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fpentkmari% Magazine, 

Hiftorical Chronicle. 




Pi«Bliii S Dii 

£ FtBiiam Unsm. 



ttiMiciaSt.y^'sGM, fti-nHiNRYi iiiidfoU\w¥.'HOT«vt, 
tic Corna of St. Ptnl; Cha-it Tard, LUi<M Slr.rt. 


To Mr U R B A N, 

'•!«-• • % 

On compleating the XXXIX/A Vol. of his Magazine. 

^ ; 

HYMirrour, friend Urf an, rcflcftihg the Times, 
S)ii£ws3^Virdomand EqUjCh and-Virtue^andCriipe^s i 
rK?plsyi:of<)ld John aU <he Freaks aodCaprior^ . 
Now JOughiiw: in .VVar« and now fro^vning^in Peace r 

When the Mufc, looking forward, iri time that is paft, 
Hop'd the Sword woald return to the Scabbard at lad. 
And promised, when peaccfull and hloodlefs the Year,* 
To give thee fome V^^a, unfhiin'd with ^ T^ar, • • 
Her Heart was inreameft, Iicr PurpoTe w^s'^kind/ 
But alas ! to the future poor Mortals are blind, 

No AU*kn9winr GoJdtfs^ like Homoi^s, was (he, 

Lefs furefhouid flie promife, till more (he can fee : 
The^Natlons arc hutfiWd; and ihHith'a is the St&l, 
Yet fini wc have Terrors, and Sorrows to' feel ;* 
Not forc*d for a Foe, o>r the Ocean to roam, 
'Tis now our Misfortune to find him at home : 
Be watchful, Friend Urban, bcjufl in the Strife, 
/Tis for more thaa Dominions, or Treasure, or Life | 
'Tis to keep and tranfmit, what our Anceftors gavct 
Still facred alike from the Tyrant and Knave : 
In the Law is our Freedom, and they are our Foes 
Who would ftrctch or contrail, who pervert or oppofe ; 
By Pow'r not aw*d, nor deceiv'd by Pretence, 
Weigh all in the Ballance of JufticeandSenfc : 
Whatever the Mifchicfs o'er Britain thatlow'r, 
. More Honour at leaft tbcy put into your Pow'r, 
Secure it then. Urban, and give us the while, 
What Science can furnifli, oar Cares to beguile ; 
ITiough old, with new Vigour purfuc thy Career, 
The Mag* may be better, as w^rfc is the Year. 

f Sec the Veifes prefi^^cd to Vol. XXXI. 

I' ■ 

■ . i : ■ ■ . - ■■■ ■ \ t 

"^ J-Ttr f'^'^ 




AN Epitome of the contents of this Mifccllany for the lift ycnr, will agjiin 
make the Preface Co the VoIiime> for the reafons which have alretdy been 
fj given, and which there it no neccflitj to repeat. 

January. We begin the year with tile rcritimenti of the prefenr Lord Maiif- 
field, then Mr Murray, concerning tbt legality of civil magi Rrgte» with a mili« 
tary force, when he pfeaded before the Houfe ot Commons in the contelled e- 
legion for Weftmiviter between Lord Trentbam, and Sir George Vandcpwrf, by 
^hich his opiqion apnears to be dire^ljr contrary to all minifterial declarations. 
In January, we alfogare'an ttccbunr'ot« fiifesnd fimple mann^ of inoculadbfi* 
and of a new voyage to the Weft {n«4iet ircurious particulars under the dcle -of 
Huetiana, French impro^emclits ia agricvtture: an account of old Parf, 
from a M. 8. Curious medali pt MeianahoHj with remarics, und alileoHh# 
laic Dr. Samuel Chandler. 

February. Contalntsn account of ■ wonder fnl copper mine in Stafforffthlre. 
Ancedotes of the moft celebrated perftAie in the prefeioEt centui'y, a dilicovery <if 
the horns of an unknown beaft : cffi^Qual remedy to prevent luiut in wheat, and 
a curious account of phrllattM^ary inVrbdions. 

A?RiL. Ancedotesof Mr Benhow, nn unfortunate Ton of *h?T brave Admiral. 
A compariron of Sharp, baretri, and de ia Lanrit:'* acconnrs of Italy $ a deiciip. 
tion of a new invciited hanil-mlll. Short vie* nf Rcih«»ir(bnV hilfory of Chailes 
V. A full account of all matters relative to the MHdlclex clci^ion, and letters 
to and from a diff^^rded miftrfcliL 

May. a genuine account of the laft voyage roubd the world, by an officer on 
board the Swallow. A defcriptibn of a wljocl cinhgc, wlikU. it ovci mined, 
will not endanger the pafTengers. A re-^iflenfarion of \Vk Tramit of Vciuia, 
Remarks on fome late difbovered antiquiticx. \A Mansr.cH :i fvsccli in the I>ou« 
giis caufe, and a curious account of tuilil teeth lound in Aaicijca. 

June. Genui-^e anecdotes of Heyder Ally. An .ncrount of an original Teal 
of Henry V. a great rarity. An etft^lual meihod to dtifroy c.ittr;>»Har5. Hnc* 
tiana continued, an infcrutable cypher, a new ingine for turning fjrews, a new 
method of making fundiats^ and Father Paulian*s account of a^Uone eattr. 

July. Memoirs of Powel, the player. Addrcfs to Grind Juries, leirer frcm 
Mr Onflow to Mr Wilkes, an account of ShikefiJeir'sbiitii. Uuetiana continued, 
and new difcoveries in the art of (hooting flying. 

AvcusT. An account of cruelties cxer^ifed by the fervants of the Baft India 
company in India. Defcription of a machine ihat goes without h-rfeit. A co- 
py of a curious CabaliAical Mandate, diie(Fti<Mi» iiow to yy^wvst iccj^ 'y^^ in a 
ftate of vegetation. Uuetiana continued, miftakes in rhf Peerages of Cn^. ind, 
means to prevent the gout» and adifcription of a new nic engine. 

September. An experiment to fertilize feed wheat. Genuine account of the 
jifchilce at Stratford. Letter from ChuichiJI to Wi'kes, with r«?m^fks, Muf- 
grave's addrefti fl"d D £«:ii'8 aniwrr, an 3ccc?r.niot Mis Lott, burnt for mur- 
der, and Mr Wilkc;s*& character of Lord Chatham. 


-Uib ;--. 

^ R fi P A C fi* 

NorxMDfcR. An accou&t of the c«)l1*tioli, CorreAiony and reVifion of <• . 
Efiglifli text ot the bible at Oxford, a general method of con tt moling Sun- dial ' 
letter from a young lady of faftiion who eloped, a remarkable difcuvery s. 
Cafhell in Ireland ; from Dr Solander, no* on a Voyage round the trorMg t|i( 
r^Keches of Strjeant Whitaker and 8eijeant Giyniia on tbt trial of ^lie great 
caufe of Wilket agaiiift IkhU Halifax, Mid tgnout odcuUttoiii of ttuggchs aod 

Dbcbmber. An account of tbc life of Holland^ the pteyer: defcription of 
the Ibis, a non-defcript. Huetiana continued. A traditional tlory of the king 
and the Tinker. Sketch of the argumeat on Mr Vaughan's cafe, and the Q|9a- 
kcri realbni for not keeping Chrittmas . 

In this Volume will alfobe founH, all juniuyt lettem, copies ^nf thepetiMonfl 
to redrefa grievance*, a regular feries of American tranfa^iioasi a foreign bilto* 
ry, inclu.lmg that o^ the Ruffian war, aa cxa^ regifter o^ domeftic occurences^ 
and Meteorol«)gical Diary ul the weather.^ bafides an account of a great variety 
of book5, amofi^; which »re thoft (iftheatical entertainments, a compleat lift of 
ail the publications fur the year, and a great number of copper plares^ as well foi^ 
ufe as entertainment. 

Many articles mentioned in (hif Epitome, are the contiibutioni of oqr corre- 
fpondentSj to whom, as well as ^o thepubilci we acknowledge our obligation^ 
and the continuance ot whofe favour we. (hall endeavour to defcrve, by ihal di; 
licence and impartiality, which we owe both to ourfelves and to them. 

DIRECTIONS to the BOOKBINDER for placing the Cud^ 

January^ V ie w of the Houfe of Peers Frontirpiecc* 

February^ MifccHancous Plate of Nat. Hiftorjr, to face pjge 64 
Map of the Road from London to Cambridge, &c. 
Marchy Fcrgufon's Plate of Sun-duils 144 

jlprily A Hand Corn- mill 177 

juncy Q^iarto Plate for confirucling Sun-dials 287 

Inftrumcnt (hewing the Hour of the Day and Height of the Sun. 
July^ Place of the Houfe at Strai(^f»rd upon Avon, in which Shake* 
rpcarc was born 3^ 

Augujly K. Henry's Seal, &c. 377 

BlatcL-y's Fire Engine 3^3 

Genuine MapoF Crim Tartary 388 

September, View of the Mafquerade Booth at Stratford 422 

Plate rcprefentinp; a FraiSurc of the Leg 44O 

Navimber^ View of Mount Vefuvius 528 

Dcambery The Ihvs^ with the fuppolcd Reverfe of JC. Hen. Seal 568 
A Map exhibitinj a Degree of Latitude 567 

Supplement^ Brca J Seal of K. James L fc^o 

■ ■ I 







• • 

The Gentleman's Magazine 



JANUARY, 1769. 

C P N T A 

N I N G, 

lige|ic-:DTilingiuuuhLuuif;y,expliinM j-4 
c.ioihe W. I. Iflindi miftcprefcn:ed 4 
K BiuUinefi at Humin Bonet in YtaH 5 
irll^ LetKr on the Demh of rtiWnit b 
• tad Sm pie Manner otfBcculalian ; 
■bimCirSiqiv-tRlliiii; 7-3 

nbfctcloticrhiiiiherontiQJIiiii} life t 
■fAMtiriife Ciwynihii, conoJiKUi! 9 

liofiheTiliieujrdediniheProphed 14 
inAunbifc^rei ia'ihe Billt ^>f Muiujiij 1 s 
«V<ijat:et>] till! Well loJicf la 

MckafKn tndiin Chief /i. 

W pnAU'd br 1 Trench Tn^cr 1 ; 

V psniAiNl upon hii SuccufKir ib, 

WlCem ol an IcalUn lo fuc bii Lih i&. 
niiemUl Udltreranec ufthe Author il 
fUlnaiinnnf a Frencli Coin:ntuUnL 19 
im; orTtxHi;:hf,dnviiU>uiSubj'::ii ib. 
iridic on tlie Wiiiiiipiif Ovid 10 

ilDrrofti.eDetphiiic-.i'i.ui'ttuCliniRi ii 
we Lei'jt fmiii ih.- cJci.Micd P*.)li xa 
■E:ufihi:]aicA)i(lic:i(i'iii ::iAw-^(len aj 
fn«tnrFranFefi>rim|iiuvuij;i\nicult. it. 
ail loAntfiiont foi im|>rotin|' hheep 

MM Bctater Saritte ttiM sup ^neh aftbt Ainti anB Vrici- 

ar.^, Amciicaiu 

■iud poliikil Map of Eurupe 
•UWwd wiib an elesim Vww o 
dK Throne, and theCpM>j(i- 

i.i(.S C' 

Feiiiion to iho King 
An Jecmn tffilJ¥/>t.%, /ran a M 

Harviy'i fjif.nuiiMi ai c^mtg *ir 5;* i'. 
Remarhilil.' f apvr of Koiilftwi^ i 

Oiri:Mi Miiiiii of Mul3i>(1hun, wUh R'miarki j 1 
UeteoiolQpicjl Accuuii uf ihs Wei:Iei jt' 
rbeS;olyol«ailU»:(ti*mDauph;»:r 33 

Genuine Ijiiicr fiom 1 Nibic Luid lu a Bp. 1 ^ 
r.ile of Dt Simu;! Chi«.jler id 

RiTiiw ui Bi'OKs-rlhsaRhis on llu Oil 

pnofGuceniniirlv JK 

— fbe Tts|!edy nf Ziij.jii criticilly reirieiied 41 
— ESiy on ihc Medical \'inuGi of Anidi 44 
~~Ari nf Ltrln;^ in L/^n.loa 4} 

— Obftrvaiiont tn the Fi^undity of Fifliei it,. 

POFTM*!— Trig:ii;hof ihp Atii-Soni; on 
die InHiiuiion of ih- Uoyil Acadtn;)- if Aiti— 
— KubiilU-Sang for her Mtieltj-'t Uiilhd^y 
— Veifei in aCiHiaco— Viltue aiJ PUaftire— 
«Fii;""». &°- 47 

Viift. from Uil/ic— Kanllited - F-rraph J* 


I. C » 


lI<-rL-:;n<llhii. _ 
nep nxuial Calibajse it, 
Mkidleli:xindr.iit<iini {i. Trial of Ki:il=n $z. 
Me^fe ^jm fy.\i Lor Iv of Tirarun to the £ 
1 '.Ii; a-mpiny jj. I.l n, tc. A* afu-l. 
;l-.-'i:o;iSF, of LOR us, vV.-. Hj^Majjcsty uj 

By S r L r J 11 V S V R B J K, 

UN DON, Pr>nc<< i^ 

Sicrttarfs Letter to the Jtifiim cenfiierti. 

•• Th Oecafon of c^Uing for tkt Aid tftkt 
Proofs (without the dehf of a Mc/ntrnt) and 
fi/'utini; them effectually, al.vays p'^tf.nts 
itjt'j, -when the Civil Piwer is tiitlisd witk, 

THIS, fir, is tdtiJtm verbis a derlj ration, 
which ■ Secriitujr of Scftte has thuu^hc 
proper to df liv::r out and n.iincaia in ihc of the Ml hole people of EngUnd. 

How coniiary is this to the fentimcnu of 
Mr M— y, (novr Ld M— d) when pleadiiK* 
befijic the >I<)n. HouC: of Commons in the 
cafe of the comeftrd ele^ioii lor WetlmiiL- . 
Iter, when Losd Tren-.hwn zvA Sir GciHgc 
Vandepui tvere catK^iUates! 

** Troops, ftid Mr Mtirray, (il>*n eouncil 
f'V tlic pciiuoner) 9rc kept up hy ajmu4l 
)Ail% J not for the ajfijianct. if the tivii txa- 
gfi'dte ; diac would be it\ snnuil kecpiin}; up 
of troops for a rcifcfi (hat hits £;r cv«r. 
This willftlll finher appear fjoni ihi\, U»»t 
nt civil wci:i'irttU cJit t:smmand ujfiftaitce f om 
auy body cf trcopt ; and if the law conraered 
them as iiccelftry to afTift hilHy the taw \vou d 
f;ive the civit magifirHte 'omc power (o com- 
mand them there. But when troops do go, 
ihey po b}' virTue of milit-iry authority hik! 
aA thcri! tnder miliury command. Sir, 
rhe authority which the Uvv gives cl« civil 
mapDr^tc in the t*xccution of l(5g«l com- 
iilaadi is ihis : :hcy may command afftft- 
ancc of every man wiihiu their jurifdid^iun : 
every mJin it a conilable for keepmg the 
p<N!ce, and wliat is the confequencc if moo 
(to not o}>ey } llicy arc liable to a profecu- 
tion by indi£!ment, or information, and they 
arc clearly f.) liable. Ktk can any civil n-a- 
%iHrdtt fnJ any ivjrrtVit to the gua*ds T Is 
fi-re pick a tvatrart Aff<^i-« to the kiw ? 
Woulrl any miliury oilicer he ohlrped to rt- 
\i'^y i: ? No, ceriain'y ; for if he did wn, 
liicre cou'd he no pr«;l'f .uiioti ar-«iuA him. 
Wly;revcr they p», thny go by viru'.c of mi- 
lirary authoii-y, but not by i!-.c command of 
the civil mapittra^c, l^caufc they are ii.4hle 
t'> no profccution if ihcy do H"t obey. 
When thf.y arc there, they do n^t nA under 
ihc crril commird < it ihcy did, the only 
c}ifequcnccof aiilbtfhavioui would be, that 
they were liable Co profecution on indiA- 
mmts rr infoin)3iioa«. 

£ut will it ho ronteiKied. that If t body of 
troops «om« ihere, and any one deferts, is 
he nri( liable to be (hot 10 d.^ath, according 
u> milit«Ty difcipline ? If rhe fh^'.iiff was to 
order a fo*dier todoencxhinc., and hisofRcer 
atu^ther, 1 fubmit it to you, if he difobeys 
the officer, whether he muA ikH be tncd by 
a court-manial ! that Ihews they go by mi- 
litary authority, and there a^ by military 
command. Would you, on pretenfcc of 
kcepins the pca^e,fuirera company of gu«rds 
to fland io the lobby ? Ao mm, &r, vou d 

vtijh to live iofe* that day, vfhen He Hvit§fl' 
vcrnmewt of thit counf*y, can't Jaf part frjef 
VfithotU'ikt ajfifiiiKCf of the mi'i'Ory : I will 
bciiold to fay, when it it nor, that ciril go- 
vrrnmem ik undone : for it is them not tht 
La AT, but the ^\V\ik\y Power chat governs. 
I'he argument will hold it) ketieral in every 
cafe ; but foppofe a cafe of moft excriDrdi- 
n-iiV ncccffity, when the civil magifhate ia 
veally overpowered, and iheie is fire fet to 
tht cr^wn, ill all ik}t the uoops then be callccf 
h\ to his a>).frftnr.e r ( tl>Wik I put the ob- 
. jc6ioit as Arong as 7 can The fatal argu- 
weni of contending for an exccpticn to coD- 
il!2iKi( principles, ilatfatal argument hia 
Wuuelu us n>any time« to the ^rhik of de- 
Arud on. Nothing is cleaier th4n that no- 
freLmiin is to be imprifcncd but according 
Oi law: what, not ifthekir:; knows he is 
coming to attack him ? The arf^ument waa 
fpcclous, and the power of judging was 
crufled Ibmewhcia. «mi it i«x»k away ch^ 
whole Ul)erty of tiic fub}eft. E^'cry man 
w.)s imprifoned by a yhr^Utum DemUti X/« 
gis. There 'wai^ another refohitbn taken^ 
th4t no money ihoirid be levied on clie fab* 
y^O but by the confent ( f parliament } what, 
nor on a cafe of Ncf/fityf they argued, it 
might in a cafe ofocceiRty, and th'aj;,OTer- 
turned the whole rule }' and when money- 
was raifed, it \rat for nocefiity. PvpfiAfe 
then; eomc« an extraordinary cafe, never 
within the inietif ion of the legillatttrc ; that 
prndnced (lie difpenfing power which dif- 
penfed wiih all the power of the legiflatore. 
It mufl tend (o lodge a difcretionaiy power 
wiih fomeln^dy to judge of that neccffity. 
Thcfe .«re ^tal ar/^mcnts indeed ! How far 
is n.*celfi'.y to juftity ? Is it fufficient that the 
oi^ fij) f.H* f cf f/ue^'s a rictT I* it fuRi- 
civM»t, when he knows in his own mind he i«& 
g<»ii.j; :» do a ihirg tviru.h ouj^hito provoke 
the people ? If fo, hat wi«J conclude h tCH> 
grneraJ difcie«iopary l-rtiiii*!c. 

'' In cafe tioters Ibould be puMing down 
houfis. ani-l a detarhmcnt of the army or- 
dtncd in aid of the civil mRi;inrat<, and a 
nuhibcr of people Nfiifmble ai.d iiQ\* at* the 
pafiaget, may fuch dcrachmert ufe io-.ce? I 
think it is hard y poflible for any man to 
word the ^ue(HonN ftionger than this. 1 be- 
lieve thefe ^ueftwns weic | lopol'ed by a 
friend of th»^ army t'wt t! ry mii;hf ha\-e a 
guard on their cur.d'i"*.*! Wh^t wan iho ic- 
fuli of this > W hc;» it cam ^ to be cor.fidered 
hott- httfc the krv of Bjkghnd knew ofjcUin s ; 
and liow dingrroj^ a motive it was to fay 
on any account the law coniidcred them aa 
legal affiflance^ and 1m)w improper i'. might 
be to fay d.jy ftnuld not bo made ufe of; 
it was thought proper thcfe quefUons never 
fiiould be suifwercd, and they neTe.r havp 
been anfwexcd to this hour. 

PRICES of CORN acthe Coa.N-£xcH ang<» Lomoon. 

Jar.uar}2. | 2K to 36 
a8 1035 


Barley Oats 

to 16 

2 to I ft 

j^ to 27 j J 2 to J 6 

'd fP 17 1 'C'^ l^ 

i5ro iSlI 12 
14 to I ; I 12 
17 \ I 
i-i 1 u 

Beans Fale Malt 
1 6 to zo 
15 to 19 

\^ v» %\ 


23 to a6 
22 to a6 
^^ \o '.4 


GentJemans Magazine -, 

JANUARY, 1769. 

Mt. Uitn*a, 
i tavejinr yn an Exftanafiiit en Ma- 
trimly, atnrJing It the Uturgy tf 
tit aurth^ E»Si»d- lfy«ttU»fi 

Taar 1, R.B. 
the bond ai well 
It the foundation 
of all rocietitt, 
which oight t* 
be made Jacred, 
utdaJoptcd isto 
rriirion, hecaufa 
it ii llie intcnft 
of mankind it 
/hoald be inviolibk ; Wb.icfoie nur 
chureb aptwinXi 'thai none tiui a lawful 
minitbr ftiMl de tiiek boodi ; for the 
<M>ven-^nt i* maae ti> Gnil, and rUe qji- 
ritter i» God"« rcpreftiitat'^e to take I'e- 
curilic), and bidi ihe jwnie* in Cod't 
name. Bans or haon, Cgnify matri- 
monial contrafts, Ban, comet trum a 
Saxon worrf, which ligniSes a peocla- 
mation. Macrinipny is celebrated » 
(he iiiDrning, Isecaiile men aic moll fc- 
■rioui at that :iine, and it h tbebcilerte 
prevent clM.^leftine marrtago thit the 
charch onlers it to be (icrfonnsJ iti the 
daj time ; inaniagel aw to be Mleliral- 
cd in the church, that thti rite he more 
lolcmn, the church being the [ of 
Ood'i Ipscial .pretence before wliom thi« 
covenant ii made, atid the faereiinefs of 
the place (hoiild make the pariiei mofe 
nverent in tniering inio it. M;tii imony 
■■■ called holy, becTJre it ii an holy and 
'impoitant work, an ordiiunci; of God 
tbe Father, an ellHte much I'fiicfled by 
Cod the Son, and highly -eoniineiidcd 
by God Ibe Holy Gholl, in the inoutbt 
of the apoftlei i and nianiage being ft 
«nential to the Btin? and well being of 
mankind, itii no wonder ihaiGodand 
it<an Ihould agree to fin a ftamp of holi- 
ncr^tupon it, and to fecurc it from vio- 
4«uon wdooDtcmpt, by adapt i 12 it into 

Mtigion, that whJtt n»«iire makM aeccf- 
firy for its prefervation. holyTitwJhoi'ld 
leniler venei-able 1 Among the antieot 
Chnftiant, it wss univerfalljr repu'crt 
an aS of religion ■; tlui it To great and 
tnown a tiMtti, that it ii a reprotch to 
our nation, tha(iB our late iin»e»*if re- 
brllioa againR king Charlei I- the Je- 
dga ef bringing the clergy into con- 
tempt -incited wote who woi» then in 
power 10 wr^ ihit office out of fhe 
pried) h^ndi, and, M if maRrimony 
were no more than a mere political con- 
AituIioQ, alfigneJ it over to the civil 
mBgiflrate to eonfiimmate, eontiiry ta 
the decreet and praSiceof the Chriftian 

churchei in all agei. The emit of 

maliimoiif, it procreation, » remedy 
agriiiU lln, and a mutual help to each 
other. The charge eiren, that if the 
perlbnl to be joined, know any impedi- 
ment. Ice. it becaiilc il there be any 
hnpcdimenl which they conceal from the 
prieft, they mull either live in perpetual 
IMi, or be feparated by •« tndleli dt- 
▼orce. The im[>euinienti are, * pre- 
ceding raarriagL-, or fjlemn pre-con- 
O-aa. adiy. If the part iet be of near 
kindred. jiUy. The wint of cooicnt oF 
parents, 01 guardian* in caft of min»- 
riiy. Women iiiuft be (jiven after 
the eiample of God in Psradife. Iii 
ancient times, (faiili the learned inA 
judiciout Mr. Hooter) all woTi.em 
which had not hufbinda, oi- father* to 
govern them, had their tutor*, without 
whofe authority there wa» bo aft 'hat 
they did warrantable, and for this eauie, 
they well in marriage delivei-ed to theic 
hiilbsnJ* by others, which cuftom re- 
tained hath Hill this ufe, that it \^:* 
women in mind of their duly, whereia 
fheimbcccllily orwcaknclsof their fiK 
doth bind them, namely, to be always 
dircfiedand guided by others; howuvcr 
it isadecent cuftum, wiieilier thii was 
ihe firftcaufc or not, for a woman can- 
not in modefty offer lierfelf, but (houlJ 
ratbef be t«d by the ti^nd of Mothec, 


f,'i:rvrrr: cr^?lg«?*W5C^':;=:_'!::aS^^^i^»aKR*iw ^i^" 

image, iccwrOiug h ear Liturgy^ t^Uinei 

felvw more ftriAly to their fevthd du- 
f'e'i.— Theft things feriou Ay confidered, 
it ii hoped, wiJI conduce to the happineft 
of rhanyi 

Barna, Jan. 13^ 17^9. 

and given by him. The pricft doth join 
in tUe right hand, bccauie they were 
generally ufcd in plighting our trothj 
by which phral'e is intaht, Ipyinjf ouf 
tiuth to pledgs, or cnyagih^ our f:.ithl 
The ling is giTcn to Lc a vii'ible and 
]afting token and rtmembrancc of this 
covenant j the matter is ^M, to fi^-nify 
bow noble and durable our aiFt^ion is, 
the form is round, being the propcicli 
figure to unite things fcparaied, and to 
iinoly our rcfpefl fhall lievtr have an 
end, and thr; pjpce is on the fourth fin- 
ger on ihe It ft h:md, whcic ii a vein 
that comes dirrftiy fioni the heirt, and 
where it may be always in fight, and 
being a finger leaft ufcd, it may be I'jaft 
fubjcd to wearout. With this rinjj I 
thee wtd ; this is a pleJf^e of thnt co. 
venant cf matrimony which I jufl now 
make with thee. The rights .ncciumg 
to the wife by this covenant of matri- 
mony, is* to fhare in all the honours be- 
longing to the man's perfon, which is 
the meaning oF thefe words, With irty 
body I thee wor(hip : idly. To have an 
intcreft in his eftate, fignified l>y the 
phrafe, witfi all my wdrldly goods I 
thee endow, and it waB an aiicirnt u- 
1 .ige to lay down a Aim of money on the 
book, whi^h the prietl delivered the wife, 
10 give hrr livery and lieifin of her huf- 
band's trftatr. The man makes this co- 
venant by his ChnAiaiitty, and before 
the Trinity, as witnedes thereto, who, 
if he break it, >*nll be the avcnirerof this 
perjury, for thile v^/ords of calling God 
to witnefs, turn this pjom^tb intt> :i f)- 
!emn and facrcd oa\\\, Ifaac and Re- 
becc.i are propofed as nxainpL^, ijccuufc 
Iftiac kept him only to this, one wife, at 
& time when he might have had more. 
This covenant il ratified, by the prieft 
jironouncing them to be man and wife 
together, in the name of the Holy Tii- 
nity. Amen, doth fct a Tea] to this holy 
iind ret^gioiis compaf^ to make it perfen 
and ctmipieat, fo that the union is fa- 
<cred, inviolable, diid ncveV to be dif- 

When Cod nr.ade the fociety of mar- 
yingc he made man fuprrior, brcr^uf'e he 
knew equality would bietd corifiifiui:. 
The man \< co-nmandcd ^) htnonr his 
wife ; the mcanin>y i%-, tli.a he muft give 
l^fpc^l and maintenance to her, luitable 
to her degree. 

7"hc rubrick after the office, advifes 
the perfons who ate miu'ried to leceive 
>hc Holy Commimicn cither thit day, 
^r as Toon after as U pofUble, to con - 
^rm thi'ir vows to each other, by that 
f<>ir<:d Sacrament, and. to bftd them- 

Mr. Urban, 
'prtE preffent (Vale of odr trade with 

^ our Weft-India Iflands inferted irt 
your Magizinc for December laft and 
figned F. B. pozzies and perplexes me 

beyond mcafurc. We are in a moft de- 
plorable (late indeed, if our very acqui- 
fition<t have a h:Uanc(.s and fuch a vcr/ 
confiderable bahnce againft u^. What 
Signifies conqucfts that are to drain their 
mother- country ? Though I cannot fol- 
low Mr.T. B's reafoniiig throughout, 
yet I think I difcoyer ibn^c elaring er- 
rors in his computations, .ana am not a 
little furprized that an author .fo fe«nt- 
ingly accurate coUld have fiifftrrcd fuch 
grofs blunders to efctpe bim. That they 
are not the blunder* of the printer ap* 
pears froni this, that he re^f^nt confe- 
fluentially upon his firft error, and that 
the fame miSake runt through all hit 
numbers. His Turn of the expoot for 
fi^t years from Great Briuin it cxadly 
one million lefs than it btigbt to be* 
Again, the medium of hit own fum it 
fahely computed : and the true mediunt 
of the exports fetmsto be 988,853!. is. 
4.d. ^hich alters t^e Turn of the annual 
ballance above 200,000!. When he 
comes to add a third to the imports on 
account of their under- valuation a at the 
tnftom-houfe, he again commits a mif- 
taXe of near 400,000!. which two mif- 
takes make a difference in his general 
ballance of above f)00,oool. and reduces 
it from i,94.i,674J. to 1,177,779!. But 
even this ballance, though thus reduced 
above a third, is fti 11 by far too great; 
when we cohfider it as a ballance d^intt 
the mother-country, which is an ulea I 
cannot at all reconcile to myfelf, not- 
^fthftanding all that has been faid by 
Mr. F. B. Why did we make fuch a 
buftic about acquiring fugar-iflands if 
they ai-e really detrimental to us ? 
Thongh the reafoning of your corrcf- 
p«ndent appears extremely plaufible, yet 
I cannot help fufpefting that there it 
iome crcat ernw in his argument : I 
therefore be^of you to infcrt my prefent 
remarks, in Dopes that they may ftir u|^ 
fome of the Weft- Indians to removd 
thofe henry imputations againft their 
rugar-irtands, and prove that they de- 
fence the countenance and proteftion of 
Great- Britain from their great utility to 
their mother^cOantry, }%vrV} A. Bi 

Oh ^ Miknefs of WumM-Bcmei in Projih 

Kir UiiBAir, 
^nnlS a eommon nodov, and in ail 

*' fVU^ for I hiive beard it from 
miny mouths, and in muiy places, that 
tour bones are brittle^ inftony weather. 
This U a difBcuU matter, at beft, to 
prove, atid I imagine the oblervation 
ha^ nothing to fupport it» hut the fre- 

Surncy of fra£lures at fuch ieafont. 
lut now, Sir, if this be. the whole 
foundation of it» this one particular 
will fcArce bear the weight that it laid 
upon it. For firft, men arc moft Hahie 
to Hip then, and consequently more fall 
than common. Secondly, falls are vio- 
lent upon ludden flips. Thirdly, the 
limbs are of len throorn into unnatunii 
pofitions by fuch flips ; and laftly, the 
ground in frofls is hard, and impinging 
with furcc againft it when it Is in fuch 
a tbte, muft endanger the bones more 
than at any other time, ami occaiioa the 
tiioic fractures. In fliort, the external 
conltitutioti of the air may hare etfcft 
on the furface of our bodies, as to the 
|>orcs, and the aflcAions of lieat and 
cold, but that the internal fiLimina of 
the bones and the ifubibnce of them 
(lioiiKl be altered in reipc£l of coheliOD, 
of induration on one pai t, and pliable* 
nefs on the other, is a tiling liilHcuIt to 
conceive. And uiijeic, whethei a de- 
of cold fuihciejit ,to ettl-ft that 


wouid not immediatdy induce death f 
for my part I cm not apprehend how 
the ilefh, the periojU'it/H^ the blood, and 
even fonieof the viui parts could lland 
St. I won't pretend to lay how the 
cai'e may be with a dry, dcav!, uncover- 
ed bone, lying cxpoied to the anihicnt 
air in afevcre t'loiij hot luicly, if the 
I'uSibincc of a human bone, cm be to 
perictiared by an excefs of coid, as to 
luflfer an alteration in the rohefion of its 
parts, the m:iirow of Aich bune mu:l be 
in a manner daninged and dcltroytd. 

*Tis true tlie boiies of o!d people do 
break, with the gieatctt facility, and 
from tiie (lighlcft caul'cs, as appears from 
the two cafes of arciihi/hop Stoker and 
Dr Bithurlt reported in your Map^a- 
/.inc of November 1768, p. 523. but 
thfn this fragility may be iuppofed to 
"Tiiilc. from an internal caufe, to wit, the 
andi-.y or drynefi of old men's bones, 
tenacity or toughnefs depending mainly 
ii{K)n a competent degree of nioifture. 
And this I preiume was the cafe with 
tiiat great man archbiihop Land. At 
r^. years of age, his Grace ftrained, 
>>r Hither broke the great ligament of 
l;is foot, the Tendon AchiHis^ and when 
^v wAi 6S, as he was walking up and 

down his chamber at the Tower, the 
finew of hift right leg gave a great cracks 
without any n\^ or treading awry, and 
brake afunder in the (bme plac6 where 
he had broken it before. His Grace 
however, recovered it, and could go 
iht)ngiy upon plain ground. See his 
Diary ptg. 4.2,6), 191. The events 
you obferve, was not very bad, but that 
It not the meaning of my introducing 
this fra^re ; for my defign is to (hew^ 
by this, how eaiily dryneis in the limba 
of old perfons difpofes them to break. 
But this, I apprehend, is by nb meant 
the caft with our bones in frofty fca- 
fons, which I prefume are fo fenced and 
fecured againft the external injuries of 
weather, by the perie/lesf/tf the ncih, and 
the (kins, that one cannot fuppofe them 
to be drier in hard weather than at o- 
ther times. X. incline to believe upon 
the whole, that the banes cannot be af- 
fetled by any feverity of weather lefs 
than what would caufe death. 

/ mm, Sir,jotirsi &c. T. Row. 

Mr. UrbaKv 

PERHAPS the following letter ^of 
Phalaris, on the fubjefl of his fa- 
mous Bull, may be entertaining to fomc 
of your readers, who are not able to read 
the original Greek epiftles. 

/ am^ Sir^ Tours, &c. 


i'o ibi Athenians. 

VJETHEN Perillus, your famous fta- 

^^ tuary, was here, he made pre^ 

fents to feveral people of his works ; 

which, as the dilplay of extraordinary 

?;er.ius, were very well received. We 
ike wife bellowed many gifts upon him, 
as well in return for the honour he did 
Uf, in (hewing his excellent art, as out 
of rcfpeft to his. country. At laft he 
Contrived a brazen Bull, larger thaA 
life ; which he prcfented to me. I was 
much pleaied with this inftance of his 
fkiti in conltrodVing an animnl, that is 
bixjught up for the fcrvice of mankind, 
and (o uleful in the hardcft labour. I 
thought it a work that well deferved 
applaufe, and which was not beneath the 
notice even of a monarch ; not yet 
knowing the myfttry. But Pcrillus> 
opening the, foon didovcred to me 
an' engine of the moll exquifite torment^ 
of the moft exciuciaiin^ of all deaths. 
As he much extolled this piece of work- 
manfhip, I thought his barbarous difix)- 
fition ntrrrved a check ; and if i'eem* 
cd moft rcatbnAbW, \.K^\V\t ^v>\3\^\v\Ttv- 

5 Pbalafis*s Ixhtr §h the death of Peritlus. 

^If maketbe firft trial of a machine 
of his own iiivention> than whish I had 
never Teen in any art a greatjer inibiDce 
of cruelty and malevolence Having 
caufett hini therefore to he fliut up in 
this Bull, we kindled a fire arounjd it» 
in the manner he had inftru6bd us, and 
tb'.is efSe^ually put to the proof tb« 
'ibci..'4igre(ultor hi.^ in^Duuy. The 
engiiiC crncealing liiiu tioiii view, we 
had no n. •': ot tears, nor heard any 
other noile ()ur liis Shrieks, which in the 
hollow brafs ibuuded like the real bel- 
lowi'ig of a bull. 

I have been told, to my great 
fdrpiize, that you nie much dif'picafcd 
at the f^cath of Peiiilus, aji J excierjing- 
ly onFcjidci! at me for it. No^v I am 
well perlu:;c?ed, that there is no cavil- 
for 'lie: J •.lUTat'.nijiii.n. If yoc think 
me to bl^iii^ .wir not indicting fotne fe- 
Sierif) punidiment 141041 ntui, I f^- .-^Cy 
by ail the powers abc.c, I coulu nor. 
invent a Teverer. If yo'i Jay lUere was 
Bocauf: for his fu^tcrin^' ac AX — this, 
*0 Athenians, b;;tray4 too much the ap- 
pcar:ince, thvtt ;0u, wiiu glory in your 
^icatluimni.ity, on the prefent occaiion 
approve cfttclty. TLia marhinc ir.utt 
i»ive been tlxe work citlicr of a pnvate 
Athenian difiytfii, or of tlie nublic in 
general. And yonrjgood will or dif- 
pleafure, with refpcct to mc, wtll fbtw 
which of the two it was. If the mor- 
tal crime be Perillus's, and none of 
yon rcfemble him in manneii and dif- 
l^ofition, you will not blame me. If 
you complain, that he has iuffcied im- 
juftiy— this is acoofeiTioii that you are 
as bad as him ft If. I do nor repent his 
capital puniflmimt, nor fhali eyi-r con- 
'demn myleif on ttut iccre, till it :fp- 
|>cari( to mc ih:it fu^h a pioceedins: was 
agaiii/t juAlce. As to the accul'ation 
from oiners of n\y having unrcafonably 
•punilhed Perillu<i^-I can interpret that 
only in a fenle highly dcrogatbry to my 
honour. Butte riinnot be» that you, 
or any other ('•<*;: v;i:iu 4, in earncfl look 
upon his puniui'.utr.i uh uniuiK Wai 
"it notiir, that he, who had formM nn en- 

fir.e with fucii fhccking piirpoies of 
arbmity f<r*r others, Akou'd Ikimfelf 
make the fivH expcpment of it?— Be- 
fidei«,t caunutlidp tltinking, :ind others 
are of the fame opinion, th;it iiicha 
vrefcnt to mc implied a deA^^n of Win 
liiewing to tbc world, th:it I was myf^if 
Worthy ro fufT.r in it. Such an inven- 
tion iiulced, coiiilJ.rcJ with rclpi^l to 
thoie who cun/pire n,R::>init me, nnd as 
a terror to rtb^l.^, niiglit l>c for my ad- 
vaiim^e. Bui wtf arc to juii^* ^^ tltii^s 

abfolutelyasthcyaie in their own natUre; 
and therefore t regaixled not my own ht^ 
nefit in competitian with what was natu • 
rally right in itfelf. Aa Perillus thought 
fuch a Ipedmen of his work a fir pre- 
fent for me, I rewarded him properly. 
It Js the opinion of all able moralifb* 
that whdevfer invents a torment for the 
puniibment of others, (houK! in juftice 
he himfdlf the firft fuflferer by ft. Thea 
do you, O Athenians, think me worthy 
to be confi£;nM over to the infernal fu- 
ries for adopting principle ? And 
that even Inch h penalty would r>ot fa- 
tisfy the Manes of Periilus ? Let me 
entiYat you to coiifider equitably, and 
you will find that my proceedings are 
not of my own choke. It is ur.reafo- 
n:.i*'e that I (hould beharrafled by the 
malice of fortune. Sovereign power 
indeed lets me nt full liberty to conmitt 
vh -tTueliieAl picalc : but I know very 
1 tli 1. iw r^prehenfible af^ons of that 
kind are, and I much lament that things 
cannot be reduced to their original ffatte, 
— faonlu be thankRjl to heaven that X 
were not co.i!l:-uinci by thy utmoft nc- 
ce.lity 10 do -.vhdL I do. But, O Athe- 
ni 9*1^9 whicli of you, or what maft 
in the world is there, who per- 
ceiving a con4piracy againft his life, 
would not with all eagemefs feck re- 
venge again ft t^e villains ? Finding Pe- 
rilius to be a perfon of this itamp, I 
punifhed him accordingly. It is no 
fmall confolation to m:% that whatever 
haidfliips I put people to, tlity arifb 
from necetTity § and that my a^bons of. 
this nature are not willing(y done, at 
theirs are agaiaft whom my .refentment 
is pokited. Indeed in the matter now 
under confideration, t have imitated 
the cuftom of the wtfeitand motl ancient 
Athenians tbcmielves. What I have 
«4onc to Perillus was highly fit to be done 
by one in pofTeflion of abfohite power. 
I have aeled by him as he deferved \ in a 
mannerindeed not agreeable to my natu- 
ral din>ofition, but agreeable to his noti- 
on«* of^tr. Yon may be aflurcd, that, weit 
I u pjivateman, 1 fliouid not be Peril- 
lus, and were he a piince, he would not 
be Ph:daris, But your concern for hifs 
punifhincnt leads to your difgi*ace. . If 
you maintain, that wicked men like him 
fliould nut be pmii^ied, you will incur 
a lasting leproach. By the invention 
vS fuch a mott barbarous torment, he 
dM a univerfMl injm-y to all mankind 1 
irore partictriarly did he brand kh with 
the cliaraAer of cruelty — an imputation 
that much degrades the cuth>m of A- 
tliens. It is^ on the whole then, my 



Safe and fimpte manner of Inaculaihn. y 

£itii pcffuafiDDy that the manner of Pe- 
ri U\ii*s paniflimcat will be generally 
applauded \ I am lure it ought to be lo 
by al! good citizens. If (bine there be 
that cannot fo well relilh this kind of 
death, — let them reflet, that it was not 
defigned as any agreeable amufemeat to 

*, * Smcb pkces as this efirreffondekt 
fKo^ ttimk proper HfcleQ^ Jhall he h^ 
jeried occoJimuUj^ 

Mr Urban, 
npHE reading of Mr White's prrti- 
*** nent remarks on the Suiall-pox in 
your excellent Magazine t'ur October 
laf^y f ut me npon offering my humb?e 
opinion on the fame fubjeS. 

That the Small-pox is Ui^ fatal by 
inocuiition than when taken in the na- 
tural way, is probably owing to the 
fmalinefs of the quantity of the infe6i- 
in^ miafms. and the flow and gradual 
mixture \^'ith the hot blood. For as 
cfTcfts are always proportionate to their 
caufes, fo litiie \cnom will make lefs 
havock in the human juices than a lar- 
ger poitlon. 

To prevent therefore any bad effc6ls 
from in')cii!ition, let as final 1 a icratch 
as poiTiblc hs made on the upper arm 
with the poir.t of a fine nctdic, and with 
a bit of rsf dipt in the mr^ttcrof a j>ock 
rob the incHion, then cir.p on a piece of 
ftkking plailfer to prti'cnt the matter 
being wiped otf. View the place on the 
5th day ; if it looks red, the inffc6lion 
liastzkcR rtfcA ; clic not. 

Any inofiwi, 0/ utaliE, may perform 
this eaf'y operation a& wt-ii .u the beft 
furgeoii. And a bare rubbin? the in- 
fic!e 4^ the wril^s with a coarfc clonth 
till it grows leJ, and then rubbing in a 
little o I' the iufedling mutter will pro- 
duce the diilemperin infants, and young 

It was thou[jht by Dr Mead, and o- 
tl)ers, tliat tlte difcharge from the inci- 
ijons that ufed formtrly to be made like 
ifltirs to inoculate the pock, was of great 
ufe, but time and cx(.>erience have taught 
the contrary. 

I am for no preparations before con- 
\'eying the inftc^ion, but only a vomit, 
and a purge or two of i hubat t> to cleanfe 
the firil paffagcs ; looking upon all the 
boafted preparations as merely farcical, 
and tending rather to difturb the hu- 
mours than quality them. 

It lias been lately afl'eitcd, that the ve- 
nereal infcAion is to be ptoduced in the 
lame manner ; and that a furgeon at 
t'ea caught it by a fcrutch on Mis hnget 
mircffing zn JafcC:}cd paticut. Be this 

as it may, it is an unqueftienable faft, 
that infants have taken it by fucking 
infefted nurfes. 

Tours, &C, J. Cook. 

^teqwi/iusfir a good Stofy-TeiUr, 

TN tbe fiift place, he muft be a tolera- 
^ able» if not a good mailer of the lan- 
guage iv which he tells his Uory : I 
don'c mean an exact, critical, nice, 
grammatical mailer $ but he niuit 
be mafter of a lively, n.itural, cafy, 
pleating and flowing diction. 

With reeard to humour, I think it 
impoilible tov any one to tell a ttorj 
without a fufficicnt quantum of it. 

I have no ibrt of objctliou to a pro* 
per Ihare of wit $ but wit, in iny opini- 
on, ieems to have a letter effeA in & 
ihort repartee than in a regular ftory^ 
tor which reafon, humour is more coix* 
ne6led with ftory-tellmgthan wit. Wit 
feems to ilrike the fancy with a pecu- 
liar kind of rapidity $ whereas true ge- 
nuine humour u of a placid and gentle 
kind. This feems to be tbe differtnctt 
between wit and humour. 

As for the fentences in the telling 
of a ftory, if I may lb call them ; they 
mull not be too long, nor too much of 
the ^rofffV^ kind. 

With regard to a parentheiis of any 
kind, he muft avoid it as much as pofli- 
ble. For, as thu uic of a pai*entheiis in 
writing but too often breaks in upon the 
natural How of a Itntence j fo it feems 
to have a worle cife6i in fpcaking. 

In Older that a itory may appear with 
a peculiar ^;iacc, I beg leave to recom- 
nicnd a proper but not an afiefted gra- 
vity ; bcc;rj;'c there feems to be a wide 
ciftcrtnce between a proper and an 
attc6U'd gravity j there may be no harm 
ptrh^ipi in a gentle plcafmg fmile upon 
the in fome part of a ftcry ; but 
then it muit be nothing vile but a gen- 
tle plealing fmile. 

N.B. In all kinds of ftory-tellinor^ a 
va(t deal depends upon uue propilcty 
of face. 

Si ^'is tneprsy &c. niay ilo vci^ well 
from the puipit, and may luvc u vciy 
valuable ctieit j but / -lis me riatre, 
&c. will never do in liory- telling } a 
few tears in the former cuic, but no 
laughing if you pleafc in the latter*. 

* Every ftory-icJler muft «-n(!e4vuur as 
much as poiiUb.c to cmcrtain(.thfr>, but mud 
Dmjeem to be much eniertaiiud hiiufclf; 1. 1, 
he miy be internally plcai-d asi much ai h-.' 
will, but ii mult not ap)>car cxtern.-illv ; .i% {jx 
iauno(!cratclaui;hter in rhc tclli-.'i; u! a iio\\^ 
it is really in(uitf 1 9i\4\e. 



•■F « ■ mimr- 

9 InftruSlions f&r St§ry-teUing.'--'Uttir §n u Mliiory Life. 

A littlt'gefttte motion -t>f (he fourth - 
finger of the right Hand) and .1 nKK)er:»te 
unllulating motion of the head exitflly 
at the tame time, wiU quadrate in the 
telling of a ttory.; and more particu- 
larly f*, when any part of the (loiy con- 
fttis of ihepathcfick. 

K. B. I don*t allow of the leaft mo- 
tion either of Anger or head without 
fomething of the pathetivk in the ge- 
neral run of a iWy. 

If afAory-tellcy fhould introduce a 
hard word of any kind, he muft take . 
care to ufbcr it in exactly in i«ich a 
manner as to fliew all proper conttrmiit - 
to it, becaufe all hard woid;) cither m 
writing or fpcaking, are not only things 
of a contemptible, but of a laughable 

As for the introdiifVion of a ftcry, it 
miift not be brought in by the Ive^d nnd 
ihoukiert) i. ^. every ftoiy-tcllv'r muil 
wait for the judicious fcafon, or the cri- 
tical nKMiient *^. 

A due modulation- of voice mav ]>of- 
iibly bo looked- ujkmi as no incontidera- 
ble re(juinte in ■ ftor)*-telling j r. e. he 
mnft not be too loud, or too much upou 

Th^uking of tbo remnine of a 
pinch of fnuif may be fo ropnaged nnd 
contrived at to have a very good tfil-ft 
in the .ttlling of a ftory : But then I 
muft bje^ l«av< to obierve, that fuch re- 
main^ IP oidtT that they may have a 
proper -efleA, muA be taken with a little 
rtire of ihe «ye, and with evtrrj' pofTible - 
degrtrc wf vclccily ; other wife they may 
maktf vi.>Ient iitro:ii!s upon the concitc:- 
nutioQ of a llory ; eveiy itor)--reiicr 
tlieicfoiv has full hbei ly Xo treat his nole 
with tho itniains of a pinch ti( fnuflT, 
but not with a regular pinch, becaufe 
this niHV br attended with a fneere ; and 
every body know& that a (heeze is con- 
ftantiy attended with a violent agitation 
of face, and a violent agitation q^ face 
has a mi ill able effect in all kinds of 
ftory. telling-. 

With regard to \\\c Length of a ftorj', 
I fma;:;ii»e it cr»ii wi'scr -xyyi'^xr too long, 
in cafe the fcvprrii iniMcnt^ ol ir aie 
told with the dircL'tions here recom- 
mended f. 

* Too grc«i an carnoltnel* ui zeal for in- 
cmducing a Aoi}, <'>f'cn duusbis from the 
merit of irue I'^oi) • tr!linj»- 

f It miy fccm u» be a peculiar ohfcrr.i- 
ri)nof niiijc, bu: 1 lii'.c cfun tboushi, that 
■ ^o/v well roUl.i|.{KAi« bciier fiom a jH:r- 
f : \\\A litljng til. II « It t'^dlin': «t'ili'ilc. If 
: \ u:j.«:»v ihouiC jjptJi :o ili-J genera ity 

The author of tiwft rales begs learo 
to inform tlie reader, tbat notwithftaad- 
ing he has taken the liberty of recom- 
mending tkem to the world; he does ' 
not pretrnd to make the leaft figure ia 
the tilling of a ftory : Bnt as Mr • 
Hoyle has given rules for wkift without 
being capable (n« I am told) of playing . 
wdl himjelf ; fo it is very poiHble, that 
thele dire£tioiis may appear in the fume . 
point of vi^w. 

nar/, £ff, W M II S. 

Part •f it LtUer fram the Count cfs of 
Barilf. ta ktr Brothlr., o» hit 
embrticiun a Miz,jtary Life. 
7 rajtjlaud from the French. 

IN the (irll place, my dcai brother, I ' 
fliould fancy, if I werv in yuur fi- 
tuit>oii, thnt I oiighx to he veiy humhle| 
and tiKjugii the king^s favours Ao ho- 
nour to his greateft fubjcct^, I (hould, 
in this fcnfe, be very proud of fi?em ; 
)etfor facW favours 1 ibould likewise 
(hew a re.'ard to my whole country, 
and belvave fo as all nn' condu^ ftimfld 
be a kind of cx',irtllton of my gratitude. 

Secondly, I would have a prudent 
and ftttled courage ^ no tiirs, no pre - 
tenfions t I would yield when 1 coul^ 
fubmit with <lercncy j I would even 
c«nicc(il my ftrength, and would Im 
more defu'ous to gain refpe^t than to 
fuire it. 

Thiidly, I would chufe mther to be- 
ifteemi*d than beloved \ to be an oflicef 
of reputation than a fine ge«^clemui; 
and 1 would cnd^^avour to acquire, bv ■ 
my iriicntK, merit wiiich the French 
tojoficn fcek by pv-rionil complacenciet, 
or, if 1 nt ly be ali(^\^d the expreffioii, 
by amahitity. 

Fouithlv, I would avoid the ler. !. r 
paifions ; I am ct' opmiou, th:it •T^y 
are at Wxd an intein;ption of oui <*• ty. 
However, as it is not ti be exp^-'-icd 
you ftibuki adhere ihi^Uy to t!i ^ pse- 
cept, J tvould endeavour to hue a 
tatte only for refpcitahic objeiU ; tiMt 
is ihc only way of n trorin^ on ore llde, 
what lovv' makes I'cvcie Vi.tue lofc on 
the other. 

I WAS going, my dear h«'ot!;t'r, to 
add fifthly, but tiie fear of lUHking a 
fcrmon ih»p« me j ^nl, !>erjdcs, I em 
perliiadcd, that gieat cjucigj lucds but 
(Ikurt ledums. 

of my readeri to> refit>cd, I hof-e ihcy will . 
cxcultiic I mjii c»:nrol"» that Iwa- fw>T.c- 
what pleafod writh the though: myfclf, ttiou^h 
I tlo.i ( pretend i) accowi lur liu: okj^ pro- 
pi icy ot i:. 

Vtfe of Ambrofc Gwinett, a Be^ar 

tkeOuK^ffioM of tht Life and Adven- 
tures of Amhrofe G'ZvJnctt. 

HE gibbet was placed at one comer 
of s imall commoii-fitid, where my 
Mer's cows ufuiiily ; and itpleared 
God, that about this time a lad, who 
took care of them, came to drive them 
borne for eveniag milking. The cm- 
tiutt, which were finding almoft under 
nV| brou^t him ueu the gibbet; 
^^1 topping to look at the melan- 
choiy fpcdaclc, he perceived that the 
clotA was from off my face ; and, in 
the TtTf moment he looked up, faw me 
©pen my eyes, and move my under jaw. 
lie imraedjatejy nm home to inform the 

^iined it. To ftiy in Enghnd was 
i:;i!>«)lii'olc, without expoTmg myf«.|f 
a^km tti tlie terrors of the law. In tlilt 
dilemma, a fortunate circumftance oc- 
cuiTed. There had lain, for feme 
time, tt my brother's houfe, one or two 
of the principal officers of a privateer 
that was preparing for a cruise, and juft 
then ready to fail. ThecapUin kindly 
offered to take me aboard with him. 
You may guefs, little difficulty wat 
made on our fide to accept of iiich a 
propofal i and proper ncceilariei being 
quickly provided for me, my fifter re- 
commended mc to the protection of God 
and the worthy commander, who mofk 
humanely received me as a fort of un- 

FODie at his maf^r^s. At firft they * der-afliltant to his tteward 

nadefome difficulty to believe his ftory; 

It length, however, my brother camt 

mit, and, by the time he got to the 

iSeid, I was Co much alive, thai my 

groans were very audible. 

It was now duflt. The iirft thing 
they ran for was a ladder. ' One of my 
brother*s men mounted, and, putting 
hh hand to my ftomach, felt my heart 
beating verv ftronf^ly. But it was 
found imponible to detach me from the 
gibbet, without cutting it down. A 
faw, therefore, was got for that pur- 
pose ; and, without giving you a dttail 
of trifling circumltanccs, in his than 
half an hour, having i\i:td mc fo.n my 
irons, they got me blooded, und p-it 
mc into a warm bed in my brother's 

It is an amazing thinEf, that, tho.igh 
upwards of eight perlor.s were enir.iaed 
with this ti*anfa£)ion, and 1 rem.iincd 
three days in the place after it h;i,)j.cned, 
not a creature betrayed ihe fecrei. Eai ly 
next morning it was kuowii that the 
gibbet W7.5 cut do>vn, and it inmiL*iliatc- 
Ij occurred to every body, that it was 
done by my relations, in order to put a 
i2ight veil over their own (han-r, by 
btirying the body : but when my h.';:her 
was fummonod to the mayor's houiL", in 
order to be queftioncd, and he dvuicd 
knowing any thing of the nntt.r, li;.Ic 
looreilir was made about it j p.iitly bc- 
cauf« he was greatly rci'pciled l*y al! :iic 
neighbouring gentlemen, and in i'onie 
meafure, perhaps, becaul'c it wjr, known 
that I continued to perfift ftrongly iti my 
being innocent of the fa^ for which I 

Thus, then, was I moft miraculoufl^ 
delivered from an ignominious death, if 
I may call my commg to life a delivery^ 
after all I had endured : but, how was 
^ to di/pofe of my life now 1 had re- 
(6!k^- Ms^, yu9, lj6g,) 

We had been fix months out upon 
our cruize, having had but very indif- 
feient fuccefs, when, being upon tbt 
coaft of Florida, then in ine hands of 
the Spaniards, we unfortunately fell in 
with a fquadion of their men of war $ 
and b«^ing cunletjuently taken without 
ftriking a Itroke, we were all brought 
prifoners into (he harbour of Havannah. 
I was really now almoft weary of my 
life, and fliould have been very glad to 
have ended it in the loathfome dungeon, 
where, with forty othcis of my unfor- 
tunate couiitrv men, the enemy Iwd ftowed 
me ; but, aiier tlif e years clofe con- 
finefncnr, v/e were let out, in order to 
be put on board naiil'portb, to be con- 
veyed to Pcnlylvania, and from theiice 
to Enpjand. Thio, as you may be- 
litve, wai a difcajjree.ibic Icntence to 
me, iak.i;);^- it for grantwvi, that u rMura 
ho;ncwuuld be a leturu to the gallows : 
b-rint: now, tlKic'foic, a tolerable luaf- 
tcr of th'j Sp.inifii 1 m-uage, I foliciteJ 
very iVou^ly .o l>e l^-lt behind j which 
favour I oiH.-.l:it i, l)y mean? of the maf- 
tci of tae pri;b;i, with whom, durin«j 
rnyciiiifinemcni, I ha^l contracted a fort 
of intimacy 4 i.nd ht- not only tofk me 
into his houll, is lojn ai my ^oniwry- 
iiicn wcic oonc, bu., in a fhort time, 
pr<^cu;cd me a iil..ry i\\jm the governor, 
for Ivjing hi > cl'. puty. 

Tiidc'itl, at tiii? pu'pwolar time, ibf 
ofii:c was by n.) incar.-. a^c^rceiblc. The 
co:ut \y.\'\ bicn long int^Jked with pi- 
rate 5 , the moll <Lrpcrj[tc gang of vd- that can be imagined j and there 
WIS fence a month palled, that one or 
other of their vcfl'cls did oot fill into 
the f;Ovemor*s hands, and the crew a^ 
conltantly was[>ut under my care. Ones 
I very narrowly e(cap:^d bcini; knocked 
o' th* heail by one of tjie ruifians, and 
having Uw keys \vuVUiViVi\-ft\\\>;\ ^t\Q- 





IJfe fl/Ambrofe Gwinctt, a Beggar. 


thcr time I was (hot at. 'Tis true, in 
both cufi.^ the j>erions ruffereii for their 
attempr, and, in ;lie hit, I thought a . 
Jit lie too cruelly; for the ft i low, \>ho 
Itt oft the combine, wris not only put 
to the toituit, to contcls his accctmi'l'i- 
CC5, hut ::ftcr.v:\rds broke up n ihc 
Vnccl, \rhc;c he whs left to expiu, il-c 
Qioft fliocking fpeftacic I ever bc::v:M 
with my eye-. 

.* 1 liail been in my office about three 
months, when a (hip arrived from Port 
joyal, another Spanifh fcttlemcr.i on 
the coart, with nine Englilh prifonci^ 
on board. I n^s ftanding in the tucei 
M thiy vrcre comini? up from the pert 
with a guai-d of foldicr«, to the pfover- 
iior's hcufc. I thought fomething llnick 
iXie, in the f:icc of one of the pn/oner*,' 
that I had before been acguaintcil with. 
r could not flop them for us to Tnc-'k 
together) hoN^ver, in about an hrur 
after, they were all brought dowu to 
pViiori, there to be lodged till th'j go- 
vernor (ignificd his further plearmc 

As foon as the poor creatures found 
I was an r:ngii(hman, they weie ex- 
tremely happy, even in their dilirtlTd 
fituation, thuu-;h, indeed they wcic 
ticatcd with lenity enough, and only 
lent to the prifon lill a lodging could \ e 
piovidedfortiKm, they having bcm, in 
the couife of the war, maf^e pvilb:ieis 
as well as mylelf, and then on their le- 
liirn home. I n\,w had an oppoi tuu'ny 
of taking notice of the man whole face 
I thought I knew, and I was move and 
more confirmed that I was not mift?.k- 
cn. Jn a word, I verily thought, 
this man was the perfon for whofe I'up- 
pofed murder I had fuiFcred fo much in 
England ; and thd thought was fo 
fironc; in my bead, that I could not flcep 
a wink all night. 

In the morning after their arrival, I 
told them, that if any of them had a 
«iind to walk about the town, I w.^uld. 
procure them permiffion, and go :«h?rr^ 
with them. This man faid he would 
go, and it was what I wiflicd. Thue 
other prisoners, that went out aJcng 
with us, walked a little in adv.mce. I 
now Kjokthe op}H)rtunity, and looking 
in his fac?, «* Sir," faid I, " was you 
ever at ©cal ?" I believe, he, at that 
inltant, had fome jecollcftion of ine ; 
for, putting his hand upon my fliould- 
er, tears burft into his eye*. •* Sir," 
ftys I, "if you were, and are tfce nr.'n 
I take you for, you here fee bcfoi c ynu 
one of the moft unfortunate of human 
kind J Sir, is your name Collins ?" He 
anlmi;ed, it was. *' Richard Collins ?" 

faid I. He replied, " Vcf/' " Then;* 
(liid I, " I was hanged and gibbeted 
upon youraccoimt in England.** 

After our m«itual fuipiize was over^. 
he m-4de me give him a circum(bintial 
det'iil of every thing that happened ta 
me in En inland, from the moment we 
parted. I never faw any man exprefa, 
fuch concern a* he did, while I waf 
purfuin^ my melancholy adventures ^ 
but, whtn I came to the circumilance 
of my beiiig hanged, and afterwaiJa 
hung in chains, I could hardly prevail 
upon him to believe my relation, liil 
backed by the mo(i ferious aifcvciatiousy 
pronounced in the mod fcrious manner. 
%Vhen I had done, " Well," faid :^-» 
** younj man," (for I was then but in 
my five and tweniieth year ; Mr. Col-; 
lins niip:lit be about three and fujiy) 
** if you have futtained misfoitunn 
upon r»iy ?.ccount, do not imagine Qho' 
I cannot lay them at your door) that I 
Invc iKrn without my fufferings. Gi d 
kn«»w5 myh'-nit, I am mod e::ccedmf',iy. 
forty i'or xhv injullice that has been done 
you } but the ways of providence are 
ur.fcpichr'hie." He then urocect'cd ta 
inform me by what accL cnt all my 
tiouMts had bein biought about. 

«* When you left me in bed," faid 
he, ** having ar (irft wakened -a ith an 
opprtflion 1 could not account *or, I 
found myfrlf grow exceedingly fick and 
weak ; I dul not know what was the 
matter; I groaned, and ftghcd. and 
thought niylcif going to die ; wh'.-pj 
accidently, pining my hand to my Ittt 
arm,, in \v!Mch 1 had hcen blooded thr, 
morning hcfore, I found my (bin w^r, 
and, in Hiwrr, that the bsuidage Iviviiig 
(lipped, il'.c orifice was again opened,. 
and a great flux of blood enfued. Thia 
immediately accounted for the condiiii>n I 
found my fcl fin. I thought, how*:vtr, 
I wouhl nor difturhihc family, w'nicii I 
knew h \d gone to bed vei^ late. I tJ;erc^ 
for-:, n»ulUred all my ftrength, and ^ot 
up, v.ith tny night-gown luofe aboui in:-, 
to go U- a neighbouring barber, whu kul 
bled nie, in order to have the I luoct 
(loot and the bandage placed. He l-ved' 
dirc6tly oppofitc to our houfe: but when 
I was croihng the way, in order to knock 
at hi<; door, a band of men, armed with 
cutl '.nrvs and hangers, came dov^'n th< 
town, and feizing me, hurried rr.c to- 
wards the beach.' 1 bcggtd and pniy- 
ed J but they fooa filenced my cries.' 
At firfl, I took them for a prefs-gang, 
though I afterwards found they were i\ 
gang of ruflfians, belonging to a piiva- 
teer^ aboard of which they inamediatclf 


,,„ — ■, bcfoR I go*' 

AlHicr, the lofl oT blood occafiaqcd me 
to Aint awiv. The Turi^Dit of the' 
Aipi irnppdft.'t^'ed dji my arm j tor, 
Mtanrrunfismurr.ed, I found my- 
Rif in « natnmiKir, with [btncboily fe«t> 
ingmj paift. ThsTefltJ wai then V0~ 
dci way. I ((led where I wai I Tliey 
flit) I WM Ctfe tnouah. I iiLmeiineif 
called far my nignt-£ottn j it wu 
WoDgfatimi but, or>conlltlcrafa!erura 
•f mon^ Ifatt wM in the pocket of it,' 
I cs«M gMnoaccouDt. I cumplainn] 
to tjMupafo of the Tjolence tint hid 
fKrn done me, and of the roblicry iiii 
ferlen fad committed ; but, bejngabni~ 
t'ihidlow, be laasbcd It mygtieffand' 
tofd DK, if I ha^ loA tnj ihuig, I 
lOnayenauKh to 

hi^abfetofaclpm^ftir, I wa« obligft^ 
to r^Amit ; and, for tine monthi, tbtj 
fiirced me to wvrfc hihit the maS, Jn 
the fad, bow«Tcr, we met the fame fate 
that' fOD did, W* were taken by the 
Epaniudaj isdiby adrcntureri pvallel 
to youT own, yon itow fee me here, on' 
■>y return to oai* naitve country, whi-. 
tfctrif you will accompany iw, I Ihall 
iMcik mylelf extremely happy. 

TbertwHaow nothmotopreventmy 
goiny to England ) antT i fliip being 
to frjl for Europe in ci^rht or len day*, 
in it Mr. Collina and I deteimined lo 
embaik. Al foon aa we leruincd home. 

it, chielj, 1 fu^pore, bcciiufe it ^are 
him an opportumiy of getting the little 
oBi;e I bield for a iiephfw of hit, who 
wu lately come to live with him, tp 
whctn, the very fame Jay, I delivered 
■pmytrwll. And here the providence 
of Cod wax no lers temarknlile to me 
than in other particnian of my lifii 
for, the very &mr night, eight or feu 
piiate*, who weiein the prifon, watch' 
ed dK occafion, while the young man 
wai locfcins up the waritt, to feiie bim, 
tzkinc the Iteyi from him, after having 
left Gin for dead; and, before the 
alarm wu Aifficiently {liven, five of 
them made tbeir efcape, having, a« it 
wai liippofrd, gotolf the coaflby meant 
t)f piratical toati, which kept continu' 
■IIt boTcring about. 

It wajthe ilth day of Narem. 17 1 a, 
that, hating made all my little prrpa. 
-tioni. I (cot my trunk aboard the Nof- 
iraSenora,' amerchint-fliip, bound foq 
Cadii, Mieh«elDeionta, mafttr. The 
vcftiwM to fail that evening, and lay 
h dwnad, tbootduwaula frmathe 

Mwii. Aboot Otcq o'cloek in „. 

ing, .1 Mag then pitlng with fligner' 
Gafp«r,^«ny aM friend and ntaHcr, in' 
theponico toUt hooTe, aladcameun,' 
•nd rjid,.the but had been waiting luir 
anbuurformeit ihcport, andthitqir' 
cimjianion, Mr. Collint, wr« alrcMf ' 
on Hoiird. 1 ran into the hoofe for tt* 
rm'nll bntidlr, and onW ftayiiig to lik^' 
leave of oneoriwoaf:theraiiii)j',mad«" 
what liaAe I could to the i^:ty -. but ' 
when I atrived, I fouttd the boat baa' 
already jiut off, leaving word, that !• 
Oiould orertalce them at a little bay,^ 
about a mile beyond the town. Tlia 
dnfc was coming on^ I nu) along the 
Ihore J and, tti I imagined, foon had »' 
fi^ht of the boat, to which I haUooed 
ai laud atlwMabkj tbty ufwctrd,' 
iind immedialriy pot about to take me 
in : but we had fcarce got fifty yirdf ' 
frnm land, when, on looking about for'' 
ffly/iiendMr. CoUini, I mfffed him }" 
and then it wu I found I had nmde ■' 
miftake, and, inflead of getting aboard' 
my own boat, .which I wow 6w a eon-' 
Inicrable way a-head, I hadggt intirx 
boat belonging to Ibme of ibi piralct. - 
I »tcmpted to leap overhoanl, ajid 
fbriild eafily havefwam afhore j but I 
wan prevented by «ne of ibc crew, who 
pve me a ftroke on the head, wbieii 
immediately laid me fenfclefi ; and I 
tbund afterward!, they miltook ma for 
one of theirownmen. whom they had 
Tent to purch^fe fomelbing in the town. 
A more infernal crew than tkefe pi- 
rtitct breathed not upon the face of .tfrn 
enrth. Their whole livei weic a fecM 
uf mpine and murder, which, whem. 
they had not an opportunity of commit- 
ting upon wretcbea that fell into tbeic 
cltiicliea, during their piratical ptirfuitt, 
ihry committed upon one another. Du- 
riii^^ the time that I remained with tbeni,. 
which wai upward) of three yean txA 
thiee quarters, there was no lefa thaa 
elev::n alTaSinationi amon^ themfelvei. 
There waian uninhabitrd illand, about 
twelve league* weft of the gulph of' 
Mexico, which thofe villains called 
Swallow iflaiid, from the great number* 
of tbofe birdi which harboured upon it. 
Here xhtj bad a fortilication ( and the 

Ehce being rendered ainoft inacccflibla 
y rcckt, except at one little inlet, jntt 
lirge enough to admit a fingle vefle 
they defied the Spanifli power, 

irheir captain was oticBiyan VftAfk 
an IrifbmzB, whom 1 cannot help cal- 
ling a moft eaecrable and bloody villain. 

tbo' God Almighty nut it inxo V\« 


lift ij^Ambrofe Owinctt, a Beggar, 


When I was brought into the ftiip» ajid, 
immediately after, into the captain's 
cabin, the lirft perfon that accodeJ me 
was one of the fellows that haul broke 
OTlt of .prifoHj and had formerly been 
^der my tare. He knew me dire^liy ; 
iipd, without any more ado, di awing 
<iut bis banger, aimed a ^oke at me, 
which (ailing upon my neck, entered 
deep into the flelh, and muft infallibly 
luve put an end to my life, had not the 
captain pretrentcd it, by nifmg his cane 
between him and me, which broke the 
farce of the blew. Trom (his moment, 
he feemed to take me under his protec- 
tion. At his own requcft, I gave him 
X biftory of my life, which aftonifhed 
him greatly : but, notwithftanding I 
pleaded hard to hn fct on (hOre again, he 
abfolutely refufed ; and, in fpite of all 
fny entreaties to the contrary, brought 
nie to the ifland and fortification I have 
already mentioned, where, findinj^ I 
tMuld read and write, two qualifications 
he wanted himfelf^ be*tbought I might 
be of ufe to him. 

I have already faid, that with thefe 
people I remained upwards of three 
years : on land I a£lcd as flore<»keeper j* 
lind» at CtZf as a foil of ourfer to the 
ibip. It IS to be obOrved, that there 
was always a fufiicient number of hands 
left on the illand, to man the fort, 
which was fo fituated as eifcfloaUy to 
prevent the appi'oach of an enemy. In- 
deed, the omce of ftorc-keepcr was a 
place of great truft. You would hardly 
credit me» was I to attempt to tell vou 
the immeofe riches thofe robbers had 
aunaiTcd together. One article alone will 
be fuiRctent to gi«e you an idea of it. 
pnderAne flied, I myiclf reckoned three 
thoufand eight hundred balei of Endiib 
goods ) and I may fafely declare, that, 
in other merchandize of almoft every 
kind, they fell nothing bch'md : and, 
vipoh an average, there could not be lei's 
in their coffers than two hundred tlion- 
fand pounds fterling in fpecie, bci^des a 
great quantity of gold in burs. 

The continual tenor that wait on my 
snind while { remained with thefe peo- 
ple is not to be imagined ; but, to give 
you a dwtail of my manner of life while 
I endured this woiil of bonJa^^c, would 
t)e tedious, becaufc it had ro variety, 
and (hocking to boot, as I was Totced 
to enter into all their horri.-t fchcmcs. 
J fhall only tell you, tha(, in one of 
our cruixes, having met with a Jamaica, 
(hip, we ho«iled out our black coloun, 
and, havinc; hoaidcd her, hcrauic Hie 
inadi fuiuc icfiitancc, a;:J killc.) cnc of 

our men, the captain ordered that th# 
wnole crew fhould be maf&cred j which 
wicked command was executed upon 
the m after, five feamen, and a boyt ia 
a manner, before the cruel monfter^i 
eyes ; then taking the cargo out, whidi 
proved to be rum and fugar, we fcuttled 
the fhip, and returned to our forti6- 

Bur, to fee how the avenger of wicked 
deeds makes the fruits of our crimes 
our punifliment, this cargo of rum, 
which was of a kind not many degreee 
(bort of aquafortis, was drank by the 
men with luch a furor, that, in-littl* 
more than three days, not a drop of it 
was left ; and, out of our compliment 
of eighteen men, feven abfolutely loft 
their fives by it, among which was thff 

I cannot but confefs I had fome at-* 
tachmcnt to this man, becaufe he al- 
ways appeared particularly attached to 
me : ^when, therefore, I faw him lie ^ 
fenfelefs on the floor, overgorged with 
this infernal liquor, I did every thine I 
could to recover him, and fo far fuc* 
ceeded, at to bring him to his fen fes j 
but thf cjuantity he nad drank had in- 
flamed his bowela to a degree to be af- ^ 
fwaged by no Icoitives that w.ia in my 
power to procure him. He was fietzed 
with intermitting convulfions, which, 
the next day, carried him off: but, 
about four hours before he died, he 
called to me, in prefence of all the men, 
who f^d about him in the cabin, and 
defiring me to fi| down, with pen and 
ink, to draw his will, he left me fole 
heir to his ihare of the booty, £gning 
the paper with his mark ; which paper, 
through a fisries of unheard-of misfor- 
tunes, I b^ve prcfcrved in my cuftody 
ever fince. 

We buried the captain the next day | 
and, on inf}ieflion and partition of the 
tieaiuie, I found myfeu woith confide- 
rably mote than forty thcufand pounds 
l^erling. The perfons now remaining of 
our company were, Jufcph Wright, 
Andrew Van Hootcn, a Dutchman, 
James Winter, and myfelf, the four 
principals, befide< four common men, 
to whom wc afli&^ned five thoufand 
pounds a- piece, which we gave to each 
of thcrn in dollars ) nor oid I obfcrve 
any difiontent among them on account 
of the bequtft the captain had made 
to nie. 

All my thoughts were immediately 
bent on ^jetting off the illand to fome of 
the Engitfli fcitlements. *I plainly per- 
ceived, tiui my cuuipanioiis wanted to 

JJfe cf Atnbrofc G'^vinctt, a Btg^ar. FJ1 

" brought u» ' ill ;^iifo iL -pntqr hcte 
** berc ; if it had hot )>«» for 7*u, m 

two tbTS were prcMiad to lail. But, 
thwuh wtpoti.coMl>dfrtbkqiiMriiti9f 
■ boud, the qwuitilf uU 

•to ^dk at IU> «U ynakct < bw, one 
Jt^t nlhNtipMibeliifafiftaf ■aothtr 
.«MHb X ivn&BMd U dtm dw daa- 
1^ sad — mwfnrtilili fiturioa we all 
waeiaj tka «• tari tack of it* a nir 
amlc brtoM w tvppon mm meg part 
if ika wcrid I it «u thnrcrore n^ ad- 
aic^ Aat an AaaU iaii»a4iatd,r p«t 
anr tfoAve oa board, with ai BOcb ff 
|hc nn^andin ■• wa ooaU coueni-' 
catlj cam off, aad auke lbs bet of our 
tmr Is H-ifT*. whm» thaa wa« qo 
. dMbt tawc ftMU bt wdl received, 

ThM igtecd l« the HoBolal *ldi 
morailioMylhiin I tbottghttneriraaU- 

.- jt warehou&t wa* altonKbiaf. 
Matned the fdlmn of their rapacitj, 
andAadai^ar of too deeply loBdiog 
' ihafeip, bat ibnr would- not give over , 
til) Ibc could hold no more { and then . 
Aa tiMfitn,' packed in chefta, each 
■an'e ftare fiyaiate to himlelf, we put 
M iha adiUo. - 

Wc weired anchor ihe 3d of Aug. 
aad.ior tbrCadayt, we had excellent 
'-wcttbet ; bnt the (bunk, a ftorm bc^n 
tOtbtoktcB, and the fymptoni* fiill in- 
-crcafios, hj midnight Aicb 1' war wai 
taifisd between bea*en and earth, ai, to 
that hoar, I never vru witneri of. A- 
boBl three o'clock in the mornins, we 
■ran ebHgridto heave the lbi|i 10 under 
bcr bare' pole* ; and the Tea ran fo ex- 
ceeding high, that we could venture (o 
Jceep no light* aboatdi though the night 
waa (o iirk that we could Tcarce fee one 
another at a quarter of a yard diSaoce : 
the wind Hill cncrcaJlng, we fprunz the 
' main maS about fix feet from the deck, 
that nothing coold lave it. We now 
■began tp fitl the confequence of too 
deeply lading the vcfij. The fiift 
thing! wc threw orerboard were our 
gun* ) and, a* our tale beeaoie more 
and more defptraie, every thing follow- 
fi Ihim, not excepting- our chefti of 
Ireafure. Thui, I wat once more re- 
duced .ro n)y original Rate of poverty. 
A« day-light appeaid, thcilorm abated. 
Weihen, as well a> we wereahle, cieA- 
tA'liuy-mi&f, aod,in about fourhouia, 
managed with the grcattH difficulty, (o 
'get the vcScl again under fail. 

I waa now ftanding b«jiind ih« man 
.at the wheel, leiaing againA the miaen- 
naft, rcturaiog God ilianke in my own 
-aniad for our amving efcape, when the 
, boatfwain amt up to me, and ftid, 
-f' Dwwt «VNr G«iwti| rw hare 

" tngfor fb many year* 'i but jou lop 
" too, I affiireTou." I alLed him wbat 
hem^nt) he Mud he would let me fbfi 
unan whicH he and tno or dine othM 
of them that iamc brhivd 'htm, fsttiof 
me by the nape of the nec^ and tim 

. waiftbaad of the breacbea, forced mc 
over t^ rail* of the (foaner dcckf ani 
dfopt me into the fea, 

Tffe dfock of the lall, and the amiM 
I wB> In 5om fo nncxpt^tcd an aod* 
■dent, almoft bcrnved me ol ny Anfti ■ 
I endeavoured, howcvv^ to kip njrf^ 
aborewateruwella* I coijd, thon^ - 
I had no manner of bopea of JVviSJk 
nnrlifa. My £rft nttirmpc waa'to iwM 
after tlie ihip J bnt finding Aatinlpne- 
licable, I tuned about, and 1 'beli^ 

. might have iWam about three'i^danaM 

. of an hour, wjicn beiAg vcTf Ain^ a^ 
^aieak, I began to put up ftiy liijiiijiw 
loGoil, anddctermiacd m comJinit myia 

. lelf to the bottom of the deep { but,jt 

me, a body, which at fiHt I took, for ft 
barrel, but. Good Loid I what wa* mf 
joyandallonilhmciiE, when coming near 
It, I perceived it to be one of our own 
boali, which had been waQied overboud 
ibe night befoiej nnd, I0 complete luf 
)oy, the rar* were lulbcd to the feat. 
Almoll Tpent a* I was, I made a Ihifl to 
^t into it i and here 1 Taw myfclf Aaed 
in a miraciilou* mauuei', from . the fury 
oF the ware*! bnl at the liime tirac^ 
I found myfelf in an open boa^ at leat . 
fixty leagues from nny lar.^, without a 
Compaq, or any kind of noutiOiment 
wbatfuever, unlefi I might count fuch 
Ibmc tobacco I had in a box in one of 
my waiftcoai pockets i and I beliwe in 
my confcience, it affbrded a nouij|)i- 
rocnt that, in a great mealure, lielpcd 
to prefcrve mc. 

It was a verj- great blelSng fornie, 
that moderate weather followed the tem- 
pcft, by wiiich meant 1 wai enabled to 
keep'thebaal tolerably DcaHy. T could 
not be Icfi tlisn thirty liouii in ihii li. 
-tuation, when I wai taken u^ by a Spa> 
nidi canack) but I can hardly reckon 
^t among fortunate accidents j for, 
the (amedaythat I entered the Ail p, one 
of ibe men, while I wa* afUeji, bang- 
ing op my cloathi among the Oiroudt 
to dty, in doing it, empiiei my pocket*, 
■nd finding feveral panera relatira to 
Ifie gitfiet oCiira, at una u tiic<j w- 

■r ".--•*« 

14 ^il^ce of tbi Prophets rifptSing tht FaU. 

rived in Port RnyaJ, whither they were 

bound, they fcizcd me as one of that 

defpcrategang. I miift obftive to you, 

that when I hrd was taken into the /hip, 

I ]B;aTe a faife account of myfel! \ 

wluch caution was my niin : for now, 

tonfcfling the truth, and telling them I 

had been forced into the pirate^s fervice, 
■ with all that had happened to me among 

them, my prevarlcatu n made them fuN 

peft my veracity, and I was kept two 

years in prifon ; when, by what means 

I know not, fome of the wretches, with 
' whom I left our ifland, having been 
' taken as pirates, upon the Spanifh coafts 

in Europe, an order came to bring me 

over to Cadiz in Old Spain, in order to 

be an evidence. When I came there, I 

was again confined for many months ; 

but, at length, when the pirates were 

brought to their tiyal, inftead of being 

made ufe of as an evidence, I found 

* snyfelf treated as a delinquent, and with 
two others, condemned to the galleys 
for life. 

I worked on board them for fome 
years \ when the galley I belonged to 

* was ordered to Tea, againft an Algerine 
rover that infefted the coail : but, in- 
flead of one, we met with three of them. 

*' *rhe iffue of the engagement was fatal 
to us. The greatcil part of the crew 
were killed, and the reft taken prifoners, 
among which laft I was one, having lo(l 
the leg which you fee me want, in the 

After this, I pafied a lonn; and painful 
Havery in Algiers, till, with many other 
Englifli cajnivcs, I was releafcd, by 
agreement between the Dcy of Algiers 
and his Bntannick majcfty's agent. In 
the year X 7 30, Ii-eturned to England. 
The firft thing I did was to enquire after 
my relations ; but all thofe neareft 10 
me were dead ; and I found Mr Collins 
bad never returned home, fo I fuppofe 
he died in his paflage. Though not 
an old man, I was fo enfeebled by hard- 
ihips, that I was im.ible to work ; and, 
being without any manner of fupport, 
I could think of no way of getting my 
livi«g but by begging. Geiit. Journ, 

Mr. Urban, 

GIVE me leave fo reply to the re- 
queft of your correfpondent, who 
figns himfelf Vice Cotis vol. xxxvili. 
p. 523. wherein he is hot a little mif- 
taken in afTcrting that no mention is 
made of the f«ll of man in any of the 
fubfequent bocks of the Old Teftamcnt 
after the thiril chapter of Genefis j tho* 
thi:ie be oo exprcftion further of d)e cUf- 

obedienceof our firft parents than iit tliae 
chapter, yet there is a gradual continu- 
ation of fuch effc6ls of it in (he follows 
ingones, as plainly evince that man had 
been in a very diftercnt llatc, from whVC 
they relate, viz. ** And Cod faw thiC 
the vvickedncfs of man was grf at in the 
earth, and that every imagination <fr 
pui-pofe (as it (hotild be) of his heart 
was only evil continually," chap, vi. 5. 
And again in Ecclcf. vii. v. 29. " Lo 
this only have I found, that God hath 
made man upright, but they have fought 
out many inventions.'* And again in 
the book of Wifdom, chap. ii. v. %^, 
1+. ** For God created man to be im- 
mortal, and made him to be an image 
of his own eternity. Neverthelefs 
through envy of the devil came death 
into the world } and tliey that do hold 
of his fide do find it." Whith general 
corruption of our nature is often men« 
tioned in the holy fcripturrs Jer« xvit. 
V. 9. ** The heart is deceitful above all 
thinr^s, and defperately wicked : who 
can know it?"" / 

There could be no rcafon therefore 
why prieih or prophets fliould re-nind 
the Ifraciitcs of the fall, fincc it was 
well known among them, and the re- 
fic6lioa reciprocal, the bad confcquenc^t 
only of it were to be curbed. 

Teursy &c. F. Y. 

S I Ry Leigbf Jan. 16, 1760. 

IN the bills of mortality at London 
we often read two odd names, or 
titles, of diikmpers which I fanrv but 
very few know the meaning o^ viz. 
hi^aJ mould flfoty and Horfe Jbot bead, 
and which no phyfical author, that I 
have met with, unleis Allen, takes any 
notice of ; yet but too m« ny innocents 
are permitted to die of thefe two difor- 
ders, as do* monthly appear in thefe 
mortality bills above fiid. 

The firft, or Heoil mould Jbtt^ is a 
diforder always bom with children, f. 
e. They bring it into the world with 
them, and is no more than this, whence 
It takes its name : The edges of the 
fkull at the futures, or feains, ^efoecially 
the coronal, a little above the fore- head) 
over Aioot, or lap over one another, fo 
that the fibres of the meninges, as ana- 
tomifls term them { or the membranes 
inveloping the brain, are ftretcht, or 
torn, and the brain itfelf, for want of 
due room, is likcwife a little comprcffcd, 
whence fuch infants are often fei zed and 
carried oflF with convulfions, the caufe 
of which calamity being unfui'pefted, 
i« c«nfcquemly ofun overlooked. Or 


Onfome unnoticed Bifcafes in the Bills of Mortality. 15 

Mdom found out. This disfiguration 
by a lung labour, or ftmining* of paf- 
inj , isg-.'iicrally produced in the binh. 
For the cure of wbivh, caii in a (kiltut 
furgeun, ind let him dtxtcroufly tiy by 
the motion of his hand, %nd the bcil of 
ki> ait, carefully to extricate the q.vlt- 
bcjiing edg:s of the (kuU from each 
other, and by proper bandages to keep 
tbem fo. 

The feeond cafe is tte Horfe /boe heatU 
called fo, becaufe it fomewhat refeiiibles 
tbe fliaue of a horfe (hoe, by the vacan- 
cy and nollow dint itfornof on the liead. 
This dilbrdcr is the very revcrfe of the 
other i for here the futures of the flcuU 
a;( too open, troin the edges thereof be- 
ing at a dilLince from one another, fo 
thiat wide empty fpaccs lie between tlie 
margin cf the hoots, whiwh openings 
ai£ oct filled up foinctimcs under fome 

it proceeds from a defeat of nature*! 
cifirication, and is a fign of we^ikncfs, 
orihort life. 

Thii fuit place of the head fliould_bc 
kept warm» and embrocated often with 
rplrits of wine, and fpirit of fugar^ 
mixed up with the white of an egg, and 
palm oil to ilrengthen the fibres and 
keep out the cold, that from this early 
want of a bony dtftnce^ it may not ef- 
i;£i the tender brain. Of cbiKhen's 
liucalvs fully hereafter. 

TourSf ^c. J. Cook. 

A nfM Voya^f to the U\/}~lKJ:a j giv^ 

inff au Acczunt of the ^^.'arlcus KtitL/:J 

tb.i: Uv.ill klw tl' s^fi^ii ■•; :vr A/.7//- 

/>././, t.^eir Fcli^hfii Chz-^!^ 

y, znr.t '•.'', li'cirjf a/iJ CV.v; vur . e . By 

M. Ji-iiTA. Captain of the Majincs. 

Fu'i', t-^ii 12**. p. 508. 

»^pHI^J inllii:£>ivcai:d intertilirgwoik 

*• ccniiils of a fjrics of Icitis, From 

Th-: >i ir 1750 t» ir'iii whidi r.ic ad- 

cli:he 1 10 w.z M-r^uis de l" Ell. :»«!.. We 

C:.i;i ic.iiiitulatii the fubjti^s ot each, 

«r.d cxtv.ict I'uch {articiilurs as I'cem 

T.\ >%t ca:i u^. 

hiihz f;r :t L r. T T r .r , dat c . ! fi o - n Cape 
Frat^^is, ihe-uthor lieat'. of th-j illai:.! 
ci" Domingo, which was the firll pl:icc 
i;) America wheie the Spnniun'.i built 
town^ ai;d fortriffts. This illand is rc- 
maik.-.hlc for th? oiigin of the Venereal 
D.Tiail ; of which M. Boffii gives the 
fjl lowing arcoant. Towards the end 
tf the XVth century, the Spaniards, 
tLi.ili'.i? for gold, forced the unfortu- 
ra:c Iniian* lo wcrlc at the mires ar.d 
to cor.rir.ue eight or ten monilis aimott 
k'i^*td in the b:)weUof th; ea^th. This 

dreadful fatigue, the fulphureous fleams 
which continually exhaled from the 
mines, the want to which they were re- 
duced by the impoiiibility of fowing 
their ground, all thcfc caufes fo cor- 
rupted the nr.iA of their blood, that 
their faces were as )cllow as faffron 5 
and all pnrts of their bodies were co- 
vered with a kind of pull'.iles which put 
them to infupportable pain. Titeyfoon 
communicated this contagion to their 
women, and by their means to their 
enemies : the one as well as the other 
perifhed for want of remedy. The Spa- 
niards in defpair thought that thisplague 
would not fuilviw them into Euiope, to 
which they went fur change of air ; but 
they were millaken : at thvir return they 
communicated to the Europeans the 
difeale which they had received from tho 
Americans. Luckily, an Indian wo- 
man, the wife: of a Caililian, difcovertd 
fome time afiepi a certain wood named 
Guajaca/it which icrved to alleviate the 

Letter IL M. fio/fu fpeaks of 
Louifiana, a country, which formerly 
bore the name cf FUrUa. It was dis- 
covered by John Ponce dcLeon, March 
^5* ^S'^S' ^^*^ piob;iuly gave it this 
name on account of the beautiful ap- 
pearance of its fruit and bJolfoms. New 
Oriean*;, is the c.tpi:al cf L<.wilirina, is 
ijtuatcd on the banks of (he Miflilippi, 
one of the grLatcll rivers in the woild, 
a« it waters mo:e tii:.n Sco 1; aguts of 
countiy vc; y lit lie known. The favage 
C!.'ttimaci:fs aie TiLiicd on tiie weft of 
New Orleans. 0:ic oi liiem having af- 
iafTinated, in 1710, the Abbe tic S. 
Come, a minTunary, the French al- 
tackcri thoi'e pe.);>li', I'.cfeated them, and 
forced them to fue for pc.iv c, which wa* 
granted the:n on con..livijn tUat 
brought the head of tlic nuadficr. \Vi:h 
this they pundVjally compli-d, and ;.f- 
lerwards canw to oitcr i!ie govtrnor ihc 
cilumct of peace. The l"j;ccch \vl;ich 
tiieir oiator riaJc on that occ ificn is ic- 
markablc; we itir.!! quote part of it in 
order to give i'omc idea 01 the clcquer.ct 
of thofe Uvagci. " All ! how heauti* 
ful is the fun to-day in compariibn to 
what it was whin thou v.xrr cli:p:eafe»l 
with us ! How d.iiig/ious is a wicked 
man ! Tl^fj knowclt tli:it fuch a one 
a ! one k i 1 1 cii t h e (^.hiej of Frr:\.r' ,v^\.z. le 
d^ath has made our btil wauiors peiifh 
v/ith hini j we have only oKl men, wo- 
men, children I'.-tt, who ttrcichout 
tl'.eir bands to ti.ce a3 to a gowJ pai(.nt. 

j^ ih37 il^ I<? '.\.^ Millc.^uiei. 




i6 New Vcya^e to 

The jraJl which before filled thy heart 
lus j'.ift given place to h'^r.'^y ; the grmt 
lj>irit ^f no Iun)ycr inrcnffvl af^airtft our 
«3tion J i!)ou h.'it d?m:iij<:d the hcsid 
cf x.\c wickcJ mnn, in order to obtsin 
I^ice ; we invc fcnt it to (hce. Before, 
tlxc liin was red, the londs were filled 
vriih thorns nnd h: iars, the clouds were 
bl.ick, the water w:i^ tiouMed and Plain- 
ed with our biood, our women wept 
without ceafing the lof? of thf ir kinf- 
men, and were afraid to go in fcarch of 
wood to drcfs our v'^tuals ; our (Children 
ilirieked for fear j at the Icaft cry of the 
birds of night, all our waniorc ftarted 
up 5 they flept with their arms in their 
hands, our huts were abandoned and 
our lands unfilled, all our ftomachs 
were empty, and our faces lengthened j 
the game ned far from us j the fnakes 
htfM with rage, extending theif ftings ; 
the birds which perched near our dwel- 
lings -feemed by their forro%rful plain :s 
to warble to us only the notes of death. 
Now the fun is brilliant, the iky is 
clear, the clouds are difperfed, the 
roads are ftrewed with ro^Kii, our gar- 
dens and our fields will be cultivated, 
We will offer to the great fpirit the firft- 
fmitsof their produce; the water is fo 
c!e«r that it reflcfts o\ir faces ; the fnikes 
difaptiear, or rather are changed to eels, 
the birds delight us with the fweetnefs 
■nd melody of their fongs, our wives 
Mid Olir daughters dance till they for?rrt 
to eat and drink, the heart of the whole 
nation fwclls with joy to fee that vve 
walk in the fame patli with thee and the 
Freuch j the faHiC fun ihtill tnlitrhten 
lis ; we Aiall only talk for the future th.-; 
ftme language, and our hearts wiU only 
be one ; Whoever kills the French fliall 
kill us, our warriors wiii hum to prc- 
cure thetn food, yvt will all eat toge- 
ther? will not this be excellent? What 
f^yeft thou, my father ?" 

Letter III, The Oumas, like al- 
moli all the other American nations, 
b;.lieve that the fuprcme Ininj dwells 
in the fun, and that he would have us 
worfhip him in that glorious oib, as the 
author of nature, it is on thcib prin- 
dplet that ihey pay him tlicir adoration, 
as being the fenfible imajrc of the gi-cat- 
nefs and goodnefs of a God who vouch- 
iifes to reveal himfelf to nisfnkind by 
laTifliing his benefits upon them. 

The iVth Letter contains the tra- 
gical hiftory of the death of M. de la 
Salic, cdebrated forthcdifcovci-y which 
be made in 1681 of the great river St 
{.ewis, known by the name of Mifrifip- 
My aad ftyhd by the favages Mefcalfcpi^ 

the Wefi-hdits. 

which fignittttfAT/i^ truer s^ or the greM- 
Truer, M. de U Salle was murdered 
by the ravages in 1687. 

The Akemcms, a people who dweU* oil 
the biuiks ot a river which bears their- 
namcp.are the fubicft of the Vth Let^ 
Tfi a. Among tticm, dancing is intro^ 
doced 01) every occafion ; there are dan- 
cti of religion, of phyfic, of reioicing, 
of ceremony, of war, of peace^ of mar- 
riage, of death, of play, of bunting, and 
of Tcwdnefs j the laft| which was very 
wanton, and which was ptrform^ pri- 
vately and in the night, by the li^ht of 
a large fire, has been lately tboliihed* 
The Akan^at believe in a great (pirit, 
whom they worfliip in the form of a 
ferpent, or a crocodile. They fiar the 
devil, whom they ftile the bad fpirit. 
They al(b worfhip the fun and moon* 
When it thunders, they imagine that it 
is the author of life who fpeaScs to them 
in anger. Their country is one of tht 
fin eft and moft fruitful in the worid. 

Many £\iropeans make no difference ' 
between the favages and brutes, fuppof- 
ing that they have neither mlbn aor 
common fenfe : Several paflages ia the 
Vith and Vllth Lbttbrs prove that 
thefe favages ase only ib in name, am! 
that th«f French, who would impofe on 
them, have been impofcd on themfelvea. ' 
Forty years ligo, the Mifeurisy a people 
of Louiftana, had* no knowledge of the' 
Europeans. A traveller, or woodman, 
penetrated into their country $ he taught 
them the uR* of fire arms ; he Ibid them- 
fome mufkcts and powdt-r; thefe ren- 
dered them very fuccefsflil in hunting, 
and conleqTiently they had plenty of 
furs. Another woodman went thither 
fome time after with ammunition ^ but 
as the favages were already provided 
with it, they were in no halle to deal 
with tlie French adventurer. In order 
to difpcf^ of his powder, he had recouHe 
to a very extraordinary- llratagem. As 
the favages arc naturally inquifitive, they 
were curious to know how the powder 
which they called grain, grew in France, 
He made them believe that it was (owed 
in the fields, and that there were crops 
of it, as there are of indigo or millet 
in America. 

The Miifouris, charmed with this dif- 
CQvery, did not fail to fgw all the pow- 
der that they had left, whicl^ pM^d 
thtm to purchalb it from the French- 
man. He drew a confiderable profit 
from it in the (kins of beavers, ottextj^ 
&c. The Miifjurit virent frequently 
into the Savannah to fee if the powder 
grew 3 they cguk care ta appoint aif 


Kew Voyage to the Weft Indies, 


•v e r fe t r to prevent any animals fiom ri- 
raging the field of this fuppofcd crop ; 
but they foon difcovered the knavery of 
the trader. It is worth while to oSi'cnre 
that the faTiges are never impofed on 
more thin once, and that they remem- 
ber it; fo thefe were determined to be 
reTCDzed on the Hrft Frenchman- who 
Ihould come among them. Soon after, 
the thirft of gun induced our wood- 
man to fend thither his partner with a 
ftock of nwrchandize proper for trading 
with the Miflburis. They learned that 
this Frenchman was fent by him who 
hid cheated them; neverthelefs they 
concealed the trick that his predecefTor 
had played them. They even lent him 
the public hut, which was in the middle 
of the Tillaec, that he might there de- 
pofit his bales and merchandize ; when 
they were expofed, the MUTouris entered 
it in confufion, and all who had been 
fo fooHfli as to fow their powder feized 
' fome goodf, fo that the poor trader was 
deprived of his whole pack, without 
having any recompence made him by the 
iavages. The Frenchman exclaim. d 
loudly againft this proceeding ; he com- 
plained of it to the great chief of the 
nation, who anfwered him very gravely 
that " he would do him juflicc, but 
%with that view, he mull wait for the 
crop of powder, which his fubjc^s had 
fown by his partner*8 advice, and thut 
he might -be aflured, on the word of a 
foveretgn, that he would afterwards ap- 
point a general chafe, and that all the 
flcins of the wild beafts which (hould 
then be taken (hould he the rcwArd of 
the important fecret which the French- 
man had taught them.'* 

Among many intrrefting articles in 
the Vnith Letter, very remarkalWe 
is the heroifm of a favage who lacrafic- 
ed him^if to prerer\'e the life of his Ton 
whom fome other favages weie going to 
put to death. But this iiory it too long 
to be infer ted. 

In the IXth Letter, the author 
fays, that in 1735 ^^^ Canadians found 
near the river Ohio the ikclerons of /even 
.Leicphants * ; which makes it p:ot able 
^^^ Louifiana joined to India, and tliat 
thole elephants came thither fioin Alia 
by a pa?l of the weft with which wu are 
vet unacquainted. M. BoHu in thi^ 
letter, and in the XXI(^, makes many 
curious remarks on the manner in which 
America was peopled, and renders very 

* Mention has lately been made of thii 
ia che PhlVof^pbicil Tranftdioni (if wK 
Iftiftftk* not) hytheUte Mr CollinCon, 

fMobahle the opinion of thofc who be- 
icve that the new world was chiefly 
fupplicd wi'.h inh:tbitant?( by the Tar-*. Ceitiin it is, that there is much 
rcfemhlancc between the culioms of the 
Americans and ihofe of the ancient 
Scythians ; as appears by their religious 
ceremonies, their manners, and the kind 
of food on which they live. 

Letter X. A remarkable ftrataprem 
of an Italian to favc his life. Some^fa* 
vages, into whole hands he had fallen, 
preparing to put him to death, he told 
them that they were much in the wrong 
to wifh to dcllroy a man who carried 
them all in his heart. This fpeech a- 
mazed the barbarians : he alfured them 
that if they would allow him till the 
next day, he would convince them of 
the truth of what he aHi: med, adding^ 
that if he deceived them, they flionld do 
with him whatever they pleafed. He 
eafily obtained the reprieve he rcquefted. 
Then having fixed afmall Looking glafe 
on his brealt, he went up to the favages, 
who being greatly furpm'ed to feethem- 
felves, as tney thought, in the man's 
heart, granted him his life. 

Letter XL The autlior returns to 
France in order to ufc the baths of Boui - 
bonne for tlic lake of preventing the 
drangerous ronfequcnce of a gun-Oiot 
wound, wiiich he iccrivcd in his youtii 
at the attack ot Ciiatcau Dau])iua iu 

Letters XH, Xijf, XIV. He re- 
turns in a few months to Aintrica. 

Letters XV, aiui XVI. A dc* 
fcription of t!ie manner* of rhe Alliba- 
imns^ a peo;)lc who dv.'tll 01 ihe (alt of 
new OrKans. Tl»ey leoive tiian^\ni 
very civiiiy, and even treat tiiLin with 
a little n;oie hoi})italiiy than is r<-ui'ona- 
hie J they ctlVrrJ thrir il;;iiiHiiery to the 
French wIjo came to viiii iIkmi. VY.'ien 
a favage pailts rh;i;u^h a viliane, and 
has no wife, hehius a youni; woman 
for a ni'v'U or two, ni he pltiTs, anj 
hur partrits xwaVm no o\>\':c\w\\ \n i;j 
they concLrn tiiCi.'.lelvLT. Vi 1 y !-.tic I'liriMt 
llieir clau^hf"'^, iayii';: in i'.\r'j' , that 
th'-ir jj'-ilon:> aic at lluir own Jjijuijal. 
But Ub to tlu'i." wucs, tluit tl'j. y !»>' \\\\\\- 
rii c l:ave ;n:ted with rlicir li'M-iry, ::;j:i 
tlicicioic thi:y o\ij;Mt to jiavc no n-ru 
but their huA>uj«is. If a wor.!:.n '.': 'i.. 
tcOed ill ad;.ltt»y, the Icajt evil t;»r! 
btfali her !•» tne W\\\\\ (IJvfMcJ, iiftci • 
hearty bcatinj^. As to the in- n, thiy 
have a light to f* vcr.«l v.'ivf.'s, hut t'l^y 
are contented with one. Tho:.- v ho 
are warriors and ;*.v:oA V»\\tvv..\\^ >vv*v 
chttTe the hanJl'oit.t^V y^'ivs \ \.\\^ ov^.'.'.-- 

JVw Veyagi to the Weft Indies. 


hive only the rcfufe ^nd the homely. 
They hiccd tip their children very har- 
cfily ; making them bathe and Iwim in 
the winter at break of day} thus du- 
ring their whole lives, ih::ir bodies, 
which arc naked, arc no more Tenlible 
of cold than their faces and hands. 
The old men, who cannot follow them 
in a retreat, deijrc to be knocked on the 
head with clubs, beins^ afr>:d of fdling 
into the hands ot their enemies, and to 
lie burnt or devoured by them. For 
the favages in their wars maflacre men, 
women, and even infants at the bread ; 
this is one of the caufes of the depo- 
pulation of America 5 the fm:ili-pox, 
which is very fatal to the favages, is 
another. It is from fentimCitts of hu- 
manity that the fons fometimes tliiuk 
themfelvcs obliged to fliorten the lives 
of their parents, for in other refpe^s 
they have muchrefpe6l fortheir old men, 
and never undertake any enterjaize 
without having prcvioudy obtained their 
cbnfent^ When a man kills himielf 
either through defpair, or in a frenzy, 
he is denieda burial, and thrown into 
the river, being deemed a coward. 
Thefe people have curious ftratigems to 
catch the roebucks j for this purpofe 
they take the head of a male of that 
fpecies, which they dry. They carry 
it with them into the wood ; there, co- 
vering their back with the fkin of that 
animal, they thruft their aim into the 
neck of the dried head, which they 
have taken care to funiiih under the 
&in with little wooden hoops in order 
to hold it tight in the hand \ they then, 
kneel down, and in that pofture prcfent 
the head, counterfeiting the cry or bleat- 
ing of xthe roebuck \ thofe animals are 
deceived by that pofture, and approach 
very near the hunters, whq then make 
fure of their prey. Some favages have 
by this ftratagem deftroved about 400 
pt them in one winter*s cnale. 

Letter XVII. M. Uoflu had a 
narrow efcape in going up th(; river of 
Tombekhe. lie had ch^^icn, on the 
bank of the river, a pl^ce vef y proper for 
a hut or a tent. The lavages having 
had a great iifhery there, made him a 
prefcnt of a fandling, a kind of fiQi 
«i4iich they dry. and which might be 
aJKHit four feet long. As the weather 
trat fine, our author did not give him- 
Telf the trouble to pitch his tent; he 
only laid himfelf down on a retired plat- 
form covered with turf which hung over 
the river. He there fpread a hear- (kin, 
and wrapped himfelf up in hit tent, co- 
veriikg hit face with it oa Kcot^nt of Mif 

d('ws. He had taken care to place hii 
fifh :it his feet, for fear it ihould be 
ftoltn; but it happened much worfe* 
After h.iving f!ept an hour, on a fud- 
den he found himfelf dragged along by 
an extraordinary force. He waked in 
a great furprize, thinking he was drag* 
ged by the devil ^ in i^6t it was a cro« 
codile more than twenty feet long. Thia 
mxinftrous animal had come out of th« 
river during the ftill of the night, al- 
lured by the fifh which was unde^ the 
tent. As thefe amphibious creatures 
are extremely voracious, this threw him- 
felf greedily on the fi(h, and in carry- 
ing off his prey into the river, he drag- 
ged abng M. Boflfu by a comer of the 
tent in which he was wrapped. Hap- 
pily h>: had juft time to extricate him/elf 
oh the hrink of the precipice, and ef- 
caped with being only thoroughly fright* 

The CcUapijIfas and Ouojicboj, two 
fmall nations that dwell above New 
Orleans, hght with the crocodiles in the 
following manner. Thry arm thcm- 
lelves with a piece of hard wood, or of 
iron pointed at each end ; they grafp it 
by the middle, and fwim with their am 
at full length ; the crocodile approaches 
in order to devour the favage*s arm. 
who thruds into hts mouth his hanj 
armed with this piece of wood, and the 
crocodile wounding himfelf in both hit 
jaws, wliich he can neither (hut nor opea 
the favages drag him aihore. 

Letter XVIII. A defcriptiou of* 
the couRti-y and manners of the CbaBtuSm 
This is the mod warlike and populous 
nation on the contiaent of Louifiana^ 
They are wholly devoted to the French, 
They aie.fond of war, and prafiife fe- 
veral good Aratigems. They "never 
fi^ht a pitched battle, they only fkir- 
mifh; they hold their enemies in high 
contempt, without however being grea| 
boafters \ for when they come to blowa 
tht^y fight with great refolution. There 
arc fome women who have fuch a regard 
for their hulbands, that they follow 
them to war. In a battle they remaia 
dole by their (ide, with a quiver fur- 
niAied with i^rrows, and encourage them 
by continually urcring them not to fear 
their enemies, and to die like true mm^ 
It is an eftahli(hed cuilom among theni^ 
tKat when the chief of a pavty has taken 
a booty from the enemy, be muft divide 
it among his warriors and the relations 
of thofe who have been killed in the 
war, to dry up, as they fay, tbiir ttttn. 
The c^ict refervet nothing to himfelf 

«f bcMf iIk Rftoitr ttf Mhtettlieaflk(Biittranoftiie9icurI>«* 

rouxy commawfant of tbe ifle of Can 


Atnriccp «Uck occm fi oos focb i nnm- 
lo-af crimes in tbc old world, is oo- 
ktoiro in die new. No Amcricsiis are 
6 cruel as to vorder tkcir luvthren in 
caU Idood, or to dcAroy them by hMit 
w fawJU in order to poflels their cftacaa. 
Thve are here no intrignes for riches by 
■Mans «nbecomiog human nature. No 
voHMB is ever known to poifon her huf- 
hod, aa in Eorope» in order to mairjr 
Main I nor do they ever deftroy their 
aDdren. in order to appear chafte. The 

abhor thofe chriftiaas 
they Ice gniJty of this \ they o(>* 
Mfeto them the wildeft beafts in their 
M«§a» wlio take the utmoft care of 
4fceir oflspring. The Cbaftaes'haTe no 
dbine worftio { tiiey uke the time as- 
it eomes without any concern for the 

ibtnre, and they believe the immortali- ' Swift. 

— » ■ ■- — — — — -^ -— .— — - -»._—— 

in 1757. He was extremely cruel and 
ferere. Thoic (Udien who had been 
l^uilt}* of any laulr, were, by his order, 
tied to a tree, ouite naked, and expofed 
to the intollerable ftin^ng of tbe gnats. 
Some fotdiere went to new Orleans to 
complain of their commandant to M« 
'de fCerlefeej but that guifemor| of 
whom our j|uthor draws a wry difad- 
Tanraj^eons piAurea paying no regard 
to their jnft remonlbances, they retunw 
ed quite defperate, and determined to 
reven^re themftlves. Thry maflacred 
tbe Steur-Duroux, and iled. Some of 
them were taken and put to death. A 
Swifs of the marine redment of Hal- 
wyl, was fawn afunder afire bv thie mid* 
dies M. Boflii fays that this pnniOi* 
mtnt of the (kw is ufual among tht 

ty of the ibnl. When at their return 
tKm war or hunting, they are tired and 
txhanfted with fatigue, they recruit 
Atefelresby fweatingin ftures*; for 
Ais purpofe, tbey boil in the ftore all 

The three laft letten contain fomaob* 
fervations on dte natnrml hiftory of Lou* 
ifiana, on the curious animals and mo^ 
dicinal ^ants that an found there, on 
tlie population of America, the manned 

fifts of medicinal and odoriferous herbs, .of preferring health in the new worid^ 
wtiofe virtue and iaits exhaled with tlie &e. The wnole Is worth reading. 
Aeam of the water, by reipiration and 
tbe pores enter into the body of the pa- 
tient, who thereby recovers his ftrength i 
This remedy is no leTs efficacious in af- 
waging and removing all kind of pains | 
thus neither £rout, nor gravel, nor many 
•ther tniirinities which are common in 
£urope are known among them. 

When the women are with child, 
their hufbands abftain from fait and eat 
no pork; from an idle notion chat this 
faxl may be prejudicial to their chil- 
dren. The vromen are never delivered 
in die hut \ they ^ to lie inn in tbe 
woods without bcms affifted by anv 
one. As foon as they are delivered, 
they themfelves wafli their children : 
They never fwaddle them, nor bind them 
in CK>ths with bandages. They do not 
#ean them till they are tired of their 
mother's milk. Tneir cradles are made 
of ruihes; the mothers lay the infants 
there in fuch a poihire, that their heads 
are 4hree or four inches lower than their 
bodies; for this reafon we never fee 
among the ^vages any that are crooked 
or hump- backed. 

In the XlXth Letter, M. Boflii 

* Thefe are round buts, built in the. fliape 

of an oven in the middle of a village ; tbefe 

Hoves are msinuincd by an AUkxi, or public 

Tiiyficisd. [Dr Dominiceti't at Chelica, 

fecm to be cooftrufted oo the fame princi* 

Huetiona^ continued fr^m foL xxxviii* 

Honours paid to Virgil. 

IF we had no other proof of the merit 
of Virgil than the boundlefs praifes 
of his contemporary poeti, this would 
be a demonttration of it. They prefer- 
ed him to Homer, and fatd, the /Bneid 
wu the moft excellent work that Koine 
ever produced. They thought it facri- 
lege to cenfure hit veries. The Roman 
people aflfembled in the theatre, having 
heard fome of them repeated, rofe tip 
to do him honour, and naving learned 
that Virgil himfelf wasprefent, paid him 
the fame veneration that they would 
have done to Auguftut. That age was 
not fo envious as the prefcnt, and the 
magnanimity of the Romans appeared 
in this particular as well as in every 

thing elfe. 


CharaStr of Ovid, *Tibullui and Pio- 

I formeriv drew upon myfclf the re* 
proaches of the Academy at Caen for 
preferring, in ibme refueAs, Tibullus 
and Propertius to Ovid. What I faid 
they, is itpoffible to urefer the languor 
and fterility of Tibullui^ the harflinefs 
and inequalities of Propertius, to the 
fwectnefs, the fertility, and the wit of 





Critique on ibi H^orks of OviJ. 

Ovid 1 I begged to be heard in my own 
|uftification, and fpoke as follows : 
** 1 2m fecond to none in my xeal and 
aiife^ion for Ovid. I have delighted in 
him even from my infancy. But when 
my tafle was improved by age, I was 
(Convinced that we ought not to give 
ynto a genenl admiration of all his 
works, nor prefer him, without diftinc- 
tion, to all otlici poets of the fame 
kind. I make a griat difference between 
his Booh if Lo've, his Metamorpbofis^ 
h\* Faflif and thole which he wrote in 
his exile. 

'< His Books of Love, and particu- 
larly the EpiJiUs to the Heroines ^ are 
more correal, more Audied, more ele- 
gant, and have even more wit and more 
3rt than any of his writings ; whether 
it were that the. fubje^l pleafcd him 
nioft, and his heart prompted his mind 
in the compofition, or that the fire of 
youth did then more illuftriouAy fup- 
poit and animate the beauty of his ge- 

•* The AfW««tff;^^tf/Jr/ are far inferior 
to thefe. It is a work languid, negli- 
gent, without fire, and without art. 
The conne£kions of his fables (which I 
was taught to admire in my infancy) 
are cold, and drawn in (as we fay) by 
the head and (boulders *. 

" His books entitled Fafii (or, of 
the Roman Calendar,) are much more 
valuable* The facility of his wit en^ 
abled him to treat very happily, under 
the reftraint of verfe, a fubje^ liitle fuf- 
ccptible of tLe ornaments of poetry. 

** His other books bear vifible marks 
of the dejection and melancholy to 
which his deplorable ftate of banifli- 
inent had reduced him. 

<* His chief fault (which indeed runt 
thro* all his works] is the unbounded 
luxuriance of his ftyle : He is ambiti- 
ons of faying every thing, and never 
knows when to (lop ; and has failed in 
that admirable addrefs, known only to 
the great maftert of the art, to mile 
thoughts in the mind of the reader writh- 
out cxpreffing them. I dare not fay, 
with Lambinus, that he was a bad wri- 
ter of latin, but I will be bold to fay 
that he has hazarded feveral words 
which are to be found no where clie, 
and which| it is plain, were coinej 
merely to fill up the meafure of the 
vcrfes where they arc placed. Bcfidcs, 
be was indqcile, incapable of corre6ling 
himl'tlf, fond of his own wit, and of 

♦ Mr. Huct is generally thought not to 
have done jufticc lo Che Mt^amor^bo^s* 

his faults, and paid no regard to tbt 
counfel of his friends. 

** But while we paint out his faults, 
we muft not defraud him of his julb 
praife. He difcovers every where a mind 
very elevated/ very extenfive, highly 
improved, and polf(hed by polite con- 
ver(aiion. In the midft even of his mo£ 
negligent works, fomc inimitable beau- 
ties elcape him. And, all things confir 
dered, he is a very agreeable authar, 
whom I would prefer to many others^ 
when I am inclined to amufe and divert 

*' But when the poetic genius of Ovi4 
is compared to that of Tibullus and 
Properiius, in the power of. moying the 
ai&ttions, in the waJ^^ and expremonj 
Ovid, in my opinion, muft Yield^ the 
palm. When Caefar gave his )udgmeht 
of Terence, he found him to be defec- 
tive in comic force : In like manner, I 
would fay that Ovid vi^XkU poetic force. 
And, infafl, giving him felf up (as he 
did) to his readinefs in ver(ification, it 
was impelfible that in fuch a copious 
flow of wcrds, he (liould preferve thofe 
ftriking figures, thofe lively and animate 
ed turns, which diftinguilh the poet 
from the verfifier."' I coyld fupport 
mv opinion by the authority of many 
^client judges of poetry : But I do 
not reckon Julius Scaliger in this num^ 
ber, a man indeed of a vaft and eleva- 
ted mind, but of a very bad tafte in po« 
ctry. If one had never read his Hyper^ 
critics f a work fo full of falfe views, 
where he is^ more bufy in piddling with 
words, and in altering corrupted verfet 
(often from bad to worfe,) than in 
forming afolid judgment on the general 
plan; I fay, (abftra^ledly from this) 
who can fubmit to the de^ifions of a 
man who has obtruded on the world fo 
many wretched verfes of his own ? 

Tbe Fulgar generally meafure the Genius 
of Men by their S(uality, 
Piato, in his dialogue on temperance* 
makes Socrates advance av.cry true max- 
im, which however is fcarce ever prac- . 
tiled now a- days. " We muft not 
confidcr (fays he) by whom things are 
faid, but whether they are well and 
truly faid.'' The Arabians have tranf- 
feri cd this maxim into a proverb f , Re^ 
gard (fay they) the thing that isjpoken, 
anil not the perfon by luhom it is fpoken. • 
Our age and our nation are far from 
])raftiring the wifdom contained in this 

♦ Charinid, Vol. if. p. i6i. 
f Arabian Provcfbs, Cent. i. Prov. 8R. 


fU H^0y tf the Bttpbin Eiitun »f tbt Oaffus. 2« 

l^ oficct, is ite opisiHi of the tuI* 
pr, cunie the owacn of tiMm to dtt^ 
ode io m afMtniy miQHKr conceming 
the sent of book* of wit ; aad tkev 
«iU have k^ that the ambitioD which 
fanmut bliLdlf beflowt in the worId» 
fifvt alio aa authoritf in letters s fv ch 
«ae thci feolMi of i tea fion of the tnmer^ 
wAdi^*. fie imagined him^f^arr- 
hnarof the merit and reputation of the 
IflMflad men who had piVcedcd him, ta 
le waa BMAtr of the ItYCt and fortunes 
^ hia /abje£b. After the wnidiod 
vcrfesof CluBrilns had been fo Itbcrally 
rswanled by Alexander t, did pofterity 
sbide by the capricious judgment of that 
priace ^ No» without doubt % They 
thooghc CZhipilus a bad poet, and Alex* 
aadec a badjudgeof poetry. 


Jmikmrj in nfiim Delphini. 
^ The conunentaries on the ancient La* 
lia authflrs, which were undertaken t>y 
tbeluBg*a order for the ufe of the Dau- 
fliniy and for the public fervtce, were 
entirely the thouaht of the duke de 
Mootanfier. As ne always loved and 
cultivated the Ar/Erx £r»r#/y and took 
pleafnre in reading the ancients, as 
much as his various employments civil 
and military would permit him, he often 
aiet in his way with ohfcure palTages 
which ftopped him for want of commen- 
taries vrith which he could not crowd his 
haggage. The(e obfcorities were of two 
ibrts, they either lay in the text and ex- 
preflSmi or the author ; or they regarded 
points of hiftory or niythology^ the un- 
derftanding of which depended on the 
knowledge of antiquity. He therefore 
Iboght remedies for thefe two obftacles s 
He thought that a new tranflation would 
prove a comment, and clear the obfcu- 
lities of the text ; and that matters of 
ancient learning might be explained in 
notes. It were to be mifhcd, for the 
vroithy execution of this dciign, that as 
great a number of perfons could have 
been found conliimmate in the BeiUs 
Lettris as there were authors who de- 
ferred this culture. 

But as it would not have beerf reaibn- 
able to divert learned men from their 
fhidies and employments without a Aii- 
table recompence, the king was williog 
to take this intoconfidcration, and upon 
the remonftrances of M. dc Montaufier, 
be undertook the expence of it, which, 
hj a jolh calculation that was made of 

* Spartiais. in Adiiaao,Cap. i6. 

^ Herat. E^itt L. a. £p. i. ver. 23s. 

it, could not amount to lefs than } or 
400,000 francs *, to carry the fijan to 
pcrfcdion. M. Colbert deftryes to ht 
applauded for the warmth of his teil hi 
Iwnour of learning, which he dilUo. 
guilhed on tliis occafion by opening tbt 
royal tieai'ure with a good grace and a 
liberal h«md to fiimilh the nccclTiry es- 
pence. , \ 

I was chsrgcct, vith the direAion of 
this dcfign ; and X fixed upon forty claf^ 
fie authors to compofe tnu colled ion s 
But in t.e fearch which I made of a 
like number of able critics, it was not 
eafy to find perfons.duly qualilitU tn put 
them irf ihe condition which I dtiircd. 
We were obliged to make uie of fueh 
as we could meet with. They were of 
different capacities 1 Ho^vvver, this oo» 
eafion made me entertain a defire of giv. 
ing every one of ihefe authors a completo 
index ol ail the ^rords contiinpd in i^ 
well knowing the great advantages tha 
republic of Tetters received from the 
fmall number of like indexes taat were 
already iu the hands of tlie public. I 
carried my views fttU farthtr, and pre* 
.pofed to incorporau all tlioii; purlieu I ar 
indexes, when they fliould be finifliiMl, 
and to coinpofc one geneial index out 
of the whole, which Oinuld rompiit'e, 
and (if I may ib Ipeak) circumUiUie 
the limit) of the Latin tongue. So iliaC 
by meant thereof one mi{;lu And 111 a 
moment, and with certainty, the birth, 
age, ufage, fignificaiion, fortune, du« 
ration, fall, and extinction of every 
word. The Roman lan^u.iee and Ho- 
man antiquity never received fo iblid a 
fuccour, and lb fecure a prcr«.ivative 
againft ignorance and baibarilm, as this 
would have been t But the length of 
the undertaking, the downcfs of the 
commentators, and the marriage of the 
dauphin, which made him lav afid^ hia 
ftuoies, ftopped us in the midft of our 
courle, and put an end to this labour, 
[fii be continued,] 

Tranflation of a Letter from GsNEaaL 
Paoli, to an Engltjb Qentlamn, 

Y^U are, without doubt, acquainted 
-^ with my true fentiments en the fitu- 
ation of our z?t\\i%. My charader has 
not been that of a Hero of Romance, a 
Quixote, or an Amidit. There it no- 
thing more real than the objtA I pur. 
fue : but if inftead of a real obje^, I 

* Vahiing the French f/anct xz 1%, 6d. 
cadL 400,000 fianct saywot v> i^,>rfj. 


Letter from Paoli to a Correfpondent. 

purfue a .chimera, I am deceived in- 
deed $ yet my error (hall never feduce 
me to defert the common caufe. What 
are for the moft part the objefls of our 
frarfuitSy but dazzling chimeras^ which 
have no other exiftencc, than that' which 
our lively and deceived imagination lends 
them ? Upon this principle, I will pur* 
foe my nrft plan ; and if that liberty 
which I leek, is not to be found any 
where, I ftill (hall account him my ene- 
my, who will undertake to remove 
tht delu(ion from my tight 1 Iiet me en- 
joy this dream, which to me, appears 
ib much like reality. 

. The otters that have been made me, 
arc both injurious to mt, and repugnant 
to that fpiritof libeity, which circulates 
with my blood in my veins, and which 
4ia]l circulate with it to the laft drop. 
YoQ little know the courage of the Cor* 
ficans, if yon can believe they will ever 
fubmit to a foreign yoke. All the ef- 
forts of Genoa have proved ineflFe6(ual, 
againft their valour and love of liberty ; 
and- (hail we then fnb-.nit to another 
vower that comes to offer us its chains ? 
The rocks that furround me (hall melt 
away, e>r I will betray a caufe which I 
hold -in common with the lowcft Oorii- 
can. Noj I never will become the 
baie dc(h'oyer of my country, after hay- 
iDjg been -the generous defender of it. 
It any man was capable of enflavinj^ 
me, it would be the Comte dc Marbeu^ 
and the king his mafter could not have 
chofen a more enchanting man : but 
YOU. know, Sir, the price of liberty, 
bkt health, is only known when loft j 
they are the moft precious enjoyments of 
life. Let the mean (laves ot their maf* 
ters wills fawn at their feet, and re- 
nounce the natural rights of humanity ; 
as for rae, I have learnt to be free ^ I 
would facriftce ten lives if I had them : 
I have but one, but that (hall not fur- 
vivemy liberty. Be a(ruted. Sir, I (hali- 
ever be immoveable. Gold lofes its 
fplendor, when offered as the price of 
liberty. Honours arc only able to daz- 
zle fools, if they are not to be obtained 
but by renouncing the privileges of hu- 
man nature. What does it (iznify to 
roe, that I am able to command a mul- 
titude of (laves, who (hall come and 
humiliate thcmfelves at my feet, if, in a 
quaitcr of an hour afterwards, I am 
forced, in my turn, to humble myfelf 
at the feet of another, one degree higher 
than myfelf? . If I fall the viAim of li- 
b'.rty, I (hall fail nobly, and teach others 
to iacrifice thcmfelves to the common 

caufe. Our love of liberty will fobfift^ 
even among the ruins of our country | 
it will be enlivened by fire, be born 
again of the a(hes, and will grow, tho* 
in irons. Of one (lau^htcred hero will 
be produced a thotifand ; and as Ter- 
tuUian faid of the primitive martyrs of 
the church. Their blood will be fruit- 
ful, and heroes will never be wanting 
in Corfica. 

An Account of a laie extraord'tnarj^ Ab» 

iiicsition in'S-weden, 
** QOME differences having arKcnbe- 

t3 twecn the Senate and the Board 
of Treafury, the Senate had rcfoly- 
ed on the eftablifhment of an extraordi- 
nary tribunal to take cognizance of^ 
and to decide them. Of which the 
King being informed, he went to t!ie 
Senate on the 12th of December, de- 
clared his difapprobation of that mea- 
fure, propofed the holding an A(rembly 
of the State!*, and caufed a writing to 
be entered in the rcgifters of the Senate 
in his prefence, at the end of which, his 
Majclty declared, that if the Senate 
continued to oppofe the Convocation of 
the States, he would abdicate the crown. 

" As loon as the King had retired, 
the Senate took into confideration hii 
Majefty's declaration. At the ciofe of 
their deliberation, the Senators Friefen- 
dorfF and De Ribbing went to court,, 
and earneftly prayed the King that he 
would dc(iit from his demand j 'but his 
Majc(hr declared he would not, and de- 
fired that the Senate might give him a 
catagorical anfwer. An hour after, (ix 
other Senators went and iutreated the 
King to grant the Senateadelay of four 
days. His Majefty then lofing all pa- 
tience, told them, that he canfidcred 
their requeft of a delay as a refufal i 
that he renounced the government till, 
the States (hould be aflembled, that he 
forbad the dilpatching the leaft bufmefs. 
in his name; and that he in(ifted the. 
fealt (hould be delivered to him. 

*« The next day the King fent the 
Prince Koyal to the reljieftive Boards 
thei^ to read xhe following declaration : " 
— * We order by thefe prefenu 

* our dear fon the Prmce Royal to 

* notify to the offices of the State, 

* that judging it nece(rary to convoke 

* the States of the kingdom, we had 

* prefumcd that the Senate would have 

* confcnted thereto this day, which 

* not being done, we can c6n(5der this 

* (itence only as a refulal 5 confeque»>tly 

* we find borfdves under the nccc(rity 

• of 

Attmnt ^ fbe late AUicatwfh SitkJm. 

* of alhltcatiiifl; tibe Regency, until tSit 
^ (ajA Stitet £all be ccnvokecL 

^ Dfat^ StoeUmlM, Die* 13, 1761. 

Adolphvs Frbdi&ic.x.* 

« The Prince went firft to the; Bonrd. 
^ tiK Chancery, and afterwards tolomt 
othcn, where he read the above ocder{ 
aid dnnanded the feab in the firft- men* 
fioM Board, bnt the keeper of them 
being abfent, the requeft of hit rpyal 
kighneft could not be complied witti. 
9ofve?er the prince fignified to the mem* 
hen of that college, uiat thev (hould b« 
refponfiblc tohisMajefty and the Stales,, 
if ttey continued to make ufe of them* 

** In confequence of this notification, ' 
ill the public offices were fuipended, 
sad their reipediye members waited on 
tk fcnate and declared, that without 
iVe king*s authority, the functions of - 
ikt iite could no longer operate | and 
that tlie public adminifiration of aifiurt 
araft^bfolutely oeafe. 

" To thcfe Declarations the mem* 
bers of the magtftracy of Stockholm 
vent in a body, and prefented their re- 
monftrances ; adding, that as no letters 
DUent were iflued for convoking the 
ayet, the magiftracy found theml'elves 
under the indilpenfible neceflity of con- 
vening the order of Burghers. Thefe 
iereral applications had the defined ef- 
fe£L The fenate, at length declared 
\u refolution, to con fen t to the deiired 
aflcmbly of the States, and the King's 
concurrence was re(^uefteJ, to confirm 
the jMtKlamation for that purpofe^ 
whole afTent was readily obtained. 

** This was no fooner ifTued, dian 
his Majefty refumed the reins of govern- 
meht, appeared again in the Senate, and 
nade the following fi^eech : 

** I appear again in this place, pene- 
trated with the moft lively acknowiedg'. 
ment at its having pleaied the Divine 
f rovidence, who dire^s all things, that 
I flioi^ld refume the gOTemment of my 
kingdom, and with the more fatis fac- 
tion, su the convocation of the ftates 
gives me hopes of being able to relieve 
gnr faithful fubje6U from their mifery, 
1 will not undertake to anfwer what 
the fenators have alledged againft my 
refidntion, fince it is all buried in obit- 
vion, by the convocation of the States. 
I di^l demonftrate to the States the u- 
tjlity, and the neceffity, of ray reiblu- 
tion, for the maintenance of the liberty 
and juftice of the nation; Myconfci? 
fDce dots aotis^ tbelm^gwpMQh mc in 


all thi« ; what has lately happtnod, p«w 
hajM will be alone fufficient to evince tb* 
juftice of my defignt* I am, moreover, 
fully fkerfuaded, dut all that I havi 
done will be approved^ ooC only at pre* 
ient, but in future*** 

Jm JectMMt rftbe MtUUrs n&mpmrfimif^ 
im FRANci/er iicpitoyiNG tktkr 


ny an cdid oftbekingof Fnmc»r 
Xj waftn hnda of eveij kmd brooghc ^ 
into tilth, are exempted tSsr twenty ytuw 
from all taxes; and ftranscrs are in* 
vtted to iettle on fuch uncultivated laadiy 
with the privilege of enjoying all the bo» 
nefits of natural bom lubjeAt j and an* 
the improvement of wafte lands is wu 
tended widi confiderable expence, mli<» 
cation has been made to the dergy, Ati 
fuch lands fluwld be free of tytbe for s 
time { alledging, with much truth, tbar 
as the firft crops do not equal die ex« 
penoe^ fo it is un|uft to carry off a tenth 
of the whole produce, before the far-> 
mer it reimbursed. Thbtax, ftytbe 
laiety, becomes a real prohibition of» 
fuch improvements $ efpecially to ftr^ 
mers, who beginning with fmall capi- 
tals, cannot lie long out of their money. 
And if the government, add they, gives 
up the taxes raifed for the fervice of tho 
public, how much more (hould the cler- 

}fy, in this cafe, give up the tythes, 
mce it is their duty to fet examples of 
diftnterefted |ood-wiU to the public; 
efpecially as, m this inftance, they can- 
not be lofers, the land being fuch as 
never paid tythe before. They (hould 
alfo refle£k, that this indulgence will- 
encourage farmers to exert themfelves in - 
improving wafte lands $ whereby the ' 
tytbe may in time become confiderable. 
This reafoning appeared fo juft to the' 
clergy of Britany, that they have <:/«- 
bmtarily g^nted an exemption from 
tythe for twenty years on land thus im- 

Giiaral Propqfilions eircuiated tbromgk 
France, f$r imprG<vifig the Breed of 

THE (heep which deferve the faigheft 
eftimation, are the Plemifh, or 
rather the Eaft-India fiieep, the Englifh. 
and the Spanifli. 

** In order to procure a better breed 
of iheep, it is propofed to eftablifh a 
fchool of fliepherds in Flawlers, fimilat 
tothofe in Sweden. The M^iars, when 
inftrufted in the maniMgdetyt of the 
Flemifli flieep, to be Cf!A4o \\a ^\t^- 
rent parts of dkt ^nc^Qim^\K%. tvSMdl Vk 

14 Propcfitions for improving the Breed of Sheep. 

thefe (beep, with each a ram and fix 
twc9. A fdiool for the mr.nrfrementof 
%he Knglifii flie'M> '\* piopokd to be efta- 
blifhcd on the coaft of the Channel, 
which ii in every refjiefl finiiirir to the 
lands in England. - E*vm nuar, fay 
they, will not prevent otir obtaining 
them. Many parts of England and 
Ireland, famous for their wool, are not 
very diftant from our coafts, and fre- 
quently i«nd barks ittiien *u'itb tv^cl. 
Theic would readily bring live fbeep, 
if they were duly rewarded. 

«* We might alio o'-^tain (heep from 
Sweden, where, notwiihftanding the in- 
demenc) of their winters, they are not 
inferior to thofe of England \ owing to 
the particular care taken of them. The 
only diffeien(e obfervahle is, that in 
Sweden they lofe thrir teeth two ^Tars 
fooner than they do in England, occa- 
fioned probably by the too great cold ; 
Knd thertfoi'e it may be preiumed, that 
returning to a more temperate climate, 
this circurnftance will ceafe. 

•' A third fchool ihould be eftabl idl- 
ed in Berry, orLanguedoc, for in(lm6^- 
ing ihepherds in the management of the 
fbtep which yield wool cf the $]>ani(h 

The Royal Society of Agriculture at 
Rouen, after duly confidering the pa- 
pers thus laid, before them, obf.rve, 
that " unleis thefe foreign (heep can be 
kept feparate, , without mixing either 
one kind with another, or with the flieep 
of the country, the whole will fall into 
a baftard race, and degenerate, as tbey 
bmnje done in mojl parts of F.n^Utnd: and 
conclude, that the only efu6)ual means 
of anfwering this defirable purpofe niuft 
depend upon government.** 

They propole, therefore, *' That go- 
yeniment fliould eftablifh nurferies of 
thefe foreign^ (heep in diflperent pmtsof 
the kingdom, beft fuited to the different 
kinds of flitep. 

♦* Thefe nurferies to be placed in the 
royal foi'elts, which at preicnt lie gene- 
rally wafte ; but would, in this way, 
foon turn to great account. The ground 
would be enriched by folding the iheep 
upon it, and thereby be enabled to yield 
plenty of natural and artificial gralTes, 
as well as corn, for the maintenance of 
the (hepherds. 

<< The Ihepherd who attends each 
^ind of Aie^Ps ihould be of the country 
IVom which the Iheep are brought. lie 
fiaouldbe well Adlledin hisbufin(is,and be 
young, tha^<4i.^^y the mons caiiiy 
ieam the langwee, and in time become 
tkt geaianX inipeltor of the canton. 

" The chief direflion of thefe nur- 
feries may be intruded to the Royal So- 
cieties of Agriculture in each ptovince, 
whomay appointgentlemen of their own 
body, the moft contiguous to the nurfe- 
ries, to watch over the ihepherds, and 
make regular reports to their refpeflive 
focietie*' of whatever they obferve. 

"Each of the foreign (hepherds fliould^ 
be obliged to inftni6^ youne men put 
under their care ; fo that each nudery 
may become a fchool of ihepherds, who 
may be afterwards diftributed to diffe- 
rent places with forei|rn (beep, in pro- 
portion as the flocks mcreafe, fo as to 
admit of colonies being fent off from the 

" The infpeAing (hepherd to make 
regular vifits to each colony, at leaft 
three times in the year, viz. at lambing- 
time, at (hearing- time, and in winter} 
to fee that due care is taken of the (heep 
at each of thefe different feafons 5 ana 
regularly re))ort his obfervations to the 
focietie<«. • 

** The royal nur&rieswill become aa 
unalterable fund, which will infure to 
the nation the different breeds of (lieep 
and wool, cqunl in gocdnefs to thofe of 
Spain, England, and Holland ; will 
bring in wealth to the (late ; will fur- . 
niHi materials for m in u failures andcom- 
merce } and l>ccomc fources of new pro- 
mts to the hufhandman. 

" It is well known, that we owe the 
eftiblifhmcnt of filk-worms in France, 
to the royal nurferies of mulberry -trees, 
raifcd in proper diflrifls. Why then 
may we not expeft equal fuccefs from 
the efhiblifhnient of nurferies of the beft 
kinds of (htep ; from ¥d\ence the loffes 
which may happen to farmers by negle^ 
or otherwife, may be fupplied. 

'< The royal nurferies lliould not be 
re(Vri6lcd to (heep and mulberry- trees 
ocly All ufeful trees, whether domeflick 
or foreign, (liouhi be raifed in nurfe- 
ries for the ufe of the countries around } 
and being fold as cheap .as the attend- 
ance neccffary for raifmg them will per- 
mit, the low price may be an induce- 
ment to many to purchafe them. 

" There, the beft of all the refinout 
kinds lliould be raifed. Such are the 
pines, which yield turpentine, and are 
beft for mafts ; .the cedar, efpeciallr 
that of Libanus. The Spaniards buiU 
in the laft century (hips of cedar which 
are ftijl remaining, and are lafting mo- 
numents of the value of this .wood. !■ 
the Pais .de Vaud, all their houfes are 
covered with (hingles of the larch-tree ; 
the ro^ is drawn forth by tl&e beat of 

Attn, and Iboo ttu-dmi intc 

Mntfc, «r(udi i^Eixlcn dtcTc oavcrrngi 

ttrf donblc The cyprefi » aMb of 


•■ Oielimti, erp«ciallf the gnfni 
hoi, frrqumi abcui Ltotii, vould be* 
cent 1 oew brindi of rural ccconom;. ' 
Ttihgrie chcfnnt hat atfo itt good <iu>- 
liliH^ and ii now beranie peculiarly rt- 
Mrir ibr-the iCeacy of (lie nut in 
IMAig. TfacMk, tfaealh, Htema- 
Mikrlai, be. m alt valuable for 
■beat pnrporo. Time, and the «c- 

~" of feme yein may d(lca*cr 

' ' ' annotyetacquaint- 

" Mm* oftbewinntryof Normandy 
tin wsfte, and the fidfs of hit!* are 
naked, where many kin;)t of It:-;) 
■i|bt' im 'Ranted to |^( adTnltafe. 
If dUt pmiNiU i« earned into c»cii- 
tiMi tbe Society of Roncn wilj bcftow 
tpoo itthe ntmqft attention. 

' Jk Jdir^m tkt Amtrieamt, I9 titJK- 
dmr rf Iht Farmtr's Lrlttri. 
9pt tmum amiiitr fum /rater fratrit 
tua puM alinatm fiJim anmin, ji ■ 
tab ieJUifiuru t * Sallvst. 

I TN tbe grdil and tmpnrtanc qucHion 
■* now before us, my countrymen, a 
qodUon on wbicb tbe liberty or bond- 
^e, the wal or woe, of milliont ao-ur, 
tad tait of miKont biriafltr, will de- 
pend, it u incuombent on ut, (o thidy 
thcmoft perfeft unanimity in fendment 
and afiion. Like a band of brotbert, 
ihefe cdooiea Ihould b« indi&ulubly 
finn, in dricuding the facred fire of 
frea^oi Oram bring extin^uilhed. Our 
nnited eff>rt« will be weighty, and in 
an probability fucceftful j if divided, we 
Ihafl coiiaterafi one another, and all our 
endeavMin to vindicate the conftiiiition 
fmn rain, and onrftWet firom bondage, 
will be feeble and ineffeaual. It ii one 
cammon inletelt, that claimi our nnieni 
tbe ririita of every colony reft npon the 
CiBic foundatioD, and cannot be lub- 
vctted in one, without being overthrown 

Onr friendi too, in Great Britain, 
would be incieafed and eoeotiraged by 
oar nnanitnily in oppofilion ; diviGoni 
nmotig ontlelve*, would Clcnce and dif- 
hcaitea tbcn. It ii not to be hoped, 
Aat we Siall find men in Britain faidifui ' 
to ooi intercti, if we ourfelvci abandon 


•I lie cinbe fl i u i ig ei ihiache mstnU 
. of thtfe Coloniet ; or how ceo we 

Melhr frocB otben, if we an am 
1 10 one anoiker. 


theiD; or determined in their oppolitiou 
(o nHarwei, iujunous to ui, wlttle wv 
appear dubiom or divided. It is tm* ' 
qtieAionably the wiIli and sim of onr 
oneniet in Britain, to enfeeble the in- 
lorefl of Ancrica thei-e, to create io nt 
a diftniftof our friendi 00 the other fide 
of ibe Attaniie, to cxdtc an univtrial - 
jealosy of us in ihon, and to fpread 
dilliniiioa and difmay among ouifetvn 
by partial excniona of imperMnis agd 
DrbArary rule, Tliefe are the mraiw, 
by wfatch they hope the more cCeAually ' 
to difturb, fiibduc, and endive us ) 
thtfe are the *ieiv), with which iber 

rpecioufly i 

I though n 

have pvrfoed the Ame vbitrary plan, 
under what we called and deemed an 
American ad mini ftraiion, and have en- 
dcavownd to enfoieeaUUiitc obedienoe - 
to tbe billetini^aft, by thefol^fion of 
the I^Qature in one province. 

The colonievof Virginb and MiAh- 
cbofet'a-Bay, have, by their icTpeOito 
repicfentativM, givo) their fcnft of tht 
ruinoui tendency and arbitrary natmv 
of ihcle mealuret ; in Virginia they 
have fent petitions, meitioiiils, and rv- 
nwnftrancFs, to the different branchea 
of the Brililh parliament, againA all 
there afii, not excepting that fat fuf- 
pcnding the leginative power of New. 
York, which tliey juftly deemed equally 
deftnifirre to their own libertici, at to 
thofeof that particular province. While 
I Trjnice In tbii tranfaiiion, Ipromiib' 
myfelf, that the influence of To noble 
and ufeful an example will be univcrial, 
that every colony will, in like manner, 
bear in teftimony againft tbefe afi*, 
and the principle upon wbicb they are 

Next to die imporlanca of ananimity 
among (be colonics, in eaprefling their 
abhorrence of the arbitrary mcsfurti, 
lately adopted agiinft American free- ' 
dom. Bands that of the concurrence of 
tiie two brancl^rs of ih» Icgillatare, in 
each colony, tbe iRcmbly and coandl, 
in ranonSrating a^ntl them, and pe- 
titioning for rtdrels. Such • concnr- 
lence muft give the greaiell weight and 
efficacy to our public proceeding*, mnft 
place in (he mongeft light thedignity 
and valne of onr nghti, when no cdn- 
GdcraiioQ of place or fnbi can infln> 
cnee men to fit in filencc, and fee then, 
violated. Thia colony, I meneen it 
widi the bigfaeft fatian^ion, baa por- 
fiwd fiacb s ^, tl»B -wy^ ^m^ <A 





Species of Detrimental Commerce. 

aflembly having concurred with the 
lower in all their proceedings againft the 
late a£is of parliament. Such unani- 
mity in conducl, it is to be hoped, will 
be as univerfally imiuted, as it muft be 
generally approved ; fince it cannot but 
redound to the immortal honour of 
thofe gentlemen, who thus facrifice eve-^ 
ry private confideration to the public 
goody and the maintainance of our in- 
valuable rights. 

As tlie fan^ion of the legidature gives 
dignity and weight to the ientiments of 
the people ; fo it muft receive from them 
fupport and ftreneth. It is therefore the 
duty of every individual to fecond, with 
bis utmoft- abilities, the endeavours of 
the leflrillative powers in vindication of 
Amencan liberty. It is now that we 
are called upon by every facred and va- 
luable tie, by our own rights, by the 
rights of our children and their pofteri- 
ty* by the veneration due to our ft-ee 
conftitution, by the virtue, happinefs, 
and glory, that fpring from its aamira- 
ble fj^nte, to fruftrace and repel every 
attempt of thofe who would violate and 
•orrupt it. It is at this juncture that 
frugality and indufiry will have double 
the beneficial influence which ufually 
floy^s from them, that harmony and ipi- 
rit in thinking, fpeaking, anda6iinga- 
gainft ufurpatton or oppreilion, will re- 
Itore and reanimate our liberties, fo as 
fo prefcrve them long (afe and uninjured 
by funilar invafions. It is now that 
every man ought to grave u)K>n his free 
heart, that noble Roman determinati- 
on ^ 

Mounts bac inimiea tyratnus 
Enfe pttit placidam^ fub libertate^ 
<* To Tyrants and to Tyranny a foe, 
Lwiil maintain my liberty, at the ha- 
zard of my life," 

I have adventured to lay before the 
public, in a feries of papers, my fenti- 
nvats on the prefent itate of affairs $ to 
ihew the nature and excellence of liber- 
ty, the vices, the mileries, and abafe- 
ment which flavery produces, to deve- 
lops the artiul defigns of our enemies, 
the arbitrary tendency of th^'ir late con- 
du£l in Britain, the fatal confequencet 
that muft inevitably follow our acquief- 
cence under the rights lately aflumed 
and exerciftd over ut, by the Britifli 
parliament ; and the neceflity of an una- 
nimous and determined oppefition to 
the meditated fubverfion ot our confti- 
ttttioml fiwedom and happinefs. 

it will be for ever pleabng to me, if I 
hare thrown aajr Ugot on this very im* 

portant fubied, if I have aided the ua- 
derftanding of any one man, or infufed 
into his mind the true and noble fpiritof 
liberty, determining him to fupport it 
with his lateft breath. 

I have now to take leave of my coun- 
trymen, which I (hall do, in thtfe 
words of the great, good, and patriotic 
Cicero. Duo modo b^c opt9\ unum^ 
ut moriens populum Homanum liberum 
relinquam^ hoc mibi majus A diis imm§r» 
talibus dart mbilpoitft ; aterumy ut its 
cuiqui e*veiuatf ut de republica qutfyui 
mereMtur *. 

Two tilings I eirneftiy wifli, that 
i*very man may be efieemed in proportint 
t9 bis real patriotifm : and that I may 
bail my cwniryfree tvitb my lafi brtatbl 
Such in that hour, as in all the paft, 
O fave my Country, Heaven 1 ihall be 

my laft. 


A Species of Detrimental Commerce, 
npHERE is a kind of commerce car* 
•■• ricd on from Rudia, which Teems to * 
envellop a myllery of no friendly nature 
to this country. 

The fa6l ftands thus; a merchant in 
London contrails for the buildine of 
fhinSy at Onega and Archangel, or the 
following burdens: from 250 to 750 
tons : an Enrliih mailer and mariners 
are fent from London to navigate thefe 
veflelsj they hoiii Britiih colours ai; foon 
as finifhed ; and 1 fuppofe the owners 
derive fome advantai^es as Engiidimeii, 
from our tix-afy of commerce withRuf- 
fia — thel'e (hips are loaded virith mafts 
and timber (it for all the purpofes of 
con (bulling men of war ; and then fail 
dire6lly for the rK>rt of I>Unkirk, which 
they enter with Briti(h colours ; hut as 
foon at the mads and timber are landed^ 
and depolited in the French kingHt ma- 
gazines — the Engli(h mafter and feamen 
are difcharged by the French broker, to 

whom the (hips are coniigned ; and 

French colours are put up. Sometimes 
previous to this ftep, there is a formal 
laie of the (hips— ** pait of the cargo 
of one of thefe (hips wa« lately em- 
barked on board one of their old crazy 
flatbottom boats, for Rocbelle, and was 
loft in a ftorm o(F our coafts.*' — As we 
have no conful at Dunkiak, the illega- 
lity of difcharging Britiih feamen in a' 
foreign port piuTes unnoticed, as indeed 
all the remarkable tranfa£lions of that 
famous port-^which fo highly meritt 
the attention of Great Britain^tluit it ' 

Philipptca ii» 


Moral Md PoHticd JIdap rf Europe. 

^mM be li^y mAwinuj g ee m to tliit 
kiqploiD b general^ and to tbe msm^- 

Cri ^ tiK public rerenuea in parttcu- 
, to fceq> in conAant pay» fecnt 
agntt in this port, «iid all along the 
coubffpra Slujs in Flanders to ^ov* 
lopne* — ^The minifter wbo had the ad- 
nniftntkNi of the &ances in the year 
1764, and who certainly underftands 
iIk department as well as anjr num in 
Ragland, though he failed in other 
Vnchei' of bis minsfterial funftiony 

Sily fooceeded in this ; and l ecerrtd 
intelligence as proved very benefit 
ciai to jhe pnblic revenue.—- — 

It k'to be udlhed, however, that tbmt 
tnqniry were made "concerning the nib 
intended to be made of thefe fliips—tbt 
dcftinanon of their lading we have al- 
ready pointed out— perhaps they may 
be found fo be proporly ctLleuhted for 
. tranlpor ting troops, and to anfwer aJl 
the pnrpoles of inv^on— if otherwife, 
and that fhcre is nothing illicit on the 
part of a IVibjeft of England rehding ita 
London, in this tranlaftion ; the hint 
will be folicient for him to clear up the 
matter, and therefore with him and the 
public it is left. 

Sketc h 9/ a moral and poUtical Ma p 
^BuaoPE. By Mr, Mosbr, £«- 
119^ from tbe EleAor Palatine to Ha- 


THE motley creation of Peter, cal- 
led the Great, Imitators of all Eu- 
rope, except Ruffians ; a country 
taught to rear the produce of fouthem 
climates to vapid life, and toneeleft 
its own vigorous offiipriug \ hifiory, 
mathematics, geo^phy, a ^neral ba- 
lance of trade, mhuman intrepidity, 
flavery, favage glare of wealth. 
Private induftry ; public profligacy \ 
a ftate abroad enflaved by bribes, and 
ruled at home by the fmell of furloins ; 
the country cf Linnaeus and Artedi. 
A nation of voluntary (laves to a nee 
of good-natured Kings : Dutch plod- 
ding ) ibme lenfe, no genius. 
The afylum of Socinus ; the fcyme- 
tar fupreme* judge of right and wrong ; 
of liberty and flavery. 


The phantcm of a people once free, 

vigorous, and acnte } the clergy rulios i 

the preis curtailed \ the nobiitty creft* 

fUlen ; a foil rich by natore, poor by 



'Moral forefts and defiim. 
Gbrmany, • 

Itslieroes, like Italian inft ares, Acw 
beft at a diftance j the reft parcel cut to 
defarts, petty tyrants, priefts, pedigreed 
beggars, and pedants, and all her 
neighbours know Gennany. Yet this 
is the mother of Arminius and Frede^ 
ric I of Leibnitz and WoHe ; of Han- 
delandGraun$ of MengsandDonnerj 
of Winkclmaii and Reimarus. 


The land of liberty.— Trade, taia^ 
knowledge, diicovery among the Pko- 
tttftuits, vigour in all j defpiicrs ol 
death I flaves of money abroad Abroad* 
a contemptible fwarm of valets, clerks^ 
oficers, artifts, fcbeaers \ the leeehea 
of fools. 


A country through all its ages fertile 
of patriots, thoueh now plethoric widi 
wealth, and unftrung by public indo- 
lence. A nobility once fuJl of repub- 
lican mettle, (heakinff by degrees into 
conrtiers. Here are icbolars, ciriliantp 
laborioas triflers, trade. Here abfence 
of mifery is happinefs \ indifference con*- 
tentment \ pront, honour. Here fenti- 
ment is nonienfe, plain fenfe wit ; jol- 
lity pleafure ; pofleflion enjoyment ; 
n:oney the anchor of minds, the gale of 
paffions, the port of life. 

The domain of liberty and property^ 
the country of extremes. Virtue is here 
divine, vice infernal. Here are liberty 
of confcience, political liberty, ciril li- 
berty, commercial liberty, libertv of 
thouffht, ton^e, and pen, to and be- 
yond the limits of the moft profligate 
licence $ news-pipers, magazines, 
pamphlets, regifters ; heaven and eanh 
a job) tuift, cock-pits, clubs, Mac- 
caroni's, blackguards, flocks, lotteries, 
fchemet, lame ducks, clever fellows, 
humour, and Novembe*s big with fui- 
cidej poft-chaifes, Italian mniic and 
piAures, but fSew ears or eyes ; the neft 
of foreigners $ the country of Shalae- 
fpeare, Newton, Hogarth. 

The country of CITOYENS and 
MODE. Here things are eftimated by 
their air : a watch may be a mafter- 
piece, without exa^lnefs, and a woman 
rule the town, without beauty, if ihe 
has an air. Here life is a dance, and ank- . 
wardnefs of ftep its great difgrace. 
Charader here is diflblvcd imo the pnb- 
lic, and an original sl «ii» t^vaMa. 
'< Ceta le fait, ^ ceUt ae Jc f<ci tas«" 

Mtral and Political Mip of Eurttpe. 

are here tiie fupreme umpires of con- 
du6^. Their religion is faperftition, 
fafluon, 'fophifin ; the ladies by on 
rouge in equilateral fquares, and pow- 
der with brick-duft. Tyranny may 
grind the face, but not the countenance 
of a Frenchman \ his feet are made to 
dance in wooden (hoes. The parlia- 
ment rcfemble an old toothlefs maftifF. 
France was the country of Le Sueur and 
Racine, and is that of Voltaire. 


The dregs of a nation two centuries 
pad, the arbiters of Europe, and lead- 
ers of difcovery. Still fenfe, fagacity, 
and cool courage, are tame]y fubmitted 
' here to the iron yoke of inquifition.; 
and each note of humanity drowned in 
the yells of Dominic's viflims. The 
prerogatives of fociety moulder here in 
provinci'dl archives: Th^fc are the ex- 
ecrable lord? of one licmifphere, and 
the humble t'aflors of Europe. To fee 
a fceptre iu the gripe of women \ Con- 
feffors and favourites make no charac- 
teriftic of Spain ; nor is the country of 
Calderon and Cervantes, more than its 
neighbours, the land of ignorance, va- 
nity, indolence, poverty, envy. 
^ Portugal, 

Something of liter at utv and hiftory, 
glare, gallantly, fupeiftition, earth- 
quakes, daggers, inqniiition, the bloo- 
dy dawns of an uncertain day, the 
country of Canoens. 


Ab unweeded garden, its inhabitants 
flies bred on a dead horfe. — Slavery, 
and licence. Each moral principle the 
pimp of pampered organs : The coun- 
try of arts, tricks, cniiration, and ban- 
ditti ; of Raphael, Goldoni, Farinelli, 
Archangel! . 

An American Petition to tbt King's 
Moft Excellent Majejij. 
Mofl Gracious Sovereign, 
TX7E your majefty's dutiful and loyal 
'^ fubje£ls, the reprefentatives of the 
freemen of the government of the coun- 
ties of Newcaftle, Kent, and Suflfex 
upon Delaware, in general alTembly 
met, moft humbly beg leave to approach 
die throne, and in our own, and the 
names of our conftituents, to teitify 
and declare our unfeigned and inviola- 
ble attachment, by principle and affec- 
tion, to your royal perfon and govern- 
ment, and that we glory in bein^ your 
fubje^s. We acknowledge with the 
utmoft fmcerity of heart, the tender and 
indulgent regard you have (hewn to all 
^our people from the beginning of your 
iv'gn, and that earneA deGre to make 
/Acjo cafy, Ikfe, and happy, under your 

govenmient, however remote from you^ 
royal prefence. 

We want words to exp^fs the deep 
fenfe we have of your ^eat condefccn- 
iion, goodnefs, and juftice, in moft gra- 
cioudy hearing our complaints asainft 
the late American Stamp-a6l, and giv- 
ing your royal aftent to the repeal there- 
of^ and cannot omit this occadon of 
reiterating our gratitude and moft hum- 
ble thanks for the fame. 

We are perfefUy fattsfied that we lie 
under all poilible obligations to our 
parent country ; we acknowledge all due 
fubordination to the Bnti/h parliament; 
we are convinced that it is our intereft, 
as well as duty, to ufe our conftant en- 
deavours, by every a6l of gratitude, 
obedience, and loyalty, to endear our- 
felves to every branch of that auguft 
body, and to preferve that union and 
harmony between Great Britain and 
thefe Colonies, on which the fafety» 
ftrength, wealth, and happinefs of the 
whole empire fo much depends. 

But permit us. Royal Sir, as lovers 
of Britain and our excellent conftituti- 
as follicitous to enjoy the rights and 


liberties of freemen and Engliihmen, 
and to tranfmit them to our pofterity, 
as your faithful and loyal fubje^ts, to 
proftrate ourfelves at your royal feet, 
and humbly to implore your gracious 
attention to the following particulars, 
which ftrikeus, and all the good peOple 
wereprefent, with the moft dreadful ap- 
prehenfion and affliction. 

With the moft humiliating forrow we 
have beheld your majefty's antient co- 
lony of New York deprived of her le- 
giilative authority by an a^ of the late 
Britiih parliament : And with equal 
Concern we obferve, that duties for the 
fole and exprefs purpofe of railing a 
revenue in America, have been lately 
impofed, by other a6is of the fame par- 
liament, upon feveral articles of com- 
merce imported into thefe Colonies 
which we are obli^d to purchafe. 

By the operation of thefe aCls, our 
aflembly will be no longer the reprefen- 
tatives of a fice people, but deprived of 
the right of cxercifing their own judg- 
ments in contulting the good and prof- 
perity of their conftituents : Our mo- 
ney will be taken from us without our 
confent, and we (hall not be allowed 
the opportunity of (hewin? our willing- 
nefs to contribute towards the fup^rt 
of government, adminiftration of luf- 
tice, and defence of our country. Thefe 
meafures and proceedings appear to us 
truly alarming ; and if continued^ or 
drawn into cKatn^Vey mo&> ixio>uc Hum- 

An Ammam Pitifi^tt h the King: 


Ueopiabn, betoullvdeftniftiveofour 
prQpert]r> libcny and Bappineft; 

This feofe of our deplorable cooditi* 
op will, we hope, plead witfi jrour ma- 
jetymourhehulfy for the ft-eedomwe 
lake in dutitully remonftrating agaiftft 
the proceedings of a British parliament^ 
cohfefledly the wileft and greatelk afliem- 
t>lT upon earth. 

.But if our fellow-fubje^ls of Great 
Britain, who derive no authoriQr from 
ui I who cannot, in our bnnible opini- 
on, reprefent us, and to whom wc will 
not yield in loyalty and ai&£Uon to your 
majefty, can, at their will and pleafnre, 
of right give and grant away bur pro- 
perty i if they can enforce an implicit 
obedience to every order or aft of their^s 
ibr tliat purpoie, and deprive all, or 
any of the anemblies 00 this continent 
of the power of legiflation, ^or diEer- 
ing with them in opinion in matters 
which intimately affea their rights, in- 
terefts, and every thing that is dear and 
valuable to £ngliflimen$ we cannot 
imagine a cafe more milerable j we 
cannot think that we (hall have even the 
ihadow of liberty left. 

Wc conceive it to be an inherent right 
in your majtlly*s fubje£b, derived to 
them from God and nature, handed 
down from their anceftois, and confirm- 
ed by your royal predeceflbis and the 
conftitution, in peilfen, or by their re- 
prefentatives, to ^ive and grant to their 
fovereign thofe things, which their own 
labours and their own cares have ac- 
quired and faved ) and in fuch propor- 
tions, and at fuch times, as the national 
honour and iniercd may require. Youi 
majetly's faithful fubjc^ls of this go- 
vernment have enjoyed this ineftimable 
privilege uninterrupted from its firll ex- 
igence till of late. They have at all 

times cliearfully contributed, to the ut- 
moft of their abilities, for your majef- 
ty*s fervice, as often as your royal re- 

r'fitions were made known.<— — And 
y cannot now, but with the greateft 
uneafinefs and diftrefs of hiind, part 
with the power of demonftrating their 
loyalty and affe6lioo to their beloved 

When it is confidered, that your ma- 
jefty has a negative upon our laws, and 
the fole execution of them} that our 
eovemor is only during yourroval olea- 
Aire, and all honours and dininctions 
are derived from the crown, it is hum- 
bly hoped, that the dependance of this 
colony on the mother country will ap- 
pear to be fufBciently fecured. 

We are not infenfible, that it mufk 
£)! your majeliy with concern, to pcr^ 

ceivc any iweafinefe among your Tub- 
jtGtM, and tp fee ^claims .fet up by ,<me 
part of yoor dminiona defiied by ano* 
ther part. We alio know tho ^Hfilom, 
valour, wealth, jgffandenr, and power of 
your fub)e6U within the mlm, nuiy en* 
title them to your royal favour in pre- 
fierence to the people on this continent } 
}>ut we are your uibje£lt alfoi and v/m 
fubmit ottr cayfe to your juftiee, nru- 
denc^ and goodneia s thefc, we reft af- 
fured, will appear in our behalf. 

WE moft humbly alk pardon for pre- 
fuming to give your majefty the trouble 
of this nprefentationy which has pio- 
ceeded from our love to our "cotrntry, 
our care for our pofterity, and the paf- 
fionate concern we have for our darling 
liberty : Our only hope, next undbr 
God, is in your facred majefty, that by 
your great wiiHom and goodnels, we 
(hall be relieved from our prefent diftreC- 
finfl; apprehenfions. 

We therefore, dread Sir, moft hum- 
bly imnlore your rojral interpolation in ^ 
our behalf, (and we truft, as our fel- 
low -fubje^s in Britain are generous, 
fenlible, and humane,) this our apj)lica- 
tion will meet with a tavoHii-able ifluet 

Permit us to repeat the unfisigned 
profefHons of our unalterable fidelity 
and aiFe6Uon to your majefty^s facred 
perlbn and government, our zeal for the 
continuance of the Proteftant fuccefliou 
in your illuftrious houfe, and our ten- 
der affeAion for our parent country ; 
and. at the fame time, to exprefs our 
moft fincere and ardent wifhes, that your , 
majefty's reign may be long, happy, 
and glorious ; and that all your pious 
endeavours for fupporting the religious 
and civil rights of your fubjefls, may 
be blefTed with the molt profperous fuc- 

Signed by the order of the houfe. 

State-Houfe, jq„^ Viking, Speak. 
OH. »7, 1768. '' ^ 

An Account of Old Thomas Parrc, and of 
the DiffeSion of his Body after his 
Death 5 from a Manufcrift of the fa- 
mous Dr, Harvey, ivho difcon/eredthe 
Circulation of the Blood, 

rpHOMAS PARRE was a poor 
^ countryman of Shropihire, whence 
he was brought up to London by the 
Ri^ht Hon. Thomas Earl of Arundel 
and Surrey, and died after he hadi? out- 
lived nine princes, in the tenth ye^r of 
the tenth of them, at the. age of 1^1 
years and 9 moivtb^. 
Being opened jiftet Vkv% itfei V.K\\t^* 

go ^A Curious Acamnt of the DiffiSion of Old Parr. 

X635, Nov. 16} hit body was found 
very flefliyy his breaft hairy, his genitali 
unimparedy ferving not a littfe to con* 
firm the report of nis having undergone 
public cenfures for his incontinency ; 
efpecially ieeing that after that time, 
<vix, at the age of 120 years, he marriedf 
a widow, who oV^nMl, Eum cum ipfd 
rem babuife^ ut alii maritifiUnt ; // uf- 
que ad 1% annos retroa3os filHum cum 
ed '^amgrejum frequeutaje. Further, 
that h^had a large breaft, lungs not 
fungous, but fticking to his ribs, and 
diftended with much blood ; a lividnefs 
in his face, as he had a difficulty of 
breathing a little before his death, and 
a loitg-iafting warmth in his arm- pits 
and bltaft after it, (which fign, together 
with others were lb evident, m his body, 
as they iiie to be on thofe that die by 
fuifocation.) His heart was great, 
thick, fibrous, and fat. The blood in 
the heart blackiOi and diluted. The car- 
tilages of the ftemum not more bony 
than in others, but flexile and foft. His 
vifcera were found and ftrong, efpecially 
the flomach ; and it was obferved of 
him, that he ufed to cat often by night 
and day, tho' contented with oldcheefe, 
milk, coarfe bread, fraall beer, and 
whey J and, which ii more remaiicablc, 
that he did eat at midnight, a little be- 
fore he died. His kidneys covered with 
fat and prrtty found ; only on the inte- 
rior i'urface of thcra were found fome 
aqueous or ferous abfeiTes, whereof one 
was near the bignefs of a hen-egge, 
with a yellowiih water in it, having 
made a roundi(h cavity, impreflfed on 
that kidney, whence fome thought it 
came, that a little before his death a 
fuppreffion of urine had befallen him : 
though others were of opinion, that his 
urine was fupprefled upon the regurgi- 
tation of all the feroiity into his lungs. 
Not the Icaft appeaiance there was of 
any ftony matter, either in the kidneys 
or bladder. His bowels were alfo found, 
a little whitifh without. His fpleen very 
little, hardly equalling the bignefs of 
one kidney. In ihort, all his inward 
parts appeared fo healthy, that if he had 
not changed his diet and air, he might 
perhaps have lived a good while longer. 
The caufe'of his death was imputed 
chiefly to the change of food and air ; 
for as much as coming out of a clear, 
thin and free air, he came into the thick 
tir of London ; and after a conftant, 
plain, and homely country diet, he was 
taken into a fplendid family, where he 
fed hi^h, and drank plentinilly of the 
beA vvmtB, whereupon the natural func- 
tions of the parts 01 bii body were over- 
€*^Sed, his Jung$ ob^u&cd, and the 

habit of the whole body quite diforderj> 
ed i upon which there could not but 
enfue a diflblution. 

Hb brain was found, entire, and firm : 
And though he had not the ufe of hu 
eyes, nor much of his memory, ieveral 
vears before ha died, yet he had hit 
hearing and apprehenfion very well, and 
was able, even to the hundred and thir- 
tieth yeai* of his age to dp any hu/band* 
man'a work, even threfluag of corn- 
Mr. URB^If, 
Mr. RouflTeau^ baving quarrelled tmtb 

tbe Magiflrates q/*Bourgoin, left tbat 

City\ after bis departure a Papier 

nuasfnmd on bis Table^ of^bicb tbe 
ft>Uo'uAng is a Tranflation, 
1^ ING9 and great perfonages fpeak: 
'^ not what they think 5 but they will 
alwavs ti-cat me eencroufly. 

The true nobility, who love honour, 
and who know that lam acquainted with 
it, honour me and are filent. 

The magiftrates hate me, on account 
of the wrongs they have done roe. 

The philofophers whom I have un* 
maflied, are defirous, at any rate, to de- 
ftroy me, and they will fuccced. 

The bifliops, proud of their birth and 
rank, efteem me without fearing me, and 
do honour to themfelves by diftinguifli- 
ing me with refoeft. 

Thepriefts, (laves to the philofophers, 
bark at me to make their court. 

The people, whom I idolized, look 
on me as a floven and an ill-fated man. 

The men of genius revenge them- 
felves by infulting me, becaufe they fee! 
my fuperiority. 

The women, dupes of two men who 
defpife them, hate him who merits mbft 
from them. 

The Swifs will never pardon roe the 
evil they have done me. 

The magiflrate of Geneva is fenfible 
of his faults, knows that I pardon him 
for them, and he would repair them if 
he durft. 

The chiefs of the people, elevated on 
my ftioulders, would conceal me fo ef- 
feflualiy tliat none but themfelves fliould 
be feen. 

Authors pillage me and cenftire me | 
knaves cur(e me \ and the mob hoot at 

Good men, if thert are any yet, ^' 
lently lament my fate ; and I blefs it, 
if haply it may one day inflru£( man- 

Voltaire, whom I prevent from flee- 
ing, will parody thefe lines ; his groA 
injuries are an homage which he is forc« 
ed to render ms » uv C^vit ol ^nm^tVl. 

MtdaiUe Acmm of Mm-tm LtahtF. jr 

Mr. -QkilaIi, I.utlia> )■ uid ia olucb ue » gntt su^ 

1H ■ Gcnnu book printed % Fnuili- ba «f nieiitli Snick upon accoant oF 

fon umI Lcipii^, 1706, CDtimlid Lntha- tmA tbt tefaraMtum |. I mm 

D*i GmUtnt tuid St&tmt Etrta Gt- Y'tk 4>it ipftRed Id yotu- Mas, foe 

it^tmft Dtu TbtMriM GttUi'Lebrtn OBuAta l&S, the note* upas it m u 

O, Jfarfin ^Bfifri ; which I ttuiflatCi feUow. 
the Mtdallic HJIW) of Dr " 

•* The H probibW dcnotn die !>• 

' rcDtor or gnver of die medai, whiA 
" aaaie I irn nnacquitntcd with, Mr 

• Sdegcl indeed in hi* Med&lick Bible 
' {Muntx Bibil) page 7«, fay* ih« it 
' mi flfuck by Jobaxne MagJiburgie 

■ ID hoDOvr of MelanAhon on liii en- 
' tcriog into hit 47th year ; ind that 
' the woidi from the 36th pfalm on 
' tbe reverie were probably h|i notto* 
' intending to Ihiw that though he wh 

• v»y. pacific and moderate, "he wai 
' nenilbelert lealout for the caufe of 

• religion. Thii Uft affenion I think 
*' very probabU, but c:in find no affi- 

■ nicy between llie name Magdtburgii 
' and tbe lettei' H. 

" In tbe very ftarce Mufia Srflaliano, 
' Manfredi Sepfaiir, Fairitii MtSaU- 
' ntui, printed at Dtrtema in Iiaty aima 
' i6<4, in quano, Latin and Italian, 
' we have this mrdal at page ]6a ; but 
' with two millakcs, one pardonable. 

m lit btttr-freft it it^uud %$, mi m 

" vii. in ibc due tsf briof put ia- 
■■ had of i^4j. The other .« graft 
" oue, T)i. w hit citelaeue«f Medtle 
" he call* our worthy MelancthMi) *e- 
" minam Jtmnatum, Itc." 

I alfe inclofe you ■ copy oF another 
medal from the fame author, of which 

" I here Hk you another copy of the 
" fiKe medal, but of a lar^litt and 
" different dye from the cabrnct of Me 
" Htraei ; the H denotes that they are 
" both by tlie fame maSer."* 

In thi* author are nine medali of Me- 
lancthon, fi*c of which are Meluicthon 
only,, ^ree have Melancthoa on one 
fide and Lttiher on the other, and oiie 
bai Luther and Melancihon in profile 
on the face, and on the reveife. 05 
Sirvalum Rtmpublifiat Cirifiianam ««• 
M u.D.xxv. F. F. of whkh I fend 
yon alfo a flcetch, bccaufe the nim« 
Melancthon ik there fpclt with a c.x. 

The quotalioD from the.j<th .P&1« ftmtii%^jT mm. 

fiititMliffir iim. 

^ 32 ) 
A Mneon^tcal Account of the Weather, for the Month, 
of January for the Ye*™ 1767, and ijSiti continued 
from Vol. XXXVIII. p. 573- 

r. N. W.ftioog 
N, ftefli 

t. N. E. 

»9 71 
ij 7 

t9 I 
19 J 

j 5. W. Aiqns. 

a^i S, S. W. 

I N. E. lid'e. 
■' <i. S. E, ficlb 
1! N. W. 10 E. S. E. 
.1 N. £. telh 

ig S. E. fceHi. 
SD N. E. 
31 N. W. 

lull , IieiTy, mull dii, 

Ldi^tif TioAydij'.kgnMiIeil of fnov. 

dU!", 4 fltrtelTOW. 

i .hi, veri hitd froU, a liitli: fleet it trnei, 

<li[[o ^sooddfiJof fnovriBcheei, 

diito. ■ 

«»vj- Tbow' all the inomti^,rCTy bird ftoil. 
3I fnow iothf «l(!h', fWid n.-;iyt»^fei-ere, 
liole feiiwrinp li*in . fmft ciceliiTe. 
:ofl a little Mi ftreie. 

raft ecreae fmere, wiy tkick, iknalaii fhmr. 

wiviniha iug;,ii, in fi/\n the it j,niajn«iiiDg. 
tli(,h! Siatt in ilie night, chaw all dif. 

.9 7| '3 
19 S ^> 

19 S! >4 

*9 6 
ig J 
«9 i 
19 6 

froft Hionp-T, , 

'C (CTcre, brif;hi isd clear. 
diiiri. lUtk anlltiMV)' alLira. 

irii ,-l,in:;ecI » II, and i ibaw fuccrcded dkcQtr* 
iinii^i laiinH tSiy, fti-iv mclii »p»M. 
ijn.ijj fioft in ihenighi, b.i T'ltinatii. miiing after. 
|y£3,v iiH'lUir- fime ir.i5:i-'K Filn; 
\- -y . 1cirb|ij"hl Hjy.uciovini.ig. 

'n 11 i:h lititf imermtflinn all dij. 
[ludy ;ind brighr ai intrrsEt. 
vcrj iTi^hiSnediy. 
iB'iaf, aiombis, iiiny afKiaoaii, 

k-rtre froft, hMTf , »'i[h i [;oo<l t^sil of fnow, 
' apr,;.t.i*..tofr».*. 

0. beivy fiifiw ftoai 9 !»!, bnj^i ifte n._ ■ 
fcatterinj; fnour ail [he moming, &ir aft.' 

o clcai fjiriltjr. 
fi-oft iiTtonfc hrifhc.i ;i:3iLil mom. dull daj. 

hncef,l,iYini.nii!t!v.- 1 irhe evening. 
in Llioftre«.,»:rni;;lil »:sl (!»y. 
fnow mifienirilit.iliiwallil'eday, 

cli) , i.iili foiie midinBraln, 
chKklbe inihe ercnins, 

I, noift day. 

i^rhi fine daT. 

;- i^.in in ihi cighi, bear}' blackdlf. . 
TJ ihea» y.riullday, 

'• dull day, wicb (bail rain, wke o-ening. 
Inan/r<in,l>ri«h. rlcaida , (honrv iaiheendas- 
jg bright rnaiTiinf!, ciogil> day, w(t evaning. 
^ ' frafi nrghl and abMn. chudy day, vei ctm. 
, |v«ry wet nifilit, bright murniiig, cloudy tfuiagul, 
|beaTy diy, wiLb a Lctleraio. 
'■ TCry fine briiibi day, 
, » heaty dull day. 
a very doe btiglw day- 
la veij hcivj dull (Uy> 

fhi Stvy pf SJphidimt Bofighur. 

n§WJhrf ^ Maria Mortimer. 
Bfr Urbabi, 

TT it a common obfervation, but a 
^ TC17 jaft oney that childien do not 
knov the duty which is owing to 
their parentf, rll they come to Jia«e 
A progeny of their ownj theoi in- 
deed, the namberlcft houn of folici- 
tade, which they experience for rhe 
happinefs of tbw- little onet, wake 
them into the fuU ienfibility of a filial 
affcAion, if they are not wholly cal- 
lous to the fineft feelings of humani- 
ty \ and they leara a juft knowledge 
of the obligations they lie under to 
the authors of their being, by the re- 
verence and love which they expe^ 
from thoft on whom thev havecon- 
fierrcd ihe blcfling of exiltence them- 

I myfelf am a melancholy proof of 
the .foregoing obrervation.--My fa- 
ther» Sir, if a man of family and for- 
tune, who, though he nad feveral 
other children, equally entitled to his 
attention, yet treated me with fuch 
an extraordinary (hare of aife^ion, 
that 1 waa generally diftjnguifhed by 
the nacni of lYit Fa^uouriu -^ this tlir 
tJn^ion, however, inltead of^iving 
me a laudable ambition of deferving 
this parental partiality, Ailed me only 
with a (hameful inclination to abufe 
it{ the continual indulgence which 
Should excite my gratitude, ferved 
entirely to (well my pride \ and the 
favours which I ought to have 
received with the deepeit refpe^, I 
looked upon as fo many a6^ual debts 
to mv iuperior accomplifliments.— 
N.iy, Sir, I frecjuently thought my 
father much obliged to me, when I 
condefcended to accept a token of his 
tender nefs, and refented as an abfo- 
lute in«li,(;nity to my merit any necef- 
i\ry ducument which he gave on the 
glaring tmpropi iet'ies cf my behaviour. 

Volatile and vain, my reganls were 
foUly centered in myfelf, and I ima* 
ginrd him eithrr luinaturil or kind, 
ai he coafuited thegratincaiionof my 
wiHies i yet though I expeAed he 
would, upon all occ««ficns, comply 
with the pirMcular turn of my tem- 
per, 1 JCV.'r reconciled that any thing 
w.^idiie to his peace; 1 never remem- 
bered, that his happinefs materially 
dtr^nded upon my piudence, nor 
considered how cruelly an a^ of dif- 
pbfdiance rcuft Itah him to the heart ; 
on the contiary, Srr, to !cv evertafling 
difgrsce be it mentioned, I ail ways 
waaied hit repofe facrificed to my 
own humour, and even found an ex- 
ijiiiiite pXt%fWre ia revenging oa the 
{Gfgf. AUi, yn, t:69.) 


good, the venerable mmii es^erv op- 
pofition whiwh he had made to tlie ar- 
rogance of my will \ that ,is> in other 
words, every Riedipiiate Anxiety 
which he manifelted for the advance-}'. 

The hand, the upright hand pf 
Heaven, however, has judily puniflujd 
my ingratitude, and the very difob^* 
dience in which I triumphed, is now, 
by tlxwifedifpenfation of Proviijenc^, 
a rod of fcorpions to itfelf. 

Indulged at I was by the goodnfit 
thus abufed, and poflened of a peribo, 
perhaps paflable enough, it may k^ 
eafily fuppofed rhat when I approached 
to maturity, I received fome natter- 
ing addrelfes from your fex, ei'peaally 
as I had pi eten lions to a genteel tor* 
tune. My poor father, indeed, waa 
exti emely dr 6rnus of feeing me fettled 
in the world, and recommended a 
gentleman to my attention, who w^ 
every way quab'iied to m^e n^B h;ip- 
pv, if I had entertained any rational 
ideas of b^ppineft | but the very ar* 
gutnent which (hould have reconclM 
mi to t[iis offer, I mean the recom- 
mendation of a parent, materially 
determined me againit it. I could not 
bear the thought of being governed \ 
my lover was, hefides, a m.ui wholly 
without fpirit, thatii, without either 
the fafliionable f jllics or the fafbiona- 
ble vices of the age, and there was no 
enduring the lifelefs morality of fuch 
a chara^er ; he was therefore fp^ily 
difmifTcd, and my father preluming 
to be offended at my folly, I compli- 
ed with the j^reifmg folicitations of m 
young captain of dragoons, who had 
newly enrolled himfclf among tho 
number of my admirers, and (pirit- 
edly accompanied him on a matrimo- 
niai tour to Scotland, without ever 
aiking a (ingle quettion relative to his 
circumlUnces or his family. 

Ohl ye amiable, ye now frnUiag 
daughters of prorperity, who enioy 
the bleflings of a parental prote^ion, 
learn from my wretched fate to fet a 
juft eftimation on the tendernefs of a 
father; do not think difohedience a 
proof of good (enfe, nor imagine it 
a mark ot heroifm to be unnatural. 
Unacquainted with the ways of the 
world, you itquire inflru£>ion from 
the wife, and none can be fo faithful 
a monitor, as he who is d<reply inter- 
eited in yourhappinefs. flid 1 pru- 
dently followed the leflbn, which fa* 
tal experience enables me to inculcate, 
bow niaaydays of anguiih had 1 a* 
voided I Bat retx>UeSvcyA tiow odV^ 
ftrvei to harcow u^ m^ \>otovGk> ixA 

The Stcry of a difohedimt Daughter. 


the mifery which mutt mark the rem- 
nant of my Ufe* it for ever to be a|;- 
ffravated with the conicioufaeft of its 
being juttly merited. 

For fome time ifter my m^irriage, I 
expected every dsy to receive an over- 
ture of reconciliation from my fa- 
- tber, and my pride began to be fe- 
''i^erely mortined at the bare imagina- 
• tion that it wat poflTible for him to calt 
■ me wholly off Irom his affedion.— * 
But this ptide was ftill more mortified, 
-when my hufband informed me, that 
«he had loft a large fum of mtney 
tt )>^ay, and that» unltf* my family 
immediately did fome very handfome 
thing! for me, he mu{t not only be 
under an indifpenlible neceflit> of fel- 
ling hiicommiflion, but mult entirely 
bid adieu to his country. Th'inder- 
' it ruck at this information, I fcrit a!l 
the ffuilt of my Ute mifconduA with 
the keeneft fenfibility. Nay, my very 
vanity fupplied the place of virtue \ 
and pointra out the meannefs of ap- 
plying only in the hour cf diftrefs, 
and even then of applying merely for 
relief to the father, whom I had fo 
infamouly deferted, for an acquain. 
tance of a month.— However, the ap- 
•plication was unavoidable ; my huT- 
band*8 difficuhies» if removed, were 
to be removed inttantly ; I therefore 
fat down, blufhing with fliame, yet 
■trembling with apprehenGon, and 
wrote a penitential letter to my fa- 
'ther, acknovfledginpr my faults, fet- 
ting forth my di(trefles, and conjur- 
ing him by all he held dear, to take 
pity on my wretched fituation. 

This letter 1 dispatched by a foot- 
;man, who returned in a litile time 
with the excruciating^ anlwer, that my 
father had folemuly determined never 
'to bold thele.^ft intercouife with an 
•unnatural wretch who had deiiroyed 
his everlafting peace of mind, and 
-,broi»;ht an indelible (lain upon his 
houie, by marrying a defpicable gam- 
bler. Dreadful as this reply appear- 
ed to me, the information it contain- 
ed^ with renrd to my hufhand's cha- 
jwrr, wat Uie moft infupportabie part 
of- it. I always looked upon him to 
.bcagefttleman at leatt; though im- 
prudently married, I did not fancy 
•myfeif m'>rried diihonourahly — But 
mj |iither*s opinion of my choice was 
unhappily too jnftiy founded j and 
when the conttmptiole fellow in wh ofe 
bands I had placed the whole happi- 
, nels of my lifr, difc«vere«l that my 
^expeftations of a fortune were tn- 
tirely at an end he quitted the king- 
dom, and the nrft inteliigenc c I r'e- 
€eivcd of his Bight, came /iajTi ^ man 

to whom he had fold not on 
niture of his houfe, but all 
ornaments I carried with 
home, even to the gown ti 
was then dreffed \ leaving^ r 
guinea:, to enter into an in 
world, and to fuppoitshcl 
infant, who was as cruelly < 
its unfortunate mother. 

To whom, or what, or 1 
IcompUin. In the iiift n 
my dittraAion» nothing bu 
nizing fondnefs which I fe 
unhappy little boy, prevente 
fome a6t of defperaticn oi 
perlbn. When I conllden 
fcrable Aate to which I ha< 
myfeU', my mind was hui 
madnefs \ but when I (aw 
in.ioccnt, and recollected \ 
niecfiately depended upon 
dtfpair was melted into an 
found relief in a plentiful 
tears. Wi;h the ten guine 
mentioned, and a lew fi 
which I have borrowed 
f:iends who Ril! condefcenc 
me, I have made a (hift tc 
a twelvemonth, which hai 
clapfed Hnce the flight of 
rous hufband. But, al^s^ 
refources iiow begin to fai 
pie induitrioufly leek caufe 
an intercouffe with the 
and I, who once thought it > 
even to make concc(fions tc 
am now obliged to fupf 
comiMiilion of itrangers for 
ous bit of bread. What « 
of ine, Heaven only knowi 
am I'peedily aftided. My 
prattler lies at this mcmei 
oully ill of a fever, and ini 
l)ly pcrifh for neceli'aries, 
niiiring angel of provident 
quickly ftretch forth fome h 
to his relief. 

To my father I dare not' 
pity.— Yet, venerable aut 
being ! if ycu could conce 
fmalleft idea of what your 
Maria f:;els for her dirol> 
you could but know the ps 
tear her boloni, while (he I 
her ingtaii;ud.i to you, 
upon the irtlnncholy cra< 
expiiinf. infant, your gem 
would be ilruck at her affli^ 
your humanity would be 
for the tcllow creatuie, tl 
juftice might prevent yon j 
ing with tendernefs upon 
tcr ! Othen, with mercj 
prayer— She docs not preli 
drcfs your fondnefs at a i 

Letter frm a NcbU Lord to a R. R. Prelate. 35 

fofu cbarUy as a man^fave her dying 
little one — and Cie afks no compaflfion 

for herftr^f fnatch him from the 

rrave, and give her death without re- 
fu^^ce— he it calleJ after yout feir, 
aod may yet live to make fome atone- 
ment for hit mother't crime— No ! — 
'tit too late — be it now in hit laft a;|0- 
nies— and all will be fpeedily over with 

Maria Mortimer. 

4 G$mmme Ltiter from a KobU Lord to 
a R. Ri Prelate. 
My l.ord, ••••••, Jnnt IS, 1754- 

I Wat yetterday inforire.l that your 
Lordfliip bad Jaid your commandt ' 
upon Mr ••••, the vicar of thit pa- 
riflJ, KO repair to hit living j your 
lordihip it feemt, being no li>iiger 
dUpofed to difpenl'e with hi& ncn-re- 
fidence. The vicar and his, friends 
give ooty that this order is occafioned 
by a vote the vicar gave at a late elec- 
tion Contrary to your lordIhip*t jni!g 

I do not pay the leaft regari to thit 
reprefentation, nor have I any fqfpi- 
don that your lordship was dcteimin' 
ed in this matter by any other confi- 
deration than a piout concern for the 
good of the pariftioneri. And en 
that account, I make myfelf fu' e yeur 
lorddiip will no longer infiit upon 
M' ••••'t refidcnce with ur, after 
your lordlhii) i^ informed that it it 
likely to have a contrary effeft. 

In (hort, my lord, the parijh ioners 
of ••*• defire lole^^^^^S-tEtir 
prefent *vTcar JTH ^ thfy" liTITaT^ do, 
wTiTcIT is ror^aTagut a tortriighT ^r 
three weeks an nuall y ^n_j)a^f ^W^ e 
tiSi?:: — TTF?yfFe"aTennu3 good Tiit 
of pcoplfr» ard [he diligence, lo))ritiy, 
good Icnfc, and humanity of the-r 
prefent curate, are highly acceptable 
and edifying to then. This worthy 
mttn m-itt of courfe be difniificd if 
the vicar comes to relidc, and the peo- 
pic think they Ihall be no gainers by 
thf exchange. 

We acknowledge, my lord, that 
Mr **** has his accomplifhmcnts. 
He is .1 polite gentleman, plays a good 
fiddle, dances giaccf uHy, knowt whtit 
perfeilly, i« no contemptible mirkf- 
man at a partridge or a woodcock, of 
an exctiUnt taHc, and exquilite jutlg- 
mcnt on the merit of c^nrec and port, 
and by the ftrength of his bead, it 
able to ca.iy off his full (hare of ei- 
ther, always with decency, and not 
feldom with glory. But the misfor- 
tune it, t'jat the poor people of hit 
pariOi, have no opportunitiet of fit- 
ting under his mintlhy, when and 
where he is displaying (hefc admirA-m 

bletalentt; and when it com« to 
their tnrn to profit by hit paftoral 
giftt, it it an nniverfiil complaint, that 
their attention cannot keep pace wuli 
hit expedition, in reading the leflont 
and the prayert, and that their capa- 
citict cannot fathom the depth of hia 
dilTertationt on the idea of deity, 
eternal relationi, or the dignity of 
the church ; which laft point he al- 
wayt contrivet to touch upon either 
in the exordium or peroration ot hia 
difcourfe. , 

When the vicar it with us, the cu- 
rate migratet to hit mafter't othtf 
living, above fifty milet off, (though 
certified, by the bye, to be only thir- 
ty) and whatever occafional duties ai« 
wanted in the interval, the panChio- 
ners arc for the moft part obliged to 
have recourfe to a neighhouiing cler- 
gyman to perform, as the vicar's en- 
gagements are not to be broken by 
fucn trifling avocations. 

Some time before- your lordfhip'i 
promotion to the epifcopal bench, a 
motion was made in our houfe for a 
bill to compel the incumbents of be- 
neF.ces yielding 150I. per ann. or up- 
wards, clear of repfiTalj, to conftant 
ic:.dtn:e. The bench were in gene- 
ral again It the motion, on account of 
the difcouragemenc this would be to 
learning, (as the motion was in elFeft 
dtfigned to exclude pluralities) and 
the hardfhip it would be on men of 
fuperior parts, to be confined to the 
performance of the ordinary parochi- 
al duty, which mioht he difchar^ed 
by curates of mu h inferior quaiin- 
cations J and to thefe wrrc uldcd an 
ar.^'iinent takca from th;: obligation 
tr^Qi'z was up Ml the (tare to protect the 
church in her tights and privileges. 

I did not, I own, comprehend the 
fof^e of this reafonini^, but however, 
I flruck in with the par:y againft the 
motijn, upon a plainer and more in- 
ttllif!^ible irgMinfot r f my own, taken 
from the inconvenience of confining 
numbers rf the more opnlcnt ar.d 
fafliionabb clergy » 10 their r«»fpe£tive 
cures; with thn- inni^umg, iimbi- 
tious, l'c€nlar, and fcnfjal fpirit about 
them. I thought then, and I conti- 
nue flill to think, that they w<^ild be 
very bad examples to th'j people^ and 
do more harm by thcii practice, than 
they would do ^ood by their inftruc- 
ticns. I cxpreffed m.y opinion, that 
where a min's confcience would not 
difpo'chir f > take tiie care of his parilk 
peifonaily upon himfelf, he mult h^ve 
lome very unclericalc^uilulw,v<\\UVc 
it could not be exptd\eu\.loi\k\%v^o- 


Memoirs of the Rev. Dr CbahHer. 

pie to imitate. I h tve know n reSdent 
cleckSy^tnd fo perhaps hai your lord- 
Atp, who have greatly contributed to 
corrupt their pariAnoneri, by their 
nnedifying converfation, and the in- 
fluence their fuperior fortune gave 
them. It is true, a curate may be vi- 
cious and diforderly as well at a rec- 
tor or vicar : but their bad example 
feldom.does any very extenfive mif- 
chief.. Their fcant^ ftipendand fub- 
ordination to their principal, pre- 
vents their rifing to auy great degree 
of eftioiation, except what chey pur- 
chafe by a virtuous conduf^, and an 
attention to their duty; and a poor 
fcoundrel may always Uv hit account 
with being contemptible. But this 
is a fubje^^ which, being capable of fo 
clear ilLuUration from faAs» there is 
ho occasion to enlarge upon. And I 
have now only to reqneft your lord- 
fhtp to confider me as the amanuenfis 
of my well-meaning neighbours, fave 
only, that being intereft^ in the fuc- 
c^fi of their application as a parifhio* 
ner, I moft heartily join in their re- 

aueft{ and am, my Lord, your Lord* 
ilp's moft obedient fervant, 



memoirs •/ the Lifi of the lots Dr Sa» 


DR 'Chandler was defcended 
from ancellors heartily engag- 
ed m the caufe of non-conformity, 
ahd fnfFe'rers for the liberty of con- 
fcience. His grandfather. Chandler, 
ft tradefman at Taunton in Somer- 
feffhire, was much injured in his for- 
tune by the perlecutionc under Charles 
II. but bore chearfully tbg JPoi/in^ 
of bhgopjf, that he might preferve his 
peace of mind, and bis title to the 
iftter and mon emdttrmg fuhflama in 
bitpuitt inviolati. 

His father, the Rev. Mr Henry 
Chandler, was a di Renting minifter, 
of confiderable worth and abilities, 
who fpent the greater part of bis mi- 
.nifteriallife at Bath, where he main- 
tiined an honourable name. Mr 
(Samuel Chandler, his eldeft Ton, was 
born ar Hungerford, in Berks, where 
his father was then a ratnitter, in 1693. 
p'llcovering eaily a genius for lea* n- 
ih^, it was cultivated with care, and 
he was placed under mafters, with 
whom he made fuch improvements in 
claiHcal learning, that few carry from 
the college fo urge a fto^k of this, 
and particularly of the Qreefc, as he 
was mafter of before he went to the 

Being determined for tbemini/fry, 
fie trjs Hr/l feat to aa academy at 

Bitdgewtler, whence he was fbon re- 
moved to Gloocefler, that he might 
be a pupil of the very learned and in- 
genious Mr Samuel Jones, who had 
opened an academy in that city, with 
great reputation, which he lone fup- 
portedy as he applied himfeif with 
uncommon diligence to cultivate the 
minds of his pupils 1 in which he wa$ 
not a little animated by the dikin- 
guiQied gepiufes of feveral of them % 
one of whom was the famous Dr 
Butler, who died biAiop of Durham, 
and another the late archbilhop oi 
Canterbury*. That emulation which 
fuch companions in ttudy muft excite, 
and the mutual light and afliftanoi 
they would communicate, could not 
but greatly contribute to render Mr 
Chandler richl]f furniflied in the fe- 
veral parts of literature and icience, 
to which he applied ) ahd particular!/ 
in critical, biblical, and oriental lear- 
ning. And the acquaintance and 
friend fhip which then commenced^ 
was continued with reciprocal inftan- 
ces of efteem and regard to the end 
of life, notwithftanding thtir diffe- 
rent ftations and engagements. 

Mr Chandler leaving the academy^ 
began to preach about July 1714, and^ 
entering upon hia (acred employ- 
ments, with fuch abilities, and theft 
fo well improved, was foon taken no- 
tice of ) and chofen to be their miuif- 
terby tlie i^relbytcrian congregation 
at Peckham, nr^ir London, in i7r6f 
and ferved them in the ftofjpei of 
Chrift, with acceptmre and reputa- 
tion, till he was called thence to 
minirter to the fociery in the Old 
Jewry, one of the moft confiderable 
prefbyterian churches in the city. 
while Mr Chandler was employed at 
Peckham, fume gentlemen of the fe- 
veral denominations of difTentcrs in 
the city, came to a refolutaon to fet up 
and fupport a weekly evening lef^ure 
at the Old Jewry, for the winter half 
year$ the i'ubje^? treated in which 
were to be the iviJe/ica of Huturml^yd 
ntviedtd reli^icn, and anlioirs to the 
principal oLjrQwns uroed againft themi 
and f hofe xyio of the moft eminent 
young miniHers in each dertoniin;«. 
tian for executing this defign. Of 
tbefe Mr Chandler was one, and the 
very worthy and learned Dr l^urdncr 

When this leQure was dropped, 
another of the fame kind was fet 

* 1b out account of (he life of the lite 
trclibiihop of Canterhuiy, it was ikid that 
hit Grace was put under the tukionofthe 
fathei of ihc U\e Di i?exd\oiado Warnei \ 
which feem« w be a nviClaVue . lUit . 

Mtmks cf tke Kmv- "Or Cb/mdler, 


vff, fobr fMreiChed by ont p^rfoiif Mtti 
Mr Ctiaiullcr wtt chofen fir rhi& 
ikrvu e. rn the courfc of thii leJItflTe 
he jireached foirte fermont <M^ the 
l^ormrmstion which mira-Us gave tt> 
tke djvinc miffion of Chr-f(« a«i(i the 
trurh of hit religion ; and vindicated 
the argument aj^ainft th? obje6Koii& 
of ColTiiu, in his Q rounds and Safins ^ 
&c. The'e lermook, by the advice of 
a friend, he thiew 'uho the forip of 
a continued tieatife, and printed. 
Thie work gained him high reputa- 
tion* ^nd made way for his being 
called, upon the firlt vacancy, to fet- 
tle wirb the copgre/ation in the Qld 
Jcwrf, about the year 17155 firft at 
an ^ff^ant, and alterwardi as their 
pator. Here he miniftered to tlie 
reli||iout Improvement and vtcrnal 
felicity of an affl^ftionate andjrene- 
roiif people for forty yea rf, with an 
encreaGng and eftabiifh'ed reputation | 
wfiich, how well it was de(erved» his 
difcour/et formerly and nqw printed 
ifufficieotly manifcft. 

Perhaps it may be of ufe to ftudi- 
ous perfons, of tender conftiturions 
to be informed, ihar Mr Chandler, in 
the younger part of life, uvas fubjcft 
to frequent and dangerous ^^i;/ri) 
one of which confined tum more thin 
three months, and threatened, by its 
efFc^ts, to (li fable him for public <er- 
vice. Ha wai, therefore, advifcd to 
go into the 'vegetable dittj iii which he 
continMed for twelve ycnrs. Tnis 
psuduced fo happy an alreration in 
iuj contii^ution, that tl<oijg!i he af 
ter^^ards returned to the uluil w.iy 
ot living, he enjned an tuuominon 
ih.ire of vigour and fpiiits rill f-rventy. 

Among o'her learneH and uffful 
dctigns which Mi Cl:ani;ler had lorm. 
cd, he began a commenraiy on tlie 
piophers. Having finiOicd J jcl, which 
he publilhed, and p,one a great way 
in Iftiah, he met with the manufcTipt 
lexicon and \t&.\\ es of the famous 
yV*3bic profeiTor Schuitent, who much 
recommends the explaining the diHi- 
cnlt words and phrstfes of the Hebrew 
language, by comparing them with 
tile Aiabic: This detei mined Mr 
Chandler to Itiidy the Hebiew a new, 
with this lig:«i ')el'orc him, and to 
drop his comm^nrary till he fliould 
thuf have ficisfied hi'iifelf that he 
bad attained the genuine fen?e of the 
iacied writers { and having dropped 
it, a variety of other cn^agememt 
prwehted his refuming and nniiliiiig 
his oriainal plan. 

While he wis thus employed in ad- 

^rgnci'tjgr the mtere&B of religion, 

hsraiag, aadlibaty, be received the 

higltell lifeiai^ htcmovr ffom f ^o vni. 
vrrirticty fSdinhnrgh and AKerdren} 
whoeaih of th«*m Tent him, unaOted^ 
the diploma of P D. 

Before I ronclndethefe brief mc- 
ipoirs, I would mention rwo nt- three 
fads, which juflice to the pu£lcr*s 
mertiory will not allow me to omit. 
The firji is^ that the *w'ttktws and er- 
pbam 6f poor difff ntiifs; minifiers are 
greatly indehted to him for thai fund 
which has relieved fo m^'.ny of rheir 
nfcefTitier. Ue firit formed the de- 
iign of it, and by bis intereft and ap- 
pRcations engaged a number of gen- 
tlemen in the generous fubfcriptjony 
that laid the foundation on which this 
excellent cliarity has lince rifen to 
its prefentgreatcefsj and to this fund 
he continued a zealous friend to the 
laft. Two other fa^s I fball tnm- 
fcribe from the fermon preached at 
his funeral. 

The one is, that the high reputa- 
tion which he had gained, bjr hti de- 
fence of the Chriftian religion, pro- 
cured him, from fome of the gover- 
nors of the effablifhed church, the 
offers of confiderable preferment, 
which he noV)!y declined. He valued 
more than thefe, the liberty and in- 
tegrity of his confcience, and fcomed, 
for any worldly coniiderations, to pro- 
fefs as divine truths, do^riitcs which 
he did not really believe, and to prac- 
tice in religion, what he did not in- 
wardly approve. An honourable fa- 
crifice to truth and honrfiy, ind well 
compenfated by the atFr^lion and ge- 
nerofity of his people % as far as fiich 
faci ifices are recomptmied en this fide - 
the grave. 

The other faft is this . When it had 
pleafed God, during the lait ye^rs oF 
his life, to vifit him with fiequent re* 
turns Of a mo<l painful difoider, he 
bore thefe with a refiqnathn becoming 
the faith of a Chrijftan, grew vifibly 
more difengaged from temporal /h tugs, 
and often with warmth declared, that 
to Secure the divine felicity promifed 
by Chrifl, was the principal and al- 
nioft only thing that made ii^e defir- 
able; that, to attain this, be would 
gladly die, fubmittin^ himfelf entire- 
ly to God, as to the time and manner 
of death, whofe will was mott righte* 
ous and good 1 and being perfuaded, 
that all nvas nveft, Hjvhuh ended nvell Jcr 

Thus Dr Chandler clofed a long, 
a^ive, and ufefoi life, and we trutt 
he is among the diad whv have died ir 
tbe Lord, and an hltffti \ nuhi rijl from 
il*0ir iabourSi and qjubojfe ^worVi yXXv^i 
item. T>Mi, Amo^j. 


Lift of Books — with Remarks. 

1 . ^hiighu on tke Origin and Na- 
ture 9f Gifuemmtnty occafioned by the 
Dijputes between Great Britain and her 
American Colonies, 

TH £ author lays down hu fundamental 
principle in thefc terms : '' The 
ric^hrs of go.ernment are built upon fome- 
' thing much more certain and permanent 
than any voluntary human coniraO, real or 
imaginary ; for they are bailt upon the 
weakneft and neceih'ties of mankind. 9^ 
natural wcaknefs of mm in a fohtary ftatty 
prompts bim tojlyfor prote3ion to whoever is 
mile to sfford it, that it, ttfome out more powr 
erfui, tkan himffjf j nvbile the more povterful 
ftanding equally in need of hisfirvice, readify 
receives if in return for the prott&ion he gives. 
This is the true nature of chat contra *.t, which 
pervades every part of the focial world, and 
which is to be fecn at all times, in every 
empire, republic, city and family, or indeed 
wherever two or three are met toge'.her. 
From this is df*rived ^11 ihe relations of 
maf^er and fer\-ant, patron and client, kinj; 
and fu'.)}cd ; a::d every proje^ in public and 
privaic life which Joes not proceed upon this 
TcciprbcalobUgauoo of protu£lion and fer- 
ricn, will be for ever abortive, or faul to 
the pro eflor.*' 

He then proceeds as follows : *' In a ftate 
confining of one ruler, and one fubjeA, like 
that of Ribinfon Orttfoe and his man Friday, 
the fervice of one of thefe in return for (he 
protcAion of the other, can be oni> pcrfonal ; 
And the mode, as well as the quantity, of 
this fert-ice muft be left to the difcretion of 
tbu fupcrior ; whofe will muft ferve for all 
the diHer^t fortK of la.v, either with regard 
.to public or private righi<, which tlie nature 
of that iimple fociety can pofitbiy admit. 
But in a numerous focicc^ , it would beab- 
furd, that all the fubje^U (hould be perfon- 
ally employed In the public fervice : as a 
very few of a numerous community arc fuf- 
£ciem to do all that is required for the de- 
fence and proceAion of the whole. But as 
all are equally liable,' and the Ittting the 
whole labour fall u^on a few, would be un* 
juft and niinous, it became neceflfary that 
each man in the community fhould contri- 
bute 3 certain portion of the produd of his 
private indaflry,for the maintenance of thofe, 
who being occupied in fulfilling the general 
obligatirn, of ferving or aflifting the pro- 
tefling power, have not fufficient leifure to 
provide ful>fiftance fbr themfelves. In (horr, 
a tax, in whatever mode it nay appear, is 
but another word for fervice ; and as that en- 
ters effentially into the very being of go- 
remment ; whatever concerns the appoint- 
ing, rcgulaiing, or rendering it efie^ual, be- 
comes the moft imporunt part of lecifla- 
tion I and which, from the natnre of thmgs, 
no inferior partof adminiftration, much left 
the fubjcfls, have the kaft right to meddle 
with,^xcept under the fumeme authority. 
We/c the fupteme aurhonty to refign this 

power of the purfe into the handa of wiy f- 
tber pant of the fociety, fuch a refignation 
would amount to an abdication of the ^ 
vernment : and that pan which became m- 
▼efted with the power of levying money, 
would be, ipfefa&Oy fupremo . 

What then "becomes of the notion, That 
people ou^ Mit to be tax* .1 but by thtir awn con- 
Jcnt f Any fct of people who arc maftcrs of 
their own purfes, are matters of their own 
ferviees, they are their own matters, and 
fubjeft to no body. From thofe who are 
really fubjeds fuch omlent never was nor 
ever can be aflted. It will be faid, that the 
people of England c<»r.>ent to ther »w« taxstiOk 
by thtir rtprefent^iws. But this is only a 
vulgar mifar prchenfion ; the confent of the 
people being no more required in £ngiand|( 
upon fuch occafions, ihm it is in Turkey : 
The ibk difference is, that the (iipreme pow- 
er happen* to be differently conftituted m 
thofe two diffisrent ftatcs, but w hep confti- 
. tured, ic equally alTumes the right of impo- 
iJOg taxes upon the people without their con- 
fen'. The people ot England, or cercaio 
cLlTcsof ihem, have a ri,^.ht by cteaion to 
conrtitntc the third part of the Icsiflativc 
power for fevcn years ; andf it would make 
no differf-nre in my argument if they confti- 
ftuted the whole for that term : but /-« the 
day of rhShtty the ieope have no more ffiare 
in the Icr.iflition than thole of Tu key, and 
theftrin};s of their purfes are equity retigned 
into the Iwnds of their ru'ers. It may be 
perhaps faid that if thefc members of par- 
liament abofe the confidence that is put in 
them, the people may at the end of {even 
years eleA or hers in ihtir ikead. But this 
does not in the lea i affcd (he queflion,which 
is not what is to happen after the fupreme 
legiflative power is diffi>iVfd ; but wh*tt hap- 
pens while it afrually fubiifts. When a par- 
liament is diluilved, the people muft pr(»ceed 
to the cedion either of the fame or other 
mcmUrs ; i^ut whoi:vcr ih.;y clo't wi I have 
the fame unlimited power with their prcde- 
refTor* ; and, alihou.j;h ihc pcrfons ir.ay be 
chani;cd, the conftituiion of the goven^ment 
and the "-'.ghts of the governv'^rs and the go- 
verned are perpetual, and arc no more 
changed aong with the members of parlia- 
ment, than they are in Turkey, when one 
Sultan, in that military democracy, is depo- 
fed by his confti'uents the }ani£aiie«,anda- 
nother fet up in his place. So far ftom the 
confent or opinion of the people of.EngUmd 
being more particularly ntccflar}' in this fpe- 
cies of legillaiion than in any other, that all 
who know any thing of ^Ve pra£lice of par- 
liament, mult kn'^w that it is a conft^m lu.le 
not to admit any petition, however humbly 
conceived, againft any bid in deliberation for 
levying money, while this privilege is al- 
lowed upon almoft ever}' other occafion.* 

* Petitions were received in the cafe of 
the excifie upon wine and tobacco in 1733, 
tod of the excife upon cyder in x ^63. But 

Lift of Books — with Remarks. 


la order to ihew In its utmoft extent, and 
membamlTcd by tny accklemal circumfkin- 
€es, the frivoloufneff of the rulgar notion 
that the people of Engbnd keep the pofTcf- 
fion of their own puifes, and give their con- 
iient to their ov.n taxation by tlicir reprefen- 
Udves ; 1 hare fuppofcd that every ditcher 
in the countrv^ ai:J every chimney -fwee per 
in towft pitei his vote for eieAing men^bers 
of the Houfe of Commons^ pceis of the 
lealm, an J if you picafe, the king likewife, 
far the fpace of feven years ; and have 
ftewn, tfait with all thefe fuppoiitioni, they 
would be ta^<■d without their own confent, 
as much as if they lived under the Great 

The author proceeds to obferve, chat a 
rery fmjU part of the inhabhants of England 
are Initially rcprcfeated, and that the word 
vi-rntj', which h^s been introduced to fupply 
the dtf'eB. bn« -n) mSeaNng. It was not a 
fund:: mental pinciple of the Engllfti confti- 
' totion (hat evtry freeholder ihould fit in par- 
liament, ekher in perfon, or in the perfon 
of one whom he had concurred in chufing. 
The freeholders fat in parliament as the 
pTwtn cf the ftate, and \«hen they ceafed to 
be fonerful, they ceafed to be qualified : 
. this, fays he, is manifeft from the flatute of 
the 8th of Hen. VI. for retraining the num- 
ber of voters to frecho dcrs that poflefTed 
40s. a year. This ail was \<f\iAy intended 
to give a ftabiiity to the conftitution, which, 
by a conftaLt increafe of its conftitucnts, 
was gradually changing ; but unhappil}', by 
foppolmgaflibility in the value of money, it 
produced an effcft the very contTary of what 
was intended ; a puree of land which was 
then worth 40s. would now be worth 20I. 
fa that there may now be ten legal voters 
for a knight of ti.e fliire, for one in the time 
cf Hen. VI. but iho'.igh they are legal vo- 
ters by the letter of th.: law, they sre not fo 
by ihe fjurit of the ancient conftitutiun, whi.'.h 
plainly inteiMied to lop offninc out of ten of 
them, and ccnfcqiicntly no argument can be 
drawn from their prcl'ent makif.licity, for 
the ncceffity uf 9II frehoiders being rcprc- 

But it \% faid th;tt all the lands of England, 
being divided amongA the freeholders, they 
become by that nieiins the vinual rej)rfjen' 
taiivts of aJl ihofc who live upon thefo lands ; 
and b)- that virtual re/refcr.tation^ have a 
right of giving laws to the whole, and to 
which the whole, by a fort of taci: or viriual 
ccmfuil, give their confcnt. 

If this is a principle of government, fays 
the author, it will be true in every Applica- 
tion ot if. 

The freeholders, as onlercd to be fum- 
raoncd to pirliament by King's Magna 
Charts, were, it feenis, the v riualrtp' cjeraa- 
t'Trs ot every man in the kingdom, whether 

thofr: {>vii:iuns weic not admitted as againft 
the t^xes thtHifrivfs^ but only as againl) the 
MQdc of coiled ing ihem. 

their number was great or fmall. They 
were poflibly at that lime two or three thou- 
fand. &uppofc they had been onir fevea 
hundred, a« in the zoth year of the Conque- 
ror, orfuppofe ihem feventy,or only feven, 
then ihefc ftven muft be acknowledfcdto Im 
the virtual r prefentatiws of the whole, fiat 
let us come tc the matter at once, and fup- 
pofe all the lands held by one freeholder ; 
at is adtually the cafe in Turkey. Then lli 
the Grand Signor virtuji refrefrmuth/f of all 
the people of Turkey, their univerfal knighl 
of the ihire, and, in a molt parliamentary 
manner, levies \hhat taxca lie plea£cs upon 
them, iy their oitn confent. 

The author having thns endeavoured to 
ihow that the notion of people confeniing to 
their own taxation it contrary to the rature of 
gmfeTMmens, and mtjufpo* ti.d by anyfadi ; that 
the notion of the legillaiive poiver acting by 
▼iitue or' reprefentation, it no princifu in tbg 
Brinjh conJ}::uti'in, and that the woids vittutl 
rep* eJtRtation either have no meaning at all, 
or mean much more than thofe whoirfeth^.u 
would be wiliing to admit, procf^eds to cC'H- 
fider the claim of the Americans as fbundial 
upon their charten. When they are fhewnp. 
lays he, that thefb charters are no othcnliMt 
what are given to every common corpo'atit^i 
and trading company, then they ceafe to bv 
charters, aiKi become, all at once, cumra.'ls : 
they pretend to have taken Ih.'.htr in a c.if- 
lanc country from the tyranny ot pierngative, 
yet they made what they n- w call ihe;r com- 
pafts with a James or a Charles : b'-wmuft 
the (hades of Sidney and Lock exclaim to 
hear Engliftimen who pretend to rcsd and 
admire their writings, confefs thit ihcy had 
entered into a compact, or, as thcfe riots 
would call it, a conjpi'at-y with a king to ob- 
tain a dilpenfation from the laws of the hnd, 
and the authority of parliament ! The whole 
fovereign power could not enter into any in- 
defeazable compact of that foit } waving rea- 
foning, however, he has rccourfe to fafl. 
There never was, he fays, a more folcnm 
compadt than that^which waT made ty ;htf 
union of England and Scotland ; in this 
compaA, there was an article that i;a\'C th* 
. Biitifli parliament as abfolute an authority 
in the affairs of the unitetl kingdoms, as \\\2 
fevc'ral parliaments had in thofe kingdoniT 
when feparate. To this uncontroulahl: 
power was intrufted ihe guardianliiip of ihi-: 
other articles, and the fole right of cKfbia- 
ing their meaning. 

In the year 17*5, an aft paflcd m the BrJ- 
riih parliament for extending the malt ta^ t9 
Scotland, wiiere a malt-taxwas as new, as a 
Ikamp-tax was three years ago in Americji. 
This innovation had been objeded to on a 
former occalion by many of the Scotch , who 
declared it a breach of the article of the U- 
nio8. It was anfwcrcd, that the tax pr«>- 
pofed was wiihln the fpirit of thofe articles ^ 
and whether it was or not could only be de- 
termined by the majority of both houfes, 
with his m.ncfty'4 coacuiwtvtc •, \v. >»ix^ ^^• 


W ^ Bwks-~mik limits- 

Manf fco^*- ia .Scutla^Dj, k>wBwr,fiU| 

^uld new pST i| ; .ivitcn tlw officcu V.- 
(empteJio fc»j it, Ihey bcaf tl'ein »nf»r, 
pulliBsdowDtlieJioiirti.deffroilDB.ibe fiitr . 
si:u[C,ai^ lliliarenini; the livei ut f iich of 
Thxirco-jolrrmcn »t hid wncurnd in paiEnC 
if-e itt. .Whit.fijS ihii author, vould uur 
Ameriun fricodt have idvifixi goMnuntni 
10 do ID thit c-fe > To ictcal die aQ be- 
ML-C; ■ S<;o;cli mob pionounced ic illegil .' 
«T,'iD inriy liiriiisin tbrCiicnaci; la sua' 
Tirco ilitm ibey were in (he wrons ? Qo- 
i«ino>cnitfti:dau.n«o>chro[ilfdl'i alew 
.cotnpanict uf bi>[, and inopi oEUnguou 
veic liml to Ghtfgoir, whete ihe of 
Libeiif w» lei h|>, with ■ fcn£blc and fpi- 
)i(ed oSccr tt thtii bod, who fuoa bnuiilic 
ib« mifiakto leifonen lo a bciiei und«r- 

Thi> ihc geiiilaman «[ Anetrci will f*y 
ii rj(i f«L'. I vrUI DM difpuie k. The]' 
BiayfJit it by whii name (hey pleaC:. but 
theie m!i«r w»i « queftion of fupremacy de- 
cided by my othri Jbii of liw. Thofe wbo 
■ry 10 fepuate li» from fitce, acccmpi im- 
ptoully 10 putiboEe afunici whom God bia 
bean pleited to join ) aod ai ifae leifbnbifti 
of fuchmca are neircr co.i<efpaadenc[o any 
/afli that have goae Iw^re { ib ale iheir 
««m ijlran* ne^er corrafpoDdeu to riieii 
icironinRi. I( it to arRumeBi or club Iiv, 
to which ihe 'ifyrBaUi inpaUcrot Bo<lon 
and Rhodc-ifland iiuft the juflice of Ihsii 
Mufe f Ii itlrKumcm ladeoiDlilbthe houfea 
or deflny ihesoixlj of tiiofewhodiBetfroin 
them in opinion ; oi, ii it art^ment id cairy 
(keiti to tit itti ^ -ihrfi, and there oMige 
them to Lake God to wiiacfi to. leiuiinenta 
not their own, for fear ofbciDR immcduiclf 
pat tn doaih r Thufe aie ouiraitc' which 
Bone but i|>c miQ iiyionnt ud diftcmpeicd 
imli^na'.iaD) cnuhl ever, die d fuMn aiiy 
kind oF ellabliflifd poictnnieBi, and yet are 
coininilled by thofc, vlio, in the Teiybciiiht 
of iheic lion, ciQiplain of cniel andarbi- 
iratj eieiticu of puver in the rnjld ^icem- 
Bient nfGrtjt Btitaiii, "Hjiiki the m^ juQ 
and hununc tf kln^i. 

Tiie iiintor cuiicliKlei hii fpiiited pai- 
iiicaiani^e by , obfcriiof;, that the dilhifiain 
qucltion »te not pionetly nUnia, «[h« in 
woid nr deed \ ilitt theit molt aocient jnd 
legal Englilh naneji ti.^»\ ai'IONs, and 
tbaitbeyliRTe.atwayf tweninf^^nuiifrj, 
fot'enieriby a licunRielotgoTetnai, 
the king of Gtcat Biiub, and tccalled ^ 
kiitt ai plcafure : the ptirle ot luch fite- 
tMins, ri>i he, ate not iotiJed to panki- 
paTe.thenifqy idianiagetibcy enjoy ai Iot 
et)tnta):n.^,riitiic of ibeit BiitiDt defcait, 
tut WV n&re fjlid vA T4tianal prBcijde, 
tli«ii bttpsfiMhEul fjiiqefia oTGitatEtinln, ■ 
Cnce the fami;..i4yf ntagei ate byJaw^ipiUly 
e.»nin<tnl.-if ed to futh of them at cobm ftora 
Vejlllulia ind the niiiuMi*. Id thc&, 

Th> j)l)ui cniiii i>, it|ai ibidf Hnuuiju, 
Ui iliBD lie' cal^ piixtfitim, fm ^tmi, a- 

niiiireantlfiuiHi^ i>iil;f bnd^e puit in 
ibcEo^^oiB^iaiii ; <:it <'.iCh [lif^ wo(;l4 
ncccE^nJjr coDUDiic, ilja,:':;)^ perb^i in f 
muchlowertlepee.iiudci fomcdtlneijoBsl- 
ful Euiope^ iiitt, /ihrii moV W* aodho- 
J-.D11 able lie, with whi: itey' aw tttllfil^W 
M citl, ilieic biafba (inatrj, 4)0)tid luf fW 

inci^aa appuiiiccncet wuuU boiktttiidiTe 
ofihepnijp^iity iind liberty of both. IS ta, 
it fei^rtK to foilow, ilui tiU K>iur Eng^i^ la 
IliuPe eiwugh to procef^ Old Enelaqd,fad 
,lht fcjii of the £riii|Ji cmpiie ii iiausfcired 
ftoin Londun i* BcII'Id, tbaie it an ablblLAC 
n«cclliiy that iheiijjhtofjiviqelawioAnc- 
.iica, fliuold coQiinue id be veSed iji Gieat 
Bri aiii. That ii i< the inieicfl oC Great 
Britain to ftotiiG and cheiiih hei Amaivo 
piOTUicci inUeid of oppieffiDt; them, ii an 

undeniable. Ciuih ; andJi i\, perl — '-'" 

true, that bniL- farther aiieniioi 
&nhei meant of commi 
waniini; to ihit drJiiiblc i 

aic Jlill 
: but lei.ereiT 


b ni, ftaod forth in dtfcuce of hiti gicti re- 
ginaiiv.- unc^mroulable power, witboot 
which no union, aad of couife do (afety, cau 
berapeAed. X. 

I. ZiiigiiaTragr/(f,mitiiptrftTm- 
td at Ite Tbrtil'ri Reyat in Drury Lemf, 
. ty AUxtuidtr Deiu. 

To tiit piece the author hat pTtfiied ibc 
fbilouini; adTenifemeni, 

To ihufe who are nut eot»erfrtnt in tk! 
hifloiy of rhe Afialic natiuoi, it may [.ot b' 
improper to pte in brief, the ftory up. a 
whicli the uagedf of i£iiq[ii ii founded, an 
■ ~ ■ ' Mopolilian 


Dry of the Mogul I'ar 


century, moft of ihe I'ar- 
tar Utdai, ot tiitict, ihou^ eaTCincd by 

. their own chiaff, paid tribute to the kini; of 
the Ordi of the iLenitt, who held hii court 
tuder ibe title of the Gnnd Chan, In the 
city of Caracorum, weU known fine* by 
the name of OrdabalJch. The bmoui 
Zingii Chan, who adotwardt oon^uerad all 
•he cuntrict from the lia of Ctmon .in 
China lotbc Nile, wai prince of theNiron 
tribe oi Tartan ) and ROm biii early youth 
JeiTcd in the atain af Aunac, the f^and 
Chan } and at laA ntm to iha commaDd of 
all hiiforcea. Zcmouci, chief ol the Sio- 
Saraipi, fuppJantcd Zii^i 'm AuHC'i famr: 
Zingji .uai.di%iac«d. -He m-ind lu bit 
Oidj, which WH- >■ liMn* nuafate indepua- 

' deni of ihe grand Chan. Aunae pirftied 

Zinr.ti,(rith a faiall ftiKe and waa defta^tcd, 

liniii [ nfidin. jrm l\mm ■a^jin apit'l-^ 


lijt jaf Bttki-^vUh Rmmhl 


L hiRte, totally rouMd by 2ifig!i ; Znigon 

} liic prince foyal was mhi, aiMl the only 

dh«f;liter of Aanic, Orifii Lu|;iD, frU into 

the GOMuefpr*! handi. Ziogis havii^ de- 

! cenniaed lo gfve Ovifa in marriige id hia 

^ fimmite ion OOv, who afterMrards fucoeed* 

ed him b At empire of all Afia, ocoifioiH 

ed an InflmeAicm under Timur, another of 

bti fons, who wat in fdfe #itfa the prlncefs. 

Tnmir feR In Ua rehelUon, Ovila died of 

pi«fy and die mfortimate monirchy Aunuc, 

vai killed fn hfi lll^t, from an aaion, In 

vhich he was defieated by a part of the army 

of Zin^ii. 

Zingis Chatty whether we regard ! :-r; »s t 
conqntror 'or legiflator, was, perhaps, iha 
grea'eft prince, that erer appeared in hifv 
tory. He not only fecured ihe empire of 
all Afia 10 hit pofterity for fome ap,es, but 
eren tothitda^', tivo thiids of ihit immenfe 
cnminentremainiiin the polTeflion of princes 
of the blood. So fortunate was he in his 
children anddefeendants, that many of them 
did MX yield ra abilities to him ; snd they 
wou^d, perhaps^hare equalled him in fame. 
I h^d his fword left them more m corqucr.-— 
The Emperor of Chin^^the Mopil nflndia, 
the ereat Chan of Tartary, and the princes of 
the K rim Tartars, derire iheir binod from 
Ztr;;is , and ic i« remarkable, thatat one pe- 
riod, rherr were five hundred crovnad heads 
\ of his race in Afia. 

In the Probguc, which the reader will find 
among the poetry of laft month, wc arc 
tctd, that the author doe« not *' offisr 
msnncrs and men fn>m the (lore of fanry/* 
h^vin^ lirrd among the people he defcribcs. 
Thi« would certainly hsve giren hi- piece 
ncii; nnd p>-wcr, if it had b^cn exhibited be- 
fore an audience who had lived amonf; thrci 
too ; hut the manners of fiincy have as good 
9n cffeA as the manners of life, upon thofe 
V. MO ^ re wholly unacquainted with the origi- 
naU fiom which they wercdrawn. 

TIic dramatic charaders and ftor}* are as 
foil nr : 

ZIN'GTS, Emperor of Tanary. 

TIMUR, his fon. 

SIDASCOy his general. 

NEVIAN, his miniflcr. 

A UN AC, the dethroned Empexor. 

OVISA, his daughter. 

ZElvlOUCA, his general. 

ZENA^"' } Tarurian Prince. 

M[LA, wifetoCUBLA. 
A C T I. 

In a diaJogue between Cub* a ami Nevian 
1: appears, that Zingis L'd been fupplanted 
hj 2tinnouca \ that he had armed his tiibe a- 
gainit Aunac, and has juft defeated him in a 
decifive afiion, in which Zangon, the fon cf 
Aunac, and biotiier of Orlfa was HaLi ; it 
appears alio, that the lifter of CnMa, was the 
wife of Zingis, and the mother of Timur ; 
■nd ihercfr^re Cubia dec la ret i^e will not ^£1 
againft Zbgis ; liocthat, cunfidering him as a 
iifutper^ he wiU not aft uixlrr h/r dire^iop, 

(XjCDt. Mag. jMp. J "f:^.) 

6 ' ' 

Zeniy in an fatfer?iew with CubU, decbrca 
himiaJIffectetly a friend u* AunJ>Cy though 
apparemly m The fenrice of Zingis, and diey 
eonrcrt together how to aflitt Zemuuca in a 
bold attempt to retrieve his affairs^by crofCng 
a riTer, acdfoddeoly attacking Ziogis in ihe 

. Zemouca» the brother to Cubla'a wifie Mi*. 
■ ^t cnga^e« her to uleher interna with OriCi 
to prerailonTrmtirio joinagabfihis father; 
Timur 'had taken Aunac prifoner with hia 
daughter, but ha^l fet hini at liberty, being 
prevailed upon by her entreaties and teats, 
and iie io return had giTcn him her heart : 
Auoac had approred the connection, and had 
propofed that the marriage Ihoukl take pl.-ce, 
and thu Timur ftonld be declared heir of 
Tarury, opon condition that Zinj;is (hould 
I*) d'jwnhis arms : Zin^is refufey i' e offer ; 
jind in a ragediives TinmrfTivr. his ^icftmrK : 
In the inrcrview between Zcm^u a and Mi- 
la, it appears further, that Zemouca is him- 
felf in love uith Ovifa j fcewill not give her 
up, he fiys, yet he propofes Ihe (hail rule the 
nations with Timor. 

Go to Ovifa ; let her arm the (on 
Of haughty Ziugis in her athe-'s caufc. 
Thus /bai/ flie wreft from tyranny the world. 
And rule the nations with the man flie loves. 

And doev my brother then relign Orifd ? 

No-Mila— No,— 

Before Zcmouci and Mila part, he gives 
her a dagger, that if her fiiuation Ihould be- 
come dcfpcrate, (he may at Icafl picfetve 
herfelf from dilho!.:)ur. 

A C T II. 

Mila endeavours to porfuade 0\'ira to arm 
Timur agalnft his Cither, (he refulcs at firrt 
from principles of virtue and honour, but be • 
ing (Further urged, and remii)de<[ 'hit Ztitgis 
wi.l immediately compel herto m.Tfy CWtar, 
his favourffc fon, who is arrivcdf or chat pur- 
pofe, (he confenta. 

In the interview wijh Timur, her virtue 
and honour again furmoum her love and dif- 
trefs : (he only hints at her purpofe, and 
even admoruihcs him not to comply : he dif- 
covers (he horrors of their (ituatioo i that it 
depends upon him alone to fa\-e the life of 
Orifa's father, and to prcfcr^'e her frcm a 
rival whom 4ie car.not love ; ;et he cannot 
rcfolve to oppofc his father. \V hiic he is iri 
this fiate of Hoguilh and unccrrairty, CutU 
urges him to join the cocfpirAcy from u'iier 

Thou beareft{fays no) \vi:h t9mcn.:fi 
This weight of iiitaniy 'y Zii^^is thiuwn 
Upon thee in his wiaih— 
He wIk>, without rem^rfe, has trod on ^VgU 
Ha^ broj|e all (actc^ ties ihjt bind maovii.if? 

While Timur conrinues w:.vcring, woi^ is 
broiiv'hr him, that he is pardoned by bis /«' 
thj ■ a- .i rcrtored to his comnuod : '* Zii- 
" gis.uyi the !ne:re-'jcT,(cn^\ ^K^^ liv>k. 



Ufi of Booh^^'^th Remarks. 

** with bflf hit warlike tri^s^to ghe the 
" iinal blow to cxilerl Aunac." 

He M thus brouglkt imoncw difficultfe«,MKl 
inHead of receiving his pardon with pleaftiTet 
heficateftto fulfil the condition. ' 

In this criiis ijv\i% again joins him, and the 
followipg icene is full of poetry and dtftrefs. 
Enter OVISA. 

tf e ftaff ^ 1 
Is then the prcfenee of the \ofi Ovifa 
Hatefvl to Tiniur ? Vrince, I do not conut 
To make thee deviate from the f|'lcodid pith 
Thy ibul ('elights to follow. {jS9^H' 


By the light, 
ThuCf from thy beauties, beans upon my 

Tbou muA not leave me.— But thou muft— 

Dpnoupre thy curfcs on me.— In thy words 
i)f foftncTt dwells vAutterable pain. 

tain from.T iniuT ihofe int'algent eyes. 
That ihcd fbft pity, from their luckloihi— 
fox I do nnt Heferre it, — FaJfe to thee— 
Vaifc (o my word* A traitor to my love— 
Jhy fachcr'i murderer. 

Mr hat means the prince. 
He b not dead ? 

But he m\ift die OvIfa, 
And by thofc hAnd«. -The cruel Zingis 

My pardon, and cotninandsme to the war : 
^o lead the N irons o'er the AJtay's fiream, 
To rurtt upon thy father in hif camp, 
Aod ctxlthifc contcft,that inflames the world. 

Hark !— The impatient troops proclaim 

their joy 
To fee their prince rcftor'd, and ibout for 


1 come,— Ovifi— — 

Timor, leave me.— Go.— 
And, on the ruins of tnir filling race. 
Rear to thyfelf a monument of fame. 
Think not I fei/e thy ikirt to kf ep thee here. 
Th'nk not I weep, thefc eyes are only dim. 
Think not i breath a figh. 

Should guilty fouls 
Feel alt my ptn^— A moment of their woe 
Migh' expiate tiin crimes of half the world. 
But Nc.vian comes!— 1 mnA away— My 

Canft thou forgi^-e rac — No— Orifa— No— . 
Ijet not ihy tendernvA of ftnil extend 
7 o fuch a wretch as Timur. — Vet his fate 
Is moft CO blame. 

Then htarine fon oi 7ini:i« ! 
As love caimot detain ■.hcc— On my knexs, 
^ince more, I bef an ai;ed parent's iifc. 
O jpaie him, Timur ; toudi iWii hi^ grey 

l^-Jflw cf*fpe ;—for Zin^ii will net joag 

Ib Anmc hftve a rifal0 hia power. 
The ki«6, ny fttber, won wtdi gri 

Already haiteas to the filent tomb. 

By him that rcigia above, he fliail m 

He's gonei and left me kmely id my ^ 
Haften thy journey, (iin— and gracious 
ReoUTe me (p the boiom of thy glooo 
The ruflling wiotd, that whiftles tbi 

The (blemn, iin-ious, melanchoUy note 
Of thy own bird, are mufic to mine cai 
And iboche the dreary horrors of my i 

Enter MILA. 
Mila^ thy fe%rs wi|l flow in vain.— M 
Adnuts fux of thy comfort. 

Did my paw 
Equal my wifhes, foon the light of }o3 
Woukl brighten on thy foichcad* I 

Mufk now be like tbp raven's to thine 
The van of OAar's army^ from the hil 
'1% feeo to potr along in clouds of dtifl 
Eflg'd round vwith gleaming acma, a 

On lightning boo£i come flying to the 
It mult be he.— 

Where fhall I hide my 
Timur, where art thou ? Call hii^ (o j 
The k>ii Ovifn— Tiinur— He ia gone 
But why ihould I compUb ? High 

At once the fall of our devoted houfe j 
Ovifa will not Aay— a feeble light. 
Behind the fitting gloriesof her line. [J 
Timur has executed his commiflSc 
brings ihc old kiixg Aunac a prifune: 
many others. Zingis orders their thr 
be cut in cold blood ; this Timur op 
Zingis in a rage diiarms him, and ag 
velts him of command ; yet, for the p 
fparcs the prifoners ; Timur again fe 
nac at libeny ; Zingis orders him to I; 
fued, and put to death. Timur bei 
niflieU by Zingis, determines to efcap 
the dcfart with Ovifa, to the fboifu 

News is brought that Aunac it 11 
thofe whom Zingis had^ f.jnt after hi 
that purpofe. A plot is laid betwec 
nlouca axid Zena,ftill to engage Timur , 
his fcther^ his troops being afremblcc) 
tcpt of Oviia,and when Timur hax flai 
gis, to flay llmur, that Ovtia and dje 
may be Zemouca's. Orifa, during t 
accounuble abfcncc of Timur^ is JKsi 
Zemouca, who decUies he w 1 1, if n 
iingly, by fb<ce carry her off ^ I bar 
he, a faithful tribe leady to convey 
way, and I will join a pow'erful oqpA 
it pow preparing for wiragaiail Zing 

f/Bfio/u-f-mth Remsrksi 


Ttmur dcliTeri her, yet fiiftn Zemouoa 
to eicape : he b himltif Ibon after 
ihe cgnunand of Zkigis $ ycr chafe who.ic3||i| 

kiniy after hiving uken his fwoid, leare him 
at libertjr. Bebg gnoe more vrgcxi to job in 
tiie confederacy agafnft hit Cither by Cubla, 
and hii own diftrefles doubling spoa him, bo 


Timur BMeci the coofpiracort^ and ap« 
foinu the eomauDden to their pofts ; the 
fi^nal for dieir onfet b the third iuuDdof cha 
watch from the camp of Zingis, 

In this inceital, Orifa, who had been 
forced fruin TImtii by iht older of Zingli, 
'» order to be conveyed to the camp of Oc- 
tar, but liad been refcued by Cubla^ has ano- 
ther infer view wi:h the prince ; (he ftill ex- 
pieflcs a tender regret at having engugedhim 
ai^inft his fitber^ he fooths her. and con- 
jures her to ^ait the event ; cfuring this 
fcene the iirft l^nal founds, then thi; fdcond^ 
then (he lift, which abruptly puts an end to 
ir^ and Timor leaves her to join bis aflbciaces 
in the attack. 

Ovifa is joined Vy Mila, and feeing the 
daggef in her ^iom which had been given 
her by her brother ^mouca, iie fnacches it, 
deciariag that ^* her fuperior wnes, her rank 
commands priority In death." 

They are alarmed by the noife of the 
aAion ; Ovifa is thrown into an agony of 
diftrcCi by the danger of Timur^anddecUres 
the will xuit long furvivehim. 

The forces of 2in^is are thrown into con« 
fufion by the confpirators ; and while they 
arc exulting in (he confidence of vidory , they 
declare Timur king ; Zemouca comes in and 
oppofes it, d-jclartng, ihat the ,cmwn (hall be 
placed upon <^vifa : Timur and Zemouca 
£ght, both are monalty wounded^ The con- 
federates are immediately afterwards re- 
prefled, and the event of the afkion totally 
changed by the prefcncc of Zingii. Ovifa 
enters as Timur is dylnj;^ and Itabs herfelf 
upon his body. 

Thus is Ztngts, a capricious 'and bloody 
tyrant, withinit vinne, or the fhadowof vir- 
tue, who while he talks of eftablifhing laws 
for otherv, tramples ever}' ohlit^atton under 
foot, fucctfsful and triumphnut ; and thus in 
Timur and 0\'ifa virtue fuffers almoft with- 
out indifcretlon. Such events n^iturally leave 
the mind difpleafcd and diflarisficd j pity can 
wait, but indignation is impatient to t>e fa- 
tiified, and inexorable in difappoinimenr. 
Probably nothing more would have beenn:* 
ceiiary to have procured this piece a favour- 
nble reception upon the ftage, than an alte- 
ration of the cataftrophy. With fuch a ca- 
uftrophe it has been found impoflible to fup- 
nort even the fcenes of bhake fpeare, and it 
became neceflary either to alter Lear, or to 
baniih it from the ftage. 

Some objections might perhapa be juftly 
made to the cnndu£t o' thii piece. The par- 
ties come together whenever they are want- 
0d| without probable occifioji^ or mcMBs of 

•zctik', Oviia, who is prifoner eo Zingis, 
Mila^ who is in the ctmpof the Eluths with 
Cubia, Zemouca y who is the generii of An* 
luic, and wbof*: troops are polled on- the op« 
pofite fide of a river, all get toj^her with 
the^eateft facility ; Timur is at large after 
havukg beeh fcized by ihe order of Zingis, 
and CKtfa is rcfcuud from his officen, who 
were carrying her to 0"^ a r, without hii know- 
ing any thing of the matter. Thefc how* 
ever, fuppofing them admitted, and a hun- 
dred other defefts of the fame kind, from 
which perhaps no dramatic peiformance ia 
whpliy free, would have iignified nothing 
wkh fefpeft to the fuccefs of the piece in 
reprefenration, if its general tfkCt epon thft 
pafBoni had been forcible and pleating. 

It ia full of fentimcntj and full of i>o«try^ 
fpcciiniens of which might be given fromeve'* 
ry page } the metaphor is equally bold i^nd 
juft in the following p&flage. 

Narrow it the camp 
Of him who covcrrd Afia with his hnfts f 
But fliil tkii 8tn which mvei behind Afiorm 
May illiM|b(th,and fliew hit ev'ning beams. 
The IblVHiing extraft from a fpeech uf 
Zemoiiceii v«iy animated. 

Hence— away— 
All further ftar of death I already he 
Has llalk'd anMDdme incach hideous fovm<-« 

On this plot 
I reft my lateA hope, and fliould I fail, 
I'll WTtp me imw^ courage an J retire 
From this baft wnid amdfl thtHw m \ raffe. 

Perhips the following foliloquy of Ovifa, 
as (he is contemplating the death uf her bro- 
ther, is icarcely to be parallelled bu: ia 

" If c*er the fpirit or a warriour fliin, 
Joumey'd in ftormsacrofs the troublt:vi Iky. 
Lafl night my brother Zangon paflcd :l>is 

And cali'd Ovifa home. 7%r vo'ce was di:p 
As VfhcM bi^hArot, fiahini afi A's ivs^Js, 
fl>eaAt n the pafiag lAiiaJ^r— Thiough my 

A pleaiingjiorror runs \ perhaps not bn^ 
OviCs tarries hc:re. ThtJiUnt tomb 
h not the houfe offorrovf-^Axty fci ni 
Of him who is no more ! where dofl thou 

dwell ? 
Kejoiceftthou on golUnJkiucdchu.U f 
Or it thi murmur in iht htlow wind 7 
Where'er thou art mine car, with aweful joy, 
Shall iiflcn to thy voice :^dcfcend with mghc 
If thou mufl fliun the day. Oflray not f^r 
From the rem.'! ins of Aunac's failL;;; line/* 

The following exclamation of Ovif:i, nn 
hearing th4t her lather had been overtaken w. 
his flight and put to death, is very pncu-.-^l 
and teuiier. 

*' AUs my father '--cold and pile Ik* li«.s^ 
On the bare ground, licneath the cl.illy h\x'\ 
That howli acTofs thedefirt ! will no frioj 
Direct me- liiad me — bear me to the pl:<; .' 
Where murdered Aunac bleeds in all ht» 

wounds ! 
Some faint cenH'ms oC \\(t rcA*,- Mi^xvltt ^^ 



Along hit cheek— may falter oa bis ttHpit, 
0\ lee me prefi him m my warm embrace ; 
Let poor Oifa clofchii dying eyev . 

Many more p^lTiges might eafily be cited 
to prove, ihac if this author has failed in hb 
iirft attempt, ii is noi for wane of powers, 
but uf tbtir being oiherwife dhrcAed. In 
the clofet ibis piece cannot (ail fo give plea-' 
-fure ; it it fa id to have been but ili lUpport- 
ed ui che reprefcnutioH. X. 

3. Att Efay on the Mcdieai Firtkej qf 
dcidj t hy Samuel Fmrr^ Af. !>• 

Acids* though not a fpeciSc, are very ac- 
tive, and vt'y powerful! ) they are of. three 
kinds, the foilil, the \-egeiahle, and the ani- 
Inal ; of (hi. folfil acids that of vitriol is the 
chiefL ihc others are acids of nitre, and of 
fea (lit. The author f9ys, that acid of ji- 
triol is cxtraacd not onlr froth ch6 faline 
fubftance, coiififting of thit acid and a me- 
tal, called vitrhty but from ihlphur, and 
fmm caith a Ad water | and that it refidesio 
air. in the ele<ilrical ftuid, in the fahs pro- 
duced by Vigetabls^ add in the phofphoroi 
char Is made from anhmtl juices. The acid 
of nitre la left powerfiil than that of vitriol, 
3;ec has fome qualhies wMch Out acid of ri- 
tiiol hu not, p^rticularty it will exeke in* 
flamniati n in bodies prcdifpofed to be in- 
flamed ; yet the author thi(du» that if the 
a^-id of vitriol, could be is tenalniy made 
votatilc as the acid of nitie, it wtMild pro- 
duce e\*en this eflied in ah ecpial, tf not 
greater degree. The Icid of lea iiUc is 
iS>me(imes produced from febilancea purely 
fn(R\c, and fometimes fiom the relicks of 
iregetahles and aniauls i this acidincorpo- 
Taces Willi liewer fdbAanccs thili the acid of 

The vegetable acids are fuch is are ob- 
tained frrm vegetab!e fnbllances in a recent 
ikate, either merely by expreffiaf^the juke, 
or 1.7 fc^menution ; '^as lemon juice, and 

The animal acids trt little known and 
little needed. 

Acids att upon the hiiman body by con- 
tratting the fibres, and coagulating the fluids ) 
Ihcy atfo pcnverfiiily couiiteraft the eifeA of 
ttll principles that produce pntriMioo. 
Acids arc very good to itimulite the or|»ana 
of tliR mou:h aod throat that iiacrete the fk- 
liva, but are hnrtful to the teeth : received 
into tho ftomarh they produce perfpinriotii 
knd iiiiii dipcikion ; rhi* &urhor thinks they 
mi^! fuccefsfully adminiftered in the 
form uf a glyHer fi>r pamlytlc aflediohs 
of the bowels ; a cafe very eommon> and 
very diilicul: (o cure. Acids tend power* 
fully ro afr.vj,''.e heat, and diminifli the mo* 
iion of tbc fluids in inflamnlaiory fiovers S 
tlicy jtro ai lea ft equally uteliil in putrid fe- 
^'erf,and fhould be given in quantities as large 
as ihj Aomach will bear $ they fliouid alfo 
bt' sjiplied extern <lly, in cataplafms and fo* 
pu:tji£ i.n*, and may even be iri«t in glyf 

iJ^ rf Books-'-^tb nautfhi. 

IMS. Acidt are «ff gytnt vtt in the finali 
pMiy piiticttiarlLy to reduce the irftytw erup- 
tive level. Acida me alio weH^ otlcalated 
Co TCBiove oQlliqtnitive fwcats^ and diarrheas, 
periodieai heata and fluftings of -the fcce hf 
hedic fevers ; the author recommends ra- 
diei the Ibffil than vegeuble acids to the 
fliops in tKe preparation of pxymelt. Even 
.in diarriiea* , acids may be advaotageoufly 
admiojfteied, as ckey frequently are cauiied 
by putrifaAion, by a colledlDn of fordid 
matter, generated in the ftomacb from un- 
whoUbme food« too greit miantiiT of it, or 
hurtful particks4 calle<l mufinata, in the 
air. Care muft he uken not cd adminiftef 
fhcm in difeafos of the bowels, which have 
an acid caiife. 

With rcfpeAto ehronical diieifes, acidt 
are good when the difoafo aiifea from an oly- 
ftril':iiod that has' a ftnggilh and inaAive 
caufe. They fhonld be avoided in the rhen • 
matidn and giNit ; bat are qf great efficacy 
ill Aopping blectfingi from whatever cauie. 

Such is the fuhlNnce of this work, which 
is inaccurate, obfoure, and diilufe in tlie 
higheft degree. The author has buried his 
Aicanine onder words, or hretrievabiy loft 
it in curumlocutlon ) hiitead of explain* 
ing what was obfcure, be lus obfeuree what 
was plain 1 and his manner of treatmg hit 
fubjeftf may well pot the reader in mind of 
the complicated machbe ob dnw a cork out 
of a battle, which our iiuomable Hogarth 
has exhibhni in one of his prints. 

That the iHic of thb author is obfcore and 
iterbofoy will appear hfWA xbt following ex- 

'* Acids are ifliveaadpowerfol, and the 
melBnt |iriAife feems incliiied to advance 
chetr merits and bring them more generally 
Into ufe. 1 am afraid, however, their nature 
Is not cotepleatly underflood ; and if tint ia 
tiie cafo, tbnr ufe may as eafily be deftroycd 
as promoted : and the blind fafliton of ano- 
ther age, when wananted by a faifure, that 
may proceed from an unjuft application ^may 
eaft a cenfure, which in advocates will not 
be able to controvert, ftiay condemn to ol>li- 
Vion tfkjfe eflfeds which are not fupportrd hf 
a rational praflice, and dlrr'tw the hi};heft 
ignon.iny a^a the autlwrs and proipoters of 
it } which the fafhion of this age has breu^ 
into the higheft repute i I have long tliought 
therefiMe, an effiy whh this incemion, would 
tend to confirm the pia6^ife which appeart 
fo fuccefsfulji and would moft jirobably per- 
petuate it." 

WouM he not have laved his time and la- 
bour, and heed mtich better underftood, if 
he had ftid, " Acids are more ofed in the 
prafilfe of medicine now than formerly, but 
their nature not bein^ compleatly underftood, 
an injudicbus application may Ining them 
tinjuftly int") difrepute. I have tlterefnre 
endeavoured, in order 10 perpetuate tiie ad- 
vantage of an nfefoi remetly, to prevent ita 
being mifapp'ied, by exhibitrag a more par- 
ticular accounc ef its quaUtiesi a^d the msTr^' 


TU^ bMTM, >B bu aoidMe, fiif ihei* 
U fcaca ft piiaciph or Itmimm la ibe 
book, ihK «TCIT ^odcaqr k ikc klagrim 
ilid i M l — II *t Hfi r MifM if Wi iin 

Mri Ebb akrallvM <M >r4«' ABJtm'M." 

Qw. WhMtoThsfondKCiBofinnhr 

''uKtfTC, toigtt, Md Men niiwr, 

CM M<m bacoiM llw pmpn tl^ f^ mt 

/Mrf, brcMifb k doe* bm linnlMe CidUinii- 

' ItiUpovnofdieeftion." 

<i-jriat h the objca of on food r 
'•T^e Aswich M capable of icfirfine 
en(7 ildng (hit h titatu lo ii. 

Cm It be fkid wlih praprictr, thK my 
ihiDK n Sti/i M the Ksoiach ; JioWr n ind 

^ TA/ ^rt ^ AoMif w Lndtn, « 
Pmm, m m'» CtKltt. Gri0m. ts. 

'The auibnri lo ■ Iban paflcc id cluiper- 
{■nmiaet, CipteBei himfelf ihui, " ^^n 
'.' wr lie CT«iT dij iSuniiie new mnlH df 
•• rofinrmeni, m intlwr run> no fm.ll litjim 
" or cenrure who SfiT> frum "li»< ii cilied 
" thcciieleaf rjfto. i'lu/c rrfirm in tteli- 
'* cacf woulddo well, hawcvrriloconf^CT, 
" ihi:hainii<it«iidinftnic)ionl)KmUtcuni' 
" -wifal, ind thai u the Irambter wt/jti of 
*' life require much CKftvr, Ibthc/ Ijkcnife 
" ixjifji much ckiraatr, and (heieluic 
" Ihoyld mi be precluded (he nilirc nt 
" thofc wiUoi wM would wilb to iuiiuie 

pBihipt At reider ha) not conceiTed ■ 
TC17 f^rounble opiniun oC an aiuWi ibili- 
[leiwbo refeiithe viofdt i<i^ rf>fa<'i lolhe 
p iiT»uDiBftwho(ilkiaf iiii'jttiSiai rri^iiiici 
.'Uiian, led in ilie fam; funieoce I'^ji afthe 
ftmc (hioj;, chat u_ /i;<f,>f clar-rln. The 
i|u:hni, boweTtr, inrenU::! to aprlu/izi: Eir 
■lit hiTinf; cduiiiieJ hit inflniAiont. viik ic- 
f^Q 10 IniBf; in 1'nctMi, to jicilunt who 
lln: in a girrci, ii'xl fpend itieii evening t in 
■n ak-bouie. It inppeu unfuilun.iict]', 
thai the an which h« iccommcDdi, evun tn 
thefe II, except in > fn* iniigncci, ih« ati of 
tivinj; anr where. He attvifei hii pupil :o 
rife early, to wiftc no lime aytj tea, tu dif- 
palnh hii bufirtcfi, to read wlien he ik at Ici- 
fute, ii> twftuw n') fupeilliiiiui urc upon 
rireft, and to Ejc temperate in eniiii^ >iul 
diinkuif;. He hit, hnqevcr, employed 
' hujut.aiiil pnti't-hDufcv in lepeitiii^ the 
camion, which Gij \ai given in hit Ait r.f 
walking the Stttieii, njl to pick up a Aiul- 
li^ig whoie, ml in ti^llin); a fiory of a vltj 
wMihy genllcDaa, imw ViUiaoB, vhD ki*- 
inj; Ktx dniok at a '^luti, went to bed lu 1 
piofliluie, go: the foul difeale, and ^\vi \i 

Hiidereilptionorihiieoupte ii remaiki- 
blf (md*T aad eleRint. 
TbuT.lOTCt, (tteiiceret for erer did (heT 

Sich WW ihs Mui,mi each w>i the fiiemi, 

I( ii bKl that gnat witi hiTU fhon aento- 
riea, thii naaik trfpaaiVitccnaiiUy ditin- 
Riidwt ib« author at the Art of liciag m 

He fayi, u one place, chat tu-riJgt a the 
cnly k*»iB«la that beaveii beaowed upon 
mukuid wiihti all^ 1 and within ibiee 
^agei nprctEaCia maiii«d ciiixep at going 
to the play, that he maj for a moment for- 
pi iht mjrrlrt iftiBnigff. 
" Sare, favc, Erilannia't youth frotn liieh a 

life, ■ ■ 

And chinpe (hcepiihel of whore, for ; 
let that dear name, Ijneminumt uirJtjtf, 

Nb more be mirie of lidiculG the ftroke, 
Ur rood for fdire. 01 a blockheid'i joke. 

Lot ui now lee how he bu himblf made 
it the Aroke of ridicule, the food. of fdtirc, 
hanny If not the joke of the^liKkhejd. 
" Heieloo{thc p!iy-houIe} tlic cit,iiu.jit 

Smiiki in the cba.ioc'by )>v h*f pli.i^.i v.if , 
That u-ifc, wfat fc/o-Vi ttfill,- p *■«, Utu, 
Tint ck wh d..n.on iKuiU,tir .drf. ■ .'<«. 

A riiihcr pvrhi|St is ncuillefi, 
but the author''. (leluii.ition of Kliikefp>:a..: 

N'(iiire,>iKliVli;chg<;Ui aito Oii 


See heiv'n lauKl.i Shskefpcirr. 

Led Ii I.ctik< 


At!dyt.-tt. i.r 

' wdlKi ih 


u^b all h« 

Fartiit Ol'To-^.'albat en ihc F.(UuJiff 

e/ tijb. 'By -Tto. Hnrmir 1 PnhJ'JtiA 

in tht PbiuififbUal TravfaJInii-. 

Mr, Haimar haiiuj; (>'j(erred a ix-ry !;reit 

diffcrcrce in the l;counti thai diA'ct^ni pCT- 

funt havL' f,Kai of the forundiir of Alh, fet 

himfelf vu-y L-«iftly unft^riain the raiiubir 

of cj;i;i ioa binc taciety. 

He ubbrrcd the i.ze of ilic c.£,:t t.i W. 
nriily 'he fim'^,. biHi-' in pKM akA fmill 
filhci of tbe fimi: fp.cies bu: thi: 


rbe Gentlxmak's MAGAZINE, Vol. XXXIX. 

5»r TRIUMPH rf tk$ ARTS, 
ifn'itn h ^ Ftank'in'f Jsmafj I, omiie infti- 

Vs Mfijtftj, 

WHEN difeord lace her baleful infliieDce 

Q^er thift fliirTeafiiiiof fcience and of art, 
K^efted getdiit bent hit droopittg head. 

And pierc'd with anguifli er'ry tuneful heart ; 
Apollo wejrt hit broken lyre. 
Wept to behold the moonifiii choir 

Of his lov'd muiet, now an exird train, 

Aad in their ftau to lee Aledo reign. 

When lo ! iBritanniay to the throne 
Of goodneft make* her forrow t known^ 

For never there did grief compUin, 

Or injur'd merit plead in vain. 
The monarch h^ard her juft requeft. 
He lav, he felt, and he rcdreii'd ; 
t^ick with a mafter-hand he tunes the ftringi, 

jlixiA harmony from dlicord fpringp. 

Thus good, by heav'n't cem:nand, fhunevil 

flows ) 
Itrom chaos thtit, of old, creerkm rofe ; 

When order withconfUfion join'd. 

And jairiog elements combtn^d. 
To grace with mutual iirength the great defign» 

And ipeak the arcfaiteft divine. 

Whilft eaflern tyrants in the trophy *d car. 
Wave the fed banner of deftni6ive war. 

In George's breaft, a nobler ilame 

Is kindlH, and a fairer fame 

Excites to cherilh native worth. 
To cill the latent feeds of genius forth. 

To bid difcordant fsAions ccafe, . 
And cultivate the gentle arts of peace* 

And lo ! from this aufpicious day. 
The fun of faience beams a purer riy % 

Behold ! a brighter train of years, 

A new Auguftan age appears \ 
The time nor diHam far, fkallcome, 

When England's tafteful youth no more 
Shall wander to Itilia's cKitTx (hore i 

No more to foreign climes fliall roam, 
Inicarchof models better found at home. 

With rapture the prophetic mufe 
tier country's opening glory view*. 
Already fees, wiih wt>nd'ring eyes. 
Our Titiam aiKl ourGuidos rife, 
Seei new Palladios grace th* hiftoric page. 
And Britifli Raphaels clurm a future age. 

^7e^ntifre,ye foos of art, your ofjerings bring, 
''o ^race your pat ion and your king, 
i^.d icu*pture grave his hoi^eur'd name 
In marble, lalling as his fame : 
Bid painting's magic pencil trace 
7*he features of his charting race. 
And as it flows thro' all the royal line 

Glow with fuperior warmth and energy divinCt 
If tow'rinp architecture ftill 
Can boa ft htr old creative ikiU, 
Bid fomemajeftic ftruAure rifetoviewy 
Worthy hioly and worhy you \ 

Where tn may join w&b nature and with ^ettfe# 
Splendor wkh gnca, with ufle diagiiificMce, 
Wfaeie llreogth may be with elegatice combin'd, 
Tlie perfiBft inuge of tea mtiker's mind. 

And,0! if with the tonefbt thioQg 
The mufe may dare to mix her humble fimg^ 
In your glad tram pemic her to appttr» 
Tho' poor, yetwtllfai^, and tho'nideyvfifleere. 
To pnife the fovereiga whom har heart ap- 
pro vei^ 
And pay thu tribote to the ani Ae lotet. 

SONG. Chtpofiih ^ HvLL, «eJjSnig 

^iy Mr Vehicon ai thefesfl tftkt ROYAL 

ACADEMICIANS, ^^^iiurry a, 1^69, 

LET fi:ience hail this happy year* 
Let fam« lu lifiqg gkiries fiog. 
When arts unwonted luftre wear, 

Andboafta patron in their kipg 1 
And here unriviUM (hall ihey reign. 
For George prote6s the pelifli'd train* 

To you, juft ripen'd into hirth. 

He gives the fair, the great defign ; 

•Tis yptirs, ye Sices, of genuine worth. 
To bid the fttcure aitifts /^ine | 

That aits tmrivall'd long may reign, 

Where George protects the polijh'd tratiU 

"Tis your's, O well fcleaed band. 
To watch where inftnt genius blows. 

To rear the flow'r with lbft''rtng hand. 
And ev'ry latent fweet diick^ ; 

That arts unrivall'd long may rcign, 

Where George proteds the polifii'd tmin^ 

No more to diflant realms repair 
For foreign aid, or borrow'tt rule. 

Beneath her monaich's gen'hras cife, 
Britannia Ibunds a nobler ichool. 

Where arts dnrlVall'd $ia:i remain. 

For George proteAs the poUih'd train* 

So (hall her fons ity fcience bred, 

Diffufe her arts from (hore to (hcnrc. 

And wide her growing genius fpread, 
As round the world her thunders roar ) 

For He, who rules the fdbjcd main, 

Great George proceAs the polilh'd train. 

A fine Pmrtrait ff the king ofDEHMAKit 
is noivfriling at Paris, at the bottom of 
nubicb, are tbe foQowng Likes fy tbt 
Abbot CnoiKt. 

LES rofes de I'hymen, k. le trune dcs rois, 
Ne I 'out point tetemi dans leur chalpe 
II voyage, il inftniit fa raifdn iomtneufe. 
Par Ics uUeaux divers , & de mrcurs , flc des loix. 
S'il s 'arr€te en ces lieux, f^duit par none hom<« 

Heuremc peuple Danois,n'enloyea poimialoux. 
Le detain Pa forme pour regrter parmi vous, 
Notre ait ne peut ici flieer que foo image* 

J. F. 
d Tra^im is rtqt^U^ 

, JANUAKX, 1759. 


. Hf Dr Ct AircT'y rf Dmmw im irtUiO: ' 
Cui JltnoKt rtHifit comam. . HoftHT*' 

WHEK Che woik: brtia imagin'd beaocy 

The meaneft Mvpfey hat ten choofiuKl chtrmi • 
Qm her black hetd if latle horron ftare ^ 
Or deadfy pakAeft dampt her languid hair ; 
Shrewd fimilaa from jec and pearl are foi^r. 
Id all the wild extraragance of thought. 

Noc io when /air Ruhr ilia's radiance bright 
Shines to the eje, and cheen the ravifli'd fight. 
If er loTclj hue a genial heat infpires. 
And kiadlAs Jove by ftrong refulgent fires. 
Ting'd with xtherial light her treflba flow ; 
With lively bloom, and fprtghtly vigour gbw* 
High on her lofty front has nature fpread 
A pleafing garland of delightful red : 
lUuilrious red I oiignUicently bright. 
By Newton ftxind the ftrongefr beam of light $ /^HARM 'D with the fcefic m laidiful verf* 
Prime of all colours !— on the monarch's tiurone \^ I'd tell. 


May janing chiefs^ with envy fiird» 
In nai^ht but dire diflentlon ildllSd, 

Who from their facied ears 
Hide thofe great trmhs, v^ich clearly kAOVB| 
In every heart, wou*d fix their throne. 
Be banilh*d with our fisart. 

Oh Lord of HofU, in whom we truft^ 
Thou great fupporter of ihe joft. 

Hear ui whlls *^'e implore. 
That on our matchlcfs Icing and oieen^ 
And lovely offspring, blifs may beam. 

Till time ihall be no more. 

Upon feeing a Grotto and Ftenvs ofltely^ 
&ۥ in a Cottage at Spalding. 

Fron'e fub adverfl fcupulis pendentibosamtum, 
Intui aquse dulces, vivoque fedilia laxo, 
Nympharum domus. Viaci. 

In robes majeftic is it's luftre ihown 

Red are iboit blulhea which ferenely grace 
The modeft beauties ef the virgin's £ice ; 
Intrinfic particles of red compofb 
The fanguioe clove, and aromatic roie : 
The ruby Hp invites to balmy lore. 
And fpoaive Nereids haunt the coral grove. 
Couch'din red locks delighted Cupids lie ; 

The pleafing beauties of the homeljceU. 
Here view the poliih'd ibell and glitf ring fptr, 
D'fpos'd fo well, they fpeak the ardA's cave 1 
Like fojie rutje rock mti^ yarious gems inlaid. 
That fparkling glitter through the leafy ihade 1 
While daz sling rays from eyry. point aie fltot. 
And one brt^t fplendor fills Uie lovely gioc. 
Here too Hefperia's lofty tow'rs arife | 

Thence their keen daru and pointed arrows fly. With Rome's proud grandeur reaching to tht 

Such .was the golden fleece which Jalbn bore 
In joyful triumph from the Colchian Aore. 
Britain's red fla§command> the fubjeft nuln ; 
|n ev'ry heart Kir^rV/o's.ftreamers reign. 
Through iisas of blood undaunted heroes fly. 
And fteep th^tr laurels In that glbrious die. 
Young Ammon reddea'd at the Granic flood. 
And Uach'd in red viflorious Granby flood. 
A fiery beard foreboding comets trail. 
And fine court ladies drag a fiery tail : 
'IVanfiated to the ftairy realms on hifdi, 
Kubriila'% hair fliall future Flamftead* fpy : 
There (hall the ram, and flaring bull, admire 
To fee that blase which fet the world on fire. 


For her Majefifs Birtb.Daj, Written 
by a Tradejhan. 

OAIN the glorious morn returns. 


See at one view the pomp of earthly things. 
The worM's ambition, and the pride of kings. 

jf« O D £. 

A S Jiercules fat by a brook. 


A«in each loyal boibm bums, 
at Bri 

Great Britain's qiueeh to' fing ; 
This hippy mom that gave her birth. 
This mom, that caus'd fuch blifs 00 earth. 

To Britain, and her king. 

Sprung from an antient gbrious race, 
^hofe afts Germania's amuU grsce. 

For valour^ truth, and loie. 
United to great Branfwick's line, 
la whcm the virtues alt combine. 

What muft her offspring prove? 

Britons, this truth I boldly flog. 
So good a queen,fo jofta king, 

join'd, never fltl'd yovr thme. 
No confcious guilt, to give them pain, 
ISochclid (at in heaveii) they rdgn, 

yyichcberubi all their own, 

_ Two women came over the green } 
The one was difcreet In her look. 
The other was bold in her mien. 
Virtue and Btfjitrt were die names of each. 
And thus in turn they made their fiep'iate fpetck* 


Enter, my friend, this fhady bowV, 
Here gire a loofe to ev'ry fisnfe. 
Freely enjoy the prefent hour, 
Eachfober thought he; banifli'd hence ; 
On beds of roTes hear foft mufick's ftrain. 
And bid fiirewell to bufineis, care, and pain,. 

ViaTUf . 

Why try'A thou, €ilfe firieod, to beguile > 
Attend to this excellent troth { 

That man muft have labour and toil. 
Who feeks to be v^lu'd in youth ; 
In Virtue's path true happinefs he'll gain : 
•While you for age hoard up remorfe and pain. 

J. M. 

Epigram^ bj John Kobertjm^ a Journeyman 
Barber f of Derty» 

PAINTERS at a certain ful^ea flick. 
They kitow not how to form old nickj 
With cloven fbet they often draw him. 
And ibmedmes hom him, uU him, claw him p 
Pflkaw, nonfenfe all I if 'tma^ naclvil. 
Dun P^)^ tiqiwiM^V'^^\^i»'^'<^* 


SN The Gektiemak'^ MAGAZINE^ 7oi.. XXXIX* 

MrUEikw, A N » W I ^ 

THEannexedrerieshaveUiDftloiiKttaiebr T^AMirDpriBeipk,aiidlilBta Preaddmn 

me. I think they vfonld do for your colkaioo. jgj^ ' fppke, ■ 

tlie French aailhor wrote the four linet at a WhoT^fmlelf fobKlittocViy fokc! 

fpccimen of the fluency- and oofMoufoeff of 6'atasfor me^wliomptiefts |UU-BftTerbiwl» 

expreflion in hi% hngu^j^e , which bem^ produced Npr wttk tUc ans rnfltfii m^ ftteboni miiMl, 

as fuch to ao Englifli gcntleaaa, (one who l|tt Who, where my naibngiiaidet me» dare to crtad« 

wrote , ttut I forget his name) he cranflated them And .follow wheiefiMvcr tmih tfwU lead ; 

into £n{;)i<b , and forther added eight more lines Not like chcbeiieA fpaniel Ciwii and creep, 

on the Uinc fubjed, f hewing thereby chat the Or comely foffer aa the hatmlda (beep ; 

Englifh was nothing inferior to the French Ian- But -like a miD, whob and will be free, 

guage, but rarher afforded greater rariety of I'lt^dearas tie, pveforre my liberty. 

exprcfBon. Yet, when by reafot foc*d, I ne'er wiU change^ 

I have alfo added fi>me vcrfcs of Balzac ^ No more thMifirooiinjloi^y Delia range* 

with an Fnglifliman's anfwer to them. I made 

the tranflaiion as well as I could for the fake ^ EPITAPH. 

of Totir readers who do hot underftand the ori- -^ -,•,•»«,,. . 

ginil, Iam,y»iTi,^c. M. H. Lj ERE lies bcneaA this verdant KiU, 

^ *" * I 1 P or Tom, a favourite cat : 

QUAND un cordur, cordant. veut corder Who, when alive, did never fpill 

unccorde ; ^ The blood of moufe or rat. 

I'our (a corrie coicicr, trois cordons il accordct yet many a biid and mtnv a neft 

Mais, fi un des cordons dc la cordedccordc, jlj, ^^^| ^j,., m^ 
Le cordons d6cordant]fait dccorder la cocde. 


WHEN a twifter, a twMing wiU twIA 
him a twift, 
Tpr the twifting his twift, he thyee timet doth 

Intwifl; • ■ 

But if one of the twines of the twiddoth ontwift. 
The twine that untwifteth, untwKleih the twift. 


His cniel claws befet i 
The paitiidt^ too cou'd find no reft. 
Nor 'icap'd the leveret. 

For callow young he fought the frld. 

And often made a feail | 
WKQe fiKi«fa^ Mad, cbe dam beheld. 

And moern'd the ftd itpat. 

'Twit wheiLthe ow l ^ro ob hd'd the eighty 

From kMBekebem hit way, 
Tilllbl, villi Mt feMfrfi« liglK, 

flxw'd ulttr in the dtf^ 

UNrwiftingthe twinethat untwiflethbetwaen, Tfaui'y t jftnt ttte, he fpeat Uit2aim« 
He twirll, with his twifter, the two in a .To I m mceece • foe i 
twine; Ttlideatk, injeftioeobisciteiey 

Thcn,twicehftvingtwiftedthetwiiiesofthrtwine, Difpat^d him «ft blow. 
He t^^iicheth the twine he hid twined, b twain. Yc pretty fot^ften^cUp the wing, 

lit eT>y partner kaow ;^ 
Lac ev'ry wood and valley ring 
The death of Tom your fioie. 

The twain that in twining before h the twine, 
A^r^ins ¥rereintwiAed,hefiowdochaacwine; 
' Twixt the twain intci twifting a twine more be* 

i-Je. twilling his twifter, makes a twift €ff the 


LE meillear k. le plus affurt, 
Eft fuivre le prdre dc ntat Cur€m 

TourcscesdoArines nouvelles 
Nc plaifent qu'auxfolles cervelles; 
Pour moi, comme une humble brebis, 
Jc v^is ou mon Pafteurme range, 
11 n'eft permit d'aimer le change. 
Que dcs fci^mes & des habits. 


TO hear my parifti prieft and him obey, 
1 always think the beft afid fiifoft w^y. 
Your upftart fefis of every degree. 
Arc only fit for madmen, not for me. . 
I, like a (heep that never quits the fold. 
Tamely fubmic ; for I this dodrlne hold. 
That in opinions man fhould never rai^« 
Onl} hisd;cfk and wompa he may chaogc 

NoTMr baUd vour aeftt, now batch yom ymiag , 

And wkftle toaad ho^ 
I^et er'nr hill and dale return 

The iltatliQf Tom jour foe» 

Bot moam hii daa^ ya vermin kW^ 

Aad ftriek, ye mice md mta. 
For fueh ft friend ya^ae%r ftaU ftad 

InaM cha laceof Call. 

On feeing C^. A—— at Mrs Cocnely'j 
^e/l fenuyhcalljf, 

TIS fiid that oar fokliers fo lasy are grown, 
With luxuiy^pleaty, and eafe. 
That they more for mair ctarriage than coinage 
afe known* 
And fcaice know the ufo of n piece* 

Let them f«y what ihejr will, ftnce it nobndygills. 

And exclaim out ftill louder and louder ; 
But there ne'er was more money expended in 

Or a graater confamptioo of ftwdtTf 



^ Mftf-TVriy N99tm^ 14. 

* XX Anived At VirginU on the S5ih pai, 
dUTalTcd the mSmtAj on the Thurfdny fol- 
lowing. J- 

AhoBt ^ftoo tediasf| from the different 
trlbci, met -Sir William Johnfton at Foit- 
Staawix, and have mated a vaft extern of 
comitry to hia majeitf , and to the propri* 
etariea of Pflfmf/lraoijy and fettled an ad< 
vantageooi boundary line between their 
hunting-coantry and the colonies as far as . 
the Cherokee river ; for which they re- 
. ccived the mod valuable prefent in goods 
and dollars that was ever given at any con- 
ference, fiace the fectlement of America. 

ACnrroi/, Off, 19. M^jor Rogers's trial 
doled this day t It held ten days, and I 
dare fayj he will be very honoorably ac- 
quitted. In the coarfe of the trial, it ap- 
pcared» the profeoation was formed from 
the atffloft prc)udice and malice, and en- 
tirely ill grounded. See Vol. xxxviii. 
p. 348. 

B^oK, N»v, a. Mr. Arodi, marflial 

of the admiralty courty with a hanger by 

« bis fide , arreiled the peribn of John Hand - 

cock, Efq; for a debt to the revenue of 

9000I. Mr. Handoock ofiereilr bail , which 

was refuted. Previooa to this arrcft, the 

troops had orders to bold ihemfeives in 

readinefi. The foundatioo of this debt 

k was a non-entry of part of the cargo of 

the floop Liberty, of fome Madeira virlne, 

which before the new American adf , was 

duty free. The penalty is forfeiture of 

cargo, and treble damages. 

Bo/iM, lftv» ar. The effigies of Gen. 
Bernard and flieriffGreenleaf were burnt 
here, notwithftanding the vigilance of the 
vnilirary to prevent it. Though a vaft 
concourfe of people were aflembled, no 
perfon fufT^red the lead damage either in 
perfon or property. A reward of 50I. was 
ptfcrcdby governor Moore, of New- York, 
for the difcovery of any one of the perfons 
concerned in this affjir. 

Cbar/u'^swn, Soutb»Carolina, Nov, 21. 
The genera] aflcmbly of this province met 
at the State-boufe on Tuefday laft. On 

Wednefday they unsnimoufly chofe Pe^er 
Manigault, Eiq; (who wa^ f(>eaker to the 
laft AOembljr) to hi their Speaker. On 
Thurfday they preiented him to hi^ excel - 
leney the governor, who was pleafed to 
approve their choice, and then delivered 
a fpeecb to both Houies. On Fiid.ty his 
majeliy*s hon. councl prefented their ad- 
drefii, in anfwer to his excellency's fperch. 
On Saturday aficrnoon, the hsn. commons 
hoofeof aflTcmbly likewife pre 'ented their's^ 
and at nine o*clock, a proclamation was 
iffued, diflblving the genei al aflembly. In 
the governoi^s fpesch, he particularly re« 
commended it to the alTemblyi to difcoMM" 
ttnanet and treat with the eoatemft it deftruti^ 
any lettir or faper that may a^fear to taw tbo 
JmaUefi tmdtncy to jetiiticn, or ly promoiing am 
anwarrantaSie eomlntiaticn, to inflame the 
wUndi of the faple to o.'fcfe the authority oj 
PariiamoMt, or tin government of our graaout 
fovereign ; but the very next day, the af- 
fembly voted the papers alluded to, re^iett 
with duty and loyalty to bit Majefy, rejpefffor 
the Paruament of (Jreat- Britain^ flncere affec* 
tiomfor the mother country, tender care fir the 
preferwition of the rightt of all hit Majefy'i 
Jkhjeffs, and funded upon uadeniabk conftuutim 
onal friucipUt, 

The governot being informed of what 
was puffing m the houfe, immediately 
d.flfolved the aflembly. 

Neiv-Torkf Dec, i. Very fpirited in- 
AruAions finned by the principal inhabi- 
tants of this city, have been prefented to 
our reprerentatives, requiring them to a- 
void the mod tacir implication in their zeal 
for promoting hi* Majefty 's fervice, in pro- 
vidmg-quarters for the troops, of having 
recognized theAA of Parliament, requiring 
them to make fuch provificn, on penalty 
of bein< deprived of their legiHative capa- 
city, &c. and intreating them to move in 
^he houfe, and to ufe their utmofl endea- 
vours there, not only to bivc the Befia/i 
Letter read, but alfo to have it antwered in 
jk refpeAable manner, as it detires nothing 
of h(r Alter colonies but to unite in fecking 
legal redrefs from the grievances they la- 
bour under. 

Hiftorical Chronicle, j^a^, 1769. 

Deremher 16. 

IN the dead of the night, a perfon at- . 
tempted to rob the church of Sr. Mary 
Magdalen, in the little ftate of Parma, but 
being difcovered» ilabbcd Mlbfelf, and fell 
dead at the feet of the guard that was ju(l 
going to feixe him. He proved- to be \ 

Dee, zy. 

Two officers of the revemie, affifled by 

a party of foldiers, attempted to leize fome 

ft Us in the neighbourhood of Limerick, in 

Irelandi when a defperace engagement en- 

fued, in which many of the country peo- 
ple were killed^ and the foldiers veiy rougli* 
iy handled. 

Dec, 20, 

By order of the k.-ng of PrulTia, all games 
of Hazard were prottibited throughout his 
dominions, under fevere penalties. 
Dec. ii. 

The freedom of Londonderry was pre- 
fented to the bifhop in a gold box, for liie 
leal in cffeAlng two great conveniences 
(o that city, a bridge and a colisry. 



A remarkable de/iverance if mendoacd 
in a letter from Sberboi ne in Dorfetibire. 
A boat Koing oat to pot a pilot on board 
the Lady Coyrtnay, loon after filled and 
fank s but lockily another bcKat being 
near, the crew were all taken up, except 
one fohn Perriam^ who totally difappear- 
ing, they made the beft of their way oat 
of the dangerous fitoation they were in, 
and related tbe fate of their companion aa 
one fwallowed up in a tempeAaoas fea | 
bat three hoori alteran accountwat receiv- 
ed of hie farpriAng deliverance. When the 
boat onrfety he got upon a maft, and was 
toA and driven throagh the waves for tbe 
fpace of two hoars, and at laft thrown op- 
en the fiuids, near a league from the place 
where the boat overfet. He lay infenfibtey 
and moA Aill have periibed, had he not 
been providentially leen by a man from 
the cli#^ when proper ailiAance was af- 
forded, and he was enabled to retam home 
Che nest day. 

Dee. 29. 

This mornine, aboat eigbf, a violent 
Ihock of an earthquake was felt at Bytofi 
in Herefordfbire. it began with a ramb- 
ling noife, which Teemed to iffue from the 
fnd of ShobdonVhill. The noife was 
IbOA fecceeded by tbe (hock. The river 
Log, altho* very rapid, rofc (everal inches, 
bat Tank again almoA infUntaneoofly. 
Tbe tower of the church, which was very 
mach decayed, was fplit in many places, 
and the torf, which covered a cot upon tbe 
Bde of Shobdon*s- hill, called the Cabbin» 
dropped in, ' and very nearly fmothered a 
child in the cradle. Ic is impcfMe to 
defcribe the furprize and hotror that ap« 
peared in every countenance. Men and 
women, with their children, rno towards 
the church, at to a place of fafety, but they 
were prevented entei ing by the very rui- 
nous condition ol the tower. The (hock 
leenned to move from £aft to Weft. Hap- 
pily no lives have been loA. A laige rent, 
at the time of the (heck, opened at Shob- 
don*s-hill, out of which a coikfiderable 

J|uanti(y of water now ifluts \ but, at tha 
ame time, there are appearances of both 
•oal and iron that will more than compen- 
fate tha damaga dooe. There are many 
other odd accidents attending thispbaeno- 

StyMDAT, jH^e I. 

Being new- yearns day, it was obferved 
at court as a high feflival j but tbe ode on 
that occalionwasnot publickly performed, 
en account of the folemnity of the djky»^ 
Sir Robert Ladbroke prefented, as ufoal, 
4.0 boya, educated in Cbrift^s-Hofpttal, 
ior his Mjyefly*s fea (ervke. 

His exceUency count SJlern, the ][mpa» 
rial ambaflador at tbit. court, by order of 
the Emperor and Enprcfi Queen, preTent" 
ad to Sir John Pringle, phyfician 10 heg 

Majefly, ibrae gold and ei^^tcn filvrr 
medais, aa a mark of tbair eAaem for ^9 
llkare ba bad In intrododng the praOica of 
. inoculation into tbe Aoftriandominionri 
and for recommending Dr. Ingenhoofe, 
who baa happily foccaedfd In cuiying that 
pcadice into execntion. 

BConnAT a* 

His excellency the earl of Harconrt At 
oat on his embafly to France. 

The dedion oif an alderman lor tlla 
ward of Farringdon vrltboat, came on In 
St. Brtde*s church, when John WUket, 
Efq} wascbofen by a great majority, Mr. 
Bromwicb, who oppofed him, bavkig da- 
clined the poll. However, (bme miftaka, 
in point of form, having been made, the 
elefiion has been declared voidv— Tbe fol- 
lowing card is find to have been lent to aa 
eminent banker on this oocaAon 1 

,€t Lord •»•••••'• nM>A rvfpeafal con- 
*^-plimeats to Mr. ••••, and begs tha 
*' favour of him, to. asert his utnH>A t^ 
" prevent Mr. Wilkes's being elcded-an 
*• alderman.*' ^ 

This day the royal aceademy of arts 
vras opened, and a general afiimibJy of tba < 
accadeoiidans held, when feveral i>ya- * 
laws and reguUtions were agreed to for tba 
government of the Ibciely ) after wbidi 
the whole aflemMy adjoaraed to the 8c 
Alban's tavern, where an elegant enter- ^ 
tainment was provided, at which wciw>fi 
prefetkt, many of the principal noMKcy, 
patrons of the polite aru. An ode Cita- 
ble to the occafion, Vfas performad by a 
band of the beft ma(Urs. See p. (03. 

Thit|day gold toft onaihillkig an ouncet 
and (ilver the lame. Gold fells for 4). 2t« 
filvcr for 5s. lod. 

TaispAT 3. :> 

The drawing of the lottery at GoildhaH 
dofed, when No. 49,567 was drawn ■ 
prize of loool. and being the laft drawn, 
was entitled to loool. moie. A boy was 
ftript, and put into the wheel before that 
No. could be fot^nd. The acoool. laA 
drawn, is (aid to ba tbe property of the earl 
of Errol in Scotland. 

WannxsaAT 4. 

The King of Denmark arrned at Altena, 
the firft city to. his Majefly's dominioni. 
He was received with.aU inffible demoiu 
ftrations of joy. The children of the or- 
phan-hofpital, and other charities, were 
ranged in two lines, with wax taper! in 
their hands, as his MajeAy pafled to the 
palace. AU the hoofes were ilhuniaated, 
and a grand emblematfcal fire-work, in^ 
fcribed Optim ttigi, was played off, which 
Was followed by a grand maffuerade ball. 

The (bciety of arts unanimoufly agreed 
to offer a premiumifQC tbe cultivating tha 
greateft quantity, and giving a detail -of 
the manner of culture, of tbit new and 
valoabla acqaifttioo to tha Carmcr, tha 
tarnip-rootad «abb*S*« 'Z'ba advantagea 



HiSTomcAii chroni<:le; 


^ tUi.^lHI of^r M|! «tlttr of cbt Bnito: 
oUm tmg tlMt k-MdwM tb$ moA tjiff^m 
toft wiiboHrt iBJ/nj, cQiadnQMyfgBi9tmg 
4anac tht vrhota ljprlii(» and ooAfil^cntlj 
aflbm food for cattto «; A time wlm f oqA 

Fe»at 6. 

BriBs Twdftli^dajri tfie earl of Hertford, 

leid flkutkMn^ nade the afoH ofltrisf 

«f fold, ffMilrtBceofa eod myarl^ «t the 

chapel rofi^ hit oMJifty oot being at che- 

HIa m4elhrf not Mng accnftdmtd to 
pli^, ordmd leoo gniaeas to be paid to 
the frepeB^ponert Intberodoiofhiaiifaal 

The iMTt being made to hit nu^/tXk^ d 
tea fluUoMhn mer Centeace of djBeth in 
Me ep ia eib Jbhoi-AAdrew Martin Waa or* 
dared for eoceei|tlon« 

HlKaarNoah.wasoomBikted toprifoa 
OB a cimrgp of altering the date of thiw 
h i Mef i iekete* btanka in the lottery of 
'7^» ^ ito munhcrff prixet in theloC* 
iuy for' J7<S. 

llOSNSrAT 9* 

\ aJk the anrier-ftdioni pi the peace for 
VoriUky'wittieai'ifoward ww fentenced 
for <M^ortnd6a» forftealhig a qnaotitf 
df Ibea ctofh, part Of die caigo of the foip 
lAdy Agatha, from Hamburgh, wreclied . 
near Tottington in OAober laO. *Tit hop- 
^ this exanpte will prodwe a good cStik, 
A privy-coaocil was held at lord Way- 
motttb't office, (aid to be relative to the 
reqnilitiofit made by the coort of Peter f- 
boTgb, in eonfequence of the lace declara- 
tion of war by the Ottoman Porct, againft 
the Ruffian (empire. 

y John Swith, for riotooily affembling w:th 
, others on the loth of May lail,{and dcAroy- 
injf- the faw*miil of Charles Dinglcy, Efqi 
wai tried at HiclcVs Hall, found guilty, 
and fenteaccd to foffer feven years impri- 
fonnent io Newgate, to pay a fine, and to * 
enter into recognizance for his good beha- 

Tvrs»Ar xo. 
Their royal highncflfes prince William 
Henry, and the prtncefs royal, who were 
lately inocaUted for the fmall-pox, ap* 
peared abroad, pcrfe^ly recovered. 
WaonasDAT ii. 
This morning John Andrew Martin, 
for breaking open the hoafe of Mr Knight 
in Noble- Areet, and robbing it of jewellery 
goods to a very coofiHerable amount, was, 
pnrfoaBC to his fomence, executed at Ty- 
burn. He was a Dane by birth, and ^two 
Daniih miniftav with the ordinary and a- 
nother clergyman, attended him till hie 
irons were knocke'd off. Jeft before he 
waa tamed off, he made a foert 4»eech to 
the fpeftators^ .exhortiog them to uke 
wamini; by his untimely end. He wes a 
moil confammate. villain, and had mined 

At d»fnarter-leffioM at 0o«caicr, ont 
of the high eenfoiUee of (M^ldcrofs, wa* 
M^d forextorthig, by vlftee of Ma tf- 
liae, monfy to the ameeatof ie5ol. fifem ' 
tmgtjF*Ave towo^pa bekwgkw to bis 
wapoatahe, co vrhlch he pleaded gailt]^ 
and apon hie agreeibg to repay themoney, 
erith ln»ef cft« he was foied €s« M, Ofdemd 
to be impiifoaed for one month In York* 
Caftle, and difehargrd from hiaofll^. 
. TneasBAT ta. 

At tffito fharrer-feffiona for the.coant|^ 
of Olooceter, the afo of theWittchaM 
bttAel was earnefljf reeomaiended by the 
chairman | and the farmers have iinep en^ 
ured Into an agreement to fell by no-athedL 

At a meesinKof fome of the ftedioMM*^ 
of Middlefoa, at the Mile-Boid affembl* 
room, the folla#i«g inftraaiona were at 
graed to, and dheAed to be tranfmitted t§ 
John WUkw aod^ John Olynn, Ei^n. 
anighti ^ the ftirs tor the faid coa nty . 

I. To endeairorir tt conttfue ^ ae, and 
to confom oor old oonftiiational and oolj 
rightfoltrish-byjary. i : 

a. To proosote a ftria parllaaMotarf 
infttiiiy Into the tfanfofliooa o/theanffi* 
tary fo St. George*a*Mds, on Tuefihly iht 
loth pf May lail. 

%0 To'pFam9ie a Sire enqairy hito the 
fine and mnrdareoeifunittad at Brentford, 
on the 8th of lad December. 

4. To examide in^o the adnilnMratioi| 
of juAice in this county : particularly in* 
to the prefont Aaae of the commiffion of 
the peace. 

5. And, as far aa in your power, topm^ 
note an enquiry into the rigbu of tha 
public to the territorial revenue arifing-. 
from theconqiteftftin India. ^■ 

The inftruAioa rilating to the trial bf 
jury, was moved by the Rev. Mr Home. 

The three inftrudlions eeUtive to en- 
quiries into the tranfaAionsof St. George*e 
Fields, the riot at Brentford, and the com- 
miffion of the ' peace* ware moved by 
}aihes Adair, &fiq{ Aod, 

The inquiry relative to the territorial 
revenue of tiie coaqo^fis in India, waa 
propofed by Beoj imin Hayes, ECi|} s^ 

Betwedi one and two o'clock in the 
morning, a ball of fire fell on T«wer«hill { 
it feemed to come from the S. E.. and wae 
attended with a noife refembling that oC 
thunder. A Uke ball feil, about the fame 
time, near Q^een-ftreet, High Holbowm | 
and was attended with a very folphareoaa 

Fa IDA y 13, y 

Tha ballot ended on the grand qneftiotf^^^ 
at the Eaft' India hoafe, for ageeing with 
the govet smient for the teritorial dominiona 
npw ia the compaay*s poffeffion, whes 
the numbers wem for the agreement aoyt -^ 
agaift it a4S. 


The foffiottt ended u \S»a 014 ^^w^wf v 


52 The Gentleman's MAGAZINE, Vol. XXXIX. 


when lught coavifts recciTed |leiiteti«e of 
death j viz. Rob. Davis, James Cooper, 
and Charles Wilkes, for burglaries ; }ohn 
.Caley A^r returning from tranfpoitationj 
Ufper Webb, £dw. Williams, and John 
Trqe, for robberies on the highway ; and 
Edward Qt>irk, and Lawrence Balf, for 
baviog been prefent, aidin^^ and abetting 
in the wilful murder of George Clark, 
clerk to an attorney, at tikt JareeleAion at 
Brentford, where, in the riot and tumult, 
he received a blow, on his head with a 
dudgeon, of which he died in a few days. 
Their trials lafted 14 hours. The council 
for the profecutton were Mr Seij. Leigh, 
Mr Impcy, and another j for the prifo* 
nerr, Mr. Serjeant Davey, Mr Serjeant 
Bui land, Mr Lucas, Mr Walker, and 

Mr Murphy. On the trial, it 

appeared, that the prifoners weie hired, 
with others, previous to the day of elec- 
tion, for the purpose of keeping the peace, 
and affiftlng Sir W. B. F.*s friends in the 
tourfc of the poll $ that for fometine the 
poll went on with the greateft regularity, 
and without the had interruption ; that 
all at once, the prifoners, with others, be- 
gan in a moft outrageous manner to (Irike 
and knock down indifcriminately all who 
came iif their way ; and chat the deceas'd 
was one of the nnhappy perfona who was 
tho< violently attacked. 

There were many evidences in Balf*s 
favour, it appe:;ring that he was rather 
drawn In than a principal, his council con- 
fidercd it unneceflary to examine a num- 
ber of cre'iitable houlekeepcrs, who were 
leady to be produced to his character. Tht 
j(>d^e was very humane in his charge rela- 
tive to him ; and it feemed to be a difap* 
pointment to fome'ln court, when the 
v^rdiA was pronouoce^y hetb Guilty, 

Atter the trial, it was moved by the pri- 
foners council, that there was a flaw in the 
indidment, by the Grand Jury's erafement 
of the woids aiding and ajpftiw^f and begged 
that it might be debated previous to the 
court*s pafTini? fentence, which was 
granted \ and on Monday morning, about 
^x o'clock, it came on. 

Serjeant Biirland opened it by making 
fevcral ingenious and critical obfervations 
on the nature of what might appear to be 
erafements, but weie not in faft fo ; in 
particular that of a perfon's figning his 
name, and vety often draw a line acrofs 
it, which tho* it might look like an erafe- 
ment, was no more than what was very 
ufuai, and did by no means invalidate the 
ft|(nature. Mr Murphy and Mr Walker 
made ufe of iimilar arguments. Serjeant 
Lcigb, on the other tide, remarked, that 
thefe arguments were rather ingenious, 
t}ian.fttbAant'al, and concluded b> obferv- 
ing. that its being returned Billa VtrUt was 
fully fufficicnt, that the erafement mud be 
looked upon as intended. The arguments 
on both fides continued for near four 

boars, when Mr Juftice Aftoo and the Re- 
corder gave their opintous to the foDowtng 
purport s Judge Afton humanely obferved, 
that in a oafe where the lives oif two per- 
fons were concerned, he would not pre- 
tend at once to determine without the 
cleared conviAion. He did he had there- 
ioie previoufly weighed all the circum- 
ftances very minutely relative to this af- 
fsir, and bad the pleafure of having his 
opinion corroborated by Lord Chief Baron 
Parker, Juftice Gould, and Mr Recorder ) 
he was therefore clear, he faid, in the in- 
diAment being valid x he further corrobo- 
rated his opinion by feveral precedents of 
a fimilar nature, and concluded with ah 
obfervarioo of that great lawyer Hale, 
<< That the picking out flaws in indiA« 
ments, whereby juftice was evaded, was a 
fcandal to the law, a degradation of juf- 
tice, and a diftionourtoGod.** 

Mr. Recorder then proceeded to paft 
ferteiKe, previous to which he hoped that 
the fate of thefe two unhappy perfons 
would be a warning to all rioters \ as no- 
thing (he faid)- could be apore deftruflive^ 
to the laws of fociery, particularly toelec-k 
ticns, the eflence of En^liih freedom ; and 
that the procurers, (if any there were) 
howfoever dignifled, as well as the pro- 
cured, were^not exempt, by pur laws, from 
this cacaftophe. . 

SvNDAT 15. « 

. A gentleman of fortune was excommu- 
nicated for not putting in a full anfwer to 
articles exhibited againft him by his lady, 
on a charge of incontinency. 

PubHck prayers were ordered to be put 
up in the churches throughout the province 
of U'.recht, for imploring the Almighty to 
put a ftop to the malady which now ragrs 
amongft the homed cat tie in that country. 
Monday 16. 

The houfe of Lords met according to ad- 
journment, and it was obfervable, that 
more members attended than ufual. 
. TuctDAY 17. 

A Conge d'Eli e was dircded to the 
archdeacon and chapter of LandaflFi im- 
powering them to eled a hi (hop of that 
lee, in the room of Dr. John Ewer, lately 
tranflated to the bi(hoprick of Bangor.and 
recommending the rev. Dr. Jonathan Ship- 
ley, dean of Winton, for their choice. 

WtDNSiBAY 18. 

Being the day appointed for keeping her 
Majef)y*s birth day, the court was nu- 
merous and brilliant, moft of the royal 
family being prefent. 

Thvbsdat 19. 
The hon. houfeolCommons met accord- 
ing to adjournment. 

Mr. Offley, a bailiflT, in attempting to 
arreft a fiiilor in Wapping, was toflird ihto 
the Thames and drowned. 

Saturday %i% 
Orders were faid received atPortf- 
mouih, for putting in rcadinefs carriages 




ftr te liter sM oTtMityBMorbattlt 

Tte Rtf«rnid IMtor Hard praacb* 
«d at LiiwolaVbin diapd, iIm ifft 
iwrm&m ni m mm MhvCt inftit«t«d ty Uit 
fci(hqp<rfOl a « Mll <i, ioMinceofClrUU-. * 
aaiqr ^Mi tht Evidtnce ftrifinc from tht 
ProplMCMt «r At Old airi Nc w taftamtiic, 
chidly M ftbqr m« feppofiid lo t$Um w 

Mbii»jiT ij. 

Bdagdkirftdsr of iotoi* Mr.BiogUf, . 
fmUmm of chft North-Brinuif ap|iMff«d 
In cowt i bMt rtraiag lo anfwer to iiictr*> ; 
ffbgatoTM^ WM ^MUtakmd to tht ILngV 
Bench prifta flor eoMMpt '^ ooort. 

MTaid ITQsifcl^wliofctnoiitioiihii 
boMNfaittd on aeeoMt nC Cmm po«MM • 
In dM^ Annvr» ««r< agtiiu ' 
fwd dwing hit B M»fty ?t pkaiin^. • 

A watm, hM «KI^ and two tUUdtm 
wm fennd nerfOMd to daath in^M of ite 

pm-honibt iMlM^lat t0 tha parlOt of' 
D la KotlordOiira } thtj ^flH« 

laMid lfin|npdi« jUttla^w, witeiit 
doMh^ «ad nriChdlitaafariiig,SBd a thifd ' 
cihUd, a boy aboat davfayaart oU^ alin» 
hot ooaMe to ftuidy lying hy thaou whf 
ceold ghra no aooovat how long they had 
been dead. Upon cnqairyy It was^fonndy 
that thty bad been taken UJ abonc cbraa 
weafca bafiMVyand that only one half crown - 
had been given them daring the whole 
Cine hf one of cha overfeertf of tfae poor** 
WsoniftOAT 25, 

The upper Houfe of Convocation went 
to. St. Fanl'a church. ThobiOiopof St. 
David*f fojd the KtaAy in Latin, and Dr« 
Marlrfiam,dean of Chriil*chiirchy preached 
an elegant Latin fennon i after which the , 
archb<<hopt bifliopty ftc. returned to the 
Chapiet-hoiffet and having fent a meflage 
to the Lower Hoafe of Convocation, who 
were waiting in the cathedral to chafe a 
Proiecotor, the rev. Dr. Thomai, dean of 
We/laiinfter, was cladcd and approved by . 
their lordlhipi* 

TaviiDAT a6. 

At a feneral coart of the proprietor J of 
the E til India company, a written meflage 
fiom the Lonli of the Treafory to the Di- * 
rcQoff, in confeqoence of their having 
tfaofmitred to the board of treafury a 
new plan of accommodation, was read, . 
and it at fbllowa 1 

' '' My lordt can ike no rcafon to alter 
their former opinion whh regard to the 
propofitiona tliat]were communicated to 
them from the Coort of Dtcedort i there- 
fore, however willing they might have 
been to have concnrred witb the company 
fan any reafooable qnalification of any of 
thearticlei, which are mentioned in the 
minatet o^che board of the 15th of Dec* 
laft, u proper 10 be nade part offacb a- 


grctment, iaa9iichli|btCb»cottM^||^^ 

propoAtapn, that whenever tfcec^mpmn'a • 
dividenda Oiall he rMbmed to AxnScim: * 
the payment to the pabUc Aall be difeoa* ' 
tinocd {.yet they cannot giva the oonrt oT * 
Dirraora any enoowj^^nBant to< azpaA. ' 
that tbif board win think tbaaUelvaiiatfi! • 
berty CO raM» to paffibuneat to I 

cept of anjp IMi propolai aa Aail leave aay 
•^ i*Sl?*'^ T"**^ •opiovided te-- 

AAar wbicb-the coart-debatedtillpaft I 
foaro'dock, and nnajlaiji wkb a va^ • 
commcadatioo to their Oimaoia to obtriv ^ 
from the Lords of the Treafory an aapla* 
nation ef the meaaiagW the above arininL^^'^ 

At a meetfaig of the elfdon of thf dOM^* 
and Kberty of Weftmfafter, at die OtmS ' 
Room overBxeter-Exchange bi tl^ScraadL 
it waa agreed to Intma their repritew! 
civet tn the ftan fmiclet wUb tboft tf • 
Middlete, with chit addidob. ''^ 

6. Andiiftly; we do moll AroaAiy la', 
fifl, that yoa aevw carft yonreadeSoart 
to obtabi a ooaaitatloaat radiaa for tbo*n 
^S^.^ff^T"^ hKn beta jmrfnad 
egJai^WUfcea, Efa| and £t y4a "^ 
toaaoofly fnpporiMl viadbarie cbaflgbS 
offbepeople, who have ebofobbatb* - . 
ripttiintatha fai pafBamtit, . 
Fa ID AT ay. 

A Wardmbtt vraa held by this right hoo. , 
the Lord-Mayor, at St. BridtVchurchf ftir 
a new eSeaion of an akkraian^ for tba . 
ward of Farringdon Withoot \ when there 
being no other candidate than John Wilkei^ 
Efg; he wai declared duly ekaed. The 
right hon. the Lord-Mayor made a genteel 
apology to the geotlemeo of the ward, on 
account of his calling them together a fa* 
cond time, owing meeriy to a miftake ia 
clofing the books befoi e the time agreed on. 

Mr. Wilkes was carried by a mar/bal of 
the KiogV Bench prifon to Che Hoafe of 
Commons. The affair that was that day - 
debated is to be refemed on Tucfday. 

The court of common- coancil approved 
an akreement between the City and the 
Prebend of Finlbury, for a leafe of the 
Flofbory eftate for ninety-nine years, re* 
newable upon certain conditions mutually 
advantageous to both parties \ and a pe« 
tkioQ was at the fame time read and ap- 
proved to be prefented to Pailiament, tor 
an a€b to carry the agreement into execu- 
tion. At this court fomc propofltioos were 
taken into confideration, relative to the 
rQads to be made from the new biidge at 
Black-friers; but no plan was then adopted* 
TtftspAT 31. 

By letters from France, there is authen* 
tic- advice, that feveral thouCind Ibldiert 
have been embarked lately from Bourdeaux 
and other ports of that kmgdom for the 
French lettlemeots in the Weft-lndicSt 
Africa, fee, and that there are more (hipt 
of war at prefent on the ^ocks in Ftiima^ 
than at any time €&c« ^ v^<&« ^ ^n^ V 




The EiDprefi of Rvffia hao ordered two 
fMnJuiBU to pey Mr. Dimfdale, who xn- 
ocoleied her Majefty, xo/>ool. (lerling, 
vpo« bis »m>al i« London, and granted 
him 500I. per ann. during his life. She 
hm likcwtfe mede the DoAor phyfician to 
bcrfidf and the Grand Doke ) alfo appoint* 
«d bin privy connfellor of-ftate, and creat- 
ed bim baroQ of the empire of all the 

Ttttir Hnperkii Majeftifs have ordered 
the pky oi all married foMien to be aug- 
■MiMted» JA order to encourage mi^trimony 

tifi 9/ BiWiTUBfir 1769. 

Die. 15. *^RE piiBcefii of Braiil-*of a 
] fon. 
.w. Lady of lord A&bibolc— of a fon. 
faa. 6. Lady of bit exctllency Imrd Townf- 
^ Id Bent, of Ireland— of a ion. 
7. Lady of John Sawbrldge, Efi|;— of a loo. 

L(/f ^MAaaiAOM^r 1769. 

I^* y^ H /r^B^S^ Cbolmkyt Efq; of 
IVX EaftoB-^to MUa SibthorpCp 


•f ORford. 

Litsc. col. Scaboafeof tbeCnnibtrland nit- 

Stta— to Miia Wood of Btadiand Nortbtanib. 

Rev. Mr Lowibiea of Cockatmootb— to 

tiih Barnes. 

%i. Rev. Mr Slater— to Mifi Bellamy, of 

Warfield, Berks. 

jan a. Rt Hon. Ld Brownlew Bertie— to 
MtU Miry Ann Layird. 

3. John MordAunt, Efq; eldell fon of Sif 
Cbaifes— to Mift Elisabeth Prowie. 

Arthur Kelly, of Kelly in Devon, Efq}— Co 
Miff Drewe, of Eieter. 

4. Rev. Mr Thwaius of Leeds— to Mils 

5. John ^Itngtoa, Efqj— to Mift Harri- 
etu Anfon, of Southampton -row. 

Dr Wm Saonders— to Mifs Petrie. 

I^aptain Bainbeid|e— to Mift AUgood, with 

7 . John Philpott, Efqj of the Middle Tem- 
ple—to Mrs Sibfon. 

Stephen John Mauie, Efq;— to MifiiAra. 
bella Leigh, of Greenwich. 

9. John loce, Efqj- to Mils Curtis, of 
Upper -Brook ftreet. 

Rev. Mr. Keates, R. of Lavertoo^Somer- 
ietftire— to Mils Borland^ of Wells. 

II. Benj. SoIomopSi merchant— to Mifs 

i». Robert Campbell, Efq— to Mifs Yates. 

CapCJiin Paoncefort — to Mifs Digbj, of 
Bourne in Lincolofliut. 

Rev. Mi Long— to Mift Wefton, of Fy- 

fieU. Bcrki. 
13. Rev. Mr Wilder of Nuahidc— to Mifa 

Tbovtea of SalamAcad, Berks, 

15. Tho. HeyOiam, £fq;— to Bdifs Ells. 
Page, of Upper- Orofvenof-fquare. 

Mr Ncwmao of Clifford's Ian— to Mi(a 
Johnfton of Ofay*s Ino lane. 

18. Jonath« ConiaatJMj mmec itt Cheap* 
f de— to Mifs Peloo. 

' Capt. Hampden Evans, of the $4tb ref.«>* 
to Miis Margaiet Davis of Ireland. 

Wm Mnrrsjr, Efq;— to Mifs Kitty Hamil' 
too, ad daughter (o lord vifc. Bojnc. 

a6. Hoo. Edwin Sandys ^ Efq; cldeft fon to 
lord Sandys— to Mis King, of Finchamftead» 

Stephen Skinner cf Panton ftreet, Efq;«» 
CO Miis £lis. Medlkott, Oraat Ruflel ftieet. 

Lift of DmxTUi fir 1769. 

LIEUT. Forey, at Senegal. 
John Roufe, Efg; of Rooic Lcncb, in 
Capt, Rogers, of the 44tb rag. in Ireland. 
Capt. John Hamilton, of the 33d reg. of foot. 
Rlv, Rob. Breton, archdeacon of Hereford. 
Wm Newnham, ti^ barriAer at Uw. 
Docbeis dowag» of M^Ayio Italy. 
Jn Watibn Daavcts, Biq^ oiriy ion of Sir Tobo. 
Capt. Geo. Dock, of the Yorkihire militia. 
yi Tho« Pfobyo, aged 104* *t Hesefoid, chiff 
of the CoaingAory Eiolpslal there. 
Deca4. Rev. John Wateraaan, R. ofTaf- 

lentAvias, Wilts, Ac 
Df^ Penelope Stanhope^ talifi of the Uttf 

Sir John, 
ay. Lady of Samuel Zyrs^ Zfq| at Salilbarj • 
Mr Peck, fnrgeon to the 4U1 regitneat. 
Alexander Brown, Eiq; of Doxford in Nortk* 

t9« Theodora Hudfoo« Efq; at Wandfwostb* 
Rev. Mr lanes, R. of Kinpton, Kent. 
y John Rider, the old Palatine, aged 11 1, in' 
30. James Garth, Efq j in Swalhtss-flreet^ 
St James's. 
]L Mia. Anae Richards, aged 103, at Bodmin^ 

in Cornwall. 
%i Ann Moolter of Vewcaftle, aged 103. 
S Cicely Fenwick, aged iij, near Newcaftle. 
^ f i[. Phineas Andrews, Elq; in Hciborn. 
Jan. I. Mrs. ChambciUme, of St JohnV 

fqoare, regretted by the poor. 
Vincent Phipp% Efq} in North-ftreet. 
Vice.Adm. Btoderick, of a cancer in his face. 
Tho. Gray, Efq: at Fulbam. 
MaOcy Taylor, Efq; 0/ Chefler.- 
Lady of Andrew Hackct, Efq; of Moxhall, 

2. Jamei Ofwald, "Efq; at Kncbworth, Herts, 

4. The Rev. Mr Jitnes Mtyrrck, known to 
the learned by his tranflalion of Tryphto- 
dorus, and his elaborate notes on that an* 
tient author. 

5. William Sironr, £^<)> "i the Stnnd. 
John Bates, Efq; near Moiwich. 
Rev. Dr Greenwood, R. of SolyhuU, War- 


6. His gface Charles Sackviile, duke of Dor- 
fee, a lofer of learning, and a pat«onof 
learned men s author of fetezal c&eemed 
pieces in prole and vcrfe. 

Thomu Forbes. Efq; at Mootrofe. 

7. Walter Webber, Efq; at Iflington. 
8 Jn Lc Bland, E(q: in Compton-itr* Soho. 
Wm BooltoB, Merchant in St Helen's. 
Tho. Wharton, Bfq; of Great Rofie|lftreet« 
9. Jobs Kilibaw, a Weft Indh Mcscbant. 



Z4jt 0j xJeatbsj Prefermmts^ Bankrupt 

Hddnt, Efii; of Oleocaglct, ia 



NMk IMt» B% tf Aiairf i l • >» », Stmrf. 
Kdia^Sav. NoftOB, Eff; tii4 mok to la- 

Dr WUnMVy Ib DfilBUista-ftrcctf Wc fti ninwa 
IS.1UV. Mr Mdciw CoB% it WtU«^ So- 

■4« lolMfr-wiMfraf 

iWfawnil iMt f i ry|i — i, htrcH|3i fo» 

afiiicS, iatWdi-ftiM. 

r, ttlUrkiag fi 

irkiag te Bfei 
„ .Fofftlk, 
Omti^ IL of HtoMuafT- 

• * 


tc. TW» I%lBmft«» —dif, ia Watdif ft. 

y it. IfitUnw a viMrkriiialltftoaiiC* 

4«U.Mld.l0O. ... 

17^ UMm€lU wifiito thtMift. of tlwRoHt, 
LWf on«4 U Ddotticu. 
Tfce^ Inrilt^wap Ei^ of SoathaiBfton-ftr« 
18. Pfter Aaae^ well kaowa for hit deif- 

tictl wrifiafi» 
19 Mr Wfiba, one of tha fwora clerks ia 

WiUUai B««t»Efl|s BiMhtf toSiir Picrcy. 
Mi SckalB. aoiMj foUk. - 
so. )oba!frilklJoibB% ofCoMAft-i^i. 
WnlMMt. E<q; of DtaSwd in Berht. 
aj. fleary svant, B(^| in Otoicifter-ftreet, 

RoA-JiMi Iqoftrc. 
Ltdj of TboBUi CrdafU^ Elq| fa Sali/bary 

icringlMni ChtwWy Ud^ cMi is Ckmtewty, 
vhn Ooi»dcr» EJQ; ia Clerkenwell. 
L«liA af die )a(e Thooui Bramftoo, Ef^j at 
ftkntsf, Eflca. 
24. loha Aliford9.£%iaQo|M»ANia-«rfct. 
05. TboHM RafeaUI. Bfo: dtrk «f the 

vctannad. intbaOoa. PoA-affiOTi. 
Reliaor9tt|ib.SkiBn»^Er(u atWelthimftow. 
Joka Daia^ |B% of Qocea's-i^iiare^ Weft- 

a6. MifrMatia rdict Harrilbo, 1 jonng la- 
dy of aiiOooL fiortoat, on the poiot of 

a7. Chi%|BadMB»B%aaa^fri^diicdoa 

Jaiaao lknfar» Blqs itf SMtow^ftieat. 

IV. Pr Xi jiP 1| ^ CirlVcb 9m kite 

I Ironor lo lofd 
Albaa^iiy Woodftr. 

Rev. Oeoiga Clarko— to WoAiattm ^ 
Haati. . 
Rev. Or Tatot-to^folfkall R. i»Wa 

Rev. Cb. BiackaB-*to Stabbiac L.'Sflh 

Rev JaaMaCarUe-4» BbilicU R. WoilUl 

Rev. Richard Stracko?— to FrriiwbMl 1 

Norfolk. * r-%— I 

Rev. John Woodcock— Caooa RtSd«M 
iri of the Cathedial of HaM^id. 

Rev. Mr. Mattbewi— toSt Kifikolaa*a 1 

Rtv, Rob« Salo&iify Heatoo— to Avim 
R. with Minchioahaoiftoa ta fyj*"^^^^^ 
by mpeaiatioa. 

Rev. Edw. Stone— to Rorfendea R. Baab 

Rev. R. Nona, Jon.«-<o Hftaiiainiien | 

Rev. Rd Smith— to the Pf obe^TSaH 
WorkSagtoai and^ 

^Rov. M r Skinna-to that of IW% Wk 

Hoa. aad tov. J. ^rley, Att of ftte 
•a the a rebd M counrof ffrnftcd. ^^ 

Hoa. aod lev. W. Harley— to T^blariiii 
fiNlbury and OM-fodbmy V. V. WaJaT^ 

Rev. Bern. Salaion-chap^n to UmB. 


If r"^^ ^^^•^ •>^» Weft IMeObr 1 
Berki, wkh Laodurieg R. in DtabiaWf 
aad Ltadiiaiaa R. AngUftt. ". 

Rev. Wip Hbtae-to Hotbaai R. Km. 

Civil •PaoMOTzosn* 

dean of Exeter— Prei 
Antiquarian Society, «i 

Sir Peter Oenoit— a direaor of Creeawb 

Dr Rd Wrigte-pbyficiaa of St Gaorai 
hafpital. . 


Ja.Copeland, of ThaiMs ftrcet, cbi^femoa 
Cb. Runoiniton, of Peterftam, viaUier. 
Tim. Lewh, of Drnry lane Mao'*a mercer* 
Hannah Appleby, Sabridg*orth, Herti, pro 
Mof. Mafters, of Goodman's fieldt, mercbt 
Ja. White, of Lincombe, Somerl'e.lh. nulla 
John Ciouch, of London, manner. 
Wm Stilt, of Brutoo, Somerfetfh. linen drap 

in Boycr, of St fioto:ph Bpf^^te, wine coom 
Lobert Cheihire, of Liverpool, droggift. 
Tho. Hay, of LoxrCy, Warwickfliire, dealer 
Ab. Harrif, of fiinningham, pencil maker. 
John Harris, of High- wy comb. lacemaa. 
Chriftopher Baihell of Tower hill, dealer. 
John Popplewcll and Thomas Hanmer, t 

Cannon ftrcat, brakars. 
William Prentice, of Wrentham» SofibU 


William Dreflcr, !of [Sbackletoni TotkAir 

flax dre flrr. 
Ambroie Beckwitb, jnn. of Yoi k, goUfmit 
Jofaph Efaua, of Leeds, Yorkih. mercbiot. 
Wm Ward^ of Addioghain Yorkfti. dealer. 
Jof.'De Mages, Oxford market, wine mcrcA 
Ed Walcv, of St Mary le Botie, carpCotig, 

15 EV. Dr MiUet, 
J|\ dent of the Ai 
faie Bp of Carlifle. 







ls8 8.J8. 


ifiiff fifffififfffl 



■1 n t 


^ M 


If 1^ ■ 1 *?l 




.■m imMsi^mji 


igl& Ml 1 iwU mm 1 



^1 i 



^iil.= 1 j^- 





ffir. fl?? ff|i?|!?i||i 


If 1 1 ^ifif If if If lip 


""•*"~™"s = syjirsr5ra:sfipsti?sj 

The Gentleman's Magazine: 

St. J OH N's Gat 

BRUARY, 1769. 

n Atlantitt and gTcatii IDaritip 

I) mmpnrar)' Accounii of FoiVripn 

Coiioo* AcMMini of the w.inderful Coppf t Ml 

K EftwvHill, in StiHorcKhiic 59 

Aneodot^ sf the mitft cclEbniEd pe^migei In 
1 p»efeBt oeniuty ■ 61 

DHb«veT7 nEihe (Tonu sf m unkncnti hcilt S4 
"■ ' Tuftheirinftfli'Wuofrhe [MfifmcreignS; 
Truenufeaf ihrpMCeni^lfartfcn b6 

CIhM^t [>f ihc pirfeni A n it 

Ohjtaion. 10 ihc C _T inC— f 6; 

tit W.DmpiT-'i di;fcoc« of (hat noblemiB 6B 
Thcnfiiirj wirl1.niddwfsToSirWilii11nfi9.70 
Sif •Willijip'i defence of himlelf -,1 

Ha'Ritcr irf uj-jict on the ptdeiu etifit ?» 
Rctfant Ktinn hii propofti] pUii ''■ 

FiicDillr >d<<n-f< (D him on ihit necili'm ; j 
laHtuflJoni froTi ihe CnrBeni of IjmAod ti 

ihtir M«id1kt» ■ ■ 7* 

Ce"<bf i«d InfiiBflioni ftotn Norwirh '5 6-; 
Mcnioi«i>f the life nfihe ["rincenfijfliidc ;« v 
ThiTrtnfjwftimi in Virgil marmiimd itu 

OfAnGre iHoccEdtn)^ in Anteiici ' 3i 

D>flbhiti^ii-oftM?AremblT'ofN^.<'Yaik Ha 
ReloluiioiK Qf !lnt AffijmWy '*. 

"iitulirlchan wAmmicw Governon S3 

iaz.51udev'krpeecli 10 the AITtmMy ofNew 

Protidepc* ; . : . lA. 

Eoil>cllilhe,d witt >n »i-cut»ic Qujim M A P 0^ 

Kin|"( tjiinf alfo^up Uittxi! ii| C»ailiri(lpc, 

I N 1 N G, 
tban 4iip ^oeh af cbc |l!ntt anD I^in< 

Goy. Herimd'i letter 10 the EnRliih MinlfttJ 84 
Oblervitioni oOthft llbertr orior<:ign niRom Ri 
Opinioni eonceiniin' rhc effefliof oily BjIjIIi" 

cet on the banci, trontmned 
Addrrfi of the CoovoMlion to hii MijelU *I 
The office of Bipiirmtupbiiicd 8j 

Poirerful eReat of flnple rcniedlti go 

Ainuloutacc.of fitliiaienui; £*putfi}nf j|i-3 
Metean>loi;ic.J icemini of the vn'sihvc 93 

RiTiEwofBoots.— CifenFCicalBiKjio 
ibJ Americi gkj-i-v 

— ADifcoiirreonopeBinE,ih»RiiT»l Ac»d,9(-9 
•— Verfei in menii ty of 1 Lidy loo 

Epiiumyof Philofophi-ilTunraflioni lo" 

— LeCii'i anuncaoinuhHjdroe'tcU. 

— Millei't tonttmC11onafW)ei-whee]i 1^. 
— FDiRuinn'i nwihtid of iMfciivs Sun diili ili. 
— Djlrrmple on ihe foimiiion of lU.'&t los 
— Aneniptioil£ic[mbeitn.-fun'iiinnirpljere ri. 
— EIiti"iniperirnentionZno^J),'ie» \ . tb. 

P.jETjiY.-r Prologue ind Epilijgue! . laj 

— Adtircfl 10 He»lih, hy Mt VSmiy — ?<I»i on 
Tim^— Written in »a.U;ovc siCliftL-n ^lo^ 

Mel^ot Pnniofs 

uikiTiU 1' 


Htil.— PfiecfdiiifH at Mile cn.d, fto.''Sle. 
ihuRtsdftora'X.Dndnnt'JCinvbfieriP, Elf, «tt 
tJujLgh Biiclcinghflm and 14te«ift 

•^y S r h J A N U ^ V 

B,Jf N, Oeni. 


A &ir opportimity prefienced idelf , «t Uie elec* 

AS the late declaratioiu of war in theldortli tioo of a new king, for her imperial majefty lo 
have rendered cbe cAoCiaioot abroad redicft their grievancefl. By her influence ac 
more than aiiully imercftingy a ftort vtevof cbedyetof (he ftates, their claimt wererec'og- 
the political Aace of Europe leoBis necei&ry to lattd and confirmed, and the eccleiiaftical efta- 
incroduce our future actouuts. ftlifliment of the kingdom fettled upon the prin- 

The lumul'.uous proceedings in Sweden, and ciplei of equality and juftice. The Popifli 
the Tiolent meafiires of the fenite that produced clergy, enra^ at the diminution of their pow- 
« ihort abdication of the crown, have already er. fecretly be^n to foment diftui^ltncet j con- 
been related, (pig. a a.) Tho' hit Swedifli ma- fptrtcy after confpiracy enfued, and, at length, 
jcfty has fince refumed the government, the an open confederacy was formed and avowed^i 
grievances of the people ftill remain to be re- to amml the decrees of the diet, and to main- 
drefled. They complain of uses which they tain the power of opprelfion by open force* 
ere unable to pay ; of the want of bread which Whole towm, in poifeflion of the diffidents, 
chej have no means of procuring; of the info • wiere plundered, fet on fire and confumed, the 
lence of (he officers of the revenue whom they inhabiunts raalTacred, and their eftates laid 
cannot appeafe i and of the oppreffions of the wafte and deitroyed. The few Troops which 
military whom they cannot refiH. Grown def- herCzuifli majefty had fent into Poland, for 
perate under thefe pitiable circumftancet, many the preferraiion of order, unable to -efift the 
dmilies are to leave (heir country, torrent that every where fxnired forth upon 
<;httfing rather to encounter the hardfliips of a them, befought their fovereign for ^efh ftip- 
vo^imary migration, than tubmit to heavy im- plies. The numbers that were fent in confa- 
poiitions by which they ace undone. quence of thii requifition, excited the jealoufy 4 

The king, fenfihie of the prefervation of his of the Turks. The Ruffian ambaflador, on ' 

Eeople, has of himfelf interpofed in their be- pretence of concealing the hoftile intentions of 
lif; but the power of a king of Sweden can his court, wh infulted and Imprifoned. Re* 
cffefi but little. He has, however, forbidden monftrances and iippeals were alike ineffefihial 
Che corn and cattle of the poor to be feized for for his releafe. Wltlle his Britannic majefty'a 
the taxations of the ftate, and has promlfed his refident endeavoured openly to appeafe, the 
influence, at the enfuing dyet, to fecond their French amhaflador laboured fecretly to increafe 
f implications. the Storm. In tlie end, declarations of war . 

The kingdom of Denmark affords a ftriking were reciprocally publilhed, and formidable ' 
contraft to that of Sweden. A icries of wife preparations aie now making, on both fides^ (o 
|>rinces have rendered that nation rich and flou- commence hoftilities. 

rifting. The kings of Denmark are poflefled The afiairs of Poland are fo involved with 
of all power ; the kings of Sweden of a imall tbofe of Ruftia, that it is not eafy to mark the 
proportion. ' The fubjcds of Sweden groaning diftindion. The prefent king, raifed from the 
under the oppreHions of Senatorial Tyrants, rank of a private gentleman to the fupreme dig- 
ere for ever murmuring ; the fubjeds of Den- nicy, owes his exalution to the powerful inters 
tnukp enjoying the fruits of a mild adminiftra- pufition of her Czariih majefty. Though bom 
cion^ are happy in their fubmiftion to the beft and educated in the Romifli religion, the tics 
(9f fovereigns. The Danes are employed in cuici- of gratitude, and the didates of humanity, in- 
▼atingthe arts of peace ; the Swedes feem eqaal- cline him, amidft the confufions of his country, 
ly indifferent about improvement* in peace or war. to govern with juftice and moderation. But 
In fhort, Denmark is now one of the happieft juftice and moderation are not the talents 



n Europe, and Sweden the moft mi£Br- fupprefs the fury of a religious war. The vir« 
able, a few trading town« enly excepted. tues which, in other circumftances, would en- 
Her imperial majefty of Ruffia^ like the kin^ dear a prince to the hearts of his people, only 
of Denmark, is high in the efiimation of her ferve, m the critical fituation of his Poliih ma- 
iah^e&t, and rcfpe^able among the neighbour- jefty, toexpofe him to the alternate jealoufy of 
ing powers. Descended from the great Peter, contending parties. While he endeavours (o 
flte inherits his virtues. Her talents for leglf- maintain die balance equally, he lofes confe- 
laiion, are fufficiently difpiayed, in the outlines quence. And while the blood of his fubjeAs k 
of that code of laws, which flie has juft caufed deluging his country, h^ has the mortification to 
CO be publilhed, foMhe government of her peo- behold the malady, without being able to ciofo 
pie. See vol xxxvlii. p! $74.) Her zeal for (he wound. The recital of the ({eplorable 
religion is mani/cil, in the part ihe has taken ftate of this country^ would only be ^ repetition 
CO fupport the juft rights of the Diffidents, t of the moft horrible fcenes of crnelty and car- 
name iynonimous to that of Proteftants, in Fo,- nage. What the ereot may be Oiall be ihew% 
land. That opprefTed people have long been hereafter, 
deprived, by the tyranny of the Polifh clergy, (To be c^fitinuid.) 

PRICES of CORN at (he Corn-Exchangi, London. 


30 to 37 
30 to 38 
30 to 38 

Barley Oats 

14 to 1741 II (o 14 
14 CO 18 I II to 14 

13 to 17 I II CO I 





20 to 21 

tote St 

16 to at 


20 to 21 

21 to 22 

15 to 19 


20 toil 

21 to %t\ 

16 to 19 



2; (9 H 


Pale Malt 
ao to 26 
2P to 24 

21 to ft| 

THE ; 

Genfkman% Magaztnev 

FEBRUARY, 176$. 

■mrf tht fimna Cofpik- 
MiM, idtn^ H ill Graet tht 

MMrif DnmAin, _mt Ea«n-HiU. 

^ which runtclafe 
Is about 7PO 
iflt|.it(iUBCter fren the fame, quite 
Ikret^, *bo«t h»lf amile) the up^ 
Sma, nr mould, it aVout -fifteen in- 
An &n<k, and produrei csceetiing fine 
btrbap/ for flie«p, and oihcr cattle, 
~ who ccBfiautlf graie on the top and 
Mcij ud what Ihe dccHnty will per- 
Mft uie plough, TtTf line wheat, barley, 
•ad oau an pfoduccd in great plenty. 

' Tfala C^p«r-Mine wai d'iScovend ■■ 
bMt thiny yean aeo, by a ComiOi 
MJDcr, who in paKng over the Hill, 
■tddentally picked up a bit of Ore, an- 
vexed to lome fine Spar, which that 
Metal nfiially adheni to. On viewing 
tbe fitiiation, and confiderins the great 
hdght of the Hill, he concludeirthat 
nXausniiiiei of Copper-Ore might be 
r^ond then 1 and if that AouJd be the 

nfti no place conM be 1 ' — 

fat w-^^— ■•• ■ •-> •■- 

to fome adventurer* at ADiburn, who 
•^raring the projeA, applied to the 
then Duke of Dcronlhire (grandfather 
to Utprefint grace) for a leaJe ta learch 
for Copeieron that Hilt, liappeanby 
the moK aathAtic acctninti, (hit more 
iion )],0oo I. were tspended, befoic 
Mljr FetUtna wen made, and feveral of 
<)fa oiigtsal ad*tMureT« deTpairing af 
fliccel^ feld out their ftarei at a coa- 
fijenU* Jtnft. Bmt the fieoad mlwen- 
tmiutwtrenten Aitiaiau. AfurSnk' 
4^ «.«taft ef abmu moo /anf« dc^ 

and driving in an Adit, inuncafe qnan* 
t|iiea of C«pp« Or* were foufid, which 
continued to inaelfe, tb« locer tfaef 
defccnded, till the lermiiiatMB of tH 
leaft, by which very cooBdenUe fw 
tone* were acquired . 

About lia month! before tht deccalil 
of tbe late Duke, (father to bii pniftM 
Gkacej tha teale expired, and ihtwhola . 
nwkrukingfell into hie Gracc'chand^ 
and ha* ever fincc continued wotkidg 
to great advantage, 

.To uke a viTw of thia ftupcndoua 
Copper-Mine, yuu muft enter at an. 
Adit at the baft of the hill by the rinr 
Dove, and proceed about 460 yard*, 
almoft in a direfi line. Atyour ck- 
tranCe, for about duty yardi, 'til four 
feet and a half high, walled up on eacb 
lide with ^ood done malonry ) but af- 
tcrwardi H variet in it) height, and rifca 
in. fonc f lace* to lit feet. When ^ov 
arrive at the center, there ii a fpacioua 
lodgment of timber, for landing antf 
receiving the Uie from below, which ia 
drawn up by a man at a winch, wb% 

gencnlljr woiki naked, and it put 
lur-wheel waggon* thatwill holdx 
ton and a hiTt ench. Thefewaggona 


:M biafi wheeti, and a 
groove* thro* tbe Adit, by boy* from la 
to 14 year* of age, wiih great ^ility. 

When on the lodgment, you behold 
a large hollow over your heid, at lealt 
150 yard* high, by the fide* of which 
there i* a palTage to the fuminit, but 
danreroui to attempt, ai the timbcfi ' 
work* fecm in a decayed ftate. 

Thut far into the Mountain, with, 
the lid of lighti, 'tit eafy enough of 
acceft. Th: late Duke at Devonlhirt 
ventured to ihii platform, took a cuf- 
fory vitw of the work*, gave the mincrt 
ten guineai to drink, bet returned im- 
mediately, not choo^ng to defcend be- 
low. Indeed, fuck a horrid Eloom, 
ruchiattlingofwiggoni, naiCcofttftiVj- 
men borinaof fwi% ttm^n ^tfoilvn^ ' 
fuch exoloSotu Vu Wafting, axA tiKV ^ 
dnadral gn\fh to ^ccnd, 7t«b«X «. 

6s A Defcrjflion of the Copper Mine at E£f en-Hill. 

iire not verfed in mininf;, rare to pafs' you kn imp>rTet'raMe waTl of lime-ftone 
through. i-ock, inurfperi'cd with fmall veins of 

^■> .1 . 1 r .f 1 • . • _ r^ /^_- _ 11 1-1-1. 1 /• 

From the platform the d ilcnt is a- 
bout i6o yani::, t!uou^;l» ciifietnrlodg- 
inent^, by laddirs, io'os *, and ciols- 
piects of timbtr let into the rock^ to 
the place of aft Ion, wIhtc a now fcene, 
ten thonlhnd times more adur.iihin^r 
than th It above, prefents itfcif ; a ^ 
31$ horrible r;> vi'.w, as imagination r^n 
conceive. -On thr* j)aiTij:^i tiowrt, the 
conitant bliiltnig of ihc io(,ks, ten tii;;fl 
Jciidcr lli-Jn thi; loudeft th'jjid-w'r,'Aems 
io roii and (hrd.c the wiiolc body of the 
mouriiain. Wlitn at the bottom, ftran- 
gers aic obliged to take fisher in a 
nitch cut in the lock, to avoid the ef-» 
fefts of blafting the rocks, ns the n.l- 
ners gei.eially ^!vj a falutu of h;ilf a 
(loien blnfts, in tju'ck fnccefTion, by 
way of WiiUome to thofc d;abolical 
ii^anti jns. 

At the bcttc'ti of liiis amazlnp n'ork, 
the monllrciis i\i'. crn o\ v.cuuin : bo*. ?, 
the gbnunc irg lignt c\ caiuitts, und 
tiafty liitroc:itn-g of ni!;>!uir :ir*d 
gunpowder, ;ili toulV*^*-* **''"^">' "1^ your 
jurpiizt, and hci^htiin )our apj^ic- 

'This fingnlar Mine, in its pofitioh, 
filiation, and inclination, is dn'crcnt 
frotn any yet (lir;o\ered in Fnropc, A- 
j'la, Africa, or Anicii^a. The won- 
d^iful maf^ of Coui)LT-bre with which 
the mountain is im,>rt*gnatcd, tu-.s not 
in regular veins, oi couik-s ; but links 
perpendicular (!own, wiJtning rnd I wel- 
ling out at the bottom, in furm like 
k 'htU t. 

Su| pofe youifelf now upwards of 
idb fjtiioms dcLp in the bov\cIs of a 
large mountain, m a great hollow of 
iirmenfo diamcrer; then I'uppofc aroui.d 

.* Lobs, arc "leps ihic alccnci aivl defc.nvi 
mthia the Mincj, as flairs up anU^dowii 
ifrom a cha.^her. 

. "f* The principal C.jppcr, Load, and Tin 

WJBCs, in Corr.wcll aiKi cv.inJisifc, all di- 
red in the: I r-^uifcs f.oniihcN'. K. to hcE. 

^poinif, pjr:ti!cl to each » *her, in-iiivn.;, or 
dippin;; t » tlic Noah or Sowtli, .icco;din>; to 
ths P'^e of ttiC hill wlure they arc fji:nd. 
This la-: !in its jn oi dippin/, is r^:e'.imcs one 
/h,'>r It 1:-:, ' i;;l.f , ten, cr twc vi.", in form 
of tf-.c rojf of 'I houfc: ar.d aki-.ou^h I'.eic 
Vj-.v.n :.r cci-.uC s f>:n*.ii !.cs fiy .»lt" in all c!i- 
le.Oi'ir.'i. -inly .t> ir wei-c the f{>or:$ *^f iu- 
f'.ir?y I'lvA r&ll ;«i;iiii at a ii:t c diilan c int ) 
ucir foiin r '^arl ns . The fi;ni.* is likcwifw; 

pbf«*rvu(l is orlT^r ttiine* in En^h:Kl, Scot- 

Tl:a Co-fior- MrtKs in «nj neir the Clt- 

r>:}t>il:ii^Jl.i.> \a iluni\aiy, fup;»;.'l"evl co havo 

/. fo n'.*\i' ivffi kcJ .»: 'tidii i loo) cits, exiend, 

A//'yc/ i::jandj m fevcial f laces, to, la. 

Copper- Ore, yellow, black, and fome 
brown, intermixt with Spar, Mircafite, 
■ Mundic, and other fulphuieous com- 
pol'itions:, of all colours-^ ai)d at the 
fame time figure to yt^iirlelf the footy 
Complexions of tlic miners, *thcir labour, 
and miferable way of living in thofe fub- 
terraneous regions, and you will then be 
apt to fancy yourlclf in another world. 
Yef tht/fe inhalTitants, being trained 
up in darknefs aiid Aavtry, are not per- 

and 15 Engliih mil6s in length, employing 
{tt^ncraily 4000 miners under-ground, befides 
tnofe of ail ages and fe>:e« above. Their . 
veir.^, or foifffirs, all direA from the N. 10 
ihc £. fioiut, iiiciining or dippiiig generally. 
ont* firmt in ten, fome more, fome left. 
Som.^ of t!:cfc niint^s are f om 300 to 400 
falvm^ Jeep : the ftrafb- ire all timbered 
witli ,n A'. fi^;M t \o0t of Pine, laid one up- 
0:1 ai.Thcr, ind. pinned together Mki^h Oal( 
trnncK; (his me h^M is ^tons^r and mote 
hr.'- ;: th.^n ; Ufkini:;, wHTch is ul'uaiy done 
hi f )mo jnir.cs :n "Knijiapd. 

The Sttver iMines at i^icihfcrs In Saxooy^ 
urw:ird. of ••^or Kn;jlifti fathom deep, fup- 
pikd to lidvi* l-icen diii:oT>;red in ih'ry;»at 
1 180, and continued ever lini.e, fiom whence 
immenie qaar^iiiisof Silvci h4vcl>ecn ^oc- 
ton, cx'CkI 10 % gnat lei.gth under prLur^d, 
for m.iT y mi'cs, in the diiLclion ficm the 
N> to ihci E. points; at diflercni times Hj- 
\n\: 'fv .\ix\ Acrols fr^m N' \V. to W.S. W. 
and back to the S. E. hut iot»n return to their 
farmer 'a* I(»n, inil-.iing, or dipping, to the 
Nor'h ; thon pc perdicularfoi a Ul\v fathoms, 
till they jti offagain 10 their naiuial Hoping 

In thofe fajiijus "Mir.js of Silver, Copper, 
I.ead, and 1 m, wlii':h arr in furh plenty, 
and from whence fuch incrcd'hl j quan iiiet 
of liivcr have, ard ItilJ Hre iinpo.ud from 
the vsfl tmpi.csof Chili and Ptru, in New 
J'pain, 01 South America, which cx.cnd a» foriy decrees cf louih Iniirude j in all 
• thtife mines vvhich hare been formerly 
wrought by the an'ient Indians, or difcover* 
ed and rcntinucd hy the Spaniard*, tiic prin- 
cipal reins run fiom Eaft nonhe ly, to Weit 
f oihiit y, and in the northern part of thf 
n)Oum:iins, cUp, or irciin'.- to the North ; 
th«fe that are on tlic fouihern fide of the 
mt*untains, dip, or incline to ih.- South, after 
a floplng pofition,.«nd keep ihj fame di- 
reiii* n*. Thef.:arg always eHcerred by the 
mort judicious a. id fcniibleSpinilh miners, as 
the ricijcll and most vaJujh.'e muics ; whilft 
the oih,.rs, which arc iome irucs found to 
jet^jir, or crofi th.? gr.^nd courfe%. are fcarce 
w<?Trh Labour. 7h. moie inclinil'lc to the 
noftbward cf the: Eaft, fo much mt-re valuable 
do/fhey turn cm in woikin;^. iMa- y oihcr 
inflanccs mi;;ht be produced to provj the 
general p.-fii:r»ns of Mires dii!>re;t fiom this 
a^ Ea^n we are now defchbinc, which is the 
more woudeifuV «nd iui^mw^'^,. 

A, t>efcriptioH $f the Copptt Mne at kBoH-SiU. ^ f 

ii3i|» tefs ha|»|qr»,'or;Hfs*eontcnted> tlnn largie Inunmcrs, or fM^, are emplov- 

thoTe who poiMi the "more flatterin|f. 
dijoymentsofiight and liberty*. Hence 
the wifdom of providence is conipicOous» 
Whicb^ z^Pop^ £iys» has placed iafpweft 
m tobtrt fa be boMy pr every nuberi. 

There ir no timber majde uie of^ e^ - 
cfot for lodgmentty or piatforms, lad- 
deft, or ftcM fet into the rocks, lor af- 
OUidiBg alia defcending into the Mih^s 
neither is there any quantity of water 
to retard the wqrks, notwithftanding it 
itat leaft 159 yards belOw the bed of 
the rff er : four horfes, fix hoars eaiph 
at a common Wem or Enzine, are Tuf- 
ficient to keep the Mine clear. 

The timber- wofks hbout the Mine 

ed to break it into fmall pieces.' 
dqn^f it is canied' in fmall hand-bar^ 
rows» by little boys, to a place under «- 
Ihedy erected on purpofe, to lie picked: 
.and forted, and is then laid by to dif^ 
ferent parcels, beft, fecond^ and Worft| 
this operation is performed by*Jittle giHf ' 
from eight to twelve years #f*age, who' 
are furprizingly quick at the wtu^e^ f^pa4 
rating the Yarious kinds with «ftonilhuiy . 
deJttcrity. From this piace, tboOre^is- 
carried to another large and cbnvenient 
(hed, where about fifty vromcn fit back 
to back, on benches, xi bue^ or besi- 
it with fiat hslmmers, ftill keeping- evcrf* 
particular ibrt feparate firom each othi^* 

are vexr ill contrived and worfe exera- : The Ore, now rrauced^o a fmaU ihtid»' 
ted. in defcending from the principal is a^n removed t^ the Buddies,' for 

lodgment ypu pafs thirty ladders, fom^ 
hgUf brok«i,i bthera not half ftaved; 
im ibme j^es by half-cut noches, or 
Aepo in tlM- Mclfs 4a 'others you mnft 
afanoft Hide on your brtech, and often 
iftimounfint danger of tumbling tiopfy*. 
tnrvy into the Mine ; hbr are the ihores 
whicA fopppit thlB lodgment below in 
bcttM". condition. 

Notwithftanding the great depth df 
this Mine, (whichls ^e deepeft in Great 

wafiimg, where an old experiencedCori' >. 
njfli roan has the ruperintendency of i^ 
as a great deal of the fineftOre^wmilii> 
be loB, if this operation is not properly 
performed. Here then it isc«irioaflywiA> 
ed and cleanied, and afterwiuiibexpeiRi'* 
for fale iii the open air, in varidvslMii|ft^ 
ticketedf according- to the differentquk<> 
lilies and (][uantities. When aU is readf^ * 
notice is given to the Smelting-hoifftt^ 
wbofe proprietors, or managers attenii* 

Britain) a little eatpence, judiciouily -and each bids whut price he thinks pro^ . 
applied, would render the approaches per, (generally from ^1. to 1 61. per 

to the lowermofi: part, eaiy to the mi* 
ners j but however troublefome the de- 
cent may be, above fixty ftout, well- 
made fellows, work here night and day, 
^ holirs at a time, for one ihiUiiSg 
icach man ; and altho* the major part 
wotk nak^, (a pair of coarfe canvas 
drawers excepted^ they are as merry 
aiid jovial a iet ot mortals, as ever in- 
habited fach infernal abodes.-«>So mbch 
for the internal parts $ we now come to 
the methods of drelfing, «lean&ng, and 
fitting the Ore for fale. 

The Ore, as before obferved, whien 

ton) the highefb bidder beitog the buyers 
\i is then fetched away at the buyer^h ' 
expence. The refufe. part of the Ore; 
which is not lit for (ale, is beat down 
fmall, and carried to the Smehing-houfo 
oil the premifes, erefled by his Grace^ 
and there run intd a Regiuus, in largo 
pigs or bars, and is then fold from 70 U 
to 90]. per ton. Upon thfe whole, no* 
thing is loft. 

Tne great advantage to the country 
round, arifes from the number of handi 
eqiployed, and the circulation of be^ 
tween three and four thoufand pounda 

conveyed out by the b«ys, is thrown in cafli annuallT^ in a place poor nA 
together in a heap, and tWo men with thinly inbabitea before this Mine wai 

'*-It 4s iuppofed there' are no lei^ than 
40,000 vrorking miners daily under-ground 
in the Tin mines in Cornwall ; and perhaps 
af msny, if not more, io other works of Cop- 
per, Lesd. and Coal, in Great Brlcain. They 
reckon sbove 300,000 mjAers in Sweden^ 

JGermany, Hungary, SwiczerlandyCariiuhis^ 
Camiob, and other parts of £uro);>e. And 
if'we add the many tho.ifands employed in 
the rai ions mines b^ South Ajnerica, Indians, 
i^l^groes,' and'>Vhite Criminals^ who' are 

. doomed to eternal darkuefs below^, over and 
afiore thofe employiM ^bovc ground, we may 
modeitly sdmk fome miUions cf ibulsj whofe 
bieid depends on'chis labor.ous employ m<;QC, 
•ad tr£iere likanxfbatikpdi Jive stnd di«, yKlxk' 
j^gf eter^d^ the If0b( gf the fyo^ 

difcovered, bi^t now quite improv«tfi 
and more than 500 men, women, ami 
children employed winter and fununer^ 
who have propet overfeers for every 
department, where every thing goes on 
with the iitmoil harmony and chear* 

The Mtnery, as before hinted, wmi: 
at two pence per hour, fix houia at 
it time; women, by uflc, earn from 
four-pence to eight-pence a day, and 

t Ticketing the Ore, is caking a couple 
andfuls olFa heap of Ore promifcuoufly, 
and puling them tntocanva%^^^V]>KV| c^ 
faniple *, then \\u\e Va\ye)i\ a>\« %m^ \n ^^ 
btgt| figpif YUk^ VU <^i&^ Ql ^v:V ^^v:fiX 


Cenulne Aneciotes i>f Celebrated fFriters^ t^t^ 

MTC paid by meafure, according to ttie 
quantity of Ore they can buck • : girls 
and boysy from two-pence to four- 
pence a day, fonte more : thtis there is 
a conftant employment for both fexe s, 
and all agesj from ^y/t to fixty years 
<dd. Th« Carpenter^f (hop, the Smithes 
forgey the Cooperage^ with the neat 
dwelling-houfes of the Aiperintendants, 
little kitchen gardens and out-houfes an- 
nexed, are all Angular in their kind, and 
iMppily adapted to make life agieeable 
Sn that folitary place, which lies between 
two monftrous ntUs, feparated at Icaft 
two miles from any other inhabitants. 

This Copper- Mi ne, in the ftate above 
^efcribed, mars annually between 8 
amd i6,obol. and if worked with that 
fpirit which ufually accompanies large 
returns, double that fum mig^t be made 
oftt$ but his Grace, itfeenis, is con- 
tent that it employs all the labouiihg 
MMT Mrho ^Mrefent themfelVes for work| 
from the ndghbourii^g parifhes. 

Ob tht bppofite fidr of Eflon-Hill is 
a Lead Mine, which is likely to turn 
cmt to great advauta,<^e ; tlie veins of 
I#eid approaching very nt^ar to the Cop- 
per $ and they are difiving in an Adit, 
parallel to the other. 

Thus have I given a faint idea of 
tbit valuable Copper- Mine; a perfefl 
cieicripcion> I am fcniihle, would re- 

Jiuire a nnuch abler hind. A draught, 
e^ion,- and perfpe6tive view of itr in- 
ternal parts are much wanted, tirings 
conftaotly iVipplted by the tngtniious 
Germans and Hung^iians* <v]io deiine- ' 
ate te a proper icale^ every Shaft, Stade, 
Groove, and Gourfe of the veins throu^- 
oiit the Mine, together with a defcrip- ' 
tion and narrafive of their difcoveries, 
tb« appearances, and various ftratas cut 
through in finking down, and in driv- 
ing their Ad'tsv This niethod would, 
I muft. own^ ferve as a future guide to 
ether difeovcries, and a faving of large 
Aims to Mine-Adventurers, many of 
whom expend confiderable fortunes, 
without the Icaft. rational fign or com- 
panion to Minerals, being led (tbrough 
a miftaken zeal) into airy fchemes of 
that nature, by tlte over-^rfniafion of 
ignorant, yet cunning, and defigning 
Men. William EFFionD. 

* To *ack, or Cuckwmk ihft Ort, i« a 
techulciil cetm aniongrt MincM, for betting 
cr redur.inR the Ore tt) a fmill Sand j fome- 
iiincs when tlie Ore U wry rich, it is onTy 
broken into pieces al*v>iit the brr,r.rfs of a nut- 
iRcj; ; but pwor Oaz is broken fmall, with flit 
h4rtimt^s, or under StAm/An/;'n7)]L ere^lefl 
/-// purpnfc^ vk{» :kere i' e cjcyanteacc of 

Ginuine Antctiotes, ne<uer before put*- 
lijbed, of the late Prince of U^aUs^ 
Lord Oxfordy Dean ParneUe, Mr 
Popey Mr TeMoiiy Mr Congre^e^ Mr 
Ro'Vce, Sir Richard Steele', Sir John 
Vambrughy Dr fouftg, and Mr Hocke. 

THE late Queen Caroline declared her 
intention of honouring Mr. Pope with 
a yitit at Twitenham.. His mother was thea 
alive ; and left the vifit ibouUl give her pain| 
on account of the danger his religious prin- 
ctpies might incur by an intimacy with the 
cmirt, his piety made him, with gireat duty 
add humHity, b«g thit he might decline this 
honour. Some years atrer, hi« mother be- ' 
lag then dead, the' Prince of Wales conde- 
focnded to do him the honour Of a vifit i 
When M' Pope met him at the water- fide, 
he exprefil'd his fenfe of the honour done 
him in veiy proper terms, joined with the 
moit dutiful expreffions of attachment. Oe 
which the Prince laid " It is very well ^ 
but how ihali we reconcile your love to a 
Frince, with your profefled indifpofiuon ca 
Kings : fince Princes will be Kings in time }" 
" Sir, replied Pope, I confider royalty un- 
der that noble and authorifed type of the 
Liun? wliilc he is young and before his 
naiis arc grown, he may be approached, and 
carefTcd with fafety and plesfiire.' 

Lord Oxford, as a minifter, was negligent, 
if we m^y beiieve what lord Botingbr*ke 
ufcd to fay to his friends. He addud like- 
wife, that Oxford was, in converfation, 
puzzled and embainUTed; and^ upon the 
wbole, unequal to his ftatioo. It was his 
w\>nt, every day almoft, to ferid idle ver£et 
from court to t}>e Scrib erus club, which con* 
fifted of Swift, Arbutfanot, Parnelle, Pope, 
aird fometime^ Gay. He was ilkcwife uTed 
to t'rc^ the club every night almoft, and 
would talk idly-, even on the crifii of the 
moft important concerns. 

Envy itfelf, however, muft allow that 
this nobleman difplayed a moft manly for^ 
titude during thecourfe of his adverfity. 

When Parnelle had been introduced by 
Swift CO lord treaCuner Oxford, and had been 
cftabiifiied in his favour by the aififtance of , 
P6pe, he ibon began to entertain ambiiiouf . 
views. The walk he chofe to (hine in was 
popu'ar ftrcackin^: he had talents for it, and 
began to be diftinguiihed in the mob- places 
of Southwark and Li-ndoh^ when the Queen's 
fuddea death deftroyed all hi^ prof ped», and 
at a jundure when famed preaching was the 
readieft road to preferment. This fatal 
ftroke broke his fplrits ; he cook to drink* 
ing, became a fot, and ibon finifiied hit 

Hit friend, iPehton, had the like ill hap.— ■ 
Mr Pope hifd a great intimacy with Craggs 
the Younger, when the latter was minifter 
of ftatc. Craggs had received a bad and 
taegleded educationv He bad great paru : 
and partly out of (hainelbr want of literature, 
and partly out of a fenfe of it& uCe, be^tv<i 
long before bR uwb^V^^^ "^Ci^V, ^xA\it^ 

Gtm^ne jhecietes of CeUhatei Writers^ (^C 63 

Mr ffBfft*lbrmbauDeixi to Urn a nfxfefty 
BQg«ii«M9, n4 lunwd young man. whom 
te nighc 9fce mo Kb iMmfe, to tkl tnd io- 
4ittft bim in chffieal ftttnii^. Mr Pbj»e 
ttamuaeuicd FenKMLj. %bA was ib taken in, 
aad ittiwend alt che miniitci cxptAed from 
lam ; lb ihac Pemoa had gained much of 
bitiaTOar, and of covhrie Aoaght hb fonune 
■ade^ wben dM CaiiU'itn Irizcd tfe mi- 
^itcr, «nd.|MC an end to aU Famon's bopat; 

Mr Fop^ eAcemed Congreve for tbe rtian- 
■tn of a gtncieman and a mas of honoaVy 
wdchelaeetofthepoedc tribe. Hetboa|riic 
■fKhiag, wamlng in hia, comfdiet, but tb* 
tepiirJijr aq^ truth of nature, 

. fUmc^'in Mr Pope't opinbn, maintained 
» decsat cb ^raaer, but had po heart. Mr 
Addifbn vaa juftly offended with him for 
Ibme bebiTioar %vbich aiufo from that w^nt, 
and eftianged bim(e|f from him ; whlc^ 
jUnwcfeltTery fererel^, Mr Pope, cdcU 
commoo liriexxl, knowing this, took an op- 
pjftnnity, at Ibme jundure of Mr Addifon'a 
wvancemtec*, co cell bfm how poor Ruw^ 
wtt griered at bis difpleafure, and what £1- 
tiiiiftioa be exprefled at Mr Addifon> 
good fofftiBe ; wUch be expreCxl fo natn* 
lalljy diac be (Mr Pope) could not but 
chink bim fiocere. Mr Addifoif replied, I 
do BQC Ibfped that be feign^; but the lei- 
Tyiyaf bb bean b fuch, that he if ftnick 
i|ritb any new adventure, and it would affeft 
him juA in the Un\^ manner, if he beard I 
vaa griibig to be hanged.- Mr Pope fayl, 
be could not denj but Mr Addifon under- 
ftood Rowe well. 

Mr Pope ufed to fay of Steele, that cho' 
he led a very carelefi and vicious life, ye( 
he, neverthelels, bad a real love and reve- 
rence for virtue. 

Swift had taken a dillike (^rithout knpw* 
ipg him} to Vanbrugh, an$l fa( irizcd hjm fe- 
ytrtiy m two or three poems, which dif- 

fleaftd Mr Pope j and he rtfmonftrated with 
is friend en this occa6an. Swift faid, he 
tbooght Vanbrugh a coxcomb and a puppy ; 
tbe other replied, you have not the l^aft ac- 
qoaintance with, or perfonal knowledge of 
bim :— Vanbrugh U the reveriie of all ihis, 
and the moit eafy carelefs writer and com- 
panion in the world. This, at he a^ured 
an intimate friend, was true, He added, 
that Vanbnigh wrote and built juft at hit 
^ocjrledhim,oru thofe he built (or and wrote 
ibrdire^ledhimi Ifwhathedidpteafedthem, 
be gamed bit end | if it di^leafed them, 
they Bight ibaadt themfelvet. He pretend* 
cd to no high Iciemiic knowledge m t^ art 
of buiMiogs and he wrote wiihcwit much at- 
teocioo to critical arc. Speaking with Mr 

Pope of the Fables in the comedy of ^fbp, . ^ 

the latter laid to him. Prior b calfe^ the, ' fappon, be broke through all his cn};'pc<' 
Saglilh Foondac, for bb tales; notbiog b ' mentt. and in the depth of winter, and ill 

"*— "•-1.-- 1- •- t yftjM, flew to hit affiftance. On his com* 

' i^g, the DucbieCi fccured to Mr Hookn 
' 5000I. and by that a^aot attached bim 
f CQ hpr fervjce S>V fooa. «ft'<(' ^0 look 

Mr Pope thought Dr Towc bad mucknf 
a fublime fitniua^ though vithuat oommoii 
ftnfe J fo that hit geniut, baviAg no guadtt« 
wa* frrpetually Ibble to degenerate inta 
bcmbait. .Thb mbde him paft a fooKAi 
youth, tbd fpo]rc of pecn and poett. Bu^ 
hb htfving a very good heart, enabled hja 
to fappcrt the clerical charaAer Hvhen be af« 
fumed ir, fyit with decency^ and afterwaxd 
whh honour. 

The want of reafhnable jdeu b tUa k- 
genious writer, |b piMnant with iBMgination^ 
occafioncJ the fame jbfonce.and diftraAiiA 
in company, which baa fre^ntly.been ^ 
fcrved to beC|l philo(it>>'hicnien,tbioug|itbt 
abundance of thcirt. But bb abftnce beia|| 
on that account attended whh Buch abftir* 
dity^ it was not on|y excfjfeijy M enjoyedf 
'ffe gave, tbroughoat bit life, many won* 
dcrful examplet of thit turn, or rather debi* 
lity of mind j of which one will fufiBce. 
>yi)en be had determiped to go Imo orderif 
he addreftd himfelf, like an honeft man* 
for the beft direAiont in the ftudy of theo- 
logy. But to whom did be apply ? It may^ 
perhapt, he thought, to Sherlock or Atcer* 
bury s to Burnet or Hare. NoftpMr Popes 
who, b a youthlbl fiolbk, fecomnumded 
Tbomat Aquioat to bbi. With thb iiea- 
fure be retired, m oider to he fiee from b* 
Crmiption, taanobicure place in the fut> 
prbi. Hit dire^^or hearing no more of hiia 
in fix months, and apprehending he mighr 
have parried che jeft too far, fought aftef 
bim, and found him out juft in time co pref 
vent an irretrievable derangemept. 

Mr HoQk iecms to hare pofleQed no fmalf 
ihareoiMr Pope's efteem and f»iend(hip^ 
His fQiicitude co do him fervice, is ftronglj 
ejceinplified in the following anecdote. 

' The firft Ducheft of Marlbo}rough waf 
' dcfirous of baring an account of her piAltc 
' conJud given to the world. Thb Mf 
^ Hooke, a Roman Catholic, in the myftld 
* yr^f, and compilor of the Roman Hidory^ 
' was, by Mr Pope and others, recommend* 
' ed co her Grace, as a proper pcifontif 
^ draw up this Axomt, under her iafpeOiont 

and by the afliftanceof the papers ibe ooa^ 

' would do nothing till Mf Po^ caine ip 
' hqr, whofe company flie then ^ag^t al| 
f opfMmunities to procure, and. wft uneafjr 
'* to be without it. He was at that tiirp 

* with ibme friends, whom hewat unwilling 
' to part with, a hundred mflet did int. Bi{C 
^ ^t MrHooke't earneft folicitation, when 

* Mr P^>pe found hii pref^nce fo ellbmialty 
' concerned his fiend's inteieft and ru:ui% 

9K>re unlike. Bat your FsSies have tbe lerj 
Ipiric of tbb ceiebrated French poet^— -It 
Wj be fiiy leptied Vanfanigb ; but,' I pro* 
li&(f J<Nrt 1 9fm mi FpK}lB^'« F^. 

64. Befcription $f the Horns of an unkno'Uin Animal 

' occafion, as was ufual with her, to quanel 
• wiih him. 

* Her er'Ty turn by violence purfu'd, 

* Not more a y/orm her hate 'MznfjatitaJe,* 

Thui Mr Hooke reprcfcntt-d the matter. 
The tnfonjhf gave of her fuddcn diflikc to 
him, \va5 his attempt to pervert her to po- 
Dcry. ^ This is not without proHabJIity :-for 
lie finding her Grace (as appears from the 
Account of hit CcnduB) without a;iy religion, 
might think it an adt of op ccmmon cha ity 
CO cire her his own. 

The above piniculars are fele6led from 
<he Life of Mr Pope, compiled by Owen 
RufThead, Cfq; from original M.S.S. which 
he had the honour to be cntru^ed with by 
that reverend and leatncd prelate, the Bi- 
Ihop of GlouCefter. 

Defcnption 0/ a Pair of Horns, of an 
extraordinary fi'z.e and Jhape, by the 
late Sir Hans Sloane, Bart, Frcfi- . 
dent of tbe Rcjal Society, 

SIR Hans fays, that many years ago, 
Mr Doily, a per/bn of groat curio- 
fity, and the inventor of a (luff diftin- 
guiHied by his name, met with thefe 
Horns in a cellar, or workhoufe, in 
Wsppiiig, where they had lain fo long, 
as to be much damngcd and woriii- 
eatcn in many parr* of tiicir furfacc. 
Mr Duily purchafed them, but coultl 
get no information from whence they 
caiiic, nor when ihcy >vcrc brought 
thither. In fuvcral particulars they 
Iboic a rcfemblance of Gonts horns, 
which made m:»nv concluvle them to be 
of an animal of^ that fpecits, tbonal^ 
as much differing from the common 
Coat in fize, as the Moofe-dcer frorn 
the ordinary one. The Royal Society 
leaving been informed of this matt«.r, 
Mr ilant, their operator, took a draw* 
ing of them, and Mr Hooke read a 
paper upon it, at one of the Society's 
meetings, who apprehended them to be 
the borns of the Sutcotyro, as the Chi- 
ntfe call it, or Sxcotarioy a very large 
i>eaft, and of a very lingular figure. 

Nieuhoff mentions fuch a one, in his 
Travels to Eaft India, and gives the 
following defciiptlon of it. 

' It is, fays he, as big as a large ox ; 

* its nofe fomewhat like that of a hog, 

* with long rough ears, and a thick 
.* brui(Iiy tail; the eyes ftand perpcn* 

* dicular in tbe head, quite different 
.* from their portion in any other qua* 
' drupde ; from cither fide of the heady 

* and very near the eyes, growt out .a 
.' long horn, orrather a (liflc, notcjuitte 

< Co thick as that of the elephant. The 

* creature feeds on graf*s, and it is very 
' feJdom that U cmo be taken/ 

Many went to fee thcfe horns at Mr 
Doily's, but he would not part with 
them for any money; however, fome 
time after, upon Sir Hans's attending 
him under fome diforder, Mr Doily 
made him a pref'ent of them. 

They are pretty ftrcight to a conQ- 
derabic diltance from the bafe, and then ■ 
incurvatiog, they at lad terminate in- 
fenfibly in a point. They are not quite - 
round, but a little flat, with crofs un- 
dula^ channels or fuirows. They 
are pot both exaf^ly of the fame fize : 
Sir Hans, upon mcafurins one of them, 
(F/g, I.) along its out-iide, from the 
point A of its bale A B, to its point D, 
found the length A C D fix feet fix in- 
ches and a half j and from B to D, 
meafuring on a ftrcight line, four feet 
five inches and one-fixth. The dia- 
meter of the bafe A B, was fix inches 
and three quarters ; the circumference 
17 inches. It weighed iilb. loOz, 
and held five quarts of water in its hol- 
low. In the other, (Fi^, II.) the cur- 
vature A C D was fix feet four inches^ 
the line BD 4 feet 7 inches, the di- 
ameter of the bafe A B feven inches, 
and its circumference one foot eight 
inches: this weighed ti lb. 13 O2. and 
a half, and held in the hollow no moie 
than foiu" quarts ajnd a pint of water; 
though it would- have contained more, 
fiad it not been much confumed at the 
bafe by worms. 

A Captain of an Eaft-India-man up- 
on viewing thefc horns, told Sir Hans, 
tliat he had taken notice of a inrf^c fpe- 
cic$ of Oxen in the Indies, with the 
like horns. And Sir Hnns incliued, 
for feveral reafons, to believe thtm the 
horns of fuch cattle, to be met with in 
Ethiopia, and other inland countries of 
Africa, defcribed by Icvcral ?ncient 
writers, which have paflcd unnotictd 
by mofl of the moderns ; and gives lb 
many reafons in fup^iort of his opinion, 
from fuch a number of citations, as 
would greatly exceed our limits to recite. 

His final conie6Vure is, that the crea- 
tuce to which inefe horns did belongs 
inhabits fome middle part of Africa, 
where very few travellers have yet pe- 
netrated ; And that at the time that the 
Englifh carried on a great trade at Or* 
fnus, they might, with other merchan«> 
dize, be brought thither, and afterwards 
fent to England by fome curious col- 
lector of natural productions. 

•^* TbtAeeount ondExpkmmtion oj Fig* 
3d, and, in ibis Plate, throt^ 
em unexfe3ed Accident^ mtift be de- 
ftrni M •ur nc9ct« ^ 


' . 

lew cf tU prifini JJminiflrfitiM, 


famt k^9 if tMc^fmri be}oad tbi 
^mjtf9T$ fibmUUd to ihi m/^Mon of 

THE fabmifliQii of a {tet people 
to theexccutive authority of go- 
yernmeiit is bo norr than A compli- 
aacc with Uwt^ iphicli (hey themf«lvet 
kave enadcd. While the nationsd 
honour it firmly maintained 'abroad^ 
^}d w>ile juAice it impartially adm^ 

multitQdf , io all conntrief , are paiien^ 
to a cenatn point* HI ufage may 
rouze their iudiijnation» aruT hyrnf 
them into exce{!ei, but t|i« original 
faultitin goverameRt* Perhaps rhere 
never was an inAance of a change. Ity 
thecircumftances and temper of a w^ote 
nation^ fo fudden an^ extraordinary 
aK that which cfie mifconduci' of fx|^nf« 
fters hatt within theft verv few yeart^ 
prodaced in Great Briuin. Whci| 
our graddut iovereign afcendecl th^ 

A^hnd at home, the obedience of tlirone, we were a flouridung and con 
Uie fubieA will tie voluntary, chearful, tdoted people. If the perfonaf ifirtqef 

and I might almoft fay unlimited* 
A generous nation is grateful eyen tit 
f(e prefervation ' of it*t rigbtt, and 
mlingly extends the refpe^ due to the 
jMfice of a good prince into an affet^ 
tion Am* hit periiDii. It naturally ^It 
ttt with resentment to fee fuch a tern- 
iin infuited or abufed^ In reading 
the hiftory of a free people, whole 
lights have been invaded, we are in* 
]tereQ»4 '^^ ^^'^ caufe. Our own feel-? 
agr tell us how long they ought to 
have fubmitt^l, and at what moment 
it would have been treachery to them- 
Ufet not to have reiifted. How much 
warmer will be ouV reientment if ex- 
perience (hould bring the fatal exam- 
ple home to ourfelves. 

T^e fituation of this country is 
farming enough to rouze the atten- 
tion of every map, who pretends to a 
concern for the public welfare. Ap^ 
pearances ju^fy fufpicion, and when 
the fafcty of a nation iiT at ftake, rur«> 
mcion is a |uft ground of enquiry. 
Let us enter into it with candpur and 
decen^. Refpe^ is due to the ftation 
ofminiftersi and, ifarefolutioh muft 
at iaft be taken, there is nonefo likely 
to be fupported with firmnefs; as that 
which has been adopted with mode- 

The ruin or profperity of a ftate 
depends fo much upo^ the adminiftra* 
tion of its government, that to be ac- 
quainted with the'hierit of a miniftry, 
we need only obferve the condition Of 
the people. If we fee them obedient 
to the ]awS| profperous in their Induf- 
>ry, united at home, and refpedted a- 
broad, we may reafonably prefume 
that their affairs are conducled by 
inen of experience, abilities^and Yirtue. 
If, bn the contrary, we fee an umverfal 
ijptrit of diftruft and diflfatisfadlion, a 
rapid decay of trade, diJentions in all 
parts of the empire^ and a total Idls of 
.reijpea in the eyes of foreign powers, 
we may pronounce, without hefitation, 
«that the MVemmenfc of that country 
it weak|diftraaed, and corrupt. The 
(G^. Udig, Tb$» ifSps) 

of a king coold have infurcd the hap* 
pineft of^hit fubiedsi the (bepe eooid 
not have altered fo entirely at it haa 
done. ^ Theidea of uniting all parties 
of trymg all charaaers, end of diFf 
tribiiting the ofRces of itate.b^ rota- 
tion, was grapcious and benevolent to 
^n extreme, thouj?h it has not yet pro« 
duced the many ulutary tffc&B, whicli 
was intended by it. To fay nothing 
of the wifdom of fuch a planj it un« 
doubtedly arofe from an unbounded 
gqodneit of heart, in which tolly had 
ho (hare. Unfortunately for us, the 
event hat n6t been anrwerc^ble to the 
deiign. After a rapid luccelfion of 
changes, we are rediicctl to that ftate^ 
which hardly any ch^ngp can mendi 
Yet there is no extremity of diltrefs* 
which of itfelf ought to r9du<;i( a gr^at 
nation to defpair. 

Without much political fagacity, Of 
any extraordinary depth of obfcrva* 
tion, we need only mnrk how the 
prihcipil departipenti of the ftate are 
beffowed, and look no farther for thq 
trui caufe of every mifchief th^t bc^ 
tails us. 

The finances of a nation, Tiiking 
t|nder its debts aiidexpences^ are com- 
mited to a young nobleman already 
ruined by play. Introduced to a6|; • 

under the aufpiccs of Lord C ?.m| 

and left at the head of alfairs by that 
nobleman's reti*eai, he became ni'mi; 
ftcr by accident; but dtfjjrting th^ 
principles and profeiTiont, which gav# 
nLn a moroent^s popularity, we fei' 
him, from every honourable engage- 
ment to the public, an apellate by de« 
fign. As for bufiucT?, the worla yei 
knows nothing of his talents or refo* 
lution ) unlefs 1 wayward, wayeriog 
inconlilkency be a mark ot-gcnius, an I 
caprice a cfcnionftration ot fpirit, 'It 
may be faid, perhaps, that iris h»« 
grace's province, a« forely it i« Ina 
paifion, rather to diliribiKe than (o 
fave the public money, and that while 

Lord N is C -r of I he L-*--i-, 

Ihe firli lord of ^hc X«— ^ u\9.^ V\*i 



A Review of the prefent Adminijlration. 

afTeflioif to their commoii^^iintirjr. 
When Mr Grenville was pUced Vthe 

head of the T -y, he felt the im- 

pofiibility of Great Britain*^ fupp^rt- 

thoughtle's and extriva^!»nt as he 
pteafes. I hope hoMrev^ r he will not 
rely too much on the feifility of Loid 
N" '\ genius for finance. His lord- 
(hip is yet to give us the fiift prcof of 
his abilities: It may he randi'l to fup- 
pdfe that he has hiihcito, vo'untariiy, 
concealed his talents j i •'ending per- 
haps to sift oni III the wtuM, when we 
leall expert it, with a kno\^lt:dge of 
trade, a choice of expedients, and a 
depth of refourccs, equal to the ne- 
cefiities, and far beyond tlia hopes of 
bts country. He mult xso^ exert the 
whole power* of his capacity, if he 
would wifh us to forget, time fince he 
has been in office, no plan has been 
tormed, no fyttcm a<lhcred to, nor any 
one important meafure adopttd for the 
relief of public credit. If his plan tor 
the fervicc of the current year be not 
irrevocably fixed on, let me warn him 
to think ferioully of confequences be- 
fore he ventures to increafe the public 
debt. Outraged and opprelTed as we 
are, this nation will not bear, after a 
iix years peace, to fee new millions 
borrowed, without an eventual dimi- 
nution of debt, or redu'iiion of intcrcft. 
The attempt might rouze a fpirit of 
refentmcnr, which might reach beyond 
the facrifice of a mimtter. As to the 
debt upon the civil liit, the people of 
England txpe£l that it will not be paid 
without a III i6^ inquiry how it was in- 
curred. If it muit he paid by parlia- 
ment, let me advife the C r of the 

E-— r to think of fome better expe- 
dient than a lottery. To fuppori an 
cxpenfive war, or m circumltances of 
ahfolute necclfity, a lotteiy may per- 
haps ht allowable { bur, beOdes that 
it U at all times the very wo'ft way 
o^ r^inn'o; ntoney upon »be people, I 
think it i!i becomes the K~l dignity 

to iMvf the dcb:s of a provided 

for, i^ke the repairs of a country bridge 
or a decayed l.o^pital. The iDanage- 

,tiient of the K — 's atfairsin the H ^ 

of C cannot be mo>c dtfgraced 

than it has been. A leadiifg minilter 
repeatedly called down for abfolutc 
ignorance J— ridiculous n^otions lidi- 
culoudy withdrawn j — deliberate plana 
di (concerted, and a week's preparation 
of graceful oratory lolt in a moment, 
p[ive us fome, though not an adequate 

idea of lord N 's parliamentary 

abilities and influence. Yet before he 
>ad the misfortune to be C-<;— r of 

the E r, he was neither an oojeft 

of derifion to his enemies, nor of me* 
Itocholy pity to his friends. 

A leries of inconfiftent meafures had 
alienated the colonies fron^. their duty 
m fabjfiSts, Mttd froia ikcir naturd 

ing fucu an eltablifhment as her for- 
mer fuccelTes had made indifpenfible, 
and ;»t tne fame time of giving any 
fenfihle relief to foreign trade and to 
tl»e weight of the public debt. He 
thought it equitable that thqfe parts 
of the empire, which had benefited 
mo(l by the fuccefs of the war, (hould 
contribute fomething to the expences 
of the peace, and be had no doubt of 
the conftitutional right vefled in par- 
liament to raife that contribution. 
But unfortunately for this country, 
Mr Grenville was at any rate to be 
diftrefled becaufe he was minWter, and 
Mr P — t and lord C — ^— n were to 
be the patrons of America, becaufe 
they were in oppofition. Their de- 
clarations gave fpirit and argun^nt 
to the colonies, and while perhaps they 
meant no more than the ruin of a mi- 
niller, they in effcft divided one half 
of the empire from the other. 

Under one admipif^ration the ftamp 
a^ is made, under the fecond it is re- 
pealed, under the third, in fpite of all 
experience, a new mode of taxing the 
colonies is invented, and a queftion re- 
vived which ought to have been buried 
in oblivion. In thefe circumdances a 
new oRiceiseftablifhed for the bufinefiB 
of the plantations and the Earl of 
H— — h called forth, at a molt cri- 
tica,! feafbn, to govern America. The 
choice at leal! announced to us a mati 
of fuperior capacity and knowledge. 
Whether he be fo or not, let (lis dif- 
patche:} as far as they have appeared, 
let his meafures as far as they have 
operated, determine. In the former 
we have feen Itrong aflcrtions without 
proof, declamation without argument^ 
knd violent cenfures without dignity 
or ntodei ation j but neither correttneft 
i\\ the compofition, nor judgment in 
the defign. As for his mealures, let 
it be remembered that he was called 
upon to conciliate and unite ; and that 
when he entered into office, the moft 
rcfraftory of the colonies were ftill 
difpofed to proceed by the conftitu- 
tional methods of petition and re« 
monlfrance. Since that period they 
have been driven into exceifes Tittle 
iliort of rebellion. Petitions have 
been hindered from reaching the 
throne; and the continuance of one 
of the principal aifemblies put upon 
an arbitrary condition, which, confi- 
dering the temper they were in, it was 
impollible they (hould compljr witl*, 


'A Reviev? of iht preftnt AJmintftration. 


Sind which would hmfc aYtiled nothing 
at 10 the ^ncral queftion iF it had 
b«en comphed with. So violent, and 
I beirevel may call it fo unconliitutio- 
nal an exertion of the prerogative, to 
fay nothing of the weak, iniurticious 
terms in which it wai coi'veyed, gives 
us as linmble an opinion ot liis lot cifliip^s 
Capacity, as it does of hi» ttn.per and 
toodcraticn. While we are at peace 
with cither nations, our mi!il.ny force 
may perhaps be fpared to fupport the 
earl of H ■ h't mealuics in Ame- 
rica. Whenever that »oiic fliall be 
neceflarily withdravcn or di't^iniflied, 
the difmiinon of fuch a minttter will 
neither confole us for his imprudence, 
nor remove the fettTed reltntment of 
a oeople, who, coniplaining of an a6t 
6r the legiflature, arcootraged by an 
unwarrantable firctch of pierogative, 
and, fupptorting their claims by argu- 
ment« are inful^ed with deciamati<*n. 

Drawing lots would be a prudent 
and reafonable mctborl of appointing 
Ibe officers of tlate, comparrd to a late 
difpofition of the fetretary's office. 
Lord R — h— d was acquainted with 
the affairs and terrper ot the fouthern 

courts; LcYd W h was equally 

qualified for either department. By 
what unaccountable caprice' has it 
lhappened,tbat the latter, who pietends 
to no experience whatlocvcr, is re- 
removed to the mofl impoitant of the 
'two departments, and the former by 
preference placed in an office, where 
his experience can be of ho ufe to him > 

Xird W h bad tliltingniflied 

himfclf in his fiift employment by a 
ypirited, if not judicious, conduft. He 
had anirfiared ttfe civil niagiitiate he- 

Jorid the tone of civil authority, anA 
ad directed the operavons of the 
army to more than military execution. 
Recovered from the errors of his youth, 
from the diAra£tion of play, and the 
bewitching fmiles of Burgundy, be- 
Itold him exerting the whole ttrength 
of his clear, unclouded faculties in Tin: 
ftrvice of the crown. It was not the 
heat of midnight excefTes, nor igno- 
rance of the laws, nor the furiouk ff)?- 
rit of the tit^ufe of B— d : No, Sir, 
when this refpeS^able miniiter intcrpo- 
fed his authority between the magif- 
trate and the people, and ligned the 
iDandate, on which, for ought he 
Icnew, the lives of thoufands depend- 
ed, he did it from the deliberate mo- 
tion of bis heart, fiippcrted by the beft 
of bis judgment. 

It has lately been a falhion to pay ^ 
tumpliment to the bravery and gene- 
Mi^ of thcC— nd— r in Ch— f, at the 

expense of his underfiaodin^. They 
who love him leafl make no queflion 
of his courage, while hi* t. icnds dwell 
chi'.ily on the facility of his «1ir|H>riii- 
on. Admitting him to be as brave as 
a total abftnce ot all feeling and le- 
fledion can make him, let us fee what 
fort of merit he derives from the re- 
mainder of hii charailer. It it be 
generofify to accumulate in his cwn 
perfon and family a number of lucra- 
tive emplovments; to pruvide, at the 
public expence, frr every creature that 

bear* the name of M rsj and neg- 

fedfina: the mnit and fei vices of ihe 
relt of the aimy to heap ^iromot ions 
upon his favourites and dependantr, 
tl-.e prefcnt C— nd— r in Ch— f i^ the 
niott generous man a!iit. Nature has 
been fpaiing of her gifh to this n<.h:« 
told J but wiiere birfh and fortune arp 
united, we expert the noble pri<1e an<l 
independence of a man ot fnirit, rot 
the fei vile, humiliating compliantts <.f 
a courtier. As to tic gocdiiefs of his 
htart, if a prccfof it betaken from 
the facility of never lefutinp, v. hat 
condufion f1)all we draw frcm the in. 
derciicy of never pdformiiig ? And M 
the difciplitie of the army be m any de^ 
gree pieferved, what thnnks air tlue to 
h man, Mhofc cares, notojioufl) cor.<ji\- 
ed to filling up vacancies, have de- 
gloried the office of G <• in Ch— 
into a broker of commiiHons ? 

With refpcft to the nav]^, 1 fliall on- 
ly fay, that this country is fo highly 
in»lebted to Sir Edwaid HaMke, that 
no cxpence fli«)uld be fpired to lecure 
bin) an honourable and affiuent le- 

The pure and! impartial adrninidra' 
tTon of juAice is perhaps the fimictl 
bond to fecore a diearful rabmifTKni 
of tlte peop!e, and to engage their 
affe^lions to governmtnr. It is not 
fufficient that queHiont of private 1 i^ht 
and wrong are juflly decided { nor 
that judges arc fuperior to the viVvefs 
cf ^^uniory coriuption. Jtileries 
Vimrelf, wlien the court had lio inte- 
ref(, was an upright judee. A court 
of juftice may be fubjeft to another 
fort ot byafs, more important and per- 
nicious, as it reaches beyond the in* 
tereft of individuals, and affedts the 
whole communiry, A judge, under 
the iofluence of government, may be 
honeft enough m the decifion of pri- 
vate caiufes, yet a ti aitor to the public. 
When a victim is marked out by the 
toiniftry, this judge will offer himfclf 
to perform the lacrifice. He will not 
fcruple to proflituie his dignity, and 
bctriiy the (anairy of his ofticc, v^btiv* 


Lord (j ■ ■ -^ attacked and defended. 

ever an arUUrary point is to be car 

ric«l fnc G-* 

or the refentmentt 

Cff «T C— "--t to t>e gratified. 

'Iliefc princicles and proceedings^ 
ddlon/t And contemptible as they ai*e, 
In €ifc6k arc no lels injudicious. A 
wife and «;cneroui people arc roused 
by every appearance of oppreflivc, uii- 
con^iitutional meaO-iref, whether tbofe 
mf afures are fupported openly by the 
poorer of G — — t, or malked under 

the forms of a C 1 of J— ft— c. 

IVudence and felf-prefervation will o- 
l>ii>f the moll moderate difpoiitions to 
in iwC a common caufe^eveil with a man 
vhofc copcit^ they cenfure, if they 
itc him perfecnted in a way which the 
feal rpirit of the laws will not juftify. 
Tl»e ffi61s, on whichthefe remarks are 
{bunded, are too notorious to require 
do application* 

This, Sir, is the detail. In one view 
behold a nation evcrwlielmed with 
jitht J — her revenues wafted j— her 
trade declining; — the affections of her 
iroioiries alienated ;— the cluty of the 
^.igidrate irancfer'd to the loldieryj 
— a gallant army, which never foueht 
tinwillingl^ but againft their fellovr 
fuhjefts, mouldering away for want of 
the dire6tion of a man oF common 
jibilities and fpiritj — and, in the laft 
ir^ftance, Hie adminiftration of juftice 
become odious and fufpeAed to the 
whole body of people. This deplo- 
rable fcene admits but of one addition, 
•--that we are governed by counfels, 
fi oni which a reafonable min can ex- 
t>ed t\6 remedy but poifon, no relief 
but deatfi. 

If by the inimediate Interpofittoii 
of providence it were poflible for us 
to efcape a criHs fo full of terror and 
ilefpair, pdderitjr will nbt believe the 
hiftorjr of the piefent times. They 
\vill either conclude that bur diftrelTet 
v,ert imaginary^ or that we had the 
|rpod fortune to be governed by men 
of acknowledg-cd integrity and wif- 
ilbm : They will not believe it poflible 
that their ailcettorS could have furviv* 
ed, or fccovcpcd from fo defperate i 
condition, while a duke of O n 
was prime minifter, — a lord N ' ■ 
ch;inccllor cf the exchequer,~a 

W ih and H h fecreiaries 6f 

Itite,— a G y commaiidcr in chief, 

^nd ? ■ ■ ■ ■ chief criminal judge of 
the kiugdom. Junius. 

. *,* Wfiat relates to the character of 

tc) G y has b'^ifn anfwered by Sir 

WilVnm Diaper, l^ho, from a longi 
\mpai^^ial, ana dilintereAed fiiendlhip 
M:h th^ amiab.e comnUnder makei 

no fcruple to affirm, tbat all Juittus*s 
afftrtiont arejalfi and famdalous^ Lord 
Uranby*s courage, (lys Sir William, 
though of the brighteft and moft ar- 
dent kind, it amonz the loweft of his 
numerous good quSities ; he was for- 
med to excel in war by nature's libe- 
rality to his mind as well as perfon. 
^diicated and inftru6ted by his moft' 
fioble father, And a moft fpirited ui 
well as excellent fcholar, the prefent 
bifhop of Bangon he was trained to 
the niceft fenfe or honour, and tb the 
trueft atid nobleft fort of pride, that 
of never doing or fuffering a mean 
a£tion. A fincere love and attach- 
ment to his kins and country, and to 
their glory, firft impelled him to the 
field, where he never gained ought but 
honour; He impaired, throueh hid 
bounty, his own fortune $ tor hit 
bountv, which this writer would ill 
vain aepreciate, it founded upon th^ 
nobleft of the human siffedtions; it 
flows from a heart melting to goodnefi 
from the moft refined humanity. The 
diftrefled officer, the foldier, the wi- 
dow, the orphan, and a long lift be- 
fides, know that vanity has no (hare 
Ih his frequerit donations; he gives, 
becaiife be feels their diftreffet, nor 
has he ever been rapacious with one 
hand to be lil)eral with the other, as 
is uncandidly infinoated by this de- 
famatory wnter, when he favs, that 
the dignity of the conlmander has been 
depraved into the office of a broker of 
commifDons* Ah infamous charge e- 
qnally deftitute of truth and decency. 
He is next attacked for being unfaitn- 
ful to hit promifes: Where are the 
jprooft ? Although I could give (bme 
inftances, where a breach of promife 
would be a virtue, efpecially in the 
cafe of thofe who Would pervert the 
bpeui unfufpedting moments of con- 
vivial mirth, into fly, infidious appli- 
tations fbr preferment, or party M^ 
tems, and would endeavour to furpnze 
a good man, who cannot bear to fee 
any one leave him diflatisfied, into 
tinguarded promifes. 

Sut the moft lerious and alarming 
charge againft his lordihip in tbat 
ihearm!fu motdderifig anvaj^ for tuant 
y the diri3ion of a man of common 
abUii'us and ^rit. To this, the pre* 
fent condition of the army gives the 
diredteft lie. It was never tipoti 
il more refpedtable footing with rei^ 
ferard to difcfpline, and all the efTential^ 
jEhat can form cood foldiers. Lord Li* 

Sonier delivered a firm and noble palla« 
ium of our fafeties into Lord Gran- 
ny's hindsi who bai kept it in thefanie 


Sir Wiliam Draper* s Con4uS reviewed, 6^ 

fttyo^ onler ifi which be received it. hered that /never defcended to (be in- 

'r*it adjutant general, who has the decency of inquiring into his r0«<i//V/i^/ 

immediate care of tlie troops, after jbours. It is you. Sir Williana, who 

Lonl Granby, is an officer who wou?d ' have taken pains to reprelcnt your 
do great honour to any Icrvlce in Eu- 

rope, for his correct arrangements, 
good fenfe and difcerrritnt upon all 
occailons, and for a punctuality and 
preciliort which give the moft entire 
ratisra<5)io(l to all who are obliged to 
confult h'tm. The leviewing genrrals, 
who infpeft the army twice a year, 
Jiave been feUaed with the grftateft 
care, and have ar.fwered the important 
iruft repofed in tiicm in the inofl lau- 
dable manner, 'tin ir reports ot the 
condition of the army are much 
more to be credited th:\n thofc of 
Junius, whom I do advife to atone 
for his (hametu] afperfions, by afking 
pardon of Loid Granby, and the 
whole kingdom, whom he has offend- 
ed by his ab^minabte fcandals. In 
(hort, to turn Junius's own battery 
againft him, I mull aflcrt in his own 
words, " that he has given ftrong af- 
f<rtioj)S without proof, declamation 
without argument, and violent cen- 
iurts without dignity or moderation.** 

To this ^yftKcr, the ivr tier ^ under ihi 
fgnatufe of Juniutf taade tbefoltoiv- 
"ifffr reply in a Letter addrejfed to Sir 
WiUiam Draper, 

•* Without, fays fas, difputing lord 

*G y*s courage, we are yet to learn 

in what articles of military knowledge 
nature lias been f^ very liberal to his 
mind. If you have fenred with him, 
YOU ought to have bcimed out fomc 
inttances of able difpofi'tion and well 
concerted cutcrprifcc, which mi^ht fair- 
ly .be attributed to his capacity as a 

** You fa^ he has acquired nothing 
but honour in the field. Is the Ord- 
nance nothing ? Are the Blues no- 
thing ? Is the command of the arm^, 
with all the patronage annexed to it, 
nothing ? Where he got thcfe ttotkiatrj 
I know not ^ but you at leaii ought 
to have toid us where he defer ved 

*• As to his bounty, compafTion, &c, 
I meddle with nothing but his charac- 
ter as C— r in Clr — , and though I 
acquit him of the bafenefs of felling 
'compiiiiions, I dill afTert thai, in the 
diftribution of vacancies, he confults 
r.othing hut P— — y interelh, or the 
^ratification of hit Imm^^iate depen- 
dants. Yoa candidly admit, that up- 
lon certain occafions, he of:en makes 
fuch promifes as it is a virtue in him 
\t YwUtc* I dtiire it may be rtmem- 

friend in the character of a druiikcn 
landlord, who deals out his promaief 
as libtralty as his liquor, and wilt iutfer 
no man to leave his table either fui- 
rowful or fubcr. 

As to tlie lafl charge. Lord Li^ 
gonier did not deliver the army [which 
you in clafncal language, ai-e pleaf* 
e'd to cad a palladium] into Lord 

G by's hands. It was taken 

from him, much againft his inclina* 
tion, fome two or three ycar^i>efQre 

Lord G y was commander in chief* 

As to the flate of the army, the re« 
ports of reviewing generals compre* 
nend only a few regiments in England, 
which as they are immediately under 
the royal infpe£tion, are peHiaps ia 
ionie tolerable order. But do yoa 
know any thing of the troops in the 
Weft Indies, the Mediterranean and 
North America, to fay- nothing of i 
whole army abfolutely ruined in Ire- 
land ? Inquire a little ?iito fadts, Sir 
William, before yob piibiilh your next 
pnegyrick upon Lord G- ■ y, and 
believe me you will find there is A 
fault at head quarters, which even the 
acknowledged care and abilities of the 
adjutant general cannot correct." 

Ilje ivriter bavi^ in this manner /»- 
dearvQurid tofupport bis original chmrgi 
afiainji the C-^nd-^r in C— ;/, oddrejfet 
kimfelftiext to his defender, 

" When you. Sir William, return** 
cd to Europe, fays he, you zealoufly 
undertook the caufe of that gallant 
army, by whofe bravery at Manilla 
your own fortunes had been eftabliih- 
ed. You complained, you threaten* 
ed, you even appealed to the public 
in print. By what accident did it 
hapt)en, that in the m'dit of all this 
bultle, and all thefe clamours for 
jiiflFce to yoUr injured troops, the name 
of theManilla Ranfom was fuddenly 
buried in a profound, and fince that 
t4me, an umnteri upted filtnce? Did 
the miniftry fuggcft any motives to 
you ftrong enough to tempt a man of 
honour to defcrr and betray the caufe 
of hb fellow foldiers? Was it that 
blufhing rid band, which is now the 
perpetual ornament of your perfon ? 
or was it that regiment, which you 
afterwards (a thing unprecedente<l a- 
wong folditrs) fold to colonel Gif- 
borne? or was it that government, the 
full pay of whi(h you nre contented 
to hold with the haH^iy ^* ^^ W\*y. 


TtJ '^^ Waiiani DfapdrV ConiuEl reviewed. 

colonel ? And do yoii now, after a re* 
h-eat not vtry like chat o( Scipio, pre- 
fume to intrude yourfel^ unthouoht 
Ot, uncalled for, upon tlic patience ot' 
the public ? Are your flatitritrs of the 
C-'-T in Cli '-— directed to ano:htr re-* 
giinent, which you may again difpofe 
Q^ on tht fame honourable terms ? 
We know your prudence, Sir Willianii 
And I (hottld be foiry to (lop your pre- 

Sir William Draper, by wayofrc- 
f^ly to this fiefli attack, ha!i entered in- 
to a ferious and fpirited defence of hit 
hoble friend, anci concluded with a 
full vindication ot his own charader. 
He begin* with afking Junius " by 
What rorced analog^' and conHni6iion 
t6e'momen(8 of^ convivial mirth are 
made to Ognify indecency, a violation 
of eng^ueinentK, a drunken landLrd, 
ind a deiire th^t every one in company 
fliould be diunk likewifeP He mu(V 
have culled all the flowers of St Giles's 
find IlillingrgatetolM\7e produced fuch 
a piece of orator}* ♦/* 

He next proceeds to anf^-er the 
(^ueftiony when and ^ here the C-^d— -r 
til c-^f gained his honours > by what 
hiftaoces of nitVitary (kill and capacity 
he derived his emoluments ; and re- 
fen his antagoniil to '* the iinited voice 
ti{ the army which ftrved tinder him,- 
to the gI6rtou8 tettiMoliy of Prince 
Ferdinand, aod to vanquifliedbnemibi 
ivho fled before him. 

'< Junius, (ays he, repeats the com'- 

|>1alnts of the army agairtti P f 

Influence. Let Junius point out th^ 
tkne when it has hot prevailed. It 

* tSir WilIlate)*on another occafion, hat 
^ite explained hit meaning in the ambigu- 
^t feotcoce of his f rft letteri in this mani 
Der. *' A man of bulinefs muft know that a 
commander in chief, or a minifier of ftate, 
litoai a mulciplicuy of application^, cannot 
trufl their memories with the whole of 
them t Minutes and tneinorandumt are ne- 
telTary : Whefi bufinefs is over, thefe are 
left with their fecretaries, or in their bu« 
teaus. Should therefore any infidious man 
either At dinner, or after dinner, imponuoie 
a great peribn t6 give him fome preferment^ 
>vhich, from the want of thefe minutes, he 
might not then recoiled to be engaged, and 
thus obtain a promife of it ) yet HT it ftouM 
appear from the infpe^ion of thefe memo> 
raodums afterwards, that fuch preferment 
Vas pre -engaged. I muft agaia i^peat^ that ' 
4n fuch a nfe it would be « virtue te break 
the ungual dtrd piomifc made at dinner, o)r 
in coo\-ivUl minh, and to adhere to the lirft 
engagement \ Thef«: dtingk have happened^ 
do hapfcn, and may happen again to the 
'^tamk temperate men lirlni^ 

was of the leafl- force in the time of 
that great man, the late dukeof Cuhi- 
herlnnd, M^ho> as a prince of the blood, 
was ii>}cr as well as willing to ftero k 
ti>iiti\t which would have overborn 
any private fubjeft. In time of war 
this influence is fmall. In peace, 
when difcontent and fa£lion have th6 
fureft means to operate, efpecially in 
this country, and when, from a (car«t 
city of publicic I'pirir, the wheels of 
government are rarely moved, but by 
tne power and force of obligations, 
its weight b alsiays too grfcat." 

'* Junius is forced to allow that oui* 
army at home rnay be in fome to1er<i- 
ble order \ yet How kindly does he in« 
vite our late enemies to the invaiion of 
Ii eland, by afluring them that the 
army in that kingdom is totally ruin* 
ed ! (Toe colonels of that army are 
much obliffed to him.) Though the 
military^ talents of the lord lieutenant 
and the diligence and capacity of thd 
olficcrs there make this incredible, 
yti, adds Sir William, if from fome 
(Irange unaccotintable fatality, the peo- 
ple ot that kingdom cannot be induc- 
ed to confult tlieir own fecurity, by 
fuch an eife6lual augmentation, at 
m'ay enable the troops theie to a^ with 
power and energy, is the cotnmander 
Yd chief here to blame ? Or is he to 
b!ame, becauTe the troops in the Me- 
diterranean^ in the Weft-Indies, in 
America, labour under great difHcuU 
tiet from that fcarcity ot men, which 
it but too vifible all over thefe kin£- 
domt? Many of aur forces are m 
climates unfavoutable to Britifh con- 
flitutionS) their lofs is in proportion* 
Britain mull i^ecmit all thefe regi- 
ments from her own emaciated bo- 
foAi, or moxt precafionfly, by catho- 
licks from Ireland. We are likewife 
fubjeft to the fatal drains to the Eaft • 
Indies, to Senegal, and the alarming 
emigrationt of our people to other 
countrfes : Such depopulation can on* 
ly be repaired by a long peace, or by 
lome fenfiblf bill of naturalization.'* 

Sir William proceeds to his owil 
('indication \ ana afte)r complaining of 
the attacks of an stnnfibU inen^^ whof^ 
djigger in the air is only to be regard* 
cd becaufe one cannot fee the hand 
Aiat holds it, " mark, fays he, how t 
plain tale (kail put him down. 

** Junius tills me. that at my it- 
turn, I zealouAy Undertook the caufe 
bf the gallant army, by whofe bravery 
at Manilla my o^n foitunes w^re ei- 
tablUhed^ thtt I ccmphined, that I 
evf n ao^aled to the publick ib priftt. 
I M io t I glory in having done fo, at 

Sir William Draper*i coti cilia ting Advice te P- 

I had an undoubted ri^ht to vinHicafe 
my own cliai :i^<r, attackect by a Sl a- 
riih memorial, and to alleit the i:^lits 
of my brave com^^aoioiu. I gl^r/ 
likewii'e, that I have mvrr taken up 
my pen, but to vindicate :he i^ijurtrd. 
Junius aik<(, by what accident did it 
happen^ that in the inid^ oi all this 
bufliey and aU t!ic!e clamours tor jif- 
ti«e to tbe iniureil troop?, the MaioKa 
Ranfom was luddenly buried in a {'lo- 
foaiwi, aBilftnce that time, an uniii- 
terrupted filcncc ? I m\\ explain the 
cauf'e to the public. 1 l;e Uvcin) n)'- 
fiifters who nave been cinp!oyt<l r.nce 
that time, have b(en vtiy itcliious to 
do us 3uftice from two moll lauiiibte 
inQtivet. a ftion? inclinaricn to ailili 
injured bravery, \iu\ to acquire a well 
deienred popularity to themfeives. 
Their efforts have been in vain. Some 
isere ingenuous enough to own, that 
they could not think of involving this 
diftrefled nation in another war fur our 
private concerns. In Hiort, bur rights, 
for the prefent, aje facrificed to na« 
tional cotivenience ; and I muft con- 
icfs, that *9lthoufth I may lofe five and 
twenty thoufand pounds, by their ac- 
quiefcence tothis breach of faith in the 
Spaniards, I think they are in tlie right 
to temporize, confidering the critical 
htuation of this country, convulfed in 
every part by poifon infufed by anony 
mous, wicked, and incendiary writers. 
Lord Shelburne will do me the juiiice 
to own, that, in Septeinbcr laft, I 
waited upon him with a joint meino- 
lial from tl^e admiral Sir S. Cornitb, 
and myfelf, in behalf of our injured 
companions. His Lotdfliip was as 
trapk upon theoccafion as other fecre- 
taries had been before him. He did 
not deceive us, by giving any imme- 
diate hopes of rehefT^ 

Junius would bafely infmuate, that 
my filcnce may have been pui-chaicd by 
my ffovernment, by my blufliing rib. 
band, by my regiment, bv the lale of 
that regiment, and by half- pay as an 
Irifh colonel, 

Uii majefty was pleafed to give me 
jny government for my ferviccs at Ma- 
draU. I had my firft regiment in 1 7 57. 
Upon my return from Manilla, his ma» 
jetty, by I-ord Egremont, informe*! n»«, 
that I lhoul«l have the i\ifk vacant red 
ribband, as a reward for my Icrvice^ 
in an enterprize, yhich I had planned 
«s well as executed. The Duke of 
Bedford and Mr Grenville confirmed 
thofe aflurances many months before 
the Spaniards had protefted the ran- 
ibro bills. To accommodate Ld Cli ve, 
,|^€n going upQn 4 moft impQrun( ki * 

vice to Bengal, I waved my claim ta 
the vacancy wliich then h'^ppened. As 
there was no othtr vac:>nt"y until th^ 
Duke of Onfton and Lord Rocking- 
him were j:»ii.t ntinifters, I was then 
honoured v^iih the Older; and it is 
furety no fqiall h^^nour to me, that iii 
fuc!i a fuccfflTjon of minillers, they 
were ail pleafed to think that I had de- 
few ed it ) in my favour they were all 
united. Up.m the reduction of the 
79th regiment, which had I'erved fo 
filoriouiiy in the E?lt Indies, his ma* 
jcily, unfoliicitcd by me, ^ave me the 
]6(h of loot,* as an equivalent. M/ 
motives for rctirinir afterwards are fo« 
reign to the purpofs, let it TuHice, that 
hi> majetly was pleafed to approve of 
them i they are Aich as no man cnn 
think indecent, who knows the fhockt 
that icpeated viciilitudes of heat and 
cold, t>f dangerous and fickly climatef, 
will give to the beil coniiitutions, in a 
prettylong'cuifeof fcrvitc. T refs^nr 
ed niy re)^in»ent 10 Col. Gifb^rne, a 
very gord ofHcer, lor hi^ half-pay^ 
12Q0I. Irilli annuity j Co that, accord' 
ing to Junius, I have been bribed t4i 
fay notfiin<; mere of the Manilla rah- 
foin, and facrifice thofe brave men, hv 
the Arange avarice of accepting 380 f, 
per an. rnd giving; up 820 ! If this be 
bi'ibery, it is not the bribery of thefo 
times. As to mv tiattcry, thofe who 
know me, wiM judge of it. By the af- 
perity of JunMis's itilc, I cannot indeed 
call him a tl.itrf-rtr, unlefs it be as a 
cynick or n:airirf ; if he wag? his tail, 
lr« wilt dill growl and long to bird. The 
public will now judge of the credit thiij, 
ougiit to be ^i\en to Junius's wiitings, 
from the faUities tKat he h^vsinfiuuated 
with refpcdt to myflLt. 

•ii* By this txllt* nation the fuHic i| 
n^-w informed of tie mcti^-ej (,J cccir;:^ 
m-nt Jar declining a f'Ol^ular mcnfure^ 
ii.hici ;s no: to be ^b!c::..cJqy://.Ku! a m^j^ 

Mr Urbax, (lijhn Teh. 6, i?;^. 

IF the voice of a ^^ell rr.caiiint in- 
dividual could be heard aiiiidlt \\\u 
clamour, ^iry and nKuinefs v/f me 
times, would it appear to:i rafh and 
prefumptuoiisropiopoit^ to tii«; piii)i)c, 
that an a61 of ir.dfrri.nity and ohiivion 
may be made fo." all pili trinlacHoii* 
and offence.*, as well '*'»ui rciptcl t*r 
Mr Wiike* a? to our coinnica ? t\\z\i 
ialctary e.^pedi::nt: h:iv;?!>et:n crri--M«Or 
cd by the H-i/Vlt n2Lii«^'n: — fj.u •« tr;??- 
dients have bssn macu u c cf iiy cs^t 
own, wher* tlte public f;ni<iri^>»i6 had 
arrived to fomc \t»y dmsscjuuj and 

yt ..S» William Draper* j conciliatifig Advice to P /, 

not the gift of prophecy to foretell 
that fnipe fucb ends li pow approach- 
ing.— Perhaps it will be more wile and 
prd'tfc- worthy to make fiich an a6t 
in>mc«iiately, in order to prevent (he 
poflibility (not to fay the probability) 
of an infnrreftion at home, and in 
pnr depeYidencies abroad, then it 
>vill be to be obliged to have rpcourfe 
to one, after the mifchief has been 
done, and the kingdom has groaned 
under all the mikries that araiice, 
ambition, bypocrtfy, and madneis, 
could inflift upon it. ^ An ad of p.race, 
indemnity^ and oblivion, wis ptitfed ac 
the reftoration oi king CI .11 le^ the fe- 
cond I but I will venture to Oy, that 
Iiad fuch an T^St httn ftafataf h palled 
in the reign of his unhappy f.4tlier, the 
civil war had been prevented, and no 
reftoration had been neceffary. Is it 
too late to recall all the mefTeugers 
and edi^of wraih? — cannot the mo* 
fiey that it now wafted in endlefs and 
mutoal prqffscutions, and in ftopping 
the mouth of one perfon» and in open- 
ing tUat of another, be better employ- 
ed in ere&ins: a temple to Concord ? 
—Let Mr Wilkes lay the firfl fi$nt I 
and fuch a ftone as I hone the builders 
will not refiife. l/i^y this parliament, 
toufe Lord Clarendon's exprtilion, be 
called the healins parliament 1 May 
our foul wounds ne clean fed* and then 
clofed I The Englifti have been as fa- 
mous for good nature as for valour $ 
let it not be faid that fuch qualities are 
degenerated into favage fero< ity ! — If 
nny of my friends in either houfe of 
ligillature, ftiall condefcend to liftcrn to 
and improve tbefe hints, I (liall think 
that I have not lived in vain. 

William Draper. 

^bi ahcvi Lit tiff pubUJbid in tbe Lon* 
don Cbmniclef produced the foUonving, 

To Sir William Draper. 

I Have r^ad ^our letter in the Lon- 
don chronicle, with all the ref'pe^ 
and attention which is due to your ge- 
neral character, and to your perfonal 
conduct— You have there mentioned 
two circumftances, the American af- 
fair, and that of Mr Wiikes, but as the 
former does not feem to require fo im* 
* mediate a conHderation, 1 (hall only 
fpeak to the latter — ^Yoa rtcommend 
an OiGt of indemnity and oblivion for 
paft ofithces on all (idet, that all tnef* 
lengers and edi6H of wrath be recallcdi 
that a tenople be ere^ed to Concord, 
and that MSt Wilkes lay! the iirft ftone 
—1 do firmly beliave that you meant 

to fecure the peace and welfare, th«! 
honour and intereft of vour country 
by thai propofil : ijie gallant, the gt:- 
n'jrous conqiitror of tbe Manilla.', 
could have no private meaning, where 
the public is concerned : but }ct I do 
as firmly, believe, that the means you 
have propofcd would not anfwer the 

end you have delip,ncd. C\)ni'dcr, 

Sir, the man in whofe favour y«;u have 
pleaded forthis ^it of indemnity : X will 
not meddle with his private charaCler, 
and with rejranl to his public condufV, 
I will fpeak of him, nndcr the fandiion 
of a great and rerj>e^able AAenibly, as 
the author of a falfe, fcaodalous, and 
leditious libel, containing expre(]ions 
of the nioft uncxampUd in(i Icnce and 
contumely towards his Majefty, the 
grofteft afperfions upon both Houfes of 
Parliament, and the moft audacious 
defiance of the authority of the whole 
legillnure, and moft manifeftly tend- 
ing to alienate the afFcftions of the 
people from his Majefty, and to with- 
draw them from their olicdience to ihe 
laws of the realm, and to excite them 
to traiterous infurredions againft his 
Majefty's government— -The only re- 
nwirk I fhaU draw from the defcrjption 
of the paper here mentioned is this, 
that it has produced in fadl every fafal 
confequence, to Mrhich it was then fup- 
pofed to have a tendency. And this I 
may venture to afRrm without any re- 
fle£iion on the legal knowledge, or the 
political forefij^ht of the late Lord 
Chief Juftice of the Common Pleas. — 
Another offence, for which Mr Wilkes 
0ands committed, you will give tvn 
leave to fpeidc of, as modeftly defcribed 
by himfelf, a few days ago, at tiie bar 

•f theH ofC , an Eflav on 

Woman, tending to l>Jafpheme God. 
— Of thcfe two works he was not only 
voted the author, by a refolution of 
both Houfes of Parliament, but he was 
convifled of them by a jury of his 

The fucceeding part of his conduct 
I fhalt not now confider, it has already 
been taken notice of in Parliament, 
and with what event is well known, it 
will foon come under the cognisance 
of a jury, and I have not the leaft de* 
^ct to foreftall their Verdifl. Here 
then I leave him for a time to your 
Own better confideration. but before I 
part with him, I will tell you my opi- 
nion in a few plain words.— >A legilTa- 
ture audaciouJly defied, and a Parlia- 
ment moft grofsly afperfed^ a Sovereign 
]nfulted> and a God blafphemed, a re- 
ligion trampled under foot, and A con- 
ftltution of government bleeding at e- 


^Cbe^ Gsizens (jf Lonitm to their ReprifintativeSi 7 3 

pn hottk the ftabs of mn afikflm^ 
It for an a& of indemnity, bac 
aft of a— — r. 

One word more^ and I bAfedoati 
Mav the temple of Ctincord be Iboii 
ereoed, and may it ftand firihy bat I 
muft oonfeft, that Mt Wilfcet w^ubl 
be the laft man in the liinffflom whoni 
I flioiild have felefted to'lay the firft 

nre the aiminai hat offended 
jtk Ruftafce^ or a mifgutded zeal, 

lie fubmits with decency to the _ ^ 

» of the law, and it willing to ftone.— I am rori7 that I have been an- 
na an aft of grace, that favour, ' dtt the necc^ty of telling jrou, ho«r 

much I differ front yott with rejB[ard to 
thit important pointi but you will givft, 
me leave to add» that I am, with great 
truth, .andwith the mod (incerereipeft^ 
SiTf yonr moft obedient, 
and moft tumble fenrant. 

he has no prctenfiont. to claim 
^t, the voice of mercy mav 
or pardtfn at the throne of jui- 
Mk iome degree of propriety s 
lere the conviaed criminal boafti 

offence, and triumpht in hit 
ffhcre be infultt the lawt, ;ind 
:llc nuthority of hit country, and 
the aft of mercy ufelf, however 
fired, would be received with 
Apt, the fword of jullice (hould 
home, and whatever be the feel- 
rHie man, the member of fociety 
pplaud the blow— -And at to the 
mencet, they will have nothing 
wcr who carry the taws hito dx • 
fe»nttd fupport the adminiifaratiort 
licittftlce: Nor perhapt may the 
i«tenoet be To dreadful at you, fir, 
bo imagine* — ^Titut Oate«, and 
' $acheverell, were in their days 
oltof a faftion, and the cham- 
of- a party, they had more par- 

than Mr Wilket could ever 
of, they had the populace to at* 
hem, they had the city of Lon- 
uid a lord mayor into the bar* 
they had a great number of re->> 
Arte trieiidt in both boufet of par- 
Bt* and they had a little party at 
k and yet the taw of thit countrv 
rffcft againft them, in fpite of all 
ition — And if the adminiftration 
i be united among; themfel vet for 
hourt, if they will once lay alide 
private views, and attend to a 
c point of great importance, the 
ft - hero of oppofition, either in 
t of the houfe, will loon (brink 
the conteft, and will confeft that 
Tapported by government, magna 
r firgi*vaUbit »^T\\€re it virtue e- 
h left in thit country to fave it, 
be well dired^d and properly ex- 
{ nor it it the city of London, 
he county of Mtfldlefex, nor it It 
DAtinent of America, nor the con- 
t of Europe united, that can (hake 
onftitution of thit kingdom, if it 
: on juft ground. 

It if that is not to be the cafe, if 
iw muft be fufpended, becaufe the 
mment it not able to carry it into 
Stion, dSitm e/l di Roma. I have 
rib*, of a mob-led Qiieen, but God 
id I fliould ever live to fee a mob- 

Im|Nutiality obliges ut tO in(te the 

T§ Sir William Draper. 

WHatever, fir, may be the dif*^ 
pttte between you and the acute 
eagle-^ed Junius, this I know, that 
the public aie greatly obliged {or vbor 
letter relative to Mr Wilket and., the 
Aniericah Coloniee— *Twat (bort, bnt 
very fweet— He it a good do^or, whoi 
in defperate cafes, does not emjjloy 
corrofive medicines^ When lenitivea 
may be elficaciout.-*! would humbly 
fubmit thitf to our tlate Phyficiant.— 
Be this as it may, your letter above 
hinted at appears to me fo extremely 
falutary, that I wiA it were properly 
reprinted^ and hung up in every hoa(c 
throughout the Bnti(h kiagdoms, at 
a mofi excellent Memento. 


Ii^nBkMs from tbi CHisum rf Uadut 
to tbihr lupriftntaiivi^t in Parliamiai, . 

GtllLDiiALL, Fi^, le, X769. 
To Sir Robert Ladbroke, Knt. Willi* 
am Beckford, Efq; The Riaht Hon. 
Thomas Harley, Efqs and Barlow 
Trecothick, E(q} Aldermen, the Re* 
prefentativet in Parliament for the 
City of London. 


WTE, your Conftituents, ad^mbled * 
. in the Guildhall of London, fuU 
ly fenfible of the value of the laws aiia 
cohftitution tranfmitted to ut by our 
ancdSors, and (irmly refolved to pr^- 
ferve this inheritance entire, as we 
have received it, think it otfr indifpen- 
iible duty at this tinte, at well as otfl* 
undoubted right, to inftruft you, our 
Reprefenutives in Parliament, as foT* 

lows t 

f . We recommend, that you exert 
your ntmoft endeavours, that the pro- 
ceedintft in the ca(e of Libels, and all 
other Crhninal Mattert, may be con- 
fined to the known rakt ot \m«^ v&^ 

^4 ^Be Citizens of LcndoH fo their Repfefentatives. 

noi rendered dant^erous to the fubje^t 
by forced conflru6lions, new modes of 
enqniry, nnconftitutional tribunals, or 
Dew and unuCual punifliments, tending 
to take away or diminifh the benefit oT 
Trials by Juries. 

* %, That you carefully watch over 
the great bulwark of our liberties, the 
Hal^as Corpus a6t ; and that you en- 
quire into, and cenfure any attempt to 
dude, or enervate that law. 
i 3. That jou prefervc equally invTo* 
late the Privilege of Parhament, and 
the Rights of the £le€tors in the choice 
of their reprcfentativej. 

4. That vou do not difcourage Peti- 
lions, by felefling fuch parts thereof 
as may tend not to relieve, but to cri- 
minate the petitioner, fo as to prevent 
all approacn to your'houfe, by winch 
>neaQs the mod cilential article o^ the 
Declaration of Rights may be eluded, 
or rendered of lefs effk&, 
' 5. That you endeavour to prevent 
all application of the public money to 
influence elections of members to (erve 
In parilamenr*. 

6. That you ^iveno countenance to 
the dangerous do6!rine of conftru£^ive 
Tieafons, or to the application of 
doubtful or uncertain laws to this in- 
tereliing objr6(, nor fufier minivers to 
be inveiled with a vd|[tie and difcreti- 
bnary power of ]udgin? on, or profe- 
cuting this oAt;nce, and that you will 
▼igoroufly oppofe aiiy meafures tend- 
ing to introduce modes and circum- 
ftances of trial, which n\ay render it 
difficult or impofTible for the party ac- 
cufed to obtain full and equal juftice. 

7.. That you will, at the reprefenta- 
Civet of this great commercial city, be 
particularly attentive to the intereft of 
the manufadlures, and the trade ot this 
kingdom in all parti of the world, itnd 
more efpecially in the Briri(h Ameri- 
can colonies, the onlv profitable trade 
this kingdom enjoys unrivalled by o- 
ther nations i for which purpofe we 
recothmend your utmoft endeavours 
to reconcile the unhappy differences 
fubfifting between t)ie mother country 
and the colonies, the S'atal effei^.U of 
which have^ in part, been feverely felt 
by the manufa£Vurers, and the com- 
mercial part of this kingdom. 

8. That you will, at rhii tiine par- 
ticularly, attend to the prtftivation 
of public faith, the Tole foundation of 
public credit $ and that you do not, 
upon any pretence of public good 
Hhatfoever, concur in any meafnre 
that fhall tend to weaken or deflxoy. 
that faith. 
9* TliAt you uTe your utmoft en- 

deavours that tlic cjvil magiftracy of 
this kingdom be put on a refpe^table 
footing, and thereby remove the fir§' 
t€Bci Ot calling in a military force, and 
preferve this nation from a calamity 
which has already been fatal to the 
liberties of every kingdom round us, 
and which we at this day are begin- 
ning to feel. 

10. That you promote a ftrift en- 
quiry into the ufe which has lately been 
inadc of military power, whether any 
encouragement has been given to pre- 
mature or injudicious military alatrity^ 
and whether any undue meafures have 
been taken to prevent or elude the 
courfe of public juftice on fuch an oc- 

11. That you ufe your beftendca- 
vours for having a (landing committee 
appointed, from time to time, to exa- 
mine and to ftate the public accounts. 

11. That it any demand fliould 
come before parliament for payment 
of the debts of the civil lift, you will 
diligently enquire how thofe debts 
have been incurred,, to the prejudice 
pf the fubje6t, and the dignity of the 

x«. That you will promote a bill for 
limiting the number of placemen and 
penfioners in the Houle of Commons, 
for preventing the |>eersof Great Bri- 
tain from interfereing in elections for 
members of parliament, and that an 
oath to prevent bribery and corrup- 
tion be taken not only by the eledors, 
but alfo by the candidates, at the o- 
pening ot the poll. 

14. That you ufe your utnioft en- 
deavours to obtain an a£t to Ihortea 
the duration of parliaments ; and laft- 
ly, we fubmit it to your confideration, 
whether a change in the prefent mode 
of eleaion. to that of ballot, wotild not 
be the moft likely method of procur- 
ins^ a return of members on the ge*> 
nume and uncorrupt fenfe of the 

(Signed) Charles Clayey. 

Chairman of (he CommonHalL 

Inflrualons faid •/• ht trmnfmittid fr^m 
Noiwich to Harboard Harboard,£/^ 
Md fedyvard Bacon, Efyi tbeir Rs' 
pfefentaiivej w ParUawumf» 


AS it is the undoubted right of all 
conilituents to inftru6k their 
reprefcntatives in pariiament from 
time to time as they fhall fee occafion, 
HMfi^ a confiderable.part of your elec- 
tors, as yet your free and independent 
eleaort, take thiiopftortimity to claim 


The. IShrmcb Iffflru/Is^ns to tbehr Mmbers. 

tad OEoriTe tbatijgbt. and to ti-anfiipt 
to jrou oar (entimenu upon Tome poixiti, 
which wt look tipbn tq be o( tne \it- 
moft importance at this juofture to 
the whole Kingdom. 

We have obfervedy with concern, the 
inflability of adminiftratlon^ and the 
diilradiont which have prevailed in all 
public councils for thefe feven years 
paft« and Itiil prevail, to the difgrace as 
well as detiinientof the nation : fuch 
a perpetual flu&uation of public af« 
fairs muft inevitably draw on the ruin 
of the flate, and it is therefore high 
time that new, permanent^ and vigo- 
rous meafures fliould be adopted and 
entered into for its preferva^iony e>r 
it be too late. Various are the griev- 
ance which caU aloud for redrefs, and 
fomc of them we mean to point out to 
you I and as we h^ve beheld but too 
many flagrant inftances of the venality 
of toe age, and of the corruption of 
reprefentatives in parliament, by wick- 
ed, arbitrary, and opprefllve mmiflers, 
tberefirt^ in order to lirike at the root 
of corruption at once, and to revive 
the drooping fpiritpf public virtue and 
' love of our country § in order to ex- 
tinguifli the falfe hopes, and to curb 
the undue, unconftitutionar influence 
of all afpiring and ambitious fa- 
vourites, we molt earneftly recommend 
to you, and do moft ftridtly enjoin you, 

I. To ufe your utmoil endeavours 
to promote tne paiTing of a new and 
more c$mprebinfive Place-hlUj hy which 
all placemen, beyond a limited num- 
ber, may be rendered incapable to \\t, 
in the Uoufe of Commons, for which 
the neceflity is hut too evident, trom 
the daily increafe of places and pen- 
fions, and the negle6^ of bringing in 
which, as foon as poiHble, may be tatai 
to the cottfti/ution, and to the libertiis of 
this kinedom. 

II. We recommend to you to ufe 
your utmoll endeavours, that a law 
may pafs, in the approaching ft (Hon, 

for rejiorinir Tritnaial Parliaaenit^ 
and for limiting the duration of tiiis 
prefent, and all future parliaments, to 

Tbr£i Years at jtm//, 
as another ^reat fecurity for the con- 
flicution agamd the arbitrary attempts 
of wicked and deftgnin^ minilters ; 
frequent elections deprivmg them of 
that enormous influence and power 
t)Ky now have to corrupt the reprelen- 
tatives of the people, and to lecure a 
venal majority of members in th« 
Houfe of Commons, which may pre- 
vent, defeat, or put a ftop to all enqui- 
ries into thnr public condu^ : and that 
4 (laulf be iwld^d i9 thc^bov9 ndt, n» 


quu-ing, that, for the future, ^e oath 
of bribery and corruption at all elec- 
tions be taken \^y the candidates, ind 
Aot the flexors. 

in. We reqiieft alfo, and recora- 
mend to you to enquire, how it comet 
to pafs, that the eUieft fons of peers of 
Scotland, who are declared incapable 
toreprelent any borough or ihire in 
that kingdom, fliould b£ permitted to 
reprefent any borough or fliire in Eng- 
land : and why, when all the commons 
of Scotland are, according to the adl of 
Umo9, reprefented by fbrty-ftve mem-- 
bers in the Britifb pariiament, Scots 
commoners arc permitted to leprefent 
^nglifl) boroughs, and to have additi- 
onal voices in |>arliament: and whe- 
ther the permitting Scots commoners 
and eldeft fons of peers of Scotland to 
fit in parliament forEnglifh borou>;hs, 
be not iBConHllent with, and contra- 
diftory to, the tmtfpirit of ihe aft of 
UMton : we therefore, moft earnelily re- 
commend to you, to propofe an en- 
quiry into the true fpirjt of the aft of 
Union ; and, as far as in you lies, by 
all conliituttonal endeavours, to ex« 
elude Scots commoners already elefted. 
exceeding the number of fcrty Rve.and 
not reprcfrnting ftjirr s or boroughs in 
Scotland, from a (eat and voice in the 
Britifli parliament. 

IV, We recommend to you, and 
ftridly enjoin you to enquire, by what 
authority it was, that a rrprffintati'Vi 
of the fioplfin pailiament was leizcd 
in his own houfe, dragged out of his 
own houfe, and, in defiance of the Ha» 
bcas Corpus aft, and Maj^aa Charts^ 
iniprXibned in the Tower of London | 
all his j)apcrs, the molf fecret of them, . 
rifled and cairied away, under an a- 
vowed dcfi^^n of collecting evidence 
againft him for a Ainpofed libel 2 
thereby obliging a fi ce-born Englifh* 
man to turn his own accuier, contrary 
to the known laws of the land. We 
aUo dcfire and cxpcft, that you will 
ufe your utnioft en^.eavours to find out 
by whom it was, that a writ of Habeas 
Corpus, granted by a chief juftice, was 
eluded, and it's authoriry difobeyed, 
in time of public peace and tranqui* 
lity 5 and the a£i of Habeas Corpus, 
that greateft and ftrongcft bulwaik of 
Englifli Iiberty,brokedown and tramp- 
led under foot, the povters of which 
were never known to be even fufpend- 
ed, but in rimes of public danger, of 
fufpefted conf^)iracie$, open itbellion, 
or when a foreign enemy was in armi 
in the kingdom. 

The fufnenfion of the Habea&Cor^ULi 
aft| tho' Qy autkorix.) ol ^VJAnyctct^ 


The Norwich InftrulHons to their Members. 

ii ever tmderftood to be a Airpeniion of 
the liberty of the futjeS ; ai»d wc, 
therefore, defire ana eicpc^ that you 
will enquire by whofe aaviCe it was, 
that private perfons in office, anned 
with that iron -engine ot oppreflion, 
and bearing that ignominious badge 
of da^vtry a general tvarramt, were em- 
ployed, or let on and encouraged, to 
dare to do that by themfelves. which 
king, lords, and commons, the three 
eftates of the realm, can only do toge- 

■ V. We mod earneftly recommend to 
you to piomore an enquiry if^to the 

J tower oi an attorney getUrai to file in- 
brmaticns #;^ vfcio^ that detcitablc re- 
lique of the ftar chamber, and ta fee 
how far IT may ajgrte ^ith the freedofn 
of our conftitution ; that yuu will ufe 
your utmott endeavours to fccure the 
liberties of the people from all arbitra- 
ry and unconHirutional ftretches of au- 
tnority : and that you will promote an 
enquiry into the p^werof^W^/ito al- 
ter records , before or after judgments 
before or after trial, for the fake of the 
fafety of every fuhjeft, and that they 
may not be liable to ruin at the dil- 
cretion of any fu-uie time-ferving and 
corrupt judge, who, under the golden 
influence of a court, or the, tyrannical 
infltienreofafavoutiteof acourt,m^y, 
in the prOcefs of a few years, over-rule 
and over-turp all the eftabliflied laws 

VI. We recomtnend to you to pro- 
mote a Ilri6l enquiry into the public 
accounts, and the heavy national debt, 
incurred by the vaft profufion of ex- 
pence attending the late juft and ne- 
feifary war ; and above all, to examine 
into the accounts delivered in by con- 
tra&ors and agents for the army and 
navy, by comptrollers, dire6lors and 
commiflaries of the office of comptrol, 
and the commiffariate abroad at Bre- 
men in Germany, and by fecretaries, 
uAder-fecretaries, and clerks of offices 
at home, by which fuch amazins for- 
tunes have been fuddenlv, and almofl 
inftantaneoufly a qnired by individu- 
als j ar>d, tfrhti ever 'delinquents are 
found, to bring all foch plunderers of 
the public to cor.disn and exemplary 
>punifhment t and that you will pro- 
note a bill for the exclusion of con- 
tractors • of all foits, employed by go- 
Ternment, from a feat in the Hpuie of 

We moft earneftly recommend to 

• The net profits oftbi tobacco contra ff 
ahme an ijiimated in vamo at 7000 /• 

you. to bear in your minds, on this oc- 
caiion, and to imprint in your hearts, 
the laft moft excelleitt words and ad- 
vice given to a BrMfh parliament by 
one of our bed of princes ; 

' It i« always with regret when I do 

* aik aids of my people \ but you will 

* obfervcythat Idcfire nothing which re- 
' latesto any pcribnal ex pence of mine. 

• I am only preffineyou to do all you 

* can for your own larety and honour, 
' at fo critical and dangerous a time s 
' and am willing that what is aiven 

* fhould be wholly appropiiated for 

* the purpofes for which it is intended. 
' And fince I am fpeaking on this 

* head, I thii k it proper to put you in 
^* min^i, that during the late war, I 

* ordered the accounts to be laid year- 
' ly before the pailiamenr, and alfo 

* gave my afTent to feveral bills for 

* taking the public accounts, into cc n- 

* fideration, that my fubjt^s might 

* have fatisfia6iion how the money 
' given for the war was applied. 

• And I am willing that matier majr 

* be put in any farther way of ex ami - 

* naiion, that it may appear whether 
' there were any mifappiications and 

* npfmanageraents ; or whether the 
< debt that remains upon us has really 

* arifen from the fhortnefs of the fup- 

* plies, or the deficiency of the funds. 

• It ic fit I fliould tell you, that 

* the eyes of all Europe are upon this 
' parliament ; alj matters are at a 

* Itand till your refolutions are known 5 
'and therefore no time ought to be 

* loft. 

• You have yet an opportunity, by 

* God*8 bleffing, to fecuie to you and 

* your pollerity, the quiet eujo^'ment 

* of your rel^qiun and lihertrff, if yotl 

* are not waiting to your:elve?. 

« But I tell you plainly my opinion 

* is, if you do not lay hold on this oc- 

* cafion, yc*i have no reafon to hope 

* for another.*' 

VII. We nlfo recommend to you, to 
promote a bill for laying a duty of los. 
per hundred weiijht on fugar, which, 
according to the beft calculation made 
by a late great chancellor of the ex- 
chequer, (Mr Leeg) muverfally ac- 
knowledged to bt^the moft able nnan- 
cier in Europe, will raife 500,000 1, per 
annum ^ ana to repeal ihereby the ad- 
ditional tax updn beer, fublf ituted in 
it^s rc»om in the year 1763, and which 
has ever fince been levied with fuch pe- 
culiar cruelty and oppreffion upon the 
laborious poor of this great kingdom j 
the poor, already dtftrcfTed and almoft 
famiftied by the high and extravagant 
prices of provilions and corn 1 the re « 

The Nervoicb Intrusions to tbtir Members. 


^afilon of which high and extravagant 
prices, we alfo man earneftly recom- 
mend to your confideration in parlia- 
ment ;*and that yea will ufe your ut- 
moft endeavours to give relief to the 
crying and very alarming neceflitiesof 
the indigent and indultrious pau't of 
the nation, your fellow fubje^t, and 
many or them your iomfiitmnU and 

yill. We recommend to you, and 
llridily charge you, to enquire, and we 
cxpett that you will enquire, by whofe 
advice it was, that a Separate peace wat 
concluded with France and Spain in 
176x9 by which a flagrant breach of na- 
tional faith was committed, being in 
direA oppoiition to all treaties fubfift- 
ing between our gallant ally the king 
ot Pruflla, and his late majefty of glo- 
rious memory, renewed and confirmed 
by his prefent majefty, after hit accef- 
fion« in a treaty bearing date Dec is, 
1760, in which is contained the follow- 
ing article : 


* The high eomtra3i*ig po'wers mcre- 

* over en^ge, viz. on the one fide his 

* Britannic roaielty, as well kimg as 
' eUB^r^ and on the otlier, his PrulHan 
' majefty, not to conclude any treaty 

* of peace, truce, or neutrality, or other 

* convention or agreement whatever, 
' with the powers who have taken part* 
' in the prefent war, but in conctrt and 
' by mutual agreement^ and by compre- 
' hendingeacnother by name/ Signed, 

Robirt Henley^ C. S. HoUerneJfe^ 
Gratfville, P. ha'-dwcki, 

HotUs NeivcqftU. Wm Pitt. 

A treaty of peace was, no:wi:h(iand- 
ing, entered into, and concluded at 
Paris, between England, France and 
Sp.^in, without the confent and mutual 
agreement of the kingofPrudia, in de- 
fiance of the above article of a moil 
folemn treaty and engagement between 
h':s prefent majelty, and the king of 
Pruifia, and within lefs than two years 
from the date thereof; by uhich the 
honour and public Jaitb oi the nation, 
became a facriAce to evil counfellors, 
and corrupt minifters : and we do, 
therefore, request ot you our reprefen- 
tatives, and do hereby call upon you, 
to ufe yourutmoll endeavours to trace 
•ut, dete<6^, and bring to condign pu- 
nishment all fuch evil counfellors, and 
corrupt miniftei's, by whofe advice the 
national faitb has been thus ignomini- 
oiifly prolHtuted, and traiteroully broke 
and forfeited. 

IX. We do alfo recommend to you, 
to promote an enquiry, by which the 
conftitutiofl hie) f nay he examined in- 

to, aocording to ita firfk oririnal priii- 
ciplet t and whereat the eldeft fons of 
Peers m^re never admitted, but always 
rejedcd from a feat in the parliament 
ot Scotland, the chief reafon for which 
rejcftion, amoagft others, was, < The 
' enormous and over-bearing influence 

* and power of a numerous peerage* 

* v^htcn furroonding the commons, 

* thereby prevented freedom in elec* 

* tions, A> that no commoner holding 
' any p4t of his lands of a peer, or 
' indeed beine in his neighbourhood* 

* could be reckoned at Htmtv to make 

* a free elefUon of his reprefentative/ 
And whereas thepeerage of Ensland is 
extremely numerous, anid the inttuenoe 
and power of Englifli peers fufficienrty 
known and felt, as well elfewhere as in 
their neij^hbourhood, and the freedom 
pf ele^ons as notorioufly invaded, 
notwithftanding repeated refolutions 
of the Houfe ot Commons^ declaring, 

* That it is zbigb uffriugemmt of the 
' liberties and privileges of the Com- 

* mons of Great Britain for any lord 
' of parliament, or any lord lieutenant 
' of any county, to concern themfalves 
' in the eleftions of members to ferve 
' for the Commons in parliament i* 
and whereas nothing can oe more ex- 
travagantly abfurd, or more unconfli- 
tutional, than that the fenfe of the 
Commons of Great Britain fliould be 
delivered in parliament by peers, and 
reprefentatives eleffed by peers, which 
in elFe^ is the uniting and making one 
houfe of both houfes of parliament | 

.therefore, to remedy this dangerous 
innovation as far, and as foon as may 
be, and before the fatal confcquenccs 
to our happy conftitution, and the ac* 
knowledged right and liberties of the 
people be fpread too wide, and acquire 
too much Itrength, fo as to bear down 
all oppoiition before them, 

VVe do require, and do moft ftri6lly 
enjoin you to n)ove, at the opening of 
next leiii'^n of parliament, that a refo- 
lution may be palled, * Whereby the 

* eldeft fons of peers of England, as 

* well asthofeof sptotland, may be de- 

* clarcd incapable to fit in the Houfe 
« of Commons of Great Britain. 

X. We recommend to you, and 
ftri6tly charge you, carefully and im- 
partially to enquire into the conduct of 
all fucn returning officers, of whofe 
proceedings complaint (ball at any 
time b<f made before the houfe; and 
to do jttfiice to the nation by bringing all 
fuch criminals to condign punKhment^ 
who fhail appear to have violated the 
rights of freeholders and legal voters aC 
de^tions; thereby \uvad\o^vVit VyvwV 



Mmohrsr cf tbi Prince of €o^. 

];ieht ^ jprivUege of the BritlOi fub- 
]fi&/znd dariiigly ififulting ihceo^^ 
tution «nd Ith^ tj of their auntry, 

XI* We recommend to you to pro- . 
mote aa enqiury into the conduct of 
the £evtraj adminifti atioos during the 
laft feven years, and the caufes of the 
|ate frei|uent changes and difmifnons \ 
amd above all, to ea^plore* and to en» 
ideavour to trace out aiid dete^ the^^ fe- 
cret iufluence of that undermining fa* 
vourtte, by wbofe arbitrary mea ure% 
and pernkiQus coumeis, this once hap> 
py and fiouriibing kuigdom has been 
reduced, fiom a iVate ot pouerand tri^ 
umph, of affluence and unajoimit) ,it to 
its prefentitate of imbecility aud dip 
vifion, o^' diflrefs and diilraition. 

XIli Lafiiy^ We do moil folemnly 
charge you to demand out of cultody 
^he per (on of John Wilkt:^ Eiq; knight 
of the (hire for the county of Middle- 
fipXy who, though a reprefentative of 
the people duly eU6led to ferve in par- 
liamenty was refufed bail, and com- 
mitted to prilbn on an outlawry, which 
ivat afterwards declared, by the very 
Judges who committed him, to he ille* 
gal ; a man who fo ileadily defended 
the rights apd privileges of alUb£ Com* 
muns cf England when invaded, and 
who, with fuch unQuken intrepidity 
and perfeverance, oppofed the arbi- 
trary attempts of minillers and fecre- 
taries oi ftate, who prcfumed to vior 
)ate,through him> the firft right of thip, 
free nation, the perfonal libeity of th( 

{iihie^, in the moft outrageous and il: 
egal manner) and who (till is detained 
a prKoner in the King's Bench prifon. 
We therefore do molt folemnly charge 
you to demand the perfon of the fald 
John Wilkis, Eft]; that he may be ena- 
bled to take his feat amungit the duly- 
fk^d reprefentatives to ferve in the 
prefent parliament, left the continued 
confinemeni of a knight of tl^e ibire for 
io great and opulent a county as that 
of Middlefex, now left without any re- 
prefentative at all, be for ever confi- 
derrd as a moft daring infult upon the 
rights and privilege:tk^f the people, an 
open contempt of the authority of par- 
liament, and an high and unexampled 
aifironc to the dtgniij of the Briiljb 
Hfiu/i pf Coffimom, 

Jn full aiUirance of your faithful dif- 
diaige of the great uuft i epoled in you 
by us yogr conitituents, and of your 
ti\\St attention in parliament to thefe 
oar inilnidiions, tranl'mittcd to you 
before the o{^ning of the fcfiIon> and 
often repeated promifes made to us oa 
your pajrts, pttvioui to your ele^on, 
xo arl U&e jM-^A^fid papers, aad iigae^ 

with your oijrn names s in full aiSiri^ 
ance of fuch your public fpirited con- 
duct, We remain, with great refpe^ 
Your moft obedient Ser?anti, ^ ■ 
The Free and Independent Citi- 
zens and Ele^lois of the City 
and County of Norwich. 
Nortvub^ QdobiT 25, 176S. 
Bdn^ the Day of bis Majefiy^s haffpy At* 
ajfiin )q the Crown oj tl-efe Reams* 
•^* Thefe infiruB'ions hi^ue been difi 
ehtimed by the citizen/ of Norwich, but 
are heretntertedtoff'atijy the cnriqfity of 
our Readirj, 

Memoirs of the Life of the Prinu of Condi ^ 
Cont,nueJfrom vol. xxxviii, p. 596. 

BO q K VI. The Prince, when he 
quitted the army of Guienne,1ef|t 
tlie command of it to the Prince of 
Coiiti, fupporttd by M^ifm and Laine^ 
and repa:rci,di" a courtier^ 
to the aru'V criunianded by Nemours 
and Beautort, w(>ich was encamped 
near I.ori, :.t the entrance of the foreft 
c( Orleans. It was time that he (liould 
arrive the r, a^i his ^>rtfcnfe would fooa 
have: cured the diloiders which the 
difputesoFNemi urs and Beaufort had 
introfiuced. His intention was to go 
tc Palis, where Chavigni wiote him 
word, Lis prefence was necefTary to 
b.tfile the view< of Goiidi, raifed to the 
purple by the Queeni*s intereft, under 
the celebrated tirie of the Cer^iinal de 
RetZi and to retain on his fide the ca« 

})ital of the kingdom } but he was de- 
irbus of being preceded by viftory, 
that the fame of his fuccefs might give 
him more^ authority, by infpiring hit 
friends with con(icfence, and his ad^ 
verfaries with dread. Having learned 
that the royal army was difperfed la 
cantonmenuof a vail extent, thatTu- 
renne was encamped at Briarc and 
Hocquuicourt at Bleneau, covering by 
their pofition the king and the court, 
who were (hut up in Gien, Conde fell 
with the fwiitneis of an eagle on Hoc- 
quincourt*s quarters in the night time, 
and killed, took, or difperfed his whole 
army. Intending aftei w ards to attack 
Tuiienne, he found him fo well pofted 
that it was iiiipoflihie to force him to 
hazard a battle. He was therefore o- 
bli|;ed to content himfelf with having 
ruined the detachment which Hocquin- 
court coimiiajKicd ; all his artillery and 
baggage, 3000 iiories, a great number 
of ILaudarus, and a vaft booty enrich* 
cd the conqueror; 600 prift/nersof war 
begi^ed the prince to alloyv them toen- 
lift in his fer vice, and he fojmed theta 
u\to a re|;iinent of dragponii which, 

Mtmotrs of the Prince of Conde. 


ftr^d him with reputation the remain- 
der of the war. 

Cond6 afrerwards went to Paris'; 
but he found th^re much more embar- 
rafTment than he expelled. Tlie po- 
pulace looked on him with admiration 
ai the defender o' the lUre againil Ma- 
zarin, its opprdfor ; but Gjlhm duke 
of Orleans, weak, jealous, nnd go\'ern- 
ed by the Cardinal deRet?, and many 
ck theprefidents ardc^unliellors of the 
parliament attached to the qucen^s 
party, occafioned him fo manv per- 
piexitiety that he was equal h- b^fHsd 
both in the meafuies thnt ' 
Irengthen his party, and iik hi^ ne^^o- 
tiations for a reconcilemeat with the 

The paper-war produced a multt- 
tnde of fatyrical pieces, the oiPsprinz 
of calumny and malice. Conr^c hnd 
the courage to iperufe the bitrei eft pub- 
itcatfons againft him. One day, when 
he was deeply engaged in one of thefe 
pamphlets, Mangni, one of the gieat- 
eft eeniul'et of the age, entered his 
clofet, without his perceiving him, and 
took the liberty to interrupt him by 
fiiying, T^/ beokt fir^ tubicb your bhfb- 
Uefs bat in your bandy mufi needs be btgb- 
fy entertainhtgy fince it fo mucb engages 
jcur etttentlcn, Yes^ replied the prince, 
it interefls me extremely t it acquaints me 
nvifh myfanltf and my dfjeBsy ivbich my 
friends dare not mention to me. At the 
bme time he (hewed him the book, 
which was entitled, Tbe True and the 
Falfe of the Prince ofCondeand the Car- 
dtjral de Retz. 

The prince rcjefted more than once, 
with a virtuous indignation, the bafe 
project of dcftroying iiis moft danger- 
rous enemy the Cardinal d€ Retx, He 
heard that a genMeman of his party 
named Augcrvilie, was come from 
Guienne on purpofe to ri:l him of that 
prelate, and that the afrnfTm was wait- 
ing for his vi6lim in Tournon ftrcet. 
Cbnde immediately flew to thatrtreet, 
and found tlie man, Avg^mnlle! faid 
he, in a threatening tone, if you are in 
Paris ten bours bence, III lave you 

The duke of Rohan, who was 
reckoned one of the wife It men in the 
nation, one day told the prince, / bave 
jnft left the Cardinal de ReHs, at the hotel 
de Cheisreafe^ almoft alene'^ your good 
firluiu delivers htm into your bands i 
tarry him of, cbafltfe a man nvhofe info- 
iijsee iPidtrefkmtton ban/e ban Jo fatal 
to us. My trd! replied Conde, with 
m fmiie, tho Cardinal de Ret% is ed'vjoys 
Hvjh^hf or too *tviak, and tg continued 

Cond^, feeing his party grow weak- 
er and weaker every day, turnid to- 
wards Spain, which was we:l inclined 
to fupptrt him. Bnt the Archduke 
who tommandcd in the low countries^ 
would not diminifh his forces by fend- 
ing a detachment of his own tro^sto 
that prince s afllflance. fie negOciat- 
ed with Charles IJI. duke of Lonain, 
and engaged him to march •with an 
army ot 10,060 men, which was all 
the fubftance he had left, in order to 
relieve the prince's troops, which Tu- 
r?nre was blockading nnder the walls 
of Etampe^. The duke of Lorrain, 
naturally of a irct\ cafy, priictrating 
genius, with an ardent courage, and 
a moft cngnging affability, had ac- 
j^uired an uncommon and profound 
infight into the art of war and the fci- 
ence of politicks. He was ^ikemed 
one of the moll iiluftrious wariiors of 
the zfre. Of all the princes, of all tha 
men, m Europe, he was the mdH a^ree- 
able, and the moil popular; he was 
haughty only to kings. No fovereign 
was ever more tenderly Moved by' hit 
fubjefts, or made them more muera- 
ble. Uneafmefs, ambition, caprice, 
inconftaney and avarice, invclved him 
in the greatcft misfortunes, He had 
loft all his dominions, and he had no 
rcfource but his fmall army, which he 
rubdlled only by allowing it to plun- 
der the territories of his aliies and of 
his enemies, and whofe aillftance he 
fold by tuj ns to the emperor, to Spain, 
and to France. A faith IcTs hulband, 
a cunning and perfidious ncgociator, 
an ungrateful uiafter j he had no rul« 
of conduct but intcreft. He deceived 
Mazarin, who himfclf opened to him 
the pafTages of the frontier, and fur- 
niihed him viih provifions, and he 
did not throw off the mafk till he 
faw hrmftlf in the heart of fVance ; 
he then declared that he was march- 
ing" to the affiftance of the piincef. 
But his defign was not to fight. When 
the tluke of Orleans mentioned to 
him fome warlike operations, he only 
replied by dancing or fmglng. One 
day Cardinal de Re:z urgmg him to 
harten the march of his troops, Sir, 
faid the duke, kneeling down with 
his beads in his hand, / have afucayt 
heard that one ought to pray ijcitb pnefls. 
Mefdames de Chevreufe & de Mont- 
hs zon preffed him to a^l with more 
a^Hvitj; ,• Let us dance, ladies, cried he, 
fcrHtching a guitar, let ur ■ dance, I 
kntrw no fa/lime more agreeable to tbe 
fairfex, Thefe extravagant railleries, 
this Trin of ridicule vaA baiilct tf\V . 
gatkd -a wtl trcacb^ty . Hc^ WScen^^ 

8o Tbi 7'ra$fffcJ!iicn of Virgil fupported. 

to the fcdufiions of MtsBirin« who 

purchafed his ina£tivitf aimI retreat {. 
and all the advantage that the prtncet 
derived trom the affiftance of the Lor* 
rainefe, was, that Mazarin was forced 
to raife the iiegre of Etampes* and thut 
the army 'of the princes was relieved 
and freed from danger. 

Soon after the duke of Lorriin't 
retreat, happened the famous battle 
in the fuburo of Sc Anthony, where 
Cond£ and Turenne, the leaders of the 
two hoAil^. armies, difplayeii ' with fo 
much glory all the refources that cou* 
rage, adJiefs, and military (kill can 
furnifti. Conde, after a long and vigo- 
rious rcinin.iwe, muft at laft have fuuk 
under the fuperiority of numbers, if 
Mademoifelle de Montpenfier had not 
found means to open to him the gates 
of Paris, which he entered, Airruund- 
cd by the flower of his heroes, and 
preceded bythe colours, ftandardi, and 
officers that he had taken. Th i& bat t le 
coil the prince of Conde looo men, 
but it covered him with glory \ Lenis 
XIV. himfelf and all his court, who, 
polled on the heights of Chatonne^ 
were eye-witneifcs of the combat, ad • 
mired the conduct and valour of the 
prince. Turcnne's lofi was reckoned 
twice as great, and he was obliged 
to retire from Paris. All true patriots 
^riieved attheethilion of <o mucbFrench 
blood (hed to no purpofe in the quar- 
rel of an Italian who opprefTed the 

xhe queen, to fatisfy the nation, or 
rather to detach from the princess 
party a great number of the friends 
which he had among the great, in the 
parliament, and among the people, at 
length confented to the removal of 
Mazarin, who took refuge at Bouillon^ 
from c»hence he continued iccretly to 
govern France. This prime minifter 
had no fooner left the court, than a 
great number of the friends of Conde 
and of the country party were in bafte 
to make their peace i Conde himfelf 
negleAed nothing by which he might 
be reftored to favoui^ but the haughti- 
nefs with which the queen infifted on 
his fubmttting himfelr without referve, 
laid him under a necefiity of entering 
into a dofer connexion than ever with 
Spain. The queen caufed an edi^ of 
profcription to be publiflied againft 
nim the vei7 day that he receird the 
patent of gentralilKmo of the arroiet 
of Spain. The Cardinal de Reiz was 
confined atVincenneis Mazarin wa^ 
recalled, and he re-entered the capital, 
as it were, in triumph. The tribunals 
of the parliament kinagMcd him. 

The Guildhall gave him amagnificen» 
entertainment, and even the people 
began to refpea him. The levity and 
inconftancy of the nation were never 
in one day lb confpicuout- 


I See by your Magazine for Novem- 
ber lafi, that H. D. finds fault with 
my obfervations on ^rgil and Pytha- 
goras, but nutwithftanding what he 
has advanced againft themi they re- 
main im/lsiu guo* 

That a blunder of a tranfq^iber in 
mifplacing two lines (kould To long 
hate paiTed unnoticed, is not fo much 
to be wondered at, as that (when it hat 
been pointed out) any one of tafte 
and judgment (hould not fee it. What 
I faid iA AuJEuft Magazine, I truft it 
more than fumcient to all fuch. And' 
I would advife our young critic to, 
review what is faid itur^, and compare 
it with his own fchemet perhaps thr 
contraft may better inform his judg- 

1$ it likely then (with H. D) that 
^neas, now in Uelenus's court, fliouM 
immediately after be found failing on 
the feas; (without any of the ufual 
preparatives mentioned in his depar- 
tuie from H. ITs Terra Incognita) and 
prefently aitcr (hould be found again 
upon land, but no body knows where, 
or lor what, vrithout the leaft hint of 
his landing. 

On the other hand, is it not more like- 
ly, that the Trojans, having been fup- 
plied with all things necefTary for thcir 
voyage, and taken a folemn leave of 
their bencfaflor, towards the dofe of 
the day, fhou!d repair to their fleet in 
the harbour, and there, having ajuft- 
ed ail things, lay themfelves Sown to 
reft on the fliore, waiting for a faii 
wind I belbre midnight they were 
fummoned on fliipboard by the pilot, 
and au:cordingly they then weie^h an* 
chor, (hove their (hips off (hore, ret fail, 
and before day break had advanced fo 
far in the right courfe to Italy, that 
as foon as it was day. light they could 
fee the Italian (hore. And now, why 
(hould H. D, make that two days tran- 
fad^ions, which required but a fmall 
part of one ? And I would a(k him if 
ne takes fravtbimur Ptlag9y ^ fmndi' 
wuu "ttias to be (ynonyrous | it not, 
where is my tautology! perhaps Ut 
miftaking^ ct^ra wwmwuu^ might mif- 
lead ^im m tairour of his fcheme. 

Nelt, at to his remark upon W^e s I 
may fay (in his phrafe) I believe H* 
P. It tfie firft, (and I hope the laA) thai 


Interefiing Tranfafiions in jfmerica. 8 1 

ihlalce Mr L. as to think he the contriven ind chief promidters bf 

9^' to the borfes limbs. No, 
ton cf the horrc would caufe 
offi iti the A/> i*' the rider | of 
5 fiippoie V'j^il was c^t igno- 
id thtjctore pcihaps made life 
pjiratll. Hj\«every this was 
ccnjcf^iire, by u.iv of qiixre, 
I thoiii^Yit what S.rvius, Src. 
Upon the place did net give 
r, aod natural fenfe of the 
M|d though it in»y (atisfy \i. 
^pol boys» yet X find com- 
« iire not agrci:d about it{ 
[«rf)om T have not fscn) is (aid 
i^iQ a!l k>t theni. 
to* aU, H. P*8 ^?^ natural 
Kf, unUickily for him, may 
[toy conjedlure ; for we woi^t 
the mi<:en and hero were 
fte bufliM, but riding about, 
m'iliffcrt,2ad if the phrafe 
^■i-ao fignify that it may and 
mlly imply galloping; aiifl 
Ijpi end of tne difpute. 
I H. D. has faid agaSn|b 
: of 'oMn, is nothing to hia 
^t rather makes for me. 
eycrence of oaths is included 
■orihip of the Guds, which 
ngto Uocrates in his cpiftic to' 
cus) is ov fjuotov fivwv <»XAa xm 
tow, no occafion tnen to fpe- 
oath 'among rhe Gods to be 
«d. And H. D. has a itrange 
f tautology 5 fmcc, accordinsf 
iviiion of the deities, htiwi is 
wdrd for the infernal onc^', of 
it 3 thofe that follow ai'e of an 
clafs. An^ again, he is too 
ory in excuiihg the firft tran- 
or, his quoting Hieroclcs does 
1 anf^^er his defign, becaufe 
oianjr centuries aYtcr Pytha- 
.nd might paraphrafe Him, as 
( be bad been tranflated, and 
be he not miAake c^ko?! as the 
it had done before him. 
ver, aU and o^xov I willingly 
I U. D. if he can make any 
liter of them. 

lit the two lines in yirgil are 
rd, is pfain, I think, almoli to 


wmatipn of the moft interefiwtf 
t£fhtu m Amerua^ iont'tnuviifrom 

Bxceliencv Sir Henry Moore 
»#emor of New York having 
itiiage to the general affembly November, acquainting 

8^e-had offered a reward of 
t . {itid i)n the con vi^to/i o/ 
inr* Mfff. Feb. 176^ ) 

the late outrage* {Ste f. 49.) and de^ 
firing the geneinl aJlTtmbiy to enable 
him to fulfill his eflgagemenis^ receiv- 
ed for anfwer iyi ap addrer* full of 
loyalty iipd duty^ that as " a riot 
committed in dehance'of themasif* 
tratetf and contrary to {he known 
fenfe of- the inhabitantr. at this fd 
critical junfiure. has juftiy demandetl 
the anfmidveriicn of government % 
they aflbre hia exceUency of their 
ready concurrence in every meafure 
coiidQcivi; to good oit)er; and that 
with this difpofition thry h^te refbtt- 
ed on a proper provifion, to enable \i\$ 
Excetlencj to tulfill the enjj^agfement 
entered mto by proclamation s an^ 
that they will on alt occafinns, endea* 
vour to fapport the digni^ ASut' (utt* 
thority of giwremmeht.^*' ' ' ' 

The boufe, after prefentmg tbit ad*, 
drefsy continued the ordinary' bufinaTt 
of the province till the ittb day i»f 
December, when having tompkfefd ^, 
petition to his majtfty, another .to thii 
Lordsi'and a retnonftrance to the Com* 
moos of Oreat Britain, they funofceed- 
ed to ukiBiotn conrideratron the cir- 
irnlar letters f om the Afleibblics of 
Malta chuffet*! Bay and Vireinia, and 
unaninioufly relofved to aniiver theiK^ 
ill the molt rcfpeflfTil manner, on the 
31ft, they eiittred into fbme fpi- 
rired refolvesin favour of libeity anti 
tre ri^|jts of their conftiruent?. Of 
all which proceeding! his Excellency 
being informed, a melTage was tb:tt 
day fent, requiring the immediate at- 
tendance of the Houf^ ui the couticil 
chamber, with th'e afts ready tor fho 
governor*s alVent; thofe a^i« to th^ 
number of lliirty, being p4iired| hin 
Kxcellenc)'^ prorogued the aifrmbly tiil 
Jan. 2, and then dilTolved it by t)^' 
fulIowiiigTpeech : * 

" The addrefs pirfentcd to ine on 
the 2i$l of November lalk, in anf«i!r 
to my meffage concerning the riot 
which was infolei)tiv attempted in this 
city firicethe me<?tiagof the Honfe of 
Aftembly, gate me the moft fangni»i)e 
expe^atfors, th:^ the pr^lent Uifittl 
vyou id have terminated N*ith fiortouriO 
yovirfelves, and real benefit to your 
ccnHituents. The gentraJ abhorrence 
vriihout doqiF, of all iinmoderats 
meafurei, confirmed me in thele ieuTi- 
ment)!, and it is with the utmolt con- 
cern I am now linder the necellity c.f 
exprelfing myfclf in terms as pVinlnl 

"* In the article ia- which thit <iuira£tf i; 
re2at*d> fgr £0- oa tc^ Kfto-l'^rk. 

■^MB^..— -, , 

hiitrefting 'trcMjaiUws w Amtrisa^ 


and difagreeab^e to me ai they pofllbly 
can be to tl)C Houfe. 

•• Tlicextraoniinaiy nature of cer- 
tain refolves lateiy entered in your 
iournals,. (ume flatly icpugoant to the 
laws of Great Britain, and othen» with 
an apparent tendency to give cffsnce, 
where common prudence wouM avoid 
it, have put it out oif my power to 
continue this aClembly any Longer. 

*^ I obferve by your journil^, t)^t 
you have prepared rtprefcrntations of 
the ftate of the colpny to he prefented 
to UU Diajefty. Ciaimt tb^t .rtTpefl t^ 
^Qpremacy ot Great Bfitain, are of 
lb important ind delicate a nature, 
th^t every motive of duty and intere(l 
urge you at this ciiiical jun^lure^ to 
avoid offence, and conciliate a favou- 
rable audience tw your petitions : fro^ 
the late aiTui-ances ^ou gave me, I hope 
they are exprefltd m luch terms of de- 
cency and refped as may recommeud 
Uiem to the royal e^, and rn^rit tlie 
ai;tentioD of the parliament. 

** For my own part, I have fteadily 
aimed at, and (hail iliil continue my 
Ond^vours, to promote the proQ^erity 
of the colony } and I cannot help la- 
anenting that you have fuhcred au ip- 
temperate heat fo fair to prevail in yaur 
]K>uie, that my duty forbids me to 
countenance your present condudl \ 
for, alter you had once relblved to lay 
your cafe before liis inajeiiy, it mtiit 
evidently appear that the meafures you 
have fmcc purfued, were not only un- 
njm£bry, but in the pie^ent exigency 
cf affairs, dangerous to the colony. 

** I ttill entertain fozood an opinion 
of the houfe in generai, that I am wil- 
ling to impute thefe proceedings to er- 
for, and (hall, in nqy j-eprefentations 
of tbem to his majetty, placp them in 
the pro|)ereH light to prevent, as far as 
lays m my power, any unfavourable 
imrconceptions of the people commit* 
ted to my care, and do that juftice 
which H required at my hands to the 
many, who have the real interefi of 
tbe country at lieart^ and who have 
vriihed to fee faiier profpedls of ad- 
vanuge derived to the community 
• from your iefTiun, than tbe conclufion 
of jt feems to promife. I do now, in 
hia majefty's name, di Solve this affemr 
bty» and this aiTembly is hereby dif- 
ibived accordingly. H. MooaE. 

The refolutions alluded to in tiiit 
fptech are as follow : 

<< As it it not only the common 
Virthtight'Of all bit majcfty*t fubje^^ii, 
htir it S alio aflential to the prefenra- 
cion of the peace, ftrength and prof- 
perityof $1^ Sriti/b empire, tbatHA 

exa£l equality of conftitution^ rigM^ 
amonglt all his maje(ly*s fubie^ti ]x\ 
the feverai parts of the empire, be 
uniformly and invariably maintained 
and fupported $ and as it would be 
inconfiltent with the conftitutional 
rights of his majeily^s ftjbjedls in Gre^t 
Britain, to tax them either in perfbn 
or eflate, without xht confent of thepc 
re;>refentatives in p^liameat ^bas^r 
blcdy It is therefoie, 

R^folved, Nemine Contradicentl^ 
** That it is the opinion of this com- 
mit tee j, that no tax under any name o( 
denomination, or on any pretence^ or 
for any purpofe whatfoeiMr^ can or 
ought to bf impofed oc levied upon tlie 
perfons, eltates, or propeity of bit 

iefty*s good fuhjeds within this co^ 


lony, but of their free gift by ihejr 
reprefentatives lawfuHy convened in 
general afTemlily. 

" Refolved^ NemVne Contradicentei 
That it is the opinion of chit commit- 
tee, that as hi$ molt gifaclous ma|e(bf 
is the common fiather of all bis ^o^ 
fubje^ls, difperfed throughout the v^. 
rious parts of the Britifh empire j ai^ 
at the Common^ of Great |(r^in ii| 
pari! a m^ It aflfenible^, Ao ei\jpy j^t.cqnT 
ftitutional right of hurnb)/ |teutipii« 
ing luik raa^ty as tlie com.aiob fatfier 
of his people there, for copftitutiqnid 
beaefitB, and the renrefs of grieTaoces, 
the reprefentatives of this coloay^ jn 
general afTemblY convened, lawfully 
may, and ought to exercife the ^me 
con!titutional right, when, and at 
of\en as to them (hall fecm meet. 

'* Kefolv^di that it is tbe oninioo of 
this committeej that tbii ccJooy law* 
fully and conflitutionalLy has mid en- 
joys^ an internal icgiiSature of its own 
in which the crown^ liiui tbe oeople of 
this colony are conftitutionally repre- 
fented ; and that the power and au« 
thority of tbe faid le^iilatUFe« cannot 
lawfully or conftitut^qnally be fuf. 
pended^ ab/idged, abrogated, or an* 
■ nulled b^ any power, siuthorltyy or 
)>rero^ative wha^^oevec* the preroga- 
tive of the crov.n,qrdlnarUy exercifed 
for prorogations and dlflbltipons only 

*^ Refolved, ^i[en)ine Cohtradicenfei 
That it is the opinion of this commit- 
tee, that this houfe h^s an iindoubted 
right to correfpond «9d conittlt with 
any of the neighbouring colooiei, or 
with anv other of bis niMedy's fulijedt 
out of this cdgmy, or belonging to amr 
pait of hit nuje&y'a realm qr oonMrif- 
■ont» ather inoiyiduaUy oc fpUle^Hve- 
ly* on a^ mamri Wr^/oi^ ,t^ 
i rtptf i c y cr ^ wi»m^ titicy ^f^ con- 


Amin, iatsdh, V 

I iMfe, or of its con- 

. _ «iy be lAQed. 

t. De LatKCf iuo»ed for 

- -i^^~ M ibc ihird re- 


fiRncc imT tii^fpa^ in rear polMr M 

tbe difchvge ot thftr rcTpeAire ofl(- 

ihd rcfcaue into < _ 

~ «itli emttnnh and rnud, xtmt 

^ tkbtfwi^ that Ae aa of 

MEMiUfeNdin^ tht Tesidituni 
■ Bri niy ,»A hick infringcBcnt 
t bMdoni of the inhdiitanU of 
itwr, *iid tendi t4 (tei^'m tbem 
"^' "1 MM coiiflitudonal 

igeti^aml ■ tkbiM 
nifee hid motioD,'*Qil tfit 

"^ wlded, it wu camcti 

NlM< That k (ommUwc be 
tkaaa nmfmd niih the agtnt 
Motoaj at the court ot Otcot 
», during tbe w<xtfs of tbi( 
i,'*K4 be bfnjtir aulborilnl i6 
rMd-aad caBfnlt, during luch 
I with- anr Mher hSi m>|eay-> 
ll!eataf rhii ooTony. or bcloog- 
' •ther'^irw of hii in^city% 
W doHtinioDit eilhtr inJivida- 
f 'ColleilUci)', ori any mxlttt, 
Ifibr thing wbatiiiever, wlicrebx 
0ti, ioicrefti, or p>ivit<:gcs of 
aafe, or iu conllituenu, in or 

rato-A'. That the mcmhtn for 
If and cpunfy of Mew-Vork^ 
tob ot Richinond and Kwg'f 
i«, tQgflbtr wi'tfc fiich ot&r 
eraaa nfide in the city of New 
h»a comraitttt (or tbia (>tir^r« ■ 
n^tj tatrnticT of AH hoofe, 
WH attend, have a vote: That 
dt'conmittee (ball not iranrmlt 
Jbi« coiony, an/ letter or otlier 
B Mtill the fame ILall be Ggned 

ttiiy ihmoft and thai they 
their trioTaaioHi at everf 
MM pKeting of tlit* houTe." 

wn, wild grEiiiriHii ann rnn 

BoA afctttnt kuiBble fcrvant, 

Jii-^CSrmkr. #£>trf<*ff,7a/, ii.irH. 
" Tha conniflwrifen of hit Majcf- 
ty't orihttii la North A^nerica, ha«> 
inK maca funber coaiplainn of oh- 
A-naiau they a«d ih«ir oAicm mc^ 
aiih i« tbe neewtoa ot tbeirduty i ( 
I aift coiMBandMl by hit majaty to re- 
peat M fvu tfail it i* hi* royaLplMTur* 
«bat yba do iift your maft ftivauew 
efforbi and enrt yoArWt-in thii laqlt 
tttAiirf rtupwr for the liipport of 
tbcGOMimiilionei* of the cultoiut, anil 
M«tiaMetfaera to difchargc the dut^ 
bf Iheii' rcrpaOlK dKcei, and carry 
-Aito'hweof trade aad rc«MiM into due 
'th irtat tmiti 
obadiaiil hua»> 



your matt o 

*''9oibn,Mei>-Eng1and. Dec. J. ]t 

Bat maifpired, that our O r, and 

tftaA: df'tha other colanlei, bi«e of- 
den fiom the A— S— , not to iay 
btfort their ffcmml aflembltei tmy tf 
hit Tetteta, Or even cxtraiti front theih 
fin- the (nturtf, wiikout fpedal dirac- 
tiont fof fy doiTfj-" 

f^D the tth of NoveAiber the gene- 
ral aft'Mbly of New-Proridenc* mM 
after a IhoTt attjnurnaent. wbea ao- 
vernor Shtrlfcy made thfc fHIowit^ 

" Ut my f{iet<^ to yoa, at Hie o- 
penitif Wr itie R^on, I antaainted 

you with tfly reifant for not itiea pr*> 
lin^ with you upon the bnfiiieft flf 
g^rrtment, and tbcnbio ad* 

rtr/fVMf T^BithattnUIMpomntpartofhftnMi- 
■4 tt tbt jeJv.'i'^d'»iii6hi,ttatprerentaDolljtft 
ibt mMti- 0(91* 1^*1 Atehtioh, attd I am th«r*r 

t royal *. , 

fcire dimted by hi* majefly'i IhctataM 
of ftatk'to tak* tlie eaHtei oaportum- 

Btf, j»w pvK* ifwmc* 
r aftf ifok mJmrlirm, tit m 
0r uirrr tiMJM t» mmtf _ 
't»rifkJttiitu im finmr tft^ 

m/i» dnwlar UnmlHtvr im 
nv ^ /!« gviitrmrt ifJ^trtMt 

ti-Jk—minUlt, Mar '4> >r<8. 
l.KAMKricaliafing reprereut- 

ftfaaroOcviiiieet «riEhp«A lietrei M Aall • 

Maittad kre Acteircd fram ax- nVal wtfifetfft- the proTpeAy and in. 

iMnrHin fn the execmvM of troyenieilt «f the Knnu Maiwti. 

|mili*Mkingoin«and fiwi Y9alit^.HtftnS,ttMltnm,*fimintf 

■jn^'tenHy toyoM hi* pla»< utiiutt rifteimoiL dtlignce, aaddii- 

.^ - . -^_ J . _ . . 1 ■ _. j^((]| Jf fill «ffCC46KA ii »,«»wt 


ty of rraarmitting to him-, for bit m>- 
jeSyi Information, i very particnlcr 
■ccooht of the Bate and conditioB tH 
all tKe Bahima ifand^ that of Ibe 
f ut'k'i Mand ih f anlcular, uadar my 
'DTCniment, together with em^ id- 

»'%t«iy toyoM hi* fim- 
WfOt Oo^ve tbem aBths gf. 

84 Letter from Gov. Bernard to Lord Hiljhorough. 

of fo much confequence ; Ami further, 
I mud afPiiff you that n.^tbin;; will 
give ine more latis faction, than to be 
a means oi pruLiiiin,(>[ fomfc mark of 
his majpfty's royal in(hils»cnce for pfo- 
hl'^t^rig the trade and fettle mshtot thel'e 
3l'an<rs, %vhich ai e of fuch imjioi tancei 
partiailarly fcom their fituation as 
well at; in many other icfpe^, to the 
wothvr co»intiy 5 a point, which I do 
mot defp:iir ot being able to accom- 
pliflj Very foon. 

•* I have nbwi gentlemen, only to 
Recommend it to you to proceed upon 
the buMnefiiof this fcfiion, wi.h all the 
clifnatch the natuie ol it uiil admit 
of. in which vou miy depend upon 
my beaxt) coAcurrence. 

Thomas Shirley." 

Copy of a Litter frit m Go^. Bernard 
to LorJ HWiborongh. 

il// Lord, Rofton, Nov, 14, 17(8. 

^' I come now to confider that part 
of my orders which re'ares to the rc- 
formine the bench of jufVices: This is 
to be done by tw:o ways. 1. By ad- 
dirt; new 'p.illices to the piefent bench, 
either by engaging gentlemen who are 
already jn the commilFion to qualify 
then:>fclvei, or by granting new ccm- 
mifTions to Fit perfons who will un- 
dtrtzike to a^t. a. By removiusr fuch 
perfons in the contminioii who are 
know^p to he jnte6ted with principles 
pf difatfe£lion to the con(titutional 
authority of parliament. The lirft 
jpf thcfe is practicable in both its 
'ornn Jies ; the fec-^nd in at prefent ab- 
solutely impiatliticabie, and will remain 
10 while the council make the hu- 
ir.oiiring the people their chief object. 

In r^ard to the lirtl, I have alieady 
m.adi; feme .attempts to engace fome 
p,tnt!emen now in the commilYion to 
qualify themfelves, and ihall purfue it; 
^nd notwithifanding the uiidtrtakins 

ment by means of a conned, the ma- 
jority of which has (indirectly at ha(t) 
avowed the fame princip/-?, and now 
appears to act in concert with that 
party from whence the (ipnofirion to 
padin ment originated, it twuid l-t: aii 
a{t**mpt contrary to all rules ot policy 
and piiidcnce. It would reouie to 
be done by a public enquiry, vhich 
would recifiwc all the oi>tt. i.cticr.i and 
embarri<rni*.nt which the thicai^-fry of 
]aw(x)uld invent; and ifafrer all. fall 
proof of difaiTcCtion to the ai r'^ority 
of parliameut Uiould be nt i> e. it 
wou'd bfi declared not to h^ reicvant 
to infer An-h a cenfure. Ir would be 
therefore in vain to punii'.i dinrfccVion 
to the authority cf parhamt. . i:n ii! 
the criminality is better i/t . i'i:Mid' 
than it is at preient. To fuopoj t 
conjefturc, in whst inj^r.ner the »Ow •- 
cil would a6t in fiici. a pi' .ceo ii .4 I 
need only refer yo:arl.ordM.»o to their 
condudi, aud the pr cr* tiir\ -nve 
pubiifhed within th.fe two iir>u hs 
iaft pal>. 

" And yet, my Lord, I tv^vVd not 
inGnuate that we have no ■x n: j-cts 
for fuch a cenfiire : The lou- «>< Li- 
berty have not widi.*ut v.:i?if- 
trates. We feen jufti-.c- ;;■ tend- 
ing at lioeity ^ree; one tv^ Qilmv i;t«T 
an oath to the )bmp-maller, w.htr. he 
was obliged to fwear tlrni be vv^ ii'd 
not execute his offlrt ; a;!0*htr :o ^c- • 
form the fan6liO:j o^ toil miikr; a 
third, but lately 10 confiik jUnit •v-r- 
tifying the tt>wn } cthtr^ ro \uxi^t:':n 
a procefTion of forcy five carri ij*-'"' '•'••^. 
ninety two perf'^ns, oh il-f i4rh i 
Augufl lalh A»! !h'.:fe a." - ..I i 
in two liAs whi'Lh Lc:-!''" • i---^ j 
that ot the five iciest m.»n v*. "o lijir-d 
the circular letter for flic co.ivct.tion^ 
of which all but the rtilt ^re in the 
commilfion, and that of thf- et^ht juf- 
tices who figned the rctafal to biilet 
js very difcoum^ing. I expert I fliall the foldiers. Now, if the crnfure ot* 

have (bn^e fuccels. I have alfo madie 
an tll^iy to appoint new juftice*, who 
uoula cnjra9;fe to ift by naming bnc 
very fit ptrlon. It was recti veri very 
cnoly by the council, and dpon alking 
the rear<Mi, I ^as told he was not po- 
pular > l replicil, that if be had bten, 
I (1m >u Id not have named him. As hk! 
Viasal.owcd to be in every other ref- 
. j^eola molt yintxceptionanle man, it 
'nalTc4 unanim«ully J but it ejave me 
to know what I muft expcdt^if I prd- 
pQ^cij, a man ^ho was not popular, a- 
k:iin(l whom aji v. except ion couhl tie 
Vak«?n. ?Mt 1 Tiiall foon try again. ^ 
'«• A=v lor removing perfotis for their 
^jip'jriucii lo the aiithoriry of parliik- 

thefe proceedings Ihould produce an 
order to me to luper(ede the commif' 
fions of theib gentlemen, it would be 
a trial of th^ power pf the governor : 
it feems at prefent that the council 
would not enabk me to execute fuch 
an order, 

** It is a great deftd in this govern- 
ment, that the king has no power over 
the commilHons which are granted ih 
his name and under his (eal. He can 
by order in council difallow a law 
\vhich hfts pafTed by the governor, 
council, and houie of reprdentatives % 
but yet be cannot fuperfede a commif* 
fion which has been granted by the 
goviernor and council. And yet tfat: 


Stati ef Lihertj in Foreign Nattetu, 

jjayiiul oF lliii prannc* i* as macfa 
oU «t ibe cunmial of tbe kinft, at the 
Bouieor reprdCMUivM ]i| wherer-ore 
itfeenu 3* rtilbubiB thit tbe kin( 
tbnntd ta allowed fVontBi tlie mil- 
ukm of the goremor and coanci), u 
bf (be goTCcnor, riundl, and houl^. 
Ai it b. aben tbt govM-hbr ba* «nCe - 
lit the kmg^ ful lo a commiOian, it 
ii fbr cVer ant ttf tb« haodt of the 
' aMm f Slid ttte yerfon wbo haa ob- - 
' BoBcd ft inav hcncffonb tlety tba 
tinft, oppbfe )•)* )*<*(, and inntt hit - 
mcfmiwat, and he in bo daagc^ of 
Mi% Mb comaliflKMi*. It it tnie lb« 
|Otcmo^, with the adrice of cbundlt 
tn fopctiUe bira ; htw if bcaAt in • 
popular oiifc, under whuta opfoGtioH 
tapHttrtiiMiH flftdt itcaiy to Ibdter ' 
iduf, dM cmmcili '*fao are (hcfnlelvci 
ibb cT Mitiirq of tbe peo ple, win never 
jfim mUSTmigNtnat ■■ dcafurtafe 
Ibe w i fa wiaga flf litnny. It majr 
be fnd tb«t the ravernOT SHnU taka 
can not to'4|tpaIiH *itj One wbefe<^- 
rafter ia not well known. Bat tbe 
JHverAor doe* not perfbnally know 
half of thofe whom he appoint* U 
oCreti h it not therefotc is hit po*- 
vto ^an} againit impofilton, let liim 
bee*er rocitiiiomi befidci, a itiaa't 
(Mitical charaAtr often doet not ap- 
pear till be it got into tn oflic*, and 
thereby Held forth to the public. 
Hence it it not unufitil for a perfeni 
iriio' hat not ditiiiigiliOted fatnlfelf in 
politieal matien, lo gtt himfelf re*- 
commended (o thb gOT'entor ai a man ' 
well difpo fed to government t and at' 
loon «i he hM leccived hit comminion, 
to declare tor the party of the foni of 
libertv. - The governor may refent the 
impolition «• he plearei{ buthecan't 
dndo what he hat done. Thug the 
commilBant of' llie kine, like hit can- 
non opon another ocu^n, are turned 
Igainft him. 

*■ It -would ferve to remedy thit 
abafe and ftren^ihen government, " 


in tbe roi^il governmenft, notwiih- 
tttndmgtbc cuntroulthc king liatovcf 
the cQiiOcil!. For it ii very pnfliiHrj 
confidfring the Tpiril which prevaiU. 
tHattven a toyai council may fupjiort 
a popnlar ma^iftrate agiinlt the inte- 
rs oF Hie nown. And >( ihr c6lo, 
niet fbooU prevail to hive the jitilgei 
cdmrniniohs durin|; good bchAvtour^ 
wbkb Tome of ilieni are now very 
ednleft bhnnf, it might be proper th»c 
tbe kinc in cuunctl Ihould be im- 
pbwerMgD |iii<ge and determine upoif 
fbch ttliftehjviuur as would avoid tbv 
commifidn- But this will not b« ne- 
cHTaryr if the gepteral inffruSioni of 
granltng no cominiflioni but during 
pleafiirebe continued and punauilly 
Obftrvedi nor»ill It lie nccffTiry tliat 
fdch'an aa llinuld be geiirrilj it i; 
more wanted in thit lOvertimAit tbas ' 
in 111 the othtrt toMihcr) afld eref 
here Ibe dcAft Aoithl be cnrtd br 4 
rdyal cooDCil. 

J^ mibwrntUOtvaMi, 

^»* A. B't frit»A Utttr h»> trai 
nctiiitJ, a»d it uSim m gMd ptwt. 
Tbeagb ibt AmtriMm 7rmmf(»a'mn map 
fttm tiima at pfefent, viAi* tverg 
Ntwi fattr iijkit ^ Ibtm, ftl btrtafiir 
ttij luill ajftri matiriabfw tut mp«f- 

ta»t pmrl I 
limi^ T. 1 

tbt tifiny »f Itt frtfini 

thcl^ffwaa cnahled by order in hit 
privy coDncil to TuperfMe comrniflioni 
granted in hit name, and under hi 

tea), when they (hall appear 
granted to improper perloni, or made 
[i>e of for improper purpofei. Thir 
mnit be done by aft ot parliament,' 
and I don't fee the impropriety of 
Ach an »&.\ it feemi to me to be a' 
proper power to he veiled in tbe' 
crownt elpecially at \ time when tho 
frown wantt to be tbmgtbened by all 
hgal meant in thii country. And it 
fcmt thai it would be betRr to be' 
Mom by* general oA than a partid 
WCf mmit * power n*/ be tranttd 

Siavtry ii lit t/ldblifimunl afa rigbl, 
lubub givti i» ni mwnfaib d famtr 
. rvrr antbir, at rendtri bim abftiult 
aafitr gvfr ku lift arndftrtaiit. 
Ijtbtnfiiwaldbt »fitnJiag tratf, tbt/Mi 
, Strj fiuUd Utit wr ammta -mitb tbt 
. ftBflt, and Mtfiftralttiait, bmrratki. 

V Ji'lrifi.JbimU bifugirtd. 
im 4trmy •viilt tvtr dif^* thtfaatt, mA 
refftS iti i^tri. Mountefqieq. 

SLAVERY, in many hitleout formtt 
I have fecn in many partt of ihe 
world I In Denmark, where the noble* 
on their kneti, have begged the king 
M trip them of their findt, for that 
tbey were taxed at more than the^ 
wcrewDiih. 1 have Teen Rfieen gen- 
ifamen-and merchanti rife from labia 
to milce their lowelt reverence to all 
enfKrn of the kittg'i tmopi, and pre- 
cedence given bim. In PrulTia I Aav^ 
feen a genltCman ai)[' a permit of ihv 
c^maadinf officer for leave toj^'tcr 
hii own country h')u'e, who fa*e it xri 
bim for a HmitlKl number of dx^i\ 
Haf, tbe kiDg'f umy u« ^V&tmt^v^ 

t^^ hi^ve not leafe to.g9L oat of the eaftvard, we ibftllfiad that the whole 

gates hut in their c(irpS4 ot Afu it kep« iii the moft abjeft ftate 

The whol^ enifHre M b the faiiiiei of boadagei there i» not- a man* id 

jft^te. At Haaovety tanenbourgr ^mL Itoit Wft legioa - that bfeathee lib«rlgr. 

fS^lly oiic-icarce Teea or bean any thing Chiins, koMgr> tni in lri|le, am xlwfc 

but foiflion^ drams aod fifetf cvel^. 
the c6nf ei:fiKtite cl^^tiir women tiifna 
bo gr ena d ie rt^ dragooAa^ and.baitah 
Ii6iit. Th^e it ho Tvattr^ in Gati 
many (txccpt in a few Haiufl To«aM> 

to HoUadd t ha%e feen a nftn wbb 
icAine jfirom 'BruAels. w&o fdfceefifM, 
hf the death of hit brotbert to a iam 
estate I at a nublic ordinirj^ finSi 
X>btchnicfii jyttujd'hin bow ranch i|a 
tnVentcdt TbeiMior man aaadedan 
nnfiter^ bat %in^ ^fliccU fii^ k tiii 
hot hit inicvet to |eU( toe if fpncn 
Charlel diould bear, ha;woal4 
iiftder fi>au pretext o^ dilier» take it finr 
tbe queen t u(e. . 

^ Fivf ydin £nor» I fpent ibtfke tlma 
in France^, wkoeyet faya that that na- 
tiod it i^ gayeK in fpiritt and ap|[ia* 
lel> it greatly miftaken { for whatever 
gaiet]^ thfite h> it oniv at Parity whiUk 
the TiUagert anA peatantt are mifera- 
bly poor, andtialOnf tha Meditem- 

tbe cbntomliatfrajif power, M4 tbevi* 
^ve^twayt aamgd'^be moaarch^ 
* May Qi%atlritaliliand btroatdidML 
^bSsh,!^ tfriMt^haw Aieh a^ noWa 
fenie of liMitf, .over i«iain tCf 4M 
tey'tbeytlwayt^mamber^ that fill, 
difw kieaondont lihe ledrhk -'' 

k ii:a tnoi #Blinehoiy ^kf«fitaiott| 
that Iba ■ An^pite|tt« whb fuitt ttoan 
Bdod «nd%loyill* AibjeAt for one hoft- 
2fed awl iHf yedbrtpat, *oiildf;aa 
09 a -fiRidenf. imd wkhin tliefo fivt 
yaafl». btJ^faAaiht t^ have forBotaeik 
tbeir aUegianoti and mitafcenlf cm^ 
fidered aa dillaya&f titditianat and tacr 
tioat> aad> thambva ao drmyit Am 
anoag theni«^wlii^ f-thinlM' caiuw^ 
aai^er anyone goad porpofiit >4n* ia 
pregliaAt'witbathoiiMnd^vilt*! - 
f «tiy Sir^ymfh Wt.i 

npQeKita paflun^ui tbnBoaltol 
X P/Un^ which wrietwittikr^ipia 
difficulty » in reiptftof omat ieaft. Tbn 
Oommentatort^liofa thave f a en»t ou dk 
it very liffhily^ and tht Natoraliib 46 
not perMJtlf agree,. dr» it mthA* anf 
be raid, tkfit^. Tbe worda «% 
* .At be tlociiod. hintfidf wiA car&ns 
*.Uke aa #itb bit ganhianti So^kttt 
^ coMfta into bit bowalt likt amor, afl4 

nean» moftly barefoot. Joft bdfbra' 
I wat at Mmtpfelitr, tin edift came 
fom.coii#(V'4mpo(ing a caX| hgainft 
whieb the pfOj^ had renmnfHraiacI, 
but in vain* Th^rofii, and titOQ*. 
Cindt of them appeared in the mttr*' 
ket platei' - (be^ dnbe of f irv Jamei^ 
who conunanded in Languedoc, ven^ 
lured among them, in order to expof- 
tuiate^ i)nt ftrtdlngtharwcttid not do^ 
he pointed at the brazen boHe and 
bit rider, Lewie XIV. wh<^ with bil 
troDcbeoa trf ^omiaand^ lookt at teir* 
liUe- at Hevoalaty and in many of th4 
ddet of Ftanoa am fuah ftatnet, in 
drder eo^wt andtetriiy the rieoplbi 
bfowerer, tba aft wat repeafaai bilt 
iMi «n ibflance of tnky wat MvVr 
known fai tkle kingdom btfdmc A 
Idngdnm, wbicb atOioagb It cdntato 
•^Meen miliiont of peopie, bat, fbr 
«get» been enHaved by meant of ftaiod* 
fag armktt and tttm which almoft aU 
Europe haetaken the e)(ampie of keept 
Ing np nn exorbkant nmnber bf 
trMMeven in timet of ^ace. 

Ibafoliiea^ in that ooantty» a Jtttil 
^lemand bk money fitoni an oftotn 
«»bo paid him half bit bill for the 
^ihoiet OntfaRcredkor^complaming^ 
the oAoer betd «p;bit cuff» snd that 
bid bim ifo Vemmber iifanft Hveiy 
tbatwaa. . . 

. €%ch an» ■ fcW bf tbe.Vnaby thft»b» 

km tliat I buve Xieen, of flavcry in En* ^ ^ .^ 

inyv/ tytiftrehok ^ Hitk faftt* ^iaR!«^Mti1«^tiM«m^m«i be \o^ 

. likn oyl into hk bonet«* Ff* cix. rt. 
dome think tbe aUdba k to the cA 
fticiuog clofe to Um boiiet» othert^M 
Uie phoetraidng natum of it. But nei* 
tbarof chnfeinterpmtationkiwm tobd 
fttfideafc, aa one fobAanoa map iKdL 
dole to» and ewen penetrate anolk^ 
nrithoat doAog any barm 1 wherana lb* 
oMtextnmKum of tbe {^aflage'iwma 
to imfdy (bmetbingthat k bniefblind 

riuieioot to ibe booea« And imfemA 
it aftrtnd^y ibme great namat^tbat 
M iaji«al^pt«liudidal to dMa. - ITbub 
Dr. Nkmrn^ favt, * Tberak^ui^ 

< thing mora pemlcmua to a mloeA 

< bonctJUian to pat oil, dr any^i^ 

< mmftnre npdn it, arbicknilk orafe b 

< miierabk corrnptinn tbereHi t u>n 

< ^ich acoonat k it, tbat die ofeoft 
« Ikilful InMont, tn ttncatum abm^ 

* tbe dHoa(M o^tke boneti do moft 

* eaitfoli^ warn tho reader againfttkb 
^ ra«te.* And tbeA be citet tbe an^ 
ttmrity tif BUtmrnt and ^mttm^ ob^- 
ftrvibg, XMrt wat n6 for^MT oe ca Ba4 
te any dtbesr cVkSence in tbit nebal(^ 

.4idrefs ef tht Cenvecatiai to hit Mi^efty. 

ft the nwft Eimflat ind 

ly nnked aaneffi the nwft Etmaat ind 
IkilfiU m«a in i^ trt of DMdiflni.- Be 
coDcludci^ <*fapn«r h«i,"!^lfrni: thU 

* <«H«i'4Sa«--,ln ur cwfioenMe 
1 degree jB B'Knflc periiM^ In^ hii 
' bean inlbpsed tbMw fan* ttKf bo 

■ pnidiK«d.<ir«tla»ik^«]ggtWi'«l, l)r 
< U9 Gqi^ or okagineut , taatttn,- 

■ mUtaMd* cnfefiii ifeat^tM ^vntA 
t Mi4c«rie«rc«(cwKmlw«lrlfnb0d 

I tbcfe w<m4i -of tbe VSt\»iA-i Oene 

* «Mter W^jtf,' meotionedu 
' tbk WKttfffB both of tbcai the moft 

* nenicMuu thing* imaginabkto the 

* l lPM i ." 'Ti9 cerrAJn, lUit in Ibe 
SaflcCA countiies, they^iifml mucb i>il 
ItbODlThe iiiimii) body, for iht 

islUAaduil dimei, but tt l}io])l(] fcem 
SroiiitbM p3|l3j>e in the iya/ai, V'^y 

K aware m ih^ hmt lime, ihnc uil, 
beneficial faeser it might bono 
llw UO) was hui tlul [a the bonei. So 
&r. lb good. 
4a'kw, Gr, othen do sot ifipr*: 
bnd tbu oil bu aiw fudi qoiioin 
- «wlb7, in reiQiieQ of boac^ ud tli^ 
-jj ^ __ - ■ - - t to (i,;^^ ii fc„ 

lomift. Dr. 
■ Umaw, when be enmiKntet tbe jttn 
' of themarrctw.haieaidcnilirAevaV 
Ben, ■ iptaX annomift-aftrti) Ihet oil 
GomriborM t9 \^eJiM H tf\ifAe fMt«, 
Vd Hn kcaw dilquMitgr flMkeby ex* 
■Ktineim tbat it wiU cvea reflore ib| 
Jg#iMM{r of tbem. Wbct tba ii tn 
W dobe in tbie ufe 1 Hoir arc we (q 

whether ml be butt^i) «rlNi£ficial t^ 
tbbbeiMif FerAirT*'^''''^"^! '*"<> 
wKhlMDo fartbee-Mqnlliea.nigbtbf 
auds npoD tbi« rabieft^iiAi'iB tht 

4b^ii, |w.«rlll be -' =*^ 

at it ii a ruffieteat yt 
tbat ia hit dan itw 
' ' ruWtanc 

•0 Ua 1 , 


id, (hat 
<mm^, thaagb upo^ 
■taaiiA prove otberr 

■naaio) now. that tbe ^DriptHre* wcai 
aqt iMapdadta teack tu pUolbpbv, 

^ . . ..■.. T. Row, 

■y iafc tbat, ei> the coatraiy, he 
inata^it mW tendf to hinder ibc 
MfeR-.sp'adieattiiinn excr ling their 
tt^wafOmen fiK-tbit purpofti oj be- 
IMnilt|b>i)i fcawdagfae, acenncnt ip 
oawaaw.thr oakaraoMipanideaof our 
' Tbat tUtii the caCt will 
. Viam, ba &y% br tire ea- 
t-M Mta an n M at .of caloatpg a bone 
tmAS,n*MA M aa iaarttmaaiea 
Iflaaflhrvbicb, it DotdifatbedwiU, 
l i i m mm ut i u ik, retain iu ForaMrlbaa*. 
InrMone 1^, lobbfdtSitt aggU- 

. Caaierbury, i^ ... . ^ 

beg leave to prelent our nioft humbla 
and fincere congntukatioiu to. yoof 
aujcft)', upon the encreale of you 
.royal and illuttrtoua tnullv ; every lAr 
ditioD to which, we, 
naajeHy'a faiii.iu 

I a lurtlier Ui\u iiv oi n^o'r inva* 
iHfhlc Uefllngl, wiil^h inr- i:::i >:l ha« 

enioycduadv th: H -.- . ' t i fmi^ 

aod ai a plectge a . "ilti 

It ii the Kieati wejl 




at thedceoaft tt. 

four faitlifiil dvgy take ihii oppocttiT 
JU^ pfitheirbainKrCAiivuiad, to repeat 
fbeir tht^fubtcfl to your nule^y fof 
tfae fnouent aJTiip.Bcei whiqb you hart 
.^wa viem of yoor firm fcMution to 
nayitaii^^m in the tulj cnjoynent of 
their dieu and religiout riaht*, and |0 


ihftiiibhai <a.y«»Msi>to^Maaod 

£fdSea aoaa a geadc tMcli i hut af- 

Amttmit, anu.^iMi- H tifinm, Mr. 

Mkkm, bft^ a^M «f a fid^cvat 

«4Ha8liiyafml( A»eh a dagr«e of ta- » v 

< J Mi a yiaaaf ba-ragana^^rt fe aa wiB roa^ce tfaeir public icluipwl 

A'jaliow JMQ be takm an aad haadlad tbe exMrieaee they baye hadof your 

flcfaaly.' «aibaat beealuag. Tbat «il ftriA adberencc to tbofi) gracious i<h 

ji.adariibatM»i>«t ia.aba fahility of chiatipoa. 

^abofkoiqiii by pievMtiiw thaniMaa — -~ — " 

$ ■main Itmr bf<itbtj *h»*tT^ -iH - « BluknA DlGTuifiiim m Mcdlchca 

J * -JJ m l ) I '^L ii .' JiV ' ■I' m -ibudiSBketbeSHnBrp. 14- !>M.wbanb4 

■•.•i |8ppiai|(ttp, -Sflifc. »M»Ml- 1. f. eite.Mow*'. Aauaow.of thf flnn»,«^ 

•fc-M.. - .- -|y^r*°»A% .. . ^^ 


Recipe to prevent thi Smut in Wheat, 

flffj^pv. fir, \«t>nlH ir be tof thig ni- 
iiup. It your joy.^l aiithuiitv, if yt;ur 
}1Iiiiiiioii>ex!«iii|Mt?, if the i: rlstei.tcOt* 
yoirr j'rivate public virtues, l.nil a 
more po*vM*ul ertVct u^on the ininjs 
apil n-'ia'sof your ptop!e. i^ut we 
art ot)li,t>(.d to L-onfei's v.\\\t we with 
/orrow f/okrvc, \\\.'X a dirjvj^aiil to the 
facrtd precepts c't Chrifiia r.:-y, un»! a 
fieglcit of its molt eilcntirit duties b^- 
toine fvcry d.iy inure general through 
jtll ranks of men ; micl th:it a r;>irit of 
iicentiuiilners orevaiis both in ti-.e wri- 
fing«i and piadtice of the times, equiHy 
dangerous to the b^ft cor.nitiitcit civil 
gox*. rnnient, and to the putc;l inude^ut' 
ft iigitnis woifliip. 

Under thefifi ciraiinft^ncts we, wlio 
iire the molt imraediateiy enga^t^d in 
thcfcrvice ot reJigion, feel our^elve*, in 
21 moie peculiAi* manner caller u]H>n to 
check, as tar a? we are able, the grow- 
ing eviU we lament ; to imprefs, in 
tile Aronireit manner, upon the minds 
of the people, ^delil> to, and zeal for 
the eltablidied religion <>f our coimtiy, 
with moderation and Ciiriitian cnartty 
tovi'ards tliofe Who have the mi>fbrtune 
'to differ from us j to adnK^iniih th^^ni 
to be attentive to the facrcd principles 
of religion, and to \\\'t their u.niott en- 
deavonis V*i maker their livcti conlui m* 
able to its holy doi>rinc. 

Thusalonecan we acquit ourfelvts of 
our duty towards Gvodj, and contribiite 
.tn the prefent welfare and future hap- 
J>ine/s uf oiir fellow creatures. 

Ill ihcfe our pious endeavours, we 
know we can depend upon tbe counte- 
nance and prottftion of vour majefly r 
M.<y you, fir, with ihetirirtance df the 
Ainii^hty^ loni; continue the firm iup- 
port of the Protetkant taith : M^v the 
fame Pfovidence, under whofe divine 
prote<Stion, yoU carried on and con- 
cluded I he mort fucccfslul war that is 
recorded in the annaU of our hiliory, 
enable you to preferve to your people, 
for a courfe of many years, the blel- 
fings of i>eacc i and may you continue 
■ to derive conftant fatisfa£tion to your- 
felf, from a fenfc of that happinefi 
which your fubjcfts receive from the 
wifdom and mildnefs of your govern- 

.{Tfl <which addrefs bis tnajefiy nuas phaftd 
ti) nturn tht /Mowing anjhsjtr s 

•* I return you my thanks for this 
very dutiful and loyal addrefs, and for 
- the (hare you take in my domeftic hap- 
pinels, fo warmly expreffed in your af. 
f«^ionate congratulations on the in- 
creafe of my taroily. It it with the 

greatcft plcafure I obfervc yoMr re!*- 
anoe on my in'nri^b?e feftlntson id 
prelt-rve aid imi'Tain the civii a; d 17- 
liglous ri:-;hts or ri.e church (f I' v.i\' 
|:«i»d, as by i:»w; •jl^iMifhed. You n.ziy 
deptnd ujjo.: n,y tonflant apptobntii.n 
and Itroi^gHt (upport ot yonr tndea- 
voms \'i jiipprcls that fpiiit oT iitc*- 
tioufiiefs .Tnd in. morality, viliicl^ i:;;for- 
tuiiatt'y urtvailji fo much at this tim^*. 
I'he \cry lamlable zeal with which }ou 
excit yourlclvcsin impreflirg, up -n the 
minds of the peo}»lc a pjt»i>cr (tnfc «.f 
our holy rrlipion. and juit ob'civanc^e 
of die laws of this h<ippy cor.liitutit 11, 
wiil ever n^eet with uiy countenance 
and pro:e6tion/* 

t^etterfrom Mr. John P.eynold?, <?/" Adi- 
lham,/« Kenf, loIJr, Peter Te:nple-, Secretary to tie Socit'J} /or tLf 
EfiCQuragemeni (^ ArUn 

Worthy Sir, 

THE following receipt will afTurecf- 
\\ prtvcnt the fmut, and rcnd«" 
hoth the ibwi09 and drilling; of wheat 
much more e:>ly and certain (I meaii 
a> fo the qiuiniit)) than any other lu.s- 
thod hitherto pra^tiftd. 

A tub is to te procured that has a 
ho'e at bottom, \\\ which a ftaiF and 
tap hofc is to be fixed over a whifp of 
draw, to prevent any fmall pieces df 
lime paffing^, (a.- in the brewing way j) 
thi^ done, we pnt 70 gallons ci water, 
then a corn builici heap-full of flone 
lime, ur.Uaked, Uirrtng u x^e^l till the 
whoie is diuolve<l or mixed , Iciting )t 
Hand about ^o hours, and then ruti n 
otf into anoUiertub as clear as we rait 
(as prsiVtiled in Iver) this generally 
vroduces a hogft-iced of good fliong 
lime water, then add three peck* of 
fait, 42 pounds, which, with a littfe 
(iirring, will foon diflTolve \ thu« wV: 
have a proper pickle fpr the purpofe of 
bitning and liming our feed whtit 
without any manner of obftacle, w hitli 
is more than can be faid in doint; it tlfe 
common way, and greatly facilitates 
the drilling. 

Herein we (Icep the wheat in a broad - 
bottomed haiket of about 14. inches 
diameter, and 20 inches deep (tdr 
large fowihg made on purpole) lud- 
ning in the grain gradually in f snail 
quantities from 10 to ii gallons up fo 
16 gallons, ilirring the fame : What 
floats, we (kirn off with a ftrainer, aiAi 
is not to be fown: then draw up the 
haHcet, to drain over the pickle, for. a 
few minutes \ all which may be per- 
formed within half an houi, fufficiehtljf 

pickled ^ 

^be Office of Bapfifm explained. 






JrieUedj and U> proceed as before. 
Tbxi done, tbe wheat will be fit for 
ibirug in 34 hoiin, if required \ but 
ifdeiigned for drillio?, two hours pick* 
eUed will be foand Deft ; and if pre- 
pared four or five days before-hand, 
IB either r\(t it iliakea no difference at 
ail that I know of) hut fliould the feed 
be clammy, and tHck to the notches in 
the drill-oox, more lime rauft be added 
to the lime water ; here the mailer 
ihuft vie his difcretioh, as the cafe re- 
autresyfor fome lime hns much more 
itrying or aftnngent qualities in it than 
others ^f fen -water can be obtained 
cojiveiuenti), much lefs fait will fuf« 
fice, but feme will be tound neceffhry 
even then, otherwife the light grains 
wiil not Aoat, a thing of more coufe- 
quence than is generally imagined, 
and ought to be fkimmed c\X and 
dirowR aHde for pouUr)-» &c. 

I fay this from well-grounded ex- 
perience, having pradtifed thefe me- 
thods for }o years paft, and never had 
any bla^k wheat when prepared as a- 
bove, either from fowing or drilling, 
en great variety of foils, and large 
i|uantities too ; all which is cbnfirma- 
twn enough to continue its pra6lice. 

JokN Reynolds. 
*^* The Society has received infor- 
mation, that on experiment it has 
been found, the wheat may be fown in 
two houn after beinj; put into the 
brine, provided the brme is ftrong e- 
nouzh, and due attention is paid t* 
th« Itrength of the lime water. 
Publidicd by Order of the Society, 

Strand|Feb. 8,1769. 

Of tbe Office £/" Baptism. 

TVLf. rites of Baptil'm in the firft 
times were performed in foun- 
tains and rivers, becaufe the Converts 
were- many, and thofe ages were un- 
provided with other baptiiteries (bapti- 
xing placet) and hence it is we call our 
bapcifteries, Font.<:. 

Chrift chofe water in this Sacrament^ 
to figntfy his wafhing our fouls from 
fin. The form of Baptil'm, as to the 
eilfcntial oart of baprizing is, In the 
Name of the Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghoft. Inftituted by our Lord and 
Saviour Jcfus Chiiih The fubjefls of 
this Baptifm are infants and per font 
grown up. Infants are brought to 
church, that there may be many wit. 
nefles of this folemn aft-, and that o- 
tbers iliay be put in mind oi their vow, 
and becaufe thus they are admitted 
mcmbcra of our religious aflcmblies in 
the pfvpr platt. The word baptize, 
^Geht. Ma|^- Feb. 17^9.) 


fignifies to wafli, and is applied to this 
Sacrament *of Baptifm, becaufe that is 
an outward wafliiiig. Parents mutt be 
careful to get their children baptized, 
for by this ordinance their origmal fin 
is waibed away, and they grafted into 
the body 0/ Chrift, fo that if they die 
before they have committed a£lual fin, 
they are uiidoubt^dly faved. If they 
nei^led, they muft anfwer for putting 
their children *8 falvation on fo great a 
hazard, but it is the contempt, and not 
the bare want of the Sacrament, which 
makes it damnable, and fo cannot be 
imputable to the child. Thofe who 
are of riper years muft anfwtr for 
themfelves, and make the covenant 
with their own mouths, and the God- 
fat heis are only witne/fes to the fa6^, 
and mull be monitors to them, to live 
Well according? to their vow. The 
prieft afks if the child hath been bap- 
tizcd, becaufe St. Paul faith, there is 
but ore Baptil'm, and as we are born 
but once, fo we are born again but 
once, that that- Baptifm commanded in 
the Holy Gofpcl^ is not to be (inder- 
ftood by any mcan^i, of the inward and 
fpiritual Baptifm, becaufe adls of in- 
ward faith are, and ought to be, often 
repeated J therefore Baptifm, \*hich 
cannot be repeated, cannot be the in- 
ward but the outward Baptifm. To 
baptize with the Hely Ghoft is pecu- 
liar to Chrift alone, for none can bap- 
rize with the Holy Ghoft, but he who 
call fend and beuow the Holy Ghoft, 
which is blafphemy to afcribe to any 
creature. (Mr Leilie.} 

Sureties or Godfathers are injoined 
by cuftom, which gives the Cliurch fe- 
curity that the child ftiall not becom^ 
an apoftate, and provides a monitor 
both for the child, and its parents, to' 
mind them of this vow, viz. (the God- 
fathers and Godmothers in behalf of 
the child) becaufe in Baptifm we are 
making a covenant. God hath given! 
the promifes, which are his word, and 
therefore good reafon we ftiould give 
our word for the performance of the 
conditions on our part ; and (met that 
infants cannot make a covenant them- 
felves, the Church lends them the feet 
of otKers to bring them, and the 
tongues of others to pr«)mire for them. 
The Godfathers promife doth oblifije 
the child, for by the wiicft law in the 
world, guardians may contract for 
minors or pupils, who arc bound to 
perform what their guardians have 

Since the belief of the Trinity is tlie 
peculiar and didingRilhtng article of 
the Chriftian Faith, therefore Cijiiift 



Powerful Effeas ofjimpk Remedies. 

appoiatf they (hall be made Chriftianty 
by being thus baptized in the name of 
the three perfont of the Trinity, idly, 
This '"olcmn naming of three perfoM it 
a kind of calling them to witne(s from 
heaven, that we may as it were profeft 
before thefe three witneflfes our un- 
feigned faith, and fo we have the fame 
for witneifes of our faith, who made ut 
the promifet of falvation ; and fnre we 
fball never fill off, who have fealed 
our profeflion in the prcfence of the 
Father, Son, and Holy Ghoft. 

The minifter doth baptize in the 
name of three perfons in the Trinity, 
and this he doth in God's name, and 
by hit power and commi/fion, and that 
the baptized perfon \% dedicited to, 
and engagred to worfhip and {ftyt the 
Holy Trinity. Either of thefe fcnfes, 
at it proves them all to be perfons, fo 
k fets them in an equality in a th'^ng 
that can only belong to the Divine Na- 
ture. (BiOiop Burnet.) The prieft 
fprinkles, and not dips, id. becaofe 
'Che efficacy of the S^icrament de^^endt 
not on the quantity of the water, but 
•n the Grace of God. idly. The cold- 
nefs of our climate hath made thu 
cuftom almoft necelTary. The child 
IS (igned with the (iRn of the crofs on 
the forehead, for the clearer mani- 
feftation,. that this child now belongs 
to Chrift. The church fets his fign and 
peculiar mark upon it, a culloro by 
which the primitive ChriftiansdecLired 
their religion^ which continued in xiin 
in the time of Conftantine the Great, 
^and therefore could not be ah inven- 
tion of the Papitts j) and then this rite 
was no more but that wherewith we 
conclude all our prayers and thankf- 
ffivings when we Uy, Through Jefut 
Chrift our Lord and Saviour. (Jof. 
Mede.) idly. It is (l|;ned in the fore- 
head, becaule that this is the feat of 
blu(hiog and (hame, that we may not 
be aftiamed. 

The effe^ of Baptifm is falvation to 
all infants duly baptized, who die be- 
fore they have committed afVual fin ; 
and to all of ripe Vears, who truly be- 
lieve, repent, and perfevere in faith 
and obedience. 

Mr Urban, 

Sometimes a fimple remedy does great 
fervice in the moft defjierate cafes. 
Thus have I known convulfive fpafms 
attended with catchings of the breath ; 
at alfo a delirium, or light-headednefs in 
fevers, rcHeved only by bathing the feet 
and legs in an hot bath, made of any 
warm herbs boUed, or barely of warm 

The patient is to be taken up, if i« 
bed, and fit with the Jegs in a deep 
vcfl*el, nearly up to the knees, a quarter 
of an hour, or more, night and morn- 
ing, or oftner. Then to be wiped dry, 
anci wrapped up in flannel, having ap- 
plied fir ft four herbs, beat up with fait 
and vinegar, to the feet in hot diford«rs : 
but cataplafmsof ftale yefl, with roafted 
onions, and bruifed muftard-feed, or 
rafpi.igs of horfe-radi(h, in cold ones. 

Hereby the inferior paru being re- 
laxed, the veins and otner veflels, art 
rendered more large and open, confi:- 
quently urge the blood lels upwards, 
whereby ti^re will not be fo great a 
fuliiefs and prcfTure on the breaft and 
brain as before. 

A noble, divine remedy, fays Boer- 
have, bv which I have cured fo many 
miferabie patients $ and, if phyflcians 
did not negled this method, many more 
would efcape to thank us, who now drop 
under (heir hands. 

J. Cook. 

Mr Urban, 
'T* H E expulsion of Mr Wilkes, hav- f 
^ ing not a little attra^ed the notice 
of the public, I apprehend the follow- 
ing accounts of Mr AfgiiPs and Sir 
Kichard Steelf* s treatment by the Houfe 
of Commons, will not be unacceptable 
to your readers, as thofe two sentlemen 
were expelled that houfe for the oflfence 
they gave by their writings. . 

i am. Sir, &c. I 


MR Afj^ill, who had been elc^d 
member in fcveral parliaments, 
the latter end of the laft century, pub- 
lifhed a piece intitled, 

Ah Argument, pro*viHg ikat according 
to the Covenant of eternal Life, rettealed 
in the Scriptures, Man may betranflated 
from hence into that eternal Life, <with' 
out paffing through Death, alibougb the 
Human Nature of Chrift himfelf could 
not be thus tranjlated till he bad paffed 
through Death, 

The purport of this pamphlet was to 
convince the readers, that fince true be- 
lievers recovered in Chiift all they loft 
in Adam, and as our natural death was 
the effe^ of Adam's (in, that believers 
were rendered immortal by Chrift, and 
not liable to death, and that therefore 
they who believed with a true and firm 
faith, could not die. 

Some time after this extraordinary 
produ^Uon, Mr Afgill was arrefteJ, at 
the fuit of one Mr HeU&nd, to whom 
he was indebted in a .very oonfiderable 
fum of rooaey^ and thrown into the 


Account of Mr AfgiWs Expulfion. 

fleet. Mr AfgilU on this, petitioned 
the houfe to relieve him from h*s coa- 
fioenicnty and on the 15th oi' Norem- 
ber 1707, a committee having been ap- 
pointed to examine his petition, the 
JMoufe took their report into conlider>- 
rion, whea it was ordered to be rccoro- 

While this matter was agitated, feme 
of Mr Afgill*! eneinicf put the above- 
mentioned pamphlet into the hanv-is of 
fev^eral members of the Houfe of Com* 
moni, alTerting that it was a moft blaf- 
phemous and daiigerous peifoimance ; 
in coofeqnence of this, the piece was 
imjufffat up to the table, and the title 
and iome pans of it being read, it ap- 
reared, that federal pafTagcs in it re- 
Befled on, and were contrary to the 
Chriftian religion : it wai therefore re- 
folded, that it ihouid be referred to a 
committee to enquire aftet- the author 
of this prodnfiion. 

On the 16th of December in the fame 
year, the Commons refoived, that Mr 
Afgill was entitled to the privilege of 
the bouie, as bting a member thereof ; 
on this he was demandetl from the cuf- 
tody of the warden of the Fleet, to at- 
tend public buiinefs in the national .if- 
feuibly. Upon his Jifcharge, purfuant 
to this relolution, he took bis feat at 
the next meeting cf the Commons, and 
two or three days after, when the houfe 
took into condderation the report from 
ths commitice, to whom it was rtfcired 
to enquire nbout the authui, fn inter and 
publimer of the tra^l inxjuci^ion, it ap- 
pearing that it was atiiibuted to Mr 
Aigill, he was char^^eJ with bting the 
author, and he, io fai from denying it, 
proceeded to a vinr.iication of it in his 
feat. The hoult then refolveJ, that the 
laid treatiie contained many prophane 
and blafphemous expreirions, highly 
reflecting on the Chriitian religion, and 
ordered, that it fhould be puhlickly 
burnt by the hands of the common 
hangman, in New Palace Yard, \V2lt- 
mintter. Tney further relblvcd, iii:it 
John Afgill, Cfqj having in his pl4ce 
owned himfelf to be the author of the 
faid tracly /liould be expelled the houfr. 

Ml Auill lived i)ur a fliort time after 
his txpuilion, deatii, whom he flattered 
him lei f he ha-J got the better of, ovcrt.ik- 
io^ iiii'i ahout the en i ('X the ycai 1 7V19. 

The .iff.iii jt bir Ricinr.i S'.i*v:iC was 
as foMo^vi : About tlie Le^innir-.j of 
the ycir 17 14, tiiat i^^ntlcriian, vvl;j .v.*s 
flrenuoully supported by the V> iii.» 
partv, having ;»ttacked Queen .Vnn*. » 
qiiniflcrs with great boldn'jfs and fcve- 
rity, in feveral public wutin^s^ it sv:}i% 


agreed by the principal people amoag 
the tories, to remove him from his feat 
in parliament. 

A petition, which was lodged againft 
his ele^lion, happening to be tlie le- 
vaiteenth of that kind, and therefore 
not like to come on tlut fcflion, it was 
refoived to take a fhorter way, and at- 
tack him about fome of his late politi- 
cal writings. Mr Hungerf^rd, a noted 
lawyer, who had been expelled the houfe 
of commons for bribery in the reign of 
k<ng William, moved, on the nth of 
March, to take into conlidcration that 
part ot the qaeen*s fpeech, which related 
to the fupprefling feditious Jilieis } and 
complained, in particular, of fevcr;il 
fcandalons papers lately publiflied, un- 
der the name of Kichard Steele, Efq; 
a member of that houfe. He was fe- 
conded by Mr Auditor Foley, a near 
i-elation to the lord-treafurer, who fug- 
gefled, ' That unleHi means were found 
to reflrain the licentioufnefs of the ■ 
prefs, and to fhelter thofe who had 
the honour to be in the adminiftration, 
from malicious and fcandalsus libels ; 
they, who by their abilities are be4 
qualified to (crve their queen and 
country, would decline public oflices 
' ajid enijdoymentfi.* Thi* was fup- 
portcd by Sir William Wyndham, who 
added, *That fome of Mr. Steele's 
' wntinj;s contained infolcnt injurious 
' reflct^lions on the queen herfelf, and 

* were dictated by the fpirit of rebcl- 

* lion/ The next day, auditor Har- 
ley (the lord-treafurer's brother) made 
a formal complaint to the houfe againft 
certain paragraphs of three printed pam- 
phlets, v/hich had given mod offence to 
the court \ * The Englifliman, of Ja- 
' nuary 19 : the Cri.'is ; and the laft 

* £ngii(bman,* all laid to be written by 
Richard Steele, Efq; which pamphlets 
being brought up to tlie table, it was 
oidered, tiiat Mr Steele ihouid attend 
in his pLice the next morning. 

This brought a great concouric of 
mcml'cTS and fpcct.iiors to the houi'e ; 
and. Mi Stcjis atteOvling, feverui para- 
graph;^, contained in the pamphlets com- 
plamcd of. were read : after which Mr 
Foley, Mr Harley, and ioiv.c otl'.cr 
nieiiihcrs, leverely animadverted upon 
the rancour and i'cdiiious fpirit conl'pi- 
cuous ill r :;.;.> -.'/.rMrigi, Mr James 
Crufc, *, jiii-,. 1\'!. '.".!..;; u^) to f,)eak in 

l-li i:r- .!i i I'.ji; .I;\ v.j; i .^vented by 
-■■■ •■ .•* *■ *■■ 

... , . -^ 

to in''.l-r i !i;.:':viL-:".;_\, ilji;, .^.-cciutn.^ 
tu ;he 01 Ivi 'jt ti:7 ■:..■•, T-Tr ;?U';.ie w.i , 
to bw il::aiJ i; 1:11111 1 i;i liii \ i.icj. U'.joa 


Account of Sir Ricbard SueW% ExpulfioHl 

this, Mr Steele faid, « That, being it- 

< tacked on feveral heads without anv 

* previous notice, he hoped the houie 

* would allow him, at leaft, a week*t 
f time to prepare for his defence." Au- 
ditor Harley having excepted againft fo 
long a delay, and moved for adjourning 
this affair to the Monday following, 
Mr Steele, to ridicule his two pf incipal 
profecutors, Foley and Harley, who 
were known to be rigid preibvterianSy 
thouijrh they now fidcd with the high- 
church, afltimed their fan6tified counte- 
nance, and owned, ' in the meekneis 

< and contrition of his. Yasztt, that he 

* was a very great finner ; and hoped, 
^ the member, who fpoke I aft, and who 

* was fo juftly renowned for his exem- 

< plary piety and devotion, would not 

* be acceffiry to the accumulating the 
f number of his tranfgreflionsy by ob- 

< liging him to break the fabbathof the 

* Lord, by pcruling fuch profane wri- 

< tings, as might ierve for his juftifica- 

< tion/ This fpeech, fpoken in a cant- 
ing t^ne, having put the generality of 
the aflembly in good humour, Mr Steele 
cairisd his point ; and ^ further coi^- 
ilideration of the charge againft him was 
fieferred for a week, by which time it 
Was expelled, that Sir Richard Onflow, 
Mr Hamp4en, Mr Lechmere, and qthef 
leading members of the whig -party, 
who were abfent, woul4 be in town. 

On the 1 8th of March, the day ap- 
pointed for Mr Steele's triiil, the court- 
party thought proper to clear the houie 
pf all ftrangers ; which beine done, 
auditor Foley moved, that, before they 
proceeded any farther, Mr Steele fhouid 
dc lare, whether he acknowledged the 
writings, that bore his name ? Upon 
which Mr Steele owned all the papers 
iaid to his charge to be parts of his 
writings : that le wrote them in behalf 
of the houfe of Hanover, and owned 
^hfm with the fame unrcrervcdncrs,with 
which he abjured the pretender. Then, 
a debate aiifiDg upon the method of 
proceeding, Mr Foley propofed, that 
Mr See le fhould withdriw ; but, after 
feveral fpeeches, it was carried, without 
dividing, that hs fliould ftay, in order 
to make his defence. Mr Steele defircd 
he might be allowed to nnfwer to what 
might be urged ag^inft him paragraph 
by paragraph ; but though he was pow- 
erfully i'upported by Mr Robert Wal- 
pole, general Stanhope, the lord Finch, 
eMeft fon to the Earl of Nottingham | 
and the lord Hinchinbroke, (bn to the 
Earl of Sandwich ; yet his accufers in- 
fiftc:), and it was earned, * That he 
* (hoUld proceed to make his defence 

* generally, upon the charge gifen •• 

* gainft lum.' Mr Steele proceeded 
accordingly, being afllifted by Mr Ad- 
difbn, who fat near him, to prompt him, 
upon occafion ; and for near three hours 
fpoke to the feveral heads, extraded oat 
of three pamphlets above mentionea 
(which had been eiven in print to all 
the members) with fuch temper, elo- 
quence, and unconcern, as gave entire 
fatifa^lion to ail, who were notprepof- 
fefTed againft him. 

Mr Steele being withdrawn, moft 
members expelled, that Mr Foley 
would have funimed up, and anfwered 
his defence : but he contented himfclf 
with faying, in general, « That, vrith- 
' out amuling the houfe with long 

* fpeeches, it was plain, that the wri- 
' tmgs, that had been comphtined of, 
' were feditious and fcandalout, in}u- 
' rious to her majefty's government, 

* the church and the univerfities, and 

* moved, that the queftion (hould be 

* put.' This occaHoned a very warm 
debate, which laded till eleven at night. 
Mr Robert Walpole, who fpoke fii ft in 
fiivour of Mr bteele, made a long and 
elegant fpeech. 

The lordsLMmley and Hinchinbroke, 
and fome other members, fpoke alfo in 
favour of Mr Steele, and again If the 
conduA of the miniftry. But Mr Fo- 
ley, Sir William Wyndham, the attor- 
ney-general, and fome other courtiers, 
being fupported by a great majority^ 
ftill infifted on the queftion, and it was 
carried at laft by 245 voices againft 152, 
Firft, * That a printed pamphlet, intij 

* tied, * The Englishman, being the 

* clofe of the paper fo called,' and one 
' other pamphlet, intitled, «« The Cri- 

* fis," written by Richard Steele, Efqj 
' a member of the houfe, are fcandalout 

* and feditious libels, containing many 

* expreflions highly reflefting upon her 

* majcfty, and upon the nobility, cler- 

* gy, gentry, and univerfities of thij 

* kingdom, malicioufly inHnuatingythaC 

* the Frotcft ant fucceffion in the noiife 

* of Hanover is in danger under her 
' majeify's adminiftration, and tending 
' to alienate the affections of her ma- 

* jefty's good fubjefts, and to create 
' jealoufies and divifions among them. 
« Secondly, That Richard Steele, Efqj 
' for his ofl'ence in writing and publifli- 

* \nz thefe fcandalous and feditious li- 

* bels, be expelled this houfe.' 

This parliament was foon after dif- 
folved by the death of the queen, and 
Sir Richard was afterwards eleAed into 
the houfe, where he continued in the 
iervice of his country feveral years. 

( 93 ) 
A Meteorogical Acc6un( of the Weather, for the Month 
. Of February for the Years 1767. and 1761(1 continued' 
lioiii p. 32. 

S. 5. W. 

S. Vf. fr«4. 
N. S. little. 

N E. 10 S. S. V. 
5. S. W. Acfl). 

S. Vf. ftllMg. 

S.S. W. tocnr. 

>9 H 

»9 T, 
>9 6f 

>9 e{ 

»9 », « 
»9 « » 

19 »{^ 
19 jt» 
19 It ( 

«9 *l » 

19 sit- 

>9 4 * 
»9 ( + 

'9 4 41 
19 3i P 

>9 :| 4i 

19 H 41 
>9 4 4 

'9 i 1 

96 , 
19 rf 1 
<9 ill 

>9 SI 1 

^9 31 ^ 

. milling wet dlj 
U tlwiwudi. 

very brighc io* (Ujr, ninr eTCnine. 
ding cloudj CTCuias. 

foggf , facii; daf. 

■err beiTf, oiaill tUr- 
■" BnitJiniit-, w*ifv™niC.' 

. isht.1hiiwcri unit fimihine U iaterrtSi all djj 
dull, betvr d>)-, bai m tiln. 
diira fotctal fmiii " 

dim niiin.Kninii: 

hciiy nin nl-hcaiuiniarni 
briphCMd Bii lill BOan, vf [y « 

lU Boon, Hit iftdDDoa. 
Tf ij wet aJl (lir> 
cloudf, but bir. 
el.iudy nrnning, blight afternoan. 

r 3rrl <un<liiMiiiDtC[nti,£)meaiUii 

btitj morning, wet ifternuoD. 
beiij dtf, but tn »ia. 

doll hi;) vy m.:r<im:;.fiacbii|£ht ifteiBOOB. 
:ifly mntiimt', hrighi lincdsy. 
dull, hcjv) , in in log it J 

:empclliioui nisbt, flower)' day, 

bii^t dij , wiib Imiii OuiwcTi uf hiil uc 

; i 


licarr, dulliUy, 
I bright cleir diy. 
I cold black dij, frore ■ 

blight cleir fruity air. 

roll in ibe niEhi, heaTy dall day. 

hravy riult d IV 

nil morning, bright aAernoon, 
Identic rain aU day. 

Kind dcil of rain, rery damp. 

ain and funlbiiK ac iatisrTali all dif , 
fomc night (howcTi at iudce. 

good d^al of milting rain. 

dull heary day, with a little riln. 
bright fair day, very wet eieoing. ■ 
bright hir day. 

dull day, but 6lr, wet erenini;. 

ei niitht and morning, faji anemoon. 

;hi rainiillday, with liule inicnnilEon. 

fine twiglit moisinEi wet aftsinooa. 

Liuily hei'ydxy^ butnoiain 
Kicny cloudy, with fame miiliag nka 
tcry fine brigl^t day, 
tail day, but OTefCall *l (imti. 


Ufi of Books — wfib Remarks. 

5. The Cafe of Great Britain tmd 
America^ addrcffed to the King and both 
Houfes of Parliament, 
'T^HIS pamphlet is written with great 
^ Ipirii, force and perfpicuity, and 
contriin'; a!l that has hitherto been faid 
ia favour of ine colonies, and more^ 

The a;:Lhorobferve8, that tlie affairs 
of GrcHt Britain and it'.r colonies are 
at a crifu ; and that Great Britain 
ihould immediately fix the pretenHons 
th it (he will never relinquilh, and the 
^ol^mics ha^^e certain information of the 
claims to which they muft fubmit : for 
that till this it done> there will be irre- 
ibiution on one iide, and repugnance 
on the other. 

It is laid that the prefent miniftry has 
refolved to tax the colonies by the au- 
thority of Britifh parliament, and cdtn^ 
pell the colonies to fubmiflion \ to exa- 
mine the juftice and policy of thcfe 
fnealures, and fugged others which ap- 
pear lefs exceptionable is this author^s 

He Aippofes the conftitution of the 
colonies to depend immediately upon 
the charters, and, though not trie fame 
in all particulars, to agree in .the fol- 
lowing, That the inhabitants have a 
right to tax themfelves by their repre- 
fevtativcs in their provincial afTeniblies ; 
that none of them vote for reprelcnta- 
tivts in the BritiOi parliament, and that 
all cf them are to enjoy the freedom 
of Briti/h fubjefts, . 

To fupport thefe charters, he ob- 
fervcs tliat the difpoHtion of foreign 
territory belonging to Great Britam 
has always been veiled in the executive 
power, and that if the crown when it 
granted the charters in queftion could 
have ceded the territory of America to 
a foiti^n [>ower, it could certainly fix 
the terms on which its inhabitants 
iliouid continue to be the fubje^s of 
Great Britain. 

He further fuppoies, that if the 
crown was not legally poiTelTed of the 
p'jwcr to grant fuch charters, yet that 
uninterrupted pofTeHlon for a certain 
term confers a right, and that the co- 
lonifls have poffeffed their charters 
much longer: than that term : that they 
have improved the country from a de^ 
pendance upon, the validity of their ti- 
tle, and the Britifli parliament has feen 
them do (oy and acquiefced in it ; and 
that therefcjre it would be great injuf- 
tice to deprive the^i of riehts fo pur^ 
chafed and confirmed. 

He remarks that it has been urged 
th;i( the- parliament can i-evoke the 

charter of any city or corporate tomi 
in England, however long en)oyed c 
but tie fays the comparifon is unfair ; 
becaufe if the charter of a Britifli town 
be revoked, it mufl be revoked jn 2^ 
aflembly, which is the reprefentative of 
that townt This, however, feems to 
be begging the qucftion in difpute, 
whether America is> or is not legally 
repreiented in a Britifk parliament. 
The author fays, that the charters of 
America are agreements made between 
England on one part, and her colonies 
on the other j but may it not alfo b^ 
faid, that the charters granted to Britiih * 
towns are agreements .between England 
colUtlively on pne part^ and a panicu- 
lar town on the others and may it not 
b<* afked whether the Houfe of Com- 
is is not legally the reprefentative 
of both the contracting parties in one 
cafe, as well as the other ? That is, 
whether every Britifh fubjeft is not, by 
the conftitution as it nOw ftand«, fup- 
pofed to be reprelcnted yir all l^al 
purpojes^ by the piembers of the Brir 
ti(h Houfe of ConupoBS, chofen as hy 
law directed. 

The Americap, fays this author, 
aflerts that he is deprived of the molt 
efllntial privileges of a BxHon and a 
freeman, if the colony to which he 
belongs can be taxed by an . affembly 
jn which it is not reprefcnted, and 
the advocate for admmiftration an- 
fwers that there are many natives of 
Great Britain herfelf that are not re- 
prefcnted J many having no votc^ in 
the choice of reprefentatives, and that 
the colonics have no caufie to complain 
when they are in the fame condition 
as many of the natives of Great Bri- 
tain i and a(ks would a colony pretend 
to a better conflitution than the mother 
country ? He then reprefents an Ame- 
rican pleading his own caufc in anfwer 
to this argument, as follows : 

' I do not claim a better confittution 
*,than my motlier count. y: you have 
' mifreprefcnted my claims. I have 

* faid that a .right of fnffrat^e in the 

* choice of our repiclVntatives is the 

* raofl effentlal of Britifh privileges j 

* but I have not faid, that every Briton 

* enjoys that right •. i>or do 1 require 

* that every colonift fhould enjoy it. ■ 
' There are many Britons who have 

* no vote in the eleClion of»ihe Houfe 
' of Commons, fo are there many co- 

* loniHs who have no vote in the elec- 

* tion of otir provincial rcprefcnta- 
' tlves : alledge, if you will, that in 

* lacing taxed by your parliament, you 


Ijfi of Books-^witb Remarks^ 


* are taxed by an imperfeS reprefenta- 

* tive ; in being taxed by our pro^vik- 

* cial aflemblies, we are taxed hy a re- 

* prefentative as impcrfcft. Our free"- 

* dom therctore> in point of taxatiorf^ 
' when we are taxed by our oiun af- 
' fembUes, is hot greater than yours ; 
' it is only equal to it ; our conftituti- 

* on is an image of yours. But if we 

* arc to be taxed by your parliament; 
' our conftitution no longer relembles 
' yours» and our freedom is a:^nihilat- 

* ed. If there be many Britons who 
' hare ««/ a vote in the choice of their 
' reprefentativcs, there are alfo many 

* that ba*ve. The pofT-'flion of 340/. 
' freehold, in Britain, confers the pri- 
' Tilege of a vote : liie poflefTion of 
' the whole continent does not confer 
' that privilege. Do you not know 
' the infimte difference between a na- 

* tion where all have not the power of 

* voting for their reprefentatives, and a 
' nation where none ta^vi that power ? 

* The former \% your condition, and 
' therefore you are a free people ; the 

* former is what we cbim ; the latter 

* is the condition of (laves, and that 
' is what you offer. We claim the 

* right of fuffrage, as the privileges of 
' Biitons, and you tell us we have it, 

* becaufe we are like thofe Britons 
' who have it not ! We claim the fame 

* conftitution as Great Britain, and you 

* offer us only the (Ujeft of that con- 
' ftitution, but deny us its aJ'uantages, 

* England cannot be taxed but by 

* an affembly, where her land is repre- 

* fented by knights, her monied intc- 

* reft by citizens and burgeffes, and 

* therefore fhe is a free nation. Is 
« then America on a par with England 

* in point of freedom, if fhe can be 

* taxed by an afTcmhly, to which her 

* freeholders fend no knights, and her 
« cities no citizens ? You fay that your 

* right of fuffrage is partially dillri- 
< buted in Britain j give us then a 

* right of fuffiage as partially diftri- 

* buted in America. For this rcpre- 

* fentation, partial and imperfeft as you 

* call it, your magna chartas have been 
' demanded, your patuots have bled, 

* and your inonarchs h.ive been dc- 

* throned. Was thi«; for nothing ? 

* yet this you deny to the Americans, 
' though you fay to us. Ye have the 

* privileges of Britons/ 

' But there is yet another defe^^ in 

* your argument. For it is not true 
' that we are ii> as gooM a condition as 
' thofe Britons whom you call unrepre- 
' fimted, and wlw arc not electors-: 

* for even they have this great advan- 

* ^age, th^t both the rejireientatrvc and 

* the elcftJI^ pay a part of the tax, as 

* well as tholie wiio have no fufF:a-c ; 
' whereas if the Uoule of Commons of 
« England (hould tax the Americans, 
« neither the reprefentatives nor the 
« eleAors would pay any proportion of 
« what they impofed upon usj tlicy 
« would not tax, but untax themfelves. 

* The condition therefore of an En- 

* glifliman who has no fuffrage, when 
« taxed by the Britiffi Icgiflaitire, and 

* of an American taxed by the fame 
« authority, are totally diffimiiar. Place 
< them in iituations which bear any fi- 

* militude, and it will (hew in the 

* ftrongeft light, the injuftice of the 

* prcfent meaftnos. Suppofe then that 

* the parliament of Britain flioulJ im- 

* pofe a tax, from which tliemfelvet 

* and thofe who voted for them /hould 

* be exempted, and which (hould be 

* paid entirely by thofe who had no 

* fuffrages; this would htzv fome re- 

* femblancc to their taxing the Anie- 

* ricass; and would not this be un- 
« paralleled inpiftice? But if even this 

* (unjuft as you muff eftecm it) were 
« the pr36lice of your parliament, the 

* condition of a non-voting Ei:g!ifli- 

* man would ftill be infinitely prefura- 

* blc to ours 5 for even fuch a tax as 

* I have dated, would fall upon the 

* relations, the friends, the dependar.ts, 

* tlie tenants, the mnnufn^titrers, t!ie 

* labourers of BritiOi legiflitors. The 

* legiAator would feel its effecls, almolt 

* inttantaneoufly ; he would frnd hit 

* own intcrcfl immediately concerned ; 

* he would therefore ufe fome n^cdera- 

* tion. Bolides, he is an eye-wimcfs 

* of their condition, he can judge of 

* their abilities, he can be wounifed :it 
« the fight of their dilircfT-s. J5ut 1.^: 

* cannot fee our mifcry, he cannot 
' judge of our abilities ; .nnd his te- 

* nant and his manufacturers will feel 

* the immediate efFcfts of our ruin, not 

* in their dill rcfs, but in their cxoncra- 

* tion. If thrrefore the legiflatiii-c of 

* Britain fliould adopt fuch a lyrtcin of 

* unparalleled injuflice, with u'r})e«^ to 

* the non-voting inhabitants of Eri- 

* tain, yet, cvtn the fufTercrs by, ar..l 

* the objcCls of injulticc, wc.iid I t- 

* happy in comparifon of uf. Suppofe, 

* for a moment; if you can bear tlie 

* thought, fuppofc for a moment, th7.£ 

* your Hoiife of Commons were not 

* eicAcd by you, that tl»ey were an hc- 

* rcditary body, in no v.'ifc indebted lo 
' your choice ^ would you not be an 

^^^^^ST^CT^^^TT^*!'. w ■ 


lift cf Books — with Remarksi 

enftaved and an urf happy people ; bat 
even then you would be happier than 
we are. A body of 500 men» fituat- 
ed in the midft of feven millions, and 
taxing tlioie feven milUonSy would 
furely be more bound to moderation, 
by fear, if not by principle, than the 
fame body, ailifted and fupported by 
thofe feven millions, in taxing two 
millions who are at a diftance. To 
opprefsy in one inftance, would at 
lead be infamy, if it would not be 
punifhmetit ) in the other they might 
find it popularity, they might thmk 
it patiioilim. Mr P — tt fatd, (if I 
miibdce not) that every man in En- 
gland could huzza at an cle£lio^ : even 
that method of exprefling one's 
wiiheSy if fome fatisfa£lion, and has 
fome influence; the flioutingsof the 
people have had great effefls \ and the 
very murmurs of Englifhmen, had 
perhaps more (bare in the repeal of 
the ftamp-ad, than the united voice 
of America. We cannot even bux,7M 
at a BiitiAi ele6tion 1 

* The right of prefenting petitions 
to parliament was deemed of fo 
much importance, that it was inferted 
in the bill of rights. In this funda- 
mental right, ihc bulwark again (t par- 
liainentai v oppreflion, as well as every 
other, uncier what Uiladv an tages/hould 
we labour, if ynu wci-c to make laws 
for us ? How different is the cfTed 
of a petition prel«nted by the hands 
of the injured^ enforced by their adi- 
duiry, and recommended by their 
teaio, from that of our paper-repre- 
fcntatioKS ? They are fubje£l to be 
mifi-eprefented in a thoufand ways. 

* They come cold, and you do not 
feel them ; often too late, and you 
cannot comply with them ; and what 
was done by you through inattention 
and millake, muft be maintained y^r 
dignity ; in a word, they do not ftrike 
home, cither upon your caution or 
yuurkindncfs, your affections, or your 
fears. In this particular the very 
women and children of England have 
an influence upon pai'liament, of 
which the Americans are deiUtute. 
Uow different i savour lot from ours ! 
In the character of an American, to 
the people of England I fpeak. Your 
frequent eledions are a valuable pri- 
vilege to you ; what privilege are they 
to us ? At the clofe of a parliament, 
you expeCl popular meafures, from the 
fears and the hopes of your repre- 
fentatives. But who will find it his 

iatncft to be SI /jricad w Anciiif a I 

They will wifli to gain tlie favour of 

their countrymen, and therefore will 

burthen America in order to di(bur- 

' then England. What to you is a 

' valuable privi ledge, will be to us a 

' fource or repeated oppreffton. We 

' are worfe even than your papifls. In 

being excluded from the right of fuf- 

fragc, they are like us ; and as thej^ 

pay double land-tax, in that additio- 

' nal payment the refemblance conti-' 

nuet ; for it is a tax impofed by men 

^ whom they had no (hare in electing, 

' and it is a tax which thofe who im* 

f' tofe it do not pay. fiut this difabi- 
ity in point 01 nififrage, and this ad" 
^ ditional payment, are penalties infli£l« 
^ ed on your papifts j and why ? AUc- 

* giance as by law required is a quality 
^ efTential to being a fubjeCt. Your 
' papifts are defective in that quality; 
' They are confidered as not complete- 
^ ly fubje^^s, and, as fuch, penalties 
' are infli£lcd on them. Your only 
> juflification forinfliC^ing thefe penal- 
' ties on them, is that you doubt their 
' being fubje£^s. Your only pretence 
' for infiidingthe fame penalties on us^ 
^ is that we are fubjc6ls. Same penal- 

* lies, did I fay, nay worfe ; for as they 
' are infliCled on us, without offence; 

< we cannot by a difcontinuation of of- . 

* fence, exempt ourfclves from thefe 

< grievances. The papiii, by bccom- 

* mg a proteftant, can fiee himftlf 

* from this difability, and this double 

* taxation : but we cannot free our- 

* ftlvts from this mifery, but by ceafingf 

* to be Americans. Befides, in every 
' other cafe, except that addition of 
' land-tax, your papifts are in as good 

* a fitu'-uion as any of the reft of your 
^ inhabitants who have not votes: but 

< in e*very tax yon lay upon us, we are 

* in as bad a lituation as your papift^ 

* aie in that one. Befides, your pa- 

< pifis are connected with their legifla- 

* tor?, by relationfhip, friendfliip, neigh- ' 
' bourhood, or dependance. Thcir- 

< poffefTions too are Britifli, and they 

* muft have influence, though the/ 

< have no votes. And the great righC- 

< of petitioning, they poffefs with all' 

< its lidvantages, aifd can enforce their ■ 

< petitions by their pi-efence, (heir af- 
' iiduity, their numbers, aad their tears. 
' In how much worfe a fituation aro 

* we than your papiAs, whom for their* 

< obftinacy in an unconftitutional and 

* perfecMting reliffiofi, you have made - 
' the outcafts of legiflation. What 

* then is the freedom, and what are 

< ihoft i^ritifii prinlcgeii to which yotf 

< confeif 


•TyAkV > 

i \ 

T.'»'' . ■?'• 

*«••*• Mtoft « . 

■ tf. • 

- " i^X. 


..• ••• 

-.■ ■ il 

".■». • 





nft efSoah—^tb Remarisi 

A we are enihled i Whit i 
rigfaa which we have poffclTed 
: one hundnd ynr*, which we 
ed ftma fiilnnn comjMfi, which 
m puTclMfed hj ID unOuken 
iancc, atul by the profiti of our 

a tbit plei, howenr, it mty be 
d, that it i) nnfilr to reprcfcnt 
fciencc between Gmi Brit*in 
r coloniet m the fubjtA of a 
the colonic! cliiming one 
mil Cint Britain offering uio- 
Tbe qoetlion i* not what fliall 
ited, but what it poiIcfl«l ; not 
be conllitucion of the colonifti 

ought to be made, but what it 
U the inhabitant! of Gmt Bri- 
■em diemlclTei fiec, and are 
I free bjr other*, ai well thofe 
.ve not the right of fuffrage, ai 

bo havei If the Americaiii are 
a confequence of their not hav- 
ia right, all who have not thii 
rtflavct) if the confequcnce it 
I, what will follow >. not that 
idition of lame fubjeSi 19 wrr 
tifttal, but that our conftitution 
It place all in fubita) in a bet- 
d pcchap* it would not be diffi- 

provc that all id fubjcfli could 
ftaced in a better by any alte- 
iii the conftituiion that would 
■duce greater tvili than it would 
;. If we hare an imperfrfl li- 
the coloiiiftt are the part in 
our libtiiy it imperfeS, (by out 
ution) in cominon with iholc 
ive 00 luffrage in Great Biilaln. 

: of fuffrage, lo liich right ii e- 
whether in Britain or in Ameri- 
I ihofc who are excluded from 
ght in America, with refpcA to 
irovinciai anembliei, have the 
fctenrioni to enjoy it, as the co- 
iiHkcii in a body, have to what 
Dw claim with rcfpeft to the right 

hi) plea, the American complaint 
: inn a worle condition than the 
Tjiiefcr^ted Englilhman, becanfe 
rliameni of England cannot lax 
irithout taxing themrelvec ; but 
lid be remembered, that the'par- 
it of England frequently tax 
'1t» without taxing the Ameri. 
hough never without taxing the 
;prelented Englilbmau, and that 
in England, uaei are laid upon 

by thofe who do not ^ay iheii- 
lion J erery road bill it fuch a 
iiany a trader who hat n<> ri^Ilt 
fCA*/. M^. fei. tj6g.) 





and according to tbc Aine- 

at the rate often poundi a year foi 
going every day inliit carriage to and 
again from Claphaip to the Eachuige 
hj thoA who pay not a AiHinff ) if 
tbit ,bc defended upon'piinciplea of 
common beneiit, the very defence 11 an 
allowance of the power. ' The par- 
' liament of Great Britain) layt tha 
' famout Mr Oiit, hat undoubted 
' powvr, and lawful authority, to mako 
' aflt for the gmeriil gt»4, wiiich by 
< namingthe coTonict, diall, and ought 
' to be equally binding, ai upon iha 
' Aibiefit of Great Bntiin within the 
' reaJmi' Bui it it abfurd to liippolf 
that the power ttt lay a t.19 can depend 
upon the purpole for which it it laid, 
beine conlonant or contrary to ihe ee- 
neralgood, becaufe cither thli qiieftion 
will be unticlerminable, or in tiiufe who 
dctrrmine it will include the power. 

The Ameiican alro in hit pica, pre- 
ttndt that be it in a worft condition 
than the papiSt in England. The pa- 
piftt, Tayi he, aie eaeluded from a right 
of TuSaige like u>, and at they pay 
double land tax, in that aiMlioital oay- 
mcnt the relcmblance coniinuei, for it 
it a taa impofed by men whoin they 
had no Oiare in clefiing, and it it a tax 
which thole who impofe it do not pay, 
but the papift ruCTers for fuppoied dif- 
aff«£tion, we fuifcr the fame )ienattie( 
though no difaffcAion iiimpuitdj Ui« 
papiSalfo may deliver himfclt by be* 
coming a proteftint, but the Ameiican 
cannut deliver himri:lf by becoming aa 

There it| howrver, thit cirential dif- 
ference between the pajuft in England 
who payt a penalty, and the Ameiican 
who payta tax. The papift here payt 
■11 the taxes which tboff who impof:: a 
double tax upon him contribute to pay, 
befidei fuch double tax, but the Ame- 
iican does not} the papift pay ■ more 
than rther fubjeclt, the American leli. 
Thit author proceeds to confidtr the 
expediency of the meafure in queOion 
flip oGiigit (o be confUiutional ; while 
their garrifoni, fays be, ate filled with 
our foldiers, their harbouit with nur 
fleett, and their employmenit with orB- 
ceia of our appoinlinent, and while 
they derive fioiniit a dcgtie of free- 
dom, wc ball be Ircure, both by out 
own power, and by ihi-ir affettion). 
They arc weak, by their ciicumllsiitcv, 
let u* not make them itrung, i-y ;li«lr 
defpair. The gradual iocreafe ot T\\»m- 
benandof opuUuce, mvjaUv*^^^* 


Uft of Books — wHb Remarks. 

force, bat that force will fletp, unlefs 
it be awakened by in)ury : and while 
wc retain an abfolute power over -tbdr 
trade, that very increafe will depend 
upon our regulations. Whilft they are 
happy under our government, their 
ftrength and their opulence will be 
ftrength and opulence to us; but, if 
vfe oppreis 'them, they will be our 
weakncf^, and our danger. It is evi- 
dent that we fhaii hoM Anierici^ by a 
better fecurity, if wc do not enflave it. 
But will it afford us as much prefent 
emolument ? Let even this be confider- 
ed { we know that this nation has paid 
confiderable taxes, vtithotit any com- 
puHion j and we know that free nations 
can fupport greater burdens, than na- 
tions equally opulent, that are enflav- 
ed. Thus it is by no means ccitain, 
that even our prefci'.t emoluments would 
br the lefs, if wc extort nothing from 
thw'm ag^inft their own conlent*. Bc- 
{i6t9, with how much IciV cxpettce can 
vi^e (ecure the allegiance of the willing, 
than of the unwilling. Amongft the 
fwi^t a Tiiiiitia would be ferviceablc j a- 
moni^flt the latuir, it would he foimida- 
ble to ourfelves. Let us ailo confidcr 
with how much greater eagernefs our 
mai'.ufa^uies will be ^Mtrchafed, by a 
giattiul, than by .''ncxulpeiated people. 
We are now at peace with the world ^ 
the moft rigorous mcafures may fuc- 
ceed, for the |.]-e(#nt$ but fuch mea- 
lines an not the moll eligible in them- 
Tl^Ivcs, when conducive neither to pre- 
icnc advantage^ nor future iccurity. 

Let it content us, that the fea, the 
con.mcii bcneh't of mankind, may be 
dtnied them, that the labour of their 
har^s, the itrength and the ingenuity 
which nature has beltowed upon them, 
(hall be converted to our purpofes; 
but, for our own fakes, let us not dif- 
couiage that indullry which is to be- 
nefit ourielves ; what we permit them 
to acquii-e, let that be their own. 

Upon the whole, this author propo- 
fes. That a law fliould be pafled, im- 
mediately, repealing every aft, that 
taxes the colonies. I do not propofe 
that it fliould contain any counter- de- 
clarations, or that the power (hould, in 
terms, be difclaimed. It will be fufli- 
jcient tliat they be repealed, and that 
wt do not revive the claim. Let it be 
buried in obltvion ; let i ban^ betijuei/i 
the coKjfittttions of both countries ^ as be^ 

♦ In the la ft war they incurred a debt of 
«^6oo,oo3i. WouM tiwy hav«r c«iu: thii, 
h>r an oppr^-ilt r* 

i longing U neitber. Let k bejujpindedt 
iike ibe fiword of the murderer p im tbt 
Grecian lofw^ ivbicb *was depi]fiiedim 
ibiir temples^ as unfit to be bandied and 
conftcrated^ as it nvere^ net for its mt- 
ritf but offence. And left, at iny time 
hereafter, it may be difputed where the 
line is drawn, between American liber- 
ty and Britiih jurifdiftion, perhaps it 
might not be improper to declare, in 
the fime law, the fjpremacyof Britain, 
and its abfolute dominion over naviga- 
tion and ceramet ce. 

This pamphlet is recommended to 
all who would make themfelvct maftera 
of the difpute between Britain and her 
colonies, it contains, in a ihort coropaft 
all (hat can be f^inl on one fide of tlie 
queftion, and except this is known, no- 
thing pertinent can be faid on the other. 

6. A Difcourje delivered at tbe opeu" 
ingoftbe Royal Acadetnjf^ Jan» a, 1769, 
by tbe Preftdent. 

In this difcouife, Mr Reynolds, after 
congratulating the members of the aca- 
demy upon its eftabliflimenc by the mu- 
nificence of his majefty, obferves, that it 
will at leaft contribute to advance the 
knowledge of the arts, and bring ua 
niearer to that ideal excellence which it is 
the lot of Genius always to contem* 
plafCt and never to attain. This fen- 
tin>ent none hut a genius, confcious to 
the idea of unattainable perfe^ion, and 
a perpetual effort to approach it, could 
have conceived. Thoie who are fatis- 
fied, either with what they produce 
thenjfelvcs, or even with what they fee 
produced by others, will ftop far ihort 
^ of attainable excellence. No produ^ti-* 
on of art, however fuperior to what we 
can produce at the time, fhould be con* 
fidertd as the bound ; yet, if we pafs 
it, we muit firfl reach it by regular ap- 
proaches, and with this diflin^ion in 
view, we fhall find Mr Reynolds's 
rules to confider the works of great 
millers as a pattern, and minutely and 
laborioully to copy nature^ as perfectly 
compatible. It is from an acquaint- 
ance with natui-e that we art to form 
conceptions, from the ftudy of art wt 
aie to learn in what manner they may 
be beft exprcffed. " hy attending to 
great examples of *he art, fays Mr Rey- 
nolds, genius will find materials with- 
out which, the flrongeft intellciSl may 
be fruitleibly or devioufly employed : 
by ftudying thefc authentic model?, 
thpfe beauties which were the gradual 
refult of the accumulated expenence of 
pait ages, may be acquired at once : 


Uji of Books^with Remarks. 

tlie ftudeiit itceives it one glance, tlie 
principles which many artifts have f);>ent 
their whole lives in alcertaining/" 

The following obferyatlon is equally 
curious and juft. " Every feminary of 
Jearning may be faid to l>e furrounded 
by an atmoijphere of floating know- 
ibige, where every mind miy ^ther 
Ibmething congenial to its own original 
conceptions. Knowledgr, thus ob- 
tained, has always fomething more po- 
pular and ufefuly than that which is 
forced upon the mind by private pre- 
cepts or folitary meditation. Be(idet> 
it IS generally found, that ayoufb mon 
tafilf receives inftruSionsfrom tbf, com- 
paiiions ^f lisfiudxes^ ivbofe mtndt art 
luartj upon a livel nvitb his otun^ tban 
jroki thoft ivbo are mmcb bisfuperion $ 
and it is from his equals only, that he 
catches the fire of emulation, which will 
not a little contribute to his advance- 

Whatever produces fedulous applica- 
tion, tends immediately to produce ex- 
cellence, and perhaps, what is called 
genius for particular emplovnierits and 
purfuits^ may be refolved wnolly inio a 
a tafte, a liking for this or that obje6l, 
|iiM as arbitrary and as independant of 
intelle^ual ftrcngth, as a liking of dif- 
ferent fruits, which by making labour 
pleaiing, produces a more intcnfe appli- 
cation, longer continued than the agent 
could otherwife hz bi ought to endure. 
With the fame decree of application, 
excellence will be in proportion to abi- 
lity, but the determination of ability to 
a particular labour, feeu.s to depend 
wholly upon tafte, and not upon a fpe- 
cific ctifference in the ability or power 
itfelf, as has been §enr rally imagined. 

Mr Reynolds, having icmmkcd, rh'<it 
we, having nothing to Wr///"/?, ;jofi'e;*^, 
at leaft, one advantage, which no other 
nation can boaft, proceeds tu lay do .vn 
rules by which we may learn with in >ll 
advantage, which are in fubitance as 

An implicit obedience to the rules rf 
art, as eitablilhed by the practice of the 
great maftcrs, (hould be cxacled from 
the young ftudents. And every oppor- 
tunity fliouJd be taken to dif'.ounte- 
nance that falfe and vu1g:ir o^:iiion, 
that rules are the fetteib of genius; 
they are fetters only co men of no ge> 
uius } as that annour, which upon ilie 
ftrong becomes an ornament and z de- 
feii'-L', upon the weak and mi&diapen 
turns into a luad, and cripples the body 
which it was made to protc^it. 

ilow much lihcrr/ ma/ be taken to 


break through thofe rules, and, as the 
poet expreffet it, 

Tofnatcb a grace beyondtbi rtacb of art, 
may be an after coniidcration, when the 
pupils become malters therafelves. It 
ts ikerty tvben tbeir genius bas recei<ued 
its utmofi impr<n/epieutf ibat rules may 
be dijheufe.i ivitb ; but let us not defirtn 
tbe.Jcaffoid until <we ba'Vf raifed the 
buitdifig. ^ 

. The directors ought mere particular- 
Iv to watch over the genius of thofe flu- 
dents, who, being more advanced, aw 
arrived at that critical period of ftudy, 
on the nice management of which their 
future turn of -tafte depends. 

At that age it is natural for them to 
be more captivated with what is biiili- 
ant than what is folid, and to prefer 
fplendid negligence to painful and hu- 
miliating exaftnefs. 

A facility iu compofing, a lively, 
and what is called a mallerly handling 
the chalk or pencil, are, it muft be con- 
felTed, captivating qualities to young 
minds,^ and become of courfe the objects 
of their ambition; they endeavour to 
imitate thofe dazzling excellencies, 
which they will find no great labour in 
attaining. After much rime fpent in 
thefe frivolous purfuits, the difficulty 
will be to retreat j but it will be then 
too late; and there is feat ce an inftanoe 
of return to fcrupulous labour, aftfr 
the mind has been relaxed and debauch- 
ed by thefe delightful trifles. 

By this ufcleis dexterity they are ex- 
cluded from all powi r of advancing in 
real excellence. Whilft I>oy\s, they are 
arrived at their utnioft psrfcdion ; they 
have taken the fliadow tor ihefubftance, 
and make that mechanical fuility, the 
cliicf excellence of the art, which is on- 
ly an ornament, and of the merit of 
which few but painters themielves are 

But young men have not only this 
frivjious ambition of being thought 
mall'.rly inciting them on one hand, alio their natural floth tempting 
them on the other ; they are terrified at 
the { ! uipe£l before them, of the toil re- 
quired to attain exa^efs. They wifli 
to find fome (horter path to excellence, 
and hope to obtain the reward of emi- 
nence by other means, than thofe which 
the indifpenfable rules of art have pre- 
fcribed. They muft therefore be told 
again and again, that labour is the onfy 
price ofjujf fame, and that ivbate'ver 
tbeir force of genius may be^ there is - 
tafy nut bod o/iecoiaing a good ^axv* 

To be coDviuced Yf'\0\Nf\vatAKlC^W 

ing afliduity the moft eminent painten 

Surfued their ftudies, we need only re- 
eft on the method of proceeding in 
their moft celebrated ^orks. When 
they had conceived a (bbjeft, thev firft 
made a variety of (ketches, then annifli* 
td drawing of the whole ; after that a 
more co,rreft drawing of cvory feperate 
part, heads, hands, feet, and pieces of 
drapery ; then they painted the piftufe, 
and after all re- touched it from tbe life. 
The pifhires, thus wrought with fuch 
pain, now appear like the effeft of eh- 
chantraent, as if fome mighty genius 
had ftmck them oflP at a blow. 

The ftudentft, inftead of vving with 
each other which ihall have the readieft 
hand, (hoidd be taught to contend who 
fliall have tbe pur ^ andmof correB out- 
line^ inftead of ftriving which (hall 
produce the brighteft tint> or, curioufly 
trifling, endeavour to give the glofs of 
ftufts, fo as to appear real, let their am- 
bition be direfted to contend, which 
Aall difpofe his drapery in tbe moft 
graceful folds, which ihall give the moft 
grace and dignity to the human figure. 
In n:>neorthe academies that I hStve 
vifited, the ftudents draw exaftly from 
the living models which they have be- 
fore them. It is not indeed their in- 
tention, nor are they direfted to do it. 
Their drawings relemble the model on- 
ly in the attitude. They change the 
form according to their vague and uA« 
certain ideas of beauty, and make a 
drawing rather of what they think the 
figure ought to be, then of what it ap- 
pears. I have' thought this,the obftaclei 
that has ftopt the progrefs of many 
young men of real genius ; and 1 very 
much doubt, whether a habit of draw^ 
ing correftly what we fee, will not give 
a proportionable power of drawing cor- 
reftly what we ima^ne. He who en- 
deavours to copy nicely the figure be- 
fore him, not only acquires a habit of 
cxaftnefs and preeiiion, but is continu- 
ally advancing in his ■ knowledge of the 
human figure \ and though he feems to 
Aiperficiai obfervers to make a flower 
progrefs, he will be found at laft capa- 
ble of adding (without running into 
capricious wiTdnefs) that grace and 
beauty, which is neceflary to be given 
to his more finiflied worksi and which 
tanuot be got h tbe modems ^ as it 'was 
not acquired fy tbe atuientSy but by am 
mttentifue and *weU nmfnredfiudj tf tbe 

By a drawing of Ra^lle, tbe Dif-^ 

•Ue tf tbe Sairamemt^ the print of 

^i^h) by Count Cailus^ is in every 

*P/iMii^ that Im nade his fiKtch 

Lifi §fB^ks^'-^tb Remarks. 

from one model 3 and the habit hs \aA 
of drawing e&aftly from the form be- 
fore him, appears by his mating all die 
figures with the fame cap, Aich as hit 
model then happened to wear j fo (er- 
vile a copyift was this great man, evto 
at a time when he was allowed to be at 
his higheft pitch of excellence. 

1 have feen alfo academv figures by 
Annibale Caracci, thoaph he was ofleil 
fuflicienily licentibus m hit finilhed 
works, drawn with all the pteuliaritiet 
of an individual model. 

This method can only be detrimental 
when there are but few living forma to 
copy s fer then ftudents, by always 
drawing from one alone, will by habit 
be taught to overlook defe6ls, and mif- 
take deformity for beauty. Bat of this 
objeftion there is no danger } fince the 
council has determined to ftfpply the 
Academy with a varietjr of fubjeos. 

This diftourfe certamly does honoar 
to the prefident as a painter, if any bb*^ 
nour can be added to that wbich he has 
acquired by his pencil ; it has befidet 
great merit as a literary compofition. 

f.Ferfes in memory ^a Lady^nuriUiB 
at Sandgate CaflU 176S. BeCket 6d. 

The verification of this little piece 
Is remarkably good, as indeed it is in 
all other pieces of the fame author, the 
thoughts however are fomecimes forced 
and unnatural, the epithets ill chofen, 
and words repeated vtfithout multiply- 
ing ideas. 

Falfe and faitblefs are both epithets 
of pride in the firft verie, but furely 
pride that is falfe is futhlefs, and pride 
that is faithlefs falfe j when we fay the 
rbeek iipale^ we excite many ideas that 
are connefled with the term } this 00^ 
lour, not natural, is produced both by 
paflion and difeafi^ ; out who is tbero 
that traces either in the faUnefs of am 
tart Can prayV, fays this au{hor> 
pierce tbe paie ear (^deatb : he calls 
Upon the fpirit, whole departure he la* 
ments, to ** Catch his warm fighs, and 
kifs his bleeding firains^^^ b\it Jfrain in a 
fenfe in which it can be kiflcd, cannot 
with propriety be faid lb bleed : The 
author has alio ufed the exprefllon bur- 
ning angmjbf but as anguifti is feldom 
ufed to exprefs the pain of any pafiion 
but forrow, and as it is fo ufed here» 
bunting is not a proper epithet. He re«> 
prefents the wind that roars round the 
tower, and fwells the furge, ^s nature 
fl'^ggl^f'S '* '^' arms 0/ death, an t« 
mage altogether extravagant and in- 
congruous. ThjB foUewing vcrfes which 


Ufi $/ Books I— with Remarks. 


condnde ^ pocni> art pithetic> tender, 

O coinc>ye(bfter(ocrows> to Bybmft! 
Ye lenient fi^ht, that fluanber into reft I 
For once thu pain, this fnuiiic pain 

And feel at laft the laxunr of woe I 
Ye holr fuff'iers, that in faience wait 
The lAft fad refuge of relieving fate ! 
That reft at eve beneath the Cyprefa* 


And ucep finiiliir on your future tomb) 

With you 1*11 wafte the flow-departing 

day, [hour* away. 

And wear, with you, th* uncolour*d 

Oh lead me to your cells, your lone- 
ly ailei, [fnules j 
Where re6gnation folds her arms, and 
Where hoi V faith unwearied vigils keeps, 
And guards the urn where fair Om^mm* 

tia * fleeps : 
There let roe there in fweet oblivion lie. 
And calmly feel the tutored paffions die. 


t.Jtf AccmMt pftbi Pbih/gphkal 
Trm^{KSknJt cont'muidfrom p, 45. 

XliXl. An Account of a Hydro-en' 
Uroceii, appearing like a Hydro-farco- 
ctU^ and ending in deaths bj Af. Le 
Cat, F.K.S. 

The patient was 6§p the account 
given of him to M. Le Cat waF, that 
he had been accuftomcd to a rupture, 
which for a fortnight paft he had been 
accuftomed to put up nimfelf, that for 
eight days he had been fcized with a 
vomiting and could take no nourifli- 

The humour was found to be foft, 
cijpeciallylowards the ring, which feem- 
td to be fo free, that the nnger with tlie 
integuments might be pufhed under it | 
the extremity of the i'welling, which 
waff about the fize of an orange, was a 
tranfparent hydrocele; the complaint 
was therefore- imagined to be an old 
rupture, fucceeded by a farocele and a 
hydrocele, that is a flefhy excreflfence, 
and a bag filled with water, and the in- 
Icftine was fuppofed to have boen re- 
turned ; but after the experience of 40 
years this able furgeon was miftaken ; 
(he patient died the night following, and 
upon opening the common hernial lac, 
a large portion of the intcftine was 
Found in it, and the convoluted extre- 
mity had infmuated itl'elf into the fac 
of the hydroceU, which was formed of 
the vaginal coHt of the teOicIc. If the 
patient ha:i not been fo far txhaujtcd, 
M. Le Cat thinks his life n.i^bt have 
been prefcrved by drawing off (he wa- 
ter cf the hydr<tccle tiirouph an open- 

ing large enough to have cxaamied 
the contents oT the turner, and then 
purfuing the operation as appearancea 

XXXII. Ne^ experiments in Elec^ 
tricitf^ ky John Baphfei Eeccmria, 

Thefe experiments are related with a 
fuccintneA and pitcilion that makes it 
impoffible to exhibit an epitome with- 
out injury, and thev do not ieem much 
to increafe the phuofophic knowledge 
of the fubjca. 

XXXIH. AJpecimenrftbeNatnral 
Hi/ory of the folga, or Woka, and the 
adjacent funtry^fmm laim N. 4S to 5a, 
hyj. R, tor/fer. 

This fnecimen is not an objeft of 
curiofity, but of fdence : A very brief, 
but to all appearance, a very accurate 
account is given of the minerals, vege- 
tables, and animals of this region, 
ranged under their general heads,' with 
proper fubdivifions ; it is incapable of 
abndsement, and though it oontaina 
valuable knowledge, can afford little 
more entertainment than a table or an 

XXXlV.Matbematicai, wtbtbedi^ 
agram \ for which the reader is refer- 
red to the Memoir. 

XXXV. A Memoire concerning the 
mcji advantageous confiru3ion of Wa- 
ter-'wbeeby bj Mr Mallet of Geneva^ 

The feveral particulars relating to 
the water-wheel that are conGdcrol in 
this article, are, the fize of what are 
called the float boards (boards perpen- 
dicular to the axis of the wheel upon 
which the dream adls) the velocity with 
which the wheel is to turn, and the 
number of float hoards neceflfary to pro- 
duce the grcatell pofTible effefl. Thefe 
partic'ilars are afcertained by a feries 
of geometrical reafoning, illultrated by 
diagrams, without which it cannot be 

XXXVI. A neiu method tf conflrua- 
ing fuH'dialSf for any giuem latitude, 
twithout the ajiflance of dialing fcales, 
or logartihmctical calculations* iy Jam 
Fergufon, F. R. S. 

This is (like all Mr Fergufon's per- 
formances) very fimple, very Ingeni- 
ous, and explained with fuch perfpicu- 
ity, that to read Engliih is all that is 
neceffary to undcrftand it, and confc- 
quently all who read this article will be 
able to make a dial. It is however ne- 
cefljry to infert the cut to which this ar- 
ticle refers for illuilration, which per- 
haps in a future number we may do, 
and infert this curious and ufeful ar- 
ticle 4t length. 


fc ' i^-u-^aaeriw. _• » ■■■^-- 


Lift if l&oM^i^-vitb Rm^ks'i 

XJOtVn. Oh the formation of iflsmds 
By Alexander OaliympUf Efq. _. ^ 

This it an enquiry into ths ongin of 
idands in eeneral, but of the low flat 
ifltnds in tne ocein in partis ular, fuoh 
a# moft of thofe which have been dil- 
covtred in the South Teas are. 

Thefe iflandf are senerallj long and 
narrow, formed by a oar of land which 
inclofes tiie fta within it, leaving a nar- 
tow channel of ccnfnmunication, torn- 
monly wide enough to admit a canoe, 
and K>nietimet larger veflfeUi all thcTe 
iilandt, Mr Dalrympte fuppolcN to liave 
been formed of banks ot com!, which 
are found at all depths and all dilhnces 
from the fliore, fomctimes divided by a 
narrow gut without bottom ; loofe co- 
ral rolled inward by the biilow^ in 
large pieces will ground, and the reflux 
not being able to carry them away, they 
become a bar and retain the iand, 
which being moft eifily raifed will be 
lodged at the top. Whtn the find 
bank, by violent ftorms is railed beyond 
the reach of common waves, it becomes 
a reftiug place to birds, drawn thither 
in fearph of prey ; the dung and fea- 
thers increafe the foil, and prepare it 
for the reception of accidental roots, 
branches, ana feed, caft up by the waves, 
and brought thither by the birds 't thus 
fays Mr Dairy mple, iflands are formed : 
the leaves and rotten branches inter- 
tnixing with the fand, form, in time, a 
light black mould, of which in general 
thefe iflandt conlift, more fandy as lefs 
W3oJy ; and when full of large trees, 
with a greater proportion of mould, 
cocoa nuts, which will continue long in 
the fea without loHng their vegetative 
powers are commonly to be found in all 
iuch iflands, which might the rather be 
expeAed, as they are adapted to all 
toA% whether fandy, rich, or rocky. 

It is further oblen'ed, that the vio- 
lence of the waves within the tropics, 
muft generally be dire^ed to two points, 
accoiding to the monfoons ; for this 
reafon the iflands formed by coral banks 
muft be Jong and narrow, and be nearly 
in a meridional direction. When the 
c >r'dl banki aie notexpoletl to the mon- 
ir-j*^, they will alter their dire A ion, and 
thi if figure according toaccidental cir- 

Navigators, by obferving the winds to 
which iflands are moft cxpoled, may 
form a probahl^ conjefiurc, which licle 
has the d* ep'.'ft water. So from ob- 
fcrving which iiJc has a flioal, it may 
be inferred on which fidr; the wind rages 
with muft violence. It was oSfcrved by 
^ SuoJvo piljtc, t!iut all (he iil vid$ iy- 

ing N. E. of Borneo^ bad flioalt .tio the 
Eaftward. i thev arc covered to the 
Weftward by Borneo, and the N^£. 
winds tumbling in the billows from a 
▼all oceaii, heap up the coral with 
which thofe feas are. Allied* ■, . 

XXXVIII. Anatteiipi $p det^rmM 
the height tf' the Sun*i mtmoJpJUere from 
tke height of the Jb/arJ^ts abo^M his 

furface : By the Re*u. Mr Hirjley. 

This article being a fcriea of geosie- 
trical rf-.foning, cannot be abridg^. 
The rtinlt is a crcat probability that 
the i'nn*s atinofpneie is io8 dmes at 
high in proportion to his femidiameter 
as ours, r:ul ^M rife to the diftance of 
moiC than four-thirds of his femidia* 
mctcr fi I -.: his furface. 

Let philofopbers confider then, (kyt 
Mr Horfley, whether thefe indicattona 
of the vaft height of the fuifs atmo- 
fphere give any degree of probability to 
a conjeAure of Sir Ifaac Newton, that 
the difiipation of the fun^s fubft^nce, 
which might be expe£led from his in- 
tenfe heat, may in great part be pre- . 
vented by the prodigious prefTure of the 
incumbent atmofphere. 

XXXIX. Ohfervaticns qf the Ecl^fe 
of the Sun on tie 1 6th. of Augufi 1765, 
at Caen in NormanJy, By Nat, Pigot, 
Efq, This cannot be abridged. 

XL. Obfer*vatione on the animal nm^ 
ture cf the genus if Zoothjies^ called Co^ 
rallines. By John Euis^ Efq. 

This if in attempt to confute the opinion 
which many celebrated natur?i]ift> hare maia- 
tjined that the coriUiiies of Linnxui hare no 
participitinn of animsl nature, but are true 
plamiof the genuv of Confen;a. Mr Ellis 
hat treated thofe who differ from him in opi* 
nion wi:h a polirerefi which docs him great 
honour, efpccially at there hat been fiaw 
contioverilei even in philofophy that have not 
difjgraccd both panics at men. Mr EUi« re- 
lates fotne chemical experiments, which hav- 
ing been made with great (kill and accuracy, 
prove, contrary to experiments related by his 
ama:*onift^^ thAt the corallines in queftlon, 
ro: tain animal oil and volatile fait, and there- 
fore cannot belong to the vegetable kingdom. 

Mr K'l:« define* a Conferva to be ' a 
' plant ibitlijjintcd filaments, either fingle 

* or branched, bearing fiuit, which arc dif- 

* pofed in cifTerent wa)$,' 

He drfinet a corralline to be ' an animal 
' growinj; in the fotm of a plant, whofe ftem 
' is fixed to oilier bodies j ami compMftd of 

* capillary tubes, whofe ex-.^emiiies pa£i 
' thru' acaJcarious ciuft, aud "pt:n iu;o pores 

* on the furface. The branches arc often 
' jointed, ^nd always fubdividcd into imalier 
' branches, which are either loofe and un- 

* connc-aed, or formed as ii (Ley were 

* glued together/ X, 

( T« 6e c«a(tiiiicd« \ 

P^an! Ej»»ti, TEM' 

I - X!»,^-*T>fcti.l>>iait tot1IMjlt^J«y». 

Ti»*.-aif jiiu II mm I M ii wiW 


fSrSilr ri^ii ■ — '^ ' ' * T.i»iy*»1i,iii in uaNiiimw. 

Readj w tcin tkc post dnaMlte ^ ) 

*""" * "^- .T^ I r„,i»<iMBy»*n,t«to*i'ii*T*»ni 


• «.'. to^^. jj-i. : ..K,T?i;,«-r>*l«>,«,>l,, 

ILOGUK. !/.&.*, «r,Ca«. '««.«!-'••.-'*•"—" fl- 
if'ta fcnoir, dew fin, wiTh due fthinilBaB, 

MrtorWkniiiAtduitiucli<ai>t«nai ' He Uueh'd - 1 hiw'd^bul (M I M 

m th* Ton, <ikl I, ibe>'ll i" >|im. ' "i* Urplnc hltDd did ikui iba tl«b Nptii •— 

« orm cliin«ci Will bm TiiiL w .- ' Pnt, if— itfi SetH/ftr lUl m -rtt Mmm* 

, £Kti lifclcli, nici^f^n nif, "v— 

mbemll. *iib pnlirEci. md flnf-t * IHi^dtjn pm U %t1—%n\tumA*l.~ 

aumideiofbotti wiU be tiu[ uiiing i ' I hope jmillbntb btkind Mitri'*! ImII)~ 

Itoweaoagti.ud&idKUsDaraeCEiiig. * AjariiUI% Wtunli m inaJfji Dills'^ 

fenbUiW natt; >[ dui *« flung ; ■« ' Tliifa9'rtfi»t'f,allllif{trrmbWIU\^ 

rf Wnedifpimd— HoU.bjiI, roa'ral ' rUdamlurPlv~nili*ir»rlftt.i,/ 

fb»»nkitotoa'war]MftRi(,M}> ' Siy dl/nU/-* ti * mm t; i*i 1'timti. 

104 7»« Gentleman's MAGAZINE, Vol. XXXtX.' 

* If yod ari* here, •good fin, to breed a riot, 
' Dod'c fhew yonr fpitc— for if yoa irc not quiet, 

* Tistfin to one— I fpetk ic for jraer fake, 
' This School for Kakcf^vre'll prore Toun IViis 

' Ai f you fare me from their tyrannic will, 

* You will not let ihem ufe a Woman ill ! 

* Protect her, and her brat . The truly brave ! 

* Wemen and Children, will for ever fiive.' 

* Looking abni the Ibbfi, fTktPit, 

By Mr W O T Y. 

SOON at the nimble handmaid Houn, 
Emerging from the twilight bow'n. 
The fair Aurora have divinely dreft } 
Ere yet" the radiant lord of Day, 
Chafii^ the humid clouds away, 
With heiv'nly glow hath flufli'd the palefic'd 

Oh ! ffoie-iip'd Virgin * are thy footfteps feen. 
Both on the mounuin flope, and on the letel 

. Whit time within the maze of fleep 
The dxonea of life their fenfet fteep, 
While dreamt oppiefllve o'er their fancieiride, 
Tbou joln'ft the merry random dance. 
With iLxercile and Temperance : 
9W the gay gwom, and this the happy bride. 
Thefe are thy parenu, and from fuch as thefe 
Did Britain's hardy race fpring up b ancient 

. Qiteen o^ each grace ! fweet-featur'd Maid ! 

Without tby gen'rous confUnt aid 
Lo?e'a firiilqr band in vain doth Beauty txead. 
No genuine, fond adorer diet 
Beneath bitt brilliant— killing eyes ; 
For' all their Inilre,. all their fire it fled : 
Nor can the Fair One Jong the loft furvive, ■ 
'Till Thou her charms reftore, and keep thofe 
charms alive. 

Oh, favorite of the human race f 

What certain quick events take place, 
Difpenfing gracious boon when thou art nlg|i ! 

Sicknef^, unpillowing hi^ head, 

Starts up alertly from his bed. 
AikI looks around him with a joyful eye ( 
While Qnttf who like a ikeleton appears. 
Blithe, from his thuiwom cheeks wipes oiFthe 
fcalding Tears. 

At thy falute, thy friendly touch, 
Th'enfeebled morul o'er his crutch 

No longer bends, but flands erea at length j 
Sadden he feels with dear furprize 
Each fibre Arecch, each mufcle rife. 

And looks rhe figure of elaftic ftrength. 

Wielding his club, Alcides like, he goes. 

Surveys his brawny limbs, and icaice bimlelf 
he knows. 

Ah ! when ihsit I thy bleflings ihare? 
When wilt tbou give thy vital air 
fTo fan the dying embers of my foul ? 
When (hall I join, when once again 
Join ili> jocofe— thy ruddy uain. 

And qaair, with decency thy fober bowl f 
View me with pity, and thy powVdifRifep 
Rebrace my flaccid nerves, nid chear my hn* 
guid mufe. 

Since in thy primrofe-path I've been. 

The pranked fpring hath pafs'd imfcen, 
Nor left one fingk flow'r to naft mine eye : 

And that Brown Beauty, who the born 

Of plenty fills with golden com. 
In trim ftraw-hat hath trip'd reganllefs by ; 
Pomona too her ample ftore difplay'd, 
Sipce through thy fylvtn walks of Paxadiie I 

And twice hath winter, foe fisvem 

To the foft fonfliine of the year, 
Difi:los*d his horrid fcentry o' woe ; 

Twice from the rude, tht. chilling north. 

The hoary fire hath fallied forth, 
Bending beneath a Magazine of fnow ; 
Then, whilft the whirl-winds rag'd at his com* 

Shook the valt burthen off, and roll'd it tfaroog|b 
the land. 


Once more, propitious Hialtr * ctnce mor« 

My feeble frame to ftrengtfa reitoi»» 
Nor let me fa 11 a viAim to defpalr. 

Alas ! I fear my troubled mind ^ 

Is lott, and rambles uncoofin'd; 
Elfe why to Thee (houkl I prefer my pny'r 9 
Great God of Mercies * Thou alone canft lave 
My weak, my finking foul, and wieft mc trom 
the grave. 


SAY, ia there tught that can eoovej 
An ifluge of its tranfient ttkjf 
"Tis an hand's -breadth ; 'tb a tale 3 
'Tis a vefle) oiider fail ; 
*Tis a ccHtrier's ftraioing fkeed 1 
'Tis a fiiuttle in iu fpeed ; 
*Tis an eagle in iu vray. 
Darting down upon its prey | 
'TIS an arrow in its flight. 
Mocking the purfuing fight 1 
'TIS a vapour in the air ; 
"Tb a whirlwind nithing there { 
'TIS a fliort liv'd fading flow'r ; 
'Tis a rain -bow on a Aow'r s 
"Tis a momentary ray, 
Smiling in a wimcr^t day; 
*Tis a torrent's rapid ft ream ; 
nris a fliadow ; 'tis a dream ; 
'Tis the clofin^; watch of ni^. 
Dying at the rifing light ; 
'TIS a landfcape vainly gay, 
■Painted upon crumbling ciayi 
*Tis a Ump that waAes it's fires i 
'TIS a fmokc that quick expires; 
Tii a bubble; 'tis a figh; 
Be prepar'd, O Man ! to die. 

Written in the Aleo<ve at CUfdon. 
f^OVLD Ofknej'% ghoft, or f^rJtr/VA's royal 
Vji Oude, 

View thefe rude walks, or yon negleAed glade^ 
How thebcaveWanrier would lamem ihcir I'aie, 
^.nd t'ruttJ-'^t r-'**M»t Kift much admii'U tet tat. 

POR E J G tf N Ely S. 


^9 JSf».i3.' 

0|IS t— iilTMia piDcaediQsi baf pened 
faac^ m tte To«a-hiB, ofl •econiir of 
f tkairtM { b«tl4rii»l«iiibnableia- 

t e r p o fti oaofdtc msgilkntet cbe noci wai 

^•ciusavtmoiK nuxMcii 
CMwyh«*f 3^ 3i- Since hb' m^ftv't 

bert iMr ikt' im i iw c— i n of «iti tnd acri- 

^/ Ar. )Ob 't>o diii<{ence wfch, 

UBaolioofi vt fimliei wfch- 
ly aBorat VBU preoDDCo nopci 
ihac thei' will be aUe ee ofen cbe campeijcA 
btfiwe ike TNuks, uA oe cany ibe Ibar of 

AiNfig A^. 4. Sefee FmlRia oiken are. 
ebeedy eppoiatedto l^nre ie bar C&Hriii 
liqei^ eiinjr at w l — iecri . Tbey 
•c Bieiaiiy aad pa& ^tom cbeade 

^mtfk, Ike. t(. The ardour %lib 
pre]HuatioM for war are carried on 
afBieA Roffia, iacreelb daily. Tbe comj 
^aeden iecbief .vie edibeacb oiber in pro- 
lid^lllpl OMft oeAty eifolpege^ In ordet co 
take dbe ieU wich ^indet. "^Tbeirieniii 
are of gold end il«er tuV»aodibeir taaderdt 
of fleb fthmt -near ail cheir antt are 
T'i'inifH wUb fih;er» •od> thejr taka wlc& 
f^ttm tbe noft Tlluible efiettt. Ilie city 
finijnl wkh ragaboods, vbo uedcr precencd 
of ^oiof; CO cbe army co iied cbeir blood for 
cheir coimcry, nuke no fcninle of clapping a 
knife co cbe cbroaxi of cbe inbabicanct co pro* 
one ftkeicw^tbal co e^ip cbemfelfei. Se- 
voil Goeiplainrs of cbefe jioleocei^ bare 
been made co cbe Graiad Vixir j but all cbe 
aafver be gave wa«, "Tbat 00 meant 
could ever be found co bring people co i€a- 
Ibo, vbo were determined co faerifice tbem- 
frlvcs for cbeir oooncry } and cbac ereiy one 
muft relioTe bimfelf at weil at be could 
Iroffl cbe embarrainenc occafioned by eir- 
camftaocet of ibat natui e.'* 

fitna^ Jam. 9. Tbe courc finding it ne- 
ecAry co ba upon iu. guard on cbe fide of 
Foland, it eftablifiueg nugazinet in M«}|da<t 
Tia and Bobbmia, and bat given oidert for 
forming tbree increncbcd campt of 10 or 
I2,ooo men each. TheTuiktbawoalreac^ 
commiaed fiNoe ezcefibt on cbefideof Mol- 
davia, and tbe inbabicaaca axe come 10 b.owt 

Wwrftwn 7es. Ja» TJie ficoaiion of public 
afiiiin in cbit kingBdeet becomet every day 
more crickal dianocber. Many diffneec 
coofiedeieciet are fiwnbig 3 buc cbe perfon 
of cbe king itbeUiacicd byeliparciet. 

Tbe Heydaau^Bea» a lavage peo]»ley bave 
joined cbe levokcd pcafinct, and Itid waH^ 
near all the Uktraine, and commitced cbefe 
cbe moft horrible osefiicfe^. Befidet . cbefe, 
a body of fo/MO Tartait art sAoslly en- 
camped within a few leagoet of Balm. 
. , AnU CbapiUe, M, S. Tbb cicy waa fud- 
*deBly anveftcdy ud cbe gaiet forced by cbe 
{fimt, Mag* Feb. I'stg) 


Eleaor Macme'a cro^. Hit bi^ioeft 
having the appoincmenc of an offi^terxalled 
die Malfweyer, and chat officer having e 
hbufealkxted faiffly which he bad let co e 
Proccllant dyer, the magiftracy had cakeo a 
refolocion to obftrnA che nvin in the ezercife 
of hit crade. Hit complaint co cheEleAor 
produced tbit extraordinary redref* ; and che 
magiihates have now 40 or 50 foldiert eacb 
<loarcei«d upon cbem, who no doubc wiU 
loon bring tbiem to a bectef temper. 

Ltihifn^ Jtm. 13. The Corficant ba«e}ufk 
received a confiderahle check. TbeF^renCh 
troops have forprited ibe cown of Onninb, 
in which they fiMmd 12 large.fieki placet , 
too mufkeo, 700 baneb of powder, great 
^uantitiet of grab, end a laige fum of 

Cffr, Jam, 13. What the* moft prudent 
here foretold bat now happened : our divl* 
ficmi will prove our rule. , The craiiort of 

J heir CMmcry begin to pull of the mafk, 
*rench gold and French addrefa bave c^f* 
rupccd many uf our ptincipal chiefly wbo, 
whb cbei^ dcpendapcty are gone overco cbe 
army. Our general It ftui decermiocd co 
carry oB the war. A fuipenfioo ckf arm^ baa 
been talked of ; buc cbe lermt were re* 

GtKoa^ J'm, 7. Tbe French have deter^ 
mined to recfuce che Corficans by a fuddeh 
ftroke doling the wimer. An embarkation 
ii cherefore talked of frrm Mi^eilles, Tou- 
lon, and Antibet , if the rigour of the feafoii 
doet not prevent it. 

Rmit, Jmu. 10. Thedifputet bet^entho 
Holy Sce^ aqd the pi iucet of che boufe of 
Bourbon, mcreale daily « It it even appre- 
hended that fome of thofe fovereignt are 
determined to difolaim the Pope*tfupremacy, 
and, in imitation of the ki'^g of England, 
take the affairt of che church into their cyn 

Paris, Jqm, ao« A treaty of a very ex- 
traordinary nature it u'ked of here, bet\^eea 
the king, che empreit queen, his PruflSkla 
majefty, and the eleaor of Sixony, on tl{e 
one pan ; and the Oaomon Porte on the o- 
thcr. If this be true, the objeA muft be a 
nentrality daring the prefcnt war betweoi 
che Turks and Ruffiant. ' 


Bffva^ Ntw Emtfand, T^ct. Ac i court 
manul on board the Mermaid^ two ftijort 
were feacenced co be flogged for defection^ 
and one to be hanged j but juft at ientenge 
was to be executed upon the tatter, a re- 
prieve anived for him from Cemmodore 

Btfita, New EngtanJ, Dec, 5. Cencry- 
bteet' are now placed at the gates of the 
Prov tsce-houfe, and the governor Is honoured 
with a miliurj guard. 

Kcm To'k, Ac, 23. Lord Boccetourt hat 
juft difmifled ten cr twelve of the Virginian . 
■council for having joined the afleieblj'e 

Hiftorical Chronicle, Feh. 1769. 

A Dreadful hurricane arofe on the 25th 
J\ of C^ober, on the ifland of Cuba, by 
whi^ the town and haibour of the Havan- 
nth fuifered irreparably. Houfcs, Ihipa, 
and docks were involTed id one common 
ruin, and above 1000 ibuJs periflied almoft 
inftantaneoufly. The ftorm began on the 
South fide, and died away on the Northland 
did not continue more than two hours : 96 
public edifices, and 4048 houfet were de- 
hroyed by it. 

At Ratford, near Coventry, a ball of fire 
was feen about 3 in the afternoon, op the 
a 7th of January; which however fell without 
doing any damage. 

A terrible florm arofe off Calais in x^t 
night of the 28th paft, in which five ihipt 
were driven aihore. On the maft of one oi 
them, part of the crew remained 36 h urs, 
when ^ey were relieved at the utmoft ha* 
zard of life. Two, however, had perilhed 
before afiiftance could arrive. 

An infurredion of the inhabitants of New 
Orleans, in Odober la ft, was attended with 
the moft ferious confequences ; they ex- 
pelled their Sfvanilh governor Don Abcooio 
d' Alloa, and drove him Atom the ifland ; 
confined the French commandant Aubrey^ 
and difpatched four of the principal gentle- 
men of the place to France to folicit redreis 
- of grievances. 

M. Voluire has rebuilt his parifli church 
at Ferney, and over the front placed theie 
yamary 14. 
Htt Danifli majeAy arrived at Copenha- 
gen, the capital of lus kingdom, preceded 
by 30 i^tlions, and was received yiiih the 
greaceft acclamations of joy. The queen 
met him at Rotfchild, and accompanied him 
to the capiul: 

Jamary 24. 
A RecoUet of the town of Chalon in 
France, found means to make himfelf mafter 
of the whole treafure of the convent in that 
town. It was in the poiTeflionof two wo- 
men, it being .contrary to the inftiiution of 
the Order, for Friars to keep money wichia 
their walls. 

Janita'y 27. 
Mr John HiUicr, a fliopkeeper at Guild- 
ford, was found murdered in his own houfe. 
The murdfcren were farmer's lads, about 1 7 
or it) years of age. They were difcovered 
by one of them dropping his garter near the 
l)ody of the deceafed. 

Jcmaary 30. 
~ Being the anniverfary of the martyrdom 
of King Charles I. the Bifliop of Llaa^fT 
preached before the Houfe of Peers. And 
Dr Halifax before the Commoot. 
ycaatary 31. 
The Houfe' of Commons was very full. 
Mr Wilkes was brought up by the Marflial 
of the King's Bench prifon -, hii jpeiiikna 

was reduced to two heads, aoaending t|ie ie« 
coid, and corrupting his fervaats with pabifC: 

Weinejday^ Feb, Z. 
This day a bank and lombanl,f6t the con- 
venience of trade was opened at Eoobden, by- 
order of his prufltan majefty. 

The Judges chofe their ciicuiti for the 
Lent aflize. 

North Circtttit. Ld Maosield^JuitBathurft. 
Norfolk — Ld C. J. Wilmot, Bmou Adama^ 
Midi. — Ld C. J. fuk/tt. Jut. Afton. 
Home — Juft. Clive, fiaioB Symthe. 
OxSard «- Baron Perrot, Jnft. Yatea. 
Wefk — Jufl. GouW, Juft. WlUes, 
. Mr Wilkes was agam brought priibaet 
before the Houfe. 

. Two annual premiums of 25!. each, left 
by the . late Dr Smith, of Cambridge, to two 
jttn. batchelon, the heft proficients in ma^ 
Chematlct and natural phUofophy, were ad- 
judged to Mr Atwcod of Trinity^ and Mr 
Parkinibn of Chrift College. 
rbtfftky 2. 
The bill for allowmg the free {jnportadoa 
of ialted pmvjfidns from Irelaad and Ame- 
iica,pafled by commiifion.v 

Mr Wilkes was again biou^.up priio* 
ner to the Houfe. 

A new kind of enteruinmem in England, 
called thq Att i c, was introduoed upon the 
iiage by Mr Sheridan, and wta received 
Vfith applaufe. 
. , Friday 3.. 

After long and warm .debates, the mattar 
x>f the petition was determined f jthe amend- 
mena dcclartd according .to law and evbry 
day's praaice, (he charge frivDlous, and the 
afperfions againft the Lord Chief Juftice in- 
^amnutory. The allegations in the fecond 
head were declared, mot fullf proved, 
. The introduilion to Lord W — th's letter 
wu then taken into consideration. The 
L— ds had already declared that writif^ an 
infolent, fcandalous, and fiaditious libel, 
tending to inflame and Air up the minds of 
his majefty's fubjeds to feditlon, and to a 
total fubverfion of ail good order and go- 

Mr Wilkes was this day expelled the 

Houfe, and a new writ tffued for Middlefex. 

Miles Burton Allen, Efq; was committed 

to Newgate for prefuming to challenge Sit 

Wm Meredidi, for words fpoken in debate. 

A number of perfons were rioiouliy af- 
fembled, and pulled down the ruins of fome 
old houies in Drury hine, when a party of 
the guards being fentfor, took feveral of the 
moft attive into cuftod^, and difperfed the 
left. The peace oficert had in vab atf> 
tempted to Hop their proceedings. 
Saturday 4. 
An important caufe relative to the vali. 
dity of a Scotch maniige wis finally de- 



in ^ com of Dc%MAs» «nd chf 

As oe Kiag' of Fringe wu himring b 
the fottit of St, Gtrnttio, hit horie fcft 
wiih him, and hit mtjelkjr le^eivad • coaw* 

Bojh hottflu of Coofooiion, preceded hy 
his G^ce che Abp of CemertHiqr, wiiiefl 
mo hie majdlj with che% eddrelt. See 

. Aa a^ is BOW i(te|ia)4ing in pdrli^nent 
iv dfe fellef of iafolvm Mum: 

Bring' Shrore-l'aSay, die coaj(Uh|ei 
»Md thU grttt cky wm TigiUnt ia pie- 
the htrhiibtot euibnn of tlQOwiqg ac 

mMi tn Amenc^ pndi^rwent th^ ievemt 


wd w^e dfckted jllc^ttocl un< 
"^^ end cafcoleted te eiciie fedi* 

^ni^y to ochef pronnoei, m w eiim c a bte 
gjg,ymgo«» • tending w €ieate unUwfvl 

JWwl, «d fuht^fire of the cootfturioii. 
n«GoBTeauonis held as a daring infinkto 
■^^,^'^r^* aiicfaoiiqr» end aa audadooa 
MfpeuAn of cfaepowen of gafemmenc. 

L5"* on by hallot at the Baft India 
■oefe cfaeoueftboibr agreeing with the pub- 
lic, and granting 400,000!. a year fcr fire 
3pn, oat of the' territorial revenues in In- 
lae, when the (ame was ftially determined 
990 ^i^ 250 ; b eoofeqnence of which 
thuMMfiate lecourie was had to parliamenc to 
'carry the agreement mto execution. 

F^id^ xo. 
At a common hall of the Urery of Loo- 
A>n, Mr Clavey in the chair, a fet of in- 
AmdioQs CO the reprefentatives of the cky 
m p«i)iammt trere read, and noanimouily 
aFpTored. See p. 74. At thii meeting Mr 
AUerman Beckford attended, and fpoke to 
the following tfMt, ** This leiblution of 
Jdurs to inftniA your members, gentlemen, 
is right ; for it is conftitotional. If any in- 
fmdionsfliouldbegivenco me which may be 
In confii tent with my own fentiments, I Aall 
alwtjRi take the liberty, with decency and 
Ihraiitity, to lay, that in my opinion they are 
frnproper ; hut fir be it from me to oppofo 
tty own judgment againft that of fix thoa-* 
fond of my fellow cfitens. Thatgivbgin- 
'^mdions was according to law, and the 
cuftdm of parliament 1 for which (he (aid) 
,be had the authoi^ of that great oracle of 
the law. Lord Coke. That it muft be fo b 
ihe nafwe of thbgs j for that formerly re» 
ppefoncattves were paid wages by their con- 
iftneacs, bat that li fome late houfet of 
ttffiament, [the piefent, he obferred, was 
*cbe mbtt aacorrupt he erer knew] the re- 
prcfoutaiires had rather chnie to receife pay 
and pen&jos from miniAers than from their 
foatttBents." He dben MdrUed chat the 


li rexy, b their Jnftraaions, flunld attend to 
mesfurei and not men, which he declared he 
himfelf had always done; and that he nerer 
womM ac<:eptof place, penfion,ticle, or any 
emolument whaoberer. 

SatMrdacf tl. 
A fubfcription was fet on foo& at Cam- 
bridge for a poor clergyman at Brandon b 
Suffolk, who by two wires hashed eight and 
twenty children, and whofe incon^e is 65!. 
n year, for the fervicAof two churchet, nio^ 
miles apart, and the teaching a freefohool 

The great cauie depending between the . 
Hoa.MisChudleigh^ and the Rt Hon. A. 
John Hervey^ Elqt was thit day determined 
la the Confiftory dourt of London, in fiTO«ir 
bf the lady | an:l (he was <ieclired to be firee 
from any macrimonial contra A with the faid 

At the (ame time the caufe depending be- 
tween the D. of G— and his D*fs, was 
determined, and a dirorce pronounced. 
Swid^ 12. 
A letter from Paris d this day's | date, 
foretells a change b the political fyitem of 
Fnnce, from the ijUbence of Madamoifelle 
Bany^ the king's new miftrefs. This bdy^ 
who Is rery young, and very handfome. Is 
likewife r^ry fubtle. She diH ikes the prime 
• mbtAerChoifeul, and is refolved to have a 
minifter of her own creation ; but who that 
minifter is, lime muft fbow. 
JMsHday 13, 
Both houfes of parliament waited on bis 
' majefty with their addrefs refpe<9ing the 
critical fituaiion of American afTsirs. In 
this addrefs they approre the meafures that 
hare been taken to put a ftop to ihofe dif • 
orders, and recommend to his liiajefty's 
wifdom the moft etfedtual means of bringing « 
to condign puniflimcnt, the chief auihors and 
inftigators of them ; concluding, that if it 
fliould be f'Mind necel&ry, a fpecial com- 
'milfion may be iflucd for enquiring, hearing, 
and determining their offences within this 
realm, purfuint to the prorifioo of an z€t of 
parliament, 5 Hen. S. 

To which addrefs his majefty was pleafed 
to return the following moft gracious anfwer* 
My I^rds, and Gentlemen, 
" The fincere iatisfadion you exprefs in 
the meafures which I have already taken, 
and the ftrong aflurances you give of fup- 
poning me in thofe which may be ftill ne- 
.ceflary to maintain the ju^ leglHative autho- 
rity, and the due execution of the iaws, in 
my province ufMallUchufett's* Bay, give me 
grtf<<t pieafure. 

*' I (hall not fail to give thofe orders 
which you recommend as the moft efieAual 
method of bringiog the authors of the late 
unhappy difosaers b that province to con- 
dign punifliment.*' 

fmefdioi 14. 
At a nomerout meeting of the freelmldirrs 
of Middlefex, at the Mile-end afTembly 
room, George Bellas, Efqi in the chair ^ {a. 
Towniiend^ ££[^ ineta\:«i foi>NefiCk(yAV(\ 

io8 tbt Gentleman's MAGAZINE, Vol. XXXI. 

CornwtU, recommended th^ ie-ele6ioii of 
IV^r Wilketln a very elegant atxl animtted 
fpeech, in which he obfenred, that hit had 
never feen or fpoken to Mr Wtlkes before 
hit lace eKpvlfion; that he regarded hit 
ctufe folcly 9t the cauic of the peo]^le, di- 
Tefted- of every perfonal confider^tjon and 
conne^ioo ; that the oppreflion and injuries 
which Mr. Wilkes Kad fiHTered were fuffi- 
cient xm rrxize the lodignatton of every man 
that had one gcteroot^ntiment in hit breaft, 
or the Ifalt fenfe of freedom and regard for 
the conftitution. And that he would affert 
the right of the freeholdert to ihe choice o.f 
their reprefcmjuirei^ by going to give his 
▼oie for Mr -Wiljcet In c^fe of future expul- 
fiont, at long at he (hoaM have a Ihiliing 
left, or one leg to hop down to Brentford, 
' J»hn Sawbridpc, Efqj member for Hithe 
in Kent, feconded thik motion with great 
fp'rit, concludtng with the words of Mr 
Wilkes*! addreft ; ' that if once the miniftry 
f fliail be permitted to fay whom the frce- 
' holders (hall kot chufe, the ne^t ftep 
^ will be to tell them whom they (bajl , 
' chufe.* 

The next day a letter appeared in the pa- 
pers, addrelTed to ]ehn Wilkes, £fq; in 
ihefe words ; 

** Sir. I think you are, without exception, 
^he mon ?n.igmatical compofition, in the 
univerfc j for you *re (according to fomc 
people) fomebody, and yet nobody? You 
«re an honeft man, and yet have noi bonefty 
eiiough to pay yov r debts : you are the pa- 
Cfiot of liberty, and yet want liberty : you 
are a member of parliament, and you are not 
9 member of parliament: yon are an alder- 
man, and you are not an ^Merman : then you 
are an alderman again. You are a bad man 
in private, and a good roan in public : you 
have a great many friends, and a great mnny 
enemies : you area mateiial witncfs, yet no 
witneft ; and, in Ihort, you a e every thing, 
^nd nothing/' 

WrJn'fJay 15. 
Commodore Byron kiilbd the king's hand 
onbeingjppoimed governor and commander 
in chief of Newfoundland. 

TharftUry 16, 
Orders, it U fa id, were this day tranf- 
mhted to the commander in chief in Ame- 
TJca, of a very ferious nature the execution 
whereof wiil ftquire great delicacy and ad- 

This morning came on at Brentford thfe 
e'eflion rf a knight of the (hire for the 
conmy of Middlefex, in the room of John 
Wilkes, Efq; who was lately expelled ; 
when that gentleman was rechofcn without 

Ftt'dty 17. 
Was erefted in the Na^-e of York Cathe 
dral, an enrtre new painted window, not in- 
ifTirr in point of rolotir and execution ro the 
moft admired works of the fame kind in an- 
cient (^nt&utet. 
Was held at Bow church the anoiveifary 

meeting of the fociety for the propagation oi 
the Gofpel in foreign ptrts, at which were 
prefenc the Abp of Canterbury, the bifbopti 
of Norwich, Eaeter, and Oxford, the Lor<iy 
Mayor, aldermen, and iherifit, and mnny jft 
the clergy. The fermoi« written by the Ij^^ 
of Briftol, vfi%, on occafion of his Iprdihip »' 
indifpofitbn, delivered by the Rev. M^ 
Morice, affiftant fecretary to the fociety. 
a^ Mr Wilket wat this day declared incapa* 
ble of being a mernber. 

The repon wat made to hit majeAy of the 
maltfafiort under fentence of death m New- 
gate, when Balfe aud M* Quirk «rere refpited 
till foither enquiry. 

Saturday 18. 
The Hon. — Lynch, Efijj fet out from 
hit houfc u Carrington-ftr^c on an eo^flif 
to the court of Turin. 

Mr Bingley, in a very rtmarkable affidavit 
annexed to the Nonh Briton of thit day, 
tnaket oath, that he never will anfwer to 
int£rroga(ories as long as he lives, unleft be 
fliould be put to the torture. 

A letter of this day's date, (igned Fhili^ 
Thicknefs. fays^ that be6det the four per- 
fons found datii m the parifh of Patchwonh, 
fever«il other people were in a mod, mifera* 
ble fituation ; ar^t one woman has made af- 
fidavii, that her hufband, being long ill, way 
fo fparingly relieved by the partih officers^ 
that he died fome time ago for want of the 
comforts of life, 

Mtnday ao. 
Sir Charles Famaby, Bart, cleftcd knight 
of the (hire fqr Kent, look the oaths ar.d hit 
feat in parliament. 

At the feflions of the peace at Guildhall, 
one of the window -breakers on Mr Wilkes's 
binh-day was tried, and fentencext to pay a 
fine of 5I. to afk pardon in the public papers, 
and to gire fecuriiy for his good behavioifr 
lor two years. ^ 

At a meeting this day at the London ta- 
vern, a fubfcription was fct on ft ot to fup- 
p<jrt the caufe of Mr W ilkes, when the fum 
of 3300 1. was fubfcribed, and a committer 
appointed to carry the fame throughout the, 
kingdom. The preamble luns thus : 
' Whereas John Wilkes, Efq; ha^ fuflered 

* very freatiy in his private fortune, from 
' the feverc aiwl repeated profecutioru he 

* has undergone in b<!half of the public, and 
' a« it feems tcafonablc ro us, that the man 

* who fuflers for the public good, fhouldbc 

* fupported by the public, we, &c. &c," 
An exprefs arrived this day with an ac- 
count 01 the death of his Holmefs the Pope. 

^uejday 21. 
A Letter received this day, takes n< tice 
of a gang of rogues that have lately been 
difcovered in Chelhire, and who have liecn 
a terror to the country. On the 6th of ihrt 
month, they broke into the houfe of farmer 
Lindop, of Foxley, in the dead of the night, 
difguifcd in linnen fliirts and black ftires, 
fired a piAol with intent to murder, and had 
his wife failed of making her efcape out of 

a wiai- 


^^MAnria Older toaUnn the iw^ghhour-' 
kood, k it diou§|hc cWfc huftMiixl would not 
Imre Afcaped irith iifB ; box Llndop larln^ 
■ladi a ftoot reSftf oce. In wluch one of the 
viUtini wti defpencelj wounded, and the 
left'ftaring t difcoverTf they all made oiT 
whlmir any booty. The dUcharge was lb 
Ipwmt from the w oun ded mpn, that be was 
tnccd by the blood, and three of them werie 
bf ilitt mean apprehended. Fire othert 
Are impeached, and the whole gang ffP^^^ 
m be iiftdcjCnen of difeienr profefCoM ^ 
nntL wt ibem had tt^eiable chanden. . 

At a numerooa meeting of the freeholdm 
afMi^lelex,attheaflembly-ropmat Mile 
Sad, James Townftend, ££)} in the chair* 
itviM a^ifaitmanimoidly refolved to fupport 
tbedeaiott of John Wilket, Bfq;— At ihi^ 
■eiiim; Sir F. bcleval pledged hi» honour 
that he • never would omiole Mr WiDcet, 
ebbir in th» eoanQr of Mlddleiex, or elfe- 

flrnfi^ 33. 
oa in the court of Kiog't Bench, 
a caufe ion criminkl cooTeriattODt when after 
a trial of three boon, a veidiA'wat gives 
fivcfceplaintUrwithaoooL damages. , 

A peefcet with difpacrhes wit received at 
Loid Hilfborough'i office from his £xce1 • 
leocy Gov. Wrif^ht, of Georgia, which 
brought an accovnc of the difloLiion of (he 
aflcmblr of that province, on the a4th of 
Dec. oa account of their hiv ng anfwertd in 
a refpcAful manner the letter from (he af- 
lembiy at Bolton. 

SatMrdjy s$. 

The ftf (lions, which begAD on WedncfUay 
at the Old Bailey ended, when thr«re perfam 
were capittlly ronviftcd, twenty two were 
ordered to be tranfp« ned, five to be buint 
in the hand, ten to be privately whipped, and 
twenty to be difcharged by proclamation. 

The eleAion for a knight of the (hire for 
Middlcfex, in the room of Mr Wilkes, wbo 
has been incapacitated, which was fixed fivr 
Ibis day, is pofiponed to the 16th of Match. 

The Roflian fenate'have litely inh'iruted 
a ibiemn feilival and ihankfgiving, and pyb- 
lie rejoicings, to perpetuate the memory of 
the inoculation of the Emprefs and Grand 
Duke, the celebration of which will be every 
year^ oa the 21ft of h?ovcmber. The Em- 
preft has raifed Dr Dimfdale's fon, as well 
9% himfdf, to the dignity of a Baron of the 
Empire ; and alfo lettern of Noblefte to the 
boy from whom the pus was taken to per- 
form the operation. 

The Kin|;'s Bench prifonisat this time fp 
fiill of prifoners^ that they sYe building 
wooden huts between the two fides for their 
accomodation. It is faid that not above 
2SO beds can be had in the inikle, and that 
die number of prifoners exceeds 700. 

The ancient palace of Croydon it foon ro 
^f puj led down, or othepvife di/pofed of. 

with t^ appurceaanees theretmto beToogii^y - 
in order to enable tb«coaunifictocn appoint'- 
ed lor that porpo^JB/oi bMikl a aev palace hi 
the country refidence of the Abpt ol Caoier* 
boiy. on a more healthy fpot. 
, Stnifs ^iwttdfir tke rur ¥769. r 
Be' kihire, Jpha CooK, of Frillbam, EJb; ' 
Bedfordft. Wm Farrrer, of Kempltoo, JUS^ 
Buctringhamfli. John Lane, of Taplow, Efq 
CambeVland, John Robiniba, of. Walt« 

' Millqck,£iqi 
Cheihire, Philip SgeitoD, of Owtoa. Eib; 
Camb*and Hunt'Ja. Collier, of March, Elqi 
Cornwall, John Blewett, of Manzion,£% 
DevonOi. Tho. Noi dimore, of Cleave. Elbi 
Dorfctfli. Wm Thorpe Holder, of Laqg^ 

luing Blanfoid; Elq; 
Deib>'(h. Br«hazon Hallow#,of Glapwell. 
Efftx, Daniel Matthews, of Felix -hail, £&{ 
Glouoe^erlh. WmSiag]eton«of Notton,£fq; 
Herts, Jer. Rayment Hadflcy,ofBarkway. 
Herefb^dih Wm Noqrle, of Weftoo under 

Per^ard, Eiq; 
Kent, Wm Wheatley, of Eridi, Efq; 
Leioefterih. SirCba. Halfopi, of Willow. 
Liocolpihire, John Hcpkbiba, of Burton 

Monmouthfli. Geo. t>uberley,of Dingeftov. 
N'^rthumberland,. Michael Pferfgn, Eiq; of 

E. Matfio, 
Korthamptonfli. TKo. Langton, of Teetcn. 
Norfolk, E^lm. Rolfe^jun. of Hitcham^ Efq. 
Noctiaghamfli. Rob. FoAer of J^ewaik.Ef.j; 
RutUiKifli. ^m. S fmcv ,of Lidddington.PUq 
Shiopfh. John 0»^ en, of WoodhooTe, Klq; ' 
^omcrfalh. Wm Rodbard, pf Evercreech: 
Staffordfli. Clem. Kynnerfly,of Loxley-hall! * 
Sufiblk, Hutchinibn Mure^ Efq; of Great 

Southampton, Tho. Prior, of Kiogfclcre, Ef. 
Surry, John Thornton, of dlaphaai, Efqj 
.Suflbx, Jn Laker, of W iiborough-Green, Ef. 
WarA'ickfh. GtJO. Lucy, of Cbarlcot, Efq;* 
Wo'cefteifh. K. Knight, jun. of Wolvcrley 
Wiiifli. Wm Taik.of New Samm, Efq; 
Yorkih. .^ir Ja. Ibbcdbn, of Leeds, ban. 

Brecon, Thoma* Powell, of Kywcll, Efq; 
Caerraarthen, Loonaid Bilfon Gwyn of 

Gwempa, Efq; 
Cardigan, John Hughes, of Tyonawr, Efq: 
Glamorgan, Tho. Wstthews,of Llandafr,Ef 
Pembroke, Tho. Skyrme, of Vaynor, Efqj 
Radnor, James Watkins, of Colva, Efo; 

Anglcfey,Wm Smith, of Drainiog, Efq; 
Caernarvon, Robert Godolphin Owen, of 

Clcnenney, Efq; 
Denbigh, Rob. Wynne, of Garth^win, Efq- 
Flint, Thomas Grilhth, of Rhual, Efq; 
Merioneth, Rice James, of DolygeJynan*Ef. 
Montpomery, Henry Wynne of Doltanhini 

Lift of Births for the Year i;69. 
T Ady of Sir Gcocge Bridges Rodney^ 
1 ^ a daughter. 

JUdy of Thomas Wilkbfoik ol 'DmxVata 
— of I fon* 

no Lifts of Biribs MarriageSy 0nd DeaSbs, 

Lift of Marriigts fyt the Year 1769, 

WM Mamf, Efq; of Ireland— co 
Mift CtLh. HamilcoB, a daushcer 
cf Lord vife^iinc Boyne. 

Geo. Totvnfliend Goodenougfa^ £iq$ of 
the Treafury— to Miis Career. 

Arthur Athcrley,. ££9; of Haiitt<*to 
Miis Carter's joungeft fifter.^ 

Tho. Ficzhugh, £fq| to Mift Lloyd with 
J 0,000 1. 

Jan. 23. Dr Tho« FotharglH, provoft of 
Qtjjeen'fyOxford-^o MiisMtingfley, niece 
to the late £, of Hardwicke. 

26. Tho. Bury, of Abberley, £lq; flie- 
riff of Worcefterlhire— to Miij €«cUia 
Maria Newport of Hanley court. 

John Butler, Efq; of IreUnd— to Ladj 
Anne Waodetfoid, daughter of Earl Wan- 

30. lienry Thompfbn, Efq; of Kirby* 
Hall, Yorklk.— to Mifs Spence of Ipfwich. 
. 31. Re?. MrGeo. Ljnch, V. of Lymp- 
pe, Kent—to Mrs Smith, reiid of Wm 
Smith, £iq. 

Feb. 1. Walter Rawtinfon, E(q;— to 
Mils Ladhroke, ad daughter of SirRoben. 

3. Come: Aytwon— CO Mrt Barbara Myn- 
fliall, of Chorlton Hall, near MancheAer, 

7. John Wood, Efq; of Hampftead— to 
Mid Folly Wilcfliire of Coleman- ft reet. 

ReT. Mr Upton— to Mift Molly Allen 
of Su>w on the Wokl. 

Wm Bikby, Efq; of Bury HiU-to Miia 

Barber of Greailey, Nottinghamihire. 

. Rev. Mr Fofter— to Miit Baiket of 

Dowiby in Lincoln(hire. 

, 9. Charlftt Jenkinlbn Efq;— to Mi(a 

Wattt, eldeft daughter of the late gov. Watts. 

Capr, Sharpe, of the 3d reg. of guards— 
to Mifs Pykcrell of Bury. 

Charles Hill, Efq;— to Miis EUz. Nor- 
ris of Newington Butts. 
■ II. Nicholas Lutyeni, merch.— to Mifs 
Molly Mefman of Spital-fpaare. 

Rev. Mr Hupiman,of Cranlbrd, Middx 
—to Mifs JLambe of Northamptonfhbe. 

14. Mr Readfliaw, of Hamnftead^to 
Mifs Molloy of Great Portland -ftrect. 

Rev. Mr Salter— to Mils Jenny Ram of 

Francis Besl,Efq;— to Mifs Polly Spack- 
man of Nonh Aodlcy ftieet. 

Andrew Scephcni,Efq; of Radnorihire— 
to Mifs Sally Gilebume of Stroud. 

16. Peter Delme, Efqj—to Lady Caro- 
line Howard,^fifkerioEarlCarlille. 

18. Henry Hopegood, Efq; of Great 
James-ftrect;-to Mifi Elir. Homer 

Patrick Collins, Efq;— to Mifs Windfbr 
of Pall-Mall. 

19. Jamei Uflier, Efq; of Upper Brook- 
ftreet— to Mifs Eliz. Leadbeater. 

2c. Rev. Mr Blake— to Mils Place of 


21. John Stapp, Efq; of Panton-ftreet-^ 

to Mif» Wihnot. 

23. Rev. Mr Taylor of Bifrom, Kent— 
fo M'lfi Taylor of llledon. 

Capt Boynton^to Mils Ellz. Burtoi of 
New Ormood-ftieet, 

25. Tho. Froft, Efq; heir to Abp of Can- 
terbury— to Mifs Coates. 

Lift of Deaths for the Year 1769. 

THE Margrave of Bareith. He it 
fucceeded by the Margrave of Aiw 

Mr Tomllnfon, one of the cathiers of 
^-the Bank. 

.j^Mrs Moore, grandmother to the Ordina- 
ry of Newgate, aged 107, in Yorkihire. 

' Hon. Charles Darcey, captain in the 
French fervicc. 

Col. Butler, at Barcelona, formerly in the 
Imperial fervice. 

Tho. Fortelcue, £f<H in Ireland. He 
married a fifter to the £. of Clan^ralHl. 

Maximilian de Herrart, knight of the 
holy Roman empire at Chelfea. 

Wm Richardfon, Elq; at Nonwkh ia 

Capt. Douglas, brother to gen. Doog;Iat. 

Wm Thomas, Efq; m St Catbcrine't. 

Wm Henry Burtang, Elq; on hb travels. 

Hon. Mr Lucy Hobart, nearly rehted to 
the E. of Buckinghamftiire. 

MrsCorterei, fifter to the late Sir Cle- 
ment. ii» 

John Wcftley, mayor ofXeicefter. 

Farrard, Efq; inSouthimpton buildings 

Edw. Mountenay, Efq; brother to the late 
Baron Mountenay in Ireland. 

Jan. a6. Hugh Cholmondeley, Efq; in 

Mr John White, whofc father printed at 
York the prince of Orange's Manifefto, af- 
ter it had been refufcd by all the printers in 
London, and was made king's printer «or 
York and five counties. 

Hcnrv Dampicr, Efq; brother to Do^lor 
Dampicr, prcbei.d of Canterbury. 

27. Alderman Rutter of Windfor. 
Samuel Dixon, known fur his excellent 

exhibition of paiiuing, £cc. 

John RandaU, Efqj, late of his majcfty'a 
horfe guards. 

28. Thomas Hay, Efq; fecrctary of the 
iilaod of Jamaica, 

29. Tho. Newmin,Efq; in Soothwark. 
Wm Roberts, Efq; at Haiup ♦ead. 

Feb. I. R ice Price, Efq; South Audlcy-ft-» 

Ephraim Underwood, Efq; in Titchfield 

2. Andrew Drummond, Efq; banker at 
Charing -Crofs. 

Tho. Baftan, Efq; on Eping Forcft. 

In Hum, late merchant inl^adenhall-ft. 
lis Hulincfs the Pope, agtd 76. He 
was born at Venice, made cardinal in 1 737, 
and Pomiffin 1758. 

ohn HcnUey, of Panteagnc, Pemhrokcfli. 
' araci Cantrell, Efq; at Marybone. 
y ' ofeph Gale, aged 1 19, in Ireland. 

John Poumies, Efq; in Bokon ftrcet^ 
May Fair. 
y^ Mrs Cath. MoUey^aged 11 a, in Irelapd. 


U^ if Deaths J Prefemmn^ Bankrupt s^ C^c. 1 1 x 

BH%et Toole, tsed los, in Dubkb. ^ 

3. Ltdy Dowager UtchfeMy mocher of 
K pfefenc Earl. 

4. Hoo. Hugh Stuarty node to Lord 
BbotTfCy in Ireland. 

J. Ladr Tyiawley at Somerfet-Hoefe. 

Wm Harr'tfon, ^; of Worcefterftire. 

i. Geo. Widely, Ef<|5 at Greenwich. 
■ mev. Mr Davenport, V. of Si NichoUf 
ULiioefter / ^ 

t. Tho. Rawfton, fi^; m Jame»-ih«et. 

Mbn Ambrofe , £%; in Brucon ftxee;. 

Tbo. Brown, £iqj in Spicdefieldt. 
. Rob. Ram(den, Efq; brother to Sir John. 

9« PackbgioB Harvie, £iq} in | Great 

Pec Marfton, in Stratton gronnda, Weft- 
MiDfter, the oldeft ' palace-covirt officer, 
imth 30,000 1. 

, jofeph Walcelb E(q; near Roehampto*. 
f^lames Caiflet, aged 104, at Hampton. 

John Paterfon, Efiy of Kirkion in Scotl. 

'. to. Richard Neville, Efo}in Park-ftreeu 
4 nio.Hunt,Eiq,ofWoodlfordHall,Eirtt. 
Lady of Sir Joho Glyime in F^ntfhiie. 
jx. Sir FrAxcis Clarke, bart. at Finchley. 

I oho Fiiher, £fq> at Greenwich. 
ieT..Dr Jof. Guibert, R. oi Cattcrham, 

12. Tbo. Fletcher, E(q; of GrafvcnoT-fq. 

13. The Countefs Dowager of Pem- 
kroke^ mother of the prefeot Earl. 

Morris Jones, ECq; on Epping Foreft. 
Lady Anne Paddcy, fitter to the duke of 

14. Mich. Harding, Efq; near Bitterfea. 

1 5. John BeUcllon, Efqi in Hill-ftrcet, 
, Geo. Hindmarih, Efq; at Ma^bone. 

' Mr Bogg, fenior-pro^or in the Commons, 
lonathon Gardiner at Bellfize houfe. 
Tho. Williams, Efqj in Surry-ftreet. 
Rer. Mr Da vies, archdeacon of Derby. 

17. Jofeph Jecumb, Eiqj in David ftrcet. 
Alderman Nichols, poft-mafter of Gtou- 


18. John Grove, Efq; near Shaftibury, \ 

19. Lady Dowager Batemau, mother to 
dhe piefenc vifcount. 

20. Wm Robertfon, Efq$ at Richmond. 
Rev. Mr Patrick Gordon, minifter of 

Belly in Scotland, m Portlaod-ftreec. 

2 1 . Geo. Gregory, Efq; in ChefteriieldftK 

John Archer Stirfli , Efq; near Shrewlbuiy. 
a. Peacock, Efq; of Betterton, Surry. 
<^eph Pahner, on Epping Forreft. 

22. Vioi Mount, Eiq; at Clapham, emi- 
nent in works of charity. 

23. James Hadtey,£fq;mMprtimer-ftr. 
Goo. Hughes, Efq; of James's -ftreet. 
Coulibn I^llowes, Efq: of James ftreet, 

Bedford row. 
'25- Countels Dowager of Litchfield. 

Eccleiiaftical Prefermeats. 

RBV. Dr Reeve Banard, to St pride's, 
V. London ; with Scoke l^tttbemon, 
R. Surry. 

R«v. John Naim^to Kii^giloo, R. Xenc. 
, Pr ShipJej, biAop ele€t of LUodti^ 

te deaary of Winchefter, the R. of Chit- 
bokon. Hants, of Bedives, Moomouchib* 
ihi chapel of Roddcy, Giamorginiure • 
•od die R. of Sheiborn, Sr John, Haou^ 
fqr cdmmendam. 

R«v. Geo. Tymmt^to Corteftnook, with 
RiHefton, R. R. by difpeafiuion. 

Rev. Wm Roper— to Worllp, V. Wiki. 

Rev, Dr Dickens— to the prebend oF 
Wolverhampton, StaltbrdOiire. 

Rev. J^ Image— to Eton R. Northaflip- 
coqA. widi St Jdbn Baptift, Peterboro* by 

Rev. Philip Blils'— to poddingtoo^.Rr 

Rev; Mr Heoxy &ce— to North Flia- 
bridge, R. El&z. 

RiBv. Henry Courtenayr-to Spellbiiiy, V* 
QkfordHi. with Sappefton Gloucefterft. 

Rev. Mr Jauncey— to Shelley. R. vta 
Ref . Mr Tkebeck— to Gretehitbe, L. 

Civil Pfomoiioos. 
, Su* Fletcher Norton is ^ppomted Chief 
JoAlce in Eyre, with a diary of 3000!. per 
yaar.— Thb offlce has long lain dormant, 
tad it now revived on account of eztraoidi- 
nary fervicea. 

Dr Knox iod Dr Pepys are elcded phy- 
flcitni of die Middlefex hofpUal. 

B KR— TS. 

Wm Hardiman, of St Mary Ic Bone, dealer. 
Benj. Hanifon, of Friday fir. Tobacconift. 
Wm Cooper, of St John Wapping,Slopfeller. 
Nat. Allway Beadles, ol Woodcbefter, 

Tho. Gilban, of London, merchant. 
Chrift. Elliot, of Methley, Mariner. 
Matth.Terry of Bucklerfbury^Warehoufem. 
Sam. Cook, of Seaford^ Grocer. 
Matthew Coates, of St Paul Shad well, 

Bifcuu baker. 
Cornelius Moon, of Lefteard, Yarn jobber. 
ThOkChaiiton, of Rochdale, Shopkeeper, 
^ich. Leeming, of St Edmund the king, 

Raphael Way tin, Camaby market, Matcrafa 

maker. . . 

Jtcob Roberts, of London, FaQor. 
John Rilbrough and Tho. Rifbrou^ of Hox- 
. ton, Bricklayerf . 
, H^ary ElHa, of Holbom, Winermerchant. 
WmBrocUeburft, of Maacktiield, Buitoa 
^ i4ifrrcliailt. 

Geo. Samn a ft , of Patttfwick, E4ex, Miller. 
Jamea Benoatine, of Birmingham, Dealer, 
£dw. Newton, of Leominfter, Taylor, 
tames Fortune of Eaft-Smithiield, Taylor. 
Wm BOMHCO, of Soodand Yard, Dealer. 

{oho Clapp^of Dockbead, Mariner, 
ofeph Hanbury of Xadderminfter, Stuff- 

Wm Tbooapfon, of Wsrwiek^ eoun, Por^ 
trait ptimr. 

Jofeph Paifb,of'Sud Taveifh fields, Rope- 
maker. .. 

Jc^-Marldiam, and WnrBnohiaiaof Loth- 

Richard Stogdttki o! Lkcdm TAx^t] \ji»ft^ 




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The Gentleman's Magazine: 

For MARCH, 1769. 


Raouckible conrefl bcLween [ha King tnd 1*1 

liameni, on ihc clEAion uf a papulai caiij 

diiefc)iBucfclDghuDlhire,in 1604. iiS'6 ■) 

Ohj<aiau to ihe TuiflKaaaa of the OOfe 

B«]itifin, In the februirr Migtiinc 


Etypt compared 

. ■^uibendcJl]' ofjo&phui qua- 

QiiHied * 111 J 

—The £ihle of Hcrcitlci founded on ihc Siii)' 

uf Simpfini 114 

— jc ?jul lod Menedemui ilje pl|l!oli>|>h(r uf 

[be lameoccuptiion li. 

■ A&niq of thcGeiman !i ndPeiAin 1 lacuiget -t. 

.Adiaint^fpeeieiorHuifeidcrciLM ,'i, 

'{uJii'iGiiIuidibriheD.ofMoBiiuKer ]::[ 

'The fiury of JulUof ADRCimei lA. , 

-A faoli in Vii^l painctd 3u< ib. 

M)fi)>eDitliiu>afTOfHcfrchiu) „ i'i6 

Difitviry o/'a Boikprimid in 1431. V i/>, 

-^Cnnjcfiutei ahoi^i ihc eirly dale of it )&, 

A monfirouiEirainphaliii defciibcd 12-, 

InlercBiCB coaverfauoniathe King'i bench ti. 

— Severe TCmarki an the puhlicaiion uf ii hb! 

Gritancrl itKnlwgriiJtie!/iBMaaiiJ'a3ory 1 H)-io 

MiSne DecadeiofEiij'iHift, how loA 131 

Oatrmtr/zilSidj^aifrim lb Psiftri 131-345 
KiMfon. fo, par,l>„>i1:y M'CMiTk .3^ 

Q^t.iei lodTi^lTcd lu il>e cauii>-f exanuDen Ij; 
— Aufwered by an ananymiuv wi'ttr i)B 

Inhunttnii]' of ch£ ;rr for blond ijci 

Pinofafpceehp^eiiuuitoiheKr. letielliun 140 
Renewal of an old pailJamentiiT fnyet ib, 
Mcteuiijlugicil Jiurnal of iheWeaiher 141 
Rilei of thuCtiu'chof Eni;'ind oiplainrd Ift-j 
A nav tnethodui' ^nltmfiini; Siin diili 

« of B< 


u.f. Nil. Hift.>, 

(ifGuUna Hi-6-7 e-9 

— ljii(;honie'> Confujiiion! uf Hum.iii I.ifc I'jo 
— Obtrvatisna on TtrHi.aiif'ibtSiiiss iji j 
— M. Oe 1. Urde', Ii.:.t.*x 10 Lily ' 14. 
CjiiliaefBnlLifTiBDKtmiiTfibt. "SS"* ','« 

?oiTav,— Lov^ Son;;— t"roloi;«<:luZ»ri,jin 
i:i cEliibiti n in Iicluui i.y pciCiu uf r<ak ijq 

— An EJcgy — Fwlopuii jod Epili^ue 10 (ba Fa- 
Til UifeoT^ry i«o 

HiiTJRicut CimoMicLf.— Thegieat 
D'Mi^lii Caufp detrriiiii e.l— Initiuflioni (o the 
MemlwTi for the Bg[»ii;'h— OppHftinn 10 the 
Merchami Addrafi — Mr Fuoi") AtipeiJ to 'ki 
Public - Sit J, Mlwb-y'i Vindicjtion, *:, Si. 

By S r L F J N U 

U R $ Jl N. pey; 

LONOON, Piiptcd fct D- HtNKT,,br .J.'I.itTiiL, « St. luhtL'} Gaic; a 
F. Ne»«ii.v, at ibt Cwnei qt &.' ?^Vt t^ui^':; »&. 




?i1 Hi z 

H •-= . 

5i-= « * ; 

<r a^_^__^ — _^J^y_ — Z?^ — '■ 

■<,St f - ■ I ^ ^ T T „- 

^J» Sr gS III ?r 
" 5. — ^^— — ^^ — ^ 


~ — ^ ^5 «^^ ^^^ _^ — 


The Gentkmarfs, Mas^azmei 

MARCH, 1769. 


Kemirkiihle con'efl between <hg King ind ?ir- 

liimeot, an ihu elenioa uf 1 popvlir c^i^i- 

d>[tf(iiBuckinehuiiaiite,ini6o4. ili 6 j'-i 

Ohjediaiu to Ihe ExplnMUaD of the Ofice of 

Btplifin, in lite Pebruiry Migtiioc 1 19 

Menioritl ,^chaR)»]£xpuUionDftficJcluki ii, 

MadEr«7i«nllen into Etypt compared ill 

HuiTiAMA,— ^uibemiciif of Joie[digi qua- 

— The bMe of Hcrculei founded on liic St irj 

of Simpiba 114 

—St Paul and Menedemm il)e pt)i!olbphcr ui 

tbe timeoccupition ib. 

— Adifiini) fpcciei of Hurfei (krcrlbi^ ib. 
— Jujia'i Giiland, bfEfae D.of Montaiitci i*; 
—The fluri of JuJii of AnBe"De' '*■ 

—A fauli in Viq-il pojnied out ib. 

— OfiheDiaiuqarjofllEfjxrhius „ 1*16 
DijcCvcry tfa Baik priniid in 1401. V if-, 
— Conieduret about the etrlr dile i>f ft i*. 
A owntroui ElOifiphtl'H dcfciihed iz-, 

Inieic&iiiE cAqverfaiioniniheKing'i'bench li. 

■Settn rcm«k> on the publication uf ii tag 

MB itncK VariftF t&Rii mpVoptif tlldliuD Mb 9t(ci> 

Cc'.:rna/.ilSidjta:frim lie ?ipert iJS-J-tJ 

— Aiirweied by an anjryir. iv. wr'tcr i]S 

telleriohii Grate of '""•'oiiiliiifubj^B'i. 
Inhumaniij' orthecrf for blood ijg 

PirtaiftrpeechpietiuuttathBgr.iebcIIiua 140 
Renaval of an old pari iamenury pH.fet lb, 
Mcieurjlosic^i Jjumal of the \VcaiIier 141 
A nsw iiiethodo.''^nllrii:iini; Siin dull ' 144 
•" -Binc,o;V» NjI. Hiftoi 

Miffing Decadei of £iir>'> 

if Guii 


7 e-s 

ir MeCiod 

I.iiiglinTne'iConr<j|iti-Hiiiif rlam^n l.ifj i'5< 

— Obfjrrati.iM oil !!<■ St.iU '.fthi Sjiiea 1 ji- 3 

— M. Oelil.tnJe'iT.r.inryioI.alj ' 14 

Caul i/,r af BKkifnui firreaba i-lbt. M^-it ;'l 

VjtTav. — Lori: Synj; — l'ro!oj;iietuZjii,un 

i:iexhibili n in In:h.u] by part ni nf rjqk 119 

— An Elegy — PpiioEue inA Epilogue lolbe f 11- 

«! Difcni'..'iy 1^ 


Dwplii Caufe delt'r:iiu ei— laitiuaiom 10 die 

MembeR fnritie Boniufh— i.'ppi-fition v> tbe 

Merchanii Aildrvfi — Mr Fuoc'i Afipral to ijic 

Vuhlic -Sif J.Mawb.r'iV:n:JkJtLon, Scc.Icc. 

icefi i and > curioiii Copjier Pt^te, cicplaintag 

mftiiiiling SUN-DlALS. 

^y S r t V J N V S V R P J N. fjcr*. 

LONDON, Pf'ipttd fbi D. IIiKi.T,,br .]. Liit . 

F. NitwjtiT, (I tlia Cumei otSt.' VUfV'a C^1 

, *[ St. John') Gate; 







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The Gentleman's Magazine i 

I pi VI ch 









For MARCH, 1769. 

ttsniiKltiaatitiUt mun ffarift; tban anp Vott af tDt llbD anb t^tu 

Ram([kiiblecon-e& between the King and Hi 
[be cleAioa of 1 jwpi 

d*iefbiBiickiughunlhirE,in ifK94. iij-b li 
Ohjceioot lo the KipliDiiion of iheOfice of 

B^pcifin, in the Pebruiry Migiiine 1 19 
Menjorial ^t the total EnpuUionof ihcjeruin ib. 
Modcre^ifivUcn inco Etjptcampticil lai 
JKbitiama.— ^uthencicii]' of Jofephui qua- 

aioned * 111 3 

—The &Me of Hcrcvlei (ounded oti ihc StJir 

of Saiupiba tz^ 

—St Paul *gd Mencdmiu ibe ph;!o(up!ier vi 

ibE iuae occupirion lb. 

— Affinity of ibcGei^an and Perliaalineiu^ei'^. 
— A^iflintl rpoctei of Hurfet dcfcrtbcd ib. 
— IuIia'iGirlind,birthcD.ofMontiuGc( i-{ 
— The lurjof Julia of Acifiennei (i. ' 

—A fiulc in Virgil pnjncid out ii. , 

— Of the Dlttiuoarj of HcO'dhiua ^ I'ti 
Dificvirf if a BtJt frinirii in 1401. V i/-, ' 
•^nnjcdutei shout ibe eaily date ol it ii, 
AannfrouiKiadiphatot dercribed 1^7 

Rlnten^iBG c&kTerTatktniiitheKing'i'bench 16. 
— SaMte mnjirki on the puUicaiion ofii 118 
MiOlne DecadeicifLIrj'iMiA. bow loft iji 

Ci:;T7virf.ilSklJtS:fi',m tht Paftri l3:-3-4J 
H.Ml-,,,. fo, p-rd„„i„i;M'CM!Tk .J* 

(Jiii-.iei aadttffcd tiiihecouin-feMminera ty, 
— Xufiiered by an anonym it* witter 1 jg 

I*[tertohii Grace of •"•'*•' on thitliilgaa'i. 
Inhumanij] of the f^rf for blood ijri 

PinolFafpi^ehpiciuJuttothegr. lelcllW 140 
Renenalof an old patliameniarf pi-iyer it, 
Meteor^ilogie^l Jiurnalof the\Vci(her 141 
RiiM oFihuCI'u-cbof Enfi'utd espli!i*-ed 141-j 
A nowiiieih(idu;ct;nllTii:iin|;Siin diili 144 
Riuitw oTBaobii.— Eanciurt'i Njt. Hifliry 
ofGuUna '4I'*-7 '■'* 

— l^iiShome'tCoofjlitioniurrruin.mLifj 150 
■ObforvJtioni on Tin tfiii Sjiitc iji-j 
-M. ^e U Ltrde'* Ji>i.rney irt I »!)■ ' 1.4. 

VdiTi V. — L.><r>: Son;;— tTologiie ii> Zaii, ^ 
titeiihibiii D inlrcliiulir pciCni ofriiQk m 
^AnElcg)'— FpiIoeui! ondEjiilogue tothdFk- 
Tal bilcercis ifo 

HikTJKicAL CimoMicLi. — TLegteat 
Dw^lai Caufp detcciii. e.l— Initiuajois 10 the 
Membrt* (or the Borouf.h— Dppiifitlon M ibc 
Merchami Addrefi — Mr Fooi'i AJipeai to 'he 
Public - Sit J. Mawb^j-a Vindicition, Sec, $c. 

With Eigbt additional Paget of Letter-prcft ; and a curiout Copjwr Pl.iie, explaining 
.._» ._ TievT Meiitxt of conftriiftJng Svn-Dials. 

Mr Fiat 

B7 s r t r A N U 

V R ? A N, per.;. 

LONQON, Piipicd fat D. IlENKT,.br J. Liitik, « Si.I.ihn'i 

F. NtvtiK.y, *> ibc Cwnei of &• V*>^VL C;^^':i'u^> 

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The Oentlemaris Magazine: 

For MARCH, 1769. 

JisntattuutitttnBflnuK Saritt; tbananp Vopliirtltt Abb ant tfcftt* 

Ronirlublc coD'Cll be[»eeii the King tnd far- 
liincni, an [he eleAioo of 1 [wpglar c»i.di- 
d«iebrBuckliiglt>mlhirE,in i6i34. 115 6 }-( 

Ohjddioiu ID ihe £ip]iDiiian of the Ufire of 
Btpcifm, in the Februir]r MigiEine 1 19 
cn)Ori*l far [he loiil EnpulfioDof ihc]eful» ib. 
loden f^rfvicUcn inlQ Etypt compared 111 
uiT}AiiA.— ^ulbendciiy of Jafephut qu*- 

—The £itile of Hciciilei (buodeil on [Lc Sii^ry 
□f SliDpiba '' 114 

>JL Paul iDcI Menedeiniii (be phi!cf»pher vi 
ihc laoie occupation lb. 


■]ii]ia'i Garland, by iheD. of MoniauGer 11% 

-The flury of Julia of AoKCiiDei li. , 

—A fiuk in Virgil pnjaicd out lb, . 

-K>f ihe Diltiuaary of Hcfychiui _ 1*16 

DifieviTj ^d Bttt priwd la t^o I. V j/-. ' 

■^Cnnjcdurn about the early dace ot ft ib. 

A BionAnnit Sitadiphiloi defcrihed 11; 

lueicfting coarerfauoaiiiiheXing'i-bcnch ib. 

•—Sevan remarkl onihe puUicaiion uf ii na 

MiOlnE Decadei of Lirj\ HiA. how Ic 

l{...Wforp.T,'Ci.l.k , 13ft 

qua.ietaddrelTcdHiihe touHi'fea.i!nlHBt» 137 
— Aufwered by an aoaryir. 11:1 wriicr rjS 

I*«ertohliGticeof' """miihiifulijjft't. 
Inhumanity of ihe cry fi:t blond 131) 

Panoi^ fpeech pKuuui toihe gr. tebcllioa 140 
RcMval of in uld pari I am end ly fnyet ib. 
Muteurjlosicl J)u<nai of ihc ^Vl<aIhe^ 141 
Riict nfihuCliu'ch.'if CnK'ind nxiilainrd 14*-} 
A new me<hod u.'^-iillru:iiiiK Siin dUli 144 
RiviawofBooKt.— EancfolViNjI. Hlnorj 
of Guiana I4J-6-; «-, 

— l.aneboTnE'iConfuUiIOniuf ijd 
— ObfciYMinna on ni Suit cflii Sjiisa iji-j 
— M. Oel.iLirclB'i Tii-.tnfytiil.aly ' 14. 
Ca.iliiic<fBKlufTia'j:rrtaiiri-i6t. 155-6 ff 
PiiETa V . — L<iT^ Sdni; — l'ra]0);ui: in 7.iii,ua 
CEhilKCi u in Iidiiul liv perC ni of rjQk 119 
An Eli^' — Fiu)of.uit iad Epilogue 10 the Fii- 
»ll Difcov..Ty 160 

Diuf^lai Caufe di 


ihrti Sir ihe Botuu'h — Oppnfttion to the 
Merchanti Addcefi — Mr Foot'l At>peal 10 'Jic 
PlMIc - Sir J. M)wb::r'tVindica[i^, &:, Sc. 
With f4gl]t wUiunnal Pa^ of Letter-picrt ; and a curiom Copper Pl.ite, cKptainine 
MrPiBGuiON's new Me^od of coaSruaing Sun-Dials. 

By S r L r J N U 

V R 9 jl N, pre;. 

LONDON, Piitnul fct D. HiNKV,.by ]. Liitkil, « Si. lobnli Gate^ and sTldtki . 
F. Hiiw»i»«, at the Comet qlSi; ti^vl C^iSttSw^. ^ 

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The Gentfeman's Mas^azine : 

For MARCH, 1769. 

Man tn Ouutitf anS matK 0ariftp than anp 9Mh af tbr Ainb anb Vrin* 


RcrucIuiUe conceit bciwi 

liifflEiU, an ibc eJeftia . . 

daicfbiBuckInehaiDlhtrE,ini6o4. iij b I'S 
Ohjefilotu 10 the £ipliDiiioii of the Ufice af 

B«piifin, in the Fcbiuir; Migitina 1 19 
Mei^ifl farthcioiilEnpulfioDofthcJcruki it. 
MoienyUvtOtn'atto Eeypi con piled 111 
HuiTiAHA.— ^ibendciiy otjoiefkat qua- 

aioned * * 121 J 

—The fihle of Htrtvlft f9Ui)iied on the SX'jij ' 

of Sampfbn 114 

—Si p2ul iDd Mmedemitt tl)e phllofuphti ur 

[he lame occupition li. 

— A&nit;ortl>eGeimaninclPeTriaaUi^iuee['i. 
— Adiflini^ fpeciei orHudei ilircribed 16. 
— Jujii't Girlind, bj ihe D. of MunttuBei 1 2 j 
— The BoTY of Juliiof AiiBCiinet ii, 

— A bull tn Vicgil pnjnied out Ii, 

— Of ifae Ditiiui)arj of Hefychiui „ 116 
DifievcrjefiiBfikpriititdi'm'ai. V i*. 
••^on^eduret ahuLt the eicly dite of it }i. 
A man^uui Eiointihiloi dercribei) 1,27 

Inteidliiig coDverTauon imhe King'i'bEncK lA. 
—Severe rcmiikl oni)ie puUicitian ufii rij 
GrifnaiWfd:iitiitl¥»tIlinMatm{aiieri 1 ig-ja 
MiflagDecidetofLiry'iTiifl. how loft iji 
With Eigl)t additional Paget of Letier-pcefi 


' CnrmtTtMSiijcaifnm lit Pifirl ll:-3-4( 

K.--r..n.'fo( p-r,! rji M-Q^i-k 13ft 

Q;iL-.:e»»(idn;ircdiuiliecouiU'feM!nii»ert 13J 

I — Aiifwered liyio iiuryiii >uv wii'cr ijg 

I^rterro hit Grace of •"•"•'' oiiihia futjifl 1*. 
Inhumaa'uy oE the :ry fcr blond 131) 

Pino'ftfpeechpietiuu^todieec.iebeHlon 140 
Renewil of an old puliimeiiwty p»}'er ib. 
Meteurolosic'.l Jjuinal of iheWeaihec 141 
Rilei DF(liuCl'U!e<iiif Cog^ind ei|i!iined l^^t-j 
A nawmeihudM.'^nltni^tin^Sun dutt 144 
Ri'jiiwuJ'BaoKi.— Biiiciu;'c'i NiE. Hinacy 
'if Gul«« MS***" '"» 

— l.jnghome'tContUii'Miiof HusijnLiflj 150 
— Obrcrvaiinnaonfit.MMf (TlfaWa/ira iji-3 
— M. Oe U I-trdtf-. Jicinrx t« I ily 
Caul i/K of inhf'tn Titnmiir iibt. i{ 

PdiTaV. — Lur.;Sons— tTolDgneiol 
i:texhib:U n in Irehdd \if |<eit ni of r^qk n-) 

— An Elegy — KruloEuii iiul E|iilugue co^ Fk- 
Jal DUcovi:!)' 1^ 

HiiTJurCAL ClIKOKicLi!. — ThegrcaC 
Dou);!]! Cnufp delrr:iiii eJ— Initiuaiont [O the 
Membelt for tbe Borouf.h— ()pp.>fiiipn 10 the 
Merchimi Addicfi-Mt Koot'l Atipeal to 'hs. 
Public - Sir J. Minb^j". ViodjCiiior, fcc.ftc. 

McAiodor coDdriiaing SuH-DiA 


By S r L F A K U 

U R S jl N, pwv. 

[iNKf ,.bT ]. LilTi.lL, al Sl. luhn't Gall 
II ibc Cvmei o( S^^ Vi^Vk Ci^ieu^u^. 

— ..ui'iit,':..\...- 


||?il?? IPI. 5 i^ 


t-oooSj sj;; = | i|2!|a miri I 

„2 8 8,4 

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«||ts sa ?,5 5 1 

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siti . . 1 


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«|iMlil|^##| U 1 


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,<!' & 35 i?l -? 



III 1 ifi.ipf. 

fifiiiM^ m^m^ 

D.,. i- ■ "*'*<^~' -S : J:?*!™ « ?5 = s ri:^ s? 


The Genf/emarfs Mas^azinei 

For MARCH, 1769. 


Jim tn OuantitffMtt manr VarifCf t^nii anp Vepft of At AiuO anb Viicu 

Semirlublecon'efl betwecnihc King ■ndl'iT- 
liimcDt, an ihc clcftionaF ■ popular oi^'- 
lUte for Buckiiieliimditie, in 1604. 11 j'6 7-t 

CXijcdiotu ID ihc £ipliaiiiaii of the Ofirc of 
B*i»ifin, in the Febnurj MiE»ine 1 19 

MeD)a(UlbriheiolalEi[|KilfioDcrrihi:Jefuki li. 

MailET>7''*mUc(> inio Ecypc compircd 111 

IT KA^-^BitrtnLciiy of Jolepliui qua- 

— jt Paul ■Dd Meoedemut tlge phitofopher ui 

rbc bme occupiiion /i. 


— Atliaind fpeciei of HorTci i1ercMbf»l ib. 

— Ji]^i')Gi[[incl,b7iEicD.ofMoDUuGe[ |:[ 

— The Sory of Julii of AngeiiDEt (i. 

— A £iuk in Vii(;il pn[nl«i out /£. 

— <>f[hBDiilii>«arjofHcf>'chiui ia6 

Dijuviry if a BojkpfiiHtd in not. V ,/■. 

"nnjuQurei ahott the E»tlj- due o( ft Vi. 

lon^routSiainptiiloidefcclhed la', 

IweicBing cnayeifationinilieKIne'i'bench ib. 

e rcmarKionifaepubliciiionufii iiS 


DecideiofLiry'iHilt. bow loA 131 



— Aiirwered by an »nanrir. lui nrriier ijj 

teller 10 hiiGiare of ••■""•oil ihufubjiflii. 
Inhuituniiy of lliC err fat blond U? 

PirioJ|fpW!chpi«uijimothegr. rebellion 140 
Rcnawal of an old parliamenui]- puyei ib. 
Mcieorjlosic'.l Journal of ihe Wcaiher 141 
Ritei of ihcCliu'chorEnK'^nd asp'aincd 141-} 
A new me'-hod o.^^mlTUiiin,; Sim dlili 144 
RiviiwofBooKk Eiincru-ri NjC. liiHory 

(if Gui^oa MS-^-T <-9 

— l.inj;hoine'iConfuJiiion« of Ilum.m Life ijo 
— (JbLiYMinn« on Tlx Xiau tf'tic S.uiiK iji 3 
— M. De 1. LirdB'i Joi.pify ti. ' 1.4 
CitJliiatfBtslujriiiiJifreititri'ibl. 1JS;6 ; 1 

PoaTiv,— LoT^ Son;;— froloBimuZaia,!^ 
ilt exhibiti n in IidiiiJ tiv perCni of r^qk (ij 
— An Elegy— fniwf:!!!: jad Epilw^e lo iha Fa- 
T»l UifcoTc'ry 160 

HktjmcslCiiiiomich.— Thej-ieat 
Diu;:lii Ciur^e deCrnniicI— Inltiuflioia 10 ihc 
Memlirt* fiirtbB Borough —Oppulliioo to ihc 
Merchami Aildnl* — Mr Koo'c'i Atipeal 10 'iic 
PuMc - Sir J. Mjwb.y'i V in-iiCJlion, Sec, Sc. 
With Kglit additional Fagei of Lcttcr-pref* ; and a curiont Copper PlJte, ciiplaiiiing 

.._r . -'ijiod of cooftfliajng SUM-DlALS. 


U R ? A If, qev-y 

LONDON, Fiiprad fci D. IIiK>.i,.br J. LtataK, ti Si. lobn.') Gaie; and S^u O'i . 
F. Nitwaia*, *t iha Cutnci aiS*.- S^VjCj^ciiS"*^ _^ 

» J , . ■ 1 . ' "..ij g' U,.:.., u J.M.. ' " 



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I The Gentkmatis, Magazine: 

For MARCH, 1769. 

Jlan in Oiiutitf anB macK ffariftf than anp Vert af tBt Ani» >nk Vrin* 

RemirlubJe conceit bciocen [he KinE ind Vi 
liuncDC, an ibc eJeftiaa uf 1 popular c*<i 
d>tcfoiBuckLDghaiiilhirE,in iG«4. iijb } 

Ohjedlotu ro the Eiplioition of iheOfiite of 
Bvplifin, in the Fcbruir; Migdine I '9 

Meii|OrUI far the toil lEnpulfion^ihc Jcfinn ib. 

M«clE[B7''i«TkUeniiua£i)'ptcampaied iii 

llsiTtAHA.— ^uUKKcJcity ofjofepbui qua- 
ftioced * ' 111 3 

■TIk fatile at Herculn f9ui)ded on lie Svirj 
of Samplon 114 

^■ji pjul (od Mcncdemitt tbe phllolbphn uf 
ihe fameoccupitlDn li. 

■AfiuuijofibcGer^in >n(lPerriintineui|ei -b. 
.Aiiiainft fpeciei of H'jifei ilefcrib):d ib. 
luTi'i Giilind, b; the D, of MoiMtiiEei 

.Ju^i-t Giilind, b; the D, of 
-The flurv of Julii of AngeliD 

A bull in Viigil pojnicd out ib. 

— <>ftfaeDiCIiuj]arjof Hefychiuf iU 

Dijieviry efa Baik prititJ i« i+oi- ^ ''■. 
-^^jcQuiet ahoLT cbe early due uf it ib. 
Anan^oui EiOmpbalni detcrihed ii-, 

lalCictUng cosveiriiign ill ihe Kin^'i-bEnch lA. 
■SevEre rcma'ilu onthe puWicition of i( ii3 
rio«D«(i«K«(-«ji*(H'M.'AiiMa»ijfflSeiy 119-30 
Miffing Dccadeiof Elry'iHill. hov loft iji 

tkt.;rmtr/.ilSiU-J/8!fi}in lie Pafert l3:-3-4( 

Qw.ienQdrtOcdiuiliecauili'fe.^mioen ij; 
— Aufwered by 10 inonym >u^i ifiiicr ijj 

J^tteno hii Grice of*""" on thuiuy ;*!'*. 
Inhumtoiiy oCth£ erf fiir blond 139 

Pitt o^t fpcGchpieviuui to the gr. Tcbclliun 140 
tUnenil af «n old pulrimenticy p»yer ib. 
Mcicurolosie^l Journal of the ^^'clIber 141 
RiieiofthuCliu-ehof Ccghnd oipliincd 141-3 
A iMw niaihudM.'ci)iiltTii;iin|j Siin dutt 144 
Rtvitvf of BooKi.— Einciuii'i Nic. Hiftoiy 
of GuUm i4J-«-7 (-9 

— i.inghome'iConruU'i'lniuf Hum.inLif,; ijc 
— (}bt:rviiinni on Tin Siatt tfUu Njlin 1 ji- 1 
— M. Oe I. L*rde'. T,.:.r"i-y to I.ily ■ ,_4 
CajlffHt.fBr.kifn'natrcmbiri-jbt, iJS-6 V 
pJtT»Y.~Luv>:Soni;— l'roloKnetoZi.i,j4i 
Utenhibili n In IrLlLui Vj pert nt of rjqk m 
— An Elegy — l'iui(>i;uii ind Epilogue ta^ Fit- 
Mi Difco»i;rr lid 
HikTJKt CAL ClIKOif 1 CLE. —The gieac 
DiukIh Cnufj: de(rr:iiit eJ— Inltiuaioin lo the 
Membrlt for the Boriiiif.h — Ojipniltion id the 
Merchanti Addtgft-Mr t'oot'i Afpral to 'he. 
VuhKc - Sii ]. Mawbvj'i Vindication, Sc;. &c. 

■ curioiii Cop;<er Pl.ite, explaining 

Elruding SUN-DlALS. 

By s r L r J N u 

V R f A N, per;. 

LONDON. Ptipud fccD. JIiNftV,,br ]. Lutu, ■■ St. :,;hnrt Gate; iod S^t>i 

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The Gentlemarf^ Magazine : 1 

hon^tm Gucnc 

Puhhc Ledgw 
London Chrcn 
Whitehall Even 
LAHilan Etnui^ 
Utntloj, Wtd 
'£^£^1 Friday 




For MARCH, 1769. 

vn in (Buaatitp ■nil BTtncK 0aritt|i Tb*n anp ^sd ef t&( fiiuS anb ttd[t4 

KooueIuIiU coD'CIl beiwepn ihc King ind Vir- 

livneni, on ihc cleAlon of 1 populii c;i<^i- 

diielb(Buckiiiehualhiir,ini6o4. 115 6 1-% 
V/t^tA^iDt Id tbc ExpUaaiioa of the (Jfice of 

BafMifrn, in Ibe Fthmiry M'idine 1 19 
HciUU|>Ulioi Ihe loial EipuUkm of ittcJeltiKt (J. 
Mad*»7'*''<'''" '^i" Eeyptcomtuitd 111 
palTf AHA,— ^uihcnuchr of Jalepbui qua- 


•The lihle af Heiciitti founded on ihc Sli 

of Simpfra IS 

-Se Paul ind Menedemut ll)o philoliipher 

ihc Cimeoccupiiuin } 


■A^iftini' fpeclei of H.>ifc> dcfcMbed 1. 

— 2<Jii'iGiiluxl,b7iheD.orMaaituGei 1: 

— Thetwryof JiJJiQfAi«eiic« d 

—A ball in Virpil pojnlcd am ^ 

:>-^ilieD!aiui>iir;orHcfjc)i)ui 11 

Difievrry af a Bt^i primtd h I ^ol . ' 1 

K^jonfcdurei jhoui die Ntl^ daw of ft }. 

A Boo^out Ciaifiphilot defirlbed i^ 

ZaiercOiDe coavccftt^n in th« KinE'i' bench i, 

ilhc puWicilkin ofii n 

_ . .._.'H'o8(AiiMiKy*9eaii9-' 

Miffing Deewfei of EI17' W'l- ho* 'ofl 13 
of Lmer-n 

CttrrtvtrJfaiStij'iaifram lit Pafcrl 
Kcifnin fj( p.nU.ninB M'CKiik 
C^ciiei KddrcObd lu ihe couti <<F 
— Aiifweted bym tuonjuiiui ir, 
Juicer 10 hli Gnct of '"••*" 01 
IiJiui^nity aC il>e ^if fur blood 
Piirof^fjUechpieviom rathe gr, rcbelllun lu 
Reaewal of la ukl iMrlumentair pia^'CT A. 
Mcceurjlugl(7!l Jiuinal uf ihe V'eubef 141 
Riiei of ihcCLurfihof Engijud ttn/'iined i4»-j 
A mw neihoduf cqnitrn^ing Sun iUh 1^4 
RiviiworBoDi^t.— Eincion'i Nx.lflnacy 
ifGuUM ■ MS-6-7e'-» 

— l.»nKhome'«C0Qro;HioniBfKuTi.mLifc ije 

— M. "JeliLinde'i JuiirrifjtoIiJly ' i_4 
CjiMivefSKlufrianfrrailri-jfii. [55-6 ;'■« 
?aiT« V . — Lort Son;;— CioliJBiie 10 Zji», tji 
iu eihibiii n in Iiclitul ir pSiC ni of tji))( / j 
^An Eliigy—ProlopieJiHl Epilogue 10 lhdP»- 
T»l DitoiL-tT ■ ifio 

Hiiioi.cflL CHuomcLi.— The™t 
I>juj!l« Otufr JMpr.-nii.e.;— Inilfuaiom lo !he 
MembrTi frjr ihe Boi-jufh— Oppnficwo n) ^fae 
Meichanit AddFtfi-Mi KooVi Afpeil 10 ie 
Public - Sii ]. MiwbLj'i Vmdicatbn, &c", IS. 
curiotii Copper Plate, cKplaininj; 
iifllng Sum-Dials, 


[/ J! J ,f y, C^crt. 

E.ifTE.^, at Si, 1 bn'i Gjtc; mH 
:S!, l-^H,!-; C»i,:!!,Yiid. 

■ i..-. ff' li, ' ...i;. 

Addrejfes from thi Umverfities to bis Majeflff 

9V tkt KiHfs mofi txctUent Majefy. ptet of religion ind liberty ; the fflCuritr ef 

nr^a „ .,-, t. which (undisr god) cfleDtiiiUy depends upon the 

J^^fljr-ci^^ W*'4», lifcjy ^ your Wat7'> perfon, Se digHicy of 

'l^rE your mt jertyS m;ft loyil and huh- y^^y, crown, and ihc au^ftority of the laws j In 

.▼ ▼ 'ul fubeds* the 'chancellor, maKert, Uiedue and ^-igorout ex^cuiion of vhich^ Cni9 

and fchoUi f of rheUpWeri^ty of Oxford, in fuil confti tici< ma 1 liberty con^t, and by wUchakoiie 

convocation ailemblrd, humbly dtfire to ap- it can be fupportMl'. 

pio<ch your throne wUh hc»ri» foil of duciliil ^nd we farther bejg leave to affure your mar 

alieAionto your royal perfon, ard intprelTed jtfty. that nothing (hall be wanting on ovr pan to 

•Hh" a moit gtaicftj*. fcnfc ot ihe ioTaluable difccuntenance iirtUpionand profenenefi. We 

bleffing derived to c htfe luiiont from the prefer- ^^^^ j^^^ al^rays (enbble of their eril icndeDCf 

wioo and free enjojmtnr of ihofc civil and re- |p f^p the principlci of loyalty lo the ki^; 

ligimit righif , which have been the great and and obcaience to maeittracy, ai»d to diflbht e- 

coMantobjediof jotrmajefty's paternal care ^^ ij^ of duty, affbaion, and atlegianbe ; 

aad^ondu^i. b„i ^i^ „, now fully cooTinccd of their aowin 

The iixereil* of true religion «nd liberty, influence, by the daageioui affociatiQW .tf 

£> ^entially interwoven with our excellent men who, under thf plaufible prMcst of 

cimftTrutioD, claim the peculiar attention of fupporcing our righci ipd privilegn, aie, bir 

chtk feminaij, which hat long fubflfted under jhcir piinciplet andpra&ice*, the nU fiSbfOtr 

thelt influence f and can only flourifli under their ^^ of them. 

But wh^ the faacd name of liberty it pro- ^» ^ ^■<' mOfi'^xctAnt MS^^ 

ttand tm th< defigna of fafiion and iixiiiion, . Kofi ffocimu Sajfirnif, , 

lod converted into. an««gine of ^rty rage to W/ £ yoor mt^fcf^ oioft dutiful and feyjl 
Hrfmy that gbtioas fabric, of which it is the yV fuhl^^ $•. ^ncello'r, tnaften, and 

ornament and fupport; fych unjuftifiablc mjea- fcholars of yoiutTmteraly of Cambridge, hunt- 

furea beconvc more dangerous and alarming by bly beg leave to exrarefs the grateful fenfe ym 

the fpeciout and fair apjierfr^ixei under which have or jour majefty't conftant and unweariflcf 

dM3 are diiguifsd ', and, unlcfs feafoiuibly db- atier.noa to 'promote the happineia of all yov \\ 

ftarecl, niay terminate in that ruin of our happy people. 

pmAittttion, which the fad experience or formor Fully convinced that this or any other nation 

Itam has taught ui to dread. never enjoyed the valuable blelAnga of civil ami 

We panoot therefore withou; anxiety and con- religious libcny tn a greater degree than wh#c | 

•em, behold the repeated attempts formed by we experience und^ir your majefty't miki and « 

men, whofecl amours again*! imaj^inary abufct mofl gracioui guveciunent ) we cannot but fe^p 

of their coniiituiionil ri;;hisanc) {rrivilcges, un- with concern and abhorrence, the evil defigna 

d«f pretence of prefcrving invblate our civil of bad men, who, under f)>eeiouf preteacJB 

libertHft, tend toraifi: a rpiiitofdlfcoidar.d tu- of piomoting the public good, are llbourla^ 

mojit amoii^ ^our fahhtul fubjedit, in open de- to (educe the ignorant and unwary h*Jt^ 

fance of juftice and legal authority, and in vi- their duty, by infbfing into their mindi needleb 

olaibnof the peace and good onjer of govern- fieart and jealoufiet, at if the ct»llitution w|a 

meot, fo happily eftabliOitd under your majefky'a in danger, 
yoyal p rotefiion. We iruft, it ever has been our con|tant et* 

We have feen the ccu'fe of executive ju.1 ice deavour, and humbly cntvM Jovlt taajefly't 

daringly obfkru^-ed, and « very • art of the le- favourable acceptance of our moft faiibfift tip 

giMRtive power infultcd and reviled ; we have furances, that it evpr Aall be our particular caft 

feen every art of malice and filihood employ- to inftill into the rifing generation coounitted 10 

ed to deftroy all reverence for magiftracy and eor charge, true princip'es of religion and loyv 

confidence in goveinmenr ; we fee the daily alty, and fuch a fence of gratitude for your ma* 

»nd unremitted indignities offered to >he moft jetty's royal proteQ ion of this feat of leandnib 

venerabhf and farred perfonagcs : we therefore ai will tend comake them good citizen! and good 

think ourfelvcs bound, by every tie, ibcial, ci- fubjeds, and fully to anfwtr the ends of oif 

idl, and reli^pous, by every principle of ccyi- inltltution. 

fcientioui duty, to exprcft our hearty abhor- To thia teftimony of nur duty and fidetity* 

rence of fuch violent and uhconiluutional pro- we fliall add our unfeigned prayers to M 

feedings | and to aflure your majefty, thft it throne of grace, that it m^y pleafe almfghv 

has ever been^ and ftill ia, the conftam objeft god long to prcferve your roajefly^ the belovti 

of ouriuiwearied care, to inftill into the m'mds fovercign of an united, loyal, and aflfeAiopiip 

of the youth of this place, the genuine princi- people. 

•i* Thf mmt^ imterefing Occurrences that ba*ve bap^ened in tie Co^rfe vfthefrMf 
. Mwb, have nec^arih Miged »/ Xo p^ft^ne tbe. Accgitn of Foretgm Affairs^ Jjk 

^atit ^R—m\ tbMgD to gratify tbe Kei^'^i Curiofity ai far aifoJIXle^ w'BM^ 

fidded etgbt Pages ofXetter-frefs to thi ufual ^a/ttit/. 

PR ICES, of CORN at the CoiLir-^cR'AEroi, X-biTDOii. ■. 
Wheat l&rley Oats Eye Peafe Beans F ale Malt 

March 6 I 30 to j7 I 14x0 ui| M^-<o '^ I S^ 9 ?} J ><>,tp »i I >( t9 si t ao to «^ [ 
ij 1 30 to 38 I i4 to if I il'to 14 T ab to '21 \ 11" to la \ ^S^n V<^"\ "jW ^ •A 
^o I JO to 38 / r.? to 17 I II CO X4 I 20 to ai \ *i to ia\\ \fe to \^\ a\ «> ^\ 
M/ / gttot6 I 13 iQfrii 10 to 14 I 19x9*1 \ %ixo*l \ lh\o^l\ '^^^» « 


Krent/emads Ma^azme:y 

MARCH, 1769. 

1 llruck pirti^- 
I laity wiih the 
. Mfe of SirfJ'itii- 
thCtt^wjim, defied ■ kniglit at (he 
Sbire for the county of Bui-tingbaiK\n 
1604, in oppoGlioii 10 Sii Jebm Ftritf- 

■'- \ pu- --- -- ' --- '■•- -- 


utivy CI 

t cleaio 

__ , ice of iht 

freeliolderi wai alniolt unlverfolly for 
Gm^uj-i, a few jnftices only excepted, 
who were faintly )ie^ for torltftiU ! 

The numben upon the poll wtn for 
Ctedvnn 300. Tot FarltJ'cut So. Bui 
tiotvriinftandingthii ereit majority, and 
(tilt the fioTI wai doted only btcaufe the 
■nRJoriiy wai increaGn^; j tbc return of 
the ftieriff for Sir Francis wai refufed 
by the clerk of the crown, a new writ 
wax ifTucd out of chancery hy tlie king'* 
Qrder, and Sa Jsbn Farti/cui, upon thit 
ficond writ, «» elefled without oppo- 

Upon the meeting of parliament. Sir 
^WiBmrn FUeliuaaJ, the other member 
^fi>r Bucks, complained to the Hourc of 
thti undue proceeding, and obtained an 
order for the clerk of the crown to at- 
, tend, and 10 bring with him all the wtln 
of fummar.s, indL-miires, and returns for 
the connty of Btckio'ham, ilTucd and 
returned for the then filling parliament, 
and at the fame time it wa* fcfolved, 
that Sir Fraaai CtaJivjia Ihould have 
leave to ftatc bii cafe at large with hii 
own mouth before the Houb. 

Sir Frjutii \feing informed of ihi* 
fndiilgence, knd'^tptdingtttcdilplenture 
«f the kiii^ wav.M have ikclinrd llie 
talk{ bnl hi* tflk being now ihecale 
of the whole Itii^dom, lie waa com- 
ngititd fttiXKaJ i and bting pirlftd 

By hit friendi to make bii report ftaifk- 
Ij, h« niodcftly "dklated, that beMM 
contlrained by the'Rbeited appUeMte* 
of Aiefieeholden^r the county 10 ftc- 
cohie a cjndidate ( that at the time'of 
■leflinn he Eiirnent)> p^erfuided hii frintda 
to give iboir loteci for^ir JetM, y^ 
had^becii hit father'* ftiead, xnd «(>• 
(utowtti btn that the}" psCfted ill <b« 
genei^l cry tor tJ—JVifn y and ai 'to 
the Rliijortiy uf tvicn Ih hit favour^' it 
waib great, that only ahwiiiteKlM 
perfoiij oppofed him. ■ ■ ' ''' 

The clerk of the crowd being dftn 
called upon 10 give hi* rrafoni for (e- 
' f\](iti^ the Oierltf'i return in fa^eui^ 
Sir Ffaniis, Bnfwered; that Sir Praneit 
wai an eutUtiij upon record, and ft*e- 
fbre lie refufed to enter ihs renim'." 

Upon thit plea, 3 vvry warm debate 
enfued, many precedents were quUtM, 
by which it appealed, that BUliaiity 
apem fiTfinal aihens had nererfatStn 
held a dui^ualilication to (it and vote'in 
thitHdulej that in foritier reigns In- 
ftancet to the contrary were many j ahd 
that fo late ai the reign of her lace nia- 
jefty ofgloiious nitmory Sir FmMeit 
himfelf had been elejlcd a member, ^nl 
hid been peraitied lo fit and vole in 

fil^1iament lincethb pretended outtawiy 
ad been prolccutcd agiiinit him. Thia 
plea, ihercfotc, appearing to the HouA 
- to be taken up with na otW view than 
ai a pretence to vacate hit eleftion,' it 
wii over ruled^ and the qaeRion pul« 
Wheilier Sir Francis Cwdwyn watn'wb 
fully eleOtd and lecumeil one of the 
knighta of the Shire for Snj(Mffan^ 
Itpafled in theaS.mailve, the clerk . 
of the crown w« of Jered to file the flrft 
indenture, and to cinctl the recoiid { 
the o*th of fupremacy wai tendered to 
Sir Frauds, and he wai uiltanify per- 
mitted (o take hiifiat. 

In thcle dayt of conQitutional re- 
formaliun, thecoiilt would uiidoiiliicd- 
ly have acqqirrced in Itut C^u\vah\c te' 
eifion i but vinilet \\^e «v^ o? ftw fei*. 
■S!ft«W/» Wlw Vk14 iSltt i\\ ^VKtfi^7,t vii» 
- ■ * ' ' * *twsi4i 

[6 Th Cafe of Sir F. Goodxffjn^ in the refgn ofjimis L 


d'Hveci from himfsU, it was not to be 
cxpdSleJ that he would patiently fuiFer 
the privilcdge of parliament to oper.-^^c 
againft his lervantt. He Iiad been told 
bf old lawyers und court lycophantKy 
that the Commons hnd noriuhtto med- 
dle with returns ; that writs u6ing ifTu- 
ed by the cierk. of the crown, and re- 
turnable into Chancary, the right of 
tbrre6lin^ and reformLig (h«fe retuni«y 
of courfe belonged to the court into 
Which they were returned ; that the 
^natter of outlaHviy had ever been held 
by tlie judges of the realm, a fufBcient 
^aufe of exclufion from fitting and ail- 
ing ia that Houfe; i|nd that the prece- 
dent^ adduced, tp the contrary, w^re 
from the times of liimors, of tyrmmsy 
of women, or AixSpIe kings ; and were 
therefore not-to be regarded. His ina- 
jefty, therefore, iniifted that the right of 
sir Fraucii to tit in the Houfe ihould be 
jpc-debateJ ; that a conference H. oil Id be 
beld with the Lords upon the joint of 
privilege ; and; finallv, that the whole 
eft and 
■ His mrijefty^s plcafure being naade 

. known to the Houie, a debate enfiie'd i 
the form of the writ was; taken into 
condderation, nicely examined, and ad* 
mitted to be good ^ the writ itfelf was 
allowed to be duly ifTued, and the pro- 
ceedings upon It were fdund in ev6ry 
refpe^l conformable to ancient. ufagie in 
writs of the like kind ^ it was therefore 
Vgue'd; that ilF the free ele^ioii of the 
country were taken away, and none to 
be admitted to fit in the Houfe but 
fuch as diall pleafp the king and coun- 
cil, a chancellor Italy pack a parliament 
to his humour, and a falfc fuggeftion of 
A counlellor about the throne may *6c- 
bifion the iffwing of a new writ, ^ ^ 
As to the plea of outlcrwry, ^ere it 

' \o be admitted as a legal incapacity, in 
oppbfition to a thoufaiid precedents in 

toint\o tfie contrary ^ yet it could hot 
rith any prorrieiy be urged a^ainft 
'ttV . rr«/r^// 'Ooednjuyn, A writ of 
' bulllav.Ty liad indeed been proffccuted 
agalnlt him eleven years before for the 
fum of fixty pounds, and anotfier about 
Teven, for fixtVen pounds, yet neither of 
thffe writf had been carried into cxecu- 
Vioh According to law § for, tirft, the 
■ Wrbr outlawed qught to be five tirn ea 
X K^3ai »v-ed la appear in the meriff s 
"iSli^Iytoiin, where he reQdcB, and then 
'iiift app^^Liik/^ &0^ilt tb t>V UdjU^^ 

outlawed by the judgment of the e^ 
roners of the county, and record there'* 
of enleted accoidinrly, which bad no* 
ver been done; aj^d iecondly^ th/i writ 
of exigent by which the fhciiiirif elm- 
inanded to piucJaim him five .tiii4t» 
was never lawfully returned nor cciti- 
fied by ceniorarii without which G^od" 
. *wyn could no; be difqnaliHed as an out- 
liwi A^.to.kjjip routitfT of conference^ 
it was icro^'cd, that I bey ftiould in nc^ 
fort, gite an aeco^tit to the Lorda of 
the procecdinj^s of their Houfe ) but 
th^t :is his majeiiy had conceived him- 
felf engaged andtotiched in honptir, it 
was moved tliat Mr^Speaker (bould be 
a fuitor to his majedy for accefs, and 
that he Ihould humbly mrefent to bis 
majefty, in die name of the commcns of 
England^ that now the judgment of Sir 
Praitch Goodwyn'i caie having pnfltd \ 
the Houfe, it could not, nor ought not 
io be reveri'ed by them. Thiik motion 
was fecbhdcd and agreed to, and the 

among themfelvetj that they fiioi^ld 
admit of conference with the judges ; 
and that all the proceedings fliould be 
reported (o his mnjcf^y^s council. This 

Sroiluced a very long and very warm 
ebat? j and in the end it was refolved 
to reduce the fenfe of the Houfe into 
articles, and a committee was appointed 
for that purpofe, with power to fend 
for any officer, to view and fetich anv 
record, or otlier thing of that kiqd» 
which may hrlp the memory or fuither 
the knowledge of the tommittee in ihit 
))aiticular feivice. 'the Committee %p- 
on tat (her confideration, jndged it mbft 
rcfpeclful to addrefs what they had t6 
urge to his inaiefly by way of i^iition. 
And as the ftyfe of this petition is fome* 
what different From the ftyie of parlia- 
ments fince the revolution, yolir rcraderk 
will nat perhaps think the preamble te- 
dious if ) Du infcrt it at large. It is aa 
follows ; 

To the King's mod excellent Majefty : 

The humble anfwer of the Commoni 

Hf.ufe of Parliament to his Majcfly't 

objqftions in Sii-'fr. Goodtu/n'n Ctfl'e. 

" Moll gracious, our dear, and dread 

fovcrcign : Relation being made to ua 

by our l)>enker of your majefty*^ royal 

clemency and patience in heaiing ua, 

and of your princely nrudence in dif- 

Vcrmn^t 1t.ey;\TV|^^qklRc€Cv^t\A ^<«l^f^ \^« 


iifeda/i pf Sir P. G^pHfijn^ in tberei^fi of James L iij 

tiicr to ncdve iatUfaAion to clear us, 
than catiie to pardon us ; we do in all 
Ikumblci^cikf render our mo ft bounden 
Ihankt for the fame ; protefttng by the 
bond of our all^iance,' that we never 
lud tfaoBght to fiinnd your majefty ; at 
whole Icct we fliiall ever Itie proftrate, 
with iiqral hcartt to facriiice ourfclyes 
iuid all we have for your niajedy^a fer- 
vicc : And in this particular we could 
find no quiet in our minds, that would 
fuffer us to ientertain other thoughts un- 
bll we had addrefTed ouranfwerto your 
rzccllent niajefty j, for which neverthe- 
Icia we have preAimed of the longer 
time, in reipe£^ wt hare prepared foine 
precedents, requiring fearch, to yield 
your majefty better (atisifaAion. 

There were objefted agaiAft us by 
yonr mrijefty and your reverend judges, 
ionr things to impeach our proceedmgs 
in receiving Sir Francu GoodiujM into 
our Houfe/*— The fubftance of thefe 
bbje^tioiks, with the anfwers, here foU 

Oije^. i. That Weaflumed to our- 
iehres the power of examining the elec- 
tions and returns of Knights and Bur- 
gefleSf which belonged to your majefty^s 
Chancery, and not to us ^ for that all 
returns of writs were examinable in the 
courts wherein thev are returnable^ &c. 

Our humble aniwcr, is, that until 7 
Henry IV. all parliamentary writs were 
returnable into parliament, and coiife- 
^uently the returns examinable there) 
and though in that yeor, a ftatute was 
made in which a clauie was infertcd, 
requiring the returns of all eledions to 
be in cancellarium nofirtim^ yet the pow- 
er of the pailiament to examine and de- 
termine eiedipns> has ever (ince re- 
mained, of which many precedents are 
now upon record *. The inconveni- 
ence would be great indeed, if the 
Chancery might, upon fuggeftions, or 
IberifFs returns, fend for new elections, 
and thoiie not fubjcfi to examination in 
parliament \ for fo, when fit men were 
choicn by the counties and boroughs, 
the Lord Chancellor or the Sheriffs, 
mi^ht diCpUce them, and fend out new 
iRmtk until fome were cbofen to their 
liking; a thing dangerous in prece- 
dent in the time to come. 

ObjiQ, 1. That we dealt in this 
cauie with too much precipitaiion, and 
without refpeA to your inoftexcel'tnt 
majefty our tOTercign, who h;id directed 

* %amt ofthef« preredcnK weiein y-oi'.r, 
and arc oaunm hezAuic toj loa£ tat jt\^ 

the wrrt to be made ; and being but half 
a body, and no court of record alone, 
refiifed icoiiference with the Lords, tlie 
other htlf, notwithHanding they prayed 
it of \\i. 

Our hunihle anfwer, is, to the preci- 
pitation, that we entered into this caufe 
as in other parliumtnu of like cafes 
hath been accuftonicd. For lack of 
refpeft to your majcfty, we confefs, with 
p-icf of our heans, we are right fbrry 
It fhould be fo conceived, protel^ing, 
that it was no way made known unto us 
before fentence was pafTed, that yohr 
maiefty had taken to yourielf any fp«^ 
cial notice, or diie61cd any courfe in 
that caufe, otherwile than the awarding 
writt by your high ucfs's officers in that 
behalf; but if we had known as much 
by your majefty's royal mouth, we 
would not without your majeAy's pri- 
vity havie proceeded in that manner. 
And as concerning conference with the 
Lords, there was none defired till afbr 
our fenteDce paired, and tlien we thought 
that in a matter private to our own 
Houfe, thoij^h we are but part of a 
body in making laws, yet for any mat- 
ter of piiviJcdge, we ait, and ever have 
been, a court of ourfelvcs, of fufficient 
power to difcern and determine without 
their Lordfliips, as their Lorclfhips have 
ufid always to determine without us* 

ObjeSI, 3. That wc have, by our fen - 
tence of receiving Coodivjn, admitted, 
that outlaws may be mkkei-s of laws, 
which is contrary to all laws. 

Our humble anfwer is, that notwith- 
Handing numbcrlefs piecedents of ad- 
mitting and retaining outlaws in pergo- 
nal actions, in the Hou/V of Commons, 
and that none were ever remitted for 
that caufe; yet we received fo great 
fatisfa£lion from your Koyal Majefty*s 
own mouth, moie than before in that 
point we heard or did conceive, that 
we forthwith prepared an ad to pafs 
the Houfe, that all outlaws henceforth 
(hall (land dilabled to feive in pailia- 
ment. But as to Coodivyn^ it did noc 
appear to u«, unon exam!n'4tion, that 
he flood an outlaw by the laws of En^ 
gland^ at the time of his eleflion, there 
being no record cf any fuch outlawry, 
except by a cicik lately come into of- 
ficer, wlio haih new, n,iny years after 
the t :;::'.', and fin ce hit election, made 
cniiif, interiintd with a nt-n hand, 
th?.i ht V73S o'Ji'iwtd, to which entncs 
wt roui'J give ro credit j for*th.-t ihe 
piitict .'it wftoft I'jit GMifi»)fi^uf«ciQL« 
h^v( irfitf'^e^ *•. \V.t.u wuuAv Q^ %«\e«&L« 
\h-.: ikty titvu jig««4fc4 «*«v^ ^^oet 


. .Ii|ke out w^u of {xigent for an oi|t- 
lawry* and, being then paid their mb- 
ney, dcfifted ther^. To thiiy adding 
the two general pardons by parli^mehr, 
which has cleared the outlawry in truth 
.andfubftance if any were, we > were of 
opiMiony and fo your majefty*s rooft re- 
verend judges would have been if they 
liad known thus much, tliat Qood^wj^n 

'."llood not dilabled by outlawry to be 
defied or ferve in parliament. 

0bj$8, 4* That we proceeded to ex- 

*>«inine the fa6k of the outlawry, and 
gave pur fentence upon thatj whereas 
we ought to have been bound by the 
"Vierifits return of outlawry from further 
examining whether the party were out- 

•Xs(wed or not. 

Our humble anfwer is. That the prc- 
Ttdentt cited before, in our , aiifwer to 
,the firft objection, do prove the ufage of 
the Comipons Houfe lo examine the 
fa^s relative to elcAions; and returus } 
\l(f, wlyi^h difcrret proceeding, there is 
avoided that great inconvenience of giv- 
ing liberty to flier^ffs, by making untrue 
returns, to make and remove whom 

Thus, in all humility, we havepre- 
fentied to your moft excellent nia)efty 
the grounds and rcafons of onr late ac- 
tion, lead with no afFeClions, but guided 
by truth, warranted in our confcunces, 
imitating prif cedents, maintaining our 

, ancient privileges, honouring your mpft 
excellent niajefty in all our fervices, to 
which, in all loyalty and devotion, we 
jbihd us and ours forever, praying dai- 
ly on the knees of our hearts, to the 
inajcfty of the Almighty, that your 
mniefty and your poficrity, may, in all 

' Iclicity, reign over us and ours, to the 
end or the world. 

the matt^rj, .h9<i 5e^rd his juc^i 
and confulted his cbunctl t thaf ne Wat 
now more dtftraAcd in nit fvilgniMC 
than ever ; and tberefore, Umt his fdr- 
thei fatisf«ftion, he dcG*^ and mp* 
mtamdid as an ohfolmte kikg, and .Pppn 
their allrgiance, thac there might }fk a 
conference between tbe HouiS and the 
judgek) and for thai piuiipUe, there 
might be a fclcfl contmittec.uf grave 
artn learned pcrfuns oiit of' the HouA | 
that his rouncil might be preftiit, not as 
umpires to determine, but as ht-areri W 
report in dHFci-entiy on both fides. 

Upon this unexpcd;.'d mcffage, a pro- 
found nience enfoed ; at length a mem- 
ber flood uu and faid. The king^s C9m* 
meutd' is like a thuhd rbolt; hia ^vai- 
0andMpon our alUgidnce like the roar- 
ing of a lion. T9 In* c^mmqtul tbert is 
no cpntradiBiom \ but bow, or in what 
manner to pioceed, that's the qjiieftion. 
Let us petition his uiajelfcy, faid another^ 
to be prefent to hear, jnoderaie, . ahd 
fiidge the cafe himfelf. Other member^ 
bejgan to enter more deeply into the af- 
fair, ^nd propofed taking idto confi'dejra- 
tion the extent of the prerogative, and 
the tendency of the king^s <Kclaratibh ; 
but the fpeaikcr, to avoia a dtbste of f0 
delicate a nature, put the question whe- 
ther to conft-r with the juJges in pre- 
fence of the king and council ? Jt wat 
refolved in the iilfinnHtire, and a (t\^Gt 
committee inllantly named for the con- 
ference, confifting of one and twenty 
lawyers, and -fnc teen gentlemen, with 
inftru£lions to confine tbemMves ftri£t- 
ly to (he articles in quHlioni and to pro- 
ceed to no other argument or aniwer, 
what occaiion Ibever fliould prclbnt ia 
the courfe of the debate. 

On -the 9(th of jiprii tht conference 

Thefe.rcafo^is, thus ftt down, havi/ig .was held, and on the lith Sir Frauds 
ren rer.d in the HotiiV-, w«:r 
apd a meflfiftgc was lint to 

been rer.d in the Houie, w<:re approved, Bacc^ reported the Aibftauce of it to the 

t7ic Lords, Hoftt'e. The king, he.iiiid, would be 

that th^y vi^cie ready to be delivered j prefidcnt him/elf ; and the Commons III 
. to,whi(4llhc t^otds returned for anfwer, • drlivering to his ma jelly what they liad 

thi«t they wtfpld be rra 
t\lc\^JiiiRif tt, 'four o^ 

'ady in the Coun- 
' clock that afcer- 
i»poi^(,Atiril' Vy6c^,) to receive the 
^iime } ityrjii^time the committee ap- 
pointed for that piirpo£e did attend, and 
bir f ranch Baccn ^icUv'end the writing, 
.with Jefire that ihtir Lordlhips would 
be mediators in behilfol the Houle for 
his majcAv^s lhli>f..rt»on. 

Two days after the delivery of this 
w;:ting, the Houle icceiyed a mclTage 
from lis majtjly by the mouth of their 
fpeakei, impoitiug, thac he: had received 
\ pr.rchnient from the Houle ; that he 
li^d iziid uiid i(;;7i}Jcred the manner 

in charge, gtve his Highnefs to tm<rer* 
ftand, that they had tione more to his 
majcfty in rendering an account of their 
proceedings than had been done to any 
of his prcdecelTors fince the conquef^i 
His majefly thereupon proufttd, with 
thejniignanimity ot a gi'eat kin^, that 
lie would not hold his pi-erog<itive| or 
ncceivL' any thing of any, ortSiAiifubi- 
je/is-j that he would Tconfiim and rartfy 
all their juft privileges; but that he 
would admit ot no innovations. It was 
reprcfcntcd to his majefty in all humi- 
lity, that the privileges of the Commons 
Uottle -ia hearing and determining con- 

Jitpiari's oiTOn Expfapalim of thi&£Ht if Beiptifm, 1^9' 



hi been ka\ 

IWenwMt and fo wtre ilie Clijn- 
*ii<l tbcivfon;, ni boili inighE 
ihifn IIk pcmrm lO judge, ytt iici- 
Ud yiV"' ■<> lf>' powiroleon- 

M-infir,. ihac «s ihe caijti of 
Uf haJ dcteimiTied fitO, iik! ib« 
B|M tiad no power to r^Mfle ttiE 
». the onlf way lo end the caa- 

Lrai u mqke loiil ilie cleciion ; 
{.that whin ihne diJ arit s 
in Ibe cl)un:li between a Pops 
lAatipopB, ihcie cuuld be no end 
hey were both put d<>wii. 
r hearing This rt^ori, the queflj- 
(put, whether Sir Jahx turltftai 
1 Frwdi Caadiityn ftiiJI boib be 
df ■nd a wariant ilTutd for a 
iritr It paired in ibe a$rn»tive, 
\ftaMeii, at my auiborily ii.ft, 
■refiifid <H'\\.]\,falitlUlfacqiiir/ceJ. 
ftig already, J fear, ircrfufTcil i»a 
H|>>Mi {he patience of your rt3- 
t.thii loog nairative, I flinll for- 
if reniitki, AnJ ftm, Sir, &c 

9R impuliality will admit a few 
tiAv^* from ao old cullvnier, 
fai nkplBMtioa of the «4Sce of 
B in yoiu' b8 Magaiuw for F«- 

Jpftiiie idYanced iinoAeii^dbt 
MtiM-atihi* timeof tfiedayt to 
Iw evcilaftin^ fllntian deiMhtl 
taere exiemal aicaisJtuKt, eft«n 
Aeir]tow<r, upon their being <£>^ 
if snd theif by to unchnrtA iihI 
1lto thirdi at leaft of the chriftian 
, The writic neyer (]tia(et any 
SEu from the bible in Jiijiport «r 
Afont, which indeed never cdnh- 
n BDy lucli acclofire icrmi of 
«!, $vt be pick* up lliredi of 
4ed fayicM tVainlome of our 

■^(n tboug;Ii' be chicQy ttta 

'aDthe ntiona high-cburrh btgM 
iba Pretender'* cbaplain. whicli 
t~plaiBly fpealu tb« tcodeDcy of 
Mnc, and wtlich way the niia i 
'-mKi. Bar ihi* WiH man ap- 
iUh fi^uel of my «anii«t<<tti 

Sttdi the diEga of bafrtiOi to 
H* «wiy,o«iphM fln; 'Wb 
Mre been mere vtemM. f '- 

onTy leich ut, that baptifm wu ap- 
pointed to be the loltiating ceremony 
intoChrilTa nljgiiini lUe <ign ot (tal 
gf outward admifTion iiiio ti^e chriAian 
covenant, a« clrcumcirion wai ihe fia] 
of adini^on into ibc jcwilli. It it not ■ 
fiom the Wo id of Cod, but of St. 
Auflltt that we dtfive ibt* nooon of 
nogiiial lin anil iii damnatory n;tture, 
snri the n^ceffify of walhiag oS the 
ftaiiii of il by Mptiriti ; his wotdt ate' 
worth obfcFving ; t^ita tafiiAatii par- 
■Vh/u rumt fremillel iattr iLimnSlielUHt' 
rtgitamqiit arlaruni, qaicSit vtl ftlitt- 
lain eajk/Hitt qua/i ariliiim heiOa, Ai- 
gu/l. de Anirn. I. i. g. Lit hb ane dai^ It 
pmmift ie hitU inja«!i itel dli vJtihlit 
hnflifra, anj middU JIaU of rtjl of bap- 
ftniji bttiiiixi htmien aid Ja/HKarien^ 
Wha tiie objeflWii wai ftaried to Au/in, 
if baplifinwai net eirarjiTofalvit ion, what ' 
baplilln then did tbe iliief upon tbi cioTif ' 
receive, nliom nevcnhclefi all allowed 
lu be in ihe number of the faved I Hif 
anfwer was — Nan inertdiliUiiir dia'iur, ' 
lairBHtm fm lute cri,bdiljuxla domnim 
crucifixita, alpii ilia ju* de lalefr tjut 
enii/rnil, lanq.fa!U Ji.eTBiiJp.tBt t/iptijina, 
JmP pirjufu:-,, ibu!. i. t. Il -.-jai It he 
bfTu-.':'. iKv I'.- -h^.f -.■.■a, l,«flijr4 
i:;:l' !l: -'.■■■'■ - .'■ ■ 'y;/! cuI ef Out 
Lgrd'i/dr luLn^ fiined •will ibt ^i ' 
dier'ijptar i Setae dr»fi migbij^zrt eaf ' 

. Thii it a Ijright ihouplit. What will ^ 
a maa not do to fave tiimfeif and hi* , 
fyflem ? AMfiin't doAiinc was imptovi j - 
and peifeaed in the dark age* tbat Mr , 
lowed, and unfoitunately was taken n^., 
in theluipplikeiiinnyolhcr churc!i-(f6c:' 
trmeaat the lefo: raation, without ej»-'^ 
mining iti conformity to holy fciiptuK. . 
Latitrutd Calvin were above mealuta ! 
fond of at. Anjia, a writer of good ', 
fenfe^ in many vc(fz&t, and folluweji' 
bimin too many of hi* error*. Ei'tjmu'f' 
read the fcnptorei — ■<— r^™- . ^.■-.~ 
iifx» (ban either < 
wanteAtbeircour^EPai. _ .._ ,. 
faw through tbe ai>rurditj>Mp Mnrciiji-' 
turol jarpn of many teccted atticlef 
w^icb were by ihem hel^ E|M;ced>' anj' 
ftiil Goatinue to be <a elheqwl b^ 
lonfc ^ttftaiitt, and the whole body' 
of.papiAi. Inde«1 ihafe lift cju> Cot-' 
rcAnovn-orof whattver ftaiidtnr, for 
tbat wbvid tie dAth lo tben IM thiiiif' 
t)tl<9ndinfal lability. "-^ 

. Bntthil writer, or eolleftor, 'b<i|i^ ' 
£11 ipeuw ignpVaiKc in oMibilig: tajl, 
ftlvKMm of an infhnt de|i*nd ii^on' ftW' 
ctrc bir il* ptr^nn to fnCtKV ^<^^V 

rniirrrun. nrirj/nuf 
I nnder fewer )<re)Q- ' 
of tb«^, thotiEh lae'l 
lEPandtntwiiiyi »ni' 

s 29 . . Memorial fap the Epcpu&hn $/ the Jefidis. 

it. ChiMren of chriftian parents are 
^n members of the chriftiAn churchy 
I Corintb. vii. 14. With refiiefl to the 
favour of God in another world; the 
infant that dies is as fafe without bap- 
tjfm as with it, the parent onlv will 
bear the blanoe and puniflimtnt of their 
neg1e£l of a f jain and ufeful appoiHt- 
ment of Chrift. Baptifm is only an ex- 
ternal token of admiffion into the 
church of Chrift and the privileges' ojF 
the gofpely and is 00 this account only, 
not to be repeated, becaufe when once 
acfmitted member of a fociety, it is idle 
and fu.'terfluous to be again admitted. 

Our iirft reform<;rs and compilers of 
the liturgy, gavp too much into this 
•doArine of Amjfin'^ concerning baptifm, 
and our public form (lands greatly in 
need of a revifal. The Rubric alfo 
Qiould \^ ftruck out, which forbids 
chriftian burial to infants dying unbap- 
tiie(fy which is wholly founded on thin 
chimera of Auftin^s. It would prevent 
the (ending for minifteri in large pa- 
riihes at unfeafonable' hours to baptize 
infants, often to the danger of their 
lives; and would pacify the immoderate 
grief of parents when the miniftcr hap- 
jpens to come too late^ and the poor in- 
fant is dead, who can feldom be con- 
ibled, whilft the church they belong to 
feems to condemn their poor infants to 
be loft for ever. 

One is much diverted to fee this wri- 
ter writhing himfelf into fo many fliapes 
t9 provethat the fign of the crofs in 
baptifm is not a popifh ceremony. Why 
he fliould be fo mightily concerned to 
whitewalh the pipifls in this reJpe|6l, it 
pretty appareni ; he muft own, however, 
that they have improved upon Tertullian^ 
for a truepapid tan do nothing without 
firft crofllng hiinftif. One word of holy 
fcripture however, would have %Lut\t fur- 
ther with pruttklants to recomhiend it, 
than all lUe fathers down from Tertulli' 
mn to father Fhillips» But as a pro- 
teftant, and a member of the church of 
England, 1 would beg leave to Aiggcft, 
that the ecclefialtical commiflioners in 
1689, came to this fpiritual agreement 
a^QUt tlic ufe of the fign of the crofs in 
baptirni, that if any nerfons after all, 
did in confciepce fciuple the ufe of it, it 
miglil be omitted, and they came to the 
fame temper about the pollure of kneel- 
ing at the other i'acrament. 

When our author prints again upon 
the fubjefl of baptifm, I would advife 
him to ibnd up for the necefTity of a trine 
immerfion. His fcheme will be very in- 
complete without it. The book ot the 
A^s of the ApoAlcu Mint us indeed, 

that It might be fufficient to baptife % 
child in the name of Jefut aluoc, be- 
caufe that comprize* that fuli^r form of 
words recommended in the do A of St. 
Matthew^sgofpel, baptiitagorMlmitiing 
them into the religion of Jefuf niora 
briefly; 01 more fully, into that reli- 
gion, which the God and father of all 
gave to men by his owi^'fon Jefiu Chrift, 
and confirmed by the miracles of his lioly 
fpirit. This is plain and jntcllig[ible» 
ahd the fame that 1 fupi>ofe all rational 
chriftians underftand by the words of our 
'Saviour in this phceof St. Matthew. 

He talks much of the pricft, and the 
peciriiar efficacy of what he does in the 
adn;ini(lration of the divine oniinancet. 
Unlefs he would il^nify by this, mafs* 
prieft, facrificer, he muft know that the 
word |s improperly ufcd by proteftants { 
Chrift alone being the only prielt now^ 
in the chiiftian church. The church of 
England in particular could never afcrib^ 
any' peculiar viitue to the/n'^ adminif- 
tering baptifm, heoaufe for many yearf, 
till the acceifion of James I. it allowed th6 
baptifm of the midwife in calirs of nccef- 
fity, and I never heard that any one doubt- 
ed of the falvation of infants who were 
thus baptized. Scripture. 

A Mrmeriaf prfjenttd to the late Po^ff by tk^ 
frenth AmLtJad(.r yfor the tota^ Fxtin/^ioit ^ 
the Socifty ofJtfaifSj ami the Se^uiar\fjtio» 
of ail who compoj'id it, 

HIS moft Chriftian mnjefty expeds from 
the piety of the ccnmon faihcr of all 
the faithful, that hi» holincfi will confider 
BO'ihing upon this imponanc occafion bur his 
own judgment, the uprigfatneU of his inted- 
tionn, and of councils diftatud by an enlij^hten- 
ed underftai^ing, by the true intcicfts of iKe 
church, by (j>e c^ndderation of ilie traiM|nir- 
licy of all the terriioriei fubjee: r.o die fpiri- 
tual authority of rhc fovcrei{;» poniilicate, knd 
by the apprebenfiuns cif ihofe mUfortunes 
which the experience of uhit hai hjppened 
in pafltKl timet ^ives ut rcafon to dreid a re- 
newal Of, if the JAfuiti arc fufijrcd to exift iji 
any part of the world. 

The king, as wellin his own brhalf at in 
concert wirh theirCathoiic aitd Siciiian majcf- 
tte»,chcrefbrc eiirneitly encrea;^ his liuitiHrft to 
extirpate without referrc. ancl \)riMi(>uc delay, 
throughout the whole world, tlie fucleiy of 
jefniis, and to fecuraltze al the iodividuala 
th^t compofe it, foihidding them in the moft 
exprefs manner to affemblc for the future. 
Of /orm any aflfxiaiion on any pretence whai'- 
foever. This requifition ought to be the mora 
farourably received by our hofy father the 
p^pe, as it 11 prefenctd to him by three mo- 
narchs ef{ually well acc^uiliv^ed with and zea* 
lous for every thing that can contribute to The 
perfonal glory of hit holiacfi, and ilie iraa- 

Sem 2^dem TravelUrt into EgH)^ eomparti. 

NcmkiiV Tmtli mie Egypt nrnfarnl 
• viilt Bi/b»p pDcockV. 
Mr. Vbiak, 

ON a lite penifil or Mr Nardtn'i 
travrlt, compann); hji account 
iririi bilhop Pocock') of the fiunc route, 
Icmldnotbtitvfondint the moremi- 
aott dcrcripriiini, and I doubt not 
Cmtcr accnney of the litter, *(ter the 
uvaurable opinion the public wat led 
tp entertain oFthe fornier,upon thelirft 
sppurucc of his book. The Bilhop 
lut been chamd with maluBB many of 
ku drlwing;* tram mtmory ; but ai he 
feemi to have Iiad mol-E leifure, and to 
kerc taken more paini in bit ex^rnina- 
lion of the different monumenti he de- 
&rib««, than Mr Norden, 1 ciumot Eive 
■pAcnlneof hitbookfoealilr The 
iceouoi of the ftatuc ofMemnon, com- 
1 hy Mr Nordcn to our Royal' 


' Society, was lUiipofed to have been t: 
>ewditcovcry ) but apoD the plofett n- 
vinr of the coiitroTerTiri I cannot Sod 
be haidone fo much u Dr Poeock, to- 
verda detetmining which of the Jiur 
faiue* wai the vocal one. Hiiarc«int 
of Lniorein ii very fuperfieikl i of C: 

makaa^rtiif. To ho«r linle pwpofll 
have the Reviewer* been employedi that 
they coold not correfl thii material 
Uuiider of the French editor 1 

How for a few worrit on the Itituei 
ofMemnon. Nordcnfayi, 'he hitd tea- 
Ton to be perfuaded (he two eoloQal one^ 
he drew, iwre not thofe Siraia fpdM 
of.' If hehadftiJ ihtywei-enot thofi 
Pbiltfiraiiu i>cak3 tiF, 1 ftiould hiM 
been ready to aOent to hini) tbo' I tlMIt, 
to Ibew that all the authort of antiquity 
Fpeak of the fame ftacuei. lioihing can 
better anfsver to Stratu'i defcriptio^ 
than thefe two coloOal ftatuM, Strabtf 
fayi, tliey conGAed oF one ftone eicht 
were near each other, (he upper part d^ 
one Jram ibt fiM liad been thrown 
down, and the lemaining halt'utterea 
the found. What layt BiUiop Pocock 
here f ' The two ftatues are 30 feet t- 
' part : the fouthernsioll ia of ont 
' ftoDe. [Thu he pttGtifely aflirmt 
' from two views of it] the other hit 
' been broken off at lie mdd/i, |boUt 
■ the arms that tie oil the hamt, and 
< built up again with five ticroFftones.* 
We fee hbrrt at once a material difference 

nac he fayi nothing, tbo' the Bilhop between Nordsn and Pococke, Noidert 

foond it to be part of the Scitc oF — "■ — *■- - '" - -— ■" -' 

TbebM, and ha^ given a very particutsr 
delbiption of two magnificent templet 
there, illuftrated from Strabo, which 
mclhiid of uniting anticni with modem 
defcripiion, it the only way to come at 
■ni|h. At Luxorein, the Bilhpp givcf 
■ very full accoiinl of thejialace and 

b of Ofymandnai 1 MrNorc 
two diftant viewt of the niini 
what it maft extraordinary is, that the 
editor of hii papers, in hit preface, at a 
fiteciraeD of his o^m fidelity, oUervIng he only Ciyi 
ihit Mr. NoirJen, in hit iL-marks on ' a place r 
GwLvci's account of thit firpulchreand 
HbtgeLiett cinU, hat referred iJie reader 
n bis dtfipii for the placa where the 
circle had been fixed, adila, ' he had 

< without doubt in yjew the iialh 
' plate, which reprcTenii the rvipt of 
* the Memnonium, and wheie wt fee a 
' figure dnwn on the ground verf much 
' i^eHihlin^ the print oF a circle : y«t 
' in die aothor's account of tlic plate, 

< we find not a word about it 1' I 
^uld recliy have wondeied to have 
found any thing aboot the frinl oF thii 
Crdc, In the Fand and at the foot of the 
Mcnuoniuin, wiien, if it tfifts any 
w^cre, it muS be in the low cbambfr 
■l-Xoxoreio, where Olymandna! 
bwied, and where ibe BiiSiop cou! 
£n4 it f ibo' wo have no leafon i>y Ftip- 

makeithem 11 pace* (i. e. not 10 Feet) 
afunder, and both cf j'ltitrBl blocki of 
ftone. If two curioui cravellerc, whi> 
fiw ihefe Hatuei the fame year, jnj 
neatly at the fan^e time, diffcrfo wide!/ 
in their account* of them, can we won* 
der if Philoftriiut, who took hit reJa- 
from report, it fo obFcure. Hit 

■ep< . 
only defcn'ption of the ftnlue will fuit either 
~ ofthefe! but he has been Uippofed h) 
place it in a different Fpot. I fonFefi t 
think he placet it in ibt leutflt 1 
that the temple (food in 
■ililing the ancient fiira, 
' (01 which there are no remaint in the 
' eariiercities) and that there were frag. 
' mentt of pillar*, and waUt, featt and 
f door-lillt, ^natiies of Mercury and 
' one of a be.-?r<i)fls mnn of black ftone 
' tomed toward! the fiiw.' Heie is np 
detrr«io^tc fj.ot where the Ritue of 
Memnon flood ; but n general 'iiti at 
ihewhole fcene ofruins; and from re- 
port too. (^offi) not the Icaft intima. 
tioD of the tiatuc's heinj; brokf, 'a» it 
certainly wat in Straba't time, who 
aftually faw if, ;is did Paofajiiat, In tlw 
fame ftate many yeira jfter, ar,d Iuve- 
fcnt into Eivypt hrjween 
i3» 11 therefore tiie Jjft 

- -.crlionj it it) thit II .to. 

BtUop could not PhilottratUtwioie CO yeartafirr P.iifj. 
leafon i,y fup- nia», from tnatniad :{A\t&«& Vi^ 

, whow 

"^ . (Otat. Mag, March 1-69.) i -r. 1 , 



Tbi AMtbenlidtf #/ Jofephus ixanUned. 

fsiy, whether hit olircrvatioiit arc hit 
own or burrowed a Howtrer, hit fileoce 
vtt(% any lictraiion in the ftatue, may 
i'nply ihat none had hapttencd ; nor 
flnll I icntple to affimiy that wimwcr 
luade thcftf obftrvaiiont; knew nothing 
of the matter, having miftakcn Egyf^ for 
HtbhpWt and the form* of Mercury fer 
f Ik head It fs hgtirei of OfirU, ddfcribed 
both by Nordea and Pococke. If if be- 
f^id that Piiny (N. H. TOiXvu 7.) tnd\ 
liiician in (in Tiu^.^) place tlie ftaCMiBf 
Menmon iv dilukro Serapii^ I ^uifucry 
tbde words mdy be iiiKlerftood ofidi*- 
circuit round the temple, at well at of 
tbe temple itfelf. It bat btcn urg^y 
that the true Aatut! of Menmon wiottM 
hardly be mhuled by cutting the iol^ripi- 
tiont on it.' Norden and Picmrd.Vay^ 
they are 00 the hreafts and legs, of both 
(latuet. Pococke on tbe iimcM aiai^ 
legs for about eight fect'hisbvisut not- 
clearly whether «n thole of both : be 
hat copiid them only from /wt lcgt» 
and *ti» j^lain the ftatue which hadrhem, 
aqd which he drew, wat what he took 
for Mcmnon. Now, not to infift on 
the impjobability of going m miUxQ out' 
on thit ftitue infcriptiopt relating to a- 
not her in or near the temple where there 
coTjld he no want of ftooet to tnfcribe^ 
I think the epigram on the haie it de- 
cifivc. This mention of the legt, ieadt 
me to ohierve, that the Bifhop leant to 
nuiiake the fcnfe of PhUeJIraiiu^ worda 
tT» £kmieiKtf, >t }f the ftatue*t legt were 
chfi to^rther^ according to the falhion 
/0 the time -of ■''Diedalut. *Tit well 
known that ahift' liiit fff orated the 
lejst of ftatues : and fuch it the Gtiiatioa 
of tbele ; not at hit lordihip agtiu 
millaket, making them with gmfoQl bs- 
fore tbe $tber, m therefore here figr 
nifiet after^ and ^vptB^Kuufmi express 
the free pofture of the feet» not merely 
their n^inif on the ground, at the La- 
tin and French tranflatort undcrftaad 
it. Another curiout circumftance a- 
bout the found uttered by thit ftatue 
we have from an old fcholiaft on Juve- 
nal, who fayty that Cambyiet, who 
broke it in two, eftntd it, to fee if thcjre 
wat any mechanifm conceaJed vithiit. 
Btafuam opi^uit^ ratus mechemicum mIp* 
fuidimtmi latere. I lay no great ftrefe 
pn thit ftory, nor on the frnfe oimperuit 
here, which may only imoly, that Cam* 
hyfcs fancii'd it waA hollow } but if it 
reklly was fo, a genfle droke on it with 
a piece of luetal hy fome of the priefte 
who were in the (rcret« might produce 
a liktf found with that which the cham- 
ber ami farc«^baju« ui ^ gr^t f JUb) 

mid returned to Dr Shaw. [Tn 
p. 4ti.] And by Ibme fnch methc 
thit, theflatue wa» made Xo utter 99 
according to Lucian. [Vol. II. 3 
One of the infcriptiont given b) 
Pococke importt, that fince it 
broka the (bundt were feeUer ; v^ 
fm^7» fSitfufU. Ae many of 
inlcnptiont at ai«- datedi are of 
driinr*t time, and probably all tbe 
And« Dio Chry (oAom, who flout 
under Trajstn, afirmt [Orat. y 
31 8.] that there wat no inicriptio 
the bafe, the epigram ntay be o 
£inie date. [V. Lcichii. Carm. Sep 
Our Engiiih tranflator of Nor 
^^^Mik, very gravely fayt, < What 

* the ftory of thit vocal ftaiui 

* g;itateft credit with mc, it the ai 

* rit;r of Tacitut, who fayt Crertfee 

* aiuetjmqutmiraculirintewdnm 
< qmnm pracifua /mere MeiK 
' fcucem e0fsest ubi rsdiis fiHe U 
' v6ca/em6/timretSieuf, But it 

* ry poiKbk that Tacitua might 

* given too g^reat credit to the n 

* of Germhntcut.* Unfortunate 
doct not appear from Tacitut, that 
manic us made anv report at allv o 
tended to have beard thefonittl. 
had better have quoted Strabo ft 
purpole. But thit, and- the gvoft 
take of Mr Norden*t obvioua me 
about the rockt ftruck by Mofee 
I, p. 44. Svo Edit.] where any on* 
fee that the wordt like kimd rdfer 1 
nature of the ftone, are but few i 
many exceptionable things I conld 
out in thit tranflation, where the 
wretched (chool-hoy Engkfli di^ 
aa elegant %vork« 

/4Mi» Yewrs^ &€. I 

HugTlAKA» Ceuiimiedfiremf. 

On tbe AutbcMticitj ef Jofefbi 

THE reftoring the worka of 
phut it one of the moft 
and moft di&ult enterprizet t 
man well verfed in (acred literatu 
underuke. Jofeph $caliger, wh( 
faid, had fuch a defign, would 
been equal to it, if he had knonvi 
to check the licentioufoeft of hii 
je^luret. - Samuel Petit, roinifter c 
met, died while he wat engaged i 
work. He had a great fund of a 
learning, Hthiew, Greek, andKt 
but hit genius was confined^ an 
mnGut julUy mentioned him in 
temity « M. Petiij literally petit^ 
fppsi ffl^f^* M. le Mffim 

fit Aahmtki^ tf 


^li^ed tbt works of JoXcplius, mik* 
fa^ k the pcindpil ha&m£% of hit life. 
Uftffir<}iicalJy coaimu&icaM to nve hitf 
Mtanoani ia regard to At Uloftratien 
•f thai author. But whelhtr it wm 
omig to hit not hiving written dews 
hit »o«ghts» (if t am inclined to 
lUak> when hfi wm rorpnM by death, 
hr to ins writtag hdng afierward« pur- 
loiacd, at I was informed %j hit heirs, 
^mt tiave little hopes ol profiting by bit 
iadies. "Mr Bernard^, an EngliAi- 
nan, ildo died while he wai engaged in 
the (knie dsfign. He wis a man of a 
profbuad and extenfive knowledge, fa- 
guif^t *A<1 judgement, I know not 
whai pmg ie fc be bed made in that 
werki but fevery produdSon of his 
onaht to foe prefinired. 

He defied me in one of hit hift let- 
Sin to confnkthe MS 8 in the king*s 
libracy oa foaw palfiiges in that author. 
I did fo, and tncreby difcovered that 
theee have been two editjoat of Joft- 
phus very different from each other. 
In the NauiLeaHOt which were publiih* 
ed a fov years ago, M. Naud^f it 
Aippofed to fay, that < tkat author is 
/KiVv^ nrrupud,* IF he (Vylct the 
variations above mentioneit cofruptUitSf 
be has cxprcfl^d himfcif improperly. 
At this rate there would be few authors 
that have not been corrupted, (ince there 
affc few that have not various readiftgs. 
Thofe are often owing to the fault of 
tsanAnibert} and fometimes to the li- 
centioufners of critics; and Tome au« 
thors, both ancient and modem, have 
frequently published two or three edi- 
tk>ns of trie fame work. It is vrell 
known that Juftinian having publilhed 
the firft edition of hit Code, save a (e- 
cond, ^^rz years after, revised, correft- 
ed, and enlar|;ed-by fifty deciAons, and 
that this CoSt is entitled. Co^Ux rtft* 
fit^ pr(gle:6omt. What follows in the 
ifoMd^oMM is equally liable -to objefti- 
«m t • The modent Jews bav4 a Jtfe- 
^hus ^fity different from otirs, in ivbicb 
gi great deai 4s Jfuriome." tf thefe ate 
really the virords of M. Naudc, he 
meant without doubt, a Hebrew verfum 
oif the Greek text of Joft^hus^ which 
we are alTured, it in the Vatican library. 
Baronius, who, by hit place of libra- 
rian of the Holy See, wat the keeper of 
I ■■ ■ I ■ I ■ ■ r 

* See Vol. xxxTii. p. 578. 

f Gabriel, cioon of Verdun, Card. Ma- 
earin't librarian, fl(c. He died at Abbevilie 
Ibna after hit return from Stockholm, hairing 
^ Jbrhed ihithtiby QjOaiUM Jn 165^ 



that lihiaiy, lad m«ft have knosvn what 
bookt were in it, and who, in other rei^ 
peAs wat never charged with difliotielk 
ty, his quoted thit verfioni Catauboa 
haa endeavoured to* invalidate hii(tc-fti- 
mony { but foms learned protcftants, 
who have ften that work in the Vatt- 
«aa, haife juftificd the cardinal f. 
Though it cannot be Aippofed that t hie 
hlAoiy is that which he vrroie in He- 
brew of the Jewifli war, und which he 
afterwards wrote in Greek, a» fiufebius 
aflcrtt, Hifl. Eccief, 1. 3, c. 9. on the 
authority of Jofepliut himftlf. Nor is 
it men likely, at GenciKand imavinety 
that the Hebrew hi dory which we nave» 
Aiould have been compofed by Joi^phus 
the fon of Gorion, and the Greek by 
Jofephat the fon of Matthias, who 
were contemporaries, fince it is evident 
that this pretended fon of Gorion was 
much aaoie modem than the other. 
The Hebrew hiftory of JoTephus the 
fon of Gorion cannot paHi for a tranAa* 
tioB of the Greek hiftory of Jof^his ) 
as we may be convinced by reading it« 
Far there we'^lhid the Franks and the 
Goths; there we find the names of 
Tmrs, Chiaok, and Antbai/e net as they 
are ftiled in books of i'amc antiquity, 
but iuch as they are ftiled at this time. 
We meet there with French, and even 
Temraf^emm, It abounds with fuch 
ahAirdiiiea and groft blouders, that it 
is amasine that Munfter, a nian in other 
refpeAs of great fagacity, ihuuld have 
been deceived by it, and net have ob- 
fervod that this impoftor did not cvesi 
coniuit the original Greek of Jofephus, 
plainly for want of underftanding it, 
and has adhered to the tranflation of 
R^fiaua. He has made great afe of 
Chrittan writers, Latin, Trench and 
Italian, fi^itig deliroua t^ pafs for Jo- 
fephui, he lliles bimleif Jvfefjmi the 
jkn ^' O^mn, confounding this JoiiDi* 
phot with Jcfepbus thej^ rf Matthias^ 
and making them the Ume individual, 
th«Ji«gh thry are clearly diiliugtii/lied ia 
Jofephtts himfcif. The Itupidity of 
the modern Jews is fuch, thei they ra- 
ther chui'e to blind themftlves, and to 
let their <:yes be put out by the heinous 
faults of that author, th'in to dete^ 
his impoAure. Leptifculut has brought 
to litfht another Hebrew hiflory, whhrh 
is omy an abridjgmcnt cf this, tliotigh 
fome con trad ifl ions may be found iu 
them, and though thtlr ftil? is very dif. 
ferent; the Aile of the abridgment be- 



%4 pahle tf/Hdrculcs— 5/ PauFi 7rtf«&.— Gcrmall LdHgUa^il 

ng ni9rt Rabbinicali ind that of the 
iftorjT more Biblical. 

The fcbii qf littCM\t% fwattowed by 4 
Fijb^ is tbi tiftofy if Sanipfon rxM- 
mpured <witb Dalilah. 
J know not how I forgot to mentioOf 
In my E'vmngtUcal Demon/lration^ thtt 
the fable related by Lycophron and o- 
tbcr ancient authors, of Hercules be- 
ing fwallowed by a fea-doe, and kept 
three days in hit boweU, from whioli 
he came out with only Uic loft of hit 
hairi is the hillory of Sampfon abforbed 
In the love of Dalilah, wno cut off hit 
. hair in order to deprive him of hit 
ftrength ♦. 

St Paul foiionvifig the occnpoHott of it 

Temt makir. 

. We are told, in the A^s of the 

Apoftlesy xviii. 3. that St Paul exercif- 

tod the craft of tent making, and got his 

Iivelihood by it. He lays himfelf, that 
\€ Utb^nred tAtith bis vwm bands might 
and day tbat be migbt not be ebargHUfle 
to any one^. Diogencr Laertius writes, 
fhat the pbilofopher Menedemuir, tho* 
defcended from a tioble and ancient fa- 
mily, followed the fame trade. We 
know, that parents were obliged at 
Athens to teach their children fome 
trade by which tlity might gain a lite- 
lihood J { and that the law which oblig- 
eii children to maintain their poor pa- 
rents, difcharged from this duty, fuch 
children as had not been inftru^M by 
their parents in anv trade. The Athe- 
tiiant took this cuftom from the Jews §, 
and even at this da> fome well regulat- 
ed cities in the neighbourhood of France 
allow not to any one, of what quality 
foever, the rights of a burgefs^ till he 
htts made choice of fome trade, and 
been matriculated in the books of the 
company. Beiides, it wa^ the cuftom 
at Athens for pv^btts of diftiqAion who 
had many Haves, to employ them on 
certain manufaflurcs v.-hich produced a 
confidrrable revenue. The father of 
pcmoAhcric^bail a workhoufe for the 
sutlers Under faim, from whence he was 
fuinamcd the cutler, Juvenal, Sat. x. 
V. t^c, reprefents him as a blackfmith 
beating hit anvil, and all btfmeared 

with coals ( but Satire di lights to black- 

w^ ■ ■ I I ii ■ ■ ■» ■ ■ 

^ StO'>c>t parr of ihii fible ac le\% fecms 

rr.oif F.miJjr to !hc hiftoiy of Jonih. 
■f 1 . Cor, iv, ijt. k Iheff. ij. 9. t Theff. 

T Me'ir^. TTt^Hi!*. A'tic. 1. 1. r, 1, 
i Sy^i r^. Cri^. in \t\. >;viLi. 3. prufias 
A Kt.vMLt hi eutid, hjupt. 

en every thing. Sidoniu t Apbllmarit ^ 
has followed him in thit particiilar. 
The poet Sophocles, who held the ftoM 
rank as Pericles and Thucydidet in di# 
command of the Athenian arrotca, was: 
the fon of a man who carried on tW 
fame bufineft of cutlery by hia flafca | 
and the author of his life tu-get the con- 
(ideration of his great eraploymentt tm 
confute the calumny which feigned IdaB 
the fon of a blackfmith. 

Tbe agimty of tbe Germam Lamgoi^^ 

witb tbai rftbe Per ans, 
. It has been long remarked that Am 
German language has a great affinity 
with the modern Perfian, with regard 
both to the ir.fiedtions and words. Juf- 
tus Upfiusf has colleaed fome of 
them. Enquiry is made for tlie caufo 
of this conformity : It may be acconnt- 
ed for from their comtnon origin^ tht 
Scythians. The Indians^ who cam# 
from the fame fource, and whom the an- 
cients called ladO'ScytbianSf kept much 
o: (he fame language; and thofe In* 
dian phiafcs which Ctcfias has preferved, 
are iiill found in the I modern Periian 

But I obferve on the other hand, tbat 
the Medes lent colonies into Germany* 
Herodotus, 1. v. c. 9. fays, that the Si- 
gynes, wbo dwelt beyond the Danube^ 
and border on the country of the He« 
netet who poflefs the coaft of the Adri- 
atic fea» that is to fay^ of the Venetians, 
declare that they are defcended from tha 
Medes, and cloath themfelves alter. 
their faihion. Can it feem ftrange, that 
thefe people having retained the memo- 
ry of their origin, and the drefs of their 
anceftors ihould alio retain their Ian* 
guage ? 

Croatian Hotfes, 
Herodotus iays in the fame place^ 
that the horfes of thefe Sigynes are co- 
vered with briftly hair, flat nofed, too 
weak to bear a rider, but of vcrv great 
fwiftnefs, when hamefled to a chariots 
This is an exa£l defcription of that kind 
of horfes which we call Croats, and 
are brought to us from thofe quarters* 


^hf Garland of Jidia, 

Love never invented a gal lantry more 

iflgenious, more polite and uncommon 

than the garland with which the duke 

de MontauHer entertained Julia of An- 

^ Carm. li. Paneg. id Amhenium, r. 187^ 
He Carm xxiii. Narhonxr, v. 142. 
f Epift. ad Belg. Cent. 3. Epift. 44. 

Gartani of ]vt\k.-' Imperial Crown.— Fault in Vii-gll. 125 

ba*e no other lover but him. Not. 
withftandinK thw, ihe dukede Moa-^ 
laitlier openly made his addreiTea to her, 
and with a great deal of warmth, M« 
gave hit miltrcri for a new vcar't eift, 
on the firft day of one oFthe year* 
vliicb followed the Heath of Guftavu«i 
that ingenioui garlamd of which I haf* 
been fpcaking, M, Chapelain, w 
whofe lot the /M/fnWCf-ft'wii fell, mada 
the following madrigal on thai flower. 
The flower iiletf ii fuppofed to fpeak 

pnnei ont new yeat't day, while he 
" r hit iddreffei to her. He 

k painted feparatdy, in water cot ouri, 
b* an mMnenthand, ox piefei oFvellum 
of the fame fiit. He ordered them to 
I be ft contrived, that there Oiould be 
I room enough it the bottom of each fi- 
I rois to write a madrigal on the fubjefl 
*f the flower there painted, and io 
prsije of Julia. He then delired the 
1 win of that time, (of which almofl all 
I were hit frieodt,) to undertake the 
I tmring of thefe pieces, after having 
rderred ■ good number of them for 
hiinlelf. He caufcil iM proper madri- 
gal to be written under each flower, by 
I i man who wat then in high repute for 
Ihe beauty of hi» penmanlbtp. Tbefe 
lacta afterwards all magniliceDtly bound 
L- U)Rtber. He had two copiei made €s- 
) afflj alikai Mdior wUch «M endif- 
I dm ftbutof Snutife kalhir. TUi 
1 «M dw pMnt -miA Jtiln femid on 

dty i<13t or >'l4) (^ it *ni tbota 

I smr tkc death of Gnftartia king of 

8*«deii. I mention tliia era becaura 

' it ii reurked in the mftrisl crtttm ', . 

which it ana df the floWtra la thu nr- 

Umd. Am I had heard much, of it by 

Suae, I kad Infoentl; defired to be it { 

■■d it bad boat often nrMufed nte^ 

\ Hat M kaglh Ibc dutehen of Utec w« 

, feaUisiaB m to mm nw tUi plaafiiR. 

Ow aftemooB M lixm ■> we had dine^ 

! flwIcKked ateupin herelofawitb the 

I farfanrf.- She wvnt aftctwardi to wait 

m tha ifiMo. and did nof ideafe om 

>n*daft. Ifcareeetrer Q|iebt aB 

veablj in all nV life. 

The L^irisl Ctvwm i» witbont dif- 
SRiB the fincft flower and the itiaft 
bnatfnl ntadrigal in the fftrlnd af 
Jalin. M. Chapdain f *»• the aaiha> 
of it| and ^a ia what Voimra bttad- 
«dB» fntinate, w&cn b U* LtUtn ha 
enidn trim, Ptrt d» Im PaetUr, m^vitr 
A Ja O^rnsr U^trUb. In order .» 
afedtoftmd it, h u to be obfind tW 
Jiina of An^nm* wu !■ the floaai of 
■er bean^ aad rcpatatloo, liAeq GnT- 
dtoakinf of Sweden wijsed war with, 
fach wandciful fnccefi in GernHuaj. 
Jalia ti&d ta expreft a bj^ -j— :_.:_ 

I the perfon of the king of Sweden. 

Jtfttii (t PriKct ghriiux. Ve. 
M. Chapelain having formerly given 
mea eopy of thii madiigal, I had got it 
Iiy heart. One day in a large aflemblv 
at ihe duke de IVloniaulier'i, I was de- 
liitd to repeat it ; I did fo j and afm 
al! flie company had been laviih in in 
praifei, I took notice that I had oiiftr»- 
ed a fault in i^ which it would hat'^ 
e^ to aenA. Efcrj oae — if ilrfroM 
to dilbover it, and for thai pomaft At- 

fiml Me ID wiib it dawn, it ps£4 tfcM* 

all thrir haadi, ahc by one, yet no bo^ 
could 'hit npoo the fitilt. I then k- 
peated ibeTe fotir linei, and ^fired thev 
wDDid Tcfleft upon ihem i 
f >on> djaaat reajmi abei* triatei'a peMt 

Where all tha fta with ice I* eoWda'arl 

I toma^ the mrch ot Love mr atrj r^fa?- 

I COHM, tmrivafd JelU to adoia. "^ ' 

Batitarbeinf ftiliai alpfl^Iaftad 

gdi how it wa« peffiUa fbcjMt M ' 

fMUaftA m fia timt tear « 

. XLV. 

•—»• tritiaffcalti ■• - • 

of tha «aanife. af that prince 
hed^piAare in her dnfiig m 

__ .' men of the neatet n. 

Dtoa.- Virgil, with all hia wilileai ud 
anvmS^tSyen^ bai camaiitted aa oMi 
mil man obviooi, where he eoatnana 
Oipbeaa laaienting hit dor Enrydice M 
the NighliDgale bewailiu Ae loA af 
her tender brood I 
ta ^JP^^<£mmmiPt»m^ttwaM 
ar ^mtfBinrf^mfmntavmmw 
» , aidant »•* / a yha r t dinaiii -, niOa 
tat FhatOm, ramfufiikti mijirabiu txma 

Seaeath Ae mtu bade, bet childi en gone, 
Tim BKnna the modiernigbiine«le •lonai ■ 
Whole oeA foma prjiog had ioinaL 

and thence 

Htr'h-n-M'nntrihr nn fcirtaiViieaajiMa. 
ne li<e-lai« Blfbt fta waiWn looh b« 

Ha firt vkM hac toft vatec ««» 

tzf |>/^«M5r4fHaw)!W«.-'fl'W #»»/«»». 

ftbe^Ur meet tttgetliu r 

Dighnarj tf Hfljebitt, 

Tbe 4iaiaiiU7 of ff«rrcbh» If I 

celleAioii ef ill the diKciUt, finrec. 

AMUftr) lii'd imgulv wordi which a 

Jhidiwi ma fau ismiriud in all th^ 

antitet Oriek autheti, tij|>l)intd >nd 
^iMdin ni alphabetinl onljEr. f e« 
«lettU (^ Akt ftin are to V "^ ""t^ 

In tboft authon batwb^ "* bera 
MtprcM. Wt may htnby Ibrin a 
Itwineat of ibe oftfobert of thi* ^rork, 
Mt'*M Ac, at tbt fame tine, ibc dilfi- 
Ariiy of it t how' liable it wu vt \h\ 
titvrt t^ tTwi{brib«ri lud the liceuti- 
MfiM^ 'tf crafnmailan.i, anil thar it 
<!Ui'&e dAful only to tliofe who ara 
tiijamigbl^ nrftil in breck Icirnipg. 
Pnn^iA»i a n'lan wtio Lad' not coirc^^ttd, 
Af i^ 'nit palTiges in wu 
IfA tKouiht a good critic. The Duich 
^^ll^B'laS, wlthD\ It doubt, clcaicd it 
fHntt maiit' faults, but nut from all, 
afld' it liur h« qiieftioncd whether iu 
Sdm placn it lu^i nut addtd new onci. 


LOOKING 0*er> tbe othii ^y^m 
Cali;hgve ef ffpertd, lihrarUi. 
•a/bkb f/t^pn' to HJm v Tutfd't^ lit 
HlbB/FiSruan 1769,01; B«)'. H^bn^'i, 
^'fhrOft'iWaJ PI FfftlJJrfrf, LoM- 
1/* jT^s gTMtly furprifei) lo find a- 
iriwigftthe'qusnoS. itp. 4j,No. 14J3, 
riw tolluwing arlick, vii, ' Thaunti 
' (Valclti dO Pr^aiM ooi Philoiuum 

• aicitur-l«pr<f«M {'(J'if- '•''J'- 

* gin^j^'yrikl—i^bir Fpor il- 
thotfgH'twrt (ras been i long and fa* 
niWiribhtrcVcrty among* the leainej 
cSMtWIilUfe tli Iti-ventst- p/ fi^ iiwgi 
lififuf arty' Prinlini, and tlieir ojiini- 
uM «*!« be* n rarioiii ln"rtxing rfr^ /.««• 
™i/», md r^^ f/.-(ff ■u'*ir'-/ it i-.1ip-Ji 
*rs3ifi4i 'ytt'K feemi how to be prttt? 
welt aBTMa that itwai firll anem]3tti 
byytbl^GiilMairg, and John t,^ al 

i^ttf*.' Ahd^eVtn thdK'that cafry it 

tht fiithe? nick. pt«j "" ^« ia tll« 

y«ir »'*»1(t* ".9'" go 1 ttojewber tB 

J*'?te rtideniradefiredtoeonruli t cU- 

iWt dineri.«ioii on ■ e^iiljr "fe in tha. 

GeW.Ml(i;lVnl.««ta.p.jto,« feq, .Ifo 

CHrtil«i«'t (liilionMy. miek jW-iwii«;, and 

Anifi'i ifxj Pilmer'i hillprj- of FiiMini;. 

f ' The rbrfoBi of pottrng thi diiet of 

' ^usJbaokiUtha cod Bf liKia, wat ta.- 

ha« fjen iri ady treat^fe op (lii| lUj^ 

the naijie 'of ^y: C/iy^, aiponAHfli^ 
of the aadntprinttri. I-ftainorhar 
milling any further teraark* upon t^ 
aln>*» tutraardi^arj Tlllt, havioe m 
Opporiuniij of examining thf ?•*! 
(4rhiih I think m^iti ike atientloD ^ 
tV jlKifaaruu Strietj. ) Bui if ioinf 
of your coirtljjondeiir*, who can coo- 
venienily inlntfl if, and are eonvtrtan| 
in cJiefe ftudiei will gi^ie us thtir H^W- 
iWnU (if iHis T/pogriphlell aati^iwiy. 
a wHi, (I doubt not) oblige lli»njf (J 

' •{ tW *ifUw and ivxf igfir (b n<T Kf- 

* *»."?;*' fnr ■« bewftoftvueifrt; 
' BUnlnitpt 11) e>pii«i ktlen, cuhei Qtra 
■ d^ l^^vhiiA lib » proftfU dite in^ 
' laatntheMthandJbHthei^'oBe'oD^W 
' be OMtiMt, left be be led Into n qihir } 
' ft» ftvenl mtnaferlFti at ibfe end IM! « 
' due, whiefe aajr 1m andariknd (t fi)|a>i 
' of tha tine, when ihofp indliidaal ca|iid» 
' vera wrnien ; wbmai (b«r ody aodl^i 
' ibe iip>e, ^^ ib« aitflMc GpilUdL bU 

' Vfprk ; and taokf of thfre dai^ t^rWC^ 

* been nrintfd&OD tfif n.aDuftrgfi, l|)i% 
' deixit-ed tcttnX curiou* a 

" " ! fi^ 

' heMai, fcnte'dtlw in sncicrii 'p"B'l^i 

* wif a book printed in the beclnnisg or 

* ibe i6(h eenntj, in Iht librarr belonfibi^ 

• (o Che ^MVn m-fan «c r}>/>r/, nMM' 
' f^M pTCWddi to 4 or joo ^eiri^ aje t t 
' 7>J'«) J^nei wai oooe Ottvo himbjr Ml 
' l4iItiwM, ■ hookbUar, priiKet al MeM. 
' »>'b«aCndwii,-l™?fl««i>neDfui«- 
' iofteadsfy^tdccill,! for, lbs wi|if» Ifc. 
' ncn'Mtifd, i> (Lea living in tC^Mi 41j 
' rtmpr/mtr't Jt Pam 1 our' ai(ib^T)i4 4, 
' hnoaVhcreinfiinfMafl other natl'itli'oBe 
' " " -'-■ ~ ihe end of V"*- -'■— 

I miftijie, tbo 
the fiiraier \ ._ 

• it* thtfa ^Ucii apmjittim Enee ^rtvU" 

< dt Jmtti Jtu^tittt tm Criuir ItfMl^ 

• JMt D«telar«f|(w cccc aiJal'd^^lb'. 
' MffiLanHf now, tbauRh £4hftaI^<Mll> 

< u bv cte I>i*ce where It wu priacad, >ek. 

• luittonabcibetiDW; Ibi, ia* hefbna* 

' W^jWUjli/iafM-eMsjiJd'WfjM.^flim., 
' Syltiui'wii eleftcd Pope ttttbf.nivaoEr 

' P/mI:;AD. fist. and dicd^.D.^ifiu 
' TOW, it miT feem prohiWe, tK« if dll^. 
■ nft wai pnmed iCinhiicleaSoa.atfil(l- ' 
» i»6fe.f.I>. I463.''re*'-n«*tnhlldeceil&,' 

• hi( papa) dicnky niiF,ht have been reitiOB* 
' band ) if it bajud,»d la tiate been prtmeJ 

• ba(i»ahiialean>n,auTautt»r knowaaoa» 

' ttw ntll allOT of priniinc k. Lo^t or ' 
' ecanii Ijf, to very earlr.' 

put. riamf. No. IRK. BaJdam't alrt^- 
MMlVol.Vi. t>. «<ib, ii^';. 

Mei^rtm BxtHip^s—CMvtrfditek in thi K. B. 127 

meroni nulmi but mm t[- 

StK, Tmt tiimiU firvaut, 

■Hht- Rowlahp itoviK. 

%0r WMIUD, Maty Bntvotdt 
bidcIJTCnd a \.\tt%ufDitu a 
}f 1 female child, ^tc'r the ufual 
F gtAiiion, which npiRJ tw* 
hd u half tfrsrwudi, 
ng the time it lived, M. M'rr 
d that tht navel-ftring, which 
11 ffcurcd bf I lintuTc three or 
;he« front the belly, did teniil- 
tcmilly at the bottbiti of 3 raem- 
■ poufh or bag, quite white mud 
, II wi) the Di*e] firing itfclf. 

Swai nine or ten inches diamc- 
, M it wat, with the fcTera] 
a which had been forced out. 
ice at the navel wu not more 
I loch and a quarter, 
1 hit fi)iiecnne gently the rup- 
; waf certain that the membia- 
i^faeld within it rcToil parti of 
it kind), though he could not 
lilh which they -were till ifirr 
Id wa) dead. Tp fatiify bimtclf 
I thii, he cut open the inclolihg 
mne ; whereupon he law the 
Irrrr, the ra]l-bladder, the Tplcen, 
dtch, and alt the intillinei wert 
it. The lareer gut* hud a dt- 
from (he right lo the left, con- 
it tjie nicurar order. The fpleen 
9 to (he bottom of ti)e Aomach ) 
'the right tide there waino caul, 
idtfey*, the caffuU eirffhiliara, 
trix and bladiler, were all within 
Ufalch, where yet they rftained 
ef|fe^ve and ufual poniiona, 
ht* firft furpriw, when he faw 
it, fpleen, Itomach and inteftioci 
the belly, bf concejired, lh« 
iVnal parts had been by fonie ac- 
fbrceJ throogh the navel, and 

iU« growth of them; Tbitcon* 
% however, wat foou given up, 
■d eoBfideredj that in the human 
I imcr anr cjcompbaloe obROMi 
brimth, which ii not covered by 
te of tbc bcl)y, which dilatn 
![■»/ apeitUre, at doei the peri ■ 
■>ivfcen conjoined vrith the nave! i 
t h* concluded iJie improbability 
^^^in oueltion bainjthe oeO, 
i,'AJ(^ nyitt dilatation hadtbr- 
le c^fute of the dilplaced pun* 

the navel made ao part of it. Befidet, 
the aperture of the navel, an inch aiMl 
quarter tn dianiEier, without uy lac^ 
ralioii of the periioneua, much ihinocr 
than the Ikin, fi^eincd tohinimpoffiblet 
but the thing which quite cleared him 
of hit fitft pKJudiec wai^ that whan im 
canwtaeziminetheraid baginMecav*» 
filly, hefoonperceiTed It to became 
poIM of two diiliafi pant fepanble from 
eacli other, u the chorion from th» 
amnioi) froqi whence he concluded for 

is well known to be'abrolutely'fin^t; 
but froni the expanfion of the ment 
branei of the placenta, which by th«i« 
union conftimte the body of the nmlH- 
lical cord. Both umbilical arteric* a^ 
rofe from Iliaei, and the urachui frai* 
the bottom of the bladder. 

Explanation of the Figuret. 

Fie. J. A. the EEomphaloi. B., tfa* 
umbilical cord. C. the appeanocM of 
the umbilical velTeli. 

^*f' 4" The umbilical cord lepte^ 
fented morn at large. 

Jl^ dMihttaie 4'c*tuit of a ttrfitrfatiam 
that laliljf bappfncd in tht Xiiig'i 
Bemeb /ri/o«, litfuietn Mr ITilttt ani 
a Cntltmaii,farm4riji ant ^ bit MeJ( 
mlimatf fritaJi. 

THIS gentlcmao had fereral timet 
called on an honeK bookrellei ijt 
Piccadilly, a friend of Mr WiJkea, ta 
defire hioi to came to the King'* Benck' 
to inttut Mt W. not to prcfcnt a peti- 
tion to the Koufe ot Commona, for tb4 
coxfeqiience mult be thGlplaof hii feat, 
fiohi the rcfentment of the uiiiiiltry. 
The honeft boDkrdkr refurcd to comv 
on tbat mefTage. The placeman ha4 
nereroQcebeen to fee hia uld fiiind in 
piiloa finc9 hit ciiminlunent In April,. 
till Sunday eveniig, the i';ih ot' No- 
vember, the day bcftiitthe petition w»« 
prefentcd. The aiteitipi by the hoajt- 
fcller faiiing, he ventured himfelf in 
the dulk to t^Wy the nmndntei of hit 
mafter. Ife introduced hiinrdf will) 
the moft fuIfiHiu: and tejiuut prafelli. 
oni, the moll unncccffiir^-andriJiiiulout 
among real friendi. He tlwn declared 
what flcaft(re he (bould hire fuund in 
coming frrauentlytotjir King's Bench, 
that lie could not pau hi« lime fu wriL 
at with Mr Wilkes, and tjiat he would 
have facej] often there, could ha have 
been really iifcful lo hi* fiiend. He 
ulked warmly aKaiiitt tbe iwtfnikd 
meafure of prafentvnit a \i«\t\a«\D'ftv% 
04"^^ of ' CoivirTOt i.«i.B'\aitim?, -it 


'■"— - . -I 

Rmarks m the CaitoerfatiM in the R, B. 

irievtDcety and dtclartd he knew, if 
Mr Wilket would be quiet, he might 
Jcecp his feat$ if he prefented the pe- 
tition, he would certainly lofe it. He 
flarncftly entreated Mr Wilkei togiv^ 
up the petition, and to keep hit uat, 
.the honour and advanuge of which he 
painted in ftrong colours. Mr Wilket 
defired the authority for fuch direft af- 
fertions. The placeman declared that 
he fpoke in the name of the M-*ry ^^^ 
that he woul4 promife, if the petition 
was not prefented, no attempt fliould 
be made in parliament againft Mr 
Wilket. He was then afked by Mr 
Wilkes, if he would promife for the 
great man as f— ft M— -^r, or as D. of 

1^—, for the D— of P had found 

how little the promifes of the D— > of 
■ were regarded by the f— ft M — r, 
No anfwer was maoe to this. Mr 
Wilkes then declared, that he thought 
it his duty to every man in this country 
to prefent a petition of fuch general 
concern, complaining of fo many un- 
paralleled grievances, that he would not 
ieli the rights of the people, and his 
own, even for a feat for the firft county 
in England, that he hdd that feat at 
the free will of hisaonftituents, and re- 
fufed to hold it at the arbitrary will of 
any minifter ; that he was highly fcnfi- 
ble of the private honour to himfelf, 
but he felt ftill more for his country j 
that on no terms would he have given 
up the petition, had they bevn ottered 
before his laft addrefs to the county, 
but thr.t now no propofal ihould have 
been irade to him, which could even 
fuppoie that bneach of faith. In the 
courfe of a long converfation, Mr 
Wilkes obferved, that he did not look 
Qtk a feat Jn parliament as the end, but 
as the means $ that he wifhed to repre- 
fent the county of Middlefex, in order 
to be more eminently ufeful at a fober 
.time of life, but if he could be more 
ufefttl by giving up his feat, he would 
then Eive it up, and he would always 
hold his head by the fame tenure. He 
irepeated feverat times, that he was em- 
barked to defend the rights of the peo- 
ple, which he would do at any riik, 
without a wi(h to encroach on the fair 
claims of the crown, that he had been, 
and (liould be, ever ready to make any 
fufomiflipn to the king, which was even 
hinted from authority, although he was 
not confcious of the intention at any 
time to have offended his foverei?n, but 
that he never would make ap{>rication 
for pardon to a minifter \ that if mercy 
)^at extended tp hini, he hi^pecf he 

fliould be permitted to throw himftlf tf 
the king*s feet to acknowledge his ma* 
|efty*s goodnefs $ if it was not, he btd 
long borne the ftorms of fate, and hit 
fnind was ipade to adverfe fortune i an4 
although he felt his imprifonment and 
all his perfecutipns as a man, he would 
alfo bear them as a man, and vrauld 
come out of prifon a better man than 
he went in, 

I have now, Sir, given you the wholo 
of the conv#dation petweexi the placet 
man and Mr Wilkes, relative to the 
political meifage. Very little pafledf 
which was not particularly attended to 
by the gentleman, who accompanied 
the placeman. I believe h» wnl not 
fcruple to fay, that Mr Wilkes's decla- 
rations were firm and manly, and that 
they betrayed neither peeviflineft nor 
de(pair. I have ftated what paCfed free* 
ly and fully. Not a word v^as menti<- 
oned of any meafures of violence or 
faction. I fhall only add, d^U Mr 
Wilkes faid, after the late affair, in a 
numerous aifembly, He has ceafed to 
be my friend, but I continue hit ; Agr 
nofco *peteriji 'vejiigiafiammm. 

I am. Sir, fount &c» A. B* 

7Tf£ foUoiving StriSures on tbi ahovs 

Confirence appeared in the papers § 

fetv dcyt after the publication, 

^T^HE letter containmg the particulara 

^ of a conference between Mr W— ea 

and a gentleman formerly his intimate 

friend, appears to be written by 

Mr W — r- himfelf. I fliaU Uke no 

notice of the barbarous manner in 

wiiich Mr W-r— treats his friend \ 

my attention is engaged to a much 

more fcrious objeA, the manner in . 

which he prefumes to treat kU 1 

afid the fociety to which he belongs. 
Intoxicated with the favour of the . 
Middlefex electors, he afliimes an info« . 
lence equal at leaft to that of the duke 
of Guife (when with forty thoufand 
men at his heels, he accofted his fove- 
regn) and declares, that «< he is with- • 
out a wifii to encroach on the fair claims 
of the crown.'^ I niuft read over thp 
words again. They are as I have 
written them ; and that he was ready 
to make any fubmiilion to the ^ 

which was even hinted from authority \ 
that is from the — -^> for he never 
would make application for a pardoif ' 
to a minifter. Is it poftible that anf 
firentleman, that any man who has the 
feaft regard for the dignity of his — , 
for the mtereft and honour of bis coun- 
\^1% Saq witb pajicn^c hf >r Mf W-r— 

-' lame time, and dcaner too; for, . 
Omt firiuin, and talk of with nil die cue thit' can be liken af- 

idi bit in a e«iJid ter <he fleete U wi-apt up, rortcd, and - 

ir bcbai no with to encioach divided, all the dead-top, pitch, tar, and 
■ -'-'—It of the crown ? Wbo filih cannot be foundf and what rc- 

— who prefiimei to hold ; 
ikc that which Haj^ry of Heit- 
lAer and Derby once hi-lil to 
n aud his prince i Is he not of 
tebciiiD birth, of the maO ob- 
lalfknown only by his criinesf 
It of the eouft of jiiftiee, and 

la of P 1 will prefcrve 

jr of his offences and his pu- 

This ii the man. who from 
. Bench piilbn declares, that 
: cQcruach on the fair claima 
m, and to what fort of P— e 
Idrefi hii declaration } To a 
9 bai di«i.'ftcd himfcif of fe- 
mnd allowed claim* of the 
ftablidi and cncreafe tlie ii- 
le fubjeft. Are thcfe things 

Ha*c ihe people of Great 
both their meraory and their 

Can they with patience hear 
poAor from i»' prifon, where 
to fulfill his term of punilh- 
It the majcfty of his — — 
X I I hope that nil good fub- 
'mpathiie upon thii (iccifion ; 
they read the iriinifi.-fto (for 

og left than Mr W '( 

a^ainft ) will 

indignation, and with one 
.row upon this audacious 
contempt and fcoin which he 

anguilhirig condition of on i 

len manufa61ory is univerfal- 

ned of, it is humbly hoped >iig,it 

agizines and public papers attend 

oio receive the ftntiinents of 

irc well acquainted with the 

ICC* that attend il, and that 

II Yoluntarily concur lo eon- 

Btiments to the whole king- 

: firil and grealeft incoiive- 

BttenJs the woolkn manu- 
all iit brar.ches, it the dead 
ool, the pitch, the tar, and 
» upon the fleece, which 
e all Aiorlcd or clipped off 
ittbetimeof fliecp fhecrii)g. 

b« done in the tenth part of 
akei afterthefleecc it broken 
. I app-zal to all wool-lla- 
•makers. Sec. whether one 
rmight notdrefi and cleaJife 

at the time the Dieep arc 
■a twelve can afterward) in 

JUsf. March, 176^.) 

□t only retard* the eomberi, 
I'cribblen, cardcn, fpinner*, weaver*, 
and burlert, but greatly damagei the 
f ribblei, and cards, 10 the great ex- 
peiiec of the manut'aflurer. Befidei, 
Ihit dead top, pitch, tar, tec. produce 
iliofekoobi, and burli, which mult be 
picked out of all line cloth* at a great 
expence, and as liiefc cannot be all U- 
ken out with the utmoftcare, many co- 
lours are left very imperfeA after ■ 
maker ha* expended twenty or thirty 
(hillings per piece, when I am very 
certain, twelve pence would have ore- 
vented it at the time of (heep flieennj. 
To the famecaufe, the knoti and fluhf 
in cambleu, damalki, (balloons, tec. 
may be attributed, a* well as the great 
dt-lefls in the Londpa, Norwich, and 
KidderminSer, filk and worfted tradeti ' 
and it no lefi affcfli the worfted Sock- 
ing U'ade. In ihott, no branch of tho . 
woollen or worfted maniifaflories can 
arrive at perfeaion till thai ciufe is rt- . 
moved that is attended with fb many . 
bad efTccti) and furcly [her* needs not 
many armaments to peifuade all, whof* . 
incereft it is to Join hand^i, heart* and 
purfc*. to endeavour moft earneftly to 
prevent or cure an evil, thaifo maicrial- 
iy affeAi the ftaple conimodily of thi* 
kingdom; let utnotthereforebeallidi* ■ 
fpeaaton,orattbe beft butureleficom- 
plainets of the bad method* that ke^- 
ei* of Oieep ure in marking, for to dii* 
vile prafliccof clogging the fleecowitk 
fuperduoui and hurtfuf ftuff in mark- 
that fo many bad coafequences 
K management of wool, that 

¥ a fteece is not worth half what it '. 

Id otherwtli: produce. Thi* pat 
.... upon thinking of a remedy. And . 
(houf;h I have been informed that ap> 
plication waa formerly made to parlia- 
ment for an a£t 10 prevent the fuperiu- ' 
Ob* ufe of pitch and tar upon Iheep 
wiihout liicceft ; yet I cannot but 
think, that eliiicr it was not applied for 
m a pioper manntr, or iis hnnfulnef* 
was not iet lorih in a proper light. But 
1 would gladly hope we have geiitlemeB 
row in the Houfe, who will condefcend 
10 converfe with intelligent mamifac- 
lurers in this impoiianl branch, and 
who beiof; convinced of the neceffity of 
fome regulation, will tealoufly promota 
an aft for that purporc) in oraei tlnM 
doth nay be mftdc n yedtBi u ¥^U%, 

ijo RetmnfirMce relative to the management of ff^9ot 

and that the manufaflurer may be ena- 
bled to fell it at a moderate price, both 
at home and abroad, which cannot be 
done as wool it at nrefent. Surely it 
is matter of no fmall concern, that fo 
iifcful a commodity fliould be plenty, 
and its quality as perfcft as pofTiblc; I 
fhould think that thofe gentlemen whofe 
intereft is fo intimately conne£led vvi:h 
the growth of wool, as many members 
of parliament are, would do all in their 
power to encourtige io and benefi- 
cial a branch ot tr.J-j as the woollen 
manufactory is to thcie kingdoms. 
Certainly their ancefturs thought it 
their duty to do fo, when they placed 
packs of wool in the houfe to fit upon, 
and when king Kd'.vnrd the third, and 
his parliament, fo early as the year 1336, 
pafled a law that no wool irrowing wiih- 
in this realm fliouiil be iranfported out 
of the fame, but that it fhould be made 
into cloth in England, and that all ful- 
lers, weavers, and cloxh-makcis of every 
degrrce, being fufticiently in(liu6led, and 
cunning in their art, fiom what coun- 
try foevcr they came, (hould receive and 
enjoy certain privileges, yea and more- 
over fhould live at the king's charges 
but of the exchequer, uniil they had 
provided conimodioufly to live by their 
art. And there hath (ince been a greiit 
nrnnber of a6ls of parliament paffed to 
regulate the lengths, breadths, and qua- 
lities of cloth, and to prevent frauds 
and evil pra£^ices by the makers ; but 
no law is yet exifting to reguiate the 
marking of wool. Is it not therefore as 
neceffary to regulate the management of 
wool in the firfl infbnce, and to pre- 
ferve it from wilful abufc, as to lay fo 
Tmmf reflraints upon the manufaflurer 
afterwards ? But as the wife ft man may 
not know what to give before he is afk- 
ed, I think it the duty of every town and 
county in the woollen brunch to fix 
upon proper perfons to concert a plan to 
be laid before their repvclentatives, and 
to open a rubicn{>tion to obtain an afl 
to encourage the growth of wool, but 
efpeciaily fine wool, and to perfe^ its 
quality ; by this means the cloathing 
traue would flourifli, and themfelvcs 
and poflerity wo«!d have the benefit of 
it. I will only add a few hints for 
fomc abler head to improve upon . The 
Downs in England proper to keep 
fmall fheep upon fhould not be inclofed, 
for the inclofing of commons where 
fmall fhcep ufed to be kept is certainly 
one principal caufe of the great advance 
of fine wool. It is not to he doubted 
te^ that our breed of Bnc woolled iheep, 

by proper culture, and good manage- 
ment might be brought to produce near 
as good wool asthoic of Spain. Would 
it not then be worthy the wiidom of 
pailiament to confidtr and enfore tha 
beft method of doing this, in order to 
bring down the prelcnt high price of 
Spanifli wool ? Ti!l this is done, by (iior- 
ling the fleece btforc it is fhom, would 
it not make near aa ne:it a cloth as the 
Spanilh wool ? Cr.n the growers cf wool 
l-e hurt by it, would not the quality be 
fo much better n-; to pay them for ex- 
traordinary ti\.ulMC au:i \o{i ? Ought 
they to h:;) the iKcce To deceitfully as 
tlicy do Uow in m my cour.trics, and 
put all H^annt-r of lubbilh in it ? In fhnrt 
doct there not w.-ir.t \^w% to encourage 
or obli'.;e an ei.ii e nfoimaiiun with re- 
gard to r/ool ? I tliini: no fcnUbic man 
will dciiy it, no \« tli wifhcr to his coun- 
try can b? ag-.rnll it, and I hope that all 
nr.n of j-'iiir wh.'i'c inicicll it is, will 
promoit' Hi It WIS with this defign rhat 
I conucjit'.ed thele thoTi-hts to writing, 
which aie f< uiiJcd ut<i>n twentv one 
years experience in t!ic woollen trade, 
and doubt noi hut nil thofc immediate- 
ly concerned m the v.-ooiLn manufac- 
tory will agicre with me, ihnt no time 
fliould Ik lull in petitioning the parlia- 
nicnt for a M-^ulati(Mi of ih importnnt 
an article in trade as that of flieeps 
wool is. T. F. 

P. S. I know it will be f-^id by fome 
fhephcrds, ** inuft we h.ivc no marks 
to know our flK-cp by ?'* To wiiich I an- 
fwcj, th.u I think a fuflicicnt mark 
might be made in the horn, pate or 
ear, wich paint, braUil, or ibniething 
that would lail fiom fliccr time to flicer 
time, but if any other mark is abfo- 
luiely ncctfljry, I would have that to 
be of pitch alone, and as iinall as pof- 
fiblc, and confined to Hie rump, or but- 
tock, for it greatly hinders the giowih 
of fine wool, and when dipt off, fhor- 
trns the llapic loo much, fo a* to render 
the befl wool ufclcfs. As to fliorling, 
I would only have the dead top taken 
oIt", iMch as will not lake the fame co- 
lour in dying witii the reft of the wool ; 
fonvr fheep have more, fome lefs upon 
them, nor does it require much Ikill in 
a fheep flicererto diftinguifh how much 
of the dead top will be ufelefs, or ra- 
ther detrimental if mixed among the 
remaining part of the ilecce. 

But fliould the public let this and 
other addreffes on the fame occafiou pafs 
unregarded, and no efFe6lual methoa be 
taken to remedy the evil, I hope the 
hoQOurablt aad worthy fociety for en- 

Curious AtccHttt cf the loft Decades of Livy'j lUftory. 

.•Mr^ing a^ wdA Mirafil&ir^ will 
jKit thtok tUi vm>ta faoow tbeir notice, 
.hat ia an aSair fa aniverriUf intenA- 
iog to tbii DitiaD, will aljaw annual 
praniuni* la lUcpcr* of Aeep in cnry 
covBtj, Firt, la ^oTe who keep th« 
kft woollcd ranu and cwci for liiced- 
IBE, whoA fleece ii of ihe bcfi kind 
etSbcr for clothing or combiagi »dlj. 
Id thole who prodiice tlie gnaten quan- 
litj of wool of the belt quility, 31/A, 
to him who Ihall difcoTCT a praSicable 
■•ethod of niarking (heep without hurl- 
ing'tbc fleece, and ^Iblj, to ihofe wlia 
waih it the cleaneft, and make it the 
twft perfeA formanufafturinR. Would 
■M there motive* excite a laudable am- 
bition amongll the Ihephenis to have 
tbdr 8ock> boU and beautiful, and the 
Imcc when llioni free from every thing 
drtrimenlal, either to the file or mani)' 


■ bittla tbon ^1 
old, that the ap^ 

Mr UrbAH, 

rpHE following Lener i* traaflated 
' from a fearce little piece, entitled 
Lcltre* de la Reyne de Suede *| and 
May peihipi he acccjiiablc far the fin- 
lalaritj vf its contcnti j W. S. 

To M. Colo Mill. 
T Thank you for communicating to 
^ me your ftudlei. I have lately been 
infonned by M. de la Motte le Vayer, 
Ihat you hate feni to the prefi fomc pie- 
m in which yoii mention me ai your 
Kithority for whit yon advance, con- 
eeming the lofi fuft;iined in our dayi 

n the c. 


tbni of Livyi Rmn^i) Hilioiy { I be- 
lieve I told the Itory to you m I did ta 
■any others ; I did not indeed fee the 
battle-dcori that were made of tht 
kins, on which the loft Decadet of that 
■nthor were w.iiten { but I heard it 
from the mouth of a pcrfun of unqnef- 
itonable TCracity, almalt forty yeare 
■go, who tin then goreinor to (he 
Marquis dc Koiirtlle. Thi« gentleman 
Iflured mt, in \].\i m->l) folemn manner, 
tbu being with hit pupil at one of his 
lllatei near Siumnr, and hiving an 
hieltaatisn to m»ke htm esercUe liim- 
Uf at Tennis, he otAtt'i Ibme batlle- 
4o»r* to be bought for hitn at that city. 
On examining ih: parchment of thele, 
be imagined that he law upon lite great- 
er part of them the Ls:in title* of the 
tiAth, tenth, atiil eterenth Decades of 
Ltry, which mide him ardently defirout 
•f e«amininy ihi< matter to the hottom. 

• Vi*. OirJ^iM. 

HaTing ii 

keeper from wluoi tha"^ 

been bought, he waa told, il . ^^ 

tbeuiy of the Abbej of Pooter^H^ 
having found, in tbe corper of a ehiai> 
ber io that Abbe*, a luge pic arpw«t(- 
mcntMSS. and naviag tew ttpea fin^ 
ral of them iliit tliey wen the liij^ 
of Livy, he begged tbem of the dMb 
telling her, that u the book wai lunm 
ill print, ihcy were of no n)iH|^^ 
that the paichmenti might be of letw 
iervice to him. The Abbeb readily 
granted hit requeft ; and Iw fold tbtoi 
to the (hepkerper, who ordered a gntt 
number of battle dooti to be made qf 
them, whereof he fliewed the geademak 
upwards of twelve doieni, brSdei tl^fa 
which he had already dilpofed of, and 
ftiit to other placet. The remainulg 
onei bore, fame in one placf, and fiMH 
in another, tbe fame titlei and Latin 
words, which confirmed the fufpiciona 
railed by the tiift ) namely that tbey 
were the loft Decade* of LiVr'a Hiftoij. 
I take plealiire. Sir, in confirming tO 
you, bv thia detail, whit I told you is 
general, upon tliii fubjeai that yoit 
may not be accuf^d of hiving, without 
rcafun, numtd me as your authority! 
meanwhile, continue your labours, anjl 
oblige the public by your valuable pro- 
ductions, both lor your own gtory,'Ud 
for their inftrufliou. 

Par'u, I a Sept. lam, tff. 

i6tit. CHAPELAIX, 

Ctntrtvirjal Suijt3t fr«m lit Fgftri, 

The Temper ef ibt Timei ii hefi jyii- 
■uireJ by alli-nd'nig le tbe Caatenthmi 
cmsKg tbe Ortat. The eeHliaiuHifm 
ttertfare ef lie QMlraverJi teltveim 
Junim, ami Sir W. D. w«tf w/, -wt 
hope, be fiun.i viHbaui iti uft. Our 
lafi eanditieJ lattb Sir William'a 
FiaJi^aihn tf bim/tlf. Tit Rettj wt 
iMWw* hiaibhEiiat 
'• yUUR (■ecl:iratiun that you are hap- 
* py in r;:iu.;voun; noblemen 
eame amms ut, r/i>AIi>r/]ii1iablctotwo 
objcaijiis. Firfl, With rerpea to Lord 
P— y,i' raeinsnotbing, for he wa« alrea- 
dy inrhe army, fie was aiddpcarap (4 
the king, and had the rank of colonel. 
Aref-lmeni therefore could not makehim 
a mure nulitary man, though it mad* 
h'm richer, and prohably at the expmc* 
of Tome hravc, dtferving, friendleB of- 
ficer. — The other eoncema yourialf. 
.'VftcT lellingtho companions of rour 
vii^lory in ooe inSincc, atid«hn Ui^^ 
four pofe^n tn ^ qAKibj ^M^ 

ms^ C t mnii^ 'hktwm }vma£ MSit W:TX}tmkiM. 

L 'A 

' ^tqdiority do jurii iirefume to call your- 

'Mf'a ibldier? The plain evide/ice of 

;fiAs it faperior to all declarations. Be- 

Ibre 76a were appointed to the i6th re- 

rent, jOur complaints were a diftrefs 
government ;— from that moment 
jon were fil^t. The condufion is in- 
'eatable. You iniinuatt to us that your 
ill ftate of health obliged you to quit 
thefcrvice. The retirement neceUary 
to repair a broken conftitution would 
Uhre beenas ^ood a reafon for not accept- 
ngy as for rehgning the command of a re- 
ginrnit. There is certainly an error of 
the prefs,oran affe^ed ubfcurity in that 
paragraph^ where you fpeak of ^our 
bargain with colonel Gifbome. Inftead 
of attempting to anfwer what I really 
^ do not undertlandy permitme to explain 
to the public what I really know. In 
'■exchange for your regiment, you ac- 
^cepted of a coioneKs half pay (at leaft 
'%20 1. a year) and an annuity of 200 1. 
for your own and Lady Draper's life 
jointly. — And is this theloiing bargain, 
*which you would reprei'ent to us, as if 
you had giren up an income cf 80 ol. 
a year for 380 1. Was it decent, was 
it honourable, in a man who pretends 
to love the army, and calls himfelf a 
loldter, to make a tralHc of the ro^al 
favour, and to turn the higheli honour 
01 an active profeiHon into a fordid pro- 
vifion for bimfelf and his family ? It 
were unworthy of me to prels yon far- 
ther. The contempt with which the 
whole army he;ird of the nianncr of 
your retreat, aiiurcs me that as your 
condu^ was not juilified by precedent, 
it will never be thought an example for 

^ The laft and mod important queftion 
remains. When you receive your half 
pay, do you, or do you not, take a fo- 
femn oath, or fign a declaration upon 
honour to the following cfkSi ? That 
J9U do not ii^uaity bold anyplace of pro- 
Jiiy ci*vil or military^ under bis mnjrfy ? 
The charge, which this q^ueftion plainly 
conveys againd yuu, is ot fb iliocking a 
complexion, that I lincerely wifh you 
may be able to anl'wer it well, not mere- 
ly for the colour of your reputation, 
but lor your own inward peace of mind. 


SIR, CUfton, Feb, 13. 

I flare a very fliort aniwer for Junius*s 
important queiUon : 1 do not cither 
take an oath, or declare upon honour, 
that! have noplace of profit cMl or 
miliTary, when I receive the half pay 

MS m Jrifhcolonci. * My moft gracioot 
,1 . . .' 

ibrersign mvtt it me at a penfion 1 Bo 
was pleafed to think I deferred it. 'Tlfo 
luinuity of aoo 1. Irifli, and the eqahrsi* 
lent for'the half pay together, produce 
no more than 380 1. per annum, clear of 
fees and perquifitet of office. I receiw 
i6f 1. from my government of Yar- 
mouth. Totar547l. per annum. My 
confcience is much at eafe in thefe par- 
ticulars; my friends need not blufli 
for me. 

Junius makes much and frequent ofe 
of interrogations : Thr^ are arms that 
may be eafily turned againft bimfelf. I 
could by malicious interro^tions dif- 
turb the peace of the moft virtuous man 
in the kingdom ; I could take the deca- 
logue, and fay to one man, did you 
never fteal ? To the next, did you never 
commit murder ? And to Junius bim- 
felf, who is putting my life and condu6^ 
to the rack, did you' never- bear /<t^ 
nvitne/s agaiult your neigbbcurf Junius 
mud eafily fee, that unlefs he affirms 
the contrary in his real name, fomfO 
people, who may be as ignorant of him 
as I am, will he apt to fufpedl him of 
having deviated a little from the truth. 
Then. fore let Junius a(k no more quef- 
tions. You bite againft a file : Ccaie 
viper! W. D. 

To i'/r William Dra?zr, Knigbt 6/ 
the Bath, 

A N Academical education has giren 
"• you an unllmircd commmd over 
the moft 1 eautiful fiouus of Ipttch. 
Malks, halchit?, nickr, :.nd vipers dance 
through your kiicjs in .ill tne inaxcs of 
metaphorical confuiicn. 1 iicfc .jrc ihe 
gloomy companion* of adilluibtd ima- 
gination ; — the meluiicholy niadi.tla of 
poetry, without the infpiiutiun. I will 
not contend with you i*^ point of com- 
pofition. You are a Icholar, Sir Wil- 
liam, and, if I am iiuly informed, yoti 
write Latin with almcft a» much purity 
as Englilh. Sufler me then, for I am 
a plain unlettered man, to continue that 
fijle of interrogation winch fuits my 
capacity, an.l to which, confidcring the 
readincfs of your anfwers, you ought 
to have noobje<5\icn. Even Mr Bing- 
ley promifes to anl'wer, if put to the 

Do you then really think that, if I 
wei-e to afk a moft 'virtuotu man whe- 
ther he ever committed theft or murder, 
it would difturb his peace of mind ? 
Such a queftion might perhaps difcom- 
-^fe the gravity of his muicies, bat J 
believe it would little affcftthe tranqui- 

'- •93* MeMfierts »f tU prtfent M-fi-r afpUt^. 

III7 of bia codckscc. Enoiiiia ]NMr 
Mm bnmft. Sir William, and ]rau will 
' dUcovtr that rtprotchei- and injuriM 
kavc DO powtr to affliS dther tbe man 
aif unhlemiAied integrity, or tht Ibao- 
dooed profligate. Itiithemiddlecara- 
poond chwwtt which *lonc i* Tulnc- 
rable ;— the man who, without iinniwlii 
enough to iToid a diDionounble idion, 
fcai trtiing enougti to be albimed ot' it. 

1 thank ■joix far four hint of the de- 
ntague, ind Ihill take an opportunitf 
of applying it (o Tonie of tout moft 
TirtuDut trientli in boih houK* of par- 

You retm to have drapptd the affitir 
of four regiment ; To let it reft. When 
JTM aie ippoinced to another, I d:ire fiy 
yw will not fell il either fort grortfum, 
wfor an annuity vpon livci. 

I am tnilyglad (for really. Sir WiJ. 
liam, I am not yoor enemy, nor did 1 
begin tliit cortteft wlih yon) that yon 
lare been able 10 clear yonrielf of a 
crime, though at the expence of the 
liighcft indifcretion. You fay that your 
half piy wai given you by way of nen- 
fuia. I will not dwell upon the lingu- 
Isiity of uniting in your own perfbn two 
fnni of provilion, which, in their own 
mtnre, :ind in all miUiary and parlia- 
nirniaiy viewf, are incompatible ; but I 
call upon you to juAify that declaralisn, 
wherein jou charge jour with 


I aft ii 


>ully againft law. The hsifpay, 
baih in Ireland »nd, ii appro- 
priatej by pailiameni, and if it be given 
to pcrfonf, who, like yon, are legally 
incapable of holding it, it i* a breach 
of law. It would have been more de- 
cent in you t-) have calleil thit dilho- 
nourable tranfaftion by ifi true name ; 
a job 10 accammoilate two perfon'i, by 

:ei*lt 3 

cattle. What 
mtnt have hid of your (ervicei, when 
the rewards they hive givm yon ate 
only a difgrace to you ! 

And now. Sir William, 1 Ihall take 
my leave of you for ever, Mul'vei, 
fei]' different from any 3|iprehenlioii of 
yonr rtrenlment, make ii impolTibk you 
Ikould ever know me. In truth you 
have fome reafon lo hold yonrielf in- 
debted to me. From the lelTons I have 
civen, you may collefi a profitable in- 
iruAkin for your future life. They 
wll either teach you fo to rcgt^ate your 
eoitduA, at to be able to fet the mofi 
nnliciout enquirie* at defiance ; or if 
that tc a loft hope, they will teach you 
pudcncc awufb HOC «p stiraA tliejMib. 

lie attendioD upM a chanAar, «*nck 
will only pafa without ccnfure, wfaa 
it pallei without pblcmtion. 


Se*etal yolunteen of 00 mean abili- 
liet entered the lifti on both lidet in thit 
important difpute; but not tn lite.tka 
reader with rcpetitiona, we ftuU dirat 
hii attention to other fubj'eaa. 
Tbtg»*J omJ IttdjMtiiiiii ^ m M-JI-r\ 

•uiitb «• Emtuaiim *m iheji ^' tkt 

'T'HAT the majority of nunkind dte 
-^ light to (ce their fuperiora abnfiJS 
and vilely traduced, ii a Ibamefnl, but 
certain truth. The . mice of defama- 
tion II littened to with attention, whilft 
thepraife of merit pafTet lightly onr . 
the mind, or ii conlidered to be the Ian> 
guap of inteicft, rerrility, or defign, 
Thi« proceed* leli from malignity ctf 
itilpoGtion, than from that pride which r 
naturally arifet among indindua]*,fi«H 
the political freedosi which thn enjoy. 
I.evclling principin are the conlcquenca 
af liberty; and a mafi, whom hi* me- 
rit hai ratli:d high in the flate, becomet 
a butt for all the fhafit of malevolence 
and envy. The worft conftruaion ■• 
put upon all hi* afiioni ) and it i* a 
received maxim, that a minilier cannot, 
ov fjthtr will not, do any good. 

I'his determined (til'approbaiion i*, 
no iloubt, a great enemy ;o virtue in a 
nation. Good aflioni ai often proceed 
from that love of pi-ail"e, which ought 
to follow ihem, as fiom a fiaed princi- 
ple of virtue in the mind. When a man 
ill power, therefore, meeta with an un- 
grateful return for hia bell mearuret, 
hi: may 'be induced lo have recourle lo 
bad, from a principle of pride and re- 
venae. The virtuoui, bin timid and 
chagrined niinifter, wreak* bin-engeance 
on the public by refigning the manage- 
ment of ihrir allairi ; hut the anful 
and callous will make up to him- 
leif in an exeiiion of the poWer in hi* 
hands, that lewaid of praile which the 
envious world have denied. 

Bulb tircfe charaAers arc equally un- 
fit to coudiift the atfair* of thii great 
nation. That fc.ifiliillty which i* hurt 
wilhundefeivedabule i& align of weak- 
nefi j and that calloufneli which de& 
pifei any abiilc, it a mark of a dlfpofi. 
tion of mind too hardened to do good. 
The man who doei virtuoui aftiona tar. 
the fake of virtue, who want* 00 praila 
but a conlciourncfi of doing good, ndr 
who Itxikt with ctiDtemf t, ufai\ \kcnAJ 
ritcd abiife, U the iin\] «l« ut u %Bra« 

f f 4 O^ fMm ^fitm^ l^fWte l9*ii«l» lifi^m; 

Ci(ft» praQ^cy. The bad will hu 
Inm oa accoost of bis Turtw; ilMft 
wimJovto order and good goremiiietit 
wUl admire and fupport hit meafum j 
Vid dtappointed lodition will flirtnk 
teck and vantih firom hii firmneft and 

Suchy ir we may jvdgo of him bj his 
lace public meafures (for to his pnvate 
charafter and perfon I am an utter 
-ftfanger) is the N— n^ who with (b 
nioch 6rmnels and refolntion-now con- 
miftl our public afiairs. At a time 
«dMfl riot and liccnttonihers had well 
Mghjprofed fatal to our excel lent con* 
ftitation» when threau of xevolt abioad 
vna joined -to our internal confu/ionSy 
lia ieppcd forth* and by refolnte and 
dadfivcb bat at the fame time leral and 
Moiitoiional menfuresy ftopped the oro^ 
greft of the political difeafe of the ftate» 
nwl gave new vigour to a aovemment 
Mien into contempt through the timi* 
llity and tnefi^iutton of former mini* 
llrts. Let him therefore cimtinne in 
that traft in which he is entered with 
lb nnich honour to him(elf} let him 
consider that -fiinrmers is the firft virtue 
of a minifter, and he may reft affured 
that fa6\ioo and fedition will hid« their 
foward heads before him who difcovers 
no (ymptoms of feas, 


"t^riit nhthfe f the ligai and confli^ 
« tutiomml meafuns aUmdedto im the pre^ 

iudiag Letter. 
■J Have jufb read in the Mpers a letter 
^ figaed AMgk SaxoM, The author's 
laodJefty* though his intentions arc ap. 
parently grod, totally difqualifiet him 
at prefimt from being of any ii(e as a 
tniqifterial writer. This his employer 
•Iniady fees. He talks about the firm* 
neft and refolution ihcwn by hi* patron 
ftt the conduA of public affaire; and 
of the refolnte and decifive, but at the 
fiuone time legal and conftitutional mea 
fures which he has purfued. Here moft 
unluckily his modeAy comes in the 
way* and he is afliamed to tell us what 
thole legal, conftitntional and deciftve 
neafures are. As this is perhaps only 
a maiden blufli, which pradice and good 
oompany may foon wear off, I will en « 
demrour to help the younf man forward ; 
n»d to this pnrpofe Ihall only felef^ a 
Unr of the ehoioeft of thoie meafnres 
wydi he alludes to, and by barely aflc- 
Sig'^^ queftion, give him an opportu* 
M^ in his next, fimp!y to anfwer-* 

Pq jm$ laaBr-tba mblwij! nttempto 
odnpontheD— <of P^^— *d to ftrip mai 
of his eftate, and give it to the uvoa* 
rtflt*a fon-in-law ? 

. The plunder of the £-^ I«.^ 

C-— *— for two years paft, and reducin|^ 
it into a regular and continued fyftem 
for live yvars to come ? 

The happy fucceiain embfoil- 

inf the mother country lb efit£luallf 
with her colonies, that it will not only 
immortalisf* his own namsf but will if- 
it*s conicquences be felt by the childrea 
yet unborn ? 

«— ^- The degrading and di&radi^ 
one of our greateft and braveft omcera } 
and one to whom the natiop was undcir 
the higbeft obligatfons ? 

— The humility in purehafing hit 
forgivenefs at a much higher nrice thao 
the value of the objeA, which was the 
caufe of the affront j and that afier un*- 
dergoing fuch a difcipline, as might 
have recmed a fuficicnt colour to fuch 
a eharafier as your patron's for a pci-ie- 
vertncc in wrong and o|»preffion ? 

The Slaughter in St Gcorge*B 

Fields, Sec. Sec. Sic. 

Thefe are a few of the decifive, Icffil 
and conihiutional nicai'urcs to which 
Aftglo Saxon alludes — When he is 
pra^ifed in laying Yes to thcie in pri- 
vate, he vtriil iboa be able to expatiate 
largely upon tliem in public, and to fcf 
\t&. many other inftanccs of tbs lame 
nature, and fur the fame purpofe. I (hall 
conclude with a repetition in his ou'n 
words of the accurate defcripciou which 
he giv^s cf his patfon's iituaiion and 
condu6l— < The aitful and callous man 
' will make up to himfelf in an txeitioo 
5 of the power in his hands, that reward 

* of praife which the envious wcrld 

* have denied/ 


A firious iiindicatton cf thif mea/urts 

chjefted to above. 
TT is amazing, tho' it is humiliatingi 
'*' to human nattuc, to fee with what 
importance every petty ciTayift introdu- 
ces himfelf to the public : — I was ltd 
into this obfervation, by reading a let* 
ter uH'Jer the fignatmc of Aug/nj.'^l 
(ball anfwcr his queries more feiioufly 
than his (light manner of writing de- 

The pretended robbery of the D<-* 
of P ■ ■ is a very ftale and baclcneyed 
Aory. If the lar.ds were a^ually nis 
property, can any royal grant of them 
to another deprive him of his right? 
Art not the courts of juiUce open t. 

A ftriws Vindualhn of 

IM Vim CNHr Ui r«lt— 4irt he will not. 
The law it ^ainft him, in « countir tc- 
w^'JT'W* fer tlw ' pnlcrralioii dF the 
prapaty of individual* i yet hi* idbc- 
MMt, iMiik uiK^utlled cffrDntery,— I , 
■ight bm bid, with nnptralld'd btTo- 
miS. coMuM I* >Cnn thu he hai been 

tr|, it lorry iwt ■ c«mp«ii]P, who, bj 
m affiftincc cf (ovrmnnit, tiaTc ac- 

S'rci « territory and revenue too freat 
any fubjeSi, IbouM cavrribute to 
the cxpencc of that pnblic, who To ef- 
fcAmlljF fuppoiud them in the dijrt of 
ibMr diftntt. Befidn, what hat been 
panted wat a roltntaty offer {ram the 
Dujority of tht company \ anit it it an 
ialult upon the good (mi* of that ma- 
jority, SI well at upon truth itTcIf, to fay 
thu tb* Eaft India Company hu been 

.ThcaUeguion, ihtttheD— oTG— 
(labeoiJed the mother country with her 
culonici, it lo utterly void of faunda. 
lion, thu it deicirei no anf^Er. Th: 
coniriveii of the ftamp a£t, they Uiit 
iiijuJiciuully repealed ii, arc anfweiable 
foe thole tumult!, which the preftnt 
nuMAer hu (<• rffeflnally And lu canfti- 
tuiionally quell ;il. Wiihout oppreffing 
tiii; coloiiict, he hw Oiewn to inem iIk 
|H>i>er of the moihcr country j and 
tbcif own good fcnfe ha* put an end to 
■ contctt, which they law they were by 
BO menni equal to carry on with fucceft. 

Sir J A 1 wu neither dif- 

gtacEd nur d^^-nd^d— if it is no dip- 
grtce to be delii cd lu do one'* duty. If 
be threw up in a rage, i* the ininiftet ' 
anfwerable furihe ertcJlt ofhiipafliant 
l)uiniirucwiih/ln^/ifr, tbaiitwai wrong 

to reriive lhi--dougliiy K. 1 into 

favour, afler the t'uiincr inl'jlcnce of 
hit condud i it wai giving up a part 
of that dignity vrith wliich A<1— ^— — n 
Ikonld alwayi liipport govurnniEnt. 
Pcrhapt he made conccfBont, but thefe 
concelTiont Ihould have been at public 
aa he bad made hit coinplaiiiK. In 
ihit article the Min— rit to blame ; but 
it it an ai'tick that arguei, iliat he it 
not tyrannical, reveiigetul, uropprelfive. 
The lliiisluer in !jt Ccorgc'i Ficldt 
it a* Dale at the D — ul F — 'i imagina- 
ry grievante. It hat been proved to be 
lee*), in the moA refueaahle count of 
i^ice, that the magilliite ought to be 
liippoited with an adequate force in the 
execution oF his ofHcc. It hai been 
fltewB a thouCind timet, that the mili- 
tary, at the feivantt of the civil power, 
ma/ be leftlly anploffBcf to fa^pnA 


ibr pimipal Fa8s. 

|}imU ariw, nd-ftmglbM iW 
[nffiec. Tbey have bWB cor- 
1 many foraur oceafioMi and 

tomulta, ijimU V 
hindt of jr"" 

confideied meiely m a paft CtmiiMu | 
bnt faflion and ftditioD wen not thM 
fo high, or at leaft party writtrt hl4 ' 
more regard to nth, dian to mijataiB 
ai oppreflive, ■ mea/nre attthMixed t^ 
a£ti of parliament. 

Upon the whole, if the hackney wn- 
toi of dilappobted faftion hvre no* 
thing rooN than the qitene* of dMghu 

lay againft the D~- of Q , I mav 

inonnce him to be net only a gooo^ 
T— r. The accnhth 
•nt againit him, either bear upon ibeir 
face a palpable falfrbood, or make ftf 
him, more than all the ealogiei btflam^ 
•d on him by Jb^t'SMxtw. 

rm-s,ett. SILUEIDS. 

JiaUatic MimariaU nUtivf H tit 

fanhn e/'Edward M'Qpirk. 
QOON after the trial of Edwai4 
O Mt^nirk and Lawrence Bxlf,' foe 
the murder of George Clarke at tha 
Brentford elcAion, (Set. p. 51 ' 
many .fenfible people, on readn 
the account of it, Mjit dimm im ibt 
Sr^ans Papir, expreu their concern, 
thit party prejudice Ihould have any 
influence either upon the witneflei, oc 
the jury, when the livei of men wers 
utidcr conlidcration ; and from the ram 
of tlie evidence, it wai thought, that if 
nofuchpr^ '^ '^-' '■-■■■ 

the murder depended upon the t\ 

of a fingle perfon, and that perfan ne- 
ver la™ the deceafed tilt after hit death { 
and it waj the ojHnion of very many 
gentlemen, eminent in the profeBiaii cf 
iiitgcry, that the fymptomt at deferibed 
by the witnefi, were at leaft doubtfo); 
and by no meant fuch at to warrant the 
poliiive declaration Ii) peremptorily iti- 
lirted upon, that tbt blvui it rteiivtd 
iiiai Ibt eau/t of bii Atatb. Thu 
being very generally fpoken of, tht 
friend* of the prifoncrs availed them- 
fclvei of the report, and powerful in- 
Cerceinon wat miile ahave, to have the 
truth of it examined into, a> a tounda* 
tion for royal mercy. Accordingly a 
letter from Lord Ruchford, otic of Ilia 
majefty't principal lecittiiici of ftate, 
dirtied to the milter, wardens, and cza 
amineriof the furgeoii't company- was 
fent, deliiing their opinion in relatidn 
toiliedoubt already mentioned. Thefe 
gentlemen, ten ik number, aciwi&vtt^-j 
metutbeirhalloadux^Ukfiiiu KxA 

1 36 Authentic Memoriab retative to tie Pardon of M*(^irk. 


alter re-examining the witneft who gave 
cviilence, and alio interrogating the Air- 
gcon and apothecaiy who attended the. 
deceaied in his hit illnefs, returned an 
anfwer to his iuniihip (he I'anie evening, 
giving it as their unanimous opinion, 
^biit ibe bloiAj ivas HOt the caufe of Mr 
Clarki^i death. In a few days after 
this trinrAclion, his majefty'R pardun^ 
with the reafbns for extending the royal 
mercy to the piiloner M*Quirk, ap- 
pe ired in the London Gazette, and ib as 
ioliows : 

HLREAS a doubt has arifen in 
our royal brealt concerning ilie 
evidence of the dc;uh of George Clarke, 
from the rcprelcniation of William 
Bromficid, Efq; fuigeon, and Solomon 
Starlm^;, apothecary j both of whom, 
as hah been to us, aticndcd 
tlie deceafed before h.s death, and cx- 
preffcd their opinions that he did not 
die of tiie blow he received at Brent- 
ford : And whcrep.s it appeals to us, 
that neither of the laid ptrfons were pio- 
duced as witnellcs upon the trial, though 
the laid Soiomon btariing had been ex- 
amined before the coroner, and the only 
perfon called to prove that the death of 
the laid George Clarke was occafmncd 
by the laid blow, was John Foot, fur- 
gccn, who never law i.'ie deceiifed till 
after his death j we tliought lit there- 
upon to refer tli« laid reprellntations, 
together with the report ot the recorder 
of our city of Lonuon of the evidence 
given by Richard ai.d Willliim Bealc, 
and the Ctid John Foot, on the tiial of 
Edward Quirk, othcrwilc caikd Ed- 
ward Kiik, otherwile cniled Edwaid 
M'Quirk, for the miird«r of the laid 
Clarke, to the matter, wardens, and the 
rell of tiie court ot ex^imineis of the 
furgeons company, commanding them 
likewile to take luch fuitlicr examina- 
tion of the laid peifons fo rcprelcnting, 
and of faid John Foot, as they might 
think neccflary, together with the pre- 
mifes aboven'ientioned, to form and re- 
port to us their opinion, " Whether it 
*' did or di.l not appear to them, that 
'« the faid Geori;e Clarke died in con- 
** fe^uence of the blow he received in 
" the riot at Brentford on the 8th of 
** December la It.'' And the faid court 
of examiners of the furgeons company 

/having thereupon reported to us their 
opinion, " That it did not appear to 
*' them that he did j" we have thought 
proper to extend our royal mercy to 
him the faid Edward Quirk, othei wife 

£JirArJ Kijk^ otherwife called £dvf ard 

M'Qi^iirk, and to grant him our f\tt 
pirdon for the murder of the laid 
George Clarke, of which he has been 
found guilty : Our will and pleafure 
thercfoie is, that he the faid Edward 
Quirk, otherwife called Edward Kirk, 
othuwifc called Edward M*Qiiiik, be 
infcrtcd, for the laid murder, in our Arft 
and next general pardon that ftiall come 
out for the poor convifts of Newgate, 
without any condition whaifoever; and 
that in the mean time you take bail for 
his :^ppearance, in order to plead our 
fiid pardon. And for fo doing this • 
Ihall be your warrant. Given at our 
court at St James's, the loth day of 
March 1769, in the ninth year of our 

By his Majw-fty's command, 


This pardon was directed to James 
Eyre, EU{; itcordcr of London, ^c. 
aiid to all others wliom it may concern . 

In a few da)s after the publication, 
c;ime fortii the following aildrefs to ihc 
Court of Examiners of the furgeon's 
company by name, 

Mr BcK'jat/iin Cczve/L 

H'llliam BromJiiLiy Efq; furgcon t» 
her Royal Hi^JilneIs the Princels Dowa- 
ger of Walco. 

Mr Stajif:t\i Crane, 

John Ra/t/'j-f Eilu ici jcant furgeon tm 
his majdly. 

Cft/tir tiaivhinsy Efq; ditto, 

DaviJ M:JMttony El^; ditto. 

]\li Cknf.cpkcr luiia^ir, 

hhRjt-cri I'Giaig, 

Mr ttnival Poit. 

Mr Kol'tri Adair ^ fuigcon to tho 
tiii.d rcf;imtnt of loot guaicis. 
Y\0\^. noi Mr Foot depofc 



orttM, ill the tri.d of BjII and 
M-Qoiik, toi the muidcr ot Mr Clark, 
TIkjI iii5 dura matter was inHamed,- 
bU-oii LAiiavafuttd between that mem- 
brane and the pia mattr^ the pia mater 
not only inllaincd, but ruptured alio 5 
and that the wound leceived on his 
head v\as the caufe of his death ? 

If i'alfe— lias not Mr Foot been 
guilty of the groflcft ijjnorance, or the 
fouielt pcijiiry ? — But from whence 
thc;c iniamcus imputations? — Do they 
aiile fioiii your jomt opinion, that the 
fatUhe lelaiesr.rt falfe, and that Clark't 
death was not occaiioiicd by the wound 
received upon his head ? 

If, by tl-c ignorant or perjured depo* 
fition of Mr Foot, two innocent men 
were found guilty of the murder of 
Ml Clark ; a court of jultice not only 

jfff Addrefs to the Court of Examners. — Anfwer. 137 

take tlM ktd, xxA <fitea Ae o|mi>o«»of 
the court of cxavinen, ia kn aMr 

d wA ■ liMig ud tedmtt trUl, 
■ndatthefiiAe dne br hii eri- 
iriua doct be Merit Id« than 
rk, wbofe liie hw been almoft 
o^T pnferred, bjr ihe new ind 
meJiina of lb* court of eza- 

f, on the other band, a aurde- 
iping iuftice, it let ioofe on the 

uid the cleiuenc^ ebtir- 

iMla|DeDce of jrour apniion tbat 
ind of Clarlc'i wm not mortal, 
lufe of bii death, what do you 

■c alk, whether (if theit be In 
I poffible raorlit wound) an ex- 
ioa of blood between the dmra 

I mater, and a rupture of the 
tTf do not come under that de- 
tion ? Is not thil definition ef- 
d by wriier* of tbe beft credit, 
antpradice and oblervation, ud 
anerable evidencu in judicial 
7 i what 1* the reliill j but that 
and of Clark'i wai abfoluieljr 
itrfif Nor doe* thit reft upon 
: afinnaiion, which might well 

and cffeftiially enough be con- 
witb your fi m pie opinion i ) but 
kd on a balis of truth and rea- 
lich the court of examiaeri can 

fabverl nor deftroy. 

illowed, that fome woundl, mor' 
lemfelves, are Tome time*, though 
lom, cured by the ait of fur- 
It appear! from the Gaiette, 
llliam Bromfictd, Efq; furgeon 
«yal highnefs the princefs dawa- 
Walei, alltiided Clark from the 
VIottai blowi, and wound* of 
d, do Dot alwayi fpeedily difco- 
r fatal effeAs, ihey therefore re- 
leutmoft iitenlioii, u well *i 
loftlkill, preventive and tura- 
Let me alk then, How did Mr 
ttd attend, aud what did he do 
man whilft under hit care r — 
! frequently and plentifully bled f 
i& r^ard wa* paid lo fymptoin* 
• no fymptomt *) why wa» not 
pan applied } — the only means 
icb a chance of life could be 
But may it not be Ihrewdly 

id, that Mr B— d'a many 

locnti deprived him of that ad- 

II But luppofe an ominion in 
•y did he not mSftSc ihe head of 
calcd patient ? Did not duty lo 
d, king) and country, demand 
tntt he mi^hc have been qustijied 
•eiience id a matter of fuch im- 
« a* murder? How then could 
w4, JeMTi) wetkt MfterwMrd, to 
SiM/, Af^. St^ei i?6f.) 


wherein thejr were ftil) left able to fatm 
a true idn tbin himffelf f If tbe court 
of cxaminera cannot fee the pan tbi^ 
haveaficd in a better light than it now 
appear* to the world, will they nM tk- 
pufe themlelTet to tbe ccnfure oF all 
mankind F 

An anfwer to tbefe queriea ud alle- 
gatioDi are expeaed *. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Ai fa- a* truth and jnftice fhall ip. 
pear, more or Itfk, your moft obedimt 
humble firrant, CaiRURGIC0S. 

In a ftvt d*ji tht fdbvmii anfuirr q». 

' rjOES not Mr Foot, fay* tM* wri- 
*-* ' ter, dcpofe upon oath, that 
' Mr Clark'* dura mater watinflamedi 
' blood extravaTated between thu 
* membrane and tbe pia mater, the 

He doe* not. That part of Mr 
Foot'* depolition, to which tU letter- 
writer refer*, in vague and indcfiniU, 
hi* iud^ement, with refpeft to tba 
caufeol Mr Clarke* death Uexpficit 
and deciliTe. 

That tbe publick tnay not be d«- 
ceived by unfair rcprefentationi, it u 
necelTary to obrerve, that at the time 
of Mr Clarke's illneri, a fever prevail, 
ed, attended with fymptomi Cmilar to 
thafe under which he laboured. In 
thil fever, which ii often fatal, tbe 
fame morbid appearance* are found 
after death, which the letter writer 
fuppofe* MrFoot toharedefcribed. 

When thi* is explained, and when 
it i« coiifidered thai Mr Clarke did no^ 
complain for fome dayt after he receav- 

* Mr Bromfield hiTlnj; uken exception 
to the allcfJl'n in ihii iddrefi relilire lo 
hJmrdf, Thaiir tnenMCIttlitf^m tktMl, 
hai undeceiTed (he public by ftitiiig ihe lot- 
lawi>g tt&t, ihai he neTcr faw Clarke hot 
once, and that wii on the linh d*7 after the 
blow wai piien, when he direfled (iich ma- 
decinei ti he ilioufiht proper for hii Immedi' 
aierelieFt thit in [heafiemDoa of ihe fane 
d.i/fbefeot hit GiDio kmiirihe efilEd, whe;> 
he wii [Old cha[ ihec/^rroii^ had been given 
him; and iha[ neiL momLni;,naiiee WII &at 
him [h>i the min died In the night. Theft 
fafti beln): known, ihe ahfurdlir of (he fub- 
fequeni quetiet he layi, muftbe tooobrioM 
TO need I leply. And eoncladoi widi com- 
pliiningof thil ■cieinpc toindncahii chk- 
laflei, wUdi he fiatTCn himfelf be* hiihenn 
been, and viU rc|na' 
•f iBMcmj'lA ta& iraftOM. 

-* Z3 S LeH& to bis Grace on the fuBjeJlf of a tote ' Pardon. 

•d the blow» that he was then feized 
with the ufual fymptomt of a malig- 
nant fever, and that the appearances 
which Mr Foot defcribef,if tliis evi- 
dence has any meaning, are exaftly 
fuch as might have been cccafioned by 
that difeafe. it will be difficult to per- 
fuade the unprejudiced part of man- 
kind, that that blow which Mr Clarke 
received was abfolutely the caufe of 

his death. ... 

Many cafes occur, where it is impoi- 
fible to decide pofitivcly concerning 
the caufe of death; and in evciy 
doubtful cafe, clemency ought to pre- 
vail, fmce it is better that a guilty pcr- 
fon (hould cfcape by a favourable re- 
prcfentation of the cafe, than that an 
innocent pcrfon (hould unjuftly be con- 
demned to death. 

The letter writer's queftions con- 
cerning the confequences of Mr Clark's 
wound, are founded on an imaginary 
reprefcntaiion, not on Mr Foot'i evi- 
dence, & therefore can have no weight. 

To his Grace the 
My Lord, 



BEFORE you were placed at the head 
of affairs, it had been a maxim of 
the Englifh government, not unwilling- 
ly admitted by the people, that every 
ungracious or fevere exertion of the 
prerogative (hould be placed to the ac- 
count of the minifler j but that when- 
ever an aft of grace or benevolence was 
to be performed, the whole merit of it 
(hould be attributed to the fovereign 
himfclf. It was a wife doarine, ray 
lord, and equally advantageous to the 
king and to his fubjeas ; for while it 
prefcrved that fufpicious attention, with 
which the people ought always to exa- 
mine the condua of minifters, it tended 
at the fame time rather to increafe than 
to diminifh their attachment to the per- 
fon of their fovereign.— If there be a 
fatality attending every meafureyou are 
concerned in, by what treachery, or by 
what excefs of folly has it happened, 
that thofe ungracious afts, which have 
diftinguiihed your admini(tration, and 
which I doubt not were entirely your 
own, (hould carry with them a ftrong 
appearance of perfonal intereft, and even 
of perfonal enmity in a quarter, where 
so fuch interc(l or enmity can be fup- 
pofed to exift, without the higheft in- 
juftice and the higheft diflionour ? 0.n 
the other hand, by what judicious ma- 
nagement have you contrived it, that 
the only aft of mercy, to which you 
ircr advifcd jcm f far from ad- 

ding to the iuftre of a charaftei 
gracious and benevolent, (hould 1 
ceived with univerfal difapprobatii 
difguft ? I fiiall 'con(ider it at a 
fterial meafure, becaufe it is an t 
one, and as your meafure, mj 
D— e, becaufe you are the miniffte 
As long as the trial of this cht 
was depending, it was natural e 
that government (hould give him 
po(fible encouragement and fu 
The honourable fervice, for whi 
was hired, and the fpirit with wb 
performed it, made a common 
between your G— — and him. 
M , who by fecret corruptic 
vades the freedom of eleaions, a 
ruffian, who by open violence d 
that freedom, arc embaiked in th 
bottom. They have the fame int 
and mutually feel for each other. 

do juftice to your G 's hum 

you felt for Mac Quirk as you 
to do, and if you had been contei 
afTilt him indireaiy, without a i 
ous denial of jullice, or openly inl 
the (enfe of the nation, you mig^ 
fatisfied every duty of political i 
(hip without committing the hon 
your ■ or hazarding the r 

tion of his government. But 
this unhappy man had been fol 
tried, conviaed and condemned ;- 
it appeared that he had been freq 
employed in the fame fervicei, an 
noexcufe for him could be drawn 
from the innocence of his forme 
or the fimplicity of his charaae 
it not hazarding too much to inl 
the ftrength of the prerogative bi 
this felon and the juftice of his coi 
You ought to have known that 
ample of this fort was never fo 
fary as at prefent ; and certain) 
muft have known that the lot coi] 
have fallen upon a more guilty < 
What fyftem of government is 
You are perpetually complaining 
riotous difpofition of the lower c 
peoplv, yet when the laws have 
you the means of making an ex; 
in every fenfe unexceptionable, a 
far the mod likely to awe the mul 
you pardon the offence, and a 
afliamed to give the fanaion of g 
ment to the riots you complain o 
even to future murders. You ai 
tial perhaps to the military m< 
execution, and had rather fee t 
of thefe wretches butchered \ 
guards, than one of them fuffer 
by regular courfe of law. Hon 
it happen, my L^, that in jour 

niCafi 4 MK)^ mfmrHMf^^i. 






fubieft ? 

k ftemt was lb ntnor- 

jva thoag^ it ncceflanr ti> 

E\ IMM mfims for it to the pablic. 
them bt £ur}y examined. 
r. Yoa hj ika M^t Br9mfiM md 
i- StsrSMgvfgrt mtiixmmmedmt M*§h[irk's 

ITfitd. I will tell your G wbytbef 

"wmaot. Thejmoft have been eza- 
MMil upon oath i and it was forefcen 
Alt Aeir eridenco would either not be* 
Befit, or mi^t be preiudiciai to the pri- 
loMr. OtMrwife is it conceivable that 
hit cooaiel fliould negleft to call in fuch 
■aierial cridence t 

«• YoQ by that Mr Fftt Md mot fie 
tkiit€tafod mnVd after his death. A 
f i yuu , my L-*, miift know ver^ lit- 
de of his profeinon, if, upon examining 
a wound or a contufion, he cannot de* 
ne whether it was moital or not.— 
the party is alive, a furgeon will 
be cautious of pronouncing ; whereas, 

ithc death rf the patient, he is cna- 
d to conGder both caufe and effeft in 
, and to fpeak with a certainty 
~ by experience. 
Yet we are to thank your Grace for 
the eftabliihment of a new tribunal. 
Tbur Imquifitio poft mortem is unknown 
to the laws of England, and does ho- 
BOOT to vour invention. The only 
material ODJe£lion to it is, that if Mr 
.Footers evidence was infuflicient, be- 
caufehe did not examine the wound till 
after the death of the party, much lefs 
can a negative opinion, eiven by gentle- 
ipen, who never faw the body of Mr 
Clarke, eitherbefore'or after his deceafe, 
aothorife you to fupe rfede the verdift of 
a jury, and the fentence of the laws. 

Now, my Lord, let me afk you, has 
It never occurred to your Grace, while 
yon were withdrawing this defperate 
wretch from that jnftice, which the laws 
had awarded, and which the whole peo- 
ple of England demanded againft him, 
ttat there is another man, who is the 
fiivourite of his country, whofe pardon 
wonld have been accepted with grati- 
tnde, whofe pardon would have healed 
all our diviiions ? Have you quite for- 
gotten that this man was once your 
Urace^s friend } Or is it to m s 

only that you will extend the mercy of 
tbeC— «n? 

Xhefe are queftions you will not an- 
(wer« Nor is it neceffary. The cha- 
raftcr of your private life, and the uni- 
ferm tenonr of your public condu^^ 
is 10 anftrtr to them all. 



IN the coorft of oar political udmoi^ 
6ties, nothing has fliocked me A^ 
much as the inhuman rage with whi^ 
ibme perfons (and particularly Mr 
W— es himlelQ have demanded Ui# 
blood of the two Iriihmen, who imfit. 
condemned to die for the murder ^: 
Clarke ; that is, from being prefent ai^ 
and engaged in, the riot where Mt 
Clarke received his wound. Whatever 
may be the conftru^kioii of the law, *tia« 
certain that the chairmen did not intend 
to murder any perfon ; and therefort, 
their cafe ftrongly pleads the exertioa? 
of that part of the royal prerogative (b., 
wifely ordained to temper judgment 
with mercy. In them there was no ma*; 
lice premeditated, nor even momentary 
intention to kill any perfon. I do not 
pretend to fay they were there by acci« , 
dent. I do firmly believe that thty 
were fent $ that they were hired to |^. 
there ; but I believe at the fame tim^ • 
nay, I know, and I appeal to the bitaft . 
of every gentleman in England convert • 
fant in eledions, that it is an univofal, 
or at leafl a very general pra£Uce, to 
employ fuch people to lead voters up to 
the huftings. By the laws of this coun- • 
try, the military are obliged to with- 
draw from the place of elsftion ^ and 
if there is a mobbiOi difpofition amoneft 
the people, which there commonly is^ 
no man of a timorous or quiet nature 
dares go to give his vote, unlefs fan 
knows that there are people provided to 
make way for him through a hoftile ' 
crowd, and to fave his head from tho ' 
cudgel, which on fuch occafions is not 
wielded by Iriflimen only. 

I think I have ftated the cafe fairly, * 
fo help me God! and thofe who re- 
member the mob which attacked Sir * 
W. Beauchamp Pro£^r and Mr Townf* 
bend at the firn ele£kion, muft acknow- 
ledge that it was abfolutely neceffary to 
employ people to aifift the voters at the ^ 

The unlucky event that followed 
upon thisneceriaiy meafure was a mere 
accident, as fatal to the intereft as con* 
trary to the intention of the candidate. 
After all the exaggerated accounts of 
this other maffacre, it appears that no- 
body was killed at Brentford, and only 
one man who was knocked down there 
died Ibme time after. It is very com- 
mon for perfons who have been drink- 
ing and rioting at ele^^ions to die, 
though they never have received a blow, 
but in fi^ch a habjilt of body a rts% (U^Kx 

*jUx- . 

•potnd tnr yrvK frtil 1 .uid it it raj *Mtt\ni^f nft'tn tlttir pro>£T<- alt 
■iiMitiit tut if tbt nnhim mtn hut ' tbdr machmitioni, mftn th King * 
MO pniieAf tikca care of, Iw miglit ■ wbhb no nife or gOoH m^nilhr o. 

' ' woiitd itlll dlie A 

*- hirft, diftitlcfat things to tlicnu 

' fc1*e*,Mc1eir.torirc«ten'heirmanrr. 

• Tbey h»»e not ritll%Kd hit mijer- 

* ty to ■ppnr mn> hh people in hif 

* vm naiire gOodneA. 
' They have framed a funerllitiaut 

* feemine miiim of Ihr?' lor -hirir 
' own turn, tbat. if a king •uii^hjftf 

* mm tB it lirt frtm him, he flinl! xrMi* 
' iavtangMJfirvat^iKbim. WhM 
' the plain truth it, that thit U tba fo- 
' reft wav to prerertfe i king from ha*- 
■ int; illfirvKnti about him. And-the 
' divlnt! rniih likewife b, Mif awm 

It i* no difficult matter to afliKii At 
Botire of thit war-whoop, thia death- 
Angagainftthepaorlriffanien. Ifthcy 
Be pardoned, adminiftnuion b to he 
aftoMfbr imktingthe guilt of blood, 
Iftbcj an cxeeuted, the very perfoD* 
who now demand their livci will ez- 
dum, and with my good rrafau, a* 
ajainft tbolepuGlUnimoui minifteni, who 
Ufrificcd the proper ohjeftt of' roval 
ncrcy to a faCUona and inbiiraan cta- 
nwitr. MEMNON. 

Fml tf Sir BiKJamin Kmfyar^i Jpittt 
trnptrhammt, «^ btfert tbt brtakitg 
■ml ii tbt HAtuia* in 1J40. 


"fmhecoold but fee and feel theii 
'^bbverting i^rv3ivi mncili, which 

* fpcak ]pader than I can fpeak of 

■ tnem j for they ring a doleful dead- 

■ if ImtS onr the whole kingdom. 

* VSi» majefty beft knows who they are. 

* Vtr m, let the matteri bolt out the 
' ACtit their afiions dircoicr thecn. 

-' Tbey aie men ih« talk loudly of 

* tb* Vw^tferviu, and yet havedon* 

* taoM but tbetr own, and thai't too 

■ jttiflcni. 

* Tbey fpeak highly of the king"! 

* ftvitr, bttt tbey have made it a mi- 

* ftrable power, which produeeth no- 

* tbing but wtahtfi, both to the king 
' «iid kingdom. 

' T-hey h»« eahaufted the king'i 

* rtviBtt to the bottom ; nay througb 

* the bottom xnd beyord. 

'They ha»e fpent ■veflfumi of mo- 

* itey, waficfully, fruitlefsty, dange. 

■ rouflyi Co thai wrt imuy, without 

■ other counfelt, wiU be but a fwift 

• They bavc always peremptorily 

■ porfueH one obftinate pernicioni 

■ courfei firft, Ihey bring thiniti to an 

* istreotity, then they make that ex - 

* trcmity ol their own making, the 
' rt»/iM of Aeir next a£Hon, feven 

■ timet worfe than the former, and 

* there we are at this inRint. 

( They have ilmoA fpoiled the beft 

* infiitutcd ^pvernment in the world, 

* (or SfWmgmtj in the king, Liktrly to 
' the fu^jcA, tne proportionable icm- 

* |wr of both, which makei the hap- 
' pieft rtate for power, for richti, for 

* duration. 

* Tkey have PBiBuaerly ud flub- 

Mr Urban, 

TN there timet of general difconient, 
give me leave to propafe, tbrengli 
lbs channel of your Mic^cine, the r*> 
newal of ihat ancient farm of prayer 
i^ in ihe firft parliHment of K. Jamea 
I. in which arc thele remarkable worda. . 
• . * • ". ' And becauTe ovr ' 
' . hearts by nature are not fit for good 
' ' coptations, create a new heart, and 

' far from us all vain-glorioui hnmoor 
' of commending our own wit, all co- 
' vetou) humour s/'ai/'i>aar»rjf *w/r/- ,- 
' vtdt prrfit, all envious humour of ' 
' dilgracing other men's giits ; all ma- 

■ liciout humour of hurting any men'* 
' P"/"- and' iiaallr, all frowaril Iiu- 

* mour of oppolin^ ourTdves againft 
' jiijl, nii^iful, and gtiiij Itingi by 

* luhemftevtr prtfniniiled. And be- 

* caufe all good things are not of equal 
' goiidticft, nor all tiecdfut thinf^s of 
' equal neceflity, let our care and tai 
' he equally i>ropottioned to the degree 

< of things in goodnefa and ncccfliiy 
' dilTcrenE, and therefore, lirft, male* 

■ us careful of the glory of thy name ) 

< neat, let thegood of this ii-j^/lriika^ 

* move our care and zeal by enaAing 

* good law* ; and becjulc no law can 

■ be good that it not ■grecable to thy 
' law, in makinfc laws lo govern thy 
' people, let ui always have an eye us- 
" 10 thy law, not tranrgreffing from the 

■ bely equitj Ibtreef; and what throngfa . 
' thy mercy we Ihall here profitably 

* enaS, we pray ther, through ibe 
' whole kingdom, it may be b-nly ese. 

■ cutect, tbat car gremt bimr ana; Ml 
' itJi^rjuidivi/i/iitU/nut.' 

A Bri StahDik. 

( 141 ) 
A MeoconMKil Account of the Weather, for the Month 
.' of MardL for the Yean 1767, and i76lf ^ continued 
from p. 93. 

W. S. W. flcft. 

** ( 

»9 J 
>9 ff 


•9 9 
'9 *i 

»9 9 
19 9 

N. E. D>5.E. tteh. 
S.*S. W. 'ftdk. 

S. W. 


N.N.E. freft, 
N. f«lh. 
N. E. frdh 
E. N. E. 
N. N. £. 

W. N. W, 


S. W. AgA. 

S. freOi. 


S. S. W, 

W. 8. W. 

N. N. E. 

N. N. £. Hctle. 


fine bft^ daj with • Chr Ijrl^ efaadi 
(6 briKbtmorniog, nctifttnBoa. 
- Mibngli(dv,wUi«iigkt*9>crai 

;ei in the Morning, Hirj iftcmooo. 

inw nr h<il,indbn^ wotheial iwerrili dl day 

^■r- fiofl in the niglt, bright (U y, wet c<r. It BJfhi. 

ighi .ind rJouHv It "rniervBli iTl djy, wet U||)k. 
iU(l>r,wUh niinineninaiMmei, weieitnlng. 

ruiifliineiKd Ihuwen >i inieinli. 

^.ijludij, *i(hlbmaliEitTrfti(nn!nofhiil4inia, 
hoiliOi dtj, viih feieni niawen of nia, 
>udi and fuiiftlnc, and taia at inlemli, et> d ur> 

cry httlj, daUilJ. 
^li^tkfW'ub djingcimdi, 

«T bright (ar dij". 

e».j and moid vill nooo, fair afiErnoon, 
varj fine fpriug day. 
hujTj dull di} , with fome little ii[n. 
diLtd. t giud dral uf tain. 

■ifthi morning, mifliaE ifleinonn. 

finfi hir djj, drr.i,. 

iRhi Iharp div, with* little roiif. 

i>af biiglii day, Ibme licet iu ihi ereninj. 

iphi cleirdajf, 

r.uld black diliitraeabledtj. 

rll inuminE and afiemoon, hright it oojii. 

:>r)'coldda7, with* Aaiteror twi of nn, 

111 morqinji and erening, hiight mid diy. 

igtii morning, dull heary daj, «iihfinne rain. 

i^i and cloudy at iiueirali, ftimc tiiile Ocm, 

heavydirkday, with Ciine little rain. 

very fine day, wiibfboieniiiDg lain. 

isht and cloudj at in.enili ill day. 

Ill mominf-. mining afternoon. 

jtl cloudy djy. 

jll heavy moming, bright aficimxin. 
very fine btigh: day. 
fine bright morning, heaiy dulIafteriBon. 
il, rain, cloudy, and funlhine, aidifeiwRtiniM, 
jtly right, biighidiy, with a liitle brm, wrxeoU 
iiri fioil in ihe night, blight clear day. 

inaming, biiehl d«T, 

hggj inamIng, biighl itj. 
i-ciy bUek cold dij. 

143 Ex^moHm $f tbe Rhu rf tti Ckireb rf Eof^Msi^ 

tiGt I Dm rite wftt- not iniitoled bv our 
Lord Jefnt, becaufe the Holjr Ghoft 
(which is herein to be communicated} 
was not given till after Chrift's afcen- 
fion, John vii. 39. yet in his promiT- 
inff the Holy Spirit to bis difdf^ 
and to remain with hu church forever* 
John xiv, 16. he itemed to fuppoifo 
that there Mf^uld be forae rife inllituteii 

. by.them for the per|>etual collation, 
or bellowing of the fpirit. This office 
of confirmation began .with the firft 
converts whom the apoAles baptised, 
who were confirmed by the immediate 
hand of God, and he, by hi> miracn- 
lous gifts of the Holy Ghoft, fealed 
their baptirm, and attdled the religion 
into which they had entered. But it 
was not long before the Apoftles were 
appointed to minifter in giving the Ho- 
Iv Spirit to the newly baptized, and 
then they inftituted the'rite of laying 
on of hands, and God was pleafed fo 
far to approve their inftimdon, that he 
did aftuall}^ give wonderful meafuret 
of the Spirit to thofe oa whom they 
laid their hands, thereby honouring 
the jgovernors of his church, and en- 
ga^ms all the members thereof to be 

^ Iub)e6t to them, and to be at peace 
oi;e with another. This is proved in 
holy fcripturt, from that famous in- 
Itance, A6)s the vi'iith, verfey 14, 1^^ 
16. when the Simaritans had been 
converted and baprize<i by Philip the 
deacon, they did not receive the Holy 
Ghoft, until St Peter and St John had 
confirmed them, from whence the fa- 
thers generally deduce this pra^ice. 
St Paul did in like manner lay hit 
hands upon fome baptized perfons at 
Ephefus, Ads xix. 6. of which he 
reminds them, Ephef. i. 13. and when 
the fundamentals of religion are reckon* 

^HI woman it ordered to come to 
church, and offer up her public 
pndfes } the birth of man is little left 
than a miracle, and left the frequency 
of it (hould diminifh our fenfe of tip 
the woman, who hath received this 
wonderful mercy, it ordered to come 
to church, and offer up her public 
praifet. The reafon of this command 
of the church, is taken from the ori- 
ginal Uiw of Moles, Levit. 11. which 
cooMuands all women, after they had 
born a child, to come to the houfe of 
God withina certain number of days, 
and with a facrifice to praife God for 
this great mercy, and although the ce« 
remonial reafon be ceafed, yet the ob- 
ligation to make a publick acknow- 
kdgement o( fo eminent a mercy re» 
liiaint ftill, and in all aees chriftian 
mothers have obferved this holy rite. 
The church it appointed to do this in. 
It m aft be done thus publick ly, ift for 
God^t honour, idly, to fatisfy the wo« 
man*s duty, who is boimd to let God*t 
gbodneli be (hewed forth, that others 
mjiy learn to truft in him. 3dly, by 
this means, many are brought to join 
in God*s praifes for fo publick a mercy, 
and thertfo.e to do this in a private 
houle, is abfurd, and contrary to the 
main end of the office. 

Of tbi C^mmituuioit mfed tbt prft Day 
•f Ltmt. 

^pHE reafon and occafion of compof- 
-^ ing this office, was to fupply the 
want of primitive difcipline, that every 
man may judge himfelf, fince the 
church now judgeth ib few offenders, 
the fentences or God's curfes agaiaft 
impenitent finners are read, in imitati- 
on of the Jews, who were appointed 
by God yearly to obferve this office, 
laying Ajnen. At it is no adverb of 
wi(hing, it fignifiet no more than an 
aflent of the truth to that to which it 
it added. 

The ufe of this office is to make ut 
llee fuch vices, and repent of them 
which are here mentioned, fince we 
acknowledge the curfe and vengeance 
of God doth defervedly follow fuch 
tint and finners. 


fH)iifirmation it appointed to confirm 
^^ and ratify with our own mouths 
the promifet made by our god- lathers, ' 
and to receive new ftrength b^ the 
bleffings and prayers of the bithop. 
It it a holy rite which the church 00- ' 
ierveimhaawaxm of the apoftiet prac- 

ed up. Heb. vi. i, 2. among them it 
placed the laving on oi luinds, which 
in re^rd it follows baptifm, and is a 
do^nne to be taught young beginners^ 
it is moft likely to be meant of Con- 
firmation, and is fo inteipreted by the 
fathers. This apoAolical ufage wat 
nottoceafe, when miraculous infpi- 
rations did not accompany it, becaufe 
the Holy Spirit i& to abide m the church 
for ever, and Chriftians have and need 
it now really and effectually to the 
purpofes of fan6lification as any had 
it then, therefore there is no reafon 
that the right of communicating it 
fliould ceafe. sdly. The church did 
in every a^e c-ontinue this cuflom of 
confirming after bapti(m» sidiich proves, 
* that they did not imagine that it was a 
temporyinftitutionj ^9 r^cdit, there* 
forei it to condemn the univedad pra^ 

Feigtifon'j Method »/ 

tie* of the dmrch, to which, certain- 
IjF, a wetj Ei^X "Werence ii due. TTie 
peribn to be ccHilirmrd ii interro^itcH, 
Do you heir! becaufeiE jivetthe pirtf 
to be obliged opportuniry to confiJcr 
what he ii to binil himrdt unto, and (a 
niav give a dritbei'ale iitfwtT. One 
godfatfaer or godmother it required 
lobe prefent, tor greater recurity, aia 
pied^ of finccrity, and to be continual 
monitor m keep the vow, u nell ai a 
iriineri of the (ante. There verfei and 
■■foen are ufed upon the hearing of 
the peiioni good eonfeflion, ihe whole 
church exprefi their joy and defires, 
that it may be confirmed in Tome of 
thofe wordi of David'i Pfalmi, which 
ITC very properly infened here, that 
the whale cungregaiion may join in Ihe 
pmfeflion at their faith in God, in 
giving g'ory to him, and in begging 
•cceiinnce from him ) and the Ian 
phralc ia doubled, to (hew the vche- 
Bient defire and fervent aSeAiona of 
the peiitioneri. We pray for the Holf 
Spirit in ihii office, becaufe in baptirm 
the Holy Spirit givet only what ii fof- 
iictent to make ui innocent. But in 
Con Arm at ion it givea increafe, and 
makei ut gracious, accordingto which 
ancient daSrine, the piayer ii com- 
pofed to atunoviledge (he former gift, 
and then to petition for the lecond. 
The laying on ot hand« (ufcd in this 
office) i) one of (he moft ancient cere- 
moniet in the world, ubferved by Ja- 
cob in giving hit blrlTing, and ufed by 
our Lord Chrift and hit Apoftlo. 

Thii Rite i« performed by a bifhop, 
becaufe our church it carelut to keep 
tollxapoAolicil paiiem, in theperfon 
at well at in the ceremony, becaufe 
though Philip bad liberty both to 
preach and baptize, yet the Apodlei 
only could confirm, idly, Thii pecu 
liar priviledgeof conrirming, referved 
to the bifhap. it apt to beget a greater 
veneration of it in the mind* of de- 
Tont people, and to make them expeft 
nobler cite ft) from that office, which 
none but the higbeft minifterof reli' 
gion can celebrate. 

By thit Rite we (ignify, that the 
Lord will ftretch out hit hand to de- 
fend ui againll all our fpiritual ene- 

XlMnc Mttbtd ef fmJIruSiKg Smn-Diali, 
Jar BMj gi-ntx laliliuie, iinlhiul lit a/- 
Jj/loKt »f Dialing S^alti, tr L^aritb- 
mk CaUx/uiioMt. By Jimet Fergu- 
fon f. R. S. 

DRAW the Itraight horizontal Iioe 
BAD (Sf. t.) of an/ »a. 

eenfiruQing Sun Dials. j^j 

vcnient length, and on the end D 
thereof raife the perpendicular DE. 

Bife£t BAD at A, and draw the 
right lin 

place for which the dial ii to lerve, a* 
fuppofe 51'} far the latitude of Lon- 
don. Draw alro the right line FCD, 
making an angle at D. with the hori- 
zontal Tine BAD equal to the co-la- 
titude of the place, or height ol th* 
equinoitial. So. FCD will be per- 
pendicular to ACE, BAD, willhea 
horizontal plane feen cdgewife, O E a 
Yertical plane, FCD tbe plane of Ili« 
Cfluinoflial, and A C E the axii or flile 
of the dial ; the whole irianele ADE 
reprcrcnting (he whole broad plate or 

Around the interl'eflion C, ai a cen- 
ter, wirh the radiutCD, defcribe ikt 
circle F 6 D 6 F, and divide iti cit- 

ning at 

the pointi of diviGon, which are raui- 
diftant from F, by the ftraigtit linea 
I II, 1 lo, 39, 4 %, ic. containing 
ai many of thefe linei at are needflS 
to the horixontat line B A D, and to 
the vertical line DE. 

Continue ED down to J (fig, 1.} 
and draw iJ parallel And equal to BD. 
Draw alfo the right line A*f a, from 
fig. 1. to fig. ». and that line will 
be perpendicular to the line hJ in 
iig. 1. cutting it in tbe middle point c. 

From fig. I. take CF or CD in 
yourcompalTei; and in fig. 1. fei that 
diUance from r to / upwards, and front 
r to d dovrnwardi, on ihe right line 
jteca. So/fa in fig. 1. fliall be c 
qualtoFCD in fig. 1. and be Jin fig. 
1. Ihall be equal to B A D in fig. i. 

On ihcfe two linei if J and ira 
make theellipCt bopqr. Sec. according 
to the common rale tor defcribing an 
eilipfit upon the tranfverle and conjit. 
gate d'limcteribid and /ra. Then, 
from tliore pointi in the horiiontal 
line BAD (fig. i.) where the right 
linei 111, 1 10, J 9, Sec. meet it, at 
at d, I. J. g, h. A, f. Jt, I, n, », draw 
the right linei J'.ff,, Sec. quite 
through the ellipCt, and all parallel to 
theright line .*frn. Then, from the 
middle puint r of Ihe ellipfij, draw 
righi linei 10 thofe points of iti cir- 
cumference where tbe forefaid parallel 
linei cot it j and they Ihall be the true 
hoiir-Iinci fur a horiiPntil dial; to 
which fet the ho:irt, at in fi^. a. LaH- 
lyin fig. 1. draw r^paralFcl to A CE 
in fifr 1. aTutrjUikU be tbe ^xw at 


FogdobV MttMff m^fti^n^SOt DiOt. 


itdgt of the tile eilj that cattt tht Iha- 
dovr on tba traMoTihe day. 

The horary fpacet^ or angular dif* 
tances of the hours on the dul, being 
thus found, there it no occafion for 
confining the hours thereon, or the 
' lengths of the hour lines, within the 
ellipfiss for they may be produced 
btyond it to any diftanoe, and the 
hour letters placed io a circle at in 
fig. 4* 

A geometrical method for defcrib- 
thc whole or half an ellipfis will be 
- fliewn liirther on. 

From fig. i. continue out the hori- 
sontal line BAD to any length, as to 
. xn in fig. 3. Then from the points 
• .*** in the perpendicular D £ (fig* 1 .} 
where the parallel lines 5 7» 4 Sf 3 9> 
a to^ and 1 1 1 meet it, draW the right 
lines H, I, K, h, M, N, all parallel to 
the horizontal lineBADPxii. pro- 
ducing them at pleafure, and, in fig. 
3. draw Ki xii parallel to D £ io fig. 
I. This done, take C F or C D (fig. i.) 
In your compaifes^i and fet off its length 
both ways from G (fig. 3.} to vi and 
VI, on the ri^ht line MH vi G vi. 
,80 VI G VI in tig. 3. (hall be equal to 
FCD in fig X. and xii G in fig. 3. 
ihall be equal to DE in fig. i. 

On VI G VI as a conjugate diameter, 
and G xii as a femi-tranfverfe diame- 
ter, defcribe the fcmi-elliprc vi, vii, 
VIII, IX, &c. and to thofe points of it 
where the parallel lines H, I, K, L, 
M, and N cut it, draw the right lines 
G yi, G VII, G vixi, G ix, &c. as in 
the figure; and they will be the true 
hour lines for an erc6t direct iouth di- 
al : and they may be produced beyond 
the ellipfis, and limited either by cir* 
cular or Iquare lines, between which 
ehe hpurs may he placed. 

Laftly,drawPG in fig. 3. parallel to 
ACE in fig. I. and PG will be the 
axis or edge of the ftile P xii G for 
cafttng a (badow on the time ot the day. 

And thus, by means of fig. i. con- 
'Aru6ted for any given latitude, either 
m horizontal or vertical dial may be 
made for that latitude. . 
•' If you want a iouth dial to incline 
by any number of degrees, as fuppofe 
x6, draw the line D ss, making an an- 
gle of 16 degrees with the perpendi- 
cular D£, in fig. I. Then Dk fliall 
:be the femi tranfverfe axis of the el- 
lipfe, and C6 the femi conjugate t and 
right Unas drawn -parallel to DP xii 
outte through the Oemi-ellipfis, from 
Wc points *** in Da:, where it is cut 
hy the parallel Jlnef $7* ^^f 19» ^c* 

Ihall cat the icmi-ellipfii in thofe poinfa 
through Vhich the hour lines murt be 
drawn, as from G in the upright fouth 
dial, fig. 3. 

It you want to make a reclining 
footh dial, draw the line D H (fig. i.; 
making an angle with the perpei>dicu- 
lar D E equal to the intended angle of 
reclination, and produce D H and CB 
till they meet. From D to that meat- 
ing, will be the length of the femi« 
tranfverfe axis of the ellipTe, and from 
C to 6 the length of the femi conju- 
gate I which being found, proceed in 
all refpefts as above for the fouth op* 
right dial. 

To draw the ellipfis, and find the 
hour- points in it, obferve the tollow- 
inft method. 

For a horizontal dial, as €g. 4. 
Make the radius AK of the circle 
BKDL equal to AD in fig x. and crofa 
the circle at right angles by the two 
. diameters BAD and KAL, and divide 
the circle into 24 eoual parts, begin- 
ning at B. Connea thefe points of 
divifion, which are equidiftant from 
B, by the right lines a/, bg^ €h^ &c. 
■11 parallel to KAL, as in the figure. 

Make the radius A G of the circle 
FGHI in Fig. 4. equal to CF in fig. i. 
and divide FGHI into 14 equal parts^ 
beginning at I. Then through thefe 
points of divifion, which are equidif. 
tant from I, draw the right lines 7 5, 
1 4, 93, 10 2, &c.till they meet the 
former right lines, ek^ di^ cb^ &c. in 
the points 75, S 4, 9 3, 10 2, and i x i» 
on both fides of the diameter BAD i 
all which points are in the elliptical 
curve, and it is to be drawn through 
them, by hand, as in the figure. 

And right links drawn from the' 
center A through thefe points in the ' 
ellipfis, will be the true hour lines for 
a hori2K>ntal dial. 

To draw the ellipfis for a vertical 
fouth dial, make D E (in fig. i.l the 
radius of the largeft circle, and C F 
the radius of the fmalleft x the diamo- ^ 
ter of the former gives the tranfverie" 
diameter of the ellipfis, and that of ^ 
the latter gives the conjugate s which 
being found, conftrudt the ellipfis the ' 
Xiroe way for the vertical dial as above 
fiiewn for the horizontal \ then draw 
the hour- lines in the fame manner, 
from the center of the dial, throuah 
thofe points of the ellipfis where the 
interfc^tioBS of the crofs lines meet it» 
as in the horizontal } ahd the thing 
will be done* 

10. Tie 



JO. Am Effkj M tbt Nainraf Hifitrj tf but the i**od anti lb modi Ininred ibf 

'a m Stub Amtricd. itHlaiiiine an 
Mtouml ,/ itt Baimat and vrs'iaUt pra. 
daamm, Md of tbi rtbgha, nuaweri, 
nJrMflomi tf fi-jiral Initi tf in i^ba. 
Uta,li, ,» a firm aj UlUri, ty EJvjard 

MR Bancroft refided about three 
ycBrt at Guiana, in & mt^dical ' 
eharaaer.init tliii b.>ok ii written iin- 
nedUtely from hti own knowledge. 

Guiana wai firft Hircovtred by Co- 
himbui in 1498. it tiEa between tlie 
7th degree ot norlh, anJ jtli degree 
of fomh latituile, and between tlie 
5ld and 6cith degrc^i uF lunzitude 
Mil from LondoH. 't ii bounded on 
tbe notlh and eaft by the Atlantic, 
on the weft by the riser Oroonoco, on 
Ibe fouth by the river of Amazon, 
aad on the weft hy the rtver Negroe, 
whicb coDimuniciiM with the other 

It la now divided between the Spa. 
niardi, Dutch, French, and Portu- 
Kuefe, but except itt fea coall, and die 
landi adjacent to iti rivert, it bai hi- 
therto remained nnknown to all but 
iU original nalivei. The tatctt com- 
plen ot moilern hiAary have nut iMren 
able 10 determine wliethcr its nativei 
iJTed in congregated multitudes, or, 
U h the cafe, were difperfeil in lepe- 
rate families or trihei over the whole 
country; and even thefe obfervatiiini 
extend onij; to the Dutch ttfrritotie., 
(or to foreignrr, ihofe of theSjia. i- 
•rd*, French, an^ Poitugucle are in< 

Thif country, on accout of the di- 
•rerfi'}* and fertility of itt foil, and of 
its vicinity to the equator, uhich paf- 
fei through it, affurdi altnult all the 
produiWon* ot the different American 
countries between the tropics, befi<lei 
k variety of curiout objccls peculiar 

Dutch Guiana wa* formerly the pro- 
^rty of the Englifli, who made iet- 
tlements at Surinam, where a kind of 
Jcorrupt EngliOi is fiill fpol^en by the 
negroef. The Dutch took it in the 
leign of Charles the fecond, and it 
waiceded to rhem by tieaty in 167^, 
in exchange for what fhcy hid pjreli- 
ed in the province now called New 

Tbe land for fifty mileiiipthe coun- 
try from tbe feacoalt, iiflar, »nd dur- 
ing the rainy feafoni, covered two 
tcet high with water. This render* 
h incoDceivabjy fertile, the earth for 
twelve locfaet deep being a Itra'um of 
pcrfeft inaBure j an aitempi ivu once 
iude toeairy Amcofh t» Birbadoct, 

veflel, that it wa* never regtea/Ed. Thf. 
cxceflive richnefi of the foil is a dif' 
advantage, for the canes arc too luxu- 
riant to make guod lugar, and the|W> 
ftire during tbe tirft and fecond croB 
are converted iqto rum. 

There aie fome tieei on thit part, 
hut ibey are Imalt and low, cunfiAioj 
chiefly of a fmall fpccict of ualm, ioi' 
.termixed with a leaf near tbtitp feet 
long, and three feet wide, which growf 
in ciufteri, called a TroeUe, and at tbf 
edgei of current watert vith ntutf; 

Farther inland tbe coiititrv rifei, an4 
the foil, though ftill fertile, 11 lefi du- 
rable i it it covered with fortfti of va^ 
lukble timber, that are always green, 
9nA there are fome fandy hillt, tbou^ 
no mountains) in the French terrica- 
riei, however, there ace mouniaiDi aG> 
cording to tbe report of the Indiana 
for they havenevef bee4*ilited bfaoy 
other people. 

In this country tbe heat it feUoni 
difagreeable t the trade wiudi by day, 
the land brtezei in Ihc evening, «nd 
the invariable length of the nightk 
with gentle dews refrelh the air, ana 
render it temperate and falubiioui* 
fufh thing, fayi (hit au> 

the jcar ii equally proper for pUnting' 
and gatheiing, and in every part <$ 
tbe year, bloifcmi, green, and ripo 
fiuil are to be tound upon the ffiuf . 

tree; yet be a'tdi in^niediately alter- 
wardi,thatlherearet«owet feafoni an4 
two dry feafoDS, of three monthi each, 
in every year, and that during inori 
than a monih. in each wet feafon tb« 
rain is incelfant ) it ii to be prefumed, 
that this part of the year, at leaft, ij 
not lo proper, either tor phn'ing or 
gathering, u others. T!:e dry feafoaf 
commence fix weeka bclore the equi- 
noxet, and continue lix monlbg ^fter. 
waitli. The wet feafont are luort 
wholcfome than the dry, becaufp the 
rains keep the naur that covers the- . 
low ISiidi next the f«a ttclh, aad in 
motion { during the dry fealbn it Uag> 
nates, and as it waKet bccoinet puitid, 
fending up very unnholelbnqe exjja- ' 

There are fome very fine jred and 
white agates in Guiana, which remaia 
untouched, and luinet of gold and Gt- 
«er which ;he Dutch WiUnot lulI^M 
be wrought. '. 

Befidci many trees anA ^3.n>i^V^». 
have been often ani a^cuvaAeVi it^- 

cribed, Guiuui pu4u«i * yt» :'^* 




w m ' m— wffwnw 

Id 4f Aiir #fl* JtMMrif. 

riety MCi|1i«r.lQ itftlf, for an accoant 
oi^ wnicti, the curioui nituraliti tt re- 
fcrrtd CO the work, particularly the 
Simaroba tree, the bark taken from 
the roots of which* tt efteemed fpedtfic 
is dyfenteries. llie Camna^ a fmidl 
poifoiiouf mit. which the Indiant re- 
duce to a powder and conceal under 
their nails at their meetings when they 
intefld to revenge an injury, till they 
-^ao put it into the drink of their rip- 
timi it's operation is flow, but fare. 
The Woer^m^ a fpecies of the Nibbus^ 
called by the Spaniards BiJMe§s i they 
art a fpecies of ligneous cordage, fome 
flat, fome round, of great length ; thejr 
dimb the higheft trees, deftitute both 
of leaf and oranch, and defcending, 
tilke new root in the ground, remount 
te ne&t tree, and frequently kill them 
by 'mere compreflion. The round Ni b« 
bees are innoxious, the flat poifonous. 
The Woorara is a flat nibbee, ufed by 
tfie Indians in a compofition to poifofi 
fbeir arrows. The poifon of fome of 
thefe Nibbees is fo aftive and fatal, 
that the Indians are afraid to cut them. 
There are fome animals alfo peculi- 
ar to Ouiana, particnlarYy the Laubba* 
This animal is amphibious, the body 
)s round, (hort, and thick, about equi^ 
ill fize to that of a pig four months 
tfld. The neck is thick and (hort, and 
the head is ftiaped like that of a pug 
dog, but its eyes and ears are fmaller, 
it has no tail, its legs are (hort, and its 
fcet Uke a dog*s ; it is covered with 
ine (hort hair, of a chefnut colour, dt« 
voflfied with white round fpots on the 
back, and quite white on the belly. 
The flefh is tender and delicate, and 
by the Europeans preferred to ail 
other meat. The diffierent fpecies of 
monkeys in Guiana are innumerable. 
Mr Bancroft fays, he faw almoil every 
day fome fpedes that he had not feen 
btnire. Perhaps their kinds multiply 
by a promi(cuous mixture, as dogs do 
among us. There is a Hedge hog per 
cidiar to Guiana, which, however* oy 
fbB defoription can fcarcely be diftin- 
Muflwd from others $ there are alA> 
Bats twice as large as ours,and without 
ia tail s moft people in Guiana fleep in 
banunocks, as more fecure from fer- 

Ss and poifonous infeds | but this 
not licart them from the batts, 
which approach any part of the body 
Chat buaCDvered, mierally the feet, 
open a yein, andf inck the blood dl) 
they ace fiidsfied i it is not uncommon 
for people to awake pnd find them^ 
Mves n^nt, and wet with tiieir owiy 
l^kCKxL Tbere is alft pecpliir to Ga- 
Im# f tofwr-pyiiiffnftni toaacailfld tht 

Phm I iu young are bred in the bad; 
or the niaie, where the female depo* 
fits the cg^js. 

There is a peat variety of beautUr 
ful birdif in Guiana, but moft of theni 
have been defcribed by other writers* 
Several perfonsin the Dutch colony 
employ tnemfclves and their flaves w 
lulling and preferving birds for the 
cabinets of Europe. The manner of 
dbinji; it, hitherto unknown in Europe 
is thisi 

The bird is put into a oroperTefiel. 
and covered with the fir(t runmng^ of 
the difttllation of rum \ in this $irit 
he remai))s ^% hours or longer, actOTi 
ding to his fize, till it has penetrate4 
every part of his body } he u then ta« 
ken out and his feathers placed fm6ot]| 
and regular; he is next put into % 
machine made on purpole, and hb 
head, feet, and wings being placed vb^ 
a natural po(]tion as when ahve, he ia 
fet in an oven very moderately heated^ 
where he remains till he is perfeftly^ 
but (lowly dried \ after this, the jpo£« 
tion will be always retained^ and tha 
fubftance preferved from putrefaffioBi 
and the colours from change. 

The fi(hes defcribed in thil book 
have alfo, moft of them, been defiaibaa 
before, but in the account given ^ the 
Torpedo. eel, the author refudtes tha 
opinion of Reaumur, that the (hock 
of the Torpedo is the tfkSt of a ftroke 

aiven wi^h great quicknefs to the limb 
lat touches it, by mufcles of a pecn* 
liar (truAures he takes for granted 
that the (hock of the Torpedo, and the 
terporiHc eel are produced in the fame 
manner, and, with refpe^^ to tl^ ee)f 
be relates the following fafVs. 

If it is caught with a hook and^» 
the perfon that holds the line taeU ^ 
fliock like that of elearitity. 

If a perfon who touches it with a 
rod, holds the hand of another perfiuu 
and that perfon of a third, ana fo w 
to a dozen, a violent (hock will be felf 
by all at the fame inftant, 

If a perfon holds his finger in tha 
water, at the diftance of ten feet fixMoa 
the fim, he will receive a violent fliock 
at the moment when the flfli is touched 
by another perfon* 

If the fifli is enraged ^nd pots his 
head above water, and the hand of m 
perfon comes within five or fix inches 
of it, he will feel a fliock, neady tha 
ftme as if at another dme he touched it. 

Quiana abounds in Cerpenti of mii . 

nous k)nd$. jyir Baaopft ftys» a ftr* 

pent, not venepious^ to whicn ha ail 

figns jio name, Wm la|ely kiSieC VBi 4 

' iIS«w5|bcq{p 

Vft if ScokS'-vith Rokirkti 

titty tet in lengtb, and 
1 cacumfnence i he. de- 
Iufin{[ a broad head, a 
I, piaminent eyes, and a 
irnitd with two clawi, lilie 
nchiUcock. Armalldeer 
1 in fbmicht fo far digeft- 
piit of it wpuld hang to- 

X- W» one oF the ferpcnti 
tifb(sn>) of which there ve 
tree forti in Guiana, that 
■ wa* the fmilteft kindi 
exsAly of the fame thick- 
■ia> it it a foot loHg, and 
be flem of ■ common to- 

tbe cviaar it a dull blue i 
I of tbii fnake having the 
d appearance, it hai neen 
M«e too headi j but upon 
nioation, a mouih ii dif- 

one end only. Whether 
•et, or a rclemblance of 
I eadt, the author hat not 
: he niCntiona the e^ei, in 
bat a mouth, ai bem^ Te- 
at not readily to be dirco- 
ile hii book was printing, 
I particular derctiption and 
a two-headed ferpent of a 
id, that was found near 
plain in North America, 
, who was Tent wiih one of 
-aughtlmtn to make a fur- 
;,3ke during the late war ) 
tdoet notname,buiIhink« 
nnqueftlonable. Thitrer- 
ch there it a cut at the be- 
lebook, it defcribed to be 
ichei long, largcft in the 

terminating in a (lender 
•Ay, at the other end, it 
ividcd into two necki of 
>each of which wai joined 
id, with two eyei, a large 
throat, a forked tongue, 
'the Tame kind with ihofe 
T-rnafce. This (erpent, if 
at there be, ii certainly a 
untable anomaly, adevia- 
at order which nature nat 
haveeftablilhed in all her 
: we have the fame antho- 
eving tliit creature to be a 
>C have for believing it to 
tancroft fayi, that the ofh- 
oghtfman who found and 
t, were " previoully told 
tM*, of the exiftence of 
:l one of which ibif had 
ibajr in Lake Champlain, 
Kcn called DmiU-biadt^ 

■«f iduioM ut iaaumen- 

ble, owing to the coBfiant warmth and . 
humidity of the climate, but at laaft 
of them wt kaown to naturaltftt, and 
the rooS interefting and curioiu parti- 
culan only can be taken into thi* ac* 
goudF, the nader who dcErw to fcB 

The inhabitantt of Gniana, ai» d* 
tber nitivet; who arc of a reddifh 
brown, or negioet and Earopeani. or 
■ mixed pn^oy of tbefa in vari lui 

The native* of Guiana, improMrlj 
called Indiinf, are divided into diffe-' 
rent tribet.inoreorlert inl^ffatcocdand' 
and pnlilhedi at they are more or left 
remote from the fettlemcnt* of Euro- 
peani. The principal tribce of irtdch 
we have acquij«d any knowledge, ai« 
the Caribbee>,ihnAccawawi,tlM War- 
rowt, and the Arrowauki i theyfpeak- 
differint langnagei, or pertiapa vij: 
different diale&tof tba fafne laii£iw*R 
and have fomc dif^eaoea atfo in rat- 
ture and complexion i they allow no- 
lygamy, and have do divifion of Una* t 
the men go to war, hunt, and filh, and 
the women look after domeftick con' 
cerni, (bin, weave in their fafliion, and 
look after the planting Calbva, and 
Manive, the only thing* which ib tb>> 
country are cultivatedby the nativeij 
Tlieir armi are bow* and arrowi, Ihort 
poifoned arrow*, blown tbroogh a 
reed, and club* made of a heavy jMrd 
wood, called iron wood. Tbey eit thtf 
dead bodlet of thofe that are Qain ia 
war, and fell thofe tof Ilavet whom thay 
take prifonen ) their wart being 
chiefly undertaken to fumifii the Bit- 
ropean plantaliont. 

The Accawan tribe are the fiMttin> 
terior inliabitaott of tbii country that 
we have any knowledge of i tbey are 
not numeraiw, but. formidable, upoa 
account of thetr fuoerior art ui tha 
preparationi of poiion of the moft 
deadly power, 

AH ihefe tribe* go alm^ naked | on 
particular occafiont ibe^ wear capi of 
iBathert ( but ai cold u wholly ua> 
known, they cover no part but that 
which diftingwifiia the lex. 

They arc abearfnl, biunan^ and 
fri<ndly,but ti laid, except when heatr 
ed by Imiuoti aii4;drunkennefi i* a very 
toaunon viceanong tliem. 

Tbcif houtc* conGft of (our ftako, 
fet up in a wtadntagular form, witk 
>croft polei, boond together by fplit 
NMMt, and cnvered whfa ifae lane 
leave* called Trocliaa \ Vbm V&c, vh 
antbulatwy, and ibck ki«gfe|%Uj^^ 


jintiip ahit Ulcen down in a few hours, 
ssalmod all they have te .carry with 
them, when ihcy remove from place 
to place, which, as they -generally in- 
habit this hanks of the rivers, they do 
by water in nnall canoes, j a few 
l^eflels made by the women cf clay, a 
^at done on which they bake their 
breads and a rough ftone on which 
they grate the roots of the CafTava, a 
hammock and a hatchet, are all their 
Ibrnhiire and utenfils ; mcft of them 
however have a bit of looking clafs, 
frame;' in p.'.per, and a comb. 

The poi'bn-.'d anow.; are maiie of 
IplinterJi of a hard heavy wooii, called 
Cokarito; they are about 12 inches 
long, and fome^bat thicker than a 
bourfe knitting needle ; one end is 
formed into a fliarp point ; round the 
Othi^r is wound lome cotton to make it 
fit the bore of the reed thron,;h which 
it is to be blown ; they will blow thefe 
miTOWs forty yards, with abfolute cer- 
tainty of hitting the mark, and with 
force cnouj;h to draw blood, which is 
bertain and almolt inthinr death. 

The redpe by which ihe arrow poi- 
fbn h piepared, is ;?s follow!; : 

Of the bai-k ot the root of the Woo- 
i'kri fix parts. 

Of the bark of Warracobba coura 
t«^o parts. 

Or the bark of the roots of Couranu- 
i>i, Baketi^ and HatwhybaIy,of each one 

. It does not appear that thefe ingre- 
dients are known in Europe, therefore 
\h'tv have no other names than thefe, 
Which are Indian ; and. it is remark- 
kbie, that thou[^h the botanical part of 
^his work is a great proportion of the 
Whole, St cohtains no account of the 
Ireies from which thefe ingredients are 
taken^ except the Woorara, only that 
they are all Nibbeet. The Hatcbybalj 
Is once mentioned by the name of 

EafebfMIa, anlong others, of which 
e defcription is waved as tedious and 
Thefe ingredientia are finely fcrapcd; 

Elit into an Indian pot, covered with 
pater^ and (immered about a quarter 
bf an hour. The juice is then ex- 
brelfed fVoni the bark by the bands, 
fakit)^ great cKft that the fkin is un- 
Dtoken : the bark is thk'owti away,and 
Vhe juice evaporftteti to the confiltence 
4bf tar) flat (>i)Pbek of the wood of 
jDokarito Sl^e dipped in it, tO which the 
Tiron Adbenss, avid when cold, appears 
hke & giJ w of a brown reddifh colour. 
Thefe {i?«:ek 6f VfroOil are k*»pt ih rane^^ 
t/o/ir/t' i.t>i'rri?d *r rtch eiid witi) fkio«, 
Jt/ii/ tjius the poiton i& picfeivcd liU it 

oj B(Hiks-''-wiib Remarks. 

is wanted. When the point of ail ff* 
row is to he envenomed, it is eithef 

dipped in a folution of this poifon iif 
water, or the poifon i? held brer the fire 
till it melts, and the arrov.- fmeared 
with it. The fmallelt quantitjr of thit 
pi:i'on, conveyed by a wound into thjft 
red blood velfrfls of any animal, kills it 
in lefs than a minute, without much 
appearance of pain and uneafinefs : a 
few grains, mixed with as many ounces 
of hfood, warm from the veins, totally 
prevents a feperation of theferum and 
cr-4{rair.entum,and the whole mafs cori* 
tinuc:; fi'iid till it putrifies, whiciT doet 
pot hnppen fooner than if the mixture not been made. It is however, 
reniarkable, that it the point of an ar- 
row thus poifoned, is dipped in the 
j'jice ot a limon, which is frequently 
d(.ne when they are over dry, they con- 
tinue to be equally fatal, but the blood 
drawn from animals, at the inf^ant of 
expiration, regularly feparates,and af- 
fords no uncommon appearance. The 
poifon mixes, without ebullition or ef- 
fcTvefceuce, both with alcaiies and a- 
cid?, but when mixed wrth an alcali, 
its rcddiOi brown colour becomes yel- 
lcwi<l). What is here faid, howevcr,of 
the different tifefts of this poifon, uied 
with or w^hout a limon, is not fatis- 
fadlory, fur there is great difference 
betaet-n n^ixing this poifon with the 
blood, in the proportion of a grain tO 
an ounce, and conveying into the - 
i\ho!e vital mafs of an animal fo much 
only as a flight wound can receive 
from the point of an inflrument, which 
pcrhrps did but juft draw blood. 
. Afzainft this poilon, Mr Bancroft 
knows no antidote. The Indians ne- 
ver ufe thefe poifoned artows in war» 
but in hunting only, and chiefly ajgainft 
monkiesj the flefli of an animalthui 
killed, may be faftly eaten, and even 
the poifcn itfelf fwallowed with impu- 

All the tribes of Indians ih Dutch 
Guiana, believe the exiltence of one 
fiipreine God, the author of nature, 
and of inferior beings, always difpoffd 
to UiiiLhef, e)(a£fly fuch as our devils ; 
tltc-y have conjuiers among them, who 
p.erend to an iiitfrconrfe with thefe 
dtviis, and an influence over them; 
nnd have ceremonies much like what 
\^ t.illed pflfw ivaivinj* in other partt 
'ot America; that has been often dc- 
fvribtd t thty Ict-m rather towifh thai! 
believe a hitiireifate, and a<tthey Uiifcr 
no anxiety ab<utthe next hour, they 
luircr dill Itf? about the next life, 
They bury thrii dead naked 1 when 

tAfi ef Books—with Remarki. 

Sirrowj in a tlrunken feafl i and when 
Ihc hotiy has hin fo Irtng in (he c.irlh 
l^t the Helli ii fuppolc<l la be rotlcn, 
Atbonei uc taken oat, aiid dillri- 
bnted among the relation*! thiacere- 
nonyisUCaittended with ■ drunken 
feaft. A^ ttie ceremony of Riirria^e 
b nothing mare i tfaongh polygamy ii 
dlmred. It )i hot oRco pra£liled| but 
— ••" —- — 'e it grown old and difi- 
, rl; atout S yean -'■' '- 
e houfe, who afb i 
. _..neflic employment! tilla- 
:, and being then marriageable. 

The Indian* have no chief, yfet lir- 
lag in a Hate in which artificial wantk 
bave not produced a general oppofition 
bFintereft, and where natural wanti are 
■aflj fupplied, their vicei are bnt Few. 
Continence before marriageia noi con- 
lidcred at a vinue } a man caret not 
wbether the woman he marriea it a »ir- 
po or not, but no injury i« fo furely 
icveflged at the infidelity of a wife. 

Noihing it cultivated here by the 
MtiTn bat Rantint, Caflava, and 
Tamt, and one month'* cultivation it 
Ibfficicnt for atl thcfe. The men are 
■fl huntert, and they can alwayi lind 
game, or (ilh, if they prefer it, without 
danger or (oil. They drefa it by boH ■ 
jhg, either in water, or in the juice of 
the cafFava, and fearon It ver^ high 
with kyan, or re^ pepper, which Mr 
Bancroft recom men dt ai very whole- 
liMne, corroborating the fohdi, and 
promoting digeflion, e^cially in hot 
toantriei. The only let time of eat- 
ing it in the evening, when tliey return 
from hunting, in general tbey eat 
whenever they are hungry^. They 
Scarce linow fait, but fometimet pre- 
{errc anlm^ food by fmoke drying it.. 

Their drink i* water, or a ferment- 
ed liquor, prepared from the PltT^lin 
called Fmmrrf i when they haveplen- 
fy of thii they are continually drunk, 
lb that their indolence and improvi- 
dence, by pieventing a conflant fup- 
gf, become publick and private blef- 

A* the fapplyine the want* of nature 
in (b fertile and delightful a country, 
takes up but a fmall proportion of their 
time, they encreafe the value of life by 
varioiu amafementt i they bathe and 
fwim in the riven, in large companiei, 
ftmal time* a day, wiibout diftinflion 
of f« i and they fwim fo well, that 
they may atmoft be reckoned among 
■nphibiom animalt. At other timet, 
they vifit each other, and arc matually 
enMrtained with tfie bmple oecarmett 
«i/ tbeir Urtt^ tad mb a grtu njietf 

of fablea, which are merry, i 
and moral : romeiimes ilieyd 

tiequenily buift into »mi. ._„ 

laughter ; and fometimet they rccIiM. 
indolently in their hammnckt, where' 
they not only fleep, but eat, converfe, 
and play, blow a kind .of riiflic flute, 
pluck out the hair of tbetr beard*, or 
admireihrmfelvei in looking slaBe*. 

Tlie Women fuffer nothing ift chilA 
birth, which i* attended neither wiHi, 
danger nor piin. Nothing mon h' 
neceiTary than to receive the infant 
When it fpontaneoiifly prefentt itielf,. 
and divide the umbilical vefliilt, wbidi 
they do with fire, which cauteiife* Ibe 
orilice, and render* the ligature.unne- 
ceflary. The mother and the child, 
irnmediately after the delivery, an 
plunged into the water, and the nest 
day flie relurni to her domeftick em- 
ployment, as if nothing had bappenedt 

The children are led, and durinv 
their infancy, no other gbre it taken M 
Ibem i none are fickly or deformed ■ 
the bojri, a* they grow up, attend the 
father in hunting, and the git It alTift llA 

In old a^e they become wrinkled, 
but never either bald or grey : as (hty 
have no method of computing time to 
any number of yeart, their ajie cannot 
be afcertained j but there is fufficient 
reafon to conclude that their livet are 

In all their trafEc, either with each 
other, or Europeans, they eSimateeve- 
TV Ihinp by (heir prefent want of itj 
they will at one time demand a hatch- 
er, for what at another time they will 
exchange for a filh- book. 
_ Thi* blamelefa and happy people, 
live together upon termi of perfeS e- 
quality, having no diHinSion but of 
age ot perfonal merit ) neither have 
the^ any divifion of property g each 
amicably parriripates titt ample blef- 
£ngt of adeliehtful and extenfive couit> 
try ; envy, fraud, violence, are ptv- 
eluded, natural defiret are immediately 
and innocently indulged, and govern- 
ment it rendered wholly unnec^ary. 

To ihit account of the nativci, the 
author hfl* added an account of the 
Dutch, their Have*, and their feitk- 
menti, which exbibitithe fame pi^re 
of craft, luxury, direafe, oppreflion, 
cruelty, and milin'y, that are alwayt 
exhibited in piflurea of what it called 
poliflied life, where it i* impofTiblc tbct 
the powerful and rich (bould enjoy, in 

Eropixtion u the poor and tbe wok 


t^ft d/ Soch^^witi Rmdrksi 

II* ffidtrkkandPbaramondi or^ tbe 
Cmifilatio/u of HdnuM Life. By y$bm 
Ldigbornet D. D. 

In a (hort preface to tbefe ConfoU- 
tionii the author intimates, that upon 
experience he found them to be good 
for nothing. 

• They were Intended, fays he, for 

* the private ufe of a friend uidcr a»- 
' Ai6lion, but the author had not pro- 

* ceeded far in them beiorc a fcv* re 

* event of the fame kind, rendered it 

* necefTary for him^ to call home ihe 

* precepts for the lupport of his own 
' mind. // ivouU be bappy if he louU 

* reeommenJ their ffficaey on experience s 

* All be can fay m their favour, vjitb 

* regsrJto bimjelfis, that the luriiiftg tf 

* iatm helped htm to forget his for rvws 5 
' ALL he caa prefume to hope for o- 
' thersis, that they may fin<l the fame 

* advantage fwbile they read thttn.^ 

It is not perhaps eafy to guefs upon 
what principlr^his gentleman could fell 
to otherty what he had himfelf tx^ 
pei'ienced to be of no value ; or how he 
could give the title of ConfolationF, to 
what could only turn the attention of 
the mind from its affli£lion, luhile they 
nnnre rtad^ inftead of giving liipporf 
under it t he might as well have given 
the title of Confolations to a book of 
riddif s, or a multiplication fuiti, which 
would have anfwered the purpofe much 

The author offers his Confolations 
under two heads ; religion and philo- 

The Confolations of Relieion, he 
fays* arife from a proper connderation 
or the parental chara6Ver of God. 
^ Religion teaches us that God Is our 
' father } as a tather he could create 

* us with no other view than to make 

* us bappy $ his intentions could not 
^ be vam :* the confequence is una- 
voidable, therefore man is bappy* * J, 
' fays this comforter, fmiie at danger, 
' dillrefs and pain : you alk, how God, 
' having created ine» with a defi^n to 

* make me happy, can yet permit me 
' to be miferahle ; I reply, that you 

* draw a falfe concluiion trom a ialfe 
' inference: if I weie miferable, your 
' argument might at leall have my 

* folly to fupport it.' Eveiy one, ihcie- 
fore, in Dr Langhorn^s opinion, that 
is not happv, is a fool. Let us then 
fuppofe him looking in upon one of his 
flock, who is fitting at hoitie, tortured 
with the Aone, white the corps of an 
amiable and on1y_ child, or a faithful 
and affeflionate wife, is tarrying to the 
grave : let us fufw)ofe the Dof^or to 

perceive fJwjffifyot iuch a wzetch in hit 

countenance* and thus to reproa^fi' 
him with it : ' Let me tell ^ou, 

* neighbour, that if, in this fituationj 
' you are not happy, you are a ftjol.* 
Would the fon ot affliction have much 
caufe to admire his wifdom, or to love 
his humanity ^ he would probably or* 
df.r him to be taken c.ire of as a luna- 
tic \ or twrned out of ths houfe as in- 
fulting the milciy that he ought to 
have tuothed. 

This book, however, is not only ufe- 
lefn, it is p;:rnicious : iDliead of enabling 
a man to bear his itihiinity, it has a 
diit^t tendency to wound his fpirit* 
' God, fays the author, is not the fa- 

* ther of the miferable, bccaufethey 

* do not confider him in that capacity. 
' It is impoflible that any one, who 
' rightly reflects on the *iaiernal capa- 
' city of God. car. he mi fc table.'* 

What inference will the fimple and 
uninformed, who Teel thnr they cannot 
diveft themfelves or niilcry, in pain» 
ficknefd, cold, hunger, ard domeftic 
di(lref&, draw fiom thii paifage ? cer- 
tainly that God is noc their father, and 
confequently that hope is precluded 
with refpe^t to another life, by thi 
fame perverfe and wicked temi>er of 
mind which precludes comfort in this. 

It has been juilly obfei ved, that re- 
medies have been always numerous foir 
difeafes which nothing can cure: we 
have but one remedy tor an intermit- 
ting fever, we have a hundred for the 
tooth ach. DrLanghoine, it is to be 
feared, u^n this principle, multiplies 
his remedies for a lick loul : he has al- 
ready proved that man is not miferable 
from the intention of God, that he 
fliould be happy : be proceeds to (hew 
that, admitting nian not to be happy, 
it is becaufe he will not think himielf 
fo : • You will ackno'.vItdj<'2, fjtys he, 

* that good and evil U i row their chief 
' importance fieri the opinions ween- 

* tertain of them ; that thofe thinge 

* cannot be bleir.ngs which we do not 
' believe to be fuch, and thofe cannot 

* be evils, which are not (uch in our 
< edimation : now if we look upon God 

* in the chaia61crof a father, we (hall 
' nor think what are called evils to be 

* evils/ 

j'his muft certainly put our readers 
in mind of old nurfe'ii connfel to little 
bovs, who ay for a biid that is flying 
at larze ) pui a little fait ii|X)n his tail, 
lays tlie good woman, and you wiH 
ca^ch him in a minute. Do not think 
psin, ficknefs, and poverty evils, faya 
Dr Langhorne, and tiicy \«'ill not be 
fuch : but it is (urely as diniuult not to 
lldnV: tlpttm x\\^ a& wf^i vu t^U them to 

Lijl of Boi'ks — v;!lb Remarks. 

Crcrviiioa. Nitnrc lilt tikn icrv 
le CUT of the prefervilioR oF fnuii 

Ijacbome givei t>* aimtber 
Sfliitbcnit be liu endca- 
infiiule ui we ars not lick i 
dVMon to cure u* br ptr- 
I llut we are flck for our 
mill anempt it renewed to 
ro^ry, by fuppoTiag it ne- 
jradgce viriue { though no- 
M ctmer than that wbat- 
ualW and ullimarely pro ' 
liiKlf, phyfinl ^ood, ii, lor 
R, moratljr good ) and that 
g.ihat.elt'caualty and iilti- 
iduce* miferr, phiricMevil, 
t reafon moraUy evil i all 
th r«rpe£i to morality, won Id 
mt, it they tvere inditferent 
A to bappincri. Virtue, 
dcriviniE all >i* value from 
u ii ablurd to fuppofe, that 
U fup«rccde)l for ibe fake 

oe, bowever, at lafi, to thii 
, tbat thougtt-inan Ibould ht 
aa to be lets happy in pain 
fe, in Tiiknefi than in he.ihh, 
ibiui profperity, yet lifriwith 
1 imperlciUionc, u a iialuebit 
what ii thi* to the purpofe f 
' break* who owu nie a thou> 
da, and pay) me at laft atter 
f ten (hillingi Tor rwtncy, it 
that the ten (hilling* in the 
worth having ; but dues the 
of them reduce my lofii to 
be laid that I may comfort 

confuJering that my loU 
C been niore, tbi* il granted 
itaroanthatbat lufTered any 
I, may comTori hitnfcif by 
le might have fuffered more \ 

thi<, it il not neccflary that 
Tead Dr i-anghoriie't book, 
ft not however take etcn Ihia 
XI haililyi lor Dr Langhorne, 
putt olF the divine, and putt 
ilofopber, leUi ui, ih^t lil'e it 
^U g^ft, and that it is tolly 
irfelves any trouble about it. 
I, philofophy conlifti infii'm- 
t^imattU IbiMgi, amJia rigu- 
tSKduS agrttaklj Ib that tJH- 
jnake a right eltimate of 
[, be lay*, wc Hiould conlider 
cftittuled by naliire, ' We 
int ourfelvet in her place, and 
imc vaJue upon every part of 
ka, that (he herfelf feeini to 

ppoD it.' We may judge at 
.Nature cAiinatei every part 
ri^ from tbe duration Av al> 
f ,tte tare &e uka ia u'f 

there it fcarce foderencelrri a beisgi 
real<M,,wfaich fecmt 10 have been giveil 
in liea of the ftrenMh and fpced of o- 
ther animal*, bat ricftroyed moreof tha 
fpecietthaa would hire fallen rnider 
the fuperior ftrength of wild beafti, m 
a conteft lor maft and acorni, and wbW 
arc called the improvtmenttoF fociety. 
hayc opened many doort fbr death t 
Nanirt, tberefere, having taken but 
little tire to prererve the beingi fltv 
bai giv.-n 111, they are of no conft- 
queni:iiibereRitnation,aiid therefi)r« 
Ihoiild be of no conrrquence in onr't. 
This confide ration, fay* the OoAorj 

* doei mote than give confolation, it 
■ feti UI above it. Shcoringoar weik- 
' nth and infufRciency, it teacbe* af 
' not to be anxiom Mwut that wbicb 

* ir wet nvrlb nr mixitlj.' 

Thii* we fee that' life it a n]aabl| 
gift, and a gilt of no virtue i that no. 
thing eaiSi which ii eril la itfelf t bat 
yet that evil doe* exift, iq ordpr to pro> 
dute virtue : that religion, twjt oDp 
thini;, and philofophy another. 

Having, at a philoiopher, eltablifhed 
thit jirinciple, that our being ii worth 
nothing i he iayi, that wc derive great 
dignity anil grrat he^fintfi from tba 
cor.lemplation qf the worlhlermeli of 
our being) from a ftrange roiirte hai 
tliii writer derived dignity and happi> 
neft I 'When upon a due eftimate of 
' life, fayi he, we finii nothing worth 
' either forrow or care.we lliall ezerciA 
' our mindt upon virtue, that U,gremlw 
' Mtfi tffiul. Here we behold the minil 
■ ot man in iw bapfhjl Hate ol philofo- 
' phical cKeltence, afpiring to virtue, 

* irictifiiltiwg iti prapirdignilf.' 

The author hat no where carried hU 
view into a future ftate i and berc, 
therefore, he might have been dil^ 
milTcd, if be had not, near the conclu,- 
fion of kit work, paraded with an ab* 
fiird paradox, that all fiar is faltf. 
Fear, in human nature, can no oiher- 
wile be deftroyed, than by dedroying 
it* objeA. Tfaii author endeavours to 
deftroy fear, by reprefenting thii lift 
a* having nottiingtalofe ) thit itruch 
a cure for fear, a* eating garlick i* lor 
a breath already tainted uilh onioni | 
but it will not to do; to remove leafi 
he inuA alio fhow, that life it expored 
to no evil, that it doeq not already (»(- 
fcr, i*faich can only be done by (hew- 
ing, that all men, at all timet, Tufler bv 
pain, licknefa and poverty. It it at 
abfurd to tell a fnaa,tbteueikt&V\v^ 
Hw idfi of »fc, or btaU\v, m cam^- 
itea, or Ufe.xbit fe»t n f&WN.uva 

Idji ef Books ; — with Remarks: 


tell a man* who has nothing to eatjt 
fljat hunger is folly i divert your Iclf of 
fv'ir, and you ivifl inve no painful an- 
ticipation of evil $ <livelt youifelf of 
hunger, and you will have no painful 
(delire to cat ; but it is no more in the 
power ot the will to preclude the paf- 
|ion, than the appetite. It is generally 
ngreed, that mental pain is leu toUera- 
ble than corporal ; it is folly, there- 
fore, to (uppofe, that a profped of cor- 
poral pain muft neceflarily excite fear, 
und that aprofpe^l of mental need not. 
This author feems to admit in one 

Flaccy ^' that if we fee any evil impend- 
ing, it muft, it will excite our fears, 

* and that it it be unavoidable, To 
f much the worl'e/ And yet, in the 
next page, he would fain perfuade us, 
that if we do not fee death approach to 
•urfelves. and our dearclt friends, with 
%% much indifference as we fee the fun 
iet* it is our own fault. 

But enough of thefe conceits: Dr 
Langhorne admits Revelation ac the 
guide of life, let hiui therefore no lon- 
ger affeft to be * wile, above what i$ 

• written.' In the hook, of Revelation, 
the God of Nature is, iu a peculinr 
manner, (liled the C^od of the father- 
lefs and the widow ; thofe are ililcd the 
bleflcd, that mourn and weep, and are 
directed to loiik I'orward with hope to 
anotluir place, in which tears (hall be 
wiped from the eye, and ans^uith obli- 
terated from the heart. Let us hear 
no more, therefore, that God is not 
the father of the wretched, or that al- 
though pain, and fickners, and pover^ 
ty, are common to ull charadters in this 
life, yet that tho:e only fufier mi- 
fery, who are unworthy ot happinefs in 
Another. X. 

sz. Ohfinuathns on a latt State of 
tbt Nation, 

An account of the State of the Na- 
tion, will l^ found in the Magazine 
for November lall, p. 529, and in tiiis 
- account of the anfwer, the fame orj^r 
IS followed, that our readers may more 
eaiily and readily compare them toge- 
ther, and thit no repetion of the 
charges may be neceflar/. 

The author of this pamphlet fays, 
that admitting it to be true, that the 
number of our Ihips was lefs by 1756 
on a medium, during the (ix years of 
war, than during Uie fix preceding 
yean of peace, it ought not to be con- 
fidered as derogatory to the advantages 
of the late war \ firft, becaufe all war 
u by neceility unfavourable to trade, 
arid becaufe the firft three years of the 
Ufc war arc known |o b^va ^eea iu\r 

fuccefsful : during the ]>ft three yMra 
of the late war, our trade rofe, a cir^ 
cumitance which never happened in 
war before : our Htips were fewer, but 
larger, fo that although the nuinbec 
decreafed, the tonnage was vatily aug- 
mented, (6 that in tne laft year of this 
war, it was 32,785 tons more than in 
the con'efi>ondent year of the peace 
average, even by the account in the 
State ot the Nation. Our trade was fo 
much encreafed in 1761, as to employ 
Britiih and foreign fliipsto the amount 
of 707 659 tons, an augmentation of 
trade nearly one tilth ; and our Britijb 
naw^aion alfo encreafed, but not e- 
qual to the encreafe of trade, fo that 
we added 60,000 ton ot foreign (hip- 
ping to our own, and this was our fitu- 
aiion wtien the author of the State of 
the Nation fays, Ibi carryiuf^ ircuie iua» 
ijubolly eniirojjid by the neutral nGtions, 

Though high premiums wore given 
for lit- w loans, it was only becaufe no 
new loin cr.n be obtained without a 
higher ;)remium, nud becaufe new loans 
were ntceifan' : if what a war always 
maktrs necdiary, is a greater evil, than 
any thing that can be obtained by a 
war i^ a good \ a war ought never to 
be undertaken, and the l)efl: thing wa 
can do. in time to come is, not to tight 

It is not true that France raifed the 
grcateft part of her fupplies within the 
year, and that therefore her burthen, 
thouzh it was gieat, was temporary^ 
The author of the State of the Nation^ 
by the moft unaccountable of ail er- 
rors, has milfaken_/bryi/y>//)» raifidfwitb^ 
in tbeyear^ fums borrozv^J upon tnterejl. 
It is iruc, as that author lays, that her 
credit was low, but from this lownefs 
of credit, flie did not, as he pretends, 
derive any advantages \ the did not 
raife money without borrowing, but 
(he borrowed on the moll exorbitant 

So far is France from being in a bet- 
ter Itnie than Britain, by having mort- 
ga<^ed no fuch taxes ai Britain im^ 
poftrd in perpetuity for payment of in- 
tereli, that at this hour Ihe pays, on 
account of her publick debt (a perpe- 
tuity) one million nine hundred thou- 
fanos pounds per annum, more than 
Great Britain; and that a few years 
of peace will remove this burthen, is fo 
far from being true, that the whole an- 
nual revenue of France is at this hour« 
one million three huirdred and Afty 
thoufand pour.ds Ihort of their peact 
eltabliihmtnt ; >et th( ir taxes are be- 
yond all.propoition, more numerous 
a;\d h«3LVY ihaa gvu«^ 


hifi ef Beeks — wUh Ri^narks. 

it be oUansd, that the o'iviial 
Mrpofciol ilic wsr wert- a.Ljm- 
I by [hejttKt, ii doei im\ lol- 

Mc Uw peace wai good f in tbe 
: of a war, e*«ntt (>ftm hapotBi 
cnrier tu fr^fijia/ rcry far from 
itt Arfae^ parpufe I in tbe laU 
M won ai Spain entered into the 
!l, ibe recunty ofNortli America 
y tonger tlie Jole or principal oh- 
iMretore, The principal purpoft 
not be obtained b* a peace, 

ontj Teciired Nnnfi Ameri'ca. 
rirr . ag.iiitll thr limily compift, 
• Ric principal ubjeA ai the war, 
be siomeDt that r>ur *ji with 
comme.iced, which <mi the lirft 
of tb>( leigue, the moft o^iout 
■nnidable of all the conrpiraciea 
: the libertin of E'iroue, that e- 
I been framed. We had mate- 
1 o<u hand CO have conllrufted 
ewrity, in fuch a manixr a* ne- 

be diaken, and ne took no ilep 
lahi ho* iKJor ailetenceof the 
lien'ti the alleiariun. that [t fe- 
be *rif.nal uhjed of the war I 
the author of th<- Siaceut the 
, fiyt, the i>e)ce did inore i that 

1, th*- 1 

T1<l If 


. rfbcm-.y apprit lo 

In ho:lile n-.t,iitiori. But, ac- 
; lo thti n-rlmr, the iHan\ pof- 
>f whit he ays we nnw have the 
to (eize, ^av., m little < r no ad- 
e, in the iu-^ott.«to'> lor jwiee, 
len can tjie i.hi<tce of temng 
ea Tecirri'v -n: the pea:* wl-rn 
idef fle<'t..t>:i.refvly,t[nt the 
theFrc-.ti.'>'.,i,.-<«Mii-. oe- 
taFi-iii.e.ti.atiC a,i'l<r ,•■'■{ hrr 
•I, md ijalitiurl ■■r rtiirit- 
, ami that <ltt c<'irtii<':fl >: the 
lih. It it .1.1 .'.>' lerv S, 
tiltrdf-d R». !.>..■■, nid the 
x^Mm .nt.' i> i/.-.-annot coin- 
to ilie natintW ^( wafte of 
>le, hy (..rryi.igun atar in nn- 
tlimit-, ! .iL-cor.''n? to nimreif, 

^■-i■^^l'v at al' ; Knd.ifii'wot 
* wi.i'lil oi h- worth getting. 
hrji, a'rii.iyihL-wu.that France 
lii<her th m Britain, which a- 
^fli.ieni 1 > prove, that there i> 

I t 

-.d, cl-Hthr. 


thctaAis -i fecuritv a^jln;t hii 
kin j but op'-.ion an; preju- 
i rpringi by which people in the 
allin are principal;^ aiftuated, 
trity flill ftronger I money istbt 
f.Mg. Makch 1769} 

firft thing which altrafti the artiSceiv 
than in xnv niba place, it reijurrci re- 
lleaiata to' dircortr, tbat noner ia amt 
wealth, aitd that the ar4i6ccr nm no 
better with tito Ihibiagi a day, .whart 
he nnft pav two Atllinca for tb> BSr 
celTadca of bfe, than with aw AilUbg 
Uj, where one Ihilling will procan 

tbe lame necetTariM t for thia mfiwt 
OUT wagei attrad artiScen from all 
pirti aftbe world. No BianaMtatwrt 

let the living be what it will, waa c 
known to fty for refiige to law wi^, 
and tbe idea of our people, cooeoviDg 
French living, ii dreailml. 

One capital branch of our manufaoa 
tare it proved to have encrealed. K 
■ppeart, by tbe regiSert of tbe Weft 
Riding of Vorklhire, that iti the three 

f'cart, ending in I7Ct> there ««rc 00 
efi than 57,51 > (ritce* of broad dutb^ 
and it,677 piece* of narrow, mano- 
iafiured in that diftrift.more than wcr* 
manufaiSared there in threey«ari,<ad- 
inE with 1754. Thun hai thli mana- 
fa^re increafed under an mcreafe of 
taxei I and the fame mav he faid of 
the thin good* made at HallifaK, of the 
bayi at Rochdale, and ut that infinite- 
variety of admi'-ahle manu(a£)um that 
grow and extei'd every year, among 
trader I of Mancbeller. 

The author of the Stite of the Na- 
tion. r,»y*, that ilie loll, ol fesmen and 
manufiftnreit, muft pnidiice a >1iroi- 
niition e/ nveaut /rmw imfampiin > 
thu fayi the author of the Obfeivati>- 
ons \i granted i and, it ti^owt, that 
where there ii an increale if rt^nuu 
Jrtm (MfiUuf'iM there muft be an in- 
creareol conliimeri; now the revenue 
from confumpcion is increafed much 
more thin in proportion tanew(ln> 
tiet, at the iiithor of ihii pamphlet 
hai proved to demonltration, from tbe 
regiliera of reieniie. Thui, fayt he, 
aiourmanufjQa er* have not defett- 
ed, nor tbe manufaante left nt, nor 
the confumption declined, i.or the le- 
v?nue funk, lo neither has traile.which 
iiat onre the refult, meafure, and 
caufeofthe whole, decayed, ai the au- 
thor of the State of the Nation hai 
thought proper fbmettinei to afSrm, 
and aljvay* to fuppole. 

The real ballance of onr trade.which 
in tbe Slate ol the Nation if reduced to 
a,50o,ooo poundi, is proved to be in 
reality, four millionl, by dctrfiing the 
erroii and fallan of the computation,, 
on which tbe reduAiin it nw<ic. fS* • 
aiitfa«n-of the ObroiNatTOtv'iU^iiVAV*. 
refpea to the prio* «l ^ron&aa** '3a*''. 


if, in this country, it hat hiid any thing 
like a uniform rife, it is not owing to 
the encrcafe 6f taxes, but to the uni- 
form encrrafe ofconfumptioDy and of 
money ; yet, if it be true, that tbi peo- 
ple efbrtat Britain nouu pay four miihons 
per MMttuH, more than tbey did before the 
njoar^ (See Vol. xxxviii. p. 531.) it it 
difficult to conceive, Bow that amazing 
fum, raifed annually from the necefla- 
ries of life, (hould fail to produce a 
uniform and Uliins rife, independant 
of every other caufe. 

This author having endeavoured to 
prove, that the account of our danger 
and diitrefs, in the State ofthe Nation, 
b fallacioufif proceeds to object a^ainlt 
the methoiU propofed in the fame tra6l« 
to procure d'ety and profperiry. 

We are to be delivered, according to 
the State of the Nation, if we can raife 
)oo,ooo 1. a yc^r^ which the author 
propofes, (hould be levied on Ireland, 
and the colonies : but, if the want of 
300,000 1, a year will leave our tradr, 
navigation and commerce, on the verge 
of dellru£)ion, our finances in ruin, our 
credit expiring, Ireland on the point 
of being ceded to France, the colonies 
of being torn to pieces, the fucceHion of 
the crown at the mercy of a treat rival, 
and the kingdom itfelf, on the point of 
becoming tributary to that haughty 
power, how comes ir, fays the Obfcr 
vator, that the very pcrfon, who pro- 
pofes to favt U5, by putting this fum 
into the hands of govern menr, a($uat1y 
took it out of the hands of govern- 
ment, when it was in them ? How 
comes it, that he was a61ive, and made 
a merit or that a^ivity, in takino; off 
a (hilling in the pound of the laud lax, 
which cime up to his grand defidera- 
tum, and 100,000 1. more! Certainly 
he cannot defpair To much of the com- 
mon-weahh, without this Irifh and 
American revenue, as he pretends to 
do i if he dors, how will he juiiify the 
voting away one revalue, anil giving 
us a pamphlet on the other. 

The Obfervator occaHonally juAifies 
the repeal of the flamp-a^, not becaufe 
the me.ifure was unconliitutiooal, but 
becaufe it was inexpedient and impo- 
iitic : he aHows, ilut the inei chanty 
who allt:dgcd that the exports of 1766, 
i^ouM, if the Hamp-adl ihould I)y ic- 
ptalcd, be double to thofe of 1765, 
were minaken; but he accounts for 
the drfitiency, upon principles, y.l.ich 
neither impeach the inttgrity of thote 
who gave evidence, or (!>e witdom of 
thofe who received it. lu 17^7» H'hen 
the daHurbancffi fubfided, the dcfiuea* 
cj- was made up A^a.'ii. 

DJi if Books— wi A Remarks. 

The author alfo enten paiticularly 
into the defence of Lord Rockingham^t 
adminiftratioo, which fucceeded that 
of 1764 ; but for thisdifpute, the rea- 
der it referred to the pamphlet itfcl^ 
The author does not propofe particu- 
lar meafures, inftead of tbofe propofed 
in the State of the Nation 1 but nothing 
is clearer than that, if the public debt 
perpetually encrrares riuring a war» 
more than it is diminiihed during a 
prace, it muft, at Tome time, become a 
Durden too heavy to be born. This 
pamp.tlet is written with great ability, 
and a deep and extenfive knowledge of 
the fubjea. Ic ihould be bound up 
with the State of the Nation, for who* 
ever reads one pamphlet, fhould read 
both; and they cannot in the fame 
coinpafs, meet with as much political 
knowledge in any other performances. 


\%t A ^vojaj^e to Itahf im 1765 and 
1766, by M. de la Lanie^ member of tbi 
R'jyal Academy of Sciences f F. K. \. at 
London, l^c. In% f^ols, izmo, ff'itbei 
I'olume of cutj. Paris. 

Withm a few years, there have been 
publidied feveral voyage? to Italy, which 
ieem to have evinced the necefiiiy of 
one executed on a plan iimilar to this 
we now pivc an account of. The au- 
thor, well kno%vn in the learned worlds 
by a variety of fcicnrific produftions, 
travti'td with the fole view of carefully 
ohUiving, and faithfully de(cribir,g 
whnt he law. ThrouKh his whole tour 
he wap accompanied by one ofthe moft 
diliiivjiiihed of the literati of Italy, 
and vHiied pcrfons tlie moft celebrated 
for their knowledge, in every place he 
(topped at } ht has coilc^ed together the 
mo(t valuable materials, in every kind 
of knowledge, ^hich he could pofTibly 
acquire $ to which he has added, what- 
ever could be extradled from the Ita- 
lian authors, who have befl defcribed 
particular parts of that country, and 
the feveral objects moft deferving no- 
tice. The article of painting?, and o- 
ther polite arts, which invite multi- 
tudes of (irangers to Italy, yet no way 
meriting the con(ideBCC of the public, 
unlets difpU^yed by peifons eminent 
for .1 thorough knowledge offuch fub- 
jeAs, the author has extradVed entirely 
from the moil valuable manufcripts of 
M. PAbbe Gougenot, honorary mem- 
ber ofthe Royal Academy of painting, 
who fpent much time in Italy, accom- 
panied by M. Gieui:e, 01 '.e of the molt 
celebrated painters ofthe lame acade* 
my. The mafter-pitcei of art, dif- 
perCcd thcougjhout Ron'.e, of which M. 

A CataUgM tf New PuMicatioiu. 1 55 

r«iA« tm thi fctt ■ihIbm, S. ACMwMMbmiMiiharw. 

«^tMittIti)*.an:bcnaa£Ur rri^o' M Imfim, *nt ■ Mac it 

ii^SA avSca nmuta. TU <teili3U. «d. Kiltb. 

', aM Wi dcferintion cf ctcrr ^ Amttc Btiuk npw tto ngnltr 
■i ai *«• the principil putkidin 


h tiSftof 

vandhthw ghco, waftcteut- 
nMl,aaaptaBiof tbefcWnl 
ymimj a IrMgcr bmt caflf 
UmWr ta ujr part h« bdl ha*« 
w aCGwnit of. Several of tbaft 
nbcMmc eatmnely IcarM, and 
if ihem ncTcr before cafrawd. 
I »ddcd a map of aU uA.vith 
and all the ituicrarf diuncea, 
iUm of the bmbi* ofmoootaiB^ 
nlncraloaj of all Inly i Laftlf, 
defcribcotbc cuftbaiand man- 
' |be peofile, mtaeh be imparii- 
R^am mtb tboft of other caun- 

TAtocvi tf mS Ihi Boaai, 
iTHtBTs, !k. tti^fkt4Jmt§ tkt 
wmttmtM tf tb* ruir jjifT 

ITiaiTT M^MoaALlTY. 

'BSurei on the Citedu{m of ths 
t ChuKfa of EnfftaiMl, with a 
ift OB OuiGrmaban. Br Tbo- 
xkcr, Utt archblAu)^ of Canter- 
t*ol. tvo. lot. R'miigtoii. 
kfaSflx^ Seeker Km in thti work 
Md tiK priacipal article* of the 
pnt r eB pon, In an eafy and fa- 
aunner, and pointed oot the 
f A CKriftuDa irith great perTpi. 
id beoentcaca. 
atbofiafin DetaAcd, defeated b^ 
IKoetA M. tfo. 4*- Crowder. 
Kbmt write* a^bfi EnthoCafVn, 
VCTT perfccunng fpirit, and fbf 
( a top to iti pK^^i, gravdr 
W tothelegiAatiirepoiMrt, lant 
ttBfvjoftheMethadiateichcn ! 
Mub SUin t Being a rcplyto' 
*. Dt Nowcll'i xniwer to Fietai 
tnfit. >t. Gd. Keith, 
wj revere attack upon Dr Na«- 
d ths gentlemen who procured 
palfion of the Uethodift fladent* 
M IToiverlity of Oxfn-d. 
rcderie and Pharaisaod, or the 
ationi of Raman Life. at. £d. 
•. Seepaeeiso. 
LSernon,b]rtbc Rev. JnHorne. 

t Sermon ta faid id have been oc- 
lihf Samt of the itilendt of a 
1 popular gentle mtn!-'.ferM^K 
iUiad«erfitT. Itex^aittv -- 
rnft In ttipjrifKl^g, 

dein, aad 1 

7. BUarical and Critical R ewttfc i 
OB Ac Britilh TongiM, aad Rt Cm> ' 
mOm iritk otbar LanriMMi^totMded 
mitt lata in the WdftBme. B*T/ 
Ue»^,LL.D.' •B.BiKAIaiid. 

1. TW Letlva on lahat BaptifiB 1 ' 
bj John Httddleton. i». M. Chaitr. 

9. Flraily Prarcnutd Mini Bbp, 
in oraft and verk. ji. <d. Bm-' 

ie> Afl Addrafi to the rulMiI Ad> ' 
vocatea for the Cborcfa of Bnglanil. 
Bf T|w. PUtolatheraa. 11. M. Dod- 

■ r. A SemOB dedicated to the tBoS' 
Bon. JoknMarautft oFOnnbf, Bf. 
Sidney twinney.D if D. ii. Btbi(«. 

I*. A free Addrefi to ftoHtut 
Difleatan ai fuefa. By ■ IXfiaMr.' 
■ I. fid» Pearch. 

1]. TheLiahtofNatorepnrfdedtbjr ' 
EdwardSearch, Bb) 5 toll. IM. it. ii. ' 

14. An Enqntrr into the pnfeBl 
State of the Septoagint VeHion of the 
Old Tcftament. Bf Dr Owen. |t. 
FMTiiCfnd NaTaiAL HifTAKT. 

I J. OhferrathMWon the Afthtna,aiid 

! Hoapiog Con ' " ' * — ■■ " 
M.D. 1*0. ji, ( 

A very valiuble pctformanoe, lA 
which Dr Millar hat propoCed a aa- ' 
thod of core, which appean likejjr to 
be fHCceiffDl, forfomeof thcmoftfatd' 
difeafei incident to children. 

it, A new SyRem of Midmfttr bf 
Kobert-Wallace Jtdinlaii, M.D. if, i*. 
4to. Wliron. 

from fiMu of the mod emioent cha- 
raften in the medical world. 

■ 7. A Trtaiife on comlnnal|lntfer-' 
mittinvj and inflanimitory feven. By 
John Uibron, Ivo. Nourfe, 

An biftoricai icconnt of fthrile dit 
eirei, very judiciouHy compiled. 

il. A new and general SjSem of 
Wiyfic, in theory and priOice. By, 
Wm Smith, 410: 141. Owen. 

Thia perfirnaance, which U very in-' 
differently executed, might, with much 
more pf^riety, have been entitled, 
NotMu^on the Landau and Edinbntvh 

ao. A Conutadiam «C t^ifbt tLtA. 
Sargufht the ufe tX )«au\n&ck- 
tioneri, Ivo. ei, Momfc. 

F iirfm 


A Catahgue of New PubUcatiwns, 

A general account of the ufaal me* 
thods of treatint( fuch difoidfrn as re- 
quire the aflhtance oi the phyfician. 
The chirureical part of tbi compendi 
um iR too luperficial to afibrd any in* 

ax. The lamentable State of Phyfic in 
England, Svo. 6d. Fell. 

The difputes arifing from a diffe- 
rence of opinion in the nudical worlds 
are very humouroudy defcribed in this 
little pertormance. 

aa. The Nature of Inoculation ex- 
plained, and itk merits ttated^ 8vo. is 

Common place obje6lions againft 

33. PraAical Thoughts on the pre- 
vention and cnre of the Scurvy, tfpe- 
cially in the Britifh navy, by Wni Jer- 
vey, M D. «s. Nour(e. 

There is very little in thi« pamphlet, 
that has not already been publiOied in 
the writingi of the I)rs Lind, M'dride, 
and Plulme. 

24. Outlines of the Natural Hiftory 
of Great Britain and IreiAnd, by John 
Berkenliouty Svo. 4s* Elmily. 

A mere abridgement of the Syfttma 
Nidune of Linnsus. 

ac. AnElfay on the Natural Hiftory 
of Guiana in South America» Svo. 51. 
Becket. See p. 145. 

Law^ &c. 

a6. An Enquiry into the Ufe and 
Pjraftice of Juries among the Greeks 
and Romans, hj Jn Pettingal. 7s. 6d. 

A very curious and learned invefii- 
gatiOn of the words AaEa^rai, and Ju- 
Jietj, which have been generally un- 
derllood to iignity Judgeiy but which 
Dr Pe'tingal conjectures, related to 
what we call a Jury, 

27. The Law of Cofts, by Jofeph 
Sayer, Svo. 49. 6d Cadell. 

a8. TheTiialofBalf and M'Quirk, 
two Iriih chairmen, for the murder of 
George Clark, at Brentford election. 
4to. IS. BIa()on. 

30. A letter to a noble Lord, or a 
faitiiful repre'.entation of the Duuglas 
caufe, Svo. is. Hcnderfon. 

31. Pettifogging difplayed } with a 
r^mtvly againlt it. u, 

3*. Hiftoriciii-Legi-Graphicjil chart 
of laiide<l property in England. By 
Charle* Fearne. 6?. 

Arts am. Sciences. 

33. An UniverAil Dictionary of the 
Wirinc I by Wm Falconer, 4to. il. i«, 

A per form tince wh:ch dif]»!ay<i in- 
dtiflrv, iflgacFty, and precificn, well 
worthy tht p^iuh) of cVvTy one ton 
ftmcd in'imc a^airs. 

34^ The Pocket Henld.; or» a aooi- 
I^eat View of the prefent Peerage of 
the three Kingdoms, ju Almon. 

Too Ihort to afibrd latisfaAion, and 
too incorrect to be depended on. 

35. Familiar Archite^ure, coniifting 
oF original Defigns of Houfea for Gen- 
tlemen and Tradefmen, Parfonau^es and 
Summer Bietreats, 4to. il. is. Webley. 

' A work very proper for the young 
archite6^, in which plainnefs and utility 
feem to have been particularly con- 

36. The Anatomy of P'inting : by 
John Brifl>ane« M D. folio. 1 8s. Ca- 

To this treatife are prefixed fome 
thouehts upon pidlorefque anatomy, 
^hich may be of ufe to the young pain* 
ttr. The plates are taken from Albi* 
nu^, and exhibit three views of the 
Ikei^ton, and three of the enernal 

37. A Difcourfe delivered at the a- 
pening of the Ru}al Academy, Janua. 
ry a, 1769, by the Prefident, 4.10. Da- 
vis. Sec p. 98. 

38. AAjonomicalObfervations made 
in the new Oblervatory at Cambridge 1 
by the Rev. Mi Lud]am9 4to. lot. 6d, 

39. An eafy Introduf^ion to Aftro- 
nomy, ^or young gentlemen and ladiea. 
By James FerguTon. 4s. Cadell. 

History and BiocaAPRr. 

40. The Hiftory of France, from the 
Foundation of the Monarchy to the 
reign uf Lewis XIV 1 by Tbomaa Nu- 
gent. 5s. Pearch* 

This is the firft volume of the tran- 
Aation of a very elaborate work, which 
was firft undertaken by the Abbe ViUy, 
and aher'Aardfl continued by M. Vd- 
laret, and M. Gamier. 

41. The Hiftory ot France, during 
the reigns of Francis II. and Chariea 
IX. By Walter Anderfon, D. D. il. 
20s. Cadell. 

Dr Anderfon has here colle£^ed a 
very accurate account of the aft'airs of 
the French, and of fuch nations as 
were cnnne^led with them, during the 
interelHng reigns of Francis II. and 

42. The H ftory of the reign of rhe 
Emperor Charles V. By VVni Robert- 
ion, D.D.3 vols.4to.1l.1zs.6d. Srrahan. 

One ot the moft finifhed liiftorical 
productions that has appeared in the 
£nglil)i,or in any ether language. 

43. The life of Alexander Pope^ 
Ei'qi compiled from oiiginai manu* 
fcnpts, with a critical EfTay on his wri- 
tin.;s and geniuf : by Owen RufHieadt 
^''li 4(o« il« 13* Svo* 7S, 6dm Bathurft. 

.■> * ■■■^>s 

4 Catakffti of Neit 

. 44- Afl EflMT OB tbcLife of D»fid 
Orcgory, 0. D. late Deao of ChraA- 
chnscliy Oxford. t?o it Fletcher. 

45. A pew Kiitoty of Greece. 41* 


46. Obfer?ations on a Ute State of 
tkoNadoii. 4to 3$ 6d Dodfley. {fap.isi) 

47* Aa Appendix to the Preient 8ute 
of the Nation^ comainiDg a Reply to 
the Obfervitione oa that Fampblet. 
Svo. ti Almoo. 

48. The Right! of the Coloniei, and 
the Extent of tlie kgiilAtive Authority 
of Great Briuin briefly ftated and con- 
iidcred. Svo Noiirfe. 

The writfr of this little piece, (hewt 
how far the cUims of the Colo- 
iliet caui be extended, and how far they 
nay be admitted, confident with that 
oumitiition from whence they derive 
their exiftence. 

49. A Letrer to the Members of 
Great Britain, and the Wett India 
Planters, recommending an Increafe 
OD the Freight of Sugars. 8vo is 

A cooipiiation from fome elTays which 
appeared a few months ago in the Pub- 
lac Ledger. 

50. Stall I go to War with my Ame- 
ifean Brethren ? 8vo is Kearfley. 

A pofitical fermon in behalf of the 

51. An EpitHe to Junius Silanus, from 
Cornelius Scipio. Svo is Becker. 

An attack upon the Right Hon. G* 
G ■ > accufing him of inconfiftency in 
in his condu^ with refped to a certain 
popular gentleman. 

\%. Serious Hints to Ad miniftration, 
by a Member of P-^. Svo Ridley. 

Tbefe hints relate to the Nullum 
Tempos bill, the high price of Provi- 
fions, tec, and as tliey contain nothing 
new, are not worth atttnd'mg to. 

53. A Colleftion of Mr VTiIkes's Ad- 
dreUes» &c. 6d 

54. The Utility and Equity of a Free 
Trade to tlie Eait Indies. 2s Murdoch. 

55. Rational Refults upon the prefent 
State of the National Debt. 2s 6d. 

Poetry, Novels, &c. 

56. Poems, written by a Gentleman 
of Oxford. 4to. 2S. 6d. Becket. 

Some of this writer*s pieces, particu- 
larly his elegies and epiAle?, fhew him 
poilciled of no inconJiderable (hare of 
poetical abilities. 

57. Love and Beauty, a colle^ion of 
Poems on thole fubietls only. lamo. 
as. Sd. Wilkie. 

Tliefe little pieces are chiefly collect- 
ed from Pope, Thompson, Tickell, &c. 

58. An Elegy written in St Biide^s 
Church Vafdt on Tuefday the s3d of 
Jftouary^ m^S^ kc* folh. Fry, 


piece wet written vpon Idh- 
Wilkes's bein|| eleAcd an Alderman, 
and is a very indiiiercnt imitation of 
Mr Grey's cdebrated Eleg}* in a Cooo* 
try Chorch Yard. 

59. An Ode npoB the preftot Period 
of Time* 4to« 6d. Ahnon. 

Aa extravagant panegyric opoa Ibo 
Right Hon. George Grenville. 

60. Tom Jones, a Comic Opera, at 
it is perfonoed at the Theatre Royal in 
Covent Garden | by Jirfepb Reed. tvo. 
IS. 6d. Becket. 

This piece, notwithftanding the af« 
fertions to the contrary, it taken from 
a French opera, written by M.Poinfiner, 
which was performed at Paris in the 
]rear 1766. 

61. Ambition I anEpiftle to Paolii 
by the Rev. T. Toumay. 4to. as. 6d« 

6s. Poems and Tranflations) by the 
Author of the Proerefs of Phytic. 4to. 

63. Wit's Laft Stake, a Comedy ia 
one Ad, as it is performed at the IW- 
atre Royal in Dmry-lanci by Thomat 
King. Svo. 18. Becket. ^ 

This is a very entertaining imitatioa 
of the celebrated LtgMmre Uninmfii^ 
written by Regnard. 

64. The Navy Leeches | si Poem : 4to 
IS. 6d. Richard fon. 

This writer's intention is good | hit 
poetry abominable. 

65 The Sifter, a Comedy } by Mrt 
Charlotte Lenox, Svo is. 6d. Dudfley*- 

The table of this piece is taken from 
a novel called Henrietta : it is not de- 
fedive in language or fentiment, and 
does not appear to deferve the fevere 
treatment it met with fiom the audi- 
ence at its ftrd and only reprefentation. 

66 An Ode to the Memory of hit 
Grace the Duke of Ncwcaftic 5 by Tho- 
mas Gibbons. 4to Bnckland. 

67. The Grove and Clown, a ludi- 
crous Tale on the Times j or a Blow 
on the other Side. is. Nicoll. 

An Attack upon a very pupuinr gen* 
tieman, written in a molt unpoetical 

68. The fourteenth Satire of J uven:! . 
imitated} by Thomas Nvville. 4(0 is. 

69. The School for Rakes, as it is 
nertornied at the Theatre R%»yal in 
brury lane. Svo is 6d Becket. 

A very tolerable imitation ot Monf. 
Beaumarchai^' Eu^enie^ which \\a% kng 
been a favourite piece on the FrcicE 

70. The Fatal Difcovery, a Tragedy, 
as it is performed at the Theati e Ki»y - 
alin Drury lane. %vo i%Ck\\ ¥>«s\^t\* 

This trage^Ny U iouv^dtd oti oti* ^ 

r * 


A CataUgut qflfiw PubUcatim. 

Agenor and 1 , 

tender Paflions, a Novel. 

the Pragmen tf of Offian. It it not de- 
ftitute of merit, but the author too of- 
ten defcends into moft unpanlonable 

71. The Mufci BJcflbmi, ortjuvenile 
Poemt. Svo if Robertfon. 

Thtfe pieces arc written by a voune 
oftcer, who is not totally void ofpoeti- 
cal talents. 

71. Lyric Confolations, with a Speech 
delivered by Alderman W— at the 
King's Bench. 3s Almon. 

73« Political Society, a Poetical Ef- 
lay J addreffcd to John Wilkes, Efq: 
4to IS. ^ 

_ 74. Punch : a Panegyric, attempted 

in the manner of Milton. 410 is Walter. 

I'his author's Punch is compofed of 

very indifferent ingredienu. 

Se. Agenor and Ifmena, or tke War 
of the tender Paflions, a Novel, ct 
86. An Elegy on the Death of Mr 


The Maflacrc. 4to \j Hanfon. 
wage i 

Mint," Pope. 

wage no nvar luitb Bedlam or the 

76. Talcs, tranflated from the Per- 
sian of Inatulla of Delhi. lamo 6«. 

Thele tales furnifli the reader with a 
vtry entertaining fpecimen of Oriental 
com:x>fition: forae of them, indeed, 
are ludicrous and indelicate ; but o- 
thers, paitxularly the flories of Roflia- 
na and Fazulla, moral and inftruaive. 

76. The Hiftory of Jack Wilkes, a 
Lover of Liberty, ixmo 5s Gardner, 

This is the hiftory of an abf urd rake, 
to whom the writer has §i\en the name 
of a celebrated patriot, m order to puff 
otf his performance. 

77- The Fair Wanderer, orthcTii- 
vmphs of Virtue. 8vo u 6d Brcwn. 

This is an old prod udion, called the 
Virgin in Eden, to which the editor 
h;«* prefixed a new title; a kind of li- 
terary fraud, which delerves the fcvereft 

78. The Arilcfs Lnvcru, a Novel. 6s 

79.The Bon7e,orChinel(P Anchorite, 
anOricnta! Epic Novel. 8vo 6s Doddej . 

A very indifferent imitation o^ lome 
f>f the a.imirable Oriental tales in the 

80. J"hc Rational Lovers; or the 
llilJory of Sir Charles Leufum, and 
hh s Kr4 nce^ Fr' tmnr. 5* n 'ble. 

81. Delicate E:nbnmr{mtniJ5, 2 vol. 5$ 
8i. The Hiftory of Loid Clayton and 

M'.fs Meieili»h, 1 vol. 5s 

83. Contfantia .md her Daup^hter fii- 
II3, an Tialian Hiftory ;uirh a niuoiirfe 
on Romances. « vol 4'^ Ro^^inion. 

X4 Marjarctra, Oamtctc of Kjinf- 
ford, a feiuiinent-d Novel ^s Johnfon, 

This ftory is ddivercd in a iVrics of 
letters; the hero of it grows JTal'^iis 
withont taule, and is fat is tied wJinout 

Bennet and Mifs Worslold. is. 

*7- iEt?.^«"» 0<*c«» &c. by MifsPointz, 
58 Wilkie. 

88. Stanzas facred to Liberty, by 1. 
Pottmger. isBingley, 

89. Poems Divine and Moral, by R, 
Bond, Bookfeller. as 6d. 

90- The Middlcfex Frechddcn, or 
the Triumph of Liberty, is 

91. A P<)etical Addrefi in FaTour 
of theCoificans, ts Almon. 

9*. An Ode to Fortitude, by Willi- 
am RuflcJI, IS NicolU 


93. The Grand Qnetfion, Is Marri. 
age fit for literary Men? as 6d Bladon. 

An inveaive againft the female fcx, 
very indiHerently tranflated from the 
Italian, and deftitute of tiiith, candour. 
and polit^nefs. 

94. An Accouut of the four Perfona 
found ftarved to Death, 4to is Brown. 

This pamphlet is written by Colonel 
ThickneiTe, who has very laudably ex- 
pofed the barbarous condu^ of tne O* 
verfeers of the parifli of D ia 

Hcrrfordfliire, for fuffering an unhap- 
py family, whom it was their duty to 
protcft, to periOi for want of the com^ 
mon neceftarie); of life. 

95. A few Thoughts upon pointing, 
and fome other helps towards perfpi. 
cuity of exprtfUon, 4to. is. Worral, 

This pninphiet contains fome ufefiil 
reruai ka ; it is taken from Bttrrtw't 
Cafes of SrttUmtnt, 

96. A guide to the perfect Know- 
Icd^^c oi Horfts, 5K. Nitoll 

If Hre miftake .lot, this is an old per- 
fbnn'irce j it is • ertainiy very inferior 
to Bracken, anJ niiny other treatifes 
upo;i \\--:' u\A ?{;rnieiitot hoiTts. 

97 1) ir<.it .iu 11^, on MiTiai^e, &c. 
by JohnD,;t, ? -.. i.- Millan. 

The wntt: v* this viiy jofurd mif« 
cellm), i. an iiiv^'eiate enemy to a 
finsjie life. :«iid . • ijjoliE^ to puniih liich 
as i\o n»if rntei int.» the man iage (late, 
by miking ;lieii u-^dei go an operation, 
which he caiU fa*ieiJiQn ! 

98 The fair Sex vindicated from 
foliy and extrMvagance, 8vo. Rl idon. 

99. An Appeal to ihe candid and 
fpuiicd Authors of the Critical Re- 
view, againlf ignorance, malevolence, 
and dctra^ion : by Conat Junior, 
1 2010 IS. Johnfon. 

100. Matrimonial Ceremonies dif. 
played, is, S^rrjeant. 

A 6 0NQ. 

nt'Ititan patm the nricd jew, 
I Mce CO loM (Bd iratl. 

Ife wtiA d»r fabttt'd expteft'd. 

«, of ibc Tocal r,me, 

(4 wU }or Toui nwraanii flj I 

» i ^PlJer 

tr llw mclcing m 
tyWd plilni, and poHi I •'■og'd, 
itaMBpoi'd, 11 well •• joai 
#■ file Bclinli chinE'd, 
Ill'heiS ba oerer knew. 
.gitaett, from her erM^ 
/lo mj ininoft foul : 
Hnlad pt*ee bn prlie t 
ln«i ■Ch^coacraul! 
■■tfontlj fubmic, 
k ftcm fi^i repine ; 
wbifpcn, R ii lit. 

not fMfe, thsti jojra ther plicM, 
ADD amw > poitniu fnim In Ibnitei ait^d j 
llier Mc het pow«i, ^owOed, ud Rin'd, 
And Uu* M Tbiiie cbiuvi'd the Aubbon odw. 

Far thii |pe« «a) tit SxkMd bvftln wdni 
Not woaM c(ie bremofl muroe'i o'tbc age. 
Then blulh u ti«ad Uk unpoUuttd fiigi. 
ReifoD Is (11 dimmed [heir Tcsinb, 
Nw cUrac fimghi (hey, rion, drami, nor citdi. 
YerAthew— iiuee taiDeuine — illigree. 
Knew wbit wit life, ml had bet beux ^pritt. 
Here, in lUr FreedcB't Btn-boooorV ftit, 
To-u^ we faraift an Aihaniaa aaai| 
And Ainio pkafe, to gin li unphr cbaoea, 
Tbo'dreft Id Eaglbb, 'cii it* gtowtb of Fiuee •; 
And iiir* it* meriti muk b* ftcrUo^ trae, 
Which " • twice iweMJeth wnpMv aadicDM 

V T.-L-..-., lY^T.iiflriiiriiifiiwi 

Wiih timjh'/lfhlBoi diit wadike MalmooDuinii 
FroaiHefli7'«iiaieiiDpui«fDCGaSoiilkai*d| , 
Wl- tBwai4ialaBe,D0(wnlth,dWaatwidahR^ 
Foi thadMTXo^«a*of«Tplufbigcu»— 
1 own I.fcel patetMkwediwfi dKte t 
Their Bodaft ncman IjmpedUiK letd. 
And fat ihcir wak ittempu IndnlinGe flMd, 
Tho* Mriile (Ofinn ia exi^reOoa £ul, 
W ichis, the geoaroM Ctniimeali pienll i 
Kegard with kiod alfewtatt || Ztn^ woa. 
For in harbglbai bath aod hMuar glowt 
And wandr plwdiag bi the cauft of haiiai. 
Be geaile**>«liBw't iight balti 6»pMm. 
Tho' flKin fa dieft, yei hiihelr real fafti, 
(Foi well I kaow the lai^Mga of rheit hnitt,) 

ttw/rafnfe la fiTC, 
> twr, jt pow'rt dime ! 
'tb all I aOc— « para- 

OK It the Tragedy ef Zaxa, 
m WaUrflavM i* Irilmd, im 
ht CkriJImat rbJidoft, 
•rf Jifhn by Mr S. Whyte, tf 
Jrifttm-JIrtH, Dmblin. 
■t of fibion in the Gcheslag (owm, 
1^^ feenei, nor comic arill go down) 
■nchci Juliet makei her niMB, 
CkheUo*! OGcujnnon't gotie. 
are, Steele ind Oiwar, alt tetlte. 
If Foot, the Devil *, andtbcLyarj 
in lam, ilndi it in *ain in cope, 
■ laBe I wiih diocen oo the rope ; 
dMfta they're learing in the lurch, 
tCTDW-nieei— u i^ydaKchiDXh. 
ri ^Tcri, reafe )'oiir fiulilefi toil, 
I tOiaA — TiXiT onljr author — Hojiir. 
he gn*e lod i;iy, the oM and young, 
■urpen, one proniircuoiu ihroog, 
1^4 ht their iniiiHjt rigUi keep, 
wx Macbeth, now murdeti fleepj 
liiw ftaleCnea n'crthcitbonladrooe, 
' fax all uuereft — but [heii omb, 

m /ft'T'^ tVH^t iffi^l. 

Jm B L E O Y. 

XpRcwhile there liv'd, and fought the gnn> 
1; / Ot Turtle Dorei aa hatmlefi pair i 
United were their heart* in Iotc, 

With plentf Uefi, unknown to cue. 
The nel^'riiig bird* amund Ebemuoie, 

And fuf in aerei -djri^ layi [ 
The woDdi recura'd in notca die litau. 

To Turtle Don* an aadleb ptaifa. 
But ah ! all pitafure't like a dieam. 

Herclunnt, atai! delude the miod; 
Bcjnrd not then the traaSent fi:eat. 

Nor court her famiiTt, b uitkiad. 

OitiiHa, etJirtt^itJ^Jtfm Bill. 

ftrmtd 1 j faa it. 

t Mr vngt/imi't, Dj(( ^funi It lb lim 
frit;ip«l dmtBirt, ani for ni)/i imfmrnum 

h 33t X/|M Bia, L. B. Bnaiathn, 

W ^JUgii 9mi, L«4 JOma Btfxtla^hM. 

I So Th.GzitntUAifi MAGAZXJfE, Vol. XXXIX. 

When to the Hawk he fell • prey, 
Thb cniel (jrranc of the wood. 

All jof wai then for ever flown, 
. No more the Turtle mare returm : 
The widow'd Vorft, thus left alone, 
In plaintive notes his abfence moumi. 

' Ye warbling birds, that wake the grove, 

* And ev'ningt ciofewith tuneful ule, 

* Say, have ye ieen a Turtle Dove, 

' Fly from the wood, or crofi the vale ? 

' Scarce when the morn was tinf;'d with grey, 
' A-fieki my partner fled for food j 

' And homevrard bore an harmlefs prf^y, 
' To feed his little gaping brocd. 

' His love muft I no longer Ihare, 
' Nor fondly fee hjm cooing round ? 

* To me he prefs'd the dainty rare, 

' For me the grain be often found. 

' Are thefe dear joys for ever fled ? 

* For thefe alone I wifli'd to live ; 

* Is ev'ry expeftation dead, 

' That hope can raifc, or pleafure give > 

* But mull 1 ihuk fubmit to fate, 

* • To fo! row thus refign my breath ? 
' Can nought recall him ere too late, 

' And wave the £ital ftroke of death? 

< Ye friendly woods, and verdant plain*, 

* Your pleafures now to me are vain ; 

< Ceafe vrarbling birds your merry ftraini, 

* Your tunefni fi)ngs encreafe my pain. 

* Ye thoufand joys that once I knew, 
' Your influence now my griefs difpel ; 

< But ah ! why thus the lofs renew ? 

' AdieUf fond Dove!— dear mate farewell.' 

Then flutt'ring In tlie pangs of death, 

* RcfleAiuD, ceafe thy rack%,'lhc cry'd, 
' Why thus torment my parting breath ! ' 

She figh'd, flie dropp'd her wing, ihe died. 


To tU nnv Trage^fy of tiiFztil D'lCcovcry, 

Spoken ty Mr Barry. 
WJ^ EN firft the children of the Mufe 

To try their magic on the mind of man, 
Aftonilh'd moriahfaw.with wondVing eyos. 
The fair creation of the bard arife. 

Hence u dcriv'd the Poet's lofty nime. 
For Poet and Creator mean the fame j 
He, from his tancy, where the feeds of things. 
As in a chao« lie, to oider brmgs 
Worlds of hi* own, and builds the lofty rhyme, 
Whofe poliih'd ftrength defies the rage of time. 
Such were the bards, whom we too call divine, 
Hoirrr the father of i^c godlike line, 
Thi M.intuan bar*'., v!v>m all mankind admire. 
For f. cet cxj-reflion, and for yeft^l fire. 
Sk.kv'ff ♦*ar and Milton, both In Kn.;ldi^ born, 
V hofe gloiious n.»mes ilu; Qiiec n o^ Ifles aciuin, 
Whii, p'oidly fitrij.g on iier iruro throne, 
Jn att* and cmpiio will no ri«iil own. 

Thu* far <mt /.\.\\U.t lias a i'rolfn'.ue vrit, 
And wcuJd ba^^ '.<• . n, I thii.k, a Wiiti- p. )C!, 
Ji'iimr,n\i «;f Si^— liui I Ciio^ ni.«»r, 
yi/jj I* A,/;:; v., t/.j- i t hl'M }'>u wilh'o to I' tar. 
' I V. !' 'i '■; .".V, K- /.i\;,~ir. ft. h .■. r.ifj 
iVc ^ '^, f^ 'u- 1 * .».;?. ';■ irx'.'.Ai ir. t Is j.irtcc 5 


To tell, with what alternate hoptt and fears, 
An anxious Author on the fiage appeaia ^ 
For, like the nightingale, he hath addiet 
Himfelf to fing—a thorn at his fond breaft. 
If, like the native warbler of the grove. 
His plamtive notes are full of tender love ; 
Your handmay pull the thorn thttcaus'd his paii^ 
And give him fpirit for a nobler ftnin. 


U^ritttn by Mr Garrick, and J^ohen ly 
Air/ Abington. 

[ Enters in a Ayrry,] 

rOrglvc my coming thus, our griefs to utter«« 
I'm fuch a fig*jTc!-'and in fuch a flutter- 
So circumftanc*d, in fuch an aukward way, 
i kn^w H^t what to ds, «or wkat to fttj^ 

Our l)ard, a ftrans^e unfafliionable creature, 
A%^ ohftinate, as faving in his nature. 
Will have no Epilogue !— I told the brute— 
If, fir, thefe trifles don't youf genius fuic ; 
We have a working Prologue fmith withlji. 
Will ftrike one off. as if it were a pin. 
Nay, Epilogues are pins,— >whofe points wi 

Will trick your Mufe out, in the tip'top x^^ey 

* Pins, m^dsm \ (frown d the bard) theGrack^ 

us'd none, 
Then, mutt'ring Greek— ibmething like this 
went on ; 

* Pirnoi, paimon, patcknos, mm Gr^co Modon* 
I coax'd, he fwore— * That tie him to a ftake, 
' He'd fuffcr all for decency's fair fike ; 
' No bribery fliould make him change his plan.' 
There's an odd morui ! Match him if you can. 
Hah, fir, (faid 1)— your reafoning is not deep. 
For when at Tragedies fpcflaiors weep. 

* Tkey oftf like childr.n, cry tk<ntjuvei afletp. 
And if no jogging Epi ogue you write, 
Pit, Box, and (Gallery, may fleep all night. 

* Better (he fworc) a nap fliould overtake ye, 

* folly fliould to foUy's pranks awake ys: 

* Rakes are more harmlefsnoddinguponhencbe^ 

* Than ogling to inlnare poor fim pie wenches ; 

* And fimple girls had better cbfe thtir eyci, 

* Than fer^ them gadding afker buiiciflies. 
' Nay, fliould a iiaiefman make a box his neft, 
' Who, (h^t his country loves, would break hii 

' Let Come what may, I will not make tbea 
laugh : 

* Take for an Epilogue— thi» Epitaph 5 

* For as my lovers lives I would not five, 

* No pois'nous weeds fliall root upon their. 

*Tis thus thefe pedant (Jrcckread poct^ vapour;) 
Is it your pleifurc I should read the paper ? 
Here in tlie .rnis ofd.ath^ a minftft fa r, 
jtyovftg-tffv'J/i£ 0, unJh.'oWilfjir, 
Kowfin i repQfc, — Tkt ir Vftu-. s t} to/^, 
S:a/i^k, and weary, ruicb the wijh'jfct cs^J^g 
WifatiVif fKOriai totJiii fiot i.« b oUikt, 
n.a. thciizr f, by tkt \t-ad be t'u^ht' 
J\Uy hff, /imbfti^i lea t, to r'f/» /-.t ii> 
Artdyrah'' y tn b uut ii' de.hVy li •;.■ j 
2^ njr.a'l ikt i*ot (v y uijh biJ.'-, 
N,r Ken ^u aid Riviuc die in fain. 


Hiftbrical Chronicle, March 1769. 


K£ Simuiil Siocktcm, uf ASIeji, is 

Ljorithiic, I fii i-D iridci, u» 
l»«rbiiiiu(lT muniefed bjr one Huo- 

■Iincrini piejcher, Thii hxpocrht, bf liii 
prLicoanl btiAitf, hid piiaed 'lie tiulre 
cHifcleiK:. of ihe deCL'ife<i, »ha wit per- 
fc^dol by {■■m 10 tMt \ Uikb fugi uf nuiwy 
cu liy ouf in cofn in l.ii (Huuiun'*^ Country, 
pUck, be fiKl, woutd hrin;; him dwuiie in 
the Beishiwurtuccl uheic he lirud 1 but in 
hit jaurncy 10 buy th« cum, ihe niifcriuiiiC 
nunlcnd iml lubbcd hii beiKfa<noc, E» ibc 
Twnofhii famil]'. He hib lince beeniituil 
■I LincolD *fl;/ci, copri^led, and cxi:':u!i-d, 
bui deaicd the li^, wicbftd hii lire ui.b 
■ncjtCuUiian \o Gud isrceeiTE hA Ur.g^im 

Vtb-Htrj It, 
Thu d)y Che DincUvG met tl Ruid« Sot 
' tlwcleaioButii Vr>j>e. 

Tka |-r>!« eufe dcpeodint-bclbrc the H. 
ff y.i«n, by my of ajipeii,fica the fcn- 
ttecs of [he Lonfi of Suflkiai in Scmlud, 
ktween the ftmiliei of Huniltni) and Dubil- 
l«i, n< fiiuiry decieMi in favour nf tbe N<- 
J ter. ThejuyeipielKHlnitthe newiufihii 
C »»«h »ifcedlbi event in ScoiUud.imotw 
• beeapjefed. The Lord PivMEnl.whoeiva 
theciftinR ir„to, on ihe de-^ifion of ilut af- 
fair ai £diiih..r]th, )i» been infuJted, and ic 
b» oecB with itreai diihr.uny, ib<i iXx [wpii- 
Ikc there liuve been lellTained fiiMicoui- 
Biuio^ TiolL-acc t>n fe- aril of itie membeii 

)»f ihiicauit. (See Vol. x«vii, p. ,10.) 
7ke BAate in cmikD ii ItwX tu imounT to 
1 7,o«ol. a year. A piivaic letter fhioi Scot- 
UmI conctiidei (hui : ' Thii judKineni hat 
' sndeaied lo m [he happinefi oi bavloj; a 
■ Houfe of Pl'cii, and bi< Tcmlered coi^ 
' [Cinp(ib)c i>>e couii of SiilSom and In 

1 1te maftcri, ntnjent, and eitminert of 
thi ill' itEona companr, met at their Hall in 
I Kv t;id Biik) , >iwi t;i<e it i' ihcic opinum, 
iiiiL the l>>aM i;i.Eu l>y M'Quirk to Mr 
C''ik at Breiicfoid, u.11 noi ihe caufe of bia 
llaac'i. S.:e p. ij;. Mt Foui'iiIepOlitiiM 
•L theiiia], w.i ai fs luwi : 

Citijcl. Uitl you eiamlne the wound ' 
fitt. 1 did. 1 hu hi[r Dn l,ii huad wai 
full u> ttal. I r und upon die cnitrn uf 
the hud wa< 1 cnniltd wnaai i 1 laifkl ihe 
fca-p louod (h« would induxaiuoed ic wri;h 
ay probe ; -.nd fouml ilm fcalp al&ui tiur 

■Eclycoreriniiof [hRlkull,>v«in'iGhiiiJliiniud. 
After removing (he pciicraniiim, lenaniiiied 
the fltulliiT-lf ; I fuwd <io fifliire, rur frac- 
ture. I then riifcd thii Icalp op|>:]|lic M ihs 
wound (he contrary laic inun^eriodifruvei. 

(ci>p round Che wholeof che lieuf, and found 
noos at all. I iheti opened the hi:'.i ib« 
ul;>al tny. I ftniad under th« dura caiter, 
which i> tSe lirit coietiDS thai liei aain ili« 
Iku 1, a ^lantitjr of eiiianEited blood, and 
iliedura muer idelf *» much inHimcd. | 
then Rumincdth: lirft C9rc.'ine"''<'>e brain, 
ilinslfjuui'jU iiliBreif 
4iion, and th>i viXiit ^uii^ 
fm:tli-d witli ulxxl : ind tliit one ^'trivf if 
wa> iuplured,hutihe icit uf the 1:410 wuia 

C.jifl. Dj T-'Ui fP"n "'>T or *tl »f lh« 
appeir^nce-, appnihi:n.luliai occaOJnedhU 
dcaih > 

ft5(. T.. the Uft of my ip\aUa, the , 
wojrd heicieired on hiihcid wai tliv e.iuft 
i>n>ii death. 

A '.indlbme piece of plate iva> prefertretl 
to MrCinsley in thu- K-ns't Kj-r;-! pjif tu 
ft'jtn a cenilemaii unkiMwn, accot3|:ani«4 
with ■ Jcccer, fmin which llie lAhvt'ui^ ii 
an ciitad. " G.vj me leare, fii, to ex- 
prsftthe fEofeiifihat high uAeam I cncs^ 
liin iif yuurc'inl'J ', in Rcnnroully fUndiag 
iorth in the publ»:-i']-iiiteil clufc, of enisii- 
vJuiing to iuppiiii the ciHiilitutiuaal righi at 

Thi tlipiiiii.^i lidy. Ii:e[y hrojshi o^ 
\e. Itiiiii ilie r<iift ■>( C^naili, wit prefcnie^ 
(i< h.:r R. H. the Frinrefa Dowa^r of 
Wnk', who wa^ :nnch uitiSed at ihl fij^ht 
of a fi-ttm (.1 dilfeicnt in manner! and ap- 
pearance, from the inhibiianti uf ihit pan 
of the world Her K>>al Highnert gat* 
her 1 guld mLilal of hii inij..-ny, and ordered 
a rich hiliit ti> be made for her, after ch* 

Beins iV.e jnm*.rfi:y of St Oavid-fday, 
f'e [ti:»ard. of the {.u:\t.if of Ancient Sci- 
on., u.i.ed u|<on h\ R. H. the Vilnci:iif 

ceivcd a beae&Aiun of itia );iii,Ma< toward* 
the fupjioit of the poor children utidct ihek 

Wi. hcldallhc Town-hall IntheBirouRh, 
a numeioui meeting t>f the eleSoti, in order 
to dnvr up a foim uf inniutlionn lo be prs- 

Buth tnemben attended the meeting, and 
Miiratdfiteveni.Efji to>k the chair. Sir 
Jofeph Mawl-ey defended the prDptie'.y of in- 

The in 



Thit you 

ouroldconllituiiiHial right ofCiialby jiirie<. 
:. Tbi; you carefully Ruard ( (treat bul- 
wark of our libectiet, (he hahen coipui afr, 

3. Thai >'ou preferve inviolate chi- lij^ht cl 
e'eOui-, and the privile^vt nt the eleCied. 

4. llui you encourage applicatioD< for ro- 
dreft of ^icraneca 1 and tlircourage partial 
en>[iuti>:i. by which the tsnor of peUiieiU 
Buy ht winul agaiuA tba i>«iuiACK». 1,. 



Tlut ]roa pioinoce the fecority of til chpfe 
liberties derired to ut from the princtplei uf 
our excellent confiituiioo. 6. Thit you iilie 
your utBioft cndeavourt to reconcile ihc iin- 
hapiiy diifercncet fubfiitin^ between the mo* 
cher-country and her colonies, 9. That you 
cnouire bto the abafe of the military power ; 
•aa endeavour to put the maglftiacy upon a 
more refpeAabie footing. 8. That you en- 
deavour 10 promocc a ftaodin^; committee fur 
examining the public accounts. 9. That 
you inquire into the caufes of the great in- 
creafe of the civil lilt debr, and if any mif- 
•pplicatiun appears, to oppofe granting mo- 
ney for unneceflary purpofas 10. T at you 
promote a bill fur limiting the number of 
placemen in parliaaienty and for preventing 
peers fiom interfering in eleAinns. 11. 
Thn you endeavour to procure a bill i^)r qui- 
tting the mindt of the people with refpe^'t to 
obfolete claims of the crmvn. And n. That 
you promote a bill fur (horming the duratton 
of parliamcnu. 

At diis mef:ting Sir ]ofeph Mtwbey took 
occufion to vindicate himCeif from fome it- 
perfions that had been pr^p^gated to hi* dif- 
•drantage, on account of h\% finning a Irtter 
.of requifition tothuoommandant of theTowrw 
«r, for troops to afliil the civil power t 
which, hefaid, was done in the moil delicate 
fituation, the Maflhal of the King's Bench, 
litTing repeatedly exprefled bi« feare, that 
(he walls of the prifon were in danger fiom 
the niob ; that he had fent to the Tower fur 
1 guard, which had been denied him, be- 
caufe not backed by the civii magiftracy. 
That a p;iper. propofed and figned thg day 
^.fore bj M''. ^ ak^ and 12 or 14 other 
}uftices, being thereupon produced, and he 
Ibaring the confequence< of Itanding alone, 
kS any damage ftould enOje, notwithftanding 
the ftrongeft appearances to the comrary | 
in this exigency he acknowledged he did In 
&rt his name amc ng the great mmber of 
<ho>e who hid figrted the day before ; and 
In con'equence thereof, that a guard of men 
4\A arrive ttom the Tower, who, however, 
■rere foon difchargcd, a few only excepted, 
wliom the marfhal defired might remain 'till 
the neat morning. How the troops came at 
Cny time afterwards to he called in, he Ciid, 
JNc did not kn.7w : This vindication oi Sir 
jofephN produced the following fevere re- 
prehension } that this paper, faid tibove to 
te figned by Mr. Thrale, was not figned by 
chat gentleman, as mav be feen by the paper 
iffelf itiU prefcrvod in the Tower. If 
thereff^rc delicacy of fituation, and /w rf 
public ft&'imnt^ were the mot'ves that im« 
|;elh-d $ir Jofeph to do his duty againft his 
.opini »n, let his cxcufe have its foil efle ^ 2 
but « hen be regrets his cowardice of com- 
pliance, let him regret lilvwife the cowar- 
dice of calumny ; aind when he flirinks from 
vulgpkr refon!ment, let him not employ falf- 
hood to cover his retreat. 

Amidft the rage-of Inftrufting members by 
mJe^on and boa dehors* au anooyaious 

writer tiks, To what end fuch ■ muhiplicitjT 
of articles? Privilege, premgative, digniiy, 
decency, and common fenie are agatnft 
them. Laying afide all private views rhere- 
fore, let the body of the people implore his 
itujefty to reftore triennial parliaments, and 
let them confine their reprefenuiiona and in- 
ftmaioiis to that fingle pomt, which pofiibly 
may have ks elfody aod then every good pu> 
po£i wili follow. 

, nUrflif 2. 

Provifion was made for the payment 
of the arrean.of the ciril-lift, thin wh:di n* 
meafure was ever more necelTary, as many 
gentlemen of integrity and honour are redu- 
ced to the meaneft ihiita in cr>nfequence of 
thoi'c arrears. — The furplus of the Irifi 
revenue was formerly fet a-part as a kind 
of finking fond | but erf late an attempt had 
been made to bring it in aid of the civil litt. 
This attempt, however, miicarried} anl 
the Irifli now apply that furplus 10 the im- 
provement of their country. 

A bufto in white marble, of the Right 
Hon. the Earl of Chuflcrficid, was this day 
ordered to be foe by the Dublin- Society i» 
their afTembly^nxMn iu Grafton-ftreet, hie 
Jordihip bemg ilic great patron of that fo- 

Three perf ns were taken up atBriflol 
on fufpici<»n of hem;! gamcfter* and high- j 
waymen. In their pu> (es weie found a aub*- 
ber of counterfeit guineas. 
Friday 3. 
The feamen oui ward-bound, tn the Eaff- 
India company's fervice, quitted their ftips, 
and weoi in a body to the £aft- India houfe^ 
and deniandcd an increafe of wages, ^hi^, 
however, wa« not complied with. . 

The officers and members of the Free* 
mafon% lodge, hekl ar tlie Jerufalem-Tavero. 
inClerkenwell, by virtue of a deputation^ 
fign.»d by the Deputy Q and Majlr, attended 
at the King*s-Kench prifoO| and m-de Mr. 
WiLK>s a Maf in. It was faid in the p»- 
pwrs, that the difptnfitinn was ohuined from 
liie {yraud Mafin^ bur thit was contradifted. 
The rejH>rr of rhe prifoners uixler fenteoct 
of death in Newgate was m&de to Viw ma- 
jefly, wh-'n George Tremhie, tor a high- 
way robbery, and Wi liam Woodthey, for 
koufc- breaking, were ordered tor exectitioo. 
Mr. 6f.Vij WiVs^ a baker at Cheltenham^ 
was lobbed near that town uf 100 guineas in 
gold, and twenty ihillinjp tn filvcr. The 
night before he had bragged of his nnmey at 
a public houfe. 

An inliabiiant of London, imd a brickUyet 
at Alhford, were committed ro goal at Cen- 
lerbuiy for uttering faife and ooumerfeit pri- 
ces of gold coin. They have Impeached a 
baker in London, from whf>m they could 
buy, they fiud, four mo=d:)res for 4I. 
Sathrday 4. 
^ At a great meeting at Edinburgh, thft fo- 
cictf of writers to -che fignet, iakini; into 
confideration the attacks made upon th« 
^ufea of iiBTextl oiUit judfi^*, Md the iof air 


NAM w Mfca ArMT nabd in ilw>r fMtr. 
«. • t w ft ii * (be HtiKB nuouUliiT, m4 
» Ui« 4a d*Hte» of k « jMtk*. 

A nrMcMMMMdMiaanu RndiHt^ 
^MWi)r ai^jMiM (* AWHKdm, in 

(iiMtibM pUM4i«Mftwi( «hH>t venUa 
«*i^i«f< b4k«»r af ifae HHiorir. 

ttWinbm BeMchMdp nroAor, *ppai- 
M MMwt Im A^flr* <l>ii tact hb ofitWnc 
kMVacMdUut 6i Middicfai, mBtmi- 

I MoljiiMai hirinjt renOBW 

_ . of dw'ctalrcborlbciaiB, it- 

iW StdUinK psUkklr h Si. Mu- 

JH Ushacif orEftx.whhbtwnliir 
■ h iW i tf, die r«prB<tw««t».<rftb« caa». 
JKtmt,^ DumemnborfT oftbesmlcoiBa 
..IJMclnij, writed on hii m^^ety vkh ike 
MtBlaiMdMfl, lAldi jra* dnwa up n4 
'ipiil «t ^ aAiei « OiclniifcTd br tte 

Te iW KING'i «oft ncclleoc Mijat^ 

' S 1 K E, 

* WUm we hcl the )i^pT efft^i; Md 
IT brriSi a RUft itntefiil tenfe ol 
ijtj of four Mij<ll>'i 
mCm, vith ut (hei' 

«n« ablumfkec, ihe fpirii of f'dhhm and 

_ ** To tnriusc (od mi&cpnIcM, ranr pir- 

" And M dnw inco cnnttmpt rhe (u- 
Anritr -jf the cuuui of jnftice,' which, in no 
tee wera nore hippilf or bmi* MriDcnilr 

** Sni]> pan of t)K cnndaS nf (ha ditur- 
bm of ibe public repott apprMt lo in M 
jpnkand umcafbiuhte, n ii Uwkkcd t jet 
«■ ibiak Aieh pn>ceedia^, if aoitinntr 
•beaked, oiT operau (o (uln'en <*<e oooAi- 
.tadoa, a^ dcttio* ihai Li^rrTrvhlchbith 
bacB Bude ibe rpcr.iinii, bui/i^ jnKtet, 
tiK pmmaitif, nuitusn of Oie noft danfoi- 
eMlod aUiminRkind. 

** Already "he meiropolli lui bna fifigb(> 

" yon MijeMj'i i«poft '^ the fearof 

" A dfhetawriila.'iiuniftnlioBofjaftlu 
.^iobntl; obtnAed ,_ 

" It there bre becomci nur dixr, M 
Modi to the Gonftiloiim, and fiichftit Tub 
jaBt to jntt HajellT, » iij thefi out fco- 
tJ ewu n ai ibe foM aFTDurthFone, rclyinji 
wkhtha firiaaScoiiiidriKC,inTaitrMajeftf'i 
BUd^rtice, ixthec 

b.-lii|; taOt ptiijitaded ikifte pivAtw w 
of ib« pfhJle maqailllty, and onr pvo Ikfk- 
f ri arc lafepBTabla frani (be fixtei^ of jovi 
Mijc^'i fntoiMcni, «c ita detentfitad, 
■Clhe rift, of out fiiritaif-rpiTitii,toCip- 
porifo^i.niTal itaKhofit)', In fu^ praflrg attd 
fufaduinK all ftdiiio-ji and riotononeinpib, 
•tJch ibtvateo .deftnibioii »tha Ian. and 
c^rb the hippioef* and boomvof,fov( 

AitBcaiingaf thciocietrof ibe rvppar- 
ten of the Bill of Rif>hit at ihe Limdon Ta> 
«m, it wii icfyinii, lujff other tbinc*, 
toenquire iato ihe It le of Mr. Wilkct'i sf- 
fairt, and to rc(ian /be fange at ctie nett 
■n>;ctlaK. And ilut the rnmof JoqI. Aould 
be lohito Mr. Wilkti br bli imaicdlal* 
ofe, which aril accaulintilj fcni hf die 
banda of Sir Cecil Wrij, and Jibm To»»r 
ten'', Kfii. 

A nrUl cnne on at GniMhall bctbre lotd 
Man^U and • fpecitl JBTT , ip wbich fhiUr 
2tc\mj Foaeereaa wu ptaimif; b tbe !■■ 
«itc of WibKj u eleaincH, ibe ill fiimliM 
badnK km • mtt- of Sudbor; tcL «■ • 
prMsifcr note i when the Jmt e««-ra]ai 
ihai plea, and save a nidia k &Tawg<ibt 
plaimiff wiifa sooi, dimigca, 
^ Thephnof alo<u.rTtiiDeBMtkoa&t 
mcdel of tbofa in £niilaiid, wai nadi peh. 
tic. Jt conlilti of jo^ooo tickcn at ten rii- 
dallan. or li. 51. eadi. Tbabifbcft pria 
ii jo/ioo rii'dollan. 

ITiJaifit^ I. 

Sneial mnchaat, nd odieia Met at id 
King'i-Ann* laiein in CoTlihill, ie cHer 
loflgnaD iddrafi to hiiirajiftj, which hf 
ready pntpaccd for ihai puipofe 1 on «hich 
a warm debate eofued upon the propriel} U 
thai neafine 1 and in the end, from wold* 
the J caoieio biowt. Chiilei DiD((le]r, Eli|t 
K luhmt adnjcaie for [ha addrefi, teick 
Mi. Ki!jaoldi,a»pmer 10 Mr. Wllkn, and 
ai wiim an adracate igalaii it t anl 
Mr. KeyooMi, [a teitvn, kancked Mr. 
Diotlet down t ihe (nj bef;inBtng mrpreed, 
the addiefa wu wiihdr'wa, and tbe AitI 
ftcinweraof ii£>floMadU. Ttttgcoiieae* 
in tbe oppo&ioik being ww maAaii of (be 
loom Nr. Vawhaa wuplaced intiwcbair. 
Bod a MKulai debiie enfud, in which one of 
Ibe fpcayraobfeind, dul h« c«ne Iheie 

but did WN lliinklbi(f.«/yf^y«a, ineteir 
■1 luch, enliikd hloi ui ■ flnre In ibe coa- 
tliiutioiiat pTTilERBt of tliitkincdon, mM 
iheopiniMof MeiLinnii tnunMlor at Ia» 
IB i ^rt fv jTKW^ihould he («»■ -«/ J ewendei 
I0«llcife<. i/t/nJ/M', r4idihi wonbr 

««r-,4U, .tdjlifp tifi ra a k^fi, k 
«a,U4t r a Mr '^n «i'«f K lU ai nMf- 
l*w if Pi^t*. If fe, ro^invad be, tte 
neu iiip that Rti'« wiih ■««t^tif¥aVik 


ci London, vrho nil mtj be admittccl to (ign 
anaddreit. In the mem time hechou^^ht. 
the bufioefi mofif roper for fucl\ an alTembly, . 

1. To give direAioni to the fcavengen t* 
clean the ftreets, 

2, To Older the bcnciles to clear them of 

jforas ch^fe things equally concern the infia- 
hitant, from whatever coumry hz mip;hc 
come, or for whatever pgrpofrt, whether at 
* fiock-jo^ber to make hi« fonune by ojr dif- 
trellety or as zjw,ui%l r. to rum dur manu- 
fa^ures, he may b('' equally pe mittcd to in- 
terfere in their regulation ; hue as by the 
^ame laws by which ihcle tVrcipn ger.tiy aie 
pcrmiued to liw and grow in litis coun'ry, 
they are excluded from :<ny fharc in the con- 
Aitutional dirrftion of it, they furely cannot 
have the prel'umpti n to prcfcribc to frce- 
bom £ngliflimen*ihe nie^tfure of duiv by 
which they aie toaddrcls ihcir fo\ercign. 
He concluded, therctorc, that iuch an ad- 
dreis, prepare^ for th^^m by fuch a body, 
was an infuit to the common fcnfo of Free- 
Britifli merchants, and oi:g)it to be treated 
acoordingly. A commi(;ee was then ap- 
|K)inted to confider what meafires were pro- 
per to be purfued, and thi; meeting was ad- 
journed to Friday. In the mean time the 
•ddrcfs wai carried td the merchHnt fca- 
mens office, over the Koyal-Rxchangc, and 
Siext morning tlte merchaatiy &c. were invi- 
ted tQ fign it. 

His Majefty has been pleafcd to extend 
bit royal mercy to Edward M'Quirk, now 
vtider fenterce cf death in Newgate. (See 
p. 136.) Lawrence l!al<fc has liltewifc oh- 
lained his Majeity't pardon. 

Ac Maidi^one aiTzcs, George S'oncy, 
charged with ab -frng a young lady at Shcer- 
ncfs, after a trial ol ci^ht liours was acquit- 

Th^rfdy 9. 
Was tried bcrurc lord M nsfleld, a caufe 
in whiclv Mr. ben amip. 'Smith was plainvitT, 
in order to recover <)3mape:; for a malicious 
profecuti-rncairied on .ig:»inli him by thede- 
fendaiuai the Obi Baily for fo-gcry ; when 
the jury fmr d a verdia in his favour^ ivith 
lOvOi. dimif.e^. 

A wiHl dref«'d woman, far gone with 
child, i\as imtnd with her throat cut. under 
ther*4tu way, leadin^.; to Fiii.Courc, in Hul- 

Fri.h-: 10. 
At the general mctiing^'f the merchants, 
btid by ar.'jtiiirnmenc at the King's- Arm* 
lavi*rn, the rrf 'liiiirn* aj^reed ii», were to 
the tnUfwinz purjj'Ht ; 

I. 'I hat rhc means ufed to obtain an ad- 
€lrefs, were fa lacii>u\ r.'\d .T.bitnrv. 

a. '1 h^t the prfd»»cing ^n >ncijcf* to riic 
mi'.rih;»m<j of r^-.iHi"n, a'reidy prepared, 
va^ eviriv.tly iilioniiitcu v/ich their dignity 
an."! rS.*ri,J:er. 

7. ihtt the mf.rrhj>ms nf T-irdon hive 
•/.I. /.'•-■ acxj, a'y} a y nmv act \vi 1: I'j macb 

loytlty to his Majefty, afifeAi«n to bis illuf- 
triout family, anid zeal for the prcfent moft 
happy conftttution. tt to render any renewed 
declarations of luch iheir aruchmeni, ablu- 
lately unncceflary. 

4. That they have alwayi, and do now 
look upon the hippy fetik-meni in his M*- 
jefty's auguft h>ure, as the only fecuriiy un- 
der G .<d fyyr the ccuinuance of their liberties 
and rdision. Signed, 

John Mil, ('9< Chairman. 
At a Court of Cx>nimon Council, the city 
meml ers informed the court, that they had 
waited on the lords of theTrcafury and the 
bifhop of Ely, conceinini; moving the Ficet- 
piifon to Ely-lK.ijfi?, at>d (lie Fleet marlter, 
to wbeie tlic prif'in now is, in order to make 
agjandftrt?et fiom Klack-Frisri bridge, to 
the great N"i"ih-i< J ro which their I»rd- 
fliips gave conftnt ; and a til- is fpeeaily 
to be brought inio pirliamcnt for that pur- 

Enlby Hnll, the f* of his grace thtf 
Duke of Ancait«'r, was fet on fire, and en- 
tire I yconfumed. 

A riotous aflembly of fellows, who call 
ihcinfclres thro »v<* ers, i.i Spitial fields, nare, 
during the prrfer.c week> evtcirtcd mjm^y 
from the m^ftcrs, and commined other out- 
rages, but by the vi«;iianrc of Sir John Field- 
ing's officers, thty have been difperfed wiili- 
out much bloxiilitd. 

K^arnrJ.y 11. 
The farmers in the n-^ighbourhood of 
Gloucefter, havmg declared their intention 
of felling wheat at the I/tndon piice ; and 
the mayor of that city havin;; eltabllihod a 
correfpondence with the Lii don meal weigh- 
ers, to be truly informed, the crier proclaim- 
ed lor the firlt lime the true price before the 
nvtikct began. 

Drhrd^', \x. 
As the \VelJini'.b-:>i''-L»)» vvaj"',on \va« pif- 
fi:ig \Vellin.;lx>:r>ugh Jirid;.'e, tin? m*in a!ch 
gave w^v, nnii th.- waircon and holfes f; II in- 
to the" river. Tiic wiggon wa^. bniken, and 
the qootU nticli diir.a^cd, but. the horfc» were 
taken out aliv.:. 

Wtiinfihv 15. 
An addrcr, in (he name of tlie roun'y of 
Kent, wa5 iTe.'emod to his m^jeOybv Shr 
Charles Faniabv, lately elcitvd kni^hc of 
the Ihire for county. 

'■ftuViia': 1^. 
Came on si Bren'fbrd, the fecund re elec- 
tion of a kni^'.hr of the thirefoi Mi irHi-fcx, 
when Charles T)lng!ey. Rfq; made anoiK:rti> 
oppofe the popula: tMn<ii<lAte, bu'. l>eing v-jrry 
iiMjphiy h.»nnle<l by the popnlicr, he was ad- 
v'fed by his friendv (,> icire ; upon \vhi':h, 
Mr \\ iikcs wai ch'ifen a thiid 'imc, wi'hout 
oppofuion. Juft as the flier itTs h^d dcrlired 
Mr Wilkes dily eltrftcd, they receiv-'d 
a kind of pro'olt ig.iinft the lepalitT of the 
eleciiw, in a Jfr:or fr^m Mr lJingl»y, So: 
as no pcifm h.u! \\ccn fi.uirwi hardy cnlHll:^ »•! 
prop«'ff ihai ijemlfnin, his ler'er was dif- 


■Miooheklu Bftnibid, «w it- 
mUW noA, tad i Ww ww w» or- 

I IUapum,of tbahlngcbaiof IrelMd, 
!d t decree in hii fiTonr i)^iiift t da- 
I ihc Caun ^ ExchcquO' in Irelind, 
Mfa whnttB LokI Dwwgil vu re- 
st, TkBcSiteinqueftioawH^oool. 

S—Jeri wM coAmitnd to Oite:d 
K burle-tailW. who tppeari to b*- 
tipog, put o( wiioin ftolt horiu in 
(tlamcouoius, uvl At ocbc ^irt is 
Khna couixlet, und iboui ibe raid'ind 
etAej v£ei to meet (nd CKhiniie i 
E ifatin, howcTcr, b«iii| dctcfieil, dif- 

dw iffixet II Dnreheftart Thoniii 
DiU, Efi;; reeoTBTecl inoL dinuRC* 
t aCiilam Hovlii oOkar for banking 
■ houft on pnicace of fenohiiig bt 
gnwd goudi. And, 
Hoamouih ona Abel Pioflar «n CSB- 
liBr fatrtHTOiu irecmnx la i poar Jew> 
ha fet before i lir^ in iriA ha bnd* 
Alod him tn nut, lod ri«a tuSed hac 
dMra hii Throii. 

SJnrJjj 1 B. 
ce ftrenl adrtietfec were lliii dtjr pie- 
lohii najcftrfniinBiifUli [b* ItiH, 
ha mijor, burgElEn, ind ciimmoiuhr ( 

t ibird, fiointhe|Kni-e>nenaadclei|(Ti 
pndi>e of ihc uimoft dciefUtion ind 
coce of (bofe feditiiMt iitenpii that 
can Mtely mida id fpreid ri«, lJc«- 
p(i, and ^iSifu&ioa ihioujjuiat the 

e trill of the farmer't Ildl for the ma- 
'. ihe Uopkeeper u Cobhun, (Aie p. 
eameoii m Kin);floa,whm oneof ibem 
Mvi^cd, ind ihe odiet deiied. 

r Grace the Dutchrfi of KingftoawM 
md lo iheir oujeliiet ii Si Jiaue'ii 
oonircd her Cnce bf weiring tua fi- 
,ai did all the g^reii r.g,cr.n fif ftite. 
e poli boj wiih ibe north miit wu 
1 of ibe Boroughbridi^ big kelween 
anl and Cnlftermainli. A TCwiniof 
hai finre been advcni&d fiiappTa- 
ag the ro'jbci. 

*. Di WeihcTill^ lice chaBCflUnr of 
d, waited npon hi< Diajdtjr with • Tei7 
■ddrefi,*! dul die Re*. Dr Hincbelift, 
baacelhi of C«mbrid|p, wilk the ad* 
•f ihe uDiTerliiT. {Sea ibc back of 

MaJaf eo. 
a very mmenwa meeiiDn of ibe fiew- 
F»or MkUlefei ai Ihe Mi Is end afiev 

H ibeir rigbt of ele^iiHi tif iha reseat- 
IcBOf Mt Wincaifai ihcii repinfad- 
fat parlnmenl. At ihi* meetuie tha 
ilfhc of tbe6«ehciidBriii>clHi<e,.ii]d 
VXtUAenUeiiam ' 

<na faid n be- aMyhW hcranl a doakb 
Befcratlw lal ala&laa, it bad bean fiid it 
ihapaperai ihatMiWiaua bea^br an. 
(iHutiaaAf eI« Houb mAn^ hw^ift «^/r< 
Iht ttt^ tKitf lb m^ ftrUtmm, omld 
■nt be nntnwd ty tlie (be- tlTt iar /■ artiM* 
ef rh/aiifAd'r* eM ^rhuofrt / (tr Aa^( 
■Mt ibai «« ihe fieeho>den who ftould pw- 
fume to foe ihe feerj^ Ar r/a{l)| tW iwif 
fbrMr -Arjlkei, wnaU be lUble iobafa« 
ip KewgatehyihaH.of CoCBBoaai littb* 
fherifi would be liaUa to iba Itina pu^hi 
mattff Ilia frt \mrd !• poll lk» ( W ihia 
doArine, uiou|;b foicibtjarl^, wai aot 
ihnvgltt fuHkitnt lo foperfede iha eiprtfif 
WQidiof anaAof parliimenc iGeo.ii.c. !«< 

Atra broke out ai Mr Biadla;'* diMll> 
boala io Comnt Ganlen, whkh burnt wiik 
ffich TiolcBce, thai eiclit hoiifai were Mi 
danlj eoBliinied, arid' ai the fcnetiiMtte ' 
whole tesiof the piatiamableddowD. 

ThaSwalimr floofiof wM,who aetompa- 
Died the Dolphin oian of war lo ibt Snalt4 
of MaseUan, and wa* ifaira ikn^ u b« 
Ion, anind at Spiibead. la ha *dM* 
Ae haa Mt the mifler aa< 14 of bai im£t 

r»>i9 .1. 

Tbe fonoB^nt: bitla iecai*r>d tbt (Ofal 
aSeni bj aunmifloo. 

The bill foi nifiiijt 180,130111. brMcte' 
qi.erbilli— ftn ippoiniliig coounldionen of 
lipdrut.— forrepealiniipanof aa aft wUeh 
fcHraini innkeepen , ftc froia ufing pleta, 
—for ih* Rei'etil quiai nf ihe fuUeA agataft 
all concealmenit.— Ibr indtmnl^ag per&ai 
whir have oniticd looiuli^, «c. AM « 
gi»l Baaj priraielttlu. 

Wi^t'JV 11. 

1 he Ri Hob. Sir FlefdMt Nnton, «ti bf 
hia majellj'i nmnund, rwom of lu< ■*}£(; 
if'i pnrjrauncil. 

Hii Serene H nhnefi priiMa Genrge An- 
lEullin of Mecklenburih, will, on hii Denitk 
majefty't requelt, fipiifjcd trf hia *arilaSi> 
dor, inrelttd «iih the DiniA oidet of thq 
alcpHaai \ ihe ceremoBj wai peifdrmed ia 
the kinft't clofet. 

A cavalcade of mtrehanl* and tradefinaa 
of iho citf of London in cMchei, in <hei( 
way 10 Si jamn'i wiih « toral addreb, ««ra 
lupiEd br a dtjpcraie o 
igh the d(r, wbi< loftilie 
mal-ireaied ihe principal condiiA'-n 
that lennlcoaebea were ob)i(;ed to with- 
draw, foina to rnumbicli, othert id pfocetd 
br t^e wafi, and thofe who ariiTCd at 5c 
Jamei'i were To bedaubed wiib din and &«• 
teitd, tlai boih iriaflira and diiTeri were ia 
ihe uiBuS peril ot iheli liTei, Tbetiaicn 
aniediheit outn^rti within the paUce gtuii 
Lord Talboi on (hii occaAoa babiied mik 
uapiialelled iairoptdii]', and ihoufh he ba4 
hi> llaf of ulice broken in hii hii^j he fe- 
fsrediAoof the molt lAiTS Mnooc iba no- 
tan, wiandcbnol b; hii owitlbrntMLv. Kn 

i66 tbi (jbntlsmam^ Macazins Vol. XXXIX. 

<he dehided popnJtce, iedired 15 of them 
t# Im dealt wUh According m Uw, Mr Bo- 
teniy CO .whom the addreis was eocni^ed. 
was fo feverely handled, that he was oblif»ed 
CO quit his coach, and take flieltf r in Nando*a 
•nflee houfe } his coach was rifled, btit tlM 
iddrefs eicaped. It was^ however, with 
ibme difUcuJty lecovercd fa^ the addreifbrs } 
which oc^afioned a difagreeahle delay ar St 
James'sy where thofe «ho had arrived in 
ufetT, renttincd io the greaccit anxiety. In 
this mcervaly federal refl^furiont were taken, 
•-fair oo|ij was nade, and 'fome who were 
prefenc had begun to ^pk it. At length the 
original arrired, the fiirjr of the |K)pulace a- 
Vated,and the affiiiv went oo without farther 

In the Strand, a hearOi with two white 
And two black horfes, took the lead of the 
•aTalcade ; on one iide of. the hearfewaa 
Arikingly rcprefemed, the fokliers firing at 
young Allen, and on the other the murder at 
Brentford. An attempt was made to driTc 
k into the court-yaid at St. James's ; but cho 
rot-aft being read, it drew olTto Carlton- 
lioofe, afterwards to CuroK rhnd houfe, and 
laft of all to lord Wcymouch'a j at all which 
places, the drirer made a particular kind of 
cumpiimen:, and then retired. 

The fame evening an Extraordinary Ga* 
•etre «va^ publift»ed, with a proclamation for 
fuppreffing rnts, twmulrs, and unlawful af- 
P'mbliei ; peace was reilorcd, and only five 
•#f the rioters detained^ the reit being fet tc 

A letter from the Dean and Chapter of 
Su pRulN 10 the Royal Society, requefting 
the dircftion of that learned body, for fecu • 
rmg the carhadial from the fudden cffeAs of 
1ii;htnin^, wa« referred to a committee, con- 
tf fting of Dr. Franklyn, Dr. Watfun, Mr. 
Canton, Mr. Edward Delaval, and Mr* 
Wilfon, who after having examined the 
building, are to repr^rt their opinion. 

His Majefty gave the Royal A&nt to the 
following bills, 

A bill to prevent mutiny and defertion in 
his Majefty's colonies in America,— for dif- 
folvtng the mani*ge of the duke of Grafton, 
••for diflblving the maniage of John Wor. 
gan, £fi{; andfeveral privite bills. After 
which both houfes adjourned, the Commons 
ViU the 4th of Apri', the Lords 'till the 6di. 

A pretended clergyman for attempting to 
e-immlt a rape upon a child under ten years 
of age, was tiied at Hertford affixes, con- 
viaed, and fontenned to be imprifmcd fix 
montiM, to Hand twice in the pillory during 
that time, and to find fecority for his good 
behaviour for one year. 

This day Balfe and M'Quirk were dif- 
charged out of Newgate, having firft given 
bail to plead hit majefiy's pardon. 
Saiardjy 15. 
Col. H. Lotterel, fon to Lord Imhamy 
^clared himfelf a candidate for MkUlelex. 
«Y-8J^ 26. 
JUii^ Jftder Sun^Xp 0^'^ a^eftiei'np 

cobod tho ikcrtmeac fiom tht biadi of tte 
biiKip of London. 

/ Addrellbs from Liverpool and Leieeftar* 
(jpere prefeoted ttf his majofty. 

Came forth fia appeal to the pnblic, by 
Mr Foot, the bfpefting forgeon, toochiof 
the death of Mr George Clarke,wlK>recetve4 
a blow at the eleAion at Brentford, on th» 
8th of December UtI, of which ne languiii* 
ed and died die i4ih.— In this appeal^ the 
author lamema the necefflty be is under of 
appealing to the public, againft the fenicacn 
of a Mtw cotrt qfjitdicag-^rt, the court of f»- 
amiitiwgfiirfjnu^ convened by a fecretary of 
ftate, to anfwer a particular purpofe ; a court . 
whofe members are not upon oath, nor re* 
cetve any evidence upon oath 1 who with* 
out infpc^ing the body, are to dectare 
theiropinbnof another man's opinion found* 
ed uj>on infpeftion ; and whofe determina- 
tion la to controul the veidid of three <eve« 
ral juries, ftrengthened by the unanimous ap« 
probatfon of the learned judges. I f, by fuck 
a court, folamo femences are to be reverfod, 
private charatters traduced, and public juflice 
ittfpendad, what conclnfionmuft the public 
draw from the deplorable condition of courta 
of judicature. 

Of the fecretary of fate he wifiies to be. 
informed, whether his rank, or his office, cas. 
gin him a right, 10 injure w>th impunity, the 
charader of an uooficnding Individual ? and 
whether he imagines, that any tkle ha maj 
give to a performance, or any name he majr 
prefix to it, can iao^tify wilful de.traAion, or 
tuilify an attempt to ruin an innocem man, 
in order to L-cure the perlbn or perfrmx of 
thoie who hired M'Quirk, and the other riot- 
ers at Brentford. 

Of the fame nobleman, he wtfhes farther 
to be inf( rmed, whether his lordikip knows^ 
that, by our laws, not o^^ejhgkfirgiom can be 
admitted 00 a trial for murder ; arid, whether 
It was for that reafen. that he chofe a jury of 
fifp^ts •ii^,to over-niki the determinati* n of 
three fereral legal juries ; the corunei'i ju- 
ry, the grand jury, and ihejturyon life and 
death at the Old Bailey. 

He is likewife cur^ms to know, by what 
firange means the fncuhy have fo ingratiaied 
ibemfelTcs lately, that they axe not only the 
fole perfons appointed and deemed compe- 
tent to fit ujudfts and/Vj', but are likewjfe 
thought the only peiiuns fit to be examined 
as evidence ; for the commtrd to tlie fur* 
geons was, to examine only Mr Bromficidy 
Mr Foot, and Mr . Surling. I fhould be 
glad to be informed^ adds liw, whether the 
Secretary's face will not gbw, when he reads 
this appeal, and reconfiders the meafures he 
hu taken to de'^roy me, aikd ever- throw my 
teHimooy. Ten men^ who never faw the 
body, were to examine— -whom ? — — Mr 
Biomfield, wh-t will not dare to fay be ^an 
give any evidence about it. And, Mr Star* 
ling, who^ in his depofition before the ooro- 
^cr, bu faroni and Qgoad, that wka wMstA$ 


rOiftm-ttiMmJV. WhiE (hen 
eiHcd (a fin befon tb* uiminins 
>,*hMhe ntufitr;— Wheohe wii rm 
< bcfiM iba cor^acT, he TKarjCKT 
H^ ttt t-m w^i lit ftfi tf IM 

feritiime fei M' Fimi, ibit wlula b rIwm 
the petfidj of oibeii, bt, ■tihefanwiioiai 

PTuoliimituthe wiirid.dK t^M of lu>o.t*. 


' Oiii 

ia ■ppc'li Mr Foot rclim (he vM* 
iag, Uom ibe time ol bk being fir* 
atsinfpca ihebodj'it'jihceaiontr'i 

tbi'. of hiiTTliins [hit appeal. He 
e d. pnfiiiuni of iha vriniellvi before 
iBcr'i jurr IE lirg£, ihe depoliiloiK of 
R iriirKlTu i[ (he tiial a< ihe Uld 

(he of p»!iifin; urith himlclf 
I paper kui): af<ti t^■tf Kill , ■ cdiij of 
cr [Lreir, wlih (he ufc that wai afirr- 
ude uf ii.andhiiexiTniniiionai lirRe 
ke eour. of exi-nlMit ii Sucfteuo'i 
Ha iben pic-creJi vj an(«<!. the ob- 
ihitlufe biK* nccai nHlly utsedi 
f,aL»i(i»iH>f'/J«inui utrful'r', 
itKhtkill Ai>L T[ij[ it wai fully 
i( tofjii<iT(hejijdKe> and jur7, ihu 
ir wit (he ciuleiif (he man'idaaib | 

in fptakjne lo a iurj, he cholc h- 
le iiHelligible than fcieniifc, (Aj. 
' M^ (n faftt, meiolDg hlmfelf, 
frf ■■• fi'rt, t'*: lii Jtatk ^ itt mtt 
.gfWif jf lArf'Bw. Anf. Wha:wd 
ence .if (he (wu BcHlei > OlijcCt. ]. 
''*r Jlfr Snmfil.'t oT M' SiJT'tMi 
J-a' ill vilf-r^eitftt tie trill. Am. 

Ml Bmnlieii) had no etl<fence (•> 
ad beca-jfc Mr Siailbig had jMlared 
:h, bcfiire [h* uninei^ jurf, that ha 

(he min wja deid <i( th* fcnr, but 
I (he ciufc of the fferer hecuutd not 
tjea. 4. n.l ht laJ emr j^ lit 
tltl *Fit' b" <lmk. AdT. ir [hu 
*iartiMi(e (he furt^con*) eTidence, a 
rbad oniT to make the hlow dccilive 
■• puniftmeni ) fiir ihea no fuigeun 

a (liie ti^iin i I "fif hi tbaik. 

I obje.'doni heini; remoi-nl, iVIr Koot 
t acnodn- of ih« OiiiB ilie> had in 
aie nanrattkm j and tr<>uU aft Mi, 
A,J»a lit Jsabi j-Ji i* lir tyti 

ayei a>ifi:niii kit niri Jnd#, about 
! of Mr Clirke'i df«h, and whaiher 
even niw dechie upot bis mh, lha[ 
iid m ill nl Ihe blow he ter.eitccl u 
d. ToMrS(diliH:;hepuiuhe(anH; 
leSi^'D. Thii ii the puirxm of Ibii 
d appeal. The lumiiie, huwe- 

Ibnred, on hii uawanly filling muj 

tment The nioiim, indeed, rhti 
1 ibr. nStisuy uf ihiTe who to-ik the 

and ■ cunfcioulneft of being nude 
iU^feiu An Ji Jeaatt tiati im- 

The Impio' . , 

Claminj; Scoti lin. u Aiuaiilr lecuinni :. J>jli 
iihenpofitoi} at felcfl pa|iei>. Mr Frm' 
wir.k, of Lemlnj^toD in NmhuitUierland, faii 
plaiuod lame hmidrcd ihoufml', ai (he ei^ 
pence of 71. a thoulind. Bui Can.\j lalioiK 
mult be rery cheap in ihai cuuDiir. 

Amnng the p-jnia from the ciuwn, that of 
Hay bill, Berkeley Square, b> Queea 
Anne, u> tbe (ben Spuket uf the llaale iif 
CommoDi, ii lemarliabic. Much climMit 
wai madeabduc it, ai ahrihf offgieatcon- 
fequenu, and the ip.-aket fa d it for tool, 
andgareibe numcr to Ihepoor. TbePian- 
ftet fimilj Uteiwarda purchaCcd it, tod it 
•■-'---'- '-"itJHfirt_iii,oool. 

" ' ' takei aoiice, that 

hil lately h< 
A leiie 

: nelj-hbourhuod of tbai c> 
tr. .:.:.: ocen inoculated by MrCbipBun, k 
&rii(i aud blackfiBidi, nut one of wbnLad, 
been ia ih« leail dinj^r. 

A fumf!uoua fei of horfe flimhore, deCen- 
«d a> t preleni foxn hit majelly to an Eat 
India Nabob, wti plieed on oat of ibc king'* 
borfui for hit majefly'a appiobiiiaa. It 
nude a Tcry fplendid appeiiince, beii^ear- 
nimeucd with tUimoiida, and lalued m 


Her {race the Duichefi of Kingftan weuv 
pendani on her left Ibouliler, (be piAurc al 
(be EleArtri of Saiony ; and, from her »• 
ample, other tidiei begin to wear mioiaiuts 

An luljio mufician bcJngdeteReiltn aa 
inrii;ue with a j;nnt p:r<bnige, M (he conn 
of Berlin, had hit head feTCrcdfrom bit bndf 
by ord«r of the — . Thii affjir hat been tte 
fuh eft of much conierrailan. 

By Icnett from the gemJenwa ■nroinud 
(0 go (u Utcnbiiurg by bit-Uaatfh Mtjehy, 
(O ubfcrre the (itnAt ofVenu-, ic apfwaii, 
(hat [bey hare been iciitdcd in iheii juHf 
nry by (be fcveie froft which bi hi at 
Surbirk, about [be beginnin(; uf Aueut lift, 
which cunirrct the ob Crralioo of Mr . Crank, 
iabiiHiltury ot*GrcenIatii1,that ihcmildet 
vrinten in t(i« ibiKliarn ctimatu, an^enc' 
tally die feTcran in the oorihem. Fnira 
(he t{th tu [ht: iltih uf September, iha 
liquur in D'L^ne;i iheimaiseter fell f'on 
i£o [o Its, ""l <" Kcaumuii (u J { bel.a 
(be poiu O. 

|[ hat been remnrked by a bumorniifb- ^ 
rrigner, tilt in EnfUand ihe people ^re -r 
tilted in (><e morning I'll the foip ibat walbea 
(heirhaiidii at nine tor the cuAx, the rea 
ami the rugai they ufa lot their bie^kfift , a( 
Boim. far (he Harrh ibai powdurk theii hair> 
at dinner fa the filt fivouri Theirmeai j 
in thi! eteaing, for the porter thai cheiii 
UiBit fpniki all day long fHib* lifJHiJiit 
cnicn their windmn ^ mA v. «\^ (a Ova 
CiudJei ilu( ligbi (h«a m hwl. -^ 




r -n .•» 

Lift ol BiitYis ibrt^Yvc I769. 

LADY Ca(dMrell,_o^« diu^^hter. 9h* 
wasbipiired bj ihe name of Georgian^ 
Sophu Selina ; the ceremoox was performed 
by :hc Bp of Clo{;her, the lord lieutenant , the 
duke of Nurthumlterland, the oountefi of 
Moira, and lady Shelbunie were fponfon. 

La*7 df Sir Fxl. AAley , ban.— of a dajght« 

Lady Pet re— of a fon. 

I^dy o' Sir John %i Aubin — of a daughter. 

Lady of Sir ]a. Langham— of a £0^. 

Lady of George C^ry, Kfq;— of a fon. 

Lady of the E. of figmont -of a daughter 

Lady LiffoTd— of a diu^ihcer. 

Lady of Gn»y Cooper, Kfij;— of a Cm. 

Lift of Marriages for the Year 1760. 

DR T^rvi** phyficuD ac Baib— to Mlfa 

Feb. ao. The. Crawley, jun. Efq;— to 
]4 i fs Savage , of Se ven^a m ptoo ,Gtoiir.e (terfli . 

March i. John Wilier, Efq; of Old Bro*d 
llrcQC— tu MKsDoiizlas of Tvirickenham. 
" 4 "Fra. Morhnd,Efqjo£Ong4r— tuMra 
Hinde of Cheihunt. 

Herbert Crofi, Efq;— to Mifa Mary 
Chawner of Sudbury wixjd. Deil>yniiic. 

Edw. Wilki, Efq; Oorekceper ac Fcver- 
ftaoi — to MIfs jMne Stanley. 

5. Dr John S-uith, Civilian Pr^'fcflbr of 
Gcome'.ry at Oxford —to Mr\ Tindal. 

JohnTyfon, Efq; -to Mift Cockayne of 
the Strand. 

6. Jame« Lucas, Efq;— to MUi Haniwh 
Tyfon of North Aud ey flrcet. 

8. His Grace the I>»ke of Kingfion-to 
the Hon. Mift Chudlci:'Jj. on^ ot the maids 
of honour to the ?rinct-f» Dwwagor of Wales. 

26. E of OifcTT — uMhe Hon. Mifs Lid- 
del, late Dutchcfs of Grafton, daughter of 
Lord Ravenfworth. 

Lift «»f Heath* for the Year 1 769. 
Feb. TV yi''^^ Aaron of Kid'.icrminlte • She 
ao. xVl ha'i 'efi ^'J^i- ^^ ^^^ corpi>rati<)n 
for the uli'-t t)f the ditrrff-d fons of the 
clc»rgy, and lool. to the new Infirmary at 

Charles Vonn-ddorkc, Kf; ; Vitvt Snlilburv. 

a6. V/m Dunrombc, Kfc: in Marj^arct- 
ftreer, Cavendifli fquavo, in ilu> 8o«h rear of 
bis age. uni%'erfally known, ref[kei^od and 
admired for bl« amiaMc temper, and nu- 
■y ingeniot s publiratMns. 

ag. Alder. Evcra-d, of Lynn in Norfolk. 

MaitinEyirc, Efq; formerly purx-eyarto 

#)e Rririfh a'my. 


Sani. Uoda, Kfq; folirittjr rothf Rank, 

Marrh i. Lady Ann Dawf )n, fitter to the 
K, of Pomfrct. 

3. \Vm 1 h.ockmorton Diomley, Efq; 
Viember for Waiwicklhire. 

Rev. Dr King, cldeft Lefturer at Pinncr'a 


5. Sir Andrew Lawdcr,baTt.-in Scotland, 

6. Sir Kfndrfck Mafon, in S« f«ne*'»-fq, 
10. Sir KcnrckeCl»ytoii,Kfii} member 

Sjr Janief Murray, hart, in Scotl; 

■ A- A^Ma1|;«^rB*lf<)lir9'lfB< 

10.' Sir wtlflam Richaidfofi, Kn 

17. Wm Lord CraVen, of He 
marriial, high ftewtrd of Ncwhery 
without ifliie. 

i8. Mr Darid Barclay, in the 9 
Qf hi* af^e. He w^is the only i'iir\' 
of Mr Robert Barclay, author of th 
apology for the qj^nakers, »nd had i 
]ar honour of reccivrng at his h.jufe I 
^e three fuccetfiTe king«, when at 
c;eflioa:hey farouied ihe city with t 
tl prefence. 

21. Jamea ShCrrard, Efq; in Pi 

22. Right Hon. Mary Bt^rowHs 
relid of the late Lord ArumicU of > 
and mo* her of the pref<?nt. 

14. Rt Hon Jamf« iMwald, or 
majcfty's moft H^n. privy council. 
EccleGaftica) Prefurmonts. 

REV. Dc John Rofa— to the i 
bend in ilie cathedral of Uui 
mom of Dr Law, promoted to the 
rick of Carlillc. . 

Rev. Dr Beikcley— lo the L. < 
bam, Berks. 

Rev, Mr Underwood— to F^ft Bii 
vcc S. CJrov«. 

Rev. Mr Eyre— to Out well, R. 

Rev. Mr Oram -to Bcxwell, R. 

ReT. John Carver'^to the arch 
of SulTord. 

Rev. Krafmus King— to Guitimr, 
Ferm*.amc Chapel, GlouctfteiA 
M* Diik, who rcCgned. 

Hon. and Rev. Geo Hamilioa- 
V. BcrkN ; with Taplow, R. B 

Rev. Mr Jimes Gough— to Wei 
R, Som»;rfi'tlhire. 

The Kcv. Mr Sicphcnfon— to ( 
L. OxfoTdihiio. 

Kev. Mr Snowden— to B.iinfton, 

Rev. liuw. Smii.h— to Hol>fccll, 

Rev. JAroh Lane - toTh.rlrtone, 

R.;v Ml Aviirne— to Bolr.huift, 

Rev. Charle. Morgan— to a Ca 


Civil Promotions. 

WM Chamber*, Efq-, archite 
ma:eft> , i* apjioinced Coi 
GcncKilrf hM m^'cfty* board of 
vicf Henry F'itcroft, tfee. 

Military Tromoiions, 

JOHN Johnfon, Efq;— capt. of 
in (he K. G. wiih rank of lieut. 
lieut.col. Pownal who retire*. Ai 
Charles M'Carcy, Efq;— .lieuteni 
rank of Capi. vice Mr ]ohnft»n. 

Wm Pcarce A'Court— ^captain in 
rei;. ofiuoc. 

B9y(e Roach, Efq^-i^aptaiii in 
re|^ of jypoc. 

nfPriecs c/Stgds iavi ^Jaricd Utde ihU Mcnti •, the ^ayikru^u U ^ 

Gentleman's Magazine'. 

ill !l>-rr 



For APRIL, 1769. 

C O N T A 
tat in Oiiaiuit;anb gieatn JBarwip 

liijri; A(i-BiT«l 

V.tHaie r:piid;>ht cDllfiiti) by hi 

ftBonnt'-fr.elebMteiltflinter*. 1 ;6 
uf fVc 'A i new iiiTCnwii p.iod-miM, 1 ; - 
• hi:iory uf the reign ufl.'h:iil«V. 1^8 
juu ai [lie prcjif)>nf ug caufiu of ilie 

'Hilhe ufiiTCrfil iTi! of inbiKO. ito 
Sir^iuiU of ihucu/ilirc at Knrne.iHi 
'Impj ac iait ef ibi ir,-mlii!iHs ri- 
t Ik- UN Jtit nf.i MiUd i^tii, ■a;iih,t 

s tf ( ■■ f, *'w> ;■"■ «■< "i^'-j* »^' 

epnjct'iiun t;iJiKn:fi:[<f. i)j 

Uio.ol' iIk U. i-t Ij—n, frcm ihe if 

"■•l™ Hi 

JTi J .■i'j.,h; '»■■• "f Bif-vcr. iqiJ 

» ».-0 fr<i idlrcnUitiEiltrjfi. i^fi 
■■n I's t..Ji;2"*«a i,r<ii.l juFjr nf ibe 
-" ■ ' ■ r.:iir. furuiins. 19; 

Jinf :hi- 1,..- 

of (be Et.i In; 



N G, • 
tOan Bup ^ODli of tQt ftinO anti iMct' 

Mcieittoliicicflicciiuiiiodlie wcirher. 

RiviiwofRooi-i.— Tbe School f.>r R'Hc 
'TD.— The Sifter, a comedy, iS— The K»r,; 
Dil&weiy.-Hiftiry &c. i.r an A:om. i^-- 

(injh(,»e tfimi puiHcalhiu ; ■uiiihr'ifj-tt. J'"; 

HiiiiIiiT.— PmhJguc w C«i", finite n by h:. 
, 'predenE msjelly, *h-n 11 ymiih, 107. — 'n 
icripiMn for a (omb for Qwn, ri.— A M"ii>- 
,4 -&»„z;.io Ju«™..-A Sketch for A. U 
i-,fi9, aoS.— French vcrfct iinder 'bo S- '■I 
Denmirk'i pitture, jnniphiifed. '''■ 

Amikican Kfws, Seiefl men'. •dditlT.". i<; 
Gov. Bern«i4 - Himifweis, inc. 



of a new difiyireiKl iflnnd-intlieS. R.-hi 
— Lirlufdiiefiunufihe EaAlmi'^c 
ay.iti.— Cnvomriraddfer».-Ri.'i v. U.nh. 
zti.— Stwbridf^'t fnccrh fo the Firthokkr- 
<if MicWIefei, 1 i^.-Dund Bar . <<v\ r-n-^J- 
nj(,t6. ».— Pa-!i'> letter 10 V. Tri-c 

tbifii, Elqi 114 iir 0«ofH< SsvlIU: "> hi; 

Mnajtnenti, i*.— Rcfoiuiiom of ihJ i'lei. 
b?Men uf Midrilrfex, it. 
Li|ti of Bi:thi, Manugct ind Deaihi ; I'lu- 
miMiont, kc. Etc. 

f.Kthibiiins a cutitK.* new bver.wJ HA':1)- 

fREETH, of Uitminph.m. 

BjSrLFJNUS V S B jf N, Gent. 

]. I.iiT«», at S<. J-jKA (i«t., »tA S .\i>!-\\ 
:t nf St. r»uVi Ch.n:\vXiTft. \\ 

^ 1 •! - .^ 

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7ft/kmans Magazine \ 

APRIL, 1769. 

^U gallant Briton, and }oin 
■othor in wondering that Mr 
in hit Naval HiJItry, fliould 
ted in fo tender • manner tlie 
f thofe perfidioui wretclwj, 
: calU unfiirluaali) who fo bafe- 
•d their admiral and their coun- 
: ai the Biogi aplier givM an ac- 
ix admiral'i family, I was dil'- 
in not feeing Ibme paitieuiart 
■a Mr William Benbow, liii 
tad furviving fon. However, 
.'pnfr>:d over in lilence, I pre- 
ji Mowing to lhi> canfet The 
r ov/ni that he received all hin 
from Mr Cation 1 Now tliere 
am informcdj nut long bct'uve 
Njir died, a midindrrnanJmg 
Mr Callon and him. whitb 
juJin Mr C. aj;.iinll him. To 
fime meiifurt ihii deficitncy, 
• of this letier, who was infi- 
:i)lt3inled with lirii genllenian 

£n. will here attempt an 
lAcr of him. 
illiain Benbow was admitted a 
der Capnin Jiiiiiliigs, Comp- 
the Store-kcefwi* jccuuiitj at 
office, at a liiliry of 50 1, per 
bout the year 1710. But tW 
fcry good cUrk, he could iie- 
jghu' \ for, alat I he lud no 
tary intcrcd, which would hire 
'tighlier plea fur pteferinent 
neiit of (lis brave fatlier, or 
•duAry. Having continued in 
■bout ten 01 twelve years, and 
profpefl of tdvaaceiuettt, he 
in tbeyear 1723. 

An untoward aeiident by which try 
friend wai greatly mortified, wa* tijovgfit 
to have hallcned [his nrfolu'.ioo. He 
wai violently enamoured of a young 
lad^, the daughter uf an eminent htcw- 
cr in Southwark : but w he always pro- 
ceeded according to the llriftell rule»*f 
honour, he thought it the faireft Wfy 
to apply bimlelf in ihe lirft place l« her 
fsiher, and aOc hit ronfeai. lie wnt 
accordinely, and bluntly told him, ||it 
name and buGncri. When tha old tnan 
heard whofe Ton he was, he Jeemed at 
firft to Itflenwith Tome altcntioa ; but 
aiked him, before he could niake any 
propofals, ■ If he had any employment, 
and what}' He replied, he was a clerk 
in the Navy-office. ' At what falaryf 
Fifty pounds a year. ' Fifty f oimib a 
year ! why. Sir, I give my eierkt lar- 
(;cr falaries than that.' And after .tliit 
unlucky confelGon, he was not allowed 
to plead any farther. 

Mr Benbow wai of a llrong athletic 
make, and could handle the ccRus a|. 
mon as dentioiiHy ai F.nteilus. HewM 
alfo a great proficient at cricket. I aw 
not conlidering whether ihefe are accom- 
pliftimenls (tho' they would have bem 
lb accounted among the Ciceks) but 
diawing a true chatter. He abhotrecl 
every thing that was mean and bafe, had 
much uf his father's bold and dauntlef* 
I'firit, and could not be fo fupple u to 
cringe and fawn upon thofe in power { 
but, at the fame lime he was geneioui, 
courteous, andoblipng to his fiiend*.' 
Ha was not addi£lc4 to any vice, had a 
jull fenfe of religion, and gond natit- 
ril pans, not wliully uncultivated by 

Scv^ of his Itticrt, whi'^h ire now 
lying befort me, ftiew lli:it lu «.*i able 
to convene with hii frifndi iDneniai;]]^ 
and politely. Mr Benliow was fond of 
Epitaphs, and had in^do u hrge cuiiec- 
tion of them, both grave and huitiotoua 
with which he uiwl frt^utr,t\T v»>;yK«{r 
h\-i friends. A \inc in Nlu^uh 1 
fhtit jtiit chanAcT 1 

I frtt* 

Sunt bonHf funt giuedtim medwcriaffi^ 
ma/a plura. 

On his leaving the Navy-otHce, he 
retwueil into the country, and lived for 
fome )C?.is with his brother-in-law, Mr 
Calton, at Milton, near Abingdon % 
But on fome difguft, (by what occafi* 
oned I know not) he lift him, came up 
to Lond n, and took lodgings in the 
city 'y ^^'h'je, not long after, viz. in the 
beginning of April, 1729, he wat feiz- 
ed witn a violent fever, which carried 
liini off in a few days. He was buried 
rear kis mother, in Depiford chuich. 
pying without -^ wil!, his eftatr devoi- 
\'ed to his (If)er, Mrs Calton, and to a 
inccc. J mud b«.g leave to add, that 
the biogra)iher, I appiehrnd, has been 
Diinnfornu'd as to the ncturc and dcfign 
ti ihe m^inufciipt itft by Mr John Ben- 
l-.o^v, the Admit al's eldelt f. n. Mr 
William Senbow read it over to me, in 
the ^ear 1713, Eftcr his brother's death : 
and, to the belt of my remembrance, it 
wa^ only a journal, like t'.ofc kept by 
evey iea-oUKCt*. The inoJi curious and 
iniei«i{ing part of it, was that in which 
)ic i^^jvc an account of the ciew of the 
De^ave K7ilbl.idi.imai», to which he be- 
loii^)^cd, leizing, after their iliipwrcck, 
a biiiLk king, lu's quten,and Ibti, in 
Mudsgal'v-ar, and matching with them 
over pail of the illand, and of hts ef- 
capir.kc from his companions to Port 
Dau;>hir.e, witli two or three officers 
mote, after the infatuated people had 
si<j['ttd to give up their royal prifoners, 
and alfo to liTrrenvier their arms, trufting 
entlieiy to the g.ood f.iith of rhcfe fa- 
va«;'wS, which (as Mr Be^ihow f.jielhw) 
was followed by tie mnflicie of the 
whole compiiny, except four boys. 

In the year 1714, the houfe in which 
Mr Ilenbow lodgrd, near Aldgtnc, was 
by aLtirk^ni burnt. The fiie'hioke out 
at mi(ini}:ht, and he had only time to 
iave himfcif, but loft his clovths, books, 
uird papers, and among them this jour- 
nal : Bot the lofs i-f it u the Itfs to be 
l\'gieit;,d, as Robin Drury, (one of the 
bj*)s whofc life was f^iartd, and who 
liv^d fifteen ycvs in Mndagalcar) at Lift 
c^rfiC (vur (o England, and has gtvin a 
p^rjiruixr recount o^ this whole atfiir, 
111 )\U jourii.)), entitltd Mada^afenr^ 
printed for W. Meadows in Ccrrhi<i, 
1 9 19* Mr Benbow> n^irraiive (to thofe 
who have ie;id it) is a ftrong coi:fiima- 
tionof the truth of this jwutTtai, vviih 
wiuch (.19 far as it went) it rx-.^^ly 

. Kobin Drury, among thcfc who knpw 
bini, (ajHi /ir was xnowa-(o many, be> 

itig a poftcr n tfce Baft MdTa Htfufe) 
had the chani£ler of a downi^ghf hoheft' 
man, without any appearance of fraud 
or intpolture. He was known to a fi iend 
of mine, (now living) who frcqtirntly 
called upon him at his hiiufc in Lfncolln's 
Inn Fields, which wt»e not fhen tucld- 
fed. He tells mc, he has oft eh leerf^Yini 
throw a javtlin there, and ft r ike a fmaH 
mark at a l*ui7)rizing dittaaicc. 

It fs a pity ih« this work of Drnry^t 
is nrtt more known, and a new edition 
publifhed, (it hjvirvg been long out of 
print,) as it contaim a much mot^ par- 
ticular and auihcKiic account of that 
lur^'e and baj barons ifland than any yit 
given, and (though it w tnie) is in ma- 
ny lefpeiSls as entertaioiiig as Gulliver 
or Crufoe. 

As Mr W. Benbow ihcvu^ his bro- 
ther's journal to moft of his friends, 
fomc of them may peihaps reeolle^ 
more particulars than I can. - Mr Cal- 
ton, 1 am apt to think, never fawir. 

/ am, Sir, Tours, &c. W. D. 

P. S. Atnong the Epitaphs coilefted 
by Mr \V. Benbow, were thefoJowaig; 

/« obitkM dotiilf'mi Jutfcnh Gmalteri 
Doiyn, Coll. txon, Scbciar'u r/> ^orif. 
Oh, zoltb, 1603, /Etat, aOk 
Qni Iftci, ha«, hi^;e • qui«^ fuiu hit^da^ 
lr;^e-.da ; ' 

£n caicas, Mufa: qu'd cofucrc, raput : 
H(K, qu'^ habe*, bainiii ; qut<d iiabei^ ciio 
t'orfin hHbobis ; hincdifcu, ocn cnoriendo, inori ! 

On W. l9<wndes, Efq\ Secretary to the 
Trcafury in S^een Anne^s Retgv, * 
No w.JytQT W.CJKS, 3s;aii;ft the tjMiu Deaji 
Could raife jufpfits 10 nld l\,\fki.Jo\ S.tutb. 
O lA>wndes ! it is ftnt^ni^ fam r»r U(e, 
I\:ich Uramk of n^rure mutt fu^mit to fa' e ; 
Ktch meUiher of that huuic where ilmu didft 

In «nt on citJit^ wiih thy hilt in hand. 
Shall equally this intpJitioH bv-u. 
And in hit turn be found «^/n. itiu hcfe* : 
Buc iruft in heavn, wheicjf«rpi-^i of joy,. 
And erdlcfs produce , vtill A\ cares d«ilt»ov ; 
And Qiay'fl thou there, wlun ihy ncouhit 

ire paft. 
Gain a quittus which (hall evsi Uft! 

Mr Urban, 

AS the ft ate of Tlnly, aniT llie clia- 
raiter and manners of it> inhabi- 
tants have been of late much rhe fiibje^s 
of convcrfition, and as the opuiion of 
the puWick is in a manner lufpeiided by 
the controveriy between Mr Sharp axxl 
Mr Barctti, (fee Vol. xjtxvii;. p. 3,^;) 
gfve tnfe Icafvc to rcptut the itJhtuiients of 
aiwyiher writer ^ new evidence thuA pre- 

Shv^j ,Mui$»t'tf iht Mtmart «/.Cta1f fn^mtd. t-ji 

p«>t)a«*tw urn] Vi lem'Jtc dmte, 
idljtt the dii^KuTiuaue cuqwier <)B liii At- 

' Abuoii uJuA-nowpublilhcd at Pui* 
Id cij^lti vo'itunt-^', un^ tlie tilie of tvf- 

Ke J'Ka -trenctij en Jl^ia, i*ut Jtim 
tmati i7«5, 1766. Tlic tntdH of 
k (tmchman rhcmigh h^y in the yisxt 

I'he |<rliK:fal artidct in which hlr 
Shup has bt^a ceniujcd by B^ireUt, uiv 

the fpcatdl ci renin IpEttieii; tticy MW 
lulTetid to Ifcitk to nubiKh-, and an en'a 
inut up in a convent tiU tlKy iiv on th« 
.point of hein^ mnrrinl ; ai loon u they 
aic ntg:i^d, ttiev are pimiitted m con- 
\erfe wilii their futnic hunmid, and he 
i* i^oc permttt'd to ronverTe with sny 
oilwr ImIv in whalevsr company they 
h»)r,ien to bv. But the momrnt thev 
aix uumc.l, ihc ciife ii intirciv alleinf ; 
tor then they can never f(«ak to each Oi 
ther in public without the gmtdt bitach 

.. The tivquenq' of inunkri in Iia- of pclicnicr* and good liicptling. 
ly i tbe IlJittuary sdbrdeil to mur.lH-on 3. The jealouiy of the Itxliant is ftill 

ill ctiui-clwi i ihc unwiiliif aoliof bye- nlktfdof inFnnct, huinodiing haabem 
Sandci'F to Miit a ■nunicni'i and the Jixn of it in Italy Wnianyyeim. The 
hmpuiiity, cit flif ht ^uiiifhitwnt of thtni ii|e of Cicrlbnit pr-.-vaili imiverftlly 
2t Konw!, and in almuft erery othtr p;ut 
of Itily. No laiiy npjK-an in comjKinj 
v:i^vt iCaVttlifrt Sfri-mU, ■who'givtt 
her hi) hind, 3nJ (hey ^r.ei-ally corne to- 
gether to ill aJIeinlitici ; he i» oblignl tV 
attend hii lady cnriy in the nionitnft, h* 

«ho, Mr Shi'jplay:^, ail: generally plac- 
ed in convents, wlii^ tltcy ranaiii till 
(licy maiiy. Ai^d, 

. The affair ot the Cecifbeo*. 

[a ail tlielc, parucniaily, be has btrn liayi it 

cktrgcd by Mi 'Bareili with facanng falli! 
wLt]M.ri ajpiiilt lii^ Gountiymcn, ^ct in 
£1 ^cfe iKMt'.cvil^in, bi'i ii.'Bim<.'ny u 
loppcrtcd ty ihst of the Ficnch Inmel- 
tet, ai will appeal' by the following (juo- 
tation*, which 1 have marked withniiin- 
}Kti, contfpuoding with tl.ofc above. 

I. In Itiily, if a pafleiigcr feu the 
ind body ol a man ibat hu been mur- 
aatd, in his way, be paffit it without 
any cone. in. Tlic mst-illnte raulvi tiie 
bot!y to \x icmovtd, and no farther no- 
t'ce'ii taken ui the matter. If two man 
^uaiiei, and are Iren fttiLitinK with 

■ntichimher till the can b« 

I, he then waitt upon her at her toile^ 
be condu^ her to MaTi, and entcitaint 
hvr, or ivaket her a patty rill dinncri 
he iTtiimi ^>on afterwn^i, wait* aaailt 
lit her tiiilct, condufli her to herappomt- 
nieni, and from thence to ftippi; . 

'I'he Lalins at Venice nre little aparT> 
mtni* rcitnd Pi Mark'* phce ; the mif- 
[cr of a C.iiin fupt theie every night whli 
the hdy that he lervci i he there reccivct 
his particulu' fi-iend*. and theic thev ve- 
ly frequently fpcnd great part et the 

.,___ , . ,. .. Thm far the acmiint of thin triveiler 

knivtii or any other diaiitly inltiHUimt, conlinm that <'f MrShilip; bm thongh 

..> U<<!y conmiiB blinli'if Mbnut it. A he eontrrma all the ft^* related by Mr 
Sharpof tiie Cecilbco*, h•^ I'eemtco thinh 
there it no danger in tir prafHer ; that 
a Cecilbco and bi5 lidv are Ibut up in 
in acaitfnent by thnnfelun at Venice, 
.tliowed by ihii author, biit at London 

lohs were found murdered inK'Huc, and 
Ave of tlian were iu the liiu u'e caiieil 
la t'iaii J'S/'faaat. Tlw pi-itiiegei 
•nd immunitiei \ cited in thnrrlie*, grcai- 

1) ibtitrihiite to tliii uiuniiiiy, ^ we he fayi, the very li«]' . 

hare Ur<.rereinarfctd. Iha\cb«ntold piivate a* a calin, having fliuttert of 
ty a pcrli?n tf great rtnk and authority wood, which wiiolly pnvent ihofe wtthhi 

(j«rj>VWfl(A/»t.««/niK) that ihirsi 
Tliy ficijuenlly during the coiirle of one 
\w*T, not lefi tban two tltf.uiiind niur- 
(lei-s cijniiiitled in tbe ecclerinliicai lUic, 
}Ctcuui^ )iuailhinn:t« arc li;arci. crer 
leen thoe. 

-- Vhi:eTtr nuinl^r of daughters 
there h 'f|<(ii« to be in a f.inijy, it 
ix vtry laiL that mure than one of 
tAetn u muriedi^ the rill are all Oiut 

M aye, and nothing i» iLt't l« their 
cttotcc aiteiwar's, but amnng what 10- 
dny they will taki' the veil. At ^lo- 
Mcc, thii yiMig iadiet are naUfMj wit^ 

being leen ty tho!'e vithmit, yet eenlurci a jreiitleman and lady 
for tjeing togellier m a hacknr)- roach ; 
■nd tliougli an Cavaltcre ^iereente 
ii ciinlinually wiih the lady that haieh»- 
fm him, rt docs net fo'loiv th^i there are 
criminal lamdaiitit'. [>M"'een them, any 
man tban between brother. an<I fider*, 
father* and diu<;litrr«, in iltt fam; fami- 
ly ; a Cecilbeu and hia Lady in Itatv re- 
prd each othtr Jul) ai a hroth-r in'd lif- 
ter do m England, in ean!e<iiience of 
the fame furce uf hiibii. 

All th>s howertr, \% TtrMtet o^ o^- 
nioM,thtfii&aaRtratcif cprf!t.'.QTM, t^e^ 

• 74r StrangcV /Jowrfcw tbi dnAinn Pahrh^f. 

this wrJicr -^knowledges, that there arr 
(4ici{l)«xij; of love at vruii as of conrcni- 
cncct but he iays, they arc e:ili!y ti-Aivn- 
guiiUed from each otiitr. A womany 
lu Jtniy, fiys he, notwit!ilLm<1ing her 
foihlc;;, always prcieiTCf her novrer ; if 
(\\t [^ iiir|jlc4iedy Ihe tiifmiircs die oifiendcr 
pcenoptoniyy and at once; no right 
which lie may fuppofe himlelf to have 
acquLnd, will llaud hiin in any ftcad } 
and if biC ihould prcfuine upon any fuch 
ri;^bt, he will get nothing by his indif- 
ci cLion but the Itilictto of a happy rival 
in iiisU/Mii. If it is not pdCnbic,. fays 
thi^^viIiwL> for a Wi.m:;n to cai:tivaie her 
huQ/^nd, iiisbiUtrr fhefliould taj^c a fe. 
cund th-'^n a J](n'(.lh ; not, howcvtr, thitX 
pi'CLcnd to juitify this inv?uiariiy. 

It isrcuiui-kaUc liiat this author, tho* 
he ^ccjF.nns all that his drawn Baretti*8 
ce^tu'cs u^n jvir Sharp, ecchoes thole 
reiy cLx^fiucs, and iiiys that Mr Sharp's 
Account of Italy is lii.ed with inaccu- 
racy snd ilUhumour i 'i'his can be ac- 
co^jiuul A'u: only by fuppofing him to 
have Ipoked negligently into Baretti't 
books, and cutched up uiiConne^ed Icrapt 
in haile; for if he had read Barctti 
through, he would have f..und that his 
cenfures wcie cither fHtle againlt Mr 
Sharj), PT. ti uc againll hiir.lilf . Of Ba- 
rcUi, imU^ci, Ive fetms (o know but lit> 
tie i he iuppofes the author of the ac- 
count oC Italy, nnd of ilie trujira Li- 
Urarm to he two diifcixT.t nirn. The 
auti.ur 01 the Accoui.i ol li.Jy hetakvs 
for a pcribn of tigurc in London ; and 
theaudior of die riutlia \i^ calls Cf»un» 
Joici-li ij;iivtii, mid fiy<), that the fa tire 
in taut juii.n:il >*'a5 lb Kroiirr, ib fi-ee, 
an.l lb biit(.r, that the work was i'tipinvf- 
i(.d» r.nd the author driven out of Venice. 

Y\\t(:: paiticulai'^, Mr Urban, will, 1 
hope, ntfoi'd tome entcrtatnint.nt to your 
reada'^:, and be an advance at Icjit of 
one ft p towards truth and ccitainty iri 
s V'71-)' curious aud important point of 
•noden: hiilor}'. 

/ am, Sir, 7 ours f ^r. 

T. B, 


AT A t^uic \vhen an academy is jiift 
eliabliihed undeiioyui patronage, 
fwr the fiudy ar.d improvement of paint- 
ing and. icuipiiiie, and thcartcrntion of 
the public turned to the I'ubje^l as well 
on ihU account, a& on account of feve- 
ral cxhtbiiions of paint in g, which are 
now ai)out to be opened in this city, it 
caniioL but he agreeable to many of 
yotir rea,(lu:s to )xjlv^ fome account of a 
sQ.'k^luJt . thut. has beru made with 

great judgement and conH'lerafA^ cx- 
pv-ncc, ol- the works of fonfie of the 
pnncifiaj foreign mafters, and of the 
reroaiks of an artift of acknowledged 
abilities upon them and their works. 

Mr Stiangfp well known by the fine 
piincs ihar have been publiflied. front 
his drawings after fome of the firft 
maliers o^ the art, has brought over « 
colleftion of paintings fcleftcd from th« 
Koman, Florentine, Lombard, Vcne- 
tian, Neapolitan, Flemi/h, French, and 
Spanifli Ichools ; a defcriptive catalogue 
of which, he has juft publifheJ with 
remarks, and his added a catalunue of 
31 drawing! from capital paintings, 
coilecUd and drawn during ajouuiey 
of ll'veral years in luly. 

The col left ion is to be fccn at the 
new room, the upper end of St Manin'i 
JLane $ and he hopes that the obferva- 
tions which he has offered to the publick 
when ill nitrated by the pittures them- 
felves, will improve our tafte for the 
workx of luly. 

He lays down a pofirion, however^ 
which, wiilibut proper rcltritlions, fccmt, 
to have a direct tendency to prevent, at' 
Icalt to limit improvement aiiioo^ ui> ^ he? 
fays •• that it iv 9n!y by fttidymg and 
meditating upon the works of li.dtan 
Mafters thit wc can form a true r?lle." 
Ji may furcl) be alked, how thtfc Ita- 
li.ins formed a true raftcj if wc can 
form a true tafteonly by Itudying, 
either ihcy had a power of ac^uiiiii^ 
true taltc which we have not, or there 
were other maltcrs, by ftudying anct. 
meditating upon whom, they acquired' 
the talt^j which we arc urged to dciive. . 
from them. Wc fh:ill fcarcc be dirjiof-* 
cd to admit the firft poJition, and die" 
Iccond implies a minifctt abJiirdlty, that, 
excellence m painting could not be ac- 
quired till it had been accjuiicd already. 
The following account of Ibmc of 
the mailers, whoii- pffturcs Mr Strange 
has brought over, is extraded in hit. 
own word^, and ail, whofe curiollty 
prompts ihsm to fee his collection, may 
judge how far his cliaraders and dc- 
fcriptions are juft. 

at Bologna in 1560, died at Rome in 

The fpirit and genius of painting 
was aimolt ready to expire in italy. 
when this great arilt nppearrd, who haa 
the merit, in conjinclion with his cou- ' 
fin Ludovico, and his brother Agutlino, 
to reltore it again with frfelh vigour. ' 
He admtKd and ftudied the works of 
the incompuable Corrtggioi nor did' 


StruigeV RnMfki ok the Italiari Paintiri. 

but they 

hemiiurc.iqore to aDimui hU Beniu, ' 
aaiito haftcit ttim in the purfnit iu which 
he wu cDKigeil. He loiacd to thii 
ftudy. the knawleJge of nuun, of 
whicli }ie .never iait light, not even 
whpR Ujuiriiluiled to Xomei where 
duiiail witli (he bc^iitiee of the an- 
tiqut, be mide frelh and fuceeAfnl tf< 
font to apptopriaie them to hit own 
purporc*. Froin hcnccfprung the call' 


re, however, not left f«luc- 
tity anil lowing jtendl, an 
iiiiion and harmony of coloim, ptcu- ' 
liarlo himfdf, a perfcft in(c|[iR*nceof 
light and (hade, inuducetl hy latge and 
bioad nufTci, five an iiltoniihing relief 
to all the piAurn lie hai painted. The 
warltiuf ihii dicine painter cannot be 
loo mud) lludicd. Tii« Caiacci were 
r^nriblc of it, and reaped canr.ilerable 

fiderabJe quantity of fina thingi wliicb advantages From ihern. Whoerrr, fm 
I.. i..(i u.i.._j !.:_ . TU^ L.__ .ir,.^^ (dti, (iimplc, will rtflefl- on them wu™ 
attention, m»y be Hire of »e qui ring the 
nioft important priiinpleinf their art. 


nonly called DOMENICHINO. Bom 

in fiologna i;8i,died at Naplfn 1641. 

He wai borti with a docility of tcm- 

ly called, COKREGGJO. Bora at per, and fulidiiy of jiidgement; hat iti ^ 

he tufi behind him 1 They haTcalTured 
ta thiir author the title of one of the 
maft learned deCgner* .which ever ap- 
peared j but this ii not enough to hit 
praiic; be ought liJcewilc to be dUeiued 
at AM of the ereateft comporcn. 

ip^arahee he was rather Hoi 
prehenlion. It wai long befarrtheleatt 
hopei could be formed of llilj great ar- ' 
till. Aimibale Ciirracei only, under 
whutn lie at length (ludiiid, knew how ' 
to diltinguiOi the liktden i:ilrnTs ol 3 ' 
rchohiT evei litletiing to the voice of id- 
ftrufiion, ind whom a iahuiium and 

Cotizggio, i494.r and there di 

It happened, that after many jgci 
HOed in i^orancc, niture, weary of 
■er bondage, and willing to rtpair her 
loflei, by readeritig to the aiti their ori- 
^lial luftre, drew tbein from that obfcU' 
nty iiitfi which the barbafifin of the 
timet had plunged them. There ap- 
. pcared one of thal« rate and happy painful applicntion iifver ilii'coi 
gtltiulei, who, guided by inllinfl ftlone. Time (bon dil'covcred in thi« 
and' without any aflillance from thofe painter, jeaioui of his rc^intatit 
»btf ba4 gone before liim, planned out capable of exoriRiii^ in the ch: 
new trafla in fcicnce, and became the and the motivii of hit Ii <<iiet, ti 
■diDtratian of hi* cotemporariti ; leav- 
ing bebind him oUi^ilt worrhy the imj- 
Uitoit «f hii fucceffors. Such waiCor- 
ittX>Oi who, boin in a little village, 
wMTe perhapi no painter haJ ever exift- 
ed, and at a critical period, even in the 
daivn of the trH, difFufrd ■ glorious 
1^1 over painting ; which did at that 
" ' '"■ intfllill 

difficult ti 

le ptfUai 

It noihinv 

he f: iw 

lime afionifl), : 

priie the fptftator. He at once baniOi- 
ed thai llerility of talte, which duting 
fo long a time had disfigured the art uF 
piintine i and, taking a fudden and 
ra[nil flight, he railed himfelf tu tlie 
fabKme. He faw every thing great : 
lie £d'nsl introduce into the geneialily 
•f bit coinpoiitiont, a inullilude of A- 
guTM } but only fuch » were ufcfiil 
and employed. He gave them new mv- 
liont, he added 10 tlieir ouliinei certain 
foinis, which perhaps are not always 
ftriSly agreeable 10 the cliaSe ruies 
«f dehgn i but they have, however, then 
captivating allurements. What the 
poet laid niay be here applied ; 
Me fandi'd a gia^ beyuad ihe nlea of art. 
The agreeibic foiile, and ihofc amiable 
gracei, which ever altcDded his ideii, 
and which be dialed with fuch profii. 

ihit pure li:iiplicily which lielon?^ tu 
her. AJ)rorb«.'J in the mult protou^nl 
muliliition, he iici-er bes3ii a 'jvink (ill 
hit ideas were th< rcughly di^^rft-d. IF 
he ludaiiy f -itiiig, it w> ut Wing 
too fi:<iif»l <.( liimflF, and .liHi ulkt'ul 
of the threat abilities he polTcircd. 

Naplei 1631, died in ihef.irif fit)' 1 735- 

We may lay with pn>;irreiy of tint 
paintiT, that hi was a rial PioI^hi. 
Theie i) (cjixca in ' ' ' 

1 R,<,i„ V 

1 hi.nk-.f. 

Timoreit, whole 

tattd even to decepti'iti ; at aimilser, 
we fancy we lee the i>i£turti of Picnu 
di CoricDi. So pcil^aiy .lid lie tnnf- 
fomi liimielF into the Rili: of B^Ain*, 
that it is even dri1i<-u]i t'H the molt ju- 
dicious connoiiTeucs :o itcfcuil them- 
felve* againU the illii6or. He I'eiied 
and reuined tlif: id;tii of •h-iCi, md ii.i- 
ny other mittcrt, wt:h s li Itlirv t:nr 1. 
without example. Howet-r, i' v.-i.^ 
hi( ihaiiilers, way bt perfans *« injuriooi toUisretmtavo'nxmT 

axedwJthbein£f«mriurfi/Dii3lurv; he .'blely amnlbvn.Xri'.: 



Strange'i Remarks 9n the Imiiaii PainUvfs. 

and the like deceptions ; they, were 
the fubjc£ls of liis nmiireinenc : he 
knew betwr how to fill uji \\\% tinir ; 
aad the prodigioui qiiaotitv of impor- 
tant compofitiona with rvtiich. he iilicd 
Italy and Spun, are evident proofe of 
his abilitiet. The tiding of the Ki- 
cardi palace at- Florence, W an adnHrahle^ 
invention. >le pcfllfleJ I'uch a ficiiity 
of pencil, rhnt the coloun, fcarce hid 
vpon the canvas, produced as of them- 
fJves their proper efTirAc. No iboner 
were his fubje^s conceived, than his 
pidnreR were finifhe J $ and ii was owing 
to that extream promptitude thit he got 
the name of Luca fa Pitfto, which he 
cvec afterwards retained. 

BIERI, commonly called GUEKCI- 
NO. Born at Cento 1590, died in thtt 
iame city 1666. 

It is evident that this artifi; was horn 
with uncommon talents for painting; 
for without havirg ever left the little 
city which gave him birth, and where 
there was never any p*intcr of repiita- 
tidn, on h:\ving only fecn and tin died 
an excellent piclure of LuJovico Car- 
racci, he m.ide fuch ra;>id pro<Mer« in 
the art to which he hnddevotcii himiLIf, 
that on his airival at Colognj, a.-; y..i a 
youth, he aftonifheJ tho'e who %nere 
witnrflcs of Iiis iirll clfi).';. Having 
never had nn opportunity of a«iopiiiig 
any particular m;inncr, he acquired oiil* 
which was mnc'i luitcu to liis gcniui;, 
and which, l:v iho ':ic!it nj.:iiV:T ct iiulii 
and fliade, ai.d l!ickno\v!Loi;c lie 
cd to in colciiiinrj, pioilurui uk:. rs 1)1,11 
were cxircanily cnfitivr'i::^^;. AliicJi of 
his life was fpcnt i;i lii; piuf;-(ru>ii ; tc-r 
*hewas employ cif'in :i puniii;!. us jiuuj- 
ber of piilures in o!!, Ik tli tor ;iit.;r- 
piece<i, :ii!d fiicli a» weic intt-n Iw(i to 
adorn ihc cnbimts of ilie *M«;r: with- 
nut, however, icilvc^lint'; tin: ficlco rinil 
grai;d con-poiitions weitvct inoic fiMf- 
abU to his veniu*; ; Iii.h, for cxamiilc, 
ns he painted in the d«>wic of ihc ciit'ur.- 
dral church of rinceri/n, or ih".? won- 
derful ci'-lini'. of t'l*: Auioia, v. i-,i:Ii we 
admire at Rome \:\ ihc viili Lvid^'.iii. — 
Thc/c ait two miftLf p'vv^-s wi.icti can 
never bf fufK-iitntly cxtoll.d. 

GUIDO KIINI. S«ri at BoWna 
1575, died in ihc fnniccity 1642. 

It is not {.i;cu;;h to ilie f-raife of this 
great ariift r.» uivchlin thv. title of pain- 
ter of thegja'.e^j to \\v\\ up his cha- 
ri^rr, and icmki him the julrice he 
unqucilioDcibiy dcfwito, it may be laid, 
thit witii rcgtid 10 fiii4nicr<i of pciuil, 

elegance m€ outline, nchnef* of drayMP- 
ries, knowledge, of compofiiton, and 
above ail, hi a iciea of grace and lieauty, 
few painters h-<vc been coinpiriA>Ie to 
him. He had two manners muc^ op- 
j>oled to c;ich 01 her : one wa« dur-k ind 
inclining to Michael Angelo Cauav^'i;- 
gio, which at thifr time, was in vo^uc ; 
the other wan entirely cleir, more vagtie, 
and carried hijn iomct Lines to a contrary 
excels. But when he oblerved the ire- 
dimn, and painted fuch pi^uresi as the 
rape of Deianira, in the collcwlion ot 
tlie king ot France, and the St Peter 
and St Paul, in the Sampieri p:iLice at 
Bolo|jrna, he is then not only lupciior to 
himfelf, but he equals even tbegieattil 

Naples 1615, died at Rome 1673. 

It may be attributed rather to a de- 
gree of vanity that Salvator Ri fa ima- 
^ned his fuKill piduies, reprelienting 
landfc.ipes andi'ea-pieceft, were not wor- 
thy of his ()encii ; and that his latgc hif- 
torical conipofitions alone would irauf- 
niit hit name to poft lity as a great 
painter. But the public, who are /eU 
dom deceived in their judoemetif, did 
not adopt thift way of thinking; they 
ecjiially admired evci^ thii^g which caiiic 
fioin the hp.nds of this gr^at artlft: tliey 
render jnliice to hi» laige coinpofition^, 
wnich art in general woiidci fully exe- 
cuted, an<! with a fpirit and t re dom of 
pi-ncil peculiar ro himiclf. His Onallcr 
piiSluie.; arc, not with re:ii'^n, Icfs admir- 
ed; wln»r*. vvi* meet wiih iit»nre» which 
are touched with all iuiaginnbie ipiric 
and air, ar«d hccomL* thepiincipal oinsi^ 
ntciu of lii** JHiidrcapes. Sometiiuea 
thi; pairfrr ri'piednts a (hore, covered 
with vcjrvk of vaiious kind<t, and dif-4 
fere ntry employed. Sometimes we ineee 
wi;h immcn;e nicks heaped OQ each 
o'hcr, intti'fpcrfcd with branches of tiees, 
and thew!)ole wafhed with a fei, alicr- 
iiaifiy calm and temi>e(hious. At ether 
tines the Icene changes to a ilelsrt 
couiury, in a winn climate, which is 
ex^»<>:'c'fl to the Ix'ams of a burning fun ; 
it ioi h.-ie we generally meet with old 
t' i.r.ks of nte», and torrents of -jvater of 
a von-'vi tul tianfpRi-ency. 'J'hcle fcenes 
art, for ihe nioli: p-irt, enriched within 
f^irltrtl fu;v!t.s ; and the whoic executed 
with tiiiifiar.d fie(xi. m ; and, at th« 
I'ame tHnv, with on intelligence which it 
bcyor.d dclcription. 

N<» deftription of the pi6^ure« U ca- 
tra^bed, as to thofe who tee tb«m a €i#* 
fctipticn is unneceil'ary* 

.'X*n:tf*\ f*:-^ii . ' • •:■ iVi ly^fi. :>^ 

.' \ 

i[',m>*:.'],*f;f»n/. "c- is?!*^'-"?!!.- .-■■sW -; •. .-..■^-ivl.-r • ■ •_• -. . '* *- 

i« |r../n? -..JT-T ^ : .»*?« .(' • •i -. fi ■., ;"„."^' / ■ ■ : - :• ".c ■ • 

j|i^ ■ijni.,'-:-' ■ --:*'"*l€1'. 

I - 


it"-* r » ;:- . ;■'! f • •■ • «?..-?.■' 

» . • 
firr .• . 

,h ■ ■.. 

*!.«^ " 

:tic ■ 

If ^:.- 

MTil^ - 

SiD r; ■. 

« - " ■ » 


. t ■ I • -. ••.' ■ •■ * 

♦. 1 . • 

• , . • ' • I t 

. . *• 

.1. Pi 1 • ^ • * 

. • -k " • ": ' •■ • - 

.» - ' • • ■ ' 


• .\ . 

1j K « ■ 1 

■ f • / 

.;*" .' ' 

• ' . ? . I ■' 

f • 

-^11 nil/,./ />u S iumif I , , Siuiipfoii Fif elh «/ /iinm'ito/unu. 

Iv the gr«a, tr 

Arcvnt vf Dr Rpbtnfbn'j Hifiefy of Chilri»; 

i ^efiriftiui tf tit lUmi Gtrm-iati, ".i. f.^.l. . <l..™.i.-.. :. 1... 

it Birmiaftam i Jer 'tuLul llity havi 
*ttaiittda tttyai FMeil. 

. JL ui( »f ihc (unag* B \ iliit axis 
pfcre* in l«» ftronj iron tii;nps C C, 
Wiuta fcgr f«na pin* arc Icicncd to il^e 
poAoQ which (tw mill i> Itinl. On 
•he Mtitr eKcreinitjr of ihU axit iben 
UaA; wlinl, D. N*ki ro rti* winJ- 
MM, Mithe Umc axil, it tiK.d a coge 
uhMl, E. wbich inurci iha Idrger wl^cT 
i* t tbii wlietJ P, ii feicd i^ih« xxif 
of a roticr, which movo in ihe l<ox G, 
At U U, iHim (Ik tvo extrcniilin of 
i*« ratter^ ucii nfi, it it «ncor(ipa(M 
•Mb hnr*, which <> Jel Into iha Ut 
Wi*l^, fc(«pinf> The boi O cloli;. Gti 
MWcnd ut ihii ixit >i pUied titc >«gH. 
tui^ ftww (lin 1 , wiiiil, H to »it upoii 
Itae center at the i^lcti »i.j>, looi^kr 
» nuivt rilhti highei or lower. The 
toUcr, ai wtii u the box GJn which 
•tlnrai round, ire hath mule a liitle 
war, and fall of line ttith, which in- 
kUt&M fiiKo^ls from the ruiiller ibihe 
talger end. Theft teeth firft break, 
-tkn cmOi the urn, either into fine or 
Cforbiueal, icconling at the rcgulat- 
lagicccw pin i> let. One man may 
■mtk. \hi* mill with great Wli, and it 
Mtkwfcs the meal ariihciut h'^ating, or * 
^legging at the fpoul IC. 

with iel« lariinon ifaan coiiM have b^i"^ 

•Xfefltd. The cv(j>f» wlii^ " 

tliui hipptod, hnn ftill iiiflutn,:e, Uiit' 

tht: iieliiical prlnupct ihe.i HIabliftiedi 

ftiil opijwr. The coonciit of all Eit. 

ro(if are regulaisd hii Ulc idea* of * 

biil.iiK« of porter, wKidi were then ip- 

liv^aVfltt or rtndered general. Ft* 

tUl nHon Dr RuKrllbn imderrook Cd 

*»rtE the liifloigF of Ch:irles the Vtjt; 

ilbn he hit recorfieJ oa- 

anfaflions of his reign, 

■hich weie univernj and 


A» [he rtaitm of fncli a hiftorv 
would linJlilllt inflniaioi. without romi 
information concerning ilje (fats of Eu- 
rop« fffvioM to (till peiiod, he his, in 
the (iiK lolaine of his wnrk, traced i^ 
^'i* j^' ST"^"'")' impiovcj the p^. 

Hb Hpfory »/ (Jf ReigM b/' ri» £mfur,r 
CHAIII.ES iht VlIi. S^ Wlljiam 

Soberifoo, D.'D. im ttrrt relmti 

TVR. Roberifofi, whofe abilitiet arf 
X^ fiiWdeitily known by UU Hiiio.f 
01 Scotland, obreives in Im preface, 
ifcat the univellal progrcri of 'ciciice 
dlBting the two laif c^niuriei, hua fiHcd 
KuFopa withfuch a niultiplicit}' of hif* 

^.twiet, and fucti vaft callra>eni of hillo- 
' ttcal maieiiaU, that human life k too 
n, not only for the fitidy, but for 
perufal of them j andiheicforF ilial 
ilwAMuId remain fatiifitd with a gtnerai 
.linowledge of diftant cvenis, and exa- 
tme minutely thafe vf ihal periixl 
.9RiTi m which ihe.ftatn of Europe 
.kmsg become iatimatcly connefteJ, 
ffec openliona of one power Tnllucnctiil 
tbc couiilelt, anil regulated the meaJuret 

T5he reign of Charle* the Vth wjs 

toch a period, during his admin iftratian 

the jfowTta of Europe wtte furmed into 

«M gnat pdIIiicaI fyftcm, in whicb 

, imm. M^ ,4lfrif i7<9-) 

liticil ifale of Europe, horn tbc fobvnr.. 
fill) of llie Roman empire to the be£itl->'V 
fling of the lilheentUrj-. * T| 

la thi* pan of his w<i(k he was leiS . 
into. feVerd critical difqullliitin*, wbicn'J 
liE hat pliccd to|[eth^ at the end of «ti S 
ilodcr theiiljc of prooft ;ind itluAiad- T 
CDS. He hat pointed oUt the Tourcea 'l 
from wtiieft he derived infonnation, anj ' 1 
cited tbiwiiurt on wliafe auihoiily hi' , 
hat rdifj; _ J 

K* axt, howetel', aii-ea no account 
ef thS cbnqiieit of ivfexitg and P.iu, f 
t>ccsufc be found tht iiihjift to multi- '• 
fjiious and important, that a fujifrfitial 
view of it cbnU give but little (nliifa^ 
tion, and a fuli dilcuUion wo^d pf»l 
duce an t[Ii/ode ilirpiopoiiionaie to t%i 
piincipil woik. Re prnpofcs to un* 
dertake it in a Hpii^ite bJibrv. 

«eiiher 1: l^ he Itejttd the .DcicAf 

hwiand (iiii-mt of GieM Stitain to 
fully at thoi;- of other natluns becaiitf 
liT fniijioftd iht tiircipnl iafti reliti^ 

10 [hegowiiinnriil .ind miniieis of ihu 

(oiintry to (>e known to its mhibitimt,' . 

fui-whom he vvriifi. 

It eann* t b. cxpei*cd, that of thia 
liiiiiii;ou» and <Wnifiil, we 
.iiep.iomeoranaljfii: Tho 
pi-ar to have been coHeihJ 
ailigeoce, and mni^il wJi^ 

gieatftilii th;ftil=ii' 

In t 

ie n in general gout) j 
s ctjgant, n'or nlway* 
erj firft pan^r:iph oj 

9 prcfacr it the fulluv 

' evi:nt»ar«obi;aiofacuiiuSly,TL.*(.ri, 
' being to the human niiniti 
' the gratification ^' it i' attended 

thiftical^^and if ihe' Itntence \%\ ittd 

'"t^theMt .^rnsf, the reader who ktiovs 

'iiuthiH^ of Tyiirax, will inilamly diftw- 

■ 'icr fft imp«rftftiom 

; In tbfe beginning of the fkft (vf^idn 

' it \% fiiuf, tbat <* the wtalth «f the #(kr1d, 

. *« yhlch had long ccntnred tn the' <jM- 

•'*« pital of the empire, cenIM 'to flow 

■^^•'l bit her U\ ihe» lUnw al>undanc^t '•'* 

*>« wilt drvrrted into other chatineh.r 

'In thiB lenience the word ttilher U'le- 

diindaAt*, ceafing to fluw.-z^f/Ai^V^ and 

'^ing diTen^ into oihtfr channels is, 

with rcfpjL«il to the emj>ire, <Hc fame 

thing; htit the word or implies two 

^attemstfve^, if tlte period is tisbA wiih- 

' but the word Ihitber^ tht fenfe will be, 

th;(r 'the wealth of the world did not 

Aow in e<iita] abundance, or thpt it 

Yowed to other places J in cither cafe 

' h 'did ni>t ceiitrr in the empire, and 

this iicems to have been the author's 

, idea, tf hi?* meaning was, that aftt-r 

^ the w*eijlth of the workl had flowed to 

* the eftipire it did not continue there, 
■but ran off in various channels, the 

^ords dH'eried and otber arc ill chofeb. 

.He^ fays there is an tifUmate point of 

deptvfnnn and exaltations beyond which 

human aiTairsyfJiSpwr pais. In ihij fen- 

*tcnct the Word uUunate is redunHtnt ; 

fi^r to fay of any thing that \tfeUom 

fafsf an iiltim te point is as inaccur.itc 

as to f»y, that ^tfsLhm tranfport more 

-|}oods m a (hip thkn (he cafi^ carry j the 

cntical reader will fee many faults of 

• this kin'*, hut be will, hotwithftandtng, 
^be pl^tifsd yfn\\\ t>r Robertfon> lan- 
jfiftagc in its general iff^-iT^-; the fcnfe 
% dearly eicpr«5ifcd, and tht? periods ar« 

ncft tl! turned. 

The irfdriWatidn Wrw certainly tile 
.'mott firtpcilnnt event that happened 
"'durin^t *he period of which ihiis work 
'i^'di^hillory r Am accoui t of the prc- 
'iflirpdfiMgf and concnnent caUHs of its 
'thcceT«? is therefore extrniled rather than 
other part, to fhewwith how much 
»hent and (kill I)r RobettPon has 
jht f .fts togttlirr as caufes arid 
Weft^, which haVe bcirn too often re- 
.cpi;dt'd like incidents in a news paper, 
•WitlrtAit an/" notice of iheir influence 
^tipon irach other, or concurrence to a 

""''«-tharie4 liad'in view the opinions 
)n^$p^.n^'by Luther and his difciplcs 
iMrt file YW t-S'7 \ *^ ■" thefe^l to 
that ':R4p|>y TcfertnRtlon 'in reli^ionj 
^ftftmcfacd-ohe pai^of Eurojp'^rrom 
UrjMipal yoke, initigatcd its rigoui in 

. :• .tJ.rjii K" ffjfi.ijv.ii 3linat .dr>^1i:i«^ 

the otbdi^^jMid^ilTMlacciddi iWPi^lMir«niVl 

jtfas^btf a wf fm .ofjnafcliiid^lhe grititf^ 

«& weU'ai'.tbo *aftJ)aic6dalL)tlifitlJ|it9 

hi^^ptned iinoT'tbe^ublicuian- i^ixikifUr 

jtiaittyvi the tmtf s ^riMhidv itt: Ivti ^iffi 

.-birthi xo^ iheAo«piinotfit^ sod «hc .txitftis 

,whicb!«enffared< their .^ragrofr^ibfiBi^ 

Bfidi\iocefsttily:dKifanrei« 'br^-CQiAd^nfl 

. wirh HMOuii atiditiqni' -t-^ , h ; f <»'j tiii 

belief, / fiius^edi oir aiiciem i -and > 3 t f y 

J rooted prfjudioea^ rnpportcd bjr invou 

isnd dcfcndeti .vkidi ai^t' and. jsvuifa^; 

to ejtabbfti in its voom :dgfitiinlai }«f 

the uioiL contraryLgeDtut aod-Jlf ntfeacysi 

'•nd to. apcani pirfc iati ibif yv ootoby- Ml- 

iirnal vioJooceiir the>foi«e/«ftaraM>>atfe 

operathms -which iuAoiiens -jibcridMt 

prone to cndult^ ajidfupeiftiii9ii(>|nlrfl 

>l(cjibc <u that'divtne:pMi?tdtnotniHbk|i 

can, with mfinite eaiie,. . hiiliga Alit 

fvcnUtbat'to hoiAetBrlknKit^vuap^inr 

impdfTible;' The.:iBierpt£iiOa'jaf!4<>*' 
■ven in fovoor of . the clitiftiimF.Te|igfiBi 
.at its firft pub)icaiion»/lf«t.'anuiiMad 
by fminidcf ■ and propbeeiif^j w i o li gh t 
andutiered in cpnnnnacioD ofci<i:.'AMi 
though tone of tkevrforinqY fwfle|^ 
or pretended to pofleft^ tiiefe|,fupi^a^ 
tnral gifts; yet ttot-^wortderfBl ff v i ip% 
ration of circmmtoacea wkith ■idifpidcrt 
the minds of men fbr reocivingi.tMr 
doArines^ shqt fitigolar c«nbi|ndaB'«f 
eaofea which iecurad their £wijat£t^^ moA 
enabled men dcftitute of power asid' ^i 
ptHky Lrtiitniph orvet^tboic wtb 'cnEl- 
ploycd both againft tliem,. anay bt>Qoq|- 
Ifdered as no Might proof thai' tiK^lai^ 
hand which planied the chriftttair^ftk- 
gion, prttttfktd . the reforaecUfatlbf ainl 
reared it, tram bcginmngi :«9Ct^;^^nilbr 
fetble, to aa amaaiog.degrbfciif*ftGrtt|^ 
and maturity. : ''t ; ,•■«•. 

*< It was fi;oaf'catifei,.fi:emingl|ri£He- 
tuitous, and from a fourct. vtifyiiHgjm* 
fiderable, that all the migkiy cStSoL'^ 
the reformation flow«d. -lico ^Xk<^i4ii9t% 
railed i» the. papal ■thcioAe,:fottiQd.l^ 
revenues of the church ttxlnui&edrJlf 
the vaft pro^fts ot hi» two anlbtj^QW 

f»redeceflbrs, Alexander VL IjMd.j^ 
ius II ; and his pttra cen9prr,iint«r«illy 
liberal and cR«erp'riaing^..reiMlcaed :l^oi 
tncapabie of that fevere 'iuid fiataeni 
dbconomy which the fitusttsonbC* hit fit- 
nances reijuirtdt On tJito contvaryvl^U 
' iirhemes for aggrandizing the^ Dtmiiy 
of Medici, his love of.i|4endof^ Id* 
tafte for pj^urc» And. ilui magtisfictttrp 
m rewafcbng- racB qt:^fB/uui^^::kiy^ftd 
b)«i'dai^jin.oeiun<jtprvc^ ifli^ttdcc to 
provide a fuod fa w&ch^ every device. 


lilt iiiJ?»h 

" 'vjluimlaatraindM My p*r- 

[■ ftDs«n 

umbeni ob them titter lo 
aijound in f^iiii, ni(,io,pm^ii>ih(kllnc|i. 

DI.lJw finikiJiiaiii h<li(iriiMr of T^lcl 

(diii) .iliunkcrn<|i', iiarningi nn^ hvr 
Jcbau^tiery, ibaic f'u)fk!i wUidi wete 
[lioiiU)! tKlttijfeJ ia iiuj)» cf Dblymii^ 
iieinui Uip|uiicls ) biiu all btgau iij 
wilh thai fome check wetc giieo ti tli;^ 

tiian ^WtritCtive ts j«)igivn> . , 

„- ...JtSKIlglVDi. ,],, F,,., 

■Utt/t^rpoM were th« jtiim't^ ""'" 

i(MtUn|wfhaich«t*n£tn*i]ry:iHp in nt&i^n die«SpH;r of pi^diflfCj) 

■^ ii JB JlL i h iiiB^auWwad m- 
KafiAanBwinjpVI'e lU^li^nil. 

m HOMftlffiifiitciavcfbivlUwid 

ipMRtlmTki Aojeznorf 'by 'fbc 
vViHiAi II.'hMt Ittltn^Bd-iiulal- 

1 labd h vtiir jcsntiibutuB lo mrd ) 

(keflariBulgMia^af.tlidi jidplr 
i ifT'KVttnaijri' (QgEther witli ■» 
UtthKl^itiiUB^ii^ imm tkt.laie 
■A'vbi adigaRl MtAibm, doaor 
i^'^d accMalhl^. of Magdl- 
iwkuf/wf hn <ihitf agtnt Ibc re- 

Dominican Ftj;ir, at liEen^oiu 
yimif.ait^^f^Blb'irit, ud re- 
^fOT faif iioiry uif) papular e]o- 
to t'Mc^airil^d hy tb« JTUoki of 
!bt>«^niri-xbat camauftiatfinA 
mkl.tmi 'Ittctmb, buf witl) liuit 
tariVT dccfoc^; and |ba<q;li hjr 
I^K*«kM<l«et)' Ilia, bentfit of 
pdnit^OHi bikI by iii<po6ng qf 
tm,nn kMV pricCrttanr clnitd 

and i^lk. 4fo^nM ^^ tbprc f>^cipw- 
fiiir'* pv> 9r^> tliovch. vl4in«d wt(b 

no. lib abfa)uiourDtfi;han. tbc.otber 
moiiiittc fiateriiitie* to iIm papxt.M^ 
gtii iM cIkcIc to tbf puUjcaiien of lui 

hi^pifl^r 4nd learaiDg RcquiFcJ ruradr- 
dupfy«u|hoi'ity ainonE bii brethRn; 
heprofaflcd .the highelf regard forU)* 
ariinpiily of ihc popai hi* profcffion* 
wi:rc 4t,tlut ilrpt rmccr* j and ut^lk- 
|ftiwi^4wiA* vnwB *" '1m ■>m>^« 
prdtn,!^ tl>f KWoifli churcl), the An? 
fu^*IW,iyitn higbly.plfafeil *Ntlj,ti« 
invtai,fcp. agauta tk^ Dwiinifini, a^l |ee!"! 19 tw lutrvl 
MiCa^ut oC, tie. pt^fU. . Norwu bii 
fovereigit'tbe elcAurof fuqayi tke iffii- 
cft p(iiif*.M,>tuLtii)ic in Genoaqvi dif- 


tjia waj. of th«.piiblica| 
., ._ .eel. He leered* eocvuiufl 
ibetniiDpt, and 4*ti«rM hioilclf mat 
tilt* 0pvtf .ammg &» acfteliafticfci 
tbaaMw/m, migbt gin (oim .cbtct, tp 
.^ «maioni of lbs couit fff ^^'u, 
;whicli.i|K Ifcular prtnces fiaj Iftpgr 
tlV>i^ wjtbout fucGclJ, b«cB fft^v 

H^-Om Axt^MRMMe- mt. tbcfr 
MtTiiid tif/t wegubiitiea in tbtur 
9rfca8)e^n~ta|t>tpgite gtnttai 
*-i>iacWi»cai awl noble*' wen 
riSRCteahi ibeir.ndita .Aunt* , 
J md b wmtliA, >■ ocricf V tplenift 
tf^ «f ji fafntemavtUlK ^ J^qk 


Aa.tlM fomi ef t^ ifldplgenfpf.'&l^ 

>y T«(4f), ajyl the bei^fin wbich^togf 

were rnppafed to conTefi ,u« niilfitfiyff 

in pwtaCint caBntnak,,ia4.1iuU'aa* 


i5q 0^ Jb< geueri^l Ifft And iHtrcduSiefi 4/ ffkRc&. 

jncrcy-ijpoTi.tliec, and abiblve thcs by 

Are 'rt/drrts «;f \\U moft holy pan«oii. 

Anil I by hi5 a\)thoiity, that of his 

bJclTed aboftL-8 Peter and Paul, and of 

fAt moft holy pope, granted and co»tj- 

ihittcd to me in thefe parts, do abfblve 

tlitt, firft from all cecHiaftical ccnf^ret 

Jn vfhaicvtr manner they have been in- 

ciirred, anil thfn from all thy" fins, 

tfanfgreflTions and exteffei, hoy' cnor- 

moiis lbe»ci- thty may be, evcn^ fiem 

Rich as*are lelcrve^ for the' cojpii^aricc 

fif thrtf hoTy fte, and as far as the k,cys 

pf the holy cKurch extend, I remit to 

^00 alt liinffhmciit which you deferve 

^n purgitor/ on their account'i and I 

irftiir^-V.ou lo the holy facVamcnts of 

fhc <!h\\rch\to tjie uiiity of the faithful; 

*nd -A t^T^ innocence' and purity which 

joii p6ttff.\f at bipiilm, fj) that whcii 

rtu dib t^.i g.tts of puhillunent (hall 

Dfc IhOt, rtiid ihe gaies of the paradift 

bf'"d::i^lu ftia'.l bt opened, and if you 

flwUnot dfc ;it prefcnt, this grace mall 

j-cn-.ain in full force when you are at 

tliCprfiittof diaih. In the nanic of the 

i'atliVr and of the Son, and of the Ho- 

hf'tjh: :ir 

**^" Tlie terms in which Tetzeland his 
aft^ciites dcfci'ibcd the benefits of in- 
"dn'-rhces, and the ncceflUy of puv- 
^hlj'fmg them, are lb extravagant, that 
they N^-'P'^ar 'to be a! moll incredible. 
If any mm (fiid ijiey) purchafes Ict- 
tifrs' of indulgence, hi* foul may relt 
ftcpie viih refppft to its faWaticn. 
'The fouU confined in purgfttor}-, for 
Whole icdemption indulgences arc pur- 
chafed, aisfuon AS the money iincklcsin 
the cheft, inftanily efcape from that 
WstCe; of torment, and ufcend into hea- 
t-cn. ThiT the(fficicyof inaulgencts 
v«is to gTtix, that ihe nioflf heinous fins, 
even it »nfe thufuld violate (which was 
|mf)ofliKf ) the Mother of God, would 
be remiiti'd and expiated by them, and 
the jWfo*! be freed both IVom puniQiment 
knd fromcuiff. That thp was the 
vufpt-^kaMc gift 6f^ God, in ordpr to 
tt'cimcilc mtn to himjcif. That thi: 
tipft cieftid by the preacher* of \ndul- 
t;cncc!r, *as ;<8 eificaci.^us as the crofs 
hf Chiift itfelf. to! tl>e hcavenV ^rc 
bpth ; if pu enter not now, w?icn will 
"Jouennrrfor twelve jience you' may 
redtem thc^bv! of y6ur father out ijf 
bur^toVyj and ar^ you fo ungrsttful, 
that you y^'ill "rot refctie your parent 
■fnim torwiit'* If jou had but pne 
efhit,Jtu ought to'ftrip yourfclfinftaws- 

iy,isi^fcii \t, \a ort^if ip pti?clijM« ^yic*» 

On tbigSMirai, ^fi aiti htfMiS 

lobaico, ' ■ 

I Often think it very won^erfu^ 
Urban, that a t^injE: fo lifinatu 
the u^'e pf t$k4icto\i\ imoikiiig, -f 
prevail {q generally oyer the fact « 
whole fnrtiu I cHll'if pn'naiui^l 
eauiie nothing feemsto lead to ir, 
to many it is moil'diragrceablc 
that othera find it fo diffi'oilt Cb tta 
whilft foine, after many *iiMtltd ^ 
ciiH never mafter it at UlU An 
you find the praAice of fmoakiil 
bacco in the norths apd in'lh^ ! 
tn the ca(l, and in the' weft. lH 
jmnienfc rifgioi)^ of Siberia' ahd 1 
ry, China, Japan, IndoAari', 1 
African' Ainerifa, '■'^ almoft i[ifiii 
ly in the continent and iilandis q 
rope. |n moft places, the ufsCgeVii 
mon to all ranks, and to both 
The Chinefe pietend tliey havi I 
the ufe of tobacco mmajf tig€i *,' a 
what length of time the Ani^ 
have had it ainongft then, car 
fuppofe, b«'difct>vered, (tut jnod 
cntly without doubt j poff^biy 
might bring it with them from tx 
from Tartary, when Arft tbi^ pii 
fmm thence to tl^e coatineiit of 
lica. '^o be a little ngore part 
as to its introduAion among! 
Stowe fays, tobacco was br^ugt 
England about the ao Eli^J oi 
and that * Sir Walter Raleigli m 
' firft that )>rougbt tobaccp i 

* when 'all men wondemi w 

* mcsiQt.* B\it aften^ardt, in |i 
paffc 'he tells us,*' tobacco w 

* brought, and made knowi) in % 

* by Sir John Hawkins, about.! 

* in many y^art after^ tnoug^. 

* day commonly ufed by moj 

* and many womer^/ This wa 
the year 1031, in the reign of j 
when, however, the ufe of tHie % 
under d'fgracc, Stowe, in the 
callinz it * a ftinking weed (1 
abufed to G^d^s dtflioncur.* 
kinjghimfclf al To greatly dif^osint 
the ufe of |t, and <iven wrote a^ 
a)U the gemtemah who made 
lowing will 1^ li'eaitily idcfilroi 
(hould feem, pf concurring 1 
maje(^ in fupprcfling its u(e< 

• BcU's Travels, II. p. 6», 

f pr Brookes (Hys it is callec 

fiom (lie ffland of Tobago, from i 

-w3« bmflphc In the yur 1560. B| 

11 toeh^4ft(«.. . ' 


1-^itni*^ of p-Ht^it£ in tttermf ef a l^cpt. rt i 

rli»ir Yor -ail tach *o-ift'>»« 

, ajr « 


Oull h.M tiwti 

*:Mr«f b'l iBOibea nr Urn* ^11 
^iI^mI -Itim l*itmr ^ tvAan*, t^ii 
V:thM tw V fee in fjpdlw b;ni, and 
! BUfiMlg ]«i p™«»t tnimr to mf 
titMTaM**. bit! hue iks ttt pv>*.', 

'-«M**> ft* beimrf**. •»"(* M 
tigMti lbtU.rRfaat^ afia m< death 
— ■ V«ad ttirU fcf wy ew- 

T. Row. 

, r/,«M, Ctr, «r. 

it Jmktmtit A^mml »f tit Otarl^t 

*r'-HK litftfeT «nfTn»f •« fsmotf 

tfKemtitf ifrat ebuicbn in ci>ki. 
Ihrt«'»b^el-Te^-* -nitvfj, t!< ptilbf- 
jjW^f OAfoci of i^ c^rcb of 

MiM)t% ■«■»« the d»gaiij of the 
- Mk OBMH, lb rfrd dnn ^ tkc &it 
MJtfUMBl tflfSE^ ^n»dMr *p;ru- 

»> «gi^ Te^>ij:hcU» a. InjtMnt 
Ml (W Mstict] of Ljno, i> dc 

TftOgUt »m. »n 1145, tkt nd «*- 
«■(»; -Wa 9rttin VUI. (Ijc vA of 

t<H?«Mr KM IBftiribC. Stem 

■aiior-'tr (eVntj, wUd b I1U«A 
MBiftt#|-tS-T ail dn»4 isto ilm* 

If7*c%i«.o?of OttL. db^«rtbT&- 

ISM ; >r>J Ok UAw g( S^illL 
lnii.TrrKKT.n^A}l>BO. TWA 

T Ifc beld «(h vthv 

l^^'^.^'M ia nnM'rr, lii. 

i-*J 1— ii» << Jg»!x«i. Tbe 
dm d^b an nIM 

yodiiUeDM knrAE m1« ctf > 

tn ite dt* of t^mt. Tht 

ctnttiulrinfifronprtiXlttAtT bcfC'nfhi^ 
jkCbct of th( «n|ki>*, tlh) t(^«Tia 1^ 
betrrwdimiht firnf fotri.i,- ;t ■■rt.ttn. 
ol li«di. Til* -v-' ■ --■ '■- -■ '-I 

fie!, pnitt^lioni <■: ' 

l^^tJ. JOd Clhtr (C. - .-..rj 

n*t Iu7lal>le ta ibe nak (Vf ifliaae. 
more dpctiiHf •^«i tttcf i>c of mOlk 
cttnAioa, ui bin m f«ilwic «^ 
tbctr own. 

TIk oMKltre it ibc plice i*h«re lU 
cardial]* chkfl* cad«Mii4r U BW 

to ihe peopfe of Kfw* bi 'j>llir.g Ae 
pnrWn of dKcapiul. firin* tl|c r«s. 
■on of 4« a«l« «r Si Anjtrfcj, ii)4 
f"™"* '^« pif&Bii Wi to fur^te 
CM^wl* br «wcvlw Who* ffvw iM 
nrdinal CwavtrTinfo. *lio isrit^ 
Ueai (D Ue iffraactiwf ooiicIjt<«, 

Till the t«mchu« tMct*, iW Cn>v 
ONtlbte <SU at rtfcu , b w »i*»%^ 
> '- " ■' • Mj ordcq 

lU iltingi OKc&iy I 

I ord^ 

Iirin a«d (Wne ol 

l^niaced bf coautee we^dtv f«n>. 
lioBi, Mid dXnbvied br iK. hoA •- 
Bcag the cw£n«U Am in Rowc, wl 

,.__<«, uJ aa n t uMUik a 
rufe bnb >*<»• oaij ««MM aUC 

time n fu«r cteni, aJ t uMr. CW 
tie I %tk iky aha titiP^idvA.d 
tW ar£»iii M Ac ci^ noct •■ A^ 
■araM « St Fcut^i ^aidk. win* 
At •oJ* y«Kft ;0n(Bi a ctkh(«*di 
»dBfi«> I fawMM At d«Mfttsbi 
•Uand a ifw cieaiM of a Pape, Acj 
f > » a ** t-* by n>» u,ts il« C«odnc, 
«ri|iA w An ftjtt ap br tbc p^^mfit 
Wi mA^ «4o aic ^p «Mwd «f« 
iWfc Kcafe**, BMC Wi^ lnwi.nI 

" *e» Pofe b deScd, .asd c*n A^ 
■k t**te» vbB t0K> A« CoDciaTC if 
BM tJtowed u ti^w. bai lafa 1m TK<: 
Tk< ewociM if (k CoMiw ^ at^ 
wajk pu' w Jj c*«b if Ac c- " 
■*i>i a*4 WcsArr wiA aa«~ 
icldn w Ac : ^ ' - 

a % Mr V^Ws 44Jf!^?fo-t^ S^eeif^^ jjf (Middlcft?. 

pcnts w.brg.u^h,' to.the ftutfufc of.tht Xkf^'^.{t'^»f9iip^.tfMfMiMfJ^ 
u tbfgafcii.of conuents, Id ttv>t ivUit^ 

! perjon wjllil 

received ■ bf 
Concise II 

gr a:i:oidiiig.toXoijif,Jn 

Ti(c (Ij'vaOn * fiin. of 
of cKi: perfpn to.'ffipm 

P^' ■ ■ 

2f fi'.* - „ - y ■ ,. - 

Fope.' This isihroivn iiuo 4 thalice, 
vi[liicti^l{:indi gn 1 lung table toyerqj 
tfiUt erc^n clotb, is cli: be3uufol cha-r 
t^r □? .tlie'Con'^ave, wliicti woi built 
M,|Piip; Sijttui IV. T«o cariUpiI^ 
R^jioiiiiEiJ fur iliat pufpoTt) liicaUHvcly 
rtid xtoi^ ttie nates, maikiagtlie piim- 
btr of vatc; foi ev.ry •w5in»l. H^ 
who bs; iwo iHiiJiis iJieI»r«d Popci 
etliciwiie tlie fq^itiny it repeated till 
■fflij^umbei 15 conipUtt. irihii man- 
£^ of eLciliii) ("aei not Ultc pltce, ro- 
WMrfc ii hill 10 antihcr, called Aic^m, 
W Whitti tilt miut of ibe farmer Icru. 
finy 'tieiflff fci aliile, every cardiiijil mud 
i:iv: ui wj-iting bil »ftte M another | 
and if by i!|if tftif tw» tbJFdt do nqt 
T.'^fzM- of one mind, tlian h tdl ano- 
U)L'r I'cronvcc chilled l^iratu, by viiluc 
p( wh[ch, fuch of L'le cardinal* iia att 
imanimfiuE, come out of iheif ccltt atid 
call aloud la '.ich ntiftr, and ojicBly 
mention the name of bim tlieyAx upon 
forPojw: On thii. thf oth«n, to ;iuo)d 
■ncuniiig the dilulea(iue of the new 
fleacti PpntifT, jota jn ihe cty, 9nd thua 
the cleflioB is carried. If uii* octbod 
airo failt, the fcrutlny begins , a nqw, 
mndthe ekAion provej Ttry tfdioiu.^ 

The emperor of Germany, ain4 ibe 
l^iii£t«f Fr:incc and Spain aKallofred 
to ekclude a pcffon propofed for ih* 
tcnpedo.iij bnt tbii prbitft miift be 
in.ide before the complete decIaUtioq 
of the void for fuch a peribn. . 

[| it requiied that ilie Pspe be a(i 
Italian^ and at lialt fifty five year* of 
»«; though ihey Icldom eleft any one 
whoi) nut near feienty. When the 
cleAion ii over, ilic reft of die cardinaja 
pay due homage to the Pope tlefl, who, 
after a Ihor) pravf r, declai-ei the name 
tie mlt bear for the future. The chief 
•f the cardinaJ dcacpna then proclaima 
hire to the people, wbo, .on ihefe occi- 
tipni, wail in gieat ipultitudea wjtl) 
ea^eresjicAaiion about St Peici'i plafCf 
Tbc c^wiuion of lii* hqlinefs witk, 
rhe t'lipTe crown, is gapRallf eafonned 

/rrtrlvtj, Jtf/(i» argmuit irgfUfj 

. tUlt) fimiid. 'atfirHhttfer. ^ fat. 
,«,«,»««*[.«'■, \*fTlki?. .f4ir4^\ 

, p.ij'g.anv.ui i. ^ . .ji ^. , ,|.^ -.h III 

' '-(ii<rt&*«., ' ■■'■• ''■■!- -■ '-"A 

fyauLS "1 *''itti XOi. Juvl- bepn 

(iioukl Ihie /iilly Iv y^u tilt mgtivni^ 
my i-.iidiifl, lio ]nii-3[e cutllikiitioii' 
couLliiiductmt llius irpcnwdly lo er.j 
(itJi [|i. ln>:S;,lJ,ns uf this uJ>:aibW 
couiuy to r.ib.iiii to the inconvfnlehy , 
oi fo t.;^^L,i;r.l.iL-; Um ^^uiu' 
(.: h, aiMsl^'-i (.I'.^^i).!-.-, hy <Imy J^ 

you jjkl vj my i):,t;>i; cwiiniiv. , ^Ti; 
IoIl- oi-jtjVL: ii ihe hu)>e of .lUtilifhi^g 


poA.ri.y vv,n dr^t^nf/r™ J^^,^ 
giiv.di:iiis of llivvr binti-ngTit, of (hjiBr 

by .b. cantdt. by tl,c ;i.c.«fi„g dt^ 
pence to which )du .aic torjiptllW. 
Yoii will h m=ver. I am fiire, ci'.nyJnue 
to ^^^lOvc (0 the woild lUit yuu ?ie.^3 
p:i,gvloilH.-, mc-ni, wretched; ifuiiiil; 

ailincc, and iiiid»tiotEd;^^,^*f^,^^ 
p,eh«nllon cf fixture "IfpJfl^v, , , 
I cannot conceive any tiling tfife^ 
er imporunce 10 tie i,i^(e«a(io^,j,^ 
public htiti ty, than the euen^ of ife.pif;, 
fcni flrug-lc. TlietiLi£jl;ipn.'^.>*Ji^W-'^ 
the ptopk Inve M InWVwt .ttn^i' lo^ 
rcprefenied in pstliaraent^ by iM ma^ 
of tiicit choice, not ll|fqu?W|f ,to 
tfie law of the land- This niwftjoo S[ 
iipw a^^in agi!*w4 .'P a" ?';'.!^r'"yfi 
ageuodtf a pr.nce 0/ the ,B/;"lf«lcX 
i;ne, to wlioiii ihc tJieiofn of 'Oii* ^jrsf- 
rifihl gave t"hc licptte, jn (ODft^ueocj, 

ii^ht ct^tvs] wiih our co&dinitiGQ, ^1^ 
-..- ...J. , ., ^^ y j~.,y,.u,M Jtlnffa >?n>PS '^'* '''* Piin^'Plf^'-^f ">i'S 

;, «|jrTit- 
|***U<1 .i; ■.:.. iJILL L-i" KIOHTS, 
*JiiEli declairi thxt'tu thi?, » weH *» 
in iJic othti inflaocci cnumnatcd, our 
ivtttar»^".-3ir tt\r\n vt hk-e <nh bit4 
oruaNy ilH»e\ ■ V1N3ICATEO »id 
ASSERTED ih« tnn:, ANCIiiN F, 
*n4 INDUBITABLE right, and li- 
^'~-^:ivF the' people of Id's kin^jdoin. 

hiilTdilJfivtdyoii ut B right acknowj 
k.lg(d (O be )oM.i FOK f VEkB>«i 
aft ..( tfw wiiole Itgilln.rte; To raiK 
thiic3f«i ft fuhytrfiw: ff^youi-'rigS^ 
Ihe niort a*gn.iit, ii It tx^X'fif R«ei[ 
", ihut thrr* w« noi a»y tiBd'oftip^ 
pofition 1.1 ilir clra.on." !I fiUI pn^ 
ctrdtd, gentk-frrcn, lo'ippcal a|a(n to 
-~" Brd by youf (avoiti my lluid re^ 

cledicn wM > 

leoi'Ic o 

1 the r 

'JT 1 

(hSy'^'CLAlMED, DEMAND- wiih a Crail»r"d«lmtiofi, "irLsi n4 

ijii mSISTED UPOW, and the *ilicr<Miarf6rt v-js prppoftd„and ihrt 

I 'ej_: «,..... „,ii.j' A.*n itr.^^ ""tlt^orgavc or tcmk^til h)-s vofB ('or 

„._ _. ij- oltitr p^i-fon,- 7n tli!!Uftiiiilaii;C* 

^J^K." Parliimciitarj »nibo- bolli (he e:taioii and rtiuiii au <ier 

(Mfgil tWy fovticipn nulie CO. chrr..l null and roid. 

JtlVn w I")™" "• '''* oh;erv»licc of This corfcll ii now become tf lt« 

kt aiyC^U the other ftntuto of lliis mntt in:er<fling' natiiir. It ^3 l>e[w«i 

'■^■. aniltHittxctllEiil aft dcd-"* 'I'' nn*.t arfm;«;fl-..,iin„ n.„i .rl rt! 

■' iU'oKceis and min.itcii » 

■ %i(l ftrti iheir msi'lliH 


and all I 

I'righi of il(t p*i^1e is no h;(i tltir 
umn than by the pcGi've'lhtuie, 
c no lepiEiVination, bnt 
wTirn the greal«t number 10 be rejire- 
(^rt«d hive frie'v d-.ofen a petfan who 
S' Ie«liy (|a»lified. A reimreniaiiuii 
«hli?ut, or sgainA the conieiit of ihe 
&«■«;■<, f. »n i^.fiill to cO.Di.Kin fenft, 

IB iS'fiiidjty fcarcelj to lie psralWed, 
i," tn'iiilUcc and inlblenct Lot lo b^ 

;Tiiyiy,Mfe, fcmlemen, the legiflatlwi 

M^ntA. .- - , 

Siefty Ei-oUhded on the p..ien« of 
i-fc^t'if iSd «mten reb.neu, rtie mar- 
here m-lhtr*.: lieM«, »<iicb I did from 
diV'l*p!'iirion thii bloody f.etic had 
&.tE t'lkiri pir. Thii I drcl^i^d df- 
^»M'}^t t<>^ l^^r of ')" '!'"><'<= of 

^^ 'piift thence the (lift e-xpulliofi 

^a^iily cook its rife. 1 "n-le aii ap- 

Wrfiyrtrtflimems. Yo,. ipproved 

tohdua, induiijrrmi:..rflv .eel-ttrd 
I WM Ihcn Bxpeli-.! - l«.-<.d lime, 
nb" rrifon whii'.T=rw.L> aflignird. 
day ifur thii .e-ektl'on, Ihc p|c- 
lti<" idrnhifflniion ptocured a niblit- 
*■ " ''thatlwB^ a»dam, incapaUfe 

' prcftMt adrniiiifii^ 
elcilun of Oicat Bi 
noiliing perfbnal in it. Tlie caul't't. 
nartonJil, and of ihe firft magni'mJt, 
On thiipubliceroiindlwill llisd CtiV! 
r liialideter iiicfrom piydufj, 


B«d whSe I ceriiinue to ht tj.rrullrd Ite 
Jou inthh imporiant toi.cein, I Ihi3 
rely on your broitflion «nd fiipponT 
In mt yoTi Diall find obedience lo you't 
inllrtiflioni,, fidffiiy and Indefi.tlg^lJ* 
iml for iht W'-hitensiiK of every ij^t 
oi (hii freeand bii*e nsiiou, 
f *»! Grntlnaca, 
■ Wilb i-^'eJiQi ami rttarJ, ' ,-.' 
four vhhgtd and fail hjul biaathjirireiii', 
Xing t bead fri/on, 
Tiyr/ia^- Martin. 



Ta li-ii AMrtfl, Ihtjalhiuiiiti Juc<ti4e4^^ 
Tt lit GimUiun, Cltrgy pW fnrh.^ 

Atri vj tht C.ountj of fAid-iiifx. ■ ■■ 
Crmlmea, i™ 

MR. WiHe', wi,«.n you blely <;(;a, 
tdi<irrprt(?ni jtu, hrs'bu^n j*. 
peattdiy ijxpcl.'d ilic llouft of Cti^ 
mons ; npoj the IjII icfurn ibe ^letlioq 
has hern ^clartd null' anJ 'VQiJ, l>y ilie 
ofrly«owei«t;irlica(i ■ " ' 
valiJiiyof an dcflion 
llistiifdinl.lj ; ind dt;.i too ■.vliliutji .» 
diiilion of llic Houff. Tlitli: t.>fH Ml 
nolo.loO!, aod a.c .luly »^t(d. M( 
Wi!t«h.« loM -ou In t;iii,,rAt"»d. 
Ji«ft, ihal Ifie (jti.rtiod i-,' ■ydi'Thw 

' ■" ' " '""^w'a 


3M>.T*V |«.li™i!.,i, ind lie i.u' SpAftM 'M ift(til«,i«iU"rS;i « 
J^fii jr i- tnUI* of M Ski* ftr ,lil, i„, ttai, ui, «,l^»,i-\.^\'ki 

i*4 '-'bt^Atuns m'B^ Wai^> .rffiMi 

li, tkit the' people certainly Tiuc ■ 
lighl'lU.lic To ripierrni<:d : bu( the hA 
ii, thn the frnliolcten of Midjiercs 
havt choren r mm who i* Ji/jnaiiJieJ 
bftbe rrfbiuiioas oF ill the ComtniMi 
M CieatBiiuin. Tlie gEaileman riyt, 
TbciCbiurion ifaat I am ineligible, it 
onlj' by oat thiid pjrt, ar (ni ke' mea)is, ~ 
I pi«ramc} by nnr of the thrfecanKt- 
tuent p.uu of Ihc legiAaiDif j t)M fafl 
u true J but it ii by that branch of the 
Icgilbture that tisi ever bin), ami ever 
aeidiidtlieiiglit of dctermiiTing upmi 
the ijii.ll I H cation of their own mrmbcri. 
if liie klngal<me had relblved, he wm 
tndigifale, he would have bad rest 

K' mind of cMfiplaint, tnd To wqald ^11 
e people «f isren Britain ; then the 
rigltu of vhe kiipgclom . wolild bave 
been invttlcd, and ibc cleclantion of 

ItftilEioa of all tlie Conm(«i of Great 
A/Mil),.b|K>n thii pninl, tt.^J be a prs. 
per deterttin^iiion of it, lubltiiutei rtie 
■dminifttalioh for the whole nprcF-nim- 
tirt bedi of the pe«ple. He fai-e, 
" Tliedity after 1117 ff cUaion, .the 
pieftnt adminifttation />'ararf^ arrfo- 
liltlon, thM I IMS, ar.d tnt, in.-apiMe 
o( being eleft?d, &c." The rtp.<:leci- 
htivct of Ureat Biiiain are not miidi 
'oblignfra MrWilkeafor th;»ro»pli- 
Dientt for, frentlcmen, ihete i« a ur- 
nidift::nce iri ihi> matter thitii very urt- 
fonunatefor Mr Wiikti, whifh ii, 
ihnt the lall d•-c)ll^alt^n of tl>e IIuu:e 
if Commigne ji rjhura-m.', or, (wnith 
1 lhinki*fh( fjme thing) withuut i di- 
vilioni now, ibbiig^i 1 nm rery r ady 
10 admit there 'may. -bave been limti 
when adini i>i Oration ■ li.are had an in- 
Aueacc o»cT a pitt of a Hou* of Coi«. 

a<tmirtiBr»Ii>n in tbikpoht; MiJ'toM' 
not eoMCive how the efdntti' W W 
fpeai: btn by the vbttt of iboffi tItBVMM 

.i5a , • J ■ ■ 

I hiti fttd tha* muck to ctttiVio^ 

C, ttiiT ihi* ii not inly an- il^ua^" 
an abJunl contelt; prmit mf n»1r' 
to faya ^ori to' M Bril of Aigbtt'J 
liirely sever any aa wat fti ni^nbb 
toriid«d ak thit. Ote fff tbV anictiT' 
in th<d«;elaraiioriorrigStt, >;, tliJttlcc- 
iJoni ef Ueniliers of p::rlili)v;iit aufcht 
tfrlw.frce) itiit Jk, tin; iW cklioni^ 
Ae kingdom Ihiil diufe ttiiir owii re^ 
prtlcDtativee, anJ ijiat the trowo (halt, 
not intcrpore. lo itJieiTupt Hidi fixe 
choice. How citnc h to be 'ont' of d* 
artidct F The rcaruii U ^veS in ih^' 
preamble of tht rfittarafioii, 'l>r<!iiuft' 
Jtiiig Janiei hid cjuliyviJ'ai*J to ('ii">vat 
the libcrlict of ihf kiiigilmii, by violi*!- 
in^'aie freedom of fUfliCos of msni- 
bera to ftrre in pai'limii^ni. Eul >!o^ 
the declatation of liglns f^y, rjili . all 
rile rrpcefontalivrs of (he Idntdoin flijK 

bio'ifiged tow^dvcamoBg tfitiii a p«-- 
ba ch'olen bj- iIic fneltolilcii of 01^ 
coiimy, •ahtlt'tr [Aij li.-iU tr uo'f^tiog"' 
tiling be nicrif conlrarj- to the (sin, 
end Ipiiit of (be d^cIn^aIt^ll »f rtgh'wi 
'ihc people fli^iulMtiar^j'ijlKjn^eica-, ^ 
ins their own iipi-efentaiiv^ i $iuip^\' 
*lfc crown. Ihouldliy.yoo hi «'c"c«pelkd*" 

keep him aino'i': ,■ ■. , ■.-1, .■ ■.. i:!il ibe' ' 
people fny! B;. ' J,t/j 

.ilieeltaion ot iremliiu of (mlnmiM^ 
oii^lu Id be free, ibc iiitcipolj'iuii.ol' ttw , 
cro-.vii would be an uniiouljled yiolaijoB^, 
of the ngh:a if the people. D;>e JHght', 
Iw apt to belicie, by ibe icalaning 9f' 
(blue of Mr Wilkes's advowWi^ thw; J 
they thought the declaration' ojj^ 

M procui-c fdme member* eonfineJ to the' frechtilderi of 


c Uteir 

opinions, I beli 
me when tbey could 
il pibllitutitin 16 the 
or if *heie e*er i 

procure an univi 
minifteriaJ diAati 

fuch a tinic, it wa* very unlike the pri 
feut. fiot that wnlleman favt, the 
canfe il national ) it in of the firft mag- 
nitude , and it it between the preTent 
■dminiftniion and all the eteAon of 
Great Britain. 

Errry thin;; that einictrnl the rrpR. 
fentalion nf tlve people it c>-rta>nly na- 
tional I and it i* bctome of Tome mag. 
nitnds In the ditlurhances it hai ikcca- 
fionM ; ^tn I am greatly at a loA to 
fiiul out lifiw it can polBhly be betwcan 

iheMliniiiiitniiion aiid'alltheeleAaeiof .._. _ . — rr^r— —-r^-n^;,^ 
O-nt Hhi-jin , all the elMEled of Great, cowtty- He u IkuUb rf ,^tint , 
AiilWitA'iiri-cejtS'jiJj'concai'iwlvtith At tki fa^^na«ii.>an« t>(ilk.*jllltinfl|i 

icx only; for otheciwife lunily. Ehc^ 
of the eicAoTi of the kingdom, gr. tbnr., 
reprefentativcB in pjtriiament, kavcjiliti 
pood a light to rcjeft Mr WfUks*,**, 
the fmbolilcrt cf Middlefex iiit, M^ 
chule him [ and when tli'.y bave r^cA^T^ 
hi.-n, and declared liiiu ijie|igilj[(, ,JL^, 
think that deciaraitcn i'^ bindii)2 upofi,] 
.the fneholdera of JviidJU-rqc, liy tlv^,, 
ru1e« and cultom of pariiarricnl, whi(k ^ 
is the law in mattcrf of itiis ku-A..tnii. 
■they iniift fubmit to it. U' [» , ^r{|I 
'Mr Wilkea cannot ^t in itii-i p^rlii- 
menti to what piwpole then (!«• 
bale whether, be «as be c<e£lcd ! Tbta 
bringt meM confidei thejavf^t 4iw»> 
tiem ii thii popf lar GKd'd^i)&>^. t' ' 

1 fitcsiiJi if be 
^■Jtltowr nii n AesorunnNn:, 
Mrair the nslbt'jtijn '' Wiic 

fan, and A fbrji.±iieij cf L> 

^. A. F. P. L. 

mOtrn,,, ^ 

wiKft i>«l-'n«B tk treehoiJert 

.^CJJkicx and the H ■ o(' 

It inlf. ronftinitiooat, it re'uu 
^idQf lothc ri|~a» ot ^hoiJfn 
f i???" "^ pitJiMneni. A 
U X lofB. a niiure, lod of Tuch 
nc^' cannot be tnitcd wi:^ ion 
Itt^nohl On dK one GJc *re 
thtl4(n rf tbe Rrft coiirty in 
(^'■smlpb ihc otbri, the lerpcfla- 

»«if tiK H of C . 

Ittthoidnl of MiJdlcAtx think 
IM • nght, u (r^cbpUrri, to 
Aiom .thcf pleaTc to bs ttwif re- 
Av« in tiarliuneni. not difquali. 

U*. The H of C . ■ 

Itlt ha*"* right to exi,:1 f/om 
W SKT tmron (t)iough act dif- 
Lt^ (m) who appear:; lo them 
^y a fell in thithouri:. 

1| tak« to be A« inie, the nad 

c^ifft betvtern ilie freeholdcn 

ifteftx and th« H of C . 

oV niapsfe xnj thin^ ip the dtf- 
(^ of either. I -mW fui^fe 
Id to be influenced onljr by gooj 
;'1ud lo be afiiiatcd onFy by e- 
I'tiewi, Th« fiwrholders in 

of ibejr rights, and the com- 

I l^pport cf their privilegei, and 

MMiit that the* an alike opeo to 


f *ifli T were beticr qualifi«l tu 

■ Thit qndlion ihin I :iin. I 

BQWercr my duiy to tive my 
I ^d'^ to give it with all tnt clear- 
Vftf^axtty I aiD abie. 

, the H of C- — a -ji/«n- 

^t^, 3 focicty which furme'l it- 
4tild not idmit ( doubt but 

olHer fach focieiiri, they iroiiid 

lUjJil %o recei*e or expel jitlt 
bc^ ft««red i but thii i) ttot the 

don bf the H of C -, 

^ «f 0-~^— it not a voIant:ii-y 
mhA yDwer* are derived from 
t ii an eleflcd Tocicty ti»U, and 

'«f Ij i«th 3 delepitcd power. ■ 

iia) d0 fhe H of C F d». 



.: «S» 

Did tie f:\-; o.j.:( .■: Vjrt c 

•TSX '.1 iSt's r.^n:'cnci9-(t 3 ri^htof 

pi tS,r, .-«';-, :v/-.- o- Rv,-, • 

SL'fpoft il: r-.e fr«ho:j.i* ie tS^ 
kirj -jBi. excrpt tro^V rf a liiulf wub-' 
:v. ta bf cf crh-r-a ;" it A ». ii rt^' 
w ;«!ijr of 1 fts: ■ > ^*'' itBerT. l-w tt«« 
the fri*i!o'Js'';'f ans re,"*;* rv ^f o. ■ 
[Miiian thj! he is. ! B.lmIJW ilait tn 
kro«( \rhettic- the Ireclrtiirj I'f rhi; 
county evw delegite'.l to tile orhflVrt-. 

gwire upoi t&ir chuitj ■ tt '* y-.' 
to liijipoie fiieli a power i\ic'..l rver " 
be dc!e]^ttd, or th!it it ctrr n>uM ettit ; 
am) if liidi a pow;r iloei not etift trtn 
in the freeholuert thrmirlvei, nni.'h Icii 
can it erei'cxilt with iluift whofr power 
ii derived onlv from thtir dekgatir.n. 

It appears lo m* thjt the ri^ht (•f the 
people to rhuleth.;irrqir.'ren;it!ve<, ;»n.l 
the right of the noma in civitie ptrr«, 
are very fimilar. The crown m:iv e iv- 
3te any Enjtliihmnii, heini; n |>ni(ri)aiit, 
and takinc the oath« prvftribHl by taw, 
a peer of the mini, and dtle^atc in 
him a ri^t to a leal and vole in the 
Houfe of Lordii Ami the prnplc Ir. 
gjlly intitled in vote, maychuI.-.invKtin 
10 l>e their ripr-leiitativc is x^ii:3nK:.t 
who i:i duly ijvJJiHed according lo li». 
Were a pecr;ige to )» cunfriied tm .i 
papill, orononc whnrrfufeatota'u'thi> 
oaths which the JAw r«| 'r-n, the I.<ir.l4 
would b.- juliiiicd in nfi: In^ u< aliiiit 
him tn a fr::t i:i their llm.i. ;' l.iii •! m, 
legal olijeCUuni'in he ur)',c>l «<<,.'iiiil liiiii, 
ihr Lord} 1 aj^preliend 1i:i"e im j -.-'.m tn 
urse anyothcr. but iiiiin lulrnit Iiim. 

ill like manner were llw f,.t]M!.!ir( . 
of any county to ctuill- » pentw lo Iia 
ih ir rfprelentative in .puliaiivini, not 
({Dalified acconling to liw, the <'imi< 
mom in thatcuJi: cfiuinly Lave ■> ii4li| 
to rcjeft him, it oihiT ihey It'v iio 
i-i^hi to admit liini amnn^r ijirm | lint 
if the frseholdm riiul^ ii pcribn pt.iiirr< 
ly cjuniiliod accorriiiii; inlaw, Iri hit jri- 
varc or j^tntnl ch^nri-Her >k wfaar ti will, - 
I apptehend tiiu C— Iiavr ihj iiii.iw - 
riant to rcfuf': liiin hii liut m iiii'ir- 
Hoiif^ than tbe Lord. Iia i- iv ri fiih> ■ 
petreieatrd by die kiii{ hi - li^t in dmn. 

The kibg (Mily> by liit uiMlii<u(w« ' 
ud bcin i«l' EnjUt'^. vt*. uiti^^. «• 


186 An Account of the decif.'ti EUSion for Mjddl^fcx. 

tight tb a Utit m the Houfe <xf Lords, the 
)>et>j^fr onl^ to a lint -ill the Ubufe ot' 
CoinmoiH ; And I'uppoling nol<:gal in- 
capacicf btlonf^jng cithtrr to the nexv cre- 
ated peer uf the new t-)c£ted burjireni or 
knight of the Shii«, I do npprehend, 

nciuier the L ■ or C have, from 

the contiitution, the Icalb right to obie£l 
to tht choice, and much Icit to fet it 
afide.' • 

I may indeed be miftaken in this opi- 
n!on, hut if ihey have Inch a rigi.-f, it 
tlicn follows the king cannot create a 
jyjcr, nor the people chufc their own rt- 
-pi;^'cutati\es. L. T. 

A Writer on Political Delufion produces 

-another tretin of arguments ^ tubicby 

if admitted f toiaUy 9*ueribrQ*w the 


TllK advocates (ays hr, for tlie ad- 
ad Tiiinon of Mr W. forget that it 
is not a mutter of law, delineating all the 
r)unil)ie cvi-nts that may happen, which 
1? in qucliio'ii, Init of privilege founded 
in e'-jUity and the reafon of things. 
Thci< •Hi!ns!^ judged at the tribunal of 
naciona) juuice, and having their fi*ee 
coiirCc, arc/)i\lln|r to what hath Ivien un- 
dcrliocd for cges paft, the privilege in 
cjuciiion apwai-s rrom it<i ven* nature 
and effcnci, ss wtli as from the judg- 
nv.nt of the body itfclf in who»r. it is 
lodged, to l>e a i«art of the funtiamcntal 
au'I tcnli'tnilorj?! hiwi of the land. 
Shall we nf!m!t of tuch fa!fc rcflncmcnts 
and prcfumpiicr.s, as to cxpiod j 
thj vci-> di^K'itt'S c.f ccinmcn f(.nli', and 
cqi:j?ly confound ctpTst)* and law ? In 
nyT^nS to hws not regarding piiviltges, 
thtJl: mutt have the aH'ent of the whole 
legifiatnrc ; hut w'.th refpe^ to a prcu- 
liar prerogative or privilege of a panicu- 
ku' ]iare of tlic k^ilLiturc, a law in tht 
ordinal' V couifc ni Icxirtaticn would im- 
ply a contmdifiion j for the authority 
which enabled the law, would in that 
cafe comix>ul the power^ oi* revoke it, and 
-it would ccai'e to In; a peculiar privilege 
derived fi'cm the original conititution ; 
ami if each piart invaded their refpcflivc 
prerogatives and priviliges, it is evident 
th?.tthe whole would be weakened if 
not fub^'crtcd. The privilege in quefti- 
on I conceiTC to Ik foi:nded on principles - 
of Ircsdomaad iu'lcp^^ndcncy, and ecu- 
not b« dc(iix>yeM withmit i\ibie£Ving the 
wholtf body of tho people to be diilrcfTcd 
.by the cs'jwic; of the fiiiallelt part of 
thcnt. It fuch a privilege were nbro- 
'gxtcdt it woidd invdh^ the people, a6ci- 
Hhr>4irtprsxptttbnmivvi^^ in thc-ditiictdty 
*Msi kSh'.iir^ at wiii^ a> :/ likcy had uauL. 

Withboc a delegated poftfrr, the peor 
pic, as conifDoniv under Hood, veiiketb^ 
ocean^ which, vnien agitated, may breaii 
dovn every fence ) but would thty calm- 
ly and deliberately deftroy it po««r in 
its obvious life beneficial to tlicaiclves ? 
The privilege in queition appears fo 
much in favour of the people, that if it 
wei>e cancelled thrv would foon ])|in<Bt 
that they were giatified in fo capricious 
a determination. Inftead of extending 
tlie line of our liberty, it would cut oif 
a confiderable j»rt of it. Libertjr is a 
dream, or a fuhftanrial being. It is not 
the freedom of every one to dO juft 
what pieafcs Ids fancy, but obedience Xo 
law and reafon in conforming to a plan 
founded in reafon ; and the^ way to pre- 
serve it, is to look well to that authority 
by which we Inn-e been long governed^ 
by which we are become a great and hap- 
py pc-ople; and in l^ad of levelling that 
authonty, at the will of a few, to guard 
it as the apple of our eye, for the Ug^t 
and guidance of the whole body of the 
people, and the prefervatson of thtir 
peace and happincls. R. S. 

When a real et Ji^pepid attack it 
made tipon the conftitution, the ^r^■' 
mcnts ior and avrainft fuch a mealuie 
cunnct be ioo copioully lerited ; it was 
faxtljcr urqctU that Mr Wilkes's ad- 
drcfs to the ft-eeholders of Middlefex, 
thouj^h called an addrels, was in fail a 
nionifcfto agninft the Hotife cf Com- 
mons, and the prefent adreiniftration. 
Mr Wilkcf pretendu, lays another writer, 
th:it he is now more than e\Tr the champion 
of public liberty, invaded by the Iln-e of 
C «, who, by declaring him incapa- 
ble of being elected, have unlawfully 
deprived the fixieholdcrs of Middlefex 
of^ their birth rijjht, and fuhverted tii* 
firft principles ot our form of gOvetri- 
nient, which refcrres to tht people adnrd 
part of tht Ifgillativc power. In fup- 
poit of this charge , he offers the follow- 
mg argument: The frcehdden hava. 
a right" to chufc any jMfrfon not diujuali- 
fied by law. Mr Willies, though ex-'. 
jielled by the Houie of Common^s, and 
dcciai"^ incapable of being re^ciefledy 
i« tiot dilqnahned by bw) thepcforotha 
freeholders of Middlbi'ex have a right 
tociiulV him, and the H-^^haveno right 
to icjef^ him, a^ th«.>y nioi> ii4c^aliy liiiva 
iirme. — This is the an^ment Uiriy iiat- 
id; !fn aiutimcnt <K hie ir involves tliemoA 
obtfens conrradittionv and c«wliidet.di-. 
redely oppf«iite u) th'e (uttif<im>'UiVge JUid 
pn6tke <»f ' pr.v:iametit> iwhioliia>the4la« 
oi Pig^^vixv^v ^ ^<« vt \K« Houfe of 

An Ateowmi cf tbt decUive 
.... - • . 

ConnoD < Jkare a Hght of expcllin^r th:ir 
I, which nohcKiy tieei?^:! 

ynr?aRr tiicc- beirig re-elc^ii^ oth«rvriie 
Ulrpowtr oF eai(iiiiG4iTi \% utcia-I)' ui%- 
rt^iring, and a reuil'itieu ct' the HouVe 
ot-Cuauncaa aLiy im initsntly ov^r- 
drjwa bj any (.oujiiy oi* borough in 
Iji^iaiiii. Titc eaip>.ii:iuiL of n. mcmbtf 
cr-parilaine&l m not, unJ ought not. to 
lircaainltrcd nvLTciy a« .1 p;uuAi7ndnt, 
«6kk. vhai oace Li:?:-ftjd, Ic-vc* rhj 
'penbc ia Cae ftnttr C!p?c>cy in which be 
«n; 9.<,rr:.«i:3 lo his cii.ccio-i. No; the 
Ci«-T' r .i-zogxi cr cxpu!;l^r. is to pre- 
tmt ;.rsL'r')Tcr anl ^*ji.voit-iy p^rlba^, 
wi» h.i/: farcn ^'jlUy cf bul: and ini'i- 
A0U.> actiijn-, ui' 'if K«.ii:.%u.i and tr«.'a- 
inxslz pK..L::cr», liomcon. :iirinjjan'»rt 
of thfc: irg:ih-.*jt. To e.^iblilh tliis 
'tUenvurc ot cxpul'on, L-t us 
to r'-om; f.m«.' icltar.ces cf 
?Jr joHn Wai'J was tiitd 
&rfa::^=ry b^- a c^urt ci Justice,— he 
«M CDik^iclvd an 'I icnfiinccii ro the ni^- 
lcz)t{ cbat vas the panl/hmcnt of his 
CRiw. JBat whnt uij t'le Koufe oi 
Qabsacut da? They exp:i!-'i hiiii as 
tni«tMhy cf a in pir.irt'iij.i-.— 
Bond and liiich, rrvttees -..l j.i the 17. r- 
iirBtwvter Eilate, b-in'<- icn-ri-l cnijl-vof 
a breach ot trult. 'av:. ::.i::i>-iy cxp^lL.l 
by the Houie of C'l.ntii^.'ri^ :io unwoit'iv 
to fir . Sucli is t'.e pr..£^:c£ of pirlia- 

aent. Fro.Ti \hi moll tuily p,*n otH 

dovn to tile pr^^r.; :i.:k, :h: Co:;::non3 
bsve excrciicl x'•^t jv»^«». of Lxpui:iou ; 
a power wbich b%Ios^' t>-: t!-..::i ale;;;:; 
ana i:ie^ ntvir ripjw: .; t«i iv r.n r«*j r [ 
ICC le{:iii.»t:ure v/a» r.:.:;V.:ry to cr.'.bi^ 
tiw-n ro «?*''jv1 ^ mw -i-ii a.'. I .0 M;:\\vt 
.bis rs-clcition; nci* is t .-.ij a::v ajt of 
parli-t'iizn: <n*jrii >i !r»: :i.;i ';>-«■!«; i^? 
tbe cr:Ti-.9 ;'?.d c 7.- ■:..■ Tr." v. !.::h, ;i:d 
for which o i.'y, •.:: il;;:ij en cxp.i. 
Members have '*,-ii •..\ ••..']'': I for g-tTX 
vmri^y of o.T».r.:v:.. I:-. t':t '-ign r.f 
queen K;'"'vi », A:i:'.ur Il^Il, for 
"writinj; a Itbcl ::.;■.. r..t ( ;: I'p^ Lictr nnd 
ccher iDeint>et j, -v-i^ !n'ip:i.iin.d, fincii, 
Xbtctc J, s-Tt^i c:r of :: .'.ii Wlw^ a ineni- 
bcr of iht: iau-.ifc il;; 1 ^ ;; l!i-t inrlin- 
msnt-— Mr. \Viik.« ."..:d^;s, that his 
firH espuiuoD wa< chi.Hy g>'0'J:idcd on 
- what lie h'id wiitfn r.htivi- ro the maf- 
iacre (a^ he 10 ci!l it) in St 
■ GcoTgi's ri'rl.i'. Mr Wilk-s forgets 
that he was cxp^Uc:! liy th: 1j(1 piilla- 
jnint for feditioixi 3ii>1 trenfon^ibie libels, 
wbich otfcDCCi in ti;e d.-bifc upon hit 
fccBod capultion w. ic cxprelHy in..'ncion- 
cdf and in (iilcil u]>on as proci'i of his 
Lhfiuef:*, wd hi« iatc OiTciici:^ flievir- 

EliJIian fcr Mid Jiefcx j 3 7 

fd c'lit he wa* n t ir r'^e Nnft r^f: ni-'J. 
— *»'tct :i tT? ftr.8r ct' rne trpsimn' inl 
e!'c f..jt. I '\< V\k\:<c V.L Ccnimoni a« 
mou ju'Hy and cor.itru:icn*liy in ;*jf- 
f^m.-n of a po^^cr cf expul^n, \v,i:\.h 
nc'jedarily i;u:!'ji:?s th.i: cf pr rtn Iq|j 
tlie r(;>eLccl:ioii ouiin<; ihe !)^s?.rui"e of 
the Hoiif?. Em: Mr Wil^w a^vp'.als 
f.oni t'le Houie of C'oni;n'"i« to the 
fr«;:ci-Lrs of M:.Ml.ii:c, and zt rhc 
finic tf-n? r.pj>?jj? fo a nioT M^nr^rjUi, to rlu- :nch cf :'i;f cp::?:*. r;e 
In- veil, the raott i;.;nonin', ird inui. c t- 
rujircJ pirt of ihi pruj;ij. who h*v. no 
krowltdje ror cone ■;;>:! «i "f t?'r .r'l- 
ii./t, r.or lio i..ic.-.It ::;:>.-• irliK «i lu* 
ou--«tion< r'».u I'.:^'e b 'n :^'-i-»t.-.l ; -i^r 
aJ:e:Jv nt r.joa lI.v, ii tiu irlii. cf 
i:n.' citv-. tHtfv hj^c .It . ckcI :'if imr- 
Cii:inc> ct Lci^'^vr: ?.» ti.;.v v.w; .;.■.:"::; 
i.i the rr.o't d'i::fi;l m nn.:- to -I'lei* 

■ ih-nf^jb e.\:is^n him. -If in Lit p 1 vv. 
. Wi^at ihfv will do next, no be civ c<n 
■tell, ' c. D. 

To thh it Ttvr.f re^^lft-./. 

T'HAT thc'.'.-h the evR«.rAl ttnor of 

"*" t' wiitcT"* i-^.iioriiij; nuv bs "d- 

I'T'tl-'d : •!■» -•»•-**» ■■.! • -^ ■ ■■ ■■! n«< *»f*s.- '*— 

jiill, an I \u< iiu\icnv.t- t'uc, \\x ihr e 


rjem^r.y pscpii who ir.:i?i; no p.i,- i*i* 
the yiob ot liv: c:\pt.\L wl'.i thin-i ::if:v 
i? forne four.Jiiior. tar thi- prdlnL c '.•^- 
plaiiit. TUoy iW:'\< th n ilx m-li'ir.]. spin it Mr \Vi!-:ci wlt* ii-, lUuonfiKijiional, r.r. ! \:\ hi; p^ririi 
a \iohtion of die p.i;iicj».i of eiur 
rf.f iifhinsn. 

i ill) thii^k tl\-.: f;;'^*n:i.-J w^r/an*? '» 
f''.;:o ot pioumiul pLUcr u- ; r. i':,;.i.ii jf 
the jibtfitits of ail i-lnr!! 1 • lan. 

They think. th.\t the ul irj; of p";:5 
i;i :» ri^n's p'ivaic hiv.-.l \. f„,i^' of i-i.^i 
^:».n>!vi wciiiaiits, .ivA m.ik.iri; i: l' c.:", 
or intcndin-: to n:.:"ci' u.c of thcr.i :is 
cv!dt:ucs ilitMKllvf ,, OI as a JTIlM.I? of 
co'uir.jT at o:!ia- cw icnrc ajr;:ir.(l ;'.m 
pcnbn fo t:-cd:cJ. rjid i ■».;■,:•>■ maki".; i 
nun his own pccuftr, i^ i.:-,^ oir.lcit iv- 
ranny th?.t tlic ino»t .i.i)iiiU'v i^.jxern- 
incnt can excrcifc towrrils a fubjccl, and 
is a fhamc and d;firj-.-vcj lo hjiv 
tii-aiio:i who could advifc uijh a mcui'uK 
ill tliis land of I!lK:ty. 

AnJ thu? it is liuir oj i»'.ii>n, that r.f 
thefe luTt proctrduigj; aoniuli Mr Wiik.s 
were conftflVciliy iilri;d, uiuonl'ituiivmal, 
and oppjvffivc, every f»ibi-- nunt aot mi 
confc.jucnce thcpjot.'nn.l :i!l pioci'C*iia{;i 
grounded thci^on (Imwivrr i\"\;uirj" in 
other i-cfptil?) partaki- wf the HiTt error, 
and make the ofpr^oA vW it\\»\^ ^T^k^i- 

w -l . 

m M'ilfccoHfi/bfm'^^ Ekmoiifor RTiddldJ* 

bus,^ it Ihoi^d^feem' to have tfie fattj^idn 
of tKfclaw. ■ * , - '" 

This is tfic opinion of ccbl, difpaffio- 
natc inen, who allow the courts, of juf' 
tlce aiay have donf as they oujAt in all 
ttieir iiL'*eiin'rations; who auow that 
the I'loufeof Commons may Yiixt afted 
\\v^\\ and according to prcecdeDt,, 
when'any thing relatirc to Mr Wilkes 
has come before them j but who 'think 
that the original ir. jufiico ia the affair of 
Mr Wilkes has cbntaniiflia^ed all the 
fuMcquent proceed in^i^j and has turned 
the law, which is our fiiield and car 
buckler, info a dagger, wherewith to 
ftab the cohftitution of uifs country. 

D. Y. 
Farttet Otfem/atiom on fl'r W ilkes's 

tN dlie adveniiemcnt addi^HtJ to the 
* JrbehoWers of Middlefcx, lififncd John 
Wtikesy there is tliis remark ablo'c^fp 
Viz. *• l,y^ expelled a I'econd time, 
and ho rehfon 'whatever wis niligned.* 
The Hav after this re-cle^ion thr pivlctit 
idmini&*a:icn /ri ureJ a refnlut'ion that 
I waSli, ai.d am, ircn>:ible of t-^ingclcft- 
i?d a nteibtT to &i\c in the preftnt par- 
liamcnt^ and that a late cle^Uon cf a 
knight of th»5 (hire for the county of 
Mlddlefex, is a void ele^ion :— butj^cst 
. 'CeT:Hem£n^ di^enntHcd j'^r ytturfilvts^ 
and would not fuiivndcr your ii^ht of 

r ciioic (0 quote this pafTagc from 
IwHt vciy cxTi;.ordinary advctifemtnt^ 
prtfrrobfy to any other, hecaule this is 
coming to the pcittt at once, uppn which 
cvqrj' o;ie may join iflTu'e. 

7'Lc cjucftion therefore is, whether the 
Tfprefentativcs of the whole nation have 
intiinjed upon the rights of the frcc- 
Tioldtrs of f.iiddlcfcx j or, whether the 
elc^lcrs 'of that cmmty, who returned 
Mr V/iikcs, have attacked and violated 
the jtrivHegcs c^ the Conunons & parlia- 
. Wnt aflemblcd. 

This 13 a taie ftate of iht cafe ; for 
(without tnta-ing into that infolent ih- 
VcfUve aekTnft the d ignity c f the H o u 9 E , 
\Tiat udnifniih^tidn procured arefolutio'n) 
^c rcfolution was thatof aBritlAi Hcuje 
'of Commons, which they have a right 
to dccFarc, arid which eveiy true friend 
Vo ^he 'conftiuiiion is bound to fuprcir. 
It IS Yiot a contef! Jbctvx ccn th/6 fmhoidei-s 
of a comYty, aiid the minifters of the 
ctow'n, out tli'e inoll cA'ential privileges 
oT'oiTe chamber of parlianient'it the ub- 
jt<El;n difputc. 
"Thoft who arc at all acqtifar^tcd with 
, Vfe coYiftTrucon cf feh *i:cfiiiftfy ktfSwi, 
>jf m tfti^ «a{eJV^^Ihklrm>«L»?Hl^• 

coInp6^c tlie fuprcine aut1lortty,'lllrt« " 9 
in their feparate department*' p^cutii^' 
powers, 'bj' which fanion^ otli^ sfrfvan-i' 
tages) the boundaries of each art pk^ 
ierv^ hoiti any dangwtws eniJroach- 
ments, o^er (torn ihg common enemy, 
or from 'fetch other, Thefe are diftin*' 
guiflied by the name of prerogative ill 
uie crown \ and by dtat cf piivilege ifc* 
parliament. They are as much a pint 
of the law as the moft explicit ftatute'i 
and it IS the abufb of them^ ahd Aot 
&cir exiilcncc, which can be conti?^ 

No friend to fibcrty Will fever p^it 
the^e barritrrs to be bi^ken throiiglk or 
iniultcd ; for they are often the moft ef- 
feftuul ch?rk to the ambition of a def- 
potic miniftcr, and to the tyranhy of po- 
pular frenzy. 

Of tnis fort is diat privilege of par- 
liament, (feemindy contrary to the ideas 
of public j'tilicc) that the perfonl bF 
their members, exc^t in fome paitieuhr 
cafts, are exempt from arrcft ; tfife is a 
privile^ certainly fubjtfl to greitiftiift ; 
yti no good will ever»wiAp*to fte 
p.'ir!i?ment depiivcd of it j fjc it-mky^ 
in many critical periods, leictiw ■••Ham^ 
den, a Si<fney, and a KMeft fhitti thi 
unili'ft attacks of poiAreri thWgh Wr 
Wilkes mide a vei^ different mt of it, 
when he walked abroad under if s I'anc- 
Vion, i«i defiance of Ws'ntimeroos credi- 
tors, while matiy ail honeft, but Icfs qua- 
lified debtor, lay ftarvin|j in a ^ail. 

But if any jJrivil^ w pcc>iliarfy in- 
fepan^ble from a 'chsontierbf 'parliamci\t, 
it is that of prefcrvihjg its own Impor- 
tance, weight, and dignity full and cm. 
tire : Wherefore they are particularly 
called upon to exert that power Which 
the conftitution gives them, againft fu^h 
olf their body, whbfc ^rtcral condtA is 
a difgrace to their coinmunity, and'whOfe 
daily behaviour is a continued- inftih 
upon their authority. That the autha- 
rity of tlie Commons in paiiiament eijr- 
ttnds to \ht expulfion Of a rttembcr, i% 
not a point that will admrt'Txf diftnitft'^x 
If then they have a power to cxptf, they 
mil ft have a power lo tender th:it expui- 
fion ertc6lu3l ; for if the intent fef luch 
expulGon can be defeated by the obftina- 
'cy of a finj^lc County or Boixrtigjh, ^.t 
Houfe is Ifiot only difarmed of its imliie- 
diate authority, but it pvcs a fmall nuita- 
Wof eleflors, in their f<5>arate ftate, a 
. power Ibperior to the whole Commow 
of Hrcat Britain m Acir coll^ive, \ 
, i'hi: law '•xpi-cflly tnjdins* th:ft tVic 
V>^'^)n muiTTed to itrft ih ^Kan«rtty 

AtJtcHM^fthi imjivt EUahl^'' /Middlcfek. 189 

" ) mil an the hw be Froi. Atttt wordi I an iodnBd to 

' ' ' ~ '' believe that you never read ircbbilhof 

King'* State ^ tbi fntr/loMli m Jrt^ 
Ittxd widtr June* the Seconil. 

He tdU us, page S7, that ' whoever 

* Iinowi the conflitution oF EngCanJ 

* and Ireland miift obfervc that the lub* 
jefb have m »tbtr Tecuri^ for I~ 

fiflMrM w pbcc the iotapmaiioi 
TiMbAliMb and piupiieljr m the [ib»>:i 
■4 feme ftm hqndredi, pohapi bf » 
wKof indtviiUaU, canttsy to t)ie «- 
dmCi . (cnJc and Ibkinn iletbiation of 
ttd vfaok bodv af CoKOMn* in pirlia- 

Kntafinbkdr " Such a fuppMilion" 
' urn Mr WilkM'town wordt, " it 
1 lu inruh to coBunon fenibi an 
Itfiudilf fcnnly to be pauallekd/' 

• Ohm maec, let eveiy real aflmar of 
njiiir nghit remrmbcr, that there ii « 
law of parliament, as well ai a general 
lwi thKth^are equally a pin of the 
MoimUMB, aod that llie nnc cannot he 
Cibwlnl witlkiAit a iiianifelt violation of 
G. R. 

' the intcitif they have of cbujing tbiir 

* rtvfi rtprefcntatiTci in parliamenl. 

* Thii if the 'tnlj lorticr thi.-]r have a- 

■ gainll the enamchnienti of their gv- 
' vemon. Take it away, and ihejr are 

■ u alifulute (livci to the klng'i will, 
' and a) niifei'»1ilc at the pcaTutt in 
' France. Wbofvtr thertfore goes a- 
< bout to Jtprivt them of litis right, 
' utterly dcltroys the very connitudoR 

■ and foundation of the govcnunent.' 
This paflage from ai-chbiOtop King 

corr.purd with your pivlcnt attempt, 
and the words or that advertilcrnent to 
which your name Ts added, pcrfuade m* 
either that you have never read the x^ 
veitiCmeDt, or the arehbilhs|i. 

And yet there is another pillage in 
the Slate af' IrtlanJ, whicli inclines mc 
to fiippofe you are pretty wtll aeauaint- 
ed will) it ^ and that tlic |M>IiticaI fcnu- 
inents at luaft (if not the relipon) <^ 
yuur ancellors Jdfend to yuti with ilieir 
fortunes. The paHage 1 allude to is the 
following in pagi: 171, where we are 
told, ' There was a doubt mida in tha 
' Houfc of Commons about the Earl 

* of StraSord, whether he fliould be at- 

■ Uinted for eS^te and lif-:: Several 

* moved in hit bdialf, hut it was car- 

* lird againll him upon this cvii'cnce— 
' Colonel Simon LiTTTREi. aifirmtd 
' in the Houfe, that jf bad btardlht 
' king faj feme bard tbvigM ef him. The 
' king's plcafure therefore was ihc law 
' to which WE were to tnifl for our 

' iiig intireiy engr.iffed the power of 

* miking and itp.;aling !.iw», and d»- 
' voivedit on tlie kinj i ple:uurc.' 

But wbLthcr ycu a;v, or are not k- 
nuaintcd with tWc maiti-rt, I will give 
fome extrafti ficm this very valuable 
book ; and I will jnovi: 10 the county of 
Middldcx that j-o-.i arc not dtyntraied, 
but arc an ami»u!c and •vottny fon of 
that ainioble and w a: thy family — thi 


A FrrebtLUr. 
irbefi extraHi lyfter- 

' tiiiinb the following advertifement a[l- 
' Ibepipert: 

Xt ^Xitmtlimat, CItrgj, mdFretbal. 
itwi'^ th* Cum^f ^ Middlefvx. 

I fpBE Pouft of Coramoiii having ad- 
' ju^lJ Mr Wilkei incapable of 

bong elofttd to fervc in the pnlcnt par- 

Wmm^T^t^ ] piefumc to J<i4lKic your votes 

Ml inttrcft, tnd la rcqiiel) your early 

^irHdartf at Brentford in my favour 
I op the i^th of April, when the cl^flion 

■riU catt^ on. Pcntiit me to aluiit you 

Ihu if I have itie good furtune to lie 

th^en the re^Ielitative of thi; mv nu 

tite county, it Aall be my eamelf en- 

dmvDur to merit Co great an honour j 

Md I hope to preGn-rc your conlidence 

and elleam, not by profcfHcnt, calculat- 
ed only to millead the judgement, or in- 
fant the paflwns, but by 3. cot-.Aant and 

hmift dilchiree of my duty in parii.i- 

tnent 1 aporoMng niyfelf a linn fupp&rttr 

of the r^ti of my connituents, a ^fa- 
■knu pFomoter of their inlerclls, and a 
-nal htiend to the laws and conftitution 

■f my country. i am, 

CtMtltmen, •wili great ir Bit and rrJf^-S, 
t—r m'^ dtvated bumlU ftr-vani, 

*.A«d.'y-ftrtet. „ L. LuTTEBEL. 
March 14, 

T« this Advertifenient fucceeded the 

following Addrel's. 

Tb H^ney LirTTREL.a/L'uttrellhwn, 

LieuirneBt Lthxtl of Dregtant. 


TN your advert] jcmeot to the frechold- 

*■ tn rfMiddlefei you promilc to prove VTbefi txtraeli nfierviar,it afiter- 

jvmM£ a ^mfup farter if lit n/ibli if td; and they pniie aalj llii, ital let 
.jnrr nif/Humti, a aeaUus frunaur if em JJmiaiJIraiitit be ever j'l viic^ri/, 11 
■gbair inltre^i, and a real friend M tit wl/ntt tuant i/^ruaeau U ctar, tmt^' 
■'I^Kt^min^itMUm^jtMre»MMt^. fxttMtmt th wjl •u'tUoiiKiu tiiiYi;u.\ 

I90 Jlh Jitlt^Mtiffiw^ ^ifive EliSkn for Mid^i^x. . 

lie oArc^ what a handla-is :f^vax-^£UM^ 
thciii, 1^ nking up the vioes .qf^dicir 

Bj w<^ fj^ i^Jbrr'to tie 'firiggh^ Ad- 

dr§fi^ tame firth tbeJctlo^iMg Reply. 
TjilTlL /ratd^r I have always bc«n 
^ taught to rcipe£t a man of an mn- 
rieat tanil)ry at leaft have thought it a 
flea of ftieiity when joined to other good 
qualities : but I fee now fofficicnt resfofi 
to alter mv opinion, wbef^ I find the, ns 
wf the fathers are to be *uifited upmi tit 
tbiidnmf even to ibe tbird ajtd fiarfh 
generedhn \ as is fhewn in the cafe of 
Colonel Luttrel, the prcrent vffpnfular 
«S|ididate for Middlelcx. I do not yrt 
ebfarve any crime allcd^d a^inft thb 
colonel himil'if, cx?z'^t n:r> h::ng of a 
ilim fliape, anJ wearing a inicrhty fmall 
hat. But I find him abunc!antJy a^ufcS 
in the per(bn« of his anceilorSi one cf 
"wbom, ic lo?m^, did fomething amifs in 
the rrign of Jaint'? the fiift; :>iul ar j- 
ther about ninety y?ars ii^^o, i:'. th? rci^n 
of James ihe lecoml. And ti>r this ira- 
Ibn the good people i:^. this eo' arc to 
look upon him as a pcHon un\^*orthy to 
^ their rcprtliTtativc in parliament. 
If this is to become a prineipfe, a man 
«»f family: and forttinei* rcaily in a vvoifc 
:fttuation than a man doftitute of any 
pretenlW^nn to either. 

I make no doubt hut this new (peeies 
•f defamation i«The choice puxiucVion o( 
'feme of Mr \V.'» IcarAcd eoinmitrep, wix) 
©« all occafion*!, riuleavoiir to coinpafs 
ihcir prcfcnt purpofe, without ohlcrvin» 
to what their arginiients finally tcn<f 
Suppofc Colonel LuttnelPs progenttors fo 
ht men of the nioft pr\>fii{rat« caR j fay 
they hivc hrren blafphcnrcntof God) ene- 
mies to tl)e king, ]icx>p]e 1\ilMi(liv»g«^li 
the rspire and |»l«nfd<T of the ^••lic, 
and rcgaix?l6r* df &ni\y tyc olmortl 
honefty, have wt net the e ifenj^c of sll 
thefc criWK* in the p-.trit)! himlelf ? Has 
he not done ftil t-wfe thin^ ? If the ca- 
lonel it fo be bJ anted tor the victr^i of 
his fbrefi«l»fr?, h«w can that nwin arte 
your fupport, tvfio is eonf.^fledly guilty 
of them ai) in his own peribn ? T think 
thell" aMHOu^ defamcrs wcuhl do wjII 
to con*":der, thit ilvough thoy may ponl- 
Wy do tlifir pMron a fcr\'icc frr th^ prc- 
fcnt, je: -f th'-yc.^n odrt' lilh a princIpJe, 
thit a man fho-jtd be anf'.vcralHe {or the 
crim*.^ of h'« n.nct:rif)»s, th^y will do an 
jrretMr..' \z in;i;ri- to ins delci-nd^rit^. 
Almo'.igh it inyy be ;m uitei* impofiibi- 
lity to ur^e rny thing npinlt Mr \V,'s 
family hr" tf the time of his grand/a- 
i&/T, vet if his dcfccndnnts hep up their 
j^nefikf^y i-icy will in a ferics 6/ years 

ic from 'A a::neijt f:»'rily ; and '^^ (ort^ 
i;i?«.:r'.:'i >'cars henic, •''nv e,f hi" pfi^e* 
'mey JhoiL'd /jcroniecamlwlafcj? for a |>rtb- 

great ^^vandfather} and pcihaps with thie 
lame iDtalUcc at ihefi; invcdivcs are ^t 
}>reftnt thrown out a^funft the colonel \ 
for in (q long a ^«riod, die family may fo 
far ckinge their nature, that it is pofbbib 
they may be endowed with fomc fcnu- 
nients of juftioe and conmion hundlj^ 
I hope the freeholders will not be let 
agairiit the colonel for the crimes ot^ ,U» 
■ancciiors, nor be hiailed in Mr W.S 
favour for his own vices. R. T. 

To rtzvc any farther notice of. t^ 
peribnal abulc that palled upon tiiis oc- 
ca>>oH, the next tiling worthy notice was 
Ml Koche*s advcrtillmcnt to the fi^v 
holders, in thefe words : 

To (hi Genllemenf Clergy and, Free^ 
holier s of the County of Midt2k:'cx. 


TTIIE Houfb of Commons netYiicilttA 
."'Ij'.n'iged rr.e^ ineapal'Ie of f^inj 
eleftcd Uiferve in the prcfOnt parlitocnt, 
I tbcrrfore prcfumc to follictt j-our vdlef 
and intci^fi, and to reijueft you^ early 
attendance in my favour on the i^th of 
April at Brentford, where vifret dlc^Io'n 
JbouU co:r.c on. Pcnnit fnc to afRife 
you, ihat if I have the jo'.d fJjrtuhe to 
hcJcrAsdm the place ci the rc^/cfcnta- 
iivt of till 8 c«junc}', it fliali be my t?ar- 
nclt endeavour to merit alt tte tcMur I 
Jball j^et by ii : «nd I hope to prcftive 
as much as I i-vcr lad ofyawr ccnS- 
dence and entiem, not by my proftinon^, 
calculated only to miil^ad the JT^dgcTf.^rit 
and ill Hume toe [^jifiionK, but by a ton- 
ftant and hcndl difcharge of my' duty 
in poll lament, as far as moy he cohjijt" 
eat iLifb my ^L-ty in a niilit-rj- ca]pacitjr, 
ivbfcb is of itfff fufficient to app:6vc me 
a finn fupportcr of the civil rights 6f 
my conftituents, a at.ilous promoter of 
their civil intciefts, r.nd a real 'fnen'H 
to the 1.1WA and aVi/cirriflitutioncf my 
countiy. I am, gcrtt'emcn, w'lWi gr^at 
truth and refpett^ your moft de\'oted 
humble firvant. 

l>a.k-lt.cct, Wcft^iinftcr.p^^. j^^^,,^" 
/ipiU4) 1769. 

Thcfc were followed by a new Ad- 

diefs tro=n Mr Wilkes. 

TV tic GetitUtnen^ CUrgy^ and Free- 
bolder s tf tbe County qj Mlddlefcx.. 


oFNCE an oppofition to oiz has been 
^ declared by a minitlerial gentlenaaa, 
-whoCt* Je?t in parUamcnt is pnipoTtiy va- 
cated by the acceptance of an infignin- 


Aifjfteetmtvf'tbe detifise Ek^kn for Mkldtofejb 1 9 1 


tci&j; ilblidTed fay Komt rcfpcAable free- 
bfders,'! find that the old aitifice of 
liitine another cartdidatv ts renewed, 
trifh ftb hope of ^itlrt!g row, and t)f 
I -tnwing your attmtion from tire vtil oh- 
I jc^ oftnis ■ ftrtTKie, vfr.jrh" \i bcrsecn 
I 1M tfleftors of Great Kiitrin, ar.d the 
iflfalaEtf po'ver of achni niftration. Seve- 
r;} Bi^ptlemiui, warm friends fur the 
iiiiiSaepi'cf ^efohjefl, have liern fbon^.- 
if Ultifited by the emUruici of tlic an- 
sitfay, to accept a fvcc in p.ii Itrrment by 
vour iikc-uis. Th«' hiv:^ not, ho^tvcr, 
Iccn lHc dupn of this plan of dc:eit< 
Tftey h^Ve fpuvned at the treachcroui 
propaihl. I itjorc?, thlt a peifc£i union 
•Tieiminent, on this fubjc^, pevails in 
ihiolt 'c7zty pnrt of the cciinty. The 
qUbftioii now is well undenlood to l)c, 
TAX who fhall reprefent the county, hut 
I wQwihor you, ths e!c£lors, h.ivc thj light 
I 4.ttWMa^ . yo'jr own r«prert-utati\c to 
I paiBi^^t. I am lure you will never 
Ciw W that ri^litj nor quit the public 
gjBQii^.on vrhicb you ftand. it is of 
4p,iHghKft iinportrince to every eleflor 
in the kisg(!oin, thit after tho late at' 
(cmpt to 10b you of ihis n^bt> it fliould 
be aci^RovvI edged and cliabliihcd. You 
have rcpeatCiUy and ununimoufiydfnicx!, 
th2tany.o*iC part of the !i>rlila(u re could 
dfprive you of yo^ir choice ; and this in 
t xnana.?r moll obliging and Iionourable 
ti»izK. If t>icn another c.inJiihte could 
at thiis lime* by any means, be brought 
into pariianicnt ior the county, the mi- 
Jiiftn* wouiii liicccal in ihtir attack, and 
vou v«"w»Jd ;ipp','xr to iic.jiiicfcc in .ui i!- 
Lgal cl:iirii. \'ou nv.y n4}w have the 
gtocy of biin«p*r.;]f tlii*; national cauic to 
a.^cilJQn» of eilabli filing the j;:d claims 
of En;;Jiihmw'n on fo ihlid a foundaiiion, 
as nevor again to be Huikt-n, of pix,-\'cnt- 
in£r the fi^ciifice of this enfcntial right, 
and of making a fat^l p: rc^dcnt agaii;i*t 
younl-lvci and yoiu* ^kjIlcj iiy. 
The attention of the public is fixed 
©n you, and the importance of the caule 
lui l]-.rc:id a jjin-jral anxitty fer t!ie event 
of n:xt TIr:riliav, I conrrr.itulafe the 
people, that t'le fj'.'eholiicrs of IvljiiJIc- 
fex arc CilL-d to A md forth, for I 
know your vigil:' ncc -and nn',!'".Tntv.'d fjpi- 
rit in the defence of our common tibor- 
Vf. May fuch cifort*: be cio'.v.icd with 

\^V:ft iTiha*>it.;rr> of trrc w-Jjoi? Bri:i»h 
efnjkircf. I ;Mn^ Otibtlcinen^ with ti-ue 

rrff^l, your faithful, and obliged hum- 

The perional AddKA to the C«lon«l 
by n.iMC, and this new Addrefs from Mr 
Wilkes produced a new Addrel« from 

Colon. 1 Luitiel. 

7(7 tiic Otfiihjiiiftt CUryry^ and Five* 

I' ct' tki C\u/:tj cf Middlefex. 
Of '::l- mrny 
T^HUUUli the near approach cf thf ■ 
■*• elcaion obli^^^ me to poftpone the 
aprcc-blL" duty cf pa>ing my perfonal 
rcJjx^iw to every fpcchohUr, yet the vor^ 
genciou3 and ipiritcd encouragement I* 
have received, hlls mc with the deepeft 
fwnfe of giati tilde ; cTpccially as no ait 
ha.1 been omitted, a^ no llandcr has been 
ip ired, to prejudice me in the opinion of 
the public. Thcic attempts, however^ 
ioeiTcihial as they are baic, 1 have treats 
ed with lilent contempt ; their malcvo- 
K-noc can only be equ:Ulcd by their ab- 
I'nnlity ; and I feel ibmc coniblution on 
King placed on the roll of dctraftion, 
v/idi the nio(^ exemplary, the mo(( vc- 
ncrablt:, and the ir.olt lacred chji'a6h:rt 
of my country. 

Had I on tliis occafion efcapcd tha 
rage of my opjH)nent5, I fhoukl Ijc aj)- 
prchcnlive that 1 had hitherto miilakcn 
their rt:d principk-'i. Bur, indceil, I do 
not wonder that thev fliould aHcdi prx>- 
dit^ious fulicitudc for your privilege* 
when diey want to monopolize the hrft 
county in Kivgland j nor do I wonder 
wli:n dicy tcriiiV the fnxhoKlcr; from 
voiiii*;, rh'ii t.hi.y tr:u:nj hantly dechuin 
on tiiC un(.xanip!(.il unanluiiiy of elec- 
tion. And yjr, pcih:--);;, a b-jhaviour 
tolorably dca-nt, inlHit ih; ».-xj)ec'tcd from 
men, p:ofvii'c:l!y a; averl:- to iritiir.idation 
a^ lo cor»"upiIo»i ; fu»»u mtn, w)i>lL' glo- 
ry it is- to ni.ii-.'.tii.i the of elec- 
tion, and th'.'ir irrellitnt bo-.»fl an imai- 
tw;::L'!e attachmc/.t fi the conllit'ition-d 
rl;;hrs ef every in-.i-vidjal of th.- com- 

Was 'C.\n calumny of my tni'init':; di- 
re^: cd IhlJy ago in It inylVlf, \ niouid be 
railur icniible cf p'...'.f\'.e thir. j.n-. afi- 
ncl'<, e\cn in tli? mull- niaiicio;i.i mo- 
ments of thci." diiriclitr:. Jiiit I own 
I am deeply a.'.\:aed, t-ut the njotVflioa 
of a ibldier fhoiUl bo de. JVid mcomna- 
tible with the d'tti-ts cf :i rood citi/tn ; 
and wliCii I heJJT i; un:ji.:i y.^M!jv :'.«; r • -1, 
that I'.toie w'noli: i?y^;s i-'^j rr.rrc i ;i .:;;■•■. Ji- 
ate'y devoted to t:.. iii*;r- /-f 
country, *!|ijit J)j ;-:i-. w^i'Ji; Li ::0;"Ld 

yfo ^^rctt»/ </ the decffive BeOionfcr Middlefer. 


It i« neceffary for m« to add, that my 
aaions fhsdl always correfpond with my ' 
wofds ; and on every occafion nian«eft 
an inflexible regard tor your rights, rhe 
day of clcaion U near at hand, and let 
ctcry freeholder, whether he dcfigns to 
tionoHr mc with hi« voice, or to favour 
the pretenfions of my compeutors, ap^ 
proachtht huttings without apprehen- 
fion, and ftilfil the duty o\ an upright 

Every care will be taken to enforce 
the laws of the land, (Ircngthcnrd by 
the fcafonablc attention of parliament. 
I Oiall Hatter myfclf, gentlemen, with the 
pleafing expeaation of meeting vou 
Srly on Tlwrfday next, prqKircd to 
teftiiVf by your numerous appearance, a 
due ftgwd to your own conftitu^iopal 
tnivil^es, Jmd an honcft abhorrence of 
Siat licentooufiicfe, which has but too 
long difturbed the tranqudity of your 
country I am, gentlemen, wiA great 
truth and refpea, your moll dpvoted 
bumble fcrvant. 

Henry Lawes Luttrjl, 

Of the fpccit^s of ridicule that ap- 
Beared upon this occafion, the following, 
infcrted in the Gazetteer Uic day before 
the eleaion, may fcrve as a fpecimcn : 
f om */ « Orand Procefllon to Brent- 
ford, as intitidedto hi wade To-morrow 
On the fide of Frec^qm. 

The prefent worthy I.— M^ -'s mufic, 

playin? Handel's ;■ avountc air on Li- 
berty, and Riitons never will be Haves. 
A. FR*choldcrs, with ftandavds of Blue 
filk, infcribed irilkeiy the ch;implon of 


Two printers. 

Two Patriots— 5'tfau^i/^i:^fc To'Mn/hend 
Mr Wilkes's folicitor.— Mr Rej^mUs, 

Capt. Men^hy proxy. 
The Gbtfis of Clarke and Hofkini. 
8000 JtiiruSittg Liverymen, 
Another Band of Mujic. 
A Publifher of Liberty. 
The Mailer of the London Tavern. 
The Keverend Mr Home. 
45 Independent Gentlemen. 
Sir Jofeph Mawbcy, bearing a copy of 
^t Bill of Rights. ,., 

into rrecholdcrs, wi-'i Freedom in their 
heaits, and blue cockades m their 
hats, ftamped BUI of Rights and Mag^ 
na Cbarta in letters of cold. 
j.r Thouftnd of his Majcfty's loyal fub- 
** jeas. 

On the fids of Sla\-er>'. 
Nine Scotch bflgpil^ers, pJ.Tving TJ# 
^vwers of Edinkur^l-» and Ticklt mt 

I a Placemen, with flags of Scotch pla^. 

infcribed L ll, the Tooji of tfM 


Two Evidences. 

Two Tools—? r and D j r. 

The f r to the ••*•*♦. 

Capt. M y of the Third Regiment., 

Two ^9ii>;— Balfe and Mac (^irk. 

800 AJdr effing merchants, Jews, PedUr«, 

and Bankrupts. , 

Anotlier Band pf Blaciwaards. 

The Printer of the ■ of Slavtrj* 

The M 1 of the King's Bench. 

The Amorous Mr L*-—!!* 
9 Dependent Peniioners. 

Mr B m, bearing a copy of the -•— r- 


50 cowardly freeholders, who are ttfltoM* 

ed or afraid of aflcrting their vw$^ 


45 <|ozcn of the lowefl and mianef ^i 

all human creatures. 

On the day of election the poll was 
opened with greater Rffularity, and wa^ 
chrried on with more decorum than had 
ever been obferved on any like occafion. 
On clofmg the books, th^ qumbert were 
declared to be, 

For Mr Wjlkes 1143, 

Fpr Colonel LuttreU a9(. 

For Mr Whitaker 5. 

Before tlie eleftion came on, Mr 
Roche declared he had no intention of 
oppofing Mr Wilkes, and declined, and 
Mr Serjeant W hi taker, for what realbn " 
is not very cafy to guefsi declared himfelf 
a candidate, and as above h»i five votes. 

The next day the elettion of Mr 
Wilkes was declaimed NULL and void. 
An4 the day after that, colonel Luttrell 
was declared duly elected, and hat 
fince taken his feat fwr the county of 
Middlcioc accordingly. 

\Thofe who have had no opporttinitj 
of reading tuhat paffed npoft this memo- 
rable occafion^ ivttl not think this aC' 
count tedious ; thofc nvho ha've befort 
read every thing relating to it, ivill^ nut 
hope, think this Jketcb -worth f referring.} 

A Vindication of the />— of G , in 

anftver to a Letter figned Junius. 

THE Letter of Justus addreflcd to 
the D— of G — ; — (fej5 p, ijS.) 
has produced a vindication of his Grace in 
a pamphlet of 47 pages, by one who calla 
himfelf a Volunteer in thefcrvice tf gOt.. 
^vtrnment, and takes God to witnc& tha|.. 
ncidicr his Grace, nor anv other fervant ' 
of the a-own has the leaft intimation ot^ 
knowledge of it. This gen^an Jj^i^! 
«Btcred iwly into the meiiu or the ciHp«^ 


■> A yhJitatisH ef tte D. c/ G n 

be p&ttd U'titr iicc«u=*. •A I'm nticitttr ^ 
uJ e*&f»S.ot foec snJ bcntvuiencK 
ID ibit of A; kirt^ II Jonlui iw» ad- 

TttoJ.-Hi'-il/^Ai-ai luf;;^; for it it 
ji ni« h tli= .lull' uf J miwlUr to aiJ'-iie 

n --.-li-.. ■ 1 -.1 in flicfomuri <»J h» 
I ' t lu bvr ID tliE prulc 
. . ■ . . . ■ !L<..a iJit uoe, full a» 
r.- i :•. ir. r ,. biiiiur (lul nuy be lud 
CO ih< iKlirr. 

..Zla .^njjnanut s^ ^f hi! Ciscc'i 
4MnHln^i>nT ■Eluded (u by Junitt*. dx 
mk*un i3»p»oi« J«i 

■1^. Tkit <A>!e luiiigslal *A of juilnic 
VtMh.tte&rtt :uh1 molt inrulcni o) oil 

kimfclf, antt 

». rhii a3 "/ M/r(,wt,kh Junius 
huwi^ the iWea cf bi*iUft. 

A> Ml tile apjvinnce of pciiunal iD' 
teccft a^d perkooil EBimty ujitraiiiig, m 

iiirit.iRE<3a or enmity aa be fupp^l^ 
M«Kiiii ^uU il be true, tiul tnc cii- 
niiaal tas i.tEbul>»l that ^ujritr by Uie 
vdsd x^iciliuiu in ibe inoff tendn* paint, 
apMntUK) tjtrcd tube in\i 
iiTli h I III! DJlion upon e.iith, except our 
aimi, HnXjJd hive bom ta be attempted i 
■!■( w.Miis pui~pole lie li-ul amuli-d, in- 
flimed, aud bewilcfaedthe loinda of Ilie 
yomg ##4 livejy, by the inoft viilKinout 
utll jsaA 'ofeiul inuEndo*, Ibi^tui-cs, 
aqd intBTiticuUun*, on an imtniarle 
w^di ^laa bccii Jblcly fuunded o;i tile 
ingftqwcpiand moft Tirtuuus madvui 
i^tf Acli ui'DKi'ted Mid iuip<nllcled 
{■dVKc^o'i, k— p nitid either bu i'up- 

of llie deepJi noprdSaa 
f^TM^ caj't. It muit have o 

ily^nce, tkit the litter' 
"ow, in coroparifon to the 

'hu he wi* a lowbred, ill- 

a^flvfect, anhapny wretch, who, fiuin be- 
MOTeJbj hiibettera,iofcverajcon- 
i^jRoDi. Ill act according to tKeir 
fj^ camnund^, nith the uuiioll 
*^--l'liid taken it for granted, lliai 
jijilibeS' of ail cic&an t!i»Vai 
i!ii tc** of '&: " Jail. " Tfiiii 
f&cM. A/ii^, yjpryj, j^iy.; 

er<r mltradni ; ifi>ec^i!lv, by Snfcl!« 
£0 ooJuU^v* bitfv, of whwh ihe fT^JB 
who rcecncd II, WW ijScnvJ lu tn^c Oiblf 
xod wbelV *eMti, l>y |hc (a(e«cr> 1%" 
^eft, int decnicd viiljid iMirdab}' ^ 
peifoii or pertbnt SBiiR>4t«. T^l*b 
noewkhAaiidinf ifa-s rcrdiA, di4/uu<!<i 
wfw had artciided ttiin bcfoic |>e dir^ 

had intomied die S y fi^T^!) 

thai ht WM of • Tcry difiVreni opOMMW 
Th^ nioreota. the o^prt u:;!^ 
zwirr of hivni^ W aay diu<i> m liiaf 
p Tticulii le^ijuiti and v>^ fo lutle 
ipprehdirine of tul»r(b-* Co be nudf 
attrt- (he indJMduaJi of ait eltiUva lioq 
ttni he had not uoly niiuwdito ti>e bu- 
f^neT^ gf Kii legal calling, but had had 
tht impnideDce, to conwrb pa whpiiM 
hud (kiue, w^ hU fiimdv >bd ac^qaia- 
tince. Tli=t Immj: rail vviih '» pcnplt 
who b/ hit ^;r7h 2!iil iijipfaiTTiiCi'i w '^ A 
gentlosan j and whom fie had Aye4 fi«a 
a blow, wbich nuffht have proved M fa- 
tal aa theothcri ne had not fcrapled to 
accqii of hi) tiSer, «f treaung ban «k% 
Ibme liquor by way of gratitude ; nor 
of rdjung to him whMner be ki>^ 
of the riot, and of hii owd iiMt in it. 
That he liail been aamefully betrayed 
by thii pretended grateful gentleman. 
That he^ad ud Gwncr been nude fen- 
libte, by hi* impending &tc, of the un- 
liwAilncli and crimiiMlitr of ihi« ele(> 
tion bulincf', but he bad cried out for 
meicy, with proniilct of never beirg 
eoilty of the lixe (or the Aiture. .That 
ne hid not been i'ndi£tcd, and mnilcmn- 
rd for murder, but for udmjc ud ahei- 
tingjn it. Tfau theTc and inMf othpr 

— * did ceiTainly plead in hi» 

tlicD, that bt) trial, and 
had been atton^, witj)^ 
circuraltance* on the part pf the audi- 
. jcc, which had Ihockcil aU' deoMcy ii)d. 
Iiumanity ; and h£> fhcwi),; at. the itqit 
time, liicb ( l^rit of itfcntqmK^HT^ji^- 
rauation in tltoTe' whoh34-b<Rni,t^F,o^ 
ponestf of tli« candidaEq, .^'fi^' '4n'9'}i 
ne bad f|ie>led by liii mircon''uA, ** wA 
liijihlyand cnniually .rtHefftii^^n t^ 
»^pie((^\ ai if the ntKaym-.!^ >lll^ 

fice to Iilkrty, faTfely tKtt^(;^;tj|..V 
inj tired V; govcnyiMM altti. TMt'a>n 

latter ^wa$ a nettling occurT<;ncc. Thit 
itSwai Vii d^bgtro'us for t'.ic'Ptf — -— y to 
ebondbn ihfs" poor fellow to the fcvcrity 
of the law J as to givt way lo the cir- 
cTimftahces which picjdeU for hi^ par- 
'don. That if h^ was hangct!, the cufty 
difturbers of ihc publick ti*anqnillity 

would not fuil to %, the M y 

had been '.jfi-aid to lay his cafe bcfoi-e 
the K-^ — g; and liad facrificed thfc poor 
fellow, to their. fear of ihewing him to be 
their owui tool, by recoiuincnuing hiiiji to 
the R-4 mcicy. That if, on die other 
hand, they cornplicd with the duties of 
their ftations, in la)Sng before the IC — g, 
the in'^crcclTicns that were made in his 
Inrhalf, with tlio clrcuiiillanccs upon 
V/hich the}' were founded j the time re- 
yilcrs of government woufd not fad to 

lay, in caic hi i M y Ihould grant his 

pardon, that this royal atl was a con- 
trivance of their own, to fave their tool 
from tlje gallows ; and to bind him there- 
by to fecrely. Th ".t in good policy, the 
latter wa«, however, prcfjrabli: to the 
otlicr. That if the man was hanged, 
the rafcals could make him make a dy- 
ing fpeech of tiitir own invention, pre- 
tending it* to have been conveyed to them 
one way or other . That on the contra- 
r\', if he was kept alive, and fct ai li- 
beiiy, it would not bu fo eafy for them 
to engage .i nian, who had once cfca|>ed 
fo nanowly the pjv'er of ihc liw, to 
ftand the chanc^* of being tried for jK'r- 
jury. Km aft.r all, tiv.'t lionifty was 
the beft p>ilcy, and that therefore the 
moll eligll)Ie of ;ill wa*?, ^o pay no at- 
tention to whatever the malire of others, 
*cr one's ov/n iutvTCll mii^ht Aigrjeft j but 
to ktcpup to ihe ru'usof o'licj, .\s well as 
lo thole of juiiice ;ir.ii humanily: to 
let the applicaiioiis for m.rcy take their 
natural cuun'e to i'.»ei:uonc, full as much 
as thoil for jullicc hid dons to the bar : 
to let: the circi:i'.i!'.s arutiO'cd, be re- 
fenxd, to while .er pei-lon-', co".:rts, or 
oiPicci, WLic cnii'.Ld to report on the 

fame ; nnd lo let Ills M y dctennine 

from lluiue, ;u cord ng to thed»6l.itcs of 
his own w I'dom, j-iliic;., anil clemency. 

I ill ill theier'oic, fav.s ilii^ Volunteer, 
leave it to the public to judiie, wlictliei- 
they oui;hi not to defpife, and even to de- 
tcft'x-.d aLhor tii: fifcinatinrj powers of 
Junius's infem.d p:n : ;uid not fuffer 
themfclves to be atir:u:tcdby the deceitful 
colour ai'.d favour of t«ie m-'ft fubtle 
and penetrating pollon that was ever in- 
, vea.ed^, except by that rucli fiend of his 
Ling and coinir}-. to whofe luciety, and 
iits.jbcicty alone, Junius defer^'es to be 
cojj/Intd tor ever, by inch a punilhracnt 

as in juilice anil ^ood ^Yizj^ifjfft'pg 
iatVf ought to be infli&cdpn c?ci7')ju&, 
who'fc powerful talents,' of whit ftkuj^ 
focvcr, arconh' cmployedttf 'the Scftfiic- 
tion oF civil fotiety, and the fubyctiiort 
of a ftate. 

\Vith reftca to Mr Wlllwcfe;, dK 
volunteer 'acknowledges, 'that the ' Dule 
was one of his betters, that ha.df oncfc 
Ijten his frienti j that he had not Ibru:- 

plcd when S ^ — y cf S— te to joip 

his purfe to thoio of others to maik- 
lain tJifiailpfit in his ovm cxpenfive wa^y 
whilft he was conftdciYd as an outlaw ; 
fctu that bein^ at laft convinced of l^ 
apparent rcfolution of this dcfperate cri- 
minal to attempt as far as he could, the 
hi in of his country, in order to gratify 
his own extravagant pi'otligality and 
Catalinlan ambition, he bad i efolved, i ji 
his turn, not only totally to abandon hii^ 
to the pervci-fity of his nature, ami to thfc 
. tremendous confeCjUcnres of his dcfperate 
condu6l, but to a£l the* part of a ipoft 
faithful and mod zealous fervint of the 
clx^vn ; of one of the gu'aidiahs of the 
conftitution ; and of ond of the reftoren 
of the public ti-am|uility j to the terjipr 
and dcftiTiclion cf tJiis and every other 
fcditions fiixbi*and,' who fliould continue 
to neivert and iiifijme the minds of his 
m-.ijcfty's unguarded lubjeils. — Trotn this 
jhort jptcimnii the ammon ffttji^ ^K^^^y 
and jfood nature cf this Vduntecr in tbt 
go^irnmcnV s fer^v'ue may be coUiSed'. 

[This Vindic:ition, hovi^ever, like that 

of Sir William D r*8, (fee p. 73.) 

feived only to fcaibn the gall of Juniut 
wiih more bitternefs. iiis fubitqucnt 
addrel!* to his Givce is more animated than 
any of liis fv)i-mer, and ii as follows :} 

To his Grace the D — 0/ O . 

I Have fo j^CKid an opinion of your 
dace's dirceinmcni, that when ilie 
author of tile Vjiuii.Lition of your con- 
du^ alTurcs us tlut he wiites from his 
own mere motion, without the lea(t 
authoiity from your Grace, I fhouI(f 
be ready cncueh lo believe him^ but 
foi' one fatal maik, which fecms to b([j 
(iXvd upon every incalurc, in yirhich ci- 
ther your penbnal or your political cha-, 
raMer is concerned. Your fiift attempt 
to fupport Sir VViiilani Proclor ended( 
in the elciStlon of Mr Wiltesj the fe^ 
cond cnluied lucccfs to Mr Glynn*. 
'I he extraordinary Hep you took to 
nsake Sir James Lowilur lord paransoiin : 
of Cunibcrlund, bus ruined hii^ interet ;' 
in' that county for ever, The'houfe lijt 
of directors was curfed witb.the'conciiiw 
rence of government} and eVcn'th'enili- 


4fuhftqiuKt Addrefs ef Junius to the D. of G- 

'^.ID — gV— J couM not cfcape tli< 
onuiK M four dace's proic£Ui<ii. 

K thiiunift 
R Wlthorircd to (uli'M'), thit when 
^bdid vinil!<atio;i bf yntit piinci- 
ud«M»duA in irality cotit-.iiis th- 
k«ft refleftiont ii)>(>n bcih, it coiiltl 
MTe been writicr, witlioui jour im- 
«e direaion aa.'. .i^riiince. The 
ur ind^d ci1i> Go-I to witncft fi>r 
with all the llnceiity, and in [h* 
units of an IiiDi evidcnct, la itf 
fbii laitvhtlgt bhJ iiliej'. Mj lord, 
diauld not ercotli.igc thefi; appeals 
ElKD. The )>iuiit I'tiiicc, Tom 
" " r fitp/aleu lo dtfc'.Tid, 


.t A, nil' 

winch ilic 


affJTv uH-ful p.irtifan, i 

l..nfrom [luliiic juliit.-. 
fuil ijiinl, jou [iivftrracj j 


fvi-ndiJ \ 
..lily moi'i 

I hsv. ■ 

iifii-it i 



ulilch IhoulJ I 

IS.- I'Uhi.c. 

,te T<-pv..acl-.';i 
ir.TfJl in i:iL- 

iifi of (hem ill hi* lif.i 

condud, yti )i.ur advr 
inc wiiit haviii); dw.ti.' 
l«niceof liditiiiii. Y< ur ur.ire can 
inform u«, f.w wMeh of Mr \\\A: 
gufid <iu^l>iir< ycu liift hcnomtl 
Willi your tii^i:>!ihip, ur how h t., 
lias iKfarc yi-i t!ri:i.»xn.u thv:t 
"■ ■■■ ■- ■■ 

ic dKlaradoM, that M \.:i\ tiK |>ii< 
lb found it nculfaiy to aj^nl !>■ 
!■ in ibeir turn. Yi-ui ailn.ii.lflr.i- 
bu driven u» into clrcu;ril,im-» >■{ 

diftrcrii— be«ailr.: I.:.Jt hu» >uti 
id lit of the rciiK.ty. 
lu have alreaiiy imich to anfwcr 

You have |>r>ivok>il Ttiii unhap|>y 

Uic life. III I'piic iif hii yr-r.n .<iiJ 
litlcK, and to Huw IIS tli.ii. a< yoTi 
Vlf art a llnnrl'<i' inltjiici: ofvuuih 
lut "fnilir, tht mm, who defciuU 
i* a no W:', r.mriil ah<F i-xur.if k cf 
Hthout ii.i hi-ntfit of citjeii.iictf. 
illow fiich a wriii r miimlily wu4il>l, 
lit own periml*, br a l.ibocr with- 
id. The ru%i.-a too, l...sbtenaj. 
'4il<iillc<l, anil is fiiRi .-icniry un- 
od. I cannot hdp oHfrTinc hnw- 
that, when the (.anion of M-Qiiirk, 
Ik princip;:] ch4i|[v 3s;ninft yen, ii 
I fcaT2 Ise^-n l>i!t a decent c'uiiii>li- 
tsyoiii (iiacLi undci'll'initin^, to 
kfmdid you uponyi;iiruwn piiii- 
. What.TKditi1.iisa man dcltrrc, 
kIU U-, phinlv. 111.;' Ihe latl, let 

liV.|.y WIS Llfi;:.: ,1. K, ■ , 

t.oiJ, th.,i V u .1. :«.,. .', -.. 

iwUiiM.Wi:;. Ni.;i;-if 

I:iltinftaii;c ytii h;iJL.'v,n usoraiiiu- 
poloiis regiii'-d lo dil-oni'ii, is uriwJ 
with the brrach <i' j niuul iI.lij.Liii n ! 
Formy cwn psrt, nirlti'd, I amprouJ 
( • afli.m, )h.nt, if I'h d bi^n wi'^ik e- 
Hn-jgh to form .ii. h a fii.iiiirtiij., I wou'd 
i.i.'vi:r huY.; l.ccn biic cnoiirli to iieirty 
r Wiik..-.-. cL'raa^r U 

av, ihiitat k'. 

r-iL-d ■-'. he is 


-ri'd t. 

ii'-f <ii.adki him. 
rheptOLil-ufln. land have too inucti 
Hie mil 111'. ■ loiimi-rrukrOi-'.i; to tiles 
iKsnMgc of till f?.il;n;» of .- private 
i:iriiai:r Eo lilablilh a i.rreu'ent, 1^ 
-j.ich (he public liheiiy u in.vUi), and 
l.ifh yon i"-n- b ivat:cr, wiiii i-qiwl 
til- and f ::). fiietioii, vn^pl.-y in th* 
:iin of men In tl'.e kJRgdom. 
'iiiitcnt ycuilc'f, my Lmd, wilii the 
i;iny adv.ii'i.'^i-t, uhicli die uniullicd 
uiiiyol your cwn cL-u-aiter h s ^ivcm 
iiu ovir yjtir imhippv dftlitcd fijind. 
ivaii yiiiiTi'-if of ail tfie unforpving pi- 
V cf the cmiit ytu live in, and bU\t 

Gnd that 

yalbrcia, i.:;;! i: 

oi ■■ ttn jjid !■;- 

I Portion, n, 

u. .n.,jiHy Vo 

u fte, my^l. 

ni thii pulilii 

*en your fntml 

. fiinil .Irfeiid 

tl^'Ilne;. till- 1 

aflioni wilhniil 

changing y<,iir 

f.irh may bt 

pies, nor iullify. 
f govemmi:nt, wil 

1 il-.iibirate in.-s- 

and thtr. vt 

:liuut contiailitt^ 

g.-niu*. Kilt 



econviaion ofM'Qiiiil: hdi! re- 
you to a dilemma, in which it 
ardly poflible for yoLi ti> reconcile 
politi^ inteitlt ivith y>.ur duty. 
•Cie obliged either lo abandon an 

.■oiJ of 
if hon.1111' snd good 
I'iolat-d with inipui.ily, 
niay fifjy indulj^t: your 
Hi- law, of Fnzl.y-'i Ihall 
luii DC nolMiil, tvcn by your iioly nal 
lo upprels a finncr ; and t'lunzh you 
linrc luccecdt:d i:i miking him me tool, 
yuu fliall not make liini ilu vifliin of 
vour ambition. JUNIUS. 

[Til VolnaXti:i-t Rtffy, if t. berta/frr.) 

196 l£tf€rs to and fr^m a itfcWdti T^fitefs- 

L$tUr <mrhten by a^reat many mme/H- 

ately en bis Ji*verce, to bis mi/lrf/f, 
/AN tibc final difFermce T had m\h my 
^^ lady, 1 conne^cd myfelt' vrith you, 
as one, I thought, whole pcHcnsi suid 
mcmal quai'ftcations were fuch, as wouki 
in a ^'3t nmlui-c, alleviate my domef- 
tic iDisfortunes. My e}:j>cfhition8, I 
in«ft do yoii the iufticc to lay, wcne per- 
fectly Aal Weitj'i ; and it wouid be pcr- 
h:ips diAculr e\^cn for ill nature to point 
out a fmgle d^feci ih your truth and un- 
vfcai'ied aindiiiry to pleafc me ; but as { 
often toW you (particularly at our fii-ft 
intdvisw, that I ihould have nothing in 
fulititr to ^harf^e myiclf with) that liich 
^ a oorarfe of life was unlbemly both in 
' my moral and political cliaia£lcr, and 
that no-Kh ng but the ncceflity couhl jufti- 
fy the rrK'nfure, I am now to teil you 
(ihat obilacle Heine iemovc:i by the laws) 
that ail our farmer ties arc, from this 
day» at an end. 

i htve taken care, my'dear friend (far 
I wiU now totally thr^nv by the lo\-cr) 
toim^ki^.tiKlt eilabliihment for you, as 
will. ma^A- ytvn ^y in vour circumltances 
foK liievdiar^eahle only with this provi- 
fo; tUai your reiidence be not in thcTe 
kipgj«)m4; th« reft of Europe lies at 
yowp choitre ; and you Jvive cnlV to fend 
me word on your anival where you are, 
ancj the next pod (hall carry you your 
f. i^ (jitl'ici ly pa,vmccrf 

AiTure ycjrftlf, that nothing ihould 
injure nVe to acl :n this nirmnir but tiie 
clt-i£rni!iied itrAtluiion I have tak«n,. now 
t!iai it i«.in mv pov.-er, of fpooddv cnter- 
is^q; i£to C':aih.T connc^lions; and that I 
»ti«9 and rvrr /Iiall be,, tnth great dkctm 
and frKndfhip, Yours, &c. 

Tbf ANSWii«. 
Afy 'uery d'Or Lord, 
(VfOA I will nat—indtxd I cannot •-« 
V'* retaliate your coldnefs) notfamg 
could havo fiurprifed n^e mere than your 
letter. It is vuy true you did iafituate 
on pur firft coimt^ion, that it did not 
tc;9^y.a^r?t with ycur principles and ii- 
tiiTiti^it) (14 you was then marric^. I 
admitted every force of th^s iralbning, 
knowing how^ in one of your exalted 
char:i^r,.ftppcttranccb/houlci he lupjKnt- 
ed t bqt, my-Lord, little did I tJiink 
when iiiat^mirria«i:e wis diffolTcd, and 
the o^ium vbjcfa attended our coDne6ti« 
ons cftfitfdqutntly fix, tiiat your afre£lions 
cculd ^lOfiohanically abate, as in an in- 
j(rr.njB!thuf.foiaidrifioe the lover to the Sor- 
did. eoftfvkratiQna: of io^rreft or public 

fican/jv^ly place yapr defkexif par- 
^'-Tg^ Vf/-M me to the Jove of variety j but, 

• , ft 

mvLord;^kat am I to fity fothar^sbi 
of your letter, wherein you inlift (^I- 
(haJl forfeit c\'ery fiitui-e claim to yoiir 
munificence) on my leaving theie kiiVg- 
doms ? Am I to attribute it to makto- 
lence or ill nature ? No, my Lf>rd, the 
aiflual fuffrring cf this Irrcrc ftntcnce 
(cruel as it is) fhall not wring from me 
this ccnfHIion. 1 will call it the lapfe" 
of the hc9rt, the fault of conftitntion^ " 
or any other Ibftcr name, that wilt- co\'dr , 
the pfribn I hoW dt^artft rtj tl>c world • 
from tho unnatural (yet too often afib-' 
ciated) titles of Seduce and Ffrjinruttr, 

Miftake me not, mjr dear Lorcf, that I 
want to plead a remiflion of this fenticnct 
from the cruelty of being driven fi*om ' 
my native kingdom (thdiigh I think 
this fhould have an affeft en your feel- 
ings) I urge it on a principle as much ' 
more lefim-d ns it is* Jiflra^ing ; that of ■ 
being, forever, feparated from the 'hfaa^ 
no' the Lcrdy cf ny choice. 

Thoueh my pride wbn't permit me to* 
fue for the recovery of a hei-rt, which, I 
find, n Co ol>ft4iateIy detadied from me | * 
yer, my Lord, fuflfer me this yctr ccnfo-^ 
lalion, to live in the fame kingdoih withl 
you. — Give me fome time to mitr^iea^ 
paflHon, you fiHV infpircd me i^Hth'; and ' 
though I fir.d I mud bid ddicii to the ^ 
tranfjiortt of In-.f. let me hr»pe fbr't?ic ' 
caJmtr delights of fiipndihip ; and do 
not, at orcc, c\-cr*hclm me with all the 
agonies ofpoiitive-4)egleAed lepitrtttion. 

You inform me, in the dole of yotir ' 
letter, *« of yor.r Ipeedily entering mto ' 
ch^dl^'r conne&ions."— I 9m reii'*ned! ^ i 
And may your future lady low like me. 
but never meet wiih luc** retain)* f-^' 
May every hour of your life b? bright-' 
ened by profperity \ and may the hip* * 
pintfs ot your oomcftic cirna^r evtT 
keep pace with your public ohc, (»ri)Tr ' 
The unfortunxe. •»• 

Tbe foll^nmnff Li^ftrffrm the ^ir^jFuni ' 
Grand Jury of tht .Cvuni) of Vtyrk, ' 
to SirGco. Savillf, /?i?r/. <fi/</F.dwlft ] 
Lafcflles, £fq; the iv^rthy iitbrtjfeii^' 
tfitives of tbtit Cotihty in PiurtiMMnty' 
bus fimetbing in it ifjlief ^no'vtify ta ' 
recommend it to imitation. 
'T^HK prefrnx prev;u?ing mode of ad- ' 
-*■ dreifTttg the throne, and of inflru^- -^ 
ing reprtlentattve^ for their conddift, In • 
parliament, points out to us (the fkifiM \ 
snd grand' jury at the prcient 'a£»s <tir 
i/ie coifflty of York) a more nwxfcrtit^:' 
middle way to infomi yw^^ htWk tiipcli ' 
werhirtk ftot cnly this ctniuiT« ltot'th»^ 
whole \um%dbm^ h>rttinace in vftfiiE xk-^ 
prtfetitatiyes fif ftch* exewpfeiy * hrtii-^^" 

|t{hire AiJ^fs'^Mantgrnan cf lit E. I Cpr^pavy. 19^ 

PF»>BMe*>T)"'»v'«l y^**^*** l^'V *«» Jw^ " *"* »!Tr *S«e <*■ 

{te<iH»(, Sir Gco.SivOlc.m 

mi^ iiovtng fw. Jnd your Sca- 

fci-liidlei., ill fuiiponlng ilie 

namml Uicly pntd, T« ji- i>.> m 

WrtnJar atn fff/Suj^ »n aH tUvI 

mmral fittl tf the jwijeS «- ihe e> 

Ujv/0gf/« afimtalmmt •wt/tS- 

(t the grcMcS bonotir to our 

■a lo your own idjic^vc coii- 

u^i oci^>l>aii> aikd dmund ouc 

~~rovGd abiliiici to diftinguilh. 

H>iiihc HI")! fitil infi incT of mtlWn- 
>p;nn-iil, yti the tarter frM M *« gor ' 
cintrf »Bil caiwrilof Bnict <" rN*i»« 
K) mow cMh imu the tresApy fr«m pi- 

blew lU rlvit ciih into tke ha»d< "f 

rivjl» the Dutch, ilie Dlnrs, ndth) 

ncn. Privatr mtn, wh* hate toilAl 

(lieir fo-iuncs in India, muft remit 

_ '«« Co tic nbk'to eiiioy it.| but thv 

:11 Jcuown 2!tuhment 10 tbf txflulive duutn prcieMi then Itmii 

of the conttimlioo cf do-' c itin ilir umv ^irtnits. Tbeonlr 

c the «Tit> of itiB 

I'lLiiitdiM a^icll 

I ymii' banih vc diinfc our 

1 I partiiitteot fecureiy 

"Jtbnt, m1v»J(m 

It aiof aueatint, ni 

<linti cbtnnri tW wsn throue;h Vk* 
compi^i (rcMary, xnA in Aymnvfi^ (hi* 
I'p, u fHeW of iiijufiictand mirity wm 
dimt vr ftrvants, who truRnl to tMs 
mciiitof Tcilfcing whatthcy bait^iJtlt- 
fuliy eirtied. 

Bull tlie hurt to indirlduih it ib> 
f'niilcft by tlii^ rnndiia, a vK,- - 

(fa »teh iM»J«w trnp^fa-triihilaatift. 1 

fjift JiMt KitW Aock jqhbcn, pwy, ihiT'iKt almot lulbia 

loconGder maiurcly, b«r I7 itdiMrfM* -th* poor «m«dieat 'Of^ 
^^aqt'ocdsn .ftr mnSmcnt^ lottotyi ■^ariih h o^icBtTtra nwilH 
»iJ(f. ou ta«keb, 4ha dcoMrtd* compatm^cfca* -dwy cobtd Mt 'c«lrfl»' ' 
■Mailavcou&uiet, tha chaB|;a in fit out tnir fhif)} and ateatmirtfiMtHv ' 
^[Vk. fram ill wbick «rp made fni'.ad ihcin'ropeitpwt. JDlbit-Aata 
^Bfwi* luitalile ia quurfitia, iti<prrfiahl: tfay would haTe n w u iae d 
MUAcriotbtUotwagcfcfted tiH Etiii.<M7i kad not ew remnti in 
M thefe jfppiwy-Tatff , w g ul id y BensabaAnd their cafli to tfae PrdUh 
jliatNiok, aade«cf]rfMr th^ di«sGkir,WB«artaiidr wap'Mt diOM^ 
pi^\tt6t iwd iKb >UiMtioM to tc««*i«w4-ve foonk- AdbiiJohM 
llAnaiAaBtaa iw^uiMd. But arrive is TtaaR, aarifisg «r ihi> tHU-- 
|t)|(|gR the waatof inriclati to fHaitW, Aaa da imdtt ^ the-cMUiBj 
attEaof iKe, that t^Aow w- i«*<ved it «iw«i i^jn4ta(l«H'«W 
Wlicen rrpeatU.i^ili'aild ajvii thcr-ftttaitdMeta, i^ndMIt iritMte 
iviriatian, nd me indenu bf at^UAAr'dfliUlMnw. In dMrhicu ' 
ua^ knildy copiad. to fnmilb tiiw wiifj tewed into tWdi jblattit ' 
|e»'for [he year U Mtnc. Bf &«^ft4«t«-lntiw WtwlMtfDM 
f^i^ti'tiuE -Cilci hiK «cn&Adlr ;«a* >4ttffitf u Clim< Aegp fcand 
JM woA-defeaivt u kviMfii. thay Iwf It In their povar t» «1WMmM 
jjji'ipi.. Mil will •otfaiM.nM'f dia nft «a. A^ 9mp ttmH> infieMI^' ' 
iLlaniAT'nttvtDthe.aUt^r-t* tt Mw fu«» - trf CTftciwag jfaw loriMl-M 
■MMricati. TbcAwvAOs fpMe, AbyiafikdonovicrvaDaMr^ ' 

PMhicf arUchl t^ifMiantrt in:|r in .'4Wr Amm 4* «Wd^ by tlUtfe' 
fe'-kM Xmdon. On vf tM TMkmih*ri>i«(k thei/ wM bBWi ttftu w 
Kw Kl ar ftn ia £anw laialy aC' tfatatjMcaf dinar poRUbi-andtMai ' 
JftDbrrfUes. aftmllrllMnWibltd-ttr'IMhMldto-' 
nkciD ibetf- jcarMAHa'ftlipi frtnAdK l^enwltt' 
itt)f btfe in , all dKAtvca vf Bugat^'eMAMiM- ' 
Ufw thit^nVi. .d^*of<RM b«fidnaMvd«>af't<*»nfti '^ 
«7((>rt:oC<«»r-' l<<Mi-«f tBe«;&MkQlua%-ti:«)wil'«tt"'' 
9Sf.rmttM>f fiilM iA'eferrflilnK tlutUmanV^-'UtV^ 

( 198 ) 
.A Mettorogical .Account of the Weather, for the Month 
of April for the Years 1767, and 1768; continued 
from p. 141- 

S. f.';'!'- 

. . litile 

t.. f.l:lb. 

H. v.. 11 

S. F-. 

N. N. 1 

-•. S, V. liiilii 

!l !C. 5. W. frett 

W. ft«ib. 


. - lielb. 

- - ft..r.ny. 

i? W. fttd,. 

In «•. nut Italt 

5. /r. rw*. 


Ttry bfighl fine day, 

Tiit <tiy, faui fiunctimci ilull. 
'ull Rtominf, blight mUl-diy, niny CTcainfi. 
fine Ifieli' diy. 

d^ll hMTy diy. 

■M analog, blight ifteimon. 
.','■,;■ i—iininj, fine day. 
i.'rvuull, J.uiiLlh<l>T. 
bnjtk ar.d cUnidj U iotetvah , Aifp wiri. 
yclinta<!>r fertnllhovcncf hMl. 
' in[h>!iuglii,lhirpfran,vi:r> coUd*J. 
Ilurji find, rr.iL'Tal lictle (alli of fnotr. 

in (he evuring. 
c, chiefly flinidy, '> irh loo 
er< II (inet. lU dij-- 
in rtin, elwidj and «ry co 

, IiUnDnn,cbwdy culdifiEmom. 

■iphi fi:iB !!»r. l""' ''"J soW- 
dit'.ij. hnt T'ln-mtd wit 

.<luUw < 

I; d.y. 

, - ..d)f.K-!i;f!:';vyali!3. 

EnettorA. AowetTtfieniain ^i^t ttenlpg. 

rloudy .ind fanlhlM at lnlcrT4lt s!l day 

DAB) fljins loMdt,WllS»f«w dri'r""'"'"' 
^n:nl fiiaucii, bail uduin iunny inieiTali. 
ehiffly brishijbuc t'BefttiMiBftoarCTi M limei. 

liny JiL-avy Ih'jMtMUiihirixy.firH: «veMns, 

luudy and fuiilh'i.'u: If inieir .11, lomu tiiUnn liiio. 

ij[ij lilm.^ <.li<.i<: Uicnjrain. bi>j;lit cvcnins. 

I„ud\ jiid tw.lh i.t >t inicnals all daj. 

-. r,mr «C ih:tll.l(iTc,w.:[evining. 

loufl\,«rith minjf heavy Ihonen.briphtevcninj, 
laoy llyin* cloudi, bill VM) littli: laui. 
. few £11(11 Ibowen m (be day, fine ereninE. 
&l^y ni^iiitfl mofnitif. hf ighi day, wet eycDin;. 
r heaiy diowcti. 

Ujl »/ fiM*l— 1 

bid fyr H^tr, * C—r 

Rinljr callai Eugcmi, mitlfa 'I'j 

Man£ Bcjumarchai^. Il >■ tbc pcilkir- 
nuoctuf Mc). Git&lH, («te'«7-.>iE di^ 
Platomc Wifr, but Aewu kimi:^ afi*- 
«l hf Mr. <ivTwk,3i k Ktaoolcdg- 
fci ki a Ibort picface. 

Tlie ium of dte Hoc) or f^e ii iLis ; 
Baniet, liie dangbtn at »ir Wiltain 
Enns, mirattiv mamci kni EiJbce, 
at a* 'fen in the eoaauj. T^ 7^m»I£ 
lajf , irkh her &ifaj ami bd avm, ac- 
ccpf of lord Euface'i faooft is mwn, 
wlto pretends icalbfe fot coiKaling Ui 
niairrage. Tbcy Ww il" ^ lonllbtp 
ii ^xiut lo Diury a buibu of Eidhun ; 
lliu greatly diKitRb Uarrict. SU; at 
length <liica*cfv that tbectRnony of htr 
maniaee ifith lofd Euftii£, was per* 
raaneiT by one of his cnanucs in iK- 
Euilc, iTirf coQlcquehily is invatij. Her 
utticr i? at Itngdi made acquainted with 
her lituicion, he n&i her Pni 2111I dtacr- 
ninft V> f^^^otd. £ul[ai;c^ in the incut 
liinle &V Timllhip finding bis crud fi^ud 
£Ic<jverEiJ, -ind being Itrucic with the 
Kndtr diftrefs of Hamtt, otfcis to auoiie 

Ac inJMgF.hf alegal^aiariMM; ftieat 
firCdecGmnit, fufpcAn^ futflicr fraud, 
■ndan iDimccliate intervm« takei place 
baween lord Euftacff and Sir WilQam, 
la wludi Sr William lefarni enn now 
to MTi him hii daughter, and infift* up- 
<miua^a£iioa, the next moming ii ap- 
poiiited, the pvdn meet, but lord £u- 
BIE being rclblvcd nttKT to fufler for 
A* injury ne.ii33 done tbedaugbicf, than 
"— ty^** new guili by Icilling the father, 
puis no ball in hit piliots. He engagt* 
Harriet?! bnitlKr to be hit ftmnd, whom 
Iw becantd' acquainted vnth in an acc>- 
dmtal rencounter, and who koowi no- 
ihiiUF of hi) lordlhip, nor of hia quarrel 
'wiltf'li& 'fatber, or perfidy 10 hit tifter. 
Tbey i^cei, to the great aftpniflimcnt 
df 'mI puties j Hamet nifho between 
W fadts and lonl Euftace, her brother 
tdl( th^ paiticular of his not chaining 
bj* jH^nltt and a triiuul producing a fet- 
ter, watMn by-Iotd Eulbce, i^ich nai 
to hne faeen gii'en to Sir William, if 
Ui'lDnHUp )u<r fallen hj hit hand, by 
wbickft i( fuA, (though it doei not 3.f- 
pcarluni') that^ h«T honour Would have 
jNaipieIcmd,tbe parties areretoncilcdi 
ran lord Euftacc'itaUier confenti to. the 
ma^; and tlv lady that, lord Euitacc 
yaa >tN)^ Sp^ «)>ii)', appan to have 
^ n i JO! «^ Wy . «nig»ted t«Jlain«'».br^ 

n»iu, [J,.i.J^! [jtmij, (mil pi .;u=il<lf, 
fUly. Kii ofiaioRitnl, a hreo, aoil* p^ \ 

WcticiTi n TumJciMt, ibn^Mot t \ 

copy «if il. M 4ra«« la liic tigBn,\ (or i 

ths pittt muft ban beoi writlen f*h f ' 
tbcoptrswat lirftRptelenwi). ; X. 

»(. WrCi L^f Slakt, a huxf.i « ■ 

frtn a. Frn.-i fuu, taJtJ, ln L«a- ' 
cailcDuMkl. lfrilUBiyMu^.Ji,s~ 

A rich «c<«f(lout old fcllo*. fu(^re.l 
to bcdyi^Si i^** i' ii"o •"' ™>* <■> 
ci*.-^- 1 b«lKf pmmllbltuKukcliiw. 
[4i('* hie hnV. but il it beared tbii keliaa 
not 3.1U4] ly made a wili. He a Rkot 
nit>i Ilk, aod in ifae itmwi tim(, ihClM- 
plutw's ulit undcTtUei lonoiruMK tb* 

tuKlc, and mik< a will in iiitAeMiijIn 
tairth^tles ftumthe beiiu^iof tlitivi- 
Ut 10 l^niieif, and a girl hr ^4 tn n^UTy, 

eowery, which vnwld hive ctit oiFJiit 
hope of the reft. The uncle itxoTtn j 
confent* to relioquilh the lady he wii a- 
bout to many to hit nepliew, agid makn 
an immcdiaiciliticmcnl of nit cliitc ul»- 

16. The Siffrr 1 A Camrjj > 
Thit II the performance of 
lutic Ltn»x, an ingcniou) Jad?, wvll 
known in the litrrary worl.l by her <^- 
celleot wriiinn, particulate tlie Female 
Quixote, andilhikerpeareiUuitraiiiL 

She has taken the fablu lTO:nanco( 
her own novtU, inciilcd, llonriclla, 
which reiideri an account of the Ituryun- 
nccelTiiy ; The dialogue is naiural, live- 
ly and degant, the inciJeiitx are uncom- 
mon, yet within the pak of diamatic 
probability, and ihc ^niimenti arc jtift 
and rcfinnl ; it wants an iiiier.niiitiruaC 
light Ictnes. fuchitta faiitiliar uquain' 
lance with the Ih^ might have fumtfti- 
ed, withouttheab^iciea ufMrt Lciiot, 
and which, if htTabltincit ludbeen ftill 
greater, could ngt, pcrhap:', have been 
fumilbed without afainiliaracqualntann 
with the ftagc. ,, , 

, ThetudiencecxprclTcd^eirdirappnt- 
bation ^fit with lu mucb,9lanioiu' and 
l^teai»ceof prcjtuIicc,.i)]«t.|l]LV'w»i4d 

- - " - ^a auemv^ to siOnbvTw. o-t- 

t^teaiaueof ] 


Lijt^^'^^' B^h-^-wM^ Rmaris. 

cofFrpl^tntY ari'i tlioie 
«^ Tei4' it in the etotst Wilt pit>M»ljr 
MMfar at it»' ttvanneat ba the tl ^ge, h1 
ftBcutiytonrulmng th^mcnt iind ttfe fex 
of the trnttTm X» 

■ 17. Tbi fatai Difcrugfy, as it is 
ferj^rmtd at Dfur^-fane, 

~ I'his is one ot Ofliati^s fieciAA coii- 
Tinted to ^ dram?. Rivinci daughter to 
Lathully kinjr of tke ifle», U vngsg^ 
to Ronan^ prince ofMoiTcn -y but Dur- 
BiA, king of the Pi^, beings tnamour- 
ti bfthelady, bribes a fervaiit of Ronan 
to dcfirer hei' a forged letter, in which 
las mafler is made to rmounce ht« en- 
gagemebt in favour of a foreign prin- 
cd's. After the rtccipt of tliislcittr, 
Rivhia, in obedience to her fetlicr, mar- 
rtfea I>iir(bm' : Durftan is aboqt to take 
- htrto Im Aiminions-, wlten ftie dilcovers 
the'irau^, and learns that Ronan has 
fafeen id\^ tetkl;:r and conftant. This 
biings h-r into great diftrefi, but Ihe 
ftiU reiblyes to accomp^iny Durftan ; in 
the mean time f«v«rai circumstances pro- 
duce and conhrm an opinicn, that Ko- 
nan is dead . Rivine tlien, as no caufc 
for calutnny could rife from her attach- 
ment to Ronan, changes her purpofe, 
renounces Durftan, reproaches him with 
his cruel fratid, and avows her {lurpofe 
to continue in hi r native cotmtry. To 
avoid force, (he is conducted by her bro- 
ther to the cell of a hermit. She re- 
mains fome time concfc^led, bu. k at 
lengtli- found by Diiiilan ; as he is a- 
bout to force her away, Ronan appears. 
The report of whofe death, howcvwr liip- 
portcd by appeanincts, was not ttue ; 
Durftan niaLcs the lady his hoftcgc to 
rcftrain Ronan 's refcniment, and rlirer- 
tens to kill her, if he ofF^i-s violence ; in 
this f}tU2ftion (heftabs lieifllf, and Dur- 
lian and Ronan imnictiiately engaging, 
mortally wound each other. 

The language of this piece is by no 
meafis adapted to the drama ; it u the 
ianw as the tranllaior's oi Oinan, only 
redthied to meature ; it wants nature, •- 
legan^e, harmony and eafc, and with- 
out genuine poetry, there is the appear- 
ance of much labour to produce it $ up- 
ofi the whole, it pl-oduces no forcible 
or pleafmg effect, eithti^ upon the pafH- 
oi^W or ilie iinaginaitton, the audience 
la j rt te i iuH^fred than enjoyed it, and pro- 
bablyic v#ill ntvci-'bv lepre&nted again. 

^¥3:"7t^ Hifhry and AdtuintMns of an 
•jm^'Wi^ h rather an hifcs^and 
afftjatUit^ Ttftttcd by mitcAi dfin Jb{ 



tesotot of it^ff owlv ftiqcgrfr^^fra fcH fc 
thvoil|^ varioite bodicfi* ^f'^8S^^\t 
c«NMMe4 a futi • ■ ■^:'^ ' '» - 

Tko AippoM «Ktor, Na#Nin««I fW^ 
Ctik, ^ hiberdbflKP of St. Ctfetir/^^ 
clapis; ttm k% ht t^M fkiAb^iJUM^t 
liw gmely-^ heMff a ftriH Ahfihirs^^- 
prooaMKfig, f#'l!dtho«i;hr, ftxtrh W^rdelb- 
in hii owii pericranium, cslliiit hM hf- 
hito> n«fAe f ^tfiit npoii hit tkamanng ^ 
tht voke, m fha vtmoft hitrror ttttd tw 
maatmcrMy 'ii ptx»ee<d«r- «» thi»tfett f 
** I uiHMc of tM^ atfoiAty' or toimttt^' 
" ciit piircicler of iMCttr, irbitb aft 
** noirfier he afittHiftated, dhridfeU'y or 
** impalMid, the <fifferent wt lAg fafei^?^ 
" of whieh eompofts a)l tlievantcy tfC- 
" ohfe^a smieflencos ^ifrfen tiacure cj^^-' 
" hibitrrtf art caaobtain.- AttimiHiV: 
** ingly endowed with ftwh Mcjief if. 
*' reafoAy as cannot be tkpeAed'In'tMie ^ 
'* agXwgat« body, and I MiJKci^tttMinw 
c<l to Y«Ia(e the hiAorf ^f oHf peKo^ ' 
during which I vikderwett '^Snnt 
llranga revoiiitiont inr thi! eMpii^'of 
japan, and wu eoiifciotit '6f foifttt 
poltttctf] aneedONfs, now to' Ke di* 
vulg0<d for the inAruCUoir of Bmkh 
Mr. Nathaniel Feacock atiheatDm^ 
command became amanuenfis, and re- 
corded what is contained in this book. ' 
The' revolutions of this Atom in dti 
ifland of Japan are not enumerated, but 
it*s pro^reis from Japan to the peVicra- • 
nium ut Nathaniel Peacock, h thtn re- ' 
lated : " I was, after many viciffltodefc 
endoTed iu a grain of rice, eaten hj ' 
a Dutch mariner at Pirando, and be- ^ 
coming a particle of his body ,' brought 
to the Cape of Good Hopi, Therie 
I wasdififhargedin afcorbutit:dyfen- - 
terv, taken up in a heap of toil to 
manure a gaixlen, raifed to vtgeta^ 
tion in a fatiad, devotircd by an £n« 
giifli lupercareo, affiniolatcd to aa^ 
oigan of his body, which at his re- 
turn to London being ditbaf^, Iwia 
agam feparatcd* and. with »conbd^ - 
able pon ion offlefh thrown tipoti= A 
*' dunghill, gobbled up and dict'nedb;^ ' 
'* a duck, of whichyofir father Ephrnqi ^ 
** Peacoch, having eaten pletHifally^ ' 
'* at a feaft of che Cordwainers, I wak 
** mixed within circulating rtuces, and '. 
** finally fixed in the principal psit of 
" that animalcala, which in nroeeft of 
** time, escpanded itfeif into thee, Na* 
" thaniel Peacock,*' - S 

The political anecdotes ait ih fnb^ i 
ftance as foHoWs : ■■.--.*. 

Al^ut the middle of the ihoft cidnfi^\^ 
dd^Ve tft vhtoe^ods; Uftto vAlich-. J^^' 






l^ 4 Btth-^mik Rmi^H' 


dt fid faTTETfti he kad u vaitt- 
CuMgJvfixCiina to appear inpib- 
%»fdiM*a(U*rriDg-bib| uiLbkwu 
wvmC ftoiiiDCiu Of aficftioa, czc^i 
a.|Cw& MBchmcDi w cfatwailhipaf 

■V *fci«" *VV'|.'~ "!■*— iWiUOBcA 

Ipiln^aMnph, cadletLFBliafV- 
tf 4f hM i^icHK^t, that which he 
qirfiKjWli^nl ia.wui^kicfciiic ihe 
tRM& «r&M prii^ nlfiillcri u tser- 
«^ rtiell fat pcrfjoniMci ia priTXe e*e- 
If A^4 it «M tlMitfart ncceflio^ that 
■ auBiRrr Aiould be round lo aa<IcT£o 
Iflljiniiiiii wtlbout reining : Thii 
^(■pfeace hariog been rorertcn by 
^man, he, a imle iI'mt the concep- 
IMK m C*l-iMMa-talia, imprcgnaud 
tb«T«p of a future miaiftcr, and im- 
ywinl ir it a. foDl which had fuciefliTe- 
I}m|U diraagh thebo<Iie«of an alt, 
aMttnt an apple- irornanj and a cav- 
il^ ^TnWT* •veic proTided br hini, 
Im Iw.gean* wm rol capab{e of cul- 
tin^M 1 be <in* caJed Faka'kaki, and 
cinaU ■! tbt heir of an Irmnenfe fur- 
taiic. Hia diirafler wat founded up- 
i^B^(>ti*c«, he had no uudrrffauidiDg, 
fe* oceeaosiy. nacouipge, no induftry, 
no Aea^incu, co difceramnit, n9 *i- 
(aar, no TCicntion : He nai reputed 
fT'lTfi-i and good huinouted, but he 
1^ mUy jtwufe, chicken- hearted, 
>WB<*i'>^'*' IiIUBdering, veak aad 
kdv, . 4U ihele qualiAcaiion* weie 
|||BiK4-bl *■ eagcrDeft, kalte and im- 
■llitu I , that cvmplcatal the inott lii- 
t^pim cbnpafition which human ni- 
tiiR C1CI produced. He 
«a m hurry and cocrufioat u if be 
kB ioft lu* witi iu the oioriuiig, anJ 

~i Hifti of ibcni all dajr. 
a wcR Gai-iama-ii^a, the em- 
' of japw), a«d /eia-tat«, his 
pj^H^mi oilier. Among the fubotdi- 
-M^'tQ fJk'ieia, was SU-pbi-rma- 

^a^fnm a h«W bcnnir a lord. 

bmli, fortune, ihan^dt cf iciarft i 
He had liten by isgaciiy, afTinzace and 
{nrfercnctc, p.xot a|;au:lt ali dtl^p* 
tnifiiiDent and k;'ux. 

ic^'Jtsi(a bBTcnd betvcra ifa'e tri* 
umriraie jail meat^aed, ud asotha 
kcoE of compctiion fur the athiuiuftn- 
tias, that it 1:1 fad, br (tie rapire^ 
headed by ^iBMi<-na-' 

of eminence. This acconpUihcd peisc* 
had not only the neaieft mindi but tbv 
laraefi body of all the liibj^i in Japan. 

With the FatKmam wu eoiiDecied 
Cwtlr-mie, vjce-niy of Xie^co, one of 
the fOandi pf Japan, weak, weallhyi 
proud, iotraftable, imfcible, and un)> 
verfally haied. 

Then wii alfo one iei-faM-^.hi 
who aat prcfisjeni of.a council ol twena 
ly-eighi, that iiHiIcl] the emperor: H* 
WM a Ihrewd poliLician, had gren 
learning, and true talle ; but he loved n 
enjoy the .comfbm of lit'i:, ar.d there- 
fote with more pam than all, nai mora 
a cypher than any. 

The author pioctedi to relate fomtt 
hiAoiical incidenii, rrUiing to art at~ 
tack made by the Ciincfe uuon a fo-, 
Fcifn territory belonging- to J^pin, cal-- 
ieiFatJlfii, in which the Jajwueft were 
greil Iiifferen. 

Wiicn the newt of thefe diraftert 
arriTcd, gre^il commMion irofe in the 
council. TKc Duro Got-haina-baba 
SntKiid, ind clucked and c.ickledand 
hiffed lite a goofc dilluihKl in the aSt 
of incubttion. Quamba-cundaho lfie<l 
bitter fear* ; TJil Laboj foivelled and 
fobbed : &ii-plii-ium-poa groaned t 
Octto-mio fwore ; bu: the Tea Sey-lro^ 
gvn, Nin-kooi-poo-po underwent no 
alteration. He I'at at the etnb'eui of 
infenGbility, fixed at the north ftar, and 
ai cold a) that luminary, fehding fuitli 

The firll allonilhmiint of the council 
wa* fucceeded by cmital remarki and 
irguntnuiion. The Dairt> ccnioleit 
hintfelf by obftr*ing, that hi; tixjopi 
made a very fgldivi'y appcaiioce ai 
th;y by on the lield is Eh<:ii' i^ew clomh- 
in^ fnurt caps, «i«l c\cia \)uU,o«^ 
and t^ tlie attuik] iUaiiU. Om^ >aak . 


Jii'tr. 'He ("hen deciaitJ, Ihat-fliOtU' 
a ^>,r ti^i'ue vglfh Cliinn, he wMd gw 
ibiciil dod cxDofe hinifdffor die g'tnT 
«f J^i-aii. rukfi-riku MtpftfliJi'l* 
I'lirjjiilc,' ih«' a gciirrai fl««W mtoe* 
nil urm^r lluoii^ a wood !■ *il' lAt-' 
liuown country, without hatrilg h flr* 
r'tconnoiwred .' bot the Fitifflan iffiir*' 
tdliim.'lhn! wa. a (>rsfllct ntrer itf- 
mitwd into Ihe ililcipliM of Jiftn.- 
Culto-niin fwcie ilie Tti:in Iwll AM lo 
fiind wiih !i!s iiicn, like oseirin ■ Iblli 
tCi bcktiocE^cd on the hr^idwithautnlhlg 
»py mfirit of iehncti '* Why th« 
dtvil (^<f hej dkl not he eiEhCr remit, 
or adv^H' e (o clore enj^n^ement with 
the liiAdfuI of Chineft vtio fortiied the 
■mbuftulfe i" " I hcip«, mydesrQutii* 
buku, freplied the Fitimsn) that the 
Iroou* of Japan wi[l alwafi ftindtvith. 
oiit flin^hine. I fhoiild have bren nnr- 
tificd bc]o(i^ mcttrurt, had thn ntren- 
rS wirhnut feeing the face of ihfc Me- 
mj I--— [hat would tiare been a dif- 
ericc \«liich net-Ef befel anjr troopa 
tfirmed under mj diie&iuH ; and ai ref 
advancing, the grourd would nolper- 
ajit any 'raanOEUTreof (hat nalitre.Tfaey 
^cn engaged in a cBldifat, w)icre 
Ihey (eald ndt form either in hollow 
/quare, fiort tine, (jotence, tohmn 
or platoon. — -It unt the fanvne of 
w'lir, and ~ihey We it like men m-— 
We OialJ be more fortunate aa aootfitf 
tumtfion."* The prelident SM'ftn-ftn-o, 
took ndtice, that if there had been tot 

5>anklinihewhole Japoneft army, thi« 
FTafter wouhj sot have happened [ i* 
i^e iniiii»l woald have teat the buAea 
and dircoveted the mnhvlctde. He 
tli'ert&n jH^pofrd, that if the wafMaa 
itf hff'pt^fccutcd in Piitfiffio^ Miich 
»" a ebonfrj' 0VCTgro*n with wAod, a 
n^mMr tf bhcid-hDiurilt Bright be [iro* 
vfdrd' 3«d ftnt over, n ru* U^U Oim 
FdQt' tn tlie frtmt aed on the lulu of . 
tfali'irmy; when, h flodil t>e «b Itl 
mu^ ihMijlb Aieh impedlmtMi. 
Qo^tik-tiUJ-daiio decbrtd, thf Ibldi- (hich better die is the bed «f 
hqtliJdr,'^ tWah V Fated aifd viAotiMi, 
by (lifh'Jn uTHnilftAryeafrtdleiiti Uitt 

* %faeBe pinl 

or Tfie Rrncc; Wat it ewr it nfvw r 
ciribH»Mfr;"M Aontd Kflgii 1lir«»iii' 
m^d, aiidTpSH thenualltder of Ma 

'fafiite of TiKfi-mitll 
(ht^theTktlmaA c6B)d har«f A 
der- the weight ot tti«'i:iititptmmiR-4If' 
iM* agreed ttiat !»« ICtiM ^ftioaUM' 
niade, and a nc« Rlliariiten'ti(F«t»!C-" 
inilmRd vri^ all exfieditioa | -and ^fail' 
I»eBWfni1>ry brake up. - tn •* 

After ntatiy'ttrifiartlagM^. tit adni7 
rt)fb«l6n Wm afleitgDi ntlcttCMfwef 
ftff Iiftlf Mim the ttibtmal of Ab^- 
palate;' ■ ^- '■ - •• 

Af tbiyfltite, hft (fttf mhir, thrr«- 
«4t oiw Toych*, Kho-'bad-niM-Utnv 
fttr to 'Meilt c(M6dcraiie(i ih tUtiflfi 
eoiiftihittJ elriMt of ttw mok > H« 
irat'diMwafftad fey- ■ IOBd-v«itt;'-aM 
iinabilbt^ edtttiteiUftc*, » tarlicv. of 
alAfe. and ah inb^iidiry of «p|wfe4ctf 
to tht tdpifuAl dftlK (Mb«>]t,:<Nha-MI 
fltt- froni being a favooriiB WMt tliaplei' 
bHdni. Oratdr Taytba^ ttMo^ee 
w^aArnirablj* Ivlttd t« MCauiKiic^t 
he iwtred, snd lib hraytd,' and 'Ik kt* 
hwed kjuriit tht m.^ ! .. r f Hfe .tkreW 
out ptHmik] firciTma agkinA ' riwDUW ' 
himMf. HeinvetgtKdagainft^hispat^ 
tlal kttadirhent' M die haM AfVafflfj 
whieh beWlDOHthaaaadeanMeA 
tA the dctrltncDt of Japan i bt in&itt- 
ed thenattoDil prejudice 'piolt ftvaK**- 
civ; and at he prefeflM aaimbWilt 
tAi for the cemiMfl* of Japan, -balbb- 
came the tlrt'deiaagt^pK oMbeti 
The tniA i*, be «ei»ra1lr hi _ _^ 
be on the right fioa. TocpafbaUiirDf 
theDalra, 3m erfdrs ahfttditlNraBd 
corruption of the miniihry, la^fe pfi U 
fticfr a palpable aaari: ai -dindd attte 
tnifled by the arfowi of hit declnaat)tB, 
Thii Cerber\)i had been tilencettaBM* 
than once with a fop; but whctliw'-Ut 
appetite wi< nut- fttiifled to tlic^ai^ .-nr 
he wu ftill ftjmulated by ttw tprbnkD^ 
ofhitdil]iofitro»,~Mrbich%vovid<mft al- 
h^w Kim to reft, be began to ftalCartm 
chtiai ane*,' and opeii iit thc-oU-iai 
wUeli «ai a ipede* of oMGdoia 
nub, as agfeeable ai ttie fomdofataa- 
pfpc to a m«antafBMt'«f NorAdlntiiy 

of Angoh. It in» a'Aikiii JuAtaA 
the Mtnderfiil eAfi of (ftacifl^ fiMi:A« 



■nemoiy of hit hearcn, evttp idawf 
hu tntmr Itfctaeft and apofa^. . .:>' 

OM-haMia-bab* had a fam imtat 
tht Tamn sf YeOb, trhidt hr-lnhttn' 
od bf ItMd detent, Bn4-Ml*ei iter* 
Mit Wtkli NgalpeSBiBDnt tBAapan(jaia 
firm m* now tn ing^ivfimSfiil by ' 
thcdiftial^ nadiA^-hiaw fcthamaa 
ilaBtKM mUthm-in ■fabit6m:iymAUt 
'HWatH'*'**^^ cosufeMthlMrar 
<M f»wUw% U-fa««M ^^^fM 

a bag' of foot, lUt eigrith a GtIiwoinnn'« 
.. ,^ _ M^fi dw ninth a rotten p;ct-fiddl», 

^ laiqv'itjr. uul the hintKa btock of hnid M-ood from 

^ SrSaMff ul and i»I^a paroali^ ulted over it with bidcoui clamour,' 

<*-lf^3a*rl|Mi».hBt«.) tW">)>K|M>|i'* wera gmceii, fcaven^r), ha|tcr-uia< 

".^piBt.witb' bit. wruclwaj ijte ex- kcri, drajmen, diAillcri, chimneyr. 

i|MmM n lb mlf >Bd pcniicioiil rwecpcn, oyftcr-womui, aTi -drivcrt, 

" — -■ '- — " "-' *■" alderincD, aiid dcilcn In wafte-pipcr, 

, . , Fak»-kak> liaringcunCdcrcd thii work 

iHiatipn ^ with altooidinieni, and heard tRc pcnui 

,0D tIuind«oai4aw«9fJi 

*t MiAwic Mbtripmlar jtuutipn „ ^ 

)M*.-«Mclaff4 that aHfuvaa ibouM lac* fweir ihai they would ejult 


txuor above til compttitioni 
Itain addrcOcd bj Taycho : Ydu fie, 
layi hr, it wilJ Hgnljy nnlbiiig to Rrivq 
t the torrcm — jdniit me to a Iliare 

e idminlAration ) J vill bi:coiue 

HiW4« 1^ coMiBaaf, HT « fabi 
Kl^amted t» any srcMy nunccu- 
H.^^-bofttuTacovi andtkreau 
fS«M4t.,'ibM il Hf rorwt miu&a 

fj fcwH Aitf ».&»« fuc^ a Batwcai. . , . 

fr-^'W, 4i VWidJbimg't fbRfUiiitiWCk your Have, aiid protefl lU farm at the 
Miia»ilifaillft<M) t» fuk ha to per* expcQcc of Jipan to ibc lift Obm. 
f'^inM^.-: 3;ba Wiow* of Ta^clio'* Tiycho'i offer wat acctpted, ixt^ 
fflMtlfirf hH^ up fiicb,ailaneMi the Ibonafier, to Ihcvr hii power ovec iltp 
W-B W ii Bl tto nbamiBiiUr Faka-kaka, man]r-licid<»l monftcr, he, without 

— „ - -- - ^in, or nu- 
king the leafl apolosy for his afling in 
diieft opporuioD to tt)e principle* wnicti 
iMt only v* account of (he ha had inculted aJI hit life, crammed 
III vf (uieBntf-ap-ti^, * tv- down it'i cLtoat an eUigaiian to pay a 
yearly tribute u Brul-an-tiS, in con- 
udapitioB st( hit fotbeaiing to feiae 
Gut.htoia-'baba'i farm J atributewhidi 

... . amouottd to .Icren timet the value of 

Mt- kit auff«d the wtkolc council af the laudi for the defence of which it 
-aighl, ind played at foot-ball waipiid, ati4 the bead, far from Ihew- 

-tt^ad tU biajianitan^ wen afnid tp <c(«tchinf[ it't long: 
M ^miB liimljillilili aboutilu farm." nole, or drenchis^ I 

bJMli , affiTtwn fwnt for tke farm eiv 

~---"i ■-- r'r- 

«ipp &M-bMter, whQ hovcfod abc 
lit.swalfc.vary thiaataning appaaiancea- 
tOatih^a^lMba sow foamed and ravtdj 
^yjciiiftd«iid f«0[«i Iw not only kick- 

Ul.utpanal Fiara, Thecounctl, 

^ ^MMdft af the con&iGoH which dif- 
ifwrt^l niiiiniii (roduccd, were rudilen- 
tr fatywad at the ap(taiitii>i) of Tay- 
^^MTaJtcadooddinsfiDina window that 
ia««rlM>k«d ahcir detiberatiwa. At tbe 
•lo^or tte horrid rpeSaclc, iht conn- 
-iSihrtlu^, andtbeunfiKtunatf Faka- 
^Wn-iaaly^ whofii faar made bin inra- 
.if^4t <Moiieii, «Ma left behind. Tay- 
{.jH^f^ga b^tad ■■ "* '*^ ^:«^*<— *rtj 

Ipg any figni ol' breathing, clofed ita 
ayet, opeacil hit hideout icwt, and, aa 
it rwalloved, wag- 
ged iit tail, u> token olintirelatitfactioni 
Brut-au-tilfi, wai now become tbe 
(t«od ally f( Got-hima-baba, yet hia 
farm (mm after fell into the bands of 
the Chincre. Taycho, Aill erabjuraffed, 
cngagadco tecBvcr it, aiultiflilibeptoi 
|l(c innlain teimi, that ihi^fbouldpart 
tlie v/iadom, aad witb uieir fubAancc and tiuir fenftt, 
4 him in tbde warda f " It it- tbrii bodiaa ^md theit foiOa, to defend 
::Midau|«BtbeCuboy,(Miiufter) whe- uid fuf^tfirut-an-ciai. Tbe hydra, 
' Mmc T*r«fao CMtirHMa W wpeft kit rolling itlclf in the duft. ntrptd upita 
mmt biinoaoblaqiii- huKunwciIdypuuicb,waagedit>fo(ky 
4k 1^ dH 4cf« by Uif, linked the feet rf Tayclio, md 
llinnigk all it! hoarfe difc^^^nt thioaii 
began to Itrayapplaufe, aqd tkejaoilice 
Wat iinmadUtdy made. , 

Scytnl capeditioiii to. tba.cuft o( 
(Cbioa'W^rc ptrfonnet'. ,lw TajdM Cm 

>fbkB-k4a bMlBed.amli«wjinuiliitwl 



«f JPIMH, ,«|d>[(it4iV M4 ik»r.| rbVt 


, j .Hlw u d n igtw. ! 

«i,(UhtiK.-.,:: . .;■ :.» ./-. , 

' Some nine after, howeTcr,. lortiHM 
Ikimk) Wfiivcw Jip3nag*ivftiChina, 
U4:T49rtU tterBfofc determii*! lo fe- 

«i«i)i8*<P*Vf °* tl^ wai.ypw binleU'c 
One day in council, when the Dunt 
,«ai( MtfCftti )>4 ioOcad of giving nil 
.9iimf>t:iiirt*hattd * twD^pennf 
ItaMKiMt Mv^ JUuftiwu Gat-h*ms> 

M]HnA|r'>H«: IMureiheiU^ 1 fwonl of 

kilWrhftajJ. ; wtvoed with t«tf.f[(^di 
to (he Faitmui,' ud m nide to I'ik;i> 
4t>ltiti4h,«'Cub«y: : *t tiio fame time 
.MtilOW'fMtiniuik, be tied'.* fcatfe 
liWMiQO'tJK «U or h!i imperial msjtftjr, 
hMcliMMua'igriA .numhcr of p*d;ocki, 
JhAtinm thi^llpioferaiy lt>rdinth« 
3ft»i]DlM»^or».th£r c'uttfJ leftiver fnnn 
(jht*rtfiift:'iatow<Iii7iBD<> addthe rScm- 
.ifcly hioltt up ibruptly, t , 

f The emperor, was .-.t length reconciled 
iQ-kiiilwai^winkiH ItatE, but the farm 
^ilt tfiAS'lwavyarhi) he«rt, lia negleA- 
(d nit fnarrl md trumprt, and no 

I Ihett tiiie took td hit 

toneer tM 
<«€(.« Wy in 
Ik/hnd «ed. 

^Xe^dM, ajid'rodt'(«*}ie ^li^i;ltiph 
Vf Ow-Mo, the ftifctffcr of Gbt-hama- 
'HM.wljbtn %e found attended bjr Ydc. 
8fr5Jh"«''i«d*e rftbe Mountiini' of 
- Xi^4'''>Tl>b'h><!'Ctipnimei|ded his edii' 
■iMafi, atsfpty' ehgaetd in dnwing 

"^'■SiiWpVfter « p«we wit propofed i 
-'Tr^inilTm^iblitnireirTbe province 
Wf nttlinjr'm wiiein of treaty', and 
bcokc ii'^^tkcauft'itie emperor wotrfd 
m^'^flMfee «b iHn fbme troop* that 
-aaWCiigatiiltSrM'-tn-riffl, ftwn«De«r 
two.oPU) rillagWt of which tbejr had 


■tof Ch)n]ii, pquedit'theinfoletike 
' Mth'vbfth' if Uui b«en tre*^ b^ Tav. 
'■«!«■; fcnt»'(<(> new )iinahca''Wilh me 

' ItlhK of^eMrcai «hom Taycho W rffo 
^iKlliiied'M HrtfMAitAfliii araWaddr. 

:; Japan t»«r>g nbw'i DeW%(>nHf<to 
pnpi>le w:[h.*)aii£nit-an-liffi'be»(i( 

ftnu-ibh*.* N>W»Md'JM>s() t»«A«a,nhi 
JWW-yaft V«vjMpuMnty. "^ ' 


He prepared, >n prcifoca o(j)^|>ai- 
ra, to take tliclh^ of Ctnca. ai'^hfA 
of Cliina hi-\ ixtn liken before, •tWH 
o'ut-ajiy dcrtuUiaBof warj prttenouu 
t\iM by tliii n^eafurc. tile (icaTiiiti^of 
Corca wbuld be ilircSly brougbtiiinw 
the por» of jBf'W, ihou^b tl^u tft^fert 
exifM onLT-in fail own ^^on, oiid ibl! 
imigina^n (if thoTf, ujKiii vvJium^ H 
fucwetlcJ ill hit impoiliian. . - ; 

The ccuncil iiid Djiro, not imiDcdf* 
stely and implidliy KtUJc Icing iin .dlil 
p[oj(£l, Taycha Ul b^ thoniD at iM 
prefident, forked oui bis fingeri on hii 
forehead ai;Gotto-^>s i wigged hiK upt; 
dec jaw at.thir Cubay j liiapped hit rin^ 
Bcrs at Sii-phi-i-um-pooi griivad it 
>liii-koin-p«0'po, inaJvi^'-' ^.g.icf'th^ 
e»llo*sBt F<'I:5.:-wU, r,,-,clthcB t|ir»: 
Aing to ^YajPrSliat, h« clajy«d hi* 
(tuimbh in hu.ean,')nd bc^w b> bn'i 
like a« >Ji| .^jiitiy, puHug-sut fiA 
baliga of hi* of^ he ihn^W it at the 
Dfliro, wbpi-in vvn,' antiaal«d hvn tA 

be pactfitdi andwhteliogt^ihc.ogW, 
IblkeJ away, dappmA hi* huK)- upoh 
a certain p*tr ib^ uialTbtinanMfeA. ' 
' "Kt I b«B' applied m tbc blateni ieatl, 
boafting hi* meii, ai^H cfmplahiin^, 
ihuthis^rojeft, tehich-woiiUtavecU- 
ined CorcSi-and nirt^ied' JajMM^ hi<d 
Strot I he letirea to a coll in the nei^- 
bourhooil of tha.cily, iimI titiplofed 
ike comnioD crycr to proehura it abcmt 
the ftteet*, that bainf; r<d»c<d :to Hfe 
Jneer necellkne* of life, be w«uLd Ml 
Ki) ambling mule and funiiiwej widt 
an eritiint robe of hi* wife's, and the 

¥ eater- pirl' of hi* kitcben- utnlila. 
he mobile, thbugh itivai>wrdl-bMifai 
that TavCht) wa« wortFi iMnthrin 
*o,oooeban*,cr]^c(ilhiH)e, thrtamtn 
that lived thenuicin, Ihould be reduc- 
ed to fo cnicl 1 dtftRf>/aiHl (heir da. 
■noiir loon ning iti the eara-of-Giv- 
gio, and hit favourite. ' 

' To Toothe the moBfter, and «[ (he 

fatne tiine ruin Tircbb'i pbpvlwHiy he 

tiBB oliered a penfetn i he took *t> ' hut 

the monftcr wm hot fiMtbediVOr did 

Taycho becoMb' unpopular, he 4oitl)W 

nutd to'lickl* the monftcr aHii-cth- 

broil the ftuc. The naeociatioa - iitr 

^ce wa*' at length nhiuted, a«d> a 

tr0My'rHcl«de4t*<erv J^wrate'jrticle 

ttf which^'wa* -a^nauitNl I9 Taycho 

Md<hi*<inft[MaMB[*r !» wbiek ihay Aic- 

, t^tinA, fhot>el»«very l»odr Aoaw, ttait 

„ th« t«rwi'a^ick:'3^tb»ihtiKrelf.M 

UMAeatnhe tT^«£Mt>^'Aa)MrbaM^ iiKi»f(t4Mt> 

«aMDW^ a '..iT(|M»ltftlMMariU«Mdi«ltNi»f|sew*: 


limm mviti «* I9W cimm- 

•lAlB)BMr)^H6^ity:'itiid'niltk till 

MitoriFMIi qfMbi^wMcV'te'hM 
■a t3ucUei»'KtmllulkiilK,'»'¥tk> 
•iM«Ffc«»^' «U IM^ ^belted 

W llfMMiM)* «lt li(^'«1iltd'aMM of 

«iHIIt>Mr4frIMt« KMHU^'birf one 
«f>*lU'1)dtMc-pbeeUt«*erfbi* eyn, 


I fiMMf-Ujtmt tudMri'-wouM have 

y^'*MSSA od tW 4Mt I kit Gk»- 

¥S-'-'BcM#'MMltBttiind-lo' ■ fault, 

iMtdter-UHiRir with Mrfcriag fodae 

'Vf'ttih-stteMAM to ftt htmnntfae 

. ■tUtt*. :«Afr<hlVMf MMd^tbe Wbole 

I ■MfeB-ol' *Wi wMcb be bad cellcAcd 

U Br b«bit«t1Uii lor fhe iMnDftaare vf 

iflM«nt, ' Legion imrnnliiKlyrelcircil 

^bli t» flili t, iRd boJRing bim on tbeir 

fcW liiW^ wnt in pronflion through 

Utk AMcta, tMllowing,- huMung, and 

f inAllnf! hha, uthe )>alladhim of tlie 

ftiW y Sf- Japan. But the' monfter'a 

im^^voa fcfl OD thii oocafion, wa« far 

4raWh», iH 

n of hia dirt thrown, devoted 
•Wto iNM-that Aoment to deftniflion. 
abTlM anllMr tracn (he fortunft of 

dls-aci*-' Avon rite of the bead, 'no 
^MbtrAlua Ma ernpe into China': but 
iti'ejhmnn aenum of <bc retteat of 
iVuP-tUVt, from hiapablKkfaiion, of 

vAem-ttegivMihit dwnArr. 
I -al^« ]|«iall be owned, for the fafcaef 
■tnUit'lkM-yik-«i.ot waa one of the 

iMAcJleft men in Japan, aad certaialy 
''Jfc^trtJHfl' bawfaftof to the empire ; 
aja^ympitfa, itxere, aod chatiublt, 
l«-vilMM» bbfbMd, ■ tovd faihrr, 'a 
LlUtfAwaftcr, and a aealena frttad : in 
•|iir|hiHK dwrtfler, he had nothing in 
-«(eW bwl At adramaga of jiHH, bnt 
:4IK« rwwOH bMama lb: dopt at hit n- 
Rftkft np war, hiiw0*«r, proTpertd 
ibi'llia banda, m moch a* in tholfc of 
"w] be diblivd the panri- 
iDtt wbiah the empire 

«* •*iM<a piu a u » wbiah 
1 cMnawl on the . 

l-'Valtai% be Kehlcned Ae-htDlrMble 
t*«*m«f i)M«m|dRk d)d-&md k« 

Ikl and tdvatitigeetttitbabli^' briU 
<ber Colluded. - On tbfMiAA, VaK- 
-Vtrat'i foed<)nalitiM'aMrtfRl)tiAaMf. 
There wai little lUoul )n fait iMHWl- 
lion, -and 11 to hit'foiliaf Ihcy wet* fa- 
ttier the'fubJLai of ridicule than il. 

■ ' " Taycfao at laagth whoHy Mt Ma 
popularit)', by'^ eoalitiort wllfc Aii'ff- 
'^BUritraiid atitlet tai the bowline of 
thebaaftoathiaouaeon, rtndoVllltiti 
awr FMi^.'* 

The author conclude* hil'«Mlrk bf 
•n account of the bcif a nntrafttUa- 
nafi, with refpta to all wha maoaitd 
Mntiaftcr Taycbo, and rone »anraW- 
ona lelatinr to a tax laid Upas ' tbr U- 
hibitanu of PatSfio. ' 1 - - 

The folly of the muliitudti and tka 
knaTcra of |»eicadcn la fkMfMMt, 
iTB ritficuled in ihia little wcrk-wiili 
peat rpkit and humour { but (liin-ira 
miatura of indelicacy md indaeane*^ 
which thuiteh it ca^uot gratify nd 
loofeft imagitiatian, can fbaivt fail Is 
dilguft the coarleft. X 

J CATALac i;b q/'Niw Pvblicati. 

OKI {<miitauiijrem mr ^,] 


loi. Dircourfe* on Varioua Sul^eftf, 
by the Ute Rev. Johu Lelmd, D, S. 
Ivo. 4 Voli. il. 41. Johnfton. 

Thefe Sermona were colleAad aid 
publiAied bv the Rev. Mr. Weld, w^ 
hat prtliied to them an Account of the 
Life and Wriciuga of the aoniabla An- 
ther. X'^'y "^ chiefly npon the Bciag 
■nd FcifeAion of Cod, and ihaCha- 
rajler of Ch'ritt, and breathe an i(b- 
commonSpiiii of Piety andBen'eroknee. 

loa. ConCdcialioiu on the Life nd 
Death of Sl John the Baptift. By C. 
Hmm, D. D. Ira. Parlur. 

(oj. DUmvfeaon tbeXniih o(IU- 
Tcalcd Religion. By Hugh Knox. » 
Volt. da. 


Thi* Epittl* coniaint levenl ^utiMia 
againft MuAakca sad Ern>fa„ to which 
t£e Clergy arc (omnuntt liahlc, and ia 
not unworthy the attention of tbe )MBg 
Snidnit ia Dirioity. 


roe Th«6eaiiardOinlc«af DirFnTe* 
inMM(BHdkf AiMM<*:^^Vttfre«i(Mk», 
«omMhica'vi%uMan«i eA\l<Atx\^< 

:«deutr>^9^^^M>sii>»iio. ' 

ni»/,f^.V/^n.>iiiiik4i.-^etliai.- tndit ofOpiHion, (hit Ei(k)A-1H)i« 

Tliii h'i'^wry fHAta 'VcWi^ of bell Cun for * gpm 'Pi^ovifuu ' Th; 

Morgi-iii'i celotjrticJ Treatifr 0/ Sr- Djiaoi'l 'njcofy is ne* ainl m 'MriAr, 

Jihaj MO'-torun,, a Work which dif. the Succrfs of hii Piai«. Tluflnhl 

utsvf gttal SigKiiy, Jnduftry, axpe- ilxpfrtpncB m^ift deiftmine. 

,i«n« .nJ Learning. , i.e. An Aecoum of the DiCetfn,. 

lofi. A CtHinlet Apperi to the Pub- ? Kaiuial Hiftoi-y, ind Mfcliciii« oflht 

lie', touching the Death of Mr. George Eaft-Indi^s, tranilatcd from tin L«tih 

inflated fro; 
^r Jjuae|.]^9|»liiii. Ivo. j «.. £ d.' Nott' 
*"*''■ "^^ ' .^ ■ 

if the Tranlkt^r «f thit Wprle, bad 
tBcalleA'nl, (ku an doqlUni EQa; u|)' 
- -tb* Difcafe* of bot Ciimu 


pilcJ from the NewiPapen. 

107. Tht Blow : Or, an Enqn'rT 

intotheCiureioftbelateMr.CbiLe^ , ^,_ . ., , . 

Pittbi ' Bf D. Ingnm, SwgMO> ««•, ouUiOicd a Ihort Time lince by Df. 
M. RUtttfctfiai. ' Xind, («lw ««ll*fted ovwr tiling of 

Mr- [ogrtRi itttt a varj' nimiMZ<- Conl>quBii«a thai bM bttn feithoto dii- 

uMrinoD of ftfr. FoDf'i feitdcnct, covered on there fiub|ea«> Ik- wouU 

««Bcl«M.'t]|«Mr. pl*HEie£tfffif die -ptrhapi han let Bonthii fcmain U fb« 

.^ ^.BjowhtKccired at BrtHford, Obrcurit^kefeenii todercrre, from t)w 

. ft IVdita a Surfeit, which producsd a 
fiolfiH iDflaAmiiory Fef cr, BU Rca- 
4to#M«hi* Affmmi, are, 

1. Tkaf from the Da]r he received 
the Blovi lt>^ the Tine of hi* DMfh 
mIAU Mf. Poot, or any OBC b mMch 
M hmK4 at. one Sjmptom of a Coa- 
cdSini wthe Brain, except fbe vomit- 
ing.oiitbf Sundev, which cMfed,irith- 
^. any metiiGil Afliftance (ha 
Asm Dajr. adty. That inicad of a 
SWpgCr wr Ii»btlil)r 4o «»)l pf hit 
Linibti. ice. be walked a doien Mitei 
«f[er hii Head was cut.' \A\y, That 
Inhd'hnther'FraCHii'e, Timat, otDo- 
fr^Aan of the Bone ih liirHeodj ■■ 
, Mr- Foot c«n)d find, nor lepa^tion of 
Ae 'htwird TaMe from the ootward. 
4A1I j. That there was no j:x(nvir?tibn 
fietMCB the Bone* ind Sura.<ihater. 

'iot. A- Treatffe.on the Str^fiore 
wd PisiDiation of the Tcctji. ..B7 R. 
' Cottii, ' Apathtcuy, . iiipo, 11. id, 
■ Coitii. 

, A pUt)7 ft^ of the «mt Talenta 
Mr> Cum* pofTcfR* at a Deniift. ' 
■' 'inq. A Trratile on the Caufe -and 
Cnrt-offlhe Gwi'l, 87 John Carer- 
hill, M.D.tvo. 4tr lluurfe. 
,; T^ii* TrrniCe cuntaiiM aantr hr- 
Iteular* that are well wonh; iho Atttn- . 
' lion oftha AnhriiitPatirnr. ■ 

L Or.^ CavarWll th|nk« 4he <Csuft of 
th'X J^lonlfr doei not aHle frnm an^ 
Iwf .frfltti t pretmiKoral Bute of the 
Soli**, oftaiwited' b^ AeSide* of the . 
'- flthi^ ^tie\tt% n\iftnv%^agt\\itt { and 
rtierrfore he dcfinea iheflJlMfef on At- 
trni'pt in Natitrc to rejuVciiate the Boflj> 

manTEmn iqd AbAinlitiei tbat.i>^'<A 
coDtuned in t^i■ Ptrfofraanee. '' ' 

11 1 . Two Pipe» on th« yie of 01. 
Alfhalti in .(he lotef&iiei. 
Lungi, nd other Viif^. fij T, 
Hcaldt, Mt D. Sro. i (. HingenaB. 

Whan ihe tTlnnnon* «f tLi Vtf''^^ 
cera nib froni B17 evtemal Iniurfi ihia 
Medicine ha* bwa attended walh aioft 
uncomtnon Sacccft, Tho CmMpofitiox 
ii at follow*. Rteipei Afphalti, fi«v 
Bituai. Jvdak. lb. t. SiU. decrtpil. A^ 
f). ' Aneine pum lb. ib. Thefe ^.. 
diftilled in a Betott with a ftronc Fire, 
till a Uadc Qil coatei over, which is 
what U made nle of. The Dofe it Attn 
IS to 14- Sio^, ob a lump ,of St^r^ 
'^lofning and Evening. 


III. The hiftory of Emiljr Mojinta- 
pje. Bythe Author of Lady JulifMarfi* 
Seville, iimo. 4. Vol* 10*. ngdOey. 

The Scene of thii &oiqaac4|i« for 
the, molt part in Canada t it j» writKi^ ,. 
in a Seriei of Leitert, many of*, whictt; 
wc elegant, iiiftruAiTeandcnieTtaining.^, 

!■}. An Sffay on Pstuotiftf, Jif<ti- 

This Writer conCJera lik-Kanre m4 
Oti^n of public Virtue, and coacludet 
hi»ECiy With fonieleabnable R<6tk)aftb 
0(1 the prercnt SttuaiHHi of Affdn: 

IJ4.. C«Blider)mft<'**^e Depei^tn-; 
<io«,«j;Gmt Britain, tw. it. Abmrn;' 

Tliit Performance ch.i«fljf rtWalii;' 
the Affain of Ireland, TGe Wrtter, . 
in Oppofiuoti tr the Author of the Stitc.. 
. dT the'Naiian, fhcwi how veiy inc^pv 
fale that Kingdom i* of :fOBti>baiing 
' asnualtji, tiiv*.ri% ileftpyinf ' 

r thaPiTOWRhiltV.asd'faiif'if tlw ^M^ta Exprncr, a« it haa 

iV CintilMioll uilhttA4tca«i'fMiIMr<'. .aeonnviuod x. Debt of jpo.oaou 9«tt 

ijt-.€iofai-h.fS'»erd(<t i:I(i-trut4iiff of .'>n«T*^<»("o*<qti^ ttktl>*!«tiRAof>^ > 

t^iCm^- im atixMtn the EHjrih ofr-^Dc^ilil ^«i^«4!A\-- '^^^ " <-.\ 

wkd Silk, Mox3, OpiuDi, and Iffuei, * ■ ■ X"^*^ 

p/Sbl«r«n<l1<tHlbtfi*l, ' _ .. fpwrtwMtl 

CoiiliiTtiw-liml, wktcb lifl^«W AraveVi' 

•rthTuowfrndneanveidlnli . 

liKif t the fM^M «f Iwadawti 

mA,"^ ODRfc^lH hli fuie t 
■M-O! »"• fct erwde^t ! 
S£M tVrJ Iia«. and lUt ill feiT 
urdMilif to guird out tiCitd lift*, 
Wiys iuofli conntiif'i uofe .' 
1%1'r ni)- *bj ihit honeft name, 
.Hme nhl Miion Aill fhe fiKr.c. 
)U«lldr lO mSr J*ltk b* ihuiEl", 
Hm fitft prUM Wll™ 1 w« t iiOKhf. 
wtori lim.-LTivitli pride be fiid, 
f)«id bofD, in Engliad bnJ, 
dqa>wellb«<oinei rliecarlieft'ftace, 
)(r)i<n of Jibacty inniic t 
.btiore mf eyes iliole hcroei Itaod, 
ftnuVtilliimbiouebcto blejj (hia 

Ikh piom cire ihit r^o'itjUi plan 
««tl bounded— which he fitll bc^in. 

In Miurc't haypicit bumM buWTW cw,^ ■ n. . 

^ Mo NO b V|« ,,„ 
Or lit ttmrt ^- StJitkm. »m..tit.pMH ^ 
JVH—*. . . 

^niii Sihrt Jkrtrt . .;;. . 
« HD in ibafe pertwh tll'd «*!« IWt&l 

ThafB_ ttuugbu «hic]ii;leui'diriA.CiG(n-. 

Are ihe^, m^ ^uiu. pifi'd like vutgai «fr, 
Dioop'd ii ihT pUinKj to rif* ob boMM 

Innitii Fcilbnz ueii: u folloi 
,,.■■ MEN 

1 Pitnce liJlwtid. 
ibfte. M™i-£.'- 

' tfiid MelfinE'on. 

'Mifter M^dilcn. 

• Mtli«f NiHlh, fun 


tltMcCi AaevtU. 

liiMnh Klijilrih, 
4lB:-Rn*»l .HiBh=tfe ihe Mnce o( 
b^'-de>th tt'i ui.ieeriiU; timcved 

Ik melt gncinn ."Wfner 

ptht biirh of hit ptrfrr .j. .,, 

rit In ihe r..)rJ»ii>E r.m..luMe 
Lsnt Mdyoi, and which ihcfe 
he to [he icnumbtiiiTCB of Ersr; one 
rfiirA-n' GnrrJFim, 

lAtj 1 ^Hipe, ii»r come lo tfant u 
ItagrAitHih o( ( free puple, which 
'BOW njnyi, and ii (hd^l^ oiy eao" 
I ji* n&A u/ Lit flit w, " 

/s /iiw ^H »f iI, ibiuUapnmii affiu, 
tnhick ifuiHt u 6t (woaroifJ, AJji itrur if 
AUmiay will, I Inpr, ciirUwi Ikl Mlitr jitg { 
am luiikc apjiii-Mtf M'tniiri, rtrjatai/lt 
^b} ,/!< rJmlfin- Ii " "-i thiurrf.pjgffir,, 
viiich a ■»» ptttM gr d wiirr iitrrifitiS i*tu 
■iii^Vhavt act-finl, jWrfiir /; *r fmpH-Jt} t' 
mrf.f in mr, / rdi si/> o^rai r4<r I tn tnelrneA t 
ft-wn/f I «> cirWKiJ, aifar at m, tnJirflt-ths 

i'isirt Ihii (HXr; r. dtfiriiaitt ; oit^jiu, i ^n( 

iir, mJj ti fniijlal Ibai gy rAjt mtifarBiM 

plaa *u abm a caami> iribt, ]VSl\i9. 


POETIKASTOS^Wf */i (wMAfi i* 

Juiiidt, B-J ii£ttl n mdtigat'lfnmft cH^ntnl 

■ >■>«< ./ i*f *.ai,ftfw adfrUtmt, ^it th.rt ii 

,. -i,t,- " rprgmifi q((miiu" fjiUi Jtfm^. , Hiitttf 

[he eiij wjt lkiliim.fii*ki%fi>iuir,tmrr*t«nf<f 

iht ind mamir af Ut E^ayifi Jipiitt 

tmi Noiib. 

f Junius dn^a ndr fi«iCT«, flrVirf^ Jot !-, l« 
sed.M A(ti ^.f ki B.I [At d'J(r''£iinlts''^McK 


KM.Seabof R-n, 

2^1 «tGf«i»nvA^ACAZ(N^jT«t.^Xil. 

'tb/p^Bel-r-k>r«itbahu^orb^iBp«feV \^'' S E E t'c'h 'jb A. P. 

thmonlmK. idmc thai «itk 

TlHetBr Sow^ mn> *Uchli4 tlUMM^ The pmd iflfnior.-Lerelliiie-, hi. p,n, 
^ . 'Ir*'^' .^ -j^ .... .. ■ Ho«^ei JifciiiM, » ijnw b hit beui. 

'■^P^*^'**'' •? "^'J^-^ » Ttadcft«nM, «bofr eW*n« ufli tua. lo., 

Wfac pion fei Tiac, vuk fp«cioBi ftuli tlaM 
DteiDii of each to^ue *«. fW /ubveii a jliu 
J*e nv*-W p«rio£, ito} of 1 diy. 
Euxtrt hii cnuli jrd fi>d fiwone bum. . 
The prtnrt vice-aonj^.br psblk Md^ 

CiA AxcfmfiiiaWwCoaCIIikecg'i-^ I 

Anrfauke ji one caolinMd dijiljufli^ A. I 
TliuiDBjdej, cjiQiiag in:eiefti comtiiNh]. -J 
Which no gi^iod cid& cikiU e'er uniic uij^ 
Thu» initchj lo gt(«(Bin«oi jiMWjd*, 
And frefAvnt panCie^ ii( iLkiu;^ ler frwn* 
Such fiicndi ^1 broDtln jitosd Ackot t» ifa 

A ftom««Ke Aim'cf^ i:td Ei^nrf »»v b* 

The Enarijil tfMgtt tlai biciii bcnuUi iti 

The erowitelfiililutlhilu the golden feiihi' 
Tbetlood [uo ticb ihiiburAirbe iurgld r*iB i I 
Ttt high fwola ftiom ihil aiowia it* taniil 

Totbefc ifue mirrortfffeibiniMr rrfm 
To oe» Iw wiw m, fentlef., coiel rpocc : 
'-'-'- '^--■-"' wiplr/etn,. 

ft M,riMMI, af ifa« CDIIMWd, 

I>M mK Ml A&U)I kBiw> •dm my biod { 
GofMitbuchMiaR u«lu Mnb, 

WtiA ualcl'd pigc oa tirj cadence nm, 
Fi ilpit > l»,«iih pnr-iKiMd, ■■ha»f«Me, 
> VttiBeud Ticc ^Icbidi'd him* e *-^ ' 


S T A. N S. A S. 

JF nektOKoiMndiei coutd taoA hii fiwl. 
Or pioat Mn thai elo* wMh fent*^ fao, 
lnioi fcUime ibJi (pundfroii fwKn pnlr— 
Each mufefbr Jwnhit W"u1d adi^ihc Ijre. 
But ih! infalnihERraCeiillnuj trr 

Todarmhiieir wfthmelod]! diriae, 
Wbile jnjur'd Biiiiin claimi-ihE Ibciil hRb, 

"While {hcred fmdooi doei !n ihieklei jom. 
So, tft hlfn; weepinKo'ef h't c«Dii;tT'i voei, 

.Kou&a'l h*» Rsniui 'o piwefl inJ ftrc j . . -,_,.^ — ._,, 

lU^'d wi:li ibolc poir'ii thai Ihill dtttt: bci "^ '" '*" inifcbi<^f> of the fooiK tesc. 

FroniJuPiu'Sji fr:riih;i>Tcn)iii:c£iiiia: 
Stc,Gloiyfeat> huiilo hir );DWjn cu, 
f '' Aid Itampi oa oiiciK fiaia ht< patriot 
name." Nf-W INW. 


Chifle Libeny mij God prjtcft *n3 hteti, ■ 

Ani diain Itie praflimte [bit i^ u hti dieCt I 

The Frtnth t^erffi, ninttr Oi^tp^d'^TJ^. 
tatiV'j Figure, infirltilimliitfbffmiw 
far JaauBTj, par^hrifid. ' " . 

or (hofe malt fond^, ft* *«*: - 
WtJch chifte cMBuhNl !•<« M^nr/ 
liti'iieisfanouR cnhW' • 
U Pleifare'idownjchaiBhtiWtad. 
luenc on kaovled.i-e ha A4m 

Theit Tuwn mi