, Christ. Cattle, esq. Sheriff for that <ntj 
in 1804. 

At Great Driffield, aged 56, John Watson, 
esq. surgeon, (brother to Rev. A. WataoOf 
Vicar of Hunsingore,) eminent in his profisi- 
sion, and lately m extensive practice. 

Wales. — ^At Glanllyn-honse, Merioneth- 
shire, aged 68, Griffith Richanlsj esq. bvo- 
ther of the Lord Chief Baron, iqnrards of 
40 years agent to Sir W. W. Wynne. 

Mtxy 15. Henry Jackson^ esq. of Lower 
Sketty, Swansea. 

June 7. At Cowbridee, i^ed 1 7» Char* 
lotte, only dau. of late Kerr, Jotm WQUrtMy 
of Plaxtol, Kent. 

July 12, At Tynnllechweddy Merioneth- 
shire, aged 102, Mrs. Eliz. Ellia. 

July 17. Aged 96, E. widow of Mr. Bob. 
Parry, of Coed-y-park, Llandeiga. fihe haa 
left &ve children, 34 grandchildreat aad61 
great-grandchildren. Her mother dBed aged 
98, andher twosisters,oneat959theotlier88« 

July 18. Aged 28, Mr. David BfBaa» 
printer ; the proprietor, pnblishery Mud late 
editor of The Carmarthen JourmL 

July 20. At Bronwhylfi^ near St. Aaapli» 
aeed 22, Louisa*Anne, wifii of liwrt. eol. 
Browne, K. C. B. dan. of Rer. Dr. Gf^y 
Prebendary of Durham and Chidieeter. 

July 16. At Dandaff Coort, aged 71 f the 
relict of late Walter Coffin, eaq. ead nieee of 
the celebrated Dr. Price. 

Scotland.— 4pn2 24. AtHaOmleyBoB* 
burghshire, aged 24, Alex. John WilHMiy 
esq. Member of the Inner Temple^ onlf aoii 
of John Wilson, esq. of Hallnue. 

June 26. At her ratber^s, at DnoeihafttaBt 
near Glasgow, Mary, wife of John H oi ro dka^ 
esq. of Tilly-chewan, Dnmbartonahiro. 

July 23. Aged 69, Jamea Juatiee, ea^of 
Justice Hall, co. Berwick, gfaadaon of Sb 
James Justice, of Criofaton,. and ton of' Jee. 
Jusiioe> esq. of Criehloii and Julio* Hall. 



in A* 



VHaiXy BMI itf Markltlltt-A-tUlrlceU, «c.— Coxol Shorts. Iff 

K.mM thA ImI htk nirie ol iiili telly. Mid emtleDiBa. The bfoibar and tirter 

* estates ia Soothatf einw ilnise the Loighras Abbey. 

At Dublin, advsooed in yssfs, Josepk 
Jwmeton, esq. son of the late Rev. TboiMi 
Jameson, Rector of Egremont, Cnmberlaad, 
Kbe's Coonsel, and one of the Bemns of the 
Excbeqner. He was fitther of the Iri^ Bar. 



lufgnofQaaanMaiy. The late' Jaaiies Jtas- 
jlioa esq, has left ao onfy daa^Her. 
. laxLAVD.— At Beeoh-hin, Sahina, daagh- 
ter of Baraaid Mahon» esq. and widiin the 
'saagia hoor» DoBttkn, yoongest smi of the 






BILL OF MORTALITY, from July 23, to Aug. 19, 1893. 



duristened* 
Males « 692 
Famales - 694 



} 



1886 



. Buried. 
Mslas - 517 

Females- 446 



WhfRiof hm died under two years old 
Salt6«»par|iiiahel3 ijd per pound. 




Sand 5 
5 and 10 
10 and SO 
SO and 80 
80 and 40 
40 and 50 



75 
87 
44 

80 

84' 

9S 



50 snd 60 
60 and 70 
70 and 80 
80 and 90 
90 and 100 



71 
77 
67 
t9 

T 



QVMCrSBhY AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importation* 

from the Returns ending Aug. 16. 



..Wheat. Barley. Oats. Rye. Beans. Pc 

Ai dL $• d» s» dm s, d* s, d, s, d, 
89 9 8S 9 S4 6 86 8 83 5 86 1 

mCS OF FLOUR, per Sack, Aug.*S5, 60$. to 55«. 

AVERAGE FRIGE of SUGAR, Aug. 90, 80s. lid. per cwt. 

raiCB OF HOPS, IN THE BOROUGH MARKET, Aug. S5. 



KentBM.. 

Yaarlnig...... 



81. lOt. to 9/. 05. 
61. as. to 6L 10s. 
81. 55. to 6Z. 05. 



Kent Pockets ;... 52. 1S5. li 11/. 05* 

Sussex Ditto 52. 55. to SL 85. 

Essex Ditto 6l. 55. to 84 85. 



' Famhsm, fine, 82. 85. to ISZ. 125. 

I PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, Aug. S5. 

St. JaihesV, Hay 52. 1 65. Straw SZ. 55. Od. Clover 62. 05. 0^. — ^Whitechapel, Hay 52. 1 55. Od. 
Statm S2. 45. Od. Clover 62. 6s. Od. — Smithfield, Hay 52. 1 55. Straw 32. 6s. Od. Clover 61. Os. Od, 

SMITHFIELD, Aug. 25. To sink the OffiJ— per stone of Slbs. 

35. 



4d. to 35. 10^. Lamb 45. Od. to 45. 8(2. 

'Mmtton 35. 4d. to 45. 0^. Head of Cattle at Market Aug. 25 : 

Vaal • 45. 0(2. to 45. 10(2. Beasts 2447 Calves 320. 

Pofk 45. Od. to 5s. Od. Sheepand Lambs. 23,650 Pigs 250. 

COALS, Aug. 25 : Newcastle, 385. 6d. to 435. 9(2. — Sunderland, 385. Od. to 455. Od, 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 445. Od. Yellow Russia 405. Oc2. 

B0AP, Yellow 725. Mottled 805. Curd 845.— CANDLES, 85. 6d. perDoz. Moulds t05.0<2. 



' ' THE miCES of Navigable Canal Shares, Dock Stocks, Water Works, Firs 
IifSURAHCB, and Oas Lioht Shares, (to the 25th of August, 1823), at the Office of Mr. 
M. Raine, (successor to the late Mr. Scott), 28, New Bridge-street, Blackfiriars, Lon- 
don. — Grrand Trunk Canal, 21002. Div. 752. per annum. — Leeds and Liverpool Canal, 3722. 
3762. and 3802. (by auction) Div. 122. per annum. — Coventry Canal, 11002. Div. 442. per 
annum.— Birmingham Canal (divided Shares), 3102. 3152. Div. 122. per annum. — 
Warwick and Birmingham, 2302. Div. 112. per annum. — ^Neath, 3152. with Div. 132. 
payable 1st of August and Ist of November. — Swansea, 1902. with Div. lOZ. due Ist of 
November. — ^Monmoutht 1762. Div. 92. per annum. — ^Brecon and Abergavenny, 1002. ex 
Div. 52. — Grand Junction, 2542. Div. 102. per. annum. — Old Union, 762. Div. 42. per 
per annum. — Rochdale, 842. Div. 32. per annum. — Ellesmere, 652. Div. 32. per annum.—- 
Regent's 412. 105. — ^Thames and Med way, 222. — Portsmouth and Arundel, 252. — Severn 
an<r Wye Railway and Canal, 322. Div. 12. 125. per annum. — ^Lancaster, 272. Div. 12. per 
annum. — Worcester and Birmingham, 322. Div. 12. per annum. — Kennet and Avon, 212. 
Div. 175. per annum.— -West India Dock Stock, 1852. Div. 102. per annum. — London Dock 
Stock, 1182. IMr; 42. 105. per annum. — Globe Assurance, 1582. 1602. Div. 72. per annum. 
— ^Imperial Ditto, 1212. with Div. 52.— Atlas Ditto, 52. 55.— Hope Ditto, 42. 75. — Rock 
Life Assurance, 22. 185. — ^East London Water Works, 1]82. ex half-year's Div. tl,-^ 
Westminster Gas Light and Coke Company, 782. Div. 42. per annum.'— London Insdtut^oU) 
maui Sharas> t82^Riiisell Ditto, 92. 9s, 

METXIO' 



t !« ) 

METEOUOLOOICAL DIARY, tt W. CARV, SrxaD. 
Fnm Jult/ S7, la AuguU at, ises, btlh incbuiee. 



Fihrenhrit'. Therm 












■S-2 

Si 


if 


1 


o 

11 


,m. pta. 


Weither. 


•8 -a 


:i 


1 




::i:. «-*-• 


July 




» 








^"f- 


•> 


T~ 


"^ 




S7 




64 






cloudy 




64 


76 


68 


8O,0lLr 


SB 


57 


68 


60 






foKgy 


13 


67 




fit 


!9, 83fiui 


39 


60 


64 






SO&ir 






64 




.SOclondj 
.85 .ho™. 


30 


60 


67 






B9:Wr 










lut 


Is 


69- 


S7 


{80 


I7|fi.ir 


17 


87 


66 
66 


SI 
53 


, 54 .hoitttj 
.98Ur 








63 








56 


64 


63 


, 99 clomh 


S 






«l 


89 






66 




59 


.gsru' 




eo 


















, 95 bit 




eo 


m 






Sijfiw' 






68 




,94Ur 












89&ir 








60 


> 7»TMB 




66 










?3 


60 


6S 


64 


,93,&ir ^ 




56 


6S 


65 
S4 


30 


87 iliowerj 
15 min '''' 


25 


6« 


68 


S4 






64 


63 














SO, O&nin 


11 


66 


74 


63 




10 


cloudy 










1 



DAiLY PRICE OF STOCKS, 

From July is, to AugmtiE, I8i3, loth indutive. 



16 BS^. 

10 tB^. 
97Sain!. 
IBSOfB. 
UMpM, 

soasfou 
. saaspn. 



issafB. 

Boaif^. 

3083(0. 



RICHARDSON, OOODLUCK, ud Co. 104, Comer of Buk-bnOitli^i, CmoUO. 



[ 194 3 

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



Mr.Nicholsy who b editing King James's 
Progresses, would be exceedingly obliged to 
any Gentleman who could fiivournim with tha 
loon of a Masque performed at Court on St. 
John's Day, 1604, to celebrate the Marriage 
of Sir Philip Herbert. It shall be speedily and 
8a£ely returned. 

The Collections for the History op 
Staffordshire, by Huntbach, Loxdale, 
Wilkes, Feilde, Blore, Pecge, and Shaw, 
with the copper-plates of the latter's pub- 
lished work, and nearly thirty which were 
prepared for the continuation, are in the 
possession of Wm. Hamper, esq. of Bir- 
mingham; whose literary amusements are, 
we believe, chiefly directed to the elucida- 
tion of Warwickshire Topography. — To 
that gentleman we beg to refer << the Druid 
in London," who enquires about the Staf- 
fordshire Collections, &c 

£. F. in reference to X.'s inquiry relative 
to the tolling of the Curfew (Part i. p. 58S), 
says, << I believe he will find that this cus- 
tom is still preserved in many towns and 
villages in England. I can speak with cer- 
tainty with regard to the town of Warwick, 
where the bell of St. Mary's magnificent 
tower re^arly sounds at eight o'clock ; and 
the inhabitants of that place are liot likely 
to be deprived of the benefit which may 
arise from the practice, if it be true, as is 
reported, that a sum of money for a louder 
bell was given by a fitrmer who was guided 
to the town by the welcome sound on a 
winter night, wnen he had lost his way." 

Y. S. in allusion to Lord Leigh (Part i. 
p. 3S6), states, that " Mr. Leigh of Addle- 
strop, CO. Gloucester, descended from an 
uncle of the first Lord Leigh of Stoneleigh, 
enjoys that Peer's large estate, under the 
words of his will, as ' next of the name and 
blood of Leigh,' which was interpreted to 
be < the nearest in blood, who was of the 
male line,' and which, by a mixed ccmstruc- 
tion, gave it first to his uncle, the surviving 
younger brother of his father. It cannot 
be doubted that Lord Leigh meant his next 
Heir male. How happens it that 87 years 
ago, or afterwards, any nearer male heir did 
not make an effort for this great prize, while 
it was contending so many years in Chancery? " 

In our Obituary (Part i. p. 570) it is stated 
that the late C. S. Lefevre, esq. << lost his 
election for Reading in 1 820, since which 
he has not sat in Parliament." In reference 
to this observation, a Constant Reader in- 
forms us, that '< nothing but indisposition, 
and a constitution debilitated by frequent 
attacks of gout (which rendered him totdly 
unequal to the performance of his Parlia- 
mentary duties), would ever have induced 
him to resign his pretensions to the fitvour 
of his constituents, at the general election of 



1 890 ; but nothing but his own ToIuDtary r«- 
sienati(m would have broken that oonnection 
which had subsisted for ao lone a period, to 
the honour and advantage of ootn partaet. 
An accurate memoir of Mr. haSene appear- 
ed in the Reading Mercury of May 6. 

G. W. L. observes, ** The erection of 
a new Museum, among other vhoh !»• 
been proposed, on account of the pfesent 
state of Montagu House, which, ncving 
stood nearly a century and a hal^ is beoome 
unfit to undergo a reparation ; but I eer* 
tainly regret the non-completion, Ibr ^bSa 
purpose, of that ornament to our me- 
tropolis, Somerset Place, whieh, - to the 
disgrace of a wealthy nation, haa fiir ao 
long a time remained unfinished I Mr. Ba- 
retti, in his Guide through the Rojel Aoft- 
demy, informs us, that this atmotove «ae 
intended, by the late * Mr. Burke, and vn- 
rious other men of taste in Farliaipent, to be 
an object of national aiendauT/ Sorely, 
then, it ought to be niacie perfect \ at least, 
the magnifioent front feeing. the Thaaee, 
wMch, coining under daily cc^niaaoce from 
Waterloo Bridge, offends every eye of tmte 
by its incomplete appearance." 

J. M. says, «< Your CorrespondnA N. R. 
S. has fellen into an error, in deeeribing die' 
« Three Hats Public Hoose, . and other 
houses (p. lis), as being tituale: in' dm 
parish of Islington;" they are in that of St. 
James, Clerkenwell, which will aoooo^ to 
him for its not having been notioed in '*Nel« 
son's Islington." 

In the pedigree of Carter, in the last Vi- 
sitation of Cornwall, John Newman ie etated 
to have married *< dangfater of — 

Trafford of Lancashire." Honor NemoaD, 
the daughter of this match, mairied John 
Carter of St. Colombo in Cornwall, and had 
a erandson aged about 95 in ltf90. Cuovaa 
wQl feel obliged if any of oor imartfire will 
refer him to any pedij^ree of tlie aaid John 
Newman, and also by being informed of the 
Christian name of the fewer,. and. a aihu 
name of the mother of hia wife, tlw aiioeo 
mentioned *< ■ daughter of — ^ TVtf> 
ford." In no pedigree of Traffiml oan ha 
find such an sJliance noticed; the dataa 
a^ee with her being El^anoTf dan^ghter of 
Sir Edmimd Trafforq, by Anne, 4fmghltr of 
Sir Alexander Ratcliffe, who b named in 
Harl. MSS. 3086, fmd m other oopim of 
the Visitations of Lancashire, bat to whom 
no husband is assignedi 

A Correspondent solidtt ** any apedfiea- 
tions attainable, or probaUy recovmaUe, 
relative to John €h»oar FenUnand de Bfar- 
chin. Count de Graville, etated in all pant- 
ed authorities to have ei^Joyed die proud 
distinction of the EogUph uarter, oonmed 
on bun hj Charles iC" 



THJbi 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE^ 



SEPTEMBER, 1823. 



ORIOZNAIi COIOEUNZCATIONS^ 



Cause of the Death of Richard II. examined. 



Mr. Urban, Sept I, 

THE translation of a French Me- 
trical History of the deposition 
of Richard the Second, lately publish- 
ed in the 20th Volume of the •' Archae- 
loffia," by the Rev. John Webb, and 
which that gentleman has rendered 
still more interesting by the copious 
notes with which it is illustrated, has 
doubtlessly excited the gratitude of those 
who are capable of appreciating the 
value of such an acquisition to the 
History of this Country, or of estimat- 
ing the talents and zeal which Mr. 
Webb has bestowed on it. 

Few points of English History are 
so unsettled as the manner in which 
Richard the Second actually died, and 
I have consequently been happy to see 
it so ably canvassed both by Mr. Webb 
and Mr. Amyot *, but notwithstand- 
ing their exertions, it is, from the con- 
tradictory statements of the different 
writers on that period, still open to 
conjecture. 

*rhe object of this letter is, how- 
ever, to consider the question in a dif- 
ferent way from that adopted by these 
intelligent antiquaries; by inquiring 
to what extent the causes to which 
Richard's demise have been assigned, 
are supported, or rendered improbable, 
on comparing the precise time when 
it took place, with the dates of some 
of the principal political events which 
immediately preceded it. So entirely 
has this been omitted by the gentle- 
men to whom the public is so much 
indebted, that even the day on which 
that unhappy Prince closed his exist- 
ence is scarcely mentioned, and hence 
1 imagine that neither of them thought 
it of the least importance to their argu- 
ments ; I^ on the contrary, am induced 
to consider that it affords, if not the 
surest criterion we possess by which to 

^ Archaiologia, p. 429> et 8«q. 



judge of Henry IV.'s motives, feelings, 
and conduct, relative to the life of nts 
rival, at least as good a one as remains 
to us. 

In examining this subject in the 
manner to which I shall chiefly con- 
fine myself, I must, I fear, trespass on 
your pages at some length, as it is ne- 
cessary I should occasionally follow 
the footsteps of Mr. Webb and Mr. 
Amyot ; but whilst I confess my pre- 
sumption in supposing that i can 
throw any light on a "point which has 
been discussed by two such distinguish- 
ed Members of the Society of Antiqua- 
ries, I am, nevertheless, persuaded that 
as they are aware temperate disquisition 
is the only means of eliciting truth, 
-they will not be displeased at seeing 
the subject agitated on somewhat dif- 
ferent grounds, by one, who assures 
them he does so with the feelings of a 
coadjutor, and who, like themselves, 
IS actuated by no other motive than a 
wish to form a just conclusion on a 
question so important to every person 
who interests himself in the liistory 
of his Country. 

The three causes to which Richard's 
death have been attributed are the fol- 
lowing : 

1st. Assassination by Sir Piers Ex- 
ton f- 

2ndly. Grief, and voluntary absti- 
nence J. 

Srd. Starvation by his keepers §. 

Each of these statements rest on 
several authorities, which, though by 

t Fabian, Hall, Hayward, MS. Ainbas- 
sades, and most of the other MSS. in Bibl. 
du Roy at Paris, Le Laboureur, Hist. 
Charles VI. 

X Walsingham, Otterbume, the Monk 
of Evesham, Creton Bibl. da Roy 10. 212, 
&C. to which Mr. Amyot inclines. 

§ Hardy ng, Fnrtescxte, Petrus de Ickham> 
&c. in which Mr. VVebb appears disposed to 
coincide. 

no 



196 



Cause of the Death tfiAchard IL examined. 



[Sept. 



no means of eijual value, are never- 
theless of efficient weight to prevent 
our yielding implicit credit to either, 
and to maKe us wish for additional 
testimony : as it is rather to he desired 
than expected that some evidence 
should be discovered of such undeni- 
able authenticity, that all doubt might 
be removed, we must endeavour to 
form a true opinion of the point from 
whatever presumptive proof we pos- 
sess, and the best in my estimation 
which is available for the purpose, is 
that which I am about to investigate. 

The MS. Ambassades* states tlie 
following events to have occurred on 
the days assigned ; and as the dates, as 
well as such facts as I shall extract 
from it, are uncontradicted in any 
material degree by other writers, as 
they are strictly consonant to proba- 
bility, and as they are supported by 
the testimony of many authorities, I 
trust no objections can be made to my 
considering them correct. The plot 
to restore Kichard to the throne was, 
it informs us, planned on the 18th of 
December, 1399, and we are told that 
a petition was presented by the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, the Duke of 
York, and others, on the 1st of Janu- 
ary following to put Richard to death. 
With respect to this petition, I am in- 
clined to agree in Mr. Webb's view 
of it't'y namely, that the assertion is 
either erroneous, or, what is more pro- 
bable, that it was a petition from the 
same persons who solicited Henry to 
that effect a short time before. One 
consideration must not, however, be 
lost sight of, which is, that if such a 
petition was actually presented, and 
the absence of corroborating testimony 
by no means puts the fact oeyond be- 
lief, Henry's reply must be admitted 
as establishing two points, — that he 
had then no mtentioii of putting the 
deposed Prince to death, and that it 
was only in case of an insurrection in 



his favouff tiifti hi^ life wis to be for« 
felted. The omls^oA of i^ notice 
of such a conditional promise in the 
Rolls |, when contrasted with the 
creat probability of a menace of 
uiat sort being held out to intimidate 
his friends, must not induce ui too 
hastily to conclude that the engage- 
ment between Henry and the Parlia- 
ment relative to Hicfaardf was con- 
fined to what is recorded. It is, 
however, sufficient for my purpose to 
notice the likelihood that Henry's 
reply, contained the resd terms on 
which he had promised to preserveiiis 
prisoner's life, without entering intt 
a longer discussion of the sulnect. 
The conspiracy appears to have been 
unnoticed by the Government until 
the first Sunday in JanuarVv l^d^-* 
1400, which I consider to nave oeen 
the 4th of that month &, When the 
Duke of York accidentally became in- 
formed of it, from a letter addressed to 
his son, the Duke of Aumarle, who 
was somewhat concerned ||. He im- 
mediately hastened to Windsor, to ac- 
quaint the King of the proceedings ot 
Richard's party, and Henrv instantly 
set off for town, and reached Lon- 
don at hine o'clock the same nielit* 
"The next morning,'* evidently Mon- 
day January 6th, " the King set ont 
to meet his enemies with di^V B6 
lances, and 6000 archers, arid oiaw* 
ing up his men without the city, 
waited three hours for his reinforce* 
ments; here he was reproached by the 
Earl of Warwick for his lenity, which 
had brought him into this dan^; 
but he vindicated himself for hb past 
conduct, adding, that if he shouM 
meet Richard now, one of them should 
die. Then he sent back the Mayor 
of London, with orders that none 
should be permitted to cross the aei 
to carry intelligence of these disturb- 
ances to foreig;n parts, and he du^ 
patched Sir Piers Exion to rid kim 



* ArchsBologIa, P* 217, note o. t Ibid. p. 217, note <>— *. J IWd. p. £18, note \ 

§ The Lords of Richard's party met at Windsor on the 9ncl of January, and Htnrf w 

learn was apprised of their attempt on the^r^^ Sunday following, which^ as he itsaed Us 

order for the arrest of part of the conspirators (Arch. p. SI 4, note H on ihajftk, 



have been either the third or fourth ; but from the usual vigour of that Prince's actions, aiid 
the probability that he adopted iimnediate metoures for suppressing the conspiradt, 1 Mi 
'nclined to consider that he was informed of it only the day oefore, i.e. on tfae'fiyMvif 

it It is right that I should notice that Mr. Webb (p. Sll, note <l)'thin1n thu^iacAp 
ion of Auhiarte's disclosure of the conspifacy not so probable as that in tbe'MUl. *df 'CM 



tion of Auhiafle's disclosure of the conspifacy not so probable as that in tbe'MS. -df 'GM^ 
ton, which makes Vim carry the letter « straight to the old Duke hls'^ther." ^Mr.'Wefe^ 
also considers it unlikely, from the age and habits of this Duke of Yorii, thut Ho AlnMvitl 
HinmedUtely to Windsor. The importance of the obiect might Incve gtroB-> ilf s affl b Ji s nt 
stimulue to extraordinary exertion to prevent our distflditlDg it. It diiiuli, HSw^lHt, no 
wtt of difference to my argument how Henry waa first informed of the atttmpt to ililMOm 
kim. 

If 



18«Si] Caui§ of the Death of Rit^atd JI. examined. 



i9!r 



of his rival, which he executed in the 
manner commonly related*.** 

Thus it appears that Henry's order to 
Exton was issued when, if ever a com- 
mand of that nature can be expected or 
palliated, it is undersuch circumstances, 
and at so important a crisis. A re- 
bellion to place Richard on the thront, 
fed by the deposed Monarch's half- 
brother, and supported by several of 
the chieCnobility, had been organized 
for severed weeks. Above eight thou- 
sknd men, well armed, were at that 
instant in the field, whilst Henry's 
forces did not, until reinforced by 
Lord Fitz-Walter, exceed six thou- 
sand. That he was not disposed to 
think lightly of the attempt to de- 
throne hrm, is evident from his in- 
stantly putting himself at the head of 
his army, and from his taking measures 
to prevent intelligence of the attempt 
Teaching the French Court ; for his 
fears were apparently excited, lest 
the King of France should send suc- 
cours to the cause of his son-iu-law. 
Not only was Henry, at the time 
!iivhen he is considered to have des- 
patched Exton, inferior in physical 
strength, but he must have been 
visited by compunctious reflections 
from that " which makes cowards 
of us all," and have felt by no means 
satisfied of the security of the throne 
"which he had so recently, and by 
such violent means, ascended. It 
would perhaps be difficult to find any 
event which more imperiously de- 
manded vigorous and prompt con- 
duct than Henry's situatioii required : 
every consideration of political neces- 
sity and self-interest must have pointed 
out "to him one course which would 
eflfectually remove the dangers with 
which he was threatened ; and Henry's 
decided character, the urgent neces- 
sity of such an act, the immense ef- 
fect which it would produce, together 
with the temper of the times, com- 
bine to persuaae us of the great pro- 
•bability of his following that course, 
by resolving instantly to destroy a rival 
^who was the cause of so formidable 
an effort to wrench the sceptre from 
his hand, and thus at once to strike 
-Ksehard's followers with confution 
Atid dismay. The probable result of 
"Bitch IddiAcements, acting on a mind 
tihich had often evinced blit little set d- 
)^le about the meana of attaining its 
"^tvishes, together with such cOiSduct 
— ' - ■■ ■ I I I ■ , .. p. 

* Archseologia, p. S19> note. 



being imputed to him by'ino're ihai^ 
one historian, fully convinces me that 
the MS. Ambassades is cbrrect, not 
only as to the fact of Henry's haviuz 
on the 5f h of January ordered Richafa 
to be assassinated, but that it is also 
accurate in spying that he issued his 
commands before the reinforcements 
of Fitz-Walter arrived. Hence the con- 
clusion which I have formed on Che 
first cause to which Richard's death 
has been assigned, is, that Henry ac- 
tually gave directions, or in other 
w^oras, despatched Sir Piers Exton on 
the fifth of January" to Pom fret Cas- 
tle, with instructions to put an imme- 
diate end to that Prince*s existence 5 
but for the following reasons, I con- 
sider that the order was countermandelf 
in sufficient time to prevent its exe- 
cution. 

We are informed thatit wason the5t1i 
of January that Exton was sent on his 
murderous errancl, and it would be in 
the teeth of every rational conjecttfre, 
were we not to consider, that he wafS 
commanded to be expeditious in hf? 
journey, and to execute, his commis- 
sion as speedily as possible. The dis- 
tance of Pom fret Castle from London 
is not more than 180 miles'^ hence, 
only allowing Exton to liave travelled 
25 miles a day^ he woiild have reacheo 
it within a week. This cailculation 
renders it certain that he . must liavip 
arrived at the place of Richard's con- 
finement on the 12th or 13th of Ja- 
nuary. It is asserted by every autho- 
rity we possess, and I beneve historians 
have admitted it as an incontrovertible 
fact, that Richard did not close hts 
mortal career until the 1 3th or 14th 
of February f. In what way then are 
we to account for the delay of thirty- 
one 6t thirty- two days, which evi- 
dently elapsed betVveen that on which . 
Exton must have reached Pomfret, and 
the day on which Richard died ? If, 
as I strenuously contend, the peculiar 
cumstances in which Henry was placed 
on the 5th of January, caused him to 
order his prisoner to be murdered, we 
may be assured that Henry*s object 
was his immediate destruction, because 
his interest would not have been in 
any shape benefited by permitting 
him to live a day longer than he was 
obliged by ihe distance of Pomfret 
'from the Metropolis. Is it then \ike\j, 

t Valeaifaie's dsy is geiMgraihr namtd, bnt 
one or two wiitin tiale Ricmodto kat» 
died on the 18th. 

that 



198 



Cause of the Death of Richard 11. explained. 



[Sept. 



that Exton received orders to proceed 
to Pomfret to assassinate Richard, but 
to wait a month before he put him to 
death? or can we believe that if he 
was commissioned to deprive the de- 
posed Monarch of his life without an 
flour's unnecessary delay, he would of 
his own accord refrain from doing so 
for above four weeks after he reached 
the place where his victim was con- 
fined? Indeed so highly improbable 
are both these cases, one of which 
must have occurred, if Exton actually 
murdered Richard in consequence of 
orders given by Henry on the dth of 
January, that we may, I think, 
fairly reject the first cause to which 
Richard s death has been imputed ; and, 
relying only on the evidence so clearly 
deducible from a comparison of dates, 
acquit Exton of the crime of which 
he nas been so long accused. 

Although in the conclusion which 
I have formed relative to Exton's as- 
sassination of Richard, I have princi- 
pally relied on the argument which 
1 have adopted, still 1 shall take ad- 
vantage of the positive testimony 
which Mr. Gough s and Mr. King s 
examination of that Prince's skull 
affords me to substantiate my opi- 
nion *. It is manifest, from the per- 
fect state in which it was found, 
that at least one part of the story in 
which Exton is concerned is false, and 
I may, I think, as is generally done 
when any part of a narrative is found 
erroneous, doubt the other parts ; and 
if they be rendered at all unlikely by 
comparing them with positive facts, 
allow the circumstance of one part 
being clearly disproved to affect the 
credibility of whatever may rest on the 
same autnority — and I confidently ap- 
peal to your readers, Mr. Urban, whe- 
ther the inferences which I have drawn 
from the 5th of January and 14th of 
February, do not render the idea of 
Richard being murdered in conse- 
Quence of an order issued by Henry on 
the former of those days extremely 
improbable; and whether, when it is 
coupled with the anecdote of Richard's 
skull, I am not justified in altogether 
rejecting it? How far it is likely that 
Henry commanded Exton to put Ri- 
charcf to death on a day so long sub- 
sequent to the 15th of January, as to 
agttc with that event taking place on 
the 13 th or 14th of February, I in- 

* Referred to by Mr. Webb and Mr. 
AxDjott. Archseol. pp. S84 and 4S8. 



tend considering when I offer my com- 
ments on the third cause to which it 
has been assigned ; biit before I con- 
clude my observations on Richard's 
murder by Exton, I shall endeavour 
to explain my opinion that an order 
to that effect was given' by Henry, 
but countermanded sufficiently soon 
to prevent its execution. I nope I 
have not been understood to assert 
that Richard's not dying immediateUf 
after a sufficient time is allowed for 
Extou's reaching Pomfret, is conclu- 
sive evidence against his being assas- 
sinated by him ; but it is my argument 
that so great a difference as forty days 
between the issuing of the order and 
the time when it is supposed to have 
been executed, justifies our considering 
that it was contradicted. Had Richard 
died within a fortnight after Henry 
is said to have dispatched Exton, and 
which is surely tne utmost time to 
be allowed a messenger to travel about 
174 miles, and to murder a help- 
less prisoner, I should have been 
much inclined to attribute Richard's 
demise to the hand of Sir Piers Exton : 
we may imagine that a delay of three 
or four days might, from some acci- 
dent, have occurred to prevent Henry's 
command being carried into effect af- 
ter his instrument reached die place 
where Richard was imprisoned, but 
we cannot reasonably suppose that any 
obstacle presented itself to produce a 
further postponement. If Henry, and, 
which is not im\x>ssible, when he was 
reinforced by Lord Fitz- Walter and 
the Earl of Arundel, from finding his 
great superiority to the conspirators, 
and the facility with which they might 
be crushed, repented his fatal resola- 
tion towards Richard, and counter- 
manded the order for his death, a mes- 
senger might easily have overtaken 
Exton, because, even had he set off on 
his jouniey, he could not have been 
many miles distant. But, and which 
is a more rational conjecture, if Heniy 
did not change hb cruel purpose un- 
til his enemies were dispersed, we may 
without the least difnculty believe, 
that a messenger charged with an or- 
der to preserve Richard, might have 
reached Pomfret before Exton, espe- 
cially when we allow for the some- 
what nearer distance 'between Ciren- 
cester or Oxford ^n which nej^i- 
bourhood Henry evidently was when 
Surrey and Salisbury were killed- 1)» 
and Pomfret, than between Pomfret 

and 



.i^h 



BO^tAStbmtS^.ikt wikH Poor at Xia^i i# 

the 4M):ii'of SoTKjai^ hbotho^Qi^ridi, 
^» sforV Mui liicti n>*^ of bo^ 
mui;a/icniied from. Heniy the SMoadi 
obsnirftlion, whtctt pnidneed the mill 
of the celebrated Archlu^ap Be(ik£ 
tlist If it CTen retted on better >utlM»> 
ri^, thi* ttriking limilari^ wooU e^ 
pose it to neat tiMpicion. 

Here uien I tball condnde tm. 
armament on the fint caiue to wMen 
Richard's death bai been auwoed, 
and I trust I have incceeded in taew^ 
iug that few things itat more firmn 
on . prcaumptiTe evidence than '^u 
Henrj commanded his rirafa iiwii 
diaie dttlruction, wheti it wai Kt 
cjeariy his interest to remove hiip ; 
end that the conjecture I have bf- 
iarded that he recalled bis iatal roan- 
date, is perfectly reconcileable both 
in point of time and probability wi|h 
every other circumstance coiUMeted 
with this interesting qnotjon. 

Yours, Sec. Cliovai. 

fTo le eontiiuKd.} 



UnSHDED CHDBCH FOE THE WELCH POOR AT UVBIVOfH,'. 



Mr. UrBAM, 



Sept. i 



making at Liverpool for the es- 
tablishment of a place of wnrahip for 
the Welch cesidenU in that populous 
borough will meet with deserved suc- 
cess. As it appears frotn the communi" 
cation of your intelligent Correspond- 
ent, "S.R." that one fourth part of 
the money requisite for the erection of 
ihe intended Church is all that has 

* Ttig abore 



yet been received, I hooe that his ani- 
mated appeal to the feelings of Chiis< 
tians, especially to those of the Etta- 

blished Church, wHI indue 

who really desires to s 



Goepel 

ciples instilled into the minds of the 
poorer classes, to contribute most libe- 
rally in the first place towards the es- 
tablishment of a Church for tiie Welch 
in Liverpool, and afterwards to the 
establishment of similar Chiirche* in 
every part of tlie Kingdom where num- 
bers of Welch people reside. I there- 
fore venture to suggest to the Liverjwol 
Society 



^00 Intended Church for the Welch Poor at Liverpool. [SepU 

Society the propriety of making public up their children " in the nurture and 
through the Metropolis the names of admonition of the Lord;'* they will 
the persons who receive subscriptions then be comforted in sorrow and con- 
in London for this truly laudable pur- soled in affliction ; be made virtuous in 
pose. this world, and taught to look forward 

1 am afraid that the Liverpool So- with humble, but well-assured hope 

ciety will not meet with success in and confidence to that glorious immor- 

their application to the Society for pro- tallty which God has promised to be- 

motin^ and enlarging the building of stow upon the virtuous and the good; 

Churcnes, on account of the service to hope to attain that eternity of bless- 

of their intended Church being ncces- edness, the very desire of which dis- 

sarily in the Welch Language, and tinguiiihes the children of men from 

therefore not providing places for the the *' beasts of the forest" 
attendance of an additional number of Will the Christian withhold his aid 

English people, which I understand from a purpose so beneficial as this? 

is the principal object of that Society to While Christian Missionaries are found 

promote. Should, however, the mem- between the burning tropics, or nigh 

bers of that Society refuse their assist- the frozen poles, supported by Bri- 

ance upon this ground, I am certain tish charity, shall our land be alone 

that many of them will cheerfully con- neglected? or while the Gospel is 

tribute towards the accomplishment of preached to the gipsies, shall tne an- 

an object so entirely in unison with cient Briton alone be left without reli- 

thcir own, — that of providing places of gious knowledge, or suffered to become . 

worship for the poor, and thus circu- the prey of the gloomy fanatic, theself- 

lating the principles of Christianity, righteous sectarian, or the avowed de- 

and the doctrines of the Established spiser of God*s Holy Law ? Can webe- 

Church. lieve that man's professions of belief 

Ifa general Society were established in Christ Jesus to be sincere, who 
for the purpose of providing the na- will refuse to lend his assistance to- 
tives of the Principality, resident in wards preserving these his fellow- 
England, with places of worship and subjects from vice and ignorance, with 
ministers, a fund fully sufficient for all their hateful consequences ? Will 
the objects of such a society might he, who bestows a part of his substance 
soon be obtained. Liberal donations to convert the distant heathen to the 
would surely be bestowed in the first knowledge of his Creator and Re- 
instance by those who have the reli- deemer, to diffuse religion throughout 
gious welnure of the Cambrians at the whole world, to disseminate the 
heart ; annual subscriptions would be Scriptures, " to reclaim the vicious, 
found ; and it need not be doubted that and confirm the good,"^will he be so 
the Clergymen of the Established careless of his duty, as a citizen and a 
Church would lend their pulpits to Christian, as to suffer a portion of his 
the advocates of the Society. The larae fellow-subjects and fellow-christians to 
sum of money required to erect the be without the means of obtaining that 
places of worship would form the most knowledge which will instruct them 
serious obstacle to the success of the how to discharge their duty as men 
Society; but while we see every where and as Christians? 
around us charitable institutions, which Let every one contribute according 
require even larger capitals, flourish- to his ability towards the furtherance 
ing and prospering, surely there is no of this important object — let the nu- 
cause to despair of yet seeing a tives of Wales, who have the. power, 
Welch Church Society added to the be foremost in the work of mercy ; — 
many other institutions of charity and especially let the Nobility and Gentry 
mercy, for which our country is so fa- of^ Cambria associate tnemselves for 
mous, and thus be spared the disgrace this purpose; they will, I repeat, be 
of any longer seeing a lar^e portion of soon joined by many well-wishers to 
our fellow-subjects excluded from any the cause of the Established Church, 
opportunity of worshipping their Cre- and of Christianity — ^by all who really 
ator, of learning his will, of hearing and sincerely desire to see religion 
what rewards he has promised to the flourish — who wish to enlarge the 
righteous, or what punishments he has Kingdom of Christ, and who desire 
denounced against the wicked ; they the increase of righteousness and hop- 
will then have the power of bringing pincss. Ap. R. Ar. H. 

Mr. 



18S3.J 



The Grtp l^iart, Hkhmonil, Yorkihire. 



901 



Hi, U>«av, Sept. S. 

IN jter Mogaiine ftc 18Z8 (vol. 
KCU, i. 6e3), jaa fatoared iis wiih 
a brief notioeat the Mcond edition of 
Clarkaon'g Hiil4i]r of Richmond in 
YorlE^ire, a'.woric lO full of informa- 
tion, ltut'(a*.a celebnted hisiorian of 
the plBMntA|Tha« truly laid), "no li- 
brary is VKkthire can b« reckoned 
complctt-withoal a copy. It will be 
a book, of iMference aad authority as 
long ai.'t)ie- Swale natbcs the walls of 
the dd CaaOe of Richmond." So de- 
lighted iin I with the work, ttiat 1 al- 
ways take it npwidi pleasure, aiidlinri 
I the author's in- 
'EBsion, and Inde- 
Thinking that a 
idlisliments and 
:eplable to your 
Mcription of the 
copper- plate en- 
2I4>, which, at 
IT has kindly per- 



af Richmond, to celebrate divine ser- 
vice in their church during one year, 
for his own soul and for the soul a of 
all the faithful departed. Robert Dale, 
alias Flesher', of Great Fencote, a- 
mong other legacies, leaves on the 15th 
of April, 1470, five shillings to these 
Friars. And John Trollop of Thome- 
lawe, in the county of Durham, who 
died ig Not. 1477, bequeathed by hit 
will, dated Oct. 30, 1476, to these 
Friars twenty shillings. 

Though screened by its poverty from 
the japacious hands of Henry VIII, 
on his first attempt at the dissolution 
of religious houses, it was included in 
his last order, and was surrendered 
the igth of Jan. 1538, 30 Hen. VIIL 
by Robert Sanderson, the last prior, 
and fourteen brelhrens. This house, 
according 



niited a 



othe 



custody of Ralph Gnwer and Richard 
Crosby, to whom were delivered for 
safe keeping all the ornaments, plale, 
, jewels, chaitels, seal of the house, the 
ready money, household stuff, corn, 
store in the tanner's hands, &c. 8rc. 

The clear value of the possessions 
over and above the anuual reprise* 
was 3\s. 8d. which sum was thus set 
down by James ttokeby, the King's 
Auditor, now remainiac; in the Auay 
m,notionOffi„. ^ 

First. The scite of the howse of the 
saide Freres, with the edifices, one 
garthing near the utter yats, and one 
garthing adjoining unto the quere of 
the churche ther, contening in all . . . 
acres, and is worth by yearxiiij. 

Item. Ther is a waste ground lieing 
upon the esie part of the same syte, 
conteyning one acre, and is worth. 

Item. There is a grounde lying nere 
uppon the Weal syde of the scite call- 
ed the Orleverd, conteyning one acre, 
aud is worth by ycre ii>. 

Item. There is a close called the 
Frere Close, lieing inclosed within a 
stone wall, conteyning vii acres, and 
is worth by year x.xu. 

Item. Ther is a ten't lieing in Rich- 
mond in Bradgate, with edifices and 
renb by ycre, towerds the repa'cons, 

i See AppodW, No. XXXil. for the 
will) of RBlpb Fltz Ruidsl snd Robert D&le. 

3 Ste Apiwndli, Nu. XXXIII.for > copy 
of the aurreader, with the nunes of tba 
Frius thea ionislei of the housa. 

Item. 



90t 



Th§ Gfiy Friofiy Richmond, YatMi^i. 



19^. 



Item. Thertf be 11 totap adjoin- 
ing the Freres Wall, besvds Piinfald 
GrenCf now in decay for lak of rep*- 
'eon, nihil. 

■ The following account of this house 
is taken from the Harl. MSS. 604, 
which, though it does not specify the 
lands and tenements so particularly as 
•the preceding one, yet gives a full Ta- 
luation of their goods and chattels. 

The clere valew of the possessions 
over and above the annuall reprises, 
Kxxif. vmd. 

The number of the priors and bre* 
thren with the pencions, nothing, xv. 

The clere money remanynge of the 
jfearly possessions, xxi«. y\\\d» 

The stock, store, and domesticall 
stuff sold with detts received, C5. 

Rewards with porcions paid unto 
the prior, ciiif. iiiia. 

Tne remanes of the price of goods 
and catells sold, nothing, the rewards 
exceeding the receipts (gr. exced. re.) 

Lead and bells remanyng. Lead xii. 
fother. Bells iii. Woods and under- 
woods nothing. Playt and Jewells xxi 
ounz. Detts owyng unto the howse 
nodiing. Detts owyng by the howse 
nothing. 

The Grey Friars for vehemently op- 
nosing Hen. VIIL in his divorce from 
CaUiarineof Arragon, and for obstinate- 
ly refusing to acknowledge him as head 
ef the Church, or rather for refusing 
to deny the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of 
the Pope in England, had no pensions 
Idlowea them during life, as the Monks 
and Canons had, but were treated with 
great severity b}r the King. 

Burnet, in his History of the Re- 
formation «, says, ''All the difficulty 
that I find made against owning the 
King's supremacy, was at Richmond, 
by the Franciscan Friars, where the 
Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, 
and Thomas Bedyll, Archdeacon of 
Cornwall, the visitors, tendered some 
eonclusions to them, among which 
this was one. That the Pope of Rome 
has no greater jurisdiction in this king- 
dom of England hy the law of God, 
than any other foreign Bishop ; and 
they desired that the Friars would re- 
fer the matter to the four seniors of 
the house, and acquiesce in what they 
should do. To this the Friars said, 
that it toneerned their conscience, and 
therefore they would not submit it to a 
small part of their house; and they 

4 Book III. p. 189. 



added, that theu had tW9m io fdlow 
the rule of St. FranetStOndin tmit tkty 
would Hve and die, and cited a chap- 
ter of their Rule, that their Order should 
have a CartUnalfor their proteeier, htf 
whose directions they might be apierned 
in their obedience to the Holy See^, 

Many of the Franciscans eiren suf- 
fered death for the same cauae; and 
others, coupled together with chains, 
were sent to distant gaols, to end their 
da^ in misery. 

The present tower, boilt in the 
richest style of late Gothic architte- 
ture, with double buttresses at the 
angles, supporting crocketed pinnaelcs, 
was erected not long before the disso- 
lution, and is said not to have been 
finished. From this specimen, ona 
may form a very good idea what the 
rest has been. 

There are no other remains of the 
Friary still visible, except this Tower, 
the West windows of tlie South aiia, 
a small part of the North wall, and a 
few scattered foundations, appearing 
in droushty weather above the surface. 
East of it, which probably were the 
scite of the old church. In conformity 
to the general orders of Henry VIII. 
to immediately destroy the religions 
houses, its situation so near the town 
would soon accelerate its demolitioD, 
as the stones with which it was built 
could so easily be carried away for the 
erection of modem habitations. 

The founder died in 1270. Hii 
bones were buried in the choir at Co- 
verham, but his heart, enclosed in a 
leaden urn, was placed by hit orders 
in the choir of this churcn, under an 
arched recess in the wall. There were 
several of the Scropes, the Pleaseyt^ 
and the Frankes buned here. 

Leland tells us, " that at the bakka 
of the Frenchgate is the Grey Freres^ 
a little withowte the waulles. Their 
house, medow, orchard, and a litde 
wood is waulled yn. Men go from 
the market place to hit by a postern 
gate.'* 

These houses were very seldom en- 
dowed with rents and revenues. Theta 
Friars, by profession mendicants, woe 
not allowed to have any property which 
could be called their own, Init to sub- 
sist for the most part entirely upon 
daily and accidental charity. Thoi^ 

A See Appendix, No. XXXIV. ffar a let- 
ter from the Bbhop and Bedyll Io Lord 

Cromwell. 

the 



1889.} Tha Grty f^Mrt, Richmond, Vwrhhkt. 908 

the pomp of landed property was thus married Maria, the heueM of the 

zeoouoced by them, th^ never closed founder, as, instead of Or, on a chief 

their hands when a Jarse legaey was indented Azure, a lion passant of the 

left them, either through pretence of first, the arms of Randal ; a saltire, the 

supplying the necessities of the sick, shield of Neville, is placed twnoe upon 

or of clothing their brethren. As this it, one on each side of the figure of 

Order was in great esteem in England, St. Francis in the desert. Round it 

the Friars were very much trusted, is, ;&• Comuiie Ihratrum llllinonim 

and generally were employed in the Sliclhtiuntl. It was seldom that houses 

making of wills and testaments. Thus of this description were so far finished 

seasonable opportunities among the by the founders as to be capable of 

rich were not wanting to them to being^ inhabited, and of acquiring a 

prompt the dying party to acts of cha- seal, but were generally left to be comt- 

rity j and as their powers of persuasion pleted by their successors, 

at this tretnendcms hour were very great, In the 3Sd of £dw. I. a Friar of this 

they never failed to raise vast sums of house stealing some goods, and flying 

money, which enabled many of this from the monastery, the King oixieved 

Order to erect at great cost magnifi- him to be imprisoned by his writ "De 

cent and stately buildings and noble Apostata capienda," and directed that 

churches, in which several Queens he should be delivered up to the con- 

and many other great personages chose vent, to be by them punished accordi- 

to be buried, under a promise that ing to the rules of their Order, and fniv- 

prayers should be said daily for their ther commanded, that the stolen goods 

souls. According to Chaucer, should be restored. The writ is pr^ 

« Full swetely herde he confession, «erved in Rymer's Foedera, vol. IIL 

And plesont was his absolution." p. 1042*. 

Thus having nothing, they possessed . ^" "" ^^'. '? ^^« Harleian colloc. 

every thing o' j r tion^, containing an account of the 

Piers Plowman, in his Vision, a grantsof King Edward V. and Richar^ 

work of the I4th century, also says : ^^^^ ^'« '« ^*^«j^"«Jr"^^ ^"{jy '' ^ 

•' •' warrant to Creotirey r ranke, Reoeyvor 

V^V* J'®*/®' followed folice that wer ricbe, of Middleham, to content the Freres 

And folke that wer poor at liUe price they set J ^f Richemunde, with twelve marks. 

And °o w« m their kirkyard nor k.rke was ^j^ shillings and eight pence, for the 

But quirL' bequeathe them ought, or ^""y'^^r?/ ^??? masses for Kmg Ed- 

^ quit part of his debt." ^ "^rf ^^- ^^^«P ^^ J^^,! .^^?. 27th 

_, . , , . of May, anno primo Kicardi 111. 

That IS, they never gave admittance to xhe curious tale with regard to two 

a dead guest, without the paymwit of • priars of this house, Frere Theobald, 

a larce sum by the executor. Happy then warden, and the felon sow of 

was he then who could indulge the Rokeby, will be found in the Appen- 

idea of being buried within their haj- ^ix. No. XXXV. It was first printed 

lowed walls, wrapped up in the habit !>„ £>r. Whitaker in his History of 

«id cowl of St. ^rancis. This fune- Craven, from a MS. in his possession, 

«al dress was looked upon as a suffi- ^hich mentions that it was written in 

«ient security agamst the assaults of the time of Henry VII. 

the Devil, and a certain passport to At the dissolution, the lands and 

the regions of eternal bhss, from a su- possessions belonging to the religious 

|)ersutiou8 idea of the respect that houses were in many cases not sold, 

would be paid to It at the last day. but granted on leases for a term of 

According to the rules of the Order, years. As these leases were very bene- 

there was no real estate bel<mgi«g to ficial, the lands and their appurte- 

this house, except the site of it, and nances frequently retaining the same 

the Friars Closes, containing near privileges and immunities which b<s 

-eighteen acres, which the walls en- longed to their former possessors, tb«r 

closed. Even these were given to the were much sought after 5 and before 

town m trust for their use, by reason j^e old leases were expired, the rever- 

of their incapacity to enjoy tftem as sion of them was granted by the Crown 

«ieir own. , ^ 



The seal which belonged to this « It i» also cktfi by Mr. Claikson in 
liODse must ha;ve been made about Hiatoiy ^ Riemnond. 
^ year 1270^ when Robert NeviUe ? No. 438<^i^8a8. 

to 



S04 Grey Frian, Richmond.-^On DilapidalMns. [Sqit. 

to other persons upon the same terms, Ralph Gower, on the 25th of March/ 
or sold in fee, on paying a certain quit 1559, 5 Eliz. released and quit claim- 
rent. The Crown lessees having in ed to the Burgesses of Richmond an 
general made very advantageous bar- annual rent of three shilh'ngs, payable 
gains, likewise disposed of tne remain- by them out of a house commonly 
der of their term of years, which will called the Plum House, situated with* 
account for the Abbey lands passing so in the precincts of the house, late of 
frequently from one possessor to ano- the Freers Minors, which rent he had 
ther, so as sometimes to cause a kind lately received from the gift and feof- 
of contradiction in the descent of this ment of the said Burgesses, 
property. Also, to increase the confu- The next account to be met with of 
sion, when a part of them was sold the Freerage is, that it was granted in 
off, or granted upon lease, it was call- 15 Eliz. to Thomas Wray and Nicho- 
ed the possessions of such a house, and las Metcalfe, and the heirs of the said 
so of the rest, all being styled by the Tliomas, for the term of 2000 years, 
same name. They likewise not un- and by mean assignment from Sir 
frequently reverted to the Crown by Wm. Wray, came to Sir Cuthbert 
forfeiture, or want of heirs. Pepper, who in the 3d of James, as- 

The possessions of the Friars Minors signed over his lease to Sir Timothy 
did not long continue after the disso- Hutton, his executors and assigns, for 
lution, in the Crown, for Henry VI II. all the term therein. This lease of 
e6th of May, in the 31st year of his the Freenige, after the death of SirTi- 
reign (1539), granted to Ralph Gower mothy, was, Nov. 30, l631, valued at 
of Richmond, all the site of the Freer- 350/. and a " lead cisterne standing in 
age, with the garden lying near the a lone roome in the garners within the 
outer gate, and another near the choir Fryerie at forty shillings,*' being part 
of the church, containing in the of his personals, 
whole, by estimation, . . . acres, one Soon after the death of Sir Timo- 
piece of waste lying on the East part thy, his son Matthew sold, in l533, 
of the house, and one parcel of land the Friary and demesnes to a Mr. Ho- 
called the Orchard on tne West, con- binson for 600/. the then rental 40/. 
taining, by estimation, one acre, one The site of the tower and the pre- 
close containing seven acres, one tene- niises within the walls now belong to 
ment in Bradgate (Briggate), with all John Robinson, esa. in whose family 
the buildings near the wall of the they have continuecl since 1713x pot- 
house towards Pinfold Green, and all chased of one Goddard. This gentle- 
other buildings in Richmond, belong- man has made great improvements, by 
ing to the said house, reserving to clearing the tower and crounds of 
himself, however, all the large trees many useless modern buildings, and 
and woods growing and standing there- makmg some ornamental plantations.' 
upon ; all which premises were to be a 
held from the Feast of St. Michael the -hr tTrban S^bl fi. 
Archangel last past, for the term of i rr^xir\Tir->i3 t r n*^-!.! 
twenty-eight years, on his paying to A ^™C)UGH I am fully seosibte 
the King and his successors thirly-one ^^ ^l ^^^ difficulty of touching sub- 
shillings and eight i>ence a year, at jects of ancient practice, and of the 
the Feasts of the Annunciation of the "azard of barely sugaesting any altcanu 
Virgin Mary and St. Michael, by equal ^«on !" wages which the wisdom of 
portions. ^^ "^^ sanctioned, especially of an 

In 1545, six years after the grant to Ecclesiastical nature, yet where this 
Ralph Gower, these premises were is done without a design to ofiend, and 
again granted for a term of years to \» terms which may not render the 
John Bannyster and William Met- d»8cu8Sion obnoxious, little apology 
calfe; and in 43 Eliz. to Robert Ban- seems necessary. Your weU-known 
nysier. In 1553 there remained in candour, and that of y^ur uonuroiis 
charge three pounds in corodies«. Ecclesiastical Readers, wilhudge fiiirly i 
and the publick, on whom 1 shall 

• It may reasonably be suppoMd, that P^<>P^ ^ '«?0^ve the burden, wiU 

these premises were part of the posseMions "O^* ^ ^^ust, find much cause for cen^ 

of John Gower, son of Ralph, who was at- 8"^. The DUaptdaiton of Parsonage 

taintedof high treason ID 1669, sndsllldB -Houies is fixed by the existing law 

•states confiscated to the Crowa. to be the duty aod Ghai|^ of the Id* 

cumbents 



1823.] 



On Dtkipid<Uion9 QfPmrtondge HoiUes, 



905 



cumbents to repair; the cases are nur. 
meroQSy in which both the income 
of the cure, the extent of private 
fortune, and the uncertainty of life 
and tenure, offer insuperable difficul- 
ties: the Clergy are not, very gene- 
rally, free from some incumbrances, 
when a living is presented to them — 
their tenths and first fruits, and the 
charees of admission, are then to be 
provided for; it is not until a consi- 
derable time afterwards that thty reap 
any pecuniary advantage from their new 
benefice — while some of the outgoings 
and incidental expences, such as re- 
moval, furniture, &c. are immediately 
incurred; the insurance of their liu; 
at a certain sum would at that time 
be a measure of prudence, but it is 
seldom, if ever adopted, from the want 
of immediate supplies. The time al- 
lowed for the payment of tenths and 
first fruits is enlarged according to the 
annual value of the living— but this is 
not always complied with, until the 
Incumbent has had recourse to the 
secular practices of raising money at 
interest. This incumbrance upon a pri- 
vate fortune often remains unliqui- 
dated for mariy years, and even beyond 
the period of life, when it is left to 
the legal representatives to discharge ; 
80 that unless an Incumbent live to 
enjoy his benefice many years, his for- 
tune is probably much the worse for 
his preferment ; which affords an ad- 
ditional res^u for the insurance of his 
life. All these are grounds for the 
measure which I am venturing to pro- 
pose, because with such incumbrances 
It is more than probable that the par- 
sonage house and premises should •re- 
main unrepaired, except in a degree 
barely necessary to comfort. It is to 
be considered also, that the more li- 
beral and learned may have been the 
education and researches of the indi- 
■vidualy the less has his mind been de- 
voted to accumulate the means of dis- 
charging, such numerous obligations. 
The duties of his cure, also the pre- 
IHuration of his discourses, necessarily 
demand his utmost attention, ^o that 
the periods for payment arrive upon 
.him, as it were, suddenly, and unpre- 
par^ for; possibly the ill-health of 
nis family, the increasing number of 
his children, and perhaps to these 
may be added his own shaken consti- 
tution, combine to render, it utterly 
impossible for him to provide the- 
•means which are requisite .to Jamnxf 



I. 



the demands — but should his life be 
attacked by any fatal disorder, he leaves 
behind him not only his unliquidated 
debts, but a distressed family to strug- 
gle with their burden ! 

Before the pungent regrets for his 
loss have sunk into silent grief, and 
while the tears of the widow and or- 
phans are yet wet upon the sod which 
covers his remains, a new Incumbent^ 
with honest joy at his presentation, 
arrives to take possession, and to pro- 
ceed to the ceremonies of his induc- 
tion-rthe moment, though expected, 
is of keen importance to them, for it 
gives the signal for their departure; 
thus they are at once bereaved of 
many friends whom they had loved^ 
of personal respect, of comfortable re- 
sidence, and of support! — the house 
is then to be set in order for its new 
master— estimates are made for its re- 
pair — and the state of suffering already 
described is increased in its pungency 
by a lesal demand for their amount I 
the total inability, from whatever cause 
it may arise, ot the late Incumbent, 
is not considered in extenuation, and 
the demand is enforced ! His errors, 
if such they were, are now charged 
upon .the widow and his orphan child- 
ren ; and the consequences are too 
obvious. 

The recent augmentations of poor 
livings, and curacies, have perhaps 
gone as far as- might have hpen cat- 
pected, but they could not me^t all tbo 
exigencies of every case : the 8ugge»- 
.tion now offered is designed to relieve 
at least one of these burdens; and why 
should not that burden be removed 
from the Minister and from his sur- 
viving relatives, when it may be so 
divided and extended as to become too 
light for complaint? 

The Incumbent is the Minister of 
the parish for the cure of souls — a 
dwelling is in most, though not in all 
instances, provided for his residence, 
that he may be near to his Church, 
and in the centre of his Rock, that 
their spiritual wants may be readily 
supplied, and that they may have con- 
tinual access to him on all occasions 
for their own benefit : he dwells there 
amongst them from a sense of propri- 
ety, of duty, and of convenience, not 
always agreeably to his will; and al- 
-though his own edification, and that 
-of his £imil^ come under his care, yet 
.it W&tJheir advantage, and for ikeir 
joMiffftUaiiw, that he is cdled to and 

planted 



206 On Dilapidationi of Parsonage Houtes, [S^pt. 

planted on that spot. It is alleged that just demand, rather thtn to her whete 

they pay him tithes of what they possess, distress had perhaps already drivcD her 

and fees for the several offices which for refuge to the tranauil asylum of 

he perforins for them j but none of Whitgtft's College ! 1 nave heard in« 

these when united are sufficient in many deed of some instances where an opu- 

livings, and especially in those usually lent Incumbent has brought with him 

denominated *' small livings/' to sup- to his rural parsonage the habits of fiib 

port his family and repair trie parson* shionable life, for which the humbk 

age buildings — and too frequently the dwelling of his predecessor was ill* 

roost fair and gentle request of some calculated to offer those extensive 



increase in their amount is treated commodations which such habits re* 
with as much opposition as in those quire — the foundation has then been 
instances where it is improvidently de- extended — the narrow entrance his 
manded. It must indeed be confessed, been expanded into a hall, the little 
that the demand by new Incumbents study, which produced perhaps the 
has too often been made in terms lit- divine eloquence of a Tillotsons a 
tie calculated to inspire a conciliatory Seeker, or a Porteos, has been stretch- 
agreement ed into a library — ^the parlour, which 
The Minister is thus the leading served during ages past for all the sim<r 
officer of his parish, the rector, or pie hospitalities of affection and com- 
ruler of his little community ; if their fort, has been changed into a saloon^ 
benefit be consulted by his appoint- lighted by a pendent branch of lustres i 
ment, it seems a natural result that and the small windows, which opened 
they should reciprocally provide for to a rustic garden for the good man's 
him a suitable dwelling, and contri- retreat to a shaded summer-liouse or 
bute towards his support: — such a ivy circled bench, now spread wide 
contract is almost universal in other their sashes of plate glass, in order the 
cases — a Magistrate neither provides better to discover the far inoredistanl 
nor repairs the hall of his customary vista terminated by the lofty stand aft 
sittings — wherever the Municipalities a race course. But, alas! this rich In* 
require the residence of their Chief, cumbent^s fortune could not prolong 
that residence is provided for him, life — his day was come, and nis tmr 
and it is preserved and repaired for prudent expences, which by a paio* 
its successive Incumbents. The par- chial committee might in the measure I 
sonage house bears strict analogy to have recommended, have been JQStlj 
these cases ; the Pastor holds it with restrained, have fallen heavily vpoo 
his Church but as an official fee dur- his representatives on one sioe, and 
ing his incumbency, of which he may upon nis less opulent and less lashjonr 
be deprived by the ultimate and most able successor on the other^ who cuk- 
uncertain of all causes, his own de- not afford to dwell in such a parsOQp- 
mise: and it appears to me that this alehouse. Thus, Mr. Urban, m bodi 
uncertainty, if all the (mints above- views of this case, I most heariiij wish 
stated were blunted or removed, alone you to recommend to the attention of 
affords sufficient ground for throwing the Clergy, for whom I enteitain the 
the burden upon the parish by a rate. highest veneration, a due considem- 



The same power which is lodged tion of my plan during the 
with the Churchwarden to inspect recess, that those who are placed wft 



and order the repairs of the Church, the head of our Ecclesiastical 
may be extended to those of the par- blishment might prepare such a bill m 
sonage house and buildings— 'the con- would meet these exigencies, 
dition and estimate of them would be By the Ecclesiastical La«r, if the 
then regularly laid before a vestry, and Rector of a Church at his de«th ihafl 
the very small addition required to leave the houses of the Church mi- 
that rate would be scarcely felt by nous or decayed, so much shall be de- 
each parishioner, while the parson and ducted out of his Ecclesiastical goods 
hb family would be relieved from the as shall be sufficient to repair the same, 
burden of the whole amount : he and to supply the other defects of dK 
would then dwell in a house suitable Church. The same is decreed oo»- 
to his station-— and if upon a new in- ceming those vicars, who have all the 
duction it were found to be out of re- revenues of the Churchy paying A mo- 
pair, application would be made to derate pension. For inasmodi as they 
those woo are able to comply with the are bound to the premises^ andh por- 
tion 



^dd flia/ Wdl be dedoeted, andoiigKit wards iA 40 ynn» 37d/. for firiniatcd 
Id be fedconed aoMOgt ^ ddits.*-*- dilaindatioiis $ alihough itwaaalle^ 
Dlmr. 1160. In the defente that the house had not 
' Hie tectoif;^ or Tibange, and other been inhabited for many years preri- 
bmldings which bdoo^ to the parson, ons to the time of the late Incumbent's 
and where the Eodesiastical j^ods or coming to the living. Architects were 
broflts ci( his care are not stimcient, examined to prove estimates to the 
nath been ooestioned ; bat if he^ hath amount of 520/. It did not appear 
employed tncrn in improving his pa- whether he had inhabited the vicar- 
triraony, bir if» by too much atten- a^ house, but if it had not been inha- 
lion to his worklly afiain, he hath bited for so long a period, a consider- 
begiecCed his Ecelesiasticaly in these able decay must necessarily have en- 
dues he is bound to make satisfaction saed, and this may have been one rei^ 
m|i of his patrioaontal ^oods. — Ibid. son for its remaining an lone anocca-> 
' 'If tbqr «re insoffieient, then so far pied. In such a case as this, there-r 
fbilh M the gpiods will extend : hav- tore, the burthen foils heavily on the 
l^l'riBE^rd to the exigencies and qua- representatives of the last Incumbenty 
Hiy of tkti' Mnf to be repaired, so as who are now saddled with this amoont 
the same he for neeessitY» and not for of damages, besides the encrcsssed cocta 
|il^l|iMnre; lOfA in case of death, this is at law, tor the repairs, which kind con- 
£ deaiaiM ' vifoia. iktt Incumbent's es^ sideration of the fortune of the fcMrmer Ii^ 
fake, tiibiBC^ to ' ihi' previous payment ciimbent or his widow had induced him 
^hb deblp.^l^gg«> p. 1. c. 8. to forbear. Now, had the plan which 
' The'rcaitr U also ^reed to be done I have ventured to recommend bMeen 
as ne^ mall i^ecrtiire, or the interpo- the established law, no such vexation 
dtloD of tShe BiiDQp may be obtained, could have occurred. 
--^Aikmu lit. ' . Uoon the whole, it seems most de- 
The pirQeaniay'aiid often do agree sirabie that a full and mature consi- 
«p6n a edrttik^ torn to be laid out, or deration of the law as it stands riionl^ 
paid ovcr« take place, with cool deliberation, be- 
The 'stijU of O Eliz. c. 10. j^ives fore any such measure as I have ven^ 
iSkt hfpA .lieoedy agaln^ the avoiding tared to suggest can be publicly pro-. 
I^ch repairs 'by any deed or gift, or posed; and the communications of your 
otherwise, which statute has been con- Correspondeots may greatly assist in 
tinued by l6 Car. I. c. 4. and is under- this necessary investigation. A. H. 
Stood to comprehend fences, and to ex- ^ 
tend to executors. Gibs. 7^2. 2 Bulstr. Mr. Urban, Sept. 3. 
«79. 3 Bulstr. 158. 3 Inst. 204. 3Keb. XT'OUR Correspondent "X." has 
019. But whether this statute is still X given a very interesting account 
ia force has been questioned. of a curious antique ring, containing 
Although theremedy seems most pro- a Portrait of Charles the First; and 
perly reserved to Ecclesiastical Courts, his general remarks are highly enter- 
yet it has been also held that a special taining. As it will neither lessen the 
action at law will lie against the party, value of the trinket itself, nor dimi- 
ar his executors or administrators. Deg. nish the interest excited by "X.s*' 
p. 1. c. 6. Wats. 39. I Bac. Abr. 63. very excellent letter, and as it may 
It is idso understood to apply to the afford amusement to him and some 
Incumbent, and not to any curate or brother Antiquaries, I will also de- 
^rson not inducted. 3Keb. 6l4. ^ scribe a very similar article, one at 
AndthesQbseauentstatuteofl4£Iiz. the least as curious, and shewins that 
c'li, provided that all sums recovered the treasure discussed by. your Corres- 
fbr this purpose shall be employed upon pondent is not unique, and may be 
the buildings and reparations within rivalledby many of a similar character, 
two years aner recovery thereof, on pain I cannot at this distauce of time, 
efdooble the amount to the crown; — for many years have elapsed since I 
and this sum is to be laid out by the saw it, trace the pedigree of the ring, 
succeeding Incumbent, and not by the which I shall describe ; but that it is 
Executors. Gibs. 754. of genuine antiquity is unquestionable; 

At the last assizes for Kent, a cause the mark of a^e is upon it. 

of this nature was tried, in which the The ring itself was of pure gold, 

new Incumbent of Detling recovered plain, and without jewellery or oma- 

a^nst'the executors of the deceased ment of any kind ; on the top of it 

vicar, who had held the living up- was an oval of white enamel, not more 

then 



308 Md: Mumble's Epitaph.'-W. Strode.-^Rev. J. Lambert. [Sept. 



than half an inch in longitudinal dia- 
meter, and apparently about the eighth 
of an inch in thickness; the surface 
was slightly convexed, and divided into 
four compartments ; in each of these 
was painted one of the four cardinal 
virtues, which, althongh so minute as 
to be scarcely perceptible to the clear- 
est sight, by the application of a glass 
appeared perfectly distinct; each figure 
was well proportioned, and had its ap- 
propriate attribute. By touching a se- 
cret spring, the case opened, and ex- 
posed to view a very beautifully paint- 
ed miniature in enamel of the unfor- 
tunate Charles, with the pointed beard, 
mustachios, &c. as he is usually pour- 
trayed, and from its resemblance to the 
portraits generally seen of this Monarch, 
wearing every appearance of being a 
strong likeness. Within the lid of this 
little box, for box in fact it was, were 
enameled on a dark ground a skull and 
cross bones. I saw this ring in the pos- 
session of an old lady of the name of 
Hennand, in Paradise-row, Chelsea*. 
While speaking of Charles, allow 
me to observe, that I have frequently 
seen in the chamber of my late friend, 
Oliver Cromwell, esq. of Cheshunt- 
park, a very beautiful miniature paint- 
ing of this victim to the ambition of 
bis extraordinary ancestor, the hair of 
which is wrought in needle-work, as 
the family tradition declares, with the 
hair of the murdered Monarch. F. S. A. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 20, 

IN the venerable Church of St. Mary 
Overies, South wark, is a monument 
to the memory of Rich. Humble, Al- 
derman of London, on which is the 
following poetical inscription : 

** like to the damask rose you see, 
Or like the blossom on the tree, 
Or like the dainty flower of May, 
Or like the morning of the day, 
Or like the sun, or like the shade. 
Or like the gourd which Jonas had ; 
Even so is man whose thread is spun, 
Drawn out, and cut, and so is done ! 
The rose withers, the blossom blasteth. 
The flower fades, the morning hasteth. 
The sun sets, the shadow lies. 
The gourd consumes, the man he dies." 

I had somewhere heard these lines 
ascribed to Quarles, the well-known 
author of «* Emblems," &c. and 1 
hinted as much to Mr. Nightingale, 



* Mrs* Rebecca Hennand was buried at 
Havering Bower, Feb. 13, 1809. Edit. 



who in the recently published descrip- 
tion of the Church,' p. 92, agreed with 
me, and thought the figurative lan- 
guage of the inscription might well 
enough justify a conjecture of that 
kind. 

When, however, I read the poem 
by Strode, entitled ** Of Death and 
Resurrection," in the July Mag. p. 8, 
so exactly resembling the above, not 
only in language and idea, but possess- 
ing all its quaintness of expression, so 
much so as to appear parodies on each 
other, I could scarcely fail in conclud- 
ing that they were both written by the 
same person. I therefore send you the 
above copy of the inscription, on which 
perhaps Eu. Hood may be able to 
throw some further light. 

The monument has no date, nor is 
the period of its erection given by Mr. 
Nightingale. By the prose inscription 
on it, it appears to have been erected 
subsequent to the year 1616, by a de- 
scendant or relation of the Alclerman. 
The style of the monument well agrees 
with the period at which both these 
poets lived, and it therefore affords no 
conclusion as to which of them the 
inscription was written by. As, how- 
ever, such enquiries are, I believe, 
asreeable to the readers of the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine, you will probably 
think the above olxBcrvations worthy 
of notice. 

In the same Magazine a passage in 
the Obituary article on the Rev. J. 
Lambert, p. 85, calls for some expla- 
nation f. However we may admire a 
man whose conscientious scruples pre- 
vented him from advancing his worldly 
interest (a circumstance very uncom- 
mon in these days), yet I cannot un- 
derstand what is meant by saying he 
"gave up the doctrines of Athanasius, 
and adopted the precepts of our Sa- 
viour.'' Myself a member of the Na- 
tional Church, and conseauently an 
Mhanasian, I was surprisea to see the 
doctrines of Athanasius opposed to 
those of the Founder of our l^ith. As 
I understand the passage, it should 
read, he gave up the doctrines of Atha- 
nasius for the heresy of Arius. 

Happily unaffected by the liberalism 
or latitudinurian principles of the day, 
I can look upon a man who denies the 
Trinity, and despises the atoning sa- 
crifice of Jesus Christ, in no other 
light than an Infidel. E. I. C. 

1* The article was inserted entire, as sent 
by a Correspofldent. Edit. 

Mr. 



Gmt. Miif.Sfpl. 1 S13. PL II. f. 109. 



RAYNTON'S MONUMENT. IN ENFIELD CHURCH. 



908 Aid, Humhle's Epitaph. ---W. Sirodc^Rev. J. Lambert. [SepC 



than hair an inch in longitudinal dia- 
meter, and apparently about the eighth 
of an inch in thickness; the surface 
was slightly convexed, and divided into 
four compartments; in each of these 
was painted one of the four cardinal 
virtues, which, althongh so minute as 
to be scarcely perceptible to the clear- 
est sight, by the application of a glass 
appeared perfectly distinct; each figure 
was well proportioned, and had its ap- 
propriate attribute. By touching a se- 
cret sprine, the case opened, and ex- 
posed to view a very beautifully paint- 
ed miniature in enamel of the unfor- 
tunate Charles, with the pointed beard, 
mustachios, &c. as he is usually pour- 
trayed, and from its resemblance to the 
portraitsgenerally seen of this Monarch, 
wearing every appearance of being a 
strone Rkeness. vVithin the lid of this 
little uox, for box in fact it was, were 
enameled on a dark ground a skull and 
cross bones. 1 saw this ring in the pos- 
session of an old lady of the name of 
Hennand, in Paradise-row, Chelsea*. 
While speaking of Charles, allow 
me to observe, that I have frequently 
seen in the chamber of my late friend, 
Oliver Cromwell, esq. of Cheshunt- 
park, a very beautiful miniature paint- 
mg of this victim to the ambition of 
bis extraordinary ancestor, the hair of 
which is wrought in needle-work, as 
the family tradition declares, with the 
hair of the murdered Monarch. F.S. A. 



Mr.URBAW, Aug. 20, 

IN the venerable Church of St. Mary 
Overies, South wark, is a monument 
to the memory of Rich. Humble, Al- 
derman of London, on which is the 
following {loetical inscription : 

** Like to thb damask rose you see, 
Or like the Uessom on the tree. 
Or like the daioty flower of May, 
Or like the morniDg of the day, 
Or like the sun, or like the shade, 
Or like the gourd which Jonas had ; 
Even so is man whose thread is spun, 
Drawn out, and cut, and so is done ! 
The rose withers, the blossom blasteth^ 
The flower fades, the morning hasteth. 
The son sets, the shadow lies. 
The gourd consumes, the man he dies." 

I had somewhere heard these lines 
ascribed to Quarles, the well-known 
author of '* Emblems," &c. and I 
hinted as much to Mr. Nightingale, 



* Mrs. Rebecca Henaaad was burled at 
Havering Bower, Feb. 13, 1809. Edit. 



who in the recently published descrip- 
tion of the Church,' p. 92, agreed with 
me, and thought tne figurative lan- 
guage of the inscription might well 
enough justify a conjecture of that 
kind. 

When, however, I read the poem 
by Strode, entitled " Of Death and 
Resurrection,'' in the July Mag. p. 8, 
so exactly resembling the above, not 
only in language and idea, but possess- 
ing all its quaintness of expression, so 
much 80 as to appear parodies on each 
other, I could scarcely fail in conclud- 
ing that they were both written by the 
same person. I therefore send you the 
above copy of the inscription, on which 
perhaps £u. Hood may be able to 
throw some further light. 

The monument has no date, nor is 
the period of its erection given by Mr. 
Nightingale. By the prose inscription 
on it, it appears to have been erected 
subsequent to the year 16169 by a de- 
scendant or relation of the Alclerman. 
The style of the monument well agrees 
with the period at which both these 
poets lived, and it therefore aflbrds no 
conclusion as to which of them the 
inscription was written by. As, how- 
ever, such enquiries are, I believe, 
agreeable to the readers of the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine, you will probably 
think the above obiservations worthy 
of notice. 

In the same Magazine a passage in 
the Obituary article on the Rev. J. 
Lambert, p. 85, calls for some expla- 
nation f. However we may admire a 
man whose conscientious scruples pre- 
vented him from advancing his worldly 
interest (a circumstance very uncom- 
mon in these days), yet I cannot un- 
derstand what is meant by saying he 
"gave up the doctrines of Athanasius, 
and adopted the precepts of our Sa- 
viour.'' Myself a member of the Na- 
tional Church, and conseaueutly an 
Aihanasian, I was surprised to see the 
doctrines of Athanasius opposed to 
those of the Founder of oar faith. As 
I understand the passage^ it should 
read, he gave up the doctrines of Atha- 
nasius for the heresy of Arius. 

Happily unaffected by the liberalism 
or latitudinarian principles of the day, 
I can look upon a man who denies the 
Trinity, and despises the atoning sa- 
crifice of Jesus Christ, in no other 
light than an Infidel. E. L C. 

1* The article was inserted entire^ as sent 
by a Correspondent. Edit. 

Mr. 



Gent. Mag.S^. 1 BSS. PLU.p. « 



RAYNTON'S MONUMENT, IN ENFIELD CHURCH. 



182S0 



Ruf/nton't Umummt «f EnJMd, Middlumt. 



Mr. Urbav, At^, 83. 

IN your Review of Dr. Robinson's 
History of Enfield (see Part i. poee 
6!M), you noticed the singularity of a 
Lord Mayor of London being repre- 
sented on his monument in armour. 
A further account of this Monument 
will, I think, be gratifying to your 
Readers, whilst it will at the same 
time afford a pleasing specimen of the 
satisfactory manner in which the Mo^ 
numents are represented in r>r. Robin- 
son's valuable work. (See Plate IL) 
Yours, &c. N.R.S. 

" Against the North wall in the 
Vestry-room, there is a large superbly 
ornamented Monument. IJnder a ca- 
nopy of two pillars of black marble of 
the Corinthian order is the figure of 
a roan in armour, with a close black 
cap, or coif, and a ruff, his head 
resting on his risht hand and a cu- 
shion ; wearing tne robe of a Lord 
Mayor of London, a collar of SS, and 
a portcullis, with badge appendant ; in 
his lefl hand the handle of a sword, 
the blade of which is gone ; over the 
feet his crest. Above him, on a tablet 
of black marble, is the following m^ 
scription : 

'< Hic requiescit, in spe heatas resmrrec- 
tionis, vir plus et honorsbilis dominus, Ni- 
ebelaui Rayntoo, miles, olim ReipuUicue 
Londioensis Vice-comes per 24 annos, Se- 
aaitor, Prastor, Jnsttttarius Pacis, Pnetes 
Hospitalis Bartholomaeani, pater patriae dig- 
■itmnus. Aono Xti 1646, satatis siub 78« 
die 19 Augostl mortuus est, IS Septerobris 
tepultuf , una cimi pia & charisslma axonre 
sua domina Rebecca Raynton^ anno Xti 
1640 f in ccelum praemissa. 

** Epitaphium. 
Concilium regni sextum durabat in annam. 

Terminus & belli jam quadricnnis erat. 
Oceubuit celebri Rayntonus in urbe Senator* 

Praetor, eques, patriae pro meritisque pa- 
ter, 
Jnstitiae enstos, constans et pacis amator, 

Praesidinn raiseriS) auxiliumque bonis. 
Cam cooaorte tkori clausus jaoet hocce se- 
pulehro. 

Donee eos Xti vox revocabtt faamo." 



Below the man, the figure of a lady, 
habited as Lady Mayoress, with ruff 
and chain ; her right hand comes out 
from under her, her left hand holds a 
book. Below these two large figures 

are smaller figures, of a man and wo- /.-.,•. . 

man kneeling at a desk with books niy friend during our searches respect- 
before them. Behind the man are mg the family. Mr. Urba n's pages 
two sons kneeling; l^hind the woman 
three daughters, also kneeling; and an 

Gent. Ma«. September, 1 8W, 



t09 

infant hi a cradle at the foot of the 
desk between the man atid woman; 
and over the desk, in Roman capitals, 
the following inscription : 

** Hears lyes the boddyes of Nicolas 
Raynton, esq. and Rebecca his wife, who 
dyed in the yeares 1641 and 1649, and bad 
issoe three sonnes and three daughters, vie. 
Nicholas, now livebe (Thomas deceased), 
Thomas, Rebeeca» Aniie> and fiUabeth, 
also now Ihreing.'* 

The centre shield. Sable, a chevron 
Gotised between three cinquefoils Or. 
RatftUon ; over which is the crest^ on 
a wreath, a Giyphon's head couped 
Sable, beaked Or, charged on the 
neck with a cinauefoil of the last. 

The arms on tne top of the pedioxot 
of this Monument, on a shield, are 
erroneously painted : they should have 
been thus*: Azure, 'a lion passant 
guardant between three pheons Or, 
with the arms of Ulster as a barotiet. 
Wolstanltolme. 

On the dexter side of the nonti- 
ment, on a shield BMifiUon t impaling 
Moulton, Gules, a chevron Argent^ 
fretty Sable, between three muUets 

Sierced Or ; and on the sinister side, 
louUon sinde. 

When Alderman Raynton was Lord 
Mayor of London, he was committed 
to the Marshalsea, and several noble* 
men were committed to other prrisona, 
for neglecting to procure the l&g tbe 
loan of 2000/. in the ciirf, and the At- 
torney General was ordered to proses 
cute them. After the Scots took New- 
castle, and ofiered the city a free trade 
in coals, the Lord Mayor, &c. present* 
ed a petition to the King to caU a Par* 
liament. The King's af&irs obliging 
him to repeat hisapplicatioa for a load: 
it was granted f.'* 

Mr. Urban, Aug. S5. 

HEREWITH I send you an ac- 
count of the ancient mansion 
house called Breakspears, in the pa^ 
rish of Harefield in the hundred 
of Elthorne, in the county of Mid* 
dlesex, three miles from Uxbrtdgc, 
and eighteen from London ; formerly 
the seat of the Ashbvs, now tlie resi* 
dence of Joseph Ashby Partridge, esq. 
to whom my best thanks are due ior 
the polite attention paid to me and 



* See Betbam*s Baronetage, 11. p. S63. 
t Maitland's Lend. SOS — 90«. 

' havi 



SIO Maniion of Bnakspears, co* Middleiex, described. [Sept. 

hafe been the means of affording me pkceof the Ashb3rsatRickmer8worth. 
some assistance on the subject, for Chauncy*8 Hertfordshire, 
which, as a small remuneration, I Ashby, as before, impaling 1st and 
beg leave to intrude the following, 4th, Gules, 3 fish naiant withm a bor-> 
which forms a portion of the sweets of der insrailed Argent for Lilling; Sd 
my intricate search. and 3u, Argent, a demi lion rampant 

Breakspears, an ancient mansion in Gules, for Malory ; both of wnich 
this parisn, is said by Camden to have are quarterings of Peyton. Vide the 
taken its name from a family, from Visitations Com. Camb. Bernard of 
whom Pope Adrian was descended. Iselham, in Murham Church, co. 
Some traces of a family of this name Norfolk, quarters Lilling. Blomfield, 
are to be met with as late as the year vol. VII. 

1591, when Anne Breakspear was In the second window. — Ash by, as 
married at Harefield : vide Parochial before, impaling Wroth, Argent, on a 
Register. In the year 1371 Wil- bend Sable three lions heads erased of 
liam Swanland granted a lease of ()0 the field, ducally crowned Or. Tho- 
years to William Brekspere, of a house mas Ashby, who died 1559, married 
and lands in Harefield, which had Anne, daughter and sole heir of Ed- 
been held by John Grove in bondagio. ward Wroth, who died 1545. (Par. 
Before the end of the following cen- Reg.) With her he had a third part 
tury it appears to have been in the of the manor of Durants, in the pa- 
possession of the family of Ashby, who rish of Enfield. (Cole*s Abstract of 
were settled at Harefield as early as the Escheats, Harl. MSS. No. 759 1) Ly- 
year 1471, and whose family is now sons's Environs, vol.11.; Dr. Robin- 
become extinct in the male hne. Vide son's History of Enfield. Note, the 
Lysons's Additions to Middlesex Pa- Ashbys through the Wroths trace up 
rishes, p. HI. to the year 1373. See their pedigree. 

Arms in the Hall — which you enter p. 149, vol. I. Robinson's Hist, of £n- 
into by a glass door from the lawn, field. 

over which, on an oval and raised A large shield of ouarterings to the 
shield, are the armorial bearings of number of 20 ; the nve first coats ba- 
the Ashbys, viz. Azure, a chevron Or ing mutilated, their place has been 
between three eagles dbplayed with supplied in an unskilful manner with 
two heads Argent. Crest, an eagle a fragment of the Ashby arms ; 6. Ar- 
with his winffs elevated and expanoed gent, a chevron wavy between thiee 
Argent, ducally crowned Or. On the roses Gules, barbed Vert and reeded 

right side of the door, in stained glass, Or, for 7* Gules, three Hona 

an allegorical representation of their rampant Or, for 8. Argent, 

ancient cognomen, rebussed by an ash on a chevron Sable three towers of 

tree, surrounded with a swarm of bees, the field, for 9. Three Leo- 

On the left side the following motto pards* heads inverted jessant de lis Or^ 

in a curious enveloped scroll, — Noli for 10. Chequy Or and A- 

dicere omnia quce scis. zure, a chevron Ermine, for Turqui- 

Turning to the left, I commence nius Earl of Warwick. 1 1. Seemingly 
my description of the Jirsl window of Azure, a pale Or, which I take for 
the Hail, now enclosed by a closet, Nigel, Baron of Halton, or mutilated 
which has the following arms in Newburgh, Earl of Warwick, is. 
stained glass : Ashby, quartering, — Gules, a chevron Argent, between 10 

1. Peyton, Sable, a cross engrailed Or, crosses form^ Or, for Berkeley, id.* 
in the first quarter a mullet Ardent. Gules, a lion passant gardant Argent, 

2. Bernard of Iselham, Cambridge, ducally crowned Or, Fitz Gerald. 
Argent, a bear aaliant Sable, muzzled 14. Or, a feske between 2 chevrons 
Or. 3. Gernon, Gules, 3 piles wavy. Sable, for Lble. 15. Or, a sal tire be- 
meeting in point Argent. 4. Malory, tween 4 mardets Sable, for Guldeford 
Argent, a demi lion rampant Gules, or Guildford. 16. Argent, a fess dan- 
underneath the date of 1572. Anne, cett^ Sable, for West. 17. Gules, a 
dau. of Thomas Peyton, married John lion rampant and sem^ of cross cross- 
Ashby of Harefield in Middlesex, esq. lets fitch^ Argent, for De la Warre. 
(ancestor to those now of that place.) 1 8. Barry of 0, Or and Azure, on a 
Wotton's Baronetage, vol. I. Ann chief of the last two pallets between 
Asheby died October, 18 Hen. VII. 2 esquisscs of the first; over all, an es- 
i503, buried in the chapel or burying- cutcheon Argent, for Mortimer. 19. 

Azure, 



1693.J Mansion of Breaks fears, to^ Middlesex, described, ^11 

Aziire, 3 leopards* heads inrerted jes- to your pages a correct representation 

sant de lis Or, for Canfilupe. 20. Gules, of this piece of antiquity. 

3 bendlets enhanced Or, for Greelye In the first window of the ante-room^ 

(vide p. 2, July 1823, Gent. Mag.) Ash by, as before, impaling 1st and 

impaling, 1st. Argent, a lion rampant 4th, Gules 3 piles wavy, meeting in 

Gules', on a chief Sable three escal- point Argent, for . . . (This I take 

lops of the field, for Russell j 2. Azure, to be Gernon, but know of no con- 

a tower with dome Argent, for De la nection between the families, except 

Tour ; 3. Or, three bars Gules, a cres- its being a quartering of Peyton's), 

cent in chief Sable, supposed Mustian; quartering Gyronne of 8, Argent and 

4. Sable, a lion rampant between 3 Gules, for surrounded by a 

cross crosslets fitch^ Argent, supposed spacious ornament, at the base of 
Hering ; 5. Sable, three chevrons Er- which I perceived these arms, quar- 
mine, a crescent Argent for difference, terly, France and England withni a 
for Wise ; 6. Sable, three dovecots bordure . . bezanty. I cannot exactly 
Argent, a mullet Or for difference, for say to whom these arms belong. Ash- 
Sapcott ; date 1569. This must cer- by as before, impaling, seemingly per 
tainly be the arms of Ambrose Dud- fesse two coats, of which the upper 
ley. Earl of Warwick, who married to part is demolished and supplied by a 
his third wife, Anne, daughter to fragment, the base of which remains, 
Francis Earl of Bedford. He died in and is Gyronne of 8, Argent and 
1589. Gules, for . . . 
- In the third window, Ashby, as be- In the second window of the ante- 
fore, impaling per fess Azure and room, Ashby as before, impaling, 1st 
Gules, a border Argent, for . . ; quar- and 4th, Argent, a fess Gules, for . . . 
tering Gules, a fess nebul^ between 6 2d and 3d Argent, on a chief Azure 

billets Argent, for Also, the 3 piles Sable, each charged with a 

Royal Arms superbly blazoned, viz. nail Or, for . . . 

France and England quarterly within Also, a shield of four-and-twenty 

the Garter, supported by a golden lion quarterings, environed with the order 

and red dragon on rich pedestal orna- of the Garter, which plainly bespeak 

ment ; underneath, the Royal motto, it to be the Earl of Leicester's, who 

These I take for Queen Elizabeth's died 1688. 

arms, who in her Progresses, we read, 1 . Or, a lion rampant double queu'd 
honoured Harefield, and most probably (Vert), charged on the breast with a 
this house, with her presence, in com- crescent for difference, for Dudley, 
pany with her distinguished courtiers 2. Gules, a cinquefoil Ermine, for 
and statesmen, to whose memory, and Bellamont Earl ot Leicester. 3. Or, 
for the handing down to posterity of two lions passant Azure, for Paganel. 
this visit, these blazoned emblems 4. Argent, a cross Reury Azure, for 
have been set up with those of her Sutton. 5. Argent, 3 bars Azure, in 
two favourites Robert and Ambrose chief a file of three points Argent, for 
Dudley, Earls of Leicester and War- Grey, Viscount Lisle. 6. Fragment. 
wick. 7. Blank. 8. Vaire, Or and Gules, 
In the ante-room, the two windows for Ferrers Earl of Derby. 9. Gules, 
of w»hich form in a direct line with 7 mascles conjoined, 3, 3, and 1, for 
those of the hall, is a remarkable Quincy Earl of Winchester. 10. Gu. 
handsome chimney-piece, a very fine a lion rampant and border ingrailed Or^ 
specimen of antient carved work, re- a crescent for difference, for Talbot, 
presenting in the centre, surrounded Viscount Lisle. 11. Gules, a fess be- 
with a superb and well-cut wreath tween 12 cross crosslets Or, Beau- 
of flowers, the arms of Ashby, quar- champ Earl of Warwick. 12. Tur- 
Vtxing Wroth\ over all the crest. Un- quinius. Earl of Warwick, as before. 
derneath the arms, the following is 13. Argent, 2 bars Gules, Mauduit, 
inscribed : qui . volvit . et . po- Earl of Warwick. 14. Lozeng^ Or 
TVIT. FECIT. The arms and crest are and . . . (Azure) a border Gules, be- 
exceedingly prominent; on each side zant^, for Newburgh, Earl of War- 
an allegory of their name ; an ash-tree wick. 15. Berkeley as before. 16: 
with the letters B. Y. and many other Fitz Gerald, ditto. 17* Lisle^ ditto, 
handsomely executed devices. I shall 18. Guldeford, ditto. I9. Argent, a 
probably at some future time transmit bend Gules, for . . . 20. Vi^st, as 

■ • before. 



919 



BreakspearSf BUddletex^^^LUtlecoie, H'UiM, 



LSept^ 



Ims1q4^ 81. De la Warre, ditto. 09. 
Mortimer^ ditto. 23, Cantilupe, do. 
1^4* Greilly, ditto. TThe whole sur- 
vaounted with an Earl's coronet. 

Many of these armories are in sad 
disorder, from th? way in which they 
have heen jumbled together at some 
distant period by the bauds of the gla- 
zier* more especially the coats de- 
scribed in the first window of the 
liM. The present worthy owner has 
taken every care for the preservation 
of them or any thing else that bespeaks 
the antiquity of his family. 

Joseph Ashby Partridge^ esq. Ma- 
gistrate (or the County of Middlesex, 
mherita this estate in right of his mo- 
ther Elizabeth^ dauebter and sole heir 
of Robert Ashby of Breakhpears, esq. 
which gentleman, jointly with the 
Hev. Hector Davies Morgan, M. A. of 
Trinity College, Minister of Castle 
Hedingharo, Essex, and Chaplain to 
lx)rd Kenyon, are the two latest de- 
scendants of this ancient family; of 
whom it is generally supposed that 
Uiiey came out of Leicestershire; but 
my attempts have been fruitless in en- 
deavouring to connect them with tlie 
Leicestershire Ashbys. 

The Rev. H. D. Morgan, by his 
maternal grandfather, is collaterally and 
nearly connected with the great Jud^e 
Six WiUiam Blackstone, knt. His 
grandCather John Blackstone shone 
conspicuous as a Lover of botany ; he 
was a great intimate with Sir Hans 
Sloane ; there are many of hia writing 
deposited in theSloanian Library, Bri- 
tian Museum. He spent the greatest 
part of his time at Breakspears, pur- 
suing his favourite study, and possessed 
spme land there, which bears the name 
of Blackst'one's Meadow to this day. 
He was the author of an ingenious 
little work, entitled *' Fasciculus Flan- 
taruoi circa Harefield sponte nascen- 
tiuni, cum Apfiendice ad Loci Histo- 
riam spectante. Woodfell, 1737." 
If ours, &c. N.Y.W.G. 

Mr. Urbav, Jug. 81. 

I^HE C'/hapelry of Uttlecote ia situ* 
. ate in toe hundred of Ramsbury* 
in the diocese of Sarum and arohdcft^ 
conry of Wilts. It is about two milea 
West by North from Huo^ford» ia 
the county of Berks* and is a Cha* 
peln^ to the parish of Chilton Foliat*. 
Litilecote is embedded in « deep 

T " ' ' ' " ' ' ■ ■■■'■»■ 

» Cwlisle*8 Topog. Diet. — £ccl. Direct. 



valley, in the midH of a park, col into 
ridings, after the fashion of the l6th 
century^ surrounded by large and 
dreary fish-ponds, and shadowed by 
gloomy groves } this romantic mansion, 
nearly coeval with the oldest of ita 
neighbouring oaks^ seems peculiarly 
adapted to inspire sentiments of terror* 

From the Domesday Book we learn 
that the manor of Litdecote waa hekl 
of Milo Crispin by Turchetil, and that 
Godric held it in the time of King Ed- 
ward, and it was assessed at one hidq 
and a yardland. There was half a 
ploughland with one borderer; and 
K>ur acres of meadow, four acres of 
pasture, and four acres of thorns^ and 
worth ten shillings. 

It afterwards became the property 
of the Dor els or DorreU\ in which 
family it continued through a long 
line of succession till the time of Eli- 
zabeth, when, as apfiears by the fol- 
lowing traditional evidence, it became 
the property of the Pophams, in whose 
family it still remains. 

Early in the reign of Elizabeth, a 
midwife of the town of Newbury in 
Berks, was called from her bed by a 
horseman, who, speaking to her at ber 
window, earnestly pressed her to ac- 
company him to a lady who wanted 
her assistance. A certain myfitertoas 
manner accompanied every word 
spoken by the stranger. He refused 
to disclose the lad/s name, or the 
place of her abode, and the good wo* 
man observed, by the fiiint ligtit of 
the Moon, that he was masked. She 
resolved to refuse, on his proposin|t 
that ^he should be blindfokled till 
they should arrive at the pbce from 
whence he came ; but a purse of gold 
handed upon .the point of the horse* 
man's rod, just as sne was shutting her 
casement, and the promise of one yet 
more valuable, inquccd her to alter 
that determination* She dressed her- 
self hastily, submitted to be hoodwink- 
ed; and placed herself, trembling, on 
a pillion behind ber uokaown guide. 
Alter travelling in a dead silence for 
about three hours, through deep and 
watery lanes, a sudlden hah anBOunccd 
the end of theii journey. The good 
woman was nowhfted fropi her horse; 



iw^r*^^^««** 



li* ^ I w 



* Camdna does not iiMBtk» litt l s e eSs m 
ena having been ia ths potatMicMi. of iktB 
DimIb, but only aa a good seat of Sir Mm. 

Fophsm's* Ckvugh^ £ his AddilioM^ assn- 
tions it. 

her 



IB^.} 



Traditional Account of LiUkcote, Wilis, 



$13 



ber conductor softlv uplocked a door^ 
«oci led her still olindfolded into a 
bouse, and through a suite of apart- 
mentg so spacious, and so numerous, 
ftf to impress her. mind with a high 
idea of the grandeur of the owner. At 
last her companion stopped her, and 
knocked gently at a door, which was 
presently opened to admit them, and 
9S hastily locked as soon as they had 
entered. The covering was now taken 
from her eyest when she found her- 
self in a plainly furnished chamber, in 
which was another gentleman also 
xnaskedy and a lady silting on a bed. 
After a silence of some minutes, the 
gentleman informed her in a low whis« 
per that the lady she saw was the per- 
son who had need of her professional 
swsistauce, and that when the child 
was born she was to bring it to him in 
an adjoining closet, to which he re- 
tired; the door was behind the tapes* 

The child, a female infant, was not 
long after, according to order, conveyed 
to Uie gentleman, who now led her 
through a low passage to a small room, 
which Seemed unconnected with the 
house by any other communication, 
ai)d in which was a prodigious pile of 
dry wood in the chimney, blazing 
with great fury. She was now in- 
formed that the child must be thrown 
l^to the fire, first stopping its mouth 
with a cloth, which he presented to 
ber for that purpose. The woman 
naturally refused, but her companion 
seizing her throat, drew a dagger, and 
Yowing to put her instantly to death, 
she at last consented. Gagging the 
infant, she attempted to save it bjr suf- 
fi)Gatipn from pain yet more terrible i 
but such was tne eagerness of the bar- 
barous employer, that she was forced 
to lay it yet alive on the fire, when 
its agony gave it strenf^th to spring out 
on the floor'. It was tnrown in again, 
and consumed to ashes. When this 



deed was done, she was conducted to 
her house in the same manner as sho 
had come from it, and tlie promised 
purse was thrown into her cottage af«> 
ter her. I'he tradition then goes on 
to relate the usual horrors upon the 
acqubition of guilty treasure, and con- 
cludes that she determined to expiate 
her crime by bringing the instigator to 
justice. In the hopes of discovering 
the house, she traversed every part of 
the neighbourhood within the dis- 
tance she supposed she had been con- 
ducted, and contrived, under various 
pretences (but the tradition does not 
inform us what pretences they were) 
to examine most of the large mansions 
which fell in her way. At length, 
when she was on the point of retin-^ 

Suishing her search, she found at Lit* 
ecote a chamber and closet, which 
she could scarcely doubt was the same 
in which the murder had been com<» 
mitted ; but in her pocket she had a 
most positive clue. During the short 
attendance on the parturient lady, she 
had the presence of mind to cut out of 
one of the bed-curtains a small piece of 
cloth, which upon comparing with a 
hole in the curtain of the room where 
she was, was found to lally ^. She related 
the whole to a Magistrate. Mr. Dor** 
relM was apprehended and tried on 
her evidence, but acquitted. It is 
said that he owed his escape to the elo* 
quence of Sir John Popham, and that 
in gratitude for such service he be- 
queathed him this estate'. 

Thus far tradition ; but now for 
facts. It is certain that in the latter 
end of Elizabeth, the estate was in the 
possession of Sir John Popham ; as | 
shall subsequently show. 

This Sir John Popham was bom at 
Huntworth, co. Somerset, in 1631 ; 
was some time student at Baliol Col- 
lege, Oxford, and was as stout and 
skilful a man at sword and buckler as 
any in that age, and wild enough in 






3 Deep marks of bnrninff, occasioned by the child's Jumping out of the fire, are pre- 
tended to be exhibited in Uie floor of the closet. It is needless to remai k on the impos- 
sibility of this story. 

- 4 The curteins wens of broad blue doth, firinged with yellow, and are still showBy toge- 
sImnt with the piece of cloth which the woman cut out, now sewed in its place. 

* In Nichok's History of Leieestershirey vol. III. Part ii. p. 627 teq. is au account niooB 
Mr. John Darrell or Dorrell, ^unoua about the time of the above occomnce, fiuv muting 
^aU davits, who was tried by a Special Commission, issued under the authority of the Arch- 
bishop of Yprk; which was afterwards removed into tlie High Commisaion Court; by 
whose sentence he wi^ deginded frpm the Ministry, and committed to clots nrisen in York 
Castle. Whether this was one of the above £unily» I hiva not been ablete leam. 

6 General Chronicle^ vol. 1. pp. 326'> 227; 228. 

his 



9ia 



Htmarki <m ComUy CourU* 



[Sept. 



imxffif the Courti ate held by Com^ 
missionert who receive no remunera* 
tkm for their trouble; the Courts might 
be held in a similar manner, and the 
necessary expenses would be com- 
pensatea by tne fees. In the Hundred 
of Ossulston, the Court is held by the 
County Clerk, who receives the fees 
upon the proceedings. To establish new 
Courts in that H u ndred , therefore, would 
diminish the emoluments of his office; 
but surely it can never be ur^ed that 
the present inconvenience and injus- 
tice should be continued merely for 
the emolument of an individual. If it 
be conceived that the County Clerk 
has a claim to an income of 2000/. a 
year, let him receive his stipend from 
the County Rates. If Courts of Re- 
quests were established in every ward 
or parish in the Metropolis, tne fees 
would be sufficient to maintain them, 
without inflicting any burthen upon 
the public. Some of these parishes do 
indeed require separate Courts; wit* 
ness Mary-le-Bone and St. Pancras, 
with their extensive population; but 
it is' not in these parts ot London that 
these Courts are of such great utility^ 
the inhabitants belonging generally to 
the upper or middling classes of so- 
ciety, who seldom snfler debts of a 
low amount to become the sulyect of 
litigation; it is in those districts of 
the Metropolis in which the labouring 
and manufacturing parts of the com- 
munity reside, that Courts for the 
recovery of small debts are chiefly re- 
quisite. The perishes of Spitalfields, 
with its large and indigent manufac- 
turing population: of Beth nail Green, 
with Its 40,000 innabitants ; of Shore- 
ditch, with 50,000; of St. Luke*s, with 
40,000; Clerkenwell, &c. &c. would 
each afford sufficient employment to a 
Court of RecjjUtfsts ; but, notwithstand- 
ing this, Spitalfields, Shoreditch, and 
Bethnal Green, must all have recourse 
to one Court, together with Whitecha- 
pel. Hackney, Bow, Bromley, Lime* 
nouse, Shadwell, Wapping, Mile End, 
Radcliif, Poplar, Black wall, &c. kc. 
And the parishes of St. Luke and 
Clerkenwell are included in the jo- 
risdiction of the Ossulston Court of 
Requests^ the extent of whose district 
may be conjectured from the circum- 
stance of 17>000 causes being annually 
decided by it. 

The attention of the House of Com- 
mons having been lately several tiroes 
called to this subject, 1 entertain very 



«an^i]»ne hopes that in the next sessioi^ 
an inquiry will be directed to be made 
into the power, jurisdiction, &c. &c. 
of every dourt of Requests in the Me- 
tropolis, and that from that enquiry 
some measure will spring calculated to 
remedy the evils now so generally 
complained of, and to prevent their 
recurrence. In the mean time, I trust 
that public attention being drawn to 
the subject by your Miscellany, some 
of your Correspondents will apply their 
minds to the consideration ot the sub- 
ject, and the devising of means to ren- 
der Courts of Requests more exten- 
sively useful, by rendering them more 
effictent. A Barrister. 

P.S. As the nature, powers, &c. of 
Courts of Requests appear to be but 
ill understood by many, even of the 
better informed class of society, they 
being generally considered as unworthy 
of serious notice, perhaps,. Mr. Urban 
would give insertion to a few letters* 
upon tneir nature, powers, &c. the 
manner of conducting business, their 
efliects upon the lower classes of so- 
ciety, the qualifications necessary for 
Commissioners, the means of render- 
ing them more efficient, &c. &c'. 

Mr. Urban, Linealn, Aug.g. 

YOUR Correspondent " J. B." 
seems to know but little of the 
nature of County Courts. The same 
proof of the plamtifTs demand is re- 
quired in them, as in the King^s su- 
perior Courts, and I beg to assure 
your Correspondent that in neither 
one or the other will a man be per- 
mitted to make out his own case in 
the way suggested, and obtain a ver- 
dict on his own testimony alone. 

The Jurisdicrion of the County 
Court is in general confined to pleas 
of debt or damages under the value of 
40i. (except in cases of Replevin, 
wherein no limit is prescilbed)' but 
the power of the Court may be grvttly 
enlarged by the Writ of Jmrtlces, 
whereby the Sheriff is enabled, for die 
sake of dispatch, to do the- same tes- 
tice in his County Coart as niight 
otherwise be had at Westmtiister. 

Your Correspondent is erroneous m 
every proposition he has advanced on 
this subject. No Plaintiff is entitled 
to recover in the County Court, tmless 
his original demand be under 4X1$. He 

* SochleSleft would be Merj>idUf. Itoir, 

cannot 



[IfA Campendmrn of County Hutdtyl'-TStaffordMhxre. Ififf 

emnbc n&aiatitn two aetkms ^Ibr the and 1 HcL he cannot eveii' iawfyify^^ 
tame idebt, and there are authorities to duce it so as to bring hiy caa^jyiri^l^lEt 
<kevrthat if his demand exceed >39s. the jurisdiction of the Court. . V^Hy 

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY. **^ 



STAFFORDSHIRE. 

( Continued Jrom p. 109.) - \., 

•* O my beloved nvmph ! fair Dove, 
Princess of rivers ! how I love 

Upon thy flowery banks to lie '-. 

And view thy silver stream 
When gilded by a Summer's beam, j 

And in all tnat wanton firy^ 

Playing at liberty 
And with my angle upon them. 

The all of treachery^ 
I never learned to practise, or to try.*' Cotton. 

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. 

This County has always been noted for the longevity of its inhabitailts : 
some of the most remarkable are given under the heads of the places in whidh 
they occur. — ^The original Calendar of the Norwegians and Danes, still ohtdins 
in* this county, under the appellation of *• Staffordshire Clogg." For a partici^ 
lar description of these Cioggs, see Gentleman's Magazine for 1812, part ii. 
p. 109, wnere there is an engraving of one. 

At Abbot's Bromley a remarkable custom, called the Hobby-horse dan^e, 
existed, as well as at Stafford and Leigh ford. — In the 'parlour window of Ae 
Manor-house, called Hall-hill, Mary Queen of Scots' passage through this plaice 
is recorded. . ' "" 

At AoBASTON, died Nov. 28, 1714, Wm. Wakeley, of Outlands, aged li25 
years. - 

At Alrewas, on the 4th of Jan. 1675, at night, a terrible earthquake was felt. 

At AsTONFiELD, Cottou the Pofet and Izaak Walton delighted to raiiible. 
Near it Cotton built a small fishing house, dedicated to anglers ^ a particul&r ac- 
count of which is inserted in part 1. p. 603. ' ' " 

In Ashley Church are monuments to the memory of some of the Ldtds 
Gerrards. 

In AuDLEY Church are monuments to Edward Vernon, l622, and Sir Tho- 
mas de Audley. 

Barr-beacon is supposed to have derived its name from Barrah, to eat sacri- 
fice, or to purify, and to have been the spot whence the Druidical priests J^vq 
notice of their sacrifices at Druidheath. 

Bbaudi^sert Park in 1815 was honoured by a visit of his present Majes^, 
the Duke of Clarence, and the Archdukes John and Lewis. 

From Bentley, Charles II. was conducted on horseback by Jane Lanej the- 
memorable daughter of Thos. Lane, esq. beyond Bristol, as her valet, in wkibh 
dangerous service she carried herself with great address and fortitude. At 'the 
Restoration, the Parliament allowed her 1000/. for this service. ' 

BiODULPU presents some curious remains of antiquity. The bride stcmet 
consist of eight upright free stones, two of which stand within a semiciniley 
formed by the other six. The outside stones are six feet from each other. Near 
them is the pavement of an artificial cave, composed of fragments of stone^raUuit 
two inches and a half thick : two large unhewn free stones, about 18 feet loDgy 
and six high, form the sides of this cave. ' ''I 

Bilston is remarkable for the imposture of Wm. Perry, a boy 13 yettsof 
age» who practised numerous cheats ; among others he made inky water, either 
from a haoit of idleness or to serve the purpose of the popish exorcists, till Bi- 
shop Morton made him confess the cheat. 

At Blore Heath a wooden cross was erected to commemorate the spot 

whtre. Lord Audley fell, which being thrown down, the Lord of the Manor, 

GiNT. Mao. September, 18t8. Charles 

4 



dlS Cm^mJ^in, of County Kuiory.r-St^^orMhkr^ (]Upt. 

Cbartetf Bootkby Skrymsheri e^, in 1765, ordered a stone pedettal to be |>lseed 
tKere with the cross upon it.— The Cfauroh contains numerous memorials of ibe 
illustrious family of die Bassetts^ some of which are very beaotifuly but are^ 
however, rapidly approaching to ruin. 

At Blythbridgb was the house ofthe learned Antiquary, Sir Simon Dbggb^ 
in which he resided at the end of a long life, and there died, aeed 92. 

In BoscoBEL Wood was the large oak in which Charles 11. and his faith- 
ful Pendrell sheltered themselves among the leaves and branches for four and 
twenlj hours. 

At Brebwood King John once kept his Court. — At the Free Grammar School 
was educated Bishop Hurd, Sir £dw. Littleton, Dr. J. Smith, &c. 

At Bromley died in lOA?* at an advanced age, Leofric 5th Earl of Mercia, 
the husband of the famous Godiva. 

Burstox Chapel was erected in memory of Rufin, second son of Wulfere, 
King of Mercia, who was slain here by his father in consequence of his con- 
version to Christianity. 

At Burton, in 1255, the greatest part of the town was consumed by an ac- 
cidental fire. — It is recorded in the register, that on the 15th and l6th of No- 
vember, 1574, the aurora horealis was seen. — ^In 179^ a night watch Brst esta- 
blished here. — In the years 1771, ll^Q^, 1795, and 1708, inundated by the Trent. 

In Boshbury Church is the tomb of Thomas Whitgreave, esq. remarkable 
for his faithful protection uf Charles II. 

AtBuKY Bank, Darlaston, are the ruins of an ancient fortress: its area is 
supposed to have been a sort of praetorium, and to have been the residence of 
W^lfcre from 656 to 675, hence its old name Ulfercester. 

The Curacy of Cannock was the first preferment of the famous Dr. Sa- 
(^everell. 

The site of Canwell Priory is now occupied by stables.— The Well called 
Modswell's Well, near the Priory, is famous tor the cure of weakness and dis- 
eases ; hence the name Canwell, from Cdn, signifying efficacy. 

In Caverswall Church is a monument to the builder of the Cisstley with 
a Latin inscription, under which was written^ many years after, some punning 
Unes. 

Chartlby is remarkable for having been for some time the prison of the 
unfortunate Mary Queen of Scots ; and here was a bed wrought by her during 
her confinement. Here it is said she carried on and contrived her correspond 
ence with the Pope. 

On the site of Clbnt Chapel was buried St. Kenelm, who was murdered in' 
a field close by : 

''In Cient in Cowbach, under a tborn, 
Lieth King Kenelme, with his head off shorn." 

On the wall of the Chapel is sculptured the figure of a child with a cvown. 
over its head, and above the door is a figure of a man much mutilated^ both, 
conferring benediction. 

In Clifton Church lies the body of its founder and his wife; also semral, 
monuments to the family of Vernon. 

. In the beautiful Church of Coosall is a noble monument in honour of 
Walter Wrottcsley. 

In CoLWicH Church are monumenfs of the families of Anson and Wolseley.: 
The burying-place of the Ansons is in the form of an E^ptian catacomb. 

In Croxoen Abbey the heart of King Johi;i was buried, as were moat of the- 
descendants of Bertram de Verdon, the founder. 

At Drayton was the curious old house (now given way for a modem one) 
in which the powerful and accomplished Earb of Essex often resided. 

In the Church of Dudley Priory were many fair monuments of the ^omerys; 
and Suttons, and especially one very old i the figure measured eight fixt, sop* 
poaed to have been one of the Somerys. 

EccLBSHALL Church is remarkable as having been the place where Bishop 
Halse concealed Queen Margaret after she fled from Muccleston : it contiuot: 
some monuments of the Bosvile family^ whose ancient seat Byam, situatad to 
the North-east of the palaec, was afterwards converted into a farm^house^ . . :• . r 
. AtEDiALL, near Lichfield, Dr. Samubl JoKiiaovy <' boarded and tap^^t 

the 



18^.} Compendia qf County BiMt<nT/.'-f^StqffQr49hire. 819 

the Latin and Gre«k lAugliagies/' to '^oung gentlemeti ;'' and there tlie cele- 
brated David Garrick» and his lm>tlier George, oecame his pupils. 
■ In EoiNOHALL Parsonage resided the learned antiquary Tneophilus Bucke- 
ridge, until he removed to the Mastership of St John's Hospital^ Lichfield. 

In Elford Church are some splendid monuments to the Ardernes^ Stan- 
tons, Stanleys, and Smiths. 

The whole of the delightful scenery at Cuville, the seat of the Earl of Stam- 
ford, was designed by ihe poet Shbh stone. 

AtFAULD died, April 6, \645, Wm. Burton, the Historian of Leicestershire. 

Fetuerstokt was the residence of John Huntbach, the nephew of Sir- 
Wm. Dugdale, and whose knowledge of the antiquities of this county was very 
extensive. 

Ford Houses, Wyaston, was once the property of Erasmus Darwin, M.D. 
the Poet and Philosopher. 

In Hamstal Ridware Manor-house is preserved a curious old iron caoe, 
in which the heads of scolding women were placed to enforce silence, called a 
Brank. See " Fosbroke's Encyclopedia of Antiquities,'* p. 237. 

At Hanbury, in 1777, a smart shock of an earthquake was felt. 

Near Handsacre Sir Wm. Handsacre was killed by Sir Robt. Mavesynand 
his party, who afterwards lost his life with the gallant Percy, 1403. 
. James Sands, of Harborne, died Dec. 6, 1588, aged 140, having outlived . 
five leases of a farm of 21 years each ; his wife lived to 120 years of age. 

Harborough was the place where the poet Shenstone passed his early years, 
and it is celebrated in his poems. 

Ilam is noted for the tomb, well, and ash, of St. Bertram, who is said to 
have performed many stupendous miracles here $ the ash was much venerated 
by the common people, who considered it dangerous to break a boueh of it. 
This saint, ash, well, or tomb, is now little thought of. — In a grotto here the 
celebrated Congreve wrote his first and best comedy of the '* Old Bachelor." 

At Kingston was buried that learned antiquaryand civilian. Sir Simon Degge# 

At Lanb-bnd died, in 1769,aged 107, Lydia Barber, and in 1774, a^d 124, 
Rosamond Cook. 

The learned Thomas Loxdale was Vicar of Lbbk about 1730. 

Lichfield was honoured with the particular notice of Charles I. — A great 
plague raged here in 1593, which carried off above 1100 inhabitants.— 'Here was 
a mmt granted by Stephen, to Walter, Bp. of Coventry. — In this his native city 
Dr. Johnson began and finished his tragedy of " Irene.'* — At the Episcopal Pa- 
lace died, March 25, 1807, the celebrated Miss Anna Seward. — Near the Close 
was a famous willow, the delight of Johnson's ** early and waning life" (I use his 
own words), and even still more so of Miss Sewaras ; it was tne ornament of 
Stowe valley — the subject of every writer — the gratification ofeverjf naturalist — 
and the admiration of every traveller. Dr. Johnson never visited this city but hft 
proceeded to his favourite willow ; a description of which, drawn up by Dr. 
Jones, at the desire of Dr. Johnson, is in the Gent. Mag. for 1783. — In the 
Grammar-school was educated the elegant Addison; Elias Ashmolb, the 
Antiquary; Hawkins Browne, the Poet; the Rev. Theophitus Buckeridge • 
David Garrick, the inimitable actors Dr. James, the inventor of the Feifer 
Powder; Dr. Johnson ; GregQry King, the heraldic writer: Sir Rich. Lloyd. 
Baron of the Exchequer; Bp. Nbwton ; Mr. Justice Noel ; Lord Chief Ba- 
ron Parker; Bp. Smalridgb; Lord Chief Justice Willes; and l^rd Chief 
Justice Wilmot. 

At LoN^DON died Mr. May, aged 108> and a woman aged lOQ. 

In Madbly Church are several monuments to the memory of the Egertons^ 
afterwards Earls of Wilton, and of the Offleys, great benefactors to this parish* 

At Maer died, in 16^3, aged 138, Mr. Richard Wilson. — The cloth for the 
Coqioiun ion- table in the Church is an old Turkey carpet » the gift of Margaret 
Tether to this Church in 1639, ^d brought by her from Constantinople. 

In Mavbsin Ridware Church are several monuments in honour of the 
MavesynSt ^<Qe of which have b^n opened at different periods. The ^(tar- 
toinb of Sir Robert Mavesvn, who slew Sir Wm. Handsacre, is very hahdsonxe» 

Upon the lofty tower ot MyccLBSToN Church the spirited but unfbrt^i^t<» 
Margaret of Anjou beheld the battle at Blore-hbath^ so fatal to her cause. ^ 

In 



2^0 Omipmdium of Cotinty Hist&ry'^Staffordshhre. [Sept. 

In Nebdwood Forest is an old oak, called the Swilcar Oak, celebrated by 
poets and botanists as the monarch of the rest of the oak trees in the forest 

At Newcastle, Plot saw a solid block of stone which exhibited the petrified 
skull of a human being, probably of some malefactor who had been executed 
here ; the spot where it was found being still called gallows tree, in memory of 
its ancient appropriation. 

At NoRTON-LE-MooRS, in the possession of the Rev. Dr. Turner, is the ori- 
ginal death-warrant of Charles 1. with all the signatures of his judges. 

At the seat of the Stanleys, at OkeCY, Edward IV. was a freciuent visitor for 
the amusement of Hunting; and where the Earl of Richmond slept on his way 
froni Lichfield to Bosworth field. 

At Okeover Hall is the celebrated painting of the Holy Family, by Urbino, 
valued at 1500 guineas. 

Henry Gough, esq. nephew of Sir Rich. Gough, kt. of Perry Bakr, was 
father of Richard Gough, esq. •' the second Camden.'* 

The original endowment of Rolleston Free Grammar-school, written in 
black-letter, and illuminated, is preserved in a small wooden cabinet in the 
school-room. 

In RusHALL Church are buried several of the family of Leigh, one of whom 
the author of " Critica Sacra," who died in 1671, is buried in the chancel. 

Sandon was the birth-place, residence, and burial-place of the learned an- 
tiquary and genealogist, Sampson Erx>eswick, who died in l6l3. — In the 
Church is the monument to his memory. The inscription is long and singular. 
There is also a tomb in honour of Geo. Digby, who in resentment of the in- 
sult offered to James I. by Scioppus a German, attacked the offender in the 
streets of Madrid in l6l4, and nearly murdered him. 

At Stafford was a mint established temp. Wm. I. — ^The ancient custom of 
Borough English still prevails here. — In St. Mary's Church are some ancient 
monuments to the Astons of Tixall, and one to Lady Barbara Com|>ton.— -Here 
St. Bertilline, Scholar of St. Guthlac, led an heremetical life. 

In the room at Stawtow, in which Archbishop Sheldon drew his first 
breath, are the following Iambics, written by Bishop Hacket : 

" Sheldonus ille Prsesulum primus pater ' 
H08 inter ortus aspicit lucem Lares ; 
^ O ter beatam Stantonis villse casam, 

Cui cuncta possunt iDvidere marmora." 

At Stow ALL is the shire oak tree, once celebrated by Swift. 

Stone Nunnery was erected in memory of Wulfed, who wias slain here bj 
his father Wulfere, for embracing Christianity. — In the Church-yard is a spa- 
cious cemetery of the Jervis family, Earls of St. Vincent. 

In Bishop Stoniwell's Cha|)el are monuments of the Arblasters and Onnes. 
On the floor is an ancient stone to Bishop Stoniwell, the founder, dated 1653. " 

Stowe Church was once remarkable tor numerous monuments to the family 
of Devereux, only one of which, the tomb of Walter, 1st Vise. Hereford, who 
died in 1 558, yet remains. 

AtTAMWORTH died, in 920, Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred. — ^In'the hall of 
ihe Castle was formerly an old rude delineation upon the wall, of the last bat- 
tle of Launcelot of the Lake, a Knight of Arthur's round table, and Sir Tor- 
quin. In it was also a richly sculptured chimney-piece. This castle is sar- 
rounded by rich and luxuriant meadows, through which the Tame and Ankor 
flow. Drayton has beautifully described the scenery. 

In Thor's Cavern, according to tradition, the Druids performed their san- 
guinary rites, and sacrificed human victims, enclosed in wicker vrork, on the 
altar of their idol Thor. 

At Tixall, the seat of Sir T. H. Clifibrd, hart, is the marriage of Prince 
Arthur in tapestry j mentioned by Walpole. — ^The Heath was the acene of a 
most cruel assassmation, marking the vindictive character of the feudal times: 
it is related in Harwood's ** Erdeswick's Staifordshire," p. 60, note. ' 

AtToTMANSLow lived a Shepherd who was 120 years old when examined 
by Dr. Morton. He accounted for his longevity to his never having takeii to- 
bacco Or physic, nor drank between meals, alleviating his lhir*t by rolling peb- 
bles in hift moulh, &c. 

At 



1823.3 Staffbrdshhre.'^Increase of Madhousu. t^l 

At Trbjitbam in 1805 his preaeDt Majesty visited the Marqnis of Sttfibrd. - ' 
TuTBURY Castle was visited by King James in more than one of his progresses 
through this county. In it was confined Mary Queen of Scots, from Oct 1568 
to Nov. 1569; she was again removed here in March, 1585 ; and here received 
the proposals of the intriguing Duke of Norfolk, as the only means of obtaining 
her liberty. 

Uttoxetbr is particularly noted for the longevity of its inhabitants. Sir 
Simon Degce mentions about a dozen instances in this town about his time. 
In 1702 died two women, one aged 103 and the other 126. 

At Wall, in 169O, a gold Otho was dug up; and numerous pieces of anti^^ 
quity, besides Roman coins. — Near this place a Roman military barricade, com- 
posed of entire oak trees, standing on end close to each other, was discovered. ' 

At Walsall a very remarkable custom still prevails. On the eve of Epi- 
phany, a gift of one penny is regularly distributed to every person resident in 
the borough and neighbouring villages. The origin is uncertain. Some say a 
person of the name of Moseley hearing a child cry for bread on that day, wa* 
90 affected that he vowed the like should never occur again, and so left his txtsi^ 
nor of Bascot as means to prevent it. — ^The manor was once the property of the 
Earl of Warwick, the "King Maker," and the Duke of Northumberland, whd 
lost his head in attempting to establish Lady Jane Grey on the throne. — Here 
was the seat of Henry Stone, esq. a zealous parliamentarian.— In the Free 
School was educated Bishop Hough, arid the first Lord Somers. 

In Wednesbury Church are monuments to the Dudley and Harcourt 
families. 

At Whichnor a flitch of bacon Hvas hung up every year, in a manner similar 
to that custom at Little Dunmow in Essex. 

At the Whitb Ladies Charles II. was concealed after the battle of Worcester, 

Whitmorb was the Curacy of the celebrated John Ball, called the " Pres- 
byterian's Champion," from 16IO till his death, Oct. 20, l63Q. 

In Wolverhampton Collegiate Church is a statue of brass to Admiral 
Rich. Leveson, who served under Sir F. Drake against the Spdnish Armada; 
also to Col. John Lane of Bentley, who concealed Charles II. after the battile 
of Worcester. — In the Free School was educated Sir Wm* Comgrevc^ the ce- 
lebrated engineer, and many other living worthies. 

At " Wotton under Weever, — Where God came never,'' was the seat of the 
Davenports, which is remarkable for having afforded an asylum to the cele- 
brated J. J. Rousseau. 

At Yarlet was found the brass head of a Roman Venabulom, or hunting 
spear. S.T. 

1 • • 

Mr. Urbax, ,^2fg. 16. happiness I represented to myself, as 

THROUGH the medium of your always prevailing in its vicinity—but 

widely-circulated publication, I the scene appeared changed — :in all 

hope tq draw the attention of persons directions I observed numbers of neys^- 

of sense and humanity, to a subject of built edifices, all strongly grated and 

much importance ; and, in the present barred, which I imagined to be prj* 

stateof society, one that must be in te- sons, and lamented that, my natiVe 

resting to all. Having lately returned county must have lost its wonted cha- 

to England, after being absent from racter for honesty: but on farther e^- 

its shores for more than twenty years, quiry, I learnt that they were not pV}- 

it is not extraordinary that I find many sons, but receptacles for Lunatics ; tnat 

changes wherever I go ;• but none that they had of latie greatly encreased, that 

distresses me so much, as the necessity the large. edifice, which I recollected 

that exists for shutting up from society being built by subscription (though.it 

such numbers of individuals, who for- was always considered much mon^ 

merly enjoyed the liberty so much had been lavishly expended, on a bn|jq- 

boasted of by all free-born English- ing, far too large and e?fpensive/ fpr 

men. I had not been landed many what was required) was^.s^tso; alwa^ 

days, when I eagerly repaired to my full, besides another very large, ppe, 

native town ; I rambled every where for a similar purpose 1 and tl\at diej^ 

about it, to the extent of t\yo or three were many other houses, as weU as 

miles, to the haunts of my jouth, ex- private lodgings, all apprmmated to 

pecting to find the same hilarity and the same sad occupation, ana that they 

wer 



\%% Mddhou»^»^SpanUh CMue.rr^The Slace Trade. [Sept. 

were sapixl^ encreaofig there, and in subscriptions for it are closed in this 

9ther towns, in different parts of the coqntry, the war will be at an end. 

Ungdom. Why subscribe for a set of people that 

I^rhaps some of your readers may have in the present instance shewn no 
be able to point out the cause of this patriotism, no pluck, and are divided 
distressing fact. Is it to be attributed among themselyes, and a large portion 
the encreased luxury that prevails i in favour of the old order of things ? 
to the encreased consumption of spi- The Cortes and the Leaders are 
rituous and intoxicating liquors I Is ec[ually unworthy of liberty. Where 
it to some defect in the mode of treat* bigotry has so much dominion as in 
ment, which fails of producing the Spain, the progress of liberty must be 
cure, that medicine so frequently effects slowt but still it is gradual and cer- 
in bodily complaints ?•— or is it (as my tain of attaining its end. 
informant insinuated, and he seemed The Slave Trade,'^! sincerely wish 
well acquainted with the interior pf it may be effectually abolished i but 
these houses,) to the profit derived by let me ask, is there sound policy or 
the rough and ignorant persons, to common justice in the means recently 
syhom the unhappy inmates are trusted adopted? Have not the consequences 
^tirelyj for at least twenty out of been attended with tumult and blood- 
every twenty- four hours? May not shed? Ought it not to be duly consi- 
tbe mind, when deranged by some dered, that the sole property of some 
irritating circumstance, be of too deli- thousands of English is situated in the 
cate a texture to be capable of endur- islands ? Are these our countrymen 
ingtheungentle attacks of these agents, to be overlooked, and our sable bre- 
whose interest so strongly inspires a thren alone to be considered? Had 
wish to retain them in their power the outrageous declairaers in favour of 
much longer than necessary ? I was the negroes their only property situated 
at the same time assured, that the in the West Indies, I much doubt if 
eagerness to obtain a fresh patient is so they would have been equally strenu* 
great, that as much jealousy and ill- ous or violent in their efiorts* But if 
will prevails among the fraternity of their zeal is so abundant, why not 
applicants, as among the candidates for open subscriptions to purchase West 
a lucrative sinecure in any of the de- Indian property (whicn is to be got 
partments of the state, and that the iu- dog-cheap in these days), and thus 
£uence of this feeling, as well as the give the world an example of self-de- 
profit derived, is branched out in so votion and humanity! Do not ima- 
many directions, and all the ramifica- gine that I have any interest, further 
tions from them extended so widely, than a general one, in this question, 
in a place of no trade, where employ- Neither I nor any of my connections 
ment is eagerly sought for — that it have a shilling in that country, or pro- 
wQuld be a vain attempt to endeavour bably ever shall have. But I know 
to call the attention of^ the inhabitants that the sufferings of the slaves are 
to the evil before them. much exaggerated, and that more ac- 

If this mode of doing it should be tual misery is daily experienced by the 

more successful, I shall, in a few general mass of peasantry in Ireland, 

months, again quit my native land and occasionally m this country ^ and 

<pcrhaps for ever) with the comfortable though instances of cruelty in planters 

reflection of having contributed my may be produced, still this is not their 

mite towards the welfare of numbers habits ; their interests and personal 

of worthy, though now wretched safety forbid it: but what country is 

beings. T. T. without crime ? and in the land wnere 

A slavery does not exist, is no cruelty or 

-^ J f. oppression to be found ? Let the per- 

Mr. Urban, Aug, 20. petrators be brought to trial, and pu- 

F^RMIT an old Correspondent to nished according^. Let those who 

revert to, and give an opinion up- traffic in human flesh, when caught, 

on, some of the subjects oi the day : be severely punished, hanged if you 

they are, I trust, given with good tem- please. In time slavery must cease; 

fct and humility, and not so as to ex- nut in common justice, forb^r from 

cite controversy or acrimony, but as a givins false hopes to the blacks there, 

malter of calm discussion and conside- whicn must be productive of morder, 

ntion. and the total ruin of the Ck)looiet. 
Tfte Spanish Cause. — Before the TfMfj.-^To these the Cterey are as 

Strictly 



IM^^ !niM;ME^4M III AMlbm I^M ftH 

fcird & ttt hk f^hdU: ' III ieriMii^ i^ mlim^dy m am ftMk dsmMif^ 

the Cki^ <ki not bt-tay'lhisifai e^ M4l liiAccirdy ba|ie tllit Miotetef^ 

lUidrdfiesi md if ttcife'W eit i i rflpi ln tSt&nB umf <h«Bt with i|ie aMMtiMt 

tbnrtlr hisbted Uponv tb^ faiatibieH wdm wbick thftjr deaervei Wdl taay M 

find thedeitiaad likltiifteh^ indrtttrtt ^ mUH ''d^cctitisr It k hide«l f 

mift. It %roiild be dnflhible} fa«W^er»^ bmenti^la hatj thai thtg^ ttidBt deU^itM 

tfaat'flotte prdJ«M 'was sejton- ibol -Mr fbi and (i think 1 maf add) fluaai 

redeein the Tltbes; Upoh the prinoiple txalttiig^ bvakc^ bf otir Chctfeh Servtod 

of the Laad Tix» whtdi I ifanember is nowi in many instance*, M^MtS 

to faav^ teaa anggatted in some of your a ndere inUifkide to amoBe the oonttl^ 

former Numbeia. It is for the biene- catton while- the Miiiisidr iachan^og^ 

fit of. both parties that a Pastor should ni» dftesi i or to gH^ a few peiMMMjr 

stand yi(heXi with his PaTishioners, and setf-eleeied fct the purbdse, in ^6)pMV<^ 

Ihai (IMS' cau^ fiur dispute should not tnnity of dispbyiM now Utde mif 

edkt . SicA. understand either or mt^cdrt^if^i 

. ■ ^ '■ Sorely this is not to «* maka m^ock iA 

pViHi', SeUharih Aug. 90. the heart*," thts will' Hot sMit hi 

ABOUT the y^r I819, two ymihg called to '« sing with the snirii aim m 

tneh nhdcftoek to explore a sort understanding also !'* f 

of ctotoiqig of cir^ice, in tne rocks on ** I cannot hot shake iby hiad>'^ 

ibe N6ffh aide bt ^hain Dene, Dur- says one who well knowa tha vahie <lf 

haiQj ykhibit, afUi' clearing away the this serricey— :'* I cannot hot shake Bljf 

tiaiih to ttie^tentof fifteen feet^ they head, when I hear an Meet 6( m& 

ditcoveM k Ooiliiderilble quantity o^ Church calling opon the ptio|iAe 'ttf 

boMa, wMnl hnihafo, consisting of sing to the praise and f^oiy ot'God;*^ 

^hBI WUh tfeeth enttr6, and the rest immediately naif a doaen n^einry khtoy 

of bt^ and dttadnipcds. Also among in a hiah piiace, shall take up Aid ihat- 

^e ioZl thntwii cKit, were found many ter, and most loadly chacir it ' aWM' fef 

nlarilie alliBlls^ inich as cockles, mus-' the praise and glory of thAi^ksdlf^' 

d^ atfd lim'peU. The tone perhaps shall be too difiei4t 

Frdkfl thiEi mrtnili&sUnee of shells be- for the gitrater ^art of the c O B ^ ffeal U 

ing tovLttd in the salne recess with the tton, who hate no lehure* to^ Utaif 

bones. I am lead to conclude that they crotchets and quavers ; and so thcf 

niuat tiaiye beeh deposited there at the most delightful of all public worsfatpf 

time 6f the Deluge. What corrobo- shall be wrested from them, and th^ 

rates this conjecture is, that the open- praises of God taken out of theiii 

ing or chink being at the bottom of mouths. It is no matter (he con- 

the rC^k, and near the ground, shells, eludes) whence thia custom arose j in 

bones, &c. lying loose there, mi^ht itself it is neither holy, decent, nor 

natnraily be oriven in by the agitation useful, and therefore ought to be ba* 

of the waters. nished entirely from the Chorcheb olT 

TTiere was, likewise, among the God/* 

abov^ a stag 6t deer's horn, of a pale I should myself be much inclined 

yellow odiour, about eight inches and to doubt the possibility of introducing 

a half in circumference at the base, the regular chant into odr paru£' 

with the usual hollow, consisting of churches (except perhaps in the im-^ 

two antJ^ one broken, and the other mediate neighbonrnood of the Metrcl^' 

whole!, fi\iitA all over, as if by the polis, where these things can be better' 

comisiern 6f time. The circumference attended to), but I perfectly agtee with- 

of the'lanzer broken one is six inches Modolator, that some alteration H*. 

and a halt. The rock is twenty feet necessary. 

high or more, and ranges along for a A great desideratum in this depart* 

considerable way, formmg one side of ment of the service, in my opinion, is' 

a narrow dell, or dene. R. W. a regular and established set of h3mins 

^ ' or psalms, to be used throughout the 

Mr. UflLisAir, Aug, 23. kingdom^ It will be urged, I am 

IT is iiot without considerable pleai- aware, that this is already extant in the - 

sure that I find your Correspondent Old and New Versions of the Pbalms 

MoDULAT6k (Parti, p. 397) has been of David) but these have of late^ in- 

eadeavoonott to impress on the minds towns particularly, fallen alttiost int6 - 

of the pn^bUa theneci^ity of some r^ disiuse^ aftd etery parish diuroh has a 

. . set* 



n4 



Ptalmody.-^SignaU.'^Deereaie ofHirundinet. 



[Sept. 



set com(>iIed or composed for its own 
exclusive use. Tlie ccmsec^uence of 
this is^ that a stranger, even if he have 
his own prayer book with him, is en- 
tirely excluded from joining in the 
praises of the Church. It cannot be 
denied that these hymns are generally 
(except where, as I have heard is some- 
times the case, the Clerk favours them 
with "a hymn of his own composing**) 
more adapted for the purpose, than the 
versions of the Psalms ; not only be- 
cause more exactly composed from the 
writings of the New Dispensation, but 
also because, being shorter, there is no 
necessity to sing only the "first four 
verses," and break o£(, as is frequently 
the case, in the middle of one of the 
Psalm ist^s sweetest prayers. It is, 
therefore, I think you will allow, 
' much to be desired tnat those within 
whose province falls the regulation of 
these matters, would provide some 
established form, different from that 
now nominally (and nominally only) in 
use, to be uniformly observed through- 
out the kingdom. 

But I have already trespassed too 
much upon your time, ana I am, I 
liope, fully aware of the imperfections 
of the above observations ; but should 
their deficiencies induce some more 
able champion to stand forth and de- 
fend, from the indiscriminate innova- 
tions of modern taste, the forms of 
our venerable Establishment, I should 
not have offered them in vain. 

Yours, &C. HiBROPHILUS. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. 10. 

IN your Magazine for Dec. 1821, 
^p. 560, I find an account of a code 
of signals submitted to the Lords of 
the Admiralty by Lieut. Burton, for 
the use of different nations. The ac- 
count states it is by numeral flags, and 
that seldom more than ihree are used, 
or scarcely ever more than ybur, and 
with them QQQ numbers may be made, 
and by the addition of a substitute flag 
9999 cau be produced. I am not a 
naval man, but have often turned my 
thoughts to the use of Signals ; I am 
unable to find how the above numbers 
can be made with four flags only; 
perhaps some of your readers could be 
good enough to inform me how Lieut. 
Burton's (^e is practicable. 

The numeral flags of course answer 
to the figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, 
and the greatest number to be made 
with four flags only, can be but 987(), 
and without a substitute being used. 



all numbers in which the tame figure 
occurs twice or more,uiu8t be left out, 
as they are in Capt. Marryatt*s Code of 
Merchants' Signals. I have tried five 
numbers (viz. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,) by per- 
mutation, and using only four of them 
at the same time, 1 find 205 changes 
may be made ; with four figures (viz. 
1, 2, 3, 4,) sixty-four changes only. 

A COMSTAHT RbADBR, 

MBAR TUB SbA. 

Mr. Urban, Jiig. la 

THE Letter of your Correspondent, 
signed «'An Old Ornithologist," 
in July Number, p. 15, stating that the 
Swallows and Martins have been much 
fewer of late years than formerly, in- 
duces me to send you the following 
curious facts for insertion in your Ma- 
gazine, which may prove interesting 
to many of your omitnological readers. 

All the four species of British Hirun- 
dines have been decreasing in num- 
bers ever since the year I8O9. Last 
year their decrease was prodigious in 
some places, so as to excite the atten- 
tion ot the most indifferent observer of 
nature. The Chimney Swallow, Ai- 
rundo rustica, or chiltdon provene of 
the new arrangement*, has been par- 
ticularly deficient in numbers, more so 
than any other species, and this not 
only in England, but nearly all over 
the Continent, as I ascertained during 
an extensive tour which I made to the 
Southern parts of Europe last year. In 
France, bwitzerland, and Germany, 
this species, as well as the Martlet, 
kirundo urhica, were particularly scarce. 
A few Swallows flying over the Rliine 
at Basle, on the 4th of August, 1823, 
attracted my attention, not having seen 
them in any number befoie all the 
summer. Both the above species ar- 
rived late and in small numbers this as 
well as last year, and there can be little 
doubt but that the observation of Mr. 
White of Selborne is true, that these 
birds in certain blowing and otherwise 
unfavourable seasons, undetgo great 
devastation durins their aerial voyages. 

The scarcity of Martins about Lon- 
don has been by some persons attri- 
buted to the quantity of gas lights, 
which may have, by their pestifeious 
fumes, driven the swarm of flying in- 
sects, the food of Hiruudinea, awaj 

from the neighbourhood of the capi* 

■ ~ — ■ 

* See my Synopticil Catalogpa of Bri- 
tifhBirds{ and th« first part ^ year i»t- 



seat Volume, p. f 09. 



ul, 



IS^.] Jonmai of^a MidMhipman m iht Meditfrranean. 5295 

tai; but as I have shewn the scarcity old Roman road, there are. the remaint 
of Swallows to exist almost every- of some antient warm baths, the spring 
wiiere, the former of the two modes of of which is naturally warm ; one only 
explanation seem most probable, and remains with water in it ; and I bath- 
it IS likely that these prolific birds re- ed : it is a running stream, and is al-* 
ceive annually great checks to their ways clean. In one of the old baths 
fecundity, from adverse winds and we saw three large snakes, which rose 
other atmospherical causes of untimely up on making our appearance in these 
destruction. T. Forster. ruins ; we of course attacked them, 

^ and made them retreat without much 

JoDRjfAL OF A Midshipman. *™"^'t.« ''"^'"S ,^,?'5*"^ *«" '"'« * 

snort time, we killed one as he was 

{ Continued from Part u p. 421.; coming from his hiding-place. 

WE sailed from Naples Bay on the The ship was quite a rarity in this 

llth of April. I did not co place, and was crowded so much, that 

«at on the mountain as I intended ; sentries were placed on each gangway 

for the last three or four da)rs it blew to prevent people from coming on 

•o hard that no boat could leave the board. There is not such a thing as a 

ship, and the mountain was covered large ship belonging to them.- The 

with clouds, so as scarcely to be per- people were surprised, on coming on 

oeptible from the ship. We have been ooard, at the cleanliness, the order, 

cruizing off and on Elba and adjacent and comfort of the ship, 

islands. We sailed from Civita Vecchia, and 

May 26. Fell in with the Admiral's anchored off St. Stephano, on the 

ship, which made signal for us to fol- l6th; it is a small village in the 

low, and we are now on our passage to Grand Duke of Tuscany s dominions, 

Leghocn, making all haste, as the Ad- and very beautifully situated at the 

miraPs ship has run us out of sight, foot of nigh mountains, covered with 

and I do not doubt that she is at an- verdure. JNothiog particular is to be 

chor by this time. said of this place ; from whence we 

After cruizing off the islands of Pon- sailed for Giglio, a small mountainous 
za, &c.- for some time, we came to island, covered with foliage. The 
an anchor in Civita Vecchia harbour town is situated at the top of the 
on the 26th of April. It is a small highest mountain, and is fortified; it 
harbour, just water enough for our is governed by an old Irishman, who 
ship to lay in. We arrived here on invited us to visit him, which we did. 
the grand festival, which lasts three We had exceedingly hard work to 
days; I believe it was a celebration of reach the top of tne mountain, but 
the saint of the city. The Governor were amply rewarded for our trouble, 
«erit to invite all the officers to his as we spent a very pleasant evening. 
house, as there was to be a brilliant We are now (June 7) at Leghorn, 
display of fire-works in front of it ; the I am much pleased with this place ; 
rooms were crowded with nobility it is a clean pleasant little town. There 
from Rome ; ices, &c. were handed is on the mole a very beautiful monu- 
round, and the crackers made a good meiit of four sigantic statues, and an 
report, and every body was pleased, immense marble statue, representing 
After this we went to tne Play, which the Grand Duke's son, who was put 
was very bad ; the house not so large as to death for breaking quarantine. The 
a. barn, and of extremely bad form, it story is this : A pirate had been very 
being as long as it was broad, and rect- -annoying amongst the boats, &c. be- 
anguiar, and so narrow that a person longing to the Duke*s dominions, and 
from the opposite boxes might with a nobody would engage him: the Duke's 
long stick tap you on the head. In son being a brave man, manned a boat 
all the Italian Theatres there is a and went out to meet this common 
small circular box in front of the stage, disturber ; and after a hard fight, over- 
in which the prompter sits and reads came and brought some away prison- 
i^u^ actor's part so loud as to be very ers, who of course were put in qua- 
unpleasant to the audience. rantine, it not being known from 
t The country about Civita Vecchia whence they came : he was so elated 
it extremely beautiful. About three with the victory, that ha jumped on 
tniks up the country, going out by the shore tg tell the news, and thus was 
Obnt. Ma«. 5^tem&fr> 1 tit. put 

5 



S96 Of ih% London Theatrn, No. XIIL [Sept 

put to death by his father. The four parts of the *'Si^ of Rhodes,*' and 

statues represent four black men (a the comedy of ''The Wits^" at Apo- 

father and three sons) in chains at the thecaries* Hall. Whether this was to 

foot of apedestaU on which the statue avoid interrupting the respective per- 

of the Grand Duke stands. This is formances at the Cockpit or the house 

said to be the best piece of bronze in at Whitefriars, or that neither house 

the world. was large enough to admit a rehearsal 

I took a ride to the English burying of the new-invented scenery, is un- 

ground; it is really worth seeing; certain. 

weepins willows and cypresses are In either the month of March or 

scattered about, and flowers growing. April, 1662, the house was opened 

round each grave. In this place is with the first part of the" Siege of 

the tomb of Smollett. Rhodes,** '* havins new scenes and de- 

We sail to night, June 7> for Elba, corations, being the first that e'er were 

^ introduced in England f." And it 

Op the Lomdon Theatres. ^PP^^^ ^^^} P'Avenant enga^ eight 

^ YTTT women to join his company, boarding 

JNo. AILI. four of them, as principal actresses, in 

Portugal-Row Theatre — Sir William his own house. 

Davenant* 8 Theatre — DukeqfYork'i In June 1663, the breaking out of 

Theatre~^Duke*s old Theatre in Lin- the plague occasioned a genend stop to 

coins Inn Fields — New Theatre in all aramatic exhibitions. The ravage* 

Little Lincoln's Inn Fields — Lin- of that fatal distemper only seemed to 

coMs Inn Fields Theatre (now decrease in the metropolis in Novem- 

Spode's Earthenware Warehouse). ber, and not wholly extinguished un« 

SUCH are the appellations at va- til February following, when the pub- 
rious times given to this building: ^c be^n to cautiously mingle, but it 
and much confusion has arisen, as well was still considered necessary not to 
from the near neighbourhood of this permit the Theatres to open to gather 
Theatre to the one that stood by Vere- a promiscuous assembla^ of persons* 
street, already described, as from the Before a licence could be obtamed for 
circumstance of both respectively be- again commencing performances^ the 
ing built in Tennis-courts *. This awful Fire of London served to pro. 
house stood close to, if not partly upon long the suspension, and this Theatre 
the division of the parishes of St. Griles was not again opened, until the Christ- 
in the Fields and St. Clement Danes, mas holidays of l666. 
It fronted towards Little Lincoln*s Inn The production of new pieces, and 
Fields, a plot of ground whereon Ca- the revival of several stock plays, in- 
rey-street nas been since built, which eluding Hamlet J, Macbeth, and othei 
then had a thoroughfare to Chancery- confirmed favourites by Shakspeare, 
lane near Bell-yard, through Jack-a- with the aid of splendid dresses, and 
napes-lane and Portugal-row, and novelty of the scenery, attracted Mch 
formed a path-way from St. Clement's an uncommon flow of public patron- 
Fields, crossing Thickett's Field, ;to age, that Sir Wm. Davenant, whose 
Chancery-lane. superior taste, judgment, and know- 
Sir William Davenant built this ledge, in the regulation of a Theatre, 
Theatre for the actors collected on the was conspicuous on all occasions, 
eve of the Restoration by himself and planned the erecting another house 
Rhodes the bookseller, and who per- more commodious for the public, and 
formed for a short period at the Cock- also more convenient for a display of 
pit in Drury-lane, and also at the ^^^ improved scenery, and which was 
Whitefr'iars. to be erected in Dorset Gardens. Sir 
While this Theatre was buildins, William Davenant died before the 

Davenant prepared and rehearsed both ■ — • — ■ ' — ■■ 

^ t Downes' Rosciiu AnglioMiiif, 1708, 

♦ Davenant, In the comedy of «• Tha P'20l. 
PUyhouse to be let," written for the above X « Hamlet being performed by Mr. Bet- 
Theatre, makes a Frenchman call his com- terton, Sir William (hairing seen Mr. Tajlor 
pany a troop, which the tire-woman, mis* of the Black Fryers Company act it» who 
oonceiving to apply to cavalry, says, ** I being untmoted by the author Mr. Shaks- 
thought ne had ta'en our long Teanis- peare) taught Mr. BetMrtoa in aftn ilrtl- 
eMMTt for a stable." tie of i%:'-^Bos€ius Ang, p. «l. 



aew 



1833.^ PortugaURow Theatre.-^ Ben Jonsons Orave. WT 

t## house was finished, the comJiaDy Mr. Urban, Aug, !0g. 

not Jremoving there, as sdready noticed, 'T'^HE absence of a f>Iend from home, 

until November 167I. J- whom I was desirous of seeing. 

After that period, the old Duke's afforded me a leisure hour this mom- 
Theatre, as it was then called, was ing at Westminster, which I thoughts 
tc-converted into a Tennis Court, and . I could not better employ than in vi* 
probably occupied as such until 1694. siting the interior of the sublime Ab- 
In that year tnc overbearing system of bey Church, a venerable magnificent 
management adopted by the patentees building, in which I have passed many 
of Drury-laue Theatre, having occa- an hour in contemplating the arclu« 
stoned a revolt of the principal per- tecture of its loft3r ailes, and in viewr 
formers, and the nobility supporting ing the tombs which adorn, as well as 
the latter, "a. subscription (according those which disfigure, their design and 
to Cibber) was set on foot for building beauty. I had scarcely entered the 
a new Theatre within the walls of the usual door of admittance in Poets* 
Tenni