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Full text of "The Gentleman's Magazine"

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t 




43 



t 59* 3 

Dr. JO VINSON'S Letter to the Earl of 

CHESTERFIELD. 

My Lord, /#* 1755. 

I HAVE been lately informed, by the proprietors of the World, 
tliat two papers, in which my Diftionary is recommended to 
the publick^ were written by your Lordfhip. To be fo diftinguifhed 
is an honour which, being very little aCcuflomed to favours from 
the great, I know not well how to receive, or in what terms to ac- 
knowledge. . . , , . 

When, upon fomc flight encouragem^nl* I &ft viftted your 
Lordlhip, I was overpowered, like ifee reft of mankind, by the en- 
chantment of your addrefs, and could not forbear to wi(h, that I 
might boaft myfelf // vainqueur du vainqueur de la terr$\ that 1 might 
obtain that regard for which I faw the world contending. But I 
ibund my atten^nce fo little eAcoiiragckl, that /neither pride, nor 
modefty, would fuffer me to continue it. When I had once ad- 
drefied your Lordfliip in public, I had exhaufted all the art of 
pleafing, which a retired and uncourtly fcholar can poflefs. I had 
done all that I could { aad no man is well ple^li^d to have his all 
neglefled, be it ev^r fo little. 

Seven years, my Lord, have now pafled fince 1 waited in your 
outward room, or was repulfed from your door ; during which time 
1 have been pufliing on my work through difficulties, of which it is 
ufelefs to complain ; and have brought it at kft to the-verge of pub- 
lication» without one aft of affifiance, one word of encouragement, 
or one fmile of favour. Such treatment 1 did not expeft, for I ne« 
ver had a patron before. • 

The Shepherd in Virgil grew acquainted with |^ove^ and found 
him a native of the rocks. 

Is not a patron, my Lord, one who looks with unconcern on a 
man ftruggling for life in the water, and, when he has reached 
ground, encumbers him with help? The notice which you have 
been plcafed to take of my labours, bad it been early, had been 
kind ; but it has been delayed till 1 am indi£Fcrent, and cannot en- 
joy it; till I am folitary, and cannot impart it ; till 1 am known, 
and do not want it. I bop^ it is 1\o very cynical afperity not to 
confefs obligations where no benefit has been received ; or to be 
vnwiUing that the publick 4hou]dxoniider me as owing that to a 
patron, which Providence has enabled me to do for myfelf. 

Having carried oil my work thus far with fo little obligation to 
any favourer of learning, I fliail not be difappointed, though I 
fhould conclude it, if Jefs be poffiblc, with leis ; for 1 have been 
long wakened from that dream of hope, in which 1 once bqaftcd 
myfelf with fo much exultation. 

My Lord, 

Your Lordfliip's moft humble 

and moft obedient fcrvant. 



rr: 



he Gentleman's Maguztm\ 



[LowB^ J ■ ■ T T S 
ScJanei'tCkrod. 



httefor<,HnU 
IRELAND 

Liverpool 3 
MiidBuM 
MtocheSer 



Conner df Loctf. 
DuIt AAcJiitci 

C.«tt«r,Ledr» 

MoratoKChrDD. Notwit 

UoraiDf HcnW Nonini 

Worl«— At^H Rrulj.. 

SeU'lOricIt SliXbsi 

■M M . PiA .iCO 1 1 

Bub t, BfT*iI 4 H^nlKM 

BBrjSi fid.i.nd'i St>ii<r..i 

CwcBfcarT • ^^'c^c( 

ChcWsiMd Ye*K 

For JUL Y, 1791, 

CONTAINING 

Maem«lo(.Diarietfor lavaoi] Jnljr, 1791 (44 T^cimenoFi BaramGCrici! DLiryin Iforfbfk6t}' 
4Ti»frilBj'iiH4aw»aBi"ifMr H«*iKi. 5.,5 Mn.M.iciiiuljy— LururTUos— HuutngJcn 618 
lU*cni VVett— Cuiiit fmnd near liroydon ii-/.|TowiiGjiJen— Nii.Hirtiiry— RiWMnlMite Sio 
■n» FiRUly M»n&ao of Wj^iineof Of ■\*^:v\ S96,Mr-Hjrt',-0|Hni™i.Tf •wiJe,Lh..rEsC(Mraeler6jo 
Or. Fiiim*Ti.iv on U« Bfniijijhaiti Riois 1*11/. A .Vl«(!icilTojio|i^pliy— "SenUoCaventrV" 6ii' 

" ■■■■ " ■ ' ' "■■-•■•- ( nn, 

li after (i. 
■frrwir,wi„^«iV„;f,— "(/ *i*«/,i>«"6i 

lieniirkioii.ihe prelcnt Sicuuiua of Fr^uicp 6j 
On Bljck Omln, md how to be dcftn>>-ett fii 
F.»ain'OI.IBAii,,:is— Ihe urijiiicil Huughtiin 61S 
Defcriplionof Liibon— Moiiiftaii Miicelliuj 619 
C^unestiiMenof Leilers.uidMeni^hiihlnii Gii 
Dr [i>hiiC>nanil.MrtK,iiowlef-~T)ie<^niKeit6> 
S,rJjmr,FouliJ,[l,in.— Mifcellsfw.»»Reowrlw,f 
ProteeJinp 111 preiein Seilioa iif i'arhameoi 6 1 ; 
64,1—639 



Kanxkion the Lile<RiuUM Bi 

Soinerenufkjb)eScrit>tur..lP1u'afeiexpbinEd6i 
Stukrpaace'^ W vufcotCtiai rjiulMulberry-Iret^Au 
TheOrigiiulityof Miiion'iPoititiilafceitaineJ 6pj 

<]nei7 on il» i]iftereliL'Eae£liu( Lightning; 60; 



Uuriaci'ot KidwpRobciiFerrar vin>ltci:eJ 
ICondfaAccamKafWidivonhyinDeviinlhire 6^g 
'E'oTteul of B(k Ruben Karne-of WinchellEr 611 
Defcnrcign uFLbe Jubilee iilBbRUcd A Rtime U. 
True Idea o( the theory of fides ftitl wa uiikf i«< 
WJi^»tliaU£iningofViLi.*T*iNlTisii.t»6ii 
Five Sepukhret liewD ouc «( j folid HukK. i». 
rtieMC3(ui«aMPartiauiarstiF.i(..inuui OA lA 

pjnicularsof tl* Wehb liiJi.«.> fi.j For.AtRiiis, 
.Dr-JjniesGninger— Rowe,VIorai'sDiunT«"s*un*arrm3et, Dcaihf, Prefri 
R«lKlSi*niedH>KonuaCMlH>lickiMplaiiicd6.5lQailT Varia:iansiiitheFit.ci ifctie St 
Enbellilhed wilt) Two PiAureriineViewi of Malvi im Wi t lc 1 a PmLrait of Or. (li 
Jluhqi cf WiKCMSiTKiii > fine V.oimnienc, hjr Bxcev, H WinwoniHT, i 
Devonlbirei a JcaiLii Medal ; Coikii aiiJ mtier CaaioiiTiRi. 



,aki;iciil3.iJ mndein 6Se — 664 
[(l-OcoiriciK-m.iic. 665—6 



By STL^/f^US 11 R B J 



S94- 

Dajs 



Miteorohgiedl DTariisfir Jmic and July, i>gi. 



I 

% 

s 

4 

I 

10 

XI 

xt 

»1 

«4 

U 

»7 
x8 

»9 

*o 

SI 

%t 

*3 

*4 

.'I 

30 



Wind. 



S calm 
S calm 
$ calm 
E gentle 
NW calm 
W calm 
W calm 
N£ gentlo * 
SU calm 
W Calm 
4NE brilk 
NNE moderate 
N bride 
N moderate 
N briik 
N bri/k 
NE bride 
N cakn ' 
NE calm 
NNEbnflc 
W moderate 
W briflc 
SW firong 
S moderate 
SSW brilk 
SW brilk 
IS briik 
S moderate 
^SEbnflc 
S moderate 



IJBirociu jTherm 
19 170 4a 



** 



I. Ydlow crowfoot in 



70 

70 
66 
69 
r6 
io 
80 

55 
46 

50 
54 
55 
64 
.4 
4 

50 
55 

50 
59 
59 
73 
73 
60 

5» 
63 

5''' 
3 



I 



«3 

66 

64 

*5 

6S 

63 

59 
61 

5« 
54 

5» 

5* 

54 

5* 

58 

58 

57 

5« 

5« 

55 

56 

59 
61 

h 

63 

6z 

61 
68 



of Wealher in June 17911 



«a^«* 



M* 



white veil over blue fky 

a little white imon the blue fdoorv ^o'^cToek^ t to 

clear Woe ik^t flight ihower, ibltr^r. ' Therm . out of 

a deal of white upon the bloei rain mt night 

overcaft, clears op, hot iim ^ 

blue iky, a few dat^dOi clouds tonnrds the South 

clear {ky, wliite cldiids towards the Sooth, rain at 

overcaft, fioc day . * [night 

blue flcY, white veil 

overcan, fmall rain, wind, nun at night 

large whiee fleecy clouds (haded with black» rain 

white clouds upen blue fky, llormy [at night 

white ^cleudsy ftorroy, gentle rain at night 

white clouds tinged witli black 

white clouds, rain at night 

rain, fair, bright day 

overcaft, fine, (hower at night \ 

overcaf^, fmall rain 

overcaft, clears up, cold frofly air at tdght • 

blue (kv, white clouds, (bowers at night 

overcaft, flight (bowers, fine day 

blue iky, white and black clouds, rain at night 

blue (ky, fun, gloomy afternoon [temnoa 

blue (ky, white veil, fine morning, high wind a^ 

overcaft, fmall rain 

blue (ky, white and black clouds, fine day 

overcaft, pleafant day 

blue iky, grey clouds, fine day^ fmall rain at night 

blue fky, white and grey clouds, rain at night 

dear blue (ky, afterwards clouded, little ratn 



full bloom upon the pafhires. Grafs at a ftand, for want of rain 
amd dews.— 4» Green peas in the market ; new potatoes i|d. per lb. — 5. Fox-gloves in 
bloom. -^y. A field of clover cutting for hay. Honey-fuckle in bloom.-^. The outward air 
cooled and refrefbed by the rain of the preceding nigtst. Sultry within doors.—- ^ 1. The air 
extremely piercing and cold ; a violent hail-ftoi;^ at night.— 13. The ah* (Htt cold; the («a 
roars ; black qlouds iii the Weft, and as if filled witli fnow. Several fields mown. Gra(% 
both in the meadows and paftures, begins to bum.— 14* loe upon the water. Much damago 
done by laft night's froft amoogft fniir, potatoes, &c.— 15. Field-beans in bloom, and ftrongly 
icent the air. Apples drop of£-«t(S. Bufy houfing hay. Wheat ahd barley in the ear. Cuckoo* 
i^pit fcicadula) upon many plants — xy. Gathered ftrawbenies, very poor and fmall>the leaves 
and ftems being (hriveled up by the late ftorms.— xo. Many people begun hay-harveft. SwaU 
knvs and martins in abundance. Hawking over the new* mown giiafs, and fo low and near to 
the mowers as only, by great dexterity, by quick turns, to avoid ftriking their pcrfons. Qu. it 
it accident or inftin^t that directs the birds to feek their pr^y in thefe places ? — Fall of rain 
this month, 6-ioths6f an inch{ evaporation, 4.s-ioths. 



Height 


of Fabreoheit*iTbermometer. 1 


Height of Fakieo belt's Tbemookccei. 


• 




e 


AS . 

U •* 


Barom. 


Weather 




_. . 


B 


_2 . 


Barora. 


Weather 


"1 


00 

o«2 


s 


9 ^ 




in. pti. 


in July 1791. 


OS 


A 





b0 

= a 




in. pes. 


in July 1791 


yitnt 
*7 










« 


July 









61 


7* 


6p 


*9i9? 


fair 


l£ 


5» 


66 


57 


19,81 


doady 


18 


«3 


75 


61 


30,1 


^r 


M 


57 


66 


53 


i9' 


cloudy 


*9 


«3 


1% 


70 


1 


fair 


»4 


5« 


70 


60 


30 >i 


fair 


30 


«5 


67 


57 


i9i7 


(bowery 


«5 


61 


71 


60 


.H 


fair 


7-' 


63 


69 


58 


,82 


cloudy 


16 


64 


74 


56 


»u 


fair 


t 


^0 


69 


57 


»w 


rain 


«7 


63 


78 


H 


>P7. 


fair 


3 


61 


66 


56 


.85 


cloi^dy 


18 


66 


76 


61 


29,81 


(bowery 


4 


5* 


61 


5* 


i55 


fhoWery 


19 


65 


74 


56 


,8 


fair 


1 


55 


66 


51 


,85 


(bowery 


ao. 


58 


66 


57 


f9 


cloudy 


5^ 


68 


50 


,96 


fair 


21 


60 


7t 


59 


30,02 


fair 


7 


55 


63 


58 


30,09. 


raift. 


aa. 


63 


7' 


57 


>li 


fair 


1 


60 


69 


56 


>o* 


fair 


*3 


6t 


70 


58 


29,90 


fair 


9 59 
IC 60 


67 


58 


,04 


fair 


a4 


57- 


59 


54 


,«» 


rain 


64 


5* 


»9>9i 


rain 


«5 


6o 


66 


55 


»73 


fair 


II 


56 


^4 


5« 


•45 

1 


ralA 


26 


60 


67 


57 


i79 


rnin 



S^^TiZ. 



im< ■ Vi 



THE 



C595 



Gentleman s Magazine: 

For JUL Y, 1791. 



BEING THE HRST NTTMBER OF VOL. LXI. PART IL 



Mr. U RB AN, Julf 1 1. 

irjBOaCjBfSE gTER iimg ftTeniy. 
w W ^^^ years oackivarat 

Cj 4 S "°*^ forwards hi Great 
7( -^ 3K Bricalu, the idand which 

3BC )6C f^^^ '"^ birthf I am, 

W^QfWWW for reafons I will not 
m^;^^9K^ trouble you with the dc. 

tail of (baring dooc that elfewhere), re* 
tired, to fpcnd the ? ery liule which re- 
oialna of a long life» to France, the 
f<|uabb{cs of a public nature btung lefs 
painful to me than thofe of private ones 
between man and man. Tbe late Mr. 
Samuel Sharp told me, that he never 
Knew a roan at the approach of death 
who had not fome foiace to offer to his 
Blind at thataweful moment; and I re- 
member to have read in the Bute Trials, 
that a Colonel of fome fortune, who was 
liangcd for a wicked theft, faid at the 
gaUows, that his comfort was, that he 
had jicTcr in his wholt life gone into a 
church wiihout/ir//Mr^^ ill ^ii// And 
•ne bf Mr. Sharp's own patients, a very 
tub tUmMker^ C9 repeatedly (aid, in his 
laft hours, that he died under one re- 
flexion that afforded him infinite com- 
fort, that Mr. Sharp could not avoid 
aiking him tvbai it 'wmjf The dj^tMg 
'^ahr replied, he had furnilhcd Wil- 
liam (commonly called Duke 9f Cum- 
berland) with an hundred and Hfty 
thouland (hovels, pickaxes, and inftru- 
inents of that fort, to fupply the army 
MMd$r f9^UlUm*i eommami in fir^ign parts. 
Now, Sir, as well as 1 can jodge, my 
confolacion will be (if reflexion has not 
quite left me), that, after being profe* 
ctttfid, p^fffecuted, and ill-treated, for 
more than a moietv of my whole life, 
by bad men, I fhall have the confo^- 
tion of knowing that John Howard 
came twice to my houie e^ ferfonm, 
and, though a ftranger to my perfon, 
brought in his hand, at each ot thofe 
vifits, a volume of his ** Sute of Pri- 
fons," kci and, as I unfortunately 
was out when he made me his fecond 
viiit, he wf oif in the coyer of that vo« 



lame, that he had left it as a mark of 
his regard., Now, Mr. Urban, thougli 
1 have been honoured with the corre- 
fpondence of Princes, Prelates, and fome 
of the firft and greateft men of my owi^ 
country, and of Ibme other nations, I 
ihall coniider thofe two prefents and vi<^ 
Hrs from John HoWakd* the greated 
honour I ever received FROM MAN< 
and therefore I fend you two guinea^ 
to add my mite towards erecting the 
monument to the memory of fo GOof 

A MAH. ' 

The ingenioui, learned, and virtuouf 
lUfir. Woodhull, of Thenford, in North- 
kmptonOiire, bi^s done Ine.the honour 
to place thofe two books in his. noble ^• 
brary; for nothing but want of bread 
could have induced me to fell them 
when 1 fold all my other goods ani 
chattels, and departed, never to return* 

A T&AV£LL£&. 

* Mr. Urbak, Brmtptcn^ Jum 6. 

IINCLOSfi two drawings of Mai- 
vern-welts houfe. If you liHe to en- 
grave them, they are at your fcrvic^ 
(fit pL UL fig. It t)\ and I will fenl 
you a little (ketch of the way of life at 
that place, and a jat»d*tfprit which apw 
peared there lately. J. P. A. 

Fig. 3 and 4 are two gold coinsTound 
lately in the neighbourhood of Croydon. 

Mr. Ur^an, Juij a. 

SOME yeari ago I faw, at Conway, • 
pair of fhoes^ of nearly the fame form 
as that defcribed in your Uft, p. 513, 
so inches from heel to toe, and the toe 
,3 inches fauart, and made of red leather 
(PL III, fig. 6). They were intermixed 
with other articles of female apparel of 
the time, ftays or boddiccs with (leevcSy 
and cafes of Tcveral high hats, a (teel 
crofs-bow, two large yew bows, and aa 
old wooden bedftcad of the time. The 
houfe, in whofe upper room rhefe arti- 
cles were prclbrved, though much Of 
the fiarnitare had been (lokn, ftoud on 
the North fide of tkf high lUeet, be- 
longed 



5^6 family MaiiJimafthiVfjTmntf'^'exAiXvR. \]^i' 

Inrtctd IS (he W)innci oF Oreaihlm, Fyaar, bu (he chevron udhudi agar- 

*nd htd bcfn built in the reipn '>t Eli- reiing the liont rampant, ■nd Wjmm* 

^bcth. It Formed a.fmall quailriTiglc, quartering the chEvrotl tind flean da 

with a hack-roMrr, »•) thr firte enrrc. lii i ind a mural RiDnumeDi for Jaha 

(pondlne«irl. the fcHiBmct was arceM- W>n(ie, Eft|. iii7.^iWrtcrl)', i. ind^. 

id lo bv * double Siehr oF Dcpi frnm WyitHt; i. ibe Jioni paSaat guardints 

the fide lo a i«rMce, ^oniinued bn the j. ihe fchetrSn and flcun di 11*. 
leFi. It vtX 1ii r^tb let out (b pooV At 1 dp not recolleft to hi*e net 

fjiitiiliei.^JUoO of ibe room* had Aue- «i'b any account of thit houfe m priDt, 

•oed aielingt md *bIU. 0>er Ihe tbc prefeni it al your ferTicc. D.H. 

kittheM "ThiinnBif were the arms of — 

' %. R. for EliKfinbif Rt- Ta th Inhabitahti afihe TowK »/ 
uialli, S W Dortit^ Birmingh.im. 

ra W leopants- f^ei;» Mv late To« nfitien and Nrigbbourv, 

e lU, ringlr, and with « 'AFTER living wiih you eleten 

Eaglei and a chevroti *»■ ^eari, in which you bad unifortn 

fleun dc lis, t;TT. A experience of iny pcatcful bchaiiour* 

n three flagi' hcadi ta- In my lltetirion to the quiet ftadft* tX 

T>, {nflini, lioni, Ifagi. my p'rofcffion, and thofe of philofopbyv 



, Elt ind aimt oF I was Far From eipeAing il 
le cbiitiDcv. R W which I ini iny friendi hare lately re- 
ijBo cti'rtd From you. But yon haTe been 



^Vt milled. By hearing the Difleoi . _ 

t*|;Ic1, tbeVriH, tn(t Aagi headi. Che- panieularly the Unitarian Dilfenttn^ 

«roD and flears de lii, Mon lampanV. toniinually raikd at ai enemiet to iha 

toyer another chimney, Wjint quarter- frefeat Government in Chuith ani 

iUg the clnvron and flei^K de lis. Orer State, you have bcEii ted i6 eonfidn Baf 

iaothcr, R (3 is??- Quartcily, i, « Injury doneioubaiatneriioiioulthingt 

(ItrTrun bcVwcen three eiglet; a. a che- Ind, not having been better ia formed^ 

Vron between thr« lenpatdi' fjcei jelTaD't (he rncaoi were obt attended to. When 

Jturidt liii ].achcTTon beiivecQ flEurt the nbjtS wai right, yflu thought tht 

bIiii 4.^'ChtviunbelweenihteeSags' k/a«< cpflid not be wrong. Bylhcdir^ 

Keadt : alfq fhe ^hcv'rnn and e^let fin- teurfti of toilr itachert, and the cxi> 

git, "OVei^EirtTpr-r P1-- in thcfpandrilt, ' claitiatlotit of your fupfcriors ia geDomly 

tneeeof., datt,"^e#'lM, ic. a. in W. drinking conFufiOn knd dainiiatioii to ui 

XX if(. ■;, R W o W for kiticrd (which ii wdl-knbwB to haft becA 

ti^ Doiwif »>««/, ot Gvri^t. Over their IVeqflent pr'aflice), your bigotry 

|W euter,gate the arnu of Eogiaiid, bat bcfcn Cxciied to the hightll pitch, 

luBporteil bj iheiipn and griffin , in thfe ""["i noihing having been faQ to you la 

ifpaadtili the esglei and chcvrok be- moderate your paffion*, bureveiy thing 

tw»n ihc f^gi beads, \>i inflame them: hence, tvirhoui any 

The above ■quarteringi arc the arnu ■eonfidetition on your part, Or on iheiM, 

^ <^*/in< oa ihp alur tomb of Robert, "ho bught to have known and taught 

on the South fiJc of ihe alur In Co»- J"" bettcf-you *ere prepared for e»eiy 

'wajtihurt'li'jiiircril'td. fpecieiofduirage; thinking that, whal- 

Robert ever vou toold do torplie and injare nf, 

V(wuie *i *■»« for the fuppott of Govern men t,- and 

^i^r'kis crotciatly ihcCntircb. la a^^t^ing at, 

V^rtea you hMfcbien led t« think ./wilWCatf 

'** Jb jioj ydur country the ftioft cfleDtiil 

fcifed! fir^it: 

*'»ie»^ Happily, the tnin^i of Engiilhincb 

***■ *S9^ have A honor of atarAc, 'and therefore 

Ab<]aiiBn6lTierBltar-toiDb,conttguodt, you did not, I hope, thjnk of rA«f( 

Horcrieth^cbodjofltabertWynnedeby- though, by yoor clamoroui deifiandina 

' liem^orolConVviyerqandfoneorTbii- of hu ai'ibe Hdrel, it )l probable tfaaf; 

nij^Wyailba'ho'dieaihe ilit^afjMr ififi^. 'ai thai liine, Tome of ydu inicndcd m^ 

'On which lafl are alTo-a lion rampant, (ome perlbnal inj\jry. But what in tbe 

quartering thite btiii, Al the Well nafue of lite when eveiy thing ii doa» 

end, >f^uf quartering ibiee tioni. pat- to make it wl-eiCbed ? In inalij cafel, 

ianiguardaott crcn.Bit caeUdirplajed. theie would be grearer mercy in dif- 

Anoiher sriat-'toiiib. Tor a ftAale faUhtng ibc inbkbiuQtt ibanio barii* 



179l«1 ^- Pridttcy'ii MSrefi f9 thi hAatktmn of Sirmingham, ^yy 

isg their hoa(es« HotreTer« I tnfioicelr' ntQf> ten tnore fBrfoBf) of eqwil or fu* 

prefer whit I feel from ihi\Jh9iUng if ferior fpirtt tnd abftity, would infttmlf 

me} ^pods to the difpodcioQ of tnofe who rtft np. If thofe tctt were dt^royed, la 

^^'e nifled yon. hundred would appear; and, believe me^ 

Tott have deftrdyed the moft truly iheChurchof England, which you novr 

taluahte and ufefal apparatus of philo*' thrak yoo arc foppocting, hat received 

Ibfhica] ioftruments that eerhipt any a greater b!ow by this conduct of yourH 

iadividoaU in this or any other country, than I and alt my /riends hare ever 

was ever potfefled of, in my ufe of aimed at it. 

which I aanti^ly fpent large fumf,wkh . BcGdes, to abtrfe thofe who have nm 

■o pecuniary view whatever, hat only power of making refiftance it equally 

in the advancement of fcience, for the cowardly and brutal, peculiarly unworw 

benefit of my country, and of mankind; thy of Engliihmen, to fay nothing o£ 

You have deHroyed a library corfe« Chrii^ianity, which teaches us to do a« 

fpoodtng ro chat apparatus, which no wc would be done by. In thia buRnclh 

money can re-purchafe, except in a we are the flieep, and you ihc woliret. 

courfe of time. But what I feel far We will preferve our chara^kery and 

more, you hare deftroyed aiAjva/rr^l/, hope you will change yours. At all 

which hare been the refult of the labo* events, we return you bleflings far 

rious ftody of miny years, and which I curfes ; and pray tbtt you may fooo re- 

ihallnerrrbe able to re*compofc; and turn to that indullry, and thofe foher 

this hat been done to one who never manners, for which the inhabhaots of 

idid, or imagined, you any harm. Birmingham were formerly diftinguifii- 

I know nothing more of the band^ ed. I am, your (iilcere welUwiflier, 
M/f which is faid to hare eq/aged you Lond^my Jufy t^. J. PriE9TI^EY« 
fo fflurh, than any of yourfelves ; and I P. S. The aceotint oh the firlt u>aft at 
di&pptove of it as much ; though it has the Revolution dinner, in ^TjieTime^ 
\>teQ made the oftenfible handle of dot> of this morning, can be nothing \m§^ 
iB| infinitely more mifchief than any than a malicious fie. To pove this, a 
tbmg of that nature could poflfibly have lift of the toafts^ with on account of aM 
done. In the celebration of the French the proceedings of the day, will fooa be 
Revolution, at which I did not attend, puhliflied. The firil of them was. 
Ihe company aflembled on the occaiion ^' The King and the Con(\itution;" aad 
only exprefied their joy in the emanci* they were ail fuch as the friends of t*i- 
pation of a neighbourmg nation from herty, and of the true principles of tbt 
tyrannv, without intimating a deiire df 'Conftitution, would approve. 
iMiy thrhg more than fiich an improve- *-■■- »*- 
Bent of our own Conftitotion as all fo* %* We are fart'uulart^ rtqutfitd io giV€ 
ber citizens, of every perfuaiion, have pkue tw tiff fcU9iwi»g anfwit f tkt 
long wiflied ficfr. Ami though, in an* pneiiHng htttr \ but bsve mo *m%fh U 
fwer Co the grofs and unprovoked ca- ctntinjte a C9ittr¥09rfy $n tbtJkifj$B. 
tnmnies of Mr. Madtn and others, I Friends, Countrymen, and Britons, 
publicly vindicated my principles as a. A LETTER, Hgned J. Pries tleT« 
biCenccr, it was only with plain ami XX has appear^ in many of the 
fober argument, and with perfeft good- public prints, its manifeft tendenof 
humour. We are better inftmded in \% t>eyond the exculpation of an indivi- 
tbe mild and forbearing fyxut of Ch'rif- dual from a charge amounting to no« 
ctaniry than ever to think of having re< thing fliort of hi^h treafon ; for, he« 
courfie to v'nlnuti and can you thiitk iides the denial Of this charge in terms 
fuch conduft as yonrs tny recommen- calcuhttcd to imprefs on your minds a 
dalion of your religious principles ta full perfuafion or its (incerity by its br«« 
preferenee to ours } vh^, whereby it aflumes the femblanee 
You are fliH more mlftaken, if you of mnocence, it reciimin^es with a de- 
imagine that this coodn^ of yours has give of perfonaliiy unworthy a gentle* 
any teitdency to ferve your caufe, or to • man, a (cholar, and a Chriltian. it 
prejudice ours. It is nothing but n^/bn pleads the immense loTs of property* 
and ^rgwmiMt that tan ever fupport any compared to which life itfelf is nothings 
fyftem of religion. Anfwerbur argu- and the deftru€bon of a philofophiaal 
meotSy and your bufinefs is done i but apparatus, and a colle€lion of MSS^ 
your hating recoorib to vUUmcm is only from whole liberal fource the worid was 
a proof that you hare nothing better to to have been re^fbiif/bphimd, ri-foHcmtt, 
prodtfce. Should you deftroy myfeify tmd rt^^Gbrfflimim^* 
as Well -as my honle, library^ and appa* Withtut 



598 Anjiver U tbi jUJrefs tf Dr.?t\^\ej. fjaly, 

Withoot iniiftini^ on the weakoefs of chemiflry and natural philolbphj al* 

m defence founded on recrimination and ready defeated and detected. 

peiTonatity, let us try the truth of fome To pafs by the perfonalities agatnH 

aiTertions contained in it. individuals^ and the unhandfome re- 

Dr. P. fets •lit with a panegyrick on flexions on whole bodies of men, con- 
'^ hit peaceful behaviour in his atrcntion tained in them, his writings, addtefled 
to the quiet ftudiet of his profelfion, to the nation at^ large, fufficieotly de* 
mnd thofe of philofophy/' How quiet clare '* what maimer of fpirit he is of/' 
his ilucre^ have been, .or how fuitable While his worthy coadjutor exults iu 
to his projtffion^ bis variou* publications the profpe^l of bringing royalty once 
for the lad ten years can bed declare, more to the block, bis /port is hunting 
Every inhabitant, not only of Birmimg" down epifcopacy, and leveling every 
'ham^ but of Gnat Briiaiw, may judge rank in fociety that favours of lubordi* 
iiim out of his own mouth ; and, when nation of mind or body. In praifing 
iic denies the thought of having recourfe the French Refolution before it is half 
to vipifHCff he forgets that, however cnmpieced, be wilbes for an iMP&ovE- 
jemote that thought is from the body of MENT in the ConAitution of his own 
Diflenters, he, as far as fpecious rea« country, though he takes care to keep 
ioning, dudied mifreprefentation, and but of light the many murders that muft 
fiurdy claims, have luch a tendency, be bas^rded in the exchange, and com - 
'bas been takmg every method to excite plimcnts his countrymen on their bu- 
'it. If his virulent reflexions on the Re- roanity. We try him not on any count 
ligion and Government of his country, to which he does not plead guilty, but 
and the Miniflers of both, were notcal* on what he avows and glories in when 
culated to inflame men's minds, it it fcarcely ^'efcaped with the ikin of hit 
difficult to fay what was their tendency I teeth." The Englifli people, in their 
for truth it not promoted by violence of plain underftandings, have light fuffi* 
.any kind. cient to guide them through this world 

Noone can deny that the outraEcs of to the next, without involvings them* 

•m mob, reftrainabie only by a military felves in metaphy/ical and abftraft rea- 

force, are unworthy both of Engltflimen finings, which have no place amoi^ 

. and Chriftians. But who can juftify the umple truths of the Gofpel. The 

the outrages of inventive and mifrepre- beaded number of converts, augmented 

fentation, which violate the golden rule by the followers of every new enthuii- 

•ofChriflian charity, and the quiet cha- ad, will have no influence on the na« 

ra£\er,of a teacher of Chrldianity, and tionai faith : dill left will upbraiding 

mull be exp<^d, at in the prcfent in- the people or their rulers with Bigotrj^ 

fiance hat too unfortunately been the Idolatry, Folly, and Knavery, wictt 

c^itf to recoil on the headt of the flrft Priedcraft or Ki^craft, induce them to 

V promoters of difcord ? No one can avoid change their principles or their party. 

lamenting the catadrophe, and pitying The people of England have had too 

the fuflferers $ but if the fpirit in which fatal and repeated experience of the 

ibmeoftherufferertrpeakoftbemfelves, fpirit which a£luate» too many among 

^d thofe whom they are pleafed to call the DideDters. The quibbles of tender 

their enemies, provoke fevcre reflexions, confciences, which flrlt began to didurb 

they have none to blame but themfelvet. the glorious reien of Elizabeth, bcoke 

We are next told, the lofs to the out into dreadful overt-a£ts of violence 

community in the fingle houfe -of Dr. under that of the unfortunate Charles. 

P. is irreparable ; whereas, had the AUrmed into concurrence with the 

. Do6lor himfelf been demolilhed, a flight mcafures of William, they no ^fooner 

of phoenixes would have arifcn out of lecovered from their fright, than they 

his aflies, for the eternal benefit of man- made a merit of their acquiefcence to 

kind at Targci with fupeiior zeal and bring forward demands, and have been 

abilities. If he can thus arife again ridng in their claims ever Once. Whea 

invigorated an hundred fold, the pre- the language of Petition failed, that of 

lent catadrophejs not worth a regret.— Remopurance was afl'uroed, and roe* 

Perhaps, however, the world, wearied naccs, unworthy of men who wiflied to 

wuh the round of inhdel, unitarian, ie* be accounted loyal or faithful fubjc6ls» 

ditiout, levelhig argumentation, wjU were reforted to. If thcDe fa£ls can be 

no more lament the lofs of future fer- denied or vindicated, Dr. P's letter 

mons, pamphlets, letters, and hidorics, will deferve attention. If, on the coa« 

than of the midakeo and faifc fydem of trary, it ihould appear thkt the leader* 

4 hafc 



i'791*] Mr* Rn&l^ Jccouni §/ ihi Mating at Binniiighftin. 599 

have faScrtd themfeWef to be trahf- 
portet) to lengths which reflect difgrace 
snd odium on their party, it behoves 
the body of Diffenters to come forward 
with that public avowal of their difap* 
probation of thcfe meafur^, which (b 
naoy refpe^bte individuals among 
them have long declared in the frecdooi 
of private converfatlon. 

The prerent Apologj for the DifTent* 
ers, or rather the Unitarian Diffenters^ 
is little calculated to do away the re* 
proach which the effcrvefcence of (he 
writer of it has drawn upon them. Im* 
pirttal«cy and candour wilt confider it at 
the hafty e^ufion of dilappointment, re- 
fnitment, vexation, and ftoical foitt* 
tade, the offspring of an afpiring, over* 
bearing mind, or the ftnbbom pride of 
human-nature, or of a fpirit which ac- 
tuated too many of the Puritans in the 
laft century, and — too much to be la- 
mented — has found a metcmpfychofis id 
the prefene. 

Tiff, therefore, the nation can forget 
thefe flubborn fa^t (and it will require 
no fliort period to bury them in obli- 
vion, or cdm the public mind), it 
would be better to rcBe£t in filcnc fur- 
row on the madnefs of the people, and- 
ao zhe caufes which urged ic. 

A Lover, of his Country and 

ITS EXCELLENT CONSTITUTION. 



Mr. Uhba'w, Julj ao. 

BEING in London, and feeing in 
" The Tim*s" of jefterday the 
mo(k atrocious calumny that was ever 
laid before the publick, 1 feel it my 
duty immediately to cootradi£t it in the 
moft pointed terms. 1 do therefore de- 
clare, that the narrative of the proceed- 
ings of the Birmingham ConAitutional 
Dinner is materiallv untrue; and that 
the account given of the /rjl i^ajl is a 
moft flagrant falOioodt ic was, "The 
King and Conftitution.'* 

The mettiog broke- up without the 
leatl riot or dill urbance. — That the pub- 
lick may judge whether the proceedings 
of the day^ and the toafts, were or were 
not rcprehennblej the fuUowin'g true 
aarratrrc i> now produced, the autheri* 
Rcuy and tiuth of which I will vouch 
lor. 

The proceedings of the day were pre- 
ceded by an idvertifement in the Bir* 
miogham Chronicle. (See it p 674). 

Jn the morning, however, after this 
Wiis pubiidiedy many rumours of the 
probability of a riot were brought to the 
ihcnds of the oiccting^ and, as there 



was too much reafdn to think that means 
had been ufed to promote one, thty de* 
termined to pollpone the intended din* 
ner, and accordingly agreed to put it 
off, and prepaied a hand-bill for that 
purpofe. (See this alfo in p. 675). 

This was fent to the printer; but, be« 
fore he had compofed it, Mr. Dadley, 
the maOer of the hotel, amended, la 
confe^oence of having the dinner coub* 
rermanded, and reprefentcd, that he was 
fure there was no danger of any (umulty 
and recommended that the dinner mi^hc 
be had as was intended ; only piopofini;, 
that the gentlemen (houtd t^ke care to 
break-up early, and men all danger 
woi^ld be avoided. This meafure wat 
then adopted, nnd oiders given to rhe 
printer to fupprefii the hand -bill. Ac* 
cordingiy, riiere uas a meeting of 8f 
gentlemen, inhabitants nf the town and 
neighbourhood, ar iht Great Room ia 
the hotel, where tliey dmed, and pafli-d 
the afternoon with that foci^l, teinpe* 
rate, and benevolent fcftfvtty, which 
the conlideration of the great event, that 
has diffultd liberty and happmcis among 
a large portion of the human racf, in* 
fpired. 

The fello^ving tuaAs were drunk, and 
were agreeab'v iniermiacd with fong«, 
compoled and fung by f^roe of the com* 
pany : 

1. The King and Conllitution. 

2. The Naiiitnal AlTembly and Patriots of 
France, whufc virtue an»i Wifc'om hr»vo 
raifed twenty-fix millions froTi the mean 
condition of fubje^s of defpocifm to the dig* 
luty aod happtnefs of freemen. 

3. The Majcfty of the People. 

4. Ma/r*; New ConftitutHin of Franib; 
be rendereU perfedl and iierpefual U 

5. May Great Kraain, Iteland^ and France, 
unite in perp^uai fnend(h:p I am: may their 
only rivallhtf) be ihe extenHot). of J^'eace ailil 
Liberty, W:Idi>n« and Vinue! 

6. Tlie Rights of Man M.«y all nations 
have the wifdom to underdand, and tlie cou- 
rage to alfcrt and defcttd them ! 

7. The true Friends of the C<mftit\uion of* 
Jhis Country, who wi(h to prcfcrve its fpirit 

by coiTocting its abufes. 

8. May the People of England never ccafc 
to remonOrare till their I ailiamox becomes 
a true Nationil Rt^prefentation I 

9. The Prince of Wales. 

10. The' United States of America. May 
tliey forever enjoy the Libcity which ihey 
have fo honourably acquired ! 

11. May the lite Revolution in Polmd 
prove the harbinger of a more ptrfci^ fyftc.n 
of Liberty extending tti tliat great kingdom I 

12. May the Nations of Europe beiciTie fo 
enlightened as never ro^re to be deluded into 



I 

If 



lni^ewanbytheniadainfaiUonoftbetr rulers I happiDcfsy «pd yre not to be !•<! bv iHc 

13. May the fword be never uniheathcd deluGoos of a' lew mifguidcd z«aIots, 
but forihc defence and Uhcriy of our country! whodonot diftiurujih betwcco fpecuU- 
jnd then may every man a^ awaythe fcab- ^^n aod praaice. Tbcfe outrages do 
bard until the poople are iafe and free ! ^^^ ^. i„,jg ^^ terminate, like thofc of 

14. To the Rlonous meniory of H:^Pf e- ^^go in^the Capital, in plunder and th« 



and Sydney, and other her^f all agefand ;j,!?r ?" 9*^ **' m plunder and i 
nations, who have fought and hM for lilW. '^J^*^ °^ mifcrcants ; they are the ru 
15. To thfc memory of Dr. Price, and of *f ^*»?°« ^^ ^^c popular mmd, cxprcfli 



an ihofe iUuibrious fages who have enlight- 
ened mankind on the true principles of civil 
Society. / 

16. Peace and good- will to all mankind. 

17. Profperity to the town of Birmingham. 



rude 
. . og 
their high difapprobation of innotrations 
in the religion Bud polity of their coun* 
try. It is the national language re- 
echoing that of the old Birons of this 
land. How dilTcrent is the language of 
1 8. A happy meeting to all the Friends of the Englilb populace from that of the 

liberty on the 14th of July, 179*. French, let this inftance fpeak in fdund$ 

It it but juAice to the liberality^ and Uo ftrcibh rvir to be for^oHtM by the 

public fpirit of an ingenious Artili of friends of Old England ! 

thif town to mention, that he decorated I^r. Pxicllley has lived to fee his r«« 

the room upon this occaBon with three vourite doArines exploded ; his che* 

elegant emblematic pieces of fculpiure, miOry, founded on jt midake in a Scotch 

mixed with painting, in a new (lyle of profeiTor, dete^lcdt aod his perfon, long 

compofition. The central piece was a held, as himfelf conreiTes, in dctefla* 

Bnely. executed medallion of bis Ma* 

jtAy, encircled with a glory, on each 

£de of which was an alabafter obeli& ) 

one exhibitinfr G?llic Liberty breaking 

the bands of Defpotiftn j ,and the other 

reprefenting Britilh Liberty in its pre- 

fcnt enjoyment. 

A truly refpe6Ub1e gentleman, a 

member of the Church of England, was 

chairman «— others of that profeliion were 

of the company ; nor was a fingle fenti* 

ment uttered, or, 1 believe, conceived, 

^hat would hurt the feelings of any one 

friend to liberty and good government, 

under the happy ConQitution we are 

bleflcd with in this kingdom.-^I aver 

this to be a true and juft reprefentation 



tion, cxpofed with his property to the 
fury of that populace whole favour he 
has been all along courting, but who 
prefer their old rulers and leaders to new 
lords over their confcicnccs, guides of 
their opinions. If they have been de* 
luded for a mome»»r, the Orong fenfe 
and fpirit of EngHlhmcn have Oiakcn off 
the deluHon, and rcHntd the innovation. 
That tht imprudent ,('^nd this i> a 
very gentle appellation of it) condu^ of 
the friends of the Revolution, in a town 
where ihcy mull have known they had 
io few adherents and abettors, was the 
oftenfible pretence for thcfe exctilcs, 
cannot be denied : but it is not lets evi- 
dent that the ftorm has been long brew. 
of the proceedings, which have been fo ing for the devoted head of their leader. 



fcandatoufly mifreprefented in the Paper 
abovementioned, and am. Sir, 

Yours, &c. William Russel. 

Mr. Urban, July ii» 

GOD forbid that any man fliould ex- 
ult in the late deva(!a(ions at fiir- 
mingham I Let us all make the cafe his 
'own, and be thankful that the horrors 
have not been extended in this happy 
iile, as they are continually repeating in 
diflraded France. 

But it is impoffible, Mr. Urban, not 
to indulge one reflexion ; that the advo- 
cates for Revolution are, in one leading 
inflance» involved in the confufion we 
muft all have waded through to accom- 
pliOi their defigns. '* Their mifchief 
lias returned upon their own head, and 
their vi'^lent dealing is come down upon 
their own pate." 

The people of England feel their owa 



who has provoked it to buift on himCdf 
and followers by every outrage of lan- 
guage and publication. His piinciples 
ought to have been as publicly diuvuw- 
ed by the DifTenters as many men of 
moderation atnong thera have privarcly 
wifljed him to corb his career. They 
certainly, as- they, love themfclves and 
good order, and as they would tranfmit' 
their names with honour to pofttiirv, 
ibould come forward with an unequivo- 
cal declaration, how contrary their leal 
fcntiments are to thofc which his effer* 
vefcence lias afcrihed to them. 

1 thank Cod that I have lived to fee 
this tcA uf the integrity and good prin- 
ciple of my countrymen ; and n»y cam- 
eft hope and prayer is, to live to fee 
fa£^ion, fediiion, and innovation, in 
every form and difguifc^ com piece iy ex* 
tinguiihcd| while 1 can rublcribe my- 
fell; An EnGLisuMAK. 

Mr. 



1 7 9 ' • J Si«# RimarhabU Scriptural Pbrafis ixplained. 6o I 

Mr. Urban, June ii. helicTe, viz. wi^ e^MMg in tbi ehtult of 

HAVING heard a fermou lately, in Htavem.**- Scott's ChrifViao Life, vol. 

which a very foleron fubje^ was HI. p. 531.— -Dr. Doddridge, the mod 

ezpadated upoB firotn the pulpit with a amiabl* and pleafing commentator pn all 

i^ry confiderable miftake; I begleave, thefe fubjeds that I know of, ia a note 

through the medium of your PubUcatioD, upon the fame text, expreifes himftlf 

to point out an error, which, having thus t ''In thefe. words, benaftir yg 

inylelf very much givea up my time to Jhali ftt tbi fin of wum, &c. there feems 

the ftudy of Theok>j;y, I was, I mud a plain reference to the view in which the 

coofefs, rather furpnzed to find in the S>)nof Man is reprefented, Dan. vii. ijf^ 

difcourfe of a very pious, amiable, and 14* ^vhere he is faid to come with the 

intellieent man. clouds of Heaven to receive a dominion. 

In ihort, be aCcribed to the mtek cba- &c. or to appear, as God did on Mount 

r«27#rof our Redeemer the feemiog am- Sinai, in a chariot of clouds, attended 

l»i;uity of the reply, 7 bom fajf^fi or, by angelic hpds. Our Lord looked very 

7i^x bmjf /aid, when adjured by the unlike this perfon now to his infmimnted 

High-pncft, in the name of the Motl adverfaries : but nothing could be more 

High God, to declare if bi nvms tbi aweful, majeAic, and becoming, than 

CbriJi whereas, in fa£^, this was but fuch an adinonition in fuch circum- 

the ordinary mode of dire£l affirmation, ftances." 
according to the ufual phrafeology of the Dr. GUI, upon the phrafe Tbou ba/i 

Jfews in thofe times. Alfo, in the Go* /"id, has a note, very explicit and fatis* 

jpel of St. Mark, the words / am are ta£)ory to thofe who think that there it 

ufed ; and our SleiTcd Saviour was io far iny needful, wherein he, as an inftance 

from tUclining to alTume his real title of that this was '< a way of fpcaking ik 

the Melfias.upon this occafion, that he ufage among the Jews, when what was 

added immediately after, that, ** mvir^ afked was afTcnted to as truth," cttet 

tbtUfs (tbai is, m'vertbeli/t, for their from a Jewifli writer, that, ^ it being 

preleot triumph over his innocence and faid to a certain perfon. Is Rnbbi dead f 

ucred rights), a time would come when He replied to them, Ye bavi faid; and 

tbijf fiould /a bim fitting on tbe rigbt- tbij nnt tbeir clomtbi," Upon the cir« 

bMd of potuir, and eomtng in tbi thuds cumllance of the adjuration, ver. 65, thofe 

ofHtatnn. Upon which text the learn- commentators oblerve, that the High- 

eid Dr. Scott, in his chapter, intituled, pneft had a right in this manner to admi- 

"Chrift's Reeal A^s," very minutely nifter fuch an oath, upon any doubtful 

and caricully elucidates the palTage as fol- c^fc, to which there is reference. Lev. v, 

lows : '* In this manner do the JenjostX' 1 ; tnd, as in the cafe here referred te, 

pe£l the comine of their Medias, as ap« fo in all others, it could not bi infadidi 

pears by that glofs of one of their antient but when any ** biard tbi t/oia of 

Mailers on Dan. vii. 13, ft mirucrint /i4r«r/ar^" he was obliged to declare the 

Judsn, veniet in nubibus call \ which truth ; which, accordingly, our BleHTed 

Jti^fmund, Pug. Fid, thus explains : « If Saviour plainly and fully complied witb*^ 
ever the Jews deferve that the MefTias Yours, &c. A. C. 

ihould come, he (hall come gloiioofly, ' ■'■ ' '■ 

according to the Prophet Daniel, in the Mr. Urban,. June ao* 

clouds of Heaven." And it fccms very T N communicating the rcfuh of enquiry 

probable that the great offence which the 1 I Utely made at Stratford upon Avon, 

High-prieft took at our Saviour's faying, the birth- place of 
that tbey Aould btrea/ter fee bim coming .ri. - « » -j u * 

65. was this, that it was a tradUton ^ ' 

among them that the Meflias ihould /o perhaps I may afford entertainment to 

come, and that therefore he looked upon ^o™« •' leaft of the numerous readers of 

that faying of our Saviour as atlafphe- ^^ Gentleman's Magazine, 
xnotts pretence to his being the Meitias; An old wainscot chair, or 

as mueh as if he ihoutd have faid, though more properly, I might have faid, the 

1 iiave done enough already to convince remaining part, which tradition had 

you that I am the MeiEas, yet you (hall handed down as having been the property 

hereafter fee that verv fign of my being of the immortal Shakspeare, and 

the Meffias, upon wnich you fo much which fteod in the very houfe in which 

depend, and without which you will not he was borui was fold on the 18th of 
GiMT. Mao* Julj^ 1791. ^ovembtr. 



6oa Shakfpcarc's tyainfcot Chairs and bis Mulberry Tru. [July, 

Norcmber, 1790, by T'btmas Hart*i the Refpef^ing the celebrated MULBEH- 

prefent occupier of the houfe, to Major ry-tree planted by Shakfpeare, the 

Orlowfki (fecretary to her Serene Highp relation of the following anecdote led me 

nefs Ifabclla Princefs Czartorilka), who, to ti^ake fome enquiries : '' A gentleman, 

accompanied by an interpreter, a native paHiog through Stratford, called at the 

of Poland, caine to Stratford purpofcly houfe of a Mr. Sharp, a cutler, who, it 

to purchafe it. is well known, procured fomt of the 

Hart was happy in receiving for the mulberry -wood after the tree was cue 

relick twenty guineas, with an entertain- down by Mr. Gaftiell, and who, with- 

roent given at an inn to hit family out doubt, bars received, and continues 

(though I am ailurtd, had he afl(.cd, he to receive, confiderahle emolument from 

might havt received a much larger fum vending a variety of articles, (uch as toySy 

for it) { and the man, who made the cafe &c. faid to be made of that wood. Tak* 

to pack it in, alio received a guinea for ing up a tobacco-Oopper, fioro amongfl 

his trouble. other articles which he had intended to 

When / fird vifked Stratford, Mr. Ur- purchafe, and on which was indented* 

ban, now fonie time fince, I was (hewn as is on all the toys, &c. Sbak/pearg's 

(as 1 underAood all flrangcrs were whofe nv0C{/, he thus interrogated the perfoa 

curiofity led them to call at the houfe) attending: *' Will you fwear, Sir, that 

this chair, had the honour of fitting in this tobacco* ftopper was ever a part of 

it $ and the people of the houfe cut from the original mulberry-tree planted by 

ene of the feet, and prefented to me, a Shakfpeare?" "No, Sir," replied the 

fmall chip, which I mud own I was mtt young man, " / will not /wear it i but 

Virtuofo enough carefully to prcfcrvc, as mj fatter *uiHL** This young man was 

there appealed to me a degree of impro- Sharp* s Jon V But, Mr. Urban, notwith- 

bability in fuppofiug this chair (hould (landing this Anecdote was related 10 me 

have continued there for ilear tiuo as a (lubboin fa£t, I have weighty rea- 

anturies, though fixed in the wall, and fons to believe I feould mifinform you, 

bearing evident marks of antiquity, or were I to fay Sharp has not, at this time, 

that it was /v#r the one, as (omc have in his (hop a quantity of the wood in 

fuppofcd, ^n which our Great Poet nrft toys, &c. as well as unconverted; for of 

repofed, when this tree (which, it is fuppofed, was 

Each change of many-coloured life he drew, planted by Shakfpeare about the year 

Exhaufled worlds, and then imagin'd new. 1609, and was cut down by Mr. Gaf- 

But, to return to my information. In trell in 1757, being then grown to am 
February lafl, the Interpreter again vifit- enormous fize, and part of the body de- 
ed Stratford, faid a doubt had anfen le- cayed), there were many large boughs 
fpe£ling the authenticity of the relick, prefeived which were perfectly found, 
that it was purchafed for the faid Prin- fome of which were fent to the ihop of 
cefs, and that her Highnefs requef\ed a George Willes, a joiner, who is now 
certificate, fetting forth that it was the living at Stratford, to be converted by 
faipe chair fhe had feen and fat in-in the him, at Mr. Ga(\rell's requeft, into an 
(ummer of 1790; which certificate was eafy chair; but thefe branches having re* 
granted, figoed by Thomas Hart, John mained with Willes uitconverted until 
Warilow, Auflin Warilow, and John after Mr. Gaftrell's death, they were 

Jorjdanf^ then purchafed by Sharp. The body of 

" ♦ Thomas Hart is fifth in d«:fcent frorn the tree was cut up, Aacked amongft 

Joan Hart, Shakfpeare's fifler. Malomb. others as fire- wood, and as fuch (old to 

f John Jordan, whofe fignatnrc is an- different perfons ; but Sharp, I am in- 

ncxed to this certificate, is a man well in- foimed, had the grtaiefl part 6f it, which 

formed, though in an humble ftation of life (a is luppofed to have been al>out »o cwt. 
journeyman wheelwright); is the author of a The late Thomas Mortiboys, efq. had 

poem . called, « WeUc^^^be Hills," &c. ; was f^^^ral pieces, out of which was carved 

employed hy. and colleacd for , Mr. Maloue, ^^^^ ^, ^ y^ p^fcnied by the Cor- 
m.iny valuable materials for his Shakfpeare ; ^^^^ ^f %,xziilid to David Garrick. 

for which contnbutioiis, much to the honour \ • , ac u j r ciTm* 

of that gentleman, he has been liberally re- t^l" I" '769. After the deceafe of Mr. 

warded J and Mr. M. ftiU coutinu^^his aiTift- Moi tiboys, amongfl his cffe6b, which 

ance to Jordan's famUy at this time, by Dr. ^^'^ »o'^» ^^^^P again became the pur. 

Davenport, Vicar of Stratford, paying for whaler of all that remained of this cclc- 

thc education ol his children, and promifing bratcd wood, giving for it one ihiUin|j 

his future (uppoit. 1 acknowledge myfeif per pound, 
inilebted to Mr. Jordan for part of my inlor# The firll idea of Sharp's manafad^ory 

KUtHMU was 



I79'*l ^^ Or rglnallty efMiltonU Portrait afartmntd* 603 

was fuggefled bv George Cooper, a There is no reafon to think (notwith* 

joiner, haviug bought apart of the wood» (landing Mr. Warton's fuppofition, that 

whichy converted into goods, he found a Lord Etorfet was probabl/the lucky man 

ready fate for. Sharp afterwards cm> who purchafed the picture) that it e?er 

ployed this man. I Was (hewn at S's was in Lord DorfetN poffeflion. Vertue, 

ihop lea-caddiesy goblets, &c. manufac- indeed, had defired Prior to fearch in bis 

tured of this wooa ; mod of which pur* Lordfliip's colledlion for this oniniature, 

chafers mud pay Jbarplj for. probably from the fuggeftion of Richard- 

Yours, &c. T. T. S» ton, whofe fon Jonathan informed Sir 

—'—''■ Jofhua Reynolds, that he had heard his 

Mr. Urban, 7*11^15. father fay, that there was fomewhere t 

miniafure of Milton, by Cooper, which. 



Mr. URBAN, June IK. 

A CORRESPONDENT in your laft 
Magazine, p. 399, has made fome 



he was told, was a remarkable fine pic- 

ftriClures rcfpeding the originality of the turc, but chat he himfelf had never feen 

ponrait of Milton, in the pofledion of it. Perhaps Lord Dorfet wa^ thought 

Sir Jofhua Reytiolds, on which I beg likely to have been the poffeflfor of thit 

leave to make fome obferv^tions. That pi6^ure, becaufe he formed a large coU 

your readers may have a diftin£^ view of ie£lton of portraits of the mod eminent 

the queftion, I fliall tranfcribe the writ- men of his time, which are Hill to be 

ing which is on the back of the piflure ; feen at Knowle. I cannot avoid adding, 

^ fu- -.o-.^ 1^1 J . T^ i L .*•! *^*^ ^^^ prefent Duke, with equal 

J^ ^*;!1"!±^^W^ '*^? ^^: refpea to genius and talents, and with 

ton, who was her father s ^manuenfis ; at n:i\ ^^^^ tCiu .u » • u- 

her death it was fold to Sir William Dave- ^'" niore AliII .n the art, continues this 

nam's family : it was painted by Mr. Samuel P'*° ' ?: ^^^;^'« colleftion of his an- 

Cooper, who was painter to Oliver Crom- "^^'l *** V'^'*. .1^*- P^^^J^^^^^ P^' 

weU at Umj linne Mdton was Latin Secretary Johnfon, Dr. Goldfmith, Mr. Oarrick, 

to the Proteaor. The Painter and Poet «»** '"•^y others.— The third objeaioa 

were near of the (ame age (Milton was bom is eafily anfwered : there is no date at all 

in 1608, and died in 1674; Cooper was to the memorandum; and, fo far from 

bom in 1609, and died in 1672 0, and were its bearint; fo laie a date as 1727, it is 

companions aqd friends till deaih parted them, very apparent it was written bcfoie the 

Several encouragers and lovers of the fine year 1693, and that the writer of it was 

aits at that time wantad this piaure, parti- probably Sir William Davenant's fon, 

cnlarly Lord Dorfet, John Somers, efq. Sir „,ho was at this time 37 years old ; and 

^^^ "^T^' ^^i"'/^"f;^"nr, Dr. the piaurc may be fuppofid to be at that 

Aldiich, and Sir John Denham." ^j^e ^.^^^^ ^'^ Lord Dorfet, John So- 

Yourcritick firft obferves, that De- men, Efq. &c. The critick fays, •* I never 

borah Milton, dying in 1727, all thofe had an opportunity of feeing the original 

encouragers and lovers of the fine arts, miniature in queflion, and, unfortunate* 

here mentioned, were dead long before lv» the print by Mi(s Waifon has never 

that time. Secondly, he remarks, that fallen in mv way ; but 1 ihould wifli to 

the piflure could not belong 10 the Dor- know whcthfer the £/rop firtut be vifiblc 

fct family in 1720, which belonged to in it, as in Faithorne's drawing, and in 

Deborah Milton in 1727. He a(ks like- the buft. The date on the miniature is 

wife, what can be meant by the minia- 1652, by which time MiltOD had become 

tore having been fold to the family of Sir utterly blind." 

William Davenant, as the memorandum In regard to the drop firtne^ we can 

bears fu late a date as 1727 ? Thefe ob- aflfure your correfponucnt that it is not 

jeaions, I wiU (uppofe for the credit of vifible in the miniature, and that he is 

the writer, would not have been made if mi (taken in faying that it is viable in the 

he ha<I ften the print, under which he crayon pifture by Faithorne ; and that ic 

would hai'c found the following remark : is vifible in the hufi^ as he affirms, is 

^^ fu ^ •► .u w- u f .u ^ruly ridiculous. Mihoo himfelf fays, 

"The roanuicnpt on the back of the .k./i-k ..«i u u-j 1 n w. r u. •* 

piaure appears io have been ^vritten '*"/;• '^r^'\^ ^"^ *f **" ^*8>^^^ 

fometime before tlie year 1693, w!,cn Mr. "'^^ fx^tc^pt.h c to others ; and that his 

Somers w.*s knighted, and aucrw^irds ere- c>c« pre ervcd their original lu Are. 
aicd Baron Eveftiam, wlwch briuss it within ^ "*^ ***" <>" ^9« pitfure is 1653, and 

nineteen years after Milton's death. Ihe "^t 1652. This inaccuracy is of no 

writer was miftakcn in fuppofmg Deborah great confequence : but how did he 

Milton was dead at that time; (he lived till Koo v that liiere was any date at all, as 

J727, but in indigence and obfcurity, mat- he (ays he never faw the piaure? , 
ried to a weaver in Spitaifields." That Deborah Milton recognized her 

tailicr's 



6o4 7J^ Originality $f Milton's Portrait afcertaintd. [Julyf^ 



father's piAUre, does not prove that flie 
mieht; not h^ive been Hill more ftruck 
wicD the likenefs of the miniature. One 
is at a lofs to know upon what ground, it 
is alTumed (by a perlon who never faw 
the pidure or the print), that, if Fai- 
thorne's be like, the miniature is not 
like; and ftill lefs can it be conceived 
why he thinks that " the likenefs in Sir 

i[o(hua's pi6iure cannot be a ftriking 
ikenefs of Milton, whatever it may be 
of Selden." How came Selden into his 
ihead ? Here fome fufpicion arifes that he 
lias feen the pi^ure and the print, a cir- 
cumftance which he choofes to conceal, 
as the comment by Sir Jofliua on the 
print wou'd have prevented the parade of 
his criticifm. 

The opinion •f Sir Joihua Reyt^olds, 
in matters relating to his own^rofefllon, 
certainly ought CO have fome weight. He 
is not likely to be Wanting in that ikill to 
which every other artiil pretends, name- 
ly, to form fome Judgement of the like- 
nefs of a piAure without knowing the 
original. It appears that Sir Tolhua told 
Warton, that he was perfeflly fure that 
**the pi^ure in hi« polTedion was a ftrik- 
ing likenefs, and that an idea of Milton's 
countenance cannot be got from any of 
the other pi£kuref." Without being an 
artift, it is eafily perceived that the pic- 
ture of Faithorne doc^ not poffefs that in- 
dividualicy of countenance which is in 
the miniature. 

There is fomethii^ very perverfe in be* 
lieviDg that an ordinary, common- place 
portrait, paioted by an engraver for the 
purpofe of making a piint from it, (hould 
be preterred, or be nip poled to be moie 
like, than the beft pi£iurc ot the firft mi- 
niature painter, perhaps, that ever lived. 
Cooper polIt;lTcd all the coneftnefs, pre- 
ciiion, and alt the attention to peculia- 
rity of ezprelRon, which we admire in 
Vandykd; whereas Faithorne imitated, 
as well as he couKI, the lax and vicious 
manner then introduced by Sir Peter 
Lely, who, though upon the whole an 
Ingenious artift, ftands in the firft rank 
of what the painters call m^umrifis. We 
may add, in regard to Faithorne, that, 
however he might be diflinguiflied among 
his comemporaiies, and fiiice by the cu- 
rious in old prints, his merit as an en- 
graver (and rriuch lefs as a painter), 
were he now living, would not raife him 
above the rank of the common herd of 
artifls. It docs not appear tiiat Deborah 
Milton, when Faithorne's pidlure was 
ihevvn to her, faid anv thing to conBrm 
US in the opinion of its being lo cx« 



tremely like : ihe exclaimed, <' O, Lord ! 
that is the picture of my father." She 
probably had feen the piaure before, and 
It is even probable that ihe was prefent 
when it was painted i and, when (he faw 
it again, (he immediately recognized it, 
as £e would have done her father's watch, 
buckles, or any other appendage to his 
perfon. 

Theire is no doubt but that Milton fat 
to Faithorne for that crayon pi^ure ; the 
diftinguiihing features are the fame as in 
the miniature ; the fame large eyelid, the 
fame ihaped nofe and mouth, and the 
fame long line which reaches from the 
noftril to below the corners of the mouth, 
and^the fame he-ad of hair ; but if the eU 
fe£^ and exprellion of the whole together 
ihould be, as in fa6^ it is, different in 
the two pt6iures, it cannot, 1 Ihould 
think, b^e difficult for us to* determine oil 
which fide our faith ought to incline, 
even though neither poftciTed any ftrong 
marks of identity. 

All the objections that have been made 
by your correfpondent, I hope, have 
been anfwered, and fome, perhaps, which 
the reader willthink weie fcarcely worthy 
of an anfwer. There is no occaiion to 
take notice of objections which arc made 
in order to be confuted, namely, the 
pains the Critick takes to obviate a fup- 
pofition which nobody ever fuppofcd, 
that the writer of the memorandiun on 
the bacb might, by miftake, write btr 
death inftead of bii death. This is to 
raife conjiCtures in order to triumph in 
their confutation 1 

Mr. T>rwhitt, to whom the miniature 
was fhewn at the Archbifbop ot Yoik's 
Table, and whofe ikill in matters ot this 
kind is univeifally acknowledged, fcoiat* 
ed the qucftion wlfich was there put to 
him, Whether he thought the manu- 
fcript was a laic fabricatiun ? *• The or- 
thography, as well as the colour of the 
ink, fliews it to have been written about 
a bundled yea^«^ fince." He then re- 
marked^the miftake of the writer in Tup- 
pofing thill Dcbofih Miiiun was d^ad ^t 
the time he wiotc^ and, though your 
correfpondent thinks that this mitlake it 
a (ufticient reniun for calling the whole « 
palpable 6£lion, we may leafonably op« 
pofe Mr. TMwhiti's opinion to that of 
your anonj mous corrcfpcniient, of whom 
we ma> (ay, if he had p(.Ueircd a greater 
(hare ut critical (agiicitv, he would have 
remarked, that eien the itnliake ot (up- 
poGng Deborah iViikon to be dead when 
he wrote fliews it to be hUt what he calls 
it| a h6tiont A man who deals in 6c- 



1 79^ •! Msniaturi Portrait $f Milton. — ^ery en Lightning ? ' 605 

don taket cire, at leaft, not to be ca61y learned and philofophical corFefpoodeQts* 
deteded. No man in thcfe later days whether it is polfible for iFghcning to 
' *^ ' ' "" " * " happen vrithouc being fucceeded by a 

clap of thooder ? I ara led to this en- 
quiry, by having heard inany people af- 
iert, that they have often feen lightning 
very full and vivid, but have heard no 
thunder. 1 have alfo myfelf obfervcd 
(whoy'as Dr. Johnfon fays» was one nf this many times, and particularly on the 
Aiilton's fondeil admirers) was the firil evening of a very fultrydav, Wednefday 
who made any enquiry after Milton's fa- the 29th of June Uft, when the thermo- 
mily, and found his daughter Deborah meter (lood at 78 and to 80 degrees 1 
to be dill living. and the diftancc of the lightning, I ima* 

I cannot conclude without making one gined, could not be fo great as to prevent 
obfcrvatioo. Before a writer indulges the thunder from being heard. . I hive 



but knows that Deborah Milton lived till 
1717, as that circumftance was made no- 
torious to the world from Richardfon's 
Life of Milton, and from the benefit play 
which was given to Deborah's daughter 
in the year 175a. I believe Richardfon 



him (elf in the fclf-congratulation of vie* 
tory, or laughing at the flip which he 
fancies others have made, he ihould be 
furc of the fteadinefs of his own footing. 

Your correfpondent reprehends Tom 
'Warton for his inaccuracy in hiAorical 
points; he blames the aggravated immo* 
rality of the feller of the pi^urc " in im- 
pofing on fo fair and worthy a man as 
Sir Jofliua Reynolds;" treating him as a 
bo9 t§mmef and the who!e *'as a pa'pa- 
hle fif^ion, drawn up by fome pcrion ig- 
norant of hiftory, who furniftied out a 
tale with very fcanty materials." Whe- 
ther this was the cafe, the reader will, I 
imagine, not find it very difficult to de- 
termine, R.J. 

P. S. The progrefs of the pi£^ure 
feems to be this^— Milton dving infol- 
vent, and Deborah Milton of courfe in 
great indigence, it is very improbable 
that flie would keep to herfelf a picture 
of fuch value; it was therefore fold, as 
we fuppofe, to the author of the memo- 
randum ; and the account there given is 
probably fuch as he received from the 
feller of the picture, who, in order to 
raife iu value, boafts how many great 



ever underftood, from the bcft authority^ 
that lightning proceeded from (ulphure* 
ous and nitrous particles in the air, drawn 
up from the earth by the rays of the fun* 
and rarified to a great degree of heatf 
and that lightning was the cJFefl of the 
burftingor eaplofion of a cloud, and re- 
verberated throughout the atmofphere. 
How then can one happen without the 
other ? or is it that we are deceived by 
the diflance of this fublime fpe^acle.the 
great work of the Deity ? J. O. 

A Findicatiw of Bijbop Robert Ferrac 
(one of tbifivi Rigb^ Re^uennd JAar- 
tyrs burnt a/I've in iht Heign of ibe 
Popijb Daugbttr of Henry VIII. by bit 
Brother's If^idow) from Papiflie&l 
Afperjions, 
Mr. Urban, ^Vytoivir, Pembrokeftu 

TJumt 30. 
HE hleffed Reformation by degrees 
delivered Great Britain from the 
heavy (hackles of Popery, the incredible 
impofitions of prieilcraft and ecciefiafti- 
cal tyranny } converted the harbours of 
ioth and iniquity into houfes of induf- 
tryj diverted our invocations from /^i- 
mcn had defired to have it. If to this it tious Saints to our immonal Media- 
is urged, that it is too much to expert tor i and kindled an uaextinj^uifliable 
all thofe foppofitions will be granted, we candle, that has difpelled the more than 
can only fay, let the fuppofition be made Egyptian darknefs from this enlightened 
of its being a forgery, and then fee what idand. This memorable benefii is now 
infurroountable improbabilities will im- {6 generally acknow.cugtd by Biitons, 
mediatelv prefent themlelves. After all, that every eulogium on itwouLi appear 
the whole indulgence requited is for the altogether fupcifluous and faftidious.*- 



I 



And yet, Mr. Urban, there have not 
long fincc been inv dious, timeserving, 
or PapiOical and J^cobicical, Writers, 
whofe rancorous fouls (unfai;i&fied with 
the cruel tortuies and d<:aths ot the glo- 
rious martyrs wiMt ieated the principles 
of the Reformation with their blood) 
■' " '■ « have, witn unabated acrimony and livid 

Mr* Urian, Jufj I. malice, vented their overflowntg gall 

AM impelled from a flrong defire again A the fiknt and venerable alhe» of 
to be informed by any ot )oar thole inTiocible champions of the Re- 

ioriucd 



mif^ake refpedling Deborah Milton's 
death i and we may add, that the great 
obje£t of enouiry, that it is an original 
picture of Mihon by Cooper, is no way 
affe£led cither by this or any other mif- 
take that may be imputed to the writer 
of the memorandum. 



6o6 Vindication of Bijhop Robert Fcrrar. [luly, 

formed Church, even after the expira- but his x>wn deprared mind,** In Hi (hop 

lion of more than 160 yean; fo abomi- Barlow's Remains it is faid of Wood: 

Aably and alarminely permanent have " Many bad chancers are call on good 

¥ren their diaboUeaV prejudices and inve- men— nay, our firft Reformers are made 

' teracy ! fanatjcks ;" aUo, •* Wood was too fa- 

Odc moft extraordinary inflance of vourable to Papiih." 
this inceHant, implacable perCecution, is Bilhop Kenntt fays, " Of the Jaco- 

the brutal and unjuOiBabIc treatment bites, and even of Papifts, Wood has 

which at various periods has been fliewn alNxTays fpoken the mod favourable 

to the mants of the worthy and pious, things.'' Therefore this defpicable wri- 

hut infulted prelate, Rtbtrt Ferrary once ter Ihould have been here unnoticed, 

Bifhop of St. David's, and one of the but for two cogent rrafons. Firfl, an 

Right Reverend Martyrs during the hi- enlarged edition of Wood's Athene \% 

goted reign of Queen Mary, In deB* jufl at this time coming abroad. If the 

ance of the particular and impartial sc* learned editor (hould unhappily adopt the 

count of the violent and fanguinary pro* roiferable prejudices contained in that 

ceedings araind, and the full juftincariott work, it may be fatal to his perform - 

of, this righteous man, in Fox's cele- ance 1 but, fpiff fome perfonal reafons, 

brited A3s and Monument s, feveral ve- 1 cnteitain a more liberal opinion of that 

Bomous pens have been barbaroufly ex- erudite Librarian : yet in a voluminous 

ercffed in traducing and blading his fa> compilation, and for want of particular 

crcd memory. That pliant and (imoni- information, fome former errors may 

acal prelate Biihop Godwin, 1616, began efcape uncorrected. He is therefore 

the attack ; though by him this Martyr hereby refpeClfully defircd, concerning 

IS Ayled *' learned emd pious ^ a man un- Bifliop Ferrary to have recourfe to the 

doubted]y^O0^tf«^ holjf but rigid^ and original magazine of intelligence in 

jn his temper fomewhat uncomrteous';" Fox's Marty rology. He will there fee, 

which Goiiwin declares' to have been in that the charges fet on foot againO thac 

Ferrar an hereditary difpofition ; yet worthy Prelate, prefeotly on his tranda^ 

without taking notice of this venerable tion from Sodor and Man, merely as t^e 

Bilhop's noble defcent from thofe heroic Duke of Somerfet's partizan, are moflly 

champions of liberty, the Ferrars Earls of a very frivolous nature ; and that the 

' ot Derbvy wifbfe great eftates, owing to others are as groundlcfs as virulent, and 

their generous ftrug^les in the public all of them fully and fatisfa6torily an- 

caufe, were at length fcized, and applied (wered : contrary to the falfc and inju- 

ro build up tbat of the Lancaltrian rious affertions of the noted Dr. Browne 

Duchv. Bifliop Godwin candidly owns, Willis, in his borrowed account of St. 

that Robert Ferrar, in the reign of Ed- David's Cathedral j which, as it is likely 

ward'VL was perfecutcd as a partizan foon to be enlarged upon, is my fecond 

of thf Great Duke of Somcrfet his pa- teafon for fpeaking of Wood's Atbtna, 

tron, without branding him with the in- as from thence Browne Willis (whofe 

famy with which fuccccding fcribes (on no kidney is as difcoverable in his commen- 

other grounds than what Fox has honellly tiations of Archbiftiop Laud, as in his 

exhibited) have moft fpirefully afpcrfed impertinence refp?6linp Bifhop Ferrar) 

\\\% chara£ler. Godwin infers, that, if protcircs principally to have deduced his 

BHiop Ferrar had accommodated him- viper- like accufations, and judiciary 

ielt, and yielded to the times, he might condemnation, of this great prelate ;•— 

have efcaped his bloody perfecutors % but, whom Bifhop Godwin, a whole century 

a flranger to flattery and diftimulationy before, declared to have been Itarned, 

Jie irritated the cruel ^ature of Car* pious* good, and holy, but a f^rcnuous 

diner, opponent of Popery : and this too (by 

Next to Godwin was the quaint, par- Willis) jufl after the Proteftant fuccel- 

tial, Papiftical Antbonj tVood^ fabricator fion ; though probably in an account 

of the Atbena Oxonienfes\ wHich book, moft hopefully prepared before, notwith* 

for the bate libcK in it, was burnt by a ftanding its paHing the prefs a little after, 

public decree, and himfelf expelled from the icbcllion of 1715. But Willis has 

Oxford. See Kennet's Hiftory of Eng- clofed his detellable accufation with 

land, 1693. 1(1 the Biographical Die- fome dogmatical words of BifhipBur* 

tionarv, vol. XI I. 8vo. Ivood'xs thus re- net, whofe account. (vol. 11. p 218.) is 

prtfcnted : " His narrownefs of mind, this: " Ferrar, a rajb, indijaeet man, 

and furious pnjiidiccs, are unpardon- drew on himfelf the difli^e of the Pre- 

able i bis fcandai holds forth no example bcadarif s. Many anicks were cbjcotcd 
3 w 



I79J-1 Vtn£cattonofBiJhop Robert Fcrrar. 607 

to him ; (bme, ms if he had iacarred t jitlding up every thing to craving cour* 

prstmtdrt for ailing in his courts in his tiers. But the fall of his patron put a 

•wn name, not in the Kine's ; fome, for ft p to his umtvortby memfuret \ and he 

Dcg]c6ling his charge ; andforoe for lis • Mf^% difirv€dl^ imprifooed, #a;^ff in £d- 

//r indecencies, as going J^rangtly hu' ward VI's reign, by the Precentor and 

hUid^ traTcUio^ M ftot^ whiftiing tm* other Canons, for his di/bonejlj, &c. 

ptrtimintlf ; with many other things* where he continued ti\e remaining part 

whjcb, tf trait fliewed in him much of that rei^n : and en Queen Mary's ac- 

weaknefs and folly. The bioviifi arti* ceilion, being adjudged an ierttickf he 

cles he denied : vet he was kept in pri* was filenced acd dcgratied ; and, having 

foo ; and com miifi oners, fentinco Wales, mo ffiemds to intercede for him, was, &c. 

took many depo6tions agaioft him. lo ^as may be feen at large in Fox's Book 

prifon till Qiieen Mary's time, he was of* Manyrs, where are given «• U/t than 

then ktpt f« 00 account of his K/i</'.— fifty- fix articles exhibited againft hi.n* 

But his fuffcring afterwards for his £9U- with his anfwcrs', though inft^tint /— 

Jcitmte (when morgan, his chief accufer Intolerable would thi« account be at anf 

before, being then his Judge, condemned time ; but execrable, juft after the ^«« 

him for herefy, and made room for him- novtrian fuccenion;Juil after the defeat 

ftif to be a Bifliop, by burning bim) of J acobitical rebellion i when ProteftanC 

did much turn people'<v cenfurcs from principles were in their meridian gloryt 

^at upoD \i\% Jmccijfor,** Sut Burnet af* and Papal Antichrift had juH received a 

(ens that he was rajb and i/tdifireet, critical blow. This was a period whea 

without any fpecimen ; and mentions /f/« we would fuppofe that not even Pacifti- 

l/r indecencies, which, if true, were in- cal fpleen could have dared in invidiout 

fiances of folly,— -but never examines if and mof^ cenforious terms to accufe a 

they were true or not. The mod hei- Proteftant Prelate, who died in fupport of 

Bous of thefe indecencies, that incurred the Reformation, in the firfl place of bt- 

burmimg attvi, were 'wbijlling (Burnet ing a married man, and a promoter of 

adds, impertinently), ^walking on foot, that Reformation, who rtadiiy refigned 

and'm difirange babit. It feems the Bi- his priory (like a hundred others) to fo- 

ibop was ooce obferved to cbtrup to his vereign power. Next he is allcdged to 

inftnt foo^ a capital crime with thofe have been a mo(t /erviie tool of cour- 

who infill on clerical celibacy ; and, on tiers j though, on the contrary, it is 

the fudden appearance of M/ial in Mil- known that ne was incapable of adula* 

ford Haven, the prelate, in furprize, wis tion } fee Godwin, Burnet, &c. : and that 

cnormouily guilty of cryiag-^ff^beno I he was a miferablt dUapidatort though- 

He alfo was unfortunately fond ot *walk* he even got the temporaiitics reftored to 

ijr^ ; and there being then nothing like that (ee. ** But his patron's fail put a 

tunpike-roads in Wales, walking was ftop to his unworthy mcafure*.'' VVhere 

often ablblutely neceijary in the crofs* is the proof of thole unworthy meafurcs 

roads to various parifhes} and that with- and difhoncdy, on account of which 

out pomp or pontificals. It is fufficient Willis prefumes to decide that this good 

that the gnat ibarggs againll him, fuch Prelate was defervedly imprifoned ; nay^ 

as the negled of duty and the matter of more, he was adjudged ** A.i heretick.'' 

the prammnirtf wore denied, and (mau- *->Ahah ! thou bigot I that even by thy 

gre JfiUts) unproved, as may be I'een at cruel filence dod madacre over again 

full in Fox. What then can we think a glorious manyr, plainly iubfcribing to 

of the following infamous ajjaj/inating this heretical guilt, even In a Protedant 

relation in Browne Willis, who (of him- reign 1 which indeed is a noble proof of 

felf ) has (aid little in his book but this its toleration, in oppofirion to Papiftical 

invcflivc, and Laud's encomium ! Ro- perfecution. Whether the ^ood Bifhop 

beii Ferrar, a marritd man, born at Ha- asfwcrs to the articjcs exhibited againlt 

lifax in Yorkfliire, and at the time of him, I too refer to Fox*s Martyrs every 

the difTolution of the priory of Node! I candid reader. No Protcftant will con* 

(which he, being a promoter of the Re* ceivis that Biibop Ferrar would have 

formation, nadUj yielded up into the yielded to declare his lawful wife a bar* 
King's bands, and obtained a falary of Jot,*-his lawful ifTue, baftard^,— K>r the 

tool, per amnum) fucceeded, by the in- Pope's power to indulge cciminals in 

terefl of the Doke of Somerfet, to this their crimes. But all hope of reftorin^ 

fee [of $t« David's], and had the tempo- this Antichriftian trafHck m Britain was 

raltcies reftored, July i, 1548 ; where be finally deliroyed at the decifive battle of 

became « mifi m/$rabtt dilapidater, Culi«dcn : Protcilant principles are tri- 
umphant I 



6o8 Bp. Fcrrar's Famify.-^ofui/i Accwnt of Widworthy. [July, 

vmphtnt; Mv^ the fcurrility^ of Papifts South hj Colycon and a ipall part of 
only cccacas dcniiont at ic merits coa« Northleigb* The foil vanes, being in 
Kmpc^» ^ pare mei^w and pafture, part arable | 
Fervar's furviviag child, a daughter, and in the ^entrcy on a hill, private pro- 
became the wife of Lewis WtUiams» percy, chough not inclofed, there is « 
re£lor of Narbertli in Pembrokefhire. very deep and exten(ive^r«/ira» of lime- 
Their onW Ton, Robert WiUiaros» of (lone, in the North- wed part of the pa* 
Saint Fiotenee in that county, married rifii» which employs manv of the inhaot* 
Elizabeth Whitchurch, Dtece of Robert tants in burning that ufeful article for 
Rudd, archdeacon of St. David's \ whofe building and manure. There is like- 
father, Anthony Rudd, D. D. was of ^ife fome excellent free -(lone from the 
Yorkfliire, and fellow of Trinity College Nonhern and Southern extremity of the 
inCambiidgei audio 1593 was Bi (bop Itme-ftone rock. About a mile diftanc 
of St. David's. He was buried at Lan- frc^ each other, iffut two remarkably 
gathan in Carmartht nfhiie ; where the tranfparent, warm fprines, which, whea 
ffamily-eflate, on the dcceafe of his de- diverted over fome meadows immediately 
fcendant Sir Rice Rudd without ifl'ue, beneath them, leave a confiderable ilime 
was fold I but the title went to his coufin- on the furface, and render them luxuri* 
german Aothon> Rudd, whofe (on John antly fertile. The one falls into the river 
was father of the beautiful Lady Anne Coly, the other into a rivulet on the 
Hamilton, W.Williams* Weft fide of the parilh. The pari (h is 

— — inclofcd with very good turf-hcdges, oa 

A cmci/B Acc9unt 9f tbi Pari/b 9f ViflT>' which the underwood grows faft^ and 

WORTHT, in tbt County 0/ Devon ; the ufual forts of timber-trees are flou* 

tHii/tcUd 4/ an Amf^utT to tbe S^ueriti rifliing, and abound in the hedge-row^ 

propofed by tbe Rev.R, Polwhele, and coppices. Tbe roads made and r«- 

for oh Hiftory of Devon fliire. Bj paired with flinu are found, but rather 

William John Tucker, A.M. rough. ' Theic is only one village, ii^/- 

/J*^#ri/ Wid worthy, 1791. miitgt$n, where a fair or revel is held 

WYPWORTHIE (the ancient the Monday after St. Matthew's day. It 

fpclling) is undoubtedly a Saxon is fituated on the great Weftern road^ 

name : indeed, the appellations of mofl of which divides the parifh from Otfwill oa 

the pat iihes io the county of Devon are the North. The houfes are aH thatched, 

of Siixon origin, and they are not un- except the manor-houfe, and aie neat and 

frequently denominated from their ap- compa£^{ and have all, even the cot* 

proaimation to fome river with which taget, gardens and a little orchard aa« 

ibis hilly country abounds, or are ex* nexed to them. The inhabitants are all 

prelTive of their fituation or ihape t as tenants at rack-rent. Their farms are* 

this of Widworthy, — that is, Latus F««* in as good a (late of cultivation as mod 

duj, the H^idt Farm, 1 , Devonihire farms, and are from fifteen to 

This pariih is fituated in the hundred a hundred pounds pit annum. The 

of Colyton, in the South-eaft part of number of houfes, of every defcriptiooy 

the county i and in one part adjoins to is about thirty* Bve. Reckoning fix fouls 

Dallwood, in the county of Dorfet. to a houfe, you will nearly have the 

Widworihy is rather a fmall parilb, number of parifhioners { among whom 
about eight miles in circumference, near- are not more than three freeholders,-* 
]y refembling in form a trapezium, The men are moflly employed in huf* 
l)ounded on the We(l and North by OS- bandry { the women fpin wool. Bene', 
will, on the £a(l by Shute, an.d on the di£tus Marwood, £<q. of Horofliays^ ia 
— Colyton, fir ft purchafed the manor of 

« Bilhop Watfoo alledgcs that Wood and the Chichcfter family, and, dying unmar- 

Willls treat the Martyr too feverely. As to ncd, left it to his brother Thomas, 

his inflexib.l.ty, he was inclmcd to yield, m ^^ofe grandfon now inherits it. Befidet 

SnelLina, to prevent difordert. As to his t^^'« «re two capital eftatef in this pa- 

hooefty, J have afchedulc of his own hand- "^' Cook/bay 1 and $uUon, with large, 

writing, oivning aU ^X^c fums, and to whom ^"'°^ '^^^^^^ ^^ "«"• *>"«^^ ^X ^^^^ Mar- 




only forty pounds a year : though it greatly part II. p. 64. ** Widworthy hath had 
axciteUihe fplcenof his adverfaries. W. W. divers ^nights fo named dwellers there, 

and 



X 



179' -I Typographical Defcripttin of Widworthjr. 669 

•od Lords thereof. The lift Sir Wil- different tiificf. The height of tlie 

litm, and Sir Huph de Widwortliy his church, infidc, is %i itti ; .jhc extrenra 

fon» in the age of ICiog Edward K left length within, from the altar-piece to 

his daughter Emma, firft loarried unto the cower, 51 feet} the breadih of the 

Sk Wi.liam Proufe, fecondly to Sir Ho* tranfept, including the nave, is 36 feet. 

bertDinham, Knights. Thefc landi re- The old timber being decayed, anew 

maraed dircrs descents in the nane of roof, covered with date, was ere^^ed ia 

FrHifif until by an heir of Wootton, 1785, and aeatly plaiOered within, whh 

that had wedded an heir of Prrxife, it was a handfoine cornice. There is a ftrong, 

canied into the family of Chichefter of f<iuare, plain tower, with battlements, 

Ka!etgh, who eave this manor unto John in hctght 40 feet, with five beils; a 

his foo, which he had by his fecood wife, neat wainfcoc attar-piece, given by Jas. 

the daughter of Brvett. Marwood, Efq. { and the clturch was 

The manor-houfe is (itaated near the newly-feaud with wainfcoc by the pa« 
dinrch, a large old building, in fonn of rilhioners in 1787. The font is of one 
a quadrangle, the undoubted rciideDce folid free- Hone, in an oAagon form, 
«f Oe lyutwribft K.nt. the founder of about four feet high, and bears evident 
the church. The front of the building marks of antiquity. The fcreen and 
ii of more modem ere£^ion than the rood-loft were t^en down before mr 
three other fides. Over the porch are remembrance. There are feveral fhiaU 
the arms of the Chichefters, vie. Cheeky, niches for the holy-water \ and on re« 
a chief vairv \ creft, 00 a helmet, an moving the old plainer when the church 
oftrich with a hit of iron in its mouth, w<«s lately new.roofed, the walls ap« 
in ]c9A» In the cicling of the hall is the peared to have been painted through- 
dace 1616. <JUK* No ftained glafs. On the Nortk 

The highell point of Wid worthy- hiU, wall of the chaqcel is a handfume mar- 

which is as high a hill as any in the ble monument, ere£led to the memorir 

BOf^hbourhood, ts nearly the centre of of ibme of tKe Ifacks of Ford, who 

the parifli « on the North-eaft fide of were buried here, though they lived in 

which arc Come remains of an ancient the adjoining parifli of I>itlwood, 00. 

esrreschwcnt \ and near the church, on Dorfct \ it vbcars date 16X5. Arms i 

BO emiocace having a defccnt every way. Sable, a bend, Or ; in a canton Argent^ 

ta a field ftill called CaftU IVwi, are re- a leopard's head Sable, impaling, Kr- 

mains of a (mall entrenchment. In the mine, on a bend, between bendleu Sa^ 

Northern extremity of the piriOi there is ble, three griffins' head& Or. The reft 

a remarkably large flint-rock, five feet 10 are modem, vm, another on the Norths 

height, and four in width and depth« ere£led to the memory of three bro. 

known by the name of grey-fione; at>d thers, James Marwood, M.D. Bene- 

nearly oppofite, on the Southern cicre- di^us and Thomas Marwood, Efqrs. 

micy, is another Aone of nearly the fame iminent for boneflff piety ^ and good ace^ 

dimenfioos, both of them evidently placed momy. Arms : Gulcu, a chevron Er- 

rbere by defign. Afchool was founded siiire, between three goats* beadseraie^ 

by one Searl, but, having been en- Ermined. On the Soyth watlofthft 

<Ioivcd with a leafehold eftace^ is fallen chancel is a monunvent to the memory 

ioto far^nd. A houfe and fchool have of ** Jacobi Somader, viri probi & rei 

been fioce given by James Marwood, medici periti, quam Hooitoni novem* 

Efq. 1767 : foroc other benefa£lions per annus felicitcr eyercuit; 4:48." 

have increafed the maker's falary eight Arms t Argent, a caflle between five 

|»ounds fir anwum. l^o Diflen^ing fleurs de lis, withm a bordure Or. 

Meeting, or DTlfenters. The church is Orel), a portcullis. Jn the South tran- 

6cttaicd on a rifing ground in t!ie Nurih I'ept is a very handfoine monument to 

part of the paiiih, dedicated to St. the memorv of Robert Marwood, of 

C«chbnt : it is built q( flint, in the Qooklhays, £'^. 1755 ; and Mrs. Brid- 

form of a Latin crofs ; as are all the get Marwood, hi^ hlUr, 1756 : an u;i- 

churc^es I have hitherto feen dedicated .meaning infchpii'in at the bottom. Sua 

to that Saint. The church is an ^ni- pr^tnia vtrtus, Atm& of liie Mar woods 

form building, confiding of a nave, a as abuve dckilbcd. Crcfl to this : a 

chancel, and a tranlept; and, i ifaoutd goat couchant proper, on a wre«th Sa- 

f^ppofe, was boilt by orie of the D0 ble and Gales. In the North tranfept 

^iviforlbytt Kmgbti : though Mr* In- is a monument to the memory of the 

cfcdon fuppofes it to have been Duilt tt lace James Marwood, Efcj. which ex- 

G£?<T. Mag. Julj^ 1791. ««<^« 



ti^ 



T^p^grafbicd DifcrlftUn ef Widwortbjr. [Juljf 



c«edt my dcfcription : it is execited by 
tiMt celebrated ftatuaiy Bacon, and is 
in his happieft ftyle. [Sa Pimti !«]• I« 
the centre U a beautifully- enriched rafe, 
placed upon a Roman pedcfbiU On che 
right- fi(|e is a inoft animated 6gure of 
JuJIUif fufpejiding her fcale; and on 
the left BimtvoUitcif reclining over a 



one inxbe chancel, the other in the bodf 
of the church. One has its infer iptiea 
quite defaced { the other the Chicbeftcr 
arms, with this infcriprion : DOJitMt- 
TORIUM IOHANI8 CHICHZSTER, AS.* 
MIGiai. QTI OBIIT JIONO DIE IV- 

mi, AN*oiALTTl8 i66t. In a table 
orer the door at the Weft end of the 



pelican in its neft, feeding its young tower, on the outfrde, are three em* 

firom Its breaft. The delicacy and ex* blems (as attopof PL L) \ and over them 

preflion of their countenances, attitude, fome relief, but much defaced, which 

and drapery, and the harmony and juft has the appearance of a cruci6x, and 

proportion of the whole, rank it with ' on each fide a perfon in a fuppliant pof- 

tbe firil performancts of its artift. Be* ture. 

Bcacb IS an infcription : *^ James Mar* The following is an extra6l of the 

wood, Efq. died April 3, 1767, aged table of benefaAions. In 1733, Robert 

65. Thememo^yof the juft is bleflcd." Marwood, Efq. annually so«. to the 

Th« whole is pleafingly relieired by a poor on St. Luke's day. t74t» Bene* 

back-ground of deep yellow marble, didus Mar^rood, Efq. the intereft of 

with an elegairt white marble bordure loot. to the parifli fchoolmaner. 1767^ 

rifing conically to an obtufe angle over James Marwood, Efq. 40s. yeatly. and 

it. a fchool-room to ditto. 1769, Rev, 

Undtr an arch in the wall, immedi- Jofeph Somafler, Ref^or, the ioteiefl of 

ately under the Northern window in the fool, half to the pariih fchool-mkflcrt 

iame tranfept, lies the flatue of a man, the other to the poor, in bread, on ClinHv 

vary perfeA, at full length, in compleat masday« The communion plate is 

afmourt with fpursi his ibield, fufp^nd- handfome ; a chalice and a large lilvcr 

ad by a belt from bis right-iboulder, velTcl for the wine, given by Mn. B, 

iMngt over his left-arm, and reaches to Marwood, of Cookfhays, dated 1756, 

iIm Tower part of histbigbs his head is and a patten, given bv the late redor, 

fiippOffted by a eulbioo, with a cherub )o, Sfwi^tr, i/tufum/acr§/anS^ite(ha^ 

en each fide, his feet by a lioni bis rj/f^r, 1756; %vho alio i^ave a velvet 

iMindt rcclint on his breafty in the attU cloth for the pulpit. The church- yard 

tudt of prayer.^ On his ibield are three is large for ihe parifli, being near half 

Heat rampant between five ctofllets, an acre i a lar^e flouriibing yew-tree 

two at the top, one in the centre, and decorates it. There are two old tombs^ 

two in the btU. There is not the leaft and a few head-ftones,<**the infcriptiooa 

vaftige of #h infcription, nor, I believe, not remarkable. The regiHer is m 

was there tver any. There ii no trad t* good prefervation, and quite compleat 

tien in the parifli whom it was ioteoded from 1540 to the picfent date, i79i«— 

JoTf though I fliould fuppofe it the Ti*c population has been rather on the 

fonadar of the cbuich, Z># Wid'wpribj^ decline, though it is now iocreafing. 
Km* Tharaarc two large flat ilonts, 

. BAPTISMS, BURIALS, and MARRIAGES, for the Uft Twenty-one Yean. 

Baptisms. Bwriais. 



Yean. 


[ Mak. 


Female 


Total. 


Male. 


Female 


TouU| 


Markiaois. 


Tirftfeven . • . . 
Second feven . • • 
Third (even • • • 


at 

37 
3* 


«7 
44 


48 
66 . 
76 


>7 


»4 

17 


4. 

40 

26 


10 

la 

11 


Tweoty-ooeyean 


90 


ICO 


190 


1 « 


66 


107 


34 



AvaaAoa 



Firft feven • 
Second (even 
Thiid feven 



• • 



3 
5 

4 



4 

4 
6 



ov 

7 

9 
Id 



SSVEN YSARS. 



^Tdal Average . . | 4 5 19' 

The pariih is a re6tory ; iheprefent 
incumbent is William- John Tucker, 
M. A. I the patioo Jaroct*Thoroas* 



2 
2 
I 



4 
4 
3 



I 



6 
6 

4 



Three every two 
years. 



6 \ 



BenediAut Marwood, Efq. ofSottoiiy 
who is lord of the manor, and propria* 
tor of almoft the whole uaciih. 

The 



t - 

1791.] Defcripthn $f tht JubiUi at Rothe. . 6tl 

The following ii 1 lift of the incum* the Popes, upon their exaltatioii to 8t* 

bents (ince the Reformation, with the Peter's chair, have frequently celebrated 

dAce of thck lAftitutiont : a jobiiee upon other eztraordilury oe* 

Roger Sla4e. 157$* Bartholomew cations. 

Palmer. 1610, Robert Perry. 1644, The ceremony obfenred at Rome for 

John ChicheOer. 1650, Samuel Pe- the jubilee, at every 25 years end, which 

riam. 1659* John Bury. 1663. Ben* they call the holy year, is this: tlus 

jam in Dukes. 1695, ^obeic Cole.— Pope goes co 6t. Peter's church to opta 

The Chichefters patrons. the holy gate, which H walled up, and 

1728, Peter Scuckley.«->Sir William only opened upon this oocafion, add, 

Pole, by grant from the Chichefters, pa- knocking three timet at the faid gate 

troos for this turn. with the golden hammer he has in hit 

1736, Jofeph SomaHcr. 1769, Wil* hand, utters theft words: AfieriUmiH 

iiam-Ioha Tucker.— >The Marwoods p^rims jajliiut, Stc **Open to me tb« 

^rons. gates of righteoufnefs; I will go iniS 

Bartholomew Cowde was Inftitoted them, and praife the Lord," PC cxviii* 

May 23, 1554, iu the place of Robert 19 1 whereupon themafoos fall to woric 

CoyU, depiivcd 9L%uxormtui. to break down the wall that ftopt the 

Th« parfonapre houfe is about half a gate; which done, the Pope kneela 

furlong diftant from the church, is an down before it, whilft the penitenciarita 

#ld building coveted with thatch, but of 8c Peter wafh^him with holy wattr^ 

hath fome good rooms, and is not in* and then taking up the crofs, he begins 

convenient* All tithes are payable to to fiog the 7? D/asi, and enters the 

tbe redor in kind ; and there is a cufto« church, the clergy following him* In 

mary modus of three (billings and four the mean -time, three cardinal legates 

pence parable to the rector for every are fcnt to open the three other holy 

pit of ikne burned tn the parilh \ and gates with the fame ceremonies, which 

the manor-mills pay an annual modus are in the churches of §t. John of Late- 

•f ten grtMits* J. T. ran, of St. Paul, and St. Mary the 

— Greater, and is performed at the firft 

Mr. Urban, Jitnt 14. vefpers, or evening fong, of Chridmat 

AHEAD, like that which is define* eve, and the next morning the Pope 

ated in Flmte IL fig. i, was, by givea his benedi6lion to the people kt 

miftake, engraved for Bilhop Gardiner the jubilee form, 

in Buroet's '* Hiftory of the Reforma- When the holy year is expired, they 

tioo." This is fuppofed to be the head fliut the holy gates again on Chriftmat 

of Robcn Uorne, Bifliopof Winchefter, eve in this manner s the Pope, after he 

remarkable for the havock he teade in has blefled the ftones and mortar, lays 

church oraameats after the Reforma* the firft done, and leaves there twelve 

tion* Yours, lee* M. N* boxes full of gold and Jihver muUUs, 

— — — «— In days of old, a prodigious number 

Mr. Ui B AN, June 26. of all forts of people came to Rome frooi 

IF you think an engraving of the in« all parts of Europe in the holy year; buc 

dofed hand fome (ttver medal (pL IL few repair thither now except thofe who 

J^. %.)<, (truck by Pope Benedict in reiide m luly, beciufe the Popes a£ford 

commemoration of his jubilee^, will af- this privilege to other countries, wbe 

ford intormation or enteruinment to have the liberty of ftaying at home and 

the readers of jiour MifccUanj^, by \a» receiving the(ame favours from his Ho* 

Icrting it you will oblige, iinefs. C. 

'^Pours, &c. Clabensis. *—■■■— ■■ 

The jubilees at Rome are folemn ia« Mr. UbBab, Jmlf 7* 

dulgeaccs granted by the Pope to all his T THINK none of your corrdpend* 

communion f. X ems form a true idea of the theory o£ 

Booilice VIII. firft inftituted tbe ju- the Tides. The motioo of the Moon, 

bike anmo 1300, in imiutioo of that of as a fecoodary planet round tbe earth 

the Jews, ordering it 10 be obferved its primary, (eems hitherto not to hafe 

every 100th year. Pope Clement VI. been duly attended to. All our aihn»« 

tcduced it to 50 years { Urban VI. to nomers, with whofe works I am ac« 



JO I and Sixtut V. to 25 ; where it hath <)uainted, iccm not to confidcr two 

cootioucd ever fince. Bsfides which, tions at the Cime moment of timef 

• «^ r.*^ \M^ o I viv .* ,«, . ^1 which, I am inclined to believe, readers 

xLT^*^-'^^i^k^T' U..ir.l.«ari..«l«r««««i..'lJMr. 



A yi\\ztz}'^Sipukbres.^J largi Oak. 



6u 

tJiban wilf be obliging enough to men- 
tion that he will infert m ftnati draw- 
ing ♦, with an intent to throw fome light 
on that matter,' a future opportuoiry will 
be (bken totranfirtit it, f. LanodaLs. 



[Juty. 



I 



tended, defpoiled of all his foliage a^d 

timbrageoufl braocfaei} oa^vliifhocca^ 

fion the Sylvan Gods are alt in motini* 

ing, Pan hja broken hit roelltfhieDt 

reeds, the Wood Nympba have retired 

■ I 11 to their moft oblcure retreat*, and even 

^ Mn U&BAN, JmMi 17. my ftrnhn pen refufcs his office, furtfacr 

SBND you two tnedited tokens of than merely to tranfcribc for your vaJu-*' 

~" - '■ able Repomorv a regillcr of the dirocB* 

(ions of this fuperb tree. 

A W-ORCESTfcSSHlltB DrUID* 

Meaftin and PartuuUri of a iargi Oak^ 
JalUm thi Ufi Montb, in tbc Park of 
Sir John Rufhout, Bart, mt Noril>- 
wick, rear B.ockley, Worccfterfljire, 
jutfgttito bi about 300 Xfon old, twbicb 
it ftrft&lj Jouna, and is 'vtiy fine 
timber, ' ' p^-» 

Girt at 6ve feet from tbc ground ai 
Smallea girt ' - • t8 

Length to the branches m ^ 



WinchcOmbe in Gloucefterihire, and 
one of '*Nathanelt Gilbert at Hinkley, 
1671, different from that engraved in 
the "Leice(lcr(hireCollc6lions," p. 978. 
In an antient record,* temp. Hen IIL 
Ifindalift of townsyof feveral of which, 
when united, it is rxprefled, ** Nnfnina 
Villanim oua pro Villatis in Itinete re* 
f^ondent{ and here and there one it 
eonfiderable enough to be taken " pro 
Tiltati integra " I wrih to know to 
what fpecies of Jtincrary thit^ ;illudeti 
And the precife meaning of ** villata*' 
in this fenfe. M. Green. 



Mr. Ur«an, June 27. 

THE inclofed drawing (pi JL fg. 
6) it an ex8£^ reprefentation of 
five fepulchred hewn out of a folid^rock 
near a churchyard at Heyibam, about 
fix miles from Lancafter, with the ruins 
(as they are fuppofed to be) of fome 

?ilace of worihip i^andmg a few yards * 
rom the fcpulchres. Thefc arc about 
II inches ideep; the breadth and depth 
of the latgeil arc much the fame as a 
common coHin; the others are in pro* 
portion. The three holes at the heads 
of them are abour five inches deep, but 
fo much defaced that no judgement can 
be formed for what purpol'e they were ' 
made. 

If any of your ingenious correfpond- 
ents, whofe pursuits may enable tbem 
to gratify my requeO, will have the 
goodnefs to illuftrate either the prefent 
drawitig, or the ring which accompa- 
nies ii (fft p. 513,/^. 4)» ^hey will 
greatly oblige, iNquuiTOR. 

Mr. Ua«Atf, Maj 30. 

AFTER fome years abfence from 
my native woods, I ibis fpring 
paid tbem a vifit, and, in my perambu- 
lations through the ddightful eroves of 
Northwick, the (cat of the Mufes and 
the Graces, and whe^e all th6 Rural 
Deities ufed to range with freedom, I 
found, by facrilegious hands, thole 
plea ling Ibadet bereft of their moH pre- 
cious ornament. The pride of all the 
foreft, the King of Oaks, now lies ex- 

* Certainly. £dit. 




Solid contents of the body 
£{limaud timber in the arma 



Total ^34 

Suppofed to be worth at lead as. £, 4p 

per foot, is - . ^ ^3 .« 

Fire-wood cUimated at • , 4 jS 

Bark fold for - * 5 5 

Total value £. 94 19 

Mr. Urban, PgnfnvUU, Jtu» 16. 

IF the following account, in additioa 
to what Mr. William Owen has 
communicated, of the dtftovery of a 
aation of Indians in America that fpeak 
the Wellh language, will not be imac* 
cepuble to your readers, I ihali be 
obliged to you for the infcrtion of it. 

About twenty years ago, I became 
acquainted with a Mr. Binoo, of Coyiy, 
in the county of Glamorgan; he bsul 
been for about thirty years abftnt fitua 
his native country, and, during a great 
part of that time, an Indian iraderfrMn 
Philadelphia. Being once with fotoe 
tricnds in his company, asid the Weflh 
language happening to be the fbbjcd oi 
conver&tion, he told us, that theiewat 
in North America a tribe of Welih In* 
dians, who fpoke the language with 
mirch greater purity than we Ipeak it in 
Wales. IndiiJ^ing my natural inqui- 
fitive lurn) tid, I delired him to fa* 
vour me wi<V« sn account, of what he 
knew of thcfe people | upon which be 
gave me the following information, via:, 
that, aboiK the year 1750, being one of 
a party of fiyc or £x traderiy thcy^ene. 

tratcd 



1791-1 ^^^ Particulars of the Wellh Indians^ * * 6ij 

tntcd much forilier thaa uftial into the W. Owen {p. 397 of ymir Miy M»fA- 

reoNHe pmt% w£ ttaarONifinciit, fir be- line), that fiiveral others ha've fecn iff 

yoad the MifBlifpt, \»^re, to their ^h and other writings aifion^ thun. 

frear furprize, they found a nation uf Captain Cook fbnnd ^enty •f iron st 

odaans whn (poke the V/tOh tongue ', Nootka Sound th^r df4 not appear to be 

they gave Mr. Binen a very kind re- of European^ Spcni A- American, or 

cepcion, but were very fufpicious of his Afiaticaianufa6tiire. ThfrFachwcaiire 

£agtiih companioos, and took them for in about iid degrees Wed longitude ac« 

Spaniarda or Frenchmen, with whom cording to moft maps 9 Noocka^oundf ii 

they ieemcd to beat war; but Mr. Bi- in longitude 125 Weft according t» 

tton foott Tcmored their doubts, on Cape Mearesf fo that the remoteft palt 

which a friendly intercourfe enfued. of the country inhabited by the Nootkm 

ThoTe Indians had ir^s amongd them, Indians is not above feven or eight hu»* 

lived in >fejv#-^vf'/f villages, were better dred miles from the Padoucas^ a d«* 

doathed than othei: tribes; there were gree of loneitudc in the latitude of thofe 

fome ruinous buildings amongft them, countries being not above forty-five 

one appeared like an old Welui caflle, equatorial minutes (miles). See the 

another Kke a mined church, &c. $ map. By the di(coveries of Captani 

they fliewed Mr. Binon a MS book, Meares, it appears that thole two Itt* 

tvhfch they carefully kept, believing dian nations have an eafy oomra«tnica* 

that It contained the myfteries of Reli- tion with each other by the ftraict el 

gtoo; and fa id, that it was not very Juan de Fuaa and the river Oregae^ 

hrog fince a man had been amongft them which appears to have been difcovered 

^rho under&obd it. This man (whom as far as tea degrees at leaft te tbc £aft 

^cf eAecAifd a prophet) told them, ef Nootka. 

they faid, that a people would fome time It appears from what ibme Frenda 

eilic them, and explain to rhem the and other foreign writers have related, 

myierief-cont^ined in their book, which that there exiAf , in that part of the 

^*oul€ make them completely happy. Continent where we place the Fadoucas^ 

They very aniioufly aiked Mr. Binon a nacion of Indians more <iwimtd ihtm. 

If he underAood it; and, on being an- any other on the Continent. , 

fvered in the negative, appeared very In Coxc's Defcription of Lenifiaei^ 

Mf^nd earneftly deHred him to fend &c. 1712, it is faid, p. ^ (lite aMb p^ 

one to them who could explain it* After 16}, that the Baron jLa Uontan havinig 

he V0S bis BngliflTfelloW'travcUers had traced the MifTourie for 800 miles due 

been for fome time amongft them, they Weft, found a vad iaJ^t^ on which mi- 

departed, and were conducted by thole habited two or three great nations mueh 

friendly Indians for many days through more crvHivud than other Indians ; and 

vaA defarts, and were plentifully fup- fays, that out of this lake a great river 

plied by them with a profufion of provt- difembogues ttfelf into the South-fea. 

60ns whidh the woods afforded ; and, Qti. Does not this river feem to he the 

after thev had been brought to a place Oregan of Capt. Meares? 

they well knew, they parted with their Charlevoix, vol. 11. p. 115 of the 

numetoos Indian guides, who wept bit- Engliih tranflation, mentions a great 

terly on their uking leave, of them, and Me very far to the Weft of the Milfi* 

very urgently intreated Mr. Binon to fippi, on the banks of which are a pee- 

iend a perfon to them who could inter- pie referobling the French, with bttttona 

pret their hook. On his arrival in Phi- on their cloaths, living in cttiett ■ and 

tadclphia» and relating the liory, he ufing borfes in hunting the bufak>i 

i^und that the inhabitants of the Welfti that they are doathed with the Ikins of 

tn€t hkd (bme knowledge of thofc In- that animal $' but without any arms hue 

diam , and that fome Welihmea had be- the bow and arrow. 

fore been amongft them. Bgjkf in his Account of LouiAanat 

• vol. I. p« 182, fays, that he had bum. 

Rimarki M the f9r€^oi9$g. informed, by the Indians, of a nation 

Mr. Btnoa (ays, that thofe Indiana of cloathed people far to the Weftward 

haA.ilf^ bpckSf i/oHt and Jlone SuiUHngs, of the Miifilippi, %vho inhabited great 

aoiongil them. It appears, by the ac- villages built with %»hit€ /loms^ navi- 

counts that Dr. Williams has collected gated in great Piragnas on the great 

in his pamphlet lately publiihed (fee lalt-water lakes, and were govern^ by 

pp. 42, 43f & ^8)» and the information one grand defpotic chiefs whe lent great 

mi Mr* Bowies, communicated by Mr. armies into the held. 

4 The 



6i4 ^ Dr. Grainger. — ^Rowc Morcs^s Edithn of Dionyfius. [July, 



The fuppofed Welfli Indians are, ic 
lecms, called Pancft or Panii by fomc. 
"We fee in the maps that the P'tdcmeas, 
PaoiSf and Canfbz, arc intermixed With 
«aci» other. Charlevoix, vol. It. p. 124, 
^yi, that the Panis arc a very numerous 
nation, divided into icvcraJ cantoat, 
■which hate names Very diflferenc from 
«ach other, and reckons vimon^fl their 
bribes the Canfcz and the Ma£lotaras. 

Coxe fay«, that the Matocantcs, Pa- 
aimahas, Paneaifak, Panel(»gas, aud 
Fanaa, are but diflfeient tribes of the 
Ikme4>e4>ple. See pages it & i6* 

The MaAotmtas of Charlevoix, and 
the Matocaotes of Coxe, fecm 10 retain 
ibmeihing of Mado^ in tlieir naines; 10 
the Silurian dialr£i of the Wtifh it 
would be wrote and pronounced Maroc ; 
>latodait, and MatociaiM, would be 
pnrcly Silurian Welfli for Madawgwyt, 
or the people of Madoc; r.nd tlx SHu- 
rian diate£t feems, by a cotupaiifon with 
our oldeft MSS, to l^nve ictaiLcd the 
mod of any of oui dialcf^s the autient 
orthogiaphy and prouunci.ition. 

Should this rude and hai)y piece of 
information be thought worthy of pub* 
, lie notice, I may, (>eihaps, give you 
the trouble of ptrulio^ foroc further in- 
formatiot) that 1 have fron* rme to time 
colUScd ; leaving it, with all poflible 
deieiencc, to yoi^r better judgement, to 
determine \%hether it nuy ot may not be 
woithy the attention of your readers. 

Edwakd Williams. 

Mr. Urban, EcinbMrgb, Jum so. 

I THINK, the fecond volume of 
Mattlaod's HiHiry of Scotland was 
Compiled front ^lut materials he had 
\cU by Dr. J«mes G>ainger, my old and 
iQ'inisre act|ua.n':ncc, who died at An- 
ti\;ua, Dec. 24, 17(^7, having publiflied 
a tranfl^t'on ut Til ullus, 175.9, iimo, 
2 ro s ; a Lc>ter to Dr. Smollett on hi^ 
fuppoftd cr.ticifm on it in the Critical 
Review, 1759 (fee vol. XXIX. 81— 
83); the Suv'r'-cane, a poem, 1764, 410; 
and Hiitoiia Fehiis interroittentis Anno- 
-lum 1746,7 8| 1757- He was a ver J ex* 
eellent liun ruriH, lerved (everal years 
as a luigec r of a marching regiment, and 
^ tlitn r%>l<i c ut. It is very ceriain that 
\V\\\ am ^aitland compofed the^rdvo- 
lUatc «*t hat work, and Mt, Andrew 
Milai ergaged the Do£^or to complete 
the I'M k. Yourv, &c. G. P. 



T 



^^r. \ BBAlt. Junt II. 

11! 'lace Edward Rowe Mores't 
tc.iioa ot DiuD>rius ilaticaraeiTea- 



fis ** De ant'c^uis Oratoribus Commen* 
tarii," which he left incomplete, havii^ 
brfn puh'i^ed at Oxford* 17S7, with a 
nmv tide to tht: Jhji pan*, and addrcfs 
to the reader, in which the editors ob* 
fcrve, that the original delay of publica« 
tio'b arofc from a want of the note« ii><* 
tended by Mr. M. who Was prevented b¥ 
death from executing his defign ; ahef 
an vnfuccefbful enouiry of his bcirs 
wheiher anv thint; or the kind was cxift- 
ir g among his MSS« it was coojedlut^d 
ft.me notes might be found written do 
the margin of his copy of Httdfon*s edi* 
tiun i but into whofe bands that copy 
had fallen did nut appev. ** Cum tx 
hxredibus ftatim quantum effct urrum 
ejufmodt quidpiam inter fcripta e}us 
extaret, re (olicite explorata vere minis 
compertum eft nihil omnino fupetefle; 
niri fortafle editionis Hudfooiaoae cxcm* 
plari ab rditorc noflro noc« quaedam ad- 
scripts fueiint : quod exemplar cujus in 
man us jam incidcrer, Qon liquet," The 
book fellers having in vain waited for fomc 
one to undertake the talk, chofe tathcr 
to fend the book nnSoilbcd into the 
world than dilappoiot the expeditions 
of the yoi#ng ftudentsy who nave long 
wanted fuch an ediiion. 

Be fo good Hk to inform the editors and 
the booktcllcrs, that the copy of Hud- 
fon's Dionyfius fell, at Mr Morc&'s UIc 
by S. Patcrfon, Aup. 1779, incD my 
hands. Mn Mores hui not fpared to cut 
out of fuch a Icaite and valuable cditioB 
the lao pages of vol. II. tluK futtcd bis 
purpofe, from p. iss to p, 190. and from 
p.266top.3ao,inclufive,and9aftcrlargely 
correcting with his pen the tranflation as 
it (lands in his printed cdiion, gave 
them to the compoiitor, and» when done 
with, (luck tliem into the volume again 
in their fcribbled, dirty (lace. Tt^ctc is 
not in this book a iQOtc more by Mr. M« 
than what Is prinud. R. G. 

Mr. Urban^. 7«»/ a8. 

OBSERVING in fomc late news- pa- 
pers an advcrtilement from a meet* 
ing of £ogli(h Caihuiicks. held at the 
Crown and Anchor, in rclotion to the 
a£l of Parliamei^t lately palfed fof their 
relief; 1 am induced to fend you the foU 
lowing infotmaiion concerning both the 
a£V and the mectmg, uhich my iiuimate 
acquaotance with many of the parties 
concerned, and the Arid eye 1 have kept 
on the progrefs of this bufmefs, enable 
me to giie you. I am confident the'.e 

• Ihe fecond had Mr. M't title, « Oxo- 
niaci e Tbcatro Sbekkmiaao^ '749-'' 

pamculait 



179 ^*1 ^^ Rdtif graniii to Roman Catholicks explaimJL 615 



larricaUrs cannot bot prove accrptahle 
10 >oor readers, as they i«iu? to ihiow 
Ht»br upoo A fabj ft w/hich U fo li'tle un- 
deiftnod, that ihc very fftfcnption of 
peifoD-. who have been relieved by the 
Legiilature, is bar "y vet afcer^inecl. 
Evrrv one muf^ h*ve observed, tbai ibrv 
arc lomcTinM:^ called Prorefttn^ C(itholic 
D't^^urs^ ar other times, Protfjijwg Cq» 
tk^Iith, nr E^gl'/h (^tifolicks, or Caibo^ 

Tbc 6ift plan of an a£l in favour of 
thefc people oriuinafcd in a conncxioB 
beiurrcn the Noblc Lords who arc ihc 
refpe£li»e hcadv of the Roman Cathc- 
lfci| and the D'flcnters. The ceUbra'cd 
pROtESTATlON, which IS, prccomzcd 
in the advcriiement lilluded to above, 
was the aflual manufacture of Earl 
S— — pe; which, whatever its merits 
mav b^ a- apolitical or theological creed, 
i& certaintv an uni^rammarJcjl compoG- 
lioo, mil te^rns with (iilec'ifms. This, 
\>j the influence of Lord P. and his 
friends w^ ub:ruded on the Roman 
ipaCliuTic body, an4 figned by about 
1,500 of thenVj not, however, withour* 
much dppotititia and murmuring on one 
ti^'>t>dmaDv evplaoat)on$ and dtclara- 
tiofls 00 the otlicr. Every one allowed 
,tiiar, ip its broad meininp:, and, at far 
Vi\^zi\ teft of civil and focial prioci- . 
rd^;. /hiv iottruroent was faithful and 
tf^ej buf moft Roipan Catholicks com- 
plained' tli^t it was ex]fed*ed in fuch 
v^e''a9^''inyproper terms as to invade 
fl^paitkuTar tenets of their theological 
cfee^ Tbey were anfwcred, that the 
Proteftaii^b' Vas the work of Govern* 
mcftt,^ Wt»ich would not fubmit to have 
a wort! of it changed ; that Government 
uflderflood it according to the explana* 
tiOjis th^t were then ^iven; and that 
tfi^e, who Tcfufed to /ign it in the v<rv 
words In which it wal conceived, mud 
be coniteoc to lit down under the oppro- 
brium' of chofe infamous charges pro- 
fctibcd in the faid inOrument. Ac 
diat' time the Roman Catholic body did 
Bdc knoy >Kat precife end this Pro* 
ullation was to anfwer* Soon after, 
Ikowever. the myftery was unrave'ed by 
tWc hi I introduced into the Upper Hou(e 
by ihe aforefaid Noble Earl, tor the re* 
f>eal of all religious pains and penalties \ 
10 whleh, though ther:: was an cxpreft 
claufe againl^ Papijts being benefited by 
jr, jet tnis was but a frint, as thofe who 
bad ffgned thcabovemcntio^d deed were 
ccHicetved by this time to be tranfmuted 
tDto Trotqiing Difftnters^ and were, 
tlKTclbre, detmed worthy of all the pri- 
vileges tb» expcQcd by obex DiiTcmcn. 



It is not neccflf^ry to mention the fate of 
that bill, or to point out the (hott>right« 
cd policy of thofe Roman Catbo'icka, 
who could build iheir hopes on the ill* 
judged and intemperate (lertions of a 
man who, in his introdudion to thac 
very bill, could boaft of his ** teschingi 
the Bench of Bifliops Divinity, an4 tbc 
Lord Ciiancellor Law.*' 

pifappointed in thtir hopes of carry- 
Jng their point by a C9up at main^ and 
obrainin^ by furpnze all rhe ^^dvant^gen 
the DilTcnrcrs were then contending for, 
th'y ^>ere oblifcd to have rccourfe to 
the or<linarv, Iwboiious method of raif- 
Ing fiiends in parliament, in order to 
procure a particular bill 10 their own 
favour. V;irious obHacles and deUyv 
were thrown in the way of this proje^ 
by Miniilry, who trembfed at the idea. 



of renewing a bufinefs, which once had 
well nigh proved the ruin of this coun* 
try. At all events,' ihcy thought it nc- 
celTary to pay attention to the pcejudice^ 
of the people, and with this view re- 
quired that the Roman Catholicka 
Ihould fwearlo the terms of the Protef- 
tation which fo many of them had fign« 
cd. Other claufes were added or altered, 
ftill more calculated to embroil or per- 
plex a people already divided. Ac* 
cord'Hgly, the controverfial civil war 
amongft them became every day more 
violent! the heads of the Laity bcingr 
for the mod part on one (ide, and the 
heads of the Clergy for the moll part oa 
the other. It would be an endiefs taik 
to enter into the particulars of this dif* 
pure; let it fuiSce to fay, that a Nobie 
Duke, in one of the higheft departments 
of the State, declared, at the fecond , 
reading of the bill in the Houfe of Peers, 
that, having fecn the publications oa 
both fides, he thought rhe Divinei had 
the better of the argument. 

The grand error of th,c committee 
was, in their having negotiated and 
agreed with Minidry to a rorm of oatb, 
comprehending a number of theological 
queftions, without the confent or parti- 
cipation of their head clergy. Having 
agreed, they conceived tbemfelves q- 
bliged to proceed ; and theiefore, at th« 
beginning of Maich, brought forward 
their bill for the ezclulive benefit of 
Proiifiitig Catholic Diffiuttrs, as they 
now called thcmlelvet, leaving thofe of 
their brethren to infamy ^nd penalty, 
who, however they agreed with thcBi 
in the fubfiance, objedlcd to the word* 
ing of their oath. Every precaution 
hAviflg been taken by one party, and 

none 



$i6 The IRiBsfgftHUdi^ Roatn Catlioiicks jM^2mf^, ll^Y^ 

»M« 'te «n by dW ocher, it wai con- taken place on die vote of thanks to rbe 

cmctf that the b«fioefs> wonid have been Committee for brimming iht biil tp a for* 

iM>»over, aid the bill would rapidly^ tummuiffutt the Nofl*Proceilers declar* 

Ti»n through parliament: but the mem* ing that, as the zBi was not formed on 

bera of chat aaguft body, in both the original plan of the Committee, but 

fioufes, proceeded with that caution was fuch as had been framed to adinic 

which both policy and humanity dc- them alfo to its advantages, and as the 

nanded on the occaHon at their handt^ oath, which was the hinge on which alt 

They wcra at the pains of examining the advantages of the a£^ turned, had 

into the difpute fubfifting amongfl the been granted to their humble and earned 

Roman Catholicks ; and finding it turn reprcfentations to Government* that, 

o« the meaning of phrafes and words, therefore, their leaders were at lead as 

tbc Proteftert Deliering the fame theo- much ei^titled to thanks for ibe hapfy 

logical creed with the Non-Proteflers, tffu§ of the bill as were the leaders of 

and the Non-Protefters holding the the other party ; an amendment to the 

lame cirH and fociat principles of which vote of thanks was therefore m^de^ and 

the Protefters fo loudly boafled, they feconded, that tht Roman CatboUc Prg-^ 

fiw the Impropriety of making fifli of lalts /iould ht tbaitked im conjunffioifwub 

one party and flelh of the other, and re- the C^mmttee, This amendment, how. 

lufed to ground the intended Relief on ever, was over-ruled pn the pretended 

the narrow and intolerant bafis which ground, that the order of public debates 

vras originally marked out. The con- required that the original motion ihonid 

Icquence was, that the plan of the bill be difpofed of before the amendment 

was totally changed ; the oath was ac- was difculFed. However diforderly this 

commodated to the confciences of the conduA may appear, I apprehend it 

noft fcropulous} and the famous Pra- will appear much more fo lo have fup- 

ufimtim was not only thrown aiide as prelTed, in fhe public adverttfement, the 

tmneceifary^ but its very name, toge- vote of thanks which was afrerwards 

ther with the affinitive words Frotefi tarried utm. eon. in favour of one of 

and FroteJIingf were expunged from thofe clerical gentlemen. A. B*— &• 

every pan of the bill; they were even ■■ -'■ 

judeed to be of a dangerous tendency, Mr. Urban, Jum 24. 

as toe adoption of them might lead to '^TOU are too well acquainted with 

<»bjeds of a very diflfercnt nature from J^ the nature of the barometer to be 

thofe marked out in the bill, and, in told, that no Anetcorologift has hitheito 

die end, might even endanger the A6k been able to lay down any theory to 

of Settlement. guide the man of bufinefs or the man of 

I gipceive it to be owing to this very pteafure in their feveral 'purfuits. I 

circumBance, of the Frot^ation having Aould think it, however, a deiideratum 

been fo roughly treated by Parliament, not to be entirely defpaired of. For my 

and A> difgraced in the face of the na- amufemeBi, I have of late kept a liiaiy 

tion, that its friends have endeavoured of the barometer, wind, and weather 

to cover its ibame with unneceflary and (a fpccimcn of which 1 hare feat you); 

ilf-timed eulogiums at the meetine of and find that, though 1 cannot aUvavs 

the Roman Catholic Committee, which with certainty predict what changes will 

took place oHi the 9th inH. at the Crovvn take place, I have, from three years ex« 

and Anchor tavern* I mud inform perience, been very feldom |ni£iakca. 

you, however, that a divifion took Xhe Journal, inferred in your Ma^azme 

pUce on the qucHion, whether this ce- for May from a Northern corrcfpond- 

lebrated inftrument ihould be placed in ent, has tempted mc to fend you a (imi- 

the Mu/eum or be committed to the lar one for May and June. It tnay not 

flames J and that, even in this partial be unprofitable to compare diaries m»de 

meeting, its friends were only in the in different parts of the kingdom, lo fix 

proportion of 105 to 71, I mud alfo the theory of the barometer on more 

obferve, that thofe who adhere to it as certain ground than at prefentt and, as 

an explicit tell of their civil and focial my refidence is lao miles due Noah of 

principles, do not adhere to it as an ac- Ixindon, in the county of Norfolk, 

curate expofition of their religious be- within la miles of the iea, I think, i£ 

ht^ on th(^fe very points it fpeaks to. you have room to infert my fpecinien, it 

After this account, you will not be may tempt your Northern correfpond* 

furprized that a debate ihould have ent to be regular in tranfmitting liis | 



179^- J Sft€meH ff a P^romiirual Duty m KotfoVii. 

And* if ny eximple (hould likewiie tempt bim to ai«ke three obfen 
dailf Mfteadof owp I think it potfiblt ibme future grftter certainty ma? 
taised from our meteorological anufcincnt*. Clikio 



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OteiATATlONt* 

A£iy 19. Weattier coM ; many horfes that wert turned out to fjnA danferoufly ill \ 
(are throats. 25. Nightiagales have for fome time ilifcootinoed bilging Inxn the (event 
the cold. ft?. A fmall black fly deftroysthe leaves aod fruit of the black currant.— JFi,, 
A fpedet of the cockchafer is very deilniAitw among the early apples. 6. Early | 
rnofvn. 9. Peas gathered, ii. Scarlet ftrawberries and foree fewalpines. 15'. Niir 
froisteeedeftniyed all tender yoong annuals. sS. Farmers bufy in preparing lands 
larntpi. Ray harveft generally bcyoii* 

Out. Mac. yufyt 1791* ^ 



6i8 Mrs. Ma^aulay. — Lunar TiJiS. — Lady Huntingdon. [Jolff 

Mr. Urban, Jufy t. apprchcnlioDsrerpc£t4ngtbeLuoarTides. 

IT will certainly obiige Antiquitatis Uariog frequently the opp9ftttntty to 

GcMiierTator (fee p. 4x:ri), and proba- notice the bmefidal influeoee of ^ the 

biy (omt others of vour readers, to be "Moon on oor xveil-knmvs Thames' a. 



informed of ilie exigence of another fiU 
▼er heart, or memorial of Charles f. in 
evcrv refpefl the fame as that defchbed 
oo paj^c 401, except the infcnption eo 
the infide of the lid (or that part an- 
fwftriD|^ to fy. 4 in the f/ati p. 401) ; 



fe\r miles £aft of the metropolis, I have 
often applied the gre^ change daily 
made therein to the Superior pow^ o£ 
the £arth on the waters of the Mnoo } 
and I can but admire that, while I w^i 
knew that opaque body always prefe1)tc4 



this hai on the iniide of the lid / mormi the fame afped to our view, it did at no 



J§r mentrcbit. Underneath this infcrip 
tion, and a(fo underneath the Kirig's 
head on the other half, are the Bgurts 
11 rudely fcrstched; which, I think, 
puts it beyond ^oubt that thefe different 
memorials were n\^de by one and the 
fame peribn, and that the figures VC 
and II arc markswbereby todiflinguiOi 
the refpe£live halves. J. R* W. 

Mr. Urbaii, JkIj s. 

YOU will pleafe to cnrred an error 
in your Obituary for the laft month, 
p. 590, concerning the monument creel- 
ed in Waiibrook church for Mrs. Mac- 



time occur to my mind, the aimoft uDi« 
form attradion of this globe on the i€M% 
of that fatellite, however great, lb cir* 
cumftanced, couid make but little varl* 
ation in its rivers. • ♦ ♦ 



Litter from tbi Uig CoUNTBSS OB 

HUNTINGDOU iO Dr. DoDDSIDGE. 

Rev Sir, [No date to it.} 

SINCE I wrote my laft to you, I have 
received a letter from my beloved 
Dutche(s of Somerfet, who thiH wrius 
concerning you : 

** 1 fhnnki be ^ery glad to fee any femioii of 
Dr. Doddridge's, and (hould look upon a ^* 
aulay. It was taken down (by the fia* ter from him as an honour, provfaled he wilt 
tuary who cre£lcd it) in the life- time of write to one as a perfon who wants hoik m^ 
Dr. Wilfon, and by his order. Whe* (lni6iion and reproof, but ooC as one «ti# 



thcr the J>o£lor was inftigated fo to do 
from motives of revenge, bccaofe (he 
marrie4 Mr. Graham, or whether from 
frar, becauCe the Veflry was juA upon 



has attained any fl&are of that Chrillian piety 
and felf*denial, without which all pcetenfiopa 
to the name of a Difciple are vain.'* 

I could nor fatisfy myfelf till I had 



citing him to the Commons for it, I will fent you the above, as it will not only 



not undertake to fay ; perhaps from 
both ; for, very (bon after, he fold the 
vault, which he built to depofit her re. 
mains in^ to a branch of the Royds, a 
wealthy and refpc^able family in that 
parilb > (o that it was btr doatimg «</- 
minrf ibtn rtBor^ not his CucceflTor, ci^ 



encourage you to write to her, but /bc%v 
you how amiable and humble a difpoH* 
tion you have to addrefs. 1 pray God 
to improve this friendihip to you both» 
and then 1 Ihall think myfelf of lome 
fenrice in life. 

You were fo good as to defign for us 



prrfamly (if Mr. Pennant will have it a parcel, which 1 fliall be glad tare* 

iu) pullid it dowfu ceive, as there is nothiag you either 

Whatever idea Mr. Pennant may have write or do but I am interefied in. Yoit 

of this tranfa£tion,. the inbabitanu of mult forgive my reminding you, that (b 

the parifli thought the church was not a faithful a rainiller of the Gofpdoot only 

propec place for intbitfiafiit Pmrly mnd merits our highe ft regards, butourma* 

pelUUkSf and was determined to carry ny blelfings alfo. I dread ilack fajiAds in 



the matter into the Ecclenaflicat Court, 
if the Dodor had not thought proper to 
have it taken down almoft at fuddeoly 
as it was put up. The prtfent incum- 
bent, who.was his fucccflbr, did not. 



the vineyard. We jDufl be all up and 
doinz, conlidering that the Lord is at 
hand: and let us not lofe the things we 
have wrought, but labour and exhort 
each other to diligence and faith fuln el's. 



nor could he, take any Aeps whatever O^ my friend ! we ihall reap plentifully 
about this buiiaefs. A. Y. Z. if we faint not. It is thinking of your 

unwearied labours that infpires my dead 
heart at ihis moment with great earnc(t« 
nefs; and I waiu words to tell you what 
Ihall be your reward. AU 1 can fay is. 



Mr. Urban, Jttlf 8. 

DO ne the favour, pray, to infect in 
yoor next publication mv kind ac- 
knowledgements to Mr, Williams, of that it is'tnfinite bounty iv^ohis to pay 
Pcmbrokeihire, for the very handlbme you y^nA this is much beyond; my reck* 
naimcr in which he haih corre^ed my oning. You hare, you evfr->will have. 



179T.7 Tfftan GarJin.^-^Naturat HlJlory.-^Rais and Mice. 619 



Sr prajcrty poor and hzA «« they are. 
f kindeft rc^fis to Mrs. Doddridge 
aid the joung|;cDt)«nian wlio was wtch 
yoQ hfcre ; aod to Mk*. Jooes, whom I 
ikall be extremely gl»d to lee whenever 
be baa an opponuoitj of coming my 
waf. Lire affured of the moft fiocere 
rceard of a very unu-arthy, but truly 
faoiiful) and mofl' obliged friend^ 

S. Huntingdon. 



Y 



Mr. Urban, ilTood^firett, Ju^y 8. 
OUR correfpondeot D. N. pp. 4149 
4159 wiflies to know what planti 
tvodid grow in a town garden. As I 
have for fbme vears kept one, I have 
made bold to offer a few, which, if he 
pleafet, be may cultivate. I can onjy 
Ay they always grew well with me { 
and, if be tries them, hope rhcy will do 
tbe iaoe. The planu 1 would, rccom- 
fscsd are. Stocks, Pinks, Carnations, 
Auriculas. GeraniumS) Lilies of tbc 
Yaliey» Wallflowers, Migoioncttes, 
Nainnkiins, and man^ more, too nu- 
merona i^t me to mention. But, for a 
more particular acconat, I would refer 
bnta to Curtia's '^ Botanical Magaainc,** 
^vhcrc be will find the method of culti- 
^atKw, the (oil, and what flowen are 
fit i<i€ town cultivation. 

\i by chefc means be (bould gain a 
town garden, I Ihall be happy in having 
bad it in my power to employ a few 
idle miauica of another's, as mine was 
ail coJttvated at leifure hours ; and, by a 
imte attention, be will become foon a 
complete town gardener. 

A CUI.TIVATINC Flomst. 



Mr. Urbak, H9MitBM, April 14. 

IN tbc couffe of reading i have made 
cbe following remarks j any additi* 
oaal tafortnacion from yodr correli>ond* 
cats <m tbem may be aa grateful to tbe 
^■eralicy of yoar readers aa to tne.—- 1 
iad tbas Mr. G/ew, in his '* Anatomy 
•f Plaaia,'' £olio 1682, fpeakiug of tbe 
mfiets of Jh^wirs^ by him called a//ir# 
fimsmiftrmu^ obfervea, that their colour, 
Jor die nnoft part, is white or yellow, 
InXy be adds, mevir nd. Now, in con* 
traft CO tbis padage, 1 beg to inflance 
tac Maitagnn, or Turk's- cap lily, 
wbcrc die mpias are of a very hnc red' 
e^our. VVbetber this may be the only 
^cver in which they are lb, I am unable 
la fiy. la another part, Mr. Grew 
aessooos his having had Ibme converfa* 
rwi with S'4r Thomaa Adiilington, the 
,?«iaed SmviJiam profcflbr (thus early )» 
teU'.irc to the jtx/a^ didiodlioa and 



offices of fbe paris afJUwnt. I pre* 
fume, therefore, that thefr genilemeii 
were tbe firft whofe critical rcfeaichet 
into the oeconomy of the vegetable ere* 
ation produced an idc<i upon which 
Linnc, in our times, has farmed To- 
complete and fyAcmatican airangement* 
To leate the vegetable for the nioie* 
animated kingdom : the reverend au* 
thor of the " Natural HiAory of ScU 
birnc" informs us of the deafnefs of 
Ifiit and //iiJ ; and, in another parr, 
very ingcnioufly accounts for the P'irtf- 
cular fatnefs of partridges, woodcocks, 
&c. in ffoHy weather, or when it (hould 
ftem as if they weic prevented getting 
food, by attributing it to the check that 
is given by fuch cold weather to the 
perfpirable nutter. The fubjc£l is cu- 
rious^ and I think it very h<i^pi]y, at 
well as philufophically, elucidated. 

Yours, 5cci^ John Feltham- 



Mr. Urbah, J^l/A* 

Saepe exiguus mus 
Sub terris pofuitque domoi atque huiTea fecit. 

ViKc. Oeorg* 1. i3r. 

WILL you be kind enough to al- 
low -me a corner in yo^ttr Maga* 
zine to folicit an anfwer to the roliowjn|^ 
quedion, which, hoM'cver trifling fcNne 
may perchance deem it, yet I am con* 
bdent that, to many of yoor readeis, 
who, like myfelf, fuder much from 
thefe noxious vermio, the enqairy will 
appear of fufficient importance to occu- 
py a place in your ufeful Mifcellaayi 
and L very much hope that thofe who 
are fonunate enough to poflefs a com- 
pofitioa, or any method to deflroy them, 
will do myfelf aod the publicit th« 
kindnefs to impart it through tbc me- 
dium of your publicatifm. 

My boufe has been fur a length of 
time infeflcd wiih rats and mice ; my 
library faiTers much from the latter, and . 
my whole boufe and out* buildings 
greatly from both of them. 1 have 
ufed various means to get rid of them, 
but to very little purpoi'e. 1 truQ, Mr. 
Urban, yoa will not think the infertion 
of this any way beneath your Maga- 
lines and any of you* readers, vvtio 
will communicate a method or means ro 
deflroy them, will be doing a gi cater 
fervice to the publick than, peihapi, ' 
they tbemfelves may be at hill awart df. 
Yours, &c. T. T. ' 



Mr. Urban, 7«/t^ 5- 

WILL you permit me to give a 
ihort anfwer 10 your corrcipund • 



tnt 



62(3 S wedenborg, Opinion of Mr. Hare mid iAm anartung. [ July^ 

eot M. F. p. 5141 CDquiring after the grounds to Jead us to fuppofe « man 
trui thwaQtr $f SwedinbSrg^. wfaofe would renounce all claim to Heavsa, to 
extraordinary pretenfions certainly de« order to propagate what be kneWtv be 
mand a candid inveftigation. He will falfe, without wifliing or enjoying any 
find abundant information in the Fr/- temporal ad? amages to iad^ him to 
fmci to the " Treatife on Hearen and make fuch a facrihce. 
Hell i** in the DedicMiw of «< The The way in which his charader wftl 
DoArine on Influx" to the Univeriicies fuffer Icaft, in the eyes of pofterityv is 
of England { and in the PrrfMces to that of fuppoiing him to have been Je^ 
<* The Univerfal Theology" and the ranged in bis mimd. And that he was af- 
'< Arcana Cocicflia." The two ^rft fe£led with a fpecies of infmidif is my 
Were written by the Rev. T. Hartley, a fixed opinion. We have abundant ^ta 
Worthy and pious dergvman of the in his writings to corroborate tfaiv; and 
Church of England. When he has it would be trifling with the underftand- 
earefully read thcfe, I truft that he will ing of your readers to areue further, ai 
flod every queflion anfwercd, and every prefittt, in contirmarion of it, than by re- 
doubt refolved. But let me caution ferringthemto a pcrufal of his wiituigs, 
him. and every one who dips Into which are filled with abfurdiiies and roo* 
thofe writings, that they impofe on ral impofTibilities. 

every one the greateft neceflity of lead- Should his dffciples object, that this 

ing good lives \ they admit nofalfe fub* idea is bcompattble with the whole tenor 

flitutes, no bafe compromife t a man of his Kfe in other refpe6(s, my anfwer 

muft be (incere and upright, or they will is, that an acquaintance with the htfliory, 

afford him^no pleafure, will adminifler rife, and progrefs of this unhappy ma« 

no fkreen for h<s vices or ill-tempers. lady, proves to a demonflration, that the 

Should M. F. dcfire further informa- moft incredible combinations of reafon 

tion, I fball willingly communicate any and folly often exifl in the fame perfon. 

knowledge which 1 have gained, or any I fome tiire ago faw an iofane vifion« 

obfervations which I have made. ary of this clafs : he poured fonk his ri-. 

Latus aitis, fapifns fibU fion jo ejaculations that would have done 

is* a good motto for one who is feehhg credit to the whole Bench of Bt(hO|>s : 

sfttr wiJJom. Candidus. he could neither read nor write, and was 

■ ■■ ■ M l extremely illiterate 1 yet my faith does 

n* tr.. . . Stutbminflir, EJtx, not extend fo far as to think him cither 

Mr. Ukbah, y/^ J ^^ ' i^fpired or an impuflor. 

A CORRESPONDENT, M. F. p. What led me to trouble you, Mr. Ur- 

514, wifbes to know the general ban, on thii fuhjc£b was, that I conceive 

opiriion of the Learned concerning the it to be of great importance to the iote« 

woiks and veracity of that mod extraor- refls of mankind to attempt to place ta a 

dinary man Swedeoborg. proper point of view a peifoo likely to 

If you think the fentiments of an ob- Itecome the founder of a \t6t of iVreo ye^ 

fcure individual will tend to illuflrate his mjalemites^ whom 1 neither wantonly 

chara^er, t\iey are at your difpofal, for mean tooifend, nor tofcreen myfclf from 

I do not profel's to know the general their choler by an anonymous ngnature. 

opinion. Lancelot Hare. 

M F. concludes him either one of the ■■'■■ ' ■ ■ 

rooli favoured of mankind, or one of the Mr. Urban, July i^, 

greatefl impoftorc. 1 miMl beg leave to X^OUR correfpondent M. F. dilcovert 

dilTeat from both thefe conclufions. ^ a candour and goodnefs of heart 

NeitUtr his fanatical aflef^ation of fu- which it would be unpardonable eo in* 

perior fan^ity, nor the hil^ory of man- fult. But if he poflefled an equal know* 

kind, nor reafon, nor Revelation, war- ledge of human nature, he would fcarce* 

rant us in believing him to be little lefs ly be fo^ folicitous to obtain fatisfa^iioa 

than a fccond Mclnah, who, in his mif- touching fuch an enthufiaft as Sivcdcn* 

hin, has reverled all the natural order of borg, who impofed on himfelf ^before 

thing^s by converfing with angch, having he attempted to impofe 00 the worlds 

jmmcdiarc inrercoiirlc with the Divinity, and is juft as worthy of general atten*' 

giving us the wliole organization of Hea- tion^s Jacob Behmen, or the French. 

\t;n and Hell, anci m^ny nioie fuch ab* Prophets. In every century of Engl.fl^ 

- lurtt icveries, containefl in his works. hirtory we have fecn fcd^aries arife. No 

With rcfpc^ to I he idea of hi« l>cing ages have been (b fertile in them as the 

an iinfvftor|thUtf do not appear lafHcicut ptefent and the preceding. Nothings 

in 



I79i«] JUwarh tn tht ChaivStr *f Swedeoborf. 6st 

M the «)mI« ciicle of •nthiiiiafin, it ib T<a preach any otbtr gofpcl until a< 

fitrTCtciiig a* ^If-tknud. It wilt at- than that we have received, be 'vcurf^ 

traft adntitatiob in a bad at well at a cd i for it it not another (or it it do- 

good caitie, from tbe lodiaa Fakir* to thing other, nothing more or left) but 

oiMT roodcr* courier* of .manyrdoni. there be fome that trouble us, and 
All true follower* of Jeful ChriA will ° would firvtrt tbe Gofpcl of Chrift. 

b«lieve him in preference to the innn. The original word i« ftrong i META> 

»mble pretender* «o a di.ine miffion, stpeitaI, vvtrtmrm. -St. Paul, we 

'*^?V *• ..**? fo""'™'^ hit follower., fe,,, |,y, „„aer inuidia notonlvmea 

For there ftall ar.fc falfc Ch.ift*, and ^^./had b^^lrwdyVrendwI. bok 
falfc prophet*, and Ibatl fliew great fient / "" ' " i. k"_^^ P^TT^ .w_ 

and wonden ;' infomuch. ihatf if it wera "" "hf J* ' ''/T k""*^ T'*J^*^ 

poffible, they would deceive tb« very ""jjl^ P"':'"l-?u'''''j!»'' ^fj^J^ 

5ea." Let^. attend to tb. aw.fu^ t?mSo « pJl k' S^ i^ 

caution that follow*: "BEHOLD I r^^ ''• /'•^•"'* ''^° 'I'l'^" *""" 

HAVE TOLD YOU BEFOIK. Where. S^l f""l^"PirK t' """» «««!^!'' 

fore, if the, fball lay unto you. Behold ^\ '"f^J" ^'J ^ ^^'VS' " T 

he \% in tbe'defan. /o not forth, behold ^"^t, i*""f ««l« unfpeakable word. 

he U in the fecret chamber*, bilicve it Irt^laUA^^JJ^JLV ""VIT 

«»«r." (Matt, xxi^ .,-.8 ) Wherelb- 3"!". K«'!l^"'J"'^'?*' w^ 

^.....k... ;. ,,^^..i:.„.» .«/,u ^- .!...« r«»eUtion», bat rionct in hi* infirmuiea 

IXlJa!. L f^nd^^^^^^^^ •»^°^- How di#«ot from Che fclf.dc. 

will always bcfound pmendcrt to make j^^^^ g^^ ^ .^ . ^ 

dupes, Md to make a prey of them. k... ,,.„:^ ^:};««. i »'**'" a 1 * 

Wbai need- have we of credeniialt **"^ **'*"'' rifionrl^ E. A. 

when we know the Chridiao s ihe lad "^ 

rcTclaiton from Heaven? Shall we, Mr. Urban, July \o. 

who live under iw brighteft difp^ay, TTOUR correfpondent \V. p. 509, hat 

feck after the ^limmeriugs of a feeble ^ fo well handled the pnnciplei of 

cochuiUft? Can we learn more (rom Hackney College and its cooduflors, 

Swcdenboifc, or Pritflley, than from that it might fcem almoin fuperfluottt to 

Jefua Chrift? or are they not bcdimming enlarge upon it. A circumftance, how* 

and putting out *< that light which itlu- ever, relpeding its difc'tphnt^ whieh 

midates every man that comeih into the has lately come to mv knowledge, de- 

world/' to make their own candles fliioe fervcs to be made public, as a fpecimen 

tbe blighter ? Does it not remind you <)f thedtfcipline obferved in the college. 

•f fame tines in Quarles' £{Ublcms ? A young man, placed by his guardians 

Blow ^nU,made ftronj with fpight, »"^", ^^^ "re of one of the tatow, 

Wbenthou haft pnth the greater light, y^^ 'V^«^P» * private boarding-houfe. 

Thy leficr fpaiks may Ihinc and waiiu the ^'"5 'ound not to have made the e«- 

new-made light. peflcd progrefs, his tutor had no better 

Deluttea mortals! tell me, wlien your dar- ^vay ot accounting for the deficiency 

in{; breath ha^i bluwn than by telling the complainants that 

Heavens Uper out, aiui you hare fpent he was fo afraid to correct the yooth'e 

vuurown, diGnclination to bufinefi, that, (hould 

What fire wiU warm you then ? he even fly into a paKion, and beat his 

Let Dr. PiieHley, in the fpirit of Ca* occafional inftruflors in drawing, 

Cholicifm, to fv^cll the number of Dif- French, or other branches of polite 

fcnrcrs from the E'labiiOiment, embrace edacaiivn, he .Ihould apprehend the 

Swcdcnborgians, and every new reli- fame treatment to himfelf, for noticing 

gionift that c«in add a chapel and a !(• Now this mode of difcipline, Mr. 

hamlet to the over-extended buildings Urban, fcems fo perfe6tly confonant 

of Birmingham, where fools are fpecu- to that want of fubordmation which, if 

iatiog away their own little property, the National Alfembly do nor inculcate, 

and enfoanng as much of others* as they tind themCclves forced to connive 

proieAed notes and difcounted bills will at, that it is impoifibje to be furpriztd 

allow. But to us, who hold the faith as it at the eager concurrence of our owa 

is to Jelus, and adhere to it with aeon* revolutioniAs with thole of a neigh* 

fidcoce which hath fo great rccoHi(>ence bouring country. 

of leward, though ^n angel from Hca* To Uic above anecdote might be add* 

I ed 



9iz Mi£eal Topography wanted. — ** Stnt to Coventry.*' XJ°'7» 

cd another, refpcf^iDg the fame femi* firft fcttiag-up to pradile io any place* 

maxjf that when the oolleAor of certain from a work of thii kind^ fotiiuicd anil 

public taxes applied to one of the occu- formed on the moft e(Ubli(bed aotho*- 

piers of the honfe for certain taxes, or rity and accuracy of infofmation. Thm 

rates, ht was told that they were over* philofophic private gentleman would be 

rated, but that was of little confe- gratified by fuch a work;. and the cobn* 

^uence, for fuch levies would not ImJI try derive a benefit hereafter, at thi^, 

l^^, inftant not thought of. This wnrk* 

Let the parties oontradiA thefe afler* ihould be aided by maps, or rather fur*' 
tions if they can \ and let them, if they veys, conftru£led to convey informatipoiip 
can, conceal the debt they have con* not only of the exterior furface, but ni- 
trated, and the deficiency of their fo the interior circomftances of each 
friends {—-if, indeed, the laft anniver* jl|»ot. 

iary fermon does not fufficientty imply This, Sir, is an outline of my former 

this. Yours, 5tc. Q^oz. hint, which was noticed by a cnrre«* 

■ ■ fpondent of yours at Liverpool in 

Mr. Urban, July tt. terms of approbation, and mention made 

YOU did me the favour, fome time of a work on this plan, refpcfling that 

fioce, to infert a letter of mine, on town, from whence he had drawn far[\€ 

the advantages of a fyftcm of medical advantage, and (econding the views ofy 
topography of this country. I did not Yours, &c. Nestor. 

fend you any plan, becaufe I was in N.B. In my former paper 1 did n«c 

hopes fome more able hand would have mention a map or furvey. 
approved my thoughts on that fubjefi, ™— ■ 

i|nd improved the hint I gave. That, Mr. Urban, Jmtfit, 

however, has not been the cafe; and a TN vol. LIX. p. 15, inquiry is made 

view of England, agreeably to the plan •■• rcfpedting the fafliionable phrafe of 

I wiih, is not likely ever to be attempt- ** being Jent to Coventry^** which is 

cd. It is, undoubtedly, a propolition pronounced upon a perfon when he hat 

foraoimmenfe work; and the col]e6i- done a diflionourable a£t: 1 find the 

ing materials and the labourers in fuch following elucidation of the exprefTion ;^ 

an undertaking muft be verj numerous, your infertion of which will make the 

and years elapfe ere its completion. fame more generally known. 

In every natural hiftory of any parti* Yours, &c. HiNCKLElENSfS. 

cular county there is ever the leaft faid When the fentence of being Jtnt fo 

on the, fubjeft I wilh examined. Ge- Coveniry is paflcd upon a pcrlon, not 

neral remaiks only are made on the air, one of^ his former acquaintance will 

water, prevailing winds and difeafes, take the leaft notice of, or exchange a 

&c. ; no notice taken of the peculiari« fingic word with, him ; even in his own 

ties of paiticular towns, villages, or houfe every one looks on him as a per* 

ijpots,' in which many fingular circum- fon Entirely unknown, and continues fb 

Aances prefent themfelves, deferving to do, until he has made an atonement 

notice, but as yet unnoticed, or at- for bis fault. This punilhment is fome^ 

tempted to be accounted for, and fcarce- times carried to a great length. A 

ly known, except to refidents, the gene- ^ntleman, on being fini to Covoniry, 

raliry of whom can only wonder. in the North of England^ remained re- 

County hirtory is gaining ground fra£lory, and, to avoid the difagreeable 

now apace : it is a dtjideratumt and I fituation of being treated as a ftranger 

hope will be purfued by every county by hrs greateft mtimatet, came up to 

throughout the kingdom. But that, London. Here his friends, being ap» 

though it t«kes-in its natural hiftory, is prized of the judgement paifcd upon 

general only, and not fyftematic and him, would not teem to know hint, 

particular enough for application to the when he met with or vifitcd them. 

ohje£k I have in view, — the benefit of From hence he went to Bath, thinking 

all perfons refiding, or difiYofed to take- to get rid of the pcrlecution. There he 

up M icfideiice, in any city, town, vil- found things in the fame fuuation; alt 

la^e, or fpot, throughout England or his acquaintance being informed, by 

Wales ^ and that this work might di- letter, of the fentence. At laA he re 

rc6k choice, without dear-bought cxpe- turned quietly to the place from whence 

ricnce, which happens to many. To he fct out; and, on making a proper 

t))is may be added, the benefit to be'de- fubmitrion, was again received into fo- 

livcd by a nicdkai iuaflitioncr, on his cic»y. Whoever (peaks to a perion 

who 



179*0 Pnphecj of Efdras.— W/ Sodtty dfJrts. 



623 



who h im QovtniTj^ or takes notice of 
htia, he is kmnc^aiely put into the 
Umt fitvedoii bimfetf, nnleft be iDskes 
aa ipoiag y# or declares k was done 
isadverteiitly. U. 

Mr. Urban, Juij 8. 

IN p. 43 7f Philanthropos quotes a pro« 
■ phecy, f elitiD£ to the ten tribes of 
Ifraeli out of the kcond book of Bfdras : 
he it not ^uniferfally acknowledged as a 
prophet, being one of the apocryphal 
books i but he boldly claims the title, 
and propheiies very freely. 1 think 
Pbilantbropot fuppofes the Ifraclites to 
have travelled much funhcr than is ne- 
ceflary; for there are many parts of 
Tariary where they may be ^ concealed 
from our knowledge ; and fome of the 
Tartars have claimed to be defcended 
from themw Or if, as Efdras fays, they 
leruraed over the Euphrates, they may 
now lie hidden in Arabia or Africa. 
Wherever they are, I imagine their re- 
treat will not be known till they are 
about returning; for Ifaiah Teems to 
fpeak of tham as a nation *' bom mi 
cmci' (cbap« Ixvi. ver. 8); that is, ap- 
pearing ail of a fudden : and Zioo, dc* 
ieribifij their return to their own land, 
fays, " 7Ar>, wtm imd ibty be€» ?" 
(juix* ai«) 

There is another prophecy of the fe- 
cond of Efdras, in chap. xi. and xii. 
where he reprefents the Romyn empire 
as a flying eagle. It is defcribed to 
bare *< tbrti btmJs** (xi. 1), which 
were to •* bi ^iftrvidfrr tbi ImJI*' (ver. 
'9). The great- middle head (ver. 4} 
has been long fuppofed to ttican France; 
and 1 think that opinion b very proba- 
ble. It is faid that the middle head 
** frnddiMlf tfppim-id m9 more** (ai. 33)1 
and this is interpreted to be, '* ibai om 
9fibtm /bsU dU upon bis btd^ mmdyet 
nuUbpmm'* (zii. 26). And in that it it 
diftinguiflied from the other two heads, 
which *'JbmU be JImn nviib ibc fnmr£* 
(ver. xi). That is, they (hall be de« 
^royed by a foreign enemy 1 whereat 
the middle head ieems to periik on its 
own bed, and by its own power. This 
I uke notice q\ as very remarkable at 
this time, for it looks as if the time 
Wat now come, for the late Revolution 
in France was very fudden and verj 
great ; aad what the further event of it 
will be, no man yet knows. At preienr^ 
St is, according to the dcfcriptbn given 
of it, in their own land, and by their 
own zBi I for no foreign nation has as 
yet interfered with it. It now remains 



to be feen whether what is yet to come, 
either in that head,.or in any other part 
of the eagle, will prove at fuitable 19 
what £fdrat has faid as this does. 
Yours, &C. T. B. 

Mr. Urban, 7»(r9- 

I WAS reading your entertaining Mif* 
cellany for May; when a friend cama 
in, and ukiog it up, he accidentally 
turned up that part in which the Ab* 
firaA of the Premiums offered by the 
Society inllituted at London for the En* 
couragemcot of Arts, Manufa&ures, 
and Commerce, is inferted. He fur- 
prized roe by faying, << that it is the 
moft illiberal Society in Great Brit;i in!** 
I requeued he would explain himfelf ; 
which he did, to the follnwicg effe£l : 

" Sonne tinne ago I faw,^ in a co%'er of a 
Munthlf Review, a fimilar Abftnuft to the 
one here; and it occurring to me that I 
might oflfbr myfelf a candidate to this So- 
ciety, 1 fent up a letter, bating a faA, whicb 
I had attefted by feveral juftices of the peace | 
and, in return, received ^ very polite anfwer 
from their Secret.iry ; the purport of whicti 
was, thanks fri>m the Society for my com- 
munication, and that k was referred to their 
Committee. Some months afterwards, when 
writing to a currefpondent in London, 1 aflc* 
ed the fote of my paper ; when he informed 
me, that in p. 348 of the VUltli volume of 
the Tranfa^ions of the Society, I fiiould find 
a law, tkit all the premiums of this Society 
are defigned for England, Wales, and Ber- 
wick upon Tweed ; fo, as 1 dwelled a few 
miles North of the Tweed, 1 was excluded.*' 

My friend farther added, that he 
thought this regulation ought to have 
been made public, at Uafi in the Ab» 
fira£ts circulated in Scotland. 

I could not help, Mr. Urban, feeing 
the propriety of my friend's remarks 
and hope the Society, in their future 
Abdracts, will publilh that claufe ex- 
cluding Scotland from the benefit of 
their pubhc-fpirited fyfiem. A. B. C* 

Mr. UftBAV, JuHi lo. 

I WAS extremely pleafed with the 
obfervations made ouring the month 
of April, inferted in the fecond page of 
your laft Magazines and I (incereljf 
join you in wilhing fuch a journal may 
be continued by lb attentive a corre* 
fpondent* Indeed, were fuch remarks 
committed to paper near the middle of 
every connty, and rccordfd in this 
manner, they would prove ufeful, I 
ihould think, to every pcrfon concerned 
in agriculture, and the lefs imponant 
produAs of the gaidcn, to refer to, an4 

compare 



compare the prefent times and feafoot cannot fay but their cziflence, though 

vrith the former, which are thut brought fhort, hath been blithe and happy : and 

back again to our view. And I am per« how fortunate for roan, thefe are not 

luaded fuch notes would prove a fource cut off by the numerous ilU which flefli 

of confiderabte aroufement to rhe think* is heir to I 

ing part of mankind (many of whom I am inclined to think that fwailows^ 

nav not be qualified, perhaps, to make fwifts, and martins, like the bat with 

fucn judicious comments on feveral ar* us, fleep through the Winter months ; 

fides), were it only to (hew the pro* but where, or in what manner, I am yet 

grefs of Nature through the ifland, and to learn. s ♦ # 

wherein might be fcen the caufes or ' ■' » .■ ■ 

events by which her operatibns had M r, Urbaw, Jmmh^^ 

lieen afie£led; and from whence the HPHB Apoftie Paul's repeated cau* 
Atnds of thpfe interefted in the imme- J- tion to Timothy and Titus, that a 

diate appearance of vegeution may de* bilhop be '*no flriker," is much iniifted 

five conloLtion from a probability of a on in a late publication, to which Arch« 

favourable change, or not be too fan* deacon Paley affixes the quaint title of 

guine, and rely wholly on the prefcnt ^* Horat Paulinae," as ** miumt from one 

fmiles of fo capricious a beauty. who lived under a HUrmrcly, and as 

It would prove a fecondary pleafure what cy>uld not have been written after 

alfo to have the opportunity to compare the Government of the Church bad ac« 

the days of Sprieg on which the cuckoo quired tbat Mgnifed firm it foon and 

was (lift heard, that deflroyer of the «a/irr«//^ alTumed." Far be it from me 

peace of many a feathered pair ; for the to queftion the authenticity of any 

coupling of birds is ever, I believe, a works afcribed, in Scripture Canon, to 

pretty fire indication of the advance of that great luminary of the Gentile 

the teafon $ and the fame congenial world. I have only to relnarki that ar» 

power which promotes their union ope- guments fo extremely captious and trif* 

rates, in tbe fame degree, on thc^>Mr«/ ling do far more harm than good to anjf: 

ammaiioM of the earth. We could then caufe whatever. We need onlyto sake 

obferve too in what countv firft the a curfory view of the (ituation of rbefe • 

nightingale commenced his lolemn air ; Churches with whom St. Paul corre* . 

but efpecially in which part of the fponded, to fatisfy ourfelves that they 

kingdom the fwallows make their firft were by no means in a ftate of barba« 

appearance. Your correfpondent, I find, rifm. That the Grecian cities, Rome 

faw two of thofe birds aoo miles N.W. and Jerufalem, in the apoAolic days, 

of London, on the s8th of April ; but I exhibited the refinements, together with 

had already feen two or more on Eafter- all the virtues and vices, of poUfbed . 

Monday, the 25th» within five mites of life, the Scriptures, and various antient 

the metropolis. profane hillorians, abundantly tcflify. 

The coming and the going, or, if The accounts we every where meet 

you like it better, the appearance and with of their luxuries, particularly in 

difappcarance of thefe beneficial crea-^ their apparel, and at their fcafts, Ihew 

tures, and particularly how they are re*' that, inftead.of juft emerging from a 

ferved until the appointed feafon, de- ruder ftate, they had paued the due 

mand man's admiration. Were it not for bounds of civilization, and were verg- 

thefe three tribes, which take all their ing apace towards that effeminacy which 

food upon the wing, our atmofphere, in drew on their ruin* 
the Summer nu>nths, would foon he But, from reading Mr. Paley, we 

rendered unfit for refpiration. The ibould be led to infer that the Apoflle 

unfledged night-bird, fo well known in was addrefling himfelf to the uncivilited 

every village, may be laid to exift, in Goths, or that he echoed the diftbnant 

like manner, upon the wing; and they jargon of thofe Pi£lt who inhabited the 

reduce the number of thofe infe£ls, Noitbem parts of this ifland, and, with* 

which do not appear in the day. Thus out garments to protect them from the 

does Providence give life and happin^fs feveritv of the climate, ran howling 

to myriads of creatures of various un* over. their inhofpitable mountains; or 

known clafles, the redundancy of which that the bulk of bis converu were of a 

ferve for the fupport of others of a fu- fimilar ftamp with thofe favages our 

perior order. And though ianumeiable Saxon predeceflbrs, who, with brutal 

lambs are now daily ftain to gratify the exuiution, dragged ftirieking vi^ims to 

npeticet and the wants of men, jet we the alur, where their I^raidt officiated^ 

and 



1 79 1 •! Prim^vi Bifi^ps no Striknt. 62$ 

and deeigied tbair handc, tftn rteking lituated, does not '^naturaHy aflame 

wii^ hugian gore, when lifud up in fo* the form he idolises, or boaft of its iUg" 

lemo deTotion. cottid baft appeiife the mi/Uit Httrmnbym No crozierS| goldea 

wrath of an offended Deity } prebendarieiy or fat (inecure c$mwuif 

Bi(hop^» in the piimitive days, wera dsmst are there difplayed : yet is it no( 

quicr, unambitious men: in the raign found that (imilar outrages with thofe 

of Cooftantint they gtew extremely which difgraced the Englifli Convoca- 

lurbulent; and, in procefs of Itime, be* tion are committed in their General 

came '^ (Inkers" in a very emphaticat Aifemblies? 

fenfe indeed. In records of the middle- Breaking the context of a verfey in or« 

ages we 6nd them fallying forth, accou* der to dwell on one (ingle word, always 

Icied in mail, and cleaving down their looks di(iogenuous i and it is very re* 

foes with pole*axes ^nd fcymttart) in- markable UMit, in both pafiTsges ' cited* 

ftead of the fword of the Spirit. Among " no Jhikir** Is fepsrated only by a 

oar contemporaries, if we look to Prance, comma from ** n§t gtvtn tp filthy Imtn ;" 

we Ihall fee prelates lufting aftar the and why is the Archdeacon quite mute 

mammon of unrigbteournefs, who for* on fo important a topick ? Had he not 

bear, perhaps, to combat with their fcope enough for (hewing how narrowly 

owA hands, but have been peculiarly it was requifite to watch the immediate 

a^liTC in raifing feditious infurrc^lions fucceflfors of the Apoftlcs, thofe humble 

agaioft the laws, the king, and the fe* tent-mskers and fi(hermen, who laboui^d 

natc of their country I men plunged in with their own hands to avoid being 

debauchery, and addifled to every evil burdenfome to their congregations } He 

work* might then have proceeded to contra(t 

If ^* ftrikiag," in a Seripcure fenfe, the pidure, and expatiate on the ereat 

meaA n£(s of violence and opprefllion, as things done in modern days by prelatea 

well aa mere Mows, the dignifitd HU* (fome nobly born, and nobly bred, and 

rarffy of England^ U the eighteenth almoA all the reft of them attached, by 

ccnaury, ftanda by no means wholly fome tie or other, with thofe of the high* 

clear of the charge. The hard treat* eft rank,) towards eradicating every ipe- 

oieat which either Infidels or Saparaiifts ci^s of Nepoiifm and Simony from the 

have rtcaivcd I purpolely waive, in or* Church. A defcription of the legitimate 

^imi CO mentioQ notorious inftances of a defccndanu of St. Peter, not only grafp« 

gcrftcoting fpirit exerted againft thpfe iag the ke)rs of Heaven, but ftanding 

of dieir own communion, men whofe forth, even in thefe dregs of time, truly 

virtuea, piety, and learning, would have uncorrupc and patriotic examples to the 

done honour to any communion what* whole (cnate, could not have failed to 

ever* Furious were the aflauitt of Bi* afford fomc amufement, if not cdifiea* 

goery againft Bifliop Hoadly, for having tion, to the p^blick. 

expounded, la a moft temperate man* But if nothing elfe will ferve, and Mr. 

aer, the wholcfome orthodox doArhie, Paley is determined to keep to the fiogle 

that Chrtft't kingdom is not of this point of **firUti^gf** I could wifli that 

world; and againft the excellent Dr. when the thirtieth of January is agata 

Clarke, merely for havioK laid before commemorated with its ufmai folemnity* 

tbe poblick a clear daducEion of what ha weuld indulge us with a fermon oa 

Scripture teaches concerning the Tri* that excellent text in Ifaiah i ^ Bcholdp 

nitv* But if their threats were in thefe ye faft for ft rife and debate, and to fmiti 

inftaacea fruftrated by a wife Govern* with the fift of wickednefs ; ye (hall not 

meat, the eccle(iaftical defpots, in fome faft as ye do this day, to make your roice 

ifiealure, avenged cheir difgrace on Mr. to ba heard on high." The defe6ls of 

Whifton, who was lafs guarded in his Jewi(h fafts might thence be expounded, 

condu^k, and (what to them was by far and compared with fuch as are rccom- 

9iore material; lefs powerfully patro- mended by the holy governors of our 

aiaed* They ftripped that rerpeebble Church, who keep up fuch inOitutiooa 

cooCciencious man of bis income; they without any view to paity debates, but 
reduced him and k|t family to great merely for the fake of conciliating, by 
diftreft, though the times would not the mildeft and moft affe£lionate pcrfua* 
admit of their completely fatiatinj; their fions, the minds of thofid who entertain 

aMilicc by burniag him at the ftake. any ideas repugnant to the ftrifleft 

Seotland, on whofe holders our valiant onhodoxy. 
folemick'a archdeaconry of Carltftc H In every page of Barrow, Tillotfon, 

GiffT* Mao. Julj^ 1791. and 



626 Farther Remarks on the pnjfeni State rf France* CJuIfi 



imd Fofteir, exalted beneyolence, aod a 
seal for the great incereds of piety and 
moraHtyt are to be difcovered by readers 
of the mcaneft capacity ; nor is the cdrch 
of devotion, uhich they kindle, in dan- 
ger of being excinguifhed when iranfmh- 
ted to fuch hands as thofe of the animat- 



mv opinion they will never so bacf^ to 
ahjc£t flaYery again. When I read the 
fpirited letter of Bouil16, I was for & 
wtnie ftatiooary like a floating balloon i 
but when 1 knowth^t a Oarving peafant^ 
whom the Duke de Noailles offered % 
cow to 20 years ago, declined the ac« 



ed and energetic BiOiop Warfon, or the ccptance of it, left the Farmer-general 

clct;ant Dr. Blair, of Edinburgh. But fliould tax him V.igher, under the idea of 

in the performances of our modern fpi- hif being rich, I could not but fay, all 

ritual AriftocraUy I can difcovcr only this is *Viry fine^ vtry hjaU «tid very 

one great Uadingidea, which runs through fdl^itr-iikif but not very Chriflian -like* 

the whole, and is nearly a* follows :— It is now, •'lice and let live;** formerly 

** The lowlincfs wiih which St. Paul it was, •* Live, ye nobles ! and lUrve, 



and his corrcfpondents, Timothy and 
Titus«. condu£l«d themfelves, could arife 
only from meannefs of fpirit, or indigent 
cifcum^ance^ it .being clearly fhewn 
that the Church was originally inftituted 
merely for a few (cores of bifhops and 
overgrown pluralifts, like (o many Levi* 
athans, ci take their paftime therein, and 
domineer over things creeping innumer- 
able* l>o:h fiT^ll and great beaOs." But 
wl)en an indivicUal, of but (lender r^nk 
in the ecckfiaflical corps, and certainly 
of no very lupcrior abilities, rafhiy dc«- 
fceods into minute particula/<, and re- 
duces the immediate fucceflbrs of the 
Apodlcs, the piimitive Fathers of the 
Church, beneath the level of fo many 
tiiunken paifons quarreling at a vifita* 
tioQ-dinner, 1 hope it will not be deemed 
too prefun^piuous if I have taken upon 
the to aniwer the feorocr in his own 
unfecmly language, L. L. 



ye peafants *** And I already fee as won- 
derful a change in the face of the earth 
too as I do in the faces of mankind; and 
if my fingle C9up de fifinUt was to deter* 
mine the fate of Fiance, thofe who tilt 
the earth (hould have their (hare of the 
enjoyment of it. How it will terminate, 
Go<l only knows ! for France is certain- 
ly in a very unfeuled fituatton at this 
minute; fo much fo, that, had not ft 
fore throat topped me, 1 fhould, ere 
this, have been on your fide of the water. 
Nlonf. Bouill^ has been removed, and 
will never more have authority or power 
in France till he has nor-left ** one (lone 
upon another in Paris," and then there 
will be materials enough to re-edify ano- 
ther Baflilc. Btretti had the btfenefs ta 
call London •* the (ink of Europe," yet 
hi bad 9jtemftem Parts I And I am glad 
to (ee that the National AfTembly have, 
amidfl their great works, not neglefted 
to bedow (bme attention to the fafety of 
the people who walk the (Ireets, and to 



Mr. Urban, Par Is ^ July \%. 

AS every Frenchman is notu become a fet an example to l«ondon, in 6ning and 
prlitician, and as I, an Englifbman, imprifoning fuch, who, by the rapidity 
dame hither a leady-made one, I will of their horfcs, wound their fetlow-citi- 
tell you what, and, as a Frenchman 
fays, " for my part, I do not know, but 
I am very fure," that this fame town was 
alwavs a .very comical place , and now 
more fo than ever; for formerly they 
had but one king, and now every body 
is a king Out tbi bing^ and he is juflly 
dvfpifedi for, certainly, had he flood his 
ground, /and kept his word, he would 
have been happier than any king in 
Chriftcndom, though no longer bis 
Cbrifiian Majrpy, If General Bcuill^ 
holds his refotution, and marches foreign 



zens, or ov^-drivc ferocious antmals, and 
thereby annoy the public-ways; Every 
airicle of lite, and even of luxury, is 
cheap here, becaufe money is fcarce. 
Vafl fums and treafure js under-gtound ; 
and much of it, no doubt, will remain 
for the /padi ^n-himdred years hence. 
Sudden death and murthets, in ' fuch 
times at thefe. occalion fuch earthly 
loflcs* ,Yours, &CV P. T» 



Mr. Urbait, June 30. 

SOME circumfiances having engaged 
^.wwf,- -, - — tny attention toward a fpecies of ani* 

greatcH part of his countrymen to op- mals that arc very contMHon, but very 
pofc ; and, though difciplincd men can difagreeable, vifitors in many houfcs in* 
d.> wonders, fo can a whole nation, where this country, I ipean thofc which ate gc* 
man, \vo:n;m, and child, are on their nerally known by the name of black 
fide; and that fecms to be the cafe at beetUs^ 1 have endeavoured to obtain, if 
prefcnt. The long-opprdlVd have now pofTiblc, fomc knowledge of lUcir origin 
talUd of the Iwccis of liberty 1 and i^is and oeconomy 1 and obicrving that they 

btvci 



• 

tjgt*j , On Black Beeths^ and MoJa of dejiroylng thtm. 



6a7 



iu^f more thtn ooce» been a fubjeJl of 
cooii4€ration iq your ufrful .and eoter- 
taiDinfr MtfceUany» I ha^ve thrown toge- 
ther Ittch ihouf^hrs as occurred to me 
upoB the fubje^f hoping that che publi- 
cation of them may be a loeao, if not of 
cooveving to fuch of your readers as are 
troubled with them u(eful information, 
at lead of engaging (ome perfonsi who 
jtfe better informed, to throw more light 
upon the fubje^. 

I find no rcafon tofuppofe that Beetles 
«rQ antieoc inhabitants of the houfes in 
this country. Shakfpcare» indeed^ makes 
Macbeth fpeak of ** ihacd-born" Beetles, 
!• e. favs Dr. Johnfon, *' produced a- 
Biong broken Hones or pots ;" or» as Bi- 
Ihop Warburton, ** iiatched in clefts of 
^ wood;" but, in the fame Hoe (a£^ III. 
fcene 3,) h^: meotioos alfo their ** drowfy 
hums ringiog night's yawning peal." 
X4ow. a> oar modern houfe»beettc$ are 
perfc£k1y fiient, the poet muft certainly 
refer to thar in fed which we call a cock* 
iphafer» which is a fort of flying beecle, 
very frequently to be fecn aad heard, 
«ikI evea felt* in a fummer evening ia 
thecoun|ry« for it flies about making a 
Jkummtog noife, and often Itrjking a- 
pioil oflue's ftice ai it flies. And, if 
S«etles haid been a$ numerous formerly 
«• they are in fome houfcs at prefcnt, we 
Ihould'Canaioly find more frequent re- 
ferences to them in old books than we 
meet with: befides, liow general; and 
how immenfely numerous, muft tbey by 
this time have l)een, efpecially confider- 
iag the fmaUocfs of the rooms in days of 
^ore, the looTe tapcAry with which they 
abounded, the clofcoefs bf the buildings 
in large . towns, and the general want of 
party* walU I On the contrary, .they ieem 
to me to abound moA in ncwcr houfes : 
there «re, within ic(s than a mile of me, 
£svcral new, well-built houfes, in all 
paits of which, I undcrfland, they fwarm 
to fucb a degree ai to be ablulutely in* 
tolerable v *o^ I my(el^ but a few days 
jgo, killed, one that wils wjikingy at 
BOOQ-day, In a new and elegant building 
of three or four years ftandinif. I have 
Ittard of their abounding at BriAol, and, 
I think,, in fome pare of Lincolnfliire. 
They delight in hot and dry places, (uch 
as chimoies, ovens, lugar-fioufes, &:c. \ 
and iam perfuaded that it is a miHakcn 
idea which fome pcrfons have adopted, 
ihat tlie primary and cliofeo refuience of 
ihefe animals is in fewtrs. Tney are 
^ery voracious \ and, I apprehend, eat 
almoil any thing they can get at. But 
lire arc by 00 means fully informed of 



iheir hiflory. They will fometimet to- 
tally, and, fo far as appears, fiaally, 
abandon a houfc, witliout any eanfe 
koown to the inhabicaots. This has ac* 
tually been the cafe, as I am informed, 
in two houfes in my oei^rhboai hood, ia 
both which rhey were verf numerous. [ 
have knoMrn them Iwarm in one houfe in 
a prodigious degree $ and in the adjoining 
houfe, which was feparaieU from the 
former only by a thin party- wall, ooc 
above one or two have been f«en in a 
twelvemonth. With refpe£l to the com» 
mon rcmtdv, a htdgrhog. one of my 
neighbours procured one, which ufed to 
be kept in his kitchen, and let loofe to 
devour the vermin at nighty but he was 
at length glad to get rid of it, for he 
thought it was the means of driving 
tiiem into a bedchamber over the kitcb* 
en : and I have heard that another per* 
fon who kept a hedgehog lofl fevcral 
little chickens, and, after (ome time, 
found that the hedgehog dcHroyed them; 
they are, moreover, I uadcrltand, yery 
nafly creatures. 

Some time fincc I purchafed a houfe, 
r which I knew fwanned with thefe ver- 
min, though it had not been bujit fort/ 
years. No means had been feriouflv 
thought of, or pains taken, to get lid cf 
them, for a long couifc of timet tho* 
fervants of my predecciror very feldom 
opened the fa/hes, and, I apprehend, 
were not very liberal in the \ile of foap 
and water. 1 could find nobody that 
pretended to pofTefs any fpecifick for the 
«.radication of che vermin ; and mofl of 
the remedies that I ever met with were 
mere palliatives, like that in your Ala* 
g«2ine for May lad. The places where 
they principally fwarmcd weiy the kitch- 
en and an adjoining clofet, which are 
facing the S. or SS£. and ^clow tlie le-* 
vcl of she garden. My f urveyor diieclrd 
the workmen to pull thofe tv^o rooms to* 
pieces, to take down the wainfcot and 
chimney- piece ^ (behind the laiter of 
which were found thoufands of young 
beetles, that looked more iikecar-*wig!>j, 
ikeatly to whiten the walls, and to fit-up 
the rooms again without wainlcot \ for 
*' ihui»," fays he, ** there will be xm 
place in which they can breed, pr be- 
iiiod whith they can be hid. ' For a time 
none appeared^ but iifierward 1 iaw a 
few, and heard that there wcie mote be- 
low Oairs. At lengrli a friend found in 
a country paper, and communicated to 
me, the loiiowing ** rcnieuy tor extir- 
paiiuj^ cock-roaches" (a larger and mora- 
uf^enhvefpecics of beetles): '*T«keafniall 

quantity 



/ 



StZ BlaciBiitks,h$wt$hidiJlr0jid.—Eyzn%*%^^OUBallaJsr [July 

floantky of white arfenickt finely poWe- -bcea moK elfeAoal than all the other» 
raed, mew ft on fome fmall cnmibf of and thmt I have hcaN n^kiiM ai a pieea 
.brcad» and by it, the lad thing at ntshtt of foptrftition and foDy, nameW, a ^kui 
Ott the heanh-ftone, or any other placa tmtf whkh the lerrantt fay they, have 
where they principally haunt. Repeat*' firaqoently feen eat the vcmitn. I men* 
inf^ it a few nights will have the dcfircd tion hit coloor, becaufe I have reafon tb 
effe^." Thinking that it feenied to beltere that m/i^U cats never eat them : 
proiMfe fair, I rcfotVed to try it, and ap* at the fame time I mnft acknot»«iedgc I 
plied for feme arfenick to my apothe* have, heard it obferred, that cart which 
cary, an intelligent man, who adfifed eat thcfe animals (bon gfowiick and die i 
Bic to mix with it fine- powdered fogar boweveri the icavenger of my family feeni^ 
Inilead of crumbs of bread. I followed at prefent in good health and fphrits. 
'liis prcfcription for a night or two i but, I tranfmit to yoo, Mr. Urban, thefe 
sot 6Dding that it produced any vifible imperftfi hints, fincying that, if von 
oflPcd, I gave it up. I bad fome conver« think proper to favour them with a plac# 
fatton with him about the origin of thefe in your Magazine, both you and 1 may, 
vrermin. I obferved, that u!e mod of pernaps, receive the thanks of fome di 
chofe yrhich I had feen in my houfe were vour numerous readers, who, like roe» 
not black, at the true beetles are, but iiave a great antipathy 10 TCimin* 
leddiih, which 1 underftand to be the 
colour of the Weft- Indian cock-roachesf 
and he fecmed of opinion, that they muft 
have been . originally produced by the 
importation of thofe animals t an idea 
which feemi to be confirmed by their co* 
lour, uolefs it be fuppofed that all the 
kUuk beetles are originally of that colour, 
and afterward turn black. Now, if there 
he any ground for this hypothefis, may 
we not imagine that they are firft intro* 
duced into our houfes by beams of old 
ihip* timber made ufe of in the building. 



Yomii &c. 



Mr. Ueban, Jufy r. 

THOUGH I am by no means forrf 
to be undeceived, I muft own I 
have always fufpeAed Mr. Mickle to be 
author of the preiendedly antieot ballada 
in the third and fourth volumes of 
Bvans's Colledion. This fufpicion aroiia 
from the following caufes: firft, Mr* 
Mickle was a poet of genius, of which 
the forgeries in nuefiion carry fome 
marksj fecondly, I knew that he and 
which are impregnated with the eggs of Evans were very intimate; and lallly, ho 
thefe vermin derived from fugar-hogf* was a native of Scotland, and (though I 



heads, and warmed into life when the 
timbers happen to, be fixed near a fire* 
place, oven, .copper, or the like ? and 
does not this argument receive fome 
Itrength from the appearance of the ani- 
mals in fo fliort a time after the building 
of houfes f Where I have been able to 
difcovec crevices, from whence it might 
be fuppofed that the vermin would come 
forth into the rooms, *fuch as the edges 
of a marble hearth, the bottoms of door« 
pofts that have fbrunk, or the like (and 
their bodies are fo very thin that it is 
amazing through what fmall crevices 
they make their way), I have had the 
places carefully ftopped unth plaiftcr of 
Paris, or putty, and that appears to have 
anfwered the defired end. Upon the 
whole, the houfe is very tolerably, I 
will not fay toully, freed from this nui* 
lance : and, though I apprehend that the 
introdu&ion of fr^fh air and light, by 
the conftant opening of ihutters and 
fafties, frequent fcowering of rooms, and 
the deftruaion of them whenever feen. 



abhor national prejudices) I firmly be* 
lieve that more perfons of that countrf 
have been concerned in literary impoft* 
tions upon public credulity than of any 
other in the world, from He^or Boetttts^ 
in the fifteenth century, down to his Pro* 
totype tn the prefent : it remains for 
your correspondent to tdl us, whether 
the adual. perpetrator of this piece of viU 
lainy is to be added to the lift. Of Mr. 
Mick It's circumftances I can fay no- 
thing i but as he had, for ibme time. be<-' 
fore nis death; folicited fubfcriptioni for 
a guinea quarto of his ** Poetical Works'* 
(which 1 need (carcely fay was never 
publifted), I hate a tight to conclude 
that they were far from affluent. That 
Eva.)s publilhed the volumes as contain* 
ing original ballads of genuine aniiquity^ 
no one who looks into them can enter* 
tain a doubt t and I ihall never think 
that a law of principle would allow fo 
profligate an tmpofition to be praAifed 
with impunity s indeed, 1 know an cmi* 
nent lawyer who is of opinion- that the 



have done much toward ridding the culprit may be indited as a common 

houfe of thefe vermin, yet there is one cheat. Being a fort of fmatterer in old 

thing which| 1 am inclined to tbink^ bat poetry, I called at Evaoa'a ibcp to eia* 

4 mion 



1 79» •! ^ f^i^ </ Houghton. - DifiripiioH of Liibon. ^m 

muie the volames, and thercK? favcil my Let poets of drawing^nxmi beauiiet mtka 
7« ; bot rhoie ivho have made tht: pur* bo^i^, 

chafe in a confidence of the publifber's ^ defy them to match or mji Kqnor or toatt 
integrity, will be fufficiently mortified to N. B. The Hojan of Houghton was bwrwel 

find thc.TifcWes caken-in by fych unprio- 14 buihcls to ftie hogftead, md kept 14 

d pled forgeries. years iu the caflc before lapped. 

P. S, 1 take the liberty to inelofe an — 

cfFufion of George Alexander Stevens, Mr. UrBaN» Jugg ,0. 

and an excellent (one;; ncirher of which, T THINK yov allow a little laueh if 

io hv as 1 know, has ever appeared in * good for the health of yoUf readers t 

print. Philarraios. and ihat^ amidft fo much feriom, hue 

1. On a HlnJow in thi Red Lion, Doncafter. *»^««"»n«ng> matter, which you ferve urn 



/Mmt<m nm ffi fram, " i^un^.m.nK « iujcrtptfn oj Ltfb9m\ and, 

7««r— . 1750. G. ALiLSTftTiKs. ^T"^" ijot fo fu II of information asfomc 

others which I hare occafionalk eiv*. 

a. ThiHOGANof HOUGHTON, you, yet ftill it hasits /*/^r/ii,„iii5<^ 

A SONG. efpecially when I tell you k came from 

SOME bards of old time, wbodeUghted ^^^f^hfi^ of a man, who, in his time^ 

infack, [fmacki *"*"* "^ '"^*^^ Hguro in this country. 

Have wrote in its praife, and extoU'd lUfweei ■"** whofc fon now poffeffcs many thrm- 

Some too have fpvke in the praife of mild ale, ^'od pounds a year. 3. p ^ 

And others (tand op (while they'll able) (or ''Sra 

Dins.^T>urfcy(p«a«beu^ J^-j^^^^^^ 

^^d^ ^ ftrong-beer of ^^j^ i hope youll 4cufe, LiSs^ 

Ji-r rk. iJ^T • r u i^ t'onKf fi„c place for buiffincfc, but is badly fito^ 

»« the Hogan of Hooghton renuuns yet un- fo-. drriiia*. Ar .n^ \«««a-. ■ ^*^ 

Thoi«hmoreexceWenthqoorwasne'ertipp'd ^kT^^nV 1?;.!^ "r^"*'* dirty thejr 

i'erHhe lonsue. " "^ ""^ ^^^ I® .'^"l ^*^*^' «»d pift 

»«r<ui6Hinguo. „p^ y^y JJ5 y^ pafshy, 1 like the place 

Had the Trojans di-ank Hogan, thofe blades where I am and my roafters too, they are 

of renown [their town, both very worthy gentlemen, 1 am nUUy 

Had ne'er fufferM the Greeks to demohih hurried to night that I can but juft write 

But had fought all like furies, infpir'd by this, this letter — fo 1 hope youll excufe the fliort 

And Paris had long kept his favourite Miis. dtfcription of Lifbon, I will tell you £uther 

He who drinks but one cup oo't was ue'er the next time 1 write, let me know what t 

known to fneak ; can fenre you in and I will do it wkh great 

T'ls the only thing extant to make a cat fpeak s pleafore, only let roe know what jt is -^lec 

So fays Do^or Turner 1 and fure he can CeU, me have an anfwer to this letter and* you'll 

At leaft when be geu himfelf rocky wkli Nell, oblige me, roigbtly , fo pray excufe ray bre* 

OW ballad- Wright Homer delighted in nee X^ ,1 am dear Sir your moA aflfeftionac* 

«ar, [Heaorj ^^* ^^ 

And made a great full wkh the tall boy caira mjr """iTI"" 

Bot,hadbebeencaft upon Norfolk's bircoaft, MORRISIAN MisCELLANT. 

He'd have dnmk only Hogan, and fune ^- . », Article II. 

Col'ncl Ott ♦. •0/ tbe NeciJ/ity $f bitui»g th true mud 

Among all his heroes, net one conld he found ^'^ Namts 0} Fir/ens and Fim$i r/^ 

That cuuld drink ttis fix bottles, and yet ftand €9r4td iu HiJItrj $ if otbermti/tf ihg 

his ground ; [danrn, Sfrj is Jmifg. 

And Achilles, that bully, who'd fwagger and ALL men, who have the ^ife of let- 

Tbe Di)aorw'ith Hogan hadfoonmadealamb. XX ters and of their reafon, kno#. 

Come, fill one cup more on 'i, 1 11 drink ^^*^ '° reading of hiAories, or an account 

though I die j [mond's fuf^ eye : ^^ *">* tr«nfadions, aotient or modern. 

You know my old toai^^'tts Mils Ham- »nl«f« t^ey have the true names of the 

She 's lovely, (he '$ Uvely, 's the bkiomtng pcrfons ading, and the places where they 

bud frcfh ; fprds : aflcd, it is no account at all, and is but 

Hie s all language can utter, or painting ex- like an apothecary that «%es vou idtc«. 

'TwM weU-judg'd in Venusto ftay in tlie flcy, cuinha inAead of jallap. I, ^ ihiVex- 

She 'd made a poor figure when t' other was .aiy the cafe of an HiVlorian, who rivet 

?i^J , )ou fTa^gMut inflead of G^mktmai 

* A rdatioo vi Sir Robert Walpolc. Breigb mm inftcad ol Eiyri moms^ Urn- 

dihs4 



i<30 Momfian Mtfallany. — Ancient Britifh Nannsm f Ju'/t 



^dibras for Rhftn-dala/Jr'Srat, Hailiren^ 
met for Mliytynjs^ Kemiigern for Cjmdt' 
yrn GaribnvjfSf Gannoc for Dyga/twjft 
iDmmnomium for Djfttaint, Nuivln for 
\iMiMrtmt &c. &C.7 Is there any body 
then chat takes a ptrafure in reading the 
•£^ioDS of his anceOors^ or of the aniieot 
inhabitants of Britain dml Gaul, ioibe 
old books that treat of Britain, but who 
•wouTd willingly have tBe real and true 
names of the people and places \\c reads 
'of ? The occafion of ih^ errors of au- 
thors in this refptf^ being either ihcjr' 
•want of knowledge in the Celtic tongue, 
-crowing to the ienorance of tranfcribers, 
«r to tne publi&ers of antient MSS. in 
3>rint, or elfe to that vicious cuflom of 
tnodeliog or Latinizing Celtic names, 
4vhereas the names of men and places in 
•II nations fliould be tranfmittcd as they 
«rc ufed in the language that inopofcd 
4he^. 

It vexes me to fee the renowned king 
of the Biitons, CafwuaiUn, nicknamed, in 
Cxfar's Commentaries, CoJJevtllaunus^ 
sod feYeral oPihe tike, as CjmVif^n, Cu^ 
jt$MiHMst to fee Cyti'Ias, in that patched 
pitce of Gildas, called Cumcgtafus, and 
•■plained LMnzofulve^ a yellow butcher { 
A plain toark of tht forgery : and, in the 
lame author, Mutlgwn Gvjyuidd tranf- 
mogrified into Magh Cunui. I am forry 
to Tee the lands of G'wjr and Cjd'Wili, 
in Glamorganibire, transformed in dif- 
ferent corrupt copies of • Nennius, to 
Guibef at Guiiy, Gubir lee Guilt, Guir 
Ceegadit Guir<ai Gueiif and Gubir cet 
Ctufljf. The inhabitants of Ireland are 
voder no obligations to Ptolemy , or hit 
tranfcrtbersy for calling their ifland 
tiitfHf^ in(Vead of Ittt^n^, ot, as the 
BrttoAs wrote it, f ff^erdajnys, and, as 
it is to tiiit day, T ff^er^cioit, the green 
ifloMiif or, as the lad name imports, the 
greew place. 

1 diall now pafs over Btfde, Matthew 
. Paris, Manhew of Weftminflcr, William 
of Newbury, and all the $aton and Eng- 
lifii authors that fucceeded them, being all 
fwarmtng with errors where they have 
lottched on the Britifli names of men and 
places { butmuft obfcrvc, that the Wcllh 
name Cyiftlyn ' it, by Roman writers, 
Latini2cd Cunobelinuv ; the meaning of 
the word is yelto*w bead, and i* com- 
pounded of eyie and melytt, and was the 
fiame of one ot our antient kings of Bri- 
tain about 1, 800 years ago : but there, it 
BO more necetlity for a pcrfon of this 
same to have a yellow head, than for 
Mr. Wbittbead the poet to have a white 
head, or Mr. Btnadbead to have a broad 



one. Cyn^ in the antient Celtic, (igni« 
ficd Ji'Jl, ebief, or principal 9 cjniaf ts 
Jir/i I cyn, before.', fo that it feems ic wat 
ulcd but metaphorically for a he^d in the 
compofuions of names of men^ So CjU" 
fwrcbt Hog* s bead; Cynjarcb^ Horfg'* 
bead, Cy«//^, CalJ'S'bead', CjHvraleb, 
Hau:k*S'bead, &c. were men's names 
among the antient Britons, but were 
originally titles of offices of Aandard- 
bearcrs, or officers that carried fuch and 
foch figures in their banners. Thrs 
Akws the vanity of etymologids, that 
iearch for the nature or offices of pcrfons 
in their . name:^ ; for everybody knows 
that names of offices are often tamed io* 
to common names, as Ste'ward, ButUr^ 
MaJoM^ Smitb, Carpemer, S^c. Cam.- 
den finds Brenbin, a king, in the nan^e 
Br ennui, the Gauliih leader, whofe real 
toame was Bran^ a common name in 
Wales i and Brutnun ma^wr^ a grea^ 
Briton, in the name BritomaruJi as if 
people's names (hewed their qualities and 
offices ; for the fame reafon Mr. Jobm 
King ^ould wear a crown; cverv one 
of the name of Armfirong ibould be 
(Irongi and Mr. Button Q)»u!d be a veiy 
little, round man. Some EngliAi writers^ 
for want of a competent knowledge in 
the old Celtic, l\ave coined names fur 
fome of our antient kings, which, with 
great confidence, they have impotcd oa 
the world as real names, and genuine | 
mod audaciovffty fctting up their own 
gueflcs againft the authocities of the utt» 
tient MSS, roonumentSf and traditions^ 
of a whole nation. Sir WinlTod Chur- 
chill, io his Diw Britannici, fancied 
that Belinus and Brennus, the two bro- 
thers (called in Welffi Beli a Bran), 
foBS of Dyfnwal Mochiiud, were the 
fame individual pcrfon \ apd that Belim 
iigniBed the fame with Cacfar, or Pht^ 
raoh, and was only a title ot majei\y I 
and having found another Belin (Bell 
Mawr ab Manogan), as he calls him^ 
father of Calfivelaunus (who fought Ju« 
Itus Caifar), and of Lludd and iTiniaw | 
and that (atter this Caflivclaunus) there 
was a king here called Cunobelinus, of 
whofe coins we have (everat, he makes 
bold with them all, and turns them into 
Belins— -Cailibelin, Cunobelin, Ludbelin, 
Mortobclin, Tubclin or Tudorbelin, 
Guithbelin, Belinarvirag, Coclibelin, 
Cymbc\in, Icc.-^names never fo much as 
heard of in any oiber hiftorian in the 
worlds and all tounded on his miftaking 
and confounding the name of Belit who 
was the father of Cafliveiauous, or Caf- 
walUn, with CynfeljUf who is Latinized 

Canobclmus* 



i79X«] Sluiriis U Men of Litters^ and t% MtH 9f Fajhiorl. 



Cunobelinus. It would be endlefi to 
meotion all thefe ktod of miftaket in our 
Eogiifli tuthors. The ccymologies of 
the names of perfons and things ought to 
be looked ^for in their own language, and 
not after they have heen tranflattd into 



alteration^ whether of corre^ioa or im* 
provemcnt? Querist. 



TO THE MAN OF FASHION. 

B V an alTpciatioo wvhich may be thought 

I little extraordinary 1 pafs from theMao 

another, and adapted to the tongue* of of Books to the Man of the World. The 

ilrangers. TyfTilio's ancient Briiilh Hif- tranficiony however, is not uncommon iqi 



torv (who was a VVelOi hifliop, and Ton 
of Brock wcl Yfgithrog, Prince of Powys), 
and our other antienc Wclfli writers, 
poets, and genealogies, Ihould he the 
authors confulted on this occaAon about 
\Vel(h etymologies! and, without thefe 
helps, it is but groping in the dark, and 
amuHng the world with dreams and 
fancies. 



TO THE MAN OF LETTERS. 

IN pcrufing books which have palTcd 
throueh fcveral editions, I frequently 
meet with the tides of authors, ot llatci- 
mcn, blihops, and other men eminent for 
their, rank or underflanding, together 
with alluAons to events then recent \ of 
all which, as a lover of biography and 
anecdote, I want to afcertain the true 
name and date. Again, I have in my 
time bought up feveral books immedi* 
atelv on their publication j and before I 
couid give them a haily perufal, ano- 
ther editbn has ifiued from the prcfs, 
with numerous alterations or additions, 
fo ioterfperfed in different parts of the 
work, that, without the trouble and ex- 
pence of buying the laft, to compare 
throughout with the preceding edition, I 
cannot know whether I am in polTcflioo 
of the a^ual opinions of the author. 
Many readers muft have experienced 
thefe inconveniences. Might not the 
publiihers obviate the former, if they 
iioderftood it to be the concurrent wiih 
of writers and readers, that the date of 
every preceding edition were printed in 
ibme confpicuous part of the book, as, 
for example. Where the imprimatur is, 
or ufed to be, exhibited? Some book- 
Itllers may, perhaps, on certain occa- 
/ions, be averfe to this obvious method 



real life. The reverfe is indeed extraor^ 
dioary. 1 would fain unite thefe two 
chara£lcrs> and, having lain-in a fuo^ 
of fcholaftic lore, I fliould like to fet ic 
off by the acquifition of a little icny as • 
preliminary (\ep to which, I ibou'd be 
glad to be informed how I may diftin« 
guilh the feveral colours which, in their 
feveral feafon^, are worn by the fair and 
falhionable^ My taylor is i>o( always at 
band ; and uuly I cannot remember half 
of them with any degree of accuracy. X 
have fancied, that as colours are iimpitt 
ideas, of which a perfon who has sever 
feen them, or a perfon who has totally 
forgotten them, can have no conceptioor 
the painter might fupply this defe6t o^ 
our knowledge and underdanding hf 
depi£ling fome of the moft remarkable, 
hues of which the (luffs commonly wora 
are fufcepiible. Or, as you are the arbi* 
ters of fide and elegance, you might di» 
tt&. the makers of Uibionablt magaxinee 
and memorandum-books to give us, froaa. 
time to time, a tablet of fafhionahie eo« 
lours, with ihetr appropriate epithets. By 
thefe meant we ihould not only appre* 
hend the colour itfelf j but fuch of us ft 
have not travelled may learn, by refer- 
ence> the qualities of things and of per« 
fons whom we never faw. Our idcat 
would be multiplied, arid we fiiould uft« 
dcrfland your language chough we might 
HOC enrich our own. Qpsi^'ST. 



Mr. Urban, Salop^ July 12* 

IF the dialogue between the late i>r« 
Johnfon and Mrs. Knowlet really 
palled, as it is related in p. 500—501, ic 
pcrfe^ly convinces me of what for many 
years 1 fufpeded, o/ia. that Dr. John* 
fon was but a very fuperiicial Divine $ 
of information: but the united influence and that he had never drunk deep at tha^ 
of purchafers would prevail ; nay, it facred fountain of Revealed Trttib^ which 
muft be a dejideratum with every author records the plan and ctconomy ol humaa 
who avails himfclf of the publications of redemption ; nor had ever will mformed 
echcrt. The author alone, or a perfon himfelf of the aaeaks by which the 
appointed by him, is competent to the ChriiUan religion was §rtginaHy com- 
feraoral of the latter inconvenience com* municated to fallen man, and hat eve,r 
plained ofi afid, out of regard to his fince been ptefervcd' from peri (hiog from 
own character, and in gratitude to fuch off the earth. 

as boy up his 6r(l productions, ought he Had Dr. Johnfon's capacious mind 
Bot to mark in a preface, more carefully heen ftored wuh thofe eiata which the fa- 
chaa is uftiaUy done, every fubfi^otial ctcd Hebrew Sichpcuicit, dtvcAcd pf the 

vail 



ifttl with which the Rabbit and ipoflate feaU, on a private plate. See ** Britifli 

Jaws hare obfcured theiDf do amply fur* Topography/ toI. II, p. i8. 

aifliy he sever could have been fo If the tuwu of the old manfion la 

^ i^MfHi'* and confounded, either by Hertfordfliire h^d been mentioned, the 

Mrs. Knowlety t>r even by Robert Bar* initial on the ring might more caHly be 

cUy himfelf. afcertained, 

Wat not thtt ignorance refpe^ing true Are th^ figucet on the brown jur hi 

^^icology, rather than mere conftitutional relief or enameled ^ } The firft, inlcri* 

morbid melancholy, the (burce of thofe bed £)/ Liifdtf or rather Litfik^ reprc« 

fnpcrftitiout notiopi which fo hirralTcd fenttC^«rtiy; thefecond, 0/6#rtfrAii|(tfr, 

fhe good Dodor, and which held him in or Gtngbtightj^t J4'^ ^ ^^* third, 

continual bondage and fear of death J)tr Ghf, or GcUof, fkith. 

ahrouehout the greateft part of hit life } I have fomewhere before (een fuch a 

I have converfed with Quakers of figure as yuu have engraved in pi. Ill* 

mch ingenuity and acutcneft ; but I oe* fig. 5. of laft month. 

irer met with an iotelligent perfon among The feat fig. 6. it nor peculiar ta 

lihen, yho, when properly deak with, Sp§rU priory. Such an one, fouod^ at 

was not foon and eafily induced to give Sb^ft/burji was exhibited to the Society 

'«p his pretended LIGHT WITHIN at of Antiquaries about two years ago* U 

maturally inherent in every man, or dri* fiiH remains to be accounted for. 

^en into the tents of downright Deijmt Dr. Johnfcm will fntisfv your corrt- 

to which camp the Quakers Certainly be- fpondent p. 529, that tg€Buat§ is uftd 

long. The ftory of A hi £b*ii Yock- by Sidney, and derived from the French, 

PAH, fo pompouily related in Barclay't ^iQ^tr. 

<• Apology," is now well known to \yt p. 53^ Dr. Butler publiOied "Liven 

nothing more or left than part of an of the Saints," in 5 vols. 410. 1745 ^ 

Jtrsbic R§mMmig. reprinted at Dubtini in is volt. 8vo. 

Although Charlet Leflie (who knew itj^, 
the Quakers and their tenets belter than a (hort anfwer to all the blunders of 
any man not of the feft), in hit •• Snake the news-papcrs is, that the Ls^f Grof- 
In the Grafs," and the defences of it, ^enor, who died May 11, was the mo- 
hat efftaually expofed the delufiont of iher of the prefent Earl, and relia of 
that fubtlc fea (originally fyftematized hit father, Sir Robert Grofvenor. 
hy the Jifuiis)^ yet, in mv opinion, no Yours, &c. B. B. 
writer hat more completely overturned — . 
their whole fabricic than the Rev, Daniel f^^. Urban, ymly iS. 
Oittint, in hit •* Remtrki on the Teoett np HE truly ingenious and learned 
and Pnnciplet of the Qjukert," one vol. X Baronet, in p. 91, col. 1, 1. 9, tie- 
Svc London, printed for E. Withert. fert es from his countrymen more than a 
The book is now rather fcarce, hut very fj^gi^ «„« in your Obituary. He died 
well deiervet to bt rc-pnntcd, efpecially, 00 the third day of January laft at bit 
at thit dma, becaok ic is an excellent feat at Colioton, near Edinburgh, after a 
AliTiDOTE, not onlv to the reveries of joog illnefs, which he bore with Chiif- 
the Qjiakers, but alfu to thofe of the ^m patience, at the advanced age of 77 
Swcdcnborgiant, and all \Dther enthufi- years. 

afU, whether antient or modem. To p.^^g. The two laft verfes of the ex. 

Ibis book I particularly refer your cor- j^a f^o^ Dr. Downman's excellent di- 

yefpoodcat M.F. p. 515. --•_.. daftic poem are, in the fourth edition. 

It there any expcaattoa that Mr. Patk. prfnied at Edinburgh in 1 788, moce elf 

horft's Hebrew and Englilh and Greek g,„||y reduced to one : 

•^wii"^'l^ J'**^"f "^^^ ^J"^""' T ^ F«r »>«>^tt «^«Vd aunnd tbt lym." 

pablified? Many perfons in this neigh- ,,..,, r w • u - 

tiourhood have k^gbecn auiouAy wVOi. ^^ ^*^" P«f "**<*^ »**»* ingenious author 

ins for them. W, C. •«J«^o^ded m pp. ts4, 5- __ . 



^ 



P. 485, col. 1, L 1, 9, read ** Snniu4< 



Mr Urban Bever, elo. at Monimcr, in Betkfliira.'' 

THE feal of the friart preachert of ^°.^'* pplfeflion it a very l»rg« aad «. 

Great Yarmouth, which you have q«»fij« P»^"". «« f "»«!«• of Leooi- 

.:.««« ^ ..• M.*« •n«r>«*^ (r»» »k« dat taking leave ol hit wife and mianc 

given p. 513, wat engraved from the , . » , . ^^_ ci^^« ^lu^w 



Sriginal mauix in hi.* own poffeinon, ^~' J^'"?,^ JJ?' ^'j! ^^"^l' T^ 
and fold at hit death, by the late Mr! m^y be juflly atfecmed as a moft valtuMe 

IvtS| p. A.S. taoog other Norfolk ^ They are in relitf^ £niT.' 

acquifitioB^ 



1791.] MfceUaneous Rmarh. — ParRamintary Dilates. 633 



acquiiition, it being almoft the only, if 
DOC the only, performance of the palate 
by this furprinog «nifV, the pupil and ri* 
▼al of Biitolozzi in the line of #«- 
graviwg. 

P. 503, col. t, 1. 4x9 read '* rrchrif- 
tiantzing." 

P* 529. Johofon's Di^bnary fupplies 
inuatice from SU/te^ of what vour 



an 



l^ilological <]ueri{l deems ** purely Scot 
tifc.** 

P. 531, eol. «. Your " Conftaot 
Reader* will find the term goo/lfhtTry ac- 
coaotcd for in the fame DiSionary. 

P. 538. Read «'0*/fMKri//^#ai/. 441*'' 



P. 563, col. I. Enqujry U made after 
the author of " The Bcggar't Petition," 
whofe name, &c. may be found men- 
tioned in pp. 971, 2, of your lad vo- 
lume. Let me prevail wiih you to ad- 
mit this fpccimcn of •« beautiful and pa- 
thetic (implicit^' among your Scleift Po- 
etry J as, though it is rcprefcntcd as hav- 
ing "found ixs way into almoft every 
colle^ion,'* it docs not occur amon^ the 
various poetical voiumc*^ in the poflTtlTion 
of. Yours, &c. 

Am occasional CORRESPONnENT. 
%♦ It (hall readily be inferted, if i 
copy of it be fent to us. Edit. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 179 1. (Continued from p, ^i^^) 



VU OP LORDf. 

A^H iz. 

H£ARD coun(el on behalf of the 
petidon of Sir John Sinclair^ claim- 
ing the title of Earl of Caithncfs* 

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr* 
Grey rofe to make his promifcd motion 
relative to the {(ate of the nation. He 
contended, chat the principles on which 
war would be maintained were only thofe 
which originated in the principle of fclf- 
defence. He reprobated the latitude given 
to the conftru6tion of defenfive treaties ; 
and averted, that if fuch latttu<ie was 
given, the country might be eternally in- 
volved in wars, termed wars of expedi- 
ency, but which might be, in reality, un- 
juft wars, and wars ruinous to the coun- 
try. He truiled, the Houfe were not to 
be .^old, that tlie armament was for thn 
fapport«of Pruilia. He agreed in the 
policy of maintaining the balance of 
power in Europe, but ridiculed as chi- 
merical the hunting out of an enemy to 
contend for a port in the Black Sea, for 
the purpofe of adding taxes to the coun^ 
try. He juOiBcd the claims of RuHia 
upon Oczakow and the Niefter, for her 
boundary, as calculated alone for the 
purpofe of defending her pofife (lions from 
attack. He contended, that the war was 
neither politic nor juft; and condemned, 
M unconflitutional, the implicit confi- 
dence caHed for by MiniOers ; and con- 
cluded by moving a ilring of motions; 
the fkft of which was, " That it was at 
all times, and particolarly under the pre- 
ient cireumOanees, the intereft of this 
country to prtferVe peace." 

Major MMtland Seconded the motion. 
He felt him/eif imprciled with the peri- 
ions (ituation of this country, and con- 

Gent. Mag. Juij, 1791. 



tended that no good reafon for . the pro- 
ceeding had been, or could be, ad- 
vanced. 

Lord Belgrgve contend bd, that from 
the general character of his M»je(ly'f 
Minifter?, and from the experience the 
Houfe had had of their concu^l, ckey 
highly merited the confidence necefTary 
upon the preicnt occafion ; to prove 
which aiTertion, his Lordfhip ihonly 
flared the condo^V of his MajcflyN Mi-' 
nitUrs in the affairs of Holland and 
Spain j and conclutied. by moving the 
previous <}ue{lion. 

Mr. Pybus was flrenuous in fupport ' 
of the cundu^ of Adminif^ration ; af- 
ferted the policy of the country in check- 
ing the progTcfi of the Rutiian arms, in- 
dependent of the treaty with PruHiaf and 
fcconded the previous quc^bon. 

A debate then began, which continued 
till two in the morning, when the Houfe 
divided on the previous quilHon : Ayet 
952, Noes 1 72. 

H. O r LORDS. 
April 13, 
Heard counfcl m the appeal from the 
Court of Selfion in Scotland, T. Living- 
sflon, Efq. appc'tlaot, and the Earl of 
Breadalbane respondent. Afhmied the 
decree. 

Afrit 14. 
Heard counfel un the contcfted vote of 
the Earl of Caiihnefi, relative to the 
Scots eU£lion. 



In the Commons, the fame day, Sir 
Gil&eri Ettiotf chairman of the Dorchef- 
ter Eiedion Commictcc, reported, that 
the Hon.Croplcy Afliiey ts duly elc^edi 
and that George Darner, Elq. is not duly 
cl^acd. 

H. or 



^34 P^fUamintarf Proceedings of Lords and Commons for 1791. f Jalf^ 

B« OF LORDS* jail fubmitud to the Houfe to be merely 

April 15. an attempt to enforce the propoficioos be> 

Heard couofel on the appeal in which fore fubmitt^d» though in ^ differenC 

John Irvtngy late provoA of the burgh of ihape, he felt it to be his duty to move on 

^nnan, and others, were appellants, and tlicm the previous queflion. 

Mrs. Nancy S^onreid, and others, re- Mr. 7#^# £//i0//fe£ondcd the. previous 

fpondent^. Affirmed the interlocutor queftion. 

complained of . Mr. Mar tim, LoxA FieUiagt Sir "Jmwm 

»."— St, Clair Brjkintt Mr. fox^ and otheiSy 

In the Commons, the fame day, ba1« fupponed the original motioo. • 

loted for a, Committee to try th^ merits Mr. Yorke, Sir Jamts MurVap, the 

of the Orknev contefted election petition. ChoMccllor oftbt Exchequer ^ and others, 

Thomas Mafien, Efq. chairman of the were for the previous queftion, which 

LudeerfhaM Eledion Committee, report- was carried: Ayes 254, Noes TSa. 

ed, that; William Aihcton HarbordjEfq. Afril i8. 

and George Auguftus Selwyn, Efq. were Sir Gilbert Elltctt prefented a pedtioa 

dulv clewed. from the General Afjembly of the Kirk 

A new writ was ordered to be iifucd of Scotland, praying relief againft certain 

for the ele6Hon of a rcprefentadve to fcrve claufc* of the Teft Aft. , 

for Ludgerihall, in the room of George In a Committee on the Slave tradey Sir 

Auguilus Selwvn, Efq. deceafed. William Delben in tke ehair» 

Mr. Baker faid,he meant to bring un- Mr. WHbirfarce opened the imporuot 

der confidcration what ought never to be' buBnefs of its abolition. He reviewed 

forgotten in that Houfe, — their duty to the evidence before the Houfe, com* 

enquire into the judice and neceffity of mencing with that part which treats o^ 

all meafures; to the fupport of which the manner in which Slaves were obtain* 

the money ot thi.ir condituents wa« like* ed from the continent of Africa. He 

ly to be wanted. He then contended, quoted Governor Paijy's leuer, who 

that the war we were now about to be condemned the trade, as having been too 

plunged into was a war not onlv unpo- long a di^race to the country, and utg^ 

pular within that H >u(e, as was evidently the neceility of its abolition. He {ud« 

proved by the rcfpcftable and growing from fcverai proofs of the depredations 

Jninoriry, but was a war reprobated by made upon the coafts by thf captains of 

the majority of the country. It was his the Slave Ihips, he had not a doubt, 

hope that gentlemen would exert them- could the Houfe fee the mifery occafioo* 

felves to compel the Miniftct to an ex- ed by this bloody trade, from the obtain* 

plahation \ and, until fuch'an explana- ing of the Slaves to their carriage in the 

tion was made, or until the proje^, was Middle Padage, and to their treatment 

abandoned, he entreated gentlemen to in the Klands, that there would be. an 

brin? the bubncfs forward upon every unanimous vote for its abolition, and 

occafion. He concluded by moving, that the moft ftrenuous defenders of the 

'< That it is, at all times, the right and trade would abandon it in dcfpaii*. He 

duty of this Houfe, before they confent went at fome length into the^roof of the 

to lay any new burdens on their condi* mortality it occaSoned among our (ea» 

tuents, to enquire into the juHice and meni and, after endeavouring to prove 

ncceirity of the ohj< 6ts in the profecution that it would not be iinaliy of any great 

of which fuch burdens are to be in- lofs to the nation at large, moved for a 

curred." total aboliiion 6f the Slave Trade. ' 

Thismotion^if fuccefsfulfhemeant to Col. TarUton, Mr, Groftrenor, and 

follow by another ; viz. ** That no infor- Mr. Burden^ were againft the abolition ; 

maron had been given to that Houfe Mr. Martin and Mr. Francis were for 

whi(.h could faiisfy the Houfe that the the motion. 

expcncet to be incurred by the prefent The CbanceJlor o/ibe Exebegner,w\(h* 

armament were necelTary to fupport the ing to have the bufinefs amply diicufled, 

intered of this country." propofed to adjourn the debate until to* 

Mr 5/. JtfAw fecondcd the motion. monow. 

Mr. Ccx coniidered the great minority Mr. Canvtborne and Col. Tarleton ob- 

of that Botife to be a decided proof that jeded to the adjournment of the queflion i 

the fcnfc of the nation was againft the but, finding it to be the fenfe of the 

war with Ruliia, and fhould fupport the Houfe, acquiefccd; and the Houfe role 

motion. at half after ahvea a'clock. 

Mr. Cariw, confidering the motions - Jfril 



%79^*] ^^J^<^fnentcirj Prwfdifigi ofl^rdi and Commom for 1791. 635 

Afril \t^. from the Court of Scflion in Scotland bc« 

In the adjourbed debate on the Slave tween John Laird, mcrcitanr, of Green* 

trade, ock, appellant, and Meifrs. Rohertfoa 

Sir fPilliamTiunj^ Of poM themotioB. and Co. of the fame place, refpondents. 

The Hbufe, he faW, it they abandoned Upon the motion of the Lord Chancellor^ 

the trade by an abolition, would abandon the interlocutor complained of was re« 

it to other countries, which, indead of Tcrfed, and (he caufe remitted to the 

beturing the miferics w« defircd to re- Court of Seflion, v^ith inftru6^ions. 

medy, would render them ten limes more Adjourned to the ad of May. 

fcvere and aggravating.' Upon thole ■ 

grounds he was determmed to give his In the Commons, the fame day, the 

negative to unqualified abolition, though Roman Carbolic bill was read the third 

no man was more dcfimus to fee the ob» time, and pafTcd. 

jeft of abolition obtained in a moderate Lord TitctJufU took the oaths and hit 

way. feat tor the county of Buckingham. 

Lord 7»*ar Rujel confidered the plan Aprii 21. 

propofed to abolifli the Slave trade as vi- Mr. EHioti, chairman of the, Orkney 

nonarv, chimerical, and dan^rous ; and contefted elo^ion Cbmmitcee, reported, 

that the general interefls of humanity that J. Balfour, efq. was duly ere£ledj 

aiid' liberty would not be advanced by and that the peti:ion of Co). Dundas ap- 

abolifliinc; it. pcared to be frivolous, but not vexatious* 

Mr. Stanley faid, that he (hould not ■ 

have ▼eniured to (peak upon a fubjeft of H.OFLORDS. 

fo much Importance, if he had not had M^y 3. 

fome local knowledge of the We(\ India The Roman Catiiolic bill was read the 

iilaods by the experience of near thirty firft time« and ordcfcd to be pintcd. 

years 5 and if the caufe of the Planters ■ ■ 

and Merchants, while it wa<i attacked by In the Commons, the fame day, a bill 

the eloquence of the moft able men in for building a new bridge over the 

and ottt of that Moufe, did not very Thames at Staines was brought ini and 

much want the afliftance of thofe, whofe read the firft time. 

experience gave them fome degree of ■ — — - 

competence to the fubjed. Mr. Stanley * H.oplo&ds* 

then fgoke for a confiderable time in de- May 4. 

fence of the trade, and fupported his opi- Lord Gr^nvilU moved, ** that the r&- 

aions by fome copious quotations from port of the Committee, appointed to 

the Scripture, and from Locke, and other icarch for precedence relating to the con* 

authors. tinu»nce of the i.npcachment, Ihould be 

Mr. iST. SmitB defended the motion* taken into con fSd.- ration on Monday fc'n- 

He reprobated the arguments of the Hon. nit^ht ; and that the Houfe be fummoned 

Gentleman, who had endeavoured to for that day," 

prove from Scripture that Chriftianity — ■■■ — 

and Slavery were not incompatible, rfc In the Commons, the Tame day, in a 

then read ieveral infVances of the moft Committee on the pilchard ti(hery, came 

atrocious cruelty in the captains of Slave to a refoluiion to grant an additional 

fliips, which ekcited, in a wonderful de* bounty of is. 6d. on every calk of 50 

grecy the merriment of fome part of the gallons. 

Houfe. He concluded, that the Slave — -^^^. 

tra'de was as prejudicial to the intereft of H.oflordi. 

our Wefl-lntlia pollellions as it was ad* May 5 

Tcffe to humanity. ' The Lord ChuncellQr came down to 

Mr. Caitfiborm oppofed the motion, the houfe aHout ::»rec o*cluck ; an J, af- 

as did Col. Pbtpps. t«r a long conference between his Lord* 

The Cbaweeitor 0/ tbi Exchequer and (hip and Lor<] C'etrville, thtir Lordihips 

fAr» Fox fpokc long and animated for went ii)t(» a C unnnttce of Prrjlcge^. 

the morion I after which the Houfe di- lo the confid ation ot the levcral pe* 

vided, for the abolition 88, againd it titions rcfpeMme the rl'.£tion of Scotch 

165. Adjourned at four o'clock. peers, coun'.cl wci? heard iu the cafe of 

■■ Lord Moray. 

H. OF LORDS. 

April 20. In the Comni .m, ihc fame day, a new 

Heard couricI funhcr in the appeal wiit was ordet<.a to U made out f u the 



636 Parliamentarj Pr0aedings •f Lords andCmnmsfir 1791. (July, 



cleflion of a member of parliameoc for 
the town of Lymington, in the coaoty 
of Hants. 

May 6. 

Mr. Srwnbam prcfented a pefitjon, 
complaining of the Ludgerdiall elcftion. 
To be confidercd on the 15th of A"g"ft- 

The order of the day being read, for 
the Houfc going into a Committee upon 
the Qocbec bill, mr. Hohart in the chair. 

Air. Burke delivered his prom Ted 
opinion upon the bill then before the 
Committee. Thcv were about to exer- 
cife the higheR poliiblcaft of fovercign- 
ty,in the formation of a Conftitution for 
the government of a confidcrable body 
of men : in doing of which they ought 
to be well alTurco of their competence ; 
and it was ncccflfary ro enquire where 
the right origioatcd ih^^t we claimed to 
le^ifl^ic for Canada. If ihc-right of le- 
gination, and of forming governments, 
was to be guided in this country upon 
the foundation of the rights of men, it 
would be an abfolute ufurpation. There 
was, however, another ground of right 
to form a government, namely, the 
Jaws of nations. Having obtained Ca- 
nada by conqucft, we had a right by the 
laws of nations to form a government 
for her, founded on jullice, equity, and 
for the happinefs of the people. Wc 
had the cellion of the former Ibvercign, 
and the laws of prefcription ; and, on 
thofe grounds, he was conviiiced we 
had a right to make laws for Canada. 
Having eflabUlhcd that right, it would 
be readily admitted, that we were bound 
to give them the bcft gorernment they 
were capable of receiving, for the pro- 
motion of their internal happinefs, and 
the external relation they had to this 
country. In doing this, fome gentle* 
nien might conceive it improper and 
unncccflUry to refort to the experience 
of antiquity, but would give the prefe* 
rence or refort to the happinefs of Paris, 
to the proceedings of London clubs, 
•■d to the Paris lanterns for illumina- 
tion. Neither would he refort to anti- 
quity ; but would take, as the examples 
00 which he Ihould argue the Conftitu- 
tion to be given to Canada, the example 
of the American, the French, and the 
Bririih ConHitutious. The Conllitution 
of America vvas tit to be confidered, on 
account of its being in the neighbour- 
hood of Canada; and as wc weic bound 
by policy to provide a ConRituiion that 
would give the Canadians no reafon ro 
envy ihcit neighbours. The American 
Coniiituticn was tnade as aj;rceable a& 



the circuroftancet would admit to tho 
Britiflt— the difference betwceo their 
Revolution and that of France would 
bear no coinparifo»( the Americans had 
what was eflentially necelTary for fieo* 
dom, they had the phlegm of the good* 
temper of EngliihmeB— they were fitted 
for republicans by a republican educa<« 
tion in the form of their government^ 
maintained by a vigilant and benc^cot 
monarch. Their Revolution was not 
brought about by bafe and degenerate 
crimes; nor did they overturn a govern* 
ment for the purpofes of anarchy^ but 
they raifed a republick as nearly repre- 
fenting the Britiih Government as it 
wai ppfliblc— they did not run into the 
abfurdity of France, and, by feizing oa 
the rights of men, declare that the aa- 
lion was to govern the nation, and 
Prince Pretty man to govern Piiace 
Prettvroan. There were in Canada ma* 
ny ot the antient inhabitants ; would it 
be proper to give them the French Con- 
(litution ? In his opinion, there was not 
a iingLe ciicumftance that recommended 
the adoption of any part of it, for the 
whole of it was abominably bad— -the 
production of folly, mot wifdom'^^f 
vice, not virtue; it contained nothing 
but extremes, as di(Unt from each other 
as the Poles— the parts were in eternal 
oppofition to each other— it was founded 
on what was termed the rights of men | 
but, to his convi(Slion^ it was founded 
in the wrongs of men, and he then held 
in his hand an example of iu effe^ oa 
the French colonies-*Domingo» Gua« 
daloupe, and the other French iflaodst 
were rich, happy, ai\d growing m 
Arcogth and confequeace, in fpite of 
the three laft didreliiog wars» before 
they heard of the new do£trme of the 
rights of mep ; but thefe rights had no 
fooner arrived at the Iflands than any 
fpe£lator would have imagined that 
Pandora's box had been opened, and 
that Hell had yawned out difcord, mur- 
der, and every mifchief, for anarchy, 
confuhon, and bloodihtd, raged ev«iy 
where, it was a general rummoos for 

Blffck fpirits, and white. 

Blue fpirits, and grey, 
Mingle, mingle, mingle^ 

You that mingle may. 

When the Allcmbly heard of thefe dif* 
orders, they ordered troops to quell 
them ; but it proved that the troops had 
joined the infurgents, and murdered 
tbci;- Commander. He looked on the 
Revolution with horror and detcHatioQ; 
it wa§a Kt volution of conlummaic Col- 



1 79 1 .] ParUammWf Proe^dings $/ totds and dmmmsfor if^i. 6y^ 

ly, formed And maintained by every difbrderly in proceeding to ftate the 

vice* Tbe Houfc h«d boen told by a Con ft ttution of France. 

Kight Hon. Gentleman ^Mr. Fox) on a Mr, Burke infifted, that, tvhen vm 

former day, that the Revolutioo was a were forming a Conftitutton, we had m 

m€wunt9 of human integrity \ but he right to difcuft on any, fo as to give the 

would (hew, before he fat Hown, from beft. He conceived the prefeot crifis to 

the laft accounts from the National Af- be a momentous one ; and, whenever 

fembly, what their proceedings had other Cooftitutions were applauded as 

lately been in refpe^l to their boallcd preferable to the Britiih, he would ever 

muautfto. They had formerly declared ftand forward, and attempt to prevent 

k to be an eternal Conllitution, never oar hunting after theoretical Conftitu* 

to be (haken ; they had made the whole tions. He hoped the people of England 

pation fwear to it; aod^ when they had were married to their Conftitutioo, and 

obtained every thing they appeared to that they would ' never be feparated 

wi(h, a king and no king— their fovc- from it. He knew that he was dif« 

reign a prifoncr to the chief gaoler of* charging his duty, in warning his conn* 

Paris— >they were not content,* but^ try againft impending danger; but could 

wiihing to (hew what a dei;raded thing not comprehend what ganoe thofe were 

m king might be, the chief gaoler, M. playing who attempted to prevent the 

de la Fayette, allowed his nominal mo- prefent difcuifion, 

Barch a day' rule from Paris, to make Mr. St. Joba rofe to order. 

Ml £aft^ holiday— but againft this the Mr. Martin called Mr. St. John tuf 

saagiArates of the Municipality remon- order ; for he was of opinion, that Mr* 

0rated, fearing an cTcape, though to Burke was not diforderly, and Hnccrelf 

him it appeared of very little confe- hoped he would proceed. A Right* 

quence whether tbe unfortunate Louis Hon. Gentlemati (Mr. Poa) declared, 

was or was not amon^ his people, un* on a former day, that the publick had 

kfs it was for the purpofc of infulting a right to tbe opinions of public men ^ 

htm, and of making him the channel of he therefore wiihed that the Right Hon. 

infuit to every kingdom in Europe. Gentleman might experience no farther 

The remonftrance^ however, was not interruption. 

attended to, and the King, with his at- Mr. Burki felt it to be his duty t9 

tendants, fet out for St. Cloud in a give no countenance to fohemes^ which 

c<ttth» vthich was Aopped by a grena- he knew did exiii, to overturn everf 

dier with a piefentcd bavonet, and a fundamental principle of the Conftitu** 

declaration that he (the King) ihould tion. He knew it, and he charged ic^ 

90t proceed. that fuch machinations were in extft« 

Here Mr. Baker faid, that, great as cnce; and though they might not bo 

his opinion was of the Right Hon. Gen- immediately ^tempted, they might be, 

tleman's integrity, he muft call hint to when brought to maturity^ in other 

order, as he was totally deviating from reigns, and at other times. 

the order of the day, and going into a The cry of order I order ! became ge« 

diiculfion on foreign governments. neral through the Houfe, in which tha 

Mr. Fbx faid, he believed the Right Cbaneellor of the Exchequer ^ Mr. Mar* 

Hon. Gentleman looked upon this day /iff, Mr. Orde^ and Co\,Phipps, fpoke in 

as a day iixed for liitiriziag govern* fupport of the orderly proceedings of 

ments; he thought fuch difcuifions to- Mr. Burke. Mr. Sheridan, Mr. Crr/f 

taUyootof order, and wi(hed to hfcar Mr. St. Johuf and Lord Shrfieid, con* 

the buiinefs of the day* • tended that he was diforderly ; and 

Mr. Burke, with foroe warmth, ob- ■ Lord Sheffield concluded by moving, 

lerved, that the introdu£lion of the '*That diAcrtaiions on the French Con# 

French Conftitution upon the dilculfion i)itution, and a narrative of the tranfac* 

of the (^cbec bill was at lead as ]>ro« tions in France, are not pertinent to the 

?er as the iutrodu^ion of iiis (Mr. queft ion before the Houie." 

bx*s) declaration, during the confide- Mr, Fox feconded the motion. 

ration of the Ruliian treaty, of ihe Tht Chancellor of the Exchequer cnxx* 

f rencb Conftitution being a beautiful fidered the inrrodu61ion and difcuflfion 

and ftupendous fabrick. The Right of the French Conftitution to reft on 

Hon. Gent, was procecdmg, when difcretion and orders and fbould give 

Mr. Taylor rofe to order, and inlifted his negative to the motion. 

that the Ri^ht Hon. Gcntlcmiin was Mi» F(.r r^I'li'^d, and^ in the courfe 

a of 



638 Par^miHfaryPrMeSngs of Lords and Cmmnifhr 179 !• [ JnlyJ 

of his rpeecfay lamented the prefentMif- H. O F L O & D 8* 

ference wirh his Ri|>bt Hon. Friend the May^. 

more deeply, becawTe to him was owing Lords Hirtford and Darnlty todt th^* 

the moft of what he knew, and from oaths and their feats, 

liim he learnt the principles of a freft Eart Ft'fzioiiiiam called their Lord« 

government. He was a(Voni(hed at liis Clips' attention to the fubje€^ of oui^ 

prefent condud, when he remembered armament againfi Ruffia. He entered 

the len^h of their friend Aip, when he into the value of our trade with RoHias 

recollcSed the length of time in which and, from calculations, demonftrated 

tktj had a^ed together on the fame the impolicy of our entering into an^ 

principles. He recolle£(ed when they difpute with that power; and, with « 

both rejoiced in every victory of a view of conveying the fcofe he enter- 

Wafhington, and when they wept at tain'fed of it, moved, *< That an homble 

tSie defeat of a Montgomery: he re* addrefs be prcfented to bis Maje(>7^ 

membered tfa^t bis Right Hon. Friend praying, that he may be gracioufly 

had tau^t him that a general revolt pleafed to take into his moft ferious 

conid not be countenanced, that it could conBderaiion the material injury which 

only be provoked. After a few more the tfade and manufadores of this 

obfervations upon the conduft of Mr. country mud fuftain in cpnfequenee of 

Burke, he concluded for the motion. our difpute with Ruffia; and to befeech 

Mr. Burke again aflerted the Confti- his MajclW not to hazard the confer 

totion to be in danger, and called for quences of a war with that power, off 

timely checks. When clubs of men are account of the poflfciTion of tlU fortrefil 

iuffered to meet and correfpond with of Oczakow, and the uneulcivated track 

the National AITembly; when regular of ground adjoining thereto." ' 

anniverfarits ^re permitted to corome* A long debate then enfued, in wbieh 

norate fuch events as have happened in Lord Rawd^n^ Lord StirmoM, and thtf 

France; then the country is in danger : Marquis of LmffffowMf fpoke in favour 

whin fuch plots and confpiracies are of the motion ; and Lords GnnvHU^ 

eoing on; when feditious and re^eU Muigrave, 9i\d Haivh/htny, againtl it; 

lious fermons are delivered from puU when the Houfe divided, Contents %^p 

pits; when the King's right tO the Non-Cbntents 96. 

throne is openly difputed ; and when a _— — 

bank of fedition is eftabliihed io the In the Commons, the fame ^y, Mr* 

heart of the country ; the Houfe ought T^rke, in a fhort fpeech, moved for leav* 

to take fire and defiroy them. He then to bring in a bill to enable the Lord 

concluded by moving an amendment to Chancellor, the Mafter of the Rolls, and 

the motion, to omit the words after the twelve Judges, to receive and for- 

•* diflfcrtaiion,** for the purpofe of in- ward letters po^age free, 

ferting ** tending to ihew that examples The Cbmnalior of tbi Exehtfmr fe« 

from the faid Conftitution of France, to conded the motion, 

prove it inefficient for every good pur- Mr. Af. A. Tajflor and Mr. /•* fpokd 

pofe, and tending to anarchy, confu* again ft the motion ; and the Hoale 4i<* 

non, and the deftru6tion of liberty and tided, Ayes 3ft, Noes 58. 

property,- is applicable to the queftion _— — «-. 

before the Committee." H. op LoitDI. 

Mr. Fox rofe extremely aflfe^ed ; he Mdy to. 

ihed many tears, and with difficulty In a Committee of Privileg«s, hefrd 

proceeded to declare, that, notwith- counfei on the Sootch Peerage Etc^lion. 

(landing what had pafled that clay, he — "— * 

could Ddt give up a friendlhip that had In the Commons, the fame day, Sii^ 

cxilled for 25 years. He replied to Giibirt JSUiott ntovtd, that the petition 

mai^ parts of Mr. Burke's fpeech; and of the General Aflfcmbly of the Church 

concluded by declaringythatyunlefs their of Scotland bcread; which being done, 

mutual friends exerted themfelves to re- Sir Gilbert dated the grounds upon 

ilore to him and the Right Hon. Gent, which it had originated, and moved, 

their former friendfliip, he Ihould not That the Houfe do refolve itfelf into a 

think they a6led affeftionatcly to him. Committee, to take into confideration 

Thequedion of order was withdrawn, fuch part of the A6t of Union as relates 

and the debate on the cUufes adjourned to the Ecctefiaftical £(labliflinient of 

to Wedncfday ncxr. Scotland. 

Mr. 



« 

1 79T • ] ParUanuntary Pr^caHnp of Lords and Commons for 1 79 1 # 639 

Mr. PulUnty feconded tbe motion. Mr. Burke feconded the motioo. 

The Ltd Ad'vpcmte of Sc^Uad op- The Attorney General concurred witH 

.pofed tlie motion, as being inexpedient, the motion/ as the likcliell mude of get- 

»nd not being the af^ of the people* but ting at that mafs of evidence which was 

only of the clergy, of Scotland. He ap- ab/bluteiy necefTary to enable gentlemeti 

pf-eheoded the motion infringed on the to fortn a proper and adequate idea of 

ipiric of the Articles of the Union. the Aibjea. The learned Gentlemaa 

The Mif/ler §/ tbe RM, Mr. Dimdas, lamented the fituation of the debtor, 

and the Chancellor ef the Exchequer^ and the unfortunate creditor, who might 

ipoke in oppofition to the motion ; Mr. be fwtndled out of hi^ property, and 

Amjhrutber^ Sir A, Fergufen^ and Mr. kepi at arm's length by the fwiodier; 

f§Xn in favour of \k\ and, upon a divi- who, at the fame time, rioted in gaol oa 

iiouy the ;sumbers were, Ayei 63, his property. To relieve the one and 

^oes 149. the other, and to puniib the knave, 

" ■ wai, he believed, the obje£l of the pre- 

H. OF LO&DI. fent motion ; and, under that opinioo, 

Meey II. he ihouid give it his afTidance, but \\z% 

The final bearing of the Scotch caufe, Aill afraid that it mud be ia work of 

in whichJSir JohnHenderfon, bart. was time, and that, if it coul^ be brought 

appellant, and Robert Bruce Hender- to a degree of maturity, tn an advance^ 

foo, Efq. refpondenr. It refpefls the period oi the next i«:IIion, it was at 

feudal poiTetCons of the barony of Earlf- much as could rcafonaUlv be expef^ed. 
hill, in the county of Fife, and confc* Mr. B^urki iupporred the motion, oa 

.quentlv gives a title ^o vote for the the giound of humdoitv, national ho« 

Scots Peerage. AfHrmed the judgment nour, indufiry, aod found policy, 
jpf the Court «f Seliion. The motion paflfed unanimoufly. 

——i n , — Mr. Vo'wyi brought up the report of 

lo the Commons, thck fame day, the the Felons biil. 
order of the day, for going into a Copi- Mr. MaiMtuaring objected to it ; and 

jnittee on rhe Quebec biil, being read, moved, tbac it (hould be taken into 

Mr. flobart took the chair. Upon the confideration on that day three monthly 

claufe being read for dividing the pro- which was put and carried* 
fince into Upper and Lower C-iuada, a ■■ ■ ■■ 

cooverfation took place, in which Mr. H. o F L o a d s. 

Hmgey, Mr. Pp^wye, Mr. Fox, Lord May 15. 

Sbefield, Mr. Sheridan, Alderman /f'fl/- The royal alfent was given, by com* 

/6a, and Mr. Franaj, took a part againft miHion, to leverai bills, 
the divifion, as injurious particularly to Lord BortcbeJIer moved, ''That mm, 

the Britifli fetilers, who would be har- humji>le addrefs be prefenced to hi&Ma» 

rafled, in confequence tbereof,jn Lower jelly, that he would be graciouHy plea(^ 

Canada, by an eflahlifhment of the Ca* ed to order an account 10 be laid before 

nada commercial law. that Houfe, of the iiate of the war ia 

The Chancellor (^ the Exchequer con» India," 
tended, that the divifjon wa** a funUa- Loid CarUJle feconded the motion^ 

mental principle of the bill, and calcu- fup|)oried by Lords StormonteiXi^ Lough" 

Jated for the happinefs and prolperity of borough ; and it was (ircnuoufly oppolcd 

jlhe people. by the LordCbemeellor, the Duke of Man* 

Several other cl^ufcs were debated; ircfe, X^ords hAulgrave and Gren^iiiep 

after which, the chairman was dire£lcd and negatived without adivifion. 

^o report prog refs, and.aik leave to fit Locd/'tfr/^A^/rthen moved foracopf 

again : after which, the Houfe adjourned* of the minute of the'Council of Bengal, 

> — ^ — » intimathig the intention of Earl Corn* 

H. OF L O a «• waltis to proceed to take upon him the 

May ia». condu6i of the war; and of the minute 

In a Committee of Privileges, heard of the Council of Mr. Speeke and Mr, 

^ounfcl further in the cafe of Lord Cooper, members of the Council, ligiii* 

jQchiitrec. fying their confent to the meafure. Or* 

I . dered. 



In the Commons, the &me day, Mr. '.^ 

Grej moved for a Committee to enquire In the Commons, the fiime da^, the 

into the prefent pradlice and tS^tk of order of the day was moved to be read, 

imprifonment for debt, . for the tioufe going iaio a Commjttee 

I Oft 



$40 ParSaminfary Proeeedlfigs &f Lords and Cemmonsfor 1 79 1 . QaljW 

«n the biM for granting a teward, in precedents relative to the trial of War* 

cerratn cafes, on the conTidkion of ren Hafttngs, Efq. ; 

felons. Lord Portcbefler rofe, for the purpofe 

The Speaker wiflied to inform the of making a motion, which might bring 

Houfe, that the intent of the bill was, the queftion fully and fairly before the 

to amend an aA of the 6ch of Queen Houfe ; and would there^re, without 

Anne, which granted, in certain cafes, further preface, move, << That a mef* 

a reward of 40!. on 'Convi6^ion of fe- fage be tent to'the Commons, to inform 

lony. The Lords, however, by the ihcm, that the Lords were rc^dy to pro* 

prefent bill, had taken upon themfelves ceed in the trial of Warren Haftings, 

€0 far the difpofal of the public money £^*' 

Its to lo^er, according to circumftances. The Lord CbaneeUor was againft this 

the rewards offered by that a£^. mode of proceedings he was of opinion. 

The fAafier of the Roils moved, That that the grave and proper mode would 

the Houfe refolve itfelf into a Commit- be to refer the report to the confidera- 

tee on the faid bill this day three tion of a Committee of the whole Houfe, 

months. The motion was agreed to, Lotd Hauok/bury^ wiihing the bpfi- 

mnd the bill, confequehtly, loft. nefs to 'be referred to the Committee^ 

The Majier of the Rolls then moved moved the previous queftion. 

for leave to bring in a iimilar bill, as he Lord Radnor moved, '< that the 

thought the intention of the Judges ex- Judges be fummoned to give their opi- 

tremely wife, in wiihing for the difcre- nion upon the queftion of recognizances 

lion of granting the rewards in fuch being ih force/' 

Cafes as to them might feem proper. Lord Mufgrave was for the continu- 

Several gentlemen fpoke in favour of ance of the impeachment, as were 

the bill, and leave was accordingly hordiGretrviiletStormoMtfLouf^hborotigbp 

given to bring it in. Guiidford, and the Biftiop of Salijbury, 

The Houle then went into a Com* The Lord Chancellor^ Lord Kemfon^ 

mittee of Ways and Means ; in which Marquis of LanfJonJone, and Lord King, 

the CbaneeUor of the Exehequer propofcd were for going into a Committee ; they 

the following alterations m the duties contended that impeachments did abate 

on bills of exchange .—Bills amounting by a diffolution. 

to 2I. and up to five guineas, to pay the A very long debate was maintained 

old duty of three pence; from ftve gui- by the above Noble Lords until three 

seas up to gol. Ba pence. Bills not o'clock in the morning, turning princi* 

jpayable on demand, whether above or pally upon the report of precedent, 

below five guineas, fix pencei from 50I. The queftion being called for, their 

to lool. one (hilling} from lool. to Lordihips divided, ftrft upon Lord Rad* 

aooi. one fliilling and fix pence; and nor's motion, which was negatived by^ 

aool. and upwards, two (hillings. He Contents ao. Non-contents 70. 

then propofcd, that the re-ift*uing of The ptevious queftion, moved by 

prom lifory- notes (hould be legal, pay- Lord Hawkcfbury, was then put upon 

ing fix pence duty for a ftve-guinea the original motion, and negatived by a 

, note, and {o in proponion. His next divifion of. Contents x8. Non-con* 

propofuion was an alteration in the re- tettts 66. 

ceipt-tax, vix. two pence upon all re- Lord Por(cteJler*j motion, << that the 

Teipts from 40s. to 20I. ; four pence mclTage be fent to the Commons," &c. 

from 20'. to 50I. ; and fix pence from was then carried without a diviHon ; 

50I. and upwards. He concluded by and it was ordered, that the trial of 

moving, *• That Jill the duties on bills WarrenBaftings,efq. be proceeded with 

of exchange, p»oniifl'ory-BottS| and re- in Weftininlter-hali on Monday next, 

ceip(&, (hould iio longer be paid, or — — ■ 

payable." In the Commons, the fame day, the 

The lefolutions were put, and agreed expiring laws and the pawnbrokers bills 

to, and the report ordered to be receiv- were read the third time, and palTed. 

ed on Monday. Mr. Aid. Watfon brought up a pro* 

' ' ■ ■ pofal from the Governor and Dire&ort 

u. o F L o R D s« of the Bank, of the loan of 5CO,oooU 

May 16. for the ufe of the publtck, on luch con- 

The order of .hu day being read, to ditions as would enable them to pay di« 

take into confideratmn the repori from videndsi which was accepted, 

the Coxnmitue a^^pointed to fearcli into (7o be continued^) 

a t6. A 



t79tO lU^iiW •/ NiW PtiUeathnfi 641 

t6. ATretttfimAt^^ cntm'ming new Bxffirl*- the nathor of that Review, has fitclft 
mtmt* and nongbii M Omhmflkii\ hHftf tf, reaibn to complain of the tricks of au-> 
/•// I^tfUfati^n •fMr. Lavotfier's Syftim t thorOiip, in which, duringa literary war- 
on^ ^n^ing, kyfme frtkmjr EMptrimmtt, ifi ^^^ of more than id years, he hath been 
n'Ma*9mP»im(ipUx: witbStnaurituMinht hj^felf fo deeply enga|ed. Perhapt 
tym'tcul Of>miMs of fomt tmimtnt Mm. By ^j^^ learned Doaor is not fenfible of the 
Richara Bcwley, A/. D. j^i^,^ ^f authorfliip, in %%hich he hatti 

THE pltafure which we felt upon been himfelf indulgtftg in the tery in- 
the fint opening of this work, and jinnee to which we ai^udc, viz. ''the 
B confequenc pcrufal of the very ani- « cogent reafonv for declining to mak« 
mated and wcll-wrttieo declicaiion to •« , regular analyfis of Dr. Bewley'a 
the Royal Society, in which the author <« ffnatife #» Air,** To us, however, 
Ap(>ear» to lit down with a determined ^^^ j„ Q^f readers, it may be matter of 
refo^ution to fupport the thcori'es and y^^y curiou» enquiry to difcover what 
opmlons of Dr. Harrington on the fob- x\itft cogent reaCons may be. We are 
Itdi of the atmofpherc, and the vaiiouft perfuadcd, that, had a regular analyfis 
do^iines which arc fo intimately coo* J,^^„ given, feveral quotations mufi 
Defied therewith, the importance of ^^ve appeared, which would have dif* 
^hich hath long bein confpicuous to covered that the true and very C9gint 
SIS, was not a little allayed, upon our reafoninrt widely different from tbofe 
further progrefs, by the harA and far- which arc held forth in Tbt Analj/tical 
caftic reflexions wV-ich he fo frequently td^vii'W, The work appears fo be ex* 
cafts upon federal nanries of the greateft prrflly written with a view to (hew that, 
eminence in the chemical world. What- during the lad twenty years, (biUarned 
ever caufc Dr. Harrington himfelf may J)offor, we mean the author of that Re- 
hav^ for feeling fore and tender *m con- view, has been maintaining chemicil 
Sequence of the appargni negle£^ which i)ptAians on the moft important fub}e£ts, 
he hath experienced, or the piracies which, however much they may have 
which his philofophical volumes hare \^cti celebratedi are diametrically eppo- 
fuflained, we cannot conceive wh J Dr. f^^ to truth i one of which» and per-* 
Bewley, who is very little, if at all, haps by no means thelea ft important, if » 
khown in the literary world, and who, f^^t tbe aifiena of animal li/i depends 
from hia ardent and defultory manner, * ftpon tbi discharge of pbtogifltn from 
vre ihouid apprehend to be a very young ffjg ii^ngs dunng rtfpiration. Had a re- 
vrriter, fliould, upon his 6cft ditiii, ru/h gular analysis of this work been givett, 
at once into a neft of chemical hornets, ^ muft, on the contrary, have appeared^ 
who, no doubt, will defend tlie trafli of |^ac, during more than'half of the above 
their opinions with as nruch ical and period. Dr. Harrington hath been dc- 
animofity as if they were poflcflld of monftrattpc, in various publications, 
tbe rich and genuine hooey of fcienee. ibat tbe exijiente of animal lijt depends 
We cannot help, indeed, upon this oc- „pom tbe reception of pblogifom from 
cafion, exclaiming, " Mild and gentle tbe atmofpbert, 

** fpiritof the benevolent Bewley, whi- Here, therefore, two opinions have 
*' ther art thou fled?*' been promulgated, on the truth or faU 

But it hath been foggefted to us, by Ucy of either of which an immenlc va* 
B youflger brother, though, we bcliete, j-iety of chemical and philofophical dc- 
a much older and more flagitious of- duftlons depends. 
. fender in the craft and myflery of re- Neither fliall it, however, be our bu- 
viewiog *, that probably no fuch perfbn fineft, at prefent, to enter into a regular 
at Dr. Bewley exifts. To this we cran toalyfis of Dr. Bewley's trcatiff ; bur, 
fay nothing \ but, from the fpirit of the for the entertainment of our readers, 
work before us, wc cannot doubt but he wc will felc^ a few quotations^ which* 
will fooa be knov^n }-»indeed, from ati- we apprehend, will point out fome o^ 
«yther quarter we have heard that he is the many cogent reasons which mivy In* 
at prefent very bufily occupied in com- duce Dr. Pricflley (we b*g his pardon, 
poflog a Chemical DUNCIAD. Bur, we ntean the authur of the chemical 
whatever may be his prefent puifuitv, cnticifm to which we allude,) to wi(b, 
or wherever he may at prefent rcflde, that by the infl'uence of a mean, con* 
we think the Uarmed DoBor, we mean temptible, and mercriicious general cco^ 

— — — _— — — ^— *— ixitt^ the publick may be prevented 

tSeevf'<#^«/«'«wwforMayti79«»P-S4- from fairly and openly canfaHing the 
GawT. Mao. Jnfyt t79<. thMiict 



theories of fir. Harrington, u^hich he « ezhaufls &I1 tbuigSf trndi excepted^ 

iio«y kn9*ws bimftlf unequal to the talk " Orengthens thofe doArines which are 

of refuting. " founded upon jnft principles." 

Dr. Bewley, like the atthdr whoAi This we conceive to be one of the 

fyftem he fupponSi fets out upon^ the many roffirf r/4i/(7fff which may have m- 

incontiotertible principle, that *' fire, doced the learned Do^l'or^ wc mean rhe 

''when concentrated and fixed, forma ' author nfthe chemical criticifm to which 

'' phlogifton." In hit progreft he we allude, to decline entering into a re* 

ihewt the fallacy of every aeria( opinion goUr analyfi^ of Dr. B*» poblrcation. 

bitherio promufgated by the celebrated Dr. Bewley (p. 84) takes notice, at 

l^ilofnphers, Crawford, Lavoifier, Kir- we have done before, that Dr. Hanrmg- 

wan, Priefiley, Cavendilh, and others, ton hath, in the mo(l public, open, and 

He maintains, ai ive have long fince candid manner, called upon Mr. Ca- 

done before him, that Dr. Harrington Tcndifli, either to acknowledge the truth 

hath difcovered the true formation of of his theory, or to defend his own f and 

the attnofphere, vis. that it confifts of we think, with him, that it certainly be- 

/r/, fixed air (9r the mirial mepbitic comes that gentleman to doit publicly. 

acid)^ amd n»atir. He publicly throws This too may perhaps be one of the 

down the gauntlet, and challenges any many ctgetit rtmfini\ but we flatter our* 

one of thoie gentlemen to controvert the (elves that tt will operate in a diflTerenc 

ttuth of this dof^rine. Like Dr. Har- manner upon the mind of that honour* 

ringtoo, through bis whale progrcfs, be able and truly refpcdable chara6lcr^ 

has the candour to appeal to their own who furely cannot ftill be ignorant of 

txperiments m proof and (upport of his the rmporiant truths conurocd in the 

dedu£lions» He challenges them to writings of Dr. Han rngt on. 

come boldly forward, and not- meanly P. ii6. Dr. Bewley, with much hi»* 

to (kdlk behind the entrenchments of a mour and fuccefs, ridicules the theory 

Review. He knows the fydem to be of Mr. Lavoifier, in the following pa^ 

true, and appears determined never to fage :— <* Now, can Mr. Lavoifier, up» 

abandon the caufe of injured and neg* *< on the formation of pure air from fix* 

kded merit. . *' ed air, find the carbone, which oughc 

We were much entertained by the *^ to have been depofited tn the water, 

^cetious manner m which he explodes '* being fet free from its combination 

X)r. Crawford's fuppofition, that heat ^ with fixed air ? Nay, will it not give 

and phlogidon are two diftiad bodies \ '^ our reader a laughable furprize, when 

and in the fifth page we laughed very *' I tell him, that Mr, L. leriouily pro- 

bcartily with him at the ridiculous race *< poTes a manufactory to obtain charcoal 

vrhich Dr. Crawford introduced as 1 '* by the decompofition of hxedair^ Se« 

corollary to one of his experiments in << bis EUmiMltf p. zjo. But I will hint 

fupport of this futile hypotheiW. ** to him a better manufactory, and otae 

« Would but our aerial chemifis (be ^* more conformable to his hypochefn* 

'^obferves, p. 85) attend to rcafon, ''< He fays, that water confifts of hydro* 

^* every doubt about the truth of this '^ gen and oxygen gaffes; and thai thefie 

*' doCtrnie might be removed by the '< galfes, with the addition of carbome^ 

^ following fatt* The ele^rical ipark ** or charcoal, form alkohol, or fpirits. 

** will produce fixed air, when taken in *^ Now, as the river Sfimt phxluccs 

** atmofpherical air. .Now, need 1 in- '* plenty of water, and as charcoal is m 

** form chemifis, that in moft combuf- i' cheap commodity, the tranfmutatioK 

'* tions dephlogifticated ahr is turned to *^ of water into (pirits would be a ma- 

*< fixed air; that when the combuHion *' nufaflory that would turn to good 

** is mora iatenfe, it is turned to the ni* ^ account. This would lower the price 

<< trouf acid, as in the combuftion of ^* of French brant^y ia Old England t 

<* dephlosifiicated and inftammableairs; ** or, at fevers) of uur EngliQi cheniiftn 

** aay, Mr. Cavendifii fays, be a^ualiy ** are no lefs induftnous and ingenione 

** turned atmofpherical air into the ni- ** than Mr. Lavoifier, the Thamei 

** trous acid, aad not fixed air, in this *' might be turned iiHo good Britiib 

** fame experiment. Dr. Prieflley, I " fpirits, which would render sbat ani- 

<< thinktJieednot betotdthis, fince he *< cle ftill cheaper. But, alas 1 this, I 

«• has followed Dr. Harrington in prov* <* am afraid, will fliil be one of the 

«' ing it; though, from an illibcrai. po- *' chtmiczi defiJirata, And as this kind 

*< licy, he has omitted to mention that '* of chcmiHry will not tfk€t fo mutb 

<' gentleman's name : but time, which " good, an alara may be ^rcad on the 

••other 



Ij9'*l Review 0/ Ntw PtAUtatUnsm 643 

** other faaB^. For, according to them, ** that caufe, becomt the acefcent prin- 

*' water is formed of ioflammable and *<ciple? But fuch are their abfurdtcict.*' 

** oxygen gaflcs two bodies the moft This too may be enumerated amongft 

** combuftib!c In nature. If, thereforci itit eogtmt riaf§9S. And in p. 153 we 

** they ihould be able to fct the Thames apprehend that he hu given another 

** on file, London would again be ia reafon equally cogfnt. ** Can aerial 

** danger of being reduced to aflies." <' chemif^s, after this review, pafs by 

Whether or no the learned DoAor " Pr. Harrington's theory as not de* 

has any (eriouf thoughts of cartyi«g ** ftrving notice ? If they do, it is evi* 

thefe principles into etfe£t, is heft <' dent they arc not willing (however 

known to btmfclft but we certainly '* much convinced in their own minds) 

muft acknowledge ourfelves obliged to ** to acknowledge to the world that 

Dr. Bewlcy for thus accurately pointing ** they have been miflaken. But che* 

•ur the tendency of thofe principles ** mical philofophers, who will not at- 

which the learned Dodor appeals to <* tend to truth, when it is told thero^ 

have adopted ; and whenever the real *< do not dcCerve the name." 
ttiQcnct of Dr. Bewley can be afcer- b^, j^e limits of our Review will not 

tained io rht Jnmfytumi Rnftrw, we -^,^11 us to particularite a twentieth 
have no doubt but the Lcgiflaturc will ^j ^^^ , rtmfins, which thit 

Uke proper roeafures to draw him from publication affr>rds, whv the author of 

his prefcirt obfcunty. This too may be that criticifm which wc ha/e here no* 

a e^iMi reafim. 9r poffibly the learned ^^^^^ ^ay wifli to decline giving a re- 
Doaorm^ytakeitamifsihaiDr.Bew. ^^ analyfis of the work before us. 

ley ihoald hare afferttd, p. 1*5, that ^y^ fl,,i| therefore, at preient, brin^ 

« the true, folid pnnciples of chemiary forward one more only, referring to 

« have been kicked out of doors, to ourfelves the privilege of recurring to 

*« make room for the otnMi Jligbis of others, at occafioa may require, at (om« 

f* modern diemifts.** futMTt period. 

« Vr^^rf "^^"^ ^^^^^ ^ f^^^^ ■ '* i ihidl now take a view (fays Dr. Bew- 

« ( fays Dr. Bcxyley, p, 149 ) of this di- ^.^ ^ ^^oj^ ^^l^j^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^hich 

« trous dtphlo^ifticated air, even from Dr. Prieftley has favoitfcd the world iinn 

•* Mr. ?:ii wan's hiOory of it ? Indeed, ^^e publication of Dr. Haningtoo's Letter, 

••after reading Dr^ Harrington's ac- But tlie reader will allow me to make a pro- 

'* count, it was impoiCble for Mr. Kir- vious obfervat'ioo ; which is, that Dr. Prieft- 

•• wan, or any other chemilt, who was ley has been very careftU not to mention that 

•• in the lead acquainted with chemical gentleman as a feUow»hbourer. What rea- 

^ prindpics, to fuppofe it wa« depblo« fon (hall we aiTign for his filence? Tho 

«• gifticattd ; but that difpofition which queftion, 1 th*ink\ may be veryeafily anfwer- 

'• has been the rul ing mark of our ai'riiU «»• .J^* »« ^. oppofition of hypothete ; 

C ptiioMtirt IS, to make 'it a point not •~|»»f P"*- Hamnf^ 5 is the tnie one. Dr. 

« Jo ninlie Dr. Harrington. What does JT**^^ ' l!!!!^ ^L^'T^^ ^ xf^' 

"Mr.Kirwando? fie does not make ^^"J^T^^^Tl^VI^^^ 

,, , . J LI •/!• . J i^ » tnnes of nis antagonilt is, m my opuuon, 

- or call this air deph bgiflicaied, but ^ fair difc^mon is the beft way 
« rails It deacidtfiid. We have got a ^ ^„^^ who has truth on his fide. Let. 
M oumber of pew terms into chcminry ^^^^ the two hypothefes be candidly can^ 
«• from their extraordinary ideas of it. vafled by thofe of an impartial pubiick, who 
*' But 1 fuppofe be means by this, the are able to judge. Will it beCaid, in exte* 
** air is more neutralifed. Ceuld he not DuatM]n,;hat Dr. Harringt^*s theory ddefves 
^' liave UiAf agreeably to Dr. Harring* i» anfwer ? Was any m^, who in the Uaft 
** ton, more phlogiHicated? But, even pretends to the name of a chemift, to make 
•*to uke his own term, dcacidified, foch an alfertion, I ftinuld not fcruple amf - 
•• what bodies were there to dcacidify den^ly to alfcit, that he knows nothing of 
••it but the fuiphur and alkaline air? chemjAry. «. .w -r rw 
" And as, according to their by pothefis. „^^^ « '^.^^S^jt'^r^^jfjrJ^' 

•• air that will admft of the lifi of com. ^^"Sli.^fea'SLT^Sijm^ How^ 

.- . rt- e II • J i-1 A » J J— may receive ttie laaM treatment. However 

- buHion (call it dephioyftitated, dea-. ^ ^ ^ ^^^^ ^ „^^ 

•• cidined, or what they will) it is, they ch„ni(b <fome of whom deferve the bigbeft 

« fay, the acefcent principle or princi- j^^^ ^^ „^j,ole works will he elteemed at 

*^ pic* of acidity. Then, rouft not it x^^g ^ true fcieoce lafts,).[Kit to (brink from 

•• appear to form a chafm in reifoning the prefent inveftigation, but to come boldly 

^ lu (^jppofe that an air, which his got to it. If they do not, their labours, tnile^d 

** its 4«id Ciiktn from it« ihould, frObi of promoting fcicnce, wiU rather retard -it. 



I 

644 lUvhw •/ Niw PuUiMimsm [ J^'T* 

For, when a perfoo, prefuming upon the re- it is taken op Into the hiftar rieions of xtMm 

patation he basoSt^tined in the world, endea* atmofphere, where the fixed air and watar 

vourSyhy an uncandid behaviour, to draw the are again faturated with fixed fire; b^ 

cunain ovr r truth, this condu^ will, in the which, becoming more fpecifically heavy, 'VC, 

end, connterhalance all his laboars. I throw defcends again ; that phlo^idon is fixed .firo 

down the puntler, as Dr. Harrington has chemically attrafted, and that it is capaM« 

done ; and if none cakes it up, it muft be for of being fct loofe again by' v^io.is proceilec 

fear of being ftiilcd : or, to drop the meta- in nnture. 

phor, I opt nly avow my chemical priiKiples, « Now, 1 fcruple not to declare, that aU 
and cluillenge a fair lUCcuiSon of them. But, the priiK*pal and leading difcovericf refpeA- 
Ihould Dr. Harrington's theory, and thefe ing atmoipbcrical air, its formation and 
my well- meant attempts in favour of it, eon- compoTition, with the manner in which ic 
tinue ftill to be palfed over with a con- fupports animal and vegetable lifiB, and tho 
temptuousfiletiit*; and fliould time, which lire of tomhuAion 1 I iay» that all thele are 
does juftice to p^ ilofophers and their princi- fully (hewn by Dr. H. The only thing that 
pies, (hew ours to be right { in this cafe, to appeared to me rather obfcure w|tf^ the life 
avoid difcuifion, which leads to truth, is of combudion; but this 1 hope I have, con-» 
worthy of blame, and pofterity will, in this formahle to Dr. Harrington's principles, fully 
inftanoe, undoubtedly condemn their con- demondrattd in this treatife. 1 (hould he 
du£t 1 migbt mark fuch bdiaviour with forry to endeavour, like fume chemifls, ta 
its proper (ligma. This, however, I will take away any part of his merit. However, 
not do, but leave the reader to nuke his own 1 venture to predict, that tiie time is CiCt ad- 
reflexions, vancing, when every thing relating to thi^ 
*« This age is, with great propriety, called c lemilby will be properly nnderAood, au«l 
gnVigbteiied : it is the age of fcience ; and the fetcleJ upon a right foundation. Dr. Har* 
many difcoveries made in it havp been Inp- rington has, in his Letter (printed in 1788)9 
pily applied to the purpofes of human life, very fully detected the errors oi bis oppo-» 
Kay more, it is the age of truth ; and philofo- neuts, concluding it with this pointed hin* 
phers, both ^latural and moral, profefs to guage, but as yet he has receiveil no anfwer s 
have only truth in view in all their invcili- '< I hope I have made it ap|)ear in this LeC« 
gations. Hence to me it is matter of An prize " ter, and in the reft of my writings, that 
that no old chemift has, before me, |>aid a " the piefsnt hypothefes of |)l)ilorophers act 
proper attention to Dr, Harrington's princi* " count for none of the phxnomeaa we have 
pies ; for if a theory, which accounts for, and '* confidered, and that mine give an expla- 
proves by folid reafoning, all the chemical ^ nation of them all, both confiftent and fa- 
pliaenomena in op|Hifi!ion to |>rincipl6S con- ** tisfaflory. Therefore, gentlemen, 1 thoa 
trary to Nature and Reafon, and which ac- ^ publicly call upon you, either to vindicate 
count for none of the phwiomena, fhouUI be ^ your opinions, or to renounce them. Sci* 
attended to and adopf'd, ttiat gentleman's is *< ence and the publick claim it of you." 
the one: and if any chemift is not difpofed But we have already exceeded our 
toadoptit,lethim,atleaft,irratitwiihth8 ^f^^\ bounds 1 we muft therefore, un- 
eandour it defcryes. Dr. Pi leftley 1$ anxious .vilUngly, defer an invcfligation of the 

^''t^j:'^iJ'u^T^''r^^w'' he ccafes ^^^^^Jher eoge^ re^f.J t\\\ another 

to breathe. When this is told him, he will ^„ '.,,„:,„ A-^ l ^., ,y\ •»»' 

ecrt, 1 hope, think it below him to accept of ^PP°""°«y- f^* ^# coMUnuei^.) * ♦ ♦ 

informaticm. ( 't on mr i «* * - . 

« Dr. Harrington clearly proved, .is long 87. r^em, Nmrn^fy^ The Enghfh Orator; am 
ago as the year 1 780, that an acid a'ul water -^^rejt to Thomas Pennant, Ejf. ; sn Odt 
are neutralifcd witli fire, and ais. lalifcd into •; '^ Smfeept^tilhy ofibt F^fiieti CiKirufhr i 
atmof|>heric air; that in lefpiration this TWcury A'«««#i 5 *«£^^/# ««(>%* Fr/fn^l 
fixed fire is aitraftcd by the blood fr.)m the ^!"^ '^' ^* truniftmd. Wub N^4ct on tbi 
acid and water ; tliat the acid is kft in the iingUfh Orat:.n By Mr, Pulwhele. 4/0. 
ilate of fixetl air» and a great quantity of (he TO thoie who love the daughters of 

water is condeofed in the procefsi that, in Mneinuryn^,and are pleafed to fee their 

p\itrefaaion, the air undergoes a fimilar de- iofpiratiun applied to its befl and gt^ 

corapofuion, and the fixed fire isattmaed nuine purpofe, that of inflniaing and 

by the putrid body, fo as to become puuid, or delighting, whilft it tends to in vioorate 

alkakfcent5that, m combuftion, the f^xed and call ^rth the finer fufceptibilifies of 

fi« (as we have proved) ufettoofe. Tl^^^^ the heart, this elegant volume will be 
dtfawenes were only a prelude to thofe of arr*.«f=.M- r^.JL^^ a w 1* T 

tlH. firft principlef of animal and vegetable Si^a/^^^^ ^ I ^' 5 *'l"!.'*'u *• 

Iifp,-tlK phsdUienon of animal heat, with ^^*«'^ P^«"' ^^ have akeady had the 

other fecoidary phenomena. He puhliflied, P/"^"f« »« recommend ** The Englifh 
in 1785, a full hiftory of the different airs, Orator, aud are pleafed to ice our 

clearly fhewing the formation of each. Tliat opinion of ib ratified t>y the bcft judges, 

the air is again renewed after bebg ii^'iuied, Of the fmaller pieces in this eolle£lioa 

he i«rovcs fitrni ita levity; owing to which, wc ftial!, .at Icafi for tht prcfent, only 

1 I eblctvc, 



I 



«« 



179 1*] Rsnim •f N$m PuhUuikm* 645 

oblcnre, that we have read tbem with to read thut. Speakiflgof RaffadU *^ 

cooHderable pleafure, and (which we the author fayi , 

tfeeip no mean praife) think them in « 1 feem to fee his magic hand 

CYcry refpefb worthy of their ingenious JfieU tht w9»d*roMs ^ciUtoainl ;^ 

author. His nores on the principal poeqn which certainly prefentsus with aftrang^ 

evince much fclc£^ and.various reading, iombtnaiiom. A little farther we meet 

vitb great corre£laert of iudgcment, with a fingular inaccuracy : 

and refinement of u He. Our reatlers^ " While Athens, rapt in wonder, heart ' 

we prcfume, will not be difpicafcd xm Truth's energetic voice proclaim 

fee his fentiments refpeAing the com* U*r trnkmronGo^s tremmdmmami." 

paratiTe oratorical merits of the follow* The unknown God to %vhom thd 

iag coafpicuout members of the lower Atheniansere6ledan alrarhad no name* 

boufe of parliament : •• Mr. Burke has ** Alefto's irtn bmir^** in another part, 

" a rich fancy, and is fometimes great : is alfo an expredion which a little mili- 

but, up«n the whole, he is not to be tatcs with our cUiOcal prejudices with* 

compared to Mr. Pitt, or Mr. Fox, rcfpcfl to her furious ladyjbip, Thefc, 

for fluency of I<inguage, force of ar- however, are (light blcmi(ht-s in a per* 

** gument, and effe^of fpeaking. And formance which contains many beau* 

^ of tbcfe, Mr. Pitt has much the ad« ties, and which will amply rtward the 

" vantage, iir an incomparably full, trader's curiofity. The Ode to the 

" mellow, and manly voice— in aA ealy *' Naiad of Glympton Brouk" pofTcffes 

'* command of words, and priMjicuoua ir^uch chaAe and fimple excellence^ 

'' artangement of his arguments. Mr. which none but a mind highly cu'tivat- 

** Fox, when he fpeaks with vehemence cd could have produced. In his Latin 

" (as he generally does), bath a harfh, compofitions %ve think our author hat 

" broken roice, and it left clear in his been left fuccefsful ; but the Monodv* 

'* arrangement; but he has exceedingly ^n the Death of an Academical Cat dii- 

'* ftrong argument, and the art of placing covers throughout a vein of the richelt 

" it in the moft ftriking points of view, humour, and juHiftes our again repeat* 

*' Mr. Sheridan is at leaft next in rank, ingi that in this fpecies of writing the 

" as an orator. His forte it poignant prefent publication is eminently happy. 

*' wit, at well at firong argument." We ihaJl give the follovving fpecimen : 

*< Nay, two-legged cats, as well as cats with 

tS. SalniagODdii tf J\|f/rc/]««MCM Cb«Afaa/iMr Sliall Dick's irreparable lof^ deplore i [four, 

tf Origimal Pttty, 4/«. Cat:»who frail nymplis in gay airembliesguarf^ 

WHAT the Olim Podritim was in As biKkram (li^, and bearded hke the pard { 

fro(e it here prei^nted to ut in verfe Calumnious cats, who circulate /*r* /j«i, 

(and indeed their appelUtiont are fy n- And reput;itio,if maul with murd rous claws 5 

onymout), a Mifcellany of Amatory. ' Shnll cats whom fierce don»ellic brawls de- 

Etegiac, Lvrical, and Epigram m at. cal -^^^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

Poema. We have fome little objea ion iia,^h cats, of puritanic afpea f^J. [mad, 

to the word Amaiory, which looks like ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ho talk ilieir hulbands 

affcaaijon j and why, whtn we have a Confounded cats, who cough, and croak, and 

very good word of oar own at home, Q-y, 

ftould we go abroad for a new one? And maudlin cats, who drink eternally ; 

Thcfe compofitiont ceruinly difplay a Prim cat«, of countenance and mien precife, 

great deal of tafte, very mellifluous vcr* Yet oltncr hankering fur men Chan roice ; . 

tiflcatioo, and a certain portion of ge» Curft cats, whom nought but cadigation 

aiut i bur we have no fcruple in aflcrt* checks, 

iag that the author't decided ulent it Penurious cau, who buy their coals by pecks j 

bmmour, which, in the publication be- Faftidious cats, who pine for aiftly cates, 

fore us, often appears wuh the hippiefk ^nd jealous cats, who catcch.ie their mate^ 1 

advantage. We were forry, ho/ever, ^^"'^^^eftien'^f ^^ '^ 

more than once to have difcovered in A«-i«-21I*^Jl"LA«-..!.,r*«,%.n^,»i. 

. e A r e II* And ne er give aniwer categorical; 

them a fond ncfs for alliieration j con- Uncleanly cats, who never parei1.eir naUs, 

cerning «vhicb, the beft criticks feem no Cjrt gollips, fond of Canterbury talcs ; 

longer divided, but agree in rejeaing Catgrandams, vexed wUh afthmas and ca- 

them altogether, at puerile conceict. In tarrht, 

the " lllulioQt of Fancy'* we wercforry And fuperftitious cats, who curfe their ftnrsi 

a Astkis illuftrious n^mu tus long been naturalized amongft usj why not write It Raphael, 

lor which tberv it aMChority in all our EngUib Claflicks? 

Cats* 



i 



Catt, wfift their lar^BTi barter for thrihe, that iheyare doiiigfigml f«nriee to the caofc 

And canting cats, the word of all the tribe ; of truth and g^Kjd morals, by cnilcaminng to 

And Wed virgin-cats, ami tabbies o!d» clear the Chriftian fyftcm kom aU forcigi| 

Who at quadrille remorfclcfs rooufc for gold, incumbrances, and by rcprcfentmg the doc- 

Cau of each «la(s, craft, calling, and dcgi^ee, trincs of Revelatioo m their pnmiuve ficiy- 

Moura Dick's calamitous caraftrophe/' pliciiy. Truth muft ultimately be fcmceablft 

The folldwiog alfo, in our opinion, '°.T?^f,^,„«ital principles of this fodetf 

«xb»bits BO mean example of what is ^^^ ^^^ ^,^^ .^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

weiy to be found, — crpigrammatical pornwr, Supporter, and Govwtw of the oni- 

foint and wit : verfc, the ohly pr»>pcr objed of religious 

u^ ^ Csft •f 0$mfiknc$t fuhmitfd /« « Ute Dig" wodhtp; and that there is one mediator bo? 

mkmy •fth* Chmrtbt •• bit Narcctit £x/«/- twoen God and men, the man Clirift Jefus, 

tMif •f Watch and pray, leil ye enter into who was commifTioned by God to inftruft 

TemptatiotK men in tlieir duty, aud to reveal the dodliiiw 

** By our paftor perplext, ^ a future life. 

How Ihall we t'ctcrmine? <• The beneficial influence of thefe troths 

Watch and pray, f^ys the ttiet % apoa the moral condu(5t of men will be \ti 

Gotofleep, faystbejlrrwM.'* proportion to the confidence with whicl| 

For this entertaining work the worI4 ^'^^y a«^ recei^-od into tlic mind, and tHe at- 

is faid to be indebted, primiipalb. to l tcnijon with which they are regarded. Con- 

Mr. Huddcsfofd, a gentleman of Ox- ftquently, atl famgn opmons which men 

ford, though, at the cooclufioti of the JfJV"''^^''^ '^ x^l!T^.S^!^ji 

^1 •# ^ ' ^» ^;a,i,-« .««..- Chnftia# do^me, and which tend to divert 

volume. If we are not miftakcn, wc re- ^^^.^ ^^ ^^ ^,^^ fuodameotal prio- 

jogniie one or two things that have ^ ^^^.^^ ^ ^ .^ ^^^ ^ ^j^ ^^ 

been otherwi/e >fnputed. The frontif- ^^ ^j,gj^ ^^^ ^^^ VV^j^^^ tberefciro, 

piece IS engraved by Heath, from a ^any weU-mcaning peribns are propagating^ 

|>aiatiBg by Burncy, very much in the ^-it^ ^^^ opinions which the members oC 

Ipirit and manner of Fufcli. The let- this focicty judge to be imfcripcural and ido» 

ccr*prefs and paper are fiogularly beau* btrous, they think, it their duty tooppi>(etho 

tifufi and the whole does honour to farther progrefs of fuch pernicious errorSg 

the ftate of the Arts in this country. . and publicly to avow their firm attachment 

to the doctrines of the Unitv t»f God, of 

to, Rylet tftht Um'tarhM Society f^r pwomtt'mr his eHRiVALLCD :ind wmviDED authority 

Cbrtjiiam KmcwMgt, &e, csV. an^ dominion, and Uuit Jefus Clirift, tlic roo(t 




flcoominatioD, have fome claim to our fome have ftrangely fuppofod. And they are 

jsotKe. Under this idea, wc fliall trao- ac^irous to try the experiment, whether tXm 
Icribe the prefatorv addrcfs prefixed to- eaufe of true religion and virtue may not b? 

thefe Rules, without fuggefiing any moft cflfeaually promoted upon proper uni- 

comment. tarian principles, aud ^hetlicr the plain, un* 

« Chri Aianity, proceeding from God, muft adulterated truths of Chrillianity, when Lirly 

be of infinite importance ; and a more eflen- taught and inculcated, be nut of tliemfelves 

tiol fervice cannot be rendered to mankind fufticient tn form the minds of thofe who 

&hau to advance the interefis of truth aud fincerely embrace tliem to that true dignity 

virtue, to promote peace, liberty, and good and excellence of chancer to which the 

oriler in fodety, to accelerate the improve- Gofpel was intended Co elevate them, 
meat of the fpecies, and to exalt the charac- ** Rational ChriiUans have hitherto beem 

ter, and Yecure the grcated ultimate liappi- too cautious of publicly acknowledging their 

nefs of iodividuaU, by diHeminating right principles; and this difgragiful timidity hath 

principles of religion, and by exciting the at- been prejudicial to tlic progreds of truth and 

tention of cnen to the genuine dotUiaes o£ virtue. It is now high time that the friends 

rt velation. of genuine Chrid'ianity (hpuld (taod /orth 

»• This is the chief objeft of The Unitarian and avow themfclves. The number of fuch, 

Soeietf for pr^tmnif Cbnfiiatt Kww/eJ^e, atd it is hoped, will be found to be much greater 

th* BrsSiee rj f^irtue, by diji'ibittim^ SUCH than many apprehend. And their example^ 

Bo,kt as appear to tlie members of thefocicty if accomiunied with, and recommended by, 

to contain the moft rational views of the Gof* a correlpondent purity of life and morals, 

pel, and to be mo(t (iree frc<m the errors by will naturally attract the aiteniion of other^, 
which it has long been fullied and obfcured. 'and produce that freedom of enquiry, that 

Error, vohtntary or involuntary, fo fnr as it liberal dtfcntiion, and that feaHefs pnketfion 

extends, mui\ have a pernicious influence, of (principles embraced after due examioatioO| 

The membenof this fociety think, tlMrefoie, wluch caobe formidable to nothing but to 

error 






eH^r and to vice, ami which muft evenciiallf be led, when their firft feironn are ahated^ 

be fubfervient to the caufe of truth and vir- to join in a fobcr furvey of t!ic fchemes into 

tue, and to the heft intereftt of mankind. whicli they have been dclutled. To thots 

** The firft general meeting of this fociety only (and I am forry to f^y they arc noi 

Vi9% hcrfdeii on Wedneiiiay, Feb. 9, 1791/' likely to make a L-urg* defcriptian) we applf 

with any hope. 1 may fpeak it upon an af« 

90. A Letitr from Mr, Bttrke fe m M$mher •f furancealmoft approaching to !rt>f«>hitcknow- 

tbt Hathnal ytfimbW ia jlmfwer f (imt ^^K^> Ihat nothing hU been done that hat 

Oiieaiomt 10 bi B»0k tm French jfffairt. not been conti nred from the becinning, even 

Th€ Sei*mi Edniut. Paris /«•!«/, London before the States had affemhled. iV«//« mnts 

t^rimted. i"'^^ ''** ««(^'f«vr/«r^^. They are the (xirm 

MR. B. ickaowled^t Tome of tb. V^*^'^ ?~ h^"^'.^.!^'' J!!^ 

. ^ . ^ . , ? -. J , from the fine, tlioughvanetlm tl^eirappesr- 

«fTortj>oinredotJtbyhiicorrefpondent, ^^^ it was the very fame animal that < 

who addrcffed to him a letter dated No- ^j^^ ^^^ ^j^ i„ ^he (hape of a cater- 

▼embcr 1 7 laft ; but thinks only one of p^^^ ^^at you now fee rife into the air, wA 

thefe errors ntaterul. The cavili on ,xpand his wings to the fun." p. ^, 6. 

his remarks on the groii^tions of the jvf^. 3. proceeds to dcte^ the imp«- 

Bew conffitution do not affea the fub- ^^„j cbarljtanrrii of the National Af- 

ftancc of his objeaioni ; accordingly, n„.,b!Y, in their laR manifeft«,or rnoui*- 

he avoided marking the alterations per- ^bank's bill. «• Ic is faid, in the laft 

petually making "by bungling pra^ice .. qu^ckiOi addref* of the National Af- 

** to correa abfurd theory." u ,p,nblv to the People of France, that 

«« 1 am^onalieiably perfoaded, thnt the at- «« |i,cv have not formed iheir ai range- 

tempt to opprcfs, degrade, impovciirh, coiv «< ^cnts upon vulgar pra^ice, but oa a 

fifcate, and exiinguifh the original gcnilc- « ^^^o^y .^hich cannot fail, ar feme- 

men, and land«l property of a whole nation, « ^^j^ '^^ ^^^^ ^^-^ ,. notc.--H« 

T'^^^^^^Jl^^^^^jJ^'Air^t^:. P^»«»» '« ft^o^ colours the difficulty of 

fume. 1 am fatisned, beyond a doubt, that ^ , . .. ^ • • . r ^ 

the projea of turning a gJeat empire into a r*^^uung the pe^.ple agam to reaion a.4 

Yeftry,orintoacoUeaionofveftries,andof order (p. ii-.i3),'Whtn fuch perfiiM 

govcmihg it in the fpirit of a panxrhial ail- «f« appomud by the Naitonal AffemWf 

roiniihation, -s (enfelefs and abfnrd, in any «<> adininiaer jultic\ and maaage cIm 

mode, or with any quaHficatkms. I can nc- affairs Af religion j and comparee rb« 

ver be convinced thnt the fe«iemc of placing £ODdu6t of C«o nw^il, in choofing Haie« 

the higheft powers of the ftate in church- for bis chief-juilice, urth that of the 

wardens and conflables, and other fuch offi* National Alfcmbly in the choice of their 

cers, guided by the prwlencc of litigious at- judges : and alks ** have not luch mem 

tomies and Jew-brokers, and fet in aclion by «< maje bifhops to admimacr in tcmplea 

iharoelefs women of the toweft condition, by «, j^ ^j^.^j, .^^ ,jj^ patnoiic donations 

keepers of hotels, taverns, and brothels, by m ^avc not already flnpt them of their 

r^^-^^Ti."'*'' by clerks, (hop bovs, hair- .. ^^jj.^,,j ^^^ diurchvvardtns ought to 

dreffers, fidJers, and dancers on the ftage «« . .■ 4- . 1 , . m 

(wlm, in fuch a commonwealth as your% '^i^e Security h^r the al'^r-platr, and 

iriU in future overbear, a* already they have "«V ^^ ^^^^ •» «« «["<* the chalice m 

overborne, the fober incapacity of du'l.unin- «»»«" facnlegious hands, fo long a« 

ilruaed men, of ufeful but hborious occupa- ** Jew* have alljgnats 00 ecdcUrtftical 

lion^) can ever be put into any fhape that ** piunder to exthange for the filvcr 

muft notbe both difgracelW and deftruaive. *' Jlolen from the church ?•* p. 17. • . • 

The whole of this projed, even if it were ** In matters fb ridiculous it is hard to 

what it pretends to be, and was not in reality ** be grave. On a view of their confli- 

the dominion, through that difgraceful me- «• tut ion it is almoft inhuman to treat 

d*nMn,of haIfadoxen,orperl»psfewcr, in- "them lightly." p. iS.— Mr. Burke 

triguiog politicians, is fo mean, fo low-mind- proceeds to (hew, that, to cure the pco- 

•a, fo ftupid a contrivance, in point of wif- |^ ^f prancc of their orclcni dclahi>n, 

^^ ^"^Z" T ^"^t I^^f^^)y J«eftable for its « ^^^^ ^^y^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ,^. 

wicke^fs, that 1 muft always confider the „^„^ ^ \y,hii,x.^ The found part of the 

correaivM, which might make it 111 any de- community, wi.ich I helic e to be large, but 

gree praaicabU, to be (6 many ftew objec- ^y ^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 1^^^^^ p,,^^ ^^ b^^,, ^^^^ 

tiflos to It. p. 3, 4* Y^y furprize, and is dujoinicil, ttrnbed, atui 
«< I do not conceive thK the perfons who difarmea. The (bund |>ait of ilie community 
have contrived thefiethingf can be made much muft firft be put into a better condition ^* 
tbe better or the worfe for any thing which fore it cav do any thing in tl»c way of dell- 
can be (aid to tlwm. Tb^y are reaCunproof. berotion or pcrfiufion. This ouiU be an a^ 
Hcrejuid there, fome men, who were at firft of power, in the hands of tirm, determined 
cacrifd Mray by wild, good intenUoos, may patriots, who caa diftrnguilh the mifleu Drum 

traitors. 



64S 



RtvUw «f Ntw PvhHc^itia, 



tJoir, 



tratcorsy wlio wtlt regolite tht ftau (if fach a Magna Chmta of pHvikgcs at mvtr ym 

fliould be their fortuoe) with a difchmiiiac* given by any king to any tubje^s ? Is it to 

ing, manly, and provident merqr { men wlio be tamely bcn^ne by kings who love their 

are purged of the furfeit and iiidigeftion of {oHje^, or by fubje^ who love their kingsy 

ff{tevM, if ever they have been admitted in- that this Monarch, in the midtl of thefo 



to the habit uf their minds; men who will 
lay the foundation of a real reform, in ef* 
facing every vefUge of that philo(bfihy which 
pretends to have made difcoveries in the 



gracious a6U» was infolcnily and cruelly torn 
from his paUce* b^ a gang of traitors and af» 
{jflins, and kept in clofe pri(tMi to this very 
hour, whilil his royal name and facred cha* 



ttrra mufira/h of morality ; men wh^) will fix ra€ler were ufcd for 'the total ruin of thofe 

the ftate upon thefe bafes of morals and po- whom the laws had appointed him to pro* 

liticks, which are our old, and immemttrial, toA ?'* p- ai;— 23. 

and, I hope, will be our eternal poffeffion — « However, Sir, what I have here faid of 

Thifjjower, to fuch men, muft conie from ^^ interference of foreign princes is only 



9ithSut, It may be given to you in pity ; 
for furely no nation ever called fo patlteti- 
olly on tlie compaBion of all its neighbours. 
It may be given by tlK>fe neighhoun en mo- 
tives of iafety to themfelves. Never (hall I 
think any country in Europe to be fecure, 
whilH there is eftablilhed, in the very centre 
of it, a (late (if fo it may be called) founded 
on principles of anarchy, and which is. in 
reality, a college of armed fanatickr, for tlie 
pro|Vag.-ition of the principles of aifatlinnt'on, 
robbei7, rebellion, fraud, fai5tioti, oppreilion, 
and impiety." p. 19, 90. 

••The King of PruiTia, in concurrence 
witli us, nobly interfered to fave Holland 
from confufion. The fame innvcr, joiucd 
with the refcued HoUnud and with Great 



tlie opinion of a private Kidividu d ; who is 
neither the reprefentacive of any (late, nor 
the organ of any party ; but who tiiinks 
hiinfelf bound to exprefs his own fentiments 
with freedom and energy in a crifis of fuch 
importance to the human race." p. 24. 

Mr. B. checks the apprehenfion of 
hit correfp<»ndcnr, that, in fpeaking 
freely on the rubjc6^ of the Rine and 
QuetD of France, he Ihafl accelerate 
the execution of traitcrous defigns a* 
gainU them. 

** Nothing that I can fay, or that you can 
fay, will hallen them, by a (iogle hour, in 
tlie execution of a deiign which they hava 
long fince entertained. In fpiie of their fo* 



Britain, has put the £ro|ieror in the polief- kmn declarations, their (nothing addrcfTes, 

fion of the Netherlands ; and fecured, u'uier and the midtiplied oaths which they have 

that prince, from all aibitraryinnovatior, the taken, and forced others to take, they wiU 

antient, hereditary condttution of thofe pro- aflaflUiate tlie King when bis name will na 

vinces. The CltamHer of Wetzlar has rcttor* longer be neceflary to their de(igns t but aot 

ed the Bi(hop of Liege, unjudly difpoffelfed a moment fooner. They will probably firft 

by the rebellion of his fuhjecls. The King aflaihnate the Queen, whenever the renew- 

of Prutfia was bound by no treaty, nor alii* ed menace of fuch an aflfadination lofes its 



ance of blood, nor had any particular regions 
lor thinking the Emperor's government 
would be more mifchievous or more oppref- 
iive to human nature than tliat of the Turk ; 



e(k&. ui>on the anxious mind of an affe^ion- 
ate huiband. At preftnt, the advantage 
which they derive fromjhe daily threats 
againd her life, is her only fecurity for pre- 



yet, on mere motives of policy, that prince ferving it. They keep their Sovereign alive 



has interpofed, with the threat of all his 
force, to fnaich even the Turk from the 
pounces of the Imperial Eagle. If this is 
done in favour pf a barbarous nation, with a 
barbarous uegle^ of police, fatal to the hu~ 
roan race, in favour of a nation by principle 
in eternal enmity with the Chridian name ; 
a nation which will not (9 much as .ive the 
falutatton of peace (Salam) to any of us, nor 
make any padl with any Chridian nation be- 
yond a truce ;— if this be done in favour bf 
the Turk, fhall it be thought either impoli- 
tic or unjud, or uncharitable, to employ the 
fame power to refcue from captivity a vir- 
tuous Monarch (by the courte(y of Europe 
confidered as Mod Chridian) who, after an 
intermidion of 175 years, had called toge- 
ther the dates of his kingdom, to reform 
abufes, to edablifh a free government, and 
to drengthen his throne; a Monarch, who, 
at the very outfet, without force, even with- 
out foUdtarioni bad giYca to bis people' fu«h 



for the purpofe of exhibiting him, like foroe 
wild bead at a fair $ as if they had a Bajazet 
in a cage. They choofe to make monarchy 
contemptible by expofing it to derifioa, in 
the perfon of the mod benevolent of their 
kings. In my opinion, tlieir infoletice ap- 
pears more odious even than tlieir crimes** 
p. 26. 

** Till the judice of the world is awaken- 
ed, fuch as thefe will goon, without admo- 
nition, and without provocation, to every 
extremity. Thofe n ho have made the exhi- 
bition of the 14th of July, are capable of 
every evil. Tl^ey do not conmiit crimes for 
their defigns; but they form deigns that 
they may commit crimes. It is not their 
necedjty, but tbeir nature, that impels them. 
They are modem philofophers, which when 
you (ay of them, you exprefs every thing 
that is ifnoble^ iiivage^ and hard-hearted.** 
p. 29. 

<«BefidM 



^\ 



1791.] Riviiw 0/ NifW PMcathns. 649 

<< Btiides th« fort tokens whkh ire given << Your Affemhlj, knowing how much 

bf the ffnrit of their particular arrangements, more powerful «xjinipl«r is fotmd than pr^ 

there arc ibme charaAeriftic lineamenta, io cepty has chofen this noan (by his own, ac* 

Che general policy of yonr tumultuous de^- count without a (ingle virtnt) fur a modeL 

^m, which, in my opinion, indicate, beyond To him they ercA their firCt flatue. From 

a douht, that no revolution whatfoever* nt him they commence ihcir feries of hdnour| 

their ^if^/Sthm, is to 1^ expected. 1 mean and diilindions. ft b that new-invented 

their fcheme of educating tlie hfmg generiA. viitue, which your mailers canonize, that 

tfoit, the principles wh>ch they intend to in- led their moral heVo conilanly to exhauft the 

All, and ihe fympathies which they wilh to ilores of his powerful rhetorick in the ex- 

form in the fnii)d» at the feafon in wliich it preilion of univcrfal benevolence j whilA hia 

Is the rood fufceptiMe. Inftead <of forming heart was incapable of harbouring one f)>ark 

their young minds to that docility, to tliat of common parental affe^ion. Renvvotenct 

modeOy, which are the grace and charm of to the whole fpecies, and want of feeling for 

yoMth> to an admiration of famous exampieiy every individual with whom the pnTeflbn 

md to an averfenefs to any thing which ap* come'in contaA, furm the chara^er of the 

pmaches to pride, petulance, aud felf^onceit new philofophy. Setting up for an unfocial 

(diilempers to which that time u£ hfo a of independence, this their hero of vanity lefufes 

itfelf fuificientty liable), they artificially fo* the )\i(i price of commun labour, as well as 

tneot thefe evil difpofitions, and even form the tribute which opulence owes to genius, 

them into fprings of aftion. Nothing ought and which, when paid, honours the giver and 

to be more weighed than the nature of the receiver ; and then he pleads hi& beggarf 

^ooks recommended by public authority. So as an excnfe for his crimes. He melis with 

recommended, they foon form the charader tendernefs for thofe only who touch liim by 

of the age. Uncertain indeed is the efficacy, the remotell relation, and then, without one 

limited indeed is tlie extent, of a virtuous in* natural pang, cads away, a^ a fort of offal 

ftttntion. But if education ukes-iu vk* as and excrement, the fpawn of his difgudful 

any part of its fyftem, there is no doubt but amours, and fends his children to tlie hofpb- 

that it will opmte with abundant energy^ tal of foundliugs. The bear loves, licks, and 

and to an extent indefinite. The magidrate^ forms Iter young ; bat bea;? are not phUofo* 

who, in favour of freedom, thinks himfelf pliers. Vanity, however, fiitds its account 

obliged to fufler all forts of publicatioosy is in reverfmg the train of our natural feelings* 

imderNa drifter duty than any other, well .,to Thou(ands admire the fentimenul wi her ; 

coofulcr what fort of writers he fhall au- the a^tfifllonate failur is hardly known iu hii 

thorize, and diall recommend, by the droiig* paridi.*' p. 34* 35* 

ed or all fanaions, tlot is, by public lionours . « j^roogh RoutTeaa the National Aflbm. 

and rewards. He ought to be cautious how Wy teach men to love after the fafhion 06 

he recommends authors <>( ni»xed and ambi- phUofopiiert, that ii, they teach to men, ta 

rnnis morality. He ought to be fearful of Fre.>chmen,ak>ve without gallantry , alovo 

putting into Che hamis of youth writers m- ^^^^ thing of that fine fiower oi 

dulgent to the peculiarities of rtiwr own youthfiUnefs and gentility which places it, it 

complexioiT^ led they ftiould teich the hu- ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ the ornamfeits, 

mours of the profeffor, rather than die prin- ^^ y^^ Inftead of this palliSn, naturally al' 

ciple5 of the fcience. He ought, above all, jj^ ^^ ^ manners, tlMsy infufe into 

to be cautious hi recummend.ng any wnter ^-^ ^^ ^ imfidhioned, indehcate, four, 

who hae earned marks of a deranged under. ^^ ferocious medley of pedant»7 and 

ftnndmg; for whrre there is no found rejfon i^^.j„efs, of metaphyficalfpeculations, blend- 

there can be no real virtue , and midneis is ^d with the coacfed fcnfuaUty. Such is tlie 

ever vitious and malignant." p. 29-31. ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^f ^^^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^ 

Such is Mr. B's idea of the writings in their famous pbilofopher, in his famous 

and opinions of RottftaUf whofc leading work of philofophical gallantry, the NouveJlg 

P'ioctple, to influence bis heart, or to ^^Jf***' ?» 39 f 4^ 

f.ixr J^»V""'^-*'^i!°'*'"^' "^V^T'*^* Thefe, and the obfervations on tb« 

With this vice he was pofleiTed to a f^^, ^^y^^ i„ ,j,^ ^^^^ fubfcquent 

-J degree little (hort of iMdocfs, It IS '^, f ^^^ too weU 

•* from the fame deranged ecccnuic va« founded. 

*' ntty that this, the infane Sacrstei of 

" the National AlTembly, was impelled '* Perhaps," continues Mr. B, « bold fpe- 

" to publiffi a mad ConfelTn^o of bis mad c«>«'on* ^re more acceptable, becaufe more 

•* faults, and to attempt a new fort of ?«^ ^? J.*^ '^' '^,?^» who have been fong 

CI I - /,«-. K»:— ; .« K«,^.i„ r« iT-k. ""<^« fatiated with them. We continue, as 

the obfcure and vulgar vices which ^,^ i y^^^^ -^.^^^ j^^ ^„ ^^^ contineti 

" wc knoxv may fomctimet be blended ^y^ a,rtlK>rs of found antiquity. Tl»efe occupy 

w with eminent talents." p. 33, 34. #ur minds. Tkey give us anotlier tade and 

OLiiT.MkQ.Jufj, ij^i. ttim; 

8 



6 jO Rtvhw 9f Niw PuhRiMtUn$t U^^T 

t«m; Md#innot(iiMliriitli>WiMf«thaB ThereitTiodoolitUiaywaioCfod thrfira^ 

tratifiendy aronfed wtth p an idoapql mon^ c»f mnvf whenever they foe ad orraifihn 

\kf,** p. 42. DraaAfoly bowevert will be the con fe^u c i pcc 

" However, I lefs confider the Mther» ^ *«■' !K^.*° ?J^!i^ evUf o€ war bj 

than the fyfteift oC the AflemWy in perveit- **»««»« poUcyiif murder. 1^ by efkc^ 

inj morality, through hit means. This, I tuai pon^ment of thegiiUty, they da noi 

eonfofs, makes me nearly (lefpair of my «• wh^ difiwow that V^^^^^'^^y^.y^J^ 

^tempt upr« tlie minds of their foUowert, of »t too, as any part of their policy 1 v ovot 

through rcafon, honour, or confdence. The ■ «*«»«» !»"«« e ntert tr4 o Frtnoe, be malt 

Srcatobjeaofyourtyrafittis,iodeftpoytho «"•«' **?*??*■ **'"^..* «*«»«•_ Th« 

tentlemen of France ; and for that porpofe mode of aviliied war wUl pot ho pr«aifbd 5 

they dcrtroy, tp the bed of their power. aU «J«;« ^. French who «a on tho profiHtt 

tho etka of tbofc rdations which may nan- ^^•^ •"?"*? ?* •"??^ ^ "*^» wbofa 

der confiderable men poweHbl, or even fafe. l^nown pohcy it » to aflaffinate ewy citMW 

To deftroy that order, they vitiate the whole ^^ *^ ^"^P«^ ^ ^ dtfoomeoiad by 

community. That no means may exiil of «»»«• nr»««y» and to corrupt the foUkery of 

confederating againft their tyranny, by the «v«7 open enemy, mt^lookfornoaiodifie4 

Cjlfc fympathics of this NomlU EUTfi, they l!^^^' ^^ «^» ^*»E^ .»» ««* '^^^^ ^" 

Endeavour to fubvcrt thofe principles of do- be military e»cutioo. This will be&ct adt 

mcftic iroft and fidelity which form the dif- « P«»lat»o from yoo; and every rotrfiadoe 

ciplioe of focial life. They propagate prin- *^" ^eget a new revenge The heU-hoonda 

clples by which eveiy fcrvaiit may think it, ©f war, on aU fides, wiU be uncoupled and 

if not hU duty, at leaft his privilege, to be- onjiuxiled. The ne*r fchool of munler 

tray his miftcr. By thcfe principles, every •f*' barbanfm, fet «p m Paril, bavmc do* 

confidciable father of a ftmily lofes the fane- "»^~ U® »^. » »" »' *!") »" ^^ <**>ef 

tuary of his houfe. Vchtt (ua tutqu* i^mmt manners and principles whidi have hither^ 

ejft ptr/uiium tMiifftmm, fays the bw, which «*«viliied Europe^ wiU deftroy alfo the mode 

your leginators have taken fo mudi pains «f civilised war, which, more than any thing 

fii ft to tiecry, then to repeal. They deftroy «»fe» >»» diftinguiflied the Chriftiao world. 

. all the tranquillity and fecurity of dumeftic •«* u the approachuif golden age, which 

life \^ turning tlie afy lura of the houfe into a ***« Virgil of your Aflembly » has fung to bis 

gloomy prifon, where the father of the family Polfio»i* p. 41— 46. 
muft drag out a mirerable exiftence, endaii- Hit comparifon of Moak and his army 

ficrcd in proportion to ihfc apparent means with thit of France is fo beautiful and 

of his fafety I where he is worfe than ibU- juft, that we cannot deny ourfclvcs the 

tary in a crowd of domcfticks, and more ap. pUafure of tranfcribing it : 
prehenttve from his fervants and mroaiei « , , ^ . ^. /n./- • «. 

than fixim the hired blood-thirfty mob wkh- JLl^Z^""^ ?"* P^^^*' If ^""*^ 

out doors, who are ready to puU him to the anf P«J»« of a capaaty to ferve the French 

l^gfriK ' f^ monarchy m the fame manner in which 

<Mi 'it thus, and for the fame end, that **^ ^*^.^^lf 2«^y "^ ^^^ 

tliey endeavour to deftroy that tribunal of i^ r"?!^, iT^'^r^ .. ^^"^?f?f ^ 

confcience which exifts independenUy of been formed by CromweU ^ 

edi^ and decides. Your defpott govern by ^jj^'ne which peilui^s lias nev^ 

rerror. They know, that he who fearsGod ^'^ ^?^'' ?!^r^ . *^ ^ ^^^ 

fears ifoihing elfe; and therefore they era* ""^ ««».I^»^»- ^^'J ^"^^"^ ^^'^ "»«» 

4cate from the mind^through then- Voltainj, o^c«r«>rdinary p»«y, after their mode j of 

tlieir Helvetiiis, and the reft of that infammis ^^ ^"^^ regulamy, and even fereni^r of 

r4ng, that only fort of foar which generates ^P^i , ^^"^ ."> the field, but roodeft, 

true coun^e. Th«ir objeft is, that iheir ^"'*^\^"^ orderly, ui their qcuuiers; men 

fcllow cities may be under the dominion '^^* ^'^^^^^i**^ ^»»« l^«» of aflaihnating their 

of ac> awe but that of their committee of re- ?^^*'^' ?^ ^"^ ?^ I^"* > u^"** n"^^ 

il.rch, and of their W.r«. ^^^^ J^ 1«^ '^]^J^'''^^ ^*"' '^t^ 

" Having found the advantage of aflaflTt. '^^f'^* ^r"*^ attached to thofe genei^Us by 

ration in the fbt mation of theh- tyranny, it ^»«>n\they were well treated and ably com- 

is the grand rcfource in which chcy truft for ^"^^^ ^ S"ch an army, once gained, might 

tl.c iupport it. Whoever oppofcs any of *>« Je^^H^*! ""• 1 doubtmuch, if you ecu d 

tli^ir |>r'>ceedi.i2s, or is fufpeaed of a defign 2^1? f^'t * Monk .whether a Monk could 

to «p^.fe them; is to anfwer it with bis life, ^^' »" P""^' ^"'^^^ ^"^ *™y- P' 47' 48- 
or tlie hvcs of liis wife and childrui. This Nor is there Jcfs propriety io his com* 

iat<inTous, cruel, and cowardly pra^lice of patil'on of the fiate of £ngland under 

aiiailiiution they have tlie impudence to call and after the death, or his reprclcotatioa 

ffttr.ijul. '1 hty boaft tliat they have oixiratcd of Chai le& i I. 

ilicir ufurpation raiUer by tenor than by 1 -.- 

f.>Kc; anil iluii a few fcafouaU'.e murdeis * « Mlrabeau*s fpeech cooceruing univer- 

h^vt jMrevcated the blooUaicd of many \K:Xiz%, fal peace.*' 

"Yet 



17^1 J^i^^ if ^i^ P^iScalswi 651 

<* YeC the reftontioo of our mcnarchjry '< to'deOroy the aoticnt proportions of 

even in thiB^rlbn offuch a prince, was " the orditrs. Thefc changes, unquer* 

«pei7thinstoust for wkhoac monarchy in «« tionably, the ^ing had no right to 

b^daod, moft certainly we never can cnjojr u „jake; and here the Parliaments fail- 

•*^J**^.°^ ^^' *f 1^ onder this « ^^ j„ ^j^eir duty, and, along with their 

Moinaian that the ve^ ^^/^^^ ^^? " country, have perifbed by this failure," 

which we tonic on the Revolation of i68b, „ .^ .y \vk,« \Mj^ u »r^ir^ *\>m 

wnstofltlthethronewithafeal king, and & t^i "^ ?^ ,^: ^' ^'f^,^^^ 

«^ before H could be done in due fo^. the ?""* conft«ution to hit correfpondcot, 

chiefc or the nation did not attempt them- J« m««f 5 « recommend the principUt 

ielves to excrcife authority fo much as by fro™ '•D»cn ^ "■» grown, and the po- 

hiurim. They inftantly reqiiefted the Prince [icy on which « has been progrettively 

of Orange to toke the government ^>n him* improved out of elements xommoo to 

felC The throne was not e£fo6lively vacant the French and us. 

for an hour." p. 49. « i do not advife an Houlb of Lords to 

Speaking of the Ariflocrats, who have you. Your antient courfe, by reprefentatives 

Waved every danger for their country, of ^^ noUeffe (in your circuro fiances), ap- 

and remained in it, Mr. Burke rifes P«^ ^ mc ^^^^^ a ^r *nftitution. I 

^aove biniielf. ^""^' ^^f» ^'^ y°"' a fet of men of raak 

^ ^^ , , _ j-:..^ .A .,.«-«««.4/u« have betrayed their conilituents, Uieir ho- 

- But wh^ I ««Jnven ^^.P^' nour, their cnift, their kiag, and their coiui- 

tondy I wnnoi hefitate for a mom« to pre- ' J themfelv^f with their foot- 

K'^^'^^^Z^^^^^ ^^Z «»^»» '^^ 'h,x>ugh this degradation, they 

"^^'}^S!lI^'^€^^T^l^x^^^^^ -"ig^^^ aftemaids put themWves abovi thet 

^^'i^'J^-^'l^ ulf^^^.^ natural equals. W of tbefe perfons have 

n^' '**^''.'J!!?'*"k r^ .ifr»i SI' . entertained a projea, that, in rewaid of thu. 

*!**'^1??*»'<T^'«*^^']^^^ tlieirblHTk perfidy and coemption, they may 

!!???r'^i[? "^^"^^ T^ I'tx?^ ^ chof*^" ^o give rife to a new order, Ld to 

o€ life itfelt Do me the J»^,.^ bel«ve themfeU^ into an Houfe of Lords. 

?^ * "StTx?" ^^ ^^ laihdu)us vutue . ^^^^^ ^j^ ^^^ ^ ^ g^. 

(viTtue m) totho unconquered perfever- ^ift^^^rtilution, I mean to recinnmend you 

^f? '** i^'J^'^l! E^^ir"!!! r ^ r fuch lord., made of fuchkindofltutf? lA^ 

who u«teh day and night by the b^fide of ' .^^ ^^^ Uefcrip^ion aU 

their deUnoescouutiy, who, ^r their love ^^ J^^^^ j ^^ ^^^j ^^ ^^^^ fch;me.-lf 

?r*?f'*^'^KT^.*^'^L^ ^^re now to form fuch an Houfe of 

difguAs and all the buffets they recejvt from ^ .^ ^^^^ ^ ^ ,.^^j^ j,^ ,j^^ 

their frantic mother. 8«-, i do look oa you ^f^^^ance to out's in iu origin, chara^Ur, 

» ^* "^'"^y" ' . ^ J^'^ n . r m «r the purpofes which it m.ght aafwer, at 

wlioaafar moR^mthefpint of our Com- ^^^J ^|^^ ^,^^ .^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 

mander in Chief, and the Capta.n of our S^- j,-^,. ., ^ ^ 

vation, than thofc who have left yon s though j 1 j» t 

I muft firft bolt myfelf very thoroughly, and " Still lefs am you capable, in my opinion, 

know that I coukl do better, before I can of framing any thing which virtually and 

cenfure them. I aOure you, Sir, that, wbeii fubOantially could be anfwcrable (for the 

1 coniider your unconquerable fidelity to purpofes of a ftable, i-cgular govemmciii) !• 

your fovereign, and to your coumt7, the onr Houfe of Commmis. .That Houfe is, 

courage, foititude, magnanimity, and long- within itfelf, a much morefuhtle and artificial 

fuffering of yonrfelf and the Abb^ Maury, combination of paru and powers than people 

and «if Mr. Cazales, and of many worthy are generally aware of. What knits it to the 

peribns of all orders, in your Aflembly, I other members of the conftitutiun; whit fits 

forget, in the luftre of tl)efe great qualUies, it to be at once the great fupport and tlie 

that on your fide has b^n difplaycd an do- great contionl of Government ; what makes 

qiicnce fo rational, manly, and convincing, it of fuch admirable fervice to that monarchy 

tliat no time or country, perliaps, has ever which, if it lim>«, it fecoresand Itrengthcns ; 

cxccUed. But your talents difappear in my would require a long difaiurfe, belonging to 

aUmiiaiion of your virtues.'* p. 51—53. t'^* Icifurc of a contemplative man, not to one 

A J r .u.r- n.«^l,:«« whofc duty it is to join in commnnicatui? 

At to a ^medy for thele fl>ock.ng ^^^i^u [^ ^^ le the blelUags of fuch 

evils, Mr. B. profcffes bimfelf totally i^,,„ft.Jio^. 

unable to dffer a plan, fnuated, at he ii, „ y^^^^ ^.^^^ ^, ,, ^^^ ^^^ i„ ^ff^^ ^^ 

It too great a diftaacc to judge of «/* c^^hftancc, an Hoofe of Commons. You 

or appwrimnutcs. It is caher to fee that ^^^ j^^ abfoluic need of fomethihg clfe to 

enc great error was, that the Parliament fj,pp|v ,|^,j m.niiicft d^fe^s in fuch a body as 

of Paris •• fufTcrcd the King's miniflers yourTiersLtat. On a f.ibcratid ddp.itli >n.aa 

"to new.modci the whole rcprtfcnia' view of ytna* old conilitvition, as coixne^^tcd 

'•lion of the Tiers Etat, and, m a great with all the picfcnt c«rcv»m(lanccs, 1 w^s 

^*ine«ifure/th^t of the clergy too, and fuUy i>crfuadcd, tlut lUe ciown, ftainling as 

things 



6 j2 'Rivintf of Niw PuhRMUnu \]^St 

Chinp hav« flood (and are likely to ilandt if petty, in order to fit thdr ooontiy to tboir 
you are to have any mooarchy at all), was theory of a conititutioo. 
and is incapable, alone and by itfelf, of hold* « Until you could make out praAically 
ing a juft balance between the two orden, that great work, a corobinatioa of oppofinc 
and, at the (anie time, of effe^ing the into- forces, <a work of labour long, and endlefii 
rior and exterior purpofes of a pmteAing < praife,' the utmoft caution ought to bave 
government. I, whofe leading principle it been ufed in the redudion of the royal 
it, in a reforroation of the ftate, to make ufe power, which alone was capable of holding 
of extilkig materials, am of opinion, that the together the cbmparatively heterogeoeoui 
reprefentation of the clergy, as a (eparate or- ma(s of your ilates. But, at this day, all 
der, was an inBituiion which touched all the thefe coofiderations are unfeafonable. To 
onlers mofe nearly than any of them touch* what end ihould we diicufs the limitatioDS of 
ed the other; that it was well fitted to con- royal power } Your king is in prifon. %Vhy 
neA them, aad to hold a place in any wHe f peculate on the meafure and itaodard of U* 
roonarchical commonwealth. If I refer you htrxji I doubt much, rery much iiKloed, 
to your original conftitution, and think it, as whether France b at all ripe for liberty oa 
I do, fub(lantially a good one, I do not amufe any ftandan). Men are qualified for ciril 
you in this, more than in other things, with liberty in exa€t proportion to their difpofi* 
any inventions of mine. A certain intem- tion to put moi-al chains upon their own ap* 
perance of intelleft is the difeafe of the time, petites ; in proportion as their love to julUca 
and the iburce of all its other difeafes. I will is above tlieir rapacity ; in proportion at 
keep roy felf as untainted by it as 1 can. Your their foondne^ and fobriety of underftandin^ 
architedls build without a foundation. I would is above their vanity and prefumptidni ia 
readily lend an K'^lping hand to any fuper* proportion as they are more difpofed to liften 
ilruAure, when once this is efledually ie- to the counfels of the wife and good, in pro- 
cured — but firil i would fay U; ajt $-»•" P« fereoce to the flattery of knaves. Society 
64, 65. cannot exid unlefs a controuling power up- 
" 1 believe, Sir. that many on the cooU- ^ ^iU and appetite be placed foraew here ; 
nent aUogcther miftake the condition of a »"«1 ^^ l«5 ^J *' ^^ " T''^ ^ ?^ 
King of Great Britain. He U a real King, 4^r« ^^ ^ without. It 1$ ordained, m 
and not an executive officer. If he wiU not ^^. ^^"^ conftitution of thmg^ that mea 
trouble himfelf with contemptible details, nor ^^ mteroperate mmds cannot be fi^ i their 
wifti to Jecradc himftlf by becoming a party P«"«»» wrg« their feuers. ' p. 67—69. 
in little fquabbles, i am far from fure, that a Mr. B. proceeds to paint the charac* 
King of Great Hutain, in whatever concerns tcrs of the prefent reformers, thofc who 
him as a king, or indeed as a rational man, have eflfeftcd the Reformation by every 
who combines his public imercft with his aft of violence, bold and wicked enter- 




Revolution. The direct power of the King r .u /^ m j l i 

of tngland is confidcrable. His ind,re«, and J^ '^!' Cromwell,; and his colouring 

far more certain pouer, is gre.it indeed. He ^^^ " " "" »"«^» occafion. 

ftand* in need of no'hing towards dignity ; of " Yoo aflc me too, whether we have a 

nothing lowanis fplcndour ; of nothing to- committee of refearch. No, Sir^— God for- 

Dvads auihwrity ; of nothing at all towards bid I It is the neceflary inftrument of ty- 

coiifuleration abroad When was it tliat a ranny and ufur[Maion; and therefore 1 «k> 

King of England wanted wherewithal to not wonder that it has had an early eftabUlh- 

make hiiH refped\ed, courted, or perhaps inent under your prefent Lords. WedoooC 

even feared, in every (late of Europe f" waot it.'* p. 71. 

p» 67. The condufion is admirable: 

** 1 am conftantly of opini«»n, th^t your « In England we tantm work fo hard as 

ibttes in thiee orders, on the footing on Frenchmen. Frequent relaxation is nvcef. 

which they ftood in 1614, were capable of faiy to us. Yoti are naturally more inteofe 

being brought into a pnipcr and harmonious in your application. I did not know th's 

combination with royal authonty. Tlti> con- part of your national chaiia^r until I went 

ilitutioii by eftaies was the natural and only to France in 1773. At prefent, this yonr 

juft reprefentatinn of France. It grew out difpofition to labour is ratl>er increafed ihMi 

.of the habitual conditions, relations, and reci- leffenecl. In your Allembly you do not al^ 

procal claims of men. It grew out of the low yourfelves a recefs even on Sundays. 

circumdances of the country, and out of the We have two days in tlte week, befiUes the 

Aate of property. Tl^ wretched fcheme of fcftivals ; and hefidcs five or fix months of 

your prefent mafters is, not 10 fit the coiUli- tlie Summer and Autumn. Ihis continual, 

nuion to the people, but wholly to deftroy unremiued efhn of the members of your 

c«)iulitioiis, to ililfolve relations, ta cliange Atfembly I take to be one among the caufei 

lEhe iiate of the nation, and to fubvert pro- of the roifchiof they have done. They who 

always 



I79i*l Rivino of Nno PuHiuahfu. ISgt 

ilwap labour can have no true judgement, the bare mention, by Ctpt. Dtxon» ii| 

You never give yourfelves time to cool, his narrative of his vovagc, that Capt, 

You can never furvey, from its proper point McaresU crew fuffercd the exccffci of 

of fight, the work yon have finilhed, before jhc icurvy, bv the too free ufe ofcfpi^ 

you decree its nnai execmion. You can -:,, u^. ,«««i' ^^ .k-«* ;.% o^;r.«.»- :•.-. 

iever plan the future by the paft. You can Xb cJ^ n „i T . K *^^^^^ 

never v> into the cmLrj, foberly and d.f- T^^''^ ^^^- Duncan has been dr^wn^ 

paOionauly, to obferve the eflfea of your ^^ ^"P!*. ^"^^V J"]^.'"^ ^'V I*'' '}^^ 

ine^ures on their objeas. Yon cannot leel Capt. Dixon rtfuftd hnn rclitf at feai 

diftinaiy how fer the people aie rendered "^^^^ "aflcrtion Capr. Duncan avowf 

better and improved, or more miferable and ^^ °^ without foundation.** On thi^ 

depraved* by what you have done. You ftatement of fafts, by Mr. Mearts'e 

cannot fee, with your own eyes, the fuffer- opponents, we, as far as our limite<| 

logs and affliftioiu you caufe. You know knowledge of the difputed poinH ii| 

tbem but at a diftance, on the ftateraeots of *quc(lion goes, cannot help bein^^ o( 

thofe who always Batter tfie reigning power, op«oion that Mr. M. lias gone too far, 
and who, amidil their reprefentations of the 

grievances, inflame your minds againft thofe 5 >^, ;. ,^ ^^^^ ,^ ^mmon, upm tU 

wboare oppreffcd. Thefe are amongft the ^^E^iuai^-kn 0/ ibt ITagbit and Me^fur^ rf 

eflfeas of unremitted labour, wlien men ex- ^f^ b^jj^j ^.,^ *^ Obfi,!oanc^ 

h^ their attention, burn oa their candles, ^^ ^^ ^,^^ ^ j ^^^^j ^ 

and.are left ra Uie dark.-ZW^ «.« »• n.jii. . ^^ j^^^^.^ ^^^ ^^^^,^^„ ^ ^^^^ , 

l,nttmm^fiami^Mm^SiMfamiUtf.mxam. p. ''wirh hief Ahdraa* of iht mf mat^iai Aa$ 

72—74. ^ ^^ BritiOi LfgijUwe, mmd c'ber OrdU 

It his been faid, that Mr. B. fallt noma and Rt^tdathms, fm tht Efi^a&^cteim 

Hiort of bimfclf in this publication. 0f our H^tightt and Mt^rtt^ frmm Magnn 

We leave the publick to judge of the Charta/«i&/r#yM/7i«r#, a(C*lcc ^y i«p 

propriety of this obfervation from the J<»hn Ri^gs Miller, Bart. Tngahw tunh 

copious extracts here laid before, them. *^^» L0tttn from th* Bifbp of Autun /• fAe 

In our opinion Mr. B. deftrves to be Jl^ib'>r,mfHtn ib Unf.rmuy of H^ttgbtt mmd 

heard, and wll be heard, both in Meaurtxi that ^r.ia>iUP,ofofui^^^^^ 

France and England. . 7 ^^ /^^l i* '^1^^" T/^f^J -J""* 

• tbi Dfcree of t bit Btdy, of rbo Ztb of May« 

, ,' - cooformihle to tbi Bijh p^i tnpojitiom: nmU^ 

9i.-^L#frrr/#JofephPneilley,L7:.i).F.«.5. ^nzXxQi Trawfiatlomi. gwo. 

m his Dijcoutfo diitvered o» Wednefday, »rLjocii I'xvf.t.- 

April 17/ mu /• ib^ Supporter, of rl; - J"^ Brft objcft of this curious in. 

aL ColUe li Hackney. ^\b> Samuel "^^^^^'or, whom we are forry not to fee 

Turner hUA> prolccuiing his rcfearchcs and plans la 

CONTAINS fome fimple truths, be- f^ ^l^^'f i" St. Stephen's chapel, is. to 

low Dr. P'f notice. ^^''*^y '^\ ".°"^«» »^^^ J""*^ uncerta.nty 

and perplexity prevail now, and have 




America, &€, an fullj iomfidncd and r*- of this uncenaintv and parplexity ; an4 

fuitd, t<> prove that, under the prcfent circum- 

WE announced this Anfwer in p. ^.a.""*^.' « '». Pjrmancnt and inevitable. 

«4: and, as we then conjeaured, the His third obj^a is to Ihew the mifchiev- 

controvcffy has not ended here. <>."» mftucncc which the inequality^ of 

our weights and meafures has on fci^ 

^3. FarrW Romarts on tbi Vojap ef John J""' «»" commerce and on th^^«^- 

"^ Meares, %., in ^hub jJrit iip^nant ^^^" '"<* '"«^*'* ^''}^^ of individuals 

¥a^U mifr^^rejtma imb' fsid royag(, «- ""^ ©f the community at large. His 

Utivt ioGiograpby and Ccmmerce, an fu^ fourth would be to offer fome imme- 

fuhfiantiatU, To vjbUb is added, a Lrur diate corrcftions of the abufes now pre- 

f.om Capt, Dnncaii, c ntainUg a deetjive mailing from <uch inequality; and hit 

Rtfvtattom of fevtrul uffonndtd AJf»rtioni of 6fth Objcft WOuM be to fugecft fome 

Mr, Meares* and a fmal R'piy to bit An* general llandard,from which all weights 

fwer. By George Dixoo, ^c. and meafures may be in future raited j 

SORRY are we to obferve that any being itfclf derived from fomcthing ia 

expedition, undertaken by fca or land, nature that is invariable and immutable 1 

fbr the fake of ufeful difcnvf ry, Hiould and which muA neceifirily be at alt 

be defeated by private reftntotent. But times, and in all places, equal, and the 

iamc. 



JMiW 0/ N(W Puhlicafms. ^hXu 

, ie.-7-Xh?.ttec firft are felf-cvidcnr meratet feTcraladrtn^gct whiph would 
propoHtioj^s I the fourth is not difculTed refult from deriving oui^ (landard mea^ 
this pamphlet; and, in refpe£^ to the fure from this fource: bat he ^Ifowa 
^thf Sir John fiates the tffcntud and that the trouble, time* and ex|>ence of 
ifyikU qualities of an unircrfal ftandard firft finding it, and recarring (o it after* 
tot weigbu and meafurct. The cflcn* ward» are. very great obje&iooft to it^ 
tial qualttAet fecm fulU en^merate4 in He ailb, very juftlyt doubts whether it 
lus explanation of hit ttfth objefk; and admita of bemg determined with fufi- 
thofe which may be th(Might eligible cient accuracjrs and givea hit reaibna 
fre» that if it be of a proper extents for rhit fui)>icion. The fourth flandaid 
^either (b large nor fo fmall at to create is propofed to be taken firom the length 
9ny dificulties either in the ^onftni^ion of a pendulum, wbich makes one vibrat- 
or uie of it $ that its denominations be tion in a fecond of time. This appeara 
in tens; that, if poffible, it maj be de* to our author, and perhaps juftly, to be 
rived from, or conn^ded with, two *' the moft proper for a (labdard, as it it 
things in nature, fo that one uf them ^ the (unplcft, the moft eafily obuined, 
may be a check on» or proof of, the ** and the moft accurate.*' But, for 9, 
other i that it (hould agree nearly with fuller riew of the rub3e£^, we rouft refer 
Ibme one of the meafures now in com* oar readers to the pamphlet it&lf, and 
non ufe , that it ihould correfpond, in to ibme remarks on it, fuggcftcd by our 
^ome degree, with the meafures of other brethren the Monthly Reviewers, in 
IMitionsi nod, if poffible, be a medium their Review for May iaft, vol. V* p» 
iKtween them { and that both the fland- 60-^65. 
ard, and ita denominations, be fuch at 

Bcighbottrins natitws may be inclined ^^, ^ Fmiie^m rf tht Ri^hi Hmottmik'B^ 

to adopt. He next exammes the pro* mund Burke't << JU/Uakntt tm tkt lUm^' 

perties ef feveral objefts which have, at •*ikm im prance i" iu Am/w^t u bU bU 

ditferent times, been propofed at proper Offoaewts. 

Aandards for an univerfal meafuret and IP Mr. B't RtfiiBwis needed a Vh^ 
points out the advantages and defefks Utrnthn^ this writer has taken -in the 
of each. The firft that he mentions is whole range of his oppopentt{ and if, 
faken from a drop of diftilled water, or while he fets up for candoar and libera- 
Ipitit of wine, reAihed to a certain de« Hty of fentunent, he appears to dcpatt 
^ee of Arengtb, and the drops made in fiom his profeifions, he does no mure 
n ccnain temperature of the atmofphere; than the generality of thofe whom he 
n certain number of thefe drops may be replies to. Thefe are, Mrs. Wolften- 
dcnominated a ton weight; and the fide craft; the Leflbns to a young Prince, 
of the cubic veflel which contains them, by ft Stat^fitian; Major Scott; the Short 
US it will be about 38 or 39 4nches, if Obfervations on Mr. Burke's Refltc- 
the ton weight be of its preient mi^ni. tions t Do£lors Price, Towers, and 
tude, may, very convenieotlv, be efiab« Prieftley ; Meffieurs Lofft and Rou^if 
lilhcd for the ftandard yard. The in* and Mrs. Macaulay Graham t all whom 
leraal capacity may alfo be a ton of H* he charaAerizes ; and, in doing this, 
quid meafure, 31 bufliels, or four quar« ihews that he is not deftitute of abili* 
tcrs of corn, aod a chaldron of coals, ties, improved, in this inftance, by a re- 
Sir John Miller thinks this the molt fidence, ^or the laft three years, 10 Pa- 
pnexceptiooable of /mall fiandards; but ris. In chara^eri^ing the National 
^e doubts whether the drops, whatever Aifembly, he is not a whit more fa* 
care may be . taken, can be made fo vourable to it than Mr. B. ; nor is he, 
nearly alike as not to admit of a very perhaps, wide of the mark when he 
eonfiderablc error in the total quantity calls it *< a difgulling mixture of weak- 
of fuch a vafi number as would be re- ** nefs and effrontery, fttperllicion and 
quifitc for the purpofe. The fecond ** impiety, ignorance and prefumption, 
iiandard which he propofes is taken ^ folly and crueky, mifchievous boy a 
from the adincafuremeot of the fpace ** in legiflation, prote^ors of unheard- 
through which heavy bodies fall in a *' of cruelty, and notorious violators of 
fecond of time. Thr^ Sir John reje£ls, *' property (p. 50} ; who have rtduced 
onaccount of the difficulty which would *' robbery to a iyftem. There is no- 
occur in dcterminingthe (pace with fuf- ** thing chat men can do, that I do not 
jficieni exaflnefs. The third (landard " conceive the National Aflemblv capa- 
i« taken from the mtafuie of a degree *' ble.of ; I mean the majority, that Hre 
of a great circle of the earth* He cna* " led by Mirab^au : and nothii^ mora 

, • •♦ prob^bl? 



i9^^ 



Ritnno $/ Nho pMUicathkh 651^ 



*' probable than that the people would rerpeAiog anj one of the (ar^ divifions A 

** atfeat to iny thing they coald do" (p. the kingdom, coold he at once olitained. It 

102. One inflancc we have, and thit ^a* therefore thought moft advifcable ta 

writer waa eye-witncfs to it, in the con- throw as much variety as poflihle intothfe 

demnation of M. de Favras by the ftrft volume, that oiir readeisirfgM^^ 

Chatelet, for fiar of tbt mob. This ^Jf S^^°"* ^***SJ^ II*Jv2 

•:» j;^*»^»^f lui^ t> j.«i»*.. ki^r.tr « the kingdom even from tbit part of tn» 

vindicator of Mr. 5. de^^^^ Wh«her the fame plan » to be perw 

totally unacquainted with hitn, or with ^^^^ -^^ ^ ^j,^^ ^ i^gubrky and 

any one who knowi him ; tttd that he comiexioo ai« to be attended to in fiitiii«^ 

has only rein him once, and fhall, in a wiU depend on the imaniroky and diipatd) 

few weeRt, leate thii country, perhaps with which the Clergy tranfimt the neceffiiff 

never to return (p. 142). He " con« informntion to the author. 

'* ceives Whiggifm to be a jealous at- •< The variety of btifinefsybath of a pubUo 

*' tacbraent 10 the Conftitution, as fct- and private nature, in which 1 have been of 

•• tied at the , Revolution j and, on this late engaged, has prevented mc from arrangr 

•« principle, Mr. Burke is the bca '^^Z or abridging, fo completely as I Oiould 

•* Whig, and Mr. Burke's book the bavedooe, theanfwers included m this vo- 

«« bea Whiggifl^ book in the language. '«*"« [ ^** ^^. ^^ 1?*^ «/. ^«^?^ 

"He is not a Whig that fay? Mr. «"^ be mended witlrconfiderabl^^ 

w vtAr^» u tt«M> « u/kt». k« a. «Ar oM ""^cf* the Clergy m general will do wh* 

Tr K '^ V c^\r n t • many of them have verffnccelsftiUyexeeatedj 

-'honeft man that fays Mr. Burke is „^iy, n^nfcribe the accounts pJepartd far 

"not a virtuous Whig" Cp. 141).— immediate publication. Anfwen to the que- 

Upon the whole, we confider this Vin. ^c^ however, which have been drculated 

dication as the beft detcaion of the fo- arc ftUl requcfted j but where it is equaUy 

phifms and'*<dvil principles adopted by convenient, it is certainly more defireable 

the revoJutioniHs of France, and their that the Clergy Ihould confider the anfwers 

worfliipers in this country* wun^ at a key t« hfuiryi and the models 

whirh are iiow fet before them, togciiier 

96.-^ Stut^icsl* Act^m cf Scotland, dravm with the annexed analyfis, will be of fervicft 

ar/ frmm tbi CpmmunUaiiomt tf the MiniJItn in pointing out the beft mode of drawing up 

•f tbt difftrtwt Pmrx/bes, ^/ ^ir John SUi- tbe ftatiltical account of the diAbrent dif- 

clair, j!r«r^ FoL f. Edinburgh, 1 791 f. tri^b. 

JN the Introdoftion, dated Edin- '^two^d beimjjopertocondiJde-witlv 

Ihirgh, May 25, .79,, Sir John tells us, ^^^ ?f""^5 J^ ^ f^tH^^^'^l^'VZ 

.*» • I \ ^ ^ i the Clergy m general for the attention ttiev 

«• It IS now about twelve months fince I jj^^ p^jj ^^ t^^ aiflferent iwuifitkms f^itl* 

Hrft had the hononr of circulating, among ^hich 1 have titjobled them, and for tl» 

ttc Clergy of the Church of Scotland, a va- very polite and flattering manner in which 

rirty of queries for elucidating the natural j^ey have perfonaUy addrefled themftlvcs to 

biftory and political ftate of that country. ^^ ^ j^e occafion. The fpirit and alacrity . 

Wy onginal idea was to have drawn up, ^{jh ^^ich tliey have engaged in fo laborious 

frcm iheir rctunts, a general Statiflical View an undertaking muft ever do them infirtiie 

of North Britain, wittKJUt any particuUr re- credit ; and they muft feci the utmoft fatif. 

fcrcoce to parochial diftrids. But I fbimd /aaion from the reflexion that they have 

fuch mcnt and abdiiy, and fo many ufeful contributed to the formation of a wortc, o£ 

f-ds and important obfervations in the an- ^hich may be tnily faid, in the words of k 

fwcrs that were fent mc, that I could not ^fpcaable citizen of this county (Oeoig* 

think of depriving the Clergy of tlie credit Dempfter, Efq.) that no puUicatkm, of equal 

they were entitled to denve from fuch labo- information and curiofity, has appeared ia 

nous exertions; and 1 was induced to give Groat Briuin fince Doraefilay4KX)k ; and 

ttic work to the publick in its prcfent fliape. u^^, f^m the ample ard authentic fads 

It wculd have been more defireaWc to have ^hjch it records, it muft be reforted to hy 

had the accounts of tlie diflfercot panfhes ar- every future ftatcfman, philcfopher, and di- 

ranged by preibytenes, or counties, for the vine, as the heft bafis that has ever yet ap- 

purpofc of connexion, and to prevent repcii- peered for public fpeculation.- 

tioQ, where the circumftances of the diflerent ^. ,, . r 1. j • u 

diflrias were nearly fimilar. But it was not ^*^« P*"^f » <*«/ci ibcd arc in number 

to be expeatd that complete Information, 53 i vis. J'dburgb, Hotywod, Port ftt- 

- trttk^ Hounam^ Kirk/^icbatl, Sprgvjhn^ 

♦ Wc wifli our good neighbours of North Longformaeus.Laudrr, jiyton, Mr, Carri. 

Britain, who hive already too nuny foreign ^'*'- ^J^yiion, HaUaMtrae rerreglts, Ed- 

^orOs in their language, would not load or ''^^» Untrtvick, Ltftton, Ntwla^di, Ktrb- 

Qtfcure it wUh more. See p^ 54. maidtny finxvaid, Crofnubagl, Pitricv, 

f Sec nn analyfis of this acfoun! of a pa* Ctvington, Troi^utrf, '^J (irr,vo^/dg. Pen- 

fochial in our p. <c6. PQnt, Lramond, Dalmtny, ^$rbitj Ki/itar^, 

^ * .Kcib/sj, 



MtB/off Khigartbf ThuJIom and KiUIU^, evangrlical principfet, an unihakeii ia« 

Biggsr, DumJf)ire,Ti/fir,Battf(ate,Stran* ttgrity reigned through Dr. Savage's 

rmtrf Keititt Dgliing, Kitrenmu, Arigajkf whole depunmcnti an integrity whicii 

Dunnicben^ Cmrmyite^ Panbridi, Lttnan, difcotcred its reality and Orength bf 

Juchurdtrran, Knlafs^ OmfhUw, Gam- roufing hit indignation at every appear* 

fir» Ga/k, Ltfmore and J^m, Metgle. ance of deceit and duplicity* and ia- 

The four firft are publifheH m a pam- fpirinj? him with a difdatn of all chat 

phlet intituled Sptcimfm of tbt Stattfiical wat mean, bafe, and fervile. 

AtcoMnt $f Scotismd, dra^n ^ fnm tbe « ^,^ 5^ ^, ,^^ ^.^Vm," {ays Mr. 

C^mmMmcauoms 0} tbe Mm^irs 01 tbe jowle, * were above the common fiae. His 

(Otfirent Fmrtjbts. By Sir John Sine latr^ apprehenfioo quick— his memory retentive^ 

Bart, i given out in the begmoing of his jwdgemcni dtfcrimioating— to aO which 

the year, ^ valuable rndowmentt were joined a ilrong 

The principal heads of inquiry are, inclinati. n, anU proportionable capacity, to 

*' name, fituationy jwfact^ air, j^pula- commtmicate his ideas, not indeed funrouDd- 

'* tion, cultivation and produce, many- ed with thofe tinfel omanientSy or arrayed ia 

"faftures, wages, prices, and paorj that g»udy tlrefs, by which foroe ai^ greatly 

«* rents of land, church, and ftipendj captivated, but attended with what is much 

" mineral fprings and roads j manners, ^"^ dcferving efteem— perfpicuity-.prect* 

«• cuttoms, mifcellaneous obfervatioos, fi«J--»nd accuracy. 

4€ :^mt,.AiJ^ ...»:^..;.;>. »» fu^ /l ««* Btertty attatMmmtt were a treaniTt 

Jf R n r^./ K ? „ V • • "^"^ '^^^ « By the blefling of God, 00 «cte«- 

•f BalUntrae has no perfon ^ it con- ^^^ ^j^^ ^ clofe iludy ho acquiroj 

liedeti with the law. not even a conlU- j^j^^ning. both various and valuable; info- 

ble or iheriff»i oftcer, nor a juOice of „uch, that whoever does jofticeto hischa- 

the peace, and the flicriff's court is 36 raster, in r/«i|>art of it, muft acknowledge— 

miles diAant; there is no furgeon or be wst an emiHtmt/y karutd mam, 

j}hyficiao within 12 miVs, and it is '« By the advice and under the patronage 

doubted whether half a dozen fuch pa* of good judges— after a courfe oif fnitable 

riflics would gtve brtad to one. We preparatory ftudies, which he pafled through 

pfcfume the fpiritual paflor fupplies all w»^b reputation and advantage — ho wai 

ftbclc wants. brought forward into public Ife, For many 

years he was psflw of that Chnftian Society 

MT-i.*— /• r>_j» • t_^ * of ProteftantDiflTenters of the Congregational 

py. fr^amg /or God 8 SalvaH»ii,^jf Smmm, Deooraination, where the greaUy venerable 

0ceafim*td by tbe Demtb •/ *.•« Rev, Samad Dr. John Owcn, the eminently learned Mr. 

Morton Savage, D,D, w^ departed this David Clarkfon, the truly ingenious and pi- 

£/« FdwTiary ai, 1791, m tbe Smeentittb ^us Dr. Ifaac Watts, and thcjuftly-efteenaed 

Te^rfbitjlge. ^jr Wiliiaro Bennet To 14 p. Samnel Price— not to mentbn other 

^btdf a added. An Mdrejt eu tbe Graven names defervcdly honoured in the rcUgious 

by Thomas Towle, B,D, world— fuftained tlic fame facred charaaer. 

THIS Sermon, from Gen. xlix. 18, Nor was.//.i. — honourable as thii was — the 

Ijpcaks the language of the orthodox only pulilic departnietit for which Providence 

puritans and dealers in txper'unai of had deugncd him. After having conduacd 

the lad age, of whom fo few furvivc.— ^^^^ P*"* ^^ ^ \txn\fi^ education, to his own 

The falvation Dr. S. waited for was credit, and to the appi-obaiion of tUofc with 

very d.ffercnt from that ivhich bis friend ^:»»«"™ \ ^^ conneaed, be v>aiS^ud m tbe 

Dr.' Price fieg his Hun< dimiiiu upon, f ^''"'»' ^f llu' 't"\^ .""^TJ^^i ^3TC^ 

x» t ^ A e 1- V Learnin£ » where the Rev. ur, David Jta- 

Both arc removed from the prefeot ^ ^f„ yeai^ wonhUy and Iwi^r- 

fccne of turbulence in itligioo and po. ^^y prefided. 

Juicks, to contemplate the true princi- *< juat imf>arthli4y which I defire ever to 

pies of both in ;heir full dilplay j or, if maintain coiirtiains mo here ii» fay, lUat 

we believe certdin phil<»fopljers, to a- tliough there were many who highly efteem- 

wait the confummanon of all things in ed liim, and to whom Ite was greatly ufeful, 

the nient flcep of the grave, till Con- in both thefc dejurtmcits — of whofe regard 

fcioufnefs, as i%ell as Exitlcncc, be re- lie rcUincd and cxprelfcd a grateful fenfe to 

flored, and DoaiTS Fncftley and P»i.c ^»« ^7 ^^ 1»* death— it muft be acknow- 

Ihall havt fomcih.ng tlfe to do than to !«*'««* his-/>/d/<«f fucccfc was not fuch as, 

talk over the fate of ftates atid empires, ^*'?"? **'» P'^^* abilities, and l";"«ng» fome 

and the freflieft news from France .nd ["•&»« «xpea. Tbe ceuj.. cftbuf.Mxh^ pre 

E.J u f u . c L\ II lent /«m- and ;»/.i<# Will not pemiic me to in- 

ngland, uholc thtarrcs of adlioa Will .^ ' ^ 

have been long annihilated. ^ ^ fcminnry chiefly fnrported by the 

From Mr. To\^.'c** Add.efs we learn, lihej^ity of W»Ui:«m Coward, hfq. of VVol* 

tliat, under ihd iuflutncc of Chnftian tluniilow; wlw) died i*i 1738. 

t vefti^atd 



I7^i.3 



Jttvitw of fftw PuiStMititu, 



65) 



yeftigate or <teclarc— 1>at, whatever they 

night h«, or fboulU it even be fupi>dfed tliat 

any thing trm^nat wns attached t6 them, 

juftice to the chara^rr of t^e deceafeU 

Obliges me to add ifiy foil perfuafion, tliat no 

€rimm*.'vy r^Jhd tvirh h m^ MulV eafneftly 

did he defire that the great ends, in order to 

the attainment of which he was actvani ed to 

the ft^tiiins he filtbd, might be faithfully and 

pundl lally accomplifhed. Fortius purpofcy 

ne Laboured with indefatigable zeal :*nd dili- tucs of the departed Howard there feemt 

getice. When he h.»d reafon to fear his la- to exift but one opinion, amongft all 

l»iirs were not fuccefsful, tuc .thought ranks and chara^ers of men. Even 

pierced his heart with an angiiifh peculiarly thcv who intimate that his conduft \Va» 

pungent— but when there was ground to hope tinSured with cniliufiafm alio* it to bt 

lhatfuccefscrownedthem,hi$ whole f..ul was ^^ cnihuriafm of the moft amiable na- 



detth-bed, on i\it tarfy death dF " a 
** mofl lovely and highly - favoured 
*' youth,, a dutiful and only Ton, th« 
" joy of his parents, the hope of his 
** Family, An tltuRrimis oroameot and 
*• paittrn of his age.** 

99, The tutogies of Howard. A Vlfion. 
CONCERNING the ments and vir- 



filled with fcnf-<tioiis exquiAtely delightful. 

•* Snch was my dcce;tfcd brother in tht 
pmhhc cbs'affen under wl.ich he appeared ; 
• general (ketch of the manner in which he 



ture, tquaUy defcrvingof imitation and 
reward. The pen which produced the 
prefcnt performance it certainly nomeaa 



demeaned himfelf in •ibtr jitunhm may be o"*^* 8"^ '""^ have its €ffe6k m contri- 

•3^peaed. and (hall be briefly given. buting to the final accomphfhmcnt of 

" View him in bh family, tbt'^c you fee what the friends of Benevolence afld 

the indulgent hufbuul, the tender patent, Howard have in view. This beatijic 

the g(X)d maimer, having the happinefs to re- vi(ion reprefcnrs ano^hier and a better 

ceive faiiable returns from thofo to whom world, in which the three more didin- 



he ilood in thefe relati«ms. Attend to him 
BTOong bit fritndt; 10 tb'm his attachments 
>vere fincere, ardent, and (leady. Confider 
him as a member ef tbst large political btJy^^ 



gui(hed Proftlfions concur* in acknow- 
ledging the-Tervices of Howard to man- 
kind 10 have defcrvtd a peritiatient and 

irttmortal coropenfation. Three diflcrent 
Thk state: gmnuie love to his country tr.,i«„* ^ -,. ^..««^.,r.^«^ ;.* k:- «,«.- 
^ • i i • w ^ J u * . ^ ^1 i!«ul02ies are pronounced in nis name, 
Wanned hi«; heart, moved his tongue, and u .C ft .fi ■ u ^ti l 

__!-i_.^.i l:« -aiL^- a- . * t L..a by three illuitruous characters, in the 

/ipmtatg bioven afligntd to the prpfef- 

fors of Divinity, Medicine, and Law. A 

Funeral Serau>n is added i which, per** 

haps, with rtCpe€t to the compofition, is 

the btft pan of the work. The whole 

is tnrirled to our ptaife, and has our 

beft wifhes for its fucc^fs. 



regulated his a<f>ions. As a good fttbjt&^ 
while hedete(ted — and, on proper occafions, 
cxprefTed his deteftation'of all fot^ious, fedi< 
ttons, and rebellious ptinciples and pra^ice; 
—he honoured the King, obeyed the Laws, 
ami highly valued nur well-framed Confti- 
totinn. Indeed, uuder the direction of his 
confdence, he was a Dlfftnur / «m tbi EJtab* 
hfrtd Church •/ tbh fciwrry— but, while he 
tbankfiiily accepted the liberty the Conftltu- 
tioo gave htm, of acting up to his feotinienu, 
tts fucht his words and actions uniformly ex- 
prelTed a firm ptrfuafion tliat ibe Sjimt 
Ihould be conduced, as with reiblution and 
fteadine(s, fo with decency and pirudence. 
Trace him in his beliaviour among m4nkiad 



ibo. Tbe Aboriginal Brittnu A Trme Poem^ 
» Jf>oken in tbe Tbeotre at Oxford, July vili> 

MDccxci. By George Richards, B. A, 

FtUcw 0/ Oriel College. 

THIS is one of thofe original efa« 
lions of Genius which burft out when 



«f /*rg*— though rather difjxrfed to retire- leaft expeaed. The author's talents 

Aeot and (olitude — tbert you will find him are here developed ; and', from the 

ja((, benevolent, and honourable-^habitnally compofition as well as the fpirit w hh 

Ming 00 go(pel principleS'^under tlie influ- which it was delivered in ihcThcatre'TC* 

cnce of that equitable and lovely precept of Oxford, on the 8ih iAAant> as well at 

Dur Divine M^dtr -^ IVbatfuvtr yc wcuJd previbully rchearfcd, we augur well for 

tbmi men Jhould Jo unto y$t,,dsytevtMj»uni$ hii poetic fplrit, notwuhftanding the 

ihtm. p,4a— ^. Uttlt fymptoros he (hewed oF it on hit 

o mr L J J M f fie 1 MI fivft fettlcmcnt in the UoiVer(ity. Thia 

•ifr. lohn^oiel, x^ho diJai Hackney, ^*1»» *>* is indebted to the munificence 

DtczA, 17^0, in tbfTt^^r/^toodnnrof «f " unknown beoefaaor, who laft 

hii jfye. To vfbicb it 0d44<U }<m* Account y«ar f^nt a letter, wruten in a concealed 

^bh Siftir^ Mij'i Sophia Vowel, wi» died hand> to the Vice-chancellor, inclofin^ 

M tbt jtb of tbejame Moitb, in tbe Sixtetntb a bank->note of aol. With a fub)e6t for a 

Tesr 0/ her ji^i, j^ W. Bonnet. poem. We do nee recoiled to have 

AN afft:£kine dlkourfe, from £cclef. read a more animated coropolition iince 

xi* 9, a teat cholcn by himfelf oik hit Mr. Howard's Cinqiurfi 0/ ^ebgtf in 



6^8 



JS^iview o/s Niw PuUUatwu. 



mr* 



^76S, Itnd Af r. LtpfeQcnbe, Oitibi Love 
, of our Coaniry, in ^771 5 *^^ ^^^ canopc 
rcfift the plcafiirc of tranfcribing bit 
diOrription of the Britiih fpirit: 

" Thus fought Briianok*^ fans— bat, wh«n 
o'erihrown, [fhonc. 

More keen and fierce the flame of Freedom month. 

Ve wootls, whofc cold and length*ncd trafts 
of (b.^de 

Roieoa Che day tvhen fun andfbrs were mnJc ; 

, Wares of Loddro, that from the mouiiuins' 
• , brow. 



Lee-court, m Kent.— >Mr. R- .^» edu- 
cated at Chrill*t-korpital, Lon^pn; a^d 
is foQ of Mr. R. vicar of Rainham in. 
Kent, to which he was prefented ia 
1777* ^y ArchbiQiop C«rnwal)ls« See 
our Hidorical Cbronide of the prcfcAC 



lot* TbtLoufsd^ OM Htroi'Comie Poemm 
Cam9 HI. By Fcter Pindar, £ff* 

SOMETHING, perhaps, too mvtch 
of rhis difj^uhiog fubjeft i in which* 



Ttimble their «kK>d,and (bake th«V3lc below; i^.vcKcr, are fome exquifite pearis io M 
Ma|e<bcSk|diUw,roundwl>ofetr^^^^^ ftrin^ uf bisutiful fimihes, whence one 

Mid the bright futUhine, darkiume teropcfts /jj^|| j^^ ieU6le»1 

fwcf p ; 
To you the pr.rriot fled : his native land 
He fpum'd, when pr(»ifei'd by a cowju'ror's 

liand, 
In you to roam at large ; to lay his head 
On the bleak rock, unclad, tmhoiis'd, unfed ; 
Hid in the aguifh fcn whole dj»js to reft, 
Tbe nombing waters gatbex'd rx>uiid his 

bread: 
Te fee defpondence cloud eacli rifiog morn, 
And dark defpair hang o'er the years unborn. S wtct wrecks of beauty I though, with afpic 



** Not with Uis gie^ an old and helplfft 
maid 
Surveys the fun afcending from the fliade $ 
A i\nu that gives a younger iifter*s charm% 
So hated, to a bridegroom's happy arms t 
Not u'itli leis joy, that raging chafte old maid 
Scos the frail fair-ones in the Cyprian tra/Ac 
Kfcapc the whip and gjol, and hempbefidt. 
By meaitsof e«nf/r Mistek Juti icaHYi 



Yet here, even here,. he greatly dAr*d to be, 
And drain the lufci< u> dregs of Liberty ; 
Outcahof Nature, fainting, wafted, wan. 
To breathe an air his own, and live a manl 
" Bat when, with conqueft crown*d, he 
taught his foes [ftows. 

What frea-born man on finee-bom man bo- 
He, in the pride and uifdence of war. 
Ne'er hound the indignant captive to his car, 
- Nor with ignoble toils, or fervile cliains, 
Dehas'd the blood that fwelk the hero s veins j 
Nor meanly barter'd for unworthy gold 
The foul tliaC animates the human mould : 
But reverenc'd kindred valour, though o'er* 

thrown; 
DlUain'd to hear a warrior meanly moan : 
Gave him to die, and by that geu'roiis blow 
Reftor'd that fitedom he liad loft below. 
For firaple Nature taught his Ibul to rife 



eye, [by, 

And fbuce difdainfnl, Piuoaav pa(i tli«i*i 
Willi miiKing itep^ and fquintiog caudoos 

dread. 
As though their looks alone contagion fhed.*-* 
J viiw eacli pallid wkstcb with grief 

fincere. 
And call on Pi T Y for her tend'reft tear ; 
Soe, on their cheeks, the bluftiof Virtus 

burn ; fmotim ; 

Hear, from their (oak, the ligh oi Kv\h 
View, veird in Hoard R't gloom, their 

fwimming eyes. 
Beaming with liopeleTs withes to the fkies^ 
Like the pale Moon's dim, foUtary form, 
Wrapp'd in the darkiieft of the midnighC 

ftorm." 
For the former cantos fee our vol. 
LV. p. 817 J vol. LtVI. p. 519. 



To nobler powers, and realms bcyom^ the 

Ikies J [ne'er joa. Tbc R'tgbtt of lCingt\ tr, LmI OJet tt 

Though to his view the abnighty voice had Difi^yai Acmdtmicianu Bf Peter Pindar, £/y. 

Suy'd the proud fun amid hisbright career ; u TKUS,at the foleran,ftilK and funFefshonr, 



Foer'dfrom the flinty rock the cry ftal ft ream, 
Or Ihed on f>ghtlefs eyes the gladfome beam ^ 
Bade the deep waters of tlie main divide, 
Aad ope an highway thro' the paihle{s tide j 
Or ftifien'd corics, cold and pale in deatli, 
Blufh with new life, and heave ag^dn with 

breath; 
Yet, gazing round him, lie beheld the God 
Hold, in all Natore's works, his dread abode : 
He faw him beaming in the filvcr moon. 
Effulgent bundng in the blaze of noon ; 
On the dark bofora of the ftorm reclin'd, 
Speaking in thunder, riding on the wind ; 



When to their fports the inieA nations poor^ 
J n 3117 tumult Weft, the ligluwing'd throofy 

Thoughtlefs of enemies in ambufcatle, 
Hums to Night's Uft'ningear the choral fongy 

And wantons through the boundlefs Add 

of (hade. [gloomy 

When lo 1 the moufe*faeed d jtmon of ther 

Efpy ing hungry, meditates tlieir doom* 

Bounce from his hole fo fecret buffts the ^, 

To honour, moderation, mercy /loft. 

Behold him iblty on the humming holt> 



And murd'roos overturn tlie tribes el ^im/. 
^, . ._.,. Nimbly from right to left like Ti^^ wheel, 
Aod,;mid.the earthquake's aur fill not hurl d, ^nd (hap ten thoniand pnfooers at a meat- 
Shaking the deepfoandatiopftof the world." 

The poem is hindfomcly infcnbed to ,o3.(X//i /» JVfr. Paine, -A/^oroA«<YA< Rigbtt 
the Hon. Lewis Tiiorou WaUon, of gj Af^/ m tbt mf^dU C^Uhtotin *f tU 



1 79'- J Ari^ Littrary hulligenci. — Index IncHltotorms. ^59^ 

* 

Dttuit/tUB/theTtmtlhim^lrif iyMSfti/ dolphui the Great, by J. Hallenberfr, 

BritUh^««F*wf,o*rA#i4/*#/ July. Bj hiftorio^raphrr rayai: the two fir ft Vow. 

Peter PMfer, ffrtf. ■ Itimef, from hit birth to 1^x3; cdbialn- 

FOR once Ttttt and \vt are on tbe ing only the fir ft fourteen montht of his 

famiffidc. In ths wnUm with Pindar reign. Profeffor MolUr, of Oripfwald, 

we glory ; tttdy were it not for the bt e- pftomifes a Germao iraoilation. 
vity of hi» odes, and the charge of pla* ' 

giarifnf, thoogti Hot colored hi Sta- INDEX I N D I G AT O R I U S. 
lioncrs'-hAM, we could tranfcribe the ACohstaht Cor«i!.fohdsnt dfcfircs 

whole. Takci howtrer, the Concluding to know by what amhorhy, or for what 

^OD g • reofon, the prefent worthy Bilhop of London, 

•* Come, good felIow» all — Cenfufion '« tlie infteaU of addreffing the prayer kk cachper^.- 

Soaft, fof) as he lays hk hands <m him or her feve- 

And fuccefs to our excellent caafe{>-> rali*^, as the i-ubric qF Confirmation enjoins. 

As Wd'vo DoChing to kfi, lo, nought can be grrmpes together aS mSny perfons is the rail , 

lofty of the comniimion-foMe wilt hold, and fayr 

$«y perdition to Monarchs ami Laws! it once over that number colleAirely. It 

«1 France ftiewa us the way-an ixatnplf '* ct^nceived t!.ei-e would be juft the fame^ 

how great!- authority for giving tlie bread or cup to m 

. Tiien, iikc Fnnce,let us fUr up a noes ^^^>^i' ff commuiiicaptsi and pronottfidhg 

May our names be prefervM by fame damna- ^^ "^'^^ «*^ »«" **»• '^^clvc at ortcc, mlleud 



bleleatl 
. For wVk> bat a wretch would lie quiet ? 

**'As we ^1 are poor rogues, 'tis moft cer- 
tainly rijht 
At the doors of the rich ones to thunder; , 
Like tlie thieves who ^ Are to a dwelling 
by nijht, 
And come in for a (hare of the plunder. 



«*f to each pcrfon' feparately ; which innova-. 
tion, it feems, was adopted hy the late BHbop* 
Hallifax, when he was minitter of St. £d- 
^^d's church at Cambridge. 

The records of the PiincipaUty of Wales, 
which ufed to be kept in Ludlow caftle, are 
faid to iuve been removed to Loadon fooi^ 
after the Principality coutt ^was diilblved by 
King WilHam. K. C. will be much obliged. 



^' Whoever for mifchief invents Uie beft plan, ti> any of "Mr. Urban*? intelligent conefpof]/^ 

Belt murders, fets fire, and knocks down, dents who can inform him wliether tl^efi re- 

Tlie votes of our Club ihail be giv'u to ^lat cords, about wt)ich he hxs n^a<te fome fruit* 

lefs inquiries, are now extant, and where, 
they are to be found. 

C. C. fays, « P. 4'>7, inrtead of ' the vi«e$- 
* of Kil and /Cel/ pleafe to read 'thcvilles 
*^f Kelmackena and KelmokeUodk ;* whfch 



man, 
Aod htmkck ihall fbembkn a orown. 

<f Our empire hai tower'd wkh a toftre too 
long; 
Then Mu out this wonderful funi 



let us arm then at ooce, and, iir confidence ^?'? ^"«<^ }^ . ^^^'P ^« W]8;"^*» , ([• « 



Philip de Braofe) in the reign of King John ; 
aud inilead of Aifdphiniic read AKdphinaR., 
Query, are the modem Kilkimy arid Ktlmal*- 
U(i the two places there defigned i 

' O.R. alks, Will the Critkal Rericwera 
undertake -to prove then* adertion, in their 
review of «* Sotheby's Pocnw** laft meaeh, 
that Bslhtci and Palmyra are tBefamt T 

' Q:.Q; wiflies^ to purcbafe the " Life of Bp.- 
TaylorrbyMr.Wliddon/T7b9»" mentioned 
in p. 515} having repeoiedly enquired for it 
in vjila- 

Am old Magazine CoaaBsroNDiKT 



ftrong, 
Complete what dark G» - o begda« 

^Bttt gr«ot a defistt— we're hang*d| ^ 
jchat *s all ; 
A punflhment fig^ht as a feather : 
Yet we triumph in death, a^we Catilines faHi 
' And go to the Devil togetlier." 

FomilOlf LlTERART IsrtELLlOBirCE. 

We are happy to announce the arrival 
<^f the IVth volume of Schweighaufer's 
f§ijfkims (J[9t Tol. LX. p. 1032.) It con* 

^iot the fragmfCDit of the remainiiog lias our heft tlianks. The '^ Coiuinuatiun" 

books, from tbe fixteenth to the for* he alks after (hail be refumed.— Of the 

tieth, iDclufive^ with a cbronologieal Seven Tokens we have Five; and beg cq 

index; and it to be followed by two *^ favoured with the Originals of thoie oT 

more volumes of notes aod difleriations. ** N-' Smith" and " J. Colfon/J 

The Oxford Pofyhim keeps pace with . ThePAiNTsoO. AssfromH^ALYHALt. 

the Leipfic; and of the Oxford Strain m»>urnext, w,t h the View of Plac House 

' » A A. • atfioRToN; Mr.OwiNontheWBLSM In* 

are pi inteo rt5 ipeets. diaks; L. L.on LordCLARtNooN; M.S. 

At ^lirr*W* have jufk becu pubhfli. on -Mekny H.;" SvtvAMisUa.Ai.us 

ed, by Baron Rofcnhant, a ixclUtxccut* UnKt*iii Milto^o; the *' Plan for grow. 

ed Supplement to Bcrch's Medallic Hif- fng Locuft Trees;" Mr. Eldeeton on tl>e 

lory of tbe Kings of Sweden, and a Vin«i Phucuros; Mr. Locxe's Epi- 

Uiftory of Sweden under Suftavus A* taph, Sec. &c. A^c. 

SONNET, 



66o SiUa P9^^ Andm and M»Am^for July; 1791. 

8 tO N N E T, Yet. Henry, thy Lomik's breaft 

Fi lotEPii W.tTow ♦• ''^"' K*"^* Stranger, feck the Yoothl 

TTOLD, impious Akaichy. that hfted 5^ ^j^^^ ^^ ^^^ j^^ p^^^^ ^^^j^^ 

J^ Hand! ^ - , m'-^'''^* Hci £aithN bofom's anguuh fpeak I 

Paufe-— ere Ihe Blow, the firan^ic Blow, b* * j 

\\ Aich, ftahbing Ueaveo'f Anointed, ftabs Tell him, in vam all arts are tried, 

at Heav'n I ^^ ^*" ^'^ i't'ercourfe dened 1 

Suffii^c it, 1 Y RANT, ibat, at thv Comniand, Ev'n Dc .th itfelJ fhall n«)t remove 

twh fecial C' mpaa, each religious Band. LuuiCa's ft.ul from Henry^s love. 

Diffolvcs I while MyriadSi from theii- dear Gloucje'^, July \\. Sit iif . 

Home driv'n, fguifh rivn!) ^ _., ^ „ 7"^*^ 

' (Their widow'd Bitafts by hopelefs An- To THOMAS P£GG5, Gehti^imai^ 

With Wonder, Scorn, and Hate, fill every (Ttvm Bancrdt*s Epigrams ; /r« ^ 5*5»J 

foreign l^and ! t^V J"/ »] Tk 4 E thinkes T m 7 to fugar and to ^\nm 

Deem ft *h°V t r^ R^JiTc^ kTh.! JVl ©lu- loves conipar*, which kind dif. 

love— ever jealous for the Rights of Kmgs a. ▼ a , «,;*TV «- •*- 

Who love thrir P«,ple with a Pa. ». .'. ^j^ ^.^ j;);;;:,-,^ ^ ^^ 

lightnS'S hUBeak-and tlSr^oi ^inne toyoor goodn.n«» y«.to.e^^-^ i 

ALbESOR.CAL SONNET. , •^[i^Dyr.*. A Sketch of *. ^^ctpu. 

' IV iMiTAtiov Of MiiTov. 1 Grofc,'* (fee p 49?.) ^ri't«n » '773» by 

Bj "ibi Samt* an intimate acquaintance, who had the ae« 

W., 4 .^ 1 T^ *u .- •- count of his age from hiir.fclf : he was con* 

HAT pudy FtuTTi... thu», m ^^^^^ ^ ^^ ,.^^^ hUdeceafe, fev^^I 

- . auy Uaoce ^,^^rc«^«- years older than your Obituary miikeshim, 

ran.aft,c,r«,g«-andthe Sw^ttrf Spnng ^^ ^ j^^ >^ .^ ^ ^ ^ 

SirK-atwhofe gilded, .r.i»7>«'r^^rfW.,ig rtkular friends. ■ 

The Bird of Ju NO d^f '/^W Gl»~«. *^ It j, his elder foo, Francis, who is Major 

Aud//r,«/,theSpo.UofA«o»i?-Mark comnandam of the New South Walei 



advance [flingy 



duvauLo .. •r . u- A ^orns, and Deputy Governor of the fertle- 

Jht^.T^^^i3iaci\^ro^-^n6 J/^,^„. He has aTfo left another^ 

Scornful, away-.in many a mazy R.ng ^^ ^,^^ . g. ^^^^^^ ^^'^ 

Whirlmg-'till loft am^the blue Ex panfc ! _^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ 

y.^^^^T^u'\'^'^'^Vn!t^^^^ ' cillery, but now' of the Invalids, is not his 

Now up the high Hill I^'^f^-Jlyj^,^ Pj'" fon, as you defcribe him, but hii only fur- 

Her flagguig Piuion:-.Uembling, pant- ^j^j'^g h^oiher. ^ 

mg»i»le, ,„,ii/il!w If you think the inckfed fugitive piw 

On-oN we ftretch ^-"^r^^^ -^JT^^ worthy to be preferved in your valuable R- 

r.Vvru- '"^'^^ fa^dil^T ponto^,youwillobligeyJuroccafionalcc^. 

Not gain : the Bottiri it is grafp'd- "^P<«*Jcnt, S. D. 

. ASKETCa o» 

A BALLAD. F R A N C I S G R O S E, Efq. F. A.S. 

ON Severn's bank, fay, haft tbmi fecn g^ ^ FRIEND. 

A cai^wom Youth, of pcnfivemicn? * , ^ , 

S^ay . Stranger, haft thou mark d his cheek, SINCE (thanks to Heav'n's high bonaiy I) 

Which doth his fecret fog-ows fpcak ? free, 

... ,. ^ . . , And WeuAvith independency, 

Ah I ncedlefs were his to:rds to prove , ^^^^ ^^om bufy fceoes remote, 

Hjs forrows fpnng from hopeicfs love : 5^^^^ j^jf^y^ in a peaceful col, ^ 

Thjs «Ums with tears erft chcarful eyes y, j^y^ ^^^^ ^^^^ f^^. ^^.^^^ chufc ^^ 

, This fwellsa conftant breaft wiih fighs. ^j-^ proftituie Uwir venal Mufe, 

— ""; . - , fr;; , , . V- And offer inccnfe, with defign 

fl.0,.14 hav. L. infetud, « of the Acculi- |l':'J'J^7«.:S''in fS^^Uy. 
Eton. 

P- ^ei, (almoft at the bottom,) for *' im- Gnos i to my pen a theme fupplies, 

pudctu," I'ead *< iii)patden(." With life and laughter in lus «yes. 

Oh, 



SAa fottry, Amieni and Modtrn^ fw July, 1791. 661 



Oil, bow can 1 forwy wkh pleaTiire 
His hreaft aix) (hoaldcrs* ample meafurr, 
His dimpled chin, his rofjr check, 
Hif flcin from inward liaing fleek I 

When to my hoofc he deif;rt^ to pa(s, 
Thio' miry ways, to cak« n gla^ 
How stadly enf ring in I fee 
Hts belly's vaft rocundiCy I 
But. tho'fofat, he b«ats the leaner 
In eafe and bodily demeanor)— 
And in that mafs of flcfh fe droU 
Reiidcs a focia), gcn'roos fouL 

Hwpfale -and mode/l to exce&y 
IJor confcious of his worthinefs. 
He 's yet too proud to worship State, 
Am) haunt with courtly bend the Great* 
He draws not for an idle word, 
like modem duellifts, his fword } 
Bat ihews, upon a giofs afTront, 
The valour of a BcUaroont. 
On comic themes, in grave difputeSj 
His fen^e the niccft palate foits \ 
And, more, he 's with good-nature bteft^ 
AVkich gives to fenrc fuperior zcft. 

His age if yon are nice to k,now. 
Some two-and- forty years ago 
Edpbrofyne upon his birth 
Sraril'd gradous) and the God of Mirth 
Cer bowk of neaar fpoke his joy. 
And pnimts'd vigour to the boy. 

^^lih Horace if in height compar'di 
He fomewhnt overtops the bard ; 
Like Virgil too, | m*tll confcfs. 
He 's rather negligent in drefs ; 
Rciile6 beftdes, he loves to roam, 
And, when he fcems mod fix'd at home, 
Crows quickly tir'd, and breaks his tether, 
And fcours away, in fpite of weathers 
Ferfaaps by fudden ftart to France, 
Or eUe to Irefand takes a dance. 
Or fdftmes for Italy purfues, 
Or feeks in England other Vuvfi: 
And tbo' ftill plump, and in good cafe. 
He (ails or rides froiri place to place. 
So oft to various pans has been, 
So mych of towns and manners fcen, 
He yet with Learning keeps alliance, 
Par traveled in the field*^ .>f Science ; 
Knows nrwre, I can't tell how, ti»an thofe 
Who^pore whole year* on verfc and profe. 
Ana, while thro' pond'rom works they tod. 
Tore paUid by the midnight eiL 

He 's judg'd, as artift, to inherit 
Fo fmall degree of Hocar li's fpirit \ 
^Vhether he draws, from L'indon air. 
The Cit, fwHk driving in his chair, 
0*eTtum*d with precious furloin's load, 
And frighted M;id»n in the road. 
While to their darling ville they hafte. 
So fine in Aiiatic Ufte ; 
Or baftard fwom to firople Loon ; 
Or Seas that dance to Satan's tgno^ 

Deq>in Antiqnity he *s read ; 
And, tho* at College never bred. 



As much of things anpears to knovr. 
At erit knew LeUnd, Heame^ 6r Stowet 
Brings many a proof and ihrewd COf^'ealira 
Concerning Gothic architeaure i 
Explains Ik)w by mechanic force* 
Was throuoi of old ftone, man, or horie 1 1 
Defcribe^ the kitchen, high and wide. 
That luftv Abbot's paunch fupplied ; 
Of ancient ftruaqres writes the Cune^ 
And on their ruins builds his name. 

Oh late may, by the Fates* decree, 
My friend's mctcmpfychofis be f I 
But, when the time of change ftjall CQRii^ 
And ^tropos (hall fe-d his uoom. 
Round feme old catMe let him play. 
The biifk Kphemeron of a day, 
Then from the fhorl-liv'd race efcat^ 
To pleafe again in human Ihape 1 

AWmv^.t 30, \T'%. 

MEDITATIONS, 

WtlTTlM IN A CHUtCH-TAaO. - 

WHEN night with Rioillentng dewt 
hefpreads the ground. 
And cafts her fable m.intle o'er the fky | 
When fear-created fpe^rcs ftaJk around. 
And thro* chd air foreboding fcreech-owU* 
cry; 

Oft from the hoify fons of mirth and play. 
By penfivc thought and m/ditatioo led, 

Hither with flow and filent Aeps I ftray. 
To mai k tlie gloomy manfions of the dead* 

And as I pafs the lowly graves among. 
And fculptur'd tombs of tlioie of high* 
rais'd pow'r, 

Howdo they tell,with awe-exprelTive tongne, 
" The life of man is as the fading" flow'r I" 

A time lie Aruts in mimic pride and ftat^ 
A time his opening bloir.ms are difplay'df 

But Death's cold hand foon feals his ceitaii^ 
fate — 
And foon, al^s ! he in the groun 1 is laid. 

But fee! the clouds are vaniih'd witn the 
breeze. 
The heav'ns are fair, and Luna's pale* light 
Tips' With a filver hue the.droopingtr«es. 
And brings each lettei 'd tomb-ilone to my 
fight. 

He^Hes,commixed with her kindred mould, 

A Mai ', wlio once with love each bread 

infpir'd, [told, 

Whofe numerous virtues many a vcrfe lias 
Whom aW regarc'ed,and whom all admir*d. 

Ah me I her blooming (>eriod foon was o'er ; 

Scarce twt^ty years were uumber'd as her ' 
own : 
The gazing crowd (he captivates no more;(^ ** 

But ev'ry beauty, evry grace is flown I 



« See the Pre6Ke to Engli(h Antiquities, 

p. IT. 

f 'Our Antiquary was a little partial t* 
the doartbe of traniiaftigratioii. 

. Mark 



6fe Mi^ P^^yt AHciini and Modtm^ for July, 1791* 



Mark thi^ y« tliouf htleiii Tirgint of ottr i%} 
Kor boaft ypiir clUinnsy your h^hss, or 
your birth : 

The flowery path is trod bat for a while. 
And lo weflomber io the chiUy earth X 

Befmrttnilders one, tvhofc avaricious foul. 

Intent on nought but ufury and gain, 
lie'r r dro|>t his m itt into the '* beggar's bow 1 ; 



ft 



Yet yoo prDodboft, tfaatretrs its htadlbhight 
And £bndt a Stacelinan's honours to de- 
clare, , 

In no one binsaft txxaim t ponfi\r»iigl^ 
Akho' his grave be moift with many a comt. 

For, ah ! he liv'd the poor man^s conftant 
firiend, [round f 

And fed with fearing ears the pariih 



At whufe barr'd gate Olllrelis might weep His pious doctrines foa(h*d the linuer's eod^ 
in vain. And woe in him. a kind reliever found. 

O fordid wrcldi ! howufelcftjaow thy wealth, Kor fcom, my Miife, this uirf-coricealed clod. 



perpetual fource of am:iou& care and ftnfe ! 
K^ all couJd buy that precious jewel health, 
Nor add one moment tu iliy Ul-fpcut life. 

Here lies a Bard, who once his wanly p»ge 
W ithglowing precepts fcU'd in Virtue's aid ; 
But, leK to pcritti by a thankicO iti,e, 



Where relh a Peafant from his daily toil. 
Whole honeft heart with rufbc nurth o^er- 
flow'd, 
Whofe part it was to turn the yielding fotU 

Oft hjrre I feen, him prcfs the ufefnl plough. 
And reap thb harveft of his fmall domain | 
His woe- worn brtail Uu; debt of Nature Oft lay with founding axe the forcft low, 
paid. And beat with echoing ftroke tlie ripeo'd 

Blu&y bluCb, y« rich> arrSy'd ih poMp atid grain. 

-; ^^^* , ,• . >. i^^'^^ No hateful anger in his bofora rofe, 

^l"^^ wilJTw '*^"' "-'l^^fi >car»weni ^.^ gripinglv'rice dwelt beneath hisroof ; 

Hlfttftbfave others from the bke hard ^te, ^^ confciourguiU difturb'd his c;.lm repofe, - 

And chenfti Genius fons, and W:fdom s ^^^ wilh'd he nroie than Nature deem'd 

*°''^- enough, 

Befide this ftonc a tender Infant fleeps, , ,., . . 

Who in its craiHc's bed reHgu'd its breath ; ^^^ ^ ^'^^ ^»™ ^^ ^"^"^ moments fpend I 



Whofs early lofs a feeling mother wteps, 
And bbmer, unthinking blameS| the work 
of Death. 

Ah, Viappy innocent, how fweet Ihy reft ! 

* Nohon id crimes are heap*d upon thy head ; 
Ko hurtful paffions rag*d within thy bread, 

- Kor were thy fliorten'd days in rois'ry led. 

But fay, wlwi means this laurel-crowned bull ? 

This loU> monument? thistrophied tamU ? To Af//j Tuom azina 



May fuch contentment reign within tbtc 
breaft! . 
So Ihall my foul, v hene'er it meets herendi^ 

Partake u itb. h n\ of happlneis and reft. 
Euikertbnmj No'^foi':. J. JB, 



ELEGY, 
By Mrs. CATHARINE STEPHENS: 



Lies here the famous Chieftain, tum'dtoduft ? 
'And (hares the warrk>r-prince the com- 
mon doom ? 

What ! could not he, fo valiant in the 6eld, 
So pow'rful, great, and terrible in fight, 

Againft the lance of Fate oppofe the (liield, 
And raft fecurely on his ftr ength and might ? 



at pover. 

WHILE poignant Pain aflailsmy fedd* 
frame. 
And Sorrow's arrows rankle in my h^ut. 
My voice, with fighs forchar^'d, repeau thy 
nama, [part. 

And ipoums the heavy hour that law uc 



)?0S, All the wreaths are wrefted from his Then do my thoughts recall thofe ludd days, 
brow, ^ When the fierce fever ravin'd in my ve'ms. 

And all his boafled prowefs overthrown \ Then do I ice theo raife thy beauteous eyes. 



And heire he lits, jte fittfnt and as low 
As theweak coward, or the roeaneft clown. 

How futile now the decoi^ted urn ! 

The coftly ornaments of pride how vain I 
Since, when once paft th* irremeable bourn, 

Tk' entombed body is but dull again. 

So thought the venerable M:ln, who long 

Ador'd his Maker in this Houfe of Prayer j 
Who taught his flock to raife the holy fong, 



Aud pray to mitigate, or Ihare my pains. 

Tranfcendant teft of love, that wants a name 1 
Scarce would that gentle fpirit tade of reft* 

Chaftning the midnight gloum iba dear our 
came. 
And foftly footh*d the forrows of my bread. 

Ere the ilill hours unveii'd the brow of day, 
Again ihe rofe— approach'd with tiro'ruus 
tread — 



And worfhip Heaven with reverend k>va Anxious the Ihadowing curtains tam'd away, 
and fear. And hung undaunted o'er th' infedliuu» bed. 

And, O my Sifter ! not the vital air. 
To foine poor wretch "fcap'd Suffocation's 
pow'r, 
EVr blew fo grateful, k\nguid fcnfe to cl>eer, 
A' thy dear pi e fence |>i ovV ttuil liaplef* honr. 

Hapkfg, 



For fee, this ftone, fo humble and fo low, 
Obfcur'd beneath the weeping wiUow's 
ftiade. 

Alone remains to let the Oran[ er 'know, 
That here Chrift's fUiih J N inUler ui i. kl. 



Ri^^t^ iiHleed !^-4iiC now, thk fteaUag and entire refigoation to cbe X>ivioe Wjj^ 

Time departed this life 23 Jvdy^ 1 768, |ged4a. 

Bi^mc the paft terrific few review, ^ fo^doefsof heart jQdfweetacftgf tanner, 

Where bnc, fu jultiy dear, in life s gay prioie, innocence of mind and gfum^^U nun! 

lAwkd — Jiwgnag kok**^-^ kxig — a Uit ''""""" *^^ 
adieu t— 



I gne around-^hen upward cift my eve;:-^ 
Li(b, light<, and rerdure, aii my an^iiilh 

Afi, renfttiefs fun ! I cry, as brifrht you riCe, 
As when you rofe to look upon my love. 

Wdl, be it fo !— for he rctir*^ from day 
To cafte the fcelins fcaft tliai few can 
know, 
Gently to 'rafe the Orphan's tear away, 
And ioinhc with fufteil voice the wail of 
Woe. 

Tethecihe Foft'rer ftretch'd the fricmlly 

h:ui<!» 

A more Chan father to thy helpTefs yiHJCh ; 

t^m Fortune's wreck he bore tltee f^ifc to 

laml, 

And led thee on to knowledge and to truth* 

All this you know — yet — O (orgive the verfe 
' Tliat fcaAs remembrance o'er my ravag'd 

Like age— my love, obtmftve of dlfcourfe. 
Dwells on its theme-^and ceafcsbut to f:gK f 

Tmk R0S£> a SOM^ET. 
By tht Smme. 

ZEPHYR, eoamourM of the op'ning 
Rost, 
. VV ith manv a wooing figh her beauty greetK } 
Whiiei difUy mov'd, her blulhiog head ihe 
buwsy 
And, coldly coy, refigns her treafur'd fweets. 
Lo ! now half-rais'd, again her face (he (hows, 
The fportive fpoilcr's am*ruus breath to 
meet : 
And now the fenfeleft wanderer ruder grows, 
And lays her faded charms baieath our feeL 

Ah ! foft remembrancer of certain fate,' 
Thns are thy beauties wafted o'er the wild i 

And do my giddy mates, ia life elate, 
By Pleafare's gay, enainel*d paths begml'd, 
Thus lonely Wave me o!er Oiy withering 

bloom, 
Todrop thetcar-«*QDd contenpiatecheton^? 

Mr. Uksah, 

THE epitaph foJbjoiaed, being infinitely 
foperior to the common pm of fimilar 
produ^ioos, almoft demands a place in your 
tahnble Mifcenany. M. H. f.S,A, 

SACREP to the memory of 

EtIZABKTfl, 

>Rr% of Thomas H<7TCRitsoK, A.B. 

rc^or of this parifh ♦ : 

who, after a hm^and painful illnef% 

%hich (he bore with mdft exempbrf patience^ 

• tkttitMe in Kent 



nersy 

Equalled by few, exceeded by ngoe. 

In filial piety aiid conjugal affedion. 

And univerfal ten«leroets of dirp<>fittoUy 

An 01 nament and an example to her fex. 

Tbefe virtues, and thefe accolllplt^lmenl^ 

Rendered htrlife an inlraluable bleding. 

And Iter death an unfpeakaUe a/aLQi^ 



•^m 



O 



T. E D £ U M. 

G 1) I to prahe Thee u'e a(pic« ; 



To praifc Thee, our Almighty Loi4 J 
Thou, Hmh), our Everiafting Sir^i 
By all creation an ador'd ! 

To Thee all Angels fervent cry ; 

Heav'n, and the Pow'rs that Heav'n cai- 
Cherubs and Seraphim on high, [tains'^ 

Thee chaunt in never-dying attains* 
Thee Iwly, holy, lK)ly, call I 

Lord God of Siabauth I Eileuce fole t 
Thy Majefty polfcircs all 1 

Thy glury fliines from pole to pole ! 
The Apoftohc Band, O King I 

The Choir of SeerF, Thee, Tliee aiow I 
The noble Uoit of Mnrtyrs fing t 

The UuiverfalChurdi implore I 
The Sire, of MajeAy immenfe ; 

The honoor'd, •true, aiul only Son | 
The Spirit, who canA grace i\i([m\ipf 

And cumfort, to a world undone 1 

O Chrift, the King of Glory Thon ; 

Th* iiimiortal Oit^pring of tlie Ske t 
Who didil to earth fur mortals bow. 

And Crom a Virgin birth acquire s 

When Thou didft Dealh and HeQ defeat. 

Thou madeit life and Heav'n our own : 
At God's right-hand, lo 1 thine the iieac. 

On thy great Father's glorious throne 1 
Thy advent we expc^, our Judge ! 

Then fave Ihy fervauts^ Lord, we pray ; 
Since Thou thy blood would'ft not begrudge. 

To wa(h oiir dcep<dyed (tains away. 

Us with thy Saints O deign to iHace, 

And let us enJlefs joy polFefs : 
Lord, fave thy people Uu-o* thy grace, 

Vouchfafc thine heritage to Wcfs ! 

Role them, ami raife tbem fnom the duft f-^^ 
To Thee we daily praifes feoil | 

Thee we adt)re our fingle trull, 
Till the great unive«-fe (hall end. 

JLord, ns from ills to-day defend, 

And let us no mifcoududt iife ; . 
To us compaffionate attend, 

Nor heav'idy charky re^e. 
On us let thy bright mercy (hlne, * 

Good Goil, as we confide in Tltee 1^ 
Liord, we o\ttfeives to thee refigu) 

O let OS ne'er confiditon fee I 

Ox 



464 SiUa f^^ry^ AndifU and Mbiem^ far July, 17^1. 



On BiAaiKO Miit A—— W — :— , OF 

YoftK, PLAYING A MOUtNFUL SoN- 

vtTy akd accompamyino it Witll 
ffitii Voici* 

So Sappho tunM th' .Sollan lyre. 
While fall the tears of anguidi fle\)ir| 
She moorn'd an ill-requ)ted fire. 

Ami Fhaot) caus*«l the warbler*s, woe. 

Would yooy dear Maid, a Sappho prove. 
Thy Phaon foon would hear the ilrain, 

>fwl feel die glow of mutual love 
Spread o*er bis panting bread again. 

^ Amatok. 



SONNET TO HOPE. 

SWE^T Nymph, whofe joys, benign and 
pure, 
Extend like Sol's refulgent rays, 
Ob deign on me thy balm to Ihower, 

And cheer mc thro' life's devious ways 1 
No more re-a^ the fubtle Syren's part, 

Who only lures her eafy vi<flims to dcftroy ; 
Nor lull to reit each reccfs of my heait 

With ftattVing fmilesof vain, d^lufive joy. 
But tranquil come, each wiCi'd-for comfort 
bring. 
When fad, defi>onding forrows lowr i 
Thrice-gratefiil then to thee I'll fing, 

AW ever praifc tliy genial pow'r. G. B. 

SONNET, 

to tni authotl of dramatic 
Sketches of Northern Mytuolooy* 

WHY is the harp, by Braga's finger 
ftrung 
With the fmooth gold of his Idun.Vs hair, 
On yon pale willow 2II negkdled hung, 
And vocal only to the wand'ring air } 
Round its fweet tones the iilt'ning Elves have 
clung. 
What time they to the cooler brim repair 
Of moonlight brook, by flow'ry Ihades o*er- 



fwung, 



[care. 



To coil the glittering dance, their furomer- 
Refume it, youth ! nor on the molly Ihore 

Of fmoothly-gliding Wenfum loitering lie* 
Gird on thy coown of bardal oak once more. 

Nor leave it on the parching (trand to dry. 
Lo, Fame, upon the cloudlefsfummit hoar 
' Of the eternal hill, invites thee to her iky. 

TRANSLATION 

FROI4 the GreBS of SlMOMIDBS. 

WHEN tlirough the cbeft the piercing 
Wind 
Pour'd his rough bla0$ with fbfce combiu'd ; 
And when the fea, with hollow roar, 
Drove the weak ve^el from the Ihore | 
Fair DanaB, weeping, toherbreall 
The infant Perfeus gently prcft : 

" Sweet lovely caufe of my difhleis, 
*^ Wliat griefs thy mother's heart po^fil 
*' You in this prifon calm foftain 
^ The cruel winds and driving nui^ 
I 



" And ftrctch'd upon your trefTerfleep^ 
** Rcgardlefs of the aiigry'dcep. 
**^Swcet child, if pain your hofom tore, , 
" You would at leaft have liften'd more 
** To my complaints. Sleep, infmt bleft ! 
" Ami fleep, ye winds ! My terrors, reft ! 
" Biit, greateft Jove I unlef& my pivycf 
** Too bold, too iiifolent appear, 
** Let fome regard 10 me be (hown, 
** And grant me juflicc in my fon l" 

A ParapbrBftUiil Vffi^n •[ ^Vtjfagt tn th€ 
Eightrtutb B^^ii tf TtLZMKCHVl, tohtrg 
ths Author ij Jrjcriifitrg the Dejceni of bis 
Hero to tbe SbsJes. 

DREAD o'er the pabce of th' infeniai 
King 
Black Horror wide expamls her raven wilts. 
Shadowing the circuit of tfiat au'ful dome. 
Where various phantoms mehmcholy rouna, 
Hopelefs of refcue from tlieir durance viftr: 
Death's rav'ning fpcarc grins bis ghaftly 

fmile [wide. 

On the dire fcythe that fpreads deftru&ion 
That Beauty hows, and Wealth, and Iceptci^'d 

Pride ; 
That mows down nations to the filei^t tomb. 
And peoples dreadful Orcus' tenfold gluoril. 
Here blood ilain'd Vengeance rolls his bum* 

ing eyes. 
That flcni deiiiand anotlic r facrifice. 
See blank Defpair peculiar torments feel. 
Who rais'd againll himfelf the murd'roos 

ftcel! 
Here Envy's ferpcnts (ling her ev'ry houri ' 
And vex'd Ambition mourns his falkn powi" } 
Mourns that terreftrial Grandeur's gorgeous 
Is but tlie padiiig metegr of a day. [ray 

See care-worn Av'rke with deep groans ilc- 

plorc 
The loft poflelBon of his golden ore. 
Here mad Rebellion ftruggles with her chains^ 
Fed from her haplefs country's bleeding veins. 
Here reftlefs FaAion forms the vain defire. 
Again thro* realms to fpread fedition*s fire : 
As intVeft led, tlie demon roar'd aloud, 
An:ay'd in patriot ibte ; the people bow'd. 
Here Parricide, that blacked fiend below, 
Rack'd with the fiercefl torments guilt ciui 

know, 
(The torments of has fpirit who can tell, 
That eWn on earth anticipates a liell r) 
Beliolds the Furies i-oll tlieir flailiing eyes, 
Whi ie round their hiflingferpents feem to rife? 
Tbefe gloomy pliantoms round the throue re* 

fort. 
And fill with various (bunds tbe vafL Plutt>» 



man court. 



L.M. 



-Mk^H«ft*» 



Tran/lation of the Latin Eptgrmm in p, 103, 
«• On a Natural CbiU dijircyk by iti M&btr/* 

T OVE, fpite of Honour's diOales, gaT« 
\^ tliee breath I 

Honour, in fpitt of Lo?e^ pronoonc'd thf 
deatbl " StList. 

Cantlmistim 



C 665 J 



ttMhuttka 9/ thi Act«ma riUtht t» the Capture of tbt KiNO and QVSIH tf the Frendl 

Nation, f rem f>» 5S0. 

''I ■'Hk firll accounts of the flight and cap- 



J[ tiirc of th« Royal Family of France 
Were^ as mtsht be expelled, very imperfe^ } 
fince which many have been circulated, all 
differing one from anothefj yet all agreeing 
ia the main points. 

M. de Romeuf, Aid de Camp of M. de 



Allembly of the date of the nsilitary ar« 
ringementsi fi*om which it appears, that 
from the North Co B&le tl\ere are fevea bun* 
dred pieces of cannon,^ with a fufficient 
quantity of ammunition in the magazines to 
carry on a war for feven or eight years, and 
provifions fufiicfent to maintain an army 



la Fayette, who had been ^nt in purfuit of (with the sdd of the Ordinary produce of the 

the Kingf gave this account of his journey : country) of 10,000 men for eighteen months. 

^ That liaviog overtaken the King, and The camp equipage is fufficient for three 

communicated to his MajeAy tl)e decree of armies of 6o,eoo men each, and is dail/ 

the National AfTembly, the Ring fwore he augmenting. 

had no intention to quit the kingdom, but A Deputation of the Municipality of Paris 

only to go to Muntiftnli. prefented to the Alferobly the two Citizens 



" The Queen had a paflport, of which 
the following is a copy : 

•< « To aU Officers, Civil and Military, 
charged with the fuperintendance and 
maintenaoce of public order in the dif- 
ferent departments of the kingdom : 

•* ' We enjoin you to fufFer to pafs, with- 
out iiitemipiion» tite Baroneds de Koitz, go- 
ing to Frankfort witli two children, a valet 
de chambre, and three domeiticks, without 
giTing, «r fufieriog her to receive, any bin* 
<lrance. 

<< ' This pafTport to continue in force fer 
#oe month only. 

** * Given at Paris, June 5, 1791. 
" « By the King. (Signed) Louis. 
« < (Counterfigned) Mon t morin.' " 

yuMi 14. On this reprefeiitation, M. 
Montroorin was ordered to the bar ; and 
Commtffioners were charged to examine the 
regifters of office with regard to the conduct 
of that Minifter in this myllerious bufinefs. 
Thefe CommiilQoners found the houfe of M. 
Montroorin furrounded by a furious mob, 
Teady to execute the law ; and were happy 
to report to the Aflembly, on their return, 
that, having examined the regifters, they had 
found that the paifport in quedion had been 
obtained at the requeft of M. Simolin, tlie 
Ku0ian AmbaHador in France. 

The Minifter came to thank the Affembly 
f»r a decree which was then palTed in his 



who (lopped the King. 

M. Drouet then gave a detail, of which 
the following is the fobltance : 

" I am the PoAmalter of Sainte Mcne- 
houd, formerly a Dragoon in the regiment 
of Cond^ ; my comrade, William, was for-' 
merly a Dragoon in the Queen's regiment. 

« On the 2iil of June, at half after fevea 
in the evening, two carriages and eleveo 
horfes baited at my houfe. 1 thought I re* 
cognized the Queen, and was Aruck with 
the refemblance of thf King to his Majefty's 
portrait on an Afiignat of fifty livres. Thefe 
carriages were efcorted by a detachment of 
Dragoons, relieved by a detachment of Huf- 
firs, under pretence of prote^ng a u*ea« 
fure. 

*' Tlus confirmed me in my fufpicioos | 
more particularly when 1 faw the Comman- 
der of the ditachmeqt fpeak with great ani- 
mation to one of the Couriers, of whom 
there were three } but, being alone, and fear* 
ing to excite any alarm, I fuffered the car- 
riages to pafs, and by a crofs-road got to 
Varcnnes before them, where they were 
ftopped by a difpute between the podillions 
and the Poftmafler. I then faid to my 
(|uondam comrade the Poftmailer, ' Wil- 
liam, are you (launch ?' — * Doubt it not/ 
replied he.—' WcU,* faid I, < the King is in 
the carriage; he muft be (lopped.* We 
then concluded, that, to fecure fuccefs, ^ 



favour I in which he was much applauded, . was neceflary to barricade the ftrect and 

having been (bund foithful to the Conditu- bridge by which the carriages were to pafs. 

tion. My comrade and 1 then went to the bridge^ 

A letter was then read from the three where foitunately (lood a carriage loaded 

Commiflioners difpat'cbed after the King, with furniture. We overfet it; and thea 

fpecifying the road by which he was to re- ran to feek the Procureur de la Commune^ 

torn, and the time he might be expelled to the Mayor, and the Cofhmandant of the Nati- 

arrive at Paris. onal Guard ; and in a few minutes our number 

M. Menou reported on the necefllty of increafed to eight men, all hearty in Che 

angaentiog the number of General OfAcers, caufe. The Commandant and the Procureur 

and of the arms and ammunition to be fur- approached the principal carriage, .ind aiked 

nilhed to the feveral departments. And the the travellers who they were } and where 

National Aifembly ordered the Minider of they were going ? The Queen anCwered pe* 

the War Department to make an augmen- tuhnatly, they were in ha2le ; and prodiKed 

tatioa of fixtcen General Officers. To thefe . her paifport. On reading jt, fome faid ift 

Geaeral Officers (hall be added a propor- was fiifficieot. We combated this op'mioa^ 

tiooable number of aids de camp. becaufe not figned by the Prefulent of tht 

>f . Meiiou at the fame time iQforme4 the ^aUoQsd Aflewblyi m ii o\ighi \» bAVe been.. 

GsMT. Mao. Jyt^f f^i, ll 

10 



666 Proceedings ofthe NatlotuH JJJimllj #/ France. fjolf^ 

If. you a^ a foreignjBTy , ftid we to the Qoeen^ Twenty minutes elapied hefbre the Aflecahly 

bow came you to liave a detachment of fol* could refume their deliberations. 

diers to efcort you ? After a few fuch quef- M. Loeahotix (ai'd, the three couriers who 

tions, and no fatisfd£lory ianfwers returned^ had attended the King, and who were now 

it was determined that th* travtikrs Jbou/J on the carriages bound, were io danger oC 

mt frocteJ, They alighted at the houfe Of being hanged by the populace. 

the Procureur. Then faid his Majfefty,/ I Twenty Commiffioi^ers went out of the 

tip your King— thefe are my wife and chil- Aflcmbly to reftore order. 

di:en.. I charge you to treat us with that re- At the fight of the Commiffioners the agi- 

fpe^ itrhich the Fi'ench Nation have ever tation ceafed, and the Royal Family entei^ 

ihewn to their KingsT the palace of the Thuilleries without inter* 

*' The National Guards came by this time ruption ; as did the three men who adled as 

in crowds, and at, the fame inftant the Huf- couriers, viz. M. Valori, Mantile, and Mai- 

iia^s, fword in hand, who endeavoured to fun, three Gardes du Corps. One of them 

force the houfe where the King was; but let fall a pocket-book, which was immedi- 

we foon let them know that they fliould not ately delivered to the Prefident, who fealed 

teoi* him from us alive, it up, that nothing ihould be added to its 

'< The Commander of the National Guard contents, 
had the precaution to plant two fmall field- M. k Prefident, I learn tHat the King's 

pieces at the upper end of the ftreet, and carriages are furrounded by the rooby whor 

two at the lower end ; fo that the Huflars are determined to open them, 
were between two fires. They were fum- M. VotdtIL The united Committees o( 

moned to difmount. M^. Jouglas refufed. Reports and ^efearches have already takeo 

Ife faid his troop fhonld guard the i^ing. care of that. 

He was anfweredi that the National Guard The Commiffioners, who had been fent tq 

l)eld his Majefly wider their protection, condu^ the King back to Paris (foon after 

J be Gunners were ordered to their pofts ; the Royal FamUy were fecured in the pa^ 
iey took the matches in their hands ; lace), entered the hall, and wer« reccive4 
but/* faid Droutt, ** I have the honour to with congratulations, 
ebferve to you, that the cannon were not M. Bamdve then addreflfed the AfTembly, 
then loaded, and that the Commander of th^ and gave a mofl fatis£iAory account of the'ur 
National Guard fo contrived it, as to difarm proceedings. He confirmed wliat M. do 
the Huflars witliout bloodflied, stid the King Romenf had faid of the folemn dedaratioi) 
^ji mmde frifotur. made by the King when firft (iopped, *' that 
, ^< liaving thus Ci^ithfully difcharged our he never meant to pafs the limits of the king- 
duty to our country, we returned home, dom }" and tliat when the decree was rea4 
spiidfl the acclamations of our fellow-citl- to him, authorizing their commiflion, he 
sens ; and are come to lay before the Na- teflified much fenfibility on account of the 
tional Aflerobly the homage of our fervices.' precautions taken by the National AflemUy 

The Prefident congratulated thcfe bfave for the fafety of his perfon, and for the main- 

Citizens on the eminent fervices they had tenance of the royal dignity. We moreover^ 

rendered their country. he faid, wh^ we joined the Royal Family^ 

Jum ic. A difpatch was received, ftating addrelfed a proclamation to all the Adminif- 

the arreft of Aleflieurs Choifcul, Dames, trative Bodies in the King's name, in order 

Rami, and Floriac, officers commiifioned to to prcrervc the public tranquillity whict^ 

aflift the King's efcape. It was decreed, every where prevailed ; fo tliat we felt no 

that Ihey Ihould ren^n State Prifonei s till inconvenience but from the heat and the or- 

the AlTembly (^oi4d tali^e up the bufmcfs in dinary fatigues of travelling. We met tlie 

^ regular way. King Vet ween Dermas and Epemay ; pafled 

It was then decreed, %. That the King the night at Dormans } from thence tQ 

Ihould return to the Thuilleries, qndcr the Meaux- We wrote from Meaux to the 

guard of the Commandant General Prefident of the National A0embly, the 

a. A Guard and Governor to the Pre- Mayor of Paris, and the Commander of th^ 

i'umptive Heir, to be nominated by the Na- >Jaiional Guard at Paiis, to intreat them .to 
lional Aflcmbly. . take the nccellary meafures to fecure the 

|. That the King and Queen be heard in public tranquillity ; which tliey have happily 

their own defience. p/fe£ted. 

4. That, till it Iball he othenvife ordait^* The National Aflfembly decreed thanks tq 
pd, the Minifter of Tuftice fh^l he au- the Commiffioners forthcir faithful fervices. 
thorized to affls^ fhe teal to the adis of the Jure 26. M. Du ont, in the name of the 
Legiflative Body. And, . Committees of Criminal Jurifprudenco and 

5. That the Miniflers qf the feveral Der of the Conftitution, prefented a plan of pnv* 
partments, with the Commiflioners of the fecution a.i^ainfl the King and the partakers ia 
King, fhall be authorised to ea^ercife the ex; liis flight, which was objeAed to ; but» after 
f cutive powers of the Statfu a waritf debate, was in part adopted, and the 

Haif p»ft fcvtn oUUck, A great agitation (oUovving articles decided : 
^anifefted itfelf. A report Was circulated, A^t* If Tliat twQ Coaunlflioaers be ap- 
|)uttheKingwas9it)ain|tott^T|iu4Uerici^ pqiot^d 



1 79 1 .] 'ProaeSngs •f ihi f?4ithM Jffimiiy in Fraticd* 66^ 



pcMRted by the tribunal in the diftria of the 
Thtiilleries to Cake informaiioa rcfpe^ing the 
events of the ni^ht bett\*een the 20th and u^ 
of June, as alfo of foch anterior h£ii as re- 
late thereto, t 

Art. II. That the faid Commifnoners (hall 
proceed, withotit delaf, to ioterrogate ail 
perfons who are in ctillody in virtue of a de- 
cree of the 25tfi inftant. Sec. And, 

Art. 111. The National Aflembly fhall ap- 
poitxt three CommilTioners to take the deda- 
ratioos of the King and (^leen, which (hall 
be taken feparately, figned t^ their own 
hands, and laid before the National Affembly. 

After balloting, Meffrs. Tronchet| Dan- 
dre, and Duport, were declared CommUfi- 
oners to exannine the King and Queen. 

The Guards were then prelented to the 
AiPsmbly, by whom the King was fecured 
end conduced to Paris. They were received 
with particular attention, and addrelfed by 
the Prefideot in a (bort but elegant fpcech ; 
which addrefs was heard with applaufe. 

The Affembly then determined, that tliere 
was no longer any ncccflity of extraordinary 
fittings, and that the ordinary fittii^gs (hould 
be ci«unued as ufiial. 

y»»e 27. Tlie Prejident informed the Af- 
fembly, that he had received an infinite num- 
ber of Addreffes from Adminiflrative Bodies, 
from National Guilds, and from Citizens ; 
and the Alfembly referred the reading of 
them to an extraordinary fitting, to be ap- 
pointed for that purpofe. 

The Aflembly ordered the Diplomatic 
Committee lb draw up a proclamation, au- 
thorifmg foreigne s to quit the kingdom 
without any ohftruAisn. 

A letter fi'om a citizen of Paris was read, 
engaging to fumith t,ioo Hires towards 
paying the National Guards, to begin from 
the day on whicti the external enemies ibouKI 
be fo rafh as to attack the empire of the 
French. 

The following letter from M. D'Eftaign 
was read: 

•« P#r»J, y^nf 25. 

'* No ftep is indecent when we conform 
to the wifhes of our fcUow-ciiizens. 1 do 
ik^ know wlu> is the Officer ap|H>inted to re- 
ceive the Military Oolh in this depaitmetit. 
1 fend it in writing to the National Alfcm- 
biy. t beg it to receive the ailuranre of my 
ical f*'r tJte majntr'nance of the Cunrtitorion. 
Already a Lieiitm nt- general and a Vic - 
^♦miral, 1 wifh thtre exil^ed a new element 
Uk winch I might fighl fur it ! 

«< ^,!>igneU; D'EsTAiGN." 

M. Tnjtchct, in the name of the three 
Commtfliofiers appointed to receive the dt- 
cUrations of the King and Queen, gave the 
fiotl^twing account : 

** For the purpofe of executing your de- 
cree of tlic 26th, M. Dandre, M. Duport, 
2rJ I. met in the evcutiig, and proceeded to 
t** King's ap.'irtmcnl in the ThniUcnes, 
where wt found hnn ilotie* After having 



read to him your decree, I judged It necef-* 
fary to remark, that the declaration of his 
Majefty (hoald ref^r, according to the intent 
and meantrlg of the decree, as well to all tKe 
tranfadtions of the 2 1 ft of June, as to the o^^ 
currences connected with them, whether of 
an anterior or a poilerior date. The K'rig 
anfwered, that he did not underdand fub* 
mitting to interrogatories ; but that he would 
deliver in a declaration, conformably to t|)e 
requifuion that had beeh made to him by the 
National Affembly. We then took his de* 
claration, to every page of which he had fee 
his fignature. We went afterwards to. thtf 
apartments of th^ Queen, whom wefoiuid^ 
with Madame Elizabeth, preparing to fit 
down to table ; but the latter informing its' 
that her Majefty could not then receive us^ 
becaufe fhe was going to the bath, we ^e* 
fired her to appoint another hour ; and fhe 
fixed upon eleven this morning. Of courfe 
we retired ; but, returning at the time pre« 
fcribed, we were introduced intb the bed- 
chamber, where the Queen was without any 
one attendant whatever. We then read to 
her the decree of the National Affembly, 
fubjoining to it the fame obfervation which 
we had made to the King. She dieted to 
us her declaration; and, having afterwards 
heard it read over, put her fignature to ever/ 
page of it." 

DtCLARATtON OP THE KiNO. 

<Mn this declaration his Majefly franklf 
confeffes, that the motives of his journey 
were to deliver himfelf and family fmm th# 
outrages and abufes to which they were ex- 
pofed by an infolent and incenfed populace i 
and to defeat thofe menaces with which they 
were threatened in dally publications, wlule 
the authors remained unnoticed and-unpU'« 
nilhed. In thefe circumftances, the fawtf 
of ttieir perfons forbade their longer cominu<* 
ance at Paris j and the tranquillity of the c\ty 
m s\de tl^m prefer their departure l^ nighty 
to avoid that diflurbance whfch othervvife 
might have proved fatal tofome of their molt 
deferving fubjedts t but he protefled that ic 
had never enteral his mind to quit tl>e houn* 
daries of his kingdom i and, for proof, ad* 
duced the general circumftances that at:end« 
ed his departure, without money, without 
friends, and without any pre concerted 
fcheme wliatever, except that apartmeuti 
had been ordered at Montmedi for their re* 
ceptmn (that being a fortified town), wliere 
the Qneen >and her retinue might have re- 
m.iined m fafety till the vigour of Govern- 
ment had been m fome meafure reilored, and 
the Conftitution compleated. At this place^ 
Ills Majefly faid, he had ordered three per- 
fons to attend him as couriers, to enable him 
to correfpond with the National AlTenU)!/ 
and his Miniflers for the readier difpatcli of 
public bu^uef^, anU to give warning in cats 
«)f any fudilen diflurbance that might hav« 
been attempted on the frontiers, vvheiei>d 
%vould have been ready to have prefeiUcd 

hiftO^tfif 



668 Dedar0it9n ofTrtncli King mH S^an^^^hmtncMn Kiws. [Julf^ 

hinirelf tn the poft of danger, and to haf«re« of which they harnt, and dellroyed tbdr 

prefled any umirreftion. provifions and com, to the amount, as wae 

^ Hi8 Majedy concluded his declaration computed, of fifteen thoufand ba(hels. Thft 

«irith afTiiring the CommilUonerSy that» as firft oppoTitioo they met wjtb was an attadc 

. foon as he was convinced of the certainty of by furprize of a detachment of about 1 50 

the public opinion, he did not hefitate to fa- Kentucky Militia, fent in purfuit of a boily 

crifice hit own peribnal interefls to the wd- of Indians that had b«en difcovered lurking 

fare of his people, that being the great ohjeA about the principal town. Thefe led on tho 

of all his wiities, all his derires;~that he party to follow them, tilt, after a purfuit o£ 

ihould willingly forget all unpleafantcircum- about fix miles, they came to a large plaio^ 

ftances th.n he had experienced, to fccurc the furrouiided on every fide with a thicket, in 

peace and liappioefs el the nation. which the m;iin body of tlie Indians lay cjoa-* 

"(Signed) Louis." cealed. This wasnofoonerdircovered,tlian 

DECX.AKATtoN OP THE Qu BIN. the Militia to a man made a moft precipiute 

^ I declare that, the King being defirous retreat, leaving the few Regulars to be cut 

of quitting Paris with his children, nodiing to pieces, two or three officers and a few 

in Nature could have diifaaded aie from ac- privates excepted, who defended themfelves 

companying him ; for that I never will con* at the points of their tuyonets till by mir.%- 

fent to quit hira, my whole condndl for cle they made their efcape. Captain Arm- 

thefe laft two years has given fufficienc (Irong, who commanded the detachment, 

proofs. The refoliition was fudden, but it faved himfelf by jumping into a fwamp up 

was determined. The Govemefs of my to the neck, where he remaiited the whole 

daughter, who had been indifpofed for five night a miferable f|)e^ator of the horrid 

weeks, did not receive orders fair her journey fcene of the vvai -dance over the dead and 

till the evening preceding. The three ecu- wounded of the preceding day. 

riers wlio attended ttie YUn^ neither knew After this, fome few (kirmifhes fuoceeded, 

the dei\nn'.ion nor the object of our journey but nothing material until the fecond fital 

-~they were fupplied from time to time with a^ioo, which happened two days after tho 

money, and receive<1 orders as they proceed- army had left the Miami town. At tea 

ed. Monfieur and Madame were to join us miles diftance the General ordered a halt, 

in France. They left the Thuilleries tie fame and detached from four to five hundred Mi- 



night h s Majeily did, and took the raad to 
Mons, to avoid embarraffment. 

"(Signed) Marie Anto'nette.'* 
Tlie declarations, of which the above con- 
tain the fubftance, being read, the Aifembly 
proceeded to take into confidrration the fol- 
lowing propofiiions from the Committee of 
the Cont\itution : 

1. As to llic mnJe of eledllng a Governor 
10 the Picfiim|>tive Heir to the Crown. 

2. To t!ie nature of the oath to be taken 
by fuch Governor. And, 



litia, and abo<ic fixty Regular foldiers, com* 
manded by Major Wylls, all under the com- 
mand of Colonel Hardin, with orders to 
march back to the town, where a fmall 
body of Indians had coUe^ed themfelves, 
with a view of fearching for what might be 
left behind. Tliefe fled on the firft appear- 
ance of the return of the army, and, taking 
tiitfcrcnt routes in fmall parties, encouraged 
tlie Militia Co ptufue them, who again fell 
into the fame Ciare as before, and left the 
few Regulars to fa 'lain the whole force of 



3. To the nuthoriiy he (hall excrcife over the Savages ; who, notwithibuiding they 
the Heir Apparqit. found the Militia returning on their b.icks, 

And, w hilc they were un<.'er confidcration, purfued the main objedl of dcfti-oying the 



a letter from the Duke of Orleans appeared 
in the Parifian news- papers ; in whic:i his 
Highnefs declares his readinef^ fo (irre his 
country, by f«a or land, in a Oiplo-na'tc ca- 
pacity, in which zeal and an uo Hounded dc- 



Re,:;ulnrs, all of whotn, except nine, they 
cut to pieces. 

Nothing could equal the intrepidity of the 
Tndinnf on ihis orc^fion • the Militia they 
ppp^npfil to defpife, and, with all the un- 



votion may be required ; hut, if that of Re- d.iuntcdnefs, conce vahle, threw down tlieir 



gency be the quenioi*, he rt*uot'r»ccs from 
ttiat moment, and forever, all rights whitli 
the Conl^itulion gives hin:i to be elc^rd to 
chat office. 

Amcaica. 
An account is at lafl made public nf the 
ei'.pcdition asain.l the Mi.imi fn»!iaas in 
179:;.— Th5 A- erican tnwips, confjftios of 
I2CO Militia and \oz Regi^liT, after frrm- of the Swri^r^. 
•teen days march, rcachtd the gr -: M.ami Notwithl?anJ.in:j t'-e nbove difall^r, ib^ 
village witliout mole." .'♦il**' I J wImjic tlicy migratiiins f»t>ni Canadi ir.rrca<e dajlv.— — 
foiuid the viilngf I'cfened, arfil all ih^t w:is Nin-Hy-fivcn faTnl»e«, Itcfides f^v**^Ml lum- 
bal uahte car nt doff. After n fhort Ib.y tlicy dreJs t>f I'l-jj^lf m^n, chi^'flv FifMc»>, lmv<? 
ftiiit;4^td U the nei^hboui'ui^ vdU^cs, tvc tied tu tbe Weit, uluo; Ue IumKs of tj's 

Mohawk 



gu'is, an I niihed upmi tl>e bayonets of The 
Kr^dnr fol«lie«s. A great number of ihe 
]n;!::^ns fell ; bnt,.beia5 fo far fui>erf>r in 
numbers, th y r< on ovcrpowcrrd the Rcpu- 
l.^rs, for uhil« the j»o <r foldicr had his biy- 
on»*t in ons Int-ii^o, two more won'd fink 
thcMr tom.ihavvk" h\ his hea«l Th-^ •♦<'^e;»t 
of rhe tr.M»r»s vvs comflcit ; the dead ."^nd 
wminde I were left on the hcKI, «n fK>iieSlu)n 



17^1.1 Tht Mupcal Ftft'ivtl at OxforJ. defir'tltd. 



669 



Mohawk River, where <li(linenes ami fnfar- 
houies are ere^uigy iirom tb« jaice oi the 
BUple. 

Wkhout meeting with any idt miptioo 
Inm ttie Savages, the'Fiench fettlfi^ bave 
arhved within ao3 miles of the Secito, to 
which they have given the name of Gallia- 
anJ whereihey mean to fettle. 



CeuvTRV News. 
Jmlf ^ At the ThcA^re in Oxford was 
perfbrnned the firil Grand MuHcal Feltival, 
cocififling of the overtare and firft chorus in 
Acis mod Galatea, — " Hufli, ye pretty wab- 
bling cliotr," hy btorace, — ** Total cclipfe,*' 
by Kelly, — a qiiarteii.> of PlcycUby Cramer, 
Dance, Sperati, and Cratner juu.-- " Numi, 
polCnui Qumi/' by Storace. 

1 be fecond ad (hould have opened by a 
new MS overture coropofed hy Haydn, but, 
not arriving in time for rehearifal, it was de- 
ferred till next day, and another piece of the 
iame compoier fubftituted, ajid received 
with great applaufe. This was (bllowed by 
the fooj in Jephtha, ** His mighty arm," by 
David, — a concerto on the violin, by Cramer, 
— ** Heart, rlie feat of foft delight,*' by Sto- 
race, — and the^ chorus, " Jehovah crown'd, ' 
introduced by Mailer Muilow. Between 
the atb, Storace, Webb, KcUv, and Bella- 
my, fang the glee, '* Awake, Eolian l)re, 
awake." 

The third a^ was opened by Signora Sto- 
race, with •• Hufh every breeze," — a grand 
fympbony, with the double orclie ft 1*4, com- 
pifed hy Bach, — " Arletti del alma," fiom 
Federici, by Davi.l. — I he whole concluded 
with the gmnd chorus in Ifrael in Egypt, 
** The Lord Ihall reign, &c" 

Jufy 7. Was held the annual meeting of 
the Preddent and Governors of th9 Radclifiis 
lofinn^ry 1 when a fermon fuited to the fo- 
temnity was preached for the benefit of the 
ioAttution by the Hon. and Rev. Dr. Ver- 
non, Canon of Chrift Church, and now Bi- 
ihop of Carlifle, at St. Peter's in the Eafl, 
the mof of St. Mary's church being under 
1 proper repair. The Do^or,,h3ving pointed 
out the foUy of diffeminating among the low- 
tr order of people du^rines tending to indil 
into their minds hcentious ideas of general 
equality, proved the n^celluy of fubordina- 
tnn and of a variety cf orders in human 
hfe ; and concluded by trging tlie juftice and 
faomanity of relieving, by ctiaritable dona- 
tinas, the forrows of thofe who were re- 
doted by this necellity to tiie loweft and 
Biod qnfortunnie of all conditions. Though 
polixicks crme \vith an ill grace from the 
|Mdp.t, yet, if they be allowable in thefe 
arcumflances at ail, ic mutt be acknow- 
ledged that the ground Ltkcn by the Doflor 
Wat judtcioiM. The langu:\gc and delivery, 
|ik?wife, of the preacher, were extremely 
happy. Intheanirte of the fcrvice wei^e 
rsroducerf, by a fvio^ cho.r of voxes to ttie 
•r|9a, th« r< Dtum aiMl JuUUie^ the Old 



Httndrtdtb Pfalm," mA Dr, ITaytt^s jlntbem^ 
compofed for this charity, under the direc* 
tion of Uie author. After the fermon, a col- 
legion u as matle at the doors of the churdv 
amounting to loSl. 8s. 6d. The Guvci nori 
afterwards dined together at the Srar-inn, 
when the Right Reveren^l the Loid Bifhop 
of OxfortI, with Sir John ^kiuner, were 
appointed Stewards ibr the aiftuug year. 

The fecond Grand Maficd Feitival was 
this evening highly applauded by a vci-y nu- 
merotis ainHence at the Theatre. Haydn'* 
MS Overture was performed, and met witti 
great anprobation. The receii>t of ll is and 
the pi reeding evening, when o*>t Icf^ thoa • 
1 300 perfons attended, clearrd the ex- 
pences of the prcparrlions ; and, wiiii tlia 
receipt of the fucc«.eili:i2! evening, proniiies 
a well-earned piT)fit to Dr. Hayes. 

1 he Oven ure of Sr»mf>fon w.ts the Openinf; 
piece of this day, and was performed in a 
grand ftylc. I his was followed by a fong 
from Mafter Miulow, \\\\o jiolfelfes a very 
good voice. 5p*fi.jii 'hei plr^yed a folo ou 
the violoncello, in a ve>y capt.il ilyle. Sto- 
race foUoucd with ?\\ Ita'i.ln au C!)miKt{ed 
by her broilier. Tlic comijofiiion if gocxl, 
and it w.'is well furg. T he rhoru- of ** A li« 
many rend the air, ' from vlrx.-uider s Ft-al, 
c )Jcd tl-.e fii II act, in a bold and impieilive 
mat^iiei'. 

Haydn's new oveiture, c ndu^flcd by hWn- 
fclf, mf.oduced tiie fecund ac"t. It wa*- ';e- 
neralty dtcmed one of t!.e molt nuking 
com poHt lens ever heard ; and the ingenious 
author was applauded vei7 warmly. ^ 
fong from Handel'^ Saul, «* Fell Rage," was 
next fung by David fo well, that he waf 
loudly encored. Little Clemt nt next played 
a concerto on the viohn, with very extra- 
ordinary ahilhy for his early time of life, 
-being fcarccly nine years old. Kelly fol- 
- lowed with an Italmn air of Mengozif, 
given wirh great animation. Storace fuc- 
ceede4!, with a part of Purcell's Mnd Beft, 
The fecond adt concluded with ** He gave 
them lia«\-Hones,'* frt»m Ifrael in Egypi, 
which was performed with great form and 
•tfea. 

The third ?vSt commenced witli a concer- 
tantc, of Pleyel, admirably fupported hy 
Cramer, Dance, Patria, Spcrali, and BUUe* 
David followed wiih ?n air of Sarti, whuh 
would have plcafcd better, if it had not been 
quite fo long* 

The bl> of this atit was the fong of '< Let 
the ^^right, Ace." by Storace, accom;»nietl by 
Sergeant on the trumpcr, and followed by the 
grand chorus, ** Let their ccleltiaJ, &c." from 
Sampfon. The company teltified i]\e warm- 
eft appmbalion of the whule, ami gave in- 
deed unc/)mmon tokens of ^aeal and admira* 
Lion. Webb, Bellamy, and Kelly, lung a 
glee beivve^Q the awts, which was much ap- 
pbuded. 

"July %. A fplcrdid procelTion of KphJe- 
men, Uaroncts, .^d oilier honorary gi*iJu* 

ates. 



676 



fie Mufical Fefthaf at Oxford iefcrthit4 Xl^Af^ 



«es, tosethcr with tht feveral Dodlors and 
Ofliccrs, aU in their proper habits, (Dr«. 
Ayrlon ana Dapnis wearing their Comme- 
inoration medals,) entered the Theatre, to 
celebrate Lord Crewe's Commemoration of 
Founders and Bene&dtors to the Univcrfity. 
The lionorary degree of Dodlor in Civil Law 
was conferred on that venerable old mart, in 
his 87th year, the Rev. Samuel Pegge, 
A.M. F.S.A. author of various publications 
in the line of Englifli antiquities \ and the 
honorary degree of Do^or in Mnfick was 
alfo ' voluntarily and liberally conferred on 
Jofeph Haydn, efq. 

The Commemoration Speech on this oc- 
casion was fpoken by the Rev. Dr. Holmes, 
Poetry Profeflbr ; and being a continuation 
of the plan begun by Dr. Crewe, of comme- 
morating the Benefadlors in fucceffion, turn- 
ed principally on the liberality of Dr. Rad- 
cliffe, and the obligations the Univerfity and 
the pn»frffion of Phyfick had to him. 

The Prize Productions were this morning 
recited at the Theatre, which was immenfely 
crowded on the occafion. Some elegant Latin 
vei fes, the fubjcit, Ihrtut ^ngtsc^s, were re- 
cited by Mr. Cooper, of Queen's Coll. This 
was received u ith much applaufe : and, after 
fome very charming drains hail been played 
|>y the band, Mr. Richards, of Oriel, deli- 
vered his Engli^ poem on the newly- pro- 
pofed fubje^ of yftorUirtJ Bntons, After 
having painted in mou glowing and ani- 
mated C(»lours the chara^ers of ihe Abori- 
ginal Britons, and traced the chara6leriiticks 
of liberty in the favage flate of this ifland, 
and its cxtin^lion in the earliell flages of 
our Monarchy, the Poet greeted with joy 
its revival at the prdenl period j of which 
the following eltgant lines towards its con- 
dufion are a defcription : 

** But now reviv'd (he beads a purer caufe, 
Refin'd by Science, form'd by gen'rons laws : 
High hangs her helmet in the banner'd hall, 
Kor founds her clarion, but ac Honour's call. 
>Iow walks the land with olive chaplett 

crown'd. 
Exalting worth, and beaming fafety round : 
With fecrcl joy and confciouspride admires 
The patriot fpirit which herfelf infpires : 
Sees ban%ni(wailes with unknown fruitage 

bloom I 
Sees Labour bending patient o'er the loom; 
Seef Science rove thro' Acatlemic bowers ; 
And peoj^led cities lift their fpiral towers. 
Trade fuclls her fails whcre-ever Oce:^n 

rolls, 
Glows at the Line, and freezes at the Poles : 
Whde thrc' unwater'd plains, and wond'ring 

meads, 
Waves, not its own, Ih' obedient river leads." 
This jKjem, having been highly and dc- 
Icrvedly applauded, was fuc^eeded by the 
Englifh Eilhy of Mr. Bunows, (fon of the 
late Rev. Mr. B. of Hadley, MidtUefex, rec- 
tor of St. Clement Dimes,} « On National 



Prejudices, chetr good and bad Effe^s." Itf 
was well written, and VEOnth admired. 

In the evening, the third and lall Grand 
Mufical Feltival attracted a crowded and ele- 
gant audience to the Theatlv. Tliey wero 
in excellent humour ; and when Haydn ap- 
peared, and, grateful for the applaufe ho 
received, feizeii hold of, and difplayed, the 
gown he wore as a mark of the honour that 
had in the moiTring been conferred on him^ 
the filent emphafis with which he thus ex- 
prelTed his feelings met with an unanimous 
and loud clapping. Dr. Hayes was Ukewife 
gretted with the fame teflimony of the £»« 
tisfadi(ni of the audience ; and the feveral 
muficians, infpired with the encouragement 
they obtained, performed with double fpint. 
The aft opened with the overture from 
Efther. Kelly then fung, « Why does tlio 
God of Ifrael fleep I" The duel of « Th© 
Lord is a Man of War," was next given 
by Matthews and Bellamy. Storace fol- 
lowed them with a beautiful cantata of 
Haydn, but not very fuccefsfuOy. 1 he re- 
cit.'^tive, " Search round the world, kc" and 
the choru"?, " May no rafh intrudcr,"^ by 
Kelly, finilhed the adl. A new concerCante 
of Pleyel began the fecond a6l. This was 
delightfully performed. Signora Storace :mil 
David were particularly fuccefsful ; the hrft 
of whom gave ** The Prince unable to con- 
ceal his pain," with a paflion and luxuriance 
of expreflion that provoked an enthufiaftic 
exclamation of " Encore 1" at lead from all 
the j9ung gownfmen. Cramer followed 
with a concerto on the viulin, with fur- 
prifmg ability., " Comfoit ye my people," 
was next lung by David with cxpreliion. 
The aft cn«'ed with the chorus, «* And the 
glory, &c." After an Italian air by Kelly, 
the third aft began with a very fine overture 
of Haydn, admirably performed. Storace 
next gave, ** With lowly foit,'» from ** No 
Song, No Supper," in a ftyle lb pathetic and 
firaple, as to obtain an encore in that like- 
wife. David delivered the air, ** Penza che 
in campo armato," with wonderful execution 
and feeling. The whole concluded with the 
Coronati(Mi Anthem ; and the Company, 
which amounted to about two Choufand, and 
which (having been compofed in a great 
mcafure of moft eleg.intly drefled ladies) 
ma«le a moft fplendid appearance, retired 
higidy pleafed with the attention and care 
fhewn in the conduft of this bufinefs by Dr. 
Hayes, who, it is thought, has gained for 
himfelf about five hundred pounds. 

Mrs. Crouch was to have been of the 
party, but was feized on her journey at Hen- 
ley with a putrid fore throat, frotn which, 
by the attention ef Dr. Wall^ ftie was at. 
Itngth happily relieved. 

Catr.bridge, July 5. This day the follow- 
ing gentlemen were created to the wider- 
mciuionetl degrees: 

Four Doctors ii^ Oiviniiy.— Hcnry-Wil- 

- - * 'Ifam 



I79I0 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 671. 

Jiam Msjendie, Cbrift College ; Geo. GrecW* the Court of King's Bench for an order that 
toOf Trinity College ; Samuei Fofteri St. Richard . Pinckarton and (eventeen others 
John*f College $ Heary-WilUam Coultburft, ihould be removed out of the King's Bench. 
Sidney College. prifon to other places of confineroent. Ma- 
One Do^r of Laww— Rev. Tbo. Willis, uy of them» he faid, had been fo a(5live in 
Queen'aCoUege. the infurredlion, that, when the Court 
• £ighc Bachelors in Divinity.— George Da- Ihould have heard the fa£b, they would, he 
vis, Thomas Cacton, Jofliua Smith, Robert believed, fend them to Newgate* He thea 
^mard, St. John's College ; Simon Wellby, related in brief the circumltances, that oa 
Caius College ; David Davis, Pembroke Monday night the 29th of May, feveral of 
Hall ; Wm. Herringham^ Clare Hall ; John the prifoners aflembted, and one of them, of 
Bowftead, Peter Houfe. the name of Nugent, fluck up a paper, in** 

Seven Bachelors of Law.— Edwin-Sandys timacing that the Commiuee of the Houfe o( 

Kewman, Magdalen College ; Wm. Church- Commons could not be able to affi>rd them 

ward, Caius College 1 J. Raymond, Queen's any relief this fefTion. On which a tumult 

College $ Richard Mo£y T. Salisbury, Tri- arofe, that endangered the iafety of the pri- 

o'ay Hall ; Nathaniel Highmore, Jefus Col- ion. In this fituation John Carey, who ap« 

lege ; Thomas Dikes, Magdalen College. peared to be a leader, addrefTed the prifoners^ 

Four Mailers of Arts in right of Nobility, faying, ** Now is the time ! if you do not 
.— Tlie Marquis of Huntley, St. John's Col-^ exert yourfelves, you are loft for ever !*'— 
lege ; Right Hon. Lord Berwick, Jefus Col-'l' This being often repeated, the tumult in- 

lege ; Hon. John Simpfon, Trinity College ; creafed, and it became neccHary to apply fur 

the Right Hon* Lord George Thynne, fe- a military force. The Attorney General 

cond fon ^f the Marquis of Bath,. St. Jolui's made no duubt but the Court would make an 

College. order for the immediate removal of th« 

One Hundred and one Mafters of Arts: principal offenders, as defired. The affida- 

Pembroke Hall.— Meflrs. Jcnkinfon, Sie- vits of the Marlhal and his Deputy wcr^ 

phenfon, Chellon, Ogle, Parke, and Brooke, then read ; by wliich it appeared, that, afcec 

Jefus College.— -MelTrs. Batchelor, Geo* taking one of them inlo cultody, the follow^ 

Plamptn, Malthus, Milnes, and Beadon'f ing bill was iluck up in the prilon : 

even's CoUege—Meffrs. Vickers, Lewis^ " Should tl»ere be any tumult in this place, 

I'arwi, and Poley. occafioned by the extreme provocation of th^ 

King's College. — Mr. Richard Roberts. T lobby people, and tl»e indignation naturallf: 

Cath. Hall. — Mr. Grefliam. excited by ihe detention of Mr. Pinckarton. 

ChriftCoUege. — Meflrs. Gunning, Trough* it is hoped there will be no pnfoner on the 

fon, Dehanes, and Milnes. parade who will not i^and his ground.— t 

Peter Houfe. — MeOrs. Clark, Ella, and There are many whi) will. " 
Morris. Lord Kenyon agreed with tlie opinion of 

Trinity College.— Meflrs. Griffin, Cripps, the Attorney General, that the cafe was ur- 

Suttoa, Cleathing, Melliflxt' Atkinfo;i, Lay- gent j and thnt the Uilfcrcnt perfons, mcni 

^n, Stephenfon, Sykes, Palmer, Carter, tioned in the affidavits of ihc Marflial and 

Grifiies, Podmorc, Rolfeter, Aubcr^ Eaton, liis afliflants^ Ihould be difj)orcd of as menr 

HenchliffiB,Trebeck, Waller, Impey, French, tioned by the Attorney Genera), as foon as 

Magd. College^ — MelT. Taunton, Franks, polftble. If afterwaiUs any of ihcm appear 

^nd Roberts. to be aggrieved by this order, tliey may, by 

Sidney College —Meflirs. Burrell, Moor, application to the Cooit, be difcharged. 
Invert, Newfiam, Parris, and Sadler. Friday , JULT i. 

- Bene't College.— Meflh. Owen, Edwards, The follow ing letier to llie Stewards of 

•Say, and Parilow. the Anniverfary of the Revoluiiui iii France;, 

St. John's Coll.— Meflirs. Ouren, Brooke, (fee an account of it under Tburjday 14), wae 

Tljo. Barnard, Wimhrop, Heberden, Til- circubied in the news-papers : 
|ard, Holcomb, Briant, Mainwaring, Bright, " Gentlemen, 

Wjlmot, Pixell, Hargraves, Landen, Selwyn, " THIS morning's port brought me a lef- 

Bifliell, Bartridge, Eyre, BlMPtT Addifon, ter, diredlcd /)r. Edtoard Tstbam, Oxford^ 

Clay, WaJJtcr^ Holcomb, Holford, Roberts, inviting me, among other Friends of Liberty 

Bond, OviraiiS, Lomax, VVilby, Cowling, and in England, to celebrate the fecond anniver- 

Wieler. fary of the late Revolution in France. Aji 

Caiu8'College.r-Mcfli:s.Brincklcy, Church, the epithet ^/or/om is therein apjUied to that 

and Mann. Revolution, 1 cannot but conftrue the invi- 

Emanuel College. — Meflrs. Broadhead, taiion into a compliment, which it may be 

Baines, Hurd, Afpenlhaw, and Gore. fuppofed I fliall elleem an honour to acce|jt. 

Clare Hall. — Meflirs. Waftel, Tt^omton; 1 think quite othcrwife j and, inllcad of mf 

Hirvey, and Good. perfonal attendance at tlie AnnivcrCuV, I 

■ ■' have to requeft that ye will do me the real 

DoMBtTic OccuBRiifcis. Itouour t« let this letter be my oidy repre- 

Juu9 1. fentative. 

fl^ Attorney G^ocral moved, «» ^79, _^*it is with deep coaccrntlac I f«ef<» 
7 wmn 



Bit 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. f>ly. 



many of my rcllow*cicizen$y wHo are Fng- 
Cfhmen> the friends aud aheUo» of a Revo- 
lution with which you have no concern { 
and which, both in its principled and cxfcu- 
tion, I deem inglorious. Yim are millakcn, 
Centlemeny ^I ;iddrefs myfelf to all who at- 
tend the Annivcrfary) upon a great political 
liibjeA} and your niidake may invohc in 
its confequences much public and private 
tvit. You miftake the general efFcd of that 
Kevolution) when ]jou fay lh;it it is fo clTen- 
tial to promote llie general happincfs of Eu- 
fopc ; for you are yourfcWcs an example of 
Its operation in diHurbing the peace and' 
ttdnquilltty of England. 

•* You are miftaken again in your oj^nion 
& the liberty and happincfs of the world, 
ivhich you form upon a hafis that lias in it- 
lelf no foundation. You are miAakcn in the 
whole ^ftem of your politicks, which arc 
©nly vifionary and hypothetical, ami ere^ed 
on principles which, in truth, have no ex- 
igence. 

** When yon call yoorfelvcs the friends of 
liberty in England, and yet commemorate, 
m a fulje^ of exultation, the Revolution in 
France, you more than indircdlly infmuatc, 
that you with England to follow its exam- 
|>le. You fay, indeed, tliat the object of 
your meeting is * to celebrate the overthrow 

• of dcfpotifm, and the eftablilhment of civil 

* and leligious liberty in France ;' but in this 
you prevaricate : for it is too plain that your 
6bjedl is to afkA public af5iiis, and the lo- 
cal concerns of this country j and that your 
formal declaration to the contrary only 
Viaket it more plain. 

^ With rcfpe^ to the fubje^ of your ex- 
ultation, if you wanted, as £ngli(bmen, a 
topick'for political congratulation, the Lite 
Revolution in Poland, which you do not no- 
tice, was effected without blootl, and con- 
il ruffled upon the model of the Engliih Con- 
futation. 

" You arc midaken, therefore, in every 
point, and are ioconfillent in all your plan, 
j^ot more than three years a?o, yon cele- 
brated the Revolution eif 1688, as mofl glo- 
rious ; though even then yOu millook it. 
Vow you are celebrating that of France, as 
much more glorious, becaufe it is formed 
opon different, but more licentious, princh* 
>les. 

•* If any of you^ therefore, fnppofe that 
my political principles and fentiments accord 
with yours, I mud take the liberty to ob- 
ferve, that 1 muft renounce all the feelings, 
which, as an EDgliHimnn, 1 have been 
taught to Cherilh, bi^fore 1 can look upon 
yours with any other emotion than conreropt. 

** In addition to this, give me leave to in- 
form you of one proflical eiTor which you 
are now committing 1 for your Anniverfary 
u itfelf an illegal anJ unconditotimial a€t. 
** I remaiu, Gentlemen, 
« Witli deep concern lor your delufion, 
'< Your friend, and fellow-citizen, 
*^MiaMf Oxford^ &PWAft# Tatnam**' 



Were executed before Newgate William 
Brown and John Dawfon, for robbing Mr. 
Maddocks, at tbtc boilora of Highgate HHI, 
of fcvcnrecn guineas and fix pence; WiUiara 
Bates, Edward Gilliky, aiul Stephen Macka* 
way, for robbing Robert Adair, efq. Kc^fAxS 
Briftow, and Elizabeth Pundas, of a g(d<t 
watch, value forty-feven ponnda, twenty 
guineas, and a ten pound Bank note, (fee p.^ 
578) • i Jofeph Wood, aged fourteen, and 
Thomas Undwwood, ageJ fifteen, for rob* 
bing William Bee<ne, a lad of twelve yeari 
old, of a jacket, Ihirt, waidcoat, and five 
pence in half-pence; and Ifabella Stewart, 
for dealing, in the houfe of Mr. 'Goodman' 
in the Strand, where ihe obtained a cook'a 
place by a feigned' charadtcr, a fifty pound 
Bank note, and twenty.one guineas, the pro- 
perty of Mrs. Morgan, his wife's filler. 
' Tntfity 12. 

An unfortunate rtnfmtrt took place this 
morning u|)on Blacklieath, between Mr. 
Graham, an eminent Special Pleader, of the 
Temple, aiul Mr. Julius, a pupil in the oiffioo 
of MelL Gradiams, Attomies, of Lincoln V 
Inn, who are brothers of the former* 

The parties had dined together, at th« 
Houfe of Mr. Black, the furveyor, upon £p* 
ping Foreft, on Sur^ay j and, after dinner, 
having drunk freely, the latter expraffinf; 
feme firee opinions concerning religion, much 
abrupt language pafled betweenthero. They 
were reconciled, however, on that day, and 
Jietumed to town in the fame carriage. 

On Monday they met iigain, after dioner^ 
at the chamber* of Mr. Graham, Lincoln's- 
Inn, the brother of the deceafed, where the 
difppte was imforuinately renewed, though 
apparently without malignity. No diallenge 
was given that night; but in the enfuing 
morning the deceafed called upon Mr. J.e* 
lius for an apology for fiime expreflioiist 
which being refufed,tl)ey went out together, 
Mr. Graham attended by Mr. Ellis, and Mrw 
Julius by Mr. Maxwell. 

A pupil of an eminent furgeon^accompa- 
nied them to Blackheach, where Mr. Gra* 
ham fell by a (hot w hich palfed almoft thro* 
the lower part of the bcUy. He was brought 
to town in a poft-chaife, and the exeitiont 
of the moft eminent of the faculty were ia 
vain ufed for his relief. Tlie ball having 
laiil open the femoral artery, and it being 
impofiible to flop the difchar^e of Kkwd, be 
expired in the afternoon of tlie next day. 

Mr. Graham was a gentleman of confi« 
derable eminenee in his profeilion, and of 
an el^eenK;d character in private life. 
■ '■ I » i I— 1.—— » 

• We are happy to Sidd, that John Smith 
and Robert Godfrey, two more of this gan^, 
who robbed Mr. Mazzingi of CheOiunt near 
the fame fpot, while their accomplices were 
under fentence of death, liave been fiuac ap* 
prehended; aod WCfO ci^pitaU^ cunvi^f^ o« 
tbczotll. 



I'jgul DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 673 



Mr. Jnliiw h lUe fon of a very re(]pe6taW» 
flUomcy at St. Kilt's, andl is faiJ noi to have 
been the lea^» to blame in ihi* quarrel. 

Thefe gentlemen liad been for fome time 
•xtiemely inttmace» anJ arc not fufpeaed 
to have had any ferimn caufe of quarrel. 
Some liarth words tney might, pcrhnp?, have 
nfed ; anJ the remembrance of thefe might 
have excited a diflike, bat certainly not fuch 
at to make eiil»€r defne the life -of bis ad- 
verfary. The duel, tliercfore, like moft 
others, was the conftquence of an ahfurd 
vnwaitantahle f^Ar of wiiat might be faid 
end thought, if they did not exiwfc Ihcir 
tivef to each other. 

' This day about fifteen humlrctl Gcrttlemert 
met at the Oown ami Anchc»r Tavern in 
tlM Strand, to celebrate the Anni^erfary of 
Che Frencli Revoiotitm i anion^ft whom 
were Doaors Kippis^ Towers, and Rces. 

Lord Stanhope, in conffequence t»f the ad- 
vice of his fneMs, not being prcfent j George 
Rmw, Efq. was called to the ch;«ir- 

Tl>e dinner^ ctMtfifting of a ptcmiful and 
excellent cold Collation, being ftnithed, the 
following toafts were drank s 

1. The Rights of Mao. 

a, Tlie Natiw, the Law, and the King. 

3. The Revolution in France; and may 
the liberty of that country be immortal ! 

4. The Revolution in P«>bniU 

5. May Revolutions never ccafetill dcf- 
poCiTm is exttnA ! 

6. May Great Britain and France, fcrget- 
liil of antient enmities, unite in promoting 
the freedom and happinefs of mankind ! 

7. The Sovereignty of the People, ading 
by a free Reprefentation in every Nation. 

An Ode, written for ths occafion by Mr. 
Merry, was then recited by llie Rev. Mr. 
Jenkins j and tlu^ of its ilanzas wei* fung 
by Sedgwick, who was ihitioned, with a 
linall band of muficiaiis and diorus-fmgers, 
la the balcony over the door. The mufick 
DVas the compofnion of Stoface, and the fong 
met with a loOd Mcoi-i. The llanzas are 
tbefef 

" FILL high the animating glafs, 
'And let th* elearic ruby paft 
From hand to hand, from foUl to foul } 
Who fhaU the energy cooiroul, 
Exalted, pure. refin'd> 
The Health of Homankind t 

Not now a venal tribe OLiU raife 
The fung of proftitntcd praife 
To Sovereigns wlw havey//*Vkhcir pow'r: 
' But at litis gay, this lih*ral homv 
We blefs what Heav'n dofipM, 
The Health of Humankind 1 

We turn indignant from each caofe 
Of Mah'f difmay j from partial laws. 
From Kings who vainly ieek by flight 
T«ihunt1»ebUz«^ morallight; 
OftKT. Mao. Ju^f I7$u 

XI 



We bleft what Heav'ii defign'd^ 
The Health-of Homankind !" 

t. The increafed, ir.creafmg, and (acred 
Ftame of L»berty 

9. Perfe^ freedom, inllead of loIeratioOf 
in matters of religiiHi. 
* I p. Tl»« Liberty of the Preft. 

11. The Trial by Jury ; and may the 
Rights of Juiymen to prote^ the innocent 
for ever remain inviolate ! 

12. The literary clwrartcrs who have vin- 
dicated the Rights of Man ; and may genius . 
ever be employed in the Caufe of Freedom I 

1 7, Tlianks to Mr. Burke for the difcuf- 
fion he has introduced. 

14. The Patriots oT France. 

15. To the memory of ihofe Cititcn"; who 
have died in France for the liberty of ilieir 
country. 

1 6 The Friends of the French Revolution, 

In and out of Parliament. 

17. The free principles of the Britifti Con- 
ilitution. 

18. Ireland, and her^band of patriots. 

19. General Walhington, and the liberty 
of North America. 

ao. To {he memory of Dr. Price, the 
j^p^ie ofLthrty, and Iricnd of Mankind 

'21. To the memory of Hampden, Milton, 
Sidney, Locke, and Franklin. 

- A native of France •, who had formerly 
been a Member of the F^ariiament of Namz, 
poffefled the title of Marquis, and encoun- 
tered much perfof^l danger by his druggies 
for liberty previocB to the French Revolu- 
tion, tlwn expnffled a defire of addreifuig 
the company on the fubieA of their meeting ; 
which being acceded to, he did, iu the fol- 
lowing terms k 
« Gemlemen, 

** In celebrating a iecond time in this Em* 
^ire the moft peaGe.nble and the wifeft Re- 
volution, you become a proof of its advan- 
tage, in announcing the wifhes of Englifh- 
men for an union, which would be fo agtee- 
able to Frenchmen I 

** Such is. Gentlemen, the advantage of 
the reign of Liberty and Equ.dity, which, 
under the influence of the rights of the for- 
mer, and the want of the latter, has expelled 
animofities, and left, inflerd of the fcoitrge 
of feodality and monarchifro, more facility 
in the intercoui fe between men and nations. 

«• This Aflembly of Freemen, in the heart 
of a metmpoKs as well diftinguiibed by its 
flourilhing trade as by its enlightened fpirit, 
adds to the celebrity of the Englifh chara^ler, 
in offering to the friends of Che French Con- 
ftitution the glorious opportunity of meeting 
with tlie gmeroos friends of their triun\{>h. 

** Though 1 liave neither public nor pri- 
vate commiflion to addreis to you tlte fai- 
— ' pf ■' '■■ I ■'• «" ' ' - 

1^ M. Coueflic, whofe Addrefs to hie 
Oountry was reviewed, vol. LX. p. 58. 

(imrncs 



A 



^y^. OMnthn 9f ti)i Tftnctk Revobiibft. [Jrift 

intents of my fellow* citizens {,j3rtt» is affi- » (otktf m EnglnAi whkhi f^arb'fcipiKifafc to 
I'tated to one of thofe philanibr^pic Tocteties tlM» triumph of fhb Frenoh4>eot>le> and ad- 
devoted to the tlelVruAion of ilefpotifn^ I miring Uiat fydam of the rights of men, hoM 
tannot reftmin my voice iinJer the allxircf given roe an ofiponcinity of reneutiig lieic, 
ment of the fuccefsof French Liberty, in ii as among brotheis.'aiy liomage to the aew 
fociety whichappearsUtftincd to become the oonditution of France, witliout dimifiilfaing 
firft tie of the union of two people fo well the refpe^ 1 peculiarly profeii for that of 
^^pted for mutual correfpondence,' Bnglaud.'* 

« H(iw llauering it is to me Genttetnea^ The -above fpeech, it muft be conA^ed^ 

to affure you, withont fear of contradidion^ contains many Gallicifms « hut its oompoiv* 

that the French are proud of your fuffragcs, tion may on Uie whok be admired, when wc 

iuul of the generous defence you have op- confider ttie diladvantages under which the 

pofed to the confpiren againft the popular author laboured as a Frenchman, 

caufe. Mr Rous tlien ftated, that though it wat 

•« While, the French, Under the public his wilh, fuch was his love of the caufe they 
wiih, were proceeding in thcif courageous were applamting* to At till midnight ; yet he 
and admired labours towai'ds forming a fyf- thought, that, as the intentions of tlie' fo« 
tern which embraces the caufe of mankind^ ciety had been fo grofsly mifrepreiiented in 
their rights, and the relations of their futuie the daily prinu, the beft anfwer they could 
happinefs, you have extra^ed from political give to fuch accufations would he, after liav* 
philofophy, aided by a century's experience, ing enjoyed a temperate repaft, and conU- 
a column of rays drawn from tb* jawu ficui ally rejoiced ovei* the deH ruction of defpot- 
in fupport of the riglits of men ; and you ifm in France, to retire early and quietly to 
have engaged yonrfelves in refuting tlioft their homes. The company appix>ved, and 
|»remature and abfurd retleflicns of preju- immediately acquJefced io that rootkn, re- 
dice trembling at the challenge of rcafon, as tiring chearfuUy and peaceably. 
if at this inftant France ihoutd find among But although this meeting in London wat 
iiic antient Britons her heft fopportcrs, after happily attended hy no wotle conijequences 
having among them ftudied the Arft elTays than a few wiiulows being broken, y^st hu- 
of dvil liberty, and obferved the firll mo- manity fiiudders at relating the dreadful ca- 
dels of its defenders^ lamities which followed the commenionitioa 

^ Permit me, Gentlennen, as a French- of this day in the extenfive and opulent town 

man, bom a Breton, to anticipate the airur<* of Birmingham i where adi»ad^ not bnike 

anoes of tlie friend(hip of all the Societies of forth, like a thunder-ftorm in a fun-lhtning 

the French Conftitutions and even morei day, from a quarter lealb expected, whicti 

the admiration of every Frenchman, feiifihle fpread an alarm doc only mi that town, but iit 

of y^ur generous and patriotic homage* tlie whole ccniotry for many niiles round ; and 

" 1 api^eared among yc^ laft year, under Cbur€b ami King ! was the cry of the rioters, 

the aufpices of a virtuous man, one of the tho* neither had been thought in any danger 

forerunners of that fovereign rcafon, now for nearly lialf a century before, 

feated, in the room of tyramiy, on the throne Six copies of a feditious hand-lnll had lieea 

of civil equality. But, Gentlemen, Dr. Price, left early in the week, by ibmc peribn un- 

whofe excellent morals were expanded thrij? known, in a public- houfe ; which, having 

the two worlds, is no more among us, except been very generally copied, caufed no fmaii 

in a remembrance, which will be tranfmitted fermenution in the minds of the people. A 

to future generations, for the immortality of reward of loo guineas was offered by the 

his name, if I i-epeat here the name of one of magiftrates for difcovering the author, prtn* 

6ur patrons, and one of the fathers t>f civil ter, or puhlifher, of this paper, 

and religious tolerance, it is becaufe the name The following advertiieroent was aUb ctii> 

of Price is infe|iahd>le from the idea of peace culated t 

and univedial liberty; for he has loft their « BiaMiNOMAM CoMMtMoRJiTiov dr 

rules in his profound and celebrated writings^ tub Frsmoh Rktolution. 

and their feeds in his focial and private vir- <« Several hand^htlls having been drcclMed 

tues. May the regret, of which we, as well in the town, which can only be intended to 

as all the fmcere friends of mankind, are all create diftrof^ ioncerning the intention of the 

fenfible, and with which 1 am perfenally meeting, to dillurb its harmony, and in^ame 

affieaed, become additional means of our the minds of tlw people ; the gentlemen who 

purfuing the wifh he exprelfcd laft year propufed it think it necel&ry to declare their 

aroidft all your fylirages I entire difapprobation of all fuch hand-bills^ 

*< And may I, Gentlemen, af^ having and their ignoiancc of the authors. — Senfiblc 

lived foroe time under the Uws of England, tliemfelves of the advantages of a free go^ 

£nd one day the happy oceaflon of enhanc- vemment, they rejoice in the extenfion of 

ing, if it IS pofhble, the efteem of my fellow- liberty to their neighbours, at the fame tHbe 

citizens for a nation fo diftingnUhed by its avowing, in the moA ecplidt manner, their 

induftry, its purity of manners, and su leive firm attachment to the Conftitutton of their 

«f liberty 1 owncouotryjaf.4^ediailMtfarettftaiesof 

« 1 fiiel my W hooourid in having found KJdb 



179 »•] 



pifftifubrt tfiht Miau at BirmiaglKKn* 



675 



H^'wgg tordt, aod Cpmrooas i— fqrely, oa 
fru'Urm Bwffijbmam can refrain from exult- 
ing in this ailiUiioo to tli^ general mais of hu« 
man liapptnefs. It is th^ caufe of buma^ujt 
it is cbe Cj^ufe of the people. 

•* Sirmimibam, July 13, |7<>f." 
Oo Thurfday the i4tli, upwards of, 90 gen- 
tleroen met at the Hotel, to -commeinorate 
the French Revolution. 

A few hours before they met, it was pro« 
pofed (iee p-599) toxi reflate what follotvs : 

*^ IJtTJtllUEO CoMMf MORATION OF TUX 

Frincu Rivolvtion. 

<< The friends of tlie ij^ended feftivity 
finding tliat their views »id intentiwn*:, \x% 
confequence of being miicoaceived by fome, 
and mifreprefetUed by others, have created 
an alarm in the minds of tlie. majority of the 
town, and, it is tlioaght,. endangered its 
tpni}uilUty, infurm their neighboiu^, tliat 
liiey value the peace of the ^wn far beyond 
tt>e gasification, of a feilival, and therefore. 
have determined to give up ttieir intentions 
of dining at the Hotel upon this oocafion ; 
and fhcy very gladly improve this renewed' 
opportunity of dedaring, that they are to thii 
hour entirety ignorant of the author, printer, 
or publisher, of the inflamip$itory hand-bill 
(jircuUted on Monday." 

'ihe meeting was, however, held ; and 
in the aEcemoon, a confiderable number 
of peribns gfthercd round the Hotel, hif- 
/mg^ groaning, and hallooing, at the gen- 
tlemen.^ they affembled ; and, fubfc'*. 
queue iq their departure (which happened 
tiyo l)ouj)(-aft^r), eyery window in tlie front, 
was completely demoUniedyjwtwithilanding. 
the. periboal appearance and ieterference of 
t^. magiilrates } the^mob ipfiftington the 
doors beuig <i|^ened, that they might go into 
ilie room and iee who were left ; and it was 
qoly by aHowing five or fix at a time to go in 
and C^tiiiy themfelves that nol^ody wa^ there* 

Tlie n>obnext attacked the New Meeting* 
luniiiB ^Dr. Prieilley's) ; and, after ti7ing in 
vain^tq tear up the (eats, i^. t^ey fet it on 
t\t, and nothing remains that could be coa-. 
fumed. 

The Old Meeting-houiip w:^ complecelyi 
emptied of puipit, pews, &c which' were 
bonDt in the adjoining burying-rground, and 
afterwards the building was levelled nearly 
with the ground; it being conQdered dan- 
gerous, from its fituatioo, to fet it on fire. 

Dr. FricOley's houfe at taii^hUl (a mile 
ipA a half from hence) from which the Doc- 
tor hati efcaped hut tkdf an hour before, next 
met a iimiiar iate, with the whqle of his Va- 
luable Ijbiary, and more valuable colle<5li<Hi 
•f. apparatus for philofophical experiments. 
Here one uf the rioters was killed by the fall- 
ipg of a comice'ilone. 

On Friday ofioming this in^tuated, mob 
cotttinucd their depredations, fur tliere was 
DO armed force in the town, and the civil 
power was not fufhcient tu reprefis them. 
Armed v\ ith blndgeoiis, Icct and vociferat- 
I 



iiQg ** Chnrch and King f'^ they fprntd ter» 
ror wherever they appeared. 

A numbei^ of gentlemen met them early 
in the morning, aud peifUftded tl>«mlodraw 
off from the houfes they had threatened into 
tl)e Bull-ring, and prey^iled 09 many to de» 
lift, and even join (hem againil( the reft \ a 
iiren&iJet of wliom» about noon, attacked and 
demoltfhed tjie elegant manfion of Mr. Jbha 
Rjfl^ (late Mr. ^a/K^rviU^^^ at £efy-iiiUf 
where many of the rioters, who were ^Irunkt 
periflied ia the cellars, eitlier by the flames, 
fufliKation, er by the falling* in of the roof« 
Six p<?or wretches,, terribly. hruifed, were 
got put. alive, and ;ire,n()w in the hnfpital; 
and ten dead bodies lave fmce been dug out 
^f4he Fuias; -but a man, who had remained 
ini|tinr^l in one of tl^ y^idts from the prei' 
ceding Friday, worked h'ls way out on Mon- 
day with little if^ury. - ; 

This afternoon the m^Aiflfrates, anxious tp-, 
preferve the town fr(>n|.fMrtber outrages un^ 
til military aid co Id he procured, attended^ 
^fifX fwore-in^ foioe hundreds as additional 
conftable;, who, with .n^op-itaves iu their. 
l>ar|ds, marched up tp Mr. Rf land's to dif- 
perfe the mob, who at firfl' gave way, bu( 
ralljfing, after a Aoiit con^i^, in which ma^ 
ny wert iever^ly wounded, the peJJ't comitate 
were obliged to reiiiv without etfef^ing any 
ufe^ purpofe, the mob being rather infiam- 
ed by this partial rehftaoce. 

Bordelky-hail, the country . refidence o£ 
John Taylor, efq. an eminent banker, bujlc 
r^ his fathet:, after the groatell i>art of 
its fpiend'id furniture h^ been ddmoUftied 
or carried away, was fet 00 fire, together 
with tl)e out-pfTices, ftablef, ricks of hay, 
kQ- 9pd altog<}ther exhibited a mofl tnemeii* 
dous icene of devaftation. Zvery exertion t0> 
preferve this elegant (eat was madeby Cni)!.- 
Carver, but iq vain j during wliie^ hisfrieqda 
ranfomed the plate and v^livtbleSL- ui^ipfYt-rn 
ingvthem his purfe witli loa guineas to lave 
the houle, he was hu(|kd fimidA the crowdy 
with a^cry of ** Nq bribery I" apd n.ii|fowly 
efcaped their fury. Several farovhoiitcs be- 
iongir.g to Mr. f. in the country are alfo 
burnt an4 deitroyed. 

In the night of Fritlay, the. Iwufe of Mr. 
Hi'ttoQ (the ingenious and worthy Hiflof ian of 
Birmingh.im), in Hig^fWeet, was completely 
ftripped, his large d^k. of paper, hi^ very 
valuable library of books, and :)ll his furni- 
ture, dedroyed or carrietl away. Fire was fe« 
veral times brought by a woman (fiu* women 
am! hoys were paiiicularly a^ive in all the 
depredations), b^tt the majority of the popu- 
lace, in tendemefs to tlie town, %% ould noC 
fuflfer it to he npphed. 

From Mr Hulton's town-houfe they pro- 
ceeiled to his country- houfe at Wafhwood- 
heath, about three miles fi-om town, which, 
with its ofHcev, they reduced to j|(bes. 

Saturday morning the rioters made an at- 
tack on Mr. G. Humphiey's elegant iiqufe ac 
Spark- bi'ouk^ but were repuUed, ai^d one 

raaa 



676 Parttcuhrs of the Riots at BlnningJiatn. IJ^T^ 



man killed; the mob, however, en a fecond wu immeJiateljr Wl^MraXtdi and 
attack, carried their point, and went off af morning every thing was t«»leraWy quirt. bWt 
ler ranfacking the houfe .oC all its valuable the rioters were ftill continuing the«r depre* 
fsmitui^,- but did not btim it. daiions Hi the country. 

Mr. WWliam Ruflfers hoofe, at ShoWell- Their vifits to Mr.HuntTs, at iM-idy woodp 

green, experienced all the violence of ftre Mr. Coa'/s at Five way?, and Dr. AVHher- 

and devaftation ' ihjfs, EdgK^on-hall, were attended with 

The houfe of Mr. T. JHawkes, Mofel^- great arartn,'»but not the injur, reportcd- 

waKe-green, was ftripped.of its furniture, Tlicy cxhaiift«»Uhe celkirs at each place, anJ 

which was either broken lo-pieces, or car- neccived vanons foms of monfey to prevent 

fiedaway. their proceeding to fiirtlicr violence, bin 

Mofcley-hall. th* refidenco of the Dow- were at the hft-mentioncd |>|ace in great 

ager Coontefs of Cariwmpion,*biit the firo- foicc at the ti uc the troops ^rrrvcd ; which 

fmfty of John Taylor, efq., Mr. HarwotnTs, they no foonrr had intimation of than they 

and Mr. H«*ron*s, a Dilfenting Minillir, began to Uliik off in fmail p.irtie5, and the 

iVei'e all on fire at ooce, peafantry, tatking courage, put the reft to 

Lady Cariiampion, wlio is m*<her to CKef flight in vaiious dircAions. 
Dutcltefsof Comberiaod. and blind, had no- So rapid were the light-horfe in thcJr 
tice on the preceding day to remove her roiae for the rcbcf of !h«s place, that they 
effe^b, as their vcngctnce waS m>t diro^d came here in one d ^y f»<Mn NotTiirRham, a 
againft fier: tlie good bl,d lady gave dii^c- dirt.-^ncc of 59 mdes, bit to t «c great miwrf 
tions acconHngly; and Sir Robert and Cap- of iheir horfcs, one of which, a famous old 
toin Lawley immediately attended vii their horfe, tl»at had been in the regiment 18 
noble relation, whom tltey aco»mpanied in years died the Mlowtng day. 
Clfety to Canwell, Sir Robert's feat. Monday. Three troops of the i tth tegi- 

1 he whole of Saturday bufincfs was at a ment of dragoons came in, and C<»I. Dc Lanccy 
ftand, and tlie (hops mo^ly Clo^e fliut up, to take the command. Tlic town in pcrfca- 
notwithllanding tlie appearance of the ma- fecurity, but as much cnnViicd as dtirtng tl>c 
giftrates, and feveral popular noblemen aivd three preceding days, in viewing the military , 
gentlemen, who difperfe*! hand bills, figned ihe nwib keeping al fuch a diftance as to reii- 
by tliemfelves, exhorting tliem to retire derail accounts of them dubious; at o»ie linw 
peaceably, and warning them of the conife- ftid to be 2i Akefter, the next hour aft 
qucnces to the county, who moft rcVmhui fc Bromfgrove, 3cc ; which reports, however, 
the futiwers 1 for the rtfiwits were fo vague' were refuted by ilie'Earl of Plymouth, who 
and various of tlie number and the ftrength kindly attended as a magiftrate of the ccmnty 
of the infurgentt, and having no military, of Wolr^cfter,* as did the* Rev.* Mr. Cart- 
lave a few undifciplined recruits, no force wright, of Dudley. 

could 1^ fait out again il them. In \}w after- Tucftlay. Flying runjoun of depredatione 
noon and evening, fmall partie* of three or near Hagley, Halcfowen, &c. and in the 
Ave levied contributions of meat, liqiK>i*, and" Evening certain information was reoclvedp 
money, with the fame indifference that ilicy that a party of noters were then attacking 
would levy parifh'taxes ; but the niglit paff- Mr M^le s, of Belle- vne; a few of tlie light 
ed without interruption in the:tAwn. dr.igoons immediately >vept to'his afftftancr 5 

On Simday the rioters bent tlieu- conrfe to* bU they had been prcvioully overpowered 
wnrdfKtngfwood, feven miles off, extorting' by a body of people in that rteighbonrH>od, 
m<iney and liquors by the way. There tlie and ten of them afe now confined at Halef*. 
Diffcrting meeting- houfe, and the dwelling;- otven.' • " 

hoofe of their minifter, were reduced to Wednefday. This morning the countryt 
a(ho 5 as were the premifes of Mr. Cox, far- for ten^ mllei'found, was fcoured by Jlie 
rficr, at Worftock, the fame day. Other light-horfe, but net one rioter to be mg 
fanns, merely fi»r being occupied by DiffenC- with, and all the m.innfeiflones are at xtwk. 
ers, were threriened} in ]>aiticular, ont at as if n6 intcrrupticm'had taken place. "^^^ 
Solihull. An aftive migiilrate, who had ti-oops'of the nth light dragoons marched in 
knocked down one of the alfailanis of Mr. this morning; and, on WetlneHlay the aAh, 
Hutton's lionfe, had a mob of fifty, he. ded the Oxfoi'd Blues began tlieir march from 
by that fellow, at his countr>'-houlc next day ; Stmtford and Hertford to Binnitighim. Re* 
but, v^ith great prefencc of mind, frying, he poi|s have been circulated of riotous intrn- 
WM> f^nri y he liad hmt him, miftaking his . lions Hi ShetfielJ, but, we truft, wirhimt 
p.»riy, aiul by the help of liquor, he pre- good authority. 

vailcif oil them to depart. As, we uould rather wi(h to draw a veil 

The reports of every hour of this day ap- over the intemperance of iHir fellow-fubjedls 
peai-ed calculated to excite alarm in the town, than to asjiavate their violences, we Ihall 
whilO depredation and extortion were com- not anticipate the meaftires Of Government, 
mttting in the furroondUig villages andcouu- which, we unvlcrftand, are intended (under 
try-fbfiis. tlie dircdion of the Attorney ami Solititor 

Sunday niglit, foon after ten, three troops General) to alfift the nei^fibonrlng Mtjgif-' 
of the 1 5th ligjit dragcmns xurivcd amidft the tratesln their enquiries coaccnii: :: Ihefe iia- 
acclaniaiioiis of tlie inhabiioMis. Tlie town fortui«Atc trail rai5tioi;s. 



»79''l ^f^ ^ '*^ ^'^f^ Siamps. — Summer Ch-gfiit ofthi yujgts. 677 

TTTIS Majeftf's CommiflioneTs for Managing; the Scamp Dim^ have giv^n notice, Th^ 
W X the prdent duties on Bills q£ Exch-^uj^e, Prvmiirory Notes, &c. are to ce*f9 oo lh«. 
^rli day of Augiiil ; and that, on t!ie Second d;iy of the faid month, ti\e fullowii\s nevir 
dtittes amimence : 

Kilt of Exchange, Draft, or Order, on Demaod, for 40s. an.d pot QXceediniE 5l<'5S>— « 
ilamp <hi?y of three |>«r>ce. . 

Prorniiibr)' or ochcr N6:<; to Bearer on Dcmandt re-ilTaable from time tQtime (^i*pay< 
n^icnt) where flrft iliued, fur 40^. and Rot exceetling 5U 5s. — three pencQ. 
On d*, if alMjvc 5U ;s. and not exceeding 3,1. — f»x pence. 
On d**, if ahove 30I, and nm exceeding 501. — ^hine pence, 
On d*, if above '50I. and not ej^cceding lool -^)qe (hilling;. 
On d*, if above lot 1. and nut exceeding zool. — one (hilling and fi^ pen^« 
BiU of Exchnnge, Dra^ft, or Order, othorwife ^haq op Oema^, for ^. and not exeeediog 
30I- — lix pence. 

promillot7 . or other NeCe, otheru'ife than to fte^rer on Depnand, for 40s. and not ex- 
ceeding 3ol.—ri3^. pence. 

On tr*, if ahove 3<>l. and not. eicceediog 5ol.-T nine pence, 
On d% if abo>^e 50I. and not exceeding i col.— one (hilling. 
* On d**, if aSove 100). and not excecimg tpol. — one (hilling and fix f^ce. 
rromi(T()ry or otiiei N'd^e to Bearer on Demand, re^iduahle (after paymeut) it any plice». 
- 6r 40$ aiHl not exceeding 5I. 5s. — fix pence. 

On d**, if above ^1. 5^. and n6t exceeding jol.-— oae (hilling. 

Bill of Exciunge. PriirintTory or other Note, Draft, or Order, oA Demand or otherwife, iC 
above xo:>l.^iwo thiUings. 

:. Foreign Bills of £xch.inge, that is to Tay^^ Bilk drawn in Great Britain vpon Foreign 
Countries, e:»ch, if not exceed^g looL — fix peoce. 
~ On d^, if above locl. and not e)iceedtng sqgL — nine pence. 
On df, if above 2ool. — one (hilling. 

N- B. Every Bill of each fett of tuch Bills is chnrgeahle with therefpe^ive duties. 
1 be Notes and Bills of the Bank of England require no fbmp. 

Drafts or Orders for the Payment of Money 10 Beiirer on Demand, hearing date on or 
. befjore the day the (ame ilfued, and at the place where drawn ^and iifued, upon a Banker 
. reiiding within tea miles of tlicTpl^ce where fuch Dra'ts or Ordeis (hall be a^hially drawn 
and iSXiied, require no (tamp. 

4-f 4* All |>erfons having m their cullody any paper for Bills of Exchange^ Fromiflbry 
Koies, &c. damped under the a^ t3 Geo. ill. are required to fend the fame to tlie faid 
Commillioners, at their Ue.id Olfice, within thirty days after the f;dd i H of Augufl, in order 
fo their being exchanged, if rendered ufeiefs, fur other (lamps of equal value under this ad^. 

CIRCUITS or : THE JUDGE sT 



(summer 

CIRCUIT. 
179'' 



NujtroLK. WesT&KN. OxKORU. Ho>U. iVlli>LANU, NuicrMAay 



L. Kenyon. 
J. Allihurft. 



L.Loughbo* L.C.B.Eyre 
J. Bulier. I J. Heath* 



rhiirCJu.38 
Saturday 30 
Mon. Aug. I 
Tuefday 2 
VVednefd. 3 
Thursday 4 
Frid.iy 5 
Saturilay 6 
Monday 8 
Wedneld. lo 
Thui fd. 1 1 
Satmday 13 
luefd.iy 16 
Wcdnefd. 17 
Thurfd. 18 
Satin d;iy 20 
Monday 22 
Wediieiii. 24 
Friday 26 
Monday 29 
Wedn«fd.3i 
Saiur. Sept. 3I - 



Buckingham 



f 



jAbii^don 



Bedford 



. 



WJnchcfter Oxford 



. 



HnntingdonJSalilbury 



Cambridge 



UurySt.Edm 



DorcheAer 



SnAol 



Norw.& city J Bridgewatei 



.1 



Exon & City 



WorcAc City 



Glen.&Ciy 



Monn*^uth I Lewes 
Hereford 



I 



. Gould. 
VVUfon. 



Hertford 



Clielmsford 



Maidllone 



Shreu'lbury 
1 

Stafford 



Bodmin 



Croyden 



B. Hotliam. 
B. Perry n. 



Northampt, 



Okeham 
Lmc.& City 



J. Grofc. 
B. Thomfon 



York&City 

i 



NonJcTown 
Derby 



Leic. it Bor. 



Coventry & 
[Warwick 



Durham 



Newca(lle& 
[town 



CarUde 



Appleby 
Laaca(ler 



^y I 



r. 494. The Baron Hogfieian was defccn<}cd 
kotn ^ fVencAmuin, whit^ in the beginning ttf 
^ nrefent century,* was one of the greateft 
liirtxei's in Enro|>e. During the war for the 
Spanith fwcceflion he was fiTcqucnily em- 
^oyed by tlic French Mhiiftry in remitting 
lumls intended fur the mainteoance of the 
FiWKh ritmies, either in Spain, Italy, Ger- 
many, or Flandci-s. <>n a certain occafion, 
cliiring the rooft difficult period of ihnt war, 
the Fi'cnch mitiifter, M. de Ponlclianiainj^ 
being utterly at a lofs how to ni wide, with- 
out, delay, for a very confjuerable fum of 
im>ney,'fent for Huguetan, ^fned him to 
laife the money upon his own credit ; at the 
laitec lime producing hills of exchange for 
kirn to fign ; and at length infilled upon the 
figning of llie bills in fuch a nianncr that 
nugtietaiv became pofitively apprehenfive 
Icir his life, an^, Ver>' likely, with good rea- 
ftm: fo inAt' he figncd all the papers that 
were offered to htm. As fodn as he had re- 
amed to his Ofvn houfe, . he immeiliately, 
and by the poft of the fame day, wrote to all 
Ihofc nen'ons upon whom the bills were 
S%wt\t *for the purpofe of cautioning them 
againft p:iying ihofe bills, which, he faid,l)ad 
been obtained from him by Force; and as 
foon as he h;ul feni his letters, he took poft, 
and fled to Holland. The bilU were accord- 
incly reCufied to be pnidj and the French 
Mini^ler rcfolved to he revenccd for the fe- 
Vfere difnppointmenl he had experienced on 
Aat occahon. He fcnt an cmilfary to Hol- 
mdy who w^ to endeavour to feize u|x)n 
lugueian's pcKon, and bring him alive to 
'ranee. The emiflary made enquiry, and 
Iftund out that Huguetan had taken (heUer 
in a village or froall town in North Holland. 
Herepaired to the place, and, by ufing fuch 
act&^as-aMCooMnon^ pra^led by thofe vil- 
Liins who accept commilhons of this kind, 
he got acquainted with Huguetan; more- 
Qver, he prevailed upon liim to lay afide his 
diftrjft, or fufpicions. At length a favour- 
able opjwriunity oflfercd for the accomplifh- 
irent of the fcl^eme. The emiflai7, afridej 
by a'fcrvant he had brouglu along with him, 
fittund mcms to fcize u|wa Huguetan. They 
' gagged him, and laid him in fetters; and, 
pi^ng him in a poll-chaife, immediately fet 
out for France. They purfucd their journey 
without meeting wlih any impe*Hment, ira- 
Telling ni^ht and d««y, and avoided flopping 
any where. 1 hey were already about to pafs 
the laft Flemifh barrier, or gate. At this 

fate a cuHoro-liouic t)fhcer was flationed. 
fcie the emilT .1 y was obliged u> alight from 
the chatfe, in oix'cr to anfvyerf«)me quellions 
in The nfRce. Th»; d'7,rcti of caution with 
which he both upcticd .md flrut the dijor of 
the thaife ra'ifed tl.e cunofily of the foldicr 
on duty at th<i^ate ; width curiofity became 
]|ota little inceaftfJ by ilie fight of a large 
]»itceof filk ftuffth.it wa5 coming out iif tlie 
chaife, under the do m , »tul was pait of 
^uguetan's r»ight-g'm n ; for he lud been 



feized and c;MTiQd off in bis night-gowiw 
The myfterious manner in which tlic emifr 
(ary had alighted Yrom' the chaife, together 
wiih the fight of this piece of filk ftufl^ per^^ 
fuaded the foldier |^ fome lad/, \fpon an 
elopement, was in the chaife. He becams 
curious to have a peep at her ; and accord- 
ingly opened the chai(e-door, when, inftead. 
of that fine, gay, amorous lady he expc&e4 
to fee, he beheld a man gagged and in fetters. 
He fhut his gate, ajid immediately ^ve tlie 
alarm. The emiflary and his fcrvant (who 
was riding behind tiie chaife) were both 
feized, and fooa aftei-^brough: to triaL 

Births* 
7tf«rTK Bruton-l\iect, Berkeley -Cquare, 
16. J. Lad^ M. Stuart, a daugliter, , 

17. At Foxh:dl, near Upminfter, .Eflegc^ 
the Lady of Jofeph Efdaile, efq. a fc% 

Lastly ^ the Lady of Dr. John M'lsamarj^. 
Hayes, of Gol^den-fquare, one of the phyfi- 
cians ex,traordinary to his Royal Bighoefstlie 
Prince of Wales, a daughter. 

At Ids Lordfhip*i» feat at Kelham» co. Not-' 
tingham. the Countefs of Linculn, a daugh. , 

The Lady of Tho. B;ibiugtbn,efq. of JR.oth« 
.ley-Temple, CO. Leiccfterj a fon. 

•Jfn^'. . , 111 Uarley-ft rect, the Lady of Jacob 
Bofanguet,efq. an£. Ldire^r, afon and heir. 

a. At Suttoii'place, Suirey^ the Lady of 
John Wcbbe Wcilon, efq^. a fun. 

3. At his I^tdfhip's feat near VVindfor, th«. 
Countefs of CheOerfield, a ftill born daugh. 

4. At liis Lordfhip's hioufe in Stanhope-(lr« 
May-falrj^Vifcountefs Bayham, adaugtiter. 

9. The Lad}r of Geo. Grant, efq. of Picca^ 
dUly, a daughter. 

The Lady of J. Dew, efq. of Portland* 
place, a fon add heir# 

At Bifhop-Stort ford , Herts, the Lady of B. ^ 
C. Clarke, efq of the i ft batt. of Royal$,a fon. 1 

Tlie Lady of Rev. Rich. Ward, a daughter, i 

16. At Walton upon T hames, Surrey, the* 
Lady of Edw. Hay ward, efq. of Goldftoue>i 
Salop, a daughter. ^ 

1 7. The Lady of Hen. Bankes, efq. a dau^ 
19. In Poitman-fqu^ue, the Lady of Joha-t 

fon v\^kiiUbtiy efq. a daughter^ 



May 



fay A T St. 

X. jLX.^^^'^ 



Marriages. 
Hclen.n, EflTcj^ Hent^ Bond 

captain of the Royal Admiral 

Eaft Ii)dia-maii| to Mifs Mat7 Young, of 
that ifland. 

ym$,< 1 7. At Edinburgh, Sir fames Foulis^ 
bart. of Coliugron, to Mif^ MargaVet Dallas. 
21. At Palmerfton-liuufe, near* Dublin, by 
, fpecial licence, Tlw. Smith, efq. of the l,imer| 
Temple, to the Hon. Mifs Mary Hely Huich-j 
infiin, daughter of the late Secrctaiy of Sute 
of JieU)nd,aiul lifter to Lord Douo2*»moi^ ^ 
zj. At York, tlie Rev* John Forih, M. A. 
chaplain to the Karl of CarhTle; and fellow 
of Jefus Ctdlcge, Cambridge, to Mif; Wood* 
houfe, niece to the late Jas. VV. efq.«»f Ytnk. 
At F.nningley, Mr. R. Duiihill, fon of Jn. 

^-^ D.»Ii4. 



791.11 



Mtrriagit of etnJatrraUt Ptrjiht. 



M 



A fine 



l>. efq. mayt>r of 06ndrfl«r^ to Mift 
Smith, of Hj{^<Ai!», near thnt town. 

At Wbrttngi neir Baiin^f^oke, Hants, "Ed- 
ward Laaoy efq. of Worting Ibd^e, in the 
fame coitaty, to Mifs Alton, daiigh. of Capt-. 
A. of the royal navf . 

Mr. Geo. Parker, of EdenhaniyCo. Lincoln, 
Co Miis Steel, of Lincoln. 

a4. At Manchefter, Mr. N». HcywootI, 
merchant, of Liverpool, to Mifs Percival, 
eUleft daughter of Dr. P. of Manchcfter. 

At Edirtbiirgb, Capt. Alex. CimnioRhnro, 
of the royal navy, to Mi£$ Jane Scott, daugh- 
ter of the late B>r. Jn. S. of Coiis. 

15* At DiiMirt, Capt. Saunders, of the i)(H 
regtnnent of dntgoons, to Mils Smith, ekl^ 
daughter of AUIermmi S. 

Pct«r Clark, efq. of Fenchurch-ftrcet, t6 
Mils Mary Doild, of Tavlftock-f*. Gov.-ganf. 



At Kirton 7h doflahd, co. Undbfe; Ma 
£verard,of Durington, nearSlea^d, 16 MtS 
Turfiit, of Kirton. 

• Jm^ 1. Fraitcis WttielJ, feftl. of Weft MaU 
fing, Kent, to Mifs Lttcy Peifftft, id d.-i.igS- 
ter of Di'. p. of the fame plnci. 

4. At Wakertfcy, cO. North.iftipton, Loti 
Sherrard, only fon of the Earl of Harbd^ 
rough, to Mifs Eleanor Moncktbn, younged 
dangliter of the rfon. J^hn M. of Finefti^Je- 

At Crnthorne, co. York, James Barchall, 
M.D. to Mifs Anne Brigham, daughter of Jr|. 
B. efq. of Riclunond, co. Vork. 

A: Ooadbyt co Leiccfter, Mr. fn. Gootd, 
mnflcrof the mathematical ac^idcmy at SpaU!^ 
ing, CO. Lincpin, to Mifs Hfrmietta Davert^ 
pr^rt, daughter of tlie Rev. Tho. D, vicar tf, 
Wyfall, CO. Nettingham. 

5. At Ealing, Middlefex, Wm. Segerjcfq. 



Mr. Jn. F.M'fyth, of Bridge- ftreet, to Mift T>f Harrow, to Mrs. Hunt, reli<f^ of James H. 



Charlotte Hitchcock. 

«7. Liberty Taylor, efq. hroihcr to the 
M P. ftn* M.iiidftone, to Mifs Allen, of Maid- 
ilune, daagUer of Capt. A. who was nearly 
related to Lord AmherlL 

aS. John Hogge, efq. of LincolnVinn, i6 
Mifs Jones, of Braincree, Elfex. 

Charles Worihington, efq. of Lincoln's- inn, 
to Mifs Eliz. Maude, dallgH^er of the late 
James M.efq. of New Broad -ftr.-buildings. 

Rev. Henry Wakeh3m,fecond fon of Rev. 
Dr. VV. dean of B<Kking, to .Mifs Jane Not* 
Cklge, third dau. of Jofiah N. efq. of Bocking. 

At Nottingham, Rev. Mr. Black (haw, late 
ininilUrof a Baptifl meeting in Hervey-lanc, 
l»eiiie(ler, to Mif^ Robinfon. 

19. Rev. Henry Hatton, to Mifs Pepperell, 
elileft daughter of Sir Wm. P. Ixut. of H;u- 
ley-ftreet, Cavendiih-fquare. 

Rev. Mr. Wilby, to Mifs Wiggington, both 
6f King^S Cliffif, co. Northampton. 

30. At Shcepcy, co. Leiccfter, Rowland 
Farmer Okeover, efq. of Old bury, to Mrs. 
Nolden, of Sheepy. 

At Hull, Mr. John Green, merchant, and 
en« of the elder brethren of the Trinity- 
hmife, to Mrf . Moore, widow of the late Mr* 
M. fen. merchant, of that town. 

Loiffy, at Kirkhampton^ in Cumberland, 
Mr. Thomas Smith, iigsd 70, to Mifs Eliz. 
Brown, aged 19. 

At Powerdock, co. Dorfct, Mr. Richard 
Harbin, aged 80, to Mife Oale, aged t8. 

At the feat of the Right Hon. John Bereft 
ford, in Ireland, Wm. Reyuell, efq. eldt^ft 
fon of Ji»lm R. ^fq. ofCaftle Reyuell, co. 
'^cftmetuh, to Mifs Montgomery, daughter 
•f tlie late Sir Wm. M. bart. 

At Dublin, Conyngliam Jones, efq. of Dot* 
hrdftowrt, co. Meath, lieutenanir in the 4th 
regiment of drago,<ns,and aid de camp to the 
lA>rd Lieutenant) to MKs Sliawe. 

At Nailftoti, CO. Leleefter) Rev. E. Rey* 
Mlds, fellow of Brai^n Nofe College, Oxford, 
10 Mil) Kitowles, of NMUIron» 

At Bofton, CO, Lirtooln; Mr. PhllHps, wool- 
Aa<M^,ofLouch»t6Mi&M«aKe>o#b4»ft6ni ' 



efq. late of Union-hall, Herts. 

7. Mr. Tho. Breach, of Patcrnofler-row, 
to Mifs Donne, of Nei*wich. 

Mr. Clarke, of Barnfley, co.York, attor^- 
fley, to Mifs Grace, of Stixwold, co. I,in'c. 

Mr. R.Wcbfter, farmer, of Maxcy, co. 
Line, to Mifs Mary Grilhn, of Borough-fen. 

At Bradford, Rev. Wm. Atkinfon, fellow 
of Jefus College, Cambridge, to Mifs Cot* 
lam, fifter of Cha. Milner, efq. of Kent. 

8. Rev. James Davenport, D. P. vicar of 
Stratford ui>on Avon, to Mift Webb, onlf 
daughter of the Lite John W. efq. of Sllcr- 
bome, near Warwick. 

9. At Newington, Surrey, Jof. Echalaz^ 
efq. of Upper Clapton, to Mifs Mary Al^ 
lager, of Newington. 

At Bath, John Manlcyj dq. late capraiA 
in the 3^d re.;;nncnt of foot, to Mifs Liflc. 

10. At Bath, Mr. Peter Carey, to Mift 
Eliz. Brctton, both of that city. 

11. Sir Ncifou Ry croft, hart, of Calton^ 
CO. York, to Mifs Read, youngeft daughter 
of the late Henry R.efq,. ofCrowootl, Wilts. 

Rev. Geo. Turnor, re<S^ar of Panion; co. 
Lincoln, to Mifs Hanmcr, d.uigh.ot the la:e 
Sir Walden H. bart. 0/ Hanmer, co. Flint. 

At Shcepey, co. Leiccftcr, Mr. James Rid- 
ley, chfmift and druggitV, to Mifs Jane Feaiie'«i^ 
field, of Grcndon, co. vVarwick. . 

Mr. James Cropper, joiner, to Mift Red- 
man, both of Sleafonl, co. Lincoln. 

12. At Stanrtead, Herts, Capt. Stephen 
George Church, of the royal navy, to Mift 
Maria Kempe, elJeft daug^hter of Ju. Tabtir 
K.efq. of St. Margai'et's- place, in lame co. 

At Nottingham, Mr. Rich. Fowler, fon of 
Mr. F. attorney, at Derby, to Mrs M.addoc:i, 
widow of N^r. M. furgeon, of Notiugham. 

Rev. Cha. Holland, of Barktvith, to Mifi^ 
Wilkinfon, of L;eigton, near Wragby, Line. ^ 

13. John Chardin Mufgrave, efq elde^ 
fbn of Sir Philip M. baft to Mil's Filmer, 
daughter of Rev. Edmtnd F. rcdor of cruH- 
dale, Kent, and niece to Sir John F. b.art. 

•At Claybrook, co. Leicefler, Mr. LGnio-i 
c«ck, to Mifs Aiuu: Blackley. ' 

At 



68o 



Marriages and Daohs »f tmnM Ptrfons, 



tJuJri 



. At Wan^fwQith,Tho. Were, efq. of Rrtad- 
^ftrtety to Mifs Steele, of Woodbridse-dreeCy 
•ue of the people called Qoakers. 

At Sali(bury, Rev. Wm. Moody, jnnly fon 
«f Wm M. efq. of Bathampioo, XVtlu^ to 
M lis Twells, only fmriving daughter of the 
late Rev. Leonard T, re^or of Thakenliam, 
CO. Suffex. 

. 14. Ralph Hamilton) efq. of the 3d reg. of 
guards, to Mifs Green, of James-ftreet 

Mr. H. Wiiham, furgeun, of Great Queen- 
llreet, Lincoln's inn- fields, to Mifs Elizabeth 
Xdiigdale, daughter of tite late Tho. L. efq. 

At Plymtree, Devon) Richard' tilike, efq. 
merchant, of Brifto), to Miis Harwaid, dau. 
of the Dean of Exeter* 

At Shrewfljury, Mr, Edw. Pryce, grocer, 
to Mifs Olney, only daughter of Othea O.efq. 
•f the fame place, late of Doctors Commons. 

16. At Pancras, Mr. Pitman, fon of Mr. 
T. of Charlotte- ttrect, Raihbonc-place, to 
>f i(s Simmons, of Morcimer-ilreec. 

Rev. Geo. MiiUy, LL.D. mader of an aca* 
demy at Putney, to Mifs Foord. 

At Greenwich, John Heapy, efq. of AU 
dermanbury, to Mifs Sparkes, of Blackheath, 
daughter of the late Jofeph S. el<i. 

At Tadcafter, Archibald Fletcher, efq. ad- 
voCiTe, of Edinburgh, to Mifs Eliza Dawfon, 
daughter of Miles D. efq. of Tadcafter. 

George-Auguftus Mowbray, efq. of Fora- 
caAle, CO. Durham, to Mifs Coghill. 

17. At Ripon minDer, Sir Alex. Monro, 
one of the commillioners of tlie cuHoms, and 
late conful- general hi Spain, to Mi(s John- 
llone, of Taviftock'fti-eet, Bedford- fquare, 
only daughter of the late Andrew J. efq. 
who died Feb. iS. 

18. At Hargrave, co. Noitlwmpton, Rev, 
C. W. Foonereau, to Mif$ Neale, daughter of 
Thp. N. of ipfwich, M.D. 

At Ditchling, Sulfcx, Tho- Turner, efq. of 
Old Land, to Mifs blalier, of PoAlade, near 
Brightlielmtlone. 

At Derby, Sam. Fox, efq. to Mifs Strutt, 
daughter of J . S. efq. both of that place. 

10. Mr, Geo. Bbckman, only fon of John 
Lucie B. efq. of Ch;itham-place, to Mifs 
Uarnage, daughter of Col. H. 

Rev. Dr. Lewin, of Bulhyi to Mifs Eliz. 
Capper, of the fame place. 

20. By fpecial licence, at Gantby, near 
HorodUHle, Lord Wm. Beauderk, fecond fon 
of the Duke of St. Albans, to Mifs Carter 
Thelwall, of Medboum, co. Lincoln, daught 
ter of the late Rev, Carter T. re^or of 
Broughton, in Che fame county. 

2 1. Sir f e«»rge Wombwell, bart. of Womb- 
well, CO. York, to Lady Anne Bellafyfe, fe- 
cond daughter of tl)e Earl of Fauconberg. 

Mr. Beojamia Mercbanti of Ciipplegatei 
to Mifs Hary Rogers, of Alderfgatollr^t. 

22. At Iflewuithy Mr. Jn. Peirriare, aged 
%i^ to Mrs. Sawyer, widow, aged 69. 

At Bridul, Julm Macartny, efq. captain in 
the 3 ad regiment of foot, \» MUs Matilda 
Killett, of ibc Hutwellt. 



I}. At Riohmondf Surfvy, Oipt- PeF»» 
grine Daniel Fellowesf of Lincoln, Co MUGs 
Harriet- Elizabeth Carpenter, of RichmoikL 

John Pooley Kenflhgton, efq of Lombard 
ftreet|*to Mifs Turner, of F ulhnm. 



. A T Whampoa, in China, in his 



Dkaths. 
1790. 

^* **^' jTTL ^^'l* y«"0 Mr.. John Mav<>r» 
one of the ofhcers of the Roy;il Admiral 
£afl India- man. 

1791. jif^rii lo. At Perth, Mrs. K.-ithrta 
Gairdener, relift of Mr. Wm. Wilfoii, b«te 
merchant in Perth. She Kid been for man^ 
years deprived of her f|>eech, and an atmofl 
total lo(s of all power of the right fide, aad» 
for the^e ten years pal\, confined to lier honre 
jby a relaxation of the whole nervous fyflem. 
Her judgement, however, remained quite 
unimpaired, and a degree of qutckiiefs fcem- 
ed rather to increafe with Jier diftrefs. 1 h^ 
facility With which (he exprelTed herfdf was 
really aAonifliing. Witli the afliftanoe of a 
few figns (in the choice of which flxe was 
exceedingly ingenious), nndeiilood, Imiw- 
cver, by none but her (on ai>d daughter, ef- 
peci;tlly the lafl, (he cotdd relate a il(HT, in 
almoft all its circuni (lancet;, which hap|)cncd 
forty or fifty y#rs ago, with amazing x^eatU- 
nefs. Site bore her long dillrefs with the 
mo(k exemplary refignatmn to the will of 
Heaven^ and maintained a conflaut chearful- 
nefsof mind, to the admiration of all w1k> 
(aw her. Tlie immediate caufe of her de^ttk 
W.1S a ftn>ke of the palfy on the left fide» 
with a relaxation of the mufcles cf tlie tlio- 
mx and mouth, and of the whole nervotii 
() (Icm ; and although in the moA extreme 
trouble, her recolledUon continued till wittiiri 
a little time of her death. She knew her 
children, and kilfed their hands in tlie niv>ft 
grateful manner for tlieir attention to l>er. 
She died in the 61ft year of lieragc; ha4 
been very handfome when young, and ItaU 
the remains of a fine ^ice ti) tlie laft. 

Alay . . .., Mrs, Bncban, the leader of a 
few deUuled people, wlio for a time re{id«4 
in the neigkbourlKMxl of Tbomtonhill, nea^ 
Dumfries. Her followers were greatly re- 
duced in number; but Mr. White, <mce a 
relief-minider, continued till her la(V. Find^ 
injg (he was going the way of .all the earth, 
(he calletl her ilifciples together, and exhort- 
ed them to continue Hedfad and unanimous 
in their adherence to the dodrine wi*ich the/ 
had received from her. .Site then told them ^ 
ike had ftill one ie<;ret to commiuiicate ; 
which wa<^, tliat (he was the Virgin Mary, 
the real mother of otir Lord ; that (he was 
the fame woman tnefiiioned in tlie Kevela*' 
tions as being ckxiChed with the fun, Uc, 
wIk) was driven into the wik'.eniefs: thaC 
(he had been wandering in tlie world ever 
ijnce our Savk>ur*s days, and for fome time 
pad (be had foiiaarDed in Scotland: that 
thiiugh hert (he app«u«d to die, tliey need- 
ed net Co be difeoun^edi for iht would gulf. 

fieep 



I79I-] 0Htuaiyfc9nfidirahk fitfons^ with Biogrliphkal Aneedeiei. 68l 



fleep a little, and in a (hoit.time would 
again vi/it them, ami coiuludt them to t)ie 
New Jenifalem. After (lie ilieU, it was a 
long tixne before her enchiifiaflic votaries 
would (Iraighten or drcfs the corpfe; nor 
did they ooffin her luuil they were obliged 
tliereto by the froelli and after that, they 
iwould not bury her, but built up tlie coifm 
in a comer of the bam, always ex peeing 
that (he would rife asain from the dead, ac- 
cording to her promife, ;tiul condud^ them 
to Jenifalem. At lad, the pe«>ple in the 
country around, (hocked with thefe pro- 
ceedings, interfered, went to a juAice of 
the peace, and got an order tliat (he (hould 
be buried. So that the famous Mrs. Buchan 
of the Weft is now lodged in the boufe ap- 
pointed for all hviiig. 

yune 3. Mrs. Halt, wife of Mr. Rich. H. 
•f Wormley, Herts. 

8- At Chiche(%er, in his 64th year, CapC. 
James Alms, of the royal navy.— rThis or- 
nament of the Britilh navy was a native of 
Gofport, In the county of southampcuii. In 
the \ 4th year of his age fie adled as aid de- 
camp to Capt. Watfon, of the Dragon, in the 
engagement of M.ithews and LQAock, and 
received fix)m his commander many marks 
of approbation. From the Dragon he went 
to the Namur, of 74 gun*;, which (hip bore 
a part in the memorable capture of the 
French fquadron, and their £ai^ Indui con- 
voy, by Lord Anfon, May 3, 1747. In Oc- 
tober following, in tlie fame (hip, he accom- 
panied Admiral Bofcawen to the Eaft In- 
dies. This (hip, with three others, was 
wrecked on the Coromandel coaft, in April, 
1749 J **"^ **"^ young hero, referved by Pro- 
vidence for more brilliant fervices, was one 
out of 13 faved from the crew of the Namur. 
Immediately after this difaftcr, he was pro- 
moted to be lieutenant of the S> ren, in uhich 
Ihip he came home. In 1754 he failed again 
for the £aft Indies, as commander of the 
Hardwicke Indiaman, in which he was prc- 
fent at the attack of the Geriab under Sir 
Charles Watfon. But war breaking out be- 
tween France and Great Britaui, in 1 758, he 
accompanied Mr. Ive«y who pul>li(hed the 
hillory of the voyage, over land, to offisr his 
fervice in the Ime of his profeHion. Nov. 20, 
1759, he was (irft lieutenant of tlio Mars, in 
the victory obtained by Sir E. Hawke over 
Conflans. In June, 176I) he was promoted 
to the rank of mafter and eommander. In 
February, 1761, he failed, as adding captain 
of the Alarm fiigaie, to the We(t liulies, and 
was at the taking of Martinico. Slrartly af- 
ter this, he took an armed (loop of 1 8 guns, 
and another of 12 guns. June 3, on his paf- 
iage with the Britilh fleet, deftin^d for Ha- 
vatuiah, by the fuperior failing of the Alarm 
became up with, anj,after an hour'i cng.igc- 
ment, took two Spani(h (hips of war, one of 
az guns, nine-puunUers, and 180 men, the 
•Cher of 18 gunt, and 8 7 men. In this ac- 
aioo (everal balls paffed through his hat, and 
Gatrr. Ma«. July^ I79i* 

12 



he was wound<^l in the knee : 14 men were 
killed in tl)e Abrm, and 26 woundeX— ^ 
During the arduous fervice at the reduAion 
of the Havannah, Capt. Alms was entrufted, 
by the commander in ctiief, on many im- 
portant occ;ifionsj but it remains one of 
thofe unacconntibh negle<f\s m the fortune 
of many defcrvii g officers, that he was not 
appointed a polt- captain till 1765; from 
which timp, till September, 1780, C.pl. A« 
enjoyed, with his family at Chichcrter, every 
p'.eafure from domeftic ?.ttachment, till ha 
was appointed to the Monmouth, of 64 guns, 
in which (hip he faded under Commodore 
Jolinftone for the Eaft Indies. The fpirited 
manner in which he fought the Monmouth, 
in Port Praya Bay, was an introdudion to 
what Monf. Sulfrein afterwards experienced 
from him in the ob(tinate engagements be* 
tween the two fltets in India. The Ibips 
which were deilined for Madras proceeded^ 
under his command, to jo'm Sir Edward 
Hughe- ; and, after braving uncommon liard- 
(hips from the unfavourable feafon, it wat 
accompli(hed on the 1 5th of February. The 
active and rcfolute fpirit of t!ie French Ad« 
miral is yet recent in the mind of every 
one. The moft confpicuous (hare which 
CajL Alms had in any action was on the 
memorable 12 th of April. He was this day 
fecond to Sir Edward Hughes. Sulfrein bore 
down with an intention, it was thought, to 
board the Britifh Admir.d. Capt. Alms, per- 
ceiving this, luHed up the Monmouth, raked 
his enemy, and fruftrated his maocsuvre. 
Capt. Alms had now to fuAain a ten ihle Are 
from Suffrein and his two feconds, which 
continued until the Monmouth s main and 
mizcn mafts fell overboard. SuiTi-ein, whofe 
(hip had fuftained protligious damage, per- 
ceiving the ftiuatiun of his anta^onilt, toolc 
French leave, while the (battered Monmouth 
continued her fire as long as her (hot could 
reach him. On the (hioke clearing away 
as the firing ceafed, Capt. Alms found him- 
lelf far to windward, fct his fore- fail, whfch 
WaS all he lia(1,and boldly fired at the French 
line as he paHed to join the Britilh fieet. In 
this dreadful conflict with llic enemy, the 
Monmouth's colours, being twice (hot away^ 
were nailed to the ftump of the mizen malt, 
never to be (truck. Seven guns were dif- 
mounted, 45 men killed, and 102 wounded. 
The Captain himftlf had two wounds in hit 
fece from fplinters, two mufket-balls went 
thro* his hat, his hair was on fire, his coat torn 
between the (boulders, and one of the (kirts 
(hot away. The wheel was twice cleared ; 
and only two, with himfdf, remained on the 
quarter-deck. Happy was it for the coun- 
try that fuch an hero had to oppofe the dar- 
ing and intrepid courAg^ of Suffrein, a naval 
ofhcer fuperior to any that France ever pro- 
duced. But wlide vvc centemplate wuh 
i\oni'er this heroic a^ion, and while me 
p;,ge of Hiftory Ihall rccoi-d it to pt>(lertty, 
ai never furpalfed in naval warfare, tlie finer 



682 OhituaiffQfanfiiirallePirfoni ; with BiograpKealJnicdtUL [July, 

tMliDgsof the heart will throb to find, that, a^ed 65, Ladf Anne Hamiltoni reliA of the 

smidft theia weU-eamed laorels, this worthy 1^ Lord Anae Hamilton, youngell fon of 

offioey had a £oci, a Ueuteoanty an honour to James fourth Duke of Uaroilton. Her I^y« 

the proieifioa of arms, brave, accoroplilhed, ihip was daughter and fole heirefs of Charles 

»U that friends or country could wilh, and Powell, efq. of Peii-y-Bout, co. Carraartbeo. 
in the bloom of youth, killed on board the Atl)erhoufeiiiTiviot-row,£dial)urgh>the 

Superb. Capt. Alois has left a wife and five Counteds-dowager of Aberdeen. 
chUdreo. His eUeft fon is now a lieutenuit At Mrs. Mayliew's, Caftle inn, White* 

in the St. George, with Rear-admiral Sir lion-lane, Norwich, aged 7 ^, Mrs. Waoty. 
Richard fCios, his father's friend, aud the On his way home from Stamford, Mr. 

gallant affixiate of his fervices in India. He Ambrofe Reddal, of Blr.ddington, co. Clou* 

boi^ a long and painful illnefs with the uc- cefter. He went to bed as well as ufnal tht 

moil patience and refignation to the Divine preceding night. 

will i aod met his death with all the fbrti- At KegwQrth, after a long illnefs, Mrs. 

tilde of a mind familiarized to danger in Burton, relidl of Mr. Rob. B. of that place, 
various forms. ay. At tl\e Hotwells, Briftol, in bis z^th 

10. At Breft, of an attack of the gout, the year, Mr. Stanley Crowder, jun. foa of Mr. 

celebrated French admiral, M. de la Motte S. C. bookfeller, Patemofler-row. 
Piquet ; whofe death is a fevere lo(s to the At Canterltury, Milts Rogers, eiq. collec- 

oavy of France. ^ tor of the cuftoms there. 

At EaftQuantoxhead, aged 93, Mrs. Eli* Mr. Wm. Randolph, an eminent merchant 

zabeth Pain ; wliofe age, with her five chil- at BridoU In a fit of infinity he (hot him* 

dren now living, make 417 years. She has felf behind a liay-rick, in a field near that city. 
left 49 grand and great-grandch'ddren. In his 75th year, Mr. Geo. Bilhop, one of 

22. After a long illnefs, at his feat at Stub- the lay-clerks of the cathedral cf Moi^ich. 
hiog, near CheHerfield, co. Derby, Major* 28. Wm. Bay lis, efq. high aldetman of 

general Gladwin, an officer of great merit. Worceder. 

He had ierved a long time in America, At Pangbourn, Sir Edw. Manly Pryce,bart. 
where be was wounded at the a^on with At her boufe at Iflington, Mrs. Mary Wil- 

tlie French and Indians at the back fettle- kinfon, mother of Mr. W. ribbon- weaver, of 

ments on tlie banks of the river Ohio, in Gold-llreetrWood-ftreec, Cheapfide. 
July, i755f when Gen. Braddock, the £og- 29. At Chatham, fiuUienly, Mr. Barrow, 

iilh commandei', unhappily loll his life. houfe- carpenter, fon of Mr. Rich. B. publi* 

At Uallow-park, co. Worceiler, in ad- can, of that town. His death was occafioned 

vancetl age> I^ly Mary Doug^afs Baronefs by imprudently drinking three pii*u of cold 

Mocxiingtoo, wife of Wm. Weaver, efq. and water when very warm with play, 
ditiighter of George fourth Lord Mordingtoo. After a fliort illnefs, aged near 70, Mr. 

24. Jti^n Batchelor, efq. of Mare-Areet, Rich. HanweU,of Kidlingiun, near Bath. 
Hackney, one of the governors and guardians At OdeU caflle, co. Bedford, Sir Rowbnd 
of the poor of that parilh. Alison, bart. Being the laft of that antieut 

On board the Prince William-Henry Eail family, and dying without iifue, the title is 

India-man, Edward Raphael, «fq. auArme- become extinct 
cian merchant, from Madras. 30. At Berwick St. ^hn,co. Wilts, in his 

25. After a very ihort illnefs. Sir Lionel SQih year, Rev. Edw. Rolle, B. D. He bad 
JLyde, bait, of Bedford- fquare, and of Ayot been rettor of tliat parUh near 36 years, vi- 
St. Laurence, Herts, where our readers will car of Morclinch, co. Somerfet, and feveral 
recollect he rebuilt the pai tlh-church, from years one of ihe prebendaries of Salilbury. 

a defign of Mr. Revett ; of tlie confecration At Briliul, Mr. Crofs, an em'ment diftiUer 

of whicb| fee our voL XLIX. p. 374 ; LIX. and banker. His acquired fortune exceeds 

072. He was created a baronet of Great ico,ocol. 

Britain in 1772, and had been an eminent At Arnold, near Nottingliam, in a very ad* 

tdbocco-merchant. His large property, both Tanced age, Wm. Coape Sherbopoke, eiu. 

ia Hertfordihire and London, was, by the who had been ieveral years in the commif- 

•xprefs dire^ion of his will, fold by pubiic lion of the peace for tliat county, and a ver- 

au^lion immediately after bis deceafe. durer of the foreft of Sherwood. 

At her houfe in Paddington-ftreet, Mary- Luitly, at Stockholm, the celebrated PrO- 

b- Boone, ag^ed 8S, Mrs. Rawlins, furviving felTor Lehuberg. 

iifter of Melfrs. Rawlins, many years emi- In Jamaica, aged 88, Mr. Abraham Ro- 

nent pawnbrokers in Long-acre. The bulk driqiies Cardozu. — Mr. Daniel Chilholm.— 

of her fortune goes to Mr. Mufgrave, her Mr. Wm. Harboule. — Mr. Kdwin Lewis.— 

nephew, wlio has lived with her many years. Wm. Flunicr, efq. — Capt. Wlwadon, of the 

a6. Mr. Jones, filverfmith, St. Jamcs*s-ftr. (hip Lord Hood of London.— John Mackin- 

AtBcnncfteld. CO. Northampton, while at to(h, efq. — James Rutherford, efq. — Rev. 

the coromunion-table in the cliurch, Mrs. Tijomas Poole, rctflor of Claroudon — Lieut. 

York, wife of Mr. Y. of Farringwood. bhe Eilw- Eyre While, of the 62d regiment, 
went to chnrch in ptrfed health. At Mount Reilly, near DiMiilalk, Ireland, 

At her lu;afe in Great Marlborough- Areet, in his loid year, Mr. Hugh Reilly. 

- ' Al 



xygx*} OUtuaryofctnJidtrahliPtrJonsx tuhb BtogrMphual Amcdms. 683 

At Btrdigrove, near Swanfea* Tbo. Mor- exemplary membei*, hut by all who knew 

fan, elq. one of the joftices and deputy-lieu- him) as a man of good fenfe, fiocere m his 

tenants of the county of Glamorgan. profeflions, fiiendly in his dirpoficion, and of 

Rev. Mr. Warren, many years vicar of the fh-i6t integrity. 

pariih of Plymftockt Devon. He has left At Kirkby-Lonfdale^ withiA the fpace of 

soucl. to be appropriated to charitable afes, 6ne week, the three following perfonSi 

lor the poor of that pari(b« whofc ages together amount to 190 years ; 

At Sibdon caille, co. Salop, W. Whitacre, viz Elizabeth Bell, wUdw, aged 97 ; John 

efq. of Longwood'houfe, near Huddersfield, Prefton ^e olded freeman of the borough 

CO. York. He was the firft perfon who, at of I^ancallcr, on record, at the time of his 

bis own expeoce, eilablKhed a Sunday fchool death) in his 97th year ; and Elizabeth Tay- 

in Yorkihire, which commenced- with four lor, widow^ aged 97. There it a Ariking 

teachers and 100 fc[w>brs. fingulanty in the circum(l.ince of three pen- 

At his farm near Newington- green, In his pie, reiiding in the fame town, departing at 

75tli year, Mr. Lodgate, one of the oldeft in- the fame period, and after attaining to nearly 

habitants of the parifh of Iflington. the fame great age ; which alfo exhibits a 

Cape. David Williamsy commander of a notable indance of longevity, 

fliip belonging to BriHol, in the African trade^ Mr. Fytthe, of\he hall of the city of Un* 

aoU formerly of Skei r, co. Glamorgan. coin, formerly a book feller at Louth. 

Mr. Bluett, of Falmouth. His death was Mrs.Drury,*wifeof Mr. JohnD. of £agl^ 

peculiarly diftrefliog to his daughter, who near Lincoln. 

waft travelling with him. The gentleman At Hull, univerfally refpe^teit, aged 6S, 

happened to fall out of his carriage, near Mr. Rob. Gardner, lb ip ownei^ 

Liiton, in Devonlhire { and though he alfur- Aged 86, Mrs. Chamberlayne, wife of 

ed MiCs B. that he had received no hurt, and Da*ton C. ef({. of Great Ouiiham, near SwafS- 

went to bed cbeaiful, yet Ibe, being appre- l^^un co. Norfo'k« 

henfive, from fome fymptoms, that all was Mrs. Pritchard, wife of Rev. Mr. P. of 

not well, fat up by him, and in a (hurt time La< ham, Suffolk, and widow of the lace RctL 

he gave one groan, and expired. GiUlavus Newcomb. 

At Portfmoitth, Wm. Haflett, the oldeft In a very advanced age, Mrs. Trou-ell, 

fhipwright in the dock-yard there, having mother of Major T. of the Derby fji. militia, 

bcen-in that fituation upwards of 67 years. At her ap.irtmeots in Rr>d lion-ftreet^ 

At a poor-houfo in Hoxton, Mr. James Clcrkeiiwell, Mn. Mai-y Standifh. 

Balthoufe. As a fmgular inAance of profu^ At her lodgings in St. Mariin's-lane, IVfrf. 

fioo, he liad formerly expended near 3000I. Biyant, wife of Mr. J. B. of poetical me- 

in ooe public-houfe in the city, which liad mory, late of firillol. 

fallen to him by the death of a relation : in Jf^y x. Mr. Allen, of Piccadilly, plumber. 

* confequence of which, he was for fcvcral Aliout feven o'clock in tlie evening, while 

yean allowed a pint of beer a day by the walking in St. Jannes's Areet, he was feized 

publican, after he was reduced ; and t.e filled wittt afudden fit, fell down, and inflautly ^ 

tfoeplacesof a w?tchm:in and ftreet keeper expired. He was in good health and fplriis 

previeully to hi^ falling upon the pariih. the moment before. 

At Henllys, co. Carmarthen, the Rev. Mr. At Brompton, Middlefex, Mr. Jofepli 

Williams, 30 ycais rcAor of VVefton, in Kirke, nurfery and fecdfman. 

Staffordihire. - Mr. Samuel JetTer, attorney at law, of 

Mr. Samuel L*!anden, purfer of the Belle Frome, co. S«>niei fet. 

Poule, in ordina» y at Cliatham. 1. At his houfe in Battle! t's- buildings, 

At Clieiham Fold, co. l.ancafter, aged up- H»lbom, Griffith VViUiams, efq. m;'.ny years 

words nf 89, Rob. Hawortli, bedder. He had ati agent to the corps of marines. 

lived there, under five ditierent landlorc^, At Ramccean, near Calais, after a tedious 

Dear 51 years ; aiid was father, grandfather, illnefs, the Lady of Sir 1 hontas Champneys, 

great-grandfather, and great- great-grand fa- bart. of Crchardleg- houfe, co. Snn-erfet. 

thcrtb 174 pel Ions, ta of whom lived vvitli Mr. Redford, of St. Maitin's Staruford* 

bim at the time of his deceafe* Riron, Ltuc >ln. 

At Newtown, Mr. Anthony Poole, apo- Aged 69, Mr. Beacroft, draper, of Mar* 

tbecaty there. ket J>ee|)tng, co. Lincoln. 

Mn.Dodge, wife of Rev. Mr. D of Exeter. % . Mr. Edward Dixoo^ of the Old Bailey, 

Rev. Dr. Edward Brydges Blacket, rcdor printer. 

of Stoke Damarei, co. Devon- Tliis living. Suddenly, at his feat at Aramdone, c^ 

worth upwaids of 600I. a year, is in the gitt Hereford, Francis Wnodhoufc, efq. barrMler 

of Sir John St. Aubyo. at l.iw, fccunJ fun of John W. ^U\. of Yat- 

At Wolfty, in Holm^Cultram, co. Cum- ton-court, iu tUe fame cdunty. 

berland, Mr. Dayid Saul, in the ^^\h year of At Cii-enccfter, Rev. Wm. Dorc, many 

bis age, upwards of 60 years of which he had years a diffcnring-miuilter there, of Jeferved 

been a public fpeaker amoogd Uw peope reputation .»nil cftcem. 

aMed Quakers} greatly rcfpeAed (not only In Trini y-ftr. Dublin, Hcni7 Culqohoun, 

by xSkiik religiovft focicty, of which he was aa deemed the h%& fiuts-maker in Indaiul. 

4. At 



^84 Obituary of <ofiftdirahUPerfim\ xvtthBiographkal Anecdotes. \}^^f^ 



4. At Sioke Ncwiiigion, of which he was 
a very old inhabiiant, ;gcJ 59, Atr. Ji)hn 
Staples, late n painter, plumbery ami glazier, 
^d one of the molt refjje^able trade(men in 
the paiilh, hut had retiied fiom bufmefs a 
twelvemonth before. 

At his houlc in Hart ftrcer, Rloomftory, 
in his 8 2d year, the Hon. W. BijU, a native 
of South C;ir'»ljna. aiul many years hcutcnant- 
governor and commnnder in chief of that 
province, which he left, with the . Britifh 
troops, in 1781, and had ever fmce refided 
io Great Britain. 

After a lingering illnefs, James Duberly, 
cfq. of Enfhain h;iU, co. Oxfoid, many years 
taylor to the army. He married a daughter 
of Mr. \ angford, the celebrated auctioneer, 
ivhofe eUlell Ton purchafed £yn(ham-hall, 
whjcb, on his death, was re-purchaled by 
Mr. DubcrJy. 

At Yoik, in his 92^ year, John Kenioh, 
efq. After bequeathing fome legacies to 
particular frieiiUF, be has left hi& fortune to 
chat if.ihle pur| ofes, viz. 200I. to the County 
hofpital; 2 oL to the Blue-coat Boys and 
Crey-cuat Girls School; and 2oo(. to the 
Lunatic Afylum, in that city : lool. to the 
hofpitals in Manihefter; and the refidue is 
to be applied in apprenticing poor chil>!ten 
l)elonging u) the town of Rochdale, in Lan- 
cailiire, his native place. 

Jn an advanced age, Mr. Wm. French, at- 
tomev at law, in Dyer's-buildings, Holborn. 

A' his father's houfc at Walthamllow, Mr. 
John Bennctt,of Fenchurch ftrect. 

5. Suddenly, at Hoddcfdon, Herts, Mr. 
Geo. Bowm.tn, fun of Wnri. B. cfq.- bai.ker, 
in Lo-nhard-ftreet. 

Siuldeidy, Mrs. Utten, yvafe of Mr. U. gold 
and filver laceman, of Aldgate. 

At herhoufe at*Wi.ltham-abbey, aged 64, 
Mrs. Rofe Wright, widow. 

At Bourn, co. Lincoln, Mr. Norm.in 
Smith, maUcr of the Six Bells public houfe 
there. Having been himlelf a ringer as well 
as a fnger, his companions paid him the re- 
ipecl of a diiir.h peal, and the choir attended 
the corpfe, fuiguig all the way to the church, 
\vhere lus widow was churched, and their 
ichild chriftcned. 

6. After a long illnefs, .nged 17, Mr. John 
Fofler, of Lin< t*in, f'm of Aldernwn F. 

At his father's leat in Scotland, Lord 
Powne,eldeft foil and heirofthe E. of Moray. 

8. At his houfe in Liunfwi':k-row,Queen- 
fqu. Bloomlbury, in his ybth ycai', William, 
Comber Kiikb/, efq. 

Ju Gcoge-lUect. Manchefter-fquare, Mr. 
T^homps Sti'ckhouie. 

At iilxificld, aged S9, Mr. Nathaniel Bur- 
ton. He was found dead, fitting upon a ftone, 
at the bt»ttom <>f the moor, on which he ufed 
to refl every day in returning fioni lus garden. 

9. At MaU:ng-abbey, in Kent, Benjamin 
Ilatley Footc, efq. 

John Ed\v.ijd5, cfq. mnny y ars fenior 
dcrk of the Cbainberlaia''s offilCej.GuiKthaU; 



After a (hort illnefs, Thomas Bayley, efq. 
clerk, of the North road at the Geoeraft 
Poft-ofhce. 

At Ripon, CO. York, in a very advanceil 
age, Rev. Francis 'Wanley, D. D. dean (^th» 
collegiate church of Ripon (to which he mras 
prefented by the K'ui2» in i75o)» redlor of 
Stoktflcy in Cleveland, 175c , prebendary oT 
Stuihwrll, 1748, ch.mc<llor of York, 17499 
with the prebend of L.iughton annexedp 
which he exchanged for the prebend of Scil- 
lington, 1750, and had that of Weighton, in 
the fame church, the fame year. He wras 
admitted at Chn(l*s College, Cambridge* 
where he proceeded B.A. 173 1, lAJk.. 1735^ 
S.T.P. 1748. 

At Orpington, in Kent, in his 86tli year^ 
Richard Gee, efq. 

At Abergavenny, in South Wales, on a 
journey, in his 30th year, Geo. Chawmthy 
efq. of Annefley, co. Nottingham, for which 
county he ferv^ the office of high fheri/F in 
1790. He lias left an only daughter, aged 
fix year:*, to inhei it his large poifeflions. 

ic. At her houfe at Clapton, Mifs Mary 
Latew.ird, filler of Che late wife of Cbaiies 
Schrciber, efq. 

At Chatliam, aged upwards of 7;^, Mr. 
Wm. Payne, formerly purveyor of thai yard, 
ani) afterwards mader caulker and builder's 
affiftant there. 

At Cliehea, Mrs. Hall, of Moulfey, Sarr. 

At his brother's, at Beverley, co York, in 
bis 521I year. Rev. Samuel Johnfon, D. D. 
re<5t')r of Frelhwatcr, in the Iflc of Wight, 
in the commiflion of the peace for the Eaft 
riding of Yorkfhire, and formerly fellow oi 
St. John's College, Cambridge. 

Mr. John Flight, one of the proprietors of 
the Worcefter porcelain manufactory. 

11. At Brighthdmftone, Mr. Wm. Col- 
linfon, late a diftillcr at Limehoufe. 

At her houlc in Worcefter, in an ad\'anced 
age, Mrs. Graves, rcliA of Morgan G. efq. 
of Mickleton, co. Gloucefter, and daugtitef* 
of the bite James Walwyn, cfq. of Long- 
woith, CO. Hereford. 

^ged 73, Mr. James Wickfteed, the ori- 
ginal feal-rngraver of that name, who for 
many years followed that profeflion with ap- 
plaufe in London, Dublin, and Batlw 

12. In the City-road, in her S^lh year, 
Mrs. Martha Hall, widow of Rev. Mr. H. 
and laft furviving fifter of the Rev. John and 
Charles Wefley. She was equally diftin- 
guilhtd by piety, underftanding, and fweet- 
nefs of temper. Her lympathy for the 
wretched, and her bounty even to the 
wrirthlefs, will etemize her name in better 
woi Ids than this. 

At Axbriilge, co. Somerfet, in his 94ih 
ye.'ir, the Rcv. Henry Penny, upwards'of ^0 
years rc^r of Shipham and Chnfton. 

At Tyncmmith, after a long illnefs, the 
youngcB fon of Sir Geortje WaiTcn, bart. of 
St?.])leford-h:dl, co. Nottingham. 

13. At EafttingtQn, near Howdeo, cOt 

York, 



*.*• ' 



r 



4791 .1 OKtuaryif mfidirAli Pirf9ni\ witb Bl^grapbkal Amcd^us. 68 j 



Tork, Mr. Wm. FWd, fchoolmailtr. The 
^37 of has death was the day appointed for 
tus marriage. 

* At CatMelby, ov Leiceft. John AyrC; cfq. 
14^ At Im hmue at WaM'orthi afttra lonj^ 
and painful Uloefs, aged 88, M/.Tho. Bohr, 
formeriy a rcfpcdlable tradefman of the c»ty 
of Lontlon, but many years retired. 

At Readins* Mr. St. John Johrj, of Tin- 
crf^'f-inn, youngcft brother of Calvert Rich. 
J. cfq. of Swanfea. 

At Edinburgh, Rer. Dr.Tho. Blacklock ; 
the btinvl Poet, if we miQake not, whom Mr. 
Spnce, with Mr. R. Dudfley, went to ScoC- 
hsbA to vifit ; and of whom we hope fur a 
ittther accoont. 

SocSditily, as he was returning ftnm his 
hay-fielt], the Rev, Henry Homer, reftor of 
Birdinghury, co. Warwick, and ftirmerly of 
Magdalen College, Oxford ; by whofe death 
the liring of WiUooghly, in the famecennty, 
if now become vacant in that fociety. He 
was the father of 1 7 children, rood of whom 
"arc fill! living to bment his lof$. Hi? eldeft 
Con died on the 4th of May laft (fee p. 492). 
15- r?io. Hoiiid, efq. of Bond-Court, Wal- 
brook, mcrcfuii>t. 

Mr. James Laurence BlomfielJ, of Fen- 
church- rtrect. 
Mr. Wm. Loofcly, bmcher, of Forc*ftr. 
At Ramfgate, Rev. Mr. James, late maf- 
fiCT of an academy at Greenwich. 

At Barnes-green, Surrey, in h;r 86th year, 
Mrs. EUz. Pariington. 

At Hemel-Hempllead, Herts, aged 73, 
Mrs. Collett. 

la his 26th year, Mr. Samuel Cork.jun. 
of Bury, one of the people called Qiukers. 

17. In St. George's Tomhland, Norwich, 
tQ his- 8 til year, Mr. John SLiney. 

A: Krooke, near Norwich, in his 90th 
year, Mr. John Kerrifon. 

1 3. At Portfmout»», aged 18, Mr. Charles 
Grey Andrews, in his MajcAy*s naval fer- 
fke, (ecnnd fon of J. P. A. efq. of Rromp- 
Ibn. His a^vity, gtxx)- nature, and liberal 
ipirit, catxfe him to be truly regretted by his 
comrades. His remains wci-c interred there 
on the aift; wl>en the funeial wai honour- 
eJ by the attendance of Capt. Hartwell, and 
ether officers of the Bellona. 

19. Rev. Mr. Houke, re<5lor of Birkby, 
aod vtcar of Leek, in the North riding of 
Yorkihire, and elded fon of the late Natha- 
niel H. efq. amiior of the Roman Hiftory. 

At hisbuufe in York, aged 91, Wm. Aber* 
crombie, M. D. 

At Stoke Newington(in the houfe in which 
bis brother Jarae? died, May 5, '788) Mr. 
Thomas Sorcl, weaver, in Spital-fqunre 

21. At Canterbury, of the fm.illjx»x the 
mEmtdaugUerof Wyndh.im Knatchbt>ll,efq. 
23. At i>xft>rd. Rev. Chu-Ics-VVilliam Bolt, 
M A. ftudent of Chrlft Church, 

At his houfe ia Clitibrd-ftrect, in an ad- 
vanced age, Wm. Boulton, efq. late of tlie 
(fcoeni^ Poft*offii:e| lirum whrab he retired 



in 1781^ and was focceeded by Jacob Shani^ 
efq. In this deportment he diftinguiihed 
himfelf by a rigid attention to bufineis. Be 
enjoyed an affluent fortune with great «lig« 
niry and propriety. He was hofpitable with* 
out profufion, and charitable without often- 
tation. In the general coiKerns of life be 
united integrity of condu^ with fincerity of 
pro^etfion. Hnw he dlfcharged the domeftie 
duties is bed attcfted by the regrets of his 
furviving family. 

28. At the South- fea-houfe, Peter Rurrdl^ 
efq. many years chief calhier of the Sooili* 
fea Company. 

Gazitte Promotions. 

WALTFR James James, efq. of LtQi^ 
ley- hall, Berks; Sir Wm. Erikine, 
knt. lieuten-int- general of his Majefty't 
forces; Henry Martin, efq. of L(*ckinge» 
Berks, comptroller of his M.-ycfty's navy; 
Charles Willum Boughton Royie, efq. of 
Robfe Lench, co. Worceder, and of Doivn* 
ton-hall, CO. S.ilop; Ch^idoplier Hawkins, 
ef(|. of Trewithen, co Cornwall ; John Call, 
efq. of Whiteford co. Cornwall; George 
Jackfon, eft| of Hartham- houfe, co. Wdtf, 
judge-advocate of his Majedy's fleet ; Ralph 
Woodfoid, efq. late lus Majedy's envoy ex- 
trpordiiiary to the Court of Denmark t 
Charles Pole, efq of vVitoUerfon, co. South* 
ampton; Robett Howell Vaughan, efq. ol 
Ndunaii, CO. Merioneth ; Rev. Charles Rich 
(late Bodock), LL.D. of RoCe-hall, co. Suf« 
folK} Charles Grave Hudfon, efq. of Wan- 
lip. CO. Leiceller; George IvifonTapps, efq* 
of ^iintoii Adm:ral,co. Sutaiiampton; George 
Chad, efq. of Thursford, co. Norfolk) and 
Berney Bn)grave, efq. of Worltead- houfe, co. 
Norfolk; created baronets. 

James- All.in Park, efq. of Lincoln's-inn, 
barrider .-^t law, appointed (by the Cliancel* 
lor of hi9 Majedy*s duchy of Lancader) vice- 
chancellor of the county palatine of Lancaf* 
ter, mce Swinnertoti, dec. 

Arthur Eat I of Donegal, created Marquis 
of the county of Donegal, and Eai I of HtU 
fad, CO. Antrim. 

Chailes Earl of Drogheda, created Mar* 
quis of Drogl'cda. 

Tiioma> Lord Welles, created Vifcount 
Northland, of Dung,innoii, Cv>. ryron-r. 

Arthur Lord Harlicrton, created Vifcount 
" Harberton, of Carbery, co. K, ilu.ire. 

Hobert Boyd, efq. .nppoin:cJ a judice of 
the Citirt of King\ Bench m Ireland, vtet 
Brjddreet, dec. 

Rev. Dr. Geo. Hill, profelTor of divinity in 
the New College of St. Andrew, appointed 
priiKipal of that Univtrfiry, and one of hil 
M;i]e(ly*s chaplains in ordinary in ScgtLnd, 
V ct Gillefpie, dec. 

Rev. Dr. Rob. Amott, appointed fccond 
mader and profed(>r of diviiilry in the New 
Coliegeof St. Andrew, «w-r Hdl, rcftgned. 

Rev. Alcx.D.»%vnie, preleoted to ifie church 
and parilh of Localih, in the pretbyrery of 

Luckarrusf 



^66 GaxitU and (HvU Prmotiom.^B^ckfi^^M I^4fir^ iJ^T^ 



l^ockarrow and couoty of Ro(Sy mit$ Mac- 
kodf reTignod. . 

Rev. Joho GaoMCt, M.A. Sottertoa V. ca 
lincokiy wi Beridge, dec 

Civil PaoMoTiovt. 

JOHN Partfh^ efq. appobued ftorekeeper 
and payinafter oip the ordnaact at Gibral* 
CaTi nfite Carecroft, dec. 
Earl 



rington.— .Hon. and Rev. Dr. Edw. Venioa^ 
clewed bifliop of Carlifle, vice Douglas. 

Rt. Re^. Dr. Comwallis, bifhop of Liclw 
field and Coventry^ appointed dean of Wind>^ 
fur, vict Dr. Douglas, refigned. 

Rev. Jc^atban Lipjeaa, B.D. Marton asmk 
Gi'n^oa V. co. York, vie* FaiiCiOC, Ucc. 

Rev. Edw. Coddord, M. A. Clxfie-Pyjpanl 
V. CO. Wilts. 



irl Fkzgibboo, lord chancellor of Ireland, i. Rev. Edw. Cooper, B. A. Wyck augments 
appointed (by the Duke of GlouceAer) vice- ' cd 



chancellor uf the Univerfity of DubUfl, vtc$ 
Ibe Lord Primate, refigncd. 

Geo. Kelfon, efq. elected comnion cryer 
of the city of London, «mV« Bilhop, dec. 

Mr. Stephen Clark, eleAed upp^r-marfhal 
of the city of L(>o<.km, «iW Miller, refigned ; 
and Mr. Rich. Hollier Co fucceed Mr. Clnrk. 

Mr. George Temple, eleiSled hall keeper 
of the Guildhall of the city of Londun» via 
Groome, dec; and Mr. Frederick- William 
Temple, ele^d his firft aiBflant ; Mr. In. 
Bill, his fecond, and Mr. Philip NicboUs, 
bis tliird aflitUnts. 



chapelry, near Perflioi^, co. WorceAer. 

Rev. Mr. Zouch, reAor of Wydifiie, co* 
York, appointed deputy commil^ry of chv 
arcltdcacfiiiry of Richinoad^ in that county, 
tf/t/ Bowlby, refigned. 

Rev.Ger. Andiewe^, eledled joint evenins 
preacher at the Odagdalen, Tue Selloo, dec* 

Rev. Aaron Foiier, LL.B. Kington V. ooi* 
Somcrfet, vice Brown, dec 

Rev. Sam. Glalte, D.D. reAorof Wanfted, 
Eflfex^ collated to the prebeiKlal ftall of Sli^- 
ford, in the cathedral of Bath and Wells. 

Rev. John Varddl, M.A. late profeflbr o/ 
divinity at King's College, New York, Skir- 



Hugh Stephenfoo, efq. appointed colIeAor beck R. co. Lincoln, virr Birtwhiftle, dec. 



of the cnfloms at Ayr, ^ict FerguObn, dec 

Wm. Little, efq- of Coventry, appointed 
jreceiver- general of the land-tax for the hun- 
dreds of K nightlow and Kiheton, co. Warw. 

Tlio.-Hen. Hirben,erq. appointed keeper 
of the ftamps at Somerfec-houfe, vice What- 
kyt dec. { and Mr. Brook, deputy-keeper. 

Cha. Ogle, efq. appointed Collector of the 
cuftoms at the port of NewcaiUe upon Tyne. 

Chriftopher Blackett, efq. of Newcalle 
upon Tyne, appointed treafurer for the county 
of Northumberland. 

Mr. Harrilbn, apjxiinted a5ling furveyor- 
feneral of tlie crown> lands, ^ict Selwyn, dec. 

John P.dmer, efq. appointed commilTarv of 
ftms and prnvifioos at New South Wales, 
«fr« Miller, dec. ;' and 2Lach.iriasCLirke, gent, 
appointed alB(Unt, or deputy -commillar)', 
with a (alary of los. per diem. 

John Dade, efq. of Debenham, appointed 
comptroller of the cudoms at the port of Ipf- 
wich, vict Clarke, dec. 

Henry Boyle Deane, efq^ of Reading, co. 
Berks, appointed receiver-general for the 
EaAern divifion of th.it county ; and Wdliam 
Blackall Simonds, efq. of the fitme place, ap- 
pointed receiver-general for the Weflern di» 
%i£on; both v c#John Deane, refigned. 

Mr. Reeves, appointed chief jullice of the 
Crurt of Civil Junfdiclion at Neu founilland, 
ij^ilit'tted in juirfuanceof an a6l pailed in the 



lait fetBon of parliament, for determining, we Lawrence, dec. 



Rev. Dr. Knowles, Winfton V. co. Sudblk* 

Rev. John Gilbert Barnard, M.A. Bamoc* 
by V. and Bigby R. co. Lincoln. 

Rev. Mr. Ruflel, Gainsford R. co. Durham^ 

Rev. Morden Carihew, MA. Fretteoham 
with Stauninghall R. co. Norfolk. • 

Rev. Geo. Avery Hatch, M, A. St. Mat-* 
thew Fk'iday- Areet and St. Peter Cheap ooited 
RR. London, vice Loit, dec«^ 

Rev. J. Robinfon, SuckerAoo R. co. Lei* 
ceAer, vice Wadlam, dec. 

Rev. Wm.-Colleit, St. Mary in Surlinghana 
V. with St, S.ivit^ur atmexcd, near Norwich. 

Rev.Samt:el SummersColman,B. A. Roih* 
mere R. co. Su^Ik. 

Rev. Mr. Routli, ele^ed prefident of Mag- 
dalen Coll. Oxford, vice Bp. Horne, refigned. 

Rev. George Hewitt, M.A. Witton V. co. 
Norfolk, vke Tliomas Hewitt, dec 

Rev. Ben}. Banner, M. A. Whittiugton R* 
CO. LancaAer. 

Rev. John Buck, juo. Great. Franlham Ri> 
CO. Norfolk. 

Rev. John Chapman, M.A. St. John'sclor 
pel at Baih, vut Dr. Chapman, dec 

Rev. Dr. Urq;)h.irt, collated to Wigto&aM 
Qjadring united VV. co. Lincoln. 

Rev. Tlio. MethoM, LL.B. WetheringfcU 
cum Hiockford R. co- Sutfolk. 

Rev. Mr. Smith, ele^«d to the perpeta;^ 
ciuacy of St. Mary Aldermanburyj Londooy 



cnufea during the filbing-feafon only. 

W>in. Oliphant, efq. ap}>o>nted colle^or of 
the c.iuoms at Leith, %icc Fulleiton, dec 



^CC LF.SI AS T l<fA L r.{ K FERMENTS. 

IGHT Rev. Dr. bb-ite BaiTington, 



Rev. G. A. Thomas, collated to Woolwich 
R. iniCeot. 

Rev. Samuel Clapham, M. A. Beogley H» 
CO. York. 

Rev. R. Rigby, St. Mary V. in Beverley, 
C3. York, vice Drake, refigned. 



R 

fee of 

Fev. Dr. Jolm Douglas, biihop of Caiiin«, Rev. Wm. L^wfon, M.A. Marftiam V> 

IfaniLttcd to Ute fee of SalUburyi vice Baf* co. Voik,, vi^ t^ixU^f dec* 

Rev. 



biOiop of SaliiVary, tranflated to tlie \/ Rev. Rich. Lcvett, Wrotham R. in Kent, 
Dailu.m, vltc Thiirlow, dec. — RigU ^Ar Tarr:int^ dec 



1791.] Price df Grain. — Thiafrical Reglflef. — BUI of Moffalitf. 6Sj 



Rev. Thiu Hard, M.A. Carlby R. cOvLiti- 
Coln, virg PiirkfVy (l«c. 

Rev. Win. By water, M. A. Andcrby cum 
Camberwoith R. co Line, v'rr Purk^, dec. 

Rev. Mr. Todd, Orgai/wick V. via Ben- 
Ibn, resigned. 

Rev. Martin Benfon, Merftham R. Surrey. 

Rev. Tho. Harcland Fowle, M. A. North 



Dispensations. 
"Xy EV. Robert Pointer, M.aI reaor of 
Jt\^ Bronghton, co. Hoatincdoa, to hold 
Boxwoiih R. CO. Canib. vict Hirft, dec. 

Rev. Ridh. Putxiy, B.D. to hold Alhlcy R. 
with Cricklade St. Sampfon V. both co. WUts. 

Rev. John Sijtioo, M. A. reaor ofOaklef 
Parva, to hold Gloo(^on V. co. Leicefter. 



Ottrington and Thornton le-SireetVVl York, with Weekly V. Co. Northampton- 



AV£RAO£ PRICES of CORN, (torn July 


ir» 


to [uly li, Hqj. 


* 


WheatRyeBarleyOatsBelins ' COITNTIAS spon the COAST. 


London 


t. 

5 


d.p. d. s. 
613 3 3 


d. s. d. 5. 

* a 6 J 


d; 

5 


Soff.lk 


5 
5 


8to 
61 


0* 7f2 43 » 

2 8:2 A f • 


COUNTIES INLAKD. 




Norfolk 


90 

5 


a 


2 


8 


.2000 


3 J 

1 T 


Middlefes 


M 


3 







2 


* 63 


7 


Lincoln 


( 


ok 


i|3 8* al 


Sorrey 
Hertford 












4 


2 83 


10 i 


York 


i 


4 


4 


413 61 54 \ 




2 







3* 7 3 


10 


Durham 


6 


4 


3 


100 oz 104 6 

9 3 3> 84 ft 
M 3;s 83 B 


Bedfofd 

Cambridge 

Mnntingoon 





5 


3 w 

|2 JO 




5;» 7,3 
2 2 13 


If 
3 


Northumbertd 
Cumberland 


•5 
6 


6 
10 


3 

4 




8jO 




1 


» 13 


I 


Weftmorland 


6 


«5 


3 3 i^s 100 


yonbampcon 




43 9 




2 


* 43 


7 


Lancalhire 


6 


1^ 
50 


? 2 8a c 


Rttdaad 




14 I 




9* 5 3 


9 


Chcfhire 


6 


6 








- ( T ^ 
39X00 


Letcefter 




33 9 




5* 4,4 


3; 


Monmottth 


1 


7 








ft I 


Moningham 




14 1 




41* 54 


a 


Semerfet 


2 








3 3;* 3'3 4 

a 9 I xo 3 » 
2 II ( 10 


Derby 




8jO 




02 64 


9; 


Devon 


S 


ro 








Stafford 




50 




^la 114 


7 (Com wall 


5 


8 








S^lop 




04 2 




7* 5*4 


8 


Dorfct 


6 


I 








00 04 I 

^ 9^* B^t t< 


Hereford 




0.0 00 


00 








Hamplhffo 


5 


9 








Worccfter 




2j3 70 


02 10 


4 


4! 


Siifex 


5 


6 








02 30 


U'lntick 




80 03 


62 9 


4 


i! 


Kent 


5 


too 





a 10 2 «'t I 


Cloucc^er 




4|o 




91 4 


4 


, 








• .»• * — • 


Wilta 




20 




III 4 


4 


I 


W 


A L 


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I 







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3 


6 










Oxford 




3 







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42 t 


3 


1 


^ortb Wales, 


6 


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> 3 Sl X 9} 


Bucks 


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THEATRICAL REGISTER. 



^«^ HAY-MaaictT. 

X. The Spanilh Harbcr—The Minor. 
2. The Keiitiih Baron? — Tlie Son-ii^Law. 
4* Seeing is tJclicerng— The Battle cjf Hex' 
ham^Half an Hour after Svipper. 

5. TheKeniifh Biaroiis — The Minor. 

6. Inkle aiMl Yarico^-The Village Lawyer. 

7. A Qoartcr of an Hour before Dinner— 

Kentifti Barons— Ta^e and Feelitg. 

8. The Author — The Battle of Hexham. 

9. Half an Hour after Supper — Next Door 

N'ighk^*iri'—'Vhe Aitthor. 
21. Seeing is Believing — D*'—Gi"eina Green. 

12. ditto— Ditto— A Mogul Talc. 

13. T^ieKentirh Baroni — The Son -in- Law.. 

14. Mext Door Neighbours — A Q^ftcr of 



18. Half an Hour after Supper- "Nexi Do^ 

Nctghbt>urs— The Son-in-Law. 

19. Inkle and YaricO-The Village Uwyer. 

20. Seeing is Believing— Next Door Ncigli- 

boiirs— f l)e Fhtch of Bacon. 

21. The Battle of Hexliam—Tlie Minor. 

22. Two to One— The VUlage Uwyer, 

23- Half an Hotir after Supper — Next Door 
Neighbours— Gretna Green. . 

25. A Qu.irtcr of an Hour before Dinner— 

llicK^sutiih Barons— V iiUge Lawyer. 

26. She Wou'd and bhe VVou'd Not— The 

Son-in-Law. 

27. Next Door Netghboitrs— a Qitarter of 

an Hour bcforo Dinner— .'1 he Flitch 
of Bacon. 



an Hour before DHmef-.-The-Gitfzen. 28. Seeing is Believing ..-Next Door Neigh- 

1 5. The Farm-lioufe-^Baitle of Heiham. - boors— 'I he Son-in- Law. 

l6.AQaaner of ati Hour before Diunei-— 29. Half an Hour after Supper-^ Ditto^« 

- llM Kencifh Barons— Half an Hour. The Minor. 

after Supper. ^ 30. Tbt Smt render of Gtlais — 

'■■ ■ I I f .. ■ I . ' .■■« . — f 

BILL of MORTALITY, from (une 28, to July 16, 1791. 



Buried. 



Cbrif^ened. 
Milea 8947,..^ 
Females 9085"®* 

Whereof have died ooder cvo years old 653 
Peck Loaf as. jjd. 



Males 8557 , 
FemAlis 9c3S''^ j. , 



3 



1; 

f 20 a 

I 30 * 
J 40 • 



and 


5 


176 


and 


10 


67 


and 


20 


66 


and 


3^ 


1:6 


and 


40 


r^o 


and 


50 


107 



50 and 


60 


T2t 


60 and 


70 


120 


70 and 


80 


76 


2o \n^ 


90 


37 


90 aoif 


too 


4 






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yc eo oo-vi 



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oooaoooooeoo ooooooooooco 

»*»* — »«»*M MMMtaMx 



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00 00 00 I 00 oo O.'S 

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-*••-—'-'•• oo v(W<^w|n»M l*» 

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Bonds. 

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StiitAL Eviif. 

upji; Effpiu 
~ J>>a'<Cl.rT>i>. 

LaaJoB E?eniiig. 
L Picktt— >Star 
Eojlifli Chroo. 

UiUlcTei toarir. 

DuIt Mrfn\hr 
PikficAJrcnilti 
Ocudcer, Ledger 
MonuDg Chroo. 

WeotfiU-. Dlirr. 
;W<«M— ArjBi 
iTkcOncle 
r,Be^_M. Pod 
, jWttklTPipen 
auk .i Brlfbl 4 

naiySiEJmDad'i 

CiHlllDBI 

CtntnSuy a 
jCbdwfocd 



The Gentleman's Magazine', 



Coven ify 
Cmnlkcrlinil 
Derbr, Excier 
Gbu«8cr 
Hcnfar.), ffuJ] 
Ipfwkh 
IRELAND 
Lcedi I 



SC'OrL^SD 



For AUGUST, 1791. 

CONTAIN INO 



Steeorol'^ Diariafor July nnJ Awg. 1791 S90 
A Thnnderllarni M High Cro& Uefcribcd C^r 
Bk9 Eflefbof vilblcd Air, how cnuntcraftcd brj: 
OW Retdpc fijr making CbocolAW and Tea lb 
Epitaph eriiieir«iJ — Qjiker^ — Welfli liidiais 693 
|h(UBiie(of 1791— Anfwer[oDr.Prreflley694 
Bp-rf Dorium'i Public Entry, S[>ETChes,&c. 696 
|FiDtp!iiiiiaJGIxfi;«Hin!ef HaUdeicnlml 6<i7 
Mr, Loclte'i Epiuph a; High Laver in £lTi™ i* 
AiMcrfqUiof H.WLanon, Clu|inun, &i:. 6qS 
Oti^nai Leuer from Addirnn tii Dr. CharTldC ib. 
I|4aiilNl DeaiTsiiunt Tnr KiHle rcCozimeiKled 699 
Plw fat grow ing Lociift Trees for li e Navy joo : 
!UfiI Clamtdon, Dr. Pricltley, Mi-. Burke 701 
Agcololn of Elijah Fentnn, and \ve, F.imily 70J 
.father Remarks on prBfentSwioufFiwieo 70^ 
Eiewionii Dijon defcribed by a Wanileror 795 
SwcRcmirks (w tlw Ciillure of the Vine it. 
^KDOu of the Famil)' of Matth. Riichtnger 709 
Ttede^WdlaEaftHamiinsfieU Parf.^sar 
Lottilhni SylvanOs Urbw lu John Muion ?' 
LWff fmm Mr. C. to Dr. B. on Slave I rtdo 7< 
Bmiwnod Family, of Place Hnu(e,ci). Bocks 7: 



Fiteat Gibraltar Jn Hmoiirnf Prince E JivarJ 

Letter Itnm Doan Swift tii Mr. Tnwcr> ■ 

r. Wiiuer'i EKplaiiationof nrili Machines ■ 

PendrpllFamWynirtexlinn— Dr. Jrr. Taylor jjo 

' IU17 of Clouted Cream, how lo he ttude il 

llatsetfe£tiiallyilcftroyedhyaL»dTnnuire 71 

"Tlio Luckuf lUlenhall," wilhanEluciiluion ih 

InfuUeJ nillriil-, whence ?— Galas Family 7,: 

Aals and M ce, h jW deftruyed— k CritkeW? 71 ■ 

ChiircliCerjmoiiiei-Lighiiiiiigwiiti.iuiTli.inJct.^ 

BaromttricatOhlcrvo^iunt for Junn a'liljiily 7;, 

Natuial Hiliory— Dr. R. Greene— aini« 71. 

Romarkt &c. en Higl-nd's 'GlouceilerJhire' 7;! 

Villa Ic Villata in inaspe,"— <-ol,l Cmns 71: 

Fairy RingseIiicidated—RAtsI:Mic(l'l^ruytd7i» 

Pmcee<tiii[^s in Die laft aeifion of Pjili:,mriii .1 1^ 

Mafon's Poems adapted to Mufick— Crilicifm- y 

pNjw PiiiiuiCATi.il 7J7— 7S4 

Fiir,AIT.iiiE,D'.imeft.Occiirienbiis,)(c. 761—771 
lanissesi D:a;tl*, Prefermenf, &c 77; — 7'1; 
Doily VarLi!iu:it in [he Fiiccs al tl>o St.^ks 7-. 
with bcaucif^il rsriiiefiive Viens of Pl>ci HoDst, Bucks i and of 



the Biiildml: at Gixkaltah in HoniHir of PittHCi Enw 
1 alf.) with fonie Paintlnss on Gbfs frun tlii.i.iT HiLt.. 


«MD| 


By Srit^ANUS U R B y} N, 


CJCI.T.' 


. IVmwdfor n. HENRY by JOHN NlCElOL^i, Red Lu.n Filfa-e 
where all Letters to the Editor ni-ederired III be »ldr>.'<rcd, Poiii 


Fleai-Di.-efi 




Miteorohgieal Dlariei for July iwirf Auguft, 1 791. 



Wind. 



I 
a 

3 

4 

5 

i 

7 
8 

9 
to 

It 

II 

■S 

«4 

:i 

x8 

»9 

so 

II 
tt 

*3 
*4 

»S 

16 

:i 

30 
3' 



SW ftormy 
moderate 
W moderate 
S1^ ftormf 
WSW ilormy 
SW ftormf 
SW calm 
W moderate 
W briik 
SW moderate 
NNW briik 
N bride 
W briflc 
W calm 
W calm 
W calm 
E moderate 
SE moderate 
SSEbnik 
SW calm 
W gentle 
W moderate 
SW moderate 
S moderate 
S briik 
S briik 
W gentle 
SSW gende ' 
S ftrong 
S Arong 
S briik 



Barom. 


Then 


29,36 


64 


^ 


61 
61 


16 


59 


3» 


57 


*? 


57 


66 
69 


iJ 


7» 


57 


55 


58 


38 


57 


56 


52 


6t 


5« 


7* 


58 


88 


59 


66 


66 


60 


^61 


47 


3* 


64 


40 


62 


58 


63 


•5 


6t 


4« 


63 


4» 


62 


21 


61 


S2 


60 


26 


60 


50 


60 


26 


59 


30 


60 


4» 


68 



State of Wesfther in Jiif 179 f« 



grey and black cloodsy no fmii very coldi rain at 

gloomy, heavy Ihowers £iu|^ 

grey, rain 

blue iky, whke doods, itonsy nki 

blue Iky, white douds, very high wind 

cloudy, wind goes down, fine day 

blue flcy, white douds, very fine day 

overcai^i clears up, fine day 

overcalh fmall rain 

grey ana Uack douds, rain 

overcaft, little rain, fiine day 

blue iky, white douds 

blue iky, white douds, unpleaiant day 

overcan, dears up, pleafant 

blue flcy, a few white douds, good hay day ^ 

dear blue ficy, charming day 

blue iky, white veil, black douds, calm at even* 

gloomy, thunder, much rain [ing, rain at ni|^ 

cloudy, a heavy fliower 

overeah, dears up, rain at nighc 

wliite clouds, Cair 

gloomy, rain 

overcaft, rain 

cloudy, rain at night 

white clouds, high cold wind, rain at nighC 

black douds, dears up» Aar-Ught 

little overcah, dears up, 

overcai^, much rain 

gloomy, Aormy Ihowers [fun-fet 

cloudy, fmall rain, high wtf*d, red douds after 



overcail, little rain, wind carries off the rain 

I. Windfb briflc, as toUow the hay, in loading, over the meadows.— -12. A general 
ijrant of grs^ — 13. Gathered firll ripegoofeberrtes.— 16. Cobwebs upon the hedge banks, 
*bl^ckberry in bloom, wheat in bloom, vegetation again going<4orward, the brown hue of the 
fields fomething changed, grafs fprings a little.— 18. About fix o*clock this evening, the 
wind round tl)t compafs in the courfe of ten minutes, and with violence.— 25. Thunderf 
and a violeut hail-Aorm, at a vilbge not Car dillant — 28. Hay harveft chiefly finilhed, the 
crop not fo heavy, but fuperior in quality to the coarfe long grafs of laft year. Hay well got* 
Fall of rain this month, 2.5-iothsof an inchi evaix>ration, 4.4-ioths. 



Meteorological Table for AoguA, 1791 



Heigbt of Fakrenheit*k Thernometer* 



• 
Si 


• • 


"SI 


-oj 


da 


mS 


y»/)r 





:i 


62 


60 


*9 


■60 


30 


62 


3« 


60 


^.i 


«4 


1 


^? 


3 

4 


1^ 


1 


6j 
68 


7 


67 


S 


66 


9 


61 


10 


68 


fi 


«3 



e 

8 



66 
70 
69 

73 

74 
70 

73 

7» 

73 

75 
78 

79 
77 
73 
7* 
77 



O M 



59 
Si 
57 
56 
64 

57 
55 

58 
60 

65 
67 

«4 

60 

67 
59 
64 



Barom. 
in. ptt. 



Weather 
in Aug. 1791. 



«9>93 

30 ' 
29,89 

,96 

>97 
3o»'4 
>34 
t3« 
>*5 

>»5 
>»5' 
,18 
>i8 
29,91 



ram 

foir 

fiiir 

fair 

fair 

rain 

foir 

Hat 

fsur 

fiur 

fair 

fair 

foir 

bxe 

fair 

Eur 



Height of Fahrenheit's Thennoflscter. 





rsi 


• 


'o£ 


QS 


i2s 


A . 





12 


66 


n 


66 


H 


69 


«5 


71 


x6 


66 


»7 


66 


18 


60 


>9 


59 


20 


58 


1 *' 


56 


1 22 


60 


a3 


64 


*4 


63 


\l 


IS 



e 



75 

75 

%\ 

75 
73 
7* 
69 
68 
68 
63 
69 

74 
6 

6 

68 






66 

61 

69 
68 

64 

60 

56 
54 

58 
62 

63 
60 

56 

55 



rtarom. 
pts. 



n 



*9>93 

*9*93 

>9I 
30 »3 , 
»45 
»5 
t3* 
»i5 



Weather 
in Aug. I79x« 



,03 fair 



fair 
fair 

thunder at nighl - 
fair 
rain 
fair 
fair 
fair 
fair- 
fair 
Ihowery 



19,96 
•97 



fair 
fair 



,97 fair 



W. Cart, Mathtmadctl laftnimeiit-Maker, oppoaic Aruttdel-Stieet, StrancU 



THE 

Gentleman's Magazine: 

For AUGUST, 1791. 

BEING THE SECOND NUMBER OF VOL. LXl. PART IL 

Mr. Urban, HiMtUn, Am, iB. Mr. Ukban, Ju, 19. 

IfVf W W^ TES FEKDA Y took a 'V'OUR reidincfs to encODnge what* 

& w ride ioHi|{hCrofi, hi»- i erer ma j contribute to the happU 

Q I w '"? lK"d 'he CTcnicg ntfi or wclfiie of oiheri iempt " 

^ 1 A beTore thit it hid bcra fend to you the following obrci 



V* VWt^ the inclofed fkeich yon conduce to the health of thofe alluded 

jicaraoce I all the upper part of the Having, Tome yean agOi had freooeBt 

Ctofi wat thrown aowo, and many occafioiiior going into Baekipgham&irc, 

of the ftoDcifplit liy the liEhiDUg, and in which the DianufaQnre of lace it ■ 

thrown about,'in part, pcihaps. by ih« conRant employment of the womcD, I 

cmnputS* of the iron wiihin (he (lones. much latncated their uaiTeilally dif- 

eafed appearance. Their countenance! 

are generally pale, and of a ytllowilk 

colour I and not ■ few of them are dc> 

formed ia their bodiei. It evidently 

appeared to roe that ihefe imperfe&ion* 

' " are brought on bjr their courfe of life. 

Rtflefling on ihelc circumftancei, I re- 

folved to try whether thefc bad cSeflt 

might not, in fome degree, be prcTCnted. 

While worUng of lace, tbej lead a 

fedentary life) their hodiei bent for- 

ward oTer their culhiont, which reft on 

their lapi. Their bbdiei being bent, 

the lungt have cot a free l>lay] wheaca 

The licuation U high, and it W« more arlft vaiiout cofflplaint. in their breaftfc 

«.pofed lh.» any other ohjeft in the The liver and bowel, be.ogalfo preflid 

Delghbourhood. It happened about 10 upoo. the circulation of 'he /"id' m 

minuict before ooe o'el«k on the mom- 'htir feveral velTeU » impeded , whtDM 

Mg of the i«[h inii.M. The flJh of HaiulencM and ohatuaiont, and conb- 

ligdtning, andtheexplofionofthethun- queni pain, in the abdomeo. 

dfr, we?e nocictd .1 Hinckley at ih. dif- The fehool. in whuh (he boy. and 

unceof .bo«fi«f.co«i.oftime,which g"l» «« ""gl" are Itw room., kept 

■eree. petty well u to the diftince. The 'loft "i «»"., bccaufe their employ 

p^ding day wt> hot ind fultry. Re.u- doc. not require the degree of e.eic.f. 

Lur-. thermometer flood at »o«, thai i.. "tetSuj to create warmth. In fucli 

about 77* of F.hrenheifj. 1 apprehend '<«>■»» grown worn en generally alTocwte 

the llorm was not lo violent at Hinekky Wgtiher. The air 10 tbefe room. b«. 

■1 at many other pl.ces, for I btlioe it «ome. loaded with perfpirable matter, 

wit very eateofite 1 hut we hid i great and other effluvia, arifing from their 

d;il of vivid, pile lightning for m.oy bcKlic. Their breathing in the confined 

houri. The firfl .ppearince of the ftorra aiT render, it unfit for rtfpifanon. It i» 

and thunder, I ohirrvcd. cime Irotn the well known to medical praQiiiODCi., 

South ifld South-weft, Kriduilly ap- that very daogerou. fever., and ether 

proiching the laittt pail of the ifternooo difeafe., anfe from confined air. The 

«/tlii: isthiofliat. J. RoEiWsoii. boj. educated in Uicf* ftUwU are r«iQ 



69* Bad EJfiffs of vitiated jfir.^^Chicolati and Tea. [Auguft, 

Called forth into the open ale, tobeyn- the bed tod moH faAJboable. I coulif 

rioiflv employed in a£^iyc life; and meet with, md likewife a tea*poc and 

thu'y generaliy> Toon get^ the better of fmall parcell of very* good tea; all which 

the bad eScGis contracted during their I freely prefent to you, and beg of vou 

education. as freely to accept, as a fmall demonftrm- 

At there was a fchool in the village tion of n)y gratitude for your by-paft 

to which my bufinefs occafionally called kindoelTcs and obligations you have 

me, I refolved to try fuch meant as oc- heaped upon ihee. I have fent them ia 

curred to me to be pi oper for preventing a little box, in which is alfo a little broke* 

the abovementioned inconveniences. which I hope mav be acceptable to Joiias 

Id order, in the 6rft place, to prevent and William. Underneath I have fenc 

the bad effeCis of vitiated, confined air you the bed dire^ions I could get for 

in the fchool, I made an opening in the makciog the chocolct and tea. Pray a line 

cicling of the fchool-rooro, dofe to the or two of the receipt of ;he box, and pre^ 

chimney, flue; and from that opening I fent my duty, love, and fervice, as you 
cauftd a flue to be built, as high as the . know is due, from your moft obliged and 

chimney, the fidt of the chimney mak- affectionate brother, and moft humble 

ing one ftdc of this new flue. The heat fervant, JON. Dawson. 

of the Are warming the chimney-flue, 3 March, 16S7, from my chamber ia 

the motion of the air in the new flue Bcrnard's-inn, by a good fire-fide, 
was thertby accelciated ; and by thefc For tnakeing the Chocolet. 

means there was a conflant current of p„j jm^y^ pothiiifc mUkeand halfe wa-* 

air upwards from the fchool in the new tcr, and let it boyle weU; then put in bvo 

fiuc, efprcially when the door or win- ouncesof Chocolet, and two ounces of fugar,^ 

dows were opened : and as the noxious, and iUrr it up well together till it be dilfdv- 

putrefcent animal particles are known ed, and then boyle it well np^ Scrape your 

to afccnd in the air, they are thus con* Chocolet well Wore you put it into the pot. 

haniiy carried oflf, and hereby a f>erpe- If you make it with all water you moft pur 

tual ventilation is formed, the Ichool in three ounces of Chocolet. 
cominuine as warm as before. Such _ . ^,^^ "^^^ . 

o|v.n,ngs in aflembly (or other crowd- ^et? ['"', "^ [*•»■? "^^^ ^VJ« weU, and 

ed) rooms would be found convenient. ^»^." >t boylestake it from the fire. aiiU then 

To prevent the inconveniences ariting ^ ^ t ^^ ^J"^"^' Vi'',T" "^'^^ ^'"** 

r L 1 . n c.u » J U-. wrapt up in A paper which 1 -have pot into 

fM,n, ihe bent p^.1 ure of the body while ^^c t^-jJot, or more if you thinke fitting , 

at work. 1 caufcd a frame to be made, i^en let it ftand neare the fiie (but not to 

to fuppoit the pillow to fuch an height i^\e) about halfe a quarter o£ aa boure, and 

as to be at a pioptr diftance from the then you may drink it. 
eye when the perfon working flood up- ....... 

right i and, in order to give them occa- Qs a MarbU im Chcflcrficld Cburtb, 
fional relief, 1 caufcd a refling fupport Derh)(hire, • 

for the feet to te inadc in the lower EowAto Bortok, 

part of the frame, when they wcie in- attorney at law, in Cheftcrfidd, 

clined to ht on a feat placed behind died April 23, 178s, 

them. By this means the body was aged 54 years, 

conitantiy upright. This kind o[ relief A tender hufband, and a fiiend fincere, 

is found fo cor.vinicnt, that, in many ConfignM to earth, implores the filent tear, 

nierchanck* fffice*, thiir writing-dcfks i-cam'd in the laws, he never w»rp*d their 

ttie of luch an height as to admit of the To Iheltcr vice, or injure innocence j [fenfe, 

ciciks lianding or littmg, thereby occa- But, firm to u-uth, by no mean intereft roov'dr 

fionallv refuog ihemreives. While in Jo aU difpens'd that juftice which he lov'd : 
the country, X prevailed on a fmart, ^«»tiwopprefs\lhciaught her rights to know i 

fcnfiDlc g.rl in The neighbourhood to And Guilt dcte^ed fear d the commg blow. 

>.ork at a frame which 1 had made for VrmT^Lll'''''t^x'^''f''^T'^' 
, t • I I /• J L _ u r He nil d the circle mark d by Providence. 

Icr, which pleafed her much. Iain In age compleaiing what h.s youth began, 

ioriy to mention, that, on enquiry, I Thcnoblcft woikof God,anhon«ft roani. 
have not been lofoiiiud ihat this prac- t, /- 1: ^ »/r it u • j- 

.ice >, followed. S. A. „. J''^' ok""'/*'' "'''*"' "u T''i*''" 

^ ous enough, and were written by the late 



Receipt /.r p.ali,g Chocolate ?!t"^ "f^RTl""!! '"'"l' ^'' ^'''""' 

and ThA mairicd. But this, however, is a 

Dear Sifler DA^V50N,* very bad epitaph , as it informs not po(> 

V; E S T E R D A V, by the carryer • Pope, 

X Yaiet| I fent you a chucglet-pot| xuivf 



1791O Oriiiqui on an Epitaph. — ^^ttjl/ri.— Welfh Indians. 693^ 



tcnty oi the panicuUr circuroflancet of 
the fubjcd of it, vi% that he wis a na- 
tive of the borough of Cheftei field, where 
bis father had been a member of the cor- 
porattoD I that he married one of the 
three daughters of Mr. Robert Halifax, 
aa apothecary of Manslield, in the coun- 

Sof Nottingham ; (hat he died without 
oe, and left his wife a widow. 
And as to the lad Hne, in which we 
are to fuppofe the puigntncy of the in- 
fciificioo CO confift, one can hardly think 
ittToey bccaufc it is eqjally applicable 
to the late John EUve^., efq. and many 
another worihlcfscharailer, who are often 
feaed CO have a ftri^ regard to judice, to 
mtmm dT tuum, wiihout one grain of 
goodnefs of heart. And thus mere in- 
tegrity, when (ole and unaccompanied 
by othef virtues, fails fo tar (bort in va- 
me of the exalted virtues of benevolence 
and beneficence, that it can never place 
a mao oq • level with Mr. J^bm Ht^w 
Mrd^ with faints and angels, who, never- 
tbe.*efs, were all tbi ^works, tbe n$6U0 
•adbtjl nv§rksg «f God. L. £. 

Mr. U&BAN, Jiig', i6. 

IN your ufeful and entertaining Ma- 
gaiine of laft month there is a letter 
figocd W. C. ralhiy charging tbe Qua- 
kers writh Deifro ; and at boldly aflcrt- 
ing, that the author of a book, called 
^ The Snake in the Grafs," bed knew 
bow to detcft them, &c. Ice. 

Now this anonymous calumniator 
nay be iecure in his hiding* place, as a 
peifoo beneath the notice of writers of 
abilltf end character. It is enough jufl 
to coodcfcend to obferve, that^ by un- 
fouaded accufatioos, he has manifefted, 
moft glaringly, both his malice and his 

Sorance. Mrs. Koowles, in the John- 
iao dialogue alluded to, fiiUy clears 
their Society of the Dolor's iofinuaiion 
of Deifm; and their numerous writ- 
iagt prove them alfo to be incootroverti- 
bty iound in the Chriaian faith. <* The 
Snake in the Grafs" fpeedilv met with 
aa cffedual anfvver, in a publication in- 
titnled *'A Switch for the Snake." 
This whole fome Switch prefenti j whip- 
ped him into cover, whence he never 
after ventured to peep out hts head. 
If W. C. expc£ls to be attended to, let 
kim manfully fupport his charges with 
bii name I Heroes dtaw not their 
fwords on ihadows 1 M. N. 



in proof of the famenefs of two dtftmc 
nations, as of the Americans*, for ex- 
ample, being defcended from the Britons 
of ihis ifland, becaufe the name of a bird, 
ptMgmim, fignifies in Wellh ^nbite*btsd^ 
agreeable to the dcfcription of the fowl, 
wbich may be only a cafual coincidence ( 
and though Aill lefs can be inferred from ' 
the Naraganfet-rock infcriptions, once 
thought to be Phoenician, and that an 
argument might be drawn from thence, 
that the Carthaginians or Fcani had been 
there f , but at laft turned out to be only 
either (bme unmeaning fcratchts, or ac 
beft Tartarian chara^ers t ; yet, furely, 
Mr; Urban, we ha?e good and fufficicnc 
grounds n9*u> for believing, from the va- 
rious authorities and probable evidence 
produced in your Magazines for this 
year (pp. 3299396,612), that certain 
Briton^ do a^ually exift in North Ame* 
rica, and are at this time a great and 
powerful nation. Query, therefore, whe- 
ther it would not be well worth while for 
the Government to interpofe, and to fend 
out fome adventurers at ti«e public ex- 
pence, fumifbing them with all msnntr 
of neceflaries, and promifing them fome 
competent, or rather liberal, rewards, if 
fuccefsful, in order to explore more fuUf 
the latitudes alluded to in thofe papers, 
for the purpofe, firfl, of afceruining thn 
matter of fa£^i and then, if the liate- 
ments of the (everal papers fhould provt 
true, of profecuting a trade with tliac 
congenial nation, which, as one has a« 
bundant reafon to believe, would prove 
at lead as beneficial as that of Botany 
Bay, or Nootka Sound. I would pro* 
poie then, that the adventurers fent on 
this important difcovcry, for fuch I 
eilcem it, fliould be four or fix in num- 
ber, for fear of accidents or ficknefs ; that 
they fhould be fent from hence to Canada 
in a king's fhip; and, laftlv, that thef 
fhould be all Britons from North Wales, 
healthy and robufV, fcnfible and intelli- 
gent, and the more liierau the better, 
for the making of all properobfervatioBs 
on what they may lee, and hear, and 
feel. From the public fpirit of Mr» 
Pennant, Sir, 1 cannot at all doubt but 
he, though he has taken a lolemn leave 
of the nation as a writer, would conde* 
fcend to give himfelf the trouble, if pro- 
perly applied to, of fecking out in his 
own country the required number of per* 
fons (o qualified as above* L« £• 



Mr. Urban, dugnfi 17. 

THOUGH little weight can be laid 
go the etymology oF « fingle word 
i 



• Hudibras, part L canto U. 69. 
Archsologia, voL VilL p. a90. 
Ihid. p. 299. 

£XTRA« 



\ 



694 



ExtraorJinary Papal Brief of ijgr* [Auguft, 



Extraordinary Brirp of the 

Pope, on the supposed 

Escape of Louis XVi. 

CharifTimo in ChriftoFilio Noftro Ludo- 
vico Francorum Regi ChnllianUIimo 
PiusPapiVL 

CharinTime, 



nunc ipfos redundant. Itaque non po- 
tuimus hoc tempore plurimas imoioita* 
lefque non agerc D* O. M. gratias, cu- 
jus mifericordiae accepu referre haec 
fucceifuum initia debemai, neqiie noa 
cum Majcftate tul noftros animi com» 
municare fenfoi per hafcc plenas l«ii- 
tiae, ftudii, gratulationifque licterat ad 



XT VENISSE tandem quodYummoperi teipfum a venerabili fratre BartholomaKi 



•1-^ cupiebamuSy iotclleximui Majefla- 
tcm tuam inter varies cafus timorefque 
ac dxfcrimina ex ilia Parifitofi etterato- 
rum ac furenclum huminuro immani- 
ute, cum uDiverta Regia familia eUp« 
fam eiVe, jamque in tuto coofiAere. In- 
crcdibile eft, charillime in Chriiio Fill 
nodcr, qu2 a paterno nofiro aoino fue* 
rit ex hilce rcceniibus D«intiis perccpta 
confolatio, qu^m cert£ nullii (atis afle- 
qui verbis ac cxpiicare poiTumus. Ne« 
que DvAra fotum hxc maxima jugrndi- 
tas eft, fed univeriae civiutis noftrae, 
omniumque ordinum a fummii ufque 
ad infimoi, qui te tuoiqua falvos incu* 



Aichiepifcopo Damiatab noftro et Apof* 
tolicze Sedis ad Traje£tum Rheni Nun* 
tio Ordinario perferendas. Dum eas 
ipfe tibi Mddct, et coram te impofitun 
i nobis munus explebit, raldc k tc peti- 
mus ut ipfum Regia humaniute exci- 
piasy eandemque in omnibus pcadles A« 
dem, quam nobis ipTis te allo^ucntibua 
przftiturus elTes. Quas nos tecum par* 
tfis peragimus, eafdemqae et cum cha* 
riflima in Chriflo Fiiia noftra Antonii 
Regina conjuge tua, et cum dile&i^ipo 
in ChriAo Filio noftro Ludovico Del* 
phino, cateiaque Regia familia loculen- 
tiore, quo pollumus, animo-exhitiemus. 



Ibmefqoe, Deo protcgenic, a graviffimif Quas nunc prcces obfecraiionefque nof- 

iilia periculis evafifle laitantur. Refo- tras ad Omnipotenum Deum pro te, 

nant adhuc hujus urbis fora viaeque ex- chariflime in Chrifti Fili nofter, quaeque 

vltantis populi Romani publicis vocibus Tota, quas lachryuias^undimus I Im* 

de tua lalute gramJantii, cujus Ia;titi« ploramus tibi promptum, padficum, 

ttiles, nequid a mibis hie cxaggeratum gloriofumquc in regnum reditura, rc- 

fufpicari poflis, ipfas adduclmus Regias ceptam a te priAinam poteftatem luam, 

Pnnwpiflas diUaulimas in Chiiflo Alias redufias leges, jiiraque omnia reftituta. 

poftras, Mariam Adelaidaro et Vi^o- Te iUucReligioreducatcumamplillitoo 

riam Mariam piaeftaniiir»mas amiias Pra!fulum in luas fedes redeunjium cc 

uias« necnoo et venerabilcm fratrem miiatu : Tecum ilia regnal in Populos, 

noflrum Cardinaiem de Bernis, qui quorum jam contumaciam iiceatiaroqu© 

cene in hoc communi animorum ftudio fregerit, volentefquc animos ad roores» 

continere lacbrymai minimi potuerunt. ad pietatem, ad oflScia reTocarit. Hire 

Sed a in percipienda de te confolaiione funt aflidua ad Deum pro te vou nottra, 

cafteros omnes a nobis fuperari dicimus, hue noftr« cogitaiiones, fludia, cuiaqu© 

id veriflimi dici facili tibi perfuaferii, omnes unici converiae collocaia-que 

qui jam prsBclaic novcris qu« magna funt. Hoc animo Apoftolicam benedic- 

lecum Temper fuerit amorit officiornm- tionem, quae divinarum omnium bene, 

que omnium conjunaio, quantumquc diAionum aufpicia effe poliit, tuaque 

hoc poflreroo adverfiUimo tempore do- omnia confilia aique incepu veras feli* 

R * il * 



loris, apgufliarum atrumnarumque tua* 
rum partem in^ nolmetipfos iul'cipere- 
tiius. Nunc veio ha:c omnia tantiim 
i'olantur magis^ quod hoc ipfo egreiTu 
tuo ptrcipiaro'us qui tuus (emper ani- 
mus fuent erga Religionem atque Ec- 



citatis exitu prolequetur, et cumulec 
tibi, charilfime in Chriflo Fili^ noflec, 
una cum Augufta Coojwge tua omni* 
que Regii familia, ex intimo paterno 
corde amantiliime imptrtimur. 

Datum Rom2, die fcxto Juiii, 1791, 



cletiam, ac erga egregios illos peni Pontificaiiis noftri anno dccimo ieptimo. 
omnc-. Gallurum Annftites, quibus 



fumma eft, vel per exilia djipeilis, in 
fide omnique f iitute conflantia. Quid 
jam dicemus de immenfo bonorum vi* 
rot urn numero, de profu^a praeclara ilfa 
nobilitatc in te lefpicicnte, pro ttque 
capita fua devoTcnte ? iioium omnium 
te in libertate vindicato, teque fuo re* 
ccpto Regc cumulantur in nos gaudiai 
eor>um in te vota Ipefque maxima in nos 



Answer to Dr. Priestley's Let- 
TER to the Inhabitants of 
THE Town of Birmingham.* 

SlR| 

AS you art a%man of genius and 
learning, whofe writings have 
done honour to your country, 1 am fin- 
cercly concerned for your fudFtrings. 
But| at the fame time, 1 am fuipiizcd 

yoa 



1791O ^nfioir49 Dr. Pxieftley on Blrmlflgham Mtettng^ C95 

you coold cot Ibrefee the confeqaeaces tentire to their tnnfA&ions, they may 
of that fa^ious and rebellious fpirit a^ with integrity and honour. But 
which your party had endeaToured to when the fervour of parriotifm ia abated, 
rai(e and foment. Could you imagine we may poffihly f^e fome of the prnjec- 
that fober and feoBble people would tort of this Revolution in a very differ* 
TAMELY hear the prefent Government ent tight -, we may fee a deluded people 
in Church and State atrocioudy vilified waking out of their trance, and execrat- 
by a fet of miichievous Republicant ? ing the wild and dcftru^ive policy of 
Could you calmlv and confiderately their.ruleni. 

fuppofe that thcfe difcontented and tur* You think it very hard that your 
bulent fpirits could celebrate the tri* property (hould be deftroyed in this in* 
umphi of anarchy and confolion in furreflion. I will charitably believCp 
France, without giving offence to loyal that your fufferings are much great^er 
and prudent Engliihmen? Could you than your fault. But rcfle£l for a mo* 
ferioudy think, that the zeal of your ment, and you will perceive, that the 
party coutd propagate their ftditious Revolution Societies, for which you 
libels, and infamous publications, againll have been a loud and Arenuout advo- 
the Government and an amiable Sove- catc, have been the primary cause 
reign, without exciting a general horror of all the calamities which you and 
and indignation ? your friends have fuffained. Tbe^r 

You cejtainly expc£led that your have, in fa£^, -lighted up the flames iii 
RevolotioB-rocicties,confederation*din« Birmingham. When a mob is colled* 
ners, advertifemnu, hand^bills, and in- ed, you know it is noteafily controuled{ 
flammatory publications, would operate and thofe who occafion the infurredioa 
•n the minds of the people in your fa- are anfwerable for the confequences. 

vour, and perhaps produce a general ** Neque lex tft aequior ulla, 

iofurref^ion ; ai\d that, at fuch a crifis, " QiuUn necis artifices arte pcrirc foa.** 
our effablifhed form of government Permit me to add, that, as a late fac* 
might be abolifhed, and a new fyflem tious and fanatical politician predifted^ 
propofed, modelled, and organized by that Bofton would be the Land of Li- 
ibme of your vifionary projeflors. berty, the Mount Sion, th^ Heavenly 

You (eem to be infenfible of the hap- Jerufalem, you cannot do better tham. 
piaefs you have enjoyed ; and not to advife all difcontented Democrats to 
reflet, that there will be imperfections crofs. the Atlantic immediately, and 
in all human infiitutionsi that the moft join their brethren in the United States, 
oftentatiottt theories would not be ex« Let a certain petulant and malignant 
cinpt from irregularities^ inconveni- pamphleteer of that country be their 
eaces, and corruptions $ and that, what* conductor. They may fing *' !• tri* 
ever form of government (kould be umphe" on Bunker's-hill 1 and we fliall 
adopted, fpeculative philofophers and rejoice in our deliverance. I am, Sir^ 
faAious politicians would dill demand your fincere wclUwiflier, '■■— 

a fanher reformation, or, as you call it, ■■ 

an ** improvement." To expe6k PER- Bisuop OF Durham's Public 
FECTION in the adminiftraiion of a Entry, August 4, 1791. 

great empire is an ideal fcheme of me* /^N this day the Biihop of DurhaiA 
uphyficaJ phreozy. Vy made his public entry into his dio« 

You think that ** a neighbouring na- cefe. He was met on Croft-bridge by 
tion is emapcipated from tyranny;" and a gieat number of gentlemen, and ac* 
that a company of Engliihmen may very companied to Darlington, where up« 
laudably exprefs their joy 00 this occa- wards of an hundred gentlemen, of the 
fion. Were your premtlTes true, 1 would firil diftinftion and propeny in the 
allow your concluiion. But let us wait county, dined with his Lordfliip* At 
the event. Philofophers ihould not be FarewelUhall he was met by the Chap* 
too credulous, or form their determina- ter of Durham, where he was addrefled, 
tions too raflily. It is very poflible, that in a very hand fome fpcech, by Dr. 
all the magnificent fchemes of your Sharp, the Subdean, in the name of the 
Augiifi Ditt m France may be fuccecded Dean and Chapter ; to which his Lord* 
by a ridiculous, a villainous, or a bloody Ihip made an anfwer, diflinguilhed by 
cataftropbe. thofe fentiments of piety, loyalty, and 

Hitbeno the members of the National munificence, which every friend to the 
Afleflfibly are in their probationary ftate; Church and to his Country mud wi(h 10 
and while the eyes of all Europe art at* fee exemplified in a Bifliop of DurbAm, 

and 



•696 Tbe Bijhep tf Durham's Puhlk Entry. [Augnft-, 

andof wfttch It isbut juftice to fay» that land withia your Lordfhip's dtocefey chat 

hit Lordlhip pave a prominng earned in your Lordfhip may be, and long continuo to 

the diocefe of Saruro. **«« » Father to your Clergv, the Patron of 

Merit, the Friend of the Prxtr and DiftrelTod, 
Dr. Sharp's Spcech* an<i nn example of every thing that is great 
My Lordy and good. 
' Permit ine, on this joyful occafion, to con* , His Lobdship's Answer. 
gratalate your Lord(bip» in the name of the I confidtr it, Mr. Subdean and GenttemeOf 
Right Reverend tbe Dean and the Chapter as one of the moft pleaftng circomfVances at- 
'ttftheCathedral, on your Lordihip's tranfla- tendmgmy unfolicited elevation to this dif- 
tion tothe (ee of Durham ; an event which, tiiiguilhed fee, that I receive, on my accefiioQ 
there is every reafnn to believe, will give the to it, the kiiui and obliging congratulations of 
. inoft general (atisfadlion to both Laity and a Chapter witli the very refpe^Me Head of 
Clergy in your Lordftiip's diocefe; who arc which I have long lived in habits of inti- 
truly fenfible of bis Majcfty's care and pro- macy, and witli fome of whofe valuable 
teftion of the ChnVch in this Northern part members I palled a part of my early days;— 
«>f the kingdom, by his nomination of your \vith ihofe to wlmm it has not hithertu beei^ 
' Lordfhip to fill this important flation ; e(V«- my good fortune to be perfonally known, I 
cially as the deplorable (late of health of our hope to be foon conne^ed in friendly inter- 
late Diocefan had, ff>'r fome time, unavoid- courfe. 

aMy prevented him firom refiding among us. While thii recent and repealed inftanco of 

But your Clergy will now think thtmfelves his Mlijefty's favourable opinion excites in 

liapi^ in having free accefs to your Lord- my mind the warmed gratitude, it will alio, 

Ihip, , for advice, protection, or in any diffi- I truft, animate me in fuch a dKcharge o£ 

culties that may occur in their refpedive pa- tliofe important duties which my (ktuation 

riflies, and will be glad of every opportunity demands, as may bed exprefs the ienfe I en* 

oJF teftifying their refpe^ and obedience to tertain both of the nature of the office and 

your Lordfiiip. the manner of conferring it ; and prove the 

The fee of Durham ha^ been filled, at dif- mofl acceptable return wlUch a Sovereign^ 

ferent times fince the Reformation,, with invariably anxious for the welfare of bit 

Prelates of the moft exalted characters, people, wilhes to receive, 
whether for learning, piety, munificence, I am too well aware how much the civil 

benevolence, or charity ; all which, we and ecclefiaftical interefls of tliis palatinate 

fUtter ourfelves, will be united in your and diocefe depend on the peculiar powers^ 

Lordfhtp's chaia^r, in which both the vefied iiv the arduom flation Which 1 have^ 

will and the power of doing good, we trufl, the honour to hold, not to feet a real con- 

aie happily joined. fcioufnefs of my own little merits and abill- 

Had the Right Reverend the Dean been ties, and a fmcere defire to profit by yomr ad- 

piefent, infteaid of fo humble a fubfiitute as vice, as emergencies may occur. But, what- 

myfelf, to have welcomed your Lordfhip on ever be my deficiencies, I can yet venture lo 

your entrance into your diocefe, lie would promife my eameft attention to thofe great 

have conveyed the fentiments of the Chapter and primary intereils which fhould nem* be 

.with elegance and propriety. But your feparated, the union of which forms tbe en- 

LorJfhip will be fo kind as to accept my vied Conftitution that we enjoy ; a Conftitu- 

well* meant endeavours. tion in which Eftablifhment is harmonioufly 

The elegant Cathedral which your Lord- blended with Toleration, and limited Mo- 
fhip has given up, and which, under your narchy is tlie befl Guard to the Riglits of the 
fnfpedion, was highly improved and deco> Subject; a Conftitution, which it fhould be 
rated while your Lordfhip prefided in It, is the objeCt of every good citizen to fupport, 
greatly fuperior to any thing to be met with that the unparalleled Syflem of National Po- 
here : but I Aatrer myfelf that it will be lity, which our anceftors delivered down to 
ibme fatisfadion to yoor Lordfhip to fee us^ maybetranfroitted invk>latetopofterity, 
your prefeot Cathedral emerging from a de- To deferve the eileem of thb palitinate 
cayed ilate, as to outward appearance ; in and diocefe ihall be the ambition and endea- 
the inftde, indeed, the robud Ityle of the voor of my future lift. May it pleafe God 
Saxon architecture is inca^uble of much im- to enable me to fulfill tbe various duties of 
provement ; but there is, neverthelefs, wliat this office, which, in the courfe of his provi- 
will make up that defeCt, and give much dence, he has entrofted to me, with fidelity 
pleafure to a perfon of your Lordfhip's re- and diligence I — to maintain, againit the en- 
fined tafte and judgement in mufick, parti- croachments of Error and Innovation,, the 
cularly in facrcd harmony — a Choir, per- genuine doClrines of Chriftianity I— to ad- 
haps equal, if not fuperior, to moft in Eng- vance the interefts of Virtue, Religion, 
lai>J, except in the great metn>polis. Learning, and Merit ! — to be the friend of 

I prefume I may fny, with fome degree my Clei^y, and to promote my own happi- 

cf confidence, that it is tlte ardent wifh of nefs, temporal and eteraal, by itudytog to 

every good member of tbe Church of Eng- proinote that of others* 

Mr. 



'79' J l^atnted Glafs at Hcaley Hall.— £^/V^^ on iWr. Locke 69 Jl 

Mr. Urban, Mamchifitr^ Jufy i*^ which I remember tohivefeen the Cha* 

THE inclofed drawing (PUt€ I.) rt£lerifticks. the gift of Lord Shattef* 

were faithfully copied by me from bury to hit t\itor. 

two pieces of old painted gUit, now in I was forry to fee the infcriptioo fa 

the windows ac Heiley HaTl» the feat of defaced.— i doubt not )mt it wiU be ft* 

Colonel Cludwick, in I,anca(hire ; and^ ftored by the prefent proprietor^ as a 

as the fubjefts appear rarher (ingular, mark of refpe^ to tht once noble owner, 

perhaps you may th;nk them worth in- who regarded Mr^ Loekc «» h«r Divine, 

lertiog in vour enrertainiog repofitory. Philofopher, and Friend. Wm. RaY* 

N* t. is furroooded by a mutilated ■ n — 

Durch infcription, which feems to ex- M r. Urban, 7'^jf*9' 

prcfs, that " this man*i blood *wa$ jujify 'T^HE epitaoh compofed hj Mr. Locke 

taktm mfvay by tht bamtti 9f jujlici** but X for himfclf faces the title-page <£ 

to what particular incident it alludes I the folio edition of hit woiks* 1 have 

confcfs myfelf totally ignorant. This fent you a copy of it, from the monu* 

piece was l>ro)ight, it is faid, from fome ment affiKed to the South wall of High 

-part of the Continent a few years ago, Laver church, E(Iex» near to which ha 

and theie it fome reafon to fuppofe it was interred. As 1 do not recoiled tQ 

orieinaUy came from Antwerp. have fern it in any of your volumet, npr 

The principal figure in N<> a. feems in any edition of nic writings, except that 

intaoded xo repiefcnc fome Bifhopor Ab- I have mentioned, which 1 firfl met witli 

bot (perhaps of the Carthufian order), in the lihrary at Oaccs, where is pre- 

who, by the glory round hit head, hat fertred his piuure, and the great chair he 

alfo the appearance of a Saint: he p<ys ufuilly fat in ; no repofitory can be (b 

Muticular attention to a poor doe, or proper for its infertion at the Gei^le* 

tawn, which is imploring hit protefiion, man's Magazine: it will there, 1 truft, 

after baring been wounded in the breaft be fecure troro diiapldatton. I em led to 

by an arrowy whilft a kneeling fieure on this hope, from the prefent date of the 

the other €de is fuppiicattng pardon. I infciipnon. It is not long iince I was in 

l^pefbmeof your correfpondents. well High Laver church-yard. The letters 

iFcrfcd in legendary lore, will be oblig'iog were fo obliterated, that I could noc 

enough to point out its hiftory, and in- make out one woid. I wat told, that ic. 

fbrin us what pious (and, no doubt, am* was to be repaired. Perhaps, Mr. Ur- 

pie) atonement this offender made, uhe- ban, from the inlcrtion of (his letter, you 

thee for wanton or accidental facrilege. will not only gratify your enquirer, p. 

This piece wat brought from Antwerp e6), but hint to the prefent worthy pof* 

^y Mr* Chadwick in Augu(^, 1786. teflbr of Oaies, that the friends to civil 

Yours, &c« Tuo. Bar&itt. and religious liberty will expe^ from 

■ ■ him, and indeed from every (ucceeding 

Mr. UaeAN, July ii. owner of the maitBoa wh«?e the great 

MR« Locke's epitaph is to bte found Locke breathed his la ft, a proper acten* 

in the General Di^Honary.— He tion to his roooument. 

lies interred in that part of the church- It nuy be unncceiTary to fuhjoin, that 

yard of High Laver, near Epping, Eflex, Oates (a manor in the parifli 0% High La- 

which is appropriated to Oates, an obfcure, ver), was the refideocc of the Maihams 1 

retired village, noted for little elfe than that one of this family was ofuo cho'en 1 

being the feat of Lord Mt(ham,ooe of the reprefentativr for Eflfes, till ennobled by 

twelve Peers created b^ (^Anne, now be* Q^Anne. They are butKd in the fame 

longing to the familv of Mr. Palmer, church-yard 1 as is General Hill, brother, 

chelate Duke of Bedford's fteward. I I think, to Lady Malbam' of Q^eeo 

once made a pilgrimage to this place, Anne's day. The eflate has paflcd by 

from a devout veneration to this great purchafe to the Palmers, the prcient pol- 

Philofopher, who dcferves to be ranked fcirors* 

with Bacon, Newton, and Bovle, and to ^ ^.^^ Vittorl 

whom we nc indebted for the foundeft „j^ ;^ ^^^ ^ 

principles of governmeot, religion, and Johasnes Locke. 

l^\fJ' ,... - riJi-iA ^ <l«^ ^*"^ ^^^S^* mediocritaie 

Here Lady Mafham conloled his lad ^^ contentum fe vixiffc, rcfpondct. 

moments by her kind offices, and by read- ttteris innmritus eoufquc tantdttn proff cit, 

bg to him thePfalms, and other por- atvaritatiunic^Utaret: hoc ex icriptls 

dons of Scripture. iUius di(ce, quae quod de eo reliquum ed, 

Here was a well-chofen library, in ai:tjori fide tibi exhibeboat ; q^uam epi^aphii 

Gbvt. Mao. Au^t^fi, ii^u fufpeaa 



£q6 Ante Jotis of Hcntj V/h^xton^ Chzfxnzn, Aidifon^ (^c^ [Au^iufi-, 



{\i(pc€t2L elogia s virtutes fi quas habuit, 

miDores fane qtiam quas fibilaudi tibi 

'uiexeiDplum proponcrct, vitiaonafepeliantor* 

Morum exemplum (i qaaerai, in Evaiigelio 

habes; ' 

Titiorum otinam nafquam ; moitaiitatis ecitd 

(qiiod profit) hie & uWquc. 

Natmn anno Doro. 1631, Aa^. 19. 

Mortomnjuino Dom. 17049 O^ aS. 

Monorac hasc tabula brevis U ipCa intentunu" 

Yours, &c. R. D. 

Mr. Urban, OxforJ, July 16. 

YOUR vftncrible correfpondcnt at 
Whittingtoo, inf. 979 of your laft 
volume, is entitled to the thanks of your 
learned readers for his yaluable commuo 
oication of the original letter from the 
famous Antiquary, Hmry WbarfHt 
M. A. and Chaplain to Archbiihop S^n- 
croft. The foUowiog intelligence, rela- 
lifcto the fame peHoo, will. not, per- 
haps, be unacceptable. In the MattU' 
fcrtpi Library at Lambeth, N« 956, is 
jthe firft volume of CaveU Hiftoria Lite- 
rarta> London, 1688, {^ emendationibus, 
jDOcis, & additionibus qoamplurimis, in 
margins feu cake libri aojunctis, aui^a^ 
illuftrata." Thefe arc the woids of 
m^bmrlM himfclf (copied tioro a manu« 
fcripc catalogue of b'u vwn moHufcrifU)^ 
defcribing ^ faid article: and in the 
laft much-augmented edition of Cave, 
publilhcd at C^ford, thefe very improve- 
ments are fubjoined to the fttond vo- 
lume, but not attributed to the true au- 
thor. The preface to tbit volume an- 
nounces them «i^ '* Obfervationcs & ad« 
ditamcnca quaedam a Rev°*<* TbewUi 7#- 
itifofty Archiepifcopo Cantuarienli, con- 
icripta." And at the end of the volume 
thefe words are prefixed to them : '< No- 
tx MSS. & accetliones attonymi ad Cavei 
Hift.Xic. codicis margini adlcripts, in 
Bibliotb. Lambeth. iVlanus e(t plan^ 
Keverendtlf. 7bo, Ttfti/on, Cantuar. Ar- 
chiepifcopi :'* and the lafl article of the 
** AccelTiones" is thus introduced : *'.Hi8 
accedito Hifloiiola dc Chaucero noOrc, 
fcripta ctiam k Revcrendiii'. Tbo. TtH'fin^ 
Archiep. Cant, ad caicem Hiftori^ cl. 
Cavei Literatiie." 

Upon compaiing thefe "Norx MSS.*' 
with the al)ovemcntioncd N*' 956, they 
clearly appear to be tiaafcfipts tiom the 
margins of it j as do the *•* Accelliones" 
from the feparau leaves at the end,-«-all 
agreeing precifely with the improvements 
here fpecidcd. It is not reafonable that 
Wbat'UHi though his kterary charaAer 
wants no addition, ibould be deprived of 
the reputation of any of his learned la- 
boursj afld| from Uic foregoing dace* 



lAeiit, it is evident that tbb was one of 
thejiymber. Manus eft plan^ H^nrUi 
ftbartOMSi many of whole manufcripts 
were purchafed by Tenifm, The late 
Archdeacon CbapmoJi, who was Chap- 
lain to Aichlnibop Potter, appears, from 
the preface (o the (econd volume of the 
Oxford edition of Cave, to have com- 
municated thefe manufcript improre- 
ments, and Co heanfwerable for the egrc* 
gious miftake of attributing them to 7>« 
nifom, inflead of fHn^rion. The name of 
Cb^Pmiut reminds me of an omiilioD ia 
p. 6a6 of your LVih volume, whcrcia 
It ihould have been recorded, that this 
learned Archdeacon was author of a pub« 
lication prior to any there noticed, which 
was intituled, '< The Obje^ions of a late 
anonymous Wfiter [ColUniJ agaiod the 
Book of Daniel confidered ^ Cambrulge, 
S728 :" o&avo pamphlet. In coL I, of 
the next page, mention (hould alfo ha^e 
been made of *' The Jefuit Cabal farther 
opened: or, A Defence of Dr. Chmpm 
man*j late Chaise, 1747;*' and, io lioe 
33, the words ** without his name** ihould 
be ef afed, Acap^iliCUS. 

Mr. Addisom /• Dr. Chartlett ♦, 

Dear Sir, Aiig» 7, 17 • . •< 

I HOPE this will find you fafc at Oe* 
nev^, and that the adventure of the 
rivulet, which you have fo well celebra- 
ted in your laft, has been the word you 
have met with In your journey thither. 
I can't but envy your beinjg an>OQg the 
Alps, where you may fee froft and Ino^ir 
in the dog*days. We are here quire 
burnt up, and are at leafV ten degrees 
nearer the fun than when you left us. X 
am very well fatisfied 'twas io AukuTI 
that Virgil wrote his *' O quis me geHdis 
fub montibus Haemi," &c. Our days at 
prefent, like thole in the firfl chapter of 
Genefis, coniid only of the evening mad 
the morning ; for the Roman noons are 
as (ilent as the midnight of other coun-> 
ttics. But, among all thefe incon vent* 
ences, the greateft 1 fufier is from your 
departure, which is more affliding to .me 
than the CsmiaJe. 1 am forced, for 
want of better company, ta converfe 
mofVly with pictures, flatues, and medals i 
lor you muii know I deal very much in 
ancient coins, aod can count out a fuot 
in fefierces with as much eafe as ixi 
pounds iferiing. I am a great critick ia 
ruH, and can tell you the age of it at firil 
fight. I am only in feme danger oP 
lofing my acquaintance with our £xigli0a 

# From Sallard's MSS. Ycd. XX. 24. 



I79^»l Letter ^Addifon. — Deeorathns ffr the Bible. 6^ 

money, for it prefAit 1 am much more riling pricniion. The acknowledged 

vfcd CO ihe Roman. If you ^lean up moderation of the modern Dilfenrers bid^ 

anv of our country news, he fokind as to fair to the expe^ations of their liberal af- 

forward it this way. Pray give Mr. iiHancc. Thofc who attended the per* 

Difliwocd*s and my very humble fcrvicc forraance of the Mcfliah in Weftmlnflei? 

to Sir Thomas Atfton ; arid accept of the Abbey, or heard 5,000 children praifing 

fame yourfclf, from, dear Sir, your moft their Creator with the melody of the or- 

affc^ionate humhiefervant, J.Addisoiv* gan, returned divefted of every idea con^ 

My Lord Bernard, &c. give their hum- ceming the found of the devil's bagpipes, 

b!e lervice. To fee thefe ciude hints catch the atten-' 

' i ■ tibn of forne, whofe leifure and abilities' 

Mr. Urban. Bermuda, Junt 11. are m^re equal to a proper elucidation of 

N'OT WITHSTANDING much the fubjea, will give p*cafure to ' W. , 
commeridanoh is mofl juftly dueto ■■> 
the taftc and liberality of thofc who are Mr UifBAN, July'i^, 
cflablifhing fo maguincent a memofial of ^T^HE following wife and prudent 
our incomparable pocr, Shakfpeare, I '■- plan for the cultivation of timber- 
flatter myfelf fome of your readers will trees was written by a fenfible American 
agree with me, that a fubje^ of more gentleman and undone Loyalift, who has' 

f'eneral utility, as it includes the whole heen obliged to feffarate troni his family » 

uman race, might be propofed, that having lofl a large fortune, and who is 

would do fuperior credit to the genius now gone to fetk his bread on the plaint 

tod jgcnerofity of our feveral artifts, and* of Ana. If it can be of any fcrvice to* 

lave a more forcible claim on the patron- the kingdom 1 alfo have been obliged to^ 

age of the publick ; I mean 1 general fbrfake, taut mieux. P. T. ' 

feviHon of the Bible, adorned with all A Flan for gr^wui^ Lectt/I Tries^ ^c» 
the embclHfliments that printi paper, and' for tbi U/i of lie Rojal Nanjj. 

comfings, can furniih, in editions fuit- IT is propofed that an a£t of par* 

able to the prince and the pcaftnt* liament be obtained, apportioning about 

Though thefe fubje6t« have been at- ten thoufatid acres, or fuch a quaaiiiy of 

tempted by many capital artiils of other the lands in the Nev^ Foreft and the Fo- 

countrtes ; for the honour of our own, we rcfl of Dean as nnay be judged fufficient 

may hope that proper encouragement* for the purpoles ot Government, to be 

might furnifli performances of which i^t apart for growing Locud^trees, Live* 

none would be alhamed 1 and we can oak, and White>oak, for the ufc of th# 

boad a Church capable of receiving the royal navy of this country. The ilocuft 

nobleft. It would argue an unwarrant- is a wood of remarkably miick growth^ 

able prcfuroption to doubt the mod cor- fb much fo, that cwcnty-tive or thirty 

dial concurrence of that Royal Pair, who yean will produce a large tSrcc, fit for the 

have experienced fuch fignal inftances of ufes commonly made ofit. Its (Irength 

the mercy of the Mod High, and whofe i^ equal to that of the Oak, and of fo du* 

condu£^ hath evinced how forcibly they rable a nature, that a flake driven into 

are affefled by it. Our Biflions are de» the ground has been known to (land ex* 

fervedly held in very general efteem;' pofcd to the weather for the fpacc of 

and he, who at prefent fills the fee of eighty or an hundred years before it be* 

London, has too much libetality of fen- gan to decay. This wood is found, by 

timent to require any part of the old' wo- the American (bipwrights, to be (ingu- 

man to be (haken from hi m. Many of the larly ufeful in making the upper-works 

fenators, both of the upper and lower of l>rge fiiips, and fuch particular parts 

i^ory, I am well perfuaded, had much of veUels' as are .likely to <ltcay foon. 

tather^iew a grand difplay of the benefl- The Live-oak ami White-oak arc made 

cent ^6t% of the Prince of Pcate faith- ufe of for the fame purpofes a«» the Lo- 

fully reprefented on canVas, than be pre- cuft tree; and, although they are of a 

ftnt at any real exhibition where the lefs durable nature than the Locuft, they 

Wards, Big Ben, or any of the virtuous are ftill more durable than the common 

fraternity or pugilins, are aflembltd to Oak of this country, but do not giow fo 

kiiockeach other's eyes out. Reprefcn- large. The Locuft is alfo ufed for mak- 

taiions, luch as are here recommend^il, ing of tunneU or pins for Hups^ and . 

may have a tendency to meliorate the fe- twelve or fifteen years will produce a tree 

HKity of our drovers and draymen, our large enough for that particular purpofe. 

^tmen and our butchers, and have a The Locutt- tree grows well in this coun*, 

i>»ppy effect. Udder the influence of a try ; and my Loid Amherfl, to whom I' 
very laudable fociety, on the morals of a had 



yoO Planfif pr9wing Ltcuft Tnef^ IS c. for th$ R^yal Navy. [ Augnft, 

kad the honour of faggefliog my idett on fiancet fliatt be }udgcd neccfTaiyt be fee 

tbii fubjc£l, Informed me, that he has apart at a nurfery for erowiog umber for 

Loeuft trees now growing in hit gardens, the royal navy i and that lo roucK of th« 

It it aifo beyond a doubt that the Lire- wood as can from time to time be fpared* 

•ak wiW grow well in this country^ at be difpofed of to the pubtick for tiie be« 

the climate ft fo nearly alike to that of ncfitof Gorernment. That the whole be 

the Cardltoat. The Locu(l*tree growt under the caia and management of com* 

(k(1 in poor Itnd, a dry, fandy, or gra- roiHionert to be appointed for that pur- 

veily foil» and fuch at will proouce pofe, with fuch regulations a' iball appear 

fcarcelf iny thing e^fe i of which quality moft likely to prove conducive in future 

(at well as of good land) there it a fuffi- to the public good, Ebbn. Jessuf* 

cie|it quantity alreidv furveyed in the ...••..». 

New Foreft : but no other than good, rich Mr. U R B A N » J^fy 1 3 • 

land will grow large White-oak trees. A FTERthe minyriifir«/»rtfi*of the 

The Locuft, Live-oak, and White*oak juL hte Dr» Samuel Johnfon that have 

trees fhould be planted at the diftance of been exhibited to the publtck through 

about i6{ feet apart; confequently, an die ii#</f4i of hit fn'endt and enemies, yoa 

acre will prodnce 160 trees of about t| have at length obliged ot with what 

ton each. The Locuft-tree of twentv fecmt to me a true portrait of him, fee 

five. Live-oak forty, and Whiteooak p. 500. The writer of this knew Dr. 

fixty yean growth. J^ it acauaiated with Mrt. Rnowlet^ 

In order to prevent any confiderable and loved and refpe^ed Jenny H) and 

txpcnce ari(ing to Government from car* cannot help wifkioff that fome of the 

rying this plan into execution, it is pro* company would let ute world know who 

pofed, that a fofficient number of proper formed the whole group, and whether 

perfons be fcle6bd from amone the out* any other perfon amopg them topk pare 

penfioners who enjoy the benefit of Chel- in the cooverfation. But as, perhape, 

lea, and that that number be conOantly none of them may chufe to (land fonh ia 

employed on this fervicc, reeeiv<ible an- fuch a bufinefs, 1 (hall give my reafone 

■uaily. or every fix months, as fliaU be |for the exprefliont made ufc of above, ia 

judged rood expedient $ that a houfe be /calling this dialogue a true p^trmt, 

built for their accommodation on a part I How does the Dc^or appear in it ? A 

of the Fored adjoining the lands parceled mixture of arrogance and dogmatifm, 
out for the above purpofe ; and a piece of ' poiTtiled, or willing to make his auditors 

ground allotted to them for a garden. ! believe he was pofleiTed, of fuperior 

And it is funher propofcd, that the I knowledge, by a Kind of intuition 1 )For» 

faid a£l fliall oblige every freeholder, co- ' in the difpute, he coouoverit the opt* 

pyholder, or other proprietor of lands, fcion of hit advetfarv, not by reafon and 

in this kingdom, to plant a certain quan- I argument, but by ill-manners and info* 

Itty of trees, of durable wood, fucn as ! lencei and freely owns, that he con- 

Locud, the different fpcciet of Oak, A(h, j demot Quakerifm, and itt profelTors. 

Elm, Beech, Birch, Maple, Lime, A- whom he flylei little better than Dei(lt» 

cacia, &c. &c. to* be particularly fpeci- without having ever looked into the befV 

iied in the faid e£l, along his grounds, writers on the fubjed^ or, indeed, with- 

facing any public or bye road, the fame out knowing any thing of their tenets* 

i>eing a carriage- road, and on each fide Now* Sir, it this it not a true portrait of 

thereof, at the aforefaid diftance of 16) the Do£tot, I know not where we fkall 

feet apart, or at a farther or neater dif* find one; I can, at lead, aver it corre* 

timce, as the, foil ibay be found capable fpondt exa£tly with whatever I have met 

40f growinf^ large treetj that every u- in his company, though I was not pre- 

nant be obliged to plant treetj along the fent when the dialogue took place be* 

front of all his grounds, facing a car- tween Mrs. K. and him. I deny not 

riage-road, that he may hold upon a leafe that, occafionally, the DoAor was a maa 

fbr (even yeart or upwards^ fuch tenant of pleafant converfation i but it was 

to be allowed a reafonable price for his when the ftream lan according to his 

labour, and reimbiirfement of his necef- mind, and he met with no oppofition ^ 

fiiry expeoccs, by his landlord. for the lead impediment threw him into 

It is alfo fubmitted, that It would be that drain of overbearbg language in the 

of great public utility to plant trees a- dialogue now alluded to, and which was 

round the commons throughput this continually increafed by the adulating 

kingdom ; and that a cert^^in quantity of compltmentt paid him by thofe perfon s 

ground, fo much as from local circum- ' e x v^ord not in his Di^iiooa^ 

wbe 



1791O , £«ra Clarendon, JDr. Prieftley, and Mr. Burke. yof 

who huDg; about htniy aod feemed to ima* whether foch challenge wat given before 
giae their own meritt rofc in proportion or afrer his fathei^ efcape. If before, 
n they puffed up thofe of the DoQer. the Otifioft flrctch of candour can ocXy 
Your prefeot correfpoodent is DoQjia- infer, that he had ai tltmimowunt feriotn 
ker, and coodemnt their fornix though thou^ts of making hit defence, but fud- 
in many in(Uncct he approres their te- denly changed hit mind when he found 
nets; but why the name of J. H. ihould the Managers of the Impeachment de« 
bave been branded with epithets of nmncb termioed to proceed. If after, 00 bra- 
and flmit when the Do6for knew her to vado could be more ridiculous ; as it in 
be of excellent moralt, and virtuout cha- unirerfallf known, that, in Eogbmlv 
ra^er. i« not eafily comprehended, nnlefs profecutiont are never carried on by exa- 
lt be to fiiew his deienarion of every per* minarion of evidence aj^ainft abfent oicii. 
Con and thing that differed hem him : a for the fake of puniilnoe them in fffP* 
temper not very philanthropic or phiki* if convicted. What if the Soveragm 
fophical, but which exa£^ly agreet with was privy to his traofafiiont in the fak 
him, nod proves the verifimilltude of the of Dunkirk } what if he urged the dt* 
pot trait. That Mrt. K. wat the means graded Minifter to retire to the Conti* 




circumflnnccs of that timet aod not much that the Statcfroao who, under the faac- 

to be wondered at, when the abilities of tioo of any Monardi whatever, provei, n 

the one, and the eafv, good-natured dif* traitor to bis country, Ihoold eicape the 

pofitioo of the other, are confidered ; Aroog arm of the law, which has at all 

but this I can fay, to the day of her death rimes authority to drag fonh and bring 

the little convert (for Ihe it now no him to condign puoimroenty as it did 

more) continually expreffed the high fa* Lord Strafford, the minion of the 6rft 

tisfa^ion (he felt in the rcSgious opini- Charles, the inOrumentof his dcteftable 

ons die had embraced, though ihe often oppreflions ! The Bruium FmImhi of an 

ref>retted the anxiety that change in her l/oiVeriitv, whofe Aatteriet Lord Claren- 

fentiments has cauled among fome of her don purcnafed by beftowiog on it a por* 

good friends. don of hh ill-gotten treaiures, moves 

, I little thought the wife of a furgeon not me. Tothe traofcendant abiliriesof 

in a country town (for (uch J. H. at that Noble Hi dorian I bow with the ut« 

length.became) would have been brought moft defierence ; but cannot avoid laying 

thus into public view ; but this pen was fome ft reft on his perpetual afie^ation c7. 

taken up to defiend her memory from piety, his remarks on Lord Brooked fall« 

any reflexions that may be caft upon it, ing a vi£tim to St. Chad» and hh oo»- 

and to fliew that no learning or abilities figning Cromwell to ** damnaaon and 

can juftify obloquy or Ul-manAen. helUfire j" when contrafted with hit fug* 

Youre, ofiC M. Sf geibng the affaffination of Deiborougn, 

..-i-.— - which, though not aAually perpetrated, 

Mr. Urban 9 fvly 19* defer ve$ to be recorded in tne fame fcroll 

MY ftate of health being pcrfc£lly with the murders of Doriilatfs and Af- 
immaterial to your readert, who cham. If Wood was ** foul-mouthed," 
can have no anxiety to learn whether I the chief obje^s of his abufe are the Pa- 
am fuhje£^ to 6ts of fpleeo or jaundice, ritant ; and his friends, the High Church 
I (hall waive all reply to your correfpon* psrty, might forcJy have forgiven his 
dent Vinde^t on that fubjeft, and take in* now and then blurung out a home-trutb 
to immediate confideratioo what mj let* extremely unacceptabfi to them. Sir C. 
ters haye induced B. L. A. and htm to Wogan, a Jacobite correfpoodent of 
lay of Lord Clarendon^ Dr. PriefHey, Swift's, fpeaks of Lord CUremdon in fiili 
and Mr. Burke at harih a drain t ** He fled his country 
The guilt imputed by Wood to Lord and his mafter, becaufe be durft not (land 
Clarendon was by no means my ground hb trial) he vanilhed, and left a horrible 
for reprefenting him as a corrupt Minif* (tench behind him to thu day." 
tcr i but his igoomioioos flight, and the It was obliging in Vindcx to print at 
fubfequent decifion of hiaJPcers, are the fiill length, *• the mob of fcrtbbiing 
argumcntt 1 urged in behalf of the bo- Archdeacons, the H^ffleyt and Travifes,* 
neft Oxford Annalift. The Chancellor's exadly u it flood in mmmtfiript, till the 
fon defying his accufers to wove any one diUetHf of your compofltor gutti4i thi 
Ktticle of the charge againtt him true, is awprrx. What I faid of them^ bt would 
«<|ually idle and unworthy of our notice^ |a^ 



foi *Z^i Clarendon, Dr. Pricftley, and Mr. Burke. [AugnftV 

fiin retort on a writer at leaft equal to 

the whole fquad put together i but fure- 

ly ** frantic** was as ill-chofen a word as 

could have been found in tiie ^^hole to* 

'cabulary, when applied to Dr. Prieflle^, 

tbe chara6kerinick of whofe works is 

dear, manlv fenfe, which borrows no aid 

from tlie dccoiations of eloquence. I 

can \i^vt no caufe for beine ** grtatlj 

prawktd'* at (lri£hires on tnat igentle- 

jnao» with whom I have not the honour 

of being, connected, either from perfonal 

incercourfe, or as a profelvte to bis te- 
nets* On the two great fources of his 

fame, his difcoreries in experimental 

philofophy, and the ability with which he 

treau intricate metaphyucal fubje6is, it 
' 1)ehoves me, who have by no means fuf- 

ficient knowledge in either department to 
* appreciate his merits, to be wholly iilent* 

The only motive which can authorize 

my coming forward to avow my refpe£t 

for Dr. Prieftley, ;$ that invariable Hrm- 

neft with which he has, ivem in tkcfi 

dayi^ afTcrtcdtUe caufe of religious liberty. 

I view him, not as an Unitarian, but as 

tbe (Irenuous advocate for thofe rights of 

tonfcience which the Reformation has 

tranfmitted to us as its beft ioheritance, 

and can haye no fcruple in yielding this 

unworthy tribute of applaufe to him, 

who, animated by tbe purcft motives, has 

fpr a long feries of years flood unlhaken 

again (I a whole legion of the moll viru- 

lent and inveterate affailants; at a time 

when the ** r*ging red-hot fpirit of Sa- 

cheverellf which has long been conjuring 

up from tbijtadti (not to quote Shak« 
' fpeare too verbally), and is now let flip, 

with Ate at his fide, cries havock I" The 

timid and fpeculative will lay but too great 

tlrefs on the caution in Ecclefiaftes, ^* be 

not righteous over-much," My choice 

narks out a middle road between the two 

extremes of Athana(ianifm and Socini- 

anifm. Afpiring to no title beyond that 

of a ^nBdent Proteftant, I hare bounds 

cd my views to the outlines of thofe two 

religious ellabli^ments which divide this 

ifland : and if I have been ambitious of 

fo far adapting myfelf to both, as to 

found my onliodoxv on a bafis one dc* 

gree wider than that of our modern 

Scribes and Phanfees, let it not be im.- 

puicd to any bafe motives. No- tempe- 
rate man (and of (uch only is the good 

opinion to be valued) will bTame my hav* 

ing fo far copied the (cntimcnts of Sir 

James Johnftone, as, in drawing com pa* 

riloos between our two modes of wor- 

ihip* to own myfelf fully convinced, that 

the Kirk of Scotland is as ftraight a road 

to fifeaTcoy and certainly by fv the moft ' 



(Economical. With a confcience Icfs 
pliable, it would have been highly in** 
cunibent on me many years ago to have 
quitted England, which is evidently no 
country for a Diffenter to live in. 

From Mn Bofwell's Memoirs we have 
the pleafure of learning, that Dr. Sa*. 
muei Johnfon reprobated Mr. Fox as a 
wicked Whig, but had penetration c- 
nou^h to difcover a kindred fpirit in Mr. 
Burke, even while they were both tug* 
ging hard for two makers directly oppo- 
nte in their political intcrcfls. Lord 
North and the Marquis of Rockingham s 
for this 1 give |^irn due credit. JohnToa 
waft the mod abjed of all bigots j not to 
mention his intolerant difpo(it:on, we are 
aOured by his Bio^aphers, tliathc pray* 
ed for the dead, and that he declared he 
would face a battery o( cannon to re (lore 
the Convocation to its loft authority z 
while Mr. Burlce, fcarcely behind-hand 
with him, dotes on every Monkifh cow)» 
and quite idolizes the red hat of a Car* 
dinal ; for Catholic DifTenters he is anx« 
ious to obtain every poftible indulgence^ 
while he raves with the utmoft virulence 
againft (imilar applications from Prefby- 
ttrians, whofe religion is '* tbt trut •ar#** 
among our Northern brethren : both per* 
fc6lly accord in holding Kings, Priefls, 
and Peers, a fuperior order of beings, 
and the Plebeian Laiety mere beads of 
butthcn. Here my parallel breaks fhort % 
the Oxonians made Johnfon a Doflor, 
not on account of his Dictionary or mo- 
ral works, but for his ^* Taxation no 
Tyranny ;*' while they fcouted the Right 
Honourable Pamphleteer, who wrote 
more diffulivtly on the French Revolu-' 
tion. Here would f clofc my letter % 
but, being rcflc5tcd on by Vindex, for 
praifiog the Oxford Captit, (fo hard is ic 
to pleale!) I mud add a few thoughts 
on Mr. Burkc*s ** loyalty and zcaffor 
Epifcopacy," not fo much from an anx- 
iety to make my own peace with the gen* 
tleman who comes in the chara£ler of his 
champion, as for the fake of judifying 
by authentic vouchers the praifes I have 
already bedowed, and fliall yet again be* 
dow, on the Rulers of that learned Se* 
mi nary, for haring refiifed a Degree to 
Mr. Burke. 

, Mr. Burke, the profefTed admirer of 
Chivalry, may probably rccollcfl a paf- 
fage in Butler's Hudn)ras, (the words do 
not immediately occur to me,) where 
cither that Xnight or his 'Squire Ralpho 
compares loyalty to a dial which never 
deviates, whether the fun (hinc upon is 
ot.no. If a Parliamentary Oiator, jult 



^79^'] X^^ Claitn Job, Z^rt'Pncftlcy, and Mr. Bwike. .^03 

Bt.ihc fDomenc wlien hit Sorercign*t and ranpiRg fores, the vn^anee and 

health opcni ,profpt6l8 of great enolu- prefunoptioD, of the miferaDle great." 

mcDC frooi aoother auarcer, declaim with The noioft bumorout paiTagfs in Garth's 

exultation on ** Gnd s having hurled him Difpenfary, where he fatiriiet Quackt^ 

from his throne i*' no ical tor the Rights afford nothing either half fo groft, or 

of Kings can induce the moH fuperBcial half fo burlefque^ and where fuch ifiia- 

ohferver to form any higher opinion of ge$, not (ketchcd with haftey but cx- 

that roan's loyalty, however oftcntatiouily prcffcd in laboured phfafeology, dis* 

bhzoced fonh, ihjn the audience in a figure the work of a man celebrated for 

Farifian upper gtl^cry would entertain his taftc and vigorous imaginatioa, it it 

of the Have Sofia's attachment to his old vifibic with half an eve, that his only 

Mafter. from hearing him fay, " Le \6. aim could be, to expofe the Right Re-- 

litahlc Amphitiyon eft T Amphitryon oCl verend Bench to the derifion of bit 

Ion dioc.*» readers. L. L. 



We now come to the article Epifcc- 



pacy J and furely oo compliments to the TT»,*%f NiWcaJfU, Stsff^rd^ 

rJoDJuringPopifliEcclefiafticks or France ^*' ^'^•AN, ^^y^^ j^^^ ^^^ 

can lound acceptably in the ears of thofe A^NE of your biographical corre* 

meek, holy, ▼cnerable men, the Enghlh KJ fpondenis, p. 53^, dcfired to bo 

Biibops, whofs immediate defcent trom acquainted with the time of the hirth of 

the Apoftlcs ftar« us in the face at every fcrerai authors therein named ; and, a- 

RjTo, aod^ like a long Welfli pedigree, mongtt others, of Mr. Elijah Fenioa. 

fills up fo many pagci in our molfap- Your correfpondent may depend on the 

plaudtd devotional performances. Wc following information refpeaing the 

are habituated to read fine things when- birth of Mr. Fcnton, which comes ixouk 

ever the Hierarchy is fpoken of. With a near relation of that gentleman. Mr. 

what fublime exeruons of genius does Elijah Penton was born at Shelton, oa 

the author of an Ode, puhliflied about the aoth of May, 1683. and died at 

three years ago as one of Swift's earlieft EaHhampftead, in Berklhire, the feat of 

juvenile effofions, defcribc an Upper sir William Trumbull, the i6rh of 

Hoofe of Convocation in the ntxt ji,iy, ,730. He was the youngcft of 

^^^^^ 1 eleven children of John Fenton, of 

^ffhcre hiib Patrician fouls, JrejVd beavVJy Shelton, near Ncwcalile, in Stafford- 

Z^y» /hire, who was an attorney at law, and 

Sit cbd m iavn «jf purer-woven day : o„e of .the coroners for that county, 

"all abominations, every thing that Obferving thatanothercorrefpondent^ 

dcBletb," everv poor Curate in his tat- vol. LI. p. 511, wiflied to be informed 

tercd furplke, being excluded with as whether any portrait of Mr. Fenton is 

J«tle ceremony as the dogs and forcerers now extant; that correfpondent is hereby 

JO the Apocalypfe. The firii paifige I informed, that there is a good portrait 

i^umbic upon of Mr. Burke's, calculated of htm, painted by Richardfon, now 

for being produced without the pre- in the poffefTion of ont of his relations** 

cin£is nf a Koman Conclave, falls dc- . One or two copies of it have been taken $ 

plorably (bort of the above j though I but no engravings of it have, 1 believe 

can conceive that he originally caught ever been made. 

the idea from the follow lag fublime paf- On a tombftone, placed over the grave 
fage of Lucretius : of Mr. Fenton's father, in the church» 
Humana ante oculos/«rii2 cum vita jaccrot ya^^d of Stoke upon Trenr, is the fol- 
ia terris, opprelTa gravi fub ^^////ww, lowing clcgint Latin infcripiion | which, 
Q^xxf^fiti a Cccli regionibus ofitnji^ut, as it was written by Mr. Elijah Fenton, 
liurribili fttper afpedu motcaiihus iiidans. and has, I believe, not been be^irc 
Thus rendered, with much diminu- publifhed, may perhaps be acceptable 
tion^ by Creech : to i'ome of your readers, if you thiik 
Long lime men lay opprefs'dwhhfervile fear, fo, you we at liberty to infert lU 
Religtom's tyranny did domineer, H. S. E. 
Antf, being placed in Heav'n lookM proudly Joanhes Fcvron 

down, de Shehon 

And frighted abjeA fpirits with her frown. antique ftiri>c generofuf | 

Mr. Burke lays: ** Religion is to ex- juxta rchquias conjugis 

alt her mitred fiont in Courts and Par- Cathakinje 

liaincBts. in order that fhe may pay a formi, moribtw, pietate, ^ 

ific<iiciual attention to ihcmcctal btuuhcs ♦ Which we Ihoukl readily engrave. Edit. 

4 ' Optimo 



jo4 Farther Remarks on the prefent State of France. [ Augulf, 

^plimo Tiro djgmflimx : CTery houfe,, hut, or cabin, exhibited, 

Qot at their doors or windows, either a ta» 

iRtemerBtl in ecclefiam fide, ble-cloth, flieet, towel, or a piece of an 

k Yirtutibot intaroiaatisenituic; old fmock, by way of cxprefTiog their 

necnoQ mgenu lepore fatisfaaioo. The Jturnai da CMs^ 

boms arubus exp^i, ^^^^^ ,^^ ^^1, circulated throughout 

"rbTSf^rS^'T^^ ^»l« -»^oIe kingdom, have a wonLful 

Decern aDnoiuxoridUeaxfuperilei ^^^f* "^ «^«{y ">" who can read, 

magnum fui defidcrium bonis «!^* «^«^h aflooilhment truths, which. 

omnibus rcliquit « '««^ >«»»*« »go» would have been dan* 

M Cfalmishumanx 1694, gerous even to /^/«*. In one of thefc 

'^^^'"\ statis fuse 56. Journals it is faid, that twenty fix fail 

Kelatire to Mr. Elijah Kenton, I of Britini Ihips appeared upon their 

liave further-to obferve, that Dr. John- coaft, and that they were landing troopa 

Ion, in the Ihort account which he has neat the diftria de MomchtcouL Such 

given of him in his ** Lives of the Po- fiUy reports are rather alarming to at 

cts," has inaccurately afferttd, that he Englifli fugitives. It proved to be only 

left Cambridge without taking a degree, a flc« ahd flight of their own people to 

Mr. FentoB was of Jefus College*, in ou' »fland of Jerfey. But the Arorigcft 

that Univcrfity, where he took the de- proof I can give yftu tff the change of 

greeof B.A. 17041 and that of M.A. Government and p9'wer in France, it 

at Trinity College''^, 1726. what has happened under my own eyea 

Yours, &c. T* F. lately, and my own concern. The 

_..«.» Mayor of- the city where I now refide 

Mr. Urban, ?arU, 'July 19. fummoned me to the Hotel dt Fitie, for 

I AM now a tTmniiirgr again in this ^^^^ ^ neither knew then, iberg, nox af* 

kingdom (my fourth cxcurfion), and, terwards I 1 wrote him a civil letter, de- 

it may be fuppofed, able to form, if not ^»"og to know whyl was detamed two 

to give my Englijb friends, fome idea of hows a prifoner, and then iieuhcr pu- 

a great kingdom boulvtrfi, as it cer- mflied, nor told who was my accufcr*; 

tainlyisi bur whether for the bcttec or intimating, that fuch condu6i favoured 

^orfe, the wifeft man living is as yet morcof an rirflft///#ritf/ thana/r#f king- 

unable to determine f. I can compare <*om. The Mayor not anfwering my 

it at prefent to nothing more like than letter, I defired a mihtary friend of 

Montg9lfin'$ haHMt; it is a great and rank, who knew him, to wait upon 

attoDifliing elevated fpeaacle, at which hire, and to retpitre an explanatioo. He 

ilrangers and natives look up, without ^^ «*o. The Mayor, in return, pleaded 

being able to determine to what height (««><* JufthTi I believe,) the multitude 

it will afcend, or where or when it will of bufinels upon his hands; and de* 

fettle. The ariftocratU party fay, M. glared, his intentions were to have 

BouUii will be here with 240,000 ftran- waited upon me m perfon, and explain- 

gers at foon as the harveft is ready for «* »«^ay h»» feemmg rudenefs. My 

reaping. The pairiou, 00 the contrary, weras miUteayfrtend returned fatbficdj 

hold all their menaces in utter contempt i but added, «* Had things been here astbey 

and certainly all the commonality, all were, I would have brought him by 

the ialdiers, and even the bQnrgeois of ^^c collar to have alked your pardon.- 

every city, arc friends to the prefent I »m g»a<l. however, that things are not 

ConHitution. At the inflant it was firft »« they werei I abhor all roiliury go- 

known that the King had been ftopped Tcmment, well knowing how ihamefuU 

on his way to M$Htmidi. I was on the ^7 " is occafionally exercifcd. P. T. 

roid, and paffed feveral littlfe villages ?•*• I^ yottlhould honour my tltird 

and miferable hamlets, in each of which ▼oluroe of Memoirs with any notice in 

* We wiih fome member of either Col- * The tharg$ was, throwing water out of 

lege would Eavour us with any particulars of my window ; that is a eriwu in France i but 

Mr. Fenton, or of Mr. Ruftat (vol. LX. p. ka^ing or mskitrg any dirt under a wndnuy is 

1064) ; for whom there is an epitaph at Je- punilhable only to eyes, nofes, and common 

fus College, with a portrait ; of either or both decency, for a£ts of that kind are now bc- 

of which we ihoulU be glad to receive a copy, come a fcience in France : and I am fore if 

f Another correfpondent iays, "it is clear- 1 was not right in what i faiJ fixteen years 

ly here a ih\iggle for a repoUick 1 and, if it ago, ihat it will Hand the tefl now, L e. that 

fciils, it will tend to the clofer muzsUng I had left my daughters in France to learn 

the tiger, who will bs but a namej tt pratt* tha language, and Co — - in public 

fta wibiL** ' your 



t y 9 1 . ] French Exfcuthns.^^Tbf Cultun «/ the Flm. 

your Rtvunv of Stw Bt^ks, I beg you 
will fiy, ihdi I €mU tn the anecdote 1 
have related of the late worth v and rc- 
fpcfliblc Mr. George ScKvyn*, at my 
friend Dr. W-— — alTurti roe it is to- 
tallv void of anv foundation. I could 
eafily conceive »hat a man, poffelfiog a 
tender heart (and I have long known 
Mr. SeUvyn did poiTclJ fuch a heart), 
night have the cunoAty xofit how bad' 
hetrUii roen n>ct the punitbmenis they 
merited. 1 have however, now, good 
authority to fay, that Mr. Selwyn wai 
never but at a (ingle execution in hit 
life; and that was at the dreadful, and 
1 hope mmique, execution of Dmmieus, 
1 was once induced to believe Lcouid 
bear to fee a n«)ioriout villatn broke 
alive upon the wheel, at it is erronc- 
wfly called f, at Otjom^ and, I am 
afliamed to add, that 1 hired a place for 
that pur pole i but TRUTrf will juftify 
my adding, that, before the f ttal blows 
were ftruck, I would have given all the 
money in my pocket to have made my 
efcape to MonimeUt, but ihatwas impof- 
fiMc ; for 1 did not titi tbtn know that 
the human niiod is too much engaged 
with the vifible obje£ks and dirtrclt of 
the mifcrablc criminal, to foriity his 
foul fufficiently to btar-up by tlje re- 
membrance of the bloody deeds the cri* 
minal bad prcvioufly inflidled upf>n o- 
thciSj bcfide, ihtre was the additional 
horror of feeing (what, 1 h«jpe, wiil ne- 
ver more be (een in this FREE COUN- 
TRY) the meibsr of the executionitr 
a'""t«vtly employed in alfiiling to throw 
toe emaciated i)Oi\ y, Jt*tr($ly deaJ^ »nto 
the Jiving flames ! !*• T» 

Mr. Urban, Baib, July i8. 

BEING on a vifu to Sir Gregory 
Page Turner, I had the plealurcof 
meeting there M Vilprc, an ingenious 
French gentleman, who has refidcd 
fome time in ihisi country; he pTefcnced 
me with a Treaiife on the Culture of 
the Vine, publi(hed by him a few years 
iiace; and, as there are (ome uleful 
obfcrvatious in it, 1 fend a few extra^s 
from different parts of the book for tlie 
eoteitainmeat of your readers. 

Yours, &c. J. Eldertow. 

^ See pp. Z9'>, 467* iioiT. 

f A cr ufs IS laid flat tpou the fcaffold, to 
which the ciiminars body is lalhed, aiul the 
wooil of the crols is cut away jult betieath 
tboTe pans where the blows are to be given. 
Such bodies as are not burnt are thencxpofed 
Qtt a wlieel in U>e highway. 

GfcMT. Mao. Augufit >79i« 



7OJ 

** It is well known that the NDrthem pro* 
vinces of France, Picardy, and Champaign, 
wa only proiluce good wine, hut that wliat is 
by number? eftcefnc*! the l»eft in the world 
grows in Champaign. Can a fmill difference 
in jSoint of diilance from the fun be confider- 
ed of fuch effeniial confrquence in the culii» 
vntions,as ahfoliitcly to pi event their culture? 
Sever.tl examp d pi ovc the contrary. Tii© 
mountainous parts of Franche ComtJ, cdled 
there La Montagne, alihoush above two de- 
grees Soutii of Kheims, the capital of Cham- 
paign, produce no wine ; in the vallies be- 
tween them, wheat can hardly ripen ; their 
whole harveft is in rye and oats. The vine- 
yards about Paris, which produce the pooreft 
w^ine drunk in that capital, are filujted h.tlf 
a cejrce South of thnt p;irt of Champaign in 
wli'ch the choiceft wines are m.ide. T!ip 
vineyards of fome paitsof Germ<<iiy, every 
one knows, arc furtl er North thm Cham- 
paign. The above ex >mples fcem f Jtttcicnt 
to prove, that a fitnation fo.Tie degrees North 
is no impediment to the ri|>eaing of grapes, 
ami making wine. Tlie Rev. Mr. Pcgge re- 
marks, that the climate of England, being 
in an iilaiu! free from large wood**, Ivis coii- 
fiderable adva«itai;c, in r fpe^ of warmth, 
over place^ of ihe fame l.stituJc on the Conti- 
nent ; in o>nf«vjucnce, it is very ptiifibie to 
obtain belter wine here, under tlie 5 il c'cgref 
of Northern latitude, than tliat matle in Ger- 
many under ihe 5 ill. No one will deny^ 
that m;tny plants and fruits are ^roujil.t to 
pcrfe^'t maturity in this country that arc na- 
. livvs of w.u incr chmafcs. I he pear h, which 
in tlic ti ne of G lien was thought t ) be t >r» 
tender even for Hie chm ite of Italy, nnw 
glows through every pait of this couutiy ; 
and, properK cultivated, arrive to great (xT- 
fedion. Th«; myrtle, hift mrroil ccd from 
Greece, flotirill^c^ iit Cortiu.iU, , cvonihuc, 
and the ifle of VVigUt, vmiI out inuv.h caic* 
The common potato-, wl.ich, ihou-.h ci-m- 
ijig, accorUing to CanipHtll, from Mck;^, is 
feen to ihdve in evtiy p»iit of ine l^irco 
kingdoms, tl ha*^ been geaeially admiitiJ as 
a fact, that, at fome j>eri(Hl, ttjcre weje in 
England a great manv vinevards, and th-t 
KainpHiire Wa« the nrlt place irt which vines 
had been plant etf ; muft hiltonans have men- 
itianed fpots called vinevards, which were 
fuppofed to luive prudiiCeil grapes. 

<< Chancellor Kacoo lays, that a vine m<ty 
be fruitful till it is fixty year^> old : Uie 
French never keep any plaiits m their vino- 
yards after tha: time, and often pulUhem out 
of tlie ground loonier. An old vine produces 
very little I its fruit ripens later; aaid, it ic 
be nnt properly primed, does not ripen it nc 
all, and is foon exhaufted by the mul^pltcil/ 
aiid length of its (hoots. 

" There is aii old vineyard, two miles dif- 
tant from Bath, at a piac^ called Vine Dowa, 
(part of Coombe Down), near Mr. Allen's 
<^uai'riefi: this vineyacd is furrouoded by a 

wall : 



^dS Famify of Bnchingcr.— Wett al Ekft MannmleSeld. [ Aoguft, 



wall : when it was pi ante J, and when U be- 
gan t«» be ncglc6ltd, 1 could not be informed. 
The cattle, ft)iul of leave?, prevented their 
ihooting lonj^. There arc nt>any towns and 
villages whtrc cuttings from the old planH 
have been propagated, have borne ^^ rapes, 
bear fomc ftill, and comnnonly ripen them 
veil There are even fome remaining in 
many ftreets of London: as mod pct)plc 
have feen iheni, there \% no need of menti- 
oning the boufes where ihcy s^ow. 

« Mr. Lawrence, Vicar of Hilvcrtot, in 
Korthampionfhire, in the Introduaiontohis 
•* Ganlcner's Calendar," publi(h«d in 1 7 1 Si 
fays, * 1 am th« roucLhly convinced howeafily 
good and ri|>e gr^;^s may be had in a vine- 
yard artfully chofco, and well guarded, from 
•what 1 faw the laft year (and that no very 
bvourable one) m the gaiden of ih;4t very in- 

fenions encourager of vcgetabl'i nature, Mr. 
lall, of Kcnfinglon, who, for a trial, planted 
a little (pot with vines in his garden. Three 
or four (hoots from every plant were fup- 
portcd with props ; and when 1 was there, 
in the beginning of November, \ (aw (omc 
very fairbunchcs of blue Froniignac tolerably 
ripe, managed according to art by Mr Brad- 
ley hinifelf : (ome of thefc, indeed, he told 
roe, were planted there by n^ftakc ; but I 
only infer from thciicc what excellent fruit 
wuft be had, and may ordinarily be cxpe^- 
cd, from the f^lack Cluftcrs and Mufcailines, 
that are fo eafily ripe/ The Hon. Mr. Clia. 
Hamilton made excellent .wine from his vine- 
yard at Pains-hill • ; though, according to hii 
obfervation, many places are better fituated, 
and many foils fitter for it. 

« The laft year, 1785, althdugh very un- 
favourable to vines in Hungary, was fo much 
be'tier in Englaml, that the grapes in the 
fmall vineyard at Chelfea were half ripened 
in the fecond week, of Auguftj after that 
time 1 iTid not fee them." 

Mr. Urban, Grawfemd, Jum 18. 

I WAS well pleafed to fee, in your 
Magazine for laft month, the fac-fi- 
mUe of the wonderful Matthew Buch- 
inger, born in Germany, without hands 



• « To my great amazement (fays Mr. 
Hamilton) my wine had a finer flavour than 
the beft Champaign ever ta(ted. It would 
be cndlefs to mention how many good judges 
of wine were dectivcd by my wine, and 
thought it foperior to any Champaign they 
had ever drunk ; even the Duke de Mirc- 
poix preferred it to any other wine. The 
fureft proof I can give of its excellence is, 
that 1 have fold it to wine-merchants for 50 
gumeas a hogfhead } andonewine-merchanr, 
to whom 1 fold 500 1. worth a' one time, af- 
fured me he fold fiwUe of the beft of it from 
7s. 6d. to 108. 6d. a bottle." Defcription of 
the Vineyard of Pain VhiU in Sir E. Barry's 
I'rntifc on Wines. 



or feet, Jonc 3. 1674; »nd it moft ba 
fome falisfa6^ion ff» Mr. B Shoit to be 
informed concerning bis poflerity. Mat- 
thew travelled thtou^h manv towns in 
this kingdom, where he left fptciiticnt 
of his furprifing talents in writing, f«- 
vc4al of whfch are now in his grand- 
children's hands ar Darcford, in Kent, 
equal, if not fuperior, to fome copper- 
pUles. Mntt'ievv had a fon nanncd 
John Adam Buchingcr, born at StraP- 
buri(h Elfafs, in Germany, Dec. 30, 
171 S» ^^^*^ m^rritd Ann Mav, of 
Graveftnd (a dcfcendant of John Mar, 
Mayor of that town in 1663 ♦), and 
fettled at Hertford, where he followed 
t\yt occupation of a brazier John died 
Nov. 8, 1781, aged 66 { and Ann, his 
wife, Feb. 7, 17^51, aged 71, leaving 
iffue one fon (Matthew), and thie# 
daughters, Frances, Ann, and M^ry. 
Macy married a Mr. Saxter, a furveyor, 
at Chcrtfey, in Surrey. 

Your correfpondent, p. 401, xvhb . 
wilhes to know about the parifli of 
Woolwich, and the Devil's Houfe, may 
gtt, I believe, fuficicnt informatmn 
from Hafted's «• Hiftory of Kent," and 
Dugdalc's " Hiftory of Embanking." 

Yours, i^c. F. G. S. S* 

■ I. I !■■■ 

Mr. Urban, ^P** 7"^ ^* 

UNacquainted as T am with the mea* 
furemcnt of the deepeft wells in 
this kinedom, I conje£>ure that, at 
length S)rtunately completed by the 
Rtv. Mr. Nottidge, at Eaft Hanning- 
field parfonage, near CheIm\ford, to 
be fufliciently extraordinary to mcnt 
your notice. It was begun June 21, 
1790; and water, when the workmen, 
from fuch tedious labour, were at the mo- 
ment of dcfpair, was found May 7»>79'- 
Thirty- ninethoufandfivehundredbricka 
were ufed, without cement/ in lininjg 
this well ; the foil of which, for the firft 
thirty feet, was a fine, light- brown, iin- 
perfefi marie: and though foflitifls may 
ingenioufly chiifc to dircrimiDatc the 
different/rtf/tf, yet, except from (hades* 
of a deeper colour and firmer texture, 
occafionally, but (lightly, mixed with a 
little fand and a few Ihtlls, the fanHa 
foil, to a common eye without ir^pre ma* 
terial variation, concinucd to four h\in* 



♦ By an original MS. in my polfeHion, 
John May, Mayor of Gi-avcfcnd, procured a 
bowling green, fitnate at the Weft end of 
Gravcfcnd (now a rope-walk.), for the only 
recreation of the Mayor, Jurats, and Conk- 
moivcoundl> of the afur^aid corponitioft. 

drcd 



ifgi*"] Sylvanus Urbano$ Joanni Miltono; — Siavi Tradt. yoy 

opus fcrium nc feverum do^^icujurdaniy 
fi Diis pUcet, Grammatiri fmenriendo. 
F;ici)ecnini ex epil\'>la tua incellie*) ne* 
mincm cfle i tcrif Oracis vcl 'evHiim^ 
iifibiitutn, qui mnnnrum illiid in luctm 
edere lanq t^im fcetum legitimum ferid 
coj^iravf rii. Qu ^d fi vcram agat fabu* 
latn Mv^o(, ^udoque Henfordlenn iovitE 
Mintrva prasficiatur, jure multo potior! 
quam pzd;igoeum illud Falcrienfem, 
dignum ciTc crediderim qui difcipulit 
fui^ mal^ mulcetur, idque tot vcrbcribuf 
quot menchk fciterc ipliut opus depren* 
fum fuerit. 

(^6 i au^em in delifii participem tafH 
leniter animadvcrtas^ id reru impend) 
mihi gratum feciAi. D fRteri cnitn ne« 
queo priora noftra in te merita (quorum 
te baud immemorcm efle indicio eft Lau^ 
deri in epifloli rui rceorda io) nova* huic 
injuria iniquiorem reddere merid tll« 
metucndu n. Hoc rimen ' mnind le per- 
fuafum velim, ingcnii culpi noi Budio 
obtre6landi, jann dtnud Iiudes tuas de« 
terete mihi fato quodam cnotigtiTe. Valet 

Dabaro L%ndtni^ it"^* Gi/. SexUlis. 



dred and fixty feet ; where it wa« con* 
fulfdated inco fi> rockv a Aibnance, as to 
require the U^ing broken through with 
the matrnck. A t^prer then, of three 
incbes diameter, and fifte'*n feet in 
leo«»h* wa5-tiied ; which foon, through 
a (oh foi^ flipped from the workn>an't 
hands, and fell up to the handle. Wa* 
tef ioftanrly appeared, and mfe within 
the firil hour one hundred and hfty feet; 
and, «ftcr a very gradual rife, now 
ftaads at three liundred and forty fevcn 
feet, extremely fofi and uclI-B.)vnured. 
This fource it fUppofed to fupply the 
ivdl at Battle's bridge, about fit miles 
farther, and lower than Hanningfieid, 
vhich it three hundred and thirtv-Hx 
fttt in depth, and the water overfiowt 
tW brim. At Btcknacre Priory, a mile 
aad half in defcent from Hanningheld^ is 
awcH (oearl V, through ncy;ictt» chocked 
■p) ooK four feet m depth. 

The price of labour at Hjnningficid 
well wat, on a diameter of 6ve feet 
three inchet, foui fliiilingt per foot for 
the firi\ fony feet, and one (hilling ad* 
fxoce at each fucccffive forty feet. 
Yours, &c. Philuoros. 



8YLVANUS URBANUS 
JOANSI MILTOSO. 

Terrain levioreta mitiit^Palinodiain iuam 
canit. 

LITERS tua, Miltone Ma«a^iT«» 
▼ehementer me folicitum habue- 
mot, qudd, inter curat meas 5c graves 
& multiplices, infcientem, (ne vincta 
mea feveri^ c£dam,) facinus indignum 
adroifi^Tc argucrint« Habes utiquc con- 
fitentcm reum, me non nifi lOis perle£lit 
(coBfle immanem MufH fine impuden« 
tiam fine ignoraatiam, qui & tetam'in- 
bnmao^ laceraverh, &: facilitate noAri 
lam petulaoter abufus fuerit. Atque 
kocquidcro aegrius fero, ne rabicm & 
Umbos T«vJ<i*n*#l»f«t crimioofos jam 
sterum piovocaCe videar, qui farragi- 
aem libclti noftri imprudent tarn fcedi 
adolteraverim. Libenter faoi, ut tu 
coofulit, au£^orem hujus itfamic remit- 
tercm ad celeberrimi Davifii cxemplum 
fimul & flagetlum, quo ne ip(i Orbilio 
cefitfle perhibetur. Sed q«jit hominem 
ifittin datum atque callofum vel Mar- 
fy« fato fperarerit deterreri ? Prjcfer- 
tim cam rufpicio haud levit mihi la 
tteatem inraGt, ne fccledus aliquit ca*> 
chiaaogloriolasnoftrs invidut, rilumque 
quo jure quaque injuria captant, fu* 
cum irabit fatere infiuuf rit, /mta^omm 
ifiaa odMfam tcmeic cou^^am, quad 



Mr. Urban, Jutie lo. 

IN ££ D not aim at converting your 
favourable reception of fomc fevr 
triflet of my own, under different tigna* 
tures, into an argument for your inlert* 
ing the following letter. The importance 
of the fubjefty and the ability with which 
the refpefiable writer has treated it, will, 
I dare fay, gain it an early place in your 
ufcful and agreeable Mifcetlany. To 
render it admiflible in point of fize, and 
to make room for a few extract from 
the dyidence delivered before the LcgiP* 
lature JSufe the piece wat writteo, I 
have ventured to obliterate fuch para- 
graphs at I thought could be (pared 
with the lio/l injury to the fenie and 
connexion— a liberty which will account 
for feveral abrupt tranfitioos obfervable 
in the piece, at it now ftands ; but fer 
which, it is. hoped, the rcafbna ju(( 
givca will apologize. 

Leo Africanus. 

J LiiUr om ibt Slave Trade from 
tht Homiurmblg Mr, C. iMttfy Mtmbtr 
§f Pariiament for tbt County of Derby, 
to tbi RiV. Dr. B. 0/ Grofveaor* 
ftieet. 

»-— Ceitx dont il s'ngit font noirs depuis let 
piedf jufqu'i l.t tite, Sc ilt ont le net fi ^• 
erase, qu'il eft impoflible de les pbimfre-^ 
II eft impoftiWe dc fuppofer qtic ces gens 
la foient des Hommcs, parceqoe fi nous 

* las (uppoAuQS des Hoaiints, on commoi* 

ceroieitf 



^o8 LtltiT on ihi Shvi Trade^ proni Mr. C. U Dr. B. [ Auguft^ 



ceroient \ crnire atw sous no fnmines par 
Chr^icns — MoNTiiQjtJifcU, Lfprit ties 
Loix, Uv. XV. ch. 5. 
tt Thefe people are all over black, and have 
iuch flat nofesy that they ought not to be 
pitied. — It is im|H>flihle to fuppofe that 
thcfe creatures are men % for fuch a fup- 
pofition would lend to the belief that we 
are not ChrilliaiV 

Sir, 
YOUR excellent Eflay^, for which 
mccept my befl thinks, has afforded me 
ill the faiisfaflion that the able fuppoit 
of a virtuous cault is ciipable of siff'i)rd- 
ing{ you have made forcible ufc of 
thofe facrcd arms it fo particularly be» 
came you to efT>pl y : may their vifiory 
be compleat ! The ohje6l of your Soci- 
ety has not a more ardent wtlUwilher 
th^n myf* f ♦ nor can »nv body hold in 
deeper deieilarion a traffick» which hat 
fo long been rhe (course of Africa, and 
the difgract of £urope. 

The rpeech of Mr. Neckcr it full 
of btcevolence; and in it very ho- 
nourable mertton is made of our pro- 
ceedings— •* The time may come," fays 
he* •* when, aifoctatiiig in your Coun- 
cils (be Deputies from the Colonirt, 
you will cad an eye of ferious ind hu- 
mane regard upon an unhappy people, 
■who have too long remained the unno- 
ticed vifiims of an inhuman comnnerce; 
upon beingt endowed like ouifelvct 
with the gjfc of thought, and w ho, a- 
bove ally relemble us m the melancholy 
faculty of feeling misfortune ; upon 
men wh^m, with deaf ears and callous 
heait«, we prcfs and heap upon (»nc 
Another in the foul holds of our veflels, 
and fend with fwclhng lails toward; the 
chains which awa.t them. Already has 
m diftinguifhed nation unfurled the ban- 
scr of a rage and enlightcmcd con paf- 
fion i the caule of humanity has found 
its advocates m commercial mtereit and 
political calcuUtion : a caufe fo fublime 
ind imptrioui cannot fail of command- 
ing general at ent'on, and muO, ere 
long, appear at the bar of public juflice 
in every ChnOian country. '* 

The fraS.Ci is tutjyfl^ crutl^ anli dif- 



Ettgland njo$uld not ht nv^Pti tniffmy^ 
though /he /hould hattt tbt mokoU nu9rld 
fyr her aciomplUt, 

If I do not Venture to examine the 
political and commercial tendencies of 
my fubje£^, that is an nmtliion which, 
between ouifelvt^, will not require a- 
pologv ; for, though 6riTily of opinion 
that neither one no, the other is again^ 
me, wt are well agreed, that *' no 
worldly policy, no confide ration of 
commerce, no influx of wealthy to indi* 
vidua's or to the nation," are here ar* 
guments of any avail f. 

It IS a melancholy and painful re* 
flexion, that the wanrs and defires of 
men, whtch necellatily multiply with, 
their civiliziition and improvement, 
(hould kind.e and dcvelope in the hu* 
man bofom a piffion which may rival 
in its t^e£ls all tiie exceffes which the 
ferocity ol fava^e nature can exhibit; 
that paffion is the thn'fl of wealth. Urg* 
ed bv this in\puH(,. has the favuurcdl 
Europcr^n (b ignobly u(ed his luperior 
refources, and fo fuifuliy perverted the 
bounties of Providence, a& 10 have made 
himielf the (courge and the peft of thofe 
very people, for whom Heaven had or* 
dained him to be. the Mellenger of 
Truth, and the Mmiftcr of c<»mfort. 
This enlightened quntrer of the globe 
has become a liar of malignant influ- 
ence for thofe oblcurer ic. tons, upoa 
which it might have n flexed the kind-, 
lieft rap! Hence A^ican opprcfTion— 
hence Peruvian m^^lTjcie— hence Colo* 
nial feitcrs— hence the rife and the pro- 
grcis of that ^namttus tiafiick in quef- 
tion« which may be regaided a$ com- 
pleatinji the chain oj iniquity, as forming 
the fupp i-mtntai pa^e to that great hil- 
lory ot Eu^Of>ean iniufltce, tractd in 
bloody and ttdtHblt €hm*a^ttrs^ uf'On thg 
neiviy'di/covtrtd /oii oJ tbt tf^^trn hi* 
miff^htre. 

The pretext of cdnvcrfion, fo impi* 
oufly, and, alas I iuccelslutly, made 
ufe of at tfic ourfct, certainlv will not 
be amongO thole wh*ch the moJern tra- 
ders, or their apologias, emplov. The 
obftru£kions and oppctfit on which the 



hoMOurahie, and the yifis Mnd tht/hame of progrefs of religion meets with in the 

* Uii tl»c lujultice of the Slave fiade, and the ^iifcqu ni Ncccllity of aboliftiuig it. 

f «* Before ihc laft war, the French fugais wei^ ful.t by the FUii.icrs from i? to 30 ^ 
rrw. cheaper than the Bntith tug.us could be pui chafed in onr iflaiuls." Yet ** the aiouey 
expcoited upon Wcfl-li dia tltaics is lo general far from y ckl.ns a pr fitablc return. Tie 
Agent (or Jamaica lla ed, before the iiivy Council, that the Planters th re do not make 
more than four^ *<«'. on their capital." Evtdaice of Mr. Irving, fnfpcctor- general. Sec. 
Minutes of Evidence, vol. IV. attiic end. Mr. Long anfigns ^the purchafe of new Negroes 
as the true fource of the Uiilrcii ai^d debt uttdcr wtuon tue Planters laboor/* Hiftory of 
Jamaica, yol.U, p. 437* 

Colonies 



1791.] Letter en thi Slave TraJe^ /rem Mr. C. t9 Dr. B. jeyf 

Colonies are too well known ; and receiver of the flolen goods"— >(an<l 

hence ywe have obtained the farcadic what gfiods !)-<— If he be nor himfcif th^ 

comptimcnt, thar our confciences are pirate, he i& the caufe of piratical out* 

too delica^cVv framed tof pirmir us to raj^e. If he appear not at t!ie head o£ 

enflave a CJfr:JHait brother I Wretched thofe buccaneering ezpcditiuns; if he' 

fubrerfufcic f Unpardorabie condu£^, if does not command in perfon thofe gal« 

the fcprojch bt founded f I con^eCs, I ^ lane fleets, which cruise in the Africaa 

have read few of the publ cations that fivers for the purpofc of infcflini; and 

have appeared, and );rievc to think any fcouring the coaOr>, fairly may they be 

fliould, in defence of the Slave Trade i regarded as fitted out in his («ivice, and 

it IS only diHrcHing to fee human wi^ as kept in hi^ pay.* 

ftruggling with the inMate fentimenr of Oi could we liippofe (what would to 

ri^ht and wion^, implanted in every Heaven uerereaity !). that England had 

man'i bo(om, and ^vhich, if he examine never dipped her hand% in thefc tranf- 

deep enough, will never elude his a£lions, let their defenders candidly and 

fearch . it is only dinitdirg to Tte, that ingtnuuully declare, what fentenco 

habit, or intereO, ot thtit cumb ncd in- would have been pnlled upon the Por«« 

flucnce, {hould be capable, n> t alone of tuguefe, or the Spiniardit, or any other 

fpoiling the hcait, but of nnfleading the pcop'e concerned in them*.* 

judgemeni. Js there any '>nc of thefe Where then is the man, whofe heart 

apoio^ilts who, if he read of piracy hav- is pure, and wholie reafoo is fice, who 

in^ been bith legal and honourable in h^h drank at no poifonous fourcc, oof 

ant tent G eece, does not feci both his tailed of any infane root, the liberal^ 

rcafon and f'entimciit rtvo't ai^alnO fuch humane, and generous Briroiy, who 

a nionflrous inlUtution ? Yet Greece, if does not deprecate with anguifh and in* 

a civilized, was fl II a Pat'an, country, dignatiun the day that tirft faw his de^ 

Is there any of them that will undeitake generate countrymen yield to fordid 

to vindicate the modcn depredations of temptation, and bear their part in thift 

Al^1crs and Tunis } It is to be piefum- cruel perfecution of their fptcies— thac 

ed not : neve thelefs, every (bund and faw them approach the pcMCtful Ihoiea 

imp'rcial muid, every eye unobfcured of Africa, Biie4 with the bafe and dire 

by the vapour^ of prejudice, or undaz- intent of kidnapping and carrying off 

tied by the glare of glittering obje£ls, the unfufpefling native — that law chen. 

wi I fee a family refcmblance, (Wrongly dividing ft lends, and dtlmembering fa^ 

pronounced, between thefe crying enor* milits, fetting tire to vill iges, and feu* 

xnitics and thote we arc cjuietly perpe> ing upon the fugitive inhabiuncs— that 

tratng under the milder denomination faw them defcend, whild yet we had no 

of trade. If it (hould difcern certain plaittations of our own, to become the 

features ot dilparity, they are fuch as agents and the go- betweens of ^aver/ 

Will fcarcely tell in our favour; it may and opprelfum ? Monftrous and unna* 

remark^ that the Moorifb robber, in tural cccupation for the fons of Free* 

attacking the I'berties of others, expofes, dom ! Can ti.e man, whofe b'ofum glowa 

at the' fame time, his own to nfk. In with the honeO pride of a Biiton, ever 

contraOmg the injuflce of a barbarous read of ^n i^ffitnto contract, ant^ not 

Mahometan wicti thofe of a poliihcd, btuih to fee his countrymen ftipulating 

and, we tnuft add, a Chnft>an peupie, themonopolyof forging chaink for men f 

it may difcovcr in the latter a niore in- To commerce we owe our giory, let ua 

gcnious and refined, a moe blent and refpe6k and honour the name { but a 

Iccjrc mode, noi a leji mijcbuajou$ or trufitk in hum ah blood profanes that 

iff t dual ofiff of tnj ringing tbe fights of nami\ it is a libel upon tie cbaraQer of 

mankind If the Eu.ojpean hri chant Commtrce, and a blot in that of every 

be not always the otieunbie roitbcr^ he nation by *u;bicb it is ex&rajtd, 

inlitgates and encourages the theft ^ he It is aflfcrted, that the peifons whom 

plundeis bv pruxv ^ Ua(i ; and <^ i« the the traders purchafe are chiefly con vi£ls, 

» I hat fomc of our Ci>luuilh, whatever they may pretend, liave I'cruplcs of coiitcience 
abtwt the .^lavc Trade, appears fi^om Mr. H. Rofi*s evidence : *• About 17 years ago, in a 
locitty foroied of the hrft characters of Kmglton, on debatuig the fulbwing queflion (pro* 
pufed, he think.>, by the btc Mr. T.Hibbcrt, who had beoa 40 or, 50 years the moft enii« 
nent Guinea factor there), * Wbethei the Slave Trade was confident with found pohcy, tite 
bws oi Nature, and morality ?' after feveral meetings, it was determined by a majority, 
Uiat it was ■« confiiUiic with (bund pohcy, ibe laws of NatiU'Ci or moraluy*" Miouies of 
Evidence, vol* lY. p. 262* 

or 



yta LeHer an the Shvi TraJi^ from Mr. C to Dr. B. [Augoft^ 



0r priibtiers ma<fe in h;ittle, who, with- 
out remorfe or diftinflton, Xvould hav« 
Mte« a prey to the revenge of the con* 
^ueror^ or, perhaps^ have been tmmo- 
6ted at the ftirine of Superflirion ; and 
fhttt the redemption of thefe devoted 
lires b repfcfemed as an a^ pf buroa- 
»itv. 

A pn£)ke fo unprecedented, at that 
#f a gtntral am) indifcrimtnate maifacfe 
efcapfitts, is certainly difficult tocie* 
4k.' This, however, is a point we will 
IMK Kcre difcufst neither is it my with 
to pry into the " fecretsfof the prifon- 
kotffe,** aad inveftigare the lodging hu« 
ai4imy hat prepared for them^ to de* 
Icend amidn the vapours of the floating 
liirDgeon, and enquire hovv many perilh 
there by feveier desirht than might have 
iome from the vifkor^s arm, oi the knife 
•f lacrtficc. 

But it is impoffible Bot to afic thefe 
l^nerous and merciful deliverers of the 
devoted captive^ upon what ground 
they impofe his chains after his ranfom? 
Was it oecciTary to his protection and 
kis welfare that he (hou'd be tranfported 
into a diAant clime, there to lofe the 
tights of a man and ciiiten } Where* 
fore is he bought from death merely to 
l>e fold into (livery } If Humanity had 
any part in the purcha%, what is her 
Aare in the fale ? has (he meditated up* 
t»n future events, ahd \i flie content 
'With her refearch } Or how is it juft, 
bow is it rational, that a lucklefs, 
though perhaps gallani, combatant in 
defence of life and liberty, (bould be 
confounded in the fame crowd, and 
configncti river to one common and tg* 
iiominious deftiny, with the matefa^or, 
whom the like chaiitable motives have 
made his companion } 

What ^ught' to be the (ite and com- 
plexion of that offence, whofe commut- 
ed and mitigated puniihment is perpe- 
'tual elite, incelfdnt toil, unlimited I'er- 
^itode, involving the family and pofle- 
rity of the delinquent ? Far be it from 
ine to determtnc-^it is the tafk of thofe 
who iAfli£^ it :— but, if it be feriouflv 
propofed to qualify any part of this traf- 
"fick, upon the ground of- its affe£)ing 
•perfons whofe liberties are juftly foifeit* 
cd by their crimes, it is natural to aik, 
and will not their own bofom put the 



queAioi», whether they who, in fad, are 
' charging therofelves with the punifli* 
ment, are well aflured of the cxidence 
of the guilt } Is their deftiny conliftcDt 
with any principlej)r rule of juftice r la 
it not utterly vague and undctermiaed ? 
abandoned to chance, caprice, and paf- 
fioo ? Much alfo do I fear, that rhit 
Aoic fyftem of legiflation which the Eu- 
ropean merchant has introduced in A* 
/rica ; this fyftem which, in fixing ona 
common doom for all, or at lead one 
comnaun fentence, has equalized every 
fpccies of guilt : much do I fear, aod 
flircwdly dot 1 fufpcCI, that it h^s great* 
)y fwelled the catalogue of (ins, and 
multiplied, in a fenfe eafy to divine, 
the number of offenders ; for, indeed, 
it would be thinkmg moft darkly of our 
fpecies, to conceive a foil fo fertile in 
iniquity, and to put faith in fuch a rich 
and unfailing fund of guilr, as is oecef* 
farily implied in the pretext we are exa* 
mining. 

There is, it is true, a fpecies of guilt 
of grained dye, of unequivocal and uni« 
verfal defcription, from which it is im» 
poHible to abfolve or wji(h the Negro s 
the guilt fo well defined by the fevere* 
ly-ironical Montefquieu, of a flat nofc 
and a black complexion : ijenefieim. mtm^ 
h4ic fmnt. Had it, however, been th* 
mode to }udge of men by their internal 
qualities rather than exterior appear* 
ance, the Negroes might ha«e been en* 
titled to more refpecl, and have met 
with better treatment. Various authors 
bear teftimony to their native gentlcnc(s 
of manners, and benignity of difpoli* . 
tioR I to their good-nature and hofpita* 
lity— hofpitatity fo cruelly requited 1 If 
my memory does not fail me, one of the 
rooft profound and accurate obfervers of 
nature which this or any age has pro- 
duced, in fpeaking of the inbabitantf 
of Guinea, expreifcs himfelf tothe fol* 
lowing effe£i : 

** If they difcover no extraordinary quick* 
nefs of parts, they exliihit at lead a fund of 
feufibiUty ; tender and affectionate \ they 
love their families, friends, and countrymen : 
charitable and humane, they relieve indi- 
gence unfolicited, and diiWefs is fure to ob« 
tain ttieir fuccour ; in a word, their hearts 
are excellent, and contain the feeds of all the 
virtues ♦/* 



• Cajft. Wilfon, of the navy, having lUted to the ^eieCi Committee fome inllaiKes of 
Afridin hofpitr.lity, (ays, <' he (houUl not have mentioned this circumftance, but lirxi he has 
Maiely heard and read much of their nnfeeltn; difpofuion : but firom his own knowledge and 
experience he does afTert, thattlKy are open to, and fufceptible uf, the (ioef\ feelings uf ha- 
imn^sAture-'to all the Dobie iaipuifes of gralitude.and afic^lioiu" Mmutes of Evideooe^ 
voL ill. p. 10. 

1 . iwiu 



I79«-] Let^tr on the Slave Tradi^/rm Mr, C. i9 Dr. B, ^f t 

I will not add t fy liable to this ea* in the darmg adoptioa of every pita ojF 

logv. Let me only obfcrvc, that M. iniquity*? 

BuiTon lavifhlT accords thofe qualiticfy And could we diveft it of all itsnc* 

for whofe dtfe£l, neither brilliant ta* ceflary and concomitant horrors, ic 

lentf ndr trmnfcendant fenius can com- wouhd ()ill reinain an obje6l of deformi* 

penfate; and he lifts thefc injured and tf and averlion. There it no poifib^e 

infuited beings to a fublime height point of view in which the purchaie a«id 

above the level of irrational creation, to fale of a fellow creature can be either 

which ignorance and audacity have in licit or rational ; • trafiick, m whtch 

main attempted to reduce them. man is both the merchant and merchant 

Buty if the above be faithful pi6^ures dize, does not more wound and difguft 

•f the genuine chara£^cr and manners the feelings of humanity, than it is re* 

of the Negroes; tf, at the »ra when pUgnant to the di61atet of oommos^ 

this trade hrft commenced, they were fenfe. 

wholly a paftoral and pacific people, Imprefled with thefe fentimtnts, and 

paffing their golden hours in carelefs harbouring fuch opinions, I cannot but 

safe, ihd focial comfort, under the hare teen with infinite fatisfaClion that 

(bade of their pilm*f>roves: ifdifcord the Society reje^s all palliative mca- ' 

and war were unknown amongf) them; fures, and will only.content itletf with 

whence their inreftine broils, whence abfolute Abolition. Remedial a6ls are 

their age of iron? Too obvions the re- fe dom good ones; in the preJent in* 

ply— They owe them to its own baneful fiance, how fmall a part of the evil could 

lajlluence, to the feditious manceuvres thev embrace ! 

of its jocendiary emifTaries : •* ho< Jowte The mind of man, like the foil he 

dtrroaia ciatiis,*' This is the fource of inhabits, has need of culture. Various 

evil; this is the devouring monger, caufes may concur to accelenite of to 

more fierce and infidiou* than thofe retard improvement; and thofe arriv^ 

which bowl and hifs in their owd de- at the fummit have no right to IooIl 

farts ; that has depopulated the coafts, down with contempt upon thofe be« 

and IS gone for prey into the heart of neath ; it is glorious to (Iretch the arm 

the country; a monfler, which "makes of affif^Ance, and help them up the 

the meat it feeds on," and fattens upon afccnt : but to hnk the low Hill lower* 

the mifchief ic has created: for how is it and thence infer their incapacity to rife, 

poflibleto conceive that a trade, againft that, indeed, is adding infult to Injury, 

the fuecefs of which its miferable objc6^s and is no lefs unrcalbnable than unjttft, 

muft be fo deeply interefted (and till it Def\ined to brutal degradation and . 

ftall be proved that the vidim hugs his groveling obedience, (hall we' debar 

chain, aod quits his native ihore with- o^tr modern Helots from every fpecics 

out tears and lamentation, and every of inilruflion which might iievate thetr 

citerior mark of heartfelt terror and de- fentimcnis, or enlighten their undcr- 

fpair, I am warranted fo to argue), (landings, and then attribute to the fault 

how, I fay, is it pofllible thac fuch a of their heads and hearts what is alone 

ttadeihould cxiA but upon its own dia- imputable to our own ungenerous po* 

holical inventions? How ihould it pro- licy ? 

fper but in wiles and violence -, in cor- To the light of revelation we arc in* 

tupcing virtue, and kindling palFion ; dcbted for a verity, never proclaimed 

in. exciting and fomenting difcord, indi- by the voice of oracles, nor taught uu* 

Kiting and imputing guilt; in (Irata- der the portico, nor in the acadeotic 

gems, xmbuiby andfurprize; in the io* grove. That verity is the equal origia 

doftriouft exerdfe of every infernal art, of all mankind ; and the heterogeneous 

♦ This defcription is perfedlly agreeable to the evidence. ** Tliat the Sbve Trade (lo ufe 
the words of Mr. Fox in his bte admii-able fpeech on it) is a fyflem of rapine, robbery, and 
nurder, has now been nnoft clearly proved." Among a vaif number of iniUuces winch 

wight be adduced from the evidences of Capt. Wilfon, of the navy, Dalr> mple, of the 

irmyt Capt. J. S. Hall, Dr. TroUer, Mr. EUifon, and others, we (hall only mentiuii one 
circunnAance, (laced to the Committee by M;ijor-gencral Rooke, M. P. tliat, ♦* from the 
ftiendly intercotufe there was between the King of Darnel anU him, from loo to i $o of (lie 
^nhabitaatSy men, women, and children, came over to the garrifon of Goree, urider Ins 
command. It was then propofed to hinrit by tliree £nsli(h Slave-captains^ tu fend them on 
^^v^ the (hips as SUves-— a propolitioo which be rejed^ed with hoiixir.'* Mini^c^ of Evi- 
dtoci^ VOL 111 p. 46, Cif /<|. 

diflinulioQ 



711 Lftter OH tbi SlaVi Trade'^ from Mr. C to Dr. B. [Augtift, 



difiin^ion of mafler and (lave is utterly 
incompatible with rhofe equRi lightt, 
and frarernal ties, which it iiicladcs.— 
There it,bt.(idrs, a maxicn in thcChrif^ian 
code, wKhout nanfgfeiliog which it is 
imp^inbk.thHt an Eogitmitian (houid 
make or keep a flave. He cannot ad 
by others as he defiret to be a6ied by, if 
)^€ takes from them, or withholds fiom 
them, that pofleflion of which he is fo 
jealouily fond, is fo nobly tenacious. 

Let tne minds of this degiadtd peo- 
ple be prepared for the reception of (he 
blefling tn Aorc for them, by the imme- 
diate inculcation of moral and Chrifiian 
knowledge % grant them, what they 
bave been hitherto deprived of, a civil 
txiftrnce. We h^e a law peculiar to 
ouifeivcSf and which does honour to 
our hum;inity, which takes the very 
brutes under protc£lion, and fets a fine 
upon their inhuman treatment. But 
'ihall we meafure the fufTcrmgs, nay the 
inurder, of our fcitow-crtatures, by the 
iame fcale ? This is an abufe that calls 
for inftant redrtfs. S/rvm i^om$ eft. — 
Let us remember thty are mcn^ whi'ft 
it may be ncctlTary thry Ihould continue 
Haves ; whtn thty ccale to be fuch, 
they will not for^.ti our attention. In 
ancient Rome, the flavcs found refuge 
from rlie cruelty of ihtir matters at the. 
feet of the ftatue of the- Emperor; un* 
der the (hitld of la.w, ai.d the wing of 
julUce, let ours find protedlion from 
wanton infult, from mcrtiteis cxa^ion, 
from the wired lalh of an unfcciingtalk- 
xnalter*. Thus r.ting Hep by Itep, they 
trill fuftain tlieir height without i;iddi> 
Dels: thus gradually acquiring a fober 
fenfe and rational conlciuufncrs (if the 
dignity of their nature, they will be 



prr»perly qualified to obtain, and to en- 
joy, the r ghts which belong to it, at 
fu(h epochs, and according to the pldna* 
which the wifdom and humanity of chc 
Lc^iiliture (hall fettle and adopt* 

And then ra'iy native chara^cr re* 
vive I then m^v thofe eOimab e quail* 
ties which hiOorians and naturaliOa ac- 
cord, and which calamity and debafe- 
ment had excluded, relume their empire 
in the heait I Then will the amiable 
affc£(ions fucceed to the daik and daii«» 
gerous paffions-; to the gloom of de« 
i'pair. totlie fullen refer ve of vengeance^ 
the fmilcs of content, and the eflfufioos 
of gratitude ; mutual confidence will 
take place of mutual miOrud and ap- 
prehenfion. Then m^iy a race of men, 
who form fo great a majorirv of the in- 
habitants, become iniereltedin the pro- 
teflion and piofperity of countries, of 
which they are at prefent an objc£l of 
conOant alarm. The fame courage 
which has often made revolt formida- 
ble, will render alfiftancc precious* 
Thefe are no vifionary profpe^is. Dar* 
ing the late war, Tome of the French 
Ifl.mds were indebted to the Free Ne- 
groes for that protection ro %vhich their 
Wiiiie Militia was inadequate. On the 
other hand, let it be remembered, that, 
in the preceding war, the South Caro- 
linians were prevented from employing 
their dome(\ic force againft the (ur- 
rounding ravages and encroachments of 
the enemy, merely through the fear of 
their own (laves. Thus a means of de- 
fence became the impetiiment to all de- 
fence, a double caule of danger and era- 
barra(rments. — Then too will appear^ 
agreeably to reafo^, and in conformity 
with all paft expetience, the advantages 



♦ It is impoiTiWc to del'cribc accurnlely the fuffcrings and tortures cnJuced by the Weft 
Indian Haves, as they i)e|)end entirely on t\\c ca|\iicious cruelty of ilieir owners and over- 
feers : hut ue ni;iy fafely enumerate, //»« the tvittencty want of footi, cloaths, an^ re(^» 
excedive toil, cart-whips, cow flcns, dnngeoos, Aucks, chains, fetters, |HK-hook5, iroa 
boots, thnmb-fcrewf, picqiiets, hot irons, flaming feahng>wax, cutting ortfeare and limbs, 
banging, burning alive, anJ murders in feveral otiier ways — without mentioning the horri- 
ble turtures infiid\ed judicially on (laves who commit c:ipital offences againd VVhites-^As 
a fpeamen of our colonial laws, we m^y cite the iStli clau:e of that which was palltd in 
the Bahamas in 1784, which ordains, Tliat, '' if any (la^-e ihaU abfent him or herfelf fioai 
his or Iter owner for three months fiicceilively, fucli Have ihall be deemed .>n out*LiW| 
and, AS an cncoungcment to appreliend and bring to jurtice fuch runaways, any fetfbH *r 
ferUm wbt /hali apprrb^nd any jucb ruftaw^tyt, <ubfr ALIVE O' V>ZW^ Jh.itl be p^id^ ont 
%f tht PuMic Treajit'yf notnty pokfidt for cvcry flavc fo apprchchilcd." Piivy Council's 
Report, Part III. 

In the B.nbadocs Gazette of Jan. 14, i^?4» we find tliis adveitifemcnt : " AbfenteJhcr- 
feJf from the fcrvicc of the fublcrit>cr, ayellow»lkin Negro wtmch, named S.u ah Dcioral.'* 
i^fter a particular dcfcription of herperfon, and fuppofed concealfncnc, the aJ . ertifcmenC 
cn.fs witi) thefe wonts: " f'fbotrHr wdl apftebcnd tbs/4:d -wencb, ALIVE or Dt\D,Jbitii 
rtcsivf iVfa mtidortt reward, from JosepH-CHAkLts Howard, 

Roe Buck, Bridguovtu, Di.c. 17." 



lygi.J Litter on the Slave TraeU, from Mr. C, to Dr. B. 713 

of willing iaboor oi^r that which it There it a difine law, unwritten up- 
forced ick! compuKive. Theo» to fum on parchments, but graven deep in the 
Qp ail io one word, it will be feeo how heait of man by the hand that fr<<med 
iDuch/r/Mi#« are in every fenft, and in him, which, prior and paramount to 
all refpeds, more afefu!* valuable, and every a£l of royal and fenatorial autho- 
worthv membert of fociety, xh^njlaves, rity, no human difpenfations can fuf- 
Xowards the middie oJF the Aueeoth pend or aflfefl: Huie Ugg non abro^ari 
ceotury this accurfed traffick began. In jus ejl^ nequt in bdc altquid dtrogari pom 
the interval of time, Africa hat been tefl — fit£ p*r StnatHm aut per Populum 
rot}bcd of (ixty millions of inhabitaott. bdc lege falvi pojUumui, 
Calculation might be loft, in purfuing If the faith of Parliament were re- 
it as a caufe of depopulation through all 7 committed upon this occafion, we 
the vad maze of all its baneful con(t- will venture to affert, that it would be 
qucnces and efi*e£ts. Could we only infinitely "more honoured in the breach 
compute the numbers which it hat a£lu- than the obfcrvance." Prior rights are 
■Ity and vifibly fwept from the face of in quefiion 1 fuperior claims icterfere 5 
the earth, the account would ftartlc and they demand, they command, the abo- 
coofound us. Have hurricanet and lition of a traffick in which all right it 
earthquakes, have peftilence and fa- annihilated, and the mod facred claims 
mine, produced fuch a bill of mortality? are defpifed; a trafHck, which dircftly 
Were the ellimate, (I fpcak only of our militates againft the fpirit of our Con- 
own, and Ihudder to think how princi- ftitution ;againQ every moral, and every 
pal a ihare») were the mournful efti* ChriUian virtue i againll every amiable 
mate laid before the eyet^ of Parlia* adie6liun, and generout fentiment, which 
ment ! Juftitiam quam eognovU Afia can adorn or dignify the human mind* 

gxperiattir Africa. Doubtleft, her in- — — , 

turies cry at lead as loud. Unacquaint- Mr. Urban, London, Aug, 14. 

ed with Eaftem pomp and luxury, little HPHB acceflion of fortune, the rife of 

curious of the gold which Nature has -L families, and the decline of them* 

placed beneath their feet, her (impler are fuhjedis worthy the pen of a well* 

children tremble for the privation of informed Hiftorian. By fuch iludies, 

trcafures more precious than gold, or the and fuch contemplative biography, libc- 

gems of K>elhi,— liberty, home, family, rally condu£^ed, we may inftru£i jrouili, 

and friends. Thefe are the property and delight advanced age; and, while wc 

vhofe violation they complain of; fuch urge on the cautiout and the indolent, by 

is the wealth, and fuch are the jaghiret, a laudable xeal, for tfts of ambition aad 

of which they claim the undifturbcd virtue, we check the warm and the ira- 

pofleffion 5 and thefe what multitudes pctuous from wild chimerical projcfts of 

have already exchanged for toil and fa- romance. That men of fcicnce, of for- 

tigue, for ft ri pet and chaint ; for a la- tune, and of genius, Ihould fo often end 

cerated body, and a bleeding mind j for their lives in mifery, and wear out their 

all that fevere complication of phyfical vital thread in the precinas of a prifon, 

and moral fuffering, which hat brought is a fad, but too common, cafc} for, 

them to a deplorable and untimely end, fayt a celebrated author, in his admired 

o(cea accelerated, horrid to relate, hy Life of Savage, «' Volumes-have been 

the band of fuicide I written only to enumerate the miferies of 

Coqld, alas! the perfont concerned the Learned, and relate their unhappy 

be roufed to a fenfe of ferious reflexion 1 lives, and untimely deaths." 

could they open their eyct upon the in- The Lovers of Antiquity will not be 

famy of their profellion, and Ihut their forry to know, that, by accidentally 

ears upon the fophifmt of an artificial meeting with an au6lioneer*s hand-bill, 

confcience I couM they ert:dic^te from on the fourth and lad day's fale of a 

their mindt every illiberal prejudice and tradefman's effects in the Strand, where the 

fordid principle, and be feniible— late Francis Brcrewood, Cfq. had lodged 

^ , , , , M .u • .u^ near fifteen years ago, and, from narrow 

Hew much »t would 'vail them, m then- ^i,,„„ft^„ees, bad left h.t property be- 

To ^\ht lore of human race I ^^"^^T* "^^^ ^'''""^' tf/l!' '/v^ ^^ 

* the laft century, were prelerved from 

the labourt of your Society might be deftru£Hon. His chert had ocen three 

abridged, and the interpofition of the days fold, and delivered to a broker, ihe 

Liil&tare be unneccffary. , purchafer of it, at waitc-ptpcr, from 

Gent. Mag. Auguf^ 1791. whom 



714. The Brercwood Fam'tij^ $f Place Houfc, Bucks. [Auguff , 



whom they were redeemed. Amon^ 
thit coUe^oD arc many articles, fome of 
which, probably, may be dcen^ed \*onhy 
of the public eye, is well as the origi- 
aah ot others that have received the 
public admiration in Mr. Urban's Mif- 
cellany more than fifty years ago. Such 
as in vol. VII. p. 760, Verfc^ to Charles 
Lord Baltimore, 'written in Gunpowder 
Foreft in Mar\land; vol. XIV. p. 46, 
Winter; vol. XV l. p. 157, Spring s ib." 
p. 265. Summer: by Thomas Brcre- 
wood, £fq. elder and only bioihtr of the 
above, who died in 1748. 

Thomas, the fatliir of thefc two bro- 
thers, the yout.gcr of whom, Francis, 
died ten years apo, at the ag*. of eighty- 
two, WT. the fjrantifon, bv a fecond mar- 
riage, of Sir Rol>ert Brcrtwood, Knight, 
who was'chol'jn Recoruer of his native 
citv, Chcfler,*i5 Car, J. 1630; and in 
1643 was created one ot the Judges of 
the Comman PIca«, 

The ancef^or- of this family were ci- 
tizens of Cheft^r, and for fometime had 
held large pofll (lions there. Thev had 
repeatedly tilled the offices of Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Sheriffs of this city } 
wherein Roben Brercwood, the grand- 
father of Sir Robert^ died in the year 
.1600, in his third Mayoralty. He is de- 
nominated Wet-glover*. The following 
very excellent character is given of him 
by William Webb, in Daniel King's 
Vale-Hoya! of England, or County Pa- 
hitine of Cheder, folio, 1656, Part II. 
p. 43 : 

" Upon the South fide of the chancel of this 
church (the Abbie of St. Werburgh's in Chef- 
ter) Aandeth a fair chappel. At the upper 
end of this chappell lyech the body of a lato 
£imous citizen, Robert Brerewood, Alder- 
man, and thrice Maior of this city ; of whom 
I find no other monument there, fave onely 
liis coat, crei^, antl ft reamer, advanced over 
him, the words wlicreofare, Lahort, Prm- 
dmtlJ, Efuitatfy wtuch were well fitted to 
him, in whom thofe virtues were all emi- 
nent. And 1 fuppofe that I can hero lay a 
IbundatioQ for as lading a monument of him 
as can be made of mettall or flone to make 
k more knowen, that he was the tiappy fa- 
ther of a well-known fon, that learned Ed- 
ward Brerctvood of Oxford, whofe furpaf- 
fmg progrefle in the fhidies of all manner of 
learning, the Univerfity doth yet, and for 
•ver will, ring loud of; -and Grefham Col- 
Jedge in London, wliere he was Mathemati- 
cal Reader, will to the world's end bewail 

* Some Antiquities touching Cheiler, by 
Sir Peter LeiccAer; Bart. Londooi 16721 p. 
1^7. 



the want of: whoig, by an untimely deatt^^ 
it pleafed God to deprive the world of, l>0'- 
fore he had finKhtd^ or at leaft before ho 
had taken order for prefervation of, fuel* 
learned labours of his, as, if they were pal»— 
lifhed abroad, ihould nuke the world b^* 
holding to Chefter, the nurfe of fuch a £»• 
ther which begot fuch a fon." 

The (econd fon of Robert Brerewocxl 
laft- mentioned was Edward, the famo\»s 
fcholar, of Brazen- nofc College in Ox<» 
ford, who was afterwards choicn the fir ft 
Proftfforof Aflrooomy in Grcfliam Col — 
leee, London, the author of fevcraMearn-^ 
cd works*, fome of which were publish*' 
ed by his nephew Sir Robert after his de« 
ceaie, which happened on the 4th of No«-> 
vember, 1613, by a fcver,Nin his 48th 
year. £(lward Brerewood is mentioned 
in high encomium by Dr. Fu Icr f , in 
his ♦• Worthies ot England j" where his 
name h fpeic B*icrwood. 

An elder brother of Edward was 
Jo\ n I, the father of Sir Rcbert, who^ 
as Sir Peter Leiccder i tells w, was She- 
riff of that ciryt thoue;h his name ap« 

♦ The following books, written by him, 
are taken from Ward's « ProfefTors of Gre- 
iham College," fol 1740, 74, 75. 

1. De Ponderibuset Pretiis Veterum Num« 
momm, eorumque cum Recentioribus Col- 
latiooe, Lib. 1. Londini, 1614, 4to. 

2. Enquiries touching the Diverfities of 
Languages and Religions througti the chief 
Paris of the World. Lond. 1614, 23, 35, 
4to; 1647, &c. 8vo. 

3. Elementa Logicae, in Gratiam (hidiofie 
Juventutis in Academia Oxonienii. Lond* 
16 14, 15* &c. 8vo. 

4* Tradtatus quidam Logid do Praedicabi* 
libus, et Pnedicamentis. Qxop. 410^ i6t3 ; 
16389 3cc. 8vo. 

5. Tradbttts duo : quorum primus eft de 
Meteoris, fecundus de Oculo. Oxoa. i63i> 
38, 8vo. 

6. A Treatife of the Sabbath, i6ii. Oxf. 
163 1, 4to. 

7. Mr. By field's Anfwer, with Mr. 6rerc« 
wood^ Reply. Oxford, 163 1^ 4to. 

8. A fecond Treatife of the Sabbath { or, 
an explication of the Fourth Commandment. 
Oxford, 1632, 4to. 

9. Commentarii in Etbkm ArifiottUt* Ox* 
on. 1640, 4to. 

10. A Drdaraiton of the Patriarchal G«- 
vemment of the Antient Church. O^^ord, 
1614, 4to.; Lond. 1647; Bremen, X70I,8to. 

f Folio, London, 1662— Chefter, 19c. 

X Not the fon of Robert, as is repro- 
iented by A. Woodt Athenoe Oxon vol. 1. . 

§ Some Antiquities touching Chefter, by 
Sir Peter Leiceiteri bart. LmmIodi 16721 p. 

pears 



'79'0 ^' Brerewood Family y of Place Houfc, Bucks. 



1^5 



pears to havt been omitted in the lift of 
thofe officers. Sir Robert Bicrewood 
v*as twice mirrted ; firfV, to Anoe diu. 
of Sir Randle MainwariDgc, of Over- 
Fever, in chat county, who died in 1630: 
his fecond lady was Katherine daughter 
of Sk Richard Let, of Lea and Dcrn- 
hall, in Chefliire, and left feveral chil- 
dren by each of them He died in 1654, 
at CbcHer, aged 67 years, and lies buried 
in St. Mary's church there. Lady B,* 
furvived him thirty -feven years. 

The large property of which Sir Ro- 
bert Brerewood died polTefled, which was 
faid to be not lefs than 8,oool. a year, 
was ftcured by him in tail m^Ic, on the 
tiTue of lioth marriages. The la(l heir 
by the firft marriage died in 1 748, without 
fuScrini; any a£t to bar the entail ; a fur- 
▼iving fifter took polfenion of the pro- 
peny, to whom Francis Brerewood, it 
would ieem, was unknown. She took 
the moft quick methods to alienate the 
propertVf reeardlefs of the remonttrances 
of her friend^* or the wi)I ot her anceftor. 
That Mr. Brerewood was ntctflfarily in- 
volved in variouf fuits at law, in queft of 
his right, is a fa6^ well known, 1 believe, 
CO many learned gentlemen of the laA, as 
well as of the piefcnt age; and whiAi 
may be feen from dated cafes, anfwered 
im pis favour by fome of the firtt ntroet 
io tlus century, and now in my pofTcf- 
iiOD. Ho*w bard is bis caft f Some dog- 
grel vcrfes, I have fomcwhcre feen, are 
pot inappofite to his fate : 

" Nor Blackltonc any pleafore brings ; 

His righti pfpcrjom ami '/ things 

Would make us beggars were we kings." 

Piati II. prcfcnis a Weft view of 
Placc-houfe, in Horton. near Colebrook, 
Bucks. The rn«nor of Hoiton did be- 
long to the Scaweno, who fold it fo.iie 
time ago. Sir Thomas Scawen, knt. 
Alderman of London, appears to be the 
laft owner of it of that family. It 
is now in a widow lady of the name of 
(lickford, whofe huib^nd's father is (aid 
to have kept an allembly-room in Brew- 
er ftreet, Golden fquare, and to have 
purchafed the manor of a Mr. Cook, of 
^aconsfield. This manfion was occu- 
pied by Thomas Brerewood the elder, 
the beginning of this century \ it appears 
CO h^e been built about the early part 
of Elizabeth's reign, and was moated 
round. The Brerewoods laid out a 

^ See Do^or Edmund Mainwaringe*t 
Leuers, where he mentioos Ladie Brerewood^ 
Topogr. ToL 1* p* 74* 



large fum of money in improving the 
houfe, garden, and canals, which He 
below the bed of the river Coin, from 
which they are feparatcd only by a 
bank. They purchafed from the propri- 
etors of the adjoining mills leave for aa 
opening to feed the canals from the maia. 
river, at the expence of no lefs a fum 
than 300I. In the extremity of the gar* 
den, from the earth dug out in forming 
theie canals, they made a mount, who£ 
pcr^^endicular height is about i§ feet ; at 
the bafis of which is a leaden canifter* 
containing fome coins of the rime, with 
the names o( the tami'v and friends who 
were prefcnt at the ceremony ; and, be* 
ing young men ot fpirit and falhion, they 
did much improve this old manfion to 
the laftc of the times. Acrofs the pria- 
cipal canal they threw an arch, on which 
they built an elegant pavilion, which wa« 
6ttcd-upwith mvich expence of furniture^ 
carving, and giloing, as a library. This 
ediBce did not long furvive the old houfe, 
being quite cleared away fome yean. The 
garden walls are buiU of remarkably large 
brKk, 15 inches by ^^, made from a bed 
of clay Kiund ihcie at the time of dig- 
ging and enlarging? the caaals, which the 
gardener favs, are deemed in meafure 
equal to an acre of land. After this fa- 
mily left Horton, the houfe, wanting re- 
pair, was occupied by May hew, a gar- 
dener, for near forty years, who rented 
the garden-grounds. 

Six years ago the houfc was taken 
down, being in ruins ; the fite of it and 
the i^ardtnv is fix acres, let to Mr. Cox 
for lit. lot. per year. 

The houfe did join, as may be feen by 
the plate, to the South (ide of the tower 
ol Horton chuich. 

The church u an old building. From 
the Roman femicircular arch dn the 
front iioor, which is well prefervcd with 
its MTaved or zigzag mouldings, we may 
venture to pronounce this church to l>e 
built in the twelfth century, if not he* 
fore, as, what we now call theearlv Nar- 
min archiieflure, was totally difufed af- 
ter the time of Henry III. viz, 1230; 
when the Saracenic pointed arch, com* 
monly called the Gothic, prevailed. 

In a chapel on the North fide of this 
church, with a boarded flour which opens 
in the middle, is the family vault of the 
Scawens $ but, from its prefcnt decayed 
and negleded ftate, we may infer that 
this family alio is no more. 

In the centre of the chancel Ues the 
mother of our immortal Milton, who 

died 



y t6 File at Gibraltar in Honour of Prince Edward. [Auguft, 

6ica to the 19th year of the Poet. On a attachment to tkeir Sovereign and his fa- 

blue fla1> arc ihcfe words. Hian iyetb mily, m the ptrlon oF their royal gucft, 

tbi b$ity of Sarm Milton *wbo died id of as well 9X, their elleem and regard to His 

April 16371 and. on her right-hand, a Royal Highnef>i himfclf, t\\t\v jomradf 
worthy and much-eftcenBcd clergyman of 
tins parifli in thefe word?, Robitt Nan- 

fffy* 1734 ' ^^ 

From a drawing in my pcflcffion, 

I find the arms of Brcrcwood thus bla- 
zoned : Ermine, two paik vaire, Or and 
Arg. on a chi<;f, Az. a bezant between 
two garb», Or. Creft, on a wreath, two 
fword' in faltire, Gules, pomels and hilts 
Or, piercing a ducal coronet proper. 

Yours, &c. C. P. 



*Ti6 fellg'w foldier ', and thcfe teftimonics 
in the prefrnce of tire commanders and 
officers of (he fquadrons of the principal 
marihrne, and the confuls of the commer* 
cial, nations of Europe. 

A Constant Reader, 



Mr. Urban, Gibralior, Jum 3. 

I PROMISED vou an Recount of any 
thing remarkable that occurred here. 
The very evening of my arrival in the 
Refinance man of war, in company with 
the UlyiTcs. prefcot'ed a fccnc, new not 
only in this part ot Europe, but rarely 
feen even in the moft populous cities ; 
and I am very glad to have an opportu* 
Bity of tranfmitiing you an accurate and 
authentic defcription of the Fttt given on 
that evenmg to His Royal Highneft 
Prince Edward, upon his being about to 
depart hence for Canada. The account 
is drawn up, and the dravving made, by 
Capt. Fyers, of the Royal Engineers, an 
old and valuable friend of mine, well 
known to many of your friends in Eng- 
land for hit fervices in America, and 
wha was the projeftor of that part of the 
entertainment given in the ruinous bar- 



Mr. U R B A N , Gibraltar^ May 3 o • 

IN a corner of Europe fo remote fioni 
England as this is, we cannot account 
for the unfavourable reprefentationt 
which are.fiid to have been circulated 
there rcfpe^^irg his Royal Uighocfg 
Prince Edward ; nuct however, btto^w 
that theie calumnies can on!)' fiod credit 
among (I thofe who are rangers to a 
chara£Vcr whicli pronrifcs to he an orna- 
ment to tlie naion. His condu6^. whitd 
here, hab been tranfcendcnilv mcnto- 
lious J and, were we to cnf|uire wha^ 
young man in Gil» altar has (hewn liim- 
fclt to be the nu corrgil^ atumiv^^ and 
diligtnt, in the uiVharge of his duty, as 
well as thccnofl rfgular and temperate ia 
his private houis, the aniwcr mud he 
«• Prince Edward." That he polTcfle^ 
equ:4lly the art of conciliating the atfec- 
tions of his brother^ofiiccrs, with that of 
dcferving their applaufe, was very con- 
Ipicuouily manifefled by the fplendid 
compliment they paid him previous 10 his 
departuie for Canada. They had a- 




J//.) ; and which ihews him to be equal 
]y adroit in the falcon of Apollo as in the 
field of Mars *. 

The entertainment coft 1,800 dollars, 
or about 250!. fterling , and the expence 
pf converting the ruinous barrack into a 



g or wnicn eacii corps deputed 
officer. The Hotel de l*Burepg being 
fixed on for the pUce, a temporary com- 
munication was contrived between iha| 
and the ruins of an adjacent barrack. 



which was h ted- up with fingular ele- 

. t> i u cance for the fuppcr-room at the expcnct 

fuppcrroom amounted to 800 dollars, or 6. ^^^^ j^^^j-^^j,,^^^ (fu plate ilL), The 

about iial. a.r.iogj both together mak- ^all-room (of itlelf an extreme handfome 
mg an expence of only two guineas to 
each officer : an offering maoc with the 
utmoft alacrity upon this occafion. where 
at once was to be (hewn their rerpe6t and 



* As the difpofition of the niches and pi- 
Iflf^res on the fides of the room were necella- 
rily adapted to the doo^-s and windows of tlic 
ruined walls, it was impoilible to attain uni- 
formity ; and, as the general eifcdl only was 
attended to, it is not calculated to pafs the or- 



one, and which was be fides decorated 
with the colours ot ten regiments,) was 
crowded with company a little afte^ 
eight o'clock. It twas lemaikable, tha( 
the ihips, dedincd to carry the Prince and 
his regiment to Quebec, arrived, with a 
confiderable number of officers from Engr 
land, on the very day appointed for this 
entertainment. The whole of the officers 
of the Britilh navy and army here, thofe 
,of the Dutch and Ponuguefe iquadronsy 



deal of criticifm as if the edifice had beea 

neaot for permanence, W. Fvaas. and all the ladies in ihe plice (who ap- 

pealed 



179'-] ^^'^ ^' Gibraltar in Honour^/ Prince Edward, 717 



pearcd in uniform drclTcs made on the 
occafion), formed altogerhcr an uocom- 
roonly gay aflcmbly. His Excellency 
t^c Governor, accompanied bv aM the 
field -officers, waited on His Royal Hfgh- 



u'hole of this end of the room lud • n>oft 
b^aucifvil and flriking effc6l. The Tap- 
per was t very elegant one, and had 
more, both of abundance and variecyt 
thap t^is fccmingly inhofpiiahle rock 
mipbt be fuppofcd capable of affordiog; 



ijcfs at his quaner^, attended him to the ^ , , 

Hotel, and entered the ball- room at half and the lines of the foct, in cenfure of 

no hourpaft eight o'clock. The dancing habitual luxury, might, on this occafion; 



continued ti 1 about a quarter before 
twelve, when the Prince and Sir Robert 
Bovd, preceded by the managers, and 
followed by the reft of the companv, 
went into the fuppcr-room ; and the afto- 
oiibment then vifible in each count^'nance 
a: the unexpe£Vtd magnificence of the 
(pcttacle, arrefted cvcrv ont- for fome 
time at. the entrance^ A fcleft band of 
fifty muiicians, playing a grand march 
as the n/val gucft moved on towards a 
canopy of ftatc at the upper end of the 
room, gave dignity to ti.e brilliant fccne. 
The room, which was allowed to have 
been ornamented in a ftvie fuperior to 
whatever had been exhibited in this 
place, W4s 1 10 feet long, if feet wide, 
and 24 fecr high : the companv defcend* 
cd from a fliglit of i>«^ps nine feet witle, 
Vndcr a lofty arch, into the room ; by 
which mr ans they came fuddtnly to view, 
lit one glance, the whole of the fjpper- 
tables} ihefe were calculated for 240 
perfons, another apartment being fitied- 
up for the remainder tjf the com;>any. 
On each fide, and at the upper end of 
the 100m, Ionic pilaftcrs wcredifpofed at 
convenient dirtances from each other, 
having niches placed in the intervals, and 
over the fide- boards. Fifty feet in the 
centre of each fide or the room was occu- 
pied by a neat lunic colonnade, fupport- 



bc applied in commendftion of the atcen* 
tion gf the managers : 

'* Earth, fea, and air, 
Were tbis Jay ranfacj^'d for their b»U of fai^** 

Gat, 

Although Ceres and Bacchus poured 
forth their (lores io abundance, vet Pru* 
dence prcfided over the whole J for, per- 
haps, there fcarcely ever was an inflance 
of fuch a number of young men bein^ 
colle^.trd, with a pre- determination of 
conviviality, who palfcd a night with ib 
much decorum ; nor of fo Urge a compa* 
ny being aliembled where every indivi, 
dual wa^ pleaded and happy. The feni- 
vity oi the fccne was confi(!erably height* 
ened by a judicious fele^iun of catches, 
and other vocal and in(\rumental muiick, 
very well performed j among the reft, 
the incloled little fong *, written upoo 
the occafion, wa« Tung by one of the 
finding- boys belonging to the Queen's 
regiment of foot, in a very pleafing man- 
ner. One mind (eemed to animate the 
whole company ) the only cooteft being, 
who iboutd do moft honour to the iliui- 
trious gueR, and difplay mod both their 
perfonal regard for him, nu\ their afftc* 
rionate and zeal us attachment to hia 
Royal Father and family. 

On the 13th of May, Sir Rob. Boyd 



5ng two rows of balufttrs; one, the front wa^ pleafed to give out the following ac- 



of the orcheftra. the other for uniformi- 
ty. Fcftoons of evergreens and flowers, 
natural and artificial, were formed in a 
lichly-omamcntal Hyle, and fufpended 
from the volutes of the Ionic capitals. 
The canopy was very elegantly conftruft- 



knowlevlgement from his Royal Highnefs 
in General Oiders, *v.'x. 

•* His Royal Highnef^ Prince Edward 
" having rtqucftcd of S»r Robeit Bo\a 
•* to exprcfs, in the fullcft manner pof- 
*• fible, his Royal Highnefs's warmed 



ed, and covered with pink filk and filver *< thanks to the whole of the officers of 



ornaments. On the top of it was the fi- 
gure of Fame, , holding m her left hand a 
St. George's enfign, which reached, to 
the roof of the room. On the back of 
the feat was pUced the Prince's coroner, 
large, and properly gilded ; over which, 
and immediately beneath the canopy, was 
an illuminated reprcfentation of the rifing 
fun. The niches on each fide of the ca- 
nopy were filled, the one by Minerva in 
an attitude of inviting the Prince's atten^ 
tion to Fame above him, the other, by 
Vi^ory prcpariog a laurel-crown. The 



•* this garrifon, who gave h'm the Feu 
" of the nth inffant} Sir Robert Boyd, 
<< in con^pliance with the Prince's wifhcf, 
«* has thought proper, by putting it in 
** Public Orders, to afl'ure himfelf of 
** every ofBcer being acquainted hour 
'* flattering to his Royal Highnefs this 
** mark of their attachment to him has 
•"been, and how fincerely he wifhes 
« them all to be acquainted with it." 



t Written by Capi. Fycrs. Sec p. 756. 



yi8 Original Litter fnm Dean Swift to Mr. Towers, f Auguft, 

Original hitter frem ibe Rev, Dean At the aonutT meetinjr of the Bath 

Swift /j /A/ /?/v. Mr. John Tow- Agricuhure Society, in Dec. 1789, it 

- E*s, PrebtHdary $f St. Patrick's, eti was agreed, that the mciits of f«?eral 

powerfcourt, near Bray. Drill Machines (hould be tried, and that 

Slj^ each proprietor (hould appoint' an um- 

1 CANNOT imagine what bufioers it pire. Accordingly, on the aid of Aprfl 
is thai (o entirely employs you. I am x790» ^^^ ftvcral machines were let to 
fure it is not 10 gain money, but to fpcnd work at Mr. FhchcwS, near Devizes, in 
it ; perhaps it is to new^caft and contrive a field extremely well prepared, and par- 
Vour houfe and gardens at 40«1. more ticularly adapted for Mr. Cooke's dnll ; 
cxpence. I am forry it (hould co(l you but, though the land was a ligblloam^- 
two pence to have an account of my fret from fiones, Mr. Cooke, with bis 
health, which is not worth a penny 1 yet utmoft exertions, could not poflibly keep 
I (trug^le, and ride, and walk, and am the coulters to an equal regular depth ; a 
temperate, and drink wine pn purpofc to great quantity of the feed, even the 
iJelav or make abonive, thofe fchcmes labolt en tbe decltvities, remained on the 
propoVcd for a fuccelTor; and if I were furface. Mr. Cooke was obliged 10 go 
WelUl would counterfeit myfclf fick, as over \\it fame ground t\it fecond time, 
Toby Matthews, Archbiftop of York, with his fcarifiers, to cover the feed. The 
ufed to do when all the Bi(bopt wire quantity of land drilled by my machine 
ffaping to fucceed him. It is one good was 3 roods, 20 perches, and 23 link&i 
fipn that giddinefs is peculiar to youth, the grain fo compleatly covered that none 
»nd I find J grow giddier as I grow old- could be fcen, and the land left fo even 
er, and, therefore, coofcquently I grow as not to require rolling ; whilft Mr. 
younger. If you will remove fix miles Cooke's drilled only 1 rood, 35 perches, 
©earcr, I (hall be content to come and and 16 links, and which was left in a 
fpunee upon you as poor as you are, for very rough (late. My private bufioefs 
1 cannot venture to be half a day's jour- prevented attending till the 5th of June, 
uev from DubHn, becaufe there is no when only one ot my ridges, adjoining 
fufficient medium of fle(b between ray to Mr. Cooke's, was hand-hoed, and 
ikin and my bones, particularly in the that produced lefs in proportion than the 
parts that lie upon the Saddle. Therefore, unhoed ridge j which I attribute to many 
be pleafed to fend me three do^n ounces of the plants being unavoidabl\ cut and 
<,f fl/(h before I attempt fuch an adven- injured, owing to their being grown fd 
turc, or get me a fix- mile inn between high, and hoed too late. The umpires 
this town and your houfe. The cathe. fixed on the i(\ of September for alcer- 
dral organ and backi^de arc painting and taining the experiments. I conceived 
mending, by which I have faved a ler- that two days would have been fully fuf- 
inons and, as the .rogues of workmen go ficicnt for compleaiing^ the work; ac* 
pn, Imay fave another. cordingly I accepted a gentleman's ap- 

How a wonder, came young Achcfon pointmcnts from Uampihire, on panicu- 
10 be ainong you ? I believe neither his lar bufznefr*, to be at my houfe 00 the 3d 
father nor mother know any thing of of September. 

him J hii mother is at Grange with Mrs. On the ift of September, MeflVs, 
Achcfon, her mother, and, I hear, is Cooke, Matthews, Bourn, and fdf, met 
very ill of her afthma and other difor- at Mr. Fitchew's. The umpires' non- 
■ ders eoc bv cards, and laz'oefs ^nd attendance occafioncd fomc contuiion and 
keepiT»g ill hours. Ten ihoufand fack- debate. It was ptopoled, as fo ma- 
fulls of fuch knights and iuch Tons are, ny (eight) experiments were to U tried, 
in mv mind, neither worth rearing nor and having fo little rime (it being then 
prefcrving. 1 count upon it that the bov twelve o'clock), that a (bort, hui equal, 
1% good tor nothing. I am. Sir, wiih length and breadth of the btrt part of 
great truth, your obedient, humble fer- the crops (hould be cut ; to which 1 ob^ 
^^nj J. Swift. je^ed i obferving thst, as there were 

' ..........»-i- numerous uncropped vacancies on Mr* 

Mr. Urban, B7'ifioi, July 4. Cooke's ridges, 8 perches iii length, arid 

AN advenifcment of Mr. Cooke, ia the whole breadth of fuch ridges adjoin^ 
ihc Bath Chronicle, dcniantis an an- ing each other, including good and bad, 
fwer which I Ug your permiirion to ought to be cut, to afcauain the produce 
givi'; limply ftating real fa6ts for the with proper exa6tncfsi and that, accord- 
confidcrationof iholcwhoma^ bcplcifcU ing to the real me^furcment of iucU 
to aiund. ridges, a calcuUuoa in proporiioo ptr 

acre 



1 791*] Mr. Winter's Jcctutd of Drill Machines. i r^ 

aere (hould be made. Tbis was mf, produced, I doubc not of his nfimedi* 

0pimioH, acely being convinced of ntv afl* rtiona 

Mr. Cooke*! ridge (which ^wat my being true ; and am cenain, from mfh^ 

lot, but, at his requeft, retipncd to him) kss betn done^ that, had the experiments 

xneafured in breadth 17 feet from thecen* been propirly mad*^ ihr produce of mine 

tre of its furrows. , About 3 or 4 pcrciiet would have cscccdtd Mr. Cooke's many 

in length of his head-land was without bu(beU/«r acre. 

any vacancies, and very different to t*he I m^'w will further affcrt, that Mr. 

other parts, which, / aiar^ rtpeat^ con- Cooke's machine cannot drill advantage- 

Kained numerous uncropped fpacc^, that ouflv, much more than hoe, in ftoov iind 

appeared to me either to have had no Oitf Und» where mine can. The ad of 

grain depoiited, or fuch torn up by the Scptemi>cr was employed in thrclbing. 

Icartfiers. My adjoining ridge contained On :he y\ I was engaged ro be in BriOol; 

DO fuch uncropped fpaces; the breadth but, on my arrival at Bath, accidentally 

thereof, about 35 feet, wa« more than 1 met the gentleman who had engaged to 

twiice the breadth of Mr. Cooke's. About be at my hnufc 1 and, after (etiHng our 

a perches of my head-land weie flatter, hufincfb, I immediately returned to Mr. 

and not fo healthy as Mr Cooke's nar- Fitchevv's, with a full intcntioa to have 

row ridge ; the crop on that part ev}- the rctidue of Mr. C's and my ridges cue 

dently difcovercd it ; accordingly, about and compared, hut found them mowed, 

ODC perch was permir.ed to be cut off and mixed together. In the courfeof this 

both our ridges. After, a (hort length, and faring I cxp*:£t to have an opportunity of 

exa6t breadth of 15 feet (which Mr. C's having a proper ttial ma<le between Mr. 

rows of corn exadly occupied where C's and my machine ; and accordingly £ 

there were no vacancies), were cut, hereby invite Mr. Cor any perfonpolicfT- 

which was calculated to proiluce in pro- iog bin machine, to meet me ncai Bath, 

portion tu 66 buQieU, i galion, and 1 not 10 aicenain by cutting only i he 146U1 

pint, ptr acre. part of an acre, hut by cutt»ng two or 

The fame meafure, hting not fo good more a<ijoining lidges, as ihall be deem* 

ms 9t her parti of mj ridge^ was cut, and ed equitable by Mr. Matthews and (,wo 

produced in proportion 63 bulhe]«, i other impartial p&riaos ; and, as a com* 

pecks, and i qjart. Mv other ridge, penfation for lof^ of time, the lofer to 

unhoed (two rdgos diQant from Mr. pay the wirjp'-r tl.e value oi bib machiocy 

C*s), produced in proportion to 66 bufli- exciulive or the premium from the So* 

els, % pecks, i g^tion, and 1 quart, ciety. 

which is a greater produce than Mr. C's Mr. Cooke profcfTes Uimfclf a ftraoger 

M^0V€ experiment; and my uohocd crop to the art of jockcydiip. I never laiu ue 

was about 3 buOiels pfr acre more than wis a jockev ; nor did I ever fay that bt 

any impropirfy-hozd corn produced which wuas PifeJ,\d ivitb cunnimg. But I will 

adjoined Mr. C's.**- And be it remeili- fay that, as he did pubitfiy he ought to 

bered, that Mr. Cooke chofe this ndge, have mentioned all circumllances as they 

ao^that the calculation was made from rea'ly occurred. 

i5inftead of 17 feet, the' real breadth Capr. Lloyd, ofKill^vvyn, in Cardl- 

thcrcof. ganlhire, invented, about eight years 

The chain extending lengthways, and ago, a hoffc-harrow and rake with tiaes 

acrofs into the middle of the ndge>, the of different fizes \ and 1 have lately been 

saeafuremcnt being calculated trom 1 informed that Mr. Mayes, of Notowa, 

perch and i-icth, which is only equal to near Ipfwich, mvented one alfo, which 

the t46th part of an acre, cannoc be a Mr. C^ faw piior to bis being made 

proper proportion to afcertain the real public in 1788 or 1789. However^, at 

produce; for the chain unavoidably co- having feen Capt. Lloyd's, 1 can afl'ert* 

tering only a few plants out of their pro- that Mr. C's vaunted borle-nue and 

per fiiuation, tbe^ariaiion on fo fmail a fcariBers are >cQn(lru6Ud on the exuB 

fcale at the 146th part of t6o (beiog fo fawn prmciples as Capt. Lloyd's* 
many fquare perches in an acre), muft 

make a material difference in the calcula-' ExtraB of a Letttr to Mr, Winter from 

lion) hence I w:ll confidently (ay, that Mr. W Weeks, 'wbo o<cuptt* a I'arm 

the experiments were by no means pro- to tb* Amount of about 500 '. a I ear. 

perly, but very improperly, attempttd X>«//</Saliibur), Marc, i^, 1 09. 

to be afcertaioed. Let any impartUl u i^^^ ^m able to inform you J x^^c pro- 

man, underftandin^ agricultufe, reflect, ^oce ofthe f-x acics of ai Ic^ whiJi yuu iu- 

aftd pro]pvrly iavtftigau the fafts 1 have permtcQaedtbeluwini;otaMialife«Mv8^ Y'oa 

wiU, 



7 to Tbi Pendrell FaifiUy.^^Lu^utj $f Clouted Cream. [ Augutf ^ 

wiU, I do not Joubt, recoUea that I did not frraD^ed to Nicholas Ridley, Bifhop of 
fow quite a hufliel and a half /k#r acre, and 1 London, and his fucccflbn for ever, n% 
had exaaiy four q^e« ^ acre, nine-gal- Jong ago as the fourth year of Edward 
Jonm^jfure, of the beft marketable corn, VI. that is, about 1550. This will 
^ hide tatlmg, ,t was fo even growed. ^^y reconcile any cfoubt upon this 
This IS full a third in«re ^ acre than where Cnwifi ^ 

we fowed five bulhels*rr acre broadcaft." Juojccr. .. 

' I hope E. I. will continue to favour 

K.B. Mr. Weeks had fowed upwards you and your readers with other ufcful 
of 60 acres broadcafl, prior to drilling and entertaining remarks. And yoa 
the above on the 14th of April, 1788. may probably hear again, upon forna 
The fucceeding feafon was fo dry, that topick or other, from your humble fcr- 
no rain fell till about the latter end of vant, and a former correfpondcoc, V. 
July I and the drought was fo great, .« ■ . 

that, in numerous parts of this king- Mr. Urban, Hpniton^ Ak^. t. 

dom, the farmers did not reap even two A S you cater vcrv happily for the 
for the one bufliel of feed thty fowed. -Ta. public in general. I think you may 

I extremely exult in the peculiar pre* not difapprove prclinting your readers 
rogative of a Briton, thtt, when he is ^itb a delicacy peculiar to Devon, and 
illiberally and malicioufly attacked by the borders of its adjoining coun- 
any perfoa, he has a right to enjoy the ties{ what 1 allude to is the mode of 
privilege of felf-defence. Such is my* producing i\\7iX. cream termed fcaU, or 
lituation. Mr. Cooke was pleafed to ctpttid (nam t this deficicnce only could 
attack me firft in a certain " Encycio- have fn long conBned fo laxuriojs a 
psdia." We have fince had fevcral treat to the more VVcftern parts of Eng. 
controverfies. How far his exprelficns land. The obvious purpofe of making 
nay appear to be illiberal, and filled it is for fuperior butter than can be pro- 
with acrimonious inve6^ives, I will fub- cured from the ufual raw cream, to 
mit to the determination of the publick, which it 'is preferable for flavour and 
and thofc who have noticed our publi- keeping: lome persons will eat no other, 
cations. Geo. Wihtkr. Thofc dairies that make fcald-crtam 

»~i butttr cannot ufe leaden cifler^s, hut 

Mr. Urban, . Au^uf 2. brafs pans, for the milk ; and that which 

MANY thanks to yoo| fcnfible cor- >» puf »nto the pans one morning is let 
refpondent E.I. who dates his let- Asnd till the next, when, without dif. 
tcrs from Uppingham, and gives you turbing it, it is pUced over a Heady, 
fomc account of the Pendrells, and of briik fire, on which it is to remain from 
that worthy prelate Dr. Jeremy Taylor, fcvcn to fifteen minutes, according to 
Heobfcrves, that Mrs. Terefa Sykes ^b* <«*c *>f the pan ; but the point of 
tvasthelailfurvivorof that antient name time for removing it mull be carefully 
of Pendrtll, at leaft of that branch of it attended to, which is when the furfacc 
in Staffordlhife ; and therefore there begms to wrinkle a little, or (hew figng 
nay be another furviving branch, which - p^ being near the agitation of boiUng ; 
your corrcfpondent A LojmliJI mentions. »t is then inftantly to be taken off, and 
And we ihall be glad to hear that any placed in its former pofition, when the 
thing is done for Mr. Thoma\ Pendrell, n«JXt day it will prefcnt iu fine clotted 
of which he and his anceftors may be cream, which is ready for the table, or 
deemed worthy. The manner io which 10 be converted into butter, which the 
the burial of Mrs. Terefa Sykes is in- delicate hand of the neat dairy woman 
fertcd in the RegiHer, with the addition ^oon accompliHies by flirringonly. Some 
of her maiden name of Pendrell, is know when it is pt^opcr to take it from 
agreeable to the mode which the prefent the fire by founding the pan with the 
refpe£lable Bi(bop of Durham rccom- finger; it will then be lefs fonorous: but 
mended to his late clergy of the diocefe this art can only be acquired by experi- 
of Saliibury, and may have its ufe in ence. As the proceft is fimple, I may 
many inftances* therefore hope, when I vifit different 

I would remind E. I. that Dr. Jereifcy parts, to fee the tables adorned with the 
Taylor was probably prefentcd by the regale of Devonihire cream. 
Archbifliopof Canterbury, in 1637, to Yours, &c J. F* 

the reftory of Uppingham, as being his ' 

Grace's option from the Bifliop of Lon- Mr. Urban, ArgyUfirett^ Aug. 10. 

don for that turn \ for E. I. mentions, '^'OUR correfpoodent T. T. 1 wiHa 

that the advowfoo of that church was X much to alTili. In thecourfeofmy 

7 Ufe, 



r79 « •] ^h ^h^ their P^.^ni Luck of Bdenhall. y a I 

fift, pablk ftnrice his earned mt frc* beingioctmipcedbythetntnifiobofrome 

qoeotlf CO the Cape of Good Hopt^ cuHous people, they were frtf^hteocd* 

where it ftnick me u a ftrtoge fancy, \n and made a hafty retreat, and left the cup 

every fainti?, to fee a fmall land-tortoi(e in queftion i one of the laft fcseaming ' 

in the tnclofcd yard behind the oficet of out, 

thehoufc. For fome time I regarded If ihb cup ihouU b«k or 6U, 

die aDicnal ta a kind of uoiwerfal pet i PareweU the Luck of EdcnbalL 

bat at leorai I was told, that it wis ad- r,- o n j i_ n . i . . 

mittcd for the fake of avoiding the pcft . J^"V*^ •*^*. *»«^ed to i$ belt 

of rm« which would not abpr^ch any 1°;?"^- " V^.^^^J^ ^.^"J^* ^ 

place the kodtortoife was harboured in. J^J*"? ' c^"^ " "^* r ^? ^he Earri 

Twmembcr that one of thefc creatures ^""^"^^ — ^* '^ ^""^ </ ^^^^ Cbaa. 

• was kept in a fmall back p- en of a ^ Pa^kJUesfig^ibttrmwipimmie dstdtJ* 

I hottfe in Henrietta- ftreet, Covent Gar- MifcT«ir« 

den, for very many years, and pofHbly GOD prof pft- long from being brakf 

for this Tcry excellence. I c retired into Ih^Xjudt^ 9f EdetihsU \ 

the earth during the winter months i A ddefiil drinldng-boot 1 ^ay 

and, I believe, was living when the fa- There lately did befiUL 

mily left the premiftt. W.P. To chafe the fpleen v»rith cup and can, • • 

■ ■■■■ * Duke Philip took his way i 

I Mr. Urbah, BpiUifird, jMfy ±9. B«b!»y« "nbornfliaUncv«r«it 

TN an excorfion to the North of Eng. ^be like of fuch a day. 

•■• land, I was eafilv prevailed upon to The (lout and ever-thirfty Dnko 

fiee the Ltuk of EJnibmli'*, celebrated in A vow to God did make, 

a ballad in Ricfon's Sele& Colleton of His pleafure within Cumberland 

Baglifh Songs. The only defcilptioa I Three Uve-long nights to take. 

can give you of it is, a very thin, belU Sir Mufgrave, too, of Martindale, 

\ mouthed, beaker glais, deep and narrow, A true and woitby Knight, 

/ ornamented on the ootfrde with fancy* Eftfoon with him a bargain made, 

work of coloured glafs, and may hold '" driftking to deliglit. 

iomething more than a pint. The bumpers fwiftly pa(i about, 

Anttent fu perdition may have contri* Six in a hmid went niuod } 

buted DOC a little to its prefervation ; but And with their calling for ^more wine, 

I that it fliould not, in a more enlightened They made the Hall reibund. 

fP' ^^. j^!J»<>«"" of conviviaUtv, (fee ^^ ^j^ ^^^^ ^.j- ^^.^ 

the Ballad), meet with one /#»//# r*/ j^kt Earl of HaroU's oarsT 

[ (and a gentle one would be ouite fuffi- ^nd am C (quoth he, with an oath) 

cient for an ordtmmry gU/s of the fame xhus flighted by my Peers ? 

fubftance) is to me fomewhat wonder- Saddle my fteed, bring forth my boou, 

ful. Superftition, however, cannot be ^ .jj ^\.^^^ ^j^ ^ .^ ' 

entirely eradicated from the miod at once. ^„j^ ^^^^^ S^ciff, a>me you too , 

The late agent of the fami ly had fuch a ^ve '11 know this fcurvy trick. 

fiinrgmitml rigara for this glafs, that ., _ ....«,.• .^ 

he would not fuffcr any pcrfon to touch " ^' y<>«»«" ^^^}^^ ^anild come r 

it, and but few to fee it. When the fa- ,, .?'*^***!,^, ^iS^l^ ^^^ « l. 

m;i» «• /^K*r ^11^;^... r^^tAm u^u • A^ Tis well, • replied the mettled Duke { 

mily, or other cunous people, had a dc- ^ ^^^ wiU hi get away r 

nre to dnnk out of it, a napkin was ^ ' 

held underneath, left any accident (bould Wlien thus the Earl began : ^ Gnm Duke, 

beftl it; and it is ftill carefully pre- I'll know how this did chanoe> 

ferved, in a cafe made on purpofc. The Without inviting me ; fore this 

cafe is (aid to be the fecood, yet bears Youdid not ieam in Praoce : 

the marks of antiquity, and is charged ** One of us two, for this oflence, 

0i»K /Htf Under the board (hall lie r * 

^'" ll|J9^ I know thee well, a Oake (hou art { 

Tradition, our only guide here, fays. So fome- years hence Ihall 1. 

Aat a party of Fairies were drinking and u But tmft me,. Wharton, pity 't ww 



Disking merry round a well near the So much good wine to fpill, 
Hall, called St. Cuihbert*s well { but. 



• A pint bumper at SirChriftopher Muf 
* EdenhaU, — the smient feat «f Sir Phi- grave's* (N,6t AAcaftor of. the prefent 
Kp Mulipave, near Penrith, Combedaad* fiargnet.) 
Gamt. MaO« Jugnjl, 179U As 



jtl Tbi Luck of EitnhzW.-^t'ifiibud DtfiriHs^ tubena ? f AtigvA^ 



As tbefe companicwt here nuiy drink 
Ere they have had their fill. 

<< Let thou and I» in bumpers fuU^ 

• This grand afbir ficcide."-^ 
•* Accurs*d be he/' Duke Wharton (aid, 
** By whom irisdeoiedr 

To Andrews* and to Hotham &ir« 

Many a pint went nxmd } 
And many a galbnt Geotlemai 

Lay fick upon the ground. 

When at the bft the Duke efpied 

*H« hadthe £arllBCiire« 
He f tied him with a full pint glaisy 

Which laid him on the floor : 

Who never fpoke more words than thefe. 

After he downward funk s 
<« My worthy friends, revenge my failt 

Duk^ Wharton (ees me drunk*" 

Then, with a gnwi, Duke Philip took 

The fick man by the joint, . 
Aiid faid, " Earl HaroW, 'fteai of the% 

Would I had drunk the pint I 
•• Alack ! my very l^eart doth bleed. 

And doth within me fmk ; 
For furely a more fobcr Earl 

Did never fwallow drink l" 

With that the Sheriff, in a rage 

To fee tlw Earl fo fmit, 
Vow'd to revenge the dead-drunk Peer 

Upon renowa'd ifr Kit. 

Then ftepp'd a galbnt 'Squire forth, 

Of vifagetUinandpalcj 
Lloyd was his name, and of Gang-baU» 

Faft by the river Swale r 

Who faid, he would not have k toUI, 

\^here Eiten rrver ran, 
Th.it unconccfii*d he (hoa!d fit by,— 

« So, Sheriff, 1 'm your man l" 

Kow wlien thefe tidings reach'd tlie room. 

Where Wie Duke lay in l>ed, 
How that the 'Squire fuddenly 

Upon the floor was laid; 

•* O heavy tidings !" quoth the Duke^ 

•( Cumbeiiand witnefs be, 
I have not any topef more. 

Of fiich account as he." 

Like tidings to Earl Thanetcame, 

Within as ifcoct i fpace. 
How that the Uoder-ihoriff too 

Was fallen fiwn his place : 

1 Now Godbe wkh him," £iid the £ari| 

'< Silh^ will no better be I 
I iruft I hav«, within my town. 

As drunken Knights as he." 

Of all the number thiat were there, 
Sir Bains he fcom'd to yieUI i 

But, with a bumper in his hand. 
He ftagger'd o'er the field. 

7 hus did this dire contention end, - 
And each roan of the flain 



Were quickly carried off to bed. 
Their (bnfes to regain. 

God btefs the King ! the Dnchefs fkt I 

And keep the land in peace I 
Arid grant that drunkennefs hencefoftb 

'Mong Noblemen may ceafe I 

And likewife blefis our Reyal PrincCi 

The nation's other hope ! ' 
And give us grace for to defy 

The Deviland the Pope I 

•Yours, &c W. M. 



Mr. Urban, Llanfojl/I, Julj 17. 

NEAR the road leading from Chep- 
flow to Raglan in Monmouth* 
ihire, and about five miles from the for* 
iher place, lies a clofc of land, contain- 
ing between two and three acres, faid 
to be part of the county of Hereford, 
although wholly ftnrounded by landa 
lying in the former county, and at the 
lead eighteen miles from the confines of 
Hereford fhire. 

It is faid, that the Leafowes (the 
birth-place of the elegant Shenflone), 
snd perhaps other fpots in the kingdom, 
have the fame peculiarity of fituation. 
The Leafowes, though furrounded by 
Worcefter(hire and Warwickfbire, be* 
Inogs to Shroplhire, though peihapa 
thirty-five miles dilUnt from any other 
pait of ic. To whatcaufe can fuch infu- 
lated diflri£ls, lying in one county, yet 
appended to another, be anributed * i 
Youn, &c. C. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. »8. 

IM£T lately by accident, in your 
Review of S^inborne's Travels, vol. 
LVII. p. 32.0, his fhort account of the 
aflair of J. Calas ; and will copy the 
palTage, which, I truly fay, made my 
hair fland on end. 

•* The true (late of this melancholy event 
fthe af&ur of John Catas] is (till hidden be» 
liind clouds ot doubts and con^edtures; nor 
have I been able to procure any fatis&florf 
lights on the fubjea. A fenfible, unin* 
teiefled fpeAator uf the whole tranlaetioii 
aflured me, that he had ftrong reaibns for 
liifpeaing that John Calas had, by fome uo* 
lucky blow or pufh, been Uie innocent caufe 
of his ibn*s death : the expt eliions Uniform- 
ly made ufe of by that unhappy parent agree 
with this furmife." 

Here is the fl ranged unworthy para« 
graph that could only have been ex* 
psdied from an interc^ed Papifl in Eng- 
land i the bigoted bUndnels of Tou- 
Joufe, and their folly of wantini^ to ce- 

• ♦ This is by no means uncommon, asili:lll 
be fhewaaeaa month. fio:T. 

Icbiatfi 



yfi^.y The Odas Rmify. — lUits mi4 iCet^—Chunb drmcnus. 12^ 

'cbrate a fappofed Mutyr to Popeiy, the office of confirination^, ** groapet to« 

make them ftt op a proceffion, ai if the gcthcr at many perfons as the rail of the 

Joang many who maDifedJy hanged £onimiiiiioii*ublewillholdyiiiftcad of ad^ 

imfelf, had been murdered by hit fa- dreffing die prayer to each perfos (efsral* 

iher, out of zeal againft Popery. There ]y." But a Tcry^ood reafoo may be giTCRy 

was m» fittfibltt ummUr^gd f^tQaicr of and fuch as, I am perfuaded, he wili 

tht nuboU trmnMiom at Tpulouft. After have no obje^ion to, however dcfirout 

/uch wicked folly, they were all inte- he may be to_fee the forms and ceremo* 



refted to maintain that impious procef* 
Hon. No worthy mind ever heard before 
of this Arange furmile. The pleadings 
of uninterefted Advocates at the revilal 



nies of the Eftabliihed Church (lri£^lf 
obferved, vix, that neither time, nor the 
ftrength of the officiating roioifter, would 
be fufficieoc to pronounce the bleffinf 



df the proccfs at Parity Mr. Swinboroe enjoined by the Kubrick to each indivi- 

craght to have feent they left no doubts diial feparately» It is a conftant cuftom 

Bor clouds. The bottom of that column, in the large and populous pariffies of the 

in Mr. Urban't Review, p. 338, will Northern counties to give the bread and 

prove what it is intended to prove. cup to fix or eight at a time, pronounc- 

YourSy &c. UuMANUS* io^ the words or admini Oration butooce. 

with the change of plural for iiogular 



'Mr. U KB AN, jMgitJI $. 

I HAVE great pleafure in communi* 
, eating to your correfpoiident a re- 
ceipt for dcftroying mice, which I can 
ptonounce to be fuccefsful. 1 have ne* 
▼■er had occasion to try it on rats, and 
Ihoutd rather doubt its efficacy on fo 



where neceflary. 



Cle&icus. 



Mr. Urban, Jim/f 13. ' 

THERE is no doubt but it is poffible 
for liehtoingto happc^ without be* 
iog fucceeded by a clap of thunder. In- 
deed, the evcoing of every very fuUry 

large an animal; but with mice it is day in the futnmcr puts the matter beyond 

never known to fail, doubt. I will not be pofitive in auert* 

Take a quarter of a pound of mux »ng. »hat the reafoo I am gdng to give, 

^fcmica, boil it two hours in three pints why lightning often happens wioiout 

of ivater, then deep in the infulioD, af- 
ter it has been made forty-eight hours, 

a pint of wheat, firft draining off the 

liquor from the fediment. The wheat 

muA be fteeped for forty-eight hours 

more. Lay a fmall quantity of this 

every night in platci near the holes of eJcaric fluid are of unequal quantities. 



thunder, is the only true one; but, from 
the generally-received theory of eleOri* 
citv, I hope your corrtfpondent J. O. 
will have no rea(bn to be diflatisiicd wi'k 
it. A flalh of ligfatoing may be occa- 
fioned two ways 1 i. when ftrata of the 



the n;icc, removing out of their way, as 
much at poHlble, any other food. The 
cfie£k is rapid i often in a manner in- 
Hantaneous, as tnany of them die in the 
«£l of piifcfing r and the otKeis, who 
arc not killed immediately, arc as infal- 
libly got rid of, fooner or Utcr, if they 
eat a fingle grain of wheat thus medi- 
cated. 



and oppoGce qualities, in any pan of. the 
earth and the clouds above it 1 a. when 
flrata of the ele£lric fluid are of unequal 
quantities, and oppofire qualities, in dif- 
tcrcnt clouds. In the firft cafe, the elec- 
tric fluid always Ariving to be in tqinU* 
briOf as fuon as the furcharged Aratum it 
drone enough to paft through the air, 
which, being a oon>condudor, makes a 



I have now a favour to requeft of very powerful refiftance, the minus juan- 



your correfpondents in my turn: the 
communication of a remedy, if remedy 
iliere bci, againft crickets, with which 
my houfe is infefled to a great degre^. 
Every thing I have as >et attempted 
has proved fruitleU. A dilTcrtation on 
this fubjc6l will be a valuable append- 
age to the roemoiri of black bceiics 
which have lately been introduced inio 
your ufefui Milccilany. G. 

Mr. Urban, AafuJI 11. 

YOU may inform yout LonJiarA Cor» 
rtjpondent^ that thcie is no autho- 
tity by which the Olihop of Londoo« ia 



tity of the one is redored to its equiUbri- 
um by the redundancy of the other, and 
the refifting medium of the air occalions 
the zigzag Tme of dire£Uon, and the cx- 
ploiion which we call thunder. In the 
fccond cafe, the fiafh is caufed by the 
fame principle ; but the body of air, 
through wiiich the eledric fluid pa (Tea 
from the forcliarged cloud, is fo much 
Jefs, and its rarity fo very much greater, 
that we may with reafon fuppofe, that the 
refinance is not fufiicient to make any 
explofion, or fuch an exploiion as ca« 
reach our e^rs. Cleric u«, 

* See the Xodex I<uUcaC9rius^ p. 659. 

BaRO« 



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OBttftVATtONt. 

Tune IT. A vmry <<ever« froft. 13. Bees begin to fwnrm. 25. Birds ceafe to f!n^ in the 
rmdi!leofil)C«lay. 26. Extremtly ^*oc 27. Wheal in bloom. 29. Thunder ftorm.— 
f dy 4. Thunder ftorm. 5. I huuvlcr at a fmall di(Unce. 9. Very cold, f o. Turnipi de- 
il roved by the fly 15. Remarkable honey-dews ever fmcc the beginning of thismooth. 
I-*. Swarms of bees, lats, few, ntul not itrong. iS. Corn not forwarder than Uft year. 



Mr. Urban, Ju^M/i S. 

IT »s furprifinR how little wc know of 
ihe natural hillory of our own coun- 
try I Lee all Englifli Naturahftft by re* 
ciprocal commuoicationi, endeavour to 
improve each othtr, and inform lb? in* 
cuiioui tD(i idle* 



At a village, (ituatcd about 3« miles 
W. from London, and in the vicinity 
of the Tham^s^'tbe undermentioned 
birds were this year firft heard and be* 
held 00 the days fpecifically noted : 

March 13. A pair of white wagtails^ 
Very ^( day, 

April 



1791.7 Information in Naturai HiJUrf^l^. Robcfrt Green* 725 



Afyril 3. A pair of fwillowt. Wind 
B. Great blight.— N. B. Perhaps thefe 
Mrds were tempted out by the royritds 
of ififedt. 

April 8. Wryseclu Wind KE. Fine 
wanti day. 

April 10. Cuckow. Wind SB* Cloudy 
and ofprefiiTe. 

April .11. Nightingale. Wind ditto. 
, Weather ditto. Redftart. 

April 10. Martins building^. 

June 29 Saw wryneck laft. 
' The number of fmall birds is nnu* 
ibalfy great this year^ a circumftance 
probably owing to the roildnefs of the 
two laft witrers, 

* Qu. Are the hirundor uncommonly 
numerous this fommer? If they are, the 
h6t will be an argument againft the 
ftippoAtion of their autumnal retreat to 
Senegal, though it will not prove that 
they do not retire to fome part of £u* 
rope. 

As the Memoirs of the Laufanne 
Phyfica' Society are not likely to fall 
vaio the hands of your readers, Mr. 
Urban, I wi(h that either your Re* 
•viewers, or one of your corfeipondents, 
would favour us with a tranilation of 
the- paper on " the Redftart," inferred 
in the laft volume publiflied by that 
Society. 

* Qu. What bird did Edwards (fee Pre- 
face to firft vol.) mean by *'che Greater 
RedOart ?*' Did that indefatigable Na- 
turalift notice more than one fort of that 
elegant bird ? A Faunist. 

P. S. Yellow lilies thrive \vell in a 
London garden.— Spread birdlime upon 
boards for beetles. 



Mr. Uriah, Wood-JIrect, Aug* 6. 

YOUR correfpondeot D.N. will find 
great fervice in frequently wafliing 
well with cletr water (from the rofe of a 
Vaieriifg-pot) the young leaves of his 
plants, as it takis off all iofeds, e||rgt, 
&c. As foon as the flowers of carnaaona 
are become withered they Ihould be pulU 
ed out, but not fo as to tr>jure the pod, 
^.here the feed grow*, that piace being a 
vtry 6ne harbour for earwigs, and then 
tbev may be eafily ^ot the better of. 
' Carnations require but little water i 
they grow heft in a foil made of loam, 
esnh dug out of the ground when dig* 
ing for a cellar, and dried boife-duog. 
Bat Nature is the beft in(lru6^or. Let 
him fee where tlie plant grovvs wild, ob« 
^^erve it, and he need not fear of (oou be- 
. ing able to cultivate it to perfection. 



Mr. Urban, * July 3 1 • 

TO the paiticulari already fumiihed 
vou refpeding Dr. Robert Greene, 
▼ol. LlIL pp. ia6, 6e7, you may add, 
from a letter of Mr. Tho. Baker to Mr. 
Thomas Hearne, dated 1730, and pre* 
ferved In the Bodleian librarv at Oxford, 
'* Dr. O, author of the philofophy, who 
died in Staffbrdfliire, ordered his bodjr 
to be differed by a flulful furgeon, hia 
ikeleton to be hung up in King's College 
library, for public ufe, without a mo- 
nument. The furgeon declined the 
work \ and the Provoft refafmg to admit 
the body, it was buried in All Saints at 
Cambridge. His will. In nine or tea 
ilieets, appointed for his executors the 
heads of Clare hall, St. John's, Trinity, 
Jefat, Sidney, and Chrift's colleges | 
moft of his effeds to his own college % 
but, if his will was not executed ia 
every pnrticularyto the above colleges ia 
fucceiiion." 

In another letter, dated 1734, Mr* 
Baker fays of Bifbop Burnetii ad vo- 
lume of the "Hiftory of his own Time,**, 
which he had juft read, that *' it is not 
ib entertaining at the fird, being lefs in* 
firu^ive, and written with more temper 
and refer ve. His life, by his fon, is the 
beft part of the book { which, if it ma/ 
be depended on, Ibew him to have bcea 
a great, and no bad, man ; and I can- 
not forbear thinking that his enemiea 
have blackened him beyond what he 
deferved. 1 have reafon to fpeak well 
of him, for he treated me with great 
humanity, as his letters to me will 
Ihew." 

The editor of Mr. Bigland's '« Gloa- 
cefterlhire Collections" miOakes in fay- 
ing of the ornaments of hiktflone church, 
p. 559, that *' accurate drawings and de- 
fer iptions of thefe difconferui were com- 
municated to the Stiity of Antiquariet 
by Samuel Lyfons, £iq. F.A.S. and 

fublifhed in the '* Arcbzoiogia," vol* 
X. p. 819, Mr. L's communication be-' 
ing of R^Jman difcoVeries at Comb^end 
farm near Cirencefter. Klkeflone it 
publifhed in the fecond number of hia 
•' Views and Antiquities*." 

Speaking of Btckford church, of 
Qkuitfiirfbiriy p. 146, Mr. B, or his edi- 
ror, fays, *' over the Nonh door remains 
a curious hiercglyphick ;" which, we 
luppofe, is like thofe at Quarringtoo, 
in the fsm« county. 

In dcl'cribing the monuments of James 
Lord Berke'ey and his grandlun Tho* 

-' — i 

f 3ee oar Rf vieW| p. 744. £ost. 

mas. 



in«t, i'45(, Mr. B. fpeakt^of t\it,mkr§ Ooagby of Perry Hall, in Sta0brd(hfre» 
under their hccdt as their cogniaaacCy Knt. to whom Ibe was direAed by Ad«- 
whtch I doubt» and rather iodtoa to miri^V. Merely for th^Aame^ and who 
laeliere their btlmtts/ tht ufuafpsitows. died fingle, April 28, i7to» hariog 
on which fiich figures recline their been preSqited to the re^ry of Han- 
beads. \^ilry in Worceflerihire, 1764, of the &•/ 

Of the two figures in Engli/k Bkkmmr^ inily of which place his father was a 

churchy wliich are engraved by Mr.' younger branch. Onhit deathyCharlea. 

Higland, he fajTtt " Whether the upper V..prefented WiUiam Hunter, M.A« 

figore be anecdefiaflickorfcmaleis left 1781, and the neat year Edward V«r 

to the dccifibn of more intelligent An« clerk. The prefentation of this perfoa 

ti<{Barics. TheeiRgiesof men are, al* occafioned very fenfibleand aeute <<OI>> 

moft withottt exertion, ntfitbsmi ar- ftrvatioos on the rapid Decline of the 

oiour in the age in which iltefe appear Clerieal Credit and Cbara£ler," Svo^ 

to hare been fculpturcd." The figure in 1782, (LII. 896.) attempted to be an« 

^ueftion is evidently that of a aid», and fwered in '* A Letter to the late Reifibor. 

l^e habit that of an ticUjiaflick, The of Bourton," which was very ably re* 

effigies of men from the earlieft anci« plied to in '* A Vindication of the Ob» 

^uity were. dreiTed in the two habits, fcrvations, &c." all the lame year, 
eccleiiafiical or military. The next prefentatioa, if not the ad* 

<* On the bafe of the window of the vowfan of the re6lory, was, if I mif*' 
South aile are three cumbtnt figures, take not, left 1761 by Mis. Dorothy, 
with a lamb couchaotat the feet of each: V. to All Souls College^ Oxford 1 buta. 
ihefe do not exceed a yard in length, caveat was entered, and the bequeft, 
Thefe are called by Dr. Parfons the after a long fuit, fet alide i and her cha* 
children of Thomas Lord Berkeley, viz. ritable legacy of 5401. to the poor of 
Thomas, Maurice, and Edmund, who this, Lower Slaughton, and Clopton pa« 
died in their infancy." See the account rifhes, is now in Chancery. It is be- 
ef thefe in Mr. Gough*s *' Sepulchral lieved the prefent incumbent purchafed 
Monuments," L 114, plate XLIV, the advowlon^ and, taking orders, pre- 

The name of Bpmrt§n ^m ite If^attr^ fented himfelf, or wai prefenud, on the 

antiently written BurgltM, implies a large refignation of Mr. Hunter, 
borough, which is confirmed by the The re£lor has only one- third of the 

ruins of many houfes to be feen often com and hay tithes here, but the whole 

after great rains. The manor belonged tithes of the com and hay in Slaugh* 

CO £v</S^a«i abbey 35 Henry in. I^a/- ton. Thirty acres of meadow, and 

Ur de BurgtoM held it 15 Edward III* eighty»five of arable, belong to the 

Jobn Kvuft and others 49 Edward III. glebe. The reflory-houfe is large, and 

After the diffolution it was granted, 4 welUbuiit of ftone. The church ia 

Eliz. to Edmund Lord Cbandotf whofe built of free-flone, and had a South* 

grandfon Grey fold it to Sir Thomas Ed* aile and centre tower; the length of the 

mondi, treafurer of the houfchold and whole was 180 feet by a 1 feet: the South 

pivy counfellor to Chailcs I. who(e aile, 25 feet in width, is called C/<//0is 

daughter married Henry Lord Dela* aile, becaufe built for the inhabitants of 

ware, .and their grandfon fold^t to thatparifli. The tower was fo very an* 

CkarUs 7rimUr, Efq. who held it in At* tient, as.to be afcribed by tradition to 

l.yns*s time. Ic came in 1764 to the the Romans^ by whom probably were 

family of the Ingrmms of Cotcle St. Al» only meant the Romam Cmiboiicks* The 

wyn's, now Tho. I. Efq. Mr.-C«/Z«l had pillars of the Nonh door were, alter* 

in Atkyns's time a handfome houfe and nately round and f'quare, and the capi* 

large cOate here. The re6lory is va« tals adorned with Saxon foliage. Here 

lucd at 2toI. per annum* George Ver* was a chantry in honour of the Virgin 

mn, re£lor of Sarfdcn, co. OxL held it Mary. Three inconfiderable brooks 

S767. It* came to the Vernon family meet in the parilh, from Guiting, 1 

about the beginning of this century. Slaughton, and Swell, and joining be* 

Henry and Caroline V. prelented his fon low what are from Sherburne, run 

Kichard, LL.B. 1720, on hii father's down to WiadruOi, under the name of 

death; and on his deceafe, 1752, Do* Windnifli river. 

rochy V. fpinficr, their relation, pre- UttbtrcH \% a hamlet of this pariih, 

fcnted William V. M.A. fecond Ton of held of the honour of Wallingford, 

Williim V. of Uorfington, CO. Lmcoln, under Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 25 

E:'q. bv Jane dauj^hter of Sir Hcory Edward I. belonging to Evcfbam ab- 
3 bey, 



«79«-1 



VUh & Villm in Itiaere ixfkhuS, 



7*7 



bey, and granted in tmft to Jtoics I* 
The parifli in Atkynt't time h«d 70 
hoofcs, and 3 50 inhabitant^ including 
35 freeholders. D. H» 

Mr. Urban, Jbtg.w* 

IN anfwcr to Mr. Green's enquiry, p. 
612, 1 would obferve, that Sir Henry 
Spelman, in his excellent Gloflary, thus 
defines vU/atit t ** Dicontur viiU imba^ 
hitsMles, vills quaii cominunitas." Offi* 
e«um Coronatoris. ** Statim accederc 
dcbcnt (coronatores) & flatim mandarc 
4 viiiatas vicina«, vel 5 vel 6, quod fint 
coiam ipfis in tali loco. Et infra appre- 
ciare faciant terras, blada Sc catalla, (!• 
tut ftanm vendere polCot & fiatim libe* 
rcotur toti villatm ad refpondeodum de 
praedi£^is coram jufticiariis." This will 
be ftill batter underftood upon compar- 
ing ic with the coroner's precept at 
prefent iflued to the conllables of the 
four, fife, or (ix next t9wnfliips, to re- 
turn a competent number of good and 
lawful men of their ivwnjhits to appear 
before him to make inquincion* The 
to<wnJbip firft give notice to the coroner; 
and, if the body is buried before he 
come, the t§'wn/bip (hall be amerced. 
In the antient records of Glaftonbury 
nbbey we find, *l*viUttta debet arare bis 
in fatiope hyemali," &c. Perhaps OfiV- 
lata was fynonymous with the r/illa di" 
midia, which is oppofed to viUa Uiegraf 
but not fufficiently defined. Spelman's 
Gloflfary, v. hamtl or bamielSt which is 
another fubdivifion mentioned in the 
Statuterof Exeter, 14 Ed. I. requiring 
the names di to^wtet In villa Of bamiets 
qui font en fon nnapintakt^ bumdrid^ ou 
Jramcbifgf and the attendance of eight 
men from each ville intien, fix from 
each demii vlUe, and four from each 
bamUttt *. Du Cange quotes Fleta, 
VI. c. 51, faying, **vUia ex pluribus 
manfionibtts ell vicinata,^ & vitlata ex 
pluribus vicinis." Chron. Job. Whet- 
hamiledii, p. 383, edit. Uearne. Copy 
of a bill prelenttd to the King by the 
Commons in Parliament, 1456, *' Ac 
etiam quod omnes honores caflra, domi- 
nia^ Vf/Z^r, villat^^ maneria, terras, be.** 
where Hearne's note is, ^^ villa ex muU 
tis conftat manfionibus ricinis, villata 
ex multis villis itidem vicinis: ita ut 

^ Entue viUagc& bir H. conjectures 10 
baye oonfifted of ten freemen or frank- 
pledges, demi -villages of five, aiul hamlets of 
le(s than hve. (Blackft. Introd. § 4< I* 11 5)* 
Villata inftfrtf, in the reGoi\l referred toby Mr. 
Grten, implies a divifioo of villata^ as well 
as vilii, into dimUtia* 



villata propria fit villa mafor^^yWUrwi 
plurium adunatio." Bp. Kennetdefioea 
it only, ** a fmall village, oppofed to 
burgMS, a larger town]" and fo it ia 
named in a charter of Edward I. 1188, 
cited by him, P. A. p. 301, *Mn omni« 
bus burgU 8c villatis noftris.^ 

The gold coins in your laft month, pw 
565, found near Croydon, are of the 
Kmperor Valentinian, who reigned frt>ai 
A D. 364 to 375 ; the firft has an in* 
fcription not given by Occo or Biragi^ 
TlCTOREf AVGVSTI, 

it being generally Vi£ioRi a atgq ; the 
two figures fitting ci owned by Vtftory 
reprelent the Emperor and his Ton Gra* 
tian, whom he declared Augufiui the 
year before, tr.ob. in the exergue, 
denotes that the money was coined at 
Iriirs. Trtviris objignata. This coin 
is of the year 368, m which he defeatetl 
the Alamanni, accompanied by bis fo» 
Gratian. The other is of his firft year, 
(Iruck at Antioch } ant. A. Antiotbi^t 
A. the fingic capital being put for i. 
Such coins were among the large parcel 
found on the common near the late Mr. 
Duberley's houfe, at Bentley, in Great 
Stanmore, 1781. Camden II. 31. 

P. 632. Mr. Butler's Lives of the 
Saints were fird publiihed in four vols. 
4to, 1725. * K, G^ 

Villa & Villata txflmntd. 

A VILLA was a town of any magni* 
rude : f^illata, the people, or ra- 
ther the chief men or community of the 
villa. By both was .meant an alTem- 
blage o\ ordinary people, inhabiting con- 
tiguous maofions. Vide Ingulphi Hif* 
toriam, apud Gall. p. 14 & p. 531 & 
Dugdale, Mon. I. p. 187 $ & Fleta, 
lib. vi. c. 51 } & Bra^on. fol. aja» 
434; & Speimanni Giodarium. A villa 
fi(*gly» if it were confiderable enough^ 
or, if fmall, with Tome others adjoining, 
compofed a dilhi£t or ty thing. Auxiliar 
villa were members or appendages to x\ym 
Mtiviliat called the ctf/ir/. Thefe dif- 
tri^s were divifions ot the hundred, as 
hundreds were divifions of (hires or pro- 
vinces. Each diltriil was adminillcred 
by a reeve and four men ; the latter were 
free tenants, or tenams in villeoage, as 
it happened. They feem to have been 
cbofcn y tally by the villata i it was their 
office to (uperintend weights and mea« 
furcs, and ailize of ale ; to apprehend tor 
murder I to let no perfon who was ot* 
free condition, but without malier oc 
property, live in the diftrtdi without 
pledges or bondfmen> who fliould be re- 

iponfible 



92S Villa &ViUau.~r^^£fi«y.~Xiif/MtfJ«c^. [Angull, 

IpORrxble far his behavioor to the diftrid* of that pbsoemenon remaiimig u maclk 

at the diftri^ was to the king, for the bid in obfcurity at heretofore, I would 

}(oo<i bcbaviovr of all perfons within the beg to remind your readers that the Tea* 

amt. Many other braochet of fubordi- fon mow it when thofe appearances are 

pau police beloneed to the officers and exhibited in the faireft light. 
nieD.of the diftricF. They co11c6led alfo In a fmali paddock near me there ia 

the hydage and other talliaKes for the the fioeft fpecimea of Fairy-rin|s I have 

%tnf[t and compofed a jutifdiSion. When ever noticed ; having, at this time, th« 

the kings, juftires, or barons, made their circles or ellipfcs of nearly t^utntj al«^ 

hin throughout die realm, the reeve and ready perfected, beiidcs many otbera 

liii four atfociates of each villa were which are in an unfiniihed &ate. I 

fummoned to attend them at the place purpofe making repeated obfervatioot 

appointed, and anfwered tu fuch things thereon, with a view of getting one flep 

at the jttdiccs charged them with. See nearer to a difcovery of the caufe of 

IJovcden, pp. 549, '7^4, & Capitula Iti* thcfe appearances; and, (bould any of 

Bcruro in Cronicts, Fieta, Braaon« &c. i your correfpondents favour me with 

& Speimaooi Glodartum in Vocibus bints of the different kinds of obferva* 

Tkrtf, yUlata, DectttuQ, Framcepledpum, tions neceffary to be made on this occa* 

ice. . For neglcds charged upon nftUmtie, (ion, their communications will be re* 

and puntfhcd, fee MadoXf £xch. in J^ ceived with plea(ure by A. Crocker* 
murcioMunts^ S. N. R. ■ 



Mr. Urban. Jbg, 14. 



Mr. Urban, ^H*ifi 'o* 12^ ^ obliging as to acquaint yoar 

C3L. TOWNLEY, in hit" Journal X3 correfpondent T. T. that, about 

in the Ide of Man, 1789,^' juQ pub* feven years ago, my houfe (which is aa 

liflied, fays, *< I bad often admired, old, large manfion) was infeflcd with 

with a kind of wonder, thofe green rati and mice, in the (ame manner at 

lings fo often obfervable upon many dry he dcfcribes his to be. I tried every 

heaths and commons in various parts of common method to deAroy them, by 

England, called by the common people poifon, traps, rat-catchers, &c. ; but to 

F^ry- rings \ and one day determined, if no purpofe : the latter, by their Oil of 

poflible, to find cut the rcafon \«hy they Rhodium, and other drugs, left me aU 

werc generally feen in that circular ways more than they found. Having 

form, and i^hy too the grafs growing beard that chefe vermin had a particular 

upon them ibould be fo diftinguifbable antipathy to terriers, I got a couple of 

from that upon the furrounding turf by the true, fmall, (hort-legged breed, and 

a riclter or deeper tinge of green. I cut ihnt them up in thofe placet where the 

upfevcral foUs as deep as the fine mould rats generally frequ«;nted, which, in my 

reached, by «which means I found fcve- houie, were principally the garrets and 

ral brown grubs, fome mof inf , and (bme ftore^rooms. in a very few days I had 

in a Aate of quietude } but the greateft not a rat or moufe about the place, nor 

number of them in motion, with their have 1 ever been troubled with tbcm 

heads in the felf fame diieAion as if iince. Now and then we hear a moufe { 

they were purfuing each other. I found I put my terrier into the room the noife 

the foil under the rings to be far better is heard in, and get rid of it immedi- 

pulverifed than that under thefurround* ately. A friend of mine, who lives in 

in^ heath, where thpre were no infe6^s London, in one of the ftreets leading to 

\iliblei and the (late of the foil v\ ill ta* the Thames, was over-run with the 

(lly account for the deeper tinge uf green large water-rat from the river. I fcQC 

in the grafs growing upon them ; but him a terrier, and the rats took flight, 

why thofe in(c£ts fliould fo invaiiably As it is difficult to keep dogs in town, 

work and move in a arcttUr J9rm is a* he has loA feven of tbcm; in that cafe^ 

hove my comprehcnfion ; therctoie, will the rats always retuia. 
tVecly leave rhe Haunch believers in fairy I moft heartily agree with your cor* 

rules in full and peaceable pc^'ttfion of refpondent, that getting rid of fuch a 

tlieir circular property**' i. 208. nuifance i» of great importance, if the 

Youis, &c. P. Q^ comfort and happinefs of life can be ac« 

•■*■— counted fuch. Many a night's reft have 

Mr. Urban, Frpme, Aitg, 6. thole vermin deprived mc of, as well aa 

UCH, of lare, bns been faid in the whole of my family ; and I (hall be 

• the Gentle iiian*s Magiizine about extremely happy if this mode of driving 

tatry-rings't but as it has been only them off fucreeds as well with this een* 

*' About u &ud about it," and tlic ori^a tleman as ii has done with me. A. ^« 

Pi'.' 



M" 



1791.1 f 729 ] 

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1791. (Continued frm p. 6^0.) 

H. OP COMMONS. H* Brovmi brought in ai bill for the pre. 

itay 16 cMtinufd, vcntioti of fi£U(k>us chamftcrt bcioe 

A PETITION, complaining of an given to ferrtnts within the precin£ts oi 

uodue return for Stirling, was pre* London and We(lminft«r $ wlucK wat 

feoted, read, and ordered to be nkenin- read the 6rft time. 

ID confideration on Friday, the x6th day The CboMctUor oftbt Excbequer pre« 

of Auguft next. fented a meffage from his Majel^y, wifli* 

Mr. HBbart brought up the report of ing the Houfe to make provision for the 

ti^ Coodmitrce on the Quebec Conflitu- younger branches of the Royal Family t 

tion bill ; when which he moved to be referred to the 

Mr. Fox faid, he (hould take the fenfe confideration of- the Committee of Supply 

of the Houfe on tv^ points in it; (irft, on Fridav next. Ordered, 

on tbe claufe providing hereditary legif* The Quebec bill was read the third 

Intort for Upper aou Lower Canada 1 time, and paifedk 

fecondly, on the cUufe admitting the The Houfe then went into a Commit? 

Dumber thirty to be foflicient for tfve Af- tee of Ways and Means , when 

Icmbly of Lower Canada. He would not The CbanctUor of tbt Bxcbequtr opea- 

crouble the Houfe with arguments on the ed hit annual budget, and delivered the 

fubjc£^, having given his ^ntiments fully ihorted fpeech that has been made upon 

when the bill was in the Committee. this fubje& for ftveral years. The items 

Col. Siau§e fpoke in favour of the of the annual expenditure be briefly (Isted 

whole bill, and was confident that it as follows : Navy, 1,131,0001. ; Army, 

wbuld be agreeable to the inhabitants of 1,853,000]. ; Ordnance, 443,6791.1 Mif- 

both. provinces. cellaneous fervices, 230.0001. Bwfidet 

The queftion was then put on the fir (I thefc, he dated fome other particulais, 

claufe $ on which the Houfe divided, the total of which amounted, be faid> t9 

Ayt% 88, Noes 39. 5,728,000 1. He then enumerated tl>^ 

Upon the fecond claufe being read, taxes for the fupply of this fund, and 

The CboMCilior of tb$ Excbtquir mov- Hated, that their total exceeded their ex- 

•d an amendment, to leave ont the word penditute by a few thoufand pounds i and 

ibiriyf and infert//?y. concluded with moving, *' that, towaros 

Mr. Fm^ objected to this number as the fupply to be granted to his Majef^y, 

dill infufficient, and divided the Houfe on the fum of 2,575,000!. be iflued out of 

his propofition of infertiog the word^ cat the growing furplus of the Confolidated 

bundrtd. The Houfe dividing, there Fund." 

appeared for Mr. Fox's amendment, Mr. SbtrUan faid, that the cxpendt- 

Ayes 40, Noes 91. ture of the prcfent year was greater bv a 

■ ■ - ■ ■ no lefs fum than i»)00,ooot. th<n it had 

H. OP LORDS. been predicted by the Revenue Commiu 

Msf 17. tee of 1786; and what was then allowed 

In a Committee of Privileges, heard to be the permanent peace eftablifhment 

counfel infupportof LordCaHledewan's was at lead half a million beyond what 

claim to the title of Ochiltree, who con- it had been computed by that Committer. 

eluded their cafe. After a long altercation between M^« 

_ Pin and Mr. SbtrJdan^ the quefUon was 

la the Commons, the fame day, the put, and carried, 

report of the Committee appointed to try — — -. 

the merits of the Downtoo ele£l«oQ, H. of lo&ds. 

ftated, that B. Bouverie, efq. and Sir May i^, 

William Scott, were duly elcacd* Received from the Commons the Qyc- 

■ ■ bee Conditution billf which was read 

H. OF LoK,Dt. Che firft time. 

May 18. — » ■ ■ 

The pawnbrokers bill, the oyfter fifli- In the Commons, the fame day, Wat 

cry bill, and feveral private bills, were read the fiift time a bill for the bccter re* 

brought up from the Commons, and read gulatioo of the manner of liccnfing pub^ 

the nrft time* &-honfes. 

■ Mr. Mebart brought op the report of 

Id the Commons, the fame day, Mr. the Commitiee of Ways and Meant, 

OtMT. Mao. Jviif/f, 1791* wlucb 

6 



730 ParltannntMryProcitdings if Lords and Common$fw 1 791. [ Auguft^ 



which was read the firft and fecbnd cimey 
aod agreed to. 

Mr. Hujey obje£^d to the lottery, at 
de(lru£Hve of the morals and ioduftry of 
the people. 

The Cbmncelhr §f tbi Exchequer rc- 

J»lied, that, as people would gapible, the 
otcery might be looked on as a tax 01^ 
that vice. 

The Attorney Gemral moved for leave 
to bring in a bill for eftiblifliing a court 
of civil jurifdi6Uon in Newfoundland, to 
extend only to cpntra^s, accounts, and 
perfonal trefpaft, and to be limited for a 
year. 

Mr. Af. if. Taylor^ and the two Mr. 
ia/lardsy obje&ed to the court already 
exifting in that ifland, as an inconveni- 
ence, nay, as a nuifancei the trade of 
that country was on a rapid decline, and 
likely to be fo; it was, therefore, the 
' wifdom of the Executive Government to 
encourage it. 

The bill was read the firft time. 

Mr. Dundast after prefacing his mo- 
don, by depi^in^ many inconveniences 
chat Teamen, marmes, and the relations 
of thofe who were deceafed, labour un- 
der, previous to obtaining their wages, 
- moved for leave to bring in three bills 
for the more cffe£(ually redreifing that 

Sievance 1 which being given, Mr. Pitt, 
[r. Dundas, the Attorney and Solicitor 
General, and Mr. Martin, were ordered 
to prepare, and bring in, the Came. 

H. OF LOS.DS* 

May ao. 
Hefumed the fanher confideration of 
the caufe Lick borrow foirfus Malon, and 
difpatched fcveral private matters of 
courfe, and adjourned till Monday. 

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. 
Fowyt prefented a bill for the regulation 
of gaols ; which was read the firu time. 

Mr. Fex was confcious that every mem* 
ber of that Houfe was fo well acquainted 
with bis duty, as to know it was a prin* 
cipal part ot it to watch the Executive 
Government. He then, in a long fpeech, 
went through the whble do^rine of libels, 
and the proceedings of the Court of 
King's Bench in ^uo If^srranio caufes, 
and moved for a Grand Committee of 
Courts of Judice to (it on Tuefday next 
to confider thofe fubjef^s. 

Mr. Krjkme fecondcd the motion, con- 
tending, that the ciiminal juftice of the 
country ought to remain in the hands of 
the people. 

' The Attor»tj Gewirai agreed that fome 



meafure ought to be adopted f he could 
not, however, agree to the fitting of -tho 
Grand Committee, as that would induce 
the people to imagine that the conduct of 
the Judges was cenfurable. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer per* 
fe£kW agreed with Mr. Fox in his opiniont- 
but fuggefled, that the better mode would 
be by a dire^ motion for a bill for that 
purpofe. 

Mr. Fox hereupon withdrew his mo* 
tion, and afterwatds moved " for leave to 
bring in a bill to remove all doubts re* 
fpe^ing the rights and tun6lions of Juries 
in criminal cafes 1" and ^ for leave to 
bring in a bill to explain and amend the 
Sluo fVarranto ad." 

Leave was granted; when Mr. Fox^ 
Mr. Erfkine, and the Attorney and So* 
licitor General, were ordered to prepare^ 
and bring in, the fame. 

H, OF Lords. 
May 13. 
Proceeded to WeAminfter-hall, on the 
trial of Warren Haftingi, efq. 

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. 
Alderman Watfom moved, that the next 
morning the Houfe ihould refolve itfelf 
into a Committee, to confider of a claufe, 
which he had to propofe, for th'e ware* 
houiing of foreign corn \ on which the 
Houfe divided ; when there appeared for 
the motion 59, againft it 48. 

B. OF LORDS. 
May 24. 
Lord KenyOM came to the Houfe foon 
.after two o'clock, to officiate for the Lord 
Chancellor; and, prayers being over, 
they proceeded to read a number of pri- 
vate bills. 



In the Commons, the fame day, the 
Speaker informed the Houfe, that the 
Lords had infringed the privilege of the 
Houfe, by amending thofe claufes in a 
road bill which impofed certain tolls. He 
fiated two ways by which the privileges 
of the Houfe were to br maintamed ; the 
firft, if the Houfe thought proper to ac* 
quiefce in the amendment, wab to throw 
out the prefent bill, and bring in another 
with an altered title, and the amended 
claufes ; or, if they rejc£led the amend* 
ments, to demand a conference, and give 
their reafons againft the alterations made 
by their Lordihipi. 

Mr. Peibam approved of the latter 
mode I and moved, firft, to negarive the 
amendment I which being agreed to, he 

next 



1 791*] PartUmentary Proceedings, tf Lords and CimmoHi for 1791. 731. 

next mdved, that a tonference be deilred fonnation as would at once convince and 

with the Lords, aod that a Committee be gratify every patriotic miod. He then 

appointed to draw up reafons againfl ^ proceeded to Aate the grofs and nett rc- 

amendment. Ordered. venues of each fettlcment^ beginning 

In the Committee on the com bill, with that of Bengal, referring the Corn- 
Mr. Alderman #Wy^ moved his pro- mittee to each account, with the eftimates 
mifed claufe for the warehoufing of fo- of the preceding years, together with 
ragDCorni which was carried without a that of 1791, pointing out the actual 
divifion. amount received in each of thofe years^ 

Oo the motion for the Houfe to go in- the furplus, and deficiency in a£lual re* 

to a Committee upon the bill fur veAing ceipt, &c. 
JO Carl Cornwallit further powers; Bekcal. £, 

Mr Frmncis oppofcd the motion. The Total revenue 5,620,656 

bill, be f aid, was fo fundamentally bad. Total charges 3,1201148 

that he could not confcientioudy give his ■ 

aiTeot to its pairing a fingle fbgeTarther. Nett revenues 1,500,5^ 

He declared it to be his convitiion, that Fort St. George. 

the Houfe ought to condemn, inflead of Total revenues 1,255,897 

giving its fan^ion to, the refolution of Total charges 1,647,926 

the Council of Madras in delegating their —>»'■' — 

powers, which was not only illegal, but Deficiency 392,119 

dangerous. Bombay* Rupees. 

hit, Hipptfiiy condemned the refolu- Total Rvenucs 1,191,627 

tion, and was againft the Houfe going Charges 4,902,676 

into a Committee on the bill. His next flep was, to (late a compari- 

Gen. Smith gave his fupport to the fon of the edimatcd and a6lua1 amount 
^11, conceiving its provifions to be the of the revenues of the £a(l Indfa Corn- 
only remedy that could be offered for the pany in the provinces of Bengal, Bahar, 
prefent (late of affairs in India. and Orifia, and from Benares and Oude, 

Mr. Fox objeflcd to the bill, becaufe under the heads of Mint duties, Poft- 

it inveiicd the Governor-general with office colleAions, Benares revenue, Oude 

abfolute power $ a remedy, whenever fubfidy', Land revenues,Cu(loms,Receipti 

applied, that was, in his opinion, in any from thefalesof fait and opium for the year 

poflible cafe, uowife and defperate. 1789*90; and the charges defrayed by 

Mr. Dundas faid, the bill was not to the faid Company in ihe (aid provinces^ 

create an abfolute power in India, but under the heads of Civil, Military and 

inerelv calculated for the purpofe of re- Marine, charges of Building, Foninca* 

moving any doubts that mi^ht be enter- tions, collecting the Revenues and Cuf* 

tained upon the a£ls that mi^ht be done, toms, and the advances and charges on 

or doing, in confequence of the refolution account of fait and opium for the faid 

of the Bengal Government. The bill year. He then proceeded in the fame 

was then gone through, and ordered to manner through the ^ remaining Prefi- 

he reponed. dencies. 

The Houfe havicg refolved itfclf into The next (latement contained an ac* 

a Committee of the whole Houlc on the count of the expcnces of the lil^nd of 

finances of India ; St. Helena, and the faRory of Canton, 

Mr. /)«W/i/ congratulated himfelf and for three years, together with the ex- 

the Houlc ppon the fopeiior advantages pencesof the Prefidency of Fort Marlho* 

wiih whicl) he was enabled to come for- rough and its oependencies, the netc 

wardf and lay before them fuch a Aate- charges of which, for 1789-90, were 

menc of our affairs in India, as was not eflimated at 34»599t* 
only gratifying in its nature, but, con- He alfo dated an account of the amount 

trary to thoie i^hich had preceded it in of Foit William, Fort St. George, and 

former years, accurate and determinate Bembay, for Tales of impoft goods and 

in its det9il. Upon all former fimilar (lores, and for certificates on the Court 

occafions, he had been obliged to content of Directors, within the lafl thrcr years 

himfclf with fuch accounts as he could refpe£bively ; which, 00 an average;, a- 

impcrfe£lly procure; but, from having mounted to 3,737,600!. Thcamountof 

as uniformly dated, in his difpatches to the debts iibbfcribci; id India between the 

India, thofe impcrfe£lions, he had at 30th cf April, 1789. and the 3o;h of 

length the pleafure of being enabled to April, 1790, agrceab'y to the orders of 

lay before this country fuch a train of in« the i5tb of Scpicmbtri 17^5^ and the 



y 3a ParUamenittry Proeadingi of Lords and Commons for 1791. f Auguft, 

31ft of July, 1787, iiDCunted to At Fort Marlborough 116,384 

3S>i3«»50oI. The bond md other debu At St, Helenm 77»a55 

owing by the Eift India Compiny at ■ ■ 

their fcveral Prcfidencicf, according 10 Total • 8,394,86a 

the iateft advices, amounted as follows : Having dwelt on thefe articles even 

Total debts in India £.70,566,516 to a degree of miDUtenefsy Mr. Dundas 

Toul annual intereft 4,471,066 recapitulated the whole; and, haviae 

The balance of caih in the treafury of flruck a balance betwixt the receipts and 

the Eaft India Company, on the ift of difburferoents, a furplus would appear 

March, 1790, and their receipts and pay- on this budget in favour of the Compa- 

.mcnts in England from the ill of March, ny to the amount of 1,500,0001. and 

1790, to the ill of March* 1791, was upwafda; he then flated the appropria- 
6,710,9101. The fums paid for cufloras, tion of laft year** budget, and named 
freight, and demurrage, goods and ftores the items down to io,oooL It was im« 
exported, India debt, bills of exchange poflible to ftate with aYiy degree of cer- 
from China, &c. &c. &c. amounted to tainty how far this furplus would he 
51789,5671. which left a balance in fa- permanent under the circumHanccs of a 
vour of the ift of March, i79t» of war, of the fucceft of which. he did not 
921,3431. holdout any fanguine hopes; nor yet 

The eftimates of the receipts and pay* would he join with thofe who Would 

ments from the ift of March, 1791, to hold out a gloomy pidure. He wilhed 

the id of Mard), 1792, amounted as for peace; he was not the author of ^tbat 

follows : war, nothing was more advcrfe to hit 

Receipts - • |C*^>9S^*^^7 withes. Mr. Dundas propofeda ftring 

Payments • . 6,567,612 of refolutions, grounded 00 the ac- 

— " counts ; and concluded with faying, that 

Balance in favour of id 7 iqi oc< ^^* day, very probably, was not far 

March, 1791 * j 39 > .5 diftant, when the finances of India 

The prime-cod of all cargoes pur* would be a fupport to the finances of 

chafed in India and (hipped for Europe this country. 

in the year 1789-90, amounted to Mr. Fo;r declared the quedion he bad 

1,015,615!. The debts of the Ead In- aiked on a former day to be completely 

<ii?i Com'panv (cxclufive of the debts anfwered by the latter part of the Hon* 

tranffcrrcd from India), and the cflfcfls Gentleman's Ipeech, which cxprefsly 

of the Company b England and afloat fiattd, that the finances of England 

o'jtward, as they Hood on the ill of would be in a ihort time aflified by the 

March, 1791, together with the balance finances of India. He could not help 

of the quick (lock in China, accoroing admiring with how many guarded ex* 

to'the Uteft advices, appeared to be : prcffions the Hon. Gentleman made this 

Owing by the Company iC«>3»978,43^ aflcrtion, and what confiderable paina 

OwingtoihcCompany,&c. 13,695,118 were taken to impress the Committee 

'^ that be was not the author of the war 

Balance agzinil - 2S3.318 now carrying 00 in India. He was cer- 

Skies ofgoods between the ill of uin that the cxpcnces of it would far 

Marcli, 1790, and the 1 ft of March, 1791, exceed the income, and, according to 

after paying all expences, was ilatcd at the bcft calculation, would beat the rate 

I 43S»SS**» Sales of goods from China of three millions a-year. 
during the fame period, after paying all Mr. Hip^flif wifhcd that a peace was 

expences, 2,009016!. Bond and ether concluded. He read an extrad from a 

debts of the Company in Great Britain, letter written during the government of 

as ihe fame Hood on the irt of M-rch, Lord Macartney, which ftt foith the 

1791, 8,888,8981. policy of maintaining a peace in India. 
Stock ptr computation, as it ftood on Mr. P. Bmfiild had no: had fiifficient 

the I ft of March, 1791, T/ia:. buildmgs time to ie»d the papers. He ihould 

at.d fot^ificationfc, plate, houfehold fur- therefore move, that the Chairman do 

uuuie, plantations, faims,flavc$,lloops, report progr efs, and aik leave to < fit 

V( Ifcio, and ftores, not iuUuded in quick again. 
Hocks: Mr. DunJas could not agree to the 

At Bengal £4*678, 204 motion of the Hon. Gentleman. 

At Fort St. George 1,796,47a Mr. Pultcney concurred with Mr, 

At Qombav i;7 16,547 Dundas. 

The 



i 791O TarSamentarf Prucctdings of Lords add Commons for 1 791 . 733 

The ChanetUor of tb« Exchtqittr pa^d H* O F LORDS, 

many complinients to the accurate and May 26. 

clear manner in wh?ch his Hon. Friend Lord Kenyon again preBdcd Ibr the 

(Mr. Dundas) bad hid his (latements Chancellor. 

before the Committee. He had heard A meflage came from the Ccmmoiif» 

DO fiT\9}t ftateme^nt contradicted, and requiring a confercncci which was agreed 

therefore he fhould oppofe the mo- to. 

tion. ' — — '■■■■ 

General Smttb Aid> it was it1n;^6¥!it)Te Tn the Commons, the fame day > Lord 

to form any opinion of the ftatemcAts SbiffUld prefented a petition againft the 

without further confederation. Newfoundland JudJcamre bill. 

The Chairman then put the motion, The repon of the^ India Budget ^t 

that he fhould report progrefs, and afk brought up, read a firil and fecond timc^ 

leave to lit again ; which was negatived, and agreed to. 

without a divifion. __— 

The original refblutions were put, H. OF L o 1. D s. 

and carried { after vyhich the Houfe Mof tj» 

adjourned. The Loids went in their robes to 

■ '■■^ WeOminOer-hall, to the adjourned trial 

H. 6 F L o R D 8. of Warren Haftings, Efq. Their Lord- 

May ±^, fhips then adjourned to the Houfe o£ 

Tlieir Lordlbips went in their robes Lords, where, their Lordfliips having 

to Weftmin(ler*hatl, ai|d proceeded in unrobed, the firft order of the day was 

the trial of Warren Haflings, efq. read, '* That all the Lords bcfummoned 

to attend a conference with the Cdm- 

In the Commons, t*he fame day, Mr. mons in the Painted Chamber, on the 

Jcjf brought in his bill declaratory of fubjeftof the Su flex Highgate road bill}** 

the rights of Juries to give a general which conference was refpefling an a- 

' verdifb on all criminal cafes, whenever mendment made thereto by their Lord- 

a general ifl'ue was joined between the ibips ; to which amendment, as it was a 

parries. money bill, their Lordfliips denied a con* 

The bill was read the firft time. currence in conference. 

. Mr. Fox moved, that the bill be read The Duke of Richmond moved, " That 

a fecond time. a Committee be appointed to draw up 

' Mr. MitforJ and the Attorney General and ftate the reafons of the alteration." 

were oF opinion, that, on a bill of the The reafons, we underftand, for aN 

irhportance of that now before the tering the bill were, there was a claufe 

Houfe, Gentlemen fliould paufe before which exempted Gentlemen's carriages 

they gave their ^ifent to its fecond read- from paying the loll, 
ing : they both entreated Gentlemen to 



give the bill a moft fcrious attention. In the Commons, the fame dav, Mr. 

Mr. Erjk'me faw no neceflity whatever Gray prefented a petition from the deb- 

to paufe ; but bad no obje6lion to a tors conBned in the King's Bench prifon, 

paufe that might not, in the latenefs of ftating tlieir extreme mifery, and pray- 

tbe fefBon, prove fatal tf> the bill. ing the Houfe to appoint Commiffionera 

Mr. Fox moved, that the bill be read to enquire into the number of perfoni 

a fecond time on Friday, and that it be illegally detained, and into the number 

printed. Ordered. of thofe who, after having offered their 

The ftate of the nation having been «ll to their creditors, were forced to piae 

fcvcral times before difcuifcd in both *nd languifh in a prifon. It was too 

Houfcs, and fully derailed, we (hall la^c in the prefent feilion to enter on the 

only on the prefent occafion mention, bufmefs j but he intreared the Genileroea 

that io Adminiftration to provide medical af- 

Mr. 7'. Crena/t/le made his promifcd fiftancc for the prifoners, who were at 

motion, the purpofe of which was, to prefent without any fuch affiftance, or 

move an humble addrtf* to his Majcfty, without any ^artment for the fick. 

to ofl*cr fuch counfel and advice as it Mr. Powy§ fpokc alio for the provi- 

bccame the duty of his feithful Cora-- ^^^ of medical (kill, 

mons to offer on the prefent important Mr. Sheridan made his promifed mo- 

fituation of affairs ; which wa« nega- tion relative to the Royal Boroughs of 

lived/ Ayes 114, Noei loS. Scotlandi whole grievaoces he ftated ta 

be. 



f^^P^l'^^^^^ Proceedings of Lords and Commons for 179 1. [Augul^^ 



be, firft, that the M«gi(lratc» liTumed an 
illegal right of levying money ; fecond- 
)y, that they, without controul, took 
lipon thcmfclves the appropriation or 
alienation of fuch mooey ; thirdly* that 
they elc6^ed thcmfclves. contrary to law 
ami charter; and, fourthly, that there 
WIS no competent Court of Judicature in 
alt Scotland to take cognizance of any of 
ikofe grievances. ^ - 

Mr. Anfiruthtr oppofed the motion, 
afferting, that no fuch grievances had any 
•xiAence4 

Mr. Dttndas ohferved, that, if the 
Hon. Gentltman would, early in the 
»e« fcfiion, move for a Cpmmittce of 
the whole Houfe to confidcr of any dif- 
liofk pfopofnion, he would make no op- 
.po6tion to fuch motion. 

Mr. Ux faid; the ftatement of the ex- 
tftence of the grievances ought to induce 
the Houfe to go into a Committee there- 
on. He fuggefted, in cafe the motion 
Ikottld not b« adopted, to move a refolu- 
tion to take up the bufincls early in the 
■cxt feilion. 

Mr. Sheridan's motion was then put, 
nod negatived without a diviGon j and 
Mr. Fox's motion a£;rccd to. 

Mr. LovtdiH, after making fevcral 
obfcrvations upon the illegahty and dan- 
gerous cttc£^s that might refult to the 
conAitution by delays in an impsach- 
meot, moved an humble addrcfs to his 
Majurty, not to prorogue his Parliament, 
wnril the evidence agai.iJt Mr. Haftings 
was clofed, his defence given in, and 
ju<!gtment pronounced. 

Mr, Dun^at oppofed the motion, 
which he confiJcrcd to be neither more 
nor Icfs than a rcqu (ition to the King to 
delegate his prcn^^at vc in:o the hands 
.ot the Lords, MV. Haftmgs, and the 
Commons, until they (hould think pro- 
per fo permit the ItlTion to be clofed. 

Maior Scott was K»r the addrcfs ; as 
were Mr. llurke and Mu Fox, the latter 
of wnom moved 10 add the wordii, or 
fomt furtbir pro^ujs made. 

The Majlerof the Rolls and the Cbah- 
€tllor 9j the Excbtquer faid, tlicy (liould 
give their negaiivc both to the amcnd- 
mciu and to ine original motion. 

Tnc qucflion wab put on the amend- 
ment, and negatived by a divifion. Ayes 
61. Nue« 144. 

The bill tor raifing n^w duties on re- 
ceipts and bills of exchange was read ihe 
ihtrd time, and palTcd to the Lords. 

The corn regulating bill was read the 
third time. 

Mr. Alderman Watjon moved to b« 



added to the bill, by way of rider,- the 
claufe ae:rced to in the Committee foe 
warehouiing foreign corn. 

Mr. Ptlbam |nd Mr. Harrifo^ depre- 
cated tlie meafurc, as injurious to the 
landholder and the farmer, and, confe- 
qucntly, to the agriculture of ihe country, 

Mr. Alderman Curtis znd Mr. ffilbsr' 
fares fpoke in fupport of the claufe, as 
tending to keep down the price of bread, 
which was now too high tor the manu- 
fa6iurers in the metropolis and the coun-« 
try. 

Mr. Ryder faid a few words on the 
policy of the claufe, which, on the qucf- 
tion being nut, was carried by t divifion* 
Ayes 81, Noes 51. 

H. OF LORDS. 

May 30. 
After reading feveral bills in their 
different ilages, their Lordlhips ad- 
joumed to Wcflminfler-hall, to proceed 
on the trial of Warren Haftings, efq 

The Houfe, on their return, being 
refiilvcd into a Committee on the Que- 
bec Government bill, Lord Catbcart in 
the chair, their Lord (hips proceeded to 
hearcounfel on a petition from the mer- 
chants of London, prefented by Lord 
Rawdon, again ft the bill. After the 
counfel had concluded. 

Lord GnnvilU, in a fpecch of fome 
length, pointed out the good effe£lf th^ 
were likely to arife from the prefent 
bill ; the created boon that Government 
could beitow upon Canada was, a par- 
ticipation of that government that was 
enjoyed by other Britilh colonies, name- 
ly a mixture of arifiocracy, democracy, 
and monarchy. The Noble Lord theo 
went through the various claufes of the 
bill ; which, he faid, were aHimilated 
as neatly to the Btitiih Conftiiution at 
ctrcumdances would admit. 

Loid Abingdon gave his hearty aifent 
to the piefent bill, becaufe it went te 
repeal the 14th and i6tii of his piefeot 
Majefty, namely, the Quebec bill, and 
the Declaratory a£t ; and becaufe be 
held it as policy that the Government of 
Britain lliould referve to itfelf a comroul 
over the le^iflature of its colonies. 

Lord Rawdon laid theie was a defici- 
ency in the prelcnt Dill, andpomtedoMt 
tke defects. 

Lotd F.ortcbeftgr was averfe to a divi- 
fion of the province, and to the Ciown 
having a power to infringe upon the 
rights of cleflion. 

Lord Gre/iV'Me f|>oke in reply. 

Lord Stormoat thought the mode that 

waa 



179*0 ParRamtfiiarj Prccadings of Lords and Commcns for 1791. 735 

was purfued of hearing the bHl at that The Mafler of ibi Rolls was of a con- 

late hour, was to furprize their Lord- trary opinion. Inftances, he faid, ha4 

ihips' wifdom into midnight approbation, been known of profecurort tampering 

Lord LcttgbboroMgb faid, the comrner- with the pnioner to compound the ie- 

cfil laws (hould be the fame throughout lony. 

the whole province. He dwelt much Mr. Hmffey thought the bill a dan. 

upon the uqdoubted neceflity there was gcrous expeiiment; the good tfrt6l8 o£ 

of having independent Judges, and of the law, as it ftood at piefeot, wesv 

Ibrrotng a full and direfi eftabliihment every day felt ; he (hould, therefore, 

of the criminal law of England in Ca- move, That tl^ Chairoian do leave the 



nada. He concluded with faying, the 
Aibiiftence of the clergy (hould not be 
precarious. 

Lord GreMviHi fpoke in reply. Two 
claufes were then gone through, with- 
o«c any amendment, and the chairman 
reported progrefs. 



chair. 

Mr. Mainwaring agreed with Mr, 

HuiTcy. 

Serjeant ff^atfon pointed out the bad 
eflFcfls of the law as it now ftands witli 
regaid to thofe rewards, particularljr 
with regard to the lliicf-cakers. Thofe 
that prolccuted for the ends of puWie 



In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. juftice, would be rewarded thole that 

l>iriv^Af brought in two feparate biils fur did nur, wguld be treated as they de- 
thc encouragement .of feamtn in the fcrved. 



Mr. HufTey's motion was negatived, 
without a divifion; after which the bill 
was ordered to be reported. 

On the motion that the Sierra Leonm 
bill be read the third time; 

Mr. Canvtborne moved, That the in- 
(Iruracnt by which King Tom, under 
his mark, bad ceded iliiat ifland u> bit 
Majelty, be read. He then went i»to a 
(hoit hiftory of the Colony from the 
year 1787, when Capt. Moafon 



royal navy — to prevent frauds in the 
payment of Teamen's wages — and for the 
more fpeedy recovery of feamen's w«ges 
in Irelapd; which were read the hid 
time. 

The bills, for eflabli(hing a Court of 
Civil Judicature in the iiland of New- 
foundtand, and for regulating the office 
of Clerks of Afl^ze, AiTociates, and 
Clerks of Indi^^ment, were read the 
third time, and pa^Ted. ^ , _ ^ 

In a Committee of the who!c houfeon -out with the poor Hla'^cks. Mr. Gie«- 

thebill for regulating gaols and houfes of ville Sharpe, that philanthropic genius, 

corre£lion, in that part of Great Britain had furnilhcd them with a cod^ ol lauMu 

called England, on the daufe, impow- What was the confequence? They fell 

cring the JuAices of Oyer and Termi- out amongft themi'clves^the code was 

ner, on the report of the Vi(itor, to re- torn — numbers died-^and defolatiom 

mit the puni(hment of prifoners in pro- daily marked the fcene. He doubted the 

portion to good behaviour, and to en- powers of Parliament under the ce^io« 

courage good behaviour by fmall pre- of Tom ; and obferved, that the bill 

nwums. went to revive a monopoly, which ha4 

Mr. Bifr</f« approved of the idea, but coft this country, about hity years agoi, 

thought that it 'trenched on one of the li2,oocl. to lay open ; as one of the 

highed prerogatives of the Crown, the claules dated that the adventurers were 

remilfion of punifhment. to enjoy an exclufive and iole right, to 

Mr. Ponvyt did not wiih to trench on the exclu/ion of the Engliih, for all the 

any of the prerogatives of the Crown, other nations of Europe enjoyed ctie 

particularly the one in quedion, which privilege of trading in that quarter. 

had always been laudably exercifed. Mr. Stanley (tut elder) took it upoa 

Mr. Buri/em then propofed an amend* the law of nations and the navigatiom 

ment, which placed the power of'remif- a6t of a Briti(h Colony, as it certatalr 

fien in the Crown ; and this wis adopted, was under the bill in qucAion ; the na* 

In a Committee of the whole Houfe, vigation a£l would attach on it, and the 

on the bill for the better regulating the proviiions of the former would clatk 

didribution of rewards in cafes of con- with thofe of the latter. 

virion of felony. Lord Sbiffittd (aid a few words againft 

Mr. Burden thought that there ought the bill. 

to be fome fpecific fum mentioned, as Sir /T. Young faid, his name had bcea 

Che ceruinty of fome reward would ope- imphcared wuh the Wed India mer- 

rate in favour of bringing offenders iq chants on the fubje6) ^ if the obje£l of 

|udice. . tiie 



736 



Mafon's Poems adaptid to Maftck.-^OrahifinB [Auguft, 



the bill really meant to be what it pro- 
fefied to be, he was a friend to it. 

Mr. fi, Tbornt9n declared the obje6k 
of the bill was neither more nor lefs 
than to promote the civilization of A- 
£rica. It had been faid, that this was 
to revive a monopoly; how could that 
bcy when Tefliels were at liberty to wood 
mud water ? 

Mr. StaMlfy (the younger), Mr. BuX' 
iOHf and Mr. R, 7borHt»fi, fpoke in fa- 
vour of the bill. 

Mr. Motttagm thought' it hard, that, 
•oc of a coail of twelve hundred leagues, 
they could not be allowed a fpot of 
tbirty fquare miles to make an experi- 
ment, which, if fuccefsful, mud tend to 
the welfare of this country, and relieve 
the minds of thofe gentlemen who 
voted againft the abolition of the flave- 
trade, on the ground that Africa could 
produce nothing but the flefli and blood 
of (laves, and that our plantations could 
be cultivated only by a fucceflion of 
thofe unhappy beings, — for he did not 
doubt of the humanity of thofe gentle- 
men on any other fcore. 

* Mr. Bro^k Watfitn faid, he voted a* 
gainft the abolition, under an idea that 
tho(c ilaves were removed from a worfe 
to a better flate : he never heard the 
ntrchants fpcak againft the bill; it 
ihould therefore have his concurrence. . 

The bill was then read the third 
timc^^oo a diviiion. Ayes 87, Noes 9. 
(79 bi cdHtinutd,) 

Mr. Urban, Aug. i6. 

IHAV£ lately been very highly en- 
tertained with the perufal of Mafon's 
Poems ; and having obferved, with 
much pleafure, that your valuable Re- 
poiitory is always open for the reception 
of any information, or even hint, which 
may tend to make any of the fciences 
more generally ufeful; I beg leave, by 
its means, to fugged to fucb of your 
readers as are Mufical Amateurs, that 
there appears to me to be many parts of 
thofe enchanting poems that are admi- 
rably adapted for the difplay of musical 
abilities; and which, Ihould any gen- 
tleman chufc to avail himfelf of this 
hint, might have an admirable cffe£^, 
were they well fet to mufick. And 
fuch an undertaking would in this mu- 
iical age, I conceive, hardly fail of 
meeting with liberal encouragement. 

The paflages which ftruck me as rooft 
fuitable fcr this purpdfe I with defe- 
rence point out ^ firit obferringi that my 



edition was the fourth, printed atYork^ 
Svo, 1774. 

Iff Elfrida. 
P. 84.. The Semichorus : 

" Yes, Sifters, yes, when pale diftrefs." 
Ibid. The lucceeding Semichorus : 

'* Humanity, thy awful ftrain." 
P. 9 1. The firft part of the ode beginning 

« The turtle tells her plaintive tale." 
And any other part tff that ode which 
may with propriety be detached from its 
leading fubje£b. 

P. 109. The whole of the Ode to 
Condancy, beginning 

« Whence does tliis fudden Inftre rife ?** 
P. 1 16. The Semichorus beginning 

^* Sufpence! thou frozen gueft, be |on«.'* 

P. 123. The Ode to Truth is worth/ 
of confideration, beginning 

** Say, will no white- rob'd fon of light.** 
P. 180. As alfo the ode beginning 

<* Mona on Snowdon calls." 
P. 193. And likewife the ode beginning 

<< Hail, thou harp of Phrygian &me." 

You will eafily perceive. Sir, that 
he had ample room for exhibiting, to 
the highell advanuge, the genius, tafle, 
and judgement of compontion. And 
whoever poiTcires a verfatility of ulenu 
equal to the proper execution of this 
talk (and many fuch there are among 
our modem compofers, but it might ap* 
pear invidious to name vlhj in particu« 
tar) that would underuke it, would un- 
doubtedly tranfmit his fame in conctrt^ 
if I may be allowed the expref&on, with 
one who moft defervedly ranks among 
the firft of the men of genius of the pre* 
{ent age. UARMonicut. 



Mr. Ukban, Aug. 17. 

ACorrefpondent in your laft is mis- 
taken in the meaning of «^«», 
which docs not fignify nevertbtUfSt un- 
lefs joined with ti ^« ; but there it fig* 
nifies moriovir — ib9u bafi faid — *wimt 
tb9u baft faid is trut-^l am tbe S9n •f 
God^amd 1 fwtber fsy um$9 J9v, tbat 
btriafttr^ &c. 

A neighbour of mine has dtftroyed 
great numbers of the black-beetles by 
a pan of beer, as recommended in your 
Magaiine. R* B« 

*#^ We are mnch obliged by the ot h t r 
PARTS of this correfpondenfs letter I fome 
of which (ball appear the firft opportunity. 
OaepartofitwecAMMtT ul«. Eoxt. 

104. Mif* 



I79'0 Riview of Niw PubUcattws. 'jyj 

104. MArm$rmm Oxaaienfiam Inferipthnet Chronicle in queftion. efpecially when 

Grxi^adCYianA\er\$xemf>lar9du^curamt9 thef have in the Piaure-gallcry aa of- 

Gul. Roberto, jt M. $ Odlegi. Corporis ficcr fo very capable of tracing it. 

-L ^ the fplcndid edition of the Collec fiurke's yUteck on the French Rfvohticn. 

tion of antique Statuei, Inrcripiioni, £y Tlwmas Paine, Sicntary, fir Foreign 

&C. for which the Univerfity of Oxford j^fsm, to Cwgnft^ m the Americnn IVmr^ 

is indebted to the munificence of Henry •nd Awbtr •/ tb€ tVork mtituUi ^^Commm 

Duke of Norfolk, grandfon of the noble Send " 

coUe6lor, Thomai Howud E^r' of A- BOLD words, without depth of rea- 

rundcl, and to fo nnany learned perfons, foning, chara£lerize this performance, 

pubiitht-d in folio by Dr. Ch<indler, of The rif^hts of men arc e»crv thing that 

MagdalenCollege, with plates engraved tnen think proper to claim '^t and rhc 

by Miliar, 1763, we take this opporru- r'K^*^ piramount to all others, in Mr. 

nity of doing juftice to that fpiendid P't ideas, is, that no man can be bound 

work, as well .as to this pocket eJition ^Y any a6k of his prcdccclTors : and 

of the Greek part of it. The preface fb« National Affjmbly have exprcfsly 

to this lad contains an account of the Riven immortality to their own organt^ 

labours of various learned men in illuf- xatton. Agreeably to this, the common 

tracing them, from their arrival at A- mode of taking away the life of every 

rundcl houfe in London, 1617, to Dr. capital convi£t in England is compared 

Ch.^ndlcr•$ fin^l arrangement of them with the uncommon one of torturing a 

all tnv^etlter, 1763; and concludes with regicide to death; and the heads of re- 

ihe fo lowing defence of the authentic bels cxpofed to public view after their 

citv ot the Parian Chronicle, on which de^th, with the barbarous praf^ice of 

fo much hAs been fad .f larc ♦, parading aoout the (Irects of a civilized 

"Jam in his moiwrncntis null i alii gravMira ?"<* Chiiftian metropolis, frcfh blecd- 

vulncra vel sttati? vis ve! fortuf^.-c inclemnntia ing» O" fpcars, the heads of ihofc who 

ioflixit quam celcbcrrii-no illi MamoriPario had been deprived of them, with every 

cui prx iliis.-t aiguaienti iligucite & aud^o- circumHance of aggravated cruelty, for 

ritatis pom:erv ^amumtuhiuTe U)lemu^. Qmx their l«»yAltv to their prince. Yet a£lf 

tamen e v.-^h > o iliinttenlj foie* m .lell^ia of violence committed bv the national 

nsodo vcne fiuit aut veri'irniles r i.oiie:. qui- guard, without legal requifuion, are to 

Vusnupcr fid«ra iftius m irniovis fufjHai.ii i^^ punifl^ed by twelve years iroprifon- 

Ttddcre conrus cd v,r do -. d.iputaM me ^,„j j^ ^ dungeon, by a decree juft 

^T/r^: n??''\ '"^'^^^^^^ P-^^red. .Byfvmlar fallacy the m** arc 

rem ut dicimu^i ouoU nuun n.jrtiun ituuio '^ . • 'j- ' e • 

raoti fentimus, nnllam . aio. em avld,.aam vi- '"^^^ ^^\ olfspnng or creature of inc. 

dimos quae non v«l a fiais infer. :»ti., 11 ibns *J"^^"y ^ Z^^*' "r *^ '.*^^^! '''^* ""^^^ 

duaa fit quarura rmr not.t arth.t pa nun- natural dilhntlion of ranks, from a dif- 

qa.im in nTCdium prol;iia lu it, veJ l.tiius per- linCtiun of principles and talents inhc- 

tinerc viJcrur qium ut fiilein hujus monu- rc»t in man in the moft uncultivated 

mcnti iinrniniai; et uullam uleo tjuam non countries: fo far arc OLD countries 

aui(W!ue.c in promptu eft aat jam Uiiuenmt from being an fwerable for this diftinc* 

viii docli raarmoris propugnutores." tion, that it obtains, more or lefs, ia 

There are addcJ fuitaoje references every country under heaven. Mea 
to the p!ac s ot the levt al articles in muft be inflrudtd tiow to reverence li- 
the Univeifuy and in Dr. Cs edition, bcrty (p. 38), as much as horfes, or 
and indexes of woid^, pi<«per names, other brute animals, trained to be ufe« 
and places, &c. &;c. occuinng ia thefc fui to man. 
iiifcriptiOns. Bat, as much as Mr. P. is at boat ia 

We cannot help repeating our regret the hiftory of the Revolution, fo little 

that the Univcrhfy, who, we uniicr- docs he appear or chulie to know of the 

Band, have it in c v)nttmplaiion to ere£l expedition to Verfailles, O^. 5 and 6^ 

a buiidinv whciein thcie curious inunu> thut proud day which its warmed ad« 

ments may be drpofucU with grs.atcr mirers may take example from Mr. P. 

regularity and lattty, have nc-t yet to be alhamcd of, and talk of^accord- 

thought proper to favour the learned ingiy. Let us»attend to the folccifm of 

world with a rac tunilc copy of the this writer. After denying the autho* 

— — — — riiy of every precedent of antiquity Ia 

» Sec our vol. LV.'p. 338; LV III. 33$, -i— -^—^ ^ ' 

409} LI X. 49, 100, 6 ft, 742, 7S9. ♦ See our June Mag. p. 508. 

GbNT. i\1aq. An^i^, I79i« die. 



73* 



Rivtiw of New PublicatUnSt 



[Auguft, 



the pagei of Hiftory, we are carried <« government." p. 55. — "This," he 

back to the creation for the rights of adds, p. 56, *'ii the only mode ia 

nan. If we truft to Mofes's account « which governmentt have a right to 

of this event, thoie rights wherewith << arifc, and the only principle on which 

Adam and Eve were invefted by their «< they have a right to exift." — " Go- 

Makcr were, *' to be fruitful and mul- " vernments mufl hive arifen either 

«* lip'y, and Veplenifli the earth* and <« out of the pcopfe or oijer the ptople." 

« fubdue it, and have dominion over p. 36. — " A conftitution is a thing an* 

** the fifli of the fea, and over the fowl " teceJent 10 a government ; and a go- 



«* of the air, and over every living thing 
*' that movtih upon the face of the 
«* earth." If we believe RoulTeau, we 
ihall doubt the very creation of man; 
and inftcad of his .claiming any rights 



** vernmcnt is only the creature of a 
** conftitution." Thi» is only faying 
that the form of government preceded 
the afts of government. If Mr. Paine 
would permit us to fcrutinize into the 



over the earth, or its then inhabitants, firft cliablifhment of government in hif* 

we fliall ** wonder h'>w the devil he tory, or if hiftDiy would allift our 

•* came there.** But we will adopt Mr. fearch, we Ihould be able to fay how 

P's rcfolution, *' not to touch upon any the firft government in the world wai 

** Marian principle of religion'* (p.' conftituted ; but we fear theory inull 

48) ; elfe wc might remark, that, after here take place of pra£kice, and conjee- 

thefallt the firft right which roan claim- ture of reality. 

cd was to knock man on the head; the Such a^ is Mr. P*s reafoning, fuch 

next, to build cities; the next, to in- alfo is his wit, of which he has given 



dulge in ''every imagination of the 
« thoughts of his heart." Will Mr. P. 
contend, that, by equal, natural right, 
every man, in fubduing the earth, and 
Its inhabitants, the bcafts and birds, 
could claim but one horfe, or one tree. 



fpecimens in a fillv ftory of a Norman 
king of America, p. 68, and in his ridi- 
cule of titles, p. 70, and No-ability, p. 
1 to. All that he can ur^e againft the 
law of primogenitureihipia contradicted 
by the mod antient hiftnry, if he will 



or a given number of apples, acorns, or allow the firft book of Molcs to rank as 
grains of corn, to his (hare? If every 
child born into the world rinds it •* as 
** new to him as it was to the firft man 
** that exifted, and his natural right in 
•* it of the fame kind" (p. 50), is he 
therefore at liberty to exercifie thofe 
rights as he pleafcs ? Is it always true 
thnt every man feels his duty to God 
and his neighbour, and, feeling, alwavs 
finds himfelf dilpofcd to pra£\ife ii ? 
Are his •* intellc6lual rights, or rights 
•* of the mind, and all thofe rights of 
'' adding, as an individual, for his own 
•• comfoit and happinefs, which arc not 
** injurious to the natural rights of 
•< others," always rightly and jullly ap- 
plied ? The very conftruftion of focial 
rights is the ftrongeft proof of the im- 
pcrfe^ion and weaknefs of natural 
rights, as much as an aggregate is fupe- 
rior to unity, Mr. P. abhors the idea 
of a furrendtr of rights by a focial com- 
patt ** between thofe who govern and 
** thofe who are governed j** and quib- 
bles it away by a **compa6l of indivi- 
*• duals with each other to produce a 
«* government." It is fuperiarively cu- 
rious to hear Mr. P. define the origin 
of this compact : •* that the indiviJuats 
*< tbemfil*Vf5, each in his own perfonal 
<< and fovcreigln right, intered into a 
«' tomfoQ nuitb eacb ft bit to produce a 



true hiftory. In his d;.Ui)ition of all 
religions, as '*in their nature mild and 
** benign, and united with principles 
** of morality, and that they could not 
" have made pro(elytes at firft by pro* 
** fefting any thing that was viciouty 
'* cruel, perfccuting, or immoral, and 
'* that they proceeded by perfuafion, 
** exhortation, and example," p. 80, he 
(hews an utter ignorance of the princi- 
ples and progrefs of Mnhamedifm. 
We muft have ft.ongtr proofs than his 
ip/e dtxif, ihai *' Church and State are 
** now driving the cotton manufacture 
" from England to America and France,*' 
p. 81. Mr. P. bas fet up Monarchy 
and Ariftocracy as a bugbear, and De- 
mocracy as an idol. Our Revolution 
of 1688, which we were eogcr to com- 
memorate as Mr. P. to exalt beyond its 
value, is, he fays, ** already on the 
** wane, .eclipfcd by the enlarging orb 
" of Reafon, and the luminous Revolu- 
*• lions of America and Francc.*''p. 86. 
Speaking of the meeting of the Nota- 
bles, Mr. P. fays, ** the Count d*Ar- 
** tois, as if to initmidate, Jor the Badili 
" nuas yet in Uif>g, H(kcd M. Fayette, if 
** he would give-in his charge of em- 
*• bezzling crown- lands, againft Ca- 
•« lonne, in wriiingr* p. 96; af if this 
was not a propeicr method of bringing a 

ctiarge 



1701.] Rivino tf Ntw PuUieatimi 739 

cfaaree than by mere verbal declamation, off the rights of men, a» random Ihot, 

Mr. P. fays, " The mt<ns of effea- for the worft of purpofei. 
" IDC a counter- revolution in France After much declamation, which we 
" muft be an obliteration of know- are in do^ibt whether to treat a. tre.fon- 
« ledge s and it has never yet been dif- able or foo liih, Mr. P. inakes a (hew of 
"covered how to make man «»*»ow fomeknowledge of pol.tical oeconomy j 
"his krowledi-e, or unlUnk his but here too his fyftem is fallacious, a» 
« thouehts." This, furely, is as falfe may be ftewn by the returns which 
as it is paradoxical ; for it implies, that Englifli mo.ey produces, both m us 
man can never change his opinions, or fair and contraband trade, the palpable 
become wifer. and is\ flat contradiaion want of currency in France, and he 
of Mr. P's favourite axiom, that pofte- mode of difcountine French bills in the 
rity cannot undo what their forefathers neighbourhood of tlie Pala.s Royal. 
haVe done, nor engraft improvement on " The Revolution ,f France fliew, 
"he wifdoii of their ancettors. We for- " a eovernment may be in a ftate of in- 
vWe Mr P's lanzuaee in refrca to our " folvencyi and a nation rich. So far as 
lo7er^gn snd ou^r Piliamenl becaufe « the faft is conEned to the late govern- 
k is piMnly the language of a man in a " ment of France it was infolveot, be- 
Lflion, and fpringlng from the refent- " caufe the nation would no longer fup- 
S«nt of aa American : we have in it " port its extravagance, and therefore it 
the retaliation threatened by that peo- " could no longer fupport itfelf. But 
pie at largc-for ever to teach the in- " with refpeft to the nation, all the 
?uftice o? Great Briuin to their chil- " me"' txxAtA. [How thefe meant 
dreo in their firft rudiments of learning. ' exifted may be learnt from the differ- 
Henceforth let all lovers of «/w/»- " ft calculations of Neckar and Ca- 
tioH turn their eyes to Poland •, and fee " lonne, from the feiture of the church 
what a Revolution has been effeaed " property, which was as much the 
There, without a drop of blood, in an property of thofe to whom it was 
affembly that hardly ever came to a de- o.iginally given as any man s eftate 
cifion w^ithout drawing their fabres, by " u his propertv, unlefs .t is to be >f. 
■ nobles a. proud of their feudal privi- " Brmed that the nation haS a prior 
leees as the peers of France, by clergy " right to all property, and may reduce 
fo lately intolerant of diffidents, and by '• its component parts to an inftant beg- 
eommons annexed as property to the '' gary.] A government may be f.id 
foil. Let them fee m bireditmy w- "to be infolvent every time it applies 
,arcbr and a reprefentative body of " to a nation to difcharge its arrears, 
three orders enabliflied as fundamen- " [Are there then no expenses incurred 
uls ; and the Conftitution of Great Bri- " -n fupporting government, whether la 
- tain made an example to a na.ion not a " a crown or a nation ?] The infol- 
century ago reputed as barbarians. " vency of the late government of 

Let us not then fet up America as " France and the prefent government 
authority for rejeaing, or France for «• of England differed in no other re- 
degrading, monarchy fat lead, till the < fpea than as the d.fpofition of the 
exf erimcnt has bee/fairl, tried. That « P«°p!« '•fT' .^be P!°P'« "^ F""" 
term of years, fliort a. it was, has not refufed their »d to the_old govetn- 
«t elapfcd. In either nation, which «' ment, and the people of England fub- 
fereat Britain took to make, and to ♦' mit to taxation without enquiry, 
grow heartily f.ck, of the experiment. What is called the Crown in Eng- 
Ihe waded through a fea of blood to «' Und has been ofol.entfeveral times, 
unmake and to refloie a king; and, "the laft of which, publicly known, 
fooner than »& «he fame tragedy over " was in May. '777. when it applied 
again, fte Called-in the neaieft in fuc " to the nation to difcharge upxvaids of 
clffioi to an abdicaiing fovereign ; and « too.oool. private deb,., which other- 
Ce knows too well the value of heredi- « wife it could not pay." p. 156. Mr. 
tary fucceffion to trifle with her peace. P. had obferved. p. 143, that the Eng- 
and fet at nought the wifdom of p.ft lifli nation is under the «ow»-««»«././ 
aees. She need* not to be told that /f«/>/r rather ihEO of a fixed and fteady 
l^r. P. has facrificed common decency principle. So is every nation in the 
K, cmmon fenfe, h« overfliot himfelf world j even France was governed by 
beyond a power of influencing the »«"«?""'' '" «emp*r changed The 
plaineft underftanding, an d is pUying- tnghlh have repeatedly refufed fubfi- 

C 2_ j,jj jnd gid, tQ x\tf Crown, and have it 

• See our June Mag. p. 5(9. idways 



740 



Riviitv $f NiW PnhUMiiHi. 



[Auguft, 



always in tlieir power, without the in- 
fluence of a few inQammatory dema- 
gogues to direct them. France, by Mr. 
P'sconfcflion, has made the experiment 
of making a government infolvcnt, on 
purpofe to diffolvc it. It would be but 
jutlice, both to France and England, to 
allow a fair and reafonable time to fee 
how the experiment fucceeds, and not 
to force all the governments of Europe 
into the melting*pot at once, for the 
plea fore of diffotving them down to 
their 6rft principles. The aim of mo- 
dern philofophers and demagogues is, 
to annul every fyllem of religion and 
government. Dr. Pricftley is to re- 
chriflianize, and Mr. Paine to re-go- 
vern, the world. ** It is an age of Rc- 
** volutions," he fays, p. 171, **"in 
** which every thing may be looked 
It for.»» ' The renovation of the world 
is the completion of ihc Gufpel difpen- 
fation ; but, if wc undeill.md the lan- 
guage of prophecy, this is not to take 
place till things are come to the worfl, 
and, as in the old world before the 
flood, the wickednefs of man is great in 
the earthy and then the renovation is to 
be produced in a mnu btavin oMd mrw 
garth. 

Mr. P. concludes with fomc general 
obfervations, in the fame ftrain as the 
bulk of his book; but when he alks, p. 
169, *'Why are not republicks plunged 
'' into war, but becaufe the nature of 
'* their government docs not admit of 
** an intereft diflin£) from that of the 
** nation ?" let him (hew a rcpublick, of 
antient or modern times, that has kept 
itfelf quiet without war. Did not the 
Roman republick conquer and enflave 
the world, and overthrow the rival re- 
publick of Carthage? and were not the 
Grecian tcpubljtks perpetually com- 
palfing each other's ruin > and are not 
alt thefe inftanccs of republicks aggran- 
dizing therafelvcs at the cxpence of 
r-thcr ftates ? Let not, therefore, the 
charms of icpublicanifm dazzle the eyes 
of mankmd more than thole of otht;r 
forms of government. — The tranf- 
lator of Chartellux's Traveh, II. 195, 
th'^u^h a.violci^t Democrate, confeflcs 
th?it rtpitbtiC^KS are the nx^orfl nicjlers, 
JIe w.II tell us the biclfcd tlfe<tts of 
Revolution "in America only four years 
ar.o (fee our vol. LVII. p. 333— 336)» 
lie fays, tiie irreconciieable hatred to 
t igland was infpired by the tniigbancd 
Jew (ib. 6c5)j among whom we may 
faifly feckon Mr. PAINE. 

ii IS well ourRcTolutionills fpeak out 



fo freely as they do. Their declama- 
irons have no tutOi on the general mind 
of the nation, and ferve to put the wifer 
and better part on their guard. 3uc 
whatever freedom of fpcech Mr. Patne 
may indulge himfelf in, and however 
the Conflitutional Society may extol, 
admire, and circulate his book, by the 
moft unworthy artifices; we obfcrtc their 
frie-ids of the Revolution Society have 
thought proper to check themfeives by 
public advertifement, earneflly deliring 
that not a «^ord may be faid about **'the 
" public aO'airs or local concerns of this 
" country, nor any qucHion refpcfling 
" them be moved or introduced for 
** dirculTion," nor cockades, or any 
badges of didinf^ion, affumed, at this 
SECOND celebratioii of the overthtow 
of defpotifm, 

106. The Death of a great Man improved; a 
SermcTit preached at Briflol, in Onfequerice 
of the Deceajt cf thi Ren/, Richard Price, 
D,D. F, R.S, who departed this Life April 
I9t 179!} /• r^ Sixtieth Tear oj bit J^e, 
By Thomas Wright. 

A Vindication of the Do£lor*$ politi- 
cal chara£ler and the American and 
French Revolutions, with an enumera- 
tion and chara£ler of his writings, and 
the chief traits of his perfonal charafter. 

107. jf Sermon, preached at the Opening of St. 
reter's Chapel, Swinton, in the HarJ/b ef 
Eccles, in I^ncalhire, on Sunday, April 
xo, 1 79 1, hy the Rev, J. Lempriere, B, ^» 
•f Perobroli^ College, Oxford, Majler ef 
the Grammar -fchooi at Bolton, publijbed at 
the Reque)l of the Congregation, 

A Sketch of the hiftory of facred 
flru£tures, the cod of erefling and beau* 
tifying them, and the reverence paid to 
them by all nations, inculcating the im- 
portance of religious worfhip. Mr. L, 
when fchoolmailer at Reading, publifh- 
ed a Ciaifical Di6tionary, of which fee 
our vol. LIX. p. 156; and annexes to 
this fermon his propcials for a tranila- 
tion 0/ Herodotus, in fix volumes, the 
hrd of which is already in the prefs. 

108. Paul's Defence Before Felix confd»ed and 
applied, in a Sermon preached April at 7, 
179 1, at the Openlitg of the New Chapel in 
George-ftreet, Plymouth-dock. By JoOiua 
Toulmin >. 

FROM Aas xxiv. 14. Mr.T. takes 
occalioa t6 defend the Unitariiin prtnci- 
ples— forgetting that what was charged 
on St. Paul as herej) was the trilih ef- 

♦ P. 398, 1. 46, for " Joliu" r. w-Jolhua." 

tablilhcd 



179 1*] Rivuw §/ Niw PuHiiati$m» 741 

tmbl^hed in the Cofpei which that A- fuperiority. — Still, howeveri though much 

poftle preached, not in the New Gofpel, was cflfcdted, much remained to be done— 

or New Conftru^ion of the Gofptl, The genUemen who wore appointed to fu- 

brought in by our modern reformers} pcrintcnd the proceedings of the courts, hav- 

and that on the fame ground Mr. Swe- »"K had no opportunity of ftudying the laa- 

dcnbourgand Mr. Tav lor might defend guagcs m which the Uws are wnuen, were 

their bcAiies conftrained, m their determuiations, to be 

* guided by the advke of tlie native otlicers— 

TOA. ri^ H,J^^^ flr ruiJ. . ^ ^— «.^« «. ^^^ foraetimes themfelves loo ill informed 

"UeLmZ^ l^f;J^^:n,7rZ tobecapableof judging, and generally open 

^r L '"T^'"**" JT , j-i^ tjTu ^o corruption. Hcpcc appeared the neccflfitr 

cf fh^Go^ir^r CcMfraUnd Co^nal^ Ben- of prociiring fome ceitain rule wherel^ thofo 

gAl. 5y Charles HamiUon. 4 ^«^ 4^^ gentlemen might be guided, withoiubeinff 

IN the prefent connexion of Great exiwfcd to the mifconftrudtions of ignorance 

Britain with the extenfivc regions of tfa« or intereft, and which might enable them to 

£aft, it is of importance to be informed determine for ttiemfelves, by a d'u-eA appeal 

of the laws by which her Indian fub- to'theAfM^v/nidii or H/niM authority, on tiie 

jc6ls govern themfelves. The connexion ground of which they Were to decide.— A 

between the laws of a country and its compilation was accordingly formed, under 

civil and natural hittory is obvious. This *« infpoaion of the moft learned Pundiig 

very intercfting and comprchcnfive work (J^'*^ lawyers), containing an abjlraa of 

it dedicated to Warren HaQings, Efq. ^ //^ l^^ws; the trunflatioa of which 

..«^*.- «.|,,^f« i^^^Ai.^M ^.t^r «™ i» ...^. ^^^ Englifti was committed to Mr. Halhcd : 

under uhofe immediate patronage it was ^ ^J^, ^^ ^^^ ^^ accomplilhed, a 

for fomt time carried on, juvd by whom ^^^^^^ ^ J^e principal MsbsmmJjn pn,fcf. 

It %vas at firft projeaed. T^e prelimi- ^n in Bengal weie employed in tranflatiiig 

nary difcnurle of 89 pages contains va- j^m the ^ahic into the Perfisn tongue, a 

rious comments on the commentary, and commentary upon the MJulmam law, called 

defcribcs the ftate of juri^rudcace in The HeJiya, •r Guide, a work, held in high 

the Bengal provinces, at the time they eflimation among the people of that perfua- 

fell into the hands of the Englidi. iion. The Enghjh veriion of that common* 

•' Little acquainted with'thc/w*!*, and ftill **nr ^ ™>w fubmittcd to the pubhclt/' 
kfs with the elementary ;>nW/>^i, of the na- ^"« ^^^^ foundation of the laws 
tive adminiftration of juftice in their newly, here treated of are the Koran and the 
acquirexl territories, the Briti(h Government Sonna, or oral laiv. 
determined to introduce as few innovations, "Book I. Of Zaknt.— II. Of Marriage.— 
in thofe particniars, as were confifUnt with I^. Of Foftcmgc. — IV. Of Divorce. — V.Of 
prudence j and ibo only material alteration Minumiflion — VI. Of Vows. — VIL Of Fu- 
wbtci^, ill courfe of time, took place, was the nifhments.— VUI. Of Larceny.— IX. The 
appoiotment of the Company's fervj^tts to Inftitutcs. — X. Of Foundlings. — XI. Of 
fuperintend and decide, as jy^'^t in the civil Troves. — XII. Of the Ahfcondmg of Slaves. 
MuffMlm^n couits, and as wmg^rates with re- — Xlli.Of mifling Peribos. — XIV. Of Part- 
ffc<5t to the criminal jurifdi6bon.— An im- nerihip. — XV. Of pious or charitable Ap- 
portant change was imieed cffeAed in the propriations.— XVI. and XVII. Of Sales and 
admi I uil ration of botli juftice and revenue, Ufury. — XVllL Of Bail. — XIX. Transfer of 
fo far as affiedted the diftinftions hitherto Debts.— XX. Duties of the Razee, or Magif- 
maintained between Muffklmani and Hindot, trate.— XXI. and XXIi. Of Evidence, and 
Of thfife the latter had always been fubje^ to the Retrai^ion of Evidence. — XXIII. Of A« 
dnhlr Lnxes, and impofts of every denomin»- gency. — XXI V. Of Claims. — XXV. Of Ac- 
lion, levied on principles which are fiilly ex- knowledgtnenis. — ^XXVI. Of Compofition* 
plained in the courfe of the prefent work; — XXVII.Uf Mozaiibat.— XXVllI.Of De- 
and theyalfo laboured under particular m- pofits.— XXIX, Of Loam. — XXX. Of Gifts, 
corveniences .iiil difadv.tntages in ^vcry ju- — XXXI. Of Hire. — XXX II. Of Moicalibs. 
dxi;il procefs (cfpecially where the litigating —XXXI II. Of Willa — XXXIV. Of Com- 
adver{.*ry was a M.j/j:manjf fume of whxh pulficifu — XXXV. Of hihibiiion— XXXVi. 
have been alrc-uly noticed.— By the Britifh Of Liccnfed Slaves— XXXVII. Of Ufiirpa- 
Govemroent both have licen placed, in thefc fjo 1— -XXXVIll. Of Sliaffa.— XXXIX. Of 
points upon J^ exact equality; and the Ut>t- Paititiou.— XL. and XLI. Thefe books are 
dec and Mmjuimsmy refpe«fl:vcly, have their of ufe chiefly on account of the regulations 
property fecurcd to item under that lyllem which they contain refpeding landed pro- 
wluch eadi is taught to believe polfcifed of perty.— XLIl. Of Zabbah. — XLIU. Of Sa- 
paramount autlumty : but where their inter- crifice. — XLIV. Of Abominations.— XLV. 
eft* cldfh in the lame caufe, the matter ts Cultivation of VVafte Lands — XLVI.OfPro* 
aecedarily determined by the principles of hibited Liquors. — XLVU. Of Hunting.— 
the MifJtfJmam law; to which long ufage, XLVIII. Of Pawns.— XLIX.Qf Janayat.— 
foppoilcd by the policy of the iM:guJ Go- L. Of Fines. — U.Of the Levying; of Fiaes.^- 
ururoent, has given a fort of prefcriptive LlL Of Wills.— LUL Of Hemupliroditc'?." 

The 



74« 



Riviiw $/ Ntw PuHicatifMS. 



[Anguft, 



The work concludes with an apof- 
trophe to GoD» to Mahomet, and to 
Mr. Haftingt. The latter is well worth 
traofcribin^ : 

" Upon the tables of the hearts of thofe 
who adorn the exordtom of the book of 
knowledge and wifdoiiiy and upon the minds 
of thofe who expound the collected myfte- 
ries of the creation, it is imprefledy^-that, 
from the day that the delightful regioa of 
Bengal was dieered by the rays of govern- 
ment of the Nawab governor-general, Mr. 
Warren Hafiings, the whole of his wife and 
prudent attention was occupied and dire Aed 
to this point, — that the care and prote^on 



Cotmtry ( witb smple Catshguts of rotry 
thing tbM is ntrious im j^cbittSurtf Psint" 
ioF, Sculpture^ &C. ^mu Obftr^otiwt on tbs 
JsaturMlHi/hryf and vtn particular Dtjtri^'m 
mm •/ the Four priwcipal Cititit Rome, Flo- 
rence, Naples, and Venice, nitb their Em^ 
viroM*. hVith m cotottred Chart, i9y Thomas 
Martyn, B.D, F.R S, Profjor •/ Botany in 
tht Ufiiwr/uy of Caonbiidge. 
« TO form his book, the method which 
Mr. M. adopted was (Pref. p. iv.) firft, to ex- 
tract from liis own journal whatever appear- 
ed to deierve the attention of the publick s 
he then looked over the rooft eileemed wri- 
ters of travels*; he next confulted fome 
of the country, and the adminiftration of friends, both countrymen* and Italians, ia 
public atfaiis, fhould be placed on fuch a whofe knowledge and judgement he moil 
footing, that the community, being iheltered confided ; and, laftly, he digelted his mate- 
finora the fcorching heat of the fun of vio- rials, thus culie£ied, into as fmall.a compafs 
leoce and tymnny, might find tlie gates cbfed as he could, and arranged them fo as to meet 
againft injutlice and upprellion^ and that the the eye as readily as poflible. He had noC 
range of fedition in thofe who deviate from vifited every town in Italy $ in many places 
the ruod of truth might be limited and (hoit< his (lay had not been long ; but even where 
aned: — and (bice ihi« hope mud be fulfilled he had (laid the longed, he had not the fbllf 
through tlie influence uif the holy Law of to fet up his own judgement and obfervation 
the Prophet, and the injunctions and inhibi- againft thofe whofe opportunities and abili- 
tionsoftliechofenfe^,— this denizen of the ties were fuperior to his: he lias availed 



kiDfdom of Humility and Solitude, named 
Gholam Yehee, was therefore indrucled 
and empowered, together vrith Holla Taj- 
addeen, Mur Moliammed Ho(rein,-and Molla 
Sharreeat Oolla, to tranflate from the Arabic 
language into the Ptrjian idiom certain trea- 
ties upon the law, hut particularly that ex- 



himfelf, therefore, of every light which he 
could derive from men as well as books." 



lis. Hew Ciftll'tutkn of tht G^wrmmut of 
Poland, efi0bhjhed hy the Revchttim of the 
3</«/May, 1791. 

APP£ARS to be an authentic copy 
cdlcot work the Hedaya (which, firom its of ^hc new Conftitutioo eftablilbed by 
great fubtiliy , and the clofenefs of its ilyle, is j^.j wonderful Revolution in the Go- 
afpeciesof m.racle,)-towhich,acconlingly, ^ernmcnt of Poland, already mentioned 



with their aniilance, applying his atteuliun, 
the j4'nbic text was, as much as it would ad- 
■lit, reduced into a Perjisu verfion ; which 
tbey have intitiUed the Hedaya Farfee [Per- 
fian Guide], — hoping that mankind may 
thereby find tlieir wants fupplied, and that 
profit and advantage may thence accrue." 

The ftyle of this compofition is not 
like that of mod £adern compofitlons, 
turgid and flowery, but plain, dofe, 
and didactic* 

110. Memoirt of the Ute Rev, John Wefley, 
ji. M, 5 nut h a RevitVf <f bit Life and 
IVritingif and a Hipory of Metbodifm, fiom 
itt C mmer cement in 1729 to the preJtntTinu, 
By John Hampfon, --A B, 
THIS Life was begun in the life- 
time of its fubjcfl, and completed lince 
his death. Mr. H. Iccms to have taken 
great pains to be well informed ; and, 
except in one or two inftances, where 
he difcoveis a little too much acrimony, 
feems to have candu£led it with accu- 
racy and impartiality. 



♦ " Mr. Sandys fet out for Italy in 1610. 
Coriate, 161 1. Mr. Raymond in 1646. Mr. 
LalTels was five tiroes there; he was at Rqma 
in 1650. Mr. Ray was in Italy in 1663. 
Rithop Burnet in 1685 and 6. Mr. Milfon 
in 1687 and 8. Mr. Addifon from 1700 to 
1703. Mr. Ricliardfon in 1720. Mr. Wright 
from 1 7 £o to 1722. Mr. Keyfler from 1719 
to 173 1. Mr. Gray, with Horace Walpole, 
£fq. in 1739, 40, and 41. Mr. RulTell from 
1739 to 1749. M. Cochin in 1749 or 50. 
Mr. Morthail ih 1 752. The Chevalier de la 
Condamine in 1754. John Earl of Corke 
and Orreiy in 1754 and 55. Mr. Grofley 
in 175^ Abb^ Ricliard in 1741 and 61. 
Dr. Smollet in 1763, 64, and 65. Mr. Slurp 
in 1765 and 66. M. De la Laiide the fame 
years. Dr. Bumey left London in June, 
1770. Lady Miller travelled in 1770 nnd 
71. Mr. Fcrbcr in 1771 and 72. William 
Yftung, E(q. (now Sir William Young, Bart.) 
in 1772: only ten copies of hif: joui'nal weie 
printed at a private prefs. Mr. Sherlock In 
1777. The authors of yoy ge pittorejfn de 
Uaplet et de Sidle were tlierc the fame year. 
Mr. Swinburne, from 1777 to 1780. Dr. 
III. w^ Tour through Italy 1 containing fJi Moore, I fuppofc,about the fame time. Mrs. 
DiroHions for vaveiiing m that mtertping Pio9zi| 1786." 



\ 



I79i«] Rivinv tf New PuHicatt$ni, 74^ 

by us, p. 569, left fplcndid, though not novelty of this work will be a fufficicntapo- 

left furprizing, thin that in France, and 1«87 ' »t i$ intended as an imitation of high- 

entirejy framed by the virtues, geniui, finilhcd drawings i the ikctchcs are token in 

and ability of King Staniilaus. different points of view to any yet publiihed; 

'' and, in order to render it itiU more accepta- 

113. The ABtiouiiTue Mufifm. By J. Schneb- H« ^° ''^' encounigers, care wiU be taken to 

belie. N** JI ^^^* * preference to fuch remains of anti- 

i^^^.TT^ A !«.««* . .* - i_ qoity as have not hitherto been delineated in 

CONTA1J4S the painting on the any performance of a fimUar nature. 

South fide over the monument of Sebcrt u a regular dedoaioo of hiftorical h^s, 

king of the Eaft Saxons, in Weftmin- and a perfea defcnption of the places which 

i)er Abbey, with an account of it, by are thefubje^of the following work, are 

John Sidney Hawkins, Eiq. F. A. S. by no means aimed at by the editors; they 

ion of the late Sir John H. Knt. content themfelves with giving as concife an 

Remains of Irtlingborough Church, account as may be neceflary for illuftraiion. 

in Nonharoptoofhire, with the Monu- To this end, fcveral gentlemen, members of 

ments in it of John Pyel, who founded ^he Society of Antiquaries, have kindly oflfer- 

a college here in the reign of Edw. 111. ed their artiftance. ^ ^ . k 

and others, defcribed by Mr. Gough— "J?'' Tc > P^^^'^^^^ "^^P^*^ ^^r '^ 
«.r • J u r iT * pocket ; and, as it is propofed to be continued 

We renewed the former number in ^ mori thai! one JumV, the extra «pence 

P' '5^* and labour of a larger fize have been avoided." 

114. 7i4Au!jM» ./ London, .^cvU ty ,.T''",''"Tf"! '""'J' ^""^'T '"J"''^ 

T Smith JV* // thing of the kind we have yet feen, doe< 

CONTAINS a View of Newgate. """' '^ '""fiP*?!; concerned, who 

The Monument of Robert Scltt,Efq. 5»''«.'"* confined the.r».ews to the 

Lambeth drawing only, but, with becoming ijbe- • 

The Piflure of William Earl of Cra. "'"T' "f"''',^ '^"'l a"««ion lo the 

Ten. in Cra.en-building.. P.'.P" !"•• V'f-^'>^^' The »iew. » 

The Monument of sfephen Theodore '•"' T;5""i! I'i'k i. .-i 
Baron de N.uhoff. King of Corfica. in »^.«*-» Abbey. chapel. 

8t. Anne'j Church, Weflroinfter. w ".a'akk ''' 

The Pump in the Yard of Leather- V / K oi. 

ftller.-hall.Biaopfgate.ftrect. tw3 a a- .'a ^ .k- it j ^t 

A Baffo-rehevo of a Gardener, a- , T^2 "\ ^f'T'c 1 'I ^ "^ I 

gainft Mr. Holyland', Stable, in Gar- Lccefler, prefident of the Society of 

dencr't-lane,Thame$.ftreet, dated 1670; A>«'q"»""- 

a rebu.. or device, of the owner of the ^^^ ^,^4 ^^ ^^^^^^j Antljuitiu in tU 

lane, then pe.bapt firft laid out and o*»7./Gloicefter, i«A.r« imf„J,aly ^ 

EarLn.. ""* "" '" ^"'^' CONTAINING, .. A Vignette View 

ad' 1- f r o t7 I c Yir of Gloucefter, from Robmhood's Hill. 

A Bas-relief of Guy Earl of War- , a rx r- < 

wick, m Warwick-lane. i. Iron Afton Cro(s 

We reviewed the firft number of this 3" P"""". "^ ^'7 I'l '^" '" "" 
-^ . • Chancel window at Iron Acton. 

worK m p. 157. ^ Tombof Robert Poyntx and Anoc 

115. MH^aftic R,^in, and aniitni Gafties in ^'^ ^^«=' '°/'«" ^£00 Church. 
England^«rf Wales; dran»,n on the Spa by 5- ^^^n Amney Manor-houfe. 
James Moore, Efq. F. A, S. ; fimijhtd and 6. Down Amncy Church. 

ttcbtd by J. Schnebbelie, Draugbtlman to iht 7- Tomb of Sir Nicholas Dc Villert 

Sidtiy 0/ Ai/i^uaries i ajustimted by G.J. and his Wife, in Down Amncy Church. 

Perkyns, f/y. ** The etchings, of which this work is in- 

" THE Ikeiches from which thefe plates tended to be compi>fed, were begun by the 

arc executed were colU^ed by Mr. Moore, Editor for his amufcmcnt, and a& a relaxation 

in cxcurfions m.ide, in feveral years, for his from the porfuit of a laborious profetiiuti. 

amnfemcnt ; and containing a large portion Finding that they increafed confiderably un- 

of the remaitu of monaftic buildings and caf- dcr his hands, and tliat he could m.ike them 

ties now cxifting : a felc6tion from them with great facility, a defire of adding fome- 

was recommended by fcveral gentlemen, what to the ropograpliy of his native county 

and is now undertaken by Meffrs.Schncbbc- has inducetl him to^ifier tliem to the publitk 

lie and Perkyns, who are folely intereited in in the prefent form. 

^ publication. '* A fecond part will be publidied on tlie 

** it is prefumed that the executkni and firft el Augnit , aod| if the number of copies 

fold 



744 



Rivinv 9/ New Publuatlons. 



[Augufl> 



IbU IhoulU be fufficient to defray the expences 
of thtt aiidertak.ing, he propofes to continue 
the publication every three months^.tiU it be- 
comes fufHcient to form a volume, which, he 
flatters himCelfy will be thought no unaccept- 
able Appendix to the Hiftories of Glouceiler- 
ihire already {' abliihed, and the Colledlions 
DOW publiihing from the papers oi the laie 
Garter K ing at Arms. 
, <' Herein he lK>pes to be able to comprize 
every remarkable building or piece of anti- 
quity within that county, of which no en« 
graving, or only an imperfect one, has hi- 
thertJi been publiOied. With regard to the 
designs, he has only to fay, that lie has en- 
deavoured to render them as accurate as pof- 
fible ; and has, m no iullance, ventured to 
facrifice truth to ctfe<5l, his intention having 
been to give faithful portraits of the objeAs 
he wilhed to re|>refcnt, and not pi^urefque 
views, unlefs he found them fuch. It fhould 
be remembered, tliat the plates are not the 
M'ovksof an artifl by prufeliion, and there- 
iure not to be examined uith too critical 
an eye. 

« As there are many cunous remains ~^of 
antiquity m the city of Briftol, hitherto un- 
puMiihed, and others which have been very 
inaccurately engraved, he propofes to infert 
views of them in the prefent colleftion ; for 
thou.^.h that city conilitutes a county of itfelf, 
and has therefoi'e never been treated of in 
the Hi ivories of Gloucefterfbire, yet, the 
greater part of it being commonly confulered 
as l.'ing within that 4:ounty,he has thought it 
fui^cicntly conceded with his plan to make 
a part of it." 

N** II. was publifiied the beginning 
of ttiis month; and contains 

Eikedone Church, its South Door 
and Scone- vaulted Chancel. 
A-iinirham Church. 
Boxvveii Church. 
Gateway t»t K.ingrsvood Abbey. 
Cuencefter Ciols. 

The Editor of this elegant work (we 
know iTot why) vviihhoids his name at 
p cfcnt fro.n the publick; but we un- 
deilland it to be the produ£lion of Sa- 
muel Lyfons.Eq. F.A S.; whofc bro- 
' thcr (the Rev. Daniel Lyfons) is en- 
gaged in a iimiUr one for the environs 
of Londt»n. See the cover of our laft 
moniti's Magazine. — When we f<y that 
the dialing!* /kte accurate, the etchings 
good, and the dcfciiptions faithful, it 
18 popci to add, that the Editor unites 
in hi% own perion the various, but n6c 
dilcordant, employments of Writer, 
Draughtfman, and Engraver. 

117.-^ ifw C'flww r of the French Ltngnai*, 
By Dominique de St. Quentin, M. A, 
AS the uKcicourfe betwixt France 
lud thti couQtry is likely to become 

3 



mQrt frequent and more general, every 
attempt to facilitate the learning of the 
language is laudable and eventually ini«* 
portant. The greateft difficulty which 
learners have to contend with is univcr- 
faliy found to be the complex termina- 
tions and various applications of the 
French verbs. In no French Grammar, 
which h^s hitherto appeared, has any 
attempt been made to render this pro- 
ccfs more (imple and more intelligible. 
In this inftance, and, indeed, in others - 
alfo, Mr. de St. Quentin is entitled to 
much commendation. There is a Hm- 
ple mode of explanation, throughout 
his work, which, to beginners, cannuc 
fail of being exceedingly ufcful We 
note a trifling inaccuracy in the preface. 
" The titU of this Giammar," fays the 
author, ".will (hew that it i* particularly 
*/ written for thofe who are intimately 
** acquainted with the elements of their 
** own language.*' The title is neither 
more nor lefs than A neiJt) Grammar of 
tbi French Languagi, 

1X8. Cofmol^yi in which the Motions of thi 
Hsavenly Bodies^ and the Prej'ervajivm and 
Optrationi of all Nature ^ arc deduced from 
an univerjat Pt iactp/e of Fffl"x and ReJiuXm 

THE do£krine of tLttraili^n lias been 
thought by many to be the opprobrium 
of the Newtonian l^ftem; in which the 
HrQ (lep is to fuppofe that the fun at- 
tracts ail the planets, and evtry drop of 
water, and every grain of fand, in them, 
by fome inviAble chain : and this at* I 
tra£linn is not interrupted by any inter* 
vening body. 

This doctrine has been thought by 
many llrangc and inconceivable. The 
dcfign of this cflay is, to fubllitute an- 
other principle, of tffiux and reflux to 
and from all bodies, as causing, iu a 
plain, intelligible way, all the motions 
and appearances on earth, and in the 
heavenly orbs. 

In the execution of this defign, the 
anonymous author illuUrates the prin* 
ciple by the inrtance of a lamp^ in which 
the conftant emanation of light is fup- 
plied by a conilant influx df air (ice 
chap. I.) 

In chap. II, the fame principle is 
traced as operating in the Jun^ whofc 
cfBux IS con(ider<^d as the centrifugal 
power by which the planets art kept at 
a proper dillance ; and the xcheiial 
fluid (like air to the lamp) conltitutes 
the ccntiipctal power. The fun's rao- 
titm round its axis is that which gives 
every planet a correfpondiog moiion ^ 

from 



«79«0 



Rtvhw e/Ntrv PuiSeatlmu 



745 



from ^Vf ft to Eaft. The diurnal mo- the corporation of Liverpool otvc of the 



tion is eifc6led by the annu<il and the 
faperior rcfi'^ancc of the medium on 
tbar fiHr of the pfanct ivhich is nearcft 
to the fun, J ike a bullet in ait*, or body 
float in e io water. 

In the following chaptcis the fflmt 
principle it traced in the mf>on, the 
earth, and evei*v pin of it. The grra* 
pi*v of .bodies is cpecmed as the cflfeft 
of impolfe from all the heavenly bo- 
dies ; whofe emanaiior.!,, when they 
reach the aim<^phere, arc refraSft/ to- 
wards the eaitii : and fhis gives every 
thing nveigbt pmrorr-oncd to its quan- 
tity of matter. For the united emana- 
tiotis of every Har, planet, fun, and 



miniflcrs of St. George's church there, 
which he refi^ncd 1767. He proceeded 
and held with his dcanrv the p:iri(h- 
churrhet of H ndley and Trinitv , which 
laft he refigncd for the rc6^ory of Wtft 
Kirkbv, 17804 and died J;in. 12, 1787, 
He rranfla'ed, when M. A. Lon^inus on 
the Sublime, Bvo. 1739, ^vhich went 
throojih four editions, of which the laft 
is thf heft, the frontifpiece defigned by 
Dr. Wall, of Worcefter; Thucydidet, 
2 vo!«.4to. 175^, reprinted in 8vo. 1781; 
Xcnophon's fiiftory of the Affairs of 
Greece, in one vol. 410. 1781. In 1781 
he puhliflied nine Sermons on the Bea- 
titudes; and, in 1740, a Faft-fcrmon.^— 



moony reach and impel £vcry part of The poems heie publifiied were left to 

matter. the care and difcrction of his friend the 

In the /ixth chapter the various Unds editor; that on Knowfley, the feat of 

of attractions (fo called, for this is here the Karl of Derby, wns BrQ prif^ted in 

cooiitiered as a word without any cor- our Mifceilanv, vol. XXX, p. 241, in- 

refponding reality) are accounted for cc>rre£lly; Vcrfcs from a Mail iff to a 

from the principle that if the fubjeCk of Lap-dog, and the Anfwer; an £pi- 

ihis inquiry. gram; Dr. Donne's Third Saiircj Two 

The points treated of are illuOrated Epitaphs, ^c. 



by ammota/ioMf, in which reference is 
made to a great variety of experiments ; 
and at the end is an Apptndix^ contain- 
ing four D irtrtaiions on fubjefls con- 
ne£led with the principle of ihc preced- 
ing Eflay. The firlt of thcfc gives an 
account of the tides and currents; the 
iecond is concerning earthquakes j the 
third is on the expelled deltru^tion and 
renovation of the earth ; and the iaft is 
on tht analogy between creation and 
redemption. 



Hiv chara^er is thus briefly drawn 
by his biographer : — ** He was tall and 
** genteel ; his voice was ftrong, clear, 
*' and melodious t he fpoke Latin flu- 
** ently, and was complete mafter not 
** only of the Greek but Hebrew lan^ 
" guage; his mind was fo replete with 
** knowledge, that he was a living li- 
*' brary ; his manner of addrefs wsri 
** graceful, engaging, and delightful ; 
** his Icrmons were pleafing, informing^ 
•* convincing; -his mcmorv, even in age, 
'♦was wonderfully retentive; and hi* 
** converTaiion was polite, aflPable, and. 



110. The P^ric fTorks 0/ the Rrv, Willinm 
Smith, D.D. htt Dem of Chefler; noub «« in the higheft degree, improving. 
Jome A.'count of ib< Lfe a*td if'i tn«rs of tbs 
jimtb-.r. By Thnqnns Crane, 'MsAiJltr of the 



9» 



Psri/b Chureb // St. Ol.ive in Chefter, ani 

Coaplain to tb* Rigbt HoHOuracU tbe Earl 

Vei ney. 

DR. bMITH, fon of Rev. Richard S. 
rcftor of Ail Saints, and miniiier of St. 
Andrew, both in Worcel\cr, who died 
jn 1726, was born at VVoiccfler, 1711 ; 
educated .it the Grammar- fchool in that 



J20. y^ Hiji^rteal Reptrrt on Ramfgate Har- 
bour : Huritttn />v O^titr cf, and addrt£'ti /o, 
tbt Tt yfi^ei. By John Smeaton, Civil En* 
gireer, F. R, S. and Eiginter u Ramfgate 
Harbour. 

THIS IS a very ufeful and interefiing 
detail of the progrefi of Ramfgate Har- 
bour, which, though it was ten years 
ago io far cleaned of fand and filt as to 



city; admitted at New Col I ogc, Oxford, be capable of tnking.in fliips of fuperior 



1728; wliere he proceeded B. A. 173s, 
M. A. 1737, \y,l> 1758; prefented by 
his patron, James E-iil of Dcrl?y, ifi 
whole family he wav reader, to the rec- 
tory of Trinity Church, Chcfter, 1735 ; 
and by his Ion and fucccHbr^s interelt. 



draught of water and tonnage to what 
appears to have been the objeiSl of Par- 
liament in granting the uik, and tht 
vitw* of the origin il proprietors of the 
undertaking, yet it was not till the 
Winter before January, 1790, that ihc 
whofe chaplain he was, to the deanrv of real pra;aical utility of this harbour ap- 
ChtHei, 1758. He held the malterihtp pearcd in full view. The advanced 
of Brentwood Ichool, in Efltx, one y<ar, p:cr, begun 1788, was run out near 
1748; and in 1753 was nominattd by ouc-tluid of ks propoftd length by 
, Gewt. Mao. Au^uJI, 179 J. ChriftmM 



746 Riviiw pf New PulUuii$m% [Auguft, 

Chriftmas f.789> and rcceWed t6o fhips wafting, that probt^ly it will not be manjr 

and vcffeU at one time. Ramfgate years before expejlicnts will be found nccef- 

Harbour wat firft projeaed and begun iary to fnjervt it. Thcit have alr«idy been 

in 1749; flopped, by coniraaing the complamts that it is grown fo low, that at 

plan, 1755. It wai begun again in n^^J'^i the veffcls (on account of its being 




^ r. r J '^ o A^ tees, for a remedy of that defea. At - 

ed. He vifued rt again, 1781 and 87, fpring tide there is now 13 feet water over 

and reprefenis the prefent flat-- of Ramf- i^ fo that a number of the fmaller veflWf 

gate Harbour to be as follows : n„y occafionally lie upon it. 

« The operation of the fluices, as has been « fiefides the completion of the sdvatKed 

dofcribcd, has gradually deaicU out a broad pier, and worlcs now in hand, there is obvi* 

fpace, or ch;innel, through the middle of the oufly a number of article, of confiderable 

Outward Harbour, from the (fates to the expence, that wouM greatly tend to improve^ 

pier-he»ds; and the bottom lying upon a ftrengthcn, and confirm the whole work* 

gf ntlc dope, there is ;<bovo fix feet more and which 'may very well be expe&ed muft 

vatcr in that maicri.d part now than in the be the caCc when the various councils, turns 

yenr 1774 ; fo that vclfcb drawing From 10 of fortune, and changes this work has under- 

to i^i feet water can go into the Bafon in gone, are confide red : and, after all, an har- 

t»rcp tidett and in fprii^g tidti thofc drawing boor, that muft fuhfift by the ^rtificiaJ fxmur 

from T 4 to 15 feet. ofjlutea, mu(V be fubjc<5l x<a z cvniinmMt «f-. 

<< Under the mrof of the Eaft pier, the ptnti, and will require great care, to keep 

iluices have now cleared a cbannli capable of every thing in repair and in order; but if 

taking two ftiips abrealt, with clearance for every thing is duly, properly, and attentively 

pa0age, where, ai neap tides, there is from peiiurmed, I doubt not but to fee the time 

15 to I ^> feet water, and at fpring tides from v^heti it will be faid, i>otwith0^ding its 

about 20 feet, and often iz ; fo that not only misfortunes, and the et/ojuy that has been oc» 

vcllbls of 30:: tons, the primary tbj 3 of ihis cafionally caft upon it, to be a work worthy 

bariouvt may come into it in all tiJft, but at of the expeuce it ha^ incurred. I will con- 

jjftr/n^ tides larger ftiips than are generally elude with faying, that, according to my in- 

employed in tlie merchants* fervice. It is formation, 130 fail of ihips and vetfcU were 

here, in reality, no mxttrtal oije^ion, that .a «r cne time in the Haibour, in Januaiy I -off 

velTel cannot come in from tlie DewM at /kp driven in by ftrefs of werther; amongft 

m;ater; Iwcaufe (he is not in diftrefs therey i%hich were four ^'cfi Udiamen richly bden, 

till the tide is rifen to that point of height from 350 to 500 tons: and if we are to fup- 

when it begins to run Northward \ and thent pofe that the whole, or the greateft part, of 

it has been (hewn, that there is always water thefe 130 ftiips and vefTels would have been 

to go into RtmfgMtes and that, with every riding in the Dt'Wni during this flormy wea- 

wind whereby (he can be amnoyed in the ther, we need nui be at a lofs tojodge wliat 

DvuiPt, (he wUl run rigkt before it into a number of addiiion:.l dangers and diificul- 

'Romjgttt\ and every wind that will ho fair ties muft have been in the way of tliofe 

for (hips to proceed upon their voyages, from which adtually did ride there. I underHand 

the Dtwns, will be alfo /a.r for their failing the number of velTcls ia the D*^wni .if om 

firom Ranjgate. time has rarely ever exceeded 300 fail ; but 

«« If, therefore, it is really eligthU to have jn the bad weather in tfie beginning of the 

an harbour for the reception of (hips in dif- year 1790, and the prefent year, the Davont 

trefs, from the Downtt it muft be upon the were in a great degree cleared, there being 

fat Jhwe of the ^ of ^banet \ and nu place in n^My few /hips left riding in them." 
has yet been pointed out fo proper as 

Ramfrati. *'A Lift of the Number of Ships and 

«« It probably will be thought by many VeflTels that have taken Salter in 

who curforily view the place, and ar^ not Ramfgate Harbour in Stonny Weather, 
fully apprized of the requifites of an artificial 
harbour^ to be a defe£t that this harbour is not 
tmtkrelf covered with water, all over its area» 
at low Waters buttlie Bank is really. of the 
greateft utility, as will appear when the pi- 
lots* reprefentation, p. 57, is fully confidered. 
However, notwithftanding that, for the rea- 
fons already mentioned, none of the (liiices 
have been brought to play upon the Baak, 
yet it has in reality fo much waftec*, that the 
higheft part of wlurt now remains is lower by 

/«« feet tlian the middU of tiie harbour was ^ Among the above were feveral from 

in 1774 ] and iodood it is 16 £u: wafted and 300 to 50c tons buitUeo. and upwards., 

•• Within 



«*lai7?o 


— — 


&9 


1781 


— -« 


56 


178* 


— — 


140 


1783 


— — 


149 


1784 


— — 


159 


1785 


— — 


4'3 


1786 


.— — 


iSi 


1787 


— — 


247 


1788 


— — 


17a 


1789 


— _- 


310 


1790 


— — 


387- 



1791*1 Riview of Ntw PuUicatim. ^747 

« Within the laft fcrcntecn months wp- '• Thou lov'ft to r.inf?c the fields at dawn, 

9vJs wf fix hundred fail of (hi ft and vtph Or meet the (hepherds on the lawn, 

hare ukco (heher in the Harbour, of which At leifurc Ere's advance ; 

mk99€ threw hundred were boond to and from Briik Sport comes tnppmg o er tlie mead, 

the port of Z.W.». And fweetly founds his oaien reed, 

•• Evidence can be produced, that the Har- And joms rhe rural dance. 

hour has been, this Winter, tlie means of fav- u jjot e*en hojr Winter's dreary fway, 

log a great many (hips and veffcls, and pro- ^lot freezing Maft can thee difmay, 

pdtf to the amount of between two and three jjo^ change thy fpiightly mien ; 

btndred thoufand pounds, with a great num- »xis ll»cn thou feek'ft the focial band, 

ber of valuable lives, which otherwife would yy^^j ^Vr their minds, with gentle hand, 

have been driven upon the flats and rocks, Diffiis'ft a joy ferene. 

and, in aU probability, loft." e ^ e '* Though abfcnt Sol his ray denies, 

There arc prefixed a plan of Rami- Round the bright fl^me which An fupplief, 

gue Harbour and a map of the Downs. xhe friendly train regale; 

Some fairy legend each imparts, 

111. Cnruint T^tticml OmpoJ^tloni. Wh.lft rapt Attention, gazing, ftarts 

By E. Bcntley, 0/ Norwich. At ev ry wond nnis tale. 

THIS is cert'iinly an extraordinary "Thy prefence charms flcm Grief to refti 

wrfonnance. The authored is a poor. Thy ligi^t illumes ih' untainted breaft, 

uocducated daughter of a journey a)ao Sweet filler of Content i 

Hocout^L 5 ^ ftffiftancc i-»ke her thou fly'A \\\* ahandon'd mmd, 

ftoemaker, ^»»^' ^^^"^''"^ "^ *^^^^^^ Where Guilt, Defpa-r, and Shame, combined, 

horn books, or even the 0P^«V"»«y ^f . Their haplefs prey torment, 

improvement from coovcrlation, has . , ... r x. i n 1 

exhibited ftrong marks of a poliflied tLi^^^^^^.'^V^^A P? ,1 ^^ 

and fuperior miod. Th. prefent is That Nfelancholy's m,ft d.fpells, 

*.. '"^^ V . ^^. .««•« cfllUd the What graces round thee (hme I 

w,th equal trurh and "^^gT "»*** ^^J Sweet Pllfure ever near ihee ftands. 

Age or Benevolence i and we arc very ^.^^ xraufport, whofc high foul expands, 

happy to find that the humble merit ot ^^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^.^^^^ „ 
Mrs. Bcntley has excited the interelt, 

and obtained the patronage, of an opu- j^ ^^ ^-^J Evidence •/" iht Rifrrftaion of Jefus 
lisnt manufafturing town. Her early confldered\ haDifniirft/rfideHwtedintbo 
talent for poetical compofitioo has beea jiffembfy-room at Buxton, •« Sunday, Sep- 
etgerly encouraged and gencfjouily re- tember 19, 1790. T^ whkb it sdded. At 
\ warded, at a long I ift of fubfcribers fuf- jtddrejt to th* Jews. By Jofcph Prieffcky. 
' ficiently tcftifiei. When wc fay of her ^ Difcourfe 00 fuch a fubjea, deli- 
poems, that they arc always correft, ^^rcd in fuch a place, may well awakca 
frequently animated, and often above ihc curiofuy of the poblick. It is but 
mediocrity, wc hope that many of our f^r to prefume the preacher meant it 
readers will be induced to contribute to fljould do fo; and bemg " an objcft of 
tbepurpofetheauihorefshaainview,of «« diflike, as" he fays "he is, to the 
printing a fecond edition. Toftrengthen «« Clergy of the Church of England," 
fuch a propenfity, it gives us pleafure to prudence and caution are no parts of 
add, that the emoluments of the prefent ^j, chara£tcr. He braves all that cen- 
and future publications are defigned for f^rc on the fcore of prudence, CHUtion, 
• the fupport and comfort of an aged and q^ propriety j and wonders Mr. Bcring- 
wfirm parent. The following is fub- to^^ ^ho, if wc miftakc not, is not only 
joined is a fpecimcn of her abilities: g Catholic prieft but a Catholic picltte, 
.»r^ r. -. lui^v T^fto fcrupled todothe fame when delired i« 

«Hail! Virgin of atstherial birth, dilTcntinp) Sunday-fchool at Birming* 

Tboo more lovely far than Mirth, \i^ni, M . B- i» not fo precipitate, and 

O hither bend thy way! pays more regardVo prudential reafoni 

Come, beauteous Nymph, ferenelyfmdiDg, F^>^ ^^ P.ieftleyX This part of the 

EvVy anxious tboiightbcgu^^^ introduaion will be fufficicnt to \htrct 

Thou mak'll each profpeft gay. ^^^ ^^.^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ tranfaftion, 

. « Thine eye with joy young Spring beholds, without entering into the objedtiont of 

WhmNatuic ev'ry charm unfolds, thedignifiedclergvman,or thepreacher't 

And fpreads thy fciv^ritc hue ; defence. In the ' Addrefs to' the Jews, 

When Eurds to his cave retires, . j^ Phcftlcy rcprelcnu the Unitarians 

AnjjZephyr fans thofe glowing fires nomciius than, M from timi- 

Ttttt verdant hfcreapw. • *• ^ , "dit/j, 



748 



RiViiW of New Pvbluaiiimt 



[Auguft, 



'< dity» or fomc other motive, which he 
'* does Dot undertake to defend, they do * 
'* not make a public avowil of their 
" fentiments." He is " happy to find 
** his Letttrs to the Jcwt have not dif* 
** ple^fed them," when ail the world 
knows hit lowering of CliriOianity 
could by no means bring it dawn to the 
level of the orrhndr»x Jews. To fuch 
unworthy artiBces does this champion 
of truth dtfcend. But the truth is, Dr. 
P. has gone too far, and~is reduced to 
bis own good woid. His flrong holds, 
are broken down, and he has no re* 
Tourcc but a good face and big founding 
words. Cah any man give him credit 
for his aflertion, p. xx, ** you ought to 
•• declare yourfelves Chriflians, though 
•' without ceaHng to be Jews, or difcttf 
•* tinuiMf ajtj of the $bltrvaHces of your 
** oiv» iaiVf which Chrill came nnt to 
** dcftroy but to fulfil. Matt, v, i8?" at 
if thcfe words applied to any other oh- 
ftr*vancit than the moral law; or for 
his other aHertion in the fame page, 
that they fnay, if ihcy pleafe, c.ill 
** David anotbtr Mrjffiabt or a per fun 
•** anointed of God for a preat purpcjfc 
•* reTpc6ting your nation?" as if that 
was all that was intended by that folcmn 
€hara£ler. Ic is demonOrifbly a grofs 
miAake, that '* all the perferutions of 
*• the Jews have arifcn from trinttarian^ 
** i. e. iJoIatrcMs Chiillians." p. xxiii. 
The fundamental difference between 
CiuiHians and Jews is the denial of the 
MelTiabOiip to jeCu^ Chrifl by the latter, • 
who profefs to be ft ill looking for an- 
other Melfiah, of a dtfiercnt chara^cj* 
from a crucified Saviour; and, without 



« The original record of thecommuni* 
'* cation of this mod important truth 
** having been loft, it pleafed the Divine 
** Being to renew ic by Jefut Chrifi, the 
** founder of our religion, &c. &c,**— 
Though we have no fcrupte to admit 
the improbability of the high prieft's 
evafion cf Chrift's refurre£lton, we do 
not think that Dr. P. obviates it in the 
bcl^ manner; and he yicMs coo much 
to vulgar prejudice when he objcfts to 
the more public ap^>earance of our Sa- 
viour after his refurre£^ion. His ap- 
pearance to Paul was a frngular inftance, 
and for a fiugular purpofe, the conver- 
fion of the Gentiles, by the previous 
«onvi€tion of a mod inveterate Jew.— 
The reft of the fcrmon contains good 
arguments for the creJiblity of Chrift's 
rclurref^ion, and for the being of a God^ 
from miracles; and concludes with a 
fuitable application, in which the Doc- 
tor affdns hit well-known do^rint of 
the deep of the foul after death to the 
refurie£tion. 

123. Sptciwunt ef m new ftrfim of Ttiettta* ' 
chust /» wbich is prefixed^ A Deftma tf 
l*citryf Mddrtfled to fnmes Pye, Ljq. Pott 
LMmrtat. By ], D'lfraeli. Tift Sntmi 
EdvioM, corrfyifd, 

WE reviewed the firj edition in our 
vo'. LX. p. 437. Ni't one of the cor- 
redliont then pointed out has been made 
in the fccond. The title is Inverted^. 
and the ** Specimen of a new Tianfla- • 
** tion of Telemachus" takes place of 
the "Defence of Poetry;" but the or- 
der is the iame as before, in the book it- 
fvlf. Mr. D'l. perfiftt m holding an 



entering into mctaphyfical difcuflions of «P'°»V" ^^^'^^^^^ ^/om the criticki, in 

their journals ; and we mutt leave him 

now to the judgment of his readers at 

laige. 



his nature, deny his prophetic claims, as 
the Do£lor himfelf admits, p. 9. Alter 
affirming, p. 5, that ** in what manner 
•* God %%as pleafed to impart to man- 
** kind the firft information concerning 
'^ a future life we are not now Hcquaint- 
** cd, MS we have no account of it in the 
•• writings of Mofes, or in any other 
•* writings now extant j but we 'fee the 
** ffi^ of It in the Jews, who to this 
'* day are- all firm believers in it, and, 
•f with a few exceptions, spjxar always 
** to have believed in i:,'' he adds,* 
** that there tiiouid be a proper rejur* 
** riStQM of the dead, which is the faith- 
** of Jews i«od Chiiiiiaos (being, 1 muft 
*» now p.elume, the clear duttrine of 
*• both the Old and New Tcftumeni), I 
'* \mU venture to iay, mult ever have 
'♦ appeared in the higheft dtgree i.Ti- 
«< pioballe, and iLercfurc inti edible.-* 



124. Profptis and Ohftr^athni on m Tottr to 
England and Scotland, nMurmi, aeconotnUal, 
»nd Itierary, ISy 1 hoi»as Ncwte, £yf . 

THE writer of thclc Oblervations 
firfl prefentcd himfelf to the publick in 
17S8, anonymouily, as if afraid to meet 
the public eye in prtprta ptrfoMO, or 
wiftiing to trull to merit without a name. 
We then offered our opinion as freely * 
as we ft)aU«do now to Mr. Newte, to 
^whom the woik was from the firft 
alcribed. Some of our criticlfmt he 
has attended to, and has retrenched 
much of the boinbalt deknptioaof the 
frtlU of thft Clyde, p. 570! the fecond 
edition. 



/ 



♦ See voL LVill. p. S03, 



P. 62. 



I79I-] 



Rivim •/ Ntw PkHiiati$H$m 



74* 



\ 



P. 6£. Mr. K. baft made matters 
worfe, by faying Blantyre io/iii was 
formerly a m$mBfiirj. We meant to 
iky there were both caJIU and monmfieryi 
at Blantyre. Into his account of GJaf- 
gow Univerfuy he hat interwoven a. 
iilly AiKy of the facility of granting de- 
grees for two Lnu iftJorts. 

P. 68. Mr. N. is determined nerer to 
quit the Scotifh prejudice and vulgar 
error about the YEW-irce at Cruek- 
(lone» adopted by Mr. Cardonell againft 
Anderfon, both nuinifcnatic writers* of 
Scotland. 

P. 113. The ungrammatical pbrafe, 
that I had for as, or kccmitft I had f^en, 
ilill continue; and, p. 137, al/crfor aU 
dtv I which, p. 414, he explains by 
arne\ alfo, ferpent/jvizing, p. 148; its 
njvboli mtmhtrti p. 171 { general ixciu-^ 
mtutf p. 2841 rubbi^^, p. 311; builty 
or tf-building, p. 324. 

As «r vindication of himfelf from the 
mif-tranilation of Cuningham, pointed* 
out by us, he contents himlclf with 
faying, p 270, *• The juxia portion of 
'* two fentencet io this quotation re- 
^' conciles an apparent inconfidency 
'* that has been noticed by fome who 
** call theiniclves criticks." Mr. Hi 
only incrcafes the difficulty ; for it was 
not the imconfifieney of the author, but 
tlie incorrtHmtfi of his tranflator, that 
we pointed out. The note in the firft 
edition is made Uxt in the prefent, with 
a crufi for the triticks. 

**• Nothing but. the hope of being in 
** fome degree beneficial to mankind 
'< would have induced the author to 
^^ offer the views and obfcrvations con* 
** twined in this volume to the publick. 
" Part of them were publifhed two 
** years ago, in a fmall oflavo, inri- 
*Mulsd, A Tour in England and Scot^ 
*» Und, by an En^tijb GcntUman. As 
** that book was honoured with fimc 
** ih^r'e of public approbation, he h^s 
** been edcouiai^ed to increafc the 
«• work very conliderably by the rcvi- 
" Hon of many notes that he h^d Tup* 
"'piciTcd, and the rccollc£tion of va- 
** riou» fa£ls and fccnes that he had 
** palled over uuuoticcd. He begs leave 
" to ackuowledge iiis obligatiobk to fc* 
" veral Icained and ingenious Scotch- 
" men, who have done him the honour 
" of communlcatiug is> him much im- 
•• p«rtant information." Adveriifemtmt* 

Additions. P. 32. importation of 
Stafiotdihirc wa:e clay, from Teign-^ 
moufh. r. 50. Walhing and flainiiig 
bcfuic nuriu^ci in Scotland and Pcrlia. 



P. 57. Stone bytrl 61H. P. ^$. Vrew^ 
*from a hill above Loch L>om<)nd. P. 8S. 
On Leafes of farms. P. 90. Of Giaf- 
gow degrees. Plan of herring* Bib«ry^ 
p. 93-^112, much improved And enlarg- 
ed. P. 115/ Particolars of Dunflaffen- 
age. Prf 124— 134T Of the manaeemenc 
of eftates in Scotland. P. 143—147. Xn^ 
veraefs, and its en viroas. P. 14S— i ^ou 
Caulder caAle, and cultivation round it. 
P. 154. more of Forres. P. 152— j 54* 
Murray frith. P. 1^6. Piufcardia ab» 
bey. <* I have been repeatedly toid^ 
'* that the bed fruit*trees in Scotland 
*' are ftxind in the gardens of the old 
'' religious houfes; and that they are 
** all planted on circular caufewayt of 
*' flat (tones. This pra6tice, which at' 
" hrft (ighc appears to be rather a charm 
<< than any part of rural ccconomy, wat 
'' founded on a phyfical caufe. The bed* 
"of (lone prevented the roots of the 
'' trees from Ariking downwards, gave 
'< them an horiiontal diredion, and 
'* brought them into a wider coataft 
'* than they would have otherwi(b felt 
** with ihc genial mould at the furface. 
'* of the earth, fertilized by the infiu- 
*< ences of heaven. It is in a (imilar, 
'* though inverfe ratio, that vines, and 
" other fruit-bearing .(brubs and trees, 
'* are greatly improved by checking 
** their perpendicular growth, and lead- 
" ing them, by efpaliers, along the 
** gtound.'*^ P. 1 57. Of religious houfea 
in Scotland. P. 15 8.. Burgh of Moray. 
P. 159. Mr. N. jufliy condemnj the 
planning Scotch firs inllead of corn.. P. 
160. more of Gordon cadie. P. 162* 
Of the Spcy, and the furrounding coun- 
uy. P. 166. Old caftlc of Findlater. 
P. t68— t7a. FraCerburgh and Caern«^ 
bulig caftles. P. 174. more of Petcr«« 
head. Buchan county. P. 176. Frencit 
language ul'ed in Scotland. P. l78«' 
Haddo. P. 179—181. Cultivation and 
tJie (inking fuud. P. 1R2— 194. Kild* 
rummy cattle MonymuAt. ADctdccn- 
fliire. P. 197. Aberdeen harbour i 199. 
and manners; 200-— 202. and univer* 
(»ty. P. 217 — 221. Perth. P. 224.— 5. 
Creiflf, &:c. P. 227^^247. Benvooloch 
mountain, Gleinalmon, and the High* 
landi, and OHian's popm and tomb. P^ 
256—8. The Ochills. P. 259 — 262. 
Arduch, and hills about it, P. 293— 
goo Ot navigable canals ia general, and 
that of Langucidoc m.partKular, com- 
pared with the CarroA navigation. Pi 
291, "A lilver coin of Robert Bruce, 
<* value half a. mark, was given by a 
*' gcoilcmaa io A«gyle(birc t'» Mr. G. 

•• Dcmpllcr, 



7SO 



Rmtw of Uew PubUcaiUm^ 



[Auguft, 



«* DempfttTf ittd loft hj bim at Pool- 
*< Ewe, in RofKfiiire, with this infcrip* 
** tioD I RobtrUu Dei Gratia Rix Sc0t§^ 
«• rumf Prineept Fiaornm. This hOt^ 
** which it aothenticated by Mr.Demp- 
«« fter and Dr. Thorkelin, profeflbr of 
*' hiftory and ci? il law in the Univcrfity 
^* of CopcDhagen, it curiout^on two ac- 
<( counct. Firft, it ihewt that the Pi^^ifh 
** origin of the people on the Eaftern 
<< fide of the coantry, in thofe times, 
** was dill remembered ( and, fecondly, 
** it it an inftance, among many othert, 
" of the Scotilh imitating the £nglifli, 
** afr the Englifli imitated the French. 
** Edward II. of England, contemporary 
<' with the Great Robert of Scotland » was 
'* called the Prince of Wales, a coun* 
*' try fubdued by the Engliib. Robert, 
*' it feems, afluined the title of Prince 
*' of the Pi£i8, a people that had fillen 
** under the dominion of the Scots." 
We cannot help wilhing this anecdote 
in the coinage of Scotland had been 
better authenticated) efpecially at in 
Mr. Cardonnell't accurate account of 
the Scotiih money, we find not the 
tnoft diftant hint, nor does there appear 
room for this addition to the commonly- 
received legend. Perhaps it is a lucky 
circumftance that this unique is loft.<^ 
P. 300— a.Camelon. P. 347<— 361. E* 
din burgh prdfeiTori and degrees. P. 
365. On the ftudy of phyiick there. P. 
372«-5. Of the Nonjurors, and the 
Uws of Scotland. P. 381— -392. Of 
lands, land-holders, and entails in Scot- 
land. P. 393. Melrofe. P. 394. Po« 
puloufneft of Scotch bordert, and con- 
sanguinity of the Scott and Welfli, 
S roved by the word F/aiv, the Celtic 
nut, for a mounuin. Hume's account 
of the battle of Flodden omitted, and 
all about the Danes and Northumbri- 
ans, and Profeflbr Thorkelin, who, it 
is believed, will not ihew himfelf fo, 
communicative to thit country at the 
ciTilitiet he received in it feemed to ^e- 
inand. A geographical anatomy of 
Scotland fills up pp. 40i"^4i9. Civil 
ibciety divided into tour periods. A* 
necdotet of two Indian chieft. 

** In the country of the Illianoit, a 
«< chief, I think, of the Carcaikiat, 
** whole name I do not remember, con- 
** ccived the lublime idea of uniting all 
^' the Indian natioat and tribes into one 
** grand alliance, offenfive and defeo- 
*' live. If this had been realized, Dr. 
*' Franklin's confederation of theThir* 
^* teen States would have cut but a poor 
** figure on the American continent. 



f* and the nattsral man ivoold have otit- 
** done the philofopher." Nothing can 
be truer than this obfervation. It %ews 
the folly of the French thcorifls in at- 
tempting to equalise men after they 
have lived for centuries in a (late of ci- 
vilized fociety. Yet Mr. N, p. 431, 
compliments the National Alfeoibly 
for what they have effe^ed. He con- 
clodet, in p. 4t7^-'437t by propofing 
the gradual inveftigation of the Natural 
Hiftory of Scotland, by the parochial 
clergy, finder the diredion of a commit- 
tee appointed by the Royal Societict of 
London and Edmburgh, and an annual 
council of deputier, rather than by cor- 
refpondence of the clergy addrefi'ed to 
an individual, who, << however diftin- 
** guiihed by genius, rank, or fortune, 
** or even by a happy or rare union of 
" all thefe advantaget, cannot poflibly 
** be confidered by a whole nation at a 
" fit centre *of luch general co-ope- 
«* ration." 

Mr. N. has confiderably improved 
hit work in thit fecond edition; to 
which he had added 18 new plates, and 
a map of the contour of Scotland, and 
dedicated it to the King, << ambitious of 
'* bringine under the review of the fa- 
** xher of his people the unfortunate cir- 
*' cumftances which in the Nonhern 
'< part of the united kingdom difcqu- 
'' rage agricultural improvement, fetter 
** commerce, and fubjef^ the labouring 
** poor to harlh and rapacious treatment 
** from their fuperiors.' 



»» 



115. Gmeral Rigulmkms f$r Jm/feBion and 
Ctntrcml of ali tbt Prifmi i fgibtrwitbthi 
RmkSf OfJtrt, and Byt'Lawt for tU G^ 
^nrntmM of tbt Ga§l u»d Ptmttntmryho&ft 
fir tht Cntwty of Gloocelier, imsdo, fabCJb' 
ed, mud datared ai « G$tunU or ^gfier 
Seliomt of tbt Pioctf boidetif bj Mjourmwuntf 
•H tko lyb 0/ July, 1790, mud comfinmd by 
ibi yndits of Afpsa, mi tb€ yfjfizit beU for 
tbijmm Comnty, oa tbt 6tb Dmy ^Auguft, 
1 790. Tbt Tbird Editiom. 
THE fpirit of Howatd furvives and 
actuates in this inftance, we trufi, among 
many others, the management of thole 
unhappy members of fociety who, ia 
fpi'e of every incitement to virtuous in* 
duOry, prefer mifchievous idlenefs, and 
forfeit their lives to folitude Or death,^ 
thofe mifcrable fubliitutes to involun- 
tary labour. The prefent regulations 
extend to gaols, and priibns adjoining, 
and their wretched inhabitants, who are 
divided intodifiercntclalTc* of male and 
female felons, king's evidences, the 
condemned to die^ male and female 

fines 



'79»0 



Xiviiw 9/ Nm pMHUaihm. 



fioet. (debton to the king, or peHbot 
committed in default of furetiet to ap- 
pear at the aflixes or quarter felTioDt), 
male and fcmaic debtors, xale and fe- 
male penitentiary or coovi£(ed felons | 
bridewell annexed to the gaol. All 
thefc feveral rules, orders, and regula- 
tions, with the table of feet, were ap* 
proved by the chairman and 24 jafiices, 
and conhrmed by Barons Perryn and 
Buller, Aug. 6, 1790^ Thefe regula- 
tions and bye-laws were fuggeAed to 
the JuAices of the peace for the county 
at Urge, by Sir (teoi-ge Onefiphorus 
Paul, who, at the requed of the Bench, 
has thus rcpublilhed them, with his ad- 
drefs to the faid juftices, aifemblcJ at 
the Michaelmas general qu/trcer feiliont, 
with which he then introduced them. 

We recommend this as a very ufeful 
book. 

ia6. RtJUflioMf m thi lajuftit* of tbi Britiih 
Crtwm'Lawtf (•far a* tbtfsm* rdstiin thi 
Pmii/hmtmt ofCapiul Feiomu. 

THIS reformer of criminal police 
complains heavily that coiners and fpiet 
are hanged, *' with a lecret and an un- 
<* accountable pleafure in the bread of 
•* their blood-guilty executioner," while 
the corrupter of Ttrgin innocence and 
the adulterer goromute their crimes by 
a pecuniary compeniation. He obje£ls 
to the publicity of our executions, for* 
gerting the ftronger objedion to the 
pi iv/4te ones performed in the prifons of 
other couniric*! and, after mifrepre- . 
Tenting the attendance of the fhenflf, or 
his deputv, *' atttndcd by their domeftic ^ 
** fervants, decked out in taJilSf and • 
" ornamientcd with all th^ vain and 
'• g4udy trappings of fckolaftic finery," 
he tells us, two pages forward, that he 
does not objed to the attendance of the 
iberiff, under-fl)trij, coniUbles, and 
other roferior officers, but only to the 
'' manner and the publicly indecent lo- 
•• caliiy of its oblcrvance." He pro- 
pofes a place of execution far diilant 
from the metropolis and the public 
roids, yet freely accclfible to all who 
like fach fpe^tacles. His reafoning, fiom 
Scripture, that only murder was puniih* 
ed with death by the Mofaic law, is a 
miftake. Blalph^my and I'acnlege, fmit« 
ing, or even curling parents, witchcraft, 
and bcafiiality, were capitally punilhtd ; 
the two 6rli of which arc riot under 
the Chiidian fyiUm, except by fuch as 
c^n cooArue '* hereticpm ^fuiia** into 
capital punidiment. If the fifth com- 
fflaodmeot was as abfolutp as this wiixtt 



7Si 

prefumct, th«re oould be no war, at leaft 
of the offitnfive kindt and ret offenfire 
war, and the extirpation of whole na* 
tiont, are repeatedly enjoined in the Old 
Te(\ament, both under the theocracr 
and the kingly adminiftration. Thoie 
who reafon thus abftra^edly forget that 
in the Jewifli gbvemment the Deicf, 
who was their fupremc ruler, took oa 
himfelf the punilhmcnt of many crimes, 
for which he provided no human pu« 
niihmcnt ; and our free- thinkers as m- 
confiderately make the fanguinary laws 
of Moles an obje^oo to their divine 
inOitution. The law of retaliation, oa 
which' our author iniifts fo much, is 
difufed in all legiflatures, and may be 
fuppofed to have been done away by 
Jefus Chrilt bim(elf. Laws are relative 
to the conflitution of the people where 
they obtain i and one might as well in- 
trodace the Spartan encouragement of 
theft as object to the £ngli& punilh- 
roent of it. We have repeatedly ha4 
occafion to remark, that our Saviour 
inftituted no fvfiem of civil polity; 
confequcntly, nothing in his dodrine 
has any reference to civil or political 
juriCprudence. If the palfive do£trine 
which he oppofes to retaliation is not to 
be ** taken in its liberal fenfc," much 
lefs is that of forgivenefs of trefpafTes. 

To this writer's argument, drawn 
from the " fending a fellow-creature 
^* out of the world in the career of 
'* folly and wickednefs, at a time wbea 
** he hath neither inclination nor, per- 
" haps, power to repent, and thus de- 
" priving him of all opportunity of 
" making atonement for his paft con- 
** du£l," we need only oppofe the ex- 
ample of hanging up, infiaotly, the 
ringleaders of a mutiny on board a 
tran(port bound to Botany-bay, or 
fhooting tbofe of the riots of London, 
1780, or at Birmingham, 1791, whea 
the criminals would be in tUt mid ca- 
reer of their crimes; and let him aik 
himfelf, coolly, what relburce Mercy or 
Humanity hold out on thefe occafions, 
or what tfftOt a '* fvAem of criminal 
" prevention, conn poled of perfonal con- 
" finement and corporal punifliment,*' 
would have in pioducing the defired 
reformation, Wronger than what has 
been now invelligated ? Wc are furry 
we C'tnnnt commend the compoficion, 
rcafouing, or priuting of this pamphlet* 

tij.j^ Liittr t9 the Right tlwurabU Charles- 
James Fox, occapomed hy bit iatt Motlm In 
tbe titif/t •/ C mmtnireftmng Li!'tU\ and 



752 



Rtvhw $f Niw Public^tonsi 



[Auguft, 



M^^'V /£r sUrmimg CanfifHiUca Bktly f capability*m«o, and the negle6( of Sir 
cMfueif tbi Silt now bcfcrs iki UiiJUturt '^' «.*.*►• .•• 

9pon ti>nt SithjrS Jbou!d pdft it/0 a Lam, 
i?y j. Bowleg £/}» cj tbt Inner Temple^ 

MR. B. addrelTed the publkk Utely 
(fee p. 548) on I he fubjef^ of innova- 
tions in'che prefent law of libels. " He 
•♦ fecU it bis atiditiopel duty to cndea* 
*^ vour to refcue the prcfcnt pia£iice 
•* fiom objc6tioni to which, if thorough- 
*< ly undrrAnod, it will not appear to be 
•fiiable, and which he bad too much 
<* rAndour to anticipate at leaA in the 
«• form m which ihey were made. He 
^ alfo wiflics to promote the con(\,dcra- 
** tion of the real tendency of ihe p'an 
'* propofcd to be fubftttutedj while, 
•* with'great deference and timidity, he 
«« ventures to fuggtfl, but in a very ge- 
" neral manner, a regulation which ap- 
'* pears ro him not only unexceptiona- 
** ble, but calculated to meet the whole 
*^ of the objections, founded or un* 
*♦ founded, to the prefent mode of pro- 
•/ cecding» to ^ive complete fatisfadtion 
•'to the publitk, and to fccure a juft 
•« and f*!utarv freedom of the prefs to 
«• the remctcft polWrity. While fchcmes 
«* of inconfidtrabi* innovation arc fup- 
*^ poned by r!ie general encomiums (»n 
«* the mode of trial by jury, the publiik 
«* w,iil rcmcmbir that the true quclUon 
** is Wh'ch cf the two fyftems before 
•* them moft favour the conllituiional 
** rights of juries? The author lays-in 
•* hit claim to an equally fcrvcn: hot 
'* more rational atiachmcnt to thofc 
♦' ri>;hts than can conlift with any pl?n 
'* which- cjnfo-jnds the important di(' 
'• tmtfiiftn i)ctwten law and fai^ ; and 
** l)c wtlhcs \\\^ ihxfir.ne ro he lubnutied 
•• 10 no «Jilitr ccA iimh ihtir untlcncy 
*' ro pioiiiorc the ori^^inal deiign, as 
^ well as to prcfcrve the real impoit- 
M ance, rcfpciUbility, and ufcfulncfs <»f 
** tivat Ucred inAituiitiin, a TRIBUNAL 



Thomas Robinfon's Virgilian mono on 
his gate-piers at Rookby, which, ere 
now, it mav be, have (bared the fate of 
his mufeum of antiques at the fame 
place, Mr. F. propofes a kind of tern* 
porary patch- work, to remedy the da- 
mages and wounds of trees by unikilful 
management and external accidents, in- 
ftead of fupplying the deficiency by 
plantation and culture. Not only ve- 
getation and iocreafed fruitfulnefs, but'' 
foundnefs of timber, and healthful ve- 
getation, arc to be reAored to trees 
cracked and cankered, by his compolU 
tion, applied, in the manner of a plaficr, 
to the wounded or injured part; which, 
being of a foft aiid healing nature, pof- 
feifes an abforbent and adhefive quality, 
and, by refitting the force of wafhing 
rains, the ccntra^lion of nipping fmfts, 
and the efFcfls of a warm fun, or drying 
winds, excludes the pernicious inflaence 
of a changeable atmofphere. 

This prefcription may be fccn in our 
p. 56^. 

129. The Duty rf Chri/fUns f Mupjlrafes : A 
Serm^rif tccajibr.ed by the late Hiott ct Hir- 
minr.ham, frfirbed at King's Wcigh- 
lioufo, Eaft* Cheap, <•.« Lt>rd't'Day AT rrJrgf 
July 241 1791. //'i'ij a prrfixfd Aidrtft lo 
th: Publ'.ckf inteaJtd to nmentt tht Refttoe^h 
Itutly faUn on Pruf/lant JJiJ/inters, By 
John Clayton. 

THE preacher concurs with us iu 
opinion, that the kingdom of Chiii'i is 
not of this world, and ihat hi:i miniftcis 
have hufmcfs cuouj^h of thtir own to 
^mind wtrhnut interfering wiih politick?, 
H s aiiv!ich to the publick is foiciLIe 
and j'ifl : and liis difcouffe, rli^u^h 
n(<'fl»tti^ an nj.-o'.<,t»y for ihc co rjipu fit u>r., 
actd ft 1.1 inf>:c ft'i the pc^ntiu^, is to the 
puriofc. That our rcadeis mav judge 
of the former, wc have here fuLjoiutd it 
at I'>rgc, and added the bell: pallage ir^ 
the icimon. 

" An Adduess to the Pubi.ick. 
** The truths and duties of religion tv.^f 
12?. CkfervatJirtt on the DiCrsfes, Defers, and frequently be cnfjiced uith peculiar advau- 
Jnju*iei in nil Kinds ef Frwit end Fore/l ta^e, l)y a fuilablc regard to providential oc- 
Trees ; «»/>/> an Account of a fa'ticufar Me- 



OF PEERS. 



fho-i of Cye^ tn-vented and f^ra^ijed Ay Wil- 
' liam Forfyth, Gardener to hit Majefiy ul 

Kenfmsion. 

WHILE fo many noble oak?, the 
p^ory of t>ur iflc, have received their 
death- wai rant from the hands of an- 
nuitants, mortgagees, borough-hunters, 
gamcHers, and a ihoufand private ex- 
irava^nnis, not to mention the rapacity 
of ilcwards, woodwaids^ builders, and 

3 



airrcnces. 

•< The late unhappy rioti at Birmingham 
gave occafion to the foilouing fcrmon ; in 
which the oMit^.'it ions of Chndians to prc- 
fcrvc the characU r of the yw»/ in tb* land are 
Aated and recommcmltd. 

** 1 he difann fe ua> attdrcfled to a con- 
gjvgation of Pioteftani Ddrentci^, compofed 
of jxirfons who have not yet learned, wkh 
philofophizing i.hriAians, to rcjedt the au- 
thority, or explain awsy the obvious mean- 
ing, of the infpircd writuig^. 

" Being 



\ 



1791O RiViiw $f Niw PubHiatioMi 753 

<< Being a DtiTenting-mioifter, I lave with fuborJinatlon) have been dignified wlc!i the 

heartfelt concern known, that the religious appellation oi jlp^fiUi cf Ubcrty, 
and political fentinnents of Diflenters at large " I may add, farther, there were not a few 

have been mifonderAood and nnifreprelfcnted among the Dilfcnters, both of cheir clergy 

by tlie puMick. in generaL The origin of this and laity, who difipproved of the manner in 

prejudice 1 do not attribute to former, ani- which application was made to Parlbment 

Twifity — ^to jealoufy in tlie King or his Mi- for the repeal of the Teft and Corporation 

nifters — to bigotry in Biibops— -or. prejudice Afls. The want of fuccefs arofe, in a great 

in Churchmen. No ; the caufe is Co be meafure, fcom the imprenfion made on the 

found in tlie conda£i of individuals among mind^ofDigiVitaries in the Church, and n urn* 

eurfthffs ; who, leaving the quiet duties of bers of the Houfe of Commons, by the in- 

their profetfioai have Jj^kem and nonttm > temperate refolutions framed aod carried at 

fer%trji tbhgtf to draw away dijciplu tftir Various couutyomeetings. 
tbim, '* Very many ferious Chri Aians in the Ef- 

<< It is a mournful fo^ that a torge body tabliihed Chutxh, as well as among Diflen- 

of modem Diifeoters, under the fan^ion oif ters, are grieved tliat the ordinance of the 

reafon and fcience, falfely fo called, liave I<rord*s Supper, inftituted purely for a fpiri- 

apollatized from tlie d»armei of the Re for- tual end, Ihould be perverted, and made to 

matim ; and fome can vilify, in very oppro- ferve a fecular purpofe. Surely the crofs of 

brious language, tlie trutbt which their an- Chrift ought not to be iufulted by perfons 

I ceftors contended for, with metineft of wif» eager to prefs into the temple of Mammon. 

Jbai, at the ex pence of their liberty, treafure, '< The Britifh Legiilature is accefTibls | 

and blood. It is true, the Reformers in Ger- fubje^ of this free couiury may pecition» 

many, and the champions in the caufe of no^ contumelioufly, but with decency, a 

' Evangelical truth in England, both in the Ef- corrected temper, and prf^per reverence for 

Cablifhed Cluirch and among Nonconforrailtsy fuperiors. The number of refpe^bd>le Dif- 

were fallible men : let tliofe alfo, >vho are fenting-miniflcrs was not fmall, who, in the 

bmt mm tbiwtfehes, recoiled oo whofe aihes late application to Parliament, difapproved ' 

lliey trample when tiiey ridicule the fenti- of bbnding religious and fectilar reafoos as 

-roents held facred hy men of tried integriyf grounds o( com pLiinL They wifhed, as «i- 

\ who, in tlieir confeiiions, fpoke and wrote, ni/UrSf to urge only what they deemed a f>r«» 

pot the effiifion^ of cnthufia6n, but wordj §/ fanaiioa of the Lord's Supper as the argu* 

truth amd fobtrmft. meat for a repeal. For we do not find that 

'* This fad apodafy of modem Noncon- the New Tc (lament Church ever contended* 

fbnnifts is to be afcribed to, at leafl, a panial in her proper chara^er, fur any (hare in the 

denial of the infpiratkm of the Scriptures, government or emoluments of worldly 

particularly the fcpiftles of St. PauL We kincdims. 

are not to be furprized if men, who vacate <* Others, liaving reafon to believe thac 

! the nile of Ciith m Jefus ChrUl, IhouVl be fome of our Reformers were influenced by 

defe^ve in deference, and in obedient re- enmity againft the dq£lrinal articles of the 

sards to nien who are railed to oflkes of fn- Eilabhfh^ Churqb, 2nd the ortliodoxy o£ 

perior inHuence, fur the puqKifes of civil her Liturgy, could not fAcrifiee their pious 

order and public good. The bouoJleis li- regard to truth, thougli in a dmrch they had 

berty fome have exercifed ia judging of the- feparatcd fixun, to the ))4)licy of men who« 

ological fubjech, isaflbciatedwithoppofttton with refpe(51 to Goil mir Stvii ur, only coii* 

to the regulations of Govtrainenty and impa- fidt to cad him down from his es^cclleocy. 
tience under refh^ints very pnidefiUy imt "Should appUcatio'i be again made to 

pofed on perfons feparating rnxn the efbd>- PjirUament, the member:, of thrit auguft af- 

lilhctl religion of their country. ferably may be affui cd the DifTencers arQ. 

•■ 1 do venture to afKrm (thot^h uncom- not unanimous hi ilefirin? a repqiil of the 

millioned), in the name of many of my bre- Ted and CorjMration Acls. i 1uk>w nvuiyv 

thren in the minidry, men vcrtyr^ble fior of Uie fird chara^er and opulence, who, «// 

tlieir years--of found learning aqd exemplary tbingt con/idirtdf wifh that what is at red 

piety — uieful men, and highly edcemed in may not be didurbed. 
our churches, — as well as m the name of a " If any ihuuld afk, what is n^y motive for 

vad body of the laity,-^! affirm, that we writing this fbc»rt addre(s ? for anfwcr 1 cau 

greatly diCapprove of il^ thcologicid and ^ afllire the p'lhlick, I have no intered of ava- 

htical fentim«i)t5 of thofe who (by a patent rice to promote, b^ii^ contented with that 

of their own creation) ilyle themfelves i^a- abundance which ^ given me to enjoy. I 

tvmal D'ijftmeri. have no intered of fome ; i am fatisfied in 

** The dif.ilTeAion to Government, ex- being known \.kk that circle wliere my pro- 

preffed in toads drunk at Revolution Clubs fedWnal duty calls me. 1 value human ;^p- 

*-in pamphlets— in fcrmons — mud not be pi.iufe when it is the c?ho of a fcntence pro- 

Impmed to il»e Diffcniefs asab«idy; but to nounced by my co^fcience, directed, in its 

tjioCe of them who Itave been corrupted by favourable verdi^, by the Holy Spirit, which 

fnen of bdents, wlio (in this a^e of ifnpai^ed is promifed \fi them i\v^ believe. Keithej-,^ 
QiNT. Mao. ^%uJI^ 1751, u^ 



754 



Rivlew of New Publieaihns. 



[Auguft, 



in writing this, do T give yent to party-zeal : 
avowedly I am not of any party, nor at- 
tached to any fe^ of rdigions profefTorS) as 
an ifland : 1 Hve in my aife^iuns on the 
great Chriftian continent. NotwithftandinK 
this declaration of liberalityi I renounce afi 
pretenTions to the modem harlot-like cha- 
rity, which opens her arms to prmnifcuous 
luft ; I deflre no charity beiides that which 
rrjoicetb im the tmtb, 1 muf^ add, I am not 
impelled by fear, I have no apprehenflon of 
danger, for I have not raifed the people, 
nettli^r in the fynagogues nor in the city ; 
neither againft the law, nor yet againft Cx- 
far, have I offended any thing at all. While 
realty employed in the quiet duties of my 
profeliion, my religious political creed for- 
bids all fear of man. / Mi^e tbat tbi Lard 
God ommpotoit nignetb. I believe 'tbe turatb 
of man jball praijt Cod, and tbe rtmaimder of 
watb bi will riflratn, Laftly, I believe he 
ivho trufi»tb itr tbi Lordf and d^etb goodf fball 
dwelt in tbe Und, and n/tr'tly bt fiill be fed. 

'* In writing thefe pages I have been in- 
fluenced \iyjyjlke to the DilTenters as a body, 
Jo my brethren in tlic miniftry, and to roy- 
felf; and alfo to difabufc, and fet free from 
tniilake, the minds of my fuperior$ and fel- 
low- fubje^s, who may think this addrefs 
and the following iermon worthy of their 
attention^ As to compofition, &c. excufe is 
neceflary ; bqt I make no apology for the 
fentiments they contain. 

** Should miy perfons give themfclves the 
'double of taking public notice of wh.t 1 have 
advanced, let them not conftrue my future 
filence (for I am determined to reply to no 
one) into conviAion. In confidering the 
following fot)rje<5l 1 have difregarded the the- 
ories of modem political divines and pbilofo- 
phers. Tlie ideas of Scripture on the duty 
of Chridians with refpe^to ix>liticks, I have 
endeavoured to collet : and the dictates of 
infpired wifdom, relative to every obligation, 
I hope to carry with me unaltered to the 
grave. J. Clayton. , 

Hi^bbury -place, Iflirgtony 'July 30, 1 79 1." 

P. 31. << Should a foreigner, with his (hip, 
ehter one of our harbours at a time when tiie 
inhabitants of this ifland were agitated by 
jdt-ring opinions, you ^ould judge it was liis 
duty to make the bell of the times, land his 
cargo, difpofe of it, and retire quietly about 
his bufmefs. Should he, inftead of fnch pru- 
dent condudl, indifcreetly meddle with mat- 
ters out of his province, and a lawlefs rabble 
ihould bum his Ihip, we ought to regret the 
unjuftifiable outrage, hut we Ihould not 
wonder, becaufe he came out of his place. 
It would greatly aggravate the offence of this 
bufy-body if he were tolerated, not only :o 
land from his ftiip the fpicps of Arabia, but 
the mo(l poifonous drugs. This unreftrain- 
ed liberty, abufed to purpofes hoHile to the 
general content of the nation, muH lelfen the 
piiy which humauity tinder every fpecies of 



fuilbring claims. After 811,^0100^ this med • 
dling captain fay the horning of his (hip was 
perfecution for righteoufne&fake, we rouft 
bew;^l the inCttuation la which his folly 
terminates.** 

130. A Dfffert0tio9 Mr fmjpendid Refpiratim 
from Drowning, Hanging, and Si^ffocaiiam 
sjn wbicb h recommended a different Made of 

Treatment ea any bitbern pointed out* By 

Edward Coleman, Surgeon. 

THIS Diflertation obtained tfat 
prize-medal of tbe Rovai* Hum an I 
Society, as the beft compofition that 
app^red in anfwer to the queflion» 
'* Whether emetics, vencre^ioo, or 
<< eleflricity, be proper in fufpended 
** animation, and under what circum- 
" ftancc5*?»» 

In hTs theory and treatment of the 
difeafc, the author differs very mate- 
rialiy from Dr.Goodwyn and Mr.Kite, 
who have lately written upon the Tub* 
jc£l I and, by a number of curious ex- 
periments, endeavours to invedigacc the 
proximate caufe of fufpended anima- 
tior. Dr. Guodwyn attributes death| 
in thefe cafes, to the blood contained in 
the left auricle and ventricle of the 
h-^art being incapable of exciting their 
contraction, from the privation of the 
ufual llimulus fupplicd by the air; and 
hence he derives the immediate caufe 
of the fufpended circulation. Mr. Kite^ 
on the other hand, attributes it to apo- 
plexy ', and confiders the iloppai^e of 
the mttUrt of the lungs as the firfi, in- 
ternal, efficient caufe of death. In x>r* 
der to afccrtain the truth or fallacy of 
thofe opiniaos, on a fubjc6t fo import- 
ant, the author of the prefcnt work had^ 
rccourfc to a variety of experimeots 01^ 
different animals, which are here re« 
lated, and afford a relblt in dircSt con* 
tradi£lion to the above theories. Mr, 
Coleman maintains that fufpended refpi- 
ration is induced by neither of the caufet 

♦ The author received the prize-medal 
from the hands of Dr. Hawe$, in the prefenco 
of the vice-prefidents, clergy, and a numbe^ 
of gentlemen alTembled for the purpofe, at 
the London Coffiee-hoidfe. After an inge- 
nious and learned addrefs delivered by the 
Do^or; the author, Mr. Coleman, modelUy 
replied, tliat lie confidered himfelf highly 
honoured by this diilioguifhed mark of th« 
Society's approbation ; but that, whatever 
(hare of merit they thought his Elfay entitled 
to, was, in ttk6kf to be attributed more tp 
the la\>ours and information he had received 
from the judicious publications of the Royal 
Humane Society, tlian to any ideas he could 
polhUy entertain of his owu abilities. 

alTignc^ 



1 



'79''] ^^'W ff Niw PuiUcathns. — Index Indicatorius. 755 

affiencd by thofe tuthors, but by toU powers by which the vital fun6liont nre 

imffi mf tht im^s I by which bt means performed, the frdmers of the language 

•a eoiptyiBg ofthe greater part of tbeir of pbilofopby would not have recurrtd 

atr» which occaiioni fuch a mechanical to the invention of the terms 'vitalitj 

obllruAion in the iwSirior pulmonary and principie ^f Ufi» 

Tefl*elt at prevents the right fide of the The experiments from which he 

heart from expelling its contents. draws his con clu (ions fee m to have been 

I>r. Goodwyn and Mr. Coleman have condu£led with addrcfs, and to be rc« 

objedled to the term Sufpcndcd Anima- lated with candour. Should his theory 

tioB«— *< Refpiration and Circulation," be well founded, which we fee no rea- 

lays the latter, ** may be fufpencftd ; Ton to difpute, the plan of tteatment 

'< but the principle of life, or i'ulccpti- hirherto generally adopted mud, in 

** bilitv of a£)ion, which is the fource forne inftances of appatcnt death, prove 

^' of chefe fundioasi may l^ili remain, injurious. The author has adapted his 

<* Life, therefore, can with no propriety method of cure to his view of the proxi* 

'' be faid to be fufpended when the vital m'4te caufe ofthe difeafe; and, as it 

^ principle is prefent." differs iii fome efl'ential points from that- 

This conclufion ofthe author, and, in common ufc, we recommend the woik 

confequcntly, the fum of his ohje6lions, to the attention of medical pta£liiioncra* 

if founded on the fuppolitinn that Life ■ 

and Animation are fynonymous (but INDEX INDICATORIUS. 

whenever an obj«£lion is taken to term$y If N. P. who (p. 504) enquires whether 

the obje£lor fliouid conHder the precife it is confiilent with principles of iutmrnr and 

menoing and force of fuch terms. The confcience to fell tlie peq^etunl advowfon of 

term OMtmatioM conveys an idea very an ecclefiaftical living, will take the trouble - 

different from that ufually undcrAood to perufc " Strianrcs on Moilcm Simony," a 

by the viUl prmcipisi inftead of de- ^^ pamphlet printed in 1767, he will find 

noting the phncipU, it rather fignifies fomcobfcrvations on the fubjca well wortU 

the cSnJeqJ.tii flowing from thai prin- L''**Tr"°?H- ?, /^r'^il'Tr V ^'' 

• . •''fu- I .:. J er.^'c .-JT- ^e he will fend his addrcfs, diredlcJ to the Rev. 

ciple. The latitude of fignification of ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^^^ ^.^^ ^,. j^^j^,j^ 

-inoft words isadefea m language >*hich Bookfeller, (n Stockport, CK^re, he may 

It IS eafier to lamient than to remedy, ^^^.jy „^^ ^j^j, ^ f^,,^r anfwer. 

However, the mod received fignihcation Mr. Jambs Homs, who refided fome 

of the word animaiio* is, the manifefi" years at Rome, and has a very great coUec- 

iMg^ bj aSion^ tbofe ppwen *wbich arifif iion of papal coins and medals, informs \x$f 

fnm ibt VITAL PRINCIPLE, 9r tb$ tliatwiiac wehavepubli(bed in p. 611 is not 

ANiMA of tbt aMti$nt pbilofophers. If a medal, hut a coin, called a Tc (lone. Un- 

fuch be the meaning of the words /«/• der the gate is a fmall (hield, with the arms 

ftmdtd smmaiogf it muft be more de- of Monfig. Bolognctti, the prcfidcnt of tlie 

fcriptive of thofe fymptoms or appear- Mmt ; and the 1. h. ftaod for HcrmengiUl 

ancet which uke place when the human Hamcrani, Uie graver of the f?.me.— Urban 

body is wrapped up in the femblance of VI. reduced the Jubilee to 33 ffrt; and 

death, xV^XifuJPefidid nfpiramn, which ^'""^"^ ^^' confirmed the decree of hav;ng It 

, / ^ \u r r r '^ r t .- evcfv ic years, made by his predecaliori 

•nly denotes the fufpenfion or refpiration pa/li.LL .470. 

of an tmdivtduat 6rgan of life. vvhen Quoz, p. 611, gives up.hk naoic, 

Mr. Coleman proceeds to mform us, ^nd produces his authoniy for the clw^cs 

that «*tbe diftintlion between the ac- agajnft the College at Hackney, a Friend 

•* tions and powers of life, which, with ©f chat Institution pledges hi ir.fdfto 

" fo many other admirable obfervaiions prove that they arc unfounded and ilhbcr.il. 

" in pbyhology, we owe to the ingcni- A Fair One, who alks for a cure for 

"out Mr. Hunter, clearly illuftrates karwics, is referred to p. 7x5. 

"the impropriety of the language to Mr. Crag's Continuation of THRffK- 

** which we obieit." But in what man- inobam Notes In our next j— with A Wa.n- 

Uer it illuftrates the impropiicly of 'the DfRiR;^th«Meraoin.ofJoHN Wilson ; — 

language, be dots not inform us, and J. D- on Prior's BUih-placei-StncW 

the truTh if, that our young author ap- ^^* ^'^^ ^ef^^^T^^^'Pr*' ^"^ m^'"" 

^— - . I i. J V e r £ i>lAM$ on the Wchh Ind:ans;— the Mafqins 

Mrs to labour under fome confufion of «f con.orc.t's Letterto Dr. Pries r ley , 

Ideas rdpeauie the term Aniination. .-Mr.ELUERTON'. V.<;wof Cliftun, &c. 

The urm///#itlclf, although, as Mr. vVe are obliged to Di. Tathamj hut 

Locke has ob(trvcd,it is ufcd in a vague have not room lor his •* Lct'.cr to t!»c Dif- 

•ad iodc^nne kofr, more properly de fentcrs."— Th* fame anfwcr m.»y be given 

botes the a£lioi)S| than the powers, of to an infinite number of our con eipomlcntsjf 

living animals) for, had it.dcnotcd the almoil every (hflcient religious p«iia.ifu>a. 



756 Selc/f Pdeiry^ /fnciint andMadirn^ for Auguft, 1791. 



S o N G% 

SCNO AT THE EnTERTAINMEVT CIVEK 

B\* Tiic Officers op'^me Garrison 

OP GlBHALTAR TO HM RoYAL HlOH- 

^•ES8 Prince Edw ahD) May ii, I79I« 

ASCENDING Calpc*s (bitcly brow. 
We fee fwect flbw*i-s fpontaneous 

As thcfc their itjingUng fcents tlifclofe, 
The i-ocky ftecps their horror lofe ; 
Rcgal'd, we tiirn oar eyes to view 
The t'idant l.imlfcape's pnrple hue, 
The liquid plain's tmnfparent bbunJ, 
And fcenes for warliice deeds renown'd. 

War's rugged paths have alfo flow*rs— 
Gay mirth, and fong, and fcftive hours; 
And, from the Aeep afcent to Faroe, 
The prof]^<5t cif a glorious name. 

See, o'er yon Wtftem mountain's (hade^ 
The evenings b!ulhing rat'iance fade I 
So f^es our joy round Calpc*s brow ; 
For Royal Edward leaves us now ! 
'Twas he who uught us how to bear 
The foldier's toil, the leader's care ; 
Yet chccr'd fatigue with fcftlve hours. 
And ftre w'd War's rugged paths with flow'rs- 

Ye breezes, fafely waft him o'er, 
To brave :he cold Canadian (hore ! 
To fpre;id afac his rifing feme. 
And make his own a glorious name I 

TRANSLATION 
or Strada'8 Contest between the 

LuTaNIST and NiGHTlMGALI* 

THE fuB DOW liafting to his Wedero 
way, 
•And ihedding forth a milder, ev'ning niy ; 
A Lutaniit, who fat near Tiber^ ftream, 
Witli foundingquiU purfued his&v'nte theme, 
In verdant mead, beneath a dark oak*s (bade, 
By which the fummer's heat was cooler made. 
A Nightingale was near, ai^l li(l*ning ftood^ 
That tiar.nlefs firen, fongRer of the wood ; 
Conceal'd in leaves, (he ftill approachM more 

near, [vi(h*d eju*} 

The founds, (oft murmuring, drank with ra- 
Tliofe notes which' be produc'd with varied 

drain, ^ 

' She (pon iS^tth artful (kill retumM again. 
By her his notes were anfwer'd back ;— he 

• heard, . 
And was wdl-plcas'd to entertain the bird ; 
Then Rrove his lute with loader notes to fill. 
Meant as a trial of their future (kill ; 
"With fingers fwifk he ran o'er all the (Irinss 5 
She too as fwifc with varied accent fings, 
Giving a faxi^ple of her future fong. 
His rij^htrhand then the trembling ihings a- 

mong 
The Lutanill now ftrikes; like one in fcom. 
With equal, fimple Rroke his hand is drawn : 



«•»■ 



Y Sec p. 7 17. 



Then by degrees the founding chords pro- 
vokes 
With fiyiog fingers, and repeated (Irokes ; 
Then fta|if.-^She thus, with fimple, rodt 

cflays. 
Returns his art, then lengUieos out her lays ; 
No varied, wlndin;** pleafmg change expreft. 
But, with^fmooth cadence fluwin|^ from hec 
hreaf^, [minute. 

Now warbliug ilts'ns, with changes moll 
Her trembling voice, to emulate the lute. 
The Lut:ini(t, furpriz'd fo foft a note, 
So fweet, could itfue fr-om fo fmall a throat. 
His Rrings attun'd with (kill, for higher 
fti-ains ; [pains, 

Kow lharp,now deeper tones, with diBxt'rotiS 
Sends f(irth, the hoarfi togetlier mix'd with 

luui), ^ 
Such as in war roufe up the lazy crowd. ^ 
The fiimeto fmg fweet Philomel prepares, 
And modulates her pipe with equal airs s 
Now Iharp, now flat, her varied notes ap- 
pear, [clear. 
Then loudly fings, as warlike trumpets 
Aba(h*d he R(HxI, the bird indignant e^es, ^ 
** If this, Ominftrel, be return d (he cries), I 
I '11 break my lute, and yield to thee the | 
prize.** •' 
This faid, inimiuble drains he (ings, 
His hand flies fwiftly o*er the trembltog 
Rnngs ; [tries, 
Firft thefe, then thofe harmonic numbers 
As to the lute his (kilful hind he plies ; 
While from the dwrds he wakes cxtatic 

founds. 
The labour'd lute, fiiU-ton'd, exult mgbonndsw 
Then Rood expeAing, if (he would e(Iay 
Again to render back his matchlefs lay. 
But (he, her voice tho* fpent, and quite unfit, 
Call'd fbrth her pow'r^, impatient to fubmit. 
In vain t for, while wi^ foch fmall pipe (he 

ftrove 
To raife her voice thd LotaniR above. 
Subdued with grief, unequal to the Itrife^ 
She ^I'd, and nobly loR her little life ; 
Upon tlie victor's lute, Iter tomb, the fell v^ 
la fuch fmall fools may rival virtue dwell. 
Ctmkiu J.M* 

Mr, Urban, ^ ^^„y/ ,3. 

THE vilbge of Aldboum, in North 
Wilts, luiving fuffercd by a dreadfid 
fire a few years ago, a Clergyman wrote a 
Poem on the event. Some altufions render 
it neceflary to obferve (according to the au- 
thor), that Aldboum was formerly a market 
town, but IS now much reduced. It is fitu- 
ated in a winding valley, through which a 
brook ufually flows for fevcral months every 
year ; and, if the fprings happen not to rife 
high enough to produce this efle^ it is con- 

fidered as a bad omen to the publick. 

* 

The fatal fire happened on a Sunday, fooo 

alter llie conclufion of Morning Service : It 

began ai the firR houTe in the town to the 

5 wind- 



Sili^ P^itryt AmUnt uni Modern^ for Auguft, 1791. *j^ 

windward, and, as the wind was high, pre- » Old Chaos triomplis, by dtm Fate letloofe; 



fently tfdnfumed all before it to the very laft ; 
leaving a traA of ruins near half a mile long, 
and redncing a nomber of families to aCk 
charity, the lois amoonting to thirteen tbou- 
laxui pounds, tod upwards. 

If you (hould think the following ftanzas 
deffTving a place, you will be fo good as to 
infert them in your next Maj^azine. 

Yours, &c. John Eldekton. 

THE.rermon ended»-to their humble meal 
With fober (lep the Villagers repair $ 

Strong appetite (the boon of health) they feel, 
Kor think, of preacher, prayer-book, or 
pray'r. 

Humble the mea], yet crown'd with peace 
and joy, [board. 

Which oft are-baniih'd from the lordly 
Where ^\utted wealth abounds akxie to cioy, 

And riot murders with deceitful fword. 

Ah, ihort the period of fubhinar blift I 
For blifs the brook-divided valley knows ; 

The rural fong — the blaze — (!Mitolen kiit— 
And carelefs mirth, which down the table 
flows. 

Hoarfe ravens oft were heard with evil note, 

The (all was fpik, the cream refusM to 

come ; [throat ; 

The yard-dog howling ^ood, with uplift 

With fcorching drought the babbling fprihg 

was dumb. 

Man blooms to-day, and fpreads greea 
boughs around, 
Kaifing his glory to the gariHi fun \ 
To-morrow Arikes his honours to the groundj 
Jhe curtain falls, and liie^s poor Siow is 
dooe. 

On the dry roofiiy embrown'd with many a 
fho^v*r, 

That fiaded foon the ih^w's primeval hue, 
Thewither'd hacsexhaufl their flaming powV, 

The flames, as eagles on the quarries, flew. 

Vain all th« pomp ! the wild parade of man I 
His houfc, his goods, his varied arts of eafe I 

Ecfernal preparation for a fpan, 
Checquer'd with lufles, terrors, or difeafe I 

Down plunge the rav'nous flames, and next 
Bum the neat bowels of the reeking cot : 

The Bible, whore is doubled down the text ; 
Ah, doubled down, yet oft too loon forgot ! 

• 

The poodVous bedflead-^-ond the coflinr 
. ' ftrong, [boujht — 

Of amient carving, by fome gramlfire 
The wooder. elbow-chair — the table long — 

The painted pi^ures, of the pedlar bought ; 

The manttiftor'd with earthen diibes bright. 
The rows of pewter polilh'd all with care. 

The brazen tripod, folace of each night. 
By trufty matron fillM with homely fare i 

Melted in one black mafs — each form of uf«, 
Of futiplt ornament, is gone and lull ; 



Aad fever'd atoms in all ways are tois'd. 

In what uncertain channels riches flow ! 

What ebbs of Fortune mark each roUbif 
hour 1 
Her giddy wheel fuccefllive empires know. 

That link to daft beneath Oblivion's powV. 

Happy the mould'ring day, that quiet flccps 
Where yonder turf is lac'd with prickly 
thorn ; 
That eye which human woe no longer weepsf 
Tliat ear, un wounded with the worUl'e 
proud fcom. 

Yet kindred love (hall melt the yielding heart. 
The feeling foul on earth be fometimci 
found ; 

From \\\e fiUM eye the briny tear fliall ftart, 
W hile gentle Pity bi nds the bleeding wounds 

Illxoitimati 

Sonnet to Conscixncv. 

By Mrs. C. Stephens K 

OTHOU ! whofe whifper can eftrang* 
the fonl, [a tht«Ti, 

Who ftrew'lt the downy couch with many 
Who prompt'dthe wretch to dram the dro w zy 
bo»^l> [moiiii 

Yet rouze him up ere Labour hails th« 
Conscikncb! dread power— in re<^adi 
ib firm, 
From whom the guilty ever fly in vain 9 
While Fear utxtajitig rings the loud alarm. 
And harrows deep the tlux>bbing feat of 
pain i 
Bidding thy viaim combat forrow's fea. 
Till cai\ upon the rocks of life — fur- 
lorn :— [to rove ! 
Ah ! never haunt the path 1 jtvf 
^ Wlwre Poefy, of Peace and Fancy 
born, 

Deigns—fmUing fweet — my rou- 
fing mind to move. 
And with her parenu comes, andfj[KMts 
with me. 



SONNET, 
By a Youno Lady, who, at the iamb 

TIME THAT HER PiUtgMT »!ED, RS- 
ClIVID AN ACCOUNT THAT UCft LOm 
VER WAS MARRIIO. 

YE filial forrows, unpolluted flow f 
No vuin regrets, no impums pangj 
prcfume ; 
No Speitres wild of complic«ed woe 
Chafe the f>ur€ anguilh oo this facred tomb. 

Precious remains I if once I dar'd repine. 
And Paffion flole me figh from Piety ; 

♦ In whofe laft Elegy, ftanzalheSconJi 
line the firft, (or Ucidy read /»m^— (buta 
the fevcnth, line the fccond, for Hgbi, read 

//^r— flanza the eighth, line the firft, for 
// eUf he ifi9f rcatl Jf'cHt Itt U iHne J^tilt f»me, 

luif the third, for 'raje, read wife. 

Now 



758 StkB Poitry^ Amiifd and M%iim^ for Auguft, 1791. 



Kow ^ this rebellious heart" is wholly thine^ 
And ev'ry moui^afdl thooght isfuU of thee. 

Abt coaid thy gentle fpirit borer near» 

Sweet pray'rs infufey and dreams of end- 

left reft) [tear, 

Gould'ft thoo be preient whilft I pour the 

Ah, point the ma^fion where thyfelf art 

bleft! 

*Tis mine, alas, the gvlph alone to fee ! 
DiiUnce immenfe betwixt thebleft and nra ! 
July. A. W. S. 

The PaitEMT State or France. 
"n ELIGION, King, and Hononn (Me- 

JV "«'spay)> [away; 

with Juftice, Law, and Commerce, done 
Gold, Silver vanilh'd, and the Artsdeftroy'd ; 
The Fleet dccay'd, the Mob with Murders 

doy*d: 
Thefe of Philofophers the wife Exploits ! 
Their Gains are — Paper Coins and Copper 

Doits. 

EPIGRAM. 

BY friend Howard inftrudled in virtue 
t* advance, [and France : 

difiPreuce is fbrm'd*twixt Great Britain 
Old England her Prifomrs to Paiaea brings, 
Whilft a Paiact in France is a PriJoK for 
Kings. 



WaiTTXK IN Mils A- 



W- 



-'s Me- 



SICK-BOOK, OP York. 



BLEST Boc^ ! whofe leaves the hands of 
, Beauty deign fgagei 

With MuTick's foft, refiftleis pow'r t'en* 
May no fonl blot, or verfe unhallow'd, ftain 
llie ihowy whiteneisof eadi valued page ! 

*T'a Laura's hand, that hand the choiceft boon 
Which bounteous Heaven could on man 
beftow ; 
Chafte as the Inftre of the filver Moon, 
Which paints each leaf, and bids each ftanza 
glow. 

Should Ihe, thro' thee, my anguilh read, 

In pity to a iJjrer's prayV, 
Tell her, that heart ihe dooms to care 

Would freely for a Miftrefe bleed ; 
Kor feel one joy fo great, or grief fevere, 
As that her fmiks can give, or frowns can 
wear. Amatok. 

Mr. Urbait, NtwteftUf Fd, 14. 

THE infertion of the two following 
Odes, tranilated from Anacrcon, in 
your entertaining Mifcellany, will greatly 
oblige a new correfpondent, who nof hav6 
k in his power to femi(h you with fome 
pieces for your Poetical Department. 

*0 NEANI2KOZ. 

EIZ XPT£ON. 

TF hoarded gold a life could buy 
When Death's aU-dnaded hour is nigh. 



With added heaps my days Td goard^ 
With ev'ry joy my fete retard { 
Andf when the threatcn'd time ibauld comef 
Rich prefents would avert my doom. 
But if 'tis not to mortals giv'n, 
To buy the choiceft gift <$ Heav*n, 
Why therefore Ihould I vainly groan, 
Why heave one figh, or firuitldfs moan ? 
If Death muft be each mortal's fate, 
Will gold preferve fo frail a ftate ? 
Be '< mine to crown the flowing bowl. 
To quaff the goblet's fparkling (bul ; 
In draughts divine all forrow drown*d» 
My chearfttl friends reclin'd around ; 
And, when th* empalBon'd hour invites, 
Let.VoBUS give her foft delights. B« 

EIE EAYTON. 

WHEN in wine my foul I fteep. 
Heart-tormenting forrows lleepi 
What have I to do with care, 
Plauntive tears, or vain def|)air ; 
Though unwilling I muft die. 
Why ftiould life in error fly ? 
Let us drain the circling bowl 
Bacchus gives to cheer the foul ; 
For, while we our fenfes fteep, 
Heart-tormenting forrows fleep. B. 

SONG. 

ERE Beauty with FaflxSon combin'd, 
f A cap that was {bug to her Cace» 
My tafte and my fancy confin'd. 
Gave Delia fuperlative grace. 

No art to her head-dreiii was lent. 

No heat to folicit the curl ; 
Without any fnccour it bent. 

Or fpontaneoufly rofe in a furL 

If a flip of plain gauze on her breaft 
Might ftand for an emblem of pride^ 

The frune on her head was confeft, 
In a knot that was carelelsly tied. 

Lels amiable does flie a{^)ear. 
No jewels are feen on her head ? 

Or is (he to Damon left dear. 

Her neck with no diamonds is fpread ? 

The ftudy of virtue 's her aim. 
Her heaft in good-nature attir'd 

B^ets her more permanent feme. 
And makes her Ancerely admir'd. 

Fantaflical Beauties, defpair ! 

Your charms to my Delia are feint s 
For innocence briglitens her air, 

Beyond all your pearls and your paint ! 

Mallino. 

EULOGY 

oM THB Demolition or the Bastille* 

BLEST be the day in future years 
That dry'd the prisoner's briny tears, 
1 he long-loft fen to light reftor'd, ^ 

JUd plac'd him ai bitlttber's board, 

Gave 



\: 



i 



SekH Po^ry^ AtifkHt uni M^Jirn^ ftr Auguft, 1791. 75^ 



Gave to the child bif mudi4ov'<l lire. 
That long had felt his Princess ire. 
Unknown by features of his Cace, 
The inroads of his JoQg iSifgrace, 
And bent wkh age and narrow ceUy 
Whence none furvivM their tale to tell. 
BailiUe 1 thy iron roaik 's no more. 
Thy walls lie level with the ihore ; 
The widow'd wife ibaU ceafe her grief. 
And blefs the hand that fent relief. 
That refcued fronn thy dongeon's cave. 
Where Virtue's fons oft found a grave. 
That brought her niuch4ovM lord to jight, 
Irorour'd in worie than Stygian night. 
Thrice bled the day thy towers fell ! 
When Tyranny pour'd forth her yell, 
And Cruelty, with goalhing teeth, 
Pin*d at the fight her feet beneath ; 
Whilft Torture writh'd his neck with pain. 
And Slav'ry burft his bloody chain. 
Oh ! could 1 eternize yon band 
Diffusing freedom thro* the land I 
Whofe generous deeds uniting flow 
To fcauer misery, grie^ and woe. 
To raife the poor*s deprefled head, 
And bledings on the orphans flied ; 
To teach the haughty nobles fear, 
And make dread tyrants laws revere j 
To Heav*n eternal vows 1 *d pay, 
And kifs the altar night and day. 
Hertfcrdf Avf, i. James More, 

Matter of the Grammar- fchod. 



SONNET 

ON VIEWING AN ANCIKNT FORTmiSS, 

Armory, &c. 

THESE princely towers, m^geftic in de- 
cline, 
To fome may give a retiofpc6Uve eye 
To the proud times of autient chlvaliy, 
Or when the goblets foam*d with geu'rous 
wine. 



Still as a king, thou vifiteft in turn [rier, 
The yellow Ganges, breaking Earth's bar« 

Or o'er the Po tkn^ Weftem glories bum ; 
Yet ever courfmg thus in matchlefs ftat^ 

Leaving Aurora for thy farthest bound. 
Of Nature*s God thou'rt but a feeble trait | 

Lefs in comparifon would'it thou be found 1 

Thy crown, thy joy, thy fplendour, then no 
more, [bright befort. 

And dark thy brighteft beamsi ib peerleif 

M r. U R B A N, GUuteflefp Fei. 15, 

IN the catlimlral church of this city, upon 
a neat, plain flab of white narhte, is the 
following monumental inforipiioa. Peilupc 
fome learned correfpondent may fovonr us 
with an Englifli traollation of thefe very el^ 
gant Latin Unes. Observatox* 

Siilegradum, Viator, 

et a roe difeito, 

quam vans fpcs fmt, quam fluxt hominuim 

gaudia. 

Jacet heul jacec Catharina ftiea^ 

Uxorum fciL ledtiffima, optima, 

tarn venufla, tarn cafta, tarn pia^ 

ut nihil fupnu 

Si aetas, A forma, dedenda fit, 

fi corporis antmive dote<;, 

luAui hie nulius erit noodus. 

MarmorhocdicavitG u L I E LMU sPb BrBB tr«s 

Geo. mem. faavilUmae conjugis 

qux fato defua^a eft 

i50die Jiinii, 

^^^ isalutis 1690. 



BV 



ENVY. 
Mr. Cumbbrlano. 



/^ H I never let me fee that {faape again I 



_ Exile me ra^ her to fome fa vage den^ 
Far from the focial haunts of men I 
Horrible phantom I -pale it was as death, 
Confuroption fed upon its meagre cheel^ 
And ever as the fiend elfay'd to fpeak. 
Dreadfully fteam'd its peftilential hrcatlj I 
Fang'd like the wolf it was, and all agaunt| 



Targe, helm, or battle-axe, th* afpiring mind 

May with a noon- tide fervency infpire. 
And feats of thofe long fince to duU confign'd 

In fools congenial wake a kindred fire ; . _ ^ 

«. . c ..,. , , . , lA^^ii. And ftill it prowl'd around us flodaioundi 

But who (rom hfe IS wcan'd by long diftr^ r^Hj j^^ ^ ^^j ^^ »• 

Plcafurw more calm and foolhuig (haU be- wherever human haupinefe was found. 

g\iile ; 
He moft the veftiges of Time ftiall blefs, — 
For that lie 11 think the liands that rais'd this 

pile 
Sorrow and anxious cares no more await, 
Beneath the wail of woe, above the reach of 

Ctte. W. Hamilton Rbxd. 

SONNET TO THi SUN, 

fROM THR French of Prxlincovrt* 

By W. Hamilton Rkio. 

IIFE of 'the univerfe, and parent ray, 
J Globeorofgold,orfire,orcenter*d light, 
AH-charming portrait of th* Eternal Day, 
Tbe grand Firft Caufel Love, Nany^'s 
f^idelightl 



Furious thereat, tlie feif tormenting fpritq 
Drew forth an afp, and (terribte to figlit)^ 
To ks left pap th* eovenom'd reptile pi^. 
Which gnaw*d and worra'd into its tortur*^ 
bread. 
The defperate fuicide, with pain, 
Writh'd to and fro, and yell'd amain | 
And then, with hoUow dying cadeooe,crie»-N 
«• It is not of this afp that EN V Y dies ; 
'T is not this reptile'stooth that gives the fmart | 
*Tis dtliers* liappineis that gnaws my heart." 

SONNET, 

HAIL ! pallid Queen of Niglit, wlmfe fO- 
ver beams 
I'Uy on the babbling (hrfose pf the brook. 

That 



6o SiU^ P^trjy Ancunt and Modern^ for Auguft, 1791.* 

Tliatlhews through yoadcr brake its lucent Yeperiih!--YawningEaithdcvonrs C f 



ftreams, [look i 

Which forrowing willows mournfully o'er- 

And you, ye ftars ! whofe dazzling fplendor 
mocks 
All mortal ken, are witncfs to my vows : ' 
Yeglooniy ftiades,y e bills, and pendent rocks I 
All know how oft nay cheek with brine 
o'erfiows. 

Yt winged Zephynf wtft ray foft-breath'd 
figh ; 
Tell the (air maid that here I nightly wail 5 
Tell her how oft in love-lorn ftatc I lie 
Or by the murmuring tide, or on the ver- 
dant vale. 

Then bid her to my foithfol vows attend, 
And all my rendbg pangs and forrows end. 
4ui. 8. J« L »• 

S O K N E T, 

TOR THE NOVBL or CxX'lsrtNA. 

THROUGH this lone iile, whofe rude, 
onihapen cXifh 
Hang o'er the waters of the billowy main, 
Fenfivel roam, and reftltfstell my griefe 
To the wild winds; while, lingering in 
her wane, [wave 

The pale moon glimmers o*er the (welling 
And this drear pile, and icarcely (hews be- 
neath [heath, 
.The mouldering monuments, and thickened 
"Where reft the fileiH tenants of the grave. 

Thein Is eternal peace, eternal reft ; 
While I, pale Mifcry'S vi^m„on the verge 
Of dread defpair, Iiear life's impetuous furge 

Around me iliunder— On thy quiet bread, 
Eternal Night ! let my fad foul rc|xrfc, 
I/>ft in oblivion of iu former woes. H. H. 



Ok 



SONNET, 

THE CoNSTZaNATIOK pCCASlOWED 



Hideous with many a Stain, chat SoDoMts 
CHURCH AND K I N p, 

A S O N «• 

By John Morfitti £s^. 

WHILE o'er the bleeding Corpfe of 
France 
Wild Anarchy exulting (lands. 
And female Fiends * around her dance, 
Wiilt6tfal Lxmp'C9rdi in their Hands; 
Cbokus. We Britons ftill united iing,' 

Old England's Glory, Ch u rch and 
King. 

Poor France ! whom BlefHugs could notblelS| 

By too much Liberty undone { 
Deftfl is better than Excefsf 

For having ail is having mont. 
Chorus. Let Britons then, &c. 

True Freedom is a temp'rate Treat, 
Not £avage Mirth, nor frantic Koife \ 

'Tis the brilk Pulfe*$ vital Heat, 
And not a Fever that dcllroys. 

Chorus. Let Britons then, &c. 

The Gallic LUies droop and die, 
Pro£an*d by many a Patriot Knave ; 

Her Clubs command, her Nobles Oy, 
Her Church a Martyr — King a Slave. 

Cm OR us. While Britons ftill, 3cc. 

While pillowM on his People's Breail, 
Our Sov'reign fleeps fecure, (erene. 

Unhappy Louis knows no reft. 

But mourns his mure unhappy ^ue^o* 

Chorus. Let BritbnstlMm, &c 

He finds his PaU€c a B^UU, 

Amidft the ^houts of Liberty ; 
Doom'd ev*ry heartfek Pang to feel, 

For merely ftriving to be free. 
Chorus. While Britons (till, &c. 

Go, Democratic pennonSa go I 

In France your horrid Banquet keep ! 
Feaft on degraded Pit/aui* Woe, 

And drink the Tears that Minarets wee^ [ 
Chorus. While Britons ftill^ &c» 

Our Church is buih on Truth's firm Rock, 
And mocks each Sacrilegious Hand s 

In Spite of each eiiSrie Sbeck^ 
The Heav'n-defended Steeples (bmd. 



( 



IV THE National Assembly bv the 
German Confederacy. 

By Joseph Westok. 

MARK'D ye the Eagle •, in his dread 
Career? 
Olanc'd on your haggard Eye, with 
threat'ning Glare, [the Air 

Th* impatient Lightning ?— Echoing tluro* 
Portentous Murmurs, did your ftartlcd Eai* - 

C^ss th'approadiing Thunder ?-Slaves Chorus. Whde Briton* true, ice 

to Fear, [^rtatif tUrt old BritiOi Senfe, and Britilh Fire, 

Though freed fix>m Shame I ( W ho could fo shsdl guard that Freeilom we poflfcfs ; 

To brave the gcn'roi»s Lims—imtbt Smiret) Though Pri e s t l » y «tfrii£— tliough Pax N » 
Well may ye tremble— for yoiv Hourb eoufpin^ 

near I [Shame ! We a(k no wure — we fear «• hjs. 

He comes 1 th* Avenger of his SerwaBtt* Chorus. While Britons ftiU united fmg. 



Whoie Altars ye defile— whofe awefiil 

Name [ttws Few 

Blafpheme ! — Behold him I— If the ngb- 

Atoms not— wrappM in inftantaneous 

Flame, 

* See the firft Sonuit in our Magazine 
ibr July^ p. 660. 



Old England's Glory, Church and 
Kino. 

^ Alluding to the behaviour of the deteft- 
able Ftfhwoip^n, fo ftrongly painted by Mr. 
Burke, in his account (>f ^b« joujpi\ey from 
Vtriailles to Paris. 

MiNvr«a 



t 76t ] 

MiKtJtES or TRB PROCEEDINGS op the NATfOKAL ASSEMBLY otf 

FRANCE, frmt the Day •f tbt King's Fiight ; with m Vitw to tranfmit 

tbi Minutiae •/ thai mtBKrahle Tranfs^ion. 



yunt i.nr^HE Profidem annonnced to the 
X National AfTembly tlie flight of 
the King:, Qneen, and Royal Family, from 
their Palace of the Thuilleries at Paris, 
' which occafioiied a raoioentary confterna- 
tion. 

The King left a proclamation behind him, 
in which he apologizes for his condu6l, and 
iblemnly revokes all the a£ts to which he 
had fet his name while in confinement, be- 
ing advifed fo to do by General Bouille, who, 
it fmce appears, was the principal contriver 
of his retreat. 

Same tiay.l M. de la Fayette, on the firil 
intelligence he rec^ved of the efcape, hav- 
ing difpatched an Aid de Camp in purfuit of 
I the King, that officer appeai'ed before the Af- 
' fembly, and complained of being flopped and 
ill-treated by the populace. Two Members 
were therefore commiffioned to accompany 
him without the city gates. 

Orders were then given, that an embargo 
be laid in all the fea-ports; and it was 
moved, that an order fhould be iffued for all 
Citizens to arm, and hold chemfelves in rea- 
dine(« to preferve the peace ; that all official 
\ feals (hould be fequeflered, to prevent frauds; 
and that all Public Miniflers (hould be called 
before the Aflembly, to give an account of 
their condu^. 

M. Montmorin apprized the Affembly, 
that he was a prifoner in his own houfe. 

M. Duport acquainted the Aifembly, that 
he had that morning received the King's ex- 
] prefs orders not to make qfe of the feals 
without his Majefty's permiffiun. 

In confeqnence of this communication, 
the Aifembly decreed, that fuch laws as are 
already pafTed, but cannot be fanclioned by 
the King becauf& of his ahfence, do flill re- 
tain his name ; and that the Chief Minifter 
of juilice be empowered to affix the feals to 
fuch other Decrees as neceflity requires. 

In the mean time it was ordered, that the 
doors of the Royal Apartments in the Thu- 
illeries be fecured. 

M. Montmorin, being releafed, appeared 

at the bar, as did M. de la Porte. They 

made their report, and received their in- 

itruflions with refpe^ to the bufinefs of 

their offices. 

« M. Gouvion, the principal officer on guard 

when the Royal Family efle^fed their eicape, 

confefTet) before the Aifembly, that he had 

been told in fecrccy of a defii;n formed for 

the Queen to make her efcape ; that he had 

thought ii his duly to acquaint tl-.e Mayor 

with what lie had heard ; and ihai thereupon 

the guards had been doubled : fo that it was 

not pstTible for him to conceive by what 

means their Majebies could accomplilh thcu* 

porpofe, 

GlHT. Mao, jlugufi, 179 V 

10 



It now was thought neceflary to concert 
meafures by which the correfpoodence with 
Foreign Powers might befl be carried on 
without interruption \ and a very long en* 
quiry took place concerning the ftate of th« 
Royal Treafury. 

M. de la Porte, in whofe hands the King's 
Proclamation already mentioned was found 
depofited, again appeared at the bar, and was 
queff ioned as to the n\anner of his receiving 
it. Being afked, lie anfwered, that he re* 
ceived it from a fervant who a^ied as tho . 
King's valet, and who was fled. 

M. de Rochefbucaulc appeared at the baTp 
and excufed himfelf from taking upon him 
the guard of the firontiers, becaufe of hit 
great age, being near feventy ; but aflured 
the Aifembly that they might depend on his 
zeal and fidelity. His reOgoatioa was re- 
jeAec). 

A Deputation from the Department of 
Paris prefented themfelves\ at the bar; la« 
menting the departure of the King, and ex« 
prefTmg their confidence in the Aifembly noc 
to defert them. 

M. de Maubourgf obferving that the osth 
the Aifembly had ahready taken was equally 
unfuttable to them and to the army, pro- 
pofed a new one, tliat was generally^ ap- 
proved. And it being pafl ten o'clock, the 
Aifembly adjourned for one hour, intending 
to continue their fittings during the night. 

The Decrees paffed at this fitting weres 

X. To flop all perfons from going out o£ 
the kingdom. 

2. 1 hat all Citizens hold theihfelves ready 
to preferve the public peace. 

3. That the Miniflers of War do iflue the 
nr celfary orders^ for the defence of the fron- 
tiers. 

4. That all the feab of ,office fhall be got 
together, and placed under the dire^ion o£ 
Commillioners. 

5. That the Public Miniflers do repair to 
their feveral offices, to iflue orders for the 
execution of the above Decrees. And, 

6. 1 hat the Miniflers fhall be empowered 
to communicate with the Aifembly upon all 
fitting occafions. 

fyednejdaj 22.] Commiffioners were ap- 
pointed to infpc^ the Roy«l wardrobe.—* 
They reported, that feverad jewels were 
mitfmg fmce 1784. 

In order to preferve the friendfhtp of Fo- 
reign Powers, Miniflers were ordered to 
correfpond with Foreign Minillers and Am- 
balfidors in their feveral departments as 
ufual. • 

Decreed, that whoever fhould counterfeit 
the Great Seal fhall be puAiHied with im- 
prifonroent for fifteen years. 

A report wis made^ containiog an oath te 



762 Proceedings of the National AJfemhly of France. [Auguft, 

be takea by the Commiflioners appointed to At the fame time all the National Guar^ 
xvatcb over the firoBtitrs; and that twelve /wore to employ the arms with which they 

Commiflionerst from among the Members, were entnifted in defence of (he Country 

be inftituted for that purpofa. and Conftitution. Thefe ceremonies being 

M. de Gomy ftated, that three letters, found overy the mufick refumed their tuae> and 

00 the King*s Phyfician, had been fent him the detachment left the Hall. The PrefidenC 

from SenliSyaddreHed to Refugee^ abroad. again took the Chair, and the AfiemWy 

The fitting of this day was about to be formed itfelf into a deliberative body.* 

fufpended, when news reached the AlTembly A letter was read, from three Citizens o£ 

tint the Kingjivas in cullody. Paris, offering a voluntary contribotioo to- 

On receiving this news, M. de Lsmttb wards the defence of the frontier^, 

propofied : M, Mangin, a furgeon, who bad beea 

1. That the King ihould be brought back aiding in apprehending the Royal Fanulyt 
to Paris. made his appearance, when a confufed mur- 

2. That the Ciiiaeni who had been in- mur ran through the. HaU, " Ho is taken I 
Anunental in preventing his eTcape do re- be is taken 1" A packet was then put into 
coive the thanks of the Altembly. the hands of the Prefident. It was a letter 

3. That the Marquis de Bouill^ be fuf- from the Municipality ef Varennes, dating^ 
ptnded from the command of the troops ; and that the King was now in their hands, and 
that three Commiflioners, Melf. Bamave, that they had authorifed M. Mangin to con* 
Pethion de Villencuve, and La Toure Mau- firm their report, and to learn how they were 
bourgy do proceed immediately to Varennes, to proceed. Another letter was then read 
accompanied by a body of National Guards, from St. Menehoud, giving an account of 
to efcort their Majedies ta Paris. 

The Royal Captives were treated with all 
pofiiblerefpe^. They were lodged the firfl 
night at Varennes, and the fecond at Cha- 



various orders iffued by M. BouiU^» Com* 
mander of the troops, to fend him reia^ 
forcements. 

The Vrefident announced M. Mangin*s wi(h 



Ions, where tbty were met by the cfcort,' to give the Adembly an account of his mif- 

wha afterwards conduAetl them to Paris.-— fion, which was readUy granted (nearly ih« 

Monfieur (tlie King's elder brptlicr) and his fame with Drouct's, p, 66 5). His account was 

Confort, having taken a different rdad^ ef- received with loud applaufe ; and orders 

caped the purfuers. were ilTued, that the moH inviubhle regard 

y«w«2 3.] M. la RochefoucauU appeared ibould be paid to the fafety of the King's 

at<he bar, and reported the difHcuhies that perfon ; that information ihould be conveyed 

attended the execution qf their Decree re- to the whole kingdom, tliat his Majefty was 

fpe^ng the (hutting the ports, which, he in fafe cuftoUy ; that M. Bouillc ihould be 

laid, prevented completely the fupply of pro- arrefled, if found ; that orders Ihould be if- 

yifions. fued, that nobody depart the city ; and tlot 

M- Dwthy ohferved, tliat the objeft of no horfes ihould be allowed to be hired by 

the Decree was the flopping fufr^'^-ed prr- any perfon wliatever. 

Jam from making their cfcnpc. As that was A letter from the Mayor of St. Menehoud 

now too late, he moved, That this reftraint was then read, itating, tha^hehaJ prumifcd 

be taken ofr, and ihnttlie paiiagc of the bar- tlie King to be anfwerable with his head for 

riers be frea, provided the travcllci s are fiir- the fafety. of his Majefty's perfon ; and pray- 

niihed with paflj^rts. — Agiced. ing, that onlers ihould be ilTued to the Cili- 

One of tlw bectetaries read two letters, zcns of Paris, to take eveiy method to ro- 



one from the towns, the other from the 
friends of the Coiillitution at Valenciennes, 
requeuing anus and ammunition, that thofe 
of the interior pnrts niiglit join thofe of the 
frontiers, fur the common defence of the 
kingdom. 

M. H^ihawlj who had occiij^icd tlie Chair 



ceive the Royal Family without tumult. 

^/ire'ifwnj The Commiflioners font la 
meet the King, in their letter, dated from 
** La Forte-fous Jouare, nine in the morn- 
ing," acquaint the President, that the King 
left Chalons laft night, efcorted by the Na- 
tional Guards; that the fentiments of tlie 



during the abfcncc of the Frcfnlent with the people are every where t!ie fame, magnaai-. 
other Members by order of the Alfembly, mous and trainjuil ; 'and that they, the Corn- 
announced their return. Immediately mill- xnidioners, have received repeated teflimonies 
tary mufick watf hcarvl at the gutes of the of rcfpc^ and confidence. in the National. 
AfiTembly, pbying, -^i> / jii f>a. About 200 AlTeiubly. 



of the AfTembly then entered, atte:iUcd by a 
numerous detscliment of grenadiers, who 
were drawn up in ranks in the middle of the 
Hall. 



Otljer letters were read, from different de- 
partments, ex-preilive of the fame feutimentf. 

M. Robcrtjpierre moved, that a civic 
crown ihould be voted to M. Mangin and 



M. U Prtfuitnt. The detachment of tlie the other two National Gu;irds who flopped 

ICatiotial Guard whch cfcuucd t!ie dcputa- the Royal carriages; but this was referred 

t ion from tlie AlTemlly deftre permilTion to to future confiderat ion. • 

take the ofJkial oath. ' Report was made^ thai an iaveutory had 

M. t^aiUmir made the fame requefl. bee» 



\ 



1 79 1 •] Proceedings tf the National AjftmUy of France. 



763 



toen Uken of the Crown JewelSi «nd that 
every thing was found fafe« 

M. Tb9urpi reverted to the night of the 
2:ft, when» he (aid, a great crime was com- 
mitted. Whether Uie Khig was carried off 
by violence, or milled by perfidious fuggef- 
tions, it is indifpenfably reqnifite Chat the 
crime Ihonld he chara^erifed, and the guilty 
delivered to the vengeance of ttte laws. He 
therefore moved, that the Aflemhly declare 
all thofe perfons traitors, who either ad- 
▼iibdy or .were anywiftt concerned in> that 
tnn(a^on. 

M. Rahtrtjpitrre. Points of the utmoft 
importance are prejudiced by the above pro- 
portions. In the fiift inftance, nothing is 
diibemible but a fevere difpoTitiooagainil the 
advHersof (he flight of the King. It is un- 
beeoming to fuppofe that any criminal inten- 
tions have exiAed againll the peribn of the 
King. To forefee crimes where none exift, 
is to create them. It is the doty of all per- 
loos whatever, holding any civil or military 
emplorroenty to avail themfelves each of his 
refpe^ve power to proteA the return of 
the King, and ts feize and arred all thofe 
who flail dare, in any degree, to vidate the 
fefpe^ due to the Royal dignity. 

A numerous Deputation of the National 
Guards was admitted ; when M. de la Fay- 
ttte, their Speaker, addrefled the PrefulenC 
in terms the moft expreflive of fuppoiting 
the caofe of Liberty and the necv Conftitu- 
tion. 

The Prefidint^ in return, made the fol- 
lowing reply : That all France was fenfihle 
of their obligations to his virtue ; and fhouM 
our enemies forget that the people of France 
are free, they will be taught by you, tliat 
the power of freemen is as formidable as 
their valour. 

The Parifian National Guards to which 
were added great numbers of Volunteers, 
marched aav>(s the Hall, exclaiming, *' We 
fwear we will live free, or die !" 

An Address, or Proclamation, in the name 
of the National Aflembly, was now ordered 
to be difpcrled throughout the kingdom, by 
way of anTwer to that already mentioned 
left behind him by the King. 
,«« Are the people," fay they, " to fear 
the oonfe^uences of a writing forced before 
bis departure from a deluded King ? It is 
di^cult to conceive the bltndnefs and igno* 
ranee that dilated this writing, which may 
be referved to be diicufliBd hereafter. At 
prefent, your Reprefentatives are more ufe- 
fuUy occupied." 

Jim» a4.] The fitting was opened by the 
Report of the Commiffioners charged to ex* 
amme the condu^ of M. Montmorin with 
regard to the patTport already noticed that 
was produced by tite King ; fee p. 665. 

The Minifter came to thank the ACbmbly 
for the Decree pefled in his favour on that 
occafum, in which he was highly appbuded 
for boioi( found (aiihful to the Cooftitution* 



A letter was then read from the CoranHf- 
/ioners fent to protect the Kin^, dated D#r* 
mmnt, June 24. " T^e King lay the pne- 
ceding night at Dormans ; this night be will 
lie at Meux ; and to-morrow wiU reach 
Paris." 

M. Mtnajti in the name of the Military 
Conmittec, made a Report on the necefllty 
of augmenting. the number of Genera' Offi. 
.cers, *cc ; lee p. 66 ^. On this occafion it 
was ordered, lliat a lift of the General Oflft- 
cers who have incurred difmiflal be laid be- 
fore the Alfembly, with the reafons for fneh 
difmilT.U. 

M. Mtmn at the fame time dated the Mi* 
litary Arrangements as they then ftood; fee 
p. 665. 

A Deputation of the Municipality of Paris 
prefented to the Aflbmbly the two Clttzens 
who flopped the King. See Drooet's detail, 
p. 665» 

The Prtfidiwt congr atu lated thefe Citizens 
for the fervice they had done their country { 
and the Aflembly adjoonied. 

Jung 25.] A difpatch from Venhm was 
read, dating the arreft of fonr officers, who 
cor.manded detachments fent by force to 
prote^ the flight of the King. Thefe were 
Mefiieurs Choifeul, Damas, Rami, and Flo- 
rife. It was decreed, that tliey fliould re- 
main prifoners till the Afltnnbly fliould take 
this buiinefs into Confidemtion. 

The Aflembly then pal]fod the following 
Decrees : 

f . That the King, on his return to the 
Thuilleries, Ihall have provifionalty a guard, 
fubjeA to the dire<*t order of the Command- 
ant General, who fliall be refponfible. 

2. In like manner a guard to the Pre- 
fiimpcive Heir, who befides fliatl have a Go- 
vernor, fMminated and appointed by the 
National Aflbmbly. 

3. That all who accompanied the King's 
flight fliall be arrefted and examined; and 
that the King and Queen fliall be heard in 
their vindication. 

4. That, rill it be otherwife ordidned, the 
Miniflcr of Juflice fliall be authorifedj as he 
has alreaiiy been, to affix the feal of State 
to tlie a^ of the Cesillative Bmly. 

5. That Minifters, and the Comraiffioners 
of the King, are autltorifed 10 exercife, b»- 
ing ref|>onfible, the functions of tiie Execif 
tive Power. 

Hal/ after fivffi.'] Great agitation in th^ 
Hall, on the report chat the King was crof- 
flng the ThutUcDcs; and tweoiy minutes 
elapied before the Aflembly could reforot 
their deliberations. 

M. Leeeuheux znnounceif thnt the three Cou« 
riers who had auended tlie King in his flight 
were then on the King's carriage, furrounded 
by the populace, wlio threatened to banj; 
them. Twenty Commiflioners went out, by 
order of the Aflembly, to reflore order. 
At fight of tbeie the agitation ceafed, and 
^ Naciooal Guard fucceeded m iQakins way 



\ 



764 Proaeiings of the National AJpmHy in France. f Aaguft, 

for the Royal Family, all of whom entered pointed, without deby, by the Tribunal of 

the Palace. The three men who a^ed as the Dihri6b of ThuiUeries, to take infor- 

Couriers were likewife taken into cuftody ; mation, wherever it may be found, refpeA* 

and one of them )0 fall a pocket-book, ing the events of tlie night between the aoth 

which was inftantly taken up, and given to and 21ft of June; as alfo of fuch anterior 

M. Lecoulteux> who laid it on the table, to fa^ as may relate thereto. 

be fealed up. 1. That fuch Commiffioners (hall proceed 

M. k PrefidiHt, You liave heard the ac- without delay to interrogate allthofe perfons 

count that has been juft given. Louis XVI. who are in cullody in virtue of the Decrees 

is at prefent in the Palac* of the Thuilleries, of the a 5th inflant 1 alfo of fuch witneflfes 

as are likewife the three men who accompa- as may appear to be necellary in the courfe 

nied him. of the faid examination. 

M.BUgou, They are Meff. Valori, Man« 3. The National AlTembly (hall appoine 

tale, and Mel(an, tliree Gardes du Coips. three CommilBoners to hear the Declara** 

1 move, that the pocket-book be fealed up, ttoos of the King and Queen, which ihall be 

that nothing be added to its contents. taken feparately, figned by their own hands, 

M. ii Frefident. The key of the King's and laid at large before the AlTembly 

carriage has been given to me. 1 learn, tliat After balloting, Meft Tronchant, Dan* 

crowds of people furrouud the carriages, dre, and Duport, were declared duly ele^ed- 

determined to open them. The eleAion being over, the Prtfidtnt 

fA.VoidelL The United Committees liave moved. That the National Guards at Va- 

taken care of that. rennes, who had behaved with fo much fbr- 

At this inftant the Commiflioners who titude in the arreil of the King, might be 

brought back the King entered ; and M. admiued. This being granted, and having - 

£drnaw gave a particular detail of all that renewed their oatlis, the Frefident addrefTed 

liad pafped, refigned their commiiTiou, and them in terms of the higheft panegyrick ; 

received the thanks of the Aflembly ; who and concluded with wiihing them to aflbre 

immediately adjourned. all the inhabitants in their neighbouring 

Sunday, June 26.3 M. Dupont, in the name towns, tliat the National AlTembly know how 

of the Committees of Criminal J urifpru- to value the fervices rendered them, 

dence and of the Conftitution, prelented the The AlTembly tlien determined, that there 

plaii of a Decree, as a mode of proceeding was no farther necellity for extraordinary 

againft the perfons who had participated in fittings ; and therefore ordered, tliat the At- 

the flight of the King and Queen. tings (hould rife as formerly. 

M. Cbihfud thought the caufe ought to be M. Mmeau dt St, Mtrty, after compliment* 

brought before the High National Court; ing the Mayor ef Menehoud for guaranteeing 

but that the Aflembly Ihould firft receive the fafety of the King and Queen, moved, 

fvideoce of fome leading fafts, and, after That this circum(bnce might be recorded ia 

they liad determined thft the profccution the annals of France, that pofterity might I 

cmght to be inftituted, they might tlien direct con^mplate tlie period, wlien a King of the ^ 

what tribunal (hould uke cognizance of it. French, delivered over to all the alarms 

Some debate then took place as to the arifmg from perfidious counfels, had been 

mode of procuring evidence, which in- confoled by the promife of a fimple Mnnici* 

volved two articles ; one for the fe^iion of pal officer, whofe word was venerated at a 

the Thuilleries, to examine all the accom- didance from the place where his legitimate 

plices ; the ottier, to iniiitute Commiflioners authority exilleil. This proportion was 

from the National Alferably to go and le- unanimoufly acceded to. 

ceive the Declarations of tlie King and Jume 2 7. J Numerous addrelTes were this 

Queen. day received from different parts of ilie king- 

M. RobertfpUrre oppofed this mode : ** and dom, expreflive of zeal for the new Conili- 

I opi>efe it," he faid, " for this rcafon :— • tution ; and feveral Deputations firom dif- 

When they are to give an accotint of their ferent diflridls. 

conduft to the Nation, the King and Qncen Ordered the Diplomatic Committee to 

are no more than citizens. It is faid, we draw up 4 Proclamation, permitting foreign- 

ousht not to difgrace the Royal dignity. 1 ers to quit llie kingdom. — Some patriotic 

think we oug!»t not. But who can be dif- conuibutions for defence of the kingdom 

graced by fubmitting to the Law ? 1 think were made by zealous Citizens.— D'ElUmg's 

that the King and Quetn Ihould be int«rro- letter was read j foe p. 667. 

g;ited by the fame tnbunal as thofe who for M. Tomhet, in the name of the three 

tlie fame ajf^i^n are in a ftate of arrelL" — Commiffioners appointed to receive the De» 

The AlTembly were of a different opinion ; cbrations of the King and Queen, gave an 

aud three Commilfioners were appointed to account of the manner iu wliich they had 

receive the Declarations of the King and executed tlwir commiflion j fee p. 666. 

Queen ; fee p. 667. Letters from the CommifTioncrs fent to 

On this ofx^fion the National Aflembly Douay and Arras, to uke meafures for th^ 

flecreed : fecunty of the frontiers, were read, and a 

I. That two Commifliqion OM W ^* number q( articles W9rp<l«crce4t 



>79»0 



Inttrijilng State $f Affairs $n tht Continent* 



76s 



A letter firom M. Simolm, the RufTun 
Ambaflador', in which he apologifes for the 
CGncem he haU in procuring a paflport for 
the witJow^ de Korff by a falfe pretence, 
which it was impollible for him to detect { 
tvitli the note which he received from the 
Baronefs, which entirely clears his Excel- 
lency from any blame io that bnfinefs« 
Copy of the note : 

" I am inconfolahle. Yefterday, in burn- 
ing feveral ufeleis papers, T liad the misfor- 
tune to throw into the fire the paiTiwrt 
which you had the goodnefs to obtain fer 
me. I am, indeed, alharoed to beg you to 
repair my blunder, and of the trouble which 
I occafion you. 

** Faris, June iOf I79t" 

(To he conthutJ.J 

Statk or Affairs Abroad. 

Political fpeculators are not yet agreed as 
to the termination of the war betwben the 
RulBans and Turks ; nor are the advices we 
receive by the way of Vienna, of thealmoft 
uninterrupted fucceflcs of the former over 
the latter, always to be de|)ended upon. — 
That the advantage of the war has, upon 
the whole, been in favour of RiUlia, appears 
inconteftahly true ; but it is equally true, 
that, at tlie beginning of the vTar, when the 
Turks flood alone againlt the combine*! 
powers of Rnflfia and Auftria, they defended 
themfelves with an «b(linacy that aOoiuflied 
Europe*: and it does not appear that even 
now they arc reduced to defp:»ir. 

•* MiniAefial notes," we are told, in the 
London Gazette, »* have been «'elivereJ at 
St. Peter(burg by Mr. Wlutworth and Mr. 
Fawkener, siud Count Gcltze, on the pai t of 
his Majefty and of the K ing of PnilTla, and 
by Count Ofterman, on the part of the Em- 
prefs of Ruflia, relative to the terms of pa- 
cification between Rutfia and the Porte. 

" In thcfe notes, iht Miniftersof his Ma- 
jefty and the King of Pruifia agree, on the 
part of their rcfpc<5live Sovereign?, that their 
JVlajellies will propofe to the l^)rte lo con- 
clude a peace with RuHia on the terms of 
the cefliidn of the diftridl of Oczikow, from 
the Bog to the Dniefter; her Imperial Mi- 
jjcfty engaging not to difturb the free navi- 
gation oi the latter river, but to favour and 
protecl it (to which condition the l^oi te is 
tobeequallv and recipi-ocally bound) j and 
her Imj^nal Majefty being alfoto rellore to 
the Porte, at t! «5 cooclui'ion of the peace, 
'ail oihcr conquelis 'whatever. The Mini- 
iler of her Imperial Majelty agree:, on the 
part of his Sovereign, to make peace on 
thefe terms ; and the Miniflcrs of his Ma- 
jefty and the King of PrulTia agree, on tlie 
part of their j^efpedUve Sovereigns, that, if 
Ijje Porte Ihould decliue to enter into nego- 
ciatioii on this bafis, their Majeities will 
leave the termination of the war to the 
pourfe of thofe events to which it may lead " 

Jh^ the above noiec ar« of fucl^ im^>or(* 

7 



ance as to enable Miniften to give aflTarances 
to our merchants, that they may now cany 
on their trade with fafety, appears by the 
notice that has been authentically delivered 
to them ; but that they no w^y tend to ter- 
minate tlie war between the Turks and Ruf-*' 
fians appears firom this, that both parties are 
left at full hberty, without any foreign in- 
terference, to carry on the war till the re- 
fources of one or both fhall be fo far ex* 
hauded as to render a celiation of hoftilities 
abfolmely neceflary. 

The Emprefs of Rufllia ha5 openly de- 
clared her terms, from which it d«>es not ap« 
peai- that flie will eafily recede. And while 
tlie Turks have a fo<it of land in Europe, 
thev will not furrender their moft fertile 
provinces, witliout whicli they cannot exilU 

The objedls to which meirs eyes are now 
direfled ate chiefly tite Revolution in Po« 
land, and the fate of the French King. The 
firflfeemsto have obtained the fuHrage o£ 
the neighbouring Sutes, while that of the 
fecond feems yet in fuf pence. The uncon* 
cera of the National AlTembly about 
flrengthening the frontiers atTitrds fome rea* 
fon to conclude that the King will accept of 
the Crown on the terms tha will be granted 
him ; while the wifties of the friends of the 
former Ooverjuncnt llronjily militate againU; 
acorapromiic. A few d*ys will probably 
dcteimine ihxs gran«i queAiou. 

East 1nl<irs. 
The latcfl news from the liiaft Indies was 
brou-ht by the Earl of Aher:^.ivniny, lately 
aiTivcd from Ciiioa, but l.iii from bt. Ue- 
Icn.i, where fhe left the VV'orceftcr from 
l<omb?y. This laft fhip had lettcr&oi bo.ird 
from Anjcngn, on the co.ilt of Malabar, fo 
late 35 the njth of Maic'.i, which affure, 
that General Ahcrcrombie had fuccefsfully 
cffc<5leJ his march *ip the Ghauts, and was 
within fifty miles of Se;iMi',apatam, the ca- 
pital of tlie lyr.in: Tippoo ; that Colonel 
Hartley hid marched ft ill nearer, and was 
ravaging iJic country ; that Earl Comwalhs 
by fome brilliant m.tnceuvres liad deceived 
the enemy, and afcendcd the Ghauts, with* 
out fiillaining any luf>i,anJ was clofe to Ban- 
galore, wlicre it was cxpcrted^ he would be 
joined by General Absrcrombie 5 that tlte 
Tafhua, with lar^e reinforce .iientB, had 
joined the Mahrata foices, and a detach- 
ment of 6000 cavalry was fent to the arfill- 
ance of Earl Cornwallis ; that the important 
fort of D.^rwar had at length furrcndercd to 
the combined forces of the Englifh and 
NIahrattas ; fo that there wa> not now any 
fort of confequcnce between Dai war and 
Seringapatam, near which the cavalry of the 
latter lud even penetrated j that Tippoo, in 
defpair, had quitted Ba» galore to its fate, 
and, trembling for the fate of his capital, 
had not fcruplcd to make the moll huroi« 
liating overtures to Eaii Cornwallis ; which, 
however, w^rc tpjc£U4 W|^ the contempt 

thef 



^66 Intelligence from the Eafl end Weft Indies, and America. [Auguft, 



they rneritcd.— Our readers necJ not be told 
that tlie above is not cl)e lauguage of authen- 
tic iiUclligence.* 

What may be depended upon is, that Eaii 
Comwallis had pafTcd tlte Clmuts; that Ge- 
neral /^bercrombie has taken pod on tl e 
Malabar Coaft, foas toprcferve a communi- 
cation with the O.ipping ; that Colonel 
Hattley is fo f^tuatad as to cover Madras ; 
tliat the Palhna has joined the Nizam ; and 
that, with a detachment of Britifli, tfiey now 
lie before Darwar, in hope of making that 
important fortrcfs foneiider to their joint 
Attacks ; and this by way of encouragement 
for the Mahrattas to engage heartily in the 
cauie* 

•West Indies. 
Extraff •/ a Letttr from Sir Jofcph Banks, 

Bsrt^ Prefidint of the Reyai Sodety, &r, to 

an Holt* ^^tmber of the jljftmblj of King- 

ilon, III Jamaica. 

*< By the generous vote of the Houfe of 
Aflerobly in favour of Captain Bligh, you 
have made a good man happy, and a poor 
man comparatively rich. He is highly grate- 
liil for, and fenhble of, the honour which 
bas been done him by fo truly refpe^able a 
body as tlie Aflembly of Jamaica. No news 
has yet come to his hands from the agent, or 
he would have exprefled his gratitude by 
this opportunity. 

" I take fome credit to myftlf for having 
fucccfsfuUy urged GovcmnAent to forward 
the eqoii>ment of another bread-fruit Ihip 
during the prefent turbulent times. Good 
foitune was my friend, as the application 
which fettled the vote was made not many 
days befure the Cabinet refolved to fit out a 
fquadron of Ihips: and had it come l.^^rr, 
tlie bafnicfs of bread-fruit would mevitably 
h.ive been poftponed, and perhaps have been 
totally ncgle<^ed. 

** Cnptain Bligh i; to have the command. 
His jwincipjl fhip is four hondro^.' tons, and 
. we hope tlicy will give him a tender btfidcs. 
I do not, therefore, entcnain a doubt that 
Jnniaica wiU polTcfb fon^e iiunUreds of bread- 
truit'-trees wiihia a year and a half of the 
prefent time. 

** It is my intention to requeft permifTion 
of Government that he may take the Ifle de 
France in his return, whcr* the French have 
now got all the fpic<;s, and try both uiicreft 
and money to procure them ; and he will 
have orders to procure all the fruits and ufe- 
ful planu of the Eaft, wherever he may 
touch ; fo that the cargo will be far more 
valuable than a cargo of bread-fruit-trees 
alone. 

*< It is difficult, in my opinion, to point 
eitf an undertaking really replete with more 
benevolence, rooi c hkely to add comforts to 
exiltmg people, aJid even to augrr.ent the 
number oif thol'e for whom the bounlits of 
creation were intendrtil, tl.an that of tranf- 
porting uiclul vegei.ibles Uom one |>urt of 



the earth to another where they do not exift. 
Sugar and coflfee went from the Eaft to the 
Weft ; and tljat all the remaining valuables 
of the Eaft msy follow them, is ray ardent 
wifh, as they will all equally fucceed under 
a tropical climate, ^fhe pind-apple went 
from the Weft to the Ea(^ ; and a finer pre- 
fent, in point of flavour, the Eaft wDl not 
be able t(» return. Ihe c oft ard apple, the 
pnpaw, the caftiew, and various others, are 
pntofs of the certainty of fucce&> if th* 
plants once arrive." 

Amxrica. 

The Ihip Mercury, Captain Gdlefpicy ia 
which the Cherokee Chiefs took their paf- 
iage to America, arriveil at Naflau on tha 
evening of the 23d of May laft ; aftera fta^ 
of a few days, to relax themfelves from tho 
fatigues of their voyage, they proceeded 00 
their paflage to the Continent. 

A leuer, dated the 17th of June, latelf 
received by a gentleman in town from Frcy- 
deck, in North Carolina (about 120 miles 
N. E. from Cherokee), ftates, that Colonel 
Bowlff, with his Indian companions, had 
arrived at Chetokee, and that an aflemblago 
of the Chiefs was, in confequence, convened | 
and that the warmeft gratitude was ex- 
pre0ed by the whole nation for the hofpita^ 
ble rece|>tion their Ambafladors had received 
in this country. It was further mentioned^ 
that a fecond embafly was in agitation, for 
the purpofe of prefeniing to his Britaimic 
Majefty the rareft prudu^ions of their 
coimtry. 

From Philadelpliia there is advice, that a 
French veflcl, ladcii with ferges, had not fold 
a fmgle article. A ihort time fmce, fomo 
French cloth, which appeared firm and 
beautihil, on trial was found to have been 
pieced, or fine-drawn } fome flips of Englifli 
cloth %N ere fewn on pieces of French, with 
admirable dexterity. 

The Frer.ch have exported a confiderable 
number of articles of tm-plaie manufadlure 
into America, which they calX ff Slanc, or 
white non. Their fine coat at hrft deceives 
the e> <*, hut will not bear examining. They 
are dilcovtred to have been merely ham- 
mercv! ; whereas thofc f:om England havo 
been all draws imder a rolling-mill, and are 

therefore every where preferred. The 

French artfully indent in fome articles the 
lettei-s A. Y. f(»r Andrew Yarranton, tho 
celebrated tin-plate manufacturer j as, for a 
nunt>er of years, was the cuftum, after the 
de^th of that diftinguilhed and afpiring me- 
chanick. 

By letters from the Bay of Honduras, 
brob^lit lK)me by tile Vahriit, Capt. Gard- 
ner, and ti.e Cumberland, Capt. Kuby, there 
is informal ion, that fome circum It antes have 
lately occurred thcr*: which may be pro- 
dudlivc of a difference between the Courts 
of LondvU and Madrid. Colonel Peter 
ilui.tci, ot iltc 6olh cc^imcnt, who was.fcnt 

ttUC 



1 79 1 • ] "^ IntenJUng InuUigenc^ from America, and Scotlancl. 767 

out to the Bay, in April, 1 790, by thQ Right feverely felt. But this evil would be tolera- 
Hoo* Lord Grenville, to take charge of the ble, were it not for the almoU certaiutf 
Kmg*s TiSbks during Colonel Dcfcard's fuf- there is, that the people will have their 
p«i£ioii, has frequentlyi but in vain, folicited pbntain-walks, which conflitute their chief 
to be recalled e at lafl, finding his fitoatioa fubfiilence, cut down by the Spaniards. By 
ia every refpe^ moft uncomfortable, he, on a conceffion of his Catholic M^jettyyof May 
the 15th of March laft, took his departure^ 29, 1789, the RricKh inhabitants are allowed 
for Jamaica^ in the Serpent Aoop of war, to make gardens, to a confiJerable extent, 
without leaving any perfon behind him in- for their fuflenance \ but are denied the prt« 
vtAed with the ^utliority to do the Govern- vilege to make plantain-walks. The Spanifh 
nient huftnefs until the arrival of another officers liave fmce that time winked at tliefe 
Superintendant. fmall encroachments, feeing they were ah- 
It ma/ be neceflary to mention, that, by folptely necelfary to the exigence of th9 
the Convention Treaty with Spain of 1786, people, efpecially the poorer fort. Buttliis 
it is /lipulaied, that, twice in the year, a bll grofs infulting violation of Che Treaty of 
Comraii&ry on tlie part of Spain fh.-\ll be 17S6, (as it is called by Captain Llovett), 
permitted to vtfit the Britilh limits in Hon- will undoubtedly be the caufe of that officer 
duras, accompanied by a Commillary on the executing his office of Commiffary with 
part of tlie King of Great Britain, to fee more rigour, according to the letter of his 
that the feveml ftipulations of that Conven- inflni^oits, and confequently in a manner 
tioo, as well as of the 6th article of the De- tliat will be attended with ferious conft« 
finitive Treaty of Peace of 1783, be (h-iftly quences to the fettlement in general, 
complied with : and fo very anxious was the When the accounts left Honduras, the 
Court of Madrid, tha*: the article refpedting Captain General's anfwer had not been re« 
the appointment and duty of the Coramif- ceived by Captain Llovett ; and for what ic 
iaries of the Courts (hould be mutually un- may be, or what may be the iiolitical cpnfe« 
derdood, that, fubfequent to the Convention quences of this extraordinary bufinefs, we 
being made, an additional article and fpe* muft wait till the next arrivals 6'om that 
cud agreement was entered into between the countiy. 
two Plenipotentiaries on that occafion, the ^^^m^.m^ 
Poke of Leeds and the Marquis del Campo, Scotland. 
relative to the objed^ of the vifit, and tlie EJhhrgbf Jul^ i. At the Court of Sef- 
manner to which it was at all times to be fion. Lord Elkgrove, as Ordinary in the 
performed. Outer-houfe, this day decided a caufe of a 
Sfaortly after Colonel Hunter's departure, cUrious nature. A young lady had betrothed 
Captain Don Rafael Llovett, Engineer ia herfelf to a merchant in Aberdeen; the 
Ordinary, arrived at Belize River, in qua- marriage-day was fet, a houfe taken and 
llty of Spanifh Commillary, to vifit the Bri- fumilhed, fervants hired, and the lady fur- 
tifti Ihntts, agreeably to the before -mentioned nifhed witli her marriage-ring. In the courfe 
article ; but finding uo perfon there, on the of a long epiftolary correfpondetice, (he ma- 
part of <}reat Britain, to receive him, and nlfeded the ftrongeft attachment and molt 
appoint a Commiflary to accompany him, as inviolable fidelity to him ; but all of a fud* 
particularly pointed out by the Convention, den Ihe clianged her mind, and married ano* 
and as liad been -nvar ably adhered to pre- ther. Feelins the difappointment, her for* 
vious to that time, tie was much furprifed, mer lover brought an ndlion of damages 
and inomediaicly difpatched a courier to againfl her and her hufband. Before it came 
Merida, tlie capital of the Spaoiih province into Court, the lady died. The adlioo was^ 
of Yucatan, within which our fettlement of however, infilled on againft the furviving' 
Honduras is fituated, to Genera) Galvez, the hufband ; but the Lord Ordinary, after a full 
Governor of that Province, to acquaint hi& hearing, in the courfe of which there was 
with the event. — Merida being about four much humour and ability difplayed, difmijUcd 
hoodred miles diflant from Belize River, the adlion. His Lordfhip was clearly of opt- 
Catitain Llovett, in order to pafs bis time nion, that, till the moment of the maiTiage 
tmtil he fhould receive the Captain General's ceremony, it was in the power of the lady 
anfwer, went out in his peragua to viiit the to recede. Though her letters contaitied the 
fmall iHands on the coa(i which lie without ftrongeft effufions of love towards the pur«> 
the Britilh limits, but where our people fuer, ami even a diredl promife of marriage, 
ufed |ti iv.itely to fiih for turtle ; and tliere he yet tliey at the fame time (hewed that her 
fetzed every perfon he found, with their friends were againfl the conntxion, and that 
turiling craft, Uc, in particular, Mr. Noel all_ their intimacy had been carrieil on in the 
Todd, a fettler of fome property, being mofl fecret manner. His Lordfhip there- 
found fifhing fortmtiy without the limits, fore confidercd, that any man who eadea- 
was feized by Captain Llovetr, and was vours to inveigle a young woman into a 
threatened with being carried a prifoner to clandeftme marriage, and a marriage againft 
the neighbonring Spanifh port of Bacalar. the confent of \\tv friencfs, was guilty of aa * 
Turtle beii^ (except fiQi) the principal food immoial adl ; conCequantly, not entitled to 
ia die oountiy, tlKfe feizures will be moft maimaiaan a^^ioaof damage, when bli in- 

tentioiis 



y68 InUllJgificejfrgmScothni^ fl«/ Country Ndws. fAtiguff, 

tentions were frudrated by a returning ibnfe don, chat they could not be diflini^iflied ftvm 
of duty upon the part of the lady. each other. The head of one of tbem was 

The following is an account of ttie lofs of thrown to a very coafidcrable diftance. 



tbo ihip Neptune, of Le'itb, in Greenland, 
on the 2 ^d of May laft : 

On the 2ift of May the ihip was lying at 
a field of ice, in length forty or fifty miles, 
another nearly the lame fize drifting down 
by a gale of wind at the fame time. On 
Saturday night, at ten o'clock, the 21ft, the 
two fields met, dire<5lly at the fpot where the 
Ihip was lying, which fquetzed her with 
fuch violence, that in half an hour they oW- 
ferved the water above the firft tier of cafts 
in the hold j at the fame time the (hip's com- 
pany were empl<jyed in (awing a dock for 
the (hip ; hut the prelTure was fo hard, as to 
jam the ice faws, which rendered every 
effort of that kind inefFeAual. The water 
fiill continued to rufh into the (hip in fuch 
• manner, that at twelve o*cIock it was 
within a foot of the lower-deck beams. They 
immediately hoi (led a fi^nal of diflrefs at 
the lop- maft-head, for afii fiance from about 
fifty fail of Duich and £ugli(h (hips near 
them ; bm all, being in fuch a dangerous 
fituation, ccul4 give little help. By the af- 
fiftance they received, and getting two more 
pumps from the other fhips, they kept the 
Ihip from finking till Monday noon, when 
the ice Oncked. As the principal leak was 
not far under water, ih«y ufed every means 
to flop it, cut up pieces of beef a«d oakum, 
and let them down along the fide with a 
fail, which they found of great fervice j fo 
that, in two hours after, the (hip was confi- 
derably lightened. They immediately fixed 
an anchor on the ice, and got the (hip hove 
down fo far as to get at the pl.ice where (he 
was moft bruifcd, over which tlie carpenters 
nailed canvas and boards, and was (o per- 
fectly water-tight, that the crew had every 
hope of favipg t!.e fhip ; when, at fix in tlic 
evening, the ice j;()t in motion a fecond time, 
and fqucezcd with fuch force, tliat it almoft 
cut the (hip in two, and in five minutes (he 
was fo far umlcr water, that the people on 
board were obliged to 'are thcmfclveson the 
rigging. The Uoyal Hounty, of Leiih, at 
the fame time was witliin tcnyardf, and was 
hfted up by the ice three or four feet; but, 
being a (harp Ihip, got no damage. 

Country News. 

NeWon-j^'t'crtf Vvoitt Juh s. A dread- 
ful fit e broke out at a public^houfe in this 
town, kiumnby the name of the Miller's 
Wheel, which tici^n ycd the fame and ftxtccn 
other i!wcllirg5 hefore it was c;ot t.ndcr. The 
principal fviffcrcris Mr. Braufcombc, whofc 
lofs is eftiniatcd at 2, cool. 

£'WiU, Ju'y 5. A powder-mill bcl'^nging 
to Mr. Bridges, near this |>l.<cc, tltw up; 
by which licculcnt four men lofl rhe^r l:vcs. 
Three out of the four lad Inige familitts — 
Hie b0i.lies were (o mutilticU l>y the cxplo* 



On the morning of the 1 3th of July, a 
melancholy accident happened at PViicotg 
near Bifbop's Caftle, Slu'op(hire. A num- 
ber of workmen being employed to take 
down a brick wall, they undermined it, ia 
order that it might fall ; and fitting down on a 
bench near the fame, in order to view it, the 
foundation fuddenly gave way, and the wail 
fell upon one Samuel Cooke, a bricklayer, 
and cru(hed him in fo terrible a manner, that 
he^ expired in a (hort time after. His father 
and feveral otlieri narrowly efcaped being 
hurt, having cjuitted the bench but a few fe- 
conds before the unfortunate young man was 
kUled. 

LechLJf, July 18. Yefterday evening this 
town experienced one of the moft violent 
thundcr-ftorms ever known in this country. 
After a very clear and hot day, about four in 
the afternoon the clouds began to coUedt in 
tlie Eaft, and foon formed a very lowering 
afpedt 

At five the dorm commenced, and con« 
tinued, with little intemullion, till nine at 
night. 

The thunder was moft tremendous, ami 
the flaihes ofhghtning fo frequent and vivid, 
that the whole tieavens appeared in a total 
confiagrntion. The rain, accompanied at 
firft with hail-(lones of a prodigious (ize, 
defcended in fuch torrents, that the houfea 
in St. John*s-llreet were overflown with 
water, and the river Ifis, in confeqtience, fo 
much fwelled, that we apprehend much da- 
mage is done to the new l»ek. 

One of tlie windows of the church is 
ihivered to pieces, and the fte^ple has alfo 
received much d.image. Divme fervice had 
been over about h.ilf an hour previous to the 
Aoiro, whereby many lives were probably 
faved. 

The li^^htning, in its progrefs, isfuppofed 
to have been attra^ed by the bells, and the 
large chandeliers which are fufpended by 
iron gUt chains from the roof of the church. 

We have not yet heard of any other acci- 
dents, excepting the XoXs, of two horfcs in 
an adjoining meadow, which were (truck 
dead. The ftorm was alfo, we hear, very 
heavy at Highworth, Swindon, Farringdon, 
and the vicinity, though unattended, we 
believe, with any fcrious confequences. 

Monday mornirg. The rain is at prefent 
falling in torrents, with occafional claps oC 
thunder. Much damage, it is apprehended, 
will accrue to the new water-works recently 
ere(5led on the river. The meadows prefent 
one entire (hc(^ of water. The com, par- 
ticularly the^ wheat, muft inevitably fuftaia 
irreparable injury. 

Port News. 
ILmfgati, Jutj i8. Yefterdayi at high 

fpriD&<« 



I7JI.1 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



769 



fytini'ti^, the new dry dock, built in the 
hikm for repairing ihipSy was tried, in tlM 
prefence of the Chairman, for the firft time 
fince ic was thought necelfary to build it with 
a timber-floor^ of a new and peculiar con- 
ftmflion, on account of the fpringt rifin^y 
from the chalky fo powerfully under it, that 
the ih>ne- floors, with which it had been 
twice trieil formerly, were forced up. Ttte 
expe rim ent anfwered in the compleateft 
manner, the dock remaining perfe^ly dry 
tdl low- water, when the fluices of the bafon 
were opened for fcouring tlie harbour; fo 
ttuK this very defirable obje6^, that has been 
fomnch defpoired of, is now fully obtained, 
and mufl prove of great utility to the pub- 
lick. 

P§rtfm»rb, yufy a J. A duel was fought 
this day on South Sea Common, between 
two gentlemen of the navy, Mr, Campbell 
of the Bedford, and Mr. Taylor of the St. 
George. They took their dUlance at feven 
paces, and, on Mr. Taylor's returning Mr. 
Campbell's fire, the ball lodged in the right* 
hand of the latter, when the feconds inter- 
fered, an*! tlie matter ended. The ball was 
exiraAed the fame day by a medical gentle- 
man of Portfmaoth, and there, are hopes 
that the wound will not prove any wife fatal. 

Mr. Campbell, at the momtnc he received 
the wooodf had his hand on his left breafty 
and its being io that (ituation alone preferved 
htslife. 

Both gentlemen behaved with the ntmoll 
iemgeyandare now perfoAIy reconciied. 

HlSTDHICAL ChiONICLI. 

The Uule Republick of Rs^a difplayt 
an aftoniihing fpedtacle : liberty attached to 
defpotifm. its government is nnore antient 
than that of Venice, and iti treaty of alli- 
ance with the T<irks dates as far back as Or- 
Chan, who figaed it by applying his hand 
dipped in ink Ml the paper. The Chief of 
the Republick is changed every month, the 
tther officers every week, and the Governor 
of the Caftle every day. In 1763, the Re- 
poblidL, BoCwithftandtng its weaknefs, had 
the courage to refift the power of the Ruf- 
tbnS) who threatened to bombard it, on a 
refufal to permit the eiUblifhment of a 
Creek church there, which die Emprefs de- 
fired, to ferve a party, hj means of which 
flie hoped to withdraw Ragufa from its alli- 
ance with the Turks. ^ My orders" faid 
Count de Ragni, deputy to Count Orlow, 
** are, not to liften to fuch a propofal. Her 
IfDperial Majefty may bombard R.igufa : but 
it fhali be laid in afhes before a Greek cii'.irch 
fball be built in my country ; nor will my 
Sovereign enter into any engr^gcments con- 
trary to iti treaties with the Porte." . When 
we confider, that this haughty anfwer is :k1- 
^rdT^ to fuch an empire as RuiKa by a ftace 
with an army of 160 foldiers, we camiot 
<kttt be muv«d by its heroic fii*mnc(i. 

Cant. Mag. Aftgyfl, I79X* 

.11 



DOMBITIC OcCUftRCNCaS. 

>/y 1. 

Thomas Brown, who liad been outlawed 
for not appearing to an indiftroenr, charging 
him with being concerned with others in 
ftealing a number of dollars from on board a 
(hip in the River Thames, was brought from 
Newgjte, and placed at the bar of the Court 
of King's Bench, in order to aflign errors ia 
the proccf dings of the outlawry. 

The prifoner after the robbery abfcooded, 
and went to France. 

Mr. Wood, his counfel, dated, that tht 
error in this cafe was precifely the fame as ia 
the outlaid ry of Barrington. 

The Court ordered the prifeoer to be 
brought up again on a future day. 

y./y 4. 

About two o'clock in the morning, as a 
man and a woman were walking up Drury* 
lane, they were met by two men mtlier in- 
toxicated, who made very unceremoniont 
love to the lady, which occafioned a qiurnel 
and a flght. The man who was with the 
Wiman received an unfortunate blow upou 
the head, which killed him on the fpot.*- 
The Coroner's Inqueft fat the next day upon 
the body, and Wrought la their verdi^ man* 

The wind was fo exceedingly high and 
boifterous, that no fhips could come into the 
Pool. Above Bridge.the river was fo un- 
ufually rough and full of fwell, that fm^U 
boats could not crofs ; the failing craft had 
their (ails fplit j and two or three barged 
carried away tlieir mads, juid were oblige4 
to run in (hore, and come to anchor. 

In the King's Benchy Mr Garrow (hewed 
caufe againft a rule, obtained by Mr. Er« 
(kine, for a cr'uninal information againft a 
Mr. Lewis, for publifhing a fcandalous hbe| 
upon Mr. Taylor^ a Magiftrate of Devon* 
(hire, and Chairman of the Quarter Seflion* 

Mr. Garrow (lated, that Mr. Taylor, aa 
Chairman of the Quarter Seffion, had repri- 
manded Mr. Lewis (who lud been employed 
to build a bridge), alledging, as he had 
heard, that he 1»4 negleded to pay the 
workmen. Mr. Lewis, in confequence oC 
this repreheofion, fent a letter to Mr. Tay- 
lor, in which he accufed him of having be- 
haved to him in a very fcandalous manner^ 
and of wounding bis chara^r and reputa- 
tion } at the lame time informing him, that 
he was determined to have his iajuries re- 
dreffed. This letter, Mr. Garro.v faid, 
might be conftrued inlo a cliallenge ; but he 
concefved the true import of it was, that 
his client intended to appeal lo th^ laws of 
hit country. 

Mr. GaiTow faid, tlie Defend*»nt had nU 
reitly foftained a puiiifh-ncnt adequate to his 
offence (if he had committed any); for, la 
conTcquence of reporu cireuUted rerpet'.\lri^ 

Ilia 



770 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Auguft, 



his conduct, he Yad loft a marriage with a 
lady of independeDt fortune. 

The Court were of opioion, that Mr. 
Taylor had difcharged hi$ duty as 9 Magif- 
trate in the reproof he had bcAowed upon 
Uie Defeodaaty againft whom there was no 
ground to make the rule abfohile. 

Ry the content of tlie Counsel for the pro- 
fecution, the rule was dl^fcbai gedy upon tiie 
Defendant's undertaking to mak^an apology 
and to pay the cofts. 

At fjx^ the afternoon Lord Kenyon (at 
at Nifi Prius at Guildhall, when an adion 
was hrought by Gregory, to receive of Ruf- 
fel the fum of 34I. i <s. being the remainder 
of a reward advertiud by the Defemtant to 
be given to the perfoo who ihould give in- 
formation fo that one Richardfon (wlio had 
ilolen fome of the Defendant's property) 
ihould be taken ; to be paid on the convic- 
tion of the offendei'. 

It was proved, that the Plaintiff had been 
the means of apprehending the felon, and 
that he liad been convi6led of the offence. 

Lord Kenyon was of opinion, that public 
faith ought to be kept up in thefe cafes^d 
tliat the Plaintiff ougtit to receive the money. 

jMfy 6. 

Lord Loughborough, as the Senior Juftic^ 
of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol 
Delivery, impofed a fine of five hundred 

. pounds upon the county of EHex (which we 
have recorded in its place), for the negli- 
gence of the gaoler in fome matters relating 
to the county 'gaol, which fine was after- 

. .wards regularly el\reated into the Court of 

y Exchequer. The county, with a view to 
try the legality of impufiag this fine, obtained 
tk w lit oictrjitari to remove the record of the 
fine, as made at Chelmsford by the Clerk 

.'of the Arraigns during tlte ailizes at which 
it was impofed. The Attorney General^ 
liowever, conceived that the parties were 
not entitled to this writ ; and, initead of re- 
turning tlie record, he moved the Court of 
Excliequer that the writ might be quaihed, 
as having been improvidently ilTued : and 
the point was this day debated by Mr. Bear- 
croft and Mr. Wood, on behalf of the coun^r 
of ElTex. But the Court took time to conH- 
4er of the que^on. 

Lord Chief Baron Eyre now delivered tlie 
opinions of the Barons, that the writ muit 
be quaihed, quia iii^ntfiJi mandavit. He 
. faid, therf \Vas no doubt but that the Court 
of Kxc))cquer had authority to grant a eer^ 
iior^ri to remove the record of a fine ; but 
that it was not a writ to which a Defendant 
was entitletl ex deblto jh/iUi^Pt efpecially in 
the prefent cafe, becaufc he might plead, 
4nd go to ilTue upon tlie eftreat as well as 
upon the record. 

His Lordfhip illuilrated this law in that 
high and dignified f\yle of eloquence ,by 
which he i^ to eminently dinin^uifhed, and 
ihcwcd, in a^^gJV^- v.ijjeiy of inftanccs, ihe 

. tcwfoii wii wlucb lliw Cjiut had formed tlieir 



pidgenients ; particularly the cafe of Sir Joho 
Read, in the reign of Charles IL who, as 
Sheriff of the county of Hertford, was fined 
five hundred pounds by Mr. Juflice Wyn<U 
ham, for not doing his duty at the aflizes ; in 
which cafe, though the reeord of the'fi^o 
was rembved by certiorari, yet it appearwt 
to be at the inilance of the Kingt and before 
the fine was efb^ated ; and tlie cafe of the 
inhabitants of Cornwall, who, in the reign 
of James (L were fined for not keeping tho 
county |aol in repair. 

The. writ of ctrtiorari wat accordingly 
quafhed, and the county left to plead to the 
edreat as they fhould be advifed. 

Between the hours of four and five in the 
afternoon, as a poor woman was gathering 
chickweed in a field adjoining the long lane^ 
known by the name of Cut-throat-lane^ 
which leads from Kennington Common to 
Camberwell, fhe fuddenly perceived the bodjr 
of a man upon the ground near the ditch, 
with his throat cut, and the blood ftrearoins 
near him^ On his righl-luind lay the razor 
with which he had deilroyed himfeK, and 
alfo his cravat, fo deliberately had he doiw 
it. The poor woman's (hrieks, at the fight 
of a fpe^tade fo horrid, foon brought ail 
the labourers in the neighbouring brick- 
fields, and the paffengers within hearing. 
On examination, he appeared to be about 
^hirty years old, well-drefled, in a genteel 
drab-coloured coat, toilenette waiflcoat, fuf- 
'tian breeches, the late oew-fa(hioned blue 
thread dockings witli white clocks, iilvpr 
ihoe and knee buckles, and in his pocket 
two half-guineas, fbiu* fhillings and fix pence 
in filver, and fome half-pence. Having no 
papers about him which could lead to a dif- 
covery of who he was, he was taken to 
Lambeth bone-houfe to be owned. 

July I u 

A cafe of great confequence came on te 
be tried in the Court of King's Bench. The 
Plaintiff, Petit, had been committed to prl- 
fon by Juflice Addingcon, for indecent beha- 
viour, and interrupting him while engaged in 
his duty. The J^iryy upon the trial, found a 
verdid^ for the Plaintiff, with 5I. damages, 
fubje^l to tlie opinion of tlie Court upon the 
queftion of law, *< Whetlier the Defendant, 
as a Magiilrate fitting at the Office m Bow- 
ilreet, had a right to commit the Plaintifif, 
witliout binding her over for her good bteha- 
viour ?'* T4ie Plaintiff, by warrant, was 
committed for an indefinite term, the war- 
rant ooncludmg with thefe words : ** Until 
fhe be difcharged by due pourfe of bw."— 
Slie continued in prifon upwards ol two 
months. 

Mr. Erfidne contende^l, tliat the Defend- 
ant, while fitting <it his Office, a^ed in a 
Mini{leri:il, and not in a Judicial ca)|aciiy ; 
and therefore, h>r the infuU otfieied ro hnif 
fcif, luid no ri^ht to cnntmii tlis Piair.tirf 
generally, but ouglu to have commiticd her 
uidy until Ibe found fureties for hei gooil be- 



I79I-] DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 771 



hiTiour- Ho contended alfo, that the war- 
noc of commitmeiiC was defective ; and cited 
miiiiy oafes to prove that Mr. Addingtoa had 
aaedUlesaUy. 

<Lord Kenyon wiihed the Counfel to frame 
a cafe* in* order that the qaeftioiiy which 
feems of infinite confequeqce to the puhlick, 
aad to every Magi () rate, whofe conduft in 
fozore muft be guided by this declfiony might 
raceive the folemn fan^ioa of the Court. 

The Court of King's Bench laid down a 
noft imporUnt rule with refpe^ to the ad- 
miffioD of Attornies, which was read by the 
Clcrky and is in fuhitance as follows : 

*• That, from and after the lad day ef Mi- 
chaelmas Term next, it was ordered, that no 
Attorney who wrote, or did bufinefs, for 
other Attomies, ihould have any Articled 
Clrrk, or if he bad, that his fervice fhould 
nut be deemed good fervice. And that, be- 
fore any perfon applied for admilTion to be 
an AttcToey of the Ci)iut of King's Bench, 
unleCitie bad been previoiiHy admitted as an 
ACcpmey of fome other t^ourt, he (hould, 
for ihe fpace of one full term, caoTe his namb 
and place of abod*jj as well as the name and 
pUc e of abode of U^t Attorney to whom he 
had been articled, to be written in legible 
chara^ers on the outfule of the Court of 
King's Bench, where public notices are ufu* 
ally l\uck. up, and alfo in the King's Bench 
Office* and at the Judges' Chambers."'' 

Lord Kenyon fjid, this had been commu- 
nkaCed to the Court of Common Pleas. 

At night, as Mr. John Palmer, of tlie 
|1 ay market theatre, was resuming firom 
Kichoiond in a gig, accompanied by Mr. Kel* 
ly, of the Strand, the horfe took fright jn 
{Cenfingtoo, and threw both the gentlemen 
out. Mr. Palmec received a dreadful cut in 
tl>e heady and his collar-bone was fra^ured ; 
bis life was declared to be in very imminent 
danger. Mr. Kelly received a violent blow 
on the fide, by which he was much cut, and 
bis bead and hce were greatly bruifed. 

7'*h 14. 

In -the Court of King's Bench, an a^ion 
Was^ tried, Hopkins vffut Sawyer, which 
took up a coofiderahie part of the time and 
attention of the Court. The Plaintiff, bit 
fpring, purchafed a horle, for thirty guineas, 
from the Oefeodant, which was warranted 
to be found ; buc the horfe dying fome time 
after the purcbafe, in confequence 9^ un- 
ijjundneis, the prdent adlion was brought to 
recover his value from the Defendant. The 
Circumflance that created peculiar difficulty 
in feiuching the true merits of the cafe, was 
the dc^Tith of the farrier who had the care of 
the horfe after his coming into the PlaintilTs 
poflisiiioo. It appeared, however, that the 
horfe was iU at tlie time uf his delivery, and, 
growing woife, (bortly died. Two fervants 
belonging to tlie Defendant gave a teftimony 
diredlly contrary to that ut ihe witnelTes on 
^hjdf .of ;iic piaiotiff { bt)t Lord Kenyon 



partly reconciled the incoofiilenciet in f> 
vour of t|ie P^intifC 

The Jury retired, and, after fome time, 
brought in Iheir verdidt for tlie Plaintiff, 
31I. tos. 

r*r/y 15. 

The Coroner's Inqoeft fat on the body of 
Mr. Graham ; fee p. ^ti. After a due in- 
vedigation of this melancholy tranfa^lion, 
as well its origin as every fubfecpicnt part, 
the Jury brought in a verdi^ of Mnwjlattgb' 
ter againfl Mr. Julius the principal, and ac- 
quitted the Seconds. 

On the next evening (Saturday) his corpfe 
was interred in Lincobi's-lnn burial-ground. 

>fy 19- 
About ten o'clock in the morning a young 

gentleman put a period to Jiis exiflence in a 
field behind the Duke of Bedford's houfe.-^ 
He wa5 obferved by a gentleman, who 
paffed him on his way firom Iflington, to 
take a piflol from his pocket, and then with 
the utm'oft coolnefs feated himfelf on the 
turf. The gentleman, thinking he was go* 
ing to amufe himfelf by (hooting at the birds, 
took no notice of him, until, alarmed by 
the report of the piflol, he turned his head, 
andfaiv him fall i ho then hurried back, and 
found that the ill-fated young man had placed 
the muzzle of the pidol to the pole of his 
necki and had blown out his brains. On 
fearching his pockets a card* was fouml, 
which difcovered his name, and another con- 
taining the addrefii of a friend, who, being 
fent for, immediately attended, and faw the 
boiiy conveyed to a neighboiA*ing lioufe, for 
the Coroner's Jury to fit on it. 

A poor old woman, with a baiket on her 
head, had a few moments before requeued 
the aini^ance of the unhappy man to lift 
down her burthen, an4 he had attended to 
her defire with great humanity and care. 

Pecuniary embarraffments are faid to have 
been the caufe of his committing tlie raOi 

aa. 

In the afternoon a poor countryman was 
going over Blackfriars Bridge behind a coach, 
4nd, in endeavpuring to get from behind the 
f.ime, before he could recover himfelf fron) 
the leap, was knuck,cd dpwn by the horfes 
of another coach which was coming up at 
the fame inftant; by which accident the 
coach whetil went over the back part of the 
poor man's neck, and killed him on the fpoc. 

Jtify 24. 

A young woman threw herfelf from one 
of the barges at the Adelphi Wharf into the 
Thames ; Ihe was foon taken out by fome 
filhermen, but would give no account of 
herfelf, or the reafons which imluccd her to 
make the ra(h attempt. — She appeared to be 
about twenty-|bur yeai's of age, and was far 
advanced in pregnanqr. 

This day the following Proclamation yi:% 
iflfued by the King in Coqnpl : *• Whereas 
bis MsLK^y W^ ple;ifcd« by his order in 

Coun^i^ 



772 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Aoguft,. 



Council of the 29th of laft month, to diraft, 
that the bounties granted by his Majefty's 
proclamation of the 25rh of March, 1791 1 to 
able and ordinary fetmen, who (hould enter 
tliemfelves to ferve in his Maielly's royal 
navy as therein mentioned, Ihould he conti- 
nued until the 3 f ft day of this inftant Auguft: 
and whereas his M.ijefty doth judge it no 
longer nrt^flary to continue tho faid boun- 
ties: his Majefty is thereupon V"^fed. by 
and with the advice of his Privy Councd, to 
order- and declare, that the faid bounties (hall 
from henceforth ceafe, detehnine, and he no 
longer paid or payable, any thing in the faid 
order oif the 29th of laft month contained to 
the contraiy notwithftanding. Whereof all 
perfons concerned are to take noticei and go- 
vern themfclves accordingly." 
Fridi^ 19. 

This day an «xpre{5 from Government' 
was received at Portfmooth by Admiral 
Roddam and Commiflioner Saxton, with or- 
ders for paving off the Fleet with all poffiUe 
dtfpatch. The following is an tatauSt ftate of 
the deftinatioa of the difiiereat (hips : 

Guard-ihtps to be ftationed at Portfnaoutb < 
Duke, flag-lhip, 98 guns ; Brunfwicic, 74 { 
Alcide, 744 Edgar, 741 Htaor, 74; Bad- 
lord t 74 

At Plymoo^ : St George, flag-(hip, 98 { 
Orion, 74; Camatic, 74 s Bombay Oaftle, 74. 

At Chatham : Bdleropboo, fla^-fhip, 741 
Vengeance, 74. 

Ships to bo paid off at Portfinaouth : Vic- 
tory, too; Barfleur, 98 ; Prinoeis Royal, 90 s 
Magnificent, 74; Siium, 741 Courageux, 74 % 
Vanguard, 74 ; Lion, 64 i Ardent, 64. 

At Plymouth : Impregnable, 9S 1 London, 
98; Formidable, ^%^ Celoffus, 7^^^ Cullo- 
d«i, 74; Swifkfure, 74. j lUuftnous, 741 
Hannibal, 74; Cumberland, 74. 

At Cbathnms Mailborough, 741 Mo- 
narch, 74; Bellona, 74; Rohoft, 74; Ar- 
rogant, 74 ; Alfred, 74 \ DhStator, 64. 

Though the guard (hips are 1 educed to 
twelve, yet the ufual peace-compliment of 
Jeamen is to be kept up, there being twenty- 
five fiipMes, befides froaller vcireU, to be 
continually in commi(non,|tofcour the Chan- 
nel, &c. of Cmug^lcrs. 

McnA^y 22. 

Five of the Rioters, who had been appre- 
hended for offences committed nenr Sir m'ng- 
h^fttf were tried at the affixes for Worctftcr- 
ihire. Only one i>f them was convicted. 
Thurj^My 25. 

The following, Birmingham Rioters re- 
ceived fentence of death at the Warwick 
AiVizcs ; viz. Francis Field, for felonloufly 
fctting hrc to the houfe of Juh'i Taylor, tfq. 
John Green, and B.trthoUjmew FiChcr, for 
demolilhing llie boufc vA Dr. Prieftley ; and 
■WiUiau) Hand-, for lieftroving the houfe of 
John RyUiuj, Er«|. Some p.irticuJars of the 
jftvcral trials' ihall be given in our next. 

ivtd.y 26. 

Tliis being fcttUng-ilay at the Stock £a» 



changv, the ftock*jobberf have thought k 
neceflary to adopt a new HMide. fn geoenA 
it lias been cuftomary to fettle on one dxf^ 
and to pay on the next ; and, when fettling- 
day happened upon a Friday, the Jews havo 
had tlie indulgence till Mondays bntoow 
notice was given to the Jews, that they are 
to pay in the evening, and that the buoie 
will be kept open for that parpofe« The 
great advance in the ftocks has occafioned 
this new regulation. Some capital failures 
had happened, and more were expend. 
IVtdm'fdsy 31, 

By authentic intelligence firom M.'tdrid, a 
Treaty of Peace and Commerce between 
Spain and the Regency of Tunis, wtb bum^ 
bit tbanh t* tbe j^imigbty for [9 grtat s/m v mt rp 
was figned 9T Madrid on tlie 19th of July, 
by Count ot CiFvtNTtt. 

Tlve fulUming are the Preliminaries a* 
greed upon between the Allied CiMirts and 
Rnflia, as the bafis for negociating peace be* 
tween the Turks and RulQans. Thefe Pre- 
Itrainarics oont:un her Imperbl Majefty's 
Ultimatum ; and prefcribe the conditions en 
which the Allies are empowered to agree» 
on her part, with the Turks. 

I. That Ocfakow, with all its fortifica- 
tions, and its whole di ftri£l, ftiall remain ia 
the poflbffion of her Ruflian Mi^efty. 

If. That all tlie coimtry fituated between 
the Rivers Bog and Dnielter fhall, for the 
fbture, belong to Ruflfia infiUl fbvereigiity. 

III. That the River Doiefter (hall, (or th^ 
future, determine tbe frontiers of botti king- 
doms. 

IV. That tlie two Powers (hall have • 
perfefl and equal liberty te ereA on tho 
(hores of the faid River, which (bores (hall 
ferve for frontiers 10 tbe sefjie^ive empires^ 
as mftny fortreflies as they (hall think proper. 

V- That her Jmpenal Majefty giants a 
free navigation on the River Dhieftef. And, 

VI. That tlie Courts of London and Ber- 
lin will engage to propofe the (aid condi* 
tions to the Porte, and agree to decbne to 
the Di\an, that they could obtain no otiier 
C4)iidit}oiis fiom her Imperial Majefty; apd 
that the Allied courts expert the Poite will 
make no diftictilty in accepting them t as, 
(ho'.Id the terms hie rejc^ed, they (the Al- 
lied Courts) will modi ixgi < % being under 
the necefficy to abandon the Turks to the 
fate of war. 

After fo nuny falfe reports, we have it 
now from authority, that a Definitive Treaty 
of Peace was figued, on the 4tli inftant, be- 
tween the Kmperor and the Ottoman Porte* 
under the joint nndiatton of the King of 
Great Britain, of the King of Prufha, and of 
the States General of ttie United Provinces; 
and that a feparate Conventirn b* tween his 
Imperud Majefty and the Ottoman Ports, 
for fettling the limits between the two em* 
piles, was afterwards (j^ned on the (ame 
djQr. 

P. 58S. 



lyg^O BlograpbUal jtmedttis iftmtmnt Pirfins^^^Births. 7^^ 

P. 58S. Mf. Whalley was of an anticnt le>igth completed. Mr. W. was alfo author 

frroily in Nortlumptoiiihiref and receiveU of a Copy of Verfes prtfixed to Hanrey^ 

liU education at Merchant'taylors-fchnol atul. '* Meditations;*' and before he went abroad 

Sc John's College^ Oxford, of which lad he took in fubfcriptlons, at a gitinea each, Cor 

was fome time fellow- ^ After iiuitting the a (|uaito Hiftory of the feveral Royal Hofpi- 

Univeriityy he becaq^e vicar of St Sepulchre, tah of London. 

Northampton. Jn 1766 he appjed to the P. 58(). Themonejr (aid to have been b«« 
Corporation of London to faccecd Dr. Birch queathed by tlie late « ounteiis of Huntingdon 
iQ the re^lory of St. Margaret Pattens; and to the Karl of Dartmouth and Sir Rich. Hill, 
in his addrefs to them faidy ** I have neither tb 69 dlHribated in charitable ufes, originated, 
curacy nor letlureihip, but a fmall country probably, in her Ladyihip having, by ber 
vicarage, whofe clear annual income is on- will, nominated that Nobleman and Sir Ri- 
der ieveiity poumts, and which, if I merit chard Hill two of the truftees to the Orphan* 
your indulgence, will be necet&rdy void." houfc Charity in America. 
He obtained this re/lory, and afterwards P. 608. The late Lady Anne Hamilton it 
added to It the vicarage of Horley, In Sur- imprtptrfp iaid to he the daughter of Sir J. 
rey (in wluch he is fucceeded by the Rev. Rudd ;-^he being the daughter of his la^ 
Kfr. 6)iarrow, vicar of Difcworth, co. Lei* (now living) by another hufband, Charlet 
cefter, and curate (>f Walthdmitow, co. £f- Powel, of Pm-y Bank, in Carmarthoiihire. 
lex). He took )he degree of B.C. L. J:|d. P.680. OftheftrangefeAoftheBiidunite% 
•9, 176S i and io the October following was fee our voL LV. p. 391. 
chofen mafter of the gramnnar-fcbool of 1 

.ChriftVhoTpital, which he refigned in 1776, Births. 

hot afterwards accepted thar of St. Olave, and T^/f npHE Lady pf Craven Ord,efq. a {otu 

a^ed as a juftice of the peace in the Borough. r 8. X a^. At Inglehy Manor, co. York^ 

. He was the author of, t. ** An Enquiry into the Lady of bir Wro Foulis,bart. a daughter, 

the Learning of Shakfpeare, with Remarks 28. At his Lordihip's beufe in Portu^-ftr. 

on feveral P^lTages of iiisPlays, 1 74S,* ' 8 va— Vifcountefs Valletort , a daughter, 

a. *' A Vindication of the Evidences and Au« 19. At Sir Qea Cornwall's, in Stanhope* 

thenticity of tl)e G of pels from the Obje^ions ftreet, Mrs. Cornwall, a (bo. 

of the late Lord Boli.igbrrke, in hjs Letters Latefyf Lady of Thomas Farley FoffteTf 

on the Study «>f Hiltory, '7S3>" 8vo.— 3. efq.jun. a daughter. 

** An Edition of the Works of Ben jonfon. Lady of Sir Thomas Hufley Apreace^ 

with Notes, 1756," 7 vols. 8vo. ; which he bart. a fon. 

had longfince revifed, and prepared for a new ^^ i. In Arlington-ilreet, the Lady •! 

edition (the MS. being now in the hands of John Morris, efq. M.P. for Calne, a fon. 

Mr. Walifron, the ingenious continuator of The Lady of Henry W. Yeoman, efq. of 

« The Sad Slwjpherd, 1 783."— 4. " A seimoo Whitby, two fons. 

preached at Sl Sepulchre's, Northampton, 3. At lier houfe in Privy-gardeos, Lady 

•n the Faft-day, February 17, 1758," 8vo.— Charlotte Lenox, a foo and heir. 

5. ** The Inftttution of Public Charities. A 4. At his feat at Swillington, near Leads, 
Seimon, preached at Chriil's Hofpital, Sep* the Lady of John Lowther, er<| adaughter. 
tember 21* 1763, before the Governors of 5. At Iter hwfe m Grofvenor-fquare, tho 
the feveial Royal Hofpiuls, T763,*' 4to.— Hon. Mrs Pttrie, a daughter. 

6. *' Sermon before the Sons of the Clergy, In Qjeen Anne-ilreet, the Lady of Sir 
at St. Paul's, May 17, 1770," 4to. — 1 he Tiioma:^ Rumhold, a daughter. 
voluminous coUedtioos of the late able anti- 6. In Portman-fquare, the Lady of Henry 
quary, John Bridges, efq. being, 17551 put G rant, efq. a daughter. 

into Mr. Whalley's liands on Mr. Buck* At hisfeat in Glnuceilerfhire, theLadyaC 

ler, of All Souls College, dechning the bufi- John Diihwood, efq- a fon aiid he^. 

sicfs, he was many years empkiyed in com- 10. Mrs. Kingfton, of Lower Grofvenor* 

piling the hidory of his native county, from fb'eet, a daughter. 

tliefe papers : and publifbed the firft vo* At his feat at BattleAJon-park, co. Bedford, 

luroe about 17^2, .tnd the hrd part of the the Lady of Sir G. P. 1 urner, a fon. 

fecood in 1769. The work, which remain- 1 1, At Lord Faoconberg's houfe in George* 

ed dormant fur feveral years, occafiooed at Ittttt, Hanover-fquare, the Lady of Bernard 

firfl by *' the laborious employment of fnper* Howard, efq a fon and heir, 

intending a Urge public grammar-fchool," i5.InQneen-fquare,the Ladyof J.Ware, 

and afterwards by an unfortunate turn in Mr. efq. a fon. 

VTs af&irs, originating, in a very imprudent 19. At Brighton, the Lady of Wm. Hallet^ 

matrimonial connexion, which involved this efq. of Farringdon-houfe, BiTks, a daughter, 

learned man and refpe^ble magiidrate in 10. At his Lordihip's feat at Belton, nejr 

the greaieiil diflrefs, was once more refnm- Grantham, Lady BrownloWt a fon. 

ed, when the conunittee for conducing it tj. At Carton, in Ireland, her Grace the 

were reduced to Sir Wm. Dolhen and the Duchefs of Leinflcr, a fou and heir. 

-late Sir Thomas Cave, and committed to the ax. At his ht)Ufein Mancl)eller-fquars,ths 

Rev. Mf . Nares, of Cbrift Churchi and is al Lady of Wm. Paw^oiii efq. a fon. 

MAaaiAGEff 



774 



JUarrhgiS if anfidiraUi Pirfim. 



[Auguft, 



Marri AG It. Ac Dublio, Arthur Moore, efq. barrifter at 

Tm^/^HARLES TIBBITS, efq. of law, totheyonogeftdaughterof the lace Geo. 



f 8. V^ Berry-hall, co. Notcingharo, to Mifs 
Wootlyeare, of Crook-hill, near Bainfley, 
CO. York. 

19. At Shillington, ca Bedford, Mr. Za* 
charias Johnfon, an eminent grazier, of Hol« 
beach, to Mifs Slator, of Holbeach*roarlh. 

John Foftert efq. of LeiceCler- grange, co. 
Warwick, to Mifs Charlotte Kerr, dai^hter 
of Dr. K. of Northampton. 

«i. By fpecial licence, at Providence, co. 
Carlow, in Ireland, Rev. Win. Hales, D. D. 
and late fellow of Trin. CoU. Dublin, to Mi(s 
Shitty, daughter of Rev. Archdeacon W. 

11. At Warplefdon, Surrey, Mr. James 
Mangles, to Mifs Mary Hughes, youogeft 
daughter of John H. efq. 

14.' Mr. Renj. Sands, to Mifs Mew, both- 
qI Nottingham. 

25. At Hook-Norton, Mr. Lucie, wine* 
fnerchant, of London^ to Mifs WilmoL 

a6. Mr. Wm. Lloyd, linen draper, to Mifs 
Mary Bradford, both of Brighthelmftone. 

a?. At Enfield, Mr. Coldwall, butcher, of 
Kewport-market, to Mifs Haofon. 

At Oakham, co. Rutland, Mr. Thurlwell, 
pf London, to Mils Vellum, of Oakham. 

18. Edward Rudge, efq. of Bath» to Mifs 
Koaille, only daughter of Peter N. efq. of 
Great Neis, in Kent. 

At Pan<;ras church, Rich. Chandler, efq. 
of Glouteiter, to Mi6 Evans, niece of John 
Gary 1 1 Worfley,efq. of Plait, near MaucHefter. 

At Woodbury, near Exeter, John Worth, 
«fq. of Worth, to Mifs Lee, only furviving 
daughter of the late Matt L- efq of Ebford. 

At Burton- upon-Trcnt, Mr. W. Worth- 
ingtan, to Mtfs Martha Evans. 

Mr. C. Stretton, to Mils Neale, both of 
I«icefler. 

At Chatham^ Mr. Wm. Berry, one of the 
clerks belim.'^ing to his Majcfly's Ordn.ince- 
othce at Plymouth, to ^n^s Nancy Br^wn, 
cmly dnughter of the late Mr. Edward 8. an 
eminent jo.n?r and clh;iiet«m.'\ker. it C'lwtham. 
. lames Scarlet, efq. -Co M ils Gallimure, dau. 
of Jiu-vis G. efq. of J>»maica. 

29 Mr. John Jackf(»n, faiiner, to Mifs 
Saruh Wnj^hr,(>f Swineiheat!| co. Lincoln. 

30 At the houfe of Sfcphen CotrertH.efq. 
in Gror\cn<;r-vI.»ce, ihs lion Richard Chct- 
wynd, elJclk foji k\{ \a td VUcount C to V.ifs 



Sconey, efq« of Greyforc, co.Tipperary. 

Rob. Rofs, efq. M. D. of Kilfioan, to Midi 
Hunt, dan. of Vere H. efq. of Fairftone, Irel. 

At St. Mary-la- Bonne, Mr. Siropfon, of 
Leicefter, to Mifs Coleman, of Orchard-ilr. 

At Salifbury, Rev. Mr. Cdtidge, niher of 
the Greek Grammar-fchool, aged 25, to 
Mrs. Wagg, aged 85. Mrs. W. has 50 or 
6c,oool. with a jointure of 3000L per ann: 

Mr. Frazier, gardener, of Wliit«ford, in 
Stokeclimifland, aged 35, to Mifs Morgant 
aged 12, daughter of Rev. Mr. M. of Eglof- 
kerry, near Launceilon. 

John Henniker,efq. of Portman-fquare, to 
Mifs Jones, dsugh.of the late Rob. J. efq. 

Mr. Charlefworth, to Mifs Pooley, both of 
Norwich. Immediately after the ceremony, 
in go'mg to Yarmouth in a one-borfe^haife, 
it was overturned, by which Mr. C's arm 
was broke in two places. 
. Amf, I. Mr. Rich. Wilfon, of the Theatres- 
royal Covent-garden and the Hay-market, to 
Mifs Lee Lewes, daugh. of Mr. L. comedian. 

At Walton, Sitwell Sitwell, eiq. fon of 
Francis S.. efq. of Renifhaw, co. Derby, to 
Mifs Alice Parke, fecond daughter of Tho. 
P. efq. of Highfield, near I^iverpooL 

At LuUingftoo, Clia. Milner, efq. of Pref- 
ton-houfe, in Kent, to Mifs Harriet Dyke, 
youngeft daughter of Sir John Dixon D. bart.. 
of LuUtngdon-caAle, in fame county. •# 

At Prefton, in Scotland, Mr. Wm. Wilkic, 
merchant, in Haddington, to Mifs Elizabeth 
M'Qiiecn, elded daughter of the Rev. Mr. 
Daniel M'Q^minifter of Prcfton. 

2* At Beighton, Mr. Dawfon, attorney, of 
Sheffield, to Mir»Marihall,of Waterthorpe. 
. 4 By fpecial licence. Lord Henry Fitzge- 
rald, fccnnd brother to the Duke of Lcinfler, 
to Mifs C« I!oyle, of Stratford-place, daughter 
of the late Hon. Rob. Boyle WaU'ingham. 

Mr. S. Pope, of Hampftead, to Mifs Anna- 
B|aria Lloyd, daugh' er of Ambrofe L. efq. 
of Ruthin, co. Denbigh. 
. Andrew Bafihco, efq. of Jermjii-flrcet, 
one of his Majelly *s metlanRers, to .N^ifs Hall, 
daughter t.f «Mr. H. near Noitinghnm. 

K< V. Mont4'^u liarton, of Souiton, co- So- 
mei'ict, to Mifs Caroline LouiCi Hayter, dau. 
of V\m. H. efq. of Newton Ttracy, Wilt-. 

5. Rev. Mr. Coxe, rci^or of Bockleif- 



Charlotte Ca;twir,h:, youngaft dauglitcri»C bwy, Hcrk*^, to Mifs Sufaii Smith, daughter 

lateTho.C. efq. of Avnho, co Nort!tamptuii. of.HoUcd S. efq, cf Nt>rmnntonhou{e, Lc»c. 

At Maryb-Dontitf church, Ceoj ?e Nc(bit 6. C.ipt Banits, of the Clarendon, to Mifs 

Thompfui, cfo to Mib. Hem-) Vaui.ttalt. Parry, late of Jamaica. 

31. Mr. Dai^cc, linen-draper, to Mir>C-^- Mr. i?enj. Hoilgfon, of Fenchurch-ftreet, 

thciiiic-Anne ly.i-. e<. both of Oxrord-Aiecit* to Mrs Wcnmun, itaiioJier, of Fleet ArtcL. 
. IJh'. Bli^Mr*', to M-fs Hill. Duk.mft>n> dau. r- Mr. James Kunter, to Mtfs Kebacca 

of Mr. 1 ho. D Of Noitlwrnjuon. Tho(U,>U>n, youtigeft daughter of Auilrcw !'• 



Ln/ry, at Phila*-. !|'ijia, Rev Dr.\ViiU«r- 
fp<v»n, prcOd' r.t of >c\v |c»le) ^*olle;'.e, to 
Mrs*. Anne V> !l, wido-.v of Dr. D. of York 
Ctnintyi in the ilaic of New Yoin. 



efi|. h.ii'kf I in Giafnow. 

At Niittingham, 'VJr. Geo. Green, to Mifs 
Btitier, d-utj; titer of Mr. B.of Leitcller. 

8- )t»hi) Kflfiill, efq. tifthe Inner icniple. 



Ai Kiuafton, in |.im:uc.i, A. .V!. Bc!i^;^no, to Vtfs Liiuetia Mt>uUi ie, fecond daughter 
efq. to Mifs Either JLitul', dau. of Alex. L. clq. oJ John M. efq. of Norton ftrecU 

At 



1791O Marriagis and Deaths if tmintnt Ptrfons. 



ns 



Ac Bath, Rev. Mr. Salmon, of Wookef^to 
Mils Lax, daugh. of Geo. L. efq. of Wells. 

9. Wm. PluKer, efq. M.P, fur Herts, to 
Mifs Jane Hamiitoo, daughter of the late H^n. 
and Rev. Dr. H. of Taplow, Bucks, and niece 
to the late Lord Aberconi. 

At Charlton houfe, in Kent, b/ fpecial 
licence, John Trefclyan, efq. clUcft fon of 
Sir John T. barl. to Mifs Maria Wilfon, 
third daughter, of Lieutenant-general Sir 
Thomas Spencer W. bart. 

10. At Kilbrev\\ co. Meath, Ireland, the 
feat of Hamilton Gorgei, efq. Edw. Coke, 
eiq. feci-etary at war, to Mifi» IfjbellaGurgtiS, 
elded daughter of Hamilton G. efq. 

At Kenfington, Rev. Giles Chippindall, to 
IVIifs £. Price. 

11. At Headley, Rev. J. Morgan, D.D.. 
reiSlor of tliac place, to Mils Duniford. 

Rich. Woodward, efq. of the Exchequer- 
office, to Mifs Role Williams, youngeft davtgh. 
of Mr. Tho. W. of Mary-la-Bonne flreet. 

Tho. Hamilton Elnngion, efq. capuia of 
X the Ptymoi)tli divifion of marines, to Mifs 
Crook. o( Marlborough. 

At Lincoln, Rev. Geo. Gordon, precentor 
of the cathedral church of Exeter, «to Mils 
Tomlinfon, of Lincoln. 

At Sandhurft, Mr. Benj. S.iJler, vine- 
merchant, and one of the iheriliBi of Glou- 
cefter, to Mifs Peyton. 

At Liverpool, James Hamcr, efq. of Ha- 
incr-hall, co. Lancafter, to Mifs Greenwood, 
daughter of John G. efq of Liverpool. 

Mr. Francis Lewis, eldeft fon of Walter L. 
efq. of DuKe flrcet, St. James's, meflcnger 
to the Prince of Wales, to Mifs Philadelphia 
Edward Peterkin, of Edgeware-r»ad. 

At Greenwic.t, Peter Pcgus, efq. of 
Croom's-hill, to Mifs Layard, eldeft daugh- 
ter of Dr. L. of Greenwich. 

At Pancraschurch, Mr. Warner, of Caven- 
difb-fqua. to Viifs Hazard, of Kcntifh-town. 

12. At Neviing'on-butis, Rev. Th) Alh, 
of St, George'K Hanover- fquare, to Mifs E. 
Wells, daughter of the Rev. Neville W. 

I }. Rohert-Tln>m.TS Crosfield, efq. M. D. 
•f Great Ruffell- (licet, to Mi£5 Su(aanah 
Wood, of Perth. 

14. Mr Edw. Robert?, wine-merchant, of 
Feocliurch-ftrcet, to Mifs Aime Younger, 
late of Mtddlcton, Leeds, co. Yqrk. 

At Ruthin, CO Denbigh, J.CaAipbell,lord 
of StoneMd, to Mif*> Lluyd, of Berth. 

Mr. Thomnfon, of Oxford ftrect, to Mifs 
Mitchel, of Dcan*s->a»d, Wcftminfter. 

15. At Eiun, near Wiudfor, Berks, Mr. 
Williams, to Mtfs Franklin. 

Thomns G>bbs, efq. of John-ftreet, Great 
rortl.uui-thcct, to Mi-s.Graciana Grant, wi- 
dow of Capt. G. of the Haiiibal man of war* 

if>. At Jerfey, Jofeph Halkins, ea'q. to 
Mifs Hayc'^n, of Honiu»n, Devon. 

17. At B.ittcrfea, Tho. Gr.ilum, efq. of 
Li*iCt«loV*iuii, to Mifs D.ivcup.irt, d.iujnter 
«f th- 'ate, ]M\n D. «fq. of Claph^ni. 

At W;ikf>iuia.h, CO. D.'iU), Mr. Georj*- 



Wdllaro Wright, of the Poukry, to MUi 
Cooper, of Wirk^'worth. 

18. At Wanfte.ul, ElFcx, Franch- William 
Green, tfq. of Wilfdon-green, to Mifs Hjon- 
let, of Hackney-wick-huufe. 

At Pancras church, James Webb, efq. of 
Wokingham, Beiks, to Mifs Ogbuum, of 
Guild^rd, CO. Surrey. 

At Norton- Conyers, co. York, Col. Gro- 
ville, of the guards, to Mifs Graham, fifterto 
Sir Hellingham G. bait. , 

At Edinburgh, Mr. Wm. Scott Moncriefl^ 
merchant in Glafgow, to .Mifs Eliz. Hogg. 

At Lancailer, Mr. Rogers, attorney, of 
LiverfHiol, to Mifs F.llen Barrow^ ad doii^bi. 
of Che late Dr. B. of Lancaller. 

20. Mr. J n. Stunt t, of Finch-la. Comhilly 
to Mifs Vantugen, of St. Paul*s Church-yard* 

as. Mr Docker, of Fiiifbury-ilr. Moor* 
fields, to Mifs Smith, of Leadenliall-ftreet. 

23. At Batterfea, Mr. Peter Davey, to 
Mifs Mills, of Lavender-hill. 

At Hatton, Rob. Baird, efq. of Newbyth» 
to Mi(s Hearfay Gavin, fecoud daughter of 
the lace David G. efq. of Longtown. 

24. At Aldborough, co. Suffolk, by fpecial 
licence, Hugh Barlow, efq. M.P. for the bo* 
ro-igh of Pembroke, to Mif:> Crefpigny, eldeft 
daughter af Philip Champion C. efq. 

De\thi. 
AUrcb A GED 55, after a long refidenoft 
15. ix<^'* ^^ Continent, particularlf 
at Rome and Naples, where his love of ar* 
chiteAure, roufick, painting, and antiquities 
found ample gratification, Charles Morris^ 
efq. He was an excellent fcholar, pofleffin|^ 
an imagination lively and vigourou^, and ex- 
ercifmg unwearied application in the purfuic 
of general literature, and of the fine arts.-« 
From his accurate knowledge of aotient 
Rome, of Italy, and Sicily, he 4>eru(ed, with 
a pecuhar pleafure, the claflical writers, 
many of whofe local defcriptions ht luid 
examined upon the f^HX. Hu» frequent and 
apt citations of them difplayed a memory 
uncommonly tenacious; and he was ever 
.ready to commumcate the refult of his ob- 
fervations and inquiries. To his proficiency 
in languages he liad joined the (ludy of tlia 
theory of mufick, and was an exquifite per- 
former on the harpfichord. The various at- 
tainments of his cultivated underilanding re- 
ceived additional luAre from his virtue, pro- 
bity, and honour. His fenfibility was ex- 
treme, and often led him to commiferate, too 
feelingly for his own repofe, the ills infcpa- 
rable from human life. Some plates, exhi- 
biting aniieut Candeiahra extant at KomOf 
ii e dedicated to him hy the celebrated Pira- 
ncfi ; and he is mentioned by Sir Wm. Ha- 
miiiim as havui;^ informed him that lie was 
al>ie to read by the Itglit of the immenfe co- 
I'jnin of fire thrown up by Vciuvius in the 
gi eat eruption which happened in the mght 
of lii^ 8lh <»f Auguft, 1779; at Wliich tune 
h; wafi at Sorrento, oa the bay of Naple<; — 

Mr, 



* ^^ 



^ 76 OUtuttrj ofvonJiiiraHi Perfins\ with BhgrapbleatjfmtAies. [ Aug, 



Mr. M. was bora in the panih of St. George 
Bmover-fquare, on the Sth of January, 1736; 
was educated at Eton^ aod entered at St. 
John's Coilege, Canibridge, being intended 
fnr the Chiuxh. He died at Rome, after a 
lingering illnci«, ^arly in the morning of the 
1 5th of March, and was buried in the even- 
ing of the i6tha in the ground adiacent (o tlie 
pframidal fepulchre of Caius Celsius, within 
roe ctty^wall, the place aligned for the in- 
tenxient of Proteftants ; twenty-four Eiiglifh 
gentlemen accompanying the body, inclofed 
in a coflUn covered with black doth, and 
holding lighted torches, while the funeral 
ceremoaf was perfornsed by the Rev. Mr. 
Wade, an Englilh clergyman, then at Rome. 
He has left a confiderablo legacy to Signor 
Antonio Cortefe, fecretary to (he Neapolitan 
embalTy at Rome, with whom he had lived in 
continual friendfhip for more than 1 5 yfears. 

Jam . . . Mr. Thomas Fcild, horfe-dealer, 
and maimer of the White Horfe livery-ftables 
in G ray V inn-lane. 

ro. At the free-fchool in Primrofe ftreet, 
Biihopfgate-ftreet, after a painful illnefs, 
Mrs. Sarah Ellis, wife of Mr. |ohn £. in her 
47th year, having been m^irried near 28 
years. To her neareft relations, Ikcr natural 
chearfulnefs and eafy mind, her great fidelity 
and tender afiiedlion, endeired her. ^he w^ 
an aflfe^onate parent, and adifcreet inilmc- 
tor to young and lender minds. Her conver- 
fadon gave a fweetnefs to the pleafures of 
life. Stridllf honeft and fmcere. Ihe was 
courteous and civil to all, and, took pleaCure 
in ferving evcrv one to the bell of her ability. 

13. At Soutli Carolina, Mr. Wro. Saunders, 
merchant^ of Briilol. 

July I. At his feat at Balenegare, co. Rof- 
common, Ireland, in his %id year, Charles 
O'Connor, efq He was a member of the 
Royal Irifh Academy, a ref^iefted antiquary, 
and author of many different works. Li> 
neally defcended from the lafl unfortunate 
native pnnce who ruled tliat ifland ; poffelT- 
cd of all thofe amiable and engaging qualities 
which could fecure friends, and of abilities 
which mud command pre-eminence, he was 
debarred of eveiy benefit which fuch quali- 
ties and circumstances could procure, by be- 
ing a Roman Catholick. His heart was llill 
better than his head. His integrity, through 
the coiu^e of a long life, was unim|)eached ; 
and his charities equalled his income. He 
polTeifed but a fmall ettate, the vail poftcf- 
fions of his family being lod by fuccelfive 
forfeitures to the Crown, in the two lall cen- 
turies, in aMifeqnencc of whrit was j^cn call- 
ed Rebellion, but which, in the prefcnt a^, 
would be deemed by all, Refi^lnnce to Op- 
prelfion. A ihui t time Iwfore his death, it is 
faid he enga;^ei) many of his relations and 
friends to emigrate to the United biates of 
Korth America, to fvek for freedom and in- 
dependence in the foreds of c*iac continent, 
rather than obtain either m their native 
country by means dilbotu>uiabl5, or by a de- 



(ertioa of their religious principles* He look« 
ed on Religion, let the mode be what it nrightf 
as the on\f means which coOld fecure the ha* 
man heart from corruption; and that the 
worft poAibte fyftero of Legiflation was that 
which could infliA penalties on the retention, 
or annex rewards to the defertion, of this 
principle. If he had a weaknefs, it was a 
iingularity of opinion, that the Engliih nation 
do not poflefs the virtues generally attributed 
to them as peculiarly chara^riftic, viz. ge- 
nerous courage, and love of univerdd liberty. 
He denied them the former, for. they were 
cniel after conqueft t and the latter, for he 
averted they would enflave where th^ could 
command. To many indhridoab, however, 
of this nation he was as partial as be was 
the contrary to the aggregate (but, abs ! what 
nation can, in the aggregate, equal its indivi- 
duals }) — with many he cultivated a very 
warm friendfhip 1 and the teitimonies l<ord 
Lyttelton and others bore to bis merits and 
his value muft be h>gl^T flattering to his 
poderity, in whatever climate or country 
they may fix their abode ; and fhoald they 
endeavour to imitate them, they will be 
higldy ufeful. He publiihed '* An Acoounc 
of the Nature and Conditfons of a Charter te 
be granted for the working and mamifaAui*- 
ing Mines and Minerals in Ireland ; together 
with fome general Heads relating to the Ad- 
vantages that muit neceflarily refult from that 
laudable EfbHhfhment. In 1 1..etter to the 
Right Hon. Thomas Lord Southwell. Lon- 
don, 1754 " <* Dilfertations on the Hiftory of 
Ireland, Dublin, 1766," 8vo. In the " Col- 
leAanea Hibernica," vol. HI. arc his " Re- 
flexions on the Hiftory of Ireland." Dr. 
Campbell ( Hiftorical Sketch of the Govem- 
ment of Ireland, in Mr. Cough's " Camden,'* 
III. 4^2*), calls him the ''fond advocate for 
the Pagan antiquities of Ireland." 

3. At the baths of Seltcrs, aged 75, Baron 
Vonder Horft, ond of the oldeft miniflers of 
ftate in the Pruiliai^ government. 

5. At Roche en Chouart, hi France, M. 
Alphonfe de Bourbon, who had boci > writ* 
ten and prat^ifcd fuccefsfully on opticks. He 
was defcended from John de Bourbon, grand 
butler of Fr.incc, one of the four great offi- 
cers in tlie houCehbld of tiie antient French 
kings, and who fignctl all the royal patents. 

6. 4t Lufuick, CO. Northampton, in his 
63d year, Mr. William Kafs; wlto, in the 
younger part of hib life, was hrOught-up in 
the fcaforing linoj afierw.nrds was many 
years ftrvant to Mr. Squire, a merchant of 
eminence at Thrapfton, whioh place he filled 
with great pundualiiy, but a few years be- 
fore his de.ith i etii'cd from all bufmcfs. 

7. At Valencia, agtfd 1 1 1 yeai's, i months, 
and 8 days, Pafchal Scri.i. 

11. At Rome, of a violent colick, aged 
61 years and ciglit month';, Cardinal X5rc- 
gory, of the creation of 17S5. 

12. MaliMmel B.ifh-', IVy of Algiers. In 

half 'aa hour after bis death, liis luccdfor, 
y HaJTae 



t^9i'1 Ohttuatyf cohJi€terdlU Pit fans \ with Biogr apical AntcdoUs. 7J7 

ffafHin Ba(ha) was proclaimed Dey, without in England. He was bom Nov. 4, 1749 ; 

aojr tumult. fucceeded his father, Oct. 13, 1775; mar- 

15. At Hamburgh, agctl 60, M. Dau£ifcr> ried, Jtdy 3, i774> Letitia Trevor, daughter 

the Dutch fecretary uf legatiun there. of Harvey Lord Vifcount 'Mountmorres,'re- 

18. Aged 21, Mifs Howroan, dailghter oJf 1161 of the Hon. Arthur Trevor, (on of Ar- 
Kcv. Mr. Hi of Gifling, near Difs, Norfolk. Ihor Lord Vifcount Dungannort: by wUonl 

19. At Stapenttill, of a confumptiim, )n he has left ilTue Anne-Catherine and Letitia- 
her loth year, Mifs Sophia Lloyd, yoUngeft Mary, both bom Aug. 1 1, 1778, on whoni 
daugliteroftheRev. Owen L. the earldom and vifcounty are entailed by 

£1. At Manuden, Eflex, inher Siftyear, piteut. May *2, 1785. His Lordihip waf 

Mrs. Saraii Wefhvood. created a Marquis in Auguft 1 789; 

22. At Batchelor's.lodge, co- Meath, Ire- At Shraule, near Carlow, in the Queen's 
lind, Hamilton Wade, efq. formerly a major citunty, Ireland, Rob. Hnrtpo*e, efq. brother- 
in the army. in-law to the Earl of Aldbonmgh. 

23. Aged 69, Mrs. Hardwick, of Ktarket At his caftle of Hardenbroeck, aged 70^ 
Imping, CO. Lincoln. She has left 53 cliiU Baron de Hardenbroeck, iirlt lieutenant-go- 
diren and granU-chiluren. * neral of infiantry in the fervice of Holland* 

At Copenhagen, aged 29, Capt. Weft, and governor of Bergen •op-2^m, and the 

lately iippo uted (iecretary of legation to the ibrts belonging thereto. 

Court of Drcfuen. 29. At his houfe in Thurles, in his 49th 

24- At Chatham, after a long illneik, Mr. year, the Moil Rev. Dr. James Butler, titular 

1^'m. Blenkinfop, fen. upholder, &c. there. Aixlibilhop of Calhel ; to which fee he was 

At Hull, Mr^ John Jackfon, joiner and promoted in 1774 — ^^® name of Butler lias 

cabiiiet-maker, fon-in-law of the Rev. James always been emmeotiy diflinguiOied in th9 

Codmond, of Antiin. annals of Irilh hi dory ; and it was accompa- 

95. At his houfe in Rutland-fquare, Dub* nied with refpe<ftable merit in this good man» 

lin. 111 his 79th year, Rev. R. Hancock, dean whom his family, diocefe, and tfcry numerous 

of Achonry. friends now juflly lament. 

26. At Hayesi co* Middlefex, Thomas At Thoropfon*s hotel, Exeter, Robert 
Hawes, efq. H:irvey, efq. late of the illand of Grenada.—* 

27. At his hoefe on Stepney-caufeway, in He podelTed eflates in the Well Indies to the 
his 77th year, Mr. In. Matthews, plumber. amount of 8000I. a-year, which he has be- 

At his houfe in Ark-lane, aged 64, £d%v. querithod to his nephew. To his other reU* 

K^orant, efq. On his return from tile worth, tions in Scotland he has left ample legacies, 

on Saturday evening, the i6th inftant, pafling At Breda, aged 68, Rear-admiral Quirya 

tlirougli Kenfington, -his young iiorfes took Dabenis, of the Dutch navy, 

fright at Kenfington - gore. Mr- M. was 30. In her chair, in the fclwol-room, Mrs* 

thrown out, and carried home in a (lat« of Birdfley, fchool-miflrefs, of HdntVcourt, 

flupor and infenfibility. The wounds, prin- Whitecrofs-flreet. She expired fo unexi>e6l« 

cipally on his f.ice,^ were deemed of no dan- edly, that Ihe was for a cuniiderable time 

grr, : nd he returned cards of thanks to his fuppofcd by the children to have been afleep. 

enquiring h lends on the Friday following:— « At Maidflone, in his 67th. year, John 

hut on the 23d it was found, too late, that his Brencliley, efq. one of the jurats and fenior 

meihcnl friends had been roidaken in thtir jullices of that corporation, 

opinion of his difordcr. His only fon, Edw. At Uffington, near Sc.imfnrd, aged 75^ 

M. efq. of Pylewell, near Lymington, was Mrs. Mary Barker, a maiden lady. 

eledled M.P. for Hindon, in Wilts, in the At Donington, Co. Lincoln, aged 67, Mrs, 

parliament of 17 61, and married Mifs God* Terrington, a widow lady, 

dard, April 22, 176a. (See vol. XXXI L p. At Gainfborough, aged 38, Mr. Jervas 

i94.)«— The late Mr. Morant was proprietor Holmes, furgeon; a gentleman not more ef* 

of many eilates in tlie ifland of Jamaica, teemed in his profeihunal line than beloved 

which have been long in the family, and as a real friend. 

from whence various parts of tliat iOand take Mrs.Crufo, wifeof Mr. C. upholder, Lynn, 

the family-name} fuch as Morant River, In Derbyfhtre^ in his 43d year, Sir Wil* 

^oint, and Eay. liam Fitzherbert, of TilTingtonhall, in thaC 

28. At Gilllon, Herts, Rev. Wm. Gibfon, county, hart, one of his Majelly's jufticcs of 
re^or of St. Magnus, London-biidge, of Gil- the peace fort) le faid county, and recordeC 
iloo, aodof Wickham-Biihop's, Eliex, 1779. of the borough uf Derby \ in Avhich oftice ho 

At Linton, near Rof««, in Scotland^ Rev. is fucceeded by John Balguy, efq. of Dufficld. 

Dr. Bofwell, minlfter of that pariih. He was the eldeft brother of Lord St. He- 

At Antrim - lioafe, in Metrion-fqtiare, lens, ambafladvr at Madrid, and married a 

liublin, the Mofl Noble Randall- William daughter mi Baron Perryn.— When we look 

M'DonneU, Marquis, Earl, and Baron An- carefully into this moral world, from whence 

trim, Vifcount Dunluce, one of his Majefly's this amiable, worthy man has juft with- 

vooft honourable privy council, governor of drawn, and furvey its prefent (late and con- 

the county of Antrim, kniglft of ihe Bath, a dkioni when we difcover the flrange pau- 

Wapet, and gfand mailer of AntieotMafoni city of good chAra^ers, aad the multiplicity 

OmT. Mao. Agiji, l^^u el 

12 



^78 OYttuaryofcoufidtralU Perfons ; with Bhgraphical Anecd9tts. [ Aug* 

of fuch AS afe bat), and below mediocrityi the very marsin of tliat << awful bourne from 

that walk about llwircin ; nothing but our whence no traveller return^" 
ibrro V for what we lofe could equal the aJ- The occafion of Sir WiHiam's retiring front 

miration we pay to the'deceafeU Baronet, the fervice of the King, or rather the Court, 

With wlut increafe of affe^^ion, with what it is foiil was a miftindei (landing between hini 

ineffable tranfport, we prefs to our bofoms and the Lord Chambeilain. He beg^n his 

that chara^er whofe privaiion we can never fervjces at St. James's as a gentteraan ulhtr 

fufKcicntly lament ! And as we dcfcry how to his Majefly ; in which fituation he conti- 

little annates the prefent generation, fave nued, enjoying the peculiar favour and good 

ambition and noiifenfe, and that all human opinion of his Uoynl Mafler till he had attained 

purfuiu (e3k nothing but for felfintcreft, , the feuiority to which it has been the cudom 

fraud, peculation, and proftitution ; what a to annex tb^ dignity of a baronet. 'The Kinjf 

bright, charming gleam of /uperiority gently confei red this hor^our on him ; and he retired 

and nobly fpreads itfelf over the dear me- to his patrimonial ellate in Derbyibirei com- 

inory of this matchlefs man ! Peace to his ing to towa only thofe months he was ia 

fliade !— Of hb talents, or the .'^cumen of his waiiitig by the orderiy courfe of duty. Upoa 

tvity it is quite unnecefiQiry to declaim. They a particnlar occafion of fome ceremonial aC 

Hand not in need of the blazonry of any bio- St. James's, it was necelTary for a gentleman 

grapher ; ;uid as to his literary merit, his u(her extraordinary to attend at Court ; and 

** Book of Maxims," which bears record of h s the Man juis oi SaUibury , in quality and right 

ki'*owledge of the human mind, and his other of his office, ordered the Baronet to town, 

-writings, bear fuflScient tedimony. Such who pleaded in vain the diftance he was 

were his honour and integrity, that it would from London, indifpofition, inconvenience, 

be difficult for the moralilt to prove whether and the expencc of the journey for one day's 

they were innate or adfcititious. If a fteady attendance. At the fame time, he did, that 

and watchful attention to the wants and in- another gentleman ulber, at the Chamber- 

terefts of liis fellow-creatures in general, or hin*s order, could not fail to do the duty in 

of his cotmtrymen in particular ; if his loj'- his room. The Marquis direded a fecond 

alty to the King, his attacliment to tlie Eng- order to be fen: to Sir William, commantlins 

lim Conilitutton, and the laws by which it his attendaiKe or his refignation. The Baro* 

has been fb long and So happily fupported ; net immediately took a ix)(lchai(e, reached 

if thefe be valuable qualities in an honefl ci- the palace in time to perform his duty,^and 

tizen, then Society lias t6 regret the irre- immediately gave -in his refignation. 
parable lois of fuch a friend. Like the im- 31. In his 80th year, Mr. Robert Aflett^ 

mortal Howard, and the philanthropic Day, late fecretary to the Lead ComfMoy. 
he, inftead of purfuing the pailis of pleafure, After a long and very afflidting illnrfs, Mrs. 

iMid thofe that lead to wealth, and the fmiiion Latuffiere, wife of Mr. Lewis L. of Derby, 
of this world, purfoed, from the molt bene- Mr. Andrews, mailer of the Crown punch- 

ikent motives, thofe that lead to the grave.* houfe in Staticmcrs'- court, Ludga^-flrret. 
He was a nigg.ird of that exercii'e th.u might At Coilon, in irelandv Mils Mary-Anne 

have fecurcd his life. His views were folely Be-iufort, daughter of th« Rev. Dr. B. 
directed for the benefit of others ; he forgot At Paiay, in France, about the latter end 

his own. To find out objedls for the cxcr- of tliis month (July), M. Fromantel; who 

cife of, his henevobnC heart was hisfnlc de- had given many prooft of a very fertile me- 

light. His love of mankind, and his ch.ni ity, chanical genius, and had formed elliptic com* 

were unbounded. Wliilft hi* mind was in- palfes on an excellent conftiii^ion. He was 

teat upon the police of his country^ and his defcended from M. Fromantel, a Dutchman, 

country's reformation, he dird moil fmcerely diflingoifhed as being the maker of the firft 

lamented; and he may be faid to have died for pendulum c'ock ever ufcd in England, 
the (;\ke of others, as he deflroycd his hcalrfi L iiely, on his paflagt from Grenada, John 

by forming plant for the fupport and hjppi- Caftie?, cfq. late of Baker- fir. Portman-fq. 
«efs of thofe who wanted both. A foe to tl^ At Copcnliagen, aged 84, General Count 

^, faftidioufnefs of modern life, he retired from d'Ahkfeldt. 
the great theatre of fafh'on.iHIc vices, though At Cape Coaft cadle, Mr. Geo. L. Lttf.\» 

formed, by a refined education, anfl |>ecoIinr dou, of the Royal African Company'sfervice. 
natural abilities, to aJom tl)e moil brilh.tnt At i.ork, Francis duleton.efq. one of tlie 

circles, ip which he liad always been brought aldermen of that city, and father of Lord 

up, and excliaoged the coil and iiilenels of the Chief, inftice Carleton. 
great world for the privacy and trauqv»ility of At M )unt R uby, near MalloW| in Ireland^ 

a rural life; Where, ftw elegance, purity, and Rtiby M'Carthy, efq. 
fuavity of manner*:, lie lived ai'.d thcd admir- At Cork, .Mr. Rich. Daunt, attorney, 
cd, and for true aflfability and di;,iiity of life At Derby, Mrs. Cooper, relidl of Wm. C* 

and charaflcr revered,, .is well as a ^right efq colleftorof excife. 
exemplar of all the milder and more focial Mrs. Hutch'iafon, wife of Mr. H. apotfat« 

virtues. £<^}animity, ferenity, and a refigna- cary, of Lynn 

tion to the Divine VVill, appeared xw his fea-> Aged boo, the widow Blake, of Stratford 

trnies, aod pervaded his whole demtaaor^ to- under tlie C4iUe^ iMtr Salifburyi 

Ago* 



7 9 1 • T Obituary ofcotifideraHi Fir/ons ; wtth Biographical Anecdotes. 779 



Aged 91, ^ft^s. Empfon, of Barton tipori'* 
Huniber, co. Lincoln. She retaincil Iter fil- 
Cuhies till within a few days of her death. 

AC R ohertfbridgc, SuflfeX) aged 89* VVm. 
Baker, a cordwainerj who bad worked 75 
years at his hufinefs. 

At Swaldiffo, co-'Oxfiwrd, Mrs. Wykham, 



wife of W. R. W. eft|. Slie was a peifon in tired from hufinefs. 



At Kenti(h-town, Mrs. Cooper, wife of 
Mr. C. priitter, in Bow-'lrcet, And inventor 
of a fpecies of primers'- ink of peculiar^ ex- 
cellence. 

jlufr, t. At Chatham, after a long tUneis» 
aged 64, Mr. John Caiencu\fc, many years a 
wine and branly-merchant there, but bad rc- 



urhom >vere united all the amiable qualities 
of the woman, the endearing ones of the 
li'ife, the tender ones of the pareut, and the 
catceUcnt ones of the Chriftian. 

At Maidflonci Kent, Mr. Daniel Stuart, 
hop-'inerchant. 

Ac Ltch(ield, Mr. Storer, bnilderi and one 
of tlie aldermen of that city. 

At Peplow, CO. Worcefter, aged 81, Cha. 



AtFromc, co. Somerfet, fames Wickhani, 
efq. an eminent attorney. 

At Scati>orougli, aged 72, Rev. George 
Dodfworth. 

At Norw ich, in his 60th year, Mr. Chrift- 
mas Chadley. 

Afcer a long and gainful illntffs, which ho 
bore without a murmur, and dofed a lonj^ 
and virtuous life in his 74th year, Humphry 



Pig«>t, cfi- nuny years one of the elder bre- Sandford, efq. of the Ifle, co. Salop. He 

thien of the Trinity-houfe. inherited from his father, half a century ago. 

At Colcheder, Rev. Wm. Talman, re6lor one of the compadteft e(latos, and one of tike 

of Birch Magna, near that place, in the pa- rood beautiful f|iots, in this kingtlom, being 

tronage of the Bilhop of London, who pre- very nearly furrounded by tlie river Severti. 

fented him in 1777. He aildcd confiderably to the value of it, by 

At his apartments in Worcefter, of a para- pnrcliafing the tithes, and by draining one of 

lyt.c Ibioke, Mr. J. Miller, comedian, many the largeil pieces of watei; in the county. 



years manager of the theatre of chat city, and 
tliofe of Shrcwfbury and VVolvcrliampton. 

Drop; . d do«% n dead as he was coming 
iroiw Highgattf to Kentifh-town, Mr. John 
Seymour; a perfon well known to the prin- 
cipal bookfellers and literary charadtcrs in 
thif metropolis. By uncommon alliduity he 
had acquired a knowle^'ge o** various Ian* 



He is fucceetied in his ellate by his eldeil 
furviving fon, Mr. FoUeot Sflidfurd. He 
has left five daughters, and a fecond foa» 
Capt. Edward Sondfoid, who lias been tz, 
years m the Eaft India Company's fei vice in 
Bengal, and now commands a battalion of 
Sepoys on iJiat eftabiifhment, where Mr. 
Sand ford had alfo four nephew.*:, two of 



glomes, and might have been highly ufeful whom arj rctnrneii to England, Maior John 
bad he been properly patronized ; but, wlie- Scott, M.P. for Stockbridge, and Capt. jona- 
Ih^r through the eccentricity of lii'j character^ than Scott, of Nettlcy Cottage, in that co;m* 



increaied by die failure of the chief pl.tiis on 
which he founded his hopes (after having 
been Literary Companion Xu an Honoura}>le 
Senator), he was unfuccefstui i\ mi>it of 
hispurfuits; with a hauteur of di())or)tion, 
atifing from the confcioufnefs of his iiipci io- 
hty in knowledge, he exifted amid fuch de- 
fireffions as would liave overwheli-ned moft 



ty ; the thin), Capt. Richard Scott, ivlio lias 
been 2 ; years in India, didinguilhed himfalf 
ia the bil uar in the Carnatic, where he 
commanded the lOth battalion of Bengal Se- 
poys, under Sir Eyre Coote, and is now ac 
tl^ hc-:ul of th<; fame corps under EaxX Coro« 
wallis J tlie fouith, Lieut. Henry Scott, is 
fort-a<ljuranr of I 'J ginifunof Chnnar. A 



minds; and perliaps he often expenenctrd as veiy reinaik/thle ana uncommon iiUiance of 
greac hardlhips as Otway, Savage, Cliatter- five perfons oi one family furviving fo many 



ton, lee. He was the auih r of a coMe<^^ion 
of poems, coofii^ing of Spring, &c. publiihed 
about two years (ince, and dedicated, by per* 
Viitiion, to lier Grace the Duchefs of DevuU' 
Ihirc. He likcwife tranflated "TheCorrc- 
fpoiulence of Two Lovers, Inhabitants of 
Lyons,*' publifbed about the fame time : and 
lately has been engaged in procuring mate- 
nab for a general huiory of the polite arcifts 
in Uiis country, which bade fair to meet with 
general acceptance* He had likewife juft 
completed the printing of a volume from the 
French, intituled **Pfycologyi" which would 
prove exceedingly ufeful lor fdiouls.— The 
writer of this article cannot coiKluiie with- 
out wilhing that thofe cbaradlen» uho have 



years mditary Icrvicc in the Torrid zone. 1 o 
thole m.«y I>e added a fjxih, L«eut. Tonatluii 
Scott, ihfj brotlier of Mr. -c<»tt« of Betuna 
who i^ uf ttic \.\ir\fi family. — rMr. Sandfunl 
was high (henft of that county in 1787, wlien 
in the 7 th ysar of his age. 

2. In ilie King's Mc^s, aged 82, Mr. Gen. 
Sliaw, ferjeant-farrier to his Majcfly. 

At L^chlade, co. (>lm>c«Otir, after a long 
and painful ilincf;;, Mr. Myers, f'ui p.eon. 

At Kamburr:'!, alter a few days ilhiefs, in 
her 69th y<^.ir, l».-r Screiie Hi?,lmttis the bu- 
chefs-dowager ru Mecklenboiu'g Schwcrin. 

At Valenciennes, folm nvron,efq. el.lcfk 
fon of tlie late ti »n. Admiral 0. burn l-Vht 7, 
i75^». He married l^y Coui&ii>« after lirr 



often experienced the v.ilue of his labours divtirca from ihc prcfcut D of l*ce»l.s 1779. 
h«ul exerted their influence in alfiltiug him 3* At Hunrin^don, in conCcquciKc of h:tv- 
wlio fo eflen a0ifted them. ing been overiiirnt'd th? pre:c*iuig evening 

On tlie terrace, in Oreen-dreet, KentUh* intlie York u\ i.l coacli, by thi- hor.'o. uikui; 
towfif Mv. Crodci formerly a couafeUor^ • flight ai an .as, Mr. |uUn Yowcl*, jun. an 

emli'kouft 



^Bo Obituarj 9/ conjtderalk Ptrfonsi with Biographical AnecioUs. [ A^g. 

eminent (bttoner inLea(1enhall-(lreet.T-Mr. At Hackney, Mrs. Mary Chitty. 

V. bad imprudently, at the preceding ftage, At Milton» near bhipton, en. Oxford, in 

given a glafs of wine to the coachman, in or- his 75th year, Mr. John MaUhews, one of 

der to induce him to ufe difpacch. It ir re- the people called (^kers i a man who, 

markablethat this driver was at the time under though he did not enjoy the advantages of a 
profecution for alfaulting one of his pa(Ten- • liberal education, podefitd a liberal mind, 

gers, and that the perfon who drove for him and held the dictates of confcience, and thip 

fmce the accident had his thigh broken by approbation of his Maker, fuperior to every 

driving againd a waggon- at the Crown inn other cbnfideration. Imprefled with th«s ex« 

at Roy (Ion, which pulled the fore-wheeb and cellence and benefits of Chriilianity, the ne- 

carriage from the perch, and entangled him ceffity of holinefs, and the infofliciency of 

^imong the traces. Mr.V was brought home faith, his aife^ionate and ardent folicitud« 

on the 5th. His only fon died Dec. 24, 1790, for extending its genuine influence, and pro- 

aod his daughter the 7th of the fame month, rooting the beft intereAs of his felkiwjcre.v- 

both in th« prime of lifu. See p. 657, and vol. tures, will long be remembered with lionour 

LX. pp. ir5i, ii54.^His father furvives, to himfelf, and advantage to others. He en- 

upwards of 80 years old. joyed life's peaceful evening with a fmile,and 

In her 68th year, Mrs/ Way, many years met the hour of his departure with that fted- 

Ixmfekeeper to the South-fea Company. fad hope and pbcid refignation wliich fo emi- 

Mr. John A. Bland, of St. James's dreet, nently didinguiibes a true Chriltian. He has 

iword*cntler to his Majefty. left behind him a numerous offspring ; anKxig 

At her houfe in George-ftreet, Hanover* whom the ingenious nnd refpe£labie Secretary 

fquare, in her 59th year, Mrs. ChrilUbella oftheRathAgricultural Society ranks as eldeft. 

Dayrolles, reli^ of the late Solomon D. efq. In liis 85th year, univerfally lamented, 

the intimate friend and coircfpondent of the Prince John- Frederick -Alexander, reigning 

famous Earl of Chefterfieldj in whofe ** Mif- prince of Wied, &c. dire^or of the College of 

cellaneous Works'* are many letters to Mrs. D. Counts of Lower Saxony and Weflphalix 

At Rookby*park,ncar Greubndge,inthe In her 74th year, Mrs. Elis. Ilogeis, wi« 

£aft riding of York(hii-e, which he purchaf- dow, of Bury St. Edmund's, 

ed of the executors of the late Sir Thomas In his. 65th year, Wm. Predon, efq. of 

Robiofon, Saury Momt,efq. in his 57th year. Moieby, in the commiflion of the peace for 

He is fucceeded by his fon Chriftopher. the £a^ riding of Yorkfhire, and treafurer 

4. At WotWford-bridge, Lilex, Jacob Ri- of the Lunatic Afylum at York. 

gail, efq. of Bath, Ruliia merchant. In J«rmyn-ftreet, Robert Wadtlel, efq. of 

At his apartments in that town. Sir John Crawhil^ near Linlithgow, in Scotland. 

Good, one of the poor knights of Windfor ; 8. Aged 77, Mr. Rob. Brown, m.-my years 

in which he is fucceeiied by Mr. (no|v Sir clerk of the Tylers and Biicklayers Company* 

Jolin) Smith, a trcafury mcflcngcr. The Mr. B. wasof theclafs of men called ktdnitu 

value of this place is about 1 50L per annum. His drefs was fingular — nifty black, with a 

5. Aged 16, Mifs Anne Dyer, daughter of hat in the old clerical ftyle, and a black wig, 
Mr. D. coaUmerchaut, near Temple-bar. Some fuppofed he wa^ a coal-merchant ; and 

Suddenly, .nt the Bull-inn in Bifhopfgate- a late bi(hup of London, feeing him on the 

Areet, ou his return home from Margate, fteps of St. Paul's church, imagined he was a 

where he had been for the i^ecovery of his diftrelteil clergyman, and humanely defired 

health, Mr. Thoroughgoi\l, fen. an eminent one of the vergers to make enquiry into his 

maliAer at Broxbourn, Herts. fituation. Mr. B. had been a fchobr in his 

6. Aged 33, Mrs. Wcfton, wife of John youth; and, about thirty years ago, ,wrote 
Webbc W. efq. of Suiton-phce, Surrey. She fome |>eriuilical papers in altocintion with 
was niece to the late Sir John Law fon, of Kelly. He prided himfclf mol\ in his btter 
Brough, CO. York, and fii ft coufai to the days on his kn«wleiige of heraldry, and the 
prefen^ Baronet of that name. connexions and dependencies of all noble £t- 

In Scotland, in his 65th year. Rev. Mcrvyn milies. A very 6nc mezzotinto print of him 

Archdall, M.A. a member of the Royal lri(U was done many years ago, which, from the 

Academy, author of the " Monafticon Hibcr- fmguUriiy of the di'a\>ery, might pafs for the 

nicum," 1786,4X0. (of which fee vol. LVL [)ortrait of an antient German Reformer, 

p. 97}), and editor of the new edition of How he came by the name of Fo^y (except it 

l.odge's Peerage, 17901 in 7 vols. Svo. (fee arofe from the fignature he nfed to Lis papers) 

vol. LX. p. 142 )• is not known, but he lived and died uiih il. 

Aged upwards of 60, Rev. Mr. Muflbn, ' Aged 67, Mr. George Burley, farmer and 

re£loi- of Baginton, near Cuvenit y. brickmaker, of Lamptun, near Hounflow. 

7. Siiildenly, ai.his huufe in Sloane-ftreet, 9. At his houfe at Qiay-hill, £ofield, 
B. Jennings, efq. hufband of the Dowager- aged 79, after a lingering illnefs, occafioned 
jady Dudley and Ward. A paralytic flroke by a paralytic flroke, Mr. Thomas Wef^on, 
iiu(l confined him to his houfe about three formerly an eminent fnuff-merchai^t in Cole- 
weeks, and a fecund attack of the diforder man-Ilreet, one of tlie people called C^iakers, 
paiTied him off. He was not only the man father of Mrs. Wright, of Norwich, who died 
o(bunociS| but a gentleman of exemplary piety, i^i May la(l| andbroU^crof Mr. W, wine- 

CPOfMT^ 



X791,] Ohituary of (ffijidera^h Ptrf§n$\ with Bhgraphhal Anndotis. y8| 

cooper, who UieJ 17S3. On the izth in- logue^ that a man belonging to a reqniitin;« 

ilanty his remains were interr^il in the bur/- parry in Biiaiingham has likewife died, ia 

ing-p:roanil at Winchtnore-hill, near thofe of confequence of the injuries he at that xitam 

his %vife, who died June ?> i7Sr, in her received. 



7cih year; Mr. Jacob Bell fpeaking a fhort 
time at his grave< 

At Dawnead, co. Oloucefter, near Brlilol, 
in his 54ih year, Rcr. Caleb Ev3n.s D. l>. 
fiiAny years prcfident of th3 Baptdt Aca- 
demy, and paftor of the congregaiion of Pro- 
teHaiit DilTencers in Broad-aiead, in that city. 
Thoagh he langui(hed tinder a very fevere in- 
difpofition fur upwards of two months, his 
<le;«th roav he pronounced fiidden and unex- 
pected. His friends be^an to flatter them- 
selves with the hopes of his recovery, witen, 
on the 7th inilant, in the afternoon, a lee Hid 
paralytic feizure fuddenly leiiUcred hin^ 
fpeechlefsaod infenfible; in which flate he 
continued till lie expireil.— How pleafmgly 
thoie qualities which recommend and enUear 
Che halband, the parent, the Cliriftian, the 
tutor, and the minifter, were combined in 
him, th4»fe alone can tell who had the hapr 
ptncfs of being connei^ed with him in tliofe 
capacities. He poifeired an ciilargeil ^UiX h- 
beral. a benevolent and pious mind : and 
while tliofe individuals and communitici 
with whom he was more particularly con- 
iie^eil venei'ate his memory, and moui n for 



Mifs Rohlnfon. While walking in th* 
fields adjoining ^nf;;-baDk| in Leeds, (he 
was fuddenly feized with m\ apople^c fit, 
and died immediately. 

r 3. Mrs. Pai tridge, hatter and hofier, m 
TaviAock-ftreet. 

At his lodgings in York, the Rer. Joha 
Skelton, late of Brigg, > icar of GoxhiU and 
Thornton-cum-Curtis, all co. Lincoln, and 
curate of Stockton, near York. 

14. At his houfe in Lincoln V ion-field^ 
John Exley, efq. folicitor. 

Ill his 78th year, Samuel Dalh, efq. of 
Shephcrd's-hill, Sullex. His fortune, whicti- 
was ?mple, he has left, except Tome few le« 
•gacies, to his nephew, Wanley Sawbridge, 
eiq. and to that gentleman's father, Mr. A^ 
derman Sawbridge. * . 

At Krompton, near Chatham, aged 48* 
Mifs Howe, filler to Capt. H. of the ma- 
rines, and niece to Philip Stephens, ^q. Te* 
cretary to the Admiralty. 

15. At his houfe at Rnfleld, of a violent 
fever, aged 6 1 , Bsnj- l^odJingtoii, efq. an emi- 
nent Wefl India merchant, a director of the 
South-fea Company and of the Million Bank ; 



his death, the fympaihyof fcKiety, wherever trcafurer and a governor of ihe City of Loa- 



he was Known, will be exciteil. -^ml his re< 
move will be cuoTuIered as a public lolis. Hb 
publications were p: incipally occafional fer- 
mons, which are enumerated, from (771 to 
1780, in Cooke's " Hirtoric;a RcgiAcr." 

fo. At Fulham, Mr?. D. Wright, eldeft 
daughter of tlie late Sir Martin W. 



doa Lying- in>}u)fpital, City-road ; a gover- 
nbr of Che Srnali-pox-hofpicals, and of almoft 
every other charitable inftitution. He was 
the eldeft furviving fun of B. B. efq. who 
died Sept. S, i^'yg; and married, to his firft 
wife, Sarah daughter of Mr. Samuel Ricliards, 
merchant of l^ndon, wlmdied Jan. -^o, 1774, 



At his feat at Dean's-couit, Wimhorne, by uhom he had illue two foiis, Benjamin 



^igOil 28, Sir William-Thomas Hanliam, bart. 
The title ami ellate devolve to hi*i uncle, tlie 
Rev. fames H. of the Clofe, S;tliibai7,r6dlor 
of Wintcrbom Zelfton, Dorfet. 

II. At Finchley, John Singleton, efq. 

At Leiceiler, after a Ion; and afflisfting ill- 
ncfs, Mrs. Lewin, wifeof Mr. L. macc-b^arcr. 



and Samuel, of whom Benjamin died in 17709 
to his fecoiid, Amelia daughter of Mr. Hat- 
field, of Manclieder, who died m 1776, and 
by whom he had two Ions, John, who died 
in 1778, and Thomas, furviving, and one 
daughter, Mary, who di9d in 1776; and to 
his third, Se|)t. 6, 1780, Mifs Fetrie, eldeft 



In Leicefter-fquare, James Stuart Tulke, daughter of Mr. P. mercliaut, by whom he 



efq ; who, though poiTelTed of an eAate of 
5000I. a year, lived with the mod avaricious 
CBConomy to the la.l. Notwithdanding the 
extenc of the rent of Leicelter-fquare, Caf- 
tle-ltreet, Gieen-Areet, &c. which he pof- 
ieH«d at the time (»f his death, his imaghia- 
tiou was alarmed firom day to day with the 
dread of want. 

Mr. Lane, grocer, in BaU-flreet, Birming- 
ham. He fell a facritice to the excetlwe fa- 
tigue he underwent during the late riots in 
tliat town. 



liad no ilfue. — His remains were depofited 
with thofe of his relatives abovemetitiooed 
in the family vault in Enfield church on the 
a 4th.— His extenfive fortune was not more 
difplayed in the fpleiiJour of his liofpi- 
tality than in tlie largenefs of his beneficence. 
Oillrefs found no occiQon to repeat, a fecond 
time, its fad tale at his door ; and fcarcely 
any of our numerous iiiftitutions for the re- 
lief of human aSlidiun piefeiited their claims 
to fociety, but they found in him a liberal 
fupport. His manners were untainted Yfj 



la. Much lamented, Mr. Tho. Afhwin, pride, and his temper unruffled by afpcrity. 



japanner.of Paradife-row> Birmingham. The 
death of this gcmleman(whoha$ left an ami- 
able wife and nine young children to deplore 
his lofs) was occafioned by a wound he re- 
ceived on tlie head from one of the rioters, 
during the unhappy diflurbances at that place. 
A<^ we have to add t^ tbis meUochoiy cata* 



He bore, for many years, a feries of lU- 
he;;ilth witliout repining. He felt his gradual 
decline without a nfturmur ; and though he 
fulfered extreme agony before his diirulutioii, 
yet it was the agony of the btnly at its repara- 
tion from a foul like his. Words will not 
exprefs his merit; it ttiU lives in the re- 
membrance 



582 Obituary ^fanfideruhU Perjom ; with Biographical Aneedotis^ [ Aug* 

mtmlmnot of thoic who et^ojred his (bctet^y herfdf for (be awful ftn»ke of his LordlhipV 

«r felt his coanniferaidoii. dilfoloctoo, no fooner did ibac period anive* 

In Parliament-ftreeC| Nottinghamt Mr. than Qie became a prey to the moft agonizing 

Tho» Willdn(bDy gent. forrow, which very ibortly brought on a 

At Derby, io ber 99th ^ear, Mrs. Bake- diforder that terminated lier life. . 

mtXL^ i r o M Oonger, and daughter of Francis James Sutherland, efq. late judge-ad vocata 

Cockayne, «fq. who federal tiroes ferved ihe of the Court of Admiralty at Minorca — 

t>flloe of mayor of that borough. While the King was patUng from the Queen's 

At Willefley-hall, aged #5, Tho. Abney, hodfe to the levee at St. Jameses, about one 
€fq. fon of Sir Tho. A. one of^his Majefty's o'clock in the afternoon, this unfortunate 
jtiAices of the Court of Common Pleas (who gentleman placed himfelf clofe to the rails o£ 
was killed in 1750 by the gaol diilemper^. He the Green 'paik, and (hoc himfelf in the 
has left ilfue only one daughter, iparned to breaft with a piftol, in the hearing, and al- 
JLieat.-col. Haitiogs, His charaAer was that moll in the profeace, of his Majef^y. A 
of a truly refpectable country gentleman. He green Alk purfe, containing two pence ia 
lived upon his e<late at Willefley, the whole halfpence and a fixpeuce, a fnuff-boK, and a 
lordffaip of which be owi^ed ; was a good white pocket-handkerchief, were all that 
hulbond, a good father, n g^ mafter, and a ^^ere fbcind in his pockets. The body wat 
•good landlord : fmcere and warm in iiis at- conveyed to St. Maitiu's workhoufe ; and 
tachmeni to his firiends, liberal in * liis bene- the coroner's inqueft was taken at the Bam- 
tadtions to the poor, and ftrt^y juft in his M^^> ^ public* houfe in St. M:utin's-bne^ 
stealings with all men. It was of this geotle? where, after a fitting of four hours, the jury 
SKian Mr. Ttuckneffe fpeaks, when he fays, humanely brought in a verdi^ of Lunacy. 
-^ The comfortable feat of Mr. Abney (hould His remains were privately and decently in- 
bepaiticularly noticed, not only for the houfe, terred in tlie church-yard of St. Maitin in 
but the good old man, his fon, and the wife, the Fields, about feve^ o'ck>ck in ti.e even- 
It iB a DMt/Mi fttrriv, has exteuTive views eadi ing of the 19th, followed to the grave by his 
way, bat the poflellbr feesno man's land but nephews, MofTrs. M. and J. Cowper, as chief 
his own ; and ail his farm-houfes too are as mourners, and by Simon Frafer, efq. Hcnrf 
noeil firwitd as his own. An hofpttablc table Nettlefhip, efq. O. Ward, efq; R. Ward, efq. 
fnet covered, and in the comfortable ftyle of Mr. N. B. Harrifon, and Mr. H. S. Woodfall^ 
our forefather, made me think royfelf 150 hitim^e friends of the deceafed. Mr. S. tus 
years back." See Mr. Nichols's Leiceiler- left a wife and four children} two ions, one 
Ihire CoUe^ons, p. 1135. a captain-lieutenant in the 25th regimeut^ 
At Ridge, HertSy in her 73d year, Mrs, the other on the eftablifhment in India, and 
Eliz. MThalley, relia of R«V. R06. W. vicar two daughters, who now refide, with their 
of that place. mother, in Union-ftr. Weftm<niler. When 
At his apartments in Featherftone-bu'dd- he (hot himfelf lie held a letter in his liaod, 
buildings, in his 67th year, James Leake,.efq. addrelTed ^ To the Coroner who (hall take 
of Dedham, Effex, one of the court of alli(t« an Inquefl on Jan^es Sutherland," and which 
luits of the Stationers Company, one of the contained afhort ftuennentof his cafe, a let- 
commtfl^onerB of the lottery, and formerly ter to the King, and an extract of one which 
a patentee of Curent'ganten fheati-o. he fent fome time ago to Mr. Pitt ; all of 
At his houfe m Plymouth dock, after a which, with a character of him, and verfes 
tedious indifpofition, Kenton GriiTitlis, efq. to his memory, muft be deferred till our ncxu 
captain in the Fortfmotuh dsvifion of ma- In KenningtAti-lane, Vauxhali, tlie H«<n. 
rincs. The lofs of this brave and worttiy of- Ifabeila Scott, widow of tlie Hon. John S» 
ficer is afcribed to the unwliolfomcnefs of only broihertothc Earl, of Delbralne. She 
the climate of St. Lucia, which proved fjul wab Mifi Youns, a celebrated hngcr, and 
to many of our bcft troops while in gitrilon married to him in 1757. 
there during tljc late war. His coxyxc was 18. Micr a lingering Ulnefs of near twa 
interred with military honours, attended by years and a lialf, on her way to Soutlumjv. 
his brother officen and foldici^. ton, whillter (he was going to embark tur 

16. At M ear's- Alhby, CO. Northampton, Li fboni MirsCraururd,eldeU dangler of Sir 
in her SSihycar, Mrs. Frances Thornton, re* Alex. C. hart. 

iict of Tho. 1 . et'<|. ot BrmkhdU. At Stokelley, in Derlvyfhire, aged 83, Mrs« 

At Great Mallow, in Ireland, Right Hon. Anna-Maria NiclM)iroii, rootticr of the ceie- 

Powagei fiariHicfs Malfey. braied Margaret N. who, in a paroxyftn of 

17. At Wanftead, Ulex, Mrs. Thurlow, infanity, made an attempt Ujhmi the life of 
widow of the late Bi(bop of Durham. I ki>. our beloved Sovereign. The old womau, in 
lady died, in the lb'i(ftclt fcnfe of the wor*l, almoft lier lalt moments, btwaded the fate of 
of a brtiken heart. During tlie long hopclefs her unhapi>y daughter, wlia liad alw;#ys been 
illncfs oJ tlie Uilhup, (he exhibited ihe moft her favourite child. 

condaiit proofs of cuaitigal aAe^ion nnd ten- a I. In his 66th year, Tlui. Coare, efq. of 

derncfs, kihI was coittinually abforbcd m Rcadinj^, formerly of Newgate-ftnect, wine 

grief} anil tliou^h, from the ie|imt of his and brandy-merdianti butlud rcUitd WiLUa 

phyficLins, the had ume iullicieut Co pre^^ure competed fortonQ* ^ 

7 A 



I - 



179I-] G^^ftti Prdmothns.^ThiOlrical Rfgi/ter^ — Bill cf M$ri{iUt% 783 

At herlioufe at Jacob's Well, Brhlol, Mrs. tlieatre, and which was for many years the 

Jane Green, the celebrated aflre(is, who for only tJieatre near Briftol. Li 1765 the pre- 

auny years diftinguWhed herfelfhy the povv- fcnt playhmife in King-ftreet wasbuilc >»y 

erfdl exertions of her comic talents on the fubrcripttun, and opened the next {timn>er by 

fiages of Dniry-lane and Covent- garden tlie* a company of comedians from the Londoii 

atres. Mrs. O. was the danghter of that tlieatres; in the dire6lion of which, the late 

eminent comedian Mr. Hippcfley, tlic pre- Meffi-s. Holland and Powell, Mr. Kin;, and 

dece(fur of Yates and Shutcr. She began hor other of our firil comedbns, engaged. 
career on tlie (bge of Goodman 's- fields play • 22. Peregrine Sims, cfq. of tlic Cudom* 

houfe, about tlie time that Mr. Garrick cum- lionfe, Lontion. 

tnenceJ the prof^llion of an adlor. She was 2 ^ At his houfe in the Old Jewry, Joha 

married to Henry Green, efq. who died fome "" '^ ^ 

few years fince, purfer of the Nnmnr, a 90- 
guu (liip. After a luinful ftruggle with Na- 
ture for eight weekv, Mi^ G. (Iiaving cora- 

]pleted her 72d year) was carried jiflf by a jumped ovit of a two>pair of XUirs wiodow^ 

iti.>rtifir«ion in her limb#, which age and to avoid the hadi/ft. 

imbecillity, occafioncd by il'.nefs, and a long 24- At her houfe in Lanfdown-road, Batli, 

courfe of medicine, rendered it out of the aged 74, Mi-s. Righy, a maiden lady. 
power of Art to ftop. In private life, Mrs. At Srokc Newinjtonjof which he was one 

G. was an aflfectionatc wife, a tender parent, of the oldeft inhabitants, aged 79, Mr. Wm. 

and a fteaJy friend- She has left bs' ind her Giles. He was a frrmer and coli-noerchauCa 



Whitmoro, ef<|. 

^t her lotjgings near Alley's Riding- 
fchool, Lambe'^, the noted Counreis de la 
Motte, of H'(. /..« memory, and whoIate'T 



two fons, tiie elder a captain of mariut;^, the 
younger at prefent unprovided for. As an 
a^cfs, we have no one performer, en cither 
of our ft.«gc<, equnl to Mrs. Green in ttie 
term;»gants, and tew 'u the pen ch.imher- 
matih, and various otiier comic and farcical 



aud for many years clerk of the pariih. 

Gaxette Promotions. 

GEORGE E.irl of Morton, created Rwhi 
Don, l^"', of Loclilevcn, co. Kinrofs. 
C. Meyneil, efq. appointed mafter and 
characters. She was the powerful rival of keeper cf hfs Majefty's Tennis'court near 
Clive, in the beft days of Kitty's powers ; " 
and, as Ituig as (he continued on the (lage, 
was dt-iervcdly -a greit favouHte with the 
puhiick. S?ie quitted Covent garden theatre a 
few years fi;»cc, on a pique, occafioned by 
fome diifcrcnce v/ith the manager ; and has 
ever fince ref»»'cd in a fmall hou'e of her 
own near Jawih's Well, BriHol, v hica her 
ialher built when propiietor of the adjoining 



the Cockpit, Whitehall, and of his Majedy'g 
Tennis-court ami Tehni'=-plays at Hampton- 
coiu-t, and elfewhere, in Great Britain. 

Hon. Jofcph Hewitt, appointed one of hit 
Majcfty'sjulliccs of the Court of King's Beoch 
in Ireland, v/Vr Henn, dec. 

Henry Duqucry, and James Chattcrton, 
cfqrs. appointed bis Majefty's fecond and 
third ferjeants at law in Ireland. 



THEATRICAL REGISTER. 



Jki%» Hat-Market. 

1. Seeing is Believing — Surrender of Calais, 
ft. The Country Girl — The Village Lawyer. 

3. A Quarter of an Hour l>cfore Dinner— 

— '1 he Surrcm'.er of CaLVss. 

4. Half *an Hour afier Supper — Ditto. 

5. Inkle and Yarico — Mayor of Garratt. 

6. Seeing is Belicvir.g-^Siirrendef of Calais. 

8. A Quarter of an Hour before Dinner — D'*- 

9. Piety in Pattcitt— Ditto. 

10. Inkle and Yarico — A Trip to Elyrium-— 

Peeping Tom. 

1 1. A Quarter of an Hour before Dinner— 

The Surrender of Calais. 

12. The Youog Quaker— The Minor. 

13. Nf»xt Door Neighbours— The Padlock— 

Tbt hijbmsn in Sf>ain, 
1 5. The Surrender of Calais — Tlic Liar. 
id. The Battle, of Hexham — Tbe Nortbttn 

/♦»; or, Tlk Day I ofgwi ^un Btfu 



17. The Surrender of Calai*— -The Mayor of 

« _^^»*^^- fof Calais. 

18. The Manager in Diftrefs— The Surrender 

19. The Beggar's Opera— Village Lawyer. 

20. The Manager in Diftrefe— The Surrender 

of Calais. 

22. The Surrender of Calais— VillagcLawyerw 
2 3. Ditto— The Manager in DidreOs. 
14. King Ricliard the Third— The Mayor o( 
Garratt. 

25. The Author— The Surrender of Calais. 

26. The Battle of Hexham— The Catch Club 

Who's the Dupe \ 
17. Seeing is Believing- The Surrender of 
Calais— The Manager in Difltefs. 

29. A Quarter of an Hour before Dinner— 

Ditto— Half an Hour after Supper. 

30. The Manager in Dillrefs— Next Door 

Neighbours— Gretna Green. 

31. The Surrender of Calais— Bon Ton* 



BILL of 

CbriftQfic<l. 
Mates 62c 7 , 
Feaieles ^ij"^^ 



M 



ORTALITY, from Auguft 2, to Auguft 23, 1791 



Baried. 
Males 6267 
Females 6:9 $"35 



Whereof bare died under two years old 4SS 
feck Loaf 11. 2id« 



a 
•I 



1 and 5 
5 and 10 



"5 

10 and 20 41 

' fto and 30 89 

30 and 40 94 

40 md 50 1 16 



50 and 60 111 
60 and 70 6$ 
70 and 80 50 
%o and 90 ac 
90 aad 100 4 






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The Gentleman'^ Magazine \ 



Lbhii.Gai 

GtnilALETIN. 

LloTd'i Erenmf 
S..J..«-.Chron. 
WliitchaU Eren. 
LoodonCbren. 

L. Picket— Si>r 

Enslilh ChrOQ. 
" '.iM-il 

r de Land. 
DalW AdTrnifer 
PaUtcAdTutirci 

Mominf Hfl-ald 
WocHffill't D;irr 
World— Ar^oi 
Tbc Or.di 
Timci— M. Pnft 
l}Wt(1(lTPaiit» 
K'lh 1, Briitol 4 

jS.E-^mund'i 

Cinurbirr i 
Chdoiford 



i^rwich 

IRELAND 
Lcedi 1 

LllcIlTIlk 

M-'idd' 
Mwchcfler 
Ncwcflle 1 
Non(..n>p,;„ 
Horwicb , 

OiraiiD 
Rfidine 

SCOTLAND 



For SEPTEMBER, 1791. 



C p 



Meteorolof.Diaridfor Sept. and Auk. 1791 j8< 
Burgh'ipe Houfe, ami Hiftory of iis Owners :87 
\ AneixhHenf Mr.Srili:r,l:A(Ctiunta(h^iRs£l»ry7SK 
:Extr;<^s(rumBjkci-'iL«IKr< — B|>.Baraei,fcc.i*. 
jlnreriiuicHiin Mm-^cralSmithweUaxpUinBd f(q 
(Getir.'e Inn nl Nia-'haiiptuii, by whom buiU ii 
;E[iitaphtaiiitiE U'>iiriies;i:.^i>iDVer,co.bsi'bf 79. 
Literary <Juerir! — SiixJi^i^hcjiirg it BimiiEimn .* 
Remark>uiiDr.l'iicaicy,anJnnMr.T.Pay.u:74i 
Hucke virulk.ileJCrom PuIiikbI Incnnrineiicy 791 
Mt'.l-'r3t;s'iAccoiinliif Tlircckingliiitt,Linc.7g: 
Lead h.nw iliTcnveml inWiiici — M^laHgi 



N T A I N I N q 

CjmhriJge vindicate,! frora a bth Calumaf 811 



irlsm- Exlra^rrotnRuyalKouiholJt 3ii 



-Oiicl 






Charles 1 1. tl< 
Epitaphs iMi Dr. Miifgrave and Mr, B, vVillLn .* 
AlTediiisSlniViTFafjirLunaticli— Cha. |[. Hi. 
SirJitLiKCLrJu-e— BrecbmFuueralSen-iceKi'' 
Thu Liii.l tit— .Mil-Lijii's LyciJis cluciJatsd Jij 
. donMi-.WiJttfiirtdSil 
ExtratlsfroinPol"'lie!e — Lea^ninEI^f Modems t'irj 
Hairj^reyFrmn Fright — C riiiqueunMr.NewieS:? 
" mnettical Obferva^ions for July ar ' 



TcnelsofQiMfccrs— Johnfi"i&Mri.Kiinwle(793JHiimanBSotinie!reownmendedloMajiftraK*Bii 
I Zeal of B)'. of Lnidonat a I »'e Confirmation 7.)9{oid PaintinES in Raunds Churcli delcribed S14 
'\VeiaiJnJi:.nF— TownGar.!en»— AnEprtaphSeoiProceedinpinCholaftseffionof Partiamsot Sij 
Clirian— Tribute lo Mi<'kle— .4rchd. I'alay Eo/EpiUpbonMr.Spelman- ThefirnFiroofliceSi.- 
AiiempCtoafcBnaintheUirth-placeurPrior K-iIKiviiit of H^■a Puhlicationi 8;] — B^y 
OniheOriginaiid prrfent Sta'e of LamMax iailFontiot; Lti iiaiiv Intellioince ti,:. 
Kiii|iiiph.ADeci]>itRiiir MM tliU'iin,Iliicaniit l><i4,tHDix I>»tcat<iriui — Quariai anfuered i;c 
AreeddieEiirilte Family orTilliBofPi'iiidly 8o'j:Si(.KCTpoir iiT,an>ieniaiiJmo>:era l!;i— ^i" 
Wai>d«er'i Diary iIiiqu^Ii fi'niKC cuniinued ^cy^Kor. Affaiis, Doiiiell.Oci;Direnc»,&'. 1157 — !fn . 
iwedinbours— Tlie Beesaft Pi-T"™'. fiC- 809 Marrisfet, Death-, Preferinenti, S^c 897— 87^ 
beetle! — lh4ilif|>e.-irc — Aid- Uj^Ut— C'Jii-ls 81c, Daily V^r^atiuni in tli: Prices of tile Slocks ii:c 



EmhrUilheil with he.iulifiil Ferf^jtilive Vie 



it.-d ty Mr, Wa: 



Vi)l;.ge, 



STL-i'JNUS 



586 Afrttartbgic^Dlariii/fr AapA and Septemher, 1791. 



EcttbtDTpi 



MtTEoioLofiiCAL Table for September, 1791. 
pihnnbat'i TharaoBcnr. Hnfhi of Faknabtit'i TbnMMctcr. 



•!? 


:i 


dl 


.£ 


A,. 







(7 


>S 




•1 


(« 


so 




^; 


i^ 






3 


ft4 







BiroB. 




=s 


n. pci. 


a 







e« 




"Hi 




<4 


it 












f' 


54 




tA 


i, 










bq 


(7 


,w 






•94 


6, 


•^r 


10,0. 


T4 


6n 


-'ji 




61 






64 


^1 









rtii 



;uie of WeaUter in Auguft r;$i. 



W. briOt 

W modcntt. 

W modeiats 

SW cdm ' 

W tcnde 

SW Etndfl 

, moteiCe 

NE calm 
SSE brifk 



W ftormy 
MNW aln 

SSE ffcHl'rate 

SSW brifk ' 
SSW hrllk 



W briflt 
NW bnik 
Si; modtrate 



61 gloomy, fudilcn Ihowera 

avorifi, colli md unpleirant 
doiuly, yerj cobl In the enninc 
white doUiS, li^tiy, rain at night 
frardl rain, dltm up, foltty, flan at nigbt 
driOinB rjio atlriterrals, cIofB, fbillghi 
while clouds tiaseJ wiih Mack, dur 4af, tennt 
□vercaft, cool ini pleafaiu dajr [night 

□vercan, very pleafant [dull 

clear Iky, only few IhuU white cloudt, loutiiig and 
grey, hot gleanu, &nG day [Ibower 

rpeckled iky, blue and nhlti, tbundcr at ditUocei 
-vliite veil on the blue, Ihowers 
«liite fleecy doudi, louring day, rain goet over 
irerutl, fuliry, thunder, ligbiuing, aod rain 
-ah), deals up, fukty dm', Ifaowen at n)|ht 
<l I rain, clears up at noon, ftarlight 
60 black cloodi, clear atxl fine day [Harlight 

59 clear exiianfn, a rew while cloud), iteligbtrul day, 

59 clear Iky, unly the moon appean, charming day 

60 Jovercaft, no Am ail day, flan biit dim 

60 lovercafl, Ane harveft ilay [donrt, nin al night 

61 Ifng, dole aiid^tiM, Tlier. i ti one o'clock out of 
(j lOvercafl, elsan ap, little rar* at night 

fi black and white clmxlE, floimy, run at nisbt 

60 doudy, good harveft day 

61 dondy, flight Iboweri 

59 overeat), llurmT, deart up ' 

jS cloudy, piod harvcH day 

}6 Mack and ■liileiluii>1s,good barren weather, colli 

S4 fettled rain all dsy without iniemlifliin, fume- 
deratreiilnnfln,rnmEfleelwi{h the rain in U<eDflernnon 
le ground di-awiiig iiita riilget- — ;. Evaporation basbeea. 
'" 1.1 Qax (limiriii) in bl<-.im. Fun (re1e-c) in bloam for 



e."Snmmer fall OWE very dean, i 
inconfiderable (lie w«k preceding. . , . , . 

Ilie fecond tliue. Circulat iveb; li:ii\",ing opoii the bulhai. Meafured * pUnl of thelo 

(medica), a few groKing lu-mnifciNiufly in a tttcti'm; and cm alnn; Tvilh the ulicr tmf'i 

[ime iS,and:U ihi'^time in Monni, meafinid ]o inches frinn tlie giiiund to Ihf tiip nf the 
i'lsi-.t. N.B. Fifly days RTtM-lb.— S, liarlyoatsreapins.— g./^ kind of ^Wv or radii i.|'|>«jleti 
luiibdlhcmonn, ^limn ^ circumfMcncc, about len n'cJuik al nig] rit, fur a'lew minute, d'-ar 
t.xi infe, but frw liars.— ii, A nnniher i>f wliil* hnttrrflies amnngfi cabbnges ind tuber 
jrctn', depofHii.E Ilieir esfs, Reilhrraft fii;;s iij antumn.d fiHig— 15. fmn rijiens-f.ift, 
«h^:.t ainiiijIKW. Ibuni.'tr in tLc i-iemriE, and viulii:! rlilhcs of lii,ti[riirE. — 16. Aiie- 
)iici„'i.ii--. dapof thuni?rr:'Kinit la noimioi nfter fivt in ihe nminmg, iiaird neailvat the (jm« 

iMit »l i« miles dlflaiice 1: anU V.'; liji.tniiig anJlUiinJenomuuit.l— 18. £l.y red « tun- 



"■ I. t 



i^<< 



THE 



i1*7 



Gentleman's Magazh 

For SEPTEMBER, 1791 



BEING THE THIRD NUMBER OF VOL. LXI. PART II. 

Mr. Urban, Hirifordy Sept, t^. ham. He was the Uft of the famtlv who 

|{*]Q^>^>fl» H E old maniioii of reiided here ^ but the propesty devofred to 

& w Burgbops, or Burbop^, of his cideft fon, Sir Jdhn Diocley Gooderr^ 

W T* ^ which I lately fcnc you whoaHuinedttteoameof DiDelcyiiycek>e£t 

M ^ Jf\ a drawiog, is iitu^ted of the large eftau which he iiiiv:rked from 

38( 3fi( near the road from He- his rootlMr } buty liaviog lived on b?4 

HcJQCJBOBC jnl ^^^^^ ^^ Leominfler, fe- terms with his younger brother, Samuel 

ren miles from the for- Dineley G. captain of the Ruby man of 

mer, on an agreeable eminence, a part of war, and threatening to<li(iolierit htm in 

Dinmore hill. It was for fome ages in favour of his iiAcr*s fon, John Koot, of 

the family of the M^rn ; and from them Truro, in Cornwall, efq. it fo alanned 

came to the antieot family' of G9$dtre, the Captain, that he formed a refolntioo 

which has often enjoyed the honour of of murthering him, which he cxecuto<i 

knighthood, and been of cpniiderablc Jan. 17, 1741. A friend at BriAol, who 



pote in feveral counties'* 

Francis G. of London, who lived in 
the reign of Henry VIII, purchafed 
Polcfworth nunnery %\, the DiifoUitioB, 
and had ifTue William and Henry, both 
kniehts; ^ir Henry an accompUOied 
pe(ion, and of eminent note in that 
coQDty, fuffered imprifonment in be* 
half of the unfortunate Queen of Scots\ 
He left two daughters ; Prances married 
to Sir Henry, his eldeft brother's fon and 
heir ', whole ilTue were four daughters ^. 

Wnry G. was living at Baginrpn 10 
Eliz.s From this family delcended Ed^ 
^uard G* efq. created baronet Dec. 5, 
1707, 6 Anne; knight of the fline for 
tlte county of Hereford in the parliament 
preceding that, and M. P. for Evtftiam 
in fcveraT itnce j 80 years old 1727, and 
died 1739, aged 9a, having married Ele- 
anor, only daughter and heir of Sir Ed- 
ward Dineley, knt. of Charlton, in the 
county of Worceftcr, by Frantcs, daugh- 
ter of Lewis VVatfon, Lofd Rocking- 



kncw their mortal antipathy, had invited 
them lK)th to dine, in hopes of reconciU 
ing them, and they patted in the evening 
in feemiog friendlbip | But the Captain 
placed fome of his men in the Hreet, near 
Collcge-grcen, to carry off his brother, 
under pretence of his being difokrdcred in 
his fenfeSy to hie (hip, where he caufcd 
him to be (Irangled in the cabin by two 
of the crew. White and Mahony, htm- 
felf flanding at the door. Such an atro*' 
c ous ^tcA could not long b? concealed^ s 
the Captain and his two accomplices were 
tried at Brifiol the 28th of March fol- 
lowing, and executed April 15. He had 
behaved bravely in his profellion on le* 
vera) occalion^, been at Che taking of St. 
SchaOi^n, Fcnol, and St. Aotunio. His 
eldell Ton, El ward, lucceeded to the title, 
and dung 1761, Bogle, was iuccee«ied by 
his biother John, who died «r Dublin, 
17857. John Foot, nephew to Sir John, 
and elder brother to the celebrated come- 
dian. I>eca(ne poircifed of rh'^ C-lMrlf- o 



* i'he four lines ill p. 793 (mwliich for ** W/kLKta" leaU " VVATHaN"j wcic piuiu^i ufi: 
before this particular defcriptRm of Bu.^hi>{)e and lU owners was received. E !>i t. 

* Camden's ^Annals of Queen Elizabeth, 1571 — 1573- ^ The other filler, Annr, 
narried Ueiiry Rainsford, ot CliftorJ, in tlic county of Glouccfter. Du^d. * Dur.- 
dale's Warwickfiiire, 1113, 11141 ed. Th(>ni;«. ' Baroneiajc. * See vol. XI. 
pp> 150, 16), 2 18. 7 See vol. LV. p. 1005, wtieie he is by miflake caHeU the Jncnd 
baronet of the familyj being really the fcurib. 

fet. — 19. Great dew this mnfning, and the firft of any confequence of all this fummcr.-r- 
so. Dew ag.nn. — 22 Corn hoofed P.iftures bare. Nb after-grab this* fralon. Want of grafs 
general. Flies very numerous -.ind irovihjefome. — 25. Damage done amoiig.'t corn with il»c 
wind of laft night. Corn harv'cfl general. Vaft c)wantiiies of mufhrooiTis g ilrtjred : 1778 a 
finjilar crop J and in ihe year 1761 there was alfo a very abnivUuu o%)p of fjMMjUincous 
nnj(hrooms.~i9. Springs begin to f.Ul — 31. lJeg.in to rain fo'm after fixo'cU)ck this morn- 
ing, and held without ce.ifing till bctucen fiveanJ fixt!)c fucccedini; mornif.g. Fall Of i.in 
(luring this i^sarly two incites. Xual fall of raiH this moulh, 5 inches ^- :ciiis. EvjpuM^tiuu^ 

4 irw-k«« 



788 Epitaph on Mr, S^lUw^EMtraffs/rcm Baker*t iMUrsm [Sept« 

excellent moderp-built parfonagc^houfc^ 
finely ficuated on a riiitig grouDd, wich % 
deli^hrful profptd^ -about a quarter of a 
-mile North, from the cburcliu He bore 
' ao excellent chara^r id his netghhoiMf 
hood, which I cannot quit without ex* 
prefTiog my {acisfadioQ io the arrange- 
ment of the adjoining parifli of Bartlow, 
in Cambridgtihire. Mr. Hall, who is 
re£Vor in his own right, and an a£tive 
magiltrate, has iniUtutcd a Sunday** 
ichool, of which his clerk and gardener 
if the mader, and himfclf and Mrs. H. 
jointly aHift him. The parfoAaee ftands 
on the South fide of the cburch^^nd Mr. 
H. has improved the (lope of the hill as 
a pleafant garden and lawn, and covered 
the Souih tide of the church with £aa* 
rifliing fruit>trecs« The church with 
its' round tower prefcnts a pif^urcfque 
appearance { and a few poles diHance to 
the ^outh are the five fcpulchral hills* 
fuppofed of Danilh origin, of a conical 
form, and different heifi;hts, and four of 
them planted at top with clumpe of tree*. 
Your?, &c. R. G. 



edate, and fold it to Sir John's widow's 
fecond hufband, Mr. Rayncr, printer, in 
Whitcfriajs, who fold it a^ain •, 

Soon after the fatal cataftrophe hap- 
pened to the brothers, Burghope, with 
o*^her cAates, to the amount of loool. a 
year, were purchafed by Governor 
Feachy> now Sir James Peachy, ban. 
The houfe and gardens have been fo 
much neglected, that the former ferves 
only as a warehoufe or granary to rhe 
farmer, and the gardens are chiefly 
planted with hops. This* houfe muft 
have been a mod defirable refidence, hav- 
ing fpacious woods, whence the views 
were exten live and pifturefque. It had 
a very defirable ociglihourhood, having 
Hampton-court, Dinmore, and Windy, 
near it. J. Wathen. 

Mr. Urban, Sept. 6. 

I SEND you an epitaph on the late 
Mr. Salter, whofe death is recorded 
in p. 492, fixed up on the South wall of 
the chancel at As HDON church, in EiTcx, 
on a tablet of black marble, in a frame 
formed like a Gothic arch { dtfigned and 
executed by Mr. Robinlon, mafon, of 
Sdftran,Walden. 

Here lies the body 

of theReV. NATHANltLSALTKX, A.M. 

who died March 7, i ; 9 r , hged 87 years, 

late re^or of this parifti, 

and for many years a condant preacher 

in this church ; 
and, beinf^ d ad, dill defires to fpealc 

to his beloved pariftiioners, 

aiid eamedly exhort them to have 

a (pecial care of 

their fouls ; 

and CO that end 

CO- ftanily to attend npon the wortbip of God, 

frequenily to receive the facrament, and 
diligently to obferve the* good indruAioos 

given 

m this place ; 

to breed op their children in the fear of God, 

and follow peace with all men, 

and bolineis, 

without which no man diall fee the Lord. 

God give us all a happy meeting 

at the refurredion of the |uft. 

Amen. 

Mr, Salter's death was occafioned by 
his tailing down the dairs of his cellar, 
the decay of his fi^ht preventing him 
from feeing that the dcor was open He 
was admitted of Caiu^ College, in C*m- 
bf:« pe, whfie he proceeded A.B. 1724, 
A.M. 1729. and w^s prcfcnted by that 
Socic;v to this rc£lory 1748. He re- 
paired hi^ chancel 1790.. and inhabited an 

* Nadi's \Vorc€dcrdare, '• 2721 273. 



Mr Urban, Sept,^. 

TO your extract from Mr. Baker'c 
Letters refpe£ling Bi(hop Burnet, 
p. 725, add, •* To Bifljop Burnet 1 
have no more to fay than that, indead 
of compliances, I gave him the higheft 
provocation, fuch as mod men would 
have highly rcfented, but few befides 
himfelf would have printed. But my 
principle is not fo high as you may ima- 
gine. I hold communion with the Eda- 
blidied Church : the new communion I 
do not underdand." 

** No man ever had more enemies, or 
has been more defpitefully treated. I 
widi you could find time to read his 
Life, written by his fun, which has 
given me mbre entertainment than his 
hiflory." 

In another letter Mr. Baker fays,— 
" Mr. Carte's work meets with fome 
delay from his infirmities, having been 
much difablcd of late by a rheumatifm; 
but u now pietiy well recovered. I am 
told by a good hand that he mig4it have 
been Dean of VVindfor if be could have 
accepted. You know he is in oiders 
though he appears in a lay habir.*' May 

26, 4 734- 

•• h Mr. Th. (qu. ^htoholU whom 
in a former letter he ctlebrates as a 
fcholar, in his Preface to Shaklpeare, 
and fays, he had a very able IchooU 
mailer in Mr. Ellis of your uoivcifity, 
and fome while of ours, under v\rhom be 

was 



1 791*] SonihwtVi Jnfcripiion^-^liGnhzwpton tmi.'*^M^^ 789 



was well gipunded,) inteods an edkioa 
of ^(chyiui; 00 doubt he will know 
the ufe of Dr. Needham't papers, which, 
if 1 remember right, were bequeathed 
to Dr. Mead." 

In another letter, be fays, *' Dr. 
Needhaoi'i ^fcbylus goes on flowly. 
I have hcatd nothing of it lately, nor of 
Mr. Stanley's Ton being an author or 
trandator.'* 

Among Btfhop Tanner's MSS. at 
Oxford, No. 418, is the trial uf the 
Lord Macguire: the beginning want- 
ing. Was this the Lord who was ap- 
prehended in Ireland for rebellion 1642? 
Yours, Sec, D. H. 



Mr. Urban, Si'pt, to, 

ON the authority of a6^ual infpec- 
tion, with a friend who would not 
be impofed on in fuch matters, I take 
upon me to defend the reading of the 
Southwell infcriptioA, given in the new 
editionof Camden, II. a^o; and by your 
correfpondent, LX. 699, 793, though 
pointed differently from both.. It is on 
the pillar Erul\s, and followed by a co* 
Ion, whereby it is infeparably connected 
with fanQi$i and made a datW9 plural, 
inftead of your correipondent's j^gnitivt 
(ingalar. On what authority Gervafe 
Lee, the writer or compofer of this in* 
fcription, preferred exutis to tXMitbutp 
let grammarians decide. 

The paffage (lands thus t 
Dti Dtus boc fanSum Janffis JU fimper 
afylum 

Exults t Matras fmcriligofque ruat. 
The meaning is more obvious than the 
Latinity is corre6t. 

A^ainft the front of the George inn 
at Northampton is this iufcnpcion > n a 
white marble tablet, lately renewed : 

Johannes DRYotN, ar. 

Afhbeiae Cononicuruoi 

in hoc agro natus, 

Vir gravis, probus, iogax, colendus. 

Pa ^ DOC h jeu m hoc qucxi fj>e6Us nmguiticom 

in natjitis patrix omamentuni et deckis 

ingeuu fumptu ftatim ab iucen Jo (it uxit, 

ct moricns anno 1707° ad 

nTXiXO:ilAAiX\AtlON fun-Jaiidum 

opiabili excniplo pic lej.ivit. 

Dedifce jam, le^r, culparc temp»ra : 

At Korthantoniae felici gr^ulrtie, ubi cernis 

tauium virtutis, morum, rchgionis, 

ex ipfa vel caupuna procnari. ' 

LapiUeni huuc bcneficti inviicvm 

Roberi Pigovt, R. F. 

Some of your correfpondent* mSy 
perhaps trace out this John Dj vdcn jnd 
*'ttis Robert Pigott, cf^fg, which is inoic 



than I can do from the Dryden pedigree 
in Bridges's *' Hi (lory of Northampton*, 
(hire," 1. 226 j nor do I hod any men* 
tion of this ion or infcription in his ac- 
count of the town of Northampton. . 

Yours, &c. R. G* 

Mr. Urban, Bijbop^s Auckland, Sipt,^' 

AF£W week ago the following let* 
rer of Mifs Talbot's came by ace* 
dent into mv hands ^. On account of icg 
fcxceliencr, I fend It for infertioo. T. S« 

**jMn$ 10, 1747. 

** A twelvemonth ago, dear Mr. — , I 
left a letter and a parcel f jr you j for who 
thought of your running away into Ireland ? 
At length 1 hear you are returning ; but, as 
i fiippofe your wandering Itors will not lead 
you towards Oxfbrdihnre, and our kind pla- 
nets will probably keep ns there ieveral 
roontlks, there is no likelihood of our meet- 
ing till after ChriAmas. 1 muft, therciiorey 
leave you foroe explanation of my parcel— 
In the hrft place, 1 mud remind you of 
what r dare fay you have forgot, that I am 
confiderably in your debt. 

"It may be ncceflary too, peilinps, to pnt 
you in mind that, when lad I faw }-6u, you 
were mightily engaged in forming a pyramid 
of books, the bafis of which, you told me, 
ivas feveral volumes of Philoii»phy. You - 
mud knuwtheie is another fort of books 
which I think a much better foundation oi 
fuch a building { and, not having beard you 
jnention Sermons, I have fent you a fet of 
Arcdbilhop Sharpens, who is one of my £i« 
vouritcs. Jtmay be a (lupid lortof taitej 
but to nie the fcieiice ot the lieart is olien 
mure rngagiog than that of the head; at 
kad, When one is in bait fpirics (as i know 
you ai-e loo ofte-j), there is nothing that fo 
cafily lenJs one hack tochearfuliiefs as a 
plat', good- hntnoured Sermon. Itnotonfy 
tu' V.L otf one's mind from whatever is at pre- 
le:.: uneafy to it, but it gives one the moll 
rational grounds for happinefs. To read fuch 
a hook, is to talk with an agreeable firiend of 
the mod interediog fubje^ If you are iae 
more fublime f|)eculations, more elegance of 
thought and hnjuage, Mr. Addifon's little 
book i» as charming a companion as 1 know 
for a morning's or an evening's walk. 

** Adieu — I wiih you all happinefs ; and 
hope, when I come to town, 1 Iball find 
you fettled again in a good deal of buHnefs, 
ytry attentive to it, and (roe from all melaa* 
choly reveries. 

" Had 1 been a fine, ingenious lady, I 
might luve feni you a pretty motto-ring, o^ 
fua.e gcntetl remembrance ; but, fuch as I 
am, do not laugh at me ; and believe me to 
he, very iincercly, your much obhged and 
faithful humble Icrvant, C. Talbot.'* 

• The volume T. S. enquires after will 
very pVobably appear next winter. Edit. 

Air. 



f 90 Epitaphs 9n the Bournes ttt Afhover.—- £f/#r4rjr Enquiries. [Sept, 

Mr. U&BAV^ J»if t' Robert Lyoeh» M.D. of Cioterbpryy 

1SEND you a copy of ib^ monuincot* entailed a pin of his edite. 
•1 infcriptioD io Alhover cbucch, on If tb« church notes from Ruthalf* co. 
the widow of Immanuel Bouroe, redor Staff, id the Topo^rapbiTf vol. II. p. ao], 
and patron of that place. Hex hulband be accurately uken (and there is no rea* 
was buriefl at Ailefloo, in LeiceHerihirc, fon to prefume they are not), there is rq 
as mtntioaed in Mr. Nichols's "CoUec* epiuph for Sir Edwtrd^ Leigh in that 
tions** for that county, p. 543 ; and cnurch> but only for his grandfon Sa* 
therefore has no monument in Aihover mucL Your, &c. N. S. 
church. Several of his defcendants are ■ 
1>urted at Afliovcr*} and tlie Rer.Law- Mr. Urban» ^figuft 19* 
fence Bourne, of Dronficld, in thit A MONGST the many ufeful pur- 
county, the great grandfon of Immanuel, xJL pofesfor which your MifceUany 
is the prefent patron and reaor of A(k- has long been celebrated, it has no 
over. The infcription it in the chancel, fmall merit in reviving enquiries after 
on a large (lab of freeftone, part within deuched literary work*, bringing under 
and pan without the rails of the altar. contemplation the unedited labours of 

*^HerQ lieth the body of JiMiMiia our predeceflbrs, and thereby aiding the 

BooaFB, the eldeft daughter of SirThonutf revival of perithing literature. 

Beckingbaro, of Tolfon Keckiogharo^ io the The queries and fuggcHions with 

qnaaty of Ettex, and Dame Elizabeth, bit which your learned corrcfpondenub 

wife, and the rcUa of immanuel Bourne, from time to time, furnifli the Gentle. 

Um "aor and patron of this church, who „„., Magazine, operate, as I have 

died Juoe the i9tb, 1679, aged 79." often thought, in the manner of fencing 

Youn, &c. A. W. or parrying with a file; they raife the 

—-■■"' ■ (kin, caufe an irritation, and fometimes 

Mr. UjtBAN, Juh 5. pierce deep into the flefli, an operatioa 

I SEE an enquiry in your laft Maga* which generates mattir, which, without 

zinc, p. 504^ for the epitaph of lm» a pun, it is often necelfary to difcuft. 

■lanuel Bourne, at Afliovcr, in the 'With tbefe reflexions, I addrefs nay (elf 

county of Derby. I was there a year or to you, claiming a few moments of your 

two ftnce, but find no fuch perfon men- attention to the following queries, fully 

tioned in my notes, It appears from a fenfible that, through the medium dF 

mural tablet* in the chancel, that Obadi- your Rcpoiitory, I am moft iikely to 

ah Bourne, M.A. died Apt i I 8, 1710, obtain the information I am foUcitous 

act. 64; and his widow, Jan. 19, 1711. about. 

I tranfcribed the following, which is at i. Have the executors or adminiflra- 

tbe fervice of your correfpondent : tors of the excellent Dr. John Brownt 

Kear this place lies interred author of the ** Eftimau of the Manners 

]t.iBEccA,wifeofOBADiAHBooRMt,A.M. aud Principles of the Times," fuinllcd 

Re^flor of this pariih, and daughter of that part of his will which required 

John Lynch, efqf of Grove, in Kent, that his work, *• The Principles of 

whoderancdlhishfcAug. 31, i754,3et,6i. Chriflian Legiflation,»' (hould be pub- 

As her life had been remarkable for the |,Q,^d immediately after his dcccafe ? 

amiable qualities of an affeaionate *% ife, jf „„j^ ^^.^ |^^ j ji, important a bcquett 

a tender parent, and a finccre frjcmS ^^^ wiilihcld ? 

*^^Irl&„^7n h^r^JISfJ^^^ *• The learned Englifli hiftbrian, 

ot rengion; 10 ner deatn was greatly p^, /-» ^ ii*rt.T» £ • ■• 

lamented by all who knew her, but by ^}^T^^ n"^'' Yt'^^\ four volume* 

none more juftly than l»er difconfolate ^' '^* ^'^"^J ^/ England to the date of 

Hufband, who ercdUd this monument to her »^54- Hii dclttn was to bring dowa 

memory, and ordeietl that, at his d«4h, ^^*« narration to the Revolution, but 

liis bones (hottid be laid near her. death inieiropied it io the year 1754. 

-., . \t e ^' • Hi* materials, 1 appiehend, are ludt'ed 

There 18 a grandfon of this match now in the Bodleian library, after having lien 

livtng, in Orders, on whom the late Dr. confultcd by Earl Hai^vv,eke It the 

* Wcreqoell the fAvoiir of copies of their P^'" ""l *^^*:i *"^. ^^ ^^'- ^^a<^P»J«»; 

epiunphf, pwttcularty of the " moral tabK* *?"* **'^'* i^aid 300I. for a pti«lal of 

roentiooed by N. S. Euit. \Xi%vny Irum whence he compiled the 

f Father of John Lynch, D D. Dean of beft part of his Hiftory and State Pa- 
Canterbury, n ho was father of Sir Wdliam pers. How long is the world to be dc» 
Lynch, K.B. wlio died 17S5, and of Juhti pnvtd of thefe valuables in trull > 
Lynch, DJ>. now Artttdsacoa of CauterUury. 3. Is ilicte any real good edition of 

the 



1 79'*J Swedcnbourg.— ^ai<f«# Bourignon.— -Dr. Pricftlcjr, lie. 791 



the Orations of Demodhenes? That of 
AVolfiut, with the G>roineourie8 of Ut* 
plan* is« I believe, the beft; and Dr. 
nTayJor has done a ereat deal towards it* 
But is there not ftill much waivting? 

4. Can any of yoor correfbondents 
inform ipc, whether a tranflation of 
Theocritus was ever publifhed by a Mr. 
Mania > I cannot find bis name in Mr. 
PclwheU's lid of editors. Mr. Martin 
was prcfcnted by Mr. Pitt to the living 
of Shrowton, in Dorfetihire, about the 
year 17614 and circulated propofals for 
his then intended vcrfion in the follow* 
lag year. 

$• Does the file touch the quick when 
I a(ky whether any of your learned 
readers can folve the hitherto-unex- 
plained proverb of " Buridan*s afs/' or 
expound its meaning? John Burtdan 
was a famous French roetaphyfician in 
the S4th century } 

I cannot fee. any thing very remark* 
able or lingular in the chara^er of Swe- 
deobourg, who feems to engaee the at- 
tention of fome of your corrcfpondenti, 
I have always confidered him in the 
fame light with Mr. Hare, p. 620, as 
an infane viiionary. Within the Uft 
100 years, the Continent has produced 
m^ny (imilar char<i6lers; but I think 
none comes fo near Swe<!enbourg as the 
famous enthudaft Madame Bourignon, 
who was born at Lifle, in Flanders, 
about tSzo. She pretended not only to 
have in tercourfe with the angelic orders, 
but frequent communications with the 
Deity himfelf. Her generation of An- 
clchrills, by means of the Devil's con- 
veying the feed of unchafle perfons into 
witches, and thereby producing the true 
Antichrirt*, or wicked men devoted ro 
him ; and her do6)rine of incuburp 
whereby a demon begets a child on a 
ilecping virgin, without prejudice to her 
virginity; were tenets not at alltoogmfs 
for Englilhmen, but which were gree- 
dily fwal lowed in Great Biitain, juft at 
8ivedenbourg's abfurdities now are. 
Not onlv laymen, but fome ecclcfiaf- 
tickf; embraced Bourignonifm j and, 
Oriinge to tell ! her publication of •• The 
Light of the 'World in 16^6" was of 
fuch confequcnce as to call forth the pen 
of the incomparable Charles Leflie, as 
ivtit at of Dc, Cockburn, who "fotbade 
the mailnefs of the prophet.*' 

However Cf^mon humanity impels 
u« to commifcrate rhe dcpicdatlons on 
the prcperty of kiilividu^is in tlit late 
rir>ts at Birmingh'ini, nothing ctn be 
More ridiculous than to lament tlic dc- 



ftm^ion of the HbliothifUi cb^ifh at 
Fairhill as a national lofs. The philo* ^ 
fophical labours of Dr. Priedley, how«- 
ever they have been depreciated. Have 
added, ho doubt, to the common Aock 
of national intelligence. But what^ an 
allpT* what a difcount, is there upon his 
political and theological reveriei 1 What 
coafuiion have bis various inflimmator/ 
publications occalioned I His own en- 
gine, tbe mob, which he vainly imagined 
he could wield with ability, and witli 
which he has, in frequent inftances, 
threatened the eflablifliments of his 
country, has at lad recoiled upon bios 
with tenfold vengeance. That Dr. P. 
his done all in his power to Air up the 
people in opposition to Government is a , 
fa^ eaiily proved. But I will refer 
vour readers to a pamphlet publilhed 
laft year, <* The Hiftorical Memoirs cf 
Religious Diflcnfion ;'* a work which 
Dr. PrieAley has not probably had time 
to read, but which has probed him and 
his caufe to the very quick, and which 
feems to be wiitten by the Leflie of the 
day*. 

As to Mr. Thomas Paine, it is not 
marvelous that he (hould find adbcrenta 
amongft tbe patron-powers of diflenfion; 
but it is ftrangc that he (hould have li. 
terary opponents. With a fpeciout 
ihew of political knowledge, backed by 
a great fliare of impudence and vanity, 
he has impofed upon the ginus irrit^t^ 
bili ftformantiitM, Debauched appe- 
tites mud have high-feifoned viands. 
But this fiery meteor will foon fet in the 
chill fens of America, unlcfs buoyed 
up by the folly of Oppofition. Let me 
relate to you, Mr. Urban, a circum- . 
ftance that hippeoed during the ufurp*- 
tion of Cromwell. Some inflammatory 
publicationtofCleiveUnd'sbeingbrougbc 
to the Parliament-general Lefley, ant 
fentence demanded againft him by hit 
accufers, the indignant foldier qucftion* 
ed them on the nature of the offence* 
Tbey produced a bundle of libelous 
ve^es. <' Is this all ?" faid the Gene, 
ral { " for (hame \ for Ihame ! let the 
poor devil go about- hn bufincfs, and 
fell hn ballads.'* Oedipus. 

* This very able writer, in the Pre£»ce t» 
his firft edition, has promifed tlie world » 
Sy {lem of £cclefia(tical au:onomy. But the 
fecood eUition, 1 fee, is come ou% and no 
further intimation of the progrcfs of liis plan. 
Is it (Iranj^led ? Or is he ptckiing liis rod for 
the mar- jMeliites } From the cominehenfion 
cf his plan it is become a defideraucn iia li- 
terature. 

Mr. 



jgZ Mr. Burke teft^uidfrom thi Charge cf Ine^nftffency. [ Sept. 

Mr. Urban, Holbam, Sept. i6. 

AS your Migtzinc has the jo ft repu- 
tation of bebg a general afvlum to 
the Injured reputation of every man who 
by his labours hai: deferTed-vvell of hit 
country, I hare no difEcultv in deiiring 
your pcrmiiTioo to lay before vour nu- 
merous readers foine out of the many 
proqfs that mipht eafily be offered to rc- 
fcue Mr. Burke from the charge of in- 
confiftcncv in his political opinions, 
which his adverfaries have wirh much 
m-ilijrnifv fitcmptcd to fix upon him.^ 
Finding that his late defence of our Con« 
llitution, upon its own original prinot- 
pies, as well a« upon thofc on which it 
WIS enahriihed at the Revolution of 168^, 
canilot be overthrown by any thing like 
fair and ingenuous areumeot, they have 
judged it expedient to Icifen,' if polTible, 
the weight of his refprflable authority 
by calumny and detra^ion. I Oiall re- 
joice if, by vour means, I (hall l>e en- 
abled to undeceive any imranial perfon, 
who, by the unfounded afllrtioni:, or the 
crafty infinuat'ons of the fadious and 
the derperatc, had been led into an opi- 
nion injurious to the well-earned fame of 
Mr. Burke ; of whom it may he fiid, 

Micnt inter omnes 
Batkiwrn fidus, velut inter ignes 
Lima minores. 

In order to prove what I contend for, 
namely, Mr. Burke*s confiftency of opi- 
nion in matters of government and poli- 
ticks, in every period, and under every 
circumflance of his public life, I (hill 
begin with prefcnting you fomc extrai'Js 
from a famous pampiUet of his, intituled, 
•• Thought*; on the caufc of the preftrt 
Difcontents }** which made its appear- 
ance not long after his firrt entrance into 
pArliamrtit, and that during the time in 
which, together wi'th the whole Whig 
pany, he was in oppofition to the mea- 
fures of Adminillration, at thar time 
fuppofed to be under the influence of 
Lord Bute and his Tory partizans. 

• <* >\ny nrw powers excrcifed in the Houfe 
nf Lords, or in the Honfc of Commons, or 
by the Crown, ouglit certainly to excite the 
vigilant and anxious joaloufy of a free people, 
kven a new and unprecedented courfe of ac- 
tion h the whole L^gi/Ijturgf without great 
and evident ronfon, may be a fuhjcfl of juft 

iineafmefs." • 

«« It b true that the Peers have a great in- 
flnr ncc is the kingtiom, finJ in evei7 pjrt of 
the public concerns. W hile they are n^en of 
property, it is impi i'iblc to prevent ir, ex- 
cept by (tM'h mean*; as muft prevent :.ll pro- 
p^ny from its n.^iurai oj>cr.iri«m ; an event 
iicl '•.-^fi'.y to be conip^^ii'^U while pro^>erty ip 



« % 



F(r a particular Dijcrt^'t.on cf Bu 



power ; nor hy snf mi/ms to h§ noised f while 
the le^fi notion cxifts of the method by which 
.the fri'rit of liberty a^, and of the means by 
which it is prcfervod.*'— 

" Nothing would be more unworthy of 
this nation, than with a mean and mecbaoical 
rule to mete out the fplendour of the Crown. 
Indeed/ 1 have found very few pcWons dif- 
pofed to fo ungenerous a procedure." 

Condemning the idle profecution of 
Mr. Wilkes, and not believing that his 
immoral charafler was the rtal^ though 
it was the P^etendti^ ground of Ujs pu- 
nifhment, Mr. Burke fays, 

" When I fee that, for years together, ftiU 
as impious, and perhaps more dangerms 
writings to religion, and virtue* and order, 
have not been punifhed, nor their authors 
difconntenanced ; that the mod aedacions if- 
htli on R'^fal M^effy have pafled withotit no* 
lice I that the moft trt^f&Mhle inve^ves a- 
gninil the /otvi, Uherilet^ and e^^iturin of 
the country, have not met with the flighted 
animadverfion t I muft confider this as a 
(hocking and (bannelefs pretence. Never did 
an envenomed fourrility againft every thing 
facred and civil, public and private, rage 
through the kingdom with fuch a furious and 
unhridled licence." ' 

Speaking al>out reforming the Parlia- 
ment, &c. M'. Burke has thcfc words : 

" If 1 wrote merely to pleafe the popular 
palate, it would indeed be as little trouble- 
fome to me as to another to extol thofe re- 
medies fo fnmons in fpeculalion, but to which 
their grcalcft admirers have never attempted 
fcrioufly to'refort in pra6lice.*'— 

And then he goes on to exprcls his dif. 
approbation of a place-bill, or of a trien- 
nial parliament. Again, in another place, 
on the fame fubje6V, he fays, 

" Our Conflitutioo (lands on a nice equi- 
poifc ; with fteep precipices and deep w;ticr$ 
upon all fides of it : in removing It fitwn a 
dangerous leaning tow.-^rds one fide, there 
may be a rifk of ovcrfcitinj: it on the other. 
Every project of a material chnnge in a go- 
vernment fo compUcatcd as ours, comhined 
at the faft\e time with extern d circumftanccs 
dill more complicated, is a matter full of 
difficulties ; in which a conliderjte man will 
not be too reatly to decide ; a prudent nwn 
too ready to undertake ; or an honeft man 
too ready to promife. They do not refpe^St 
the puhlick nor thennfclves who eng<<ge (or 
more than tlicy are fnrc that ihey ought to 
attempt, or tli t they ai'c aWc in perfonn. 
Thcfc are my fentiments, weak perhaps, hut 
honed nnd unbiafTed; and fuhmiiteil entirely 
to the opinion of gru-e n)A, wc!l-afie<^ed 
to the Conl^itu:;on of their country, and of 
experience in w!;a: may be ft promtjte or 
hurt it."— 

rghopc Houfc, in P;a:c 1. Jcr p. 787. 



I 



lygi'] Thrcckingham /» Lincolnfhire defcribii'/ 

PLAT£ I. rtprefeDts Burghope 
House, (he (eat of the Gooderes 
iQ Hertford (hi re : from in original draw- 
ing by our friend Mr. Walker. 

Abditions to Thrbbkingham *. 
[A f^irui of tbi Church in our next,'] 

Richard South, born* here in January, 
1750, was remarkable for his early 
xninhood and (Irengih. At (ix \ears of 
age he could carry with cafe twenty Aone 
^veighty of i^\K per i^oov, and increafed 
in Arength until he wa;» twelve years of 
age ; aner which he was no more re* 
markable than other people. He was 
living in London in 1787, and in go.^d 
health. His father rc'ided in this vi..age 
many years, following the buiinefs of a 
taylor, and died at al>out the age oif 
eighty years. He liad feven wives, ail of 
whom he furvivcd. 

In the Sau:li wall of the chancel, be* 
fore 15 was repaired laft, 1789, grew a 
large quantity of tlic herb Polypody^ or 
Oak Ft'-nt a plant nor ufually found in 
this part of the country. 

Infcription on the mural marble mo- 
sumcnt in this church : 

This Monument is eredled 

to the Memory of William Fyshir, 

elilsd Sun of Francis and Susannah, 

who dyed the 6th of Oi^ober, 1675, 

in the 33d Year of his Age. 

Alfo to the Memory of his 

Brotlier, Robert Fyshkb, 

and Elizabrth his Wife. 

Elizabeth dyed June i6lh, 1710, 

• aged 5 1 Years j 
Robert, Fcbiiwiy 14th, 1711-12, 
aged 61. 
With 5 of their Children, who died young, 

viz- 
William, Octavian, Susawnah, Da- 
niel, and M ARv. 
Alfo Lucy, who died May the 25th, I710, 
in the i^\\ Year of her Age. 

Copy of a paper in the church cheft : 

•* Lincoln : ' , 

" A true and perfect terrier of all the 
bnildings, homeHallsf, glebe, tithes, cnf- 
toms, furplus fees, church furnitnre, clerk's 
wages, &c. belonging to th& vicarage of 
Threekingham cum Stow, in the deanary ef 
Aveland. Taken June the a6, An'o D'ni 
1713. 

" Imprimis, Vicarage-houfe walled with 
Aone and thatch'd Xt only one hay, having 
one ctiafflber over it, no out-houfes, home- 
Aali contains but twenty perches, Rich*d 



♦ See Gent. Mag. vol. LIX. p^i5. 
f Home-clofes, or paddocks. J Tiled, 1780. 
Gent. Mag, September, 1791, 



793 

Wynn, Efqr. Eaft and Weft, Robert Tiihbr^ 
Efqr. North : glebe land none befides tho 
church-yard and chappell-yard of Stow, and 
one cow-common and follower * belonging 
to the vicarage- boufe. • 

** Eailer roll-dues are, for every perfon 
above fixteen years of age, as a communi- 
cant, twopence; churching, feven pence ( 
a marriage without licenfe, two (hillings and 
fix pence, with licenfe, five (hillings ; bu* 
rial, fix pence, where no mortuaries are due s 
mortuaries due according to the adl of Hen* 
8th. 

" Tithes. Every millh cow calving within 
the year, two pence ; if barren, one penny $ 
the tenth of pigs, ducks, chickens ; the tenth 
alfo of all honaef^alls mown and reaped { thm 
tenth of fruits, likewifp of orchards. Sec. $ 
each fire-hearth, three pence ; every Eaftep 
two eggs due for a cock, and three for ever/ 
hen ; and wooU due every tenth fleece, aifd 
likewife every tenth lamb : it being fo long 
fince wool! and lamb have been taken in 
kind, that we can give no more particular 
account of tlie manner of tithing them. 

" No penfion nor ftfaft charged upon this 
vicarage. 

" No land nor money given for the re- 
pairs of the church. 

" Church furniture is a communion table^ 
three bells, a Bible, a Book of Homilies, and 
Common Prayer-BooK, furplice. — Commu- 
nion plate, a filver flagon and fdver chalice, 
both weighing four pound, Troy weight, 
with tliis infcription : " In memoriam Gu- 
lielmi Fyftieri asterna* pV iingulari rerum 
fciefUix morumq; in omnes iutegritate, fiui- 
viiate, memcria digni, ego Deo confecror. 
1676." * ' 

'« Clerk's wnges, four nobles p* anQunvf 
for fui phis waftiing, one fliilling p* time, this 
paid by the churchwarden 1 for every mar^. 
riage, one (hilling ; grave in th« church, two 
(hillings and-fix pence ; grave making in the 
church-yard, and bdl ringing, one (hilling 
and four pence { churching, fix pence. 

" Note, that the clerk is appointed bf the 
vicar. 

" Every inhabitant adjoining the church- 
yard repairs his part ; tlie reft is repaired bf 
the parUh.'* 

The above account, with rtfptEt to 
the tithes, agrees with the endowment 
as related by Biftiop Wells f, in tbe firft 
inftitutioo of incumbents, A D. is09s 
hut now, fince the inclofure of Stow, in 
this parifli, A.D. 1768, the vicarage U 
cliieflv land. Before ^he Di(rolucion of 
Mon arteries, this living was appropriattd 
to Burton Lazarst, co. Lciccfter, 7 Ed- 
ward 111 ||. 

Mr. Gough hts moft certainly made a. 

♦ Calf. t See below. 

} Bacon's Eaon. || Taooer's NotUia. 

« miiUke 



794 Thr^kidghairi h Lincoliiflitr^ iefirihii. [Sept. 

niHhike in faying that the true name it charter 51 Henry III*. From here the 

Screkingtob, as the Village of Scrcking- road continuet pretty ftraight over a 

ton* or ScredtngtoUi it a diftinft phice of fmall runlet oF water, o?er which U a 

itfeif, and fuoated about three milct (Hf- foot-bridge^ ftitl called Slreit^kridgi i 

tint: a name it has borne more than 300 then up by Scmpringham mint, about 

jears, as appears by an infer iption on a 300 yards Weft of it» over a high bill* 

comb in that church. , whereon wat a beacon, part of the poll 

Your correfpomkot's notice, T0I. LIX. dill remaining, on which hangs a gate 

p. 707, of the three flone coffins prefcrv- acrofs the lane ; fo to Grayby along the 

ed btre not being of that hi(!h antiquity turnpike-road leading to London, leaT« 

which tradition gives them, I have rea* ing Folltingham and Adackby to the 

iotk to think right; as, upon cleaning Weft; then by Ringflon ruins it turns 

^bedin from the letters upon one of the off a little Weflvvard from the prefent 

)jds, when removing them laft year into turnpike through a wood, leaving plain 

the church, for better fecurity, by deiire veftiges of it now to be fecn, to Siaiu^ 

of D. Douelas, Efq. of Folkingham* ftUt which bears its nnme* tod where 

the words HU intumuUtur Johannes^ I there is every appearance of a Romaa 

read thereon, without a doubt ; and 1 ftation, by the Urge number of coins 

find ♦ a Johsiyncs de Trekingham, mis- frequently thrown up by the plough* 

fpcU T'ri'.7p:/0ff, was Ihcriff of ihiscoun- g^d the apparent foundations ftitl re- 

ty A.D. 1 334, who is not unlikely to be mainin;!, and alfo not unlikely to be the 

the very perlon there entombed. It is Causenne, which has furniftied vari- 

a-fo a remarkable circumftancc, that one qus opinions, every author fixing it at a 

Waller, and one Robert, of this town f, different place. This place is not more 

Kprcfcnted this county in Parliament, than 30 miles South of Lincoln. From 

confitlering the fmaliccfs of the place, and |,crc the road continues almoft f^raight 

theic being no pofitive proof of its hav- ^^ Bourn, running a little to the Weft 

ing bet n much inoxc populous than at ©f the cattle foundations, then to Bar- 

prefent. flon drain, crollTng it where the prefent 

About 15c yards to the Eaft of the turnpike does, fo to the WelJ and near 

church runs a Roman road, fuppofcd VV eft Deeping to Water Newton, wherr 

the fifth iter of Antoninus. This itn, \i again tnkcs the High Dyke. 

reckoning from Lincoln, fcpaiatcs from Another Romari road croflcs iht a« 

the High Dyke ar about a mile diftant bove at this villajjc (Threckingham), 

from that place, and paffcs Weft of the though Mr. Gough, in his Britannia, 

villages of Br^nflan, Dunaon. M'-ihcr- fuppofes it to take ihc lad to SIcaford, 

ingham, and Blankney, EaM of Stop- turning to Ancafier, and then to the 

witk, Afbby, and BJ»»xhjm, \\\[\ of Ihflifca; but that cannot be. The vcf- 

Dorrington and Rulkingion, Eirt of jig^j ^f \^ j„ general are pretty plain 

Xelhngham and t'oe town of New Siea- „ow to be fcen. Jc came bv the Reman 

ford, through Old Sleaford (v^here was ^ay from Ely and Wilbcach to Spalding 

a Roman fortification 5 and manv coins by Donington to i5riggend cauleway, 

are frequently dug up there), Eift of croHing Carfdikc near Swaton, where, 

Willoughby, -along a road called A/a/- ©n the Noah fide, the road is a pcrfeft 

kamiane, m a dire^ line to this village, tumulus yet unopened; thence to this 

Ihence to Stow-green-hill by the foun- villaj>e, continuing in nearly a ftraight 

daiions of an old chapel, where a great ijne towards the High Dyke at Cold- 

fair is annually held for cattle and all haibour. Upon Ropfley heath it paffiS 

kinds of tradelmen's goods on July 4, by a place containing a great many 

betides another on the 15th and I ith of foundations, and fccms once to have 

June for horfeionly. Thefe fairs, it i» been wailed about j it covers about 40 

thought, were both as one, and for- acres of ground, and is very likely to 

merly held the whole time of the inter- bave been a Roman ftaiion, by its htu- 

mediaie daysi and a toll is Hill paid for tion upon this road, j«nd the beautiful 
kit carriages which happen to pafs over winding valley to Ancafter, by which a 

the bill between the above days, June whole legion of foldiers might pats ua*. 

15 and July 4, in each year. A fair feen. Tradition calls this place the 

was granted to the monaftcry of ^em- Crainge and Roll-tc^n. From Cold- 

pringham, to be held at this place, by harbour the way conimues to the Wit- 

■ " ■ "'"'. ' ■' ' ^r- . ■ h*un, croiCng that river at a place nowr 

« White's Catalogue, princM 1779. ' ■ 

t Ibid. ^ ♦ Tauner's Noliiia. 

called 



1 7 9 » • ] Ccrfa 'n M tbtd of Sfcavtrlng Lta4 in fFimi 



795 



called Silters ford, from the people in mean* of rht faid Uquor prthmihous, tht 
the Salt trade paffing there from Wig- part of the vrioe cleared o^f by flanding 
toft and its neighbourhood to the Weft will, on being faturated withalixivious 



of England i from here the rold went 
forwards to the Irifli Tea. 
OnxiMtrs of Chief Manor, and great 
Fart »/ tbi Efiati. 
1641, Earl of Lincoln, Theophilus. 
1676, Richard Wynn, efq. and fa- 
mily, till 

1789, Sir Gilbert Heathcote, bart. 
by purcbafe. 

CT0 hi cwlinutd.) 

The EASIEST and most certain 

MtTHOD OF DISCOVERING LEAD 

IN Wines, 

Litpxig, JuHi I. 

T^KE oyfler-ihells and brimftone, 
of each equal parts, well powderedy 
mix them, and put the mixture in a cru- 
cible loofely covered, and to be placed 
in a blading furnace ; light the fire, and 
fopn incrcafe it to a high degree of heat, 
till the crucible hat been red-hot (in- 
clining to whiteneft) for a quarter of an 
hour. Let the matter cool, and, well 
powdered, keep it for ufe in a welU 
iU>pped glaft bottU. 

in making the defired liquor^ two 
drami of this earthy liver of fulphur, 
and three drams of powdered cryftalsof 
tarur, are to be mixed in a ft rone glafs 
bottle, exaQly flopped, with lixteen 
ounces of common water, prepared for 
the ufe by boiling it for an hour, and 
letting it cool. Shake the mixture from 
time to time for fome hours, and then 
fuffer it to depofit ihe turbid ifppuriiies, 
and to acquiie a limpid clearnels. 

Tbit limpid liquor ought to be pour- 

I* ^ki«*a ^v * ^ 



fait, becdme again turbid and dark- co- 
loured if it contained the leaft portioa 
of iron dilTolved in it. 

Samuel Hahnemann, M.O. 

Discovert or the Madawqwts. 

(CoMtiuMtd fr^m ^.536.} 

Mr. Urban, ^^guft 13* 

IT was my intention to lay before 
your readers fome few additional par- 
ticulars refpe^ing this fubje£^ ; but, as 
they are»moflly collateral proofs to what 
has been already advanced, I thought 
it heft to curtail the account, and to 
conclude with an outline of the Hiftory 
of the Madawgwys, in hopes that your 
American correfpondents will be able, 
at a future period, to add fome things 
that may farther elucidate the matter. 

In the year 1170, Madawg, a young- 
er fon of Owen Gwynedd, Prmce of 
North Wales, obferving a continual 
firife reien amongft his brethren for a 
fcanty inheritance of barren rocks, de* 
termined to try his fortune in fearch of 
a more peaceful country *. He accord- 
ingly, fitted out two (hips, and failed 
Weft ward, and difcovered the Southera 
fhores of North America, as the event 
has proved. Leaving pait of his foU 
lowers there, he was enabled providen* 
tially to return to Europe; and, on re« 
prefenting to his countrymen what had 
happened, fo many of them were in* 
duced to (hare in his enterprize, that, in 
his fecond emigratioa, he failed, nearly 
in the fame diredion, with ten ihips 
completely filled, but without being fo 
fortunate as to fail-in with thofe be had 



ed into fmall phials, of the capacity of 

an ounce, after twenty-four drops of left behind in his firft voyage f. There 

marine acid, or fpirit of fea fait, have are good grounds to alTert that Madawg, 



been thrown into each of them. Shake 
them, and, accurately flopped with a 
mixture of wax and turpentine, keep 
for ufe. 

If the liquor, thus prepared, be mix- 
ed with three parts of a wiite, prefumcd 
to be adulterated, the latter will remain 
entirely clear and limp*d if it was pure 
and fret from any hurtful metal, or if 
it contained only iron, the mod falutary 
of the mcfaU} but becomes immediately 
black if it be impregnated with the lealt 
taint of lead or copper. Even a fingle 
^rain of lead, diflblved in four pints of 
wine, will occafion a dark cloud on 
pouring m a few d.ops of this liquor. 

The mifchievous metal being precipi- 
tated to the bottom •f the vcfTel by 
3 



in this fecond voyage, feil-in with the 
coaft of the Carol tnas ; for the firft dif* 
covery of the defcendantt of that emi* 

irration was made by the Rev. Morgan 
[ones in 1685, who found them, or at 
e<ift a party of them, up Pontigo river. 
In confequence of the European colo* 

nies fpreading over that country, or for 

■ 

• Wliat is here but juit mentioned may be 
feen at large in Dr. Williams's Enquiry con- 
cerning the firft Difoovery of America. 

f From fevend circiimftances, 1 am led to 
conclude that thofe who were left, in the firft 
voy:ige, mixed with the Mexicans: thaC 
there are a people of this dercripcion in that 
c6iintry is certain, from the obfervattons 
made by a gentleman of North Britain who 
lofl^ reijdfd ihcrei lately recurned to Europe. 

lu;ue 



796 



Inter efttng Particulars $ftbe Wclfli Indians* [Sept. 



fom^ther caufei, they removed up the 
country to Kentuckvy where evident 
traces of them have been lately found \ 
fuch as the ruins of forts, ^liillftooes, 
earthenware, and other things. It is 
prefumed that, as their fituation there 
was feclnded, and not liable to be mo« 
IcAed, they left it only in confequence 
of difcovcrtng a more inviting country \ 
and none could be more fo than where 
they 6nally fettled. 

The centre of the country of the Ma- 
dawgwys, and where their villages are 
mod numerous, is about 38 degrees 
North latitude, and 102 degrees Well 
longitude from London ; but they ex- 
tend (poffibly in detached communitirs) 
from about n degrees North latitude, 
and 97 degrees Weft longitude, to 43 
degrees North latitude, and 1 10 degrees 
Weft longitude. The general name of 
Cymry is not loft amongft them, though 
they call themfelves Madmwgwys, Ma- 
^ogiauff Ms^agiaiMtf and' Mad§gioHi 
names of the fame import, meaning the 
people of Madawg : hence the French 
travellers in Louitiana have called them 
Padoutas, Matocaniis, and other names 
hearing a timilitude to what they call 
therofelvcs, and by which they are 
known to the native Indians. 

From the country of the Mat/swgwjs 
fome of the rivers run Eaftward, and 
others to the Weft ; by the former they 
come into the Miflburi, and fo into the 
JMilfifippi, bringing with them ikins, 
pickled buffalo tonguet, and other arti- 
cles, for traffick; and by the latter they 
have a communication with the Pacific 
Ocean, from a great falt-water lake in 
their countryv'down the Oregan, or the 
great river of the Weft, through the 
i) raits of Juan de Fuca, and other 
openings. 

The charaQer of thcfe infulated Cam- 
brians, who are a numerous people, is, 
that they are very warlike i are more 
civilized than the Indians ; live in large 
Tillages in houfes built of ftones ; are 
commodioufty clad^ ufe horfes in hunt- 
ing; they have iron, of which they 
make tools, but have noftre>arms ; and 
they navigate the lake in large piraguas. 
Their government is on the feudal fyf- 
tem } and their princes are confidcred 
at the dire£^ defccndants of Mae/aivg, 

The above is an abftra£t of accounts 
eiven by different people, all agreeing 
)n particular^-, and who had not the pol- 
fibiliry of being conne£lcd ; fo that, if 
the wotld ftiould deem Madawg's emi- 
gration too wondtrful to be ciediicdi 



yet it would be full as extraordinary, 
that there ihould be fuch coincidence m 
the various narratives, fuppoftng.it were 
falfe. But in order to eftablifii the mat- 
ter fully, and to procure information, 
it is in agitation to form a plan, fQp- 
ported by Tubfcription, for fending over 
one or more perfons properly quali^ed ; 
and it is to be hoped that many of your 
leaders, Mr. Urban, will be ready (o 
concur; and, fuppoftng that (hould be 
the cafe, they might make known their 
intentions to you, if it would not be 
trefpalfing too much to give you the 
trouble, William Owen. 



Mr. Urban, PentonffilU, Aug. 14. 

I HAD fome time ago been told that 
the Rev. Mr. Jofliua Thomas, of 
Leominfter, in Herefordlhire, w^s pof* 
feftcd of fomc information refpedting the 
Welfli Indians in America: I according- 
ly wrote to that gentleman, and defired 
him to favour me with what intelligence 
he'was able to give me on this fubje£t, 
and, in a few days, received from him a 
very obliging letter ; of which the foi* 
lowing is an extra£t : 

• " Liomm/fer, ymly 30, 179 1. 

*' The Rev. Thomas Jones, of Nottage, 
in the county of Glamorgan, went to Ame- 
rica in 1737. His fon Samuel was then three 
years df age. He gave him a liberal educa- 
tion in Philadelphia, where he took the de- 
give of D.D. He (Dr. Samuel Jones) wrote 
lately to the Rev. Mr. William Richards, of 
Lynn, in Norfolk. In tliat letter he. iay$, 
fpeaking of the Madocian Indians, ' the find- 
ing of them would be one of the moft joyful 
things to roe that could well happen. I tlrfhlc 
1 ftiould immediately go among ihem, tho* 
I am now turned of fifty-five ; and there are 
in America Welfti preachers ready to fet ouC 
to vifit them as/ooii as the way to thtir coun- 
try is difcuvered.' 

<' The Rev. Morgan Edwards, A.M. went 
over to Philadelphia in 1 761. He is a native 
of Monroouthftiire. In a letter 1 had from 
him, dated Newark, in Pennfylvania, July 
t5> 17^^* he fays, in your book (Hanes y 
Bedyddwyr) you take notice of tlie Wel(h 
tliat emigrated with Madoc ap Owen Gwy- 
nedd to America in tlie year 1 170. One Mr. 
Jolm Filfun has lately (17 84) publiftied a 
t>ook, intituled, Ibe Difnveiy, SettUmtnf^ 
and preftnt State #/" Kmiuciy { wherein, after 
mentioning the dory cX Madoc, lie has thefe 
words : * This account has at feveral times 
drawn the attaitinn of the world ; but, as no 
veiliges of them (tlie Welih) had thett been 
found, it was concluded, perhaps too raftily, 
to be a fable, or, at leaft, thiit no remains of 
the colony exifted ; but of late years the 
WciUra ieUiers have received frf^nent ac- 
counts 



I79I-] JnttTtft'mg PartitMkiu o/tbe Welfli Indian*. 



797 



coonts of a nation at a great dUlance up the 
Miflbori (a branch of the Millifippi), in man- 
,ilbrs and appearance refembling otlier Indi- 
ans, but fpeaking Welfb, and retaining fome 
ceremonies of the Chriftian worlhip ; and at 
length this is univerfally believed to be fadt 
Captain Abraham Ch^tplain, of Kentucky (a 
gentleman whofe veracity may be entirely 
depended upon), aiTured me that, in the late 
war, being with his company in garrifon at 
KaflcaikJi fome Indioni came there, and, 
fpeaking the WelQi language, were perfe^ly 
^underftoody and converfed with, by two 
Welibroen in his company; and that they 
informed them of their (kuation as mention- 
ed aboTe.' Thus far iranfcribed out of Mr. 
Filfon*s book. Then Mr. Morgan Edwards 
proceeds : * The faid MifTonri river is faid to 
ran a courfe of 3,000 miles before it falls in- 
to the MiHifippi. Kentucky was difcovered 
by one fames M^Bride in 1754. Since the 
peace, abundance of people have emigrated 
thither. This country was certainly inhabited 
by white people many years ago, as appears 
by the remains of two regular fortifications^ 
the plowing op of broken earthenware, a 
pair of millitones, &c. all which were un- 
known to the Indians. Mr. Fdfon afcnbes 
them to the WelQi, who removed from 
thence to the Milfouri, as he fuppofes.' Thus 
fir Mr. Morg.-m Edwards. As this is a new 
af^r, or rather a fubjeA long and deeply 
buried in oblivion, and of late thus raifed up, 
I can fay no more to it of any importance. 1 
lave h^u*d fome hints of Wehh people being 
aboiu tlie Miflifippi about fony years ago ; 
and fome other hints, of no ufe now, becaufe 
I do not perfe^y remember the particulars 
and authority of tbcro. 1 am, &c. 

" Joshua Tho#cas.*' 

In addition to the above account of 
Kir. Thomas, I here add a paflagc from 
hit Haiies y Btdyddwyr, i. e. The Hif- 
tory of the Baptills in Wales : meationcd 
above. It is as follovvi i 

" Mac amryw awdwyr yn f6n am y Cym-* 
ry hynny (yn America). Mae*r geiriau can- 
lynol mewn llythyr o Philadelphia, oddiwrth 
Mr. Reynold Howels at Mr. Miles yn 1752 : 
* Cafwyd allan yr Indiaid Cymreig, y raaent 
yn by w y tu gorllewin i'r afon fawr Miifi* 
fippi.'* (Preface, p. 18). in Englilh thus : 
** Many authors mention this WclQi nation 
(in America). The following words are in 
a leuer from Mr. Reynold Howels to Mr. 
Miles ; plated at Philadelphia in' 1752 : ' The 
' \VeUh Indians are found out ; they are fitu- 
ated on the Weft fule of the great river Mif- 
fifippi."' 

You perceive, Mr. Urban, that all 
accounts agree in placing thefe people 
Weft of the Miifififipi, It is very pof- 
fible that fome of your readers know 
nothing of them hut what hit appeared 
of late in you,r Magazine \ but if (hey 



will be pleaied to look into Mr. War* 
riogton's Hiftory of Wilety p. 307 of 
the fecond edition, they will fee there 
an account of the difcovery of America 
in the year 1170, by Madoc, or Madog, 
youngeft Ton of Owen Gwynedd, Prince 
of North Wales } the occalion of hit ex- 
pedition, and the colony that he planted 
theic. See alio Wynne's Hiflory of 
Wales, pp. 195, 196, id edit.; and 
Owen's Britilh Remains^ printed in 
i777» P* >03) &c. Ice; and all thofe 
accounts, with many others, in a well- ^ 
written pamphlet*, lately publiflied bf 
the Rev. Dr. Williams, of Sydenham. 

The infertion of this in your next 
Magazine will obliee many of your 
Welfli readers as well as, 
- Yours, &c. Edward Williams* 

P. S. I jcan truly fay with the Rev. 
Mr. Thomas, that I have, ever (ince I 
remember, heard many anecdotes of 
thofe Wellh Indians; of their having 
been difcovered occafionally by traders, 
milfionaries, foldiers, &c. ; but I am 
not able to recolle£t enough of the par* 
ticulari of thofe relations : they are 
confequently of very little authority; 
and I mud not difguft your readers with 
fuch things. Yet I cannot helpobferv- 
ing, that thofe little anecdotes, though 
of obfcure origin, when they fo accu« 
mulate as to become the untvcrfal re« 
port of a country or peofjle, are worthy 
of fome notice.— Mr. Owen and myfelf 
had an opportunity lately of confulting 
Mr. William Pritchard, bookfcUer and 
printer, of PhtiadclpHia, who is now, 
or lately was, in London, about the 
Welfli Indians. He told us, that he 
had often heard of them, and that they 
were, in Pennfylvania, univerfaily be- 
lieved to be very far Weftward of the 
Milfifippi, and that he had often heard 
of people that had been aroongft thcoi ; 
but the moil paiticular account that he 
had received, was what he heard withia 
thcfe very few years of Dr. Samuel 
Jones (who is mentioned in Mr. Jolhua 
Thoroa&'fe letter). He knows n^^v, he 
fays, feveral in Pennfylvania who h4ve . 
been amongft thofe Indians { and it ve- 
ry a£tive at prefent in that country in 
endeavouring to obtain all ttie infonna* 
tiun polTiblcon this curious iubjedj and 
fays chat, if he Ihould be but a very lit- 
tle aifiOcd, he would immediately viltt 
thofe Welfli tribes. E W. 

• Imiinled, " Ati Enij-iiry concerning tlie 
firft Diicovery of America by the Europe- 
ans, &c By iho Rev. John WUliam?, D.b." 

Syl- 



798 TiMiU ^ihi Qpiker6*^-i>r. Johnfon and Mrs. KoowIes« [Sept. 



» I 



Stlvanvs Urban* Aug. 20. 

I HAVE in my poflieffioii a copy of an 
extract 9f a leuer from a celebrated 
literary female to a Biographer of Dr. 
Johnfon, containing bir account of the 
dirpute between the Do^or and M. 
Knowles, of which another relation is 

fiven in the Gentleman's Magazine for 
une la(V. As fome particulars relative 
to the principal fubjed^ of the difpute 
arc mentioned in the abovefaid letter, it 
nay not be improper to infert that part 
of it in a future Magazine ) and I 
therefore (bbjoin it, for that purpofe. 

Permit me now to make a few remarks 
on the Salopian corrcfpondent's illiberal 
reflexions on a peaceable fe^ of Cbrif" 
tuns, of whofe real principles and te- 
nets he appears to be in the darkcft ig- 
norance j an ignorance which, I doubt 
not, will plead his excufe with the ma- 
jority of thofc he has fo unjuftly at- 
tacked. 

From the bigoted malignity of his 
flri£lures, I ftrongly fufpeft he is as 
much " chafed** with the reading of the 
dialogue, as the good Do£ior himfclf 
was m his weak and pce?iib fupport of 
his part of ii| for weak, indeed, are 
t^tn Colof^ Orengthand learning, when 
thev aflail the impregnable bulwarks of 
italon and of truth. 

It has ever been, and I truft ever will 
l)e, a maxim with me, to make mvfelf 
fully acquainted with the grounds ot the 
perfuaitoo and pra6^ice of another, be- 
lore i either condemn or approve : and 
I am thoroughly convinced it is a maxim 
VMhich,if more generally adopted, would 
prevent much h-uitlcfs and unproBtable 
contention among the proftflbrs of 
Chriftianity. Had this been attended 
to by W. C. I am certain there would 
have been no caufe for this reply ; bur, 
jt vutt decipif diiipiatur t and there is a 
certain air of High Church authority 
and domination pervading the whole 
letter, which abfolutely precludes en- 
quiry, and, with anaflt£lation of fov«- 
reign contempt, exchanges candid re- 
fearch for groundiefs ailcrtion, or wilful 
mifreprefeotation. What kind of Qua- 
kers this doughty polemiik has met 
with, or by what arguments he contrives' 
10 have them fo ** properly dealt 'with^** 
I cannot dcvife ; but 1 am bold to tslTert, 
th^ it is utttrly impoHible lor him, or 
any other vcdtHanical fnphiA whatever, 
let his acutenefs be what it may, to 
ellablifli a fingle proof of the mo& re- 
ti)<)te leodcnc) 10 Dtifm in the dodlrines, 
teoecs, or prM^iccs, oi the ^ topic called 



Quakers* I am equally ready to affert 
and proTC, that there is no body of 
ChriAians, whofe care is more uniform- 
ly extended to lay the foundation of the 
religion and education of all its mem* 
bers on the facred Scriptures of troth. 
And I have no doubt, if thofe, who 
think to exalt their own opinions by de- 
faming thofe of others, would take the 
pains of a candid and unprejudiced en- 
quiry, they would difcover, that it is 
the humble endeavour, and ardent wifli, 
of the Societv colle^ivcly, to make 
their tenets ana pra£^ice quadrate with 
the divine doctrine and example of onr 
Saviour 'Jefus Chrift, as much as is at- 
tainable in a ftate of human frailty : 
they would alfo clearly fee, that their 
faith, in and through him, the true 
Head of the Church, is the genuine 
fource of their hope and confolation.— 
With regard to the unquali6ed and ab- 
furd aflertion, that " this fubtile Ml 
was originally fyftematiied by the Je* 
fuits," It is aimofl ridiculous to notice 
it : but I call upon him to prove it, by 
any hiftorical or other evidence what- 
ever. It is not my wi(h or intention to 
defend my principles by comparifon 
with thofe of others ; but I appeal to 
the impartial readers of the Gentleman's 
Magazine, for their decifion, whether 
or not the profeflion and pra£tice of the 
people called Quakers have been inju- 
rious ro the religious and moral intereBs 
of fociety in general ?— I am afraid the 
prefent fiate of this country is not par* 
ticularly favourable to the propagation 
of a (imple and pure religion, free from 
the modern pageantry of the Romifh 
and other churches j W. C. may there- 
fore be affured, there is no great ne- 
ctlfity for republiihing the mul^y pole- 
micals of a Gittins or a Lcflie, whofe 
*' Snake in the Grafs" was well (witched 
near a hundred years fince. 1 can alfo 
alTute him, that the reveries of the 
Quakers, as. he it pleafed to fiyle them, 
aie as oppofite to thofe €»f the Swcdea- 
borgians as light is to daiknefs.— 'iTo 
conclude : I refer to the unerring cri- 
terion and touchflone of every oidcr of 
profcflors, *• by their fruits ye ihall 
know them." 

A Confiaml Kecder tf tht G. M. 

Extras of a Letter Jrom S. /o B. 

« YOU a(k me for the minutes I once 
made of a cei tain converfation w htch pafleil 
at Mr* DiHy'$, in a literary p'lity, and m 
\\ hich Dr. Johnfon tltfpiiteil to w armiy with 
Ifin* Knowies* ^ yuu I'ccm to have an idea 

Ok 



i 

1791.3 A C$mirt u ^imfnu-^^CirmoHj of Confirmatm] 799 



of. ioTerting their difpute in yoor madltated 
worky the Lifs of Dr. Johnfon, it is necef- 
brf that fomething fhould be known con- 
cerning the young perfon who was the fub- 
jedl of it. Mils Jenny Harry was, for ihe 
is ao more, the daughter of i rich planter 
hi the Wefl Indies, who fent her to Eng- 
land, to receive her education inthehoufe 
oC his friend Mr. — -, where an ingenious 
Qiiaker lady> Mrs. Knowles, was Tir^uently 
a vifitor. This gentleman aiiedled wit, and 
was perpetually rallying Mrs. K. on the fub- 
je^ of her Quaker principles, in the pre* 
fence of the young, gentle, and ingenuous 
Mifs Harry ; who, ac the age of eighteen, 
had received what is called a proper and po- 
lite education, witliout being inftru^ted in 
the nature and grounds of her religious be- 
lief. Mrs. K. was often led into a ferious 
defence of her devotional opinions, upoa 
thofe vifits at Bam Elms. You know with 
what clear and graceful eloquence fhe fpeaks 
on every fubje^ The antagontfts were 
ihallow theologilb, and oppofed only a 
pointlefs raillery to duly and kmg-ftodied 
reafoning upon' the precepts of Scripture, de- 
livered in perfuafive accenu and harmonious 
language. Without any delign of making a 
pr^yte, (he gained one. Mils Harry 
grew very ferious, and medicated perpetually 
on all that had dropped from the lips of her 
Quaker friend, till it appeared to her, that 
Qtiakerifm was true Chriftianity. Believing 
this, (he thought it her duty to join (at every 
hazard of woridly intered) that clafs of wor- 
(hipers. On declaring thcfe fentiments, fe- 
veral ingenious Clergymen were employed 
to argue with her; but we all know the 
force of firft imprelfions in theology, and 
Mrs. K's arguments were the firft flic had 
lifteneil to on this important theme. This 
young lady was reafoneJ with, and threat- 
ened, in vain ; (be perfiAed in refigning her 
fptendid expe^ations, (or what appeared to 
her the path of duty. Her father, on being 
maJe acquainted with her change of princi- 
ples, informed her, that (he might chufe be- 
tween one hundred thnufand pounds, with 
his favour, if (he continued a Churchwoman, 
or two thoufand pounds, if (he embraced the 
Quaker tenets. She lamented her father's 
diipleafure, but thanked him for the pecu- 
niary alternative ; affuring him, it included 
all tier wiihes in refpeA to ll&rtune. She 
fooo after kft her g«artlian*s houfe, and 
^>oarded in that of Mrs. Knbwles ; to whom 
(he often obferved, that Dr. Johnfun's djf- 
pleafure, whom (he had often feen at her 
guardian's houfe, and who had always been 
(bo J of her, was annons the greateft mortifi- 
t»s,\iim of her then fituation : and once (he 
came Iiome in tears, and told her friend (he 
had ract Dr. Johnfon in the (Ireei, and had 
▼•mured to alk him how he did, but that he 
would not deign to fpeak to her, and paffed 
fcomfuUy on : (he added, " You and he are 
to meet foon, on ai literary party j plead for 



me.**— Yob remember our all dining together 
at Mr. Duty's, and th^ convtHation after 
dinner began with Mrs. Knowles faying, ' I 
am to entreat thy indulgence, Doaor, to* 
ward a gentle female, to whom thou ufed to 
be kind, and who is very unhappy in the 
lofs of that kindoefi { Jenny Hairy weeps at 
the confdouibeft that thou wik noc fpeak to 
her.* " 

Here follows the account of the Doc- 
tor's furly reply, and of the whole coo- 
yerfatiooi which, I think, differs chieBy 
in manner only from that given in tbt 
Magazine, C. R. 

Mr. Urban, Middkfix, Sept. 8. 

PARTICULAR and proper notice 
was taken, fome few days ago, of a 
Conftant Correfpondcnt's reflexions, p; 
6(9, 00 the Bifliop of London's manner 
of adminiAeriog the Apoftolical rite of 
Confirmation. What this writer feerat 
offended at, as if contrary to the Rubrickt 
others alloW| as confident with it. Ma- 
ny years a^o, at Stow on the Wold, atii 
perhaps other places, in Gtouce(ledbir«» 
the Bifbop of^ the diocefe confirmed in 
the fame compendiovs way. There is no 
recolledion of any perfon's finding fault 
with it, except the brother of an author 
whom the learned Prelate had formerly 
difparaged. This manner of confirming 
is DO more contrary to the Rubrick, than, 
when feveral children are at the fame 
time brought 'to the font (where only^ 
unlefs in 'imminent and apparent danger 
of death, the Rubrick perui^cs them) to 
he baptifed, for the Miniflcr to ufc the 
Baptifmal Office for them all together, 
rather than tedioufly for each feparately, 
which the ffri6teft adherers to the Com- 
mon Prayer-Book have 00 fcruple to for- 
bear. It is indeed rcquifice for the Mi- 
ni fter 'baptifiog to take each child into 
his hands, and for the Bilhup con^rming 
to lay his Viands on the head of every one 
feparately. 

The zeal of our Diocefaa on this im- 
ponant occa(ion was extraordinary. On 
the Sundays immediately before Confir- 
mation, he dire^d a fuiuble exhorta* 
tion to be read in church, preparatory for 
it. Inftantly after folenmly confirming ac 
Hnnmerfmith^, the Right Reverend 
Paffor exerted himfelf admirably, in a 
difcourre of very confiderable length, de« * 
livcrcd extempore, or mfm$r$iir, prcfliog 
fuch as had ratified their hapcifmal vow, 
not to "go their wav, forgetting flraight- 
way what manner of pcrfoos they [con- 



* Here the eminent James Ufher, Abp. 
of Armagh, pFeachtd lus lail iermon. 

(eqXieotly] 



8co Wclfli Indhns.-^Teum GarJins. — Epitaph at Burford. [Sept. 

Irquently] oufiht to be ;" but contiau* ifr and'Imhc are two vtry efTential qaaU- 
ally and comtortably to lead a Chriiiiaii tics id the growth of all piants. His 
aod corrcfpondeDt life. 'Tis hoped that» cuttings which hatre been (et fome time 
on fome at leaft, the earneft and afiec- (Ince (hould now bt removed into pots 
tionate addrcfs will make a laflio^ and iingly by themfelves, there to remain all 
indelible imprcilion. But lamentable is the winter, and in the fpring may be re- 
thc impiety of the age we live in ! Con* moved inio larger pots, 
firroation, and other facred offices, are 
too generally made light of, as little 
things. No judicious perfons (light them, 
because tiiev duly moft regard the eflen- 
lial things figoified and promoted by th« 
right and folemn ufc of them. £u — s. 



Mr. Urban, London^ May 8. 

IT is not my intention to controvert 
what your correfpondent, p. 329, ad- 
vances rcfpcAing *' the fettlement of the produce much better Bowers in opting. 



If he wilhes ta have flowers early, I 
would advife him to fct the feed now (as 
1 intend doing myfelf), and keep them 
in a dry place until about January, then 
expofe them to the weather. If he ob* 
ferves, he will find all felf-fowed feed 
produce much better, much (Ironger, and 
much earlier plants, than thofe fowed in 
the fpring; theicfoie it evidently ap- 
pear^, that feeds fown late in autumn will 



Nladawgwys'* in Aiiirttca ) but only to 
requeft to kiow what dcgiec of credibi- 
lity is due to the evidence advanced by 
^r. Bowles, who, if I miHake nut, came 
down to Penfacola, in We(l Florida, in 
1777 or 1778, in tlic very humb'e flation 
of an Indian packhorfc^ntan, or trader, 
and always fo much afFe£lcd the manners 
and drefs of his colleagues, that he ne- 
ver could be induced even to fpeak £ng- 
li(b, although it was fuppofcd at the 
tim« that he was an liiOiman, of very 
low birth and manners. There are mer- 
chants now in this city, who can, 1 \x* 
lieve, fpeak more particularly concern- 
ing him. I do not tecolle6t that he was 



To all flowers whofe leaves decay away 
after having blown, the root rcmainiDg 
fltll good under ground, he will find 
great brneht by throwing a little good 
loam 00 the top. 

A ClJLTIVATING FlOHIST.* 



Mr. Urban, - Sept> 5. 

BY inferting the following epitaph, 
from Burford church, OxfardOnrc, 
and of which fome corrtfpondeot ir.av 
probal>ly favoui ine with a tianflation,} 
)ou will oblige, P. VV. 

Edmumdus Harmanus, Arm: g