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T I ?l THE 

Gentleman^ Magazine: 


Hiftorical Chronicle. 

Volume LXIV. 




at CUtTt't lliaJj Red Lien Pajagi, Ftcil-Stritt ; 

JM Md by ELIZ. NEWBERY, tlie Cornn of St. j'o/'i 

dvtk Tttrdf Lutlfstt'Strttt. 1794. 




Hiftoricalr Chronicle. 

V o L u M E LXIV. 




It Ctttrt'i iitai, Itii him Pafig/, Flat-Strut : 

I AriMi by ELIZ.NEWBERY, the Cornet sT St. i>W> 

dwth Ttird, Lu^MU-StrHI^ 1794. 



TH E copious pBse, to Mch enquirer Uear, 
Aftain ccxnnleiBd withithe roHing year, 
Gr2t;:ful we haill— -AnticipMingpleafnre, 
hc.tacc, iniprofcmentf taftey aoii leJkrneJ 

leifure ; 
All that a long eftaMifliment can Riv«, 
Or credit or coimcxitxis can receive ; 
Wfiate'er rcfults from a celehnoiik name ; 
Vhatecr is fand^iwA! by the vc»ice of Fame j 
Or what the praife of juft and fit can meet; 
Wli.iicvcr hlenJs the ufeful with the fweet. 

Wl,at tho' Hem Winter now unrival'd 
Binding e.i^h bud and flowV in icy chains; 
Tlto\ at his voice imperiousy ceafe toroll 
The lordly rivers to dieir wonfed goal ( 
Tho' a'l The melody of foiig is mute. 
And n'^iyt hpt plaintive notes refound acnte ; 
Tl.o* lire'> warm tide is in its cnrrcnt chiU'd, 
And niinic i>eai h from every thorn diililPd ; 
While a: the paufes of each boiil'rous blaft, 
Or abfcnt fun, the horizon's o'ercaft j 
Still unimpaired remains the mental zed. 
Arduous of knowledge yet to be pofleft ; 
Ple^tfures unclnngeable the mind piirfues, 
Afpiring (Idl to bright unmortal views ! 

Sucii arc fllie walks where Urban ftill 

Where Tail e condo^ls US| and where [udgc* 

ment guides t 
There fiourilh cvcrgrccni and flowretsbldid, . 
Ciaisi'd and arrang'd by his dircAinr hand. 
But, while Belbna's enfigns are unfurl'd. 
And ttiunder with incefl^tnt rage is huri'd t 
Wtiile GutNiclefs hordes from Gallia fpr^ 

Ever rcnew'd, enthufiafls in arras | 
While difcord's to each difibrent purpofe 

And 9ged fyilems from f heir roots are torn ; 
While Gothic rage deOroys fair Leanitiig'i 

^nd drives Religion from its calm ntfTMtSt. 
Dow Ihould we prito the Meffings we tvjny I 
llay no vain wilh for change the fame annoy 1 
Vo f peculations idle brains produce, 
Vtijing Wifdum to apply to ufel 
Vo cheap dilUo^ons, ai» when 'A\ prefume 
The reins of State, unlkilful, to aifume I 
ft4ay Peace once more attend this happy ifle, 
▲iid Urban's laboui's tho approving fmile 
liver infure} and thbik protedlion claim, 
Whofe fmiles are Fortune^ aiui whufe praiU 




FT have theMpfes, in their happy botur, 
Dercrib'4 tbt pWafunB of the t afttc 

An j oft, refpondflnt to the ftfatherM choi'r, 
Bi^eJKh'd the foft no^es of Love*:^ pnihfk fire; 
With lays liarntonious Ion; have nuig 
Tlie notes of m.iny a warblii^g tongue, 
WhkH ftill ito^.leeted «iight hava lahiy^^ 
J N nea th the frown of lUrn Difdain, 
^adft th'iu not cheer'd tlicm op to ligh^f 
Pofter'd for the puhlic" fight. 
What thanks to tliee ihall unfledg'd Genius 

give ? 
How can they pay thee who haft made tliem ' 

Mechlkniclcs too, whofe deep refearching flcill 
K'>w moie than fixty yean thy pages fill ^ 

Of nil tlie various arts,cootr1v'd by man 

To fmnoth his way through life's paecarionf 

Improve bis morals, dignify his miqJ, • 
The krt of Letters is the firft we fin^ ; 
Bled artl by fieav'n at firft deftgn'd 
T'enlighten and improve mankind. 
What blcflings to it morta's owe I 
WlwteVr thty tliink, whatc'cr they knowV 
In this thy perfcveiiug plan, ; 

Ob Ubb Av, elevates tl;e man ! 
Through all the various feaf^'ns of tlie ye.iry 
Thy anxious labours l^ill rencw*d appear ; 
Andy 'midft a jarring worU*s difcord;>nt 

rudnd, "* , 
Thy peaceful voiceof mild inftrudlioii'sfound. 

Prefcrving, mindful of th' imhonour'd dead, 
Tlie fame of thou'andstliou tiall careful fprc;id) 
Guconrag'd ArtiAshail thee asilieir fiithd, 
Whilftfair PbUanthropy tby leaves extend. 
To thee the tributai y fong 
And^Ylraios of gratitude belong ; 
PoOerity thy woiks IbiU claim— 
Theii' eleeniofinaiy fame 
To difbnt regions (hall fend forth 
Their nat onal and private worth. 
Hailf London ! chief of Britain's happy ifley 
Tliybiiaftis here, that Urban- did compile 
A worky that fl\ill to diAant ages reach. 
Whence nations yet unborn IhkU learn an4 


Gooni ingenuous Urb A ¥, in thy race: 
Great is tbe prize, and long may he the chacel 
■ Nor mind inglorious Envy's pale-ey'd hate. 
Envy 's the grid, the bra^s, and Virtue's fate: 
For Learning's fon< now urge thee on; 
And Fame already has begMn 
To fpread tliy name wide o'er the wor<ld, - 
Far as Commerce e'er unfui I'd y 
Whilft many-headed Fa'fehood views. 
The nobler paths thy plan purfues. 
Where Antiquarian Knowlot'ge holds to li;^t 
Kcliqnei ol Titpn dr^gg'd Uoji QUiviyi^ , 

Adieu, friend Urb an, may my wilh appear 1 
And may 1 live to hail anocher year ! 
Grateful to the Supreme, who lends to lU 
The treaUi hU Providenca will foon recall. 

KT.^ould not di^ra lo hwe predicted. We forbear to dwdl 
f^.t^ p(t9]ifiil Recital 9f iUnghicred Armies; qr on oihm. 
tad ftill more a^^Dg peraftuiqo^ of Cruoter^ who's 
the aiioieE(>us Vidiaift hci^. either ^ the Colkcf Sez» ur^ 
frorn Ifihacf or Age, vtiable to ccfift ibe Ferockjr of their 
Al&ilapia. Whatever may 'be tbeTenninatiqBt Uwfe arc 
Events whicti Itamp an iiidelible Dlfgrace on the I'erpe- 
uaiora; ofwhoai, very many have in their turns already ex- 
piated il^eir Climes under the band) of Public Juftice; and 
that in fuch a rapid Succeflion at muft a[lonil]i the moft inu- 
tcntive Obferver. Ha^ Ing felt it our Duty to rolate with Fi- 
delity thcfe melancholy £vcn:s as they have arifen ; we took 
to the Great DifpoTer gf Events, in humble hope that the 
ftepaX Mercies which have hitherto attended this favoured 
^UQtry, may long be continued to it. Happily prefen'cd 
by our Infular Situation froin the more immediate Scene of 
War; may we be truly ^nlible of the BleiQng; and may our 
ioe&imable Conflitution long remain impregnable to the Ac- 
tacks of every Alfailant, and be tranfinitced inviolate to the 
latcft Poflerity t Wilhing moft rmcercly to. draw a Veil over 
whatever might tend to keep open DiiTentions wliich we hope 
arc now for ever clofed ; it w;U Ii- fuiEcient to recall to R-- 
culleiSi9n the Lxceilcnes ol our Lnws, ;uid rlie I'urity v.k\\ 
wbicii they are adminlltcrcd. — The Keader vv:!i pardon this 
Kffufion, not wliolly undigrellive. 

To puf numerous and very Ifaincd Correfpondents wc have 
to pay thofe Thanks which their own ingenuous Hearts v/ilL 
diftate to them in the warmcil Terms, without over-rann^ . 
our Sentiments. To them alone it is owing that the Gen- 
tleman'* Magazine has fo long prefrrved its Literury Re- 
pmatiou. Their Contributions unite to form an Aggic^sw 



of Entertainment and Inftruftion. With Pride and Pleafurt 
wc look round co fome of the brighteft Ornaments of Church 
and State— i-to the Bar, the Pulpit, and the Senate — and fee 
in every Department Names of the firft Diflindtion who have 
Xent their early Shafts from our Ulyffes^s Bozv. And it i^ with 
confcious SatisfaAion we reflect that, whenever the Impetuo- 
fity of Controverfy has led our Correfpondents to a greater 
De'gree of Warmth than cooler Prudence may have fuggefted^ 
our Columns have ever been open to the Vindication ot every 
Perfon who has thought himfelf aggrieved; and in fome 
Cafes even to an Infertion of a diredk Attack upon our- 
selves. Let this, however, be a Hint to our Friends, not to 
indulge too freely in the Satiric Vein. We wi(h to hold out 
an Olive-branch both in Literature and Politicks ; and that 
an Armiftice may take Place in the Territories of Mr. Urbah^ 
even if it Ihould fail on the Continent of Europe. 

In one Department of our Mifcellany it is not arrogant to 
aflert that we (land unrivalled. The Obituary forms a Body 
of Biography, which Poderity will look back to with a Satis- 
faction which any one may conceive who for a moment con-^ 
liders the Defers of (imilar Annals in preceding Periods. In 
this Branch of our Labours, we have to acknowledge the Af- 
(iftance of many Friends. At the fa^ie Time we requeft thofe 
who in future may be inclined to favour us with Intelligence 
of this kind to cbr.fine themfelves in general to Dates and 
Fadts, and to avoid expatiating on that which, arifing from 
Circumftances of private Knowledge, or a local Nature, may 
ferve equally for Thoufands, as the favourite Individual to 
whom it is promifcuoufly applied. 

The mo(l difficult Part ot our Taft remains; an Apology 
to thofe who may feel hurt at their Productions not appearing 
in Print. To fuch we can only fay, that, in Cafes where 
Articles are wholly improper^ we regularly point them out ; 
but that all others are intended to be ufcd, till the Prefs of 
frclh Correfpondence becomes fo great, that, large and crowd- 
ed as our Pages are, and fmall as is our Type, we are ofttfn un- 
able to find Koom for what we eftcem truly valuable. We have, 
therefore, to requeft Indulgence on this Head ; and to beg 
that our Friends will be as concife as the SubjeA will admits 
and avoid, wherever they can, fuperfluous Controverfy. We 
confider ourfelves as Caterers for the Publick; and wifhing, to 
the bed of our Abilities, to furni(h them with Inftru£tion and 
Delight, we truft they will give us Credit for endeavouring at 
leaft to peiform our Tafk with Impartiality, and with (omc 
^fihc Advaatagci obtained from long Experience. 

' % MilNnAf««f/>i*>«/ir December 1793, Mi January 1794. 





tOU af Wauhw io DMHber, 1793. 


E calm 



niftr. <l»rkdir 




aii« llcT, Ur i*j, EaU nil) at iii|M 


E aim 



(naU rain mufl of iha iUt, man ai nifU 





ptaarfltT. (leliBhJulJ.y 





biKk flcy, rm>U rain 

S calm 



black in the hoEJTtitT, nin at aisbt 




bl«k Ikr, rain in th> niita 


S cMm 



black. Ik/, roifty day 





black Ikj, line! da; 





cloJdr. dark day 

SB n«dent* 



nin, clean up P. M. 

SW brilk 



black cl.«Jj, delightful dV 


SW in»tente 





sW modem* 




SW uljn 


rruft, rain ?. M. 

SW ulm 



ilnrk fkr, firw dar 

S mnd^e 



orarcan/'baiiry ram 


S imideriw 



blu* (k)r, irer cloadi, hMvy Amnri )> Ito ahnt 


S hnk 



lain, deai) up. On* afterWMk 

S5E mixierau 



Br»I very faw day 

ESE calm 



Froft r>»,t>iar, UKkdi; 




S «lm 

ig, 10 


rab,clsinBpP. M. 


E Eentit 



cloud,, mild, and plMbDt 




dark Ikr, <w <>>n 


S calm 



niift, * nn Unit fm P.M. 



cl«id,, litita rah) 


se ulm 



black Iky, run and voy plM&nt 


E calm 



turd fron, &iie day 


ti Etmla 



hard froft, rain at i»fht 


S gc.icle 




inililiieaanabbiitliiEr<,ob{cr*edin Novemhar lall, ha inftnerald^tinMd liUtli* 
t^ih sf [lie prefent mniiiti, wlienchtftolt besan pretty Ceveraly. OattwaaUi, belJileittM 
pniceliiof vegMation and vei;dureo( thefiaUi noticed in NoTember, the lupin wamb- 
I'cmd in bloom, Ilisl«ndi ^hof the ftstet pea r«nuia3ig in thOGround fliooting out i-frelli. 
El^k CMmni bods mucli fwetled- Coofebetry in blnomi upon fume treti the fruil wis , 
ftnsed. The (now-di-op ftenii had broki (round coofulerably. SpaiTOWS coltcftcd toge- 
Oltr in groups *"<', I»i't«ring their filutitions, ai If of Fprlng, cuniinue buly In buiUin^ 
Iheh-aefli- The ckifeoftlis year vErymild.—Fatiofrainthiiniorth, ] inchei. Ev^oratiiin 
line, a-iotlu. — Fall of rain ilw whole year jjiocbetf-loihs. £vipnralton iS inc. 5'ioih>, 
v. i. The beifhB of the Bar and TlMniwaieur an Cdtcn about 9 o'clock in the mominx 

ir^M, wr Uvtr/I^. J. Ht>LT. 

MiraoKOLooiGAL Table for January, 17^. 
Haifkt ofFahteakett'iThMnMuiM, [elffat of Fahrenhdt^ ThtnaHittit. 

- ^t*'^*;^ • 

T tt-E 


- » 

ite TANUARV, 1794-. 


TH TlltOW PSTXa AT PlllLADtL?Bli« 

O umafUMmat eniU 

9 jK chit ImTv m f»tir«t «f 
P . M ill QpApCMit ud atdi- 

'WWW]3 cal tr«am«it, thai, at 
i^«#«j>«-OT tkii»iHB«it,eoaie|lura 

it Maiiy aa «a|iia at wIkb tha rdatioa 
tf tha panrakMt^ of dM 4ijMa wufirft 

tioa, aMi mnimm Maaat of prrrcncim* 

Imuuy iaMm cataAaopfac, or iraogt 
phjooMiwnai ihc wiarf m apt lo tddocc 
Hic irl obviDDt cauic to tspliioM ef« 
kd. Tba FhiUdclphianty iocxperi- 
caccd io tbc caluttitiet of |>cftitcnct« 
Mid Of iiaiod by iu ripidityy afcribcd 
what was fo deeply fclt within theoi* 
(€iw€9 to Ibopo cifcumftiDcc immediato* 
if wttbitt their owo cooteiaplation ; and 
cbcf, for a mmv^Ue difcale, (earching 
for a jraarty/frcaufe/the French refugees 
frooi 6c« DooDiago, who amounted to 
aboat tOpoao perfoM within the limits 
of FhAlodelphia» were reforied to in the 
prefeat dtlemma; at the laine tioie^ tbefe 
very people* except the youth, were <ha 
hcatthieft Yefidents in the citT» (carcely 
rEcluding the negroes, who braved in- 
ie^ioB almoft «vith impunity. ThePbi* 
JjidelphiaBs had but juft afl'umed the 
langoage of in?cftieation, before they 
law theiutility of afcribing an eflfeft to 
a cau(e that only exified in conjedure t 
thev relinquiibed t4te emigrants of Hif^ 
panWa for danuged colfee, putrid ve- 
•etabies, and other fources equally fu- 
v.^. 1 exculpate theaffrighud Arncti- 
ub» ; they tvcre, and are at this mo« 
asent I believe* ignorant of the origin, 
aad early progrefs, of this iof«6iieus 
difeafe, and naturally fought fnr caufes 
within th^ir immedface invefligation. 
ks origin i prefume co explain, not (6 
aocb with a vie%v to gratify curiofity 
ss, bT a derail of ^ - rapid cxunfioa in a 
dimatc parallel with our own, to exctto 
iSiM alaioif trhxth, may infpire piccau- 

^ Jf I may aet ba 

parfeftlyaccwaia at to daui whhm a 
dayortwoi bfiltnit thtt will ikwio* 
Talidata tha ftaanl accuncj of the fol- 
lowiaf ttlatiooi* . 

Amit two jtm ago, a anmber of d^« 
laded par&aaof thiikiafdoiii,aBdehicl. 
If iahahitaau of cbia city, amonf 
whofli a fpifk af eaferpriaa it pravaltnc, 
adopctd tba lahcnc or f onDiag a fectia* 
meat on tba anealtivaied iilaad of Bo* 
laoi, oiPr he contiacat of Africa. They 
embarked without the fuitable requificcs 
for the occafion, without poffieHiog the 
lead claim to the place of their deflined 
inheritance. Various diArefles fupcr- 
vened after arrival, and ficfcnefs fooa 
diilipated their hopet, and thinned their 
numbers ; and, to angment calamitief , . 
the Afilcans, reiefliing this encroach* 
ment opon their territories, attacked 
the improeident invaders. 6ome got to 
Sierra Lcona i the remnant purchafcd 
the precarious liberty of (etiJement.Wirh 
ruined fortunes, and difappointeil pro- 
jeAs, this miserable remnant at length 
failed from this feat of difeafe and fa- 
mine io the Hankey, capt. Cox, to iht" 
nada. The vcHcl arrived off Grtnad^ 
about the middle ok February, an<i an* 
chorcd at fume diHance from the tier 
of (hipping. At this period there whs 
no prevailing difeafe among anv of the 
ftipping, or upon the whole ifland of 
Grenada, in a few days the Hankcy 
was brought nearer into land, and ' 
moored in the tier of merchantmrn. On 
the \tiy next d<iy, a failor in the n^xt 
ihip adjomingthe Hankev (hewed fyotp- 
toms of fever; and foon after many oihcrs 
weieactacktd in a (imiUr manncri and, 
early in April, a conHderabte part of 
the white inhabitants of Grenada l«« 
boured under the difeafe, and by the 
end of Augoft one h^lf ol tbe uhole jq. 
babitaati fell ? i^mi la it. 

Oftht TiUm Fevir «# Phitadctphrau 


. Mol of the miferabte paflfcngcrs ft^om 
BuUm died in the courfe of the Toyaee. 
The furrivors not only came alhore, but 
the clo'itht of the difeafcdl p^flleiigcrt 
%f ere aftually landed'. H ^u) iadced, 
carl y 4)brervcd, thar^ (6 great wiit tbe 
mottiiity amoni; thofe wlto vifitcd the 
Hankey, at length none but ne$>roes, 
who were very- Tittle liable to tfhifr fe- ' 
\erf admioiftefed to fhe nKc'lficils of 
the (hip; for» the original crew was near- 
ly extin6^. 

From Grenada it viAted Tobago, 
^here it wat more fatal than at the for- 
mer iflandy and fome'time aftarwardt it 
appeared at Antigua, and likewife at St. 
K.itea. In thii iiiOoiy* of the progreft 
of dtfe^tfe, it is ce'tam, that thefc iflands 
Averc infc>9ed betofe the diieafe wat no- 
ticed in Philadelphia, as will be farther 

Antigua, although one of acYuOer of 
about 60 illands, it, I beheTc, void^or 
nearly fo, of any fpriogs of water : it 
it peculiarly dry, and depends upon rhe 
c.louds for the fuppiy of this ctfential 
fluid, whch IS preserved in calks or 
tanks fur domcftic ule. Here, how- 
ever, the difeafe was not le(s f^tal than 
at Grenada, both among liie inhahu^nts 
and the Teamen. Whcrwer the dtfcaie 
appeared, it fpread r^tpi'lly, whether 
the iflaud was tosv or high« moi() or 
dry; and not only fn, but among (ea- 
Btcn unconn.flcd with the land ; a re- 
markable inftance of which occjrrcd in 
tue Experiment man of war, oft Eiigt:flli 
harbourinAntigua. Not having her com* 
plimenc of guns, flie, at^hi^ time, only 
had too ft. amen on board, all in he«tth. 
]n mpk:ng the hajbour, (he dri^ctd fo 
mi:cM, rhrft captain Kciiy, then in poit, 
f'.'ni off \m to her *ilill:uice. 
The next day one of the Experiment's 
men was attacked with this fever, niiJ 
on the tucLCLdiag day another. Thts 
alaru/ed the commanding oiricci, who, 
deemtii^ ihe fe* i^ir might prove more 
(alubrious, and I;>ip the pro^refs of the 
infection, pu^ otl 10 tea : in vain, how- 
ever, Wr)8 this Apparoniiy judicious con« 
du£t ; before a wc^k w:«$ cl ipled, he 
rerurned, wiih extreme di(Kcui;y, from 
tbe licknefs of his creiv, to the {^nghih 
barbour, whence he drew the origi- 
nal poifon. 

It is evident, from the beft iiiform- 
ation, conve%ed by numerous letters 
from Piiiladelptiia, and from the accu* 
rate publication of Matthew Carey, one 
of the i'urviving commitiec-'men of this 
cityit that ibt appearance of cuit ipfcc- 

tiout tjireafe was foipe months after the 
arrival of the Hinkey at Grenada; for 
Dr. Hodccs' child w^s the firft vi'^im 
of *h at Philade^phil, -^nd he wWs 'iT« 
ticked en the s6th ork7tb bf.Jaly, and 
died nil the 5th of Au^rtift^ 

The only French (hip which the 
Americans fu^peQed or infeflun '• ^s,, 
the britateer Sans Culottes Mar(elluis» 
with her prize the Flora, whi.h aiiiv^d 
at Phil dclphia the 22^ of July A few 
da\s prior, arrived a vtfTe; from loha« 
go, which had loll neatly ah her h-inds 
by a malignant fever. In the river ihe 
(hipped frelh h^nds, many of whotn 
died. From ilii« (hip the American^ 
refeived the fata poifon. 

From the relations hitherto commum* 
cated to uv, the diftafe tranfp'antcd frofi> 
Bulam to Gieddda was tiTentik ly the 
fame a^ that likewtfe fo 'a^ai at Philadel- 
phia n e yellow ti>>(*ue of the (km. 
the fvhtptom^ and event, and the fame* 
nefs of the vidims. ail combine to con- 
vey this convi^lion. The unluppy 
Frenchmen, driven from St. Doaiingo, 
and inhabiine; a part of Philadelphia 
analogous M our wapp'ng, were next to 
the Negroes mod exempt fiom this very 
difeafe, which they have 1>een f4lfely ac • 
cu^ed of propagating. The N-grojs of the 
Entail Ih vVeit-Itidia idands, liKe thofe of 
the /^mericen continent^ marched through 
the io!e61cd tanks vlmodwith impunity. 
The iil'nd ot H fpantcU, ind 1 believe 
every other French ifland, has efcaped 
the lava^ei* of this tcbule I'oi'on { and 
hence, frifin everv confideration, I am bold 
to conclude, tnat with nerher French- 
men nor American^ did it or gioate, bat 
fiOm Engliihmen alon", diiven from the 
impure iiland of Bulam, in the minner| 
an undtr the circumllances, 1 have aU 
reac«y (hied. 

L 1% unoccefTarv h^re to advert to the 
incetfant ioteu lurfe between the little 
A:uciican batks, and ail the Antilles! 
they cover thi« pa t of the A i Untie ocean, 
in carrying A lUr, (laves, cattle, and pro- 
vtfi .n^, to cvi^iy key and cieek. 

It is remarkal>!e, that aith..>ugh (and 
I fpeak it upon iDduhita ile author.ty). 
one half of the w^Ujs of Grenada and 
Tobago have died, wc have heard lefa 
tumour or alarm in London« about tb:» 
dread rui fardity in our own coloniea» 
tuan from Aner^ca • It nia^ perhaps 
be owing to «^rifju« circuintt4nces : aU 
though thi& fever hj^ been ctrtainly dif- 
ferent in (onie ref..ex''ls fiom ihe comipioa 
yello.v fever of the Wc a (ntiies, yet at the^ 
fame tiioc tli«: ihcie caiftcdmvch aoa* 

fjf^ ' fti r^tk^'^lMfrfrm Mr. Gihhotu 5 

Igtfw 1«6 womMit iml tcrtar would bt ex- wise, tid corHialt, in general foceefsful » 
^MidMiillMiilltlllciitlic coikmthU but that, it bit Aock of trcjimcst wtt 
#M^ Ul ftoMAif Mrf fibSqr mull bt imc adopted bv tbe4ikday, bb oaiicM* 
«iMi ib'Ao iin^liaMkn r ftod ib k OBiformlf dkd. 
smedi lar», wybpot dpahr, jnauy wcf Tb* accovMi fraoi tbe WcH lodbt 
dnot^cd^ oiii McMbftii't dncut appctivdy j^otu^ Ibit nracsicioBt iipwcrdt sml 
A vWriit Mft toiik dt ttrdAi dtMi^ bnc dOfni#afdi» Urhb ditariftg uutHtioo mi 
JP^riMv mmiM. Ibridfft wn« moft Mudry j nMfeCttn 

Tib ^ wbM hafB H tbe WHI M^ howtirerftvMtd. 
liMe*, cf^iMBt f« dofti of «tr. wbca Gap. SiMwt iOiifcd iiic» tbfr, wbMI Idl 
dWM dabi^, MddM flDrnvet in Boi op« foM lay off Grenada, 17 ot bit cmr, 
^MiMBWillfrft id ihbt tht fill rebciov out of 18 inivAed, mowoitd by Ait 
'Mli^dlliHIhiittitfollNRiflRt anHcipitcd mitttnci tikll fasd fimiltr inMrniltiMi 
If jcrimtofroai tbe AMMfNocoMibchc. by a ytotlttoaa Irnii Aatm^ «tffio Mc 
TMb<mnbftiUiOflt»««d«begriattrfrc- thtc libad i« Nbt cttUt bft, wfatidw 
glM^ 5lf IdibtTi aod fSitiBty, in tbe difetlt wh «U pcet altw. 
WM Ttfita, #Bd coofMfMotly ltft)igi- I tM^uiitd |aniailarty» fHicthtt ttn 
AckHi, Ott ibt ftftlcot cfeutt mty htave driokctt wettkft Htbl* totfatdHMti 
dectfioMd tbe cdiiMratiVe filcike ffOfli butbtraooctttantycottld'btdioenaitotd* 
m oteaHtr #bere che dratbt bare been di feircral Mtnoea wtn fcadMed^ n 
icnny jp^dptttioually bigbtr «ban on tbe familicii end todging-boufeft in wfaidi 
Oidu tait. tbe fanltty «nn fwqveatly gmttr itiiobf 

Ii bit IMn iio*ietd,dktt^t fyiil|MMnt tbe iMMopontt ; aod on cbt orbtc Wm» 
Md fnaSnj %tre (6 fimUtr m to tuthcn* wbevt ibait tlmoft nlont efcftpcd. 
ddUe lit ftmcntfa of ipfeaiot. Wo All agiced that ilnngert, tad tboii 
lhif«abtlMtn favourod wicb flMoy dif« young ntnicularlyt were more Ktbte to 
ftttodi of ibe viAiliia of St. Di . Pby- cnuh tlili fover^ except tmoog ibe Ffondi 
§Agtatd taoiberaiedieal gentlcfiianymeB- in Phikdelphia$ wbo^ alcbongh ft wa gar t 
Ijont tic ftaMch, aa eshibitiag the moft in ihi« contiatK weWp natariUttd «o tbt 
obtioittt iMbt of diktfey this vtfcua Weli-Iodia climttt. 
tdng ver^ arocb iaiatoed» and particu* MSfrldttLOIiDIi ■*•!•• 

lariy t^ Citdia^ Tbt fubAaoce of tha ■ ■■ ■ ■■■ 

livaf didnoc tppMr «iHi€h dHtafcd, but Qai^WAL LaTTia »aoM tia. Oiitaos 
the galMilvlder arw g^atly dift«iid«d, tooor Pbiittmi. 

aad tbe acrimony of the bile fo tidcnc SIR, Lamfanmt, Ftb. 24, tf%u 

as to eaeoriate tbe ftio whcmver it came A T thit diftance from EngUad yoa 
cofitad. XlL will not be furprizcd, that tbft 

The diAVAions in tbe Weft Indict morning only, bv a mere accidrtit, the 
fpcak chiefly. of the nirgcfcenee of the Otntlem«n»» Magazine tor Auguft 1788 
liirer and gall bladder, and mention its fliould have reached my knowledge. 
Acrimony left coniiden^ble, but in great i„ u 1 have found (p. 698. 700) a ^itrj 
mcvfure eaonerate the Domach from any curious and civil account of the Gibbon 
^marv infcftionj io chat probabl> the family, more panicalarly of the branch 
inftraimtlinii of th'rtTifcuf,u it appeared from wh«ch I dcfcend, with fcveral cir- 
in Philadelphia, might arife fro*n the cumftancei of which 1 wat myfelf igiw* 
acrimony of the bile, and the ettortt and rant, ind feveral concerning which 1 
adioo in vomiting. ihould be defirous of obti'ning fomt 

Aa to the trtaTinent of ihc difeafc, the farther inform^iioo. Modefiy, or the 
pliyficians in Philadelphia at widely <iifr affirmation of mod ell y, inuv lepcat the 
Hr as ibe ^tiphlogiftic and vix ea nofira 'voeo •, but cxpt .nee hat 
Crcatmeott. proved that iherc is fcircrlv An^ man of 

Some phyhciani, who are faid to have j tolcfablc family who d«»cs not wifh to 
been very fucc«f»ful, gave opium, ami- j^^ow at much a* he can iDout it| 

muay, and calomel, to US. upon the fkmi j, fuch' an ambiuon enhir foo lOi in it 

but, whether any bentfical qlfcft would fe|f, ©r hurttui 10 foticty. 1 addrtfi 

be derived from mercury^ in an acute ,ny(cif to vou a» to tbt laft, or one of 

f-are of ai!«sfe, is notafcertained, though j^g j^B, of the learned P. inters in Bu- 

Iweatiog from the above combination ^^^^^ ^ moft rtfpeaable oidcr of mtn » 

mi^ht ftem (alurary. io j^^ fa„ «.oniuunc^ »h .1 you will af- 

, Profclfor Kubn informs me by letter, ^^^ ^^^ grat.^cafion of my curiofity. 

that X7hcn he bad been coofuheo, within p^^haps, it u be not a fccret, yovi may 

a4 hour* from the aiiack, he found bark, ^ ^j,i^ toditclofc tbe name of .the au- 

Letter from Mr. Gibbon. — ijftf/^.— Ormefta. 


Hiorof this'articlry uhich it fubfcribcd 
N. S. and rhrouc^h your ch«Dnel I migbt 
corrclpoQd dire^ly ^vi!h a gentleman to 
whom 1 arn aTei'^y obliged *. He it 
onl} midakeo inone f 1^^, in coofound* 
ing mv grandfather witri my father. 
Edward Gibbon^ the So..:h-Sea direc- 
tor, died in the ve4r 1736 : hit (on, my 
father, who lived t>M 1770* wat the 
member ^or Pctersficld 1754, andSouth- 
ampton 1741. 

I am tempted to embrace thit oppor- 
tunity of fuggeAing to you the ideas of 
a work, \vhich'mu(i be fufely well re- 
ceived by the public, and would rather 
tend to benefit than to injure the Pro- 
prietors of the Gentlemio't Magmine. 
That voluminous feres of more tbaa 
thrcefcore veirs novv containt a great 
aumber of literary, hiiiorical, and mif- 
cellancous articles of real V'llue : they 
arc at pre lent buried in a heap of tempo- 
rary rubbifli ; but, if properly chufcn 
and claffed, they inight revise to great 
advantaiic tn a new publication of a mo- 
derate iTze. Should this idea be adopt- 
ed, fc^v mcQ are better qualified thaa 
yourlcif to execute it with tafte and 

It IS not improbable that I may do 
myfclt the pleaCureof calling upon you 
ID London, before the clofe of the year. 
I ihail be happy to form an acquamt- 
anccwb itb a perfon from whofe writiogt 
X have derived both amufement aad 
iafoimation. I am 

Your obedient, humble fenraor, 

£. GiiaoN. 

Mr. Ukban, Cambridgt^ Jam, sa. 

THE egotifro of diTcouife is for the 
inoft part the txprefTion of un- 
guarded vanity ; and, if we laugh, we 
pardon the weakncfs. But egotifm in 
print muO be at a lofs for an advocate, 
and CdODOt expe^ fimilar iodulKcoce. 
What IS haltiiy compufcd it aUvayt 
C4»ully reviled. The tall lingle-Iettered 
proiiouu mutt, in a fcrutmy, ever be 
conl'piwuous. He is fecn at the head of 
thr ranks, and is taller by the (boulders 
iJun his comrades. The Reviewer can- 
B* bwii rec gnize the obtruding pedant. 
Wh.t t.»L*n IS our treatment of the au- 
thor vvliu permits him without muleda* 
tioB to pjiade before the pubiick ? We 

* Iha writer of tlkC article nut being 
known, the query in vol. LJLIli, p- 536, 
was inlerted on Mr. Gibbon's arrival in bng- 
laoU, wTiicli produced an expLioabon highly 
gpoifying. £01 1. 

laugh indeed at before i but, where wc 
deem it not infirmity, we are freo to 
bint the expediency of corre6Uoa and! 

To promote the ** inflru^iTe and the 
agreeable,'* which your Mifcellany (ai 
happily blends, 1 fend you an extraft 
from a publication, intituled, '* Obfer- ' 
vationi upon the Expediency of reviling 
the prefcnt Englifh Verfion of the Four 
Gofpels, Stc. By JohnSymonds, LL.D. 
Profefforof Modern Hiftory in the Uni- 
verfity of Cambridge." 

The Preface opens thut : ** When / 
firft fat down to collect the fcattered 
obfrfvations, which at various timet / 
bad made upon the prefent verAon of- 
the New Tellament, it was my defiga 
to offer the whole, or the ereater part 
of them, to the pubiick; but; foon after 
/ had begun to range them in order, /. 
found them to be much more numerput 
than / CLxpe£ted : and, at / was perfua- 
ded that it would ill become $k4. In ar|r. 
fird attempt of thit kind, to prefume 
too much upon the indulgence of mjf 
leader, i determined to contra£^ my 
plan, and to confine' it to the four Go* 
fpels, and to the A^s of the ApolUes.". 

In thit Angle fentenceg the firA of the 
book where the author fpeaks out, / 
occurs feven times, mu once, ^j Tour 
times. * Yours, Sic, Iota. ■ 

N. B. The fecond fentcncn beginr 
** The publication of nQT Remarks,'* 5cc. 

Mr. Urbav^ Dic. so. 

THERE are fome ftriAures upon the 
word Ormiftm^ in your Volumes 
LVll, and LVIU, among which therr 
is certa'nly more good fenfe and plaufi* 
bility in Mr.Jackfon's explanation, than 
in ine eccentricities of fi. B. G. Vol* 
LVtI. p.787, not to mention his blunder 
oipigejis ioi ptrigejb^ 

Though Mr. Jackfoo's conje£^ure has 
been paitiy overturned by L. E. Vol. 
LVIU. p. 681 } I am in doubt whether 
this gentleman has been liapjiirrtnfublti- 
tuting his orbumatflitia. Jt muft be ad« 
mitKrd, tlMt this inierpretacion derives 
lome fupport from the article Hormed^ 
in 0\x Cangc's GlofTary ; but this autlior 
in the article Orjii^«,where he produces 
fome authi rites to /hew il)ic Oroiius'fl 
work hat been fotneiimcs called, de mifi- 
ria bomtnum, cires btephanus Tornac. 
in Epilt. ad Willel. Archiep. Rhenr>en- 
fern, who has this exprellion ** Orroefla 
ett non parabola, quam prop.'no," where, 
fays lie, Ormtfta ieems to be taKco for 41 
Uui byi§rj, tuch av is tliac ot Orofius. 


XAdMifs Semid.— Pr. Lickorifli. f 

1) cJTM by TrmBt mihith tntrt viiiua by that ■!• 

CeTlS," U luSTtOut prelate. 

^/«rmi- Your fiir cotFcfpoadtBt halt tWIW*. 

" Ormilm Icfii do inteaiion ur cidudwert-.tjMWMf 

mic liift»t Kpiaic vf Se. Paul m ibc CocwikiMS 

di MlinU.'* fran ibc Jacrtd uuoii, liKUith IN* 

AnaiiTig. priaiir, twomutiax ihe Diiinbcr, b>> 
Mad* har fpftk of the frjl u af ffo m^ 

You... fce. N. T. 

BiBoricu Mr Vbiah, 7«>. ■^- 
n will ba 

k ib« the . _ 

ifitUtA. bcrlal, gi>iBK»a»uuBt ufMr. 

Si K. dolph'i " &wipiMram«»i6u» aHliiiMw 

^"■^^^ wm Mgumcau," l«j«, ** locb arc w •• 

Ifrk UlSAB, Jm. ■{. infer Iwi bacn it) aB^MT «• 'b* kaiaa4 

TUB icMaifct oa ■ jpaflua ui Mr. DoOar," (m tlic wrinr ^aafm w fpuk 

BafwaU'i Lifc of JahalMi, wbick of ayfclf) " t^t » afpctr* act oa^f n 

rtmtmt to iafcit ia yoa Magaiiaa ha«< coa&rmwl hiai, vtio liud beta aa 

Da a a rttI if f Ji I «aa iarfacad la Haretic, u ibe irac hith, bat, ffim ika 

■^a, fiMB aathm of jaft aaA aaaly una) ia whicb ba 'ratanincadi u, w 

(dhaoaaatfVhkh I fait at hii vtry aa- ba aa uaa>r««tabla praduAioa." 

JMLaaJ IHI Ban aaaualj. trumcat In thit aflcttioo tka wiiicr tnt coa»> 

if Mifiijlawardia'tba praccdiag aiim- miitcd a mat ni(l«W. So fit fiTOi ifaia 

bar> Wbas I bat than (o yaa, kwaa faouk baKiai unMitcd aw, lay Uct^ 

■f iavadaa, I owa, M caur wunlr meat* upoa tfiii aucHion arcrc doer- * 

ma aaj dikafioa wbich tba; otiftM eiiacdi ibM ii, I bad finnlt catMaced. 

fcaaaai— waTly aravokad | aad tb«r«- ib« doAliaa of aur church tcrpcAin^ a 
Jo,^ atnrfa to ffhiiag =- -^ ■■-'—■ ■ 

cnaadii. : 

•■« - 

a fnritlcft eoaicl, bcfida iba fw o7 lomc of my rtiloai fuTiliiDkiQ|><l 

•afctagtea ftca wiib your pfoptnjr- I him of our church upon thii impaitanc 

iteak }0U fer the bioE comrnuaiciKd qucdiun to be the dr>£liinc of hciiptuia 

iatha laft "Index iBdicatoriui,'' and and of EcclcEanical Aati^uiiy. I (<icrc 

larbaar totrarpifioB forbrddea Bfound I tcfv tbt kained reader to ttnieri upon 

ifcnnjth nothing which Mr. Bofwtll that queftion, to lome of whicli indttd a 

■ight have bid about it Ibauld have reptT ioiiittn alUmfiiJ. bui lupa'inUtf 

Minted a tcplj from rna, etibar in mjr muQ own lo a rcry 1 i.U |iurp<i(« i an^ 

«wa aame, or uader nay lignatuie to when, and lo ihole la^c publitxioH 

whatcvar. HcbaiaSedin ■ moll ua- to which no anfwir hat Iwtn ofT^rcd, 

bin aad na^lut manaar toward) a alihough the wriicr!- nn ili: Uoiiaiiao 

Boft aMOMp(il)«4 and highly rerpcAa* Cde Iccoi G icilt id nkc up C-tir irmi 

bic fefluJc I aadalll delircd wu, that upon every bculinn, I i*i'l lutt cxiia. 

fea might reE«i*a a flight punilliment plity wl a: 1 have alfiiod )'v )H.iD<ini! to 

for it, on the feiy (fot where he etim- tbc liifccd and liitihly vtlu^liic ui.rk if 

aiitud the offence. Mr. VVhii^^kcr, which no one » yet 

Mifa Seward will piidon my pre- fan aticmpttd lo anfu'cr. O^ riKiO'.in 
fuAp<u>B if I correfi two erroii which pubticaiioni re'i'irp lo iliii n.n'r. vrr1» [ 
appear in oacparagrapb of her lad rery would lar.k ihli wuik in m puit.cct aait 
Wnlible aad bigbly ialetcflmg Ulier *. valut: ntai «■ ihc kaimd l<l>uut^ of 
Tbc concib, bot warm aod eloqucai Bilhop H'rll.-y. The eiichint ferinonl 
cDcnniiuaa oa Dr. Johfun }, which I of Mr. Ken picicUd it tie Biiii^cxa 
^dOled in hit vindicatian, and whi<h LeSure, cnntJin tcmiiks iij-<mi lii^. tuti. 
liic too raAly ftylet imfi»u, wia »o( jett, whicli fom= pc:i jpt r.'.iy cnvil at, 
wiiciea by Dr. Warbuilun, though it i* bul 1 do n..[ a: prifi ni u'lic^xc ilui aoy 
in be found in a tolUSitn tf tirtam cau icfuic. 'Ile't hi>^'^'. i t'tthrr wuh 
. ihc wriiirgt of IlilW]. Ujli (*«■; like^ife 

• VoLLXin,p iroi. I ibid, p. 1005. lumc «heii> 1 fltongij ii:ct.i..B.iniitd to 

a ■ ■ ■ iho 

tghiiag ia tha dark, I Trinity* long baforc [ fiw i& la a. 40, 

M ay aaoM aibaaavar of my^' Sermon* aad TraAt npoa vari> 

jaa AaaM ttiak fit t« dcnaad it. Bat ona kubjeat. Literary, Crjtical, and Vv 

1 feava aav otbar («a(i>Di for dccliaiag liticat," I hara-rciy briefly delivend 

Dfm Lickoriib*s Account tfhU own Writings. 


tIloA: who wottM wiili to gnre this fab* 
ycdi a tolerably deep aod proper •iccntion. 
'After a more carenil and atceocive tludy 
•f the Scripturtt ; after a- more diligt»t 
«nd accurate eiainmation of ti>o(e paT* 
ft^s which ai« quoccd as auchorkics on 
cath 5de of the c|iieflion, .s wcU *s a 
■lore flrt6t compartfon of Unitaran wri* 
tert wrth thofc oo the other fide i I be- 
came pcrfe6^Iy coavioced that tlie doc- 
trines of the Unirariaos were not the 
ddftrine of the Scrtpturea. The being 
convinced too that the fn^ller fipiftlcs of 
Ignatius arc genuinc'CerTcd not a little to 
lirengthen me io the opinion that the no* 
tioTis of thoTe, who rtje£b the Divintu of 
Chrift» were very erroneous^ and leftcd 
Vut upon a flcnder foundtiian. Ihwfe 
£piRlc>» I had formerly, with many Icam* 
>ed men, been led to think fpurious. Un» 
luckily I had too haftily iropoted confi- 
dencc in the opinions of men oi lome 
eminence, without takinii: proper tinr 
to confidcr the vaft preponderating weight 
of evidence which la ^ on the other li<'f. 
It is at the latter end of my preface tUac 
li rocnfion the work above mentioned of 
Mr. Randolph. I fliould mi>ft certainly 
have fpokcn of it along with the cheis, 
liad I a: that moment recollected k. 
•Whatever i might think of it, 1 ciid not 
imagine thai any wou'd fuppofe* that I 
'hetait up as an umMufwerakie pr9JuQ%9n, 
Tbit booky however, wi.ich I wifli much 
to recommend, had no Ihare in fo<niing 
any prcfent opinions. They were form- 
ed, as I have jutt tncmioncd, before' I 
faw it, and from a careful atiemiun to 

cd, charges, which were brought for- 
warda by a re(ptAable and eminent cha- 
ra6l»r amon^^ the Ditfcntcrs, tc»;ether 
with an endeavour to vindicate c«T 
Church in other impor ant matters^ 
might have met with fotDc Isctle attention 
fiom the Clergy, Ind particularly a> thev 
were To iruch concerned jO it. Had ff 
been written by a perfon of highet rankr 
in the church, would it have aie wuh 
more fucce^s^— 1 am njt willing to be* 
lieiK it. High'^arioub and the glare of 
meer wealth, wiih.ut the foiid dignity 
which merit cddvcvs ca-n ^ike and daz- 
zle no one, bur ihofc whofe mind<: art 
as empty and a^ fli.illow as the golden 
idpi which iheV wo>lbip. If a clergy- 
man, M difcipU •/ tbi m*ek and lo^Afljf 
Jfjust can fall dr-wn l)e'' r^ this imagg^ 
h^ is unwonhv of hi& on ; his mind 
is- ti^uitlly ur.imptovcd » . Chriftanity, 
and wants the lu!id era'u'eur which vir- 
tue, which itaining, and which Icicnce^ 
afford' • 

1 Uiouli rhrn rather fuppofe that my 
pub) cation now oicr.:io!itf!, l^ing thjs 
c«>ninofirion o^ a pel ion who receives not 
the leiil rmc -. i^ni f:oi« the churchy 
butwlu>»on tiir u> .trary, though a clergy4 
inan, it obh^ed to !a' ojr tr a iecular 
proielTion, hccau'e his o>Arn affi>rds hint 
oo lubirthnce, it W'uld, were it mecrly 
on ihat accounr, tir.d d nic procedioo^ 
wer* it only deftrving of it. 

When a prelate, not un^^efcrvcdly, nor 
a lit'.le rcnnwncu fur abilities anJ learn- 
ing, fcarcelvkxp.^s rliilc aui n^ clergy 
who have ih-. care of thwiche^, {Ukrrk 

writers, (omc oi whom I have fpokan of the necetfary lahuur aim atttutiun which 

in that part of my work whicii 1 have 
been re^errir^ co above, I rejoice that 
'Mr. R^nJolph has replyrd to Mr. Hob* 
houfe, and l«xpe£t much plcaCure from 
.peruiing the pampblec which contains 
this nnlwer. 

With your permiflion, Mr. Urban, 1 

their U:u«CiOn rccpnics ^) t>) exert theni- 
felves much in d-fciuling the dof^rinea 
aod coodiiution of the ckurch of Eng- ' 
land, it is fome faii&la^ion to invfeff, 
that amidO a great deal <^^f fcular bul!- 
nefs, from which ciie clcrgv in gencial 
\re and dou^'iiefs ought ii< Uc exempted j 

ill trefpafs a little lor.gcr upon yourfelf amidil fomc imtinefs as a phvliciao, and 
. 1 _ . - /-_ much as an agricultnrift, I 'have found 

time (and with the bUthrg of God and a 
tolerable (laie of health likAX contintie 
to do fo) to purfue my flu'^ics, and to 
dtfeod that chuich, which 1 ctUem truly 
apodolic, and to vindica:e i:s clergy m 
what cuntcf ns them as kliolars as well 
a^diviaes. R. LiCKORltH. 

(To hi cMtiKued.) 

and readen to fay a word or^wo coo- 
ccrning the publication of mine, of which 
1 have bten fpcaking. I havc^had an 
in<|uiry or tuo made to me refpcfiiag 
the leccnd yolume, of which 1 make 
nentiiin in ray picface. I have no idea 

' at prcfent of continuing this woik, as 
from a'l anpca ancc I &*!! be a very 
confidtrahle {(ifcrr i»y thi.s firtt volume, 
1 have neu/ pub'ifhrd. it might per- 
haps, Mr. Uri:an. have been exptdUd, 
and that n^it U'ir<.arun4],|v, tna( an at> 
tempt to virdc'tc the le^JBJng and re- 
fp.-^.ia!>ilit. of the C»c»gv from fome un- 

> (cQcxousi tiUUrar^ aou ci^ualiji unfuund- 

* Sco •* Fra^ in Controverfy with Dt. 
PrielUcy, upon the Hijiorical qucilion >cf 
tfie Brhef of the Firft Age* in our Loot's 
Divinity;* by S^mitel Lord B (hyp of St. 
DaviiiS. Sec the Chur^a^u ibe Clergy at 


fi|ura of NtfUUBc m*7 brmorr tUt' don. . 

faal, bat ii MM in fodigBified ■ ftil* It I^wlt of Olamorgin>, a tcUlifawd 

Mi. Sactw'i Ttuno, Tb« Uri am Wtlft pMC, «ho flutirilkvd kbcnat' ih« ; 

■•AlMB^ara iaiaiiiabljr uccuiid I but J^r 15*0, givciapmicuhf dcfMijidaa - 

tk liltht, ttprtMlj «Mr ih« fliQuldtr, of tliit abb<y, in ao ode cai<fi'\Rag the 

The Bfitanii i> laibcr txeBiv-fuur differcBi mctrcf u( »ticDC 
ivt h^*'- to l»ia irliai n^ht Biitilb pocirr. He dUcii ,c> it ji a 
&c hai Ed rbc City dij.'{Er, which i* Ipicioui building covtrcd ni:b Itiid, 

iUTvdiK'ed ID tur Ibicld. The Lun with (bme fine painted w . ., 

ia in Ac Very fiiA n^le of )», and the P'lVemeni of glatcd btick, fuch ai it. 
ni»Der in whicb the liguici. Ice. arc dcfcribcd in your vol. LIX. p. 11 1, gnd 
dtfpofed, 4oet great hooour [o the lafle, ttieie faid to hire coinpu.'cd tiie flopr of 
lalcau, and gcuiuiiof ihc fculpior. the old ducal p%]tet at Caen in Nor» - 

Youn, &c. M.G. mandjr. Tticle biiikt are, ai pre&ai, 

^— . fre([uenrlir picked up anionK ilic fub- 

- Mr.UlBAK. Jaw. %. b'lh. \Vc likicwife leant ffom th'> ode. 

YOU will oblige *nc bf mfcniag in iltat i< wat oi>ce a rem of the Murei, 
jour Mtguinc the following ac- >t>uih being inlliuflid here (tmung 

ceuBt of Neaih atibcjr. i cuuld i>tj(, other b.'tnclick ut Ic4ininj}) jn ariiti- 

n prelcaTi procure a dr-iwin); of ii ; but, tnetic, rheiuric, Ic^ic, and ibc ci>i1 anj 

)Fl floa'd heieaiiK, it ni.l be iiiuch at cjddd Jawt) antl ihdi ttm khi.ul hid 

jaurjcrvicc. altainrd a tonfideiable dciticc of rele. 

It u fiitjatcd on ibe wtlli 

th« placid, fopcniinc Neath 
, ftuoi the town of Neaib, it. 

of Glainnrgan, furrounileil 

b; tbt tn»It beautiful »nd i^i 

■erj. It w;., fnun.l^J in th< 

of Ehari.i;RoFH^nry I. by 1 

Grant V.IU, ur Cnvill.;, 
' hckl the loidlLip '.f ^:^„x\, 

btnthei 10 Ruli-^n f itihjn..^ 

N'otniau knighit, tvho ci,iiii<iertd G'l- 

tnatfauAut about Uie jreur 1 191. The 

Bfwkt hire <vcie, jt hill, iit the "iHcr 

of SaH(;*y, but Twin »([ttw«r(1i he. 

(an,a CiitMAaat. Mr. Wyiidtiaia juMly 

bl.firvet ()n l)i> |' Tour iliii't^li AJ.,ii. 

mba..kof bn.ji n«. 

' dvet he (<, ^e. to -tncniion 

, one mile »'■ adj.c 

• m jaiki, li.,m i.hich (he 

the e„nn,y Holj 

k.i were fuppl.ed w ih ve- 

in all fidti DLfon, or 

iiirttlLe- cji tlieir ri 

jmpiu..ui t.b e. Healfo m- 

Iki;..i,.ii.); /..tmiut, 1 

iliaithearm.irffevtMlof the 

Lichur^ ee ni.hiluy sn 


uho then S'lTie ainii 


. .ird was a>"i |'iic:il 

u, Chi. f of ll.e4b!iot'; 

I iKHife, b^ive Deei. hi'iij- rt- 


Ne^th Abbey in Glamorganfliire AfcriM. 


The church confined of a n«vc, about 
two hundred »nd leo feet long, and 
Axty-fix wide, with a crofi-aile, about 
ene huVred and fifty feet long, and 
fifty-four wide; a large tower in the 
centre, and two light turrets at the 
\Ve(l end; a good part of the latter, 
with the winding (laircafe in each, dill 
remain. The (he- 1 of the abbot's houfc 
is entire, and includes feverjil fpacious 
rooms, the larg^ft of which is ih^ rc- 
feftory (now called the great bal')» ^^ 
in^ feventy feet in length, and thirtjr 
feet wide, with a vaulted done roofi 
fupporied by a row of plain columns, 
running Jenthways throagh the middle 
of the room. 

Leiand in hit Itinerary calls Neath 
" the faire(l abbey of all Wales :" but 
in his Coiledanea he it inclined to givt 
Margam the preference. 

It continued until the freneral di(To- 
]utioa of religious houfes, when its 
annual revenues were eftimated at 
13 s/. 7/. 7e/|. according to Dugdale, but 
Speed Dates th%Ri at 150/. 45. 9^. This 
TaluatioD mtt(V have been very low even 
at that time, (inee the demeine itfelf is 
of a confiderible extent, and formerly 
there were feveral detachecf eflaies be* 
Jongin^to the monaftery, which are Hoc 
held with it now, fonnc in the neigh- 
bourhood, and others in the different 
pariflies of Llaodilo-taUy-bont, Oyfter- 
xnoQth LUnridian, Penmain, Porte** 
non, and LUndewi, inOower, all with- 
in^ the county of Glamorgan. 

It was granted 33d of Henry Vllf. to 
Sir Richard Willia:ns, alias Cromwell, 
grcar-gr. nd- father to the Proteftor. Wc 
l)nd it afterwards in the poflfeirion of the 
Heibci rs ; from whoai it was transferred 
to Si! William D^Jingtcn, of Brey- 
more, in the county of Southampton, 
knt. by his marriage with Mary, the 
daughter of Sr John Herbert, Knt. 
fccrtrarv of ftate ro Queen Elizabeth, 
and .R' phew to William earl of Pem- 
broke. Edward DoJin^ton, efq fon 
of the laid Sir Williiim Dodington, gave 
it to his nephew Philip Hobby, efq. 
fourth fon of Peregrine Hobby, efq. of 
Byfljeo, i« the county of litiks, who 
r<^lidcd a the abbey until his death, a;)d 
I'o did his reli6t Elizabeth Hobby, 
daughter of Sir Timothy Tirrell of 
Shottover, in the county of Oxfprd, 
knt« and grand-daughter of the 'earned 
Archbilh'p Uflier. At Mrs. Hobby't 
denh the houfc was deferred Uiid I'uf- 
fercd CO fall todcciy. 

Philip Hobby, efq. the laft fole pro« 
prietor, died A. D. 1678^ leaviag three 
daughrert co-heirrfles, Elizabeth, Ca- 
tharine, and Anne— the el deft of whom, 
Elizabeth, married Henry Com pton, efq* 
of Biflern, Haots; Catharin6 iharried 
Griffith Rice, Efq. of Newtoa, ia the 
count V of Carmarthen i and Anne mar- 
ried Mr. Stanley, grand* fat her of tbo' 
late Hans Stanley, t(<\. The prefenc 
proprietors are Lord Dincvor».« lineal 
defcendant of the f^id Griffith ftice, 
efq. John Compton, efq. the righ^ 
hon. Welbore Ellis, and CbriSo* 
pher D'Oyley, efqrs. the two lad* 
mentioned gentlemen having married 
each a daughter of the &d Haat 
Stanley, Efq. 

There are no monuments of the dead 
remaining, either in the church or ad« 
joining it. The folitary ftump of aa 
old yew-tree only marks the fitc of the 
church-yird; the figure of an eccle* 
fiftftic in a cumbcnt poflure, and holding 
in his hand the model of a building 
(probably defigned to reprefent tUe 
abbey) has been preferved from deftruc- 
tion, and is placed on the lawn, before 
Courtherbert houfe, a froail diftance 
from the monaftery. 

The ruins are extenfive, and the luxil 
oriant mantling of ivy, in which they 
are enveloped, give them a very iokmn 
and renerable afped. 

Weed? and briers noMf cover the fpor» 
where the prieft difcharged the foUam 
duties of hit fundion, aad the fwelling 
note of the " organ" aided *< the fre- 
quent praifes of w bite-robed Bonk^*." 
Yours, &c W. D. 

Mr. 1/rbam, Jom. j. 

AT the conclufion of that fioical 
fyllem of philoluphv, concerning 
the origin and rotation of mankind (a 
fort of mctempfychofis different fiom 
the Pythagorean and Indian), delivered 
by fhe good Anchifes, wc have tbefe 
linet : 

Has omnes,nbi mills rotam vdvlre per anoo% 
Lethsum ad fluviuin P6m cvocat agmtrte 
oniigno : [iant. 

Scilicet tmmemores fupera ut convexa revi- 
Ruifus et incipiam in corpora velle reyerti. 

^n. VI.74S. 

but, in my opinion, the two ItA iiact 
have, by fome means, been iranfpofed^ 
and the ut and et havt confequenily 

* Lcwys MorgWAwg* 


iailiirc. Of any oilKr meant, to contrti furmcil and cherilhe J into a Bua'toe luftra 
liMguill, tbcre would be aoihini; ntuth offurpafling extcUenc;. There «rc maiif 
to be bUincd, to idpcA lo injufliee, .or examnles of ihis wl.lth yon canum bte ig- 
' ^■■lonnid oF ciuc'ty, Moivever, k ini aii of, inl fmi nuy p^Gblf meet ivilF^ 
inuft be owned ai lift, ihat ihe commnn '"'"« '-Kh. "'uch. if 1"" Joe, it wUI ha 
order of ihe *otdi it Mciot, ■• ap. th«ir srei. tappimffe and yourt in.heiffue, 
pear, from i,™:H,. L. K- *"* 'h- -^g-; prax.mim mllrrovebu. . 

•^ __-_- meiofijto ludi a wuiHiy cuiiJiiO, as y•■.\^ 

ni.iy [talfibly (aiid 1 wilh you maf ^Au .lly) 
give lo IiKii v.tnioui (ubjefis, «iJ jiniri«l( 
injov. i 1U19 louk U|Hiii U.-'ctiiiig ui ne iha 
biglicft work upon catOt ; for, a man hid 
owed he very good himrelf unjcrti^-t 
theieiChing otiicrt, ami as (ur [caeUing of 
mm, I'.'cy are generally 1o:vi(e alre.vly iii 
their own cuHCcit, foe eiigs^ed in (ancyed 
Upinimit anJ parties, ih.-it tlicre .is n<v ca< 
miiiE aLihem, therefore the sre.U hop-r n/ 
d<iin:FO<id is iimongn (lie tanh, whicli, 
l<) uiideiiake witliauc pirfc^ iiir.i.lni'-, if 

linfiiasn, williaut muraliiy , Imcih hulli of 
liw (» esinelfe and profit! ol iracLms.— 
CooJ Sir, pardiin tliit cuilc rciume to 
your digefted and HOitliy ftiauei, ani 
— uu 1 u.ii.ii'i.ii. UU1..1 |»,k>t.uiui< ui kiiep ilitfe lines (mm any e-..- but Y' ur 
the life of Zichicy M-yne may he owne, that c:>o ecnniv.^ a- wll ai perco. 
f jusd la Hu'cbiat'i Hillory of Duitfi, { muU needt play ^1^ Tan iit^W vuy 

Vr-URBiH, B,>mlMf'r,Oa 13. 

' M. iranfe 

(1 followiDg IcTicri »h:th are 

ribed fri>m the oricioaU now 

io my pnllc 

ffiofl, we.e -viitteti by Z,- 

«*ary May 

ne, a perfnn who diflinguilh 

•rf bimlelf. 

in lhela\t ceniuiv, by l,ie 


i>f feycral ieli,tioui ir^ai. 

liihcameuplo the flandjrd 

of ortbod'n 

.>. Yei he ii ch^.^flenied 

by Wood a 

»a m.<nof lMininf;»nd *ir> 

dou'ndb IO 1 

f.mlUn« ihr hiK'.ly te- 
:he ln.nour of M'>oe, ai it 

i> well kn 

.own thai (he Qifordann- 

^uary *a. 

in general very niggardly of 


t'l ihiil'e who were iinfluied 

12 Letters tf/'Za^liary yi^ynt^'^^Rimaris on Akcafide. [Jan. 

about Cicero's works, and intreatjoa, that " Mf wife aod 1 prefcnt our humblo 
if order bee not fo eHfcfhially given and fbl- fenrice to yourfelfe, to the do^or and his 

lowed already, as that they .-trc bouf^ht, 
that it may not be ; for, I wrote my brother 
about it, aad he tells me he hith engaged 
for v(r. Pi)ors bcoke, foe as he cannot avoid 
ity and therefore I niay not reckon upon an 
exchange for Cicero. I have fent by the 
bearer tiereof, my fervant, y<>ur Bible, for 
the ufe of which 1 thankc you, having 
Vnarked a Bible throughout by ir. I hiye 
alfo fent your acct.uot of Martha Taylor, 
ai'd alfo an account of her, by another h;)nd, 
which I intreat y<>u ro give co the old wo- 
man, as a liule token from mee. I Ihall 
fend, or br<ng, your A Kempis next. 1 
red, Y< urs much-obliged to ferve you, 
D»lw>ody Q^, 8, i669>. Zach. Mavvf." 

Directed for " John Newburgh, Efq. at 
Wooih Francis, neare Bridport." 

II. " Worthy Sir, 

" Thefe are to prefent you with my very 
hearty thankcs for your kind entertainment, 
as alfo to acqu lint you, that (under (\an'!ing 
Mr, White's condition) I have propoied it 
to our parilh for their confuleratton, to 
raife a fumme of money yearly for a mi- 
fiifler, and to invite Mr. White to accept of 
it, together with the worke of prcdchitig, 
^c. to ,theni. They jre defirous to hear 
him preach hrft : bee h.ith anpoynt-.d witli 
mee to come the Loid's day after Midfun- 

lady Our hearty wifhes to tlie good old 
woman, whom I carefidly remember." 

DiroAed for '< the worQiipful John New* 
burgh *, Efq. at Wooih Francis^ n^are 


Mr. Urban, Oxfvrd^ Dec. 16/ 

THAT, to fupport my charge againft 
thtt unjuftiBable meannef$« the un- 
fair arcs and monopolizing violence of 
Akeofide, I might be cited to produce 
thofc proofs which I had (!ated to be in 
my poffeflioo, knowing the curiofity of 
\\i% Literary )vorId, I fhould very na|u- 
' rally have fuppofcd. I may fay, indeed, 
I had pre-determioed, that no ioiiQUa* 
ting queues Ihould wring them at pre- 
fent from me. They arc contained ip a 
fcries of privs^te correfpondence, tht in- 
tercding oatuie and cxctUentl v-fupported 
ilyle of which may one day inform, or at 
leafl entertain, the publick. To ar* 
ranee and adapt thefe letters for the 
prcfd, volumioo'js as they are, will prt, 
howcvc*, be the procefs of a moment, 
Sians ptde i^ utio, 1 fhall not attempt ir. 
But wh^n, in p. 981, V find fuch feve* 

riiy of perfonal reflexion on myfelf, an4 
nier. I pray mind him of it, thathefbr- a general anathema againfl expofing the 
get it no:, for libjll acquaint the patifhion- 'foibles of any deceased individual, under 
ers with it, and wee (hall expedt hiin. I the foolifli maxim, I fuppole, of mit tU 

am fori y for the accident of your horfe ; I 
wilh it be returned borne. I i)avo fume 
fcares lead you may be gudty of r>me mtf- 
takes of ill confequt:nce to yourftlf; but I 
am a fool, peihnp*, to give difpleafu'e in 
bat mentioning it, neither Ihall I piefume 
to f»y more without a command from your- 
fclf, to whom 1 «m 

A mofl faithful ncquaintancc, 
J>akvo^:lf May 3, 1^71. Za c h. May n f .'* 

mortuis nifi h^numt allow me half a page 
for fome concife remarks. 

Fird, let me flate, that truth fliould 
l>e the grand foundation of all biography* 
It is no morp a libel to recite, in fair arid 
'unflattering language, the vices of a pri- 
vate character, ihan to brand with the 
indelible execration of hillorical ven- 
geance the public and more notorious of* 

* TJie Nc-wbuighs of VVo<)thFr3nv,is were a branch of the vy;;rmweU and Berkley fa» 
milif-f=. Thtir commo'i nmeftor was Roger de Beromont, U»rd of Pont Audemer, in 
Normandy, who \va<: father of Robert earl of Mellent and Leicefter, and oT Henry, do 
"Kewtiirrjh, c.<rl of Wniwick. From the lad qf thefe the Dorfetfhire Newburghs were 
<it^ue li'U. A inonomcnt.U ipfciip:io;i in the church of Berkley, in Somerfet, gives fome 
r.ccour.t of thl:. f.tmily, (vjdr Co I. nlon's Somerfet, vol. 11. p 205,) and their pedigi^ec 'S to 
bclccn m Hutchi:iN*s Hiiloiy of Di>rfer, voi. I. p. 1^5. There is, however, fome Iktle 
tlilrer-nce between the inf.:r ;jtioii :.nd the pedigree, as the former makes the Dorfetfhire 
Kevvbiirghs toiffue from Heiir , the fccond fon of Henry de Newburgh, earlofWar- 
rvi;k; -./J cieai t!>e latter dv rives the ni from Robeit, the fifth fc»n, who is leprefentcd to 
bci.ti'crof de Neubi?rsh, fiu.nler of Bindon A^bcy. O1 which fiJc the truth 
lies, I camotaftcnuin, biit ir on^:;h: to be remembered, in favour of tliepedigree, tliat it is 
builc ofi ih.* autboriiy of Sir Wilhani Dugdale. 

Vr. J«^hn Newbnrah, :o '.vhnm the above letters were addreffed, was a man of a ve.7 
n(f\ive miiid, but unfonnutely engaged in ipany ichemes which proved injurious to his 
fortune. He was ohligtd to fell gre.u part of hii landed property in the parifb of Nether- 
tury, '.a Dorfeilhire» foon after tlie date of the laft Icucr ; and his two manors of Wootli 
Francis and Fro^im St. Qs.iitm were feized on by the Napiers of Middlemarfh-hall, Who 
were the mor'-'^agce^. ric was tl)j laft male of his very ancient and refpc^ble family, 
and affjiLled a ^ad contrail to the wealth and fplendour of his predecellbis by ending liis 
days 1.1 r-prifon^Wheiehe was confuicd for debt. 

' fcnd^r« 

— ftwjwM? WwdtyrMi NewafUe. i ' 

y of fpi- CoB^ieO. Th«i the ...mi of Nonb- 

totv\fk «mlierln4, ia miiir of their «»rd*, vtl 

Lh« Bad- in the methn] of prooooaciog ihtB, bur 

foffnf- a ftftrnr nlftiBbi^Mf to ibc prcfent-D*- 

ilitt. If wn of DcDuiik aad HormTt ncarfi m 

uiog, ia Miicr irgameat bin (onpitiroii. pii^. 

dlin aad for .Tborkdin-, of Captehtgcn, hit n- 

ha (ug- na '■ voeabaltrr of jvordt coriihc m 

Art, u Hm Scotcb, JetimStit, a»d D*u»* 
ift Uuliy- . '(oai 'ditft I lian fcMtti fucb «• m 

rMba^M coniBM alfe to ibc Mtini of NcwuB^ 

I loa^ M and added (bcin lo ny own UA, Tbi>u>k 

miaiUif, I read the wofdi, I do Aat |v<iCDdi» 

bwgbi. point out ibeir darinrion i but apmhcni 

cJuU of Ihit thcjr will a)l, or ibc greater patt oF 

taUriiad ihcm, bcfeuod iatbaanticai Saaon, v 

s did nef in the btigaagn of tha p^t NottWtm 

4liiB b* kianiomt. , 

nrhng to N. B. ProfeRbr Thorkclin'i wordt ai» 

need by inirknl in tht fol'owiog lift whhb liar. 

lUnran lW.,iwoorinorannnof itB»«o^ 

>h>ch b« ■a:*frMW, nftdaiatoaa«r ^^ 

ghbMt' Paitf, a fannin. 

tha b-Y C&vr, aoanwOiasarallv. 

■I 0«ir> i^>A/opriek. . 

- PIw. Cfsiij, wrt, fllppai7, and J jty. - 

•d flull Jaig, u ftiefc. 
traM Ji. ***"' f^" ■ 
ion ? or. • •" <iraa nsc 

van pan wiOi a ^nuliwi^i 

1 t^ft ■ K.'^;*V?/f "^ iri" I*«« irth a b«r 
„ „^ hainJIt, fer bakng. 
r.H^S C/H to ca-eh haU of. 

, "'■" Cwrr. an ^iiliei of 
iDtcicK ta//H, fnfh and ciim. 

Vavf, a ke.inel or wjicrconria. 
iimi, alndiluadnor. 
Jl/io, S:r! p<v'i..'>tv f.ii. Mini 

Mr.UKI4V, Dfr. 19. S«a/fr!, a fnia'l raifi: fnill (ri«. 

INDUCED hf a hope dliC ■ tiew „( S/r/i. a iplmur ui wjiid. 

Cowdny houfe, in in prtftnt ftaii.-, U""'. ad.loiir vjiiey. 

wght b« pleafing 10 miny of your rwil- " «if. a wifp f.f ilr i«- w fofl Hrool MM 

»raf I lend you till incoltd Jktith unjer j weitiii ...1 ihe IkjJ. 

fstmttll.) laktn on lb. fpot. If you Sia.; » woMta px.l. 

fcMU .h..k it wonh *«e..nng. It will <"'p 'f^' '"^ "r- 

P« P^''"" "• ; '"'"' "'• iV^rt'a ftocel.o„«; for coaK »h«* IMj, 

.Mr.Ua»*«. f>«-.24. " AW^a'';™|4.^;e..r h,„t. 

fore tl.t puK.ick la »..iir Mnfjr.mi, i Le.-i. 

lh9«Klit it iiiig'it heentichid W-uh mj:;)r /<,«, cliinine/ of 1 eofi^e. 

Bi.pu:-lifli«J nurila whicli are in dailf i.i.^n-fu-r, {:>■,$, V.\\m\ci-(wixptn. 

■irca>sll''n is the town uji-rc [ v/at f'w&", ;< carluf tiMlt, cnilairiinE budicK 

k-ra. ' ALtb^t 'iin' I Ix^^ian a Vociliu- ''"-'-'>. abu:idot 

Jiry, wJikii I now find yui-, (uii Ime f'lv, '.j, Hie [luLlic uliij.per, &c of ui- 

au rtoubl lint th.t J uiulJ ^ave tiuitc '■"■■i'-- 

...rfid^ribt .ulditioni 10 it if 1 liid K-ci yy--^-'^ a mfi-ftire. 

fir I rvfiriTrt it Newc^lll. ujii^n Tv.i;. ';■■'"■■'.-■. 'I''w. 

Tbc pMuli.r p,..-,ur,cia.ion ol' .hi-, p^.c, ^^'l^'f;, ^ »"=""■ t""*" '"^ ««^ « 1>= 

Paocf, whu Istllul iliire uilsie ;i.c ^ 3c. Snuiton'i inteia. 

14 Prmmtal fr$rdtj^^^Mr^ Joneses Ci^iy iu Walw. {Jan. 

Mtrrwfp, A cw m j M i i i m , Mr. UftBAif, Jm. *. 

Om^ to overturn, to eaochangt. T2 ^ lb obliging at to indulge me wUh 

Sb«A to break in pieces. X> a cottmin of your valuable Mifcel- 

St,^p to tread or ftamp upon. |^y^ ;„ ^d,r to flate a feiv matters of 

^gad, a fiOwnj-rod; fjift, which iotimatcly concern, and are 
5»f'/, when the tallow of a candle runs. «f ;«finif* ;mn«r»«>i*.i •* .k»!.r...^«^« 

:^iU, a round wicker bafltct. fi '?*''*•* importance to. iboufandt of 

Fo-c5, a breaft-buckle, fpite of a eburch. ^^',. *^^r,U«^» ^ P^* "» ^''^ P^"«i- 

•^«m, barn, a chiW. 1***7 ^^ VTakrt, . 

♦^flwit, balk, a beam. About tweaty yean ago, the Rer, 

•Ar, Kttk; Dam biiteihMW, Pbrafe, a Mr. Onfcth Jonet, of Landowroo, in 

little bit* CinnaTtheefhirr, perceiving that the 

Sickfry a tumbler t^. labQuring pdor In that country were 

f^Becier, a wooden dilh. «atremcly ignorant and illic'eratc, fet on 

^J^Mrher, bladder. foot a plaQ for the inftrudion of their 

^BurHj a rivulet. ' children. 

♦fr/y, A moor, gatelliead M, In ©rdcr toaccomplrib this benevolent 

♦f/«*fr, flitter, to vibrate like tiie wmgi undertaking, he waited upon gentle- 

•rfmall bir».s. ... men of eminence and opulence, both in 

Ir'' tiuT'c!^"! W.««tnd« Worth and South Wales, aqd informed 
anvSlnE qfnn. to focce one to do ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^.^ 

♦GWi, an ewe from oaiXotiM> yean P«"To^J w»» «o «J>»*«:^ » ?«"5^«.»^'* 
^^ lum of money, the interclt of which 

kagt a mi(t ftould be annually applied towards pro- 

*hag, a fmk ormirc in mofics or moors, moting this charitable defign. In coo- 

*Loup, to leap ; Iceland, hhiap ic laup. fequeqce of his reprefentation of the 

*N9wi€, homed cattle ^ Iceland, naut ; msRter, moft of the gentlemen and 

Dan. noet ic noot. ^ others fubrcribed very liberally ; and, 

^Meek, or raik, fmoke. amongft the reft» Mrs. Bevan, of Lding. 

JLif>/>g:-*r«>i, a crane orcrook over the nre. hame, in the iftovementioned county, 

*Sfl»i, alhirt. ^^ contributed in femoft hand Pome manner 

♦W, to kife, to, tafte;. Iceland, ee ^j ^y^^^^ ^^j j^ in order to carry oa 

^Ir' ' dt^* *" ***** P'°"* ^''^^' ^^ ^*^'' * "P*** ^ ' 

*Wr^, Pan-fmoiTd, afcointed,fmear«d. f ^°"i 4.oool. was in a little time col. 

Smorid, fmothere^ fuffbcated. »«««<>. ^he mtereft of which (under the 

*5/o/, ^yrnrnf bullock ; Dan. an ftoud. management of Mr. Jones) was regn- 

•Swingi, to beat, to Whip. lariy expended m printmg books for the 

Swinging, laife, a fwinging fellow. ufe of the fchools in the WelA lan- 

*rocii, teum, or tyme^ empty. gu'gCt and in paying the perfons who 

T»te, wlx>le; the whole toce, phrafe. tnftru6ted the children. U|nwards of 5a 

^IVair, to Uy out money, to expend. fchools were eAablilhed in the principa* 

• ;fj/tf, to blame; to lay the whole wyte Jity, and fupported for federal years 

•nyou, phrafe. under the patronage of Mr. Jones, Mrs. 

•rule, Cbriftmai; a yule cake, aChnft- Q^j^n^ and others: but, at the deatl^ 

J*** ^^^ of rhcfe two people. Lady H— y, to 

In Mr. Brand's Hiftory of Newcaftle, ^j,om Mrs. B's property devolved, 

amongft other places, he mentions the claimed the abovementioned fum, aU 

Stock-bridge; ami, in « note, enquires, Icging, that the greateft part of it, if 

Qpaere, Whether the name be derived ^oi the whole, belonged to Mis. R ; 

from felling flcck-fifti there ? 1 (hnuld g^jj ^jja^ hg^ relation never intended ic 

diink myfelf obliged to any of your in- (hould be applied to the above purpr.fc; 

genious correfpondents if they would in- ,^5^^ her deceafe. However, one ol the 

form me whether the word Jiock, or iruftces nominated by Mrs. B. (a rela- 

/oh, be not derived from the Saxon, jjon of hers) for the proper application 

and figniiics town or village. There ^^^ management of the money in quef- 

are many places in this kingdom which jjon^ exerted himfelf, threw the matter 

bave this f> liable in the beginnirg of j^io Chancery, and gained the caufc i 

their names, as Stockpcri, Siockeon, ^ut, before the fchools could be re- 

Sfckbridgi\ and, again, Stokencbureb, eftabliihed, this gentleman unfortunately 

Stoke Mp»n Tnift, fccj I fhould, theie- ^^^^ Where the above fum now lies, 

fore, luppofe, that the ftock bridge was ^^d why it is not applred rowirds car- 

fo callid from the houfe or town which ,ying on the humane, benevolent, and 

were placed »c«t the bridge. ch«ritablc dcfien, for which it was an 

A Son OF THE Ttnb« . •* ^^^ 

];94«7 Cbwteb Netts/rom Chefterficld, taltn Im 1^%^. 1$ 

firt ooilcded, it not only what an indi- 
Tidual like myfcif wiihes to know, but 
M al(b a circumflancc with refpc6^ to 
whkii hundreds in this country would 
W glad to be fatisfied. It is a thing 
devoudy to be wiflicd for^ that foine 
public- %ririttd. pcrfon wonld ftep for- 
wafd to rcdreff the wrongs of thoofands 
of pooc wretches, who are (to ufe a 
Icripcore phrafc) peri/bii^ f§r lack of 
hmtmtUdgi, I am told, thatfome gentle- 
ncD were of opinion that, by withholding 
the benefit of thefe Welfli fchoois from 
ibe iohabttante of this country, and en- 
couraging the eflablifliment of Englifii 
fchooTs, their children would Toon learn 
that laoginge, and the Welfli be in a 
fiew years extirpated. But, as this cruel 
and inhunnaD eapcriment has now been 
tiicd for a fon(iderab!c time without 
being attended with the defired tfFe£t, 
and the Welih language is as likely to 
be retained as it was at the comiiicnce- 
ment of this plan, ir is to be hoped tht-t 
gcnticmen will no longer pertll^ in this 
unchrifli^n, and, at the fame time, un- 
fucccfsfuly proje^. In fa£l, the Wellh 
are fo much wedded to their mother- 
tongue^ that, the more evident and nu- 
merous the attempts are to annihilars 
and extirpate it, the more they adhere 
to it, and the more deeply is it locted 
amongft them* 

It was my wiib, and that of feveral 
other perfons, to make this matier pub« 
. lie through the channel of )rur valua- 
ble Magazine, in hopes that it will ex« 
cite fooie benevolent and charitable per- 
(bnage araongll the Englifli (ns the 
Welih ecntlcmen hate been {o iudolent 
and ioaaive) to enquire farther into this 
bafioeis, and in redreffing the grie« 
Tancct of the poor Wel/b, who are ab- 
iolutely very illicerate, and fo poor that 
thfcy cannot -tfTord to p^y for the fchool- 
iog of their children. 

In anfwer to Clericus OxonienfiSy p. 
f lO, that, for intii of learning, Dr. 
John Da?id Rees, or Rhy&'s, in folio, 
and Dr. Ddviei's Latin and Welih 
Grammar, in latno, are the b;ft; and, 
for others, William G^mbold's 8*0, 
John Rydderch'« and Mr. Richard's 
prefixed to his Welfli Englifli Dictio- 
nary- Rer. Mr. Walters, of Giamor- 
gauflitre, has lately publiflied an excel- 
hat Engl lih- Wei fli Dictionary, 4to. 

Yours, iccm R. L- R. 

*«* jin acntutt is rtfutjiid 9fS:rZtLAgMU9 
na LA FowTAtyi, 0/ Kiikbj Beler, n. 
Ltio, vfht dial im St. Andrew's, Uulbuiimi 

Mr. Urban* Jan. i« 

I SEND you my notes taken at Chel^ 
tertield, co. Derby, in the funnier 
of 1789, if you deem them worthy of 
infenion in >our ufefiil Mifceliany. 

Yours, &c. R. G. 

The nave reftt en ftx pointed archcc 
on cluttered columns. The centre 
arches on four cluttered columns. 

In the North tranfepc is a free-ftoae 
a'tar-iomb for 

IBurgtnfija; uc ^TjfftcrRttli, 159*- 

Hi« 6guie, and th;tt of hi; ^ ite, entire. 
In the chancel, a priett cur in white 
ttonc holding a book ami chalice. 

\\vi% 3ili}e fre 
C^ucf jei qm obitt Dttf 

Bie menfljef jnlit ^ min** ^|^ Cnjuji 

ail Dt* (See vuL LXIIL p. 977.) 

Within the rails it a brafs (r^ure of a 
knight in armour and mail, cropt hair, 
head in a helmet withr>ut rrcft, collar^ 
fvvordyand daegeri on hi) gonfannonsa 
bend between fix tfcall^ipi. Quarterly, 
I, a, on a bend Ave croll'^s patonce \ 3. a 
chevron between three efc^ilops. Oa 
his furcct the fame t the upper quar- 
ters hiJ. He ttands rn j tt:ig bearded 
and pmcJ. I^is ladv is in profile, i« 
the veil and .low pointed head-drefs of < 
the 15th or 16th century, h.-vinga chain 
and crofs and cordon, a belt with three 
ro(c9 on htr fuicoat faced with brand 
ermine. On her mantle, a faltire with 
five annulets { which (hield, the only 
remaining one of four on the fiah, is 
implied by his quaitvred coat. Ui der 
them are feven Cons and feven djughrers* 
In a South chipel is an alrar tomb of 
the Faljambes, A knight and fady braf^« 
lef^ on a blue flab without a ledge. On 
un alabattcr tomb with fix pairs of 
knights under double canopies, ofis. a 
lady and two kni^Uct, knight and lady, 
knight and lady, knight and lady, 
knight and ladv. The kni^'Ats have 
ttruit hair, helmet between their feet, 
oblnng fltield notched At feet on a pc- 
dettal a knight and lady between two 
ani^tts with flields. The North fide 
hid by waiofcot. 

At the foat of this, on a pedettal, a 
figure of a ir.jn in pl.ited armour kneeU 
ing on a Huvercd cuMiion, the hands 
broken. On hts IHouiders fixed a Ti^ 
zorM head nor belonging to it, ' 
[Sre p. 11* attd ihi Pl^tg,'\ 
Againtt the E^tt wall, a muml mo* 
numcnt for Sir 'Jamti Foljamba^ Vtv\^>t^ 
ot the gantr> tVAtOL Vs»«k ol ^\t O-jAXtn^ 

1 . \^t>^ 

i6 jCburcb NMs/^mChcftct^cld, taten in 178^; fjart. 

F. iss^t erefted by hii nepos Godfrey. 
Tbe infcriptioR* in Latin, feti forth, 
that he married Alice^ mepih and .co- 
heir of William Fits will iams. Earl of 
Southampton, and daughter of Thomai 
Fitzwilliams, of ....edwarre 1 amd Alice, 
dauehttr of Edward Litleton, of Staf- 
fordihiie, by whom he had a numerous 

He kneels on armour. Below, to the 
fight, are h:s wife and five daughters 
and one fon; and, to the left, thiee 
fbns and fuur daughters. Arms, G. on 
a bend Argent, fix croGTes > O. 

between Az. a bend Arg. between {\x 
cffpallops impaling lozenge G. and O. a 
mullet of difference. 

An alabafter figure of a knight in a 
double collar, rutf, piked beard, bare 
head, plated anmonr, ruffles, fword, 
dagger, and gauntlets in concord st 
fide, helmet under bead, with a leg for 
a crefli a lion at his feet. A l^dy in a 
ruff, mantle, (landini; cape, piked 
(leeves, her head on a flowered cufliion, 
her Turcot in front buttoned t« her chin, 
a dog at her feet. 

On the ledge, on afefs three roundels. 

A fefs between three leopaids' faces. 

In a dexter canton a rofc. 

A crofs engrailed* 

A lion rampant. 

A faltiie engrailed. 

On a pa'e, 3 lioc» pafTant guard«nt. 

A fpread eag!e. 

At the head : 

Three mafclcs in fclTe. 

A faltire ; over all, a label of 3 points. 

A bend lczeng6.' 

Semee of 9 crofs crofHets fitche, 3 

On the South fide : 

A bend and label of three points. 

&cml of 9 crofs crc;fil«tS| on a Hiield 
a cro(s potent. 

a chief. 


A chevron between three efcallops. 

Oo a bend five crcllcs potent. 

A bend between lix cr»:allop<i. 

At the head, Foijambe wi«li qiiar- 
terings iuipAling three hea'hcucks, 
quartering a chief dancvtte 

Ac the fides, in tat>lets : 


Foljainbe with quaiterings. 

Againll the nil wall, a winding- 
ihesx on a bier, uoncs, fpadcb, &c. { 
and, above, Dcdiix bciwtcn Age and 
Yuuih. ^ 

Iq a cenotaph, a man in armour and 
hit batr, lyin^ on a mat, a lion at hi< 
feet. A ladv in a rufT. ft iff toupee, on 
a that and cufbion, a fcuil at her feer« 
Above, a table uninfcribed between a 
female with a bird on her right. hand^ 
and another holding fruit and flowers, 
Foijambe with quarterihjirs and cref^, 
and fingle. A bend with a crofs. A 
chevron between efcallopft. 


An armed figure, with a fword, hel- 
met, and ^auntieti, cut in the ftone, 
and this epitaph : - 


In tbe window, a mitred fox in a 
pulpit preaching to gecfe and a cockj 
Pegafus retiring behind. 

J?f jj Ijc T)rre Jin. 

A bear collared quartering three phft-i 
ons. Arms of the urd vicar of Chef- 
ter field. 

On the fcreen to the chancel, an;;els 
hold 'the inflruments uf the pafTiOn : a 
lion and eagle. 

On a flab for " Godfrey Hea^cote^ 
third fon of Ralph, te£lorof Morion, 
clerk of the peace for Derbyfliire 14 
years, 177 j, 7a j and his wife D.Tothy, 
daughter of James Cooke, rcdlor of 
Batlbro*, 1766, 63." 

In the South chapel of the chancell a 
rich tabernacle reOing on a bud,^ ai)d 
on e;ich fide of the Had window | a peik 
or pedeftal for an image. 

Againfl the South end of the South 
tranfepc is nailed a brafs thus infctibed 
(whence correct a few errors in p. 977) : 

** ipic fubt' fjumant* ofTa Bni JsiW 
CIrrDon quo'iiam 
Hc(tori)( De IpnDcb^ \\\ comttatu Botnn- 

Chor* Dioi' Ct eaycllani rantarie ft'C 

Xvctanffcli iit/^ccUfia p'OfV o^ni f 'cot* 

He cl)ff!crfclB 
q* obiit fruo uie m:'f' maii 9C' D'nt 

m'ljc p cm* 
aM'a fie riuffc orate rat p*i>'ri5 aYab*<. 


In the Eaft window, O. a crofs po- 
tent, Az. 

G. three lions palTant guaidant O. 

Bairy, O. and G. in chief three tor* 
teauxes. G. a crufs moline A. 

In the South aile of the nave between 
the firll and fscr.nd v mdow from the 
I'laft, and oppofirc Foijimbc*s feat, with 
arnik aud crcil in the South wall, is a 


Snu-. JOf. JiimJ^^gH.MJK^.^f. 

.«^MK«nKwa*«c^ T- *"■--* * r-n " fV'l'- 

JOB be diHiaguilbcd .IP™ "> u <m rttgu M 

OBmi* CliitlirH 'W^ Jtfcn, -'^ — * --' 

tire;* fl 

r pamting 

;. ft 


, kc. Sic. 

■Dd b; 

CODfiDCt it 

to Goifaie 


Ai [> 

i-B fubjcfl 


not U imalint! to 

four rei. 

dm. DO, 


«f«er «ill 


by your-. 



h fmur of W. BriwtTT. Bildmo 
Wike, bf Bnryiiig the dmghter oC 
W. B. JUDWT, obtiisad felh&m ti |hM 

-™-.« Tt\XorLxi7i.'r977!'i . '?■ ♦•'^"JIPJ*)^*''* K*" ? 

p.*r<o( yoM a »p«(>DUtio>i of the fieord *• »»««»gh of Cli««.rfi.M. i« Uw. I. 

whob bcH it fa uaicuMiD^bly muiiU- ' ''»»; ^"Jj » o**"* «> D- «• P- 

Kil. Surdv no tria could ii«e erred " ?»• (""I^ ° "^ J"'. '"J* *• *"'"' '° •"■ 

fo«fteBioi.nyMtoBi«re-p)«.d«*f». ^'iittnciMWii of igDOrance egiiflR bk, 

hM hcaa IB ■ nunner fo toriilr out of "'« I"'""! hi» gnraad with hii bum 

Njiun. A» fome el,ifllinf WH newf. Will "« mAe hi« oWerwtioii W-w enr- 

f.iy to 6t OB the new one, uhit could ""f-, ,'^= P'.^.j/'J!,' P^>i7. h« newr 
b'lc been hit mo<ire fo 
ehiD ? Pollibly fome i 
imiiiiln); hit picdeccror, iniy litToifb 
him Willi ■ pi r of old Iccc io i^i« of 
h>t ibfcDC Una*. UowtVLr, I do not 
mfan to tieit ihe fiibjefl lightly. Whjl 
y.a baa did occuned on mEeting an ob- 
fertaiion, lh» il wn a mutiUicd flatuc, 

mcoded id ilic inanDrr it now nindi. If ,, ^— ^_ 

,lii» be r:.lly the taft. noihlDc cm be ^^'- Uiban, Bri9,/, Jaw. -,. 

n.orj ridicuWl, ot better ulculaicd lo R^ g-*'"! • P'»« ■<■ '>>« '"llo"""!! 

raife . fmile. Auhe whole ii dttithcd, ■*-» wlcuUnoo of ibe eclipfe of the 

aad the other moooinenti petfeO. J can- "«"> f*"" Fehtoary next, vou wrtl mucli 

m-t help thinking it! biftoiywcr.hy of oblg*. Vour., *c. J. I.ovigrove. 

inTeflig-iioo. 4f«ycfyoi.reorr*fpord- 0« Friday, teb. f«, near ten at 

tntiftioaldineiireiopuifue thc(ul>i-a, '"R''t. "ill luppen » grrat and loul 
J mullobfctte, that tlie kniebl ippean 
to me to have been too wcU cirred lo 
fjppafe ihe oiiginil (culptot to blame. 

(StipUitlll.Jig.t.) Amirifii, and iIi.oub'i f"me u 

/■>£-. 1. it tht monunient deferihtd in ■I'""'' '" 'he Eartcrn lex : a> a 

p. 577. It h.t bctn toTired with ur- "''P"* " ""'"=<' ''>' '''* M""n'> >■ 

.'ifturbtd dull, nun, and piivi, form.-, through ihc eaiiji-a lhad..>v (i.,/ ! 

BY yean, except, at dilUoi, Ihe S""' "^ tatcodin? Lei .;n.l die ^■ 

cunuui Trareller, or hirdy Aotiquirv, •»*>!(), »»d being in the continual 

ihrufl* hii idtentDtoni face dole upon it, • riEhtline; the centtrt i 

in defiance of kneeling euih^Qn^ ranged *"!' •"' "■■"''. """1 ""''X '" '■'« 

bo»rd), and eiooked niili. Afitt .11, "f her motion, ind ii vilibie .vii. 

. ■ — ■ ^ — ■■ ■ . _- the,M«iB.i*nbo»e the hviiim ■ 

• II has ftree been inctorEd by prw>, and t me^f the ecMpK. 

mWiL.ted. Sec Die next letter. EiiiT. iSyik* fjfe M F.4U Ul.j;^. 
(it NT. Mag. "JaauBty, 1794. 


fpi- CuB^Mft. Thit di* Birivn of Nonb- 

:iftk HitibcrUMl, ii mmy of their wonlt, lad 

Uil- in the method of prcnogncinr Atm, ktiwt 

■nf. ■ fMbBR rc!lKib<^ to the prcftR- ■». 

If tirt* of DenBaik ud Non>», nwai n* 

' '■ «'«I.»'«"nw« but con'perifca. p.ofcf- 

ud for .Tbotkclia-. of Coptohana, hit m. 

u^ TCI' ■ wobalirT of )*ofit> .corattM w 

,'M mt Smicfa, Ictluden, u' Dinn* 
die. . Fmbi Aftt I iim fileatd fuch M ira 

^MC CMBwiiMtoibe vifvcinfNeved^ 

*" •"?•"•?*«»"«»)'•»"«». Tb«»u»fc 

liuf, 1 hod the woKds J do aot fx-Hcnd|» 

[hu PBtntcutibEird«iT»iionibut.|,pfriKaJ 

I of itiii tbcf will ■)!, or the neater bmi off 

iMd (hem. be favad ia tbe utiest Swraa, cr 

V. ^^^ NB:Prof.lfa.Thorkenn'.w«*» 

■y pnrKe««idcacc. majbccviDced bj mtrfccd » the fol'owing lift «|tb'i i^ 

U> MifeptMH ud »»r*(rcd cUnMrt Tr^o,, i„oroa«re»i^in»i«ii 

lor licutwM iMMilion. wiih wliTch hf bi i frime, nM u • tgaSer 

d tbc iunaoaj of hi> eci)(hboor- f utf, > ~ 

fcood) ud waald b**c Aittered the h--^ C&vr, aiwrawfli«««raUB. 
M^af ihtfauc, indbt bit toiil omlf-^ JV^^pricic 

fioo «f fanre bippinef* io hit "PUa. &"ir> " 

tan of iba Im^nitton." Aad ftill IBtip M 

«h» diriiy edvocu^bc btcnpcrau |i. ti«i*t ■: 

Bnat andaraaJBi diftaltifM > ar, 
tbe Dcift Jm tcepiick be e>. 
■apttd 61™ ihe TtBth I Tr«ft -^ ^ 

Gmtij. wrt. llifipecT, nd d ji% - 
«- -Bjet 

fmaU iroQ pn iridi a In^riaih 

, tempcri but, ulito t<ie ii 
Llity rcqnln* ihcii 

Yuuri, &c. Imdasator. 

Mr. Uia^a; Cff. 19. 

INDUCED l^ • hope thii ■ licw ui 
Cawdny boufc, ia iu prefcnc, J^-" : 



miglit be pleafing 10 aitaj of your ten: 
Vri} I lead yuu ihc inc'olid fkcic 
1*^/^/ /!-) uktn on itic fpoc. " 

, a »irp iif iir.* in (oft wool taiM 

undv 1 weitlit on the licitd. 

r/./u^, black, lutf. 
Ihlhtr, to ircmhle. 

noretioitle liir cmli where (hlja 

Tlte peculiar pi 

ji liid to l.iic . _ . 

DuKf, whj Uiilul th-ie Klorc ;..e -(- Set Sifiuian't TnTd). 

20 Valmhii PublicaiUMS.^^Infmptienfnr Bamburgb Caftle. .[Jan. 

arms (imiUr to that on the ring^ Argent May Magazine, from writing to yoo. I 
CO a chevron Sable, three flcurs de lis of owe it, however, to the memory of Dr. 
the firfl, a chief of the fecond charged Sharp, as well as tomyfclf, to tell you 
with a Hon p^tiTant, guardant Or. And that in the letter aitf^# up from the one 
in the light corner ihis date/' an. Dni. I wrote to a very refpef^able Prelate % 
1568, aeiatis fuae, 45." The piece is in you have omitted the moft material cir- 
the Ayle and manner of Holbein ; and cumllance ofthewhote, viz. my wifli to 
upon the back of it is written BiSHeP avoid any reflexion for publilhing pii- 
Gar DINER. The ignorance of the' vatc letters without proper permiflion. 
perfon, who imagined it was the por- Not knowing bow to apply to the Doc- 
trait of the ccjebraied Stephen Gardiner, tor's family, it occurred to me to fend 
biihop of Winchefler, is remarknble. the papers to one, who, I was well af« 
The date, &c. entirely refute that fup^^ fured, would permit nothing to be 
pofition. YoBr», &c. printed that could difcredit his departed 

I' friend, I have long confidered the 

Mr. Urban, Dec. zo. publifliing of confidential unguarded 

ALLOW me, through the vehicle of Utter*, after a man's death, withour the 

vour valuable M'.r«.eliany, to con- confcnr of his heir, as a fort of mifprijiom 

gratulate my country on the honour (he 9J trtafon againfi fociety. And, though 

has acq lired by the proinuI^.ation of the the ictte«- in qucdion be of a public na- 

famous Codex Alex«ndrinus, by Dr. ture, itwas nevcrtheler^propcr I ihould 

Woidc, ?nd aUo i^r Beta's Teftament, a6\ with delicacy, 

by Dr. Kipling. Thel'e venerable and The infcription forBamburgh cjftle^p. 

valuable records of our holy religion 3 89,can rcfle£t no additional honour on 

are rendered the more invaluable from the charafter of Dr. Sharp : yet it ia 

being executed typographicslly, m a fome what grating to its author, to fee it 

fac-iimiic manner to the Unique Origi- pubiiflied fo very inaccurately, as to be, 

nals. 1 wiih'very much to be informed, m fome paffa^es, almoft unintelligible, 

by fome of your learned and curious When, tht-rerore, youdo roe thejuftice 

readers, whether it is in contemplation to infertthis letter, 1 hope you will like* 

to pobliib, in a limilar manner, Tex- wife print the following lift of errata, 

tus San8i Cuthbcrti, now in the Cot- * Yours, &c. Jo. RamsaY. 

tonian library (Nero, D. 4) t and that Line 2, forfcwM readummr. 

valuable MS. preferved in the cathedral 8, for Urtiadumy rc'^d bmti adtum. 

of Lichfield, called St. Ctiad's Gofpeh. 21, for/tfcw, rrad /xic/i. 

While I am on the fubje6t of anc ent Ditto, for wwr/i, rcid w/Vrr/j. 

learoinjr, let me lecommend 10 you i^fiorfretdatemhmyveaApr4fdat9rihuu 

the couhJcraiion of publifliing a col- 26, for ^«, read^. 

leaion of etchings, coloured, from the ^. 33, ^M'J vfmA judex. 

beautiful liiQonS.1 pa.n-..:cs P^tu,v^<l ^itto, for^,/#«., rcadm./#»^. 

m rhc many M.flals in the Murium, Noulfor BlacUU vt^ BlJketu 

public ibraries, and private col Icftions. ,^, j^j^ Stuart's in rcnption. 

m thi: kingdom : aUo of the authenti- ^^^ g^ ^^^^^ ^^j^.^ ^ 

cated portraits fron the f^me fource. j^^^^ f^^ Jrifmcet, read dtvi^af. 

They would tend to elucidate the hif- Transiation. 

fory, manners, drcfs, &c. Ac of the Paffengcr ! this caftle, 
Englifh nation. An old drawing of* anciently one of the bulwarks of Engbad| 

London (temp. Henry VIL) is pre- afterwards aUnoft ruinous, 

ferved in the Muftum ; and many was repaired in happier time^, 

others of cities, paiaces, churches, £y John Shart, D. D. 

caftlei, &c. migbr be given, in addition to whom hofpitality 

to theic preferved in th« Vetufta Mo- « "»"« f^eti than wealth to the worWling ; 

numenta, the originals of which are ^^ofe labours, and even the paftimcs of 

now no more, if this hint appears in , u'^YV''''''TJ!^'''"\^ 

iv.r.....:«« ;.«.«.. ^ u™ -«..f« breathe the love of hani;»n kind, 

your Magazine, it may, perhaps, roufe ^o ! his gardener is a m.n of fourfcore, 

fome atten ion to the lubjt-a ; m ivhich ^^ohad l-.ed hisformer maftvrfifty years, 

xaft I ih.'.U be greatly over paid in thus , ^.j^bom provfion for old age ; 

addrcfficg you. Yours, &c. R. K. and the affiftant is a frieiu'lefs negro, 

"" who, (ftrauge t« tell !) on being fet free, 

M r. U R B A N , Octtirtyrtf Sept, 4. had well nigli become an outcjft of fociety. 

VARIOUS things have prevented « Mr. K. well knoWi> a v wnom the letter 

m?, fincc the publication of your wwttwfciiucdto^heprcfs. hun. 


fFrtm LtrJ Mount morrti't H'/iry ^ 
Ibt Irilb Pm-a*m4iii, vel. II. p. iig). 

JULY 9, i«i, a »tnr Miiaordiajry 
qucIlioD itofc, about prt*coiing ihc 
puhliciticm of ihc dcbittt of ihc Iiift 
PftliimcDt in in Bnglilh newi-piptr 
calltd It* htfliiftKirr ; and i IciKr 
wai wrilRB from thi Speaker 10 Sir 
Eilwird Nichotx. the EngliOi (tctitivf 
of ilaie. to ptcTCDt thcfc p'jlilicilionl 10 
■hole Diuraitt, » ihcy cati them. The 
{.SJirfM Gaa/ir/comiDcncE'l No*. 7> i66{. 
Jl iwit It iir& called Ihc Oxjtrd UaKtt'l, 
from 111 being piiaud it<cre duiini; a 
fiifioaof piil!«meBt htld (t*i« do »c. 
cooat of the lift plaftut. Anittcdcni to 
ihii period, Sir It. I'Mi^nffi puhliOitd 
the 6rfi dailr new^-papcr in l^npland. 

FTMniliefoilowing parage ioTacitut, 
it appear* thai fo.ncwhai like ocwi-pa- 
pen Uie citeulatcJ m the Rorran Rue : 
•' Diutna pvpuli Roniini,pcrproTiDcfli', 
per exeiC'IU'i cutaiim lr)>untur : quini 
■I nnn nolcaiui , quid Thrifea, fcccrit." 

In • iiwe of Mr- Murphy's excclleot 
mnd'tion of Tacilui he lainenti that 
Boae of thcfc tMotnili, or News pipcri, 
|i b« calti tluiD, had been pTcfentd, at 

olhrn of a longer <!nratioi|. 

The lirft daily paper, after the Rctob 
lurioD, wai oiled •> The Orann fiuJIi- 
geacerj'' and ihtncc to ttgitlierc were ' 

Fiom an ad*erTir«ment in a weeklf 
piper, called "The Athenian Gaielic," 
Fit). S, 1696, ii appein, thai the eotfec- 
boureiin London had then, esclufire of 
the Vote) of Parliament, nine newi>pa- 
pen erery wiCk \ but there fcemt not (a 
hate liccD in 1696 one daily paper. 

In the Tcigo of Q^ein Aont, ihetv 
were, in 1709, iS wtekly papen piib- 
lilhed I of which, howeirer, only one wit 
a daily paper, Tbi Lmdta C»urmwt. 

In the reign of George I. in 1714, 
there were pifbliAed three daily, fix 
weekly, and teg ereaiog paperi, ihre« 

In ihc Uie Tcign there were puhliftcj 
of newt-paptrt in London, and in all 
England, "- - ■-- — 

and ID the 



tT9i m,794t'5J 

'79* IS. 005.760 
In 179* <'*■<* <**<'■ |>nb1iAcd in Lon- 
don 1} duljr, ae titaag, tod 9 weekly 

22 Pr^reJJlve Intrtduakn $f Niwfpapirs in ibis Cwniry. f Jaa. 

otpert. In the country 70 % ind in 
acotUnd 14 country papers. 

Though Venice produced the 6r(l 
Gazette in 1536, it was circulated in 
manufcript long after the invention of 
printin)]^, to the clofe of the 16th ceo- 
tury» as appears from a colle&ion of 
thefe Gazettes in the Magliabcchian Li- 
brary at Florence, according to Mr. 
Chalmers, io his curious and enteitain- 
iDg Life of Ruddiman, p. 114. 

Mr. Clialmers obfcrves, that it may 
frratify our national pride to be told that 
we owe to the wiliiom of Elizabeth, and 
the prudence of Burleigh, tiie circulation 
of the firft genui^ news-paper, ** The 
Englifh Mercuric,*' -printed during the 
time of the S^anifli. armada. The firft 
, number, preierred ftill in the Britifli 
Mufeum, is mark||) 50; it is dated the 
23d of July, i$bA, and contains the 
following curious article : 

«*Ye(lcrday the Scotch Amdinfador 
bad a private audience of her Majedy, 
and delivered a letter from the King his 
mafter, containing the roofV cordial af- 
furances of adhering to her Maje(\y'& in- 
tereftt, and to thofc of thcProieftant 
KeligioQi and the young King faid to 
her Majefty'« Miniller at his court, that 
all the favour he expefted from the Spa* 
niards was, the courccfy of Polyphemus 
to UlyfTcs, that he (bould be. devoute'd 
the lafV." 

Thefe publications were however then, 
and long after, publiihed in the fbape of 
fmall pamphlets i and fothcy were called 
in a tra£t of one Burton, in 1614: **lf 
any one read now-a-dayt, it is a plav- 
book or a pamphlet of newes,** for fo 
the word was onginally l*p*!lcd. 

From 1588 ro i6ix, and during the 
pacific rei^n of James the F r(l, few of 
thefe publicatioas appeared ; but the 30 
yeais war, and the vi£(oiie» of the great 
. King Gullavus Adolphus, having ex- 
cited the curio6ty of our countrymen, a 
wetkly pa|)cr, called **The Newe« of 
the prcfcot Week,'* was piloted by N.;- 
thaniel Butter, in i6xa, which was con- 
tinued afterwards io 1626, undrr an- 
other title, by Mcrcurius Briuoi.icus; 
and they were fucceeded by the German 
Intellij^cncer in 1630, and the Svirediih 
Inielli^encer in 16311 which laf\ was 
Compiled by William Waits, of Caius 
College, who was a learned man, and 
who thus gratified the pub.'ic cuno(i:y 
with the exploits of tl^ awediOi hero, in 
a noarto pamphlet. 

Tt e i^rckt I'^bcllton in 1641 wis pro« 

dudive of abundance of thoTe periodical 
tra^ abovementioiicd, at well as of all 
tbofe that have been publilbed fince tht 
firO news-paper that appeared in the 
pref«nt form, the Public Intel Itcencer^ 
publiihed by Sir Roger L'EAraage, 
Au^. 31, 1661. 

Mr. Chalmers fubjoiot to thefe co* 
rious refearches the account of the <firft 
pa|)er printed in Scotland, in February 
1699, the Edinburgh Gazette, whica 
was accompanied anerwardt, in 1705, 
by the Edinburgh Courant 1 and, at the 
peiiod of the Union, Scotland had only 
thres news-pxpers. 

The publication of the Caltdontan 
Mercury, bv Ruddiman, April aS, 1 710, 
led this curious and entertaining biogra- 
pher to this minure and laborious invaf- 
tigation ; from which it appears, that 
England had. in 1792, 35 town and 70 
country papers; Scotland, 14 news-pa- 
pers, pubiidi.d at Edinburgh and to the 

Mr. Urban, Jmm. a. 

AS the Btbtmotb is one of the mod 
remaikable antphibious quadra* 
peds that the Cre itor liak made ; I lead 
you a new triinAiition, %vith explicative 
notes, on that pair of the Book of Job 
which defcribcth it; winch may be ac» 
cept-ble to f<»me ot your readers by its 
ap|>earance in your valuable Magazine. 

Job, xi. I ^, &c 
Behold now Behemoth, which I have made; 
Near tliee, he eaieih gr.ifs like an ox .* 
Lo his ftrength is in his loins 1 
And his adive fmce in Wm middle of hit belly. 
He raifeth his tail like ti* a cedar : 
The finewsof hi^ privities are intwined^ 
Hts nbs are ftrong as pipes of hrafs{ 
His bones are hard like a bar of iron. 
He is thd nioft extraurdioary of the works of 

God : [teeih. 

He tliat formed him h\th finely fixed his 
The mountains fupply him K^ith f(H>d ; 
And trere all the bcaftsof the field play* 
Under tbe (hady trees, he lieth down, 
In the concealment of tlie reeds, and foft mud. 
Tlie fpreading hough> <»verfhadow his retreat \ 
The Willi >ws of the river encompaiis hiro. 
Behold, the ftream may pi eft on bim, yet he 

is not afraid ; [agaiiift his menth* 
He is (ecure, although Jordan fhoukl rufh 
No^Nie can take him before his eyes 1 
And pierce through his nofe with fnares. 

Notes Explanatory. 
BeAtmoth.'i Tne word niDHS ^E* 
nifies ihe Bca(^, or Brute, by w«iy of 
emioenc*-, the rooft eminent or remark* 
ai !e of Brutes. See Paikhurfi's Lexicon 
un tbe word, Bocbart coniend^ tbat the 


h*n ii Ihouli] br, mar Ihit. The A< 
«igbtT liad dcStEd Job lu tMhofd bitn 
bow; a< if be hid raid, behold ihii 
voadtffulcrexure wh'ch I i.i*c midci 
icbulil hi'm, he it at\i iliccj for he 
comcib from ihc ii>er lo (iImci whera 
there » p >Diy of graft, ihat he inay 
cui ibeie Dtireoe bini. Sci Pool'* 
Sja(^6i. Although ibe iranllicuii hate 
put the colon after -' I b^vi midt 
ihcc :" fciitnughl lobe ./rtr " I ha>c 
■idc." Sec the TrmflaiioD. 

Strttgib ii ('« Hi Jami.) Ttit wari 
VJTOi fig'Jfi" 'he Am, ihofe farti 
«t (he body uh>ch arc lUuaied biKvieo 
the loivell r<b(. and die ufurMm, and 
nhkh compichtiidi jhe/ii/ i/iritbr^ u{ 
the to.i)i, »h>cii „e of all ilic tliidcft, 
■id la'gLS. See The. Bai.hnlin. Anj< 
■omia, p. i<:9, whafc niudiaie, i^aa- 
i§'ttm f*M J*' fvcrtitntfal.) cr^ffiat 
fat, tl m^xtmtt. 

Jad bii amvf /fci.'} The word 
WK1 fiioffi'* h..>^r, »r »«e.r, /■- 
iMT, f4titJ, *3ivii^, paiiUuIuly iht 

lin<iothac<i, ilikkncfi, H<>n|;ih,~ and 
ftiffncft. See Parkhutfl't L«iioo on 
the word. So ihit when ibe hjppopo- 
umui ra'fci or lifii up hit Uij, >t a lik« 
a cedari for, ai Euffoa in hi) Hifl. 
Nal. lom. X- p. iqS, and Stheuehjer 
in hit Phifica Sacra nn the p'lce, lay. 
the tail of the hippi'potiimut ii elcien 
iDcheirouriinEi(Prcnch) limg j and at 
in nriiin (omovli^it miiic ,\\%„ a is 

foot il rqual lu oirc 
EngtiA t ■D<l ill''* d 
taken from ihe femali 
th>rdlcr. itianiliein^K 

Hh r,i, flr, /rt,f « 

The ivi,rd V^Vy ''S" 

.). The French 

ill ip'./i, Jaa/'i 

fdidhv. P^rklm.n .<;r,. 


pipe, (or Uiani.cU) of . , 

hi (lirijer. pnjeflm^) l)on,.« UU h 

of iro.,. Dr. Y- 


jng pM 



NiW Tranflafion of e/feteffPaffage in Jo1>. 


Thif plice ID the Book oF Job, F •* and -here fvery beaft of the fieM 
think, is certainly intended to exprcft gnzs." Dr. Young paraphr^tfes it rhut a 

the wonderful firen|;th and extraordi- 
nary hardneft of the Behem^.th's bones. 
Brookes fays, that the bones of the 
hippopotamus are much h<'<rder than 'he 
elephant's Nat. Hift. \m. 1 p. .c^': 
and BufTon fays, that ihc bones f>f the 

The roonnta'.ns feed him ; there t!f^ bealb 

The mijr* ty itrangc. and in dread retire; 
At Icr.gih li^ Rn-atnt fs nearer they farvey 
Craze in his (haduwy and his eye obey. 

Under the fia<y treet be lutb (Unvn.^ 

hippopotamus are tres Jvrtef^ et d'une Dr. Yrupp'.'»(lds, 

fmhfanteA dun qu'elie Jav feu (%nire it The fcp- ar.d rrnrfties are his cool retreat, 

/rr, very llrong, and of a fu:»!*ar.ce lo His i.;ynt:t»t ilieherfiom the burning heat j 

hard as to ftrike fire with fttr I , and that jlieir fcOgy bof<.m5 his witlecouch are matfc, 

this fubftance is fo white, fo c!ci»n, and And groves of willows give him all Uieir 
io hard, as to be far preferable to irory (hade* 

for making artiBcial, or r,in:, tcc.h. BeheU, ibe Jlratm mmf prefs •m him.l 

And in the note, Monf Dtfmarchis is The original xvords are^Hi PCW* TH 

quoted as faymg exprcffly -n h,5 Vov- ^^.^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ rendered, - Behold *he 

age torn. II. p. ,48. " Th.t the tuAcs but iheword PB^JT 

of the hippopotamus are much harder , i- T r /- • • r 'X^^ 

(beaycoup p!m durgs) ih^n if ory." Hift. ^^' °? ^"^V fig";ficntion tit fignifies to 

liar, torn X. p. 207. ^^"'A Pf'f' ''f ^pon.firrvt, oxflmg. 

He is tbi mejl extfiurdinary cf tbe ^J'l ""', ^o violence in ^ f^^\^'^^^^^ 

n»orksrfGod. or the ebiff of Ibeivcrs ^'^' therefore hierally, •• Behold the 

•/ God. u e. He is one of the moft Tc- '['')'> f ^ [^^ ^"?L'11«P''u ' '^fi^'"'' 

markabie quadrupeds that the Almighty violently (on him) nSm he will not 

hath made. be afraid (of it) or he will not hafte out 

Hatb firmly fited bis teeib, or tu/ks. (^^ »;) ^^"♦^ ^'-;^' ^"^ t^pid^tiJb." Our 

The word J^^t denotes to cenfitie, fix, trf nil nors, lakuiR ihe^Bchorooth ^to be 

or make f aft. 
iignrifies bis fi 

or his infirumeHt or his^tfftf^* ; it means 
here the teeth, or tuiks of the hippopo- 
tamus, which the Creator has by nature 
firmty fixed in his mouth; (o th^t it 
ought to be rendered teeth ; for, teeth are 
given (lim for his fword, or weapon of 
defence, or offence Nonnus favs (with 
many oihers) that the hippopotamus has 

dog-tccth always covered and concealed paraphrafe this place wrong : 
by his lips when his month is (hut, yet 
are very long, cro<iked, prifmatic, and 
cutting like the tulks of the wild boar. 
See Parkhurft's Lexicon. Harpe btc 
Jingitur infiruQus bippfpotamus^ eui etiam 
barpen tributmi Cr^ei p9*t^. Piicaud, 
Tberiae. verf 566, & Noft. Dion}/, /. 26. 
^uia ar;jEB/;'Mai ^ai;Xi<o'>i'lah-, id ffi, denies 
exfertoSf babe*^ moliver flexos^ centos^ 
pr^longoi, quibus tu meaum Jalasjruiifs 
demetit, et ctrrumpit. See Pool's by- 
nopfis on the place. 

AiltbebioJIs oj tbe field pUty.'\ The 

K^y denotes to cenfiie, fix, trf minors, laKin^ ine ncnonio:n 10 oe 
F, and the other word ^n '^"^ el^phanr gave th.s word a forced 
V . t •/• i J I or rather a fa'fe tranll^tion, or perhaps- 

Cephc fi glacinle caput quo fuetos anhelam. 
Ferre fuim FyiiK>ny aronemqoe avertere 
ponto. Slat. Thch. V. 349 

Qui fpiiis tcgeret montest hauriiet hi^itu 
Flumina, &c. Claud. Pief. in Ruf. 

Thefe alio, or by not obferving the 
original, have caufed Dr. Young. to. 

His eye drinks fordan up, when fir'd with 

He triift. to lum its channel tlown his throat ; 
In lefTen'd wa\'es it creeps along the plain^ 
He Hnks a river, and \\c ihii Cti again. 

\Vht.€Vcr is acquainted with the. He- 
brew, »nd knows :iic nature and way of 
the hi|jp<'potamus, will cafily fee that 
the traiiAution is wtong here. BufTt^n, 
fl^eakmg of the hippopoidmus, fays, 
•• He is pleafed with being in the water, 
and ftays there as wiilingly as 00 the 
land. He remains a long time at the 

word tpntJ^^ denotes to etnUnd, figbt, bo^om of the wauf. and walks there as 
fiirmi/h, or to ficrt, play, or danee. jn ihf open air." Hifl. Nat. torn. X. p. 
Thole hills, or rifing ground on each ,,i. And V/at Ton, in his .\nimal World- 
fide of the rirer, that fupply the hip- Difplayed, p. 92, fayr, "that the hip- 
popotamus with food, a'.fo do the fame popota'mus fp-nds part of its life under 
to every other creature there. The word water; it comes out of the water in an 
*7DN% ^^5''''*'» wouli* have been pre-* evening to deep; and when it goes lu 
ferable here, in the original to pn2^> again, it walks very deliberately in over 
and ough; to have been icndcrtd (husj head, and puffues us coiufe along the 


of » cuTije ftoni Jnb. line .o. f-r ih« I ' r""'" "'%"'^ ^'""^ "" '"""'"'T 

trtutof the fMir, reiiJtheiro«S/arfof * <>' ""y "' y°"r "uniHoui rMderi, 

. .,, , ,- . ;".'..» fponJeflts.tojId inform ihem. what ta 

the 4/«^ or ■ fworil, at the m* irati of W.,„„. „f,i„, o,,i i « ' ■ , 

AOBo-r ;. .. .k- c K.r„.. >».. works, wirhfome sceouniof!;. 

KKs I Kiitnen^iuc before you- rt*«..i,i«<s.-,.u i_ »"■■• 

f/,,«.,„.«r.*.jri....h.„;..; ?,;;i:;r,frp,rf,"r:r.,,« 

„„.i,..,i,.,.j.. i...8h..d o.r. ,,^ Hino,,%™,n .h, p„ir,.„"?; 

.■ll»rllh...ihMitoli./^.o, I. .. u.milii. l.fti, ■ ' 

Hflmmeiiu thai iMohBinht wind from Ysur.^&c. . Chriosm 

For th Gentleman's Magazine. N. B. If the land were pipuchcd. and 

A ca^fulanon jaf tht annual pioduce or . a crop or iwo of potatoes taken out of 

tent of wood land per acie, char- 
ging mtereft at fire ptr cent, (in- 
ter eft upon intercft) fonhc Ume every 
^•rar until cut. 

If folJforiolrer 
aa e.procUices an- 

mi.illy, if left to 

l^amf the number Iffoklfor 

of years in the 1 9I. per 





it, the xyond would thrirc much better. 
Shoulf) the wtidd be fold for more 
th&n lol.pcr nfcrc, or Ief» than 18I. (for 
the nuviibergf years in this table) ; the 
cnirQal rent mav he afceri^ined by the 
cotumoo Rule o/Threff 

\lr. Urban, J^'imbeJIer^Jan. 15. 

AS it appears bv tbe concluding linet 
of a work, with which Dr. Geddea 
hHs juft fivoured the pubiick, called, A 
Littir to tbfBi/bcp of Cemtutio, that he 
ID flakes the meaning of a pafTa^e^ rela- 
ting tohimfeif, in my letter which was 
ioOrtcd in yoo^r Magazit^e for iaft 0£t«- 
bcr, p. 887; I beg permifHon to be heard 
In order t(* rncouraj>c gentlcmtn of in exptanation, Icaviftt; it ?j the jiufgc- 




S. d. 
II a 

'3 i 

14 2 

»5 4 

1. s. 












If fold for 
I S*. per 
1. s. 








landed property to improve their eflates 
by pUntinjs of watle Und with cmd- 
vood, I hep leive, through rhee^tru- 
fivt circulation of your M-*jr^2i»»e, to 
pubhfti the above tablts,vvhich afcer- 
t;iin the fl«ra«/piofiipei acre x4 fuch, 

meri of y<ur ej^dcrs, who may think 
pr per to look back to ih««t letter, whe- 
ther 1 do or do not ^ivc the obvioui 
meaning of thr faid p'i^aj^e. 

ji never then wns my indention to in- 
finuate thfUthe Do^^oraitPcd at "draw- 

when fold, atthe expiration of fcvcntitn injv money out of the pockets of man- 

tn twenty •<«« vears, at different prict s. kind" by any d>fhontfl cr difhonouiabk 

Tills would be a rational amultn^tnt, means, or in any other way, txcepr by 

and profitable to himfelf and his heirs, the^air fd*c of his promifcd Veifi n .of 

A country, well wooded will encooiapc the Bible : bu: this gentleman living 

various manufactories to fettle in it; .ind jnft hefoic, in a printed Addrtfi ft ihe 

• the value of fuchy by intre-ting popu- 
■ I.iinn, and mAing money moie plenty, 

• arc fuch great bcncfi's to the landed 
gtntlctrien i%% need not be pointed out. 

Thrre arc hardly any farms of cxtti»i. 

PuhUtk, coniplaioed of ihe op^c fuioA 
he iiitt with from perfons of various de- 
fcriptions, and more j'aiticularly from 
Thole of the Rt man Caihohc Commu- 
nion, amon^ft whom, he laid, he could 

but wh«t have many ficrcs of poor and ^^^i reckor. fifty fubfcribers to his woikj 
uaprofuable land, which mipht he plant- j took occahon to lemind him of the ge- 
i-d to axlvHiuape with cord-wood j and, n^ral indif)>i>riiion of irankmd to favour 
ihot^d the demand for fuch be flacic, 
ihey fht.ud be weeded, and the moll 
thriving left to ftand ; tltfe will be very 
ufcful for c(.untry purpoies, and be mt rii 


h!c. if left to grow a few ytars 

Icnprr, than cord wood. 

thut'e who attack their favourite opini- 
ons. 1 told h>m thit It was madneii in 
him to txpeft fupp«irt from the latter, 
v-biirt he a r^tinucd occ- fionally to fport 
opiuions whiLh ihty account heretical, 
and \%hil'i he reglcttcd to keep ciear of 

In m;jn\ parts of UoHIia the peala^is ^hc rc»hfuse nf ihtir prcL^r^-k. Tbi* evi- 
-ktcp n*any duck* of Otcs, (fomc p^r- deutly was aJvice. from which he mi^ht^ 
fons h've n ore than a iiuncred hivts.) it he had pleated, have drawn advantage, 
and their hotity ferns to be collt^ltd With the fam* view, 1 hinted 10 him, 
from iht buds and flowers of the tiiur that hu open dcciamauoosagainilchurcli 
ber liees. The Linden iiee, I am told, eftablifliroents and ben>dii*ry nobility 
is very advantageous on that account i ^verc iltxatculaied to obtain for him the 
and why n ighi not other trees that bear puronage of the opulent anil tbe power- 
flowers be rqually 1)entfici«il? or why f^,! jo chotch and ftaiti and I confi- 
• it might not anfwcr to our cottagers iu denily alToied him, that writi;)g congra- 
Et> viand ? ' tularoiy odes to the French AlTcmDlyp 
The prodtice in wax and honey, I and catling for national Reform at home, 
ihi^uld think, wou d amply itpay for was not popular language wich tbe coun- 
the care and attention, if the landlord try ar large: as 1 utterly denied, and de- 
%vould but encour;»gc them at firft lofct ny ftiH^ that the ** current begios to 
vip. Yours, &c. turn in favour" of the pretended frw "' 
A Friend to Agriculture* of the people^ and that "ihe »• 

tJ94-} * <—' * ' »» Ot' GeJ&iV Lttttr h iht Biflwp of Ototttrio. %•/ 

erfiaitinhlonttTt" vtMBitliit. "ii 'bu of ■ pArfccatiBf ■•^uiGwrj i» 

K>df to bf flnlIom4 vp !■ the ju<frc, hoifocr, frorti ib> aurcict of 
abr(*i«>h*an "hUVHt" p* )1- I"' <h* fonscr, ihraaj^hnat Itxii nfh^ililf 

l«(pft(tg, kw*c**r,- uhA TcRcOioa*, pamphlen, fou would, alldlt, ritppof* 

dn^B rrart'thiih^orr^Hilihc lapiri- ibai thitcbirificr"*! perTcaiji dcrcrp- 

.«Bce uf huAia BKurf, I ifliirrd tbt t>*e of itic Eaglilb Catholic prdt' 

D.iOar, ihv, Air «]• owji pirt. m f»t 'bcirconituft withnrpcft ti Dr. Gcd- 

■* hi* work WHflMMnicilf I obIt '«- dctaodhi) Bibli : you wnu[d ccnainlf 

qaircrf <■•< •■frvaurahU- impnfliQB, oncludi, thit, in cbe rrac fpiril of ttw 

wh'tcli mnf ether* hivr reMived ia >ol"'*iin|e p)><lo''>P^n ■'>ra*diihc|r baj^ 

cornmoB •iib-aif fclf| to be done iwij, mii^e ■ loccib t tnirv upun out ajihor'f 

aimclT, ihar, with *tl bit nriitB|;i no Hudr, h*il humr nil ih« copiu of bit 

the r^crcd tcu> KchTBfcIf itBti iBfidtl r*'^^" ■'"T <''!"IJ mceiwiih, and had 

« irt) rvfpBA to it ; u4 that ht dOct IMC put t6cir fcal upon hii papcii i ii ill 

balieve a woid of iti bcine An'nt\<f ia- aTCBti, jrnj wiiuld boi cBrertaia a dnubt 

fpind. Tci,t1inugb ihc Dofiar.hai no- bdt t^4t ihe* bad ahfoluicl/ prnh<biic4 

iic«l Mc BBd By wtitiap {b ■arinua lAt priniiB|;i tbe ftliini:, aad iba rtad- 

paCtjiEtaf bit Uic prtBtedlciur, ht fiaa <ngofihi»w<iRderfurprui)u£linaaniongl} 

Bot tbouplK pfopcrto (iy a finale word 'heir flock, asd bad Giluiied n ccira>a 

ID aafwcrM ihii Very rcaJbaablc ie<|ai- Ciihal c peer i>i wiilidtaw th* \vnTy n 

fi:ioa. ' whicli hi- ba# fiir Ibmaflf jthtt il'nwvi 

Ititttac, tbaCoAer cndcav'>un, in iht tnnHitnr. But, Sir, bt i>£u'ed, tna| 

boih bia Wnrkc, to cnBciliatc iha favour nnhing of ihii ii tiuc ; naA, nhctedt 

<if fo-neoF thnTc whom heapprchMitl* lo ibofe gcnikmcn wrrc p-ilTvlTEd of tlM 

be iBdiffM^cd agi^cA bis, atkd, in par- fairaS opportuniit of jiiStt condemnipF 

ticular. b« addreSn fame deprecatory biKh lb* tranllatiDB-and ibe trlBllitur 

vetlet to bit liiltf, p. J4. to a cert«ia himrelf, ihcy fniitfied tHemrdx) w-ih 

leiracd prelate of ibtF.fliblifbedChiiichi tvftrnini; ilieii i1.>rk n'^.iinl) >iiiii|iriafciliit 

but. if I form a right iud|{einenc u! itial at »n apiiruiuJ vcill.m. Piufvllii-g. tt 

illuIlriou)cbariOc[,lie w.jutd baxbeen l<ii< •'".'i K (fid, income ^ir«i*'i l„ t^e 

mucli beitci pit. Ted to rr^J ■ plan dif- panic! tr :ilt <.' Rom 40 Cat ti .lirt.cmlj 

avowal of fome of the DVior'i rcatli, iheir I'rtf^'ei .I'oid rxirelUnK ib^n- 

any pcrfoBal cnmplimcntt which lelii;) wliciher ap;>iovcd uf i' 

■he author of the ^'.>rfo;k Tale wai u- 

«ork..r 0<>i> nnd, rinlio^ thf.fJvLi 

pableof additino); lo h'in. Whether 

obfiB'diojtj.aii, ouild ihtv tiprcia 

ar Doi, howevir, it wa» nnrth the Doc- 

Ihcmfdvci iu mure (IiuJcrait Iani!i,.„,.i 

lor't while, on the pief^ai -fccarioB, to 

]fihen.>>1orw>ll but l>cconnftti>[..iitt 

leaie the fober uait of profe, aod lo 

himreir, moil ceilainiy ht cannoi c«m- 
pLin th-i lilt w.'k ii not *dq.-eil , for. 

mount Pegafu), for the p'-pnle of l,ob- 

bttcg tlirough fuch lime ei>ui>Uit at the 
foi:o.v>ng, tbc publick w II 'y^Agt no kfa 

wt 6nil in )\UaJJrtfi, p. 3. ilui uf 

hli itdfom fnr uudi-rnkiiii; n ni:w ira:i- 

ihaj tbeielpca^ble prelau. 

fl-ii..ii«fthef«.ipiu<e., .nfjV..u<ofU .- 

" 1 itercr »lll believe, betiere win can. 

m.ia Caihnliti, «j, ih.i "ftvcal bnoki. 

" 1 never wilt betiere that tlxrllef iilliat 

whuh the tcuncil ofTrtnt had dcoitd 

to be, ivtre in ihe r;.iiini..n 

I >m perfuaded ihai, in gc.nersi, the 

ve-liim a.c<.u-.icd ji.hil ;" ngw 
in hij J^ic III!-', p. 13. [hi; D..^„r hlni- 
frif givti luundli inio >he fa;!!^ ..(.ini.,,^ 

DoAor can mjke beit«r,rhyiiiei than 
Ibefe I but we alt know. ihii. whatever 

be the cafe wi,h Scnpiu.«,Pnt,ry i, cer- ^ . =7''''""' ,""' '. ■■ 
lainU the work ..I infuJiaiK.o ' and it •'"■" '•'^'i'" " "' "1' 

fptaking uf, a> in h.<vi< been unable 

.,brt.vati..n. >vnich he hnt.d.f 

diagly we find her, w.<nrn the compjf, " ? fi-i;!' A'oke. fe.u. >vh,.(e i.,..,'.. 

of.%.ry tew Ime.. ,hu. marring the ?*'"'" «"" ""fi""-^"'- P""">''' "f 

harmony of her luJotoan filler, " ^^l.'f""' -^l^"o,vl edged «- 

"Qi|i,'.iuidideft,Danaos««.«doiiafere[i. i, ..theremnkof lord Chelterii.Id, 

IU, P-J4. thai fe;f love (in'mpti u< to lejcfl the 

The cti.iiafjer, Mr. Uiban, which the piaile i.f ih^fc qualiucs which wc ate 

Dodor very juiily leprelinit ai not ap- eonlci'-u* of piitUilin'^, aviA (« cowirii 

a8 Remarks on Dr. Gcddes'i LetUr to thi Bijhop of Centurioi [Jan f 

fear our claim will be difputed. Per- 
haps this axiom mav help to throw light 
on the followin)^ accovmt which our 
tranfl^tor gives of himfelf. •* Superio- 
rity of talents," fayt hfc,<* I never claim- 
ed, beciufe I was confcious that 1 could 
no? cUim it with jufiice s but, in patient 
indiiflrv, and an honeft candour, I will 
not yield the palm to any ma<i.*' Ad- 
drefs, p. :, Now, phat the Doftor h^$ 
great talents, and that he thinks fo, no- 
body will deny ; but that hie " patient 
induftrv" has confined him to the Bible, 
which, he fays, has " been for more 
than twelve years almoft the fole objeft 
of my con(\ant Oudy and application ;" 
ibid, moft people will dtfpute, who arc 
acquainted with the Fncredible number 
of pamphlets, (and even now he pro. 
mifcs us feveral others,) with and with- 
out his name, which aie known to be 
the fruit of his indullry during the did 
period. On the other hand, that he is 
poiTciTed of that honed candour which 
hates all difguife and prevarication, and 
tnakts him pour out his fcntimenls with 
the fame finccrity, as if, fays he, ** I 
were before the tiibun il of Him who is 
to judge the living and the dad f** Letter, 
prfsunble, p. 4^ this, I fay, every one 
wHI deny, who is acqujiiued with his 
trimaiiog conduct, io religious* matters, 
for a longtime paft. I will not men- 
tion tho(c works of this writer which 
he has been afraid too.v^ { nor will I 
rtfcr to ihofc paiTa^es tn the very work 
•1 have juft quoted, in which he makes 
life of a Hudied cautiou to conceal hs 
fentimenfs: but 1 appeal to himielf, 
whetlter, if if) that contcrencs wiiich he 
has. referred to, LeUer, p. ^6, or in any 

but ratbir an uttitly fubverfivt 0/ tbemt 
do not complain if *we ceafe to imptov you 
ms a minijlfry or to conjidtryou at a mem' 
btr of tbit eburcb. Pray, Mr. Urban, 
what is there inquiiitoriiil in this lan- 
guage } Yours, ^c. J. M — r. 

Mr. Urban, James -fi eel, Jan. i^. 

YOUR anonvmoui correfDondcnt 
froHn Chcfhont confi Icrs tlic con- 
tributionv ot the cUrgvto chaiities, fimi- 
hr to the one of vihich I latelv lent v^ti 
an accoun^ n^ a£)^8 of infurauctf not of 
charity. Wedifdain the imnutadon ; it 
is an illiberal ohOrrvatiun; it is, if ap- 
plied to the Suffolk clergy, I can take 
up:>n me to fay, an unju^l one j and I 
believe it to be equally unjutl if applic<i 
to ilic ElTcx clergy or the c^Iergv of any 
other county in England. We owe 
inudi to the contributions of '.he laitV| 
we (4wn ourfelrcs on this account much 
their debtors; even your Clicfliunt cor- 
refpondcnt aliows tbrm to be ii.fluenced 
bv n ' otlit r motives than thole of the 
purtft charitv ; and the fam: o igWt 
lurcly in juHice to thcni to be fiid of 
the more opulent cl. .^y. wlio cannot 
cntcrta'n the moll diftanr idea of other 
recumpence for what tl ey thus IkOow, 
than that '{cafuix which they lay up 
f>r ihcmfclvc^ in heaven. As to the 
clergy in lefs affluent circumlUnces, 
neither can it be fairly fuppofed tkac 
even tb^yt in contributing their mite, ^tk 
on felf-ioteieUed motives, (ince, whciher 
they conrriliute or nat, their families, 
when in diftrcfs, receive the fame affif- 
tance from ihe fuirf. Yours, &c, J.Ord, 




previous communication with his preiaie,^ P P- P. m your laft volume, p. 10 12, 
" A . deiires fomeof y 

he had exprelTed himfelf with the f^ime 
freedom' he has jull now done, with re- 
fpc^t to the council of Trent, the canon 
of lacr;.d fciiptures, and o'hcr points ; 
whether, I fiy, he is not convinced 
thai he would much't;irlier ha^e incur- 
red the fame, or a heavier cen(ut<, than 
tH'it ' f which he rit psefent co;nplaiiis, 
Hi> 1 ipcruirs vvould not, indeed, have 

our correspondents 
will fend him an account of the annual 
amount of the rents o^ the landed pro- 
perty in England and Wales; rhe num- 
ber of arable acres in ditto \ the annual 
average of ^crts fown with com; the 
number in grafc. This is tu be done 
dire£Vly, 10 /;r/>r^//# a publication To 
be (urt, thefe arc quelhon cafi'y anrvcr- 

•* crulhtd him witli the mill-ftone of au- ed. A vvag 1 a wag I Mr. Urban. Q^X. 
tioriv. p. 39 i" a f^ie whicii, in the 

lime biCii I, he dcpiecates nnd cljres ; 
Kut, :ht)i! liktly tney vvould hive held 
I- him lone fuch language as the fol- 
i. ^.'iiig, which, I trull, need not fear 
til;. C3'ul(»«i of any Britilh car. If ib'fe 
^'i y.-urfr'ftiimeutSf D^^ C'edJn-, fot.ow 
»04 ft a tJ 4vt!iome : baijl your (iuudtrd, 
ai4J gi btr round ^ou yO'4r juUo\Kir:r$ Out, 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 10. 

NOFHlt^JG more ftrong^y marks the 
(X)wer of artaclimcMt to a panicuUr 
fyitem, whether well or lil founded, 
than the fliant/c hvpoheiis adopted by 
the ingoni )us ?.lr. Cjuilocr, in hit 
'* Remarkable Ruins and romaniic 
S cn-.ry in Scv):!<,d," concerning the 

6 J tbc}'- ae tiijl uuf eptmtjyts. nur rb^jfe of "WH'/hifi of the yir^'i Mary, deducing it 
fhg^b*.rtb ^itt vfbub «w# cQihrnunuati^ Irjm Eg)pc, whcic S:. C^ril was patri- 

tlie con(io>cil<f >g*ina tlic Ariini! than .Noi hiring Istn the portriit it St. 

it hid (oimerly b«cD, ind w» i favcur- jDhDV, I fend you iliis wcouni fur fir- 

itc iirm W'lh the follawen of Apolli- [her iatuunaii'jii. 

■aris," "/^ wn Bilhop of LaodTcd, and Id tlie lame Mifctllaoy w< iic told, 

» flreauoui defender of ihc d.jfiiinc of that ii is in Candidcibit Voltiirc com- 

Chrift'i ditiaitf <Ib. }44), and fluuiiOi- piui itie Ficnch lo m^mkeyt and ti^tri, 

cd about thtniiddle U ihc fobrih cen- Speikingof fume horiil crimccommiiird 

imj, JO ycart ■( leall btfcre ihi cnntcft in France, Casdidc ciclainii, " Ab I Ici 

bciweea Cyrit and Ncn<i.ius, ihoirgli it monllrcil Qjioil dtt itllcs boncuis chiE 

urai in cunfcqtience of this cnnicfl ibii un pcupic qui cliaocc & qui danlel No 

the ftitue of the Virgin, with ihe cbiid pourrai-je turtir au plu> viic it ce piyt 

Jcfui i« her jitr.', obiiincd a piincipjl on Infitg/i agactnl In igrtif" (i* litre 

place in lim chui(h<!i in ihe fourib ceo- itic monkeys let on the tigers). Tbc 

lury {£b- p. jql)| and it ii not impro- follnwing flory i» added : ".A young 

bibtc but ii migbi lie (ubRituted lo ihai ^ni-'inimin was a: Lyoni in tbc bpiing 

of Ilisi or ibe hieroglyphic abnvemen. of 1768, it vbtch time there wis a mm 

lioned be cip'aiocda. a tcidiirmuaoi of broken ilivt oa il.c wb«1. He could 

Iciiiin^ the Egjpiiaos to leccive CliiilU- n»t help djinlling liii boncA JDrligniiioa 

Ore cannot help w:fliing thit tbc' laili J'tiu in ib»t dty, adding, bow 

inrn.rii^ (til., wbt'con the Viigin". fi- Onmcful 11 wn thai ii Oiould take place 

eurc it repiclcDted, bad been more cor- amonj; fo polFfliid a pcuple at the Frcncit 

rcSlv drmn -.nnd-«ngta«d, as 1 will tbtii ivcre. An old filk-meiccr, who lai 

.inture to iffiim ilitic was no fuch acu to him, beard bim out with ertM 

(ir.iciiwl wn,kman(hip in ihe ma:rii:« p-uenc, and then very coolly [old, 

oKtili, eicnioScot!and, asithticex- ' Young '"»n. yo" ')" ""' <""* ">/ 

bihtied. Nor«adi«g or etplatiaiion of countrymen fo wlII at I doi noih.nK 

ti* kgendi of lh.;e " ftali of Cmtbelit but that kind of punifhnieni, agamft 

Uiiialitit in North Britain" is oHered ; which you hivc been ptuled to caclaim 

«.orJ.ltc»fy,frouiibercprefeolation,lff lo much, «ill keeplbcm in any decent 

Bidit. asy out, exrept iha 00* U ih« order, I alTuie sott.'^Msut. «■■■«-« 

30 B/iyal and Nohk Litters.^SoUtary Impn/onment. [Jan. 

Iwive indeed proved how well acquaintrd 
fhf cr 7*n of Lvor.s was with the cha- 
ti£ltr of th^ Frctnch.** D. D. 

- Mr. UliBANy 9finchtfitry J^h. lo. 

I- SEND you the copies of two original 
letters. which f havetstely met with, 
and which the fubje^, the ftyle, and 
rt;c aurhcirs of them, wi I recommend, 
as matter '"f curiolity, to nnany of your 
feadeis. The former of thefe letters is 
in the hand-writing of Chaiirs II ; the 
l»;ier, in that of his ninitier, lord Lau- 
<)erdalc. .Thcr arc both addrefled to 
an anceftor of the prefent earl of Nor- 
thifk, at whofe feat,' in this county, 
cralled Rofehiii, they are nowprcfervcd. 
Jc was with the nermiffion of thai noble 
perfonige that I procured the prcfeijt 
copies to be made for your 'ilc ; in 
which the ortliography and abbrevi^i. 
tions of the origtuals are flr.^Hy prc- 
ftrntd. I have only .to add, that the 
l^iiiied lady who refufcd to take a huf- 
band at the royal recommeodaiion, as 
foon as that w«i^withdrawn, married 
him for his own merits; and it is be> 
Jie\'ed that the prefent noble governor of 
Jcffey is, in a dnc6b line, the fruit of 
chat unioD. Yours, &c. J. M. 

'* My lord No(>tl'«cik, I am fa much con- 
fer ucd in my lord B.ilcan«*>, that hcareing 
be IS in (iiite of oiie of your daiv'*hteis, I 
murt lc:t you Wnow, you caniu»t l^oftDw her 
upon a pcrfon of whof« worth and iulslity I 
have a bci'.er efteeme ; which mpvc5 me haf- 
tily to recommend to you, and your lady, 
your franck. compriance with his Hefjjjnc, 
and as I tio re.ily intend to be very kinWe to 
him, and fo do him good as occafiou ofivrs, 
as well for his fathers fake as his ownc, fo if 
you and yuur bdy condvloem'.s to hi«< pi eien- 
tion, and ufe'him kindly io it, 1 (bA\ take it 
very kindly a', your handsi and rcckoa it lo 
be done upon tlie accouute of, 

•* Your affcchonae frinvlcr, 

«« Charles R/' 

^* Wy I.^RP, }rbit«half, Jou, 18, 1 6 71-3. 

" Yeftcrday I\cd yo'is of t'»e 7tu 
inAaiv, and ac-ording to yo'r dcfirc 1 ac- 
<)iuintw-d il'.c King u, th it. His Majty 
«oi«iatai^ded me to lignifv to )outhathcis 
fiktisfytd, for as he did rc».om*ciid tl at ma- 
nage, fuppofing tl'at it was acceptable to 
both parties, fo l"C did not -ntsnd to lay any 
ton.* M[v:n > oU ; tin 1 for he leaves you 
lod.lpfe or yo r daiK htor ao you picafe. 
This I" by his Vlaj tics lOtn'anl fiBiulicdto 
y vur loiilftiip b», my Kid. ycur lordft^p'$ 
IPoilhuivbic Tcr'.aiit, Lam \jivt.u all" 

*' EuncfSc'.tbt/i*' 

Mr. Urban, jam, 16. 

COLITARY Imprifonmcnt having 
^ be<?o recommended by the philan- 
thropic Howard, adopted m many coun- 
ties, and in fome inftances received 
parliamentary Cni^ion, and wh'ich, at 
tiir ai experience will eDable us to form 
an opinion, is likely to produce the mod 
beneficial cdFedts j I waps Turprifcd, in a 
late tour in LticeiterAiire, to have a 
p'an p'jt into my hands for an e(labli(h« 
fftiDt on a dirc61ly op}>ofite piinciple, 
under the name of ♦* BritiHi Sctclemeot 
for the Reformation of the Ctiniioai 
Poor Adults and Children," 
** Thy overflow of goodcon\eit5 to bad." 


T do not refer to the plavi a^ 1 mean 
the lint- to be taken litetaMy and un- 
connected. Suiely one trt" th* oihe^ 
muft bs Rp.inv miftukiyn, tithcr in (o- 
litary impiilonnienr, 01 in colk-^ing 
into one focus all tholie who may have 
fufFered the puniihment o; their crimes, 
and thofe whom the lenity of a jury in 
too if.any cafes acq lit, and thofe who 
niay have lam un;1cr ih<: misfortune of 
being falfely accufed. 'The former, i 
declare, is my opinion of being likely to 
be useful . 

Another objeAion to this plan will 
arifc from the county. As for I>erbv» 
ibite, the county propofed, 1 think' ( 
can anfwer } and every other wojid 
tquaiiy obje^ to be m^adt an hailiouf 
for a den of ihievts, ready to ravage the 
country. — Such only can be eipt£led 
from it. 

A few queflions I could wifli to ha?e 
anfweted : 

I. How far the prefideot and vice- 
prefklents have authorized the ule of 
their namesi or pdtiooiled the pUn } 
J aik th'S particularly, as an cxpielfioa 
w^sul'ed, on being told that a name was 
%vic»ng fpciitd, that *• it does not fig- 
oify, being ufed o. ly as a decoy-duck,'' 
or words to that purpofe. 

II. 1 both f,tneral}y know, aad am 
gencr^i'ly known; yet not one of the no- 
111 in a- CiMtmrttee happens to be known 
to inc ! Who are ihcy ^ 

III. What fccurity have fubfcribers 
far tire application of ih^ir money, a^ ( 
know coniiderabic fums have been col- 

IV. ** The probationary houfe is al- 
ready built.'* Why is it not told wheic } 
We in town know ;' the count ry, pcr- 
h-<p«i, hi(d better be kept in the dnrk. 
Thcfl the pUn concludes vMtb vifiutary 




i4rit for rtifisK • capital-— Ai«»>t " Aifpe^ed may ad at • porter at tb« 
«ny aM,lik«biff4i) areukM with markett, at a coal-bearer, or at a Tea* 
*-'• vcBgeri and I do not fee any good ret- 

Mm it tbM kM itC aoinnal which Too whv ptr(oat, who bavt fDrleitcd 
.will MKliihaikro-pliilolbpbicHl pnnci^ their rank in, aad the confidciicr of. 
p(ni«odtbacprtBmrbro«i!h''fniw;«rd, foc'tety, frontd be raifed tbo«e fbo(c 
Cb«l«ai of ajBf .llkclf to eflahKih the who, by their hoAeft labour, have goc 
puflkr rf philofofihical theory; ia «hich th<>r own Itviag, aid done tb^^ duty ba 
.alMi OffgMMBC .fbf* raconoicoding Ube t^«t ftate of life to which it hat pleaM 
flU^ it wfittea t*« G6d to ciil theiii.{ and thut get aa ho- 

^ Yob may,jp»Hiatw» .iptft we tocon^ aeil livelibdod. Thuti theic «rould M> 
^mdm ^nnh 6mm% mytfM a misan* main little' or no real caalc far compUuiC 
*T«ROFlf T. I dataAvilia name, and, at cvea wUhout oflkiout uutrfereaee. 
fiv at- i»y bMibIa fiioatioa will ailowy ' Yourt, Sec. i, A. 

■Mf 40 at SMb good at aty neigh* ■■'■ * . 

^ho«rt if I r«f WMkm^ I otifht not be Mr. UtiAir, Jm9. %. - 

coaviAad of^botitag— uakaiown, I may T SHALL be much obti^ to any of 
gofofiyr} «veff I to fign myaame, the -'- 7<^ur genealogical correfipondeati, 
laft. lioat woild have been omiucd. wbowill have the good nefi to fill up itaa 
Good frequently arifea out of evil } the cbafmt in the following pedigree, or aa 
objcQioot OB a general plao may van* A, continue any part of itt braacbet. 
whim on a partial oft it may tend to , Sir ^y''' Wyche, created a baromc 
■i«ch food.. Let the in^tfutorconifiae *■; 'T^^t bad two font; Magaut, who 
.binklclf to the vicinity of the mciropolii; "^'^^^ ia 1740, and John, who d|ed aH 
Iw there may do, good. 1 would re« tnfaat. 'He had two daughter! atfoy 
commend fuch a plea alfo to « every Frederica," married to Mr. Holfiier, 
CMiBiy ffparatclys tbtt might alfo do counfcllorof (late to the Duke of Hoi* 
^oort . Ifeia | and Amelia, nnm«-ried 1741 1 m 

Weare.toomaay of ui apt to com- ^hichyearhewathitnfelfliviag. Wbcia 
^aie of the fcvency of peoAMawt 1 but ^^^ ^* ^'^^ * The tlite died with bim. 
u muA. be allowed, ihat the depraviry Another Sir Cyrifl Wyche, kat. of « 
of human ' nature requiret it. Tim it younger branch of rhe family, whomir* 
what we ought to lament, and endca- chafed Poyniog manor, co. -Nortolky 
vuur to amend. In a county, the cri- '^*^^ died- Dec. 29, 1707, had three 

niinal it known ; if falTe'.y accuTcd, he •'•vet : i. , daughter of Sir Tho. 

iv i'i»m<diately reftorcd a member of Jtrmvn, of *~-; 1. — , relidt of 
fociecy, and, if after having (uflfr red rhe St H-rrbert Peiroit, of Haroldone, cow 
pcoady of the Uw he becomes rcnfible Pembroke j 3. *— , daughter of — — 

of the tffor of hit ways ht bctoine* a Evelyn, o^ , Surrey, efq. 

Dew 'man, and is received into confi- Jtrmjfm Wyche, a fun by the firft 
deoce. To the haideued vilJain {botiid J^''«» married -.^— of -.— - j and hud 
fuch a door be opened; and few fuch }^^^'^ Cv*Ul Wyche, of Hockwold, efq. 
I fc^r would enter in. For a county, high-lhcniFof Norfolk 1719,* and t«vo 
c Mifcq^cntly, a Imali houfc would be dau^lre-s, 'Ctih«irine, married to the 
fufficicnt^ The faJIcly-accufcd would ^^^' K >bert Wright, rcftor of llorlinf»y 
out be afliamcd to luiiove the lufptcton ^'^* Njrfolk ; and Mary, to Kobeic 
by hi» g(H>d bch-fviour in a friendly re- Clough, of Fcttwell, in the fame coua< 
cepriicle, and thut obtain liie (aodion t^; «;! living in 1741. 
ot hk former friends, wincli, in the Thus much in the Btronetage of that 
varied fee ses of life I have experienced, year; and nothing more 10 that of 1771. 
1 never knew-withheld. A dclirc of completing the hiftory of 

Jo a to\yn like L(/»don there is va- ^ icfpc^.^ble family, and not an idle 

riety of wav^ of getting a livelihood, curiol'ity, is the motive of giving ihia 

ID which the honclU of a libourer is of trouble to Mr. Urbin's correi'pondents, 

-liiilc cjoUqsencCi^he hardened vil ^111 ^ ^**" *»^«^» ^y ^K Tucker, of <«a« nor to compiatn on being ooi gtd cl'^qumt pit^cht*," Mr. Henry Smith* 

to ifuomit to the riioU dci)M(c<l line; liic l"«»»«i»mc l.fiirtr rf St. Clement^, prc- 

— .- — fixed to his *' Sermons and other learned 

* TJiC pl:in doe* not even lU:e the Uadtion Tiealiies, 1675," concludes thus ; 

of (he conti ;butar'i, or any other aiUiuniv ^i c ^ rr. ' r t /• t . . 

!.„.,•..» n '. -w^ii.jr (( jjomc fifteen years fince I confulted the 

by which the col'cclor^ arc appointed Aip- <^/- ,; n ^ c -. r ir ^-^^ , ""^ ^'.'^ 

Jjy^ ^ ^ *- J^i-^ (i nican lucn as pa-.fctl for old man la 

'^^ ' 'hepiiiihoi bi. Ckiaeui Dant>}; but could 



%i Henry Smith, Leaunrmf St. Cfcmcnt^?— W. Crafhaw. [/an. 

recover very litifc of t'.icm cither o? the 
time or raanner of his deatM. f ivc t1;»t they 
couccivetl his difeafe was a <"onrunipt»on. 
1 pcnifcJ alfo the Church '^ ■ ^ifter, and 
fo*ind ir f'llent concerniM^ t c dat'e of his 
dcth ; for V !-ich His reafcm w-^ -.Uegcd, 
that, a link hefore his dcpir nr oa» o^ this 
Jife, he «kp.»rtcd ihc city, to l-avc «he bene- 
fit of ct)untry,.»ir. But, by ^ e xr'ctcftpro- 
poni n "f tim',. hii I'.e^th -lav he CMnie6\u* 
red to have been about tlic year i ^00.** 

.He was a natifc of VVithcock, m Lei* 
ceftcrihire; nnd nrarly related to the 
Smiths of Edmondthuipe and Hlifbands 
Bofwoith. As it is not improbable that 
ihe dale of his dcnth mipht he found id 
the Regifters of tns or ihofe parifhes ; 
petbaps the Hiftorian of that Cuunty, or 
fome of his frler.Js, tray arccriain the 
fa6), and favour us wiih his epitaph. 
Or if (as is prob^hle) Mr. SmiiliN de- 
pa'turc into the coontrv \v.>s f..r ihe bs- 
neiit of the air at a fmal crdi'Unic from 
h's flock at St Cic-n>ent'si ihfc arruiats 
and indmiricu's author o^ ** The Envi- 
rons of London*' may have \wt\ with 
him in the ccurfe of his rckarches. 

Much lii;hc has been thrown on the 
hifior) of Crafhaw by ihe enquiries in 
your iafl volume. As the name is not 
« very common one, peihapt the fol- 
lowing title- p^gc may help us to the 
name and profellion. of his father : 

"A Mittiinus to tlic Jubilee at Rome, or 
l:ie Rates of the Pope's Ci;ftomhoiife, lent 
to t' c Pope as a N«»v Year's Gift from 
EaRbnJ tliis Year of JubiWe 1625. And 
faithfully puhliOicd out of the okl I atin 
Copic, w ith Obfervatious upon the Romilh 
Text. "By AN illiam Crad^aw, P.atchclor of 
Divinity, and Pai'loc of U hitcchapcl — 
16Z5." 4'o. 

And, ntiiv vic are on the fubje^ of 
title-pak:es, tike one that is unnoticed 
both bv ihe learned re-p^iblifher of 
Ames, mm! rhe in'.lcfa»ipa->lc compiler 
of *' Bncrti T«p<.graphy :" 

" A vt.*/ uoiulcrrul and ftr;.n5e ^Tyraclc 
of Citnl fi.eutv^Uin Londoo at iUiy AVv, 
rpon a yoMog Mayde : ?.boiite the Age of a 
xi. Yeircs oldc : \VI:o hath bin i^lftired 
vrith V. leg o;\»- i.f DciiylU, liiefe il. Ycare>. 
The which Cliild doth yet ahyciy t-'c good 
PlcaUire of Almijh'ye Cod, h{ pyjiR to be 
deliuei'cd. Imprinted at London, without 
Neujaic, in S. Sepulcl-res Parrilh : by 
William Haitlct. 1574.*' 

Yours, &c. BlOGRAPHICUS. 

Mr. Urban. Gu^ f>r,\anJ.firut, 

HAVING been too haftily charged, 
ID your Magazine, by Mi ft Anna 


Sewi*rd,witYi want ofp^lifmrfst and even 
ttmm99jitfuf^ towards her, I was natu- 
rally anxious ro vindicate mvfelf, which 
laccordirgly did in November laft, by 
fhcMring, in the moft ^att$f^6lory man- 
ner, that I h<d been ca»eful to eaprrft 
myfe-f with due delicacy, when ob!i|/e(l 
to coTiefl an eKor in tti which (be h-xd 
been led, as to the true hiftory of f3r. 
Johnfon's writing the verfes on a Spri^ 
of Mvrtle. I refer to my ftatement, and 
triH) It, with confidence, to the candour 
of »ll who are capable of reafoning and 
judging of evidence. I, at the fame 
time, could not but difcover fome in« 
dignation at the malevolence with uhich 
that fair lady had prrfumed to attack 
the 4reatand good Dr. Johnson, whofe 
rhara^er was altogether unconnected 
w.:h the rnconfidcrabic matter in quef- 
tir»n. Whether he wrote ihofc beauti- 
ful vcrfcs for him'cif, or, for a fritnd, 
his merit as a poet mufl be the fame. 
The inveftigntion of their hifloiy waa 
jmpoitant onjy f(»r the fake of tiuth^and 
in f«)frncls to Hnother'lady, whom Mils 
Scwatd ha^l induced mc to contradid, 
on ground^ fufSclcnily probable, as I ad- 
muted m mv additional note. 

1 Hioqld Have thought th<tt theie was 
po orcafi.^n ti>r any moic wiiting upon 
the fuhjc^l ; but I am h)iiytoBnd thn 
our poetets h^s m^de a fccond att<ick,at 
grtat length, and in fuch lemper as mud 
bt ver^ uneafy to a gentle ixifom. She, 
indeed, has candour cnotrgh not to re- 
fume the charge from which 1 viudie^ted 
myfclf, and which was the caufe of my 
animadverting upon her at all. Bat flic 
thro.iv$ forth k-mc cenfure upon m^,and 
a gieat dc<t! upon V>r, fohnfon, of which, 
Sir, 1 leave you rind yc>ur readers todif- 
cem the motives. 

MiS S-w;,Td may be ifTurcd that Qie 
is as much mir..ikenas roiuc, as Oie cer- 
tain* y :s as to j)r. Johufon. 1 am not 
her^d^, ih»'>u^ii 1 (ornmittcti ro the flames 
tliofc (heetf of** joLftfonian l\a ratings,'* 
wi(h whiih 1 was favouicd by her, a- 
mong the atmrll ii:nun.crablc coinmuni- 
cnt >>>!>« which I obtained concerning the 
iilulirious (ubjc^.l T)f my gtcct biographi- 
cal wo.'k. I however h:il cxtra^ed 
from thofe (beets all that 1 couM poflTi- 
b'y confider to be authentic. Nay, fede- 
firous was 1 to give Mifs Seward every 
advantage, that after refuting rhtt imf^offi- 
bit legend of Johnfon's vcrlc^ on a 
Duck, whan he was but three years o!d^ 
to which, yir anu»man*s fia)t>n^ >k\^ Hill 
peitinaciouily adheres, I p:c(ci\ed the 
in^enioui reflections whicb ihc ur 1 ^- \ 

in my th-mghii. 1 hat Kna oi eonn.ei jvjifi S;«..d. Ii h. how^-er, jemark- 

il DO< »hal i «t(h to liave »>iti ladici i ^|,,,^ ,,„, .„ ,],; ,,„, ic^^ i,,he („|. 

»n<l ireillTmuft complain that my eW |o«.in?; p.'ff -e ; "If you prsifis omc 

/n«</(i(Die*ill(orgi«thetxprtllioD) ^..^j JoI.oIod, Mifi Se..drc1 will not 

Aouid repitfent tn« fo unlike mjfelf. [.v^ y„u ;" a prediflion, winch, alii I 

It » itrj haul, ihai Mi(» Sew-id's [ ^g,, i,(.|,i„ ,„ fe,,- is bu, ,1,0 true, if I 

inifeonceijiog a «-«!/ r«(or» for a „,,, 10 jidge (rnra lh« Qtaia 

fal(«m§tnnB Oioutd fubjca her lo (o and icn<>r ufhtr bH cpiflic. 

wiieful i deccplbn ai 10 imagine Dr. xiie dneflion -f lu confi^lewWe ji 

JohoIOB in in; degicc deficient in a fa- p,in .kc lh"u>(t m^k- Mifi Si.">ard not 

ered rtgaid for (r«l4. It i« not in my (o/ar/ ol rc^cl ei-hf . loDf.John- 

powttiomake ihe difiioflion p aintr fon'i Woiks.ot in .he records of h'l bl- 

lii^D 1 liaie made it In my former Iclter. a^,Ap|ieii, -'an. 

TlK lady quote* as genuine, 3 faica.m, "liicii U. 

of Dt.Johnl..n 00 loidChcn^rheld, m ^A fiandir, »n 

ihoUwordi: "Heiiawitjm.--"'-" " . . -^ 

. heard tcpeaied tif Bfnbtrt. 
a ptoof of lilt juftice o( tne hie 


Tr;i»rcprefe(H3iionof]ohnlon's poinied tctn mn cf the mc ft exemi- 

(,Vi"B I* 1-" i""' unmeaning indeed, un.vti'.lly kno«n ; but 

Wtiai he did liy i.*ecoid<.d p. J3N, „, vtr ufe.ed fuch a f.n.c 

lot. 1 of my book, which Mil. Sc-diJ St.vsirt i.ipuie* to hit,. 

haodfi.mclyfc and I believe liuteiely, \^t^-, doomed 10 ptipnu 

ftjilei "ioleieflingmemoirt 1" the meniiont ■ leiiitn« .j 

u Thit man 1 ihousbt had been a lord annnvmouscorref^iordejii, 

niK>i>gKilS)but 1 fiiidlieilonlyawitanionE i>'iir"U-/si>, wmcli (he, ivu 

jinjs," n*ble eile, callt impmai ; wl 

ji woulil therefore be better if M, ft thai adJtiiablc (cntcnce i 
GeriT. Mag. Jantarf, i-,^\. 

34 Mf. Boftreliy R$iij u Mifi Sewai^i Stand A^a€^. [Jan . 

from Waiborteo, and wtt i^ writciui 
by Warbunon, but by t mofl fltili«* 
gniibed aurbornow alivt. Let me aik, 
■Ifo, if it be/tfir in Mifi Sewttd to quote 
the pair^ee whicb I have quoted (v. 111. 
P S47') »r<>"^ bifljop Newton, unfavour- 
able to Dr. Johofon, and leave out the 
apology tvhich I have made for that pre- 
late, namely, «* the difguft and peevifli- 
ntfs of old age ;" as alfo the penctal lod 
pernnaneot opinion which bifliop New- 
ton tnicrtaincd of Dr.Johnfon.ofwhom 
be fays, in iht fimt fsjmgt, that •* he 
fcfpeQed him not only for his genius 
and learning, but valued him much 
more •* for the more amiable pattof his 
chara^cr, his humanity and charity, 
bis morality and religion." 

Mifs Seward ^r#*i»i that I have <' in- 
(inuated imniy ^nA /elfi/h pnjuditi againft 
her" in my defenfive letter j for this, 
after reading it over again and again. I 
eannot perceive the Imallcft found/ition. 
She may make heifelf quite eafy upon 
that head; for I do not even fufpcA that 
my fair aotagonift, " hei(el{ all the 
Nine V envies any human being. 

Neither am 1 at all confcious of «* he- 
roical attempts to injwi a defenccleft 
female," (meaning herfelf) with which 
fhe charges me. *• HflW emnfiihou^ /fiw- 
ly fiancj, /Aw truiily^ f**U it an hjitry 
to mention in civil terms that flie bat 
been mir-iMftrmid as to a fa6t ? Is it 
an injury to reprehend with generous 
%varmth her malevolent attacks on ** my 
Would that ihe were ^eocelefs I di- 
fcncelefs ibe is not ; as ihe now avers 
that ibe can, at pleafure, put on the 
mafculine attire, and lay about her as a 

fecond Drawcanlir, armed lap a pied p«fevere. 
in the mailed cbara6ler of S/*volio. 
6be modeftly wiflies that htr /I rt^unsp 
under that iignatiire, ibould .be *' re- 
curred tOy and coafidcrcd w///." She 
may rcA faci^fied that they bsw been 
WiU and irmfy tried, and that the ver- 
d«a of hf/gatvt iUti^turg will ncTerbe 
ice afide. I wonder at bcr feeming to 
glory in fuch cflfufions* 

And now ro put an end to all future 
difpuiation on the mighty points of the 
^mck and the Mjrtle^ which have been 
the caufes of ibis tuar, 

** .— this tumult in a vaA^I^ vcim^," 

bccani^, from iaierfiml CTidence it it 
mpttfhti they ibould, without a miraeki 
aad becauie^ from entirnml evidence, it 
appears that bis mother, and Mrs. Lucy 
Porter, did not i* invent a falfthood," 
when they creduloufly told he had made 
them, fo that their veraciryis not quef- 
tinned} his mother heard fo from his 
father, and Mrs. Lucy Porter from bis 
mother. The refutation does nor reft 
on Johnfon's recollc^ion of his child- 
hood ; but on his ttlhng me, in Mrs. 
Lucy Porter's pre fence, that his father 
had owned to him that he had made 
them, aifd wilhed fo pafs tl^pm for his 
fon's. . 

The verfes on a Sprg of Myrtle, 
though, perhaps, afternamrdi prefented 
to Mrs. Lucv Porter, wcie origmally 
written for a friend \ becaufe Dr. John- 
fon himfelf mention* •! the fa^, both to 
Ms Thrale, and to Mi. NichoU, pnn- 
tei of the Gentieniao'fr Magazine, both 
of whom have atrcfted it ; and becauie 
M». Hefior of Birmingham, Dr. Juhn- 
fon*s fchoolfeliow and intmate friend 
through life, has attefled that he was 
the perfon at ukofe requeft thev neie 
wiitten. That worthy gentleman, firft 
fpcintaneoufly wrote to me oti the fub» 
je^ \ and, (eting me unavoidably diawn 
into this aukward and unpleafant fquab- 
ble with Mifs Anna Seward, has again 
fpontaneouAy favoured me with a letter, 
which I (hail hereinlerL 

To Jambs Bosw^ll, Efq. 
" Dear Sir, 
" I am forry to foe youengagpd in alter- 
cation with a lady, who feems Unwilling to 
be convince«l of her erntrs. Surely it wuuki 
be more ingenuous ta acknowledge than to 

Lately, in looking over f4>me papers I 
meanr to bum, 1 found the original maru- 
fcrlpt, with the date on it [1731^] which I 
have eiKlofed. 

•* Tbetrue hiftoty( which I could fwcar to) 
is as follows. Mr. Morgan Graves, the el- 
der bro bcr of a wcrthy clergyman near 
Batb, with whom I was acquainted, waited 
apon a lady in this neighbourhood, who, at 
parting, prefented him the bianch. He 
iheweJ it me, and wifhed nnuch to return 
the compliment in vei it. I applied toJohn« 
K^^n^ who was with me, and in about hilf an 
h' ur ilit^eU tbe verfcs which I fent to my 

1 moft iblemn*y declare, at that time 
The verles on a Duck , faid to be com* Johnfon was an entire ilran<;er to the Porur 

p«>fied by Johofon when ht was only 

three Tears old, were cot made by hiui, 

^^^^^_^___^__^_ ' . . - ■ ■ ... — 

* See a flinrc Dialo§\ie in verfe between 
her and Mr. Hayley. 1 

f Mm ly i and it was almoft two years after 
that I introduced him to the :tcquaintaiKe cf 
Porter, whom I bought my cloaths of. 

'' If you intend to convince this obftinate 
wom.'ui, «iod to exhibit to the public the 


"tj 1 ,. • • • ■ 

1794.] thdk^YoA Hiht Lord M:i]ror.— £#i^ W. M. Montague. 3$^ 

ndi of TtiOT aamiivet yon tnt it UlNrtjr 

" 1 bop* fOD will pMioo torn for taking 
0^ io nach (4 foar cm. Wifliirg ^r^Hi 

Cooflaiic Retder woofd bt noch oM - 

gcd to yoarfeify or aay out of your du« 

rocrotit eorrefpondeotfi if they would 

remoTe bit doubci; aad iBforfn him 

^1^ 1 ^w«« j--^ .. z^ It ^^^^r or not tboTe letters, which ar* 

^^i^ *?^- \ ft»M <!*fcr»»>»"yfetf imblilhtd uvder Udy M. W. Moota^ 

Yi«reMfid&Bmblefenr»t, ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^,^ wriwca by herj or 

whether (at the autboreft abot e quoted 
affirmt) tbcjr ere oaty impofed 09 tbo 
pub;ick ae Lady M. W. M— — *• pro- 
dudioB. A CONSTANT Reader. 

991794. (.Uaciaa." 

May I aot mom flatter m^ ft If » Mr. 
Urbas« that I fliallMK have the trouble 
of my farther altercattoo with Mifs Sc* 
ward 7 l^tt the ikwk ba changed into a 
/w , aad iha Jfyrllr iatw an Olive, 
Inflead of tailiBf»Iet as have the f'mg. 
Iniead of waft let ns have peace. I beg 

Mr. UxBAH, Jmi. tj. 

THE requeft of your eorfefjpoadenr, 
vol. LXIII. p. 1108, I ibould ba 

goaift's fertile fancy Hat men and m ^ |h<>rt and plain' InaruaioB for tha 
thinga fooogh to employ iifel/ upon, "better uoderflanding of the Lord't Sup- 

nthout vainly afpiring to be the jud^e 
of JOHHtoa. She will perm*t ine, in 
perteA good humour, to call lo her re* 
coifed loa a vcrfe in very ancient pocfj : 
'**! do 0ot exerctfe myfelf in great mat* 
tcrsy which are too high forme." 

Toun, &C. Jambs Boswbi.l. 

UtUrfrmm his': ^V^ Higbtiffiiht DUKB 
rfYo%%Hm Lo&D Matok. 

«< My iMdt OhfU J^' io» 1794- 
** T JAviaf been informed that leveral 

Xa packages of wiaif r daathtng have 
been feat by the city of-London. for tha 
ufe of the Briiilh ibidiers in Flandeit, I 
rcturi^ your lordihip and the fubfcribers 
to this liberal prcfentmy fincereihaokt. 

** i believe there never were troopi 
more defervingof the humane acientioa 
and gencrofuy of their country, than 
thofe 1 htve had the good fortune to 
command duiiog the late very long and 
fcvere campaign. They have borne 
their fatigues %\ith patience, perfeve* 
rancc, and courage ; and I am perfuaded 
they will continue to ad in the fame 
glorious manner, as long at we arc en- 
gaged in the defence of our conflicutioo, 
oar lAWi,our liberty, and our exiAcnce. 
" I am, my lord, &c. &c. 

Mr. Urban, Jtm. 3. 

IN the s8th Letter (p. 105) of Lady 
Craveo'» TrateU through the Cri- 
aiea, 1 have often remarked this pafTage t 

** Whoever wilt L. M 's Letters (for 

&e lteri«it never wrote a line of theui) m:f- 
lefkrefents things moft tenibly." 

By L. M— , 1 foppofe, is unctouht- 
•dij meant Lady Msry Wortlev ^loo- 
tigue, and, under thit fuppolAnen, a 

per, with the necclFary Preparation/ 
by that great, good, and worthv divintf 
the late Blhop of Sodor and Man. • 

I am now advanced in yaart; and mf 
IHe^ like others, b«s beco checketai 
with many troubles, aad OMoy joys asd 
btefOagS I but the chief and grcatcft of 
all Iff, that I was bora of good aad pfoaa 

Krtats (the delceadaati of Frnicli ft- 
gees> who by Lewis the XlVth wtra 
drivea from thwr mU with tea childrta) | 
yet Provifdea'ce fo bleflcd thcas. due wt 
were brought up gcBUtlly» and Isvaa of 
us olaccd, with uaall fortunes, ia re- 
fpc&able (itoatioos. Our good mother 
died at 73 I our worthy father at 96^ 
who had rcriicd from bufinefs betwecB 
fnrty and fifiy yeafs. Though we ia- 
henud but fmall pecuniaiy fortunes 
fiom our parents^ yet we all of ut inhe* 
rited the greatcft of all fortunes and 
blelTiDgf, a virtuous education, with 
pioui and good examples 1 and mod, if 
not all, were openly catechifed in the 
church I and early, about 16 years of 
age, prepared for the receiving the fa* 
crament, being previouily esamincd by 
the mioincr of our pariih X and i may 
venture to fay, that (ix of us never after 
failed being conAant attendants on that 
moA divine and comfortable inftitutioa ^ 
the fevenih going abroad, I cannot an « 
fwer for. And, though I have expert* 
enced many joys, yet 1 never partook oi 
SLtij equal to tlsi of eating bread ai - 
drinking wine in remembrance of m, 
bltlTcd Saviour luffering for me and my 
wictched fellow-creatures, in obedience 
liis expiefs command, " Do this in 


remembrance of me." And I do de- 
clare Iblemnly, that I am, and have ever 
btea, iroic (huikkful i^ m^ ^i«VkX\\o« 


36 Great C$mfort of ihi Sacrament. — A New Tear^s Gift. [Jan. 

their care and kiDdnefs in giving me a only to he properly explair.ed upon fny 
pious education, and having brought fy^era of air; fur, I fball make ic ap* 

me iarly in life to a participation of the 
holy facrament, than for all their other 
p^^elnal cares. I wiflj I \*ere niOre ca- 
pable of cxprefTing my joy and grati- 
tude to my heavenly p.irent as well as 
to my earthly ones; and 1 fhould l>e 
glad to have my thoughts en'ar*,ed on, 
and more fuitably for public infpe^^icn. 
I am, and have ever been, a conrtant 
leader, and fometimes correfpondcrt 
under the fignature of Hl'Manus. 

A Ntw Tear's Gift to Dr. Prie«TLFY, 
OH tke SmbjeSt of the Gtnerattott of Air 
frotH Waur, 

Mr. Urban, Carhfii^ Jan, i. 

ON the i6;h of November laft, Dr. 
Pr'cftlcy, aft'T long filence, ImiU 
yen:ured to puhi.fh a dnall pamphlet, 
intituled, " Experiments on the Gent ra- 
tion of Air from," &c. I need 
not inform* you, Sir, that the fubje*1 is 
of tlie grcatcft confcqocrce in the pr^- 
fent enfiairifs vihich a-^e txcrcifing the 
jvgcnuitv of the chem cal philofophcrs 
both in this country and on the Conti- 
nent; nor do I believe ic nccefT.iry to 
add, that ic is a fubjcft concerning 
which I am myfclf very dccpU inr'trclUu. 
1 truft, therefore, that vcu wiM do me 
the favour to give the fdlowini; (ibfir- 
v;iiions on this audacious pnmph'ct. for 
fuch I do not hcfitate to call it, an im- 
mcdia'c inferti n in your ufcful and tx- 
tenfivcly-circularing Magazine. 

Our aerijil philosophers in genera] hare 
been very filtnl latciy on thr fubje^.s .f 
air and w?.t:r; hu: tlic Dof^or, »pcre 
bold the reft, hath wi^.iin ventured 
into the Held* f expetimciiii wliich 1 l>cg 
leave to cximine. 

The firft pr.rc of his pampMct con (3 (Is 
ih the rc-pub!icat'on of •* £xptr;mtnTS 
iclanng 'o \\\c Decompofiilon of «lcphlo- 
gifticattd and inflammtbli Air," Irom 
the Philofophical Tranfaftions of 179 1. 
The Do^or complains, that, ahhc -.^h 
the French chemilis have bad tittfe ex- 
periments before them two years, and 
notwithftanding they are unfavourai>l<: to 
the new theoiy, they have not yet been 
answered by tiicm, although he hath ap- 
plied to tiicm for this purpofe. The 
Do6lor, however, our;ht not to attribute 
their fi'encc entirely to the unanfwerable 
nature of Ijis paper, fince ic contains no- 
thing which / had not myfeif for (on.e 
years anticipated. The experiments coa- 
tained ia uac paper are good ones, and 

pear, that the Do^^oi's reafoning and 
nis theories, drawn froni rlufcveiv ex- 
periments, are abfuid. If the (i enre, 
therefore, of the foreijjn tlieniiU h*th 
not bicn o-c^fioned bv inv former publi- 
cations upon tiiis interei'ling fuhjc^^, I 
muft beg leave towhifVci in the D.»6tor*s 
ear, that it m.iy, with full a*^ much pro- 
p ictv, be attributed to the unanfwcr- 
able nature of a Trcatilc on Air, which 
I alfo published in the nan*.- of Btwirv, 
and whi h th -v Mktwifc have 1,^(1 bcfuic 
them rather more t\\Ao k^o yta s. 

Bur, on the jrefcnt fui>j'£t of f^imin^r 
air from watjr. Dr. PnclUcy confidera* 
biy outftfivlcj all his f. rnr^'.r theories 1 
indeed, when I corfn-c 'he kind of fo- 
cierv (the /if^r) to \^\^:i^ \,'\s pamphltt 
is d^dicared, I cannot help (uppolmjk; t}»<>c 
he has caught fome de<;icc 4,>f that influ- 
ence vvnich ihc Moon may very naruraliy 
bt cxpe^ed to co.;);iiUi'.)ca:e. So far 
from adhering to the (oiid reafoning of 
phh'ofophv, his prcfcnt aerjaf flight can 
indeed only V>e adapted tu the 'lunar at- 
mofphcre. I do not even now heliere 
that the D 6^or is in eAine'l ; for, 1 can 
hardly fuppofc iha: a man who has lo;.g 
been in the habit pf nh]hvh)|^^,hii':ng, ard 
who is at all acquainicd vvtth ti^e ru(ii« 
mcots of clumidry, can ferioufly ad* 
vance t!)e doflrines which this curious 
little pamphlet contains. 1 here ven;u:s 
publicly t») air;:rt, ihar they arc at diiei5t 
enmity to common fenfe. Sometimes I 
am inclined to think, a' vou Iiavc <!onc, 
Mr. Urb>n, upon a fiirm^r occaCori, 
that the Depot's oJ»jc^ i»> to ohfcurc and 
perplex : he fiibjc 5^ ; he finds the wbo'c 
of his them C/tl theories to bt erroncou*, 
and cannot l)iar to h:\vc the fuhj-ft pro- 
perly elucidated. This was oourv.lrls 
the cafe in his manner oF explaining the 
rcfpiration of atiimals. At firrt, he p'u- 
med himfe'.f upon an imaginary dtico- 
vcry that the office of the atmofphcrc 
was thzz of rictiv'M 7 pliloeifton from the 
blood. No fooncr ums tie convinced of 
the abfurdity of this opinion, titan he 
produced fome very finunur exntrimcnts 
to (liew that the bufiueCs of the acmo- 
fphere, in the procefi of rtfpiration, is 
that of C(>mmunica:ing P^fe, or, as it 
hath been prepofleioufly callc(', tlcphlo- 
gidicated air to the blood. Tlie ablur- 
dity of this concluiion, and ihc experi- 
ments by which it hath been mdintained, 
I have alfo pointed out in my Tieatile 
on Air. The experiments of the prefenc 


gout lo ■ DCUtril fiUj fo complciclj Bi'riflioB for fin (tuiD any other bodiet, 

Vniicil by chemical iiu-aQion, ihii D:i- ciihcr io the line which chciriint c»» 

(her tie 5r< nr>r ihc icicl will p'idomi- phlogiftun, or alkiline filii, Iwih of 

Bale. It.miy L« colli paicd to nitre, ihe which oicy tw ctlicd the fixed Qjtt of fire, 

file bcinp fixrdi ind refcmb iog moie in Ant), a^rcfabJe to ih< dltfcrcnt minnit 

alkaline fituritjon than a jihloglllic one, in which Di. Pileltliy condufls tfie pro. 

fuch » inflimintlite lir. Nitie may til ccfi, tlic acid will rcceite tSilTcMnt im- 

bc filmed into an Aititicii] puic lir, but pregoaiiont of lire. Soraetinif, with ■ 

|l ii a ftrDDgcr one than the puic air of larger iinprignaiipn of Ate, it will be 

NalttrE, ihe acid andilkatiof uhich it puceairi at othm, with a Icfi intprct;- - 

ii ci^mpbfeil Uiog b(:th cuEfideribi]? nHTon, it will be impure, or whit Dr. 

flrorg^r. TI.e [ffice of ihe wiUr 1 liat'e Piienicy (try errdic^uilr calJs phlnK'l- 

loae laui-iht to (x ihiE ef foril>ing ■ bifii ticiled. And nil iliii will be oIiUik 

to ibe air, il.e fimc at ii itoet in the fium ihe (lighten aiiintion to ihde ex- 

dir]llilii!a'ion of (alts, and ihil ihit ii pc rune nil ; fui, wIk.i he pillcd ilit la- 

llic cafe in the tornaticiD of all ihe difTc - pour thiuugli iti carlhcn tubei, and biu 

itDl kind} ill air, water being their ba- of ewilien wait, in iirtler lo incieife the 

fit. pLihgpv fi^me cf youi lead.t;, Mr. ,Uat, <he >ir wa> puie i but, with a Ids 

Ijiban, iiiiy conru^i-r thii at an opitiiun hciled Tjpoui, - impure. But, it the 

dI Dr. Piielilni hut it k an opinion of wiuc wcie tunned of iinpuie and pure 

JJoa'oti:'\ loiig'afier J hart fot«d It upon the' f-nic ,,.^.,'<>ni,.n ot e«ch, in>l not" in 

tjls fa-oifilf to iliE Jdipcijpni'.y I'f the teiy itnputt, a^i- A> Uii ur ii genera* 

jS A tJhif YtMr^s Gift to Dr. Prirftlef. [Jan. 

ted, the witer regularly depofits an earth, have alway?: been aniioot to draw my 
Therefore* agreeable to his reafobio^t ar^umentv'from their own experimentt^ 
water confifts of pure and impure airs and (ball therefore nouv particularly meo- 
tnd an earth. It is known Co every che. tion thofe of Sir Btniannin Thorn p'on in 
mift that water contaiDS an earth, and the 77tb volume cf the Philofophical 
tbat it will not diiToUe earth without the Traofafbioos. Sir Benjamin produced« 
aid of An acid. Mr* Caveadiih found, by the rays ci the Sun a6^ing upon 
rChat water, impregnated with the aSrial fpring- water, one-aghtb of itc bulk of 
ictdy or fixed air, would diflblve tlie the pureft air; while Dr. Prieniey, in 
calcareous eanhs—Mr. 'Lane, that it his prefent experimenti by vapour, pro^ 
would even folate iront therefore, in duces only i-ioth or t-30tii, and that 
thefe experiments of Dr« Priefllcy, the not of the pureft kind. In Sir Bcnjtmia 
atrial acid which the water contained at- Thompfon's produ6^ion of air the pro- 
trailed fire and water firom the ?apour» cefs continue J '* day af^er day, nay week 
ibrmiog pure and impure air^ and the after week/' the water regularly im* 
earth was precipitated. All which pr. parting air for upwards of tltirty days to* 
Prteftley may fee in my late experiments t gcther. But Dr. Priefticy's continued 
which ought to ka?e fated him the crou- only fur a few hours in one day. And I 
ble of obtrudinethis piefumptuoot pttb- can inform Dr. Prieftley, that, from a 
lication upon the world. given quantity of water, he (hall not be 
The ufual procefs, by which this union able to produce fo large a <|uantity of air, 
hath been hitherto condu£led, hath been nor fo pure, by his proce^, as by that of 
by expofiog water to the rays, or fire, of Sir Benjamin Thompfou's. But I (halt 
the fun, which, ading regularly and go a little fanher, and inform him, that, 
ilowlyt produces, after a lung proceft,^ when all the extraneous bodies, fuch as 
what may be more immediately cifefled air, acids, earths, &c. are taken from 
by the more adi?e ftate of vapour; hut water, he will not i>e able to procure a 
tbe Sun geaeratei a puier air, which I iinglc particle of real prrmaocnt air; be 
ha?e regularly fliewa in my former pub- may indeed procure a bubble, bat, like 
lications. And likewife in formipg pure the red of his aerial theories, it will be 
air either from nitre, the calx flJT mer* merely a bubble. 
cury, or any other body of a fimilar na- Dr. Prieftky, in his former publica- 
ture, if the fire occeflary to produce the tions,. talks of his wonderful element 
air is applied by a lens a£liag upon the phlogifton being the caufe of bodies ta- 
fire of the Suo^ a greater proportion and king on an aerial form, but now he 
purer air is produced; but, in all thefe adopts a different language, and we be- 
proceflfcs of producing air from water, gin to hear oi fne or fixtd fire being 
there is a depofit of an earth which the the caufe. I begin to think, Mr. Ur« 
acids had previoufly held in folution : ban, that you will not have been very 
and fo retentively is the acid and the far wron^; in your predictions; I even 
earth lield in folution, that tliey are not flatter ni>relf that the Do£lor will foon 
to be entirely precipitated from the water adopt the wh -le of my theory of the 
bv repeated diflillations. I have found compofition of puie air. But, perhaps, 
the acUon of a hot fun to be the moll he may contrive the matter \o well as to 
powerful proeefs} but it requires, as Dr. give it the appearance of refulting from 
Pritftley affirms in thefe %u9mdtrjul dif- his own fagacity. The Do6br is well 
t9Vtrii%i "day after day, nay week after known to be adroit in th: an of experi- 
week," for the acid to get fully fatorated menting; and, by a lirt'e of the 09eus 
with the rays (b at to be formed entirely ^orifi of experiment, out it comis a won* 
into pure air, and the earth which the dektul di/covery. 
acid held in folution to fall. Common Dr. PrieflUy continues to amufe the 
foap will precipitate the'eanh by uniting {niblick by talking of vegetables purify<*' 
with the acid contabed in the water, ing the air in water when it i& expofed 
And when all the earth is precipitated, to the Sun, and that this is ctfe£^ed by 
and all the air expelled, wiih which w^- the vegetables attracting the phlogifton 
tcr is always faturated when expbfed to fiom the impure air. But, fince Sir 
the atmofphere. Dr. Piietllty will find it Benjamin Thompfon produced a quan- 
to produce no more air, not even by his tity of the purefl air in his procefs, equal 
-powerful procelt of converting it into to an eighth of tbe water, how can the 
vapour. Dodor lay fo much Hrefs upon getting 
In combating thefe extraordinary d#c- i-xoth or i-joth only by bis own pro- 
trinct of our modem airwi ckimiftt^ I ccU wiiii vapour t Our philofophert 


lb« ptoccT* of diltillaiioD ? iaieitid " > 

Bvt, if Dr. Priclltcy will condcfctnd - Tbcfe, Sir, arc focne of the nisy n- 

to lifitn to tbc truth, whta olfcriil by pcrimcnti of our modern pbiloEopben to 

■■other, I will icll it him. In boih the w)iich 1 fiB ready to appeal ti MoEnn- 

■iMvcmentioiicd pruceflci, ihe une 1>y itif; the tiutli of n>y ibeory, that pnie air 

vapour, and the other by ihc rayi ot ilie confilli o( lire, wuer, anH an loit, an- 

Uta, the tSt& h produced, aad (he air inlizid together. And I fliflcr myidt, 

geaeraied, by the fire uniTJog with ili< Mr. Urbin, that, when the truth it 

isuaocoui bwlici ilrudy named which known and admii:ed, which, foonBr or 

the wiier conliiai. . In ihc proccfs by hier, it Diufl lod thalt be, in Tpiu of 

tfa« rayi nf rhe Sun applied lo waur, the eieiy obdicle, ii will QrikiuBlf appear,- 

JciTC- of rrgctililei, and [he ffitta in\- to ufe a fimik uf Dr. PrielVlty'i, bow 

Milcitli, only aS (ai I h^fc fully Diewo very widely our modcra chcnifli, i» 

i* my EITay oti FiMd.Fice, jult publilh* iheir atrial voyagei, bafc ftecred from 

td) by aflilliag the wiei's acidt la ai< il>e impoitiDt diicotety. 1 uxik ay d»* 

iitB'ing ilic nieof the fun. piituic fiam tlie lame port) but, fuliDg 

To p'O" wliitb, take tbc purcfl d (- in an appufite dtrtfiion, long fioca difco- 

li:lcd /DOW water, and Ut it imbibe ci< lered th: wiOied-fnr land— the tud of 

titer a foiall quaHiiiy uf impure sir, or Tiuth. My Timple irutht, how«*«r, 

•f Ezcd air, the aiiiial mephitie Hcirl, ind bite been loll and aierwhclm^d hj a 

then eipofc ihii diDilled wa;cr, thut <ni- pompout parade of eipcriinaiii aM great 

ntnatMli to tlic nv* of the tuo. Altw oiiDei; but, »uigas trn et mritatit tf. 


46 (^uittotine.^^FamtRit 9f tht ClirgJ, — M§nttmintal hfcriptlons. [Jin, 

prge'vaUhit, Time wtll tear away the that a lift of cbem may be preferved in 

teil, and Truth (ball triumph at liO. your viluable Magazine. 1 ibould be 

RoBIHT Harrington, yery glad to fee fome (horc account of 

(To ^# €OHtb$uid.) its various chanties for poor clergymen^ 

<^* Wi bavi btiH feevourid nntih mm or their widows and oi phan^. 

Addrifi to thi Lunar Society of i(^. The chanty at Bromley, id ECenr, 

BiRMlNOHAU ontbtfamiSubjeQ, from for clergyman's widows ? 

ibt auibor of tb^ Medical Specta- ^. 'The late Mr. BreAAct'^ charity 

TOR} ivbrcb tbi griat timgtb of Dr. for poor cler(;ymi;n ? 

Harrington's Commumkmtiom batb obligtd Slji, Mr. Stock's charity ? 

yi to dfjtr till mmotbir Qfportunily, Tbe a^. Bp. Crc«\'s chain y for the "hun* 

Jddrffi bears t be foUo^mngfimgmUirmoitos: dred of Spirkenhoe, m Lctctnerfliiie > 

Mieat inter omnes ^- M«"** P)Cunibe\ cUaiuy lor aug- 

Georgium fidos — velut iiiter ignes menting Iniali i 

Luna mtnores. Horace. i^. Di. Bulby's charity? 

When, lo! Some of yoor corn f pond en ts will be 

A violent crofs-wind from either coaft able to anfwer thcic queries, ^n<l in (o 

Blows him tranfverfe ten tboufaml lent^nes doing oblige many. ClilRICus. 

Into the devious air. [iwry — ■■-— — 

Mr. Urban, Jan, 14. 

IkyfUCH has been faid about the origin 
^^ ofr the deteftable Gnilloiint ; and 
the Maiden of Scotland and of Halif-iz 
has been mentioned as a proof th-it the 
French favagea are not eotulcd to the 
honour, whatever that may be, of in- 
Tenting this odious engine: but 1 think 
it hat not yet been obferved, that there 
is t fmall print, engraved in 1553 by 
Henry Aldegrever, reprefenting the fon 
of Manlius executed by command of 
his father for fighting w^hout orders ; 
in which print the gallant offender is 
drawn fubmitting his neck to the (Iroke 
of an axe, fufpended by an apparatus 
extremely (imiiar to that which is now 
made the inftrumencofGdllic barbarity. 
Aldegrever was one of thtffe old Oer- 
nian'artids, who, from the dimenfions 
of their prod unions, not from a defeA 
of merit (for they poflelTed a gte;it deal 
of a certain kind), are ufually denomi- 
nated /////# mafitrs. Some authors have 
by miftake called htm Albert^ and writ- 
ten his furname Aldtr^raft, -See hii ar- 
ticle in Strutt's Biographical Di£)ion»ry 
of Engravers. IR. )p. ' 

Afr. Urban, Jan, iz. 

YOUR account of the chaitry in Suf- 
folk, for the relief of cicfgymen's 
families, &c. was very acceptable, aitd 
may be of ufe in promoting others of the 
like nature ; foctetics of the f*me k nd 
are already eftabhfhedin many di>>cefcs, 
hot few, 1 believe, have the advantage 
of being incorporated. 

; Allow mc to requeft your concfpon- 
deott to point out where thefc friendly 
clciical focieties are now cAablilLed, 

Mifcellanioui Monumrutal Infttiptions. 
i.Oa an altar tomb on ih^b. £. fide of 
the church, and near^thc laiik, at //m* 
dout Middlefcx. 

** In hoc tiirnulo condi^x funi reliquiae 
JosEPHi AvLoF^E, armigeii, 
hotiOiatiilimi lu'fpicii Grajeuiis 

ij'.ijK-r locii ; 
qui jm isconluliii.s fiilelis ct honeflu*^ 
vir m urom re nraCuriu peritus, 
et baud minus infigms proa.npre fuo 
erga pr;ucipem qu^m pietate erga Dcum 


Obiit undecimo die Julii, anno Dom. 


aetatis fux fexagefnno tcrtio. 
Jofra etiatn fitus t% 
JoSEPHus AvLoFFft.urmiger, 
Dom. Jofephi Aylolfe^, barunetti, 

Alius uni(u<. 
Obi ;t x IX die Decern br if, mdcclvi, 
aetaiis fuse xxi." 

In the burial ground of .,9/. Gtorgg 
tbi Martyr t Q^ecn-Squa e : 

2. On an head flone^rii cc taken down. 

«* Hcic lyctli llic bo%\y of 


of Gray's Inn, iinJ of il e lutchy Office, 
63 years, who died DcLcniber 24, 1723, 
in the 96th yc.r of his age. * 

3. On no ri>iar tomb. 

** Here lies t'.c hoily of 
M)i!i- Maky Sv^ch v.\ «■ r ll, 
Ipuif^cr, il..ugh'trr of 


1*1 the couiity < f Nuiiin^hnm, cfq. 
and Am M his wife, who d«;p<irted 
this life on the izih of July T7339 
in the 28th year of Iter age.'* 

4. On an a!tar tomb. 

** Here are depofiti'd 

* Sir J- fisph Aylijffe, h.iiL died igfh Apt il 
1781, X'. 7i,b'iried ai Hendoii. (LXI. (95 ) 


irdear.loafrknJl. AbdallACbioefe Hiftor^-, ijiT. men- 

t,Iottrti.uJirn/orJ,H*at§. tio„, wooden iiblcw engraven to print 

» Ltninf, bdot'd, iniUrclatioiutnie, mtke pag^i. Trigtult aflerci, lli^t ib» 

Expn'diitfaUieiibntfubdu'd by few: Chintfe priAifed I lie art of priniin); fir* 

Eoder, rtlket ; wd ccpr. if you cin, ccnturita betoie hit time. Couni Terra 

TbtlbculviniiaofthuliaieftmaD." Rtzionko found at Lyoni pUte» with 

9. From Si. fiAmai^i church-yaid, wurdi ind Dimei ciien*eD by 1 Nuretn- 

SaLJhay, oa RiCkakd Rook, who better, 1380. TheChinerewayofftaiDp* 

died lOlb April 1779, tged 14. inp 3 whak- page wlih one Cjiirc biMit, 

"Wbeft^Mirdionccl'f innnplhallfuuiul, CoOar ufed m Harlem, about tl>c jeu 

Andfoibaodbodietjniiii 14)0. He U fed Tingle ly pes of Uood bc- 

WhMcrcndiwiUwiAi(i«>liT«s below foie the year i440i wbtn ihefe chiiac- 

Bad been ai,/hrl u Ihine I Kn were fpiriicd luay to Mcdiz, cither 

■■ ' ■ diteQIv or by tttgiee>'j prob.iliU by the 

Mr.UKBAH, - Jan. 1. dder Gtnfleirih ( who. with hii brother 

THE Lauitir'a Ode fsr the lafl year John Gaicnbtrg, cut nKullioe types ud- 

of George the Second conclud'ed dcr the pilronafre of Jnha Fiufl, wliofc 

VMh tfae followinfcinici:' fon in ]»* Schtffer called type*. Cof. 

" May yean, ibd bappy years, roll o'er, tjr'i i^i lull known impriffioflt w:rc a 

n ill glarj dufe the Ihmliig page ( bo'ik (if eighi p«K<s. cuntaining, an Al^ 

And 4WI ilt-taod foraJeplme plithrl : ihe Lord's Privtri and three 

rUJtvliJiifiiNifiir'i age." oihtr Priytri, ■ liitle Catholuon Or Vo. 

AiihecBdof 30 cdiiion of Migna cibuiaiy; Ci-ntellinnaU. Don*aiui prini- 

Chtna, aad other flaruiei, primed by ed b^foic r440. Add, probably, the Art 

Bnthelcue );]■. iimo. are tbcnimei of Moriory 1 and a Trcj^ife of Anti- 

GulT. Mao. JaHmarj, 17^4. cluifti 

A* EJfay tn the Imunt^n tf PriH$kg, 


chrlft ; both with Figures, Likewife 
Chrift's Hiftory, and ihe Speculum Sa* 
tmtis kept in a (ilver chcfl at Harlem. 
That, in Dutch, has (like the Dooatusy 
capitals) fee Meerman. The Latin ^^- 
ttrum (at Wihon) was partly printed 
with fixed types, partly with moveable. 
John Naucler and Olric ZeII,whu print- 
ed ar Coloj^n, 1467, the book Di SU-. 
gularitati Cliruonimt now at Blenheim 
Houfe; and the Bible, 1458, in Daly's late 
coUe£^ton, wrote that •* printing was in- 
vented at Meotz 1440, and improved 
till 1450, when a Latin Bible was* print- 
ed ; yet the Donatus at Harlem led the 
way.'*' The Latin BiMe was printed, 
with eut metalline tvnes, at Mentz 1450. 
The Clironicon of Mat. Palmer, of Pifa, 
(born I4i3t) afTertsihat printing was in- 
vented 1440, and generally propagated 
i4(;7. Seiz tells us, that *' John Biptifl 
Fulgofius Dux lanuenfium 1487 dixit, 
Lttcrar' impriiucnciar' Aricm 1440 in- 
veotam." That Laurence Collar, 1436, 
cut (ingle letters of le'ad } and, 1438, in- 
vented a method of caOing leaden types ; 
niid printed the Dutch Speculum^ alfo 
Donatus. Gutenborg printed an alpha- 
bet ; al'o A^cxandri Galli dc Villa Dei 
Doftrinale live Giammaticam, and Petri 
Hifpani Logicalia, with wooden types, 
1441. Gutenberg and Mentcl, 1446, 
printed Biblia Latma, An edition of the 
Bible hy Faud's ArtiHs appeared 1462, 
price five marks ; fee Fenn'f Leitcr>. 
Peter SchefFcr, 1452, ^Tairiccs formandi 
Artem cxco^itav;:. The Pfi'ms wcic 
prinred, by Faull at Mertz, wi:h the 
(late, 1457 ; hut many of the carliell 
hooks were not dated. He printed the 
Offici^le Durandi with call types 1459- 

iliftin Tvrol, 1460. At an eminent Lon- 
don bookfeller's in Fleet Street, was <in 
(ale, Dec. 1790, the Latin Lexicon, (iy- 
led Johannis de Juuua Samiua, Catkoli- 
c(m di^a, imprciJA Moguntia; 1460. Pe- 
ter thcint printed at Francfort, 1459; when 
htn Bourcher, Archbifhop of Canterbury 
introduced the ait into Gnt^iand. Mari- 
amgel Accuiiius faw with Aldus a Dona- 
tus by Fauft, printed with copper types 
<i'avs FAi>ricius} io 1450 ; as was the 
Conft^fmnal. Accurfiu^ wrote thus : 
Joh, F.iufl ct Job. Sci^ajtfer admoniri ex 
DfiDa'o Ho'.UndiH; prius impiclTo D')na- 
turn er Cdnfeiriooalia 1450' imprimebant. 
'J'he C'Moniconuf Cologne, piinted 1490, 
informs us, *' lite af: of print mg was 
coli«va:td at Mentz, on the Rhine, from 
ttic re«r 1440.'* But although the pre* 
jUni iue:hfM was inr<^ted there, ytt the 


fample of piintiDg, wis obtained from the 
Dutch editions of Donatus. Polydore 
Vergil wrote thus. Job. Gutenberg Teu- 
tOnicu^, cqu^Ori vir dignitate, ut ab ejus 
civibus fccepimus, primus omniu' in 
Monguntto Gc/maniae oppido impri- 
mendar' Literar' aitcm excogitavit ; dc- 
cimo I'exto deinc anno (({ui fuit A. Sal. 
1458). Couradus, homo iiidem Gcrnla- 
nus, arte in Italia' attuUt. Hadrianju- 
nius mentions printing ac Mcntz, 1441 2 
but wiih Coftar's types. Caxson, (as 
Meerman notes) 1482, fet the invention 
of the art in 1455 j about that time in- 
deed it became public and general } as 
Palmer of Pifa, Polydore Vergil, and 
Werner's Fafciculus Teropor' evince. 
It enfued on. the feparation of FauH's 
ArtilU. , But John Mcntel exercifeii the 
art at Strafburg about 1444. Wimphe- 
lin^ (who died 152^) fiys, that Gutcn* 
berg had an impcrfcft knowledge of 
piioting at Strafburg ; though Peter 
Schcffer's fun John aUTerts, that '* Gu- 
tenlKrg invtntcd (rather founded) print* 
ing ai McmZt 1450; where his father 
and John Fauft impritvcd it. EKewhcrc 
he expla'ns this or types. Juhn Scott, 
1531, attributes the invention to John 
Mentcl 1444. - And Spiegel, the Empe- 
ror Alaximi ban's Secretary, wrote, that, 
John Mentel, at Sira(burg, in the year 
1444 invented the ait of printing; fee 
Seiz, About thi: year 1458, both Gu- 
tenberg and Mentel could (lamp 300 
ihects daily. But I think that Guten- 
berg's eldeft brother wai a workman 
with Codar, and fled to his brother ac 
Straiburg, but afterwards repaired to 
Mentz. This accounts for the reports 
that the art was bi ought fium Straflmit; 
thither. How clfe c u'd GutcnlM:r^, who 
rcf! Jed ac Strafourg from 1434 to 1444, 
learn the art from his elder biocher ? ex. 
cept, inched, he v.fictd him at Harlem, or 
both brothers fcrved, ana al>ouc 
1434 removed with the types fiti\ to 
S:ra(bjrg ; for Suiz quotes a.n old manu- 
(cript, chnt favs, chcy rcii^led there 1444; 
whence tlie ciJ<.i^ brother ictiicd to 
Mcntz ahput 1440 ? John Dun, a gold- 
fmith, attclUd tiiac lie \u W to Gutenberg 
articles uicful in piinnn^ ahjut 1476. 
Thus at Harlem were invc .ted woouen 
types, both f:xtd and mo^njic, about 
1430; cut fiogle letters of Ie4'', about 
143b; nnd catt ieadcn types abcu: r43.^. 
Gu:enbet^ :ntrOituccd tiie ait at Straf- 
burg About 1436. His elder i.rnthtr at 
Mentz alx)ut 1443; he prncd uudcr 
FauU'k auipices in 144Z. Afterwards 
Gutenberg ciime tiuthci ; and metaliinc 


« wm catfcKdM Bihli lAjot tod finett, which csob^i !■ MnlUl dJru. 

.J fw ih« Pfalur 14.17: wbca ibe ut tiMti^ tbe wbolc kaph of llw towa ■ Ur 

■« a^vifaMl bKMW «bu*1. SclMffcr, ttw* arc tdoracd witb ctnilt, bridxc4 

pMft^ fM-ia*b», JBTa^Ml, M at tnft ■•dromDf tcHi, tihick h«d u atEifi 

iiiliii- 1 '_ caS npit I wtb wtich Duiw- apoa mt u Mttl ii it wu phifiag. ' 

JaSM priattd ■4M. ThKtfon, CM- I t^ UiIt. ia tM manuig ta Hok 

fiteiM >^ «HlrP'«M»«f •^■"^"K" «!»««■«. I firll wilktj » tiM Mk«. 

lUifla I ■--- "-T >«>« *>d Spi^'li d*^t * 9**^ rqwre, la which iW 

aa< ilMiiia l>aak Di Uifcrla Lnthirii TMra-boA ud ifct mw Ownb ilairi 

1M Snti Jliinfille - --' ^ -^-~ "*- *- *- 

(wta/idi >454< It- 

-•■ -^ n .nuog to the Mlowi«K nn ri 

n) , the daw Wc tocM odir, ahuii poiA, .coaftrrd^ 

. A owB-DDve BWi BK BEw ».B>na tiaam 
•ppote to caA other. The futtuu 1» 

■a oU aad ntJsniGecil botUiBgi md hit 
the MlowiafT nir Tainhlc iarcrtiMlM • - 

- - - ■ ij Lep. 

Ktquitiim, pcain, crbaU^ ]"n, t^iM. 
MddaU Ct'''*?' Thcchurchiia luge flni£h)>t, triifa 

If nfenbl Mcatcl't , gnc loft; Ipini aod ?wy hatrnMiow 

pn(t, in UwrwRB I •nd bnr> (TUf chimei, which anaouMC the lipfa.of 

,m~m — ,• mad incient performance ia cmf qufiterof u h(wr> I htd BoiB- 
Aat an. The Urpa iatroduaoiy capitib (rodaeiiM to an; pction ia (hit ^iccj 
an aM printed. Nciitwr (wgn not tolioi u,A \ \tmwcA for t vdt mteam who 
an aDBibcTcd. ctcu though there it a coald granry my curioRiT- I tOck (ha 
tahk Mferriag ta the bliiu. The Ihecu Itbcitjr ta alk qucftioM otdilvKBt peo- 
lta*« na marlit t nor in tlier* u)' catch- p|e, altenittlr, in KagliOi aod Fttach ^ 
.WMlf, or €mP*dti, at the [iiiinim of tlie [o which 1 obtaiacd M aarwen except a 
nwei ihc (mall opitiU aie in a (cr; Aakeof thehBadara"BliP, Mrnbetr." 
Iwple Bylc. The Uuen »Fe of ubcciuiI while 1 fit it brtakfaA, laocatlnK ^ 
fiiei and the linci aie noifco. The iPDoraKfe of the Dutch lUgnan, oqe^ 
laaiMce* hate no diflinguibine maiki the wiiiett, after (eranl pdnral cffaiti 
■uept 4|nadnj>gular potnii. tto labclt in broken EngUfliijamiM to uadetftand 
adotniha htidi of the p*gct, at in the that ihe» w«. an Bagltb tradcfaia, sf 
NarMibirs Ch'OBicIi, 1491. It i) pro- (he Dime of Webb, Icultd in the tima. 
hible,a tau(ioutr»ci*tj; W9uld haic CD)- I «m delighted with ih\i intclliRnc*i 
beaccd the eat Ikft oppottnnity to honour ,od defitcd 10 lie inmediatelf conduced 
■ mtinbcTo! their own body by comniit* lohiihoufe, I found him a civil aod a 
liog t. a book loilie newly-ir.vcDicdprcfs, wcll-ioftiinisd mm. He told ate that be 
which mull hive liceo muth ii^ioir' d 11 u^^ a natiie of OifordOiire ; that, in hii 
loon •■ uadttdood. Tlietcfutc Leonard'! jguogcr dayt, hi had EiiKlled ihrdugb 
wmk appeirt » old *t i» •i'ic< maut>re ( tS"'' P"^ °f Europe in the fuite of 
aa; opintoaaicd Fitnchman't pofjiiie %pft g,[ __ SiiplctODi thai he wii now 7] 
i/i^i/ to the eonuiry. Tlic adiuirible icanofige, and hid rtfided in Holland 
TuIIt ■ffurdcil a pliin liii" lowirds the upwards of 40 years. He lad beta mar* 
tDtcocioii where (on the Niiurc of the ^icd to a Duicli womaii, who died fome 
v'di) htrp'.iktof [ollc^ingand inan- ynn heu. He had two diughieitt who 

-<— -' ' I-...", jj^jj ^y^\^ i,;n,^ ledaie, fenfiljlc, wonien, 

who, although bom lod educated in 
Delfi, fpike Englifh tolerably wall. 
Tlic old min fluid un tip-toe when wa 
talked of England, and it wai cvidetu 
that nciilicr iblincu nor lengih of time 
hill iliminiOicd hit tond partiality to the 
land wigcfa hid given lum b'rth. Mr. 
Webb kindly offered to flicw me the CU' 
lioutici of the pla^. t wu Affl cod- 
ilufted to the new church, where I faw 
the griod maufulium of the houfe of 
luriu^ iiic weic smuvn ■■; iimi >i-m^, •' Orinee, which uai ireQed, in iliof, at 
a littge town, and i: lau lU contain up- the cx^foct of Tlie Siites General, li U 
WKtJi of twcDiy tl.f>u!a id luhibainis. jjifcu ii|ioo ihe fpiit whtrc formerly flood 
The (Iteeti arc, in, Lkgin: nnd the liijfh altar, anil exhibii!. an hooour- 
Ipicioilli cfpcLully the t«>^ piinciy-iil iijic ti.llii:'.unyof aatiunilgtuilude. The' 

«, lay> lie. . 
compole any in id 

btr ol Icpa.flte le;i 
o.LiM never forcuiTi 

\v. Willi, 



Mr, UiZiAir, 

proceed to 
lerralKiD) which 

eontludfd " 

occuirtd lu 


:ft. 1 

DO thl 

lue in 



. that 


Drift, which i 




44 Epitaph en WilHarti l^frltuf if Of zngt — and •»<jrctius. [Jan. 

inrcription apon the tomb of Wniiam prefenutioni of the two fons of Williaiiit 

the Illy Prince of Orange, is is follows : 

D. 0-. M. 

Et etemx memoriz Gulielroi NafTovii, 
Supreroi Araufionefium Princlpis : — Patris 
Patrixy qui Belgii fortunis fuas iwilhsbiiii 
tt fuonim, valid iflimos rxercitus acre plurt- 
mum pi ivMo bis OMifcripfic, bis induxit or- 
dlnum nufpiciis; Hifpaniae tyianHidem pro- 
fwlit| verx religionis caltuiDy avitas parriae 
leges revcicavity reilituic, ipfam denique li- 
beitatem tantum aonaffertam Mturitio Prin- 

— — Maurice and Frederic- Henry ; — the 
latter of whom was born in this town. 
William the Firfl was a great hi an in the 
true feofe of ihat word ; and the eminent 
fervices, which he rendered to this coun- 
try » ought to endear the name of Orance 
for ever to the people. I furveyed the 
fpot, where his afhes are depofited, with 
that veneration which is due lo the me- 

mors of a hero, who appears to have al- 

. . ^ ^.. « . ... ways a6^cd oi the pured and moft dif- 

eipi, Prtcms v.rtut.s I«.^. film, (bb.l.en- i„,,{„(i,d principlts of p.trioufm ; . te. m, 


piiy prudenti<;» invi^li ; queni Philippus fe- 
cundu<i Hifp. rex, Europse ttmor, timiiit non 
domiiit, non terruit, fed, empCo percuflbrey 
fraude nefanda iiiilulit. 

rdiquit. FoeJera. Beig Pro»inc. pe- ,^. , ^ fj^ ^ >; fc.mefully ptoftuufd 
mentor, monum. P. C. C. Herois ver* ,,' rj^-.n 

by the conuption of modern times. He 

The words "Aurea Lihcrias" are con- 
fplcuous on the front of this noble monu- 
ni.ent ; and, while I gazed on them with 
rapture, they fuegefted to my mind the 
following beautiful apofliopbe in Addi- 
fon\ letter from Italy : 

O Libertyi thou goddefs heavenly bright, 
Profufe of blifs and pregamt with delight,' 
Eternal plcafures in tliy prefence reigu, 
And fmiling Plenty leads thy wanton train. 
£as*d of her load, SubjeAion grows more 

And Poverty looks c' earful in thy fight ; 
Thou mak'll the gloomy face of Nature gay, 
' Giv'A he-iiity to the fun, and pleafure to the 


• Thee, Gdil.lefr, thee Br.tmnia*s ^fle adores j 

■ Wow oft hv fhe exhaifte \ all her (lores ! 

■ How t»ft in ficUU of death thy prefence ft)U3ht! 
li^or thinks the mighty prize too dearly 

bouglit I 

The columns ^<ihich adorn this monu- 
inent are of marble, and there are four 
figures in hrooze which reprefcnt the 
Cardinal Virtues. 

There are two (latues of William the 
Firfl ; one in marble upon the tomb, and 
rhe other at the foot arnied cmff-a-pU, 
The place wheie the hall, that occalioncd 
his death, went through, ismaiked below 
the left Ofoulder; and there is a reprefen- 
lation in black marble of the Princc\ fa- 
vourite littU do^, which is faid ncrer to 
1 «ve ral'td foot! afier h>s maflcr's death. 
TliC toini) is furnjounttd by a brazen fta- 
tuc ot K.tmc,ho!<!in(> two trumpets, with 
tSc following mono, <* Tc vindicc, tuta 
*' Libcftas.'' This figure, which is of 
i;reat weight, ftands pot fed upon one foot. 
The who c workmanthip is much admit - 
ed bv connoi(rcur*< j and fome have m^de 
po frruplc ro p!ac- it above anv thing 
H'h/cii tren Italy hatlT produced in the 
/swe iiyle. Hue aJfu »rc to be ftep rc- 

wns the devoted vidim of tyranny and 
fuperOition united ; and he fell a martyr 
to the nobleA caufe in which a human 
b-^ing can engage, the defence of civil 
and teligious fiecdom : the name of the 
tyrant, by whole indieation he was bafely 
alTadmated, is only remembered to be ex- 
ecrated, while that of the Prince of 
Orange will ]ive in the heans of the lateft 
generation cf free men, as having acqui- 
red the nobled of all titles, The deli- 
verer of his country, the founder of its 
liberty and glory. 

The immortal Grotius, who hath en- 
lightened the worM by his writings in 
defence of the Chriflian religion, and 
upon jurifprudence, was a native of Delfc. 
His iemain« were dcpontcd in this church, 
and the fwllowing inicriptionappcin upoi^ 
his monument* 

Hugoni Grotio 
Prodigium £uropa:,de6ti(luporunicusorbi^ 

Naturae augnttum fe fuperantis opus, 
Ingenii celeflia apex, virtutis imago, 
Ceifins liumana conditione decus ; 
Cui pei>crit Libani Icflas de vertice cedros 

Defenfns vcrx rcligionis honor { 
Quern laurus Mavors, Pallas decoravit olivai 

Qiium hello et paci puhhca jura daret ; 
Qucm T;imcris &ittavz miradum el Spquai^^ 
Vidit et Hiifervit Stteonisaula fibi : 
Grotius h:c fitu) eil, Tumu'.o difcedite quoi 
Mu(arum et Patria; fervidu^ urit amor, 
Pcirus Burmannus Secundus* 

In the firrt Volume of Le Cltrc's 
•« Bibliochcquc Univcrfellc," 1 find thp 
following epitaph on Grotiu>^, faid to 
have been wtitieo by himfelf : 

Grotius hie Hi}go eft, Bauwm capUvni tf 
Legatus regni, SxtiMd Ma^na, tni. 

The walls were full of atchiercmcnts t 
rhe pre<lomin<int colour was black, which 
gave the church i glooiny tpi>earan€e, 


lifulu* locommuDicatc ic(pc£lia| Dclli, 1,1,1 
which will brn the fubjcA of my ntxi marl 
letter. Ctftkicui LiiCEiTKiENiis. " 

Rtroir ew tat CnHHiTTii or Csm- Piiitms, whu tietivecal i: 

- tto» CsuKciL, ON iMnovFHiNTt ui, snil Cusgcncil v.irHHM imp^oroiuna OB 

rxarMiD atTimfli Bak and Saaw liit oriein^ 1 Jefisn, fer wliidi w* (hiiik ttw 

Bilb. puMic miicli iiukbleJ tohimi bdtiiiiwiU 

" To the Sight Hanourable the Lord ba sueudstl w;ih a veiy larg4 ei^«ncei Mid 

htnyor, Alikimcn, ind Ciimnnriiii of tha be liiUo ts ohjejtinnt front il-t iiwnmaC 

Citf nf Loialan,' in CumiDoii CuudciI ooniigm. 


* U'E, ivliofe nitnes we li 
fc^^nl>>>t J"ot CommiUee, 3|>|»intcU on i)i 
iT<h Jay of Jinuaiy lift lo conflJet un t' 
jireper nua) lo bring about ■ commod^o 
■reft entrmcE ioi* the cliy and Tetrple B: 
tnd 3.{{o toconfider if >nf, mi, it 
piovp.-nenl can be mtie in the palTngB 
&IWW Kill, iki cctlily, Ihit we have uk 
itt'-o our feriaui conQileration the ilmi 
per|>e(iul ohliTiiftion of both tiule avcn^n 
«ll as the ire-c ireo" " 

prupufe llw raifiiig the b>«UKB lo a levri 

witli the t jp. of llie hilLi, rwuever defi. 



allho<isri we ^.ri: Calistied fuch t-. uuld be the 


ptin if the wluile ground weie vauM. 

" We iliercruic turned our thoughti to 

tlie bell iiniT"Vooienl o* the parfafg with 

as miicii e-fe m ilia decl.iitr as mtf be pro- 

■ duced by an a:i=ratJon ..I Ilie pa-emw, oimI 


ihaiwe nMylhmk very conOd.raWe i and 

tor U.^i pur|H)(B i«oinoiI»uilspie!=i>Llhi:m- 

(elve^, oiiei'.<a.k, in H di- 


re^KHi iicurlj' cir.ubi, a.l (lie liouf^t on 

Re^t i§ (kmm$H Council on Puhllc Imprwimmts, . [ J^n* 

kety ib SB to fnsnt a Urge crianguliir opcyi- 
ing, aearly fimiUr to ih« upper end (^f the 
Old Biuleyi ■od the ochrr to Leave the 
houfes on Snow-hill, and the llreet before 
them, m their prefent ftate, and make a new 
llreet forty feet wide behind tbofe hwifesy 
in a direA line from the corner of Turoa- 
f^in-lane to the bottom ef Holbom-hiil. 

'* We are aware tliat the expence o( 
thefc improvement; will far ^ceed the 
funds of tlie corporation^ wlucli are at this 
tiirc overcharged in ooBfcquoncc of the 
New Compter, and other bxiildinss aod im* 
provemenls htely made at their expencci 
w-ithiA tlieir own peculiar diftridt: but 
when we conTiUer the m:ignitiuie of tlie ob- 
jefisand their advantages to the membcri 
of both houfes of parliament, and to all 
who have bufmefi in purliamait or the 
courts of Weftminller-hall, tlie Banic» the 
Bail-India Houfe, or any of the public 
AfHce<| as well as to the inhabitant?^ ot Lon'* 
don, VVeftminfler, &c. in rem^ral, we were 
iMit difcmiraged from lyuceeding to the 

** We thereupon caufed particul:irs to be 
prepared of tlie freehold crs and itccunicrs 
of all the lioufes aifected by titticr ot the 
proi>ofed alterations, and were dcfiieusof 
knowing tht derivative cbiras ot all parties 
ioteielted theiein ; but we found it impof- 
fible witlwut ;tna^ of parliament to trace 
the Ceveral tenancies :iod fiih- tenancies, 
which arc varying evei^ day, and even the 
enquiry h;is u tendency to multiply them, 
and t'lcrcby increal'c the general expence } 
we thet ctore contented ourfelvcs w ith the 
rents at which the prcmtfes are charged to 
the poors-rate and l-.oufe-tax, (taking the 
highcft rate where tlie premifesare charged 
to iliofe taxes at different rents,) and^ al- 
though we are awme that ih fe rates arc 
below the rents a<fluallv paid, we think 
that an eilimate of tl^.e whole at thirty 
years puiciiafr, upon the ixnts charged, 
may aft'ord reafonable compenfation for all 
claims, many of the hovitw> bfiig nearly 
worn out ; and taking it ioY giMut di that, 
in the a£l of pnrliamcnt to be nbtainci), 
proper clanfes will be infeited, thut, in cai'e^ 
where juries may become neccfTaryfwr want 
of a^rcetnciir, the expence of fiich jury 
fhall fall on the claimant, if he docs not re- 
cover more than (ball b; prcv-oufly ottered : 
and all claufo that thole <)ainiant5, who 
Ihall t'»e part of tticir property, (hall, 
in cl\itna:i;ir the value r)f the part to be 
purchafed, inahc a roafonabie allowance 
f*»r t' e mcliivation of the rcmainiler, in 
consequence of the pn)poiVd impr»>\ ement, 
as \va>» pro'idv d in the atits for rc-buildnig 
the citv aft«ir the great fiic in 1666. 

Temp!. '-bar— SiHith lidc. /. i. «• 

Tlie 2S houfv'S, Becelfary to 
be pui c»«afcd for making the 
imprrt^cmciit on the foulh- 
fido t;>c Strand, ai'e rated* at 
|>er aii::uin - 1,146 • 

AVhich at thirty years pUr- 
chafe amount to - 34>38o o a 

0edu£l for 400 feet of 
ground to be lett for building, 
at 2 OS. per (not, 400I. wliicli 
at 30 years purchafe — 1 1,000 o o 

Expence of the improve- 
ment tyci the (buth-fide of die 
Strand — 21,380 o o 

The 42 houfes on the north- 
fide of tite Strand, the eait 
end of Sl Clement's Church- 
yard, and the fouth-(ide of 
the Butcher- row, neceifar/ 
to be purchafed if the im* 
pruvement be made on the 
extended plan, are rated at 
))er annum •— - 1,119 • o 

40 houfes on the north- 
fide of the Butcher-row and 
Wydi-flrcet, ditto — 1,201 o • 

II houfds on the noith- 
fide of Sc. Clement's Cliurch- 
yard, an»l loutli-lidc of Wych- 
itrect, ditto — ^<Si o o 

2,:>()i o o 
Which, at ^o years pur- ^ 
cliafe, amount to — 86,730 o o 

Taking down and rc-build- 
ing the church — io,oro o o 

9^»730 o o 

Deduct for ^00 feet of 
ground to be Icttfor built'ing, 
at 40s. per foi.t, 1000I. which, 
at 30 years purchafe, is — 30,020 o • 

Expence of improvement, 
if made on t'.ie north-fide of 
the btrand — — • 66,730 o • 

The 51 houfes forming the 
weft and f«iuch fide of the 
Ficet-markct to Tuniagain- 
lane, and the north-fide of 
that lane, are rated at per 
annum — — t>-73 O • 

Which, at 30 years pur- 
chafe, amounts to — 3^>t90 o e 

Deduifl for 6;o feet of 
ground to be Ifctt for Imilding, 
which, at 30 years purchafe, 
is valued at — 14,550 o o 

Expence of the imorove- 
mcnt on ilie circular line 23 ,64^ o o 

Ncw-ftreet. • 

In order to make the new 
ftrect from the corner of Tur- 
nagain-l.'.ne to the bottom of 
Holborn-hill, the property, 
neccffary t > he purchaled ac- 
cording to the icjX>!t of the 
Sun'eyor, is ratjd at 3531*2 
year, which, at 30 yeai-s par- 
ol >afe, mako the cxj^ncc of 
that impiovc|nicuc •— 10,590 o r 


a general luiniaaiir ^ Utc human misd. 

Wh. S<jth»i.aml>, 

i^id .fftflualiy exclude all the corroj» , 
li>e [lalh of our caniinon circubci*^ li- 

J.H« Bk.W... 

b.arlei. Oftfw hapi^jr and piogrerfivt 

Mr. U'rbab. >«. j. 

mfl.iertce of lucli an inAttuiiOD on the 

A MONG the many Tuxurit,. of the 
-Xi prcfcntdij. Dene appean to me 

public larie and fentiminji, I hav* for 

lo.iie yeart be«n , wjtneft in the lOwn 

more honilclo (he gcntrnl wcJfaicaf 

ofU»,...i.-.SiLjirei. Tlie r«bt«ip.,„« 

focietT ihaa iBat whiih bceini ib en- 

l.b.ary .he,e beg.n in January 1786, 

icnfivtl]' to prevail in ilie ultful ail of 

with aboLi[ [in member*, and m maoT 

priniTng, aod the oiher bianchti of rhe 
bookrcltiDgburiaert. Sc.gnce now Til ■ 

.olum-.i bu., in thecourfe .f e>gb( . 

yean unlj, 1: hn ylieady u bo^n of 

di-m makci hir afpnTmcc wiilioitt ihc 

Cixiy SD-mbert, and about a tliaufaad 

cxpeolivc foppctnof g'lifini;, (c'tciing. 

■nd anBB«ir-r)- ein:ravi.,g.,h".-p.c( 

adcj-lfl by [hii lucieiy may be 0/ bimo 

and an eitcni oF rtuvRm m cxtravjg.nit 

u;= ... Iimilar infliiutioni in (heir infan- 

ai a court-Udj'i train. 7~h=„..r 

cy, IreyueHyi-u .vill be fo kind, Mr. 

ordeii of focietjf on Icarti: get j fi^ht 

L'.ban. ak logi.e .hem a pla« in your 

tbeapner* in ediling ii almoft cxclulive- ""« " We Ihall .Mjiice tlii. h;rejfter. Emi 

4B ARiCbrdifFtttitii RigUides ncommendgd. [J^^* 

Mr. Urbav, Jmm. 2. good; for it will fully conTince mair* 

TH£R£ are circumftancety however kind of the danger of all riolenc inno* 
extraordinary, which, if they fol* vations $ and cry ** hold, hold !" to 
low in a quick fucceflion, may, from the every intentional perpetrator of parri- 
mere frequency of repetition, ceafe to cide againft the peace, religiDn, aod ho- 
impref» the obferver't mind. The more nour.of his native land, 
atrocious affairs of Fk AM CE, for etam- Di/eite ju/litiam, momiti, tt n§n ttm^ 
pie, pafs rapidly before our view, like «#r^ Divos. 

the (hades of a magic lantern ; and yet, Remembranckr. 

unlefs fome mode of fixatiott be adopted, ■■ 

they hardly promife to leave a trace be- Mr. Urban, Jan. 3. 

bind, fave one general convi£lion, tbmi OO lopf^ as your correfpondent tbt JVtf- 
mtl'voasbadt Icould-wifli, Sir, to have O turs^/l, p. 992, will entertain your 
n more pointed and fpecific notice taken readers with his very agreeable Wan- 
ef iuch fa£Vs, as they now from day to derings, I enter my protcftiothe^rong- 
day occur, to aftoniflk mankind, and eft terms againd^fry ftri6tures (however 
diftrefs, by their enormity, the good acute) on the l.Kvguage in which he 
fenfe, the piety, and the humane feel- choofes to convey the entertainment to 
ingt, of every other nation. On this ac- us. The ofrener I meet him, the better 
count it is, that all other nations feem 1 (hall be plcafcd. 
to feel it their duty to oppofc the Gallic To the gooduefs of H. A. M*s heart, 
Miamia\ and therefore contend, even fo p- 979* 1 give every degree uf credit 
the jtopardy of death, as if united in which I am fure he dcferves ; bur, 
one common a6i of juftice to human na- alas I I fear his fcheme is totally im- 
ture, which the Convention has degra* pra&icable. Ft is out new; it has been 
ded ; to Divine Providence, which it has tried in many inftances fioce the Re« 
defied; and to every moral feniiment, formation ; charitable pcrfons have 
which its prafticci have thwarted and given money to trullees for thefe pur- 
abufed. pofcs, but I much doubt whether any 

It is really lingular to note how ex* of it is now to be found. Indeed, mo^ 
cmplary have been the punifliment« of ney fo lent mud be very fubjeA to loft, 
leveral leadeis of confuiioo ; thofe De- fuppofin^ the trullees ever fo careful, 
monsofmilrule in France. It would be and the borrowers ever fu honed. Did 
the honourable ulk of fottie abler hand not the Mercers company employ mo- 
than mine, to collect their names^ ere ntv in this way ? 

they fink into oblivion, from the out<> Mr. Child, p. 1059, was extremely 
tx:tof tUt Natitnsl JftmbijfRad the fuc- aveife 10 his daughtci'k marriage with 
cefGon of the C^mfiitneMt LrgiJUture^ lb lord VV. which vva^ edi;£ttd by a jour- 
called, down to that mud execiablc ney to Gretna-Gieen. A fruitleis at- 
gang, of Natiomml Cvitvimiitmaltfls t\y\\\c\i tempt was made co overtake them, and 
now bloti the. fair face of GoD*s crc- prevent it. He left his fortune to the 
ation! f'econd child, which being a daughter. 

The plan I would refpcAfulIy pro- it is naw enjoyed by her. She is ciliv-d 
pofe could not be didkuir co thofe ivlm lady Sarah Child. Q_ X: 

have time: and fiiould confifl ofdehne- — 

ation, in uvoor three columns (the ma* Mr. Urban, Jan» 6. 

teridU lor which, the Aoanng p^ipers uf T>ROVV'Nlil WILLIS, in a lid ot the 
a few years pad would furoiib) : tir(), XJ deans of Uaugor, in his Hiftory of 
of the iBir» ir. France, u ho, after digging thnt Cathedral, after mention. n^ the 
a pit iur the ruin of their native country, then (anno 1 72 worthy dean, do^^or 
have fallen thcmfelves into it. 2Jly,Of John Jones, a native o^ U'a'cs, adds, 
xUt'w communteationi and atcbitVimena* ** a& h<««c bsen all hts prcdeccilors, by 
Afid, 3d)y, of their penaiy«rf. birili or dclcent, for upwards of 2C0 

Within a few fhort mooihs, from the years pa:t/' and a»the names of his three 
efcapc of La FajfUte to the cxccunon of fucceiVors, Peter Maurice, of Jcfu^ Cul- 
ihe mfiHnous OrUtttis, how copiou^i a ley»e, Oxtoid ; Hugh Iljghcs, and John 
fi«ld for the remark and re- Lio d, imply their being of Welch ex- 
defxon of a philofophic mind ! tra£^h<A, ihc p(obabilicy is, that Mr. 

This hiiQid hint. Si*, will, I flatter Wjrren may be the fiid dean, after Co 
royf'cU, ^c lutBclent to induce the exei- very luug a period,who was not a nuive 
litins ('f a pen far better than I can' com- of that piiiicipality, n<.'r, as icis bt;lie- 
inand. If followed up, it may form a ved, is he rciaied by conlanguinity to 
tc£) volume, and rou& do any Cajibro-Biuou. AL- V. 

I. Bell's 


Review f/ Nr^'J Pu^Hr.ticni. 

I B-ITs -Y'r-./itiv c/ //r Kirs, .'»'./'»•, -• / 


IT i'. wJ:h p'earnir 'hat v\ • r."?! t'.e 
artcntiiifi or nur ri»v*tis to IM. i«1m:i- 
>..? vtt.ik. ID whtch uc h::d n. :• tn c-l 
I ttcriptii<n, pli^ (]i!ig;ca> i|'' <^ t><'*ii r., .1 d 
fr-^^j€jl itm.:ik ID tur^'tr' , ci in^ir-td 
r:-,* in proper order, c:ch in< 
)i-kcc! up'>n in piof onion lu it^ iuipcrr- 
k it. No V. f;ik fit n:an wa* tv i jtr 
t' '• ; a: ( , f'rt'h^lv as w*- aic impriHwd 
\. -ii rr.c ;''.i.<.rai ::»frir rf :l.i? vvrik, ut 
t ..k ti.^ !i!*t:i!y. in a fcrinir lx litx^ to 
I '..i f >.t I 'Oic iiiipri'.piiciic*. in Tht an- 
t M ' . !ar.«j Lwijc 'A ticn ucitir e of il.c iifc 
< • •: e k-i.t^ 1 he ftuclLCt t f .in*tcirv, 
I.„*.vcver, V i •! rc«di for !«•& (ami in'- 
I .' ' ilian v.^'li a \>tv.' u »i:«. lal'-rif ot critc.fn:, w ii cU» »i 
t'l -.fc inj|.i^pr'.< Jitx ot »«:ry liitit in;i'cri- 
»< ^ £ ; f r l.c w:ll heic fiml ti.e a liin^'c- 
!• ti t or parvs «c<'iira!*', the»t«nn 
c'iTj*ttc, il.c i'c*crip*!on^ |Ci!jicufU', 
>-»' rl.c f««i rii actor:, ^'i(wrh| and l\ruf^urc 
r * !V c cJCp'.iM c«i in *iaRf!v.a2c uh::h 
..ranker to :lie (cii.r.ce fna\ xcad wwU 

1 - r.'-Vf : ' 't. ' • canrr* ;». fi"-'. I" 

i '". t "L*-/ ;/../.: » i i'^ Itr, • ■> i f . • '" : -i. 

r- *' «: r •:! •. ■ ". D •' s r r." Irf* r v r • I ; 

I ■••, v ?i.»- «• "c I' ».' ' f '.H • • r.' i I'.- '..■) 

i .'.t.lir :.•*■•, 1 4. II J"^ P »'-.V (;:"Pr>; 

., i • : 'A I i ■ ":• i cMr.fnicH, u* I'c 

' •: •- : R.t, t' '• iiciia n >(^ cr !'.':«vr:'">!': 

;•'• ' ' Dr. ii:.t-«."' fxreltr: r,?j" I '-.n 'he 
C ft «J V. . ; ;i.t. »• f . « 1... <» |.# . 

: • . . ui ' ". 'i 1 n* rii : nj« ;:.»f» ui'-on :'..: 
I u't':-: l.-il: *iv t(i'.i I i; a«'m«r2l'i' •;'l 
. 'wf :l»«»!' i tl.', 'yi c c- n lit".' 1/ T.« . ".' r' •.* 

-• '. M tp'- i:.'i a 1 'l •' li.o'.r-.! v'j ct r.:-*. 

:. •'. i. '. :n:'j;!t /'.L..'' :...■.)!::•.■ « l" r.-a:. ; 
: • 'J ••! itirj» til' cliii! l'.p».'r : as.i- 

• ■ r . 

' .•■■'ii''" •'•'*r«f« r'':cc'i'.'* '!* 
r ■ Ai ' •• I -vni f-. v^l i II t! •. <':i. 
.. .• , . t • «. ti . ' »i- r * •• 1 : r- 
.• -! •. • T r.'. r '-••, t • r. li'-ri ''.'.:t 
V :• » . •/ • i--. . rt • .' '■ ". 

f J^ ' 

■ f 

■ ■ * :"'»''■' ' ' . '. ! . I ' . '- I f ■ I 

• ■ w i ■ • ' . ■'• 1 •.♦•'• •'. p. -vc . t . . 

■ • ■: : .• • • l^^ • :'■:!',. ■ ? ■- . 

• ".. • : . !• .■.*.•;••'.•. 

.- ■ , . : • L 1; ' . • ■ : • r: "V: * ; I', ". 'j 

.'>.:' I .- ■ ....•: I. ',;•• : •■'• 

.■ V .■ :• ;■' • • f • ■■ T :' • : •■!. u;. ' I. ' / 

• ' ' . ■. • -.'.-.f J .. ! I' •- :• Ijivc .: 
' • I 


i.'il i.; •:;! '.!.;. 'xnr. 'v. 1 1 • erj f.f t».t I :•;•.•, 
NU.w!i 1. i.c 1-. i« ;t ! y .. ni'..f'..x p .'*. jr i.vff 
OK.nv ;-•. •». ; i.Ik' fit nt lj'»if;', u> .. r.ul !c 
hirc'i:. tl tr .!«*• I " I'f .Jit.!"! ' !. • ; . 1 1 
C'cr\ 1 •.:!•«• 1 1 c..:»tr i*J...'i T k^-. .'i-ivt? i 
rruf le .11 «•,••' • [•mni»i.M if .'. ••«ivv.:r. 
Thus cv'iv V'-", :n :l>c ii'in\iii t.' li , s 
I>uwer : > l!;e '01 u* .m.J M cl - ' :!.e 
pait, ilic jMiii(» ni.iv he inriwUti i\.:tit :!.;s 
l;mh:, t!:i! i! -.• limbs m.iy be propoi:h»!n! so 
l!c bt'JV| ^:,k\ le.-.u'.y ;.iul c nvcnc ucv \$* !>;. ill.' Lci t. c oi l! .'u pi'VW'.'i, v\i>i(.!i 
a lii.t neciitii .a I'x- 1) I'.cni, f-i.-.c tli; w :\'uai 
aii»' j'Xii'i.'-fi «>f l!i4' (.';»*..ii.! ii. ^ -.pp •:: tcil a 
ilcs^icv <.f f.iicc 111 tliu nnruKi i)i<re :h 11 
pn!)ir.:«.iicJ l'« ;.il l?i> ii»l-» of nv.'».I..i- u .1 
p'.'Atr. 1 h "fe wl.o will .uiniu'e tl.c **;.>••« >>t 
I'lovk'.er.ce fhoti'.J knjw liuw !o ;'un;ire. 
N.'iti.rc :v i.ot k'rkiiig c* compc l"..iu for 
u;-.-.t of p »ux» . y li.e :.d van' ».".(:' «if p'.Iifcjs, 
r.r.d Ic'.'-r., :•.•.(: iiiLchai: -.'.il Ix-'is; if : lb iC 
:ii fi.e :\nni's <i the p.ii:N tli.t i!,-: 1: luiite 
\' irf lo ti'i 0iU:d: fur, ;«rr.'in!j oihcr 
f.H':., fuch .« poiMor. « ! ll. « :p.:i'. is j;'V n to 
r.i.':., ll.ri: he ui'.A tlic ji-.'ilcV'.a- d !c\ei5| 
;>cctlcr;ili*^: sof nvyior', ;i!»v; . i; il ; n-.etli.;- 
:..ol i'ov *i: •': .1 h'.ni i'.. )fe Iin^ ii:- 
v«::,i»i! v.-lvi:,ii| \::,\:'.'f: v^ii.'rv, t:cli pcr- 
l'-«r» »:i! 1 .'•! t) :;• pwiiMiI.ii- oMi-e : he l.:-.j 
. .■.:!' •■.'»•' .;; ;• .r •.•:!*.•., 1. -.mJ ^jj ilic ntc- 

:••:.'. ..' X* , •• , '.. ..■ iK't j: »■*. cz 

■y '.* :'•■ p, V • 1..I i .- ■ 

'..*!'■ !' ' •.«•..• "I'l 

• • ft ■ k * 4 

a J* ' t •' I . CI • • i. at '. • . 



•• 1 J ■ ! 

• « • 

. :i-:: . :i 

r ' 

•■■ .•• 

t »' 

•■ • ■•• arc om: M-41, ir^e* 
J " .. ; ;v.<r :...• ::• ;i'i«-, r« .'t 

:•• ; ':' • ••: : •■•-••:> 1 r':i- . 1 t:.-; n; ln- 
, • J" .. :. c? :!..■■ ■ -.1 I'.:"' .•' O'U'i:.;: ;»y 

* . . . :: *>:;.-■.•:. I f J "'.tai:? 

ir«.' ■'. ul: ': :> ■ w.:<. .- I -i:'.;i\ ;o Lc 

I .ii-.' . r I ■ I- *... i wl.- !. «• rii «^ '.0 iri- 
Ih'..;- j^'.v: •■■ :. ;;.i::'f; i.i:r .Mr. 
]".-.,'; 1. «^ •].'.• '.II I .:' * ;;i.r: of v-.r.i^*. anJ 
in .J r ::»'." ?*\2'.«c r.U'-f! ;'!.-: i\ yet 
r:». V. r . . ..r.;-,-. !ii'- VH! !..•«» r:.od.f,ta'ioii» 
<t I- « •; •'!:• s. r*^ i: ', 1-0.. *\ /tich, 
\.'. r . :.,':i: i! c I :.r.^- ., i'L' ri.<, 
ii ii ' .", C\.» . 

*■ .'. ' •-• . •' ."." f •■ *.:, <*.»" /;f o'-.e 
• ■ ' '...■.-• •.'.."■!•.•• I :'.• .r 

' • II ,...t', l.tto 

I . « . ... ' , ' ' ■• ' 1* t ■ l'. .* a 

« a-* •■■■ 1 «4l>k:-l*4i 

• ■''.; . . I . '. . . W 

i ■ ' - i 

I ' I 
I I 1. ■ 

• .• "■ . -ri'' ! ■ .»».- 

p. • '. I MT"' I ■ •• • ■ n'/_ i ■ ; •..! |. I. 

. I,. .,rt. ..•.},,» .•.,rii,..i.' 

,ii ,.■:.»•■■. 11.. .' ... ,1.1 '.,'._ 

, :♦'.• i;. ;!.■.*!•::. *.t !.-. : l v KlTl-; t*. • l!.- 


Rtvitw of New PuMeations, 


producing pain and df rangement of its parrs, 
tlie inflammarion of joints, and of all the 
p.nrts belonging to than, bfei^ks up the or.- 
gan'za'ii'n of l' c part, evo!rcs the fcclinj;, 
a'vl tiv n in fliem alf* c 'nnes difeafe ftnd vo- 
leni pain. Thcv arc flow in entering into 

fation, Thoii(»h cl)ey are not a^ually ftrt- 
fibie bur to cerrvio circuinfitoces ) t.A 
tha: the only dift'cience, in Hiis rcfpe^i, 
iierween them and the ocikcr parts of the 
b>dv- is, that the dcrmanc powers of the 
fn mer are IcH) eafilv excited than thofc 

esfily moved to at^tion I and their exctriTive 
a<51io:s cnce be;?;un, is n^r eifily allayed. 
The lUfeafes :»re infinite to u'liich ihefc p.«r!s 
are fiibjed^. Tl»cy i^rc fiibic^ to dropAcil 
•ff^fion ; they aic foHrft lo ^elatindus con- 
cretions ; they are fu!>jeft to flight in flam 
mation, to fuppuration, to er 

ipcr;ite<;, and which are (ft well known 

a& to brf hcvon-J tlic reach of controi'etfv. 

Mr. Bell h4S i)io:t(-d the margins of 

his b<»ok with refrrenctt to a fet of 

pUtts, vvh ch appear not to be yet pub" 

flight inflam- Ifhed. If they be fuch engravings at 

'•fions of their have fomctimts accompanied (ylUms of 

fl immaiion round the joint*, with a flighter 
etfufion, which is f(M>n ahf«,rbed. Chronic 
rhenmatifm is a tedious and !<>\v inflamma- 
tion, with gelatinous e^ifions round tfie 
tendons, and permanent fwiUing and lame- 
ncfs of the joints. Gout, »^ a joint, is a high 
inflammation, tviih a fccrctimi of caithv 
matter into its cavity. The inflammation of 
tendons ;; fpr^in ; cfliifion of gil jtinous nut- 
ter round thjoi is ganqdon ; fii])pur.riun in 
the tendinous Iheaths is wictt'ie; the in- 
flammation of burfx u< falfe w!iitcfwclli'^i^, 
not eaftly dii^ingnifhed from the true ; 'h<: 
diiVafc of the joint il*»:lf i> either a dropfy, 
u^^here the joint, tlmitgh cmprird by thn l.iii- 
cct, is filled up ag:«iti in 3 fctv hours, View- 
ing how continual and ho-.v piofafe bi>th the 
cxliaiation and abforpMon uS joitiis n^uraliy 
i<:; or it is white fwUiipg, wh ch, next fo 
confumpiion, is the moft dre.idful of ;iii 
fcrophulous difeafes, whi. h bciin^ by ii> 
flammalion in tl>e jo.nt iifelf, i> marked by 
ftiffh* f , weaknef"., lofs of motion, and p lin ; 
which gots 00 through all tl.e plages of high 

date, their publication fliould not have 
been delayed, fiDCe the fludent ot ana- 
tomy muft, at crcr\ ftcp, feel, more than 
the author could do, the ncccffity of 
fuch exp anations of ihe ixynk. 

\Vc cannot take Icaee of this work 
without Dotiii:;}; the uxvmmon number 
of lypugiaMliical errors with which it 
abounds, and which aie a difgrace to the 
Edinbuigh pn (k, that once tx>afled it» 
l^rcat corie6ln»fs. The author, by two 
ta!)lcs of /rr^rii, ha*: done a!l tl>a: was 
in iii» p.iwcr to remedy this defeat ; hut 
he in:;li fccJ n.'» fuia!! degree of vrxation 
nK kcioi( tlie produ«':t of his time and ra- 
ien > d f.-i:ed w»ih the corr.clions of the 
reidttS p-n t>eforc it c^n be read with 
ufc, or in Jecd he intelligible, B-Jt, with 
a'l lie^e Sicmilhes on ity head, we can 
with P )nri'lefice recommend this i>0')k, 
no: only f) (>udent& of pliylick and fur* 
gciv, buc %'fo to everv gentleman who 

rnflammation, dreadful p^in, deArnaion of wiflies to un icri^an.i a fcience, of the 

canilages, enlargement of bones, fetid fup- 
puraiions, and fpontaneous openings of (he 
joints ; whicH fomctiincs flops by an eflftifioft 
of cillous ai.d concretion of t!ie bo«ie«, fonn- 
ing :: lltff joint, but which oftener ends iir 
hectic fcver, diarrhoea, morning fweats, ami 
CN:treme wcaknef* ; (« that the patient ditts 
exhauflcd with fever and pain." 

We have quoted thi« paflage, not 
mcrtlv for its excelleccc, which our 
anatomical readers will reaJily adiiiic, 
but bt'caul'.: it fhews what is rea'lv ihe 
authnr*3 mennin^ when he fpeaks of the 
fcnfibiiitv of the bones, and of ether 
ptirts ot the fyiicm, which he calls the 
fkLf.d m^t'cT of the l}ody. It is evident 
that he believes every OJic &f thoTc parts 
It have, at all tii^es, a cipihility of ua- 

general! piinciplcs of which no man can 
rv.'niain totally if^noraat without bctrav- 
inc: to the woild his want of a liberal 

a* Thf H:'/rry, C'ntil atJ C'itmurcitily af the 

■ finilfll OA.nicx in tfj€ Welt Indies. Br 

Br van dl wards, Tfy. of the IJlami 0/ 

JaQwica. .Klwtinued fffjm tto!. IXUli 

p. 113:.; 

A F r K R. our learned author has 
treated of the antien: ftate ot the Wvll 
Ifidie-fy anu their original inhabitants, 
he proceeds to local hitlory,and the ciril 
concarn% of Jamaica, Barhaloes, Gre- 
rada, S:. Vincent's, Dominica, and ihc 
feveral Leeward Iflands. This concludes 
the [^ril voluiue» Tl^ fccood volume 


fcrth wj laUM mtMf, titf ire thob of 
fTm|nth]r mhI ampaffinn lowardt pcHoM in 
tiM Euni loaditioii of lilt) ind acci<rdiBt^ 
w« find tbM tlie 'tiatmt in gowral m 
fli«i|ly ittaclMd to (hair eonnCirimni biC 
abi>fB jill to fuch of thdroMniaiitant » CUB* 
in thr&Mia l):ip with ihem fireni Afriur 
Thii ii ft Arilciiii dtcamtu^a i tiw un» 
>4iHM ii «MtvaiBad MDoni ibMi If flfni- 
^C)f ■ nfacionlliip! o( tha auitt cndorinf 
aanni pMbpcnnUi^ihtiiirairbnttw 
fnfcwt WW* cot eff MMlwr from Uwir 
eaamemcqaatrf mi kinmdi ud awik«i> 
■Of K BJ p fB M l (tapMlHt from Da imam- 

*• tuttlwir WMTOhnca, Vith a -my fcw. 
- a«eafti(bi( cxmdM on fiHthar. Tb« (ut«r 
viitan tn faUon Ibaqillii the boTaai af iha 
end nd AfiteM. ClTatHOl fuffldBtauOio* 
ritf, aaJiMb) -- - - 

IftMliTi it tha m1la»r which to hk tar tMa - 

h cnaiBWi cdcttpUcain^ b^ar* 

Vctnifi in ••ar inamlt (Tucli o( 
iliem it InA u bive ("acn any leiiEih of linw 
in a flxe of brriiudi) irr .,{ a dftruflful anJ 
n)wanllr ilifptifiiion. S^) tlegiaiiiiig i* the 
n^m of llaicrTf iti>l (nrtiiuila of miriJ it 
toltiirrecaecncjriiT«aiajncJ. Tatiiifima 
uufa pruhabf mult ha impuieil their prn{?eii< 
tuf to Conor*! or viubte I'le imili t wliicli ii 
rirmaral, diat I Ihlnkllie viccul falfelKH:il 
K nic uf (ha nolt pruminent (eilure* in llicir 
rhirVler. I' ■ Ketro L> . JkiJ cwnon irl.lif- 
fercucqiKft.OPhj hit madn, ^erel>lon1X1^'• 
■n innMv'i^ie repl)F i h-i-, jffiiling imtlu 
(riH>«fUiiil »h<(i>lai>l, uimpelia rfpetiiion 
ff'tw i;>'eftiii"t, iluii he iiay have tnrwni con- 
Tuci-, n»: wtui it Ihctiue anfuer, bix, utut 
1^ i!.e nuiA piii^tic eoc IU*h]rD In give. The 
fF' igtiiert (lUecv^tc in lu^iny •<{ ilicm ti> Iln 
t <« of thelt liM alre^f Ikcii noliciJ i aiul 
I .'.n3<r«d that evil nanmaiiicjlianb miike 
il afiiKift general. 

"" " il pi>«if]rnucter, I confers, to ilifcrl- 

pUcaintbe b^arflHtftfian^ 
. wlMii It i* tad MCMbr in 

e ilii'Te I 

lirl, I 

ic'iili oFproKimale caiifer, ftrnn lliuTe wlikh 
are'ibeelicaiof na^iiinal cutlimii aiiiJe r!; 
Itiihits in favlfe lile ; hut I nm »fr4id that 
c^itranlice and diflinnjlati"" tuive bwu itie pm- 
penicSDl divery ioall :iges,anil u ill ccii-.tmne 
III be To, lothe end uf [he world. It ii a fi< 
UMianihalaecefTarilrfiipprefleiTnaiiy of ihe 
till i&Oions of tlic hunua beat;.— II il 

lemplarnHitc. .ladioftaftikl* 

-fTlTfi'liriTlimlii ■fjrTnfi|Hiriiiii)ftif 
toriicfaotlhaiUNapwniira iiBy|if< 
tn g^ ibaa infUuaioni bo the hirthnili 
with which tttafapio^ anbrc* tbair m»< 
-Jfwritr Ii cnr«a»t lotl It tom. in fan* 
''dotrc* to leflea'tbe indiinatioa which a soad 
iniod ntKeKuilj fetU ai iba abotia of power 
hy the Wliiln, to obfiirve ihu tha Nesroea 
tfitmte^ra, wlien invefled with curanaai<, 
give iutl pliy lo ibeir rermgrfiil jiaffiMU, 
and exarcire all the wantuniieli of cruelty 
withiiiu nArain[ ur ramijrfe. 

■* IhetameaiiferviiiinitUTbcniiJeeon- 
cemioi tbair cunJuA tuwacdi (he animal 
creation. Their ireaiment of c.iiila under 
t!iBir diicAion ii biui;il hsyond heUff. Erff) 
Iheufefilmd fi'CialipialitieiiifiheJof fecnio 
ti) himooitinilur^gcf.omfn Africinmifter. 
AliluHi|;li ilKrc u I'ui'ce a Negio tliac is not 
allei'ded;!^ one, IlKT[eem(oin»iotain thtf* 
poor aiiimaitfiilelir fur tha ptii'pnfb ul having 
an iitijAt wlierrcm 1" nxermfc tlieir caprice 
aiiil truallt. An<'t hy tli* ivay,il is a fi'>p>- 
br circHnill:inc«, niiil ini the lefi. true fi^r 
b-inj (o'iietvli;it luoioruut, tliM the .inimal 
UlcU, wlteDi1iepru:<eityof a Necrn, hetrafs 
at hiit figtit lu wlium Iw tKlvngi i fin'. Uifi^ig 
I'.ii playlul pi'«)i«nfiEiH, Ne feeml lo feel 
iiifvrioi'.iy of hu Condilinn, auil nClualtr- 
cnni'J'C hefure fnili of hiinwnfpacieansiira 
ufed tu better cjntpany. With ilw nuimen^ 
he a<.(|uira alto lbs futnriij, tiuevilh, and 
fullen d-fiwfitiun nf his African lyiaol. 

" hu', iiwu ii|i()aii<liiis wlia: Uxs hnn re- 
lated uf [|1B Teihlh :iiiil uiiieJEnti'ie icmpei-nf 
[lie eullavcd Adicuis, ih^y are f.iiJ to be 
biehly (wfcept.l'le <il tlie pjfflm a1 IfV*- K 
iWever beun -fUjipufeJ ilutUiey are moie 

^2 Scvir.u of New PtibUcations, [Jan, 

^i^je^ tf», ar.d fenfMp' f, iis imprcfT.on, than form without cerernnnfi and iliffiU'c with- 

. tha natives of coU'iM' **The Negro out reliiA.-ince. When ape inJecd bepifH tr> 

(fays T)r. Rnbtrtfon) g!.)w^ with Ml the mitieate the avdovir an4 Iclfeii the ticklenrft 

warmMi of defirc to h'S clim:<ie.*' of yoiiMi, many of them forni nttichiTienr^, 

" The render ppll'i ui (rny. an:tfher writer) wliicli, ftrcn::thcncd by hihit; and cndeur.d 

is t!^c mr-H ardent one in the bic;ift of l^.e by lli« coifc-.ouf.iefs of muiu.d imhecilirv, 

cnflavcd Afii-m. — It i*? rhts only fimrce of prtKlticeaiini'.Miforhfc. [t i ; no: uncommon 

hi' M^y^i and his only fr.lare in p.ffliciion." to bshoid a viri"»'ir?.hl« cotiple of th.s rtaup, 

M«nri'-".;r dc (the hiftori.m of \%'hn, Cutrering u;ider ihc Ui.ul of ytiais, con* 

^f iitini.o') expatiate^ on ihe f.inic idea witli tribute to each nlher*s comfort, with a r.hear- 

great elorineiici:. — " Love, fays I:e, the child fill aGluuity, wliicU is at once amiable and 

of Nciturc, to whom fhe cntru(b; ber own affecting. 

J) referv.V/ion ; whofc projrcfs nD diflicnliies «' The fitnation of the age<l among the 
can rcurJ, and who tiiumph^ even in Net* roes is indeed com. ncmly l(iclta>io make 
c'lAins ; that principle of !it>, as nccelTary to them fome amends for the h'rdthi[is and 
i:.c harnii-Jny of the nniverfc as t!.c air fuflbrings of their y:>uth. Tho Libour rsqui- 
which wc breathe, infpires and invip^orates red of the men is feldom any thing mora 
all (he tl.ouglirs and pnipof*:s of the Negro, than to guard -tlie provificMvgrouiMLs; and 
an<l hghtens the yoke of his flaver}'. No pe- the women are chiefly employed in attending; 
rils cp.u abate, nor impending pimifhments the children, in n.;rfing the fick, or in otl>er 
reft rain, the artUwir of his pairion.— He eafy .^vocations i but their hap pinefs chiefly 
Icjvef hi*; mif^er's h.tbiratinn, and traverfmg arifes from the high veneration in which old 
t«'.c wil Ifrr.efsby JjigJit, difrrgarding iu nox- age is held by t!)e Negiocs in j^ner.d, and 
ioiisi:'Ii.ibiir.nts feeks refuge, f rum his for- .tJ»is I confider as one of t^ic few nlcifnig 
J ows in tirc 1-ofom of his faUliful and affWtio- traits in their rh.ira'!'.ter. In atldrclTiij fucU 
nif e millrefs.'* of their felltiw-Iervants as are any ways ad- 
" Ali this, hou'cver, is the language of vancei in years, they prefix to their names 
pnetrv and the viflons ef romance. The the ap|>elL«tion of Parent, as TV Qnacn, and 
poor Ne?,ro has noleifure in a ftrite of fla- Mu Qiiafhaba, 7a and A/j fij:nifying Falher 
very to indulge a paflion, which, however and Mother, by which dcfignation they 
d^Creruled, is nounfhed by idlenef^. If by mean to convev not only [he idea of filial re- 
love iit meant that tender attachment to one verence, but alfo that of efteem and fundnef?. 
individual obj^Cl, wb.ich, in civilized hfe, is Neither is the regard thus difplnyed towards 
Jcfnc, l.eightened by fentimcnt and refined the age J confloed to outward ceremonies 
by delicacy, J doubt if it ev«r found a place and terms of refpe6t alone. It is founded 
in an African bofcm. — The Negroes in the on an aftive principle of native bencvoieivcs* 
tV'eft Indies, both men and womer>, ivould furnifliing one of the few exceptions to tri::ir 
confider it as the i;reateftexerti<in of tyranny, general unrelenting atul feififh character, 
and ih'* moft cmel of all hardOvps, to be The who'.e btxly of Negroes on a plantation 
connpellcd ro confine themfelves to a fingle muft bs reduced to a deplorable itate of 
connexion with the other fex ; and I am wretchednefs, if, at -at anytime, they fuflTer 
perf'JixJed, any attem|it to re(lr.)in their their aged companions to want the common 
prcfent licentious and dilfohite m:iniier^, by peceHariesof life, or even many of in c«)m- the m<rnngt-ceremon3/ among forts, as far as tliey can procure them. They 
iliem, as is ftrcnuoufly recnmmendcd by feem to me to be a^uated on thefc occ:\fi(m! 
mai-y pifons in Ore:U Britain, would be by a kind of involuntary impulfe, nptrstins 
■ irterly impraflicablc to any goo J purpofc. as a primitive law of nature, whidi r^orus 
Feihaps it may be thought thst the Kegr.»es to wait tl»e cold didtares of reaf(Mj: :i'ii>>HS 
ai"* not altogeilwi reduced to fo c'ep'o: able a them, it \^ the exercife of a commnn dui\, 
ft itc of (la very as '5 commonly rtprefent>*d. which cnutts no oSfervationi and lo.iI« for 
ul.eri it is kirnvii th it t ey b*>Klly c1 um and no applauie. 

extMvit*- a right of d:fpof:np of thcmf-lvcs in " A Ton-* oth-r propenfitics and qml^tirr 

this rcfped, nrjo- d"' j; to fhcir nivn will ,\uA of lb- Ne?ri>e^ rn':fl mil U'.- O'U Ucd I'li-ir 'o- 

plr'.'furo, with'.mt any cuti'ioil Tom ihcir quicio-.f-i-fs. 1 hey are a' t"» i.i <>* -yhhi- 

m-»jVr. t'n*? fct f,)e*:che^, rts onitf*- t v i'c;:.':r. »:. ; 

•* r. at pni^on !h"efone to which (di-,ni- bu' it rcrinirfrs a to if!d. r bt :-i'fe«'t p.- - 

firJ b ■ :' e n.irne of love) i" af. r-betl Uic encr lo \y.'.\v lii-.m 'hi'»'«.'i' ; ." ; t-ir r.-./ 

p »\vr i-f K)*''enipi; ail the m'f-nts "f ll.iveiy, cnmnio-iiv ra kp .» ici:.;'. ptTtcc hcure t:;-...* 

i^ y.. r M"iT<:'l tl-hrr, imi Ian e»! ^v rlit* gie.u com^ l-nh* p-»im ; bcj; niiMit; wiih .i icdi.>MS 

/■.;i I of I ] tkiini;- f M- i!*c p:-cfrrv.iMon of €iuin;*i..:i»!i of tli.-r part fcivics :]:i..l h:ird- 

lli; fp le- Thj< the Ne?. i>-», ui'hour rhi,^'. Tlf. dwell wilh pcuii.T »:;:c:-.',y (.f 

^om' t p< ff f^ IP c^-'m'ii .\\\\\ therein of Uks f.:i*l .u'm-tv i.; .m thf n-in.l> r rf <: iUrei* 

the anvu I cirativ", and rhe-- in.lvilise it, as they lave prtfc.iod 'n .V/,. /j f^'jjir' ; .dttr 

iii«lnMii"n p «"npt^ -n an idTn-rt :'i*»milcu- wLxh tl'.ey rftapiMl tt ionic of Ihe in- 

ouv o'vcoiife W'lii ih- o'her fi— ; oi at ft.\nc..- of kn.inefs iliewii tlcm 

Icolt init-mpoiaiy cur.::c(iUoas, which tl;cy by Uieir owner ui cnij^oycr, aJdixiPij t!.ef«? 


" Tlwif laof* irt cotnon l y iw / ixn y ,»< 

than WW wautDg Ihtn iodiTidiali wbo n- 

fanMsthB^ifrw^kivr, arnumparBlwds 

aflutr; bwlMMMfiViauchfarthiirpci- 

I UiJ. TbrnrtunMugMmlmshMOgrif- 

I twoTiMr nMbdri mnwai thobatcb* 

! UaNh«iiicM*adl««>aU«, ofdwlCo. 

I iBMmnM iMrioc Mi4 nattiiL AtttMOaM 

tinM, dMfi It •bfimU*, iaanftifttcn)* 

I ' »j*>ionrin( w «taiwb«lf» wbldi, mili— 

I -ariMlIni, b iMwdnM «Mr riiWIat- 

« At tiNir mmr HHidBH aa< miidiic 
Mbnig dMT Kv oM MboK brttaii <tf Ml. 
Ahv Uad, MhrM to Ml «eci£>M I tnd 
hmtbiy thw Ml faaato a ttrim fo^ rUU 

hmtbiy thw Ml faaato a ttrim 

cnkiUtMaam wbEllta«Hra(ei 
Wanft wdi olfair, b« ilfa, OM mil 

torial «f Ibck Mode Om*) M wn»Pd))adM 
ia ^ IT ««MnH» tkmvfc' an, ihtr 9X- 

WHC& dwlr bodMaM'fbwilr ^(Mdfef 


■ paflport W th> pbca of thrir tw. 
nnr > ■ <l*ii*«naM whkh, wbil* '» trea 
them flam bnnbge,* fcftorttlkem En the [i>- 
ciclr nf tlwir deireft, long-lofl, and luoent- 
OTcwit peculiirlr MLpMil In the fcience of e<l rclatiKt in Africa. Hut I ini %iraii Oat 
IMdckt bat [hii i bcMaveiian iU-fuimded tlii^t iik* <**"'' Enroptan oa^aitanttrmTig 
hkm. la nxal li^'mnri' Otrj AipUj nd- tha Me^iei, ii the draim of poetry, llw 
thtir «arK«7 nnr cnmpaft. NKure feems in fympethttic effbfion of fanciful or ton ciCiJa- 
1h» 'elptO to F»va dcalr cnora pm<irinuQf l"Ui an inngiiMlion. Tbe Keiron, in ge. 
yy tlirni [)un :>m:inJ(the rad i>f iha hom^iii nn^i »'t U> tdrfioia courtiag duUi, thai.i- 
*^. Aijira^l'Ci'l muftci.m^ [nmenf Ihcm, 'main^fucliof them m hire nfiJed any Icnfiti 
tf tf^ TbiMr and iirefiil inftroAioOi hc> of lim* in the Well Indic-'i (uiciils i> mudi 
rame (iifflcicntlT erivrt to bcv an tindir MtfmiUciit [hin among the free-born, htp- 
lan in i|i«bl>c concert j lim I linnnt trail- pfi aiidcivilifcdinluhitMiuof GreuBricaiD. 
()£« ever lu > are (rcn or h»tnl of a Negro With them, eqiullr with the whiia, Nitiira 
WbocnuM trulf be nlldl :i rin' itrrirnirTOD Dirinkt bjck it ippioicliin; diOitlutiOii i iiui 
M7Ca|^(M!i>firiin-A<*l. lnp;-iicraUhiiv ]■«- wliei', ai.iny time, fiiddenor uoiitnelj' death 
^r» loud ami h>ng-cnni>inicili|ciifc III the fi- overt ikri an; of their companioni, iuflend 
ntd, ami Irtiymntly Mnfiimc the of ivj-irinEatrucb an event, they never bit 
wlurfe n^ht in Uatii^vi a tkatil tviih afiich. to intfrniB it In the nij|icuH» cuntrivancef aiHl 
Tilts i', in fwt, ■*)« uf ttirir chk £ miiricjl in- dbbiiticil aits of Iboie pntiitionari in bbtai; 
flrutnent;! befideFuliicli.ih rliiivethefim/ii a lernn of A/rican orinin, lignifyiiig forcerjr 
ahhinwacf,\\xJ1imJ^Mui\\KGuMl<'\; A\ or Miiehcrafi, ilie ptavilcnca nf which, 
of Ad lean wif in. 1 lie firft is nn impi'iTi-et amwig man* of tneir cnuntrymen, all the 
kind nf VHiJini clln I cxcejH ifiU it is played Negroes nuiR firmly and implicit; believe. 
iiohyil.»fi.iger,like'hein tar, iw-Hliidiig a We m»v conclude, Ihercfoce, Uiat tbeir fu- 
iJ ifXl^\ Rinixnunf nf fmir ntxc. Thr Dii'ido neral lungs aol ceremoniei lire commonlf 
i<f>rcciftlT3laN)r; and iJie Gaon<tur in a >ii<il>ii>|; niurs |han the diltiinance of favagc 
fuilicviiuni heiii|ifocfued"f ilietrxiiik nfa ti.iihaiitr anil rint i ai rennute from iha fond 
iiullow UBr, one end of uhich !< covercJ lujierltitiiui In which they are afcribed, 
v'lfti Ihecp'ilkin. fnon fudi infrnmenti » Tnvn ttw fdier diaiw of ■ ratioaat 
ra-^.lf1g like a rrgubr time i,a\\ Ue cxi ei.1til, fjnuw." 
/juc 'it A atu.-bfi^cd. ^ 3> Out* 

mi Review of New PulllcatUns. TJ*''* 

3. Outiir.ei 'if • TUnf'^r mitHmg th Tr.iCf rf New FnrcA will r<,On andcfjro 1 

iMyuicali'f UhtSfw Foreign rem' Ftrf/ } an.i partiCjlar dilVilTion. Wc hope Mr. 

f'.r vjiri.u<otbrT Puyj-ips tf tbt fir/f K.tthrul L. B*s l.inis «N'ill t)t du^y attended 10 5 

Jntpoffr.n:ci nv'th .1 tK'.nrfcry Pr/fjcfy .in- and wc canoct b«Jt wi(h wtll to a'. I p'ans 

mttr-r^Z <ilfo /'W Undfrtakinfrx in wf^icb yf rcfrrination, bn:\\ of ihc commUQlty 

TV1R. Le Broc«) has been employed in- mcnc r.«n he formud ex ptdt in chft 
<tcfitiv;^b^> for many years, ts an ano- prcfcni inHancc, ourrcadeisand the put>« 
nvinous volMntecr» in dtfemlio^ with all lick mull juf^ge. 
}/s inieht rhe BrttiOi conftitution, civil 

and ecc'cfiaftic His fole reward has 4- ^ Si^mvt prrarUd heftrt the Univerfity nf 
been a moft copious (hare of thu'c from Cambri 'gp, Mi/m^r 5, 179,. By Ed- 
mtHitrm patriots, Jacobios, and anirchifts. ^^rd Pcafftm, />AW •/ Sidney Sulfex 
vrho haie difgraccd human nature. He ^^'^'> Cambridge. 
it " rcfolvcd to dedicite, from this mo- FROM that comprchenfiv^ tett, Pro^ 
ment, all his Icifurc-hours to the moft verbs xxir, 11. Mr. P. cUimiog f»»r 
important and moft difficult ta(k which ((the counfcllori of fafety," an equal 
c:.n be undeitakea by any man — co point privilege to be heard from the pulpit 
out in a ferics of publications the many with the *♦ promoters of fediiioo," eo^ 
abufes which unfortunatclv cxii\ in this deavours, iH. to (hew the great danger 
country, l)Och in civil and cccIeRaflica) of auempcin^ to futivert by violence an]f. 
atfairs ; and TO rtESCRiBE RIME- cftahlilhcd ^overnmenc } and a. to vio« 
PIES GENTLE AND EFFJC^CIOUI. dicatc the happy event of the Revolu* 
It (hall be (hewn in the ckaretl pofTihle tion from the obfervations that might be 
manner wherein the welfare of Briton', drawn from th s t'cncral principle. He 
temporaUy and eternally, evidently con- obfcrves of the Fieoch, that, to ufc the 
ii(\s. No man in his fcnfcs will, he words of an hiflvHan on another occa* 
Jhould imagine, rc^ufc to lend his tf- fion, '* ihcy have in many indances, by to make this externally benevolent propaga'ing fi^ion?, by promoting vio- 
plan as acceptable as the united ahiliiv Uncc, and- by UlTcning the reverence of 
of many, aided by a philanthropic teal, wiiat hid crtr been eflcemed facred, 
can make ir." As a leading feature of fcrved to corrupt at weH as to infatuate 
hi« pUn is to ereuiicmte as mseb as foj/iblt the penple to whom they maile a tcndrr 
#// rjT/^w^ ^r^'^nirif*/, and to pret ent any ©f liberty and juftice." In the (hort 
fiom faking ro.n. by mean* of a prop r cnmpaCs of an occatlonal difcourfe Mr. 
c«mciit'>n uf the ri(intf generation, to p. lias wcil iuppor'cd his pofiiioos. 
unite ,utd rccpmile diHerent fe£ls and H*: i« ai(o author of ** An Elfiv on 
T-rlv. , and to m<ke the B«iti(h nation the Good nefs of God, as manifeHed in 
one i.o Iv iftuatcd by one foul ; he thinks rhe Million of Jefus Chrift i a Norrifian 
itisiin 'ofhbk that Envy can rear ir>crt!> p.jj^e ElFav. A Sermon preached ac 
againO himinourpartof thcidaniJ; I'and s*. Mary ^t IpKvich, June aj, 1786. 
it will hi ancjctremcf.itisf^flion tohiqi ro Anorhcr on his MajcftvS Pioclamationt 
»*CLivcth£ namt-s of rliofe lil)e:al pcr^oi^ ,.;^i a third ou the Sacrament of the 
who mean to fublcriU to the piop^fcd l^jraS S'.ipper. 
pulilicuior.s, or ro afli:^ him in tiie glo- ^ 

fjous ur.dcrCikin^." 5. Jn-ui'trs Intfi tU Orlf^'n and P'^^rtp if tht 

Atltr :his ll<iliinj» pr»:f;<CC, Mr. L. B. .^r/f-vr 0/ lU-uLVy^ loith lyfLaufiry %' 

proceeds to (Uvciopi lr> p;an r\jr the im- /i'l.r'z'n ui mi^.iU: K'tji^'iu By Jam«* 

pri)vement rf the New F.»reLl, which U n^'-iw«y, ./. M rf Trimiv Colk-e, Ox- 

biKfiv thib; to make it more fuW'ic ''^"*5 *''"^ FcL.iv y t!^- S^cuty :/ .-/n//. 

property, by fativfying anda^oliihi.g ail 7"--*'"- i'''n:edat^^\oy\c^\zv. 

the pritfatc claims on it, by def^roving MR. D. is well knoiVn a> the Editor 

the innumerable warien<i To profi-.aMe to of H ih ip Run IU\ iettcis (LIX. 629 ) 

keepers and other individuals, and by and ti^ecoti^piier if Mr. BigUnd'^ Gio- 

managin^ and fencing ihe plantations ce(ler(hire collections. The prcftnt work 

which nature may a'readv hare made, or has engaged his attention a conlKicrible 

it is tefcived for art by proper m-^oage- timj ; and we arc much miflakcn if he 

ip€at to Jo. Wc unJ^iiiaad that iliis did ou; circjlaic bii 'queries {mx it occar 


"frmalty duroDfh tbc mcdiupi of our Ma- lawful and allowrcd beirinflr of hcmldie 

Mmc. It it Infciibcd to the duke of deflect wat an indirpcn(jb«e preltmi- 

Iiorfolk.Kcfwditanf |KKroDof the fcieoce aary." 71* 7«. The* kogltfli were mure 

which it treats of, aaid tt di%idtd into addiAed ib tbefe maithl exercKes cham 

tkwmm it^tou^ lo th* fiift it examiDcd afty other oatioiiiy yet adopced tlie Fit nek 

tilt jDHJjjria of hcitTdty. Under ihii head aod German cnftomt wirhout any d«vi* 

«MdiiBkioov«cliincnciooi«|iaid totKt aiion, and rcfortcd to their inltiiutionn 

lild gti hni iiencct bornt by fwgftn wor« Icrr fbtnal decifionti One of the moft 

titfct, sad that Bgtj^ h iib'jfir»pet I V called ibkom occafione of combat, cxctpttag 

•■tlwlnnd of 'dtABcTs*" |< a. IndiYi* for ihc proof of treafooy wat the tt/mmf^ 

AKt fanriflgi'werc pecvliar to the Nor* Hm 9f mftmil^Umiig^mbkk m^mmd 

piBif Bon wftba all the ftirmff of -he- m dmibk €Uh$. 

iiMry i^i fai ir e dr,rt'd were broi'ght oTtr •• From the ciilhu6aflie late of ei|«iTf 

S the cfMquctor.bttt not generJIv adopt- and honour dmi mark. the darker asttt^ 

dR Hicliaid I, «1u>barc three Wopardt c^c fpirit of chivalry arofe. Its influence 

•D Uf luetd ialritfK*tatfeal« 10 which and romantic motivet am attrihured hy 

Vm talikn iMnM hit caampU io their the modems more to the force of imagi- 

fca's* Soma dari th« intfoduAion from nation than, the didatea of fblid jud^- 

Vormandy by Edwaid tlie Contelfor. meats and coofidered. rather ai the rel die 

They* ofaanCl "earlier ta France than of a general caft of bub«r.fai than ^ 
among in. Ailni became of more ge- ^ partial refinement*.'' 

acnl aft hi the Crufadet % but it may be Many nob(c familiet had their heraldt. 

«babte4 if they 'were in^eoicd in Pa- Edward III. Gift inflituted tha rDyat 

Mline or copied from the Saracent. The onai wiih general aothority. The fiirft 

fiBcilbt deflect of^ |ryiihoni|' mcrmudif pnblic nocincation of the auihbiity of the 

wyvaratf and harpies nave no allufion to Englilb m)uihaC u the eigtuh great of- 

}Sbem I tad dke ftppeaiancc of undattd heer of ftate, waa, refpaAiog the rank of 

rolfar of aamei adthoot arms i« no more the ngbiluy attendant on the king ahouc 

co^'qaefiiao than what it faid about 1J15, Hrra'drvhcctvedmatimproire* 

^imisgif p. »%f %9» Nor cai^ we fub- meat under Richard I. Ctcftt, and cog* 

fcribe TO Mr. D.'t ide8» p. 34* thit the nizaocct, cod fupporteri, were roulu« 

Bayeaxtapcflrvicof ETitutcaMorigitty plied. 

or the apotk oflTALl an' Krtlfls. Innu- Sedipn III. treatt of gmealogy. The 
owrabie iaftaacet might Ih: nc'duccd of firfl pccti^rect ate fuppoltd to have hcea 

fimitar figures of bir<tf, btatts, «nd htc- compoled by ccclrfiadics, from regiftert 

logtvphicat forms, emhntt 00 pia:c» or 
other furniture, without the rmallcft re- 
feicnce to their dt(i(:ns or art'Os. 

ftsifjhriaiiti ^phdUf p. 37. we would 
rccommcad B(>wert(t. VVc ro not ap* 

Ce the oaiilfion of capit»*s in «{>pcl- 
c^; as roniin, fforman, &c. 
Arms became hercdirary at>o-jt the 
reign of Heory Hi. Tne Wrlfh' are 
fuppofed to have borrovb'cd them from us 

of religious houfes ; and wiih this fiudf 
the u!e of arms was clo^elv conne^trd. 
Tlie merchants ronck aiid the rehus have 
cciiginly DO place io a treatife uf he- 
raltUy. The lirft chiipter of hcraM« w;w 
held ut Rouen, 1420; and the college td 
heralds was founded by Richard UK 
1483. »* When the hahits of ch.valry 
were reduced to a fvrieiiifttic C'.i(k, and 
its ceremonies rigulatcd by prtccdcoty 

io Edward Ts war&. Onr ^rc^t difplay of the pra£^ice of titofe employ cd to con- 

armorial bearings wou'd {k in tourna- 
ipcrtsy which were firil inrruduced into 
Eni^laDd ui.der Stephen. On theiw Mr. 
J) has fpeot chiry page<, from 49 10 7K. 
Vr'ccanooty hou-evir, JuLfrri^ieio thetu- 
peri^riiy of theGothic tuuinjinitrn's to the 
c'a(ncga»iics of antiquity; the corwbainnrs 
io both being as often pidxics a' cri^:- 
aal'y and the inccntife^ to hoiiid a£ti ns 
io both iinii'ar. '** Although the cullotij 
of Itcaring arms wa. infiiiitcl*. uivciiiticd 
aod improved by the ip'cnoour cx)*ibi(C'd 
|t the joufts, touincys, haUiiudt-, ur 
tilts; it is certain fiuin ihi*. crcuniHaiicc, 
that rhcy were not anicccdtn: to riiC in- 
trodu^on ot pcribnal arrfiorcs, fiitce the 

<\m6X them ua^ committed to wntmgr*- 
Up:on wrote • dr Stuuid mili'ari/ in the 
rvig:i of Henry VI. puhlilhed bv Bv()fh7« 
16:4 But the firil printed Iwok \v/s 

• I'lic Soke ot Sr. Albon'b', 141:6 ; tie 
p4rt relating to • Coot Atmori^* ii ft- 
|i»'nicd *i th„- en<l of thr preftnt wotk. 
The oMclt vifitation is ruppofcd tha: by 

* MarcOiall de N'jrr« y,' 1412, uli. 
Henry IV. in ths H r eij«i library. 
Thole of counties a»*:* here arranped. 
The reign of Henry VIII. wa^ diftin- 

* Yet the fame mcderns jiifti^y the po ^^ 
of honovr in the pi allies of eiutUi'g^ af much 
as ibe 4l^•.icul^ t;uu\d u\ l^>X vil x\\\\a?» 


Iftiview of New PuhiicatUns. 


pruilhcd by expCDfire tournaments and 
interviews. The aobiiUy gave cogni- 
zances or h«<lges- to their followers. 
P4nfli repiftcrs, iDtroduced by Crom- 
U'elU '1536. were cxceDcnt aids t«^ .h''* 
nl«iic and genrtjogic inquiries. Mr. D. 
is of opinion that heraldry was the t^'-l 
encouragement of painting and fculpture 
among us (p. 194. 195) j and, as print- 
ing divultjed the*' fecrcts of the fcitiKe^ 
it became Icfs attended to or cxcni- 

Se£lion IV. opens with the literary. hif- 
forv of hcraidiy during rhe rtitrn^ of 
Elizabeth^ and James I, Here we have 

dent." 290. The Eirl M.irfl)ar« coUrC 
fcems to have been of ufc in fooie in« 

dances in prcvci. ing co-nt^ai^, and ia 
tcr'niratirig the invcHig tioo of the 
quariel inrccof^cihatioq, upon due con- 
c^ivioDS hy the oifending Pi.rt!cs. Mr, 
Hyde (afftr^ards £arl of Clarendon) 
in p^riiamcist, 1640, was v-ry inltcu- 
mcotalin its ititfjlurion ; and all the cf. 
for:\ of Df. P.'ott, who w;is cmploved to 
colie£l and arrtnge all the rxi.biig cvi* 
dcQCcs of tl^c hiib ry and privilc:;cs of 
rhc curia miiiiarir,' CG\x\d nm bring about 
it. rtftonrii^n. T\\e p-oc«f$ of heiaKlic 
vifit.tions is det.iiUd, 4nd the ufc of he* 

accounts f>f Gerard Lei;h, John B ille- ral'iry in pr-ivsn^ial hiftonts, fcvcialof 

well, Sir John Feme, William Wyihy, 
Sir William Scgar^, William Camcieo* 
Francis Thynne, Wil'iam Smith, Ralph 
Brooke, £dmund B:>Iron, Thom4S 
Milles, J»hnGuillim { Mr. D. hns given 
the funeral ceremonial of Edward, earl 
cf Derby, 1574, from An(li%'s coliec* 
lions ; but has not noticed that of Queen 
Elizabeth, publilhed in the VetuAa Mo- 
Dumenta of the Society of Anticiuarics. 
The folcmni'ies of the order of the Gaiter 
\vere aoothcr part of the heralti'v duty, as 
alfo to make out the authtni;c'pedigrces 
of families. The jurifdi^ion of the £arl 
Marshal's court vra<& very generally al- 
lowed ; and in 156S, Thomas Howard, 
then Earl Marflial, publiditd a body of 
i'.a uics aod ordinances, by uhicii rcgU" 
)ar>tv a>ight be enforced. 

Scd^ion V. HeialJs were much em* 
ployed in the civil wars; and e\en the 
Republic and Olivtr Cromweil himfclf 
ma :e a ^aiade of aim-Tial beatings. Tite 
co'.iiba: of chiva<ry tell into difutc under 
Char!cs 11; the court of Grca; Britain 
controverted aod (upetfeded theii award. 
** Tlxe hillory of proseeding in the 
former court muH, from a deHcieocy vt 
authorities, remain a!mo(l unknown. 
CiicumOances whicii cannot be afctr- 
ta^ncd have confpired to confign their 
xccords during tiie early centuries, to 
oblivion. All that is preferved in the 
ai chives of the college of arins ap 
pears to bave (vetn co)it£led raihor as 
private than (<fHc;al notices ; Ar4 as me- 
moia'dums made by the piaftitiooers in 
that c'jurt, in no indance giving more 
than a fummary view of any particular 
cafe h- re after to be cited as a prece- 

* Nfr. D. has omitted tO mention that 

£dmoi' Jc*S fplend:;! baronage was publilhed 

urt!-.; b : fofepU Ayloile's aufpicesj from the 

AfS -i/ v.. hja of S5:;ar j and the late Mr, 

I: ■*'.£•;».. 'jf>...Mrcda v.Ju2ibie M5 of Iiif. 

which were writtro by heralds in the 
laft centary, though now their offical 
know!c(lj»e is not lo ealily impartwa. 
Tnerc aie, bowevcr, imny auibeMtU he- 
rald.c rtcord* in liic Bntifli i^auftum aad 
other }ibi»r:es, boih public and pri\atc. 

Sc£lioo VI. treat* of the invcftitore 
of heralds ; the memoirs of Sir Willian 
Dugda'c, whofe hfc, by himfclf, is 
printed in the appendix, and a new por- 
trait of him from an oiiginal picture in 
the hall of chivalry, in the college of 
arms, prefentcd m that focicty by Sir 
William Skcffin^toD, haroncr, of Skcf* 
finj^ton in Leicelterlbire : a lift of his 
woi ks «nd a former written in a blank 'caf 
ofhii(M->nanicon,by the Ijtca^ilc antique- 
rv, T. Waiton (^vhich welhall tranfcril)© 
l>elow») Henry Peacham, Sir Edward 
Bysihe, Edwaid Waterhoufe, Thv»mas 
Phiiipct, Tnomas Gore, Jihn Gibbon 1 
later herakJs, xyho have been authors, are, 
Alhmole, King, Sandford, Anftis; the 
laticr's coUeftioos for a complete hiftory 
ot the fCni^hts of the Gatter aie now in 
the Hciaid*s College. Francis Grofe» 
who rctigned his office of Richmond ht- 
rald, 176 J, comes in for his Iharc of praife 
as an autnor. The progreffr of heraldry 
U Dated, and the liudy of it recommended 

* " Deem not devoid of eiegance the Sage 
Bv Fancy's genuine fr-ehngs unbeguird. 
Of painful Pedantry the poring cliild, [page, 
Wiio turns of thefc proud domes tu' hlAonc 
Now fi'.nlc by time and Henry's fiercer rag-;. 

1 hink'tl thou the warbling; Mufes never fmi I'd 
On liis lone hours.' Ingenuous views engage 
H s tlioughts on themes unclaflic falfely 

Intent; while cloifter'd Piity difplays 
Her mould'ring roll, the piercing eye exploit 
New manners, and the pomp of elder days^ 
Wlience cults the peniive Bard his pidlor'd 

Nof rough nor barrren arc the winding ways 
Of hoar Antiquity, but Ilrewa with apw'is." 


Maoacrr, mil Vernon, ihao ihofc in liii 
turfimtt^e, Imm public iccoiUi ind their 
pfiiile eTidtncci. " Bui ihi pipcci •<■* 
BO jet dcliierid tatbem." It wuuld Iw - 
hi^bly grttif^icf; if this noiice of them 
llwald be chc mcani.of ihcir being pie- 
leM«rin>lbe publick. 

Mr.Silliwif'i work if illufliaud with 
MtBtj-tis piMci of figures iDd porlriiH 
d( tnnt ftrnn iniieBt MSS, *Dd cogni- 
UDUt cf fcsli : of ihe elccutioD of thcfe 
■e un f«y but liltic, hui find ourfeliei 
compelled tDiTpciihat it ittirbilow ihe 
tlecsocc of piper aid type bcnu>vtd on 
thu bcok. Ttie p>' of Sit W. D. 
ia oiczzoiioto, by J. Bmche, is ihc litA, 
6. P«-u ijr Mri. Robisfon, To/. //. 

WB hare before gJTCn <iuc lenimtiny 
14 the eleg>nt ■ciioiplilhmenn and pui- 
ilcil uteno of this ladjr. thn fuiCMd- 
■if; tolume will hy no meaoi impait ibe 
{^ffl Oie reCEJTed from the fitO. Wi:li 
iIk tiuc lorers of puctr; the grcKen aod 
■null impTi^niTe cliarm it fimpliciiy. 
True Tille turoi wiib liildaip »d4 difgalt 
ban m)> mtrerricioas ainiwtnr. ll'e 


hi m}' ctild bp the Aeeling breath 
Slull murmar fonh— Dear Valentliie t 

'\itn o'ermy ima, ah' drop one lear, 
AnJjfighine, write thiipenfive Una — 
A fjillilu) heart liet mouldering tivn, 
" TlialweUde(erv'ditiV*La>Tiiii, 

TfJlS is the CDteiiatning perfori 
prol-ahty of a youne, but certainly of aa 
inEtnioui writer. The idta is the fatne 
ai that already fuccefEfully pieferited in 
Chryful, 01 (he Adventures of a Uu'mta; 
which niiy aluniys be made pioiluiiin of 
KOveliyof^dtftription.ijclri.m, andanet- 
dot., iccoidin); to the lalle and abiliiiei 
of the author I wheihei it he in the hiHory 
of a Kuin.;:!. a crown, a ftillme, a bank- 
noie, in ilTign-t, or any (Imilat i.ticleof 
c.rcul-riuo. In thu volume the bed 
(lor/ is of CJaii.ille the Frenchman. 
The idvcrruie: of [lit highwaiman =re 
not fuffititnily novel; and ibe H. ry rf the 
offii^K at iht concWfjpn, TtM\p»,\a\it 
learchtd ai a ^anmij. w\)\e , bttiNiW^t 
hit' m 1:1'. ^Qckct lVt( witi^ sA k ^o\-i\ v^«- 


Jt/tn'irtv cf titw Publtcalims, 


fcTveJ with care fur his needy family, it 
very o d indeed, And has been retailed 
again and a^^ain. 

Wc fele^ the following as i fpecimen 
of the wriiei's manner and invcniife 

•* One of Hammond's fervants having 
afked his permiflion to go oVer to WinJfor 
to fee a fider, who was fettled there; he 
granted his reqnei!, and gave the lad poor 
nte^ that he miglit feo tlie play. 

I w:«s, accordingly, paid away at tl»c gal- 
lery-door of th« WinJfor playhoule; and 
tlte next moniing, which was Saturday, was 
given to one of the company, who was, un- 
fortunately, tronblad with one of the greateft 
chUs tliat a man caa labour under — it was, 
the l)erpetuaUy carrying about with Wm, 
• A difcontented and repining fpint.' 

Before I had bc«fi in his iHilfeition a 
quarter of an hour,hc iioiAvmt of hisbrethren, 
wIki iifked him, in a fi*ieiutly mnniier, ' if 
he was Co be of ihtif dumer- party ?* 

< Hey ! dinner-party ? why, wliat ar^ you 
to hJlvc for yoiv dinner r* 

* Why I don't e^a^ly know — biu there 
will be tome fine roaft veal, my boy, ai'id an 
cxccUeiu bowl o( pui^dh ai^ar ir/ 

* Piih! ftaggfciifig*c*,«ndflo\vpoifon!--. 
DO— I Ai.dl be oiherwfTe (Jkigagod** 

Re was indet-d otherwifQ anga^ed; for 
the Cam 9 afteitionn be de^impcd, wHIiout 
Wat of drum, kavhig the manager to proture 
anbther Fri-ir Lawrence for tha following 
Monday, or to change the pby— f »o rt not a. 

The U^ was, he (like many others of Ns 
profeflfon) conceived his abihuis to be of a 
ftriVroic, when they wei^, in reality, fcarcely 
of a fixth-rate nrden and on the manager's 
refiiliug him the pait«if ttie^ay Mercuth (for 
which iiis age as well s incapacity rendened 
him totally unfit), he took this [laltry method 
of revenge. 

Juftice, however (which, fixmer or late* , 
overtakes petty rafcals as well as villains cf 
D6ce, indeed all tho(e 

« That liave within them undivulged crimes 
< Unwhipp'd— ) 
purfucd his Aei's, and overtook him at, 

In plain EpgliHi, tlie manager of that 
theatre fo m:)rci&ed his vanity by his treat- 
ment of him. that he heartily icpented his 
having 4uiited fo abruptly the ra/al brow of 

On his arrival at that place, fo celebrated 
for irs penknives and the lofiy fpire of its 
catlicdral, he waited on the governor of the 
children of Thcfpi's, folicited r.n engagement 
(which w.ifi^rantcd), and rcqucfted to make 
his firlt apiiearance in Othello, Moor of Ve- 

The manager confented. On tht night 

appomlcil he made an entrie in a fiaming 

fcarJet c.ojc, \\hii9 fbanei H^aiilcoai^ blue 

cotton Aockings, cocked hat, itK^ ramili^-^ 
but performed the chiira^er fo litcle to tha 
fat.isfa£lion of tl)e auJicnce, that, long 
he announced it, they heaitily wiihed ' OeUl" 
/»'j 9ceuf,ttion got\e ! '* 

The Moor himfelf, however, wa- wtll 
plealtd. He tliouj^ht, and with ju!\icc, tluvl 
B:'ri7, wlien living, played it as well \ hut 
he doubted whether lie had ever played it 

The Mrmager,^ it fliould fc«m, was of n 
very diiloreiu opinion ; for, the next morn- 
ing, the unf )rtun.ite ftroller faw his name 
aitiched to the part of the fecoqd nmrderer 
in Macbeth, in tlie play-bills for b^ next re- 

Ftitl of indignation and refentment, he 
flew to the a|>aitmein of tlie theatrical mo- 
narch, and, without knocking at the doftr, 
burfl into the room with iheabi-npt qiiedion, 

* on earth, do you m^-an, fir, by the 
grofs affront you have put ujmhi me ?' 

* What ;.ff.onr, fur' 

* Why, fir, there is my name ni the bills 
for the fecoml nmidcrer/ 

' A midake ot tlie printer's, fir— entirel/ 
a niiA^ke.' 

» O!^ tir,* qnite foftened, « 'tis very well, 
if that's th< cafe— then, pray, fir, what cha- 
raifler^im I lo perform? for, I am Aire, in fo 
full a piece you mail want my afiiftance ?' 

' What character, fir^ why ihefrft uV- 
derer — for 1 am conviaced youMl d(» it more 
juflice than any m-ui in mycomriany.' 

It was to nopnrpufe that the other remon- 
ftratcd, fiormed, vow^ vangeance, with a 
long train of ct caters : tlie manager was in- 

The adlor (calling to mind that I and two 
of niy bretl-.rcn were the only friends he hjd 
hft, and not looking upon fiiver with the 
eyes of Bajfann, 
*• ril none of tbee^ thr^u pale and common 

• drudge 
• 'Twixt man and man—') 
fuhmitted to the indignity, and retired to his 
Ifidginzs, planning all the way an hundred 
difleceitt fchemesnf revenge. 

Wiicn the night came, my owner grumbled 
out Ivis (hort part : previous to whicti 1 was 
««itMefs to a very curious fcene, that may, 
poilihly, divert tlie readey as much as it did 

Tl.e Manager performed Macbeth : and 
in tlie re;>refetitat ion, when tlie 1 hane cnme 
off tie ftage to perpetrate the fuppot'ed 
murder of Duncan, his propeily-m «n (the 
account of whofe office is fo humouroufl/ 
treated by Ac'diibn, in one of the numbers 
of" The Guardian") had ncgle<fted to pro- 
cure the necelTary article of bli^od, for the 
af^or to befmcar his hands with, an.l jnftify 
the obfervation of * this is a forry fight !' 
When Macbeth therefore impatiently, and 
in a violent hany, afked, » Weil, fir, 
Where's the blood }' the reply was, in a 


" Pra>tr, 34 a tn^n yl devotiop, Optt^m 
in iwo wiy>. By btingios W viaw iIk ili' 
tnw perfeaionj, H emite. '..<-/-« ; b| re- 
ulline ta cnr mintB ihc idcaoE uur dveial 
oUiEition:, it piaivla 

" II we wen 

I >11 >i 

B« »ble I 

proper rtftilii 

wt niflit (atcly cummic la Itwir influence 
0* pTcfaitluta iD4i growth »f our virtiw. 
A bpciiinint fiwnc o( mLiiil woulH be Ihe 
aeudai^ bon/eqwiice- But this ii loo luueh 
to re4uir< of Slid tuuDiuuij'. U Miy where 

iqors (Hiweiful [upiKin tf virtue which (»• 
oiily |>ray(c aA-nU by naioi i>( iu mocc 
Irmtxi'l reajrwoc*. F»mitT pi»yer *ur- 
Pitfe* l^if ""^n* "f (rtiini itRipi^ioui u 
(iMiy nfi>> uuJ, OD ihuacaniDt, ,Haf fupc> 

" ifiey wiioie]rvil|nTeraiapn)inot«r 
of (heir virtue, will iiiiw no tlc- 
tFJiiiitii'i how ofim thii (lutf ftoMiU b* 
tlLlch^getl. At sttrjF pra|i«r 9ppartiuiity, 
tlie truly pij|iB miml hiU atldreh Ittif lo 
Uud i wil th* mtilt convMuem U*tons for 
fimily prayer are tba betinning and lAuiv of 
ifx diy. Tlicfe ITS alfu, on oUier accininK, 
tlK miift proper. In l1|« miBnuii, ilie in- 
fluriHc irf Mie world »pon our mindt it Icfi 
puuerlidi and they who hive bilhfully 
pBffqinieiltlie Juticiof tlw d>y, will, in tbe 

(veiai evehiog, jjin, uiih peculiar pkalure and 
»lvdiu»t(, in >Lk(iqH'ledgin| iba Qjodnef* 

malcfl oi Ihe cinmon Cdthrr. 

Jill ut. " la many Imnilie*, and, pcrbapg, in 
mofl) where thu dwy ii at ill .li(cloriei), 
the evMiini alone is ihouglii ruAicitni fur 
iherigUperibiniaDccof ti. AnJaCrciinent 
caute <4 thit iMxIc^ (eeois to t» iho ilmrt 

JQliiivalUwrciibciweeaUwlinwiil ul\.vi.. 

go Review of New Puhrtcations. [J^"- 

and ihat of applyingtooiir worldly bufmefs. this good cffe^, arc tertainly entitled to r^ 
Were this om^lTion fupplied, the ^ood efieA grcu ihare of praife. Oiie cauiios, hotv* 
o fthe practice woald not be fingle. ever* we (hould Itere attend to ; which is, 
« In the morningy it h >s been before ob- not to conclude that, becaufe our paflions are 
ferved, the mind is lefe CubjeA to the undue bat little excited wlten we pray, our prayers 
influence of the world. Tlie fe:ment of are not of advantage to us. This is an error 
pafTion has abated, and we arc more capable to which they are particularly liable who, 
of feeing things as they really are. This from total negligence, fuddenly diilinguifh 
alone demonftrates tlie great importance of themfelves by the regular ebfervance rf this 
morning devotion. But, when wt eonfider duty. 1 hey do not confidcr that prayer 
that ih-i day affords the time for aflivity, operates like all otlier means of vinue, ami, 
and places u-' in a fcene in wliich our virtue in whatever degree it is attended to, pro- 
is moft cxpofcU, and by our behaviour in duces a proportionable eifefl upon our con* 
which our charadkrs ai"e principally deter- djidl. Their ex|>e6tin()ns of its advant.iges 
mined, thr irquifition of a temperite frame are too high ; and tliefe difhppointed expvc- 
of mind on htgiic.irg aumher day, and tatioas are frequently, in the end, the cnufe 
le-engagin;^ in our different employments, of entire negledt. Thefc perfrn'S, and the 
appears dUinguiilied by fuperior ad van- advocates in general for peculiar animation, 
tages. If, therefore, the lover of virtue can as it is callal, in prayer, would do well t'j 
think that, according to the preceding plan, remember that the ilnte of tlieir mimls mull, 
the mfam of virtue would too frequently from a thouCand caufe*, be different at dif- 
recur, he will, at leall, be doing right in ferent times ; that nci fire amftantly huros 
preparing his mind loencgHnter thofe difii- with equal brighioefs, and that, while fmoke 
cnlties which he mlift cxi^eA to meet with, continues to afcend, tl»c Aanic' may be ev 
and flrengthcning his gojd refolutions when tinguiflied. 

he mod needs them. •* In offering il>efe obfervatinns to the 

*< The re^uUr rciuttHg of the fcripturcs tias, attention of his', the writer 

for many years, declined among u^. Infome is influenced by a regard to wh:it he con<. 

families, however, ilie cuftom iHll remains ; cvives to form the ttucft honour and greateft 

anvi it 1$ to be hoped th,ir the greater liody happinefs oi man. In the journey of immat^ 

of them which has lately prcvid^-d with in- hfet pic-ty and virtue fhoold go hand in hand. 

dividu.ds, and which has produied, as its Tlie aitainment of tlMrfe grr-iit ends may, in 

ficcrffary confeqiifncc, jufter fentiment*, fomc degree be pr«imuied by every one. 

will by degreirs in'io.iuce them inc- families ThiMigh we do not all poffefs equal abihty to 

in gcner;;! ; and thus rell«ire a cuitum ^^ hich inflrivfl or to amen«l, the exertions of none 

gave binh lo much of tlie zeal and a^fvi^y of ns will be entirelv ufelefit. Pnb'ic^tions 

of our ai.c::flor». In the mean time it de- of a religious and mnnl nature, tluiugli Ir^- 

ferves to be cnihdered by thofe to whom ferior in merit to many which luive pic- 

family-prayc r is habitual, whctler rarticular ced^ them, may, b'> engaging the attention 

pans of fcripture might nttt with pitjpnety of a diflierent fet of perfons, be pnKlu^ive 

be read on fuch occaftinis ; and whether this of real ginnl. The views which xhty fevc- 

pra6l tee would not contribute mudi to the raily exhibit may, by different degrees of 

piety and viitutf of the rifing. generation, underftanding, be regarded as peculiarly 

Were even (inging adiicJ, wliere the family confiftent with reafon and with foripture s 

wou.d admit ot it, this addition might like- and on its partictdat cljf o^ readeis, rach 

ivife prove beneficial. will produce itsapproprijte elfe6\. Viewing 

** it is readily granted that fume perfons, the matter in this light, the authoi- of the 

from education, and the poffelTion of iHher prfefmt attempt to ferve the canfe of fa^nily 
advanragrf, need lefs than mankind in ge- religior cannot believe himfelf de'^ittitu r.f a 

ncral, liie afiiftance whicli dcvolion fufhcient apo'ogv for its puhUcaiion He 
afibrds to virtue. But as there are noiVe to will think Itimfclf happy if, by thi> or aoy 
whom it w«dd be entirely ufelcf*, it (hfiu'd other me^n^, he can recal the wan 'ering 
be remembered by them, tliat the neglcCl tif thoughts of the cUiM nf ininKni.d.ty to their 
it is, in a certain degree, fniful. And it pro]'cr objedl, or Itenfh in ihe ptuus mmi 
Ihuu^d alfo be remembeied, that there are the love' and dignity of virtue, 

perfons in i heir families to whom it would • 

the more nfeful.-und particularly to ferv..nts ^55 77,^ ^,,^ .^^/ o.r(f.'U(,m uu:i AUit-'mx to 
whofe undeiftundings are lefs fuitivated, and tlu fi'ji ^ . .-/c/r 0/ .\h, Bofwell's Lite JT 
whofe motived to virtue, perliapf, lel» nu- J>. Johnfim. 

""'^he general prevalence of family devo- fC^''rU.eJfr,„^c!.LXIIL to^j.J 

tion would, no doubt, in cnnjundlum with ^^^ cannot (>nrlue a hetitr mode of 

other caufes, confiderably incitafe the virtue reviewing this enfcriatning and mifcel »- 

of the preferit.^g«s; and thofe f.imil'« which, neous pcrfoimarce ibao hy prc'totiig 

from a ot it> utility, coninhuie. by their our re^dt*^^- with fomc furber cxiraih 

practice and example, to the produihooof from the aildiiicntl ai tides. 


We have ihtiiy ti.aliriWi 
lo Mr. Lington ; ind ttia'i iciu 
fciv-a^rrcDiiti toiicfpoiiiJL'nit. 

"DeartrtSir, Ji-. 

" I miiA hiTC ifKieci] Otfn viij 
IB hi»e l»eii *wakeneil hj yim 
K«« of T<>i>r fufrni"!'- aie nut ; i 

»lu( ii 

i.ifl'i,m . 

r firft ktler "ill (.rii 


iRnis at 

" 1 Iwve ltf[ DfriMiiifikeipiiig, 
fare m.iJe ptefeiMs^if the eame iviiii.ti joa 
were plcdreU Ui fcurl me- I'hs |i>mUnC I 
gave til Mr. kicliarJfon [i ihe buftinJ in 
Dr. L:i>ie(ice ; aiid Il>e pnc 1 |iUceil with 
Mifi VVill,,im!, I.I 1« e;[en hy my(e]f. She 
defireMhfli her C(im|iltmenis and good wilhel 
niiy M oceepici) by Vie l.imiljp j and 1 make 
tlic lame reitiwlt li>i'.iny<iilf. 

" Mr. Keynci'iit lu& W4ltiui (lida few daf* 
TJifed liis price Id lw:nt>- giiineu > Ikio, ind 

kni.w not any body [elU] ivhul* i>rui|i«iitf 
hji eiicrcafeil fmce you lull [Item. 

" Murphy i> lo hjve tin OipLji: of China 
ntleJ nexi moiiihi unil ii, ilicrttore, t (up- 
pofe, happy. 1 iiilh I ionW tell you «( 
a:iy great gnod in iiliith I w.u .-.pproicH- 
ins, I""' at pre(cut luy jiroipetU do not 

* Mr.Garritk. 

1 Mr. Dntiney.iheAtnhDrof Cleoiw. 

7 Mr. SainuBl B.u.tec4loti, i>s,\«« A 


Review $/ New Puhlications. 

much delight mc ; however, I am al\v;.i7s 
pleafed wlicn I find ifiat yoii, il'^ar fii-,**ri- 
member^ )oui' aifc^oiiate humble tei \\.nr, 

Sam. John Sun." 

"Dear Sir,. T^waTiirS?. 

•* Though I might hayc cxj^cded to hw.ii- 
fiona yuu, U|v*n yo4ir entrance iiito a utw 
il^te of li!(t at a n»w pl;tcc, ym reco'.Iciflii.g 
^m)l wiihout fiinie Utfgree of fhamc][ that 
I owe you a letter uj^in an old account, 1 
thii]!^ it mv pan to wri:e firfl. This, iit- 
4et(!, 1 do not only f i om complaifance, hut 
Iroxn interel\ i for, Mvlng on in the old uMy, 
\ am vciy gl td^if a curiefpond&a fo cufvib'e 

' 9S yourfcif, ti» divcrfify the hoiiis. You have 
at pt efciit too xwixxy noveitws atwut you to 

'»eed jny help fi am mcto diivt; along yuur 

** 1 know not any thing more pleafanr, or 
ipore inlb'udive, tJian Co compare expei urrce 


of a violent death, wliich is more formid.ihle 
.V the firft glaiico, than on a nearer and m )re view. A violent death is never very 
p.iiisfjdi the only danger is left it flionld h« 
unpi-ovidcd. Bu', if a m*n can b* fupi>ofixl 
t4i nultc no ptovifion for death in war, '.vhat 
can \yi the rtatc that would have awakened 
hi-n to c!ie care of futuriiy ? nv'licu wiuild 
th It man have preprircd himfclf to die, w!io 
went to feck dcaili wiihout |>repjration ? 
What t'icn can be the re ifon why we lament 
moie him who dies of a wound, than him 
ilvit d es of a fever > A man tliat Lu.guiihc^ 
u'ih dtfeafe evMXi his life wiih m^»rc paiu, 
lull Hilhlcfs virtiiei he Icjves no ex.imple 
to his friends nor h-nueaiijs a-.y luwioiir to 
his defcendants. Th-; only rejfun why wo 
lavcit a tuldier*s death is, that wo think he 
might have hved loHgerj yet this caufe of 
grftf is common to many other of 

-••>■■■«.. M«m# •«,»«•«•• »ir «v*** I'd* W V^kk-^l l^iiV^ *' " '" •■••..•^ «#»l»w. I»itl%'^ l/» 

lUi cxpejdt Jtion, or to regider from time to *'*^''-l»» which ars not fo lulfionatcly be- 
ne the difference between idea.and reality, ^'♦iled. The truth is, thn every deah is 
' Itishy iliisku^ofobfeivation tlutwcgmw ^^o'<»'f> which is the erfe^ of accident; 
ilaUy kfs liabia to be d>fupj>oiiired. Yov», *^®'"y <J«a»h, which is not gradadly hron^hc 
who are very capable of antici{)ating futurity, "" .^X f'^® miseries of age, or when lifii is 
SHid raifnig phantoms before your own eyes, f xtirtguilhed fur anv other leaf'n than that it 
rouft often luve imagined tayourfrif an aca- ** burnt our. He tliat dies heu re fix'.y, of a 
demical life, and have conceived what would ?**^^ ^ confumption, dies, in reality, by a 
be the manners, the views, and the convert violent de iih ; yet his deatli is boroe witli 
Ciuon, of men devol«d toleueis; l>.w t!iey ratience only be.aofc the cufe^of his un- 

vrouM clioofe tlieir companioo^ how they 
would dire.H tlicir fludie^, jind hi<w thev 
would regulate iJicir livts. L:;t me kn.-v.' 
ivhut you expe^ted,9nd what yoo have found. 
At lead record it to yourielf before cuilom 

timely end is filent and luviiihle. Let u, en- 
deavour to fee things as they are, and then 
eiHiiiire whetlier we ought to compUia. 
VVliciiicr to fee life as it is will give us much 
ctHiiolaiitMl, I know not j bat (he confobtitwi 

ill ikes ftioi.giy (hould be delVnhed white 
the hrd impieilion remain^ fr«Ai upon cii0 

** I Ive, d^jarSir, to think onyo^i,and 
tljerefure ihiudd willingly write more to 
jiu::, but that ihe | oil will nt t now give 
me !cav9 to d>) m.'tie than fend my cum- 
|>l m«;n's to Mr. WaiUin, and Cell you th^a I 
9m, dear Ar, moltaAcdljonately, your very 
hi^mblc fei van;, Sam. Jo un sun." 

" f)c;<rSir, Srpt. ii, 17C8. 

*• r lh.)uld be forry to think il at what'en- 

your uioft huiwble fervaot, Slam. JoJiNso^ 

"Dear Sir, 0«>. 18, 1760. 

<* Yo^ tiiat travel about the woild have 
more materials for letters than I who ftay ac 
home; and fhould, therefore, write with 
frequency equal to your opportunities. ( 
lh»Mild be trt have all England furveycd 
by yon, if you wotild impar: your obfcrva- 
cions in' narratives as agi^eeahle as your lall, 
KnowJeilge is always to be wilhed to thole 
who cm commujiitile it well. Wlu'c you 

- , - — bavq be-n riding and running, and feeing tl»e 

l^rufles the a'U:ntio!i »)f my fnend fhould tQmbi of the leariied, and ttie camps of tlie 
Vave no part i-f nii'-.c. Vour mind is now Valjant, 1 h,tve only ft;iid at home, and in- 
full of tlie f;«.ie of Oury*; but his fate is tended to do great thingk, which I luve niJC 
ls»*, nnd nothing remams but*to fr>' ^yf- 9c:m« wei:t awajr to Cliefhiie, and 
rtjictiliui will fuggell to mitigate the terrors l>'i<s npt yet foqnd .his way haek. Ch.uul)crs 

'_ . . . _ P-^^ctl the vacauon at Oxford. 

" I am very finceiely felicitous fi^r tijf 
prefervatiun or cming of Mr. Langton's 
iight'; and am glad tkjtt the chirurgcoi> at 
Covpniry gives him fo much liope. Mr, 
Sh.vp is.of opinion that the tedious matura- 
tiun of tlie.catara^ is a vulg tr error, aiid-tliat 
,it roajf be removed a$ focin as it is formed. 

* Major-sieneial AIje^^aiHlcr Dury, of tlie 
Crft rej^iment of fror guards, whi> fell in i^c 
jpallaiU djfchaige of his diiy near St. Cas, in 

Ihewcll-known unfoi tiinateexpeditioDagainfl 
i'Vance, in 1748. His laily and Mr. Lang- 
ton's mother wtre Tillers. He left an enly 
Ion, hciUenanc-colonel Dury, who has a 
AMs/iany in the (iacne regineuC« 

* tbphwn Qcauclcrk. £f4. 


ot th^TOWD, ■ tnM wkkh Wt MBcH te- 
grttui, and <irluch,'ifUr ntnch CB<itiiif' 
w«i onlf to he (tppKid by' a dtticRe'i 

We lb>n not uke oor Ie..« of Mr. m* ru'Pife of 'limine uoflhip! f«rw1iictt 

Bofwcil, ilH «t ha.e »iin cxan.iDCu hi* <"•""- »» ^« "• Parliamtot hi) befli oM. 

!«w.., flcrcboule. '"■'^' ", '''^■'''" "^ P^^li '.u.> .w,^ ..d 

J aiiill>er tliiirth js now ereflini and acTtly 

re. 7*r B...TOL «,J /f«»,ff G«J,\ *.- 'i^"'*«J' '-1^ St. Pwl% in t-,c e.ll-n.le rf 

/<• «« m IMvii-l ^iHM/ if f^' nnHf-K l-'iiil-mJ-lqinnsj (he hi^iifrs in Ilii-^ f^usre 

«rf W«r 5/;,r ./ /4-r .fW.:;/ L,., ; a//. >"" l^'" I""')' '«5''". ^V f-n , .,f « hid, 

i«A, ^ lit Mtd^ii-^l iy-W. niukcb ''f.'^i° "^"'0'" '" <he!«Ij»njrtE gnmnd, 

iiadJ,dt lifjirifliut ff Cl IT ■"'■!. ,\^c~i.- witicliareiiiErwit iw.. 
Htari tf ^lijmltj, f'lacif:! S, 
. aadmhtr CurKfif ■' ' 

irlh;ll<it«tll, ihetiU'iiberof himl 

n.iR iiicmli 
; i^ftlitni -TibuiU * Mil (recftunc in 
.mill fuj>rrb mTiiier ; thefe reaJily fii.'d oc. 
Exptrlo trtJ* Ribirw t Wifoundihi) tiipiefs f urn (lie pe;iL toTti of ftr.ingei! 

GoitJc a vcr; plcjftnl i> well a, udful \i )i i ilailr amtr, aud w1i i, bciii^ 

Cumpaaion in a rific to Bfif.oi lall Au- uuli Hie Jeli.-.biful (iiu. ■ " 

nimn. Such a Manual iv a<.i tali:j- tri- H'" a"', make it ihnr 
"' " 1 lidt i 

tD-know, unlefi it b< 

»elitr would 


■ Mr. 
«:1 of 
— lee 




n and ilie Hauvl 
* from Br.«..i, ma. 
iKfled wiih ii J nil 
Ik<[c laiely builL 111 


). ihnu^h f.,n«erly 
' ii'ulKconrideieJ 
dilic hciu'i»r1w»-. 

• Iffajs«ilh-lia 
lime hy Mr- Liinp,!.. 

+ M:i. Slici-idai 
pn.«<. ..f Mifi Sy.'n* 
treai .nerit, alul uf 

r, liu 


, wiiiwnahoi 
I ri.,Tranl.ll,t 
. amhnr <if • 

ll:i: isl..Je i^.coo 
la woOium 5I (ler- 

ber ain»ii<r, J» Solnetl, Vul i. ji. 3jI 


Rniea •/ Ntw PubHtstitnt. 


ture to fay 889500, as St. Peter's, ColrOoo**, 
Afkl other holpitals, bcmq; public hiiiidings, 
are not iaclvidtd in tlie calculation." 

The ciadet), manufactures, police, liec. 
of this exten6vc city are nroperlv dif-' 
cufTcd ; and a particular dcicriprion it 
|rivffn of all the public buildmirs, paiti- 
cularly the churches, of whicn, bcfidcs 
the cathedral, there are 17; ard of 
tbcfe. Sr. Mary RedclitFe (vol. LXIf. 
p. 9) (lands proudly pre eminent. 

Tbe Caihtdral a!>«und« with fma!! 
marble ta'Otts of uncommon neainelb; 
and there is a h'ghly finiibed monu<nrnt 
for Mrs. Draper, the ceieUiaTid £! za 
of Yorick, with this cone fe infcriptiun : 

^ S icf ed to the memory of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Draper, 

In whfMti 

Gratitude and BciKvolence were itni*^ed. 

She died Aug. 3, 1 778, ajed 35." 

Another, io racmorv of Mrs. Mal'on : 

^ Mary, the daughter of William Slierm^tn, 
of Kingditn upon Hull, Efq. 
and wife ofche Rev. William Mafon, . 
died Match 27, 1767, aged aS. 

Take, boly Eanh, nU that soy foul hold^denr : 
Takethat bedgift w hichHeav'n fo laely gn v 

Oh \ let them in fbme paufe of .intruiili fjiy 
What zeal i; fpit'd what faith enUig'd hit 

breatl : 

How fi>on th' unfetter'd fpirit wingM its way 

From Lar.h 'o Hcav'n,fromblt/nig tobc blclh 

Tikis moiiimient is eredci', 

by fume incim.tte fri'nes of the dece:{rci]> 

;is a te(\imi>ny 

of his woaht atiil thcii* e(\eem.*' 

^T'j he t-on'inned ) 

In fomc vrry ciifOus (idcu(nrnX2> (temp. 
Etfw. 111.) of- -be A/l«v^'«)J. a:iC' of 
tbe roble lam lies of H'Wa d and Be-klry, 
JoH'\ Lord MJW^rly p( the Iflo of Axr^olme 
IS li)lrd •* lord alfo of the honour if jirrtit- 
hft A tl of Gower.** In fo:ne moch larcr 
dcrj;, thrre is memion of the tenants in 
yihyltrt >o • yth:niu, Q. vhich of the three 
voids in I'altct Is ilie proper oitbugraphy, 
a d wt ere ihr tlice ii (iiua:eo ? 

Clericus r;>-aks mail highly nf " An 
EflTiy en the*' printed at Cbuccfler 
iu 1787 : an'J «ri(hes tne le«rncd «uthi>r 
would iwdulge the world wi'h a nrw edition 
of it, Uf'On as cheap a pl*n iipolCilej 6el/ig 
confident fuch a mf<ifure would be at(ended 
with the ha|>i>;eil rfTe^l, nut onTy upon tV>c 
mrds of iho'e w*o a c frunii to oor Efti- 
biifliinent, bat of iht^le likewiie who have 

To Briftors foutit I h6n» wkh trembling wre fcpar„vd frwm our communion. Ai it is 
Her faded form ; ihe bowed to talle the vi^s^^ 
And died. Does Youth, doet Beauty, i^^l ihe 

Une? ^ 

Does fympathetic fear their breads alarm ? 
Speak, dead Maria! breatlie a f\min divioe : 
K*en from the grave thou (halt have power 

to charm. 
Bid them be chaOe, be innocent, like ther ; 
Bid them in Duty's fpbere as mrekljr move ; 
And, if fo fair, from Vanity a^ free ; 
As firm in friendfhip, and as fund in love : 
Tell them, though 'tis an awful t:niig to die 
(*Twas e'en to thee), yet the dre:ul path (nice 
Heav'n lifts its everlal\ing portals high, [trod. 
And bids the pure in heart behold their God." 

There is one aUo for Mr. Powell, the 
Comedian, which h.ii appeared in our vol. 
XLI. 468; and the following one, by 
Mifs Haonah Moore, on iIh: author of 
fume charming vetfes : 

" Sacred to the memory 

of the Rev. S.tmiiel Love, A. ^f. 

Fellow of Bahol College, Oxfotd; 

and one of theminor canons of this cathedral, 

who died i8ih Odwher, 1773, -igcd 29. 

When worthlefs grandeur fills th* emheU'fh'd 
No poignant grief at tetids the fable b:er; [um. 
But when diltinguifh'd excellence we mouni| 
Deep is the furrow, genuine is the tear 

now, the pi ice i<« too g>eir, to admit of an 
fxtenfive circulation am^o^H thr lo«er clftHes 
of people, for whofe ei^fic'ttion (hit YAiks \% 
admirably well calcula.eJ. P^rall;><, the So- 
ciety forpromdti) gCUriliian Koo^lfrfgr may 
take 'h*? hint; >nd. w f h thr P.opm to.*$ 
coi f- IV, f r'l't otTa lir^e editicn of this work, 
Ufon that mwd librral «od r«>*f •oiblc pl^'S 
whicn has bitberio d<lliocoilbcd all liieir^ 
pubhc4:>uns } In wl/'ch ctf , ihi^ fuofcnb- rs 
to ih«r charity, U'ty as well as clergy, wculd 
htve »n op;'onuniiy of furtheriug, m thr r>o11 
eiTe^ual manner, thetiue intere^s of R- 1 - 
gion in general, and o^ our Rrformec' Ct.uich 
in partiCuUr: in opiofiiion t*>the '^conniig 
craftine!s'*of Sc,)Jiritiltsand Enihuf^aA», who 
will evrr '* lie in wait to deceive" itteir 
wc«krr brethren, by their ** new fancied 
doSfi e»." 

*• An Admirer of Phyfical Cummunica- 
t:oii\" wilhcs 10 be irformc-i what quaatity 
of Tobacco is proper to be given in an emetic ; 
and the pro[cr prrp'rrion to dificreur iges. 
lie afki alCi fur iiformation of the IFteldt, 
who formerly poflTc-ntd the Ci»mmandery in 
Worrefler, avd were diflinguifhed for perio- 
nal beauty, ar.d praper y, in tnat co«tmy. 

HfMi>RU>t is rehrrcd to p. 70S ; where 
he will fine Mrs. Tliackeray. 

Qu. the p#fce of chcefc towards the end of 
Stranger I Ihould'ft Uwu approach this awful «^« ' 5'^ *«<* ^*»« beginning of the i6ih cen- 

ihrine turies } 

The raerits'of the honour'd dead to feek ; The View of St. Malo's, from our friend 

77!fe friem). the ton, ihechriftian, the divine, ". R's original drawing, in our next ; with 
Lettiwfe who knew him, \hoic Vihio lov'd Mr. Berx, &c. &c. ice 

him, fiuMk. ^^Q- 

Her UHint oilve Oall be fpreiJ, 
WhUa Aaaictn't inlnnata hnmd 
TbcirpimwiUily'JwiChEBilcleli blood. 
With Tiwn Hge, bUfph«n"T|, irf 
Tlicir iippuxK batile 'gainH iIm Ik]', 
Saf ,lh»ll Itriuiinii'i leoeroui font tmbriM 
la folds of utiitj Ih* hu-py rue, 
Or aid the rword tlut cowvd l\>rf nan, 

orphm'i te»R ! — 

But, tho' her mania) thunders fall 
ViiiJiilive o>i Oi-prcflion's hiiighiy creft, 

Awike to Pity's fu-.five call, 
Sbe rpr^Mlt licr bin:k.]ci u'er the fuffeiing 

breaa — 
Fr«n (eai tkil roll b; CalUj's foutliim.ft 
Jlccp, [dc«|>i 

Fr-'in ihe rich lOct Chat crown th' Ailan(ii:K. 
The plaintive fiElh il>e hean-felt groan, 
Arenafted to her Monarch'] Ihrutie ; 
Open to mere)', prompt Ti> fave, 
Mi» re*.'y oat ivei plough llie y.elilinE wave, 
The tmhlvj'? aim (^{jvage Licenhawe, 
Ajid pari the Tacred reign cf ffcedoni aiu] 
gf La*. 
•GssT. Mao. Jjnary, f7j^ 

V owt aiM reiMvca m unci cw)unwi>T> 

BETU'E&y the placinK of a Ud M collefe. 
And hii fird UHing fchool, ih inierim it 
Like rage of unba^'J cotlt, or emei d tide \ 
Tlw geniu), reafun, anJ 'he moral fenfe, 

Y itid to no coodfel I ml my young miller, 
AfHUafh — not boy 1101 mar.— jfTiuneithegdit, 
Drcli, front, airs, iiu) oaltii, of any cDxciiiitb. 

B&TWEEM the nooici of a lovely lalV' ' 
And the (Ud nu|<tiali, nit ihc ioMrint'i fpent 
lo gifu, " brMctecs of hiir, riagi, (xitdia 
" conceits, [lore," 

" Knacks, irifles, noft^ayt, vetfet of feigii'd 
Ami all ufliiieiy, liice a |ilc>fani dream : 
Bunds, ji)jnia[cf,niangafntefta<e<, are thm 
Laid bcliii'c counfxl; anU ilie rijlilni fwaD^ 
Suk of tl« (ormi uf dull aaomeyihip, 
Sulki s Uie fears o( Uilg'tiog diCippokilimtlli 

BETWEEN the e: 

ofilepuiini Eiiefli, 

n.all the interim in 
the tedioiu chaife i 

pieparitioot [hoft^ 

Are (beo in firfpenfe; ind the aK^w'^T 
Foi i ii Co imi \i^, ImAa^i \VtcvT ftt't 

^6 SiUff Poiirfi AntUnt and Modern^ fir Januwy, 1794. 

BETWEEN the filling up A TieMt Ml, 
And U)e fit It a^icjtmn, all the mcenm w 
Like a contefted piize, or ffeoe hard run : 
Incerell, connexioiii iervke, party, wtahh, 
Are all exerted ; and Che ftate ttiiniftery 
Like one hewUder'd, knows not which holy 
To choofe, or oot to cbooCe. [man 

BETWEEN the winning of a ferMOl ruhber. 
And the odd trick at nine, aU the kKmiii is 
Clofe as a pointer, hufh as dead of night ; 
The genius and the recoUeAion 
Are then ifi council ; and th' experienc'd 

Like one th'it treads on ice, fears, ev'ry round, 
His partner's next wrooB card w'dl bfe the 

BETWEEN Che opening of the overturct 
And gath'ring of the hand, th' interin is 
Like hum of bees before a fWarm ; th' organ 
9ounds the key-note \ the well-toii'd uiflttn- 

Tune and retime : "till the whole orcheilk-a, 
Keifkly, like raoks of armed fnldien, vratch 
The bow and SDOtkm of the firft fiddtei 
To ftrik* off ali at onoe. 

tike a keen a|^ite fet down to table t 
Wet from the prels, fcarce air^d, th' ivory 
mftrument [Jow, 

Open^ the pteafing leaves: and Mailer ShaU 
Like ibme Cond cliUd thai lacks % new play* 
Leers al Uie Poetry with wiftful eye. [thing, 




j|y Sir William Jones. 

HEAR how yon reed, in iadly-pleafing 
Departed blife and prefent woe bewaib-* 
'* With roe from native hanks untimely totap 
Love-warbling youths and foft-ey'd virgins 

mourn ! 
Oh! let the heart, by lital abfence rent, 
Feel what I fmg, and bleed when I bment, 
Wlu> roams in exile from his parent how'r, 
Pants to return, and chides each Ung'tUig 

hour I, 
My notes, 10 circles of the great and gay, 
Have hail'd the riling, cheer'd theclofing, day : 

Each in my fond atiedinns daim'd a part, 
BETWEEN the a£ling of a firft night's phy, But none difcem'd the fecret of my heart— 

And prologaiL(poken, the Ihort interim is 
Like an alarm., or beat»g up to arms ; 
Pit, boxes, gaUeriep, critics, friends, foes^ 
Muficians,aAort9 prompter, foine-men, all 
Are tlien in ferment ; Md the pale atbor. 
Like to a guiky citttora tf the bar^ 
Suffers the drnd lioraboding^ of tM nmrdcr. 

BETWEEN the eleAion for a rotten borough. 

Ami the ftril caovaist all the interim is 

1/ike a black ant-hill ftirr 'd, or Bedlam loos*d : 

Favours, « treats* pramifes, bribes, threats. Me, pkintive wand'rer from my peerlefs 

Are all in ofeas rival infthiroents [mobs, riots, maid, 

F(ir votes and interefl : and eaoi peay ale- The reed has fir'd, and all my foul betray'd. 

IaVa to a little hell,becon^ one place £hoolf, He gives Che bane, and he with balOim cures, 

OfuproaT) fighting, and equality. AfHidts, yet foothes ; impaflions, yet allures. 

[limb. Delightful pangs his am'raus tales prolong, 

BETWEEN the cutting off a gangrened And Latli's frantic lover lives in fong. 

And the Aril warning, altthe interim is Not he who reafonsbeft this wifdom knows | 

What though my ftrains and forrows flow 

■ combin'd, 
Yet ears are flow, and carnal eyes are blind. 
Free through each mortal form the fpiriu roll. 
But fight avails not i can we fee the foal }" 
Such notes breath'd gently from yon vocal 
frame : [flame. 

Breath'd, faid I ?^no : 'twas all-enliv'ning 
'Tis Love that iHls the reed with warmth 

'Tis Love that fparkles in the racy wine. 

Like a pale fpedre, ctr a dream of hell : 
The knife, the faw, and mortal inilruments, 
* Do murder ileep;'* and the woe-wom 

Like to a wretch condemn'd, fufferstlien 
The nature of an execution. 

BETWEEN the finking of a leaky fhip. 
And fird alarm, all the interim is 
I/«kc to a foit befiegM, or town in flames: 
1'iie ghadly crew, and death-ilruck paflen- 

Ears only drink what rapt'rous tongues dif- 
clofe ; [paim 

Nor fruitlefs deem the reed's heart-piercing 
Sre fueetnefs dropping from the parted cane. 
Alternate hope and fear my days divide, 
1 couiied grief, and anguifh was -my bride. 
Plow on, fad llreom of life, I fmile fecure % 
Thou liveft— thou, the purdi of the pure. 
Rife, vigorous youth, be free, be nobly bdld } 
Shall cluioG confine you, though they blaze 

witli goKI t 
Go, to your vafc the gaiher'd main convey ^ 

Fly th' inefFe6hial pump ; *till In a moment, What were your ftores the pittance of a day | 
L'ke to tlie mighty deluge, the i.dt flood New plans for wealth your fancies would 

O'ci wijclming daflieswith one horrid (hriek. invent, 

" Into the fatal bowels of the deep." \ et fliells :o nowrith pearls, mud be conter.L 

The mnij, vviiofe robe Love*s purple ari'o.vs 
B?* r WEEN the re:iJipg of the Mapiln**, i wul, 

A.if' It: arnv^l, jiU the interim is Bids jv'ricc rfft, nnd tolls tumultuous end. 



JUg'fmfi^im MiUubfUf fir Januarf, 1794. 67 

BOif hm^hmi^ttm tenoT mSkA 

Mi: iW*^ Mite 
mjftjl^fiii^ nqrftic tet 


l&TMHAft W«&0^ ^ttl. 1^. 

fOi Hi aairiv ^.^HftTSiiuit, 1794. 

And^ wbM JM «i% w» pdbb itt ftil 
Boc ftfll W9 iHB vnHTf ttHK pnift im? teas 
»wb . 7 ^ fa«iWt. 

Of pnini BoMt ffatoit bt bai Mi foil Mrty 
B«taMmMkiifMlfti|iit liittvwlDMi 

For Ml tn*baft dHiiMtiiiii^ team not a 
Mr,WMfMM«^ Wfilii^vtMnkfip coiMhi. 
any Mttai hw a m^ s Im flOTM boI inMnty 
TTit liiiwai Mil hii rtiamli, ttw atwli of 

A ani lilDi hii aKlwr% M food and M graai* 
laoir|blta«Mirai'd BhiicaiUaof UIU 

(pi Miil«» wte fttam itgrnM far Uiii 

tUam cukfk thoa pull bfth) ; 
I te him •■ploy'dy » has fire WM before fiHiiy 
Vol in rahaog or fiiiibliii|9 or diitilLii)| and 

raarinc; [pelf, 

Waft ongafing his tmwy and his care and htl 
To niaiu each one as happy as be is himfelf. 
Araood his foil' board ftt the Virtues and 

Graces, [diearfiil faces. 

Aod waicefs thMSelfos have fcarce lefii 
aare, d^ is a fifht RUffhC enrapture a king : 
01 corns Uidiy grsat George, and thy fwcec 
. oonfint bring. [burn, 

lar, oooid royal breafts with low jeakmf^ 
Xwm nrighl losah yoor St. James's, wliene'er 

yon recum* J. J. 

By Mils Locks. 

AWAY, ye gayer fceocs, away. 
The fmilia^ mom, tlie garifb day ; 
Vaoafli, thoo blazing lamp of lif^ht, 
Aod bring me black congenial KighC. 
Eovdop'd in h^ gloom, I love 
Ibrougb long refoumling ailcs to rove : 
Beneath the dome then he redin'«l^ 
Aod Itel it tremble to tlie wind ; 
Hear the wide fcatter'd fnigmcnis fall 
Pram rifted arch, or cnimHling wall ; 
Vrliile Maitnefs, in fantaftic flatc^ 
iJoconfcious 0/ imjfending fsH^^ 


BMoaah tha Mit'rfaig n^ flt^ 
And lasvbs, and WMps, and nnCh by fits I 
Bans to ibi winds bkf gbaftfy form, 
Aad oonrti tba horran of 4be ft B ra i> 
Ah! white with dnrim Ibpg f fffsfl* 
Thalb anrfa manfions of the dead, 
whm DMiaoni pBaMi arraii wtf ifcti , 
WhaibaclMag^ote">f ^>MMrepatfl .". 
Theycaafoi adaaai-llkaitaaearrianki 
Flraaiiiig tbo bl6od widdo aqfYiiM. 
In Ibis fTMC world aaaialsMf ' 
Of ax* IbiMfi^i, aMM dybig gravi I . 
To thandai^ ran I Aon Ara owih, ihax% 
Wkb ai^ iNod M filMt bnak. 
Hioce let mo balbt ihl wWiarftrl 
Horror, Dtfpiir, voA Daadi, ve i4pii 
For in yon vala, whan biMMl ^§991% 
Drink, and raiabi Ni^ fickly dMfi, 
wnero ma grepn pooi, ■^§in wnn fvaMp 
Half choak'diritb watfa d graft a nd iml^ ' 
lAttudB wUB thick air wkb vspoars hNh^ 
WbaroaSlitlia kilC.iMiafa 4iricl|iilif owty' 
1([h ari Sncid^ m gito datpi^r, 
Wkb borriad taaM, and nawa tS^f 
OrafM fiiil iba ftaal^taaraDiaM ktmk 
waay Hi ftenr aya-bafti ran I 
And natr ba bwi,mh1 btaiilbagMM^ 

Mi afopHi wall jov HHOiy% ' 
Amdmwba^'hiiaiMvilpit . 
A nan hhtj. pm id fpnsa asiow. 
To imMaDcb^aaiiMna aodM ^wt,^^ 
IVbtta bi yipn davanr siMpQi pronMM, 
Wbafii vaiki wkli,ciiaiUi« chaidr faibdiidi 
Of ttdoi; onelaaB tbi datkiteda, 
Tha cnrlmg fiiako, cha loatMunie toM, 
DweUs Horror, with a rolBan brppd: 
Luft, Rapioa, MorAer, drench'd v^ Wood* 
In heaps the mangled coriSes He. 
The fimia of gora afcands on h^h, 
Tha ravoii paufes on his W3|y, 
And feeots wkb joy hte deflii^'d prey. 
Whjtt founds tarriflc ftritpe mine ear f 
What Ihriekf, what dying groan*, I hcar# 
Of bear ma from focb fcenes away, 
And bring me briglit eof^panial day. 

Come then, thqo nymph qf fprightly metig 
More boauteofis than the PaptfiMi queen, 
In all thy animated glee, 
Conae bloomingi yoong, EopbroTyno. 
While Exerpife, with fun-bomi fece. 
With qervous limbs, and manly grace, 
Rnu^*d by the joy-infpiring hounds, 
Feiirltfsly 0'er each barrier bonnds, 
Scnnser to Difcord, Care, and Pain^ 
Tlie lappv fon of plan's traipi 
€om9, jolly Racchos, ivy crowned, 
Ar4 let the fparkling plaU go round 1 
With feftive dance, and joyous foog, 
xVafc the Cw>ft-foot^ houn along. 
By t^ dim taper's fickly light, 
t>et the Sage wa(\e the tedious night ; 
And, ruruing o'er th* hif^oric page, 
Th? wifdom glean of ev*ry :.^e ; 
But you, who baAi \n"V\e^Wt,H tk^ ^ 
live (o enjoy ihs ^ttle(& ^<x^ \ 


68 SeM Poiiry^ Mtiiiu and AIMir*, fir J^nvary, 1794; dull mortals fear to-morrow^ 
You have Doucht to do with forrow. •. 
Tlien let me ihart your jollity^ 
And follow gay Eaphrofyne. 
But, ah I when rofy youth is fled. 
And Time ha« iilver'd o'er my head. 
Say, will flie ihea iier pow'rdifplay» 
And gild with joy lile't dofinsdaj I 
Ah I no, (he like tlie world will prorey 
And (tiMttf when mod I need her love. 
Adieu to all her fleeting clianns* 
A nobler theme my boioxn warms. 

Come, fober Eve, in meckne£i dreft, 
Pai-etit of Aleocei pcace^ and reft : 
And then, with eyes uprais'd to Heav'o^ 
With (lately pace, (edace and evea. 
Pride of Wifdom, fcoro of FoUy^ 
Sacred, mufing, Melandioly : 
And thou, fweet fongftrefs of the oifiht* 
Who Ihun'ft the bufy glare of lights 

Philomely tlw drains prplongy 
And calm my (arrows with tliy foog* 
For thou, fwect ^d) perhaps, like me. 
Had felc tlie pang^ of mifery ; 
Pert^aps, unfiiaoded and fork>vn, 

N ad' figh'd through life's di(adrous mom ; , 
Mine wore the garb that April wears^ 
A little fuoQiiri^ oumy tearF. 
Here fafe within thishallow'd Ihade^ 
Which forward Guik dares not invadc« 
With Melancholy let m* dwell. 
And bid tlie bufy world £uv»'el'« 
What though, within this Galn^ retrttft 
The lieart with joy no mote may beat^ 
Yet treachV(.u;. Scandal comes not liere^ 
To draw from Beauty's eye the tear. 
To rend that heart will) throbbing woeSy 
Where Truth and Innocence repofe. 
Let the prefumptoous fons of Pxide . 
My unambitious choice deride t 
Tlicir gilded domes, thattow'ring rife^ 

1 never v;ew with envious e) es. 
Alone, udfeen, 1 love to love 
Through this retir'd umbrageons grove. 
Where fcarcel^ breathes the whifp'ring tf iad^ 
And all confpires to fill my mind 

With mediratiot'is calm and l)oly« 
B<^coming ihce, O Melancholy. 
To thouf hts that h.irrow up the (bulj 
To mirth, imp.ttient of Lootronlf. 
Gladly L bid a lad farewell, 
yvith thee alone I mean to dwell, 
Pride of Wifdom, (com of Follyt 
Sacred, raufm^, Meljuichuly. 

StcTpU ylfiw, Jan, 7^ I794• 

HOW. long beleagiiei'd llion*s tow'rs 
Withdood Achilles' baffled might. 
How He^r fmote the Grecian pow 'rs, 
Wl)i!e the (hritl trumpet rouz'd the Img'rmg 

Ifow Agamemnon's mging hod 
Their foes with force and fraud aflall'd { 
VV. \\tTy Tn>y*s unguarded fort, 
Mad'rlu^ by dratagem; wl>ere valour fail'd ; 

What Hannibalf what Cxiar uied^ 
Themidodes, or antient Rome ; 
To fpread their, m^rtiil glory wide, 
The fons of PhoBOus only can prtfumc 

In flowing nombers to rehearfe. 
Their favour'd poets' brows around, 
Th'escuhing goddeflfes of fung 
Cadalian wraathii ths vine's ripe tendrills 

But Ti by far too weak to mount 
' Dp deep FarnafTus* forked hill. 
No waters from Aojiia's fount 
Wit h thefe unhaUow*dlipsam doom'd to f will : 

Hoarfe is my voice, and faint my lyre, 
ScarcA can thefis fipgers make it found ; 
Incapable of foaring higlier^ 
I fmk di(inay'd, and crawl along the ground. 

Homer's tranfcrndent pow'rsof fong 
Olympic Jove's bcheds relate, 
Bo^v Greece aveng'd her monarch'^ wrong^ 
And Paris' lud was (boarg'd by ruUiledi fate. 

Let Virgil, in majedic drain. 
Tell how the Melt immortal pow*rs 
Wafted th;it Phrygian o'er the main. 
In Latium to re- build Dardania's tow'rs. 

In Pindar fee a bard of fire. 
The gods his dithyrambics grace : 
TibuHus' drains breathe foft defur: 
StiU in CatuUus blooias fair Lelbia's fKe. 

Thefe glorioos Tetrarchs of the Mufe 
Ttieirdue precedence gain from time. 
Wilt thou, O ZoVlus, ref^fe 
Inferior bards the wreath their merits claim ? 

On merit fnuU fmali praife attends. 
Nor is that labour cad away. 
Which at Minerva s altar bcnJs 
With didant homage o£ a feeble lay. 

» _ 

Better to hobble as we go. 
Than to be number'd with the deail : 
If we exert ourfelves, though flow; 
He watch'd, and was indudrious, 'twill he faid. 

Should Critic tliink thefe gairbols wrongs 
His furious weapon let him draw i 
My iiwo aninfement in the fong 
propofi^g, 1 renounce his drifter bw. 

What if no Wedem regions h'jar, 
AnJ )'d Aufonia difreg:u'd, 
Yet France, my country ever dear. 
Will in Doletus hail her favour'd bard. 
Jai. 23. t. L. 

Eft wndus in rebus, ^c. Ho 1 . Sat. I. 

UNBLEST tlie heart, for ever lock'd in 
No mirth can raife, no focial joys delight ; 
Alike OMbled the hearr, for ever gay, 
Whofe iboughtle(s. year:, deal unimprov'd 

Between tli' extremes a happy medium lies 5 
Join mirth with fcnfc, be merry, but be w fe. 


Uldcfi aftOit furfMfwMp : 

Oa tbe UiMfMft't ripiA ning, 
■wib to the rock ttM wrecki ire txcno 
Tbe mck, wberc ncrtr (mil'd lb* nndant 

On iu Hinly ^t tiisT dafh, (Spiing. 

Bulgins Willi I fuTful cntti : 

Hippier thola ihe (u sotomb'il 

Than thefe lo linj'ring mu'ry doom'il. 

Whom Fsmme fciiei fnr her pioy, 
AnJ Oowlj Otifi [b> ftfntglMit '^ »*'»J' 

Or Dull Ibe iwl o'er hirren lanili, 
Defem Jrear, and huniiiig lands ? 
Where tbe vciltino ■^ fl^ming btid 
Tilli ihe awe-drwk fouL uilh iJieaJ: 
Wbeo it »oroii! lifuUI fire. 

1J», Fancy, ro, flie lord to fport 
In gay TTialia'x cnmic coun : 
There her siry numbenfings. 
While fhe lightiy [wee|H Iha Arill|^ 
JocunJ, eafy, unen.finV, 
I.e^vii:g tiaggiril c:ire bMiiaJ. 
To a Inliier MuCe Sclwg 
Tlie ETKts oF tite tnE''^ '^'OG ! 
M ne, ft-DiD Ihecradlerjlhetumb, 
Stri<«( lijilinipue thefkioin: . 
Than^li nor llcilhil nor [ublicne, . 
She c.n Cmooth ihe brnw nf Tmds, 
Chirtii liiifnrobrniuduwnaivair, 
And With Ihe uju.m miciuic* play. 
Sijr, Funcy, can 1 t«r chufo 
A tngie (heme for fkKh a Mufe f 

IP Siha Paeiry^ Jmitm mt MAnt^ fir Januarj, 1794. 

ODE TO E Q^U A L E T Y. By H. (V. [Majm Wallbiu] 

^2 Q^AUTY ! what charms confeft 
JP^ Thy frpient fons ihill render bltl^ 

Sweety vrfomxing^ foltowsl 
When chey, mod ikilliil on the toachi 
Shall be rewarded full as jiiuch 

As tbofe — who blow the bdlowt. 

When luuTet) in novel fyftems bold. 
Mote fabulous than Greeks of old} 

Shall civic s^rlaods ihed» 
And» robbing Virtue of her fome» 
Decree a more than Sfatum name 

To thofe— who thieves were bred. 
When fKAch and ffdrh^ in doll debatt% 
Shall fix on mnw fw w nw and weights^ 

And cut the land in f^u^a ; 
Making King Mat gulp dowathe cheat. 
And, fingliog for themfelves the wheats 

Shall leave the herd the tares. 


When all that's profligate and bale 
Shall >oin in irotktrfy eosbraee 

(Whom elfe can it be fitting ?) 
In national diftin^ioo dreft d. 
And take, amidft an adder's neft. 

The '< bomitr ^ u fittimg .•" 

iSsvear that they Truth alone adore. 
And Reafon-' ^iMv<r lurw* beftre}'^ 

Religions forms decry 'ds 
But, as both idols muCt'refufe 
To lafi^fy tbeif* rigbteom views, 

They'*U both get kick*d uiide. 

When every work of Art and TaftCj 
By factions dnk^goguts bid wafte, 

Shal by the wwieow weal 
Be feiz'd upon as public wealtii. 
And rulers ceafe fo live by ftealrh 

When — nothing 's left to fteaL 
With lives and property to fport, 
When tyrants (half //r^? a court 

fjiccmftr, judge^ smi jiayj, 
Whole hl(K)dy fentence none (hnll fave 
But thoTe who impioufly brave 

The very ikies with fury : 

Vo piifon Innocence (ball dear, 
Bnt Murder fweep with proud career 

Honour not let to live ; 
The tear of Pity muft not flow, 
Greatnefs have nothing to forego, 

Or Charity to give. 

When waririen no more (hall Meed, 
But, from all debts and dutia fineed. 

The burden on mtfi** backs 
ShaU all be biken off 1 and they 
Who have a head wherewith to pay, 

Shall pay it with — the axe. 
When a kiiid-hearted king and queen 
Shall pen(h by the Gmllt^Uuf 

And (hew how *« Revolution 
(With ihem, whofe every aft would ftain 
Caligula's or Nero's reign) 

Intprwct a ConJIitutiw.** 

When harmony and fimg divine. 
When every (ifter of the Nine 

With haflen'd fteps (batl fbUow, 
Kfik ruthleft ntfans, turn by turn. 
Shall every page of Science bom. 

And pm/wrrze jffoffo : 
Whpn iron laws'ihall interibe. 
Nor let a man his offipnx^ rear, 

Connexioiis rent afunder ; 
And each artificer (hall &id 
The little he would leave behind 
. Shall all be fwept— as/Ami^r ; 

When Penitence fliall ceaie to moiini^ 
And when (as murd'roos engmes borne) 

The bells no more (hall ring 3 
Devotion be afraid to pray, 
Or David's F(alms to fing or (ay f 

Vor-^Dmjtd vhu a Hug : 

No prieft in decent veftments closub^dy 
All (acraroental co m f o tu looth'd. 

The chalicaand the cop, 
Muft, on the tocfin's wum/y found. 
Be well fecreted under ground, 

Or-— be deliver'd up. 

When Enterprize no more (hall roam. 
But Idlenels, benurnVd at horoe^ 

Shall know nor ftip nor fsilor ; 
When man ihall waUL with naked breech. 
And all the poor (for who'll be rich ?} 

Have Nature fior their tailor : 

When it (hall be each patriot's lot 
To pay for nekher barn nor cot. 

But,' in all forts of weather. 
Like Gipfies wand'ring up and down. 
Each night at dnttfcratcb out a town 

To fnore and Itink together i 

When they who, *with tranfcendent mind, 
WouJd raife themfelves above their kind. 

And thofe like fnails who creep, . 
ShaU (having Uv'd or lU or weU), 
When they (hake off this earthy (bell. 

Be doomed to— '< emllffi Jktf /'* 

Tbeft are thy joys, and this thy plan. 
Great auHior— «f the *« Bighit of A^/** 

Thrice happy at invention 1 
To (ludy thejB, lo I vultures meet^ 
And each t4ntali\cjaeJkdmv greet 

VVkb— «< honourshle memtiom:* 

Prste of Olympian fports and games. 
And to mew follies give old names. 

Wage war againft the times , 
Though neither days nor decades e'er. 
However they reverie the year. 

Shall culeuder* their crimes. 

Surely, that natioa whidi exceeds 
So far in foul and bloody deeds, 

juftice muft overtake her ; 
And thofe, ere long, be made to feel 
The force X)f Heaven's avenging fteel, 

Who now deny their Maker. 

• CallendcTf means to fmooth, or glofs over ; though the aUeratkm of the Flrendi Car 
lendai might have juftified t pun upon the word. 


Mt. LXIJ.p.tie 

I uir^vn rtSCBDIinn a* -r>a VATfONAL COMVEKTIOK « 

" VBAIRI, a«teMf/iB<Ml.LXIJ.p.tieT. 

of t. Alkw Hw flrftflf 1 

M M&lAiUharMkDDtdF 

rh in ftMK«, oriabareolaD 

ifr ). Ko Soclifli BvchadAb ftd te taf 

Mi wiMdintDFnMi,«rtla<BlMM^h>lwk 

«( FraodiTCU. 

5. Tto d«ki in n hin ■ frafc wrt« 
tmrdw ItapuUk, 


bl* R^Mtof B«Tm QMd ba arnM, M« 
ttD iiwt»i hitii rhi tffcOTl^iw^ 

£9/. ij. g i li fli— ^ wba liAdid ia 

*— "WpitftDibi*ai*. in ft pMidaa, ftMd, tktf thv Ib4 alwm 
ite • brgw b- GDoduaail tlxviMfw Ilk* aood dik«n 1 
ka |iMB la Hm Ubcft who thef baoBd ln«a u 
— Rdtmi 10 I 

14 ru h ^ ii ^;i aiaa a » axdwaed, tint 3afc$. 

ihiWi|iiilllii ■>Miali%iil BO pwtaH la £t(.»4. TtMKmAH-orWK-MaoBi^M!, 

■kackanaMTcfRMbi te aTCkkaBi. tint dwExccWiTa C«gncil had appoiMai 

tiwmiaamitiiM— Om. Joonlia toiha toaunqdef.tliawn* 

|.*11afvaf diBKIhapi AoaU ba rfihaHcmh, ncMttrlhanaMndorGa- 
iaAndtateoolbru. BHil Hoochafdi (hnml Fanaol ta (ba 

IL *■ TIiK iha Efitoml Vkan lIunM comoMMl of itaa«nr of tba ArdcsMti *a> 

ba ftypra fcl , wi a panion gf iioo linw oait bf tha pnaMMknaf jgordMit OwanI . 

■naailM tbMitUltliajftudihaoaalutad MaMlotlie conamd J tbaamr«r Clia' 

w a Can^i ,mi, U tttj laAA it, Umv KUd^ inlbtroaoiaf GMitnlUnilranMo^ 

peafinw va ut zmte. Jifplaccd | and .GeiKnl Mmeiu ta llM caai- 

III. " Ko perliin in the raotipt of a pen- minil of ilie irrny of tl« Morelii, Taciat bf 

fina IhaU bav* tha bandit of Uia Itcead ihe lemovilof GcmnlScMibbiire. 

Hlid» The Uiniflcr rubmitteri Ibds ippoint- 

IV> " Tha penfiuDs thM bt piUt wlien menti to ilw ■ppccAucion of tba Mitlan^ 

A«, and D«t in advince." Conventioi 

Sift.ii. CompkuDli were mideapinft SeTCral mernbEn tcflilM their aftonifb- 

naflawprec^i of.rhahbricauon of fiia- Beraihac (o miny Gen^rali Iboalil be Ait- 

anof. whicb lannl Memken ttWtushl inliC- placed and replacei], wkhoul tha Hiniftcr 

frntUAj nacaBMy far the aanihiutiou of the gidng any realoD for lo iSainf;. 

vilalaaltadtMCacibiMilDefpott. After ftune debate, llwAfltmbly decreed, 

Collec d'Haitott pva it as hi] opinion, that, wlwoever Mliii(ler< Ihall iMRiiiuie nr 

that ill fbrB of armi woiilJ sifwer chat calh'cr Ofticerr, ihey {halt give in their iva- 

porpofe ai well aa inoflceQ. " ReeoUefl," foov tor iloine fo. The CommiiU* iif Publre 

hft he, " the fubliioe anfwer oF 1 Larnle- Safety (ball make a tepnn Cii-niurron' '•» nil 

raooian matron to ber Con, who campbined thefe poiiiit, aiiO llie ciu(e« of thele (barsel 

of bis fwonl bcins too <hon, " W)iy, mf and pnimuiiont. 

fan, adiance bai one ftep bnher, and thy Tiia M>niAei* nf War announced, that he 
fword wiJl Ai I" hi entlimen, adwanes lilce- had appcii teJ d'Aubigny ai fecond in corn- 
wife but one (tcp fjrtltcr, and daf|iutilni will inand in th^ army of Ihi Nnrlh. fiuureon, 
lie conquered at your CeeL" Bill^ud, and othen, f.iiJ, Mat thii d'Au- 

Banere made his report an iliE N^vlja- bieiiy wa< a nocorimis ctieai ; and tliGf 

(ioo Bill : after which the foilowne articlcf wilhed to denounce the Miniller for recom- 

were decreed : merTilIng fuch a fellow. Ordered that a re- 

I. All trealiet oF cunmerce and naviga- |Kirt be made nhtihir d'Auhlgoy is ilia 

tion, esiDing hetwern Frjuce inJihe puwen fHme man who Aols ic-,o"o livm from Ilia 

Willi which the is at »eace, :h;ill be execnitd TMiilleriiA on the itili of Anjnft. 

acconliag tu tlieir rcmiur, witixnit any iu- Scf. it- SI. Aii.iic, in tha luine of tha 

fri'jenieai fioni :1k iTcfcol fliiiee. CumiriiWe of Public Si'etjr ; 

jt PrHHtSngs 9ftbi NatiiHd Cmvmi9n in France. [Jsn« 

<'Citinm» y«m have beta tndignaiit K feteA iillillS.*^They ere too WWHtuwi 

bearing of the horrible tmafaa ol the TfVlo- aixl their aomber ihouki be curtailed, 

nefe \ you will not be tefs fo ymjniai jaa hear Meafures have been taken to re-organife 

how the Englifli condoa dmnfelvet in that Che AdflrtnilkraKive todifei which hkv« been 

dty. The* news which the Commicnre has guifrenod bjr domiiitieo. 

juft received will make known ro yoa the Above all, your OooHiiittees are enifiMkyed 

real charaAer of thoTe EngtiOi, wlio daM to in f«cttitatin|[ ihe promfyt exectftien Of y^nr 

affufoe tlie title of Philofophen. docreas, oo n i i l i eed that the ft riA execution of 

<< What follows is wrioen from MarieilleSf the laws conftkuttstbe energy of government. 

by an agent of the Committee of Public Sucharttfie views of the Committee. If 

Safety, dated September i8. ' they are fupporTed by the Convemion, the 

" The Englilh and the Spaniards, to the Eoglifh will foon be convinced that French - 

number of 50001 occopy thit forts and tfie men are as Wave as themfelves, and fcurn 

advanced pods ; tlie iiucrior guard of the to conquer by the aid of corruption. They 

dty is confided to the inhabitants. There is will be convinced that tlie fate of Carthage 

m tlve city a military tribunal, cempofed of im|iends over their proud capital, wlwfe 

Englilh and Spr.Diards. This tribunal plunges head nmft foon be bowed down to the duft. 

Che patriots into dungeons, and afterwards .The National Convention unanimoofly de* 

embarks them, we know not for what def* creed, that the Committee of Public Safety 

tinatioo. We reckon the number of thefe had deferred well of their country, and were 

victims at 800. Pierre Bayle, Reprefenta* worthy of the implicit cortfidence of the Re* 

tive of the People, hasjjjbeen found ilrangled public. It was decreed alfo, tliat no other 

in his prifon? we know not whether he Committee ihould bear the applicatidn of a 

has killed himfdf, Or has been (acrificed by Commirtee of Public Safety, and that the 

tlie monften who confined him. His col- Committees in the felons and departments 

lepgue, Beauvais, lives in the midft of ihonid in future h# named Committees of 

alarms ; be is every ioilant threatened with Vigilance, 

death. Sept, 29. BriObc wat deiUnmced by thofe 

Tlie fame citizen writes, Sept. 19. ^ The oolonifts who have taken refuge in France. 

£n{(li(h are ftill matters of Toulon j but the He and his adherents, fay they, have reduced 

people (hew figns of difcontent. The corps St. Domingo to iu prefertt deplorable date, 

of feamen have formed themfelves into a bac • He by his falfe philofophy indoced the blacks 

t.iltoifV and are ready to fall upon the £ng- to revolt, he protectml tlie plots and ma- 

Lfh. Trogolf and Puiflant are §ill at the ncBovres of the Royaliits, ahd by his emlo- 

head of the felons. One of the motives giums on Blan6heland fcreeiied the crimes of 

which coocribuud to the delivery of the that confpirator. 

port of Toulon to the enemy, was the pre- Legiflators, the true fituation of St. jyo' 

ference which the wxxrkmen gave to money mingo has always been concealed from you ; 

over alTignats. The fame interedcd motive would you wifh to be informed of it, read 

may vt&QTt Toulon to the Republic; for the writings of Briflbt, aiul reafon upon 

tlie workmen begin to aik, who will pay us them, you will arrive at the truth. The 

at the end of the month ? We have b^en af- Republicans of St. Domingo have taken two 

fared that all the trade of Toulun ha^ been pair of colours from the Roynlilts and from 

difembarked, and that they have difarmed tfie rebels of thK rfland. The one difplays 

the Juno fiigate in order to augment the ar- the National colours becaufe it h^ been 

tillery." previonHy taken from onr troops, and the 

Sff*. 28. Bilhud Vnrennes addrelTed the rebeL>, after having etfjiced the woids Vhie 

Convention in the following words : U Liherti, lubfbtmcd ViV9 U Rof, On the 

I do not believe that any one among you, other is infcribed in Arabic an invocation to 

Reprefentatives of France, will be of opinion, Mahomet. 

that the explanMions we have juft heard Every tiling proves that the colonies were 

have wafted unnecefTarily thofe moments influenced by the Koyalifts, and ihat they 

which nre confecrated to the Republi".. De- fought on the fule of Royally : but-all is not 

feat has been repaired by prudence, and dif- yet loft |-n tliat pait of tlie Republic ; the 

grace by wifdom. patriots are very numerous. Legiflators, 

Know th.1t yoo have formiJable am^iee, one method is left to reftore to St. Domingo 

which will no louj^er be enervated by dif- its former fplendour. We demand tiut the 

fenlioo and divifion. Know that your fleets tiial of Bnlfot and his accomplices may 

ate preparing, even at the moment I am Speedily take place ; that we may be armed ^ 

fpeaking, to iiiAiA a terrible vengeance on formed into regiments, and lent to St. Do* 

Great Britain. mingo ; and you will foon learn that the 

Your Committee of Public Safety has de- Spaniards and the rebels are vanquiihed, and 

termined to .ittack Rome in Rome herfelf. thH St. Domingo has recovered tranquillity 

0:te hurdiird men are ready to atid profperity. 

mjke a dcr«:ent upon Great Britain. The petition was referred to the Cmi- 

Yottr Coir.miitee has «lfo fixed their at- mittee cl Colonies, with orders to make a 

tcjHiuti upon tbc CoaamUUoiKn in tlie d.f- f 'K>ccdy repoit on it; contcnif. 


i^n ]» LOnrf Biit 'a rapnn with cniwnof Pnlini]. ami JemimlEiln to)|tM 

ipjyia MlhaaMMbAfaM «f all fuBli pro- lailwelunge, whilv «re. rcmemhetin) i; • 

•MKr' jwf t*«t lg f1% M W W Wongrt W r-a* &mv»i«i. perAlled n it hv e»»ript«! 

Am ttbfaa* •<.Ak'.eaA«MaMP«w*t*, n(Mreiu.«iAns ; fat;^ itnt btlii| ^U* W (d> 

lb* rapacrd JwnW-i li iha O t( tlwa A- 

f wU hl aJ, iviia Inf dHtmfed tai^ in Ihi ft ifn* 

'of -the wholi liKliraa iniai ffia fwnra ictiel* 

•r n* VtSn CMlrtu;^ wiih r^ii4 is (ha 

ftcM^lm la Um tf|pM^ wa~ob«T>d hiih* 

MijtlKif dec11^«rill; wB ar* Fairaa.'«4 

mat fiKba ftop, wiiirii liaii dm in r«w our 

pnWuJ adtttojia, or itut of oar fMJU, 

MUM t* inir«Ml M uft-i^rui^ bar, u 

ttalOidiit atjaOiafdMibiiw OtH, >aA«^ 
or lilt Mfiv«, ll» braoEta fla ipMcA dif- 
j|AHt'an«MrIUpihlic OaAKMCanm«« 
rtwnlfe, whhtMtnnfmt of ibcStmrtiynv 
aA«nbledi thn ftwn tbli ti^e. k OaU mC 
te Liwful' aiibar Or n w oar fcccaibn, 
okhnu the eanAiit ef ih* ftgpuMic, to *ia> 
*•%» or^aikib d^ fa i i awaBUl law of ;ha 

SiuUi/m. A coB^'mwr apuBlt tfia Ch^ 
trnnait hi) jaft bean ' at^oiTH. In 

aBMVUaaKivi faanmimKBaiwHica TwnniBni n» jun dbbi u4:o«ar»ii, in 

Iha Cogr^tiaB i n cr aa^- that piianm toA cMbquenc* of whMi difcnvon, tJ-a R^ 

■an^tbahoawrtilaala mitnMni Hut gmmMm SttnUritntoVrM iavetal par* 

faa fea^4tMU hti-immfti to tha Raich Cn 

VMthavii t»n4 lU ttai*w.n)*BMUba i« 

award, iu.ihaainavftkaCMtiDi-Kaof 

■"" — ' (t ontbaMBcNbin 

_ MO ptacB r^oAini 

«ha«t>6aaof|haC«aiRHaLandi, inconft-- Uak- 

K) obriMa Ihefa diflculiict 

— d Jriapwbidi haJ Mkao pbca f^paini 

- " "•oaoflhaCWiimavLandi, incmft-- 

o( the am afad by tha ri-druait Bribebnufe nfihaConatafinf %nJen&nld 

- -'---ajBDli, *c. Helher pro- dphen wers fi — -■ ~' -'---■- -i- -. 

■ * nnde ufi in b( 

iwora.— AiiiiptBil. „_.™, „^„ 

. Oltclia prcC*ni«a a ptM of ■ new taw ro- Uken tu Teizc thn ptrCuii of (tv imhiifliidiir. 
f|— *t-"t Uanopaliier)| which wm adapcad. Ths principal periani amflsdi b*r>i]dt llie 

II - , Counufi RudenikoUl, laJf at honour i« 

FoaaioalNT'LE.iotNct. PrincHi liplii.i Al'«Liii>, nOer to Hie Ra* 

Pi/orf. 11h »et tar iDDaUinit ih* Diet fcnt, are Ueuteiuni t:ulonil SiaJeiii Ci^ 

af Pabnd aflambM in 171I, ai alfoillthn \nat\t Birm Litie, lu]|| Ehranltro'im r M. 

liun vhich it had pallad, crauubnt frnm Etircnftrohm, r'lrnierijr Sccrerirr to tha 

thalsS Coofcdnvad DiM, irMilmi'iiup in Kingi SoiEii-nil, a dcA vf iha Guverii- 

the MlDwiajt m^inar i meni OJfics t ■ ram nimrj ForQer, keajwr 

" Mot ID l^va paftarttf any tracM of the of tli* ccl!an of ilis Opera « a>id feveral 

Ordinafy Ket upcnaJ in 17SI, vid aiur- otlier |iri>ite parfmij iaJ'f«rvant(. 
will convancd iotn a Kevolutlaiirj Diet At the mnnrent ivhcn the ptiit wntoba 

oaiha ]dof V^if I77t> we declare, by the execiitcil, the Duluof5iiiteni>aitij, Retenc 

vuaiiMHa cotiTcnt of tha Kepuhlienn Sutot of the iiinplDin, called the ReiclifdroEl, nc 

a&abM. ibb Uiit at out hiving ncilted, Gnnd Senefehal of Swrd.-n, Cuaitt da 

laditideoaaiof noaffaa. Ttw Conftitu- WeclMnMiftcr. Hii Royat Higimifs Jadared 

lion, the blwt, and all the ilBcreei made m li> hin^ '^Ihat tlie rafetf aF clie !>:.i;e r4- 

Ihs conrfa nf thit Diet, liaving beni the quired tn hit part the arreft nf fevcr>l rlU 

pnSt of every bind nf olamity, nnJ tha lofi diriHirBil t>erf»ni, u'bo had furtned ptjiis of 

of tlnfe irainenfe pnivincei uiliicli the Re- raoliuion to everHinjw the Conltiiutiooi 

piMic hat (ulfered, we anonl, and decree and plungeltw eoontry intiitrcuS^Eaiid cna- 
that di^ Ihall not be infened in inir code of rurinii 4 iii^t iiis inient.on vai, after (scaring 
bws: and at this Diet, amnti; Cher thing!, tliofe wliou'cre fiifpeAedu! hcingC-ncaMed 
reveifed the liw which (ni bade (he chaice nf in this omfpiiacy, tint (he trials Oioutd tM 
a 6ice«abr, duriog nur life, and lite nami- pmuedcd In acU'Td'tn; Ui i!l« T^t:!. c^ T>V<- 
BiiinoofanyaiiewliiicrerforBccMJto iIk and the (oirmi <rt cuttoro," Ttis»"w vR^<*a- 
Gmwt. Mao. /aiaay, i^gf. %MUa 


74 Ntws from Switzerland.— £t/tfa/«ff an ^f Toulon. [ Jan . 

iVince %f !int Kis been learnt hy the ofRcbl 91 new t>Mtery of catinon aiid rtmrt^rs, but ac 
commtU)ic»linn ultich the Count de Wacht- llie ottier p«)ii!t!( diry have woilLcd litlle. 
meider luis m^df to clieCt'ifcri ofjuflice, of We ciMirimie flrrn^tlieninj; our iti'fitinn^ 
%%liic1i he i!! PiefiJenl^ tl:cnigh we cannctt cxpeA to give it an/ 

Ait tlie prifrmers are 1^ a^chf-d with gre;>C miKh more 5al>(\nntial foim. ^^'e have in 
caiu ; ibeir ir»fei rogATcwirs arc alre:Hly com- all rear 11 ^cc men hearing irwlkets, and 
n^ei^ccO hi fore (h« Cri:iniher of Pnlice, which 40C0 (i<% Deferteis all repiut the iiitentinn 
K employrd abotit thetii with -aa miidi ac- »f a fi^nly getter al attack. DAvm Duhua*. 
tivity :is fccrecy — the Regent being deftmtis fflittlJl/f 'Jan, 15. This morning Sir 
to accelerate ut. much as polfiMe ttieexami- Sydney Sniitli :rd Majoi* Moncrief anivei', 
nations ie<iw£)tng an aff>ir fo im}H)rtnnt, to with difprtichcs from L< rd H'tnt an* Maior 
)ffy rlie i-efiilt before the Suprfme Attorney General DaoHa , 1 T which thvfe rre extiadis* 
of jullxe, chAigcd Iff extcoie the Liw SIR, Hf^hn, H:tut Puy, Dtc. ic^ 1793* 

aga-.nll cnlpnis. It is nr.y tiuty to acqtuiint yon, lluit 1 h;ive 

Cr.nj',0ner^ ' 4. Swhrrrfaml is now in been (iblrf eU to evacuate Tuuloiv and fo re- 
great )>erp:exiiy refpe^ttng the roeafures to ilic fiom the haibotir 10 this ancluHar^. 
he taken uit-h regard to France. On the one It hicnnie unaxniditMy tliat the 
hand, tlie con«!u^ of the Anf^riansd>(lieiTes rctre.>t flioidd imh he deferf d, :>s the enemy 
tlmn hryopd t'etcripti(M>, fn ce the impiHta- comm^nt'ed the tmvn and (hifs by their fht^t 
Sion of c« rn, an ait'xie fo oecetfarT to the and Ihells ; I therefore, agreeable to the 
Sv^if>» has been prohibited fnmi the Cicrman GoTcvnor's plan, dtrcAed the boats of the 
^iflridt^i of Bavaria, Stutbia, and Hrifgau. :fleet to .flTcii.ble by tleven o'clock, near 
On tlie othtr h;ind, a confulemble Rrpuhri- Frtt la Malgin: ; and 1 am hippv to fay the 
can army is on the frontiers, trying every uhole of the (roope were Wrought off» to 
means to gain parCzam} aiu), according to tt.e ntimhcr of nc :tr 8oco» withciut tlie.lofs 
letters from Hnfil and Soletn-r, the numUer of a man. In tl*.e eX'^cutinn of 'his (ervicc 1 
of the latter is (aid tube already vciy confi- have infinite p<e:ifiire in acknowledging my 
dei'able. very gteat obligations to Captain Elpliin- 

■ Aone fur his nnicmining zeal and extniont 

Fr^m the ^0Xfttf FxtraurJiiMry, Jan. 17. who faw the lad man oftj and it is .1 very 
Extras of difpatches from Vice Admi- ct*mfort.tb|e f.itisfadlion to me th;ti fcveiv.l 
ral LmdHood and Major Geieral Diuidaf, thoufandsof the meritorious^ irhabiiants ot' 
addrcffttd to Mr. Seeretaiy Dundas. Tetdon were Ihelterrd in his MaU'ft)% fhip^. 

SIR, *7fforv, 7•«^«lJMf/ 7>rf. 13, 179^. I pni|M>fe fending the Vice Admir.ds 

Nothing very material hasOifffiicned here Ho:ham mul Colby, witti fome other IhijiSy 
fince the 3.'th of laft month, excef«i that ll<e to Leghoin or Forto Fcirara, to contplcrte 
enemy has m^ileapjtioaches nenrer to us by their wine and proviluns, which lun very 
fcmie new-ere^ecf Ixitttries. The ikell.^ from (hort, having many mouths to feed, and tu 
luo of thetti did us fame mifchief on the 91I1 remain with the rell to blctck np the |H>rri 
and loth, fnice which Uiey have been j^er- of Toulon and Marfeilles. Circrmft..nce$ 
^Tcrfedly fllent. The enemy is reported 10 which \\m\ taken pbce niade the retre:a ab- 
be 5o,0i o, bnr ! cannot cre^'it their being ' folntely neccllary to be elTe^ed as foon as 
nrach beyond half that number. By varimis pollihle^ and prevented the executirn of a 
deferters iluit hax-e come in, which in this fettled arrangcmentfor deft roying (he French 
refpcA perfcAly agree, we are fiKMi to be fti'-|is and arfenal f ordered tlie Vu'ian 
attacked on ail fides at once. Fiom the nu- fiie-fhip to be prime4l ; aiul Sir Svdney 
mennis and important poAs we have to Smithy who j> ined nie from Smym.i about a 
occupy, tlie tixvips are sif very hard duty, fonni|rht ago, havijig offered his fcrviccs to 
and without relief fomc way or other, u e burn tlie ibips, I put Captain Hai u under 
ihall foc'-n have more men in U»e hufi'iial than his {irdcr, witti the LieutenaiKs Twpper and 
are frrfor fervice. Uo«tp. Gorr, ot the Victory ^ Lieutenant Fa* er, of 

SIK, TMr/bir,, 1793. the Britxiini9, and Lieutenant R. W. Miller, 

Since the aflair («f die |oih ulu no cnnfider- of tfie VV'indfor CaAle. Ten of (he eiM;m\ '> 
aWe event ttarh t;iken piece. By tt-e reieatrd ftiips »f the line in the arfenal, with the 
aCcouiiis of deferters tlie enemy ai every much M.'<(\-houfe|^ Great dtoro-huufe, Hcmpi* 
mcreafed ii> .numbers*, none fidte them liHver iio»f^ :ind other buildings, were totally 
lh:ui 3c, or 40,*. ro ftien. They hiivft ikred deftroyed } pnd^ before d<iy-light, all his 
t.f late little from the battery \\e went in Maj«(^y*s (hip , with ihofe mi Sp:«in, and 
!>• IffilWn oi. Four oif it« guns were tlte I wo Sicilies, were out tif the re;;ch of the 
di^ahltiU They l'tt«< incieafed the immber eoemy*i Ihot and (hells, except the Ri>l>u(li 
cf tl'.eir moirai-s, which liare much anni yed which was to receive r^ptajn Elphinftoae ; 
our tMO poOs of Cape Hnin and Fort Mol- and (he followed ve<y ^k'II after, wiihoat a 
p.iVf, on ti.e fleight^ of BaUgnir. Wv have (hot ftriking lier. 1 have luider my orders 
loll lome men at each, fnmi the effcdl <»f R»-w Admiral Trogolf, in the Commerce de 
Ihelh, wliivh, Ih fufh ten porrrv ey|>ofrd Marfeilles, fuitfant, and P»>mpcr, »>f the 
fit\ul:*»p«,c.inii«tbefi>fliccnlly guardtHlhwn. line, lie Pcnl, Ai-c»hufa, and lopaze fii- 
Agiiinll crfd) uf tl.efep' (Is iLey lutve (iixacd gate&y and (evcral Uige curvk:e>, whidi 1 

'tht EvMtutin tfTtnhttt. ^j 

' ««rhfol ^ on than mi bmrd Itw gafUn 
hjr ivintint tha (inn nf th* Swidow tcnlcr 
mhI opa ftf dH pn-han ni Omih h loch a 
BL-MMT H ta wiflljd« the qiaj im whidi 
tfacji.mia l|an ImM to coom ib >■, rfbr- 
iiif thiol >r tlia ttmm timt, that m karm 
Ihudid haffwa la than IT di«r n^nel 
uiBir. Tho ciMn7 kept ap ■ cra6 Brt i( 
flwt and ONlb Ha tht ^frM^tUtaMf- 
qiM, anJ thanriD faw hi i hilh, whkh coo* 
irlbiaMivkaapilnBrilarBira in Ujac> 
tinv and opsratnl ia nwar faft>ia favoor- 
Mr for vs tr luq«« (he KmUkM aaatr 
- in thi .i»m wifhuriha^ ka^ «Ma k ' 
■.ttfiatd Sula irtwr^tMn to nr mrit if 
iwafaitat Hd pbdnc CBi*B«M« mUr 
i» tiw .MK^M Itan Iwifcs Mi w baoi4 
llw Aip> ; fiich <nw Iha AaadinaA oT tlw 
lawbfawefaniaii Iliad Mfcler my LiawnaoA, ' 
A pot moUnak of ih« OHrar cnHnuad l» 
linm Jdo d iIib h4l umwi* da 4ack jnt ' 
wall; tod ai the n^lK rtd'rd mthtjtamm 
•Karenoiiflua pour in an inctubr tb^^ 
€|ihck fin of niiifijBiAT M ai fr*n iha 
Hiutantaric, anil.U canikn frnm tbt taeighM 
. utudi Dtaiiaok it. We kcft Jmn tt laf bf - 
arfaMicobn ia <«- drfeluKsca of frapa-lta fnaa tima in tin , 
atrm PoMk I, - > rf pa fta l| tfia awoiiadnti nf wMcti prd*cntad their iMitint fa n«ar m u 
TMlai i' ■■I'M Sr-t]MMT Smith, M to Iha dircorcr th* ioAiSUitncf «t oar bna to 
iMniai MM' MriiBtVk A PS kc on wbkh repd a tiofar atutk. *|an-kaiC waafi^ 
Wn«kl«M7Madidin>|t)iaMd'MitilUf| linncJ tnBnikttawattaa thaairifiH aiadi 
M*M irwa |)iaa praHa w Cijitnn Hara, lw« Odil-pircw wcn pUcM oiiMn apinft 
, allUlnatiiv«a^Il*aMintl|ftMaMa- dM wicbal itfwitljr Gratfumtad Ijrihaw^-' 
^a Mii|fc|ad iMaiilt. ' man, n( whom w« wafvpadic^vt* qipr»> 

ft ii wKh'Tatyifirtliar fAMadlMin t hmfiva. Abiiot aifht o'dnefc I had iha £v ' 
baa* Aa MMoori* acqaaim jtaii, tlut the ti^r^ion of fccinf .Liauirnant dm tawing 
MMult harmnTj and (wift cantial unilcr- in ilw Viilcaii Aidhip. C^aln Hiit, licr 
ajtthOf; Kb btipiHlj ftMfto) >ii hit M.ijcf- Cumm.iiiJer, pl.iud I er, igm^iMy Tn tnf 
- ij'% aniijr and Bnt, rait it>il)r brtwrcn the tliicaiinis,iii a muA nia(l«lT imiVKriKroft 
pffici«t<^illriiiki,b(itbetwceo thcrcjnen ti'C tier iiF m.-u uf var, »n) tlie aitilitHinil 
Mil Udieis alUi. force of her gun- and men dinilnUhad mf 

I hareu di tranMt a cof7 of Sir Sjdncy apprelienfiont of tlia fA\vi Oar« nfnf eo 
Sannfilitterianie,«ilba1iftu<l[isiil1it:cti us, at tbeir nisiiiier and uccirtunal tiimiiltu- 
aatplnfad mder hiiti, and attii a iciiirn iif oiu dehatu ceaM entirciy un bcr ai-|<ur> 
oBccri and (tamen kilttil ami wurnideil it ance. Tlie mlf nnifa Imnl XTiung tbem 
Fan MillgTave on the i;lh. Keari. wv. the hamper koutkhiE uff LMeir fcitart, 

MT LORD, TVaAo, /WmtnlS, if9]. hiuiiKiiy ftntwle my u|i»ifin;, at 
Atrec^T to row LorJtbip'i orilcr, I iIk|> aniglii iherti^ ha more M lihtny l« 
nurdail with tliC Itk-allnw lentlcr, tliree live ihcm&lnn (nun ilie cimfl iiraiitm Cnk- 
£i>(liA ind'thrra S[>anifli [Un-boal!, lo the jnf pbce aimiiid lhcni> In ihl> fiiititiDii wa' 
titmtr, anil iamwdialel]' brfan mikms the cnntinuul to wait mnft aax«id1|t ftir tha 
naccflJaTprcpantisnifurbuminBtha French luiur concerted wiih iba Catemor fur tlia 
Ihipiafklftureiibercin. We firnml Iha dock- inlLinlnalinnuf the trains, 
pttatreil (ecored by the jitJicioiii arrmga- T1« mufnciilhe ripial «ik nude, we had 
mem of the invenior, ahlmch the dock- the fjtKfaflinn to lac the fl.imei rife iii efery 
T«itpenplehnlalrad> Aib;lT'alcdihethrce- qn.irtm Lieu enanl Tuppcr wa* chanted 
loiaircd cocknla for the Mhiic one. 1 did wNk iliebuiuiag of the genera) mapizine, 
■X Iiiink k fi^c lu utteaipl the feciiring anf the pildi, Ijir, tallow, and oil (lure-houfet, 
sf tlmn, conlidcrnx the ImM fiirce J had and fucreeilej ttiuQ, peiUA'.y i th<; I>einp 
»iihfbe, uulcnnrulerinelli.-kicintcll nfanj maE^a'D* «!# tnClodeiJ iu 11m hLice : ita 
kind waiilil nccupy iht uhule aliention, being near'jr calm wat lUifnrliinate ta tf» 
and prevent w (null aceamplil1iln| nur pur- f|ireadii>J li ihe flame, but I50barrelluf 
pak. 1 he irillej llavea, luthe nnbiherofa iKr, ilivided amnng tlia de.ili awl other lim- 
luft (oc, flicwKliheinfelves jeHlduifpeJIa. her, infured the n^ iSnitien of that whole 
unaf (Kir operations. Then difpubtiun lo tgnaitcr which lieutenant Tiqiper unil*:r- 
uva*endcni;andhein(liiiehalned, which taken. Tlmnuft-houfc wa* ei[ii% well fet 
«» lUiufual, rendered u hacdlary to keep a oii fire b/ Lieineiiwt HUlJleUM, «f ili-: il^i- 

76 Juthir.tic Narrative •f ihi Evacuatton of Toukn. [J^°- 

tanpia. Lieutenant Pater, of the Britannia, Tlie failure of oar attempt on the (hips 
continued in a mod daring manner to brave in Che hafoii btfore the town, owin^ to tha 
the flames, iu order to cnmplete the work infufficiaicy of our forc<s, made me rrgret 
where the fire feemed to have ctught imper- that the Spanifh gun-Uiacs Iiad heen with- 
fe6llv. I was oh!ige*l to Cill him off, l«»ft drawn frtMH me to perform ot»»pr feivire. 
his retreat (hould become impra6ticahlc. Tlie Adjutant D01 Pedro Cntell.«, r>«»ii 
Hib fKuation w:is the moi-e perilous, as the Francifco Rigiielme, and Don Francifco 
enemy's hre ledoubled as foon asthe amaz- Tnifello. remained with me to tfie lad; 
ing blnze of I i^ht rendered uidifttn^ objects and I feel bound to bear teiVimony of the 
of tlveir aim. l/ientenunt Ironmonger, of Zealand jiftivity with which ihey'][)oi formed 
tlie Roy.ds, remained with the gu;ird at tlie the mod elfemial fervices during tlie wlmle 
gate till die Ud, lung afur the Spanifli guard of this bufinefs, as far as the infutiiciciicy of 
v.a& uithdrawn/aiul w« hi ought fafely off their force allowed it, lieing reduced, by the 
by Captain Edg», of the Alerr, to whom I retreat of tlie gun-boats, to a fingle feUucca, 
had cmfiJrd the imporLint of clofing and a raortnr-ftoat which had expended its 
our rettcic, and bringing off our detached ammui.ition, but contained 30 men uith 
parties, which were f.tved ton mui. I was cutlnlfcs. 

forry to find mytelf deprived of Uic further We now prr<cceded to bum the Hero and 
fervices of Cnpciin Hare. He had performed Thtmidoclcs, two 74 giwi Ihips, lying in 
that of placing his hrelhip to ad.iiii:*tion, but tliu inner roal. Our .ipproach to them h^id 
wasblown into the water, nndmiichfcorched, hitherto btrii imprai^lic-ble in I>oais, a^ the 
Vy ihc cxpli>hon of her priming, when in French piifoncrs who hul been left in ifie 
the a«it of puuing tl.c match it. it. Lieu- latter Ihip w:;ic di'l m pofleftion of her, 
ttiiani Goiewas a'lfo much burn;, and I was and had Ihewn .t dtiermiinrion to refid our 
confcqi^piUly dcprvcd of him all"', which I attempt n> comr o»i Kvird. Ihc Uxxv: of 
rcgret:t;d the nioie, liom the rccolic^lio:! of onJlagritiou .iioiind them, heij;hrenrd by 
hi» biaveiy riid av.'l:vitv in tlie fcrvice the l.itc tremendous cxplofum, had however 
oi r'ort Mulgrave. Mr. Carles, Midlhip- awakened thei> (eir- for their lives. Think'*, who uasalfowilh him on t»»is mca- i-jg this to be th>: rafe, I adfln-U'ed them, 
lu.n, dciVivcb my pr-.ifc for his co .durt evpreirmg mv rcailn-.-fs :o laud thrm in a 
llii«»iigl.out this feivice; the guns of the of fitcrv, if thev wjMild fubmiti and 
^rcftiip going (tff ou b<Hh fides ai they heat- they thaukhillv accepted the oftcr, fhewing 
cd, .n Uie direilnm thaK was given ilM?ro, themfelvos to be cor.plerely i'Uimidated, 
tow^idb thofe quar.ers whence wc were and vei7 grateful for our iuiem ions 
mod apprehenfive of tlie enemy forcing towards them, m not attempting to burn them 
Ihsir way m up<»n us, checked th*ir career, with the Ihip. It was »»v-c:rira*y to proceed 
Their duuiii and Republican fonps, uhich with prccnutmn, as they weie more iiumer- 
we could hear didinAly, continued till thvy, eus than oni fel es. Wc at len^ih completed 
as well as ourrelve5, weie in a manner their difcmh.irkat'on, and then fet her on 
thurkkriUuck by the explt.fiin of lome fire. On this occafion I had rculy lod my 
thoufaiid baireli ofp'iwder on board the his valuable fiimd and alVn-ant, JLicutminc 
fiiga.'c, lying in the inner road, witlwuit us. Miller, of the VViiulfor Cartle, who had 
a»»d wnich been injudicu'uily fet on fira diy-d fo long on begird to infiirc the fiie 
by tl e *ipauilh bu.«t', \\\ g'nng otT, indead taking, that it gained on him fudd^-nly, and 
cf iHJing funk, as ordered. The conourum it was not wirlxnnbrinq vtrymudi fcorclied, 
of air, and the ftio**er of falling timber on and the rilkof Kinj: luff. icaled, that we could 
fire, was luch as nearly tode'lfoy the whole approich the (hip to t^ke him in. The lofs 
of us. Lieutenant Palcy, of Ufe Terrible, to the fervicc mouM have been very great, 
with his whole iKJiit's cicw, nearly i>ciiHied ; had wc not hicctciied m our endeavoiiis to 
the b»*ai ua* blown to pieces, hut tlie men five him. .Vir. Ki.ij»ht, Midniipiimo of t'-e 
were pici.ed up jihve. The Union gun-ho.-il, W iut! for Call Ir, w1k> was in li.e boat with 
which was neaied l<» the Iris, fufferwd con- me, fticwtd niuth activity and adJrefs on 
fidtra^dy, Mr. Young bsing ki'.Kd, with this occ.ilu)n, .is well as fiiinuef!> ihioughout 
tluce men, and the vciicl ihakcn lo pieces, the d.iy, 

1 had given if in chuQe i«> the Sp.miih Tht explofion of a fccoiid powder vcffcl, 
o£cei'i> to fire the diips in the ha'.on before equally u;iexpeded, and witri :) ihoik even 
ll»e Umn, bi:t tbcy ictuinrtU and re ortcd gie.iter than liie fiM^ L7,ai!i put ns in the 
th.t v.>rioi:^«5hda;<le> h.w picvc'.itedih.i: en- mod iTirxiincnc c'.iiij;cr of pcr:Ihinp. ; and it We Utmitni n t.»gii!ji.r, :•«; I. on w;»en .t is dMfulereil iV.m we uere withis* 
rs ,ve h.ul cinip'etrii 'i'c bufmcib in tli* ar- tlie fphere of the f.iiiin^j tinn.her, it is next 
ftu.;i, bu: were riipu'.l'cd m oir attempt to it) muacoloi;-. th.M no o .c j>ifce, of the m.iBy 
cur the I oum, by repealed vollics of muf- which made ilic watrr fi>am round us, hap- 
viu#ry fr m the fb^ ftiip a- d ti»c v. ah (»f p«.ncd to touch either the Suailow or the 
llic huittry p I he cf tl'c thu-.e bo;tls with me. 
lery had bctu f, ik-. d b> tl.c judniouN :.i ocau- Having now fc: tii-e to every thing wiihiii 
lion (ak^n b> the Governor, previously to our :och, cx;\..i!ned o>ir coiobudii>ie pre- 
the of lUe lOVrU. pAraboi.s iuid oni Itrcng'.h, to Inch a degree 


i/ EvanaliMifToa'ioii.m jy. 

tha ien\ea at prcforiiv confaaHifleij Jo^ 
Wiirno, aJTinctU faitinaL 

A'lftnA of rctura a£ officm aod fa^lM 
b-^lontiai to tlia Itopi otidannEOtiiMMd, wh* 
w»re kilM, waiMkM, mi auffiob •> Km 
■rh % af Dtetmbw t7)], k FimiWtl-; 
fTMac ViOwj, 1 liearanaoi, i nddM»i 
naa, ■ faMoi, wododaii S faimm Hik. 
Uf. ' MtMni^ B faMHti kilM. . WbiAB 
Caftk, > bKHM UIM t i fnnv wum4> 
) tamw miSni. KDdfr KiV^ I- 

wt OoMn'U, at tfw ViasTTi < _ _ 
Mr. I. W. Lsr'4(, MidAiipawt of >l« I^e- 
urr, wfluadnl. Hr. A- Wilki^ Hi4lb^! 
nun elttK Princcft lloyal, nttBn^ 

Lift of (btft <if th« lilts, hig^ttt, h^ 
Qd^, gf (ha Dtfaniemax of t qmIm. la 
tha Ku«d.wli« Om Entlilh tot nun4 
Toolun, Shipi of clif line luw' with tto 
Knglilh flnc : Lo'CnDnrNe tk MmMU^ 
. lis ; Le Pompca, 74. Burnt X ToolQa': 
I<B Toonant, Sa; Le Mcur«ux, }4t La 

,41 L. 


74-1 U Lj«, 

- . .-. - rraoch pBti ua tlw . 

AllMllIc, Wiih Fiwich ftamai, fA U P*> 
trlcft,'74:' L'ApOUun,*->4: L'OppD, 741, 

L'Entiapmuiii, 74 Bu^nt at fr^hcwm 
La jkipiu, 74. KawMp ftn K Too^ Ia, 

_- ._-, , ,^ — .... . . ^Tootao, \Mf, 

GtoaniM, 74. Fdpiat unv with lb* 
En^irti Haet: La EW*, 411 1 L'Antbnf^ 

]t. Put liiM cMnmiAHi, by iwdw of 

LonI Hood : Li Tupaic^ fi. Renuininc 

01Bi:an amiilnf ed undtr the unlert of Sir In ' the pnvror of tba SirJiniani 1 L'A'ceft^ 

Sril'irr Siai'-h, Cornm.inder, Or»nii 
uf ilK Royat Mil:ury Ordsr of llie Sw»r<], 
in lie tcrrice nf burning the French Shi|>( 
Kit Arfcnal uF, Dec t!; Cipl 
Mire, Vi-lcinfireihip) C.ipMr.EJjt ' 

Sloops now wilh the En^lifti fle«t s 
La PuiHtne, if ( (c TKrleOoo, 14. Buna, 
at Toulun 1 La Carbine, to i l.'Aii$uflr, 
10. KInc.l CHI', by ilt« En|lilh i LaB^letie, 

Li Frifelile, 14 1 L^ Siuctre, 

'PI Cipni'i Eiljc, Aturt ibi Li Fr>ilelile, 141 Ln S»ic«re, 101 

l^CcxJb, Adjiitaiii, aiul Di. Mulct, lo; Ln Moulle, 10. PItUd 

DuEiFiiucifcu RiEuislme-, Lieuleiuiit-, Spi- out by Ihe NeipoliUiu: I.'Ein|>n^a, ao* 

nilti iu*T i I^> tTancifco Tnixillu, con- FiUCil out by ths S|»niirdt : Li Pain Ao- 

:; Liimtenaiittt.". Top- 
par, Jiiltn G<ici:, Mt. £iI-s, MiJUi lUQeii, 
ViAory'i hMIi; Licuunann Mdhuiih ;iiia 
HMuw.'f, Alan ■ floop j LieuieiunH Mo- 
thrw WiKKli, aiHl Thwnat F. Richmiiiid, 
Mr. Andrewi, Mafter, Mr- Joiiea, furgeoo, 
and Mr. Mather, gunner, VHlcaii tircThip ; 
Mi. rOclurJ Haukin?, Mi'. Tli..mj!, 
Uil Mr. WiUnm KniRM, Wi.iJrur C.illle'i 
kinl* 1 IJeuleiunii Piter anJ tliJ '^il.m, 
Mr. Matron and Mr. V.>, Mi.lP.-ip.nen, 
Bntannia; Liratcnant Hilt. S>vil)uw i«n- 
drri L^euteiunt R'ieft, '•'■»!\i eui-liajti 
L-fjiwant M«r;aii, Pel te Vic^niii: £mi- 
kut; Liciitenarit Cjtc, I'sa Bin giui b uI; 
Mr, Vou.!?, Uiiiim gun-h, hUl.'.l : rafigti 
(nmimnns'-'-, nf Uie Roynis ; Jo' n Sitririsfi , 
B.utftvn'i-.-fc Mate, J.imEs Yniins, Guniiir** Fici-d 

Miic, Tluimas Kmg'il, Ouriut Mi!\li> I.j Liilii;e, 31 ; tiem.iinin? :i[ iiHimii ; 14 
inJ Tlmni^is Cl.iffce, CjrpeiilEi's Mjle, of, tS. In cjjoniillion lio(o:^a iha 

iba Swallow tcader, mi wtw pcrlbiin«<l Ene'tlli Avu cuttrcd T«itoa] Ihip ai iiia 

S-.ninleam ; La Pliirier« 
ing out wiicn ihc EngliOi B:et en- 
lion: Ihiph of 0^ lint) burnt as 
Le Trl^iniphwi, ta; La Sulfifant, 
V with Dia Bnililh fleat : L« PuiU . 
Remuiniuj at Touion : Le Din* 
phin Royal, no. Frigata biinit at Toiiloo j . 
La Sericufe, jii in ttie hirhour iii wjnt ot 
rep.iif. Shi(ii burnt At T'lulon : Ls Mer> 
cure, 74i La Counmne, 43 t Le C>ntiue- 
nui. 74; Lc Diftaieur, 74. Rem.miiiif 
al Toiiloiii l-e LiuisueJnc, foj Le CeiiTEur, 
74i Le Guenier, 745 Le Souverjiu, 74. 
Unfit for fe:vicei L-AlcLaif, 74. Fiigatm 

L'tphiemie, 31s L'At;rt.T, 16 


on ho.ird l\n povntai' nt.iEaxLnui 

, burnt ac 

Tonlo.i: L-lii<, j. ; t.j Mon 

trejl, 31. 

Fin-d ..«byiheEi.E''n>a>ah,«, 

iih-ketili I 

^8 Aulienttc Narrativi 9/ thi Evacuation tf Toulon. f Jan. 

l^rvant ; La Diiquefne, 74. Krigntes and nfuch lonc:er maintained, nntwitiiilaiKling 

Doups in the Levant: La Sibile, 40; La feweral gallant effttiuweie mve for ch.)t 

ScnfihUtji; La Melpomene, 40 ; Lh Mi- piiq>(>fe. U wa«, theiefure, at lift, carrlcil, 

nerve, 40; La Fortonee, 31; La Fleche, and ilic remains of the garrirtmof 700 men 

14; Ln Fauvecce, 14. TaXen hy the Eng- retiieJ Ctm'ards the ihore of MAlaj*iiier, utuler 

1i(h: L'Imperteiiftf, 40; La MoJcfte, jt; the procedinn of Che other |)oi\i eitihliihed 

L'Eclair, 70. At Ville Franche : La Vef- on thofc height^ aixl which coiitinu;J to be 

tale, 36 ; La Radioe, 24 ; Le Hazanl, fanily anackedby thsennny. As thi» pofi. 

30. At Corfica \ La Mign^Nie. 32. At tion of HaUguier Ud:> a nKi(\ eiKuttial 'ioe for 

Cecte: La Minne, 24 In Ordinary at the prefervation ot the harbttu**) and a» we 

Toulon : La Junon, 40. fiuild'og : one had no commnnictiio'i with it but by vr:iter, 

lhipof74; fwo fritraCeSy 40. noo \mn been pUed tlMtre foi fome 

SIR, l^ia^fy, Vitrei Hay, Dec. ft, 1793. time palt. On the night preceding the at- 

To mv Iftt r t»f the iiih inftant I had the Uck 300 more men lutd been fenc over, and 

ivon'>ur to acquaint ycni, that from the 30th on the muming of the 17th 400 were ero- 

of November to that time no particular harked (till farther tt> ru|)]x»rt it. 
«vc"t lu^d t;^ken, and tluit jihe Are ojf When tite firing at Halaguier ceafe<{, we 

the eneinv wat lefs fre(|nent. Dtiriag thif rema-ned in anxious fur|>ence as to ttie event 

|>en(Hl they weie d. ily receiving reinforce- till a hitle before day -tight, when a nevr 

inents fr^rn cvny quarter ; and both fules fcene n|)eaed, by an art .cc on all (»ur |K)f)s, 

)w-ere bufily employed, we in (Ircngthening- on the mountain of Piuniri. Ths eiem/ 

4Nir pods, and the enemy in eltabhftiiag was rcpulud nn tlie eall fide, where was 

new baneries. our phnci|>al force of .ih >ut 700 men, com« 

From a!l concnriing accounts of deferters, manded by a moil dif^inguiflied ofhcer, the 

andotliers, ttie enemy's anny was now be- Piediuontcfe Culonel de Jernug<an, wiHiie 

tween 30,000 and 4n,oco men, and ^n at- lofs we deeply lament ; but cm the back of 

Lick ufMHi our pt>(ls w;is to be daily expcd>ed. tlie mountain, near iK o feet hi^h, lleep, 

TiMrfe, from their efjential though detached rocky, deemeil almo'.l inacceihMl«, and 

fituaiions, had been feverally Areogthened which we had Lib^niicd much to roikefty 

in the proportion their circumftaoces rt* they fi>uiid mean?, once more, to pe'ietrate 

quired, having fuch central force in the town between our p-)lts, which occupi«d an ex- 

as wns deemed necctlaiy for its immediate tent .uf above two milo^, guarded by 452 

gmrd, ani f)r atfofdiog a d^ree of fuccoiir men, and, in a veiy Ihoit fpacc of tlni^, 

to .iny point that might be more particularly we iaw, that with great numbers of men 

attacked. they crowded all that fide of the numnuln 

Fur the complete defcnee of the town and. wliich overlooks Toul mi. I'he puticulars 

its exttnfive Iwubour, we had been obliged of this event 1 am not yet enibled to afcero 

to occupy a c>ixamferance of at leaft fifteen tain, but 1 have every rcaton to think tluc 

milf':, by eight principal pod's, with their they did niC enter at a Hntid) (xift. 
ie^'erai intermediate dependant oneS| the Our line of defeme, which, as I have 

grr.ite(\ p.ut of ihefe were merely of a mentioned, occupied a cicumference of at 

tumpcu'.fiy nature, fuch .as our means al- leaft 15 miles, and with ptiiuts of which we 

ii>\\«d us to conftiuA; and, uf our fjrcc, hid only a water communication, bein^ thus 

whic!i never exceeded 12,000 men bearing broken in u|x>n, in itfi two muft ellenti;ii 

fire'tH:k<', and cimpofed of fivediflerent na- poU^, itbcjnme neceir^u*) to adopt docifive 

tk;ns and bngu.i^e*:, nenr 9000 were placed mcafures, anfuig fro 11 the knowledge of. 

in cr fupponiug thofe po(^s, and about 30o;> the whole of our aC>n d fitu.^tio;!. A couu'* 

rem:itueJ in the town. cil of the ^Ag and general officers alTemhled. 

On the 1 6th, at half pad two o'clock in The>' determined on tlie i^npr.kflic ihility of 

the n:otiiiu|;, tlie enemy, who h»d before redoring the |>ofls we had lod, and 0:1 the 

Ared from three b..iieiics on Fort Mulgiave, confequeiit propriety of the f|)ecdiei\ evacu- 

nnw opened two new ones, ?i\d continued anon of the town, evidently, ami by the 

a very l:e.ivy c::n|^nade and bombardment report of the e^giiiecrs and artillery otlif^rs 

on that pod till next mominf^. The works declared, untcnAbi';. Me ifures of ex:^uiioii 

fntfisred mu<:h. Tlte luimber of men killed were ta^cn from moment. Tlie troops 

anil difjhlrd wn^ confiilerahle. The weather were witlidnwn tnim ih^ heigh's of Bahi- 

Wiis rainy, and the coofcquen: fatigue great, guier withotit much interiuption from the 

At two o'clock on the m ^rnint; uf the enemy, and in the evening fuch po'U as ne* 
T7th, tlie enemy, who had every advantage ceifurdy depended on ths poifcdl'in of PiKiroa 
in airemMinp; and Aitldenly advancing^ at- weie fucccirivcly t:v;icutteil, ;nid the troops 
l^.kcil :)ie f >rt in fotce. Ahhoush no drawn in towards Toulon. The foit D'Ar- 
pnri of this temporal y poft WMS fuch :is covifd tigues aiul St. Catharine Hill remaiiird, to- 
wel! refill dtt\rminctl piOs, }et, for a con- ge'her with the p'>ds t»i Srvhl.ttC", C.ipe 
-fi'.lcrahlc time, it ucfendvd ; but, on the Hnin, aod Mjlh-mfijUk:! ; frt>m which l:i(l 
enomv t-'itehfg (^n il;e Sp.ini'h fide, the the Spaniards withdrew in the • ight. in co'i- 
Bri:iih quirter, corr:niiu!eil hy c aptainCoii- fequence nf the iiip;)oiting port of Ntt<po4*> 
r.olly uf the iJih regime: t, cuuld put be l.m, at MiciliV. , havmg left the bxiery 


t)^3 AAmA N/fTTMllvt iflht Evatfut'un tf TouIoD, 

WM alloued In Myir KMhTar, »itb ice 
iMfii who, iftar rccinn iTi* ^ft roan dll\\-m 
iion, and ^inc iIT ito |<m, aflba*!, 
from fab aWiritgp aid itfritteaio^ hb •»« 


ltitWBfgCU>fcr">«Binprdk,bat ia 

IB Hw iMiJaft Md Mtta a^ «Mr)rt Botf' 
omdini ofltean, ai4 Ma-fi^erwy qtinr^ 
in MN* nnk mA taafon. *Tmat turn 
(Wm ftffariwt cJ , ftr b Int a EbM, d 
TMVi Md ia«M aribul a( itM biwn, aur ftrvkr mora Innflbif, dtftraAnf, tnl !)»•' 

aiWi<fpii in* ww iwda and "VWT «■'■ which pMnKiriy diftintHifh H 

Uhww^aMMlawinMMian. Thaadaaal A«r. Ai riA >fidgr(V, Utmnait lun- 

aa^daA-rird w*eflrtairiaaKte4 Tit* m«. iIwKi<t«1 Artmai7, ma foMlL 

Wwpi wwa-iM^ iw **lt|lr OH «ia nm- WHi riWli>, tlMnnfanaMitiaatHriM. ' 

f«n».aa4*aBHwnllitraf tta townwat BiIm IM poA wm moch Mabnd far itt 

■Whianaiilfciiia ilnHm ilii limi jli|- |r»ftrMrtM far fa fct ■ tiWfc 

^todtMr.AiilaM^lMi bM iti Atikh Tlw paanl fartka Sm Immi arrM ■* 

taiMMMTlM* WMCieiMMkilbr <ria ttia-iMft pwfclhwaTM^IiMtfrf 

<»<Wfrfaa** iigkC.iMw« M ta i^ttnTaMi, nuar'a' w baturiM wara 

■iiaaiilwiBfMil WsMOHfiMlrtegia wtckailbrfa^ea: dNT> If Part, |wrM 

oraw^ andtbawnaiarMQof ihaunra, - ftoM of our aMtf, and'thglr aiJ wat paco- 

whidi k «M nacattwT Jhnuld ba malt wiib liuJf nreful m diilist of fidgiM wd Uhoor. 

fcen^aade^iditlDa. The brt of St Ca> In iH rtwfB wa bond Ihc inOiMnce of th« 

Uuriiia lavinb ,<rthcMC onlert, ^^»fi ((ainad firparfsr aAiviijr and exaitinM of (b« Biitilh 

mthacaorb nf iha daj, and p)fiUTsil hr iha Ciilan. It WM Ilia conftant ancntiiin iif 

■amf , dta Gmfcqveiit orlji knowledge nf Lord Hnsil to r«li«n our waouanililleviaW 

(sanrd>,h>d waukaoitiaciiniBaniuua, oor dUQcohi**. 

. itiMaghthaixeaf lulTt and within itiufltM The SaiJ iiian tnxipi m ha*e ilwijt con- 

[ %m m&M fan, ntiiht tun prc<lncril grcU fidered 3i a [art of mulelTBi. V'e han ex- 

iiii«i»aillw II I WB iliarafnn, bj * Cillj poft, porkncsd dwir sttachmtDI vul Qiad bcha- 

pinad«iadTineadp.«tnfiheri«iif and with- viouri and I ha*« fnmil idimIi alBIUnoa 

■MaaadcfS wara anaMad to quii (he tawni from thaalHlitirradcondvAoffhe Chnaliar 

KTiM at nm La Malfnc, and.bna on the da Rerd, and from HritadMr Gcnanl Rieh- 

lilag (Riaad JAmWialalr abova Iha Owre. Ur, who commandt tham. 

Tbahoaiiwerara^, theweaihor and the Notwkbltuidini iha ondafin-d fftsxtoNi 

fci in th« hi|beft detraa faminh^a t the of tunmaiid, I ftiuml emq difpiifitinn and 

nAwkalioabeian about claren »'clatk,M>d acqiiiefccnCB in LJcutenxnt Gener^ Gririn^ 

kf ^-braak (10 ih« igih the whtda, wkh- canniiaidinc Eha SpaniOi t»np*, tn exacUM 

u inmrurainn, urUie loCt of snun, weot every propolcd rorafura which the amuBm 

ga board Oiip. cauh rcqiiiml- 

Tti* irm fire in tha arteul, the hlnwinf The lofi nF iha Brililh on the 17th at Port 

qi <rf (ho pomler'flilpt, and olh;r funiTM* Mul{rave, and on the Hevslili of Pharan, 

rawwMiJi look, place in the aiehfi em-- amuunli to Awut joa men, of which, (tin-iof 

hiolfUaded tokeap UirBenemruiBftauof iho Ufl fonr Axft, on cxafi ■rCDUiiti cnuli 

liiCfwaca ami naeartiiiiiy. be procured: And, ai Itw tmnpi, in em- 

Ai tbe faisritjr of thu operation depended barkini, wet« |iut ud baird tbe ntareft and 

awti on tbo prutrfboii affLirdod bom tha mnft convenient fliip<, till thq> are again 

lupff fiuutinil of For La Milgue, which fo united in corix, 1 canmit tuvs the Imiaur oC 

iFaSiulIj caoHnanik the neck of tha ["eiun- tranfmittin); particular murm, nor even 

Ua, and Iha judicioui u(« thu IhniiU be knowing Ibe deiitil iiF circnmftBcai that ata 

^e ef it* aruUeiTr l^ imFonaat Ittrica uadadtbfUackBftbsrtpufU. 

8o jfuihenttc Narrattve of the Evacuation of Toulon. I Jan. 

1? ■< nnw above ihret wcclts th. t, from 
the i:>i£i)iiirnitu nrcidetit of General G'Hari 
\z\i\Z matl": phfoner.ihe f;nvcrmient«f T(»ti- 
Jon JfViWvetl on nic ; my heft exerions have 
1^-: h-tw y\M\iwz i" '^^^^ fitiulinn; nnd I 
biimt»lv ^i'»ji<; th.u hif M nelly nny bi; plcaTeU 
lo loo'tL up.iri them in a favourable liglit. 

\^tx lv.a-.e ti> nilci. tbai the biiiaUonof 
Itm';tl Louis, anii two inUep«iuleiit companies 
of French Chatleurs, ra^fetl at Tonlon, have 
i>cb vvcil, o«i every occifuwi, with fiMiiy 
5:id fpiiit. Tl;ry enih.irkeJ at La Ma'^i'c, 
to tbe numbtrr of ahmit 600 nitn, and arc 
now with us. Dav^ii DvN^AS, Lieut. Gen. 
SIK, Vif.'mhiT 21, 170^ 

Att'.-r evrry e:'>quiry, ilie indofeJ \- the 
mol^ JidioifV leiMiit that ca-.t lie obtaiucU of 
the It^ls of the Kritith Cro<i|>s on the 17th of 
Dcctnib'-n; }}\A of the either troops in the 
Came i>«>lls, who grcutly exceei'eJ them in 
number, i do not know, but 1 liave reaCon 
10 thiiik was infi.wtt.ty faialter in pro{M>i{ion. 

D. DuNDj^b, Li<.ut. Gen. 
Tlicn foll(»w» a |-eturo of the millini; of 
ihe IJ':t>ih fiTcc, Dec. i7» I'o^ 

Offucjs n.^nl^.s■|vil^lnJ; : nth ifgimenr, 
I-ieul. Koighr ; 18th or Royal liilb, tnlijin 
Minchin ; ;ith regiment, Captain Je Vau- 
r^ortU Lieut. Ciiyler ; M.iiines, Lii'iKr'ntnts 
'Wll^.^n^"^, B.iriy, mA l.ynn ; Royal Navy, 
Mr. Alex:iiHler U'llkie, Mitlthipman. 

(Sigru-il) Tiio.lliSLOP» d. a. o. 
The fate of the officers and men, returned 
in-.iring, is not nor cinnot be krown ; hur, 
from «'l tlie int-..lli:;cni:c th.-\t can l>e g.iir.ed, 
it is mucli to l»e apprch' nded that ihcy fell 
befi>re day -break, gallantly defending the 
polls they were entrudcd witby when aban- 
doned by other tioiips. D. Dunuas. 


The fol'o-. ing 's the lift of the fhips and 
other article, which, acLnrdin:* to a letter 
fro-v. Oenii'.tl :'>U7ommtei-, y\fvc loft at Ton* 
Ion, bcftucs tiie nuniiier ot the ihips, &c. 
wliich Itiil remain: 

Sh'ps and other vefTels remaining in the 
piMt of Toulon. Ti'itieen (hipk of the line : 
One of izo guns, three of 80 guns, and nino 
of 74 i»«Ufc-.. One on thr: ft »ck*, five fi igate^| 
twofripatr^OM the lUnkf, five lighters. 

Slii|>s and frigates burnt : Nine lhi|>s of the 
line, three frigates, and one pontoon for 

Ships, &c. carried off by the enemy : 
Three ihips of the line, five friR.jter, two 
c«rvette^, three lighters, and «i^e brig 

^^lgazines fi*t t»j fire; The (leneral Ma- 
gazine, th.-;.t uf tlie Great Mafts, and that 
Killed L« H.-^ngard des Pntailief. Tiie maga- 
zine called tl:e Gre«t Hangnrd has not been 
touched, and a deal nf timber remauis in it. 
A r,ica: quiulicv of piovjfions of aU k*nds 
nie aUo left. The magazine c;illeti au Cable 
is full of grain, as likewile that of tlie Great 
Haii(;ard. The b^dlaft houl'e a!f'.> cumains 
a deal of hemp, 9t\<\ i\>^ building is left 
untoMclifd On the iSth v-^ D^cenilici , in 
liic moiri'uj:, ihu powder ni ig^zine oi' Ion 
I'omnict, and tliat of C.ipc Hrun, blew up, 
In the iii^ht Wtween the iStii and 19th, the 
frij.ilc L'lr'i-', an'.horetl near Crfie Tour, 
blew «:p. Sle fer\<*d .n.*- a powder mag;iZjne. 
I'lie exp-ofutn tiK»k pLce between 1 1 and 
IX at night. At two o'clock on tlie morn- 
ing of the 19th, the Tliemiftocles prifon- 
flitp blew up. No llone powder magazine 
was blown up. 

Imi'Ortast Imtelligemcb from thk East [ndiks. 

CaUurf.T, Th* phfvnix, Capt, Moore, iuft! frcnKhe N. W. co?ft of Ame ca, 
hrin2;^ihc l^ift fubilantiated :iccrH]nts wl.ich 
%ve have hca»d of the I'vfsoi the Lark, I :pr. 
Fefei«, vvhi.h letTcl v. as 6:!cd out 
this pr)rt fom^ years ago, at the commci tc- 
mrnt of ll-.of*! entrrpnzing expeditions to 
>«oorka-Sou d wfcch ^huve f:nce exi>tri- 
cncc*l fuch various fncct-fs and cvuff-d fo 
iehnus an ^lrc.i«t'ion between bing-:ind and 
Spain. 1 he Lat k was lo!> on Bet- rii g$ 
Ifland, oft' Kumfcliatka, and fereral of the 
crew got on fhoie ; but, owing to the hard- 
ships they undcCwent fn^m tlie inclememy 
of the cliiTiare, aiul Aam of necctlarics, only 
four furvived, who ucie relieved by a Ruf- 
iv\n velfel whicii carried tlicm to Siberia, 
uhcre thi y have met with the mi ill humane 
and attenTive trfatment from the Rulli. ns. 
They arc two portuguefe and two Lafcai*?, 
IHtd are ftill rerHling a- likulk in Siberia. 
^ Jiic Fiusnix foi'Bd Uk Bcal's Horbuur a 

P'ltuguefe fnow, coiv.mande.l by Cajitain^, of, vh-ch had wintered on 
th^N.W, coalt. TI.^: f> i:apl;.in h:id 
bj'u killed by ihe nati.-. ■ at I'ort Muigrave, 
wliohati attcmpttJ to '>» ;:rd riu velf-L 

An American fhip ItTc a man, to learn 
the langu:.g£, and ri'ade w.ili the nativts. 
Captain Moure hunianely fupphcil Iiini with 
fueh neceiraric*« as l:e could fpare. 

In a bay neirthp Green Ifiaivi^, a Kufliin, 
Captain Brfiamhoff, uho conniianded a (qua* 
dron of boais, came oo-board rhe Phornix, 
and informed Captain Moore, iliat he came 
from Kediac, :md was cruifing a!on^ the 
coaft in quefi of tlie nativrr, for tlie purpofe 
of c'.vdi?.ing them, acci^rding to orders from 
the Emprefs. He hail alfo received orders 
to treat the Fngtifh with the utmoA civility; 
in confeqneni e €»f which, he offered Captain 
M. eveiy atTiftance in his power to afford. 
T!>c Ruffians wei-e cre6) ing fnme works in 
CcxJwV River. Tl:e conamauder raenrion«*fT, 


. ■rabwac* on tte MsnisB ol ite a]4 

. IbShc 

Ai «M fanrard Ihii addnfi rik, Santuxi 
«« ftdlMlnM anuUvr upo^t*^ of 

' limit run ■ dcUiM wsaqot «( the opsn- 
WMoltbaannr- k wiH hafi^BcMnito' 
MMjea hm, tlwtiMt ■ MBcnt wii'kA 
lAw MT racMft pi iba inUll^MM uT da 
aw (artk. ttadwA a oa tlMflrtt uf jno^ 
1«« t«Mr f-^ iba ■rttUb CmOW « »fai. 
■odria), in BMkini HcpindaiM fur Hi* 

AfK A» MfiL-Itas WUrj MM op«n«il 
aiiwa tlw Cxt «n ifa iwadtiKh iiilbii^ 
M^ OS lb* iwcwy tnsfit ■ Jhwcty M«d< 
•dialbtbcaof iba.itbAtil, Midia^lVott 
' -w cwDpbutjt filenciri tb* •tmttf'$ tpU- 

-Ml. Jhffft.O«n ''H•I4.<T)^ 
I hwa tfa flMlam tu MfDcm na (b« ilie 

iW|i*Q«a«T*s BxTaaaiDiKAiv. We lun ih« baoaw M Enafmi: ■ corT of 

,1hflwU|l>fIa«,UMiiFl>"<>^™»o' Ca4iiDd KrutJiwwta'a ht dtfpatcb. wub a 

U.U t « .. -_._..__. ,.._. eapr oC Lm Ktiel«i of dpkulMkn, iijiip 

oArour wirmBft cmiratiiliiioMta jmo^ 
•n event fj htim-unb!* Mil imporUK to 
jruur imatO* in thu ca«i7, 
irmj . AUilwFranch lanientnu inB-figJ, 
—'— walluihob ourtw iwauaOt, lUM iwMi 
[iKiMdend lo Ua Brkilh imiL 

We IMM Uwhsaoaf to bt, with tfwpM- 
«fi refpcA, Hununbl* Sin, yottr Cixlibji ' 
hDmUtftitMi, Caji. 0«Kii.t«, 
onknditeviqj E. W. F4Li.a*i<LB. 

iNnr. and barmf T» Oi Urn. Sir OarUt OM(f, Bart.Guitn^ 
I all tb« nteeSbrj Im Ctuidl 

■■•afltutfaRtcfiiinir Cmmf aa ibr Bt4 ILlf-, Ag. 1$, 179J 

. . _ . .d Mtlf io tlia pitlcDl Honuunblc Sut, ; * 

■Md^ aai bave that happily lenniailcd. Capuin Bndiw^le, my aid de camp, wlU 
IHrmil m», on Oiii uccafuiv t" offigi lure the bntuwr to deliver thii to fjui it 
■J wannMl OM(ranilxioii>, and to cxprefi iiidotu coplei uf ni]f cornfjionJeiice with 
awdl-fnioiiileJ bofe, chat luimpcn^nL a Clurraunt, and a c->i'y uf rlu 
CMnan will alKHd aimptelc fccuniy Co inir lera» which h.uiunily UluOc induced cat 10 
In India. Tlwf reocli feiliemcnu granttulht Fien^li l<rrifoD, who in m.iny 
nd on the Malabar coafi liave all uillancei beliaveJ v^iry ill ; but it tv^mt , 
«i«d (o Elw BriEilb armt. tt«^y were an ler little ur no c<Hi:n.fil ulfhdc 

Om iQtalam, on the receipt of Mr. .ol^en:, who n-ere iHurlv in ^ppielMnfioii 
lUdwiaa imallfenGe, were biwoured hy Im llieir uwii livci:. ami thit itf I waa 
■be foUaft appr^Dtion oF tlie Gonemnr- grcally alarmed by repealed inEi>niwion thai 
Ctoeral ia CounciL Uiniuii Cornwallit bme iif t'lein h.<d furrouadud the Guret* 
dw m ii i i nil lo uIk ibe &r[t 0)>purtiiiuEy of nui'l lioule aiid incu«:il his life, and prcf- 
tiMing himlclf to the cuali; aod, u no fii- finKmil'} piilh forward ttielruopi, niiich 
|a« cooEd be rpjred to coavi^ him. he re- wu acciirdingly don: | flnd 1 iud ihe plea- 
Mlladiha Ttiioa loJiinian miiht be (enc lure tu leaiii tlial, tUaughamjtleis lud, fur 
ferlhn psrpnle, wlirch ladled fri'm Bengal a Ifaun linie, woin a di&gieeable appear- 
mlba^iAn' bll munCh, and 1 exjie^ her ancE, Iliey haJ nevtr li::d rcCiMirrB 10 ihclr 
Mm HI a lew dayL ami;, or any aft iif vialuUij; lUey weie 

I hvs Itw booour to he, kc. mull iy lii unit, and ftr^.ggiing ahouc in vari- 

Cbh. Oj( on; dircdiiuis, bji without ;<rnii | huwiVkr 
miul^l, y^n. 14, 1791. they have been moBly co'.leaed, and will, 
TbefeUowingdifpatchesweie Ibiimuin- balure n'shl, be pcrteAly (ccured in the 
mi received »*er land from liulia. by ttie ctiuich uf Almnnipan;. 
CowT of DireAun of llie EjA India Cam- I h.ive alfu the lunnur to irc'ofe a copy of 
P«y. Clisordenl illued ibit >I:iy, and to remain, 

Hon. Sin, Fari Si. Gieriit.^ii£.'H,ij^i- with lel'peA, Honuuriihle air*, 
WK have great fi'lifaRtiiiii In repiitTliiE to Vuur Vciy "hedietit femnt, 

r>«r hcuiurable coon, thai FaHfidieri/ h-ji (SicDcd) JuuH ftritTtLWlVT. 

. _ ...i^ ^ j 10 ifia >nry nader CoiuneJ 

■. Mao. ^'fltay i-gf. <^ 


Si TariUulars of tU Caftun if Pondicheriy« [] to. 

ITa Gtfural Bnubmniftt, CmtmMSmg im Chief Md. I fend yiM m olBctr of merit, whom 

ibe Emglijh Afm^* I hefeccb you to hear. 1 hope he will ho 

SIR, V^nHcUny^ Aitg. 2X9179^ ahltfto obtain from yoa a cipitnbAioni and 

Humanity and the imerefts of tliit colmiy, the twenty-ftior houit 1 have aDttd. I have 

haye engaged me to propofe a capitulatioa { the KOnoiir to boi with the higheft confi- 

I a(k» in confeciiitnce, four and twenty deration, Sir, yoor T^ry humbtoy and very 

hours lo riduCcT it to form ; during wh^ch obedient Ser vane, 

time you will e(labK(b» as well as me, a per- (Signed) Ch t a mont. 

\t&, uifprnfion of arms, and ceafe tn conti- To Af. Qheiwmt^ Gwermr ^TtndicUrry^ &r. 

nue your workt agaiilft the place, a^ 1 fliaU I have fjiid in my letter to MnuC Chei - 

ceafe to coiuinue mine in its defence. mont,, in furrendering at diferetiou, he 

I have the honour to be, with the moft per- might omfide in the humanity and genero- 

feAedeem, audtke h'gheft cnnfiiieration, Sir, fity of a brave nation ; hut, as he defires aflli- 

Yonr muft humble and obedient fervant, ranoes to quiet the mi<ids of fuch as are 

(signed) CiiiRHoNT. alarmed at the idea of furrendering at dif- 

7V Xf. Chtrmsntt Gyvernu- of FonHcofrry^ Crecion — 

^c. ^c. ' I. I pi*nmife, tliat if the place, with all 

SIR , G*imp hff'^re VsnJuherryt, jiug. 2, 1 793. public property, ftores, ammenitioi}, arms, 

Humanity, and the real itttereft <if tlie oritnnnce, treafure and proviAoos, is faith- 
city uf PoildicLei ry, indtic^'d metonlfcrycm fiiUy delivered up, all private pnoperty be- 
the moft himourable and hnmane terms on tonsing to iiJiviiiuals (hall be (aved and in- 
my a|>pearing before thi< place, with fuch a vioLibls : it being underftuod tiiaC arms, 
fu{«riority of force as entitled me to f^y, warlike or nnval l^res, tliough in the lumds 
that humanity alone induced me to make of pi iv.ite merchmts, mud be coiifldered »i 
tliofe offers. puMic property, and faiUi fully delivered up 

You, Sir, confriry to the dilate- of hu- a^ futli. 

manity, and tlie real interelts ui the Colony II. 'flie place mud be furrendered ro the 

under your command, rvjc^lrid thole term*:, troops that I (hall fend to take poffeflfion, as 

ai^l, witlimit jitif probability of dift:n«.e, foon as itiey appear at the Madras and Vel- 

continued to fire upun my people, to do as lenoiir Gaees. The En^ifti troops, aful tde 

much mifchii f 35 you could ; and noH' thtt Kativetnwps in llie Britifh fervice, Itaall bc- 

my batteries are opened, vou begin to have witli good order and difcipliot . the 

ihmk of humaaky, tJiat is, tor your own Fiendi trtiops miift do the fame. 

pei>ple, for you have indicated none for I IT. The Garrifon mud lodge their arms 

thofe under my command ; but, thank God ! in the arfenal, and march out withiuit arms 

they are not in a fituatioik to require it. or colours. They will be confidered as 

Maueft being thus circtundanced, I will prifoners of war, and treated hutnandy as 

give you till to-morifw morning, at eight fuch. They ihall be marched to Aria 

o'clock, to furrender at difcretion, and tniil Coupang (the Native troops excepted, who 

to the knewil humanity and generofity of ihall have liberty to go where they pleafe), 

the Rnglifti nation. Till then 1 will ceafe and liKlgetl nnd fed there, till tents, &c. can 

to fire, nnleCi fired upon, Init I will not be prepared to fend them to Madras ; and I 

ceafe V) work ; and if a Chot is fire J finom plcJge myfelf tifby (ball be feut to Europe 

you before the furrcnJer of tlie place> all by tfie firt^ opp«»rtun''ty. 

further applicacinn will be unneceflary. If tV. With regard, to the ofiicers, thry 

the place is furrendered, the whole may Ihall wea: their fwords s^ ^ prifoners on 

depend upon fecurity to their lives* and that tbe^r parnleu of honour, referring Iheir pri- 

liheral treatment which the Englifh nation vate properties. 

alw:iys (heus to its prifoners. In (hort, V. Hodages, two officers of rank, mud 

they (hall be treated as prifonei'S of war be fent to me befnre nine o'cl.ick to-morrow 

furrendering tliemfclves into rite luniU of a morning, for the faithful ac(]uiefcence to 

hnKVe and booouralde people. — Prerife^y at theft tcrmaa And on the arrival of tbofe 

eight o'clock to-morrow morning I (hall hnd^iges 1 will fend troops to take poifelfiDii 

begin to fire, w't!t no intenti(Hi of ceafing, of the place, and to ef^rt the French fol- 

till I am edablifhed in the full pnlleliloa of diers t» Aria Coupang. 

Pondicherry. You have once. Sir, refufed VI. Rigour would juilify me, under prc- 

a fair and honourable olfer ; this is ihs (V- fent circumdances, in inf^ding upon lurlher 

cond ; and 1 believe a third is never mide. terms ; but humanity induces me to<^ 

I have the honour to be, S*r, your mod perfoas and private property ; and ih; in- 

«bedient and very humble (ervant, hibitanls remaining in Pondicherry, pto- 

(Signed) JoMsf HaATHwaiTc. vided they demean themfelves with di« 

To Generml Btathwaite. obedience to our Govenuneot and lawt. 

SIR, VcnJUberiy^ .^uf : ? , 1793. ihall be treated and confidered as inhabitants 

The cruel (imation ia which mvfelf and uniler tke proCcAiou of the Britifh Govern- 

a number of brave men hjve found them- mcMt. 

fcKes and which I belirved wa^ k'nowa to Vil. Th^ if fiaaL If noc accede CD by 

;^eu, h» Curced us to the condu^ we have iImi 

l i arfc i cMi ja^iP tbtir Strml iam, ami la 
ittftr ritiblllBird chviAv Cir bnniy mnft 
b^ Mtibut^ ifc* fwMfi sf iIk pmO* ^ I. 
, Md (Mr tmtanflitmJl. ncr riniTl'" 

TojbMitccrMsfia4i4Awliia«Mfqb , 
fy »lMl^mbd«t ta b wHMft ibaiAa 

FtlMlfliM. Tim BWMmi toibi Ifcat 
toiikpltt* *Kitt HMniing oftlwyMJsw 

■ bv loba iHMwidl, il^, IM bMA 

oMiM of tbob wbafc|V*pb tfawUx^ 
Uiw .Gbrlnbto aiyiaM ft* utafaMklcbiU 
■4 foi^ arb^ tec fur ihi«M< 

^^Bf^h^ny |0( II, dru von arb^tex far ihi«M< 

Ch—rfAiiwgo^ifaliai^f. tarca, -RB hm M««^ pmlM af 

AAUaBWBBirtwillaufaaBritilbCwa- L'lucanAMnraf hI>i% aff FWitCaa«% 
^■idM'tailan^frauirbcliunuiuTy.whicb ia <ha tMa of l,ao|«R*, da bar wqp f 
i> ihc diOiticiBQMilctiar^prlAic of a'bnve Pctii Trow, haviag uuiviiTid bvwal n 

Ua ha ^waJtbc nbuk [airilim juid Ihc Jcremia, wv tilcm b; tb* Brj^ Fripnt 

Cpenitt o( uJiviiluali, which the ri^iil Peneloiia and Ipliiganm. Tba '~~t^ftinn 

at aiHH wmiU liavcjuAifi«l li'm in fired iwa ar-itna bnadfldM bcfara tut 

tn^iofaUHrwiA. Be tu* fpuvd u bdc- Arixk. wd had abaot twoqtj »■) kilW 

nr thj enminu^ id aA oflbaCnIy aaJ ils- and wouad«l> Tha Schooner Ooranm- 

•nttinElrwhikuuiftiilcaiil, butu'haCunk ClLotan,lii«d«dil MJnvaana.uakanbaw^ 

gndcrtlia ferft ioiPiaffiMii uf Itu fupcriia'. naar aahuairad palfanpri, flyiot br Ihdtpr 

fcrcc. Aftoatad bf che ftniB fentlaicnii, befora tha S^o«, and canitd IbaB If 

h( ha* no dodii but Ihac thewhulaaf tt» Jcicm-a. 

army nndar hit mmiiund nil! confiJer ■ ■ ■ 

tbeir mfirtaattJ and unAjitun (e rririia>n Scotlamk. 

outW (being iKw ibeir prilunen) to F.ill/^ii^bi.Jtii, 6. Ifaii day tba coon 

Ihdrnioft^tsniHicatteii[,ua, pri>cccd«>i id trie trial a( WillluD Skininf, 

Ii i« DM*iiocdLrY fur liim, at t'lis lim* of la[e ic-uiit in Damhaul, dcGciut^hiaifelf ot 

d^, to fire tti th » fi> cniineudy diiliu- Stcntlirmlia, refijiag to Edinburgh. H« i* 

(uitfied armr ai7 orikis oiithaL heaJ ) the (CCTifed, >c themnxncboE hit Maicliy'i Atl- 

Generali noder whom ibqr luve (ervcd vocatc, uf ciiculating. orciuliagtobednar 

hivciaufhi Ihna, Ibal in MieiDy cmqucred I^tol, a feditioui writing or paliar, djtad 

ii an coemy DO more ; autl he it couvmud " Dunilge Bcrcan M«tuig-liou((, lo^ 

that iha ifriliib boi^s, abnot lo garrifoii iT9i>'' Thii a tba ranw bjnd-bill ibr wnii£ 

PoodkherTy .■esnqiitroriiorahoaiioiakc Mr. Palmer wai (Dnienced to uaafpon* 

tbiSmeaf Fiench piifiineri, VklU coiivinca a;ion. He i> further cliargcd wiib luv- 

bob the iiihibitaiiti and ibeir prifuaeii, ii>g been a roeinber of a ItiCiety deoon^ 

dial tbey can be at orderly. leneiou!, aod n^ied, '* Frkndt of the P(o|>l(," which am. 

hnoiVK, in the difcltargeuf thalc iluli«,aa U Edinbuitb, OA'ibcr 4. 1793) aikl of ha*a 

Ifan have IiaD a^ive and brave in tlie du- ing then cumpoled or wutten a {eJitioia and 

lictaftheirencbeF. infl*Biiii»loiy band-bill, calli^ upoa oUwr 

To a «liearCult uoaaimgut, wd lealoet, fcditioot afliieiaiiotu lo coaTocue UgettiaT 

84 Intertfting huUigmi ffm Scotland antiU Oimirj. [Jut 

and hoUing oat threatenings asuiift tbofe 
who ftuj Qoanitntl their feditiouf procced- 
sir;s ; or, »t leaft, chat he did recommend 
and approve of the faid hand-Mil, which, 
anoo'ig other things co lUmeJ inllagesy call- 
ing upon diffismic denominatitms of the 
people, in its oAulmgoage, all the rabble, 
to deaiaiul, with the firm and energetic 
voice of juilice, the peaceable i-eAttutum of 
their rights. This hand-biH alfo ciiri^iined 
tlie ch.nks of the meeting'io Mr. SKirving, 
for haung invited focieties to join in the 
co.nmon cAufe ; and add^, '* Had certain 
gentlemen coonteninccd tlm a(li>ciaii(>n Uft 
ye u*, infteau o: pUdging ihtir lives and ior- 
tur.o to priimpt :\ cr.nujir and ambitious .tii- 
mi^ry f eiiga;e in a war which could only 
b' ing guilt and niin on rlie n.ition, we might 
h:tvebecn llitle«ijoyiiig unommon prolpe- 
ril", anJ a hapi)y underftandmg amting our- 
fclves as brethren. And now, if tliey «ill 
not maofuily retraA that very impolitic (lep, 
and imniediaiely join their influence to ilie 
only meafurei which cm prevent fui th«r ca- 
lamity, if not anarcliy and niin, their pie tge 
miy be forfeited, and tlte friunds of the peo- 
ple will be innocent. By order of tlie Com- 
mittee. W. Sk.rvin«." 

The Libel further ftates, That^ in confe- 
queiice uf this liand-hill, a meeting was held 
ac Edinburgh in OAciber, which prefumptu- 
cnfly and fedlti(>ufly'am>gated to themfelves 
the names of tlie ** Britiih Qpnveittion of 
ZMegatri of the People, afltKiaied to obtain 
Vniverfal bulfHgeand Annual rarliainents;" 
and that the Memhevt of this AfTocialion did 
in Odloher, November, and i>f cember laft> 
In imitation of the French Convent i<Hi, call 
each other by the name of Citixem^ divide 
them lei ves imo feAutns, apiKiint committees 
of various kinds, ftich tfy of organiaaticm, 
of inftrudlion, of finance, and of feciecy { 
denominate their meetings fittingly grant 
bonotirs of fitt ng< i and uifcribc their mi- 
nutes with the firtl year of the Britiih Cun- 
Tention. And (he (aid meeting came to va- 
hifn1^ icilitious refotutionc. 

The Libel concludes, that all, or part 
thereof, being found pRiiven by the verdiA 
of an aiiize, William Skirving iMight to be 
pmvlhed with tlie pains of law. 

When the iiidicbnent was re kI over, he 
was a(ked by the Lord Jul\ice Clerk, whr. 
ther he \v.i$ guilty or not gutky ? To this 
be anfwered, <* 1 am confciout of no guilt, 
my Lord." 
Lord Jui^ice Clerk— U.*ve you any cnun- 


Fanncl— I liave the misfortune to have 
none, my Lord ; but ih dl do tlie bed I cm 
iu my own defenc:. 

Lord juitice Cleik— -Would you wilh 
now to have counfcrl ? 

Pnnnel— I would ; bat it might be taking 
mnx gcntiemm ima-vni rs. 
- r/MT court then proceeded to the exaroina- 
iitAa of wkiu/Tcs, 

He condoled bis defence witbodt tb« 
aflifUnce of agent or counfel. 

After a long uial, which laAed till one 
o'clock on Tburfdaf morning, Mr. Sktrv« 
ing was fo«nd gailty of fedition,. and fen- 
tenced to 14 years tranf|)ortation. 

13. The Lord Provoft and Magiftrates 
fi)lk>wed up their Proclamations, by alfem- 
bli'^g an immenfe body of ofRoers and others 
to keep the peace ; thiey iflued an order that 
no hackney-coaches (hould ply in the flreet5, 
aud in the morning the Lord Provoft ap- 
peared at the head of the force collected Co 
difperCie any tumtdiuous cavalcade tliat might 
accompany Ma>garot to the court. About 
ten o'clock Mr. NLirgarot and hi^ friends ap- 
peared, furronnJed by a multitude of peo- 
ple, all on foot, anil ranf^ in rank and filei 
bearing a whit** ftii;, on which was infcribed 
thefe words, La^u, Liherty^ Rfrnfin, 'Jufike^ 
and Truth, The mob had no weap<*ns of 
any kind, and were peifeA!y quier. As 
fiion as thty made tlieir appearance emering 
the briiige from the new- town, tlie Provolt 
and his cavalcade marched forward to meet 
them, and tlie two bodies met on the bridge. 
The magiftrates innmediately feized the flag, 
difperied the multitude, took feme of the 
moil forward of the m6b into cuftody, and 
then proceeded to the parliament houfe with 
Margart)t and his friend Mr. Brown, where 
they left him to take his trial, while they 
went to hold a council to deliberate on what 
further fteps they fbou!d take for the pre* 
fervation of tlie peace. 

The trial commenced immediately; the 
court, overruletl all the obj«r£ttons which the 
prifoner made — 1>ts challenges of the jury 
ttiey reCifted— and eveiy preliminary mo- 
tion which he made they fet afide, and the 
j;uy were impannelled. 

The trial lafted till three o'clock on Tiief- 
day morning, when fentence of tr.«nfporta« 
tiou for 14 yeprs was paifid upon him. 

Alexander Cal lender, indit^ed for a (fmi- 
lar offence, having faUed to appear, was 


'J AH. 4. A few days fince a fire broke 
out at the Manfion honfe at (7v«iMt^/^,nfnr 
Xrackley, in NortliampionAiire, w Inch burnt 
with fuch amazing rapi'iity, that in a few 
hours W\t whole of that noble {tru^ure was 
deftreyed, leaving only the baie wall« (land- 
ing ; gtvat part of the furnicffrewas faved, 
but fome calh in gold was melted, and a 
London bank n(4e burnt. Tlie houfe (land- 
ing upon an eminence, the fire was feri at a 
great diftance. This houfe was built eaily 
in the beginning of this cent-.ii7 by Charles 
Howoi efq. who married the heirefs of the 
Pargiters, who pofTeft this manor before 
the reign of Elizabeth. 

Jan. 6. The Rev. John Butr, M. A. late 
of St. John's college,. Cambridge!, was una- 
nimooSiy tIbGtoA Ma&ec ^IxbR Pcee Gnm- 


didaa nf rirlUmwt wiiti ihiMliiwiM, ^Hut 
aMd eiadi fawdt ' . ' 

oTwUdxIapMvblki «MNMnta of a^ 
Goaffitwtion, ten, MdnUro^ aai tin 
fepiritr of dl tnol (Kb^. 

llM anni of Uia ABM Pai««r»,- mJ dw 
dwv whicb hu nkM place ia tb« pa>r*l 
Ji^^Ei«¥. IkM tbi — 

Tfe« Oaind PnmncM bi^ bMO fn>- - 
a«l from ionfioo. Tha 4«fcian »*• 
Bcbndt bare liian racoi - - 
id«4,a«d piKt«a(CM6Mi 

taan'docfci aad dMwc _ _ . 
fcMijbr, aailiHifatlw^A^ npoDopto- 
iMtta llllMlMI I ftN fBuha faurft ool 

*• hSta'iMr hay I indS w« wUi ibf- 

. RiiT*ue«L CMioaiCLt* 

a dnMMfin fanfcaMtio the boob of & 
hBtter-dnMeT in Dock-biu, Wirdour- 
iln«(. Ttw fijmei liid sained x ircnt af- 
CT m dai t y be(0'« Itw airiT^ of lIm cnginet | 
and when ■ hnv of ihem ilul come, it wai 
to diAcult to procure wwrr, Ihat the pipei 
were fi^tpUcd w:th In^-beir [lom iba 
brewboub id Peter.-flmt. Tha engino 
4id not get into play till four o'clock, at 
■ wbicti timei Hk flamei ntedwilh (ochKirr, 
that tber communiMcd to the Ixnrei on (ha 
«(tpafiic &Je of the war <a ^^ ^""^ ftr«et, 
aod IhcTKE exnn-'ed lo Berwick and £J- 
wanl-lirer', TInrteen huufei "fere en* 
brelT burnt d'nrn, and it four o'clock in 
(be eTcmnf the firemen were pbyins wiih- 
oot imerniilliiin. The hLie »ai feen at 
feranl mil«t diftaoce. We are happf w 
iiate, that no live* have been loA. 
Salu-iLy, Jm. tl. 

Thil morning a tire bruice out in the h«t- 
kwle of Mr. Paikrr, of Soitlh Lambeth, 
which canfomed [tuny valuable (xmiCF, 
anong which were feTeral Botany Bay 
pUnu. The flames were very (iercE, and 
threw the whole neighbourhood into the 
ipvjteft cauOenialioa i providentiall]' the 
dMuge WM coobned la Mr. Patker's pre- 

Thi) day hii Majelty went in Date to 
ibe Ouah of Ftcn, tad opeaai (be Selluw 

Alba* ia (ha fleolb if tanft i-4faa HApo. 
nty poffidfioA of tba Tmp mi tttt ^i 
TtadouhN irMM^^illiiaWj fca apwi lhjM 

impamot aad dKifivrMow k''« ba aK|i *Mi 
iDttaeiraMi«fMNl''bf At ooMtef^ jUli- 

audfbrcei, buChbTf*»>*' buid. 

The Fnoih have be^ ririvin fra 
potr-jliint and filKiCr X.Veiarfu^. 
and important and valuable ocqiafitioof bavo 
been made both in (ha £bA and WoA laJif*. 

At fea our fuperiocity ha* been n>difpn- 
Ced, ind our commaixa fo efleaoally pro- 
teaed, thai the loffei foftaiaail have been 
iacnnflderahlB in propnniun lo ka extant. 

tNde of tha aiieray. 

Tha circamflincet by which (ho furthor 
pro^reTi of the Alliei hat been hiihnta im- 
peiledi not oaly prove ike nrcc^y of vigor 
and peKeveranca o-i ouf part, hutal'ttv 
fame time contiim (he ci|wc(ai!Dn of uUi- 

i'ii't enemiei have derivsU the mcaQfof 
temrorary exeniim from a fyflem w hich 
hi-- enabled iliem to ^tpgfe irbilrarfly of 
ihf livM an I properly of a aumerout peo- 
p'p, and wliich openly violate* every re< 
llr.kit of iaftice, hum.miTy, and religion. 
But ihdii etfbrfs, proilufl^ve it they nc«er- 
farily have bi»ii of internal dircoment and 
cwiftifioii in France, hi\e alio (ended ra- 
l»i,'ly to exhauft the natural atid real 
ftrcngth of that coan'ry. 

AlihouKh J cannot boi regret tha necellary 
coriinuance c( Ibe war, 1 OtnoM ill coWt 
die cOentiil uuenft li wf ^'m^, •^ ^ 


defirqDi of fmoe on any frwmds biH' united cxertt o n s ■■ their dnamtiniUDce or 
fiich as m:iy provide for their permanent relaxation could hardly fSrocuie even a ihort 
faTc? y , Mid for the independence and iiscunty interval of delofive repole, and could never 
•f Europe. terminMe in fecohty or peaces 

The attunmcBt df theie ends it ftill ob» Imprefled with- the necetficy of defendktf 
It u^led hy the prevalence oi a fyilem in all that is moft dear to tts» ami relying, as 
France equally inciimpatilile firiUi the hap- we may with canlu!ence» hn the valeur and . 
pinefs of that country, and witl^ the tran* refoorass of the naCiony'tMi ths conibioed 
^lillity rf all other njtiont. eflbrts of fo targe a part of Serope^ and 

Viulcr thi^ impreffion, I th<iughc pr«iper above all mi tht: tnoonteftddile juilioe of our 
to m/'-ke a derUraiinn of lie vi::w^.llKl prin- caufe, let us render our condiiA a coniraft 
di[Ae& by which I am giiiUed:-^ have ur- to that of onr.enemiesy andf by cultivatins 
ilereO a o^py of itiis i<ecl.-irati<in to he l.iid and priAifing the principles of hnmanity 
beffircyou. together with copies uf fever^ and the duties of religiou, endeavour to me* 
dim entii^ra ami treaties u iib diifisr«*nt rit the continuance of tlie Divine fiivour and 
powers, by which ynu will perceive tviw protection, which have been fo eminently 
large a part of Eui^ipe is nnictsd in a caufe experienced hy thefe kingdoms/' 
of fnch p^eneral concern. In tine lioufe of ExirdSy an addrefs wai 

1 ref)«6l vmh unfpe^kable CitliifaAion on moved by the fiarl of Stmir, and feconJed by 
the ftcAi'y hiyalty and firm attachment to Lord AacUmtid Ttje Earl of GuiU^d pro* 
X\\c ei\ab:.(heil conftifuttnn jnd g-fvemmentf pofed an amendment ; and en a divifion tha 
which, n.,t-A iihOnnding the cnnttmied efllirts addrcfs was carried by 97 ;^inft iz. 
employed 10 miflead and to feduce, Inre In che Comnwnfy Lord CliefiUn introduced 
been !o p,?ncrany prev;klent among all r;«nk5 the addre^, and was feoondcd by Sir Ptur 
•f my pt-ople. IhcfeientiniCQt shave been. BurrtU. 

eroiiirnii)- mantiedcd in .'he ie:il and alacrity Mr. Tox moved an amendment* ^ That 
of tl}«: militia to provide for o*ir iniernal d«^ his NLije'y would be pleafed to enter into a 
fencK, ntYd in the* diftingeifhed bravery and ocgochition for tha ellablifhment o£ peace 1 
fpirU ilit'pl.iyrd on eveiy occa6on by my and that, the natuie of the Governmem 
forces ho U by lea and land : They l:ave fliould be no oKftacle to that oegociatiaB.'' 
inatn::<irf! the luftre of Cte Biiiifli Name, Mr. Vitt having replied ;. die aJdrefs was 
and Inve 1' ewn thenffelvct wr>r:hy of iba carried by 277 agiinft jf^ 
MefTvi^s which it IS the obic^ of aU our WedimfJUy 19. 

cxertioffs to ireferve. The Purfers of the Dublin, Phoenix, Gc« 

Gentknien of the Himie of Comnuuis nerai CndiUrd, Airly <:aftle, fitlex, axu^ Afi •» 
I have ordered ihe nceJTary ettim.itesard rrceived th'^xr fiail difpatches from the Eal^ 
jcciwuis to be laid before yon ; and I am \y\A\a llnuf- , wih which they pmeeecicd to 
pcrfmded you wdl be reaiiy to make fuch their refpectiv- fh:p£. AU tlie (hips are or* 
pravifion as tlie exigencies of the time may ds red round toPr.rtfnvHithtt) mveitlicaMivoN • 
rKjTure. 1 f«-el tuo fenfibly fh^ repeatcil Tlie Conn p.c.y lav «^ now uifpatcbed thirteen, 
pnofs which I h.ive rrc«vcd of the affix- Tlie i.'oriiurjiioq of Loniion have agrv.'ed 
tion ^i my fobjriAs not to lament the ne- to peiitirm parlriment relative to taking 
ceiliv of any ai'ditiona httftlien«- down tlu houf<?s in the Strand, and rendering 

It H howvver a givat confolation tome to the weft entrances into the ciiy from the 
obfervt* th^ fjvounble Ante of the revenue, Strand and Holbom, more commodious. Seo • 
and rhe romplrat incCt.fs nf tlte mcofure the Reports at large, p. 44. 
which was bft y«ar attoptcd f«ir removing i^'iday 31, 

Che **robai ralTinents alfcdlmg commercial Several regimenis are 10 he raifcd in Scoti 
credit. land, to confilT pf toco men e.)di- Mieyare 

Gicat as muft be the extent ^f onr exer- to be le\ led on the fame terms as Seaforth*s. 
ti(<n<, I tiud you will been ahleil to provide To each regiment of Militia, it is fad, a 
for them in fncti a manner as to avoid any troop of Dragoons is to be att.-iched. Thefe 
prcfTure v^bich could be feveicty felt by iny are to he raifed and paid as the Militia now 
peoplt:. are. The great utility of itiis is obvious, as 

My Lord', and Gentlemen, it will leave ;tll tlie regular c»vali-y at liberty 

In all your deliberations you will on- to ferve wherever exigimcies nuy require, 
doubti'dly benr in mind the erne grounds For^mes. As a caution to eammerci.1l 
and ongin of the war. An attack wa:> made people every wheiT, whofe dealings are fair* 
an us anti on our Allien, founded on princi- it cannot be too much known. 
-pies which tend to deftroy all iMt>peny, to 1. That Bank mtes, forged, to a great 
fubvert the laws and religion of eveiy civi- amount, are in circulalion on the 

liz'-d nation, and to intnHluce univerfally Nonh £aft border of France. 

tiat wild and deftniAive fyftem of rapine, 1. That iii London three prelfes are at 
anarchy, and impiety, the eflbAs of wlrch, work for the forgery oi a^gmts. 

as they have already been manifefted in As this maft be inevitably faul to people 
TrTfnr^, fiimifli a drondful, but ufeftil lellbn of property, both fides iknuld concur to 
earAepr^ent.igeandtopot}ehty. . excormiiiita fotU viUaiay with rig^r. 

ft 4m!y remains far os topedeftn ia our \-K\^VM , 

^ ^XMMin^ lilt fbt'bdr henmc pmtpmt^ m4» ator tlw 
• iiDi fitrLa* f«p0Ci«i of ^h» oerMMOf ill If^lani, ti* 

•ilirI'MMI. ' -wtt Miveral hj Dr. Thjr«» « « fc% 

wbolt fiok in life vw 44fivNd * opon ' thb 

ldftiH|bnr« wM9 rule in li» «« taffNd upon 

TW.lJ4rVJil^^tl>>«BSr^.1l Mlitof Hie Mt^wMdwV^ M<ifty^ 

^KMiflR. ^>^ - . ^ coami»4 b iafHiKirf in dSSoM CdwiiM. 

f^iff ^ V^ Srt^M^fHi i(R|. ft'lfavi. tftaditif y imot lilt ■OB'^wfcnBjBev of Hm 
'» lh«^ WMilV tetfb in 

> AK*«^«piM^teMbmW^yni«Kh. MtfTiafe Mramonf , bat onthe kina ta«a- 

ffia<lMlHriii tfi» irfyof wntom pM*Ti)rtlMFriiic«to«biitnft«fiMivnt«i 

qf kodul-lMll, ca TorlLt ani mi p nitj crwted hy in >a of Pifiamwi 

g^vitnUf kflDwa by tht inme of fbt &<ifil 

■■itMn»i%iA«gMw. fioa0^ettdMC4l(Mrg« II. «xoeatftidi«f 

•'C tWUi^or&aml fkadMnora Har^ BMrbebom of PrinefObi fluuriu iiii*f«* 

liHp^ 4rGUMMta> atefhiM'. rtipi Emilici, UttUbcaiiHMeorcoitnAini 

' M IEMmbN AeMSfof JanM Liod- marriafe bdbniibt «fi of tsytmy.witb* 

fivO|nia|gl^«iq.ata. omtlwkjnf'fconlempranouflf li^aMii « 

9. in* Mtt-trBBi, di* Ladf of WiOini CoiMidlitti«t,incafeliif M^ellf (hooUr*- 

r»0fi|-afiA Mtbireovfirat, vifibdidetaHbatthMriis 

TlwUiy^SirClttritiWatfiiDybst. . attainvdthiractof t^fHdv^ and wift'ii^ ii/ 

ifair. many^fbinddAailflr te mntt iif thffier- 

I4p At lMrlMiiftlillUrlisr.||iMf Ladf fon,tD«li9nilMorfbrwiOMIr*beiiiiic«i^ 

&afta% BdmbBBT. to the Kjsf aid Mvy-cooneii, and, at ifia 

iSyWifiof Mr.9.abi«werr at axpiratlaaof is «ai«te from tho daio «r 

tfafttioaboyit wtao^widitbe fatihnotlficatfoo, fodi defbandsotlboaldlie' 

y««liiC«lTCDdoiv«IL aclibaityioMarnr4iBptftalb«aaMd,,«i^ 

Yf. AT tMi llota^ nev MaidftoiM^ tha kftttntwolfafciof Tj ril m wm fcooid ia 

Boa; Hrt.Tplidr, My of Jcffan T. afii. ^ thtliNMtftMtaiiiapntaiedadrtfbtj^cho 

dNItarolllia.-lateLordRomndyiadaugh. Xinf agaiiift fdcb marriifik And tin aft 

17. At lffft.Ive^ in Norwich, the lidf. daobrv ill mMTiifn eonmaad by ot^f 

flr^m-Bofftaviet^ofij^ aC tlpparHailfly. A^flMdy taf 0>oiia M- wapt at 

Ana^ ftlbn. ompiadf withoot a cumpflinoa' wlA' 

floiL Mnu ViAibOf of Lics*6dnf% fbrait tlhafaui atfAady ibfehMly'aall 

CMH^vto. void. It if not pMtodad tfai^ thiUig't 

at. The LaJy of THomai MAoffoa, efq. confent was givao of aflced i bir» «i tho 

of ft0lhley4e«iple» co. Lcierfter, a fon. ncher haad» it sp|teart- that a nairiaffi hit 

at. At Somerfinnl, co. StaflbrJ, ttie Lnd/ been cetebnted in the te» of the Churdv 

of the Hon. £dward MonclUon, a (Ltoghter. with all the farntt m feribed by hw foneretf 

The Ladv of Wm. RnfTely eiq. ef PewidL, man ami woman m England not defended 

CO. Woromcr» a (bo. from G«orge 11 . and ths^ ifltic h?.s h^m S ^n 

16. Athtshoufein Abchurch-lanf, Mis. of that morruge, fiich as it is. Hnt as tHe 

FkietUn^ lady of F. F. efq. of the Ueoeral cde is to come /w^/bAVvs wofhall (jiy ?ni more 

FoA office» a (bo. upon it at prefent} leaving it, as u*e arr bound 

a9. At hi$ hou(e in Ltncoln*t4im-fidds, to 60, to the tribunal competent to ilccule a 

the Lady of Mr- Serjeant Doiid, a daa{;htcr. qoeftion, u-hich inrolvcs no iefs import o< 

II a matter tlian the eventual inheritance of the 

MAkRiAC»t. crowii. Lidy Augufta b daughter to the 

LATELY, in Italy, according to the Earl of Dunmore, at prefent gTvemor of cb% 

forms which retider marriages valid la Baliania illands, and a yoonger branch of the 

thatcountry, Hi^ Ruyal Utghiiefs Prince Au- Doke of Athol's family. Her fortime iicer- 

gollos FredehclL to La'fy Ansnfta Murray, tainly flender ; but, it hirth miglit ginv pre- 

1.0*1 any objeflion fb'uild arife co the mar- tenfiwns to great alliances, t1ici« is no Prince 

riag^ on account of i!s lia\ ing been fn- in Europe who cmilU fay a match witii 

lemni2od in a foreign c^mutry, and by a mi- Laily Angurta would difgrace \m rank^ 

nifter one of tiie church of Eng'and, the She is fpning from every thing chat is n'^He, 

paKies on their i eturn, had tfve b.inns pnb- every thing that is royal, in EiigHn ^ at ItA(t' 

lilMI at St. George's dmrch, Hanover- of the Plantdgract flock ; and alfo fn>m the 

l^nare, on three fuccefHve SnnOayt, by the mod illullrioushoufes on the continent-; tor 

namef of Angufhis Frec'erick and Ai^ufla her ancet^or the Couivefs of Perby (w.f.- to 

Muiray. No titles were mentioned, and James Earl of Derby, behaded at BoUon, 

the deigyman whi puhlifhcd the banns, and whofe daughter, Lady Amelia-Sophin-Sm<i- 

who afterwards married them, on the 6fth ley, carried tl>e forereignty of the ifle cf 

of December laft, molt prgltfibly thoaght Man into the Mm ray family) was daughter 

^•derick war .i fumane, and never fafpt^' to Claude Due dt U Tf imouiiU \v\ "^ v\\\^v ^ \» ^ 

€4 t^M eht tr.Jegfxjem WM a prmet of tkt the Lady ChAtVVoU«-Uv3Ji«Qj4Sv9.\A l^aJ^iu^Vx^ 

m • 

mSe, daughter to tberapoirned Caum WiU Rct. Mr. BocUandt of the Adelphi» to 

liam of Nai£Mi| Princerf Oranp, jod bis mttp Mn. Lamherf) of the Stnod. 

Charlotte of BiaUm. At FrodOum, 6a Chefter, Daml k&Ai^p 

Edward Hall» efq. of Ladolazie, to MiCi efq. of Park- place, in that ooiattv, to Mi|> 

fireenwoody of Uncolnibire. Allea, onijr d^oghter of the late Win. A. efq^ 

Mr. DuOlowy attorney I to Mi(s Gates, ofFrodlhain. 

both of Town Malliog, KenL lo. Rev. Thomas Catteli, reAor of Berkfr 

At Newcallle npciii lyne, T. W. Cut, well, co. Warwick, to Mifr Mill^ of Bar- 

•fq. oC Gray's Ion, to Mils Frances Morton, ford, m tlie fame county, 

of Oufeboui n. ■ At BonifT, Col. Patrick Dufl^ in the Eaft 

CapL Jol)oManieU,of Weyrooiitli,toMifs lodia Company's fervice, to Mi£s Hay, oC 

Spicer, otily daughter ot ttie late Mr. Ste- Mountbhiirye. 

phen S. H hu kept the Golden Lion inn. i r. At Ulverfton, co. Lancafter, Georflp 

. At SheAield, Rev. George Smith, corate of Harrifcm, efq. to M ifs Mary Kilner, daugh* 

Trinity churcli, co Mils Rot«rts, dauglUer of ter of tlye late Capt. K. 

Mr. Samuel Roberts, roerchanc At Weymooth, Mr. Wame, an eminent 

At Bofton, CO. l.incttln. Rev. Mr. Bate, of furgeon and apothecaryi to Mils Raven. 

Etton, Co. Nunhamptoxi, to Mifs Sharpe, of 13. Rev. Wm. Bradley, B. D. vicar of 

Craiitham. Ham llead«>N orris, and of Weft Heodred, 

At WaUhamftow, W.ilkelyn, efq. to ' Berks, to Mifs Mar? Badger, of Gingc- 

Miis Holhiooktf, dMi. and niece of Meilirs lioufe, in the fame county. 
H. tfreweis, with a fCutune of io,ocol. At Batli, John Hornby, efq. eldeft fon of 
jAft. 1. Mr. Evans, of GiVton-llr. Soho, Gov. H. of Hook, Hanti, to Mils Wynne, 
fuigeuii. to Mifa Lucas, daughter vf tlie Rev. daugh. of Wm. VV. efq. of Meriooethihire. 
V>'ilham Lucas, of DoCU>rs Commons. Mr. fohn Batten, aodlioneer, of St. Mar- 
Mr. Kichaid Davies, goldfmiili, ol New- garei's Bank, Rochefter, to Mifs Sail/ NU 
Benu-l\r. t«> Mils Ogdeii, daughter of Wii- choKon, youogeft daughter of Mr. Alder- 
liam O^den, efq. of St. James's-Itieet. man N. of that city. 

Rev. R. Nares, to Mils F.M. FUtewood. 14. c.ipc. Richard Colnett, of the King 

2'. Ret. Thamas Barnard, M. A. of St. George Eaft India- roan, to Mifs Madaarin, 

John's college, C;imbrii'g>r, vicar ot Amitell, of Greenwicli, ddeft daughter of the late 

Herts, to MifsEverilda Mai tin, 2d daughter ' Capt. M. of tlie royal navy, 

pf SiriVord»uittM.ofBurnham,co.Noiiolk. At Nunton, John-Thomas Bait, efq. of 

4. William Scrope, efq. of Caftle Combe, Kew-hall, near Salifbury, to Mifs Sufan 

\Vilt5, to Mifs Long, dau. and fole heirei's of Ntave, daughter of James N. efq. of Nunton. 

the late Charles L. efq. and niece to Sir James 15. Richard Clieuyn, efq. of Langley, co. 

TylRey L. ban. of Wanftead houfe, Elfex. Leiceftcr (iiepliew of tfie late Rich. C. efq. 

Rev. H. A. Pye, fellow of Merton col* barrifler ai law), to Mifs Anne Barber, xd 

lege, Oxford, to Mifs Frances Wilkiiif..n, daughter of Tho. B. efq. of Derby, 

dau. of late Thomas W. eiq. of Amderdam. 16. At Swanfea,' co. Glamorgan, Germain 

Mr, Gleiulining, of Baiinghnll-dreet, to Lavie, efq. of Frederick-place, London, to 

Milb Cape, lute of Wigllon, co. C umbei htad. Mifs Mantel, dau. of late Rawleigh M. efq. 

By f|>ecial licence, at Salilbury, the feat of CliarlcsCliolmondeley,ef(i. of Vale RoyaV 

Stephen Moore, efq co. Tipperai7, Irelaqd, in CheOiire, to Mifs Caroline-Elizabeth 

l^urence Langley, efq. of Fiieltown, in Smythe, 3d filler of Nicholas Owen Sroytlte 

tli.'t county, to Mifs Anne Mixwu, fifter of Owen, efq. of Condover-hall, Salop. 

Stcpl^en M. efq. of Bain, and niece to tlie ac John Harrifon, efq. of Bourne-place, 

Kail (if Bedtive. near Cmtcibur)', fon and heir of John H. 

At Gliglcw, Dr. James Jetrray, profefliir efq. of Chigwell» in FfTex, to Mrs. Bianfill, 

of .in:ttomy \\\ lint uiiiverfity, t> Mifs Maiy widow of the late Ciumpion B. efq. of Up- 

Biifbane, daughter of the late Mr. Walter B. min(ler>h]ill, in Effex, and youngeft daugh- 

merchnnt in Gl;«fgow. ter of the hite Eilw. Brydges, efq. of Woot- 

At Shrewfbuiy, Kenjnmin Cnmherhack, tou-court, in K^nt. 

efq. of tue Inner Tentp'.e, to Mif^ 5p:\ikes. At B.itli, Gian^do Pigoit, efq. of Abing- 

7. At Enfield, Mis. Kainforth. reli6l of ton-Pigon's co Cimbridge, to Mrs. Kliz. 
|uhn R. efq. who died May 23, 1790,10 bis Bertie, of Marl borough- buildings, reli(5t of 
coufin and lumefake, late a a>l. in the .irmy. Peregrine B. cf(]. or La> ton, Elfesc 

By fpecial licence. R.Caldwell, efq. of At Thiu.v.oi', Hants, Rev. Rob. Lowt^i, 

Clapharajto Mifs Gardner, dae. of admiral G. reAor of Huituu-Ampner, Hauti, and fon of 

Rev. Mr. lirand, vicir of Wickhamikeitii, the late Biiliop of LoikIou, to Mifs Frances 

co.Suffulk, toMifs K. Hiirvey of 5towmaiket. Harrington, tounh daughter of the Rev. Dr» 

8. At Buiton upon ( rent, Mr. Baf^, mer- H. redtor of Thruxton. 

chant, to Mifs S. Ho. kins, dau. of A. H. efq. as. Lieiu. Henry Kent, of the royal navy, 

9. Mr. Stephen Sikes, of Gloucel^er, to to Mifs Hunter, only daughter of Lieut. Wm. 
JAifs Frances Crane, of 1 rinity-lane. H. of Greenwich hofpital, and niece to his 

Mr, H. L\ Cjiter, of KaiI llreet, Black- Kxcellency John H. efq. goveroor-gcu^ral 

/iriivy^ nttoriicy at liw, to Mhl S^uiJilaodi of of New SottlU Wales. 

M^arfi^md DnAt tf cm^fii^^ 89 

•TNnfeiDiirtff 119.01 Sun- fonen ic Qatboc» and his feneral pilBve and 

^ tk fKA AfihaPa Cakm^t afbhla mannan, wrougbi fo forciM/ on tha 

cCdtolrtaUaoL-fnvC. ^ coomuodar of tha garrilbn, tluit ha was 

lofBaVfMiddlaCBC* 10 panaiuad to ranga about whaiaver ba 

AogpL plaalad, aa wall thraiyh iba pmlba at 10 

Dr. 0«paii» onaof ici Tidpky. Tliia prhrikfa gava Mr. M'd 

cb«Rb«r Banflar, ao opfiB i t u nity of furrojiof tba rocki and 

KaiiEkhapi^* loitifiaftioniidiof* tba lawm wbich ba re- 

yortad to Gan. Wrtaf • with a fiaw to ra» 

dace <)ntbac to iha MtUh arait. Tba 

DtATBt* Fraach, bo w a»ar» bc^ to tbiok ha bad 

wa» Tig Ifca wfcb— ii W u g f Ing to tha ftan too aMChi and, Koa; 13, i^cC, ba 

Jbi!%4fari^ar |cM«T*to>Boiiiie,inhit waa cbaifad with baint a fpjr, w» cUrf^f 

TMifaVy Uml Jofao llPOallacb, a oativa oonfinad^ and andar wa a t mi aooiniaadoa 

rfiba llM<i W tialMJ Wbaa tary yooofy bafore tba fovaroori wMch asaariiiatiea 

iaifchgiMlgriH.^ wiib bbwhoto faaii^» laa«l two dqri 1 but, an bfa fdaadiof %- 

Aadmat aad yMOgM'C, as ha nnraoaay and imc knowiqg tba Fraa^h 

pWWHainadtottavfiiofaraMfand tanfoaga, ha was rakafad from prUbo^ 

.^ IbfGomnorTkTOOywitbtbaca- pot on .board a Ihip of war, and unt to. 

MntodM^RofHSfHivarioQicKcarfioBa ttrally and from Brift to DSnanc^ and 

agaiaft tha Indianiy aa a profincial oAmr. thmca, SapC» 19, 1797, to England, b/ % 

Tha Ml MBfloymanK {vtm wrnor of Ihia caitcL Aftar ihir, Mr. M*C. was tvcom- 

wtida btfMwJ Mr. iTO: bad under tha BDcmled bjr Gen. Sbirtey to Can. Wolfe, aa 

Bftfft Oofurwiifur was at tba oonwMnca- a propar parfon to affift in tba rado^oa oC 

•f what hm finaqoantSf haau callad Qotbac "The General tonk hie UMinoraiada 

.'bWar.'* Jn i9SS ^ ^"^ *P* "• writing tha morning before be left Loo- 


_ aflftancot ftorestotbo doo, and Mr.-M^. was to lava baao k ib« 

^ y...^ of Of wa gu ; bnr, on tha i4lh of exped tkm ; but, by a niilaka about tbn 

I fl^pdl, 1 1 li, dnt prrilbn fiirrenderad to Uma of Mbigt ba was viry unCortumaly 

f tm Fiannij dndthg^ ware att carried pri- left bahiod. Thb nradi ii aaitam : Gaui^ 

fenaa «• Q^Aac. Tba intbfol fsnricai of Woltf made tha tftanpt, ftrft, accordUy t«. 

M wrfoitonaM gntfanma ara waU attaftnd a difleraot plan, ai Montmoreacy/ whara 

by tba IM Mijar KaJanaar^ Cant. Cardaa» be waa rspolMi and cba ibcond tftampC: - 

aM Oapg. Ktavanfiiti allof wlwa Ikgnad agraeM^ to the plan of Mf. M'C. whkk 

a oartiBCtfB 1m ban, oa a lata apfUcatiea, pnitod foecaftfuL^Fab. 8, 1760, Mr. M'C. 

prapmaiaBy to hia fating into the mvalids ; was appointed a lieutenant of marines, and 

oae of whkb, particularly ftacteriiig as to ftrved on board the RichmonU, Cape. £U ' 

tbacfaaraAar of Mr. MH:. for nearly tba laft phinfton, and wai foiety i!ie ctufe of C4king 

4a years of bis life, ia bare pvan verbatim : the Fdicit^ French man of war. inacoan« 

. * Tliafe are to certify that I knew Mr. cil beU between the officers of the Aich* 

1' Joho irCulfocb in tha year i755, and in naond, Mr. M'C. alone iniiUed that the fhip 

f75#, in tho tebn of affiftanl-commiflary they iaw was French \ he knew her by a 

if Aareaat Ofwego, where be bore an ex- • particular mark in her t whilfi tha 

fenlait food chanAor ; and, ever fmca that captain and every other officer (ufpeAed bar 

piriod, bavo khown him as lieutenant of the to be the EngUrh Arethofe. The judgement 

amy, and always entertained a good optnioo and perfoafion «l Mr. M'C, however, pro- 

ifbiab tiguedf G. A.KaMrK]irtLT, vailed; the Oiip was attacked and taken, 

Dec 3, 17S9." and every degree of credit uas given Mr. 

A few circumftaocas ralathre to Uiis gentle- M'C. for his foperior fagacicy and courage 

uoTs dieqoerad life will, it is prefomed, on thb oocafion. See Mr. Raawortli's rc« 

prsva not uninterafting t and may be the port of this a^ion to Sir Jofoph Yoike, then 

bippy beacon to othen, in avoiding the dif- at the Hague. (T^ ht tmtiimed,) 
tiafliea which he frequently fufitred in his 30. At Batli, after only two diyt itlneft, 

bik oMmonts, and particularly his miferable aged u, Mrs. Miilneux. relta of Crifp M. 

exit. Aad here it may not be improper to efq- of Garbolilifharo, formerly M. P. for the 

pramtfe, that'to his fagacity and love of his borough of King's Lvnn. 
0«niry we, in fome meafure, owe our fiic- Latefy^ in Capel-ftreet, Dublin, aged 1 02* 

ctffea in tha rednaion of Quebec a few Mr. Owen O'Neill 
jean fu b fe ^uin t to his imprifonroent in that Guillotined in France, Armaud Louis-Gon- 

gambo. Mr. M'C, although a hero in the tauS ci dcvsnt Duke de fiiroo, nephew if 

fold, and, apooduty, no man more dnA to the Lice Mjrfhal Biron, ci-Jcumitt General <>f 

the diki|ilina of a foldier, poflelfed, in an the Republic, in Italy and La Vendee He 

ammart degree, every virtue of human was better known in England b> tiie citia of 

kinclmfs towana others in misfortune, re- Duke de Lanann. He laheriled the lvU« Cki 

padlefe, oftentiaMs, of his own perfonal Biron from his undo, tha Neivtr-JtA^ ^cv«c-ivk. 

feitBTO abd happinefi^ anJ 9V9n his owa wlm fo nobly accommodaitodk U\e Vriue U^x^ 

iaftfr, HU ti$adene& for his feliuw-pri- &uduey with Ao^oL \o aoaii^ Yuxu\v> cv^^t. 
CMmr.UAO, Jamisry, j^^ ^^ ^isv^ 

5© Obituary if unfuhrahU Perjcns ; with Biographical AnttioUi, [Jan. 

Pr.ri"=i. and to rciurn to his own conntry to 
pp cure emplovmtiu in the line of liis pro- 
fellujn doling tlic l;itc war. The D^ike de 
],;-u2un hyed ijiiitr in the En:hrh ft/l<- ; his 
drcO, Ir.i hi-rie--, hi<. lervarits, wore tixlilhj 
anJ, in pcUvUi. he h'd .cry n»u.:Ij I'e .»;)- 
pc:;ir.'»nco of .m Hnp'.'.nirp.ia. It wr<:> bv !• njj- 
li.l. infl.:e c: that hi. ancefior w^s n lea io 
the la-ik i-^ Dik-s. Jt was to the then Coar.t 
<lt L.i..ziiri ihat Kit'j» JaiiT'S 1'. ciin»mir«ed 
\\\t c.ic I f ;».: Qiitea » ^iifaiit f'l", u iitn 
lie (c .1 ill \\\ nil i«/ Frai.ce. i he Co'^ni's 
Cv'K.t.r. I..I rhc oc afion was fo ploifiiir; to 
the King, he requeued Loois XIV. 
tvtmUl rew.ird him for »t, hy c<nftrr n?, uptm 
him the ducal dignity, whjcli ih.a Monirch 
readily conftnted to v-o. As \vr it-fpef* tlie 
'old maxim, " </<• wor/jw/f «// rjt bjttwn^* WC 
ihall f;iy no more of tl e lare Duke (h n ihAt, 
unfortunately for hirofcW, he was hut too 
much in the lubits of mtimncy wi:li the Ut4 
Duke of Orleans. Had tlicv been 
friends, the, Duke dc Lanzun wouid not h.ivs 
«licd on a ff ;iff«ild ; he wru d h:n*« fiipporled 
th«- throne of l»i^ liuful Sov!-icign ; or, like 
a binveman, niu! a lo>al fubjeCl, buried lum- 
it\i under its ruiri«. 

Alto, .i^'i'd 25, Armand-l,oui« Philip Cuf- 
tinr, \\\\\. fon of the laic Gen. C b^rn at 
l*ari5, formerly minirter plenipoter.ti iry of 
Louis XVI. at lierhn. adjutant gen'^rnl of 
the army on the Rhine, couvi^Wd rf nia- 
noeuvre.s confpiracie.«, 3cc. Duiing the 
^huL rf his trial he exhibtied an uncommon 
coidiiefF. At (he c<.ncIiir}on lieavowrd luv. 
\\\.% been charged uiih iecrct conimif}ii>n-'. 
Beuig prelTcd to explain himfelf, he fau', 
that he was the bearer of that otlcr u h.cli 
had t>ecn ir.adc to the Duke of Krunfwick 
of the command in chief cf the armies of 
Frnncc ; a ncguciation to which he d^d not 
peif(uiaily give any credit, hot which he 
chuughi it his duty to fulfil in fubordinacion 
to the commiinds of his fuperit)r officer, and 
tiiat the Duke of bninfwick refufed the |mo- 
pofal, except on the condition that three 
Frtnch provinces were prcvioufly dciiveicd 
up to him. 

In Carmarthenlhire, Rev. Daniel Jame^, 
malicr of the royal grammar- fchool in Higli 

Jn the Weft of, whither he went 
f>r the recovery, of his he:dth, Thomas 
, 7 ownley Parker, etq. of Cnerdcn, high 
fheritt for the county of Lsncafter. 
. At Otkham, in Surrey, aged about 57, 
Rev. Mr. Chrirlc'; Croplcy, curate of O'k- 
ham, and fon cf the Kcv. Mr. C ot Vvcit 
Ham, in Hifex. 

At Send, ni buriey, Mrs. Newman, uifc 
wife of Mr. David N. 

At Gatc'.y, co. Norfolk, the Rev. \.>\\n 

BpArV^Q, LL. I). vi^«r of W{>ll..lli:u aiij Ir- 

cJicIter, CO. Soithamfdiin. 

>4r thti tioufts ot Mr. Eiiwanl PoIItxfcn, at 

/: / /'/^'^'' CO. Lincoln, lihcjc lie t»;id rc- 

^€lcU fcvciui yeair, *ifiJ in tile 6c,:h ytui ct 

his age, Mr. Wm. Croft, fennerly mafter of 
ths (led Liort inn in V\ am fleet. 

At Lutterworth, co. i.eiceller, in bis 91^1 
ytar, John t'ameron, ^vho came out of Scot- 
Ian. I at tiie (CbeUton :n 1 7459 and refidsd in 
Luttc) worth tiii hi$ de.iih 

At hi.' hjulc u\ i.ougr'iboroagh, advance«l 
in \eai5, John Al'-cn, gent, who formeily 
carried .m the bufmofi: of .1 linen and wool- 
len dr.. per, a: N«i:tingham, \inJcr the firm 
of Al!f n and Ro<». 

At rp'v.nstnm, tr>. Rv?tlanJ, aged 73, 
Ml. Woi »Vi« lofj. 

Ai'rd 8", Mr. \V. Bu'Jer, who been 
priridi : hrk <»f Wt.1 on upwards of 5 ; ye.irs. 
He h.M! t rm"»!y cbulen 18 bearer- to carry 
him to the ^rave, but outlived thrm all. 

In a \ery advanced afte, Mrs. btrctton^ 
moii'.e'- of Mr. S of Leicefte:'. 

In hi' i6t:' >cur, Mr. B. Cuomhe, fon of 
Hev Dr. C 

M; ^. \r'n* Divi*, late of Crutched-friars. 

I' U,i' ei .S'.v r.i.ur-"r. tie Ho»i. • harks 
d'-* Gi k II, ;d l.'U * f 'he Earl of A'hione. 

J:in. I ^gi'd 7'», ^Ir. C<»rr.chui HiU, of 
Upplii ' 'mi, .^». hull.ltlel. 

A!;c»i4i, Mis -vx, wife of Mr. C, gro« 

CCr, l)f Lt;.i i:l\i I . 

2. At Clap' m Terrace, Mrs. Barclay, 
wife of Ml K B. ot S u'hwark, and only 
fifterio Mdf.s Richjid, John and Jofuph 
Guriiey, of Norwich. We pay t«) her 
ir.eiiorv the rnere tribute of jultice, an«l 
not o' flittery, when we fay that Iter per- 
fon was elegant and lovely, lier tem|>er 
f<\eet and fereiie, and her manntrrs un- 
afh;C>rd and gentle Her ftyle of convcria- 
tion wa« fo pcculi.irly tmp.eflivc an<i judici- 
eiu:, that ihe never f.iled t(» charm by her 
viv.icitv, and iniliudt hy her good fen fe. 
The affl.ience u) which flic was bom af- 
forded her the miMOf of moving in a more 
gay ard falhionabli- crr.le lh;ui that ot tl,e 
Friends, of wlK)i'c focie:y (he was a diftin- 
guiihed ornamt nt Her t.'tients and her vir- 
tues would h.wc griiccd ^he m )t\ coiifpi* 
cuous ftuiprii^ns. Hut (he wa. led no icfs 
by til 3 calh (i durv, t!'.an tlie dict.ittfs of 
inc'in.tiion, to codfiue hcri'eif to the iphore 
ofdo.mei\ic life, wMcre ihe fidfii'.cd, 10 the 
molt ami:tbi<; maniic-r and with the mr»i\ u*-- 
abating a'.teni: m^, the diit:cb of a kind mil- 
tiefv, a tender nintiier, .md an afh:4liii<>naU; 
wife. Her ti 1 c wau ciiicfiy (H:c<:pie«.l in (o- 
pcriotcrdiHg ih; ftlui.a' u»n of her'ren, 
of whom twelve f'lrvivf, t.> lament htr lols. 
Her chu'ity was evei warm jiod a^ive : her 
h n d was as proiV.pi '.:j relieve n'.il'cry, as her 
hi.Jit wiisompat'ion.ite tu t < 1 it. Often m 
th.'; retired walks of priv^re hfe, (he un- 
•(tentatiouliy difpenfed the biw;iliti;;;sof affln- 
cnee,:)nd, like liie fiirrnt and ct»ncral:rd 
tiiat feitiiizes th.e h.U's, w. ^ unknown t(* 
Chof? to wlioin licr t>ou.\ty was exte:u>c«l» ^ 
Mmv/ <>{ her cliildrei: bi t'*-.;ir tender aseara 
exempt tiw.A kcV\v\^\Atx V*^ \v\ ;3l Vcv-r« de- 
gree i hul, -AS U\iv ^tovf '^^ \,o v\M«T ^ot^^ » 

Snffw a. «<4.. |o Mftdu fhs was 
Oa. it, !?«». 

AI Ci*;h Pirringilon, Berlu, ttu R«r. [a. 
Bndtc]>, vicar i>f ii<n pkwe. ' 

At Hidf, Mr. MIducI rtkr(in,<meofthe 
dderhrahrcnnfflw rHniiT-lmriWili'-rB 

J, A*«r iliing ilheft, Htncy -mhti, cfj. 
wsr-lmliff 'ir[l:e c^ror UnikHi. 

At Soarcllnn-liall, co. t^irc^er, in h«r 
CjiljPMr, UTri. AIicii-DnmtleuClurne'J, a 
mudwi lailr> *>>') (he lii<t (urvirnr <if a ninm 
Wliich hSI (Km iiF CBlebniy lliTtHii^LiH ilfllt 
cnoMy from Vtm l.i>n(|u(!l; Ilicre hrjig 
liiarorif a chmth iii:h mf paniicil gtiifi 
WiituMt the arn:( o( Ihii family (fc« vol. 
LfX. p. 607). Anna-Varia Chiniell, a 
|.iun(er fiBcr of ihii laJr. ^i"" Ji"- Ti 
179] (T.Xtlt.94)! Iht trauif gond<i<a\i^ 
tiM 9I bucti will ionx bt rimnnbernl witit 
i«fm in the ne^lihunih'n] uliem iIkt 
rsfiil'J, T;;h rhe nam* is ihiK rxl-ntt, 
L'-^t.inilf iicmiMuicJht ihe n.-.m f.e ■.( :in 
cUcr filter, Eliznirtfa'^'alh-riii^.ivlmi-. dill 
lii-in|, aa i> litr hjlbaml, Iln Rev. r-uillejr 
Oorlci RfileriCrcirU full ol Ills Arrliliilhi'p 
of Tnam. Thr» lure iwii i'ai>j'liter'> ; • i 
whom Kathcf'ne.jhe •^Jrlt, wa< mirr:e', iii 
i;3i, lu Samuel Mai^ileii, ef-; M<I liai frv— 
ral tint anJ d.uiKlitrn. Aniic, tliair fiii^d 
teigbnr, «»»liviii5;an.!umiaiTieJ, 1711, 

A; his lioufe ullsd Btlisdtre, Nkimv 
WjLI, Lnmheth, Mi. Thomas ttilin^. iim- 
h«r merchanc. 

4. Al WiHilf(m],inEllex,ai;eJ 71, 
G?idi>wr,e1(]. (■■rmeilr-acoiirilt-r.blet' 
iTfAer, I'td pailner wiih Sher-nl.t in : 

Ai WDodlhariM, near SbtffiaU, Joltt 

At TfeTtth^n chnrcli, in Monnootliniir^ 
Mr. ral^fiff, of Pontipuol. Juft « Dm i}jt- 
gy mail wu rtaditt} ttK lirfl veils of (he jStIi 
c'nparroF lfii>h,"Scf thine lioufe in or..'e', 
riri])m](!iilt die,«iJ «« Ltc,'' hefelldmlti 
ill a lit iif j)i-.|<l»|r- and every meaoi mi^ 
ure 11/ to rtnnr liim jminil fruiilal*. 

6. Mn. Kanacll, wife at I. R. R. eta. at 

Jii'in ChalJerott, cfq. ma of tin Sin iif 
lire Putlfm^Hilh at^l Han!)>fliirn baiik. 

Ared if, Mn. Driuuiund, uf I.iniriit, 

Ailvanced in j*m, Mn. CytpS ^ US' ' 
Min, widower Mr. Intin C. 

7. After a |uin(iil hUhA, Mr. E>Miel Mil, 
of Ih.i'ien^lt. 

UiiilUitJiRd .-H pji'n, Kieliotei I.iickner, 

1,7: yea 

feldcd 11; Stralburc, fiinnerljr a 
eiiip':>iad in ilicHiiiixveiian imiriiiituie. 
ik-ui-senn al, marllMl of Ktaner, 7iim:ii.iii<er 
iti chief of (lie amiin nf tlie Rtii..B and 
V'l-lh. He was c-i-ira-d U boiiK- i:i« 
ai)7hi-r aad acciinijilici i-f a C't^f^-raer 
H-Iiiji exillAl I'ctui.-n ti-eUe Kiiif ■n'j 
b-i vit(iifteiy,fcii?ialG«neia!>nft'iaFriii«'i 
arTneriUHlfwexEtirnal Eni:iniei;MFrj'<u!, 
teiHlin);uifjc:l', syall potliMe me iii,Vt 
ciitr.«nce of tlte leajued P>»vrrl oa tl-i 
FnMii''.t riidirv, and tahwK Hv; p-.vca* 
af then Mtia, !>T deliv«r;iil[ Up In Ehcmtila 
foiti, liiHiii, and Ibi I re:Ios mi eU: Imntkr^ 
111, iwii f .ni 

of U; 

iti.1 I. 


Inleneil ■r Weill eathedial, ?E=d U[iwar.'5 
rf ^:, John W.tlicie;!, ntar 5J n:j;s ime 
uf I' IE v»-srs .1.111 ..1 <if Ihii i,..i1 cliat- 

5. -M lii> limlft; in Nmlh iniitni, .is-d 7*, 
Mr. Tnlham Cliarunaili «ho diJidaRiol 
U'efid lib) l.y aii illnd'. nf a leK d.)%. i:<: 
wii a m:in <rf | Ivn, bonlF.ili-J mi inen, -I IEiiIy,anJ jrtilE''*J'iiife. Fnr 
Baiiy yeaii tie w..^ a commidirner in ma.-.j 
JDclufuiD, uiiiiiifliindine will Ilw value qf 
litui. lie Wis, fur a |Teii part rf liii life, a 
pariOuMier inidcr'tbe (xlBbrueil Ml'. Fair, 

D.inifli nob 

>taitHiT>iuii]i,Annr,tiireaf Johi:irui 
i:trilh I'lvik. They hi-d bcrii 
'T, ard their join! ageaiho 
L-hwas ni. 




In an a-lvaiite* akr, Re»-. ZflLiriali Hub- 
hirJ, J5 jrwrspjrtiiro'a I ■illenuug euuare- 
raRim 31 Lfins Milfnr.l, :ii>fl.ilK. 

H. pr. RiilM, auLh'ir uf 11.: Iliiluiy of 
Muim Eui"i«. 

A! Wyni.Hidham, Nafhimitl \Vjt;i, tlq. 
lu-my >■"« J fm'vi ;.ir pf iIk K.uj'h wiirks 
in An'ijoi, and fain J oilier of tlie Brmih 

Mn. Eilwiii, of ttie njy-mai-k.el ch<.-alr*, 
widow «£ riK !*•(*«"»» I'W*'**^ tA va* 

92 Ohituiry9fi9nfiiifahhP€rfims\ withBUpapVtcallnecAtet. [Jan. 

name. The lo(f of her dauchtei^ who died a vols. 175s . Id dopneftic life be was {ood-lni- 

ihoct time.agot preyed upon her fpiriUy and moored, aftMc, and endearing ; in conver* 

haftcned her diifolutioa. facion polite, Itreljry and entertaining 1 in hia 

At Poitfmouthy Lieut. EraHmus C. War- friendfliip fteady and afitAionate. With re* 

reOi of the q4th fegimenL gard to his political fentiroents, he was a trut 

9. In his icoch year» Edward Collins, of * Englifhman, npon principles of loyalty and 
Salilbury. He retained all his faculties in katiohal liberty. With reipe^t to reli* 
great perfeAioa to the lad { and, till very gion, he was, without bigotry or fuperftitiona 
Eitely, ufed frequently to walk, to tot%'n from a fincere Chriilian. After this impartial ac- 
his refidence, then at tlie tumpike-lioufe on' count of his chani6ter, we fliall only add, 
the London road. that, as he lived uoiverlally beloved^ ha has 

In St. James's-ftreet, John Short, efq. of died fincerely lamrnted. 
Edlingum, co. Lincoln. He has bequeathed At bis feat at Heme! Reropftead, in hit 
his property, which is very coofiderable, to, 87th year, the Riglit Hon. Ho|h Hume 
Lieut.-col. HaiTurd, of the royal dragoons, Campbell, Earl of Marchmont, Vifcouut 
wAo is to take his name, and "bear bis arms. Blaflonbory, Lord Polwarth, Red Braes, and 
At Croydon, Mrs. Mary Eliot. Greenlaw, in tlie county of Berwick, and a 
At Scanfted-Mauntfitcher, co. Eflex, Mrs. bamlteL His Lonlihip, by his firft mar- 
Grace Judfon, widow of the Rev. JonAtban J. riage with Mi£i Anne Weftemy had ilfue 
Bite vicar of that place. Patrick, wbo died an infant; Anne, nur- 

10. At her hoofe in Dean-ftreet, Soho, ried to Sir John Paterfon, hart, of Eccles, 
aged 87, Mrs. Eliz. Denif, fifter of the late Berwicklhire { M.nrgaret, married to Co- 
Sir Peter D. bart. linel James Stuart ; Diana, married to 

Altera lingering iUnefs, Mr. Hotchinfbn, Walter Scot, efq- of Harden. TheCoun* 

of Hammeiingham, near Homcaftle. tefs their mother dyiag in 1747, his LonK 

At the Duke of Norfolk's ho'pital, in ihip married, tlie following year, Mifs 

Sheffield, John Hall, the old man who Crompton, by whom lie had a fba, Alex- 

compofed the facred oratorios of tlte Re* ander, Lord Polwarth, bom in July, 1750, 

deemef, RefurredUoo, Ice. wbicb have been married, in July 1 772, Annabella, daughter 

lieveral tiroes peifbrmtd for bb benefit. of the Marchionefs Grey, and w;is cr^oed. 

At Sidney-college, Cambridge, the worthy In 1770, Baron Hume, in England; hot dy- 

• and Rev. Mr. BafkeC He was unfortunately ing without itiue, ilie title of Baron Hume 

Ihot dead by agsn going off fai Ins own room, became extio^.— The Earl dying witli- 

At his honfo CO the Upper Mall, Ham* out leaving heirs- male of his body, al! the 

merfmith, alker a lingering illnels, at the age titles become extind ; but his eftatesdtfcend 

«f 84* Sir ClifkiMi Wintringhamt hart. M. D. to his. three dauf liters. Lady Aiuie Paterfon, 

leltow td the Royal Collages of Phyficians in Lady Margaret Stuart, and Lady Diana Sccic. 

London and Pans, fallow of the Royal So- This refpeaable Peer « as the lail .of thufe 

ciety, phyfician-cxiraonlinary 1759, phyfi- who diAinguiihed tliemfelves in the Houfe of 

cian-geaeral to the Army, and phyfician in Commons during the adminiftntion of Sir 

m^nary to his Majefty 1 762. He was fon Robert Walptde. He was cliofcn a member 

of CliftoaW, phyfician m York, wlu) died of that houfe in the fame year with the late 

March 12, 1748, and his widow Jan. 6, Lord CUatham and the firft Lord Lyttelton, 

»749. Their fon was »ppointe«l cliicf phy- and foon became a coi^icuous fpeaker. 

ficianto the Duke of Cumherlaml 1749. In When Mr. Pulteney feceded, on the occafion 

bim were united all tiKifc amiable virtues of the Convention, in 1739, the Eari of 

which adorn and dignify human nature. By a Marchmont, then Lord Polwarth, led the 

Uberal education, and anintimateaoiiiaintance Oppofition; but, very fbon after that, his 

with fome of tlw moft admired cbiTic wri- fucceflion to the Scou earldom put an end, 

ters^ he had acquired an elegant tafte ; and, for a time, to his parliamenury career. How' 

l^ a long and foccefsful praAice as a phyfi- formidable an opponent Sif Robert Walpola 

cian, great ikiU and judgement in his profef- thought him, may be judged of by his faying, 

fion. This appears by his aditioo oi Dr. " There were few things he more ardently 

Mead's << Monita U Pnecepca Mcdica, per- wifhed thaa to fee that young man ' at the 

multis Aonotidonibus h Qbfervatianiboe bead of his family." He lived long in ha- 

illuftrata »*' hy « An cMrimantal Inquify bits of the ftriAeA intimacy and friendlhip 

concemiDg ibme Parts of tha Animal Scruc- with Lord Cpbham, Sir Wm. Wyndham, 

tore," 1740; ^ An Inquiry into the £xi- Lord Bolinghroke, the Duchefs of Maribo- 

ility of the VefTels of the Huroaa Body,'^ rough, Mr. Pope, and other eminent perfont 

X743 (XIII. S24)i and his two volumes, oC their time. The firft placed his buft in 

pubiilbed in 178a and 1791, intituled, << De theTeaDple of Worthies at Siowe, and to tha 

Morbbquibiifdam Commentarii," &c (h\U two laft he was executor. For his tniuble, 

347 ; and LXI. 156). He alfo publiflied, Che Poet left him a large-paper edlrii n of 

^ The Works of the late Clifton Wintring- Thuanus, and a portrait of Lord Boling* 

ham [his Cttherlf Phyfician at Yoik, now broke, pamtcd by Richardfnn. He was 

<MCaMv/^fai#/wlJklied entire^ with laiga Ad* made firft lord of police in Mr.PcJham's 

diiiBwJlhamtA0origwMlAm8/kinmUg/*iai adfluniftiftioa 1 and promoted to be keeper 

«r«lfl«iMorSeollaniiai7MtWhidi pkftt f ei of innli for herfelT, and, tm the* 

teteUtmMldMlk HIttMichbftnttatof t)ecaftoos» wniawi^ttttiiM bjrmwof her 

ibftlfaimnPMrtiod»fMri75p» laM^m sanfeoeny to wiiom ftt gMc ^JMboas, 

^tfaMliU I9t4t wh«lMronM lokeow whkbt in iH»i* of fcfanlUle Ikfll, woaM 

ViIm mmbar, wm a eonftaot tftandant hxf« done mi dlfcraKt coa 4Ucii4b oT Lin- 

<ati» Hoafti titogiiraftivepart in ail vmm, .Sha has M a daiighltf , who k nu«w 

%iAwft off iinpaifaart Id learninf «r alt iM 10 a Mr. Wilfut, aa IrHh femlmM. 

'Mta^ acAtatw^f Klitfnf, hewaieiceai- Bfhir LaaylUp^ tetb'the iiAmMfe fbiw 

Sty fcy, la 'ni i liam ig f r y tofarmaiioft paN nme of tha Oaka dF Boccki«h Will «»• 

patjr^aiiat Ua oaiy boaft Kowwnar wai^ caivo a cwfideiable atfditifiii. 

*4tM taaMfar|»«aaf«ia» or Ijpokofroaa At Dorkingp after a moft Ihigerini: ani 

fi te ^ w i rBftod noChr^ 4«rifi| tU thayaan ha panfdl illnaft, Rev. John Hunr, aiafter of 

IrdM t«Fo Hodaa.'* Hii library, laid to tha academy at tha and of Charlai-lbiaai, 

ona of tha meA ttfoaUa pmaco St^Jaineirg-iiioa ^ ^ 

of hooici^ wiwHifcfiptff printif At Mi hoow ai Fbfonhaaii in Kant^ a|jed 

intlua oaamry, k is fup- 83> Jaaaaa Uiwftn, ai^. Indepcadaot of 

w iMo tha pofleflbin of very con fi der a bte faaided propartyy be hai 

.1 ]loCi^'aC|. UaaxaoMori towbon, laftiothaaBMattofapwartliof aoiOOoLte 

k h laidy ha haa aUb left a fary confide- 'lasacias, anootft wWcb is ma w f oooJU fo- 

'rable fucTuaa There have been hv$, three warls baildin{ a noir flaeple to the rtmth 

flcoiaPaanorhisimitty; SirPatrick*B«nM| in that toWB"*. 

ii/bio, after ^eoMsndins afsinft the tyranny At Barfaach, eo. Leieafter, a|ed $4^ Mr. 

'vd eppraffion of Jamea II. unfiiccabiFiiUyy Thomas Hanrifon* 

w'th the Earl of Afiyla and others, went A(td (59 at Ms palMB in Paaeihoraagh. 

0IW lo^flottaodi and retomed with the after, a hmgillnafti wMeh teraakiaoed in % 

Fripea of Oraofe. His Highoeft, on Ms raodytk ftroka, the Ri^ht Ker. Dr. John 

accaAon to the throntf created him Earl elf HinditUflb^ biftKip of re m borot tf i aod dean 

iliircbaonty and made Mm lord cbaocellur of Dnrham* This teamed pftlKs and elo- 

of SaolTandi gvtatiog him, at the fame time, ooentorator wito bohii hi ryii, ai Weftmin- 

thefrirUefeofbearinfthearmaofOraoca. neri iikwlniil on the ftMndatknr tfaerr^ 

Tl$a iccood larl was aorfiaflador at Den- 17^ 1 eloAai tbancft la Triidty coHeve^ 

taarki HtigtH the third and laft Earl.--:- tSaniMlfpy fyao, lahara tab was aiadited 

Ifardiaiant Hooii^ in the coonty of Ber^ a ftholir Am <6, lyft 1 took tha do^ 

wicky dUed aUb The Ifcn, > an elegant iree df B. A. hi 17^4, and was ehufen a 

UnaOnre, and is leaiad in the ifiiddio of the : fbUow ^ Ms dDU^^a; t, 175$. In 1757 

CBwiCy, near to die town of OreenlaWf hecomnenold M» A*. 1 and Mjirch 8» 1704* 
the onorts of jidlice are held. wai elected head-maftcr or \^dftnimller- 

At Crojrdon, aged 65^ MrvClark, daugh- icfoool (^here he had been a(h«r), 'm the 

aer of Sir Jofeph Hanluy, knL rMira of Dr. Markham, which place h« re- 

ir. At hit houle in Portagal-row, Lin- figned in June (blUiwing. In July, tlie Taaie 

cohiVimi-fieldsy Mr. John Skirrow, actor- year, he was crcaSed 1>. 0. His promocitn 

■ey at law. affurUeif a ftrong inftance of what mar be 

Aa Park-piacoy Kenniiigtony aged 77, done ht meric ak>ne. HisCtfber kepca live- 

Mra. Grace Feltmi. ry-ftaUd in S wallow-dree t. The ion, after 

At her houfe at reterfham, aged 77, Ca- pAfTuig chrongh the forms of Weftminltcr 

rolina Campbell, Baronefs Green wtcli. This fkhool» went to Trinity oollege, Csmhridgf, 

lady, who was the eldeft of the five daugh- where tic had fcarcdy talc«i a degree before ~ 

tars oCthe celebrated John Dnkc of Argyle he waschofeny for his learning and tntesrity, 

and Greenwich, by hif fecond wife, was firft to be companion of the dake of Orafton, du- 

marricdy 174s, to Praocis late Eail of Dal* ring a tour of Eorope. ile anemlei the 

iLeith, if whom the was the motlier of the <hike of bevonfhire alfo qn Ms trjveUi 

preTent Dake of Biiccleugh i and after- and afterwards accompanied Mr. Ciew, 

wards, 1755, to the late Hon. Charles of Crew-hall, Chefhire, whofe fifter he 

Tou'nfend, who died 1767, to whom (he married. The duke of Grafton, during 

bore twdfons, wIk> both died fome years his admimdration, conferred on him liie 

ago. Of coorfe her title, which itands valuable vicarage of Greenwich, in Kcnr; 

limited to her ilTue male of the lad mar- and tlie fame minifterial intercft got hirl .ip- 

riage, becomes extinct Auguft 28. 1767, pointed cha'pUin in ordinary to the king, 

in confiJeration of her Lady (hip's noble •-* -^ , ■ w 1 .... « 

delcent, and the extraordinary roeritt of * Extract from notes of a tour through 

her coofort, the king granted to her the Eaft Kent, Aug. 1 780 : " Faveribam, .1 

dignity of Baronefs of Greenwich. The liandrome new church, was re-huilt, fome- 

Diike her f lUicr died 1743. Her Ladyfliip tiling moio than 20 years ago, by Dana, ttie 

was remarkable for a^ivny and fprightli archited^." I a« ibt not, Uiougli it docs not 

nzU, She took great delight in hortuliry occur to my rcmerohrance^ K\v vV\:>?i Vw» 

improvements, and ufcd to work in her churcli wanlcil \^c a^>\»]ittf;«aaA ^ VLx. 

%M%*n^ y^^ ^er ^nn' luatls, Ziad a ttooft- Lawfotu'* '^ . 



^4 Obituary of lonjiderahli Pi^fons ; with Biographical i^nrcdotes* [Jan. 

by whom he was pronnoted to the maf- 
terihip of Trinity college, Camhriilgei 
wi)ere he was inflailed March 3, 1768, 
on the ilenih of the learncJ mathema- 
tician Df. Smith. On obtaining prc- 
ierment he rr'figned Greenwich; ;mJ in Oc- 
toher was eledled one of the confcrvt^ktoi s of 
the river Cam, in the room of L)i. L:.\v. 
Dec. 17, 1769, he was cnnfec^ated hiftiop 
of Pcleibj.rouglj, on the death of Dr. 
Lamhe; ami, laftly, Sept. 24, 1788, was 
promoted to the valu.i.'rle ilcani7 of Dur- 
ham, ioY politit:<.l ic;ifi)n'>y lo li:m 
from the Ri.iil'ifhip of .Trinity coliep.c. 
His lonlfhip was an ;\dmir.ihle :)re«icii' i> and 
liad a rem iik.ible mellow v-jice ; his chargts 
and i)is man' er t>f ^lelivery v^txe much ail- 
•miredy and will be U>ng icmemhcied. By 
his liberal and manly contiudl in tlie fer.ate, 
he haseiideared his name to Kriton*^, h.iviog 
cunfl.uuly and unifoinily given his vo'r, 
oa every bill hronght before tl.e Honfr, in 
a way tliat rcfiedled honour on tbe h^e- 
raUty of his feniiments ; and whoever m.^y 
be his fifCceir'T, it. can only be wifhcf', " Ne 
curicnte retro funi'. cr.t iota.' Ke !i:i*^^ left 
a widow, wi:h two fons snd three daugh- 
ters, to bewail his 11)^;. 

II. At Br.'.cklcy, North,implonfliirc, aged 
89, Mrs. Grey, widow of the Rev. and 
leirned Dr. Richard Grey, archi'e.<cr»n of 
Bedford, and dncr to Mr. Tlii<J;.nenre, the 
Lite Icained mafter of St. P^tul's fchool. 

I J. At Excler, r.j^cd 80, Mrs El;ziheth 
Wcfton, relet of Stephen W. tftj. eMcft Ion 
of Stepi;en, foine lime biih- p of Exeter. 
Mr?. E. Wcfton was the youngcft daughter 
vi Wdham Oxcnham, cfq. of Oxenhani. 
The \.\\\ .^pi'carance of the bird, mentioned 
by Hov.c!! and Pniicc, is faid to have been 
t«) Vrs. K. Woden's cldcft brother on his 
d«.ith brd. • 

I 5. At the Motff, ncir Vaiilft<)nr, a^ter 
beinc f.i:"«:ly delivered of a daught<T (ice p. 
S7), the Hon. Mrs. Tohcr, l;uly of John T. 
eft|. and k\.'\\ .liter of the late Lord Romney. 

\f}. Ah< ut ileven (»'cl »ck in the morning, 
in St. J.imc>'s ftrect, in his ^7lh ye;'r, Ed- 
ward Gibbon, efq. the ccl'-bratcd autlior of 
" The HiAory of the D^xline and FaW of 
Human Empire/* and <tf fome other publi- 
critjoir, winch will, probably, laft as long 
as lltc Lng! Ih language. His " Hiiory" 
hai bcirn fo h equeixi'.y and fo freely anim.:d- 
verted on, in our pieceding voUimes, 
we may l:creonly briefly refer to our •* Ge- 
rieml liulex." Of his 4>ihcr publicat ons we 
hope to give an account b.cicafter. \Vc be- 
lieve he \\^ ihcIa'Tof an an*i"nt :;nd lonour- 
able family long rcfidcnt m tic Weald of 
Kent; and on this hC'>d ciii refer to a 
lull acccu'it of his family, which his own 
suthoiity c:i;ih!es rs to c.dl :iutlnrntic. (Sff a 
^ft'er cf f^;r. Ci/ddfTf in fU f-'t-'cnf tnonthy p. ^), 
He wns born a', i'utney in 1727; and was 
lint ^ a very b2Y\y age o the grammar- 
fcbool at K'mgfion, ft cm winch be was re- 

moved to Wcftminfter fchool. On his leav- 
ing tliat feminary, he wen: to Laufannc*, 
where lie ftudied under the father of ttie 
preffrnt Mrs.Necknr, with wh(»m lie lived till 
his dtath on ihemt^fl friendly terms. About 
1763 he leturued to England, an J look pof-. 
fenion of his pdteriMl eflates (which have 
bten particiilaily nc>ticed, LVIII. p. 70 ). 
Under the adminitlr.ition of his friend lord 
Noith, be w.TS chofcn a member of parlia- 
ment, ;4nd appoin'ed a lord of tr.'Mie) and, 
upon his luri:fhip*s rcfignation, reTurned to 
Switzcrlaix', wlierehc propofed to havefpent 
the rema'ndcr of his life in lUidy .nnd retire- 
ment. lUit. about thite year^ fmce, he paid 
a vifil ti- bis friends in London ; and, l;5t<jly> 
pave 3 puMif of the gomlnefsof his heart in fa- 
crticing eveiy lonfider.ition. arid (pii:tint;his 
elegcint ab:>de, hdely to adminifler every 
conl'olatiun in hi^ powortohi-cdcaieft fiii nd,- 
who I >d h)(t his lady, one of the mi'ft amia- 
ble W( men in Ent'hinl (LXIiI. 37t*>477.) 
He had lately u:idtrgone tbe palliative ope- 
ration for the hydiocrlei but the immediate 
c. jifc o his ueath W'..s the gout in bis ftomach. 
Hi- fiif"*er.nj»s wen- thoil ; for he ei-joyed liis 
uf«!.'l tiow i){ ip-ir^f, and converfcd with as 
m'.;ch e.aie y a^^ be writes, the niglil b.foic his 
de.;th reinaiking t' at he tb.oughl th.rc was 
a rJ"«>habiUty ot his e;ijjying thirteen or 
fiUitvcn n;o:e ycrb tif life; hut bad not 
bctrn Jonc; m bed b^'ore he uai lei zed 
will, cxciiiciatingp ins He endeavoured 
to fwaliow fonic brandy, Kit in vain. He 
tlun ni.hle a fj^nal Jor lus valet to leave 
thoiouni, and in a lew minutes expired. 
On lie 25d his remains were carrisd 
oi.t of t(iwn to be dcp<»f!ted in tic Mail- 
folvnim o? Loid 5hcflicM*s family in Suf- 
fcx. At Shefheld Place he had palled ^. 
Srcat prt of his time, during the lafl 
2;; \caii, ixccpt whfle he was in Swit- 
zeiland ; and lud there compofed a con- 
fidcrablc pa:t of his immoital lllflory. 
Mr. Gibb.;n polfelled uncommon Arength 
of memory, and a mind belter Hored wiih 
ki.owU\'^e and anecdote than, peihap*^, any 
man if ih*- age His converf.ition was lively 
and cntertaing in a fopiemc degree, and will 
nsver be foigi.tten by his fiiemis. He h:is 
left behind him, at his charming houfe at 
Lauf.m- e, .n library, which, though net 
very nvmcicus in its contents, nor re- 
nark able f)r the coi:diti()n of the vo- 
lume!'-, is «" may reaiunably be fcppofed, 
one of tl^e bcft that was ever rele<^lcd by 
an iiuliviuuali and which it was preiurncd 
tUat I;e had Itft cither to lord Spencer 
or lord ShefHcId : but be has given every 
thing inl:fcriminatc:y to a yuvmg Swi^s 
gen?.cm:n, to whom he vas remarkably 
attached, and who accompanied him laft 
year in a vifit to this country. \Ve:.i8 
forry to learn .Mr. Gibbon, fo dif- 
tirigullhed in the annals of liicratuie, has 
not left .sny new W(»rk for publication ; but 
bear that among bis pr.pen> icwji Ikctclies 

' tcr 

T^9§>^i'^9GiTiMapy-ff tMfidirabb Pirfom. — Bill $f M$naEiy. 95 

are ftmnd oi meraoin of his life «nd wri- 17. Arjed 56, Mrs. Anne Trotter, inir 
*i«>#L.(io ^fikh are in^foUuced the moll uc(i «>f St. HnJc's c»»arrry-fchool. 

emioent cluradlers in Europe, and man/ 

iM in a yetj iniperfe<Sl an I unflni'.hsd 
Ame. It i% Imped t'lit his fri'^nd IdM S!i«f- 
"llUld, -Wt>D is (o vHAi acquainted with every 
didnglit of c^is extraordinanr perfon, and 

10. of \ dcclin**, Mr. Ricknelly wife of 
Mr. A*exan-'er Ktckne'l (author of the Ufa 
of K'm^ \ frci!, uxd niiny other puhltca- 
ti(>ii ), who. ?iy he: goot fenfe, nml the 
arini^bifnsf' of ' :fr maniien, not only fe- 
cnre(f f^hf lYieflvmute regards of her huC- 

^cfa«v«ry circnmi^anceof I'islifei anJ u band,' •!i>*ing ^.i union of upwards of !• 

A^^nble 01 the work, wiM arr 'n*;^, coii- 
nauoj and finifh the^e memnrs, .ind vrf-AtU 
frtlie poMick with Jbiotcrelling and c-i- 
nous an eaKertainmenc Mr, Gihhou wis 
of ^X'l erary Club, which has latrl^ 1 lit i*v • 
of itsdlftingujifhed iiMmber»,the v^rv ier;ie<l- 

yetrc, hut the cAeem-inil refpe^ of aU that 
t>.id the pl'af" e')f her acqniiitance. 

AC Bafiagboun-haU, near Stanftead^ co* 

Eifex, in caifequc^ice of a fa' I from bit 

horfe ab *iit a tnonth fioce, Joha /ifcajont 

McMtiit(l:iai c, elded (on of Uie.eafl of Bute, 

«f Peterboronsi^, ;iml the v»* i^'fs Ibrd-I'.euteninc aul Ctiito^ rorii*oruni of the 

oeUhr«ed Mr. GiMion. Trds Cl-ib, or icituily coinc o** G'amoi^an. cokytel of its militiay 

fooAiied by Sir Jofhoa Reyn.>lds and Or. 
Johnfonj has nnw fubfifted 30 y^ar^; a*id 
during the laft so hath Aen deprived of 
the follotviiiK eminent ch^r.idersc Or. 
Coldfiv til, Mr. Samuel Oyer, Mr. Beau- 
clertr. Mr G;irrick, Lar^ A^hu itm, Dr. 
J^inf »n^ Mr. T. W^rton, Or. A.fam Smith, 
Bp. Shipley, Sir - Jfilbna Keyuolds, Bp. 
Hiochcli (Ta, and Mr. Gibbon. 

an I rep elentative in parliament for.tito 
*^.'tr^ugb (>f Cardiff in that coanty. Ho 
was horn ^p*. tr, r^SS. On the 11th iA 
Odtob^r, 17"-, he married Litdy Elita- 
bet'i PooeLope Crichton, fole daughter and 
hesrefs to the prefent Earl of Dunattlef, 
leaviiig ilfue by her one fon, wh-y fucccods 
Co his tides, and wiio «-a« bom Auguli to, 
V793- The charafter of lord Mtiuntftoart 

t6» A^ed 60, S^atirl Spalding;, mafter will fpeak more energetically, for itfelf 

maft'znaker in hi^ Bftije^/S dock -y jrd, at than iU die labonred language of euiogium. 

Wo-dwich- His death was occafi-inTd ^y To re.tiind either his r^latiiviiy his friends,* 

a Tifdeoi contufion which he received (hi one or his icqualutancey that his heart gloif e^ 

of his feet, while he was. fuperi mending the wit'* the virtues which were rendered -ir- 

ramoval of forae mafts to tlie wat^r-fi- e, to 
be put on bo^rd of a ftofe-fliip. He was 
not only flcilful in his profelBoii as il fhip- 
wright, having been appointed by tlie Navy- 
board, tow.«rds the conclufion of the Ind 
W3r, toinfpe^ tbe budding of the Rof^and 
Hind frigveSf and two floKips, at Sniid- 
^te, in Kent, whicit were built by cou- 
trjft i hut was alfo well verfed in m jtlie- 
mat.cs aftronomy, and <»ptic5, the know- 
ledge of whch he acquired by (liuiy and ap- 
plic:ition, wiihuut the alTl^mcr; ot milruc- 
tors. Hedfplayed much mechanical inge- 
nuiry in the conftru^ion of fcvrral plulo- 
fo'ihicii machincSi ftw the p-rrpof". ot pcr- 
fofming exp<nment<, as one for e'eih icity, 
a ^i'anefar/utfi, globes, a micro fcoive. :uid 
a camfra ftbptra a* the top ofabjiIdii:g in 
h s garden. Snch the unlverf.'.ijry of 
hr& genius, that he wa*^ a tolerable pr(.fi:tt;nc 
\si nUific, and mide (onne of tlie :ii(l:uineitts 
©•J which he pbyed, p.irtcularly afifg.r- 
organ. He alfo conftru5lcd feveral models 
of flnp"t. In (hort, his miii»J or his h i'uls weic 
cor.ilantly employed. His dif/ofition ws 
f lacid, and his manners inoffe'ifive. He 
was mucli eHeenacd in the nei(;li'><)Uihrk.xl 
wh<:re he lived ; and his deaili is irgrctled 
I'V .ill who knew him. 

rcfitUbly cnd^ai ing by the brilliancy of his 
acroriiplifbmcnt<--, is unneceifary. This in- 
controvertiblo truth will 'Ion; remain in« 
fcri^ed up «n tbiir brea<f s, in fign.ittirei of 
furrow ; for: ow to be removed only by the 
allevi.itin^ pleaiure of rcmwm')iing Uiat he 
was an inclHiiable blelling to hi family, 
an I n )t fole^y a dilHnguifhrd but a benefi- 
cial ornannent to focicty. Here, therefore, 
th : pan gyric, to whi^h the fee'ings of the 
writer are unequal might c include ; but 
a ptiWic tribute to exa'tcd merit is abfo- 
liitciy net*dful as an inctntivt to the living. 
It ii At that, for the great purpofrs of imi- 
tation, the world ihotild know, when lofles 
of common ntagnitude arife, who ivtrt the 
perfon'ijcs whofe atflions have refledled 
back back upon the digmty of biith and 
rank more luLlre tUaathefe lad could pof- 
fibly ditfufe. 

In H(# (Ireet, \ValrIiamftow, aged 74, 
Mrs. Brifcosy wife of Mr. B. furgcoii and 
apothecary of that p'are. 

22, At his houfe in Dolors Commons, 
a|;ed 71, Mark Hulman, efq. fenior prodljr, 
and deputy rcgiiler, of the dioccfc and arch- 
deaconry of London. 

24. At Stamford, CO. Lincoln, Mr. Tat- 
terfall, of the Inner Temple, London. 

BILL of MOaXALlTY, from Dec. jr, 1793, to J. n. 24, i 




788 / f Vfalcs 960 1 ^-i ti 

774$ '5"** J '•>'"•'" %^VJ 
mtcreof hav9 died under tv. o yeai s oid 540 

Peck LoMf zi. ^J. 

2 and 5 2J2 I 50 and. 60 %97 
5 and 10 75 I 60 aiid 70 15^ 

10 &v\^ lO 
ao «t\A ^o 

40 iik^ ^o 





TKe Gentkman'% Magazine ; 


. Ipfwich. 

L!»rpMl 1 

Mwchdcr a 
Ne)r«allla j 

Shf ifitU » 

For F E BR H^ A R Y, 1791+. 


I ■'MMiralnsiralDiiriMlbr^niUiJ F*. 1794. j^ 

Ttw C'ounitfii I>>wri(ci' of OrmonJ exidiiocdiig 
If r-HUi£:i:l:tre.— Oiigiiid Ltuer nf Jrihrifoo i03 
Tboipglib onihe yellow fiver »!PhiUlelphw X.I 
A f rench CarTefiirnUant — The BiugijpliU 103 
E'1>hlilh;iicnlsfbiHtieWjJ()Wto(theC[fig>' 1.-4 
HiOurldl Accoont pf tU T»wn of St. Malo ict 
Dr. L<ckoriRieaDi)eQfBp.Hurae)r'!iClurtesT76 
LotalExprcffiiinS.— SirtJ.Cubt'iMimunieatiif 
NatuTiIill'i RimtilB in the NoHtiof EogUnJ ill 

jTuWeri uLTeignini.Liili and HiJluipneigiiEon iij 
OnSjxon,I<)or(n.ia,»t10uti''C AichiicAnce 114 

iTilfi^jEa in Darb^niifa.— OUIM 

8p. Ullages.— Suinc6hfi:ivjt kmi on AlunTiJc.^ 
On R ejimf iiirt&irteoni.— CtmnlT Hillurin J J 7 
FJrR>i.iu{y uf H^i ^Hebrew, Aralik, fcc. jly 
Sir Jiitiii I'tirackiDMteri'sHuufe at Ciuebloo th. 
Cf.mple il'Anoii' LetiCfia Macflul Bfu^liu ilK 
Curiouitxtrj^htuvantrnkiiowii VVm«r 11^ 
SirWili;aiiiJ.iocE'cCliJr«£ieriif Drlnhnftm 120 
.Rimark^uliMr.BoAlitlljpd MUcScHiiril M.' 
Gtninl'i'Iljll ImMlM-.-^Oi^Savw HcjTIs III , 


Ailmiffinn'lgThralrcsrenJtrcd refund 9ify i 
RiTnjrliahle"Monemeni fouifd irfFbi Holm 1 
Dt. Monn'i Acconhc of ihe FVcnchR(irol«ti..i. i 
MlmvchiBiAiiilKaiiiil'lics.— Teniplr|nr,fci:. 
French Anillejy-l-jidcd by filr. Wilktafon 1 
LqgenJ.iry.^oij'Df tiiebmouiSteiiiieyLady I 
On •xaaixf Schouli (or Chfmitej-ly. Xpert 1 
l>r. GeJilct OefflMicd lE-iinR |. M's ChKg'i i 
N\\/ Yeai's p;Ei to Rr. Pri«fl1ey eooduded t 
Cuiiqua na Ti-di ij"Btlioi(eJ.— Mr.Jaekfoo 1 
I'lmily of Hobf.— llin-fehticiAil Kufbuidi; I 
PruceetlingioCpreicrti Sclfiontif Fiiliamani t. 
... ,. - ,_Kii4j— 1 


Counti J New>, >nd Domeftic Uccuireiicet ( 
Marri4gttS, Dealtis, frefcrmeots, fcc ijS — r 
Th«;itric;.l RrgiAci— Bill of Mur^litf, tic. I 
Duly Viruitiiini in the fiicci sf the SuCkt I 

Bv . ? ' r X tr AfiU S 1/ R B A N, 

^8 iLuwtkgUd t^mim fir Juaaiy mi Fdinianr 1794. 
MiTKOBOLociCAL Tail* for Febnsry, 1794. 

W. CART, Oprieiia. Ifo. iSa, near Norrotk-Strccl. Stnnd, 





»^™^ Sut,rfW««WipJ«u«T,i„4. 


J gentle 



14 4-10 Froft, Jtui, Md ptaiteit 



6- u>|hr«r fr. Jt, fin >ppcan P.M. 



J1|unirn>n, dsar 


> cilcN 


9- hvJ frflft, thM^ P.M. 





4-t« Froft. cImt, and ftin 


. « 


;-ie frun, fun, ant pltufnl 





T-ti hfl, rw Ian 


E a'n 



SE <»<lni 



J-ro froft, fon, and plmfanl 


£ ulm 



T-tc rcrt, (no, tni ftnfaM 

E ulm 


9-i« ftwft, fijn, and pteafMI 




4-10 fww, nrr dark Ait 





4-I- d*--, fon, Md pi«r»> 


i olm 



.-to:1or, <bo.«idpU>bai 


W geniW 


4-in J»rk, fliy, dean up, Timi 




i-ia1<<Q« Ocv, Qm, Md frlMTaQt 








.. 4'' 

4^iotlonmy aU d*]r 
j-.o5wr, d<UEt»(ul dir 





wo^wfc (k7. fun, apd ptoitoii, bail Ouwcn 




j-.e!milt. cleanup 

SSW cal« 



4>iOD*crciR, •kartup, ArHdqr 


W brifk 



loio-niin, <'cnriJlb<>~en'fhiik 


W hrilk 



•;-ioWwft», dou*, ftotmy, nofw 

•'E Adin<7 

■I,. J 


Iffinw nil P. M- EGmpeftnms 



•9. ? 


Uee: »i int«T»lt, Saavj •nroim 


« £>lm 



■ Frnft, liclh fm>w 


W hr.(k 



bnrt nU dn, ftwt* at n«hi 

,5 .'.W t,L!.it 



' rmft, f), thvnm, thaw 

)o;sw ■rnkra'a 

. J7 


clew (liy, fligki froft, thawi 


S nwdrraie 



• Tht Hysrntnetfr '» at 

' ■o:fcrv-.[>in.. A f.ra being 
k!;i:;'/ ^:i' ^re end nf ihe moi 

,•», j^/.ir.'^-jH-'Bf jItrfaTi i 

/ u,^.,.,t,iCK. — i . Tticm 

KbipCOTii, 14 fMt long, aecordinf Ca DaUro'i Mctmtnl^eal 
i^htad in ib> roan wh-n it H plaoed, cauU it lu b* dilun- 
ill, hi 1 »tU he tefnneJ Again in Fe><rniU7. 
lid Nod iaibencbt; i^nwre thaacwo incbtttbick. Ther* 
n Ihe niotHiDg tV ; ififrnoon, i<.' — f. Iw from lift nigliC 
d te(ep.rve aadin\Uthaw vvw fcncnJxni- TV«vs««iii- 
iTubiiilhjnalaud.— ». Suam '•HWa.'tt vk«V«»»^^^ 

ibc fiiDi):r >■> ■3i1> *°<' ''>* ^'^ "* ii"*l'«l *"l> ■By OM, when be bad 

IJ.7, fwrcelj laken ■ degree j loi, after hii 

f^rmtt me tu aU to wbit M. E. mea- lirft dej^ree, he vmi Uvea yciri ufhcr at 

UODhio p.iiGi. of ■ laudable cliiritj) at WcflmiBfter'&hool. It wai on hia re* 

Wlrrfiad, ihai fnch xmehas loitg ea- turn from tiiTclliag with Ur\ CnIWc, * 

ined in Dmbli', and hai been found lo rbai be wai appoinied head-maflcr of 

btncflGiil, that to reodir in pned ctfedi Wcftminfler fcbool. Not long ilier hi* 

pil l more mtufut ami pcrmaneat, the Tcfi^atioo of ibii appointiiieat, od ac- 

■•i(hboDrtioodrfWarrin£too.-'ij. Soriw,wiihaiemp*lhKiniwiad: th«wriurofihi>rDda 

aahorfcbaclL threugtitlieftorm. Afur cearirtg to ftiow (about nine o'cfock}, ailKMlcala 
far a lew minWM, ui.l brighinefs tuwarili the Weft, «hilft the Noith-eaa<rii paxt of ilw 
bemifphere wii coverea with pitchy ilarkoeli, a hwricana wiib drintu inow onfaod. Tb» 
dccaT*d btanchw o( rrea im each ti Je liie road fell ahundvillf t a large tr*e lay torn up by 
Ibc rwiu; feveral rooftof buildings were girl ng waj 1 a load of llr w ovonuriMd in tM 
nod . « coacbmnii Jedarod ifieTwardi h* expeOeid his coach 10 bive been overtwiMd, llM 
horfes beine forced out of 111* psih hy ihe nm|t)nefc of tba wind. Mj horfa rcpeiMdly tw 
fufed to pfoeeeJ. The iMnpeft conimned with inerealed vialeoce abaut one lioor. 

Pall ef ram ih» monih, i inch 6-ioil>i. Oiic tmbca nllcl, and two tia viflUi; bm 
been burft, containing water (or e»apor«ioa. 

fTa/if, ««■ i.iW/«/. L Holt. 

* TlMelesantnndsccoTnpliOisd LadyEteanorB'itW, who refidei it a bHotfiiil GMUn 
wv UmsoUsBi in Oenbishihii*, calM PLw Mwithl, » hit fite. 1u>\-c. 

100 Bijhop Hmchcliffc. — An Original Letter of Dr. Johnfon. f Jan. 

ecunt of ill heafth, he became tutor to 
the pfcfent Duke of Devoofliire, at 
home, for two years; but he did not, 
as , you htve meatioDed, afterwards 
travel with him. 

Yours, &c. OXOKIENSIS. 

apainft them, but by dctiing them' before 

That it is in vain to ihrink from whnt 
canrnt ht avoided, and to hide that from 
ourfelves which mud fom«timct be^fomid, 
is a tt-iith which we all know, hut which all 
negleA, and (tcrhaps none more than the 
fliecuUtiv<f rea<Gner» wlioCc thoughts are al- 
w.'.ys from home, whofe ejt wanders over 
life, irhofe fancy dance5 after meteors of 
liapp'-nefs kindl^ by itfelf, and wtio exa-- 
miiitfs every thing rather than his own 

Norhinf: is more evident than that t)ie de- 

Mr. Urban, ^^^^ ,^ 

THE ff'l'owing letter of Dr. Johnfon 
to a f.-icnd, Opon the deaih of his 
wTfe', Mr. Bofatll, in his b«>grdphiral 
account of that trulv great nmn. vol J. 
p. 311, fuppofes to bt, and laments as, cays of .igu mult t«miiii«te in death. Yet 
lofl. «• The dreadful fliock of iVpara- there is no man (fays Tully) who docs not 
«• tion •' liyu he, *' took plac- in the believe that he may yet hve another year} 
«• Kih i and he (Dr. lohnlcn) immedi- ^^ there is none who does not, Ui|c^n the 
" arelv d.(P% ched . letter to h s friend, ^^"»« principle, hope another yea. for his 
•« I. T> T> T.. i**^ ^k ^K -.Ta^ parent or his fi lend I but the fallacy will be 

- lor .old me. txpufled giitf in the ^.-u ,,,„,,. .t h.iscome,ahd i»paft.~" The 
«' flrorptft manrer he l»ad eter read ; ,.j.^ ^.,^,^,^ ^^.^ ^.^ ^^^^ ^^^ pj^^^^ .^ ^^ 
** /f tf^at ti ti much fbi regretted H bat ^^ ^^j^ ^„j ,jj^ g .tis of death are Ihut upoA 

hot b/t!n freftrvtd, 

I cannot b«flp cxprcflTinjr a wifh, that 
Mr. I^ofwci*'* «ent>imenit r^-fpcd^ing the 
frtte ot this letjrr had been in<»re jicne- 
rallv krown, as I no doubt but 
thiit he would ha^e received copie* of ii 
from varioufc hands. But, though it has The blamelels life— the artlels lendemcfs— 


my pn'<'pcils '" 

Tlielofsof a friend on whom the heail 
was fixed, lo u horn every wiih and etidea- 
vour tendt-d, \y a Itate of defi>lation in wtMch 
ttie mind lo«>ks abioau imp:«tient of irfelf, 
nni* find« nothing huiemptineCi and horror. 

bi»iuiio eluded his rtlra'iches, and the 
^ilcovery of its exigence will be made 
t4>«» latt fo obt-iiD a p'mcc in the prefent 
edition of iriauihor's life, ihatdiilinc- 
tion, \ trhaps, m'«v be tonfcrted upoi. it 
hereafter m ihe nexl^ TiU it Am 1 be 
wanting for ih?t, or fon.e oiher Intrary 
purj>of<s, vou will ob Tgt me by alli^n- 
ini> tc it n pl.^ce in rUe aichives of the 
G€m Irman's Ma^awrr, 

Xouis, &'c. Will. Faulkner. 

tr# the Rev. Dr. Taylor. 

pfnr Sir, Mariik 17, I75t> O.S. 

Jv,oiwrliilaft»'ing lh« warnings of philofiv 
pjicfS. And the daily exampUs i»f ItiiTcs and 
m» foi luntj". VI hich l^fj^; fmcesuponm, fuch 
ii r!ic jthf.initon (i oux thoughts in thr hu- 

the pious (implicity — the modei|t refignation 
— t'.ie |>atieiic fickncf, and the quiei Uea-'h,—- 
are remembered only to add valve to the 

liifs to aggravate cegret for what cannot 

he amended -te deepeii (bnow for wluf 

caunnt he reeaUed. 

Tfiefe are the calamities by which Provi- 
dence gradually dift>ng.iges us from the love 
of life. Other evils fonitude may repel, or 
hope may mitigate; l^Ait irreparable privation 
leivcs nt'thing to exeicife refolution, or 
fl.itttrr expcct'tion. 'J lie dead cannoc icr 
turn, and nothing is left us here but languifh- 
ment and gri( f. 

Yd fiich i» Liie cou< fe of nature, that who- 
ever lives long mull oulIiV« ihofe whom he 
loves aiid honours- Such is ihe condition 
of our pirfcnt exiilencc, tl^it (ifc mull one 
time Iui« Its atf()cia;i.jns, and every inhabi- 

fiucf' of Vie piefcQt day— fuch the refigna- lai.t of the carih mult w;alk oowi;ward to 

cion of oar reaion to jempty hopes of fii!u e 
felicuy (~or fuih our unwiUingnefs to foic» 
fee V ti;«t ue dicau, D'.at every calamity 
eor^r (u 'denly upt>n us and not omI^ pielles 
us .«s .» iHiiihei , bui crif.hcs as a bL:w. 

There aie evils wh«-h h^pi'en out of the 

. e'>mm(¥i ancrfe of n;*iu'e^ agninft wl ich it 

i» n<^ reprouch not to be p. ovided. A &tih 

tlie grave alone .•utt unregarded, without 
any partucr of hi> jv>y or grief, without any 
imeieited w|roefi) vi his mivfortunts or fuc* 
cefs. Mi.sU^(unes indeed be may yet feel. 
lor whereas ilie boUom of the mifery of 
mM\ I Hut what is iuccefs to him uho has 
none to enjoy it? Uwippinefs is nut found 
in feir-coiitem)dation { — it is perceived only 

ef lightning intercepts ilie traveller in his when it is refled^^d from another, 

ipvav. The.cui.pi^on of an earthquake We know little of the Itate of departed 

he?'ps tl)e ruin of «.;ttts upon their inhahi- fouis, becpuie fticb knowledge is not nccci- 

ItQts. knt <»il>«-r m ftiio timehnngs, though fary to a good Ife. Realon deferis us at the 

l^lcntlyt yt( yi^l^ly tof^^ard, by its own brmk of tlie grave, .ind gives no f.trthcr in- 

lapie, which y<,t;approaUH| unften,becauCe tel'i^ence Revelation is not wholly filent. 

we turn our evci away, and f-ize us ume- <* There is joy iii the angels of he ivcn over 

tfycd, becaeSs we coula not 'arffi qturfolYet aAoDcr tliat lepeuuih." And fureiy this 


X dmtB/i$ appcaia iq hare accounicd 
very laiifafloi ilv Foi ihc oiigm of ><i« 
Hut\ rftlcure wliiib hurried fiich nuip- 
bcntothcgtm.inPhiJa(terf.hii, du< 
ring the pioK^'li ot lii- diciilfui ■ oJa- 
miljr, all enqunr (null ncceS'jiilj cole 
M t» ihc pfababll (aufai, Hnurcicf 
KCunle UtJicai may be in hitftatc- 
■<■(, It ia b^ no inc*n> the tiifl appcar- 
aacc of a malignant iclLw fever in Phi- 
Utlphia, ai ihe folloAUiK xUlioD »ill 
wftitT- M- j-randfji'.ti, id wbIMik 
ihiRg lomc uf (tie wba< i>, wat -tEiQtd 
bj ■ puiti'i Imell, ivhith, iid epq.iirr, 
pfOTtd lu p'licccil lium a pile 'if liunci 
ulcd aa ballaO \t>a IhipEbai bid t.rned 
a itry confiilciab^c nutnlKr ot patfin- 
geii; ihc fi.ii.i'-iiig da) ht wai tcizrd 
•iiballihtliiiiptumv ..f iht m<,ii,.iu- 
]»■ illDcf.. The biA adt.c« WdS called 
i., and ihe pUjluian pii,.,u„n^fd n lo 
W rhe ftllow ler.r. All inlcicOHfte 

•k,t »da ai.Uui=.y n«.li.,).' The 

fthfiicn wai lu^iFit, faat ihtteoftbe 

Thert iDighi )ia*e been fligbr onci, ia* 
fufficitriE to ac^omplilh (he difpcTfio^ 
of ihc (ligDittd iiT, kefore a rcEurmick 
of {till \Y«»th«r aad violrot hut. The 
accouoti lay, that hot and tcry drf 
wcjiher prei'aiUd, and ihit the nofU- 
hcD it wii cool. I con- 
ore, that, for a Confider. 
I'cnnfiaed liiuaiion), th^ 
ramained almoR flatian- 
halt We. Acount for th« 
litiDg itmoft only m ih« 

at ibey' are eommetif 
ctlicd, fuch M'aguei, miliary ftven. 
&c. prevail iB'irE at the clofe of the 
fuminer feafoD than n any other period 
there, and ihit, nodoulit, airifttd. The 
havoc WBi attnntUlitijflv grcdl, confider- 
ingthe Deaiu<r> and frgulariiv of tli; 
ciiy. There are only two ftreett thai 
aicthele^lt crooked. Waicr.hrcei it 
tSiS\y Ti Hilar lu Thamn-driet, wet, 
and imgularly built, mhabiKd by fii. 
Idii, he. Tha\unu^v>a &tu\>\^ *kY>«^\ 

102 Tl^Till^wEfver at?h\lMielphhaet$itntid/9n [Fc!iu 

rn-ruchiflrtety it not to be wondered at. vcmber, 37. and 31. Deeetnbcry 53* 

The oihcr crooked one is next to Wa* and 52. 

rcf-ilreet, and parallel in all its wind- The diflkrence in climate, eftinaatec} 

mgiy at the houfet ate the fame tn both ; at above, it very fufccptible. It per- 

tvitt^thia diiSeience, that ibe fronts in hapt may be faid, that thii is deduced 

Fronc>(freet are generally three Hoiiet, fnim one voar only; but long evperi- 

while thof*- in Water-ftieer arc five and ence in botb counirie» hath convinced 

fix. The bank may be» in the whole me, thst the U€t it at 1 have (lucd it. - 

kngtb of the city, from fifteen to tweo- Hhs Mu^Uiu ever beheld the Delaware 

ly feet in Keigbt. Thoueb thelc ftreett loaded with thoufandt of people, teams 

use not ftraight, yet, in (ome partt,thcy drawing on i road ptthCt at one mad« 

aie r* for half a mile. Except Water- through the fnow in the adjacent covnr- 

ftreet, ail the othert are from fifty to try, and all thit on fV/ $ would he then 

f^ixty feet wide, and, from one end, the have aflerted tbc cliraatet are parallel ? 

country beyond may be ieeo at the Who hat in England leen a river, a 

Athcr. In thrre of the Rreets the hoa* mile in breadth, one evening clear of 

fts extend, clofcly built, nearly three ice, and velfelt in notion; the next 

milcif. Thit, at firft view, mtket morning a mirror, politked with fucb 

iirang6r» exclaim. How fmall it tbia exquifite (kill, that msmikwg 00 it is im- 

city I you fee <p]ite the length and fHilfibie; yet bearing hundreds flm- 

Iceadtb ai onee : however, the way ting ! Such a fcene I have beheld, and 

^ feems fengtbnisg ti /^O^ go." Fer- wondpred ar, in America^ Or, by way 

fcaportiere are few cttiet in the world of conrrali, who, in EngJand, hat fat 

lettey calculated to repel contagious with the thorcnomcter at 96,* gafping 

direafea than Fbitadelphia; (ituated for bieath, farronnded by clouds piled 

between the Delaware and the Schayl- one over the othtr, in grandeur not to 

Itii, which are, in the city, but two be defcrfbed, ke^)r AAUonary bjr the 

mittt apart, fnd meet eigfit milet be* contendiog quantities of lightning \\\ 

low it> the former faarcciy left than a each; while every leconH tbe daiting 

mile in width oppofite the town, and at fluid maket its efcape in vifi&je andv ir* 

<^nc hundred and fijuy from the Tea \ regolar lines from one cloud to the 

the latter atiDofi as wide at thelThtniet other ^ Many an evening have i (pent 

at London* Would one not fuppoft, in viewing thofe wonderful contentions, 

that the cwrrcnt of air, condantly fup- a'^d many a ileepleft night have I paif* 

filed frcffi from the country by thofe ed in dreading the ilorm th<it alwaya. 

vaft hodiet of water, mufi remove or fo'lows fuch ttormt, at, I will boldly 

prevent the Ilagnation that might prevail aflerr, no Englifhman, tbat bath not 

In a left advaaugeous l^tuaiion ^ travelled, ever fuffered under. The 

1 am rather forprixed MidUus fiiould ftate of the weather, during this horri* 

call the Peanfylvanian ** a climate fimi- ble calamity, was obferved by D. Rit- 

lar to our owb." He furety wrote^ thit tenhoufe, e(q. and wat at follows, 

pafage inadvertently. The grcatefi de- In Auguft, >79J» the height of tho 

free of heat, in April il^tt !■ Phila- thermometer was on the 5.90th— the 

.deiphta, wat, by Fahreinheit, 90 5, of 25.66th-*4 days of rain. In September 

coid, X5.A. May, So.i ; co<d, 34,1. the thermometer's grcateft height £9* 

Jttne, 93 Si aold, 45. July, 96; loweft 70.— wet days one. Odobcr, 

eold, 45.7. Augull» 95 i cold 50. thermometer 80. and loweft 37 —3 wet 

September, 93.61 cold, 36 5. Oflober, days. November, till the 191^, tber- 

to.3> cold, t6 3. Novemoer, 77. 5 j mometer highefl 67.— k>weft 41. — rain 

cold, il.f* December, 57,9 1 cold, Iwice. From the above it appeart, that 

i6.a.— December, 17(6, cold 3. below there were only la rainy days in jos. 

o. January, 1 7S 7, 16.3 cold, Febru- Who can wondei that infed ion fpread 

vy» 5» ^d. Bflarcb, 14. cold. during fuch heat apd drought > yet, of 

The heat aad cold in London, 17S7, fo great importance it cleanlineU, that 

was as follovrt, by Fahrenheit's: hot 50. 7-8ths of the vi£hn>t that fell were of 

cold 30. In January. •*• February, that claft who pay ieaft attention to it. 

13 J cold, 33. March, 545; — 37. Let ai/^ then, fince to privrmt it im« 

April, 53-5* and 39. May, 66.5, and polfible, endeavour, by every poffihU 

39. June, 71. and 46. July, 74. and means, in ib great a city as Lundi/u, to 

SJt' Autruii, 74>- and 53. September, tfwi^/the fcourge— by cieanlmcls. 

46. sad ^S^ Q^ob^f^ 94. and 41, No- Ywurt, fcc. J, ?. Malcolm, 


hummtmrl d* hfl—c* dioi voire oMnge, 
aui en lour i lafoit le lipcrioire dc 
i'bamitiu htmm* ct de Vhtmrnt hoaaiit. 
ii*. ». ANfAO^lAOi;. 

^ITH the plcafuif id^A ihai biDE 


' loiandiicriMMif, la p. leiTi of 
your Migiiine for iiSfi on the turmtt 
voluniB of " Bioiraphia BrinapU'i" > 
■rork in which ihc ftriitcft impanialit]r 
M >n cflentiil icquilitc, may h>*< isdi)- 
ced ihc Editor lobavc bcco "fomewtiitt 
■noie noderaiC in hii lite publlotinn 
noiicid bf D. L. in p. 1164 of your 
lift Supplement I I very Few obUtyi.- 
tioRi upoo the 6Fth Tolunc Ihall now 
fa« fubmiited 10 hii confiHtraium. lo 
pi^e j64duea(ieniien Qiuultt have bren 
p«id LO a Uu ediiJDn of " Eriglaiid'i 
^Eioical EpiiUcf, by &)ictiacl Duyion 1 
with oolet and illuJlia^iuni 1 London 
I7l>i" odsw. ' Tl>c EiJxv^ wai Mr. 
l^uidii, ifit pnfent ingrniouf Prufctfot 


F. ij. tel. ■( I. 56, md " fig. 4." 

The eighth line 0/ T. Wartoo'i fiw- 

oei, ia p. (t. fliqulcl cloTe wiib ib« wor4 

" nyl'd," iwhich it here crroneauflf 

changed into "thought." Searh*l>i 

ediiionof hii"Poeni,''ia iT^i,p,i07. 

Am Ot-DHTosKLX roil debt. 

Mr UtBAK, tntrif. fil>- tl- 

IN compliinM wiifa the rcqucA of your 
currelpODdtnt " Cltriiui," IN your 
UR Magaiinc, I fend you an accoMcof , 
" the Charily fat the rtlttr of rteWi- 
4«tvi, Orphan!, and diftfelTed Familiec 
«!' the Clergy, witbio the EaH.RjdiD| 
D^ the Count* of York, and Tons tnj 
Cauntjof U'-li." Thit ciwi.eot ip. 
fti uiion was eftabliltied in ihc year 
rSi, by the benevolent txciiioni of 
die Jaic Rev. Thomxi ConfiibU, Rifl- 
tiir 'if SigjleflhiK-n, ind «Et«cwvt^, 
Arthdcacm ol \Uc ILwS ^\i\T.%-, ■s'na'v* 
labour. 10 ^)ehi.« ot ^V^t U'.T^Wfv •\ ■4k 

tD4 Farioui EfiMlfiminti for the Widows rf Oergjnun. [Feb. 

all wb« Icnow bim. This Charirr, 
firom fmall ben^ipniingSy is now in a very 
flourifliiDg ficuation I the diftribunont 
for the IaA year amounted to the fum cf 
t4$L-, 13s.. by. which 7 widows, 7 daugh- 
tersy and two funs of Clergymen were, 
relief td, R, R. 

Mr. Urban, Fth, 14. 

TO the D«tet of edabtifbrnents for 
the widows of Clergy mcD, p. 40^ 
nay be added. 

1. An hofpital at Canterbury for fix 
widows, founded by Mi.Cog»n in the 
year 1656; and to them Dr. Aucher, a 
prebendiary of that Cathedral, was, in 
1696, a principal contributor*. 

z. A college founded near W.ncheller 
Cathedral for ten widow«, by Biihop 
Moriey, who died in 1684 f. 

). A college near the clofe in Salif- 
biiry for ten widows, founded by Dilbop 
Wren, who died iui6ft8|. 

4. A cotlegt for (ix widows, founded 
It Wigton, in Cumberland, anuo 1785, 
by Thomas John Toinlinfon, M. A. 

$. In the church-ysrd of Corwca, in 
Wales, is a building, founded by Wil- 
liam Eyton, ot Pias Warren, in Shi u|>. 
ihirt, who, io 1709, left by a wlli a 
fum for the fuppoit of f*K widnwt of 
Clergy, of the couniv oi McrinnctU on- 
.ly, «nd for the ere^ttr.^ of Hx Iioufej 
for them to live in. in conTeqiience 
this building wa^fin>(hcd. jir.d lands, to 
Cbe prefenc vcnount of fiyry (lOu'^'ls a 
year, boui^lity which is k«|iia!ly divdcd 
among the widows rtf lent line \. 

6. An hospital aiSdiilbar), ?oli, fc-^ by 
Bp Waid lor th«t diocfcle ; ^nd aroihrr 
ai Li'diow, if i midakiB nut, fur Hcic- 
tord dr C(^f^. 

Bilhop Kcr.'^et, in Arlvicfs in the 
Cler^fy ot (lie Diuccfcof Petcboiuu*. h, 
in 1720. iT'Cntiont, aii«1 b'Mlis .1 iirilc, 
«t on** chirity. as it were, abr>u<)d'n«; in 
ti-d^ u^.>'.cici 1./. r> mc proviHun iii;idc, 
by w ly lA pTjif :,•; u!:iiu:i:i;i» yi il pei\- 
lions, to ;nc UjU^;Ul«;«; vt ilcr^vnitn 
\v.(.!i(n th^t ■ diuccfc, who iivt.d wuh 
gucMi ;v;..Urt:!''n, i-pmvr"" (I, ^o ihe ti^e 
. cf iii'iv vi.iN, K. ■■ ; .;;, '..,,: :aiil cnaniy 
turin* c;.«." .iif.ii. j;.^;'., -rd n(» long- 
er. 1 h .^ •■; ;ii*.ir * II 1! » V wa» gi»«rn wy 
ft u«.t • I- - »',u-<.:.: r c\ unt aX hs 

. lordibip's prcdeceflbrs in that (ee, (Bto* 
Frances Towers,) and a.purchafe'of 
lands, made with th^ mogey bequeath* 
ed» invefted in fuch rruftecs as feem 
to mark Bifbop Kennet to bare been 
very careful and Faithful to tbe fettle- 
ment and management of it* 

In Coliaftanca Curiofa, 8vo, 17K1, 
vol. ii. N® 9. is a letter written by Mr. 
White Kennet, about ^he year j^S, 
and fenr, withrut a name, to Bilhop 
Stillingfleet, at whofe diipofa), it was 
then faid, Sir Thomas Winford Cook's 
10,000!. was then left. 

The Monthly Review for Marshy 
1783, p. 230, noticed its containing 
fomewhai worthy of attenyon, and its 
coDfifling of hints for founding a col* 
\t%c fur rlic Tons of the clergy. 

Vol. LXIII. p. 1192, Mr. JohnPiU 
grim wai educated in the King's School 
belonging to Rochefter Cathedral ; and, 
in the HiHory and Antiquities of Ro- 
.chcfier, 4t pages* 199, too, is.a,{ketch 
of his chara^er, by a perlon, who, when 
he w»<»re ir, whs not aware cif there. be- 
i:'g. ai CliUun, auy mtmorial of his 

Infcription 9, p. 41, with a I'ulc 
variaru-n. is nor uncommon. Iris the 
fecund ttanxiof an epita{>h in WiOicich 
Chuic!i<yard on :in infant. Tli<s la 
thoutfhr to be the original, and, arcorJ- 
ing to Hacket, (C<^lic6V. •. i. p. IZ9.) 
^wa> wiiiten by Samue! Wtflcy. 

W.and D. 

* ^jo'iu;,.;'* Vi'.i.iC. /-•Mcnda p. ^9^, 
f O.tiiv u ».c i lo-i'tiibu^, p. 244.. 

f- .'.'.;•/ ./,., ar*.i Iiurn'sWftoryot Weft* 
^'f .■er... .:.' ■../ c.'/,j/.. rl.nJ V. li. 1 29,c;. 

Mr. UkBAN, Ottery^ Ftbru^ry \^. 

TH E inonumtni dtlcnbed p. 17. by 
J. P. M. iv vtiy much like t.vo 
of iht Time conipUx on m the chuich 
of Ol ery &l. Maij. Riltlvmsnd , 
the once famous hiflorians of Dc».)U- 
fliire, icti US|^ that the horizontal tiguics 
under the ctipoia were Knights Tem- 
plars. Tr!cy ccrt:iinly might, have been 
the rep>e(eiKanvcs of out of the orders, 
thouiih the I'.g be nottrolTed : hur, froin 
evciy itviud on paper and information, 
front I he ficuarion of thefe tmblcnis, 
and the f:;ittcrcd lb*cUr» of Graudifon, 
who, in foinc lorrocr c-mtury, was Bi- 
lhop of EKctcj, and enjoyed a tythmg 
in, ^nd lived within a mile of Otteiy 
St. M ry, it may reafonabiy be f'uipo- 
fed, ( thcfe are cenotaphs creeled in 
houo'brot his rather and mr»thcr. They 
are pUccd in parallel ditc£tioa», and 
one is evidently the figute of a woman. 
No doubt but the arch which J. P. M. 
mt^(i<^ifi^,'corers (he rcpieieucatives of 
^ch av w^ (g^iif^u\>} ^vC>^& uf dl^<^ 


SiMt 6pnt lUI the rtign of Lwi. XH. H^jf^', E;,;t""b^i;; ^pi 

tbu It, till about the beginning of the'ftiiftiou 

finecBlh cimuo. During ihe wan be- hoM of ihis g^Uioi, next 

tneen HeDij IV. of Frince. Ind the (lowe*] i?c 

Firuiuii of the Ije»gue, ihe inhRb'ittntt cfleil of pn 

*ifSt Malo, apprehending ih»l iheir go- ilie fefinin , , ._ _ 

vcmor inundad u> declare for ihe king, flnoring of thick, umber, «loch vm pcr.o- 

■ad admit hit (roups into the io*n, f»"d in fevers! plices, to a-lm\\ i>w: w^„\ 

.faund me^ntta (utpnicche anic, and, *« Wisloeomiiw[ift*»ft«fttv M^wviii* 
CssT. Mac, MrKarj, 1794, ^'* 

lo6 Hiflmcai Account of the Tpiwn $fSu Mato. [Feb. 

^<m or this floor weie laid 300 carcafest con- vefltis under his command 1 and the latter 
fif^ni^ of freniidesy cannon-hulkts, chain- was entirely committed to the Dutch* wha 
flioty great han of irony and an incredible employed therein four bomb-ketches ' for 
y»ri t> .>f'otl)cr combuftible matter, which many hours. On the 5thy every thing was 
produced a 6re that, according to the re- ready for the attack of the town: lord Berke- 
port of the Frrnch at that time, cotild not ley gave the iignal about fimir o*dock in the 
be quenched but by hot water. With this morning, and upon thi/ eaptain Benbow 
machine, which from its office was called hoifted the fUmd coloured flag on-board the 
the Infernal, the fleet fet fail from Guem- Charles galley. Immediately after, the 
1«^y. the public being utterly ignorant of its Englifli and Dutch frigates, arpmnted to 
deftinaiion. 'At four o'clock in the after- guard the bomb-vefleli, entered the channel, 
noon of the i6th of NoTvmber, th«7 an- and came to an anchor within a mile and 
chored before one uf the entrances into the half of the town, having colonel Richards 
harbour of the city, called Quince-Fort. A- and the bomb*veflel> in a line before them 1 
bout eleven at night they came within can- and the bombardment began about fix. AU 
non'fliot of the town, and bombarded it till this time the enemy flred veu warmly from 
t>urinthe morning of the 17th, when they thefliore, from tha batteries of the great 
were obliged to warp out, for fear of being and little Bay, and from the illaod ef Dan- 
s^round. On die 17th and 18th the veflcls hour, from Fort V.mban, Fort Royal, Fort 
went in again, aiid the bombardment was Quince, &c. their galleys and boats taking 
renewed ; but Aill the)' wei-e obliged to alio the opportunities of thethles^ and row- 
return before the tide was out. On the 19th ing fometimes fo near as to gall the line of 
fome of the failors went a(hore on tlie Ifland bomb-ve(re's. Yet, in fpite of thi6 intcrrup- 
Sezconlere, burnt a convent, and on the fame tion, about eight o'clock, . a great fire broke 
day preparations were made for An- out in the £aft part of the town, and vaft 
king the great blow, by playing off the Infer- clouds of fmoke were feen afiMnding in fe* 
nal; an engineer being put 00-board, carried verjl places. Lord Berkeley, and the other 
he|- under fuU fail to the foo% of the wall admiritis, can^e in their boats to encourage 
where (he was to be fixed, notwithdandtng the icamen, and exprefled mnch fatn^a6Han 
all the fire of the place agaioft him ; hut it as to the manner in which the atttck was 
happened that the wind, fiiddeoly veering, difpofed. An Englifli and Durch fireOiip 
forced him off before the vciTel could be fe- ^ on fire the wooden fort on Quiace-rock, 
/nired, and drove her upon a ruck, witliin which burnt for two hours $ and about four 
piflolfhot of the place where fhe was to in the afternoon a great fire broke out in the 
have been moored. All pofnble attempts Wefl part of the town, ^ 
were mnde to get dear of this rock, but with- ** By fevimin tlie evening the bonb-vefTels 
out effe^ ; and the engineer, finding that the had fpent their cargo of 900 bombs and car- 
veflel had received damage from the fliock, cafes, and ttaerefioce the fignal was made to 
and began to open, fet fire to the train and pat to fen. 

left her. The fea-water that broke in pre- - « The whole enterprtze was executed by 

vented fome of her carcafles from taking fix Englifti aild km Dutch men of war, 

fire ; but the veflel foon ^fter blew vp, with nine gaJliocs, Inarteen flat-bottomed boats, 

an expltfion that fliook the city like an and two brigamines. The lofs fuibined on 

cartliqiiake, uncovered above ^co boufes, the ftde of- the aflailanta was fixty men 

threwdowntbegreateftpartofthewallto- killed and wounded by the fire of the 

wai-ds the fea, and broke all the glafs, chi- French; a bomb-vcflel Icalled the Ter- 

ntif and earthenware, for three leagues riblis, lb fluttered, that it was neceflary to 

round. The conflemation of the people fet it en fire; two boatt and three or four 

was fo great, that a fm?U number of troops barks funk. The bombardment hfled fome- 

might have taken polleffion of'tt*e place what more than eleven hours, with all the 

without refiftance. As it was, they demo- fuccefs that could poffibly be expe^ed^ a 

liihed Q»iince-fort, carried off eighty pri- great partofthe|riace being burm, and the 

font rs, ;*nd frighted moft of tlie people out of French retlucf d to the necefiity of blowing 

the town. vp feveral Imufes to prevent the deflruc- 

" The combined fleet of England !»nd tutH olthe whole.** 

Holland wasagt^in fcnt to vifit St. Malo in The laft expedition agaiafl St. Mafo 

the year 1695, It failed on the 23d of June ; ^^s in the year 1758, ■• before men- 

- and on. he 4th of July lord Berkeley, who ^^^^^ Youra,&c H.R. 

comwam'ed it, came before the place, and - - - ■ 

immtJiricly began to bombard Quince-fort mtklet^m§MrCiutntr9 

to tb. -Vettward, and a battery laifed Igr Mr. OrBAH, %^l!^rw7% ^' 

the F;"^ch on point D^fobour to the Eaft- . _, , _ , . r a- 1/^.1^"^ i- 

iS^^«wecn which is the channel or en- /pHK fttlsf*aton wh«lrl fbel .n en- 

^; :mUi the haibour. The firft lervice f- deavourmg (in the urcumflanccs 

was performed by colonel Richards, who •Iretdy menaooed, p. 8,) to be ufcful as 
MjJ tbr90 fnaliib, and two Duub bomb-, t Clerg)auyi, is much gtcaKr thaH any. 

wboietd (hem. — Under ihcCi ciicum- 
ftucci then hu beta written the woik 
of miBe iboTc-nentioned, ■* well, like- 
wife, >i fotne oiheri compo(cd by me. 
Of their merir I cannot Iptak, if indeed 

ii beew 

:□ do Td. 

no vty improper to Tolicil the :iniioui 
of ihe pubhck, by ihui reliiinf; ihoTe 
paniculiii which appear, perhaps oot 
ttnjuniy, to demand it. 

Iha»e jull been refcrringioiht Charge 
of Utiop Horflcy, in hit Ttie% in cod- 
tioterfy with Dr.Piieflley. 1 cinnit, 
DBW X hate my pen Id my hand, put la 

* In this age erery Ihine is reduced ID Ibe 
ftandard of weahl.. Jty ihLi we not only 
meafure ilie corfuleralion thai we pny lo 
iodiv^nab, but al(u th^ pofVer and f jcty uf 
em pica. 

" Shade of Lycwgus! is it ll.rn a lab!e 

ih« you 1= 

r Sp..< 

ritT, and ginty, ^y inftuu 
nifKitivii, p. J. 

i piolcribiiiE 

lludy for ihe dignified and undignified 
ctergy i and the latcir riiutiioo mull be 
tilled by ciery one before he be raifed to 
(he foimcr. 

Upon thit ruhjefi, Mr. Ifrbin, I iruft 
that you will allow me to take up a little 
mere room in your valuable repolit«iy, 
by inferring the fullowiDg quotation, 
which lelatLi to ihi) fubjiA, liom Dr. 
Kippii'i " Ob/tTVMitmi em iht Imu Cn- 
tt/ ihf Ryial £jjr/(f,".erpcci>lly a* 
many mav not haie fcen it, to whom it 
cinnot fail of being acccpiahle. 

" r cannot forbear," fays Hie Doflor, 
" toing lomeitiingDiilof my way, In plead 
the cause of the bene liced and liifeiinr clergy. 
Biogliam, who Jelerved Jo well cif ihe 
Church by hii ' Originei £cclefia<licz,' 
never rofe lo be highei' Ihin a Parilh frielt. 
Mr. Jickioa gave mod of liis jnibhcatidiis to 
tlie wotkl when he was only Reaor of 
Koltington, and never was advanced lo any 
ptefermenl that could be entitled a Dignity, 
The E"W Dr. Samuel Cbike produced hll 
his vahi.nble work: whiUl in ibe full exercife 
of parochial duties ■, nut ^ii^te «i^«\it«iroa 

|08 Dr. Lickorilh*8 Rimarts m a Cbar^g of Bjjbop Horfley. [Feb. 

a Dignitary of the Church of England, unlefs which I hare been makine, I wiih, with 
his having been a chaplain to Queen Abap is ihe Biihop's permiflion, to add, that be- 
underftood to con&r tlut appeUaiion. I j^een the pillages in the firft |>irc of 
mcmion not John Ha « of Eaton, and Jofcph ^is Charge upSi which I havibeen 
Mede ; for, though the proviiien that was ^«««^»,^^ jjj f * " ^ "" * "^ j 
made for them was very fmall, and inade- S? , .f^^^i "»? ^^""^ ^'^«" '"""^^^ 
quate to their m^rit, they had the advantages ^he latter end, there appears a grr|tiq- 
of a learned retirement. confiftency. At the 65th and the foU 
« Not to purfue infUnces of this kind, lowing page* he recommends a manly 
another thing deferves to be mentioned, *^"* ®' "?<*y «o " novitiates io our 
which is, that, with regard to thofe dignita- order^" which of courfe he not only 
lies of the chuixh who have been the moft wiflies bif texpe&s,— nay, which he knows 
illuftrious for their writings in the caufe of thofe among tl^e younger clergy, who 
religion and literature, they were not raifcd are poffeflTed of a fiogle (park of honour- 
to their high and opulent ftattons that they jible i^mbicion, will readily j^od cheerfully 
might have leifure for fuch produAions, but adopt { or at leaft a plan equivalent to it 
had their honours and emoluments conferred both in labour and utility.— This plan 
upon them for the fcrvic« ibey had d<me ^m fi^ ^^^^ f„ fomeihiog more than 
when they ^vcreonly Pf"ftvPn«fts. John „„,, „ ,^ difcharge the pl^in duty of 
Boys, one of the Tranilators of the Bihle, -...^k;a** « u^ .* 1 i i i. 
Sd riot obtain a Pretend of Ely from th^ u""^^^^ however ufeful, however 
hands of Pilhop AndSsws tiU he had gone »^^°o"»We, it moft certainly it, to dif- 
through all his labours. Cave had publilhed *^"^8« this office in a proper and al>le 
the greater number of his works before he manner.— At this peripd of Uie Chriftiijn 
was inftaUed a Canon of Windfor. CaftcU »"» when infpir^tioo no longer fubfins, 
had finiihed his « Lexicon Heptagloiton ' when attacks arc being fr<:qucnply made, 
when he became a Prebendary of Canter- oot only upon the difcipline, but even 
bury. Bilhop Bull, wbofe name has been vpon the do£lrines of our religion, fome- 
fo much celebrated in the theofogical con* thing more is neceflary for every clergy-^ 
troverfy in which Dr. Horiley hathuken a man, who would wiOi to pll his daiion 
diftinguilhed part, coropofod moft of his with credit to bimfelf, and with pibper 
learned produftions^ and, among the reft, his advantage to the church, than the mere 
Defence oftheNiccnc Faith, whilft he was djfchargc of the above duties.— Witfi- 
R^or of Suddington Sr, Mary, m Glou- ^ut ihat erudiiion which can defead the 

cefterlhire, ^ J™?f ^»" j^ZS^^^^ "^o' ^»»»"h againft its adverfaries, how low, 

duous difcharge of his paitoral tundtions. To 1.^.,, u..-rwi a : :n 

come to our own tim«, Joftin, the glory of '»*'«' *^**,"^»^»*' F"^^ «^«^y '»»°'"" ^PWr- 

the Church of England divines in the prefent "^ °°'y ^° .*>« PPf«n*P", ^but to the 

century, was not drawn out of obfcurity till ^^^9^^ ^orld. Without that fcicncc 

very Ue in life. All his valuable works, which will give him dignity as a fcholar. 

excepiiiig thofe which were printed after 6is ^he learned among the laity can hold 

deceafe, were pid>lilhed whoR he had at- him in no high eftimation. But the 

tained no higher a jMreferroent tlian the living clergy not Qoly po(Te(s th^t learning 

of St. Dunftan*s in the Eaft. Wai burton which alone can enable a roan to inur- 

was only Re6tor of Bprnt Broughton, in pret the ficred writings, and defend the 

criticifms on Horace, and his admirable Dia- "0«ionl 

logues. If I am not miftaken, the Ledures Another benefit too, and that of bv no 

on Hebrew Poetry, \yhich are beyond all tnf*" * fmall or trivial account, which 

praife, had appeared before the author of *r»f«5 fi^om a clergyman's poflefling an 

them, the prefent Diocefan of London, had extent of fcience and learning, is the 

become a Prebendary of Durham. With putting to ihame the idle and mercenaiy 

regard to Dr. Hprfley himfelf, he will not, herd of hirelings, who, without any 

1 fuppofc, deny that he was known in the education for the church, have found 

fcicntific world when he was only minifter means, through frUnds^ to obtain ordi- 

of Newington Butts Vf nation, and who thus dare to take upon 

To thefe obfervatioBS, and to thofe iherofelves the office of a prieft, merely 

# See Dr. Kippi&'s QhJtrvai'MU wtbt Uue * See the Bifhop*s Charge, in TraBt tn 
CtJtTtp, 4.C. p. 148. Cmtrwtr^ with Dr, Friefiley^ p. 4. 

• ♦ fq 

Uiniinant are perffflly confiftsni wiih ])ii iioworrn)r'(ii»t»«er i lo «> i iccei** t» 
higher obligaiM"">G'^><><lCtirift,Ualona rniill degree of pride' and (auiriSiaa 
^^cienf to repay ibe lakur of the auil«i, fro«n feciag ill clcrgjr dininguKIi thenw 
wbich alibril ihis comforuhle axivi&\on, Mwei by their leiroing, and tike-tbe 
and contribuEB lo its daily (mivih. Bui piv ]ejd in ihiagi peiiainine to rciciice ami 
THc CiiisliAion is out the end i>f our pur- literituK. U fiilbop Hodlcy particii- 
fujTs. TtienoUoreoditpubliccdificitiiMt" \u]j, among m my wiiin, didnotflaM 
■ 1 cinnot cnnclude ihii Utter without fj "fptfl upon liiii account, u well « 
repcuiag, («ad it dereryci here lo be le- upon thit of liis cxatied rituiiioB, the 
pcaicd.j thit upon the credit of the pri- whole feelings and alfcAioui of my hem 
Tite cUrgy Diud depend that of the bj- would fuffer anemir: ihaDgei—lfcooM 
fliopi, and of (Very higher order in the no longer be Hruck with thai whiehcoR- 
eliutch. A. the highir muft ncceirarily U" more true and ^cpuine gloty than 
be takcD froiu the luwcr ordert, if tbcfe all the crancfcer)! anU pcrilhing hoaoun 
are ()Uili&td only todirchiigc 'the plain md dilUndiont whici) thi) world caB 
duty of cattthint,' the oiheti, though bcftow. The Bifliop will pirdon m^ 
'--'•ngti — he ivill patdon my pride, if 
iinot avijid feeling hurl, whcB the 
lie or untii^nified clergy are unjuft- 
^flcAed U|ior.*. If lam but! upon 

" For obfci 


upon I 

bis fubjefl. if 

fpcAinrir fonii 

Iwhal -t 

Dw my opinions re- 
large, he may cnnfult 

'iui ; and my ^{fid 
ft 0/ l;l,ii„.- 

t See T-ma- 

., &C, p. 



* Wliat too (hen-i tiie injuftiCG of one 
port of the clerBf refleiliiij upon ao- 
oiher, »-hat add« to their leal dignity and 


I$uflrat}on offiveral Local Expreffions* 


their tccoontf T am equally hurt on ic- 
coont of the htgbtr orders m the churchy 
the bifhops and archbiihops ;->! am hurt 
upon account of the church itfdf. For 
upon their credit (the credit of the pri- 
vate clergy) muft depend not only the 
credit and rerpe£bbi1ity of the higher 
clergy of every denomination, (for all 
thefe muft arife from, and man brfl fill, 
the lower ilations in the Church ; ) but 
the credit and rt'gnity of the Church of 
Bngland itfelf mud be erery way inju* 
ycd by any thing that affie^s thefe its nu- 
merous and highly diOinguiflird mem- 
htiu Yours, lee. R. Lickorish. 

Mr. Urban, Jan* 13. 

TH£ following illuftratioBs of fome 
of the local eipreffions, p. 1083, 
may not, perhaps, be unacceptable; 
and the inftances, which I hare fubjoin- 
cd of their ufagc by our great poets 
of elder days, may ferye to eVince the 
utittry of fuch col legions in critical in- 
«|tiiries, if, indeed, the thing requires 
any proof. To the authenticity of your 
correfpondent's lift, as far as it relates 
to Somerfet, I can, and gladly do, bear 

Don and DoFP are well known to 
^ contra^^ed from d9 in and do cjf, 
From don is alfo formed the fubftanrive 
donnings. Dof occurs frequently in 
Shakefpeaie and Spenfer, and twice in 

<* I praife thy refoiotion : ^ thefe links.'' 

Sampf. Agun. 
** Nature in awe to htm 

Moiled, troubltd^ fmiigmd. Moft 
likely from asoi/r, or $nayiif the antient 
mode of writing ; and the prefent Weft 
country mode of pronouncing the name 
of that laborious animal, the mule. 

Nesh is ufed by Chaucer, I think» 
though I cannot now point out the par- 
ticular paiTage ; but I am certain, that 
I hare met with it in fome old author 
of note. 

Plough, for a waggon and horfes^ 
comes pfobably from pTnkJIrum, or ra- 
ther from the Italian, plaufiroi the 
diphthong an being founded by the Ita- 
lians lik'^the Englifli on, 

SciTTE, a rrward, Bp. Fleetwood 

mentions a French gold coin, named a 

/euttf of the value of 35. 4</. current in 

England in 1427. See Chronicon Pre- 


Tidy, nun, dtctnU Dol Tear-flieet 
calls Faldalf, « thou whorefon little 
tjdii Bartholomew Boar-pig." Hen. IV. 
p. ii, A£b a. 

Tine, to light. As, tin$ tbt eandli. 
7has Milton, 

^' as late the clouds 



'* Had diffi her gawdey trim.' 

' Ode on the Nativity, fin. 33. 

JfeMMlEs. Hinges, •Crofc, in his 
Provincial Gloflary, gives Jimmirs, and 
^ North-country word, in tbe fame 
Itnfe. In Somerfet, I believe, the mnre 
icommon pronunciation to be j:mmels, 
perhaps from the ¥ tench jumt He, a twin, 

To MOOCH, to pfity truant. Other- 
wife mubf or meecb. Somers. ** Shall 
the bleffcd fon of heaven prove a 
^cber^t and eat black. berries.*' Shake- 
fpeaic, Hen. IV. Part I. Aft a. Grofe 
bas •* mieben, thieves, pilferers, Norf.*» 

lionour, is, that many eminent prelates have 
riien to ttteir exalted fituaiions in Che church, 
who were Uefcended from th ife who occu- 
pied fuhordinate ranks and the lower (Nations 
mlife. This, it mud be adJei!, redounds 
cqinllv t ) the honour of the eieat and eveiy 
way ill.iilrious perfonage,to whom it belongs 
to appoint tn high places in the Church* 

^ A mjcbet is an idler. 


^ Juftling, or pulhed with wind$| rude la 
*i their Ihock, 

«f Tine the ilant lightning." - 

Paf.lo.BiX. 1.332. 

TlVE, to Jbtft. Verftegan gives, 
** bilimdf hedged about," in his Tift of 
old Engl Ox words ; and adds, ** We ule 
yet in fome parts of England to Uf 
tyning for hedging." Antiquities, ed. 
410. 1634. p. a 10. In Somerfet an in- 
clofed field is frequently called a tining, 
in oppofkion to a down or open com- 

TwiLY. Perhaps a corruption of 
/0f/^.— 'Certainly ; for toil is always pro- 
nounced bv the NVeftern rullics tnviie ; 
fpoil, fp'wiUy &c. 

TuTT-wORK. From the French 
fda/.-*This is, probably, the true ety- 
mology ; at leaft, it coincides with the 
notion which I have always entertained 
of its derivation; and it miiy be re- 
marked, that fuch of our old provincial 
words us are not Saxon come for the 
moft pqrt from the French, ^here are ^ 
very few among them, 1 believe, whicl| 
are mere barbarous inventions, devoid 
of any ftgnihcdtion ; as fome authors are 
fond of reprefenting them.- Many^ 
doubtl'jfs, arc lb corrupted, that it is 
diiScult, if not impolfible, to trace them 
to their genuine original ; but, to fay 
that fuch an original does not, or did 
Aot, exifti is not only 10 draw an undue 

>794*] ' '^ Henry Colet^s Monununi at Stepnejr, 


iwfwMicr, but alfo to make «■ alTer-* 
tio»ia icftif eziremelf improbable. 
Yours, kc K. 9« 

Mr. Uriav* ' SttpMif^ Sept. at. 

I SHOULD cftcem myfclf happy 
wtn the foUowiD)( okfcrvationt upon 
the mmramrat of Sir Wary Colet, ia 
Sccpaty^arch, iq add to the ioforma- 
tkm or.&tufaAioB of Mr. Malcolm, or 
mif 'of yoar readers. Nothing but hia 
ezttOM nodefly could have indaced 
hia to^ hcfiiace, or advance that at a 
c oa j a ft Te, which may be nearly pro* 
vad to a pofitite oeruiaty. That the 
moAomcoc iaqneiliott wat originally of 
port Gothic architeAorc, and that the 
Grecian or Roman order it of modera 
datci may be gathered from the iarrw- 
f€ tvUmu0i. Xhc monument appeart 
HI have eahihtced a fpecimen of finiihed 
and moft elegant worlcmanihip. The 
architrave wat decorated after the Go- 
thic ftyle^ With light oraameots, v^hich 
were cafily deflroyed by the band of 
Timc^ 6r the ftitl ruder hand of Man. 
Ia the year 1605 it might poflibly have 
been raiaftited in its original llyle, aa 
rciiannBg but flight reparation. It 

much to be lamented that the Mercert^ 
CompanT have not reftored the GotlUc 
ftyle, whether it may be imputed to % 
principle of caconomy or want of tale* 
This motley combinatidn certainly af«« 
fendt the eye of the Antiquary and 
profeffional man. Mr. M. is pleafedtai 
remark, "that the tomb hat been f^ 
freqv^ntly repaired, at the in(cripti<Nia 
inform ttt, that one can fcarcely coa« 
je6^ure why it has happened that it re« 
quired fo much attention." In the in-* 
terval of nearly a century, it might ha 
rcafonably expeded to reqaire repara« 
tiont in irt ornaments. • And it mult ba 
but a teilimony of common graticucle xm 
keep in repair and prefervatioa the mc« 
Dument of a man, to whofe defceadaoa 
the Mercert' Company, owe fo roaajf 
obligatioot. On the fide of the tam^ 
were infcribed the armorial beariogt oC 
the famifyy or fohie deTicet, wheru ai^ 
to be fcen the three blank fpaccfl. The 
brafs nails are ftill difcecaible. J» T« 

Mr. Urbav* Jm. 3a. 

YOUR valuable Mifcellany has jut 
prcfcated the pablick with tha 
ramble of a geatlcmaRf who feenif ta 
flioald Sam that,~in the year 1697, it have fome tafle, for Natural Uiflpry : 
aadcrwent tfaofe alterations and repaira his remarks were made in the South of 

which arc the fubje^l of Mr. M's con 
jedara, aad which betray the ignorance 
and htaglimg (kill of the workman who 
undertook them ; he had not only in- 
troduced the Tufcan order, but patched 
it to the Gtibic in a rude and unwork- 
manlike manner. There are marks 
flill to be fcen of thru columns, which 
fupported the rcjof of the rccefs, and 
which retted on the tombflone. Thefie 
appear to have been of light ftru£kure, 
and probably were broken and decayed. 
Should Mr. M. take the uouble to re- 
vifit the monument, he may clearly fee 

England ; and, with your permiHiao, t 
will comnumicate^ through the Tama 
channel, a ihort account of a^floiilac 
excuriion in' the North. 

Seing in Wtftnr.orland lad fummert 
I undertook a journey to Kent-finds, 
in fearch of natural curiofttiet, in the 
company of a friend whofe tade is con- 
genial CO my own. The fcenery of ihe 
country, and manners of its inhabi:2ints, 
have been dcfcribed by abler pens chaa 
mine) for which reafen it will be pro- 
per to confine the foiloivingobfervtytioiit 
to the foiBis, plants, and iinimAls, thac 

the fragments on infpe^iing the cycling came under our notice. 
of the recefs. Had he been forcunace We fet off from Kend>tl on thi! 6r{t 

enough to difcover this, he would have of Augud, nn foot { which modti of 

probably decided on the ditte of the travelling a judicious Nituralid will 

(lib which covers the tomb, that it was always prefer, bccaufc it affords iiim 

pUced in the year 1697, as there are no the bed opporcunicy of purfuiug his fa- 

veiiigei of its being a fuppnrt to the vouritc itudy. 

original Gothic columns. Btlides that, 
the form and mouldings of the ftone 
cfiablilh beyond doubt its modern dace. 
In the year 1733 were addled pediments 
to the Gothic columns wiiich fupport 
ibe cb'tMHiy-pliit^ and which ih« i^no- 
lance of tbc fomier workman in his re- 
pairs had o:nirct:d« Ac tlur p'jriod it 
»as frrfh painted, and received, x new 
capiu^ which had jt>cc^ brv);epi^ \\\t 

tvenddl F:;il is a hi!I which does not 
rife more than 160 yards above tiic. ri- 
ver Kent in the higheii part. The fu- 
pcri'^r Hrata, ro a gicac depth, cotifill 
of comp'.ct limellonc, h^mH; that Vari- 
ety called (ttnk (tone, as ic c»n«r» \ dil- 
ak'rc;:al>le Itntii when rubi^cd -ttCaiPift 1 
hard bjdy. Its colour is ^rev, its 
ff-icl'jre rough, and iis Tpccit'ic gmvity 
a. 723. It abouRvts witli pu:iitar.t;(»ns. 

ili kamlU if a NituratlJI in the North of England. [Feb*. 

principally of the bivalve kind, which The botany of the wood on the We(t 

are very frequently mutilated. This fide of the river is various; but I fliaK 

taft mafs of calcareous matter termi* only mention the melampyrum Jyhati* 

Bates an extenlive field of the fame, oc* cum, vihuruuni opulus, and a^MrUus 

cufying the valley to the South* In cbwitmrtitust out of the great profunon 

this part it reds oh an elevated ridge of of plants afforded by this luxuriant 

the grey variety of the Jbiftus fufeul, place. Fahrenheit's thermometer ftood 

which is the common ftone of the coun- m the (hade, a little after 3 P.M. at 

try to the North, and even takes place 67*^; and, ?t the fame time, we found 

immediately on the Eaft fide of the ri- the temperature of a very Ane fpring to 

ver^ where no I «meRone appears p^ral- be46.5<*. 

lel to the hill; but the natural rock is Bet\\ecrf4and 5 o'clock we entered 
iievcr feen in the low grounds excepting Leven*8 Park on the £aft (ide of Kent/ 
by thofe who fink deep welts ; for, it \^ the great ((uantity of wood in this de- 
buried beneath a thick covering of fa nd lightful p'eafure-ground has invited to 
^nd pebbles, that forms the bed of th£ its fliades a variety of fmall hire's^ 
JCent, and extends Up the declivities on amengft \Vhich ail the fpccies of Farui 
both fides of it to a height far exceed- were obferved, the Biarmicus excepted ; 
ing the limits of the prefent channel, and the Motaeil/a Regufus wzi aifo p)en- 
The Weft fide of the Fell is fleep, fre- tiful, thop^^h an uncommon bird in this 
^ueqtly perpendicular; and the great part of Wellmorland. The banks of 
quantity of limeflone rubbifh, col levied the river, as far as we had yet travrrfed 
ai the lK>ttom of the precipice is covered them, were frecfuented by (he pied fly* 
with underwood, and has been famous catcher, Murcicapa Atricapitla, a bird 
lince the time of Ray for a number of that is far from being uncommon in the 
vncommon plants. I can add to the lift hilly parts of the North, though hardljr 
already to be found in botanical works known in the fouth of £nglat)d. Jt leads 
an early and undefcribed variety of the its young, as foon as thCy are ffedged^ 
tyuofurus ciwruUns, differing in the foU to the fi(!cs of brooks and rivulets, 
lowing paiticulars from that noticed by where they find fhelter under the fpread- 
Mr. Lightfoot. It grows in the dry ing leaves of the ttiffiUgo pttaJStes; its 
chinks of the rocks, flowers in the be- food does not confifl altogether 6f in- 
ginning of April, and never exceeds fix ft€t$ i for, the giskzanlof one I difleft- 
or eight inches in height. The ttvite, ed contai/ied a number of minnte feeds 
a kind of linnet, builds its neft on the mixed with fmall flones. 
fumoiit, cither among loofe flones, or The following defcription was taken 
under the flinted junipers, which fpiead from a young cock bird 1 weight ij 
their branches over the maffy furface of dwts. length from the tip of the bill 10 
this barren foil, and heighten.the pic- the origin of the tail 3^ inches ; breadth 
ture of fterility by their ftatved appear* 8| inches ; upper part of the head glolTy- 
ance. The dottrel, ibaradriut mori' black; neck furrounded with a broad 
TtitiuSf alfo pays a fliort viiit to this un- white ring; the limits of the black and 
inviting fpot at the firft coming of the white very well defined ; bafe of the bill 
fwallow, in its paffage from the fea- flatted, but not fo confpicuoufly broad 
coafl to the interior mountains, where as in them. gri/c/a; exterior feathers of 
it rpends the fummer, and lingers a few the tail white tipped with brown ; inner 
days on its return to winter* quarters web of the quill leathers dirty white) 
about the end of September. coverts of the wings black with light 
At one o'clock in the afternoon, we brown edges : legs /ar/ir9»j, not bldck } 
dir^6led our courfe Southwards along under paitof the body of a dirty white, 
the banks of the Kent; and, after walk- feathers being black tipped with white, 
ing a little more than two miles, reach- The water ouzel, fiumus ciniklus, oc- 
«d ilaws-bridge, where the whole body curred frequently in the courfe of our 
of the current forces its way thiough a walk. All the fprings between Hawf. 
deep and narrow chafm in the limeitone bridge and this place cover the withered 
rock. Here the petrifactions are, ge- Tegeables in their rcfpedive channels 
nerally fpeaking, imtroebius; in which with a calcareous erufl; the water of 
circumftance thefe itrata differ fn^m thefe fountains is undoubtedly impreg- 
tholc we had examined before. Near nated with lime, fulpended in it by an 
the bridge we found a complete but excefs e^ Carbonic acid ; this gafs cfca« 
fmall fpccimen of belmintbolitbus barm* ping, when it comes into contact with the 
ii%$ft, imbedded in a firagment of float. txterMi'iurf Jtttes the eanby matter to 


_^fi-tfei^ff^,^f . ^I'/f/i .'7^rfffAt/fi/^/7ff^ , 7/€fti,^^H7 

fabMt, nd. fam tb« iacniftition in hitherts laStd «11 t)u Innnincioai of 

^mUmi wbicb toclofti fiicki, dead tnticjuiiin. I ftonld bi*e Men my 

■oA Hd ftrawi cMfendBg tbcn i»ft gtad, bjr uj ffnnaen bcfidei ibi n- 

BrfMi nIgariTi h» inpropcrl|, eiDed rerior figure, lodiudn of fvcb u ip- 

BWiUliMii |lir,ilMfuMlnccb>ic*I- pnpriUMa h your niriil bH mbmi-. 

lodad M li ■ GkbMbM ttfiiu. Watw *ad. » luvi soKfiraMd Ui ^niom 

Am dined tvta Dm fau * brifter aMicawct bat fiich tf< boc w b« 

bj t^nAir* ta'ifc* tlttaAbcK h itai 
riWy nra fntfiUf is puuiM for m> 
liauy p^mAt^ Wbkfc Imcm lo Inti* 

it* «SiiA* I foTf (bb AokIi nwl sn*<l art, 
■t l«ifi, w MiitoW K hu* ■■ ia Bhy 
part of tb* UaModl,' lor rfo wi acr- 

c*irc ibe fnalldl IVinptoni of tbo& 
BBbfinlj tumonra of tbe tbnat wbicb 
pnvail IB (b« Alpa ax4 etfaar mo«n- 
laiBOMi diftrifti. 

Bafbic ^uluias lb* farii, wccanaw 
bigb'tmnr-marKi far* ib« ti 
tbiit hr latoiht il 
fpriB|-8oedi, ibe diftaace fro 
btiB{ BOt l«h ibu n*«n]i tiU 
ftqaiatly ThU part of iw rl« 
moiB tfiam ^i^tcaa <M twta 
abofa tow-mm*marfc; wMcfa 
fcaita alcaat wbca cdttfirtd 
we bad baca examiaiof j lor, 

falU BMtly ifiy yeni, by i ^m* WDiiaenntnugrntanittfirraa 

flraaatandcalcul*), iaihc Tpaccofltfi the «her, I ftad jron altb Isclofcd a 
tbufitrtnilei between ScodalaadLe- drawiME (A /f.^. i.} wMdtwill bec- 
vcat. Tbc water; iababiiaat* of tbii ttr iUullnte the bnldlag. Tlii ftyle of 
limpid earrcnt otaj be (but cnumeraicd t afebiteflttre (a» Biy be TetB by campa> 
ihefnih-iaratcr mafeU.Mjtilui CjgMiu i ring them together) ii comfpondeat (ia 
the cnv'&Ot, Cmnttrjytmt^t ibc fam- rcgerd tothc lowttY) to lUf atTcign- 
let, Umi the trout, S. Fariti iht tnoutb. Thit, faowcTcr, illBi&opi- 
fetmon. S. Stkri the eel, jIitmo A- Wgoion it cBriGhcd by m ttoo^wH tt 
gaiUai tb« bull-btjd, OR" Giiin ine <micn>^ end of,fhe ehwdi^ arhick; 
tbc pink, Cf^wj ««■;*•! j'lhelogch, in iTewtBiaiBe the mtistift* gf tbe ana, 
tMUifTania. Abo^it hi«h-w«er-niBt)t aemonltartetSie truth of tbe bypotbefit 
are ionnA ibe flouader, PiiunxtHef f bkh 1 had fetaicd of thi Mbtt. At a 
FUgusi end fioelt, Saimt Otrlttiu. firftglan«elhe»BlrKio*ry wUlprowDtice, 
The oitir (Diy be iddcd, wUhtout oiudf ft"") th* ""■ ^ tbe ncb, thh edifice 
impropriety, to |be Mialojue, tbesom. W bare beta eceaed by tbe Saaont or 
IBOD eRcmy of the finny tribe. ' Notmeftt. Tbe 9yU qf uabh^oce to 

(Tt it nadmdedm mfuturi nmaAv.) "'« ^y bmh aewnt ihey bad botrowttf 
_.._., , from (he RomiDt their predccaflbn j t!.a 

Six, Oxttft Htu/t, Die, 19, touod archwat commoDiotlMniil.end - 

IN your W«KRiae ol Ull moaib, I » " on'r,. by the progreffln raiicb- 
perceire ihet I am ealUd 00 by a ni<n» ">™ <» >^ """i oa 'he eoluoina 
corrifpondeoi to »ntwer nueriei that he »'»* fuppoit it, th»i lay coDjeOore of 
hath put iclaiive loiii=roond iDwtr it '*i« '"" eirtainiy cm be tftibliOtedi 
Teigomouth, and whkh be coDceivei, >«"" p.tiuuUr dita are acknowltifed, 
from it* form, might h»»e beta one of " «"" ""'»'« "« wmiu.ntn to otaw 
thole cuiious builuiiig. to be met with *^"«:'> te»fon»bt« inferencta a* iray not ba 
ie ScoiliDdand lielind, whofe ufe hlt^ '" «id» of the innhj and, if 1 aoply 
OiHT. Minf. Fein,Mr^, 1794. »«»■ 


SI4 Rmarh m Ai SiKnp; Normaai M^Gcfthiei AnhHeBwru [Fcb« 

them to thti doorway in tlui church dt are diftinguiihiiig chtraAeis of the tb* 

Siihopflc'iKoton* I fluU ingeimoiifly owa folutc Gothic : the arch, howover, ia tbeio 

chat 1 may be under the neceflity of a- windowt it very aciiie» and (he mullions 

bating foioewhac of the antiquity ia the have a tendency to a ramt6ed difpo6tionf 

date of its erdStiony which, by my fore- circumfttncei, which fecoi to warrant the 

going cxpreiliont, I might £eem to have foppofiiion of their bciag a later aredioa 

ao doubt of. For, if hnplicity was the tkaa the doorwaf i and Iba ve little doubt 

cha<a6%eri(lic of die Saxoa fty1e» if itir but that they have beca added Ipngfince 

arches were in general fupported by folid the time of Heaiy the Ftrft, wbeo this 

^afiy colomoti if on tnofe archa (he Vlendiag of the Norman with the Gothic- 

oraaments (if any) were confxiie^ to fo* begsa i befides, it ia evident that th^ 

$age, lozenee-workt jmd chevnwsi in towcrt are not Gothic i and» as the door- 

2iort« if platoaeft fad folidity conilitute way is .jproMcdiy Saxon or Norman, it 

the predominant fiu^res* t*hcn is not the may, wtthoot much diffioalev, be allowed 

arch at BifliopfteigatOB Saxoa. tp be oooiyal with them % and that, there* 

There is a degree of elegance, cfpe- fere,.tbe wiodjowt am a fuperftruAure of 

cially in the fupportiag i^lars, wUeh is a pofterior age. Fkom the confeouence 

aoc coniiftent with the infancy of the of the |>lace, as well at.fitom thciweet* 

arts in thofe ruder jtimes s die Kormua nefs of its fi^aatipn^^ Ij^tng aear the river 

artift improved upoa the works of hit Tagn, we find thtt la wit Iburteeenth 

ipredeceflbrs, fpecim«is*of which be bad century it wuia refideace of the Biihopf 

•every where before his eyes. The fpirit of Exeter i hence its name. At that time 

of emulatioa hath ia every ago paffcflied there was a fsmous- fanfihiary bere» 

the mind of .maai it ftimulates him to which, fays ah old writeri aone durft 

the aitunmeat of fnperior excellence i viplatCf. though it protedied many wide ed 

and k is to this energetic .iafluence that people* as others of that nature did 

in tvery fucceffive period thefe hath been through comipdon; and, upon that ac* 

a ptpportionatc adv^acemepiit to perfe^ count, John de Grandilba, a aoUe Bur- 

«oa. Thus the Nonnans improved up- guhdian*. and Bifliop of 'this diocefe ia 

^n the fimplidty of, the Saxon decova- tteret|^of Edward the Tbkd, built a 

tion» though ftui.xttaiaiqg. the peculiar Cae honfe heie, that his fuccefibn (foe 

su'ouldings^ the niin^. and?tha carvings lb. are the words of his will) might have 

<j folisjgB, thev gave .addiooaal bea«^. a ^sca to lay theur beads, it at any time 

ties. Aeir pillara were ao'loager of a their tesniponlides fhoiifd be feized into 

midiry dumfinels, they wev^ ao longer the klng^ jbandt t but bis benevolent 

plain and unoraaiqiBaiedi ihej role 6t a ^tfigas wete all fruftrated i Smt, his fuc- 

inore (lender ferm^ wiot oveiUMread with ceflon have loft aot oqly thisl»ottrc, but 

elegant rericuladOna, Of- had jgrooves the major, part cl the reveqnes which 

chiuelled oa them, fluted, and u.fpiral ta the dne of Oraadifoo belonged to 

win4iag>* BacW with a profofioa of die biftoprick. Theimputitionof this 

iartiaments oa their capiutt, aad avail wafte reus cbieftv upoa Voy fey, who 

variety of foliage and wavy uadnladbns poftfled die f^ about the latter end of 

•nthecomiceof the arch».aretobe(eea the i6tb century, and who alienated 

on the weftern doiprwav of tbe church at fbimeea manors out'of twenty-two ; for, 

Bilhopfteignton.s oftwnich par^ it is to ia thofe dayt| fpiritual lords could as 

be oblenred, the artift waa more pani* freely fell aad diipofe of their umporal 

^cularly lavifli.of. his decbratMBS. ' jpropcrty u fecular lords^ ai^. the cir- 

Ere I have done jvith theCs remarks, 1 tumflaace of Babington, jie fucccflbr of 

sbuft not omit noticing, that the windows Voyieyi pafling away die manor of Cre- 

JD .the church, over this doorway:,^ are idtcoa about tbe year i <$5, poflibly gave 

Gothic, which (without we fuppoie thai occafion for .the enaftioa of a ilktute 

tbefe were fupcraddcd at a later period) which prohibits ecclefiaftics from aliena- 

will neceifarily ftill faither detra£l Item tmfr the revenues of the church. 

*its actiouity. ^ These are a few remains of this pa]ace. 

The Gothic ftyle was Introduced about which are fSren in the back<^gfound ef the 

,l(hc latter end ef the i uh, aad the beein- lketi;b b^ond the church, cOnfiftiog of a 

lungofthe izih, cectury, and wasatnrft wall, with a window or two all over- 

ttjended with the Norman in the fame grown with ivy. Tours, &c. J. S. 

huildini; ; a ftrange heterogeneous mix* — — ■ ■■■ 

tu)^ I But then the arch was not of tbe Mr. U&ban, Jam, 3. 

acutt point which it afccrwards aOumed, TN the village of Tiflington, in Ox\ 

Bor did it poflefs any rami6ca«om which 1 county oJF Dcib/i a place remarkable 

V ' for 

-■■■ Be wilt Gad Ike •mhor in laaDj place* 

Kr.Vtif»t>, y**. 4, -^—— abcne the painted Oiipn, " 

BAYLE, in hit DiAionatr, mention* That Battiag move o'er this Eenenrial fc«n« 

■ inonomeitlil in(ctip[ion in the ■ Look up ; beyond the addnuniine gstci 

charch of Holme Pienepont, NoniDg. Ofd«alhexpitliie, aihii biith-riglucUiiii 

hemlbirc, to the memory of Oldhain laberiiuicetDall theworfciofOoJ, tic. 

Ihepoet. I net >i Holme lift fjitimeri Ibid; Bonk II, 

mod (aw the rcmaini of ihit infctipiicu A) the tt/mMimt of Mr. Wiilker, 

OB a tablet broken into rerenl piecet, thnt "ihe immortility of the Toul je 

and moft probably it will never be re- ftarcely once hinted throughout ibe 

paired. Ma;' not ihii he worth noticing whole Poem," wa> fanSioncd by Dr. 

in theGeiiltnan'iMagaiine, >i, I few Jahnfon ■■ ■ iwn ffff iffi"* \ t 

Cart bcDce, it it poUibli, cTen the would requelt iholc, who here been pre* 

okea parcel) thatire left may be de- judiced by It agalnll Aktnflde, to read 

ftioyed orleft? Youn, Sec. B. T. Addiron'i paper> (in the SpcQator}, or 

^ ' '■■ — the Plesfurei of Imagination. If that 

Mr. Uksah, ?«>. 6. Mcelleni man.who neeer miS'eda pro* 

iK your vatuiblc Magazine for No- pet oppariuDiiyoF giving glory to GoJ, 

vember 17S1, isa letter wiib tbefig- hai not expatiiied tnnre largely (in 

mreofK. Z. in whirt<,amo»gft other treating th« rimefubjefi) on thofe te- 

(flJElFf of -uiii^uii^i ii the foilowiBg frtt witkh A|ic(ifidG u ■j^^cufcA «\ Y^l- 


Hig em* I tnii di« acfoiKil of A* tMcownBdafmeompiayimvitwoffiich 

laturwiU btiiMuiimoBiaadlMNUwntblt. tMwMtoatmitlittadMmeKof ltci8ii»aB4 

With ra«M 10 tht maitai of ^ 4r ^* pcopar MuoKkMiiB thdr pfpfeffiod^ 

Mtdv ■i/4ri/( hmmp'? mach niiht W Ip^antpc of beios re^ioifBttl fimeoDs t 

$ie upon the di|ji^of ttfeiradoo dilf to ^ w hittii chtir triiiog uir» apd IbSooarf 

HIa ajffofeM Rm^^ ftbatiai^ withtbai^of allocberoffir 

Bot o&a word trpqU oa to the yiifp o ft oKtfuAMlljraifaMii^ dmft te a coUt 

ui tiK wdaofc catit. Lookrag to iho iftM BMnMwatieo A a ano^of faiitei 

oi^ft of joDT plaaCmt adt iiCAl Mir* «Mr knoarla^i^ too, iophyfie will bet- 

foUMjr^ I f tem^ AB to tuiak oat iha ttr quaKfy than to oblme Wbatfaar the 

cqoioraucadoo qif aBecdbiaH that dp iimo art Ofoparl/ atteadcd aad famfllad 

hoimr CO dio dead or the litiof. ia Mthtiacebma. ¥. A, 

^nora iatialafti^ to yoorftlf aod font ' m 

reidcn thao the itflNaahnuieat of thair ' Mr. Vm«*» Jm^. is. 

lultoga. Thf fcraar tea the qihid, A% mmf Contr ffiftoriei coine 

eadciekittbladt a tw o ' t h»hmar**m* -^^^^X^ kljMtoen» in whit^ 

hiace the harmooy* of mor oa t ii f po o * foa mqieadj paint oft Wfirofanietity't 

deafi, aadfillaf|^iBii||Uluerafttee(aBd I hagfeate ft Mo a i a i i d'io jrdor attgn« 

ibmatifiitt oa^iWr)' cokroi^v; ihdt mo «rhat appaan to lok a" f:ilttabie im- 

fMca.thatwootd h^ auNre woctUf al* PfM«MM;»iaf<Hneorthepananbriicf 

Iflttad CO Battr ^oaiimtelciidotti. New Hillory of CumberTaitd. 

Uad^ thl« ittifiefliMi I hafo OMide Uadcr A>«fl^r u^lplloaFiog ex- 

this (nj laft) rfoiee of lHOAOATOR't tnd froim the lagifter i / 
lenariM aa toft at poUhle t aod b«t ^ Stace 1754, ibm have heao 45I; nar, 

jrmir i^ertioii of ic, opoo thepfomile limi 1^ ii(raoea xj3i mao who wtott 

of acit tioohliflg'Joo aguOf tMr own n a anti 363 { innm, 185.'^ 

. Yowa , Iec» « « Uader IfrAfaa^ U die foUovi^ t 

' ■■ ' .. ■ ** fUorw i754f ita naniaiM ec ] 

the Orcat, to whom I odrtcaddcitit (hapal iio4ar KirUvid) fia^ 1758, lylm 

the followingi I'miieft <he1b¥dur rf the chapal |ra cooftciiiod, 40 m^rri^oi 

j^ 90 give it a pnce ii| jroer ofi^l laan wrote tbidriywn aunaii 361 ifQmen» 

nibtiqidefi, m wlfkh it nuw eooia to i^Sv/in?" 1754. marrjad at Khtland bt 

Se fcnowladga of thofii io wboTe power ^^^f^i^if^ipffl^ 

it may be to pfOflaoai'.tha pnpoM alto* ' Wht this niode adbpUd in every pa* 

fation. lift ia cverjr Cooaty Hiftory (which, f 

hk a tteittili lafealf ptthliftad on thi ptcfooie, might eawy fco done when any 

dudes of RegiaMiiial8orgcooi»AdipMi* exttaat an made}» (bme cooclil6oiia 

ilraifirfi it caotilMMd tf^tf all beftoiwnig or might be drawa of the ndpedive ^»W# 

them commfflMe at milhacy odkert.-;* and Hurmiwr^ of di Awtof parts of the 

I am perfoadcdf fr^m leafoo aod obfcr- kingdooi. To fee thh. plaa of the Rev. 

vauoay chK it it wroM heqpafe their 1^; Richardfoa (wbofe denatupe theie 

edtietdon is moco esteaove diaa falls p» |wo f xtr)|At hear) gM|erdly purfoed 

the ftaie of other odiieert | they hereby woald be a gfatificadeo to maoy, befidet 

acquire a liberalicy of tmdment d^t diiv Youis, , %r4T|ST)CAL, 

doguidi them* Thair kaowledge ojf ■ » ,. ~>^m ^ 

laaMHRt cnablct diem to be eequMoted Mr* U|ip a1I» 7m« i|. 

wtm all die fti^atagtma of war»' both in TS aofwer to yoor correfpoqdent H. 

andenc aod modcro hiftory* I eonld ^ |^ 8411 who eaqoires aRer the ety* 

mentjoo feverU ioftancea of foiga6o^ moliigy ofthe word ^^ro^t as a liqoor. 

advaocnl to mfidcirablc rank ia the it I g em s eaqpamely probable that we muft . 

army* but (hall at)inAnt oolv meatioo have recoorfe to the qai^NTAl. lam« 

General John Crauf^, who dift&i'- pVi^O|it for in derivation, 

gtttihed himfelf at Rellifte \n a late war, Firft» theoi ^ motheNlanf^uage, the 

both by hisjbdgttnent as an oflicerf and HsaasWy^miihee us withJ^ScS^ A*«- 

Cocheondodf to thai ahabitants as gained rmUH ^tJftSf Jams ^irUms. The (km 

him perfooally the ihaakt of disi hlBg tf word, with the fame metBingt flows, 

Vraace. Rvery immeat ean q£ly (ptie widialitrieidiom<ti«alvariation,throogti 

«hr ^grf of a Aibaltem offceri and I the diree daughter-laaguagel, the 

repnmd [o have once mad* apaitnf rccummind lo ihe panicuiar aoiicc of 

Wcfliiin ahbcv,iDd lo tiiit been re- tjttj aniiquaryj U a plite of bnfi, 

tooy<i ibeDce, bf Sir GcorgcThrock- infcribedio ihenictiiory ul 4iiDcE'i»a- 

•Bottoc, ai ihe dilTuluiion. The beth Tbrockmortoa, the Utt ■Qbcft of 

dnwio^l lend will make a pankulu Dcnyt ; (Qijecc, wherei) and jaM M 

(lercripiioD < nnec'lTrir; : but, i<i inch ai Sir George Throckaoitoti, who di<4 

nrilb Jor firiher inlorniaiioa coi.ccming 1547. 
ihii curiout old edifice, ihe hillor]> of 1 have thrown the ■buve eireuni- 

fUclhain abbey and borough, DOW pub- ftancei, /r^ and rffa- rathar prooiifcn- 

IQiiDg, will be no uoweUt'inc inlliuc- oulljr together, that fotne one of joiir 

lor. Wiih refpcft to iti remoTal from deeper antiquarian readeii maif deude 

^■eAam, there are inan^ plaufilile ar- fn>iii ihcw, ani^ tiocn \^c ^tT>«\A »)• 

gagitnu to be sdduccjl oa bii(h fidfi •£ pcuAaGC q! ittt &.i\i&n^%« '4)\a>^i ^ 


1 19 Ldur firm ibiCmpU <PArtoit /d Marjhal Brogbok, [Feb^ 

MK there appeart to be any troth in the '** Should I happen not to preenre the 

reported Its remoral. It is a flight, and aiTiftaocc which I folicit with more ar* 

BvokibIyaccideDtal»additiootothispro- .donr than ever, and Ihoold I then find 

lability, that it is built of cxaAl^ the myi^lf deftitute of all meant for enabling 

fime kind of ftone with die remaining . me to repair whither ibever the fenriee <» 

mi0BAents of Kfefliam abbey. W« T. the king may require, I will fti!l> ha?e 

n a pioclous ruovroe in the hearts of the ' 

nifillapri9g laur k'tmifs /mimmit French gentry s with fncfa atupport the 

J^ tMitfi gimifMft fi ^Siptiftd, fi le- road to honour will always be - opea to 

pBwrMkiotmium mtawftttbmmiHm* me. Lofe not a moment, my tor 

fin it mnth ficwlhr /(AfmOin. B Marflul, to apply this trifling aid i I 

moms mUlrifikt$MmiMpr^H§f tmd fiiall be too richly rewarded* if it isais 

0U9mfwmd f$Mi muUUt mmtt vsUt relicre a prt of thofe excellent French* * 

mUeaimmmdf mMebbh K^fMlJpgb^ men to whom my whole cxiftcnce is de- 

prfihrndnetivid mt prifiuisfnm tb$ voud. RactiTC, my dear Marflul* the 

aWifi qf K4la. the eeMr mfi t$ aflurance of all my ftntiments of ebn* 

}tbiBif^inrgiob€Sfflk4^fmimf^. fidence and fricndfliip. CflA.PRiLiP. 
faarfrm tbe Inter. «< Pj» $. My Tons hid a fword, which 

'* My Dear Martial^ was a prelent from my unfortunate 

^Y heart is fo deepl]|r affefied bv brother % thev fend it to you, to be dif-. 

> the dreadful condition to which poftd of for too iame purpoft ; t&ey re*> 

my worthy companions in fidelity and queft, that in return vou will give them 

misfoftune are reduced* and I expert- oneofyours» to lead them with more 

cttce firch delay in obtaining the aids certtintytotbepaha of honour which 

which the Regent has not ceafed one you have (6 faithfolly a^ fo glorioufly 

moment to foftcit, that I do not befitate porfued,"^ 

to put into your hands the taft refource ne fM&wmg is tbe pars ^tbe Mrn^ 
which I bold from the generofity of the Jbmtsemfwer tbst remes t§ tbejmsard. 
Bmprefs of Ruffa. I need not point — .—i— «< Such are the wiflies which 
0ttt to you the ufe which you are to the emigrants of this diftri^ and ccr« 
make of the money arifinc from the uinly of all the otherdiftri&s* form for 
£de of the medals and the diamond t I your Royal Highnefsy and for the 
^ave that entirelv to your own wifdom | Princes your fons* who Ibew themfelf es 
but you know, that, in the prefnnt ar- worthy of you, my lord, by the i^rifice 
duoos circumftances* the moft unfor- which they make of a fwofdv to which 
tanate and the moft dcflitute obje£b the band that gaire it impartod an inex- 
ate the deareft to my heart. I have aU pnffible value. They do me too much 
fcady mentioned to you* my dear Mar- honour in wifliing to receiire oi^e fron| 
ihal, my own pcrfonal embarraflnients* ' me x but I obey your orders, and coo)- 
which are great in tbe extreme { but 1 mi^on the prince de Revel to prefenc 
will never reekon myfelf for any'tbing, them with mine, it can poflefs no other 
when there it a queftion of latisfying valae than that which it derives frpm 
the moft prcifing wants of my heart \ X the cry of Five le R§i engraved upon the 
ln?e therefore given MonC D'U vergne blade, and which is mpre deeply en* 
joo Louis d'Ors, to be delivered to you* grared upon my.heart." 
to anfwer the moft prelfing calls, fo — ■ ^ ■ 
that you may have time to make the moft Mr. UKBair» yax, i^ 
of the medals and the diamond. TJ AVING of late been very highly 
" I am certain that I do honour to XX smufed by the perufal of a MS 
tbe gifts of the Emprefs* by converting Tolome of Mifcellanies in Profe an4 
them to fo facred a ufe $ at the fame Verfe, written in the laft century by a 
time* I would have it known, my dear Royalift of eminence, who was fome 
Marfiial, to be my intention* that this years impriibned at Exeter ; I am ex- 
flender relief flionid oafs for nothing ; tremely deftrous of learning (if poffiUe) 
that it is not to be laKcn in part of pay- tbe Author's name and hiftory i in queft 
ment of what may be due and payable of which I have fearched feveral cou- 
nt Duffeldorf, nor In any degree inter- umporary hiftories,but hitherto in vain, 
fere with the juft demand which you His initials are iF. S,i and the vo? 
made at the time %vhen we hoped that lume is introduced by an admirable ad- 
Mr /osn Ja HoJldttd would hare f«c« monitory letter* addrefled* •* To my 
cf^^ ftoABft Gt %9 oc inv of my ^lildren. 

h»« laaaes and opoiCuci^ye. 

" To dedicate that Jay 1 am ilifdiargj a! 
a day of Ihaokf^ving all my liFe to GoJ fur 
hajoeicya; which I mull obfemc cnce a 

"To fall the firft WedBfHoy euCTV 
■odUi, and (or Goil'i aflifladce— uniill fare 
bath beard race." 

Then follow federal regtiTations for 
kit conduct on hft-diys j and a large 
CDttcfiioii of ttxit of Scripiiuc, " war- 
ran ting and enjoining refpe^t anil obe- 
dience to the (iCitA pfrroD and com- 
tnandi of King) ;" and of olhett, 
" fheiving ihe hngulai fanility of the 
Cbuich more than other Iiuurei," 

That he had at one iime very feriovti 
appiehenfion' of being executed appeais 
by the /ollovnin!; pllajjes : 

" A* I iM ite Lieutenant (Sf the Tower 
vheni was til be !(ycJ, States defire hut Lo 
kecfe ilownc wl;ume Ihi'y Conltiane for 
iheir iinwtotihin", but to ewtofivhnm (licy 
ai'prehenil for tlisir msEnjOiitiityc, and tn- 
vj'e (or their Cmfljneyt. 

■' Whsl I am rtf.ilved lo fay to the 
Judges at my enii sn;e intn my ;i >ail. 

•* la iriiUi p{ l:fe nul JtjSL Jetc jui^ci, 

ihli rpinied letter wai addieQ'ed : 
" Mr Lord, 
" Had you byn as kind to mee as your 
freioilly leneri aii<J ptoteil^itinlis nf freindlbip 
t»h«a petfonally we coafer'd bfl gave idm 
((refiimption to expert, I bad then cflcer^ed 
you prxCious to mec ; but if I bive ilifco- 
uer'd all but fiacterye, and your pretences of 
loiie 10 bee a doakc to )'0Ur del:2ne nf dc> 
priving tnee u( whM (l..our,h t am n>.t fc^ 
imptou) ti> with it) HiOviikuLC may |xjilinly 
cjtt vpm mre, iLeiWy to beUer jour fdfa 
and polterilyci My Lurde, I (hinlu it linia 
10 tell you (ihuugh in prifun), 1 a-n n^l, nor 
tsaiioi bee, infenfiWe of your un-'irtcl deal- 
ings ; atid thfl I ihatl not bee rpariiig. w'lcn 
Gal Oiai: gii c mee libenle, to acqii.iini yon 

r^lfe wiihin tne bounds of vefp^fl to" that 
ptrfun whom you can w th noe lelfe honoiir 
lo your felfp;, CMnfiU.rinE whole wife fhee 
if, call daughter, then I due lider. My 
Lofd, It is fultcitut 1 have found you ui> 
faithlull to mcc, aiiJ that I accuidui;! - 
a viiliu l<ir )i»i : lire frcir.dlhip I U^V'i Irft 
for 1 ou !i otily this, ilisi yon m>y by t'r 'ui- 
dence be endued with as irocliL- ucti e a^ 


f2b Sit yn^ Jonet^i CWtfAr 9fjMtoa.r^C$9lrmrfi€l^. [Fek 

The' more I perafe thii cmottt MS« laaguafe •• Mr. BofitclKti wbea vM 

^ nM>r*» Mf. UrteB. U «f oiriofiif t« a Icfaale, muft be thMght bighljf 

esdted to kpem the emhor, Meey ^ indelicate. aid dilgoftiog*. ffit eiteaipce 

the leaves are filled with moral (cflMCAcee at witticifm are Mre too improperl]r 

ikicfied from rarioiis writcrt» wKb « Applied to fafer its to fmite at thea^ a» 

%m«t evideatly to comfort the tranfcri- we might do on other occafiont* if 

her in hti afiidioni. this gentleflUB eonfidert Mi(e Seward's 

We know tt«iC when hli ImpcUbameBt pmrumptton in eiimating the cheni£br 

^cafcd I hut he eppenrt to have after* of Dr. johnlba fo heimwt at to defervtf 

wards taken an a&m part in eflfefilag feviptunl repreoft hit cmifcieBee moft 

tlie Refterstton » the moft cSopfideiable be a little wounded when he refledU ov 

of the Proid Rilayt being *< A Di^ourle the deeifiveneft with which he himfelf 

of Ducllingt according toilie nnjailifi* has appreciated thechara£lerof BAilton. 

able Cuflome of this Agc| by a trim 4» the moA deMUre parts of the latter, 

Loacr of Huanoar i*' with n remark there is generally Ibmething thnt onm- 

that •*' it it a fbwle coppye, not to bM mends otfrndrnvninn and refpeft } hii 

approved * Thit wes writttn afcer hit whole eond«A^ - however erroneous in 

relesfes for* aboot the middle of it, Ibme ioAancety appenrt to h«ve becit 

he writes, guided by an adherence to cermtn fiaed 

«< Heie t em i nt tr ni pr e d by the general principles, which he emhmced with thn 

tibirs, wherein it is now my torn to aA my aeoft lerious eonvidion of their truth § 

pertt ivherefDre^ 1 Oiall only iiame the an- while the bea and moft ftrikingouaii- 

ttxMa I am to 80 tlirmigh» and tranfcnbe a ,j^ ^ ^^it latter are fieqnencly debafecl 

|iart of the paper witti^which I am to coo- ^^^ . miatnie of unmanly irrefelutioft 

^*^*0l^?5^?P^S2^*'.^i^s,^ andinconfiaency. Yours, M—s. ■ 

lefttiUGoUfhfismeleiliireanaopportanity ' ^ » 

SL5^ •^!1±^-^'* ^^ "^ ^"^^ '^* Mr. Ueian, M. ij- 

*^*r-lSJr^ hMB written «at T HASTILY pemftd Mr. BolweH'e 

j^^ ^^ Ion this morning I and was, I afiiire 

ai^ who continues, I hope, to impme and Uie filth form would bluih at making n 

2om it, Samuii. Jonitsoii, reroarkea in flmilar miaake. 
my hearing, that, if Newton had llonriflMd Give me leave to ftate the paUege to 

In sitient Greece^ he wonld bete been wofs which I allude : 

Ihiped as a divinity. H««^ "J^^JX .»»*» ' <<?, 145, afcer L^iind Speahingof Ho^ 

would tie be adcHred m Hwdoita^ ifhis m- nier, whom he venerated » the prineo of 

comparable writeigscoidd bermdandwim. ^^^^ Johnibn rsmaili^, that the advice 

prcliended by the P«idr#i ol CSimraeir or gwen to Diomad by his luher, when lia fan 

1** »/r A ^'^ ^ ^^ Tndan war, was the nobtaft ex? 

Yours, &ۥ M. y* hoitacionthjt could be inftaoced in any hea- 

" '* then writer, and compriaed in a fingle liioei 

Mr. tJ&BAN, Fr^» tr« m»nfirieio,eaiivsrtiMg(3Mi/tfftf»a»«XXir», 

IT it to be lamented, that vour valu* which, if I reooUea weU, is tranflated by 

able Milceliany, fo well calculated pr. Clarke thus i Jmfcr ^fttert pr^antiflr 

for the exercife of luerary taleati, ihould mm, a mrnOm sbh mMtectlUrtJ* 

ever become the vehicle of private re- j j^- pardoa, both of you and your 

fentment or Ul-nnture, The n»nner f^itt9, for troubling you with animad. 

in which an ingenious and amiable ladv ^^^fions upon this ridiculout foecimen 

IS treated in your publicaiioo of Jail ^ iPBoiancc and abfordlty j and 4hali 

month, has probably excited the mdig* onlyobferve, 

netion of moft of your readen ; cer- jf^^^ xhere exifh not, nor do I be- 

uiflly, of all thofe who arc at all ac- u^. ^^^^ ^^„ ^ ^^^^^ i^ .ny q^^^^ 

Attainted with her «hj«««»^r«» J*^ author, fuch a woid as •tetif>;c»'' 

refpeaabdity of hw fi»»*«^ « »»^» Secondly, BolWell IhouldhTremina- 

the liberality ?^^ «'"«*» ™ *^, "" ad (to ufe his own words in his Ua il- 

cellent qualititt of her heart. Inde- ^^ ^, ^ lUpnMWmpliiKd 

I T94^] Sfr» fiofWcll aniATtfs Scvirard.— 71/ Controverfy Sfmijfid. 121 

Abbs Seward), Cliit '^ it would not be extent*; I. cannot but endeavour to 
«aj dUadvincage. to him if he flioold tvftffy a miftake into which Mifn S. has 

diftruA-.the accuracy of hie fallen, thouf^h it hatefeapcd the notice 

(*l firmly fTM^ / mtmm m of Mr. K in hit anfwer to Miff S't at- 

m^$i)k'* fot'f b»«»iU« upon inVcftics- tack. Vol. LXIJI p. 1100, flie fpeaka 

ly probabljr dilcoe«r tbtt Dr. Ciarkct of Dr. Johnfon at one **who.firAap* 

nfbia ttfSBiltfKMa •! tl|8 lUie abovcmen- peered befbrt the world in the charaAer 

Itottftd^ dote mm, Miploy'riw /smtiv ex* of a poet, and who, in that line of wri* 

ftt^am-Jimfm mf pi u n r fr^mmt^imm t -tioK, though fome of hit poetical coor* 

-m-wom ure^ atf fmfir fartt/mk rem poficiont are very fiacii hat been exceU 

gnumuifp tt fiipcfior Tutste cflem aliie. led bv feveral of hit coottttiporariet.'*' 

Thirdlfv TIm -Advice waa.jvaf given I mooM have thougjhttbat Mfft Se« 

to Slotted by hit fiadier. Tydeufl» but ward't ac^aintance with Dr. Johnfon 

hf IfippoloGhtitr to hit fiw Glaucnt. and hit works would have pref eoted 

Lafly, As TTdcMS «ai flam by Me- her from advancinf a pdfition which 
•JaoiMMS in the Thebaa war, itwatiaa- the bctttr-ih formed part of the world 
f^fik for him to have delivered thefo will rejeft at fDarioiit. I allude to the 
inftrodiont to hit iba at the time when former part of the paragraph quoted: 
the latter, accompanied the other 6re« the latter nuj wiibftand enquiry. 
ciaas 10 their expedition againft Troy. Dr. Johnfon^t firft work wat hit tranf-^ 
Whereas it it apparenc, from the dif* lation of Lobo'a Voyage to Abyfiiaia'i 
coorib ol Glaucut, that Hippolochut which appeared in the tear 1733* John- 
was alive when hit offtpiing came to fonwaiUben on a vifit to Mr. HeQor, 
afliA Priam and hit houfci and Glaucut who had been hit fcboolfellow, and was 
moft expreffly fayti a furgeon at Birmingham. Hit I aft 

•,/ « »• i« ' t % -/%*» work, the LI vet of the Poeti, wat com- 

n./*« » t^H T^,e-, -«/^ u«^« fi^^X .^^^ j„ ^yj^ ^, r^Wiy V UmmSM 

Ailff &C. &c. [iWriXxiv, Jprj^ ^^ ftMi^dmJmi^f 1749. 

Tmfting to your well-known impaf- The balwark of hit ruerary fame do4s 

tidicy, Mr. -Urban, for an infertioo of aot «»ft 10 his poetry 1 which, perbtpt, 

this letter, \ ihall, for the prefeni, con- would have been bette£,.had it been mo^e 

^ude with:ad«ifiag Mr. Bofwell not to ornamented with a little of that poetic^ 

affyme id himfcif too much confe- luxuriance which we meet wifh in "hit 

quence, althcfugh he be allowedly an pf^fe. The few things tn poetry (com- 

indefatigable, and, io general, a very parativcly (peaking) which have ap- 

faithfu!, biographer : for, ai well might P«ared in his name, do not eaabliJh hit 

a litile cock-boar, that feduloufly iol- reputation. 

lowi a majeftic firft-rate, which, in the But, Sir, I fcar I have forgotten mjH 

language of Milton, hat ^^^^' Perhaps Mift S. means to infinu- 

i. All her bravery on, and tackle trim, "^^./,^« 1^' TJ^lt.^^'\V^' ^"-^Z T' 

Sails filled, and ftrcame« Waving, ^'«" ^^ J?»»»/^°' „« '»»«,-'^/ f '^*^ 

Courted by all the winds that hold them play, y^^*> M mDttck^hrfi marked him for 

An amber fcem of od<*oi» perfume » P^^* ^"«« flie m^y infer, that he 

Uer harbinger,"— "'" appeared lo the world as a poet. 
^ ei . ■ ft. ' ne I am raihcT furpriied alfo at her caIN 

beexpeaed to aitraft attention to itfelf i„g herfelf a ^r//e«/r/i/r«riiZr, partipu- 

by no other aa than by thus n^i^g m ,,f, ^f^^^ ^ , ^^^ elabomtrieTTcr, 

tbttrwm^h, and partaktmg tbt gah i as ^^-^^^^ ^^ ^„f^^r ^^ j^^ Bofwell's! 

a conceited retailer of another's words ^^^^^ ^^ ^„^^,^, ^^i^j, , ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^; 

and deeds be fuppofed to merit a fame f^^,^j aa,hority little becoming a fe.nale. 
fuperior, or even equal, to that of a ce- y ^^ MastigSphohos. 

febrated lady, who is not only an ex- _ 

celleni >4r of poetry, but is alfo an jj^, Ur^ban, = ' Fib. ». 

admirable authorcfs m profc and verfe. yj aVING lately rificed the very cu- 

AuTxyno truLVi^f, ri rj^u, cellars of Gerard's Inn Hal]. 

fo accurately dcfcribiMl by a Londaa 
Mr. UrBAK, Fib. 2. Antiquai(y in voi. LIV. p. 753 ; 1 fcwl 

FAR from entering into, or infla- you a drawin<^ f pia te Ui.fy. 1 )» w^>e». 
ming, the conitovcrfy between e We heartily hope that this will 'be f6e 
Mif« Seward and Mr. Bolwcll, which I Uft letter we may receive on a lubjea whicu 
think has already gone to a nditulout ititngwcsrtaiplypropertoteniiirifiie. i^oiT' 

122 Silver Hfarts.'^Jdmiffi0iintdXkiairarindirid/afe4mdfofi^ [Feb. 

1 flatter myfclf, will cohtcv to yoUr iibilityofaflmiliraccideiit,1etthecrowd 

rcadcrt ao enft idea of the place. be ever fo great^ or ever fo eager for ad- 

Toorti &c. • T. P. ntfiioD. f do not, however, mean to 

— ■ ■— confine myfelf to the Little Theatre in 
Mr. Urban, h k, Feb. 3. the Hay-market, the door of which is too 

TH£ reliqaet ooted LXI. p. 40i» sear the Areet, and the defceot too r»« 
and LXIL p. siy are oerhapt more pid, to admit of any modification eon* 
common than your oortt^fN>odcnts are fifient with fafety to the poblick* But, 
aware of 4 for, I alfo have in my poflef. where tfaert it a oonfideraUe length of 
on a filver heart ptecifelvof the form p^flace orlobhyfrem the ftreettothe 
and fixe of that enprn? ed LXIl. p-ai, principal door, nothihg ifaretj can be 
with the following infcription upon the more eafy than 10 randrr ydmifltoa per- 
outfide of the lid of it, via. /a Hii'hrifl fefil? commodioiit andlecure. 
aiy bmrt tkth T$f \ and under the in- My plan b thii t 
fcription it cnmroved a fnall heart. The ^ Let the 'pafiige tir lobby be divided 
manner of fpelliog the word* hrttdt and into three or more compartmentf by at 
lemrt discovert it to be of ibme anti- many ftrooy- and fnbftantial dodrt, iii 
qoitv* Id the infide «lfi> of both pattt the centre of each of which there ongtat 
of the filver heart it a kind of doable to be a fmaHer. door capable of admit, 
croft.— If tbit odditional iniance of ting two pepfont with eafe. Thefk 
■ the exifleace of inore than one of thefe fmaller doort ihould ftand open, that 
littlecuriofitiet can'heof any.fbrt of nfe thofe perfimt who come firft mty be 
to A. C. in hit relcarchct afier^ their able to get to the innermoft door wiib» 
origin, I fliall be happy in the comma- ont hindrance or inconvenience \ but, 
aicatioa of it. F. E. whenever that portion or divifioa of 

— -'^ tlie lobby betwixt the innermoft door 
Mr. Uabam, FUlirf-frtit.Fib e. -and the oesit to It it filled, a regnlar 

THE following letter, which I have door-keeper fliould fliat and bolt the 
jnft receivedTrom my old and t^- ""«! «5«^- And now the fecond divN 
Innble friend Captain Projea, it of tock fi<« »' tbe Ubby will begin gradually 
roircellaneotit n natnre for the Medical «> ?»* by thofe who are rather later in 
Speaators hot it it, at the (ame time, jbf>r ■^i^*l. And, at each divifion 
of too mnch importance to be withheld ■"•• ^^^ «»«" ^own «igbt to be fuo- 
from the poblick. 1 ftall, therefore, ccflively Aut. 

beg leave to commantcate it through ^^ notice be given in the play-billt, 
the channel of the Oentleman*i Maga- •■* <*fc«' advenifementt, that the in- 
tine, which embncet eveVjr objea that ■ermoft door will open predfelf atthe 
ii either ufefol to literature, or benefi. »»»l »■• ^ admiflkMi, and the other 
€ial to mankind. fot^x doort fucoeflively in fuch a num- 

Th£ Mbpicaz. 8f SCTATOS. ^' ^ mlnutct ofter at ftall be fouod 

by experienee fuiBcif ut to admit thole 
A ProfoM fir mtdtrkg JUmi/km i$rt§ ^ ^^^ firft divifion or platooa to get in- 

Tbimtrmt mad $tkir e rwmded Pkuf ^ »« »*^ houfe without horry or danger. 

Pnl^e Mufmmn^ ferfiBfp Mi md Now, it ia evident that thofe only can 

c9mm§dkHS. Bj ihidkkrmidOiptmm be admljRed during the firft ten, fifteen, 
• Pboject, •«#4r<ArM<Mil#rif/i4r w twentv minntet, who have fairly 

MMi€0^Spiamt$rhi CiMb. ' .purthafed the privSego by coming at 

,, early at they generally now do to the 

« F^hm Uhn. innermoft, door. 1 calculau that in un, 

THE late fatal diiafter at the The- fifteen, or twenty minntet, thofe of ttie 
ntre-royal in the Htv-market it an firft divifion may be (eated in the houwi 
obieft of univerial dubcft and con- and in ftilr left tune that thofe of the 
cem, there being lew perfont who have iccond will have uken the pbcet in the 
aot, at fome period or other, been more firft divifion which the othcrt had juft 
•r M* ezpoM to the fime danger, hfti thofe behind will occupy the fe* 
But I am not addreffing yon. Sir, with coad compartment ; nnd fo on, from 
•vain and fruitleft lamentaiioiu upon one divifion to another, there will be a 
thia mcbuidioly occafion* I mean to rcj^lar and progreflive advancement 
ttCtr a pmOul 10 thofii who ait without danger or material obftru6lioa. 
~lM«e imtncdiately coBCcned in the n- I can foreiee one objedion only to 
jnlation of pablie placMf which, if thit mode of admiffion. Itmaybefog- 
A^Ofiedt wiii lA fetnif prtfoa thr poC» gcftcd thatt fappofiog a lady, or any 

I . other 

iMMmoA doM IhouldMN be liiffcredio In^ eoiftof tfat priacipalit^. Tlic iOud 

•pen wide all U oacc I bccaub, fueh i> alio gtic rum to ibc noble funilf of 

I I Birr* in Ireland. Tbi* iofbrniaiion 

un- Ginldui girei ui on the autboriiT of 

im- an urieDt munumcat in Landiff. I 

ire- ruber fuppofc it ii cunfled fiom Hif- 

I be tirim L»aJ*w»Ju, ai ao fucb monn- 

ibc mCDT ha! been noticed bjr an; othcT lu- 

llc) ibor I hive read or hcird of. At what 

on ^me thit Gwilcb lived, I will not pre^ 

:di- tend precifeljr to determine t butitwii, 

Tcr 1 think, between the jrear 490 and thn 

ibe reccireri ot monejr and tickeii dtftcnt of tbe prowling D^nci. During 

is their bozei. And here, Sir, would ihc picdaiionof ihcfe inhuman adven- 

bc what in laji younger dayt we ufed 10 luiLrt, their indefatigable inquilitife- 

denominate the Strain of rbeirnopylx; neli, and infatiable aTarica, made thii, 

Ihtough which I bate often palled at or tbe adjacent illiod Rcoric, the molt 

■be baaard of mj life, in the dayi uf unlikcl} Tpot in Great Iliitain for the 

Garrick, after a full bout'a Jabaiioui good Gwalcb 10 tell ijgiet in hit grave j 

Iruggling. If each ptrfun that pill'e* which, duubtlefi, wai hii moiive for 

tbrough ihii doDT paji hii incney there, prtfciring the unhallowed earth of ihll 

lie will ihcct with no larther ubflruc. then unmhabilcd iflc to the venerable 

lioDi and ibe houfe will ceruinly be cemetery of St, Dubnciui, fanflitied b}* 

filled in much Icfi time than it can be Gcimanui and Lupui, ihe great cham- 

done acci>rding to the pccfent mode of pioni of Chrillianiiy againft ilit Pcla. 

idmiflion. . gian herefjr. 

i Jure tn doubtj Sir, bnc the f to- Maurice de Beiklej, 10 Edward 1 r. 

124. Remarks on Dr. Moore's Jccount oftjji French Rtvcluildn. [Fcb^ 

builr, or meant to have built, a priory 
t^n the Fiat Holm. Ceitain it is, that 
he alienated lands in the parifli of Port 
bury for this purpofe. Mdurice died 
A* C. 1326 i but we hear nothing of 
his priory. I fuppofe Sir Thomas Bcik- 
ley, u'ha fucceeded him, fet afide this 
grant, and perhaps founded with it that 
chantry in the chapel of St. Catharine, 
BedminQcr, which S'r Thomas en, 
dt^wed with lands in Portburv, for a 
prieft to fiy mafs for the foul of his fa- 
ther and mother. 

If any of your correspondents can 
give farihtr iuformntiim relative to 
Maurice priory, it will be thankfully 

If the figure of the crofs be not un- 
common, at what time was it io ufe ? 
Yours, &c. T. B. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. i. 

"npHE moft deplorable circum* 
-L fiance Nvhich diftioguiflies this 
Revolution from others is, that, when 
its o> iginal objc£l was in a great mea- 
fure obtained, oider, tranquillity, and 
fubm'.lfion to law, did not return. One 
revolution has been (grafted on another; 
new alterations have been imagined 
and executed by men more violent, and 
ineans more bloody, than the former; 
the populace, flimulatcd by unprinci- 
pled leaders, have committed all the 
cxcclTcs of revolted Ncgrot5, i.r of (laves 
who have burfi from the galleys. At 

and carnage as have been of late exhi- 
bited in this country. Yet it ought to 
be remembered, that dcfpoiifm, though 
lefs favage, is more hopeltfs than anar» 
chy, which contaiiK within iiftlf the 
feeds of its own deflru£lion ; whereat 
the pillars of defpotifm, being artfully 
arranged for the fupport of each other, 
may Hand for ages. Were it not for 
this circumftjnce, and if there were no 
choice but to life under arbitrary go« 
\ernmenr, or to be expofed to the un- 
redrainrd ravnges and cruelties of a 
frantic populace, perhaps the former 
would be preferred as the lefs evil. 
For, in fpite of the vitiating tendency 
of unlimited power on the human heart, 
Hifiory affords inftances of perhaps one 
in a doxen ()f princes whofe power was 
unlimited, and who yet preferved the 
virtues of humanity; whereas a mob is 
always furious, brutal, and cruel* But 
Heaven has not confined mankind 10 
the miferable alternative; nor is every 
nation poffefTed of the impetuofity of the 
French, which, at the firil fenfation of 
freedom, has hurried them headlong 
into excefles without any rational ob- 
je£li like the lunatick, whe, hating 
fpoken the language of moderation, and 
announced a peaceable difpofition, makes 
ufe of his liberty in attacking every bo- 
dy around, and Bghring furiouily, till, 
his firengih being exhauftcd, he is a- 
gain br«.Uf;ht back to his tetters." 

Hnw fji it is 10 be adopted as an ex- 
ample hy other nations, let other nations 

this moment, four ^e^irs after the firft 

inlurrciliun, inflcad of the blcHings of judge (or ihemfclves. Our own coun- 

frcedom, the unhappy people of France trymen, Mr, Urban, have m^de the 

arc, under the name of a Republick, 
lulTering more uuolcablc opprclfioos 
tliao ihcy ever did under the moH de- 
spotic of their nionaichs. and are, at 
iht lame time, expofed to the attacjcs 
of extetnal enemies, whofe number is 
daily incrrafing by the imprudent con- 
duit of ihcir new governors." 

Such is the account given of the 
French Revolution by Dr. Moore, in the 
icccMirl volume of his Journal, du- 
rin^ his rcfidence in France till the mid- 
cijc ot December, 1792, p> 449 i and a 
a very jufl one it is. 

♦'Of all tlic evils 'Ahivh have at- 
tcndtd this exrr.iordip.ary revolution, 
the moft impoitant tt) nankind in ge- 
neral perhjp^ is, that it weakens the 
ipdi^natioii which every liberal mind 
naturally feels fcr defpotifm, and in- 
rliJits thcni tofubinit to the awful tran- 
quillity of mcihodiied opprelfion, ra- 
IMT I hail n:k fuch fccncb of anarchy 

trial of a'lepublican form of govern- 
ment. When they thought the oppref- 
fions and expeoces of a monarchy could 
no longer be borne, and the tyranny of 
kings was at its height, they thought 
the befi remedy was to pafs fentence on 
the feigning fovereign by what a cer- 
tain fa£tion called a fair trial in a legal 
court. The nation found itfelf growing 
happier, richer, and more powerful, 
under a republican form, at the head of 
VI hicli was what the Romans would have 
cilled a dictator, and perhaps not have 
fubmit:cd to quite fo long ai the Eng- 
li(h did \ for, even this man, with all 
his talents and abilities, was not elected 
by the voice of the nation at large. Af- 
ter he had governed about five ytari, 
Providence Uw fit to depofe him in a 
natural way. His fon prudently rtfigncd 
the power which he was totally unht to 
have been heir to; and, after the par- 
liament ind council of ftatc, ciilcd by 


oucnce, iMtrmCo, dcpgriei, commoD- 

Mr. i;«BAN, F,t. c. 

A li ii it gcaerally UDderDuud thu 
•L\. (he Fnmh Im« oiveJ much of 

fil ihtir hands t" ■ rtpitlcnwiiuo, (h<t 

the padiiimciiE *f Gicac Britain ought 

iheir fueled during the i>,t(ent iv-r to 

to «>ie 660C0I. lu accummodate cue 

the eicellcnte of iiuii ani.kry.I thould 

ciiy and in culiomtrt, one ii miuKlly' 

be obliged if you u,uuld >nkit lit* M- 

ltd Eo cuquiie what ideal ihtit com- 

lowing exttafli fii,m YuU»g'., 

RiiHioneii have of ihc wcalih of indi- 

that it may b< moie gtncrahj known 10 

Tiduaik or tbe puUick. WLea one 

whom tbcy an obligLd toe ihe gtcjicit 

1 26 French ArtiUery. — Mr. Wilkinfon. — Mi/allaneous Remarks. [Feb. 

icnproT^meDt that hat been difeovcred Grttt Oxtndon. What Mr. S. calU 

in the art of making canoon fioce their « a round Roman tvwer, eurtousy at 

firft invention. the end of the J^in^** Mr. Bridgei, 

P. 90. Mcffr«,Epivent hadthegoodneff toI. II. p. 8», more properly callt 

to attend mt in a water expedition, to view " a large ftair projeaing into the church- 

thc eftabUfhmcnt of Mr. WUkinfon, for y.rd from the Weft end of the tower. 

bonng cannon m an i0and in the Loire, he- ^jji^h has a plain pinnacle at each cor- 

^l N^"'?V^''''^ that well-known Eng- „,,^ .^^ . P^^iXi, fpi.e.- **"* 
liih manufaetBrer arrived, Che French knew r\«;rt. ..Jf— -^ ^r ^ J ^ ^ 
nothing of the art of cafting cannon foM, \ ^»^ ^our con efpon dent, O. B. p. 

and then boring them. Mr. Wilkinfon'f ""9. would gnre you his authority for 

machin«ry for boring four cannon is now at J"* ^fg*d, AF job is the Saxon term 

work, moved b/ tide wheels ; but they have '^^ *"• *^ol\ and I lufpea this name wai 

ere6)ed a fteam engme,with a newapparatus given to the imagt of Woden, includiiig 

fer boring fcven more." the drag$m at bis feei^ and not to the 

P. 155. " it is the fea^ (Montieni«i) of dragon «ibM. But let G. B. tell his own 

one Monf. Weekainfon's eftablifhments for ftory. 

cafting and boring? cannon. The French As I am always concerned to fee 

lay, that this aaive Englilhman is brother- your Mifcellany deformed with incor- 

in-law to Dr. Pnefttey. and therefore a ^eanefs ; let me correft three prefs er, 

friend of mankind ; and that be taught them --,-, ;- ' ..^ « ^«i « 1 ^ u 

to bore cannon, in order to give Uberty to T" p.^'^f • ^\ '^°'' r • '• '^'' ^°''* • 

America. The eftahliiBment is very con- *• ^S' *^»bncir; I. 11. Latinitatw. 
fiJcrable : there are from 500 to 600 men . ^'^:f\ '' *^^- .^"'re, in the print, it 

employed, bcfides colliers: five fteam-en- «« -^/«^ «na city dagger alluded to? 

ginestiut are employed for giving the blafb, ■"?' * refioratid column" ihould he 

and for boring, and a new one building." columaa rofirata^ or; if we muft have a 

Allow me 10 embrace this opportunity La"oEnglifli word, r^rattd column, 
of thanking you for the extreme fatis* ^"'y two of the roedaliioos of the 

fa£lion which your labours of late have ^"^^ gallant heroes are mentioned 5 the ^ 

in particular afFerded. I have been a ®ther is infcribed «< Capt. W. Bayoe, 

conftant reader almoA from the time I *S^<^ 50»" >s properly noticed^ vol. 

began to read, and admire the excel- ' LXIIl. p. 763. 

lence of your principles. In the late ^' t®» ^^ «o^ the lines 750-1 of 

important crifis, your coodu£^ demands Etieid VI. as generally printed, imply 

the fervent approbation , of everv Eng- 'hat the fouls were firft to lofe all re- 

lifliman. Timptid^ I doubt not but you membraoce of their paft life, and then 

were, as well as others j but, whilft fo wifli to begin a new exiftence ? 
many authors of periodical publications P* 18. I am at a lofs to find the dif* 

••fold ihcmftlfts to iniquity," you ^«r«oce between the clouted fliues of 

have uniformly (hewn yonrfelf a fteady '^^ modern peafantry and that found in 

and zealous friend to the King and Con- ^^^ ©^ wall at Tiverton. 
ititution. With ftncere wilhes that you . ^ ^"^ your correfpondeni Antiqaa^ 

may long enjoy your well-earned popu* ^f » P* i9» would point out the pre* 

laricy in health and happinefs, I am ^i^^ fttuation of. the triangular building 

Yours, &c. A. B. n"** Afliby-dc-la-Zouch cattle. 

«.«ii»^ Is it not from your Mi feel any that I 

Mr. Urban, Fib, 3, learn that Lady Wortley Montague's 

THE lines concluding " Thouglits Letters, p. 35, were attributed to Dr. 

oD new and old Principles of Po* Seddon, minilUr of the Englilh church 

litical Obedience," vol. LXIIL p. 11 14, at Amflerdam ? 
are frim Ovid Met. XII. 88 — 90. i& 9, p. 40, will find Aldegraft's 

I» not the gateway at O d F<*id mif- print or the execution of Manlius' fon 

placed near BowF and how a e the two by a Maiden mentioned in W^aifon's 

gateways with different arches txpreflcd Dcfcription of that Machine, H<ft. of 

inp.ii6i? Hallux, p. 214— 239, and Camden's 

Hincklticnfis, p. 1164, muft have Brit. 111. 36, and Gent. Mag. LXIII, 

found in p. 813, a fore of arjvvcr to his 3171 where you have mirpnnicd ihb 

inquiry after the Hiftory of Coventry. name Aldegrarr. 

P. 1178. Mr. Simco gives the epi- The objc6tionsto macfiints in manu- 

taph of Mr. Morton, author of the Na- fa£^ories, novv-arifing afrefh in the pc* 

lural Hiftory of Northamptonfliire, as titions from feytral towns juft prelcnt- 

well as of his family, viz. his wife, his ed to Parliament ac;ainll them, may be 

fon, and his fon's wife, and her fecond anfvvered in Dr. Wendeborn's View of 

iiuibiad, rc£^or of the farrc church of England, vol. LXl. p. 156, D. H. 


nearly conceriKil. I fhall, ihercrore. 

tlon both in rearon and ciperieoce, I 

erav« your indultrCDce for > (olumn or 

fliall enquire what are thii genilcman't 

livolabed<:vottd toareply. NolihiE 

ptetenfiooi to that fuperior acumen ot 

I think ihe performance cirher demaDiti 

itioughc. and folidiiy of judgement. 

•f mfriii my miilweri bur I conceive ii 

tll>[ entitle lilm lo uppofe the general 

I Favouiable oceafioa afforded me of 

opinion of mankind j and, in feekiug 

cndeavouriDg fartlter !o itcommtiid to 

i.i iiirow *a imputation on its credit, I 

public notice, ibrough your cxtcnlire 

may enquire whether party-lpiiit and 

and very refijcftjbie circulation, a plan 

ptiritc rancour arc not fufRoeatly ap- 

it it equally my duly and my incJina- 

parent to direfl Ins louenJoi of force. 

lion to promote, I am the more indu- 

To affume a confequence, an anetv 

ced tu rouble you on thit occalion from 

mtus •wriiiT boafls he genirjlly 

the cireumflance of the perpemal w«r- 

knoivs and ii generally known i and. 

faie thai hit been caiiied on for tbe under liii i 

128 Afr. Young on tie Britifh Settlement. — The Stepney Lady. [Feb. 

prefuixies to queftion the exiftence of a 
number of gentlemen who have given 
their names to the world, finely ilfuf- 
trating the univerfality of his acquaint- 
ance by confeHing that, of a public 
committee, there is not one whom he 
knows or to whom he is known ; and 
with what charafleriOic modefiy this 
mafied adventurtf alks, *• who arc 
ibey /" He invites the charge of mifad* 
thropy, his confciencc plainly accufing 
him. He favs that he detefts only the 
name, as poHlblv touching him too clofe. 
He fets up Mr. Howard's plan of fo- 
litary confinement as oppofed to this. I 
will not deny but, as he wifhes our pe- 
nal lawi more fcvere, he may, contem- 
plate with great delight unhappy 
wretches immured in dreary cells { but 
I beg leave to call your rcsders atten- 
tion to the true nature of this plan, 
which, fo far from being dircfily oppo- 
fite, is not in tbe liofi oppofetl to Mr. 
Howard's. He, by folitiry confine- 
ment, merely fought to remove an ex- 
ifting evil, the horrid tffc«9s of indif- 
criminate and unguarded an'ociaii'>n ^^nd 
profligacy in gaols. All thcfc are fully 
obviated in our plan ; in addition to 
which, pofitive advantages are provjiitd 
by cxprefs and carefully-framed regu- 
lations, to derive a good from example 
and focial intercourfe far bevond what 

Nature has impofcd her laws on all be« 
ings, therefore on man j and them man 
muft obey. Tlie afccrtaining thofe laws 
is the work of philofophy ; the declara- 
tion of them reduces them to principles 
in moral fcience. But to thcfe, with 
profound penetration, your CTrefpond- 
cnt has difcovcrcd *' man is kind of 
animal 'vohicb nuill ftot /ubmif,** I in- 
treat him. Sir, to inftru6^ us a little 
farther; wh«it ofber kind e?/" animal is 
better verfed in philofophy, and moie 
fubmiflive to its principles, (hdn man ? 
And, fince man ii fo rcfi'af^orv a being 
that he will not fubmit to ptilo/of>bi(at 
principles, that is, to the la*ws 9/ bis 
nature ^ to what otber kind tf principles 
does he fubmit ? what unpbihfopbical 
principles, and what unnatural laws, are 
they which regulate civil fociety, and 
govern the human race } 

(To be continued,) 

Mr. Urban, Fth, 10. 

YOU may give Three Stars or Eufe- 
bia's compliments, which you 
pleafe, to Mr. Malcolm, and acqu^iioc 
him, I (hould h-ive anfwrrcd his ol)li- 
j;ing reply to my query ((orccrning the 
lady buiied a: Stepney) I'uoner; but I 
have been hunting the b^lUd ft^lls for 
the old fong without fucccfs; though 
all the old women are well acquainted 
folitode can ever efFcft. Thus your with it; my memory is not good enough 
correfpondent errs by confounding every to give any fiaizas of it as a fpecimen, 

' fo the (lory fiv&W be at Air. M's fervice 
in humble profe. A gentleman, be- 
nighted in travelling, is Iheltcred in a 
cottage, where the good wife is in la- 
bour; he draws the horrf'cope of the 
infant, and finds it dcfiincd to be his 
future bride; t!iis his pride revolting 
againfi, he pixicnds compnlfion to the 
taiion, uf which to give him the chief circumflances of the parents, who are 
merit I am un»ble to decide. eafily induced to part with one child 

Your correfpondcnt, obj«?fling to the from a numerous brood to a rich man, 
plan of the Britifh Settlement a» vifion- who promifes to provide (o much better 
ary, and merely theoretical, advances for it than they .can : he carries 11 off 
an apborifm that would do honour to the with an intention to dcllroy it. but, nur 

difiin6lion between a well-governed fo- 
ciety and the orgies of unhappy wretches 
drowning their miferies in debauchery, 
riot, and feigned mirth ; and, becaufc 
Mr. Howard's plan is oppofed 10 the 
one, he thinks it oppofed to the other 
alfo. S'ich arc W\% power i of difcrimi- 
nation, or fuch his candour of reprefcn- 

iBoft unintelligible fages of the iityflic 
(rhO' Is : •*,'* favs mv harned an- 
tagoniti, ** is that kind of animal which 
fv;ll not fubmit to philofophical princi- 
ples." I do not know that fubiniillon 
is ever required to phiU'lophical or 10 
any ether principles : laws, not princi- 
ples, are the obje£ls of obedience. U'J- 
man laws arc, indTed, founded on piin- 
ciples. Ail principles are properly phi- 
lofophiol ; for» they are the expofiiion 
and devclopcmcnt of the nature, pri- 

being hardened enough to imbrue his 
hands in its blood, he leaves it in fr^me 
lonely fortO, to, at leaft, as ceiiain cle- 
ftru6^ion ; here fomc fhcpherd or cot- 
tager finds it, takes it home to his wife, 
who nurfca it with great tindcrnefs, as 
has bven ever ufual in thefe (lories, 
from the time of Romulus and Reniu». 
She grows up in all the bloom of beauty • 
Again her future fpoufc is drawn by his 
liars to this fpot ; firicken with her 
charms, but hearing her hiftory, from 

maty poweis, and relations, of beings, her fuppofcd father, is again enraged, 


ttifi arc liken at a lery e^rly afe from 
ibcir parcDti, or rather, we maj by 

Eacrallr, li*Te ueicr known paitoial 
re, dropptd upon ihe paclb, nod, 
Uiit we mty 'Dt°T '!>' comfort of 
wirnili ia <iur houfci, doomed to la- 
bour, filth, ind Ignorance. lam Ica< 
fible theii condition hai l>eea much tne- 
tioratcd bjr ihe exerii^nt of the worthy 
Haaway and Mr. Andiovi in ihiii be- 
helfj 7CI, when they outgrow their 
occupation, how can wc rx|ie£t honelty, 
or any legatd to human or divine Uwi, 
•Then no feed kit btcn Town, except 
pcrhapi by the wii.kcd one? S'jme, it 
maybe, know net i>ihtr»ilc of a God 
than having Icarntd to curfe by' hit 

The exptnce of futh fchonit would 
be very fmall ; no objeft 10 our chariii- 
blc and opulent mclropolii. Suppufc 
e*try Ward in tht ciij maintained one, 

pi^HT. Mag. ftbratrj 1794- 

bouring Watdi might join tngttbcr. 
Each large oufpariOi could afford one 
of thefe fchool* with or without Ihr 
cloaihin(. 1 know rome mailer chiiD* 
ney'rwecperi drcfi their boyt very de- 
cent on Sundayi: io paiticulat, on* 
whom I employ, who takci hii' to 
chuich, and told inc he williei) he could: 
read bimlltlf, as then he could inArufb 
hit boy, who, he Taid, wii ■ fprightly 
lad, and would take any thing he wai 
taught) would be happy if there wat % 
Suadiy-fchoal w rtcci*e him. But all 
malttn are not like him. 

In your Indca Indicaioriut for Jano* 
ary, Cleiicui fpeik. of an Elay, which 
he thinks would be very ufeful to ths 
woitd if itcuuld be printed cheap. Thit 
bring! to my tcmembrance the circum- ' 
Itancc of Blfliop Sherbck't cacelleni 
leiwr on the Earthquake! which fa 
much alaiBtd ihlt city ia the yeat 

1^ Jpr. G«4d« dtfnJti ^tinfi tht Chrgu »f}.W [FA. 

,,^.ie/ih*pric«a£«>bichwit6d. But lAllodc to trt tbc \i\ji ccniDonin i^f 

t-J^yQ,ihy A>(ioMr*t I think Venue tbe fl^oaiib chunh. Tfl furred ihdc, 

and Godbv, the litter dT fhopi ii Aill gcatle neint «■« bcft, Wbq vpuld 

>|n*, iiiiDwda^i<Hdihini>AtftP*""r bteik « bunerO; ufmn « wheel I Who 

uket, which iudMrf JiaBitff(»w pur- would dircbargi a ejnnon^at cobwebi, 

^tSm tlum M Ei*B mt i «Bd 1 da Dot when ]^ naj hruA ibem off with «. 

IwoF"t>etb«ih«r«pid(tle^n««l- '«»''«'> ,^ ■ r jl 

BwA rtwtbwft them. Mi«b» flof C«w- Dr. Oedde* ■* jogr cor- 

tUM finilu b« don* by lEii ttfty ► refpoideBt, f*r diwrtfog To' nu^ ol 

Toor* fc^ SOM*lA> bit ■ttBBtion, froip ihotraoiuiion of the 

' ., 1.) i,r . tEcriptwit, tolittnry'piir&tuof ■■adrs. 

Iifc,U»»*H. . ft*.»». t|[]»j»l kind. IneoifKrwibit «li»r«, 

IM-MUE M*»»a* for QAoW ha I >» bound to ttfltfy, tber Dr. Gcddci 

4 kucr fignJjVM- t****^' ""IW "" '*'' '"''*> "f» ^^ ^'!* *??. ? *"•''• 

|» jolt* hdUMrlbennea, or J« «il. " not to be «hle for . (ook time to 

lertb(}cfl*rjii)BdiS«MU>Hi(),-ca»> !>*» >)>* fatigue of hit ■atwA Btidiei. 

taiaise feme nfleSiont on |>r. Geddai. Qurtog ibi» period lie pub^iffied fbmc 

The iTlibtral)tT Wd iqvlig^itj of thcfe pamphlet*, which to > cjni^ iti«; ftem 

MfleaioB* v% 11 fingulu M tie lih» «po jocofe. 

ni'iKj and bcnevolcBco of tbc nan ■—- — 

agalnfi whoiB they are dircAed i a maa qiiid n 

who i* •* oinaa«ai aid an hoomir lo Your correrpoodtnt appffan to thiok 

ttlii <g* and nation, and whom 1 an iiflringe, thit Dr. Gedd^H wliomhe. 

proud to call MT ''■■■^- c*l'* a Roman Catholic, Aould write 

Your ctricrpoadent . tengntulata* fo pninicd a f^iirc on the. cert moniia of 

liinrelf on the oppomi*ti]i ;owt widsly- tbe Church of Rome j and ihin, hy war 

diffnftd Ma|a*i**oS<i''^')*'*^^'''''K oi (K-cjudiciue ibe Cath<'lieiag4ina hia tht butie icddca ^riling*, deciirci ihit he iaaotaRO' 

care a button for kj iitack* mo Caibotic, both b* hii «wq confaf- 

i| would aff'oni kia>: potra- fioa and Ihu of the Romaa Call«olk« 

afiv of taking J. M, tllanircl*c«. Hence it appein, that 

Hidf BOtraefiu^ Mibat your correrpondcBt i« in pair(iC<a of 

k«t«IafJied&Jieaibf fthofe tbf bed of Ptocruaeij and can either 

icStOiopt, and fio ig ilic flitich the PoOor lo the Avuic of a 

i/npoiUpc* of 'be-Ur ^- 'It ^'' Tapifti or cut him dowa to that pf a 

(fitiitt it <Dgiga4l,,tf> conclude that Piuitflam. Id fhon, bn &t|na tq frM- 

ke inUTidi ,10 ireai. hit facblf adterfaty- JtbMaaiiaii him afplearura. 

with GoDicrvpt,— -I fliovid nui hit>c pre- Vour corrtlpcDdeDt it oaitcb difptea- 

Atmcd lo iikq up imi, in defence nf ft^ with I>r.ijeddct for ridiculing two 

Qoe who i> fo dioch moit able to wiild of the da£tf ia<t of tbq Church of Rome, 

t}l«si for him&l^- W(EB I not well ic namtl}, prajeit for the dead, and in- 

4u4iDi(4 «>lh the bcBi^aity of hit dif- dulgcncvt. He probaWjr meant dicgca, 

p»fitJon, I AobU fear ihii leiKOof: whith are paid fo(i and indulgtqce*, 

- yon itli Mttilio, ncqua defeolnihiit ifi)*, which arc fomctime* profliiutcd lo baft 

Teiijpu* <K*t> purpoTei, Thefe, he coafeflca, arc iwft 

. Your cotrefpaadcni infinUBtei ihalt «fil»cirf«TOuiite opinion*, aodoo won. 

it it unbaooming the gra.iiy of the d«ri hjf the firA ihtjr may fill tlieir 

vanfliior end rcAorer of the ficrtd pockeii ; bjr th* latter ibc; may graliff 

t«at to cR'pIo* hit pen on fuch light tbir iDcliDaltont. 

ftibjefit B< the Vernii, and other com- Yqur CDrrefiioodeat fay*, ihatBtiack> 

■oriiiooi akribcd to Dr. Gtddet. Bat bg the hvoLntc opiaioni of miokind 

K i»- the ind (Mnfablc .luty of a eleigy. if not ib« way lo draw money out of 

miD lo oppi'lc-fke and iria:i|t)nn by theii poiketii in Ibon, he f<tn>i quite 

fceh 0.(11.) kihe dfem»mi.a likely to futptlleU at fiudinga/*;^ who ii out a 

fru«e ruecef.fD!. Ha will warn ibe titt-fcitt. 

lad rffn/tri of inaDkiiid _ The way to draw moncy^sut of jhc 
ji aad awful ' ' ~ 

.y Ehcfe'luui aad awFul dcnunciatjoa pocketi of nunkiad it to fl^titr then 

of d;»i.e»er;eeince( hut Try t»c«ma m their faiourite opiDiOBti to flatter 

tht fuibtet ut fiipcrftiijun by the gentle »>• licb widow, ihai, by Ciying a cet. 

(•bake of ridicule. RiHituliim mtri t«i»ounber of maffet, you can riliafe 

Unin V m,lifi. — Hit fimUem itismum l^crbu)l>aDd from purxalory. " Wof 

Vr*« /'fl<ff /««ft»---Th« fiiiHe* WiW)«n,S«iteaaB<IPhMileet. hypo. 

of ic The Pope cnnKnindi ie; and hit 
followtri, if confiRciit, man ia the 
fame.. " 7iui tatii Ihij maJt ibt leM- 
manJmnl ef Cud of sur ij^iit by ittir 
ITAJuian. Yehypocriiei, ncll cTid Gfiiii 
propheiy of fou, fajr'R^, Thit people 
dnwcih nijih unio mr wuh their mouih, 
■nJ honouicih me wiih their Iip> ) but 
their heart it fa< from ine. &ul i> llaim 
ibtj 4t •veorjhip Hit, Ifchhg for diBrinis 
ibl temmanJatni] ef mtn.- 

opinion wiih ihe Popes : but the only 
image they wiirfhip in fitneritjf ind In 
ituih, i« the (im« whith the Jewt wor- 
shiped on Mount Hoicb, — ibi giUlm 
calf. Hid ihtf lived in the lime of 
Mof», thej would haie fjied him the 
trouble of grinding the Calf to powder, 
■I thcf fwnllor* the larked piectc they 

Salluft l3id of Rcmc, \an^ a^o, tiwd) 

When ihey firivt, by nnjuft mnni, lo 
extend the limits of hit empite again, 
and to lenorc hit ufurpaiioD, we are 
undci ihe neceltiiy of rcmladiag tbeiii, 
liial bit day ii pft j □therivif* ih* flloft 
d'lllant allulioD to the dtcllae of hIS 
power would look like traiDpliog on ■ 

It it well'known that Dr. GeddM, 
who is eminently ijuilified for the talk, 
by his profound knowledge oF the He- 
brew and clhet languages, liing >«<» 
formed a defign of iraaHaiing ibt holjr 
Scripiuret, for the uXe oF hit counirj- 
men in general, ind of the Caiholici in 
particular, bicaufe they were in parti- 
cuUr in want of a gDod vcrfion. lit 
■hit arduoui uodcitaking he wit cocoa- 
nged by KLnnicoii and Lowih, whii^h 
is ■ liron^ reccmmcDiIsiion iii PiriitA- 
aani and ^atiooiied bj' Laid Pctic, 

lyt Dr. -Gcddcs difindtd cgfiinji tbi O^mrgts of J. M. [Feb. 

.which is. a (^jroDg recomoDciuSation to ^id Jhrnini facit^^ aident cum taUa fum f 

Catholics. Hut the mill of prejudice Since his Holintfs hat loft all his inBu- 

^was feon raifcdj tn4,«4Jrobil*itiun iffucd, eoce in Fnnce, he redoubles his eftbrcs, 

jigainft his work, by bigots, who prefer hy means of his emilfaries, to recover 

'the gratiBcatloD of their own .iciu|iural the afcendencv which he ooce had in 

ambition to the etetnal welfare of the EogUnd. Like the reftlefs and infati- 

flock committed to their charfse. But al>le ocean, he Hrives to gain on one 

what wonder that ihepherds who are fhure what he lofct on another; but, I 

hirelings, and appointed by an alien, trufl, he will be difapnointcd.. His 

ihould have little regard for the flock ? power, which once, like the raging tide, 

\Vhat wonder that the rcprefentatiYes threatened defolation to the world, is 

of a Pope (hould try to prevent the now at ^q low an ebb, that the addreHTes 

people from reading the Scripture in pubiilhed in his behalf, in the paftoia.1 

'their own tongue, when the muft fu- letter*, appear to proceed from one of 

perficial knotvledge of the Scriptures the favourite opiniom of the Church of 

mud prove fatal to their caufe ? Rome above alluded to, namely, /''€X* 

It would l>e unnatural in nnv dcfcrip- tug for tbi iUmd. 
tion of men hut Papills to ahufe the Here it may be remarked by fomc, 
lenity of the Legiflature, which had juft that, if this opinion is well-founded, the 
removed fomc of the rcftri^^ions under old inaaim, Ot mtriuts nil ntji 6§fiMm, 
which they had laboured, by aAling the ought to be remembered ; but fome late 
part of the unjuft fleward, and treating proceedings force us to revive the Tub- 
thofe over whom they had authority ]t£t^ and, when Popery it the fubjefl in 
with unufual rigour ; but Dr. Geddes queflion, we muft difpcnfe with the ol>- 
jultly obferves, in his letter to iKc Bi- (crvancc of that adage, or be (ilent. 
ihop of Ccnturic, that from Papifts he But, if the prefent age has produced a 
)o<>ks ft)r neither juAice nor chanty. — bigoted Pope, bigoted apodolic vicars. 
It is well v^'orth the confidcration of and bigoted priefls, ic has aifo produ- 
Britons, whether they will peimit the ced a GeddeSf a Bsrington, a Wilki:, a 
Pipe to rtftrain the Englifh Catholics Potts, and a Throckmorton j thanks l>e 
from reading whatever tranflation of the to Providence! which (ends no evil with- 
Scriptures they prefer in their^ own out fome remedy, no poifon without 
tongue; whether they will permit the fume antidote. If even thefe men, libe- 
Pope to deprive a valuable citizen of his ral and enlightened as they are, have nut 
property, the fruit of many years labo- efcaped ccnlure, 
rijus toil and tntenfe -ftudy ; whether Th< hipt's tenfiiri is extorteJ fra/fi, 
they will permit the Pope to throw sm Taught by their precepts, and urged 
impediment in the way of literature and by their examples, a great num»)er of 
its dependent profedions; whether they Eneltih Catholics have begun to exrrcife 
will peiinit the Pof* to cre^ a court of their reafon, and to fufpeft futli of the 
iUr-chamber, or a court of inquifuion, doarincs of the Church of Rvme as are 
in this kingdom, to rcflraio the liberty of ^ot founded on the holy Scripture*, 
the preU, and to extrcifc that worft of //i,^ m^ Uutyme ; it is this that 
all tNnnnics, an arbitrary power over makes the ferpcnt wiithe ; it is this thac 
the ronfciences of mankind. — Till he torments him. Dr. Geddes wilhes to 
c»n convince the world that he has a promote the reading of the Scripture, hy 
right to be fomething more than the Bi- prel'enting a faithful trarilation of it ; 
Ihop of Rome, let him ifTue his defpotic for which purpofe he ha. fptnt m-ny 
mandates, his bruium fylmiK, from the years in correfiing numeious c*rror>, 
y.irican : there let him bluftcr and look which are to be found in all the tranfla- 
big; tions hitheno made, and even in the 
. :llafeJMffer in aula. text itfclf. He recommends to the Ca- 
lf it iliould be uri^ed, that the prohi- tholics to choofe their own hi(hop«, and 
bition in quellion originates, not with allows the validity of the ordina'ion of 
the Pope, but with his delegates, the our , which tl>e Papills denv. He main* 
titular bithup , thofe fhadows of a fbade, tains that the Bilhop of Rome has tm 
wot thy to be his vicegerents in this knog* power in this kingdom of divine intlitu- 
dom, it is no exttnuJtion of the auda- tion. either fpiritual or temporal. Thele 
ciuus infult ; lor, if his agents attempt are uaparOooable olfences at the court 
fuch dcfpotifm, what may wc cxpi£i from of Rome. 
dtmicU ? Your cot rcfpoodeflC fays, wc can n^r 

incol'iance, he Aibve lo iSo ^i>>.I m ii 

Pirills wlioatiulL lii'm. 

Di. GcJitet claims a riglit nf pnint'rg iwr laeum mult he lo pcviertilut end, 
out the il'grint ulutpulo'ns uf amhiiiouv ^"^ oucoffOoJ fliU to finJ iiwansutcvi 
Pi'pt.. ami ihe t.rlou, infilRK':i"'fil'i (nUcmimuiJJ 

cuRimiEtcd 1>y ihtm on tlie riijhti of 

matkind. H..' ili.rks ii fufficitr.t, md Mr U«d»N. CarliJU, Fih. t. 

■no.c .li.n luffci.m. to ailmv .he P-r* I F'-ATTER mvftif I h,., g.ven, i 

ti.o(epriiiltgtsv.lilchwce»11oHCcltolii! * y< ur lafl Mngaiinr. a. rc.y r.^ilong 

puilittllbr S-ini Piicr. In ililt. urin\uu "* ii''--r.& el^^^,n^l1<ln of ilioft expc 

niod E.gii|limeiiwill agrci: wiih him. " winch l.T. Piicfllcy baili laicl 

J- M, nt»[ :l!u,le5 lo Dr. Gtd.fet's pu*'l'"ii<l 'vitli lumucU oiitniaiioni am 

prcm on the Fientli revoluii.n, ii.d lO '''''='' h^ve Jcd li,ra inio ilic niHlake 

hi\ conetJiulidrE ihe eluev <ii' F(»nce '''^' aimotpheticil air may he mad' 


^. n.ddci 

for the de, 
publilhed li 


ihich was 
cf Ihtm, 

:rcv thty 

>nmn>. I 
atht .vhitli 
RLiits add 

■ lilt CI 

134 ANewTia9^sGtfif8Dr.ViMBitjtm ' (Feb. 

lias been a dreadful jRainbring;-bIock to or cortceotntion. And itt the fiate of 

all our modern airial phiiofophert and inflammable airititfoftroagly fixed that 

«xperimentalliftt, a lighted taper or flame eannocftt it ioofc!; 

in forming the artificial Mire air of but a lighted taper or flame can fct loofc 

chemifla, an acid and an cartn are indif- the fixed fife pf pure air. Now, in the 

peniably neceflary i thefei being expoled explofion or combuflion of tbefe wo 

to great heat» gradaatly imbibe a airt when combined, the phenomenon 

Juantity of fire. That aeidt have a it to be thua explained taftuaf fin licihe 

ronger attraAion for fire than other applied, the fixed or tf Halilkd fire <3 

bodies is eVident from a knowledge of the pnmairis firftfet looliB, and imme* 

the formation of fnlphur and pbofpho- diatety ads upon the fire of the inflam- 

VQS* Daring the operation, the fire ia mable air» which is all, or the greatcit 

g^doally atcraded by the acidf and, part of it» fet at liberty^ and dnperfed 

^hen we recoiled that the acid is in in the explofion, and the water, which 

a liquid (late, we muft know that it is formed the menftrunm or bafii to both 

already united to a quantity of water, airs, is depofited tM;ether with the acid 

In proportion as the acid attrads fire, of the pure air. But the difcotery of 

it lofes its attradiob for the earth, and this acid in the refiduum depends upon 

at left acqaircs (o high a faturatton of fome particular drcumflaaces. If the 

lire, that in coojunfiion with the water expiouon be verv great, it isapttoefcape. 

h forms a permanent vapour or air. And, if there be a greater praportion of 

The earth feems principally to be ne- inflammable than pure air in the procel's 

ceflary for fixing the acid till the fire (which 1 have fully fliewn to be the 

laturate it, together with the W4ter agent io fetting free the fire of the in- 

^||^ich it neceflarily cootains, into the flammable air)» part of it will not be 

l^rroanent vapour called pure air. But burnt, or in other words part of its fire 

even the acids by long expofure to beat will not be fet at liberty, and the acid 

may be formed into air without earthi in the refiduum will unite with it in itt' 

n fad which hath been long fince fliewn compound ftate, or in the ftate of in* 

by Dr. Prieftley, a j uft I y -celebrated ex* flammable air, and will form with it 

perimentallift, to whom, upon every what has been called phlogtfticated air s 

proper occafion, I am always ready and but this phlogifticated air is different 

happy to refer, notwiihflanding the un- from that of the atmoTphere, or %vhat 

fair advanuges which he feems inclio* is left in that ftate when the pure air has 

cd to take over me, by finking my name part of its fire taken from it. The dif* 

when he adopts my conciufions and ex* ference is exadly fimilar to that betwixt 

pUnacioos. But in this formation of the pure air of the atmofphere and the 

air, by the txpofure of acids to a long- artificial pore air or dcphlogifticated ni- 

continued heat, there i« only a very trousair,asitha$beencalled,of chemiflf. 
imall part of the acid aeriaiifed. The That the fire of the pure air is firft 

eledric fpark, which is the moft intenfe fet loofe when comboftibie bodies burn 

application of fire, anfivers the bcfl. But ia it, is owing to different caufes ; firft to 

in thefe experiments where are the its being a loofer concentration of fire 

earths to decompound the acids ? than inflammable air or other combul- 

The inflammable air is a much higher tible bodies. Secondly, I fuppole its 

faturation of fire fo as to have be.en de- acid alfifls in penetrating and letting 

Dominated phlogiflon, and like the pure loofe the fixed fire, as is obferved in 

air has fire for its bafii, a fad which it the well-known experiment of fetting 

obvious from the cffed of the vapour of fire to the volatile and effential oiU by 

%vater when paiTed through iron, %vhich the agency of the nitrous acid ; and, 

it robs of its phlogifton, or rather its thirdly, when the fire is applied, the 

coQceotrated fiic, forming it into in* water by expanding may afiift in break- 

flammable air; and this is a fad which ing the bond of union in the aerial com- 

1 am alfo ready to acknowledge hath pound. 

been well explained by Dr. Pricftlty ; Bat, if thefe two airs be fo united ihat 

but, for a fiill more happy and more in- the burnihg and explofion ia coodudcd 

celhgiblc explanation, 1 muft refer the in a very gentle manner, they will only 

reader to the twelfth Number of the be impcrfcdly burned, and a great pa|t 

Medicmi S^Ssi^r, in which the fubjed ^ the puie air will be left in its aisrial 

is treated both wirh brevity and precilioo. ftate, either as fixed air or the ai^ lai acid 

Koiv, fire is fet loo(e like all other che- {having parted with its fixed "kre that 

jfticai bodies in :h« ratio of its fixatiuo aieutuUfi-d the acid^ but Aill reuining 

Theory, ct'd acxordiBg to ihem ic mull 
fall to IhegrouDd. For, accordingioihe 
lift eipcnmcDii ttj Mcffn. Fourcroy, 
Vanquefia, and Sequin, ihc LombuAion 
being Homly pcrfomcd, there wii a 
qaanlitf of both fixtil air ind phtoglf. 
UGHCd air, ai well ■• waicr, in [he irfi- 
dttum. And it the purtA, pure, and in- 
Siramablc airi ivej^c made ufe oF, ihefe 
airi mutt theicforc have been generated 
in [he proccfa. Now, at Ihcre urat no 
cbarcoal in that procefi, how came iii- 
ed ait lo be producid ? And ai th< 
fame nira, when more quickly burned, 
leave aa fixed air in itie reliduum, Itierc 
cxpcrimenti are in diielEt oppoliiion lo 
Mr. Laroifi..', Theory, and liketvifs 
lliew ihe futility of ihe laie experiment) 
upon [he decompoliuon of hied air 
furming charcoal, which have been givcti 
idihe ^hilofophical TianU.tioni. 

Let m noiv enijuire how tar it will 
agree witii Dr. rr'icnicy'i thcuiy or ex. 
piangiion. The Di>aor Up, [hat the 
|Kire air altraAi tlie phlogiQon of ihc 
wdMinablc airjiod feiiut vriih it ciibcc 

mical attrafiion, which, 1 believe, waa 
««rer once difputed, fuppofc* that dif- 
fercBi bsdiei hare an ■itraAiun ot tlS- 
nity for each other, and that thefe bo- 
dies have a point of oeutralizsiioii, ot 
faiuiation i ai, for inAance, the nitcoiu 
acid, and aa alkali, ia the compoGilon 
called nitre ) but, agreeable lo the ^a/ 
fftui of the prcfent moment, they ma/ 
term all ihe different bodiit in nature 
by a charm, called axrahgembht. 

Dr. Friefiloy proccedi upon no con- 
firmed data, but only adopli ibc fanci- 
ful conjeQure of (lie prefcnt hour; and 
fucharc the thconel of our modern chC' 
niilli. The Doctor ha* made experi- 
ment upon expiiimeni, fo at to fill mi* 

[akra ((om thefe experimcnti. have been 
C'.niinually chiDging. Still in the 
daik. he cao lee no objcft diflmaiy, 
and thii h^a induced him to foJIoiv an 
imagiiiar^on unimptefled wiih iha firft 
tudimcnii orchcmiUr) i and hii usme 
giveiau[hotiiy lo every abfnrd conjec- 
luie. But, let ut caiiy the dofirine of 

A ihw rtaf^sGift H Dr^ VxiaAvfc^nuiJ. [Feb, 

wfaich I iliiBk IwrfMy any mam in kit 
ImUci wiU fsrctcad ttft4lifpute. 

Mr* Lavoifitr utrhb fuppofet pure air 
to be the acidifyhig principle^ makes it 
ibrtQ not only tkc mtninrai actdi in his 
doQrinet bat water, -which has not the 
fiiMn«A acidity, • although agreeable to 
his theories, tbinrc is five timet the' 
weight of pure air to that of inflamma- 
ble air to form water* Bat Dr. Priefi* 
ley (ays theft two airs fomi the nitrons 
aad IB the proportioa of twice the balk 
of InflanuMne air to the pare air. He 
has adopted my idea of phlogifton, bc« 
kig an alkaline priadple y indeed, it is 
clear, for I formed alkaline air ia^o in* 
flammable nir by hear alone. Then 
pjure air, which is not the leaft aceicent^ 
not ading in the flightefl mann^ upon 
the vegetable juices or alkalies, ought, 
with twice its bulk of inflammable air, Le- 
the alkaline principle, to form the flroag** 
eft acid in nature, via. theottrons; and 
when formed, require fuch a large pro* 

Kr^ion of alkali to neutralize it. 6uch, 
r. Urban are the abfurd doArines de- 
dueible from the arguments and expla* 
nations which our modern chcmifts have 
given of their own experiments* 

Now, in forming this inflammable 
alkaline air, and pore air, into the ni* 
trous acid, an immenfe quantity of fire 
iafet at liberty, which thefe gentlemen 
icem to coniider ai a matter of no im- 
porunce, I fuppofe,bccaufc, upon their 
theories it \% perfeAly inexplicable ; but 
on mine it is not only eafily accounted 
for, but it is one ot the many argu- 
ments to which I am ready to refer, as 
dcmooftrativeof my theory, not only of 
fixed fire, bot of the formation of the 
atmofphcre. See the Gentleman's Ma- 
gasine fm* 1791. It is a painful talk, 
Mr. Urban, to be under the neceffity m 
this manner of pointing out the abfmdi* 
ties ofmUiTM chcjniftry, more elpecially 
as 1 have ample materials by me for in- 
vefligating and explaining the truths of 
Nature, a much more pleafiog employ- 
ment ; but I wift to dear atvay the 
rubbifli as i proceed. 

We ought to have fome 9ld chemifis 
in this age, Wefimmb, Crell, Macquer, 
Black, and otberi; but inrely feme aeri- 
al muuia has taken poflcliion of their 
uoderflandings* If they are open to the 
voice of reai'on, and of common feafe, 
let them attend to thel'e fii»plecxpcri« 
ments. If alkaline air it added to the 
nitrous acid, they will foim together 
the nitrous ammoniac ; but if tbiialkhr 
iiAe air has more fiie ihipwa into it. To 


Dr. Prieflley^a pktogiflbn (under the 
foppotjtion that is is not dxed fire, Itat 
•on element) into the phsnomena which 
we obferve in experiments, juft men- 
Ctoiiiag a few of them { for, 1 willven* 
tore to aflen, that they ' all fliew the 
liime eontrtdiftion-tn his'doArioe. And 
I could bring a ihoo<and other examples, 
ss I have before done.' At prefibt we 
will be fatisfied wHk tkemoflobvions^ 
which canndt be mifl^ken. la 'form* 
ing nitre into air, agreeable to the Doo* 
tor, the alkali muft atimfi the p|il^>^* 
ton of the nitrous acid, dcoomponnding 
at into pure air, and which alkali hit 
no attraftion for it. If he will dei^n jo 
look at the table of derive attrdfiions, 
which has been handed dowiTto us an* 
difputed, he will fee that the nitrous 
acid, and phlogifton, have the gitateft 
nttraftion for each other of anv bodies 
in nature. But, after getting all the air 
we can from the nitre, if we add freih 
nitrous acid 10 the alkaline refiduum, 
we can go on makinj; pure air, the acid 
not atraclmg phlogiiTon from the alka^ 
line refiduum, (which it is fuppofed to 
have attraAed from the alkali in the 
firfl procefi): the DoAor, however, 
knows that the nitrous acid, in the for>- 
mation of nitrous air, will attra€^ phlo- 
giflon from meuls, notwithftanding 
their earths have fo ftrong an attraAioa 
forphlogifton. But I have, in my for- 
mer publications flicwn, from the doc- 
tor's own experiments, that the alkali 
makes a part of the pure drj but, in ad- 
ding nitrous acid to metdKe bodies, ni* 
trous air is formed ; and then going on 
with 'the proccfs, by expofing them to 
he<»t, pure air is formed ; then, if it 
took phlogifton from the remaining ni- 
trous acid, the metallic earth fliould be 
again reduced 1 but it flill remains earth, 
except the earth of mercury, which will 
become meralliaed by fire alone. But^ 
as the Do£kor himi'elf fays, by adding 
frefli nitrous acid, you may go on with 
the proccfi till the earth is all confumed, 
fbrmkng the pureft air, and no nitrous 
air, then I would afli what has become 
of the phlogifton of the acid i If the ni- 
tious acid is added to the volatile oils, 
or the volatile alkali, they will generate 
what Dr. Prie(\ley calls dephlogiAicated 
nitrous air, when cxpofed to heat ; then 
the volatile oils, and volatile dkali, 
inu(i» like the fixed alkali and earth, be- 
come hxcd in the procefs, decompound* 
ing the nitrous acid of its phlogifton 1 
and tlie acid is to have no auradion for 
the alkaUne ialts or oils s an attradioa 

Fcb.1 •> NiwJtiarVGifi U Dr. PricftJy eMtlnusJ. j^f 

M to be formed iato inflaoimsble air, butthtn the water (ho(|!d prerU 
and th« ■icrmn acid it added to it and oufly faturattd with fire ia itt iau^i 
find, thcj ivill make an imnicnle rm- ^^<Ci at 'C » then prevented from uni- 
plc6oA wich-percat heat, or the rrcHpeof V»9 wish the ncid, and the fire necef. 
iA«cb a Anal fire f and the reftduum miU firy lo form it into a^r } for^ when It ia 
be wafCF, and rhe.Aiimifr aiid. The rc^vioiilf faturafed, it repeis both the. 
irethftd of mixinjer ibcoi i$ to pafe A/eand acid, necelfaiy to itt forming 
tbe iodmvablc air rhfadgh a q>iai.iiiy &(>*• And it ia from this e^ufe that 
oftbdacid. And. ifvonwalli the n'xf that fini^ular phenomenon tskes place, 
•frcr pafTin]^ it rhfuuj^h the aod, you which has greatly furprtted chemifltp, 
wiliiet thapiif% ■itrout acid from it. vis. that the calx of lead and mercury,' 
H hotb espcflAentt the acid and 'be precipitate, /^ ySr, and irinium^ 
aikali' bflcome cawdcnfed, but it i«only niuil be pretioufly expofed to the air 
fntbetancrtbit tbeyeiveotttiheirfi'i> before they will form air. Mr. Wetl- 
foTf to the former*. tbe Tol^tile alkali rurnb,immediatelv>*/rer making ihe pre* 
b«i ita fire, of' which b; it formed, not cipitau /rr/^, without its being expofedf 
let Kwfe, therefore, in firing the pore to the air after its formation, reducec^ 
air/ormed from nitre and Iriimmdible ^U but in its reduction obtained no aii; 
air, «ao ue be 'ftirprifed. if there it an from it, only a fe%v drops of water. Du* 
acid in the icfiduum ? The only differ- rmg itt caUmation it attra6Ud the fixed 
encc it, in one cafe the' nitrous ficid ^ir, and water of thepuraairi but the 
takes a part of the alkali, acd water water in the procefs of th/s calcinatiei| 
aloB^ .'With It IB Itt formation, into pure orcombuflien wat faturated with fire^ 
air« ' in one experiment there is iheiii* ^d part of it might be diffipated. But, 
troufacid^^nd alkaline air i and in the ^f expofurc to air. it tetrads watef 
other (vix. the pure air from nitre fired without this high faturation of fire. Thf 
with alkaliiA aif>, there if the nitrous condeofcd acid, the water, and tbf 
add, rbe a]);ali, and water* And the eartb of the mercury fonalng a copif 
fixed alkali will become ibe voUiile al- plete fatotatton. So when fire is Up 
kali, by fire. See Mr. LaToifier'i Diilil- ^'^^^ to tbis calx, the fire unites to the 
latioo of the ^cctite of Pot- alh. *cid and water, faturating them intp 

Now I Will alktbc author of the New pare air, and at tlie fiime tio^e gifee 
Anaval Regiftcr, to whofe doctrine be* ^^ the mercurial ca'x a fuffiqient quan«* 
longs the epithet of jit/urd/amclij f Is ^*}f of fire to reHore it to iti mctaU 
a certain junto to tyranize over chemical l>c form. And that fome part of tha 
philofophy ? If mine ^re abfurd fancies, mercury goes to the formation of the 
I wonder why Dr. Priefiley, whofe fan- A^r is certam from the tffeGt of this air 
ciei, I fuppofe, hare never been ab- when madeaH^of in refpiration s lor, if 
fuid, ihould think it worth his while to "be ever fp qt^en wa(hed in warcr, it 
adept fo many of them, and that with- Ai^f pofleflei the power of exciting lay- 
out acknowledging the fource from vation. 
which ibe^ originaie ? But, during the cakinatioa of this 

There is a pbauiomenon mentioned mercury, the water whicb it imbibes it 
by Dr.*PricfiUy, in the pamphlet * now fo heatad that it lepeU and hinders that 
under my coofideration, which be it neceflary unitrnj confequently, if liie 
unable to explain, and which muft cop- -mercviry be revived before the caljPhat 
tmue inexplicable to him riii he fairly b^<l ^ii^e to imbibe its full fatui'at.on t>f 
adopts the whole of my theory of the •'cold moHlure, aifd which -it is Come time 
acmofphcre. in doing (as appears from its growing 

In his experiments where he generates graduftfly heavier), it will in its r«duc- 
air from water, he finds the piodq^.ioa ..'>on give out only the fmall qn-intitr 
of air very tiifUog, when the vap«)ur of water it pofftfred at the conciiifion uf 
was condtnfed jn the tube without being the ptocefs of calcination. It retains 
previouily furrounded by cold wafer, the acid which afTiUs the caix in a::ra.^.t* 
Now, in rrder to generate the air, an '"g the fin- neceflary toits inetalifiation. 
a^ij, fir/j and tvattr, are all ncccL'ary, we need not be furprifed at this, fmce 

♦ riie when liril icrt loofe Jrjni its chc- J^= ^^^"J inflamnnablc air, V7hi:h is 
mical atrraetion is cafily leiycJ hy anr/.hcr - known to contiin (ixed iir, is who'.Iy 
booy at the time, fo w iitn tlu vr:poitr is con- irt^bibed in ihc rcdudlion of meiaii, anJ 
«Icr.icJ il c 2LQU{ in ih« w.iicr more eafily at* ^roni iron containing fo gre.^t a ojanMy 
tr.Mf{ktlic&c U p:u ted with. of pluaibagO| Nvhich 1 hare prjv;:^ n* 

Cent. Maoi Fihuarj, 1794* tfc 


\^i A Critiqui on Taflb queftioned.^''-'^^Mr^ Jackfon. [Feb. 

be principilly 6xed air. Therefore, 
confideringtberearguinenttyMr. Urban, 
we need not be furr^Ted at the Tapour 
of water, io Dr: Prich.e|r's experimental 
tcquirin^ condenfation in cold water. 

Dr. PrieHley alfo Bndi that copper 
vefTelt are badly calculated forprsducing 
air; and here alfo he it a-^round in 
point of explanation; but, if he will 
attend to my theory, he will find that 
the acid of the water, inftead of being 
employed in the produftion of air, will 
be attra6^ed by the copper, which it will 
form into a calx, copper being much 
more readily calcined by acids than any 
other metal. 

But flits liitle pamphfetof Dr.Prieftley'f 
contains nil) more ftrikingabfurdities; he 
even makes to be formed of the fame 
bodies (pure air aad phlogifton), and of 
the fame proponions that Mr. Cavendifh 
from bis miflaken experiments fayt that 
the nitrous acid is formed of i and that 
fire compounds and decompounds them. 
I repeat it, Mr. Urban, it is a painful 
though neceiTary talk for me thus to enu- 
merate and to refute all the celebrated 
nonfenfe of modirn chemiftrv t but it it 
a taik to vtbich I fubmit with chrarful- 
Bcfs, Itecaufe the ohje6l it great and im- 
portant. An tnTeitigacion of the true 
nature and formation of the armofphere, 
and its relatife conne£lion with the firft 
principles of aDimaUife (which, 1 flatter 
myfclf, I ha?a fairly completed), when- 
cvLt* it is properly attended to, will enable 
^hyrician& io the treatment of Tariout 
difeafcs to obviate and guard againfl the 
deviations from thofc firft principles. 
And hmce, I prefume. It is, thatfome 
•f our modem iheoriftt are beginning 
to introduce the fallacious fvftem of 
Livoiitcr into the pradicc of phytic, 
i^hich without caremon/ 1 iball take the 
earlieft opportunity to reprobate. 

RoBiRT HAxamoToif. 
P. 36. iw^z.fir^ audacious** r. ^ coura* 

P. 3S. a. 19. /tr <' preiumptttotts" r, 
M boaftiog.*^ 

P. X34. a. 518. r. «« earth or fair." 
^b.L48.r. «^hat«Mi/«rfbritsbaris" 
P. I £ 5. 1. 2 5. r.,"condenied ftate wtb. Sec.** 
P. 136. 1. i«. for " alkaU" r. «• acid," 

have been deceived bv the glare of that fo- 
reign metU; and the female mufet have 
been fmitien with it-— almoft to one. W« 
have often lamented on finding fuch coun- 
terfeit coin fo current { and wt will conti- 
nue to bear our tefttmony againft it ux^ 
we fee it, if that be poffible, retursi iiit» 

This cenfure may be Jufl with regard 
to the fa'feJSmplUiiyLof Gefner, but, ap- 
plied to the elegant, the under, the ex* 
preilive TafTo, it puzzles and confounds 
the judgement. Is it aim*d at hit Geru« 
falemme, or his leflier poems } If at the 
Gerufalemme, in what book,, in what 
ftanza, is the tim/ii to be found ?— Is it 
in the following palTage— Ermioia, con-t 
cealed in the cottage of the old (hephcrdf 
tending his flocks— 

SovenCe allor, che fu gU eftivi ardori 
Gincean k pecorelle all' ombra aflKci 
Kalla fcorza de* faggi e degli allori 
Segno I'ameto name in m'dle guife : 
£ de fuoi ftraoi ad iufelici amori 
Gli afpri fucceffi in mille ptanfe incifo: 
£ in rileggendo poi le proprie note 
Rigo di belle lasrime le goto. B. vii. it, i)* 

Full oft the mafd, when from the iiimmer's 
Her panting ewat to welcome (hades retreat. 
Prints deeply on the beech, qr laurel's bark. 
The name Mov'd, in many a fimcied mark } 
And bkis athouland wounded trees relate 
Her drange, her haplefs paffion's cruel fate : 
Then turns her eye the (ad record to view. 
Reads her own cde, and, pitying, weeps a- 

Or, in the fimltc where the furious pa- 
gan, Argames, it ready armed for com- 
bat t 

Qua! con le chiomt fangmnofe orrenda 
Splender cometa fuol per I'aria adufta, 
Che i regni muta, e i feri morbt adduce, 
Ai purpurei tiranoi infauftia luce. Sl 52* 

As when, all horrent, with his bloody hairs* 
Along the fcorchcd (kythe comet glares, 
Shidcesdowntbe/^//Mrr, the fall of ftates I 
And purple tyrants tremble at their fates ! 

If any of Mr. Urbao's learned corre- 
fpondents will inform me wherein this 
tmfcl, thus imputed to the mmM$ Itm* 
lia0f confifls, they will much gratify 

Your reader, Frances Clorinda. 

Fib, 10. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 11. 

READING this morning the Month- 
ly Review for January i794« I was 
beyond mcafure Uruck with the follow- 
ing remark, in the article <* Modern 
France, a poem, bv G. Richards." 

Mr. Urban, 

IN addition to the paragraph at the 
bottom of p. 84, it may be hut jufticc 
to rtcnrd, that ** The governor* of Up* 
piogham School, at tbeir audit io 0£^o- 
bcr 1793, unaoimoufly ordered a piece of 
plate, of the value of forty pounds, to 
be prefcnted to the Rev. Jeremiah Jack< 

'' Tijff tinfa of TstfTo, and the /W/ar •f 

Cefnerj^ feem to be ia greater eitimation than ion, M. A. vic^r of Ofpringe, in Kent, 

/fj* noillhg gold 2nd filver of Drydea and tnd f%imat\^ ic\W^ «>{ ^v. ^^Jwt^H Cc\- 

i'^c. B^em Come of c|^ fix^-r^ta poets V^ 

1 794. J FMufy 9/ Hohj.^^-^^Hfrfi'Jffiting Hufiandry. 1 39 

lugh CmMdcf t Oft Che occtfion of hit 
ipfiiif Bodct of hit itttmrioQ to refien 
b miftcfflhip of Kht fchool ; which he 
M bel4 fm MSaroiniBer 1777*' 

?• i«to eol. t. The Right Hon. Wd- 
hM SItti. aftd Chriftoplicr D*OTley» 
tt), flunW each.a fiftcr, mot daughter, 
•f dM Uce Right H<m« Haot Scanley, 

Vot ft tether sccmiftt of the ftmil? of 
B^ of Neftcfa-Ahbey, fee your VoU 
UjC ^ lift. coL »• |i. i4t col. a. Of 
the teftily %i Wyldti of the Comman- 
tef flc wofceller» fad, whh troihy to 
ht diiiofftiiwa te pcrfoaftl beauty,-- 
oftefBartea) died It lath, wuDarricd. 
Of mrof her fticcei^ 

t, (Dorothy) lived with her aont, 
isd died aiib at Bath, iiDinanitd, and 
wu horied \n the ch«irch*yard of the 
adjonttftC village of Chalcombe. 

t. (On* KadMrifie) lired for fone 
dne tmrnanied at SouthftmptoD—Mvhert 

3* (Q&* '^^) ■B'U'i^ * ihrgeoB of 
tbi BftiM of Weft. 

4. Aaocher married Lteor.^Colonel 
todyt Mill, of the dragoons, yonngeft 
hratber i» fir Richard fiiiU of Motdt. 
IbflC, CO. of SouthaoBpconi M. P. for 
this ommty, and tottr loha Hohy Mill, 
*e Rev. 8tr Hcory , and Rev. Sir Charke 
BiKll^ ftf the tame place, all foccelfively 
IftCOftcia. Oift Col. Mtll'e death, hit wi« 
diow,.it it believed, married agaio. S. J. 

Mr* UftBAN, Fib, 6. 

SOMS (uppofe, that two rows upon a 
ridge cannot pioducc fo much as 
cqvi«dmaot rows drilled at 9 inches. 

Mr. Toll dates leaving a produce of 
it ooBCes per yard, of double rows, per 
ridg^ of 3 feet 6 tocliet broad, if the 
fidget be 4 feet i inches, or 56 iDchea 
broad. In that breadth there are fix 
dfifit at 9 inches, or three double rows. 

At tkiere are 1996 ysrds of this breadth 
b one acrCf aficr dedufting head ridges, 
fuppofe the equal dilUnt rows produced 
40 buflKls per acre, dividing tne ounce 
in 40 buihels by the ^ards, the produce 
is f I per yard of the ridge, or 41 d. oz. 
per yard of the double rows. 

In icveral late publications the pro* 
duce oif horfe^hocd wheat is more. In 
the 4th volume of Bath papers is men« 
doned an inftance where a fiogle row 
prodaceu 7} oz. per yard, which is ac 
the rate of 15! oz. per double row, and 
ibis was from very (mall grain. 

1 have Irom frequent experiments bad 
upwards of 18 buihels per acre upon 
fidget of 4} feet bread, which is at the 
ratr of H ounces pec jard of deublC' 

rows.*— And I have had four fucceHtve 
crops of horfc-hoed wheat without ma- 
nure, and wirhout the crops declining. 

And befidet Mr. Tull's, who had 13 
fttcceffive crops of wlieat without ma- 
nure, there are a great many inflancet 
of faceeiRve crops that could be men* 
tioBed.<— And it is Ihewn* by undoubted 
anthonty, that the ezpence of horfe* 
hoed grain is much lefa tnan broad -caft. 
Tm Society of Arts, near thirty years 
ago, oflFeied premiums for a eomparifon 
between horic-hoing and broad-caft) 
bot I find no premiums offered for expe* 
timentt of the horfe*lK>ing iinee tnac 
time : hue, (ince the contriraooe of fome 
late drills, there have been feveral for 
equal diflant rows, which was the me* 
thod Mr. Toll firft pradifcd. And, tiosr 
that dfillt ef a better conftrttAion aro 
contrived, espeHmcnts of his other me- 
thod* of horte*hoeing might now bt 
iftore properly aeeirted. 

I wss at a lofs to find a drill machine 
for my experiments, as they jrere made 
bcfere the Ricv. Mr. Cooke and othen 
were known ; therefore I was under thai 
aeceffity to have oiie made, which wat 
far ffOA beiftg accurate ia the delivery of 

I have had the cnriofitvto look at moR 
of the laie-invemod drilfs, to (ce if they 
were a^pced or proper for hoire-hoeingi 
hftt found all I have feen were contrived 
for Mr.Tu!l*s firft method of drilling 
equi-diftant rows only. But, lately^ f 
have met with one that is adsptcd' for 
horfe>hoting two or three rows, and for 
horfcoboeiag the fpaces bctwreo the 

And a hand-hoe^ «nth which rhcy m3^r 
be hoed much more expeditiouily ttun- 
with common hoes. 

This machine is ilfo adaptedior drill- 
ing equi diAant rows at 9 inchek^ or 
oth«r diftanees, with harrows and hoes. 
To me, this machine appears the moft 
fimple, and the b.A I have met with, as 
ic anfwers for both thcfe meihods of 

1 therefore fend thefe remaiks fi>r in- 
fertiott in your Magazine, if you mav 
think proper to publifh them, for the 
information of thofe perfons wl.o may 
have a defire to make trial of the hortc- 
hoeing huibandry, (which Mr. Tull 
fays was hii fecond and bed m%:liO(i), 
that they may not experience the lame 
inconvenience I did for want of a proper 
diill, which may now be had ac bo% 
15; Wiftdmill-fircet, flay-Market. 
The Farmer's Friehd, 

[ 140 ] 



January ii, 1794. 

THE Houfe met ai two o'clock; 
when the Lord CiiHncellory at- 
tended bv the Duke of Clarence, ?he 
Duke of Poriland, Earl Spencer, £iil 
Fitz«vi'!idin, Enri M<<nifitld, and feve- 
ral ether Lord), both fpiritual and tem- 
poral, \-^er.t up rn St J <mcb'i to prefcnc 
the Add) els uf the Houfe to h» Majcfty. 

In the Commi)ns, the ftme dav, Mr. 
Serjcjn: Adair and Mr. FulUrtun wtie 
fworn in. 

A w(ic was ordered to be iffjcd for a 
new nicmbcr for New Wind lor, in the 
room of Mr. Powney, de-ceafed* 

The Ibnding orders, relative to the 
admilTinn <»f fliMng<rs, were voted. 

Lord Ciitjiitm reported the Addrefs} 
which \VH& read the firft and fecond 
time } nnd, on the queflion lor ill pac- 
ing bein^ pa(, 

Mr. Frx, cr.qniied, if it was the in- 
dention o[ gcr.tlemcn oppofice to him to 
iuhnnit tlic tre^t'es, lately cnieicd into 
with Rullia :ind Sardiniai to the par* 
fticuUr crnfi^cratioa of the Huufe ) 
which, he faid, he thought their im- 
portance icciuired. 

The Chancellor 9f thiExebiquer faidy 
that they were not intended for particu- 
lar difcuifion, but, at all meal ores of 
liic kind were legularly confidcred, in 
tiic Coranilitee of Supply. 

The leport of the Addrefs was then 
agrted to. 

Jannmry t j. 

The Duke of Norj9.k moved, that 
the <»rdcr <<f laTl r,.in-.>n, for proceeding 
. on the of Mr. HiiHings on Wcd- 
rcfdjy, be riiiohirjied, and hxcd for the 
i;:!.i of Fibru;«ry. ncxr; which, after 
io'.viC ( 01; v(.r (alien, was agreed to. 

^.^li a antcpif preparatory to a mo- 
tion for Jtc-gnizog ih? French P^e- 
puhlick, rid'lucc'l fcvtral arguments to 
prt'-ve, t;.at \vc fhou:d only delude our- 
fclvtrs if vve (upfuifcd that the lefources 
cf the French were inadequate Co cany 
en tlie wtir, as the French army was 
well fuppiitd with prov &ons, amis, 
nod cluathingj tiieir ariilkry the 6rlt 
in the uiiiverlc, and their leady-money 
jnciic tlinn th<it of all Europe put loi^c- 
tiier. lie aiivi dnw a diliii 6tion be- 
tween the ]icimdnent ^nd piovifional 
£:ffvcinnicoi of thhX kingdom i pr^iled 
f.'ie cuiiincs of the iuin,eri and laid, 
i/j£f, as Icon at the war Wd» over, ihc 

Conflitucion which the Primary Ailem- 
biics had accepted wou'J be a6ied upon^ 
and the pr fcnt pro%'ition«ry gnvcrn- 
mtnr dtlTv'Ued. At er 9 long (^-cccli, 
hit L'»i<'ihip moved, ** ihat an hun)bl9 
addrei'k be pre*'^niLd u> his M'tjeiiy, 
praying that h*v M^jc(:y jvl j)d he ^ri- 
C'.oiilv plc'fe.l (•> a-knowlcvi^c the Re- 
pU''L<ck uf Fr .net, and ihcruby lay the 
fouiidattun fur a fprcdy rect^nciiiatioOf 
and a a 'irt: p.,*ce.*' 

Lord A^tn,i'iQH was of opinion, thit 
the only anl'wvr wh ch Lnid Stir.h-^pc's 
fpccch and m.>ii<m deicived wv^t;, what 
it had uicetdy rcceivwd— .1 ioud hoii'e- 

Lord Darntfy opposed rbis motion as 
being d/iiitieious -.n iu ttn« 
dency u the pttfci c moment; and dif- 
lented altogether \v m 'he 'eniiment^ of 
the N*)ble L^rd who made the mc*tioa 
upon this fu0jc£), 

Loid i^arnuick paid Lord St m hope 
m-iny handlbme corrpl mcnt« for pri- 
fate Virtues ^*hitii he knew htm tojKif- 
fefs, but d fie red from him efTenrully 
in politic;! fentiments, and particularljf 
on this riCCilion. He Jtowed him pu^ 
(ity ot intentions; he dilclaimed ail in- 
Gnuations to the contrary ) but he nuft 
contefs his motion was, in his opinioRi 
highly improper under the circum* 
(tanccs of the prefent war. 

The motion waa ch«B put, and ne- 

Ia the Commons, tne (ame day, a 
new writ was moved for Seaford, in the 
foom- of Mr. Sargent ; and ano: her for 
\Vycombe, in the room of Sir J. jcrvis. 

Mr. Long moved, that no private 
petition be received after the 27th of 
Februaiy. Oidered. 

The Sptaker^ attended by the Mem* 
bers who were prdtnt, went up to St, 
James's with the Addrefs to the King. 

Januarf 27. 
Mr. Dundas ^ prelcnicd a mclTaj^e 
from his MMJefty, acquainting iJie 
liuulc, that he had ordeied the Uuiiing 
of the Hclliaas at the Ilk d WiPht and 
Portlmouih, on account ot lickiicfsi 
and an addrefs «>f ihankv was ordered td 
the King for the communtcation. 


January 28. 

Lord Stanhops moved, ihat the Houfe 

be fuinuioned for Fiidav, in order to 

take intg cunlidciAiion the proceedings 


P^r&ainpumy PrUetdinit of Lords and Commons for 1794. 141 

4ftd (cAttDoe of ihcXIourtof JuAici^iry 
i^. Scoth|D4« IB the mTc of Mr* Muir 1 
wbichywas agreed to* 
. r . . , 
In. the Comqioni. tbo.iktne day, Mr. 
llmid^m moweitf, chit accdvou ibould 
be Uid Wf<pra the HotiTeof thcamouiit 
of liie. ftUry or M^pff/^ or . pcofioo xwl 
Ihu lif hftlfLpAy, ,gitea IQ Sir OUbtrt 
Sllior* J« fiffciiit» a«d oiliert» com- 
^ifuMwrs <of Toulon 1 tod accoonn oC 
|bc amottttt of the •xptoc'e of tbc cm^ 

and Mr. Anflrutliers.aBd that the WA 
way of pref'ervin)> the ttfe^ of publio 
enquiry wa<, not to esert it on (light or 
Ui- founded occaliont. 

, . J^nnmrf 19. 

Lord Q^nviUe daliycied a mefagi 
from bis Miije(tf lefpc^Lipft the foreiga 
croopa landed at powci* His Lordlbip 
fiaced the necelGty of Uodiog tbem on 
nc^ount of ihcir i't^ hftltb frooi being fo 
bairof Lord Malmcflmry. to »he Court long on- board* This being read from 
pf Berlin | of <he Hoo. Mr. JSIioCf the \vooUack, the Noble Lord moved* 
Cbargd dea Ainim to the- iame Court 1 ^ that tbc ihanki 'of tha-^Qoiile - kn re* 
Bfd of iha.miAoB^ tfaa Sail of Yir- tamed to hia Majefty for bia moAfia* 
mootb to the King of Pru^ia; a'fo, of aious meflage-*' 

the amooBt paid toconnfeK iM'at. to Johq Lord LmudirdsU »tibed |o kao\v thf 
^nfirutber, cfq. Jiy the Bonrd of Con- fpenftc number of mea- 

Loid Qrovmlk rai4« be knew no mora 
ibaa what ibe mejiago aoati»iaed, 
• The motion wa« then parried* 

tronl for India afftu^; and aifo* for an 
account of the expenditure and applica- 
tion of'it,Octot. and s,oool. granted by 
an ad of left feilion to, be capended bp 
the Board of Controul in the fervice df . In- the Com mom, the fame day^ a 
lbe,Saft*India Company 1 ^bich wem fie w writ was ordered for. 9uy a iog, in 

■ w ir 

gran«ad.wtthrittt oppofiiinn. 

At the SpiAiir put the variout quef- 
tiona, a eonveriatioD took place on i&a\t 
4ired''jnid fomeincidcntal points. As 
10 the office and emoluments of a couo- 
Ic&to the Bd«ird of Coatroul, 
• Tl^ tkmmcolkr of the ExebffMtr faid, 
no furb office bad ever ex i tied. iMr. 
AaAruthcr, lodcf dy bad been confulted 
by that Bo9rd 00 various Irgai points 
that hid-arifeo, but had no appointment 
whatever fiom it. 

' Mr. An/r utbir 6tciBrc6, that, if there 
nras any luch falary or appointment, it 
Was perfect iy unknown to him» and it 
mufi be ionne other gentleman of the 
fame name who was in pofleirion of 
ihem ; fr.r, he decl<)red he was not. 
*. The Eirl of tarmputif faid, he was 
much obliged to the Hon. Gent:einan 
lor brinf(ing forward the motion re- 
fpe6)ing hinu as it cnabSed him to con* 
tradict fome gtofs mirrcprcf'cntations 
that had gone abroad. He h^d neither 
received cqup^ge, falary, nor any kind 
of peiquitite. A'i be had charged on 
Governnicnc was a few hundred pouudi, 
to indemnify himfelf for thcexpciice of 

the room of Mr. Coctia, who bas ac^i; 
cepted the Ball Hundred. 
, in a Commiuee of; Supply* MnHo* 
barc in the chair. Lord drd^m moved^ 
that 85/>oo ieameHi inoluding it,Mi\ 
marines, be granted to his Majefty for 
the fervice ofthe year. 1794. 
^ Mr. /vMT (aid^ be did avt oyean to op- 
pofc the motion, but to t»ktt the oppor- 
tunity to niake a few obfervations on a 
circumilance which nearly cuocerned 
the coainicrce of the kingdom* Wha^ 
he alluded to was, our trade bad fuffer- 
ed confMlerably in fevcral quarters for 
want of adequate convoys. The B^liic 
fleet had, on account of its convoy not 
waiting for the fleet, loft i6 or 17 fail, 
which were captured and carried into 
Horway. The Quebec f^eet had alio 
iu^ered from circ^inftances nearly fimi* 
lar, part of it being bound to Spaio and 
Portugal, as ucli a^ to Gteat JSritaio) a 
number of fhips c>f the farmer defcrsp- 
tiOQ were tak$in, a< its cunvoy was ob.i- 
gcd to feparitte from the fleet on account 
of a Ar<»ng gale of wind. The U'eit- 
India ffect tyas und^r the nccLifay of 
wait ng near three months in pott for a 

the journeys he took in foiiov^tng the xonvny} a circumflance whichobvioufly 

King of Prufha i and ail of whicii tc.l 
tvithin the extraordinaries of a MiniLicr 

Mr. Burit admitted it was the duty 
of the Houfe to watch the public purfe 
with an aniiious eye ; but thought iome 
evidence of guilt lliould tvcn (leceJe 
iufpicion, which was evideuily not tUc 
kiif ID the ialUacc of Loid YdiiavuiU 

mud have dift relied that trade. Tha; 
he had to add, with concern, to thefe 
()tra(trouk events, a vi^ualling fleet, 
which, on its return from Ireland, was 
eaptured by the French, and which waa 
how within thcr potts ^ that, confider* 
ing thcfc circumi\9kUct\VV^c v*^» ^>ix^\\- 
zed genilcmen cou\d U^ ^o evk\\^\tv»:^>| 
that this Uv\ic<iNNa\ i^^x<6t X«.\x^^ ^Y 

142 ParSamtntary PnceiJif^s ofLwdt mni dmrnotu in 1794. 

formed : ind he could not for hit part the (erviee of the year 1794* ^^^ each 

^ut mark the conduA of Minidert with man as ufual to receive 4I, per month. 

his iironft(k difapprobationy thac,'' at ■ ■ 

time when we have all the powers of H. o P ,L o R s. 

Europe for our allies, and the French JoMttsry^t, 

is the onlv power at prefeot to contend Earl SlMMh^pe^ after making feTeral 

with, we fliould lofe morcihippingy and obfervationa on the manner in which 

be lefs enabled ro prore^ them, than the trial of Mr. Muir had been eon* 

when ail the powers of £urope were in duAcd in the Court of Jufticiary ia 

combination againft us. Sorety it muft Scotlanti, moved, ** that an humbia 

argue the want of exertion in Minillers; Addrefs be prefeated to his Majeflyp 

and he hoped the Houfe would take up moft humbly to befeech him that he 

the fubjed, and make it a matter A would be |j;raciou(ly pleafed to fufpend 

diftinft difculfion. the execution of Mr. Mutr's fantencc* 

The Chtmcetkr ef thi Ex^h/qner in till their LordfliiDS hfd time to enquiie 

reply obfervcd, that what the Right into the grounds of his conyiAion.*' 

Hon. Gentleinan mentioned merited tht His Lordintp faid^ if fucceftful in this 

moft ferious conlideration. As to the motion, he would fbllow it up with a 

parsicular fa6ts alleged, he was not fo fimilar one in behalf of Mr. Palmer, 

welt informed as he could wiih s for, it William Skinring, and Maurice Mar- 

nuft be obvioos to the Committee that garoc. 

lie could not, without particular en* The motion was oppoTed by the Earl 

Sttiry, poflefs a minute information of of MmuJUU, the L§ra Chmuilhrt Lord 

II the details of trade fo extenfive and TburUWf the Duke of Nor/ofk, &c. and. 

complicated as thst of this country; •athcqueftion being called for, the HouiSs 

however, he would inftitute the moft divided, Non-contenu 49. Contents t • 

particular enquiry as feon as poflible in* ■ ■ 

to the affair. A few general obferva- In the Commons the fame day a pcti» 

tiont were all he could offer at prefent ; tion was prefented from the LordMayor, 

nnd he had no dificelty in faying it Aldermen, and Common Council of 

would appear that, at no period what* London, Acting the very great inconve- 

ever, was fo effeQual a prote6lion ex- nience and lo(s arifin|; to the public 

tended to the trade as at prefent. The from the confined paiuge of Temple« 

circumftaoces fpoken of by the Right Bar and at Snow- Hills and praying tht 

Hon. Gentleman might artfe from caufes aid cf Parliament to remore thofe ob> 

which could not be attributed to 60- ftru^ions. Ordered to lie on the table, 

ircrnment; as, the various delays on Mr. /{#/2r moved for a variety of ae- 

acoount of the fliips not being ready 1 counts 1 and, amonjg the reft, for an 

the different opinions of the feveral account of moneys iffued to defray the 

merchants as to the ftrength of the con* expcnces of the trial of Mr. Hafttngv. 

voy, proper place of rendetvout, time Jfhe order of the day being read for 

of failing, their ▼ariobs views and in* the Houfe to refolve into a committee of 

terefts, and the unforefcen and irrefifli* fupply, 

hie accidents of wind and weather. Ail The CkdM€ilhr •/ tbi ExcUqutr 

thefe fliould be fairly weighed and con- moved, that the different treaties, entesM 

fidered as moft probable caufes of the ed into between his Majelly and Fo* 

circumAances alluded to. However, reign Powers, be referred to the laid 

he would fay, that no vtffcl, which had conmitree. 

taken the advantage of the proteAion of Mr. f cur expreffcd his moft unquali- 

convoy, had been captured $ the naval ied difapprobation of the treaty with 

exertions of this country were greater Sardinia. He faid, that the compaA 

than at any former period, and attended was of fuch a nature, as that Great Bri« 

with more figHal fucceffes. tain gave every thing, and gained no* 

Admiral Gardntr faid, there had thing in return. We engaged to pay an 

been. 52 convoys appointed fince the enormous fubtidy to a prince for limply 

war ) and read 4 letter from the Matter defending his own territories ; his fitua* 

of Lloyd's Coffee Houfe, that the whole tion was fuch as he could afford thie 

of the vi6ittallers from Cork, with the country no material aiCftancc ; and for 

exception of one known to be loll, were what was the fubfidy paid ?—for doing 

fafe in England. what he muft be naturally and ftrongly 

The qucdion was then put and car- inclined to do, to defend his own poU 

ried, "that 8^,ooo /cameo, including feftions. The ftipulation, which he 

t^jiM^ mMTwcig Ibould be trnglojcdios tk^u^Vu WU^ \l^Nt l\k« VGiQ^ fatal and 

PmrtkmnUarj Pnca^gs $f Urds omJ C$mmons in 1794: 145 

bjtnicas teadcwy of the whole, wat partt of Italy, would already bare orer* 
that pare of the treaty, by which we rttn the whole country, and, aeipiiriai^ 
Mad ouHclvet mm to make peace ^hile fircagth and aodactty from tbeir fac* 
aay part of the Sardtniaa terrhoriet ccff» would be now aiaiing ^t mcirt 
waa .IB polSeSoa of the French* He daring eiterprifet. On thefe confident 
Mdced the other ftipnlatiottt, attheob- tioiii» and from a juft welUKn>ottdcd 
JigatuHi to keep a rcfpcfliahle Heet in apprehedfioa of what he etpeSed Arooa 
the Medkerraoeni hot eoMloded, at thofe who aimed at the fubverfion of alt 
the treatr was^ he aCertcdp that it wat that wat dear and eftimaUe to indiTi* 
BfiftaodfraBtof aoo,ooel. to Sardiniat duali, he gave hit afleat ^d approba- 
Md, IB Tiewisg it iB that light, he muft tion to the treaty. 
cStc kia aegattve to the ibociob for re- Mr. Orn, ia allufioB to what, had 
MrriBgktothacoaaaiittca. , been juft Aid by Mr. Ryder, whirh 

Bdr. Pmms coBtCBded that the treaty ' glanced on the coaduft of gentlemen on 
waa larawG ob priseiplea* of the moil hit fide of the Houfc, faid, that what* 
profoDBd aaf aecaflary policy 1 itt ftU ever their opiniod on . the propriety or 
polatioot were of the ume nature at aeceffity of enteriag on a itar with 
diole ip»ie with Sardinia ioQyeenAnn't France might be, and it rtmaincd Ao 
wart, and that at Wormt in the year fame, he wat convinced that every aid 
s'743, ky thole able and moft upright that could ftrengtbcn and invigorate the 
ftatcfoieB. Newcaftle, Montague, Dor« handt of Government, when a war waa 
let, and Pelhanif namet long endeartd once entered on, wat given. But,. with, 
to th«r country* Thit treaty it to form refpe&to the treaty bow under con(i« 
n partof that general confederacy, which deration, he thought it not onfy ini^ni* 
It coapeilad to unite in defence of itt - tout apid unjuft, but would afTert it waa 
dvil and religiotta eftablilhmentt | and abfurd and impolitic In reference to 
In wkick it it juft, it b politic, that thetreatiet of 1703 and 1743, hedm^ 
the ftronger frould aid and proteft the tended, that diftertnt circurafiaacetf 
wealLer fbtet. It it to cement that and different confiderationt, reader^ 
unions which it threatened with diflb- every comparifon unfit and ioipplicable. 
lution by men— barbariant-^civiiiaed The queflioo before them now wat, not 
only in their vlcet— I know not by what . whether the ioo,oool. had been given aa 
BametodciCtribefuch monflert.^ It it a a hire, or at a boon to animate thoie 
treaty which bat not for itt ohjtBt the effeminate Sardinians in defence of their 
defence^ the prefcrvation, of this or that own teriitory; 6at whether a treaty, 
particular ftatc, but of the civil and re- which went to fuch an extravagant length 
ligiout eftablifliroents of^ all; and. as at the treaty now before them, was fuch 
fuch, he would give it it hearty afleni as expediency, er found policy, could 
and approbation. difiate to any fet of men employed in 

Mr. Rjdtr exprcfled his furprlfe, that the fervice of their country, 
centlemen on the other fide of the Mr. d^ireiagp agreed with MefTrs. Rv 
Houfe ihonid never once have perufcd der andPowys, iohis obfcrvacioobootlie . 
the treaties made in the wars of Queen Treaties of 1703 and 1743. But, in 
Anne and George the Second; they confidering the fubjefl, he faid,- that the 
leemed to have no more knowled^of Treaty of 1758, made with the King of 
them than if they never cxifted. The Pruflia, was, of all others, mod to the 
epithetl which thofe gentlemen had purpofe, and exa6ily in point ; wherein 
poured out in fuch profufions, and 670,000 /. had been graned, as a fubfuly 
among which were thofe of iniquitous to his Pruflian Majefty, for the puipofie 
and uitjufi^ could never furely have of defending hit own dominions, and 
fuggefted themfclves on a fair coniidera- contributing to the adjufting of the ba« 
tion of this treaty. For, what would lance of Europe* This grant wis not 
have been the confcquence of a negle6k, then conlidered as wrung, by grinding 
what the impolicy of not entering on a oppiedion, from the labours of tne poor, 
treaty with bii Sardinian M;)jcfly? When but was readily paifsd, and cheerfully 
gentlemen commented on this treaty, acquiefced in, by ihc whole b.^dy ot tbe 
they (hould take into their view what nation. If then this Treaty had nut 
would be the afpefl of affairs now, if the with fo little oppoiition, whicli had for 
S^irdinians were not aided, he would its obja£k the arrangement of the thea 
add, animated on to a vig9rous refift* political Rate of Euxoy&« W>9; \\\mO^V\,«» 
ance and paiticipation in the common ihoulU i\\e prtUt\x T\c^x>^ ^ >n\\\Oc!w ^^^^'^ 
caufe. The French, p€ihnp%j ia pof« a c«'fl\«:at to iW Ot^^^ Cvit^^^'^^'^'^-"^* 
UttBca of all tbe fertile and nonhciix mtti, \v\v*uY\V*s» ^4>t Vx.-i ^v%\.^v OoVei 

■ _ a . 

144 Parliamentary Procadtngs of Lords and Commons in 1 794. 

not only the political ailjuftment of £u- 
rnpsy but the « cry cxiHencc of the reli- 
gion, the morality, the laws, the lii>cr- 
tics, rnd prcfrrvatioD, of the whole fyi- 
trro of the world! Ir roiv bs fupjic:l- 
cd, by thofe who are po(Tc(Tcd of iogc- 
nuity to addrrfs our nafon. without c«'n- 
vinciog our hearts, cr pri'fuading our 
feeIiDg:$, that the Frenoh aie drhfin to 
their prefent Hate of dcfpeiHiion ; that 
their moody and mifchievous infaDity is 
the refult of provocanoo from without, 
and treachery at home. No matter from 
what caufe their madness fpnngs :— as 
wild beaftif they piefent thtrmfe'vcs to 
us*— as wild beads vvc ibouM treat them* 
Let theoi wear their garlands of ilraw ; 
let them drefs up their llrumpets in 
leaves of oak, and nickname their ca- 
lendar; let them play thoi'e pranks ^t 
home, and we (hall be but merry fpec- 
tators !— but let them not carry their in* 
fanity abroad. It matters not what apo- 
logiis may be made for a madman, or a 
1unanc-«the foft whifperings cf comp^if- 
fion for his cafe, the affliction ^vi-.h which 
lie is overwhelmed, or the unavoidable 
calamity to which he muft fuhmii— 9rc 
infuHicient excufes why he flioutd not he 
t-tdra ned and kept within lxf.>ndb.— 
Thofc are wholeiome reOraints ; ,ar.(| 
fclf-ptcfetvaticn calls upon us to infl 61 
them on him. But (hould rur fc^r.v be 
excited, and (hould ive f>e rold t'nac their 
p.'uci is already formicl^hle, kt \x\> rc- 
inemher, thar power is uimatura! which, 
confum'ng irs own fticngth and vitals, 
nufl he daily impaired, and fmiHv ^all 
in decay. It can iurelv be no invidious 
lUiion ifor thofe who, fubmiitiug \o lltrn 
or imp rious comminds, can give the 
Icail countenance to any thing like a 
treaty rf }'c?.cc and intcicourfs with this 
d-'ud-d and unhappy peopir, thereby 
hcMinij « u: falfe and cnf».,irlnt» hopes, 
i.n.l tlnir;l»v poifonin^ the n;inds of 
ti^urtivfTif n. The prefcii: fruation is 
y.'x !. («v tluy ; tV.t pr.'lrc^'f <:J the TuiU'c 
liiit vvoife. Hence il.c t.iKc fui'ii'tnon 
of ti«'' (IcluHvc li.pL ot pcicc. lijiuith 
v.h'^ni is this p*. »cc :o he Ui^.d. , c." 'a 
v.liiC i^ .^nrr is ihc p'."?n fo hj juiiut.l 
a'u! .'iC-OMii'ifiiiici r bliair v^e adiirtl-* 
111''. !ic«» to G^.Trcic, to Danton, to 
Crv'-oM, rr •() R ;!vr'|:ien t *— No : Ji r 
V. c ;»ic :o''J i: i- ih; {X.twrs ilui laii^b -rd 
Ij^i'io d-o ilicir j^iyxAti ;' a' '.I, wnn the 
lioiin fui>ri(!«;s, liifir p'-Acr v.'ill tall 
pwrs;. Shall \\'t dttn'^riviiof l\\r.\.\ t.i 
V fb:JiJ thtir fiercer, r; n / reim.i.^a* »■ t f 
pc-;cc .i They iiiU tell jj> (;;c aio!c ui~ 

the extent of the'u territory, or fjr the 
(ecuricv of their commerce, in which 
the ceHTion of an iflaad, the wirhdiawiniiy 
of our troops, or the giving up to t^crn 
this or that panicular branch >)f trade, 
would fatisfy tiiem } hist it is a war thit 
rprings.up in their perrtil'e and mon-. 
Arous decrees, and which fays, ** Give 
us up your conflituciun ; furrender us 
that, and wo have done." For, v;hile 
our conftitution lads, n<fver can true rc- 
conciiemen' grow between us and ihem. 
It is our contiitution, our religion, and 
laws, a^ainfl which thcv are wag*''>i^ in- 
expiable war, and which they h'>p::d ul- 
timately to fubdue. He had no: the li.*ll 
moment, tliercfore, of h'Tration, in gi* 
ving h's full, his hcany, ai.ri unc^'s-v*.- 
cal, afTent to tl»e refcrrini; of the Treaty 
to the Comntiuee of Supply. 

Ml. Stanley was for ihr motion. 

Mr. Aider man Nexvttbcm confeflVd, 
that he was of the dtrcripr:-r. of thofc 
who had been caWal ji/artij/is i that is, 
he had felt hinifclf alarmed at fome late 
cranfa£lions. He was n^t in ihe Hi ufe 
when his Majcfty's mclfage rebtirc to 
the Hcffians was prefented, or he fbould 
heartily hare joined in the AJ(i:\fs of 
Thanks. He even wiHied more of them 
were Unded, who took it f r j»rauicd, 
they came to proted the kingdom. He 
approved of the war, and l.vid a few 
words in fupport ol it. 

The Houiu ihcn went in?o a Commit- 
tee of Supply, Mr. Robart in the '^" .. r. 
An»ong other votes Wiis th«tof 200,000.. 
10 enahle his Majcftv to mnke j;v> )d Ins 
.en<^agement: with the ot batJini... 
When the que (lion was pu^, that the 
report he received on Mordav. 

The Cbatuellor of tbt Excbegnfr in- 
formed tiie Uouf-*, that he inte.'ded on 
that night to llaic fome circumiUnccs re- 
lative lo ti:e piopofed loan, but that he 
was induced to poftpone th^ communica* 
t:on, on accr-unt of a circumlUncc which 
had jurt hctu related to him. It was, 
that the French Convention had very re- 
cently palfcu a Jecrtc, by which all the 
properly of native? in foicign funds, and 
piiiicuiarly of this country, and all bills 
of exchange oa the fame, lud Itci put 
in a f'areo: rcquifition, ih..t is, tha: tScy 
fliould 1;£ delivered up to the t;o-. iro- 
iiK-r: of tiiac country, ^nd that ihc l:o](i- 
crn 11 <.u^,^ ia*\e alTij^nats a: par in rtfiuin; 
il:e ;! hud mr.dc lome aUeVirion in his 
fwntiincnti iwrpctrinv; the loanj he would move, th»a the report ot the 
C(J^^.u^'vatc v.f Supply fiiould be received 

{T<i\f'. cinttftucd) 

allwhichhiTcin Dr, Ssjnd othettriti- 
c»\ eies, their errirs incl impcrfcflions. 
Dr. S. i. liiiTit£lf>w«eo( ihiiobjeaiou. 
" L« rot," fill-!, lit, " tlie hllidious 
nulcr conridcr [licfc ini 

on. Itti 

Min they do not Ciintjin any poiots of 
dofl[ji)e,or iny rcgutaiions for our moril 
toD(lu£),; but no virGun cin he pttfeilly 
deir aod correct iinlcis i due rc^ird be 
li«d to fuch minute piriicutiib." The 
qnellioti is ilurefore leducul to^hc point 
oStUarMtfi and carttaatji. It ihis be 
ill thjt <. ntcellj.v. it i. hiidly worth 
(he rout thit ii made ^ijuui it. Wlicthcr 
vc <ball uie the woids trdait, /-,>«., 
appBiMt, ort/nrtt, in i Cor. ni. 17. (.^kr. 
(/.rf*. iniifl,//, or/in( *;,, ILuii. li. j. 

tnurdtrftindjngwhaijiiy olilitft words 
Ditin. 1 Coi. jv. 4. j,vt cjiuiut hdp 
lhinkingmiKl>ll."t l,rtn, ttd" lam 
W'">of noUnng [v,„M.,Mr,v<o,.. 
iU^.'^ iCor v...3,,li=Doil<,rackt.ow- 
ledgct puEEltsliir;. jrd all irinn ■V'ts. 
£>cn [he pcnti.J i-urpiri i f ijit tenn 

caie, p. 14.] underfland ihii /trtvenl 
itiifaribir hive the fame meaning, Ja 
I Thetr. jv. 15, ii niighi he enpliinni bv 
the vulpar pliijfe, be b'hreknnii •uiif.. 
Mr. Wakefitid f.ems coo m^ich t,-, play 
on ihe Woids /^rviniemus a»d pri\<^s\- 
emuj, and, by omitting ad jfitr ilic 
former (which we deem a presi omif- 
fion) hak rendered the lenfe obfcure. 

/*/ divit clearly meini hi. iri<ni ; \. t. 
prldt, o-hich O(ci.rionid bii h\i ; Jnd ihe 
jTnari 0/ ibt arvil in the ntxt veria may 
be his temp:. , [ion. 

1 Tim, ii. 4. who If.-;.'! that all mm 
he fjvcdi an.l, in the colkcl f. r tc'li 
■Sunday atier T.iniiv, " ^. ;„.'„•> r [-zie 
done" ,i etiuivJeii; ij " ■u.i/.Y// il.^uld 
be done." I. ThelL 1,4, ■• Kn.ivlnir, 
brethren beloved, yimrilti'lion /t'^'vi '■' 
^^Aasvi.5,. .' A.yuVM t-i„.r.,l,d, 

lo^atiielv. I ut lof'eu'a. 

I PutV, iii. 10. ■* Uirtd by warn" ii 
ftriflly ..ue , f r. even th. e^t(oiv<. *\^^ 
Wttc in iU« .itk weic \ivti \i-i tmvv.^. 

14^ Review of Niw PuiUcations. [Feb. 

rounded them. The paHTige from Xc- Rev. iii. 21. Whether wc confide r the 

nophon is m#rc appofue than that from anticnt like the modern thrones, havingf 

A6ls xxiii. 14. for Its is feparated from elbows like armed chairs, or like the old 

9-i7uarfAiyct, znd (hews ibrougb w\\3it d^ri' curulc chairs; in either cafe the party 

gers they efcaped fafe : whereas Paul ffcated on them w^s inclofcd in them. Ant 

was merely conveyed fafc to Felix. fit ti9<wn is tmfiatecJ, 

CoUeft, St. Thomas's day. ** Doubt- Rev. xir. 1. If it be correft to fay im 

f ul in [the matter or article of] thy the face, why not in the jorehead f 

fon's refurre6tion." It feems an hypercriticifm to ohjcft t« 

I Cor. xiii. 7. •* for, I do pafs through " the »«/,' as oppofcd to the other*** 

Macedonia;'* am to pafsy am abcut, or Philip, i. 15. 

goinf?, ''o pa^s. Rev. xx. 13. " They were judged, 

Eph iii. 17. " Be ye not unwife, but ever^ man, &c." means indiv/Uualfyp 

[be ye] undertUnding." The participle per fi. 

is here ufcd adje£tively. Rev. xxii. 2. In Bowyci-'s New Tc- 

I Per. i. 20. «* Who verily was /onr- ftamcnr, 1763, it is •►?»t/0M <) EKBIGEN. 

ordained" will certainly be better com- Here and tbirf, 

prehendcd by a common reader than ^ Xhelf. ii. 7. fiowi ualix'^f apn w^ 

friord^^^td. 1. t-u o j r •* f**''*' yi»i|lcei, can never be rendered, 
Heb. xif. [xui.] 20. * The God of « ^^^ ^„j|| j^^ ^^^ ^^^ reftraincth, or 
peace, who brought agatn from the dead hindrcth. be taken away - The context 
our Lord Jefus, that great fkcpherd of fl,^^, ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^j^^^y of iniquity i» 
the (hcep. through the blood of the eter- a bnly he who now lettcth. until he be 
laning coveaaoi." Dr. &. would read, ^,|,en out of the way/' mil let is re 
" that fliepherd of the (hwft m;/» bewbo dundant. Whoever attentively perufes 
Wfli^rr^/ by the bloodof theeverlaai.-g ^^4^ chapter, from v. 3. to v. laf how- 
covenant J/ which, to fay the Icaft, IS 1 ^^^^ it has been hitherto applied to Anti- 
very forced conftruQioD, and not fup. ^j^^ift at Rpme, will fiad a refemblancc 
ported by the Greek, which wrtild have ^^ ^^^ p^^,^„, f^^^^ i„ j..^,„^ ,^ ^^ong 
put fMiVav after not before i» «if«al*s but, .^d unequivocal for us here to enlarge 
when he adds <' to bring ^tffif from the ^jpon. 

dead, intimate* that our blelfed Lord had ^ Oor. vili. 1 5. « coHjldering ye your- 

been brought before from the dead," and fdves arc wile." 

that ** rofe tf^aiw from the deady in the Qal, v. lo. " will be «<? otherwife 


cr«d, IS equally exception.ble , how winded." Tl,e Greek \% .«teN, not 
does he under itand the word A/iurrecl ion, 

which, according to his idea, muft imply -. . * , ^ % . . 

tficoHdrijingft Eph. f.5. »Xfo»whi,-«,- in»«««XoX«.fiic 

It feems almoft impofliblc that dfmmen ^ "f ^5'' "*^*"» " ? ?™« ?^ ['^''^ ^"^»^'- 

readers ftould miftakc the meaning of nate doure$ as an idolucr 11.' 

a/fo, fituatc at it is in Rom. i. 24, xi. 21. « '^^^^' 3» 4» 5» nofWi», «r«ii;of, and 

2 Cor. iii. 5, and in the firing of texts, vadiifTri^lAioffecm to confine the apoftlc's 

p. 45, 46; or of an/y, A6ts viii. 16. advice to his convert! to content them. 

Philip i. 27. howcyer it may di%lea(c a felvcs with onts wifcf or the moderate 

eritUal reader. ufe of one vvife, in oppofition to forni- 

The fame, perhaps may be faid of cation ai^ immoderate defires, which was 

touched njuttb a feeiing, indj^mpatbi/big. the pra£tice and reproach of the heathens. 

Heb. i v. 15. James i. ai. Ht^ivo^ca can never be 

2 Cor. xi. 2. ©ftt ^iiA» is perhaps a every decree but exeefi^ and here «m(» 

divine jeuloufy, refening to the perUin is evtl or wckedmifi, 

to whom St. Paul wiihed to prefent his Dr. S. is afraid the commoM people 

virgins. ihould midake the I'enfe oi pitiful and of 

Eph. V. 33. " ard Ut the wife fee." e/chew, 1 Pet. iii. ii. or that believeik 

I ThelT. V. 2. " comcih/? as" 01 as i «#/ means an unbeliever, i Cor. vii. 12. 

but «dA>c cannot be tranflated fiMv, or '* it If fuch words as nvealtb, do you to 

coming.'** ^BOtt, are become obfolete in London 

Rev. i. 12. To fee a voice is not more and Weflminner, they retain their o#- 

extraordinary than BABHEIN Tfl» ^vmv; ginal fignification in the p-^ovinccs. 

nor is difiovering a vokc lefs extraordi- W'e doubt whether this kind of words 

u^ry tUn feeing it. Ifhat then is to l)c >s lo antiquated among the common people 

tJonc in this CM fc, excopt to /upply, «• 10 ** ^* apprehends; and whether feriuus 

lie iv/^ff ur///g^thc rvkc, Ac. ?'* »uids, wVi^ VxMt V>tcu\^u^Va%b[c habit 


which 1! Jetus Chrift, *c." 

We truft the Iciincd ProfelTor, who 
hu tnrncil lui thoughci from hit ofiiciil 
bufinefs, eoofidering wndtrn hifi»rj loo 
much 1 lield of blooil for him to wide 
/. throuEh i and, \.a borrow in iltufioa lo 
•at of the (cxK which he hat illDilraced, 
the ** wiac-prefi is fa iroddcn ihat blood 


York, 1691, died I7t]>i4. 
Gcom Hooper, bilhop of Si. Alaph 

andof Buh and Wcth, died 17*7. 
George Stinhope, died 1 717-g, 
Eliii Sydill, bidiop of St. Djiid'i and 

GloucellEr, died 17]]. 

:h, died 17(0. 



iobn Poller, died ino. 




Rrtfiifv o/NiW Publications* 

ToV.n Mbore, •rchbtibop of Canter - 

I lines ComwalliSy bifliop of Lichfield 
anrt Coventrv. 

G forge Hdroe, bi(bop of Norwich^ 
died 1792*. 

William Bulirr, bifliop of Exeter. 

Folliott- Herbert- Walker Comewillf 
twenty-third and pTefentdean. 

The catalogue of the MSS. in the 
ch'jrch library is an ioterefliDg piece to 
Engliih antiquaries^ and we could point 
out to Mr. Todd feveraf morfels in it 
which he might publifli to advantage. 

13. The Nev Lwdon Medical ymnuJ. 

THE world is in6nitely indebted to 
the editors of the " New London Me- 
dical Journal" for continuing ■ work 
uhich offprs the moi^ pleafing profpe6t 
of aclding a niaterial Aock to the prefent 
rapid (Itte of improvement in every 
bianch of phyfic and furgery ; and it is to 
be hoped tney will meet with that encou- 
ragement, 'in the profecution of their 
plan^ which will enable them to perfeverc 
in their labo.urs with afliduity and atten- 
tion : we (ball notice the valuable ac« 
quifition the editors have obtained in the 
celebrated DoAor Cullen's clinical lec- 
tures delivered at Edinburgh in the year 
I755>6. The number now l)efore ut 
conuins a part of thefe lectures, and is 
confined to the illnflration of nrrvous 
diforders and the nervous fyllem, which 
delineate in the ftrongeft colours the vi- 
gour of the profeflbr's mind, the unlimited 
firength of his underflandine* . and his 
cxtenfive attainments in ph)(ical know- 
ledge. He divides nervous diforders into 
the fo' lowing heads x 

' Tenfion and Laxity 

^yfteria and Hypochondriafis 
- ' ■ ' plethoiica fimplex 

plethorica a menfibus rctcntif 
vel fiippreifts 

■ libidinofa 

Foeminarum fteriliutn 

• Chlorotica 

■ » ab inanitione 
Hypochondriafis congenita 

■ 'a Pathemate 



bus guibufdam 

a Studio nimio 

a Venere nimia 

ah inanitione 



a fuppreifis evacuati*- 

* Afr. T, gratefully acknowledges hit 
pMtroms^ even from bis ehiidbood. 

Hypochondriafis a repiilfis 

■ . a febre intermittente 

' " ■ internipta 
■ Arthritica 

'■ ' Nephrittca 

After dating the mod accurate de- 
fcription of the fevejal divifions of thefe 
complaints^ he gives us the moft cational 
and probable means of cure ; and we (hall 
be happy 10 notices continuation of thefe 
k&ures in the fubfequent numbers of 
this work. 

Jl Cmfi in MUwiftfy. B9 Mr. Tho- 
iDa<i Outhwaiie. ^ 

This (hort |iaper contains a preter- 
natural cafe, in Midwifery, which but 
feldom occurs t tlie mthaU body 9/ tU 
figius being protruded through the Os 
Ex'einum, in a rounded form, atone and 
the fame time. 

Am Aupiint oflbt Epidtrnk InJlutUKa^ 
nvbub Notttnghamfliire mnd 
moft etbir pmris of ibt bin^dm in the 
latter months ofi'^z. ' Bj Mr. B. Hut- 
chinfon, SMrgion, Southwell, Notting- 

This paper contains an ingenious and 
well-written defcription of this difeafe. 
The author ftates an accurate account of 
the nature, caufes, and fvmptoms of this 
epidtmic : he attributes its appearance in 
the latter end of the year to the uacom- 
monly moift and heavy temperature of 
the air during the laft fommer, in oppo- 
iition to the celebrated Sir John Pring4e*s 
fuppofition» that the fenfible mialities of 
the air have no fiiare in produciog the 
Influenza. Mr. Hntchinfon's paper is 
an intcrefting one, and for which the 
faculty ought'to elleem ihcmfelves oh- 
liged to hiHi. The fame Author has 
favoured this number of the new London 
Medical Journal with the two following 

A Cafo ofPfirm, or Itch, in which it 
mbpinn that Mtrcury is not a Specific in 
that ContpUtint, 

There is a great degree of plaufibility 
in this paper," wherein 'the author pro- » 
duces a cafe in which Mercury is proved 
to be ine&acious; for, as Or, l*ringJe 
juftly oWcrres, uniefs a mercurial un6^ion 
were to touch every pari of the Ikin, 
there can be no certainty of fuccefs ) 
whereas, by a fulphureous one, a cure 
may be obtained by only a partial unc- 
tion I the animalcula, Ike other infe^b, 
being killed by the fulphureous fteims 
which exhale by the hc^t of the body. 

Gh/JFTtfOtions on the f{ydropbohia. 

This paper is intended evidently to 

Obfervationi I mjy make, ai rrmli ar.a PiuPe. ' 

iDform»ito.i irc our general ohjt-^i inj, ' unJerdood St. Mithiel Royal to be 

while fiee dilculTicin anu lilnal clilqui. in '!'■: tltattand cliapter of Canteibuiy j 

fi'ioo are ihe groond-wotk of O'-r inier- ''■'^ 1'^^* 9**- 

CDuHe, !lh4U<n.J"vourtom»ii.;ainil,jt f- 5VO- I' miKht hive been mentioned 
' undouriDapoliKnefs, which, as o.-ieof ^^" 'he paToni of St. Care, Harc- 
jour enlertiining toriefponJcnls • well Hreer.are ttufteeiof Sir Andrew Riccard. 
ot.f(V«e», 'oughtalwi.siolotmihcbjru ' undeifiind St, hwe ' 
oi anunymaut commiinirjLioii^.'' tieen Jo the fame lituatiOD with $[. Mar- 
The Public ate ohiigcd to Mr Eicon K*r" Paitcns; that is, that the couit of 
for hit curious c<'|)V ot the Kiug'c writ Ma^or lad Aldermen, induf M«)Of and 
and Innruaiom, ami of me prtface to Commoti Council, wtrc pitroni alter- 
the rcturni, in tiie rifloTtAaio/ of the "s^lyi laft tuto, ioihe Common Council 
book,f..rArdibiai(ipS^'cker'.d.reaions '•>•"' '■"« ^'^°" '75S= l>ut 'hit hoth 
whs f.iffraaan bilhop!, a|.ptndix, N... i, '•"I* Mwg% »re Oicd for the future ia 
■ndfor his two excellent indeiesi as ate Wl: court of Common Council only. 
■ ill the parties any way cncern.u fjr the P-S?'- AllhallowsStaiwBg IS nofint- 
fornn, precr.-denl5, &c. in the appcndiii I ^^'^^ 

could have wilhcd Mr. Bawn had lieeo *^- 575- How cime the biftop to pre. 

fometimismoreexphcit iii felprfl to finne ^'^"^ '■° Icktin'm m '747 ' I apprehend 

of the prefeoiaiioo^, as, ror inHioee, in ''^'= P^'tron to bo Michael Shorediichc, 

Rienlioning when ihc kmg prerco^td only ^''1' 

(B" »r*rii»fl(m), oran archbiUiouai an US- The patron of St. Gcorpe, Han- 

•' ' *^ ""^r-Iquirr, i) the BiDiop of London j 

■ TheUie David Wc!lf,=f,|.CviJ.LVI.p, >^'^'" ^^< *^'"?. V^^e'-W. W t:VWTi^\-\>w. 
fflj.) uiuier ibe agojiaru of oljir.iHir. t- h.V.jurt Jt«'i>5«W. 



lirview of New Puhricatlons. 


The lorJ of the manor of Hampflcad is 
Sir ThoDus Spencer Wiifon, Bare, jure 

The dean and chapter of St. Paul's are 
patrons cf St. Luke, Old-ftreec. 

5S1. I undcrflood Laleham to be in 
the gift of the Earl of Lonfdale. 

I belitre there is no fuch building ex- 
ifling as Mufwell Hill chapel. 

582. The church of Faddiogton is de- 
^rcated to St. James. 

P. 607. The donatife of Hedniogham 
ad Caflrum, vul^. Caftle Hediogham, is 
BOW in Lewis Majeodic, Ktq, jure uxor ii, 

P. 717. King's College, Cavibridge, 
prefented to Hempftead with Leffioghim 
in 1784 or 1785. 

P. 954. There is the parifli-church of 
Sr. Thomas in Sooth wtrJCy which 1 un- 
^erAand to be a re^oryt and the chapel 
of St. Thoinas's hofpital, to both which 
the governors of the hofpitil prefent : 
they elected a rcdor, s6 June, 17831 and 
a hofpitaller (as the chaplain is Ay led), 
a8 May, 177? 5 24 January, 1783; 26 
July, 1786. There is alfo a chapel in 
Guy's hofpital. 

P. 1288. Under the head of '* Other 
perfons qualified to purchafe licence, &ۥ" 
IVlr. Bacon has followed £don in what I 
conceive to be a blunder, probably origi* 
sally a typographical error : fliould not 
the firft word of the third line be-i^/ziv, 
ioltead of King f for, ** all otiier the 
King'% chaplains'* are mcntioaed in the 
preceding line. 

15. Ah Wftory rf the Manor oful MMmr^heiz/e 
tJ South Winfield, in Derbyihire. hy 
Tlionnas Blore, of the Middle Temple, mnd 
F. S. A. JBeiug No. Ill •/ jIfCiquities (in 
€^ntinuaii$n of the Bih/tothtca Topogra^biea 

Mr. B. having an intention of com- 
piling the Hidory and Antiquities of the 
County of DERBY, of which, hitherto, 
very little notice has been taken by to- 
pographers, has iiTued this fpecimen of 
his labours, and infcribed it to the earl of 
Le'tctfltr^ prcGdent of the fociety of 
London ; his lordfhip's anccftors, the 
Peverells, having held the manor 
from the Conqutft till the forfeiture of 
it to the c^own to Henry VIIL by 
the third William P. for poifoning the 
carl of ChcAer. His daughter married 
Robert de Ferrars the younger, earl of 
Derliy, and conveyed fomc of the family 
property to him : but this manor was 
held of the 'Peverell barony by the fa- 
tnily of Heri2, t;)J one of them con- 
rcytrd ic to thac of Bblbr In the reign 
of Edward JIL An htir general of them 

carried it to the SwiLL^YNCTONS, who 
licld it till the rtikn of Heary VL and, 
af'ier the death of the iall nialc heir, it 
dcfcended to Ralph Cromwell, lord 
Cromwell of Tatcfhale, and ireafurcr of 
England, founder of TatcD.ale college, 
where he was buried 1455 > having liuilt 
much here, and adorned the houfe with 
his tieafurci*s purl«, ftill to he fecn about 
it. He fold the revcrfion to John Tal- 
BOT, fecond tarl of SllRBWsauRY, 
from whom a ihare of it pafl, by a frmale 
heir, to the family of Saville; and an- 
other iharc wa«; Ibid by George T, duke 
of Shrewsbury, to Mr. Leacioft, of 
Wirkfworth, who left it to his two 
veujDger Tons,' whofe ihare is now poffcfl 
by his grandfnn ; as is another part by 
Mr. Halton, whofe defcendant is pre- 
prietor of the manfion-houfc, which, on 
his building a new one on another fite, 
has gradualnr dilapidated; though enough 
remains to let forth its aotient magnifi- 
cence, expreft in three views diawn by 
i. Gamble, jun. engraved by R. W. 
afire; and a fourth copied bv Raven* 
bill from an old patoting. In this houfe 
Mary, queen of Scots, was confined fix 
years in the ruftody of the earl of Shrewf- 
Dury, from 1578 to 1584, or at ieaft 
removed during that time to his different 
rcfidences; and it was damaged and taken 
by the parliament forces in the civil war. 
Mr. B. has done juflice to his Tub- 
fcribers by an ample detail of particulars 
and authorities. There are added a plate 
of feals and two of nedigieev, but lo de* 
fcription of the part/k^churcbm \ 

l^ Om Wet DecJksf ^autj^s, and Wsrehoufm^ 
for the Pert ttf L$nlel9m: with Hinti rt* 
ffeBimg Trade, 

THESE obfervations were drawn up 
for private communication, and printed 
for private circulation, to remove pre* 
judices, and unite great trading and com- 
mercial intereds in an application to par- 
liament for the creation of docks, as 
one of the heft fecurities and encourage- 
ment to our commerce, and profpcrity to 
our country. They coniift of gcoeral 
hints ; a plan for wet docks for lo«de4 
ihipsj genera] advanuseas necedicy of 
an txtenfion of the legaTquaysi oppofxte 
claims and compenfations; cuftoms and 
excife; funds ior making docks; ge- 
neral obfervations and hints on the cx- 
tenfion of corooDercei ftatemcnis from 
authentic documents of the commerce of 
London and England ; revenue, ftip. 
ping, Weft India trade, combinaiion;, 
ihip ani 4oc\k. d\xuu |L\\iv9Uvw>V«^ 

4 v-^^ 

ti. TttJt Ajfat Sttim<a, hy R. VMpjr, D. D. 
F. A. S. iMihnkd at iht Riip-tjl tf lit 
High Si,r:f ami Crw^d "Jury •.{ tht Catnly 

^ Berks. 

THE 6Tfl of ihefc reimons wa; primed 
II March, 1791. The notes and appcn- 
&f were written in Apiil. " Domtfiie 
Miinict and niiifonunci hive pieienied 
Uk pnbUcicioD of ihe w»ik till thii tioK. 
Sir Naihaoiel Grolc't cxcellrni charge 
wat preienlcft liy an iccidcm liom bting 
pTiDied. Circ urn nance! hare thiDgro, 
buE whether that change hat juditifU or 
confuted the conjtflutes contained la 
ihem, ihe reader Diuft determine." The 
luibor ii rf Ptm&rokc College, Oxford ; 
icaor of Siradithill, SutFolk ; aod miHcr 
of Reading leliool. The lirll fermon 
treats OD the ptogrcfs of tnoialitv, rtli- 

t, Hcb 

" Let u 

• The anfwer to this pitnphlei, which we 
aftrtbed (o Mr. Knifitian, hasjuit been pub- 
CBied with his asaie. Tbe Uae came of 

We are of opinion the perulal of thic 
pul>tlcation will alford much Hici-ifaEtioii, 
and ifaat the Do£lor ii entitled to gcneial 
thanki for hii auetition to the cItjI and 
reiigiout iotcieda of his countiymin ». 

19. Thi Ufr -f Robert GroITelefle, iht wt- 
htmrd E:Jtif af LiiicoJii, hy SaiBuel Pegte, 
LL- D. I'^theniUry uf Louth m rial f.'furrij 

an Af^ndiXt 

\WWW renewed pleafure we agaii 
meet our worthy old friend and cor- 
-refpondeni ilfuing from the prefs, in tlie 
vigour of advanced age, with ao hiltaii- 
cii i^oik compiled in the vigour of mid- 
dle life. Hit own accaum oi ibem is 
his dcdicaiion tnthe prefent bifhnp, dcio 
and chipierof Lincoln, will be the bell: 
•' Thcfc hilloiieal colleaions telaiive ta 
the life and chirii£)cT of a prcbte not tbe 
mu'tilludrous by biith, Imt the Dioft 
emirer: in point of litttJiure (I 

* He lias been lUtnckeJ by fame zeiluti 
fur [peatinj (A ttie l)i\a!^t aiiR.t\-.'ie^ •*. 
Calvinifm; ntii vm4\e,Aei Vj ■\3I-*o.■^, «« 


Htv'uw if New PubRtatim. 


^ith regard to times and fcafons), of any 
dioccfan, ahfit invidia, that ever prcfidcd 
©ver your church, arc, with great defe- 
rence and fubmilTion, laid at your feet. 
They were made under the aufpiccs of 
my lae learned and much honoured pa- 
tron, Biftiop Green, to svh )m I had the 
honour of imparting them, now many 
years ago, at Buckdcn ; and hr was 
pleafed to pcrufe, and, as 1 flattered my- 
lelf, to appiove them. 

** I call ihcra by no better name thrn 
CplUffiottJ, though brougl>t into a read- 
able form ; becaufe noihing^tchis diftance 
of time can poHibly be learned of Bifhop 
Groffwtcfte and his hiftory but what mufl 
be drawn from books and MSS; and, 
what is a greater difparagemtnt to rhe 
work, my piivate ilaiion, as a country 
clergyman, would not permit me to have 
much accefs to public lilirarics; but the 
materials were chirfly to be (ought for ia 
a book-rocm, which, you will cafily fup- 
pufe, cannot be very richly or amply fur- 

Bifliop G. lived in one of the moft la- 
mentable fjeriods of the EogMh confli- 
iution, both in church and Hate, jufl after 
king John had refigncd his k<ngdoms to 
the pope, and received ihtm agatn as a 
fee of the papacy at an annual iribuce. 
His young (on, Henry HI. wa> forced 
to trtad in the fteps of his father, and 
take the kingdom on the fame terms; 
fwearing fealty and doing homage lo the 
pope ; infomuch that the prelacy cf G. 
began and concluded in this lat^ re gn, 
will afford us a concife though clear ic- 
prcfcDtation of the mo<ie in wMch the 
popes and their agents condu6Ud their 
ill- acquired and now unbounded power; 
and, at the fame time, of the intiepiduy 
and ref^itude of the biihop^ in lefifting 
to the utmoft thefe ufurpatious as far as 
he was concerned. Though not engaged 
in the public bufinefs of the Hate or otlier 
woildly attairs, he condufVed lu^ cxten- 
five dioccfe with the clo(ell attention and 
unremitting application; and all his dif- 
putes vvith the pope, the king, the nobi- 
lity, the abbots, or others, terniinattd 
iuccefsfully by the clcarncfs of his head, 
^joined with that natural courage, con- 
Aancy, and ( of ir.ind, fur vvl.ich 
be Is fo much ceicbiatcd. 

The precifc year of his birth is rot 
known; it was probably about A. D. 
1175, of low and obfcure, but honeir, pa- 
rents, at Stradbrook, Suttolk. lie fiudied 
at Oxford, and there laid a founJaiion of 
Creek and other literature, which he fo 
cmJocDtly dJfpUyed in his numcio\i» and 

various writings, and which qualified him 

to become the pitron of literary men. 

He was a fhort time in the fervice of the 

biOiop of Herefori, but, on his death, 

returned to his (ludies till noticed by 

that discerning |Tc:iate, Hugh dc Welles, 

who pave him a ptebcnd io'the church of 

Lincoln. He was archdeacon of Cheftcr, 

1 2 10; of Wilts, 1270; of Leictllcr 

till 1232; and piebeiid of, 

Lincoln di'Kcfe. He K.ok his doMoi *s 

degree before 1224, was rt6Vor of Ad)- . 

ley,N r:i»amp:on, 1225. On the death of 

dc Wclle^, i2}4> he was e'eftcd by the 

chapter of Lincoln, and the king readily 

conlei.ted to their choice of Kim for their 

b(hop. He was con(c6rated' in rhe 

abbey-church of R a;ling l>y aichbi(hv>p 

Edmund. For parliculaisof his conduft . 

in that fee, we muft refer to his bio^ia- 

pher J anrj obfcivc tha: he filled it till his 

dciih, Oclobwr 9, 12^3. 

No prela'.e Wa> ever mors atrin'ive to 
the piil^;ia\ office, i.or took moe pains 
to have tl.c parochial churches well- 
fupplcd. By his (piiitcd rcfirtance a 
heavy and (ham^(ul tax, which the 
pope and the kin(j meant to have levied 
on the clcrt»v, carue to nothing. He 
was bur.ed in tht u^'pcr north tranfept 
of his ca.Iict.ial, vvlicie his mutilated 
monu()icnt i n.ains, and where his re- 
mains vVwT^ dilcovgjcd, 1782. (See Se-' 
pulchral M >nnincnts of Great Britain, 
I. p. 47. pi. XVI.) His rirg and cruficr, 
there fo^r.d w tli iltcm, aic here en^'.ia- 
ved from a druv m/ l»v IVIrs. C .rier, wife 
of the ivvctcnd Mr. Carter, fohoo'm Picr 
at Lincoln, He vas a great l)t:nt- 
faftor to his church, hnilhmg what biiT.op 
Wcllt?. left unitone of the nave. Atiiong 
his particular hicnds are to be rrck^jrjrd 
Roller VV^tlcham, dean of Lincoln, 12:9 ; 
bi(h(;|)o( Lich(i-l(t and Covcnirv, 1195*; 
John dw Baling, archdcavon of Leicciter, 
1138; who travelled to Athens and 
bsvu^'ht home fevcral Greek MSS ; and 
his txtenfivc ccirtlp.-nOence may be 
(ecn in Mr. Brown's coition ot his epiOles^ 
in the (ecor.d volume of hi» Falcicuius. 
'1 he bithop's writings were on 1ui»jc6^s 
ot divinity and philoibphy, and mifccU 
Units in En»i!;(ii, l^:in, and French ; 
and puxiion of them has 
been printed. 

Among the nineteen articles in the 
rpptrndix aic the conllitutions adv'rcll by 
bithop G. to his parochial clergy, and 

* D. P. publilhed, in 1761, Memoirs oF 
him, intended as a prelude to the Ifeof 
Biihop Groiktdte. 


THIS it ■ coQiinuiriao of Mr. Miu- 
iie('» work, alreid; noticed, I. XIII. 
34J. It it impoffible lo giie » !«;«]■ sh- 
RrtSt of rt ihan it conraincd in the cLt)*. 
Tb« fobjcfl i) r.nt conchJ-d in thit vo- 
lume i mother will be reidy in * few 
d»)ri, ■od ill jppe»r<nce is now only re- 
tarded b; tht rumcrous ar.d uxpcilive 
CDgriviDgi ncccITjrji lo erusidalc in tb- 
ftfufe»lobjea. The juU.ot fiids " that 
tbeiirv-curioui anJ Imntfiiwg luhjeflt 
of the Oritaial triadi af Diiy uptntd (o 
nil * Geld for enquiry, lud withal led to 
fuch impotiini conlrcjuencct in oui tiivo 
fyOcm of thtotogy, ih « it uas Ulieily 
UDpofliblc lo Gonutft II within ibc nii- 
rov hmiii he hid frefciihed htmlcK. 
The frtfiHt i> by no rncani the {icricid 
for foppielTing inv iiiiblional teliiiTijDic^ 
to the truth of one ol the fuhdimertd 
tltid.t nf ihil nob'.* fylhm; and ht 
tnitts thai he'has l>i,.u,<!.> i^gt^hcr fjch 
a bod}' of tv. 'er.ce >s will uecihirely 
tdiblifli the following impoitanififti: 
fall, in thi' Si ftrelb, or thritjupt- 

TUT j^'d^'! ■'.' ll.t laiicDt HcbTtXVi, 

m*T ot dilcoTcred iJn three hv*ptilUi«» 
GtM T. Ma «. FdnMt^, 1 79 f 


THE di'fi^n of thit pu!.li:aiion fecms 

agiinflit (in the ihirJ reidin^ of the l>ill. 
IC his been carried by a conriilctbrc mi- 
jorily theiithinft. A pla.-j of i he track 

arc aU.1 a Difirhiht nf Cl iiton, f'^.'u.- 

Mvdathir Li/njiiiii it lU .•Jia.tnl C-iHf-'i. 
Tut JacfJ Ed.-an, .,r'.i!i,i tnJ InLrgiJ. 

(ilMtiiaudfitm;'. 64J 

The Iter/ anture ai tb' pam]'hlc: hf- 

l.-^ftiab;e io'-ci.itil.n. VVb (iiocetJ, 

" Although ih« cl'ief depenJanc* of Br'iPol 
ii upmlits foicijniride, Ytttheie v:it i,\n<a»^, 
aU kinds ot tra(me(5 tim«4™\«v\\Sv!.t\v< \ 
n:id ill vlic ftii'ps avE ie«Q ^ 1?"==* iii'^i^'^ 


,^4 ^l*w »f N*w PuiEeatkia. t^et»i, 

b« m,t wUh any where in rt« Wingc'om. Thou,p«t:h'donhi,h.fti.UI«rth-*>orinK 

uarcr can iage, the proprietoi^ art ooaUttl to iiacn wmjuc w 

fell on low terms." See Mifs Moore's c piciphon the author 

Wc arc tcMipud to iranfcribe the fol- of thefe veife8,in our latl, p. 64. 
Iodine curious anecdutC of one of tlic usi.Mary'Redclirfftandiooan wimciiM, 
f-athered tribe and you afcend lo ii from RcdclUF4treet by 

feathered mbc. ^ (J^^ of inany ftept. There aw tlire. 

*«A robm-ieJbreaft had taken up its .„^^ ^,r^,cesi a north, fouth, and weft, 
abode in the cailiedral, and for the »pa^^« "« ^ * ^^ t„^.er is nearly two handred 
fifteen years ♦ ufnally pcrclied on one of the ^^ ^^^ couttins a noble peal of eight 

pinnacles of the gre;»t organ dim ng the lima Jj^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^j^j^^^ j^ g^j^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

ftf divine fcrvJtc, accompanying the foteipinry ^^^^ i,u,^ared : upon this tower there wa» 
w.tti its lurmonious ftram j and was fo tame ^^^^^^. ^ ^ -^^ ^ great licight, which, in 
ju, to follow tlie verger to be fed. " c;«"- ^^ -ear 1445, w^ partly thrown down by 
nued its haWution tiU its death, which Iwp- j. . J^jng^ and never rebuilt ; the lower part 
pened fome time m the tvnnter, 1 7«7. " "^« of it is yet {landing. On viewing the outfide 
Utc Mr. Samuel Love, minor canonof thij ^^ ^^ building, we are ftnick with its mm^ 
cathedral, compofed the fcllowing htauiititt ^^ venerable ai>pearance ; and. en 

lines on this little melodious fongftcr : entering it, the exquiftie beauty and lightnefs 

Sweet focial bird 1 whofe foft hai moint^ui l:*y$ ^^ ^^ fabric raifes admiration, and we gu2« 
Swell the glad fong of ihy Cieator*8 prailc, jr„ond with wonder and deliglit. The pil- 
Say, art thou confcious of approaching ills ? ^^^ which fiipport the iiiof are very lofty, 
fell winter's ftorn»— lli« pointed blaft that ^^^j iiumiuMy wrought into die moft deli- 
kilU ! [breath . ^.^^^ ri^ooldingc ; tlie roof is all of ftone^ 

Shunn'rf thoa the (avagB North's unpitymg ^^o^n jjng with devices and ornaments bca*- 
Or crtiel man's more latent foarcs of death ? ijf^,i^y carved ; tlie akar is very elegant, and 
Hei e dwell fecure J liere, with inccirantnoie, p^hW ilectirated 1 over it are three capital 
Four the foft mufic of thy trembling throat, paimji^gj by Hogarth ; ilic middle piAnre is 
Here, gentle bird, a fure afylum find, [wind, j,^^ brgclfc, and rcprefcats Cbria's afcenfion ; 
Kor dread the chilling froft, nor boitt'rous ^^^^ ^, ^ ^be left h;ind, as you ftand tt> view 
Vo hoftile tyrant of the featherd r?ce, jj,^^^ js the High Prieft, wiUi others, fealing 

Shall dare invade thee in this hallow'd place ; ^^ ^^^y^ , j^j jbc otlier, on the right, tttr 
Nor, while he faiktheli^iiid air along, [long, ^^men coming to look for the body of 
Check tlw flirill numbers of thy cheerful Qbriit, and the angel, whi> tells them he is 
No cautious gqnner, wliofe unerring fight ^^ YxaCt he is rifcn. In the center corn- 
Stops the ^vift eagle in his rapid flight, partmcnt of the alur is a pi«5liire of our Sa- 
Shall here d'ifturb my lovely fongfter'^ reft, ^^^^ reftdring to life tlie daogfiter of J *irus, 
Nor wound the plumage of hiscrimfonbrealt. pajpjcj by Mr. Frelham, of th.e Royal Aca- 
The truant fchool-boy, who, in wantonjpby , jj^my, at the requeft of his uncle. Sir Clifton 
With vifcid lime involves the tre^ch'ious >vintringliam. hart. 

fpray, « The city library is a handfcwne free-fton* 

In tain (hall fpread tlie wily fhare for thee, building. It contains a valuable ctilleAionof 
Alike fecure Uiy life and liberty, [hcait, books, which is i>crpetually iritreafing, in 
Pieace then, fweet warbler, to thy flutt'nng g,^feque««w of donaii*>ns and annual fub- . 
Defy the rage of hawks, and toils of an ; fcriptions. A Librarian is appointed to at- 

Now <hak« thy downy plumes, now gladlier ^^^^j ^^ ^ ^^j f;dary , wlu), by the inlliiution. 
Thy grateful tribute to eadi rifing day ; [pay ^^^ be a clergyman. 
Whilecrowdshelow their willing voices raife, «< fi^^ Q^^y {^ |>enerally cftecmed one of 
To ling with l.oly zeal Jehovah's praife, ^bc ftneft mercantile havens in Europe ; it is 

. ___^_— — — upwards ot a mile in extent, reaching from 

«« Some ofour readers may pevhaps think g^ Giles's bridge to Briftol-biidgc, aad is 
fifteen yeais a great age for a robin-red- ^^^be way embanked by a ftrin wall coped 
breall) and therefore donbtif it was the fame ^-^^^ j^^ge hewn Hone, from which to the 
bird. Theauthor begs leave t« remark, that ^^^^^ buddings is fuch a confidcrahle breadiL, 
one of thofe little domeftic foiigfters has ^jtbout interruption, as to make it one con- 
frequented a hot-houfc belonging to him fe- tinned wharf » 

veral ytars pad in the winter months, durii^g <i •j*j^^ Hot-well is diftant one mile and a 
which he makes it his chief abods j a fn^ll j^^jf weft ward from the city of Briftul, on 
aperture is purpofely made foe him to go in ^j^^ Glocefterihire fide of the river Avon, in 
or out; he is exceedingly tam«, andufually ^j^^ pj^,^ ^f Clifton. The river here is 
comes in S^tembcf, aad gdBS away io Fo- Scarcely if at all broader than at Briftol, and 
iinur/.^ \^ aUnoft ^ M^ Vsyi >mim: v ^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^'^^ 

SIviliedDKiinbeiVo, iTSSr "" <l>eor,. The ■(gome'nti, w« iliink, at* 

j^gcU ;5 Ycart. Ixhiadofy, bucwill hjc admit ol iliridg. 

BE SERIOUS. mciiti wc mult chcnftxe rcftT the nudcc 

I lo ihc wurk iilclf. 
■1, artatifmfn Cgvil t«J um Gtai, in Our auihor obfcrTCs [hit the conncc- 

nhkb iteir iwen aiU CtnniH!tn an aj- tic" b.twcia gout nA g(I«tl is ubviout. 

' mn*hiti\ vMih *n Ex-oKnaiifn if Dr. Tli^i tItE fuptiibitnUuicc af liihilUc icid 

Aiiftm't Tirtiy */ Stcur, and tttir criijcti fomttimci becomes appa'CDt, by bcinjf 

KniMli- ^Oiffiftaii-nwlh, B:ti a^li, dcpofiied Id malUs tbicJilfcr not conn . 

C*Kertii:m -, ail ai FujmVy iirM /Ai Ofira- dtiably from urinii)' Cilculi) ind ibat 

limifSph.Mi. llyM^i,r»'iYat\yc.,Mm■ midi lakco up by ihe laflc.k miy im- 

iir if ibc Su'gnm Vcmfwji. piegnate the bife (o at to ptoduee con. 

Wfi know no fubjefl that his been iriiions in ihc g.ilUW-»4fitT. 
■Kirc frequenily t«jred of )afe ye«r» The ounei q» (iiicXTOiolsp'i'-'^^^t'l. 


.Review »f Ifew PuiHeatitM. 


the picventlon and cureour author : aiu- 
rai'V lecommenili the u^c of alkalis : 
** The f.-)rm bcft adapted," he fays, *• to 
tl»e foluionof a (lone fliould bt preferred. 
The caiiiric alkali ditTolved in Hmple 
water mi^ht be too harfli} bur, when 
mixtd vvi:h a folu 'on 'of any an*mal 
inartcr, it becomes fjfficiently (heathcd, 
yet r..(ain> t\t power of lAiog upon ^he 
calculus. A ^Mutioo of anv animal 
jelly, or perhap.. imlk, by itfelf, or with 
the ad«iition ot a little ifinglafs, would 
f^enerally be fufficient fur covering the 

The author's reafoning and ftvle have 
our approbation ; and ae heartily wiOi 
that his future expeiiencc mav confirm 
him in his being able to inrroducc into 
the fsllem a folvent for the human 
c.ilculus no way injurious to the conAi- 

24. Jciningham's Siege of Berwick, a Tra- 

(Continued froiH !;•/. LXIILf. 12Q\,) 

WE are happy 10 hnd Mr. Jerning- 
ham's pathetic mufe (Unuas but m kitt' 
dred found to move) his touched the 
Tragic chords* 

The fubjcft of this tragedy (as wc 

The texture of their miituil life, my heart 
Blends anJ anites the two, aud my fuud cyet 
Behold btit one dear (oa." 

15. ^ Dijfertathn on a TAffage •/" Scripture 
littU noticed', in VtPidieation of M«iiiih 
annijfl modern Set:ptic%% on his triumpbunt 
Sniff into Jenifalem. /f//^ Notet ; and an 
AUrefi to tix Jewu By Thomas Olbome, 
^Kenfin^ton, late of Derby. 

THE fubjc^l of this pamphlet hariag 
bifen already notfeed in our vol. LX. 
p. 6S8{ we (hail content ourfcWes with 
iiirroducing the author to our readers in 
his own words : 

** The intent of this Diflertation is a well- 
meant •ndeavour to vinJicaie the KfefHah 
againft fceptics, and ihew that the wild afs 
of the wildernefs, firfl mentioned in tht 
book of Job, wliom St. Jerome ftyles tht 
firft of the prophets, was intended by Pro- 
vi«lence as nn enihlem of the wicked man, 
whom a« the MeHiah came purpofely to 
convert and reclaim, fo he lik^wife tamtA 
this t>'pe of him whilft he was fading in 
the wildemefs. For, that this book is not a 
mere drama, bat tl;e hfe of a real perfon, is 
proved by the mention of him in the prophet 
Kzekiel; and by the apoftle St. James, where 
lie is recommended to us as an example of 
patience and trull in God; (hewing the folly 

have already obferved) is taken from an ^ j^^j^j i„ reproaching Chriil.the Maker 

int<.ref>ingiuciJent at the (iegc of Ber- 
w ck, in the rtign of Edward III. Un- 
tml)arrafn:d by epi(ode<, or any adfci- 
titious cv nts, the (lory prelTcs foiward 
to its corn;lciion. Curlofity is excited, 
nnd 11.^ intereil is continually increailng 
from the firft fccne to the laft. 

Each a£l concludes atamoiliottrening 
period, by which attention is Orongly 
awakened; and the (lyle, and the inter- 
yenintj fimil^s. art everywhere happMy 
adapted to (he fpeaker and to the (i« 
tUH iun. 

and Lord of the creatures, for his freedom 
taken with private property, and who hn- 
pioofly term this creature the vehicle of tlie 
goiiliead, by proving from the Gofpels, and 
in the nature of thing«, c'^at it mud he of the 
wild f|>ecies; **for, one, on wnich no man 
had ever fat," could not be well affirmed ef 
any creature in man*s poffcffion. 

Firmly believing Mr. Olbornc to be a 
well-intentioned and orthodox writer, we 
recommend the perufal of his Didcrta- 

tation, which cannet verv eaii!y be 

abridged, to the perufal of the curious 1 

Wc prcfent to our readers ihefpcech of and are glad to fee that his labours are 

£th. ':;>t.rra in the third a6V, at that »(^ 
fc£^;ng inouicnt when ihe is informed 
ihc i. at liberty to take one of icr Tons 
back with her to the town. The of- 
ficer, tj iaducf her to favc one of her 
fops, f.ivs, 

f^ Reflc(5^ that by ihefc means you will pre- 
Th' <ntire extinction of your name. [vent 

F. r«F.LBtRTA — — Your re.ifonint? 
Touches not a motlier s breait. While I be- 
My Ton*; ri'i now ihcv ftand bffore me, and 
Rccnl their virtue, tl-cir invari.ihie 
.-^wcdiofi tow*iiis tlieir mother, ;inJ the con- 
Of their cnngcnLiJ mimh, the interweaving 
ff^oior.y o/coJoaring, tbstt coaipoCx 

fan£lioncd by a numerous liQ of fubfcri* 
hers, to whom he thus apologifcs : 

" As^the author is encouraged to publifh 
by pr?rfonages of the firft diftinclitm, as well 
as his fri?nds and neli^hboun;, he humbly 
begs that his delay, owi:>g :o an unavoidable 
caufe, may meet their excufe j trufting that 
tljofe fritnds, who f^w the fiiii copy of his 
e'j"ay. wiil rather thank than blame him f«r 
procraftinating it, elpccially if they (bould 
think his many aiiJiiiuns an improvement »f 
his U'eatife. 


»6. /^ Setm^-n preached in the Cathed'af 
Church of St. Paul, London : on Thurfdaw 
June 6 f 1791.' Being the Time if tlf Ytariy 
IkJM'it^ oj tLe Cbidireit tiatxaXtd in the Chj- 

1 a^-^t)Mil\^ 

portion only, of Ihe Dlviiie Spirlr. In any 
iente in which (he f[ririt of |el»v»h 
spoil the prophet, it w»s mor* eminentlir 
npon hhn, who received it not by mlaTure. 
The prai^tet Ifaiah reftored a<K, (hat we 
know, any Mind man [<i bis light ; he deli- 
vemJ na captive from bis c1i;iin. He pre- 
diaed, indeed, the renoralionof Ihe Jews, 
from (he Bjb;]onian captivitv ; their &iwl 
reftoiatiOMi from (heir prefect Jirpcrfion ; 
and the renoraiinn of man. From the worfe 
captivity of fin. But henever took uimn liim 

Teafon of liherilion } which is the thing pro- 
perly impUed, in the phrafa of " prciiching 
deliverance (o the captivet." Tii the bmken- 
heartcd he adniiniflered no other halm, ihail 
ihediftint hopeofonewhii, in future time-, 
fbo'iid bsar their forrowsi nnr were the 
pnor, <i[ hjj own time, pJilicuUrly iiile- 
refled in hit preach. ng. The ch^irsflers, 
thfiefo-e, which tke fpeaker (eems lu ntTiime 
m ihi) propheiic text, are of two kjndj ( 
fBch as are in no fenfe anfu-ereJ by any 
known ciicumftance in iheJife;mJcbaraA,.'r 
id Itjiah, or of tay otlitr paCuoiie of ilie 

TeAiment. In Ihis inflanee, cm- great 
lord and Mailer defies tlw i-riifan* cenfurei 
«f (be doOon of (hat impinufchaoJ. Thit 

text, referred to itinrigtnal place in Ihe book 
of ICaiah, ii evidently the opening of a pro- 
phetic dialogue I and in the particii)m vt 
Ihf chatafler defcribed in it, it earriet !(• 
own internal evidence of in necelfary re- 
ference toonrl.ord, and juIliGet his appU- 
CMion of it to himCelf." 

After vitioui proofs itiat out Lord 
citni: " to preach f"lad fdings to the 
poor)" the bifhop thus ptoc^cJc to ths 
more immediate purpofe of 'lie meeting t 

" Bleffcd be Got", inftitiitions for thrt 

Clous pnrpofo abound in molt parts of the 
insdort» The 'Mihorifyof onrLiTil's ex- 
ample, of preaching to the poor, will, with 
every lerioui believer, citiveisli ilio cb. 
jcftion whith hith been r.iifcj apa'ift th.fe 
chitntible inflimtinm, by a me.m nnd daf' 
tirdly policy, imbibed in foreign climei, nor 
lefsuiichriliian, than it it iucotttftewi-Ki*. 
the genuine feeVm^^ n? >.\w Vu.ittw-'o^e*, t<»- 

isS ' Rtvuw of NiW Puhlkatimsi [Ftb. 

that, liy the odvanTagec af a rcJigioas edoca* hath his btrthrigltfi, an^ it enrniflcd with n 

dull, Uie poor may he laifod above tlie iab<>- confiderable (hare of the man»};emeiu of 

ijous ilutierof hj<; (l^^uon, and liis nfe in bimfelf. It it the |«ecaliarity, and th^s pc* 

civil life he loll. Oiir Ltu-d and hit apoftles cuUartty is the principal excellence of fuch 

belter uiMkrflood the incerefls of i<iciety» {overnnientf<^ that as tho great hare nr*' pro- 

ai^ were more temier o£ its fcciiricy md perty in the labour of the poor, other than 

^lencr, than many, Krlap.^, of our inoderu what is acquired for a time by a miitu^il 

thcoiifls. Oui' Lord and his apoftles cer- agreement ; the poor iran, on the oiher 

taiiily* never fnw this danger i that the im- band, hath no claim U|Nm his fnperior, for 

proycinent of the poor* in religious know- fupport and maintenance, except un-Jer fome 

kdge,nii{;bt be a means of confounding civil pai'ticuUtr covenant < as an apprentice, a 

fubordination. Tliey w«re never appre- journeyman, a menial fervant,oi a labourer} 

benfive, thit the poor would be m^de the whicli entitles him to the recnmpence of his 

wurfe fervants, by an education which Itipulated fervice, and to nothing elfe. It 

ihoiild teach them to ferve their maftvrs follows, that, in fnch liates. every m;in is to 

upon enrth, from a principle of duty to th^^ derive a fupport for himfelf anil his fimily 

great Mailer of the w'lole fiunily in Heaven, from tlie voluntary exeitions of his own iiw 

Thefe mean fuggetlious of a wicked policy dnftryf under the direAiiin of his own ge- 

tre indeed oontradicled by the Kxperience of nix», his own prudence, and his o\vii con- 

tnaokind. The extreme a)Ddiuon of op» fcience. Hence, in thefe free government-, 

pi eflion and abaiisment, the unnatural con- fome confide rable improvement of the un- 

^Ittion of flavery, produced, in ancient times, derdanding is necelfaiy, even for tlie lowcfV 

its poet5, philotophers, and moralifb. Inia* orders of the people ; and much (trengih of 

gicenot that I wcvld teach yon to infer, that religious principle is requifite, to govern the 

<he condition of flavery is not adverfe to the individual in thofc common concerns of hit 

improvement of the human charadter. Its pri\'ate life, in u hich the laws leave th» 

siatnral tendency i^ to fetfer tlie genius, and meai>e(l fubjeA, equally with his hettei!^ 

4elMfe the hrait. But foroe brave fpirits, of niafter of himfelf. Defpntifm, (incere, uh- 

iincommon ftrt-ngth, have, at different times alloyed, rigid defpotifm, is the only form of 

furmouuied the difa<lv3nuges of th:it difmal government, which may, with fafacy to it* 

liiuation. AdJ tlu: faA ia hidi I would oiler to felf, negledl the educatiim of its infant ponr. 

ycurattention i& this: that (hefe men, eminent Where it is the principle of government, 

in tafte and literature, were ror rendered, by that the common people are to be ruled at 

iJifffe accomplUhments the lei's profitable mere animals it might, mdeed, be impolitic 

fi.^vW;. Where then is the danger, that the to fuffer them to acquire the moral difcern-* 

fiCe-bornpoor of this couiitiy, fhoukl be ment, and the fpnntaneity of men. Rutin 

the worfe hired fervanrsv for a proficiency in free flatef, wliether monarchical, or of 

a kniAvledge, by which both maAerand fer* whatever form, the cafe is ex i^lly the re- 

vant are taught their refpedive duties, by verfe. The fchemes of Providaice and na* 

wiiich alone eiilier rich or poor may be made ture are too deeply laid to be overthrtHvn by 

wife unto falvat'on r mnn*s impolicy. It is contrary to the order 

'* Much fenous confuleration would in- of nature, it is repugnant to tlie c'ecrees nf 

Jecd he due to theohjcclion, were It theob* Providence, and theierbre the thinq^ (hall 

3cd\, or the urdinar>' ami probable eflfecl, of never be, tliat civil libeny fhouUl long main- 

ihefe chnritable leminaries for the raainte- tain its ground, among any people difqii lihcd 

nance and education of tl'.e infanc poor, to by ignorance and profligacy, for the ule and 

qualify them for the occupction^ and purfuits enjoyment of it. Huoce the (;reatell danger 

of the higher ratiks of focifty, or to give threatens every free conftitution, when, by a 

them a relilh for their pltnfnres and amufe- negleA of a due culture of tie mind^ 

ments. But this is n(;t the cafe. Nothing Kubarifin and ignorance are. futfbred to ovcr- 

nore is attempted, iicr 0411 more indeed be run the lower orders. I'he barrici-s which 

dore, th?n to give them that infli-uAion, in civilized manners n.tiuraUv oppoi'c agjinit 

tlie dodlrincs and duties of religion, to which t!»a encroici.ments of power on the ono 

a cl:iim of cummoM right is in lome fort con- fi md, ami the exorbitance of licrtirnilncls 

flitiiti-d, in a Chrillia-i country, hv the mtre on the other, will (oon be borne down, and 

c:\paciiy to proht by it ; and tofiimilh them the jjovcrnment will dege'.ei.ite cith r into 

wjiii thofc ruiiimc't.ts, of what may be called an abfolute dcfpotic mon«rihy, vv wliat a 

tiie trivial liicr»iuic <tf their mrtlicr t(uigue, fuhfiiling ex;imple proves to be by infinite 

witlu ut u inch tluy uoiiUl fcarce be qu h- degrees a heavier curfe, the capricii)Ui> donii. 

lied to bs iuhiects, even of t'le lowell clafs, nition of an unprin ipled ral^b't*. t livt 

of the free govcnimeiit under which ti*try woidd iguotanccand irrdip/um, wrie rlicy 

are U)in. A gnveiHinent in wl;ich the once to prevail generally in the Unver ranks 

meane(\ citiz.en, the veiy mendicant at vour of t'l^cicty, neceii'anly teiniiu.itc in one or the 

ooois, unlei^ hi" life, or his fr.uiclnfes, ipxe otiier of th^fe two dreadful e\ii& ; tWe diilu- 

biea farfeiud by crime t9 ptiblic jvAlce, htiua of all goverimit^ti 01 the owflavins 

v> ir^iiieil ill ihe niittDrt imt »litu>niiKui ul 
On Loi J, have no reifim lu a|ii>rclKiid, tliat 
Mw poliiy will dilai>prove the pioii! wiirk 
fhkh claiiiji Itiih fi^seflej. Thoiranilt 
nf cliildnn, iif Ivnii fats, nniiuAlIy refcttcd, 
^ nMant uf ihtf; chiriiable feminuici, in 
tirimj. parts 1 f tlie klngiloin, from beggaiy, 
igaoniKir, and vice, Eaiiied ai utefia c(- 
iiiaMtailie ftste, a> the (ifve time ihM ilieji 
ai* lirefervoUulheepof Chrilt'sfuld. Frar 
ua, therefiire, lo indulge tlw fcellDss of be. 
ntvolaiie and tii.iiiiy, which thit day'i 
ipcAnie awalieni in yulir hnromj. 

" li It no WBjIlnef! Co fymp.ithife in Che 
rMl hirdihiia . f Uie iiiFuuir oiden. It ii 
MwenkneCiio beE'iiK'ieJ wiih an anxicif, 
(or cricir welbrc ; ta {jmI a c:>Tnpt,iGenc7 ami 
Mf jot, in tlie reflcdion liial, hf ihc hbIU 
direfled exerli(«9 iif a e™*!^ ('"'Ht, ihcir 
imrellf,- f^cnUr and eternal, are f^ciireJ. 
It i> iiu nreakiiers lo xj^ice Ih^t, without 
bnaking ibe urder rT hHioy, teliEiivi on 

tr«ien oF in ea:k, from ijniTJiK;? and vie:-. 
*■ li iiu m^iiwi w be Iibni.i _oi yinv 

• ««> 

:Det>IU' atlou'Cil 

c been 'l»^ 

_ _.i.ok trf Ihc ijth tint , 

from u hofe ■ccojni, a> ftlced in tht '<)• 
njU of CuluiiB. II appciit to hi«e Cun- 
fifted of trt'tlrt ikin^ of parchment, ilie 
Bi'li of u'lii' h .VI. IM, and the wVioIe wx 
cupied'frotn the uiigmili cumpoled, m.t 
uaJcr llieoiloiiui or Auraliin, ai liai 
been g-n' rally fuppaied, but, prulialiU, 
under Scpiimui Scvcrui, *baui A. I>. 
10i-;ii. It wu ,fiilt dilcovtied at 
Sptrct, ijoK. A TpUndid and euireitt 
tibtmnul It was pulwifteri in fclio ;it 
Vunni." I7;j, liy F- C Sclityl', *iil> 
fac-Giiiile tngraiingi of the iiviite ti- 


-eolit. Iliit 


■o\. LIV. f. ^ 

Mr.?>ri,wrmi,Kl-.l..c jointi^v. 

Tlity iou»h upon liic mill irit.rOii' 

pm^ ul tur..^.; F.uM., vWPaiit, 

the fiai;iiUl Usnti i-.n Us M'-ui* -Ti« 



Literary InttlllgtHet.'—ltiAtx Indicatoriuj. 


tod the TjroUf &c. &c. to and from Rami 
and Napks, Pare of the tour, wc ud« 
derdand, fcarcely ever trad before, but 
in rart alfo an eftimate ©f hh powers will 
br more eafy afcertainable* for he mud 
lave lo compare with the fpecd of fomc, 
and thole o-'t had goefSi on the fame 
road wirb hiinfelf. 

A French emigrant is now in London, 
w'vio polTtlTts in Albi mt in which manv 
(.f il'.e mod diilinguilhed charatUrs of 
Frar.ce, \nX\\ of tl.c laft and prcfcnt ccn- 
rurv, l; infciiiicd their fentimer.ts. 
Wc ho'^c lo have the oppoi^cuntty of cn- 
iciriin.nj; our leaders wr.h «.xtra5^s from 
this va'urolc leltc. Ore in parti*. ulu' 
cAu«l;t o ir fvc in the Autcgraph of the 
Celebrated Madam D-«cier. A ijent e- 
man of the familv to uhoin x\x Aibutn 
b-lonz-'d, was very impDitur.ire lo know 
tiui lady's t'uoughis — on svl.ich fh: took 
a peD, and Wrote (he \vc*!-kno.^n liue 
ficm Sophocles, the purp« ri of which i^ : 

** Silence adorn: t!»c Sex." 
We are liippv to itcoio tKu aiie<(!i..'c, 
both because it has not be n in j r n*-, 
and becaufe it is fo honouiablc to MiJam- 
Daciei's characlcr. 


BiOORAPHicus will be much obliged to 
any corrcfjwmlcnt who will communicate 
the fijllowing ei)itaph% if anv caIII, citlier at 
MiiUiorft, SiiiTexi or at Mcp'jcy, or Pop- 
lar, Miuolefcx. I. Dame hleanor Hu4f'>n, 
who d»ed in 1723 at Old Ford- 2. Sir Charles 
HuOfon, bart.clied at Midiiurft, 17^2. ^. Sir 
Skefiinp.ton H'lifin, bart. <McJ at Poplar, 
1760. 4* Su- Charles Huilfon, hart, a captain 
inthc L*»ft India Company 'a f:?! vicctWcd 1773. 

rxi* LOR A TOR recommends tahir to Mr. 
I.yfons, or Mr. Ellis, to' examine (in D)'cr*« 
P.o'i o:t3, p. 39. b.) a curious cai'e relative to 
Han.w on the Hill. 

SciiN'rijE Am A TOR aflcs wliat author or 
authors are bed to be confulted, to obtain a 
c<^mpctent t!'.et'rctical, as well as pradlical, 
knoxvkdge of Cl'.'rmirtry in its prtfcnt im- 
proved dat^ ? If in the iMtin Lwguage it will 
juovc douhiy a^ccptuh'.e. 

A CtssTANT H K Aur R wlilies to b- in- 
fv)t mco, by our mcanr, it the progrefs oi the 
lubfciiprion tow-.r^is the fupport and ^•,\^ir 
of the cat!)ei'ral cIiulcIioI* St. b.wiu ; ti>w;aJs 
which, March i, 1791, above i^col. had 
been coUedled out of 70CCI. 

An Old Cor re? ton dent W( i!*'. '.c 
cbliged b,' an i>f the Dripin iti 
(lEOROE Bakkw«iI-l, or th" T.ondrn Trcn- 
tice. Is it real or fabulous t It is faid tiiat 
he killed his uncie i'l Cainbcrwell Grove. 

A Nlv,- Co«» 1:5 PON dent ;>{ks, i. How 
t:c Veterinnry 5.)CJc'ty .is going on ? W*he- 
ther the l.ttcjohn Hunter has left any thinj 
oi f»abiii:atiuM ? aiid, j. \\hy ibc Plalms ia 


the Church fervice differ from tbof* in the 
BiMe r This genilcman midakes if he fup- 
p<>fee» that we piofef:* to review the numerous 
publications Uiat come out. Toot, being th« 
province of puUhcations a ppir>]) rioted tn the 
purpofe, is a porti«vi of our labours ne« 
cedarily limited in extent ; nor can we name 
Pricks, witlKUit fuhje^ing ouricU'es to an 
inconvenient cxpcnce. — A like aolwcr m.if 
in fome degree be applie«i to the corteQ>on- 
dent who approvers ** ihe impaniality of 
our Parliamentai y Debates;" but' does not 
recoiled^ ih *t, from the variety of otl^cr ar- 
ticle<, WR nre neceflit it^d to be concife, and 
c.iunoc p«>iriblv keep with the rapidit/ 
of I'.'ily Reporters. 

A.M A N T H V ui aiiCi whether the work of 
M. C revecccuf , fo Irtqac.tly alhided to by 
BriJfot in hibTiave's ui America, is to be 
met with in EngUjh. 

HvDRALiu:* obfeiTe*^, that many Englilh 
book« are evepy nr.w and then interlardsd 
w ith fcraps of Latin, to diew the author's 
eiudition ; which may, perhaps, be eafy to 
the I'malbd fm^ttirrcr in the Claffic^i: but 
that is not t!)e caCe with hinifelf, nor with 
many oihci<; whu have ni)t liad a better edu- 
cation. He thinks every perfon who 
mrites for bread (which is often the cafe) 
flio Id rnnk^thrir book as univerfal .tt polli- 
ble ; and, if Latin or Greek, Xcc mud be 
ufed, the meaning, put into Liglidi, ami 
tlie book would be underd<.od by nil. 

A V1LLA6E Curate (in Yorklhire) 
who is much pleafed with our review of 
Mr. Fawcei*s 5ermon (LXIK. 936.) wiibes, 
aa he c mnot mc^t with a copy of it, that tho 
learned author may be prevailed upon to fa- 
vour the i;ublickwi!h a new edition.— 
Wc are afraid that the fird edition is not yd 
fold off; but Mr. Richardfon, in C>»rrdulU, 
can inform him niore particularly. 

Vfritas,vo1. LXIiC. p. 1194, in a-.^fwer 
to his enquiry after the author of tlie Wlioie 
Duty of VTan, is referred to our vol. XXIV. 
26 \ aiid to XLIII. 1I6. 

After the decifive evidence in vol. LXIir. 
p. 1 1 89 ; S. W. will furely not hefitate to give 
Dr. Goldfmith the credit he fojuftly deferves. 
\¥e tliank ABachrlok ; but the paper 
hehasfent us has very little that is << curious." 
L. will be much obUged if Dr. Harritigion, 
or any other of our learned corrclpontJents, 
will favour him with a;) anfwer to tlie f.4- 
lowing queries. Of what nature is the mat- 
ter which is feparated (in the form of air or 
vajwur) from rchncd filver during its ehu.-^ 
hti'jfi when coohng on the tid ? Alfo from 
c.ifl iron, at t'.ic lime it is paffing from that 
date into that of malleable iron, and from 
melted deel when expofed to the adieu of 
the air ? 

A Suffolk Freeholder is received. 

Wc arc highly obliged to Mr. Hrnn for 

his private note. Hi <; account of Sir Eyre 

C«^o \ E dull certainly appear in our next; 

w \th E; "E. A. ^ ocviVt ^tWxVOkfe^^l oC^tie 

Or roufioK from his lair Ihelunlly ft>c, Betpetks herof tlie mKerahle raca, (ftup* 

TbM rovet al will over lliii wide Jomiiii I Whob cabbiiti, noithM'ard of yon fir-cbd 

Fur ts the diIm nf autuma, bir«r far point, 

Thw the gBT lively of Ihe fickle fpiing. Tenant of barren hills! ill-faied mea ! 

OrlmniDer'ifliantingpridei andfaircR new Denied the feund oC tiuly bell, aiidcare 

Atthiic^feafon, hour of fweetrepofe Of licred pallor, therefore ealier prey 

After diurnal toil. . The fober clucige Tofuch,as wiltiihei[do<:lruies,mili:hievou9. 

Of Nature, al her perioil of ilecline, Of virtue unneMlIary, and liti ing fjith, 

yLxeilh*DDfteady thouflit lufolemn tbemet Catch the inirdeeininglH;rd; t.^ltiijil^r ilieirs 

Of highen impoit J of mortal ii;, From moorlands fur rcmoic, ilie pct'ci-'s 
KaAily leading to ili lick decay, feat. 

And Ukeaulumivtl leaf turning to fear, In aftcflalbn vain of Romfin lore, fw.ircs. 

And thence of the dark tomb, and lanJs Mifnam'd Etrurl^ (a drive buck '.he,e 

uDknown [mind JJulen on patient ^h or ftubbiTti mntE ; 

Beyond life's continew, from whence the Joumefing from xofMi to town, ?.-^ cluoce 
Shudd'ring ftafts buk, at from an huleou* dii«As, L"'°!^' 

dream. Ami, when grey Evenint; fpreadi Iwr (juice 

Along the fold ef yonder lingy hill, [boy. Under Itx canopy ut hawlhci i' ihM<-, [keen, 

Rtckleliat i1iiiuEbtslikelhere,7hc Ihepberil Or noollen ruj; oiiriprcad, it' n-i(i(<- bluiV 

Ucmewardnlurning with his flock to reft, Cuuitrnc Hie halniy Harp; miltakEn otc 

Tones hit giy pipe of accent Ihiill but fwect. By paHingliavcUer For ilic va ;rjiit Iriba 

IToi'ble he to match the wubled trill OF fun-ir.ut'd cimplexii'n and :ircii loc^ 

Of Iki'fulFlorio, when aillieaire, M'ho dC2l in p.dmii^v rii<i i.>ij,n,3ru. 
Or on a gala day, fair ladies me II Borne by the rirniEbicti-.ihc voice ofjo/ 

To the (lift ftofKof Tiifcnn inftiutmrt i Refoundifrcmdifl.ini \jl1ey ; *iis tlieinns 

Yd not lefi lively the kind ear to win Of hulb^imlnsan cjioiiiins in full cu^ ^<.«)i^t 

Of tiUaie girl with Stouilh glee or air. Fur liib iU\l Vt^roet^ UvVAVoln^iiii. ^o^ 

Farotberioviiffirn/btiiiJicr.fentlerwaii), V.'heae'iT aVittlfttiMl ^wSyfrKj ^jtaiv, 
t^fonign plains, from biiluM iHit^ecoi'd, Gleanti vC to «lai»5 ie,'»i:« ■vi'ftiVjiA* 

i62 SdeSl Toelr^y Antient and Modern ^ for February, 1794. 

Thowgbtlcfs how near upon the back of Mirth Caftle?, and forcfts, and inchanlcd cav«5, 

Trcail Care and Pain, and unavailing Grief, With ah the gorccius dreams of chivalry \ 

How foon ihe radiant vitat;e of the Sua Tales thAt the hd'ning infancy beguile 

Is by t!ie wint'ry tempell oft ohfcur'd. Of credit eafy n«on, wile Nature yet 

Nor you i blame, ye hirnoJefs revirllcrs, Wenrs her frefh glofs i)f novelty uaroiVd, 

Praifmg boon Nature for her gifts ; but thofe, And from the lively fi<^ion early learnM 

Who, after harveft done of tyrannous war, In the afpiring foul young hopes arc born, 

Cities overthrown and defolated lands, Fair couitefy, and love of gallant dccdi, 

Triumpli, as if fomc glorious aft axhicv'd, And fortitnde, and high heroic worth. 

And, witl\ their idle pomp roocking the But yamifh the gay forms; rmccvillage-belty 

heavens, Obfervant of the Normnn's inftitute, 

Salute in impious hymns the King of Peace. Harfh or tyrannic falfely deem'd, cills l^ome. 

This goodly earth, of frame defign'd fo fair^ And waf n^ us of the keen and bitter air, 

Mountains, and woods, and feas, and over That Evening (heds from her unwhulefome 

head [lamps, breath. 

Hung like a gor«Bous temple with bright Happy the lover at this ftlent hour. 

Was not created t(M>e made the fpoil Who, from the dull fociety of men 

Of facrilcgious robbers ; nor high man, Efcaping, fighs with foldeid arn-s alone. 

Who bears the damp of Godhead in his face, And thro' the yellow w««>d defcries the tower. 

To crouch and tremble at n brother's frown. Like precious cafket folding up his wealth. 

Who iball avertge thy caufe, thou injur'd The faintly (hrine to which his vows are 

Pole, [fang, bent. 

On that fell She-'wolf of the North, whofe Happy the fagc, wfio after fparc repaft 

K.wenous;uid keen aithe wide fey the of death. Trims now his lamp *gainlt midnight hour, 

Tears the fair bofom of thy land > For thee, to ply 

Thou dauntlefs hero, though with dorm befet Deep labour in rcfcarch of fccret means. 

And darkneis, yet the form of liberty, Th»t Nature at her wondrous work employs, 

And glift'ring angel, hovers o*er thy head, Whether in earth, or air, or occan^ dei)th, 

And Ihews thee as a beacon from afar And hence for ufe of human kmd to draw 

To Europe, lod in clouds of deep difmay. Difcovery, of invention now .-tnd ftrange. 

So when dim twilight gatliers round the But, happier than them all, the lab'rer 

fea, [Weft, fwain. 

If chance a parting gleam, (hot from the Repairing wifh fwect deep his weary limb?. 

Light on the maft of vefTcl under fail. As in a bath by luxury i)repar*d ; [ufe, 

The canvas, for a rifmg wind oiKfpread, Thence with to-morrow's earlied dawn to 

Burns, and a fhcct of fire dreadful it fcems Jocund, and with frcrfli fpirit to purfue 

To thofe. who wondering from the coail His lot of daily laN)ur unreprovM — 

behold: Peace to his flumbers 1 and grant tliou, kind 

The fun defcends, a globe of Aaming red. Heaven, 

As if in anger of a guilty world ; That at i»te audit of tlie dread account [free 

And the gay cr>lcur'd cloodf , that ihone fo Ute My courfe may prove like his, unblamM, and 

Attendant on his fiery chariot- wheels, From blemifh of neglcf^ or foul mifilo«d I 

Put on tlieir palmer's weeds of amice grey If, in performance of the talk enjoiu'd 

To meet the filent f^ep of evening ftar. By my Great Malter, I too oft relapf« 

The mift,llow gathermg in peludtint folds, Jn pleafnre or rcmilTnefs, fparc not thou 

Covers the di(lant mountains, rampart high The hand of ftern AtHidlion, teacher bcft 

Rear'd thus by Liberty round Gwyneth's Of wifiom and felf knowledge, to draw back 

realm, My erring (teps to tmck of holier path. 

To guard her warlike forefathers of old. ■ 

Hail, land of ancient heroes, oft I tread PROLOGUE 

With reverential foot thy facred haunts. To HtiCRo for a Husband! 

lue mountains hoar, thro' which the filver B7 the AtrrKOR. 

Dee [roar, TJEIGHO for a Hufbind ? the tkle's not 

Rolls o'er his flony bead with ceafelels V^ bad — 

flu; pebbly mcer of Bala, mantled round But the piece it precedes, is it merry or fad ? 
W \Ui the light drapery of verdant hills. That remaii\s to be prov'd— mean time let 's 
And o'er tlK yawning chafin and loud wave defeant— [want- 
thrown Tho' a faying fo tiite no explaining can 
Font Aberglallyn, work of wizard hand ; At boarding-fchool. Mils, having enter*d her 
'I ticnce fa^ thcr on, Tiftiniog*s various view, teens, [means ; 
Torrent, and clift, and fhade, and the blue» Soon learns of her elders what foft heigho I 
vein Or at home with maroina, reading novels 
Of water, tliat indents the pleafant vale, , fo charming, [niore alarming : 
And Caernarvon's rocks and Meioais'ftream Finds her tender heighos> grow each day 
Uung with the (baggy boughs of Drutd oak. £'ea mamma, as mifs reads, can't fupprefs 
' //<;n?/;j6/;/7^Fai2C7plac'(lh«r elfin heights, the fweet figh ; [heigho 1 cry. 
J^'aw iUntfds, necromvicin tQ(h anddwarfti Aa&) ^tct i^i^ Wt 4Btd) would again 

THERE arelDine hulbuids here, ai I « And pray, my lord, to-morrou-, where 

eonjefluiB, (lefluie — » d'ye dine? [his wine. 

9'bo, before now, have heard a curtain " Faiih I can'c tell ;''--and then hs latfeg 

Our cnnwn draw )i, no leAurc unbeapter Thut liighand low your leflorerexidor*^ 

Than ooe i^n iht natrimoniiil chapter. One higher ftep remains— and tliere he foars, 

IHgiveyouniineinbiid— aiidleiyuukprjw O' would you tom where Hymen's djine 

WhyfpinAcisfora i.ulbandci? heisliol divine. 

Why men run mad foi- wives 'till ihey have In pui-eft ray, and brighleft colours, fUne, 

[o( 'em. Look un the Thiouc ; tor, llymeo there ii 

IlIfearehTooalltdependon'titnlhebaltom. proud, [croud j 

Ikiw fweMly glide il>e hours wixb man and And waves hit loreh in triumph o'er the 

wife t There Majefly in mitdnefs fits above, 

rrit, for a irading pair, inlower lifc— r AndBifesfi'elhluilreto Connubial Ltnel 

When fi«Eal Mis. Muns, on foggy nights, — 

One Cat »nd cheerlefiullow-candle lights, ^q ^^ COUMTRY. 

When ipoufe and the experience, oer f „ „ ,,, 

global, [room, Th« Btt* and thi Wa)7i.. 

Tte trifling iranrpom of the fmall haclCT ^T^Ht vernal Sun'i enliv'ning ray 

While mind) fhi.p'-all lopicks as tliey J|^ To labour cheer'd a hive vf beetj' 

K-niille, fihe candle. Their patient toil, from day 'o day. 

Re fmolces — whilr dearce dams, and (iiiiili Thi piize of induflry atchieves. 

"Lauk] vata fruity niEiit,"— cues (he, — "1 IniainbleakW'inlertcoul'dupon hislhronej 

•' lores Their cells were fiU'd, (heir fiuiuner's talk 

" A froft— ve ff lU fo many furlkin tlcve!.-~ was done. 

" For my pan," — tlien ihe darns — " I think* In full faliety they liv'd ; 

'' the lax [hacks — Their king heneficcnt ia mind | 

•OngUnesvas made to break poor peoples' ' No want pcri>leii'd,i«iMMBi»Ol^'wrf\» 

" 1 thinks that ve \cre i.ix'd befrire ci:i>u^h .' - But peace nn<\ Ti\en\y were tonyam'i, 

•\aioiv«r"— itfuflii:"t;aD,A;— I/itJigives In revelry they (ipp'iii,\«\o'tiQ'i% &.•««■, 

Mpaff. Or in fwect (lamUi> v^^"«i^i« ♦ivrt." '■■'^■' 


164 SiUff Poetry^ AntiifH and Modern, for February, 1794. 

How blefs^d a government iii mild ! ' Tho'.rarial l.lefliogs crown the year. 
But lafttng biifs is not on earth 5 'To picafc u*. hi this tranfient fphere,. 
Fell faaion ami rebellion wiUl, Til! rais'«i tti fhit sh'Wt j 

Receive fr )m ivimpcrM lux'ry bu^h. Yei life wouhl he an iil!e dream, 

lniluleen::e,flOth,anilhroodin;i fpleennv^'.iRn, A pupimt-niou*, an ^jii y fchemc. 
The hurpy hive to wrttched ftriic configu. • ^vuK^.^^nvrxifiu. * 1 . f^vr^ 

An npftart bee firft fticwM his fting, 
• And humming difconteni began— 
«« Shall we, my fi icnds, fupport a king, 
" Who owes his title to mir clan ? 
« Behold his fizc, his awful regal ttaie-r- 
« li\% growth expands from our Uboriais 
« fate. 

^« Shall we fubmit to royal pride j 

Obey his mandate, view his (com?— 

Forgive, my r»ir,*nor yet difdain " 
Tiie verfe, becaufe it doth complain 

Of Love's all-cnnquerins pow'r % ' 
For. all the bemities art can paint 
Without Ins bounty are but faint, ' 

Mere fliadows of an bovr. 

What fictions have the poets told. 
Of Helen and her charms of old^ 
' Recording in her'p.aile ! 

'< To ;Lrms, my friends: for war provide, gm here no fable, 1 '11 declare, 

«' To free equality we 're horn. 
<I^t ht>ailc fw^rms provoke the civil ftnfe* 
And bc^e with bee contend foijdcAth or life. 

But, mark ! fedate, the wifcft bee 

SuiTouiidif ilie throne with noble irei 
The lavilcfs throng fhoui liberty, 
And to tbeur vaunting chief retiie. 
•^le vauiiting chief perfuades the rebel throng 
T' aflail the monarch, wliciUer rjgbt or wrong. 

Nor parent tie or kindred claim, 
When hoft join hoft, regaid ; 
Xach combatant to kiH or niaim. 
Sedition's glory ami reward. 
The father, fon, and bn*hcr, ftrew the 

And death inlatiate heaps the bWvJy mound. 

At length the wafps. a murd'iing crew, 

1 |.c i-chcl-b<rcs to join invite ; 
The fierce invailers quickly flew, 
And Hole the hoiujy with delight ; 
Prctt^nt'cd fnenils t* efpcufe the rrhcj canfe, 
EntiL'd by plunder, and to give new bws. 

The (illy bees too late pcrceivM 

Their treafure rifled by f dfe friends, 
And, oh * by Faaior/s glare deceived, 
r).cftn^6^ion o'er the hive impends. 
In lova! uj.ion 'gainft the wifps ctwbinr ; 
Rcfpoft their kins/ a#id ptfi i<«s p.uriots join. 

The finflious crowd now wait their duftiti ; 

The huniblwl chieftian pi-oftr.ite f dls j 
Gaunt civil war for.peacc;m.ikns room,. 
And the drain'd Uive for jufticc calls, 
Rebellion's guilt is punilh'd ; but ilie fraart 
Reaches loo deep, and llnkcs the kinj^dom's 
heart. A. B. 



.^Y Hamtv LAMOivr. 

WH AT is thii world of ndifc and ftrlfc, 
Thi' anxioi s little fpao o( lifie, , 
\V h:ch wc fo dearly prize ? 
Wliat is the p.'.ihfophic mind. 
Wealth, learning, sludy, raftc rc&u'd, 
SiU forrow ia dJfgmie ? •' • . ' 

Whofe chnradlcr To deboiinair, 
My honed efftiru niif«^. 

Ingcnnoos beauties of the mind. 
By art untutor'd, yet refin'd, . 

One tliat I 've found in thee ; 
Ange) W.IS thy intendeil lot. 
But that creating pow'r forgot. 

And gave thy charms to me* 

Excufe this folly, dearell friend ; 
Weie this frail being now to end^ 
My joys were here completes • 
Nor can anotlier fun arife, 
More than to-day which I can prize^ 
'To morrow may but cheat. 

Ah, FatfehooJ ! could T e'er reHgn 
Thy pkafmg foi m, who now arP min;^ 

My fenfc& (me mul> love t 
With thee f«ir ages confd I rtay. 
Not ever wi(h, till c lUM away 
' To join the joys above. 

Ye hcc«!lcf> crew, by pafTion fway'd, 
Toenilty thoughts you are betray M, . 

VVheie l.ovc is nor fincere ; 
I vow by aM the guardian pow'rs, 
Th^t ti-uth in Love fui-palTes yours *, 

Of that my miud is clear. 

Tlio* penury thonid threaten hard, 
Fear from thy honed heart difcard ; 

' I'm*,' Providence is nigh ; 
On him our cares we may repofe, 
-\Viifi4e promife is gone forth Co thuie. 
That on his word rely. 

Sweet are Ultqi'bfuftie^' of the morn. 
Sweeter the flowVs the fields adoro. 

And bright each proffXrCl round |. 
Yet fertile Fancy cannot trace, 
A bloom, a charm, a fweet, a grace^ 

But what in Love is found. 

For, (hould we rove the hills and fields^ 
Where Nat are all her treafure yields, . 
- And diarming does appear : 
Yet neither u'oods nor fiehis can pleaft^ 
Tho* forro'd by N 'tore for our eafe, 
U nlefs the fair-one's near. 

* Scribcri jvjjit wmxr^ 0^\t»% 


'^tdirn, for fcbnuTj, 179*. ifie 

HORACE, BnoK 1. Ode ii, iuitati»\ i 
' I 'HE nun of innocence of hran 


AkElioiao PaAoHiBT nroNA 

"^ ■ . C0tlIT«V PAJTom. ■ ■ - 

'T*ELL, gtiuU Tbjt^, tella Qranger- 

' ^bn nieaju the Cdeinn Clciice of the plain ? 
Do lioriDi pmliAed Doir impendng lour, 
tViUtlunlKtiftrcriiis, orwaiwandevanr? 

Va llortnt predifled, anil no wan wa fcaj-. 
Gay Ihiilcs [lie Ipring, and plentj halll tbe 

Theron 1 I knoiv Ihat name— my parttd fire 
Taught lis ro lifp ii hy our homely fire i 
Oh ! how he 'il talk about ihat pious man, 
11 far from hence his p^tft'ral care began: 

id frnfeio r 

iglit the 

•Twas tie awoke Ihrm to n fecond birth j 
Old traths he i.Mght, ilicy '<i iarceiy heard 

befnie, fmoie. 

Nor found ilie liearerk men, but telt (htm 

Oh, Morlan 1 had il been thy yonlhful lot, 
Lilt* me, long fince, t" have known this 
i alter'J fput, 

M Theioii'i virtues more you'd be amaz'd, 
Tlii>, worfe than Hell, to near a Heav'n l,e 


Al3s ! young fwaiii, tm feeble are our lays, 

An eagle's Ilrcjigili Ihoulil dare the day's 

lion, miJrtgid ID tbt Mamry of m 0!J LaJf. 

WHAT meed otloiTaw can tlie Mufa 
bellow, [woe I 

To (uothe ihs mind, and fympathife with 
How fades the poeti bayi and Ihrinkt from 

When gneF. dejeSeJ, cenrti the Cjble yew ) 

The idle pagenolt of deluAvean 
But faintly note tlie (etUnss of the heart, 
While more congenul to the gloomy bier 
Is penfive iiiaeti and tbe fitenc tear. 

If wortli depaitnl ever claim'd a righ. 
Or dimm'd with pious drops tbe beimingeiat 
If excellence enlhrln'd in mortal frame 
Could grace tcfiff). and (anifiify a naine, 
'T was yonn. fair (pi ritlwhofofiiperioi mind 
Viiliie uniiohlcd, ientimeiit refin'di 
Rci>er'dbyfi'<end;,aodbylhewarld approv'd, 
III death lamented, as in life belov'd ; 
To mix with angels in the realms of light 
Thy kindred Ibadc hatb (vius'd its peaceful 
fUght. X. 

iSiIe»J, and comfoiE i; 


OccuJJcHtd hy a J^lltr in c. ji, 

FY, BoMv I btft^r, and talk big 1 
Foreco th' unmanlf ((iiarreU 
Here— tate'^our Majl"" imjnl>-l%Tii, 
Bui fpave i, Laily't launt. 

[ i66 3 


FK A N C E, eontinued from p. 73. 

f ^. J. npHE report againft BrifTot, and 
^793- the other aircfteU Deputies^ 

wtMCh had been fo lonj and anxiouily ex-, 
Jh:(51ow1, was prefenred by Am^. 

1 he Convention obfcrved the moft pro- 
found filence during the readings of it. After 
Amar Itad conclu<dH; tho (bllowing decree 
Vikl propoftd I 

1. Thar the Conveotiqp (houM accvfe the 
afrefted Deputies, forty-three in number — 
Annong the red Egalit^, of having coiifpired 
agaiiill ihe unity aiid iiidivifil^iiity of the Re* 

2. They (hMI immediately be tried by the 
Rcvohitionary Tribunal. 

3. The prefent decree is not 1:0 produce 
any alteration in the acoufation againft ^uzot, 
1>>uvtt, and Petion, vtha are aceulcd of being 
irairors to their country. 

4- 1 hulie who ligned the Proccfts of the 
6th ami 1 6th of June laft, and who are not 
mentioned in the firCl article of the deciee^ 
IhaU imnnediktely be put in a Aate of arrell, 
aiKl their etfedls iealed up. The Committee 
of General Safety ihall prepare a fep irate 
report relative to them. Fifty-four iu nurp- 
ber. . 

It was decreed* on the motion of Levaf- 
feuTy that the names of all the Members in* 
eluded in the dtcree (huuld be called over. 

It was alfo decreed, on the motion of 
Moiitai'.r, that the arrefted Member^ IhoulU 
be ftrni t ) prifon. 

The arretted Deputies, in obedience to the 
decree paflfed on the motion of Lcvaflcur, 
were brought to the bar. — Their names were 
then called over. 

After they had retired from the bar, they 
were c(>:niu(5led into the room where peiiiio- 
Dcis wait. They there drew up a petition, 
^ which they made a pioteflation of their 
ion«ccme, and fwoic that they had never 
conspired again ft their country. 

The rcauing of this adiircfs in the Con- 
vention was int«ri*upled by a Member, who 
n>ove«! tlie Order ok the Day. DccrircJ. 

Hilland Varenne<?. — •* The Convention has 
j'.jft pcrfu; meJ a fignal a<ft of juftice- But 
uLy tjiis delay with refiieCt to that wom<n 
"Xho has occjfioned the (hedding of fo much 
Wi»od? Need I mention the name of the 
wf;nun to uhom 1 ;illude ? Need I fay that 
ike is the widow of Lx)ui6 Capet? — I move 
th4t tier ti iU before tli« KevoIiKtouary iii- 
biin.i! bt^m this week " 

The mof.on was agreed to. ' 

Gi:}. 6 Barrere ccnin'unicated a letter 
from ihcConimiflary ct War with the Army 
of the Ri.m^;, aur.ouncing, tliat a mirinitr- 
prtt.t.^^n ui the Law of Sept. 5, has occa- 
fiontd th': Gt»s tTyirmei of L'lntvillc, the 
J-icrch CusvJs', ind all wc /ubaitcrai and 

foldiers who have fervcd in tho Military 
College of tbc late King ever fmce 1775, io 
withdraw themfvlves from the nrmy. 

Harrcrc propofed the plan of the following 
decree uj>on this fubjed, which was adopted. 

The National Convention, after having 
heard the Repurt of its Committee of Public 
Safety, decrees : 

I. " That tlwfe r^o have been fuUal terns 
and foldiers in the r/-^^tf>«r French Guirds^ 
the ei-devtutt H'irfc-Grcnrdiers, Uie ci-devant 
Gen^d'/iimis of LuneviUc, and who are in the 
armies of the Republic, are not iocludrd in 
the Lasv of Sept. 5, unlelis they have ^''Vea 
proofs of ineivifm* 

II. " The Commanders in Chitf are 
cb.frged, upon their peifon:^! refponfi* 
bility, to rrcaU to their ports thofe vrho 
have quitted th-.m, fn»ra a wrong interpre- 
tatioT) of the law. 

ill. « The StalT-Omccrs of the Army 
of the Rhine ihall acqiaint the Convention 
with I he motives wh?ch have induced ihem 
to apply the Law of Sept. 5, to thefe indivi* 

IV. '* The Decree of Sept. 5, can only be 
applied to the foluiei-s and lubalteros of cho 

Ocf. 7. A deputation of Republican Fe« 
males adnutted to the Bar. 

One of them faid, " Lci;iflators, your Reli- 
gron was yefterday furpr.f'^d. Intriguers and 
c iUimniaioi-s, not being ^ble to And crimes 
among us, have dared to compare usrto the 
Medicis, to an EngUfh Elizabeth, to an An- 
toinette, and to a Charlotte Cord6. Nature 
has, witheut doubt, produced a monfter 
which has deprived us of the Friend of the 
People : but are we anftverable for that 
crime } Was Cord^ a member of our foci- 
ety ? We are mc»re getierous than the men ; 
our fex has produced but one monfter,' 
whilft, for thefe four years paft, we havo 
been betrayed and aflairmated by numberlcfa 
mon'^ers of the mafcuhns fex. Our riglits 
arc thofe of the people, and, if we are op. 
preffcd, we know haw to oppofe refift.ince 
to opprcffion. — This petition was referred to 
thz Committee of General Safisty. 

Romme, as organ of the Committee of 
Public Reftitutfon, caufed to be decreed two 
additional articles to the law refpe^ling the 
Republican Calendar; the heads of whi^h 
are ps follows. *' All public afts may be 
puffed and enrcjiftercd any day in the month 
aid year ; the Adminiftratiiws and the Tri- 
bunals cnn only hive holidnys on the lothy 
20th, and 30Th, of the month." 

Oft. 9. Barrere obferving on the urgent 
neceHliy there was to piohibit the impor- 
tation of all Eoglhh merchandifes into 
Frj£ce, the following decrees wcic pafTcd s 

Avt. \m 

w/ Cemmhtt lit Franoi^ tfij 

III. The Execotivc Power it rtquiraj u 

Art. v. AH perloni publilhing the lule ol 
fach uticki AM be fubjeA (o Che abova 

Art, VI. AB French cUizcni w bo t\ive 
tax ftntiflt manufa<^urcs ill tlieir p;>!TclIian 
ffluUmMr'ui icconnt of rhim Wiihii 15 
difi to Che MnnivijHUt'rt neareft to >ibich 
tticj refide. The Munlcipalniesfhitl remit 
fcch noiiceta the Executive Council. 

Art. VEI. The BniilhrnrrchinJirrS, found 
ill ibaiiiflknini maeni^ir: ir fhrp$, ihall be 
remiveil (o A'cb placts :ts t:>c Executive 
Council Qiall appoint; nithi^ut 3><y intiem- 
luty bang given to the owners of ihem. 

Read ■ letter frnai Ponime, the Civil 
AJmioiftrWir of the Pionfohary Marine 
JD the Southern fOTt^ to the Miniltrrof the . 
Mariiw, ilated Matkillcs, OA. i.i^rorniing 
h<m thiittlie Troops of the RcpLli^ic, unJer 

the commaiKl of General Cariraur, have f.nin (he lill of the C.-vni of tbo Krpublic 
juft Idled Chefom Phamn, Ait>-e>, and Ttici'-umrn uf ii'mfeS[>ii:leneJ ihalltieQCo* 
S;iote Caihenne, the pnlleiliuii nr" which f«-[i1i l-tir thr name ol V.He Affrancliid. 
alfurcs the tpccdy redu^on of the Imche- V. *' A column (hn'l be rxiki upon the 
mis Toulanafe, and Ihc piiiii(hmenc of itte rains of Lyoiis, to 3:utl to pi)(ienly Uk 
tiaiionLof thucitiT. crimes anJ pufl.lliincnl of tlie KuyilifttoC 

Filled wiih indi|!iiaiion hi the crime com* tlut city, M,hti this infcHpLioii : 
initnd hj the Engtifli againri a Rcprcrent*-. " Ljruns naircj againfl Libeitj'! 

tive of the Peop'e, the ConveiilLii decreed " L/^as is no nir^ie. 

Cifullowt: " TlleiStii .'av u( ilte iit niontlj, 

Art I. Art the EnElil*, Scotch, Irifti, and " Second ,e<rij'il* Frcncli Republic, 
Hanoverians, of either fex, nud al! the fub- ■' One .-uid iudTvifible. 

j«fliQf the King nf Crest Mritajn r,ciier.ill>-, VI. " The Repi^lenlsLii-es i.f the Peopld 
wboareat pcefent wiiliinany pari uf Hie fliall immeili.itcly nnniinate Coiumi:fiunen 
lerriiorlties of the Rtpi^Hic, (ball, Imme. lo make a lift of all the propeity which bo- 
diaiet]' after llie ptefent Decree it ie=eived, luiiged in the rich and the Counter Kevulu- 
be put in ■ ftaie ofariefl in hoiife; nf (ecu- [ioailisuf L)ons, ihar the refululwiis uf tiie 
Tnj, and (eati Ibqll be pM upon Itieir papen : Cunvcniion may be imnledialely carried into 
and ilie efle^s uf Hio(« fnhfefli of t>« fame Bieculi.Ki." 

IJlion who arc abfent (liall be feiied, and Ofl 16. St. juflprefetitetl, frDtn th« Com. 

canfifciited for the beiielit oF tlie Republic. mittee of Public Safety, the «n the 

II. All rsuiner!, waretioiifemen, kc. of decree Jgaiolt Biitilh fuhjeils, which in tbe 
filch effcils, Ihall ^e obliEed to make a de- billing of the 1 8ih had been ordered, on (ha 
climion of them, within 14 Iinurs afrcr the motion of Pont de Verdiia, to be reconlidei- 
publicjtlon of he prefcnt I'ecree, to the ad- edby Ilie Commiitet. 

miniftration of their diftrift, iindor pain«t " TheEnghlli," excbimod St. Juft, " in 
ten year* imprilonineiit in chJns, -itid fines their cmduiit tnwardt us, ^a'ji n\uUv«^\t\'Kib 
«(idl 10 the Talue of the uiideeJsred olyefl, moll atrociims tn-HMim att l.V.e\^•«^ -.A o»- 
bdf ivb«i''rM(i'<A< w/iiraier. t\»os, and ih: <tecie« vl\i«li\vuVMaf il^ 


Pjrocic dings of the National Convention In FrancCt [Feb. 

15 a juft retalbtiofi for the diftruft which the fappnfed, that they might have been er> 

•Er.gUlh government has produccil in the nufteJ with fome feci cl«» of impoi-rance. The 

niinili of all tine RepubHcaiis. C« nmluee dire«5leJ them to be feat to the 

" It been propofcd by a Member of Luxembourg, where t'ley were treated with 

the Convention (Pons de Verdun), that the 
ilecrse (hould \» extended to all foretgnei s. 
It fljould be rccollcfted that the Republic 
does not wage war with the people^ but witli 
the government of Great Britain. 

" We are the friends of the people of 
Great Britain, whom we wiQi U) affift in 
iliaking off the yoke of flavery. 

^ Since the English h:*vc bntcbered one 
of 6ur Reprefentaiives at Toulon, tne HouOe 

all that attention whirh was doe to them. 
Th.eir confmement was to expire in 24. 

** The Committee deputed fome «f its 
members to wait oa Chaveau and TroulTou 
de Coudray^ the pleaders, to take their de- 

Chav«3u's declaration was as f.l'ows : — 
*' My conference with • Marie Auioiiiette 
lafted no more than three qunrters of an 

ot Commons ought to efi^itain great appie- hour — and the convcrfatiou wascaricU on 
henfions for ilieir exiftence. The blew lou'l enough to be heart! by four perfons wha 
which they meditated agoinfl us will fall upon ^-cre in the room. Antoinette n)ade nu de- 
their hcai^s. cl^i atiun to me of importance, Ihe fpoke 

" Thofc, whowi(hthatth«i idwfhouldbe only of hertraal; in all her quetlions fhe 
extended to all foreigners, do not fee that \dircov'ered tlio deeped difTunalatioii. TUe 
ether powers have not adopted the (ame only unguarded phrafe Ihe made ufe of, was 
motlc of condu^ as the Englifh government, the f«jllowing t * I fear no one b»)t Mmuel/ 
\Vc ought to be in a ftate of revolution— of *t The fubfequent trait is a fufi'icicnt proof 
force and energy againft people who conquer of her artifice— As (he was on lier way from 
only by artifice and corruption ! The Re- the Revolutionary Tribunal to ti»e Concier. 

gerie, after her firfl examination,' flic afked 
me if I did not think tlut ih<r infafed tod 
much dignity into her replir-s? I put the 
que(\>on to you in confcquence of heating a 
wt)min fay to her companto^i, * Obfervc 
how pioad fhe is !* 

Troulfon's decl.iration was as follows : 
" Mai ie Antoinette cot>fiJed notliii'g of 
importance to me.— Slie only gave me two 
pieces of gold and a l«ck of her hair, which 
(he requefted me to fend to a woman of the 
name of Piorris, who lives at Lyvry, wi*h 
the female ciiizcn La Porte. — Piotris^ flit 

public of France conquc? s by open force. 

" Brilfut blitded the eyes of the Conven- 
tion hy hs falfc philofopby: it :s cndea- 
Yonred now to blind you by f.dfe |v they. 

« Your Conimittec of Public Safcy h«ve 
ordered me to propofe the following form of 
a decree. 

I. Foreigners, born fubjedlf^ of Povrers 
with which the Republic is at war, (hall be 
imprifoued till tiie peace. 

II. They (hall bo ir«ate<l with tenderncfs 

III. Women, married tofoi-eigncis before 
the promu»gati«i of this law, (hall not be 

coropnfed in it -unlefs they (hould be fuf- f^id, was her panicular friend." 
pe^d ttiemfelves or married to a fufpe£tcd 

Barrere attached the epithet of fffta to 
the decree; for, it was to be executeu without 
any exception. 

. •* Tlie Englilh," he exclaimetl, " have 
committed the moft (hocking barbuiiy io 

FoRiiclf Intelliokncb. 

Genoa, ytw. 10. On the 17th of Decern* 

ber, the Rnglifh conful remitted a note to 

our Government from the Britifli minidcr 

rufidcnt atTuao, winch announced, that hii 

Britannic Majefty wwuld permit the Re* 
irnrt'cring in cold blood the National Com- public of f^enoa to fend deputies to Toulon, 
miihoncr at Tonlon. This is an infamy t„ treat with the Ln^lifh commitTioncrs, 
whidi can cn^y be expiated by the dellruc- 

tioii of Great Britain." 

Several objertions were fu 
fome of the Members, but tliey 


cftcd by 
were re- 

Lord Hood, Mr. Drjke, and Sir Gilbert El- 
liot, &c. t\\evQ to determine what fatisfa^ion 
tlie Republic (hould make to his Majefty. 
The Republic refolved not to treat on this 

jc^ed, and the foim «f the Decree, as pio- groond, and efpecially with Commiffioners 
pofed by the Committee of Public Saicty, ^y^o a^uaUy blocked lip its port*. - There- 
was adopted, fore, when the commifhonors, afker the 
rU Extcu T ION oftbf Qu t EN. c iptuTc of TouloH, caufed the government 
Vnullaml, m the name of the Committee of Ccnoa to be informed, that its deinttiea 
of General Safety, informed the Conveir.ion, ftiould be received at the Hiera iflands $ anil 

that the trial of Marie Antoinette had lalted 
ihree days — thv, being found guilty, (he had 
been condemned to death, and had t)een exe- 
cuted an hour ago. 

<< Immediately after the fenteoce had been 
p:tffe<\, the Committee, as a meafureof ge- 

that, afterwards, the Englifh CAmmiilioncrs 
would perfooally repair to the Gnlph of 
La S^zzia; tke government anfwered, that 
it had charged its Envoy at the Court at 
London to treat direAly with the Briiifh Mi- 
nifter, in order to obuin juftice, for a ceflii* 

nersl Maty, ordered the tW) official plea- tion of hofblities, and that the neutr afity of 
M/erf, who had been a/Iowad to defend Marift iVi« KftSuNiUc ftx^^Nj^ XtC^iOnd, *c. 

lit EvacuaticH ff^TouIoD. jfia 

ation WM M iske f.l.Ke at eleven o'clock at 
niRlit hj Ihe Hlurf of Fwt Li Miltue, to 
K Jiidi lhe)i were lo retire from (In Iown> 
In Ihe evening, .Sublctic and Ca;v Brun were 
tvaciiaiei!,' and th« trw>p9 which |>rril<<iied 

luliuu, nersmet. We kuemhai ihe army Tniiuilo, navj-lieiileruntij wliilo Adm:ial 

•n Ihe eaft hatl got pufleflion of Ibe moun- Lord Hood appoihied Captain Sir Sidney 

bin of Pbaron, wline (here appearei) an Smith, nha lad nn pofl inihe Britilh fqua- 

iiDDMire number of trunps ; :ind coiifiJcring dron, ani jiime sf ihc lieuteiuinD of Ihtt 

the critic*! filuauons of the (qviadionsi lixed fqunlrDn. Thii nperaiioa iras uiitipletelj 

in a ftatioii <lifGculi U leave ihe pori, and efl«jted, having fecurely redimd to afbn th* 

e mniitli of It, in aifcnal, »i h lUe (hips and edificei within it, 

: rcfifting even a Ihe difmantled Ihipi only exce|jitd, which, 

D be burned, or for the pUrpole of ferving ihe troopl for 

o»iT ol the ene- qiiatlei"!, were in the mole or port of th« 

ilvifable to leave chain, of utiidi the Republicani of the tovn 

: the alUn.mie cf tivk puireflinn as loon j; they faw ihem frea 

ij, it WM uoani- fiom iroopt Two (hipi of 74 jura, which 

aiiiale it in ihe Uy in Ihe Little Road, were alfu let on fin, 

Jored (irdi nance, luie of whicli cnntained tlo Republicani,' 

.1 poflible prnmp- « lio a|;rted tn abandon her on the termt of 

if the favi.urahie- being pin on-lliore, whicli executed ac- 

ijueDf.c I ordered ccirdi;>(:ly. In tlie f^nie manner blew up 

to move to the ttiofrigaieslailen wiUi4aoqiimIaliiif pow- 

behind only the der, in eacli of wtiich a torch nf fire na) 

te> Santa Cecilia put by Don FrancTcn Rw;ueiine, who la 

ill lu b« ready to this enurprixe has (hewn muA diflli^uiflied 

icuer. mcitt 1 ai liavc aUu tlie other two ofiicers, 

who rem.iined for a Ion; time under the fire 

ofmulqiietiy uf the infurgenlsof the town. 

Abniit lh« middle of the night of the igtb, 
tl;o wesitier j-pve fi^ns of changing ; and [ 
rtdilvcj lu I'jiil '>fl a liule ftnw v\>eWijaNi, 

ti» adilUoce fined 
tomibeltoophof Toi 
Qtui. M*o. />->. 

lith, ihefiukgot 
SpaiiiaiJf. The 
ration, a! «.etl as 
ilth wen fUiou- 
11 icoivc >n ;. few 
cin, wl.uiecnbJjk- 


tyo* Evacuation §f Toulon.—- Ctf^/irr/ ef Pondiclxcrry. [Ftb. 

Htufquce fhocdiften^.anJ^ wits 'm -the banJs whicli wa« faairded and taken; the other 

of x\\c eiiemf t Wk a («>utlierly tvimi cowing Wiis' aftei-\vj|-d!S huartUU, h»t fct fire to bf 

ibcnit, when this (hip w.t;i geuingjuiTUer faily the At^eiines, atul ftKNi after blew op ; 

ohii^d me ro ktzp the f«ime plac<^, atiU gnve thnfe of the crew ttiac were taken tui. with 

A>e ;ip{H-etiefi(ioiii of not heing aHle to fjil the Sardiiiian^i thr.t lumi^ed overboard weie 

wheii tl>e tfo«»p^ ihoukl b«r gailiered together, cut in pieces by the reft^of tlie enraged crew, 

Oti (!:\y-hrfAktng. 1 had tnrelUgBnge ttiat tbe five Nripofitan drives excepted, 
ftery b(t retiinant of the trOojn uas ready to Gem»^ Tat 315. Tlie block nde of our 

cnihaik) and determined to go oilt wkh the port, ^7 (he FM;:^}}(h altNi^t is raftn^ cUife 

fi|tta«kri ji befioro rlic Awe 'nft: of the fen (b^uki than ever. Befides (hips of tke hne tsiA fri- 

frndir it impoifiblc ; f ^ r whidi purpofe I gatesy ttif y employ brigs and ctittt'R') which 

orJeird (bat .lU fhoi^ld get under fail, and come cb%fe 10 tl>« (hoie, .wd give chafe to 

j^ct oiit u Hh a'l fperd ; which wai e^edted ' 'tlie fm;«Ucft vel&U. .Several Genoefe (l#pt 

with')ut any loft, and wiititnit mulcftatioii luve run Mllrire, rather thin be made prices 

firum the canwMi ami tnoHjMii wliich tlie enc- oi . or feiit (o t^hbniy and ibnie have.b9>n 

mv dire^^ed af ainft m,- endeavonring to an- touUy loft, 
nriy us with ctieir fdfils fnnn the Watc^h ■■* 

Mount} where tliey bad not had time ta Ea»t-India Kjtws. 

mourn their artillery. This mancBOvre, The Oafette'of F«^.S, c(>nArmst!ie newi 

and the freeing the ve(reU with th9 reqw- tftour la(l, by difpotcles fn*m th^; V.miitt^ 

fftc difpatch, lias loft the* tbips fume qji* ComwairiK; wlKi,in a letrertki Mr. Dmij;»s, 

bitf; and anctlorit which Ihey ^ili have io ^-om Port St. George, Sept. 16, f;iys i 
remtl ire. " It wa^ireported at Pomliclierry that con(i- 

As tl:e wind fre(hened )ffAm tKe S. W. derable irinf nccipentt wr-re rxpede.1 fixim 

Tjfk pui Aiatce of th:^ Royal mandate of the' the ifle of Fgi ce, uni'er ihe c««uiiy of t!te 

91I of Odoher, which it pleafrd your ExceU Sybille of ^ guns ami thre^ fm:iH«r fri- 

kncy to fend me in cife of ahnndoning gales; and we were in fonuduiibt wli^tlrer 

Ton'cniy I have eiit -red ttus bay, le^iviivg the Admiral Comualtis, viha b[Qckcd up the 

S:ui Joachim and tbe fiigates Cecilia and place by Tea with the Minerva frigarenndi 

Fio'ciuioa jci'uising about Totiton, to m- three Iiidianr.en, would h.>ve bceii able to 

ftirm of this new's'any veT!el thit may be< pt«%'ent the fuccours from being landed; ^^ 

hi>un4toth!it port. Btit 1 will take advan'ag? the Sybille, wluch was the only (hip nf the 

6f the ftrft fiivedrahle moment to proceed to enemy'b tluit ap|ieared duriii^ the fieg'-,t 

* Milion fur the convenience of the firk^ and wen^oif inmieitiately tipbo being cluifcd by 

to leave there the tfnops and emigrant*, as Admiral Cornwallis. and lus not iiiice Vctiv 

Aifr provifione are fo- fmnll, compared wiih heard of oh tliiscttan. 
6ie number of people, tlvat I h.ive b« en oh- «* I wa* veiy dtfirous of givin; my rerfotn! 

!i;ed to put them all at 6alf a rr^tion fince affiftance in ca^r}Mng on the la(t piece of 

. yclterd:iy. fervtce that was likely to occtir during my 

Fin- thete confifderations T'fhnll not be able^ day in^ndia, and embarked on*b<Mrd a fm^ill 

ttrlcAVo in thi«> ^^itarter ra.»n: tlt;n fo\Jr fri-' French ve£R;ly that bad been filled and 

frates until the veffels, fi«l of f o extraoroi- arnnl in BengM^ ai foon as I ci«uLl av.iil 

Ainry an incumbriince, can fend tume (hips, myieif of th' convoy of the WiMHk'ore In- 

, AfimirM Lord Hood has given me to tin- diatnan, which hu\l been* taking in nevir. 

tlri-tt:uid, that he remain:( liere to hlocic up malb at Calcutta, and widWiut which I did 

TouUmand Marfeilles, thfpatchin^ tbe troi>ps not think I could with prudence hazard tlief 

ii\ other vefTels of his fqitadron, arid in tbiC Toy age, at lea(t while i lieM the office of 

- cafe there is not fo uigent necedky. Govemor-Ceiveral. 1lie Triton Indianiao, 

I hope, that, in fo i.npfeafant an event j^ which Admiral Comwallis and Sir Charles 

.which t fimi myfelf, although wi'h gnef, Oakcley f'-n*, at my reque(l, on account «>f 

ob*i*ed to comnnmicaieM your Excellency, the iliflfculty and unceitainty m «|mppjng 

1 Unll be h'Mioured with his M jjedyS the Wiwdcote, arrived a few days before ws 

approbation of t»ie fqnnMm oni»er my failed, and returned with us. ' 
cotim^nd, in which, 1 beheve, much ho-- ''Kythe great and meritorious ex^iont of 

nonr has been done to his Maje(^*^s marine the gmreroment of Fort St. (Seorgef in franf* 

nixmng the Allied Krt^oft* ; haviiYg acctHti- porting tlie ordnance fhiref, &c. fitr (b con* 

. plithed the emberkini^ .ill the trnops .-md fidemble an undertaking, and thcife of Co* 

tftck, difenragimr che (hips froattrd iti tlie Ibnel Braithw4itc> and of tlie troops under 

» 'inferior fM\ iii the Little road> aiid hnniitrg his cororo;^nd, in carrying on the attack* 

the arfenal, (hip^, and (hipping, In only 24 our batteries were opened againft the place 

hiMirs* And in the middle of an boflile army, footierihanr 1 expe^edi and the mutinom 

/ GiHi grant yo>ir Kxcdlency many years tod dalhutily conditfit of the gariifoa ob« 

Ship Conre|ieion, in the kny of Hye^, Ifged the governor to forrender Uie forts fe- 

J PAS DM La!coaiia y Huakt. vcnA dayf btffore my arrival, .iml before the 

72ar]^, TJwre heea a iScrt^e engagemeiti aMval of five companies of BiengaJ artillery , 
•rfia ///c' \rodiici:inc:m bt^Uveeii two Sardinina and twe\v«* oomtiMvie^ v(h6C^M¥) wlndv I 
•'r//c/< ;,m/ twv Algviiite chffbccs. one o£ had embwrtted onAwaccd \ft %j»V^fwAei*% 


irtiie^ by lite governor genera'. <o ifemoUfh 
rtiefori'ificatioiiioriliatlowii — The I'r:ince«, 
an] twu «ilien of iIk Trii^, liai! prncreJ^J 
011 ttwir ViijSEe <" fliina. . 

lichindir, who ha<) decbiKd tlimrE:F In be 
»pn>|dl«, inilopTwfes thedpotrinesiif Hi- 
hoRiet, had circula^ad t^t'CTtall uverliHiia, 
decUriiig, tliu, m Novtmbtr f79 J, lie would 
'affitBlhle «ii army irf 30,000 men, wid fftb- 
Jagsl^all Hinitolian— in Notemhei il^^he 
W.1S lacf>mptecett>e(ih}e£l of hitrnffinn. 
Tbe lulIawiDg oflicers IM beCate PoixK- 

Litutenant Cclmwl Gsori^ Mail'ti cliief 
enEinnr. 51J rcsimtnl — LJeulenjuj Line. 
-73d— Ciptain GalpiBg, UiUl. M'Girgnf, 
aad £n(<gn TaiM. id Nllive B.)t[.i]ioii— 
Ueui. Cawthorne. 15— Pew. t'enivxlt. 

Ships arrived at aiW (ailed from FoK St. 
George, iiiHw Uie advices per Scorpiuii, biled 

oa. the 10th, 1793, 

Sailed — ScorjiiiMi, C. Sett-v, En g and, Sept. 
'IT, ij<n > VV»<ia, NixJAU Luwc, C«l- 
1, Sept. »J. " - ■■■ ■' '-'-■■ 

de Vnncx in November laft, aiul rn 
the Cape ■>( CothI Hui<e. Tlie Mian 
£<;i>|atilietUt ui Oftnb*r,iirri*rd ai ili 
[lie 9[l>u(Drceinbei',inlfiitcd [lie •til 
Tlie fiiriivoisiif iliefuITLn^t.iiil 
uf [Iw Wii<lert.>» EfliV ln<iM<i;!iii, lofi 
time Aiire, iinri w)i<> Lilcvu tlieir 
iiiariiflny«!ecty'zer,hutwh^Ii wa 
by ii French bnt near Cevluii, III Sejii 
tthtn l.ievitenaiK Kra^nrif^ ^^nd 11 
prii'!,le> Wirt frni on Inwid me lirig. 
cnotei (en: li the M:'.ui itiii^. 'I hit h 



1 wm-ai 

^, Chailt 

S(«n;on,4nru,»JOai*W;,iJill/hiriii3h, Fd- ■ «: 

JCuM/w. Prfi Riy^—" The Antelope 
OD ilie coal) of Cubn, i.ot f^r fium Cuniber- 
luid harliuur, fell in wiih two fct.ouiiep, 
apparenlty uf (omc turcc ; ihc mailer bore 

(ip foi Jamaica; the Atalania, one of tbe 
pov-ieers out liileJ hii- coofiit, led her, 
and coi.tiitucd the ch-ieeaU djy , and liJI abput 
f«ii r. M.when,thi!iviiid failing, Lho lowed 
lip Willi ihe pacKet, and, having exchanged 
fcve'al Ihms, (liiered off ^gjiii. During itw 
ni^lii Ihe ftrt^i-aij-j featt Act«t>, »bA &»•- 


InUf^Jilrtg InteUigtnce from the Weft Indies. 


having rcccivc<l intcUigrncr that the Irc-m- 
Hantfr»gat< wa3 cxpctleU to leave Poii-.Ju- 
Priace lo convoy a Wrc armed mei chani- 
mao.— On the day following 1 fell in wvtii 
his Majefty's (hip IphigcsKt, Captain Sin- 

morning, it being calm, flie rowed up and 
gtnppled (he j^Dtelniie on the ftaiboard fiile, 
po(ii-ns^ in a hroadfiUe, aud n^ade an attempt 
to boaid, which was repu!f«d with great 
ll.tughter ; by this brMdfule, unfortunately, 

tl'>e mader, Curtis, who commanded, fell, clair, to whom i ^aveoiders tt> keep c()m« 

as did the fhip's fteward and a French gen- psiiy, and was prucoetling to Port-.-)u tViiKe, 
tleman^ aid de-camp to Monfier Li>ppciios, . when I wus inlormed from Lct^gamic tlut ilao 

a paiTcdgcr, aod the firil mate was (hoc Inconllant had Tiiled with iuro fiuall vctlds 

ihioufih the body; the comm.uid then de- for PcBit Tr^'U, hut was daily cxprcled b-ck, 

voiveii on the boailwain, for thti feoond mate '< I immediately made full witli iiitcni ion of 

had died of the fever :ilter tlieir failmg from trying to take or dKl\iov her in the larbour ; 

Poit-Royal, who, with the few men left, hut onth.- nighiof tf»e ifwh we had thegoinl 

alfiflcd hy the palfeic^rs, repulfed federal fortune to fall in utLiiher; and, after ex - 

attempts to board, during a coi^fiderabls time dunging a few broadlides> (be llniwk livr 

the velltrh'weie along fide. Ttlie boatfwain 
at laft obferving that they had cut tlieir grap* 
plinps, aod were attempting tolheeroff, ran 
aloft himfelf, and lafned the primteev's fquare 
fail yard to the Antelope'* f(»re (hnmds, and 
immediately pouring in a few vtiiiesof fmall 

cok)ut s to the f i igatoSi 

'* The Peuclope had uoe man killed and fe- 
▼en woumled ; among the Litter is Mr. John 
Allen, midlbipn an. The Inconftant liad 
fix killed^ amonf^it whom was the hrft lieu- 
tenant ; and the ciipuin and ao woandcdj 

aims, whidi did great cxccutit»ti. the ixc* three of wlicm aic fince de<td. 

vivorsof the fchooner's crew called for quar- 
ter, \\ hich was imroediatirly granted them. 
The pi ize was taken poflef^on of, and car- 
ried iuio Annotta Bay about r i next moi ning. 
The rf\ntelope failed from PoixuRal with 
27 lunds, but fiiur K>n befote the atflion 
hy the f . vcr»^ and t!ieii two unfit fur duty) 
fo tlia:, reckoning four d^ad. tuo ill, ami the 
do6l<<r, who muA necellai ily go to his qnar- 

*• Fiom-ihe gaibyt behaviour of Lieutenant 
M.ilc4iln), the ofticuf:, ;uul fhip's compaji/i 
I have re.'ifoii 10 fUuer mylclf,that, had ei- 
ther of his Majefty's frigates been fiiigl. , 
they w(uil«! lu\6 been equaUy fortunate in 
capturing her. 

<* 1 beg leave to add, tlKit Capuin $indair'<; 
very favourable lep .n of the couJudt,of his 
olHccr^ and (hip's company is fuch as dt^cs. 

ters, in the cockpic, tl)cy enured the en- .ths.-n the gicatell honour. I remain, Sir, 

gagemont with only 20 me(i» befides the 

<* The Atalanta was fitted out at Charlef. 
, town, mounted eight three-pounders, and 
cariie<i 50 men. ■' 

*' Mr. Rodin, fi>rmerly in tlie navy, a 
pafTcnger, f:gnaliz«d nimfclf. 

Kciuin of the Killed and WouodevL 
K 'Nd during titC adlion 
Smce ••e.'d 

Vint and ft^cond ciptiin wounded de- 

fj-.;iai-'. , tt-e hi \\ ujpfan imce dead 1 

WciUided, but living -. 14 


Cuni-, the maf\er, killed 
Ship's Reward killed 
^V(ul:•.Jed, fujce dead 
U'Miir<ied, firll mate, Mitchell 





« This apfiears to be the ino(l gallant ac- 
tion during tlie war. 

'* I he liouf^ of repreientaiives at Jamaica 
have voted 500 guinea^ ns a reward, zoo to 
be paid ti. C uitis*s widow, co to Muclidl 
t>>e firit mate, too tothe bdatiwoiii, and 100 
among the rell of the crew." 

your mod obedient, &c B. S. Rowlky. 
John Ford, Efq. Ct>miiiodore 

and Commander in Chief, &c.*' 

Kingjfcn, Dec. 7. 

*' The fituaiion of pur foixcs at Jci cmie 
is now reprefented to he fucli, thit no dan- 
ger can be apprehended from any attack, 
whether external or internal. 

*• The Baron M(muU;mbext, colonel of 
the emigrant legk>n fuming at Jerem c, has 
left that place, and taken she Ciimraaud ot 
the poit of Irois, foiiueiiy undtr the con- 
trol of M. Moraud Duval. 

" We midcrftaud th:t St. Merc's, Port- 
au-Paix, ai»d one or two other place?, hava 
claimed the pnnedtion of the Briiilh govern- 

" The fchooner Lc Courier, a prize to 
the King Giey, cnt «*it of Ackecu, with a 
c^rgo v)f cotton aud ind»g<», and five l-r^ iich 
gentlemen and two ntgroe5 oi>-bc»ard, ar- 
rived at Port Koyal on bund y. 

" Tho American (hip Saai.»f4»i^ iruvunting 
16 fix and f^ur- pounders, ^r.d mauntd w iih 
49 men, loaded wjth fugar, indigo, cyflfee, 
and cotiof), and bmnd frv)m Foitau- Prince 
to Bnhinioi-e, arrived at Purt l<o>uI on 
Monday, prija to iiis Majeliy's Ihip Pcoe* 

«* Wc undcrftand that there arc from 

40CO to 5000 h.-»lt-joes on-board the prizc- 
ihip Sampf<in, to which Capt. Bai*ncy> her 
"SIR, ftuh^^ P«r/ KAyal UafUur; laM commander, and now detained on-board 
I beg leave to acquaint you that i (aiM th; Pen«U»pC| lays «Uiiii| us b€iiif.ius own 
irom MoJc Su Kicolas on th* 20th ioftaoc, property. 

^ His 


to Virgiaia, to vrpel Ilie incrcafinG pawen con^!, lu Juuk <knvD on [)ie nver TaalT, 
oE [he French and InlliAn^, coland Walh- ilafbioG arauag ihe rucks ion yatJb bilnw. 
i»{U>n aMtaJnl him u an cxira aiil-du- Tlw fall iiiim Mentiirio Cardilfii little lufi 
camp, ami aniluned liu genual .isainft the ih^m '>o fecc. TIw firli bsj^e that arilvol 
■nibidaiile wliich pRived lb fatal uithe En- ai Car.>ii[ wa> fiiiitly drCuratcJ wiih cub.un, 
t'llb, that coliMwl Wafhington was ihe a-iil was navigated (rem Meli''E"lfi*!'l worfci 
O-Af fitld-offiter Ihal iv-.n not killeil or by Mr. Bird, fen. Waierhiilitt .iF t[t port. 
wmiTxled. Ibn dioiinH.ints enabled liinj 1 ncrjlr,, Fit. tz. L.:it m;hi a boat be- 

to difplay, rn brm^ins r it (lu ureskofthe lii'ifiing to Mcirrs. Ella, DwisUr^, and Pci^n' 
tr'-tifh uitiy, rtwlisru{>cii<ir Alii:i[]es which tnn, arriveil at iheir uliarl ia Ihe Fner;, 
have fmu fo Jeiervediy lailcJ liim lo die freighted ivith mechaadife rrom GainAro*, 
higlieO honoui; that a ecalcful people were The advauuges ul an immediale c-nimu- 
CnaUed to cuii/ei'. iiicaliim by WiUi frotn thii place lo LinaiJii 

— nil and Vorklhire coaili, ihruugh ihebeirltif 

ilic couniry, uiid the whoie Siiuthern Oillria 
of NiittingbJmniire, are ohvioiis, 

Ou M..nday lift, a- (he Sexton ofA>;. 
■uHilt, CO. Leic wisdigsinsagriVE, far the 
'inicrincni of a priviw uf the Derby Militia, 
in a pnrt of iLie tliuith-jaid jllmlcd to 
fli'UKert. he dilcovcred a veiy Iji^e flune 
CoQin, about (wo fEct heinn* the fuifjce uf 
ihs giflund- On r. moving ih>: lid, two fke- 
leions weie foand uilhin, onsof ihcnien- 

ed 1. 

of th 
fell ir 

». ^i. A mel^thiily r.cridrni hapren- 
, the fjmdy of IM1C Ciilbcir chtif- 
1. Il^t town of ^-deMl. A fpeit of 
: from the liill fWepI aw-^y the willi 
<: hoofe ill 3 moment's lime ; tlie roof 
1, and fmcih-red the mnii, fix cbildica, 
liiiieen citiJe; tile w.fe and ™ly one 


: hear from Edi^tirgi, ili.t on Ihe 
of Mardi next it i> prupufid to lell 
abinet rf l^cntch gems, in golJ, filTer, 
copper, (ciilpuire, mciuldi, m-naftic 

174 Intcrefi'iitg Wixsfrom vayious Parts of the Country* [Y^b* 

lock <^^ tl:B fcNton. The cofiln ii-'.uly 
cjt. and tl c fides anO lid about live inches 
fi.ik. War .ipi'^araiKc renders it cx- 
ircn\ ly>le ih.ii thefc ikclttiwis wcic 
t'.r ;cnv;ir.> \*l' Jo-iit fri '(ir^- of CiMif*.'c'. uh'e 
yi-rr. ^inl i\\,-X ihcy had l;ua ;:i thAl Auu'ion 
fevn ;tl hunili ed ytxrs. 

Oxf\y!i. JVj' » ft tei^ent of enrnM'g:; ami 
fii^">^n It of t!if c:i:nin:t!5 under coat^nemmit 
^.,\k\ Uotcnccvi tt' li.uil labour iu the caMk*, 
jKil, ;\v.\\ 'M^y!'*: of toritrcHon, dcliwrt;! in 
by I he coinnuitcc ot majjil^ialcs ^^lu> fuper- 
iiue»\*i d thi. b-.ifiiH-fs of tur givlio il*elx:H'vJi, 
70. t^c lart j»>'"t'ral t|uni tcr fei1i(in>*, it ap- 
pf ars, tl)crc \\ s been 0;; djn'inj tlic l.^.lt 
veil, by labour of diftercnc kinds, Jhfc lu:ii 
of 2491 tt^. 'jd. n>e tot:»l expence -'f i lo;<tIv- 
inp .'in-.l nna'.n'enan^e of tbe ciin^n sK during 

impra^irabie Liy tite fhlps to Shorten tbeji 
f lils. in filch a manner is to clear die bnd. 
Ac Shi^hiij the fMDO iDcnuingy a molt 
trvnicndcns g^le of wind fprang up from ' 
t^e N. N. ^'. accbmpantcid with rluik 
Ihowrn of l':;ovv ; feveral light a)lliei&» 
then off Tynemouth bsur, from the fuiUterf 
f!ii»'tii»g <^f the ivindy were thrown into inc 
nuiit (urnlous ^iruuion. Some of them eu- 
u;:.<\ouu;;l to Rfct into Shields Itarhfuu'y but, 
the Hdini inrrenfi'Mj to a huuicane, the/* 
weie driven with the lail of all tlicir caiavn^ 
u^Hin the Herd*l'.i.ul. Thiee or four hu^x. 
ov'c-r the rui\d, aiui got into ti>c liarlKnu' lu 
fsfrty, but the Orwell, Hazardi iMid Hat^, worp driven on Ihore ; ti:<^ (hrmcr has 
b tn got fiffj but it i*> feared that Kitii ibe 
l:.f'it will Ih; lofV. TliC Alexaniicr, T)ro, 

tit". i:in)c peiiod 18 0. 3f. 5d. lenvir^^ a b.u av.JIXoruthv, are ftiatuled between Se.itoii- 

l:i ce ot (1^1. 5> 6d. di rived fr«^n) Uic h'lhour point and Sniuieiiaod. Hai>))ily .<!) liie 

o? ihf r»'^"*^'S the county allowance for crewh wcie fiived. The Kinglt n,* 

vli .le '.>iv;id uMiM lv»ve been 6JJI. 4^. xcd. trodcr ; blcJTuiii's InriTafe, Lungbotcoin j 

•• ■ • •• • / » "— .'■ ■ — — - 

Ian \ fhc wind being then S. W. i\bi»iit lo 
in the fo'ctiwm, is f»:dden!y veered to the 
N. T,. ar.d c iiv'inued to blo'.v with unrcniit- 
tiii7. w'uncei attended with cufuinued 
ih«Aveis if hail and fleet, during the whole 
d ly and git at p:in of the fol'«»wing night. 
1 he mod alarming appreboofions ueie too 
f.!>i t(irn ! To hT. fuUy \cnhcd ''"arv in 

r — --•/ --.-■ .....-— ...'_ ....-^ ....... ........ . , ,„ 

Kcho. of SeH< on fl«ic«^y was 'ornlly biokt-n 
lo fnti-v^ on the rocks, near'Bcrwic.'r, ths 
fn:«(eaiut bify-faved- ii is lourvJ mndi mora 
damai;«; i<>diuie and m.iuy lives lud. The tide 
at M.ieUU flovv'ed U ith fifch ripulity, and 
rofs tot'ucha l>eigh', Iteing impelled with a 
bccivy wind, that upwitrdb i»f 15 finiK, br«.ke 
a«iift in the hirb>ur to of which were 

V.I y\T..\M on-lhinc, aV^ot a mite ciijipd hii^h ui> 'Ut) J.r.iow s Hike. 
N.iii fii'M> the fjaihiii of \\!>i.b\ "the Ou* c-ii* f|mml-.'>nt> tt lluftUt^, \ 

.... fii'M> the fjaihiii of \\!>i.M , the 

>Vr.:i, of STidfilrtUd, j.^ckfuii mall i, who 

v.i-' u;J#^^J Mveih.»a' !, ?tul urifiiir-wii'.^t'y 

dro«\'i..- ■' ; \\\t yc\\ of" the j>.'«.|»?c ?o: f*fe 

on-fhn;v. .\ n»i!c fa tb.r N«>itfi iay tMe 

Ncv. . ..: r of S'o.-^ror:, hden n-irh f.\lr, c»v.!, 

and (.:!.er pn).!.--, ihJ crew all f.iVtdj \.\\Ai 

Ov.» vxiT.:'.- h.i\e r'.Il.iii>i;J Ijtf'n: .liirrK..;^-, Ji;d 

are lik.'iy 1 > bo g'»t ofl". A v.-.O" q ':.iiuty of 

\v:f t i^^, f«;«'h a." r»g;»>'^?>« niaJ^*, b mri-, .iri-l 

j.rl , '.■. »r*i 3 hi'alV llcru mMik"! f'rr *i i;!; , 

«>f I^:•.■ J.', ici', |;;hn Nic'v n:iiv:r, c.-^nr oa 

fh. i't^ livi'i V.1JC Nor J) batniy .1: Wt.-.iSy. 

<'/U'j ii.>op ieca to foundrr f'**o 

Ou« C"ii« fpoml-.->nt> W. ILtttU^, Uede-xr^ 
an- 6.*ithun^ i»i\c :d'o ivtc;a:.r!;ol> accounts 
ot tlu- ; linage l>> till ftr.iin. -^h^OiU iS vellels 
b;«ve Uef-M thi- en «M>(hoie between llie Tee&- 
mon'h anu .Snudrrland. 

**♦ 'vn AiV/i '.vc are informedy that tlic 
Ft-rru e, o» ^c<K•kt;>."', Tiinvt onaitar, laden 
wihaviry vai»i;tMe laigo lor pUoc, 
ftfrn I.tMii'nn, i\.is .'..nun (huie ne^r S.d<- 
burn. A>iuin}; ilu Moron, a mill at Spuf'^m^ 
!t» ihe l*Hi^ ridirg «/ the county of Yr-ik, 
iviT Mown t'own, niid a man unfortunately 
kil'irxl. I'iKjr hllii. g cobbles ueic cvcilct 
oi*f Fiamh^^wyh head, and all the |^»ple en 

V'U^ tl«'V.i »T ."^ ii'V u >»r ii-^iiivx 1 riii.fitk i -» vf "• ■ ■» wm-wm»r-rr wm jf^v ijvnvt, ttlimi ••• fciav |'V«I|/IC fill 

IT>.K.> furn \l\.\t prri, anot!irr iic:tr Lord • bo.<ril, amounting to i4, were drowned; 

« «. .t ... . ...V I...... ........I' .... • ^.«.. M • c ... •i.:.^^^.. ^i .m.\. — . I. ..I f.._. i:..« ... I 1 ... I r^ 

N'ru'i-^r.i.-e's Mli^*.i-woii: . ;vio rtnc n.;t fu* 
<.'ifl.iij: Uor\y Robia Uj*-../- b..\, wl.-ofj 
milv m "V he «V«»i at loiv-vv.itrr. Bciwecii».;c!v ;;iid Uou:lv ;•: :'U-v.rrk', withlf: 
twrlve miii-i o( WtiltJ. , .'.x vflfjls uirte 
jV 'nvl-. d. fi'.e of il>rm i«>t.d!y loll with .< II 
b.v.u.-. rrom ths other '.4, ot the p.«tple 

Uvr t.iv vt'. r^K f:f .1 VC.ll.'l Wa" dflVtXl 0:i 

t?»*; he.xh th*'n*, apof:..r3 to h«ve 
\Kjn ''.JC Sue :v\h of Suotlfji l.iitd, Jrv.n S;'?Tik, 
in. rtcr, and :M.(»t!»tr which i^ {app»>firt fa 
li.!\e !".*e?i a new Sc 'tf*» '»rij; in add:; di 
.fo tr.rfe. th^ Po-tiwin :•} Maithe*, wvis ff»f ccJ 
m the f'-k^ o'-.n R;«wcli;fi\ fli'* canfc of 
f/iifl- }:*'it fite-.l d'l'.utvrs \vh"» the :nilA'ila- 
ri::j.,, ni.; \ ii'i:t}l c'lAii^,': ••« fhe w'.ij ff'^ni 

th.rr«eri of whi.m had fam ties, and li.iVd left 
?3 ctiiUlrcn in jinMl cidrtf^i and llu; uivj.^ 
ot llirct' i.f i!if {iitfi'i=vT> ni«. gam piej^n.nt. 

At /•••i.f. ..,;/: a molt dre.i.llul Itoim ctim- 
menctxi, in a m(»ll fu.iden m;Hnier; the 
wifid hi w »r.»m the Noi th a pci fcci liur- 
ticAoe; i. was pt^ttu^H^i hy li;;iitmi«.^. and 
The fcgr.stl fa)c^ cf St. and Gat«f« 
brtid C'M'.vch.s h.«vt..t> btwn deJlinyeJ, it 4s 
f%i;*p>f««A ti^-^v \ft«:reUitick t»^ the ligntning. 

ihtff \v.r a very de«-.p f.dl of fouw in th« 
nei.-li!» iui:.«)oimI o\ ^br.'U'^Miy. acconipaiiicd 
With ti4*inciid'nis gulls ■:" -a mil, w));di oc* 
GSktionni very conlidLTi'. !•*••; damage; tcveral 
houfo-i wcc« unroofeil, and itiauy chirnHe\t 
blown «lu*.vn, by the fall- of wh:ch (wo or 

r'«5 b W. to ihe -l^. £. which reutKiAAlit Uw«e p :stei\'i ^.ad tUetr iimltf tw;lmciL 


ibe indtneacy of iha wealhcr. — A. rai*iiicr 

turtoiuie man was fsiinJ iluu] near "SI. jubn 
Lee.— A patoa, of ihe nmne uf Caiier, in 
Bnit^ ftiim Ifliiiiy lo Sieiiiht, ]>trilh«d <in 
6w road.— M[. John DaYiion, ilrmtr, ot 
BiHihvi, Mar Bdil wick, oTr rdurnhi; Wma 
Urn the n^arkn ot l|]ii rown, in [lie incle 
ineiK Atowy "'E')'^ tnilleJ Ilii wsy uj-on 
Twee^'oviulh ^T»nr, and hs and hu hurls 
w re nenl in..rn.i>jfm-n.l'de»d in .m wictofeil 
•ipl-pir, Wiih which ihe commnii ahoiimJ), 
— Twoehiiih-»n, afcoy ami « girt, weie im- 
[ortun.iiely drawned in a pond i.ear Bum- 
tvft CijIU, oil Tinfilay (e'nnJBht,— i he 
K«v. Mr. Olijil.Mnl, Miiiifter ci Lartr, In 

kit vij hUlfieta "ojiutb aniT Muljdl'j,«h ; 
a tailor ai>d hit jonnKyman. in rcurmiig 
Iram tbeir wDrk ac JVsntwi.i ; all f ci'ith' 
fd ni If* fnoWi— The wire uf a Iraiiwn, 
abmnl J Orip of war in Ldtt Rtad^, adujlly 
ptii^ied fur want of summon uecctVjrici, 
ICniMg beliiiKl fiir« lielpjei'^ chilJiin. — In 
(ha BtishKnirhonJ oUhimf-ity,aS}^»Tii:Kn, 
ber M fheep (uve bteii deitr-7eil ; ^nd (oire. 
rj ihcfWicid', j« /iwr to'ic/.V*: uWenTOiu- 
trAit tneir tfacki, pcriiliid, four at ilieie 

dafi:ribciJ; ihe rcrsamj of [lie dyiOE aiul. 
tiia nia'Kiol wttt iruLf ftiockjiiet wlul* 
thole, ivhcj w^re IkerJIj fqneeiing thiir 
teltow-creacuFEi lOilcaih, hati ii out m titeir 
povvar to avoid tlie miicliief liiey were dic- 
ing. One ciMdJ fcai-cely bave believed itat 
(□ naiiy could have htep killnl in fo (mall ■ 
fpaM. ^even bwliEI, Somplelely lUdcb, 
were caiTioU irto [lie liouft of Mr. Wjnc-li, 
the dniES''^. ii°K[ doM- 1» the Tlieatre.'tonie 
tB Hiops uf uclier m'' gsntleniaii, and ili« 
rcm^iiiiiler lo St. Maitiu'i waich-Iioule, lu 
beuwiied. Mediaal aid wai called tii. ar.d 
avwy thing tli)iwtiirelti)rBanim*liuu, it' it 
were unljr hifpendnt ; twtivs aic jijriy that 
feccels attended the pruccfs in one c.iie 
an(i-,'ivhicli w:ii ttat of Mr. Urandram, uf 
Horlleydott'n, wlwle witi andiliaghtarWEra 
both killed, and w1«>ijl>iniielF fin>;e<lead. 

Thii meLineholj accident w« not -gcne- 
Ktlly knumi iti Tbe The iin till lata iii Ihe 
•veiiiii.;; awl wai heptlrom i^ie luKiwieJ^ i 

Of ilieir M^JL'ftiet till ihs jiki;' w owr, 
Tlie inipell of the t^oinntr is locnl. That 
ex St. Mnrtia s |.ri'i<h. wliiL-ii fat Ihu iirxl 
niirtit un leuen of ilie bndws, retutivei v 
terjia of " At:ctitott^\ iiea.\\ ^■j tjSw.-v- 
rion, aiiil bemj wwnvi^^i vit«n =* *»li* 
4'Wr of Uw U»j (DU'dct, TtWiU*-"- '^'<* 


ether fufFercrs vxre recognized by their 
friends^ amU uken ihe e\-cniog of the dread- 
ful caUniitjr ti» th«ir afflicieU rafnilie% upon 
vhom TtM-oiirr's Juries of itw rdfsecUve 
jKuiibes m whlJi (hry lie have iioce given 
their verilii^ Exciufive of ihcCe hmented 
y\:' in>s, \ir\v\ were moll of thrm refpodtable 
pcrfouSy ns.nrtwctity xMhers lulfored ma^iid 
injuries in in u feb'and bi'okeii iimbt. J[Ste cur 
(MfUtuuj, j 

TurpUj ir. 

This night, ahouL ten o'clock, a dreadful 
file broke (Hit at SmiUiV Floor Cloh Ma- 
nufaflury, uiiknii^htfirkigt, oppuTitK the neur 
kirracks. k la&ed fiirioui^ for upiirards of 
tbrce hoarsy noiH-itliftanding the great num« 
htrr of engine^ tiiat arrived^ and tlm exer- 
tions of the firem^'n of the difterciit offices. 
Tlie great quantity of oily tur|ieQtine| and 
paint of varirnis kimtSy as well as Cl>e 
€onibu(tiblc nature of the other materials 
made ufc of in the manufadlory, remiered 
every e)f«'rc to ux inguilh the flames ftuit* 
Itfs, uiitil tlMs w!v)le was buiucd down. 
By it no lefs tban ic,oeol. worth of pro« 
peity, With tt'O buUdi'tigs, was oeftiuyedy 
and not a farthing Ckf either iulured. The 
abttve fiie, it is faid, was occafiotied by the 
uegi-.ct r>f .1 boy, who, in hc;ituig fume co- 
lours, i.tiiciv^l it to boil uvei^, which imme- 
d a'.ely to: whole pixmifes in a blaze. 
A gep'w'em^ui was ran over by an engine^ 
atiU IS Alice dead. Antf a labouring man lad 
his Uiigh broke by the fall cf a piece of tim- 
ber. Gr<At i| prciieufioos were entertained 
for the bair^cks oppof^te; but the timely 
atliflance ui ihe engines laved tlji fa, and alio 
Ihe lK»ufe of Mr. W arris, Man.igcr of Co- 
Tent- Garden Tleatre whicn were immedi- 
ately JUS to the H ^r-clotti manufac- 
tory i and whofe ftables were actually burnt. 
Sumiajf i6. 

The following orders lor a general' faft^ 
itVued by kifhop PouglaS| the Roman Ca- 
tbfitic Bifhopof the London diil ri^t^ abound- 
ing throii^iiout with th..t fpiiit ut Chrifti- 
an:ty and attachsnent to our Kmg and Coo- 
ft.tution, whiclijuught to pervuiic, cfpccially 
at ihis time, tlie hreaffs of all his Maiefty't 
fubjetls, weie reitd fixm the aliajrs of all tiie 
Cidhuiic ch.ipeis within the metrixxilis.. 
<* Dearly beloved Brethren ; 

** Our King and country being engaged in 
a jufl and oeceli'ai7 war, for the prc^va- 
tion not only of all tliofe temporal bleliings. 
which we enjoy under the miUi (way of his 
moft gracious Majefty* and under the ex- 
cellent civd atnititutioo of the .kingdom^' 
but alfo for tlie prefenration of (tiie general 
peace and order of the Chriftian woi Id, and 
of Chriiiianity Ufelf ; hence it is our duty, 
in common wiih our fellow-t'ubie^ tu 
ftrengthen the hands of government to tlie 
utmofl of our power, that the ianu may be 
' liiTought to a happy ifiuei 

f' u^elia^0dilaamureikm complying with 
£Atf 4iUf, whi€b i^9 qw€ Co Uie iUc) in- 

afmuch M it is well known/ that'fhofe 
abandoned men, wfu> have fo impiouHy 
raged and devifed vain tilings againll thff 
Lorctf and againll his anointetti have been 
particularly bent upcMi tlic defiruAion ef our. 
holy reltgion i againlt which their enfna- 
riii|^ forms of oattu, tlieir liorrid HKhlegts^ 
their outrageoim and bloody [>erfi0cntion^| 
have been particularly dlre^trd. 

** To iecure fiiccef«, however, lo tliis great 
n.4ional undertaking, in wbich our temiwral 
and eternal welfare are fo deeply ooncern- 
ed, tlie eir ntial poiitt, unqueftiotialily, i& lo 
(ibuin the blefiing and aifilVaiice of litaven 
in our favour. Tlie whole feries of the di- 
vine prophecio, md the whole hiftory of 
the people of God, as recorded in holy wrir^. 
Ihew all military fuccefs to be in the hands 
of the God of armies ; and,^ that it is io the- 
general economy of his providence to be- 
fiow it upon his lervants, or to with- hold it 
from tlwni, accordingly as their crimes pro- 
voke his anger, or their piety claim his fa- 
VQiur. For tiiefe reafons, dearly beloved bre* 
thren, we eamtltly esdiort y<»u, under the 
prefeot circuinllances, to humble ynuHVlves 
befioie ilie Lord, tliat liis judgements may be 
avcited from our comitry $ aod to pour our 
mult fervent fupp licatious before tlie i)in>ne 
of grace, that we may obtain meicy jukI 
find grace in feafonable aid. 

^* With this view, ue order all the fait' « 
fol of our diltriA U> obferve Friday, the 
aSth of tlie prei'ent month, as a day of fo- 
iemn fail, humihatii n, and prayer. 

** With the fame view u e diarge-all our 
clergy, u ho have it in tlieir power, to go 
up (o the altar on ih^t day, to ufi^r the pro- 
pitiatory lacriiice (AUjfit tentfore Iclh), and, 
previous to the public iervice, to fing or fay 
the pfalm Miferen, with the prayer Van qui 
ailf<t vjftmdtrU fcemte/aia ^Mcaris : And we 
mull eamelUy exhort all the lay perfons, 
of our dilh'i^ and communion, devoutly 
to ;«t3i(l at tl>e public fervice on rtiat oc* 
cafioir. We farther ordai|i,ihat our clergy add 
caily in the holy facrifice, as long as the war 
may continue, the Collect, &c. for ihe time 
of war. The Grace of oiir Lord Jcfus Clirill 
be with you aU. Amen.'* 
TJlm>jti.iy 17. 

Two of the Urge uigatet which were put 
into commiflian lall week by tlie Lords of 
the Admiralty, are ordered for the North 
Seas, to ciuizc for four months, and two 
nH>re are to go to the Baltic 

Friday a 8. 

Yefterday the Third , Reg'unent of Fool 
Guards were drawn up befiire his Majefty 
and the Duke of York, in Hyde fark, and 
75 J men drafted from it for foreign (crvioe* 

Tlte ap|iroaching campaign will open, on 
tlie. fide vf Flanders, with a difplay of fcirce 
on tlie pait of the Allies fsarcely cve^ exhi- 
bited at one period in any part oif £un>pe, at 
Uail not lince the days when the *< f warms* 
UluedimA ttw doclbarA Hive." 

1 1 r nffiiiita tj nil Ktyai tii^-ii'ji let 
: if VV ales, ih Camil.fir tb> Yft' 1 794. 

1 7 8 Additions and CorreSfions^^^^^^Births^ and Marriages. [ Feb. 

V.>1. LX. p. 777. Mr. R^^t Gihfon was It was nHher pedantic and ftiff, than eafy ? 

alf<) cUaucellor of the church of Su Paul. yet,hy fiKDeunaccountahlo^fcitiatioiv it wa9 

See p ^95, col. i> I. 9. ' always afTMable and impreffive. 

Vol. LXI. p. 703. Some acctvint of Mr. mi 

FenicAi is gi-*eii in a n<>re on the feonnd vo- Births. 

IttRK of DunconahtV publication of Huglies's, 5^«.T ADY Balgonie, a daughter. 

liC " LctioiV* I'- »7f ii, »9. S««ailaour a6. J_^ zt. At t»ic feat of Jofeph Bui- 

vol. XLVlll p. 409. note. . U)ck» «?q* at CaversfieliU the LaJy of tlie 

Vo], LXIfl. p. 1214, coU 2» l.'iZy for Hoti. and Rev. Mr. Marihamy a fon. 

e^/tge rend fcbcJ. At CafUe BcrnarJ, ca Cork, in Ireland, 

P. II 19, col. a, I. 4it for Luxmore read Rt, Hon. Lady Bandon, a daqgbcer. 

i>/t;«;— I. 40, Ifyh'um Cooper •— query, 29. In Clarges-ftrect, Piccadilly, the Lady 

Charles- Henry } of Major-geiier<il Cuyler, n (on. 

Vol. LXIV. p. 25, edL i^ t 5 from hot- At his Lord(hip's houfe i> Great Ruflel- 

lom, for pi. IK. fig. 4t qit« 7 ? ftrcet, Btoomtbory, Lady Gr.mtley, a fon. 

P. 37, col. r, I 3>^, andalfoatp. 94,1.45, Laufy, at her houfe in Brook-ilreec, 

f>r Tiber read C^frr, as i» vo«. LXIIL 1060. Grofvenor-fquare, Lady Apfley, a fon. 

1'. 92. By tlw death of Mife De«ii5 a le- At Wailall, ca Stofford, the Wife nf Jo- 

gacy of 23,0001. devolves to the trttfVees of feph Cooper, two Ibus and a d.ioghc«r; hap- 

Che Corporatit>n of th« Sons of the Clergy, tized Mofes, Aaron, an J Martha, 

purfuant to the will of her brother, the kue At Newb.>ttle- abbey, the Counteiis of 

Admiral S-r Peter D. Anaram, a fon and heir. 

P, 93. Bp. Hi nchcliflfe printed three for- The Wife of Timothy Pindergraft, of 

mons, preacl'ed on public occafvMis : Broad- ftreet, Bloomfbury, three daitghtej-s. 

4to, 1773, Jan. p, befoie ilie Houfe of Tiie Wife of a Ishonring man at.Laugh- 

L<irds. ton, near Lewes, named Goidfmith, litr 

4to, 1776, Socirty for propagating tha a5th child. 

GoffieL The Lady of Sir jfuhn Stirling, of Glo* 

4to, 1786, Annual Meeting of Charity- rat-Roufe, in Stirlihgfhfre, a fon anddaugh- 

fchools. tfr. They have been married only rS yearn^ 

P. 94. Mri 6ibb(4i was returned for Lif* and her Ladyfti'ip hjs heoonred Sir John 

keard in 1774, by ^^ favour of his relation, wkh 19 children. 

Mr. Eliot, of Port Eliot, row Lord £liQt,aiid At BarBon-hill, the Lady of Lord Mafley, 

took his fcit on tlie Of^oTition benches. On ^afon. 

his accepting a pl.icr, Mr. Elior, with great Fe^. 4. At his houfe in New Burllngton- 

gcncrofity , permitted him to be rc-chofen, but ftreet, the Lady of CoL Glyn^ of the i ft re- 

of courfc tlroppcil him at the general ctec- ginieni of foot-guard'', a fon. 

tion in 1 7^0. H s fri. nd Lord North did iu»t Tlie Ladv of Gea Arnold, efq. of Alhby- 

think him of fuf)icient c«)nfeqaencc to place k)d(«e, co. Nonhampton, a fon. 

him in a m.niAffrial borough} and thus end- Thi Lady of Col, Lowttier, M. P. fior 

• 1 Mr. Gibbon's parliamentary cartfer. WeAmorbfid, a fon. 

The nnme of ihe gentleman to whom he - 6. At his houfe in Manchefter-fquare, the 

haslc't his librarv, and the princpal part Lady of Wm. Okey,. efq. a fop wd heir. 

of his effcflf, isSavjry; but no relation M 13. At Darlhanohall, co, Suflblk, the 

ih.e tr-wellei of that lumc. Mr. Gtbhon, we Lady of Sir John Rons, bart. M.P. for that 

arc affiirci', had for forac time en ertain- county, a fon and heir. 

cd a f^'no-i: intentixi of publiQiing all the 14 Mrs- Cliarles Haftings, a fon. 

early Lnsiiih Hiflo:-ians in a regular feries, 17. In Harley-ftreet, the Lady of John 

and lud procec ("ed f j far as to have di awn up Pulhill, efq. a ftill-born child. 

a Pro(4)echisof thcworkwhichw.TSio have jo. At his houfe in Wei beck- ftrcet, the 

appeared (had he lived) on the iclh of Lady of J. L. Beckford, efq. a daughter. 

January. As he had fome coadjutors in tt. The Lady of Dr. Hunter, of Charles- 

the luidertaking, we hope the dcfign wi 1 ftreet, St. James's- fquare, a fon. 

not die with him, nor his Profjie^us be The Lady of Kenneth Mackenzie, efq. of 

withheld from the publick. Some mcmoiis Porttand-pbce, a diughter. 

of *;i3 oivn life ar^ fuond among bis wri- In Audley-'quart*, the Lady of Daniel 

tiogs. Htb other papers are rot yet ar- Webb, efq. a fcm and heir. 

ranged ; bi.fe it is feared tlist he has left ' 24. At Walto*) upon Tliames, Surrey, the 

nothing elfe prepared for the prefs — Great Lady of Palmer Uuril, efq. a daughter. 

as were the talents, and various the accom- ■ ■ 

jdiflimenti uf Mr. Gibbon, It mud be con- Marriaoks. 

tsiTed that his converfaiion, thoogli in the Jm. A T Lyme, co Dorfef, Mr. Welbjj 

IvRh^il dej^ee i«forminR, was not cx!er- 16. /^ King, of the George inn, Loqgb« 

nail/ brilliatit. He was hy jio means ftuent borough, to Mifs Harft,niece of Capt. Ward. 

nf Speech ; his ^.rticuiatiun Was not grace- At Manchel^er, Mr. HodgMts, of Bfiilol» 

fill ; his (pntenccs were evidently laboured, ironmonger, to Mifs Wrigh:, daughter ef 

a. if he iwis /ip.jful of wommitcing hlmielf. R«v. Ms. W» o£ Axhorfiooe^ 


tafidir^It Perfint. 

Mr. Grindnn, apolbecarr, of CvnIuiilgCt 
to Mid Falwifler„of Maidenhead, Berki. 

RiclunI Keiirick, ■!(]■ Tenlor, major of 
Ibe Dailiis'ilhire niillda, ig«d S9, to Mii. 
Iiwin, millrcl'attfiliBfoit.iifllMuScralfiilil 
Opoii Avon., 

tE. Carter, cTq. MlonrCj, of LeifriUr, 
ib Maie^rec Lutwitigct Uau. oF Heoty 
L.erq.i.f Wliiiehaven. 

W. M. M'Ccorte^ erij. banker, Bood-It 
to Mifi Biinvn. 

haiilcn-, CO Mifs D^y, »f Cuioii, Xorf.iU. 

JO. Li«u[-co1. Jofcpli Buckeriilgc, 1 1 Mifs 

nntclikiD, daughter of the Ij!e Itio. U, efq. Areci. VVefiTninfler. 

of Qiieen.fqiure, banifler at law. K. Eilmnml Howard, efq. of Henrietta-flr. 

W. Jarvi!, eCij. of Pemhn^elhiie, to to Mil;. Luuifa Lmnmi, al Brighton. 

Uifs J. Winbtns, »F CaerQ^trron. 9. Mr. Stephen Pitddicomb, grocer, of 

31. Al Finchinlieiil, Eirex, Mr. Tliomas Pawl's Cliain, 10 Mif. Dingle, of PentonviUe. 

Scnti, of^Tk, to Mil's Crncknell. io.Mr. JdIid C<ii|, iionmonger, to Mifa 

Robert LIvIe, cfq. of Cnpllull-builtlineE, Reud, tu'hof [.Ficeflur. 

toM'fsPLiH, of Curk-llieci, Ji. Al Enfield, Mr. Saunders, Ton of Mr. 

'■■'■■ ' ' ~ S, apothtcarv, at Cl'dhuiit, toMifi Nlunt, 
d?ii. of Mr. »^.nl>»lDmew N. of EnneUl, d'- 

II, EilwarJ J.lnyd, efq. of Uo^Klfack, ii> 
Mill E. Mollyil, third of Sir Rdl;^! ».). 

I J. At EdmUiEJi, Hon. Cipt. Krancil 
GraVi to Mil's M.iry Aiii;o Juhi.Aun, dau. uf 
M»j.jrJ laleof tiilreEimsnt. 

15. Mr. Amhrofe Gilbeil King, mer. 
chain, to Mifs Biglan.l, dnu. of Ribli. 8. cic> 
of Frotefler, to. (llou-cder. 

17. Siepheii ThDniliii), efq. of Aullln- 
friars, lo Mill Mar)- Liltledale, dau. of 1 ham. 
L. ef<i' of K«tc[d;.m. 

li.By fpecisl licence, Jo'in Mir.ct Ye'Kur, 
efT. iif Uplowii, KeM,cWKft fi"i of PeierF. 
efq.of Dover, 10 ;iiti i. line, only .bugLter 
of Riil-cit I,. I..11-:. nf M.u»ivel:on, M.P, 
Kerry, IrelaoJ, 10 Mh:, I'hair, d:u. of Rl, farttie coimC^ of Daiifriei. 
H'Mi- Lady Richard) Piuir, and niece lo llie Mr. Ncwbold, to Mifs Julia Dieby, 91,0 
&id of UovDtaorrij, of [tie (OuJi ol hoDotu W tt« ^^vnta. 

of DevonOiH-eftr. I>evniilhire'rqo^ 


jnceler. Mi-. 

. Cl'apmjn, b 

:ii.ker, of 


«, 10 Mifs 

Mitchell, .l:.i 

i-ht.:r of 

(lie bie John 1 

« rsii.rof<. 


Al Litile Darhu, cc 

1. Lttttftcr, R 

=v Jatne. 


rcflor of Hnilcbe^ch, ci 

.. Norlli- 


10 .Vlifs E. 

Lumley, jdoiii 

jeft daug. 

of K«v, 

JaTiesI,. reflurof liarnivi 

alio that 

Mr.H. W. Brooki 

:, otHllngtfo 

, to Mis, 


ff W impul. 

:-flr. .,^.-ce ol 

■ Ricliard 


efq. nf Ma 

rich..- Her fqnai 


At W:<i, Re 

V.Mr. Niiblr, 



CO. Mcrh 

■. to Mifi N* 

djti. of (1 

le Bilh f 




■, efi.]. of Tr,ilee. Co. 

l8o OUtuarfi/ctn/bkrabliPirfnui with Bi$grapbi€al Aniedttis. [Feb* 

^9. Mr- Geoi|;e Simcock, of the ^olt in 
Tun, Fleet-ftt. coach-niaAer, Co Mrs. Mary 
Sharp, <if St. Martin's-ft. Leiceitef-fiekls. 

20. William Troward, tfq. of Sloane-ft. 
to Mifs Spurrier, of.Curzon-ft. May-fair. 

21. William Francis Woodgate, efq. of 
Tanbridgc-calUc, K«nt, to Mii« Allnuit, of 

22. fofeph Mitchell Woodyear, efq. of 
Camberweii> IQ MifsBudwell, of Dnlwich. 

'793- A "^ MJwJras, Comet Thomas 
-^^g'tS'Jtx. Haffcy, of the tliirU regiment 
pf cavalr}*. 

Se/>t, ... At the fort of penngra, in tlie 
£aft Indies^ Enfign Stre^. 

N</v. 25. At Kingfton, Jamaica, in his 
21ft year, Mr. Robert Pearce, youngeft fon 
of the late Capt P. of Woodford, £liex. 

Mec. .... At Quebec, the Hon. William , 
Smith, one of his MajeAy's executive coun- 
cil, fpeaker of the legiAative council, and 
chief jud ice of the provinceoiF Lower Canad^. 
At Jamaica, in tlie prime of life, Mr. 
James Willis, jun. of London. 

17. At Antigua, Lieut. Neate, of the 21ft 
regiment, fon of Tho. N. efq. of B:^tli. 

30. At her fjbti Fairfield, near Warring- 
ton, advanced in years, Mn. Anna Blap k- 
burne, a maiden lady, daughter of the late 
John B. e:q. of Orford-hall, aunt of John B. 
efq. M. P. for the county of Lancafter, and 
of an antient .onU honourable family. Re- 
lated to the late Sir Alhton Lever, kut. (he, 
like him, maJe natural hiAofy hcrfavouiite 
iiudy and ilelight. Her own colledlton of 
bird;;, infc^b, corals, and (hells, is extenfivc, 
and contains many fpecimens ot r;(re and cu- 
fious prot'u^ic^ns, arranged in her mufeum 
at Fairfield. Equally fond of botany, and 
learned in the (cience, (he was the friend 
and coo0ant correfpondent of Linn;i;u<, and 
very many other learned men •n both con- 
tinents, and alfo in ^his kingdom, A plant 
^e difcovered Linnaeus has nanipd, in ho 
nour of her, Blaclhuimana. Orfurd, late the 
refidence of lier fhiher, with whom (he lived 
till hisde.-^th about the year 1787, has been 
iong famous amongd the learned botani()<, 
for the choice and rare coUe^ion of plants 
with which it was (lored 1 ;md it was in 
thefe gardetis that the firft pine -apples, 
North of Trent, were reared. The firft 
time the v^riter of this article faw tbefe gar* 
dens, he remembers with pleafure tier fa- 
ther, the then owner^ and near So years 
of age, with a mod retentive memory giv- 
ing the vulgar and daiiical names to every 
curions plant in his extenfive colle6liun. — 
Mrs. B. had formed a plan of arranging her 
pwn garden at Fairfield in fciencific order t 
^nd it is to be lamented that ill health pre- 
i^ented' for foine years pad tliat high and 
varied /hte of cukivsttian in which (he had 
fotended to have comiyl&ed it, and which 
fyoffid have been J great means of facili- 

tating the knowledge and ftudy of botpny. 
Sincere and hpfpibble, of open, candid, and 
unafiisded manners, with a truly good 
heart, and a clear head, (he was highly an4 
jiUlly efleemed, and is new lamented, by all 
who had the pleafure of her acquaintance ; 
and will be fincerely regretted by the poor, 
who in hpr have lod a valuable friend and 
benefa^lrefs. The mufeum (he has left to 
her nepliew, John B. efq. M. P. 

1794. JoM 10. Mr. Charles Paitingtoii, 
late of Charles-town, South Carolina. 

Tz. Mr. John Pooley, coal-merchant, of 
Pjckle-hei nng- dairF. 

Guillotined in France, Adrien Lamoi;- 
rette. aged 52, ci'devant member of the Lc- 
giflative AITembty, and conditutional bi(hop 
of the department of the Rhone and tl;e 
Loire. On being quedioned as to his con- 
fiexions with Mirabeay, he decbrpd, that he 
was convinced of the very immoral chara6l9r 
of that man fo (hamefuUy celebrated. He 
al(b acknowledged hipnfelf to be the author 
of the difcourfes pronounced by Mirabeau on 
ecclefiadical matters. 

After an illne(s of ttiree years, aged 54, 
Mr. Francis Viret, an eminent farmer and 
grazier, of Whentiield, co. Oxford, many 
years deward to Lord Charles Spencer, t^e 
has left a widow, ten d;iughters, and fix foos. 
At Walpole, SuffoUt, in her 76th year, 
Mrs. Badeley, reliA of Samuel B. efq. late 
pf that place. 

At Melton Mowbray, cp. Leiceder, aged 
58, Mr. M.iilliew Thuke, hair-drelfcr. His 
death was orcafioi*ed by a fmall fcraich on 
his leg bein?; neglected, which made ampu- 
t^ion nfceirnry,and caufed his death. 

13. Aged about 60, the Rev. Tohn Og- 
landcr, D. D. warden of N^w-colTcge, O;:- 
ford, to which he wa* clefled on the death 
of Dr. Hay\\ard, 1768. He was next bio- 
t!ier to Sir William O. bait, and proceeded 
l(j.A. 1765, B. D. 1770, D. D. 1774. 

At Enfield, Middlcfex, aged 51, Mr. Tho. 
Liley, 15 years clerk of tfiat panfh, mr,f- 
tcr «'f a cooHueiaHe day-fchool, at d* »gent 
to the Phoinix fire-oftice iu tliat tov*n. 
Ho was during the illnefs .".nd inability 
pf the Hev. Mr. Han'y, appointed deputy 

mailer of the Free-fchool, which he re- 
covered to a flotftiihin^ date; ;ind, on t|ie 
appointment of tjic prelent mader, retired 
with a penfion. He was depu'y didnbuior 
of the damps, under David Dcviime," efq, 
who died Oft. 18, 1739, of thegcut in his 
domach, in confcquence of Mr. Liltry's 
houfe beipg robbed (vpl. LIX. 11 50.) 

At his Iwufe in' Gpwcr-dreet, Walter 
Farquh.irfon, efq. fir^ commiirioner of tjie 
^ic)(. and Huit office. 

At Bbndford-park, co. Oxford, the infant 
fon of the Mai quis of Woiccrter. 

At Hull, Capt. Wm. Wray, of the Ihip 

Ai H\t\cVL\e:^>€o. Leiceder, aged 86, Mrs, 


At Auchcn£r3Tmont, neitr Kimillun, St- 
mnel DougUfb, e(q. of Bmtihoufes. 

Ac hisfutitLuKhonnigti.fulluf jreaiT inJ 
luiioar. Sir Edward Hi>Ehc:s,K.B »)mir^ 
of [lie BUic fiiuaJr'ionf his Majetly'i n«i. 
He liad fetvu] ii) i]is n.ivy for mtirq Itian 
lulF# cmiiiiy ! was mule a Itcuteiuiit fur 
hii knitti at (lie Uking of Pano Bella ua~ 
. iler Admiral Vcinon, imJ TcTyeJ u caplaiii 
uaJer Adminl BoTcivvcn at [lie taking cif 
iMUlhourt, ui^ Willi Sir Charles Saunilcrs 
^1 Ilie ta'^iii; al Q;r:l<vc. At tn ailinind lie 
GumniaiHlei] in chiirf in t)ie E.-itl In-Wts dui- 
iiig [he lile, an.l rii)ipi>ri«di1ie tionoiir 
of hii coiinii)' in fiiveiil aflioqi wirli an ac- 
tive enemy, tii wliuin he ivai always inferior 
in uumi)--:'' of (liipi. In private life, the 
Bouilnefs of hn iitan tc>t him to a£ts of be- 
nevolence which, Ibmigli nut ulleiitaliciu! in 
tlicoilelvcf, will rein^iiii ixcurtled in ihe n^e- 
moric of many. 

tS. SuJJentv, Mr. Richaiil KriTimnnd, 
fimiar, of Bairuieh^m, iie:u New.ii k. 

Afiei: a long aiiiJ p.iiiful illncfs, Rev. Mr. 
AOiton, feiiinr fellow of ilie coUi^iwe cbuiclt 

11. Rev. |uhn Kippling, vicir of Staver- 
ton and B'KJiliiiginn. ne;ir Chelleiitiam. 

At Jiishoufe in Prince 'i-flreoi, lieJford- 
row, agedSS, EiAmunJ Kelhy, tfq. an M- 
tiiraey and folieiti^r of great h-inuiir and in- 
legri^-, and defcvndcd fioni one of the moft 
antient »nd refpeCtable t.imilies in Ireland, 

At Purifiaouth, after a rhon illneli, ]. 
Dickinfon, efq. ca[itain of his Mjjelty'i fn- 

1]. Mr, Samuel Cork, of Biry, Suffblk, 
banki:r, :uid oue of tlie pRi[d': ctlltd Quiiken. 
[>un:ifi'ie;, l->mn <:..^. .i„ .... ^ 

bait, of l^rlRun. 
Ageil i.j, Mrs. Ingi, wife of Edwii\! I. 

Tlio only Uinslitsr of tlte Hun. G. H. 

At CrmvI.inO, co. Linci.Iii, ag-J 84, Mr. 
W. Whltlhcd, f^irmrr and %.■u^a. 

AtlVLcibsimijh, Kewzim, 
filvejimiih ; a uaiverf..lly efteiniej lov 
111 j frieiKlly .-ind tKnciuleiic liilpariiion. 

Al Sumluvell, Mr. Ihomas t-alkaer,bii. 
furjcnn, w\w)pnWBtttl ci,wn^v(ii \3\t™i Wk 

iil Ohifuarf$fe9HfidiraUt Pit fins \ wltbBidgraphicalJlnied^tet. (Feb. 

manners. H« has left a numerous foinily to Ccmntefs of Suffolk ; a part of which is the 

lament his loff, and his worth was forcibly celebrated and beautiful villa of Marble-hiU^ 

procUimed by the general anxiety for his life, a cl;J!ic fpot, immortalized by Pope and 

At Vienna, Prince Anthony d'Efterhafy- Swift.— About three yeai-s ago Sir Charles 

Galantha, field-nnadhaly liep^pnant-captain refigned the place of gentleman of the cham- 

of the Hungarian guard of nobles, privy- ber; but the King, agreeably to his deciara- 

coonfellor of ftate, grand crofs of the order tion at thiit time, kept it open for him ; Sir 

of St. S^epheR, a knight of the Golden Charles, however, received no falaiy. That 

Fleece, &c He received, in the faroons hat- place, therefore, and his red ribbon, are now 

tie of Hochkirchen, in 1758, a mulkeCrball, vacant. 

which paflad through his body below U)e At Briftol, in her 13d year, Mrs. Furze, 

bread ; he always complained of the confe- wife of Mr. Philip F. roercliant, of that city, 

quence of this wound, which at length and only daughter of Mr. Wm. Kckley, of 

brought oa a gathering on his lungs, which Bilfton, whofe fun (aged 1%) died on the 

burfting fuddeoly, /Kcafiooed Jiis deathj at very day, and nearly at the lame hour, as his 

the age of 6^. filler, at his father's houfe. 

24. Aged 30, Cape Cook, of fais Ma- At Chelmsford, after a lingering illnefs, 
jelly's (hip Spitfire, drowned in Poole-har- in the 5id year of his age, Charles Feam, 
bour. He was eldeft and only furviving fon efq. of the Inner Temple, conveyancer, and 
of the celebrated navigator. The boot is author of the well-known virork, .intituled, 
fuppofed to hav^ mifled the (hip in the •< An ElTay on Contingent Remainders and 
night, and afterwards upfet on one of the Executory Devifes." 

ledges of nv:ks near the Ifle of Wight, as the 16. At Batterfea, co. Surrey, aged 789 

body was found near a mill. The boat had Thomas Sirvers, efq. 

drifted in clofe to the place where the body At bis brother's chambers in the Temple, 

wa^ picked up ; but no part of the boat's George Humerfi{(^- younger brother of Dr. 

crew, which confifUd of the coxfwain and H. of York. 

feven men, have been found. The captain, Sir Edward Bcngliton, bart. of Poflon* 

had he lived, bid fair to have been an orna- court, co. Hereford. He is fuoceeded in the 

mtfnt to his profeflion. His lx>dy was title by his brother, Sir Charles William 

brought to Cambridge, Feb. 4, and buried Roufe Boughtoo, bart. 

in St. Andrew's church, in the fame grave 27. At Chingford-green, co. Eflex, ki his 

with his brother, who died there of a fever, 74ih year, Mr. Edward Jcfierfbn, a cenfi* 

in his 18th year, Dec. 28, 1793. One bro- derable grazier. 

tlier W2S drowned in the Thunderer, in a At Llalheron-whe^l, in Caithoeisfhire, 

iiorm ; and two daughters ^ere married to Mr. John Oram, tiickfman of that farm. 

naval oiVicers, u ho were both drowned. Mr. Willie, many yeurs mailer of the 

John Siracey, efq. of Lower Tooting. Thatched-houfe tavern in St. JamesV (treet. 

At UrP'ngl^***"^* age** ^4» Mr. Fra. Taylor. At his brother's houfe at Stamford-hiU, 

25. In Newman-llfeet, aged 73, Edward Dr. Thomas Tomfon, of Fenchurch-fbreet, 
Pauiicefon, eiq. late phyfician to the Siuiey difpenfary. 

Frozen to denth, in confequence of mif- At Maidftooe, in h»s 75th year, Matthew 

taking his way, and getting ino a filh pond, Ben'.ham, efq*. captain in the Souihem regi- 

Mr. Tiiomas kenfon, the Duke of Aiicaf- ment «>f D«vonihir« militia, having fpent 54 

fer's park-keeper at Gunthorp, co. Lincoln, years of liis life in the fervice of his country, 

Near Biackncil, Berks, Mrs* Gravis^, wife 18 in the dragoon-gftards (during which 

of Charleft G. efq. bte of the nth dragoons, time he was prefent at mod of the anions 

and eldeft daughter of the late Col. Deme- in the Scotch rebellion, and was wounded at 

trtus James, of the 4;d regiment of foot, the battle of Clifton-moor), and 36 in the 

She has left a brge family to lament her lols. militia, 32 of which he aAed as adjutant to 

At his leat in Yorkfime, Sir Clia. Hotham, the ahuve regiment, 

bart. a general of his Majcf^y's forces and At Garl ford grange, co. Woccefter, Lady 

knight of the moft honourable order of the Francis Ruffell Withers, wife of Sir Ch:<rlr8 

Bath. He lias left cilates in Yoi'kfhire of Tnibflxaw \V. knt. daughter of John Ra- 

above 6000I. a- year value. A moiety uf venhiil, rfq. and great grand-daughter of Sir 

thefe is hvreditiry property, the remainder Franc s RulfcU, bart. late of Stienlham, in 

a legacy from Mr. riwn^.pi'on, the mer- that county, after whom (he was named, 

chant; on account of wliicli, Sir Cl<, and, by li(ie.d defcnt, was the only furvivur 

lome years ago, aifumed the name of Tliomp- of that antient family, 

ion. Thefe efbtes, by a fcttlement made At VViitOfi, of a paral]rtic ffroke, aged 60, 

three years fincc, were entailed on his ne- Henry Hcibeit, tenth Earl cf Pembroke and 

Shew, Charlcf, the elJcft fon of the Montgomery, Baron Herbert of Cardiff. He 

ilhop of Clogher. The only daughter cf w.i« bom July 3, 17:4; and, fixccrding his 

Sir Cijarles lias a reverOonary intereft in father 1750-51, Ins Majeiiy gave the ruyal 

tfio fetilement of I'cv mothei ; and has, affent to an aCl to ennpower the guardians of 

heiides, a very c^f/i fjc'er.ibJe independent HenvY EarV ol Vcnxbrv^ke to make leafes of 

fMtuar, the bc(^ucii of iicr rdauou (Uf hUre2d«ftdit^utvv%^Vtt&Yd>aw\vj. \Ti\n«»>. 




ij vniA Bi»iraph!talAiKcJata. iffj 

At B»th, aged 69, afttr * lingerios illiieli> 
Robert Sayer, dij. of Rkhnraod, mutf 
jean in enineiK tirintfsUer in FlaeC-ftraac 

At Unbr. in hit Bifl jear, Rw. RdMtt 
Stiintay, reAnr of tiul parilh, md fksr of 

r, kc, thet«, 

30. At tire fame ptce, Mr. Wm. Noctgaf 
in nDioeiU furteon aodapothceaijr. 

At Ki^rurd, noar NuMinglum, ia hie Soch 
;sir. Ml'. Jolm Ellioi, Uaichef. 

At LamhBth-iMbce, LhI/ Eilsn, ralia of 
the late Sir John E-bin. nmltwraf Lnrd 
Auckland, sTr joha Edwi, bait. whI M/v 
MoDfE, Hie l«dy of ibe jattoK ArchMhof 

iH( III* remaini of LaJy Charicittc, onU ilirjr. — Our teaJeis nuy reeoUoft bur 

daoBhieroftheilecearedEarlrbythc jirefcut vahnlile comfpondent E'saeaiwit of Vnt- 

CouQidi^onager, who died at Aix, in Pro- ii" Mupl^ins, coiniDool^ called Joha Hop* 

ven^e, April 17 S4, was remoifetj from iLe kill', (vi'l. LVIll. [>. jii), wfho died 

bodjr of lh« ehiirch) and iltpoliuiJ in the in 171:, and whnfc will waa, in part, fet 

-vault, near her ruber. ariijj l>y Lnrd Chancellor Talbot, 17^6 ; hy 

aS. AiBrarnplon, Mn. AnneTownfheDiJ, wliicli a great pan of hit property came lo 

a widow laiiy. I>>i a \mtiJkc, John Hoi>kiDs, efi). nf Briir 

Y her honfe n Mancliefler-ftreel, Man. mm, wliod;»d Nov -- - ■■ ■' 


auace, >nher44iti yenr, MFs.Byam, daughter became ibe ivife of Kcj^nmila 

the Hon.Wm. fl. of CeJar-blJ,in BraiJ, ef<). of I.eadeiihall Hreet, Turlicy- 

tbe illand of Aatigiia. mcrthant, a genllemiDof good lepute an4 

At the Hoi wtUa, Briflid, LnJy FliiabetK foicmie, who died aboiit joyeaisagoj by 

Hiai, eUeft tlaueht" af the Ehi 1 ai Enie. wliuni, befi-les Ih: fubjeiSt uf this aiiiule, lis 

At Kyuxe, tt« feat of ilie V.m\ of Ahing- hsd Jnlin Ruiid, efq n™ of Mittliam, Siir- 

don, of a conii'laint in her ftomacli, i:har- rey, a itCpcdaMe Turkey mercti iM and 

lotte Cooniefs of Abinp'oii, and J.nugbier uf bnniiT ; anotliet fjii, Groree 1 .'.nA two 

the late Admiral Sir l-Mer Warren, K. B. d.iujhttrs, out ol whum ij now hvini; at 

Slie was married, July 7,, to W,1. Ci.iph.-ioi. The mother .lied Ko¥. 50, t^i^. 

loiighbT Esrl of Abingdon, \ty whom Ihe Mr. bond of Le:idenhall ftreet h9al a bt oilier 

had fix children I Charlotte, born Oa. la, JmcS) whofefon waiof BeiL; 

1769, died 1784! Ameli.v born Jan. 6, thire, fjil-cbth maker; Fnd Whofe Jaii-jli- 

177+1 Willoughby Lord Nurrji, bom l^eb. tcr Fliii.-ibeth was mirnedto tlie Key. Mr, 

8, 177*. Jiol I'" " ''3><! aiiother Wll- Hedgei, crehetidaty of £«t r, and itai.r , 

lougrihy Lord Norcys lunlii Apiil 1781 i 'if Kolky, in the CMui-.y uf n«.oii. hy th« 

loiii fa- Anne-Bridget, Uirri 1786 j and an- Ar.-i:iv. .i( ."evcral i]iteiinedi;iie hmitbeJ of 

Mher daughter, boin 178^. ilic Hii;>kitii (jn.llf, tons orthe c.thi,. ddUih- 

■7. At Chatham, ageil 84, Mr- Bo« er". leri of Mr- H of EniLcr.s, nuirrwd 10 Darfl 

AI Sundefll, oe^r Ware, Herf5, Mr. Jo. and llickenron,thelM«t*t.*on4,>'.Vavi«*.i 

WdB, Ute malttnecer of [hat place. He liad clerk to Mr. Se^raie, «,tutnei \iv .v-* i*T» 

K9av>d«biz«/wtaMn'JtAa£ivcfivaA<r. bccune, b; vi»a<«ix\i«\ithin^«V'KVTV'w* 

1 $4 Obitiuny of icnfi^ahU Pitfins ; with Biographical AmtiHu. [ Fetn 

SHI tenant in uil of all hit eftates, and* hy tht Rbloe. He was inimediatdf prumocMl 
faflering recoveries thereof, became poT- to the rank of lientenant-coloiMly and com* 
fefled of them in fee^fimple, for which he mandsd Uie 55th regiment of iiifimtry9.uiider 
aJded to his name duit of Hopkins. He Col. d'Aubigny. When the.regimenc was 
%iras niMiiTiiated to reprefent the county of (Hxlered to march to afllft in the ftorminf of 
Surrey in i783» on the ajvaticement of Lord the lines of Haguenatf, iiilUad of proieed- 
Akhorpe to the peerage, ^ut declined before iiig according to ,cuftom on horfehack, at 
thaday ofcleAion. He reprtfeiited ihebo« the head of his battalioOi he marched at 
rough of llchef^cr ; and, at his death, ttfrt of the head of them on foot, wkh a kdap(ack 
Halmelbary. His firil wife was Kfif| Cham- at his hack* in tlie fame mannor as the reft 
berlain, of VVorcefteKhire, whttfe hrotlter of hisfeUow-folJien; with his f4rord drawn 
married Mr. Hopkins's only fifter. His fo- he Went along the raqksy encpuragihg his 
cond wife was Mifv Tomkins. dail^literof men with luiiit Hioiits and exhortations 10 
Captain Tomkim of Downing*ilreec, whom advance with fined bayonetSi^ which lliey ac . 
he married May so^ C7739 by wlinm hd length did, with an intrepidity that amount- 
bad two daajhters; the eldeft died Jand ed almoft lo madne&, andaroidft atramen- 
119 i7Sif the fecoild firrvinii. Mrs. H. dads difcha^ of canniori. After having 
was a lady of a literary turn ; hod tranflateil received a Violent wound in his left Hrm 
lereral of the poetical parts of the Bible, and he perievered^ tfntil, in attempting to carry 
was of a difpofition extremely different from the third rnw of fedoubts, he received a 
tier huiband^ from whom Ate fei)arated» by mortal wotoul, and immediately ftfll, fup- 
mntoal confent, within a year, with a h.ind- parted by twc^ grenadiers and a black 
feme allowance^ and retired to Crickhowel trumpeter, and exclaiming, << I have done 
in Rrecknockihire, where her daughter my part in ferviog human nature. 1 bid 
Uved with her hilf the year till her 4le.tUi» defiance to envy and malice ; and g-c^ry^ 
which happened Sept. 27, i:S8. Some of above all things, to die in the caofe of Li- 
Ihis lady's poetical produ<?tions are truly berty aiid fi^uaUty, to which I have unre- 
elegant. Mr. H. married, thirdly, Feb. 13^ mittingl? devoted my days and my nights. 
^791, Mifs Knighr, filler of Robcit K. cfq. Although I fall an early vi^im of this wide- 
of Bsirrells, co. Warwick, a rotation of tlie waiting pedileoee, brpught on us by a. 
late Lord Cathertogh ; bur^ Iiaving nd illue gfJind conrpir.«dy againft the virtues, I truft 
hy her, has, we uuderftand^ cut oft the nay name Ihall not periiby but that pofte- 
entail of liis eftates, and left tltem to a na- rity will remembefi with holy ve&erationy 
tural fod. For liis widow and d.ntighter^ the OAmes of thofe heroes whom the fwoid 
however, be has made prnvifioo, and has of (laughter has deftroyed while aflierting 
left many other cmfiderahle le^icies; anu>..^ the rights and liberties of mankind J.*' 
which one imperfect clauf:^ reamMistobc At Barbadoes, Capt. Brigjs, of the f> id 
completed by cue benevolence of his r^fi- rcfiment oi fooc. and brother to Sir Jolm 
dnary legatees. *' I leave to itie Humar-.e B. bait, of ^l^ckbroolcy near Monmout'i. 
Society the fiim of ■ ;" \h 't ;■/- At Jamaica, of a coup de foleil, Mr. Wal- 
Jwtunatt'.y a hlanl i^ Itjt f%r v-^ tntf»,.Ud juin.'\ ter Qord^in, of NoTwich, midtiiipaaao on 
He wa:. building an exr>ennve and l-dse board the Hermione. 
houfe ac Broadilain*, iu ilie ille of Thaiicc, At Inninglhannony in Ireland, the Rev. 
at the time o£ hi^ death. tysxa Barrv. 

^r. At !i:<: houfe in Great Siiflblk-ilreer Gdnioud Gall wey^ efq. of George's- qujy, 

Charing-crofs, in his 83d year, M^rnot in Corik.. 

Arbiithni-it, efq. admiral of the Blue. H;s At her houfe in Merrion-ftreet, Dublin* 

laft furvivmgfon,whodied afew ve:in»a<,;o, in her ynth yenr. Right Hon. Lady Anno 

mnrried T:ii£abeth, tlie dangtiter of t)ie Rev. Paly, relidl of D«mis D. efq. fifter of the late 

Jofeph Rumney, vicir of Berwick. ui>un Karl, and aunt to the prefent M^niuis of 

Tweed, an amiable and beautiful young Clanricurde. 

lady, :o whom it b {jid the admiral ha:^ lett AtFaniliamy in an advanced .igSyThoDas 

his fortune. Baker,efq. late of New Alre«ford, and many 

At Yarmouth, after a lon^ nnd painful years an a^ing magiftraie for the counties 

ninefs, aged 50, James Toiner. efq. banker, of Hants and Surrey. 
He fcrvedtheodficeof mayor of tliat borough .At HethH, 00. Norfolki Lady Bsevor« 

in f ySe. wife of Sir Thomas B. bart. 

Aged 77, Edmr.nd Uickeringilly cfq. of Rer. William h^arihali, M. A* rcdlor of 

Pond.full VVix, Eflex. Wniingale Doe, Kflex. 

' LMtJvt in Germany, Henry Yorke, ef^|. ■ Kev. Mr. Hodgftm, of Canthorpe^ nea^ 

late of Derby, who 'is faid to have coufidera- CaiUe-Koward. 

bly diftinguiilied hiuifelf in EngLind by lifs In H>de-lU'eet, Bloomlbury, after 14 

exertions in the canle of Lkl>eity, and to have years confinement, from a ftroke of the 

bem a coii(>:mt objdi^l of perfacucion for his palfy, which deprived him of the ofe of his 

opinion'!. li'Aicn he quitted this CO. mtry, he let ide, the Rev. Dr. Edward HarWood. 

patTcii into Fnnce by c/ie way uf Uege, aud When we recoiled tlie p.)igaaat fulfil ingi 

became a vtiluatmr in tiio f|-«i6b acny oo bowittcd m ^iiSMMit iaVlM repeated corre- 

kive rEceivm) ilie f jllnwiog later from Uie 
DuAnr's fon : 
- Mr.U.iAH, At,. 6, Uydffiriit.Fit.ii. 
" I h.irefenl jn e|»U|>li, wuicb I thouglil 
tai fj'hti's msmory ilcfjrveJ, fur Infercion 
in four vei7 viliuble rup ifilory, ihat ii may 
bepreferteJ. Yoiirs, fcc Eu. H*«w[wi>, 
H. S. E. 
EDVAinO Haiwoof., D. D. 
Vir (amnio iiiaenio )iizJitijs, 
Qiii literal facrai, as^iie »c hiiimnas, 
Mira [eltciwe culiiii, et urn 'V i. 
Ob. i4jan.An;io. 171)4. ,E'.a:is(uj:6i;. 

S. CluiiJIer, D. D. ju«ia Imiic tomiilum 

Shx fiml. Ob, 11 Miii Anno. 1791- ax. 

fine 58. E, H. t il. Pol." 

At HatfieliJ, Herts, macli Imiuiiicd. ihs ' 

Re», Samuel Hjre, roflor of Brachjni|it6ii, 

■ of Woolvenon, near Stuiiy Slral- 

an^ UnniiiLXl liter.iiute 111 ilie Unii-erfity oC 
Sirifboureb, tlie Geiman crilick who puh- 
lifliiMl AppLui, in 177;. ai ^irafburgh, 

(LVIII. 1171, LIX. 1117, LXII ,) 

with lunieil noLcs, in Iliiee *»luniet, aad 
Polyhim in fix volume!, in 1:89, 1790, 
I70«. M LeipTic (LXI. 659), aud Ol.fu- 
v.iliriiit and CoiTcftiiiM on Suiilns, at Straf. 
bii'i-li, i7<ia(LX. 7j)j), haslatfly, nklitno 
oilier pr^ fellori, been guilloliiiej at Slral- 
" ■ : by wliic' ■ 


f.rd, Biic 


lul held tXaiuft 41 year-, is in die patron- 
ags df the Marqmi i.f SaiiHiurj. Ti.o lals 
ler, of ibe TruftcES of III.: late Dr. Raucliffie, 
■f Oifirt. 

1, Sonier/ef, Dr. Polj dnre 


GtHT. Ma, 



i,.|j. His. 

.ting ll 

1 Pulyhius, 

1-51, the tnirityoar of liberiy reftoreJ to 
the Gjllo-Fr.ii;c c |wople, could am (inxeA 

At Tlieifbid, ageJ 6?, Mrs, Warrik;r, 
vih'i krpc ihe ladies' biianjing-fchix); there. 

At HenfiirJ, aged 67, Mr. Juhii Smiili. 

At ItotHwcl', CO. Norlliainpi.m, uf .1 dro,->- 
fy. Mis. Cog.iii, wliu, ill Iwn years Hid one 
muntli, wat tapiied 14 times, and liad nf 

Fell. . 

iof V 

<c (iTC^e plue, of a 

Mr, Coii. 


caiy, uiul riiaii-mW.ivi!e,iwT ivi.M Iw'.-j "it-^' 

0£ xa apjpUeu at, Mt. ftuuiiXn^V't 

1^6 Ohituaty ifcon/idiraUi Pirfinsi with BUgraphieal AmtioUt. [ Feb. 

Rev. Mr. B. i*e£Vor of Wilbrahanii co. Canth. 

At Calne, Wilts, Mr. Samuel Tripp, fen. 
late ai) eminent foap-nuker at Briitol. 

At firidgcQortb, Mr. William Oakes, hop- 

. At Bath, Rev. 8.imuel Carr, D. D. prc- 
btmlai y of St. Paul, rcdtor of St. Andrew 
UtiUeribart) St. Mary Axe, and of Finchley. 
He was of Clare-lull, Canibnii£e,A.B. 1758, 
A.M. 1 761, S.T.P. I73i. He was prc- 
fc need to all thercdloiies Ui 1770, by Dr. 
Terrick, bifiiop of London, by the cefTion 
of his r.ephcw W^altcr. 

While drink ug his aftprnoon-tea, of a 
palpitation oF die heart, Mr. James Smith, 
rate maimer of the grammar-fchool at Holt^ 
CO. Norfolk. 

At Gain (borough, agedSji Mr. Richard 
^Vil«>n, many years ma(\er of tlie Black- 
moor's Head inn thoe, and well known and 
i-efpc(5led as a convivial companion. 

At Oundle, Mr. Biddlecomb, formerly an 
officer of excife, from which fituation he 
had foine time leiired. 

At Stoney Stantony co. Leicefler, aged 
106, Mr. Chy. 

At Great Wigfton, in the fame county, 
aged S4, Mr. Simeon Brewer. 

At4 IjnvAith-dock, of a fever, Mr. Geo. 
Hduard Biixl., of his Majefly's fhip Bellona, 
and yoiJ'.i^cft fon of ptorge B. «fq. of St, 
Laonarirs-hili, Winchteftcr. 

At Ponwfter, aged 74, Mrs. Prifcilla 
Co'ke, auni to Sir George C. bait. 

In ail advanced age, Mrs. Mary Watts, of 
Qt^eeii-ffiuare, Weftminfter. 

At Old Huckenham, Norfolk, aged 66, 
JVTrs. Anne Mannings. Peatfi f.cms to have 
diif^ed lit. fhiifls wiih an unerring hand, 
l.iTcly, a' the inn-ker|er>. The Balh road 
has been cleared of rcirly all the old ones 
uithin A few m<-n;hs ; and now, in London, 
Otjnni g, of W.iter-lane, young V\ Iwllcy, of 
Friday -llrect, and XSorial, of the CaHle, in 
^WOod-ftrcet, all he dead in their honfcs. 

Ai W ikoji-houle, Mr. Henry Cowncd,' 
tvli" luid lived upwards of 40 ye jrs in the 
fv I vuc of C*ie hie En I of Pembroke. 

.Nt M:;l;(.n Mowbray, aged 92, Mrs.' 

At Lib ho ife in Friar-yard. Nortingh.i.oi, 
A£4.J 82, Jolm, gent, unc of ilic peo« 

pit- C.ilJru Q^; ikci *. 

Al Cna'Jiiito, .'^fijcd about qc, Mrs. Crow- 
C'lT, relid of joLii C:. geiu. of t.' town. 

Fth.\. .<\ged 74, Rev. Ienni;:g::, 

M. A. ^o ye.iiE !icnd nir.fter of St. >avi'»u» ■^ 
grnn->mar-ii"ujol, in the b{)iour*i of South - 
w.-iik, I'fid l.uc curato of St. Aiphage, Lon- 
don -wnli. 

At Greenwich, ngcd 74, of a paralvlic 

ftu^ke, Vi. John White, fo:•rl^^rly in the 

i//d'i icrvi<e, and father of Mr. ^\ . of the 

jcyet-i:c hnjid at iMa*fr:^*. 

^c Fe-ici, Mr. Joi>ti Simmons, many 

y^M\>; fiiif^cuyA .nvo np(..i\v\'H>y at ChathaiTi, 

but hud i^iiuy VLiircC (I'om bufmni. 

At Wrington, Balh, after a fhort Jllnefs, 
Henry Leeves, efq. father of Rev. Mr. L. 
retlorof that parilh. 

S. Adcy, cfq. of Durflcy, co. GlouceAcr. 
At Lincoln, aged 64, Mrs. Anne Mills, 
late of Stretton, Kutbnd. 

At Beverley, Mr. Wood, of Wawn, in 
Htiidernefs, farmer. He was jufl going to 
pnount his hoi fe at the inn-door, in order to 
return home from Beverley nurket, when 
he fuddenly dropped down, and, though 
every afli (lance was immediately afforded 
him, he died in a Ihort time. 

In his 78th year, aft^r having ferved his 
country many years as an useful and vigilant 
magiftrate, Samuel Rafh, efq. of £aft Dere- 
ham, CO. Norfolk. 

z. At Newton, near Bingham, aged 79, 
after an illurf' of o:dy two hours, Mr. Wal- 
ker, a reput;ible farmer. 

At Nottingham, Mr. Green,, fupervifor 
of excife. 

At Baflon, near Stamford, the H01I. Capt. 
Seymour Finch, brother to the Earl of 

Suddenly, wkile conveifing with a friend. 
Rev. John Powell, M. A. an a£)ive magif- 
trate, and redtor of Raync, near Braintree, 
Effex, to which he was prefented in 1756, 
and in which Bp. Kidder had preceded him 
^ in the lad century. 

At Exeter, aged 78, Wm. Norris, efq. of 
Nonfuch, near Devizes. 

At her boufe in New Nortli flreet, Red 
Lion-fquaie, Mrs. Wade, reltfl of Cliarlcs 
W. efq. late of tlie Cu{lom*houfe. 

Hon. Baron Power, fecond baron of the 
Court of Exchequer in Ireland ; of dillin- 
guithed eminence on the bench, and of not 
lefs reputation as an intelligent lawyer. He 
was alfo ufher to (he Court of Chanceiy ; in 
light x)f 'which office, large fums of money, 
in conteft, were (Kcafionally depofiied in his 
hands, for the fecurity of luitors. In the 
conteil between the Duke of Chandos and 
tenantf, which io long engaged the Chaiv- 
ccry, a Lirgc fum had been p:iid by tlic te- 
ndinis, which, under an order of the Coun, 
was to be inverted in government fecnriiies, 
thc^ principal and accruing inteieil to be tiie 
rit;f.t of the party who obtained the decree \ 
w.hifh terniinatcJ, afier many ye^rs, in fa- 
vour of the tenants. On adjuflrr.eiu of ac- 
counts, the u!hei , a»J in riglit of oliice, with- 
held iHs intcrult, which amoun{\:d tt) ne.if 
^oocl. The tenants appealed to the Clian- 
deli'or, who wa^ ilruck with the c<iuity of 
their clain), and which we have realon to 
think was Hill ftrengihenid by an order of 
the la;e Chancellor. Lord Fitzg'^^'*'*'^ '"^" 
medi.itely dirccttd the ufhcr tj apjxar in 
eoiurr, to aiifwei for hii, conJij<5t. The Ka- 
rt>n htfiKited, if not reftiiVd ; ^kUcdging his 
llntion as a j'Jd(;e, and hoUhng a feat alfo on 
the fame bench with the C!»aicello', in the 
Cavul ot \//LC^"l^^^<iT•c^^■^Tt^\'>t^v, The Chan- 

aftn-fonie(in:<lt lig.ic'S!, he lui kfi ro hii 
ner'liew. This (unity hat been remarkalily 
ufifertunale ; one krolher wu kilUil, a few 
y«-irs finie, by ihe Wliinhoyt i a fecood 
broke liij neck when hnnl^ngj »iid a itiirJ 
»J above related, fell a (acsifice to hipi- 
f|Mriied pride. 

Aged 44., the wife nf Mr. Thomas CiibN, 
of Calthrop-houfe, Banbury, in OxFarillhiie, 
hanker. Mn.C. canght acotdiii retutiiing 
(ran viGiirg a Iricnil a few eveninp befote, 
and wilhoiH dw IcM danger beittg appre* 
heiided by the f:imily or iheir medical, funk awij' iniu Ihe arms of Ue^ih 
a ligh, -r<«[), or ItruggI* ) nne day 

only was 

of her martiase- She has left 3 unmerotii 
lamily lu regret her lofs. 

3. Mr. Gabriel Touriiie, of Puivlerrim- 
place, Behnalgreeo, miny years mailer of 
the Ireiidi fchoo' in Cburch'ftreec, Spital- 

At an advanceJ age, Tlmmas Manairg. 
h.iro, M. [>. of B.iih i a gentleman of grea 
Ikitl at.d reinit^linn in his profcHinn, .inil of 

At Foremarlc, co. Derby, Francis BuiJett, 
efcj. only foa of the venerable Sir Robei t B. 
ban. aiiil fjilier of Sedley. a. tfq. who i)[i< 
forf imaiey ptnSheJ with />if J Ma ir-ji le in 
^aeujp'ins 10 p3fnnr falls o£ tbt itiiut flbe 
teLLXiJl.p.iBj^i. '■ 

chjeoTogia" of Lhe Soejety uf Antiquaries, of 
which lie became a memtcr 177; ; ami 
fnme communicationt To Mr. Urtun, figned 
J, B. He alliftrd Dr. Nalh in the early part 
at his WorcEflerlhire Culleaions, and Mr^ 
Cough in the account of Yorkftiire, in iht 
new edition of Camden's " Kriiannia." See, 
b " Archseologia," vul. IV. p. iMi, hii 
cMtiefhiret nn a (cal of Sir Ricliard Worf- 
leyt ibid, jii, Uic cerenwnial of making 
the king's bed I V. 1 SI, iltuftration of * 
Saxon infcriptiiin t»n llie church of Kirkdale, 
in the North riilinE of Yorkfhire ; ib. in, 
accniini of an antieni Teal of Roben baroo 
Fill Waller I ib. a^i and 367, defcripiLon 
of the great feal' of Qjieen Catharine Parr, 
and Marv d'tfle, lecond u ife of Jamel tl. ( 
VI. 39, iltuftration of a Saxnn infcripiioii iti 
A1dh»n»isli church, in Holdemc& 1 VII. 
416, a deed nf the tnaooi' of Nether Sil> 
tlingion, CO. York. Mr. 8. has left an el» 
der brother, an atioriiey, and two riftert 

fiduary legatees. Hit MS*, uiid many of 
his books are bequeathed To Ihe College 
of Arms. He was buried in St. Bsmiet's 
church, Benrei's-hill, where feveral of 
the college liave heen de^lA^i. Vl\% V.\- 
neral, alteuJeii b^ ttw \\wv*is-aAV««>N<i\ 
relations, was a\t«iaeiMim^a'^«i Vn \vv^ O'cw* 
the Dulteol«(«t5Ak^,^.U.«»t't'*'^'^^^ 

l8S Obituary 9fc$nJiderahUPerfint\vJlthBi$graphieaUnici9tis. [Feb« 

cefter, P. A. S. Sir Jofcph Banlw, P. R. S. 
Jdbn Topham, Craven Ord, and Edmund 
Tumor, efqrs. FF. A. and R. SS. Rev, Mr. 
Brand« Sec. A.S. Jolin Calcy, JaineR Moore, 
and John I-amhcrt, cfcjrs. FF. A. S. who 
voiunurily paid this lad tribute of regard to 
their deceafcd friend. — His fellow futtcrer on 
the fame f Jtal evening was 

Benjamin .Pingo, efq. York herald, fon 
of Mr. Thowias P. engraver of the Mint, 
who died in X776. He was Rouge Dragon 
purfuivant 178^, and York herald 1786. 
He was buried in the Tower along with his 
family, and his funeral was attended by the 
Ci)lltge of Arms. He was much rcf|>e6ted 
by his brethren as an honefl and good mail. 
He alfo has left his MSS to the CoU-gc. 
^ The other fiifferers by this melancholy 
accident, tlint hivc l)een owncil, are, 

Mr. Robinfon, only fou and fucctrlTor of 
KlrlR. farrier, in Coleman-flreet and Clerk- 
enwell, wlio died Jan. 13, 1789. 

Capr. Pigot, of the royal navy. - 

Mr. Brandranr., nephew of Mr. B. of the 
while lead nianufadlury, Horfley-down. 

MitV Biandram, niece of Mr. B- 

Mrs. Kiflier,ri(tcF-in»lawio Mr. Brandram* 

Mr. GeoigoGaibiUt^of Wd'cloie-fqu r ■, 
late captain pf tlie Three Siftci?, of Wli'.b . 

Mrt>. Gw.iikm, an ami.iblc young huiy, 
the wife uf Mr. G. Dancing luader, Bart- 

Mif> \Viiiu.)w, daup.htcriDf Mr. \V. cop- 
. per- pi il'B-i'milh, >hot; 

Miib ChnrloucB'i>Tn>cl:, niece to Mr. Nor- 
ton, coach- makei, Bjrnct s-l^rcet. 

Mrs. Alice VViilis, and E. S. Willis, wife 
andfo'io^ Mr W. lioll^orii-court,Oravs-intu 

Mrs. Anne Spencer, wifeoF Mr.S. butcher, 
Sr. Jam'.s*s-ai3t kct. 

Mrs. Hal twcU, of Earl-ftf. B'.ackfriar^. 

4. Ai Beaumaris, of a milk f^vci, .i!i r 
betMg faicly ticlivereJ of a d.i'.uiIUi:!", ihe 
Lady of S«r Th<>n■la^ Hvdc P.^^c, knt. 

Mrs Gabiiel MalMns, wife «f Gabriel M. 
eft], of Middle Scotland-yart!, VV'J.iichall. 

Ac VVoolhampton-houfe, Heiks, aged five 
years, the Hon. Frr.nccs Bofcawen, fecond 
d^nijiUfr of Lord Vifcount Falm::u:lj. 

At K>;b, Thomas 1 utlriJge, efq. one of 
the gc.ulcnicn utbers of hi^ Majclly'i> privy- 

In her 8:dyear, Mrs. Houfe, young- 
er and mai Irn fil\cr of Henry H. efq. father 
of Wcftmii.fter. 

5, At the aoufe of Nathaniel B<riiard;f- 
too, elq. in Ham «'-lt. cct, of a pii..!v:;c 
li;"oke, in ihe 7.1I year of hr;r a-^-^, Mrs. 
Gaxvfell, wiiiow of the late Rev. John G. 
iiiiruutli g miiiirtcr at liary St. Eilrainul--, 
v.ho tlicJ 476^, and riiv>iiier of Mis. Bur- 
^rdtll -n. 

At tlni hnnfc of Mr Tromclls, i:i Noi'h- 
^mhetinllhcci, Mifi Wiiilby, fulwi to 

Mn, /Lfilu::intirth, of Il.iitoa-gqrdeni rc- 

At his chambers in Lincoln's-inn, Richard 
Burke, efq*. counfellor at law, recorder of 
Btiftol, and brother of the Right Hon. Bd- 
mund B. ; with whom and another relation 
he had fupped Che preceding evening, in 
Duke-ftre^t, St. Jame>'s, when he was in 
good health and fpi'its; and at 12 o'clock 
was earned in ^ coach to Ins chambers, 
where he was foon a.^wer taken very ill, and 
cicpired before three in the morning lie 
was ufually called D:ck Burke, on account of 
his eaf/ humour and familiar gooi! -nature, 
and was a very valuable mnn. He p«)ffVlTea 
an urulerltandii^g which, though didant from 
the iranfcendant powers of his brother, was 
highly refpe6\able, and fraught with various 
and abunda.nt knowledge. H« excelled in 
repartee, which he delivered with a pleafant 
quainin.fs, that gave aii av'.ditional poigaincy 
to the feniimcnt. Bat it is tlte bel\ part of 
the eulogium which his ciiara^cr dem;4ods, 
that I'.e had an humane and honourable 

6. Tobi ts Stspleton, efq. of Lincoln's-inn, 
atlointy at l\w. By rhi^ geniltman^l de;'tli 
the ici|u:dt.^ble part of t!ic profelllon Lis loft 
a mr»ft valuable membc«*, who never en- 
couraged or undertook a difhonourable fuit, 
and fcarcely ever f:i led of carrying a juft 
one. Bi'i n in a coamry famed for the fpirit 
and j:*-neroCty of iis inhabitants, and long 
relJdeut in London, the writer of this arti« 
cle, wiio kntw him zt yea»?, ventures to 
.'(Teit. as an cxan.ple to iri*^ liling genera- 
tion, that he ncvtr was acq;'.aint"d wiih any 
atl of his life uhicU wa:» not aiiinuied by 
hu:;.an':y, integiiiy, aiiu l^nour. 

At T. -i ick i:p..n Twccxl, atjed tt, Capt. 
Chailc:> Terrott, «tf the invalii's. He lived 
to be the oldeft ofticer in his .V;<J6fty's fer- 
vice, having borne a comniii'ion 67 years, 
and :ct3»ned all his fcnfes, with every faculty 
of h:smiiid, in full vig(*ir, till witlun a few 
days of hii death, lie was father to Eli.ts 
Tein»t^ efq. captain -lieutenant of »he 5:d 
or ().\l .rd rtgim-.r»f, who w.ib kdled at 
B.uigd;jr-, in tlie Ea'.t I • dies, Oy a randoi^fi 
ih r, wl;iie he was icconnoiiring the ene- 
my's works. C.^p^ T. was born in Irclij^, 
his parents were bo:h of France, whtucp 
liiey had fled during the perftciituwis in the 
end of the lart cen ury. In tl>c year 1758, 
he nuriicd M'.fs tli2;\bcih Piat», who vvas 
niece ro Elias Borhan., ef<j. of Berwick up- 
on Twe^d, who had large poflcn.ons there, 
to worn Capt. lerioi% f luily wcit: heii>, 
bv wh m he has alfo Ch.oles. T. a o:ht;r 
Gill, L;ipt.:;n and Qm iirer-maller of the ar- 
tiilety, and two d i.g 

7. At his lod^iir's in Bond A'^c't, the 
Rev. J 'iiM Shcbbearp, of S . Maiy-haU, 0)5- 
fofvl, L^ C. L. I7^5, ntl -r of Kail llnni- 
don, LUex, to whch he had been p'cfcnt- 
ed by fh*!^hters of the late Sir John 
Tyrre'I, Wait. l>cf;>rc 1772. 

Ml . Jv^iih \Sa ^\v\\^^ViAVVtv,of BeU-yard, 
or-'^o^ti iU^tixoo.';uTv«:uv, 

AeeJ 79, Mr. KiiheTrBtiiian, of Lincoln, 
fatoftrlf ftipervifornf exciie. 

Ased 1-4. Mi^. Hun-.of Tiu'HDn,W'd..w. 

ir. M- •■ 

St. Helen 

AJvan . . ........ 

■DOcJ, cit Linccitn, a m.iiijeii laJy. 

AC LuUerW'irlh, in h» i^tti year, Mr. 
Thorn.-) Hea!w, iitnnKf. 

K'lled b^ a Are-cn!;ine, diu ing Ihe fire it 
KniEhllbrnlEe (fee !>. I7T1), Mr. Gieuber i 
Wl.M hd.t fillet .-111 importiul ollice in Ehe E. 
ln.UK, ao-l had ruLume.l (u EneliniJ willi j 
pUniiFiiI fuitiHi:, Ituiiourahljr ai.iimre<l as (u- 
pcrinteiiilaiit ui Ilie great mullin manufjc- 
Itt'c 31 D.icci. He h.ul, that •!:<¥, been I'ti a 
Viiit la liii tirMl>ei', C.ipi.Greiibei',<}FSIu.-uie- 
itrecl ; and, r:! Llie alarm tiCihe iieighbonr* 
ing -itc.lci.t, itiey Imili w.-lked to ilie fpot [ 
wt.-;re ibey lud no fiHiiier arrived, tlun an 
eng .IS, nioved along by men, nilheil fo fu- 
r i>.;lj' ojion ilicm, on ihe fimt-p-illi, ilnt 
the? h-ui not lime i.< efcpe. Mr. G. 
IliEownOuun, u.n^ foiliCMf fully iramplal 
flti, 2nJ crtilbc- ', rbji he expi''cJ in about 
pilf aa huur, moH of bit rita being broken. 

uich. Not. 16^ t7}4i oducated. fiift, un" 
der ttie Rev. Mr. Brett, at Seaming, ia 
Nrrulk; afterwards, under the Rev. Mr. 
Ctu-illiaii, at Ha-cfdale, in Suffiolk 1 and ad. 
miiicit ai GoDvilie and Calm college, Ciam- 
biii'ge, where he procoedad It. A. 1761, 
Itn.A, 1764, and was an hunorary (elloiV ' 
lill Jan. 1, 1766, wlien he married EUeiior, 
daughter ol Slieppard Frere, efq. a! Koj' 
don, CO. Suflulk, who Tiu-vivei him, and bf 
H-liom he had no iltue. He was huned, by 
hi< particuiai' defite, ia t^ie vault. of ber fa* 
miiir at Finningiuun, Co. Sutfolli ; tiis ova 
anccftoTE, except an sged mother who fur. 
vivei bin, being dejiurued in a vault at 
Hcughton ill le, in North Greenhpe 
hu.Hlred, Ni>rFolk., «, liavuig .ill died in hu 
e.irlieil infancy ; he oinfidered himlell at CO- 
gr.ified into ht wife's (', which, in a 
man lofundol h-Tmldic and Gcnealiigical ftu- 

tliem. Sir Juhn diftinguiftied liimfelf early 
by his application 10 tl\e ftoi'] fS km «»\«iA 
hirtpry and aii-.i-^uiue?, tat -(.'wAv Yjt W^ 

• Sjeaionwtus.'^N.'iv.,. 

190 Obituary of confiJerabIc Pirfons. — Gazette Promotiens, [Feb. 

formed )preal colle^ions, particularly that of 
Fcier Lc Neve, for the contigaous counties 
of Nodblk and Suflblk, from the wreck of 
tti^ U Thomas Marti n, to eredl a monument 
to whctfc memory in the church where he 
was buried he has left a fum of money. 
Among the reft was a lars^ collection of 
original letters, written* during the reigns of 
lieniy VI. Edward IV. Richard III, and 
Henry VII. by fuch of the Pafton family, 
and odiers, who w^i-e pcrfonally prefent in 
court an! camp, and were, in thofe times^ 
j>erfr^.".v of grcflt confequence in the toun'y 
o\ Not-folk. Thefe letters contain many cu- 
rious and authentic ftate anecdotes, relating 
not only to Norfolk but to the kingdom in 
general, as to the wars in France. 1 wo vo- 
lumes of them were publiibcd in 1787, 410 
(fee vol. LVII. pp. 165, 472), and dedi- 
cated, by permiflion, to his Majefty, who 
rewarded the merit of the editor with the 
faonour of knighthood. Two others ap- 
peared in 1789, with notes and iUuilrations 
by Sir John ; and we have the pleafure to 
learn that a dfch is Icfc ready for tlie prefs. 
He was the author of a very interefting let- 
ter to Mr. Urban, " On the Poft and Port- 
age of Letters, and on the Priviltga and 
Modes of Franking Letters" (LIV. 644). 
Though he contributed nothing to the Ar- 
ch;eol(gin of the Society of Antiquaries, he 
"wns a benefactor to them by drawing up 
" Three Chronological Tables" of their 
members, which were printed in a qtiarto 
pamphlet, i?84, for tlie ufe of the StHiiety. 
But his merit tvas not confined to his li- 
brary. As an adtive, know-ng, and upright 
magiftraie, a z^alou5, waim, difmtereftcd 
friend, and in all tl^e duties of focial life, he 
has Irfc few equals ; and his I«fs is univer- 
fally deplored, even by thofe whofe condu^ 
fais example reproached; and the fe verity of 
his viiiue awed. If theinquifitiveaijtiquarjr, 
the, faithful, and accurate writer, be 
juftly va'ued by literary ch.ira£ters ; the in- 
telligent and upright magiHraie, by the in- 
habitants of the c(>uiity in which he refided ; 
the informing and p'eafing companion, the 
waiTu ai d ftcady friend, the hontft and 
wonliy man, tlie g^M^U and exemplary Chril- 
tian, by thofe wiih whom he was connect- 
ed ; the i!e:ith of few iniiividuals will he 
more fenfihly felr, more generally regretted, 
«r more fmccrely Kimented. 

14. At Barmhorough, near Doncafter, the 
Kcv. Ar.tiioiiy Eyre, reiidentiaiy of York 

At his f.^thcr's houfe, aged 18, Mr. Tho- 
mis Kobtrt^, fon of Mr. John R. roaftcr of 
the White Horfe inn, Fctlci-hme. 

At Chatham, in confequtnce of tlie wound 

he received in a duel with Lieut. Ford, on 

the 6rh inltant, Enfign Bimberry. 

re. At B'>liol, near St. Margaret's, Ro- 

chtf^er, Mr SieiAwn "[xmg, gentleman- far- 

••»«•/> n/ BoCial. 


/L'^^'^' 9^'^^''^ H-immerflcr, daughter 

Mrs. Newton, of Charbs-Areet, Berke- 
ley- fquare, widow of Dr. N. late biihop of 

17. In Old Fifh-ftreei, in his 70th year, 
Mr. Thomas Detble. 

18. In Maddox-ftreet, Hanover-fquar^, 

Mifs Hercy, fitter of H. cfq. banker, 

of Bond-ftreet. 

19. At Portfmouth, af^er a few days ill. 
nefs, Mr. VVm. Andrews, one of the laiiding- 
waiters at that port, axKl many years mailer 
of the Phccnix lodge, held at the Three Tuus 
in that town. 

In Lichfield-ftrcet, Soho, very much ad- 
vanced* in years, Mr. John Gerard, auc- 
tioneer ; a man of the ftridteft integrity in 
his pfhfcflTion, and well known to the .-mia- 
tenrs in every fpecies of curious coUeAionf 
particnlarly i^rints and medals. 

24. In Hertford-fticet, Hugh J ones, efq. 

Gazette Promotions. 

SIR John Dick, and Jolm Martin Leake, 
efq. appointed comptrollers of the ariti/ 

Sir Benjamin Thompron,knt. privy-coun* 
fcUor, lirufenant -general, and commander in 
cliief of the general Itaff of the army of his 
Moft Serene H ghncr^ the £le£lor Palatine 
Dukd of Bavaria, and colonel-proprietor of 
his Highnefs's regiment of artillery, permiu 
ted to accept the title and dignity of a Count 
of the Holy Rontaii Empire, by the flyle aad 
title of Cotint of Rumford ; which hall) been 
conferred upon him, expiefily as a reward 
for his public forvices, by his faid Highnefs 
the Eledor, in the month of May, 1792, 
when his Mofl Serene Highnefs was in tiic 
exercife of the powers of a Vicar of the Em- 
pire : alfo, to wear the royal military order 
of St. Staniflaus, and the moil antient and 
royal order of tlie White Eagle of Poland ; 
both of which have been conferred upon 
him, the former in the month of July, 1785, 
and the latter in the mouth of Auguli, 17&9, 
by his Majefty the King of PolanJ. 

Col. Oliver De Lancey, appointed bar- 
rack-roaftcr-general t<» his M;ijelty*s forces. 

Capt. John Abeifrombie, of tlie 75th foot, 
appointed mpjor of bi ig.ide to the forces on 
the Continent under the Dnke of York. 

George H<.llin<, and — Jobrens, ap- 
pointed furjeons to ih« f.«id forces. . 

Thomas Byrd^l Hugo, appointed deputy 
purve)or to the hofpitals for the laid forces. 

John Bcffcll, Ke'ijamin Mee, Frederick 
De Diemar, Gideon Duncan, John Brown, 
James New hnd, Fra:csCoflin, and Tho- 
mas Greft, appointed ; nillunt Cimni.flaries 
of llores, provifions, &c to the faid forces. 

Col. John St. Leger, appointed barri»ck- 
roaftcr 10 the faid forces. 

Fiancis M'Donnel, appointed furgeon to 
the faid forces. 

Major Charles Craufurd, of the 2d tir.i« 
goou-g\iarCi^, a\»\>o\tvVt<i ^ti^>^v^ aAviucvt-^e.- 
nen& to vbe \»l4 totct^ 

ao.AU in Goul UumouE— Hci^lio f'li a 
Huftand !— Nil Song No S-,.i.pei . 

31. My GninJrooHMi— The Ch.ld, =11 in [h( 
Wo J~H»rle4iim VenfiMt. 

Ft*. I. All in GwrJ Miimoui— Heijho for a 
Hafbund !— The Prize. 

3. My GrAnJmoOisr— Ko SoiiE N» Siip- - [[he Mariners. 

4. The f rodigil— Heigtmfui a HulbanU 1— 
«. The Recroiiin; Oificer— Thi: Ch.ljicn 

in Ihe Wu.<il. 
- 6. The Haunted To*ei~Mo[k Do«..r. 

7. ThePriie— TheChiUrciiiiiiheWooJ- 
Hnrrequm fcifaiH. 

8- The Qu ikcr— Hcisho far a !— 

-to. MjGrandm[i[l>er— The Cli.Uien inilis 

Wood— Haritiiiiiii Fia(, 
(I. Rofioa— My tir,in<iii.oiliei— Tl.c Purfr. 
11. The Qiuker— Ways and M=-an,— Dillo. 
Ij. Tbe Padlock— Tlie HriK-Dnio. 
14. Hofinj— MyGiiiidmuiiHrr — L::K". 
■ 15. A Qifaiter of mi Hour b=tuii Diiiuer— 

29.'Di.iiElas— l>itln. 

3 1 . King t.Kir — Diiio. [derert* 

iv5. i.VenicePrefei-v'd — TheMidnijEUWao- 

3. Macbeth — Harlequin .-oh] Faulliii. 

4. Venice Prerer/d— Tlie MiduEbt Wan- 


Lsif". Frai'Mli; a, f'ttrf. agamfi Vtf 

f,«— HaiUard Bridge. 
Dilio— Ofcar and Malviiia. 
Ditto— Diilo. 

The Bitle's St raugem— Ditto. 
Love't Fiailtiek — Hirlenuiiiaud Fanflu)/ 
DiHu— Oftar and M.ilvina. 
RcoJioltum— Hailrqiiinand Fjuflm. 
Till World in a VilUge— Sprigs nf Laurel 
■■' Callle of Anii.luri»— The SchotJ 



■ WJjaeof tan JkJ iJuJer iwo yeiii vid 733 

Day ill Turkey— Ofcar acid M.ilsina. 
Wild Oats— The Farmer. 
ThtF^iirPemleiit- H.,ilic|uliiaiidFaullu» 

B I ; »od 10 -,S \ to »n4 It! i.I.n 
J 40 W»4 io i»* \ ».'>° 


Illll 1 1 MM 

::: i 








r *i 


64- MtWrihgUal Dlivj f»r March, 1794. — TbiolrUal Rtgtftir « 

MiTEOKOLOOiCAL Tablb foF Maixh, 1794. 
BtighiofFitmnhcit'iTberDDinticri eigbi of Fahrcnlieit'i Thcniontttr* 




in M»r. ,j94. 

















W. CARY, OpiicUn, No. 181, 

r Horrolk-SrrcM, Strand. 


ro. 17- Melliih. 


lid Sclc^inn of Sacred MuTick. 


nd Selecliou— Aci» aitd GiLttoa, 






^«-/^;.'-. t.'.4,,//.„«-The QoA*r. ■ 


Dhtiv-Tlromii anJ S-'ly. 






0— Tl.e Cluidren iii tlie Wo.«l. 



. All ill Cw>d Humour— Djtio— 

1 ho Ptiiff. 

J. The ltei.-Lobt7 Challengp— My Grand- 
4. RofFiia— TllB Pril^T-The Chddren in 
ilie Wood. ■ [SallT, 

fi. Tit Biix-Lobhj' Challenge — ThcnnaiiiKl 
F. Half ail Hnur alier tapper— Dius — 

Tlic Piiife. 
ij. Kufiiu—MyCranJiootlier— Children in 
(ba Weill. ' '•- 

K-Lohhjr Cb^fl«nse— TheCitiien; 
1 ,. Ttic|[Viil«— TliePnie— TheChil- 
■ -leWoihl. 

. »i. ThcTrimlm iit Smtx!rLn.i—DeJlavKr . 
14. The Ttniler UnflKuid — t&u'lcquio and 
Finltus. [(tfaDay. 

ij. The TravcUcn in Swilterland— foUics 
l6. Ditto— -Katherine and Pemchio. 
»7. Ditto— Lovers' QuaireB, 
Mtreb I. Di'li>— Thelrirhman thLomJaO. 

3. Dino— The Midnight Hour. 

4. Dino— Mod«m Aniiquet. . . 
6. Ditto — He wnu'd he a Suldier. 

.'}. Grand Sel.-flion of Sacred .Mufick. 
-S. The Tnvellen m SwitierUod — He 
would be a Solder, 
^mother. -tfi.Diltu— Harlequin wu) Faalliig. 

. Turkiy— SprigsufLioreL 

ti.GiandSe>eAionaf Sacred Mubck. 
I]. The TraTclIelj in Swjtierbmd — He 

wou'd he a SnIJier. 

14. Ale]u[ider''Fealt — Grand MilccllanBOUs 
Act nf Sacred Mulick. 

15. The Tiavellen in SwLiterland — Three 
Weckj a/ier Marriage. [Faiillus. 

17. The Grecian DiJghiH' — Karleqmn and 
it. Tlie Trarellen iaSA'ilcerland— Animal 
LntibyCliallenge — TheMirinen ig. Srand SeleAion nf Sacred Muriek. 
1 hvn.ii and SjKj— The ft»;ntiling Of- la. Tlie Tr.iVLllers in Swilierland— Harje- 

flc'i- -TheFiufe. J the Wood. qutn and PauRifc. 

Ro'i'ii — My Graiidmolher— Children in al. L' Allegro ed il PenGerofo— Grand Mif- 
iT-e ffxX Lithhy rhjl'eiiic — ThePnie. cMlaneoui AS of Si-treti MuAck. 

Tl.e (^j'liC!— My (Iniidnuiiher— rhe 21. The Traveller! in SwitzerJjtkl — T'le 
Ch.ur.n in th« Wood. [Pjirfe. Irilhman in Lomlou. [Faullus. 

ThcP:i.ligiI TlicHai'mcdTower—The - *4.The Grecian Daugbler— tJarlei|uia aiid 
i.'ifii^a - . he Fi ize— TlieChildi«ii inihe 15. FiMaimillt Fvt/t— I lie Voat SoMJer. 
u . ij. Gram) SelcftiunuC sacred Miifick. 

tj. Tlie B m-I-obby Cbatlingb— The CI. U a6..Grand Sule^ion of Sacred Muliik. 
i:,t ■ , iiH v.d. 17. FifliAinviUe Foreft— Comuf, 

4fi. Ri.riiu-My Hr. ndmother— The Chil- iS.MeffiA. 

'je Wooii. . i9.Fontiiitw\\\eT«tft.— MertSotaWiSie, 

/>.ii'£hier— The Purft. ji.TrtieUenvft^^ai.— fttt'.»\»t^'tifi™ 

ji. t; 




Qentkmans Magazine : 

For M A R-C H, 1794. 


Mr. VMMh*, tUrth ?. 

ttrlgrwigCK O M B cndii fesmiag to 

V^^'^Q »»• «!«■ («>'«.»»«.), 

C c C to a rmiad ■uertioii» 
M 2> jDl that Lady W. M. dc 
3DC ,)B( ver wrote a lio« of the 

W WWW jnl Letters that ptfi under 

her name, give me leave 
ttfmeKtxNi what I happened to know of 
tbt setter i which maayy perhapt, will 
thwk deciiiVe coward* mtling all doobtt 
ca the fubjedi The tlm^g volume* of 
cho lectert were publiflied in April, or 
B&7» 1763. 19 June, the next year. 
Ib my wav from Lifle to. Gheoti I di- 
Bcd at »e public uhle at Coottravy 
with, perhaps, 15 or ao more travel- 
lers, on difierent routes x among them 
was tb< RcV. Mr. Benj. Sowden, mini- 
%mt of the Sngliihthurch at Rotterdam, 
whoTe name oipun appears in yoar vo* 
lumtf, who feemed co me to be the moft 
chearfut, open perfon I ever met with 1 
and he told me, in the moft feriout man- 
ner, that her Ladylbip lodged, for fome 
time, at his houl'e, and left with him 
her Letters in queflton, to be publifhcd 
after her death : - when that event took 
place, he thought it was but decrot to 
acquaint the family, and know if they 
had any objedions they had} and a 
segociacion was opened for feitling the 
douceur he was to receive for delivering 
up the copy s tois l«fted fix months { and, 
juft as he bad received the money, the 
Letters were poblilhed, but, as he aifu- 
red me, entirely without his knowledge 
(though the family could not help fui- 
pe£ting otherwife), only that the date of 
the preface from Venice was an im^gi* 
nary one* This is the fubflance of what 
I was then told 1 and, a» ic is not very 
likely that any body will fuppote tliat 
14r. Sowden wrote them himfelf, after 
the nobie and learned head of the fami- 
ly was fo far fatisfied of their origina- 
lity as to pjy a hand fome prsmium for 
fating poUeflion of them, it is hardly 
(feJSa// to enter fdither into a defence 

of them : elfe it would ndt be difficult 
to do it for the whole, allowing only the 
fingle one in which the Sigeao infprip. 
tion is mentioned, to have come from 
the fame delicate pen which obliged ua 
with all the reft 1 as the hiftory of the 
other infcriotion, defcribed in the farop 
letter, could be given by no one tUt. 

TMn Urbav, March 8. 

HS name of the lady, meotio'ned 
in the note, p. '99* >• CmtUrhf, 
not Elimmr^ Butter — When the Houfe 
of Lords in Ireland eflaUiihed her bro- 
ther's claim to tJie earldom of Ormond 
and Oflory, ij^s § Ibc then, ^nd not 
before then, aflumed the ftyle of Lad^ 
CdftmiMfi as did her mother, menti- 
oned in the Obituary, that of Countels 
of Ormond. 

The Charicable Loan, mentioned in 
the latter part of your corrclpondent 
P. M's letter, was originally inftituied 
by the celebrated Dr. Swi/t, deaa of 
St. Patrick's, who, out of his own pri« 
yate funds ufed to lend to poor tradeis 
in his neighbourhood fmall fumt, in- 
tereft-free, to be repaid by weekly pay- 
ment, ibmetimesof fix pence, fometimes 
of IS, according to the fum lent, which 
never exceeded five pounds.— After his 
death, the fcheme was adopted by a io- 
ciety of cbaritably-difpofed perlbns, aud 
(as ftated by your correfpoodcnt) ftiH 

&c. ^ 8. 



Mr. Urban, Marcb ii. 

MR. Macaulat, in hik •'Hiitory 
of Clay brook," co. Leic. has gi- 
ven an account of the family of Smith, 
enquired after, vol. LXili. p 1131. 

Mr. M. lays, "The hoults in which 
Roger Smith and his brother, the chief 
baroo, rclided at Frolelworth, itili re- 
main in their original ft4te, and are now 
occupied by farmers. The hoafe in 
which Roger lived, and viVv\ODk\\:^<cv^ 

195 Chief Bann StaiA.— Anecdotes ifCtL Walter SlingCby. [March, 

marks of great antiquity. The Lord 
Chief" Barou's houfc has nothing remark- 
able about it, except its pljin and hum- 
ble appearance, which would befptak 
it to have been always the refidcnce of 
a farmer. He was much attached to his 
native village, where, among many 
other arls of ch^irity and bencficen<e, 
lie fo'inded and endowed an hofpital for 
14 } (or widows of the communion of 
ihc Church of EnjiUnd. wlfo hate each 
^.12 per annum, and a fcparatc houi'c." 
By a codicil to his will, be gave the rcfi- 
duc of his perfonal property for the en- 
dowment; the value oT which imovy fo 
much improved, that Nfr. M. fays it is 
]ir>ped the allowance will be increafed. 
Four of the houfes were built by Dr. 
Wiglcy and Tho. Boorhby cfq. the 
chief baron's executors, and the re- 
maining ten by Mr. Boothby in 1761. 
On the u.ill of one of the houfes arc 
theli: lii.cs [from Pope's Man of Rofs] : 

Who built this aUii(boufc, but void 

of (but, 
WiiLic A-c and Want fit fmiiing at the 

Mr. Macauliy proceeds with a full 
account of the foundation. 

Mr*. Horlman, of Batht who is in 
rofitinon of the eflate which formerly 
bclont/Ld to the Smiths at Fiolefwortb, 
|>rtrcr.:s to iheie houfes. She is Taid to 
derive the eftatc from her fifter, who 
narried a dcfcendaot of Roger Smith 
cfq. above-mentioned. 

In D'-atlon's Political Index, it ap- 
pears thai John Smith ^{(\. was appoint- 
ed a b;4ron of the Exchequer in ^ng* 
Innd, iSjune, 1701; and that John 
Srn'ul) eiq. was appointed a baron, 14 
l>£t. 1714; and was fucceeded by lir 
James Montagu, the t6ih of the fame 
month : probably this was the} gentle- 
man in queilion, and that he v^as then 
appointed chief baron in Scotland, 
Yours, &c. Q;^ X. 

Mr. Urban, March 13. 

IK you receive no completer anfuer 
to an intcrefting query in p. 19; you 
may in.'orm Mr. Green, that, in Decem- 
ber 1647, fFa/ter Slingsbj was favoured 
by the p<triiamcntary commilfioners for 
compounding deitnfiufnty (the phrafe 
they chci'e to u(e tor InyMty io the kiog) 
with ihe following indulgence: 

*• AccorJinj; to an onHnaMce of parlia- 
ment, of th2 T ,th of ihi*; inftar.t December^ 
ne Jo hert,*)/ ^ivelkvncc to vVaJicr ^infjl- 

fyj to caoUjwo wiUiia tlK dues of LoxuWa 

and Wcftroinftcr, or clfewhcrc within the 
late lines of communication, or within 10 
miles diftant from the faid lines, to attend 
his compofition, fo that he profecnte the 
fame without delay on hts pait. 

John AivXy Robirt Jiviceki &c *•** 

What was the rcfult of this perm if* 
(inn we do not learn; bur, as his name 
dbes not appear in the Journals of the 
Parliament among thofe who paid a 
compofiiioD, Jt may be prefamed that 
hl» high fpirit, impatient of reftraint, 
difdamcd to accept the proffered mercy; 
for, in Odober 1649, wc Bnd him, in 
the capacity of a lieutenant-cotonel, in 
the Well of Eoglaod, with fir John B«rk« 
ley, foliciting the king's friends to rife 
in arms ; where being accidentally dif- 
covered by a peafant, be was apprehen- 
ded by the committee of the county, 
and fent prifoner, fir A to Truro, after- 
waids to Pcndeonis Caflle, and in tbp 
month following removcd,by order of tho 
Council of State, to Exeter, for having 
levied arms agaihft the ParlianrK-nt f . 

July 9, 1650, an a£t palfed, for the 
trial of Col. Slingiby, with fir John 
Stowell and four other perfons, before 
the High Court of Juftice conftituted 
by authority of parliament, of which 
Richard KtbU was the uteGdent. The 
event. of this trial, fo far as relates to 
Col. Slingiby, it not recorded ; but, as 
it it evident chat he obtained his liberty, 
it may be prefumcd that be was permit- 
ted to compound for his. delinquency ; 
as was certainly the cafe of fir John 
Stowell, which i& fully ftated in the 
Journals of the Houfc of Commons, 
under the hands of l^eble and zo of his 
brethren, dated April ai, 1651. Col. 
Slingiby continued fome years longer in 
coDtiaement; but lived, as appears p. 29, 
to contribute his alfillancc in eflfcAiog 
the Reftor<itiun of his Royal MaiUr. 

Yours, 5yC. BlOGRAPHICUS. 


Mr. Urban, LichfitldCl^ft^ March 1 9. 
N anfvver to Mifs Seward's Letter iii * 

your Magazine for December lall, 
Mr. Bofwell the enfuing month iiifcrts 
one from Mr. He^or, which contains 
an ablolutCy though doubtlcls an invo- 
luDUry mif-Aattment. 

potior John fun, who died in 17S4, 
was born Sept. 7, 1709. Mr. He6tor 
dates, that his fit 11 copy ot the Myrtle 
Veii'es, which he believes the original 
one, IS dated 1-73 1, nndfprobabiy^thmugh 
ior^crfujncfs, Jcclaics that Dr. juhiiton 

^ iViS. m iSMi. Mul. HuL. XXiV. L. 67. 

\ V/UiUoc**;^ MctuQcials, pp. 414. 431. 

IH4-) ZV. Johiifim*s LitOr m bis M9thir\ D#^&.— Bofwell. 197 

bad ao Bcquaiotance with ant of the t^^^^ to be alerter to the author, it waa 

PoTUr family till two years afterward*, written by Joholba tilairelf, on occafio« 

wham iatroducMl by Itfr. Heaor. This ^ ^* m$tber't death." That evenc 

mnft have been in 17339 and ia Dr. hai^cned in the begtnoingr of the year 

Johafim's asd year. i 759» •>n1 thii auiaber of the Idler waa 

Lucy Poittr« filer to Mr. Porter or pubti&ed on the aych of Januarv UL 

BirmiBghaaiy waa the fecond wife af that year. The Eflay it highW Taloa* 

. mr grandfather Hnnter, Dr. Jchnfon'a He for ftnfible, natural, and ioaraaiva, 

fehool-nailcr. They were married in' reflcAionit but «loci aot appear to coin* 

the ' year I7a6 at Chelfea. This faft,^ ci^^ DcrfeAly with Dr. Taylor's de* 

both as to' dme and place, is attefted by fcriptkia of a letter, mkUb •xpoftdgmf 

lay ' mother, the daughter of that mar* ^' ^ A^V <^ ^M utm t hi hml $9er nmi* 
riift. aowrefident here, aged 65. ^'* Faulkner feams aot to have been 

To tbe heale and ubie of hit intclli- ^^re of the pubticaiion of this letter^ 
mcaad worthy Mafier, young Jobnfon ^ ^^1* ^^^ ^^^ <b>riy years ago s and^ 
Cad aver Cwiiliar accefs, and was, con- though the d^u and fuperferipiioa, pre*> 
ftqneatly, well knowa to Mrs. Hunter, fi>«d to bh r«^, ate made to accord 
% dmigbtir of tb€ Porterst dumg t\io(t ^«b the on^y particulars hitherto 
ieven. %ears which preceded the time known to the publick of the original 
from which Mr. Hedor dates Dr. John- l^^'cr, written immediately after the 
ion'^fajl )inowlcdge of tiie Porter fa- dtceafe of Johnfoo's wife, it is probabib 
nily. DurinfT tbofe preceding feycn *bis gentleman has been deceived by 
years, Mrs. Hunter's niece, Lucy For- ft>me oerfon, whofe mind ii depraved 
ter, vifited her aunt at Lichfield, and enough td be gratifted by attempts to 
became the objeft of Dr. Jobnfon'^s impufeandmiflead. fi. B.S. 
fchool-boy lovej and according rohcr ■' 
own, and the late Mis. Seward's Hate. Mr. Ukban, Usrcb lu 
nent (who was Mr. Hunter's daughfer A CORRESPONDENT, p. 110, hat 
by his /r^ wife), received from Dr. **• ««de a fioleni, and as he ihioksk 
Johnfon ^Ue elegant Verfes on the Myr- triumphant attack upon Mr. Bofwell, 
tie, which he afterwards gave to Mr. ^ account of an erroneout pafldge in 
Heaor*, without thinking it material to ^bc Additions to his life ol Dr. Johnfoa, * 
avow their pre- exigence. This lady '^bat part of ahcin on which he haii faft« 
was Tour yeais younger than Dr. John- cntdhisclaws, jt 5|»pear$, was printed off 
fon, whoafterwards married her mother, aftcnht woikiil'cll\vHsfiniflied,and thc*c 
the widow of Mr. Porter of Birming, is thcicfore no ivrnder ih;it lucli a typo- 
ham, Mrs. Hunter's brother. graphical en or as the diphthong ,i beirfg 
Youri, he, U. White., lubllitured fur ^, fo as to form fu7f«^;^f 
— — inftead of C^upoj^otf ibould have efcaped 

Y Mr. Urban, Mareb xo. him. yourcoirclpondeni l^ys hei6<*///Vf 

OUR VVorccacr correlpondent, no pirufidiUc Addiiioni, which is indeed 

, doubt, meant to enrich your JVIif- evident { for, had he looked at ilicm 

cellany by the communication of the ler- ^^ i^jfure anc with aueniion, he wou:4 

ter faid to be wriiien by tiie iate Dr. Sa- have iben thai hib abuiivecxprtlfionk Uo 

rouel Johnfon «a tbi deatb €^ bis 'wife, not apply to Mr. Bolwcll; the partagc 

inferted in your laft Magazine, and he j,, qucllion not being related by hiw. 

Will have credit for hii good intentions but Jurniftcd by a learned and refpedt- 

wiih the greater part of your readers ; able gentleman from whom he received 

but, I am afraid, Mr. Bof»veli will have various Johnlonian communication*, 

iiilt to lament the want of that Iciter, But, fuppofmg Mr. Bofwell had been 

addrcfled to Doftor Taylor, which he the rcUior, tlicic wak no occafioo for 

ailudrs to in the Life of Johnfon: it is fuch a ihaplody of hard word*, if//- 

ccrtain, Mr. B. had not occafion for a quancio dormitat Homtrus. And if Ho- 

▼cry laborious fearch after that tranf. ,j,cr himfelf i..mciime» nods, may not a 

mittcd byyourcorrefpondenti for, it is very good fchoUr tall into a miftake when 

so more than a copy of what may be quoting Homer? The luiliakc iii tins 

found in the forty-fiift number of the cafe is a very li.npleonc,to wit, afcribiog 

IDLER (pubhlhed nearly Icven years to I^/eaj^Ja linctiuly uttcicdby GV^tf^aj. 

■ after the death of the Doctor's wife), Xiic noble and well-known fcntiment 

of which fir John Hawkins, in bis Lilc j^ -q be found in ihc S\iivV\ Vio^Nf. ^>\ vV«. 

of Johnfon, atferts : " Though it i^rt- jiiad, whctc Dvomtd a.tvCL 0\^>it>\% V^st 

* Sewp* j4s Mvi r, ao inici view i ajud ^ VBkM\}x<lS y;\xt.\o^^v^ vi^ 

19? Bofwcll v/W/Vj//^.— Dolctus. — Drummond. — Vanfit/art. [Mar^ 

feeling is difp?ayed by thofc contending Your Old Correfpondent, io p. ipj, 
bcroei. Esf^Iy thtn might recolleflioD might have referred the Editor of *' Bio- 
miftnke the one for the other; and this prraphia Bricannica" to Dr, Anderfun's 
having once happened, every ihiug of- Literary Weekly Intelligence, intituled, 
tcntatiouflv pointed out by yourcorre- •* The Bee;** in the ninth volome of 
fpondent followed of courfe. Ifj in quot- which, for May/i6, 1792, p. 41 — 51, 
log the Britifli Parliamcnrary Debates* occur Lord Buchan's truly onemal and 
twelve Or fourteen years ago, one flioutd ingenious " Reniirks on the Chara£^er 
afcribc to Mr. Fcur what was (aid by Mr, and Writings of William Drummond 
Bmrkit and, in relating it, Ihould talk of Hawthornden }** whofe life was not 
•f the perfon quoted ai a native of Ire- admitted in the firfk edition of the Bio- 
land, and an exemplary huA>and| would graphia. 

it not be abfurd in a man, who (bould In juftice to Mr. Bofwell, fo <' ha- 

dcte^ rhe miftike, to dtmonflratt under f^ily" animadverted upon in p. 120, 111, 

iranous beatis^^t your correfpondent has vou muft permit me to rennark, that ia 

Puritanicaly done, firft, that Mr. Fox his oSifUO edition of the life of Dr* 

was born m EngUnd, ind^/tcoMtiiy, fit i^cr Johnfon, vol. I, p. ♦ r, he has properly 

Yfit married. The miftake is a flik^ht omitted the firli letter in the Greejc 

one, and m^y eafily be corrc£ted. The word, which, merely for an trrcr of the 

ernmeous quotation of Dr. Ciarke is prels in the additions to the quart9p 

what (>f(cn happens when quoting from has excited the heavy indignation of 

mimory^ uhich If0/iv#/^ makes it a rule Ai<rxf »co 9'fai/rov. This increpid Gre« 

not t» ^0. Before I part wirh this cor- cian might, from the 783d verfe of the 

Vtfpondent of yours, who has put him- eleventh Iliad, have alTertcd that ** the 

felf in a ftrange pallion about a ttifle, advice" was given by Peleus to his foa 

and betrays the caufi of it, on which I Achilles, as* well as by Hippolochut to 

fh-^W not touch; give me leave to tell his Ton Glaucusin verfe 208 of the fixth 

fciin, that no fulky pedant (hail fucceed Iliad. After all, the miftake is rot 

in ill- naturediy attempting to depreciate Mr. Bofwell's, but thit of his corre- 

Mr. B >fweil'& Magnum Opus, the fpondent, who fcnt him the ** Additi- 

Lifc of Johnson, becaufe the world ondl Communications/' or perhaps of 

lia«, by the moR flattering approbation, Johnion himfelf in the rapidity of con- 

cfubliihcd its value :*noc oniy as an in* verfation : an innocent miflake furely, 

ftfu^hve ^nif entertaining record of the by no means deferviog the pert difcrip« 

Villi and \%irdom of that wonderful man, tion of a ** ridiculous (pecimen of igno* 

but at txhibiting a view of literature ranee and ablurdity." iV/ /us MiMirm 

and I'terary naen in ihis country, for vam. 

neatly hfty ye iis of the prclent century. The anfwer to Jafper Wilfon, refer* 

fo that his readers in all parts of the red to in p. 151, col. 1, not^, was wrir- 

globt may enjoy, in ■ confidcrable de • ten by Nicholas Van fittart, Riq, ilvc 

grtt, the «4C(juaintance and converfatioo nephew of George V. Efq. •* M. P. for' 

of a grtwt nri.tnv of the moll ctlcbrated Bsrkdiue,*' to *uibom it is erroneoully 

chira61crs of the age. G» S. afcribed in p. 1 16 of your laft volume. 

' . ■ . ■ ^ Perhaps your ntw corrrfpondcnt, in 

Mr. Urban, March ii, p. 160, may receive fatisfafiion with 

THR ingcoiouk trandiior of •* Do- rcfpeft to his third query, if he will 
Ictiii* O -c," in p. 6S of your fc- recur to J. Johnfon's Preface to •• Holy 
Ic61 poetr^ for Januat>, will, it m hoptd, Divid and h«s old Kngli(h Tranllatort 
fat is y no l.Unicbfc curi-fuy by menri* cleared: Lontjuu, 1706:*' o£lavo$ and 
onin^ upon wnai authority he dcfcribcs to W. NIcholU *• To the Reader" be- 
lt as adtJr<fl»d ** to Viii* '* In a fmall fore his •» Paraphrafe on the Pfalms." 
oau'.,*, v% thoui date of year 01 place, p. 1^3, col i, I 47, read "volumes." 
in'uultfl, *' Sirphan Dtlen Orationes i« 4, 2, iO| *♦ 169S. 


dua; «n rnclotHm, ^Ejuk'ein ILpirrola- 17^, 7, 1, " Vol. LXI. 

ru»»» liiT- II Kju'dcm Carp. ilium libriii. i^Tt I, 131 ** Walker." 

AcuTi-'ii Kjiftoiarum aniicoium li- An extraordinary ioflance of roifin* 

btr." V cl.i'i .. .inc dcc« not occur be* formation occurs in p. 30 ol the above- 

for ^.iis O K J he d.le iiiie cf which mentioned volume of ♦• The Bee j*' ii^* 

ii *• Dc S j; .." Tt\:s volume \% piin- which the following lines are •• fa«d to 

ted in the L.^hc type, and t\ \ the autp- 'be written by the unroitu.utf G. Bar- 

f'r^'^h of '» SiephAi^w Tutc- lin^ton ;*' wUeieas *• our great modevii 

Jcnfwntche bvttom of ihe-iiil^-page. Poci Mt.lU^Xt^i* V^Vqni^\ intimately 

lf^3 i^^^^h J^^r. ChryLC-^Ajticdctis ^fllr. Gibboo, lit. S19 

■cqniitH with tfct real avtbor, air<ertt Pope when the Jefuict were fent From 

\m p>'6i9 of the third foiamt of " Bio- thence \ he h^d lived with the Ure Duke 

gUHphia Britaoaica/* that thtr were of Norfolk at his Palace laor oear Nur* 

MmpoM bf the Rer. Mi> William wich. He refiderl there at the timr rh« 

Clwfct. theCbaKellor of the Church Dr. Ha.ter wai Bifliop, andDr.Tay^ 

«l CliicbeAef { whole learoed aod ela- ' lor, Difleotin;; Mioiiter, aod author of 

Itonw "^ConMBioo of the Roman, the Hebrew Lexicon and Coacordaace^ 

SaBM« aad Eagliik Coins," wat pub* iijred inhere, f hey were well acquaint. 

Hihad, in 1767; i» which Mr Bow|er cd, and met a^ chc Bifliop's Pal «icc Tome « 

•ddeda Poftfcripty-in 1772. Mr. £Uj* times once a week. He ufed to come 

ley if of opinion, and b» opinion car* throof^h Oafoid unce every year to Lord 

ties weight with it, that *' perhaps there 9h<cw(bury's, and generally Aopped « 

•re fsw better Epicriilt in oor ia«* day or two to vifit Bp. Lowrh, Mr. 

. foageaV (See vol. LI V. p. 439) Sandford, Di.Keonicou, Dr.'Beojamift 

«tObteinktliewiidiA«staiAkiMinfcribed Wheeler, Bp. Cony beare, ^tc 

en iheVanIt bekoghig to the Dolus of . Thele geotlemen did not ferupleto 

.RisbmondiiithaCadiedrslofChicheftart pronounce Dr. Butler as unequi^lled ie 

Did Iw, who thus infcribM tlie waU, general learning. His Lives of the kt^ 

Net nad, or not believe St. Paul, tbers, martyrs, aod other principal 

Who i^rstbvTe is, where'er it ftamis, (aims, was fird printed 10410, 1745, 

Anechef huuk not made with hands ? .under the titlle of Mriiamiiui S^nSu : a 

Or, may we gather from tbefe words, iccond eduion was printed at Dublin, 

That houfe is not a hoofe of Loril*?" ,780, In is vols. «vo. as was alio his 

The candid and liberal Editor of ** Mo'eable Feafts." He mua have 

«■ The Befe" will not be difpitared wiih been 85 or 86 when he died. 
this attempt to render Jus /uum cuiqme. Yoi^rs, &c D. P. 

Scrutator. -' ■ 

' ■ Mr. Uriah, Bim'che. 

' Mr. Urbaii» Oxf§rdf F§b. 4. IN your laa month's Obituary an er- 

IN yonr Obituary, p. 94. you pre- J- ror occurs reUtitc to the lamiiy of 

fently fend Mr. Gibbon to Laufannc. the late roatclflerf navigator CooK» ie 

Aslom wellaoquainted witbooeof his mentioning that two of his daugtttcra 

IchooUfellows at Kingfton, and wis were married, &c. Ca'pt. C. had bjt 

snyielf his bookfeller in Oxford, you one daughter, who died in the fifth year 

may depend on the information I give of her age, as appears from rhc bejl in- 

you. He was a moft unheiUhy weakly formation in ICippis*s Life of Capt. Cou^ 

child when at fcbool at KingAon. I am and the Biogr^phia Briiaunica. 
leady to admit, and thick it is likeiy," . Youis, t!^:*. J. K. 

he moved thence to Weilminder; bjt _— -.— . 

can be.cercain.he was adimtced a Fillow Mr. Urban, March 7. 

Commoner at Magdalen College, Oa- JN reading TilTotfftn'* Sermons, 1 aiet 

furd, in or about 1 146 or 1747. 1 knew *Jwiih the pairi5C(Scrflr..LL) 
\k\m perfonally. He was a lingular cha- •« 1 do not mein that cliiUlrcn rtuwiia be 

ra6ier, and b^t little connected with the hiou^ht up accuuliug to the wins of a i^f« 

young gentlemen of hi& college. They fian Uiet, wincli fut^ an equil ilait 10 ,M ito. 

ndmJt at M gdalen Cotirae only men machs } .anU i*^as (ciifdeL a ciun?, as a t..«v 

of fortune : no Commoner;*. One un- wodv! ba which im-ulJ injoin ilui ihocs fijr 

.common book for a voung man Tre- -H mapkiiid ihauiatjc nwuc upu;; 0.1c £ad 

member felling to hm^i.e Bibllotbequi ^^'« <^^ *»^^-". 

QruHtmii dHtibtlot^ whicli he fecnis If any of your forrefpondents can in- 

much to have ufed ^m auihonties ior form me to' a hat he aliudes Dy Itffiatg 

his EaOcrn Roman Hillory, Do not diet, they will much oblige J. VV. 
|#t us lofe one Oxfoid man in the - ,■■ , 

Theatre of the World, though wc never Mr. Urran. March 20. 

had fuch pleury as at prelcni in both /^ONSlDEillNG the railcelliirjcoua 

Houfes ailo at Canterbury, York, Dui- V^ naruic \>\ your uleful and enter* 

Lam, Winchellcr, &c. taming puhliciiion, \oU\vili not rrquite 

It you have, or can help me to any any apoio^y for my tr'^ubling you vvicH 

account, any Rnecdotes» or dates of fome veiy milccl an*(ni$ nb(crv4tioii«, 

Alban Butler, D. I). 1 (hjll be obliged Ui I, I iruit, giounded on t.\\t. ** WKw *A 

10 you. He died at St. Oiutrs aoout candour Ar.d \>oV\UfieU.'* 
ceA years ngoi he was appoioted fihti" P. 149. An. \^. TVx* \\\V o.\ vVn 

-rysa/ cr held of chit icaJemy by the bv»<^k. htie ruNvewt*; \,\ *' \-\\icx ^<>t^%% 

S ^< 

^o6 Bacon*s ** Liber Regis.** — Mr. Bone!. — Baron Clinton. [Mar.' 

ipcl ThefauruJ rcrum eccieriaHicarum.' 
Three lines below the title, for 1776, 
read 17S6. Col. %. line 6. 1 apprtlicnd 
thacy>. i. nufjht to be f riniLd p- j» a» 
meaning fWnojure, and that it lias been 
continued in tnr old way in difTerent 
republiciiiioRir, till the o.iginal defign 
and inunt oT it uas forgotten and no 
longer underftr^od. Will the rcfpcfkable 
Editor permit me 10 mention two more 
Jiulc circumftanccs, which 1 prcfume 
he Will think it proper to attend to in 
c.ifc of a nt>v edition being called for 
by the publick ? In p. 571;, under tht 
aiticle « Sr. James, Wcfiminder," I 
believe it will be found, upon inquiryy 
that the third turn ii co the heirs of 
Thomas, Lord Jermyn, nut of Bidiop 
Compton. 1 alio difcoTcrcd, by acci- 
cidenty that the livHig of '* Enfield/' 

here given of MrJ Bond Hopkin&'s rela- 
tions : ii was, I apprehend, his grand- 
father Henjamtn Bond, Turkey mer- 
chant, who died ihircy years ago: i&f had 
iRue three (uns and two daughters (fee 
|>.a7 5 ) The" brother James" here men- 
tioned, 1 conceive to have been brother 
to ihe firfi -mentioned Benjamin Bond, 
not the father, but the grnndfather, of 
the laie Mr. Bond Hopkins, who, as is 
faid, could never perfuade the family of 
Dare to join with him in cutting off the 
cauil of all the Hopkins' eftatesi in con- 
fcquence of which one of them i^ faid now 
tocoroeintothepoflcnionofabnut 1500^ 
a year. As you have recorded Mr. B. 
Hi's nominaiioQ to be member for the 
county of Surrey, you bad better alio re- 
cord it, that he nnce thought fit to offer 
himfelf to reprefcnt the city of Oxford, 

which (lands in p. 577, iti proper place, where he i-brained, if my memory ferve 

in the body of the buoiiy is totally omit- ine« about feven votes! ! ! 

ted in the Index. P. 1S5. col. i. Bcfidcs the wife of Dr. 

P. 151. ait. iS. col. I. for Sir Natba" Harwood. Dr. Samljcl Chandler hid two 

«///, read Sir Najb Grofc. other daughters ; of whom one was m ir- 

P. 155, col. I, in Mifs Moore's pinm -licd to one Thomas Mitchell, a t-ivlor 

and pathetic epitaph on Mrs. Stonhiiul'e, in Buckleribury ; and the other ci ltd 

line 2, for •* droops," ought we not to 
rc^d " drops ?*» 

P. 174, col. 2. for " Monday, Feb. 
10/' read " Feb. 3 j" fee the Obituary 
of date. 

r. 1S3. col. a. Your correfpondent 
B. S. (vol. LVIII. pp. 573, 574.) fa- 
vcuiid the publick thrnukih your meant, 
With :i nutre circutniliiitidl account of 
flieilvpnfition of f^mlturg tJopkini^'s great 
cftiite ill, in It ^ra> in itiy i^Mwtr t«> do. 
Yuu kcm rathcrconfuft<! m the account 

unmarried. Whether t'jc Do6tor had 
any other daughters I know not; but 
think I have heard that he had alio two 

fODS. , 

Will any of your correfpondents, Mr. 
Urban, who are better infuimedy fupply 
the deBcienc'es, or correA the eirors, in 
the following deduction of the fuccelliun 
of the anticnt baronits of Clinton and 
S^y to the rt.rpe£table perfon to whom 
I undrritdud the Houlc of Peers has 
lately decreed them? 

THEoruiLVSy 4ih Eailof Lincoln^ n.;ron Clinton and Sav, i6|S to 1667. 
. , L _, 

Filw. L'nl Clin- Marg. B.iron-.f-— j-Husli B.ifcawcn, Lady ArabeiI.i=T=Roben Rolle, Efij. 
ton, t)b. V. 1*. CliiU -naiulSa). Li''[ u.icleto the Clinton. | 


Eilw. ;:tli F.nrI of Lincoln, 5cc. 
oH. S. I*. Nov. 1^192. 


ilt Vifc. 


+ Samuel Jindgct=7=Fr. Ti"efufis, of Trc- 
Rolle,F.rq. RoUe j furis:nCornwa)!,ek]. 
r , J 

BiijI^er, liaroi ci\— j-^Huj;h Mai2.B.ironeli.=pKobert, F.ob.Cotton=T~non,AnncSt. Jolm, 
Ciii.UM. .uiv! Say. Fortcf- Clinti*n iiiKt S;<y idKarlof Tiiifulia, dan. of John Lord Sc 

cujliftj. ob.i3,).iij.i7ii 


Oi'foro* Lsj. 

John of Bletfo. 


Huj^li f\)i ti f.u-.;, 1)11 -j-J lar-arct, Raro- Gcnrgc, 3d Em 1 Rubo: i Georr.c Wil— A Swifi 

C l'\ .' i»-iaChiUt uard ufOr}oril,i5:»r;?ii \\.:m 1 ivf-.j-Ji, K 4. Lady. 

P.11 (II i- '.riMt .1^ :.nd S.iv,,-l. 14 C Union imt) S-y, L-. id CI i.Luii and b.i/. 

liail ( 1'..! 'II, oL CCL-I. MaiJi 170.. 
2 Mny 175 1. 

^CC. o'>. CCL-l. 5 

Leo. 1791. 

I c nfcis my ignoranrt, and fliould 

be ^;l..d TO be infi.<rmcd, tlirou^-h vo-ir 

iMc:uu, whicii of the two pcrfons ihus -j- 

m^irktd (lied iirrt ; <^r, in o:hir uoids, 

xvh'.tl er rhe counrt!-, r.f Orfnrd iis' c^cJ- 

cJLci /atlieror Ud) Cl.iuou iti l£i« hi- 

roriies. The new Ptcivige fays that (he 
lucccL-dcJ ** her f.r.her j" but, as we 
nevLT heard (>f Mr. Rolle's claiiniPif 
them, I think it ni'iy f.ijiiy he (uppoi'ed 
ibat lit died in tbw hie tim^' ot lidy 

ft// 6. Itisrripfim J'rpm DIBGATE H'lrsE . KEXT. 

1 794»*] LIfmDre G2,%.--Cjrz\^;^j/rffw ]\Iaic!f?onc.--5/r X. Caron ? 201 

Mr. Ur^an, /rf'a*>J, 7-". I. 

IINCLOSK t'"n vitvxs. trf! tn t.orn 
rJif c^ftlc r.f Lt'ni'te, in r'^i- county 
f»f WaterforM. Sli.uld voii thi"!-: r'-.cni 
x^crhv c*" a'!tTiir*nf» ini»» vt.m M.iii- 
zine, thev «<re licarviy .-.: v-'h fi jvicc. 

/»/4fff/. /'c 1- i> <■•■'<■' -I-.c Rid.njr- 
houlr, an^l •> tlr en: .in,-: m«i' a l-'H;' 
aveniitr, on cnch 'ulc of 'vls-ch ilscrc is 
a hiyh It'-nr w.ill, .in! whuh leads to 
y."^. 2, rhe enti inrr into th*.- git-T l«|ii«rc 
of ilic caJtir. Thii ?aft ^:ch or gate- 
way is rhotiflit ttr he 6ne!» ;iiin(.d. 

I »m irff imcH that ihi: Uifi-nj^-honfc 
ti*as ft* calit. i fron[) u» l;c':n{> c<i 'finally 
built for tvio hiirCmicn, who mounted 

u h' 

l!ir WO'-i'cP or nvT'-' nf tllC C"'- 


h" A.t! i'-.i."'. ;• C.)".'rirLy 
I'fcit tn !>, is til. «.fll,'-ts»j-" -. t.-itir, pr '- 
hni>!y di.'ijnfd f.?r J.-hn \V— rrn,' r:i.; 
irft R'-I:cr cf ti..^c, and ')-.e ot 
liic prima?.c*s exicnr, ■<. " S. I). 

Mr. I'rr.Av, //.:.vd' t. 

AS till- hrJjT'vr, cor.t t>r m .1. j'-iint- 
Ict, at.r! 'iv-rs, of Sir N'<! Ciroa 
were p'.iccd ir. :I.l ch.irce! i-; i/.iir.i^^.rU 
church, \i rr..iy \^c nniu.t?.- ! fi>:ir he 
WAi ir'crtV'.' in full pc'"jp. Is h^s fu- 
ftcral icrc..dcd in the JlenilJ. Cfiic.. > 
In the Environs of f.<oi!d.>n ic i"; men- 
tioned, rh It Archbifnop Abbnt preichtd 

guard. There :: re lliil tw) places vifi* upon th; < cc;iAf*n. \Vii^ thiV fermoa 
b!e under the aichway tor their re- ever printed ? I wilh it mny bs ; there 
ception. being fo liide known of a ninn, \v!io. 

Very p'ob^bly u-'m csrious and noble *• • - . -- . . 

caftle hi" alre<idv' ^H.»ided ro«»*wtcr for «n 
CPfrJvir j in your cicj»*Ri AU^'azine ; 
but, as the p^ns 1 iinvc taktn iiii^hc 
p^'Hiblv he cdctnicd or Ufs c-'ofcquencc 
thAn .it''Pi5, tiitv Art- kls liktiv to 
have been objcMs for the o^n'.il. 

In my ?cc«»i:r.: of l;unl..vcrick Ctfilc, 
-pabiifhcd LXH. p. 977, I. 44, r. " the 
Al^S^ittelcKJi and p. 9zb, 1. 1. t. *' Bta- 
29re'tead,** l\l a r I A. 

after btin* an amh»fr.'.dor from a fo- 
reign lUie, was, as it wcrr. n.^'jrali/td 
in this country, and n Lining !>■ ncftc- 
tor to the parifh in which he it'-.kd in 
a hit'h nv!c of fiving. 

IP I am not miiurforme'!, ilie f !th<:r 
of rhe htc ?,Tr. An^cl, of Sic:kwtl|, 
w;.* hijh.(her:ff of Berks. I fjn)u'd he 
gl.u! to know in what year he fetved 
liie office. W. and D. 

Mr. Urban, Fib. 3. 

THE drawings tr.infmitted of an ef- 
figies and nn nrmori.d fliicld (pL 
l».fj^- It 4)1 xverc nriadc by Mr. Jtircrvs 
of Mtuilhincr, fioni f:-*rvini^'> \:\ wood 
under ihc Iciii <if ilse ;UII& in the chin- 
cel of rhat ch:'.rch ; a' •.! il'.ultriiiciis of 
rheai ijy fnmc or yii'ir c'.:i<.'p..:uli;riis 
arr dcr.r'.d. I' :!■<; ir^plrmtnr in the 
rifcihtlrrd of il-c r;:''ur-iMOtffc;iiL' f;« 
guie c«n he .- i'.cii.tincil, ic iTi.iV Itjtd to 
luriiiih-- u!ut vv.i\ rhe fccujrtion or 
ch nailer of t::'j ririon icprcu-nrcd. 
The co-t f'f ;i*ms ilifi^TS no oihowifc 
frt.m ih"{e inMiiT hv Archbilhcip C.uirt- 
ncv th;tn in tltc difpliv of ihiec nii:rcs 
hciuccn the i-.l'"!'. ; ,:iiil ihi'.Itis vv;: hnut 
till*; '"diS'tMn arr r.'» b<; I'".mi r.ider oilier-i 
of th^ fi. .ts, ;!r..i in tl::i\.ien: p.trls Oi 
ific clunch. A i'.cnriri'i..ii jj.-.; fu, •'cficd 
to 1: c, I'lii rijL i..irje:. niay ii.*\'- a :cic- 
rct (c to ihc rlii'.c /-fi tif Mrn:fi.'rd, 
Lon.! n, .•'.\'\ (J ir!?'':i)u: v, f.ifci iiivc'v 
P'. Jl li-.d !>■• Cou!t!i..v. Aic thric ;-ny 
inlb'r.t", I'.' ' j..ic!n'».-, nilamin.-: :he 
likv.- .ul-'.:!in ;<• tlif! -ii.. , jfii'ei.i»Ic 

.f ■■ • ^. U •' K \'\. »vhich 
U ■ I.-, t'le {i .r ot l!in 

Mr Urdan, 

Fih jR. 

AMONG the many unpic :{;pg cir- 
cumf^ances which happen so this 
life, I fliinl: the want of gru.iiudv the 
wot ft, aiiij ha'dly to be fcraivcn. I 
am ied into thffr i<flrxior.s from a cir- 
cumliance tlut h.tppc.-it-d in :;;e Koiife 
of Comm(»ns iifi fcji". ^n, v.hcn a ui.riiiv 


member rofc, and verv rr'*"^"r*v 
csimiiit-ndLd to 1 j ':,i.d.cA 
in S:. J'huI's to 11. e r'-.ts'.^ii.'*; « *' t.lie I.-.te 
Lo'ds Ro:!ii;v tpJ Hi- *r'"'-. 'd : in 
which I h'-.c evirv ]'.: I;'..! .:i wisl 
rtulilv coMui.'c. li.-.t It .' \^>- i; . c^^-\t 
concern to find th'it t;o ::«;•»■>'.•.• in ci- 
thci Hou'c Ihouhi h:'.vi: rrtp.-'^td ih: 
f.ime !.nn --ur to th- !.«!« LurJ H'l'.vkc, 
whr-le l"»;:v:ros r» i:ir cv^uniiy, 7 » well 
as his j'li^ '.'^' cl'iir.fliT, l;:-.v.- ».or: ly 
an ttjuii (i .im \v:r;i the bif 'rcTT'.vntivJn 
td nol)le'rLM. I ■■«•/£, vivfM 
ihi.'U.llU* iijl :i:l'. :^^c '\.)V.f J': 
ihtt u IS Trno'vtoo l.i., a^, \ 
vi.Tct' r'i..f nr ! r.- r v i '. 

TVtA:\ y I 'I h Til J i .■ ::ts .'I 
•vli'i tl'. nk .4 I <'»•:. .1j»", 

. >■ f 

U J-".", 

» . 

1* I'A UK ..'.s. ■\ x-.' 

»!< •■ ::i ri tn" c 

■• • ■ 1 . 1 ■ * 

I »1 



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•hi- { 

I > 



I i' 

in ■..-.■ V. I 
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202 Mr. Ruffcl's Orcdentials h the Emperor of Morocco. [Mar, 

Lord Hawkc was buried, by his own 
dcfirc, at a fma'l village (Swatheling, in 
Hampfhire) where his lady, for whom 
he had a mod (incere tttachment, aifo 
lies, and where he refided for fomc 
time, it being within a ibort diftance of 

1 beg you will infert what I hare faid 
in your excellent publication as foon as 
may be convenient, as it is fcnt you by 
cue who was an cye-witnefs to miny 
inftances of his Lord'fliip's gallantry and 
good condu5^. An OLD Seaman. 

Mr. Urban, Baib, Mareb 3. 

I TRANSMIT to you the tranfcript 
fronn a duplicate of Mr. Kuflel'ii cre- 
dentials to thu £mperor of Morocco, 
dated from Hampton-Court in 1728. 
The original is very fairly written on 
vellum, and elegantly illuminated ; the 
words in a larger hand are writti n in 
goTd ; the decorations ot the crown 
and cypher Cfig> 5) are exaftly imita- 
ted J and thecondufiou, '* Your Impe- 
rial Majefty's moA affef^ionate friend, 
George R." cncirtly of rhat king 
(George the Second's) own hand -wri- 
ting, and in a very neat hand. In the 
year 1729 was pubiifiied, by fubfcrip- 
tion, a well-written H Oory of the Re- 
volutions in the Empire of Morocco 
upon t^e Death of the late Emperor 
Muley lihmael, being a moil exad 
Journal of what happeaed in thofe Piirts 
in the lal>, and P^rt of the prcfcnt, 
Year { with Obfcrvaiions, natural, mo- 
ral, and pol.tical, relating to that Coun- 
try and People. Written by Captain 
Braithwaite, who accompanied Johi^ 
Ruifel, Efq. his Majefly's Confui Ge- 
neral, and %vas an Eye-ivitnels 10 the 
mod remarkable Occurrences therein 
mentioned { with a new Map of the 
Country, engraven by Mr. Senex. Lon- 
don, printed for James and John Knap- 
ton, Arthur Bettefworih, Francis Fay. 
ram, John Ofborn, Thomas Longman, 
and Charles Riviagton," 17^9 1 to 
which your readers may be referred, as 
coDuining very curious circumftances 
of information, and to which the lift of 
fttbfcribers dees infinite honour to Capt. 
Braithwaite's memory. 

Yours, &c. J. Elderton. 

** George the Second, by the Grace of God 
King of Great Bi icuin, France, and Ire- 
land, Defender of the Faith, &c to the 
High and Glorious Monarch, the Mighty 
and Hight Noble Prtiice Muley Abdelmu- 
JecJj Ben AJhumazer Muley Ifmael Ben 
Mu/ey S/icrUfy Bca Maky Aly, Hmperor 

of the Kingdom of Fez, Morocco, Taffi- 
lette, Suae, ana all the Alg.ube and its 
Territories in Africa, greeting. 

" High and Glorious Monarch, 

" Being iuformcil diat the Divirc Provi- 
dence had catleU your Impenrd MajcHy to 
the throne of your ancellors : We immedi- 
ately refolved to acquaint ) oli with the great 
f^tisfa^tion with which we lieord that a 
prince, fo rtnowncd f«>r bis eminent and 
royal vittues, was advanced to iKat high 
dignity, and to feud you our mod hearty 
congratulations thereupon, and oar bcft 
wiihes for your long hfc, anU for the hap- 
pinefs of your reign. We take this oopor- 
tuniry to affure you of our intention to main- 
ta'uk and cuUi.fate the an'ient fiiendihip and 
good underfl'nding betv^'cen our rcfpe^ive 
kingdoms ; for wtiich purpofe. We are de- 
firous to confirm and renew with your Im- 
perial Majeliy the peace long fmce efta- 
blifhed by our rcfpedtivc predcaflbt^ Wo 
have made choice of our tmfty and well- 
beloved fubjedt and ferv;«nr, John RufTel, 
efq. of whofe fidelity and cipacity we are 
well nlVured, to repair to yuur imperial pa- 
lace upon this occnfion; uliom we hopa 
you will receive f.ivour.{bIy, giving entire 
credence to he flinH repreient to you 
in our name, or on the l-ehalf of any of our 
fubjedts, in order to explniii and re£li^ any 
miftakes or miireprtfe .tat ions concerning 
th« feizuie of any of their Ihips or elfcils, 
according as the cafe Ihall lequire. And, a^ 
we have commanded him to renew the 
treaty of peace and amity fuhfifting between 
our refpef^ive crowns, you may depend up- 
on our performance of what he (hall ftipu- 
late on our p.m. We fend by him a prefenC 
of clot!) and other things, of the growth and 
mantifaAure of our country, of which we 
pray your acceptance as a fmall token of our 
af?edtion and ellecm. We wifli your Impe- 
rial Majefty all health and profperity, and 
recommend you to the proteaion of Al- 
mighty God, Given at our royal palace at 
Hampton-Cour, .the feventeenth day of 
Augufl, 1728, m the fecund year of (4ir 
reign. Vour Imperial Majcfty's moil af- 
fectionate friend, Georoe R. 
" Holies, Newcaftle." 

Superfcribcd, under a flying feal, to 

" The High and Glorious Monarch, the 
Mighty and Right Noble Prince, AbMelmu- 
lech Ben Album:i2er Muley ffmael B.h 
Muley Shcriffc B-;n Mule/ Aly, Emperor 
of the Kingi'om of Fez, Morocco, Taflilcttc, 
Snze, aiid all the Algai be and its territories 
in Africa." 

Mr. Urban, F/l, 23. 

OCRUTATOR, vrl. LXIII. 1164. 
^ is not the only furpnltd peitcn at 
th^ unaccoupuble oegle^l with whicli 
the taucuoi-^ ot the ute Sir Eyre Coote 

1 794. ] Inter iftiHg Biographical Aneciotei of Sir Eyre Coote. 203 

ii rrctuil, while fome, perhaps of left thence the i8rh; and. in latitude S5* 
not«, and far left merit, have occupied North, the We(l India fleet and convoy 
whole pRj^ei of fulfome paneg^rick. bore away to the Weftward. We now 

The life aod a£lioniof a ft'ldier, fuch p oceedcd on our voyage atone, aad 

» Sir £)re Coote, wruld far exceed the anchored in Table- bay, at the Cape of 

iimits a Maf^aainc can allow ; I llialj, .Good Hope, the 8th of September. On 

therefore, treat of fuch circumftancct idndiog^ Sir £yre \va« faluted by the 

only from the time my knowledge of foit with 17 guns; which number was 

him cfymmeDcc!! to the time I left him returned from the (hip. Here Sir £yrc 

m India. Other information msy be and fuite were accommodsited in 3 re- 

coUadcd from the records of ihofe fpeAable Dutch family, the houfe be- 

tioiesy in which he appears with dillin* int^ l^^'ge and commoilinu];. Once or 

guiflied tuflrc, in bis campaigns in In- twice he took the divcrfion of quaiJ- 

dia with Hyder Ally, &c. to wh^^m, it (hoorinp, but conHantly ibcwcd great 

it well knowOp the name of Eyrl anxiety to purfue hia voyage with as 

Coote was — terror. l>tHe dcUy as pfilliblf.. On .the hrft of 

In the bej^inniog of the year 177S1 0^t«>btr we departed from C tpe Good 

jaft before the war with France ccmii- Hope, ihe foil fainting, and the (hips 

inenced, an event then forcfeen cnuld reiurnincr, as at our anival. On lea- 

not be ^r diflant, it was determined to ving Table-baVf we joined company 

attack the Fiench fcttkments in India with thu Afia of 64 guns, and two In- 

without delay. Inteliii!cnce having diamen under convoy: with thefc we 

been received of the death of General doubled the Cape, and fleered for In- 

Claverine in Bengal, Sir Eyre Co^-te dia. November the 20th, we /til. in 

was fixed upon as a proper officer to with a Dutch (hip from B^tavia, where* 

take the command of the army in In- by Sir Eyre receiwed the uoexpL^lcd in« 

dia, as, from his pift fervices and telligence of hoflilitits betng alieidy 

knowledge in that quaiter cf the globe, commenced on the cualt of Corumandel 

greatexpedations were formed ; which, and in Bengal. It now ap^ieared, that 

ID the ilTue, were amply anfwcred. an exprefs hy lawd had been difpatched 

This appointment, perhaps, was un- from England, and which hftd made a 

folicitcd as well as unhoped for by an far fpeedier paflagc than we had done 

officer, who, during the laft war, had by Tea. This may be accounted for, in 

acquired fufficient iaureh, and polTcflcd fomc meafure, by the rcianiation we 

a fufficient fortune to retire in peace in futTered while we kept co«np.«ny with 

the decime of life, and wiien fubjei'^ to the Weft Indii fleet in the outfet of the 

a diforder (St. Anthony's fire), which, voyage; and a!fo, ufttrwards, by a 

in the Torrid Zone, muft render exift- flrong Wefterly current in the .£thio- 

encc almoft infupp<>rtahle. pic ocean, which fct us near the coaft 

All this was net fufficient to deprefs of Brazil ; which, with feveral other 

that true ardour of a foldier Sir Eyre hindrances, might make our arrival in 

Coote pofTeiTed in {0 eminent a degree. India a month later, at Icaft, than we 

Called upon by his king, and poiTeffing fliould otherwife have been. On re- 

the entire coondence of his country, he ceiving the above information. Sir Eyre 

embarked — never to return !— at Portf- Hxed on going diie£ily to Fort St. 

mouth, the latter end of May, I778» George. We now parted company 

accompanied by his amiable lady and w:th the Afia and Indiamen, they being 

fuite, on-board the Staftord Indiaman, bound to Bombay, and arrived in Aladras 

commanded by the brother of his hdy roads the 2S:h of December. Here wc 

(Captain Hutchiofon), and Ton of a hcaid of the capture and de{lru6lion of 

late governor of the ifland St. Helcn;i. all the French forts in India by General 

This was the laft Indiaman which Sir He£tor Munro, except Fort Mahc 

failed from England th^^t fpring, and 00 the Malabar coaft, but whicliawdt 

was detained for the important fervicc aUo taken and deflroyed in a few days. 

of conveying S»r ILyre to India, in ordtr It is cafier to conceive than txprcfs what 

to commence lioliiliti<iS a^;<iii)it the niuft have been the feehn^;^ ^r Sii Eyie 

French (ettiements irnmediaiely on his Coote at this juncture; to find the war, 

arrival. The Statfoid proceidcd from as it were, at an end, or at leart lul- 

Spithcad, in company wiih a large Well- pendcd : he, however, hnd yet another 

India fleer, under convoy of two fliips obje6\ Ic-^t, notwiihO iiulin^ tiic Fv:cv\^\x 

of the line; ^invcd at the Aladeiras wcte effc^usi\\>j ^u\)v\vxt^. V\\% Ov^ ^w- 

the^eb of June foJiowijjg, and dtpnitd ta^oum, H^Acv M\^> Vqc^w ^; \\\ttv 

ao4 Sir Eyre CooU.—lnfcnpt'tGnfrem Dibgatc Houfe, Kent. [Mar. 

opportunity of appearint; again in the the parifli of Cheriton, about one mile - 
firM, attended with his ufual fuccefs, from Hythe, in Kent. It is in one line, 
and eondudinghi&manceuvres with that cut very deep in the wood, wh ch it 
peculiar military knowledge in which chefnut, and the letters are dimiuiflied 
he flood unexcelled. The confcquenccs" in height as in the ent^ravin^, which is 
of his fervices in India are, and will be one*third of their original fize. The 
Jong, experienced. Sir Eyre refided at infcription extends from one end of the 
Mad- as in a commodious manfion in manteUtree to the centre, and the ether 
the fort towards the South gate^ and, parts aie much ornamented with carved 
on the 13th of March, 1779, he re-cm- woiic. It appears to be very aniicnt« 
barked on-board the Stafford for Fort even more fo than the houfe, which, 
William in Bengal. On his arrival on perhaps, equals in a^e any other of our 
b 'ard the tliip, a bougie pendant with houfes built of timber, 
the Union was hnilled at the main-top- The houfe ivas originally moated 
gaiUnt maft-he^d. Sir Eyre being now round ; at prefent it occupied by a far- 
a rocmberof the fupreme council in In- mer, and is the pr-perty of a Mri. 
dia, and commander in chief of the land Owen, of Rye, in S jflcx. Q;i. If ever 
forces. March 23, we anchored in the reiidence of the Scottons, yaloignSt 
Kedgeree road, when the Company's or Fog§>s, who were poJeiTed of the 
yacht arrived from Calcutta, and cou- manor? 

veyed Sir Eyre, his lady, and Aiite, to I (hall not venture any coDJe^uret 
that pi.icc.. refpectincr the infcription bur the fol- 

li^vitig now landed Sir Eyre at Cal- lowing (which to the Literati is.unne- 
cutra, I attcr wards faw him but fnldom, ccifary), that the H^ is evidently an ia- 
thcrcfore can 1 elate cothing particular terpotaiion. 

farther concerning him : for, although The above are all the particulars 
I had the honour of a place at his tablr which I am able to communicate of the 
during t\)c voyage, I know not, at lead houfe or in(crtpiion, as no mention is 
do not remember* any particular anec- made of th«^m by Haded, or anv oiher 
dotes occurring. His principal reit- Kentjfli hiftorian. Z. C, 

deuce in Bengal was Ghyretty- houfe, s -^' 

very large manfion on the bank of the M r. Urba'n, Fib, 15, 

Ganges, a few miles South from Chan- HP HE difpufition, which now feems 
■ denagore; here the morning and even- X generally to prevail, toward culti- 
ing gun \v;'s fired. 1 left Uingal (half vaiinga good underdandingand friend- 
alrji) in December, 17799 at which Iv iniercourfe between the EngiiAi and 
time a£^ive meafures wcretakm^ againft Gallican churches, with a view to tffc€t 
Ilydcr Ally, the confequences of which a reconciliation between thofe venerab-e 
are on public record, as likcwife Sir bodies, mull give inhnice picafure to all 
Eyre's deceafe, the conveying his corpfc .true ChrKiians who underAand the n*- 
home to England, and its inttrmeot at ture and couftitution of the Holy Ca* 
Rockburn, in HimpHiiit, near his tholic Church, and have its welfare 
country-feat. On she motion of Lord (incerely at heart. We mud leave it to 
Muncaficr, Sir Eyre was voted the the wifdom of bur fuperiori in both 
thanks of the Houfe of Commons ; an communions to confider what meifures 
honour nevermore juftly conferred than .are proper to be adopted in this momcn- 
on one of the braveft generals this iftand tons concern* but furely no good maa 
has produced, howfoevcr he may rank can forbear to take a lively aud anxious 
in edcem among the Biographers of the intered in the event of their negotia- 
prefent day. Should the few obferva- tioos, ihould any fuch be fct on foot, 
tions 1 k ave recolle£ted, after a lapfepf In the mean time, let me humbly re- ' 
fourteen yeais, prove fatisfa£tory in the commend to the candid and moderate 
le.Jt to Scrutator, he is welcome to on either fide, but cfpecially to thofe ©f 
thtm; and 1 wilh I cuuld remember the Rumifh perfuafion (they wul pjrdoa 
more. Your*, &c. J. KenN. me for not applying the term Cdtholic 

— — ixclufivtly to tbtm), the perufal of 

Mr. Urban, Ftb. $, ** Leflic's C.fe dated hcuvten the 

TIJE mlcription fplati L fg- 6), Churches of Rome and Eng!,»nd/* his 
which IS fiibmitted for the eluci- .** True Notion of the Catholic Church,** 
diii-^n of your Icamed coriclpondcnts, in anfwer to the Bifliop ot Meaux's 
/> copied from the mantel-tiee in the letter to B.lh )p Bull, and bik **Cafe of 
P^rioui uf ao lioaCc cailtd Dibdatt, iu the l^c^a\t diid YovAxUtdV^V y^mvcw- 

^794-] Union flf Churches, — Neath Jbhey. — Lowth. — Frcnd. 205 

liirfy the torclur'-ng put of tii.> I.t1>. 
THere are, I a-n well . \v?tc, m mv 
other learntf' work^ equ.iMy in point 
with thofe which 1 hav*r inriiMoncd. It 
is not my intention 10 enumernrc thfrm, 
or to i)retenH to determine 'vhich arc the 
mofl valuible ani) irppDrtHnt : it would 
nor indeed be decent in :i:i obi'cure indi- 
vidual 0) to do: for, quis me conflvuit 
juiicemf But I th' uj;hi vi n'ij»hi not be 
drcmed impertinrnt or alfuminp to call 
into novice ihe prrduftiont of thi* emi- 
nent Divires fts they arc, perhaps, left 
read and attended to in the piefent avc 
than thev leaily deferve lube. H. IrX 

M - Trpan. Ftb. 4. 

HAVING btcn much plcWcd with 
the curious account of Ntath ab- 
bey, I have 'ent vou a drawing* of that 
venerable ru<n, taken on the iVot (plali 
Ih fi^, 0; which, [think, uill eluci- 
date the defcription Disegnatore. 

Mr. Urban, Tfh, 8. 

YOUR coricfpondcnt Acadtmirus, 
p. if93» ftrjtvern in his vjual 
firain, as if he fdncied alt merit centeied 
^vi•hin the walls of hit o^vn college, and 
the writings of a biflinp too facred for 
any one of their iiefctis to be pointed 
out. even by thofe who are on the wh^'le 
thciradiiiirers. Another and yet fln>ngcr 
fyiT'proms of Acadcmicu^'s identity is, 
\%\% fixll repitfcniing it us a natter of 
cnptcc|uence to ilie rciidtrr whether a 
r.?me.efs aMa^onid ever be!<ini;ed to 
his univtifiiy. An t.bfcure, 
who loiicits no dc^iree, who bfars no 
Jitfrary dillin^tiun whatever, is not one 
whit better for having acquired his firft 
rudiments cf giammar, \x\i *« bos, fur, 
fus, arque ficerdos,*' on the banks of 
Ifis, or the worlc for hiVing been tra'r- 
ed tip, like hontfl Ruddiman, in the 
chanty>rchool of fome neit:hbouring 
village. He indeed dots n>t too m\ich 
honour by hit long-cont;nucd li.lic tude 
en that ht-d; in return for which, I 
would ob.'civcto him, ti:3t if Eurya.LS 
had ftaid to ei.quire miniitcly into the 
):arcnta^c and education ot F.idu^, He- 
bcfus, and the icll of the i^nibie crowd 
v^'hu fell btneatii fiis fworJ, he could 
r.evtr hs^t niride To much havock as he 
did in the Rutilian cainp. 

(in lookin*; b*tk to \\\\ax I have Oiid 
cf Dr. Lowth, in Hdmiitir.p, h'S Icarninj^;, 
}'cn.u<i, integrity, and m^niy condu«hl, 
tlirou^fi life, but Hating, at the iiine 
i.iiic, tither from rtttrctice or^.ory, 
/omc yaUagCi on wlnut Mr, 'l\;up hj-- 

pt'TS to have founded his imputitions 
of ]v;u!ance and want of taite, I cannot 
chart-.e myftlf with having, in the 
frral! tit degree, deviated from rhe im> 
p-rtialitv of a fworn juryman : if wrong 
in mv tftiipate of his poetical talents, it 
certainly is net in under- rating them« 
As a poet, none of the clencaT p-oftf- 
fion in this ifland, except' Mr. Mafon, 
appear to me to have gone beyond him 
at any period; though Atterbury, the 
Dcmollhenes of the Brit^ih pu'pity has 
nlib entered the lifts as a t ran (lator from 
Horace. Dr. Lowth's Ode on the lafl 
Rebellion was accordingly fpoken of by 
me as executed '* aimift throughout 
with the freedom and animation of Dry- 
den." Mr, Duncombe, indeed, weyt 

After ronfulting my Pole and Pa- 
trick, according to the hint obligingly 
given, in p. 1186, by the more intelli- 
gent and temperate D. H, I am fatisBed 
he is light in fpeaking of *< Moab U 
my wafh-pot" as the language of Da- 
vid, toot that of the Supreme Being : 
but this Academicus faw not. The rec- 
tifying this error of mine tnkes ofF much 
from the force of the ccnfuie { but, as 
the Jewifli king tbtri Iblcmnly repre- 
fentfi himfelf as uttering the dilates 06 
immediate di«ine infpiration, the quo- 
ting him with fuch levity ihews (to ufe 
the foften txpiefTion poHible) a great 
want of accurate dikernment ; in almolt 
any other man, I ftiould have cilled it 
highly irreverent. Refer to the pillage 
at preient I cannot, not having the pam- 
phlets; but, if its ex iiience be y>rio^^ 
quejiiontd, I pledge myfelf to find it our, 
if wh.^t Dr. Lewth wrote in that contro- 
verfy be left at your Printer's for n»y in- 
fpe£iion : to the belt of my remembrance 
it f'ccurs in a very early part of tht letter. 
Nothing can be more unlike the above 
than the vtrfc about H.iz^el, Jehu, and 
K'ifh4, quoted from my Poftfcript as a 
iirpilar inltance; the alluHon being not 
only of a grave, but even of a melan- 
choly, caft, glancing in the full place ax. 
the Pilnirz league of coniinenral de- 
fpots, to^ttiier with all iuch wars as 
oiii>inatc in Qijixutifm, and whufe fole 
fcalible objcft is the extermination of 
millions accompanied with muiudl luin ( 
and, (ccondly, at confpjracies of tnqui- 
froiiii iritlicc. Haviiig read mnny iri- 
jils, J can fee no more in the put of 
Mr. Frtiid'b defence to vc\>i^Vvv,AN^'c\ 

ao6 Akenfidc. — R. afwi Z, Grey.— Arundel Church, Suflcx. [Mar. 

the mnft eminent charafter?, its pnrrort 
being mcrtly this : ** Prove moie cleaiiy 
tlk^t I Am the author before you call 
upon mc to dcund the publicatidu." 
Under all governments, thr common 
law aifi(;nt fpeciBc puniihmeiitt to fpe- 
cific offcuccs. Let the veriti£l of a 
court, in tbeji*fl infiance^ be (ucb at it 
can juHify. But all fuch hypocritical 
aff«£^arion of lenity at the fentenciog a 
man ro rteanf^ and tht% punilhiiig hii^ 
hecaufi he will not ftoop to iuch humi- 
Jiations as degrade human- nature, fmelU 
iirongly of brimftone and the faggot; it 
anfwcrs every idea of an inquifition, no 
matter whether under ProceAant or Po- 
plfl) aufpices, \ 

The attacks on Dr. Ake«(idc*s cha- 
l^6lcr and writings, vol. LXIII. p. 0S5, 
and p. 12 of your prefent volume, tho' 
dated from Oxford, that fcene of god- 
Iiucfs and candour, mud appear frivo- 
lous till the writer make good the threats 
of what he will 017/ day produce. In 
his n^tement of what palled between the 
prefent Sir James Stonehoufe and Dr. 
jlkenfide, we difcoi'er nothing but what 
refleQs the bigheft credit on both. 
Though their gains mult in fome mca- 
fure interfere, a plurality of gcatKrmen 
engaged in the various liberal profef- 
Aons, clergymen who are candidates 
for le£lurcfliips, and lawyers, live toge- 
ther in a focial friendly manner in 
Northampton, and almo!l every other 
counry-town throuKhout the kingdom 1 
and the m.:n who talked of a crmpeii- 
tor's *' ufurping hii cinulumcnts*' %vould 
be held in the utmoft contempt. From 
ai that has hitherto been brought for- 
ward, we may fafely infer, that Dr. A- 
ktu Tide's good name will have as little 
to fear from the malice, as his celebra- 
ted pciem, ** The Pleafurcs of the Ima- 
gination." from the fanatical rant, of 
Iuch an •* hJagaUr." 

P. 6S, col. z, V. 7, for "fong" read 

«* vtrlt." 

P. 1177- Dr. Richard Grey, arch- 
dejcLii (.f U-wdfcrd, lived at Uinton j 
Di. Zaehsrj Grty edited liudibras. 

Yours, &:c. L. L. 

^ Ir. U R B 4 N , Grange, Ftk, 1 7. 
|:)OGiiR MONTGOMERY, firft 
XV of Arundel, h'<Viog founded 

t'lC inrn ilniy f>f Seer, in Normandy, 

fn(M! vii'Li tiiC Con^uclt, h*:, or one i»f 

his fiT.s, \i luj'piifeJ to h4V^ j»r«nted as 

.7 rc/y r«» tint hnalc ibc|Mr<it:Jiu! church 

nt ^c. Nich-!ik:, ia Arunrtil, in whah 

J^e j\'accd a ju ioi dnd four juoiiks jf lUu 

order of St. Bcn'^ds£^. By a datelefi 
ct7arrer, ilie r.^lYcfs and nun% of Ccfter- 
hunt, in Hf^'ts, granted, to this priory, 
landj called Durrinouikes, vith us de- 
pendences i which Gerva^ t!.e prior, 
and iiis monk«, after«vard« vi-.inted to 
John Bis, of Chichefler, anc his fuc- 
cciror> for ever* During the wars with 
Frnnif, this priory, as an alien, paid 
Ed'.vard HI. tv^enty marks yearly. £d« 
ward the B!ack Prince purcbaCed the 
advowfon o^ the priory, wh:ch devolved 
by; hereditary riubc to Richard U. The 
latter end or the reign of Kdward 111. 
Richcird, Ear! of Arundel, obtained thp 
king's license to found a chantry in 
in the chapel of his caflle in Arundel ^ 
for iix prielti and three chonflers; but, 
dying before bis defign was executed, 
the third year of Richard II. his Ton 
Rich/trd, earl of Arundel, to fulfil his 
father's will, obtained of the king, with 
the confent of the Abbc»t of Setc, th^t 
the priory of S^ Nicholas fliould be 
diifolved, he and his fuccelfurt paying 
10 the king twenty pounds fer mtmum 
for the advowfon purchafed by his fa* 
ther, the Black Prince, and that the 
cburch Oiould be made collegiate ; that 
all the lands, tithes, and other eftates, 
belonging to the late priory, fliould be 
fettled on the new foundation, which 
conlifted of a matter and twalve fectitar 
canons, priefts, with three deacons, three 
fub-de.icons, two acolites, feven cho- 
riflers, two facrifts, and other officeri, 
to be a perpetual college in honour of 
the BleUed Trinity. They were to 
pray for the founders of the original 
priory, the fouls of his father and mo. 
ther, his own, his wife's, and all Chrif- 
tiin fouls. They pofTeiTcd one hundred 
acres of arable land, Ax acres of mea- 
doit, twelve acres of wood, and fifteen 
(hillings yearly in the prccin£ts of A* 
ruitdi-1 i Co acres of land (called Rof. 
feielaud) in Billinghurfii 39 acres of 
land in Ulackhurflj the maoortof Yap- 
ton. Bury, and Wedbourn j the manor 
and 'advowfon of Hayling iiland| 4!, 
los. a year in Rogate; 161. a year in 
Cocking i 40s. a year in Chicheller, 
with oUicr icnts; the fmall tithes of 
PrcAon, Goring, Herting, Bourn, and 
■ Sicrington ; and the .idvowfon of the 
churches of Yapton, Rovfion, Billing- 
huri>, Kerrcford, and Cocking, with 
t!ic djr.aiive of Hampton, &c. At the 
Dinfulutiou, the revenues of the church 
wire 167!. OS. yd ciarg, and i(ti\. 14s. 
<)d. m loto. \\. w'd^ CMvt«ud«,(cd Decem- 
ber 11, lb Vl^ii^ ^ \ VVV. \ «L\\^ %\AVk\t^^ 

//>,.3 p. -ie; 


I794-] CharaStr of Mr. Pitt. — ThU of Vifcount Montagu. lo^ 

the zith of the fAme monih, t>^ HenrVf 
cart of Arundel, the pation. Th-; ct/l- 
leec ^>!S fee 11 red bv a wall and ditch. 
The dirch on the N»jrrh fide is fiiii tc- 
miiniDgi aod nne of ihe ^ates wa^ dc- 
fcrihfd in ▼ol. LXIII. p. -^^6. 

The church (pUia //■ fig- i) flindi 
on the brink of a high hi I, Wet) of the 
c;)ftley and it a large ftAtc'y flrudarc in 
form of a croft, wiih a nnve and two 
fide-ailef , with a tower in the centre. 
In the choir, which it appropriated to 

I nioiild not think there is any nrcr fllff 
for altering the original word ^pHSi'^; 
for, it is ufcd in fpeaking of the animal 
creation, Pf. civ. 26, in ihe fqme (cnfc 
as it is here in Job, and tr^infl.iied To ia 
bo'h places by the LXX and Ttemel- 
lius. J. M. 

Ma. Urban, Fth, ^5. 

DOUBTS having been fuggefled, in 
your utcful and entertaining mifcel- 
lany, by fever^l writert, whether the late 
the Pita Alans and Howards, earls of unfortunate Lord Vifcount Montagu 

Arundel, arc /evcral monuments of the 
earls, f^me of confidcrable antiquity. 
The North windows of the choir a:c 
L\cg:int (fif 09i 9f tbim fy 7). On the 
S'juth fide are ruins of the college, part 
of which, with an anticnt ftone pfirrh, 
ii fccn in the (ketch. The living r. a 
vicsragc, valued in the King's books it 
c!. OS. lod. fir annum I rhc prcftni in* 
c-jmbent the R»v. — — Groom. 

Thiv fketch is taken from the S. W. 

M • . U R R A N , C',ivbit, Fth. I o. 

I THINK wirh rcfpeft to I'.c latc dc- 
bitet concerning tlic prif-it war 
againft our cnem;e«, Mr. Pit* ;■ ^y (:>/ 
in the words of DemoAhcncs lor the 
Crown, fcftions 57, ati4 100: 

AXX* m; tfx aS'avTa crx I7n» «»'j «»- 

^itizfjuf. •» •>; « K \otKOit rn- Tr»>.(«. a^ix 

pci en^or, KCet TCi v.rift ifxlr,/^-^^ fJi.» . . • • 
To ya^ 'l^r^'/l? If}'-.- o;.^-.if ta» rr,f 
o-Jov T«5 «70A»»fta.; «/ovii;*, Tan Tiy *,*, ts*? 

di^x7ivnv, Tai/la; av^n», HaiaTt-wi ei/oti. 

'' Bui (hew me what it is that I liid nut 
p-iif;jc with ail iniie;»ii'.ity, a vi^i! nice, and 
3!i uiJef.ilir,.'ble adtivi:/, fu,i';ii.;r to n>y 
f*reri2tli; (hew nvi, tUat I il.w i'de j-iv.ciifc 
all tljc iji.ttdicnts which human pnulcrcs 
could cm|l«»y ; liiat I di.i i-oi tiit;r uj' m 
mcilures honuu:a*i'.', 1 Ci'?Il"..i ■. , :-u\ v.- II 
TiiiiriS the digm:y <»t ^^'-li'-;.-:; .1:1', alLcr tl.'-, 

gjve a fiill fcope to yovu" ;uc ifitio!."* 

Kur, from the vciy li» .1, 1 cli«il; t\\r rtr.iiijliC 
Tint! upriglit wav (»f a-'ni:! illcrin^, :!»■: U*:-, 
tf> maintatii an*l pif»rr»>;«:, hy iiiv f-.t v:(.c", 
lliC honours, iiik p<.^vi^r -, il-.c rcput.Mi-)!', ot" 
piy c:)'i:.'i7, r.j :■■' mcnl rK-ro, .mi-I «'.cvoic 
r> -. if't wiin'ly f(.i :.'.• , .'a i:,", tliofj c.v.'^." 
K.:i: p, voh II. p. 2.1 Zt *ii.*l i'tiJl ih 

V'.uis, c^ii. J. Mn. hS. 

p. S. In tiic ivv ' n '.!ic 'v«»:iiw, "'.il 
t';c beaiiiof ih^ ti-.;-? i/ =n , " \\ 14. tu". 1. 


had any relations in the male line to 
fucceed to hit title ; permit me to inform 
your readers, that, if Mr. Archdall't 
edition of Ledge's Irilh Peerage may 
be depended on, an heir may be cafily 
found. Under the title of '* Browne, 
£ul of Altamont," Mr. Archdall de- 
duces the famiif ** from Richard, 
younger fon of Antony, fir ft vi(coui.c 
Montagu," whofc graudfun, fir Jolui 
Browni!:, of the NeaU iu co. ^layo, bi- 
ronet of Scotland, fo created June 1636, 
had three funs, fir George, anccrror i-f 
the pici'cnt fir J 'hn Bsowne, of the 
iCeaiC} baronet; J.ihn, ancelu»r of the 
earl of Altamont, and D-jminic, o( 
BreiiBeld. If this :iccou:ir, thuicforc, 
be a true one, and theie be no piK^r 
diimar.r, the faid Sir John Broivnv, 
who wah in iv^^lo crtaicd b.irou Ki!- 
oiaine of the Ncalcs, inuft unoucibon- 
ab'y be vifcount Montagu : ai li-i lirr.c 
tmic, I I'rctly ovvn, rli i n»y Kni;' di 
Pi:'?;.v^»e min:i.>ni no oili.r ("on> of iLj 
ti l\,nu!ir M«ujtj^u, than An:«'n*-', 
Gcor^'C, Thonns, ilcnry, and Kii-ci-. 
If any of )our re<idci5 with to It c a 
print of t'lc piMurc of our .->jvioui, 
iiicnriont-(l in your iaU Su|.[)!ei:icnt, p. 
1177, as lent trom thcCirjml S ^n ir t^ 
Pope Innocm' V ill, they niny hnd mm 
the beginning of the Antiquaii^n Kc- 
periory. Vol, IV. 

1 am forry to Itc your corrcfpondcnt 
Inta, p. 6. of ilic Kill M4.'. inilu!»»in£^ 
h:s wit at the cx|'Ciicc 0/ \)i. b iiuncli's 
Oii'civ.itions. I h:ivc no perf:mHl i.novv- 
lc'!^.e of the Dv»5.lur ; but, as a plain, 
WLii- meaning Cluillian, who w.'uld 
ni*lcil^ ;'rud(;c no ti cubic, :t< far i^ r.iy 
little abilities and crud.iion w.^iild c-na* 
bio iiiL-, to render every part oi tl.c Sa- 
cred S-cipturcs i':fe!li7,iblc 10 th*: im..<n- 
c{\ an J mod unlearned, and i) it.i'.'c our 
L.'w'iiii Tfrti il.iti (I ;il» •■*e :...- t^iil 1 e 
!'»• .■■ r!ii'!i Iw:.i .u J an.l i/. n cnl-ri- 



;«.r eve, 

t i J ,t » . V. > , \N i . » 0. vj •. ' W W i*. \ A V\' '•'^^ 

20S Curhus Marine Produ^loft, — B/>, Tcrricic on Good Friday. [Mar, 

promote ihofe ends, a'though his Ian- Mr. Urban, Manb ^, i794* 

guaee be not fo elegant as Ihighi be TN your IVJ,4^.izine oi Dtremlitr laft, 

wiflied. ■■• you j»ive us a Icrttr of rhc Uie amiable 

1 prefume, it it fcarccly ncctflary to and rcfjv.6>^bic bifliop Tcinck, written 

remind your corrcfpondcnt, p. 17, ^^Jjo fo long ajjo i«s ihf year 1757, v hen he 

TOLntions the Chapel at Hounfl.^w, that was rrtn»inated m rhe Itc of Pctcibo- 

ihe firfl coat of arms he ineniions is the rough. What .ul ihc irmiivcs i.f its be- 

coat of Wind/or. ing ftnt to you to publifh, 1 c<iiinoi pre- 

I do not know, whether it may be a ,tend to f^y, as the contents leem, at 

mean of leading your namtUfs cone- this diffancc of liiric, to be very lirtlc 

fpondenty p. 20. to the acquifition of intere(l;ns> to the publick, except that 

any information, to inform him, chat a they afford a proof of that eafy polite - 

family of ^miih bears Argent, fw nefs, and miidntfri of m^nneis, for 

chevrons Sable, on each three Aeurs de which he w\% difiiuguiihed. His Lord- 

Jis, Or; on a chief A^ure, a li(»n paf- (Iiip defcrvrs 10 he handed down to 

fanr, Of} on his (boulder, a lozenge, pontrity, in his cpifropa! function, by 

Gulei. more impfirtHnt coniidcratinns ; and, 

Were the Ajlvffts^ mentioned in p. ihetcfore, I;c the liberty of becming 
40, Benjamin AylofFr, Jofeph Aylofft:, the fnvgur of you 10 ir.fcrt in your Ma- 
Sir Jofeph AylofTe, Baronet, and Jo- gazine of this monih a circular Itttt-r, 
feph Ayloffe, each the father of his which that good prelate, when bifiiop 
next fucceiTor* ? It may have been fo of Lundont fcnt to the clergy undei Ins 
by the dares. juridii^tion in Lnndon and Wcllmiufter, 

In the note, for LXI, read LT. n lew daykhef.>rc his death, which hi^p- 

In the note at the bottom of p. 62. pcntd on E;ii1er Monday, M^iith 31, 

col. I. for 174S, read 1758, Sep. 11. >7779 and which was juDIy lairentid, 

Youis, &e. K. both as a public and as a piivaic loiv. 

— — — This leircr, relative to iheicli^ous 

Mr. Urban, Darlington^ ¥eb. 8. obfcrvancc iif CwJ Friday^ I hope you 

HAVING lately met with acuiious wi|| think \\\\\i mr, does great hv>i)cur 

marine produ£lion, };rowing m a to the liifnoi/s memory i and, as m 

rock near the mouth of the ri«cr Tecs, was almofl :;..iricdiarely followed by his 

which is only bare at low-water j and denth, hib c.crgy mightconfidtr it ;•$ an 

not being able to meet with any fatis- dtfc^.tiona:e legacy, expiellive of his 

fa£lory account or hgure of it ; I take zealous rc|;:-iJ lor the eternal wclfaie of 

the liberty of inclofing a diriwing of it them, nr.d their flocks. 

(p'ati II. .fig. 4), in hopes that lomc of <» Goon Broi her, Mmch 17, 1779. 

your corrclpondents, who ai« more The htile attention, th^t luis hef;n given uf 

conveifant in Natural HiHory, will Lc Ir.te ye.irs to the diicobiervaiion <.f lUy, 

;ihle to alcertain its place in the Sjftfma on which wc are callcil upon, by anthorit). 

Nature, and to inform me, whether it lo c<>mniemu:-.Mc the furtcnnqs :.nd clt:ith of 

has been defcribed bv any author. «">" Saviour, is the occafion of great oitcncc 


each «u.^., w. n ,yi.u «4.i,.w«.u.«fi .^ ihattl,eicis.igcneialilc«yofihofcicliviov!S 

oval, about one inch in length and pnncirlts which once formed our naim:i.a 

ihrce-quarttrs of an inch in breadth ; cliarjdcr, l.ut which, 111 this age of liceiui- 

in the middle of each veficle is a kind oufncfsai-a piofligacy, Jiave coft, .n a great 

of partition cnmpofed of thin mem- dc£rte, t'lcir iijfl« Whether iliis is» 

branes, in which aie imbedded from owing 10 a realdifbclief of the fre^^t impor- 

three to live pale blue femipellucid t'>nt truths of ChhlUsniiy, trio a caiel'.-fs 

flielis, of one valve and three fpircs, indilTtrenLe to every thing fcrious, «rvciy 

about one quarter of an inch long. (See g'^^»^ »"•'" ^^^- ^he fatal cGufc« of this 

j]„ , y change in our manners, and c\ei y wife man, 


ra. -^ ■■".". . \~~tC It ' ^f^** encourairiiig, me uucoMer\'anceot a lo- 
tion, uhich contains the ihells. ,g„^ aniuverl.uv, fo erTcntially connecied 
\ ours, &c. P. H, ^.-,jh our i.'hr:lhr.n profciriun. Km it \-> 
~|| ~~ • principally tfiiii your cue, your aJmoniii- 
iij«/weie« £dit. q^^s^ aiid«x.»ii.i>lc, that wc e:ijpc6t .\ worn 


1*54.] Oiffervance of Good Friday.— Sliirland Church. 209 

fucccfsfisl application to the heart ami cnnfti- 
ences of the people comrtiined to yoor 
charge. I am well affurcJ that you will r.nt 
bcuaniinsin yoiir bcft emlcavours :01m- 
prefs uiHjn'vour cimgregalimi a feiious leiife 
or their Ju7 in the.r atten«!aiice i»p«»n il'C 
public worlhip of God on 6V,./ Fij^ltu ^'"^1 
in thsir devout behaviour fuited to the lo'emn 
occafuni. 1 remain yooif lovin* BroiJirr, 

Ric. London." 

I h;ive loBK been of opinioD, that 
fomething ought 10 be done, fiom high 
authoiitv. in every annual return of 
Palfion-Week, to recommend and to 
promote ihe more relic;iout ^bfervante 
of Good Friday. His M-jcay*s Procla- 
mation for a natiommi fyfl has lately been 
aireoded with defirable cfTe^s by the 
large congregation t that were affem- 
bled on the appointed day. And a p-ir* 
licuUr Form of Prayer was, ai u(ua!, 
ilrawn up for the fervice of that day. 
A Aandifig form it in our Prayer-books 
fcr the faft of Kinf? Charles's Martyr- 
dom. Bat, alas I Good Friday, which 
o'lghi to be more folemnly obfervtd 
than any other day of public farting and 
humiliation in the whole year, has no 
particular fervice in our Lit:iri»v, ex- 
crp( three Aort CoUc£ls, an Eptrtle and 
Gofpel, proper Pfalms, and proper Lef- 
Ions. Whatever the bench of BiftopSj 
who are generally at that fcalou aiitnd- 
irg Pirliamcnt, may think, I appie- 
btiid there is ton much rcalon to frir, 
;hai Good Friday is not lo well aitind- 
ed to in general, nor i» London and 
Wtftminftcr, as a natitrid Jnfi. P« 1 - 

li.ip. it would be, if pio^if* mtil|.id< 
\\f.\c jirevioufly adoj>ted. I lin'l t^kc 
iljc liberty of iiiennnninj; .\ ttw ihat 
iiive (ufjK^flcJ themUlvts u* luy o'.vn 
nnrd, n«*it doubtinj* but fh ii moje pro- 
jcr and tfleflual ii.ight be llruck our, 
jp ibis niJtier was once as lerioufly, and 
2s zealnully, taken up bs w dtlcrvc*. 
ift. An annual Proclamiiion, from his 
M.ij»^ftv, iu the week preceding Pal- 
fiun- Week. 
2d. A circular letter, fimihr to pood 
BilhopTciMck'b, from cvt:y btlh^p 
to hii rclpc£\ive cleryv, m be fad \i\ 
«\i:iy church on every Palm Sunday. 
3d. A Solemn and devout lorm of pray- 
er, to be compofed by the biihops, and 
particularly ad;ipted to the awcfiil 
event which ii commemorated on 
Good Friday. 

The publick have lone; bc?n incifhi' d 
•«» ihe picUnt worthy Oiccwllorot Uilhop 
TerMtk in the Ice ol London, for his 
Oest, Ma9. Marcbf 1794. 

ufcful and pious tra«S>, entiruled, " An 
** Exhofi.4tion to the rcli»»i"us Obfcr- 
" v.incc of G icd Friday." But fome- 
thing more is neceffary to be done, in 
order to rciloie, and to prefer ve in cvc- 
rv ycir, a fcrious rovertncc for that fa- 
cred dav. And, furtly, there never \^a» 
a period of more imporranfc ihm the 
prefcnt, for every perfon, of every de* 
grec,ioufc their uimoft exertions in the 
caufe of our mnfi half faitb, which it 
is our happinefs to profcfs, and our du- 
ty to hold fall in all pious and good 
uiirks, as becometh all fincere Chrifti- 
anfi, and all tiue mirifters, and men«- 
bcrs, of the Church of England. I am, 
Mr. tJrhan, your frequent corrclpondcnt, 

under different fignaiurcs, C. D. L. 

Mr. Urban, Manb t. 

THR pirifli-church of St. Leonard, 
Shiihnd, is a finall bur handrome 
building. Whtihcr the prefer t be tint 
of which Reginald dt Giey poirrlfcd 
the advowlon in the time ot Edward 
the Second, I cannot infor-n you; but 
it i< certainly of confidcrable an-.iquity. 
ShirUnd is a rrilnry i anti 'li^ late 
incumbent, who died at a vtrv advan- 
ced ige, wns the Rev. 'l'hon-^.i» Fidler. 
If you like Legendary ThUs, tiic Vul- 
gar will tell you a go.»d one. There is 
a licld, which I have bicn -n, ne^r the 
lown, called The Chanh fi Id. They 
f-iv the clinrch u\:s priiTn:i!y erc£^cd 
there ; but thjt in ore right it ^^a^ car- 
ried away, and lafcly placed in its prc- 
ftnt fituaTi'»n. 

Jn the ch.inccl src the remains of K 
fliamefullv niui'.Urd figure tn "imour. 
The Gotlur -tich under which it lies i* 
uncommon! V ilcjint, and ttCiTcittd 

with pinnatlcs. N«arit, in the v\all, is 
a ban-relitf 'jI four ti;;uits htlnrL- an ^l- 
larj but whether it h.-s ■nu- f.^crrrcc to 
the tomb i cannot d'-ciJt. 'V'ov.. ira- 
nnment is ancthor infuncc rif the abo- 
minable lictnct ptrir.'tn..t to clowns m 
f0ur>try churches. One wmjIJ alnn^ 
fiippffc ihtt iliii unforruniie k-iig!»t 
had betn nolUki n fcr the d.cavtd ir- 
prcrcit.u«on of tljeir tu! Inni, ihcy 
Invc ("0 carefully picl:i.d l:iin to-p;eec», 
luj-.pofin^ his fr^iijmenis 10 poJTcfi fuper- 
n=»tuinl qualities. All that now lies, as 
a mcnioiial of a perinn once of conlc- 
qutncc, is the tru. ^.. Tlicre are no re- 
mains of an fnfciipti'n. 

I may a Id, as a niaik of the antiqui- 
ty of :li •: chutclv, itw.»c»vv3.^AT\^>.>j v\^"^ 
lonv h'i<.c, \ \i\^^ W'diu UW ^v>>wsi^"^*x 


2IO Dining with Duke Humphrty. '^Cathedral of Elgin. [Mar. 

the fingiDg-gallcry, and, bad it been anticnt and loyal boroug,h with him o» 

ten minutes lonncfy mii^ht have been the ao excurfioo from Loodon, were en« 

deftru^ion of feveral fopranoi, contra* joying the hofpitalitics of the worrhy 

tenors, and bados. Mrs. LaDgr<ird''s unknown predeceil'or 

Pleafe to return my thinks toEufcbia at the White Hart. Yours, Impramsus, 

for her elegant communication ; alfo to G. 

J.T. ' J. P. Malcolm. 

P.ioz. In the height of the thermometer, ^^i'^ 'Jri^'h^'lti 

London, Q^. 1787, for *'9*" r«ad "6./^ ^'"f'^ >J» Shaw» Ecclefiafticai 

L.43/i"flc«d of «5.9'th" r. "on the "'^^^^ ^^^?7\ in • • 1 u 

flfth. oo; of the next.— Inftead of 'X'HE cathcdrJ of EIgm is m length 

« Noven^ber till the 19th/' r. "Nov. to the -^ »64 ^«ct, in breadth 35 feet, Icogih 

ninth r" and for " loi," r. « 110 days/' of the traverfe 1 14. It had fifC towers; 

Col. 2, 1. 4, r. " ^rcepiible." whereof two parallel ones ftood at the 

— — ■— Weft end, one in the middle, and two 

Mr. Urban, March 10. at the Bart end. The two Weft towers 

N£ word, one mors word, on the are each 84 feet high. The great cen« 

fubjc^t of a very melancholy text, tre tQwer ftood on two arched pillars, 

<< Dining with Duke Humphry ,*'-^a text, crofting at top, and was, iocludicg the 

like many others, obCcured rather than fpires, 198 feet high. T3he two Eaft 

illulUatedbycomments.Yourhumourous towers are entire, and have a winding 

Briftol corrcfpondcnt', p. 127, under toe ftaircafe leading to a channel or paftage 

figniturc of SN, has, [fear, puzzled the in the whIU round the whole church. 

cdufe more completely than c»er. Duke The height of the fide walls it 36 feet. 

Humphrv, ht fays, was /ordered to be The great door between the ttvo Weft 

EXrcUTLl) tr/ort be had bis dinner, lowers is 24 feet wide and 24 high. On 

•* Homo (urn," Mr. Uiban ; " humnni each fide of it are eight round and eight 

a me nihil alienum puto.'* I can enter f)utt;d pillars, 6} feet high, with capi- 

into the fine feelings of a Briltol gentle- taU, and as many mouldings to the 

man on this melancholy fubje<^, and arch. Each valve of the door was five 

give him credit for all his fenfihilitics. feet broad, and about ten feet high. 

To execute a fellow-creature in any The Well window is 19 feet wide ajnd 

way is bad enough ; but to execute him ^7 high. The five windows. at the Eaft 

fjjiing — fic upon it, Mr. Urban) Brif- end between the turrets, in parallel 

tol-rnen, who •ftener feci the pangs of rows, are each two feci broad and t«» 

Teplttiwiithan ihoftof inaiii:ion, muft ac- high. Above thelc five more, each fe- 

c«»unr thcdoim of poor Duk« ilamphiy ven feet high ; and oyer thefe a circular 

a fevtre f»ne indeed! ICNOTUM OMNK window near ten feet diameter. The 

PRO MiRiFlco EST ! graod gate, windows, pillars, projcfl- 

Wu may perhaps, however, contrive ing table, pedeftals, cordons, are adorn- 
to p.fFord your tender-hearted friend a ed with foliage, grapes, and other car- 
Jitrle comlort, by reminding him, that vings. The traverle Teems to have been 
poor Duke Humphry came to his un- built by the families of Dunbar and 
timely end without halter or guillotine, Innesf for, the Noith part is called* 
and without fuffcring the pangs of ftar- Dunbar's aile, the South part Inncs's 
vation. On the contrary, he was, if aile. 

fame fays true, poifoned, in tbt aB of Thcchnpter-houfeflandson the North 

fating a biar:y dinxcr (MOKf! liRiSTo- fide of the choir, communicating with 

JLi E.N si), by the ambirio.3S«i»d malignant it by a vaulted >eftry. It is an exa£t uc- 

Beaufort,CardtnaloF WinchcQcr. Shak- tagon, 34 feet high, and the diagooal 

fpeare's Henry the Sixth, if not hiftori- within the walls 37 feet, it is almoft 

Cul, is ■'it leail pocticctl, evidence on a cube, arched and vaulted, and the 

this fuHjeir. Let S. N. then fit down whole roof fupported by a fingle 

to his municipal fe^tls in peace, ak far as piilar. Arched pillars from every angle 

Duke Humphry is concerned. terminate in the grand pillar, which is 

St'riotily, r» e proverb originated r.ine feet in circumference, with 1 6 pi- 

from the accidental circumftance of a Jafters cluftered round it,, and 24 fact 

\\it in :hc laft century bcin^ y^&A/ up in high; its capital is adorned with the 

tiie abbey at St. Albon's, where the re- arms of fevtral bifhops. Seven fides of 

melius oi Humphry (the ^ood duke re- thik building h^vc large windows; and- 

gLot) ate yet to be i'teo, ujiilc a paity in the Notch wall arc live niches for the 

if Lia I fit ads, who c^cjc down tc iha d«an> cUauut^ i4U\4t^<.^tk, ^t\akncell.ur. 

nd ttisfurtr t the dcanH a ftep higher vho htve ceofured that poet« Boileaa» 
thaa tbt icft* ^" ^^* ' >^^ Satire, ftyt. 

This ouheilral €ift came to decay by ** K Matheibe, i Rtcan, pr^ferer Th^ophiley 
tli«ii|EtBrf call of Mnrniy» ukingthe EtleclinqinntdeTafleitDatrordeVirgile.'* 
laad off it aad that of Aberdeen, to raife ig cimquant may refer to hit rhyme ; 
momvj to pay hit trbopt. Hit order in bor a French pncc leaft of all h^s a right 
privy-coottciU dated Feb. 14, 1567-8, to find fault tv th /i(a#. Dante too ufca 
at aMcafiBd 10 the Ihcnfli, lie. and the riiyn^ . yet i Uiiok no one has dared to 
iuA ww^ fliippcd for Holland 1 hot the reprpa^ him with diMr^tkiar, or tinfel. I 
iPtlUp liNm alter fte fct fail, funk, at believetoofervik an imitation of the plan 
fuppoM bf tin captain't contrivance, oftheiliad and Aneid hat been objeaed 
hm beiBsm saaloot aatboltck. to Taflb; the detention of Rinaldo, like 

Oi Paace Snaday, 1711, the central thttof Achillet, being the grand hind- 
tO«»ar fall from the (boodation. ^ ranee, of the war. The jcatafogue of tha 
Thia-charcb ftood within the precma warrior^ it copied* ArAiidatoo rcfcmblea 
di thaerflm, near the river Loffty. C^lypfo.. At a femkle, I do not wifli 
Thb precina wat walled rooad with a to be fo faOidioui to rejea a piece, thac 

Aoaa wall rfooo yardt in «ircnmfereoc«, 

paiK of which fliil remaint, and bad 

four gates, lof which the Saftera one 

reraint itt portcuUit channel, and lodge. 

Within thia precina lived the canont } 

and witbont if, to the town, wat a fmall 

liili arith a croft, where wat a market 

lor them. 

The bi^Kip^ pakce wat at,Spvnnie, a 

long mile from Ei^in, and.wa» the moft 

fiately in any diocefe in Scotland. lit 

aiaa wat oblong, of ^o yard/. At the 

8.W. comer ftood a ftrong tower vnult* 

cd, the wall nine feet thick, with an 

aaff winding fiair, a cape boufe at top, FiammeggiarB a fmiftra accefi lampi 

and a battldneat round it. In the other - Fur vifli, ^ chinro tuono inlieme udiffi. 

eivet me .pleafura ,on the whole, for a 
tew faulct : the Learned e?en allow the 
divine Homer to nod fometimet. 

Give me leave to point ont one paf- 
fage in the Gerufalemme, which, in my 
weak judjcemenr, X call fublime. A 
drought being obtained through magi- 
cal incanutioo, Godfrey prayt, and tKc 
Almighty it dcfcribed ilTuing- bit fiac 
for itt removal : 

<' Coii dioendo il capo rooflb^ e gli aropi 
Cieli tremaro, e i lumi erranii e fiifi ; 
£ tremo I'aria rivereote, « i campi 
I>e t'ocesino, e i momi, e 1 ciechi abiffi. 

three cornert are fmall towers with nar- 
row rooms. In the South fide of the 
area was a chapel and a tennis-court; 
in other pant flables and oflices. The 
entrance %vai in the middle of <he Eaft 
wall, defended b« a portcullis, and over 
it the arms of Bilhop John Innes and 
his initials, which contirm a conjeftuie 
that he Ml built here The palace was 
furrounded w;th a fpacious precina 
%vifh gardens and wa^ks, which now 
pay 12L to the Crown, which granted 
the lands and precina» to diflfeieiit per- 
fons till the Revolution, fioce which 
the precina hat continued in the Crown, 
and the lands belong to Mr. B<odie, of 
Spynnie, now Brodie; but former Itf- 
fces cauried off the timber and iron- 

This dioceft comprehended the coun- 
^tiet of Murray and Naiin^ with grc^t would not prefumc to fay excels ; 
part of Bamf and Inverneft, and had though X mud think it fomehardlhipon 
5^ pafioral charget. J>. H. 

Accompagnan le genti e *1 lampo el tuono 

Con allegro di voce, ed alto fuono." 

'< He fpake, and through extended fpace 

Creation trembled. 

Trembled the heaven to its utmoft bound ; 1 
Trembled the ocean to its deep pi ofound ; V 
Trembled t- e hills nnd foliJ ground ; J 
Trembled thofe orbs which fever day from 

night I 
Trembled the planets of inferior light'; 
Trembled the ftars which Wiiniler thro' all 

Trembled thofe fix*d as to th' appointed race ; 
Trembling w iih thunder fiiook. the air s 
The lightnings (hone with awful glares 
The (eraph tun*d his golden lyre ; 
Extatic iang th' angelic choir *.'* 

Iq the pathetic defcription of the ani- 
mals fuflfering during the fervid heat, if 
the author had Ovid's pUgueof Athens 
in his mind, fure he there equals, I 

Mr. Urban, March %, 

1J01N wiih your fair correlpondcnt, 
and all the jimale Mufes, in adn.i- 
ringTaflo; though G. Richards is not 
ihe hiUmaU muic (if i'uch than «re) 

modern poets, they never can be al- 
lowed originjlity in defcripticn unleis a 
reNv woild could be fofmcJ. The furi 
wilt ^ife »nd fet the fame as it did 5CC0 

* It Wiis not the angels vvua ^a'c\%, V>\5\.>\\^ 

in Yokfhire, who was , decayed, ao4 
come CO poverty. £us£BIa.* 

a 12 O^firvathns on tbt Jcvvifh Peftisoal of the New Moon. [Mac 

year^ ago; the fprio^ be beautifal, and there was no paHTing throagh that path 

the winter dreary i*^ the animal crea- of the church- yard» all fully con?inced 

jion fuflfer in the lame manner tr»m ex- of the truth of the legend, 
ceft of hear, cold, or anf peftilential On a fecond review of the monomenr^ 

difcafc. I will intrude no farther than 1 find it is Dame Rebecca Berry, the 

juft to copy two or three more flanaas j wife of Thomas Eitoo, cfq. of Scrat- 

though I believe moll of your readers ford, Bow; (o her firil hufband was a 

will be berter entertained with the knight, whofe Airname flie retained" by 

pointing out the beauties of authors, the couriefy of England. Indeed, I 

than the very ill-natured difputes that think the damfel in the ballad wedded a 

have lately fo much taken up your knight, and was daut;hter to a farmer 
oihcrwire valuable Magazine. 

** Langue il corfier gia fi ferocc, e 1* erUa, 
Clic fu fuo caro cibo, a fchifo prcnde 
Vacilla il p.edc infcrrao, c la fupciba 
Cervice'dianzi, or gili dimcffa pende, 
Mtmoria di (uc palmc or piCi non ferha : 
Ke piii nohil Ui gloria amor racccnJc. 
Le vincitrici fpoglie, c i ncchi frcgi 
Par chc, quafi vil foma, odj e tlifpregi. 
«< Languifce il fido cane, c ogni cura 
Dal caro albcrgo, e del fignor obblia 
Giace diitcfo, cd all* T interna arfui a 
Sempre ahelando, aure novelte invia 
Ma fe altnii diede il refpirar nature 
Pcrche il caldo del cor tcmpraio fia 
Or uuUa, o poco refrigerio n'have 
Si quello, onUe fi fpira, c denfo, c grave." 

Two (lanzas before thefe is a beauti- 
fully natural defcription of the fuffcrcrs 
paintm^ to their imagination the deiired 
refrefliment of water. 

" S'alcun S'-"^f"^^ V^ frond^^ggianti riyt 
Puni vitle ft ignar liqyido argenio : 
O gi^ pretipitofo in acqwj vive 
Per Alpc, o in ping^a erbofi n paflb lento 
Quelle al vago defio forma e ilefcnve ; 
E miniftra matewa al fuo tormei to : 
Chc I'imm.g'ne lor ^clida c mol'.e 
L'alciuia e IcaUb, e ncl penfur libollc." 

Gelncr 1 am not at all acquainted 
with in his n^ti^e drefs. Jo >jeneral, 1 
like ihc Gcim^n poetry tranflated into 
Engliflj ; but, 1 bclic»e, a tranflaior can 
Icircclv avoid bting too redundant ; he 
muft ufc circumlocution, to make a par- 

Ma. Urban, March y 

IF you think the following obfcivations 
on an obfcure exprefiion in one of 
the poetical books of Scripture likeVy to 
^fibrd any information or pleafurc 
to your riders, they are ?ery much at 
your fervice. 

Amidl^ the ** Siren urn voces" of the 
too perfuaive 'adulterefs to a'lure the 
pbje£l of her purfuit, Solomon fpeaks of 
her as urging [Prov. vii. 19. ao] 

* • 

which the tranllators of pur Bible hare 
thus rendered : 

f * For, the good man is not at home ; 

" He is gone a long journey ; 

"He haih taken a bagof mouey with him } 

f* AnJ will come home at thk dat 


The conjc6lural emendations in the 
margin or our Bible fubllituce for this 
laft txprelfion, — ♦* he will rt;urn at the 
•' NEW MOON.*' With what propriety, 
it (hall be the bufinel's of this effay to 

The LXX, who were too apt to 

ticular phrafc be undcrflood in another avoid miuutenefsof inveftigation, where 
language, by which me-ips, perhaps, jjjy cxtraordmary difficulty occurred, 
the beautiful fimplicity of the thought give the words in ^ vague and indeter* 
is beaten out like gold into tniel. rainate manner : 

1 was at Stepney church* laft Sunday 

afternoon. 1 fee the lady's monument 
is refreflied j and fuch a crowd about it, 

niiro^i(/7oM [di] Ilia (AOK^fj 

Al- nMEPXlN nOAAHN ira9«{« lU 

needs no argument to prove. 

* Weatcmuc obliged to H- who has fent 
us a copy of the Ballad alliuled to p» our laft, 
p. 128 ; which i-, however, loo long for in- There 
fertion ; nor, 
the fubltance 
allufion to Sicpn-ry 

Kni&ht, and the fortunate Farnrer's Daugh- -^ °« J 

/«. * H- JiOcs, Mho H as /he aiilhor of it ? Tremellius runs thus : 
»jt/ who wrote ** Chevy CUiSe V £dit. l^aA uoa «& Vu ^vss^ lorn \ 

, U ough EusEBiA has given that h ijAtpi* voWuv can never be a juft 
of It faithfully, li«s it any vifihlc ^ c ojn*^-* »— i^%S 

.pncy. The i.dc IS, i'TI« cruel verfion of NDDH OV?* . 

Toe Latin trdnlUtion of Junius an4 

H94^1 OtJinmthtU §H tbi Jewifh FifthaUftpi Niw ^9iu sif 

AMitTaionginqoa: Now, if rhe king did not fit in com- 

Locohimpecunisaccepitinniamnnruam; mon on fuch a feat, fuch a management 

DxKiTAToredibitdomamtiiam. would make the confidering the new 

Oa which pafla}^ Juniuiobrenre« [An- moon and a thrane, at correlatit* 

BO€. so. p. 159.].** Confirmatio fecuri- things, very Qatural." [Obf. vol. II* 

mil md licenimi perpctrandum fce'un, \ p* 5*5-] 

dinturnft abftntii Tiri ei longi pcrfe£li- Our opinion coincide! exafily with, 

ffoe^-qtis doobus lignit oflenditur— nu- th t of ihe elaborate author* whofe wrfi- 

mero Decunne~-€t 4R#f r#r/ir ad reditu m tio;;s have thrown fp much valuablf 

coadidiolie."^ ' | light on Sacred Aotiquitf . His aOVro 

Thc Utrecht French Tranilation of tiop> howevcrf it onfound^clf that the 

llic.Bibl« hat it—" II retournera en fa word.}(03, in the fignification hereaf- 

naife* mm kur mJSfi," and in the ficncd to it, occurs r<urfr# in rhe Uebfttw 

mirgia, " 11 ne rtvieadra ^u' au jcur bible, at it at prcfenr (laipids^ Plktdi 

wSAL Ixxxi. 3, the other piiTtge to which he 

Non of theft ferfionf in^any (fepree alludes, and which we ftiall foon have 

come up to the idea of KD3n OV« occafion to notice^ reads : 
whicht literally rendered, is, ** <he 

«>dayoftbeTHaoN£,qr/jrtf//#^/MC HDIS^ tfi^^HS Vpfl 
metaphof ically made ufe of to exprefs a 

-day of pecMli^r/c^tf/folemoity. And MVnrm^-^S J^f^*^*^ 

the maiginal conjtaure, already quo- • IJ JM tJ. / I IUW J 

ted, aiiigas that feaiiral to the new wm. ^y,^ „^ ^^^^ Inihc mev, movf, 

The ingenious aad learned Mr. Har- i„ j^o timc af poImteo^ qq our foUroa 

PKr gives us an obiervation of Peter feall-day. 

della Valle, who tffuret us. that it is 3^^ ^.^^ j^^^ Harmer't death, tU 

aow cuflomary 10 the Eafl em countries publication of Dr. Keonicoti's Hebrew 

for the inhabitaiiti to h^gim therr joor- £. , .^^bliOies KDD. and not ^03. 

Devt at the n«w moon.— "Mat not . • • •_ . V' ^ • nr 1 1 ^^ 

.L- •• L jj. •< iL ... I . r. as the Ictfttimate reading in Pml xxxu 

thja,'* he adds, •* like man* 01 her ula- ^ « .u .k« ;.- r * i r .u •**"• 

^. _ ' c _,- : ' ,,» t. on the autUoiiiy of 00 lefstban M£h» 

g^, be . r««.va of .M.qj.11, ?' f .mporun. codice,, .c the 

Thuihu w..«rr probably. he «fe, ^ j of which fta.i, .he rtlebr^ted 

W€ are ready to admit; but wc mult con* » .■ • m/rc <■ - j - •• 

*rL^i.u jj ji Bodkian Mb. •• qui acmen ducit. 

fefs, that theotherarcumentfi adduced by r a r, a- r> * t r 

^t I J u n L — « [vide UiU. Gen. p|>. 71, 71, no.J of 

the learned authnrArike us HS more con- '- , . > r j r u n. 

,£ . u.uuuj f.« uodouoied credit, and of the moft re- 

^lunvr, than that which he draws from • •> u u • 

1, Jr' J* rj . I ra^nc antiquity, havinr been wnitea 

the DfllUiee under connderation, where . , , ^ ', ^ ^ , . * 

u I f t. c ■ i.i.r before I he concluiion of the tenth, pof- 

the peiion fpoken or is evidently to ii« J.^, » .u • t. *^ 

A J . I.-' libly even of the moth- century. 

91/0, and not commence, his journey, -J- - - * ^ 

" 1^ "^ ' lame verie, we hive the «rM; «iaa«, the 

the prepofiiion / in compofiaon be ren- iim^ m^piimttd, [or throne — KD3]> ao^ 

dcred. the hUmn Jtafi dmy, 

Mr. Jlarmer obferves, that the origi- That fome extraordinary ceremonies 

pal word in common ligni|ie$ a throne, of a fefiival natute tootc place amoogft 

and thar it is only ufed i'WUi, to figiii- the Jews on the new moon, from die 

fy tl:e new moon, or fome ^ppoiuied very inditution of the Mofaic law* ts 4 

tirT\e. — He fays, that all the Ic^ico^ra* fa£l confirmed by a cloud of wiinelTes — « 

pher&, Whom he had confulicd, omit to ** In the day of your gladoels, and in 

ihcvv how a throne, and t^e new ipoon, your IoIcitmi days, mmd in ite kigimmim^ 

are conneSed together. '^ May I be of y^r menibs, ye iball blow. with the 

permitted," he pioceeds," to propofe it trumpets [Numbers X. 10]. From one 

to the learned, to con tide r, whether ir/oi; w^p/i to another, and from one fib- 

I. Sam. XX. 24, ^5. does not explain it ? bath to another, they (ball come to 

It appe-irs theie, chat new moons were wtirfliip ine [Ifaiah Ixvi. 23]. In the 

obfcrved as feilivals in the Jjvviih Court ; viiion of the ccmp'e, as recorded^by Eze- 

that the king tn tacin|: then fate on a kiel ifch. xivi. 1, 4.), the grand Ealiern 

feat (a throne,! pre(unie), a firat high and gate was to be (hut on the fix wo^Wvt^*^ 

lifted up,nn which his fons/jndgreat men diys, but on iV\c t?k\aVi^x.Vi w '♦*'^\ x^\it ^ 

wcje ivont to fn in toUajniiy u ith him. o/>-iiCv\, aad oa Uie d%i o\ \2u^ »i*wa fn%*i* 

a 14 Obfervations on the Jcwifli Fefthalof the New Moon. [Mar. 

it was lo be opened, — on which day, 
(Ter. 6.) a young bullock, fix lambs, 
and a ram, all without blemifli, were 
to be offered. A very ancient prophet 
/Arnot viii, 5.) defcribcs the carnal 
lewsr as regrcuing the interruption 
which the feSival of the »fw :Hoon oc- 
cafioned to ihcir charaaerifuc purfaiis. 

When will the new moon b« gooe, that we 

may fell com? 
And the Sabb-th, tliat we may fet forth 

wheat? ^ . , 

Making the cphah finall, and the (hekel 

And falfi^Xng the balance by deceit ? 

In one inftance (as adduced by Mr. 
Harmer) it is pofliblc, that the cuftom 
ot beginning a journey on the day of 
the new ipoon may be alluded to— where 
the man of Shunem, endeavouiing to 

evening of its vifibiiity, and thence ^ 
Synodicai month of zf)\ days— but tha^ 
it was the artificial month of Egypt, the 
twelfth p;irt of the folar tropical year» 
of about 365 days — whence the learned 
Lexicographer infers, that our tranflat 
tors would have rendered the word, io 
all theca(es where it occurs, with more 
propriety, by the expreifion ufed Num- 
bers X. 10, and xxvii. ii. Im tti btr 
ginninfis of your months. 

That the new moon was obferved as 
a folemn feCtival is^ however, Itttle to 
our prefcnt purpofe, unlcfs we can df-- 

monftrate that the term NDDi^ DV 
was conddrred as fynonyuious with, or 
at leaft analokious to, it. 

By NDDn Cl' i would underftand 
the public d^y ot religious feftivity, at 
which the chief mngidrate, whether pa- 
triarch, or judge, or prtcft, or king, 
prclided in Toni: fort of exaltation, lett- 
ed on fome elevateds chair of ftate-^ 

ilDD"^?*?f*« — ^^^ celcbiated the ftf- 
tival m a conlpicuous and elevated man- 

^..« - ,- Whether the feaft given by Mofes 

<Siil'uade his wife from her purpole ot [Exod. xviii. 12 ]. which certainly was 
fccking Eliflia, fays. It is neither mgw jmcnded as a religtous folcmnity, had a 
Dioi*, nor fabbaih.Butihe journeys, to be jefereoce to lomc tuftom«f this kind, or 

taken on the latter of ihefe fatred days, 
were exprtflly and uotonoufly limited ; 
and, in all probability, fome fuch rc- 
rtiiftion took place as to the former. 
In that cafe the Shunammiie^ oblerva- 
lion amounts to no more ihan thi*— that 
there was no particular rcafon for v:fit- 
jng Elilha on a day nor devoted to re- 
ligious obfeivancc, nor fixed 00 for the 
delivery of public or private iiiftruilion. 
The coftom of obferving the new 
moon as a feftival was continued among 
the Jews after their return from cap- 
tivitv, and, indeed, till after the coin- 
inenccment of the Chriftian JtLra. We 
find St. Paul warning his Gentile con- 
verts againft too rigid a compliance w.ih 
this cullom, together with the obfcr- 
vancc of the Jewi/h Sabbath, and other 
ceremonies which were to ceafc at the 
promulgation of the Gofpel. Mi y» tk 
v^Sf nftfirtf h P^iiv^i ft " wo<r«, ft^ if 
^i^H ic^lii,-, S NOTMHNIAI, ft aaCba- 

Ttfy. [Col. ii. 16.] 

It may not be improper to obferve, 
on the authority of Mr. Paikhurfl, who 
confirms his aficrtion by the moft in- 
controvertible arguments, [See Htb. 
and Eng. Di£k. 3d. edition E^TH* H- 
p. 21KJ that the new moon, mentioned 

whether it was merely occaiional, in 
honour of his newly. arrived father-in- 
law, I fiiall not ilay to en«|uire — moft 
.prob.ibly, a< the fiSt is recorded to 
have t^kejor place ^ntittdmtlj to the 
pr«>mulifation of the law, it was defign- 
ed by Mofes chiefly as a mark of re- 
(pc6t to Jethro, a defcendant, as well 
as himfcif, of Abraham (Gen. xxv, 
2. 4.)* sod a worfhiper pf the God of 
Abraham £Ex. xviii. 10, 19, ai, 13. 

In the book of Esra (cHdp, viii. 17.) 
we have an ucqueftiunable refeience to 
the more than common attention with 
which the various folemn fcAivals were 
oblcrved io the days of Jo/b»a the Jon of 
jV»«. There cannot be a doubt that 
fome (ignal token of diftin^ion, either 

the chair of Hate, (S^^Dp?) cr fome 
other mark of public reipett was refcr- 
ved (or the conqueror of Paleftine on 
thefe occalions. That the Paffover wsis 
obferved with the fame folemnity in the 
days <tf tbi judgts, that judgtd Ifruel^ 
we are warranted in aiferting from 
2 icings xxiii. x%. 

But, though the KD3 was thus coq- 
fidered as the feat c>t tionour on thcfe 
public occafions, it was not cxcluiively 
reicrved for thefe folcmnitics, nor appro< 

ia dc/ipwr€ \vd8 not reckoned' fiom ;Uc v^uOi oiiV^ \q ij^ul^iiiv of tc.Qk. It dc- 


UM*] Olf0vmimi 9m the Jtmth Ffflival §f tie New Af0$9. 21$ 

mcMd iRT coiifpicu<mt«nd elcraud fear, moon, in the rime appointed (XDD3) 

tkbcr dtftiDed ai • tribute to extraordi- on our folemn feaft-d«f . 

Birr worth, or cvt«'Occa6oBally ufurp- SOLOMON, ae well ai hrstwoprcde* 

cd by thofe who would obtrude them- ceflurt, continued thefe religioai tnc«* 

frlvM 00 public Mticc The word moft nit, and eren added to them circam* 

impropuff rewJereit /m/, where the ftaneetof yet greater fplendouraad mag- 

dnmbcrof Eli&a.ia dcfcribtd (1 Kings niiccnce. I muft not tnsfpiff longer^ 

iv. io.), is fitD3*^"d >hc adultcrefs» Mr. Urban, on the patience of your 

of whom SoloaoB fpeaki, had hc^ readeri— and moft content myfelf wich 

|tD3 lUctwifc (Prov. is. 14.), her referring them to th^ eighth chapter of 

thraac of tlevatioB* whence Ihe might the firft book of Kings, piifim. Solo*' 

wxnSt, the iKtMioB •! idle «nd unwary mon, ihereftire, in hit moral wriiin^a, 

fdTaDffn, wat fully juflified lb muKing lamilMV 

.,To this dcfciiptiou of ttD3t >Bd u^e of the expretlioB w« have been thus 

mm%\m f«|M/ throne, iraiah fecms to ai« invcfti^aring, at appropri4>ed to the daf 

ladei (Chap. sWit i.) where he (hya, •» ^bich the fovcreign feafted in flate. * 

•< Sit oa the ground — there it NO So early are the trtcet of a CMftem,' 

** THRONE, O daughter of the Chai* P^' J^ diicontinited in th^ ci?iliied or,^ 

M ^eaat!" • indeed, unci* i'iied worid *. We have 

It wae o« the KD3» that Eli, judge ©nr^RDDH QV— ourcoronation-feaft, 

of Ifirael, waa fitting (no doubt in hia on the day when our monarch is com- 

jadiekl capacity), when the afflifting, pletely #»4*ro«#i/ with all ihe folcroni- 

and, in the etent, fatal tidings came to tics of religion.— On the Continent, 

him-of theoverthft>w of IfmM by the particularly in Germany, thefe public 

PhiliftiBet, and the capture of the ark. leftivalt nre much, more frequent. 

The feftital given by Siir.uel (1 Sam. though now of « nature merely poiiti- 

is. 18.) wat moft probably on the cal and fecular.— And it wat a well* 

MD3n Dl*-*It wat faciriltcal— it lyet ^^omn faa» that the kings of France^ 

public— the prophet prefided at it, and ^>«"« Pr««ce had its kiagi, were accuf. 

^iteaed its ceremonies, and all thia, at tomed to hold ^ their grmmM ef petiif 

we may fuppofe, ex esuMrd. ^mvnis, at which the fovcreign prcfi- 

- When the regal ceconomy took place d«d— m the Utter inflancc, 00 hit 

among the Ifraelitas, we find an eiaft throne, under a canopy— in the former, 

account of the ceremonies attendant on withUrscircumftaacesofroy..irplcndour| 

the fcftival of the new mrpon, under the b"^ '» ^'^f ^^uh all pofliule imblicicy. 

immediate dircaion of SAUL. The writer of this arciclc cannot bat 

Jonathan tcl.'s D«f id ( i Sam. xx. l8.) «*"» to *»" mind, with a degree of me- 

** fo-roorrow is the new moon— and *ancholy pie^ruic, ths affable benipnuy 

"thou (halt be m-fled, becaufe thy with which he h«$ fccn the now-mir- 

feat will be empty." The fcftival-day tyred Lewii XVI. do tli^honours of h-t 

arrives "And, when the new moon paUce on fuch an occifi >n.— Al.a I 

«• was come, the kin^ fate him down to how truly might he afierwarJj have ex- 

•* eat meat— and the kinjj fare upon his cUimed, with the injured and innocenc 

** feat, mt at oibtr ttmei,'* (i. c. at other I^avid * 

times of ftaie and folemnity) *' even ^IHOO niliyn 

•• upon a feat by the wall -and-jona- , •^-.^.^s *>-ivS ^^•^'n^ 

" rhnn arofe, and Abner fate by Siul's • iJi^ UW \\^/ ^SSWsJf 

** fidt, and DavidN (eat vvds empty." f»^.w^ ^^^ ^U •^•.»k3^«. 

Ntxt to the chair of Haic, appropriated '-^^' "^^^ ^ J^ * ' ^'^^i'J * 

to the kinu;, weie the fears of his ion • Hw^lH V^ n^D>*rT 

and apparent heir — of the p^eneralilfrno Thou haft my ghr.y to Cf?.fw* — 

of his arniics-^of his ron>in-law David. And Cift my turone dw^wn C.> Che 

(This incident gives rife to Mr. lUr- grourki — 

mer'i conjecture as to the application of "^^ "^^Y^ wf my youth haft ihou (hor^jn- 

ihe word K03 CO thefefiivalof theno* n-. w a . .l- • 

fi'unium. ) ^*^°'"' ^^ covciod mo w»th fbirrie !'iinj;ti.e^efeaa<,nAVIDrpeaks ; : ^^ _Pf..lm lxsxix.4J. 45. _ 

of the new moon, and the ftull of tbc . ^--M't-* r^ Co',k's Voyagv'.givc us imny 

throne, as of one and ilic ^,n^. r-Blow ^Ind'^fhl n .v'""'" ^'^t 5' r' \^''^ .v'' 

iij.4hc »umi«t, liV! he, ..-. the new lUin -; »« Ifta Va^xc 0«^tv. 


fln6 Local fiords ufedln Northumberland.— y»/^# Hales. [Mar^ 

Mr. Urbtn will, I truit, pavfdon an 
old friend for the prepofteroui length of 
tbefe remarl^. The Gentleman's Ma- 
gazine is laudably open to cotije£^uf^l 
criticifm of every defcription-^biblical 
criticifm will not be excluded — particu- 
larly, when the critic reconnmtnds him- 
it\f to thb worthy editor by coming id 
l(ie garb of an Antiquary. 

P. S. A very ancient black letter ver- 
sion of the Bible, publifiied in the reign 

of Queen Fhz^hcth, OimpriuteB af 
AottDon in W^\t% ^^urclb V^rne bp 
3io!)n CatDOoBi )^^nter to tljt ^uetnr<» 

CpajeChe^ renders the verfe (more hap- 
pily than fubfcquent tranlljtions have 
done) : 

?'/* iFor, t^e soon man \$i not at!)onte» 
t ijs sonttfat of. ipe Ijatl; takrn tl^e 
iagge of monei? toit!) ))ini, ann \\i totll 
returne Y)omt at ti;( appointtD {tAtmtm 
ftaft." li. E. A. 


Mr. Urban, Dover Ma^ch, 8. 
Ssn of thtliynt favoured your read- 
ers with a vorabalary of \Vords ufed 
by the natives of Northumberland ; in 
fome of which, I think, he h^s mif- 
taken the mcaniiig. I therefore take 
the liberty of (ending my explication of 
ihcm ; and alfo, of adding a few more 
words in the Son of the Tyne's voca- 
bulary : 

Prt/i/, a fountain. No. Vant figiiifies the 
ctftcrn, which receives the wade-water ful- 
ling therefrom. 

Snccb^ a latch to the door. It fticiild be 
wrote Jnecly being pronounced Iiard. 

Smafitty a fmall raifed fiuit-pic. No. It 
fignifies any thing larger than a)mmon. If 
there were two f*r three pies upon a table, 
of different fizes, the largeft of them would 
be called a Jmajker. 

^kel, a wooden pail. With this diffinr- 
ence, the diameter of a fleel at the top and 
bottom are the fame. 

Staitbf a itorehoufe for coals. No. Stuitb, 

Reeky fmoke. i 

Racking-crvikf A crafi? or crook over the 
fire. It ihould be reekins-crook, as hang- 
ing in the reek or fmoke. 

Additional Woilds.^ 
SUt, a bolt if a door. 
Tiggin, a fmall wooden milk meafui'e^ 
holding near a pint. 
LaggtMf ftaves. 

Huckf a crooky a fickle for cutting corn. 
jiud, old.^ 

- Stahartf ilofie. 

Hujfb, a Bieafure for eorn^ or any dry 

Poke, fack. 
Toad, a hcurfe. 
kFhjya. yearling cow. 
Gul/e^, a knife. 
Jack'U'Ug'iy a clafp- knife. 
Lonnen, a bye-road or lane. 
Sbifineyf a Hick rounding at one endi \M 
ilrike a fmall wooJen bowl with. ' 
Shinnejf'hdhf a $\me fo called. 
Futbcr, a large csrt of coals. 
Ctpe,' to change oho thing for another. 

If I were to hazard my opinioo, Mr. 
XTVban, upon the qfOery m Mr. Brand's 
Hiflory of Newcaitte; viz. whether the 
name (Stock-bridge) be derived from 
felling flock- filh' tliere, it would be, 
that it certainly derived its name front 
» matter of greater confcq'ucnce. 1 ra- 
ther Cuppofe the bridi.'e took its name 
from the Jlock or taflU, which pafiecf 
over ii to the market near thereto, ap- 
prcpiiated for that purpofe. 

A Son of the Were. 

Mr. Urban, Fib. 2. 

THERE is nothing which adds more 
genuine luflre to the Englifli cba- 
raAer than the conftaney and firmnefs' 
which has, at various times, been ma- 
nifefted HI the honourable condudi of the 
judges of the land. 

Sir James Haies^ a juflice of the 
common pleas m. the reign of Ed- 
ward* Vf. is a twofold inflance of unal- 
terable attachment to the laws and con- 
flitution of his country. Although a 
zealous Protcflant, he could not be pre- 
vailed upon by his p^rty to oppofe the 
fucceifiun of Queen Mary, hecaufe her 
right to the crown was fupported by law 
and juftice. . The fame fenfe of doty 
obliged thii upright judge to put in tx- 
ecution, at Q^een NJary'k fucceli'ion,- 
the laws agarnfl fayii?^ Mafs, feverai 
priefls being indi£Ved before him at Maid** 
done in Kent. For this latter condu£^, 
he fell a'vidiim to the perfecuting zeal 
of the queen ; and was not only remo- 
ved from the bench, where be fat in the 
former reign, but committed to cUfe 
cullody, and treated withfuch feverity, 
that he fell into a frcnay, and killed 
himlclf, A. D. 1553. 

The conference between BtfhopGar* 
diner and this judge, at the Chancers 
bar, which 1 now fend you, would a^ 
ford a fine fubjcfl In tne hands of an 
ingenious artilt, for the illuflration ^f 
the magnificent edition of Httmiy who^ 
ia the V(\ volume of hit hidory. paya 


1 794-] Rffl^ariabU Integrity of Judge UAks.— Prr/efGr Sneecforf. 217 

full tribute to the memory of fir James 

Halei *. 

The communiciiion bctwenc my Lord 
Cluiincelor ^Stephen G.mtintri), aovl 
Juilgc Male?, being among o:lv r juigr* to 
take his oih in Wertminller H..H. i ,s^» 
tlic fttli of Ortober ; re^ieJ vffhatin* f'(.m a 
Jemru Jpitmen (f e,vty f'rinf.rig^ in tit pf- 

CUunethr. Matter Hales, ye Ih lU umler- 
fbnd 'hat like a* the Qiiene^ H'ghncs hath 
hertofi re receivid rimki opmion o* you, efpc- 
cia'lie, f»»r that ye ftondcbothfanJiMliuand 
bwfulli in hir caufe . f juft fucctflion, rcfu- 
fin- to fct your t^undc to tlie b K)ke, among 
others ihal wci-c ngninft hir grue in t»i..t 
beholfe I fo now, through yoiu- owno late 
defsites, agninft ceil;.ii» !iir liighne- ilooinges, 
ye llanoe not well in hir grace? favuui. And 
thcrfor, before \c take ani-s oth**, it lh-<l be 
oeceiT.iie for y« ii to m.ike your pui gabion. 

HuUi, I prjjc you, ray lorde, w)i.»t is ilie 

caufe ? ... 

CbajtmeiiT, Information i* given, that ye 
have iwdidled certain piiil-'S in Kci.i, for 

Caiingof Maffe. , . .o , 

Hateu Mi hirdo, it is not fo. I indited 

none; but, iodeile, cenanc inJiclments of 

yru in pbce of jurticc. Ari', if it wero 
well iri<;dy I liolif vit ye HauM not he well 
able to (lond hnne(^lie thei to. 

Haiet. Ml lord, I am not fo prrfe^ hot t 
m.iy etie for h(kr of knowledge; bu;, bo-'h 
in cofifciei'ce. 9nd luch ki)Owi>'ii)re of ii e 
law s God hith given me, 1 w.l «iono:hins 
hut I wd m. inrain :.nd abM'e in it. And if 
mi good.(S, and .dl that I have, he not able td 
coun'cr,M)<fe the cafe, mi btnlie (hal be ledi 
to feive the tirne, for thei be all at the 
Quciiifi HiRhnpfftf pteafure. 

CbaufKetor Ah ! fir, ye be vcri quick e and 
Aoute in yi ur anfwers; but as it ihouUle 
(emc, that which ye did was mere < f :i u ill, 
fav'unng the tipinic-n of youi lel gion agninft 
the fervii^ nnwe ufcd, then for uni iiccafioa 
or ze.ile of jull.ce. feinge the Queres Higli- 
n« drjcth lei ii firthe, .is yet wilhingeall hir 
faitlifiif luhjedtfs (o imbrace it accord;ngli ; 
and w'leie >e o/ei bi»ih bodie and goons in 
your tiiall, theie i> n<»hich mii'.er req.iirci 
at yourc handcs, .ml ytt ye ihall not have 
y()ur<iwne will neither. 

Hales. My lonl, I feke not wilful will, 
but to Ihew myfcK as 1 am bound in l<>ve t(» 
God, and obcdieme to the Qnenes M; jcHir, 
in w hufe caufe willingly, for juftife fake, al 
other refpedes f«t npan, I did of late (as 
knoetl •), adventure as much as 
as for my religion, I tiuft it to 

like matter wrr bnught betoic me at the y„ur lordfhip 

laft aflifes there holdtn, and 1 gave order j j^^j ^^^^ 

Khereio, as the liwe rtquiiovl. For I have ^ ^^^^ ^^ plcafeih God, wherein I jm redy 

profeflbd the law, aganll which, in cafes of j^ adventure as well my life as my fubfta\ince, 

juftice, wil I never (GoJ willinge) pi-ocede, jf j ^ ^j^^j thereunto, i 

nor in ani wife dillemWe, but witli the 
fame (hewe forth mi confcience, and, if it 
uicre to do againe, 1 w.ildc do no Idle then 

I did. 

Cijuficelor, Yea, maimer Hales, your con- 

fcience is knowne wcl inoush. i know ye 

lacke no wnfcicme. 

Hales, Mi lord, ye mai do wel to ferch 

And fo in lacke of 
mine owne power and wil, the Lordes wil 
be fvilfiUed. 

Cbuuncehr, Seing ye be at t'lis poinf, 
m.iftcr H..l«<, 1 wil piefcntly make an end 
Willi youc. Tl:e Qik-iks Hij^lincs ihal be in- 
formed of youre op.uiun and dsclnr-^uoiu 
Ar.J .IS hir Grace fhal thorui>on, 
ye ihal have knowledge ; uiitd \v!;ich tyme 

my vocation, beii-g both -4 hurt 1. en and a 

Uie Qllermoll ihit c'lri be ohjected ; and if 1 chnrgf, more than ever I dcfued to tjik« 

liave therein dor.c aniinjwii or wicng, let ^p^^,, ^^^ . uhenfoever it rtiall plc.if* the 

me be judged bi ii:e law*?, for I will u ;:k Q^,^„es MIrIk-cs to c;»fc me theicvif, 1 flLil 

no better defence, coafidering clnefli that a ^^^ humbn, wr.h ru? tontcntaiiou obei •!>•' 

is mi profefTion. 

Chixuncthr. Whi, maftcr Hales, alth.injrh 
yc had the rigour of tlie hw on your fide, 
yet yc might have hadae regard to the 
Quene*s Highnes prefect doin?.es in that 
cafe. And further, aUlu)U?,h ye feme to he 
ynorethen precifc in tlic lawe ; yet, 1 ihinke, 
yc wo'.dc be veri loih to yclde to th? extte- 
mirieof fuche advnntage as he c^- 
thcred againfte your proc?dip|;es in the 
lawe, as ye have (oroe time t.^kcn upprm 

* Two baronets of the fjme name, in 
Kent, were dcfccnded from thib judije. — 
Qpery, where is there a portrait of hra? 

GE^T. Ma^. Aftfrfifr, i7H' 

fame. — ylndj* tbit upright judgt defaruA Jum. 
the bar. 

Mr. Urban, March \%. 

SOME lette.s written by the lare I'ro- 
ftlfr Sneedort", \vhi>(e unrimtijf 
dcHili was rcc<#fdcd in you.- M4^^.ilino, 
h-4ve latelv bctn pu'.jlilhed on the Con- 
tinent. — They were pioduccd duiin^ 
his rravtls through Gcrnuny, Holland. 
Fi'^ncc, and SvMtz^i'.md, .u 1791 Hud 
\1(^x. — .V Gcrm,4n rcvcvtr, ij>i;akinir 
oiihcm, lays ihaUhey chafaiieuic 'htir 

2l8 Murder of Va^cW In Vf2Xt%.^FaU9f th$ Mur dim. [Mar, 

author at a man of excellent talents.-^ 
They are dated from Be/lin, Leipzig, 
Drefden, Gottengen, Mentz, Zurich* 
Bern, Geneva, Ly«ns, Paris, and other 
place s» and contain much information 
in alightandeafyflylc.— The ProfcflTor 
was in Paris from OAober 1791 till 
Feb. 1791; on which account, his let- 
ters during that interval are highly 
intereftinj;, and throw much light upon 
public alSirs. This information is not 
Amply confined to Paris, but compre- 

Icngth thought proper to make hit e- 
fcape. His aflfociites were not fo fortu- 
nate, for fix or feven of them were foon, 
upon the information of an acceflaryr 
com mitred to Hereford eaol ; they were 
there tiled, condemned, and exccutod. 
The fword of Juflice (UU vibratct ofer 
the head of Williams. 

He adds in a note : 

** The following paragraph appeared la 
the public newt-papers m 0<^.lober, 1779: 

'< Wben the French prifoners paflcd 

hends France in general : the prorcflbr through Alton a few weeks fince, Uie Gla- 

was a conllant vifitor to the National 
Affemblv, the Jacobin, and bihcr clubs \ 
and his reports of their fittings are very 
well detailed, and agreeably impartial. 
In fine, the principal merit of thtlc let- 
ters is, that theynire a genuine impreffi- 
on of the head and heait of this free ob- 
ferver. W. H. R. 

Mr. Urban, Fib. 25. 

IN the fourth edition «f Mr. Wynd- 
ham's Teur in Wa^es, p. 4s, he gives 
the following account of a murder com- 
mitted in Wates, in the neighbouihood 
of Llar.dilo Vaur, of which 1 dp not 
find anv meotion in your volumes. 

«< Wil'.iams, afliop-keeperinthe town 
of Llandovery, was fuppofed to have a 
criminal connexion with the wife of a 
Mr. Powell, who lived between that 
town and Llandilo. Prevented bv the 
jealoufy and vigilance of the hufband 
from continuing his adultery, he formed 
the daring plan of removing the obflacle 
to his defires. For this purpofe he en- 
gaged a fct uf lawlefs villains, and kept 
them in a conftant ftate of ebricty till an 
opportunity fliould o^er of putting his 
murderous fchemc in execution. The 
intention of Williams and his crew was 
publicly fufpe£ted, not only by Powell, 
but by the whole Dcighl>ourhood. How- 
ever, he perfevered ; and, in the time of 
a deep fnow, and late in the night, the 
alFallins attacked the houfe, forced their 
way into it, and, furprifmg Mr. Powell 
fitting at his tabic, put an end to his ex* 
iftt nee with many circum(^ances of ex- 
aggerated cruelty. Powell had only time 
to exclaim, on feeing them, " My GotI ! 
I am a dead man ; ny enemies are upon 

<* The murder perpetrated, the accefTa- 
rit^ quietly retreated 10 their rtfpeftive 
employments ; and WilUamb, the princi- 
pal , coniinued for fome time at his fhop 
in Llandovery unmolcfttd. However, 
the report of the airiflinaiioii fpreading to 
zrtty p,i:i uf die coun(ryi Williams a( 

nnorgan(hii*e militia were ordei'ed as a goard 
oyer them for the night they remained ia 
tha: town. The next morning it was difco-. 
vered, on the prifoners be>ng muftered^ that 
one was miffing. Though the prifoner miff- 
ing went by another ntme, he was founi! to 
be the noted Williams, who was the princi- 
pal in the murder of Mr. Powell, fume years 
ago, in Caermarthenlhire. Scouts were fent 
out all over the country to retake him*, but . 
without effiedt He was taken prifoner as a 
common failor in a French privateer.*' 

This note, however, is without foun • . 
dation, as i had the following particulars 
from a gentleman who was profieflionally 
employed in the bufinefs io which die 
death of Williams was proved. 

When Williams made hit efcape, ht 
went to Dunkiik, where he afTumed the 
name of Thomas. About a year after, 
his brother was in a colTee-houfe to Lon* 
don, when two perfons in a box obfer- 
ved, that he mud be a near relation of 
Thomas who was drowned at Dunkirk. 
He went to them, and aflted fome qucA 
tions ; and, foon after, lie and his mo- 
ther went over to Dunkirk, and were 
informed by one Walker, who wat * 
fchoolmafler theie, that he beeauM ac- 
quainted with a man, who called himfelf 
Thomas, foon after his arrival, by hit 
bringing the children of the man with 
whom he lodged to fchool ; that, at firftt 
he appeared fober and remaikably chear- 
ful, but afterwards feemed to have fome- 
thing which he feemed to wiib to unbur- 
thcn bimfelf of ; that Walker recom- 
mended it tcf him to confefs to a prieft ; 
that he conferred with him, but did not 
confefs I that, after this, he broke oitt, 
grew difordeily, and laughed at religio* ; 
that he went out 00 a Sunday afternoon 
in a boat with feven perfons, when a 
plank ((ariing, the boat funk, and he 
and fome others were drowifed | that be. 
Walker, found the following writing on 
a paper in Thomas's pocket-book — ~* 

^ My hand bled on Thorfday, tho jtb 
Aprils 1770, between four and 6vt o'clock 
in the aftcmooaj at Dunkirk"'—* 


I794-] /itiVjF Kngt^^^S^ttiries* — Zw^rf Robert Manners. a 19 

(the pper, which f hw, it flained with 
red)) that, at the bottom of Tliomai's 
box, he found the trial of (ome perfsot 
who were cooviflcd of che murder of 

This paper the mother brought awiy 1 
but never difcovered to any one that 
"WilHami was dead till ahnur 18 years 
tfic r, when fte acquainted his wife with 
the'circnmftaoce, who fued for hrr dower 
in Willtimt's cftitet ; and, proving the 
above paper to be his hand- writing, and 
the other circumHinces, it was thought 
fufliciene evidence of hit death» and flie 
rceovticd her dower. 

Powell'swidow married atCanteibury. 

Yours, &c. Q^ X« 

Mr. Urban, March 6. 

I NOPE a few words more concnnict; 
Fairy-rings will not i^ive otfcnct; as 
1 wifli the oUfervers of thrm to koow, 
that there is a very large and conu^'cte 
one on the South bariion at Pori- 
mouth, wiihin reach of the fea-fpiav. 
The moggy humidity of the ifland cf 
Fortfea caufes cham pi tenons to abound 
on the ihound and baAions of hoih the 
dd and new woik^. Sic la. 

Mr. Urban, LiehfitUt March 13. 
T^^NCOURAGED by the favour done 
Mli me in anfwering my queries re]a ive 
to the late Dr. Lloyd, dean of Bangor, I 
take the farther liberty of enquiring, 
through the channel of your rcfpe£lah'c 
and entertaining MiicelUny, whether 
any of your correfpondents can inform 
me in nvhai month Of.d ytar the late Dr. 
Ptnifton Booth, dean of Winder, was 
appointtd to that dianry, and nibom he 
fuccteded in tbat office. Dr. Booth died 
in 1765 ; was the prcdeced'or of the late 
Dr. Kcppel, bilhop of Eaeter, in :he 
dcanry of Windlor; and was, 1 l»t]'cvc, 
a relation cf the late Lord Warnngion. 
Miy 1 alfo a(k in tubal month and ytar 
Dr. Francis Webber, ibe UQ dci.n of 
Hereford, ditd, and at nvhat time he 
was fucceeded by the prefent dean, Dr. 
Wctherell ? E. W. 

Mr. Urban, March it. 

I TAKE the liberty of rtquclting 
CUruHS LfUtJIrienfis to infoim me, 
whether io his letter, p. 43, in wbiih he 
comrounirates his obfervations at Delft, 
the following lines arc autiientic, viz, 

*' Hie locus odU, amat, punit, confervat, ho- 

K^qnitijiP, pacem, cr/f/t •/:'•, jura, pr (>boi— ** 

as, in my humble opinion, the word rr/« 
mini i& there placed quite ungrammati- 
cally, and ought to have been crimtn ; 
and it appears clearly to me that it was 
only made ufe of for the purpofc of com- 
pofing a pentameter verle. I am, with 
lubmiilion to your corrcfpondentt ^ 

Yours, &c. P. H. 

Mr. Urban, NoTibampionfi,Mar,i^, 

YOU gave us, p. 9« a view of the 
m ^nummt of Lord Robert Man- 
ners« The following veifes are tranfcri* 
bed from a woik ot fome confiderable 
extinr, which, were this a period for 
poetical diftinflion, might perhaps hope 
to outlaft that monument; bur, as the 
prefent tade is, may probably never be 
leen nor heard of, unlefs you fhall pleafe 
to give thcfc a place io your Magazine. 
Yours Ac. J. B. 

*• Here many a name, defer ving deathlefs 

For deeds didingniihM on the roaring waves, 
I might rehcarfe. O I Manners, where arc 

thou 1 
Arrefled quick in glory's high career. 
From all her Iiope^, ah I too untimely reft, 
Whit hns thy forrowing country loft in thee! 
In youth's gay dawn, who, fpurning plea- 

fure's lure, [path 

Like Jove's fon, refolv'd, the arduous 
Of active virtue chofft ; and in the courfe, 
Eager, unmatcird, et^ manhood's rifing 

With unreprov*d applaufe, exuUinp: feiz*d 
The hero's and the patriot's nobleft palm. 
Whv does thy country now lament thy lof>. 
Left to conceive what Manners might have 

been. [fame !" 

How pafs'd a Blake, a Hawke, a Rullell's 

Ab Fortune has fully accomplifhed the 
prefsge of the Mufe, exprelled in the 
fol'owir.g litte<i, rcfpciling one of the 
grc<(tcil and l>eO men this counrry could 
evir of, though the diflingu fhtd 
fame and honour wi:h which he now re- 
turns into her bofom might aftbrd matter 
lor n much nobler wreath, if you wiil 
favour :lie fcll'-'wing with a place in vour 
ulcful and eateitaintng Mi^cellanv, ic 
may at this time not l>e unacceptable to 
fume of )our itaners. It is tik..:^ from 
the fame work with the above, sind was, 
I believe, written about the time Lord 
Cornwallis fct out for the EaA-lndies t 

<• Nor, brave Cornwallij, can t!»e faithful 
In filcnce pafs thy elforts fit lo hold [Mufc 
A rark unrival'd on the ruils of fame. 
Let Camden's woodr, let wide Catawba.'^ 

In wintcT i\a.m' A ^?cm^ ^)w -^^^je^ V^\ 


220 Lord CornwalHs. — Johnfon and Weft. — Canah^ tSc. fVltr 

Let GViIf^rd'f liard-fought field, the high- the trees, when wtt, would drop on tb« 
fj^oln floods goods in the boii., carried the Tcrr 

Of Carolina, ihwanngftill thy coii-fc, C^^t idea • To th^r f !*x^w « \ J 

7hy ardent ieal a.teft, thy cafelcf. to Is. furdVv when laVd .i « "'T '"^^ \^ 

By danger,, or ^eafon,fli!lunflck-d; O T O r««rni Jtt ^ ''*'*^«' ''^ 

Thy p:>ti« fortune's utmo^ fp:t-,: Y'J/X.' '^""^ ^'^^^n^nt ro candour tt 

BucaUiiivan. Nor alk the Mtfcthecaufe; !^ ^^^^h» and * greater hu.t'to ray feel- 
Thy fote ftands firm; and Fate, on Ganges' *"/' ^^'*" *?y "'*'> cxprerfions, which, 

banks, ^^^"^ enduring many years unjuft perfc 

Mav ye: avne for York's difaftrous day. cunon and opprefljon, 1 can the more 

Keie niipht the Mufe, fond of tlie favVitc je^dily. forgive. My opponent's very 

theire, nguature fliews me what 1 aoi to expe& 

The hrnve adjutorsof thy fame re^ieaifc! in a licer.iry ,correfpondsnce • but I 

A Raw onfitiotreailCornw.i!! s l>ei»j truft, Mr. Urban, your pages in future 

L-'flic of \.aour try V, intrepid, firm, will be better employed than in oar 

Oolaiulforrpos'dind.mger'scefpraiehonr. fruiilefs fqj^bbles: nor can I think mv 

Her n.igi.r the t, v to rcn the fiepr flced age fuch a fccret to the pany, who^o 

To lift fhs blow, :nd dare the furious (Ikm k, n^i focer a lirtU >n<1 .-kJT i' l 

OfTurlettx) J.rh'rgd.c3.ifuUhro'ther.-.nks ?J' Von rr Il/n^' u ^ ""*.' '*"•"*- 

Whil., like the hghtnmg's fU(h f.r d.ftant' „„!",^^ 'Tk"^ mq thus ., /A. a'^ri, 

. fcen [gleam "'^"^ j**^* "^"^^ «"t in thinking me 

Fromhihighthran.nflj'df«on»,thefiuKrn n«"'y «» y«>ung as themrdfts; for, 

Wih 'irrMr ftaitlfs theficrcc fo. ming flecd, ^^"'° * ^'f "^ »g«. « will be time for 

And ilnkc, the I's front with pallid fcai." pe7»'o'o"K about them. Thenharge of 

■ incxpmeoce 1 have obvi.*:ed abivc, by 

Mr. Urban, Manb i8. Ihc wing that fonie people are ;»$ h^flvin 

A TWIN (lanilrron the poetic lace reading as they aie in wrttin;*, by their 

to ih t >vbith Mr. Bufwell, p. 33, erroneous imputations; ^nd as to the 

arrc. antU cnci that Dr Johnfon ever figO'^turr of J, O. I never ufcd it. 
urtert. , may be lound in his ** Life .of ^^ «h« ^«id P'^rtv, M«. Uthnn. after 

Weft I** my apo ogy, not Irfs h;*ndfome, r truft, 

« A ftrokc of the paify brought to the ?**^" thrown, yo .rlelf being our 

grave one of thofc few poets to whom Uie J"°S*^» *^'»' c«»ndc' end io4>t my h^end, 

grave needed not to be terrible*." *° rccommndfir the republicat^o of 

Thus with his own pen has Dr. John- ?J**'t*"'*' ""^ '"' ^'^^^*» p^xnicd in your 

fon Irmtied a wholeclafs of men, whofc ^^^^* ^''^ »n othts, with fome pteccf 

morals have not colleaively diflionourcd »«*«' F^'n^^d before; it .viH much ferwe 

- a perlon. whom it has been long the 


Mr. U R B A N , L§ndon, Fib. 1 9. Though gr€y our heads, our thoughts and 

PERMIT me (if you pleafe), Ute as aims aie green; 

It is, to reply to what you are pleafed ^*^? damag'd clocks, whofe hondand bell 

to call ** a handfome apology to an old diUent: 

correfpondeni.** Had my liiuation been *^****y /^K* ^"^» ^hilc Nature points at 

more comfoj table, it tvould have come twelve. Night Thoughts, 

fooner; hut, for thefe re<«fons, I cannot . Can Mr. Ufban, or his friends, ob- 

look upon that apoiogv in quite fo fa« ^'S^ ""*» ^7 naming the perlbn who ufcd 

▼oui^ble a light asMr Urban does, be- ^^ ^1 ^^om the church flceples, with 

c;»ufe the writer in two letters, that of particulars of htm 5 and when he got 

S.ept. 5, p. 800, and the other of Nov. his death ? it will be thankfully recei- 

10, p. loia, has charged me y^ith the ^***» 

ahiurd pT«»|.or)r.on which I have been .A definition of the word Entbhfiafm 

ef;mbating and eipofing, and in the ^^'^ ^^ ^^ ^^ left acceptable, as - 1 

latter, after mine, p. 907. wherein I cannot find any thing fatisladory 

ih'^wtd where, and hv whom, the ex- thereon. 

freflTion '* in ttg id^a cf amah " h^d Mr. Urban's infertioii of the ab-^ve 
bf n uftd,' and alio the prot>iibility that ^ '^ %^^^^^t oblig;e and ferve aj old 
. ♦ ■ ■ I V triend in « acvv flcio, 


1794^!) Coaiimiuithn of TiV$ Months Tour in Scotland, 22t 

Two Mont HtTouK inScotland. 

fCmitimmed frtm vL LXIil. p. 1 195*> 
T AVING fcnt the ncxr morning; ro 
Jl beg pcrmiffiun of the Duke ot Ar- 
Kyle to view the caftlc Ami its envitoniy 
bit Grace obligingly con(UlcenHed to 
returo ut, by ■ fcivant of his .o\;^n, an 
apology for not requcOine ovr company 
ac dioDer, on account of ihc illncfs of a 
pan of hit family (if 1 rccolU^.t ar ght, a 
ilaui>hter}, wbo was not ekpe-^'cd to fur- 
tive the dav ; hut dcfinnf^ us, ar the 
fame cimei 10 dttiin his nif-tTeni'cr as 
our guide to whatfoever we might think 
worthy of tttfrc^inn. 

Thouph it 1)AN h rhertobcen nudioufly 
cn'*cav. LT"" to planet li. hiiy over all 
iui! • "]. •{ . f'cn-si, 'nd fituations, as 
bi\c iuiu pi-iicuUrly dwelt upon by 
otl.ei'k i \ t. 'n >> (ke til intended to cor.- 
xt\ r • r\» lilt a .r tt.c face aiid feaiurts 
of*' .nin t'-rnuiiii vihicli ilic To'.ir- 
ii' ^ .c 4 ir \v* bc'i thi'Ubt't •<] tilirc 
not OH -mi' po hir^T, in a'rit- 1? iiny 

dc^iLc f^itu 4r, iiuprcliiii. iir a^x-c- 
ahlc. i'lit -» ^> '.i-icc £ir> fuih 0.< It hi(- 
loric I onre. an : cxtrai^ts as, 'hough pM- 
haph net a v¥4\s new t > iliC ciccaliun, 
fcciTiC'i to I'C CI.C niol) txp 1' a' r\, inte- 
reftingt o' ap^rupru'c lo it. O:. ihc 
fulj<&uf Inverary Mr. P nimit lub cer 
taioly precluded all neiclli y if cnlai ce- 
ment 01 detail; and it only rrmiins lo 
faVy thar, ab ihrre arc few earthly hKfs* 
ing( without r>nne nnixturc v\ aTov. fo, 
ihould envy of this tiulv pri:icc y p'ace 
fpiing up in the breaH o\ anv one who 
vi(its it, he inav hnd, peihaps, an anti- 
dote at hand ; fcr« fo un^Lnial is the cii- 
matc here, that it ha!> been tuund iicce!- 
fary to contrive and provide open and 
well-ventilated buil(iing>>, for ihe pur* 
pofe of fufpending and curing the h.iv, 
which is otherwifc liable to ipoi), and 
pciiih in the field. 

From Inveiary towards Tarbet, our 
next Aage, the road runs under the 
J^uke's park wall a onp the margin of 
Lochfyne; whicii, coniiitunic^iting uith 
the VVtllern fcj, is fait; and, abound- 
ing in herrings, »ffor<.*s emp'ovmcnt to 
a grtat number of fifhcrmeM, wbo live 
wholly on-board their vcfT Is fn^m July 
till the iiionth of January f^ ilowine. re ■ 
ceivine in wages for tlicfe (\x months la- 
bour c-tbout )o>. and a pair of (hoes. 
Lochfvne. gradually contra6liri^ itfclf as 

the nei};hbourhocd. Hence the road 
turns, as it were, tack ag:<io to -be rieht, 
anil ikirts foi a confuirrable way along 
the l)ordcr of the loch oppoiite to that 
on which we at firfl had travelled. The 
town and c»flle of Invcrary, inclofed and 
backed by t ecp and hanging woodf^fur* 
m'lun cd by a fmgular and lofty rock 
ca led Duniquaich, clothed in pinet, and 
pviamidal in f« rm, beheld over, and re* 
fle^'ed by, the ibining waters of Loch- 
f ne (iifelf diver fified by numerous fxfli- 
iii^-veirels difp -fed in various groups), 
alfoidcd hence a very beautiful and inte» 
refling piSlure. 

Turning (uddenly Cowards the Icfc^ 
wc next purfucdour way along the Ixit- 
turns of dec p vales, bounded on either 
hand by mighty mou-^tains, many of 
thtm bitak and barren, but more gene- 
rally aff^ording fuftenance to vafl herds of 
cattle. R \\% which, in rainy feafons, 
or on fudden thawi, fwctl hallily iota 
lou(i and foaming torrents, now caine 
Ccntlv ir'ck ing down thefe heightt, 
glitUrirg and gurgling in their courfe. 
S'uh iummonly (upply fomc larger 
lUeam below, which, alfuming a hoarfer 
lonc as it to^ls ah^ng its rugged bed, pays 
at length its tribute to fome diflant lech. 

It was in this ftage that we journeyed 
tbioui>h Glencrow, a romantic bcttom 
of 4i>out two miles in length, no where 
w dc. but alinoil cUding towards its 
EaOern end, and divided into nieadows 
asiout a difmaUlouking dwelling. A 
narrow rivulet winds through the midfti 
u\t inchtling mountain*^, craggy, fVecp, 
and awful, rile tu » vaft heigbr, exclu- 
ding, as we ojifelvLS experienced, the 
fun ii'.any hours l>cfore hi: fctting; the 
defcrnt, on account of its abruprncfs, is 
cut in a zigzag manner through the rock ; 
jo that, like jome artful fophiit, or the 
feducer of our Hrll parents, 

with \V2&. oblique 

Sidelong we work*d our way. 

Near the top of the crag is a ftonefeac, 
infcribed oi. its back, *' ReO, ani be 
ilunkful;" an admonition addrefling it- 
ftlt rather to tiaveilcrs toiling upwards 
than to u^ who W' le goiug duwri The 
alpt6t ot 'hii glen was mc ancholv and 
cppfcnTive; a cliaracUr due indeed to a 

great majoiitv amon^tl 'be Highland 
i^ndfcapes, and lefuirin^ ''roiu the nature 
we aiivgnccd, btcamc at !cni>tb a kind of of the countrv, abounding in deep vaU 
liver, over which wc cn-Hcd by ircans leys, dufky iiioors, v;i!t lo^hb, and 
of a handfome bridge con0ru6lcd of ibc (cowling inouiuaii\^,cti\'t.Voy:.(i^\\.v^«^Tv\« 
fame material as the aftle, i b/ackifh ly in fo^s, *t\A \u ct\<.cW\ vau\ <i~>^\t^ 
\Liod of marble iMifed Iwtu a «^ujfrv io aod hollows, it\*«.i\jct4Uft^ ^^k\^J v^ ^N^^ 

411 On thi Ophlr and Tarftiilh of the Old Tcftamenl. f Mjir. 

roar of torrents, or the moaning winds, 
and deftitute generally of every objed 
mod welcome to man's focial fpirir; the 
comfortable cot, the neat farm-houfe, 
the ornamented feat, cuhivation under 
all its cheering appearances, zm\ all the 
dninaating founds and (igns of afiive life 
and full inhabitatioiu Seldom even can 
that beautiful extemporaneous elfulion, 
''Here pipes the fong-thrulh, and the (ky- 

lark here 
Scatters her loofe notes on the wafte of air," 

which, though not to be found amongil 
his printed Works, once ctrtmnly efca- 
|>ed the Mufe of brayj find room for 
application in a country where the note 
of any (inging-bird is rarely to be heard. 
In truth, fucn fcencs of folitude aAd ii» 
lence, however fublime or magnificent 
thev mav be, or however they may at 
firft tfitSi the mind, lofe, like moft 
things elfe, bv repetition, much of their 
power to pleafe. We emerged then from 
this gloomy fojourn at leait without re- 
gret; and, after having turnsd the ex- 
tremity of LochloBg (another loch com- 
municating with the fea), the road, 
winding lound a little village towards 
the left, and mounting up the heights, 
afforded us a more perfed profpe6^ of 
the mountains one behind another, cluf- 
tertng clofe about Glencrow, with their 
fummics, fome of them more craggy, 
broken, and uncouth, than any we bad 
clfewhcre feen. 

(To he contimted) 

Mr. U R B A N , CamhrUgt, Mareb 1 1 . 

FEW queilions tn geography or hif- 
tory have occafioned iuch diver* 
fity of opinions as that relating to the ' 
04)hir and Tarlhtfli of the Old Tetta- 
ment. That clafi of writers, who fup- 
pofe them to have been in Africa, is 
fubdivided into feveral others: fome 
place them on the coaft of the Mediter- 
ranean, fome in Ango!a, and others, 
with more probability, on the South-eall 
coaft of that Continent. Of the latter, 
one party has 6aedon fume of the Afri- 
can iQands i another on the coaft of 
Melinda^' near the Equator | and a 
third, and very large clafs, prefers So- 
fala. Mr. Bruce has adopted both the 
laft-mentvoned opinions, placing Tar- 
ihifl) on the coaft of. Mehnda, and 
Ophir at Sofala. (From i Kings x. aa. 
and a Chron. ix. zi.) It has been gene- 
ra^\y concluded by the leained writers 
**/jo have difcuffed this queftion, tho' 
peihaps without fufBcicnt reafon, that 
M Beet could not ptrfotrn a woyag'c fiom 


the IflhmdK^f Suex to one, or both, of 
tbefe pracet, and return in lefa than 
three years : this leading mark in tbc 
voyage to Tarfliifli w^s lon^ liace up- 
ticed, as aflPording a ftrong prefu nptiom 
againft the ctaims.of either Melmda or 
Sofala; both wbich appear, oo a firft 
view, to be too near the Red Sea, to 
require fo lonj^ a vnvage. Mr. Bruce, 
on the contrary, maintains that this ve- 
ry circumftfince affords a deci(i«e proof, 
that Ophir was at Sofala. His argu- 
ment, which it certainty recommended 
by novelty at leaA, has been much ap- 
p.auded, and pronounced by very ab^ 
judges to be abfolutely deciftvc of the' 

Dr. RobenfoD, in his *<Htftorteal 
Difquiiition concerning ancient India," 
fpcalcs of this queftion, and of Mr. 
Bruce's difquiHtion, in the following 
terns : 

"In what region of the earth we 
•* Ihould fearch for thcfe famous pons, 
•* which furniflied the navy of Solomon 
** with the various commodities eoume- 
« rated by the facred biftorians, is an 
*• inquiry that has long exercifbd the in- 
<< duftry of learned men. They wcfv 
« early fuppofed to be (iiuated in 
« fome part of India, and the Jews 
'< were held to be one of the nations 
** which traded to that country. But 
** the opinion more generally adopted 
** is, that Solomon's fleet, nfttr pafling 
*< the ftraits of Babelmandeb, held their 
" courfe along the Sourh-weft coafl of 
« Africa, as far as the kingdom, of Sc- 
<* fala, a country celebrated for its rich 
" mines of gold and filver, and abound- 
<< ing in all the other articles whrch 
<' compofed the c4rgoes of the Jewifli 
« fliips. This opinion, which ttic ac- 
<< curate refcarches of M. D'Anville 
** rendered highly probable, feems now 
** to be cftabliflied with the utmoft cer- 
« tainty by a late learned traveller; who, 
** by his knowledge of the monfoons 
*' in the Arabian gulf, and his attention 
*< to the ancient mode of tiavigatioo^ 
*' both m that fc^, and along the Afri* 
** can coaft, has not only accounted for 
V the extraordinary length of time, 
'* which the ftccts of Solomon took in 
" going and returning, but has (hewn, 
*' from circumftancei mentioned coo- 
** cerning the voyage, that it was not 
*' made to any place in India.*' 

It may be proper to give a fliort ftate- 
meot of this rcal'^ning, which the great 
\\\(lot\aT\ V\a^ c.rkt\<AA«tA ^\ c<»tvclulive, 
ucdi'iv "xn '^/!Lt , ^v»^ct'^ viot^s \ 


1 794*] (ki'fhi bphir Md Tarfliifh $/ th$ OM TeftamenC 223. 

<* 'Tbt xt^Am 10 Ophir wat cirried on that fach a wiod atealty ** blows vp 

" horn the Elanitie gulf through the << the gut of MadeEafcar to ip« South 

<*:lB4ia« Ocean. The time of the go- «< Latitude." (See hit treattfe on thn. 

'^il^^nnd coniing of the fleet wai pre- Monfoont of India, p. an). 

'^Mf thren veart. at no period more Indeed then of a vovage of three 

**-ttorl«rft." Having .that Ihewn that ycart» a fliip might fail from the Ifth* 

an - vovngey except to India, could bn mnt of Suei about thn end of Septen*- 

HiaiM bf anf fpecilin lime, nod that n ber, and dear the Red 8ea in the be* 

iMfnge 10 India m^eired only a jear» he ninning of November: at this time« n 

4tel- proves that *' Sefain it under North- eaft wind blows over the whole 

H ir««h leftriAiooa from monfoont, that tniA of the Indian Ocean* between thn' 

"f tinee yenra em nbfoluieLy ncceflliry to mouth of the Red Sea and Sofala i thin 

* pnrfform thn voyage,- that it needs no would convey a fliipto SoFala, not only 

*f OMrCp ntfd camiiot be done in without being detiined half a year ac 

^ ftcet*^ Mocha« near Mr. BrnGe*sTarihiih« biic 

■Thin left prapofitieft rcfts on two without nny . interrnptioe whauvert 
ftlfii afWmptions,- which make a diflfcr*' having reached Sofafa in one of the 
ofelmoft twoyears in hiscaicuU- winter mooths, it would be detained 

uoo. The firft is, that a fleet muft iie- then till the beginning of May ; when 

hnlf n year in clearing the Red Sea from the monfeon changeSf and a regular 

the Ifibmus of Suex, end another half South •weft wind blows from Sofala ta 

yonr in returning np it* This fuppoli- the mouth of the Red Sea, which 

tloB is nbfolucely ncccflary, in order 10 would carry n fleet without interruptioo 

mnke out three complete years. to Cape Gardef<«n ; though one traveller 

The ieeeiid nflumption, on which fyfpolis H ^mn Mmmid bf wnwfnnt mt 

km Bruce*a propoBiion refts, is, that mtiim^ ^The flieet would not bea^e to 

^ f*'nnoQHiious monfoon, " on the enter the Red Sen lUi November^^ben 

Eift toaft of Africa, blows np the moolbon in that lea ^for the delinc- 

1^ gm of Madagafcar at Notth Eifl, ation of which the ppbiic is obliged to 

4«rinjr'tbe fnmmcr months, from April Mr. Bruce), changes, and a South wind 

an Ooober } end S >u(h Wefl, during fets in, which conveys it to the Iflhmua 

the ivinierr from Oduber to April f in a year and two or three months after 

thei^ IB cnolequeiice of thb law of the iu departure. 

Bfndni^fcarmoiifooD, a fleet, after he* Mr. Bruce, in treating of the Mada- 

▼ing lailed for f he moucn of the Red gifcar moofoon, has not only made a 

Sea in Novembcf, is detained a'l the fuppoficioo contrary to the authority of 

winter by a contrary wind ar Mocke, every writer on the fubjcA : but it is an 

3 deg. South Latitude, and all the fum* extraordinary fad, -that his reafooing 

mer at the iame place, on its return from and conclufions are contradicted by his 

Sofila* own map. That be Ihonid have ima- 

Now this monfoon really blows all gioed a ^onfooe which no writer has 

the months of the ye^Tt in diredlions defcribed, and nature has not yet pro- 

dtre^ly pppoTice to'thofe which Mr. duced, may not be thought utterly in- 

<Bruce's demonftratiun fuppotet. From credible : but, that the wind fliall blovr 

.April to 0:^obcr, the wind is South- one wty in his diflertation,. and another 

■wefl (fee Halley, and the writers who in his map, feems whimdcel beyond 

have fallowed him), and from 0£kober meafure : nod can only be «ccounud 

•to April, North-eaft. Uallcy, iadee^, for on the fuppofltion that the ariews of 

not able to obtain fatisfaiWy in-* hit map were exafity copied from Hat- 

formation of whatuinds b!ew in this ley's old chart (which is really the 

qunrier during the winter montbi; and cafe)! and ttifit in hit diflertation he had 

Mr. Parkmfon, the taieft hydronatic^i not (ufiiciently attended to fuch refpeft* 

writer, after noticing the bouth-welt able aucoohty. 

ia fummer, adds, *' but the dire£iion Our learned traveller, to fupport his 

^ of the wind, during the other lix philofopbical argument, has called in 

'< menthe, is nut certainly known." the aid ot etymology: bat the etymolo* 

Haiiey, however, ventured to delineate gical argument mud fliarc the fate of 

n North- eaft wind in his chart between its fellow. He obferves that there are 

3^and 20** South Latitude ; and Captain three peaces of the name of Mocha, 

Forrefl, who appeais to be ihoioughly that the meaning of Mocha in the £thi« 

acquainted with tbcfc Icas^ informs us opic is a prifon i th&t thiaauut <% ^h^tw 

will to be put up by hii executors : the 
Eaft window to be glated wirh the ftory 
of the domt (Li, the geoeral judge- 

224 0\d\aim\ Epitaph. — Coughton Houfe. — Otfery St. Mary, f Ufar. 

to thefc three pltceSf becaufe in all of from Evefliam * abbey, I am at a toft to 
them Ihips are imprifoned by monfoons ' conceive. The drawing furnifhes none* 
for feveral months in th^ year { and he The principal and moft haodfoine gatt 
adds that a veflel, in full fail for Sofala, of that tbbev ftill remaiot there. Dug* 
is met off the coaft of Melinda by tbe dale fays, <' Sir Oeorire Throckmorton 
anomalous monfoon, and forced into bui't that (lately cafl I e- like gatehoufc of 
Tarfli.fh* where fhe is imprifoned for freeflone at Coughton, intending, as ir 
^"jit months in the Mocha there. (hould feem» to hare made the reft of 

'Asthis lad imprifonmeot of the (hips his houfe fuitable thereto," before the 
can only be cffefle^ by the imaginary id of Mary, in which year he diedw 
monfoon of Mr. Bruce, and not by any The paintings in the chancel win. 
wind in nature, it will not be neceffary dows at Coughton, which B. T. fayt 
10 «iotice any conclufioos that may be '' were ctrtainfy frOm the abore abbey,*' 
derived from it. Dug^dale tells us, were ordered by bit 

Whatever becomes of Mr. Bruce's 
reafonings, the opinions, which it is 
brought to fupport, may be jud { and 

a circumftance, which he has noticed, of ment), the Esift window of the North 
an Abyflinian writer having mentioned atle with a reprereniation of the f§v§m 
a prince of Tarfliilh on the coaft of facraments^ and that of the South ailc 
Melinda, will (if there be no miftake with the /ftYjr «uari(/ o^M/r^r. Whe* 
in the name) afford an additional ar- ther thefc are the fubje^s " recom« 
gument in favour of thofe opinions. mended to the partic ilar notice of 

W. W. cwery Antiquary" by B. T. he can bcft 
— tell us ; for, as to myfelf, 1 have never 

Mr. Urban, March 7. feen them. If they turn out to be the 

THE epitaph of Oldham the poet is above fubjefts, it is not likely they were 
thus given by Mr. Throfby, in procured from E elham, or any other 
bis new edition of Thoroton : religious houfe, but painted on purpoCe. 

<' In this church was buried yun^ The armt ** lately ftanding in the win* 
Oldham, a poet of merit. Tbe follow, dows of the church, being only fuch a« 
ing was written by William earl of had been fet up at the new giaaing of 
PiirrepoHi ^, who was Oldham's patron them in Sir 6. T'« time, Dugdale pur- • 
pnd admirer: pofely omitted, in regard they were do 


JoH. Oldhami Poetae, 

43U6 nemo ficro furore plciiioTy 

nemo rebus fuhlimior, 

aut verbis feliciiis audax ; 

cujus famam omni asvo 

propria fatis confecrabunt carmina* 

Quern inter ^rimos^ honoratiffimi GulieUni 

. comitis 

de Kiogfton pacroni fui amplexus Variolis 


heu ntmis immatura mors rapuit^ 

& in coeleftem iranftulit cliorum. 

Katus apud Shipion in agro Gloceftrenfi, 

)fi aul^ San6li Edmundi Oxonix gradoatos. 

Objit die Decembris n^mo^ 

A. D. 16839 aetacis 30." 

Biftiop Bridges, Woud teds us, was 
a Cambridge man, fellow of Pembroke- 
ball, and dean of Salifbury, 1577, a 
learned man, and wrote (everal books 
(Ath. Ox. I. 711) ; bifliop of Oxford 
1603 ; died 1618, aged 90 (Godwin, p. 

other than fucb as bt in tbt numdoiiff 9/ 
tbe manor. bou/if whereof he had taken 
ncuicc." Warw. ed. Thomas, 755, 756. 
Wat the houfe (inilhed agreeably to the 
gateway, and bv whom ? 

T. B. will find a crofs fomewhat (imi* 
lar to that in Flatholme, p. 123, in pi. I, 
IV. of crolTet tn the Sipulchial Monu* 
ments of Gieat Britain in the belfry of 
Winterborn chapel, imbolt in wood, on 
a plank formerly ufed as a graveftone, 
from a drawing in the College of Arms. 
It may be worth enquiry after, as the 
drawings ef Dugdale and Aflimole, ia 
the iaft century, are not ftri£tly confo* 
nant to accuracy. 

My notes, taken at Ottery St. Mary 
176$. delcribc the monuments referred 
to by your correfpondent S. F. as "un« 
der the fccond North arch from the or- 
gan, a heavy Gothic arch, on a free« 
ttone altar-tumb, an armed knight, his 
arms crolTed, and fword drawn in his 
VVhat poffiblc reafon beyond fr<r^/i//V« "g^t hand, a doublc-iailed lion at hit 
can be affigned for fuppofing the gate fcf^ »°<*» »n the arch oyer him, rofcs in 
of Ctugbtom houfe, p. 117, was brr.ught flj^lds* ppf^^*'^^ *° ^*^"» * f>niilar mo- 
■ numenr with a woman, i aving two dof^s 

* WWiMm Pierrtpoatf evl of Kiogdon, * Not /f^(h«D| u nufpriot^. 

17940 i^A»tfi««i/i^/OttcrySt,Mary.— LandaC — Margamyft%. 22^ 

Mr. Urban, Stratford, March iz. 
t AM much obliged to T. L. of FUcl- 
i buiy, for his very accurate Ikeich of 
Sir J( hn Throckmortoo'^ gateway at 
Cnughton, anti requcft he will fav.^uf 
the publick with a drawing of the itrj 
beautiful and antique tower of the auja- 
cent par'Jk-cburcb, In Dr. Thomas's 
edition of Dugdaje, 1". L. will find a 
full account of the original painted glafs 
In Cou^hton church ; the ftven Rosnifa 
fjcramcnts are cniirely dcftroycd, and 
theic DOW rcmaics, I atn forry to fav, 
only a few frag-ncnis of painted plafs la 
the Chancel. The very beautiful Go:hi^ 
arches of the chancel arc well wonhy 
the infpe^ion of every archiicfV, as x« 
old RomiOt confci'IionaMx)X, which fiill 
coniinucj in ihe church, the infpcflioa 
of every lover of Antiquities. 

Y.jurs, &c. Antiquaril's, 

at her fee:, and two anpels at her head.*' 
Rifdon thu4 dcfcribes them, p* 31 : "In 
the bodv of the church, betwixt two pil- 
lars* mrfbed pyramid- wyit^ it the pro- 
t>ortion of a man cut in ftone, and c:ip- 
a-pee. with a lion couchant a; his feet. 
OppoGtc hereunto, between two pi! Ian, 
femklabif artbidy it laid the prupr;rii<)n 
of a man cuiituifly cut in (lone, lome 
time iioce fairly adorned with coat-ar- 
ipourv I both DOW defaced by time. 
Tiadition laycth (for neitlier of them 
have any iof€ription).-that one of them 
>,vas :o the memory of William Orandi-' 
fooy father of the bi(fiop; the o:her to 
the honour of Sibyl, his wife, mother to 
the bilbop, one Of the co*ht:irs of Jo^.n 
Trcgoze, of Caille Ewias, io McretoiiU 
ihire, whom he married by the f?vourc>f 
the carl of Lancalter, with whom he 
came into England; and under a (pa- 
cioui marble almolt cofered with brafs, 
yet the infcription ftole away, lierh one 
Graodifon interred, a near kinfman to 
the aforefaid bifhop." P- 33. 

Your corrcfpvmdcnt (ay<(, " Riftlom 
and Princt, the once famous hi Dorians 
of Dcvonfbirc, tcli us, that the bohzoti' 
tal figure! under the cupola were kmii^bti 
umptan. They ceriainlv might have 
been the repreicntatives of owe of the or- 
ders though the leg he not croJ'ed\ hut, 

Mr. Urban, 

AT LanJof there is a pigct 
of a iin»ular cnnnru£)iiM). 

hi a' eh a. 


, . Ar ht»ft: 

iieht it has fomc rcfrmblance of a carht- 
driil, and it iccms intended as a burlcdiiie 
on what ought to be looked upon with 
veneration. There it; a r.a»e, two ailes, 
and a choir; and the laircr \% fitted ud 

with a feat, in which a bifhcip may he 
tVom every record on paper j and infor- J^PPofed to fir, prcbendal liiills, a defk, 
maticn from the fitujtion of thcfe rw- ""'l oulpit : you are, however, f-on un- 

hiems, and the rca;:erc<i fbicUls of Gran- 
difon, who in Jome formsr crntury was 
Liflio^uf Kxc'*:i, Hz, it mav rciic.n.bly 
be tupnoled th:.: tiielc aic cnncaphs 
cre6\cti in ho.Tf ur vA \\\% a:T.i 11.0- 
liiti. Th'JV a:c plac-.d in faraiUl di- 
redionif and or.e \> cviilcntly ihc hiiutc 
r.f A wunian." S l'"*> cufola is either 
the nrcb of ihe tburcbt or the ear.opy 
of the monument. Khipht: templar i 
liciihcr cf tile hgurts itprclcntj wh:-c 
<»-.htr orders b. F- cciiccives, it is imoof-. 
fjhlc K*y iAv, or what he means *)y rrtuKts 
OH paftcr^ or by errt/t^m^. T\\c fiiitl^.s 
ot G undifon aic in or)!*,!- pa is cf t^is 
chtuch. wli en vva- inatic c liri'ia.e n^y 
Uy B:ftio;"> Gr-indifo ., \\\\o a. i'".^iic 
)iavij c*ti!y knovva was h.<?v)p tf Exeicr 
from 1327 t(i 1 362. lie flijald ha<e toUl 
us whtrc Mr. PrJiice nv;n!ior,cd thc!e 
ritcnum:'n>, tor he ll:t^ i.^>t an article 
to:' Gundil* n. F .r r'lTfjtntativtSy in 
the fid'ovv :-,g p.tra^,ivnii, \\c niult read 
rerKutni, 7 he brals fijurc iiitniionetl. i)/ 
Ki'w.n lav, 17^5. Ml me tlxfictl, ^\m\ Ij 1 
a niun>a:eci inferipti^m, w.iiiuui, a i)4.';)c, 
for a dean and ch?nccll'^i. i), |1. 

Oent* ^yJ.'.c. Mari:h, '7^4- 

deceived, hy ffp-njj the number of pi- 
geons which are flying al> 'Ut, or ptrch'rd 
on the pulpit, &c. ami bv the quantity 
ot thtir dung <n tiie flo r, Uaiss Sec. 
Indeed there arc other things which 
woulil not at ail accord will, tnc idsa f.f 
a ca lii'lrii; fuch «.% the do'.»r n, 
the Venetian wind.;u>, .ind rhc ftucco 
ornamtrit.i oi x\\v roof — No bhmc, ic 
Ibould be added, Mr. Un-.Ti), can a•^^ch 
to the chief pcrlon, a im-.-u- is n© duul»C 
the place is kc,^t cican cluri-ig the fcwv 
days in the vc^r that hi is t!i:ir. 

Margamabt-fy iK-lonfrs to a pentleinan 
oJ lary.e lorcuie. He^ju^ j-jllc.i d.vvft 
il.c 'viv.cj.ini -lij'jlc, u/:v! elected a p.rrtij- 
hviutc (or ill tTangc-irees, at one muI of 
vviiifh is a room laid to »)e detitii-ed f r a 
lil>Mr\ J and, ar ifie ctitcr, one Ocligr,tj 
tohcui fU;ue-. The\*liolt front ii .m>ouC 
327 focr. IJe has luid out a goc u iltal of 
lnontv m 'he purcl,;i.\- of anfqje i>a.ue«y 
which aie iti 1 in thtir ci*.r^ h.. tui cd 
iht bt-utitul ch.iprci houfc tut: a Oat>!c 
ti.r red deer, and lulfcrcil pan o! the ro.f 
t.> lA'l-iii for ^vant ot its Lc-n^' k-. ;it dry. 

5L%6 Rdlgtom CuJIm ofjicorating fVells^ £^r.--Cowdray Houfi. [Mar* 

Mr. Urban, March j. ' 

YOUR correfpondent F. J. hiving 
given a ihort aecoum, p. iiSt ot 
the cudom Aill prevalent at Trfllingtonv 
in Dert>v ihtrc, of decorating the wells on 
Holy Thurfday with houghs of trees and 
|;arUnds of various fluwers, Scc.i and 
being delirous to know what was the ori- 
gin of this cation), and vilkther there is 
any other of the like kind in the king- 
dom, pleafc to inform bim, that it was 
anfientlv no uncommon praflice : antl 
tao pUces in the county of Stafford in-' 
Oanttv occurred to my recolle£(ion, vi^ 
Brewood and Bilbrook, where ihPe fame 
cuftom was obferved of Utc vears, if not 
at the prefent time. And 1 believe the 
fame kind of ornaments were ufed to de- 
corate all Oof pel- places, whether wells, 
frees, ct hills. In F^opiiHi timet this rt^^ 
(pe£t wa> paid to fuch wells as wera eml- 
tfent for curing diHempers upon the 
fsint's-day whore name the well bore, the 
people divening them fe Ives with cakes 
and ale, routick and dancing; which 
was innocent enough^ in comparifon of 
what had l)een/forBi«rly pra^il'ed at dlf' 
fcrcnt pl.'.ccs, when afven the better fort 
of people placed a fandity in themi 
hrou^hb alms and offerings, 'and made 
^ows at them, as the anticnr Germans 
and Britons did, and the Saxons and 
iingliih were too muf li inclined to ; for 
v.>hich St. Edmund'* well near Oxford, 
an(i Sr. Laurence's at Pete rhorough, were 
v>nce fxmeus.^ This fuper(\itious dtvo- 
lion, wi^ich was ealled Wilpeojipun3a, 
i.e. wcU-worfhip, was not approved of 
\t^ the heads of the chureW, and was 
-iirl£ily pro^iibiced by our AngUcan coun- 
iil-; : I. under Edgar (Can. i6, in 
l/imbarri's Coilc^iiun); 2. under King 
Canute (in bpclman's Council;, torn. 1. 
pAit. II. cap. V.) ; 3. in a council at 
J o)n(Ji-Hi, trader St. Anfclm^ srchHifhop 
gi* Csi^erbtrry, iiOa (Labh^'^ Councils, 
ti,m. X.) ; t^ it was alCrv paiticularly a< 
rl.ok- two wells near Oxfoui and at F(- 
/rr'i.uiuugh by Oliver Sutton, bifliop of 

i nin g'^'tly obliged for the compH- 
.menc paid me by the author of a very 
full and co: Tfaittlni; account of Cow* 

clrav^oui^t ^^^* I'XIII, p. 99-7; and 
>k3ve t'rrqtientlv regretted, fince the fad 
dellruf^ion of th^t noble adiftce, that my 
tiiAinc iccounr of it in the Topographer, 
;\)l. IV. p, 279, was not more pcifc£l{ 
pairi£iil4riy as I \ra^ indulged hv the 
.}|fW4i«i vvifh a preferr of a l»rge printed 
r:ri]of[Ui. ct ri'.ni njofl aiiPTahie collec- 
://a of pi6}urt*, \wutcU fft/bably BOW is 


hfclf a curiofitv* Could I have forefera 
the dreadful fate which, almoft at tba 
fame period, cverladiogly buried that 
magnificent placo and ics late owner in 
two fuch oppofite elements,- fiie and wa- 
ter, my utmoft exertions ihould the it 
have been ufed to perpetuate them. A»' 
k v/M, I confcfs my acceuot was merely 
fubreryient co the engraving which ic 
aocompanied, thoush (onoc pains had 
been taken in copyinj^ the monumental 
infcriptions of the ramily» printed in the 
preceding pages 06 that volume of the 
Topographer. As I believe my drawing 
ef Cowdray is the only ortc ever engiaw 
ved in Mi pcifeCi ftate (though I per- 
ceive one, taken m the fame peint oC 
view, fmcc the iire, is pobliibed in your 
prefent volume, p•l^)• tbatplkice, now 
tn the polFtflion of a friend at the Tern 
pie, iball be at your fervice whenever it 
may be thought en acceptable embellillh* 
mcnt to your excellent Miicellaoy* 

In Sir William Burrell's very valuable 
Col led ions for Sulfcx, 1 was highlv gra* 
tified, lift fpring, with the fighi of fcvr- 
ral beautiful drawings of the above place, 
particularly an infide view of the Great 
Buck-hall, fo called from a number of 
thofe animals which furiound it, as large 
as life. Thcte,. together with a vail va« 
nety of other hishly-finiihcd drawings 
in all parts of that delightful country, 
were taken for the above GoiIe£Hon by 
the excellent xrtift Mr. Grimm; and vak 
decidedly ihr beft topographical orna- 
mentft for anv one oouniy yet exiftinfr. 
Yuurs, &x. S. Shaw, Jun. 

Defence of Da. Gedoes, 
(CunclutUd^ Jr9m /. i33.> 

J^I. feems to think ic a difg^ace 
* in Dr. Geddes, that hs '\% not 
a perfe6t Roman Catlniiic, but, like 
Efrffmus and Pope, between a Ro- 
man Catholic and a Proteftant. He is 
certainly not a bigot to any fe^ ; but 
this cannot be a reproach. The follow- 
ing lines, which i addrefled to him 
fume years ago, on his ironically calling 
himfelf a Papi(^, are infenedhcre, not 
from vanity, but for the fake of vindi» 
eating a chara6^er, which an anonymous 
•afl'affin tiies in v<iin to injure. 

Why IhouKl the l':ai*iied, l«b* GedUes 

Himfelf a Pufiif^ and himfcif defame } 
No f^pifi ^e^e,— a Catinlie vie find, 
A Chripian ftiejij ^ frrjl tf «// mankinJ, 

This encomium, which fiom a fhort 
ecqMainrance i then thought, I now, 
b^ longtx]^ntnct,Wiv^v^tQ be hit due. 

t794-] ^> dediki itfattUi Agtni^ Hfir Cbargtt •/* J. Mi Mf 

ojiinioni not eontntj to (he ScripntrcJ 
arc flttadcd on rfac IluDf ■nlkfartfttt^ 
pnnciplc: thcf, «4ia nnplov Rich ar 
■ttf Mbft ncu< «f MtftettUqp, ItDOW 

BMwbat tnngir Dr^itetfiBjr ttc oK, 
But k' H «ot ftnnge, tfaat ■ Ctri/liMf 
Aovld be'ttat mMrj^tn 
•f bugn t It ti act AraMc; iImc ■ 
GtriiliM fliqald be txatanAhy lUmm^ 
H^vinMrt la'd cAu/' fridlt i JtMNUf /•- 
writarj aod tkhf friifi M tit «4br 

tl JtMh. 

Tbc'ApoSdicVicin infbna H(Ak 

IwfaN tbtj Mrniporcd their hotoui Paf- 

tonl loiter, thtf iDvoktd the IpeeU 

■HiBaBcepf tbe Holy Gfcdfti IF fo, tlw 

Holy €boft feema m bare bm dcif t» 

^a»eaaran<trtei)ge. ibnr entrtatiFi. He ii a Spirit of irip 

ya^^iir iriiifi taii/Hia Irxt don and Hidqt&aillUil;; of both ivhkb 

Jtff k» Vc^oirea, ibit the ma& feicrc rc^uitilM their. ciJinpolltlo«4a4efiiiuK. 

«a »lhr« » ttqnld be icbrrcd fot the noft He ii i fipifit of wace apd lo*c, aaj 

-WMOrf oSeacctt bat ia the KoniOi tbcir periofgwce braadtei warfare aiA 

xftncfe h ia Mbcrwifei rtFenp. He ii a Spirit of nnaBimiiir 

f t^fin alimim. aad concord | laj tb* want af > tMrtft ~ 

that the korriii fi^niturer in' thair' ccafiue, bctnjy 

Jdti baa incur- dilcnrd and dia^fioB. 

ofihebcidiof Thfj teil ut,' thaubcrmlgltcd dir 

raaonkhii (!• <wn of their moft Ifirwd dLriaci^, If 

jr cccl^fitllical thh It a Ipeciacn of tha Jtoowledgc tt 

iCbriQiaaiijM. their nioft laarMd ditiaei, ^c^aow^ 

^dn of bcb f f.tbtir^iTiaea aa are dm 

eotcluile, (hat Ica^ leaM«d mod be CaA aa paCech all 

difcoTC red fame DodeiSaading. I,*! ihem bewara hov 

want of atitlhT or fidelii; in ihc tranf- thtjr traofgrcf* the la«i for, oeilhcr 

tatorof the Biluc, when the) prafErihed ibeji, ocr their fbllowerf, muA cipe^ 

Sli*TerfioD( but hit abilitj ind bdtbty any frs^ft rfittrgf. Their learnia^ 

tn eSablUbed on a much EiriticT bafli a* well ai tliat of the /^poAol'it Vieara^ 

■thao their tpptebatian j and they an fcemi to be cf a pi«pe with that of thy 

7M to gtre tlyc world the firft proof <]f ynncipal OoAor of their f hureb, who 

jlheir capaCitT to extniac faia worth. tnaintained, that it U a greater tin to ter 

The Apo8oliGy)cBnai«not coatent ^re to wotlbip Id^i than to frequent 

Kuh prahiUtiDj tb« reading of 13r. the ftcni. 

•Gc(Mea> traDflaqiv, which ii niatla 5- Af. iafmnftea, fitat pr. Cedd^ 

front the original, and not, like that at wat not much countenanced by the ' 

Mftoi ip the handi of ibme Catholic*, Va'trtrRij of Olford, when he lately 

from a tm^Eion ; but they ofiiEr a grof* lifited that place, I have good sutho- 

^afult to civil and retigioui liberty, aa Hi; for bjitiz, that be eiperieneea 

jarelJ a* Iocooudod fcnlr, by forbidding much poliiitierii and had acctl'i to (he 

it to be read for wiot of the formality different Irbrarfee, the fble objcA of hi^ 

«f a f^>ift lAccnce, Bformaliiyonly oa- T-ifit. Had it beej) olherwlfc, it would 

Served in couatrici where there it fome iiare rcfleacd difgrac^ on the UnirerR- 

^rt of an inqaifitiop ; a fanntlit; caU ty i.tfelf ^ and not op a difthiguiAcd 

?)latad tor the' latitadei of Italy and Ibholar, wfio neat rbither on tfa moft 
pain, bnt not (or ihe meridian of I.oo'- hnnoonbU afijd moft- imMrtant of all 
don. However, IhouM my CDiinrrymcn pDrfuiit, thK oiF coHcCling ireafnrrt 
^low a cooTt of in^uitition to be creA- for hit trin^atioa of the coveBinti he- 
ed in thiikingdotn,'thc dieadfnl tnliri^- twecn Ood and man, 
tacata of tortare, taken From the Spa- If wai not to be expefted, that evtrj 
>ilb Armada, whicli sow lie rtiAing in FrbieAani UAi«CT&V]''ncu\A\T[m.UK~OD& 
'tbe Tower, IM/ btrpplied to rhe uft Tnnduft ol thtUaWet^Wt oV KewOMni^ 
ttf tie Eaglilh, Ar iWiom tiie Pcpifc which, unfo\ic««A, cotAt'ttA «» >xwK 
frkaiMt tiiii iaieoOtd them. EeettA' thejlegiet <A YioQLW ^\ ij«,^».»w\*«»* 
M0MU ^ofari; paaitt »a a£|joa« or OM diffsnivew ^wc> Mv ^^^^'^^^ 

aa3 Dr. GedJes dtfeniti againft ibi Charges of ]. M. [Mau 

conferred by any other Proteftanr Uni- tiality to iny particular communion of 

Verfitv, on a Bntilh Catholic, fincc the Chriftiani. 

cxpulfion of the Stuart race. If Dr. Geddci diG|pprovcd of the 

Y(»ur correfpondcnt fcems to admit, high tide of nftitious loyalty which 

what even his alTurancc is afliamed to \va» excited by a temporary delufion, 

deny, that Dr. Gedden's noble patron (o did all other fenfible and difintercfted 

might be conunt to take his flation in men, of erery pirtv , and tvtn its au- 

focietv according to his talents. He is thors art now a.{hamed of it. 

^tul/i, dum Hfitartt vi/i::, in ccntraria eurrunt. 

It h the firft lime we have heard of a 

glowing fpirit darting through the p'i> 

vcrty and tamenefs nfc verfe : this is as 

great a paradox as it would he, tu (ay 

that J. M. 's Arcngih confifts in the 

_ weaknefs uf his >indL-i landing, and his 

cite a prejudice ag^iind Dr. Geddcs, for wifdom in the folly of his remarks. If 

his having exprtfTed an opinion, that Dr. Gcddei approved of the firA Ffen;;ii 

nobility ought not to be hereditary, revolution, fo did every ttue Biiioo . ic 


confcious. th it Dr. Geddes's patron de- 
rives his chief diflin£iion from the fame 
fource as he did who bad b ten an em* 
per or ivt/bout bis croivn. But your 
corrtfpot^deot intimates, that thts doc- 
trine may not be acceptable to all our 
great families j and endeavours to ex- 

Nobiliiss fola eji, atqm unica, *v/r:us 
When your correfpondcnt can piove, 
that virtue is a natural heritage, ur an 

is probable that it would have proved 
i'uccefs^ul, ami have prevented the hor- 
rid crimes which have fmce difgraccu 

unneceiTary qualification, to thofc who humanity, had not a weak monarch 

make laws, and fct examples to man- 
kind, no man will be a warmer advo- 
cate for ao hereditary nobility than Dr. 

When Dr. Geddes aiferts, that church 
eAablifhments have been a continual 
fource of evils bcth to church and 
flate, he advances an unanCwcrable ar- 
gument againft the abufe of church 
cftabliihtncnts. When he reje£ls a fal. 
jible judge of religious coutroveifies, 
and acknowledges no authoiity bu: the 
Scriptures, eVery unprcjudic-d man 
mu!t approve his dtcifion. When he 
deriies ihat the fiifliop of Rome is fu- 
pi-rior to any other bifliop, or to him- 
jclf, by divine inHitutioo, he certainly 
r!id r.DX think of rot)thin£ the picjudi- 
ccs of the Uomtn C^tholtcs. Were he 
capable of condcfccndinj: to footh the 
pitjudicrs of eiihcr Catholics or Pro- 
tel*Miits, he might indeed draiu monfj 
out oj tbiir pockets p but he would be 
unwjfihy to be an intcrpicter of the di- 
vine oracles. 

No man is fit for that taHc, but one 
of a coKpreiunfive underilanding, ex- 
teuHve erudition, acute judgement, li- 
beral icncinicnt, iiiflLxiblc intc^.nty, 
and indu'peudcnt^fpirit. That Dt. Ged- 
des poflcfTcs tbefe (|u^ltRrations in an 
eminent degree is . proved bv the con- 
current tcAimonies of the bc-ft judges. 
It is well known, that he js not ready 

been guilty of perjury, through the 
perfuafion ot bigoted Romijb priejis. 
Our unfortunate J aincs the Second owed 
his rum to the latpc caufe. 

Your correfpondcnt pretends to en- 
tertain prtrpoile (lions againft Dr. Ged - 
dcb*s traniliti m; theft prepf-ircllioiis, if 
hcreailyenteitaiusany,may eatiiy be tra- 
ced to his blind adherence to Popery ; 
ami ic is well known that Poi>eiy prc'crs 
its own L'itin tranilation, not only to 
all other tranfl*tions, but even t » the 
original iifclf. — As to Dr. G.-ddcs's 
opinion, how far the Aprftles wcic in- 
fpircd, he himfelf has given, oi will 
give, every nccelfury fatisfadion en 
that head ; but 1 fuppofe your corre- 
fpondcnt would not ivilh it to be admit- 
ted, that rhcy were alwiys under the 
innucnce of divine iufpiraiion; for, we 
kfit^.v that St. Pxul oppofcd St. Peter, 
ti>c tutelar Saint of Roman Cathuiic;», 
to his face. — It is true that Dr. Geddes 
has underraken a more than mortal 
worki may Heaven alRH him in iti ac- 
compliflimcnt ! The tirH volume has 
long been before the woi Id ; and, did it 
contain any material imperteMions, 
neither friends nor foes are naming tu 
point liiem out. 

Your cnrreipondent v.'ou!d have aSled 
more to his credit, had he cxerLi'cd a 
candid criticilm on thac wt^ik, in which 
he b:is not detected a Tingle midcpieien; 

to fwallow all the abfurd creeds of any .tation, than in telling a dillinguiihed 


J)i^///uJ aJJ:c7us jural e in vcIj mjgifiii ; 

^Jte JiKfks on aU_ hum- a authority && 

Msjbjc, and is dttennncd to expound 

i/icScj'ftuusj wiihoui Uyo\At or par- 

divinc, ct uniiupudched hdclity, aUjd 
unfuliied reputati n, that bt '.'wilitruH 
him no farther thcti he can icf mm.''— ^ 
Set a ibtc/ to caUb a thitf v^^vV^^. t^uxc 

47^4; j Dr. GcJdids Jf fended agaifjl the Charges (/ J. !Vf. 275 

fi-hich is a difgrace to hi* o'vn c*nrar- been rHr common fatenf .I'l th. j'rcKtft 
ter, unlfcfs ii is dcfpic»Me indcc i. A bcne^iriors -f luanUnd to n>» ir w.ili 
retort, couched in the fir:ii ot \ ntcn drT.'^fon ird in^ irnr*) ttc h:i;c 
p'ovcrb, ntidinoaf) lo^y in this r.-ifc ; nnd {^^n(ii;i.t, ift:neial'\ npro (rrontu 
for, we arc dirtOtH by iht Prnvcio of. their fcrvice ; anH \\\\ x jiit-itir (-.rtice 
Solomon, to anj^er mfjolano^ding 10 can a waa I'U'ftr to 'h'- Mirld •hah to 
his Joiiy, hfi be jb§uU gr6iA, *wtji in b:s 
c^vM f§*iieiu 

Ho«\t«er» asb'dinan nature is fiillihte, 
Dr. Geddci may happen io commit Uttx.c 
errors in the cnurie of h-^ Mrdu'u^'piM. 
fuici but, whatever crrt'is Dr. Gcil.'.s 
may commit in his tr4nfl:iC'(»iT, they 
will not i>e likely to efcape the peiuir-t- 
cien aiid ftgaciiy of J. M. if he ii as 
well verftcTin the It Amid iaf^ua^ts a^ 
he is in the *tfut^ar ton^ur* 

The liicraiy vv<jrld h-N long ackno«v- 
led^ed, that no min is L> wcl quaiiiii'd 
for trannating the SciiptiirLS fiom the 
original as Or. Gcddci, i.ot only rimn 
his fuperior attauimtnts in« u ih;, 
but a'fo from his en!a:gcd uiu'ciliand 1.^ 
and finpular liberality (>f mind. lien' c 
he is honoured will; ri'bfci i^iioni, hv 
prrfuns of htgh rank m Ch nch anu 
State, by foreign prince^ as uell a: hiif'c 
of our own country, by ihc m'trt diltui- 
guifltcd chara.Veis wwv.t :cpuhlic of T^- 
Ci'ed liter^tuic, and by Ch>iHiiiri& (;f v,i- 
rious denomin^-.ions. R .i!cd to tiiis 
pre-eminence, it is not i. I)c |iipi>n^cd, 
^hrtt he Will unntctflirily d'.vert his .it* 
tention fiom \\\^ U-nous a'd iiupoit^int 
unHert^ikin.; ; and It:)' ]i (o lo>v ;is to 
regard the fcrup.c^ and anJM'.-i the 
fcuiriiity of cvcr^ ini{'crni)tnt I'ck'j'.: < r 
The gencious Itccd liurns \v»th \u:\A' 
tieoce to c[:c:>unter a fiiimid-ili-i nc ; 
but Ipurns with C'nteini-! :ii ilie v ii.'^e 
cur lu:k:n); at his IiClIs. 

I'ut, altl]0(>«^h I)i. (7«.dkics fliOM.'i! roc 
dcigu to 't}i!y I.) ;he :in-.ny:iiuus atcjck 
of cvtrv j;if.vclir.:; \vii:Lr, W', fur the 
fike of v! rtncy, fur :hc f.ik^: of cx:ini> 
pie, Ui( -Ii'.' <»f jbhuc, it is 'o he 
ir>ped, t .^r no lurkm, .ilfitlii:., wlio ^r- 
Icrn^-:* ri» i'.ibthv; c'l na'.'.t . : of an hi^icft 
man, V :|l ever tfc^rc wilhoiir a laft, 
Ft€*Uy it ttihvnii /.. d can:a*t Ui"^ u^ot. 

While I I ii::\ .iiiru-u-t r; t \,ii. t«ur 
of \«»ui coMiIji j.«!li.: d^^!nlr D., Kr.--.'.- 
duk to a d.ti eiicc oF o" n-i ii in uli- 
{>ion and pi'!itic>, I h-i . t. 1.0 Joubt but 
envy \\H-, fit; Mi- :i\ c '• ii'di p.oil)|>i(.d 
hini to :ir^ vn •.lem aitdc!;. 

Envy v..l[ ruc; it, -is t Ha.uI ■, pr.rf ?j, 
li^Cj like .t lhad..\v, {-:()\(.> ip.i iiiuila«xc 
I Hit*. 

Ljke (in envious c'lom}, hv tr'cs 10 

in ret ccpr. the ii^ht and ot.l tnc trie I ;- ( - 

iiz which he caunui cjju-.ii-.-. ii his 

reni'ivb the prejudices \« hici> ei (1 ivc the 
foul > 

If D" Ocddet, afjtr sr^iining fom^ 
ad*ari:«: ihc m n \ -i:e.idcd Ro- 
miih Hydra, :i.'is been aP.'Mri«' bv the 
fh-.f:s of rvil'cc, and v.c 'Meaih <jf 
envy, Irj h** « n!v Tvirsd tic 'Mr'unL- of 
hitii uhv^ ccnr]::' ud rhi otiier H\i^ra. 

Ronuhu^:, 9', li' p;iu;r, ct cum Caffurf 

I -Unx. [ci'rJ'f 

Pofl ii>f, . f.iifli. Dttisrum in l-^mpTi i'.-- 

Dmn tvi a-, li' n'..i:uni.M:e liI'ji i C""u-, iif- 

pt rj l.-iij 
Compoiiui.",;itio.'ai'fi..n.'i:it, *>ppii! ••oiu'^ 
IM"!'. V( re 1.1 s n»!i itfpf.nJtrc r'. '•'••: ti 
SjK'T'i'T II""- iiti- : drrrni r^\\\ c.i luJit Hj- 

N ■?'»cjMo la'Kl* piT'cnt! I i*vj:e inS-pit, 
Ctiniju^jl in\iih:nii fjp cmo fined- man. 
I'rit e-.nm li.l;c»rc liio, (p.ii pnrji.ivat :«-tot 
Jtifr.i f: pofit i<, exii» ^l is iimaSi ui* idem. 

Vi't'ifKin i'Ui Inme-n oiiimm. 

Si 1)1 iT. :\\ ex c ci 1 .'• qu3:rnnu> invi Ji. 

V/hcn r N^roic Jiie | ci«i'i.^: iipiv tA 
J. M V" rcirn'k*, f* ia.i t f!.ar I?r. 
Ctd ', s hn ! taktn fn:m fl t'ln m ticc of 
ore ..f tiir-n, v:£. iImU conc« ung ihr 
<!i *^:"JJ '■• m-'i ey «»ut ot the pockt-tb of 
iiijt:!.ii: "! ; ill s cor.vii <.cd ij:c il;e more 
:ii.»r l)u <1'»1 i."t I .';»!. i' \*' '!; whiir to 
;.nlv^ti* ail J- ^»S li! • i <*! Ttflcf^iuis. 
\\'"!icn tliis II '1. V'" • .:. tji^i to p-cC-, I 
vvd:> it.fni i:.Ci^ I'.tA: v- ui i.ricfp ni^vrit 
hid rn .dc" (oiiic '.ilic rem;'.*! <in r)r. 
(J'd.icj Ml ihc M z 7.'rf ».;r • ill ir.< vt\,, 
Oa pc uli'l, I'-tMJ, 1 i.iu!, II. ..r, |f I^i, 
Get'dc!* hit' r.-.i.cii ihc .i-lvict of J. M. 
and i'..:'nt(! :v.o^ l-.-int, if he ImiI t>ui:lu«l 
picju:!icL- und t-pc'»di.ii',tii itnpoUurc, 
he M'H'Jit tieriViJ iidv.inijj^c t«» 
i ii..''...i:, licive pickrd il c potktisof 
f II t icidt.ib : :)Ui h» won C h.iv'c a^tcd 
tm il:e ilie Ai'.«)fileJ, who ufiil'cd ti.e 
iiKinwV ot Siiiion IVIii^'Ub ; he w'c<;ji.l 
h'Vt .;incil nil ;ke a Ch: ifli.-n, .1 n.;ir '»f 
hi<ncj::r, ;::)d on hnnt'il man. lie ii • f 
a liiij"'. !lri'>n ton iki'dIc to court jNipu!.!- 
Iity, ..■ I ii.'t»v.tit jrain, ;;: tMe cxjtnce I f 
tiJ'i >-ii ;"f»e. He wjs rtvv jri , a^ ut:l 
as J. M. of il.c ^t-nCr d inu:!j •■Im nif 
iii:i.i;ir.u to fiivt ur tin Ic uho ai'ii^k 
titcii f.ivountc i.p:i.'.(ii) -, .md, h:d he 
bwi'i ;-c!u:irtl by h prln^-lple of fell i«i- 

*3^ /)<f«r^/ ^f Dr. Geddcs aginnft ]. M. — J. M*8 Reply. - [Man 

<ef truth ; and will (land firm to his en- (ingin this changeful fcene^ how would 

^gement, though it be to his injury, they blufli, to bear a Miniller of th^ 

The fame obfervat ion holds good in re- Gofpel advife another Minifler of the 

^ard to his recommending a nationcl Gofiiel to refrain fiom attacking the 

jreform. A national rtform is a naiional favourite opiaions of mankind^ in order 

ropontanes^ a confummation devoutly to to gratify their own fordid interefl I-v* 

jbe wifted, but little to be expe^Ud^ in They would paTs the ** fnterifi rM- 

profligate and degenerate times, when fvres*^" on futh a roan t they v^ould not 

juried 8 are not aihamcd to avow, xhat acknowledge liim to be ** m brotbir ;** 

we ought to ilaicer the prejudices of they would not acknowledge him to be 

mankind for the ii^^joidra^^nmi m/ouej aChrifliau, Tours, ^c John Ring. 

Mr. UxBAN, Wimchtfiir^ March i^ 

I SHALL offer no apology for con« 
(iderine ihe letter^ relative to thp 
controverfy between myfelf wHA Dr. 
Geddes, the firft part of which appear- 
ed in your U(l Number, under whatever 
fignature it may terminate, as the ge- 
nuine production of the Do6lor himitlf. 
I have already atiigned a caufe, which 

#»/ of tbsir pocktts. 

J. M. feems to thinlc it a proof of 
lenity in the Fopifli Biihops, that they 
did not prevent Pr. Qeddet's Tranfla- 
tion from being prittted and fold $ this 
is making a yirtu^ of neceflity ; they 
^ewed their teeth, "bat dared not bite t 
for, as to their cenfure, it betravs a wifl,, 
aot a power, to do mifchief. At a pre- 
ventive, I tru(lt it is fu^cient to ef • 

{H>re their injuftice to the good fen(e ^f ;rei;ms to be admitted, why this gentle* 

jthe Britilh nation ; for, 1 hope that Ca- 
thoUcf, as well as Ps^teftants, are be- 
come too eaJight«Bcd^ to be duped by a 
lew feMilh men, who fet up their own 
interefted opinions in oppofition to the 
word of God, in oidcr 4$ jiranu mongj 
aui of ibitr potkets. 

But, if Dr. Geddes difdains to flutter 
Cuperftition, he abhois tl^ idea of couc- 
(tcaancing infidelity. He fcorns aliKc 
^ pbilofopbtf* s flonti which has filled 
the pockets of Frtncb tvits, and thu 
which has enriched the ccffers o( Rtmijb 

J. M. acknowledges thatpr. Geddes 
has gi^eat taicnts ; he has alfo great 
temper; yet I advife J. M. not to pro- 
voke him too far, otherwife he wiil find 
him, as he fufipcCls, to be a trimwur. 

At the conciu(ion of his letter, J. M. 
givesa(peciroen of moderation, in words 
if di made ufe of by the Apodoiic Vicars; 
and then, with ujiblufhing front, alks 
if there ii any thing inquiTicorial in fuch 
language. By this he would wi(h others 
to believe what he does noc beliefe 
himfclf. In (hurt, 

— pergit ad imuro 
<^ualis ab inccjjKo proceflerit, et fibi«oollat« 

However I may differ from J. M. in 

other refpe'As, I perfcQly agree with him 

in this,— that it is not natural to ezpe£t 

«heRoman Catholic Bifliops will employ 

a pricft, «. ho refufes to xunfuU bis own 

privatt advantagit /» footb prijndkt^ 

4onctal trjab, and connttnanct impofurt^ 

Could the glorious mai^rs, whofuf- 

/erad powtrtf, jptan, disgrace, and death, 

ia defence of the truth, Jook down from 

tAe hleli abodu^ tad icarn what it paf« 

man decline^ the honoyr of moft of the 
light coDopo^oionf which ffll from hit 
pen. I may add, jchat he j» 19 a parti- 
cular man«er |>Mgpd, in hit Uttor tp 
tht bifi/^p of Ctnturi^f pf 39, not v> 
fippear hiinl'sif in the prefent difjpute, f, 
^.eannot, atleai^, wjithout 9 vilor. 

Whenever, ^r. tl\.e h^nnes, cither pf 
ihe fword or of the goofe-^juill^ are 
4e£lrous of making yfe of other weapons^ 
jt is plain that tl^y are not oyer-^nf[* 
xlent in the iffue of their own : I ftfl 
myfelf rather flatterjed than difgraced 
by the threat with which our 4eamc4 
Dodor introduces hit letter ot ** taking 
" me by the nofe.^' f. wiji not, indeed, 
difpuve his prowefs : llill J tcinnot help 
oblervtng that, to thofc who are ac* 
quainted with this little gentleman's k" 
^ure, thcjdea of his leading any man, 
of 01 di nary appearanjc^ ahojut a rooj^ 
by the nofe; wiQ appear as laughable, as 
that of feeing this (ao>e grave reftorer 
of the Scriptures adorned with ribbons, 
at a y.illage-fair, and mounted behind a 
(trumpet upon a wooden horfe. 

The Po£lor's defenfe of his Fervert^ 
on the plea of his aeal againft "vi^e 
** and irreligion," andjthat of hisNor- 
foUt tale, on the fcore of his health, arp 
equally nov^I. fK\% it the firft time 
the public has he^d of any fuch ** inr 
** dilpenfaeble duty in a clergyman** 
as that of tranj||[ating the HiAqry aa^l 
Adventures of a Parrot, efpecially wh^ 
)Lhit If done in a manner, which a 
gentleman whom the DoAor claims^ 
very improperly, I truft, at hit affoci- 

»794-}^ h ^« ^ ^P^y '^ ^''^ Ring's Drftnei of Dr. Geddei. 7^t 

attfp tnmiB ** fiitft, iBvidioot^Hand defa* 
naiory.'* (See vol. LXIII. P. 11. pw 
714.) On the o^bfx band, I am fure it 
will be a diicomy to tbe worW, that 
paUiiiiBg aa iadcccDt tsit it a mctAod 
of re-cltabltihiaf a weak toiXit af heaUbf 
and a Ipccific fora fever. 
At il i| not for artbodoxyy buc con 

neither hold, nor wifli to hold, an^ 
kind of rcJigiout coromunion with 
him.**-*! eannot, hOweTcr, dilmifsthit 
Aibjeft, without cxprefiing my furprife, 
that the Dof^or, who it Known not to 
be rery fuperftitiout, Ibould expreft 
fuch horrible apprehenfiont of the demd^ 
ae be telfi ut the Pope it, where he 

fiiescja ihat my fabjed bat led me to apologi«et for hit negJe£t of the adaae» 

call upon litt Oi bence I Ihall not con-* de mdrtuis mil nifi b$mum. I may add, 

taft a fia|)a aecnfation, which, by way it is not left exiraordinary that a roan 

•f attacking mci be hat brought againft of fuch mettle, as he hat ibewn himfelf 

ihe Ronum CaUiolic religion jmd itt to be, ibould be intimidated by << (ha-^ 

profcllbfi. Like the Mntfida mm^i Im dowt of a (bade,"' (if fuch things are 

(to borrow an Image from the Dodor't poflible,) at be termt tbe Romaa Cath- 

own writingtri wbillk ba employed him* olic Bifhopt. 

Icif in rehiting thofe cl^rget which be 

BOW bringt), be iball make whateTer 

tie pleaiet of ate, provided be will buc 

ba tmc to bit own priaeiplet, and, caft- 

ing off tbofe difguifet with which he 

hM, for fevcral ycart back, been delu* 

ding two or three different focieties, will 

prove a little of that ** honeft candour," 

which he it for ever boaAing of to the 

pablic Thus, when he informs ui, 

that " amongil Papiftt it it vain to look 

for either juftice or charity," Hnd thtit, 

whtlft they encouraae the icrtptyral 

veifioaa of Martin, Witham. and Chfll« 

loacr, ihey oppofe hit, from a eoofcio 

onfnclpi that itt faperior light mult 

** prove fatal to their caufe :'*-<— my only 

anfwer is, *' Even at you pleafc, Doc« 

tor; but then, for Heaveo'^k Trfke, break 

off every connexion with a Tet, fo loft co 

to Chrtnianity and to common ienfe.** 

When he (ipiifies that, in confequence 

of the praAice of praying fur the dead, 

all '' priefls are pick -pockets," except 

himfelf, and that the tenet of dtfiring 

Ihe prayers of the Saints'* rs an ohflac'e 

toourprayingtocheCrcator of the Saints, 

rfliall, in like manner, reply i ^* £v<-n as 

you pleafe, DoAor ;" but then, as \ou 

love your own foul, fee that, on every 

occalion, as wcH '* when you explaro 

your creed to your fupcriors, as %»htn 

you blazon it to the publick, you expir- 

fitly anathematize Inch immoral and 

idolatrous doctrines." In Ihtrt, when 

he teaches iliat the p,ood o.rl man, in 

cnc of whofc colleges he liimlelf was 

c'diicaied, is *• ihe whore of l>Abylon,*' 

1 (hall ftick to my text; ** Even as you 

Bur, however this may be, it feema 
the DoAor is furnilhed with too con- 
vincing proofs of injuries received 
fi-om the laft-mentioned perfonages, in 
the general rejedion of his Bible by 
thofc for whofe nfe it was chietf y inten* 
ded, which he afcribes to the difjppro- 
bation it has met with from the fiid bi« 
fhops. Jt rs, indeed, piteous to hear 
his complaints on this horrible *' itar- 
chamber and inquiHtional" proceeding, 
by which certain pcrfoos, and, what ag- 
gravates the offence, hii own fuperiors, 
have dared to exprefs tlteir diiapproba* 
tion of a work of the Dofkor, who it 
known to have (hewn fuch high refpeft 
to their writings. He accordingly ap- 
peals to the feelings of " Brkons, whe- 
ther they will permita valuiible citizen," 
as he qualifies himfelf, *< tu be deprived 
of his property, the fruit of many 
years laborious toil and intcnfe ftudy.'* 
As the dcfued obje£l cun only be ob- 
tained by a new aft of the Legiflaturc, 
I have, for the Do&oi*i accommodati* 
on, been H^lually employing myf'eif in 
drawing oun a bill, which I hope wil be 
found 10 meet the grievance complain- 
ed of, and tXM^^Iy to tally with the D( c- 
tor^s wiflics and ideas. 1 (hall here on- 
ly infert that part of the preamble, and 
thofe claufes, which immediately relate 
to himfelf. 

And whereas "a ViihnMe citizen,*' Dr. 
C— , 'well kncm'ii by his Cotigratuhtoi y 
Ode to the French Na'lon il Alfembly, aiul 
by other equally can!) itiniotinl works, h;^ 
freely, gjcncroully, and without fi/ilic.t't 0.1, 
auJeruiiLen a new Tranllatiou u£ tie HLMe, 

pleafe. Doctor J but then, inflcad of f-r the uic of Roman C..tliohcs, witji ag'CiC 
throwing dun tntothe eyes or the pub- 
lick, by declniiTiiiig ag.niid the pcp.'s 
pcrlonal infallibillity, which )ou k.tow 
to be very did'erent from tuHt I'vin^ ui- 
kunat ni the univerii^ chinch, to 
uhjc'; J have heretofore f'ljmmontd yon, 
^^^egf^^^us honcilly, And uil us tndl'\o\x 

number cf preface?, noicf, Zee. in whicti \.c 
l)a> til led niaoy difctiveries of Spino.Ti^ 
niui osh.-r Phil;)l'v>f)iiic I hsol >siat:s, fuch r>\, [|)c hid books of the bcripture were 
not wii'viei) hy Muk<>, And ttiai ciQ ^^'^ vA 
thp ^crvpiorc is iu^v^vti^ \ mv^ vjV^'sx'p:*^ 
csruin BLvta;iaCaLAku\it\i\^o\|S, cK^^ Ny^"^- 

i3« J. M. in Rfply to Mr: Ring^s Df/tnce of Dr. fecddoi ' [Mar. 

4fiUc:il Vicarsjba'/edarcJto fiphifv lorhepcr- 
iiior cf iheircf.zr.muinon, that tbey <'o not a|>- 
pio^e of ihe faicl Tranfl »ion. i^ hereby, it is 
ftoteilthat mahyfuth pcj^nn* may tc *lif- 
fu..dcd ii- Jn :iih;it ng tlir f id TranflaMi-n in 
ihc r jnit'wc .md pv:v,:te iIevtiionj», o i!ie 
great t'-. ti ii!t;it i>f Dr. ti. 

Be i: li-eicfoM- c<i::6td, hv tbc anthor't^v 
afoicfrii', Mui it i% hcrJy » n uHed, t'uf, if ^f 

. in th" year o' tnir 

Apoft' i ! Vicr, bilho?. 

fcrr the — J. y o? 

Lord x-r^A, :.ny 

or oi'tr pcrfip, flm'l pffumc in 

wilting, or by 'wot d of m;^uth, to fignify 

a difapp oK^fion of ilwf'.d Tranlbi'on, be 

fli.ill he fired ri'le thn coft cif tl^ wlwhs 

iinpieilion. to be cppUei'. to il.e Do^im's dr r the governed from being erery whcrd 

and met wbh the thanki 6f the Itfa<» 
tional Aflcmbiy, at the faiibe time caU 
Itnjjr upon Enetand fo emulate thtf fX' 
ample which Francie had fet it, and bid^ 
din{^ all the Kings and Tyrai.t^ of tha 
earth to liften and tremble at the iamei 
auJiont omftKs fimeamfqiti ri^et. Bui 
though i referred to ihcfe pr-fitions 
bro'^ched in July, 1790, I ftyniicd that 
I did it with .regret ; and indeed I madd 
no doubt, but that at the prefent ^r- 
noumtfit of the tiapedy, when our own 
country if obliged to tii7:e up arms Id 
piev nt If of it at home, to bin* 

meets wiin Oi. (I—** aprrr.Uitir n, is i 
flitter iTivUlt it will, ti t ftuK p'-int, that 
remains fof bis cc-nUCit t.-:-fD» is to 
catcu ate v. berbfr iii ^en'jr.*! clauTcs, 
wbicli \ li Tc- n<'t licre icci:i:d, but 
ivb'ch t.c V. »il c-ifilv 5^»tfs at, will or 
will nrt t c norc m b'ln iu 
his tia;.t^)crof a Reviewer th^n tlx 
iibovc u'loicd \\\\\ I'civc bini in tbatot a 

Ai 1 &m cxTOfTic'y dtfiroiss oF taking 
a gof'd-hu:n< wi'jd leave ot ilio litre 
Dc)6^or, ir im-rtif ts nie miu.b tbjt il.e 
conclulif.j; p:ir« or his leircr, jrj v. hich 
he fptrfks '• the :rr.iw-mcnt;^ Com- 
grniulatory OM', iU^^n'.d be c.i'cuiiited to 
pi.'.iice luch vt»y diiTcrcr.i tinotioiis 
Ji'.m thole \ii:li wbich 1 hjvc icvifcd 
tbe : rccvdin*/ ptH ol it. I vlu iit»t l.cie 
a"! :dv. lo Liic a|',^i->u:i:i vvl\icb be l)ct!*vvi 
or. il]c coiiT'catu^r of ail LCtlciirfltical 
pioptrtv iTi l*'iaucc« ii n:c<-r:iie \vlMvit he 
icj.i tlcn-^ as i'lt-iiilctl, In ti-e Cbridian 
KvL.iiiiiis ut t5 .it CiinJiy, fei ibc real 
b^ii<.f)tii the cl«t^) ^c lar>',c, and \vh>ch 
hi. laments was uuiiiUwici) '* by ibole 
\w.!vws \'A ib'-cp's ciorliin;:," wlw dil- 
i'j.-ti( li tbfii Km;; fitm confennug to 
I be iiflUlpoi !>:!.»•»•'. of tc.o. c ot i;l.»:s 
i,t !iis ii.'jjct^rts liuacculcd of ary crime; 
y\Ui\ 1 1) e:ik ot is a po n: l).::( C(»:::cs 
home lu ilic btcafiof every £i:;;'iU]iiiaii, 
;ind eveiy friend ai thcoidcr ar.d h.4ppi- 
ncl^ o^ irankind. 

Y'. ui JCwdeis \%ili reco!icO,.!bat, in 

jc*jt^\ing ctrr;»iu c'lhcr rtpubl can pLfi- 

li>>r.s cf tl:e "DoO.or, 1 had oci.fir.n to 

Hi' niicn tbole wbuh arc cor.tuintd in 

r/jc afi.rcf.tid OJc ; in i^hich he ctlc- 

explai'n thelieralliesof an irreguUrMulv: 
Initead of this» I find him, in plaia 
profe, defending, at the prefent momeQ.t9 
all Kis dangerous extravagances, ai 

follows : 

" Di . Gedies is cenfnred by J. M. for calPng 
on the tyr:mts of the univei/e to trembib at 
the revoluii<'n in France. Happy wmild it 
have been for tf.ese tyrant*, ami thrice h;ippy 
for tlicir nittcrahlc fuhjeds, if they^ad ta* 
keu u.irnii«g. 1 hn earth would not ihert 
hii\ r b'.'cr ghi"ed u itb the blond of bcr fiins» 
Ocrifice! to the bouii(lle(> rmibition ('f iheir 
oppu tr.)is. bnt, uhs 1 :bey wer^ deaf to his 
adrf!Oi;it:ons : i^ot Dtut vul^ ferderi, ^liut 

I Uiall nothere, iVIr. Urban, give way 
to my cnu.-tionf, nr.d (hah thctcforecon* 
tent inyf'.lf wiih fnying, lb.1t it ii pU.D 
the Do£t(T is not in bis n^ht place. £ 
do n( t, indeed, uu^n that lie fliould 
cmhaik with hi& rouniryuien oftbecon- 
ventu n, Muir, P.) I met, Maigatot, and 
Skirv:n«, because 1 do not wii}i bini to 
be pun idled, but to l>e mndc happy la 
hi» own opinion. Now, \vh\, with his 
Icntimenis, he (Ijould rcfuic 10 wa't 
hiniletf from the blood- llaincd dominie 
ons of ryianib- I" that unfpotted IjtnJ, 
which, he Idys, AUiea ha& chofcn* for 
her abode, wbtie the Golden Age 
iri^ns, '.\)ieie rhe famous liver of the 
iticiropolis, foi obvious reiions, no^ 
ftiAvs with a purer flreani and a freer 
c< urTc ibzn does our unhallowed 
Thames (fee his Ode), and wbeic, in* 
ilejd 0/ oeiijg uQcafy about the faie of 
a Txble, a ir.itic or a trunchcun would 
piobiibly be at his fcivicej this^ I fay. 

t / arcs tilt g loriu u & e v i n ts , t Ii at h ad tsik t n cu in'(^\ui io\ Vivui \q ei^ua 
iJ4iCcjn ludiicc, in iithiu^ lUdt iiitriud 


'794- 7 

Remarks on Clubs ; otiJ an PtliticalToaJit. 


Having mentioned the membtrs of generally fofrens men's manners, and 

the Scotch C</nvention, 1 canuot htlp 
exprefling my Airprise, that fo much 
fliould have been ikid about the fuppo- 
fed iDJuflice of fending their Honours 
to the land of coavi6is, when, 'n my 
opinioDy the only ferioui quiAinn was 
concerning (he propriety of adding to 
the puniihnnent of that unhappy defcrip- 
lion of men, by mingling fuch fi e- 
brands of (ocicty amongft them. At 
all cventty I hope that Mr. High Con- 
fiable Barringtnn may be allowed a 
double lalary. if, after the imp-trtation 
of the prcfent cargo of {edition, he 
iiiccced in pfeferving the peace of the 
colony. Yours, Itc. J. M r. 

Mr. UtBAV, March I. 

WHEN men form themfelvcs into 
dubt with intent'on to mike 
known their political or rtligious opi- 
nion^, it behoves them to choofc a name 
that mav not awaken the fears or diflike 
nf- their neighbours. The foe ety of J9««/ 
ViVamii^ who, it is faid, foimrrly met 
at the Rofe tavern, gave no oft'^nce by 
a (Turning the name of thi freb mud 
EASY mtiler tbt Rofr i nor have I ever 

leads thcin to love ^nd cAecm fuch as are 
otherwifc refpe^able, though tlicy niay 
not agree in religious opinions with 

I am old enough to remcmf)er the rc« 
hellion of the year 1745, *"^ ^■' ^^^'^ 
known how ftrcnglv many clergymen of 
one of the midlano counties exprtlfcd their 
wi flics for its fuccefs : attached to the 
ca»jfc of ihc Prttendtr (though thcv had 
taken thr (aihs co K.ii.g George the Se- 
cond for the livings ih-jy enjoyed), they 
wore plaid ribbons to their watches, and 
toafled in all companies Church and 
Ktmg ; and they m^ide 00 fecret of their 
avcrfi.^n to the Rrvlutia* and the Man9^ 
Vir fuc'cfllion. On that account, I then 
difliked the toafl ; and my objtAibns 
have iince incieafcd from rcflc^ing on 
the alifuruiiv of the King being placed 
helow tlu- Church, though by law he is 
the biad of it. 

During the life of the wonhy and re* 
fpc^Jabe Arthur Onflow, efq. Speaker 
in iive parliameuts of the Houfe ofXom- 
mons, I was a frequent gueft at his ta« 
ble ; and I have dined occaflonally ^t 
that of the prefent and every other arch- 
bifliop of Canterbury during the lall 30 

heard that the elith (of painters, 1 fup- 

pofc), who called ihemfelves Kntgbts •/ years. At Mr Onflow's table, and at 

tbtyfirti/bt ever excited any other paflii>ii the Archbifliop's, the firfl roall was, and 

in the bread of others than what arofe 
from ridicule. 

HarmicTs as the foregoing clubs mi^ht 
have been, there are itih-r^ uhich luve 
a tendency to kindle a.-iimcjfHy where at 
prcfent there may be none, or to keep 
alive a jca'oul'y which miglit otiierwifc 
have lul^fidcd. I am led to make liiefc 
reflexions from readine* in a London 
news-paper, within thd': few davs, an 
advcrtilement, of which the following is 
a liteial copy : 

^Manchiiter Church-asd-Kinq 


** The fecond of Match hippciing this 
year on a Surtiiay^ the arimvetjury of this club 
\Ki\\ be held on MontLiy the tnird of i^Utch, 
TUfe members who artr in Lon^hn intend to 
celehftc tliat day at Ft etmajom tavern, 
%^'l)cie they are rc(]iieilcd Co tend their names 
on or before Sii'urday, t!ie fiid inn ant." 

1 am pcrfuadcd, Mr. Urban* that a 
man may be highly refpcclahle though 
he does not undcrOand grammar. I re- 
joice, however, from my diflike to the 
name <,l this club, that the men who 
comp'fe it ilo not ai^pcar to hare had a 
libcial educat on ^ becaufe, 1 have Al- 
ways fupf>orcd tiiat i'uch an education 

Glut. Mao. March, 1794. 

1-, the Ktmg and C»ii/lituttOM. Thcfc 

wordb arc univcrfaliy comprehcnfive, and 
apply not only to the King, Lords, and 
Commons t but to the Church cj En^tand^ 
and all nubo diffint from //, becaufe the 
Constitution, by iht a6l of tolera- 
tion, and other fuhfequtnt a^s of par- 
liamtnt, ensblcs every to fcire God 
in his own way ; and drinking the Con- 
fli:ution, thciefoie, inuicatei a fpirit of 
chniiiy and modciation highly becoming 
th*- mild do^rinei of ChriOianity. 

If it he true, Mr. Urban, that the 
toall of Church and King is ufually given 
at Citj ftcfis^ I flia'l cxpe6l, from the 
good fcnfe of the ppfeot Lord mayor, 
that it will be changed for one certainly 
more proper. Iht King and the Coufii-- 
tution, A Surrey Magistrate. 

Mr. Urban, 

March 13, 

WHILE fuch an excellent piovi- 
hon is made in fcveral parts of 
the kingdom for clergynjen** widows, 
it has often furprized me that there it 
none (at leafl that I know of) for p<..or 
cleigymcn themfelves : ihofc, I mean, 
who have nothing but a curacy to de- 
pend on, and are unable, on Account of 

234- P^^^ /«'' ^t^ ^f dljlrejfed Clergy.-^ Ant ttnt Jfchiulfs. [Mar, 

ill heql'h, to undertake even that. Th'c was endowed ; but there mufl be fo-ne 
ufua! dirtrelTes oF the inferior Cieipy of vour correfpondcnts in the univerHtf 
are (o well known, and have hten fo to whom thsfe circumftaiices cannot be 
often mentioned already, that it is un- unknown. In col. i. line 22, of my 
recclT-irv for nic to trouble you with my p^pcr, there is an errj»r of the prcfs or 
remark.. 00 thorn at prefcnt j bur, furc o*" the MS; for i cert^iiniy metnrBifliop 
ly, when ficknels is added to them, hfard, of Salifbury, and no' HV/it. who 
when they h^ve ho friends to alfifl them, was bifhop of Ely. \V. dud D- 

and are incapable of fupporting them- — .i.*!... 

fclves, they are peculiarly unfortunate. Mr. IfRBAif, Mmrrh 10. 

In fuch a (icuation, what muft they do? T> AKON Reidefel, in hit Voyage in 
Wh^t can they do, h;jt (borribtlidU' -^ Magna Grecia, tells us, that the anti* 
tul) go to the workhoufe, as was the tnt^rcriite^s, not truftio^iothc uncertain 
cafe with one who died lately at D^ver !!l ufe of rupss to raife blocks of rery Urg; 
(r mny be faid, perhpp^, that, if they dimcnfions, made (rr(.>ovcs t» tlie ftoocs 
arc not ahle to read and preach, they to tccurc the inftrumenc which was to 
may rubfifl by teaching. But, I be- raife them out of the quarry. But this 
licvc, it will fcldom be found that tbofe, author hM» doubtlei's, forgotten to men •' 
who are too ill for. the former, are well tion the other ufe to which thefe grooves 
enough for the latter. were intended to be applied, which the 

The evil I anTfpcaking of may per- part and the counter pirt, both exi(l*ng, 
baps be very eaHly remedied. Sup^ofv and 'continually repeated in the fr\i(- 
afl the bene^ced clei^'vmen, in every di. mencs thrown d.)wn, and in the maires 
occfc, weie to contribute lomerhing an- yet (landing, inconteftably prove. Thefe 
Dually, according to their ahihty, to- grooves, cu' in beds on one fide, and 
wjrda raiting a fund for the f.ipp irt of the fubHancc that is to fill it up on the 
their poor brethren. Their contnbu ^ other, and thus joining all the Hones 
tirins. added to thof'e of the bilhop and together without the concurrence of a 
digniii'ies, (which would no duui»r be thiid body, make of aW thefe feparare 
yery liberal,) and of fuch of the Ui:y P^^'^ hut one (olid whole, capable of 
as are defnous of preierving their icli- rctilHng tin: injuries <>t time for fo long 
gion from contempt, bv keeping irs mi- a (ucceilion of ages. And if thefe build- 
niHert from want, would afford a com- ings have at leogrli paid the tribute due 
pLCenc provifion for ihcin. Some, whole to the viciHitude of human works, it is 
huaith will admit of tiieir taking cue of not in the joints thu the Ooncs have 
a fmali ciiiHch, wjnt only an addinon failed, hut the immediate ontatt of the 
of, perhaps, twenty or thirty pounds a a'f* particularly the dcllru^Siive blafl> of 
year to thrir fniall incomit. And the the Sirocco, havini; conl'umed them, and 
number of ihcfc, who are incapable of b-iog undermined at bottom, they have 
doing any duty, in, I hope, very fmall. ' yci'ed to their own weight, and in their 
Tii's lithe renf.jii, perhaps, why there Ja'l have drawn after them their capital 
i» no fuch inlti:'..;ion iti a kingdom, *"*' frieze, and frequently without Ic- 
whicb IS fo eminenilv di»liof;u<(hed for parjting*. 

its charities of aimolit every kind. lo the Traofa^Hons of the Society at 

Should the publication of thefe loofc London for the Encouragement of Arty, 

hints, Mr. Urban, in your very ufeful Manufaaures, and Commerce, vol. XI. 

and entcrtainia^ Mi(bcllany, (if they aniong the premiums oHl-rcd in the yc4r 

meet with your approbation), induce <tny '793i the gold medal was adjudged to 

of your rcfpeftable correfpondcnts to Mr. Jone< of Fifh-ilreet-hill, for cuU 

take up the fubje6t, and promote the de- ti*a':ing Rhubarb. The ground is in 

(ign of them in the fmallcll degree, 1 th? pari(h of Kniicid, is rich and light 1 

iliall feel a particular fatisfafti©n. ^^'^ ^" prepare it fur this purpofe, where- 

Yours, &c. A. B. ^^^^ ^'z /■ intended to plant a root, t'lac 

■ —■— — fp'Jt was uug about three (pic deep, a;id 

Mr. Urban, Manb 9. ^^<= fui rounding earth heaped upon it to 

SINCE I tranfmitted to yon notes of *. confidcrabic height, thus forming a 
eltablilhmcnts for the widows of cler- <'»''t'n^"^ ^"ll for every plant, in order to 
gymen, inlerted in your Magazine for ^"P ^^^ ""** '*g*^^ and that it might 
February, p. 104, 1 have been apprized *'*''* * 6"*^ <^^pth to pcnetraf;. A root, 
of iin inaitution of the kind in Cam- pro<'uced from a feed lown in June, 
badge. The friend who informed me *79'» was tranfplanted on one of thole 
r/' jc is j3o:d\vare by whom or when it ♦ BorcU's LeticTion Sicily, U. p.~»^iSr 


'794'3 Shirt, hit eomp'tbtn^vf, Sttrj »f a Farmtr'i Bull. 235 

Ukim Aprilt r}9*I >n 'he cnurfc of houre, net wjth.a Km m^enic, veper- 

4w rattowr it drpUycd jalnxicd kiiM able aid Bun, Ivinfr riown it hii cafe, ind 

Mdih, ud chm at lim«) the ta melt crcMara in thr worldi 

t wbta pt*aied he would fulfcr tha cun to yrip at hiw, 

I M tha tad of the fliei totiaTa tiiaf, and caan (bmi of 

d il to (he *>- thainilchiuaufetlowiia^hcfarm.yBFd 

■ft ditTuailcd bv 10 pull l)im by ibc horM. Hi wai w 

mining fanbcr, thii *ery maavat Id one 1^ hii nemlclt 

mot. At ihiM hooMur;. 1 rumioitiaB upoo part lod 

Hticy of noir- pnfeat fccanof dtligSii contempliiing 

th« plant to be the aci|ibl<auniiK .d^i'y and tha timt- 

altr*! ihs loM yardtWbtiaUMnilcb-cowi.bad.atl their 

'i too much wet. ttag* yiftaa^ till ifatywcK «wrU rua. 

made with fiapi nia); 01a »p^h« i;alTM, Md the p>,j>, and 

a iMtiM, a MB- ihc p^ulirv.were friftiag, and Kmuling, 

ctd, in April. ■"' criiwiaK oa aTcry dunghill 1 the 

tb« plant* at fttanariei were full, and the hirai icadf 

/ wcti too wcrk loburQ. Thaic wure, Ufidci, miajr a 

^rStptamber, whan he fiTad la? nut . goodly rick of wheit, iM hirley, lad 

of ■]«.' Ftos ibefe espantnaatilic la' oui, and pcare, and baam, and liav, aad 

itn,tlwtlhfelcifiNt forlnwlog in Spriag rvE>|traii, n4 ckwcr. The dairy Ma 

b aboHC Much or April ; aad in Aa- full of rurdi, udcn am, * nd but:er aad 

W t afcoBI Aaguft 01 SepttwUt } that .thccfepf every kind. ^ To ba lu/e, there 

tbe6' niCcd ia (pring Ihuutd fat inaf- wai plenty for ihc maftar and bit family, 

flaaicd in Autvma, and «mv vtr/ki and all ihaATvatut, tiad tMry body bt- 

4ut Acy.MBDM have wo much loan i looging to tlw fain. May, tlnfe that 

tbaMbrfinHrion caA fcarcclji^cioodtyt wen poor aad netdy, aad idle, aad In*, 

Ihi^ the tDJuriM tha pUaia. an fuljcia . and Gck, aB4 piaadi *nl faacy. aod oM 

. to an piineipally daiiag ibcir inlucyc and ia^m> wcn freely (applied 1 and 

kad'iB beimputed tbinTcAior joattea- ct«ji tbii iraubliloiM fellow himrelf, 

6tHii m MO great an ozpufnre to fraA, B(icwit>i<la'Bdiag he had teng fatU quar- 

Ite. ibat'noii))uty can bc.dreidid from I'eled tiriih the hMd-tarnwr and all hii 

heat I and that in g'nf ril ihcy arc hii- bell friindi, aod an old gradge wit HiO 

dy, and cafv of c'jl.ivaiioo, when airiicd ^ublilliDg betwixt ihcm. yei, uponmik- 

beyood i cenua ttrm. ing, at aey time, 1 rolemn piamire cu do 

Mr. Bailey, of Poncifraa, feat fcTCrat no mifcbkf, had fiec intrrefa, egrcfi, and 

fampTet of rhubarb, part of which wu fEgrLfi, into every part of the £*rin aad 

of a very fuptrior quality, Thtle loow tin; dairy, and wai iilibcny [oliclp him- 

weie plinttd about the year 17)1, aad felf whercvef U* liked, lalbort. iiewai 

takeu up ia tbe fpnng of i^gi. The allowed to do any tiling but ILia die 

prime root! were loiied in (inallpicc«, cream, and fet bit own mark upon the 

peeled elean, and iboroughly cleared of .butitr, 

cTcry parucle of unfoundncfi. Put Now, btcaufa the Bull had happcnad 

wai fepaiaiely laid in_fiB*et, and the to place bimfelf a little aerofi hit fi. 

lunaiadei peifMalcd, llruBg, and fuf- rourice fooi-patb, alihongk there wai 

ptodid ia fcRooot frum the ueliag of a plmiy ol toom iMnb to ihe right and 

Mrarm kitchco. Thele famplei appear the left, noibiDg wouU fatiify thif im- 

M be fupcijor to any cured la England, pudept fellow, but he murl kick Old 

and produced to the Society hitliKte. Jibn, for ihii wat tha Bull's nimc, out 

Mr. Halley'a ccitilicite Itaici, that be ot hii way i and all the world leree* 

wti in poflefhon of 7] >b. of the growth tliat Jtta fuffered him to kick a Hong 

ef hi* late father and trim felf, and of hit while bctoie he Ihewed ihe fmiileft in. 

own curing. He wuToicd « riUcrme- clinuion to rife and relent the ilfronc. 

dal> Yourt, flic 5. M. At laft, however, he got upon ha lejti, 

— — ^^ and begin to look around hint, but Ibll 

TUB SHOKT, avT CuHPKEHEHIlVE, il wat a louk of Vonlcmpf only, which 

■TOkY OP « FARUlK'i BULL. tbe fooiilh lellow Biiftook for the aurka 

Cetuin tioubltfome tejlow, who of fear, 

b turned hii back upou the Chur^i, bolder, 

baring occa/ioo 10 p*l* through a large ing sU hit c«iii%d>v« xo ^\0l v%& %*')■ 

fum-yrd ia Ut w*f to tbe Meeting- him \a tt» un&cufL ^x\ ^ ^\\icA'V> 


Shorty hut comprihifi/iviy Story of a Farmer's Bull. [March, 


tie Bull began to threaten and roar :— 
this was on tne 10th of June, one of the 
hotted days in the fumnncr, 'whenySMi/- 
My threw a fierv^ftick under hi«> taii, at 
the very moment that a parcel of impu- 
dtrt h^'lf witted fellows weic frving to 
jfl,.>uiilh a French flambeau (lighted and 
blaz'ng at both ends) full in his face.— 

both (ides were called in, to enquire into 
the whole affair } but rhieie were fo manf 
contradidoty (loiies, that it was im|>ofli- 
ble to come at the truth, how it hap- 
pened, or who had fiift provoked him 1 
but iince it was plain to cerv body, that 
old Jobm difi the mifrj^ief, and as he 
was proved to be the Town Bull* it was 
No wonder that the Bui! (hould fet o(F finally fettled that the parifh fliould pay 

with a vengeance into the ftreets; down 
went t\)e ginger-bread flails, and the 
hardware (hops, the burkle-menJei^ and 
the razor- grinders, and the dapgir ma* 
kers : he even gor into ptivate noufes ; 
and in one place threw do\UD whole baf* 
kctt full of bottles and cl XHcal elates, 
crucibles and gun-barrcU— -fmaih went 
all the jars of iDflammable air, which 
Inftantly took fire, and fpread all over 
the pbcc ; every thing went to rack a:\d 
ruin; nothing: was fafe; even the reli- 
gious houfcs themfelves, where nothing 
hid ever been heard but the. mod pious 
exhortation^ (like thofe of Dr. Vicefimus 
Knox), to peace and harmony, and obe- 
dience to the governing powers. In fliorty 
nothing could pacify, or put a Hop to, 
the furv of thi» poor enraged animal, till 
his honefl maOer the Fanner, as quiet and 
as good a kind of church-going man as 
ever lived io the world, father of a large 
family, hearing of the rumpus, (ent a 
number of his heft and lleadiefl old fer- 
▼ants to mttKKie the bead, which had al- 
roady tolfed the fellow with the fiery- 
ilick over the tops of the houfes, and 
go-cd him in fifty different places. It 
was next to a miracle that he efcaped 
with his life i and every body thought 
he had reafon to be thankful tnat he got 
off fo well as he did , but no fooner did 
he find himfelf fafe in a kackMiy'COKh, 
than, to ttie aftoniibment of alt the 
worlds he bt-ean to preach up his inno- 
ccnce, and to lodge a complaint a gain (I 
poor Oldj9t», who, in the end, furtcrcd 
a great deal more than himfelf. Some 
filly people pitied him ; fume laughed at 
him t others again were wicked enough 
to wiih him at the devil— even his bed 
friends were afhamed < f him ; and aU 
thou^'h ihev, one and all, defended him 
as much ati they could in publick, there 
was a coufounMcd deal of muttering and 
gruinwhog in pnvne. ** [ thought what 
It w iild come to.'* faid one( ** A pretty 
method of drivii>g a mad Bull througn 
the.chuich-palet/ faid anoth' r/ 

But the Arargeff ^>art of the flory re- 

inains to be toio ; for, no foonei wa^ the 

buJl fa :ly ntuzz ed, and properly con- 

^et/, eJjdM the hteadi and neighbours qq 

all the damages for not keeping him in 
better order. 

And here again was freih matter for 
difcontent : feme, thought it hard to pay 
for all the inflammable aii, which had 
done as much mifchief as the Bull. 
Others aeain objeAed to a monftrout 
heavy demand for a large quantity (fe- 
veral ream'.) of fcols-cap paper, which 
had been fcribbled upon and rpoiled long 
before the affair happened. Indeed, in 
the omnion of fomtr icnlible petfons, it 
wa» tit for nothing but lighting the fire. 

C^iirm deJuwU 

• # # ♦•* « 4« « • 

Mr. Urban, Hteklty, March la. 

I* MUST entreat the candour of your 
readers to overlook and excufe a few 
errors and omii!ions made by my ama- 
nuenfis in tranfcribing my letter to you, 
which is printed pp. 8 and io6. The 
perfons employed by tne for this purpofe 
IS very young, and entirety unaccuf- 
tomed to any tning of this nrature i and 
it being very near the end of the month 
when the above was wiittcn, I grave 
the copy which I fent to you a too hafty 
and curf^ry perufal. Your inferting, 
therefore, this apology, and the follow- 
ing corrections will oblige 

Yours, &c. R. LIGK0RI8H. 

P* 7» !• 35> af^r " occafion" put a period. 
P. 8, 1. 27, ool. t, read << ttie work above 
alluded to** 

P. 8. coh I, L 4r, after '* above" put a 


P 8,coL 2,1. 15, "none" 

P. iC7,coL 1, 1. r^, read "cares** 

^2*, after ** pofTeiled," add •< fuch a 

peffon bhoHTs moft certainly under many 

and (Kculiar difficulties io his ardent purfutt 

after knowledge." 
L. 33, dele •< can" 
The wt;ole paffage in the note in p. io7a 

ool. I, Ihoiiid be included in inverted com« 

Col. 2, 1. 18, dele " tliey became'* 
P. 109, col. 1 , 1. 2. after <* fandtuat y," be^ 

gin a fredi paragraph. 



Mr. Urban, Feb. 

IN publi/hing the inclofed lines, 
\yUl itan(mvt. to ^otteiity a raoft ex- 

t}94«] ^i^*^^ ^ ^- Wjide.— Ptff/;«M#«/«rv Pnaidings. 237 


Im would ^havt placed him in his 
aft the RgrtfeiitniYe of Honefty, 
T-ouiit &C. £. 

Tailw mtmarj yf Jalw WyMc many ywwi a 
FoTMr in iba Sia CUrkt OAca, wtK> di«d 

.wbcjlmgb iWlc^pcnr'd Comb rccrrd thy 
/iiM» . fcUim! 

WF^fchi Mr IM)» ID filly cmwds pio- 

Sttll,hoiTeft Wylde^impreflMchymeinory li« 
On nobler minds, that hnmhle mtrit priz<*. 
Thus, wliet) proud LaureatSi as time gUdei 

a1t»'ig, (ftiof I 

With Flatt'ry's voica fliall proftitute their 
Bid kings and hemes live, ia poliih'd ver(e» 
And pr»if«rs, Seldom eam'dy with pomp n» 

hearfe 1 
Oh mnv f<ime iineomii>ted bird arife. 
To tcil Che wurU <' the pod mm mvtr din ! 

Mm or coMvoiit. 


.^kktf m M kf 9/ 9h* ExcBipttr ad- 
dnleil the Spcdter in the follow iag 


^ Sift I yeflcrday iaformed thai Honfe, 

fthn i &oiild inquire into the cirrum- 

Aufca of a very fingular tranfadioti 

rnhnM I tbea related ia general teniit. 

Tb* relbU ia» that i am now ready to 

Ibrta it KMire particalarly from the if>* 

■IbrmatigB which I hate leceived on the 

Inbjadf and from fncb refleAiobs at I 

kaWf %OM the ftortnefs of the time, 

-been abia to give the fuhjt&f 1 am 

coaliitofd in the nccelBty of tak ing fome , 

aMaforaa in coaie«iocBca of it, to guard 

'Munft the effe£li; which would, other* 

.inft ha produced by it. At the fame 

«t|iMe Ido not aacan to trouble the Houfe 

wMk any motion to-day. I think it will 

be. more convenieat to poflpone it till 

Monday, in r^der to give a little more 

time toconfidcrof it| and dating that 

Aort interval no injury will aiife from 

the delav. 

I fliall ftate the circumftances of the 
tranCadion, the general view and nature 
of It, and the tendency of the mcafure 
which I ihail think it my duty to pro- 
pofie* And I believe I cannot ftate the 
ciicumfiances better, than by leading 
two papers, of the authority of which I 
can entertain no doubt, when 1 confidcr 
the channel through which they come. 
The firft purports to be a decree of aa 
Eatmordioary Commiflion inftituted in 
France, in conlequenee of a refolution 
of the joint Committees of Finance, of 
Public Safetv, and Public Vclfsre, as 
they are* called. There probably was 
an antecedent decree of the Convention, 
on which thefe are founded j bur that is 
9ot fo cUari and It is the lefs material, 
as thefe papers are fo plain, chat hardly 
any other information c«ib be necciniry. 
[Mr. Pitt here reoapitnkted the Tub* 
ftanoeof th^/everaJanrcies o/tbe Freach 
fifctetf wJ$J€li W9 iurt faJken the iiberty 


to omit, having obuiaed a copy of the 
decree itfelf, which is eitremtly necel* 
fary for tfie public informatioo, and la 
Kt foflows : 

Refi/taitm tf tht Ctmmtttn tf Fhtuiee^ Gtme* 
rsl Smfetj, iutd ?Mie Wttf^re^ ph Miv^ 

** The Coouniffion, chaq^eJ with execute 
ing the refoluions of thv United Commit- 
tees of Finance?, l'id>]ic Safety, aii^l Gener^d 
Welfare, which place in reqa^firion the ef* 
Mtt of all bankers, merchants, and bro- 
kers, deltroQi ul employing the utmuft ex* 
pediiilNi to oKatn thtde artldesi fo neceffiory 
to the happtnefs and digni^ dF the French 
people, refolvessafblkiws; 

L << The hanken, marchints^ and ail 
nchar cit'utens who have prop er ty veltedai 
foreign funds, fliall by ifae next decade (fi- 
nuary) makea dedaratiMi tn the Comibtlnan 
of Subfiileoces and Provifioiis, fi ft, of adl 
the efleds and hinded property which they 
have in f >reigq countries ; and, fecoudly, of 
the fold and unfold merchandizes which they 
ha^ e iliere* 

1 1 •< They ihall alfo declare, with repub- 
lican veracity, the names of citizens wliom 
they know polIe£i funded (flioperty or mer- 
chandize in the different pans of Europe. 

in. ** CommifTioners Ihall very fpeedily 
be fenC totbe cities of Boordeaox, Marfeillev, 
Naiites, La Havre, Lilte, Dunkeiqoe, St^ 
Maloes, and La Roehelle, to obtain fimihu: 
teftimonies and declarations. The Repi^fea- 
tative of the People, Boiflet, (hall alfo be 
written to, to procure the fame at Mooti^el^ 
lier and Kifuies. 

IV. « Five Commifliooers ihall be chofea 
from vnoog the bankers. 

V. << And hve more among the broken* 

VI. « The Cummittce of Oeneral Safety 
ihall be invited to take ulF immediately tha 
feals put Upon the tfft^ of the bankers, 
brokers, &c- in a fUte of arrell ; and to 
remove from fuch feals all papers and effeiSU 
dt-claring property abroad, in order to ilipu- 
late for the fame citizeits, as to the decUK 
rations requii*ed by the preceding ai tides. 

VII. ** The Commiftioners chofen among 
the bankers and broikec^ (haW. V>^ tioax^^ 
with cocM\u€dt\|^, 4ite€l\ti<^> «cASj«^xtc«B«oAB- 
it» iha dactinsuiuci^ T\ih^fikiSSLtaiss»;?5«S» 

238 PdrliamiHtary Prdcie£ngi 9/ Lords, and Commons in I794« 

citizens who may dcby c«m paying, in order 
that they may be defined to obey tjuickly the 
refnlucinns of the united Committees, ;inJ 
thofe of the Commiifum of Suhfidencies. 
Tliey (ha'.l alfo dechre if any errors or fraiui 
he committed in the decbration*:, that the 
Commitiloners may be enabled to repair the 
on<: and prevent the other^ according to tjie 
iig<-:ur of the laws. 

VI n. " The Nitional Trrafury Ihall he 
invitt.d to receive the value aXfar. 

IX. *' TJje Coromiilioners chofen from 
amon^ the bankers culled to this fitting beiiij; 
alfemhled, it is agreed that the Commi •Tim .ers 
of tUeir body Oiali be the citizens P.iche, 
Pel regeaux, Fulchion, Haguoiault, and £n- 
fantin. They have mentioned as the Com- 
m'fTKMiers to aA as brokerfj who are the 
citizens Pagr> lluppair, Du Columbier, 
Rof^*:, and Pilot, who have accepted the 

Mr. Pitt having received information 
of the following letter, which has been 
arfdrelTed by the Commilfioners for pro- 
viding the ('ubnflcnces and provifioot of 
the Republic, to the citizens. 

** Paris f I3lh Nhm. (Jan.) 
" Citizens! The wants of the Republic 
demand, that, conformably to the refoliuion 
of ttie uoitcd Commitfcss of Ftninnces, Ge- " 
neral Sa'etv, and Public Welfare, on the 7th 
inft. and agreeably to that of tlie Commitiion 
of this day, you deliver to the Commilfioners, 
as foon as poliible, an account of the exaA 
ilale of your propeity in merchandizes, of 
bills of exchange or cmJit in foreign coun- 
tries; and you arc required, within two 
days, to loilgc the fuid bills of exchange in 
the Puhlic Ti eifun , which after it ftfU h:we 
received the amount, will remit you to the 
vahic in ;>rtign.>ls at pat. We expeft frank- 
nAs :\vA expedition on your part. Any de- 
l.\y or fraud fliall be denounced with fcve- 
riiy. — Wc inform you that Government will 
take all poflible Iteps to difchartje at /wr the 
lawful debts which the republicans or the 
citizi'us may have due in foi ei^^n countries, 
others thofe wirh which the Republic 
is ;)t war. In omfequence, you are ex- 
pitlsly forbidden to t.ike any more paper 
vpi^y foreign countries, or to allow foreign- 
e;s to draw uprn you, without having cer- 
tihe > to Tie ComnulTion as to the employ- 
ment of tlieie funds. 

" The Prefident of the Commiflion, 

(Signed) R ." 

T fubmit therefore, that it i* cear, the 

\icw, nature, and cffc6V of their con- 

ttr.ts, i<i th\y, th^t whoever has the 

power of d'a^ving bills ol exchange— 

whoevei ha» dcbis to him from 

ptiidns m toitij^n couniries^whocvcr 

Ai* rhe diJlj-U 0/ /undi, mirchandizc, 

or property of nny (on in foreign COUQ- 

f/M '^ whoever now potfclie* auy oi 

thcfc on his indiridual accounr, fhifl 
deliver them up inHantly to the State, 
that tln.y may become the public pro- 
peity of France* and he fhiil receive ia 
lieu of them alfignats, at par, as a full 
p^^meot anrf equivalent for chat which 
he thus transfers to the State. Now, I 
think, it is obvious, this unites twp 
di(lin6l charaf^ert equally clear; the 
one, a robberv of the citizens of France, 
bf maicine them, whether they will or 
DO, transfer that which is yalaable for 
tht which they may not think valuable 
at all. They are ctinftrained to take at 
pa" that which at times has not been 
worth one-fcventh of par. 

The next thing is, that all debts ovv* 
ing from individuals living in countries 
at war with them, are to go to ftrengthen 
tht finevv^ of carrying on that war againft 
themselves. I think it is obvious, to 
prevent the effects of fuch a tranlaAion, 
that it is our duty to pay a certain regard 
to our own intereft» and our own prfiier- 
vation ; and if they were out of the 
queOion, a regard is due to the prefer^^ 
vation ,of mercantile good faith, in order 
to prevent our traasferringyby this mix* 
ture of fraud and force, the payment of 
their lawful debts from (he pcrfons who 
are entitled to them, to the Sute. As 
to'the general principles on this fubjed, 
I believe they arc known to every gen* 
tieman. On the abllr^^ p'lnciple o£ 
the law of nations, and, of this country, 
the payment of any debt owing to an 
alien enemy cannot be (uflained in time 
of war— that he cannot maintain an ac- 
tion for it— and the King might attach 
' it as belonging to an alien enemy, dut 
the mitigated praflice of modern times, 
from a dcfire to continue, even in a ftate 
of war, the benefits of mercantile inter* 
courle, which are for the advantage of 
individuals^, without intrenching on the 
public fafety, hafe long ago brought 
thefe principles in their full extent into 

But, though that practice is much to 
be applauded, when this ufe is made of 
it, yet, if inftead of anlwering the tirft 
end. which* I have ftated, that is — by 
prcfcrving the intered of individualt, 
fubjedk to the limitation of not dircdiy 
intrenching on the iaterefts of the State^ 
it inverts both thufe propolition^, by 
plundering and deftroying property, and 
fruHratiog the attempts to obierve good 
faith on your part : and on the other 
haiid, dirc6^1y, roaniicllly, and without 
d\(g\i\U vo tut tt a Vm^^X^ ^^^\ coUateral ly 

f^SatmtMr} prtettJingt tf Lvrit and Ctrnmettt in 1 794; a ^^ 

~ ~ .- - j^|.^ ^.^j^ mo»i for « bill for ibe fitfi objefl, in4 

ilfo to Tup- ihc oiher Ihatl b« proceeded oq Um 

fani|[i)irt| Grft opponuniiy. , 

□athewir- H. or LOKBi. 

cc, the hu> Fttntrf 3. 

of railie- Badezerand Sir*arf'« iiJtuntiMrinn 

to p-eo(«t bill p^flcd ■ Commitiet, eiiif »■■ or. 

omplicitcd dercd to be n|Mrt<d on Monday next. 

I overbcic- - — 

In the CoramoDi ibe Tarae daj, the 

therefore, Stiieiler GntriU, in cimfcqutnce uf the 

<t iiqniedi- ioiiniaiiaa giTcn on Saiurd«f ^y the ' 

fevcrc pe- Cbincellor of (be Ekehequcr, moved, 

11 bruDght *' That leave be given to brjng inablll for 

bill uf ex- pTevtniiDg.ilie ipplicaiion, to the ufc of 

any fundi, the prefcht gO'cramcat of Fnauof til 

. in Fnoect raoniy* and eflcfli ia ibe hand* of hit 

I operation Majefly'(rubjeai,thepropcityafi|)dJvi. 

duiltoF thatcouniT^, and For prel(nia|> 

mofl prcfl* fuch money and em&t to the ufe of iia 

itK»paI"t of time, there are other ob- individual owaen." Granted. 

]cA«, which the humanity of the Hnuft Tb* £((ri/<r]r«t Tiir, prevtoui tobb 

wilt fa|mcft/thu require their coDEd<r< moving for * gnat of the oumher of 

tioa. I Aare it •■ our firft objeA to dc- land- forcci for the eurrcnt year, and for 

ku «lir enemy, and to tsk* from the ordlntry and Mtraoidiaarv eaptacei 

thes the fruili Af tyranny (ad fraud, of the lame, flatad to the CoBmiiiem 

^MaBoilKrobjeawodhyof thcBriiiUi the pitticulara of the Tigoiau* efTotta 

Parliament it, to prevent the fu'bjeSk of wfaich had been made by AdminiflriiioK 

Vi»Ma fuVeriai from the lyaniiy of to eaabllO) a refpoflable body of Uad- 

PrwM i to prcftrvc eatjr* for Ihe'm the forcei for the fertiu of the prefect year. 

prafpefi of the payment of ihcrc dcbti, He took ■ review gf the diffwcat laad- 

*buh their own defpotifm would have cllablilbinenia ia the fereral year* of 

fcited from tbcm. There ii another ibe 'itc and preceding wart and Aated, 

objeA t^ually impartint. Whaievir that upward! often tbouTand men more 

mtifiira may be ntceff^r*, you nught had been raiTcd in the courfe of laft 

to bear in mmd, litiil, in your aiicmptt year, than had been riifed in any one 

to preferve tbc prapEny, you do not ytar of either of the left wan. He then 

heaard facrificiog tile live (if ihnlE un- muted, that 60,144 men, including 

fortunate perfonii and therefore to con- 3SS1 invahdi, coniai:l1ionEd and oun- 

ceal their iiiinci will btcome t iicctlTiry comm'lfiuned ufEcert, be granted to hit 

p<nof your duiT. Thii it a fatter of Majefl; fur the fervice of die yeari794. 

delicacy, and mav lequirc much cunli- MV. fiuffi) wa> in hopei he Ihould 

dtratiao. The Kill of thefe objefli it ht'C hC:<rd the Right Hoa. GeuiltmaB. 

fopteffingin poiaiuf time, ihat I Ihatild explain to ih« Committee whit real 

h*<e thuugbi it my duty this diy to hcDafit had rtlulied to the country from 

have moved For leave to bring in 1 bill the augmcotaiioa of the lall year, or 

OM ihit fubjed, if 1 nad not been of w;ii likely to rclult from the prtrtnt 

osinioo, ahcf confultiug Tome rer|ieA- immcnfe tflablilhmcnt. He thuugbt 

able gcDilcmcn who are »cll acquainted that the moltvigoroui eztrtioat pollible 

with tbc bufinalk, that the fhort delay of ihii couniry conid never do an; fcr- 

bettveeii thitand MoodiT cinbe aticnd- vice to the taurc fhe wai engaged ini 

cd with no bad itTeA. Parliament will and that a third part of the money ea- 

take feme eipeditnt on the mearurcj pcnded in rn'rinc equipment would b« 

Md after what I have (latcd, there ttuu uF infinitely tiuiie kivicc. He Ihould 

probability that' any 'merchant in the have been more plealed, if, ioliead o( 

country will accept any bill ol cachangc, £ leamen, 100,000 had been voted 

or do anyiA which will prc<cni the lull the oihCr night. 

cflTeA of immediate meal'urei, which tbc Majir hiaiilmnd thought the pie'eit 

w'lfdam of Patliament may tliink proper the fiitetl opportunity to make a Is.'Jf 

to adopt. On Monday neat I myfelf, ohfervationt rel.uive todteCulvuL&Vnlm^ 

or fomc of my honourable Iricoda, mil die Cotitmittcc, 1cL« (ati^'^^ftn^ '^uk. 


240 ParSamtntary Pr$ciidings of L^rdt and Cgmmons in 1794* 

mode adopted by Government for raifing minifcfted by MioiAers in that iuftince 

mcr, nanelv, by the fale of CommilTions, «» in every other part of the campii?^. 

which lie contcodtd was a Io(io^ hargain It would be madnefs to attempt to em:Gt 

to the public, as a certain annuity tor a landing, until the Royal party were in 

the lives of the purchaier^ was fold at a polTenion of a p'>rt ; and. in expeftarion 

▼crv inai'tquite priee, and at the fame of thar event taking place, his Lord(bip 

time it had the cflF 61 of (hurtnt; out of- and the armament watted a confiderabJe 

ficcrs of experience and merit, who tirt>e at Guernfey and Jcrfey. Thc^ fai- 

mipht oiherwife ha c l>een taken from lure on the part of the Ro)alifts could 

the half-pay lift. He then advened to not, in the fmallefl degree, be imputed 

the opcrat>on of the late c/impaign, into to the Government of this country. 
which <ul>jc6\ he went pietty much in Mr. Hufiy, faid he was (ick of the 

detail, and cenfurtd the plan laid down war on the Continent. At the fame 

by Mlnift^r& for its conduf^. The mif- time he would not heiitate to declare, 

carriage of Dunkiik was to be attributed that, if any good and fubftantial reafons 

to the fending an inadequate forct to were advanced by Miniflers for profe- 

a'tack it; and to the unpardonable neg- cuting a land war, he would not oppofc 

left of the Miniflers a: the head of the the motion. ^ 

naval and oidrance departments rcfpeft- Captain Birkthy ftated, that the or- 

in^ the gun-boat< ^nd artillery; to the den which were received for thejailing. 

confcqutnce of this mifcairiage was to of the gun- boats were,^that they fiiuuld 

be imputed, in a certain Aegiec, the re-^ be before Dunkirk between the 21ft and 

capture of Mauheuge, and even the ca- 24th of Auguft { and that accord inglj 

tai'rophc of Toulon ; as the affair of they arrive^d there on the 23d. 
Dunkirk was the (ignal foi rallying the The CboMCilldr of the Excbiquer ob« 

French, by giving them a mean opmion ferved, that the anfwer to the Hon. 

of Bri'Jfh prowefs. He glanced at the Gentleman's (Mr. HufTey) t^ueftioa 

propofcd expedition undejr Lord M^ira, woold lead to what no reafonable man 

which, inHead of making an inroad into would require, namely, a detail of the 

France, h.^d ended in the invafion of intended operations of the campaign, 

England with a body of foreign troops. He would, however, fay generally, that 

Ht: was forry to ohferve, that, indead of it was obvious, Atuated as France it, 

having the whole lupoly of lad year ap* and embaiked as we were with powerful 

prupriattd to purpf^fes of war, a great allies, naval operations alone would not 

part of it was expended in maintaining do, and that land operations would be 

an extravagant flatt, and the unneceHary fjund,'aud always had been experienced, 

creftion of barracks. a very neceQary fupplemental ifliftance 

Mr. Jenkiwfom contended, that the to the former in every point of view, 

plan laid down by Minillcrs for conduc- He then in a fpeech of fome length re- 

t'mv; the- campaign, and the efforts of the. capitulated the arguments which had 

fevei a) ofticcrs in its execution, was fuch been ufcd by his Hon. Friend (Mr* 

as merited the appKaufe, inP.cad <>f the Jenkinfon) in defence of the roeafures 

cenfurr, of the Houfe. The enterpr.ze of the late campaign, and evinced, feem* 

againd Dunkirk had been commenced as ingly much to the fatisfaftion of the 

early as the feafon, with a view to the Committee, that the deliberative and 

health of the troops in fuch a low marlhy executive officers on thofe occafiont 

loil, would permit i and though the en- merited praile indead of cenfure. 
terprizc had unfortunately failed, yet it Mr. Fex in a maderly fpeech repeated 

was not without its good effc£\s, for it and fupported the arguments of Major 

made a confiderable diverdon from the Maitbnd. 

armies on the Rhine and the Mofelle, ' Medrs. Bafiard^ Dundat^ and Sir if. 

the good effcfts of which were felt by Ton^i^ faid a few words on the fubjeft, 

the Allies in that quaner. He defended when the quedion, being loudly called 

the conduft of Miniders, and the odicers for, was put, and agreed to by the Com« 

engaged on the occaiion, in the affair of mittee. 

Toulon ; and aflerted, it was in its effeftt The Secrttarj at War then moved for 

one of the mod imponant advantages a grant of the diffeient expences of the 

ever gained by this country over France, army ordnances and extraordinaries, iL% 

inafmuch as it annihilated her marine in well as for the fubfidence of the above* 

the Mediterranean. With refpeft to the mentioned troops, all which were agreed 

iotcndcd expedition under Lord Moira, to; as were thofe of the ordnance, oa 

ibc fame rigilMncc jud a^rity had been the mouou oi CiL^\^\«L UirktUf, 

I794»] Riww •/ Niw PuhEcatim. \' ' 241 

%%, Bofn md KtcfOhihnf gnmM m tie CoUtaim 9f SsitPutieu By William Vaa- 

^fifimSlhuiimiftbe emigrMt MqHkert rf d«r£Us«if ^• 

tfjrjKMM CrtWJr Ckunl mw rtfidtMi in ^^^ Vthderftcgto htvlng eonifaaed 

'W"**' . ^ ,^^ ' the fet^falc workt in Portfe\iflc» for the 

TUB ^tijOK «S|ireirn a ciiidH ind y^^^^ ^ ^ ItriarioD, 1771; dtfcovtr^ 

. Wottv^bt bopctaod wiOi that the g^^ ,bufet in the colkakm of dutiea 

olgraau may be Mvccd rothfok more ^ |hem. Ic 11 impollible to detail tHe 

fMnjmblf of'7rot«ftam«n» if not <6 federal chargei and th«ir proofs j bo>» 

c«ibnM III a»d n9\mkg6r'dtMn it a he- adinittiii|( diem to bt fabftaatiated, they 

itf^; ftMl/onder thtt impi«ffion» treat calliotidly for rcdreff. 
itt firfft go f i hariily^ 

..^M.^fl«ff n- o mi^ 21* jf Difioiirje 9H tie Ctfuktd ^ ihi Gwerit-' 

'*«r. W«4JWWi». rf nuM a #r*. j^^^ ^ ^^ Mth.^'^Bj CbarM 

M^HgXyOtibft Cittpc^ Bafiikgftoke, . ' 

Hmm. m»A «M i4;pf JNfitfy €nitMmng iif- «< THE fbUowtng diiflOttrfe wat writtai^ 

t$Hui nd exfloMt^tj. N^teu in 17579 by Charles Tenkinlbo, efq. n»n 

Mr. Jdlerloo** poctrf ti not witboot l<*d Hawkelbanr. Great Britain, was at 

:■• Ami^m^ t m m . ** time engaged in a war with Frlnce, an4 

«Biitiio«r aomorotliAfraiabltmi ^frnttMs ^ ^y^ ^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^ 

». « TS'L^'-.s— e o^ A.1.^. — t ^hlch Oie wat bound 10 afll.t Great Britain 1 

«H«^Siiperililk«tan.thefol«mni*iP'. |^ f^ftrtd her fufcjeas not only cotradeto 

. •* B^li^W Ed^wrd" it at improper an Franw, but to afibrJ prmnaion to the pro- 

ephhec ak 'Sfbvmvfd fot David king petty .of the enemy, to fnppty him with 

ot Scott becaufe taken and confined in naval aod military ftora^ and to bring td 

Odiam caffle, ' the French poftt io Enrbpe the pndnce of 

'JSL9m'6»t% tho French WeillDdia iflandi. TheBniilb 

^Artbnrer^^'drefleftthewMfM'CBiMf' gDvemment prdered all the Dutch fliipf^ 

pf - ' . laden with the*property of the enemy, or 

tt IM^fSHcIiafiM' thii latiar namte.)** ? ' ^^^ vxe^ and military ftores, or^with thn 

nil mi epnf^nding find^, or rather ?^?*^. ^**^^J[^JTf '^"^^'^^^ 

15 ■ !t.S! r iJv— 5. A / ur4«»it*A*rV» to be (biied aod brongbt into port for legal 

Sf***/?^^"" L .It^STfr^^^^ adjndlcarion. The ierchantJ of ^olbSid 

The- prefatory aeccmot ft "ken from ^onftf^jed againft this meafure. wbxh 

Mr. Loggan't " HtiVory of the Brother- ^^^^ yj^^ ^ a raoft lucrative trade, 

hoodf orUuild, in this Chap*!, 1741, jj^ jj^^ Bri»i(h gofernment perfcvcred. 

8V0. with the addition of a tradition of 1^$ j,fcourfe was written in fiipport of 

fceen Sa«on kingtf worfliipptiig here to- the principlet on which the Britilh govcm- 

gether, from Camden, in whofe Britan* ment at that time aAed. It \vns tranfbted 

nla. however, we cannot find ir.^ The and reprinted In almoft every language of 

notet are iiicfuU and furnilh a Latin epi* Europe t and it is now republi(hed from the 

taph on Mr, John flook. paflor of the heft edition at the defire of fevcral noble- 

diffentioe cODgregation at Bafingftoke, men and gentlemen, who think th^, in the 

«»here hi died and was buried. 1710. prcf«wt circnmftances, it may be eqnaUy 

In the titlc-p:»ge in a pretty view of the «foful." Ak^rtifmem, 

ch.ipcl ruins, drawn by Terrell. We The ftyle and rcafoniDi^ of this excel- 

wiQi Mr. J. woald give us Ibmc more \^^^ pamphlet ftand not in need of any 

views and account of Bafiogfloke and rccommeodation from nt. The prin« 

the oeighbourhood* cipies of it arc cdabUlbed by, the ahlcft 

civilians, and admitted by all civilized 

30. Of>feroafhm on the Frauds frmaifid in tie ^^^ commercial nations. 
Cofie^ion •f 6Vi// Dutiis, and the Mifcondua 

9f O^crt fairly dated. By William Van- - ^ , ^ ^ . , , 

t^tfJ, ,/^ Reading, 8v« 54- ^^ f «"** ^'J'.f^'*"!'^'*' 

^ • , , ^, f L.t^xa Houfe of Commons and tbe JnemtaUfy ^ the 

31. ^ Rrfutation of tie Chagss ^^g*'^ W. ^^ J^ ^Jned.onjeintlj. Bj J. B^aod, 

Vrci\on, and other Merchants concerned in tbe ^. ' . . « r !_• • , ^ 

Sah Trade, fifar as tbefe 'Onirges refpe^ THE ohj^a of ihls Wruer (whom Wt 

/Atf Thames- iirecia«;>a«yc/SJ/(/>»»/or/<Ti. prefume to be ont aod the fame with 

- „ - D ,,, , . ,u..i^j h^f^,^»um thr editor of- Bourne's Vulgar Brrors« 

Cnjrr. Miio. March, 1794* 

Review of N€W Puhlicatlons. 


Sec. A. S.*) IS to fliew thit tbc altera- 
tion of ihe.conflituiion of [l.ctl.irtl tflate 
n iDCc mpitible with ilic equalizariort of 
tbc Uno-rax» and rhat it is impolVhle to 
obtain both end*, To much dtfifcd by 
certain (pcculaiois io reform. The ai- 
puintnt If: obvious : the more the num- 
ber of it^>icrcntJiti«-es is 'tier aCd. the 
more wi!l bt- the wtight of landed pro- 
prietors in ihe Houie «f Commons, and 
the more detei mined and fuccefsful tt cir 
oppofition to fuch a mtafurc as the 
cqua).7a;:on ot the land-tax, whctV>cr 
at the prcat rano of 4/. in the p« und, 
or at hnif that fum. b< me equalization 
of it is Ciewn to be abfo'urtlv and un- 
avoidably nticll r.' to tht ccmfvMl and 
enjovn>cni of foctity. Mr Biamt's jca* 
for.irg is certainly wtll-founOe^, but 
we are fui prized to fee fo much ty- 
popraphic;il inct-trt^lncrs in a publica- 
tion bv a i^ent!cmrn vthom uc luppofid 
fo convcrfanr wiUi tie ptef&, and fo 
near to it. A wh<j1e pa^tr of ccrrd/'.lirns 
appears I'Ctwcto the bo k and the ap- 
pendix, includint; crra a in both, and a 
vv^olc paragraph cf ii^e lints, p. i;q, 
printed twice over. TV.t origin of the 
clifj^rtportion of the land-tax is to be 
fi>und, in 'a tcr; earlv pfiod of our hil?o- 
rVi in the -incicrt fubfidie*:. The afl'ttT- 
men: of i6()3 continues, w'th verv little 
cl»mgc, to be tlje Aandard of the prefrnt 
till e. The arguments in favciur of the 
irnuiry are Itatid and ccnndered. Se6t. 
3. treats on tie- pjol ii^ility that the a- 
iD'rdiii'nt of the \d\\i\ tax mu:1 be in- 
«i. ^fd ar a very nc.\r ptriot*. The fti- 
Z'Tc of iht. church -Utids in France is 
• iilv th.e tuniciiit of a plan brought 
lot ward in the aflvirrvert <f tlic flate- in 
the reign of Clurir^ IX <>ut not car- Sc£l. 4. tieios on the mc^fuTc of 
the difprcportion oi liic cha«ge- cf l<infl- 
tax, ori rhc h(^me and (rmoie (iflnf^s, and 
ir& 'Onk'-ju'-nfCf. Se£V. «;. On the ?.d-- 
ciirion pj.poicu to be r^adc to ihr r. pr-;- 
fcnraiion b^ rhc plans of v^h^ and i7'j;o. 

** By an eqii^liz.iiinn of the l.mJ-t^ix fuch 
an addiii* n may be m.. '« applicable to ilic 
f'nkinp, fund, tbnt it will v-ry ftvm bv :ts 
oivijoper. tK.n •"ec<vme, as it l*;^ hoen cHed 
i'k :I is ',i: 'Vi aci 3i'v<iu*tc fund. Itiin^ b<?cn 
r^' wii u. be- i\w pM.|Krty </*hat fund,, 
V >.::«: it !<; ApphcU t<i the extin^ion of capi- 
t.-'l. .1 lith \r. f'*«; to ]ncr«a('e pcriodicr^liy. 
B; -hi ' ;HT:»'u^n «'f 'nrh a tu;.d it is evident 
tUA' kW: (lire of flvck V u'J ^*? iu;poitcdy 
l,ii ill .nU vv.'r, at a .:.!"?• uhmIi 
U'if.\.er J,ur <tC p4cVent c;<n poUibly tnke 

* I'iixc this wvai pji.;:cd, ucare iiifwinied 


place. Hence' the vah^e of the fiinded in- 
come of the great body of pv^blic creditors, 
tl^e proprietors of ihe ^ fcr cent. Oockt and 
the irredcemnbte annujucF, will he very 
greatly uici^eafed, while the iotereft of ca- 
pi'rd in trade will be reduced, :aid ihat great 
clafs of men will he benefited by fome mo- 
der?.te inrrr:ife of profit, and by a new fa- 
culty of obtaining cnpltil uhen an oppoi- 
tuoity of emph>ying a greater to adramage 
■ prefents itfelf. Thefe are thej confequences 
of a revenue acquired by : n eq'.:alization of 
the tax ff> applied j it is t!ie only apparent 
ai»cliorof national hope; jullic^ demands it 
from thti bndtid pi oprfttoi^ <^f the r«mot0 
diftrias; the-y themfelves wj'.l be great 
Iharcrs in the benefit uhich the puhluk 
may thus icceive from it, and Ko far il.c 
cxpi-nce of their faciificc will be Icllcu- 
cd; but, 1 liiink, an c j! aci;u;h- 
ment to the good of thc'r coutury ought to 
make them prefeive it for t'»i^ purpofe, to 
give it up on uo other c< iiditioM. But, if, 
before tJ»e equalzation be ob ained, the 
commiTcial intercfl and t'-c public credit 
ctMicur in any plan f^r ti.e alteration of t^c 
i'*prenlati.,n, which aJi.s to ilie mwionif 
cf nxm^KMs of tl»c remote dil>ri^?s in the 
H'ufc of ( (jmm'*n^, they rci^der it app.t- 
rt'/uly iiTi^iollihle, and deihoy the founda- 
tion of \\ c I W*\ I o-es. N<i iKxlieji of n»fn 
e3;ii>, uhoic inter r ft at this jimauie ihcuJd 
lerd tlicm more ftronpjlv to «.^>po<e the al- 
tcnUipn of t' c coultiiutioii of tUe Coma*, us 
t1;atitl»e inhabitants of « ur commfrcnltitits 
and towns, 4x)th in the horns and icmote 
diftrids, together with tlic great body of 
our public creditors f and perhaps it would 
be diflicuk t> fix \\\k\\\ .1 mcafure winch it 
wai their iiitereft to unite ;dl their Itrength 
againa" (p 125, 126). 

The Appcndixccfttains the llatcrocnts 

3 c. Tight Sfrm^m, hy tU Rev, J. Porttr, 
/?. D. Fi-f/'^w e/ Corpvc Chrifti Co/I^ge, 
Cambt idge. 

KLAiN pra6^ical<l!fccurfe?, publiftcd 

by an calv <uh.'cripM<,n «i. the neighlH^ui- 

lu» d of Cl.ffliunt, iio:n;ti<;on, a-nd Am- 

wtl!, ut.crt wtrc pic-'cli'd, en 

dcali, tilt iciunefiioi,,. dai of judfxc 

mer^t, S' fcht^is, on the oper.inir 

<r «n o'tan at Chi.fliui.(, oa oui oei^h- 

Ivni;, and on religion in gtnera!. )•. 

tha: on the opening «f the <Ht*n, c'cdi- 

t-te.l to iVJcfiis. Lorg,n4i; and K (xlttjp, 

who iP^de ir, Mr. I*, <^l<e•fv«•^ '* tbjt 

coQceivitig thar a t.'ilcf u:f. of this rjture 

would to many U u.iir.teiiftn.g. and 

kinwing that nuaibers of ;holc i»ho rj«i| 

a^ainfl the dodrioe oi lU- church nrr.jf- 

tcfK would be drawn togLihci tiirough 

tviirfKy, he ua. iiiouced to take tht fub- 

jcoi ul S;. Paul 10 fchxi ^^'^ it puil'ble, 


ijlivinu if Ntw PuUuaiiim. 


M might impreff Q|>on their minds a THBpofTciTorof tbis copy, firont oo« 

frot Bockw of relieKNi, as coDfirmcd by of his anccOors having been fergcattC 

itemiT apoftic of the Gcntilet, in op-' at arms to kin^ Henry VIII* (he mif^t 

pofinn* to thoCs abfurd kleat of the as well have given his name), in imita- 

frofptt delivered bt tl^e prracbers of tionof the puhlicatipn of Royaland No- 

thafcpMffe.ftyled Mrthodi(*«« \«'bo now ble Wi])s;^ by Mr. Nichols, aod that of 

firarm ta almoA every pariih ibrouab- 
jovr^kiiMoni/' and who, our readers 
«in faetfUeS* hiijsferred lady Hunting- 
dd9Vcol!«f{t frbn W'ates to ChcOiunt. 
Mr. Port^ pcopolts ftortly \o publilh 

Heary VII. by Mr. AftU, was induced 
to continue the f|n)e, by publiftiog this ^ 
of' Henry VIII, tlioDghamady ill Ful* 
ler't. Church Uiftory, and an extraft 
from it in Heylin's Hifiorv of the Re« 

*« tibn Hardfcipf of the Inferior Cleri^y, formatino Wc learn from it, thK Hen- 
. aid Hmcoaleqiieat Decline of Religion.*' ry VIII. with all his zeal t^Axn^ Pope- 
ry, d*cd in the comoiun on ot the church 
3C. SMftrimmtt w tie Gmtrtuhv tf^ Air ftm of Rome. 
ffmtfT I la «Bito5 «iir prtfixrd F.xpethiuHtt 
wilniimg H tht DtrmfvfitiiM of depU^jfh 
€mui,md iiifiaimMt Atr, fr*m tht I'hih' 
Jafhi€miTriifmeHmnf Vol. LXXXL ^.213. 
JB> Jofeph Wieitli^, LL.D, F.RS. csfe. 

THK Dr. informs us, t(iat, Itavirg 
dec!aured, that, notwithflinding il>c 're- 
peated rtjeaioo of Mr. Cowpcf, recom- ^IZ' 'TV JiViriii ^l *^'^'*" •*" 
mended » the Royal Socictv In' himf.lf. ^^"^^^ ^^^^** hardiv hat e imagme 
;.«*!. other, fhe moftf.fent.fic •"V 8'"°^5?* remained for an anony- 
mous tol.eaor, whom we underitand tQ 

be a fchoolrpafteft who beait double arms, 
and, lof his motto, C$$tttHi9, - In the 
iile of Thanet, tic has cx>mincd ilic 
cKurchet of«8t John at Margate, St. 
Peter, St. Laurence, NLinfire^ Monktw^ 
St Nicholas, Blrtb'mp%m, In E«ft fCeor« 

38. JtTmr tlumgh the Ifla •/ Thanet 4a/«. 
fime fher f/acfs ofE^ft Kent, iurfudSpg s 
particular Deftriftim tf the Cbmreba itt that 

A F TER the ample collt^ions of mo* 
numcnta. infcripc'oos in the county of 
Kent, from Weevcr to Lewis and 


and fcveral' others this moft fcrentific 
membcr» of it, he ihould not quarrel 
with the loftkution, or iotcrmk ro 
cofrnnnnicaie his difcoveriesi but the 
Sticiuf,- by rejedini!: a moft rrfpe£t»ble 
candidate merely 00 account of hi% Tup* 
pofed, politieal 'principles^ has (hewn a 
find de»crminaiio) to reje/^ any candi- 
date whoTe politcal principles they do 
Boc approve ; and tl)i< has made him 
conclude that any commun cations from 
^.'4i would be unacceptaV^e to them. 
He therefore Ihall not trouble them w>(h 
them* but adopt this lefk cligib e mode 
of publication. 

** llie experiments, of whidi an acroiiiK 
ic given inbotht^eie papers, are unfavour* 
aMe t» the new fyftem of chemi dry. —That 
I have no very ftrong attachment to any 

Aih, IVit^ghamp ?rtfion^ Btmjlone^ Slow* 
moMtb, Stotimarjk, wL'kbam Brtaus, lek- 
bam, Litihbourm, In Cantcrbuiy, St. 
Martin, St. Paul, Burgate.RreiCt, Sr. 
Ge-Mge, St. Aodrew, St. MacKaiet, St. 
M»ry Rredon, St. Mildred, St. Due- 
ftiin, St. Strphen, alias H«ckini'ron, Holy 
croN. Weft ijaTc, St. Alpb:>,»e, N"riligaTc, 
St. Pcttr, All Saints St. :Vf»rv lircti- 
m*u*', Tf*£fKif»^ton. Ctpr ham. Chiham^ 

* 111 tbi> c'lurch »tl>e fi.itvwirg epitaph 
tbenrics of my own ha5 appeared ill all my on (mr worthy friend and roip-fponUentf 

faft pabUeations on phiiofoptiical fubjfClsi 
aod will farther appear io this." 

How far Dr, P. interferes with Dr. 
Harrington's fyHem may he learned 
from leveral pages of our prefent aod 
laft volumes, and from the two volumes 
of the Medical Spe6lator. Againfl the 
charge of inierfeiing with Dr. Ipg-n<v 
houc, he cautions the reader io this 
pamphlet, p. 24. Thtfe obfrrvations are 
dedicated to ttie members of the Lunar 
Society at ftirmini;ham, who meet every 
roonthi 00 the Moncay nearefl to the 
full mo6n« in order to have the bene tit 
of tta light io retaining home. 

j7. 7*- fFi// rf K*9ig Htnrf V//f, frm an 

Mr. nunc(Aibe»an«i hiA family, p. 597, 39i. 

** Saral) £ltz..beth Dunotmhe 

c*aueh'e< df t e Rev. Mr. 

JoUn Du'icomhf, reclor 

of this parilh, aiid Sutanna 

his wife, who died Get. 

179 1764, aged 10 months. 

V/illam lAincombe, r.nof 

the alovc, t'ieU FcH. 26, 

Z7^7» >Et^ 2 weeks'* 

On a fmall (lone dofe to the hcttom of ' 

the above : 

die J Feb. 1 c, iTf^o, 
aged 5 mouths '* 
On a ccmmou iXou^^ t\o\t \^ >a^^ ^w^Xv 
fide of the 'dbova *. 


Review of New Puhrtcations. 


Codmtrjbsm, Mflajb, Bm^ilf/mire, Lever' 
UnJ, Tbrou^bliigb, SBfUtuiek, SiiUmg, 
Bsugbtaitf Pfkfiotf Faverjham, baving- 
toM, Goodntfiomt Gravemtjf Htmebili, Sea* 
falter, UrbitflapU, SivaUcUff, BUam, Har* 
hltdotut* and hofpital. Starry, Fordivieb, 
WePere^Cbiflitt Heatb, H^me, RKruivr, 
with 50 pages of addeoda»i and cii>hc 
iniliffercnc plates of- churches, bralTcs, 
feals, &c. 

" Haviiiff row finilhed our tour, in the 
couire, and agreeably to the phn, firfllaid 
down, afcer prcmifmg, tliat, ifthefc flictts 
ihoiiUl meet with the indulgence and fmiles 
of tlic gentrous publick, it is the intenrioa 
of the aiuhor to refume and «txteiid ir tn all 
the remaining; church«s in the diocefe of 
Caiu» rbuj7 (fci Vriuch he has a' ready fomc 
Inindrcd pagfS of rrvmiifcript prepared), 
when an alpliaheiicil index of lumes^ &c* 
will be give«j." 

Thedefcription of churches and other 
buildings is too f»»D*»rficial. Mr. Ba-- 
icii's Gothic manfion is cbaraftirifcd 
as '• a rural feat, remj^ikah'c iVr it«i Go- 
thic architcd^urc j it hi»s much the a >- 
pca-arat ofa '?tf.'»i/A convent mcden izd, 
anil, oa a t.-ar '.nfpe£licn, difplay ihe 
inijfnuity and n.hilrcy of the arcbittft, 
^1:. VV^vatt, who has made what wis an 
iaJiiTcrcDt houfc the comfortable re(i- 
i\cac': of a man of lafle an^f kncwiegc" 
(p. 141). Wf^ thought t!ie HftcniOiin^ 
clcclinim^ ruin, adjoining to tihcll.eri's 
t iw: r, at Canr-rbury (p 149), had been 
laulv t.k'.n •luite away. In Minfter 
chuich rl.trc ]% the following ep>taph for 
the late Governor Verel.l, p. 469. 
** Near tbtx p*ace 
lieth the hody 
of .< :o^.' *v. the county of Thriy 
formally go- Lin >i ot Bengal^ 

•,»" u lid 

,j^ - d'rparted this life 

^ Oaobfrtl.e 24lh, 1785, 

aged ^4 y^rars. 

He rnarricd ^nn, coheitefs 


of IVadzvorth 

in the county '.{ J'ori, 

and of Levcnfare 

in this parifh, 

and left by her four Tons 

and five daughters." 

Adjoining to Chilham church is a 
jinapn:tictnr circular MAufolcum of the 

re<5lor of this parifh, with 

that of Saint Andrew annexed 2 

vicjirof Heme, 

and one of the {}% preachers 

in the ca:hedral. 

Ofj^Jmj^, tyhC, act. 56.'* 


Colebrook family, which cod 2OC0I. 
and was Bniflied 175 5* under the di- 
rection of Mr. Tavlor, with receffe^ for 
4a ccffins, of which only eight are oc« 
cupicdi and the eftate, after 50 years 
pofleinon hv the Colebrooks, paiTed, by 
a6l of parliament, into the hands of the 
Herons, the prefect poflTcffbrs. 

A figure, d//ar#tf//K of a^ri^, 1415, 
in Chilham church, p. 241, ha«ir\g the 
infcription of a maa and 'wife ^ muft be 
a miOake. 

We arc grieved to fee prior Chil- 
lenden make fuch a figure 00 paper as 
in pi. V. 

39. Wftoire iu C'erge pfftJanf fa R'^iofuttoH 
Frjfipifg ; Otrjragi d Jiie a la Nation An- 
gfoiff. Par I* <»AA/Bvrue?, siramm'er Ae fon 
yjhejjijere'ujfme la Ptincejfe it Conti." 

Ific , ■d'iry of the C/erny /fun'ig the French R^ 
v^'utlon; ti l^'\rk ded'eated to th F.nfUfb 
Nttrn, Bv the .'ihi>j B irn»cl, riltHaner 
to berjerent Higbnefs tht Princeft of Conct. 

IF tiierc waned a^'.v aggiavjrion of 
the fanpuinary and Oivjfge «l:rj^ofuii)n of 
tl)C Fr-nch nation fhaii we fav, or ^^- 
'Vfr/imfntf a»'tcr tlx horrfb'c ftsne^ id- 
ci ar Lyons, and vaiious pari^ of that 
diftiiiCtcd kingvlom, wc would recom- 
mend to our r M.nrrs the ab' v* vro'ks, 
and an Ab?>ra6i of them, iuft puhliflKd 
for the bcn« ft of tiir rmipr^nt French 
cUrpy, witli t.ccar?cn.;i i.otcs and « {pre- 
face bv' tlie abi^ra«9''r, a> the moft c-mi* 
nt£lcd'1 c. the niachioaiiois and 
prafc^iccs ijii'iit fo la ge, ard *vr mty 
add fo innocent, a part of th- c"7Hnu- 
mty*. Tr.cir miilt was alTur.K ! as a 
pietfcxt for getting rid of «'i'»n '>/ every 
poHible means ; anr', '".^r .; cir wealth 
was taken awav, a "i .i* n* inflcence 
h: k'*n, n rliinvj of u* pormnc; rcnuin- 
et! but 'hKii ti'is. i uat fa-.rifice was 
oflcrcd up on tl.; j'ar rf drfroitc libtr- 
1y i» her.^combs, of 64.000 clergy of 
var'<iu. I'.dr.s anJ far6\«ons, and 138 
prelaic^, driven from their !t,<tioos or 
m-^flAcrcd, The plot wis rathrr to ex- 
tsrput; the rchgion of Jefus Clirift than 
f ron> any neccility to fecurc the new cort- 
ftitution, and to gratify the favage wi(h 
of the fhilofopbic Djdbrot, to fee the 
laft of kings fl^anglcd with the entrails 
of the laft uf prif^fts, p. 50. 

« i78biniopsand archbiftiops, and 40CO 
curates and vicus, driven from their fees and 
their pariflies for rcfufing to take an oatli 

♦ M. B. rcfcts to .1 Flinch work ** Hit des 
Hor\ev\v$ covtvmls a Pans" for averted facls 
lo (ci ve 'AS* 9k UvSlQC^ ol v^-i ^vtViwv ^twxvxrj , 


f^g^l . RmiW •/ New FuhEcatimiu 1145 

W wMcli tW naft lu|Vi Incurred the gnilt he ftid the numher wat s8,ooo^ tnd ma- 
- yy *?*' ^ «polteqr I aii the clergy, all oy more were faerificed (incc I* The Pa- 

fki liKgiwa «f MCh ftoees, robbed of ihe riiians. to the amount of '3 or 400,000* 

fiupified wtih fear^ without coo6dcra-> 
rion, ttoanimity, or he id. and tooj^reac 
cowards to fupport thofe who widied 
to eztricite tbcm out of the ibyft into 
which ihey had plunged thcmfeltct, by 
their xooftitational rcbell2pn,<p-the very 
men lately fo triumphant at the dcilruc* 
tion of the Baftile, the humiliation of 
the king, nobles, court, and parliaroentSf 
—-were difmayed at the fight of the Jaco« 
btns. The pneifh who cfcaped death* 
and were permitted to quit the kingdoiPt 
were plumUrrd in thtir way, and ex- 
pofed to a thoufaod dajigen and bard« 
ihtps. The apofltopbc of the author ott 
their approach to tliii country is fob* 
Hmely pathetic 1 our hmits do not aUovr 
u$ to cranfcribe it, but it has been tran* 
fcribefl into the ** AbftraA" of this work 
juft publiflied. 

In jollificatjon of the laity, who, it- 
might feem, fliould have exerted them- 
fclves to flem the torrent when it firft 
thieatened to defolate their couotrv, M. 
Barruel abler fes, that "thofe i»ho re« 
** proach them with not having in 
*' Fiance to (erve the cajurc of toyihy 
" arc tittle acquainted 'ufith the nature 
" o.Mhe Frrsch refulution, or the means 
** by which