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Full text of "The Gentleman's magazine"

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^•"■.VU-„OLSAV,>8o.V, 25 



PAHLIAJI 




PREFACE. 



Wk trust tliat we have redeemed the pledge which we made 
to our Readers hi the commencement of our New Series — that, 
witliout altering the roniititution of our Magazine, we would en- 
deavour to make it embrace a Urger circle of Literature, and 
enter into more diversi6ed subjects of inquirj'. We have uscti 
our best, judgment in the seh'ction of the nrticles submitted to us ; 
and we believe that, in the last year, there will be found few com- 
munications admitted into our jiages, which huve not been recom- 
mended by the usefulness or elegance of the information which 
they afforded. 

In the revival of Anglo-Saxon Literature, we congratulate our- 
selves on a long-neglected branch nf learning shooting forth with 
unusual \'igour, and rising as it were out of the very heart of our 
historic and antiquarian researches. We expect that many valu- 
able documents connected with our early poetry and history, will 
l>e drawn forth from the obscurity in which they have lain, and 
illustrated with that learning and skill which will leave all former 
competitors far tx;hind. Beowulf has been edited with a scholar's 
talent ; and we hope that Latamon will ere luni; confer still fur- 
ther honour on its weU-informed and accomplished editor. 

Proferet in lucciu speciou vocabola remm ; 
Qdip (>rtscis mpmorsut Cslonibu* atque Ccthegis, 
Nunc situs iorormis prcmit, ct dcMrta vf histu. 

In Classical Literature little has been published that calls for 
our observation; and therefore we have been able to pay the 
more attention to many old and neglected volumes of I'oetrv, 
which, besides their intrinsic value, throw a light on circum- 
Ktanccs connected uitli our language, manners, and history. 

Every thing relating to the Antiquities of our country has b' 



rr 



IV 



PREFACE. 



diligently remarked and collected by us ; and if we have been 
altogether silent on the subject of Politics^ it has arisen from a 
conviction that it enters far too deeply and prejudicially into our 
present Literature, and by its temporary and overpowering at^ 
tractiun, draws the general mind away from the quiet and unob- 
trusive paths of useful learning. 

Our present plan has been formed, after much consideration, 
as must suitable to the general demand ; and in the execution of 
it we have endeavoured to collect materials of intrinsic and 
Rterling value. If, in our Kcview of New Publications, we 
sometimes linger too far behind the expectations and anxieties of 
the author, it has arisen from a wish to do tliat justice which 
can alone be afforded by a calm and deliberate penisaU In our 
desire to commend, when a work of genius or soUd learning is 
before us, we may perhaps sometimes extend our observations 
beyond the room which we could prudently spare ; and a delay 
may arise, from our anxiety to state the reasous with fulness and 
impartiabty which govern our critical decisions. We hope, how- 
ever, that there is little just cause of complaint on that head. 

Concerning the miscellaneous nature of the materials which 
must of necessity be collected in a Magazine like our own, the 
proportion which each subject should resj>cctivcly occupy caii 
never be defined with precision : a mutual and liberal concession 
will be made by our different readers, 

PoscciitcB vario muUum divcrsa palato; — ^| 

recollecting that, whatever may l>e their particular and favourite 
pursuit, the search after truth, and the advancement of liberal 
knowledge, is the common object of all. 



JULY, 1834. 
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gknt. 



CONTENTS. 

MlHOB CoBSKSrONDKVCy 3 

HtsTORT OP WiKBS, hf Cjms Redding 3 

Colkkidqb's Poktical WoftKC 11 

Mr. Coleridfe'A Ballul of the Dark Udie, 13.— Youth and Agt 14 

Diary op a Lotkb. op XiiTSRAnimB, by Thomu Green, Esq ib. 

Record CoMMieeion, No.III. — Statutes of the Realm, Rymer*! Foedera 93 

Memoir of Sir Edward Verne/, Standard-bearer to Chorlea tht First SI 

Architeotaral Aatiqaitiea of DeronshiEe — Chamhea of CoUumptoD, Tirerton, 
AIpbiiigtOB, BroadcUst ; Halls of Weare Gibrd, Bndler, Bradfleld, *m4 
Tawstock ; Exeter Cathedrd ; Chwchet of BamsUple, Bideford, Torring- 

ton, Weare Giffard, Newton Bushel, Dawlisb, Bishop's Teigoton, &c U 

Account of Chalfield Manor-house, Wilts 39 

Romu Bath and encaostic TilM, discovered in Exeter 41 

Qucstiones Venusin«, No. IV. — LoUios Tindicated 49 

Lydgate's B/come and Chicherache. 43 

PoBUS, by the Rev. J. MiTPORD^InscriptioB intended for the Terrace in Rich- 
mond Park — Sonnet, on seeing the Venerabte Oak in Windsor Forest, &c. 44 
Ijnxs, hj the Ker. W. L. Bowi.b«, afiar hearing the Musical FeitiTal in 

Westminster Abbej 45 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBUGATIONS. 
Betham's Gari, or Cymbri, 46.— Eorafie dnrii^rtiw Middle Ages; Mrs. 
Grimstone's Cleooe, 50. — Ficken's TrwUtionaiy Storiea, fig. — Yoong Mus- 
corite; Martinean's Political Economy, U.— Writings of Washington, 5S. 
— Rose on the Study of Dinnity, 57.-r-Weatherliead'8 Philosophical Ram- 
bler, 58.— MarMs* History of India, 60.~Memorials of Oxford, 61.— 
Book of PeoeltiM, fi3.— Bowles's EngUah Village Church, a Sermon, 65.— 
Keightley'e Tales of Popular Fiction, 65.— ArcbttologU. Vol. XXV. 66.— 
Glover's History of Dcrbyahire, 70.— Greswell's Discourses, Olympia Mo- 
raU. Wakefield^s Public £zpenditure, Naturalist*s jUbrary, Bp. of Ltan- 

daJT'sCborge, &c. &c T3 — 80 

FINE ARTS,— Royal Academy, flee 80 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

New PablicationB, B3. — Learned SocietleB, 84. — Installation at Oxford, fiw. 85 
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCH ES.—Society of Antiquaries, 89-- Lady Chutel, 

St. Mary Orery, 90.— Sales of Ancient Coins, &c 91 

■HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— Proceedings in Parliament, 9S.— Foreign New*, 

97. — Domestic Occurrences, 98. — E>romotions — Births — Marrisgei lOO 

OBITUARY; widi Memoirs of the Earl of Borliogton. 108.— Lord Blayney, 
lOS.— Rear-Adm. Sir C. Cunningham, 104.— John Fuller, esq., 106.— Col. 

T. B. firydges-Barrett, 107.— Thomas Edwards, esq 107 

Deaths, arranged in Counties 108 

Bill of Mortality— Markets— Prices ofShares, 1 1 l—Me(eorol(^calDiary— Stocks 1 1» 

Embellished with a View of Guf at CtiAi,ptELD Mawob Uocbe, Wilts j 

ami Rcprfi-rnUlionFof somf E-vcai'stic Tiles found st Exktbb. 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



The Diary of a Tour from Norfolk to 
Liverpool, communicated by aTradeeman, 
is written with good sense (except when 
he condescends to describe bis individoal 
fare at tbe inns), but it scarcely possesMS 
sufficient originality of information or re- 
mark to merit the honour of passing ntb 
prelo. 

The communications of T. C, J. A^ 
and J. H. B. shall be inserted when we 
can find space for them. 

H. B., of Mansfield, is referred on the 
•nbject of his letter to some chapters in a 
a book called, 'The Harmony of hin- 
guage,' by W. Mitford, Esq. the historian 
of Greece. 

FiTZ-RosB remarks, "Matthew, siith 
Viscount Kingflland, died issueless, and 
the titles are supposed to be extinct. The 
Hon. John Bamewall, stated in March, 
p. 399, to hare sooceeded as seventh 
Visoount, died unmarried many years 
previous to his father's decease. 

" Your correspondent, M. page 479, is 
mistaken in stating that Uie title of 
Baronet, granted in 1B06 to Sir Hugh 
Bateman, of Hartington, co. Derby, is 
now extinct. Sir Hugh was succeeded 
by his grandson, Sir Francis Edward 
Scott, Bart, son of his eldest daughter, 
Catherine Juliana Bateman, by Sir Ed- 
ward Dolman Scott, Bart., of Great Barr, 
CO. Stafford. 

" Lord Teignmouth, (p. 552,) was 
created a Baronet of England under the 
designation of Sir John Shore, of Heath- 
cote, CO. Derby ; this corrects a mis- 
statement in Debrett's list of Baronetcies 
merged in Peerages, Lord Teignmouth'a 
baronetcy being there described as Shore 
of Teignmouth, co. Devon." 

J. P. inquires for an account of the 
Rev. John Hildrop, A.M., who was rec- 
tor of Wath, near Ripon, in 1743, and 
anthor of an ironical and witty ' * proposal 
for repealing certain statutes dUea the 
Ten Conunandments ; " besides other 
pamphlets. 

G. in turning over an old newspaper 
fbr another purpose, lately met with the 
following notice of the official actirity of 
Grabbe's father, which he thinks may be 
intereating to those who have lately pe- 
rused the Poet*s Life.—" Sunday last 
vere seised near Martlesham, by Mr. 
John Church, Mr. George Crabbe, and 
Mr. Samoel Aldricb, of Aldeburgb, three 
tlfs, eontaining near 1000 yards of 
■gBa,il7«wdaof600yBrdsof lace, 130 
* of dik gann, some tea and other 
^OB three foreigners who were set 
from a Dutch Hoy, at or near 
I %mA the aboTC-mentioned Mr. 



Church and Mr. Crabbe, with the aaaist' 
ance of another officer, have seised the 
said Hoy near Harwich, and carried her to 
Aldeburgb, where the goods are lodged in 
the Custom House." — Public Advertiser, 
T\ietday, April lih, 1767. 

In answer to ANnacAntvs (May, 
p.458), Mr. Wm. HoHTON Llotd offers 
tbe foUowing extracts froTo. a MS. pedi< 
gree of Radclyffe in his possession, found- 
ed, he believes, on those in Whitaker'a 
Wballey, with additions and corrections 
(as supposed) by the late Mr. W. Rad- 
cliffe, Rouge Croix, and he also refers to 
the pedigree of Sandbaoh in Ormerod's 
Cheshire, voL3, p.56. The blazon of Sand- 
bach is not a "fess Sable," but " Sable, 
a fess," &c. Ormerod, ftvm Booth's pe- 
digrees, gives the field azure. By the 
Cheshire pedigrees, it appears that Eliza- 
beth, daughter and heiress of Sir Richard 
de Saabacb, aon of Thomas de Sandbach, 
was wife of John Lt^h of Booths, and 
they had issue Maud, dan. and heiress, 
who was wife of Richard Radclyffe of 
Ordeshall. This is confirmed by the pft« 
digree of Legh of Booth, in the 3d vol. 
of Ormerod's Cheshire. Sir John Legfa of 
Booths (father of John above-mentioned), 
married Maude, dan. of Sir John Ardeme 
of Aldford, wbo gave her a moiety of 
Mobberley; bat she does not appear to 
have been his heir, although her great- 
grandson, who was possessed of that 
moiety of Mobberley, quartered her arms. 
Sir John Radclyffe, son of Richard and 
Maud Iiegh, married tbe dan. and heir of 
Robert TrafTord, of Trafford; and he was 
probably tbe owner of the silver seal, be- 
cause a later generation would have quar- 
tered also the Trafford arms : and tbe four 
quarterings of tbe seal agree with those 
which be would be likely to marshal in 
the same order. 

Ekeata. — P. 563. Two clergymen are 
here combined; the Rev. Edward Stanley 
Rector of Alderley, Cheshire, and brother 
to Sir J.T. Stanley, is, we are happy to 
say. still Uving. Erase therefore "and 
of Alderley, — Anglesea, esq." 

P. 570, b.31. For Brackley Moreton, 
read Brackley. 

P. 597. Last line, read Kelly. 

P.639.a.5, from bottom, read Neology. 
Last line,j^ final read first. 

P. fi39. The total given of the sale of 
Armour is that of the last day only ; the 
" tottle of the whole" was 2995/. It. 

P. 649, a. 6, read the Rev. George Bland. 

P. 652. Sir Henry Trelawney was gene- 
rally called Sir Harry, and his name spelt 
Trelawny. 

P. 666, for Hill read Still. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



HisToay OF wnsES. 

Ry Cvmi-K RsoDiNO. 18.13. 8vo. 



" Faci'ndi calices quern non fecere discrtum V — ^Vl o would not be elo- 
quent, u bun diticoursiiig ott tbat \rhich is every where described us tbe 
toother of Pleasure, and tbe nurse of EloqacocCt oliot vuft^uyos. Mr. 
Cynis Kedding is a true DioDj-Hiack. lie u deep it* the mysteries of 
Bacchus, knous the vcrj- penetralia of the divine cellnr, and can trace the 
histor)' of all U'inos from the daj's of Xoah, down to our degenerate timet 
of adidtcrated pttrt and sherry, brewed in the Donidaniel caves of fire. 
We never read a moii.' delightful buuk. Wc Kruacked our l]|)ti at every 
page J we tasted, or beeincd to (aste, the raspberrv flavour of his Bur- 
gundy i the violet uroiaa, delicate and fine, of hi3 J^ I'lttc. M'c had such 
visions of Kunny vineyards, and purple clusters, and foaming vats, and 
maiitUdg goblets, and beautiful nyuiptis » a'athed u-itli viny tendrils, and 
waggons reeling under their frngrant and luscious load, and ' patent spu- 
mantia rina capaci ;' and then we ht^lieved that we srere seated at tables 
i jol'd in regal »t&te, and by the sideboard, 

*' Axtnbat domioi meosia poldicrrimiu ille 
Mnrmoreftfundens algrn PUenia maoa, 
Et libatn clabat rtueiii Cirrhmia lubri* 
QuiK potfrant i|nact solUcitsre Jovem," 

Weapped, we tasted, wc inhaled the arooMtic boutfuet. We distingnished 
the $rw, we wknowlcdgcd and approved the veioutc, and we amnckid 
our lips at the patruj ; — but, save the mark ! it wsa, after all, nothing but 
B day dream. It was a momentary touch of the thyrsus of ijie god- We 
woke sobered, and saw our jug of hmall bkku standing by us. H'c never 
tafite Champagne-cream ; our Hps are never purpled \\ itli the rich bluod 
ef the Garonne, except ut our Publisher's table, at tlie settling the half- 
, yearly accounts, — a day much to be cBteciucd ! ! 

Mr. Redding docs not enter into the histor)' nf ancient Wiiies ; but we 

learu from him and others enough to assure us that the wine which 

' graced the table of Augustus, would soon have been dismissed from that of 

I George the Fourth. VVhat would his Majesty* (God bless him !) have 

[tboogfat of mixing salt water with Barnes's claret ; or putting into his 

bottle of l^omane ConU a certain quantity of hepatic aloes ^ \Vhat would 

he think ol boiling, stewing, mixing, and pouring honey into his dclicule 

white Hcnaitage ; or ofg:iviiig a delicious flavour to his ('hampagnc, by 

means of rusln, pitch, wax, the smoke of the fumariuui, tar, spiitenard, 

pine-leaves, bitter almondih the juice of the wild cucumlwr, and the hairy 

' skin of a he-goat ? No wonder Augustus could never gtt through more 

than a pint^ tbongh he put in as much Konc^ as the liquor would take up. 

. * There is axooitstory, at p. .ISO, of Mr. ReddiD^'n booli. of George thr Puurtit 
Ibmn; takrn ia, witli rrgard to ftomp fine Kiae, by Home of litii old courtifn, who 
Idraak it aH uat, and palmr d mdmi ritjr brrwsf^e ou tlie nDiux|itriuiu moaarif^ 














H layaaet bat 
tf ilpMM. TWMaiMtk viae 
k «m' vhilr. Kgbl tt AfMbM, ud mfacr ft« 
tft la lArt Ike Wid. Hanev ■ tf i riw t tM CVapaln vaed ta driak 
■f t>i» It— •*■ b^ ii iM i < » ki*f Md » yif I b bet. IW iMrd to 
Ifltfe ka« tkM UK kcT raiac>c< wm ionm^ druk. tS 
MMRn Wf : ' Mcatcs(|M igw^mttam Jfimtiicv> ivdKgit ui wV 




We Wfc Ml ti«« Co n nm tuH tht ^MJilk* of tW ranimt m jat a «r | 
<MBeot, vIm^ «v inanitiiHil by Wr Uida. The Thuiu wv ki*c 
' tW» CMM that «l Uibos. wlikft AriMode |ii«Mn« ' 
iIm thrt «f Rhodes. $^*r ; Mw^ . attdikt 




piM, Md Am fraa FWaier, nd iW Mndau. faaed for tu 
yrf '' ' 1 fW CfCUft, cImi l»4 i w ^ 9, for itt frtfrucv like fluwen 
~ andfigMi the wM CUw, wiich had i 




A» U i«i r .iea.«aft 

caiMMe aaavf Oicek irae*, w the FaJef^aa mmnw the 
| «i f ail»d flepriiB ^ the Pepanthas, rery hitter -. the drf nd 
PiMMkbc* cachcwcd by the daiatv AlbeaUat, m called A«o r«v 
tttm tuAouBf ^ fcTOOoa*) aodtbe wtmrtcrfiil Hrriao joke [m 
which r ca dned the mtm/aoL, ami at e ad/era/ coajcfaeace |4« var 
l»)le ; aad Ihc t u icy aida « Myvdaa and Halkmnanu, the fbrnwr 
phrn WW called &Xftorirt%, faecanae the hihahitanta nixed ao 
wmm * with their gnpe-joice. u casacd grfolii|i and Poimgi 
tency. TW focst Roaun arioea were the Maasic, xad FaJeiv 
tkl ealb U 'uuMrtal.' 11iat it wu very ktroo^. likr « 
^«ear, appcan from tlie epithet of ' iodomitum/ bntowrd 
PervtDl. and by Horace declariog that il rei)uircd mixing vut 

■ <]ai4 fniOTociiu ^V 

^^^ RcfUagart vd*»ta Fattni W 

^^^B FoenU, pivtereiuit* Ijaiphk ■ W 

It bept weD; (br1>aBiafippu9, when Geer» dined «iu 
Falentiao of 400 yean old, and wlipn the gfMl Baa tasted 
he nodded to hit b«it and said, " Beoe suiem fert." f J 

• TV Oratk irta« •« im6eA ioin i«o rbnw«, U.j*pifv sW 
«B«M • inaUr or Um proiKXtioa of water. Thr wioc mai0 
aaJM 0;^»» 4«x«rM>»<**k. Horace ioaka ct the Ckiu u ' M 
|«tat¥-6r«t ©a« of thv ihird baok, W aiMaU of 'Via* Ungui 
battava, aot tlttmlusre to Iw /uikmI, «c*pi in Ui* IfiA ode uf U 
anhora lamnrtl mllil' . ^ 

t TK» aaW»««l to1<» of utU)aUr *• '*» f*'*"^ of (ke c 
of th» WgUmimn ffrapr, 

" Ae MathyiaM #!»« UttU e«w« r»lerato/* 
*• .• «K na la Cirrataa dkam 
Kkaakmi Nk nUt* utao aoaiaad* Fakrau.'^ 
*' n Bao^ can. Falmiuft igiir.— Hoa. m 
all tit prOM »rtler«. Il aUo apijeaf* thrt it ««» ^l 

^^1^ p«rco/B«w fi»JI»r«a »iwo." (MariUl, fv. 1 1 . 40.) 9 
ion dtoUi. HRiu ruLOf^a paatricoi*. iRucUiuide 
rfMi9havaaoaal<)i«rfd it tn br like « rirfa Msdrli*. 



or Ht» I 
Battfv 



to have had a casic in his cellar of 36 years standiDji;. Besides thnc, there 
were the inferior wioes ; there \ms the SaWne, nohi/f vhirm, (he Surxen- 
tinam, Albnuum. and Sctinnm, (the favourite of Augustas,) and the win« 
recommended by St. Paul to Tttua. for his itomach ; the Nniiirtitiinum, like 
claret ; the u iiic of Veuafnitii, of Spolernm, of a blight golden L-alnur ; 
the Slciliaa Mamertinnin, the PoUinni of SyraciLsc, the growth of Cirsena, 
Ligvria, Verona, the uioes of Marseilles and Narboone, ' the tiotel sceot- 
ed grajK of Vienna,* and the rich Muscat of Langnedoc. That tite nn- 
cicrit5 were ae fond of wine as we are, seems (|aite clear ; and a» they 
drank theirs free of doty, no wonder thai they did not stint themselves to 
a pint' Mflcht<ieder drank his wine. Homer is very elot]D«ut in its 
praise ; be calliii it •aaror Bt'tov, a divine beverai^ ; and tlorace iDttmates 
that he indnlged pretty freely b his cii]% 

LAtutibiu arguitur viui vintMUii Hotncrtu." 

Neater warmed himself with generons libations of wine cln'en veara 
old, ^.vheKAriM fftuvr^: and Ulysses is descrilx^ as iiMloI)jfiiij{ in old 
sweet wine, o'wotn mXainv ijiiuTrarota. Achilles drank wine and water, 
when he dined m garfon ; but when he hud friends, -tupoTfpou hi irr- 
patp«, he brooght in his Ma^um bontims. And even Naasicaa was al- 
lowed a ceUartt at her command ; for she and her yoang ladies aat down 
to their bottle, of the "rinupi virgineum ;" — which we hope was Cowsl!|i. 

The prires of the ancient wines seem to Lave raried, Ukc ours, accord- 
ing to quality and lo age. 'I'he ver)- worst kind appears to have sold for 
little mure than one pound the hogiihcad ; but about double that price, or 
eight (founds the ton. seems to have been the cnramon ralue. 

In the year A. <\ tiiM. (wc wish he had lived then) was an excellent 
rintage, .\nd wines were laid in at 100 nnmmi the amphora, which is 
about seven ponnds the hogshead. An iunphnra nf i\\v best Chinii was 
sold for a ibovsaDd nnmmi, or eight pounds, eleven shillings and ftvo 
pence. The nerrants were allowed about a pint and u half each doily -, 
(he Romans, as would be induced by their climate, generally draak their 
wine cold, but a few preferred hot negus ; ohi debanchues, whose stomachs 
could no longer bear liquors cold, drank hot wine. Thence \cm u-as 
' called Caldus Nero, and Tiberias had the nick-name Biberius Csldns. 
Calidum bibebant I Augustus was forbidden by his physician to drink 
warm wine and water. The vinum decoctuin was that which was 5rst 
boiled, and then cooled in snow ; this was a refinement of Nero's upon the 
old custom, of putting luin^w of ice or snow into the wine. The favorite 
water was that which caiue from the aqueduct, called .Aqna Martia -, it 
was distinguished for it« splendor and purity. Pn^rtiua says, hb. iii. 
7. 26. 

" T<:iu]Nmt uinovaiB Martia Ljmpha menun." 

Seneca n-ns afraid of these iced wines ; he thought they pmdaced a 
srhimis in the Hver. " (^uid tn (he says) illam wstivam' nivem, non 
putas Caldnm obdncere Jeeinoribus V Wine was drank at all their meals, 
breakfast. dinner, and supper; — AnparKr^a, 'Apitrrnr, ^t'lTvav, of these, 
the dinner was the ligbte«t, aud sometimes was taken without uine, for 
which reason Varro aUU it, ' Prandinui Caninum;' the expression 
" Ccenic Tcmpestivw." appears to apply to the $tatrd haun of the uteal, 
and not to the duration of it, or the manner in which it was |»erformed; 
The supper hour among the Greeks, was later than that of the Romans, 
which was * antequiim ndvcsperasreret." But wc must now descend fmm 




* 




i 



these remote tiu)e« nnd leave tlic Koniaii dloor-oitt to M'het h\s iippctite 
wiUi Lis garuiQ auil uyslers; tlicn to awiJIuw liis PromuUis^ mid aAer 
discusnng his dmncr, take out his pomatum-box. ^_ 

— PuDile ca|iiicibus ^H 

Utij^uenU tic cODchis, ^^ 

which be handed about, (" nardo vtiia mcfeberis.") and alter being well 
aoointcrl. and haniig put on his head a garland of rosea, or a wreath of 
myrtle, we must leave him to talk about his tine estate in Africa, his new 
purchase near York, which he bouj,'ht (a capital bargain) of Semprouius ; 
tioiv- many slarcs he had in his CaUbrian farm ; of his new nlla at Baiii-j(thBt 
he would nut change for Pisu'k ;) hoiv u-eJl the empress looked yastenlay al 
the Circus; how high the I'iber had risen from the rain last niqhti and 
how Mcca^nas's chariot was seen stopping towards dark at Pnlchena't 
lodgings in tlie Via Sacra, (a sly rt^uc that Mecffuas !) ; how sorry he was 
to hear that Cicero had a bad sore throat and could not speak ; and 
that Antonius Musa had ordered him the liver of a sea hedgehog, well 
beaten up with turpentine and fresh garhck, with a ptisan of pounded 
barley, and mi]k vtrgiuis annorum minus xiii, and a we^k Meliorate 
four times a day ; and assured his friends that if he lived on that for a 
couple of weeks, he would be able to reappear in the forum ; how Cato's 
legs were beginning to swell, and he \vas becoming leocophlegmatJc with 
a disordered digestion, ^^'hether they bad heard uf a shocking rpidcmic 
appearing in Rome, that was supposed by the Seriate to arise from tlic 
exposure of a putrid Inxly of an hippopotamus in Upper Kgypt ; and that a 
iletachnicnt of the IJtIi legjou with oue of the Cousuls, was uiider orders to 
sail, for the purj>oac of burying it, with an o^ering of a new gold beard to 
Jupiter Serapis ; though some, among whom was the Pontilex Maximns, 
attributed the cause of the pestilence (AfmUo's anger) to a child boni nith 
two heads, in a village near Aotiocb. All these iiighly curious nnd in- 
teresting subjects we must quit, to come to ' tejufwra nubis pmprioraj' 
and we must le^ve the roinpany of the elder Cyrus, to put oui'selves under 
the guidance of his illustrious modern namesake, Mr- Cyrus Uedding. 

The varieties of the vine are very numerous. In SjMiin, more than four 
hundred have been discovered j* and in Fmncc a thousand distinctions 
have been reckoned. Mr. Dnmont observed nineteen varieties in one 
vineyard (^ the Jura. It is impossible to trace its original country ; the 
wild phuit is lost, as the parent stock of the wheat t is also sought in vain, 
but they both came doubtless from the East. The limits within which the 
vine fiovrishes (for it will grme more south and north) are in an extent 
of about sixteen degrees ; takiug the north latitude of Coblcutz, ^1». and 
the south of Cyprus 31". 304 '^ ''^ l>"^ trends from the east suuth-ivesl, 
and nius from Coblentz to the mouth of the Ixitre ; yet hock and champagne 
are both made three degrees north of the mouth of the Loire .- and therefore 
it is very dithcull to aserrtain tlic reason why, as ytni approach the ifCff/, the 
latitude in which the wine flourishes, retreats. This liowevcris the caac j 
and perhaps the greater humidity of the climate may account for it ; per^ 
hap« its more clouded skies and less solar light. Wu have heard that ui 

* The EDgliah profile ia f^nuTml know the aamr* of a few vine^ardM, Irat (hry are 
quite itEoorsat of tbc niuni-* uf tike ypapW, tOBS of «hirli wr liJivf Kivcn Turther on. 

i- Mr. H. Mumr sn^s, llut tlw nMUWHWf «>Aea/ in found in Borbarj ; wrshoold 
I Ukf to knuw if t}i«t uMTlion i» founded on wcll*rfltsblii>lictl f«rt«. 

\ f.m in CRUhns, aad the Soath at Italy, Uirjr are ubUgeii to flhule their tIdo* 
fron the too fm-v«nl hf'M by fflra. 



DIDC part^ of Cornwall the apricot will not ri[K;u for want of sun % tf Uiat 
1^ tt will tlirow some light on tliis questtoD so much dispQted and dis- 
Dwed. In Asin, no good wine is made 80ntli of Shiraz lu Persia, lat. 113*>. 
In America,* the Hock gra[)e is cultivated cixn id Canada by tlie (ier- 
Daii settlers. The Qiajority of fioc and rich wines is gromt on the tide of 
MlU: Virgil bbvi, 

Bacchus nm»i collm. 

/iDUst not be hills of great eleration, not moantains, but with summits 
well wooilcd, and open to the »uu ; still a soutKem aspect is not indis- 
])eu!tihle. The \-inc is productive ou the left banks of the Rhine and 
Moselle- 'llie wine of Khciuis grows in a northern asjiect, and this 
almost at the cxteut of the northeni boundarj- of the vine's growth. In 
Bnrgnndy they considiT the Ronth-eaatern U5[wct to be subject to latter 

»fro(fts ; it wontd appear thnt the aspect is not of much conse^juence if the 
^iinatc and soil are favorable ; though certainly a south and south eastern 
is to be preferred. The most fata! ravages to the vinej-arda in tlie souths 
arc the frosts in .\pril and May, after the vines, which are very susceptible 
of atmospheric changes, are advanced in bud. 

'llie vine likes a soil drj*. lights and strong. Soils calcareous, porous, 

II mod volcanic are favourable to tt. The nch, fat, or strong soils never pro- 
Iducc even tolerable wine. On a wet soil, the vine will not grow at all j 
nt hates being mixed with water even at its earliest stage of growth ; but 
pthere aie minute and delicate points regarding the state of the earth as 
suited to the vine, that wc do not understand. In one little vineyard in 
Burgundy, that of Mont Rnchct, the soil, the :is|)ect is the same, the vines 
arc the same, and the culture uud caro alike; and yet three disiinci va- 
rietiea of wine are produced. The first, Mont Unchet Aine — the inferior, 
Mont Ruchet Chevalier — a third, possettsing no good fpialities, .Mont-Rachet 
Biitard. How is this to be explained ? Vines are trained either iti what 
the French call * Tige haut,' or * Tige has.' The former on trees and 
trellises — the second on short poles or sticks, or reeds. North of Pro- 
vence, in France, Germany, Switzerland, and liungiiry, the low training 
prevails. In Italy, trees iind ticllis work alwund. The vines of Greetre 
^•»rc thick in the sUilk, and grow like pollards, supporting themselves. In 
Italy, the maple is chiefty used in lx)mbardy and Tuscany, and the elm 
and poplar in the rineyards of Naples and the South. Great care must 
be used in manuring. No aaimal mannre bat that of birds most be used ; 
bat vegetable, such as the leaves of briars, thorns, lucerne, and lapins, 
are the best. Maturity is sometimes advanced (as much as fourteen days) 
by annular incisions in the bark. 

Tlie vine bears well to sixty or seventy years, and is about seven years 
before it comes into bearing ■-, but grafting on the stocks or roots brings it 
into l)earing the first year.f The nameg of the vines are little known in 
England ; wc shall give a few. In France, the black moriUon, the madailenc, 
and the vine froui [echi.!, the mranier, (the earliest known ;) the bottrffiffHOH, 

* No left than Mcvi-niy liu<i]i of wild vines are kuown in America, thou;^ all itu not 
he«r frait : at Wii>hinictoa thrre ts a Bpecies of rrapv gruwo not known in Europe celled 
Catarobc, and at BnHton is a |^>od grape <nllt>tl iNntK-llr. 

"t* It is DOt gvnvrallT knuvm, that the tmdriU nf the Tinf will produce fruit, hj 

xtixkg them ull ni'artbe pUc( from whirh tb«ir spritiK on tlicbraiirb ; In a short lime 

■11 aobs make tlicir appcsranoe, — theae bccoaie grapta equal in ucRllRncf. lo any 

the tree. This diwovrry was made at Stnuburi^b. Vines, from ruUing$, lire 

lonpMt, and hrar most ; from U^trt, they shout curliest. Vines are r«gea«ratod by 

what IS calloil pruvi^niigc au«l coucltage. 



Catoi 

^kouii 





» 



I 



Histortf of H'iites. [Ja\y, 

tliu teiaiurier or ffrtu gamrl, the comickoa, the white grUet, the morHlom, 
tlic morn<}ia, the m«««i(, tlie ckasselas from Cyprm, the civafat, llic Co- 
riutli ^i{k:, tlie. Aleppo, the viomifrr icruHi) at ComJrien,* the gonitis, the 
verjvit, au<1 otlicrs. An huiulred and lucnty si>e<^icti tinvc bvcD oumbiercd 
io Andalu.sia aad Grenada oloiie. Tlie p'meau ^ra))e produces the Bur- 
gundy atidCham)>agne ; of this there are eighteen varieties. Heruiitagc is 
grown from the ^hiraz grape of Persia. The C6te rotie eoiiic!i from the 
aer'tMC. In the South of Spain, the variety called Pedro Xiuieuea, ia that 
from which the uiucs esteemed in England, are made. The French grape 
from near Orleans protluccs on the Khinc the best German nine. The 
j^pe is ripe about the end of September; the signs of its maturity ar« 
the colour of the ekin, the brou-nncssof the stems, and llic transparency of 
tlte pellicle, 'I'hc red grape is generally ri()e before the white. White- 
wine gnipett are ^ieldDm picked from the etti^ilers, for the astringency of tlie 
kteros is iiU|>po»cd to be beneficial in enabling the wine to keep. Thd 
colouring uuctter is only in tlic akin ; all pulps arc alike. 

We cannot enter at all into tlie process of mnking ; it varies nilb every 
district. In Burgundy the must remains in the vat tlurty-six hours, vt 
Nurlxtiine Heveitty day«. In Germany they never use the stalks, in Por- 
It^U alHAvs. 7^ ca*ks are maile of oak nr beech ; they go by different 
rauncs in diderent parts of France. In Marne queue, in Cher tonneaug 
Itoire poinam. La V'cndecpi/ie, Lyons bottc, Bordeaux barrigue. When largo 
they are called muid, uheii very larecyDnt6^ejr. There is only one kind of 
wine made without treading or prcsung ; thisis the ' Lugrima.' Thcgrapen, 
iocltiiig with lipenesB, arc suBpi'nded in branehca, and the wiue is pro> 
diiced from the dro/jpings. In this uny Uie rich walaga is jiroduced ; uifl 
•o vai the Ijiicrynia Ghriiiti. Cyprus wincf is beaten with maltets on ui 
inclined plane. In tJie South of France a strong ftpirituous uine is made 
called mufrf, tliat is never suiTered to yermeii^ af ail. The French bitve 
wines tliey call domtfUc, never cx|>nrted, and unknown here. They wr 
hailrd witii brandy and aromatic }«ed», and are very rich ; they arc com- 
mon iu Italy, Spain, and France. Corsica is famous for such wines, wfaicb 
in Ivugland (nhcre people are very ignorant of wines), pass for Malags^ 
Cyprus, and 'I'iritu. Boiling will give to new wine the maturity of age, 
and claret and (Hirt are often so treated. The v'tns de Liqueur, arc 
Cyprus, Syracuse, Malaga, &c. where the saccharine principle has not 
entirely disa^iptared during the process of fermentation. The vint de Pailte 
art* so called, from the gra|i<'8 being laid for several months an straw, before 
they go (o the pres«. 'I'he viuMousseux is well known, and wants no 
explanation. Krance iMUiscases the greatest vegetable gifts lliut God bM 
lieaCowed on man— corn, wiue, and oil— nhe is enipbatically the vineyard 
vf the earth. From tJie Alost-Uc mid Champagne of the North, to the 
LiuieJ a»d Froutigoac uf the Southern provinces, about four millions ot 
acres are in vineyard. Ttie produce is valued at 22.51 G,'J20/. sterlings 
the total v-alue exported about three inillionti. The Frcuch uiue that 
kropK lofig«-8t.is the Rvvsnllon, which has been drank good above a cen- 

* W« mn fnmrtat ■ diancr IIh! Mbar day, wb«a Uie Mmpao; diciiutvO alHiat the 
OManinic of the word trreM Madeira. MoK pertaas canudtrnd it tu be the ituar 
•f tlie wiaejud, Somt amd U -mevnt unarcAaU atouf. «md yttu tttrnt find its «mis/ ■ 
Ac tkot ia. it u ifee luuae of Uie crape — C'mrlial — or Scrval ; wliich in sLmi rrowa ia 
Sid];. 

f nw F*^^ wtiirb pira tlic rirJi vmn trT Lsnrl And FrontignM-, i» u»f Mnil b« 
ktsm braa inportBilialB Lkal cwuatrj froai ibc l^mrt during iIk criuatk'*, out oi P«lc*- 
thMt Of Vfynu. 

{ 



\ 
\ 

I 

1 




m 



ry old. 'Ilie duties are very beary. aimiimting to more- than 20 per 

tvnl. I'lie octn>i, uii ciitriiiig Paris, is \7a. 5rf. the hcrlolilre,* wliich Is 

t^quaJ to the price of llie wine itaelf. This is very dcstriictivc ; for the 

rinea of choicest qiuilit)', owinj; to these taxes, arc futmd tn p;iy the Krower 

rorst. Boitniefnix eN|)orlK most. Martrillcft about half as niiirh, then 

fontj}riier and Ttrnhn. 1'he exportation from Dourdeaux in 1H^7 was 

N.'t'J'J pipes. About '2U,00(.l tuns come to Enf^land. Wine at Paris i« more 

_han double the price of that at Bounlcjuix. A hogshead of the best 

"claret, made up for the Eni^lish market, is 50/., and the dnty 16/. more ; 

the rest is the prolit of our hnufst merchaiiLs at home, who moke one cash 

|into two, and then charge 8U/. a-piece. 

it is impossible to trace the vineyards or qualities of the wines back to 

ny n'mote period, though the vineyards of Antiin were there in the 

Itimc of the Romiina. The aroma, the perfume, the delicacy of the 

Doderti urines, are supposed to have been unknown two centuries a^o. 

The oldest vineyards are those of Charapaffnc. Thv excellence of the 

vine was known so far back as 1328. Vinceslnus, Kinir of Bohemia, 

ame to France to ucj(ociate a treaty with Charles Vi. ; and nrrivine at 

^Rheima, and bavinj; tasted the Champagne, he Hpuu out his treaty as long 

yu be could, and then gave up all that waK reipiired, in order to prolong 

lis stay, and get drunk on (^hanipa^ie every d:Ly before dinner. Tbo 

anks of the ^lnmc are most celebrated for this wine, in the arrondisse- 

|aients of Chalons, Kheims, Vitry, and Epeniay. About I,ri«U,HM7 hoc- 

olitres are gtowu. The Vitry sells for twenty pence a bottle, and the 

ChiloDS for twelve. The red Champagne of Bouzif is the most caltirated, 

od the white of SiJierff, which last is grown on the lands of Verzeuay and 

jtlailly, of the blackeM grape. The name of Sillcry was given from the 

tsoil ; and from a Marqnis who improved it, it tvas called Vin dc la Mare- 

ichale: it is chiefly monopolized by Paris and London. In nil the dis- 

[tingttishcd vineyards of Champagne, they only cnltivate the bhck gra}>e, 

called the plant dor^, beings variety of rine railed /jifwr or /'IMAM. In 139-t. 

this was called Pinoz, and placed in an ordunoance of the Louvre above all 

[the grapes. The price of vinc-land rarics exceedingly : some will not 

llkring more than -10/. the acre ; some rise to 500/, which has yieldcl 7.'>0 

tbottles the acre. The jitUtttmes dc Cham)>agne arc those still wines put 

llnto bottlei at ten or eleven months old ; they are recommended by 

|phy»iclans, aa aperient and wholesome. The grower sells the finest 

IChampn^nc to the mL-rchant at from two francs to three. Jlic merchant 

laelU to his diipesI at from three francs to six ; thus doubling the pro^t of 

the grower on the wine passing through his hands. Monsieur Sloet, of 

iBiiernay. has from /ve to eix hundred thousand bottUa in bis cellars in store. 

The cellars are cutout of the limestone rock, and arc of immense extcat. 

The rose coloured Champagnes are of the second qoality : the colour \m 

D)>taJned sometimes from the grape, but generally from a little red wine, 

or a few drops of liquor made of elder berries. No one in France drinks 

roK'Colovred Champagne who can get any other j but wines Mhich would 

• The AecMitrt ii twenty-su En^li'ili ft^'un* i the Mr» a little more than a ^uarl. 
fjlU meuvres are rr»olvcil iatn librii and hrrfolitrM. 

fTho mnv raercbanti an nmoDif the ^;iTAtp«t rncim in England, «Dil «tand parti- 

[•ululy in need of rvfonn. Then come auurnM, uilfir», lords of lb« manor, millers, 

ifftocy cbina and India warelinuN mea ; pioture-tlealert, cleaner*, &c. JeircUcta 

^ great ktuitM. < )r muma-mRkeri we cuioot •p«ak, bring of the male wx ; but 

think their rirtue fi»picii>ai. as well u that of BunpstreMea i brewen are 

!i ioxraia. The i^i a. distiller* should be banigfaed to a place, that wc will not 

I to can polite. 

GcNT. Mad. Vol. U. C 






plemte nt Pnrift would not be drank at Frankfort. The rtd Champagnes 
ate of au(»tlicr claju, and very go<Hl, but little known in England ; th«y 
chiefly go to Ikl)Ouui. lo wi&cs the Datch understand «hnt they arc 
abuut better than wb do. V^'e have no time to enter into this bisUiry of 
the wines uf the fi4>coud or inferior quality ; therefore ue shall end our 
account by recapitulating; the ftncst wines, according to their exceUencc. 
I , Sillery, most eHteeuied in foreign countries. 2. Ay, efTervescing. 3. 
Manuil. 4. /*iVrry, dry wine and keeps. 4. Di^p. 6. Epemay. The 
wincij of Champagne are generally In perfection about three years after 
cellaring ; bat tbcy do not lose in delicacy for ten or eveu twenty years, 
and are often fuund good at the age of thirty or fortv- A great loaa 
occurs to the Champagne merchants from brcukagc from tLe efferveM^Dce, 
by the expansion uf carbonic acid gas; it gcDernlly happt^ns in July or 
August; m ordinary casca. it amouuts to four per cent., sometimes to 
forty or fifty. If the breakage docs not tttnount to more tluin eight or 
ten per cent., the owner does not trouble himself ; but of course he hu 
the piles of wine taken down ; the workmen are obliged to enter the 
celbrs with wire-maskg ; the breakage ceases in September. 

Of Burgundy, the wine district is situated under Che -Ijth or i&th 
degrees of Ulitudc, nnd is about tiU leagues long by 30 wide. The most 
celebmted district is the Cdte d'Or, consisting of a chain of calcareous bills, 
extending from Dijon. 'J'he other two districts arc those of the Saooe 
and the Loire, and that of Ibo Yonne. The totid annn.il value of the 
Burgundy viiieyardK aniotnitM tu ii2,l3!),-l'JS fnincii. The vine districts 
are known by the name of Cctte de Nuits, C6te de Beaune and Cote Cha* 
lonoaise. Burgundy is the most |>erfect of all known wines in the quHlitie* 
deemed C6Heutiul to vinous perfection The gra(>e8 are the norieti. and 
the Pintau, and the chaydtnay, for the white. The Romance Conti is the 
most perfect and finest burgundy : it is produced in an inclosure of only 
two hectares in extent on a suutli-e^ast aspect, the ground furmiug an angle 
of five degnes in 8toj>e. luferior wines axe o\%iti|j; chiefly to different^ of 
silet aitd the unknown tjualities of the soil, as the treatment is alike. The 
Richebourg contains about six hectares. The Clua Vuugeot abou t forty-eight 
hectares } the famous St. George nine \* grown near Xuits. The Beatutt 
borders un Ataxe> and near it grows the Pomard and Volnay, a fine deli* 
cate wine with the taste of the raspberry* It is impossible to account for 
the cause of the superior excellence of small spots in vineyards over 
others, on the same soil, with the same aspects, climate, care, ndtivation ; 
yet BO it is. llie finest u-hite Uuryuady of the Cote d'Or is the Mont- 
rachet : this brings l,'2tJU frtmcs the queue. Most of the red Burgundies 
bring from -400 ti> COl) francs -, but the proprietors of the Koman^L* Conti 
and Clos Vuugeot never sell their h ice in wixid ; Lliey ki-ep ihcm for yeara, 
and tlien sell them only by auction, in particular bottles niade on purpose* 
with their own seals ; and tlte Komauiie Conti will stti for sevem franet m 
bottle from the pru)Kiclur9' cellar ; the Clos Wmgeot at six fraiirs. Wa 
oauuot dwell on the secondary wines. 'I'lic chief white wine nf the Yonae 
is the Ctiablis. The wines olTonnerrenrc inferior. ThcarronHissementof 
Macou furnishes the delicious white Fonilly, almost the rival uf C-bamjHignc. 
Little Burguudy is evported. WcauMS iui|>riaiis, as good a price can be 
obtahicd in France as elscwbcre. Koinaucc C-onti in grown on six acr«> 
of land only, La Tachc on four The Paris market wiU easily absorb this. 
Ciambfrim is rery scarce ont of France Secondly, ihcy do not beat 
canii^ wcU . the acrchantA will not kerp them in a crltar tubjcct cvci 



I 



I 
I 



I 



to the nbrmtiou of the pai-cmeols, or any olher innvcmr ut. 'niirrtly, iu 

Enftland, tbc uisCHcres \flio swulluw fiery brnndicd Poft, EtAiii<:4t with 

l<ywod, thiuk pure and dclirnte Burgandy nnu half smiie. The Burgun- 

[dief) of the tinefit cUss, rank thus : — 1. Roniante Conti. 3. La Tache. 

l3. Charabertin. 4. Komntii-t' St. Vt^'ant. 5. Richcbouri;. 6. Naitn. 7. St. 

Georges. 8.ClosV'o«geflt.9- Promaox. ID.Vofioe*. I l-LaPcrrien*. Of white, 

, Moiil Knchet, Goutte dOr, and Gencrricrea of Mcuivault. 'ITie longest dii- 

I ration of the fiuest Horgundies doeii Dot exceed twelve or MVctn yean - 

[mfler that time they decline : they attain their |)crfeclioii from the Hccoiid 

l-year. 'l"hu system of making iti not so perfect iu Burgundy as in Cham- 

LTpaiicne. 

T\xe u-incs of the Ilhone are in the department of the Drome. The 

TiDr^ards of Valence are the most iinjKirtant. The M'ine« of T^ain are 

exclusively Iwu^ht up fur Bourdenux. Of the Ilermita^groun In V^nlcoce, 

the Bvemge is about 2700 hectolitres ; it is (tfohu on a hill with a south 

[aspect near Tain — the soil gTunite, gi»vol, and sand. This is the richeU 

i-olourwl wine the French have, but it will not keep more than ttventy 

ycArs In bottleii. \\\i\ btrat sells for about fmir franca less than our 

aboraiuable Port. The white Herniiliige is made ofwhite grapes only. This 

is the finest fchitf wine France produces. It will keep above a century : 

but its Iftste and perfume undergo a change: its taste is very peculiar ; 

{ tp us it has a flavour as if cedar wood bad been immersed in it. The Er- 

mita^ Pttillc is a rich sweet wine. Red Hermitage is prodnccd from two 

I plants called little and great tegrot; a tradition is current, that thisgmpe 

' wo* brought from Shimz by one of the hermits of Bessna. White her- 

Lauitage is produced from the RouMnne giapc. « * * « 

(To be concluded in ovr mext.J 



COLERIDGE'S POETICAL WORKS. Vol. I, II. Piokkminc, U34. 

" Why is the hnri> of Qnuntock so long silent?" was the afTectionnle 

texposlukilion of one who rcuieiubercd its early melodies, and who lamented 
that they were so prematurely suffered to expire. But why, b<*ing n poet. 
It may be asked, did not Mr. Coleridge delight continuiJlv in his higti 
calling } Did be feel no pleaiiure in the exercise of his art r — how 
quenched he the fire of inspiration ? — how sealed his prophetic lips ? Iu 
■hort, why, being a son of Apollo, did he cease to sing ? \V'c do not know- 
that we are anthnriscd even to suppose the cause ; but in our dA)'B at 
least, we think it as much as even men higtily gifted can expect, if they 
are enabled to rise to eminence in any one accomplishment or art ; and 
tboi^k the miud Is cnriclied and supported hy fiillness and \-ariety of 
■ttunneDt, yet undoubtedly there are some studies that exercise ap- 
parently uo favourable influence on the cultivation of others. We sup- 
pose no great mathrraatician was ever n great jKH-t. Now, it is 
perhiips posttibic, that Mr. Coleridge's profound JM-estigations. various and 
Bplt-ridid ncipiirements, remote speculations^ recondite reasonings and dis- 

Iquisitions, may have carried his mind away from those trains of thoughts 
which poctrj- calls her own, and have given it other associations less 
Javoumblc and uative to it. PerlujM tlic reason is to be referred to 
Dthcr causes. To the engrossing nature of the important questions con- 
nected with the conatitutional and religious welfare of the country. Some- 
thing to the demands of society and distractions of conveisation : some- 
thing to the reluL'taaoe which all occiLsionally feel to write, when they can 




indulge in the luxury of apreading the tliougltts of otherii before them, aod 
fet-ding at will on the fruiU of tkcir rich iiiiRginationH, and gating on the 
nmgniticeut creatiooa of their genius -. or laiitly, pci liaptt, the public mind 
lias been alow in appreciating the value of Mr. Coleridge's |K)cms, kaa 
viHileil them uith De^lecl, hns met (hem with ridicute, and has found 
itself iiicii|>abtc of duly estimnling ihcir merit. U'e presnme that this 
latter cause may not be ivithoiit reason ad\'iinced by as. Mr. C. has 
profoundly studied the principles of poetry > he ha^ rigidly adhered to 
those ])nncipU*H in the execution of bi» art, and ho has left to the public J 
the free choice of approbation or urglect. He has not, a« other [K>('t8 have ^ 
done, supplicated tbcir f»vour, followed their direction, bowed tn their 
caprices, and pandered 1u their desires. Mr. Coleridge hafi studied, tdl 
study has led to well-grounded love and highest admimtion, the elder pueta 
of his country : Itc has recognized the justness of their views, the excellence 
of their exccDtion ; and he has been aware upon what deep and extensive I 
basis lliey erected the impcrisKuble edifice of thetr art. Hut in the mean- " 
while the public ta-itc had followed fur Ix'hind bim ; it had gradually been 
\'itiated aud impaired -, it had lost its healthy desires and appetites > and 
became insatiably craving after a diflfereut kind of food. There was no lark 
of supply, when :>uch was the demand ; and its pampered gluttony was for 
ever seeking after new provocations. This has been the ca.sc with thepoctic 
(aale of the country for many years ; and this at once accounts for the long 
neglect of those who were patiently working on the solid and assured princi- 
ples of nature and truth, uhile others, more highly favoured, were throwing 
offthcir glittering corrnscatious before admiring crowds, and supplying with 
eager rapidity ever)- vicious demand as it arose. Now the effect of all this 
has been to bring the public mind to a puctical taste and feeling whicfa is 
decidedly incorrect, and opposed to the be^t models, ancient or modem, and 
to the most established rules and pi-ece<lenLs. All the different and dis- 
tinct provinces of poetry have been confounded, which had been so care- 
fully, jeaiously, and properly guarded ami s«'p»rated. The deepest tragic 
passions, the most violent emotions, the mostlerrihc inflictions, the moat 
at* ful catastrophes, peculiar to that domain over which Melpomene presided, 
have been transplanted into those provinces which had been previously 
beld sacred to feelings of a softer nature, more flexible, more various, more 
closely associated u ith the ordinary habits of life, with our habitual trains 
of thought, and with the a.«soeiatiun9 and impressions which arc moderated 
and aulxlued, and mi:igled, when the mind is in a state of health nu- 
tunil to it. Inordinate passion, fierce, nn controllable resolves, inexor- 
ttble licstiuies, and heart-rending catastrophes, have swept away before 
(hem every gentler feeling, every diversified incident, every mingled motiw, 
e\-ery calmer desire -, and all that constitutes the genend character, that 
forios the common nature, and that makes the mingled yarn of which the 
life of man is woven. From this class of poets, from their erroneous 
views, anil strange creations, and |)erisliabte theories, we tuin with plea- 
sure to the pruducliuns uf Mr. Coleridge's muse, lliere we meet with 
natural tlioughL^ clothed in U'coming and appropriate language, with fine 
picturcMjue iniugcry. rich fancies, and delicate modulation of language. 
AV lute we candidly and unrettervedl) assert, that we do not think Mr.ColeridgQ 
successful in the delineation of the higher jiasaions of tnigedy ; and that 
there is in his dramatic productions too murlt pompof langnaije, and a want 
of clear, distinct, and forcible characler in his (K-rsoiis ; while even in somi; 
other of tiis Poems, we still ifaink that lUc giaccfulnc&s of bis step 



l,cric(iiabcre(i by tltc stately uiaijQ licence uf his drapery ; in many, ur most 

jof bis lyrical prtxluctions^ nc ackouw ledge with delight tbcir fp'eat aod 

|,v:irioii8 excellence. The Ancient Mariner. Christabcl. and Geneveive, 

yUn the prMliictions of a truly poetical miud, ciimbiiiiug origioal gcniui, 

fruitb a knowledge of the Muse's nrt, and with a conunnud over Ibe col- 

l Icctcd trcaAurc« of the realms of Parnaiuiu. The thoughts whicli are cod- 

1 ccivi-d urc expressed in the truest and most approjmatc language, while 

' the intngery that surrounds them is never wauling in barmuay, and in 

fulueas uf effect. These Poems, hoivercr, are uell knowu to the genend 

• reader, and safely lushrincd in the hearts and beads uf all the lovers of 

\ song. We will ^ve therefore a fragment uf one previouftly unknown to ub, 

which seems to possess many of Mr Coleridge's peculiar excelleucics — 

elegant in its design, and chaste in its execution. 

TUB aAl<i.AI> or mR DARK LAfilK. 

A Fragment. 



Beneath yon birch uritb silver hark. 

And bou^u so peaduloiu and fair, 
Thr brook rail* scattered down the rock, 

And «ll ia mot»j there. 
And then apnn the mofii Khents, 

The Unrk Ladic in silcot pain. 
The heary tear i« io her eye. 

And drops and iwella a^^n. 
Three tbnei ibr svnAi her little page 

Up thecB5lli;iJ uiountaiaN breast, 
ir be might find the knight tliat wears 

The gTiftiu for his cr^fX. 
The sun was Hloping down Ibe iiky. 

And she bad Un^ml there all day, 
CouQting momenti, dreamiag fears, 

Ob I wbcrerorc can be stay * 
She bears a nuthog o'er the brook, 

She aees far offa swiniriiic buuxh, 
" *Tis he 1 'tis my betrotlicd knigbt. 

Lord Fidklaod, it i* tJiuu!" 
She spriugs, the chupt him ruaad the 
nevk, 

She aoby u ttioa»and hopes and fears ; 
Her kiascn glu«iag od bti L'hecks, 

She quBDcbes with her tears. 



"My friend?, with rude unpentic words. 

They mff and bid me lly (u ibcc ; 
Ob ! pre tne iihrllrr in thy breast, 

Ob ! ohield and shelter mc ! 
"My Henry, 1 hare ifivcn thee maeb, 

I iptTc what I can ne'er rct:al; 
I gave my bcart, I gave mv peai-e, 

Oh! Ileavea! I gave tbm alt." 



The Knight made aiuwer to the Maid, 
^luic to bis heart he held his liana, 

" Nine castles hath my nohle sire 
The stateliest in the laod. 

" The fairest oar »1i!i11 be my bnre'a. 
The fairest cattle of the nine I 

Wail only til) the star« peep out. 
The foin^t abaJl be thiuc. 

" Wait only till tbc hand of Eve, 
HatU wholly cluMed yoo western bars, 

And through the dark we two will steal 
Beneath the twinkling stars." 

" The dark > the dark } No I not the 

dark I 
The twinkling stars I How, Henry, how? 
O God \ 'twas in the eye of noon 
He pledged his sacred vow. 

" And in the eye of aoon, my low 
Kliall lead me from my mother's door. 

Sweet boys and fb-la all clothed in 
white 
Strewing flowers before. 

" But Arst the noddiag Minstrels go ; 

With music meet for lordly Irow^rs j 
The children next in antiw.wiiite vesta, 

Strewing bads and Rowers. 

*'And then my lore and I shall pace — 
My jet-black hair in pearly braids — 

Betweeu our comely t>achelors 
And blushing bridal maida." 



The leading quality of Mr. Coleridge's jwetry is not to be Bought in tfae 
moral miblimity, the deep emotion of his gix^t con temporary, tbc [>oct of Kydal 
Mount i nor is it in the pensive tenderness, the thoughtful affection of ibe 
laureate's song ; bnt it conMstn in a high imaginative jwwer, — in a fancy 
throwing its brilliniit and grotesque ligbt.H even over the shaded abodes of 
•"•■row — ill a feeling of the picture!»qiie, the rootantic, tbc supernatural — in 
n playful seriousncBH, dallying w Ith its griefs ; sometimes delighting to dwell 



I 



11* 



CoUridge's Poetical tVorks. 



[.'i-ly. 



unnng the fables of cnchaiitaicnt — amid Ihe pageauts of chiralnr, in mastpic 
and tonniarneiil — sometimes in the wild and savage solitudes of imturt: — 
uton ill gilded palaees, among the breathing forms of art — then is it to 
be wen fetching from the colder nnd far nfT dvrellin^ of philosophy, sohtlQ I 
tpecntations, and fine analogies ; and then again all these are intermingled i 
and fused by the Genius of Poetry, and one of oor iMird's beautifnl and ' 
sinjj^lar creations ittarts up before qs. We have only mom for one more 
specimea, which \vc shall make, of n little poem that has wc think a very I 
pretty and pensive kind uf beauty of its own, enouicd in a tuneful and 
elegant ver&iftcation. 

rOVTH Airo A«I. J 



VcTBC) » brcexc mitl bloseomft ttrayinfi 
Where hopr dung f^^cdiDS Ukc • hcc, — 
Both were miDf ! life went s majing 
With jutare, hope ami ]««■>)- 

Wben I wai jrouog I 



*' Whee 1 w» jrouDg V — ah ! woeful 

•' whcnl'- 
Ah I for tlie dun^ twixt now aod ihent 
ThiflbrenthingbouMr nut niiule with hondii. 
This bodj that docR roc prinroiu wrong, 
OVr airy clilFi. init Klitlrrinc mqiU, 
How tiRbtl; tlicii it tluhcd ulong — 
Like tboBC trim fk\B» unknown of jrorc, 
On winding Inkca oud rivrrt vide, 
Tbut uk no uid uf sail or mt, 
That fMT no siiile of wind or tide '. 
Noagbt cared tbijs IhhIt fur wind or weather 
When yoaUi and 1 li^'d in it together. 

Flowere are loTfW — Ion: is llnwcr.like. 
Frtendshiji is a shclimng tree, 
Ob ! the joys llmt came down sbower-Uke, 
Of friendahip, love, and liberty. 

Ere I waa old t 

" Ere I wM old ?"— ah t woeful •' ere" 
Which telU me joutb'i no longer here t 




Oh, mbtir youth for yean w many and 

•wee I, 
*Tis tlut thou and I are one. 
I'll think it but « foud cuuccit — 
ll can not be (bat thou art );ouc ! 
Thy Tctper-bell hath not y<:t loli'd : — 
And thou wcrt aye a mnflker hold. 

What RtningT di«ffiuae luut now jiut on. 
To make believe that thou art rudc i 
I *ee these littkn io nilvcr* f\i\t*. 
This drooping gait, thix altrrrd mzo; 
But S|>riog-Udc bkiwomji on tbv Itpc, 
And team take auiuhine from tnine eye*. I 
Lifriii but thitugbt — w think I will, 
Tlint yunlb and 1 are hoiue>inate« atiU- 

Dew-dro|i5 are the gems of mnrnfaf 
But tile lean of moumfal evel 
Where oi> bnpe i«, life'5 a warning 
That only Mrrea (o luokc uh grieve 

When wc arc olfUj 

That only trrrc* to make us grlcro 
With oft aed tedioug taking leave. 
Like pome prior niifhTckleU gueat, 
That may not rodely be diiiinirit. 
Yet hafh ootstayed his welrome while. 
And telU the jeat without the amile. 



DIARY OP A LOVEB OP LITERATURE. 
fCoHtinutJ from Vol. J. j/. 41H.J 

Nov. 30. Read circumstantial details of Mr. Fox's illness, coutoin-l 
ing many interesting anerdotes of tlmt iUustriouH tttaie&ntau, who8C rcputA- 
lion after all Iranatrnds — I blush tu disclose it — any proofs I [javc ever been 
able to diMoviTof biin ahilily. Buikc he apjH^urs to have estimated more 
highly than I et|>erti'd. What he auys of " his eloquence CJtstinj^ a 
sUatlow over the wisdom it enshrines," Maekintoth repeated to me 
as his nwu idea. Fox was evidently a Deist ; but be believed in the 
immortality of the soul, and appears to have derived mttch succour froin 
this pcrsuaaion in his latter moroents. 

i>er. 2 Head Fnaklin'g works — by some very judicious remarks it 
apprnra that Krankhn saw dcarlv enough tliat pupulation will mouBti 
up to the inraiis of subeUlence, and must be increased by increasing those I 
powers ; btit to Mahlroi sttU rcmaius the origiualily of distinctly consider 



log \t9 nUus to inoiiDt higher, and tlic |i)ty8ical uid moml checks by 
\ wbicli this vffort h repressed. 

Dec. 13. Went t»> the Opera. Semiramide — Catahms first nppearancc 
-of highest excellence — asserted her prc-em'mence at the ftrat outset. 
I Her voice of prodigiouH coiiipnss, SHCCt. clear, l>ril!iaiit, and |mwerfnl 
llliroiigh its whoh; extent ; niiiniDg the most rapid, intricate, and cxtcnffirc 
[ divifiious with the utmost precision and veracity, asceudiug and descending 
[for two octaves tliruugh ever)' chrtuiiattc iutcr\'a) articulatdy, with the 
•peed of lightning, c<)ually great in the delicate, the graccfal, and the sob- 
bing, as in the impassioned and bra^-am style ; combining in an c!inlted 
I degree the \oice of Mara^ the cxccntion of Billingtun, and tbe pathns of 
I Banti, but infinitely Rn|>erior to all. 1 have no conception of higher ex- 
cellence in the art — the house overflowing and transported with delight 

Dec. 14. Spent l!ie day with Ellis in picasantchat. '' It runs merrily," 
said FoK, *' when the water gushed out at the first tiipping." Said to LonI R. 
8[n-ncer In an early stafjc of the ncgociatioo, " Buonaparte's views on the 
Continent are, I fear, not yet completed, and therefore 1 am afraid peace is 
at present hopeless." A friend of his related from a cooTcrsatioa which 

!)ass«l between Parr and Fox, that the Intter was a Chnstian : of this, 
lowevcr, I much doubt^ though certainly it was most abhorrent to Fox's 
nature to dissemble. 

Jan. 10, 1807. Rend the last volume of Sir Charles Orandison^ for the 
roott purt a heavy ap[K*ndagtr. Ricliardsiin. thoirgh destitute of higher lo- 
Tentirtn, is very happy in minute details, wlieru he does not indulge too 
much in the natural cficoiinacT of his mind. One teovJd think he had been 
bred up amaay icumm.* Afler all, I am afraid that the tendency of snch 
wt>rks ib less to amend the heart and conduct, than to disgust one with 
real life ; and this nut so much from the characters described, as from tbe 
iiwics ascribed to these actions. A Sir Charles Gntndison might surely 
be found, if such consequences would flow from such principles, feelings, 
and dcfHirtmeat; but, oh ! how such n man in real It/e \vau\ii be chafed 
and tormented. Vet the solace to the mind from these fictions for the 
time is sweet, and 1 ^utrt with regret from the dmmatis persona' as from an 
old Olid valued acqusmtance. 

Feb. I. looked over the Prolegomena to Hughes' edition of Spenser's 
Fairy Qneca. He has a very neat image in his Kssayon Allegorical Poetry. 
" The art of framing allegories, like that of painting ui>on glass, he obscncs, 
ix now little practised, aud iu a great measure lost. Our colours want 
richness and transparency, and are either so ill-preiiarcd, or so anskllfnlly 
laid on, thnt they more often sully the hght which Is tti pass thmogh them, 
than agreeably tincture and l>eaotify it " 

Feb. 22. Looked over Beltx' s Anecdoteti of Scarce Books ; giving me a 
perfect surfeit of these literary rarities ; the cH^llcctors of which rank, in 
my otiuiation, not a degree higher than butter/l^'hantrrf. 

March II). Began London on Country Residences. His theory of tasto 
with which he sets out, is Itai contemptible for criticism. How far will 
fancy go, when he gravely asserts, 'that a wcll-ptujxirtiooed female figure 
}itaced erect, assumes mearly l&ejortn of tipo conet united at their bases, and 
that the breasts are also each a cone ! 

March 2-1. Began an Abridgment of AbraJiam Tucker's "Light of Natare 

♦ From Rk^tMrctmn't Corrwpooileone. pnWlsbrt snbsequenllr to the time when 
Ibis ofaMTi'siiitn «u iiuulr, Mr. Grvcn't rcmvk prores tme. 



. 




I 



16 Diary of a Lover of Literature. [July* 

pursued/' which Sir James Mackintosh 8trotig)y recommended to myl 
notice, i like the ejfirit of the editor, which he has probably caught 
from his author, though I du not think he has gut quite the right 
scent of trac philosophy } bat his modea of thiukinj^ seem origiual u)4 
ma.stcrly- 

^farrh 29. Tliere is a small hleinish in the 2Jth stanza of the 2d canto 
of Scoit's Lay of the liastMinntrel— more disgraceful perhap to discover 
thou to incur ; when describing a sweet moriUDg breeze. 

And prfjicd forth Ihe rioifl pale, 

And spread her breast the mauntaio nuf . 

yet Poets ought to be very guarded against this spcoics of anachronism. 

April 'iA. Finished Home's Essays in Ritchie's Apjicndix to his Life, 
his character of Sir Robert Walpolc, and his criti<|ue on Wilkie's Epigo- 
□cad> The essays aim rathcrat cicgnut instruction, than profound research, 
and novel moral discoveries. On the seventh, hou-ercr, on the middle' sta- 
tion of life, he remarks that it is evident more genius is requisite to make 
a good lawyer, or physician, th»n a great monarch, since out of twenty- 
eight of our 80verei|rns. eight have been regarded as of great capacity. 
Of phikwophcm, he esteems (Jaltlco and Newton so far above the rest, that 
he can admit no other into the same class with them — not Bacon? l\\% 
characl4>r oi Sir R. W'aliwle n|ifH':ip« :i veryjust one, wonderfully so for the 
time when it was written. WU re\iew of the Epigoniarl evinces, as mij^ht 
be ex|>ected, more acuteness of observation than of sensibility of taste. Of 
an epic poem he remarks, that the story is the least essentia) part ; force of 
Tersificatton, vivacity of images, justness of description, and the natumt ^_ 
play of the passions, are the chief circumstances which dlstiDguisb th0*^| 
Poet from the N'oveUst. ^^ 

May 8. Finished four volumes of Washington's Life. Marshall ohservea 
of him. that prosperity never relaxed his exertions, nor could the most dtt- 
astrooa state of things drive him to despair. His comfxtHitions are solid, 
able, and masterly productions, well reasoned, and heightened by touehea 
of true unaffectwi eloquence, flowing from the heart. It appears from 
Marshall s arcount, that America was nearly exhaasted, when u'e abandoned 
the stru^lc. 

Head Lord Grenville's letter to the Secretary of the Society for riiristian 
Information — a most able, powerful, masterly, and conclusive composition. 

Juite 29. Tailed at Christ Thurch in the morning. Talking of the su- 
perstition of dreams, Mn*. Mitchell stated whatshe had seen in ber father's 
hnnd-xvriting. He dreamed that his lady, who was then with child, would 
be brought to bed of a son on a particukr day. and that on tliat day month 
the child should die. There was an addition to his dream, he said, which ' 
he vifhed to tewp aole/y to hitngfif. On the day foretold his lady 
waa bronght to bed of a son, and he appointed that day month for the 
christening. Tlie christening passed off quite well, the child was in perfect 
health, and about eleven in the evening they were remarking how littli ~ 
futh was to be given to dreams though partially fulfilled, when the nnr 
came down and said 'the child was taken with convulsions;' before twel 
he was dead. After this, said Mrs. Mitchell, my mother used to say my 
father never held his head up; bnt. being appointed King's ClMpkiin went 
to Oxford to take his degree, nhcn he sickened, and soon after dted. 
mother said she always thought that the other event which be d 
bat concealed, was his own death. 



fect^. 
itUlfl 



July 3. Dined at the ^Vliite Horse. Mr. relnted a oiost extraor- 
dinary adrentnre,* which came, he said, from ttco J'riends of undoubted 
vcracitj', and happened uithin half a century. They Here proceeding 
from Berwick to Edinburgh, when a storny evening compeUed them to 
take shelter, and put np at n solitary inn on the mad, some miles short of 
the town they intended to have reached. The looks of the people of the 
faoDse were dark and fcrocioos, their manners suspicious and uncouth, and 
they were unaccountably impressed, from its strange aspect and peculiar 
ta£tc, that the meat pie^ tchich ttws the oily thing thet/ could procure for 
supper, was competed of hnmon flesh. As the evening, ho»evcr, continued 
tempestuous, and they had ordered beils, they were apprcliensive of pre- 
cipitating their danger by un immediate departure, and retired to their 
chamber. Several circumstancxis on their passage thither heightened their 
suspicions, and the hideous siglil through the crevice of their apartment 
of a woman 8er\'ant sharpening a large case knife in an adjoining room, 
completed their alarm. They contrived to make their e&capc, leaving their 
horses and bi^gage behind them ; and qaitting the high road, endeavoured 
to make their way across the country to the next town. Tlicy had not 
^ adranc^d far U*for< they found ihcy were pursued and scented by a blood 
' fammd ; by fording a river, however, they evaded the pursuit, and at length 
reached their destination, 'llic story which they related increased the 
suspicions of the peojtle of the town — many trdvellets, they said, had 
strangely disnpjicarrfl upon that road, and no tirtings afterwards were beard 
of them. A search warrant was gninted — the jwople of the house were 
secured — the houiw itself was examined, and on difTcreut parts of the 
premises, the plunder of many passengers \vere found, and the bodies of 
several discovered. Can this be true ? It transports mc to Calabria. 

June '23. Kead Drummottdt " Academical Questions." He planges 
at once into tlie miiLst of his subject in a very [M-rplexing maniirr, and 
entangles himself and his readers with abstractions and the ideal system, 
in favour of which I do not perceive tliat he advances any new arguments, 
or concentrates the spirit of the old ones. He denies the diulinctiou 
between ;jn'mary and secondary qualllicji, contending tlmt lliey both exist 
only in the mind ; yet in showing this of the latter from the i-;irious modes 
in which different minds arc affected, he contrasts those with the uniform 
assurance respecting geometrical truths, though according to him, hgurc 
exists as mucb In the mind as tastes, or smells. His assertion of the 
importance of physical inquiry over the claims of pedantry-, p. 50 and 01, 
is masterly and just. His modern metaphysics seem vitiated by his at- 
tention to atacient ; — whose notions arc so remote and restrictive, that they 
glance off from my mind : from his pursuing no order nor system in his 
dis<|uisitions, he ftpi>ears to me wonderfull)- obscure. I hardly know 
whether to rank him as a Materialist or Idealist : he seems to incline to 
Atheism. He is professedly a Xeccftsitarian : he denies the existenccr at 
least the iwrceplion, of power \ we are merely perceptive of change; and 
what we regard as different powers and facidtieji of the mind* he thinks 
arc reducible to perception merely ; and beiie/hc defines as nothing but 
a clear perception or distinct sensation. Reason, he thinks, produces 
belief, only causing indistinct notions to be more accnrately perceived, 

* Of the truth of this atoiy no doubt cmn he rcuouabN cDtcrtoined. The i-ditDr's 

Didkd, the uniabU and accompUsbod Bernard tUrtoD, ha* neiit lum the ouncit of llie 

parties. A umtUr viory i* told in muy books of ItAlian travels, of the nroprictor* of 

a aiuill Kilitanr inn on the raouataias between Florence and Bologna.— Edit. 

Gent. Mas. Vol. II. D 



J 




Diarif of a Lover of Litfra/ure. [Jolyi 



operatiog to tbe soul as a telescope docs to the eye. We tbink belief is 
always stroDg in proportion to sensation, and to believe is ouly to feeL 
His strictores on Tucker's style seem strangely uiispla<:ed. 

Sept. 13. Mr. Pearson* exiled, and Hat witU me in the evening. Had 
much literar)' chut. Hurd was so sore at Parr's pauiplilct, that they 
were obliged to keep ncnspapers from him, in which the Iojmc was men- 
tioned. Parr, in one of his jounicys, sent a note to the Bishop announc- 
ing hid arrival, and intention of waiting on bim ; bat the Bishop returned 
a oaess^e nliich stopt the cnnferenec. 

Sept. 17. Began Lord Holland's Life of Lope dc Vega j elegant, and 
written with much acutcneu, facility, and grace. The chief objects of 
poetry are, he observes, tu deUneate strongly the characters and passion* 
of mankind — to paint the appearance of nature — and to describe their 
effects on oar sensations : the probability of the story — the connexion of 
the talc — the regularity of the de.sign, which in novels and comedies are 
of considerable iin|H>rtanee, in the higher branches of invention, arc merely 
subordinate beauties^ which have often been attained without genius, and 
neglected by it. The poet, he prettily remarks, may often solace rod 

frict by inventing fictitioos distress, and find an emblem of his suscepti- 
ility in that poetical spear, which is represented as curing with one end tbe 
wounds it bad intlictcd with the other. 

Hept. 19. Finished Lord Holland's Life — written with mnch cleganoe 
and spirit, and evincing a very respectable share of taste and judgment u 
a critic. The feelings of Shakspeare's characters, he remarks, are tka 
mults of pK&sious common to all men i those of Lopes and Dr\den'a 
heroes arc derived from an artificial state of society, from notions ottg- 
gested by chivalry and exa^erated by romance — a just distinction < but 
to wliich Johnson had pointed before. He speaks highly of Voltaire, and 
rescues him from the reproach of want of iufnrmatiun, which has beea 
encouraged by the exuberance of hi:) wit. He ob^rves of Lojks, what may 
frcfjueully be applied to Shakspcarc, that whatever was noble, he thought 
should be gorgeously arrayed ; and it was only from carelessness or frum 
ignorance of its merit, that he left any pathetic thought to shine by its 
genuine beaaties. On the pn^rcssive improvement of the Dranut. and 
the obligations we bear to those who have contributed to adv-ancc it, 
though tliey have ted others to surpass themselves, he prettily remarks, — 
though the last polish often eflfaees the marks of the preceding wurkiuaut 
his skill was not less necessary to the accompliiih incut of the work, than 
the hand of bis more celebrated successor. Tbc quotations from Doq 
Gupar Moti'hor's book on Popular Diversions, gives one a high idea 
good sense, good temper, and liberal spirit of the author. 

Sept. 2-1. Kcad Fletcher's Faithful Sheplterdess. Ou the expi 
** Not a hare shall be frighted from her /are," where /are, by the con^ 



1 



I 



om Doq 
?aof th^H 

presaioa^H 



• Mr. aft«nnuils Dr. Peanmn, the iigthor of the Treatjie on MomU, &c. Mr, 
Grcru printed ■ Lifr ofhtm In ■ aisall paniphlel. I do uol know bow fir thesr aneo- 
4oU* at Hunt ud P»rr arr tm*, but 1 iluubt thrni much. Pwr's attack OD Hurd I 
Cowiiicr (o br qcite aowimintable, ud Utilr Ins than bratal. Hnrd wu a penon at 
very finubMl tuie, cautiutu dcctnnn, uiil 6ne jaiicmeoi ; und I believe that he littte 
rr^anlrd, and probablj never nmil, the vitupenitiTf deolsmstioDi or tb« Uarn«<(t 
p«^lii«i>if"ie. Thr Awtliur of the Pursuits of Literature Mya, that aone opinioa which 
lIurdgKvt on Parr's " Educatioa Sermon," waa the oaoaeof the quaml. Parr Kail all 
the wjwyd imiabiUty nt a duld, but like a cUU be aoen pr«Mated the rapMUB- 
or rnrfitinjc b«ir( , wliftMr rctumiog fKliBir* were perluuM «t«i esridiod and i 
by tbc pasataai ilui bad pasted over it and rabtidtd.— Evtr. 




nentatore, is fitinposed to be used in the unprecedented sense of form. 
I^rd Chedwortli, in a MS. note, most jnstfy explains it by food, and 
quotes Dryden, 3d Georg. 500. ScMard vt:ry happily a$cnbcs the superior 
felicttv' with which English poets have desciibed the evenings and morn- 
ings, above the pocLi of Greece and Rome, to thr great length of our 
ttriHghta. In Fletcher's Pastoral Imagery, hoB'cver sweet and profuse, 
there is an artificial air, from which Shakspeare is perfectly free, and 
which Milton had the genias to hide. 

Sept. '2fi. In the evening made np my rent rolls from the approach- 
ting Michiielmafl. It appears that, on a fair estimate, I shall enjoy, if I live, 
11,200 ^ineas per annum—an income amply tiuflicient tu satisfy all my rea- 
jtonabie wishes,* and leave an adequate surplus to meet any accidental 
lemcrgency, or gratil)* any innocent caprice. 

I Oct, 7. Mr. E. Pearson called — mentioned n letter from the King to 
[Bishop Hurd, when ue were supposed in imminent danger of invasion, 
Ibeginii'iig — "Dear Bishop Hurd, " aud stating that he Imd been rccom- 
laiended, in cnw the uuhti}ipi/ ntan should land here, (which hnivever, he 
|<did not belit:\-c would be the case,} to take up his abode at Hartlebury 
TCastIc, but rccptesting him not to pat himself to any trouble or incon- 
Henieuce." Read Hurd's Essnj's on the Delicacy of Friendship. No- 
[ thing can exceed the exquisite sltill and address with which this piece of 
ooy is throughout supjmrted, but the cool matiffnity of ttpirit which 
ifonas and animates the whole. 

Nov. 30. At half past two, as the horaes were changing at the White 
Horse Inn, had a very near and distinct view for five minutes of Louis the 
Will, bearing a roost striking resemblance to the picture of his brother, 
Louis XVI. i watirhed him not without violent emotion very nttciittvcly, I 
trust not disrespectfully. Could discover, either in his countenance or 
deportment, no |>artJcular traits either of dignity or sorrow ; his com* 
plexion rather sallow ^ Itis e^'cs of a dark bazle ; buttoned up in a phiin 
brown coat ; his hair dark nilhout powder, his Huen not over dean, alto- 
gether quite a Frenchman ; unuEnially full about the mouth, lips, and chin. 
'I'o be standing in Brook -street, and vicuing in this way and in this con- 
dition the representative of the Bourbons, — seemed like enchantment. 

Nov. 19- Had much interesting chat with Clubbe in his morning 
walk. Dratk he said was uniformly met best in the cottage. In the 
ant«chumbeps of the great, its approaches tnnst not l)e whi8p<;rcd ; %vhile 
Un progress is often audibly remarked, without any unpleasant effect, by 
the bedside of the patient in the cottage. Douthwaite's (I collect that 
he was the person) last words were, " Raise mc up a little, that I may 
•ee again that sweet pine; ' a favourite tree which he had planted, t 



1 



^^ love 



* A pmdeiice totally devoid of all selftBhoem or parsimony, nnited to the increued 
value uf proprrty, raised tlii* incoino of 1900 to near !K>0O gnincu : andthoiewba 
love uud rcHpcct thr mrmoiy of Mr. Green, will re»d with plcasare what I am enabled 

inform thnn from another pauage in the Diary, that he not nafrefjumtly jWM 

•ap a third 0/ *u tNronie in cAvrity .■ bis f^cDerofihr also reoeived no little Uitttre 
from the delicary anil altnMt timid feeling with which it was bestowed. Thrrf i» a 
pswagr in hi» Diary where be mmtino<i — " Pnltin; a rouleau of SO gaineos iato the 
-Jund of a friend — deligbtfol pvrifirarion in my hrarl." How fast are snrh inca dis- 
^l^tenrini; from the rartfa t and wbo, Dlu ! ore tilting up their vacant pla*.'ci> ' — Edit. 

t Last summer the editor called oo « geollrmaD in the neig:hbonthood uf I^ndoo, 
io whose garden were some Urge and beautiful (•i>ecimeoa of dOtic trees ; ibe owner 
was then la a deep decline, aod saldcm rove from bed ; his gardener neationed, that in 
tbt aftemooB of Ibv praoodiBf Sunday, hfi desired to be dressed, aad placed in a 




10 Diary of a Lover of Literature. ^J^Ji 



ear ■ 



Dec. 1 1. Clobbc mentioned a straoge ftttestcd instance of a girl near 
Dedham, who conceived before she was twelve yean old» ood was regu- 
liirly delivered of a fine child.* 

Dec. 1-1. Dined at Mr. C. Mllliaina j amused us after dinner with 

imitations of Baron T&amson; a little, I thinks at his own expense. It is 
dangerous to delight company uith aoy thing but original jwwers of wit^ 
description, &c. and even then overpowering prc-einincucc is iuvidioos. 

Dft: '26. Saw a very handsome^ unaffttted, well-written letter from 
Bishop Hnrd, to Mr. E. Pearson, respecting the pnbUcation of Mr. Lud- 
lam's Essays, in which he pleads the inhrmities of age, for not using bis 
own hands ; and congratulates ou tlic appointment of a person of such 
piety and abihty as Mr. Pearson, to preach the lectures of his late excel- 
lent friend, Bishop Warburton. 

Jan. 3, 1808. B^an Gil Bias for the tenth time, and was again de- 
lighted- With what true naivete is this exquisite satire on the follies and 
minor vices of civilised life conducted j and with what admirable strokes 
of genuine wit, refined and spontaneously springing from Uie occasion, is 
it brightened. 'I'liere is just enough of foreign costume in the mann«r9 to 
give a pictures<|ue effect to the tale without impairing its applicability > 
for 1 doubt whether so interesting a novel conld be formed precisely from 
existing manners. 

Jan. 12. Went to Corent Garden in the crcaing. — Faise Ahrtna — 
Braham delightful in " Said a Smile to a Tear," varying the air with most 
tasteful cmbelUshments. His loud tones, rounder, mellower, and fuller 
than I had imagined ; and his execution unrivalled for facility and correct- 
ness, n.s a tenor voice. Weyrifter exfjuisitely true to nature, ns a German 
servant. Bannister very easy, spirited, and harmonious as Tom Surfeit. 
Miss UuDcan capital as Captain Berry, but coarse 1 think as a lady. 
During the Pantomime, n gentleman lcn[>ed from the second tier of stage* 
boxes ; tumbled on the lamps, and thence into the orchestra j very dniak 
—a frightful scene. 

Jan I j . Called on Peanott, and went with him to dinner to the Moore $ ; 
brought *itiM uut after dinner. Spoke slightingly of Fox, pronounced him 
to pos<tess no judgment, easily led away by man, woman, and child. Called 
his avowal of biii marriage with Mrs. A. an epoch in the morals of the 
counlf). Exhibitetl and led away by her ; cold to his friends \ a gentieman 
who had strenuously «up|Xirted him for '2.0 years in the cuuntryi wished to be 
introduced to the object of his idolatr\', on coming up to town. SheridaR 
efTccted it, and was quite shocked at the cold and ungracious reception he 
met with. lieprobatcd his visit to Boooainrte. Began to dlsparnge Burke. 
Spoke of his manner, as so cosjsc, ongncWKU, and vulgar, that he couM 

obalr near the window, thst b« miffkt tit «od bflbdd his buntiAd " Saiitbwim** Ost* 
grew near the bouM>, and wbicli hiv father h«l planted. 

Naturun fi.]>eUas furu. lamcn ustjue recorrit. 
Lobs hid the writer of tliiv aote obMrved and admired that maxaificeiit tree, mad is 
EagUnd iuip«r*lle)ed, wjthont uupcetug what dear and affcclioaattt emotions rrpfn<^| 
under ii» ibulr. — Edit. 

* [a a bouk Utrljr iiuhlitlied on the moral* utd litn of the maniifsctaring poor. 
u« aoma aiti^ilUr mod inlhrntic mntanrei mentioned, nratlar to those reoorded by 
Mr. Oroca ; IntmUnf to bUcw thr prcmaCure cxcitemeot of the paadoas aad der** 
Kiprmrnt of the form, by the An/«/ almorphrrr uf Lbc manofactories, u well ns by 
h^it* nf UoeuioHtiea*.— Edit. 

t "Uim!" M ta the HS. ilr. SJkrriJmn bthcpenoo vpeken of, wbowutben oa 
a tiiU at Mr. Moure**. 



1 



.^ 



1 



I«ith difficulty ViKten to him, bnt allowed that his speeches were delivered 
nearly as tlicy were published, with very little after-polish ; not in funeral 
happy in reply, as he waated preparation of loatter ; but spoke of a moat 
exquisite one, fall of classic taste and allnsioo, on the subject of the Board 
1 of Trade, when he *' uncaged those nightingalcti." Called Parr versatile, 
J once fierce against the Dis&enters j wrote a long letter to Fox on the sub- 
I ject, and a short one to him, begging him to get Fox to read bis. Called 
^'On Fox aome days after, who said that Parr had begun mth so reasonable 
m proposition, experting him not to answer his letter, that he thought he 
might go a step further and dispense with reading it. Mentioned a con- 
^dential letter from Mackintosh to Parr, pressing on his feelings the state of 
baninhment uitd solitude in whieli he lived, which Pair had Ftaiided almut. 
Spoke with the utmost contempt of Burdett and Tookc ; called the latter a 
great rogae. Uai-e the hislor)- of a conference of the heads of the party 
for the purpose of appointing ti leader ; declined it himself as impatient of 
the fatigues of the office, and as desiring to be free. Wished tio leader to 
be a|i|K>inted, nor regular vexatious opposition formed. Said he reflected 
with most delight \^u those [>art« uf his pnlitical conduct, when he had 
de[>arted from Mr. Fox's lead, and the old Opposition before, as in the 
Mutiny in the Fleet. Objected to n leader under the Grcnvilles, (T. 
firenviUe) when Lord (■ren\'ille led above. Was much devoted to the 
RusscUs, Ca%'ettdishes, but did not feel quite the same respect and attach- 
ments fur the Grcnvilles. Ho)>cd since the deed was done and the national 
character committed, that Ministers would be able to justify their attack 
on Copenhagen, and instanced this disposition, as well as some other dif- 
ferences, as disqualifying him from the lead of the party. Derided in con- 
trast, the violent conduct we had pursued with the Danes, as a measure 
demanded by the crisis in which we were placed, and our absurd sqaeam- 
ishoe&s in obstinately refasing tu strengthen and consohdatc the Empire by 
doing only fair justice to the Irish Catholics. Spoke with much warmth 
on this topic. llcsoU'ed to devote the remnant of his days to this cause ; 
and though he should forfeit the good opinion of the King, who he under- 
stood was nt prcsfut favourably disposed towards hitii, was resolved to 
push the measure of Emancipation with all vigour. Ridiculed with much 
humour the Allies to which we were reduced, the frantic King of 
Sncden, himself to death — the King of Naples expatriated — the King 
of Sardinia driven to a barren rock, and the mad Queen of Portugal, Played 
off his ridicule on General H'hitelock, forced, b« be believed, on Windham, ■ 
to get rid of hire, as a compromise for his appointment of Craoford, for ■ 
which Windham will remain saddled with the responsibility'. His elections 
at Stafford, tboiigh M-ithout opposition, and indeed on that account, cost on 
an average £.'<M){i\} a time. Proposals for a peace certainly made through 
Count Starenberg, which, though no basis was proposed, he thought ouglkt 
to have been accepted. Strong opposition intended on this ground. — Cor- 
rected lately at Kelly's a copy of the Duenna, from which they were going 
to act, full of false grammar and nonsense. In conversation with Mr. 
Pearson on his Letter to Pcrcixal, of which he hii^bly approved the style 
and merit of the argument, said he was n strong fnend tn Kstnblisbments ; 
that were he a legishitor organizing a state, he would institute an estab- 
lished Church for the purpose of directing the superwlitiotua of the people, 
but when there was an establishment ready formed, there could he no 
Httcstion about retaining it ; but then he would reforuii he would make itie 



I 



I 

I 




93 Diary of a Lover of Lileraturt. [July, 

Clergy execute their duty as Ministers of the State ; no abominable pla- 
ralities, n on -residences, &c. In the Drawing- room, w-ould not listen to 
Speoce's pamphlet -, called his dnctrine absurd and prf^msteroas, nnlets 
we cboac to revert to onr antient condition, feed on aconis and paint our 
bodies. Impossible to subsist on our intcnut] resources, and support our 
army and oa\'y. After expending our blood and treasure in extending oor 
commerce, when in danger of losing it, now turning round and voting 
commerce a nuisance. Could not prevail on him to give micIi nonsense Ave 
minotoe attention. Against Spcnce's grand argumtint. however, he h«d 
nothitig to allege, and was manifestly vexed at being thus gmvelled. He 
mentioned Louis XVIII. as being a most enormous feeder, nnd apparently 
caring for little else. A gentleman in his company begun abusing 
Boooapartc, but Ixtnld spoke nf him with much gentleness and modera- 
tion, amd turned the conversation. Spoke of a silver cnp presented him 
by the tobacconists fur his exertions in their cause, exhibited as Hercules 
destroying one of the heads of the hydra. Spoke handsomely of Crahbv't 
Poem. Quite easy, unaffected, and natural. Affected to muzziness wttb 
verj- little nine. Had much chat with Jones, the manager of the Dublin 
Theatre. Spoke of La Rive, as far the iinest actor he had ever seen. 
Kembie not to be named in the same breath with him. 

Fed. 12. Mackintosh's Ijitin Epitaph on his VVifi', in St.Clpmcnt Oane^. 
I suppose was written by Parr.* It contains a sentiment nt least 1 stioold 
not expect from him. who, if 1 mistake not, declared to Parr that be shoald 
be inclined to be a Christian, if he were not an .Athrist. ' Sperms haud 
loDginquum inter se et Catheriuam soam digrcssum fore, siquidcm vit&m 
nobis commorandi diversoriam, noo habitandi Dens immortalis dedit.' Vet 
1 remember hearing Mackintosh repeat the Apostles' Creed ren* articulately 
and dUtiactly in the Temple Church. 

March 2. Koscoe's Leo the Tenth, the 19th chapter of vol 4, contjuDS 
an interesting account of the progress of the Reformation, iu whirh the 
author rises occasionally much above himself. How great does Lutlier there 
appear, what an imposing form does he ns.sume, when presenting himself 
before the Diet of Worms ; a solitary individual, contending «ith effect 
against the greatest power on earth, Ecclesiastical and Civil, assembled to 
«0b4hui him ! That wonderful inconsistency of the human miod, which 
led Luther to explode all hnman authority which clashed with his own 
opinions, and then to exhibit an example of the Acrcest intolerance with 
respect to his own, admits surelj of an easy explication, as wc are 
actuated by our passions, however striking it may appear in viewing the 
conduct of others when these passions arc quiescent ! 1 ought to have 
noticed in the l^th chapter, a strung descriptive view of Luther, '* who 
individually, for a long time, h-ilanced the scale against the whole christian 
world, and at length broke the beam which be could not actuallv incline 
in his fa^'oor." Iloscoe is not always correct in bis language. He has a 
jost remark in his 1 0th chapter — "That the relator, who carelessly approves^ 
is worse than the agent who, andcr the influence of pHssion, perpetrates 
crioies." 

Mtrek 8. Finished Roscoe's Leo X. The 22d chapter is above measare 
iatfTChting (rom its notice of Mi*;hacl Angelo and Kaffaele, the Homer 
and Virgil of modern art, in recoantiiig whose stupendous power and 
achievements, — the snbUme energy of the one, and the divine grace cf , 



I 



i 



le other, — Roscoe u touched with auLmatioQ, and rises far above himself. 

the expenses incurred in building St. Peter's Church were the occasion 
of those cxactioDS which incited the Keforniation, here is a curious link of 
causes indeed. Ills remarks on the art of etching, by which unt cupies 
but the original gket<-hes themselves of the greatest masters have been 
multiplied and [Krpctuated, arc just and new. This work will not, 1 think, 
materially add to his reputation, nor detract from it; it stands exposed to 
the same capital objections as the Life of Lorenzo j— as a piece of biogra- 
phy, it is much too ample for the subject ; as a History of Literature, and 
the Arts and Sciences, it is much too contracted in its scope ; aikd the two 
topics, by heiug treated together, mutually encuiaber and fetter each other. 
The style is laiidable, and this may be regardcfl as its highest praise. There 
is a sentiment in the Slth chapter very applicable to the present political 
morality — 'If the examples of (he crimes of one» could justify tho^c of 
another, the world would soon become a great theatre of treachery, and 
rapine, and blood j and the human race would excel the brute creatjou only 
in the suiKrior talents displayed in promoting their mutual destruction t" 

March 10. Read with exquisite delight, rarely interrupted, Scott's Mar- 
mion. The product of a true poet — a rich tissue of vivid imagery and 
glowing sentiment, where all seems natural, yet all new ; and the imagina* 
tion and the heart are surprised, at every tnni, with careless but inimitable 
strikes of character, interest and pathos. The little introductions to each 
of the cantos are infinitely engaging, and fraught with feelings which must 
hnil a rcs]Hmsc iu every l)osom ; but 1 grieve that he has said so much for 
Pitt,* — that he has prefigured in the Gth canto, with approbation, our late 
offensive deeds at Co(>entiagen \ and that Marmion and the tale turn out at 
last to be entirely visioniir\ — a discovery which almuBt breaks the magic 
charm, and dissolves the brilliant illusion by which we have so long and 
deliciously enchautefl- 



TBE RECORD COMMISSION. 
Xo. HI. 



THE socond diTurion of the list of th« pabUcatjoas of tbr ConamiMioiterB, oonuiofld 
tn our first article apoa tliu subject, rninprelienil« the a«» editions mmmencrd nadcr 
the aathoritj of the Ute CommiMtoDfr», and compriaes fourteen volumet. We 
shall oadcc them ia the order »/ dteir publicattoo. 

I. Tht Autktniic Edition iff tkt &tatvtet. 9 po/«. 
StartltDK ax the uAcrtJou nuiy appear to pcr«0BS who hare never conndercd the 
mttter lulScieotlj, it U jct itrictly (rue that the enomioas and oeglected volumes of 
our earl; written law present a Bubject well worthy of the de^ attentino of the pbila. 
sopher aad the historim. Our odLiooal prugreaa from oomiMirotiTe t>arbarisiii to 
cniliiAtioD : the coaAtant variations in the tUte of the public mind ; the gradual 
growth of our now abondaDt liberty ; the d«cay and aboliuoo of the feudal rigours 
, and eiactions ; the progreuive intproTemcBt of our lan^sse ; and the history of oilt 

It niiut be rviwUvL-ted that Mr. Orcrn k9» a i>taiiitch Whi^. and Knppnrt«d that 
ntemt locally with all hia ttnagth ; thrtuKh in th<- Utter yrarv of bik lift' politim and 
party loat ninch of tb*ir frrmw inlltwnier ; pmd the study of the bcautm^ of nature 
•ad art wemcd alike to on™ "<iilllB hU wdl>rr];nbited mind, which inoTcd 

lb hartnuny with the ook a ftoflrr and milder colouring, as the 

shaduP'uf adtandn ' U» mrfact- — Ep(t. 




I 



I 




34 The Record Commimen, 

rimgoUr potitki] butitutioDS and sjntvm of jurisprudence, are oU written in volunei 
which it is tbe cnstora to thro* aaide with inflnite disdain, as mere emanations of doU- 
neM unfit to be approached by the mau of hair-ioquirers, wlio look upou tliemselres •• 
philosopheri ; "TDlamM whirhit ia believed," %mys Mr. Ualuea BarnDgton, inthePrc- 
bec to his Obserrationa no tb« Statutes, " that few lawyers or histDrianfl have peraxcA in 
n regilUr course of reading." It is true that the prospect held forth by these volumea in 
inScient to discourage erery one but the tnoBt aealous. The truths to be diacovcred do 
not lie like grape-clnstcrs io a riucyard ; a man cannot atetch Torth his hand and gather 
them : tlury are hiddrn in langua,rcs which have pas»ied away, and in words which 
denote legal mystcrica long follea into obliTioD ; they are incumbered hy a phraaeoLoj^ 
which, in the early period, is clouded by barbarism, and in afterwards orerliiid by 
that tautology which, to the disgrace of our legiiilature and our lawyers, hoa been 
permitted to become the langua^cc of jurisprudence. The principal matters contained 
in our Statute Book may be classed under the head of Charters, which proceeded im* 
mediately from the king, and arc couehcd in the form of royal grants ; Ordinancca, or 
Royal Mandates, consented to in great cuuncilB, and intended tu hare a partial or tern* 
ponry legisUtive effect ; and Statutes, which aame waa aacienUy n-serrcd for the 
moiT solemn acts of the three bodies of the legislature, and which, from the time of 
Edward HI., has been the only form in which thry hare made known their will. Pre- 
vioos to the reign of Henry Vll. the acta of the legislature arc to be found sometimes 
in Latin, sumctimes in French, and sometimes in Eng^lishj no general rule upoa the 
■abject appears to hare prevailed. From Henry VII. the Engliab language has bota 
the only one used. 

The Sututea were anciently enrolled, under the direction of the Chancellor, upon 
certain RoUa termed " Statute Rolls." There is extant in the Tower a series of these ^ 
RoUa. six in aiunber. each Roll coniisting of scrertl membrann tacked togethcr«^| 
The first, or great HoU, contains the SUtates from 6th Edward 1. to 50tb Edward 111.^ 
The second Roll, of wliich there also exists a duplicate, contains the Statutes uf the 
reign of Richard II. The third Roll, the Sututes of Henry IV. and Henry V. The 
fourth Roll, the .Statutes from 1st Henry V[. to Bth Henry VI. llie fifth Roll, the 
Statntes from Soth Henry VI. to ;l9th Henry VI. Thr sixth Roll, the Statutes from 1st 
Edward IV. to dth Edward I V. Some documents have ercpt into the earlier parts of 
the Statute Dook, and haro alwap been treated as authentic Statutes, which do oot 
appear upon the Statute Rolls ; and the series of the Statute Rolls in incomplete, bdn^ 
interrupted between Hth Hrnry VI, and 23d Henry VI. ; but, "o far as relates to the 
m&tter entered upon these Rolls, thoy have always been regarded as of the rcry 
highest authority. There is reason to believe that the Statute KdU were conCiaaeJ 
down to -Ith Henry VII., but the portion between the dtfa Edward IV. and 
period, ia not known to be in existence. 

Before tlie rime of Richard III. the business of the Parliament was registervd' 
in the following niannrr: — entriea of all Petitions, or Bills, presented to PnrljanrwH 
by individuals, or by the I*arUament to the Sovereign, with the aoswers, and of mU 
adjonmmeats, message* from the Sovereign, elections of Speakers, and all Uie otiier 
ooourrencrs and transaction* of the Parliament, wi*re made upon a Roll, which wis 
termed the Parliament Roll. Prom the entries upon this Roll, it appeared what 
Prtilioos of the Parliament to the Crown had been consented to, and, usually after 
the end of the S««sion, these Petitions and answers were put into the form of oaa 
general Statute, which was afterwards entered upon the Statute Roll. In ths oatr 
Parliament held under Richard III. the Ststntca began to be framed from the i 
BlQs passed in PuUament, and not as parts of one general Statute. Upua the 
of this new prsoties, the Statates themselves, in the form in which they w«t 
to be entered on the Parlisaut Roll aa well as on the Statute Roll— 
3 



that— 




nod luelesa IroaUe, especially utter tli« rdgn of iUchftnl 111., in wUcb tbe AcU 
vtra ftnt printed aad published tooD aSUr the cI<Me of the Sooioa. Tlic practice 
of Mcbird 111. wu continued bjr his Duccnaor i but after his thiid ParlUmeDt, the 
Suiute Roll, vrliich hid become oou-ly ludeu, Oral aa; erent waa sapcnedcd for all 
pnctirol imrpoaes by the ParliuncDt RoU, was laid saida. The aeuioaal publicatioDi 
hare ber.n continued down to the ]>rcictit time. 

It will be obserrcd th&t the tilatute Roll commeBoeii with the 6th Edward I. - 
but tlie Statute BouIl haa alwayi contained aeferal Charteni and Statutes aolenor to 
thAt period, and especially the Magna Charta. th« Charter of the Forest, and the 
Statute* of Merton, hlorlcbrid^, and Wcstmiaster Primer. The Charteni oflilwr- 
tiea contained in ail the editiooj of the Statutes before the oae now under con- 
aideration, were printed from one oftwo Charters of IpLspezimni of Edward 1. , one dated 
in th« S.'ilh, and the other in the Satb year of his rci^ ; but it woa well known that 
Mine uf the orii^inal Charten tbcaaelTei, and many traiucripts or expmptificationa of 
them, were in cxisteooe. The CommissIoDera ckterained to prefix to the nuthcntk 
edition copim of nil the known ChorUni of Uhertics, and in order to obtain, eopies 
of these documents which could be relied upon, two Sub-Commiuionera were em- 
ployed during the summer of ]80<),io making aprojprcss through England and Ireland, 
to every place where it appeared from the rctunu to the R«con] Committee of IBOO, 
ur from other Inlelliiieiice, that uy Charters, or transcripts of them, were preserved. 
The remit appeared in the recovery of six Charters, not before printed either in the 
Statutes, in Blackstooe'fl Charten, or elsewhere, and some of which bad been pre- 
vioojly suppoaed to be eotlrety tost- These, together with all the Charters ever pub- 
lished before, were prefixed to the authentic edibon. 

The Statutes for the periods during wliicb the Statute RoU is defcctire, have b«cB 
derived firom various inferior goorcea. some of them Records, and others MSS., or 
printed transcripts, wlueh ha*8 haoK sanctioned by the usage of centuries. The nature 
of these secondary iMurcc* may be judged from the following enumeration :—«xcmpU. 
flcaliou of Statutes, that is, copies examined with the original records, were aneieatly 
JMit tluroagbottt the country, with writs annexed re4]uiring them to be proclaimed, and 
MioetiBBes directiag copies to be mode and dittrihated. Many lucb exempliitcatioas 
ore in existence. Tnumcripts were also occasionally sent to the King's Courts for 
their guidaore and informsUao. Prom the 12th Henry VII. to the present time, 
with a very few deficirnrtea, the original Acts, as cngroaoed wd paaaed in Parliament, 
Are preserved in the Parliament Office. The Close, Patent, Fine, and Charter Rolls 
xonUin entries of Charters, Statutes, and insCmmcou in which Statutes are recited. 
The Red Books of the Exchequer at Westminster and at Dublin, and three other 
ancient books, preserved io the Eicbequcr at Westminster ; scTcrol ancient volumes 
iresenrcd in the oBoe of the Town Clerk of the City of London, and espcdolly two 
by the Qojnes of Liher Horn, which wu compiled about A. D. 1311, and 
tihrr Cuttwnantm, of the dale of A. D. 1320, contain entries of ucient Ktalulea. 
There are also many highly valuable manoicripts of a similar character in the Cot* 
4 other collectionB in the British MoMrum, at the Bodleian, in several of 
fhe ooIUffe libraries at Cambridge, and in the libraries of Lincoln's Inn and the Inner 
Temple. From all these sottrces the Statute Book has oces mode as oomj^ete m It 

|,^w seems possible tn render it. 
i Ttie editors of the early printed collections at the Suiutes dirided them into two 
portions, the Aniiqwi, or fWcrs SiaftiJa, being Uuise prior (u the reii^n of EdwanI 
fal., ami the A'ap* Sltimlm, those aubaaquent to that (H*riod. Tlte fetira IStaMit 
Kcne ftrvt printed by Pynaoa ia ISOB. U'mo ; thrjr were frequently re|>nntrd, and ia 
bjH as rdttiun of Statutes, omltled in tlie fonoer coIJrrtiuu, was published by 
BertheWl, iimlrr the Ude of ^*ttm4* Pwt Vftmmt SMutWmm. The carUcit col< 
GaxT. Mao. Vc E 



I 

I 

I 





25 The Record Commission. [Jd 

lecHoD of the A'ura.V/dfiifd, comprehending those Trom Igt Edward Ill.toSfd Edward 
IV., wu puhlUliwl by Lettou and Mnchlinta about U82, folio. The firat L-oUtKrlion, 
wbtch Included both llie Vetera imri tlic .Vora Slatuta, appears to hare bceu printed by 
Brrlhirlet in 1543 ; it cotirinted of one volnmi* En foUo. itui comprised all the Sutateft 
down to tlie l!)th Henry VII. in Eni;liBh. Hutcll followt^d in ^5^^ with a collectioa 
of all the Statutes to that jtnr. aho in nnc rulume faliu. This colleRtion waa in th* 
orijpnKl lunguA^s ; " for thoitv," Raid Raalell, " that were fir^t writt«n ia Latin, or 
in Frcucbc, dare I not preaumc to traiulate into EagliRh for fear of intainter|irctadoa ; 
fur many wordea and termes b« ihrre in divert Statult-s, both ia Latin and in Prenchv, 
wbicb be very hard lo trannlale aptly iolu ICugU^b." These acruplea were overcome 
in aubseqaeot editions ; and RaKteH'a Statute* in English were fre^nently reprinted 
until lysi. Barker followed RuxteU, and waa the first to de«ia;nafe the Statute* by 
the title Ibcyatill bear — " Th« Statute* at Large." Hi* edition was in En^li&h, ^vola. fl 
folio, 15R;.8,andendnl with the Statute of?l)th EUxabeth. Pultun, the tteit editor. ' 
brought to his task no ordinary degree of Ut«rary enthusiasm. In IGII, being thea 
" alinoat fonr«tiore," lie first promulgated his proposal of a puhlicalion of the Statute* 
from the original records, and, in order that he might prosecute his entt^rprise witb 
the rigour oecosaanr for its BccompUahment, but little suited to his time of life, he 
took a lodging near the Record Office in the Tower, and petitioned the Crown that 
the keeper of the records might " every day deliver unto him. when he should require, 
one Parliament Roll, to be by htm and his clerk peruti^t] and vicwud, and the same 
afkerwarda lo he re-delivennl by them to the aaid keeper thereof." The old man met 
with a good deal of opposition from the Record officers, but such a ipirit as his U 
■eldom unfoccessftil, and he lived lo complete a work lu which all subsequent editors 
oftbeStatvtca hare been tnoioly indebted. It was pabliMhed in Itilfi, ? vols, folio, and 
coded with 7th James 1. Kebte aucceedcd with an edition, ending with ?7th Charles 
II. in two volumea, folio. Serjeant Hawkins, in \T.i5, brought the Statutes dow^ to 
7th George II. in aii volonoea, folio. Cay, in the tike Dumber of voluoiea. published in 
1758 a collerlion ending with lOth George 11. Ruffhead followed in I76:?.5 with alM 
voluaiea, -Ito.. ending with Mh George III. Pickering puhlUhed between 1709.ft 
twcoty-foar volumeo of an Bvo. collection to 1st George III. which baa been coatinae4^l 
from that time. Ruikiiiogtou between 171^6 — ISOt, published acollectioa to the 4ll^| 
George 1 1 1 . in fourteen volumes, 4to. Notwithatondiog these various editions, it appnui^l 
that, anongat them all, there was not any complete coUeclioo containing all the matteraV 
which at different times, and by different editors, had been published as Statotev; 
there was a want of uniformity in the text of the earlier Statutes ; there wai not an* 
complete translation of all the Statates prerioas to Henry VII.; nor was there aay 
collection whaterer publlabed under the royal autbority, which alone has the power of 
promulgating the laws. Under these circomatancea, few wDI di-ipute the propriety 
of the opinion expressed by the Commons' Committee of 1800. that '* jt was bigh]y 
expedient for the honour of the nation, and the benefit of all his Majesty's subjeeta, 
ttut a complete and authoritative edition of all the Statutes should be pablisbed." Hm 
Rceord ConuniaaioDers very properly proceeded at once to the Ulraur pointed oat Ut 
them, and the autbenlic edition, in nine volomes, was poblished betweca the vears 
lull and loltl. The onllertioa is preceded by a very able historical and explanator 
iaUodnctiou, written by SirT.Tomlins, from which we have derived most of the < 
aboTS noticed, "niis edition cost the country 59,n9?f-, of which sum 29,000/. 
paid fnr Utnvry labour. The eapenditura of so vast a sum entitled the country to 
a large return ; and it is a plraaure lo be able to record that, in th " instance 
publicaticu appears to bare given abnoat Dni|Ualified satisfaction. It etmstltut* 
nvble Cirrjnu JmriiHcmm wvrtby of tbc rrpatation wbicb our lawa have Ut-* 
aad of tbc dignified statioa amongst uatiuna to «blcb our coaalry has aaeeiH 



lator^r 





T^e principal objectioa rmii«d ■^aiiiit thij collectiuo U, that it devceadt bo lower 
lluo the end of the reign of Qoeea Anne, and that cnnMrqurntly it cuntKini ttut ti 
anuli Dumber erf the Stslutn now in force. The Commona' Committn' rrtrommendeif 
the pubUeatioa of all the Statutes, and it U difficult to diacorer why their reeommett- 
dUtlon wu deputed from. The accMsion of the House of Hanorrr ii an era whkh 
ftuniahedi pcrhapn, a good rearing place, but cannot be roiuiderrtl a termination. 
Ae more modem Statutes alone are tho«e which ant prnicipaltf lucfnl to the practical 
llwyer, and to the hotter of the people ; Imtb of whiioi, a« well tu the hl*tanan, ought 
to be coDMdrrrd in an undcrtahing like thi». "We »ha]l hope to t«c the lahoor tpecdily 
nsumeO, which we are convinced it might be, and brouffbt down to the und of George 
IV., at a coroparntivrlT trifling capenM. It would he well to Icxre to eirry monarch 
the duly of prtimulgaiiu; tlir law* of only hii inunetUalK predorenor. Another ob- 
jection urged against this rditinn iK, tliat ' not asin^lr/mra/^art i» iutrted. Iliongb* 
oontiaoei the aathor from whom wc quote (Sir H. Nicolas, Oberrr. on Hi»t. Uc, ( 
p. 98), * it might not hate been n'ue to print oil the modem Private Statntrx. on accoua 
of their Client, one volume nt lea»t ahould have been deroted to the earlier onrs,^ 
beciMse the private StatntrH in the rrigna uf the Ftantngencla and Tudors, abound in 
hiilorieal, biographical, and BQCiqniiriiin, if not legal, infonoation, at well as with 
nolicea of the descent of latwb; and one vututne wuuld hnve compri5nl nearly if uut 
the whole of the Private Acu down to the Acccwdon of the Hoiuo of Stuart." J'art 
of this censure aeema founded in nUitlaiic. The rule acted ujion by the Comim*- 
rioners, and expUiaed in the introduction, wan this. Down to the 31st lienry VI II. 
•11 the Acta were inserted. In Uiat year the distioction between Public .\cUi and 
Private Acta is fur the fint time spccilicaUy Mt«ud in the Inrollmcnt of tbe Statutes iu 
Chancery. After that date the Private Acts are merely notired in thia edition by tbe 
tnaertion of their titles. With all deference to the authority from whom we have 
(jnoted, we tliink the Commissioners were right. It was ncerMory, as he admits, to ilrmw 
the line aomewherc, and the circnmslancc alluded to appears to have furnished Ihea 
with a sutBcientreaioQ for taking their aund at the .list Henry VIII. Tbe Private .\cu 
are no doubt of very great utility, especially to tbe Cienealogist, and exrerpta from them. 
judiciously selected, would be eiceedtaKly acceptable ; but the authentic edition wo* not 
the |jlsce for the publication of iuch uccrpta, and in our ojHniun the Commjaaiouen 
did wiacly m exclnding them aa soon aa the distinction was mode in the inralmcnt. 

We may rruiork Id conclusion, that practical uieo look upon it as a pity that the 
authentic edition baa not been rendered legal eridrnce. It might easily be done br a 
abort AvI of I*arliament, and wnntd add greatly to the utility and dignity uf tbia 
highly importaat and priiaeworthy jniblicatioD. 

11. Rjrm*r'a FSsdera. TilrM ro/vMie«. 
na Mbaltahle work which in known by the title of the FcederA. a work, the reputa- 
tion of whsoh, both at hoioe and on the eontiiient, aeeeih that of any sininnr puhliea- 
tioOfOrigioaScd with the celebrated Robert (lariey. Karl of Oxford. TlieBarl of Halifax 
recouuacaded Rynm. the critic. autjt|uary. and htfitariflgraphfT royal, u n prtiper 
peno^ to trarry Lxird Oifnrd's plan into executioD, and his appointment was confrmd 
Span him by a Hoyal Warrant dated the SOtli An^Bst, \^^. Anihnrity was i^ven to 
him ta tntucrihe and pahhah 'all the league*, tnaties, alliaace*. rat'ttulatioos. and 
eimfMkimdss, which had at any Lime bcea made between tbc (.'rtiwn of England and 
any other kingdom*, prinocs, and states ;' thopnbtic archive wrnp laid o[>«q to bim, 
•ad* is aomc t^titt, the Beconl Oflkfre wcra aten tutbimxed to deliver to him all 
Icagiaa, Ac viltirh ho idKmld hart o«caiian fur and dnirr. In ITO-1, &fter n lapse of 
•<Ia««n yimn. hks lint Tolame waa pubUohail. In 1707 his anthority was renewed by a 
• m4 f>n p«nrillioa to inapeet the Public Remrds waa given, 





The Record Commission. [July, 

Dot merely lo RyiD«r btnueir, bat tlso to Robert SanilereoD, who U deacribetl in tb« 
wamint u n pcnton employed b; Rjmer u liia uu»Uot. Tliia warrant, however, did 
BOt coaftitat« S«ndrr«on a priacipal in tltc undcrtakingr ax baa been crruneously ni|»- 
pOMil in the IntrodactioD to the new edition of the Ftxdera ; R]rmer alone wai tbe re- 
tpomiMe Editor of the work up to the Utli December, 17U, the jrcriod of his deatli. 
Foorteen rolumn were pnblUbed io Rymer's Uretime, the fifteenth and Blxleentb 
volumw were Uft read; for the prcai, through which they were passed by Sandertton* 
ud published, togrther with a aevcQleeuth volmne, compiled by Sanderson bimseU', 
and wbic-h liDtsbed the first edition of the work. Sanderftoo afterwards pubUabcd 
three aupplcmentary tuIdiocs, which, with the prcce^iing, made up the number of 
twenty volomet, in which the work Is usQally fuiiod. Thv«e volumei bear date from 
170-1 to 173o. The first edition soon became scaxce, and a corrected reprint wa» COQ- 
MMluitntly pobllshcd by TonBon, ondcr the editorship of Mr. George Holmcii, Depot]* 
Keeper of the Tower Rccordji, who collated such documents as bad been pabUahed 
from orifpnals in the Tower, with the oria^nals thcioselvcs, and by that means cor- 
rected many mistakes, a list of which was published si-parately (Lond. I'l'Mt, fn).), for 
tbc use of tlie purcbaseri of the first edition. Hotmes's edition was comprised la 
twenty volumes, which bear date from ITIT to 1735. Shortly afurr the completion of 
Holmes's edition, a third was undertaken at the Hague, and published in ten closelj 
l>rinted folio toIbdics. The reprint of the Loudon edition of the Foedcra occufdet 
but nine of tboM fHlnmes, the tenth containing the French urigiaal of the Abridg- 
ment, or Abstract, of the PfEdcrn, known nnder the title of the * Acta Regia;* 
a Oenrral Index, which is not to be found in either of the London editinna ; and 
•ome additional documents. The Hague eililion is not to elegant a work as the edi- 
tions which prrccdeil it, but is generally allowed to be the most conTenir-nt and desir- 
able. No prvparstions were made for any new edition until the subject was taken op 
by the Record Committee of the Commona in IttOO, who reported in the foUoiriac 
words : — 

" Thu Stale Papers, published togetlicr In Rymer's Foedero. form a most Taloalde 
coUecttou. Tlii'y commence from the Reign of Henry]., anno 113-1; bat therdo 
ooteomr lower in data than the first six years of Charles II., durini; tbo usurpatiaa; 
and it appears to your Committee, that it may be very desirable to have this work conih- 

Cleted by a Supplementary selection of such other important papers as were omitfed 
y the origiDni rompil'^H, and also to hare it continued to the Revolution, or eiea l» 
the Accession of the Mouse of Hanover." 

Shortly after the apimintment of the Record Commissioners, they called upon thf 
Kee^iers of the Record Offices to consider and report to tbcm of a proper sclectioD vi 
Records, to form a Supplement to the Foedera, and caused their intention to carry the 
rvcomtiicndatiou of the Comnons' Committee into effect to be made known. Port 
tunc time, however, they were vnttrrly unsaccenful. The Record Oflk-ora. with the 
exception of the Keeper of the Rolls' Chapel, decBned to give themselvea any titmbU 
about the matter, and au aQtitjuory of any name would undertake the task of «ditgi> 
ship. At length, after Mr. Lysona and several othin^ had deoUocd, Dr. Adam Claite 
proffered his scrrices ; and, having submitted to the Board a scbenK for the projected 
'Supplement and Continualiun,' was ap|»intcd a snb-Commiasioner on the SSlk 
March, 1 MM, and directol to proceed io tlic oollection of the ucocssAry documea^ 
It wouU have been well for the literary repuUtion of this excellent man if be had Ml 
thus sleppod forward. Various as wure his attainments, and many the excelleiit «■»- 
lities he posaeased. be certainly bad not that profound acquaintance with Eariiik 
Hiatorical and Antitjufkriun LilcraluTc, nor tlist painstakiDg and minute acdarsry, 
which were indispriuihle in an editor uf the Foidera. 

After labouring in hb coUcctions for more thu twelve months, Dr. Clarke rc^tomd 



IBM. J !■* nnvTB txmimwunt. xy 

his progKU U)the Beoortl Boud, ami sahmitlcil to them tlie propriety of tUeriog tl>e 
* StiiiptefneDC and CoDtlniutloa.* rticoiDineii(M by the Committee, into a new eilitiun 
of the whole work, tiBdcr a more ictentific and mcthoUical arrengonieot. The reuoua 
HOggntcd for thu chanjte sre principally the importance of the Fcedera; the icarce- 
neat and i-alae of copies of it;— the drcnmstanco of many of the ori^inali being 
either lost or rendered ukIcm by an injadidooa application of a solution of gnlb ; — 
and the coutcqacnce of having the whole body of its contenta correrted, methodized, 
and arranged in conjunction with the new materuLi, At the end of twehe months Dr. 
Clarke again pressed the svbjcct npon the attention of the CommissionerB, recom- 
mending a IKW edition as the only course likely fully to meet their wixbcs, nod he ulti- 
mately creditable to the undertaking. In an t*vil hoar the Commiflaioncrs conamted, 
in the hope that the work ronld thus be made ' more iwrfect, accurate, and naefol,* 
than it erer wiis before. Without entering into the qoeation of whether the Comniia. 
doQcra hod really any aothority to direct the reprinting of Records preriously pob- 
Ufllied, either by the diligcnee of indiTiduala, or at the expense of the State, upon 
which point however we entertain a rcry dear opinion, it will surely be concedr-d that 
the determination to reprint twenty folio volumes, whilst whole claaaea of important 
records remained unpublinhcd, was a proceeding of very donbtful propriety. If it 
be further considered that this determination was in opposition to the recommends 
tion of the Commons* Committee, and proceeded upon such alight grounds u thoae 
alleged by Dr. Clarke, our doubts will probably be changed into a conviction of its 
Impro pri et y . That the Fcedera is an imptirlant collection is conotded by every one i 
— its scarcencNi was grcalrx during the war, when Dr. Clarke first engaged upon it, 
dun it is at present ; but it is not a book which is erer likely to become Tcry common 
or very cbtrnp, nur is it particularly desirable that it ihould be ao. But, alleged Dr. 
Clarke, many of the original docuioeota arc lost, and many arc destroyed by gaHs, — 
be it so, how does that prove the acccsslCy of a itew editioo? Copies of documents 
lost or destroyed are no longer subject to correction by examination, and the press has 
already conferred npon these docnmenis all the publicity and |H:rmanency within its 
power. The only argument that remains is, that resulting from the convenience of 
having the supplementarv documents inserted in a chronological series with those 
previously printed, a convenience which cannot be diipuled, but which it was possible 
to parcbase too dearly. Wc shall not make any remarks upon the opportunity for cor- 
rections afforded by a new edition. The Fcedera cannot claim any peculiar accnracjr; 
but certainly the editors of the new edidon hare no right to quarrel with it upon 
that Koore. Perfect accaracy is unfortunately scarcely to be attained in works of this 
dmuTiption : Dr. Clarke himself, notwithstanding his deep acquaintance with eastera 
literature, permitted the only Arabic words which occur in the Focdera, to contain an 
uncorrected mistake of the press. 

Thna volumes of the new edition had been pubUshed at an ex])en8e of more than 
jC30,000, whrn the present Record Commission was issued. In the meantime, how- 
ever, Mimu very aeriuuM impntations of inaccuracy bad been brought against the work, 
and the Commissioners therefore suspended the publication in order to afford time fur 
inquiry. The result apjtearcd in the almost immediate nbandnnment of the work. 
The three volnnes, conbdned in six large parts, bring down tha aerie* of documents 
to the end of the reign of Edward HI., and H7 pages of vol.iv, which had been 
printed before the work was stnftjwd, have been since bound up by order of the Com- 
misaioners, and continue tha scries to the 6th year of Richard II. We Icam from ■ 
pamphlet printed at Paris, under the sapfsrintendenoe of M. Paul Rojer — CoUard* 
but wrillco by Mr. Cooiier, the present Secretary to the Rocord Board, and cir- 
:alatcd throughout France with the view of brtpguig to light onkuowti documents 




I 
I 

I 



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3P 



S9 The Record CommUsum. [Ji 

relative to the hutory of thU country ; tbat it ii nnw propoMd bjr IbeCommiuioaera 
to pobluli « Supptroifut to ihf volumes already printol, ind to MOtiDue tbe work 
upon ao imprOTcd pUn, and to > better funn. This pamphlet aUo itAtci, that * The 
Commiasioneni have it in %-icw to infcrt in thr new edition the whola of the most im> 
portaot docuoienia relating to Uie foreign transactions of EogUnd, uit) » short abridg- 
ment of those whieh arr Inu worthy uf attention, ao M tu form i wmiplet? rvrpus 
dipiomatieuin. In the new continuation it a alao int«ndetf to add ' dw note^ Kur les 
bit torieoa ct lea chroniquea; cnhn d'y ajouter lus docuoicu proprei i jctcr de la 
lun)i^r« sar rhiatoire des aJCaires ftrangcrM de PAngltrtcrre. Aio«i depuiii la coQi)iW^t« 
jusqu'an regnc ie Jacquca 1", laCommiMion Toudrait ac procarcr dm liitca completes 
de low In docunens intdits cooccrnant rAngleterre, I'Ecopae, I'lrUadai le pays de 
GsUMtCtlei antrea domainea et d^pendancea dcfAngleterre, qui pourr«MR| sc troarer 
dans Le« d^pdta publics dc France.' * 

The erran charged n^in»t the nrv edition of the Feeders, are thoie both of 
onuosion and commiaaioo. Of the otnitia the number in the finl Tolome |a astoajalw 
Ing. The documenta omilted in one year, the 6tli of John, have been nrlBtcd, nnd 
fill nine folio pagva. Many of these reUte to Ireland, and It would stem that in tbe 
•arly put of tbe work the ougority of entries relatinj; to that country irvr« omitted. 
Holmea, tbe editor of tbe lecoad edition of the Fa:ilera, having profciaed to have 
examined, vith the originaU. such documcufs m were printed from Rcr4)rdt ia tha 
Tower, little further trouble seems to have been taken about the uisttrr ; and tlulmea't 
text wa* reprinted withont collation, or ini[Utry as to whether the documosta id the 
printed collection were all tliat ought to have been iuwrtcd. The coDsct^utnt'c* of 
thia oon-coUatioD, which was nnfortunately permitted to extend even beyond tha 
Tower Records, have been exceedinj{ly hunentable. In one instance, an error of no 
lesa than IIG yean in Uie date of an instrument, passed unobiier^'ed ; in fpothcTf 
■nialakca of so groaa a character as to render the authenticity of the inxtryjneat • 
naUcT of question, were permitted lo stand uncorrected, although tbe original (on« of 
the moat important docatnrDts in British history) was at hand for examination. Uadar 
tbe head of "Errors of Commi&siun," may be cUased the innertiun of manyneir docu. 
meats which had be^m already, and very lately, printed by the Lords' Commiltcca oq 
tbe Dipttty of a Peer of the Realm, or by the (Jommisaioncm of Records, eitlkcr la 
tbe Kotuli Scotin. or some of their other pubticationa. Tbe aamo carvleuneeB, or 
want of sufficient knowU>dg<^ of the aubject, from which these mistakes procended* 
occanonod many misplacings of Charters, and other errors very likely to confose ■■» 
qoiroret a»d acaroely pardooabla in a work prodaoed with such a lavish cipenditvre, 
aad under circumstaneet which ao imperiously demanded tbe most minute and carolal 
itccaracy. But it is useless to pursue the subject farther. The new edition tit tbe 
F(edera was a failure, a glaring and a total failure, and afforded, not mctcly aootbar 
instaxe of tbe incompetency of tbe Commiaaiooers as Directora of the Publicatioos 
meditated by the House of Commons and the Crown, but another proof also that is 
their hands the public parse was beU so looMly, that it was equally assailable by the 
•elf-ioterrsted and by the incompcteot. by the mere jobber who piled Inde^ Qpoa 
Indci, and by the ' good easy man,' who overrated hi* own abilities, and did not (la4 
in the CommiKaioners peraons competent to diicorer their actual calibre. 

flVe are mrry to be ohHytd to di^rr to our ntjt numi^r tit POmchuian uf 
Paptr, ieimfi a motin ^f Sir F. Patgnvt'M ParltameHtarg If nf»>. 

• La CoKmtniott da Arthivea d'Ancleterrc au Savaas et Afitiqaairaa Vtm 
^wto, tro. 1934, p. le. 



• 




l8Md 



)ir 1^ str £«M«w rermy. 



31 



Ma, Urban, CtmhnvrtU. 

I HEREWITH forwihi yoo some 
Dftrticulars in th« Life of Sir Edmund 
Verney. Knight ^fs^»hall hM .Stftnd- 
ftrd-b^rer to King Charl«l the ftnt, 
who bore the roytl banner At the buttle 
of Edge H ill ; in the hope th«k ft charac- 
ter ID excellent may find totM further 
illuBtration, tljmu^h the cttrtlona of 
your valuable Corrv>patidi''iitl. 

Of this penoD, who mtpht be termed, 
in all save erudition, the archetype uf 
the accotnpliKbiHl Falkland, it ift a toat- 
ter of flurprisc and of regret that so 
Sinle bai been recorded. He «-&» the 
tmrond son of Sir Edmund Verney, 
Knight,* of Middle Claydon, In the 
county of Buckingham, ajid of Peuley, 
ID llcrtfordbbire, by hi£ tliird wife.f 
Mary, daughter of John Blackney, 
Esq., of Sparham, Norfolk, and was 
born in London on the 7th of April. 
1690. 

Bred at Court, he stood pre-eminent 
for virtue where virtue is bo Hldom 
Touod, inasmuch that it became b 
common saying that h« wom the only 
courtier against whom no t-eNo/tfycould 
l>e alleged ; and Oiarlc», in afUr timei, 
waa frequently heard to rciiiBrk that 
the family of Sir Edmund Verney was 
the fairest model for imitation in the 
kingdom. 

Ill I5lfi, Sir Edward Herbert, after- 
wards Lord Herbert of Cberbury, was 
appointed ambtMador to France, and 
with this celebrated nobleman. Sir Ed- 

* For a peiij|rtc of this locieDt ^mily, 
deduced frnin Ralph Verney. Uviajr iti the 
'th of John, M« Upsromb'i Bucking- 
hamshire'. Part i. p. \1H. 

t Ur. I>ip«eoinb. (Hirtory and Anriqui- 
tiesof Uackiikfcbam, Part I.) ims endeavour- 
ed to ihew that he waa the mb nf kia fa- 
ther'! Kt-'ond wifie (Awdrey, daughter of 
William (inrdiner, E«|., of Fnlmer. «bo 
died iu Julj, UHH, and relict ofSir Peter 
Care*, KiUjfht), for the aolc purpose. I 
imagine, of laboiitting to the idle tradl- 
liuu, " That b« wa« aeitber bora or buried" 
— I traJifion (funded, be irlU as, on the 
belief that he WM brongbt into the worbl 
by the CK»ariaa operalion. hw mother 
dyloc dumtf p*riu , aad rrum th« eir* 
I cu'vitani-c of hii body Mrar karliig been 
^*nuiMl. Hut thia co^aetuf ia a»y thing 
14 nn Mil u.>fiiisJtion held 
iiaataden, 13 
■ fbfl Wro«d 
«» foiiiid t(j t>i ' !.) 

apwmta, which age »^- ,ir 




rauod Verney visited the court of* 
Louia XIH.. and two years after h*1 
attended Sir Henry Wotton in hia em- 
bassy to Venice. In l62l.orthefDllow. 
ing year, he accompanied John Lord 
Digby, to Spain, and here, in hit xea- 
lous opposition tu tlie tnachinationft tS 
Popery, he narrowly eacaiMd falling 
into the power of the Huly Inquiaition. 
Going one day. in the August of l')33. 
to visit Mr. Washington, page to the 
Prince of Wales, who lay sick of a 
calenture, which terminated his life, 
he chanced to encounter, on the stairs, 
a Romish priest of the name of Mal- 
lard, who had been endeavouring to se- i 
duce the dying man to the tenets of hid 
religion. Word* grew high Iwtweetl 
the parties, and blows succeeded wordfJi 
— tloweU's Letters, It is eoJd by Lloyd, ' 
hot with little semblance of probability, 
that this occurrence in »ome measure 
determined the Prioceand Huckingbam 
on their return to Euglaud. 

Immediately on the accession of 
Charles to the throne, we find hira re- 
wording his esteemed and faithful 
servant — for he appears from hia own 
conversation to have followed the 
prince for many years — with the office 
of Knight Marshall of his Horse and 
Verge— an office that could not be in- 
trusted to a more efficient person, and 
which he retained till hts death. 

It would scarcely have been in ac- 
cordance with the spirit of the age, or 
with the then education of on accom- 
plished gentleman, if the subject of 
this sketch had suffered his sword to 
slumber in virginity; andaccurdiogly, 
under the Lord Goring, be served some 
time in the Low Countrj-, but whether 
before or subsequently to his travels, 
I am not prepared to state. 

In 1628 he represented the borough 
of Aylesbury m Parliament, from 
which time till lG3y I have no in- 
formation respecting his proceedings. 
In this year ne attended tlie King to 
Berwick, from whence, on the 6ih of 
June, he was sent to the Scottish 
camp with the Karl of Dunfermline, 
the bearer of an answer to the petition 
prcscntpii by that Earl ; and on the 
30th of the same mcmth he was com- 
missioned, with Sir John Burroagha^ 
to Me the royal declaration read by 
Lyon King-at-anns, in the hostile 
camp. 

In February, 1640. beingtheomero- 
Wr for Chipping Wycombe, I find h\a 




r 



32 



Memoir of Sir Bimxmd Veney. 



[July; 



Dame among the Committee for aba- 
lisluDg fluperetition and idolatry : and 
on tlic 3d of May, the following year 
OS member for the aame borough, 
among the mcmberft who took tho 
oath of Protestantism. 

The year now ensuing, brought with 
it the memorable impeachment of the 
five mcmbcn, the iQcreased unpopula- 
rity of the King, and bis subsequent 
flight from London. It brought with 
it a Sovereign and his people divided 
and in arms, a powerful rebellion, and 
the consequent subvcisioa ofestabliab- 
ed principles. 

In this turn of aflairs, it wm not to 
be supposed that Sir Edmund would 
rest a passive spectator ; and therefore, 
in right of his office, be unfurled the 
banner of hi* King in a cause that his 
honour led him to espouBC, though 
firmly convinced in his mind of the 
injustice of ita origin. 

It was on the 25th of August, 1643, 
that Charles erected hi^ Standard, the 
open signal of anarchy and domestic 
war, upon the castle hill of Notting- 
ham. Attended by a small train he 
ascended that eminence witli Sir Ed- 
mund, who in affixing the royal ban- 
ner in the earth, observed that, " By 
the grace of God," his usual assevera- 
tion, " the man who wrested it from 
his hand should first wrest his soul 
from his body" — an assertion that he 
was shortly doomed to verify. 

Clarendon, in his History of this 
Rebellion, has preserved a melancholy 
and affecting memorial of his feel- 
ings at this period, and of the causes 
whereby he was influenced in the 
conduct hv pursued. " My condi- 
tion," said he to the noble author, 
whom he met at Nottingham, and con- 
grmtulatl^d on the cheerful countenance 
he was able to prrsenre in so momcn- 
touB a crisis, " is much worse than 
yours, and difTcTcnt, 1 believe, from 
any other man's, and will very well 
justify the melancholy that I confess 
to you po a a ea aes me. Vou have io- 
tiallactioa in yoor conscience that you 
arc in the right ; that the King ought 
not to grant what is required of him ; 
ftod to you do your duty and your 
btwinen together. But for my port, 
I do not like the nuarrri, and do 
heartily wish that the King would 
yield and consent to what ibcy dc- 
•ire; so that my cooscieoce is only 



concerned in honour and in gratitude 
to follow my master. 1 have eaten bia 
bread, and served him nearly thirty 
yeare, and will not do so base a thing 
as to foriuLke him ; and chooae rather 
to lose my life, which I am sure I shall 
do, to preserve and defend tliuRe thin^ 
which are agaimtt my conscience to 
preserve and defend ; for 1 will deal 
freely with you; I have no reverence 
for the Bishops, for whom this qaaxrrl 
subsist*. "• 

The first battle that was fought be- 
tween the hostile parlies, was at 
Kcinton or Edge.hill. (23d.Oct. 1642,) 
and here Sir Edmund, who rode wiUi 
the King's own regiment of guards, 
determined to emancipate himself from 
the thraldom of his overwrought feel- 
ings, by bravely dying on the field. 
Adventoring his person into the 
thickest of the fight, he drew around 
him the bravest of the enemy. Many 
fell beneath his hand, and Lloyd mea- 
tions the almost incredible number of 
sixteen (gentlemen who that day crim- 
soned his sword. To the repeated 
offers of life, if he would re^ijrn his 
charge, his reply was. "Tliat his U6b 
was his own, and he could dispose 
it ; but the standard was his and theiff] 
Sovereign's, and he would not deli 
it while he lived." A single arm when 
opposed to thousands, must fail ; and 
at that time, when Sir Wro. Halfoar'a 
reserve felt upon the King's Foot, b« 
met the death he sought ; and Lyo- 
nell Copley. Muster-Master to the 
Elarl of Essex, is said to have wielded 
the weapon under wliich he fell.'f 

His body was never discovered ; bat 
on the field, among the slain, a hsad 
was found, and rercgnJAed by a ring; 
as that which had so lately and so wefl 
uphekl the lionour of England — an inci- 
dent that told in itself of the devotion 
of Sir Edmund, the manner of hb 
death, and uf the capture a( hit 
charge.l 

• Rebellion, vol. tU. p. SflS. 

t Tlic sUndard itself ia said to haw 
heen " finit taken" by Enaigii Youiif . ol 
Sir William Con^lalilc's regiment. \*idle 
Special News &om the Army at 'War- 
wick, &o. 1643. 

t Tradition points oat Penlcy as Um 
place where this hitnd was boricd ; hnX as 
tlist t^tate had been slienstcd to Sir Rl- 
rhard Aodervuit bcfurv thv year 1608, 
by SirEdmufid'i half-brother, Sir FransiSi 



le^H 



tT-ftr»t yenrof lifs «gp. n rfcrim to his 
stern unbending virtur, one of the 
brightest ornaments both of the court 
and cacap of Lin unhap(iy master. 

Oo the south side of the chancel of 
Middle Claydon chnich, may hf seen a 
very high and ruriou* tDanumcni nr- 
namentcti with maay anu». nnd the 
basts of Sir Kdmnnd and his Ladjr. On 
this moDuroent, amf>ng udicra, is the 
following inscription : — 

" %>acred to the memory of the ever- 
honoured Sir Cdmuod Vemt'y, who was 
Kiiiitht MursliKU \H jrcmrs, and Stand- 
ard'bnvcr to Charles 1. in that me- 
■lurahle baltaylo of Eil{(«^.hill, wherein 
hr wu slarne oa the £td of October, I l»4'i, 
being then in the two and ■'tOth ye«r of tiis 

■«*■ 

" Ani] in honour of Diunt: Marizarcf Ida 
wife, eldest dangbter of Sir Tlioiuas Dtn- 
<oo, of Hilletton, Kni^t, hy whuin he 
had itx sonri anil nix daughteri. She ilird 
at London on the l>th, and was haried 
haraoD the 7th of Apnl, ItMl, intfao£7th 
y«ar of herage." 

Of hU son!<, the eldest, Sir Ralph, 
was created a Baronet, 16th March 
1661. He was father of Juhn first 
ViBcotint Fermanagh, and anrpstor 
of the EarU Vemcy. Captain ThutnoA, 
the second, died vila palrit. The 
third. Sir Edmund, a Colonel un- 
der Charles, was massacred, with Sir 
Arthur Aston, at Drogheda ; and 
Henry, the fiflh, held the same rank 
in the Royal army ; whilst of John 
and Richard nothing has been related. 
i^ift^ •daughters were all married, of 
whom Carey, the fourth, had to her 
first husband. Captain SirThomas Gar- 
diner, who felt near Abingdon, in 
July 1&45. 

In Middle Claydnn Houm, the seat 
of the Vemcy family, is a threc-tgijarter 
length portrait, by Vandyck, of Sir 
E«hniuid, who is represented with a 
meUaeholy countenance and loose 

and as Us Lady was buried In the cbmcb 
of Middle Ctayiloa, uut luueh ceUance is 
to t>r plared npnn it. 

A nnj[< supposed to be the hecic Sir Ed> 
niuid wore at Edge-hill, is still rn-cserv-ed 
by the repreaeotative of (he ramily. It is 
of fine fold, and formed for the little fin- 
ger, and has, beneath a small oral eryital, 
a painted portrait of the Riartrreil Kove- 
■«ei|tn. 

iitLST. Mao- Vol. II, 



«t» hrltnet, p!ncc6 on a la We, -whnBt in 
his K'ft is a gilt fttaff with enamelled 
ends. 

Returning to the Royal Banner. Af- 
ter the death of its gallant bearer, it 
wa» entmaled. by Copley, to one 
Cbanilwrs. secretary to the parliamen- 
tary general, who, guarded by on 
escort of throe cuirassiers otid as ma- 
ny aripiebu^iers on horseback, en- 
deavoured to carry it olT the 6cld. As 
they were thus making their way. 
Captain John Smith — a soldicrnf note 
and Captain Lieutenant to Lonj 
John Stewart's horse, attended by one 
Chichlcy. groom to the Puke of Rich- 
mood, rude by, but conceiving the ban- 
ner, which wa« rolled np, to be merely 
one of the ordinary colours of the 
King's Life Guar^l.and that 40 strong- 
ly guarded, he was willing to avoid an 
encounter. Wliilst pondering oo what. 
step he should pursue, a boy on ho 
back called out that the enemy were 
carrying off the Standard. 'Iliii^ inti. 
matton to a man of Smith's eatablished 
galtantr)', was not thrown away, and 
phoutiug "Traitor, deliver the stand- 
ard," he immediately attacked the Se- 
cretary*, whowas on foot, and wounded 
him in the breast. Bending over to 
follow np his thrust, a cuirassier 
ntrock him on the neck, with hispoleaie 
through the collar of his doublet, when 
at the same time his companions dis- 
charged their pistols at his face. The 
death of the cuinuaicr, by the hand of 
the Captain, terminated tliis unequal 
contest, for on his fall the rest prcsent- 
\y fled, leaving the subject of cont«>n- 
tion in the hands of (heir gallant 
victor, who shortly afterwards deli- 
vered it to Mr. Robert IlaCtoo. a gen- 
tleman of Sir Richard VViily*' troop, 
who carried it to his MajcHty.* 

The next morning, in the open Held. 
Captain Smith (who was brother to 
Sir Charles Smith, of Woolton-wa- 
vcrs, afterwards created Lord Car- 
rington) received the houournf Knight- 
hooid, and seldom has this favour lirea 
won in ao memorable a manner. He 
was slain at Alresfunl, 29th March, 
1644. G. STEI>llA.<f Stkimiah. 

* BritaanicK Virtatii Imogo^ &^ 
Oxford, 1644. 
F 



t 



34 



JrchitectHral Amti^mitin of Devonshire. 



[July. 



* 



Mr. Urbam, 
I NOW coDcIudc my remarks on 
the anttijuitiea of Dcvonttliiru. tlav- 
ing in my precedins lettt^r dr&wn 
largely upon the architectural tr«B- 
ftures nf Collumirton Church, 1 will 
now close the »ubjecC, though without 
eihaastiDc it, by a description of one 
of ita ricDost embelUbhmeots. Tbe 
I.Ane Chapel on the south eiik U a 
▼ery oagniBreut huitdinf;. Tts wlo- 
daw5 are highly adorned with tracery, 
and its buttresses, turrets, aod para. 
petA, share the ornauicnts which 
hare bc«n libi;rally bestowed on ever^' 
pan of the design. An inscriptioa on 
the wall immediately uoder the win- 
dows, is not the Ipaxt intrmtin|f ob- 
ject amoug the enrichments which 
eUicQ attentioD : — 

" lu honour of God sad his blessed 
mother Miry. Rcme'b' the aoilIjh of Jhon 
Luke Wi|ieDl' CoAt' et Lanariiu, and 
the sawle of Tnmiyn hin wiffe. to bare in 
neiDOry with all other tber Cb'ldrrn and 
fr'sdis of yoor ■wneCharrtr. which were 
fownilers of this ckapell, and here lyeth 
yn ccpulture, the yen of ower liorde 
God 1 tbowsant fyrc boodrcth vyx and 
twyati. God of tiia ^race on tber borib 
Mwles to bavc mercy and frnally bryng 
them to thectenuUJ glury." 

The interior ia light, lofty, and ele- 
|ant ; it is rich in ornament, bat not 
overloaded, and the decorations are 
mostly in good taste, and spread uni- 
formly over ever)' part of the design. 
Ttie roof is groined in stone: its whole 
aurfocc is covered with a beautiful 
pattern of tracery spHogiog from the 
walls and pillar?, which latter are re- 
naricably light and gracefDl, and 
•tnuthencd by buttresses standing in 
the church, panelled and embellished 
with whole-length 6gnna In leveral 
tiers. 

The Greoaway Chapel at Tiverton. 
ia an adjunct in precisoly the same 
taste. There is in both examples, but 
more particolarly in this> a Haunting 
ai«a* which seems to result from an 
OTBbcraocc of oraameat of a bold ttid 
pRMBtneat character. Tlte architec- 
ture of these chapels does not bar- 
moniju: with that nf the churcbea to 
which they are attached. Something 
Icaa than oaJf a century divifles the 
period of their erccuon, but they are 
separated by their character much 
m«re diMioctly and distantly : they 



may be viewed aa caskets of rare coat 
and most curious workmanship, but 
they arc empty caskets, and it is cer- 
tain that thuy nercr cuntaiticd jewels 
in the ^hape of sepulchral monumonu 
and sculptured efligics, commensurate 
with their beauty and their external 
claims to admiration. At Collump- 
ton the founder's monument consists 
of a humble gravestone on the com- 
mon level in the centre of the floor. 
where it has remained undistorbed^ 
though not uninjured, ever since tlia 
day of its deposit. It is seven Icct 
one inch in len^, and three feet one 
inch in widib, and has been embel- 
lished with tlie effigies of a male and 
female in brass, and four loxenge- 
shaped panels, two at the head, and 
as many at the foot, once tilled with 
armorial devices. The brasses have 
twea wholly destroyed, but the in- 
acriptioo engraved on the border of 
the stone, remains perfect : — 

•* Hie jmcet Job's Laae M'cator hvt* 
q* capetlo fa'dator ca' Thomsjiia uxore 
saa t|' diet' Job'e* obijt i*" die fcbmanj 
anno d'ni mill'o CCCCCXWIU." 

I find l^e kind of sepulchral moan- 
rocnt here described as marking the 
spot in the pavement of the chapel, 
beneath which repose the ashea of the 
founder, to have been in comnkon use. 
at least in Devonshire, till after tkc 
commencement of the 17th century*. 
The cthgies and ornaments in braaa 
wsre discarded, but thv biief and tn- 
telligcut inscription in old Fngfafc 
rliaracterit, drrply engraven witUa a 
border on the veree, wa» retained; 
and oAen a coat of arm* neatly rut. 
added to the value of the mudf>-st me- 
mprial. I select a appcimen of oo* of 
these slabs from amoug several ia the 
churchyard at Mamhead. U i» ele- 
vated upon a plain tomb, and is thus 
inscribed : 

" Herr: lyeth the body of Jcte AtwJO, 
KCDt. of Kenton, who, for the lore b« bars 
unto this parriih, wu here buried. tt» 
ISth of July, in 1600." 

Arms — A pUe sod a chevron* covatsr- 
chanjed. 

The possessor* of architectuml txaa- 
sures, so rich and valuable as the cha- 
pels and screens above nulicetl, w 
not altogether without pride oa k- 
count of the noble distinction than 
objects confer upon their chorc^a. 
They bestow care and even expciuc to 




J 



someliniea ftrrord better with oiir no- 
tiutn of correct tute, Ih&n the skill of 
modern carrer*. or the pigmcnu of 
modern blazooerB. But let as reader 
jostice to the motive ; it is entitled to 
the warmest eulogy. 

In the shape of the clustered co> 
lumos and the singular fonn of the 
capitals, rery little variety is to be 
observed. The former arc lounge- 
Tthaped. The capitolii rf^ritihle hmsd 
band& on their sumniiu; thone are 
richly and sometimes very curiously 
ornamented. The design commonly 
possesses raorv merit than the sculp- 
ture, which is onen coarse and int^e- 
gant. In Alphingtoa Church the 
mouldings of the arches and columns 
correspond. Tlie intervening capitals, 
which are broad at tbr top, and slope 
to meet the astragal, where they set 
on the pillars, are composed of four 
angvlt issuing from clouds, with ei- 
pandcd wings, and holding shields ; 
between them are some handsome rp> 
presentations of foliage. One of the 
capitals on the south !<ide exhibits a 
difference of pattern. The tigures cor- 
respond Kith the rest, but their arms 
are connected by ribbons or ecrolts 
very graceruUy folded. Thi- capitals 
of the column* in Broad Cli»t Church 
arc very highly finished specimens of 
sculpture, mostly composed of heads 
and foliage. One on the eouth side 
has a rope issuing from the mouths of 
figures, and coiled round its circam- 
fcrpoce. 

Though the merit of extreme deli- 
cacy in point of execution, can raruly 
be allowed to belong to the sculptured 
ornaments which enrich the prrvait- 
ing style of arcliitecture in tht» coun- 
ty, yet nomcFoas very beautiful spe- 
cimens occur in many of the build- 
ings. In some iosiances the excel- 
Irace of the workmanship falls short 
of the design, and the profusion of 
oniament surpasses the beauty of its 
UTUigrmcDt. Occaaioaally too,caane- 
Bcss and neatness are so closely asso- 
ciated in the same object. lUat we can 
scarcely suppose that the chisel was 
gtiided by the same hand in its execu- 
tion. But I do not observe tliat the 
ancients ever forgot the rule, or rc> 
membcring never neglected it. that, 
though they appropriated foliage.rniil. 



imitation was to be avoided ; and that 
with the choicest models before them, 
the sculptors were free to exercis* 
their taste and discernment in the usa 
of them. Sioc« exact copies 
deemed unnecessary, it was thoug 
no error or anomaly to combine what^l 
ever objects were suggested by fancy. I 
la fir>c. the sculiitors of antiquitri 
exercised a licence in their art, whicft^ 
the imitatorif in thpKe dayn wuuld do ' 
well to considor with more attention 
llian thHr works prove they deem 
necetisary. TTie ancients were |ierfect 
masters of sculpture. 1*hcir buildings 
acconlingty exhibit, in the majority of 
in^taaae, admirable beautv botli in 
the design and execution uft)i is branch 
of their art. the best qualities of which 
arc combined in the patterns of foliage 
which contribute so much to the bcaoty 
of the choir screen, and the brackets 
which sustain the pillars of the roof, 
both in Exotcr Cathedral and in that 
which adorns the superb cornice of 
the n>of of the Hall of Wcare Oiffard, 
The former were executed early in tbftl 
fourteenth century, and the latter to- 
wards the end of tbt- fiflceoth century, 
in the reign of f^ward IV. Tb« oak 
leaf is one of the most common pat- 
terns among ancient foliage, and its 
representations in these examples n 
admirable ; but the grouping of the 
foliage is so skilfully manaeed, and the 
imitation so gracRful and unaffected, 
the application so judicious, and the 
material in which it is executed so well 
cuDsidered, that the result of the taste 
and skill of those who designed and 
wrought tlieac excellent sculptures, is 
the most perfect and beautiful effect. 
It is evident that detail has not beaaj 
overlooked, but the general appcar-l 
ance of the ornaments, in regard to the' 
superior features of architecture with 
which they were incorporated, was 
duly considered ; and the combina- 
tions nf their various groa|M were 
formed with justness and elegance. 
The labour orurcIprriitiiDg. as seen in 
the exampit 'ued. most have 

been very Co: - <. hut a group of 

foliage wa.H iiilcUMWd tt be looked 
as a group c • -t 

tendrils, i^ 
cnrbel, ■ 
which QC 



36 



ArchitectvTol Aatiqaities of Dnonthiie. 



CJnIy, 



tbts though the eye tniglit, after the 
fir^t burst of gratification was over, 
dpsrend to the component objects, and 
examine their vnriuuB foniu and ruri- 
Biu workmanship. 

Modem sculptors too frequently 
owerJook the spirit of their modcU ; 
Mtivj labour to imitate the flowers of 
the field, as thuugh they were prepar- 
ing sculptures fui a botanical cxhibi- 
tioD. The houqiKl is not so much re- 
garded as the individual Hnwcrs and 
leavefl which coropos« it, and Uie ut- 
most care is devoted to make Ihe&e 
" lil» nolurti." But when the sculp- 
turvd foliage of architecture i5 so very 
like naturr, it is not at all like art, 
AlteotioD to eiact portraiture is the 
oiTor to be guarded against. It should 
*vcr be remembered that fruit and 
flowers and foliage are the subordinate 
oruamcuts of aiclii lecture, and as j^urh 
do not require the labour ofa Ixitaiiiat's 
asperience. 

7'hi; iocideotal mrntioD of the in- 
juries which have been inflicted, to 
a greater or less eiteot. on almost 
every ancient specimen of architec- 
ture in this county, must not pre- 
vent me from again referring to the 
fobject. and naming some furlhtT in- 
■tances of excessive violence ; and an 
obstinate pereevcraace in an erroneous 

SsU-ra of alteratioD which has reduced 
e number of the building* of anti- 
quity, and divested many of ihaie 
which remain of a considerable por- 
tioa of tlicir former curiosity and in- 
terest. Architectural innovation has 
bng reigned with nncontrolled power 
in the county of Devon. Elsewhere 
the haiid of depredation and destruc- 
tion only partially fixes its baleful 
impress on the works of ancient art 
and magnificence ; but here every thing 
that is venerable for its antiquity, or 
beautiful for its material and work, 
manship, is subject to malicious In- 
jury. Tlie Bpoliage which has been 
rnmmitticd in Home of the most cxten- 
Btvr eccicfciantical building in various 
parts of the county, is unlimited. It 
M imjjosRible to view without indig- 
natjfin ao many of its once noble and 
highly adorned churches, savagely de- 
i|>oi(od of every graceful and oma- 
Mrntal feature, under the plea per- 
lupa ofoectMity or convenience : but 
what ncuBC can be proffered or ac- 
vcptcd for muchief perpetrated for its 



own sake ; permitted by negligence : 
encouraged by parsimony ; cr. for the 
reverse itt sometimes alleged in eit*- 
nuation of the offence, effected by pro-: 
digality ? 

The antiquary who entrrc this' 
county, expecting or hoping to dcrivvl 
complete plcanurc from the gratifira-' 
tiou of bis curiosity, will surety be 
disappointed. He may here and there 
meet with a church so splendid and 
perfect in its enrichments, as almost 
to atone for the deficiencies he is sure 
to find in twenty other instances. He 
may fancy that the owners of houses 
would have evinced more regard for 
the remains of domestic architecture, 
than the guardians of churches have 
shown for those of the ecclesiastical 
order. Bat here too he must eodtm 
disappointment. Three mansions, po»> 
sessed indeed of vxtraordiiian- inte- 
rest, Weare Giffard. Bradley Hall, and 
Bradfield Hull. nearlycumplete the ca- 
talogue of eiampWs. But huw long ths 
coantymayctaimposM^sionofevcDtbia 
number, i» doubtful. l*he entire de- 
struction of cither of the three is not, 
at least for the present, to be appre- 
hended. One, however, is neglei^ed, 
and its ancient apartmenta are atran- 
geri to the gamlsaof appropriate for> 
niture. Another has loat much of ito 
ancient beauty since it has been ho> 
nuured by the occaaional restdeoce of 
its owner. The third was deprived 
of what might have been vienred ■• 
the a^iperitieH of antiquity at a period 
remarkable for ostentation in anhj- 
tccture. Splendour, regardless of la- 
boar and expense, has been bestovred 
in this ioBtonce, in the room of mort 
humble but infinitely more ciefant 
omameota. The interpolated work of 
James I.'s reign has been respected; 
it is still admiretl. and claims a pr^ 
acriptive right to the care and protcc* 
tioD it receives. 

Before I quit the Domestic architec- 
ture of Pe^-onshiw, I will give one 
instance of the taste which unfortn- 
ualely. while it denounces, has tiie 
]H}wer to destroy on ancient mansioo, 
and to call into bi-ing a structure of 
marvellous character and dtformitr. 
t allude tu the ancient seat of the 
Ikiuchirrs. Tawstock ahountb ta 
■plendid accner>'. The house ataad» 
on a conviderabte elevation, and ia 
still approached by a fine old galmraf^ 



I 



J 



w ft good B)>wf«MO or coarw robMs 

work. ID broad and narrow thick- 
nesses, arranged altcrnaUly. The 
whole of the mansioa which facm 
this gateway on the oppo»iie side of 
a spacious court, haii not been entirety 
destroyed or distigurcd ; but it bus 
been blemished with a new front, 
where ooce appeared the ma»t costly 
features of the anctcat fabric which 
adorned the rich landscape In which 
it wiu 9ituni«l. 

The Calheilral furnishes a lament- 
able instance of sacrilege and impiety, 
in the conversion of the beautiful ee- 
pulchrn! chapel of Sir JohnSpeke into 
a public thoroughfare. The founder 
lies in a receaa in the nortli wait. The 
eorichmcnta of the altac have been 
entirely removed, and a doorway now 
occupies the east end; and to coroplctc 
the transformation of the chapel iutu 
a porch or pa<!Aage, a considerable 
portion of the beautiful screen which 
separates the wpulchre from Uic 
church, haa been destroyed, and a ca- 
jiacinus doorway substituted. Some 
attempt to secure the recumbent effigy 
aod tomb of the owner, would have 
disarmed severity of its keenest cen< 
sures, and would have convinced those 
who cherish respect for the memory 
and monuments of men once eminent 
for virtues and abilitica, that, if the 
alteration was unavoidable, their 
claims to security and regard were 
not allogetlier overlooked. But so 
obstinately iadilTerent in many in- 
stances arc the guardians of churches, 
to propriety and decency towardi the 
sacred memorial-n of founders and be. 
m-factors, Umt they can witue&a with- 
out regret the gradual extinction of 
sepulchral trophies, the anticiuitr of 
which, instead of leMwning attach- 
ment to them, ought ratlter to 
strengthen our respect for memorials 
which have been reverenced and pre- 
served through many ages- Except 
io the iostaace of the Cathedral, the 
system of innovation or rather de- 
struction, when ooce admitted, is of 
a sweeping nature, aud admits of no 
augmentation. The church at Ham- 
staple may be named in confirmation 
^_ of this remark. It \» an ancient and 
^H very eitensivc building, cumposcd of 
^^L three aisles of eijual dimcasious. The 

L 



I 



iMttid, wifl with tncM every vnogs ov- ^ 
antiqoit)' which the interior contained, V 
FAve only the hoge tower in the centre 
of the south aisle, which was left for 
want of means to destroy its massy 
walls. The exterior now assumes an 
aspect at once heavy, coarse, and nn- 
gracious. The church at Bideford, on 
the name plan, has been partly sub- 
jected to the sonic system ; but the 
mnemoclaats of this place, more con- 
siderate for thecluslrrpd pillars which 
were designed to nuppori the church, 
have removed them into the church- 
yard, where they serve as gatc-posta 
teforo the porch of the temple to which M 
in belter days they belonged. I 

Tracery, that magnificent feature of 
pointed architecture, on ornament 
which at the same time adorns the 
exterior and interior of the building, 
and which oftrn cnnnfittitcs the chief 
embellishment of the design. In not 
generally admired in this county, and 
cimsequently the windows of very 
few of the churcheti exhibit any thing _ 
more than a row of yawning aper- ■ 
tores. The sides of Torrington Church 1 
are sufficiently plain and simple in 
this respect; indeed, this building 
amply proves the ingenuity which is M 
oAen exercised in Devonshire for the f 
puqiose of supplanting the ancient 
form aud ap|>carance by a novel cha- 
racter. It was one of the most ad- ■ 
mired In the county for the picturesque I 
arrangement of itt ranntituent features, 
of which the boldeiit and most promi- 
nent was the tower standing on the 
south side. Many of the churches 
are distiogaished by the position of 
their towers on the side. The Cathe- 
dral takes the lead. Its two towers 
occupy the situation, and answer the 
purpose of transepts ; and the church 
of St. Mary Ottery was built on pre- 
cisdy the same plan. 

The tower of Torrington Church 
■wtut a tall and ratlipr plain structure, 
capped with a curious old pointed roof 
or rather stunted spire of lead. The 
broad gable of the chancel, aadasmall 
side cbape). with an enriched parapet, 
completed a group of architecture, ■ 
which, witli few claims to admiration ■ 
on the score of deuil, possessed so * 
miiny on thoac of arrangement and 
clTcct, that the artist's pencil was often 



I 



38 



Church ArckUecturc in Drvonxhirtt 



[July, 



I 



cxfcrcised In its dclineatioD. Such ira* 
thetslerlor of TorrinRtoD Churcli. Its 
rijcure, its timt-wom upfct, bdiI its 
antiquity, recomiiicndctl it to the do- 
tice of every traveller sensible to good 
taste. But tlic more delicate touches 
of the picture were wanting. Battle- 
mcQls hatJ been thrown ilown, and 
windows of ample breadth shorn of 
their tracery and mullionB to sa.Te the 
ca»t and labour of repairs. The touch 
of time hod done very little injury ; 
the BAsaulti of mischief appear in 
u very direction : indeed, socomplete is 
the metamorphosis, that those who 
knew the church as 1 have described 
it, will no longer recognize it. The 
ancient tower has becD destroyed, and 
another with a spire of stone, attached 
to the west end of the building. 

The Church at Weare Gtffard, bow- 
ever, still preserves its ornaments of 
this kind. 'I'he pattern is verysingu. 
lar. U cnnaiRts of intersected pointed 
arches springing from twn mulHons 
and currcapuoding mouldings to the 
jambs of the inclosini; arch. One ob- 
ject of peculiar richness and beauty 
MS bees preserved in the cborch at 
Newton Ousbel,— the altar window, 
which must be assigned to the latter 
ead of tlie 15th century. It exhibits 
proportions of considerable elegance* 
and internal ornaments of unusual 
variety. The design of the tracer}- is 
handsome ; but the form of the tran- 
som which divide.f the height of the 
mullioos in the centre, is of an un- 
common patteru. The recess of the 
window is lined all round with oma- 
meoU) in two rows. The outer or 
priuciuol line consists of niches with 
canopies and pedestal!) ; tlic inner line 
Is composed of a hurse-bhoe, a water 
bon^t, and a ro<te in ri-gular alternale 
KKoeMioo. There are pillars or ra- 
ther mouldings with capitals on the 
aides, and grotesqae animals at the 
springing ; and the outer edge of the 
arch if enriched with a patteru of 
scroll foliage. 

Dswlish Charch has been mMlcrn' 
iied in bad taste. It was an edifice 
of coasiderabje interest, but now poa* 
■asm really nothing to challenge at' 
♦wHof , The churches in Teignmooth 
Are also specimens of the debased 
style of moiliTn srrhitecturr, so much 
admired and patronizMl ioihisconnty. 
Uwikk, as it IS called, is affeclrd every 



where, and in almost every thing, and 
the same hands which at one time are 
employed in squandering money and 
torturing matL'rialA intu tbv ugliest 
forms, &.re at another perhaps not very 
distant period, engaged in the destruc- 
tion of an ancient church, oramriod 
domestic building, thus extfrminatin^ 
tlie models of ancient architectare, 
which ought to be spared and pro- 
tected as furnishing the standard of 
the Pointed style. Mary Church ia 
full of barbarities, and houiies in the 
Gothic ftukhH arc spiinging up among 
the romantic scenery of Torquay. The 
craggy heights of this beautiful |ilac« 
arc crested with pert things assuming 
the name of castles ; and a sitaatkiB 
which would hove been adorned by m. 
temple of Grecian magnificence, ta 
disgraced by a building with sliced 
pilasters and a bell-turret. 

The sculptors of grotesques were 
neither deficient in invention nor in- 
genuity, nor select in the application 
of their favourite ornaments. Tbevery 
coarse or ven,' fanciful productiotia of 
the chisel on the exterior of Kenton 
Church have, among others, suggest- 
ed oome observations which appeared 
on this sabject in former letters. I 
shall still avoid particularizing the 
objects which supplied some of those 
rernarks. and will pass on to notice 
with more attention and more satia- 
faction, several examples selected from 
various buildings in different parts of 
the county. 

Norman sculptures are vcr%' rare. 
owing to the rarity of this style of 
archU*cture in Devonshire. The 
Church of Bishop's Teignton is, how- 
ever, an intereisting one. Its weat 
doorway furnishes some of the moat 
remarkably grotesque sculptures that 
ore any where to be met with, very 
highly wrought in a material which 
time has not perceptibly impaired. 
The fancy whicn first produced tlfcc 
beaked heads en common in Norman 
architecture, must have been niogn- 
larty gitled with the power of distor- 
tion, and the faculty of creating mon- 
sters with extraordiuary ease and dex- 
terity. These beada have tall plutn«a, 
long beaks, and capacious jawa. ■ ^ * 
are covered with omamenta 
were some of the characuH 
ricbmenta of Norman arc}) 
About four cnturits lucr 



I 

I 




I 



the K-alpturtt which attract altentioa 
in the very aiogular front of Bradley 
HaJl. The humaa form and features 
could scarcely have cntf^red the ima- 
giaattoo of the bciog who ia thii id- 
ataoce reduced hu^ blocts of stone 
into head? and limbs en eitrava^ntly 
disproportionate to each other u these, 
and so ludicrous in their anion, ex- 
pression, and position. The arch of 
the porch is upheld by two monstera 
more lllieiy to repel than enconrage 
approach to the tbrefiluiUI. 

The more beautiful doorway of 
Wcare Giffard presents fij^ures uf a 
let! repulnive form ; but these sculp- 
tures are very imperfect ; one of them 
ii distinguished by a long tail, which 
is incorporated with the tonu mould- 
ing of tne label, and the extremity, at 
an ample distance, ia marked by a tri- 
ple tuA. The exterior of this hoase 
presents an interesting variety of 
sculptures on the corbels of the win- 
dows, representing men and women, 
animals, and imaginary monsters, all 
it) good sculpture, and many of them 
in cxcellcDt taste. A corbel of one of 
the windows on the east aide, merits 
particular ooticv. It ia the host of a 
female, which, if portraiture wa» c»er 
attempted in sculptures thus applied, 
may fairly be viewed as the resem- 
blance of some distingoished person- 
age. The attitude is graceful, and the 
attire ele^nt. The hair it concealed 
by a band with a rich jewel over the 
forehead, and the folds of the coif de- 
sttnd on one side to the waist. 

Grotesqaes have not b«en exten- 
sively admitted among the sculptures 
of the Cathedral. I noticed in the 
Lady Chapel a carving of a man blow- 
ing a horn, accompanied by a dog in 
Hu most distorted punition ftcratcbing 
hU ear. An animal kimilarly engaged 
farms the corbel of a mass of su- 
perbly sculptured foliage on the north 
side of the choir. A dog scratching 
his flftr is not a scarce ornament in 
ancient architecture. Another aperi- 
meo may be seen in the roof of the 
gateway of New Collegt;. Oxford, 

I will conclude tbe«e remarks upon 
sculpture with obwrving, that a mer- 
maid holding a fish in each hand i» 
carved on lb« s«at of one of th< stalls, 
lliis also was a fiivouttte subjact, but 
auciant acalntore has not prcMnml a 
more »l"* )ccimcnof itthan that 



irbich appears in wood In tho roof of 
the north aisle of Dulverton Cliorch, 
Somersetshire. TTie mermaid holds 
her tail in one hand, and a fish in the 
other. On the aideii are two flahea, 
one in an ascending, the other in a de- 
scending position. 

The Domestic architecture of Devon- 
shire requires more attention than I 
have bten able to devote to it in this 
miacellaneous letter. It shall form 
the subject of a fatore communica- 
tion : and some ancient examples of 
cob or earth wallx will be brought into 
notice, as valuable illustrations of this 
intere.iting subject. 

An AKCHITBCTUaAL AirriQDABY. 




Great CnALritLO, Wilts. 

GREAT CbalAcId is a small parish 
in the Hundred of Bradford. Will- 
shire, situated between Melksbam 
and Bath. The manor, which had 
helnngedto Sir William Percy, was, by 
the marriage of his daughter Katherine 
with Sir Walter Tropcnell, carried into 
that family, who had other consider- 
able property in Wiltshire. Thomas 
Tropenell, their son, had livery of 
Great Chalfield from Henry- the Sixth, 
and was probably the builder of this 
handiiomc manttitm. He died in 1490« 
and by the marriage of his daughter 
and heir to Sir John Evre. the estate 
passed tn the Ryres. It was after- 
wards the property of the Duke of 
Kingston, and now of Sir Harr)* Bnr- 
rard Neale, Bart. 

There are few more interesting «x- 
amplcs of ancient manor houses. It 
was placed, together with the Churchj 
in a considerable area inclosed b)* a 
strong wall of stone, and further de- 
fended by a moat. Of these, how- 
ever, no ver^' perfect evidences remain 
except on the north side, where both 
wall and moat arc entire. Tlic wall 
i& dintinguiAhed by a scmi-circutar 
bastion near each extremity, and the 
Gateway, approached by a Bridge, ia 
at tlie itratem angle. Tt had no imme- 
diate connexion with the fore-court 
of the house, but led in a direct line 
to the Grange, and some other build- 
iniTf, which stood on the ground now 
occupied by modem bams and stables. 
The Court on this aide (tlic west), waa 
inclosed by an extensive and rather 
lo(\y Hoc of buildings, partly for wot* 
rity, and partly with a view ofacrcen- 



I 



I 



4» 



Great Chalfield Church n»d Manor-hou*f. 



[J"l>. 



ing the numcroQs nssetnbliige of in- 
ferior edificcii on the outside from the 
>iew of the Court. The i>rinci|«U 
Gateway is included in thtsc buildings. 
It exhiliits no prominent feature, and 
is without ornament. The outi-r and 
inner archwaj-K are 9 feet and a half 
wide. The depth of the buildings is 
^0 feet, and its width on the inside 
12 f. 6 in. 

The nppoiiite side of the Coart i§ 
occupied by the Church, which etaods 
in a Consecrated area of small dimen- 
bioDs, and irregular figure. This ele- 
gant little building is about 60 feet 
long and 50 wide, including an aisle 
on the South side, as broad^ but not so 
long OS the main structure. It is 
worthy to be associatf^l with a buUJ- 
iog of 8o Buperb*8 design as the huuee. 
The bell-lurrct.withiL'icrorkelted spire 
of stone, and the west dour, »htlt(?red 
by an arch with a gable springing 
from hracketa or corbels, are features 
of unusual elegance, and the interior 
is adorned by a highly oruamentwl 
stone screen between tlie body and 
chancel. 

The principal front of the House 
faces the north. The hand of inno- 
vation has not presumed to violate any 
of its essential features; but the hand 
of time is jiennitted to proceed with- 
out a helper io its gradual work of 
dilapidation. The hall appears re- 
cessed between two broad carvings, in 
one of which is the porch groined in 
atone. The termiootioua of all the 
cables are unusually bold and iotercst- 
ing. Thet consist of whole length 
figures of knights armed, and animals 
jiupporting shields of arms. The Hall 
chimney is a prominent and lofty 
feature in the centre, but the two dis- 
tinguishing ornaments of the design 
are the bow windows belonging to the 
upper apartments in the principal 
gabies. The eastern-most is of unri- 
valled elegance and beauty— it projecU 
boldly from the wall in a semicircular 
form. *nd rest* upon a pier, ftora the 
innerofwhichspringsagroioedbiackct 
There ore eigbteea coroportinenta in 
three range*; the bottom range was 
nerer perforated j it* arches arc hand- 
somely enriched, but an ornament of 
eiquistte beauty ond richness crowns 
the summit of tliia window. It is one 
of the finest specimens of the «traw- 
berr\'-leftf ornament to be found in 




ancient architecture. The wiadow on 
the corrcspoodtnG; gable on the eide dt 
the porch is angular and very hand- 
some : it frprings from a panelled 
hmclcet, and is surmounted by an em- 
battled cornice and a steep roof. The 
Hall is 40f. 6 in. long, and an f. 6 io. 
wide, and is diNiinTuiflhed by double 
bays with roofs richly groined in stonct 
The ceiling is panelled in wood ao4 
planter, nnd the wotHlcn ncrcen at the 
lower end, with its double doors, ia 
handsomely panelled. The eastern 
wing on the ground floor is divided 
into two apartments. The smaller 
which opens into the other, towards 
the north, is entered from tlie bay of 
the Hall, and is strongly groined in 
stone ; but it is a low and gloomy 
apartment, and not well lighteil ; four 
loops, three towards the north, and 
one in the cast wall, were not calcu- 
lated to render this a very agreeable 
place of retreat. 

The parlour cnntiguouH to the porch 
is a handsome room. The kitchen t» 
attached to the back or south end of 
this wiug ; it is an unornamented part 
of the building, and the plainness of 
this side of the bouee forms a striking 
contrast to the richness of the front. 
The architecture generally speaking is 
in very fine presen'ation; but the sooth 
side exhibits strong signs of injury, 
some of neglect, others of failure in 
the foandalions. 

Thepnpulationof Great Cliatfield «1 
the ccnsUA uf 1831 was only B3 soula. 
It was assessed to the Property 
Tax of 1815 at 2,931)/. The living u 
a ilischarged Rectory, valued at 6/. in 
the King's book&; the Patron is Sir 
H. B. Neale, Hart., and the present 
Rector, the Rev. Richard Warner, 
F-S.A.. the well-known author of a 
long list of works in divinity and to- 
[>ograpby. 

# 

nOMAN TSKRMX OR B&TH, DISCOTEnilb 
IN •OUTII-ST., KXBTKa, sapT. 1833. 

IN pulling down some old houses in 
South-street, near the Conduit, and 
sinking the ground deeper at the back, 
an elegant pavement adorned wttb 
crosses, araheequcs, fiahes. e*cut- 
cheons, &c. m the anneied repre> 
scntattoo. was discovered. It if, «ap. 
posed to have been that of an aikdcak 
bath. 



1 



I 
I 




Tlie !ii|uaiv Hat urnnntunlal tilea of 
tvhich it was compnscd (Fur it is now 
taken up» and tbc tiles id posscB<jioa 
of differrnt pcnptf at Exeter) arc pro- 
bably of Flemish origin, utd imported 
iwrhaps ulwut the yehr 1250, trk^n 
Ikf hath tfOM rtyairid afrtik hy the 
monks, as it adjaiiis theanclcut builtl- 
ingfl of their roUege near the Conduit. 
The Jtuf which hcatfd this huth is in 
the wall to the lefl, proceeding no 
doubt, orieinatlf, frotn a hyporauat, 
store, or furnace, outride ; and rliwe 
to it, dircctljr under Itic wall, and on 
a level with the puvemciit, was fnund 
a cnia of the Lower Empire, with the 
heail of Philip the Elder. RniUnnt, nod 
AVG. Tbewnllsare partly of llcavitrre 
rcti Atone, and |uirlly of small red 
cllokers or brick?. Ruman tftturx 
were found in great abundance on the 
same ipot, indiratiag the eiistence of 
a tes«etlalcd or chequered pavemen* ; 
aUo fragments of Roman sepulchrni 
orns of black »un-baked riny, inter- 
mixed with bonp*. cinders, and pieces 
iif reil p«it'.ery and tflos.^, but nouc In a 
lirrfrct atalv. Ud like interior of a smalt 

re.l ■ "- ■ •' - •''pot 

(un '-on 

■ ■ ■- ■ - • t.tid 

Mag. Vol. 11 



•ircmit to .-thow that a body of RHE- 
TIAN troops were nncc ([uartered at 
Excler.called RFGIM MILITES from 
the nnrienlciiy ItEGlNUM. in Lower 
Bavaria, now called RATISBON, nml 
formeilv Rc(rcnsbeiTr, iK-ing althe influi 
of the Rctim into the 1>aDubc, 

The Engntving shows pattern* ot 
nine of thetiles of the bath, which ars 
each Rve incite* stjunre; that in the 
upper anele to the loft is nne of four 
which formed a centre. The one here 
aonexcd makes ten. 




Tfces* are prol»lily alt the iwlt^ms, 
a* luany plain tilc», (clazed over with a 
preen r>r bronze colour, wvrealtcrnatolv 
used ia ihe bath. Several of earb 
pnltrni were found. The Kpcoad tile 
c.ideiUly l>««r» on armorial coat 
G 



rmoriai coat m 




QuJSSTioNBs VknusinjS. — Vindiciute LoUiana-. 



[July, 



I 



thuugh uorortanatcly it h ret'erscd in 
the engmviDg). Tlic third tile rt-prc- 
seDtathccroBHortbu Kuigbts Templars, 
or perhaps more probably the cross 
[lat^e of iIp rorlibus. Earl of Albe- 
luarle. Tbi! fourth appi-ars to be the 
Royal Coat of Scotlautl ; onleM, in- 
stead of a treasure, the lion was in- 
tended to be suirouodtHl with the bor- 
dure bezants of the Earls of Cornwall. 
T^e sixth i» evidently the spread eagle 
of Richard Earl of Cornwall. King of 
tbc Flomans. The eighth represents a 
Ji*h within the boly symbol of the 
waicn jiuris. Tile tenth appears to be 
an annorial coat of rticvroncbi, prn* 
bably Clare, and alluaive to Mai^aret 
«le Clare, wife of Kdmunit Earl of 
Cornwall 



1 



i 

I 



Qu.AaTioxEA VRNuaiN.c. No. IV. 
Fbuiiciit IjoHiamtf condudcd. 

P'ROM the natural desire to gain fur 
ray defence nf the Lollius of Horace 
(4 C. ix.) a full and fair inve^tii^ation. 
and in the feeling aUo thnt a Authcicntly 
strops; ca^e is made out in his favor tu 
justify the challenge, 1 have taken the 
liberty of calling the attention of seve- 
ral acconipliblicd scholars to those 
poiotfl stated iu QnM/ionei I'mtaiHrn. 
a. 8. in the sincere bn[>e to see and ex- 
amine whatever wa« advanced against 
that aide of the cjnestion which from 
conviction I had ao earnestly espnused. 

Let me now be allowed to exhibit 
the principal parts of fix Lelteri which 
that invitation lia.i produced, with such 
comments as may do justice to an over- 
brevity perhaps in the original article 
here referred to. 

i. " 1 can find no historical evidence 
" UD eitlicr side to which you have not 
"given its place. My "only doubt 
" would be founded on Pliny, who wa« 
" hardlycapable of writing so airrmgly 
" afEainst a man who really deserved 
" Horarc'H praiM's. And then, con- 
•' sidering ine pmfligatv nystrm of 
" ftatterj', which men of lettenthought 
** allowable, 1 hardly know how on 
" Horace's aole evidence, for rilmcr 
'* only is fftvorable in any other i|UBr- 
" ter, one can claim for t^lliun the 
" praise of integrity which is tm «bun. 
" dantly showered u|>on him." E.C.H. 

As to Pliny, there is no denying. 
dwt primd facie his story appears 
atrnngty agaio»t a&. But then, it dif- 
fefa substantially, as 1 have already 
"^ I. from the original account given 




by Velleiua Fatercalua ; oa evidence, 
except uf traditional report in the 
fa&hionable circles, it has no claim to 
be admitted : and the prevalence of that 
report aUo. bettidea that Lollia. Paul- 
lina'4 cane in itMlf was so particular, 
may on a general principle ver^' well 
be accotuLted for. 

Obtrcctatio ut livor pronis anribus 
accipiuntur, llittor. i. I. 

Any imputation uf " jtrnjiigatp Jlat. 
ttrtf" as bearing on my friend Horace 
1 Qtterly defy, ()ualiryin; however that 
deliance in the tcmm of HOBATiuti 
BESTITVTL'R, Preface <iii). — " if hia 
" words and his deeds be only traced. 
" ever so severely, in the actual auc- 
" cession of years." 

Nor can I allow, that the " giimcr 
only" of Tacitus and of Suetonius is 
favornble to my vicw^s. Both the one 
and the other of those writers, coming 
after Vclleins Palercului and Flmy, 
mention Lollias again aud again, with- 
out ever hinting a syllable of real dis- 
{nragemeiit to his character. 



ii. " I am very little competent to 
" give an opinion on the contents of 
" your paper, having neither time at 
" command nor books. But I may 
" venture to say, without looking be- 
" yooil the article itself> that you hare 
" treated the subject very ingeoi- 
" ously. and made out at the least a 
" gouti case for Lollius. 

" The testimony which to ray mind 
" weighs most agaio«it him. is that of 
" Pliny : for, unle«« it can l>e shown 
" that he had an undue bias, his wonts 
*' leave on imprctiDion, that the charmc- 
•' Icr which Lollius bore among the 
" Romans of his day, wlietlier by ira- 
" dition or on any other jurer ground*, 
" was not of the mu^t reputable de- 
" Bcr'ption. H 

" Hut, however this may be, )-CMtS 
" have adduced sufficient proof that^* 
" Frnnri)! i-i not to be trusted, and that 
*■ the prai.sc* bestowed by Horace upon , 
" Lollius may have been dejti'rveil nlj 
*' the time they were written." — H. J,1 

iii. " I haverooc carefully over yoxirl 
" poper more than once, and nm fuTlvl 
" convinced by it." — J. P. h, 

My ingenioufi and acuti 
dent if of o|iiiiK]n alio, 
might be capccially modi; 
against Tiberius. 

" From a paM'ff'' 
'• Tacitus, L. vL 1 



I 




' have been well inclined to PhraBtes ; 
' uid Ote whole buftineM in the East. 
' I am well disposed to think, was 
' managed by bim with the Parthian, 
' in order to get rid of Lollius." 

iv. " I cannot eay how much you 
' have obtifted mr by your Lotlian^ 
' I7m/iric. which appear to mc o» 
' fstisfactory as with socb clemcnta of 
' reasuaioR could be ho|)cd. aiid mure 
' Batisfactory than perUop* by any 
' other resAouer could have been ef- 
' fectwl.— F. W. 

V. " 1 boE to return you my thanks 
' for your Puper on the subject of Lol- 
' liu». Vuu have fully exposed the 
" caretc»snea». or the bad faitb, of 
" Francis ; and have. I think, vindi- 
" catedihe choractrr uf Lullius. 

" You justly obHorvc, that VcUeius i» 
" not to be trusted, where Tiberius is 
" couccmed. Thp particular which 
* vou <(U()tp frum Tacilua — CaiuM lunc 
' fortt* Ijallio nffnaif-r — cau be no im- 
" putatiou on Lullius ; because from 
" the hints in Dio, Iv, 9. we may col- 
" leot, that Caiua and Lucius were 
" not youths of very proniiaiug dinpo- 
" sitions. I suspii.*ct that it was no 
" great disadvantage to the Roman 
" world that they lioth died in rarlv 
[ *• youth."— H. F. C. 

vi. " Vou had already told mv, and 
" from hifl own uuthority, i^o much 
** more about Horace than 1 was be- 
" fort* aware of, that 1 read with ^rvat 
*' eagerness your vindication of his 
•• friend Lollius. iu default of direct 
•' evidence, you certainly hove done 
" yourutmost,andlthiok with success, 
•' to invalidate the positive testimony 
*' against htm. '^^atever be ooe's 
*' judgment ujion the factj, it ia at least 
•' refreshing to sec so much learning 
** employed for so good-natured a pur- 
" pose» aa vindicating the character of 
" a Port's friend."— V. H. 

Such is my case; and it is now 
finally submitted to the judfrment of 
schnlara, Hiwttn-ic douhtg, at the lowest 
CKtimate, I have oirtainly raised ; and 
to ray view they hhII hold the same 
form and mafinitude, m wbru first 
called from the deep, in which they 
hod lain quiet so long. 

lUhJum. UoEATT* lUaTiTvroH. 






If 



information worth a place in your 
pages, it is quite at your service. 

In Dodsley's collection of Old Plays 
there ia printed from MS. Harl. 2251, 
a short poem nf Lydgate's, entitled, 
" Of Bycomc and Chichcvache," 
whose principal value is that it illus- 
trates a passage in the Canterbury 
Talcs nf Chaucer. Bycomc and Chi- 
cbuvacbe arc two animals, one of which 
is represented as only living upon good 
wives, the other upon good and patient 
husbandsi and the humour of the poem 
consihtji in making the latter fat and 
the former lean, insinuating thereby 
that the world is much more plentiful 
in good husbands than in good wives. 
This piece of Lydgaie's was given 
among the old playn, on the aup|Kwi- 
tion that it was a spi^cimen of the rudest 
species of dramatical exhibitions, and 
Tyrwhit, on C'ant. T. v. 90C4. calls it 
*' a kind of pageant," and thinka " it 
is not joiprobablc that Lydgate trans- 
lated the ballad now extant from some 
older French poem, to which Chaucer 
alludcft." Ritson, ou the other hand, 
di'tiit^d that there was any thing dra- 
matic about Lydgate's poem ; and the 
following note which I have met with 
iu an old MS. will prove that in this 
insukuce ililson was right. There arc 
two or three voluabic MS. volumes of 
Lydgate's poems, preserved in the 
Library ofTrinily College, Cambridge; 
in two of which are fouud copies uf the 
poem of Bycoroe and Chichcvache, and 
in one of them, to every poem in the 
volume is prefi:ted a brief introduction, 
generally setting forth its author, and 
sometimes also the purpose for which 
it was written. To the |)ocm to which 
) have tieen alluding, lhi» is the intro- 
duction — " Loo. sirs, the denize of a 
iieyntcd or dcsteynetl clothe for an 
nalle, a parlour, or achaumbrc, deuy- 
scd byJohan Lidegate, at the request of 
a worthy citesyn of London." (MSS. 
Tr'in. Call. Cant. H. 3. 20. temp. Hen. 
V.) Any one of your readers, Mr. 
Urban, who raayl>c desirous of acemg 
the design of such a " peyntcd or des- 
teyned clothe," will find a fair sprci. 
men iu a large wood-cut, covering a 
foliu broadside, printed, if 1 remember 
rif>ht, in the rvign of Elizabeth, and 
prc^er\'ed among the volumes of pro- 
cl.-ktimtians in the Library of the Society 
of Auliquarlfs. It h entitled, " Fill- 
):u!, uud Pinch-bclly : one being fat 
\s,\U i;itiiig |rood men, the other leauv 



I 
I 




44 [Joif, 

POEMS. 

BY THE RRT, JOHN HITFORD. 

1. 

INSCRIPTION INTENDED FOR THE TERRACE IN RICHMOND PARK. 

CaU on the Genius who abides nnaeen 
Amid these sylTan Bolitndes, by marge 
Of mossy foont, or haply now reclined 
Where yon dark tuft of Cedars o'er the vale 
Flings its immortal umbrage ; — he shall tell 
For thee each timid Nuad to nnlock 
Her silver springs, and he shall bid the son. 
The golden sun, and vernal shower to light 
The wood's resplendent foliage. Thames for thee 
Shall mirror in his bright transparent wave 
Each fair-reflected image ; to thine eye. 
Seen 'mid the twilight shadows, he will point 
Where in her grot the tender Mose still mourns 
Her tuneful Poet, and the silent harp 
Hung on those pensive willows ; while beside. 
In yon dim cave, 'mid scenes he lov'd so wetl. 
Meek Nature's child, the gentle Druid sleeps. 
II. 

eONNXT, ON SEEING THE VENERABLE OAK IN WINDSOR FOREST. 

{Inscrihed to Edward Jeue, Esq.) 
How many an awful thought is link'd to thee, 

Of time, and change perpetual, and decay j 

And swift and counties moments fled away 
Into the depth of nges, — sacred tree! 
What generations of mortality 

Have pass'd from earth, since first thy leafy spray 

Was hung with garlands of the flowery May ; 
And by thy shade, in unyok'd liberty, 

The wild bull spum'd the turf with angry horn. 

Filling the vale with thunder, — ere was borne 
To these lone shores, Saxon, or fiery Dane, 
Or Norman banner stream 'd above the plain. 

Sunlike, from yon dark fortress — while the mom 
AVoke to the trumpet's valour- breathing stnun. 
III. 

sonnet to anna 

The princely falcon most delights to soar. 

Opening his pinions to the golden sun ; 

The russet lark hath gentle praises won 
From ancient poets, for that she, before 
Aurora spreads her silver mantle hoar 

O'er field and forest, hath her song begun } 

The wingless ostrich doth in desarts run 
With speed unslacken'd as the wind } from shore 

To shore the swallow-tribes in joyaonce roam; 
Each hath its liberty of wood, or field ; 
Green hedge, and mouy bank, and thicket, yield 

Safe harbourage, a little sylvan dome ; 

Yet is the linnet hwpy in his I 
Whom this smsll cage mm waolw 



IV. 

RONNET WKITTEN AT WELWVN^ IK TUK UARUBN' OF DR. VOt'ND,OCT. ISXi. 

Moam not a leaf that strews tbe lindpn siiarfe 

Of Wclwyn'a fade'1 l>ower ; niiti if iLc year 

Hatli tniicti'il tier sunny foiingc with tlie sere 
And yellow look of Autumn, it hath laid 
A fitlicr reiiidencc for her, the mnid 

Divine Urania. 80 let notiglit apfiear 

Of the world's transitory' glories near 
'Hiis coniiccmted roof; ttor thoa upbraid, 

With thoughth-ss speech. Time's miiiijtters witti wrong 
Dnnc tfl the Nluse's dwelling— not a thing 

But blooms immortal here ; to all lielung 
Perennial verdure, and an endless spring, 

Breathed by the pool's pure eclestial song, 
In auiarantliiiic beauty glittering. 



WHlT-fEN Arr^ft HEARIKO TUK eUORAL UUSIC ANU l-i*ltUNATIOH ANTHBM 

IN WKSTUINbTER ADHEV, JtNB 24, It<3-1. 

BY TIIK SeV- W. I.. BOWLES. 

Jt ifl full fifty years since I heard last, 
Hani>ki., thy solemn and di\ineat strain, 
Uoll through the lung UHve uf this pillar'd Fnne, 

Now seeming as if scarce a year had piMs'd : — 

And there Hr sat, who tlit-n wore t^ngUuid s ('rown, 
The pious Father — for (he soul of Pryune * 
Had not rcviv'd, to judge these secnes a sin — 

Hk who has long to silent dii^t gniie dowoj 
A man of sornnrs, though a Ktug. 

And there, 
In graceful youth, stood the satne Kingdom's I^eir, 
He also to llie Dust giMic down — and now— 
The Diadem H))itw*« n)H>n His living brow 



Who then was jurt of that fair prt^eny, 
On which a Mother gas'd, and with a 



sigh Y 



Bless'd as she gaz'd, as some sad melody 

Stole to hiT heart, and AM'd her eyes witli tears. 

When I took track on the departed yearSy 
And many silent suninirrs pass'd awny, 

Since youth, tieneath tlie jm-und moniiug son. 

Panted, with ardent ho|»e, his race to rnu— 
Ah '. not unmindful that I now am grey. 
And my dap almost clos'd,— in this eumcFane, 
I hear thuM: Hallelujahs peal again. 

Peal and expire, and while u|)on my car. 

Tlie mighty voice swells, jubilant and clear, 
I muse nmid the holy hann«ny 
Ou tbongliti) of other \Torlds, an<l sotigs which never die. 



* 1>»Taiief the Paritaa, who wrote foUos sKiiait Pnrfuc Antbcns and Cathedral 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



7>i* (iatl, or Cytabri ; or en Inquiry in. 
lo the Origin and Hutury of the Irirk, 
Scoti, Sritotu, and (lovh : and of iht 
Caitdomiana, Picin, W^hh. Varniah, 
and HrituHM. Bi/ Sir Wm. Hrtham, 
cuter King ttf Amu, Sfc. Sfc. — 8vo. 
p. 443. 

THIS is ade«p and learned inquiry, 
condut-tfd u[K>n the uofrriiig principle 
of logical deduction from existing evi- 
dence. 

llie author's investigation fir<t teoda 
to establish the Tart, that the Celtae, 
Gael, or Gaols, of Co^ar'a day, and the 
Scoti* or Irish Britnus. were branches 
of the tame people, and that thev all 
derived their origin from the PbteDi- 
ciana. 

Carthage was founded, according to 
the tradition of antiijuity, adopted by 
Ihc poets, by that people. The old 
Roman Comedian Plautus has left us 
a play, his Po^nulus or Carthaginian. 
taken from a Greek drama called 
Kdp;)f<8MMa;,theKampMppcllntion. The 
plot, that a Carthaginian youth was 
stolen by pirates, and carried into Kto- 
lia, and that the two daughters of 
ilanno, a noble Carthaginian, had also 
been taken from him in the same way. 
that he rc)mired to Greece in search 
of them, ftcc, need not be more parti- 
cularly described. In the course of this 
composition. Ilanno is frequently made 
(like Catherine of Kraace, io Shaks- 

E care's Henry the Fifth) to speak io 
is own language. 1'his language was 
of course the Punic ; and singular 
aod cooctusive is the fact, that the 
speeches are almost word fur word 
Gaelic or Irish. A short example or 
two will suffice : 

" Ilanno. tatth ta chinnim timini- 
ehot — (the Huae in Iri>h> Luuch Ic chrao> 
DOfhiin Worn niit>cbt, J. r. at anr price 
woald I pnrcliu« mr childrco. Hsann. 
Palumrrff«tiiftMa.— (lm\i. Ballon csr^t 
flMcta.). I will lahmitto the iliotAtM uf 
Heaven. Ilanno. — Van t-M Bataommi 
sr a tan. (Irisb. — fioita btl Hal-»uDen 
ar a aan).— O that the good Bftlt-umhau 
iiHijr favoor them." 

* Seuitv IK alftrmrd to he the derivalara 
Af this term, whirh in Irtihmrsfi* « nhip, 
■lao a wUMlrrer by «ea as weU u I7 Uad. 

t Bcal, Uaal. the ino. 



< 



I 

I 




The author hiu made very effectivi 
use of lliv above eircum<sLBnce in the 
course of hi^ proofs, identifying the 
Gael with the Pbccoiciaiu. See psgc 
113 et seq. 

That the Carthaginians were of 
PhtunirioD origin, the following paaaage 
of Ueiodotus appears conctuatvely to 
show : 

" Cunbyitr?, Kin; of Persia, com- 
maadt'd bi« fleet to attack Cartha^ ; but 
the PbfEnicianR refused to obey him, be> 
canM tliej wvre attsrbed to the C«rtha. ^H 
gtnisnsbyllieirrmtliK.nnd the <truBgeat of l^| 
lies, snd eomtidcred that, if lh«y were ^^ 
to fiahx axainat tbrir awn cbiliirm, they 
would violate the riglila of bluod and rc- 
ltgtan."2 

'llie same author shows that the 
Pha;nicians had so far advanced in the 
science of navigation, 6OO years before 
the Christian era, as to sail round 
Africa, or double the Promoutory 
which. 2000 years after, received from 
the Portuguese tlie name of the Cape 
of Good Hope; and when an exploit 
like this is taken into cons idc ration, 
we shall cease to drtnlit that they cottld 
reach and colonise the British Islanda 
— a voyage pot half so dithcult or du- 
gerou4 (vide p. 48). 

The gods of the Phcenictans. and the 
gods of the Gael or Celtje, were the 
same; and their names and attributea 
explicable by Irish etymons; Baal, 
called at)io (irian, Apollo ; the secxHid 
appellation corresponding with thw 
Greek 'Ait«^«(to^E or long-haired, ei- 
pressive of the sun's rays. The Ro- 
mans rollowed the Celtic term, and 
erected altars to Apollo GraDnui.£ 
Taramis or Taran, the God of thunder, 
the king of Gods, called also MolocU 
by the Phwnirians. and by the Irish 
Moll. i. e, lire. The Phu-nicions 
forced their children to pass through 
fire. To him human sacrifices were 
offered. Tentates, the Mercuriua Teo- 
tates of Livy. in Irish Dia-fult. the Gad 
of trade. Hisus, Phceairf et C'vttic^ 
HiszMM. the God of war : he waa coUrd 
■lao Camolns— a Ion), a guvernor : 

the CincUf C„tn <• fni^hty, •• 

11 
I Ltf'ij^ner, m i^AeU" 



Cafnalodunum tni plies Utcrefore the 
HUl of Mara. 

On the well or fountain worship of 
the Gaol, the autlmr's iiutice« arc re- 
plete with amuscmcut and iufurmatiou. 
They wcn> greatly uildictctl to this 
kind of superatitioQ, which kUII lingers 
among them to tht» very hour, under 
the form of springa consecrated to the 
Virgin or ccriaia saintti. They hod a 
deity caJlct) Dirona or the river god. 

Ditoaa Cellaiuin lin|ua font ariditc Divii. 

AlHOHUH. 

*' Din, God, Aban, river — proDonnced 
DivAuti, or the river god."— p. 234. 

Tlie God uf the Avuu will atfurd a 
familiar c^iilauaiioa at once of the 
term. A History of St. ratrick ftp- 
I>eDded to B MS. of the New Testa- 
ment of the 7th century, called the 
Book of Annagh» hu the foUowiiig 
passage : 

" St. Patrick canir to FhetmeisfrxihlcU 
it culled Slauc, bviflUM* It wa> jiilitnstcd 
tn liim that the iuaj|[i honoured thU foun- 
Uin, ind made di>Dati<ia8 to it u gilt* to 
a god ; for tltcy Mcritited a'ttt^ to the 
foantain, and wor>lii|>p«.-d It like a gud. 
The Rev. Charlft> O'l uunor. iu hii third 
letter of CoIuhiImiuiu. dcfcrlbcs this well- 
worship amnag tlifl lh.-li, and kajc, tlwt 
lie jtmaed a rtry old man to state what 
■dranta^ he ex)x^ti.'d from the ^iogulnr 
euntuiu of frrfiwentiuff sw\i wrlU as were 
contiKUoua to an old ttlii*tpd oak, nr an 
aprigfat unhewn atitttt;; and what the 
WMohif waH at the ycl more singular 
ovstom of sticking ni]ji> on the brancfaet 
hOf rooh trrvx and Bpittiuf Ujwn them. 
[ ilia answer, and the anKwer of the uldMt 
[ men was, that their anceatnn alwajH did 
EH: tlwt it was a presenratlTe against 
[ft*jni draiodecMt, the oorcerieA of druids ; 
I tliat ihcir fftlllc were preserved hy it from 
I lafeirtioun dicordcrs ; that d«ttiHi n*ait/>e, 
I 1. t. the fairies, were kr]>t lu fi^jod hu- 
) mottr hy it ; and m> thoruughlY wore they 
I convinnpid of the nauftity of these I'ufiiBa 
• praeltees, that tlie> would Um\v\ hare- 
. headed and Imre- footed from ten Ut 
I twfrtty milr^ Ciir the iiuri»<»ie of rmwling 
, on their knee* round theiw WrIU, and 
U|irttht btoaes and oak trm, westward. 
OH tn^ iiiin iraveb. tome three times, 
niiiv, and en> 'jii iu uue«en 
>i-ir luluutnr; iirnntieej 
'■■"-' ■'!■- -■•— of 



ould allow U.H 
9 moftt 




interesting dcwcriptiun of the well- 
worship on the Irish sceligi or sacred 
promontories. Many of thcw places in 
theprimitiveages.celebnited fur human 
aacrificvk and uther druiU rite», have, 
under the Christian era, been dedicated 
to St. Michael. The account of St. 
Michael's well, near Batlynaeccltig, on 
the cooat of Kerry, and of the lar^st 
of the 8celi|; Ulanda, off tliat coast, 
which Sir William quotes from Smith's 
Kerry, p. 103, 113^ affords most strik- 
ing and iutere&ting information on 
thcaefiaperstitions. Of the pilgrimage 
to the f^nc an doera, the stnnc of pain, 
v.*e must give some brief idea. 

" The druidie pilj^iu having made hin 
votive niTerinp at the Marred well, pro- 
cents to adore the sarred stoue, at the 
summit of the ntoet lofty pfecipicc in the 
Uland. At the height of !.>() feet above 
ibo level of the sea, he eijueeced through 
a hollow choxm rrseinhhni; the funnel of 
a chimney, iiuuird Ihe Needle' r< Eye, an 
aaeeut cxlreniely diflimlt even to persons 
who pmrrttd barefiwt, thou)^ there are 
hfiW rut in the rnek for the puntoie of 
faeiUtatinjt the attempt. When this ub- 
stacle u surmounted, a new one oecura — 
for itic uuly track to the kumuit is by a 
horizoutal Oat. not abore a yard wide, 
wliieh projcfta over thcsca." 

This is the Lene oh docra, the atone 
of pain. The difficulty of clinging to 
this atone in calm weather ia describei) 
06 great, hut when there is wind, as 
there generally ia. it is still greater ; yet 
two more stations of ti-emendous dan- 
ger await the pilgrim — the eagle's 
ncHt, where the monks of St. Micliael 
substituted a stone cross for the un- 
hewn druid idol ur altar j bot the 
most dangerous point that druid super- 
stition ever snggcstcd, yet remains to 
be sunnounted. 

" It canviHti of a narrow ledge of rock, 
which |)rDJecta from the |iiatiaole alruady 
mt-ntioiieJ, vo as to form with it the 
(igare of an inverted letter L, projecting 
(rora the very ape* of the pinnacle several 
leet. inelf not being above two fprt brond : 
lhi» lcdi:c projects no far a» to enable him 
who wuuld venture ou it (o sen: the bil- 
lows at the dtiitaner of -llM feet in iicr- 
pendiculor height ; and the sea here ik 90 
fret deep, wi that the Urgml man of war 
may ride tn safety at anchor underneath ; 
ami yet to this extreme end the pilpHm 
priM-t'ciIrd axlride Upon ihin ledge, until, 
f|iii(i< ul iis utmoil verp:, he ki».>ed a 
.ru-, which tome h<ihl adventurer daivd 
(<> I'lil tDtu it as an antidote m the »U|>er- 
(tiliouvpraeticrt of pagan limes I" p. •iha. 



1 



4R 



RtsviEW. — Bcihatn's Gaet, or Vymhri. 




So much for Spflig worfhip ; rikI the 
same authority odd* : — 

*• Every promoulorjr named ScylU or 
ScrUeua], in Gree^re and Italy, in (lie 
Ontisli n&d the Iruh. &c. in di»ttli- 
^aiehed br temples, retigioiu trsditiuiu, 
|irinurval religioiu oames, tni) Mcrcd 
ruuotuna of the remotnt uitiijuJty/' 

The next hesd of disaertalion to 
which the aatUur pa»ace, U the iui- 
[Mjrtaiit proof, in some degree rovo- 
lutionary of rcceitcd ideas, Umt the 
Gaef and Cymhri were adistiuct people, 
in other words, tliat fAe Wtiah v^tre 
not CtUa. 

The following is the pedigrc« of the 
Cymrv. with which this propositJoo 
»eti out. From the Cimbri of Jutland, 
the Cirnhric CheraoneAUs, came the 
Cimbri who invaded Gaul, and were 
destroyed by Martus, a. u. c. 103; and 
the Caledonian (.-yoibri. whn first pen- 
pled the Hriliah islands, afLurwnrdii 
railed Picta, from thc^> came tl<e 
Welah (Cynary*), the Cornish, and 
Armorican Britond. 

" Tbe WcUh rail thcmseirea Cymbri. 
u a nxiiie attadird to lUt'ir detcrut, out 
to tUr nantrjf tlii-y iiitiiUiit. and the 
generic dMiutninatiDnnftbrirrart;. Cuiii- 
bcrland. one of their tirrt cmnijurdlp rrnm 
the Rootao province, after pwsiDtr ibe 
\V«]I. wai su called l>y the Siurtiiii as tlie 
(sad o/ tbe Cymbri, the WeUli y havlnj; 
the name power* as the BnKli-*b h in 
Cumbrflmud. Tlie j'crfcL'l itlrntity i>f llio 
namt: wiili that of the Cyiubri of llic 
Komiin writiTit, in^llrfttei at leant the prn- 
bahiliry tlinl they were the aacntorit uf 
the Cymhry."— p. -iMt. 

One important fact which cannot 
hetoomuclt, wc conceive, insisted upon 
to »h«w the nonidentity of the Cymry 
with the Gael, ix the allrgi*fl radical 
difTerencc hetwei>a the Irihh and the 
Wclfth lanpuaKea. At the time uf the 
Roman invoyiun, three distinct nations 
were establiabed in Britain. 

" the Gtel, the Cymliri, and the Bel- 
m; the former were thow; who tnbabitrd 
urilain, and foucht with Ca»ar ; the 
■eeoad were the C«lril<inlnn*, fuund in 
Niirth Britain by A^tii'ola ; nnil the thin) 
were the |>cH>p|r from Bdi^ic Gaul, who 
had funucd trifling <u-ttliunenta od tbe 

* Clinhri or Cimber is n'M'ilta>ilr intii 
a <i»Tni*n word, which tiemlir* warrinr, 
urwaHikr. A'n«/j/rf. AV,, 'rr.tt 

liomftrr. Sbrrhitliam ■ i »ivc 

i/te, et AViwyi'-r, Dull 1b :_ ^-^uium 

{•roprie ntvalaui notai.' Sea p«(e 

*UlJ Butt'. C 






couts, but were ndther niuMrotu 
powerful."— p. 398. 

Tlie Caledonians may be considered 
as the aborif^nal inhabitants of the 
British islands; they were displac«d 
from much of their territory by the 
Phoenician Gaelic colonists, and these 
called thrin lirit.daoine, L c. the 
painted people. Thry were, from the 
same custom, in a^ertimefi by tbe 
Uouiaiia called Pict!i. Bede says, in 
his l-xcle?tiaatical History, that they 
came from Scythia into Caledonia ; they 
wen? that people, in short, who, on, 
the retiring of the Roman legions fruoi 
Britain, so annoyed the Homano-Drt' 
tons, that they were fain to call 
foreign aid, that of tlie Saxous, againsc' 
them ; they were tbe warlike natioD*; 
who had the renowned Arthtir fi 
their chief, whose name is e4{ually 
be found attached to places ia t) 
North as in Wales ; they posaeaaed 
themtelvea uf, rather than were UrJvea 
into Wales and Cornwall, both of 
which had b«en under Hoinan do- 
mination, and Qccnnied by the 
roanized Britons. In Wales,' tbe ti< 
of places nre principally Irish ; in th* 
country of the Ficta lliey are princi- 
pally Wclflb. Bcde declares, that 
languages of tbe Britons and the Pici 
were difTiTent. Uede speaks of tbiK 
Gaelic BriluuH under the first titli^ 
and on his authority the Picta are be- 
lieved to lie a ditferent race from th* 
Celtic or GauU, who poaaeaa*d tht 
southern parts of Britain. Tlie author 
of the introduction to ForUun'a Chro- 
nicle, says, 

" Eijuidem Pirtnnim gloria baud pam 
futt multa que llll egregi* pnlrAi-uut nim 
S<Mti*; per plura «e«-uU amicJMim^ ?ii«t. 
nirit, ct junelbi vtribus hastes qun-i-'unqnci 
■ive RoDianot, nl«« Britoaes, tcI pruin " 
•are Tel eUaai iavadore beiu|>ce 
er«nt,"t 

Merc the distinction between the 
Gaul or Scuites, the Pba-niciao pe». 
pic, is marked, and also lietwe«n tho 
Pict*. the Ruinans. and tbe Ramoao. 
Uritous, or Komauiteil CelfK. Tba 
Pictfc were Anally extirpated and et- 
pidird from Scotland in the ninth eei 
turr, according to Forduo, by Kei 
neth M'AIpin, 

Pnmiuln AllMiniarerlurrvfnUtsaKeBi 
Filiu« Aiv - - 'i MmUtffl garsBg 
Lxpul»i> ' ; 

t Introdoet. sd ■ 
*ol 1. p. 1 J. 5 




1894.] 



Review. — Europe dnrhg the Middle Ages. 



And a little before, the nunc author 
oiludn to the tradition which usie;o- 
ed to the Scuta* an l^g\'ptiaQ origin, 
frtiui Gaithelu!) and hifl wife Scuta, 
which was not without foundation, as 
far as proximitv of iuiercoarse t>e- 
twern tho Phtvnictans aud that people 
connectwi them. 

The autbnr, in assigning to the 
Cymri or Welsh their alleged true po- 
sition in history, and we are fully ois- 
posed to concar in the force of liis 
proofs, consoles them in elegant lan- 
gua^ for the io&s of ancient claims 
which they might conceive they sus- 
tained hy being matlu a colony of 
Picls conquering Wale* after the with- 
drawal of the Roman legions from 
Britain. He recalls to their memory 
their aboriginal pretensions, and tells 
them, that though at an early i>eriod 
they might have been driven north- 
ward by the incroding Phoenician 
Gael.t who in their turn were sub- 
dued and amalgamated with the con- 
ijucring Romans, " nheu the time of 
retribution arrived, their descendants 
rashed on the Roman province, ex- 
tended the bounds of Pictavia beyond 
tlic Wail, reconquered a part of their 
ancient possessions, Cumberland, the 
northern part uf England, the lieauti- 
ful and romantic Cambria and Corn- 
wall, and even secured a part of the 
province of Gaul, which their descend- 
ants have kept to this day from them, 
called Britanny.*' 

We have never risen from any vo- 
lame on the subject of the ancient 
Irish with lialf the delight and iufor- 
matioD which tliit of Sir WiUitra 



* Hie capital of Seotlond, it U remark- 
ed, has a Pirtish or Wdsh name. Efleo 
■inttM in Welsh a tting. Ptolemy calLt 
Eiialnigli nn^nr^ ^r^rsnio*, Alata 
Caitnu There arc n1lIn«^roos other io- 
ttaaoea of Welab derivations in the names 
of Soottbh plues. 

t TheWelab railed theGaol.Gwyddel; 
and diia bdps the aittfaor to a very plsu- 
oible eCTmcuDn far iba madi-dispQted 
derivstitHi of taa aanta applied to that 
celebrated socient wiy, the Walling- 
strert ; not, be says, accordi&j; to Wlii- 
talicr, the Guethehn^ street, or way 
that led to the Gstbeli or GaethcU uf 
Ireland, bat the Gtrydheil ttrtel, the 
-t lude by the Cioel. 
NT. Mae. Vol. II. 




Iletham has afforded us. He bas 
proved bis [lositiuD that the Irish 
were a part of the great colonists 
uf S|>aiu, Gaul, and Britain, the Phie- 
nician Gael. He has established to a 
degree of the strongest prc&umpUon, 
that the Cymry or WeUh were qaite 
a distinct people, and has thua by la- 
borious production of evidence, colla- 
tion of ancient and modern authort- 
ties.ond by judicious infcrcocca, exhi- 
bited a light on a dark period uf his- 
tory which gratuitous i^peculatoni had 
thrown into a confu&ioo of chaotic 
obscurity, and ofleo it may be added 
absurdity. 

This volume will godown thestmm 
of time an useful and instructive ma- 
nual for the student in that portion of 
the history of the Britiiih dominions, 
of which the lone unhewu pillar, the 
massy air-poised cromlech, the golden 
torques, the tomahawk-like celt, and 
the brazen target, are the only tangi- 
ble remaining teetimonies. 



Earopr during Ike Mtddif Age», 
(Ijirdner's Cifchpedia.) 2 vols. 

A WORK of great research, con- 
siderable ability, with an excellent and 
judicious selection of liubjeets ; and a 
narrative written in a style forcible and 
elegant. There is in it various leam- 
tog without ostentation, and judicious 
criticism witliout undue severity. The 
biographical sketches of the founders 
of religious societies, or of philosophi- 
cal schools, are exceedingly well exe- 
cuted i and in no instance do we think 
the writer partial or unjust, except in 
reipect to the Prot^ttant Churek of 
EngUmd : in his prognostications of 
her speedy decay and downfall, we do 
not agree i but consider, that with cer- 
tain improvements in her system, not 
difficidt to introduce, she would be the 
purest, soundest, and most apostolic 
church in the Christian world. Many 
of these improvements are totally be- 
yond her own power to introduce ; aud 
can only be carried into effect by those 
who acknowledge her value, and wish 
to perpetuate her n)*Btera. When slui 
fails, it 18 generally from the weak* 
ness of her means, and the interrup- 
tion introduced in consequence uf 
some violence and spoliation : of thia 
the nation, not the church — the spq* 



I 



I 



U 



A 



50 



Rktikw. — Eurofte dur'mg the Middle Ages. 



[July, 



liators, not those who nulTer fur tbc 
robbery — mu&t bc&r tbe blame. 

We will extract, a* a specimen of 
hU etylc, tbc author's summary of 
the character of Charlemsgne. vol. II. 
p. 33: 

" Chsriemscne, or Charlet Ui« Great, 
though not tbe wiftrst or the must learn- 
ed, wai beyond doubc the motx spleodjd 
priaee of Uu middle afes. Thoogh his 
conqiMfsts alone have conferred immor* 
tatity on hi* name, he wns not without 
clavated qtulitic». Hia rlrmeucy was ex- 
traordinary ; for. if he wu (rnicl with the 
SazOM, we mast rcmcniber that he had 
received iDce«sa&t provocation* from 
them : — that Ihey were uniformly apo*. 
tate to the religion which they <xiDiu>Dte<l 
to embrace, arnJ faithless to their engagc- 
menta. Tliia iDdccd U a poor apol^ry 
for hii MTvcriCiL's ; but it may show that 
they wvre not wholly uopruTolceO. In fact, 
his history, had we liniita to detail it, 

Srove«, in regard to the worrt criminalii, 
lat he generally commuted death into 
aeehlsioD within the walb of a mnnaatery. 
Hb lore of Irttvrs vtll appear from the 
princdy rewards wbicli he bestowed on 
thoM who cultivated them ; not on 
Pranlta only, or indeed chiefly, bat oo 
Italians, Enj;U>h, and Spaniardn. Over 
the schools ami sionastories which be 
had founded or cnlareed, he placed the 
beat scholars of hit a);e, and he was ofken 
preteat to reward tbe ^ucces«fal stodeDt. 
He u kaowB to have reproved with some 
severity the eerie itiaatica, who, whether 
terular or monastic, cipreiM^d Ibemsalvcs 
with negligence. He thought ignorance 
dJagraoefQl in a Uyman, ia a chorcfaman 
intolerable. He cattwd maBBfcripti to 
be greatly malHplied ; in (act. a good and 
llborioas penman wax sure to be rewanl- 
•d by him. It in some gratifteation to 
Bod that his most intimate friend, and 
the moat learned oua of his af^e, one who 
gave an impress to him and his people, 
was our eonntrjfman Alcnin. Of his rv- 
ligiouK zeal, his numrroua foundations, 
as well of bishoprii's mm of monasteries, 
bear wltneu. He wa* Hfmpulowi too in 
his observance of the ri^hl» of the rhurrh. 
He fhsied and prayed with grrat since- 
rity ; but though he was free from many 
vices, he was subject to one. — that of f'a- 
eoR/MMiee. He divorced his wives, and 
efaoac one mistrrvi after another, with a* 
Uttlc hesitsiiim a« the worst of bis Mero< 
viogian prT<deci«w<iri. On the whole, 
however, though he hAd little cJaim to 
the honour of mnnniution, he was one 
of the best princew of the middle af«s. 
Comprehefluvr to his views, penerrring 
Id his designs, indeflittK*bfe in his duties. 



auxioua for the welfare of his people, sin- 
cere in hii character, joet in hhi dedaloaa, 
paternal in all his actions, hU memory 
may well be dear to Prance. To hSm, 
religion, Uteranve, and good goremmoit 
were more indebted thau all the prlBoca 
of tiat nation who preceded or foUowcd 
him. His name wilh repeated with equal 
rerereOce by the Anilt of the DeMR and 
the Norman pirate uf the deep. Tbf 
Kings of his time, from the Csliphs of 
Bagdad to the AnglO'Saxon Kcguli, and 
from tbe Sovcrei^s of Cordova to tbote 
of Scvidinavia, were eager to obtain his 
notice, to be hooourrd by hi» friend- 
ship ind alliance. He wu singularly mt- 
fortunate in bis sueceHon." 

We cannot close tbe volume with- 
out extracting the substance of a not? 
from page 86, which will undoubtedly 
give great satisfaction tu Mr. Pctrie. 
Sir H. Nicolax, Mr. Shorpp, and 
other of our aDttquariau illuminati; 
and wc shall leave them to ruminatc 
ovcr it, and digest it at leisure. 

"Such rollectionM (as Buchoo's Chro* 
niqars Katinnales, -t vol*, and the Me. 
moires relat^fs A THistoire de Prance, by 
Petitot and Momerqo^,} do as much hn. 
noor to Praoce aa they ought to shasMr 
England. We have indeed been if#eert«rf 
/or a that by the promise of the Scrip* 
tores Rcrum Ajigliauarum/rom fAe Nr, 
eoprf Commuaou, hut we Hhall never see 
each a collcrlton, untras, what is not very 
probable, aomepriruirmilirninsi titte^lM 
tkat vAicA offictalli/ appuiitttti Htrm arv 
ai once tOB mnmprtfnt an4 loo indiffrrr^t 
to p t rfi trm* Every thici; in thiti cnuuiry, 
from tbe nomination of a prime uiioiaicr , 
to tlut of a parish beadle, is under tl^l 
asme inAuenn: of corruption, and lu iitn«i 
rases out of ten tbe iwmtnee i< uurf lusl (a 
Me tOMk. Let ui hope that thi* oatio* 
nay soon open its eyes to its dishonour, 
and leave neither to Kinp, nor the miai»- 
ters of KioK*. either its literary or its 
cleaiasticol interests." 



ClM«r. 



By Mrs. Leman GrimatoaSi 
2 voU. 

Mr9. Lbman GatMBTOMK 18 uk mm- 
fnl mmRN, and such aa ought to have 
n Arrn fur her hoabotid. We miiat 
give some of her tremendoas deiaaiidt 
on domestic life. 

** He that would hare i bom», «*f « 
Aarem, — a home where hi* heart srwr ratf 
in rich security, to which in 
finiiity. disap}" -.nA d' 

may come, an^ the 

frail hanging n. ^..,^., •- 
brfaig to that home a bds 



I 




■ioai*i 



J%BT1BW.' 



■(/•cvnr j vg i 



WTW* UlUHVOfUB. 






m{^, tnttUiftHt at blmaelf, wba will reci- 
procate hi* tipelJB^, nuijiuin bu envrgit*, 
(wcaoM sbR ba« feelings as fine and enisr- 
gfe» w Doble ao hifl own, — wbo will con- 
Oede to love, not I'roudi to lair, — wlio 
can a?ow hia affection witli n^nipathf, 
out lubaemeacy, and wbo will resent 
md resist tre&cbery and tyranny." 

" Philosopbcrs paralyie people witb 
I, regulatiuas. meana, and measures, 
■ad tame life down until it bccotaea a 
sort of univertal tawny i but all that ia 
briglit or Qoblc in buoian natnrr. whether 
nwie or female, mixes up witli rtaaoa, 
fWMiona. and feelings ; and theae will 
never be c|nitc to obedient to mathenad- 
ral arrangement aa bricks and bcaina." 

Cleane, from wboai the novel is 
nuned, is a gcouine heroine ; and 
" wheD her hair is enkiAdled," which 
it is after caotllea an* bruught in, and 
her spirit up. ahe it not to be trifled 
witb. 

Aa her father is in gad, and her 
lover consequently cannot extract from 
her any thing about hJm, he venturea 
timidly to aay, " I cannot imagine 
yoa unworthily allied." Up starts 
the Amazon, "Unworthily allied!" 
as her eyco flashed with new Light, 
" there is no nwjrttg un enrlh thai i/oet 
aa* fail bf/orf the moral jtKiJe*ty of mjf 
father, [except the Kin^'& Majesty 
as represented by Sir F. Hoe. and 
Maiars. Laing, &c.] before his genius, 
befiure his goodness." 

Such are Mrs. Grimstone's elevateil 
notions of the moral dignity of man. 
Now for her idcaa on the laws of pro- 
perty : 

" Tbe distinction that coorention 
creates between man and man bad not 
been eng rarad or engrafted on his (Fe- 
lix's) mind when young. On tbe con- 
trary, it had been filled with impresnona 
tba( all tbst i> the ma<t noble and bejto- 
tifnl is eoaiMoii property, independent 
of class and country ; and his ripen- 
ed intcllifcnee, actinff on this board of 
fict*, WIS tbe best material for the poetry 
and philosophy that beantilicd hia mind, 
mannen, and conversation." 

With regsrd to th* ordefi of aorlety 
and the diffen'nt ranks of the commu- 
nity, we are told, 

"That the day is fast approaching 
vben the prtiteribM men <^ etery eoun- 
tl^t U| Ihate who maiiUaiM tt by 
•*^ aluUt ritulieatt them- 
•«» ivMMf f wHrre. Than 
ObOl, alull 




prove tbe force and fire that shall dOir 
from the mechanic's and the manner- 
turrr'i pea ; these men will turn to the 
(juarry offsets existing in their own fate i 
and the mere courtly souneteers, liko 
piping fiache« oi tutored parrots lei 
lOuKC amonjt birda of native touxi will be i 
nlent, or pau unheeded. The pagean* i 
tries, the masks, the mockcrici at pre- 
sent tolerated and endured, will crumbla ' 
away like painted canvas scenes of a neg- 
lected theatre." 

Her notions on female cmployroenta 
secui to ua juditiouH and exrollent : 

" Go, (said tbe mother, delivering hef 
parting advice,) go up «lair« of a morn- 
ing, trilA the maiitt and thakt the hede. 
Klin up and down stairs fitr amy trij$£i 
they Irani [thin we believe is the general 
occupatiuQ of tbo wtili-room maid], tbe 
exorciMi will incrcaae ^uur ■tnngtfa and 
save their time. Their gaiety [that ia, 
the hooAc-maids'l will improve your ^• 
ritfl, and your manners will improve tbeir 
behaviour. Draw on a pair of yfoees^J 
and duat the drairing-room and hanittertt \ 
do not let weeds accumulate in the gar* 4 
den : all thia will iuat.t tlie circulation of ^ 
thought aa well as blood." 

That itprodnces the cfTcct intended, 
is clear ; only we think that it has 
absolutely overdone its purpose, and 
that the circulation in tfu regions near 
Me head, has become too rapid, ft 
sccma, says she, 

" ' That the bnaom-tenameat is too 
small for the spirit-gurst within, to per- 
mit it to expand in all the fulness of sab- 
lime delight. Surely there will be a stat*^ 
in which this cap^illty will have seo|i 
and verge enough.' — 'What are yo« I 
talking of I' aaid lier husband, (as well he ' 
might), with cold and almost conterap- { 
tuous inquiry." 

"This m^ratic woman of pre-cmi' 
nent talent and profound argument,'* 
does not agree that women are given 
to love, — it is a deleterious drug of 
convention, hfaturin a dreamer and 
a dramatist, with more passion and , 
poetry than reason, — Washngtom 
Irving, an elegant writer, with more 
sweetness than strength,— Byroa, « 
subUme poet, yet more posseaaed with ' 
the crolrhets of prejudice, than truth ; 
and common scnsc,-»have advanced 
opinJODS 00 that point which owe 
their currency to male ignorance, and 
female difiingcnuousness. " i,ofe u 
not iroMon's vhole exintenct." Mrs. 
Grimstone informs us of a peculiar 



^^^ 



_ai!i 



t 



52 



Kifvticw. — CUone; by .Vrj. Grimstone. 



[Joh-. 



. 



P 



class of women, of whom we are Dot 
ourselves aware. 

" She," excUuned Rosine, " is one of 
thoH rte/im-itwnin whom nature \\ra 
nade in « [wruliar maan^r, ph*r«>cnlljr 
fragile ; aofl an inappropriate ediiratinn 
mcotoUy feeUe. She I9 one of those 
tititt which tbe lovtr dtiigklt to bend uftr 
andbHght." 

It will be apparent to all that Cleone 
19 a woman who thinks for herself. 
Therefore, we grant it ia very hard 
upon hpr to find " that n strong con- 
viciian canoe over that hfr hucTiJind 
had no ahatrart principle to which 
she mi(cht tmst." 

He therefure doen not seem to un- 
dcnitand or sympathiic with har when 
»he affirmft — 

" llow ii \me to be gained * not by 
vnin attempts to circnnuerite tkt #K». or 
emtrael tht ray» itfita orbit. It Ib to be 
WOB ooIt by your Hoivral tetitude, the 
dnfreeof lympatliy you excite. Let him 
who is content to Utb in the polar rc- 
p'tios of tnapirion, unkm<)nc]i«, and ID- 
dilFerence, not wonder that he finda leaa 
love, than be who h>f«ps tendprnoM, truth, 
and confidence in the zenith." 

This majestic woman has no very ex- 
alted notions of the beingcallod ' lloao.* 

" They bcliere that to nuke tpeechea, 
balimre bookt, look over briefs, write |ire- 
iicriptiunK,rfa(f [niarkhow home that thnutt 
\m, read .'] wnnont, maki* the Kum total of 
irmritj ; and as wonum do none of tbesK 
thtefi [we am sorry to bear that wnmrn 
anther c&<«t up thriraccotints nor read *er> 
monv] , hccaii^r th«y are aeither senators, 
bankers, nor barristera, tbey imperiDusly 
decide that womao baa no share in the Biun 
total." 

We think in the above passage Mrs. 
Grimstone has given us toe cause why 
the waters of complaint flow so 
loudly in the following sentence. Mrs. 
O. it appean, from her own confer* 
aion, does not coMt up kn- aetomnU ; 
Ml. Q. of coorsc becomes cautious : 
and then ^he snyi — 

" Tlitrc aw many women capable of 
ditfrmiiHg trra/tk, that air compelled to 
BuJic ap]>rat t>i Lhe bvttonrd pockri. and 
laJte «MM eontamiiateJ by the louch of 
nloardliocsi. I" lupjtty not their tndlri- 
dw want* only, but the wants of llie 
fanUy; thn wants of the very one who 
ii a« mxMH to havtaf ibsai aappliadt u bo 
is rvlurlant to faralsh tbe aunss for 
wkicb they rosy be done. 

llow doc* ihr Hiul of a ftmtniu 



woman btrar thih money bondage. How 
can nhe brju- the daily clank of tbe cola 
tabic to which she is fiwtcned ; a itBttia| 
nlave to sordidneas, stand and beJiida^H 
dross dealt out like lauiUnntn, — befnf«^| 
this ranker, comfort, temper, peace, aetf- ^* 
rcfpect, all that is essential to ordinary 
existence, Rive way ;" 

Wc mu»t now conclude fofter hav. 
iog laid before her admirers this " ma- 
jestic woman's" sentiments 00 morals. 
poetry, and the domestic oeconumy of 
liff), by giving n glimpse of her ra- 
tional and humble inter nrctat ion of 
Scripture. Her husband nappcncd to 
wiy. " For whom the Lord loveih he 
chnsteneth. and scourgeth every aon 
whom he rcccivcthi" nod " He that 
flparcth the rod. hnteth his aon, hot 
he that Inveth his son cbaxtcnrth him 
bcttincn." Cleone was triuinphajitly 
asked if she impugned the government 
of God. and held herseli' to be wiser 
than Solomon. 

*• 1 will tell you," she replied, "how 
I intcrjirct the first sentence yoa hava 
quoted. Ut inuoutablc taws of good 
and evil, their effects src carreapondent 
to the cauHca. The man thai daca ill« 
is eithp-T remotely or immediately Tinl«| 
by pain, and in that senile bai bee* 
chsiten^. And as I believe that Ood 
luTcs all — that all have some rrror*, — 
MO nil will his laws more or lest chaatca 
ere he receive them. As for tbe words 
of Solomon, I can readily bcliev* 4nn to 
be founded in error," &c. 

So much for the theology. And 
now reluctantly, and aonrowrully, we 
bid this "majestic woman"adicu; l>eipg 
much in the situation of the husband. 
*' who bearing this, could not anawcr 
it. for he did not undcratand it — b«ibc 
a very largt enimat, but a very liUh 
mml.'r 



I 



TYttdilioMny S/on'ra, ^Andrew Ptc 
2 vols, 
TIIERK are two, among the trmdi. 
tionary hiatories of these volumes, 
that muat entertain the curioeity, ftisd 
command the attention of every rradrr. 
Ijidy Barbara of Cailaghie nod 
Johnstons of FaJrtic, is the na 
of a Lord's daughter who ran - -» 
with a farmer's son. " Tis an 6U 
talc, and oUc-ii luld ! " — but the "• 
count of th( aiut ■ 

which aIic uf" • lie 

tiun. U , >(ti a • 

deal of , < iiumo" 



T rraarr. 

nui|^^H 
in M^^V 




lUITIBW.- 



.-^i-icHsn ■ 1 rmuaamsnf awna. 



aj» 



» 



graphic powerof narrativewhichmight 
be advaiitagtously embodifd by the 

IKOcil of Wilkie or Mutrcady. We 
iart]lr know whether the melancholy 
termination of tho story, aad her mis- 
conduct, is quite consistent with the 
re&l. The leading history in the se- 
cond Tolunic is that of the Prior of 
Lauford. This we can only pmitc in 
partK ; it in loo much out of common 
naluro ; composed of incidents, and 
circiimatnncea, and situations, that 
never could hare been realiftcd ; too 
wild, roraintic, and mysterious for 
uur toAte. ]t is the story of a young 
lady who felt a great atuchmcot to the 
younj; and handsome Clergyman of 
ihc imrish, by whom it was returned. 
In due time, and with all proper pre- 
caution, he laiddown hisBhovclbat and 
gloves, and opened his sentiments and 
state of his affections, and was re- 
fused. In vain he pleaded, cxpostu- 
lated, questioned. " No ! no other en- 
gagement ! bat there was an insur- 
noontablo obstacle that could not be 
mentioned, hardly alluded to; but in- 
flurraountable it was." Well ! tlie poor 
Clergyman fretted and fumed, and 
wccpi'd, and propnncd again, and at 
length wrung uuL from hia fair one a 
promise of explanatioo. TAey rere 
to wiptt nt moonlight at $hf tmd uf the 
con»frvatory . All that was right! Sir 
Walter Scott could have found no 
fault witti the scene of action. Mo- 
ments of tedious uncertainty they were 
to the first-comer. At length, he heard 
hia fair one's light step through the 
fiowen. She arrived^" Now, if thy 
coaroge faileth not, follow roe." She 
led the way. lamp in hand, through 
narrow pAssages, long corridurs. empty 
saloons, tapestried chambers, till they 
entered a large kind of gallery bang 
round with male and female portraits. 
" Look at them," she cried, " look 1 
these ore the portraits of my anccs- 
tnrfi, of my family — my mother, my 
father — fVy all diMl mod/" 

The secret wa* discovered — the truth 
revealed — tluj did look ifmasively 
vild. The poor forlorn parson re- 
turned home, and became as melan- 
choly and lean as a gib cat. Years 
ruUcd on, and things remained much 
as good luck woutti 
tn arrived a! 
hU obodr 
« pttticulax 



friend of Sir Andrew Halliday, Physi- 
cian to his present Majesty, or, as we 
believe, Sir Andrew himself in dis* 
guise. At any rate he had published 
■ book on Insanity. He heard of the 
case, called on the clergyman — saw the 
lady — went up stair?, and looked at 
the portraitfl. and made up bis mind 
that they were none of them half to 
nad as they supposed. Then he liad 
formed a theory, that madnm ia not 
herrditable from tht mdlKer; that the 
mothers may go mad as often as they 
like, but that their children arc as 
sound as a rmtrh. This was doctrine 
both comfortable and new ; he incul- 
cated it so powerfully, as to break the 
resolve of the lady, a^uring her. that 
there were tm ckancva to two agaiwii 
Aer turniuij out nuane : that he conld 
see only a little, very little, wildness 
in her eyett, and that the l>est safe- 
guard against the disease, would be 
marryinga steady, good-looking young 
clergyman, living quietly at the par- 
sonafje, and looking after her children. 
Well ! the kind physician prevailed. 
Miss Prior became the wife of the 
Rev. Mr. Bannatyne, and in doe time 
favoured him with an heir. But as her 
husband, like alt other cunM:ientiQU8 
clergymen, was much engaged in 
trariKcriliing olhcr jieople's, ur ciimpos- 
ing his own sermons; in visiting the 
sick ; in gardening, botanizing ; writing 
the history of his parish ; sending dia- 
scrtatjonsto tho Gentleman's Magazine 
on Roman Pottery, and Druidical Re- 
mains ; observing tlie migration of 
swallows, and sawing blocks of stone 
to discoverliving toads immured within 
them ; and as he wajiuflatc employed in 
Joining the hiokcu parts of an icthyo- 
sauroa, which he dug up in the glebe, 
and meant to present to the /Zoological 
Society, Mrs. Bannatyne thought she 
should benefit by having a fcmaJe com- 
panion with her : so she sends lo Edin- 
burgb,andextracts from thence a young 
widow, with blue eyes and flaxen hair, 
both of moat dangerous hue, of the 
name of Chambers. The young widow 
knows how to play her cards ; and 
had not been long in the house, before 
she pretended to fancy Mrs. Banna- 
tyne iMdie. and spoke to her roncd- 
scundinglytrnd incom|iassion,aatoonc 
loliouring under infirmity. And on 
she wi-Qt, in her artful and accnrsett 
nuLchinatiuns, weaving her dclubionfc 



I 



I 

I 

I 




Review. — T%e Vovng Mutcovitf. 



and spells about the poor weoch, tiU 
&he aJmoiit ixiade her n'h&t she repre- 
sented her to be. Tbeii she was play- 
ing her KBOie also with tlie unsuopi* 
cioua minister; kept him away from 
his wife, and persuaded each that 
the other hod no wish to see them. 
Tliia went on from bad to worse, till it 
arrived at such an extent of minchief 
and misery, that the basbaod, think- 
ing his wife quite insane, in wretched- 
OCM of heart sent off far Dr. Hen- 
dersoo, who had been absent, probably 
attending his Majesty at Brighton and 
Windsor. He came — he saw — he ob- 
served — he smelt a plot^ he laid his 
train, hcdiacovcred the infernal scheme 
of duplicity and wickcdne&s, laid it 
all bore, kicked Mri». Chambers out of 
doors, and took the husband to (he 
bosom of hilt Mm^, and affectionate, 
and happy wife. This is an outline 
of the story; but then, as for its 
merit, — we do not approve at all 
"of taking the Sacrament" being 
introduced to fnmi&h out a scene 
of a novel ; and screams and yells and 
inadncss, breaking out in the midst of 
it. And there is a little too much of 
a German myetical sentinientaltsm 
tlinnijrikaut ; but parts are powerfully 
deacnbed, and the whole enchains the 
Mtention, and affects the feelings. Of 
the other stories, with tht.> exception 
of Lady Barbara, which is the brat of 
all, wc do not think highly. 




T*« YoMiy Miutovife. or the PoUt in 
Ruaia. 3 vob. 
WE roust confess that we were not 
able to get through the volumes whose 
title we have transcribed. Wc have 
no dout)t of their merit — of the in- 
terest of the adventures, the valour of 
the heroes, the beauty of the ladies, 
the skilfulnens with which the inci- 
dents are introduced, and the elegance 
and ingenuity with which the whole 
is composed ; but we cannot help it — 
wc must honestly, though reluctantly, 
confcsa a — fit of somnolency come 
over us as we were in the middle of 
tli« first volume, that lasted so long 
■I to alarm uur aged housekeeper. lu 
vain she shook us, in vain her niece 
chafed our temples, put feathers up 
the no«e, and used all approved means : 
nothing would do. the sleep would 
have its way ^ axid we remained in this 



state, holding the book tightly in our 
grasp, from 10 on Saturday eireniog. 
till half-past 12 on Monday morn- 
ing (our usual hour of calling on ovr 
Publisher), when wc Marted up fww 
are told) as if nothing hod happened, 
called for our breakfast, and set off to 
the delight of our two domestics for 
Chancery-lane : when dropping in, aa 
is usual with us, for a glasa of Cin* 
namon water, at Mr. Ilume's> tbe 
learned chemist of Long Acre, and 
mentioning the circumstance to hin. 
to our infinite surprise he informed tu, 
that in the course of the preceding 
week he had been called in to two 
aimitar coMea ariMing from ihg vrry Moaue 
book ; aiid he woa guod enough to 
give us a prescription to use, if the 
same ctrcuiuBtance should occur •gain 
in our critical labours. 



I 




llluttratiota of Political Econ/my, No. 
XXIII. contaioing T^r T^ree Jget : 
No. XXIV. conlaiiiing77iF/'arTwr<j^ 
Bndtjf Rote. Rjf Harriet Martioean. 
TIIKSE clever and eDtertaioiog vo- 
lumes are now closing up their series; 
but most certainly will long remaia 
substantial proofs of tiie talent and 
knowledge of the author. Abstract 
theories were never before so clothed in 
fle.<ih and blood ; and political and 
moral truths never appeared in such 
graceful and living forms. The rerricr 
is a tale mvant to lead to tlic bent and 
truest principles of taxation ; though 
we cannot say that the narrative is ao 
happily framed, or the conclusions so 
skilfully prepared, or tlie truths eli- 
cited, us in some of the other number*. 
The Three Ages, is designed to regn- 
late the amount and direction of public 
expenditure: this ia illostrated by the 
frrort commitleil on this head, in ^ 
three different periods of Knglii<h hia- ^| 
tory — the time of Hcnr)- the F.ighth — H 
Charles the Second — and ihe prraent. 

There is a spirit and tone, and tvtl- 
iog pervading this volume that we do 
not approve — a bitterness of reproach 
towards the upper classes of society—* 
severe censure, on the vulgar grouAda* 
against the C\wch, much bencnth 
Miss Martineau, both in propric 
feeling, and in the weight and % 
of the arguments ; and lier cos 
live estimate of thr national en 
tute ia /or, and i« military and 




■oa«.j nKTiBW.-^njmumu b xtHiwr 



r 9 cvfHinH Acvnvn^. 



iMOM (v/* dtftne*. 14 such &3 cannot 
approve itself fur discretion, sense, or 
wixdoto. We may lament the evils 
we caoDot avert : wc may lament 
that we are obliged to maintain, as be- 
ing a great ami powerful DAtioa whose 
arma reach across the eartti and the 
tea. expensive armaments, aud ar- 
mies, and navies, to preserve our pos- 
Msstons from crafty or violent ene- 
min ; so wc may lament that tav it- 
self is necessar)' to supfiort the virtue, 
defend the properly, or repress the 
■cIlishQess of man. Such tirades as 
these lead to DO good ; and there is 
neither practical considerate wisdom 
in them, nor good feeling, li Miu 
MartincBU means her satire to ap- 
ply to all European goveromcnts, 
we must leave those mtivmal judg- 
ments to their usual fate ; if to us ex- 
clusively, wc then can only point to 
our armed neighbours, to shores briat- 
ling with bayonets, and garrisons 
dark with arlillcry — and ask if, in sucli 
an armed society, we are to disband 
our defensive powers — dismiss the 
guardian dugs who watch the fold, 
and leave it a prey to the wolfish fe- 
rocity around. \Vith the praises of 
the present Administration we have 
nothlDK to do ; only wc hope not to be 
ohiigedto join in them. Notwith-land- 
iug, however, whatever has been said, 
we heartily join in the public appro- 
bation that has been bestowed on the 
productions of this clever and saga- 
cious lady ; but from the samples we 
have seen, which amount to about 
five or sit in the series, we see plainly 
marks in most of them of being too 
haitUy got up. If ihey are to be pcr- 
mancntly embodied in English Lite- 
ralurc, they will need a complete aod 
considerable rrvisal. 



Tkr fVrilinfft f\f irfWtft ^'iuAlRjr'm. 
bring hia ConrfMjttmdmKf. jOdrmt^, 
iff. Bv Jarcd Sparks. Vol. II. 
BY an Hibernian method of publica- 
tion. Vol. II. prucecdti VutuoiC I .« 
which is not yet out. and wUeb ia 
to contain the Life of Waahioston. 
The whole work is to catend to leu 
or twelve volumes, 
fashion of the pr 

every paper l b^ 

every lelt^rr ofl^^^^^^^^^^i 
violated, toi 
of an mdolent | 
thcntic Life 




from authentic documents, undoubtedly 
is most desirable ; but there is a reason- 
able limit to all, the best of our desires; 
and wc would ratlier have had this work 
in half its bulk. Tbc mass of mana- 
scripts from which iiicac Memoirs are 
compiled, eitends to eighty volumes. 
The first part cunipri^es the official tet- 
ters relating to the French War, and 
previous to the American Revolution. 
They are no doubt valuable, as af- 
fording accurate and copious materials 
for a History of that War, but they 
are more tiltt-d for an Hiatorical Col- 
Irction likr Rashworth than a biogra- 
phy of Washington. What would be 
thought of the taste and judgment 
of a person who wrote tlic Ufe -of 
Pitt, and who bi^gan it with a volume of 
letters relating to the particulars of 
the Duke of York's Cum[>atgn in Hol- 
land f Who will read them/ How 
roon^' would have read with avidity, 
a Life of Washington, who will not 
read Washington appearing in the af- 
fairs of America, aj< Belshazzar ap- 
pears in Martin's picture, a mere 
cypher or maggot amidst the gigantic 
measurements around him. However, 
all this may be very well in America. 
wgit^stf And sosaying no mureabout 
the matter, wc arrive at p. 337, where 
wc find WaJthiagton, after the French 
War, a Member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, and where this curious scene 
took place. — " As soon as Col. Wash- 
ington took his seat, Mr. Robinson, 
following the impulse of his own 
generous and grateful heart, discharged 
the duty with great dignity [of return- 
ing thanks to G. Washington], but 
with such warmth of rti/oiiriiijr. ami 
Htrtngth of erpreaaion, as FJi/iVp/y to am- 
fotrnd the young Hero." IVf gvtaM 
tknt it wo* mrnrihiHg mighty particular, 
for G. Washingtou rusf to cxpn^ss hia ■ 
acknowledgments for the honour, "hut M 
tuck irtu his IrfjndatioM and cvt^uuioa, * 
thai Ap oanld not ultrr a nyltabir. Hr 
hlutied, ff/oRmeret/, and trmiied fvr a 
mimmtf; vhtn Ih* SpHiker t*lie%vd him, 
bjf atntke of oddrttt tchich would 
hiw done hotutur to Lncis Me Jf/K. 
in hi4 prtmdtat and kajtpittt moment. 
' Stt down, Mr. Wiivliif.jtoD,' said he, 
wi'h a cuut.iija:i:ig 'ii;iii', ' your mo* 
V ig cq/ai to your valour, ind 
"~ ilftiepowrrofanylanguage 
■ '—Excellent! Mr. 
I .ive felt delighted 
'i-' f.ut on the 



fi« 



Review. — TJir Writings of Washington. 



li' 



; 

I' 
\ 



^ 




laurel crown of fame. The Utti^r half 
of thin vulumc is tiUvii with privalc 
letters, many of which ought never to 
hBvebe«n published, if the Binf^raphcr 
did not wish to dissolve, like an Rogr)- 
eiichantcr. the vision whicft he had 
raised, aad to dispel the illuftions 
that hung around ois Hero. Now 
exit Coiw/ Washington! — enter /*/an- 
/«* WaAhingloD ! — that we may he 
correct, wc will give the ipwiatma 
vtrba of the Editor. " Wanhington 
(oh ! ye HenKH uf old, bow down 
and listen) exported to London hia to- 
bacco for the market, making the ship- 
ments in his own name, and putting 
the tobacco on- board the vcuels him- 
self, which came up the river to his 
luaosion at Mount Vernon. Twice 
a-year Washington forwarded a list of 
tkc memtarics and conwntfucfn for 
bouchold purposes, and every ar/jH> 
t^ iMortef apparfi fnr himaeff, and 
every nmmoer qf Am family (female a» 
well as male) tprnfyimg the namM of 
each {spare your deity, ye worship- 
pers t) and the agfa nf the children, 
and the size and (jualitrand descrip- 
tion of the articles. He then required 
his agent to send bim, in addition to 
a general bill of the whole, the ori- 
ginal voucher of each one of the pcr- 
BOOB from whom purchase was made. 
So minute am] partirular was he in 
the#c concerns, that for many years 
he entered with hi-i own hand, in books 
prvparnl for the purpose, all the lists 
of orders and receipts from London 
tradesmen and mechanics in London 
who supplied him with goods, <sucb 
was the retrenchment of the modem 
Xeuophon !) and in this way, says the 
enchanting and enlightened Biographer, 
Mr. Jareil Sparks, he (what a he!) 
Icepta perfect nvcrsight ofthe business, 
ai^ ooold tell when any advantage 
was taken of him even in the sroallcat 
matter, of which he did not fail to 
remind bis anient ! — Mercy unuN! this 
the Life of H'aMhimgtan ! (be Life of a 
Jew Pedlar, of an old clotbesman in 
Camomile street ! — But we proceed. — 
As the price obtaini-d for his tobacco 
dcpendnl on the fidelity and efforts of 
the agent in effecting sales, he would 
dividetht Offpniy, sundiogoneport to one 
peraon and one to another, and by 
comparing the re«uits. he could delect 
any iaattrntiuo or mismanngrment 
srnich had been unlavoarable to hii 



^ 



interest! We wi.ih the Americans joy 
of this Biographer and his book ; and 
if their gods are turned into monkeys. 
it is DO fault of ours. — However, we 
must do Mr. Jared Sparks rwbat a 
name !) the justice to (|uote the divine 
original, and give a specimen of NVash- 
ington's Correspoadence, which <aa 
we are fre»h from a very dull and 
husincfiR-likc collection of letters by a 
heavy man called Horace Walpole,) 
strikes us as lively and exalted. 

" By this coovcyence, (uys the Hero) 
you will receive iuvuii-rs uf >ut:b gutids as 
lur wantiDif, wbich please to »eud as. there 
directed, by Captain Johnstua in the 
Spri;, and let me beKecb you lo give the 
DeresMry directions for psrcliasing them 
apon the btriit ti:rni)>. It is nei'dlus for 
me to Jl■^ticaIa^J^e thn Horts, tjoolities, or 
taste I could choose to have tlirrem. ob- 
les* it U obsen'rd, snd you may believe 
mc when 1 tell you, that instead of getting 
tliin||r« ftaoA and fsihiunable in their m< 
>cnii kiuiln, wc often have articles test 
us, that could only have been naed by 
our forefatlieni in days of yorr." '• It 
ill a cuirtnm (says the modern Epaminon 
dat) I have some reiuoD to bvlieve, wilh 
many of the Hhopkeepers. and traJeanw 
in London, wben they know goods af* 
bespoken for exportation, to palm some, 
times old and very slight aud indiffrrrat 
nnen upon us, lakioK care at the aaae 
limr to cliarge alw%e ten, or fifte«ti. or 
perhaps twenty i*cr cent, upon tbcm." 

But the Patriot, the Stateaman, the 
Philosopher, the General goes on to 
say, 

" For meny years 1 bare tmpoitsd 
goods from Londuu as well as other paitl^ 
and nevrr had auch a petCttorth b^fiiw*. 

The ivnnlleiis, linens, nailn, are meaa )a 
quality," &c. 

In another letter, the Colouct oafcs 
<^" Would it be advisable focA<M«v ri* 
marltt nf nwy tif thf tnt/acco, or mad t 
bnl ihip it undrr the unal markt f If 
to. MV TART niajr be Jbwirn Ay «mh 
wmall dixtimctinn, tiurh a* yoM ceiK Wsl 
ndrtip." If the publication or audi 
letters as these, be not the very nweooe 
of biographical prudence, and oatiunal 
gratitude, we know not how ta 
estimate these radical virtUM enuugb. 
Again, be wishes to wear hxa it)< 
decently. 

" I coinndt f^**- rholea of mi 
ajipar*! r^ i i :■*, lia»'" 

ii|iiiiinD (I "■. I 

lore nnr (-tiimiiiiLci «. 



1 

I 
I 



4 



[ or fflrer (mttom, are tA\ tlut I de- 

I luve liilbfrto U&il mjr cIotLea 

• bjrone CharUi LHwreacr. WhrtLer 

t be tbe fuik nf the tailor nr oot, I ran* 

[ftot HJ. but m; clothrs hM\c not fitted 

DC U ftU. I inclofe a meafure. Mjr 

latatUK ia (i feet. oM^trMe rather glendrr 

Tlfaan corpulent." 

That Mr. Wisliin^toD was a most 
mjiright trader, we see by the »ale of 
■ 1)13 tobacco; he carried the »a,me 
Iftpirit of integrity iuto his purchases. 
' He wanted to buy a large tract of 
land In ProAvlvnnia. but be sayi he 
believes that t^c custom in Peusylvania 
will not permit him to buy so lar^c a 
quantity of land as he requires to be 
portioned together. " If no, thia mojf 
prrhapt be arrant/ed by makiHg arvrrat 
ntriea to /Ae «ame amoanl, (f the ejr< 
pviut M Ttot too hvary. This I only 
drop as a hint, leaving the whole lo 
your discretion," &c. Then he pro- 
ceeds : " I offered to join you to at- 
t^ntpting to Sfcitre some of the mott 
mlunble Inads in the King's Port, 
which I think nay be accomplished 
after a whi Ic, notieitkntandin*/ Iht pro- 
domdiion that T*atraiiu it at prttfHt. I 
shall fiod it necessary for the better 
/wthering of my dvtvjn, to Ut fame of 
my friend* be etmcvrjted in Me scheme, 
who may partake of the advantoj^s. 
I recommend you keep the whole mat- 
ter a secret." We can only kay ' Qurm 
Jupiter vult pcrderc, prius demeatat.' 
Thh is the column erected to do honour 
to the image of H'axMnjfton .' We hope 
the t/ttift and capital will Ite different 
from the bate. SomeuMfal appendices 
close the volume, particularly the one 
relating; to the death of the French 
Colonil Tumunville. 



Apology for the Study nf Dirittity. de- 
Uvnvd bffore tfu- Hithop and llni- 
vrrwity t(f Dtarham, By Hugh S. 
Rose. B. D. 

WE beg earnestly to recommend this 
elegant and wvlUreasoned dincoutse, 
especially that part of it which rv-laies 
to the imporlaacc of classical studies, 
in opposition to the superftcial sciobata 
of the day. Wc wdl trnnFtcribc the 
conclusion of Mr. Hose's di»rourstf. In 
which he winds up the arpumrnt in 
OppoaittoQ to those whn»n*ileprf4'ing 
and dMpi«ingall uth< mi. 

nmrimtmt (q Uloac read. 

-Tfl. If led 10 



stvdy nonlt, raetnphifttes, hiftftry, lai 
he is led by the Kludy uf liwi^i^cs tu in* 
veatigate the Iuw.h of tliouglit, whi<-li ituida 
man'fi tninil, ^ad to exnlt his jKiwers and 
kindle his imsgiDation by the works of 
men of matcbJess genioi. All these stu- 
dies sre to ba pursued with the strictest 
rrferenee tu practiur. Nay, they can- 
nut be pursued for the especial |iuri>OM 
for which they ara wanted, curcpt in 
union with the strictatt obi'i'rvniiuti of bu- 
sun nature. In oflerin^ proofs of the 
trtith of the relij^on which bo presses 
nn nuin's sri-eptsnce. he is compelled 
to obBervc the close connection of tl»« 
moral ami intelU'ctual franie ; Ju diss!- 
patiog the errrors of op]M>Dents of th« 
truth, iic is led to tiew tbt: fronse- 
(jucnct'x lo uinn at lar^ of our indolgvace 
in intellectual error; he ia taught, yea 
compelled by the Tery nsture of his 
sludiM, to Taloe all things only with re- 
ferrace to a higher and never-cDdiag 
e&isteiice. 1 would ask, if all this is so, 
not wliellier olliirni should embrace this 
atudy, but whether we need fear to uwa 
ur lo purvue it? I wotUd a«k boldly, 
whfiher any man who kaowg to what it 
relates, will roature to say that it ib not 
a full and worthy employment for the very 
highest totcllei-t wbtch Uod erer hrstowed 
oa man. I would luk bultlly, whetlier 
any man who knew to what it rcUtcs^ 
and who knew too what miiQ is, what his 
powers are, and whither hs is goiag to 
give an ac-couut uf them, will veuture, 
«hat<<¥rr he may chiiose lo da in practice, 
in theory to cannare with it any or all 
the scienoc* which conpoae the traio of 
natural icirace ?" 

Science in its oki« place has. beyond 
all question, a value and a dignity 
which require no praise from any man. 
No man of sound mind will venture 
to throw diM!n'dit on the arts which 
tend to increase the happiness and 
rumfort of mankind, far less tu depre- 
ciate tlic Kcjeaccs which display to as 
the wisdom of the creation in its won- 
derful vaiiet)'. ns excicised in the 
aystcm of the universe. Ever)' divine 
ia aware, that, aa a haud-maid to 
theology, in jtointing out the footatepa 
of God's wisdom and love in every 
quaitcr, (and more especially if. in 
giviDB; the knowledge, it assi&t^ in pro- 
ducing and confirming the propensities 
of \\JVK and dcvutiou, at tlu' displays 
of love and wisdom,) it is enIilU-d to 
all respect and all gratitude. It ia 
when it transgrvsaes its proper limits. 
and seeks to usurp what rightly he. 
loDga to other studies; when it clainoji 
all allcnlioD, while il deserves otilv « 
I 



58 Review. — Weatherhead'a Philosophical Rambler. 



[J«ly, 



limited share ; when it professes to be 
the best disciplioe of the mind, while 
it is oden a partial and often a dan- 
gerous cultivation of the facalties ; that 
Its encroachments must be watched, 
and UDceremnniously resisted. When 
its votaries pass their proper bounds, 
and seek to depreciate the studies 
which formed the best and brightest 
of intellects in past days, and might 
form the best and brightest intellects 
still, they must be reminded, that they 
direct man's thoughts to outKard mat- 
ters, we to the soul within ; they to 
that which perishes, we to that which 
endures ; they to the narrow confinos 
of the present, we to the wide domain 
of the past aud of the future ; they to 
that which they can touch and taste 
and handle, we to the delicate pro- 
cesses which defy the coarser test of 
the senses ; they would keep men in 
the world of sense, we would lift him 
to the world of spirits ; they would 
treat liim^ as if the grave were the last 
home appointed fur all living, we would 
lift his thoughts to a house not made 
with hands, eternal in the heavens ; 
they would treat him as a perishing 
member of a perishing race, we as the 
immortal child of an immortal father ; 
they would Kit his thoughts and oc- 
cupy his whole soul with what relates 
to the botiy, and to luxury, and to 
money, we would prepare him for 
communion with the great Author of 
life and light, and wisdom and glorj' ; 
they would fain direct all thoughts 
and eyes to the fair temple of science, 
bright and beautiful indeed in its 
aspect, and fair and exquisite in its 
proportiuus, but, like the icy palaces of 
the rcgious of the north, they will melt 
and vanish away, under the influence 
of a more genial atmosphere and a 
warmer sun — we would fain direct 
all thoughts and eyes to another build- 
ing, the first stone of which was laid 
on Calvary, which has been built up 
and cemented with the blood uf saints 
and martyri, which will one day open 
its everlasting portaU wide to all cli- 
mates and countries, which will be 
their happy home, and will continue 
in its Iii;htncds and its beauty for ever. 



7^^ Phitruinjifncnl HamMfr. By G. H. 
Wt-athirlioiid, ,V. />. 
"Itali.ini--Itulidm"- -were the words 
of the Roman Poet, that were heard 



from the mouth of the learned Doctor 
as he put on his sandals, and girded 
his loins for a pedestrian tour to tlie 
land of wine, of song, and of all that 
delights the heart of man. When lie 
went he does not inform us ; but we 
conclude that he has only been re- 
turned a time sufficient to put his 
journal in order for the public. It 
was a bold undertaking, " in summer 
heat and winter snow •/' but as gallantly 
accomplished, and the Doctor can now, 
over his pot of ale, sit tn his easy 
chair, and rejoice over the victories 
he achieved. His book in style is very 
appropriate to the manner in which 
the journey was performed, for it ia 
written ' Sermone tere pedestri :' with 
no attempts at the condensed energy of 
Forsyth, or the graceful luxuriance of 
Eustace. The parts of it which are of 
the most interest, are those relating to 
the geological formations, and the 
causes of the atmospheric peculiarities. 
In the fine arts the Doctor ia no coq- 
juror : the picturesque he does not 
much cultivate : nor docs he Eeem at 
all ac(|uaintpd with the inexhaustible 
treasures that lie enshrined in the 
language of Ausoniai but the bent of 
his mind is towards mineralogical and 
geological pursuits ; and we could have 
wished that, omitting his long and nu- 
merous catalogues of paintings, and 
statues, and sights, which have been 
given often before, and which are u 
tiresome to read as the originals arc 
delightful to see, he had contented 
himself with putting forth a small 
volume from all that he observed 
worthy of recording in the strata of 
the different countries he visited, ac- 
companied with remarks on the dif- 
ferent branches of their natural his- 
torj'. This is the only way that, at 
the present day, a traveller treading in 
the footstep* of so many of his pre- 
decessors, can hope to engage atten- 
tion or command respect. There ia 
not one observation connected with 
the works of art in the whole vo- 
lume worth a mumeut's attention ; 
not one that contains a novel or in- 
genious view of this subject, while 
many of them are erroneous; but his 
remarks as a Natural Philoaophrr, 
thou^h he is far too hasty in formlBg 
his theories, and building up his con- 
clusiona, do credit to his observatioa 
and reasoning. With regard to his 




•trie* of the source of the malaria, 
ich iit so fntiilly <I(rva«tatia(i; Rome 
iti narroanding Campngita, we 
ink that they arc not ([uitc sn oritjisal 
thr authur ttceoa^ to suppose tlit- ni : 
leut We recollLTt in a disquiaitian 
HutnboIdt'A, where the RmnaH \wnU- 
•Qce iM cuually mcDiioncd, that he 
hintt at the caose possibly being con- 
nected with thai which the Doctor now 
bold!]ra»»iunu; IhouRhHumboliltdoes 
Dot cooBne it aa tht* Doctor does. 
solrly to lliC ctlfcmely ahaorbeiU nature 
of the volcanic soil, nor (we coofedsj can 
we ourAclve» see how the Doctor'* hy- 

Eothesis. OB he srvn it dnn, ' enplttins 
ow out side of a street bIiuuM Im: 
Botarioasly unhealthy, and the other 
free of any noxious influence." Surely, 
if this 5U|)erahundaiit mottturv is ex- 
haled and mixed with the air, it will 
not be coofiDed in it^ action to the 
exact surface from which it proceeded. 
The Doctor niust recaltert that the 
maJaria, or this raephitic vfHuvium. is 
not peculiar to the Jlntnao States, or 
cvcD to ItaJy itself, la summer luid 
in autumn, the malaria stretches, more 
or leas, along the shores of the Medi- 
terranean, from the Straits of Gib> 
raltar, to its stronghold the pcstiles* 
tial p^ulf of -Smyrna. Assuredly, it 
broods over lands Uint are ant tolrmie : 
and thcrerori? we mudt hesitate before 
we adopt the Doctor's reasonings, 
otfacnnriso than as in all probability 
tltey unfold to us oae cause amotif; 
others. We also beg k-nvc to hc«ttate 
before wc quite agree with him, that 
volcanoes are aitcaift found near water, 
or the sea. We believe there are 
many instances, particularly in Cen- 
tral Alia, of the contrary ; though, that 
water pcnetcatiog into the fiMurL-x and 
subterranean caverns which lie beneath 
the vulcanic monntains, and mixing 
with the volcanic tire, occasions 
the explosion, we cooAidur the most 
probable cause yet advanced for belief. 
We w«re going to mcntioa the volcanic 
mountainof Auvcrgucossupportingour 
assertion, but we think that rrofc>isur 
Daubcny has proved the presence of 
Urpe lakes, or bodies of water there, 
from the fuitKil remains Lliat h^irt been 
discovered. We consider it to be a 
•uliject wanting further experience and 
more 1-i.lrniIetl observation ; indeoil, wc 
oeem little advanced in our koQWlcdjtO 
of the causes of volcanic action. As 



regards also the nrveeo being caused 
by iJie mcphitic atmosphere of the 
Italian coo^t, we cannot agree : bow- 
ever, we will briefly give the ipwmma 
wrbo of the Doctor : 

" Thp »ir*jcro w nothing else, in my 
npinion, tlisn volranir nii'i)Iiitc*dcini»iled 
ffoin a humid and ututniHp stmoaphcre ; 
wliioh wben imbued into th« luni^ in a 
euHiiented and conceH/rafed ttatn, pro* 
docei thcwi i-iTci-'tJ Id a poitOHout man- 
ner, whifh the narniei of ibc desert pro- 
duces solrty in a cnccbBnira).** 

Tlte Doctor observes, tliat in oil 
rxtiart volconos water is found ! Wo 
believe in mot/, we do not believe in 
alt. But the Doctor appears to us, if 
we understand him rij-htly, to con- 
sider this water, as in the lakes of 
Albanu and Ncmi, tu riaf/rom sulttrr- 
raneoux chaniwl* : nor do we quite UO- 
diTstand him when he asks, 

" Can the limestone in vlsking when 
Blrongly uqftd by beat, and rrndrrrd 
thir-Hty by torrcfsftion , direct the runrrnt 
of wattr towards tlic center of iimcous 
action, and tbiu add tu tbi- conibusrion 
instead of ciuelling it ?" 

Now we couceive the lakes to be 
caused in empty craters, by the 
waters that /oir into them and that 
/all tuto cbem. When the volcanic 
cralcrsof AlbanoandNemt were active, 
the mountains were clotr to tkc no, 
and now they ore several miles from 
it. However, wc should be very un- 
just, did we not most cheerfully own, 
that wc have been instructed and 
pleasingly employed in perusing many 
of our author's very ingenious specula- 
tions. In his discovery of the verj- 
avcifut futtil forest , facing the norlhcro 
extremity of the Pincian Hill, that 
mu<.thavccxistcd prior tothc foundation 
of Rome, and which wh-s brrtught to 
view, by cutting; nway the dank of 
the hill, in making the ancient Via 
Klamiuia level, is very interesting, and 
well worthy of the attention of the 
scientificgeoIogiBt. Wcthirik Uieauthor 
would have bi-tter consulted his owfl 
leputation, and would have more aU^ 
\anc(-d the sale of his work, had he con* 
tincdhimM:lfto thooe subjcL'15 which he 
habitually (itudiv!!, and with which h^ 
is ocquainicd, and given in a sn 
volume the result of his ob«er\<atinns ^ 
and we are quite Kure, from the guoal 
temper and good feeling in which hif ^^ 
book is written, that he will not think 



I 



60 



Review. — Maria's H'ttlory of iiidia. 



[July, 



I 



wc bave any ^Uh to disparage his 
knowlMlf;e, when we remind him, tliat 
M regnnis works nf nrt, whether in 
painting, nculpturo, mtuic. «r archi. 
tucture, he could not htyp^ to iiDpart 
ioforinatioD, when ho many wnultrt of 
each nrience had so often and ei> tlili- 
gcntJy preceded him iu hut road. 

Hiatoirc Gtnerate df Vlnde Atici(vnc 
ft Modrme, dvpuu /'on 20O0 or<ifif J. 
C JMtqiif-^ no« jotirf : yr/ic^ii^e d'une 
votietjftegrapltiquc. ct de traitrs jruc 
tiaiuc mir la chronoloyif, Ut rrligton, 
la philofQi'hif, In l^jhlaHon, la lite- 
rutin; Im tfienttt, h» att», ft In 
cummfTce dtt JiiMdotu. Par M. de 
Mu]6s. avtfur df Vhiatoir^ de In 
domination di-$ A^ab^g m Efpai/ne, dp 
Pirrrf de Lara oa I' hWpaynt aa on- 
n'rme Sirtlt, 8ft. Bto. 6 val». Paris, 
1828. 
THE author of thU work ha»nc^cr 

been in India, and dneK not ap- 

Kar tobe acquainted with the Eastern 
nguages^ but be haa compiled his 
workfrDtn other writers, Hia readiof; 
ift extensive, and it would be difficult 
to point out any acce&aible source of 
inKirniation wtiicii h^-ttos not searched. 
Hill pUn has Ii-d bini into a very wide 
range of Kubjccti, not only in connec- 
tion with the inaiu topic, bat also in 
iUastration of it, nor is it too much to 
say, that he seems indefatigable in hift 
iaqoirtes, and often cuiatiioca their 
multa felicitously. 

The work is divided into two jiarts, 
(acbcoTksistiag of three volumes, with 
a sFparete index. The first contains 
the geographical dcscriptiuo, the reli- 
gioa, litrmture, &r., and the ancient 
histof)* of India, wilh theae(|ucl as far 
as the time of Mahmood of Gayna. 
The vecond part contains the sub- 
Mqucnt liistnry, down to the present 
time, with SDiue supplementary des- 
criptions and disaertation-i. Of conrse, 
we cannot espect that the modem 
history is prcciiwiy such %i an Kng- 
liihiBiD would write. A French au- 
thor, jealons, and laudably sn, for the 
honour of his country, could not be 
txpectedto enter minutely into the hi^- 
tcwy of raodcrn [ndla, neither can his 
exprr-tfiionnk be the same a» tho»e of an 
Orme. a Mdl, or ■ Wallace. Into tbi^ 
p«rt nf the work, bciwrvrr. we r^hall 
not now enter, bat content oursehe-i 
wilh taring, that the rataatropbe of 



the unfortunate Bhoh Atlum is relstfil 
with a feeling that docs honour to 



th«a 



narrator. 

Indeed, when we speak thus nf the 
author's good feelings, wc wish tbe 
rccnark to be taken as a general one ; 
and altbcuph we would not drat( reli- 
gion in on every occanion, still. "in the 
present state of France, awriler's sen- 
timents in that respect, are a fair ob. ^^ 
jcci of interctit. Considered in tb>fl^| 
pfjjnt of view, this history is writteftB 
with good intentions, perhaps the 
more praiseworthy, as the author has 
evidently to ntnijipilp against impret- 
sions derived from unfriendly sources. 

We cannot applaud the care with 
which the book has been reriscd at 
the press. The spelling of namea b 
not uniform, and of course must be 
sometimes erroneous. It is pravoking 
to read such niisoomers aa AirastaA far 
Afraaiai. Carpatyra for Caipatyra. mni 
Chond for Chound ; but the mistakes 
of this kind arc too nnmcrous to br 
particularised. We arc told that thr 
Hebrew racha. which tij^nifies great 
and powerful, is eiactly the same as 
the Sanscrit Kajah, both in sound aa<i 
meaning : Wc cannot imagine what 
this word can be. Is it pa<>sible that 
the author has mistaken racha for rait, 
which does signify great and [Miwerful ? 
<\'ol. ii. p. 3-17.) The references t« 
authorities, which are printcfl in the 
margin, are loose and unsatisfactorr. 
What, for instance, can the reader, 
who wishes to verifya statement, make 
of such TBgue citations oa these : — 
Diodorus, Strabo, Kenatha, W. Jones, 
Wilford, Sooncrat, T. Maurice, kr. 
without the page, the volume, or ere* 
the work being specified ? 

The reader will be surprised to tcua 
that Helen was the daughter of Japter 
and Nemesis (vol. ii. p. 171) ; that (fat 
Hamab of Scriptvrt, was the firrt 
conqueror and legi->4lator of A*ia (iii. 
25S) ; and that Hesiod, in recommMid- 
ins; modesty to the Greeks, quotes tW 
example of the Jews and Indians 
S.'tS). Hehas slren^ly misunderst 
the iMiasagea of Scn;)ture. in whkb 
19 said, that he shall be cut off 
mingit ad partrtrm, for he considen'il' 
to have been an offence pttniafaaibk 
with death, whereas itis aa exprraasoD 
peculiar to the language, and mndy 
denotes ihe males nf a famlljr. Wbat 
shall wcaar to the following sMttcace? 



sthe 

s (li.^ 
itoodH 

L'fl 



" Neither Ibc Greeks or tlie Jews had 
uiy oonnection, exrrpt with th(< petty 
frudatory iinDccs, whu gnwcmed the pro- 
vinces borijeriiig upun (ireecr, «sd tbelr 
knowledge ercn of tho ecnpin; of Pcnia 
wu «Iw«T8 rcry lioiited and iuiprrfcft." 

— Vol. i.'p. 3:t;. 

Does the writer mean to Bay, that all 
tile connection the Greeks and the Jews 
had with the Persian empire, was 
merely with the bordering Satrap« : 
U so. the astertioD ia very erruneau<( ; 
but whatever it may mean, it is most 
obscurely expressed. 

These remarks are not the result of 
a methodical examination, or oCadesire 
to find fault, but they have forced 
them.>ielve9 upon its, in cun-iultiog the 
work, which we have frequently done, 
and that generally with profit. So 
widea rangcof Bubjcct&isemhracedby 
the author's plan, that some errors 
were almost onavoidnble. But it is 
fair to add, that the work contaiob a 
mass of geographical, pbyaical, my- 
thological, and historical icfurmation. 
The mythology of the Hindoos is well 
condcnaed. The article on Buddha is 
least satisfactory ; indeed, it gives no 
particulars about him, but only dia- 
cuss€9 the question of his identity with 
Fu, Hermes, and Woilca, which laat 
hypothesis is encumbered with very 
great diflBcuIties. The author has 
given himself unnereHHary trouble in 
the mythological department, by msk. 
ing severaJ repetittoss under different 
heads. 

Origin tif thr Oito of Roatt. 
" It is Maid to have be«D in Lahore, 
thai chaaoe led to the diacOTcry uf the 
eiie&ce of roM. Tlie Begum, orfavoarile 
Boltana of the Emperor Sbah-Jeba\in, 
•eeUof to strrn^ben hi» passion by al- 
tachiog biiu to henelf by delightfol sen- 
satioDii, conceived the idea of batluDg in 
a pool of rose-water, and had the rvAcr- 
Toir of her garden filled with it. Th« 
rays of the lun acting ajton thia watrr, 
the essence irhi<th it runtained eoncen- 
tfvted itself in little particles of oil, which 
flnalcd on the nirfsri? in tfie baain. At 
fiml, it waa thnoglil thai this matter was 
produced by fermentation, and that it was 
a aigu ol corraption or fetidity. As they 
tried to father it in order to clean the 
bann, tliey perceived that it r-ihalcd a 
drliciou* smell. This it was liiat pcave 
the idea of extracting in future th<> es- 
sence of ro»e«, by proceascji rormtpund- 
I ing to that which nature bad employed." 
-Vol. i. p. V47. 




The English reader who wishes to 
possess a shelf of oriental history, will 
not find this work answer his pur- 
pose alone for India. Mill'n Histo- 
ry of Uritiih India supplies what is 
wanting here, while, onthc other hand, 
these volumes are more copious than 
his on all other parts of the subject. 
Most of the extracta from the Asiatic 
Researches, and other books on India, 
are given exactly, so that thia work ia 
a little library in itself. It contains 
two ronpK, the one of Ancient, the 
other of Modern India. 

Those who wish to know something 
of the author's " History of the domi- 
nion of tiie jVrabs in Spain," will find 
a notice of it (attributed to the pen of 
Sotilhey). in the first number of the 
Foreign Quaiterly Review, where it 
is highly spoken of. An eminent Afri- 
can traveller onre remarked to us, that 
It wanted advertising, in order to Iw 
better known. Hut it has had to 
struggle with neglect, as well as the 
production now before us, and the 
three thick volumes have been sold by 
the French hawkers for the deteriorat- 
ing sum of six francs. Surely, this is 
but indifferent encouragement to the 
author's projected " Historj' of Egypt." 
We hope, however, that experience haa 
taught him to correct the press, and to 
be more accurate in his cxpreaaions, 

Mmoriala of Oxford. No9. XIII. 
XIV. XV. XVI. nndXVH. 

THIS elegant work keeps up ita 
character ; the numbers now under 
review comprise Merton, Oriel, and 
Qoeen'a colleges, and the parishes of 
St. John the Baptist and St. Giles. 

In the establishment of MertOD col- 
lege, the foQDdation was laid of those 
admirable academical institutions 
which are the glory of Oxford. The 
superior mind uf Walter de Morton 
aaw the advantages arising from the 
formation of n system of academical 
unity anddiscipline. am) this he effected 
by tlie statutes which he drew up for 
tlie college which he had founded ; the 
excellence of which has been proved 
by the fact of their having been " more 
or Ic.iH copied by all other fonn- 
dern in succession ; and the whole con- 
stitution of tmtli Universities, as wc 
now behold llirm, may be, not with- 
out reason, ascribed to the liberality 




and muniiiic«ncr of this tmiy gnat 



It is {irobahlc liiMt A very Braall pajt 
of the orij^nal buihlings of the fouqiler 
u in existence at the pre»eBt time; 
iDdeed.thepnrtmnnf ihetolk^e aUuded 
to in the fnlluwiDg^ extract, maif be 
taken &3 tbe cotin rcmaips at Hie ow'u 
ginal simcture- 

" Tlicre i» rcasoD to btdieni froa tb« 
tinipUtitT of acme of the etttter portions 
of the archilertnre, wbHeh «re J*t «if- 
fidently ■luLminu'ilisble traai tive latter 
additiom.'', thar s part »f tlje ftm&LI court 
OD tiic ^ouUi Kitlt; of th£ Clupi^t railed 
Moi Qimdrmnsff. vitk tint* plua ^oidhI 
ceiling^s at the |iaen^ whic^b lead into 
it on richer eiJ^, tlic trra^ary witb its 
corioxiM higHj-pittTipd roof of stone, . 
niitat Itnve bcrn construftHl in the (v 
Aer'a time, or vpty soon aftfrwnfd™ 
-p.8. 

The flrrliiti>rtural history of Oi' 
affordii a pleasing <)onrc? uf stody : 
ancieDt building* ar? among the 
of tfaoir class, unJ the nioileni 
intigntticfnt -, butunhappily its fait' 
IB marr<n] by the natQi- of Wyatl ; 
ill-jadged im pro venae nta have '■ 
more to injure the charartcr of 
liuildings, than any other cauee^ 
Merton ttic hall " wm so i-Uere^ 
Mr. WyaEt about fortir j-earsnincc, t 
little morp tb^o the dimensions of ' 
original Btruciufd caa now be aacei- 
taincd." 

- The beautiful, though unfinbhrd. 
collegiate and purochial Choreh be- 
longici!; to this cullege, La uue of the 
treasurc^fi of the UBiver&itjr. Happily, 
it retains its ptistimv beauty undcfacfd 
by the hands of redtoreiaandinodeni- 
gothie Brchitccts. 

- Thf pari?-h of St. John (lie Baptist 
contaitit-d in its circuit no le** than 
Mventcen acajemic balls, of which 
the ntimeft and the iiitea are traced in 
the proht>rit dfscriplioin :^ — 

'* There appear to be some remaim of 
these halls, though none of much im- 
portance : the public-boQse called the 
George and Dragon aeema to have formed 
part of one of them. A large stone door- 
way and some lofty gables remind us of 
the descriptiona of houses here, which we 
tind inancient charters ; in which, ' domua 
lapidea cum gabulu lapidco,' frequently 
occurs." — p. .'10. 

'file engravings display the architec- 
tural beauties of tliis ancient college to 



pnf«ction. A wood-cut ^ewi ^ 
orii^nal plm of a groioed roof, whi 
Is rendered curiou* by the circnro- 
stance of having '^thn? \-<Kehe tignt at 
the Zodiac can'eid at the inturvectioo* 
of the libs, with the royal apm^a amt 
!.appor(er* of Ileory VH. in the 
centre." 

Oriel Coj-i-egie as a modem struc* 
tiaie. dJipIflVfl a bold atyte of airht- 
teeture. which, however faulty in il»- 
ta.il, ptesenfes inach of the charartCT 
of antiquity. 

The pame which this lestftblifhaQcnt 
b^ar* has led to moeh eoatroverBy 
among elymologistft. Mr. Hamper hai 
written a learned eiway on the Ktbject,* 
ji - *-'ch he shewf that ihe tWJW 
• "■ tips been applied to MvormI 

jn ven,' dilfi'icnt in theit 
and B»t«. Dr Ingram »ux- 

r lattfT [lart of the woi-d Orat- 
u tli« rtjiHuloif^f. Th«i *««' 
thrw tlmr^ at Ifut in M . Pwf 
_ ivyMM ]^-ili«:^. without the Ir 

titu^. Be laai(atp^n«y*»rwiji.do«. H« 

^•l^htnc. thrGrnoJui cUutr nt Un FV^ 
« lod sarT£nUcn.-cl thu etynuilaflt 
4l r. truTir U Ur mreoia. the diinlaol 
A , anil kujppiiBci it to be lyoai 

kh atrtu^ii. Mueb ii-np« xtill ' 
'or tnitrnuily j "Utd thoic wbfl 
lyivciifird, vkil] find an iactm 
n this subject in ttw Afchw 

The engravings rrpre^mt the 
front of the collvge, and the hall 
chapel; wcthink Mr- Mackeaeifw 
have done better hud hr ctioaen v 
which bad beta lc»» fpeqi»eiitly 
graved. Thv street viijw nt the 
lege^ with the iTnivcnsity C'hurr 
the distance, and the court whicl 
taidH the hal! anil chape), with i 
Tower rising abcivi: the building! 
6o fiTflilioj- to aay Oil'oid vic'* 
Jcctor^ 39 tQ becuniie comTnon-j 
ire hope that a rcpyhlioia of thit 
will not occur. 

St. Giles' Church and Pj 
are not destitute of the interest i 
is attached to every apot of this c 
soil. The Church, antient an^ 

fireserved, contains some of t^ 
iest specimens of the Pointet 
constructed in that period when 
Btill blended with the 
circular or Normao > 



* ArchiBologla» 



■ Otf^MJ 



niBTUW.' 



IOueoTthcCTigraving} is cxcetsliugly 
CommoD-pUcc ; id one coracr of the 
back ground is Uip CharcbTnwer, and 
on tbc opjKMiite ftide the KadcliSe In- 
flnnan-. a building in the [lari-ib work- 
house style; the forcgruundbcin^ occu- 
pied by Botoe ^ownsmeD and Itulies. in 
mtcnij^d, wt! |>rL-}tume, fur a memorial 
of Dxford gallantry. 
The wood-cut* shew some of the 
remarknbic feature* of the Church, the 
fine old architectural font, with itfl 
columnk and flowrr-mouldini; In the 
I early Puioted style, i» de»ervetily atiled 

! " aa clcgoiit Bod uacommon dcwga." 

A view of the " Block Hnll." oneof 
the numerous andrnt stracturc* to 
which we hare alluded undt-rMcrton 
College, furms tiic subject uf a wuiidcut ; 
it shen-s a good sncciraea of old Eag- 
liith Domestic ardiitecture of the Ifith 
century. 

The new Church erected in a dis- 
tant part of the parish, a modest un- 
pretending structure oflancet architec- 
ture of a cruciAirm plan, al&o fomiB 
the subject of a \iyneitc ; it i»8ituaied 
at Sunimcnuwn, and ita history ifitliua 
briefly given : 

" A ni^w popnUtiaD bu \ntr\y ariBen in 
tiiit <ta)iurt>. And s diotriet Cburch w«s 
crrrtrd in l^-Llat tbeexi>eose of l,6onf., 
whirb wu nu4*xl by pubUc 8ubfl«r1pCioD, 
aided by the Ctiurcb Building Soetety and 
St. John's Culk-f>e, nbo engaged to pro- 
Tide ibc olHciatuig dcrnraMu. The de- 
sign was fortunbed by Mr. Uodorwooil. 
It cootiuDsaesU for 400 pcnooa, of which 
JlKi HIT ffT'c, nml in ilrdicAteil in botioiir 
cf .St. John the Uoptwt.*'— p. IG. 

Qukxn'b Co LLBOK displays in its ar- 
chitectore a style very different to the 
numerous other eiftAbti^hmenLs in xlm 
University. If any thing could re* 
concilc us to the introduction of Italian 
architecture in a place which, from its 
anti()uity andearly a»&ociU)ou», aeemft 
above all others to call fur the aid of 
our DatiuDBl archilcctute, it would b« 
the exquisite genius of 8ir Christopher 
Wren. The name of llnwkauioor 
appears as tlic architect of the modem 
pile, but it is supposed " that the de- 
sign wafl suggested by our great archi- 
tect." There can be little doubt of the 
correctnen!) of this eupposiliun; any 
one who ift Ihiirouchly actjuaiuted with 
the difTerencc of the styles of Wren 
and hii pupil, will see at once that the 
architect of AU SoaU' lowct» did not 



■SHfVn Iff A raiBM* 



build here from his own design. It 
woald not be difficult on an inspeclion, 
to point out rhe variations which were 
introducedbyHawkamooruponthi'tirfit 
design ; his pencil, jierbapb, gavu birth 
to the screen towards the street with 
its rusticated columns, whiint in the 
front of the hall and cfaupcl. with its 
portico and tnrret, no one can fail to 
recognize the design of the architect of 
Chelsea Hospital. 1'he elegant turret, 
so familiar to all views uf the tatter 
building, appears in fac timili' at 
Queen's. We feel certain that Hawks- 
moor followed closely his master's de- 
i^i^n, and addnl or alti-rcd hat tittle i 
be felt and apprcciati-d (he vnlac of the 
works of one of the greatest architects 
the world ever produced.too highly to 
deviate materially from his plans. He 
has raised a monument memnrable to 
the fame of the man frum whom he 
derived his knowledge, and creditable 
to hi» own goiK) taste. 

For the prcseot we take our leave of 
the "Memorials." The ensuing nam- 
bers will comprize New College, and 
we shall with great pleasure return to 
the subject, with the munificent foun- 
dation of William of Wykcham. 

The Book uf Pfnallic* ; or. Summary of 
tfic Pfcuniary Pmnttira imfiicfed by 
tkf Latca of En^ltind oh thr f 'omniT- 
cial. Mnnufactnring, Trading, and 
Pniffmonal Clnntes in Ihpir tneral 
OccMjiolititm and Jituiiitv»$«a. U'itk 
a» Ahatmtt \\f the Local Attf and 
VuMtun* iff LtindoH, rftaliwlo f.'oiri- 
mercp, Trade.and Ucaid'.nce. By tht 
Author ((f /4e Cabintt Laityer, Sfc. 
8vo. 

THERE is amongst us amorbid feel- 
ing of di&coolent, which leads men to 
' lind or feign' a fault in every thiug 
established by law. The union of this 
fecltag with a desire to make a book, 
has produced the volume before vs. 
Its spirit may be judged from its title 
page, in which we learn that the law 
' intlicti>* |>eaaltic3 on the ooQimercial, 
manufacturing, trading, and profes- 
sional cliui.<(vs ' in thrir $rvrrol omtpa- 
tiatiM and fmrnuiates.* It is clear that 
this is mercmiarepreaentation. Penal- 
ties dn not attach apim the practices 
of any man in his lawful catting, but 
upon the abuse of his calling fur dia- 
hoacsl purposes, or ujwn the evasion 



I 

I 



J 



f< 



Rbvikw.^Soo* of FeHttTtkg. 




of regulations considered neceuary, 
with a view to the public health or 
safety, or to the geaeral welfare of the 
commUDlty. Every society has a clear 
right to impose restrictions upoa its 
members, Dor ought restrictions to be 
objected to. except they interfere with 
the freedom of toe subject wantonly, 
unnecessarily, and without promoting 
any general beneficial end. In the 
school of this author we are taoght 
otherwise. Penalties, which restrain 
only the di»hooeat tradesmen, are held 
up to view as if they were trammcU 
upon the fair dealer ; regulations which 
are checks only to those who would do 
wrong, are endeavoured tn l>e rendered 
unpopular by being represented as 
penaitiea to which nil men nre ob- 
noxious. Thus, for example, to take 
a few instances out of the Book of 
Penalties at random. If any person 
kills game out of season, or keeps in 
his house more than MMbn. of gun- 
powder, or falsely personates a niaffter 
or mistress, in order to give a servant 
a character or adulterates beer, or uses 
AIm or fraudulent weights or mea- 
aures, the logic of our author would 
persuade us that in paying the pcnal> 
ties inflicted upon these and similar 
acts of impropriety or dishonesty, the 
suffering tradesman is merely tcroaning 
under the inflictions witti which the 
law of England necJIc^sly torments 
'the commercial, manufacturing, trad- 
tog, and professional classes in their 
seTcr^ occupations and bosinesses.' 
The Quixotteisro of our author rouses 
him against ever}' thing in the shape 
of a penalty: flred with his subject. 
he sallifii forth to coml>at the creations 
of his imagination; and, having pro. 
bablypeniuulrd himself, he endeavours 
to persuade his readers, that ' we can- 
not travel on the highway, awing a 
gate, read a newspaper, buy a pair of 
atorkingn, receive or pay money, take 
meUiciuc, nor even engage in r(.-ligious 
worship, without being obnoxious to 
■ome overt or latent enactment scat- 
tered through tlie wide waste of the 
fetatutes at large.' It may be ques. 
tionoble whether the effrontery or the 
ttatruth of this passage is the more to 
be wondered at. T^e author mu»t 
hove placed very great reliance upon 
the credulity and ignorance of the 
public, Itrforr he coulrl ha\e ventured 
to put to print a statrmcnt which is 
S 



eriencc of^M 
the world H 



contradicted by the daily experience of 
every man. In no cuuntr)' in the world 
is there eo much individual and per- 
sonal liberty as in our own; in no 
other country does the hand of autho> 
rity so seldom interfere with the ordi- 
nary action!! nf life. If in any case* 
even with us, such interference existf ] 
unnccesfiarily, the writer who point* 
attention to the subject does the ' state 
some service;' but they who seek to 
disquiet the public mind, by represent- 
ing all restraiots as unnecessary, ore 
not friends cither to peace or good go> 
vernment. 

The execution of the work is scarcely 
less objeelionalde than iti> spirit. An- 
tiquated enactments long fallen inln J 
desuetude, lu'c called up from their I 
desened oblivion, and much matter 
which has no connection with penal- 
ties is pressed into »:rvicc with a view 
of swelling the size of a Book of Pe- 
nalties which, al'ter all, is iocouiplete, 
as it comprehends only the Statuary 
Ponaltie», and not those to which 
oflTendcrs are liable by the commCin law. 

The publication of ' shreds and 
patches' of the law is, to say the least 
of it, of very little use. A treatise 
upon any one isolated legal subject* 
like every other complete work. Is often 
highly valuable ; but a compilation 
upnn various parts of a vast variety of 
subjccbt, which have no other connect- 
ing link than a similarity of punish- 
ment, and each one of which is only 
so fur treated as relates to that punish, 
ment. does uot seem to us calculated 
to answer any ver>' beneficial purpose. 
Upon this plan wc may have a variety 
of works srmilar to the present one ; 
and as it. if of u<ie to any body, will 
be found principally useful to the io- 
formers, so we may have ' a hook of 
bard labour' for the use of candidates 
for the tread-mill ; ' a book of trans- 
portalion' for the tnetructiou of per- 
sons desiring to emigrate at the «• 
peosc of the country ; and ' a book of 
hanging' aa a library companion for 
gentlemen who fire stacks, or break 
into dwelling houses in the night time. 

Thif Erngtiah llttagf Ckurth, a S*nm^ 
prfoehni et HremhiH, WiUs, a« 
Sunday. April 20, 1834, Ay ikr Hn. 
W.L. Bowles, fcc. 
THIS la niioihcr affcclionate tHbota 

oC Mr. Bowles's attachment to oar 




veacnible and ApoatoHc Church. It 
is writlco with much feeling and ta^tr, 
ant! with a pictv that warms nnil ani- 
mates the whoU sutijcct. We must 
coofus too, that wc were Dot a Utile 

S ratified hy finding that the poetic 
ame that has so long reflected its 

I laatre on Mr. Bowlea'* productions. 

I Btitl finds shelter in the aged tioaotn of 

' the venerable [lastor. The imagination 
of the Poet, and his heuatiful associa- 
tions, ami hi:4 )>icturL'at{ue imager)', an; 
fttill to be found lighting up the »mall 
swjucstcred village, the moss-grown 
and grey tower, tlic humble and tran- 
quil domain of the Vicnr« th<i infant 
school, and ever)- thing that i« united 
with the charms and bappineiis of rural 

■ life; with the domestic virtue-i, with 
our ancient and admirablcinstitutions. 
And with all that )>upport« and adorns 
the reli^iuu and cuniititutinn of the 
State. Will Mr. Bowles pardon ua, 
if we venture to address liira in the 
Poct'a language, though we cannot 
bring to it the Poet's strength? At 
least, he will accept our »ong as the 
expression of gratitude for the many 
hours of delight which we have re- 
ceived, in commou with others, from 
the harp that still hangs in the »acred 
groves of Bremhill. 

n tkr RtT. W. L. BowLC s. ^r. 
The vernal »Bile of youth was in itji pride, 
Whca Arst thy pensive wsrbliogs met 

mine ear, [aear 

Waflrd from Doobcad; and the echoes 
Of snap too early lost ; wlieo by thy lidc 
With II BA DLftT to each gr utlr M luc allied, 
Yoan^ Russell stood, and in iu grace 

severe [fading year 

Shone BKNWKi.L'it virtaom brow; — the 
Ualb cloa'd upon itnglorie*. and the tide 
Of diatij^ul time, fraughted with ilonna 

that lower, [bower. 

Hath roU'd in dorlines* o'er the Muses' 
Breakiog down trvcb In word and fajth in 

deed, 
A nd mocUag at the pcaorfu] Poet's reenl ; 
White be, iLc fuul HaaasiAacR now on 

Creed [tower. 

TrainpW, and altar pure, and halluw'd 
BenhatI, Jtau, l»34. J. M. 



'V 



M- fl>««WHl 



^TtUn i/ Popvlar fiction. By Thomas 

Keightlcy. 

WE have been much struck with the 

iidicious reasoning, the eiteiistve in- 

bmiation, and the good taste with 

vhich this volume has been composed. 

(ir.\r, Maq. Vol, II, 



Mr. Keightl«y is cvidontty master of 
hi^ subject, and possesses a sobcmess of 
mind, whii-h hits served him as excel- 
lent ballsAt in hi« hutiiunrus fltghtsand 
gymtionti witJi the tnchnnlcd beings 
among whom he has dwelt so long. 
There is great difficulty in being able 
to trace the popular fictions and tales 
of any country or people to the sotirce; 
to Uficertaiu, if found in twn dtfTvreDt 
countries, which is to be considered 
a£ the original inventor; for, where 
the same fiction is found in cauntries 
very remote, and where any communi- 
cation of the inhabitants cannot new 
bf traced, to know whether they are 
not iudej>endeDt of each oilier, and only 
fortuitously similar, or whether chan- 
nels did not exist by which thev were 
conveyed, now choked up and hidden 
from view. Tliescarc highly interest- 
lug questions, but more eaKy to ask 
than to answer. On the one hand 
lies thL* acknowledged poverty of roan's 
im-rutit'p facuttin. when no longer ac- 
companied and t^nriched by the assist- 
auce of nature ; on the other, the im- 
possibility of tracing, or sometimes 
supposing ncnunexioo. And hence the 
dithcultv uf adjusting the ri%-«l claims. 
Mr. Keightley pursues the only sound 
and philasnphical plan ; instead of 
building up anyhypothcsis.and thiow- 
ing out daring conjectures, which hU 
succcssorwould pull down, he takes as 
wide a survey a^ he can of the hahita, 
languages, and history of all the na- 
tions whose narratives ore before him ; 
makes himself acquainted with every 
Work of ancient fiction, marks carefully 
the dtfferenrfM that exist, discovers how 
far national circumstances occasion 
such changes, and carefully draws his 
conclusion ; knowing, that when wc 
poase&s OA it were only the broken 
fragmentii of entire bodir» o( national 
literature that did eiist ; whtn it is 
difficult or impo»Hible to mark the lino 
that sepnratea hlstor)' from fable, and 
reality from fiction ; when we are ig- 
norant even of what intercourse did 
take place between nations now entire- 
ly and long seiiaratcd ; kuowing this, 
be feels how premature it would be to 
trust too mnrh to apparent ^similitudes 
of fact or language. The whole ques- 
tion lies between what is acridntal 
resemblanee and intended imitation. 
It \a needless to say huw wide thin in- 
quiry reaches, huw cxtensiiv the field 
K 



4 



Review.— ^rcAiroioj^ifl, I**/* XJCK, 



[Joly. 



ofinveatig&tioo, uid how imperfectly 
traversed. Much wiU be done as the 
ancient literatore of the different dE' 
ttfifl* i» more deeply ciplored^ and 
more properly kiiown. The ioqairy 
eitends far beyond the h&aks cf the 
Gaoges, to the waters of the Tafu* 
and the Thames. As itgfftdaally opena 
and eiponds before U3, luacy mUalerat 
viewB. will alao present theiDselKes, 
perhaps of no inferior interest ; and 
the disappearance of the cloud that 
covered the mythological fable, or alle- 
gorical tale, or poetical and ereatiwe 
fictioa, will pour its light on the man- 
uetv, parsuits, opinions, civiUxatii>ni 
the domestic habita, the comme' 
ndveBture, and thp society and goi 
ment of the countriea explored, i 
no one (juarterwe think is so mni 
to be cipecied, as from the vigo — J* 
study of the European and Orii 
languagtB, under the Orm and phli 
phicai system of etymology and e^ 
tuce, which sotoc late philologists 
80 successfully laid down — of thii 
author seema fully awate, and jj« 
indeed availed liimaelf of it. It is ]n 
fact a subject which requires as es- 
tenflive a circle of accompliBbment aod 
inforroaiioii, and mates as etrong de- 
mands upon the power of the mtad, as 
any we know. The liuguiat, the hta- 
torian, th* traveller, the potrt, the 
reasoner, and philosopher, mu«t all 
be united; and when he who unites 
the riches of this diversified wisdom. 
and aU these splendid gifls appears ; 
thtn. and then alone, the enchanted 
door» which shut the imlace where re- 
sides the Goddess of Fiction, will rol] 
back DD tlieir ivory hinges, as the horn 
is heard touched by the breath of the 
sage i and the bright and blooming 
deitj' will herself come forth, arrayed 
in all her beauty, and eiLrrendenng 
Dp her willing charmsj le^ her con- 
queror and her lover into the very 
lecrEt recesses of her abode, and resign 
to his posaessian the golden key, so 
long sought, and so long sought in 
vain. 

Anhachgia , or Miacrtlanema Traeta 
relating lo AiUifjuitg. Pxihllih'^d bif 
the Society of Antimuirin of London. 
Vol. XXV. Part 3. 

4rHcleXIV. Tie Auflo-Sagmem. 
ial tff the Dedkatum and Conm- 



trafim of Chmrckn, iihatraifd /tms 
11 Paidiftral in tkt* piiftHr lihrerf «l 
Rfiunt. By John Oage. E«l. F.R.S. 
Director. 

THE aaeienl pontificals of the 
Church Bbotiod with ceremoulala for 
the dedications of churched, of which 
Mr. Gage's essay b calculated to giTc 
us a vert sufficient general idea. 

The moat Interesting vra of t^heae 
dedications was that, when the dul- 
neas of paganista had fled before tov 
rays of gospel truth, and the fauea erf 
heathen divinities were about to bo 
appropriAted to the worship of th« 
ihriunii' Creator, 

'egory the Clreat/' say* Mr. (Ia|[flt 

totructioBK lo St. Augnftlae, " b^e 
tt destray psgui temple*, bat the 
Itbib Ihtm ; dirffctijig Uic prcrijict 
^arlAed with hoi; wdler^ kIisj-b to 
led, sod sacred rcUei U> be ie* 
I : «nd Vcaoie the Eaf^UtJi wrm 
Mned to indulgr in fniti In thcix 
llie pmdcm ppnlilff onUnnl th« 
deai»tiaa. or thr day uf thn 
J of tile KAlnCi in whow honoar 
urcli phou)4 t>e (lediicikted, ■ fratiivsi, 

the pro]jl« might U*Te mn opjxtr* J 

tonir of assembling, u beftire. in grcvn I 
ii I round their fiiTuuritc eiUttoe. andi , 

e iomethin^ of former fifslivity. llda 

■<hm^ H,e origin (jI* »or cauntry ««k>rii, nul" 
beariiiKfi, ^ttd >3hiir<;h ole^t J ' — p. 'Hh. 

The MS. LD the public libnuy 
Rauen is quoted a.s one of the ear 
forms of dedication which the An 
Ssxot) MSS. ag'ord. and sprcimei 
the character in which it is wrf 
and @r tlie ilium inatioDs, or rathe 
Itpe drawings, which adorn i(. i 
pended. 

At the dcdicatinn, th*? bishop, 
pontificals^ with the ckfgy, v 
break of day to the poffch of thf 
Jo be dedicated, aincing the i 
■" Zaccheus. make haste ar 
down ; " and twelve cnndlt 
lighted, and placed roiitid tb' 
fli the church, the Litany cor 
which was chauntcd by the 
people in nlttmotf cKtirt 
moved thrice in solemn ) 
round the building. 

Here by the way we hun, 
a pcrfL-tl 'gloflsariai def^"!*' 
aottphons n' 
were reap" 
performed 
ntpondini 



1834.] 



^H lines of Alcuin. Abbot of Tours, the 

^^M fftTourite of Charlemagne, as quotetl 

^H by Uucange, atJt rocf. 

I 

L vc 

■ ^ 




Review. — ^rcArfo/fiym, Vol. XXV. 



PreMatem erfo diem ouicti cdebremna 

OVUltM. 
Ec rteiproea Deo modnleoaar rarwuna 
Cliriito. 

Tlie rrndtr may easily conceive, by 
what follows, the fiue effect of these 
ulemo cbaunts, poured forth in the 
full flnw of barmoay by practised 
voices in the long-drawn aisles of our 
ancient temples. 

One of the deacons went into tte 
church and shut the door after him, 
the re»t rcmaJaed without; the bishop 
piing np to the door bei^n the anti- 
pbon, from the 34th F^alm, " Lift 
up your heads, O ye gales, and be 
ye lift up ye everlasting doors, and the 
king of Glory shall come in." We 
give this passage from the Vulgate, in 
preference to the formulary, as the 
more spirited translation. The whole 
then went in procession three times 
nrand the church, and the bishop, oa 
ftmving at each soccessive turn at the 
church porch, knocked three times at 
the door with his crosier, the deacon 
within the door responding to the an- 
tiphnn before reciled — " Who is the 
King of Glory?" on the third repe- 
tition of this response the choir burst 
forth in full and emphatic harmony. 
" It is the Lord of Hosts ! he is the 
King of Glory ! " Tlie deacon immc- 
diatcK'0|f€oedtlic door. The biahnpen- 
tered the church, exclaimiug, " Peace 
be to this house," &c.. and prostrated 
himself before the high altar. At the 
conclusion of a short litany he arose, 
and with the end of hi^ pastoral staff 
wrote two Roman aJphabcts upon the 
floor in the form of a cross, extcuding 
from the eastern to the western corners 
of the building. 

Next came the blessing of water, 
mixed with salt, ashes, wine, and 
chrism ; with this he made mortar for 
dostog up the relics to be deposited 
in the altar; a custom crassly super- 
stitious, and savouring of the barbarism 
and ignorance of the times, which 
' rted a spiritual faith, as far as 
*t, into on idulainius and unpro* 
-rpurc-al things. 
"^Kinihemid- 
ted it in a 
Is witii 



^^l» 



chrism in the form of a cross to va- 
rious parts, hallowed the vestments 
and vessels, belts, font. &c. &c. 

The crosses fouod on ancient altar- 
atones, or tablets, in our churches, 
which are now frequently converted 
to sepulchral purposes, were intended, 
Mr. Gage says, to mark the spots 
anointed with chriam ; he thinks, with 
grcftt probability, that this was the 
object of the crosses once inlaid with 
mt-tal, cut in the external walls of 
some churches, as of the Cathedral ot 
Salisbury and others. On one of the 
Roman pillars of New Shorehom 
Church two Jerusalem crosses are rn* 
graven. 

To Mr. Gage's essay, by woy of op- 
pcndix, is attached the " Ordo ad Be- 
nediceodam scu dedicandam basili. 
cam,"transcribedfroai the Eiouen MS. 
at length. Iliis is a very judicious ar- 
rangement; for these obsolete formula- 
ries, without elucidation similar to 
that which Mr. Gage has bestowed on 
that before us. must necessarily be 
dry and heavy in the detail. 

A7^ Ah lUmMtrationJrom the Chmrtk 
of St. John, Syranuf, to ooeonpmy 
Mr. Gaffe's Dianrtation on ikfi Angh- 
Saxon Or^monial of thf Dediattion 
OHd Comecration of Ckmrrhe*. J5y Syd- 
ney Smirkc, Esq. F.S.A, 

This is a very apposite and well- 
timed illustration of Uie precediugtrea- 
tise. The crypt of the Church of St. 
John, at Syracuse, appears to be of 
the highest antiquity ; tradition says 
St. Paul dwelt in a cave, the area of 
which is now occupied by this cr\'pt, 
during the three days that he sojourned 
at Syracuse, Mr. Smirke thinks that 
this church may really be the only ex- 
isting edifice in which Christian ritca 
were performed by St. Paul in [ktsou. 
We confess tliat we arc not disposed 
to allow this building so high a claim 
to antiquity as the first ages of Chris- 
tianity; the capitals of some piers in 
tlie edifice exhibit, it is true, a classic 
style of ornament, but on one of them 
is an eagle with a glory round his 
head, the symbol of St. John. When 
were the symboU for the Apostles first 
adopted ? Not, we apprehend, in the first 
period of the church, i. e. during the 
life-time of the Apostles, its primitive 
teachers ; doubtless they had thetr 
origin from those distinctive marks of 



I 
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4 



^ 



Review, — Arch^logia, Vol XXV. 



tJay^ 



theraurmintitcHng spirits or chrrubim 
desctilied in tho 1st chapter of Kzekiel 
and the 4th of Revelations. Vnritius 
crosses are iiiKculped on the wnlU of 
sever&l pftrta uf thin building; to one 
over ft corbel Mr. Smirke requests par- 
ticular attention, it bearing a Latin 
iaecfiptioD, which we thus jcnder — 
" The upper crosi ia modem, but the 
rest arc older, and jioiiit out the 
marks of ecDsecrationof thi»nio»t an- 
cient church, than which Sicily con- 
tains, nn other ofa grrater age." 

Two etching, from highly mtereat- 
ing Bliclchea of the cr)-pt above de- 
cribod, and its superstructare, accom- 
pany Sir. Srairke's pai»cr. 

XVt. An acrwnt nf a Di»Vf>my tit 
Hfjrhom, in the Couuty 'if Northtm- 
hfTloMt/, of a Braat I'nttl, containing 
a unmber of /Ae A»^lo-Stu»n Coina 
caiM Stycas. Commnmcfl/pc/ fry John 
AdamsoD, Ksij. F..S.A. txmd. and 
Edinb. Ace. &c. 

The sanctity of churches and 
churchvartl*, respected in the ravages 
of war by Christians of all parties, the 
ab»olute privileges of sanctuary which 
attached to them by pajuU decrees, are 
ctrcumstanceB sufficient to account for 
the hoards of treasure which from time 
to time have been discovered within 
their precincts. From the time of the 
Saion kicgs, they alTurdetl to all fugi- 
tives protection for themselves and 
tlieir pruprrty.* Matthew Paris, the 
eminent chronicler of a later period, 
Bpeakingofcertain internal commotions 
in the year I3'21, the 5lh of Henry 111. 
says, " [lominee ad ccclesian convo- 
lantes bona sua in cuemitrria detule. 
runt." 

Ttie circumstances of the fleiham 
hoard seem to designate the existence 
of a church on the spot in the Saxon 
limes, to which the more modem edi- 
fice succeeded ; or doca the name Cam- 
pey Hill poiot at a fortress, perhaps a 
stnmg lower, belonging to the church, 
and employed for the security of Its 
treasures and of those of the neigh- 
bouring inhabitants, in times of inroad 
and commotioD. DoriDg the operation 
of making a fjvte. Mr. A. proceeds 
to relate uiat uie Trasel containing the 

• See K«npe'» " Hirtorical Nutirea of 
SL Msrtm Ic Uraod," under Pririlege of 




foinn wa« struck ; their total nomber 
might be estimated at about 60On, 
the greater part of which were se- 
cured from Bpoliotion. Tlie Teasel 
which contained them was a sort of 
brazen pail, ten inches and Ihrce-quor- 
tcrs high, the diameter at the bottom 
nine Inches three-quarters, at Uie top 
seven inches, the thickness of the sides, 
where Ica^t corroded, was about one- 
twentieth of an inch ; the details of the 
handle and oftheomaments which were 
attached to the upper portion are cu- 
rious, and the whole are well elucidated 
by two engravings. The interlacing 
cord work, which appears on many 
ancient crossem, with two rude heads 
at the points of union of the handles 
with the body of the pall, coostitutc 
the characteristics of the decoration; 
an ornament of interlacing tracery 
sttikingly simitar may be seen on the 
cross of IrtOD Church, Cumberland, 
and there can be tittle hesitation in 
referring such works to the SaxoD age. 
Tills Vessel we take to be a spocimcn 
of the ancient Aaaoper, which derived 
lis name from tho cars or handles by 
which it might be carried or suspended 
(Teutonic hanfert. It waseithera drink- 
ing TCiMcl when small, or a depositorr 
for treasure when large. We have still 
a relic of the term in hamper, a Uaaket 
with two handles. 

The Hexliam stycas. on analysis, 
by Mr. Johnson, Reader of Chumiatry 
at the University of Durham, were 
found much to resemble in their me- 
tallic compound what Is termed Corlo. 
thian brass. A coin of iCanred, of the 
moneyer Monne, weighing 16. 5S grs. 
gaTe tin coloured by gold 4.34 gra.— 
silver O.Il grs. — copper "0.J4 gra. — 
zinc 19.24 gm.; the scries of coin com- 
mences wiUti Hcardulf,or Hanlulf, who 
waacrowned Kingof Northumbc-rland. 
A.D. 790, and closes with Vigmuod 
(Wimund), Archbishop of York, who 
died 8&4, after having occupie<l tlie 
see seventeen years. Mr. Adam«on 
is inclined to fix the year 8G7 for tlw 
concealment of the treasure, a year 
memorable for the invasion of Nortli- 
urobria by the Dane», snd for the bat- 
tle at York, in which the latter were 
successful, and followed <. ' -<: 

vantage by a dreadful rjit 
solation throu:' '' ■.•.! ■'■■ 

IxicL Thii vii • *r 

Aog]o*Saxon li>>i-^ir. •:> "tw^ 



ft number of beautifully executed plates 
tw£ter the coins. 

AiDoug the unccrUin coins, three 
(sre founJ wirh Kudi Rex on the re- 
erse; we sug^ft thnt by « flight 
BDspnsition this might be read Edwy, 
Dr Edwin. 

AT//. A Letter from John Gage, 
Dirrrtor, accampanyiag J-^lractt 
the ihttfkald Book t^f EdM:aTtt 
•/((Jford, Duk* of Buckingham. 
Thill DobtcmaD wu attainted of 
Itreftsoa in the veax Ujl (the 13tb of 
iHenry Vni .},wFio. »ay» Lord Ilei bcrt,* 
l^'einioeat for hiB blood itnd large re> 
enue, drew on bitUM-lf a dangerous 
■u»picion, which, though it wa» again 
'Dmented by the Cardinal (Wol»ejr), 
Kwho disaffected him fur some speeches 
! had Cft»t forth, yet could not have 
veithrown him but that »om8 indis- 
^ cretion of his own concurred." Wo 
do not, remarks Mr. Gage, "follow 
him to this castle (his neat at Thorn- 
bury) for the sake of penetrating the 
mystery banging over hi» lost days. 
but to obaerve him in happier time». 
when he kept house here, and was 
calUd, 

" Boonlrotu BuckinRltun ; 
The mirror of all courtesy. 

Hwm. Vllt. AH.Jf. Snw\, 

This wcarc in some degree enablt-d to 
do, by opening the pages of the Staf- 
ford Household Book for the Christ- 
mas quarter iit the year 1507. a va- 
luable n-cord belonging to the Right 
Hon. William Lord Bagot, whose auni- 
mar7 of the contents thereto prefixed 
is inserted by Mr, Gage, before certain 
extracts from the record itself; and 
which affords a clear account of the 
contents and value uf the MS. 

" This houseliold book of Ettwsrd Staf- 
ford, Duke of backiuKbsju, contains cn- 
trira of bijiuckc^uini; rspcnacs from Nor. 
5th. i* Henry Vil., lo the 2-2d of Msrrh 
foUowing. Ths Csmily daring thnt lime 
were chieBv la residniee nt Thontbiiry 
Caittr, in tbc County nf (iloueesler ; but 
from the iHih of Jsnusry to the Stitb of 
febnury risited the metropolis antt itH 
ftdgbboorbood. Tbo sccouat is irrittrn 
in the rlerk-like hsoii sutl sbhmialrd 
Ijrtin of tbc pcrioj, atiil irxbibits Moh 
dar*s czprDdilure of prurmuni, with the 
WW of the same ru^wctiTdy, aadcr the 



*orucBrrViii.p. i<M. 



heads of pantry, cellar) bntlery, kitcheo, 
chandlery, and stable The deliveries 
fnmi the pttotry courist of loaves aud 
maoehcts : and those frotn the cellar of 
wises ; whilit ale was supplied from die 
buUery ; tueat and salt fi»h (de staoro 
dotutai), with arliatcs or frcab prorisioas, 
cnni« under the head of kitchen de- 
liveries; the rhanillery supplies Parisrsn- 
dlea. sizes, prickets and quarriars ; to these 
is added ao item for fuel, in iroal and chor- 
coid, to tbc halt and parlour (caineia). 

" In thf marftin is rei(ubirly noted the 
amouol uf thr iinliviiluslii at dinner and 
sapper, undirr the claxscH of geiwriiM, or 
gentry; Talerri, or oppcr nervhDts ; and 
Kaicons, or grooms ; which are added to 
the names of the principal (fuenu and 
nsmber of rbrir Bttcmluita. tJthcr in- 
ferior characters are likeulM! thus re- 
corded, as a hermit, a boodman, a jntoer, 
a brickmaker, an embroiderer with two 
assistants, a Bristol gold«nuth, and two 
bardwaremeDi Ac. most of the artificers 
beinc required to prepare for Christmai, 
wbico appears to have brrn kept with 
most magnificent hospitality during the 
whole twelve days. 

"The feast of the Epiphany was cele- 
brated by a |utrty of four hundred and 
fiftr-niae, out of which one hundred and 
thirty.fonr were gentjy. The whole cn- 
tertainni«nt is worth specifying, but some 
idea respecting it* abundance may be 
conceired, when thirty-rix rounds of beef 
are mcotiosed among tbc more substan- 
tial articles of prorislou. Tliis pntrr. 
tidnment (in which the extrs terviceii of 
two Bristol coolts were required) was t 
Ih-cncd by the presence of four play 
from Wrr^aill, the seat of the Dnke'al 
brother-in-law. the Earl of NcMlhamber«| 
land, who compiled the well known 
Nortfanmberland household hook, which, 
though valonble as a code of somptuary 
lawi, is far 1<** interesting than the 
picture of actual life exhibited in this 
volume. 

"In tlie journey lo Lcmdon, the party 
coniisted of twenty gentry, with fonrtee^j 
upper and twrniy-nine lower «tm-anta,1 
nuking a total of sLxty-lhrcc |irrson%l 
their route lying through Chip|»rDhan,] 
Mar1boroui;b, Newbury, Reading. Cohul 
brook, aud Brentford. ProrieioDS for Ihita 
journey, which Lwted four days, wer«^ 
|>artly carrie<l. and partly purchased on 
the roai). I'he lord> horses on thii oc> 
cosion were twenty-eight ia aumber, and 
those ofhis ft«n-ant4 fifty. nine ; the former 
are described as four courMrs, eight hob- 
hie^, three sumpCrr horses, one mail 
horse, seven carnage horses, four hack- 
nies. and one for a groom. 

" Hichmond woa a place occanionstly 



^ 



RfiVlRV."^- 









y«l¥ 










isgi^ina 



I 



ftTt 



M«*llii fowl "' ~x \. \»sDa, ii""". , 






I 



Glover ^^t^ ^d "^^- ^ 
E.q. D"b¥.|SJ^ been more fo;- 



J*"( record »f ;;^^ht .vi- 
last fo^n V^ perb>*Viir« tj»' ^ ^ 



183-1.] 



Review. — Glover's HUtory of T>erbyshirt. 



% 



WhcD wc look at what has been 
printed respecting DcrbyBhirc. the con- 
trast ia great. Beside Camden, and 
the additions made by his editors, 
which have disli^red and almost de- 
stroyed his own truly classical work, 
and the old Magna Britannia, there 
was noattemptatany gRncrnl dc^crip. 
lion of the county, till Mr. Pilkiogton 
undertook the work ; and what he 
produced, which was in two octavo 
volamcs, left still almost every thing 
tohedesired. Mr. Davics added some- 
thing to thu labours of Filkio^n. but 
neither can bis work be regarded as 
coming within the description of re- 
gular topography. Then came Messrs. 
LysoDs's volume on Derbyshire, a por- 
tion of their intended new Magna 
Britannia, and this is by far the best 
book which has yet appeared concern- 
ing the county, and will satisfy many 
inquirers. Hat the plan of the Magna 
Britannia did not admit of those minute 
details which nrr essential to lopogra- 
phv; and the alphabetical arrangement 
which was adopted, pn^ctuded anything 
approaching to a scientific distribution 
of the subject, and to that unity of 
which we think that topographical 
works are as susceptible as any other 
species of literary composition. 

Nothing more has been done in re. 
spect of the whole county till now ; 
and we have now before us a portion 
of what promises to be a much larger 
work than any of those which we have 
named, and to contain much more in- 
formation. Two large and closely 
printed quarto volumes are before 
us, and yet they arc but a small por- 
tion of the whole design. The work 
appears in parts, and the two volumes, 
which are very diflfercnt from each 
other in respect of the nature of their 
contents, haue been in progress at the 
same time, and the work is still pro- 
ceeding, the two portions of it advanc> 
ing -pari ptuxu. 

The firat of these two volumes, a 
goodly ipiarto of 36fi pages, and 110 
pages of Appendix, is only the tirat 
part of the tirst volume. It contains a 
general geographical description of the 
county, including accounts of all those 
natural phenomena heretofore called 
" wonders," and of the natural pro- 
ductions of Derbyshire. The botany 
and natural history follow, with the 
agricoltuce and breeding of cattle ; wc 



71 



have then a chapter, one of the best 
on sucli a subject we remember to 
have seen, on the rise and progress of 
the various manufactures which have 
existed within the limits of the county. 

The sixth chapter relates to the 
Druidical and Roman remains ; the 
ancient roads and camp^ ; to which, 
though out of its place, is added what 
the authors have to say on the church 
architecture of Derbyshire, and the 
various matters uf minute detail in the 
fabric of the Derbyshire churches. We 
find in this little that is new. for it is 
taken in the map from Lysons. 

The next chapter contains what is 
always an agreeable part of local histo- 
ries — notices of rural customs, amuse- 
ments, superstitions, and the like. We 
are thankful for the information given, 
but we think that a close observer 
among the peasantry, especially in the 
Dortliern and wilder parts of the coun- 
ty, might have remaiked many other 
notions or practices which would pro- 
perly have found a place in this chap- 
tci. The peculiar dialect uf the ge- 
nuine Derbyshire peasant should have 
been described in this chapter. 

We have next a hundred pagea cod- 
taiuing ageneral history of the county. 
brought down to the close of the reiga 
of ^Iward III. In this, which we 
regard an essential portion of any to- 
pographical volume, the great difficulty 
IS to hit the just medium between the 
meagreness of a narrative which shall 
consist nf nothing but what iclaies 
immediately to the district, and that 
diffused mode of treating the subject, 
in which what ought to be the prin- 
cipal object is too much kept out of 
sight by the introduction of what be- 
longs not so much to the history of 
the county as of the country at large. 
We have here too muchof history that 
has no particular relation to Derby- 
shire ; while we miss what, as it ap- 
peant to us, ongbt to have made a con- 
spicuous and principal feature — a dis- 
tinct view at the distribution of the 
county among the fullowers of the 
Conqueror. We should have liked to 
have seen how the lands lay in respect 
of the old division into hundrvda of 
the Ferrers, the Peverel. the Musord, 
the Deincuurt. and the other fees. It 
is only by an attention to this point. 
that a topographer can convey to the 
reader with any distinctness, eith«:l^^aK 



I 
I 



I 



I 



A 



72 Review. — Glover s Derbyshire. — WUite's Church and School, [July,] 



geopral state of a couuty in the vhoie 
of the feudal period, or the particular 
history of single parishes or manors. 
The alphabetical table Id the Appeailix 
does not meet the case. 

Here ends the first part of the first 
vottinie ; and theic ts promised in the 
second part a coDtinuation of the 
general history to the present lime; 
a chaptpr to he devoted to what is 
called the statistics and government of 
the countv ; another on the ancient 
genealogical history ; and an account 
of Uie eminent perbooo who have been 
nativca of the county, or who have 
spent the greater part of their lives 
wittiui its limits. 

Ttic Appendix contains some useful 
tables, together witli uthcr papers, as 
the Battle Abbey Rolls, which are 
soroeivhat out of place. We have some 
good information here nioccrning the 
civil warA, chiefly from the memoirs of 
his own life, left by Colonel John Cell, 
the most active person in tlie ^county 
at that period. 

'ITiB second of the two portions of 
this work is called the first part of the 
second volume ; here we enter on the 
descriptions and histor}* of the various 
towns, parishes, villages, and hamlets 
of the (.ountv, which are arraoeed in 
ibe alphabetical order, this portion of 
the work containing Ajj.ncy — Derby. 

Great praifie is due to the authors 
for the rolleciion of so much infonna- 
tion not before pubtislied. It is, to 
be sure, preu-oted without much at- 
tempt at composition and arrange- 
mcot ; but it IS something to have ia 
any form information of greater or le»s 
curiosity and value, for which we 
ahould search in vain elsewhere i pedi- 
grees, which seem tu be carefully com- 
pilt-U, and the monumental inscriptions 
df the county, are here given a more 
permanent existence than the 6tone, 
marble, or brass to which they may be 
committed can secure fur ihcm. 

At the tarae time, we r^ret that so 



tarti 
tluW 
tialS 
'th^ 



much valuable information has 
been placed in the hands of nome per- 
son wL)o possessed the power of coi 
hining it into a topographical history^ 
in such a manner that tlic read 
might be presented with a view of thg; 
distribution of the county and the rxi 
relation of the acvernl portions of it. 
to the appointments made at the Cod> 
quest ; and we cinoot hut feet a want 
of coQgruity among the several parti 
of the work, and a deficiency " 
Bpeci£!ftof knowliHlgcwhich is esacntii 
as we think, to the chanicter of 
topographer : thus we have a strangt 
ignorance of the language of heraldry 
at p. 303 ; Latin in a state of the roost 
hideous corruption at p. 299 : *t |>> 
77 it would seem that the authors had 
heard of "Charities." but oot of 
"Chantries;" while at p. 41 they 
speak of "the Hnrleian Manuscript" 
a<t if there was some one manuscripl 
■o denominated. There are also p*gM 
in which they liave takrn without ac- 
knowledgement the wurds of othen, 
interweaviugthcm.audthe iufurmatioa 
which they convey, with their own 
narrative. 

We repeat, however, that we ve 
sensible of the value of the Informatioa 
which is here gathered together ; and 
especially for the curious particnlan 
concerning Chatsworth, the glory et 
Derbyshire, both In respect of'tlM 
great improvemonta on the origloal 
mansion made by the first Duke of 
Devonshire, as to those which have 
been made by the present Duke. 'With 
the account of Ashboam we are less 
satialicd ; the writers seem not to have 
been aware how beautiful a eub^ 
was thrre presented to thena lor th« 
pen of topography. 

Tlie book ia Appropriately inacfibed 
to the Duke of Devonshire, and hu a 
list of subscribers which might etdtt 
the envy of men who have broq|^ 
equal industry and isu|)eriar know|«^ 
and attainmenta to the aame autqicl. 



, CAmrvA and Selmoi. A Oialofme m 
Verse. By tkt Rtv. Junes While. I'iror 
^ Laslrjf, — Aft'e l>rrr<uve ibst nnr coo- 
tODponry, the T«ilBr, romiiam Mr. 
Vhuc'i vrne to CV«A*r'*, aiwl ukes the 
opportanity of nyini that Ct-aMt dis- 
gncedhiBiMlfbyllirttcirinKtbnrvr in power; 
neither of dwM aswrliims is true. 
9 



Mr. Viliite's veraes do 
Crabbe's, bat tbry do rt^^ 
pooM ia rhyme ; aud, ■< ■ 



But 



Itratttuiie 
rJrvcr puem. 

minlr *pirit. 

pf.' 



nnt l1iiiti'i'\ 1 

'111 'I'lUOTMini 

oiol. If Mr 



1834.] 



Mi*ivtlaneov$ Reviem. 



jroting man, wr nu^itr wrll' of Itiii Tuture 
|towrni ; but wc Uunk bU rccUnt; lowmJs 
tb« Charcli is not quite ku liberal and 
lauidid u it might be ; Knd thatcbr Doctor 
who IB suppoerd to rcprfwnt the hiyh 
f'kftrch, enU 9 foiry fii;in*. Thn EaIs- 
blislicd Church hu bccro defidebt. it \% 
true, in its aiHiution to SchoolB ; but the 
CAarcA in not \hv. Clrryy ; and it is aritli 
ihc Membm nf the C&arcfi, anA not with 
tht CUrgy, thiit the hUine lies. The 
i^itrgj Dave hail nn funds, the DiMaenting 
CUrgy luive ; nothing in paid U.* the C'lerij)- 
of the E«tablishrd Oiurrh but what the 
iav hu fiven ; the voluntary support it 
*tn^l indviNl. Wr ure writing close to a 
iRTfre town in Suffolk, where the hoiue- 
bojderi, opuVat Ahopkerpeni, and trades* 
men, who have realized money, not ooljr 
frrtiuent the Churdt, but orcujiy the bnt 
pc w§, and ha? e the benefit of the minislerial 
officer, absolutely contributing nothing 
whatever towards it. There are thoiie in 
that town, who have for half a century re> 
pilarly attended the Church, and claimed 
pMaeRKion of its Ur^M and mo«t cunvB< 
nient xittingK, buried their n^lativm, hap- 
lized their children, received the ttacra- 
meot;, attended the serrires, aadsbsoluce- 
ly without a rtlmking conscience have 
beea contented to partake these Cbnu- 
tian t>eaefit«, without a tingle mite being 
thrown upon the cold und dcMrted altar 
of their God, or a «ofllc tribute of respect 
and love to the miniMler who lived among 
them. Were wc to-morrow to pmpoae 
to the pariah in which we live, to estabtiBh 
a parochial Sunday •Bcbunl, we tthould not 
|Tt the Bubecription of a aiade shUliag. 
Why then is the blame to be obrown upon 
the Ctfrgy, who are alwajd wllUog to lead, 
vhen other* coniwnt to follow ? 



Olympta AfonUa, her Lift aud Writ. 

ingM,~-T\i}n in the history of a plooa, 

brantiful, and learned lady of Perrara, the 

counterpart of our Lady Jane Grey. She 

(vaa the friend of Kent-e, tiie daughter of 

l^nis \II., and wife of Iterculea Duke 

of Ferrarn. At length, persecuted for her 

religion, and sUgfaled by lier proteetrea*, 

•lie woH fortunate enough to marry a most 

virtuou* enli^tened German of the name 

of Andrew flrundler, with wbum ihp lived 

in hnppinctiH and conlideocc for the space 

of live years, and then, to the grief of all 

who knew her, fell a victim to the hard- 

' thijM *he endured in the miafortUDea of 

her ndopted country, and was taken to the 

I company of the itaints in Heaven lo the 

r49tfa year of her a^'. in the year I55,S. &t 

Ijlddelbarg. The works of this accom- 

l|>Ushed woman have long since sunk into 

^Biom nvAiters of curiosity with the tearn- 

Gr.sr. Mjkii. Vol. J], 




ed ; but the piety of her life, the sweet- 
ncAs of her dit^poiiition, the purity of her 
conduct, the integrity of her eon«cieoc«, 
are »till fragrant in the memory of the 
good; and this work, executed by a lady, 
will eiteiid the knowledge of the learnrri 
Olympia beyond the nnrrow cinrle of 
tluisc who alone were ac(|uaintt'd witli her 
hinlory before, in the Latin work of 
A'a//eniwr. 

Sacred Sougg; beiaif an ettemj/ttd Pt. 
rapkraite an wome Porfiofu if Scriftture. 
By a Laytnati. A A^eiv Editiwi. 13mo. — 
These poemM are written with feeling and 
taste ; the vervitication i> melodious, the 
esprMHinn elegant and correct, and the 
whole u eolightcned by n sincere and de- 
vout nffccliuu. Wc will give two sped* 
mens. 

Tfi MY wirs. 

More than twtHig years after Marriage. 

I loT'd thee dearly in thy glow of youth, 
Vtliea health, and hope, and smiles were 

on thy brow ; 
1 lov'd thee dctirly then, but better now: 
For Time, that dims thmc eye, hath shewn 

thy truth 
More excellently fair. Oid til betide, 
Care wring my loul, or weakoesK waste my 

friunt', fsain*-— 

In every change I found Ihte still the 
A gcntU- friend, and L-omfnrtcr, and guide. 
And now from home and thev so for npirC. 
With not ■ voice to soothe — a smile to 

cheer, 
I feel thy worth in abupnce doubly dear, 
And press thine image closer to my heart ; 
Asking nfHearen how I shall find amends 
For failh. for love like thine, ihou be-st of 

wivea and friends. 

lutrriptiau on a Monmrni, erected by « 
tMot&er wer her children, trhom Mht 
ntrviced. 

All, all arc gone '—the good, the fair. 
All lost in Life's sweet bloom ; 

And she, whose age might claim their care, 
Survivea — to raise their tomb t 

Then hush, fond hearts ) — vcwha have not 

A parent's rapture known ; 
And if ye envied once my lot. 

Now letm to blemi your own. 



I 



TAe Curate qf Martdtn, or Paaioral 
COHPertatiOHt between a Miniittr and kit 
ParithiOfHCTM. By E. M. AtterreD.— An- 
other good little volume, from the author 
of Fanny Msioa and Peggy Morgan, sod 
other works that will promote the piety 
and improve tlic rirtaes of the village and 
the cotto^. 



74 



Misceliaitfous Reviews. 



7%e hearnalhm, amit othrr PttttHt. Bff 
Thomu Rags- Second Ediliuu. — Tlirre 
U • giwl dfial of piety, aud iom*wli«t of 
poetry, in thi» U(1I« volunif ; »nd the nu- 
Thor, tbt>u)El> c^idt'titly not a ponun oi 
leu-Qintt. posaciwcs n tnlernbly good Mr 
for bliuk venie. We will girt 

•ONNRT TO THE KTKNIMO »TAR. 

Bright Star of Ev«n, thy delightful rny 

Is luvrly to my si^ht — I love thy hour, 

1 love the duaky'twiliKht'fl Nilken grey. 

Aodev'D theitirngthof it« eDchuitiuK 

power. [hrcezf 

For prao; to me teemi whiipViiMt in r^rh 

Thit beara thy iuflQeuce, u the irum out 

dfty [trees. 

Sioks on ttis cradle-bed ; and brooks, itnd 

And wAving com-fieldf their wotl mu»i>; 

pUy [dwtU 

To hill tbe« to rt'poM. pMce swbu to 

On every tongue. The gnuiiV inAuntsin 

blKh, 
The dark'ning valley, and the rocky d«>l. 
All cprak the Rclf-Miiic note; xrbilr 
briicht the -iky, 
Enltvea'd by tby beam, look* mo serene. 
The rariahcd foul miglit think these ne'er 
bad Seea. 



il n impoxCiblr to bring forwaril any me*- 
Kure tliai wiiuld inccl the Dp|>roval of alL 
Mr. Wakehcld conpid^r* llic law-Bcr^wiUi 
(a> tlic judntf) much ovcrpwd. aod hr 
bnK drawn out, for the Mtijifactioo of ike 
vkiffn, a tabic of tkv oinouDt which Lord 
Grey and his family have derived froB 
thn DatioB in the short space of thrcv 
yearn ; aad which amonati to the triftiiig 
fum of ab<ml two hlndred and rtrrr 
THotTNAN'D rotNDN. Hv considers tbe 
Post-office tohave been very badly managed 
by the Duke of Kichnitrod ; aitd Ibc Cotn* 
misKiODcr* of Uie Inaolveat Debtor'! 
Court, to be perBon« of no koowlrdge or 
capnctty. ThcfC in much truth in maajr 
nf Im "remark*, but niwcd up with Uo 
much of lb« almofit pvrsonttl hitt«me>i of 
the Kj^rormer by profexniott. 



Putlie Rxpmditure apart from 71u«- 
tion. lJ}f D. WnketiPld, juD,— The ob- 
ject of Mr. Wuketield'j book is one 
which alt persons must approve ; tlur 
gsncrml priuci|)lr uf " jh^'^ik publu; aer- 
vaata iu prupurliun lo ihe duty per- 
formed," il certainly the only juit iirair, 
but it il no conftantly dii^MirlHrd by dtf- 
ferent cauw-*, tliat it is arldjim able tu 
bring the iterfet^tion nf itn throry mio 
practice. Mr. Wakefiebi conHiiterA all 
the differrac bnaahea of gnremment ex- 
penditure, iMtedhig the law aad the 
church, as well a» those direclly paid by 
the atate, aa the public offices. His ob- 
werratioiia on the une<]Ual diiitrfbiitinn of 
the revenues of the ( hun-h, and nn thn 
great disadvantage* that ariKe from it, tn 
IB IK'alcs mure particularly, are full of 
truth ; but how to remedy the eril. u not 
•uily to he diwrovered. A zealous church- 
maa aaya, " let Government buy up the 
lay p«(ri)nagr. and brstow it tm the 
Church, thus brinirine the diotnbution of 
its revenues to a greater e(|uality, and 
Uunnn^ reakleDoe." A le^n attached and 
more tiiriiil m«n Mya, " take front the 
catbcilrolft, and chapters, and large livings, 
and give to the small." A DbiseDter cries 
ool,^* takeaway tbeChurcb'scxcluiivcpri- 
Tilf^fca, and place us all on one footing." 
The Raillrat excUim*. " cut il down n>ut 
and faranrh, tWtrni it nlto^rthrr, it is a 
|ieal to the land." ^^'hcn (here !■ nich n 
swHaneholf dhvnlty of o|ilali>B eiiiUng. 



I 



7'Ae /Vofu-i qf Puek. 3 *o/a.— W. 
iMppusc this work to be the am 
uf nomt Cocrlious tiojourner at Co 
or Ryde, to lieccive, aa beat he could, tba 
dark autuiuniLl davi. They arc not drvolJ 
of a peculiar kind of wilil iincliartered 
drollny; and the little goblin friar*. a*d 
fat monka, and the demuuH of the wise 
n:1Ur, with Puck himself as their mu- 
narrb, may amu** thoite who, (H>nfinr4l ta 
the delight* nf bnthing towns and walci 
ing pUccK, are sadly in want nf ment 
mtreaCtitn. 



Ita^ 

1 



TAe 1 'ottiif/ Sefr. Btf EUiabeth FraneM 
Oagley. — The hiMuryof thcmiafortunesaf 
• young Indy, ariiting frotn the cowtral 
which a gipsy woman gained o\v.r her, bf 
acting on her credutity. The moral ta, 
that a more I'hrianan spirit and • mOft 
attentive education, would ba\e sn ren- 
lated her priurtples, and strcnKthcned oar 
mind, and elevated her hopes, and pvri- 
lied her heart, that she would not hava 
been open to the artificea nf the cnBnwg 
£gy]iliiui, or suffered so deeply from \m 
own indiacretiun. 



Mltcelltuty f^ Sattttal Hiatory . (PW' 
roiti. iJy SirTliODia? U. Lauder owc/Carpt. 
Brnwn. — ThiK pleahiwg little voltuiM* oe«* 
taimiashnrt and latiTcntiug nccount of IW 
Life of Audvhou, the icrcat AmctleiB 
omithulngiiit, and a prrfat-c on the pfaf^ 
col characters, the intellntual «nd IraW 
tive powers, and the geographical diiCli- 
button of the parrot tril«. The pamUM 
may be sejiorated iulo two greni divL 
llioM of lite Old and New World. 

Old — Cockatood, Parruta. LfOria*, 
mkt-etp. 

New — Kmt, or Maccnua, 
Cnks. Pupinjaye. 

The Lories inhabit the MnliieeaK* N 
Guinea, and the other Asiatic 



t834.] 



Mhcptianeoas Rei*Uws. 



m 



k 



anil do nut oroir in Amrrim ; 4fi(l owing 
to thrir powrrrlcss Hl^bltf, tlieir migMtiun* 
arc v<-ry ronfinrj. There is a short tailed 
pAirakrpt in Suutb Amerii-u cidiL-fl tlie 
loruit, which ift the iiinsllesC of the tribe, 
not beiD^ Lar^r than a hauae «parraw. 

Baffon cunfintMl tfait grogrsphiral raoge 
of paiTOta to twenrf.fire degrees on each 
niita of thff Bqiiator ; l>Qt the fallicy of 
this opinioD bna be^n proved by The (lis- 
coveriea of later travellers. Two f-nn* 
were seen in Trinity Harbtrar, South 
Seat, lat. 41». ?'. Mr. Pouter met with 
two kJntU, as low as Port Famine, in 
Iho straight! of MiigclUn. lat. .Vt". 44'. 
notith : the foretitu being frequently bound- 
«d with tnountaiiu coTcred with eternal 
<tnow. The range of rheif wetlfru buan- 
dnrjr is Hb«int 9(1 miles to the fustward of 
the province of Meodota. near the pout- 
hoiueii of Las Calitait ; and they are found 
as far eant an the Rio Qoartn, 'in the pro> 
vince uf Cardona, about 3.^0 milee to the 
eastward of Calita^, Nearly 300 spi-cies 
i>f this 9]ik-ndid geotu of birila hare been 
described by naturah^rM. It is said that 
carh confines iti^clf within its cnm par- 
tieular district of thtf fort^t, mthout ever 
intrnding on tlie territory of any other 
species. 

Before we ronrlude. we must mention 
nnc slight mistake (hat occurs in p. 138, 
where WB road. " This is the bird which 
was known in early Umea in Britain by 
the oaaw of Popinjay. In the rvii^n of 
Htnry tht f\fi^, a sinpiular ^xxm was 
written hy Skutton, under the title of 
• Speak Parrot,' in which thf extteotial 
eharaclera of thi» specieH ore well de- 
scribed." PerbapK tht learned editors will 
transfer the date of this poem to a tater 
rngn in their next edition. 

A Popitlmr rieiP ^f th* OnrHpon. 
^enet MtPtmt the Moaaic RUual, ana Ikf 
Faet§ and I}oclriHnt fifths Chri*t%in Ht. 
/iffion. iu A'lHe l)i»er,tmim. By the Rrr. 
William (ir<*«wfll, A. M. — A very intel- 
ligrnt, well -written, aud welI-reaj«o»cd 
volume, on a subject which hiis exercined 
the piety, and pcrliapa cxhaastcd the 
IraminB; of many good scholars. Mr. 
GrenwcU has modeirtly called his rolnme 
a " Popular View," and in his preface 
he stiys, " He had no view in the pri- 
mary contemplation of bis undertak- 
ing, beyond that of endeavouring to 
excite a new interest in an old and fa- 
miliar fubjecl. and to exhibit acknow- 
ledged and uiii|Uf;stionable truths in a 
popular and intrlUgiblc light, for the 
benefit of the simplvst anderstamling. 
The rcligtonx wo;ta most not tlicreforc 
expect to rind much that is novel in the 
prrwiu volume." It wiU be evident Utal 



thix m a work, the merit of which cannot 
be f.vhibitrd by any ithort ipiutatjoasi 
which sn; HiiifahU- only, where brief di- 
viition!) of argument may he expounded, 
or facts reoor^lerf, or brillinncy of styifi 
and thought exhibited : but those pcrmni 
who will read the third and fourth diK- 
courses on the sacrificial in*ititutioiis of 
the Jewish law, nnil the Ilir»e la^t on 
the feasts of the Passove r, Pcnlenwt, and 
Tabernacle, will be satisfied with the man- 
ner in whicli they are treated, and which 
prove Mr. Grcswell to be alike ■ good 
reauuncr, a scholar, and a divine. iMea 
of learning are of course perfectly ac- 

3uainted with ihi- necessity of studying 
reply and familiarly the institutions and 
the spirit nf the Mohbip |«w, tn pnahlft 
them to understand the Christian insti- 
mtioiis : Imh there i» & great muss of 
ChriitLiaii!( who much and unhappily neg- 
lect tills important bi-aach of their re- 
ligious stadifs ; to tlietn this volnmc will 
prove rery useful, in alike reminding 
them of tiie aSso/w/e «wes«7y of being 
ac(|iuinteil with the Olil Tfvtamvitt, if 
they mean to be masters of the Stir ,- and 
it will farther give them valuable informa- 
tion on some of its leading and primary 
dispensations and institutions. 



Ctuatt iltuttratmj/ thf HfmeHial Potr^r 
of thf hhalatinn qftoJitf and Oanium, itt 
Tubercular Ptktuit. Bjf SirC Scudamore. 
— \ very clever Prench physician once 
gave this account of the practice of medi- 
cine: " Nature," be said, " and discowi 
are at strife, they catitint come to terma. 
A Mind man trith a yrrat ttitk (the 
physician) is called Id to make them 
friends. He cannot get through with It ; 
he then takes his «tick, and lays about 
him, wiChuuE knowing when.- he strikes. 
If he striken on the disease, he kilN it; 
if on natnre, he kilU hrr, and the quarrel 
i* decided." Wo thought of this apologue, 
as we read Sir (T. Soudamore's treatise 
nn that diseaie that has ao long laughed 
defiance nt the arts of medicioo. His 
proposal to retard, or core consump- 
tion by inhalation of iodine and cnnium, 
seems ingvnious and in ^onie cai>es suc- 
resaful. A much more extended trial 
is however wanted, before any opinion 
can be given safely concerning it. Many 
c»9e» failed — " Dlscont Ptfricoljs no«tris," 
says Pliny, and ** per experimcDU mor- 
tesagunt." 



The ParwHt'a DmtiMt Guide. By Wil- 
liam Imrc. Svryevn Dfntixt. — ^This is 
not a work fur a reviewer to »hr*p hit 
letih «/.- it is full of good practical ob- 
M-rvation and experience; and treats with 
skill and itclicacy some of the nicer opens- 



I 

I 

I 



7C 



Mi»eeUamaiu Rmfiem. 



[J«»y; 



tioni thst hU under tbe eye of the deatbt. 
A femODB ocnliit nied to ny, that iriiCB 
a penon came iDto the room, he eo«U 
immediatelj tell whether tlioie werr Ut 
«yw or not, whether kit hrtuk hmdwr^ 
dmnd their brilHame^. And Mr. Iian 
may well boast, that the poUih and M»- 
domr of his teeth are vutUe at the flnt 
grin, abore those of common aad aaiMi- 
proved natore. 

On Maliffnamt OMtrm. JBjp Joae^ 
Ayra. — We mnch approve Dr. Ayre'a 
method of meeting the fiend of pcetiloBce, 
and firinic at him a BuceeMJon of ealomd 
hulleU till he deatroja Urn. a* die poor 
elephant Chuni was killed in Enter 
Change bj leaden ones. There is in thia 
treatise, sober investigation and cautions 
jadgment, and sound infanncesfrom fiMta. 

A TVeutue on the Natmn ^ VWea, 
a»d tkeFwmaiiim^thtEft. Bjf AXti^ 
Alexander.— 7Veafis« on tht Phj/tMfjf 
and Diteaw of the Bye. By H. Cards. 
—Two excellent treatises, tbe resolt of 
experience on a sabjeet most interestiiig 
to mankind, the preservation of tbe si|^tt 
in its strength and serenity. Mr. Carn8*s 
is the lan^st and most etuorata, bat Mr. 
Alexander's seems not at sll inferior in 
merit. The disease of the Bevinctr is 
the " musca rolttans," which at ]imgik 
swells to the siie of tbe bine-bottle fty, 
whenever hoge enclopKdias, and epic 
poems, and endless connty histories come 
before him. Half the diseasea of the 
world are fatal from ignorance and neg- 
lect ; and it appears that some very dan- 
gerous habits snd opinions exist relating 
to the eye, and to the inatmments that 
assist vision. The stndent, and the seho- 
lar, and the clerk, who begin to feel the 
effects of their vigils, and their late hwn- 
braLioDS, will derive knowledge and bene- 
fit from these sensible volumes, which we 
highly recommend ; especially as good 
eyes are peculiarly wanting, when dao- 
dectmos and diamond classics are in 
vtMfue ; thoufth fortunately a man may see 
all that lA new in them, with half an eye. 

The Flora of OsforHKhire and Ut eon' 
tigwQut CountieM. By Retf. Richard Wal- 
ker. B. D. 18.3.*.— We consider that the 
author of this work has judiciously sr- 
rani;ed his Flora according to the artificial 
nomencUture of Linnieus, leaving to the 
students of Botany to rarry on their in- 
- vestigations hyunitinji the Li no nan and 
JuBsieaian systemH. In the prrsent state 
of the science, thin seems the best and 
most profitable plwi. The (-"iislrtEiie of 
native Dlants hu hovn foin,ti \^-ith vnw, 
*m 'I obwrvstion ; I he platett 



ore neattj aad ckgaatlf la fi w d, MiA 
the book b a vahuble addiiioa to Ifaa 
stodj of tka English Floia. 

/Wfy rtmnRmUmeti»Amaritm. % 
Grant Tbeiliara, 0»a trtgimal iamk 
7W<;.— TUs Tolane is intradnoad hf • 
vary pert prebce inm Mr. Gait, nA 
tho obieet of the worfc b to cmi|dliy 
tha doctrine of a nartioalar Piwikhniai ha 
the pernoB of Jfr. noriami, vrho imm 
onea a nall-Balter, anA is now a aaadMNB 
at Nov Yotk. U the book haa any dn- 
sign beyond thia. we an ignorant «f It. 
To w it mean neither very ia a ti n uUw 
nor cntertMning: the aathor la a TJnk^t 
repnhlioan, aa nay saficiendj be knewa 
by hia caUli^ the nppar ranks of eoefa^ 
in Eagbnd. " the nohle UaAnar^*' 
(p. 844); and by earing that the Mi« 
" are waited on hf wkUe ateeet ** (p. MB). 
If any admirer of Thomas Rune ^ ' 
to i^can some laforaaatiofl 
that intereetbg person, and kem how 
asneb biandy he drank and 
he vCterad per dieni, he wn t 
selfia this work. 



iSdom RtwmrJt* en Ih* prmmU • 
tff Ston School. By a Peranfw— TW 
ouef gronnd of cott|riaint andnat ttn 
syateaa of edncaSion at Eton Is Om sM 
one, the one eo often addaeed, and aa allM 
reAited, tbetoogreetpreraleneeof daaliil 
stadias. Now we so fhr dAr ft«n lUi 
writer, who, we win be bonnd to ay, l» 
not a classical BcholarUmadf, aa towmmt 
that the stady of die liiigiiiaae af IW' 
ancient writers is not ao ttnt rn f and if^- 
tematioaDy parsned as it oaght to bo, wmk 
that oar elassieal knowledge b iaMt^ 
below thst of onr nMrimara the Qifb 
mans. We bdieve a Mttar ayalMa ef 
edoeedoB b opening beftMreaa, tmUM 
Inr grammar! dn aiore pliihiea|Afeal frtn* 
ciwH, and more aceorata lesioona 1 r 
editions of the anrlent writeia are i 
ing, explained by men of great er 
and we trust that the bngoage of Ho 
and Archimedes, of LaCTetina and lAwj, 
will be learned with greater fcdlity an# 
correctne ss , and will ever be die ma' 
leading points of stody in all oar pa^ 
schools of education. Let the Mtmim' 
snd aeademin teadi their cbemistr 
ninsic, and nse of the maps, and 
nasties, and marching exercise, aw 
surveying, and geology ; be it onrs 
low thst system that produced a ' 
and an Usher, a Milton and a T 
Horsley and a Palev, a Fox an 
ninif, as well ss a Rrntley, a T 
Klmslr*. and s Parr. 

Crfuit Pci niciona. By Arch 



ll 



^taneota . 



vtner. 



M;r, tfnd. edit. — Tlwrv ix moch in thu 
pamplilft worthy of considenition : and 
mitcii that wniilit instruct th« in(*xp<>ri- 
eoce of youtb : hut the mnio priociple 
which it adTocatCK, we are tiure will never 
be Bilopted ; — in B rirli, rrlincd, luxurious 
country like ourK : it sever rui. Tberv is 
• line, umiouhtodly, beyond which all rrcdit 
U iicron-iou», ruinouii, and dt'strurtivr ; 
but the discovery of that line as it winds 
•roniut each individual ease, i« iwiHiti. 
Bible : — DO laWB can prereut eredjt beini; 
given and received ; tu attempt it, a^tainiC 
the feelings and habits uf a {leople, vould 
only be (o make il more (wrnifious. 



DiinerfatiOH oi» ihf CotmtruclioK of 
Ftre-Ploctt. TJy Thoman lUiItield.— To 
this pamphlet iii prefixed an epistle to 
llic LanoaEhirc Witches — in «rhic-b there 
IB unfortunately mort* nmokc tlian fire. 
Yet the author is a gay mpark, and is 
willing tn preKcnre the bloom and beauty 
of the iodipfl of hiii rounty from bein; 
tmeltf •dried, like t)in»e of Hiilland aud 
(lerinuuT : he therefore ligbbi his iirr in 
Ibe be»t-e«n>ilrui-t«:d ktove, and seniU the 
vmtfke up the ehimnry by Furh a flue as 
will nut induce it to come down again. 

't'Af Prveti^ ty Juatic*9 and PImiii, 
in Ihe t'ovnty fonrt .- irith Proetir^at 
Fami*. OHd an Indtx. Hy iUearp* tlun-lay 
MaDiirJ, £19.— At a time when the public 
mind ist occupied with propoaaU for the 
erertinn of new conrta for the rcctirery uf 
vmall debtn, it i* lit;;)ily iid\aat«KC0U9 to 
b« informed rm to tlie nature of the con- 
atitution and practice of our rommon law 
local eourt«. With a very little alterstitm, 
tboe ancient tribunaU night be made to 
answer all the beneficial purposes nouftbt 
to be obtained by the propoH^*] new 
courts. Without haviitjr any {wlitical ub> 
ject in view, Mr. Manuel \\*» hi;rc prr- 
»ented us with *otjw of thi.' nmterialH for 
foruiiof n juil^Dient upon this qur?ition, 
and nl the same time baa fumiNhrd ilie 
practitioner with a cbt.-«p aud compen- 
dioua manual of pi-actice. In the latter 
reapect, (hia book will be fnond umineutly 
useful, an there hns not bven any BiniLUtf 
work for very many yean put. 



Poitticat LMCHLrotiomM. fly John EJtrl 
Somcrs. — The object of thi* paniplilet id 
to rvcommcnd a I'mprrty Tax, on no 
Urpi A Ncole B« to pay oS the nationNi 
debt ; tu exphun the riewa of llie nohle 
author on tliwc Rn^t finMiiotiH which 
, Juve come before him as a IctciKlainr in 
be lant H«»ion« ; and to give hi* opinions 
I ibc merils and dcmeriti of the ditfeivul 
adnQinihiratinns. It is I he production of 
a stitatble, eipcricm-vd nuui, a luvcr of 



hi!) country, and one tendy to make anji 
personal Mcrihce to ensnit the mabilityJ 
of its goTernmenl, and to promote the] 
happiness of hiii fcUow cidxetu. 

Aniiijvitatef AfOtiulirtr, trr f/ie Urn t(f 
the Afyrmtlrm, fiy William Cave, wi7A an 
E**ay by Richard Henry Stcbbiuic, 3 roA 
— K very *<!:rcpta>)le service is rendered (o 
the public by tbcrepuhlicatiiia of Cave's 
learned and exrellent Uvea of the Apos- 
tleo, th« orifinol beine both erpenaive 
and Bcarce. Tlie intruduciory cBsay by 
Mr. Stubbing ta well worth; of perusal, 
with the iTXception of th« sneer at Jortin 
Ht the rtid. wliich wis oot dwerretl. In> 
Btcad of being only a rompiter. Jortin waa 
B man of wit, knitwIeO^e, U*arnin)i;, and 
acntencse; and twenty Ctrrea will apjiear 
before another Jortin shall delif ht and in< 
form the world. Mr. SteltbinfE ought lo 
be above building; the pedr«tnl of his aa< 
thor** fiime on the mins of a rival. A 
compiler indeed ! * \\ e fhoiild he glad in 
these days of compilation tu Rnd a few 
Jorfint cm|.iloTed in the task. What 
would tlie Ooctxjr of Hattun have said to 
this, hud he been alive ? 

• lioiriothnm't .Vpw and Kary Method 
qf Ltaming the Frtmeh Gfuderw in a few 
Aoura,* is* usefnlcouipihitiou. 

Ofttination Coututl and othn- Potmw. 
By Kicbard Knott.— Mr. Knott is a very 
pious and deeply rcliKiou* prnton, and 
being a BaplisI, is strongly persuaded of 
thp tmrii of the Valrinittic tenets; and 
he Itas made hie poftii'dl volume the vebicJu 
of much i>f bitt {HTculiar view&, and con- 
troversial atatcuicntx. in this wc think 
he has not done wi»ely ; hie controversy 
has marred bis poetry, and their roojuoc- 
lion i* hurtful tu both. We will ^iie, ai 
a 5]H>cimen. a poem " on the uncertalD 
Tenure of Earthly Kricndship." 

Karthly friendship, oh' bow netting. 

Life an i-vancNcent drenm; 

Zion's pifa^riiu, fietiucnt meeting 

In his proems, death is seen. 

All I how ofl fall falhRT, mother. 

Sinter, brother, bowin friend ; 

E*'ery lover, till no other 

Friend our earlier steps atteiK). 
Uaple«# Saint t in Achor's \ally, 

Lo \ an open donr of hope ; 
Earnest pray — thy grace* rally. 

Nature then with dcnih may co|x>, 
Rerollcct, mid darknewi opens 

Kirst the widening ipitea of (lay, 
So life'c deepest grief l«rlokens 

Light — when gloom vhall pass away> 

P9/)vUrEn^rl*>/Mrdia, parf£d. Bail 
Caa.—OaV'Wl the delrcts uf thin woi4({ 



78 



Miaeilimnt%m JUwiww. 



P*/ 



that which we pointed omt im ow Reriew 
oftheBnt{Mrti the lengA of ■one, CM- 
diOlr of the Biosrephicil ntidat, h^g 
out of all proportios to the faDportumof 
the sn^ect. The liTce of Joel Bvlow, 
•ad JothoB Bamea, are t«B tfaaa w Imam 
ai that of the ^reat Datnraliat Sir JoHfi 
Banki. llw life of Bentley b writtM 
withoQt any reference to the Biihopaf 
Gloucester's work, and la eonaeqMBtl^ 
imperfect. That of the Frendi idHlBrt 
Boiwonadc, is scantyand n^Mfftcial. 1W 
account of Anne Bolej* Ii of no aathv- 
rity. That of BoliTir is vat «f doe pro- 
portion. All the AmwHtam Uttt mn 
formed on a far mon trtmtdtd mmie Ikam 
ikt reat, is thoae of Daniel Boon and 
Charles Browne. The aeeonnt of Bnoaa- 
parte, on the whole, ia fkllandhir. Tte 
article ' Botany,* ia too brief. The M- 
coont of the Chnrch, wider the head of 
Britain, is one mass of inorance, emrt 
and mistake. The ' Brituh Mnaenm* it 
defectire, and t«7 imperffsct t ai ia the 
accoont of * Bronze;* and hard Byron'a 
life is inaccurate in fiuta. We hm 
pointed out these matters in no iU<wlll to 
this work, which is on the wIk^ Adriy 
executed, but that the condnetors may be 
vigilant and attentive to their Aatw, and 
employ writers who well nndentand their 
subjects. 

TV NaturatuVt Ukmrf. Vot. 11,— 
Mammalim: Fetimm. ^ Sir William Jar- 
dine. — To this volume is prefixed a sli^t 
memoir of Cuvier, taken from the laifer 
biographies of that illnstrions man. It 
is obriooB that the History of Animala 
must divide itself into two braachee ; the 
first that is scientific ; the aeeond, the ae- 
couot of their nature, habits, mode of Ufe| 
&c. ; and it is equally clear that the first 
part, however perfect and finished it may 
be, is defective without the second. It 
would be as if, seeking to know what a 
mm was, we were presented with a »Me- 
to*. Me want in the stsdy of nature, 
both Buffon and Linnieus. In the scien- 
tific deiicription of the animal, the Natn- 
raliKt is contioed within a certain boundary ; 
he must either give it correctly or incor- 
rectly ; but there in such a latitude that 
extentlB into the dexcription of the other 
branch of inquiry, as to require a very 
good taste, and very logical power of se* 
lection. The naturuliflt, fur instance, who 
wishes to give the habitx and character of 
the lion or tiger in his native hanots, 
inuKt seek them in the accounts of the 
Traveller. His judf^ient, bin obsfr\'a- 
tion, his accuracy, his Inve of truth, per- 
haps even hilt moral courage and activity, 
■'A power of bearing fatigue and facing 
■■r, ia alt to be conifidered. Then as 



to ^ 

Mftynhow mash om tnmltar km ■*» 
^d t» ft* Iheta iwllwisJ hy « tatam^ 
or how mmek k ks ttkam^wmfSbm^ 
Namthn fa to be washed -§-^m mm- 
raHwi hffwinnisiiiMtiaftiiMiii. 1W 
ssmo odmal in «■• put of Ike ilato mr 
difcr mMHially from Hw SMM ntedlB 
•Bottw.— <ha AMeu and Aitatta Urn, 
toairand alaphnBt, As BMtrin nd Afik 
Man om Ml, fte. AH thb (VM • «U» 
■SM of lnwt||BDOK( tMt Ii to Ml toi* 

Tcmd witk di%Me awl «H«. Is tk* 
■oooont of the Ba«gal tiser. It Is Omr 
that the wrilsn of tUswock had Mnnr 
had an* pwrwmml latsfrlew «1A tftoa* 
Bonaretas of tte Biateni jbrsetn mA 
oonee^—tly wmm traits moat 
teristie of Aeir maaw 
WithaD the e no imoas 
with the daatWty of aprii^awl' 
meat, whieh, as this book ena (m, lOn.' 
carried the 1km Uke a oat, ow EraadH 
twahe or flftaaa feet hiri^ mly km- 
m llfor atcr iem finewn («• bdln^kt- 
tkeausbof iBdiashaBti^.toniAlha 
ilsadrt OD the dmkaot's lack? TW 
ataryaf ttacoragadde 
the l%ir «itk his ftwto mar be i 
caasB amaetimea, bat moot rarety I 
does Oe ehpheat aae this ton 
we^xm; not (moe in a kaadrad 
Tbe elephant tmats ntlrely to Ua ] 
legs aaa wo^t to croah Ui aasmf . km 
mea make macanmi tt Nsflsi, hst 
kneadaaad poawbhimtoplaees. btt» 
second place, we h^ero BUhapBaha% 
aooovnt of the lien of India mm^tf IW* 
elephant to the fioandJcDrtodto IM» 
work) to betoeoTKot. wehmkMt4a»- 
fkom Indian bnnters. All we eaa mf itf 
aa (hr as the instinct, habtts, aad Mta«^ 
of one animal extoada (toe Bum! tlpm),- 
we pledge oar fidth, that to twokoan m«- 
oonU hare written an aeeoant mora lrd|y 
illnstratiTe of it, more onitoaa to sa«o> 
dotes, and more replete wito toltomB- 
tion, than this volnme contains. Sadhto 
the ease with all perfonaanees at aeoead 
hand. The plates are very in difcieu t b 
deed, and the synopiia inooixoet or '' 
ficicnt. 

PietMnt qf Private Ltft. Bv 1 
Stickney. — This volume eontrau 
welt-written tales, one of Hiiaato 
the other, the Pains of Pleasing, 
first is not to well conceived as J 
be, nor is tlie arrangement of t 
satififactory or complete ; in fact, t 
ject is not one that it was nsefnl or 
tageoos to discuss. A mimmtknj 
a common character. A jreai^ 
tkmfte, asMrs. $tickncy'sis,isr 
common one. A poetical mi 



I8:J4.] 



Miscellaneous Reviews. 



fiuch MH Lon) Bjrron bas broiii^ht into 
fsstitoD, i» far more dPten tn he inrt with, 
Uiau one in rrat /(/>. Miiunthropy U thr 
KHult nf rertiiin Rffrt-tionH. passion*, fiuf- 
ferin^ii, ur disaj<pointriR'iit>. nrtinj; on an 
ill-regulflt^d And unrhriiitian mind. In 
jroulli.therf iircinimmiTsblrcirciimntanM* 
to i-ounteract it-t growth t natnrni spirits, 
Tuture hopes, love of fricnde, ihe good 
will of mKnkiad in g*ner«I (for youth of 
itself is Iwlovm]), and the tendency of th« 
mind to Hhakv off «orri>w and tulTrring. 
In advanced life, the rebukes of con- 
Hrtence, tiie. voice of duty, the claims of 
affectiaii. Ihf pnwer of reason, and the 
habitual (ympathy between nuin and man, 
all tend to weaken and destroy thi* mar- 
hid Tertini;. and present ita gaining nn- 
nunCrulIrd dominion over the iniiM). M^n 
mny dislike or cvea hutc ihit man, or the 
o/Aw ; but he le a very degraded, and 
very wngularly wicked iwing wlifi haten 
all m*9: and Ijnrd Byron's charBcteni 
were not muMitbropes. but *«in, egotis- 
ticat. HelAsh pcnotu. pu(f«I op with ariii- 
tmoratii-al or iatellectita] pride ; and 
Uiinking it a proof of ^npcrior talents to 
stand alriof a.i the mere ii|>eotators of a 
worhl hette.ith llirin. Hin lord.<ihip him* 
wif ap«-d fiomewhatof this, asloninhed the 
wimk, enraptured rhe rnmaotii;, and be- 
came etceedingly ridicalnu* to all senaiblc 
persotLH. 

Tlie other tale. ' the Pains of Flcasicfj,' 
is nii>rc nsefal and cuterlainiui, tliuut;h u 
little too broad in its elFe<-t, and too ex- 
ajc^ratcd at times; bat it will lie a iL*e- 
ful le<(son to all yoanit pemou:*, young 
ladies in particular, not rainly ta attempt 
tOA direellji to please. If they ple*«:, lot 
it \x Ihrovgh their yood tmse, {/tHtd tern. 
per, good tMte, and good diirpotition : 
and not from ronttrainnl effortii to vatiut 
themMdven airreeable; they will pleuite 
most, when they ilo not attempt lo (deaac ; 
and to wisli tu plnue alt, is the desire of 
a mind unacrjuAinted with ita own Iffpti- 
inate powen, and Totally without expe- 
rience of mankind. 

Charge of the BUhop of UanHaff, rfe- 
tiperedtH Seylember, IH:13. — Ttii« is xuoh 
a nompoflition a*i might hnvR bc-en ex< 
peeled from the aoknowlerhn'd talents and 
tute of the author. Mo^tof the alleged 
grienncM belonging to the Church are 
reviewed, and m«nymlMake« and exagge- 
ratioBii pointed o^t. The only |iomt^ in 
which we differ from the Charge are, first, 
* the mixerable pittance of Queen Aune'd 
Bounty,' being pointed out as making a 
eontinttBl progreuion towards the iK|uili> 
zatlon of B«Defice«, sod •» ha\ing al- 
rendy wrought a coaiiderable change 1 We 
tan only m)' thai, iit our opiniou, long 




before Queen Anne's Boanty could effMt 
any thing like thin, the Charch will he 
removed to where it will not wnnt it. We 
have, near where we are writina;, about 
twenty living;) varying from -Id/, a-yriir lo 
100/. ; and wc cannot find tliat any of 
them h«ve bei^n a]>f>ifllcd more than to the 
amount of 10 or 12/. a-year by this Royal 
Bonnty,and manyoftbemnotatftll. Thb 
i« certainly progressive, hut we ore ossured 
that it is the tortoite of improvemeDt that 
will never overtake the hare of demand. 
Secondly, we must disapprove the point- 
ed ftUuiiooa the Biahop mnkm to the im- 
morality qf the Clergj/, and hi-s wish to 
hnvr ample power to punidb tt placed ifi' 
hi4 hands. We rrnture to appeal agoiuitj 
this, and we deny the allegation. Thera 
is no more prohahility that a Rector, 
or Vicar, or Prebendary should be imnwtrof 
than n Bishop. And what is the immo- 
rality alluded to.' Is it gluttony, or 
dnuikennesH, or gambling, or inrontl- 
nence? Of luch ricus we believe tha 
Clergy to be free, and that their lives at* 
as unspotted as ctui consist with human 
frailty, and the ujaoifuUl temptations of 
man. A country Vicar goes to the puhlio 
huoscand drinks a glaaaofhtnody and water 
with hilt parishianers — is that immorality? 
A Bishop goes to a I^rd Mayor's dinner, 
and gives truists after dinner — i" that lli* 
same } All, we Tliink, r|iiitc innocent' 
both in the Dignitary and in the Divine. 
We do nut bcljevt; that sevure mrasuresuv 
needed to restrain the immomtUy at the 
Clergy ; njid we do out think the allaaloo 
Co it ia a thing of ' good report.' The 
Clergy are generally men nf euncation and 
knowfedgs, gentlemen in behaviour, acho- 
lant in acnoircment; lh?y are tnarrt'ed 
rmen almost nniversally. lining wiLh their 
wives and familieg. looking after their 
parishioners, reading their books, eultivat. 
ing Ihe glebe, putting nut ever and anon 
tomea of divinity ; learneit in geology, 
botany. County history; men living with 
the he-st siM'iety, yet free, by reason of 
their confined incomes and 5ci|ue«trred 
situations, from the temptations of the 
world ; men who have entered their holy 
profesMon with a knowledge of tbe dutiea 
and obligationa attarjied to it. Is it de- 
corouB, is it graceful, is it neceasary to 
speak of the immaraUlj/ of these pemons. 
and to ask for freafa power* to rvstniin it* 
Wc are told, in Ptrlianient and out, that 
the Charch was never more pure, more 
senlouH, and more efficient than now ; and 
we believe it. Yet what must a logman 
think, if, reading this Kpiscopal Chargu, 
he finds the Bishop dissatiotied with the 
power he poamsHs of restraining tbe 
iamurralitji of bis cWgy. The way I* 
improve a mm, is to place him in a att' 



FtHt Artt. — RojftU Aemdtmjf. 



80 



tion where hit dutiei and iDtemti will be 
nnited. Place him in a sitnatioii reepcet- 
eU by society ; give htm an income niaed 
above the sordid pittanw npon iritich he 
ia now all but atarring ; nuike hira com- 
fortable and independent, derate him to a 
level above the mass of his pariihkmen ; 
let men look up to him with respect fbr 
hia station — in fact, let the Bisbopa oie 



[Wy. 



their inflaenecaDd intemt in ptaoinf the 
bodjr of the C1er(7 la Mdi drewnitHMM 
of eomfeit u they enight to pom—, nd 
ther vill 1w perfonung « more VnHMiil 
part, mote howmralito to diemaelrai, aad 
more adnBtageoos tothe commmltT, tfafea 
Ib dropplBf hiato of tlwir lmmmaii^,aBil 
Aeremr giviag waqtoaa of wHtaA to dw 
nmidDes of Oath awlAakaloa. 



FINE ARTS. 



EOYAL ACADEMY. — ABCHtTBLTUmAL 
DBAWINUa. 

The erection of a new Hall for the 
Fiabmongera' Company, at the principal 
entrance of the metropolis, afforded an 
opportunity of rare occurrence, for the 
display of talent. Here we miaht have 
expected towitnesn a design whicb woold 
at once be an ornament to the rite and a 
monument of English geniui, attiaetinf 
the gaze of every stranger on his arrival 
at the great c*ty ; but unfortunately cor. 
potation judgment is not always in unison 
with the dictates of good taste, and in this 
quality, the lapse of nearly a century bai 
produced no improvement. The spirit of 
dullness whicb rejtfcted Palladio's derign 
for ibe MaiiMon-hou>e, because this great 
architect wax a non-freeman, would ap> 
pear to have n>igned despotic in the so- 
ciety which directed the erection of a 
large common-pkce, naked boilding, in 
one of the finest buildii^ rites perhaps 
ever witnessed. 

In the present exhibition, there are six 
designs for this hall, viz. : 

No. 886. W design nimtUed lo the 
FiMhmongrrt' CompoHy, Dec. 1831. W. 
GaELUBR. No. h»l. SktUk Jbr m Pub- 
tie BMUJing. S- Angeli.. No. 802. f^gw 
of a Pmbtic Edijict detigned far a tUt ml 
iheN.fV- AngttoftheNewL(mdo» Bridgt. 
C. E. Lahg. No. M». Perapeetive Fkw 
t^a de^gnpr a Nrw Hallfbr the fforMp. 
ful Company of r%*hmoNgen. 1832. J. 
BooRKR. No. 960. Oneofthedeiigntfor 
the Elevation at the front of the New FUh- 
mongert' Hall facing the riwer. R. J. 
Barrow and F. Lanc. No. 976. Per- 
tpective ^lew of the New Hall propoted f>r 
the H'onhipfitt Company of Flshmongert. 
J. Goldicutt'9. 

In these desifmN as well us others 
which have not met with so great publici- 
ty, the architects have iii rao«t instances 
merely aimed at dewgning a great houM 
which posMetsed no character as the hall 
of R Company; it might be a tavern, or a 
town ball, a theatre, or a meeting-house; 
tbere was nothing in the elevation to 
mark its peculiar charucter. In three only 
of the rix designs noticed above, the hall is 
10 



dlowcdtofcmaoroBlBMttAstan. Of 
theae, 007, Mr. OoUieatrb teka K 
without eaeaption, dM noat beaotinl aad 
appnpriatowobanaeeB. Ia tbtfroab 
towardathe atreet, qmeara a BaaD eo«t 
aepamted from tbs loot path hf Iraa 
gataa: on two rides aronagcdtbepri^ato 
apartment* of tbt atiuetun, baQt ia tfn 
Italian s^e of decoration, witk a doisk 
mm*. narWnf tha windpal •amoMi 
tb« ramaiBing rido of tequadraHleiM 
toba oeatpiod bjdm halU a panU£ 
giam of km dlmimsions pariptond, aai 
crowaadanth an attic, tha orter GMs- 
thiani tha eharantr of the boiUiHla 
marked W tha attic, wfcteh iiiBiiiaili 
dlstinpdsbcs it from « temple t If tlia 
derign bad been execottd, Londoa mkht 
have sbswa one palatial bailtfiv wmS 
need not vril ito fiiee before the 
Btmetore of Rome or Venioe. 

No, 898, by Mr. Lamo, aka 

the hall in « pnimiBent point of viawi 
bat the derign waa merely a copy of Aa 
FartheDoo. It certainly woold bat* baM 
pleasing to bare seen sadi a su a um a ki 
a conspicuoaa rituation In >-ffftilo% Wl 
arddtectnrri pnyriet y woold have bnm 
violated by* teoiple being enclad for « 
baaquetting balL 

No. 8R6w Mr. Obiluu latiiiimt 
the hall in the centre, with a biiiiilifc 
porticoof tibe Ionic order; bat itia (lu 
enmberedwith wings. 

No. 80t, No. 949, No.96aare Mvly 
ss commonplace as tbe bolMiiy wUek 
has been erected, and differ not voy •»• 
BCBtially from it. 

No. Ml. ^ AntoraMsa of fW Marw 
Chiireh,at Chritl-ehmrch^ Hamtt. B.Tmny. 
Mr. Ferrey is about to pubUsb an bfo. 
torical account of the ebureh and priory, 
illustrated by elucidations of its areU- 
tecture, and be makes this derign fiiare 
documentary evidence to be giraa in 
his work. He shews a central tower 
in the Normsn style with a leaded spihre; 
as well as two large circular towers at tba 
west end. raised on square basement^ aa4 
rapped by pyramids. At Rocbeaterani 
Town Mailing are rimilar turrcca, bat 
tbey are smafler, and appear lytbcr aa 



/Tnf Arts. 



dccdraihrc pinfuielrik. thui is nesumiitf; 
[he consfiniQiuv wliii'h Mr. IVirey Iihr 
given lolit«tiim'Ui. Wenlmuldlike to nee 
niK Buthnriry fnr (bnr size as writ •« fonu. 
To toiTpn •tiinitnr lo tiles'*, mmy be trare<l 
ibe ori;^n of that beKUliTul Htruitiirc. the 
Spiff, whirh Ik-^bii in ti ^itmptc jiynmiit 
upuii a liutlTi'>>. mill Liidci] in tbe splen- 
dour of l^liirlu-htcr Biid Silinbun-. Air. 
FVrrcy also givc>i cotincqucnct ty a Giii^li 
to the t-lcmni Normwi utaircttsc, sciU ex- 
iitiiii^ Dt the traiiM'pt. 

No. 95.*, and 963. RHerior mH /«- 
tfriar (ffa deii^ for a Chitrth, tHhmiJtrd 
to l/ie f'otnmiiee )i>r errcliijf a Church at 
Htrue Baji. A. U. (Uaytoii. The parts 
want uitiuii. ttie 6Tcr|ilr i^t At one corner, 
ttiR traiispplii am rrxims uJBxL-d to tie 
main builditiff. and tht^ trutety of tbe 
wiiidowK tlamboyaiit, nnd fiintaiilic. Tbe 
Rn.-hi.'s of the interior are Btill^d upon 
liiftli and naked piors. The iden of three 
arches at the nltar appears to be derirv-d 
from the tiei^h ho urine; ruin nt Heriilver. 

In oUl di'i^ik'D)^, wlielhrr of poinii-d or 
Italian arriiitei-ture, the funr crunfunn 
pili'H uf ktiitdiiig mi'tfting in tbe cenliv, 
appear like so many butlrefl-<ie^ to llic 
lantern tourer, or cupola, nriitinff from 
thoir|M>iiit of iiitcntectiofi; in modem de> 
fcipn*, this harmony is overlooked or dis- 
regarded, If triinwpt* are iimcJ, they dis- 
figure tbe buildini;, rather tbiin appenr as 
ui ci^sontiul portion of it: tbiii remark 
will upply not only to ibis design, but to 
must inutlcrn struetiirea wbteb arc cruci- 
form in plan ; for iiutancc, tbe new Cntho- 
lic churdi non- erecting; at LifiMin Grove. 

MS. Hail t'iexe of C<Mcy Hall. Norfotk, 
the levt of /A* Uie'hi Hou. Lord Slajhrd. 
J. C- iiueklcf. Wc alnnye meet our 
friend BucUk-r with frrcui ftatisfaction ; 
bin deitigiis nhrink not from tbe •crutiniz- 
inf; eye uf (he unliqunr)' or the artiat. 
The maieiinl in retl brick, wurkod aiid 
iiiuulded into architeclumi forma and 
ornamenta. The groups of [liclurcuqiic 
chinioics, the bow windown, the vsrioim 
breaks in the face of tbe wall bk well as 
in the borizuntul tines of tbe eleratioD, 
display the retiiilt of « refined lu«tc. and 
an nccurate knowleJ!RC of the princi[>lM 
of deoiirn, ax \\ell ni« the detail of our 
ancient buildings. l.<ird ^Influid i»b»ppy 
in the cboimuf his arcbitert ; tbe Ubrra- 
lity and pood taste which rained this xnlen. 
did [rtnnsiun, biiA not lH*cn mnrn-d wilti idle 
conceit* or flim-sy inventionii : in Ojs«ev 
bis Lordtihip may siir\'er a building wbicu 
hw nothing; ill it-^ appearam^f tit nKtii-nte 
that it was not binlt by nne of hix anroH- 
tont. under ibe reif^ns of tbe Tudurs. 

No. 873. A/otIti of thr. AVir Chnrrk 
nov hnVLdiag at Urtat Marlim, Jiackt, C> 
Jnwood. This is one of tbo«e •iructurcj* 

r.K.xT. Mao, Vol. il. 



which rewmhtc the flrvot nuqoiity of 
new cburcbeK. Tlu' dcfi^ ii'Wtaft'_l| 
generally termed politic. IttiasnoBlale 
or chancel ; and CDnsitits of an ohlong I 
with tt slated roof, in tbe mcelint;-t; 
style, havinfT an addition at tbe princip 
front, shewing a portico of three art-be^l 
above wliii'li is a squure towt-r und spir 
Tbe essential partM of the d[>^i;,'n aie 
(tenvrnlized, that it would scnccquully we 
for the GrtTian, or any other >tyle wbicK 
tbe architect might plmrn to vdoiX; th 
spire would require a littlaaltcralion, tb 
windnwH less, tlie nmide in front mig' 
easily l»'«ime a porlico, and thus witl 
liie )ielp of compo, a new dcf^JKn in an 
e-osenlialty dilfL-iciit mode of ttrcbitt^Mun 
would easily be formed; huw dilfctcnt is 
this to our nncirnt cbnicbc^ which dia 
play a itubbornnesfi which the most inve 
tcratf improver cannot entirely orerconi«,J 

While we are upon this bend, we ran«ff 
not help mentioning 

1011. luitrhir virx tf the S(v H'ftKr 
S^M/Ltf^uf, by H. E. Kendnll. ^Mthoughl 
ill coiutnijn with ourM'lvcs, religious pre^ I 
jiidiet* exi-lmlcft tbir itiil of ihv siftier art j 
of aculpi»r« in the embellinhment of their 
temples, the .lewi^h nation do nntnppear-l 
to leject a display of urebitcetunil derorakj 
tiun. In this temple or labcntacle, tki 
greiit proportion offlrnamcTtt is hbL-wn, and 1 
the whole is fur above tbe puritunic ift«j 
trriors of the gencmtity of our churche*,| 
Tbe Sanctuary is fronted by « compofib, 
tioit of four Ouinthtan columns dia-: 
posed in pairs formed (in imitation u-«l 
presuinc) of lapis lazuli, 'nnth gold rap 
and tiasra; between tbinF-rrepn bflntrx ibtt] 
rich rrimson curtain, screening ihi ■nteriorl 
from profane gaze: tbe light falU upon] 
the whole from tbe roof, und ia admitted j 
ihrimgli a doitte. 'I'bere in no fitivry iaJ 
Ibe compoalrion. but the wbule hrar^'thel 
stamp nf a reti^ous building', fitted up , 
with u diitf regard to the solcninily of the 
service to which it is de^tined. 

Mr. Coflingham cibibit* i»4^reml views] 
for additions to aiioble Mansion, desi^nud 1 
with his ukiud good taste and tound judg- j 
ment. j 

\Vi' bavc omitted to notice many bMtii-.J 
tifui dmwings of existin>{ objects of ai-.l 
chitLftun; from want nf s{Hicr; hut Wttj 
cannot close without exprvKBing wtr rp- 
pct, tliiit HO little room in the Aca<k>my 
IS allotted to this branch uf tbe fine arts* ' 
and that even that tirctimseribed space it j 
intruded upon by tiubject* foreign lu tbo 
science of architecture. 

.-f larg;e CaBetlion of Ori/^Ml SkrtcheK 

I>itizeingSy and Siudia, and latae Jin'uhed 

Pirturu^ of tht ialt T. STOl'liARn, 

It. A. was soJd hy auction by Alt 

M 



83 



FiMt ArU. 



CJ>^' 



The 



CuRtflTiE uid Ca, Juna 17—19. 
drawings occupied the firat two dan of tha 
M]r.uid produced oGB/. lt«.6^. Tbeninl- 
ingtoii the third day, brought 13G8/. 7a. Od. 
Total laSfU. I&f. Gd. The followinf 
were the paiiitiiiKa thatbrovght above 80L 
The Bolero S2/. Mt.; A aketch fn>ra 
Boccacio, Ttii. U. ; Nympbs bindiag 
Cupid, a InitdM-ajv, SU, lU.; Sma'U 
Sojci, 31/. 1U<. ; Youth and Age ftll.; 
A Skett-b lor the buliject of Intemper- 
ance, painted upon the walln of the 
■tuircan; at liuri^igh 90/. 6f.; Tbe Chil- 
dren in tbe Wood, HL lU W ; A Feta 
Champatrc, from Boccacuh 33L lit- 1 
Titania sleeping SO/. 9r. 6d. Venui, 
Cuiiid, and tbe Graces, 88fc 7f . ; Caim»o 
with Cupid and Nymphi. 46/. 4f. ; fha 
Vintaue 36/. 10*.: O'Donobou. with 
NymuhB, ^1/.; A Nymph leading a 
Baccbanaliaii ProcewDOD, SSL lit. | 
The Crucifixion 26/. 5». ; SbakwaWi 
Characters, eo/. 17*. : A beautiful Dnw^ 
ing of tbe same subject, but containing 
more Characters, sold lor S2/,1U; Thej 
were bought by Mr. Pldcering foe the 
same gentleman. AiDong the drawing* 
which brought tbe highest price* were 
•everal elegant designs for plate, ezecatcd 
for his late Majesty by Meaar*. RundeU 
and Bridge. 

Mr. Urbak. Jmme 84. 

I attended Ust week the nle of tbe 
exquisite works of the late TeneiaUe 
Stothard. 

I bad ever appreciated his genios for 
the imitative art, but never until these 
days of sale, when his work* were (so to 
speak) simultaneously displayed, did it 
burst upon me in the full blaic of its gloTf. 
Nothing in nature seems to have escaped 
him, and her inlluenre guided his hand. 
" How lovely, bow commanding!'* 
Whether be sketched the vale studded 
with cottages and backed by cloud-eapt 
mountains, the roaring cataract or tnfted 
woods, the wild sninuU* of the desert, the 
flowers and herbs of the field, or the 
varied combinations of the human fonn, 
all was observation, truth, and power. 
Once and ease were in every line. 

Buch purity leigncd in bia female 
Jiures, cspemllyin those clothed with 
•wwlnf draperies that, on beholding them 
*■ Nl iDBcthing of the idea of Heaven 
M bifera our eyes. 
t ht* tt» 4BUcacy of Titiau, and oc- 
Mllithtmntottrof Rubens. He 
liStm the hnBovr of Chaucer and the 
CKntkmof Shakncare. He shrunk 
<. tmm the tuk « illustrmting tbe 
%«C tlwtfmt MMler nind which 
■'' ** BdnmMd wUa 
AaAthMilr 



power to BijrfM ob tha > 
unfiled. 

Reivcetahle as the aiieao wen wUA 
his pictam fetched al tUa sdo^ comUh^ 
ing the state of the tiaca. 1 Mt hnr paw 



was the nBHnentioa wUch i 
aA*fd for tbe highcat gift of 
natural genius. 

The whole proceeds of the aal« •€ thft 
■ketdies and j^ntuga wUA htA f»> 
maioed behiad in this great Maa^ anffb 
the result of a large poitiaa of a Ufc i^ 
dnstriously spent in the eaerdao of Urn 
art, was not more thaa IWOL fiw i^. 
wards of one hundred oil prnKJ^ft eM 
more than a thouaaod sket^aa! Wdl 
nay the Paalnist say, ** When lhahn«dh 
of man goeth forth, be shall lura sfrfa I* 
hia earth, and then all his thoortta pnttk.* 
But tbe goodness of God will MiadfeK 
gifts cmaaating finm himsdf liko than 
to periah cverlaatini^r. It !■■ I traa^ wm 
presumptaou* hope to oooccife, thaft !■ 
Ilis mercy in Christ Jcaoa, the aptaft 
of this great Painter, loosed from lha&dP> 
mitics and afflktions of this mortal MM 
has put on immottalitv in thusii a»iriaHW| 
regions of parity snd Uisa, of wUA Mi 
imagination seemed to haft ^laa Vm % 
fucetaste on earth. A. J. 1L 






4e 



George Jooe*. eoq. B.A. iai.. _ _ 
Ubcariaa to the Royal Aoademy flf Ai|% 
in the room of Mr. Stothaid. 

aoNmcTON'a woan. 

At the recent sale, by Messra 
and Manson. of drawings and ; 
1^^ the late Mr, Boaington, tlw i _ _. , 
prices were given fur some of At i>alMi^ 
colour pictive*. A Kni^ aadi ft fi^ 
37 guineas; Interior ot a Chardh, SlgM 
River Scene, 3ags.; fawdawma «!# 
Waggon, 68gs.» and two m]rIlakU|i^ 
M«.anda&*. 

The fHl sketchea were twenti^aaa m 
number; of which those which ohttlMd 
the best price*: A Sea Shortv Mfki 
View on ihe Seine, 50p>.: Caaat al 
Venice^ 39g*.: and Henry III. of F^aM«h 
100/. The last picture, durinf tha IV 
of BoningtoD, was ftxhibitcd both aft / 
Roval Academy and tbe British QtO 
without finding a purrhaser at ^ 
fe/acM, the price affixed 1^ tbe Artia 

HK. HUBKISSON'S MONDHKNT. 
At Liverpool, tbe mauMileum w' 
intemled to cover tbe murtal reir 
Mr. HufkisMHi, is now in a forwr 
It will be formed of fine maso 
circular shape; aitdten otdumn*, 
a rusticsteit faesement, will *u 
dome, the lights being throws 
the upptr part of the buildi 
statue IS under tbe able hand 
Gibson, of liverpoDl, now 



1834.1 



irts. 



Rome. The model is finitliiK), and is 
Keven feet sir inohes in heij^lit. 

HAYDOK'H BEI-OnM BAKQUP.T. 

Mr. lli)'tloir8 ptiiitiiig oi tbtt il^rorni 
BuiiqiU't ut Guildhul). Julv IK 1^32, 
wbicD is now i^xliiliiriftt in St. Jamra's 
strrei, roiitniii-i iipiimrtlfi of lIX) porinuta, 
■il of wliirli liiive ix:eti wit far. The time 
ch'Kt'n ih wliit-t ilie dvvsert i^ uii ilic 
tiiblc. and Eurl Orvy i* returning ttitinks. 
The IVi.'iiik'i-*« figure is ibus llic |iri;ifi- 
p«l object, and a* Ktity eye is natunilly 
turned to^viird* the npeaker, from niber 
■id;:, thti portmicii nrv dix^Luyed wilbouC 
Any D|i|»«ri-iil urtitiiv or rtrort. Snint'tliiii^ 
like « lurv^'niuiiJ is utitxinw] by standing 
ftKuiw <ff HiteiidMiiift ill tlu* lower part of 
the ball. Tlie men in orraoiir on the 
«id« frpra whence the view i» !iupi»o*ed to 
bare b««n lakem lend likewise their aid 
in giriu^ a d«pib to the picture. 



LAST 0» NAPOI.EOM'B HEAD. 
A [>osthumnui« citsf from tlie heftd of 
thi- prral Nupuleoil hiis rn'enily hct-n ex- 
ItibiKidHt ColniiAlii'«, in Cockopiir-tttrc^t, 
frum H mK>k uikt-n tiy Ur. AnUHnarchi, 
•t St Helms. TUertr !» ■ eold and 
«1i(;htly ud pkeidity in it» t^&presiinn. In 
its formation nbure the brow it miiy nt , 
firftt H|:ht dirniipoint, &>> it hiu not the t 
breadth and ^tiudreneMs wbicli eburaelcrise j 
the Uuuiiiipurli* busto. niid theiht't'k buntt 1 
ntwid «ut Wyoiid its line: but the dif-j 
frrence inuy he owinj; to the ^cal itCe* 
nuatton of miiM-Ie which i« (>b■>er^-IlbIe ia I 
every jwrt ot the poiiriUMmtifc. The for- 
raitiun it, h'twever, remnrkiihly fine ; more 
oviil than fhit on lop, and of «tro!ig indi. i 
vidiuU ntber thnti general cfaaracu>ri»tio. I 
Jt is mid thut the finit emtt from it-l 
ordered in France was by Louis- l*hii>p|ie,j 
nnd the firtl in £t)ghuii hy Phiicc Tal- J 
Iffyrftitd- 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 



AVw H'orkt avnounetdfor PuUictliom. 
A Snpijleriu-iit to the Life, Diir)-, and 
Corrv«puiidence uf 8ir William UuKdole. 
I^ft prepHfL-d for publication by the late 
limc^titederliior of tlmt work. Win. Ham- 
per, Eini F- S, A . 

Auto-bionniphr and Letters of Ab- 

TIIUB CoCKTESAV, 

The loniMii AntholoRy, Literwry and 
PhiluMiphinil Joumn) in Greek, Italian, 
and nn);]i<th, i>uhli«hed uiianerly ut Corfu 
and reevived rt'^iuhrlyin Luiidoii. 

A Treatise on Primary Geology; being 
an EumiiMtJun, lioth PrKctiealarid Tfaeo- 
retiejvl. of tlip Older Formutions. By 
H S. Bo.iBi:, M.U. Serrelaryof thcRoyiJ 
Geological Society of Cornwall. 

Dacire, a Novel. Edited by tbe Coun- 
tess or M0RL£V. 

The Oden of Aristophanes. Witb 
Notes by U. P. CooKESLiiV. 

Ribliolbeea Seleeta. A Guide to the 
Formation of a Helen Libmry of (lie 
beat books in the dilFerent Branrhes of 
Scifnce and Literal arc. By W. T. 
Lowndes, editor of tbe Bibliogmpher's 
Manual. 

Ucftearrlies of the Rev. E. Smitii and 
R«v. H. G- O. DwiuuT in Armenia. 

Tale* of Woman'ii Triuli, By Mrs. 
S. C. Hall. 



lOVALSOtlKTy. 



Mag 89. J. W. Liilibock, wq. V. P. 
The readini; of Mr. t^ooper'n paper on 
the coluritir nys whJeU enter into the 



comp^Kilion of white lif;far, ^\-lu conrJiidtdl J 
nnd the folIuwinK papers were uNo read-.l 
a letter on the fSMse* di^ehur^ed from ihaJ 
rolauiic shwJ in ibc Mediteminean, byi 
Dr. John Davy, in reply to Dr. DauWnyi J 
Un the hiwfl that rrKuUte the motion of I 
jrtenm vessels, hy Peter Barlow, ctiq.t ' 
On the ronstructiun and application of 
nefjiitive achntmatic len*en, (n* hrou^jht to 

?ent perfertion by Gforge Dullond, L'sq. 
.R.:^.) by the Kamo [jenlleman; and 
part of. Remarks on the mode in which 
(he Eqiiilibriuin of Fluids is ueually 
treated, by James Ivorv, esq. 

Junt o. F. Baily, e-^q. V.P.— .Mr. 
Ivory's pAper was i-oneliidi-d, «r)d the 
eighth !%erie<iof Mr. Fiiradsy's rescarebes 
on Electricity wa» commenced. 

Several Fellows were elected, inddd* 
[n(t the Marquis of Breadaltuneand Lord 
Teipiraonth, the Rt. Hon. Sir Gmrge 
Rose-, and thi- llvu. George Elliot, Capt. 
R N. Sec. lo the Admiralrv. the Rev. 
Robert .Murphy. Dr.Witt, Rit-burd Twin- 
ing, esq. and tKe Rev. W. F. Hope. 

Jmhc 13. D. C. Broditf.esq. V.P. 

The foUowinft piipcr* were read; 1. 
On the Arcitof i'prmin Parabolic Curvea, 
by Henry Fox TaJhot. etiq. M.P. F.R.S. 
2. Kxpcrimeniul Keseunrbes on Elec- 
triciry, Eiithth Scries, by Michael Fsra- 
riav, ^'sq. D.C.L. F.R.S.&C. j 

j»w la F. Bmly. esq, V.P.— Mr, i 
Farsdsy'* paper wa^i concluded; nnd pa-J 
pern were road. On llie Teredo Nanillsl 
and Limimriu Terebninii.hy Mr. Thomp-l 
>uii, Sec. to the Nut. Hint. Soc, Belfast jj 



81 

Oil (lie Spliitix LiguxUcm, bv Mr. New- 
port; and on the Tor|>edo,by J. l>at7}Mq. 
Tbe Society adjourned to Nor. SUl 

GEOLOGKAL BOCISTY. 

Mai, -ii. lU>n<l, "On tbe Sienitie, 
Porphv-ritic, and Trap Rork* in Shrop- 
Mhire, Muntfromcnsliire, Herefordihire, 
'Worrcstersbire, Radnonbire, and Caer- 
[rartlifiixhire, and on the fonnations 
in contact with them, and on tbe proofi 
w)iich tht^y ufTord in support of Nener't 
th<Ktry of the ('onnexion of Metallic 
Vt.'ins with I^'ncou* Rocks, l^- R. I. Mur- 
L'binoi), esq, \', I'. 

June 4. RvaA, " Dr. Turner " Ob 
the action ot Sleom on Cilaia." — Mr. 
Tarlor, " On the r>tntla penetrated ill 
Mnkiii(;a well, at Dins in Norfolk." — Sir 
riiilip E)wrtyn, '• On the Bone Cavet 
of tbe Iluru und Franconia." — Mr. W«9- 
therell, " On tbe fo>i<tU fotrad iu linking 
a wvU on tbe »outh side of Hampateaa 
Ilestb." 

The Society adjourned to Nov. 5th. 

THi: UTrBARV rt'ND. 

Juiir 7. Tlii; forty-fifUi anntvemry, 
of this Society, waii obmrrved in Frecma- 
itonif.' Uall,by acumittny of about a bondred 
and twenty pcisons ; the Preridrnt, tbe 
Duke of Somerset} in tbe cbair. 

The sUndinR toart of •* Sueeeti to tbe 
Literary Fund " being given, Mr. Steb- 
hinj;, as the or^an of the reKiBtrara, kindly 
undertook to deacribe iti elaima to public 
patronage, which be did in a very able and 
feeling manner. Tbe Earl of Mulgrave 
proposed tbe health of tbe noble cbair- 
maii, and promised hereafter to avail 
himself of his office of Vice-Preaident in 
promoting the success of the IiutitutioD 
to tbe utmost of bi<i power. The Prince 
of C^ino being toasted, with striking 
emphasis and energj- roac and said: — 
'* Aux principes politiquea* trisor tacrf 
dc 1b Constitution Britannique! an do- 
micile invioUble du citoyen ! aujuryin- 
d^pendant ! k \a prisse Uhre ! au droit 
imprescriptible d'assodation ! Puissent 
ces liberty precieuses, qui font \'otrr 
bonbeur, devenir communes a la Fianccr 
qui depuis qiiarantc ana combat pour let 
obtenit! Puisse morement intellectuel 
qui agite I'Europe £tre partout constam- 
ment diri^ comme chez vous par le sen- 
timcntreligieux et par llnriolable respect 
d« ]» propri<t^ Puisaent ainsi tous lea 
pwylw aenalr aniai librea que le 
~^^ bomtilier de la Vfelle Angle- 
■1 ** lir. Emmcnon Tcnnant, in ■ 
LifMc^gm M. Tricoapi, tbe Greek 
m» who retufned thanka in good 
d^ Botieing that be bad been with 
a It kU laat hour. Mr. Lockbart. 
he Ulmtun of Seotlu'* 

, d» wnreliatii Mr. ' 



Literary tui SaaU^c ImtelUgaKe. 



tJ«V. 



tbe Royil Acndenys Dr. P m mII . md 
tbe Gl«gy ; were aevmlly g^TOH wni cfr* 
eited apMopriate thanka. Anovt tern 
oVlock Us Gnee rcthed, m4 Mr. Hook 
brine loudly cmlkd for. took tka cfaifa'. 
and kept up the aorial en i opwt of Aa 
compaiiy tUl towwda BMUgbt. 1m tin 
of bit p ie ai deacy be edM 



Capt. Marryatt, R.N.. Mr. Joha U onK 
Lieut Hobnan. the blind tmfcUer, mm 
RcT. Mr. Gleig. and otWii; faOow- 
ing tbe esurre, dwi^i to agnailit mt 
such meeti^t. of ftaming A» tOMtt av 
■■ to have MHDe penoR pw w t cob-: 
nceced with them who AvM wpmk im 
return. Above 80QL waaeoUeelcdiB tt» 
rooou and tbe suban^idaM titafm^m 
•mouBtcd to about SOOt, 

WaTALLATION OT THE DVKB OT mLUa- 
TOX Al CMaMCCLUW OT OXfDlB. -X 

The company began to tfrim in OadM^ 
on Saturday June 7, and in the mt^mff 
Christ Chureh Meadow waa filled wkM 
the last boat race for tbe scaaoa took 
place on tbe Isis. In the eM^K of 
Sunday the Meadow and the "WUm Wdk 
had a very py appearance, ftoa A* OMk 
course of fatbionable straniefB. 

From an early hour on Monfcy Mblik 
ing, carriages poured in fnm aO ftfli «ff 
tbe country with scarcely m btmrnH^ 
sion. Ten minutes before nor li dlii^ 
afternoon, tbe Chancellor entered I 
in hit open travelling cartiagB, ; 
by troops of mounted gowBNBcm lar 
townsmen, but, by his expresa itdt% via 
unattended by any proceauoa. At ttv 
door of University College; ofwUck Av' 
Vice-cbaocetlor u tbe Maater, he ■Hgklii^' 
amidst lond and continued ehccn tnm 
the crowds of gownsmen In At Wf^* 
street, and the H-iodowa of tbm dttfiHl 
bouses filU of elegantly drcaaed kAeii 
The Onke of Cumberland readhed IBM 
an hour eariier, and took up hb ndiamm 
at Mr. Canon Jelf^. At seven o*cloek^' 
bia Roval Highness honoured the l^en- 
chancellor »itn bia company at Aaner imr 
the lodgings of University CoUeRB^ to 
meet tbe Chaneellor, Lord Ehlon tiSbm 
H^h Steward), and a small TNUty. Prinea 
Uevcn, the Duchess de Dino, and n 
long list of noble vititora occujdcd the 
hotels. 

June 10. A little before eleven o'clod 
a long procession, with the Duke in U 
robes of office, set out from Universit; 
College, and proceeded to the Tbeatr* 
Tbe splendour of tbe dresses (amo 
which the noblemen's, richly laced v 
cold bars, and tbe habits of tbe headi 
houses, being scarlet with gold sleei 
and several military officers, were big 
fompicuout,) made it a very gay srr 

^ soon as the ri»it(>r» entered the " 



1834.] 



LUemry and Scientific Inivlliyence. 



85 



I 



aire, ibcre wu a pro»[>ect nlma!<t tin> 
d«2-iling to be looked upon. The riftriii,^ 
Minii'irck' oftbc thi-utre wtw roerved I'or 
tlw (lublpincii niul tdc doctOR., and immc- 
ttiatelj- lieliiiid Lt)i:iii were [iluccd the Indies 
ofpcers aiid membtini ol ttieir tatniUeu, of 
whom no U-«s tluui t^ixty were prewnt. 
The gillcry faring ttiU Hinicircle was 
rtikcrrfd vtilirely lur ludift. 

Aiws lUn iiiii|t'r(,'™dimu'ti h«d filled the 
galU-ry, itn uniuiuiiuu:* cry uruse huiuuk 
ili«in (or linxe clitera lor llie Duke ul 
WellinfEttiii. iiiey were hHvcnwitli much 
h«any %-ofifcniliuii, uiid ngnin mwllitfr 
cbevrfortlie <;ta«iiwllur ol the liiiver- 
«iy. Xhi' iiaiii*- ol' I'yer, one ot" the 
pnjcton, WW tlitii tit<i6cd. i» nt-n* tlnwc 
of l^url Grey und lIiv Loid i:bii»c<'llur. 
All tindcrgndiuile fM-liitming ^' itii; Ui< 
fthops," ibe cbeering wbh univerwU, dcat' 
«njng, Rud sliDo»t appalling. Lord W'yii- 
fyrd vntrrcd itie llitwre about thin time, 
Mid waan-ceived with iiii|il»uKe; bO, tou, 
was IajhI Lyiidbuml. Ibc "«J:t arrival 
of importaiuMi WUD that ol the Duke of 
Cumbfrlaiid, drettted as colonel of the 
16eb ilusBATH, nbi'ii a c-tu'ci wb« pruposed 
aiid given lor tlic (.'Imncellur ul tbc Liii* 
rersiiy of Dublin. 

HtuMi uiuT 1 1 o'clock, Dr. Croidi an- 
nniiiiivd upuii the oriian ibe upproacb of 
the Chiuii-eilor : in Ins tniiii camij the 
Marquis of Londonderry, Lord ilon- 
Ugii, Lord Ai>(»lcy, Lord Hill, I-ord Mn- 
bun, Sir <t. Murray, Sir H. Hardiiige, 
Sir T. Aclaiid, Sir iL ingU*. Mr. Eet- 
eourt. Sir Chiirleii WethcrcU, and tbe 
hendh of bouses. There were eleven 
nu-mbers of the episcopal bencli prciteiit, 
iiicluiiinj; the Arclibi»l)op» of Laiittibury, 
Vork, and Arnumb; ibe Biitbouii ol Ox. 
ford, Warcwrttr, Exeter, Ulouceslw, 
LltrndaS*, Hiid BurUndoeii. 

When the cheering! had subsided, the 
Cluuicellor openvd ilie busirw«s of the 
cOflVoeatioit in » shurt Latin speech, tiy 
statitTg that it was convened tu conicr tbe 
df*gree iif Doctor ot l.aw», Itunori* caMti, 
uiMm the following iiidividuuU; — Hniun 
l>edel, the Dutch Minivter; tbe Count 
Mntinewic, tbe lute Kubsiiin Minister; 
the Duke of Buccleucb. K. T. ; the Duke 
of NcwcattlJi', K. (;.; the Marriui* of 
Salisbury; the Man]uix uf JJutc; the 
Earls of WtncbcUea, Warwick, K.T., 
Delan-nrr, Rosslyn, G. C U.. Wilion, 
Bniu'iilo\r, Falmouth; Lords Fiiz> 
my SoniErsct, IC(.^ B ,tiruiivillc Somer- 
set, Fr»ni-i>i Egertoii, Viscount Slraiix* 
ford. G.C.n., I^rd Uuiybwrnli. tiie Kigbt 
Hon. Sir John \'uugliaii, kni. Judge uf 
the 4'oiniiion PIi'ii*, Sir Junett AUiin 
Purk^ km. Judge of the Corotnon Plwwi, 
and Sir Jamas Scarlett, km. King's 
Counsel. 

J)r. Phillimofe tbcii delivered tbe cus- 



toninry oration in Latin, and ttie degrees 
were conferred trriatiiH. 

Alter tbe new. made doetorn htd nit 
taken iheir ftcnti, the Public Umtor pro- 
ceeded to the Creweiaii Orafion. Aftef 
ihifi oration followed the Latin Poem, 
which gained the Chancellor'^ Priie tbll 
year, aud which wi» rwited by its 
author, Mr. Arthur Kensington, a teho- 
Iw of Trinity College; tbe sulijecl of 
it wan, "Ciitro ub exilio rcdiix Ro- 
m«m ioKreditur;" and .Mr. J. An*tire, 
B. A., lure Student of ('brt«l Cbiireb, and 
now The Profci^dorof CUssiral Litcmture 
in King** College, London, recited his 
English EnNiv, which alwi gained a 
(hunccllor's Prize — " 'i'hf Itrtliieiire of 
the Komun Conqnests upon Lilemtiire 
and the Art* in Komo." At twooVtcH-Ic 
the Theatre *vas nearly cleared of it-i vid- 
torv. Tbd Duke wai^ attended back as 
he came to the ThtBtrc, to l/niverMty 
College; and Bftertvard* his Grace made 
various calli« at the Colleger. 

Dr. CrolcIi'B new Oratorio, " The Capti> 
vityof Judiilt,''rominene<M)Hl the earlybour 
of balf-jwet four in tlie nftemoon. no arti- 
ficial light beiiiR permitted to be ii«ed in 
the Theatre. It was eartremely welt at-: 
tended. During this aOemoonV perform- 
ance, the Duke of Wellirijnon rranie into 
the tliearre, and remained there for a short 
dnie. Hi<i Grace Bi>pc«trcd in hix plain 
academic drew. The Viee-cbancellor 
entcnoined a party of 190 to dinntrin the 
Hull of the University College; and tbc 
princlnul female nobility dined nt tbe 
Angfi, where the Duke attended in tbe 
evening llie ilraniiiff-room of tbe t-'otiti- 
tcKK Brownlaw. hvery college bad it* 
own grand entertaiiuneiit. 

June W. Tbe weather being unpro- 
pitious, there was no proceniiion from 
University Collide, but about 1 1 o'clock 
ibc Duke rode in his state carriage to tb« 
(!laienilun Hoouim, adjoining the Theatre, 
where hiii Grace and tbc different Doble- 
men and doctors robed. 

The miiR-iirance of tbe Tlicntre watinot 
very dinercnt from that which it exhibited 
yesterday. Circum stances, however, ren- 
dered one alteration nrceitsaiy ; instead of 
the gallery in front of the neniicirde being 
filled with ladiem it wn« to-day filled witb 
tbe various pcrformem who were to take 
part in tbc Inatallatioii ode. Tberc was 
still room left in the side gallery for scr^ 
ral of the fair visitants. The upper gal- 
lery, which was occupied y^slenlny by the 
bachelors of arts and t^eniur underKi'udu- 
Blea, was to-dsy otvupicd hy ilie juiiini* 
undergmdoate*, who were still more 
roarioua tlion their predcci>n«ir« of j 
terday. In the Duke's train were 
ncwinade doctors, all in their i»cu 
robes and hoodfi. The Cbaacellor opcA* 



I 



I 




RG 



Tht Encfsma at Oxford. 



fJuTy. 



tbe Convorxtioii by itBdng tbnt it u'ss 
railed for tlie purpuKu uf ounrcrritiK bono- 
rery drp\>es on Kirv-tTHl iioblL>inen and 

Eeiitlcmen. lie thru ivud tbi' luUtiwinf; 
>[ of iiBmf«; — The Karl ot' (Jlainvil- 
luun. ijijrd Xorrcy, M.I'., Lord Muhon. 
Lord EiH'Oi»l>c, Lord A. Hill, Lurd 
Miii)i>o)i, Lord B^m"'* Lord Roditpy, 
Lord ^lIonbiKi), Lord Tpif;nmnuth, I.ord 
FiUKtriild ttiid Vesey. Lord Lyndhurst, 
Lord Wyiiliird, Lord ■rcmplcniorc. Lord 
Sriurt dV* ItotlK^y. Sir Uu-tsry Viiiiui, 
(.JentTKl Sfbliiunifl'. Him. T. rarker, 
Bl. Hem. C -ArliiilUiiot, Ht. i^o^. H. 
Piprropoint, Kt. Hou. H. tJoiilburn, 
M. P., Hon. tr. ». Trevor, M P., 
Hon MountKTiiiirt tllpbiixtuiip, Hon. 
V. S|H'iii'cr. When thv turn cutnf for 

C^forming l\te ceremony of presenting 
Drd Encfiinbe. every eye was tixed 
upon tbt> Karl of I-Udoa. J'hc kcene wu 
Dion inleri'Hiiiig. Tbe old iimd wm af- 
fected tvlevsiuid bid bii fuce from view. 
On Lord Encombe'A mnuiiling tbe ^tejis 
to tbe Doctors' M«t, the CbBncellor »book 
bim by tbe band, aihI immedintely nuula 
way for bim to \wis to bin exulting and 
gnuilicd ^niitd^lher. Dv>-iilcd mnr^n of 
appUu** wtTC IwMowed on I-ord Lynd- 
buMt, Lonl Wynford, uid Sir liwtey 
Vivian. Mr. froidbuni. one of tbe re- 

K[8enr.ilivei fur tbe I'liirersiiy of Caiu- 
dge, met witb an pntbuniuidc rrccp< 
tion; ito, TOO, did Lunt Scuurlde itoib^iy. 

Aricr t'lv d€>;re('S bud been ronftrred, 
the liiHtHllBliun (Jde, written bv the Kev. 
John Keble, .M.A. Fellow of Oriel Col- 
Ifge, wiw perfonued. Tbe inuAtc wb« 
CMnpo»d by Ur. Crotcb, and the vontl 
pBlt* pprfurmed by Mndiinie Cnradori, 
Mr*. W. Knyvelt, Mr. PhiDtpn, Mr. 
Maehiii, IfiV. 

Mr. Robert Scott, D.A. Student of 
Christ (jhiiirb, recited )ii» Chmieellur's 
Latin Pnjic K»»«)r, *' Vc Pryviitciurura 
RoiUflliartiiii ad<i*ini«lrniidMium ntlionc;' 
Wtd Mr. JuMph Aniuuld, Scholur of 
Wndbuin, r>H:iicd bi« Kii|{li>>b Poem, 
** The IJiwpice ut Sl lioriinrd," wbicb 
vrntalavK Cluu>i'*'llor'> Prii:<>. Kive nd- 
dlWMii* lo tbe Duke were tlicn pto- 
notinred from ibc Ittntm; tbo«p by I«ord 
Uftidotone. <if Chrixt Clburrbi the eldr^t 
K» of the fcUil of Wiiicb«:l>tf«. »iid Mr. 
J. Witkfiis ScboUr of BbIUoI, were 
£n)cti9>h Ptxm*. Tbefe were two l^tin 
Ode*, in difrvrrnt nH-lrv*. rcrited by 
Lord L^veMin, of Christ t l)iir«-li. «nd Mr. 
J. (.L Pfiuli«rd. Stholjirof Trinity; and 
Mr .-Mlfi-d LUtyd, S. I».l»r of Wadham, 
nrited ■ short »rt of 'jref k vrrvt-*. 

UeCwren two «nd tbrrv o't-lurki ilic 
GoDvocatiiHi WM dJtMtlved. At lutlf* 
past four the .MisceJUnouiM (.lane«tt coai< 
uicoced, «iul ih« TbcAtn vm uac« nwfc 




filled with comptny, of which (MW-1bU 
coiwisted of Udie*. 

To ^ve B proper dearripttuci of iW 
f4u wbicb touk place in tbe i)iH|rnifiret4 
linll q1' Chriiit (Jburrh on iKim dny, t« 
very much beyund our limito. Nearly 40U 
perxonii, inclndinfc fhe ALMidH-n-ol the So- 
ciety, tnt dowu tu thi>i »plendid riinner. 

In the cvciiin;; ttio new Chaocelkr 
went to the ^raiid bait Ht tlie .Star lloCd, 
where not more ttiwi MO individual*, u 
furtbeitt, ruuld find unytbiiif; like ■ ruD*»* 
nient f-pmrv fur diinciitK or moving ; boc 
ticket* htui been iuued fur not less Ihui 
eighteen hundred ! 

Jirir ]i. On Tbur«dny there WM ■• 
Convocution holden. In tbe aiorniii|^ 
the Anniverwiry Meeting of the Cover- 
non of the Kadrliffe lofiroikry took 
plnce in the Aaddiffe Librarr. whet« lb* 
(3tiiin<-#Ili>r, tbe Vlee>riuuieeilar. Kiid tb« 
Dobleineii, tbf> brids of bou!i«» nud otbK 
doctora nMwnibU'd ; siid.iihoiit 11 o'rlodEt 
•11 trent in ^rsnd nrureKKion lu tbe chiMb 
of St. Mary. The lUv. Jownb We«, 
M.A. one of the chAplains of New Gil- 
Wxr, otfieinled in the reKdiriK dc«k, awl 
cbnunied tbe serviix' in % ftul, clc«r*nid 
dintinrt voice. The Bisliop of Oxford 
delivered an uu^llent di^cuur%e for the 
benefit of the Radt-liAe InfirmKry. Hii 
appeal to the nL«t and affluent oaag^ngii- 
tion produced up^Ta^bt of 223/, 

Serviee U'&« not over till half-jiMt oa> 
o'clock, and filtortly after the uvkt at 
WeUijicton beld a levee ot the Clarondaa 
Rouin«. In tbe uftcmoon ibere WW 
snolbur euneort ut. the Theatre. 

A moct xpletidid dinner wa» giTtii la 
the Ckancellur by Sl Jobu'M Cotlc^K 
where iipwHrrU of one hundred and hstf 
mU don II, Dr. Wytiler, ibe Prcsidtlt^ 
beini; it) thecbtiir. 

At tbe CounteHK Brtnvnlow'a dnwte(. 
room at tli« Anj;el Hotel tbi» evcitmp 
the nobility and pcrsonfl of distJiictMa 
were vcrv nuincroui. 

Jnnf 13. 'Vhe proceition of Friday 
wilt Mniilnr in iti> t>plfiiduiir tti thotie «f 
(Iw daya preceding, and went from lb« 
Qatendon. It wa«, howeii-r, increM«4 
by tbe now dlM-lnr* of Wediie!>day. TM 
fallowing Iionomry degrees otD. CL^i 



I 



1 



« 



• - 'fl 

were conferred: — Earl of UarTiiHiulb (^1 

Vif-muiit Cule; Lieut.-(ten. Sir HeMTf^l 

Kane. (t.C.lJ. ; Sirs J. Uibom, barL«JH 

ut i 



lorn, barL« 
C Morintii, bnri., ('. Knik-btley, bwt, 
J. Dtiin Pi>i)l.lMrt.,Miid A. Couppr.bait i 
Col. Jsif William (;omin, K.C.D. i 
C, H'ottierelt, king's isiiinfel ; W. 
Luwnde*. Sloiie, (*•<]. hipb •berifT of __ 
ford, A. Ilannir, esij. M.P., J. Bulltt 
ta»I. enj, K. T. Folev. wq. W. p., (.^o*. 
K. Ml^oimliy, M, P..t . RtHa. r^i. M P 
C. Vwkc, ewj. MP., \\\ IL Cmnvriaim 



1834.1 



Literary and Scieniific laUUigence. 



fi7 



tM\. M.P.. T. Wood, esq. M.P., T. Puf- 
Girld,e»q.M.P.. CoL A. Pefwvil, M.P., 
LieiiL-Col. T. Moody, U. Frere, esq., 
J. Hcmin|{. esq , Evelyn J. SMrlfy, esq., 
Alfx. Srtitt Murray, c^q., W. Bui^v, e«q. 
M.A-, J. (tiIi*on Lofkhnrt, Mq. B.C.L., 
J. L«wi« Knight, ewj. king'» counsel, W, 
StpvrDM, fMi- M.D.. R. Jorikiiig, esq., 
D. Wilkie. <rf>q. R.A.. E. Blor«, esq. 
F.S.A., Archirert. 

SLMvralKrnlU-mtTKipokcfroDillierostni, 
uid ih'-- vvbulc* Cuiicluded uitb t))c renta* 
tionoffcomevcnesiaddreM^ to tl)« Cbnii- 
crllor. wridfii by Mr. John (Jniham of 
WHdbntn Collets, which m;rc highly ap. 
pUudt-d. 

A ftpteitdid tirjtunS wa« •fterwHrdi; Riven 
in the Library of All SoiiIb' Cnllt-ge, at 
whirb wppe pro*(fnl tht' ('hanwillor, ihe 
Duke of CumberUnd, ind upwnrds uf 
300 of the nubility, Indies, heads of col- 
leger, SiL-. The fL>uiviticii ncFL- concludtMl, 
with tl.c third Coiiwrt of miscelliuwons 
muiic. whicfc romMitiirctl at tutll-iiant four. 
TliiH terniiftulcd one of (hv iiii»t nuipii- 
fiopiil nnil triiim pliant rclebrslioiifi ev«r 
wtlntrKsed in Oxiord. It is int<>nd«l toli« 
remnliH) in two puhltraiinn*. one lor rotn- 
mon n'h-renre, nnd the otbt-r in eltrpliant 
folio, cmbrl!i«'lM.*d w ji li porlraitA and views. 
OxroBD, June 14. 
The fullon-iti); Hub)eL-|s irr piropo»rd for 
ibe CIj»ncvllor'B Friaes, for the citsulnt,' 
y«ir, vif. : — 

For Ijitin Verge — '^Jultsnus Troperator 
Ti'inphim Hieroflolymitanuin inMtuurare 
aggrediror," 

fhr an EngiUh EMijf—" Theinfliienre 
of Ancient Omvlcs on puMtc and private 
Life," 

For a fMlht Emmo^—'' De Jure CUen- 
lelte opud HuntBrios.'* 

^i*- Ragrr .Wieiiiffatt't Prise in EMgHth 
Vertt, — •• The Burning of Moacow.™ 
CAKltitinr.E, Min/'m. 
Sir W. Browne's MediilK were adjudged 
an follows: — 

Grefk Ode-^Chur\ci Clayton, Caiui.— 
Subject, •■ Ni^rr nuvit^lntiA." 

iMlim Ode—liuH. ClniB. Stuart Siivile, 

QiieeuV Suhiet'l, " Au«tnili<i cxptdilio 

Jolmntiirt Kredcrici (joUcliBi fit:radiel» 
rquiti>i vurnti." 

Kp'irraint - Jainn I. Smith. Trinity. 
—Suliirrt. " Srire rutim nihil nf. nidi te 
win imr mr'tat alter." 

jHHf 7. — Porttm jrrixf, Edw. Howes, 
of Trinity Collnre. Siibjet-t, ** King VK- 
f/wrrf //., Act III., Scone i, bef^innlng. 
K.Itiffu — "LftN tJilk of gruves, oiwomu 
and epitaphii;" and endiiiig, 
•■ How can you My to tne— I ini a King V" 
Mtmhcrt' .PrisM— Noae adjudged. 

TBK PAVTHEOW. 

The specious building Itm^ known by 



the name of ^' t}ie Pantheon," in Oxford 
Street, wrjs many years a^o, converted 
into a colo«iwl theatre, whicb, having been 
too large for any rational purpo'te of dm- 
ntatie rcpresLMilaiion, ha!* nearly ever niiicc 
rendered the valuable situation it encum- 
bercd profitless to its proprietonu This 
ui*cU-«K htriicture, nnd •■oine of the udjarent 
buildiiif^K, biive ul lenc;tli lieeii regilnccd by 
an e)>tiiblt<-1niicitt M-bich i« likt-ly to prove 
a 1i»ting iuiirre uf pratilimiioii and utility 
to the public, and of emolutnciit to tbuu- 
•aiidc of in)tenioiiA and indu;itrious pcr- 
ions. The new eftnbli^hnieiit eoimiMia 
of, 1. Hpaciou« saloons and gNllrrirtt for 
tbet'xbibitionand f-aleof aiicient and mo- 
dern sculpture, [»tit)tir(;s, and all other 
workit belonging to tbtr lint' biIa, ro which 
viMlots are udriiilted gnitiritnu^ly ; "i, a 
iMZMirofunfHjtiuIlitl extent and splendour; 
and, 3. a cont^erv-atory and aviary, which 
form (in elegant entrance Iroiii'-Marlbo- 
rough Street. The arcliitcct is Air. Syd- 
ney Smirke, F.S.A. who ba* certainly 
added by this structure to bi« lonnitr high 
rejtul&lion. 

There remains but a small portion of 
the former erection, niOHt nf (be walla 
having Iw-en eiKirely rebuilt — the old roof- 
ing removed uitd a new one subntitutedi 
whit-h iH renmrkuble for its lii^hUwKK and ' 
clcRancc of L-oii»tructiou. The f>xfopJ 
Street front ri-ntain^, but with tlip add!* 
tion of a Dew portico of eight Doric eo. 
liimni. There are tliree diittinet en- 
trances two of which are devoted to the 
public; rb« priiici|>»l one from Oxford 
Street, tliH otlwi from Great Miirlbo- 
ruiigh Sircet; wbil«t the third entrance 
fVom Poland Street is i'c»rrveil for th* 
renters and Fier\-unta of the ei^tubltslimem. 
From Oxibrd Street, the MMtin- ticht en. 
tent a hull, ornamented uitU M^liola 
columns; to \\m right and U-ft of uhic^ 
extend rhc lobbii-N, or latber nloons, all' 
of which arc dtMlined for the reception ol 
work* of sculpture, modelft, end artidet 
ufvir/u. The gmnd suircnse. built of. 
oiik,iii the mastive Italian style. Ia Jmine* 
diattly in the centre, attd on the left i» lh« 
ehiel entrance to the great mom of the 
b«z.Tar, whieh meu^urts lIGfcel by *M\ 
and is f<iirrounii<eii by a deep and KjKirioiifl 
gallery, b«jtb of which, with some Hmullet 
a^MUliiwnts on (he aoutb and etittt, are fuiw 
ni)>hed with rounler*. Th«« roof i* arched, 
alTurdiiig an abundance of ligtil fiotn 
curved lights, ranged ten on cin'h nid^. 
The comparimcnts uf rhe cviliukt urc nrnA* 
mcnted wiib riclily enibu»u-d nnd foliated 
enrichments, the luedalliani in cneli altera 
iiiiCe paliiiel being so rontilrfirted ua t<| 
form a venlilutur. A vcr\- rich inodillioit 
cornice runs over the arches on eltho^ 
aide, and the spaodrils between are dfl 
mraied vritb Hgtim in relief, u( vn^idi 



£ •. 



The PitiUAeon. 



. [July. 



»i:'l extviiiii-d wini:s bearing (rarlands. 

'J'iii-it ui'iifiiii(.'Tito liiivi' licfn imxlrllcd and 

fxtri'titi'i I'l Uiv imr.r.ivrd papier iiiarbr, 

Itj Mr. (■•;;.!,. - 1-. iJi. iflrlil, of the .V'w 

liijiid ; tlin: til iti riiJ \h.\u^ mucli mure 

i-u-i V ii|iv:>> ') ti.'iri ]-\:t-u.-T. ftrid n-rjiiiriirff 

iiu ti'ii.r I'jr *lf>::i_*. '(.•■ ifAnurimt i-i i)n>- 

(■(-Liltd wiUi iii!ir,tiJi.i"-ly tlit- oniuiiu-iitd 

uTi' liv rl. uikI Tti<- vt'Jik lliL-n-l))- iiiucli fa- 

i-iiitbM-d. '1\.*: oruaniciiti ot (lie I'aii- 

ll.vori ar.- l)n: Inr;:r-l jtrt vxi'fiited in 

KiiL'^tii'l ill |i.i|ti<T fi(.i(-iip. It may bo 

ri'iiiAiked tliat tlit* nnv iimtiTiHl Wd.-i old 

c^iriiidtTL- iiri|jiT ItuiiL'lit frofii tin.- tinny 

st»jri-. 'J'hc ttlntli- uri' iHsU'liillr ctilotir- 

v(l; itiid ill ciicli t-iid ot iho i-i'iliiiL; )•« a 

iiiiik'tiitii'i'iit rimilar wiiidutv lilltM with 

stitiiii-d iiln^H. Honiail urclit's, tnnnii);; (lie 

lai;iidr nf tin- frill I frit's, are ttif ervat j-iiji- 

jxnt tit' tiic root'. 'Jill' sr|iiiirv' jnllars 

fniiii wliicii they s|iiirn:. uiid iht- sulHts of 

ttu- arclic-i, <-i>iit]ii[i Arabesque jiaiiitinir^, 

biMiititiilly cxiTiiti'd on iuii(.'i> ot Cin^-u^ ; 

tlwy coii-i^t ot" M-nilU, iluwvni. fruit, and 

hti'ds. |iiiiiiti-d in tin- ino^t vivid colours. 

<iii 11 purt- \iliito LTotind. fnim droiini* by 

^Ir. Oiiirli's Jiiiiifn Uit-biirdstiii, arc-lutf>-t, 

H pii|iil of ^'iT .Idim Stianc. and i'\ei-iitid 

by I.iiiiib'ilrtiL-. liLkif, Jone^. &c., uiidiT 

till* !.iiiuriii:i[Mj:ini-i' of iJr. lVa[*(in of 

ll.in'.v.iy S;ri-i't. Tliis portion ot tbe 

t'lii'H'ili^iiiLi i:!-. lo-i-niblin^ the lo-.'iiias of 

the \'iiti--.i:i. wiil lirrn. if we mist-ike not, 

n iii-'iv tT^ iji t^c L-ii.bi-Iii>hm('iit of public 

builiii; iT* ['A Kj.liiiid. The paititirii;siire 

in oil. a:id not i;i trt-^t'o, or di'tcuijier: 

the U'.v ar'tiniil- at the 'lattt-r, hilliirto 

nudi' in tl.:» rmintn'. bavin;:, from tbe 

datnpm'^'- ot oiif atii'i-pliiTt'. cither par- 

tiallv iir ulu'liy t.iiii'!. The pTi'ator part 

of tlu'si" anitx'-niii- ;iri.' not nirre diciini- 

tion^ in the t!;iii<y !iU\e of sivno-paint- 

int:; but very Mijx'riur works of art, iiiid 

the L'liienil ellVi't is highly ])icture-Mjiii> 

and lit civ. 

In tbe arriiiitTi iivnt of tbe coiinteris, 
some of ^\liich arc of a circular form, roii- 
MdiT.ililc ta^ti' )i.,- been rli>pl:ived, m> a> 
tO)iir-i-iit to iln' e\c from the k:.i]lcry a 
coin|ilelc p:ir[crro or laliyrinth. A iiui. 
saie gohl niilini:. eoii'^i-liii^rof ornumcnted 
trelli'« work, in piod kccjiini: with the 
other deetiralioiis, siirromnN ihc <i:i!liTV. 
On its eaiit Kide is a room in the (iirni of 
acrosR crowned by a iloinc, which bus n 
neat ind elegant appe,ir,iiii-c : and at the 
lOUth eod, IK another room of a ctri'Mi..r 
form, supported by columns of l)ic < \'n:]- 
thian oiilvr, the eiiirancc iuro \\;i.cli i^ 
fonilfd by thr»'c archc.l o|iciiiiiL,-. 'I'lic 
TOW from the latter, throujib tiic arcln ^, 
kjoking along the wholv evtenc of rhc 
fauildiiiKi bv iiu cllcer. At 

the other ry, In-iji:; rhc 

north or ^ tn cleiniiK 



screen/ with scagliola columns, cornice, 
and entabUturc, fonns tbe entrance to 
the Saloon of ruiiitiniTA. 'J'hifi is a room 
oO feet by 5i:i, li^'hted from the roof. To 
thiK )K annexed a second Kaloon, "H fpft 
ttquari', and side gallerii's. leadinj; to the 
(irand Staircase, 'riiert' are, altoftcther, 
IJiUUU feet of square toirface lor the 
reception of works of art, for the gratuit- 
ous exhibition ot which an exivedinglj 
advantaj^ous medium i» th\i* afforded to 
artists. There are now some ver}* choice 
ivorkit from \Ve»talI, Daniell, Landscer, 
(.'baton. Ward, rtJartin, Dnnnmond, 
IVentis, &c. &c., which continue to 
attract a veT>- numerous and tiishioiiahle 
company. E^evcnil pi(*turt's have already 
been sold; which will establish it as ft 
Mart for sale of works of art. Thia 
department is under the control of &Ir. 
Ay toil. 

Deseendiii); to the frround floors and 
passin^r through the bazaar, at the opposite 
or south side of the great room, is a i-esti- 
bule of elliptical form, supported by 
columns in imitation of nriegated mar- 
ble, and lighted by windows containing 
lery beautiful embossed gla>s; wmi- 
circular counters till up the spaces be- 
tween the cohiinnii. Turning to tbe righ^ 
we enter the C'onservuturr, which is 
erected on tbe long space of ground, for- 
merly one of tbe gurdens behind Gnat 
^larlborousli-stn-et. A siwcious alcove^ 
now at our back. 1^ destined for the sale 
and exhibition of \-anous kinds of orna- 
mental birds, in front of which, a foun- 
tain and marble basin add greotly to the 
picturesque eburaeter of the »«*eiie. At 
tbe fni-ibi.'r cn>l, alnive ^loorinb arches* 
arc three lar;.'e plates of looking-glass, 
which ntV'ct the extent of the conserva- 
tory, fonnt.iii), and aviarv, and apparently 
iloiib'e their Kniitb. The roof is of an 
arched form, aud eoristructed with iron 
lib!;, hav.n^' a lace-work appeaianre. 
Here aUo arc ■^mnc nni<iut' ornaments of 
paicitiiig. dc^iL;ii>i| in the Persian Ktyle, 
by Atr. ('. J. lt-.cbiinl''on. The pbints 
arc lor sale, atul M-lting well. iJe>'ond is 
anap|)rt>pr;ate \\uitin:;-rtMim. well adapted 
to tbe voiivciiiciiee ui \i-'iiors. from the 
facility oircnd by ^liiriboroni^h-street, 
tor the quid and tininolcstcd standing of 
their car. i.c'is. The extent of the prc- 
niixc- oiler- mi ii-<iii[i'rrnj>ted line of 330 
feci ill hiiiTib. N.it the lea-t rtmarkable 
|i:n'ticiilar ci'iiiicrlol with tins t^litice, ii 
tlic rajmlitv \Miii wliicb it has been 
cii-i'Iiit. \\'>tii:iikii coniunnccd pulling 
down ibe i>i>i hdiitlin^' Dciobcr II. Ib33; 
the new builijini; was cuinpleted and 
oncfieil to the public, May :f!\ ItsitV, 
Tlie manager of tbe concem is Mr. H- 
It. Uichnrdson. 



ANTIQUARIAN HKSKAHCHES. 




SOt'lKTY nr ANTtltUASICS. 

jVtfv^. Henry IJallnm. esq. V.P. 

VVilluin W. Manspll. nw). of Jolin- 
ftrocl, Bedford. row, was eJrrted a Krl- 
lon- of the Sodely; and Air. Leojiold 
Atigiiftui WumkocriiK, formrrly Pro- 
frsKor of Litw at tbe I 'ntverKity at L\v^eJ 
then of I.oiii'utno, iind iiou' Hltinf^ that 
O&rf at Olinit, author cf many warko on 
jiiritpnidcrtrp, nnt) rn|rBgi>H upon the 
parly bi^tory of PI&Ddcis. was elected a 
i'ori^ifm Member. 

J. y. Akcnuaji, esq. F.S.A. ex- 
hibited a nuiuiiii coin of lar^e brasy, 
fuuiid on fitilliiig down tlic huu«e of 
Mfssrs. (.'hiUtif and i'o. Ilsticrs, on 
Miih-HtTVi't'hill, in mukint,' the appmnchps 
to the new I^nrion Bridyji'. Obv. a 
head of Wfl(a«ian ; K4<v. witiiiit • wreaUi, 
s. r. a. ». oa cives bervatok. 

The Bit>b(jp at Bulb and Wetli px- 
liibittd a larj^c ancient rin^ lately found 
near liU rotTHRc at Bitnwdl, StjmerRrt. 
It is of (vbite nielbl, chu^ctl, wilb a prr- 
furatitig |>flllt!ni, itnd set n-itli n pro- 
truding red fiat\f, having a atnall lion 
pwMiit well ent^Taved 

Willium Viiiing Oiilry, e«q. K.S.A. 
rtinnniiinriilnl n meiiKjir im the antiquity 
of I*a|)er, chiefly extracted from foretcn 
writer* oil iht- ftubjett, and inclnding 
■omr arcount of the most ancient mo- 
namentx in that nuiterial nowrxietini^ in 
Europp. The art, oripnnling in Chinn, 
uu< imn^ported to Persin, ihenre lo 
Ar.kbia. nnd waK lirnii^bt by the Arab* 
into Aftira and Spain, where two e«- 
lablinhmcrH wore formed in the I2ili 
eentury. promoted and piitroniced by tht* 
lilemr)' mnnarch AlphiuiMi. DortimenLK 
OH ibiii material arc preserved in p'ranrc, 
of the upc of St. I^ouis, and in Kngland, 
of \'Mi, thotii^h ont of the pn'viou* cen- 
tury bus been asserted. Mr. Ottley en- 
l«Ti-d into the f|np<<tion of the comparative 
antiqinry of cotton or linen iraper, ibe 
priurity bavinK been generally j^ven to 
the former, and uU above u arrtuii] af[e de- 
rlared to tie cotton ; and be Khowred that 
linen paper waa itrrtainly of equal anti* 
*Hiitr in come eountriex, timt nmterial 
having' bvtrii nuturally adopted wbieh was 
nearest at bund. 
jMne &. Hudson Giirney, esq. V.P. 

The Rev. Jo#eph Hunter, F.S.A. 
whibited a very early specimen of paper 
used in Bosland. beitiic un ojn'cvnient be- 
tween KitiK Iticburd II. and Tbotnu of 
lVoodsto<-l(, and therefore beloneinff to 
the jreriod I;i77— 1^8,'*. it i» ihiek in 

UutT. Mao. \ou IL 



tcxcurc, ntid tviihoiit a waier-inarlr, 
whieh, however, mar have been placed 
on the other part of tlic frhecU 

Mr. OttleyU paper on miiruseular writ- 
inp, &c. wna then continued. 

June 12. H. fiurney, e*q. V. P. 

.Tub II rbamberlain Reeve, nq. wa* 
eJeetwl Fellow of ibc Soi-iely. 

Henry Ho«-nrd, esq. ethihtled a larjre 
facsimile drawing inide Ir)' Kiehard AU 
mack. esq. F.S.A. of the fietireoflDifliatn 
brnuarD. Cbeff 7u>n< of 7nBlonb, in 

one of the M'indow* of Long Melford 
(Jbureb, SutTolk, jirviuraed to be a nearly 
eonteiiiporury ponniit of tbul great an- 
eestor " of till the Horturds." Also 
MJinc lithotrapbic prints, from portraits of 
llip Hn^vants, formerlv in the windowK 
of Lung Mrlford ahA Siuke Neylnnd 
Chnrclii*^, nnd in sepulchral braHttes at 
Ijitnlieth. from drawinifit miide in 1037. 
and now in the pufiseddion of the Earl of 
Nurlbainpton 

Sir Kredenek Madden, F.S.A.eoni- 
muniented M)me notiets of \m\'* (jmt- 
bufe, Farlof Winchester, temp. L^dw.IV. 
In iliualration of an inedileo account of 
biti reception in Eiicland in WTd, and 
creation lo the Eandorn, in the Add. 
MS (Brit. Mii^.) 0113; Sir F. Mad. 
den iil»o noticed a foUo HHrl. MS. of 
the works of ChnMiana of Piw, uhirh, 
from the autographs on the fly leaf, is 
iihown to have belonged curoeoKively to 
" Jaquctte," I>uche*» of Bedford ; to her 
•on, '• A. Hivien-s,' Lord SotileR; to 
" Gruthiisc :'• and lastly, to the Duke of 
NewoiRtle, in Ibe 17th ecntiiry, Aa 
Lord Hi vers traiisUtcd the Proverb* of 
" (.'brystyne of Pjite," ami gave thrm lo 
Ctixtoii to iirint, it is very probable he 
look ihcm from this identical volume. It 
ill a mngiiilirciit folio MS. with nplendld 
illuniinatimi-i. The library of rmithune 
in ntill entire at Pari*, and has \w<-t\ dr- 
scribed by M. Van Praet. Wiiether 
this volume h-bs accidentally se)iAnited 
from it, or whether Ibe illustrious 
Fleming poraesaed it merely whilst in 
Fii^lund. cannot now be ascertained. 

JuHK Ift. W, R. Hamilton, esq. \'. P. 

'I'hB contpmponu-y account of the en- 
tertainment ot GnitauKe was read It is 
minutely rireumstsiitial, and a very cu- 
rious illustnitiun both of the reremontalt 
and economy of the Cviirt of Edw. 1 V. 

Mr. Oltley'it long e«9uy on ancient ma- 
iiUM:rip(s WM cotichidcd. 

The Society then adjourned to ike 
20th of November. 
N 



I 



I 



I 



MHiiquartan Researches. 



LJnly. 



LADY CHAPEL, ST. MABY OVEttY. 

Jnne2\. A Gpnernl Meeting of the 
Friends and Subscribers to tfae Re- 
storation of this elegant Building, was 
held in the Chnpel, for tbc pur|>oBe of 
receiving tbe Report of the Committee. 

The Lord Bishop of Winchester, on 
the motion of J. I. Briscoe, t-sq. M. P. 
was unanimously voted to the chisir, and 
opened tbc business in an eloquent and 
appropriate address, in wliicli his Lord- 
ship adverted briefly but forcibly to the 
pit^ess of tbc restoration. 

The Report was then read by the 
Honotsry Si^crctary, Mr. E L f^rlos, 
which detailed at length the proceedings 
of the Committee. The presen'»tion of 
the Chapel, and the proc-uriiig a spare of 
130 feet in front, to afford a perfect view 
of the ancient Church and the re^^tored 
Chajwl, were tbe objects w hich have been 
auccessfullyachieved bytbe Committee. 

We regretted to bear that the Com- 
mittee were under the nt'(Tes«ity of mak- 
ing another appeal to tfae public, in con- 
sequence of the expenses attending the 
application to Parliament, and the con- 
test in the pari^^h. having, with the con- 
tract, far exceeded the subscriptions. 

Tbe entire amount of ex- 
penses, including i,'.:i?,3H0, 
tbe sum paid to Mr. I^art- 
ley, the contractor for tbe i,'. $. d, 
restoration, has been y,7()() \\ » 

The subscription only 
amounted to 2,G^ 2 

Leaving a dcticiency 

to be provided fur of £.\,\Hi 12 9 

The Committee ajipeal to public 
liberality, to enable them to discliurgc 
this debt, and as it ajipears that the 
funds necessary for the purposes of tbe 
Committee have l>eeii lilwmlly advanced 
by Thoma"! Saunders, esq. I-'.S.A. tlie 
gentleman to whose individual exertions 
tbc Lady Chapel was so much in. 
debted. we trust that the appeal will 
be liberally received by the public, and 
that a gentleman who has so disinte- 
reiitedly given up so much of his time, 
and devoted his most zealous servirei to 
the cause, M-iil not be allowed to be a 
loser in a p(>cuniary jiuint of view. 

It gave us great pleasure to see the 
lx>rd Bishop of the diocese supported 
by tbe I*oni [.ieuten;nit of tbe county 
(Lord Arclen). Tbe ri-alous support 
given by the excellent Prelate to the 
undertaking in its curly i<tages attends 
the work to its conetusion. 

The Meeting was respectably at- 
tended ; besMlc" the Lord BiKbup iil 
Winchr-ler uiitl l.(<i<| .\iden, we uli. 
•crved .1. I, Bri-coi', i.r-<\. M. P.; J. 
Rtchurd-<, eo<|. M. P.j tlie Rev. Dis. 



Dakins, Fancourt, Russell, and Ken- 
ney; the Rev. W. Mann and tfae Rev. 
W. Curling, Chaplains; Wm. Pajnter 
and Ja^. Sydney Taylor, esq. Barriitten at 
Law; P.H. Lcathestcsq., A.J. Kempe, 
esq., R. Taylor, esq., L. N. Cottingham, 
esq., and C R. Corner, esq., Fellows of 
the Society of Antiquaries; B. Har- 
rison, esq. Treasurer of Gtiy'n Hos- 
pital; Sanuel Paynter, esq.. J. B. Bitr> 
bage, esq., John Woolley, esq. and many 
other distinguished individuals. 

It is satisfactory to add, that trnwards 
of ^370 was collected at the Meetirig, 
including the muiiitieent oddirional sub- 
scriptions of £\00 from Messrs. Bar- 
clay, Perkins, and Co. ; £'58. 10*. from 
Messrs. C A. and W. Potts; 20 gui- 
mtas each from Samuel Paynter and T. 
Saunders, esq, F.S..'\. and jL'SO from B. 
Harrison, esq. besides mqiiy donations of 
£\0. lUf. and smaller sums from gen- 
tlemen who had previously subscribed. 

SALKS OF COINS. 

On the 5th of May last a sale of a mis- 
cellnneous collection of coins took place 
nt Alfssrs. Sotbeby and Sont^ Tfae col- 
lection comprised a few Greek and Ro- 
man Coins ; but principally consisted tA 
P^nglish Coins and modem Aledals of dif- 
ferent nations. There were also many 
lots of tradesmens' Tokens of tfae 17th 
centnrj-, of nearly every county in Eng- 
land- The following were the principal : 

PennitM, iialfpence, and FbrlMiiga. 
A Penny of William tbe First, front 

faced bust, holding two seei)lres, struck 

at Nottingham, II. 
A Penny of' Henrj- the First, front face* 

with annulets strurk at I>ondon, 18a. 
Another with I'ull-fuced portrait holding 

two sceptres, struck at KocbeiKter, 16«. 
Another with full-lared portrait faolding 

a sceptre, strurk at London, ISr. 
A notlier with a rose before the head, side- 

f«L-ed. 3!/ y#. 
Another with sidcfacc to the right, struck 

at Bristol, t/ 12*. 
Stephen, bi^ head crowned and in pro6Ie 

to the left, holding a sceptre, struck al 

(.'anterbury (uHpuhUihed ), 2/, 7#. 
Kustacc, ■a.ith the lion ; damaged, tl. 6t 
Stephen and Henry, their effi^L-c join- 
ing bands, '.il. 5«. 
1'hv flirt/ling' ot .folin, bis head within a 

triangle, struck at Waterfunl; well 

preserved, 9i. i)i 
The proof gront struck by one of the 

three Kdwards, "£/. (>f. 
Tbe farlbing of Edward III. struck at 

York. II. in*. 
The penny of Ricburd III. vrilhS. on the 

hicast of the portrait, struck by ,■■' ^ 

Sherwood, 1/.8*. 



1834.] 



Antiquarian Researches. — SaUs of Coins. 



■91 



The halfJMnny of Ricfaard III. Rate 
mini mark, 21. 5f. 

Heniy Vlltb's penny, with arched 
crown, itnickftt Canterbury, II. ]» 

Edward Vltb'n penny, bis bead in pro- 
file, 31. 8«. 

Another; the kinfc on bis throne; da- 
muged, 2J. Si. Both these pennies are 
of extreme raiitf . 

Mary. Penny, struck at London, Ex- 
trtmely rarest dl. 3f. 

Groatt tmd Half Grcatt. 

Edward III. struck at Calais. 16<. 
The Eugliab GnMts are very common. 

Richard III. m. n. boar's bead and rose, 
1/. 13f. 

The very rare and onrious Groat, suppotied 
to have been struck by the Duchess of 
Burifundy for perkin Warbeck when 
be invader England, (ice Martin Folkei., 
and AkermaH'a Numitmalic Manual, 
p. 142.) 9i. lOf. &d. This groat was 
probabiy bought in, as another brought 
a much higher price some time since. 

TheToumay groat of Henry VI]I.(Rud- 
ing. Plate VII. No. i3,)17t. 

Henry VIII. with the legend, " Redde 
cuique," 8ic. well preserved, 2/. \t. 

Edward VI. m, m. an arrow; very fine, 
4/. 4>i. 

Patttmt for Farthhg* and Halfpence. 

Oliver Cromwell, a pattern for a farthing 
in copper, inscribed, " Charitie and 
Change," very rare, 3/. 1m. 

Charles the Second; a hand issuing from 
the clouds over four human heads, 3/. 3f . 

Anne. Peace in a car. " Pax . missa . 
per . orbem." U. li. Thtji is the rarest 
of Anne's farthings. 

Elizabeth. " The pledge of a halfpenny,*' 
with her buBt,yin£, \l. I9«. 

Other pattern pieces were: Oliver's pat- 
tern for a sixpence, which brought 
iil. 6f. 6d. and Ramadge's half crown, 
17/. Charles the Second's rupee of 
Bombay, I/. \bt. 



At the recent sale of English coins ctA- 
tected bytbelate Mr. A. Edmonds, there 
were some very choice specimens. There 
were also a few medals of great rarity ; 
and the whole collection was in 8 singu. 
larly beautiful state of preservution. The 
following were the most remarkable: 
Stephen's side-faced penny, " Robebt- 

oa . LUN . SI. 3t. 
Henry VIII. Base nlver testoon or 

sbilUng. 3/. \b». 
Edward VI. Shilling, ton mint mark, 

and sixpence with the same mint mark, 

8/. 10<. 
Philip and Mar**. Shilling wUhout daU, 
5/, 7s. 6rf. 



Mary's Irish shilling, 3f. 4W. 

Mary of Scotland, her shilling with 
crowned bust in profile, 2/. I3«. 

Her sixpence, date 1562, 7/. 2«. Gd. 

Elizabeth's milled shiliinj^ key m. m. 
very rare, 3/. 124. 

Her portcullis shilling for the East In- 
dies, 2/. St. 

Her portcullis sixpence, 1/. 10<. 

James the First's shilling, ton mint mark, 
*' Qax DBua," iLc 01. it. 6d. 

Charles the First's half.4:rown by Briot; in 
beautiful preservation, IL \Qt, 

His half crown; the kiug trampling on 
armour. 6/, it. 6d. 

Edward V I. Crown, m. m. the letter Y, 
in an unique state of preservation, but 
not an uncommon tjrpe, 11/. I5t. 

Elizabeth. I mint mark. Very fine. U. 

Her portcullia crown, in very fine jre- 
servation, 61. 

The Commonwealth crown, sun m. va. 
in very fine state, the type common, 
2/. 2*. 

James II. His Guinea, in singular pre- 
servation, 1686, 6/. 15f. 

Anne. Guinea of 1702; rose in cen- 
tre of reverse ; very fine, 13/. 

Blondeau's h^f-crown of the Common- 
wealth, inscribed on the edge, *'inth8 

THIRD YEAR OF FREEDOM BY GOD'* 
BLCSSING BEBTOUBD, 1661," \4L 

Blondeau's sixpence, 2/. Itif. 

Oliver's crown of 1648, in very fine 
state, 51. 

Oliver's pattern for a shilling, differing 
slightly from any yet published, 30/. 

Oliver's pattern, usually called the nine- 
penny piece, 5/. 5t. 

His sixpence of 1658, of great rarity, 
3R I0«. 

Medait in Silver. 

A medal of the Commonwealth, having 
on one side the arms on an anchor and 
cable, with the word '•mebuistl'* Re. 
verse, the Commons' House of Par- 
liament ; the work of the celebrated 
Simon, (Vertue, plate xvi.) 36/. 

A medal of Sidney Pointz, General of 
the Parliamentary forces, by Abraham 
Simon, ( Vertue, plate xxi. ) 10/. 5*. 

Charles II. a vessel, *'nos pknes ih- 
FEBiuH;" the work of RawUngi, 
6i.6t. 

Charles II. the king in a maiine au** 
by Thomas Simon,l3/. 15f. 

Mfdalt in Gold. 
Oliver Cromwell. Reverse, the olive 

tree, a small oval medal by Thomas 

Simon, (Vertue, plate xil fig. r.) 16/. 
An bonorarr medal given by the Com- 

monwealto to naval commanders, with. 

out the border, (Vertue, plate XVI> 

No. 2) 14/. 



yj 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



Hut se Of COHHOVB. 

May 2). Mr. Lff«U moved tbe wconi) 
retdtHBor the Mcrcoant Sailorii' Wi- 
iwwi* Bill. He stiiletl tbut ttic IcaditiK 
and prominmt ftaiure of tbe metsure woh 
the proviniofi hy whirh it wu propo»«<) 
to tninafer tbo iixpeiicoB coriiribiited by 
the meri'hant M-umvii, and nuw tuirl into 
the nan] cht^t nf tirrentvirh Hoapitul, 
tutbe^iiml rundorrbf Mirrhiitil Avm- 
inrn's Itinriliition. I'tir the rclii-C of the 
ohjecu of tbo lii;tcr e^nbli«hment. Al- 
tbouKb wbpn the «.i«;|»eiKe-l«x in support 
of Oreen«ich Hih-pKu] wn» lir*t U-vu-d, 
it'bad been intended that allceameit, uhe- 
tber inerrbiiiitmen or ibow betoiif^ni; lo 
lht> Kinpa wrvicv, kboold oqiwUy uiiioy 
it* tienent, yet by iti preftent comtilutiun 
■uid^ invuriablc pnetier, the former were 
entirely andniott imjinftly eseluded. He 
hoped tbut bs the mp»iire involvi'd the 
intereUkuf 1:^0,0(10 Urilish M>iimefi. lite 
House would Ki.-ree to iheseronH rmding 
without uppwilioii — S\t Jamt* Gra/umt 
wt» perfectly rewly to «dmir tbe merilo- 
riouB ebimcter of tbe merchant f«i vice, 
■nd would be moit b«ppy, if Ibey possi- 
bly could, to tnake any conccMioi)» in itn 
favour : but Dfter tbe brut reflection, he 
and the other members of hii JMaje»ty'« 
Goremment found it lonlly inipokhilMe, 
consittcully with k iiin»e o( the duty tbey 
owed to the public uid to tbe Hu«pit«I 
Uself. to give their consent to tbe mo- 
tion. — I»rd AUttorjt mid that the iimpo- 
■itJun bufoTc the IIoubc veua dimply this 
— (o take :ft(.0O<l/. from Grecnttjch Hof- 
pifal and give it to the bospiul fur mer- 
chant ftcainen, and then to supply ihede< 
fietrikcy thus created to Greenwich Hos- 
pital byschmtKe on theCottnulidated Fund. 
Let the House recollect that thiB bill did 
not propfMC lo relieve tbo merchant wa- 
men from any deduction now made from 
their pay; it only gave a different anpli- 
cation to wbat thcyjMid. On the wliolc, 
he Nwno cat* made out for the hill, and 
he would therefore op(xi»* it; and he 
hoped that ilie Honae would nut eunieni 
lo mahe ibii diMluction from the fuiKlt of 
(Jroenwieh Hnutiia) nnttl tnoie provision 
MM randv to repbre iL Tbe Uull^c ibcn 
difi^d, wbrn there appeared for the te. 
ttoad rtading. 01 jgatnat ii, AT. 

Tbe JtwisB OriL lin^m.mtM Bill 
was, atier Mime oppoatitiii. rrtid BKecoitd 
rime, by a majority of 123 to 'it. 

Mr. //. fHeefmxd movcti tlw weotM) 
; of the LrOU>'» Uai UxAiirasrr 



Bill— Mr. avemndt moved that the MO 
be read a aecond time this Aay 5)x moatba. 
TheHou»e then dinded, uben there ap- 
peared for Mr. O'l'ouiKrll'i amendment. 
77— for the motion, 46. 

Mr. PofiUer moved the iiecond rcadifiy 
of bis bill on llie «amp subject — Sir W. 
Moltneorlh moved, a^a" amendroenr. that 
it be ntid a scroiid tune ibat day ats 
niunlb.k. Kor the ainniduietit l:f— «KaiMt 
it,. Si. TbebillwaKthenreadu second ttee. 

Mnt/ 2i. Mr. S. /.. Hutvrr pro|Ki«ed 
A rrAoliition that **it is enicdit-iit 10 rr- 
peal the StBmp-diity on NewapAr^-aa at 
tbe enrtie^t p4i<^4ib1e period," wliirb after 
BomediM*iiMitoii WHftnv)^tived by 90 Ivdti 

Mr Pi'ilwk obriuned leave lo bring io 
a bill to abotioh ane^t lor Oeitt. hs to alt 
debtv contraeicd after tbe fint of Janiaiy. 
1835, \m\r** tie debt tte founded upODOt 
secured by » bill of pxcbantfe. or promiaaa 
r)' note, bond, or other m-eiirity in wripac. 

May Ti'A. The LnsuoN and Wan. 
MTNhTbft Dank Bill, ch(>ui;b Hlronflye^ 
posed by tbe govemmrnt, waa rnd a 
third time, and pnsBcd by a mnjurity «< 
137 10 76. 

On the motion for the House going 
into Conmiittcconihe Foor Law Ameod' 
meol Bill, Mr, J*. Scope oppo««l 

[)rovi><itins of the tacasDre. He parties 
iirly objected to the rmKlmcnla Ultiag 
to \-»f;rantf) and the able>liodicd 'PMK» OM 
affirmed llwt the latter bad a clear 1 
r(f(h< to relief in tbe hour of do«Ti{ 
The (treatnesF, weulth, manufnctuni 
periorJtT, and all that ^ave KngI: 
many advanta^ea. abo liud obtaiitcal 
that svstrm; and let ihem look to iho 
condition of Ireland, left dcaritute of it. 
The Hon. Alrmber offered Kcvorml other 
objecliuna to tbe Bill. The lluuae thco 
went into Committee, and after a ga*4 
drnl nf dniiltnr]- rnnvrmirinn. rlanaca U 
to 20 were ajrreed to. 

May 27. Mr. Uarti bnnitrht 
motion reltitivetotbe L'Hi'&i n Krr. 
MCvr in Irelmid. lie "aid ft-ttt t 
eonnideratlon fur tbe Wti 
trnoriiinaf)- charire wbirli 1 1 
tani Church oifa.Miii ' 
large— an expenw fi 
put an em! il" (>ii v 
the re«oi 'c 

Uember "to 

ayitrm b.-< k iiuidul nt-nrce » 
iiw and di^-ivntent. ajnuntt 
rnated a dceu rooird an** 
animnatty. 1 be rrve< 



I 
I 



to iho^ 





1834.] 



Proceedings in Parliement. 



Ohurph amounted to 937,456^ onnually — 
namely, Bishops' lands, 120,680/. ; Deans 
and Chaptera, 23,606/.; Glebes, 135,500/:; 
Returns of Tithes. 657,670/. The total 
number of benefices was 14>36, of which, 
74 ranged from 800/. to 1000/., 75 from 
1000/: to 1500/., 17 from 15001. to 2000/., 
and 10 from 3000/. to S80D/., which was 
the maxiroum. There were 407 livings, 
varying from 400/. io 800/. per annumf 
and 3^ livings exceeding 200/. From a 
return presented In 1819, it appeared that 
the number of resident clet^men was 
7^; Non-residents, 531. What he should 
propose to do would be to give to com- 
miKsioners the power of assigning certain 
snieries in particular cases to Clergymen of 
the Established Church in Ireland, subject 
to the control of Parliament. The Hon^ 
Member concluded, amidst loud cheers, 
by proposing, " That the Protestant 
Jiipiscopal Establishment in Ireland ex- 
ceeds the spiritual wants of the Protestant 
population ; and that, it being the right 
of the State to r^ulate tbe distribution 
of Church property in such manner as 
Parliament may determine, it is the 
opinion of this House, that the temporal 
powenions of the Church of Ireland, is 
now established by law, ought to be re- 
duced." — Mr. Grate seconded tbe resolu- 
tio'n, which he conceived to be conformable 
with the strictest and purest principles of 
ju.ttice, and the general interests of tbe 
empire. Tbe motion having been read 
from the chair, Lord ^Uborp rose, 
and said, " Since my Hon. Friend, who 
ruse to support this motion, commenced 
his address, circumstances have come to 
my knowledge which induce me to move 
that the further debate upon it be ad- 
journed to Monday next. I cannot now 
«tate what those circumstances are ; but 
I hope the House has sufficient conii- 
dence in me to believe that 1 would not 
make such u proposition unless I were 
convinced of its piopriety. (Cheers.) I 
now move that the further debate on this 
motion be adjourned to Monday next." 
The motion was then put and carried, 
and the House adjourned till Monday. 

June 2. Lord Althurp rose, and re- 
quested Mr. Want to postpone for the 
present bis motion respecting the appro- 
priation of Irish 1'itiif.s. His Lordship 
deeply regretted tbe separation which bad 
recently taken place in the Ministr)-, and 
tbe loss which the public sc^rvice had 
thereby sustained^adding, that though 
they differed on the present, they agreed 
on all other points. His Lordnliip then 
■aid, that his Majesty had, by the advice 
of his Ministry, issued a lay commisston, 
** having power tu viiiit all the purishps 
and ecclesiastical divisions in Ireland, for 
the purpose of ascertaining in each of 



93 



them the number of members of the Estft' 
blished Church, not only in each union, 
but in each separate pariu io each union ; 
also the number of Ministers of tbe Esta- 
blished Church in each union and pariah 
respect! ve]y,ofwbRteverrank, and whether 
resident or not ; and the number of times 
Divine service is usually performed in 
each, and the number of persons attend- 
ing such services; that is,' tbe average 
number, and whether tbe same be in- 
creasing, or diminishing, or stationary; 
with similar information respecting the 
number of Roman Catholics, Presby. 
terians, and other Dissenters in eani 
parish ; with every particalar respecting 
the moral and rdigious education of the 
people; the number of schools established 
in each parish, whether they are increas- 
ing, diminishing, or stationary, and the 
same particulars respecting toe children 
attending them ; likewise, whether in any 
or all of tbe parishes there appear to the 
commissioners adequate means for tbe 
purposes of mor^ and religious initrue- 
tion for the people. Tbe commissioners 
are to report not only on these subjects, 
but on all other matters relating to tbe 
moral, political, and religious condition of 
the members of the Church, and of those 
belonging to the vsrioua denominations 
of Dissenters, so as to acquire as com- 

{tlete a comparative knowledge of tbe re- 
Btion in wbidi those seveml classes of 
religionists stand towards each other as 
circumstances may permit." His Lord- 
ship added, " Having in this way prcK 
posed to make known the number of 
Catholics and Protestants in each parish 
and union respectively, I am sure the 
House will do us the justice to believe 
that we have not given advice to his Ma- 
jesty to i^suc such a commission without 
being prepared to follow u^ that advice 
by acting upon the report to be made by 
the commissioners in such manner as the 
exigency of the case may seem to require." 
Mr. Ward declined to accede to the Noble 
Lord's request, observing, that if the 
Noble Lord and his collengucs left office. 
the commission would be worthless. — 
Lord AUhorp then rose, and said the best 
course which he could adopt, was to move 
the previous question. — Lord J. Rutteli 
stated to the House, that the appoint- 
ment of the Commission involved tiie 
principle of the Hon. Member's motion, 
that Parliament had a right to dispose of 
the surplus revenues of the Irish Church ; 
and if Hon. Members believed Ministers 
to be men of honour and character, he 
conceived that they were bound to sup- 
port their amendment — Mr. Stanlejf r 
mented the unavoidable alternative w*hi 
bsd separated him from collesgues, -WJ 
whom, in all the great principles of (H 



!M 



Proceedinys in Parliament. 



[July. 



foreign and <luiDedtic pulicy, lie Imi] al- 
wuvti fiuund it a i>leHSure tu act. He, 
however, conceived that the C'oininisnoii 
of inquiry just is!>ucd involved a principle 
destructive of the (Jhurch. to which, oa 
ProtestantB, they were attacliod. The 
question of the appropriation of the pro- 
jierty of the Church tu any other hut 
Church pur]>ow8, involved principleit to 
which be could never give his as^jent. — 
Mr. S. Hicc strongly denied that the prin- 
ciples of his Majesty's Government in. 
volved the deotniction of the Prott'slant 
Katablishment of the Church of Ireland. 
The question merely regarded tbn right of 
Parliament to deal with the KUrplus 
wealth of ifae Church of Ireland (>houId 
any such be proved to exist), after the ue. 
ceiifiary purposes of that ('hurch had been 
amplyprovided for.— Mr. O't'oMwc// strong- 
ly denounced the varillatiiig conduct of 
the Goveninnent. He maintained that the 
Coninii-osion would not give any »itiHfac- 
tion to Ireland, and exhorted the Govern- 
ment to change itst-uurse.witha view to 
do justice to tiiat unhappy country — Sir 
//. Peel gave it an hih decided opinion, that 
the HouKc was bound to nmintuin the 
Protestant Estubliiihincnt in Irdutid in- 
violate. — Lord Palmaitou aflirincd tliut 
there were \wl the slightest grounds for 
opposiii:; the amendment. Alinistera 
were niiaiiimoUK on this Hubject. — Mr. 
IF'drcf liiiviiig replied, the House divided, 
when there were — For the previous ques- 
tion, 3fKi; Agiiinst it liiO: -MMJonty 
against -Mr. Wanl's luotion, -^70. 

The House Tux Repeal Bill wat read 
a third tiiiic aiid |>4f>cd. 

Jiincli. yir. ItHi-kinghiim movvA '^ that 
a Select Committee lie appoiriU;d tu in- 
quire into the extent, causes, and con^e. 
quericfs ol the vice of ilnnikcniichs among 
the labourinft elii.>>»eii ot the united king- 
dom, in order to ascertain whether any 
legislative mea>ures can l>e devised for 
[ifL- venting the further spread of ko great 
a national evil." — iMid .-lUhorp opposed 
the motion. Conceiving tliat.tbe Commit- 
tiHf would not Im" productive of any prac- 
tical benefit v\ iter some diseusMoji, the 

motion lor the Comniittee was curried ly 
a m-nurity of W ajrain-.t 17. 

.Mr. Ri'it.ifk l.iiiUL-l.t forwiinl a motion 
outiicMibircioHiiiKTal IMiH-iiiiun, which 
111- maiiil<iiti<'d ciiuhliiiily be niiricd into 
circct by lr;;ivljitni' inlcifiTence. After 
entrrinir iiitu u v.iriety «if iir,:umfiits. to 
shim tlii- iiihiintiu'r- to U- derived by the 
iHbiiunn;; rl.i--i-. Innu iiii iiii|'n*vfil stiiie 
III inorul citliiviition, tiii> Hon. (icnrle- 
iiiati ni<ivi-d liir tlic :ip|(oiiiimrnt ot a < 'oiil- 
iiiitti')' to ronsiihr of tlie best means of 
i-arrjini; it into etfret. — Some di-cussion 
look plai-e, the it:<ult of which was, that 



on the HUgfteetion of Lord Mthorp, n Sel«rt 
(Jommittee \^'u)> apjiointcd to inquire into 
the state of the education of the people iu 
Englundand Wales, and into theapplim- 
tioii and etfect of the grant made iaat aea- 
itioii for the erection of M-bool-houHca, and 
to consider the expediency of I'uitber 
graiitit in aid of education. 

Juite o. Mr. G. F. Young broupbc fbf^ 
ward a motion for leave to brin^ in ■ bill 
to repeal the Act of the -kh Geotge IV. 
cap, 77, commonly termed *^ The Kri- 
FRociTY of DuTiKH' Act," with a view of 
restoring to Parliament itaeonstitutiooal 
control over all treaties with foreign 
poweDs, involving the commercial inlereus 
oftbe British community. The Hon. Mem. 
beraffirmedfthattheayHtem which ban tbe 
specious name of reciprucitj, bi^ done 
more injury to the shipping intereaCthaB 
any measure that could possibly be devised. 
It was miKchievous iu its effects, unjust in 
its o}»eration, and im|>olitic in principle. 
It hud not only ccmiplctely failed to bc> 
complifcb the object for which it waa in- 
tended, but it liad bad a direct contrary 
effect. In jilacc of affording ptxitecCioM 
to the Britihh shijtping iiitereabt, it iii- 
mulated and encouraged the sMppinfr of 
foreign countries, and promotva tbcir 
prosperity, while it aggra^-uted our dii> 
tresit.— Mr. P. ThomiiaoH opposed tbe 
motion, observing that the hiw as it at 
present tttoud enabled the Crown to re- 
move duties from foreign ve&sels, wben 
our vesseU were allowed into the foreign 
I)ort free; and it also pive the Crcnm 
tbe power of imposing dutiesupon foreiga 
vesxflii, nhere our vifssels were made to 
puy heavy duties in tlie ports from whicb 
those vessels cume. — After aome discus- 
sion, the motion was lost by « majority 
of 117 against lii. 

HoL'KE Of Lords. 

June a. The Ilorbi: Di'tieb RcrBAL 
Bill ]>aAKed tbnmgh ctminiittee — to be 
read a third time on Alonday the 9tlk. 

The JJi!>liop of 1Hurfiftt€r presented 
fievenil petitions afruiiist the udmisMun of 
Divsetiters to the ( 'niversitieit, and against 
thi' xefmnitiun of Church and Stute. 

The Kiirl of U'hklau:, in mo\*ing for 
the pro(Ktrtioit of a cujiy of the Corh 
mission n-lative to the CiitrucH of Ikb- 
i.A.NO, wi-lic(t to know whether it was 
intcndfd to t-lfect the overthrow of tbe 
Prote^tiint Clinn'h, by dcsjioiling it, and 
eiMiviTtini; its property to the use and 
U'lielit of the Itomaii Catholic populk 
tion? — Kiirl Crc;/ said, the pritKi|iM Ol 
wliicii Ministers wisbed tn proceed wm, 
not to seize the property of the Ctanek 
but to correct abuwa. lie thought tfab 



nfcer ParliRment had provided for the 
interentsof true religion, if then* remained 
a itiirplun revenue, the State had a right 
to deal with it. It was not intended to 
)nve the Koman Catholics the spoils of 
the Cbiirrh; but, looking at the tttate of 
thingH in Ireland, it wae impossible to 
ny that a change was unnecessary. The 

Eiurpose of the Commission was, to col- 
ect such evidence as might enable Parlia- 
ment to decide what ought to be done. 
He called upon their Lordships not to be 
led an-ay by rlomours about the Church 
being in danger, but to accommodBte 
themselvefi to the spirit of the age, and 

Eursue a course which would he alike 
onourable to themselves and beneficial 
to the country. — The Earl of Itipon bore 
testimony to the truth of the statements 
made by the Noble Earl relating to his 
attachment to the Established Church; 
although he declared that he could not in 
bis conMcience supiwrt such a measure as 
that proposed by his Majesty's Govern- 
ment respecting the Church Establinb- 
ment in Ireland. — The Earl of Eldon 
denied the right of the State to apply 
Church pro]»erty to any other end or 
purpose hut the one originally intended. 
—The Duke of Richmond felt the deepest 
regret that a inramount sense of duty 
made it imperative on him to separate 
from his colleagues, the mon> so as be 
had agreed with them in all those gri-at 
measures of reform proposed by them, 
and now happily part and parcel of the 
law of the land, — The Archbiiihop of 
Cantrrhury had not the least doubt that 
the Noble Eari ( Grey) was determined 
to support the Established Church of 
England, at the nmc time he could not 
coincide with the Noble Earl's plans for 
preser\'ing the permanency of that (Jhurch. 
— The Earl of U'inchrUra, the Bishop of 
lAmdoH, the Earl of J/amtood. the Earl 
of /.hiirricky the Marquess ot Jf-'etttjicath, 
the Bishop of Exeter, and the Dukes of 
Cumbtrland and f^'etllngton ex{ires!ipd 
themselves averse to the object of the 
proposed inquiry ; while the Earl of Itad- 
nor, the Marquesses of /Mntdtrmte and 
f'lanrickarde, and the Lord Chancellor, 
KUjinortcd the view of the subject taken 
by Earl Grey. The motion wax agreed to. 

In the HoLSE of Commons, the same 
day, the House went into CommiUi-e on 
the Poor- Laws" Amendment Bill, when, 
after some discussion, clauses 21 to 32 
were agreed to. 

In reference to Gkebnwich HosnTAL, 
Sir J. Vraham nid, that an amngement 
bud been entefi-d into by the Governiiient, 
ttat StVOOOr abouM be allowed from the 
CoDMbdatcd Fund, in lieu «f ilw wu 



pcnces exacted from the merchant sea- 
men. He moved a resolution to that 
effecL 



House of C-ommons. 
June 9. The House having resolved 
itself into committee on the Poor Law 
Amendment Bill, a good deal of discus- 
sion took place on the 33d clause, which 
gMve one vote only to the rate>payers in a 
parish, but allowed cumulative votes and 
the right to vote by proxy to the owners 
of property, on the ground that, altbougb 
the immediate expense of supporting the 
poor fell upon the occupiers of the land, 
still the effects arising from an increase 
or diminution in the poor-rates affected 
the landlord much more than the occupier 
of the soil. After two disnsions of 35 
against 128, and 30 against 1 25, the clause 
was ordered to stand part of the Bill. 
The Hotise then proreedcd as far as the 
45th clause, on which Mr. P. Scrope 
moved an amendment, giving guardians 
of the poor power to grant relief to their 
sick and impotent poor out of the work- 
house, or to such widows, orphans, and 
illegitimate children, as they might choose 
to succour, \nthout being subject to the 
control or prohibition of the Commis- 
sioners. — After a few words from Lord 
Althorpy who denied that the Bill took 
away that power from the guardians, as it 
was thought that tbe subject might give 
rise to a protracted discussion, the Chair- 
man reported progress, and the House 
resumed. 

The House having gone into committee 
to take into consideration the payment of 
the holders of FocB Per Ce.nt. Annui- 
ties, Lord AUhorp said be was happy to 
state, that be should be able to pay on tbe 
dissentients, though their number wM 
greater than had been anticipated. 

Lord JiAn liuiiell obtained leave to 
bring in a Bill having for its chief object 
the more effectual registration of persona 
entitled to vote in the election of Mem- 
bers to serve in Parliament in England 
and Wales; and though it would b<e ne- 
cessary to alter many clauses of the ex- 
isting Bill, yet the original principle of 
that measure would remain unaltered. It 
had been found, that, in consequence of 
Icanng to the overaeers the uncontrolled 
duty of registration, they bad acted fre- 
quently upon their own notions, and in 
many places in the country, especially in 
the county of Somerset, they had been 
very negligent in the discburgc of their 
duty, it vns proposed, therefore, to fol- 
low the practice of which they had an 
example m the Jury Bill, by which the 
CJerk of the Peace in counties should issue 
bis precept at certain periods to the over- 



96 



been to make out tb« liata of tba 
of the voters. AVitb regard to boroughi, 
it was proposed, that the Town Clerk, 
instead of being obliged, as be now wu* 
to put up tbe names and places of abode 
of freemen, should put up tbe noticea of 
any new claims of parties to vote at elec- 
tions of Members of Parlianientf in tbe 
way which vt-as practised with reference 
to the freeholders of counties. In tbe 
registration of tow-iis, it was proposed, that 
persona rated to the poor, instaul of pay- 
ing every year, should only par one 
Bbillin^t tbe first time tbey abould have 
tbeir names put on the list, as in tbe case 
of county voters. 

June 10. Considerable discussion took 
place on Mr. P. Scrope't amendment to 
tbe 4i5(h clause of tbe Poor- Act Am«id- 
ment Bill, which went to preclude tbe 
Commissioners from issuing any order to 
tbe piardions of the poor which should 
prohibit them from gi%'ing relief) out of 
the workhouse, to such of the sick or im- 
potent poor, and to auch widows, orphans, 
and illegitimate children as tbey might 
tbink tit so to relieve. — liord AUKon 
could not see the necessity of the amend* 
ment, as tbe clause did not prevent the 
Commissioners, in rrrtain cases, afftMding 
relief out of the workLouset. It left the 
decision of that quefitiun open to the 
Board ; but. in rase of sioknesa, provision 
«-as made for the ablc-hodied labourer, 
without bis going into the house, and in 
other cases of emergency, gtuudians and 
overseers would have the power to giant 
out-door relief. On a division, the num- 
bers were — fur the Amendment, 40; 
against it, 148. 

June 11. The County Cokoneu' 
Bill being rc-rommitted, a debate took 
place on the cluu!>e M-hicb proposed to 
grant to the coroner 30b. for each inquest, 
and Is. 6d. per mile for travelling ex- 
penses. — Col. Daviet moved an amend- 
ment, reducing the allowance for each in. 
quest to 20s., wliicli was carried. Some 
opposition was made to the clause de- 
claring all coroners' inquests open courts; 
but it was finally agreed to. 

The Felons' Property Bill was thrown 
out, on the motion of the Attomey'General, 
that the report be taken into further con- 
sideration that day 3 months. 

The Jews' Disabiutieb' Bill was rend 
a third time, and puRnrd. 

The reKoIutions of committee for pay- 
ing off tbe holders of \ per Cent. Annui- 
ties, and for granting an allowance to tbe 
Polish exiles, were severally read and 
agreed to. A Bill for the more effectual 
rti^stntiun of votciH was read a first 
tioie. 

June 12. The Allornetj-Gcncral ob- 



Proeeed$9si$ m P0rlmmait. 



iMf, 



tained Icare to bring in • biU to aboKshtW 
Lav of iMniMKHEHT fiir Dan Badtr 
certain modificBtioiia. Rod * fine tiae. 

Tbe nport of tbo comouttM on tlw 
CouMTT CoujvEU' Bill was brooght «ph 
and tbe Bill «•■ ordered to bo nodo 
third time on tbe 16tb. 

Mr. F. Barimg broflght In a BIU to 
enable Government to nay off tbe 4 RK 
Cent. AMNumu, wbioi was nad s firat 
ttne. 

Jime 13. After coanderable diacw- 
sioos, Hansea 4a to 50, of the PotA L*wa 
AmtNDMurT Bfll, were agreed to. 

Tbe CArrtAL PtrNisaNENT AaounoM 
Bill waa read • third time, and passed. 

Jmme 16. The House went into Go^ 
miuee on tbe Pooa Lawb* Amcmoiibht 
BUI. On coming to dauae 88. rsspeedat 
settlement fay birth, Lord AMarp moA^ 
that it was proposed toniakesoaiealtai»> 
tions regaraing tha law of isttisinaat^ 
which would render it nrresaaiy (o strilea 
out dauaes 6S, 63, 64, 63^ and nnrt of 8S. 
It was intended to abolish aetuenwnt bf 
luring and aenrioe and an>miticeaUm m« 
to render it o er e ssa iy, in onler to gaia a 
aettlcment, that the peraon aboulba 
rated for a year for tbe tenement of whkb 
he was the ocrupant— the hamjldewmtaattt 
he thought should be lU/. Cfansas m M 
65 were then M^[atired. Chaaa M wm 
amended, it being therein dwilarad. rtwr 
henceforth no aettlenient sbonU bo ■«. 

Suited byhiringorapprentieesbipi eluH 
7wa»i«reedtot a«use6Bwaa«MB4aA 
by the introdoction of the words • bo k 
enacted, that; fnm and after tbo | 
of this Act, no settlement be i 
completed byoccupatioaof anjl 
unless tbe peiaon oocnpyiiy tbo ■■• 
shall bare been assessed to tba poafi>ntiB 
in respect of such tenement for tbo i 
of one year." 

The CooNTy CoaoNEM' BiU i 
a third time, and passed. 

Jiate 1& The House hannggomlato 
committee (m the Pooa LAwa AiOBHiv 
MENT Bill, agreed, after a good deal «i 
discussion, to the remuning, and also to 
some new, clauses. Tbe bastwdy danaaa 
gave rise to a lengthened debate, b«t oa 
a division there appeared, Ayea^ 114; 
Noes, 3a Tbey enact that, for the fbtini^ 
the mother ot s bastard child ahall be 
liable for tbe maintenance of her (dbpiinf , 
while the father is to escape witboot 
penalty, either pecuniary or personal. 

June Sa Mr. G. Wood moved tbo 
second reading of tbe BiU for the adniia- 
sion of the Dissenters into tbe Umverri- 
ties. — Mr. KHeourt opposed tlie "vrtiimt 
and moved an Hmendment that tbe BiU 
i>e read that day six months. — The Hon* 
■S. Hetbtii Mcondcd the ameodmcnl, and 



w 



1834.] 



Pfoeeedimjfa in PtfrJiamnt. — Foreitpt iCftw. 



97 



mainaioed that tlio miiiburv beforv the 
House n-ould dntroy the Unirersity 
sjrsteiD, and |mt an end to ■ naiional 
^tem of edumtion for n n&tiotuil ('burrli. 
tie uisbed the DiBfccnrvrK to t'l^inblicU 
Univcmitipf of their ovu-n, and trj- if rbt-y 
could produce siirh tni-n its OxtonI imd 
Cambridge hud sent forlh. — Messrs, it'. 
Prlre. Pouttcr, Ettvrt, and £. /tulkr so|>- 
ported the Uill.— Mr. If'sfnti opposed il. 

Mr Sfifittfr Jt>^ contended inai, so fiir 

from injuHti);, the Bill vi'ould be a benefit 
e« the Church. — Mr CoMtburM eontendod 
that it would be inijtOMiiblc to pre^tervc 



the rvliKion of the countrf if they mJ- 
roitted of a mixed xvKlein uf educatioo in 
the Unirervitics. — Mr. SUmtcy tiiyjtoned 
the principle of the Bill; and hoped that 
in C-ommitter the inoKtsierJoitA ubjeetiotii 
would be removed. — Sir Huiiert lagliM 
Mnd Sir Jtot-rrT I'frl opposed, and Lord 
AithoTp Bupporled the motion, affirminff, 
tlutt, 60 far from injuring; the Establisb«4 
Church, it would contribute to it» advaih 
taf;e and security. On a diviMon, the 
numbers were — for the motion, 3SI ; for 
the ameDdment, H-7. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



BPAIK AKD POKTUCAl^ 

The quadripartite alliuiire lately formed 
lietwevn Englattd, Fntiice, Sjuiin, and 
i'ortueal, for tenninalitig the civil ron. 
test which has so long deHolated the Pen. 
ioflulfii has at length hrouKht the etruKg'le 
to a close; and the two royal pretenders, 
Carlos and Miguel, baruWcn compelled to 
<]tiitlhc Puninftulo. 'l"no Miidnd Oazette 
of the 3Ut of Majr, olfii-iully announced 
(be depamire of Don Carloit, the Spanish 
«nn^ of General Uodil having taken pos< 
aenuon of the froDtier towns of PurtuKal. 
Areunliiig lo thih account, Don Carlos 
M-BR excessively ulunued lext he should bi.- 
takcn by the sp«ui>h trxxips, and Itabiily 
conaented to any t«rm« wfiicb were pro- 
posed. He wss directed to embark at 
Aldea Galley, in piirauaneeof aconvcn. 
tJon entered into at Rvoia between Gene- 
r«t5 SnldanliH and Lemox, uitd Mr. Irrant, 
^etTetar^' to the Rritirih l>'[;ulioii at Lis- 
bon. The Infunte wa^ accompanied by 
ibe Bishop of I^on, five fteneraln, and 
eooie prieats and monk^.* Three hun> 
dred officeis and six hundred »oldier«, who 
had r>ot been pexmitted to embark with 
him, were (o be sent lo a depict, there to 
■wait in»trui:lion-s from Madnd. At th*? 
same convention were si:llled the terms of 
•ubmiasion of l>on Miguel and bia troops. 
h«viuoaly to his eiuburkatioii at £vora, 
Mi^'uel nigited a Declaration, I bat bu would 
never return to any part of ForlUKal oc 
Spain, nor interfere, directly or indircoily, 
in the political HfTiiir)* ufihe kingdom or its 
dominioiiK; in cither of whirb caM» he Is 
to loke uU right to bis nlipulatcd penaion 
(in Eiiglifth money about 15,000/. per 
annum,; and be liable to all the coa»c> 
quencea arising from sticb conduit He 



* On the 17th of June, Don LWlos 
arrived at Porttmouth, on board II.M.S. 
the Donegal, and was received with the 
lionours due to hi^ rank as a meinbKr of 
the blood royal of S|)ain. 
Gk-vt. Mau. Vol. II. 



bna appointed Mr. Jose Luic de Kocha 
Procuratur uf hin household and all hi 
personal property, deniritig bim to deliver 
up all the Crown jewels to Don Pedro's 
CommiM»ionere at Evora as previously 
determlited. 

At Lisbon, four Decrees had bc«a 
publi'ihed by the Government, the fint 
cotivokiiif; the Corte<> of Portugal for the 
16th of Au^U!^t; the second abolishing 
all descriptions of monks and fnara, una 
making the whole of the monastic pro- 
perty avaihibic for the HervircK of tbs 
StHtc; the ^ iiuta an end to the monopoly, 
railed the ^* Dtmro Winn Cora])any,"nnd 
coii&equently opens the wine trade on 
more Ubeial terms than hitherto punue^ 
in consequence of the exduMve privilegea 
exercised by the above named, and now 
no more, Company; the fourth Decree 
expels from the House of Peer»all noble- 
men who have acknowledged the le^tj- 
macv of Don Miguel. The publiradon 
of these Ordinances had been received 
M-ith every dcmonntralion of Batisfaction, 
and bad rendered the Emperor very po- 
pular, as they were considered an evrnest 
of tbe good inrenTions of the administra- 
tion, and of their watchfulness for the 
welfare of the country. 

The Queen of Spain H proceeding 
»teadity with her Government Sbc baa 
published seven decrees on tbe subject of 
(be National Debt; the first six k*> to 
adopt into the present great book all out- 
standing debts of whatever character or 
period. To this liberal decree the seventh 
la tbe untilhi-siii.— Art. I. The whole 
of the Spanish debt* of which mention is 
made in the preceding decrees, ».hidl be 
reduced proportionally, and according to 
itJi assigned price one>third — tliote debts 
vhirti are provided for by diplomatic 
trcatie« ulu-ay* excepted. Art. "i. The 
other iwo-thirda of tbe debts to be con- 
verted into a deferred stock of 100 |ian£^ 
of which one p«rt shall be drawn yearly 
O 



I 



4 

loeha ■ 
U hii ■ 




Foreign and Domestic Occurmefa. 



[Jnlf: 



ft>r • hundmi consecutive yiMin, mid thu 
wlBoer to receive 3 per C4>iil. upon bin 
ckim. Art. 3. The wtxilpof (lit' SjmiiUb 
debt shall be cailed. without uxci'iition, 
tbe national debt, ftiid «li<tll he piititled to 
receive u imifomi inierfst of 3 jwr ci-nl., 
10 be pHid tractiori;>lly i^very fiiiir muntbR. 
Art. 4*. Tbcre uliuH be cneutcd ii ninkirig 
fund of I ptrceiit., upon the « liole. Art, 
S Tfats avcree to repeal ali t'oruiKr ones 
upou tbe subject. 

CEKMANV. 

By intelHi^enrr from Vienna, we lotin 
tliBl ibe follon-infr in a iitjinm:try vf i\it 
opemtions of ibe t'oncres*; — I. That iio 
iiianift-fetutiun or public decUratio'n of 
priiicipleit sbi^l be iriiide ; Romn artidea of 
police ivill aloiiv bu inudc public, in order 
to prepare for ibeir fxerution. 2. That 
it was not possible to i*omo to any agnfc- 
OMnt ruUliVL* tou Kcucnil sy«I*tn of foiiu 
iDercebflivevn Auntrinand rnw!iia,whK-b 
it'ertfore rvmain widely wpawle. 3, 
Tluii itif luililiiry forces of tbe Confede- 
ration sball be augmented for ewh contin- 
gent, aiid curried to the war establishment. 
4. The principle of cxpuUion shiill be 
UDivcrMilly udinitti-d into all Ihu Fedendl 
Statefi, and applied not only (o ]»rival« 
oflenoes, but to all Idnda of pulittral 
rrinteit. J>. 'I'tiat tbe cenaorebip sliull be 
applied rK>t only to thejoumala aitd pcrio< 
tlical publinitiutiH, but al«o to ibe dispuu- 
tion* u( tbe L'ni venittics, to speccbe^ from 
Cbe tribunrs, and cvl-ii to books, whcre^ 
ever tliey toucb upou political awtters." 



A viulent contest is agiuting the United 
States, fruin tbe Maiite lu Louixania. 
Tbe PreMiient, supported by a majority in 
tlie pri^fioiit Houw. of Rttpn-Hrnlnlivea, 
and by llie ditnocrnitiL' purty amoni; the 
pei^pk', ba.s Hf iKnitin^d to put dn>vii tbu 
Bunk of tbe I 'tiited Stalex at uU buxjirda. 
On the ulbt-T hand tbut inntiiulion, titre- 
nuoiioly fiipported by a majority ot th« 
Sciiale, nearly tbe wliole of the mercan. 
tile inten^ta, and tbe ariittocracy in the 
i-iliett, is defending imelf with euerey. 
Thf uRriruliuml interests arc cluimed by 
bulb tbe jtartit-e, but it is believed tlie 
majority are otill witb the PrcaideiiL 
The scDemo of the Pre«ident for dia* 
pen«in^ with a N'ntioniil Bank is conai. 
dered by the most cniinent politicians in 
Ameri(^ to be wMly tmpraclicable. 
Tbe Foreiffn Exebangen have fallen, and 
mum runiinue to falT; distreui already 
prevaili* to a great extent, and memofiala 
on tbe subject continue to pour into Con- 
gress. 

Captain Back writes from tbe east end 
of Urent Sluve Lake, that, during the 
Kummer, he had renehed to about 100 
mile« from Bathurtt's Inlet. The letter 
is dated December 7. 1833. 

Lettenfrom Linui,of Jon. Ifi, atatethmC 
B revolution had broken out there on Ibe 
Srd. The President, it ajipenrs, bad fled 
CO the Castle of (JulUo. The port of 
(.'-burilloa hud been declared in a »tat« of 
strict blockade. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



LONDON AND fTS VICINrTY. 

/Vr^arofloM of the iMity of the Churrh 
of E»ff{antt. — At a levee held on tbe liiib 
of MH\f the CVniral Committee in ten- 
don, forpromotin^tbe adoprion and cirrtu 
lation of the above declarutioD. presentfd 
tbe followinf addreAo to his i\laje«ty : — ■ 
•* We, your ALdjecty** dutiful subjects, beg 
lenve humbly to approach your Majeny 
with tbe pnttoundcfc feeliiijis of alTectiuu 
and loyalty lon'drdu >>our Majesty's sarrrd 
pentun and throne, and, as Lay-membera 
of Lbi: Church of lunitland, to uS<.-t to 
your Msjeaty the expr«i»>iun of our lirra 
•ttachmcot tu her pure faith and wor>tb(p, 
Md bes apostolic form of ^'uvvntineitl. 
W« fnrtlwr find our»vlve« calU-d u[>on. by 
the emnKs whidi miv daily pasninx around 
OS. todrrUre onrtimi conviction, that the 
eoosvcmtion of the State by tbe public 
oiainteuanL-e of the (/bn>tian religion, i* 
the lirtt and (wnumiiuit duty of a Chris- 
tiau King «!>d pruple^ and that tbe 
Church alabliabed in fbcM rvalms, fay 
otnyiii(f [ta aaeredand bonelirial influences 
tfajuujfh all orders and degree*, and into 
every cornet of tbo land, baa for many 



sees been tbe great and diKtinguithin^ 
blessing of this country, and not less tbe 
means, uncfer Divine Providence, of iia> 
tional prosperity than of individual melj. 
Ill tbe preservntian, iberefure, of this our 
National Church io the integrity of ber 
rights and privileges, and in tit-r alliaQOO 
with the State, we feel (bat we have «n 
interest tbe most direct mid real ; and w« 
accordingly avow our firm determination 
to do all tost in us lie«, in uur several 
stations, to uphold, uninipnired in its le* 
curily nnd elBciency, that E^ttabliBbmeni; 
whicli we buve received ns tbe richest 
legary of our fun-fatbers, and desire CO 
bund du\tn ac the b<^c inhtritunce of our 
[Ktvlfrity. We a\-a\v these ftcntiincntt 
with the greftter ronfidenre. from a convic- 
tion ' that they are widely and deeply 
rooted in the bearw of your Majesty's sub- 
jecu, a coiiviciion contirmcd by the fact, 
that, tndcprndrntly of many other ua<|Uc». 
ttooable demonstrations, tbe soine dscl»> 
ntkn which we bow buiublv make, hM 
beeti OKMt extenairdy adopted throughout 
Engbuid snd M'sles, havine aimi& r*> 
ceived actual sigoaturea of upwards of 





uomcstie Occurrences- 



99 



I 



230.000 of your Miycf tj'i Lay Subjects, 
for the moni part nubiitaiitkl faouiefaoldert 
and beads ot fHinilie*, wid all of th<>ni 
penona of mature agt. Thit your Ma* 
jwtjr in»y lonp rontinur to watcb uwrand 
protrct llmt Cburrh. of which your Ma- 
jwify and your Ro>-il Predecwsoni have 
to long bevn the 'iiuntinK fiitlirrs,* in the 
earnest prayer of your Majesty h most du. 
tiful ana loynl subjects. 

i Sijnicd) Dexlky, Acc. &r. &r. 

IlariDK thus conveyed to the foot of 
the Throne the sentinieiits of tho*e wbo 
bliTe signed tlu> Pefriinifion, nnd the fact 
oftbo«e 8eiitimciil<^ bi-mg^o nidclyHpreaH, 
tbii Committee pforepdert to ronf^miulate 
His Grsrc the Archbisliop of (Janivr- 
buryii[K)n this unparalleled demonKimtion 
of nfTectioii for the NHtioiml Church mi 
the )mrt uf ifav Luity, aivd to rmve per- 
niunion of Uts GrmtK to deposit the 
proofj of this feeling in Hi* (trace** 
twnd»T with a view to thr preKerTation of 
au inraluaUe a Record iraong ttir At. 
chivpH of J^iiibeth. 'I'bey nocord ingly, on 
thf 3rd of .tune-, waited upun lUn Grace 
atbii PaliiL'i'ol Lfirnbctli.vMlhuti Address, 
to ihc above purpose; whici ibe Cofr>- 
mitteebud thcbigh futisfnrtinn of reeeivirig 
from Hilt firaee the foUoM'injt nnnwer: — 

" Griitlein«n, — 1 receive your a«»ur- 
■nees of ri-i^pi^ct and kindness rowardft 
me, and of vi.'iier«tion tor the office in 
which it bath plewHnl lie A]ml(;lity to 
place me, with more than ordiiwry «ati»- 
nclion; and J request you tu accept my 
grat«hil aduiowledRmenlfi of your zeal in 
tbe cause of the Lsiabii^lied Cburch, at 
a time when, in Knglaiid and Ireland, 
and in all our colonial pofM^sions, it 
stands so much in need of defence B^HiitNt 
ibe macbimitionix of enemies avowedly 
intent on its destruction. /\niidat tbe 
perils which are multiplying around us, 
the Clergy will derive the gr«ate«t cn- 
oouragemenl to perMV»?ring exertion. 
Irom these public prafexHJotiK of your di.'' 
Toted adberenre to the Cbuftb, ntid your 
implied approbation of the character and 
conduct ui its Ministen. While such 
are tbe sentiments of the witesl and best 
among our Fcllow-cotinrryraeri, we may 
look forward with hu)>v, und. whuiever 
may be the event of the hostility with 
which we tuc ihreaiencdt we kbuU find 
rouf>uIuliun in their sympathy, and in the 
conariiiusncaa ol nut bring alio^'etber un- 
worthy of it. With great pleunute I uke 
on me the eu'tody of thene iinjKjritiiit 
documeuta. They will bo deposited 
•motis the ArcbivM of t.ambeth. and 
will there he preu-rved, as nmhenltc me- 
moriaU of your bhal reverence fur the 
^aiionul ('hureh, your allnchment to her 
pnUty, her taitb, and her tormuliirie!', and 
your deep sente of the ble»ifig«, which, 
through tbe mercy of God, in our I^rd 



Jesu* Christ, are difliiwd. by her agetwy, 
through the whole of ouTBOciat sntem." 

Hia Gmce having been plea«ea to ac- 
cede to the rc(|Uest of the Conimitee, th« 
ropieaofthedeclararion, mth the original 
»ignaturcK, were depoMtcd at Lambetb 
Palace. — 

JumH The first performiince of the 
Royal Musical FeKtivtU, at U'extroinsler 
Abbey, was celebrated tbisdnv. Tbe Kins 
and Queen, and the Royal Family, sno 
most of tbe Nobility, were present. The 
prices of admission were one and two giii- 
nens, aerording totbe^ilnntion, and all the 
tickets tor disposal bad been purchased 
several dayi previous, fhe enrire area of 
The nave, the space within tbe aisles, and 
the great fmllerics at eneh side, were filled 
with ladies and gentlemen — tbe number of 
the tu^Ine^Kt(^atly pri'douiinaUii);. and their 
dresses being ot the ]l^htL'.tl. gHvest, sum- 
mer eoiouris the ellect of which was 
heightened by (he fitful chequered fiill of 
the liftbt, bruKeii as it was in its coune by 
the heavy eliwtenil pilbirs. The Royal 
box, or rather t()wcimiN Npnrtment. and 
ita two winf^, as also tbe enclosed 
gallery before it, looked 'till more 
atlnrtive from the great numl»er of 
Court and military* uniforms whieh ap. 
peared in them. Ills Majest)*, the t^ueen^ 
lite Prinresi) AnRusia. the PrincMS 
Viciurin. and the Tiurbeaa of Kent, oa- 
riipied the front row of tbe apartment. 
The Duke of Glouce*tcr. the Duke of 
Meiningen, the young Princes, and a 
CTeat numlMTof the Household, npprared 
iKJiind. The side apartments were filled 
with her Majest)*** Suite, and with Lords, 
in- Waiting, with the Aides-de-Camp of 
bis iMajesty. In front the Directors ap< 
pcarrd, for the most part in uniforms. 
The ArcLhifthops of Canterbury, York, 
and Armagh, aevetal hiKhopfi and iignU 
taries of the Abbey, also bad here acals 
provided (or them. About !t50 in- 
strumental ptTfonners atienilrd, amongst 
whom were M) viiilins, 30 tcnom, 16 vioi- 
loncellof). 18 double houses. H Hutpfs 2 
octave flutes, \i ubocfs B clarionets, IS 
bassoons, IS boms, U trumpets, 6 trom- 
bom-fl, "i ophicleides, 8 serpents, 1 aids 
drum, tj kettle drums nndStowerdnims; 
ai>d the voeal depnitment wh« equally 
strong, a* in the st^mi-chorus there were 
12 soprani, & alti, 8 icnori, and 12 bassit 
therebei»Kiiiibe full chorus, 1 1? soprani, 
GO altj, 6i tt-nuti, and 86 t>iiR<t, in addi- 
tion to the number* U-forc mentioned. 
Every thinf; waf^ conducted with tha 
gre«l<'»-te»»elrK-(i«, and both instrumentol- 
ist< Hiid vcHHlists ne<iuiticd tbcm^elvcK to 
the satisfaction of all present. Tbe cho> 
russet were admirably executed, paitimi* 
Inrly the CortHiatioH .Inihcm. The per- 
formances commenced at twelre, and 
concluded abuul four. 



J 



loe 



A^iftsrm* ReteBrtk^. 



uraLnczntz FftOM vauocs fAiiTi or 

TH¥ COI'HTIT. 
St. Mary'r 0tarrh, SArfJtllmfy^—ln 
addition w the jrapro-reta^nti nccntl; 
effected ttUliin tbi; jnterior oftbtrfnw- 
•ble Churoh of St- Mary, l&hrrw»bury, 
see Gi-nt. Man- 5i.i;VHi. ij. p. aiG:; iK.f*, 
I, p. (fj-k'l^a baiidstimt BlonBtrreen, in ttic 
■tyle of Hi-nry Vll.'=t titas, b«* wptntlv 
been t-roi-ted Iwnritli tip 6n*.|»ned 
OTfui. K iR divided inio thff« criniMrt- 
inent». fonned bv »■ nwny obtuM-ly 
pointed an-lpc*. snif dividtd by buHrf«*M 
of tw«i fLturifi*. hijfhly d<.-fOT»tcd *i(h i*ti. 
culatC'd dhJsiona, of^utAininU HJi op*n 
flower 111 rvljct"! Touiid tb* in^*r rec*iw> 
of thi! srchet ve text in&chpriom ifnim 
tbe P»i1(n» Iti old rbararler*. 

Above ifi B pcrics ot snmlirr »rrhf«» 
dmilmr ii> style, \m<<inf( rinttiw-foil bif»d«r 
■ad filled nitli ibr like rcElciiUled diri- 
■loiM uiid tirt^iTienti', t'nch of tbe fcrrfc*! 
being divided by a fayoll yimxa b-n^irm ; 
tbe itting rourw i* tlierfiicd vritb elabo- 
ntely PuiTCd bends of «n|fel»* pAtcm, 
8ic.( Nnd tlie spundrils of tbr »eT«TAl 
arche!< ilirovif^liuiit am vin\f-ho4 v^tb >ele- 
gUlt tdid viiricd fwlJaRf. cxquisittfly «olp- 
lured- Tho wboU- form* n prominent ind 
ImpONJikit fcftlure to thf niikin eiitnture of 
Um nuvf«, uid ulll be d peniianvnt monu^ 
ment i.f rW n^ud tn»tp mA wunifictnre 
•f tbr diiiKJj', tUi- l!f V. Willivii (iiunucb 
KowIhiie], M. Ah Mi'^JBUT and Offin*! 
of tbr (iurc'h. It «■•■ desipipd by Mr, 
Jobn tjkrltfw, juii.f ol ShrcviibDry. 
Tbi: ij'irlli Inuiofiit ftlw ttu been 



Kdoroed wjiib tbree hvidfome ci 
nuDMi-niSi, <-xeeuted in the gothic itft*, 
vrbidi faanuoiuie with tbe^ »plradid mimio- 
ml rrertcilLo the Her. J. B. BUkewra;, 
iiibd fumi A jtlnuinp ■piHsrant-e on viiteT- 
inptbc CUurrh at the nurlb-east etid. 

Otber imjjrovi-uienl* in tbrintMJorQf 
the rbunh arr in rantraiplatiatih wbieb 
when romiilrrfd will tedder St. Mafy^ 
xhc h.mA*oaif*t, a> it U ncnr one of IM 
moat tntf rctiniig ecg| gn ink»l bvUdinni in 
SbnfMhire, a. F. 

Mm^ lA, A fntii p rc euiiai i. m wUck 
jj] the Cai^ulir inhabitnnts asaistcd, toA 

C'sn* in ViiHrVjr^T. Tbe oanuiaa wh 
TiDR the 6nrt tJoixe of « conrmt, to Iw 
oiUtdlhr <.'onvrn(of the 1- our Siitera of 
tbe Ordec of N'Unatioii of St. Knuicw d« 
^«te^ wri-i ii'< lAijt-rt t< ihc rdiicmboo of 
400 or UK* [unit kmile cLildcrtL. 

Jymf 4,—'J'b« roumbifim wa* lud ofa 
li^UhfHiw Kt the •ntnnoB of Fmhrntrnk 
kMrtwwr. Tb« (tAivwing t* ibe iMorip- 
flon on ibp plBie of dw AwndufonvlaBtti 
— " Un ilw 4ch oT Jom^ l&k in t^ 
fourth ]HW of dw nlgn of Hie moet 
muienH MjiaiOT Unf WlUhiat tb* 
Fourtb, ^b mMiitian-atOft* of tbv FmL 
mmith Lt^l-bowr !■«> Uid. in fonn, hf 
ibv Aneient uid Jforournldn? Sodity of 
Kreeuid Anrptrd Muoiir, the Mftj^h 
trmte»„uvd C'OUiiioitter, In tbr }i<rr»efiec 01" 
tbe He^-'l of Ifac Narml tnd Arinj' 
E«tjiblij cieflfe*, Bhd public UAccrm, to- 
getbtr 1 b t DtLiupro«a bodT of Lodfieai 
«nd Oe.„.ein«tL WiUaa W«lkffr, esq. 
•rcbiiect; Mr«an. Oiiwr, buildtwi.** 



lMtOMOTI0NS» PHEFERl\IENTS» &c. 

GaZVTTI PKOWOTIOKI. 



Mey le. iilh fooi, Ctr*. E. Ilppui te br 
Hnior. 

JVay rr. Knlihrnl. MJiJar-Onn. tht IJan, 
Al». tHuir, (J.(',>l. M.j»r(i*'i,J(Ht-hliM»cU»a.. 

Mtay so. a^j rvnt, Li»ut. t.'dU lliut. KhhI tn 
k« LMuI dot. 

JuHf a, -rUr III. Ilun^ T. Hi.riri[ Hln 4n4l SU 
Jolin V»4ii)ijia, twnrii dF tli* rntj CiXilu-II imd 
Uic Rl. IJohi t. ii'pfi'jtii ItiTv, »wrjrB »ne ef tn* 
M-i«t|)-t Pi>4i«liial ftMrriailM of hhHwtfat Uu> 
Ca'otim.]' 

Juntl. Hrii, liiiitin Auckland, to ^ Fini 
Laid at lli* Atlmltatly. 

JiMri 111, Kolwrl Mi«|tUi^4 r«r«ir, pr r«i|)k, 
ben. ra. VHciriiril, f,«rt. Ill Uia tl»IOHu4 lit-rand, 
k]rU>" »'<• ul U..ro4i I'.K-*. 

A I Till Ititiii Hun. Jitniti AXfttrntmhy 

M^ t '"-I*.*.,, lot* M.l<ir, 

M*it, ]|u(l. |>j|.iil, *M|. Capt. 

< CvtUr F'TivwAn, bq. in ft* 
F Jwatpa UattJMl fff Nk M#jn- 

J Uiili N*r, lo^. |M tat ci«>k 
ft«. tltUf W. Cat. from thu 

ifclMtil., lA W M-Jdr, >ir>- W. Rim 
i|»«^h<.l*»r'l Ur>li»>ii, ri<]. •.ird 
ni Hynt to fn. i'ntnmutn.iHri dI 

«* AxJH.^ ftlid IC#p,|„rty, — K. T. 

icfnari i^' lK#Tf»Miir,. 



Til* e.il o^ c-rl.if t» t« t#r4 rrtvy U*l.t— 
Rl. n»B. E4v. E]li«* 10 turn » m«i n Km Ciftl 

■Ct.— The Uvqmi «f CQUJTKh.ra lo h FmUms^ 

ir'^-ern.— Rt- linn. ItnWii Gi»at to K( GotNlMr 
•rfliddr**. — M'jor in* Mftirqiai* of Di»n')l bl Iw 
CocuuutAU la Cb^ aod LiraL^Oorvtavr of 



EaxE^iAfTikAi: PiiLtrudttKnrv. 

Um. — CuUw«, iVali, q| Ci«m C»H>. 
ferv. J. fcrte »n >e, C*tt<-» of W•^^T•ier Ca.tlt. 
Rer. .1. Oot*. Cmm* m Kl^<1-><r l.'«t!>. 
Kn n R. J, HotaMi, r'Tfr. of LitihAtr C«tb. 

firi. A. ('Ui(tr. Iv (J>e Ciiwich of hivvrvE^. 
Rn. II. Clitlf, ^iaFilifirilJ R. r« WoKntef, 
Rr«. J. ri»>mo(, W'>BK>l»h«>n ft, Riiffsth^ 
Hrr. T. M . Cm aad, FiuUiM^d P. C. btmerHt, 

!!•». J-lll**.,!,'", Kuati»bH«iPic H. Karfalk. 

K'V. i. rrri,l.ll, t<ti4t(n«Il H. t.A. tjaxiia, 

fc»r- J. II. Fiudjfi, rhi«ieiM« ud Aviua R. m. 

HutUhd. 
Rpt. J. Urr* ot). SKtruKoii fi. Wilu. 
M'v, B.IUrriv IVrrtr K. .». N'>nl>-nnnia. 
H^. J. rii^iill. bmn Hr.u.o II. Va.kihi.t 

Hai r. Ilirinf, I huriti at ri'^lif*. «n BtMfilna. 
H«r. U. >,.rirlt, Utdd^fedMl* ^ **-• 
H«T. 0. Jvjin, t~a(lftt.u>« V. ca 



An. R. Laogt, Coddcnhkin V. Suffalk. 
Krv.F. Q. Mabrilj.Cirm FinVM>fniiR)< V. SnOnlk. 
Rnr. W. Poichctl, Poilon M«Eca R. ro Lintolp. 
K<v. F. Rubiionn, Mnopiftphl U. <«. OiTotil. 
■n. T. II. .StitfM-tiy.Nonli Mimcni V. HaircrdUi. 
Kv*. J Sniil'i, Lf-ng Ituikhy V. ro. Niitliftmpl. 
ll«r. n.SUioliDuir. AILoii B^'ittri R. Wilb. 
R*v.W. B. T..W, NViii*r W.llnp V. H.mi»fa>rp. 
Ew. i. r»y'of. S[. Jolin't I", r, Nrwcaiilt. 
lUf.E-O. WiDKlielJ, M>ik<iO-«iicHiR. BxtUcd. 
R«rr. O. W. 8. lUcnlraili, CliJip. to (be b.ii of 

I Ikrttt >•«•*. 
Re*. H. 3- Tarkr, rbap. lo the ll|i, ef WottcUrr. 



MemiterM returned to lerve in Parliamemi, 
Camhnagr.^HuM lion. T. 8p>ii« Ricr. 
Ptrby%h>re{Soith).~Uaii,G II. C-tTUlll*b. 
JDixiitiTfi''. — F.'.r'.<«*» J>rol', r>q. 
Hintuinh. — ^ir Jabn CaOipbrll, AU<irB.-<lFB. 
Rl. II«o. SiT J, A '>»'i-tro«iii>y, rc-ettilrrl. 
Frrtutifie/i (■«.>.>— M<Tiyu ArrlJirll, CK|. 
irrfh £"ryA,._Kl llo«. J. A Murijiy. 
lUunngAai'ik-rr.—Uao. II. R. W'itpnt4. 
Pt'tii.—TLt. l|3r>. Sir U. Murf-j, ri.C.R. 
ir«U*H-H. W. R. ColborD*, E>H. 



BIRTHS. 

Mli'y*- At St- iuhn't, \t«rnundl*nd, ll>e 

imdy cf Iti* Uwn- Cli.er JtkJ))' B"Ulioii. • »on. 

H.Tht r't»»»o/C.lly«4y, ..1-u. HI. Ai U*n- 

by Gri>D|c C4. Ttiih, tf)c l<<>iy o( l4ir Joltd L. L. 

K>yr. Riit. a >aii. ■n. Ai Wrymouiti, ihr wife 

«r M-jor H. V<i,(l.lrur, • d-u. ^l. AI Hood 

UwiM-. Tul '». 11^ wife of Lx-ui ral. Hill. C.S. 

■ t«u. as. Al frfjitoo, IHtor, l^ic wifcarCopl. 

Wm. H. Pkj*!'. K.N. bhii. i«. At Une i«l- 

dreca vf liit mnthor, Udy W>n. ^rjmo-a', lUe 

Udy of llcnrir Stynrtur, ewj. • •«■>. >•. At 

Ipyc r<rk LudKF. tr>« inr« of J. C. A. Si>'l.y, 

rw|. a ton and linii. In Wimpolr-ttrrct, ll>< 

Clt%* WiiiWrlon, a d.tu. Al Bni[tituo, (lit 

lion. Mil. AailrixiB, k ton. 

Jmti. At th« Vi«iru(«, B4lh«4»tnn, lh« wife 

•fthr RcT. Kpr-ii(rrM*<Ui),atuu. 1. Xliawtfc 

■f J.Il. Vmnn.nHi. M.P. « wo, lo Watrrlou 

PIacv, M'». F. IlimntoD, i»»c«i. I'IkCoooich 

Daadonald, a too. 7. Al UhjilmiB. l«d)r JJ»r- 

d'ncc. wife <rf H. T. Joan, m<|. a kw. 0. At 

Bl^llicrwyckr P<irk, NDtUi*niptiMii)iiip, .Mri. Aif 
fiiito^ FiEwov, a (Qii.^ — -Tie wfe ijf Jolm Wil- 
MO. MHJ. of Ncrmantott H*ll. UiccHrr-Jiire, « 

tfau. L«<ly lUi.iy TliynBf, a dau.— — 10. In 

Wimpolp »tirel, iJii- \alfi>S 8" fliilif liiey r^ci- 
160. or Ouli..it P-rk, CliMtilic. * (Imi.^ — -In 
Barklpy mu«r*, llie C'tc»5 of 0«nley, a ♦on.— 
11. Vitr'tr^i FoMwich. a toii.^— In Bdinbursb, 
Uic lion. Mf». |titli«nl Be»iiuioo[. ■ d»u.- — n. 
In ttpiK-i GloutiM'Fi plj<«. Ilic wifp ofLirut. Col, 

J.>».*ToJ. ■ »on. nr wife rf M. U. HtlNcu). 

M.P. Uit Hull, 4 Mtn. 14. lo E4UiD-pl«rr, Dip 

Boo. lift. OifcC'lc. • wa, lo lf»l«ml. the 

Viln>unlr^» Biiiiiiitiorc, ■> dau.- 'IS- Al Waml*. 
tv«Mll), ihc WI'C "f iHb Hnn •Oil B«v. Ilor*c« 

I>Owvi, • <lau. Al BryauiWiie H/Juw. Piii»»-t. 

llle Ltdy E-nm. p.xtitiiii, a dau. Al ll«» Vt- 

rartlf, il"»i'Hii«r No'lox, i»i* "ifr of Um* H«v. 

C iwlti U(w.y .M.yDr,aMia. 16. Tiif Dutli«n> 

of Sull>«t)au>I, ■ dau. IS. TTi« M^ftbiaaeM at 

Ailrrtory, ■ kon. 

MARRIAGES. 

Jan. i*. Al tun M^untiui, (J« Rrf . LanfHthc 
BjDk*, (KObd C^lori •! Oiapl4iu. Ui Loui**, eid. 
dm.nt LiMU-foi. Fy*n. 

Mai chli. At SI Ororv*'*, llanoTrr-tq. the 
Hoo, Ei^w.CnilCunoD, ic Ennlj, *iith d*u. •' 

J. Dafiiell. CMl- 11. Al Wiiitrlmicl., lo O»oo, 

lb*RcV. P. Aidea Cooper, to A'^tlisFranm, dan. 
of Pbilip LyMw PowfS «^' <*'' Hxdovrh IIoum. 
Oion. 14. TlM Rev. John Ailkarti D«aoe, 




F.S A. Ui M>*» FoardfiotPf, of T4tlrnham. «», 

AtSultoa, ilK Rev. T. Pdilcwn. Rector of Pal. 

aey. Wilt*, to lti>va Sewcll, fourth dau. of W. 
Deatie, esq. if Alton Hall) near Ipiwich. 

JprU ib. At MaiMon Mafna, iomenet, tlw 
Re\. K. Albwn Cox, Vie<t of .Moal^THtr, to 
frincei, dau. if tlie Hn Joi'ii WiiUamt. Piet>- 

nrWtlli. Al Avlr»>»-a>f. Drvun. ilir Rrv. f;, 

T. Slnlt^, Vddrof Uffiulcnr, toMitiqatct PrAtiie*, 

dau. «f Uk late Hf%. H. M-tkci. 16. i:<l(>rBi(l 

li>cs ewt- fif ilie laacr Tenifilc, lo Ilcllf Einily 
Lydia, dan. of Fulmef Cc'Veu, r»0- "f Cr«»m 

ifuuor, llaitli, and Clxltou llouw, Brfkt. At 

St. r-ula. Biiatel, lite He*. liMtii* httiv Bar- 
low, JLcttutof St. Jofau'i, to H>ti>i<tt Eliia, daa. 
of TiiKmaa Heoea. «ii. (narchaDl.^— 17. Al 
Eait Boutu, Suwc>> Jolm K. Eti/i, rtq. of Bnya, 
Cornwall, tu CaUj. Oitbeil, rlilol iSdia. of DoVM* 
G'ltieit, oflb^t ptaie, ^Dd of Tipilr«', Cornwall, 
lale Pie»>denl O* ih* K"y*l IfeniPlj, and Mplnlwf 
foi BoilTUin.— At Wr»nu luppr M'(*, the Rev. 
Edw. Nnt, U.A. (« Lahtm l{rnr>rtL«, i>aly tla«. 
of llic Uie Frnncii Jame* Jaekana. c><). H.M. Mi- 
niiter pkinpoleitUaiy U> tii( Uuiietl $utc* of 
Ami-tic*. A;c. 

Jf"y 3. At At- O«or«e'» HatMrertq. Geore* 
Sieppafd, «M)- o( Ptanipton, U«r»et. tv Iwbtlla, 
youafctt dau. of llie late A. FiadUy, ett). of 

LoB<iab. At tlie Alibry Clmuli, Ore •! Mat 

vrro, ihe Rl. Hod. I»(d Nt:wb<)rou|lT, 10 Fraucal 
M*r)*, e<dut dau. of Die Kr« Walltr Wiikm, 

uf ilHy lU»lir, Bremn. tT. At llackney, iha 

Hn. I. May, R«ctur uf UotiKutoit, V<itk*lii(c, lo 
MTia, Oau. oI tlie Ulr W. FraDirtoii, mi. oT 
I.^Bdc[itiiilUiU< tt.— iO. At R<:i»k, Hfc*rrfunl«liire, 
t)<« Rru fhdile* Rodd, Rtriot of North Hill, 

Cornwall, to Mim Bmnia llaiiT-y. At F.iUtia^ 

ion, W-i t'u kilore. ilie He*. Wm. Kaat, MariTiaJI, 
B.A. luiuTlbi'ot of St. M«ry'». Bri<lf«nortH, t» 
tjavi:* &>|:liia, tlilrd dau. af ihf lUv. W. 9I«r»l>, 
M.A. and irand-^-u. of tl>r Ue Col. Sir C. 
il<rftli, al Rtaitiuf. Brikt.—^. AlTiull. ocar 
Tauulon. Joha ]t->t. ru) tn Mi«i Jult^na, ildcit 
dan. of the late Col. Vioari, ii(Amtw-td Hotue.^— 
W. F. F'rrtr.e'Mi. •>' F.i.litlil Moui^. liueki. i* 
F'linr RiraiOa, only cliild ofCn'. L. P. Jocet, of 
Kortli U'.lr*. and atref of Sir Cli**. WpthcrlU 

At Cliiudeion, CO. Oifvid, ihe Hcv. T. Vata- 

Mr Dutrll.Vitar of Pyitou, lo HarilrtT, dau of 

Ibc UiG Rti- i. Adam*. Al Ben»oo, eo. 0«f. 

Ihe Iter. A. BrowDc, Ttrai uf Flitluo. Be4lora»b. 
tn £lis. lliiid dau. of T. fl. hob-rt.etii Bc(l«l 

of L-* lo 0\r Unireirity «>f f><irfiid. vS. At 

Biisl'fio, F. Wd>. Xlrdky. to Us. ctdrK d«a. at 
the Be». K. feooell — -7. At Cltarlu.n. Bear 
UuVEi, tlie Rr».r. B. LaoeMl". of B.-tfitiloi^ 
Xriit, to EiiDy, tlilrd dan. oi John Ward, eM|. 

Coll««tor of Co«ton>»at Uore», A'St Oforte'i, 

daiityvrr-^rt. Vi«. Cotry, to F.mily Ixi)u«. dau-of 
tlic I .Ic W. &h<-;>>ier<l, <*q. ■>' Br,»ll>uuior, Krai. 

latriy. Al Eoton, NonlumpiaLitliiTe, tli« 
Rer. W. Tliorp*. li.U. i>l B*-t(i-ve Cliap-I, IB 
Amabel Elic, C«ii»tr*» of Fvinlret. 

Jti«r2. M P-ri». Hue'i Fm(k«, *'<|. K* "f 

the lal* Str Win. Ft"br». Bait, lo Aot. «ld. d>M. 

U>J. G, Mi»tB«o. M.U. UU of naimtApie. J. 

At bl, CeotRrt, R*oo»f I .o. tW E*rl •tntnert, 19 
JaiiP, widcur of the RCT. (i. Waddioitoti.— fl. 
At 8-llt, JiJifi CliliiLikO Boodr, fwj. In CleiPtii. 
Iioa Elil. Maiy, only dau. of Viee-Adm. Sir 1|. 

Wm. B'ViilUQ. 10. Al «i. Gro.fe'i, llanatf-r. 

M. the B'et. C. M LmiK, lo H-mct Maty, eldeil 

dati. of tke l-U W. En«e. 'x^- Al M. Cieorf«'« 

Hano»er-»n. tlie Rev. F. A. S F-i'«, to Jo-mia, 
ynuiiseii d*u. of Uic UtcSif B. Hobhoute. B.ilU 

II. At Bcikenl>am. Kiot, Jaoier tUmilloo, 

tsa. tn U.rtha, fr<urlh tlau. of ll ■ lolC Re>«. i- J. 

Talm-O. Vriar of North Curry. IS. Al •U 

Jjnira'a, We»tniiD»te/. tli* B'v. Fred. Fiulior- 
ben Ilai1rwu»d, to CtalMU Et» eld*»t d.o. oT 
the Ian George Dcrtng. sMi- «' B«il«"« Coor*. 
Ke0^ 



i 




102 



OBITUARY. 



CJ«Jy, 



Tms EAftt or BftutA;TON. 
fl^R At Burlin^on house, Pictai. 
8(1, ih* Kight Hon. Ueorfc 
AupiftUi Hcnnf r«v«fndi«h. Earl of 
BiirliiiirTon, mn Baroo L«»cii(ii»li. of 
Kcuchley, co. York ; uncle to the Duke 
of DonMubire. 

This veoermUe notileRun n-u bnm 
Mircb.'II, 17M.lbe^urHt(rKmof WU- 
liam fourth Puke at Ucvonihire. K.U. 
bf tmiy Clwrlirite Boyle. Baronew Clif- 
ford, dnu^lKcr mud brir of Ricbard Eul 
uf BuHin^un hni Cork, linnediitely 
on rominK of we, b« wmi nluracd to 
Parliament for Koare«borourb, un « v*. 
cattry occaaiotwd bjr the death of Sir Au- 
thony T. Abd; in April 1775. 

At tbepmerml eleciitm in ITSOlie waa 
elected for the town of Drrliy, wbirb be 
continued to reprenrnt in tour Parlin* 
menta until the dnvih of bis uncle Lord 
John CnvcndiAli, in Dec. 1796, made a 
Tinmrj" for the county of Derlijr, for which 
lie ua* Member in ninv ParluineiitK until 
hiBelevatimi to tbe peenge in 1&31, 

In iM. 1783 Lord Georn Ovirndi>h 
w«« nuinimited Colonel of tm fir«t balta* 
lion of (he Dcrb>'>>l)ire militia. 

In 1797 Lord Geoqce Carendiftb voted 
wilh the prcscHC Premier on bts motion 
for a Reform in Parlianient. He always 
maintained the firme«t Whig pnr>ripli'«, 
and WHi eeer naurded w ■ model of 
contiitFnfy and honour. Like bii Intc 
vmrmhle Iriciid T.tird KitxnilUam, he wat 
one of the iteaflifNil nuiijiorters of the 
turf, but vcttt never known to bet. 

By hia union vrilh tbe noble beirets of 
tbe Comptons, and bv tbe vast fomme 
bexpaeatbed to bis fauiii^- by Ins celt-limK^ 
relative Mr. Cavi-ndihh tbe cbeinist, 
Lord George beraine catinently qualilied 
to support the diunity of tlie (weragc; 
but it wm not conferred opoo him until 
towards the close of hia life, when be 
V'M created I-jirl uf Burlington, apd Lord 
C«»*nduh, of Keifc'blev, by jiattot dated 

The E«rl of BurlinRlon mamcd at 
i^'ty chnpel. (^nduit utreei, Ki-li. 27, 
'*^ Lady Eli»bfCh tompton, ditugb. 
••'"f Charlea 7th Eafl of >onhiiniiilon ; 
f" , ^y her l^riykhip, who iurvivc* him, 
, ''«d i»^u^ f^y„ »onit and si* d»o(thteP(: 
A ,*^>'li«tn Oivendi-b. E^q. M.P. for 
'jyu-hb.ir^ who wM kilUd by being 

m-rJ*"" *"*"* * PK' J"" **• '8"^ ''■"'* 
liu. fi""B*>an. rMe».l daugl't«-r of Torne- 



M.P. (or Ayleftbory, ud a Captain ta 
lb« 7tb diifoODS, wbo was drowned ta 
the diaembukMfam of tbe Britiah armjr 
in %^n, in Jan. 1H09, in hia 2Mb year; 
3. Eliaibrtti* Dorothy, vbo died an in- 
fant ; 4>. l^dy AuBC named is USA to 
Lieut. .Cat. Lofd ClMflea Fitvrax. b^ 
whom »be baa two dao^btent ; 5. |b« 
Hon. Henry-Frederick. Comnton (.'«ven- 
diRh, Lieut.. Co), of the fimi Life Guards, 
artd Equerry to the Kinic, and M. P. for 
Derby; he married fin^l in 1SII Sarab, 
daughter of Wm. Aur- Kawkener, Eaq. 
wbo died in 1617, leaving two dai^tflU 
and a Km; tecondly. in 1819, Freneia- 
SiMan. aiater to the 'Karl of Durham, and 
widow of the Hon. Frederick Howard, 
by wbom be baa three »otu and two 
d«uKbter8;6. Elitabetb. whodiedyounc; 
7. the Hon. Charles- Complon Cavendiui, 
M.P. for EwT Su«aeXi who nwrried i» 
IHH Lody Catherine- Susan Gordon, 
eldr«t daughter of the E«ri of Aboyne, 
and ha« is^ne a aon and two datlgbtert j 
H. Mary- lx>ui«a, who died an infant j 
9. Lady Caroline, who ii livinfc unmar- 
ried; 10. Fredrrick-Compton, and IL 
Charlotte, who both died in infancy. 

The present ICart of Durliivton, nbo 
haa uieceeded to hit pBndfatbcr*« bo- 
noum, was bom in 1808. He is a Fel- 
low of the Unyal Society; be bad thus 
di*tingiiiMit-d linnour of repreaenting tb4 \ 
L'niveraity ul CaiitbridRC in the but Par- ' 
liamcnl, iind has sat in tlie preamt for ' 
North Derbysliire; he innrried in 18S9 ' 
Lady Blanche- Gcorviuna Howard, fourth 
diiufibler of tbe Earl of f^rliile, br 
whom he has bitd two Kona, tbe elder oY 
whom i« Uilely doad. and the younger is i 
nuw Lord C^tvi-ndthh. 

The body of the late Earl was ron- I 
veyrd lo Derby, for intennent in th»-j 
family vault at All SaintH Church; wbcTB < 
tbe funeral u-aa attended by the Duka i 
of Drvonihinr, tbe two yuuneer sons o(\ 
tbe decfB'ed, hta grandaoo Mr. Geof^ 4 
Cavendixh, and bis ■un.jn-hiw Lori ' 
Charlea Fitzroy. 

The Duke of Deronahire. tbe Hon. 
C. C. Cavvndi<«h. atid the Right Hon. 
Jainca Abfrcromby, are execuura of tb« 
Utc Eart'a will. 



^'"t Lord Lixtnofe, by wbom he hod 



isau. 






|J""^»oi«indiid«m;hlcr; a. George- 
'"*-^i>ipton Cjivendisb, Eaq., alio 



J^RD BljlYWrT. 

jtpril 8. At Bilton* hotel. 5iickirill«. 
street, Dublin, in hia 62dyear, tbe Rlgta 
Hon. Andrew Tbomaa Bhyfiey, vlr^TOtl _ 
Baion Bluyitcy-, of Monagban (IGSl]^' 
a Lu-utciiaiit-Ofnvml in ibf army. 

Hut Lordi>hip was born Nov. JO. 1570l» 
tlie younger aon of CadwaUndcf tha 



1S34.] 



OBiTVJiHy.—Lieiit.-'Gftterttt Lord Blarney. 



niatli Lord, bjr Sopbia dnugbttfr of Tho- 
ttos TipiHiig. esq. 

tic suci'ecded tu t\m titlu on tbe tleath 

ofbU broUiiiron th« )id A|>ril, 17H4; uid 
«iter«d tbe nraiy in )78f) lu Kn^iftn in 
the 32d regiment, which be joined at 
Gibntlur. Hi- pi'tfurined tlic viiriuus 
dulivii of subaltern in t1iat gnrri&oii, and 
bad the best opportunities fur funning hi» 
principIcK and ftiture (xindurt, t'ruiii tbi- 
regiment being at tbnl pt-iiud remaikuble 
fur its exi.-ellent ord«r and iwrfect ntate of 
discipline. Hl' embarked tberice fur tbe 
West IndJM, and pxcbangrd intu thtf -IIhI 
trgu as Licutriuiril; and (sub^fjnently 
obtained a company in the ^th, of whirn 
corps bis lather had been Colonel. In 
1794 he obtained tbe MHJority of the 
69th, by raising recniit« for that rank; 
and embarked in tbe expedition to Oatvnd, 
umirr Lord Moirn. His Ixirdship nerved 
tbe entire of the ciin)pai){us in J-'lunders, 
and on one oi-mston be bad bi» bot»e shot 
tuideibim,ut)d received a cut oa tb« bridle 
band and over the eye. 

At tbe close of tbe campaigns, be rC' 
turned lo England witb the remiUna of 
tbe re^inent, and they proceeded, with 
otber (:orpn, to form a camp at Sunder> 
land, in order to fmhurk with iht: lliec 
under AdniimI Clicioliaii fur the Weat 
Indies. In I TIK* ho ubtainpd tbe brevet uf 
Lieul.-<^lunel,andiii l79t:lM-ai!>appoiiite4l 
Lieul.- Colonel of tbe 80lh regiment by 
parchase. Previoualy to thut periuu, 
b« WAR aeleeled by Lord ('urbumptou, 
tben Commander of the Fori.'t-<i in Ire- 
land, In rnmniand a Hying camp, cutciposed 
of di'tiicbmentg of light cavalry, li(fW«r- 
tillery, and Hank companieH. tbe north of 
Ireland being then in a Krious state of 
disttirbanee. In tbe courw of tbiii com- 
naDd, it was diffli'ult to »teur clear of 
party, and to cxcL-utv »ati»fiaetorily the du- 
ties required; he was, however, so far 
fortunate ati to meet with public tbonki 
from tbe grand juries of tbree separate 
counties, and the entile ■pi>rol>ttUun uf 
tbe Communder-in- Chief, nit. Lurdnhip 
wuairtivL-ly employed during; the entire 
of tb« relielliun m Ireland, purticubirly at 
Vinegar Hill and in tbe town of tnain- 
eortby. ubere be Ha« again wounded ill 
tbe thigh. 

HeDubtM.'quentlyproceedcdto Minureii: 
and on advices beiii); received from Lord 
>'elitun rrbicivc lo tbe precarious sitimtiun 
of the King of ^apI«)H, vtho bad been 
forced to uiandon bis continental domi- 
nions ond retire to Sicily, bia Lordship 
was selected with the 89tb and tbe 90tb to 
proceed thither; and, alihuugb tbe King 
was surrounded bybo»ta of enemies, and 
tbe Brui&b troops luul to etKounter in- 

' Irigue, disaflecdon, and xevolutionaTy 



103 

good ■ 

fitt in ■ 

ni^y- ■ 

.t. til ■ 



principles, these regiments bad tbe good 
fortune to be most materially useful in 
prewernnit (but monurehy. Li*rd Bluy- 
itvy w-at Hllcrwiirrt* #ent lo Malt.t, tu 
BMist E>ir A. Ball in the biege and block- 
ade of that UlAiid. where bi«i preHcnce 
wait malerinily useful. He afierwurda 
went to l-'loreiirc, Maiitun, mmI Verona ; 
and ]oined the Kus^^iuni^ under Suwarrow* ■ 
Hi Aiisbui);, Irum whence be returned to fl 
KngUnd, bringing the accounts of tb« ■ 
ouetations in tbut quarter. Tiro muntba 
alter be again emUttked for tbe Mcditer- 
rHiiean, and juint-d bin n*gimeni, which in 
tbe meaiiliaie wil8 actively engaged in tbe 
reduction of Maiia. Hi's Lordship, then 
cumuiandingHdetdchment ol the Maltes« 
eurps and some Hunk companies v^'iu tho 
fint who planted tbe Britiib colours on 
Uie ton nt Rt-ntsoli, Bve day« before the 
entire cnpitutnlimi of the isUnd. 

Me next finbarked on the exjiedicioa 
under bir R. AbcrciuinUe fur Egypt, 
where be was actively eiij^uged in rriiy 
action during tbnt cmuiui^gn. The ivgi- 
ment bein^f ufierwards detached, together 
with the UOcb. u few of tbe llcb light 
dragoons, and a corp.H of Albanew, bad 
orders to occupy the right biink of tfaa 
Nile, and to possess UoxettA, which wmi 
aceurdiogly done. This corpH bud eOD* 
9[«nt &kiriuihhi-s with the enemy at Timt- 
bung diid some other places, in which they 
were always successful, though otiposed 
to superior force. The army under tha 
comiiwnduf Sir D. Baird, anired soonafter 
from Indiu ; ami ibe»e n^imeiilti, with 
others, were ordered to n-inforce I^rd 
Keith's deet, then nhort of rumpleineiitf 
and to go in pursuit of tbe French nqua* 
drun under Admiral Gantbeaume. Lurd 
Bbiyney was embarked witli purl of the 
regimeut on board the ilinotaur. Alter 
[Hissing some time at Malta, the news 
ul tbe peace of Amiens arrived; and the 
army, with the exception of garriaoiis, we* 
ordered home. 

Alter a very short tinw the services of 
the ti-giuicnt were again required, and bis 
Lotfdsliip ctobuiked at Cork to join th« 
expedition under Lord Catheart. A vio. 
lent gtde occasioned the loss of a great 
proportion uf that army, among wbicb 
were the head-quarter ship of the BOtb, 
the enliro of tbe atatP, the band and 
drutnmets, with a fine greruidier com- 
pany, &c. His Lord»hip, wlio lottt tbe 
whole of bis luggiige, landed with tbe 
remutnderof the regiment at Bremerle^ 
and joined Lord Caibcart's army, some 
Swedish troops, and a Russian force 
undex (^unt Tolatoa. 

On the return of tbe Brici«h tn}opl^ 
Lord Blayney uad the rcroiuns of UM 
army were quantred in Kent, fton 



J 



104 



Obituary. — Rear-Adm. Sir C, CwflJitA^Aam. 



[Jiily, 



wbeiKM! ihey joined the oxpt-dition under 
Gen. Wbiit^orke, ti> Soutb Aioerica: *t 

tlie conrluftiuu u{ wbich tbc:)- nrocL-cdrit lir appvurvil ocrwionally in pniu. T)ie 
t^ Ctepe of Good Hti'|ic. I'be rt-gi- dnttor, oa rxaminution, found that hU 



found that the turpor he bad evinced tlw 
preceding niKbt \\n» not abatinR, tbotigb 



to . . 

mottt WH saoa aRer oidurrd into eamp, 
and Qen. Grcjr appointed l^ord Ubij-nc-y 
to an atcntivc caDtmimd, in which he 
gave ffWt sadafaedon. On tbe Im'ukinjf 
up of the camp, bi* lonUhip einbarked 
for Oylon and the Ktut Indies, uid 

, ftnerwards went to Kio Jitiieitu, wb4Te 
Sir Sydney Smiib wtu cowtitsiniiofi; the 
Itect, and underlouk (be supcrinieodence 

. of the furre, coiiitUling of 'i,OU0 Purlu- 
guew, with u drtHchmetit ot^ seHmen and 
Bwrinn from tbi< lleet OnltTH. how. 
tver, arrivH lu xCnp the eijiedition, and 
lAtrd Blayney returnc-d tu Euru|>e- 

HiNlordiibipaflerwnrdd u'rnt to Gibi'al- 
tarj and tbcnee to Cadiz, wbt-rc be con- 
tinued 8oni« time during the *\ege. Hia 
•erviees ainoiip the Spaniards were )>arii- 
CUlarijr uacfnl, frtxn liin knowledge of 

I the iMigtMge. which enabled him, when 
•mong the Gnerillaa, to dirert iheir 
openiduna with i^eHt eflfert. Un bis 
tdum Irom Cadi< to Gibraltnr, be M-as 
lent on nn ciipe<tition to fumitb armi 
and am munition to ibe Spani irds and to 
lake Maiajra. Hihlordtliipattai-ked Kin- 
eeroJe. when an action commeiiivd wbicb 
Luted twenty- two boun; and, the Spanl. 
ftrdiKivin^ way, a battery fell into the 
liandcof the on^rny, which wai ebar^ ed 
tiy Lord i}layney, with a detarhnient of 
-tbc 2d tnttaiion ROth, and rp-taken with 
the bayonet. Hi» lordxhip's bt>r>« waa 
killed under him at the bnttery; and, 

i alter baring succeeded in anutber rh:ir];e, 

r be waa taken priaoner, beinf; far in ud> 
Wice and unaupported. ilaving remained 
ior aome time a {Miaoner in Spain, be 
went to Verdun, where be w-ai aoon 

. after employed by ibc Brituih Govern, 
ment in the distribution of money t(v 
wards the aupport of our own prisoners 
of wur. and aMiadng in relieving thuM* of 
our alUea, in a manner nhicb did immor- 
tal honour to the Briti»h nation. Hit 

: lordihip obuined tbe rank of Major- 

f GtMni 2Mb July, 1810, and of Uaut.. 

ffiaaeral lilib Aug. I»I9. Hit lonUbip 

' wu discinRuiibfd hv eitTpme ^ood-nature, 

•ltd vt una M:ry cull VI villi cbiii|tuiuuil. 

Ua the ^turday pret-L-duig bis dfuth 
\ be waa left at table in hia unuoJ ratber 
I deUcaee boAltb by hia agent, who dined 
I vitb him, and was Hibacquently fouiul 
I aloM by bis MTvanta, ■cotcleaa, om lyin? 
on tbe rkwr with bta le^ enton^ed in hia 
chair, in which ir bad prubably raugbt in 
L an aitrmpt (o ri'v from the table. He 
I carried to bed, ai if it had beca an 
■ccident. and no doctor wia 
' mtM in tin MXt ereninf. wbea it wat 



1 



thistb waA broken vi;ry near thi* hip, and 
cvi-fy attention w«s pqid to bin very dan. 
fTero'K H»tr. lie upfieared to improve a 
Little on Monday; the tame nigfat fell 
a^in into a ntate of Inscu&ibility, which 
tcTininiitet] in disaulutioii. 

lIcQiaTried. July o, 1795, Lftdjr Mabelki 
AlrVMiidi-r. eldest douk'hcer of Jaoie* firat 
Kurl of Calcdiin. uml ^istot to tlie present 
Earl : and by that lady, who j^iirvnve* him, 
be bad isiiue out ton UTidlhrecdsiiKhldrit 
1. tlia Hon. Anne, married in ISIS to 
rapt. Cbarlen (Gordon. R.N.; S. tba 
Rt. Hoi). CadwiilUdiT-DHvirt now Ijord 
DUyney, btirn ill iHH, and Utt M.I', in 
the present Farltanient fur Monufchmiabifw; 
.3. the Hon Klixabtth.- Harriet, who died 
in l8iS; and -t. the Hon. Cfanrliitte-So. 
phin, married in 1B33 to Fredenek An- 
gerateiii, esq. 



Rear-Adm. Sir C. Ci^NNtNcnAM. 

Ffb. 1 1. At Oak Lawn faou»e, near 
Eye, iJufTolk. ofccd 7U. Rear-Admiial 
Sir Charles Cuniiintfbam, K.C.H> 

Tliis excellent ullietT wai B native of 
Eye; and, having imbibed at an early age 
a taste fur a iimritiinc life, wc-nt at a boy 
into thu merchant service and mado 
several voyarca to America. In 177A hi 
entered thA Koyal Nav^ lu a midiihipman 
in tbe J^aluH 32, then a *' crack friKmta** 
under the command of (^apt. Vfta. Bea- 
nelt. In IT7U he uiled for the West 
lndie«, where be wan removed to the 
Bristol M, tbe flafr-ftbip of Sir P. Parker. 
In 1778, hanng disttnguiflhed himwlf in 
a nnguinary conteat with a French pri- 
vateer, when temporarily lent to tbe 
Oanch I i, Mr. Cunnin(;ham wtiA deemed 
worthy ol promotion to tbc Port Rt^ral 
sloop, ax ActiiifT Lieutrnunt ; from which 
be wai Houn afioc n-moieil in the ume 
capacity to tbc llinckinbruke 11> com- 
manded by the gallant Nelson. lu the 
beginning of 1 780 Mr Cuniiingbam joined 
the Palloii ■%, with which he servea until 
iti<i leaving Jamaica tn the iummer of 
I7K2, when he removed to tbe Ajai 74^ 
iiiil ill Srptt-mbt'r waa appointed tu com* 
mand the Bdrringtoa Iv: iu which be 
wma emp)o)'ed tn prrvenring tbe Americaa 
Mlt-tntdr tvith the R<ihanMft, and in con. 
juiM;tinn with NeUon in Aome operatiofia 
againtt Turk'a KUnd, whieh were «>horlI]r 
lulluwed bv tlie peace. The Harrington 
wai paid otVat Jainaira in llHi. 

In 178$) Lieut. Cunningham joined the 
Crovm Oi, brarinf tbe broad pendant of 
ibe J Jon. W. Catnwalha; and, having 
ttntd la ih« Eajt Indln about two 



I 
I 



J 



1834.] 



Obituary. — Rear-Adm. ^ir C. Cmtningkam. 



I 

I 



I 



ynn, he was trade Commiuider into Uie 
Ariel sloop, and ibortly after returned 
bome. 

On tlw! breaking nut of the rerolulioii- 
ary war. he wsm H|>)K>inl<M] to thi: Sptti'df 
14. and difi|Mi[r-bi'tl to join the llet-t iu the 
Afediterranean ; where he arrived in April 
ITOStandwisartiwlyempIoyedinktcpinif 
up the commiini<»tron bet^veen the tlet>t 
and the dipltimatir a^eniK on the station, 
inservicetwhieh retjuirvdhotbaddmsanil 
abtUiy, e«peei«Ily one wherein he bad to 
convey the celebrated Mons. Coloiine on 
a iwlitiral viKii to Naples. On the 5tb 
of Oct. in ihe same year, the Speedy 
accompanied the Bedford and (.^BptaiD. 
74's into the harbour of Cenoa, and 
seized ibe French frigate llodente and 
two tartana of four giiiis each; and iiq. 
incdiuiely after proceeded to the Gulf of 
SpeztA, in order to take another frigate. 
the ImpericuM: 38. Thia tine ship, tm 
the approach of Iter enemies ^tras ticuttled 
and RUNQduiied by the crt- w ; hut, being 
weighed again, wna ptircbuf<i-d for the 
King, and Capl. Cunninf;ham was pouted 
ioto the prise, under the nuiie of the 
Uniir, there beitig an imperieusc already 
in the service. 

Early in IT94> Capt C. exrbanged 
ship§ with Capt. WuUeley, of the Lon-e»- 
toffe 32, in which he wiui empbyed in 
the reduction uf Cotaica. Here he again 
met lliB old frii-nd Nt-Uun ; and ncquilted 
himBelT m> much to the Mttsfartion of 
Lord Hood, that he wa.s cliargrd wilh 
the public diKpatches annoiuicing the 
conquest of tbac itiand, and in which 
be wai very bundsomely mentioned. 
Capt. Cunningham nfterwarda corn- 
niaiided the Clyde, a fine 38-gua frigate, 
for nx years, arid ditititi^'uifibed biroaclf a^i 
a Kmart ai»d active cfuixer. That the 
discipline and ailanbment be maintained 
among the crew wa« more than ordinarj-, 
WIS memorably displayed on the mutiny 
at the Nure, when be and Sir JIarry 
Neelc were the only Cti|ilnin8 who could 
reiuain on board tii'.>ir «hip««, and the 
Clyde vns tfae first which left the rebel- 
lious tleet and repaired to die royal bta* 
tion at Sheerness. 

The Clyde shurtly after took charge of 
a convoy Ibr the Baltic; and on her re- 
turn captured the Succesi privateer, at»d 
another named la Dorade, but which was 
wrecked the ^ame day tn a heavy gale. 
Jn 1798 the Clyde wan plan-d in nttend- 
aoc« on the Kii'iKai Weymouth. In Jan. 
1709, on Tfhintiiog her duties on the 
Chsiinel stutiun, iJiu capturvd VAir. a 
schooner letter of marque, ami le Bun 
Ordre, a tine privateer of 16 guna. Oo 
the29thof Aug. following^ Capt. Cunning- 
bam highly dibtinguiahed liimself by bu 
(jkkt. Mau. \'oi. 11. 



103 



promptitude and courage in punuing two 
frigateii of the enemy, each of fojce iitUe 
interior to his own, inthout ftujHcrupu- 
lous delay on account of being ignorant 
of their sircnKih. This intrepid eondiirt 
was triuniphunlly ivwarded; for one of 
them, la Sugewie of 3S guns, took refuge 
in the Garoimc; and the other, ^ Vi-s. 
tale 36, was captured aftera runnine Bgjbt 
of nearly half an hour. It U «aid that 
Geor;ge the Third was at one of the the- 
atres, when he was informed that the 
Cljrde bad chased two frigaiB*, one of 
which she took, and drove the other into 
|iort,andthatbewas»ode]ight['datthegODd 
success of a ehiu which had been recently 
attending upon nini, th»t he immediately 
Btood up in the bvx, and commanded the 
new* to be rominunicated to the audience, 
when " Rule Briunnia" wiu loudly called 
for from e^-ery part of the hou^e, and 
perfunued Miib reiterated appluu^e. 

The Clyde afterwards joined Earl Sl 
Aincent «nd the persevering Adm, Com- 
w&llis. In the sumiiit-r uflSUO she wii 
employed in a close reronnoitre of ibe 
coasts of France and Spain, having on 
board Mr. Serres the marine jminter 
(husband of the ioi.diw«f Frincrss Olive) 
to sketch the various poits and headlands 
for the Admiralty; tis dniwiiigs were 
executed with singidur »kill, and tome of 
them bear witneM to (he uctivity of the 
Clyde in eultitig out. In this year she 
took the Deux .Vinis, a Spanish privateer 
of 4 guns; two French .schooners, la Rose 
and U Magicienne ; el Belez, a tine Spa- 
nish piicket pierced for IS giins; and re- 
took the Dick, an English Guineaoum. 

In iht' Hummrr of IHOI Capt. Cimnit^- 
bam WHK selected to command a smudron 
of frigates and Bmaller veiwrls in Coiiode 
Bty, for the protection of Guernsey*. 
Jefsey, and Aldcmey. The tTleiit of 
his station was from Ha%Te de Grace to 
Bus Isk-l, a Space of dangerous navigation, 
and a charge of tbegrcateet anxiety, He 
dtHchsrged this duty with the marked 
Hpprobation of the Admiralt)', until the 
Treaty of Amiens; upon which tlie 
Clyde Wis paid off at tlie Great Nore, 
June 24, leW. 

On the recommencement of hoHtilities, 
our officer uiu couimistiiuned to the Prin- 
cess of Ofange, of 71 gunii, and appointed 
to commaud iu the Texel. Being re* 
lieved by Sir Sidney Smith, be was 
removed, for a particular duty, to the 
Leopard a fourth-rate ship, and this waa 
the termination of his career atloat; for, 
in Sept ls03, on the Hon. John Rodney 
bciuK removed from the Vict'ialling Board 
tou liit'jutive poHtut ( Vylc)n.his vacantseat 
WHii without any M)Uritation offered to Capt. 
Cunningham br Eari St. Vincent, who 



I 



I 



ij 



106 



Obituahv. — John Fuller, Stq. 



[July. 



liad bad good opportuoitiei of ob»emng 

his merits. In IpOC be became Resident 

ComniisHonor of Ueptfordand \VooI«ich 

Dorkjird^ : and h<> £lk>d that arduous 

Bituation for u pi^riod of nearly «cvoiUt--cii 

jears, with a itpirit and oelivity wbit-ti 

were nuintfesc in all ttiv vnrioij« di'fiiirt> 

mentf under bis direcfiun. In I8£i, on 

■ tbe reduction of ibow eKlabU^iliniemii, 

I the Commissioner «ii9 removed to Chat- 

[ ham Viird ; from the •'iiperiritendenfe of 

which he retin-d on (he 4th of Mav Iftift 

I with the raiik of Rear- Admiral, bnving 

then nlmost inresBantI? »eri-ed the puhlie 

' for htt)'-four year». lie vnut trt-ated with 

I the greur»t consideration' by the uiitho- 

I ifuca; and on the '24th ()<■(. I83if, hiii 

ftlajf-stv <-oiirern>d uptin hiiii ilie h«iUMir 

of knij^nthuod, with the inAigria of Com- 

. naiider of the JUnovenun order. Tbe 

I low of bis (wn (Cliarte»-Proby, a pro- 

[ BDUine youth who died while serving ax a 

t jMri), was a severe blow to bit connec- 
I lion with the Niivr, and he latterly re- 
, lided with his dauKUter in retirement. 

Adin. (.'iimiintfham was a spare welE' 
[ built man, with Imrd but ^oud ftmlurvsj 
I of an artire disposition, firm priiH'iple«, 
■nd correct conduct. In eociety his con- 
venation wan various and animated ; hia 
boepitalitr and kindnesa were reuoBrk- 
•ble, and hi« sttaehmcnta warm and 
faithful. He na^ tnice married ; first to 
B4is» Boycott, who like himntilt^ wak a 
Dative of Kye ; and secondly to a daugb- 
brr of Coinnii«iiontT Proby, one of The 
rompaniaa* of Anson. Tbia lady Hied 
■tidtfenly nt Cbutbam, in tbe same room 
where her father ejcdred. 

[Tbia article has Wen abridged from a 
tongec Memoir of Itear-Adm. Cunnin>:- 
bam, which upjH.-ured in the United Scr- 
rice Journal for May.] 

John KuLLEit. Eag. 

April ]l. In DevonHhire plare, aged 
77rJohn Fullrr, Kw^. of Row Hill, Su». 
aex. formerly M. P. for tliol county. 

Tbia ifenilenian irat the Mm of John 
Rrne Fuller, eati. He ftuccceded in es- 
tate bJH uncle no<« Fuller, ef(|. M P. 
for Ryo (vb. 1777) who waa the younger 
•oa of Mr. Thunuw Fullirr, the purvlinaer 
of the estate, and builder of ih<; bouiie, of 
Rmc Hill, by Klizabetb^ daugbU-rof Mr. 
R»t, of Jamaica. 

Mr, Fuller was fir^t elected to Parlia- 
ment for SouthamptoQ tn Feb. ITH), and 
bavitt); beui recboaen al the RcnenJ elee- 
tiuij of the aoinc year, he tat lur that loun 
vtiul ibc diaaolultoa in ITbV. He served 
Cbi oOm of Sheriff of Swtex in 1797. 

In 1801, on tlic ekvodoa lu ihr peer. 
ige of the Ri. IldD. T. PeUtun (by the 



title of Earl of Cbiehe«ter}, Mr. Fuller 
became a candidate for the reprctenlation 
of (be county of Sussex, and wiu xuccefts- 
ful afiir an ariluoun contest with Col. 
^er^-iHoti, uliieb lasted sixteen days, and 
ca>>t him £[}.t]O0/. in addition to a sub> 
seriptiuii jinrM! for ^UIHHK. marie by Ibe 
county. He was re-chosen in imtt, 1S06^ 
and 1W)7, and mU luitil the dissolution of 
IHI^ He generally voted with Mr. Fox; 
and U said to have indiKnanily refiiiied 
the offer of a peerage from Mr. Pitt, 
deeming It a trial of hi!^ integrity It is 
related that be tbrvw the .Miitisler'K letter 
into the Rre, in the pref>ence of a large 
party of frieriilK, derlanng ■'■I wta born 
Jai-k Fidler. and .Tm-k F'liiler I niil die'" 

In tHlU, during the inquiry' on the 
Walcheren expc'lidon, Mr. Fuller got 
embroiled in an insiine contest with tlw 
supreme authority of the Hou»e of Com* 
mons. On the i^iil uf Feb. he was re- 
peatedly called (o order ; but on the 27th 
no eppeal from the Speaker or retnon- 
straneeti from his friends, could restrain 
him within the hounds of propriety. 
The Ho«s*e was in conseqneni-e rpsnined 
from the Cnrnmittep into whirh it luid 
resolved itself, and Mr. Fuller was 
Immediately voted into the cusitody of 
the Sergeant at Arms; when be vio. 
lently rushed iuto the House, vehemently 
atkserting that the Speaker, whom he 
dc»iguated ui " the little insignlHcant 
fellow in the wig," was tbe servant of ibe 
House, and had no autboritr over the 
MemWrs, who had ruiivertru him Into 
tbHr Master. He una at length nuried 
off the Aeld by the united efforts of four 
of the messengers of the House. lie 
remDined two days in custody ; and was 
then (li!it.-Lar>;ed nitb n very severe repri- 
iiuind from the Speaker, who threatened 
btm with summary expulsion on a repe- 
tition of bis offence. After this memo- 
rable Kcene, he wan not returned to ano- 
ther Parliamenl. 

Mr. Fuller wan dIstingiiiRhed through 
life by much eccentririty; but it was 
mingled with a kind heiu-t, that displayed 
itseU in deeds of princely munificence. 
The fu«-ourite object of bis liberality n'as 
the Royul Institution, where be first 
founded a Profesaorship of Electricity, 
in tbe year IS:^.., anti subsequently, a 
few wevks before hi« death, a Profeitrar- 
*hip of Ci>mi«n»tive Anatomy and Pby. 
siolngy. He also gave the Institution at 
the same time the sum of 3lOii/. to accu- 
mulate in tbe funds ; making (he sura 
tout of bis lii-nffactio;is amount lo 
lU.OOO/. On tbe nth of March lost tbe 
raembent were %pcvi«lly convened lo 
thank bim ; and it was resolved that • 
subscription shoald be made for a Buac 



IS34.] OBtruAiiY.—ColT.B.B.Barrett.~Thos.Editardi,Esq. 107 

of tbetr munificent Patron, to b« placed 
ins pniminetit situation in thU IiiACituUon. 

Mr. Fuller erected ui olmcrvntory at 
hia l)OU«i: o( Rose Uill. Abuut twenty 
yean ago it wm rxpecttMl tbitt hf. wotild 
prumote tli« publication of a history of tbe 
three Eautiini mpei) of Siuwei: ; forwbich 
it u*a.4 KU|)pn«(^ that the Inrgr rnlleriions 
of ibe Rev Mr. Haytej-, which wtre in 
his possession, nould funush very exten- 
■ive matertatn. 

Mr. FiiUlt lias died citruoacly rieb. 
Tbe bulk (if hii fortune, coiiMtsting of 
estates in Suurx and in the ialanil of 
Jarnaim, are It^ft to Augustus Elliot 
Fuller, esq. brother to Capt. Fuller, 
R.N. and i ne]>hew of the neceascd, as 
olao nt Lord Heathtii'Id. The estiites in 
London are left to Sir Peregrine Palmer 
Adtnd, fiuTL another iiepbcw. He hu. 
alto left very Jiiimeixius legnries. IIi» 
remains were taken tu the rainlly vault at 
Briflhtling in Simp's for iiilcrment, at- 
tended uul of London by twenty -four prt- 
nte carriages. 



T. B- Baydges Babhett, Eso. 

Jhik 1. On tlie Frencli coast, near 
Boulo^e, after a (ew dayv illnesi^ af;t'd 
nemrly iA, Thomas Barrett Brydgps Iwr- 
relt, Eo'j. of Lee Priory, near Canter- 
bury, late Captain and Lieut.- Colonel of 
H. M. regiment of Grenadier GuhtiIm. 

He was bam June 21). 17S0, the eldeKt 
Bon of Sir Samuel Egvrton BrydgeK, 
Bart, (whoasiiertathc barony of Cbondofi 
of Siideley as bis right by Che law of tbe 
landj and Elizabeth, sok daughter and 
heireis of the llrw Uejovas BjTcho, by 
Elizabeth, only iislvs uf the late Tbomas 
JJamitt, of Lee Priory, ewi. 

tir. succeeded to the eKtaten and nnnic 
of biit matenml great'tincle Thomas Bar- 
rett, esq. in Jaruarv 1803, when a minor 
at Harrow ScbooJ. His great-grand, 
father wa-s that Thomas Barrett, esq. 
(who isnoti<'odin Nichols's Illustrations, 
voL \i. p. TbH, 790. and in Uibdin's Ue- 
cameron, who has given bit poitnut), a 
gnaH collector and virtuoso; and who 
was gnuidson of Sir Paul Barrett, Ser- 
jeant at Law, and Recorder of Cantpr> 
bury, Kic. &c. Col. Barrett was also 
gre«l-gteat.great-grL'at.pran.ison of the 
eelebniled pitv^ician Sir Ueorge Knt. 
the pupil aiia biographer of William 
Man-ey. 

He entered tbe army as an EuBtgn in 
the grenadier guards in 1807. Duringbis 
twenty vean 5crviee, he was engagci) in 
some of tlic teverest dangers and hard- 
ships of the Peninsula War, and wa.i 
distin^uisbcrl as a soldier for bis bravery, 
hia slcdl. his endnrmncc of all nrii'ationt 
and all fsligucs. He «ves in the retreat 



with Mcwre, which ended in the battle of 
Corunna; he was at Wulcberen; he nns 
It tbe siege of Bayonne, and ^'arioua 
other entitlement*. He lovtd his profca- 
8iun,Bnd understood ilseit-ntilicully. He 
was, by tbe universal admission of all who 
knew aim, one of the most benevolent, 
amiable, and drtunus of human nbarartera. 
I lis prubily, bis self-dentid, his jn^nerosity, 
bis utter disregiu'd of aU worldly vanity 
and show: his resolute avoidiuice of lul 
sullish luxuries^ bis ilcvulcd ulTectiuu fur 
bin fuinilyi Ins lundtKM to every human 
being ; were, bv general admiaidon, such 
aa hiM uo \Mni\vX. He bod greut talent«t 
and WHS aji excellent riasNical scholar. 
He wiis burii'd at Boulogne, on Tuesday 
June 'JA. 

The Barrett estate, being strictly en- 
tailed, goes to his next brotlLL-r. John 
William Egerton Brydgeir, formerly a 
LieutL-nuitt in the 1-kh dnigoonK, witb 
which be served in the FeninMuIa, where 
in 1812, at the b<ittle of Fuentes d'Ho- 
nor, be reccivedarw^d^jofeWfroro which 
bis health has never recovered ; though he 
rejoined his regiment, and was taken pri- 
soner nt New Orleans; but on bis return 
wi» so ill as to be put on haU'-iwy Le« 
Priory will now therefore be to leL 

TnOMAS KlIWAUDS, EtKJ. 

A/ai/ 36. At Suutbport, Thomas Ed- 
wards, Ehii formerly a considerable book- 
seller at Halifax, in Yorkshire. 

He was the youngest ton of Mr. Wil- 
liam Edwordis a character of very great 
eminence in tnc same profcsiiion, and of 
no common estimation for the energies of 
bis mind. His hkill iu collix'ting rare 
books, not ]esn than bin exijui^ile taf'te in 
rich and expensive bindingri, will long be 
remembered i n the annals of Bibliography. ^ 
He died Jan. 10, IHOO, aged m. He | 
brought up four sons to his own buaineaa ; 
most of whom eventiuJly retired from 
trade to enjoy the comforts of well- 
earned fortunes. In 17M Mr. Edwards, 
sen, when (U >'ears of age, i»et up bis 
eldest son James witli a yinmger brother ^ 
John, in bwtineHs in Pall Mall, under tbe H 
firm uf Kd>\'ards and Sons. Mr. John 
Edwards died in early life, and tbe 
business wmt conducted for some yean ^ 
by Mr. Jomefl Edwards M-ith great repu- ■ 
taiion. By success in trade, and parti- V 
euUrlv by the purchase of several wbola 
litiranes in Italy, and selling them by auc- 
tion, I'union^I others Uie fHr-faraed ■ 
Pinelli Ijibrary),inabout8D years, Mr. J. H 
Ed%viirds acquired a considerable fortune, ^ 
and, retinng from trade, was succeeded by 
Mr. R- l\. Evans, the celebrated book 
auctioneer. Mr. James Edwards dind 
Jan. ^, 1816, at his seat at Harrow on 



J 



108 



Obituajit. 



[July, 



tbe Hill, to the great regret of liiit uumc- 
rou8 friends. A trcmoirof faimapprarrd 
in Dur MAfimdnr for Fehniuy 1616. 
He bad prcriouOjr (Ii»po«rd of bis \m\u- 
kble Lihrary : ui nfcount of wbirb ik In 
oar volnmi: for 1816, |>art I. pp. 136, 2^ 
319. Among the niriti» in it, wu tbe 
cclebmiiKl Bfdfurd MJ«sal. 

Mr. Richard Edwurdi, another brother, 
Wtts wmetimu u bookseller in Bond 
Sirecl ; but retiring from Tradr, obtained 
an appointment under Oovirnmienl in 
Minorca. 

The Ule Mr. F. Kdwards, after biji 
&tl)er'a deatb in 1808. ronrinued M u 
bookaaOer at Halifax with high reputa- 
tion, for nanjr yean, but be lately rvtircd 
from business to Soiubport. He has loft 
a widow and family to litmcnt the loan of 
B mOHt wonhy man. Ife waa buried on 
tbc 2d of June at Trinity Church, Uali- 



m Aaw been duappointed of rtetivmg 
mAmMc fiMmodrf of the iaie Fr^Hcii 
2>emee, Etq. mmd 'J%omat Slathord, £^. 
ft..1. im time /or our fr u e ut ymmbfr ; 
imd from the preuurt vf other matter, art 
vtkeTjeiie U arrear tm tMtiefnrl m emlt irJticft 
•rr hope to rtfair ty iaiioa^itg a larf^r 
ipacetoomr Ohitaarg ta the Magaxutejvr 
^mgMtt. 

DEATHS. 
London and m VtcrNm. 

Jam, 0. Id Curton-<t. a^ed SS, Charles 
Twialeton AUtoii, esq. ofCoqiu* Christi 
coU. Camb^ lonof Sir Charlc* AUtyn. 

.Iprii 1. A«:ed -il, Edward Hcnn-, 2nd 
•on of the FUv. Charles Uakur, Kector 
of Telliftford, Somerset. 

/ipril 4. At Putney, ued tA, H'm. 
Jonea, Kh]., Maisbal of tlie King's 
Bancb. 

j4prii 6. At the boute of ber uDclc 
Capt Fane, R. N.. Green Park-pl. aged 
10, Charlonc-Annr, eldest dau. of CoL 
Hamilton. 

^pril 10. Ib Gnwmior*ai). at the 
houtc of Sir Wm. Aleiander, a^ed 3d, 
Kieut.>Col. the Hon. Seymour Tboniafr 
Batbur«t, 3d ion of Earl Batbarac. He 
acrved at tb« battle of Waterloo^ and wm 
lately Treasurer to the GuvemiDeni at 
Alalia. He married tn 18if9 Miaa Julia 
Hank«y, by whom be baa left a aoo bom 
IniHSir. 

^pfU 11. At Brentford, tbc wife of 
Oacm Cooper, eM|. •ur^eoti, dau. of the 
late l>r. Nicliolaa. of Ealing^ and of 
Br]rBdcTTT,oo. Monm. 

Aprii w. At the rvaidence of bia 
limUkar.uMaw Mr. Poulum, in <;ad<;giu». 




pl., wrcd 3^ Mr. Frederick Read, R.N., 
and K. T. S. 

.Iprilii. ThomasMyent, Ewi. LL.D. 
of ine Royal Military AoMlt-iny, Wool* 
n'ich, and of Lee-terrace, Blackheath. 
He wail tbe author of a Compendious ^M 
System of Modern Geography, I81S; A ^M 
Stntislica! Chan of Europe. 1813; Ea- 
uiy on impro\itig the condition of tbc 
Poor, lUli. 

Afoff^ In Regent-st, Louiaa, widow 
of George Little, esq., of Pencreig-conrt, 
Heref., youngest dau. of ibe lau Wm. 
Hornby, esq. of Portman-sq. and tbc 
Hook, Hantn. 

if/<r» 1.^ Aged 2 years and a holC tbe 
Rl. Hon. William l.'Ord Cavendish, eldeat 
ran of ttie Earl of Burlington. 

Afat/ IR. In Hans-pl. aged 47, Heivy 
Rotleiton, psq. a Senior C\ak at tM ^M 
Foreign Uflice. ^H 

A/oy 17. At the re*ideni-e of her 
fatbt-r, Kdwurd Robson, c»i., Klixa. wife 
of the Rev. J. W. Daltry, Vicar of M*. 
dcley, SlniTordiibire. 

Aged 44, Eliza, widow of Major- 
Geneml Lemuel Warren, who died on 
the Vltb of October latt, (ace hii meinoir 
in our vol. I. p. 226). 

Majf 18. OeoTse Hcald, esq. of L'pper 
Hsrlrv-El. oncof His Majesty"!! C-ounaeJ, 
and a "Bencher of (JmyV-inn ; for several 
y^MTs an eminent roura»eI at the Chancery 

At South Lambetb, tlic widow of Luke 
HtuiMrd, of Great Turnstile, Lincoln'*. 
inn Brld)!, vu^. 

In Hnjiuver-M)., aged G5, Robert Wal- 
nole. f*f|. 2nd wn of the Hon. Richard 
Walpole (hrolher to HoiBtio the lit Earl 
of Orford, of the creation of 1806.) S 

I>rowned in tfav river Thames, from ^M 
a boat, uged 19, tbc 2d son of Sir John 
Pringle, Bart, a Cadet of the Royal Mili- 
tary College, Woolviicb. 

At Stamrord-hill, Elizabeth, wife of 
John Treacher, eaq. in tbo 7Jth rear 
of ber aga^ and tbe ^tb year of tbeir 
marriage. 

.Vay 19. At Ponitupl. Anne Ange- 
lina, widow nf ThnnjOT Wilson HetMr- 
ington. esq. of WnUhamiilow. 

Afaf/ 31. At Wtiluunli. aged 81, Mr. 
John Clarke, formerly ul' Banbury, wbera 
be w\ti tbe founder of the first Sunday 
School, and tbe Old Charitable Sorietv. 

iMtly. Of roiisumnlion, Mr. Jolm 
Ducrow, clown of AKtley"* ibeotre, and 
brother of Mr. I^ucrow, the celebrated 
equMtrian. His Iwilv wa» conveyed In 
Ike Inrrial around of old Lambctb dliurcb 
in a plumed haane, drawn by four borMS 
and precedad Iqr hiii two favorite pwiiai. 
Six mourning roaches followed. 

In t'pper Scymour-strcct^ med 0O« 



I 
I 



I 



I 



1834?[ 



JBITVAIT. 



IfifiholH Taltt SeUfy, csq^ for more 
IbftB W yw* i^ imrtnrr in tliv firm of 
MeMT*. Wright and Cn-,bmiik(>rB. 

May 24. In New CaTemliflli-stTcat, 
Juliana, Ibf wife of Sir Cbarirs WBtson, 
Bart., of Wrutung-purk, C«aibridg<PKbtrc. 
Ebe «ni5 the wcuiid lUu. of Sir Cbules 
Coplt')-. thr firsil BuTL o( Si>ro*horoiiffh, 
in Yorlinhirc, by Mury, duuRhter of Jotiii 
Knuicii? BwIIlt', i*«i[.; imd Bister to Cft- 
tbcrine Marnbioiieiis of Ab«rcom, and 
Anne Lady Munnera. She \f*s, mar- 
ried to tsir CbarlM WatiioQ in 17(iO; and 
ha« left R soil and five daufihters. 

iVaf 26. Aged '^V, Lydia, n-ife of A. 
Weilon, MC)., of iiigbbury-parlt. 

.V«y £7. In Sackriile-st-, P«mclt 
wife of Wro. Reader, esq., of JBaugburit 

^L .UaySe. At Lambeth, aged 31, Mr. 
^H Thomat F. Clarke, late Editor of the 

^^L Mat/ 30. At Upper Nortb-plaw. 

^H.Grajr't Jnti-n«d, Allies, widow of G. 

^H Hornby, E«o. 

^V- £«tohr. Aged i. Lady CbarloUe Pou- 

' ktt, only dau. of Eart Potiktt- 

Jyne I. At tUckney, aged W, Sarab, 
widow of the Bev. S. N'eale. 

June 2. At brr house iii Cadogan-pl. 
in ber SiMh year, Mr. Mary Wud, widow 
ofibeficT. ftichard Ward, M.A.,wbow 
tecMB 1* noticed in tbe Gentlemtui's 
MttSazine, vol. Ixxxiv. ii. ^1 . Sbe wu 
daugbtcr of tbe K«r. Samuel NkoU. 
LL. D. Rector of Hi. James's, Wetc- 
ininftter, and Master of tbc Temple. 

I June 8. In PriT]' Gardctu, Catherine 
Gertrude, widow o( the Hon. Kred. 
JRobtason, unde to the EarU of Morley, 
de Grey, and Ripon. She wai the iuA 
dau. of Jiuncs Uurris, eK|. of Salisbury, 
and auuC to Ihe prtsi-nt Eitrlof Malmea- 
bury; wtu. inarned in June, 17b6 ; but 
bad no ciiildmi. 
Aged 75, John Kkbards, esq.. Secre< 
tary to the Sun Kin* UfEce, In wbicb 
Mtablisbmcnt b« bad aerved 47 jreara. 
J kite Mi. Ity a carriage going over 
lim, immediately upon lulling from hix 
bone, J. C Powell, esq. eldest aora of S. 
Powell, e*«|. of Lppt-r Harley-U., and 
BfandlcMmc-bull, uincHsLirc. 

JiMte II. InUrcttt Umiond-6t. LicuL- 
Col. Cbarlc* Stonor. 

June 16. Sarah, wife of like Rev. Dr. 
Slaatb, High >laatcr of St. Paul's 
8cbofl). 

Jtme 13. At the houM of hii mater- 
nal f^nindtatber tbe Rev. Jamea Tate. 
kin Amen-comer, ucd 8, JiDwtt leoond 
ion of the R<'v. PhuniaM Austin, of 
Haufthlun le Skenic, cu. Durbaaa, a 
•cbolar on the foundation of t^t- Paul's. 
June 17. Dron-ncd in the Scrycntiiic, 



Lieut. Sydney Part}'. He was walking 
with lieuL Bruokc, a bttxher ofllcer, along 
the we<t bank of the Serpentine-river, 
when they were vbarnmd (o sepante, tbe 
latter g^nlleuan goinfc rouiid (o tbe 
opposite Kide. Lieut. Psrry then npranr 
into the river with hi« clothes on, ana 
ftwam manfully into the middle of tbe 
stream, hut then tumtrd round, the wind 
and *>tream bcmg unfovoiinible for him to 
proceed to the opposite bank. When 
about twenty )'ardji front the bank, he 
became quite exbausted, and colled out. 
** A boat, a boat, I cannot get in." JJe 
then sank, and never rose more. Verdict, 
Accidental Ueath. 



fivcu^—May S3. Aged 65, Abrahsm 
Kirkman. esq. of Blackwell Hall, for- 
tneily of Cannon -street, London, soli- 
citor. 

Causridge. — iMielif. At the manor, 
bouse. Little SheUurd, aged 05, Stephen 
Piper, esq. late of NewniuirkeL 

CoBNWALL. — Jan. 3. At St. Ives, 
Augustus Stephens, esq. a Ueputy<lieut. 
of tile county. 

^jtrU 17. At Bossahan, near HcUton, 
in bis -Ulh year, Humphry Miilctt Grylls, 

Derby.— .l/jy 21. At Newbold, nenr 
ClieKterfieM, in her 90th year, the widow 
of James Stovin. esq. of Whilgift-ball, 
in the roiinty of Vork. 

June b. At Ashboum, aged 67, John 
Beresford, esq. 

Devon.— iVtfrcA 36. At Pl^-mouth, 
axed 80^ E. Lloyd, esq. retired Surgeon 
K.N. 

jlfril 22. At Banwmple, aged 61, 
Cape G. Kichardson, of the E. 1. Co. 'a 
Service. 

May 2i. At his residtncp, in Tivtf- 
ton, aired 90, John Oo^-ett, e«q. surjieon. 
He borl lived to see the Corpomtiyn of 
the lioroug)), to which be bad Monged for 
■ penod of sixty-five years, undergo a 
complete change in its members four 
times. 

Jnw- 6. At tbe vicarage, Sidbury, 
8ffe<l 1^ AnntsLuey. youngest diui. of the 
VLtv. Hcnr>' Fellowfs. 

JuHf U. At tbe Royal Kaval Hospi* 
tal, Plymouth, P. Mocternaii, esq. M.D. 
suffTCon R.N. 

EsiEX.-3/ay 17. Aged 74 Philip 
Simpson, e»q. of SUsted ( late of Halsled^ 
Esftex, bein^' the third of tbe family who 
huFe died uiibin six weeks. 

June 7. Aged 61, Ann, wife of J. 
King, esq. of Wickhsm ball, Ekscz. 

June 9. At Belchamp St. Paul, aged 
At) the widvw of tbe Rev. Jeremy Psoi- 
bcrton, Vicar of that parish. 



110 



UBiTVAar. 



IM^» 



Olouchtsi— yf/rtf5i At CSwltaB- 
kuD, George Msdmn, esq. 

^prii 15. At Cbeltenbun, ^ed SB, 
Wm. Hall esq. fnther of tbc Kev. John 
Hill, rector of Su Werinirgh^ Bristol 

jtprU S8. At Chehenbam, i^ 30^ 
Charlotte- Udnjr, widow of Jamct Stew- 
art, esq. formerly of the Baipl MedU 
eal Ettablisbment 

Maj/ i. At Woodcbetter-i«rk, Snu 
mour Moreton, youitKest aoo of tM 
Hon. Henry Moreton, Al.P. 

iiav 15 At the house of hia ■oo.bi- 
law Uardwick Shute. eaq. M.D. in 
Gloucester, ^ed 72, Qtotfe Qngory, 
esq. 

May 19. At aifton, aged 48, Jnbcll^ 
wife of W. J. Alexander, esq. of Cale. 
don, Ireland. 

AAyS5. At the Hotwells, Bristol, 
aged £5, Howell Williams Walten. esq. 
hanker, of Swansea. 

Mmy 27. At Clifton, ^cd 10^ Arthur 
John, onljr son of Willam BoeUer Ast- 
lejr, esq. and nephew of Sir John Astler, 
Bart. M.P. 

June 10. Aged 87, Anne-Shrapnd, 
youngest dau. of the Rev. T. T.Biddulph, 
minister of St. James's, Bristol. 

Hants.— ^/rU 83. Captain Oeotn 
Foster, son of Colonel Foster, command- 
ing the Royal Artilleiy in Portsmoodi 
garrison. 

Afty 27. Aged 71, Capt. Cbariea 
Hewitt, R.N. of Winchester. 

Afay 31. At Southampton, aged 78^ 
the relict of the Hon. Col. Hamilton. 

June 4. At Southampton, aged 86; 
Lady Bligh, relict of Kear-Adm. Bligh. 

Jumel. At Winchester, Lady Cut>- 
line Knollys, eldest sister of the late Eari 
of Banbury. 

Hereford.— yfprU 5. At Hneford, 
■ged 38, Richard Bulmer^ esq. Mayor. 

Lately. Aged 34, Thomas Pearrc, of 
Llangarren Court. 

May 89. Ann, wife of Wm. George, 
esq. of Ailstone's-hill, near Hereford. 

Herts — May 7. At Cheverells, in 
her 70th year, the Hon. Louisa Sneyd, 
widow of Walter Sneyd, esq. who died 
June iS, 1829 (see a memoir in the Gen- 
Ueman'B Magiuine for that year). She 
^ the elder sister of the present Lord 
jJsgot, and the Bishop of Oxford, and 
daughter of William the fimt Lord, by the 
Hon. Louisa St. John, eldest daughter of 
i ■ ^P* Viscount St. John, and was 
married May 9, 1786 

Ra^r'^-TZ-^P^^I- AtBeckenham.aged 

f^CL'^'i'^ °^ *^»- Gonion, and aunt 

iSr* ^S*^*"**™- She was the second 

~^tw of Sir Richard Warwick Bam- 

tH fourth baronet, hy Jane, daugh- 



ter and Unit of OoL Jote L 
ud WM mrrM Jn. 7, 1780. 

4,HI19. AtT^nbrMgikiBUilTtti 
year. PetMwPeichw^ Ml of lf«i.-0«i. 
LeMetnrier. 

LAMCAnBB^-^.ltaw& AtBtOaTUih 
LiverpooL aged 60^ Unnak, widnr of 
Jamca Watt, Esq. «f WairiiHtaa, flldMt 
daoghter of Oe late AIml Ctwhy, mb. - 
«f&n]erBank. 

LtKoouN.-Miy 91. Aflad V% Hb 
AMennan MewGoabek of SmaiM ftv 
48 years one of tke ppofirieMn of Ai 

NwoLK.— Afuf IS. At Stmton 
ReotornagedS?, C^Mnb E. C. Wpriw, 
of the 88^ ngiiMn^ yooager mm of A* 
lata Iie«t..Gaienl Spomr, of Btmaiaf 
Giangtb Yoricahire. 

NouHAMnroHunx.— AAm* SI . At 
Stamfofd Bonn, ^ed 88; AUeih widow 
of Gcone Hepbom, on. tonaadj o cm- 
tdn in the East India Sorrioo, aod dMT 
of the lata Spdnuw Swaiaa^ oi^. of JLo- 
ThwtOD, in the Isle of Ely. 

HOfcTHPMWBLailP — JliqpSL At Hlft. 

bom Vkwige, SiHonmh. aaomd aani^ 
ing daagbter of the Rev. John Tfni%M 
She was bom at High HewoctlL a*. 
Dwkn, Nov. S4, 1817. 

OxoH.— MySA. AgodSaMr.J 
Boban^of Dentoo, Mar Wbasder. 

RuTLAMS.— .rf^ M. AfadlO;: 
diael Pierrepoint, esq. of Ryhali 
Liettt-CoL CVimoiandant of tto B ' 
MiUtia. He has left SOOL to tbo i 
ter and Chntchwardeiis of BfMl, |» 
be distriboted yearly in oaaK MtMia 
Chfistows and Lady.^y; MXtL Id tho 
Stamford and Rotiand Infimanr; aadtko 
next Michaelmas half-year^ nait to dl 
his tenantry, beaides a lednedoQ of tt 
per eeaL ttnee last Ladv-day i and Hbnal 
legadca and reward* to aUbbaaraaMa. Ho 
ia snoceeded in hia celatca by Us a ap h awr 

e» of tbe late Admiral Piampont). 
enry Bennett Pierrrpoo^ of Lqwdl 
near Brixton, Devonshire. 

SHRorsBiKE.— .Am« 9. Aged 8% tbo 
widow of the Rev. Reginald tUAtSk of 
Hodnet Hall, Shropshire^ and moChar of 
the late Bishop of Calcutta. 

Somerset.— yf/rrW 10. At Blahoo'to 
Hull, Elisabeth, wife of Wm. Jenkte^ 
esq., moUier of the lady of J. M. Beswai 
esq. of Henbury. 

STAFroRD_A/ay 9. At West Broat- 
wich, Anne, wife of the Rev. JanMB 
Spry, A.M, brother to Dr. Sprj of 
Bath. 

Warwick — Feb. 25. At Leandngtoob 
Samuel Stephens, esq. of Tregenno Gi^ 
tie, Cornwall, and Baker-street, London. 
He was the seoood ton of Sanmd 8Ca* 






1834.] 



Bill of Mortality.— Markets.— Price of Shares. 



Ill 



pbens, CM), of St. Ives, M.P. for that 
iMroiigh in 1751-4 { was himself returned 
to Pvliament for St. Ives in 1806 and 
1807. and sat imtU 1812. He married 
the dau. of Oqit. Wallis the drcumna- 
vigator. 

WoBCRSTEBBHUiE. — May 26. At Eve- 
■bam, in hi»62d year, Joui Thorp, esq. 
formerly of liondon. 

Yoac— 4prU 6. At Yoric, Major 
H. Ellis, late 93d higblanders. 

Mau 25. At Beverley, in her 83d 
year, Mary, wife of Wm. Harling, esq., 
after a union of fifty-seven years and 
seven months. 

WiL\.Ma. -April 86. At Wyesam, 
near Monmouth, aged 77, George Han- 



buiy Williams, esq. a retired Captain and 
brevet Major in the Army. 

j^pril 29. At Troedyraur, co. Cardi- 
gan, aged 66, Frances, wife of the Rev. 
Thomas Bowen, M.A. 

Scotland.— .^;rri/ 3. AtEdinbargb, 
aged nearly 80, lH>rd Craigie, one of the 
senators of the Collie of Justice. 

Ireland. — JIfarcA 21. At Dublin, 
aged 26, Lieut R. Oogblan, 83d regt. 
son of Lieut.-Gen. Coghlan. He shot 
himself through the head with a pistol; 
verdict, " Temporary Insanity." 

Jkbs£Y. — AprU2l. At Jersey, aged 
24i, Phillis, wite of Lieut. Wm. Mansell, 
R.N. only dau. of Joseph Horsford, eaq. 
of Weymoutb. 



BILL OF MORTALITY, May 


21 to June 24, 1834. 




Christened. Buried. . 


- 2 and 5 196 


50 and 


60 160 


Males 1383 ™», Males 1030 >™„ c | 
Females 1396 ■*™* Females 1023?***^ SJ 


L 5 and 10 1 18 


60 and 


70 191 


> iO and 20 78 


70 and 


80 151 


11 


t 20 and 30 139 


80 and 


90 65 


Whereof have died stillborn and under g^ i 


'30 and 40 172 


90 and 


100 6 




-40 and 50 193 











AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, by which the Duty is regulated to June 25^ 



Wheat 
i. d. 
47 6 



Barley. 
$. d. 
28 5 



Oats. I Rye. 

*. d,\ I. d. 

21 11 33 I 



Beans. I Peas. 
t. d. ». d, 

34 9 37 3 



PRICE OF HOPS, per cwt June 23, 



Famhara (seconds) OL Oi. to OL 0«. 

Kent Pockets 6/. Of. to 61. 10$. 

Sussex 5L 10*. to 81. 0*. 

Essex 51. 10$. to 9/. 18«. 



KentB^ M. 10*. to 71. Is. 

Sussex 0/. Of. to 0/. 0$. 

Essex 0/. Of. to 0/. Of. 

Fanham (fine) 6t. lOt. to 12/. I2f. 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, June 24. 

Smlthfield, Hay, 31. lOf. to M. 4f.— Straw, 1/. l2f.to 1/. 16f.^CIoverj U. lOr. to 5/. 10». 

SMITHFIELD, June 23. To sink the Offal— per stone of 81ba. 



Beef. 2f. 

Motton 2f. 

VeiU 2f. 

Poric 3f. 



Od. to 3f . Qd. Lamb 3f. lOd. to 5f.0d. 

Od. to 3f. lOd. Head of Cattle at Market, June 23: 

4<f. to 4f. Od. Beasts 2,087 Crfilves 250 

4d. to 3f. 6d. Sheep & Lambs 26,270 Pigs 300 

COAL MARKET, June 23. 

Walls Ends, from 18f. 6d.to 19f.9d. per ton. Other sorts from 16f.0d.to 18f^ 6dL 

TALLOW, per cwt.— Town Tallow, 44«. Qd. Yellow Russia, 44i; Od. 

SOAP.— Yellow, 62f. Mottled, 70f. Curd, 72*. 

CANDLES, 7f. per doz. Moulds, St. 6d. 



PRICES OF SHARES. 
At the Office of tt^OLFE, Bbothebs, Stock and Share Brokers, 

23, Change Alley, Comhill. 

Birmituham Canal, 233.— — Eltesmere and Chester, 85. Grand Junction, 

25s. Rennet and Avon, 25). Leeds and Liverpool, 510. Regent's, 17. 

Rochdale, 120. London Dock Swck, 55. St Katharine's, 66. West 

India, 99. Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 800. Grand Junction Water 

Works, 59^. West Middlesex, 80. Globe Insurance, 152. Guardian, 33. 

Hope,6i. Chartered Gas Light. 52i. Imperial Gas, 50. Phcenix Oa^ 

41|, Independent Gas, 46. ^United General, 46. Canada Land Com- 
pany, 50|.— -Reversionary Interest, 130. 

For Prices of »U other Shares Inquirt u ftbore. 



METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, bt W.CARY. Stbamd. 

From AAy 86^ <e Jwmt %&, 18M, M» iMhtta. 



Fahrenbeit'B Therm. 



is 






May 

S6 

27 

88 

89 

30 

31 

J.I. 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 






62 45 
67 I 49 



49 

M 
51 

M 
63 
57 
57 
63 I 50 
65 I 54 
65 53 
71 58 
75 57 
67 I 54 



in. pti. 

30^30 
,88 
,18 
.10 
.10 
.80 
,88 
,18 

89,80 
70 

30,04 
,06 

89,81 
,70 
.60 



Wdther. 



; fine 

;do. 

|liir,dond]r 
da do. 

iRne 
I do. 

da do. 

da 
da 

do.&ir 
do. da 
do. da 
ldo.mia 



Fiknabait'i Them. 



^1 



Jo. 

n 

IS 
13 

u 

15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
90 
81 
88 

ts 

M 




WctttbM. 



in. pt& 

89, 68 eUf. nin 

, 78 ^r, da 

, 76 'dondr* do. 

.87<dado.tUr. 

,85Jdo. 

.61 da 

, 74 Ida nm 

,99:do. 
aa05>daMr 

,06 Ida 
89k 84 fur, nla 

, 90 jeloudf 



9(K» 



Cur 



,86 da 



.30 



dado^ 



DAILY PRICE OP STOCKS, 

From AAy 88k *o Jmm 88, 183i M* trntbuht. 




6 
55" 



^1 

< 



lOOJ 



esilioiH 

991 lOOj i 
»91,lfl0i |l 99j 

&»4|I004 #;^ 

9»»100i { 
994 lOOi j 



I0UJ99 



99i 
1»( 



5-s -D 2 



*5 






It E& SOta 



floods' 



L03|' 



7 
10lSi7 

Ii;8i7 ".» 

14 9li 

16«T7 |9i4 

17— l^ll 
1^—91} 
19;2tGjJr|^ 
80VlGj9t| 

S3; — sii 

84 *9Ii i 

85Stef9l| 1 

868l5jl9li90i 



994 



99i 
99i 













96| 




f IMl' 



96i 
9^4 
9&4 

984 



I , 



9H| 

OM Soutli Bea 
J. J. AHNULL, 



96 

mi 



99j 



991 

d9t 



I7i! ^pra. 

17t '3i:>2H (•■■]. 

175 ,»*.*lpin. 

171^074 «8pm. 
17i^C74^.10*=?^pni. I03i 
ITi^^j, 3(1 pni. 

ITiaiOM l:k<iiHpmJ 

\ii\ sftiaupoi. 



i7i- 



^pGd. 
302«pin. 



ih^JOpm. 
.SSSfipoi. 
,2688 pm. 



174!- 3830 pm 

itE, — 

171 
17i 
174 

171 ^■^pm. 

J7i' filWpm. 

Slpm. 

■ 3430 pro. 



I7i 
17i 

in 

I7t 



17* 



siespoa. 



49 50 pnu. 

49 M piD. 

50 51 pro. 
50 51 pm. 
50 51 pm. 
50 ol ptn. 

50 fil p<n. 
5i j^apm. 

51 ^Bm. 

51 aafw. 

51 53 pm. 

jsi aepn. 

53 pm. 
5:1 64pai. 
53 SSpm. 
58 53 pm. 
58 53pRk 
58 511 pm* 
^ 51 pm. 
51 d^pm. 
58 50 pm. 
4A 5UpiD. 
49 48 pm. 
in A^ pid. 
M 50 pm. 



Annuitipi, Mty, 87, ^.— June 16, a9|. 
Stock Broker, Ij Bank Buildinf^ Conifallli 

\atf- fucHAKtiflON, '(tocdli.'vk, and ARHt'U-. 



J. B. NICHOLS AND tON, 35, FAELIAMENT STRIVT. 



■'.',*' 




HALX. orZJlMBETB PAI*ACK. 




THB 



gentlMian's magazine^ 

AUGUST 1834. 



BYjStLVANUS URBAN, Gri*t, 



CONTENTS. p«. 

M tNOm CofcaKSPOKDKNci. — ^Tbe Scrape aad Grocveoor Roll. — Notices of the 

Rev. Dr. HUdrup.— M«iiiin(: of " Privy Tithtii" ? lU 

Mr. BxcicroRD'H Italv, wiUi .Skttti'lu-ji of Spain and Purtugal 113 

Hawkish on Fnsnil Fi«ti, IrthruMUri, and I'leaiunauri 131 

TuK HiflTOBr or Wikkk, by Cjras Reddini; < 1!M 

Rkcoilu CoMMisMiON, Nu. II 1.— PalxrBvc'B PturliaineDtarT WritS. ISS 

Anglo-Saxon SchoUre. — .\iicieiit T«pe»ti7, temp. Henry VllI •. ■.. 140 

Bnutolini'n Statoca of ProlMUnt Refnnnm ^.. t....^ 141 

And<)uity of Churches in Rni^Uad. — DrncontU itnil Ser)ient Worship.. 149 

DefoDCfi of IMiiho|i Lowth from the MjiTKionH nf the Rut, Peter Hall 14J 

Natcbai, History.— Frof; fouod in a Solid Rock, U&. — Migration of Swal- 
lows, 1-tC.— Extinct Animals of Irvland 147 

Memorialh or Literary Cuaractkrs, No. lit. 

BirtUplan: of tllE> Poet Cowpcr •... ••* 150 

Anecdote of thu Port CrabW tf. 

AdTfrtifleneat of liarry tht; Paintvr 'A* 

Civic AnecdotM of Csiua Oabriet Cihber ...■• 151 

Autograph MS. of Shrridan'n School for Scandil ••..>> tit 

NfW Library at Lamhetli Palace (irith a fiatej «...••••*• Al 

Practical lllustratinns of the Philosophy of Drcami IM' 

Soair Account of Thomas Lodge llm Druaiutlat 1S7 

^VilliaIu CaxtoD the GngUsh Conxul at Hrugcs 158 

' Ascicnt Stone Coaduit at Northampton it. 

Poetry. — Rccordatio Rivnnun, bjr the Rev. J. Mitford 159 

Southwick Church, Brighton (tPith a Ptatt} , IGO 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

ManteD'fi Geolog/ of the S. E. of England, 161.— Mi«s Edgoworth'a Hel«n, 
Iti4.— StchhiD^'a Hist-jry of the Christian Church. 16(*.— MiindpU's Philo- 
Sophy of Legislatiim, I*i9. — Forbcs's Jawibite Rflic«, ITI-^-CUrke'ii Talee 
b , fVoin Ch»iicer,l73.—Spicfr'8 Poems, 174. — Maibonae's Destinies of Man. 
1^^ 174i- — Smlrkc's Archit/Ttural ImproTcments, 177 ■ — BiiliDti:ton's ArcIUtectural 
^^B Dir«'«tor, I9l>. — Bubblcji from the Druootaii of Nassau. Idl.^Proftiuur Lee 
^^B on the Chriatisn Sabbath, Hi.^JackMon'a Memoirv of the Rev. R. Wataoo, 
^H 183.— Life of Samuel Drew, 184.— Miacdlaaeouj Re%iew« 185— 1!>0 

^^FINE ARTS.— Lough's Sculptures.— Hollins's Sculptnre— Conej's Vitwa ISO 

^/ UTP,RARY .\ND SCIBNTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

1^^ New Publication)!, IW. — Learned Societies, new Invention!, Ate 191 

^VhISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— ProceeOingB in FariUmcDt, IDb'.— Poreisn 
^H News, ^2.— J>oiaea«ie Oocorreoces, 1^04.— Promotions— Urtlia, £D7.— Mar* 
^^ liagcs VOfl 

OBITUARY; with Mcmoim of General KdoUts; Adm. Tlmrnboroush, 209.— 
Rear-Adm. HurJyoian ; Rcar-AdRi. Brooking, L'll. — M^jor-Geo. Sir W. 
Dottglas; Ll.-Col. FulUrtc»n; F. Douce, esq., F.S.A. 212.— Ber. W. Milli 217 

Clrbgt Decbased 213 

Dkaths. arranged in Coanties 220 

BiU of Mortality— Markets— Prioea of Shares, 2«3— Meteorological Disrjr- Stocks 8S4 

Embfillistuul with Views of the New Library of LAWBHrn FaIiACB i 
sad SooTuwicK CavKCH, ucar BaiOHtox. 



I 

I 
I 



MINOR COHRESPONDENXE. 



Wf bave ivecivetl more ttuu one io- 
qoiryrespecUoi; tbfl nnn -progress of tlie 

" SCROPB ANP GbmSVIVOB RoLI,/' 

We DOW iDi^i-rt thf rvmiirki of *' A. Sub- 
Bcriber," wliirli wt; tnisl will elicit tonit- 
Mtisfactory rc^ily :— Mr. UftfiA.^, A Sub- 
scription, aa yna ma^ RimcmbiC'r. wu 
entered into hj a bodj at Ukdividiuis 
some years hi^ii, for tlie j)urpo*« of print- 
ing the cele1>r»teil S^^rop? And GrofTcacir 
Roll. The Su^ftcnbrTs bac« |taid Uieir 
money (five puinew*!, andhawe, long witkfv^ 
received twu vurf b&ndjomi} irultim«», 
containing mach curio lu mnttvr, ud 
which, they ire rtaJy lo admit, are wurtli 
in the markft doable the ium xabsmbcd 
tor the whole wt^rk. But, wh^tbcr thi« a 
the case or aat, tbe $ubKrib«r4 tmgKt 
to be lnfomk«d tr/ttn (or ic ui«y be n'A*- 
tker), the la.'^t Ttiliune^thc It^i ^itartCE uf 
npnnnri of flesb mL-ntiunetl ta Uirirboad — 
is to be forthcoming. Patience piulied be. 
yond a certain ^Hiint ii a vice ratber ihan 
■ rirtue. Pennit me therefore to inqeire 
where the hitrh ts ' — "tat §crcw U lowo*? 
— If oar workmen ]iat< ■trncW, l*'t ub fijid 
others. If mir funds bre e<tiiau«t«dt let 
OS replenish tliem; but at any rate let ui 
JnoiD what ^\ns Wea — is — and is Ut ix^- 
done, as tho pntit^Dce of the Sutrarribera 
is nearly exhuusfcd." 

In reply ti> J. P.. July number, papr i, 
Haqnob XV'hdtkgr.ave ctitamunii^tes 
the foUowinii; informntion rrap^ctiiiig the 
Rev. Dr. John Hildrop: '^The first notice 
that I have is tbc pr^«ita(iua Df John 
Hildrop, getiE,, Hth Sept. , 1703, by 
Thomas, Earl cif Ailftsbarr, to the Mu- 
tership of the Royal Vne Grammar 
School at Marlborough, TStant by tbe 
death of John Wntton, ^ent. Mr. Wil- 
liam Stone was appointed to the »aiJ 
Mastership, 4th liee, l?:ii, by Charles, 
Lord Bruce, on tbe reni^^nation of Mr, 
John Hildrop, Mr, Hildrop held the 
Rectory of Maulden, co, Deds, kit retig- 
OBtion of whit^h is dated ?.M March 17.') j. 
The instituiiuo of John Hildrop, A.M., 
to the Rectory of Wolb, near Ripon, on 
the presentation of Charlcit L>ord Bruce, 
took place I'tth April, 1734 ; and he was 
succeeded there, on hia death in I7.^t), by 
Cuthbert AUau^oa, A.B, Dr. Hildrop 
was the auth^ir of the foUowiDg publica- 
tions : I. An Cisay for tbe blotter llri^u- 
lation and Improristnent ciF Friic Think- 
ing. In B Lttttr tQ D Frieixd ; Ij^i^. 2. 
The Contempt of the Clergy CQiuidcrerd. 
In a Letter to a Friood ; 1719. 3. An 
'■•T on Honour, 1741. 4. A Coin- 

ty on tb^ Second Pialoi, 1T4S. 5. 

iiionghts upon ihi? Brutfi Crcntion, 
Efammatiuu vi Fdihcir Bouj^oDt'i 



E%i][»opy»l Annuemenl, &c. In Tva 
Usttera to • Lidr. I74«. G, A L«tirr la 
a Mmilx^ of Parliajnent. «mtaim&^ m 
TiopoMl for briftgiog en a Bill io reviae, 
AnMrDd. CT repeal certain obsolftt Slatatea, 
curomunly called th«Tcn Clninmandinent^i, 
ilA^ i which in a abort luu« ran tbmugh 
ail editiotu. Tim ttgi*Wrs df tbe l**ftah 
cf ^1, Mary. MarDwrough, rurni»b tb« 
AtXti of Mr. Uildrcjp'a ikildren; but the 
book» are ^rrf dcfedire at that period, 
and may D<it contain all hi* issue ; at laut 
the KalhcHnc li«|itt£ni) MSi, and tbe 
KAtheriiie bnrinl IT-^Si ag«>d thirty .^onc, 
nmUd aot have been the Mine pcrKia, 
imlrH an error may haTF crept tBW one 
or uthrr of tbe mcmorinla : — 

" a'-»Hcrn. dau£hlcr of Mr, Jolin Hil- 
d itiji-d July 11. 177?" 

iam, BOD of Mr. John Hildrsp, 
bif Jan. '21, IT«." 

*' . tc« SnaannJi. datlgbf^r of ACr. 
John idro]). b*pti*L>ilJnly ifTt 1746/* 

On « ituue in the chancel of Watb 
churrb ii OM inscription lu Chc memory 
of Kuthrrinic, wife uf Mr. Francis Uaam 
of York, apotbei-Ary, aud dauglitcr of the; 
Kev, Dr. Jolin llililro(i, Utclor of Willt, 
who d>i^ Irith Jiui, l^-'j'}, a^ed'il' There 
is no caciBonal to Dr. Hildrop. 

VicAKifif makeiU^e following mi|tur|' : 
Id the Valor Ec^lt-siajtiriui uf $<> Hen. 8. 
u j<Huted by order of ibi: lung m 1817* 
my riicarage in returned tbuE : " Magr. 
A.B. Virariu:! t^jmidem C'cc'lic h.'el io 'de- 
cimja p'dial'ibns. *u, gflrbom* ot fori) ft 
uniiH raoUndinit 1^carie6ut: p'dJrt'tw'ih^ui 
aniQia }>'ttEieb'' 1(U. 44. H4," "■ Tn tibni 
$U0 COrnpat' PoichMV firinttarHm ittrit»a- 
rnm co' ibiu annis, iltr.*" ** In rrinnribvs 
decimif, vii. porcom', anFwru', ciinapa*. 
lini, dfrF^rtnit^lIia, ac aljoruin rnniinuliv.' 
co'lbiid aanii, .tt**.' I ab^iuld be nod) 
oblii(;vd to anyof yourrtaderit Lftheyconld 
inform me vital these " I'riry Tithes" 
were, and what 1 aoi to undcnCand by the 
expression. My ]>ari!ihii>nerf ymj mc imal! 
saniH for Privy Tithrs, oa they call them, 
but neither they nor I ^trofcKa Co know 
what they ire. I lun inclined to think thai 
" Privy Tithes" la only BD'i>tht^ran>ilR loi^l 
cipresBLon fur VioariuJ Tithes ; but 1 iTBiit 
confinnatiDn on this point. No law-book 
tbnl I am nu),uiUDited with mvatiuna them. 
Hrnce it appears tu be only a local cx- 
pn-Mxii^mr of limited extent. As fnr aa my 
knowledge goes, I can only tind it niadlc 
use of o(:caakin«l]y tn ihccoepties ojT Wor- 
cester and (ikmce*«cr. 

Jp page }tii of Our (.tre^^nt oaoiiber. 
line 33, jftf UvPS read lines ; line Jy. A*" 
pvwer read ^loedi. 



I 




GENTLEMANS MAGAZINE, 



ITALY, WITH SKETCHES OF SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. 
Bt the Adthok or Vathbk. S toIb. Bentlfg, 

' MoRR Ihan lialf a century* has clupsed (a Imlf century that Itas cd- 

closed in its womb a iniUeiiiiiiu of events) since the then youthfnl Author 
of these fascinating volunii's, weiiriod and dispistud with the barbaric 
funus of his Trail sal [>iiie n^gions — high in hopes, and nrderit in imagi- 
nation, comoiandcd tlir treasures of the Western ^Vorlri which he pos- 
seted, to waft him to the delicious shores and sunny climes of Italy. 

' There, stretched in the \\t\y groltocs of Sorrento, and rcpoeing amid the 

citron blossoms uf Naples, he mt^ht realize the goi^ous pictures »ith 
which he l)ad so long pampered his ardent imagination, and forgetting the 
' fumium strepitinnque' of the northern Rome, " its sea-coal and stock-fi?h," 
which he had left ; hasten to that more favoured one, which Nature has 
blessed with ail the charms uf chuiiite and sccner)', aod Art has eonched 
with the costliest treasures of her enchanting empire. An enthusiasm 
more ferrcntj or more genuine, we can hardly conceive ; Mr. Bcckford 
seems to have read, talked, thought, nnd dreamt of Italy, till it became im- 
possible to remain separated front it ; a sort of strong instinctire im- 
pulse at length carried liim there ; such as wings the swallow anif the 
stork, from the autumnal gusts of the north, to happier elements and 
milder climes. \\c believe that the title of the present work, when it 
originally appeared, was a " Day-dream in Italy :" and it was one trnly 
characteristic of it. It is a dream of enthnsiasm — a nstonary pilgrimage. 

I The book itself is like Mr. Kc^rs's Italy, in prose — -not less elegant, less 

jwetic, or less replete with the finest imagery, and thought, and fancy. 
The strong characteristic of Mr. Beckford's mind is here unfolded to us — 
the uncontrollable tendency of his genius — he seems to Imve early sar- 

* It jippears that Vathrk w&s fimt printed in 17^4 ; oar French edition is that of 
Lausanne, )7^7. Tlie Preface atta^ied to the French Vathck is cntlrelj difFerent 
rmtn that which precedes the Unglinh. and aa it ia short is worth Kinng ; — 
*' L'ouvnu^ que notas prei«Dtons au Public a Mi' compost en Fran9<iis par M. Berk- 
ford. I,'indiH4:rction d'un humme An IrttrtsK, & tjui le manuxcrit avutt M conli^, il y 
a trois anM, po b fait oonnoltre la traduction AnglaiwaTant U piili1i><'-Ation de PorJ^nol. 
Lo tradncteur a mdme pris sar lui d'arancer dun sa prebcr tine Vathek ^toit tndnit 
de I'Arabe. L'auteur s'inscrit co faux contre oette asaertion, et s'cogagvr & ne point 
en imposer au Public d'autres outtb^cs de re Kcnrc qu'il m propose de faire ooo- 
noltre ; il In ]>i]isera dans ta coUectton precieaae dc maniucrics OrieaCaux laiss^s par 
fc« M. Wurtlejf MoDtagoe, ct dont les originaux nc trouYcat ^ Londrca chex M. 
PoLner, regiaacur da Due <ie Bedford." Wax this ilfmt of loiter* tlie Ute Dr. Sa- 
muel Henley, the author nf the notes on Vnthek, and afterwards Principal of Hert- 
ford College? There in an occasional Jiffcrcaoo between the Frt'nch and English 
Tf-rsinn of this work, and a few passages have been triltd in the latter. The French 
seems writUQ after the manner of the Aralnan Nights, an a talc recited to the? Mo- 
I narch of the East. — As " Mais. Sire, Totre Majest6 me {Kriuettra Kaos doute «lo 

! laisser U calife ti bint dans sa aouvelle passion, vt d« Ruitre," &c. Thin is lost in tlio 

k' Eniflish. Some rcmarkii on thin work wrre printed by the Rer. Stephen Weston, ia 

GcDt. Mag. vol. Ivii. p. 55, and aniwercd by Or. Henley, p. IW>. ^m 



Ilff ttoiff, >Pi'A Sketches of Spain and Portugal. C^'V* 

leudcrcd himself op to the contemplation, the love of tbo beautiful, tha 
votuptuoufl^ the magnificent, and tlie ideal : — to hare permitted his active 
and brilliant fancy to revel aioid the splemlours and glories of the most ro- 
nantic creations — skies for ever cloudless, and amid scenery for erer 
flowery and fragrant. All the pomp of Asiatic mugniriccnrc and beauty 
was ever before him. He lived in the glory of the Caliphs— his beaH 
was at Bi^dad, or Cairo, or Damascus — every slumber most have carried 
him to Delhi or Astrachan. He would have made a most superb vizier, or 
wonid have sat with dignity even on tbe throne of Iran itself — he was burn 
to revel amidst furs, and diamonds, and 9bawls> and sables^ and silkx— tn 
live OD pilaus, and sweetmeats^ and sherbet — to have his palace on the 
banks of the Tigris, and to have ercctvd his pavilions in the Valley of De- 
light — to have talked of tnlisnmns and genii, and to have counted tbe 
treasures of the prc-Adamite Sultans — to have listened to epic poems on 
the wars between the Divus and Afrits, or to havesnngto the Eute the loves 
of Mcgiiomi and Lcileh — he was not made to wear hats, or broad clutb, or 
shoes, or to sit by eoal fires ; imd certainty he sccuis constitatcd to form 
the wortt English countrtf gsntletaan that possibly can be conceived -, he 
can have no more knowledge of the duties of a Justice Sessions or Assize 
Meeting, than tlie Hcls Hlfendi himself. To realize these dreams and 
fictions of the fancy, seems to lu\vc been the main purport of Mr- Beckford's 
life ; for this he oommanded his faery palace to glitter amid the orange- 
groves, and pnlmst, and aloes of Cintra — for tlus he crowned the AViltshire 
hills irith his rich monastic turrets — for this, in later days, he has placed 
his airy coronet on the turreted brow of the city of Btadud — for this ho 
CK^Iectcd in his romance of Vatbck ever)' gorgeous accumulation of luxnry 
and pleasure ; and lived in idea among them, since a too cruel fate had for- 
bidden him, even with the boundlehs prodigality of his wealth, to equal the 
magnificence of the son of Motasscm. The cruel Parcse only gave a pale 
BOBubstantial phantom to his grasp, when he stretched out his arms to 
embrace the young Nouronihar ; and instead of seeing his imperial tower 
blazing like a meteor in the midnight sky, alas \ he only beheld it ignobly 
mouldering in the dust and dirt of its fall,* 

Vathek is a creation <rf genius that would immortalize its Author at any 
time, and under any taste. It combines the real character of oriental de- 
Bcription, with all tbe graces that wit and elegance can bestow. It ia so 
faithful to the customs aiHl usages of the East, that Haroun Al Kaschid 
himself would have supposed it to have been invented at Bagdad for the 
amusement of his Harem. Voltaire miglit have envied the brilliant wit 
and sportive fancy of its varied Bcenes, while there is in parts a depth 
of passion, and an intensity and truth of feeling, wliich the Lord of Femey 
never could feel or could describe. Though some of the scenes arc too 
passionate and voluptuous not to be pregnant with danger, and though 
thi're is a licentious vein of mockery and derision in other parts, yet the 
termination of the talc, with the awful mural which dignifies its conclusioo^ 

* Mr. Tlrcltfonl publinlKd, when Tcrj young, a little vrork called "Biographical 
Meiooirv of RxtntordinKry PaiDten," Btc. wtuclk hu been tbrougb tbree ewttoiu. 
Tba Quarterly Retiew uji that it i« bat tittle known. \t'e bate, however^ 
beca acqoiilated with it for aoany yean, sod have found our literary friroda gene- 
rally couTrrauit with it. The umc Rerifw roniidpn it as written to deride the 
Datrh and PlCTninh School uf Fhiiiting ; we alwajfl roosideml it ai a Mtin; ua suma 
of oar Enylith Peinterw, ant titt diffirull in rrmKnixe undvr tbe feiglted nisies. It 
wu r^icwcd in Ihc Mvutblf Hem'w, vol. Ixiii. 1760, p. 4^. 



I8a4.] Italy, with Sketchts of Spain and Portugal. \\7 

and which t» drawn id colours so true mnd no Uemendous is one Uiat hat 
uever bceu eiupassed in effect, by the finest creatious of poetry. 

— -^- — " The aiflfi search 
I msde to know Heaven's secret jualice, U 
RcTCiig'd ; — hull) earth I 1 weep iiitg the scai 
I And aigh to augment the wiodti!" 

But wo mast now hafttcn to tht volumes before ua. — Why they havf'l 
been so loDg secluded from the anxious gaze of the public, the Author hafj 
not thought proper to inform us ; for fifty ycara, with the exception of 4 j 
moat limited impression for a few prcsertt9, these charming pages liav^j 
been eDshriiicd in one of the ebony cabinets of Fonthill ; while every not^i 
and then, some brilUaut crystal or jewel has been (selected from iJjHm by aq f 
amateur author who liad been privileged to see thein, to adorn his oivn ■««% I 
attractive pfi^^cs. Mr. Beckford allegeit tliis as one of the causes that ha«^.l 
wnmghis sbw consent to their publication ; and he must idso feci thatlior 
incurs no risl^ of failure in vcntiuing at length un the uea of public opiuiooj ] 
an the aca) of approbation, from tlkC Kclect few, hod already been so fully | 
bestowuL The readers of these volumes of Travels, fortiuiately for tliciuii 1 
will not meet with the researches of an antiquary or a scholar, or a statist^ [ 
or a naturalist. Mr. Beckford neither measured building? nor broke foa^ I 
sjIm, nor dried plauta, nor described eumcub, uor quoted Cluver^ nor mi»^J 
quoted Muratori ; but his book is the outpouring of the exuberant spirits,! 
the youthful hdpes, the anient iispinitions of a man of knowledge aiidj 
genius. AVonlsworth or Byron, if they had written tlieae volumes, wouldfl 
have written them in verse ; Mr. Beckford happens to have pre/trreiA 
prose i but such prose aa would be more didicult to rival, tluin moat of the 
poetry thnt has challenged the admiration nf thf^ modem world. Con* 
sidered as Letters, they stand in the foremost rnuk of that vcr)- diflicultil 
Bpccics of compositiou ; they arc not so brilliant and convoriAntional ii|i' 
their manner as Waljwle'tf, but they have not his afTectatiou and thft« 
minauderie nf his clique ; they certainly cannot rank so high as Gray's, f<>r 
the most finished and chastened wit, or the most classtcal eloquence ; bwtj 
they are just in thought, unaffected in stytc, picturesi}uc in description, 
forcible in narrative, happy in their touches of linniour, glowing with ge- 
nius, and having all the eharnctcristica whiclt mark the umn of poetic 
feeling and of taste, the poetic enthnsiait nnitcd to the refined Rnd 
finished gentleman. 

When Mr. Beckford left England, it was for the purpose of finding 
himself in Italy 3 but unfortuimtely for bim, these two countries not only 
do not join, but arc separated from each other by some very wealthy and 
res[>cctablc nations of no very poetical character and no very ptctureaqne 
scenery. We shall see by a short extract in what mood, and manner, our. 
Tfaveller passed through these intermediate stages of his presets. 



'* When at OBteBd." he sufi, " my 
drcaniB auticiiMtted the classic scenes of 
Italy, the propoacd term of the tx- 
cnmon. Next momiii^, I arona rc- 
freahcd with thune ugreeahlc impres- 
sions -, DO ideas, bat Hoch a« Nemi or 
Albaoo nKrira-d, haunted me while tra- 
Teltiag to Ghpnt. 1 Deitber heard the 
coar<« dialect which wok talking around 
mr, nor notii^i^d the formal attuucs or 
mandiy cuuntrjr which we j^a&M*!. WbcQ 




we stopped to chanj^ horses, / ctoird nuf 
eyei upon tht dull protptct, aod waa 
truiuiH)rtc(t iiiimcdiati^jr to thoae Gn'cian 
imlitudes which Tb«icritua no rnchaot- 
imgly <lr«cribi-8. T« one so far gouc iu 
the poetic lore ot andeot days, Gbcot is 
not the iDo«t likely placo to recall hi« 
attentjoQ, auii ] kaon nothtng mora 
abont lit, than that it is a large, iU-paved, 
71/f/Anrjc, iKimpnuq.lnuVing city, with ■ 
decent proportloa of cbajicU and coi 



1 



I lis 



jijiy, iui BHum ijT j^ m j'ani^u. 



■Fsir 



vfnti, monnrnfatfl, hrurn g»te«, and >rr nioim>aU wbrn ) could ceruinly fkU 

gilded morblM. In the ^««t church w<lrrp in a FlraiMh ckthednl. for tb« 

ivrre M\'erAl |iietiu«« hj Eobens, kj mm chupr of behnldinc in viaoo the 

iCrilung. ao nuutertf, as to hold me temple of Olfnipiui Japiter." 
hraad awake, thoogh I mtut own then 

Tliis |>octic reeling much assists our imBgiaative tmveller, in his forced 
pil^rininge through a Umt who»c ouly t(Mn|ites are cerUinK not dedicated 
to Jupiter or Apollo. Tlic view from the flat rush-bound sandsof Scfae^'e- 
liiig — " the vessels of different sizes, their sails purpled by the sun, and 
I their path of innumerable brillLaiits in the waves," rrmind him of the forto- 
I Date islaikds of the West ; and a gta«8-caac of dried butterflie« — " leads liin 
anollicr daiiec, nhen he thinks of their native hills and beloved flowers, on 
the summits of Haynang and Naii-hoa. ' He quits this cabinet ''for a 
L dinner at Sir Joseph Vorkc's, with all nattons and languages ; among tlic 
I companv being two bonnumble Ijoobics and their governors, all from Ire- 
land, riic youngest, after plying ine with ;i 6uecc&i>ion of innocent quea- 
Itions, wished lo be iofonued where I proposed spending the Carnival. 
['At Tunis.' n-as the answer. 'l*he questioner, not in the least surprised, 
' then asked who was lo sing there ? To which I replied, ' FarinelU.' 
This settled tbc business to our mutual satisfaction." Tlus is as neatly 
said as if it had eume from Strawberry Hill. Wc shall give one more 
extract before oor author leaves Holland : 



" It /tvift were not excluded fron the 

rvagiiitrBlurr nf this country, (and Irannot 

[ bill think it niitllrlinrd that tliej arr) od« 

■liitiil'l not wondrrat thiRchoice (i.e. hung* 

iflK tlicir iiteaaare-tiouaoa over th«ir nos- 

loua |MKibj> Soch buf^mastera might 

, erect tlicir paviliuos in tuch lituntinns; 

I but after all, I nm not i^rRAtljr irarpriMd at 

Ittw ftafatDeaR of thrir rite, tiooe very alight 

tmborlty would porauade ne thm was a 



period wbea HoHaad waa aD water, and 
the nnccstora of the prraeat inhabitaaCa 
Alb. A otrtain oytten*Ant*M of eye, aad 
fUhbinm of complrxion, are almoat proof 
eufficient of their aquatir descent ; and 
pre; tcit me for what parpo«e are such 
galhgasklni as the Dutch barthcn then> 
s«lv» with contrived, but to tur\ np a 
flouncing tail, and thus cloak the de- 
fbnnlty ota dolphln-Uke termination," 



As the rharnis of the Inndsnapc. and the picturesque and sublime scenery 
ttf nature, her inooiilighl skies, and mountain chasms, and souiiding tor* 
irenta, arc uvowcdly our Author's main deiight, and indeed theobjci-ts that 
I luLve ehiedy moveti liim to leave his native shores, it was not probable that 
I lie would piisH through the valleys of the Rhine — Arctoo tpumoMtem vortice 
iJHAfnum, withutit some note of admiration, or without importing to his friend 
I Ibo impressions its tw-^omed visage bad made upon his mind : 



" l.et (hoM (he wrllte) who delight 

In plciunuhine beanCy, repur to the Ihw- 

I Aet» tjf th« Rhtnis and foUim tbe road 

from Hoon to Coblcnts. In somi' places 

I U la aiufiendcd like a cornice above the 

[*«Ur«t Itt others it wind> behind lofty 

t\H and broken di^HTiUo, iliadcd by 

»)■, and clotbcd with nn cdHIcm ▼&• 

r of ptnrlf find rtowt**. Several green 

I' ni ible vi'Ki^lAtion to tbe 

I link*, whU-h often nerve 

) t>i<i>i>iBh<iu iif nbbeya nml o»<tlea, 

* M\f nmfi uui Bpirei, nuinir above 

fc( fnipmi iiii»*Mi/i<r« with an idm 

(t irandniir, (Imt iriigbt pgeiibly 

nt •HI » nnirr-r n|i|>ri<n<'li. 

I wc rann' to Amlcrnach, 
'■■ n. whli etnngv Moriaco* 



J. 



lookian towort, I spied a raft at least 30(r 
feet in 1eni:th, on which ten or twelve rot- 
tagea were creirtrd : the women sate spin- 
ning at their doors, whil»t tlieir cbiliireit 
{>lajred atnoogat the watcr-liliea, tltat 
tloomed in abaadance on the edge o( the 
utream. A fBoke arising from one of 
these aquatic hAbitatiuDS|>artiAlty obscured 
llie mountains beyond, and added not a 
little to their effect. Altogether, the acene 
was ffo nnrel and amuftng, that I tat half 
an bour contemplating it from an erai- 
ncn<Te, under the shade of some lea/y 
wnlnnts ; and kliould like eitranely to 
build a moveable TiUafte, peu|)lc it with 
tii5 fricadfl, nnd »o go Aoating about fmia 
iaiand lo island, and from one woo<ty 
coast of tbc Rhine to soother, ^^oald 



K^^ii 




w 



1834,] 



Italtf, wilA SlietcAea of Spain and Porluffa, 




119 



sequcBtcrcd pnridifiP. N^liat & spot for a 
tvat t I cuuld cncaotp Ucnr for maatliH, 
utd never be tircO. Nut » dby wuuld 
pus h;r without dUcovcriog some untrod- 
dcn poiiturc, some unBUs)>cctrd vale, wbcro 
I might rem&in among woods mnd precf- 
pices lost and for^tten. I voutd give 
you and two or three more the <!ue of my 
lahyriDth ; Dohody else should be eoa- 
scioiu evea of iu entrance. Full of such 
agreeable dreams, 1 r&mblcd about the 
meads* scvccIt aware wbirh way I waa 
going. Somrtimea a spangled fly led mn 
astray, and ofteaer niy own stransi; fao- 
cics i between both, I waa painfully be- 
wildered, and frliould never have found 
my boat again, had not an o!d GenuejM 
naturalist, who wan collccline fuaaibi on 
the ciiffg, directed me to il. When Trot 
hrnne, it waa grnwing ktv, and I now be- 
gan to perceive that 1 had taken no re> 
fruthmeut except tlie perfume of the hay, 
and a fcw wood -strawberries — airy diet, 
you will observe, for one uol jrt rcL-civcU 
into the realms of Oinaiatan." 

The description of Augsburg and Manich is Itit off in a few c!e\'er and 
comprelicnBivc seiitonccts ; whicii tell us more than a whole ream of ordinary 
travels. Tlic women arc in the very dresses in which Holbein painted 
them, and the gentlemen " as smart, as bajp, Hwords, and pretty clotbea 
eouJd make thciu, looking exactly like the fine people one sees represented 
on Dresden p»Tcclai[i." But the gciitlenicn and tlie ladies of Bavaria, 
Mill the peasnnts tloekiiifl; to Munich f^r, to eat sugared tarta and honied 
gingerbread, Mr. Beckford learet> behind him, as the wheels of his 
kopaticnt chariot roll towards the uiountaluM of the Tyrul. Mis descriptions 
of such ficcnery^ with their not uncommon accompaniiQcntSj are too Eiappy 
md wcU selected to be omitted. 



you diiUke nich a |>arty ? I am much 
'deceifed, or jfia wuulil )>e the fir^f to ex- 
plore the shady protnontorira beneatli 
•which wc should be wafted along. * * 
After supper, I walked on a smooth lawn 
by the river, to ohservc the moon journey- 
ing thruii£;U a world of stiver elondx, tbftt 
lay dispersed over the face of the heavens. 
It waa a mild, genial m*cning. Every 
roounttin east its brusd i^hiulow on the 
«urfare of the fitrram ; lights twinlited 
aftir yff on the sarfece of the hilla ; they 
burnt in eilence. All were asleep, except 
a female figure in white, with glow-wonns 
dhining in her hair. She kept moving 
diiooBftolalely about. Sametinies I beard 
hm ngh ; and, if apparitions sigh, thii 
tnust have been sn apparition. 

"The pure air of the momhig invited 
me ahroail at an parly hour ; hiring a skiff, 
1 rowed about a mile down the stream, and 
tandcd on a slupiug meadow, level with 
the walent, and newly mown. Heaps of 
hay still lay dispersed under the copses, 
which henuncd in on every side this little 



" Ag we were lorveying thiit prospcet, 
a thick cloud, fraught wiili thuodcr, ob- 
■cun:d the hiirizun. wliil« (Ushes of liKlit- 
ninit stjirtlf d our lior^cx, whose soortt and 
stamping resounded through the wooilx. 
The impending tempest gave additional 
gloom tn the iSm, and we trnvelled several 
miles almost in total darkness ; one mo- 
ment the rlonds began totteet, and a faint 
gleam promised serencr intervals, but the 
aeit waa all bUrkni-ss and terror. Pte. 
senUy a delude of rain iiuured duwu upon 
the valley, nod in a short timo the tor< 
rimts beginning to swell, raged with such 
violence as to be forded with difficulty. 
Twilight drew on juat as wc hod parsed 
the moat terrible t then ascending a 
mountain, whufte pines and birrhea rustled 
with the storm, we saw a little lake beli>w ; 
n deep ssure luizevsileil iu raMti^rn shore, 
and lowering vapours eonrcaled the cliffs 
tu the south: hnt over its western ex- 
tremities hung s few traasporent ctondK. 
The rays of a HtrugglinK sunset streamed 
on the surface of the waters, tinging the 




I 



I 



brow of a green promontory with tender 
pink • • • • • When got Iwyond 
the but cluii>el, I began to hear the roar 
of a caifcadc in a tliiek wini'd uf beech and 
chtminut, that clothes the steeps of a wide 
fissure in the rocks. My car soon guided 
me to its entrance, which was marked by 
m shod oncompaaseU with rooky fragments, 
and almost concealed by boshes of rhodo- 
dendron in fall red blo)m ; amongst these 
I struggled, till rearhing a goat traek, it 
coudueLed me, un the brink of the foam- 
iog waters, to the very depths of the cliff, 
whence issues a stream which, dashing 
impetuously down, strikes against a ledge 
of rocks, and sprinkles the impending 
thicket with dews. Big drops hung on 
every spray, and giiLtervd in the leaves 
partially gilt with the rays of the declining 
son, whose mrilow hui'H softened the 
rilgK'^d vummitii, and diffused a repose, ■ 
divine calm, over this deep retirement, 
which inclined mo to imagine it the ex- 
tremity of the earth — the portal of some 
other regiun uf existence,— ^ome hnppy 



1 



i9a 



Itaijf, with Sketches of Spain nnd Portugal. 



[Aug. 



world, hcTOBtl Uio lUrlc gnirefl of pinct 
the cttvci. oni) awful mouotiiiu, wlicre 
I the rirer Uke« iU lioam ! ImjxvMcd 
. ^ith Uiu roauitio iilcA, I Huug ca^uHy 
f Aver the g^If, «nil fsnried I cimld dis- 
[tfagulth a viiin tiahMlnK np with the 
Jtratera. — thtro looked into the ibysa, nnd 
I tCralned ray «yc* tu wnetratc tht- gloooi, 
flrat ftU KU dArk uia uoralIiumii];Ii: «s fu- 
Ituritr- Awakening from my rL-vt-rir, I 
I frit Uie damps o1 the vatcr chill my fore. 
I kttad, and run Hhirrrin^ out of the valr tu 
I Avoid them. A warmer ■tmocpbrrf tbao 
{ had rolled in the mcad« I bAd waitdcred 
I trross bpfoff. templed me to rrmcin a 
Icood while Xousti ^oWkcWwh dianthiaHlhi, 
VtraktA with bntutifutly varied rutimr^, 
I snd ■ tiwciM uf while thyme, scvnted Uk« 
I Biyrrh. While I wu toua employed, a 



confuaeil mormur fltmnlE my ear« and on 
tarning towards a eliff, backed hj the 
woods Irotn whence the sound >e«nuid tm 
uruecod, forth issued a herd of foats, 
huDdrMlB after hundmb, skipping down 
the fitre]M; then fnllowed two shepherd 
boy I, gain bo Hi nf together Ai they drove the 
creature* alonj; ; hood alter the doc made 
his ap(>ranu)cc, buntiDft a stray heifer^ 
whii-b bruui(lit up the rear. I followed 
th<-*ni mth ny eyca till lost in the windin|^ 
tif the valleT. and heard the tinkJins of 
their bell* die gradually away. Now the 
laat blush of crimson left the ■aratnil of 
Sinai, inferior mountains bcinj; long sine* 
cn«r iu deep blue nUade. Tlie vUbigc vai 
aln-TKly hushed when I reined It, and ia 
a few momcDta 1 fullowed its eiample." 



This description we Ihink sweetly Umchcd, and part of it breathes the 
[■very sotil — almost the very words, of X'^athek itself. Mr. Beckford flies 
IthMe with ever incremtinfr vckHrity, crying out with the ftorccrcss of old — 
I** Why tarry the wheels of my chariot ?" as the azure of the skies, uid the 
htnen of the sansliinc, spoke to him of Italy. He left behiod him the 
J wooda of the Tyrol, the tomb of Maximilian, the bronze statocs of the 
I Tyrok'sc counts, aud the castle of EmbtHs ; aud gazing from the heightB of 
|8chonb(.-rg, the mountain of beauty, Itc at once descended into the garden 
■ of nature, into the Klysium for which he had pined — the land of fragrance 
jand 6owerH, uf light and melody. In sober prose, he arrived at BcJiiana ; 
land sorely Italy never oiK^ned hor arras to reecire a fitmngrr more able to 
titimate her treasures^ more inclined to admire her soporemincnt beauty, 
r, we may add, more richly endowed with Uic power of feeling and dc- 
Iscribing them. 

I Mr. Bcckfonl's Views Af Venice have never been equalled except by 
jCiinnlctti. Tlic long blue lagoons, the islands surmounted with pine«, and 
Latmlded witA, fig-trees, the white »ilverj-k)oking convents ; the crowd of 
llxiats, bai-gcs, and gondolas that swer|} along the fairy scene ; the music 
's-Huiiig from the KiiUto, and swelling down gallery, and terrace, and 
urticu ; the gondoliers answering each other in the distance with 80(t 
plaintive tones ; the illuminated [>alnccs, and taj>ers gleaming thmagh 
[the awnings — and then the freshness, Uic beauty of the mormng scene; 
Grand Canal covered with fruits and vegetables, and loads of grapes, 
nd |)caches, and melons ; and uoblc VcnctiiuiB just come from their 
sinofl, met to refresh tliemaeU-es with fmit, before they retirctl to sleep 
r the day. But we must close the nccoimt of Venice with a paaasige, 
hich all must remember, as it appears reflected with frcah lustre in the 
Inirror of Mr. Rogers' beautiful poem : — 



" I had not much time to contemplate 
Itlte beautiful effect of tlie waters — (be 
lainerald and purple hues which gleamed 
FsloBg their surface. Our prov struck 
■.Ibainiag ogaiaBt the walls of the Car- 
MuiiaDganlea, before 1 recollected where 
TWB«, or could took attentively amund 
Be. Pcrmiaiiion bcini; obtained, 1 entered 
hb cool reU'remcnt, and patting aside 
uy baadd the bou^bs of li|^ and 



pomcfp'anates, got nnder an ancient hay 
tree on tltc summit uf a Uttlc kuoil, near 
which Bcreral tall pinca lift themMlvet 
up to the breeze*. / tiatnufd to tkt eait' 
venation they held vttA a vtndjnat bhvn 
frftm (jretce. and eharyed, at ireU OM / 
could unJeritaHJ their airy tangvoffe, 
with nutny qfffttiuttate rrmemhranctMfrum 
thiir relathn on Mount Jd*," 



1834.] 



Italg, XL-ith Sketches of Spain and Portugal. 



121 



So farewell to tfte n.ic« of St. Mark, in whose priiicely am Petrardi 
beticld a tournament, wliicb he describes ; farewell to that enchanted 
Bquare which the Senate hung with BMoiiif^, and onered with tlie richest 
car[>ets of the East, nnd stat to receive Henry the 'Hiird, hastening to 
his more splccdid and mure secure tfamne, and to put the HIieti of Fiance 
00 his brow ; and we must bid fareuell to the architectural ck-^^unce of 
Sanffo\iDO, nnd tlie colossal acalptnrc uf the Seals del (liganti ; and we sym- 
palhixc with the melancholy uf the Author, whom one of tlie f^birri awoke 
from his traniipnrliDg dream hs closing the gates of the Ducal Pahice ua 
liim one hour — one brief inestimable hour — too soon. " For the twilight/' 
soy» the Tuice of the Charmer. *' enlarged every portico, lengthened ever}' 
coionnadet nnd increased the dimeiigtODS of the whole jufit as iraagiDation 
desired. Tliis faculty would have had full scope had 1 but remained one 
hotir loiter. The moon would then have gleamed on the gig^intic forma 
of ftlftTB and Neptune, and discovered the Bta.tacs of ancient heroes 
emergiDg from the gloom uf their niches." 

From those moonlight dreamfi and ]ioettcal associations, the Traveller 
was awakened by hnding himself tn the (ircat Square, just lighted up, and 
iili Venice assembling on its glittering pavement. The nt^blcti were in 
their caaoins, driokiug coffee and playing trieze ; Turkish and Arme- 
nian, and Sclavonic, and (ireck, were muttered in every comer. Here 
was a circle of Armenian priests and jewellers; there were a:^)jemblcd the 
fdiant Greek and smooth Dalmatian : here was just landed a Russian 
prince, with his dwarfs and Ills governors; and there was a grave Vene- 
tian magistrate stealing with liis goddess under his arm, and skulking away 
tlirough blind alleys and winding passages, unknown even to his family, 
where he coald carry on his intrigues in inaccessible retnats, and in 
lauots unsuspected and undiscernit>le. Now the romantic and inqutaitivc 
Author of Vathek was in his element, — lierc rose in reality the Pal/tee o/ 
ty Five Senses ; not, indeed, on the ItiU of tlie Piki> Horses, but in the 
city of the immortal Foca,— here was everything of fair, and beautiful, 
and dinne that liis fancy had so long anticipated, and so often created ; 
and how long he would have lingered here, or how he would have escaped 
the tbousaud perils that surrounded him, masked in their false aud 
delMnve beauty, wc dare not think -, bnt, fortunately for him, Madame de 
Roseiibcrg arrived, whisked him away with her, and set him down to 
coffee and the card table, where we will leave him tiU three in the morn- 
ing, hearing the sound so delightful to Venetian cars — Uno, due, trc, 
qoatre, cinque, faute, cavalico, re, — till the apartment echoed with uootlter 
■yllables, and the guests participated in no other interests. 
fib be canWuWnf in nur nmri.J 



I 



I 



MEMOIRS OF ICHTHYOSAURI AND PLESIOSAURI. 
Bv Thomas Hawilinb, Es*., F.G.S. 

THE announcement of any oryctolf^cal work must necessarily create 
^eep infercfit and anxiety in the mind of evcr^' naturalist and philosopher ; 
to pry into the mysteries of departed ages, and the wonders of tlie past 
and future conditions of our glubc, is the inhtioclJve and gratifying exer- 
ciae of the human mind. Indeed, under the guidance of souufl judgment, 
and becoming humility, it expands ahke the knowledge and fsculties of 
man, as well as becomes the handmaid of virtue, liberality, and pinty. 
Bnt more esjKciallv will that interest nnd inrjuisitivcness be enhanced, 

Gknt. Ma«. Vol. H. U 




h 



l'22 Hawkins on Fostil Fish. [Aug. 

-when the subject involves tlic debris contuucd in the substrata of our own 
cmintry, and the remains sliroudcd by the rocks from whence vre derive 
the supplies requisite for tlic sumptuous erection and ornament of our pri- 
rate as well as public edifices. The con temptation of the Ichthyoi and 
Pletrion sauroi even afford us an additional charm ; they are peculiarly 
British— pre-eminently under our own protection, and b«ir an undoubt-ed 
cluim npon our national Kcal and liberality. Tlrnt ^jeat prodigy of 
natural science, the illustrious Covicr, has himself awarded the palm to 
our countrymen for their latMurs in this department ; and Uic undevtatinf^ 
candour of the Baron has Icf^ on immortal record, that it is to the zeal of 
our \-irtuD8i tbat-tbc discovery^ ilescription, and classihcatinn of these rep- 
tiles is to be ascribed. The discovery of the Ichthyoanurun appertains to 
Sir Erarard Home, and its name to Kccnig ; and altliou^h Mr d'craM 
Imlted for a time betvTcen two opinions, and woidd fain hare dcsij^nated them 
prolrosfwri, still the researches of our amatears soon funiished materials 
for the hrm establishment of the early nomendatDre. The Plesiosannis ii 
the fondling of Mr. Conybeare, and to which he has assigned the most 
seductive of all Homeric epithets, Dolichrideirus- Other names might be 
adduced to swell out our catalogue, as Bucldand, Mantell, Lyell, Ac. ; but 
their exertions and talents arc too well known and appreciated to need an 
enumeration in advocating our pretensions to the Saurian conquest. Vet 
even by theco-oporatiooof these distinguished geologists, the extraordinary 
sauri were known only by ieobtcd detached fragments, and very imperfect 
spedmcns i sufficient had been ctillcrti'd to determine the species, though 
not to jKiint out with uiideviiitiiig cirtainty the varieties of their race. 
Our knowledge of them was abundantly ample to screen the Altorf vcrtcbrw 
from Schcuchzer's theorj" of anthTn[>olites. but not to indicate them as 
the spoils of the Cheiroparamekostintis nr the Hextarsostiniis specificaUv. 
This diOiculty h:is at length been surmounted by the indefatigable and dis- 
interested Hawkins ; and no small degree of honest pride may we modestly 
foster, since the researches and assiduity of a fe I low-citizen have effected 
such an advance in science by an immense sacrifice of time, of comfort, 
and of wealth. More particularly we rejoice that the paddles and hinder 
extremities, which were either totally absent, or exceedingly mutilated in 
all former specimens, arc in the plates before us in most excellent order, 
and in the highest state of preBcrvation, so much so, that they have far- 
iiished the mean* of nssigning a peculiar and characteristic feature to each 
animal. I'his if) a step uirther in our acquisitions than we could well hone 
to attain, and its importance mayjw.- estimafed by the result to which our 
author was led, to compost a new name for each variety ; so that the an- 
cient khthyosaurus platyodon of Cuvier is now IntrtKluced as the [. Chi- 
TOsfroHgulostintis, the 1. Communis as I. (Jhiropoi^ostinas, the I. tenuiros- 
tris as 1. Ckiros{roag>ilo$timis, ami tltc I. Inlcnncdius as the I. Cluroyarame- 
ktutiHu^f. ^^'c di&likc exceedingly to quarrel with numcs, but these strongly 
remind ns of the unmoutiiahlc words of the ** Memoria Technica." The 
'Pletaosauri have umlcrgone a similar mtU^mpsycliosis, and we opine on a 
more satisfactory and unifnrui plan than the former; but whether the vefw 
tcbric can bo better distinguifhcd now by tln:ir paddle names, than for- 
merly by their snout appellations, must Ik: left for more practical geoIoiriAt* 
to decide. Perfect specimens were wanted, and the meed of praise is due 
to Mr. Hawkins for his zeal and perseverance in obviating the deficiency 
The paramount necessity of possessing such entire remains may be deduced 
the visionary ideas which have been propagated concerning, and the 



I 



I 



^ 1834.] 




avki/u on Fouil ^h 






CO 



€ 



egregious errors mcidciit to calculating from, sncli as are mutilated and 
imperfet't ; witness the rffmtraroaj? inegalonyx, the Vcroiiean Ichthyolites, 
&c. We have the instaucc of Conybcarc's hnnng orifjinally drnu u tba , 
Plaiosauras—h'ii dolicAodcirus — with a short neck ; and c\x-a to tlie pre- ( 
sent day, Or. Bucklaud a Megalo»:iuru8 is contracted by one into titirty feot 
lODg, exjKinihf] by a, soo^nd to fifty-hvc fect^ and a thiid, like a boy tugging 
at his liidia-rul)ber, stretches the same aniiDid to scvcDty feet, or upwards^ 
shontd occnsion require it, and bis book gain a more speedy (^aIc by thc4 
wonderful taJt;. All these siwclal pleaders, of conrse^ proceed upon somM 
fancied analogy ; but epcfulatlon is an iiijnry to true scicncCj and lends to ' 
the discredit of their actual deterniinations. 

The subject of the volume before u3 is intended to disseininate the knoir* 
lodge of the imincuticly valuable and interesting spccluiens of Ichthyosauri 
and Pies! osauri dow in the cabinet of the author, and which have justly 
elicited from the oryctologists of our times the most unbounded applause, 
as well as furnished the best foundations upon which the su|)erdtnieture of 
this branch of the science may ultimately be reared. !$ouie parts of th« 
production arc decidedly singular and tinmoronB, attributable no doubt to 
Shakspearcan dreams o^ youth^ and too great a desire to soften down tho 
aitperiliefi of acicuce, and render his work acceptable to the gcueral reader. 
He has, hoirevcr, volunteered to supply the place of Hiram in bc<jucalhing 
" Btoue and gnld ; and although he may hare failed as a " Sampson" to 
.ammate the edifice, yet we hope some Solomon may soon arise to erect 
it a temple to tlie Lord. W'v feel conslraioed to repress every playful sen- 
timent, M lien we view the mngnificcncc of th^: plates, and the snm[ituoii8 
liberality of Mr. H.'s " Lar^s," in preiwirini; them for the public seivice, 
~ icy are the most beautifully executed delineations we have ever beheld 
any geological work, and alike do credit to the projector a euthusiasra, 
d ONeill's lithographic skill. They ri\"al the head of the Clieiro|»olyos- 
us itself, which Is valued in the mind of its kind master at a " necklace of 
■ienlal pcarh ! ** Hie descriptions of the Lyme and Street stratificationa 
minute, useful, and iotcrcstiog; and the anatomical analysis of tliQ 
nderful ori[M»rous reptiles is scientific, and, we prcsnme, accurate. This 
division of the work would most iodubitably have proved of iufinitc service 
to M. Ciaillardcau in classing his anomalous Liinenlle discovery in a strata 
coc^'&l, to mention the least {mint of analogy, with tke blue lias of Lyme. 
In a second edition «c should recommend a rcvisal of the OrtlK^raphy 
the new Xomcnelaturc, the classification of the Scarborough *' Gfiliah" 
id plates of the four omitted Pletiiosaiiri. 

In the mean time we urge Mr. Hawkins to prosecute tis researches with 
nnnbatcil vigour and nL'Custouicd liberality. He lias every inducement to 
incite him, for already his collection appearn to be, sui generis, unri^-allcd, 
occupying; more than four thousand superficial feet, and is in weight above 
twenty tons< As wc love soaring imagery and extraordinary schesis, wa 
will mount a Ptcrodactylc, that rara avis in (errU, and take an airing wliitsi 
cogitating on the pristine world of Hawkins, wbo, in spite of all Curier's 
hypothetic theory of Aeia and New Holland becoming sportive, still per- 
ils in a planet ante-hnman : 




'* Ichtb^ssuri and I'leelosaurf filled up 
\t nieii»nre uf tlieir ycArs long 'ere Edva 
was plaDtcil, and the dutuiniuD of Uie B^Hy 
mule ofLlie rrd tarth, ackoowletlgcdover 
the fi»b of the k«, fowl of tliii air, and 



cnltle, and over all the eartli, and upon 
crery creeping thing. 

"'Theim wms the i»rr-Adwnili>— th« 
just emerged from rhaon — jiUnet, throngl} 
periodfi knoffH ooljr to God Almighty. 





History of Wina. 



[Aug. 



1 



Itelrs on fttrith workl sjiiahabitatc, nm* 

leat nd iD0onless.sa4HcamliQLheuixT; 

light of npemal firt (Qui-rir, ctndle 

Hfilit-) ; IheirsBflcrcemwwithinKarorch- 

rd tn B limriblt; ftbadowt and tlw-T wrr« 

tb« horrible chiiuKfaft — tDeiplicahie nnd 

roBderfnl wcarDatioD* of the mjrrlad 

itaermtiona of the aAcr timea, which 

tetkDfd that dmidfiil earth iloDe. The 

ometimo terran, ftdoactiinps cic«aiiic (be ft 



renembernl our DCg ii the A)niwr),PteTo« 
iUctyh;*^thuw more than vampire moo- 
tterft, which had Mlitarr ovcoftation of 
the mutiK of snntt, when htack ■i|>)u fed 
ilrnm upon tlif>Tn, wrrv an after thought ; 
they follnwed at the ktfU of the Tomer, 
and wben Ibey did come to ticarv wlitudo 
at th« BouDd of wing atul ihe Gkb of the 
aea, 'twas the herding together of fonM 
that haatediii a leash." 



We arc rather iDcUocd to doubt that the Ptcroflactylc foUotvcd at the 
DeoU, or succeeded the Snurinns^ since the Manheim specimen waa dcrtvod 
from the i^rcy rocks at AicUslcdt, whlcbj like the Hits, we prtaame to bo 
of the Jurautc strata. 



HISTORY OP WINES. 
(Omchtded frvm p. II.) 



•kmJI 



IN Ihe arrondiasement of Lyona, the most noted wtoe u the Cole 1 
\ It is grown near Amptt'is, and is esteemed one of the finest wines in France. 
[The quantity produced is very smali ; it is remarkalilc for the cxrelleucc 
rsf its colour, rieamcss, strength, and perfume ; having the sweet odour of 
' tlic vioU-t, Hud i.s much improved by a voyage. The best white wine la 
(hat of Condrieu, {p'own at ^t Columbe. It 19 vcr\' delicious, azrd eagerly 
boi^ht np by the merchants, 'llic n-inc is made from the plant called 
runnitr. We mu&t leave the wines of the Iscre. of Grenoble, Vanclttse, 
and Avignon, none of which are of the 6rst quality ; though those made 
tohcrc the Grcnachc and Alicant grape predomiuatc, are remarkable for 
> tbeir bouquet and 6avuur. The wtnes of N'arbonue are hut and high co* 
"^ nred, and arc all uitcd in the distillery ^ but the wines of Leiooux arc, by 
*tomc, preferred to Buurdeaox and Burgundy. Montpelicr prodaccs the 
wine ca\\i\d St. (leorge d'Orgues. This is exported tu Italy, and Is cnlled 
LOne nf the wines de C'ai^ison. The Muscadine wiucs of this dejiartment 
re divided into two qualities — the first comprehend the Froutignan, and 
the Lnnel— these are ioscious and sweet. 'J'be quantity grown is smalL 
ilfiwfo/f/j* grown at fle/icrcs, ranks next. In this part of Fmnce the 
riaes are planted among the oUves, ami the wine is hUlc esteemed ^ but 
they arc exported to places in the Mediterranean, llic ifoiu.u7/onisgroHu 
in the deportment of the Pyren&;s Oricntalcs, near Pcrpignan and Ceret j 
it is a wine highly esteemed in Spain and in the North. I'he Malvasta 
and Macnbeo wines are made by one or two persons only, and seldom ex- 
posed to sale. The Moscadines keep a lung time. A French gentleman 
bad in bis cellar some that was made the year of the treaty between France 
and Spain, 1 659 : it was quite sound. The wines of Poix, in the I^wcr 
Pyrenees, are good, great nttcotion is paid to them. The vintages at Garaa- 
von arc sometimes prolonged to Noveiubor, or even December, bnt wc 
must hasten on to the viucvurds of Gascony, and the banksof the Garonno. 
1'hc extent of vineyard ground lit the dc[>art]ncnt of the Gironde, ut no 
b^ss than I:i7,ll02 hectares ; their total proiliutioiut 1.'/J0j,l076 bectalitrea, 
valued at no leas a sum than '19,I"r.l.'>4 francs. Of these nearly two 
millions of hectalitrcs are exported ; but it is also computed thut uw-thirj 

Till' Mnwadinp praposarc laid at lh« foot of the Irw after thry arr iyitbcrrH. 
*%rhich i^ afltr tbr drw ts evaporatnl, till they are dried and ihrivcUcd, and then the] 
are trodden aud prcBsed. Some let liie Cniit dry 00 the fteoi. 





tfff/ory of WtKK. 

more is cxportcU frum Bourdcaux than vi ^ruivn lit that prorioce. Tliis U 
drawn by the merchants from Spain, and from other dcpaj-tmeuts in France, 
to mingle with the juice of their ona f^pe, and adapt it to the forciga 
markets. 

The inferior nnd Bceondary irines of Bordeaux arc so little known to 
Knglishmen, and so few ever cooic to this country under their own naincs, 
tlmt itMccins liardly worth while entering into any detail concerning tlicm. 
W'e shall therefore pjiss over the uiiics of Ufaze, and of the Palus of 
JDordogne, and the canton of Ik>urg,* and the hill witncs, which are divided 
into ' vins hns,' and ' vius de c6tes ;' the common %vines are bottled in a 
year or two after vintage, the superior not for live or six, or even twelve 
years. The wines gain in price e\'ery year, for five years after being 
bottled, 50 francs {Krr ton, and ttic best Mirts more, l^c prime >St. EmiUaa, 
Cenon, and Barbc Blanche, at twelve years old^ sell for three francs and 
a half the bottle 7'hc wines of the Pains are degenerated, hut arc much 
improved by age and a sea ruyagc \ tbcy are what tlie Fn^nch call a Eittle 
wtAUa, and rongli, and ahonld be kept seven or eight ycairs in the wood. 
The district of the Graves is so enlled from its gravelly soil, it lies on Ute 
left bank of the Garonne, and produces a very delicate wine. Genendly 
■peaking, thry are 6U{)erior to the wines of Medoc in strength, but inferior 
in raciness ainl bouquet. The Chateau Haut Brion, is one of the finest, the 
fiavonr resembles burning sealing-wax. Tlie bouquet savours of the \iolet 
and raspberry. The south district of Bourdelais is the Medoc, the most im- 
portant of ajl for its extent aud the quality of its produce* The Medoc 
district is an imtni^nse triangular plttin, divided on the udc of the Garonne 
by small hills, which prodoce the best wine. The soil is light aud sandy^ 
and covered with small oval flints. A sea voyc^ (fatal to some of the 
finest wines in France), improves the produce of the Giroudc ^ but there 
u a defect in the wines of Medoc, which is, tliat they tend to decouii>ositioa 
in sixteen or seventeen years. Tlie wines from the Commune of Ludou 
urc great favoarites with the Dutch, who like high colour, racincss, and 
aromatic taste, and they are free from txirtness. Canteuac, the fifth com- 
mune (for we overpass those of inferior quaUty}, is remarkable for the ex- 
cx^llcMC£ of its vintage, which rivals tlie best in Medoc The vines of 
Margaux are the most esteemed in the whole tract. The soil is very flinty : 
here the famous Chateau Margaux is grown : about eighty tons of the hrst 
growth are made, and twenty of the second : the wine of the first quality 
IS seMom found genuine in England, and comes metamorjihosed out of tlkc 
London merchant's cellar. It is strong without being heady, has a rich 
tmlour, and a soft bouquet, and it is said to possess ooe admirable quality 
—it ieaws the mouth cool. Diateau Margaux, Chateau Latnur, and 
Chateau X^htte, all sell in England at about the same price. The wines 
arc classed by the bnikers, who decide to which claas the wine of each 
grower shall bek>ng. 'J'he St. Jutien which is the eighteenth eommuuc, 
produces a wine inferior to the Margaux, nith a peculiar bouquet, tliat ilis- 
tingiiislics it frum any other. In the nineteenth commune, that uf St. 
I.ambert, is made the famous wine of Vhaieau Latour. It is distinguisluMl 
from the Cliatcnu Lafilte by superior bwly nnd confcistence j but it should 
be kept a year longer in the wood than the Lnfiftc. The vine grows on % 

* The vJtH* (itanlK moHt rullivntf'il in Banrg, flri> thn mprlol, {wtite chalnMe nuir*, 
cannlnet, mancin, Inntiirier, re-rdot, bochrt. «iid irthtni. The mvrXai, carlipjMt, T«r> 
4M, baloozut ; uuusoutcl grajtcs, make the GrovM Wines which aregronn on flvo lilf- 
femt liue. 



I 




I 



I 



Hutortf of Wimes, [Aof. 

Sand and graTcL It i« aU fmrchnscd for EngUnd. Aboat e^flity tons ara 
made, it is not so fine as iMptte, in the Commune of PouHiac is (jrowa 
the incontparahlf V/tatrau LajitU : of thh about oRf htrndred tons arc made^ 
oil consumed ia England. It is lighter than llic Latuur. 'flic Mine next 
in qoality i^^ the Bran ne*Mnu ton, of which the produce is above unc liua- 
drcu tuns, 'i'he mean pnxloct of the red Mcdoc wines is 37.6(10 tuns : 
the first (Jass sella for about 'J300 francs the liui. In the /ijH year tha 
prices lire double the jSrtit, 

The finest vnites are never mnrf to England in a jmre state. Tlic Enu^llsb 
palate is very vitiated ; and since the detestable Methuen Trtntif has lost nil 
itB delicacy and taste. Consequently, strong red Hermitage, and RousstUoii, 
and Bcni Carlos from Spain, and pure alcohol, arc pour^ in to the extent 
of tu-cnty-four |)er rejil, destroying all the delicacy of tlie Hnvour, and in- 
juring the salutary i)unlity of the mne. Adulteration to serious extent 
rrists in the cellars of Bomrdttoujt. Inferior mncs are mixed with the 
best, and false stamps are pnt on the bottles. 

The wines in Medoc and Grave are phinted three feet from each 
other each wny } and the stem is allowed to attain a foot in height. 
To the Ktakes are joined horizont-al laths, and the branches arc extended 
on them. 'Hic plough is nscd between the rows ihreo or fonr times 
in the year. The best rAiV« wines arc all grown in the Graven ; they 
are divided into dry and luscioos. The Sauterne. Pontnc, Barbae;, 
• Prcignac, and Carbonieux nrc the finest. The price augments witli 
age, so that these wines will sell at even 4UflO francs the tun. In the 
Comninne of Ordonnac, is a small vineyard of only eight hectares in 
extent, belonging to the ancient Abbey of Me, the produce of which has a 
pae odour of roses, and sells high. The white wine vines arc planted in 
Joallcs. in rows six feet and a half from nnotlier range. The wine called 
Claret^ is a mixture of diflTcrcot sorts — of Beni Carlos and Bonrdcaux — Lan- 
gucdoc wine and Bourdeax — Hermitage, yVlicant, KoussiUou and BounJcaux, 
and always Fpirit of if/b* in tidditioti, for Joliu Bull likes to make his Claret 
as much* like Port as possible. In fine seasons the Haul-brion, Branno 
Moutoii, I^ Rose, KozoD, and other wines, approach closely to those of 
the first quality, and are often exported as such. The tt-incs of Bcigoinc 
arc much dmnk in Holland. 

The wines of Cahors, though good, arc so little known here that it i$ 
useless to enlarge on them. The Moselle wines are now chielly German j 
as that departmcDt of the Rhine ha« been taken from Frame On the 
Mense, some xvines of the first ch»8S arc produced from the Puteau noir. 
In the department of the Mcurthc, (port of old l-orrainc), the quantity of 
juice given out of the vine, is enortnons. The Curate of .Achain declares 
that he has often obtained two hundred hectolitres per hectare ! The red 
\*'ines of Atijon arc very good, though not known abroad, and the white 
excellent. In Bern, a good white wine is grown, called Moustillc, like 
Cltablis. The wines of Correze (Bos Limousin) arc. good and keep wclL 
Near Tours, wine of a common chisa is grown : that of joue is the best. 
The department of the Jura produces tolerable wines, that are exported to 
Switzerland, Rusaia, and Germany. We remember eujoying some excel- 
lent wine at Poligny, and find it to be in great repute. 1 he wines of the 
Landes, which iire on vast ]>tains of sand Iwidering the g»ilf of flasconv, 
arc inferior ; the vines arc buried up by the encroachments of the santi, 
have to Ik- trauaphmted i;\ery ten years. The Bourbonuaia and 
ais produce inferior w'mos. At Moulins they make a species called ^ 




1834.] 



History of Wines. 




vm/ou, or mafi winn. The %inc district of the Seine, is large in extent^ 
and the produce prcat, but tho quality inferior- It produces 1849,7*8 hec- 
tolitres. In the loth ceutur)-, Mantes was noted for its wine, as amnnfrthe 
best in France : it rescinbled Boiirdennx : bnt when the nncyard of the 
Cclestins was grubbed up, the wines fell in repute — so much/or France. 
\\c must be very brief indeed in our remarks on the vineyards of Italy 
and Spain. l*he latter CQuntr\' would equal the groni.!! of France with 
equal cultivation, for the soil and climiite arc both tnoiit fnvourablc. We 
have little frnia Spain but tltc hot Sherries, and tlic- luscious Malaga, but It 
produces the tiotist red wines. The Viil de Peiias or Valley of Stones ^wn 
in I>a Maneha, is excellent ; the vineyard is on the estate of the l>uke of 
i)t. Carlos ; it 8eUs ouly for 3/. lU;. per pipe. Mr. In^lis thinks that ait 
English merchant going with wine staves to La \fancUa, jnst iHrfore the 
vintage, might secure some of the finest tvines on earth, suitable to the 
English t-aste. From Valencia the Bern Carlos is exported to mix witli 
Claret and Port. At Alicant fine ' Vino Tinto," rL'd sweet wine, is grown ; 
it comes from the t'mtUla plant. Here from the extreme heat and drinc&s 
of the climate, extensive reservoirs aro made, and the vines are irrigated. 
Murcia produces chiefly vins de liqueur. Andalusia is the proviuce where 
the wines esteemed by foreigners are made. The Tinto Hi Kota is a good 
red wine — they flavour their wine here with fruit j the one in which 
cherries arc mixed, is called Gubtdre ; they also put roasted pears into 
uinc, hence the saving. 

El Ttni> de )u peru 
Dale a c|akD hien qaienu. 
Give the wine of ]>car8 
To him, who jour love b«iirs. 

Tlie Malaga Xercs approaches the real sherries in cxceJIcncc : the 
Americans trade much with ttiia city ; they have given aa much as 2U()/. 
for a cask of old Mahiga Sherry. Of Shcri-j' from Xercs, about -lO.UOO 
pipes was mafic in 1H29, alxnit 18,000 butts were shipped, rar\in(; from 
Ihl. to ()S/. the butt. Urown Sherries are made hif boiUny. the dilferewt 
shades of colour are ;dl produced by mixture of boUed wiae, and tlierefore 
the pale arc the most pure. A butt of pale Shcrr)- is reduced by boiling 
to a fifth (Nirt, by wliirh time it has acquired its deep rich bmvni colour. 
The boiled wine is made from & cheap grape, aud is >used cldelly for the 
English markets ! with the addition of some Cape xcine, and other cheap 
ingredients. Sherry sells in England from j8/. to more than lOUA the butU 

Paxaretc is made at an ancient monaster^' near Xercs. The red Tiulo 
di Rota (Tent) is made at a vineyard five leagues from Cadiz, of a grape 
that is said to Ik; coloured all through. The Spanish wines are now 
encroaching much on the Portuguese, and arc expected to rival the finest 
produce of France. Vidonia is a Tencrinc wine : it is a corroption of 
Verdana, a green wine of good body exported to the West indies, and 
grcAtly improves by age in warm climates. The Canaries send us sboat 
1,000 tons of wine yearly ; they iirc inferior to the gronih of Madeira. 
In Ashley's Collection of Early Voyages, is one by a person named XicoU ; 
he lived eight years iu the Canaries ; he says the Island uf Tereriffe pro- 
duces three sorts of wine, Canary, Mnlvasia, and Vcrdonn, which may all 
go under the dcuociination of 'Sack." The term of Sack, therefore, was 
applied neither to sweet nor dry wines exclusively, but to Canary, Xeres, 
or Malaga. In old Spanish Dictionaries, Sack is given — " Vino de Canaries ;" 
kcnce it was Canary Sack, Xercs Sack, or Malaga Sack. — This for the 
Shakspearc Commentators. 




Historjf of Wat9. 



[Aug. 



We have no time to rtop on the bank« of old ftithcr Rliine,* or take a 
llong ^M& of his Jiiliannisbcrg, or his Kudisbeim, or liLs uot le«8 illaiftriou 
rI{o<;lilt(;iui ;| but jiist BualJowJiig araiull KalfpiDt of Au(£i'iisiiciairrwitbour 
KCcUcDt friend J*rofes8or U'yUebach of 'I"rcvc5, " s^vtctfr tlian Virgin "» 
nilk," (licb freuco milch) ue {tass on, bappy that wc need not stint oar- 
elves in quantity, as goat is nnfmotm on tie &an^j> o/ the Rhinr, and 
Tinuin MosclUiium, est in omDi tcoiporc saDum," and so wc may take oor 
'^At^iDHohiiuscr or <jnienhii(t5cr as we like. We [josh orer Stritzcrland, just 
ripping a giosd of tiie Cliiavcnun of tJie (jrtiiotis. and llie la Munjuc of 
rlblartigny ; and tJic 'Wine of Blood' which ISmle boasts, made oil the 
fivXA where, in the time of Ix)uis Xl^ 1,600 Svritzers met 3U,0UO French, 
nd fell at lei^h only of fatigue And lo .' we &nd oursd^-cs ia the Land oT 



ng— 



-OVr Ihp Alpff «vt' fly 



Fir*tl with iflcu of fur Italy. 

The best wines arc in the kingdom of Naples. The Laeryma Christie 
. its iinnie imports, was a xin de Liqueur, sweet, rich, and of exquisite 
Davour. What is usually im{M>rtcd or drank now, is of Tcry i&ferk>r 
Du:i1ity, the best 18 grown at (iulitta. Vino Greco i* of a Guc colmir, and 
Bch perfume, grown near Vesuvius. In tlic Komao States, tlic .\lbiuio is 
good : and the Moulc Fircone. grown near the Lngo Bolscua, called from 
a well known story, ' Est Est.' Or^'leto provinces fine Mnscariines. If we 
believe tlic proverb, Viceoza was once noted for its grape.— "The wine of 
Viccnza, the bread of Padua, the tripe of Treriso, and the courtezans of 
Venice" — were formerly said to be the best of their kind. They now seem 
all gone, except the tripe ; the wine has become acid, the bread sour, and 
the Venetian Indies a little musty. Thank Cio<i ! the triiio still holds good. 
Tnscany is the country of the vine (the peasants* oath is * Cx>rpo di Bacco I)' 
nd the management of the vineyards is more attendetl to thnn eleewberc. 
lie red wine of ChioHti is drank by alt English travellers; the .Mesllco is 
t rich red Muscadine. The Monte Pulciano has hlUd an immense number 
^ the clergy i and though a Vino Santo, should be n%'oided by all who 
Besire to attun a fat bishupric. Red Florence wine used to be commonly 
' D{Kirted into Kngtand in better days. See our old plays and journals ; 
bow not a cask comes, nothing but that infcninl (>ererftgc denominated 
*Port-* Asti affords a delicioos effervescing wine. The Marsala of Sicily 
' 1 a good wine, until brandtedfor us : and there are numerous ^-intages, rery 
J, but totally unknown, scattered over that delightful country. But 
^revcnons h iios moutons ! ' let os come to Portugal at hist- Tire varietiea 
'of grapes in Italy are endless ; the Mamnolo at Florence ; the Canajwmi, 



■■■nrel 



* Thp vineyard* nn tlie Rhine arc very sneirnt : tiy gome writer* tlirir introduction 
anribntrd to the EtnpRnir Prubua about the yvar^O. At CoUmtz the toil flrMt 
<me« well aiUptvil In the tior. We will fcive the i|iui]ityof eotl oo wbacb BsccfclU 
loves to linilil hill bowrn. I>Cf-om[>(>»ed g^rnnitu and [|ikar1z u highly fA«oar»bl« wUh 
Marl minetcd -mith |Khbit» — dolenite — viri('i;at(;d iiandxtone in dccompo- 
Shell marl and uhiatoiu mnrl, yields a furtile »oil for the vine. The Ger> 
the only people who dreas thvir nnec with ttronp ntanvret, 
f> The trae HoclUuim, nnec the i>roprrty of CicaenU Krllcnuaa, wax grown only 
OB dght acrea, each acre producing 4.(>(Ml |ila.ntii : the produce is about twelve cwka, 
worth l!*l>i. each. The Moselle, with a Froiitignan tlavour, common in th« tahlei 
in Londun, is vf the iriittji(^ of Dmunrbrri;. Thvtte wioea arc Iriu acid than 
Sautume, Ihuaac. or the GravEi, and are ant ftravilifd. Tlic age to which the liwflJl 
' wincH keep, a* compared to nil olhrr^t, is uitoucoun tabic ; they are iiOMcuedof 

Titaltty, and act all riralry at dchance. 
2 




I 




^63<.] 



History of Wines. 



129 



n black variety j tl»e Moscatelh from Mosca a fly, from the ancieot 
AplantE wines ; tjic Barbaro$sa or red beard ; tlie Malvag'ia, froiu Greece. 
Tbc ChtaMii comciii Troiu the vtie bassa, ur creeping vine. 

Tbe (iuvcrtimetit uf Kngland^ believing iii the doetriiie of the circulation 
of tiic btoud, and being (lee|>)y sensible about a century since of tlie liuini- 
<lily of our ciimntc, the wlduesH of our stasuus, aud tbe dejcetiou of our 
spirits, with great humanity and consideration, thought it would be to tbe 
advantage of tlic cuuiiuunity tu ^ivvnllow ever aiid anon, certain portions of 
Uifuid fire, to exhilarate their spirits, n.ssisc their digestion, and improve 
their patriotism. Hence the blessed Methoea treaty ^ which effectually 
preventt^ us ever dr'mk'mg Port Wine ; but substituted a synouyuious «ut> 
stance more stiited to mir health and dittposilioMs, formed of fig brandy^ 
logwood shavings, mouldy cyder, elderberries, sid tartar, g\\m dragon, 
sloea, cud- bear, catechu, and alum — a pleasing variety being somctimeA 
procured by oak bark, burnt corn, Brazil wood, privet, beetroot, tunmule, 
and acetate of lead. From these salutary substances the health and 
strength which Englishmen enjoy over people of other cations is to be 
attributed; and this is the great cause of their attacluueut to their native 
country, and to a Ciovernineut no anxious to provide for the health of its 
subjects. ' 11 boon viuo fa boon sangue.' As none of our reader!* probably 
ever tasted Port, we will itifonti thrui, on the authority of Mr, Cyrus Red- 
ding, what it is^" Diuing a few years ago with a diplomatic character 
belotigiug to Portugal, 1 drank Port iVine for the first time, and a better 
wine 1 never believe to have tasted. It was a wine called " Vijdios Scpa- 
rados}" not an export wine. It was not what the French call of 
the first class. It wanted the delicacy of the Ligbcsl wines of France, 
but it was every thing that could be de&ircd — »tomachic, mellow, of good 
strength and colour. It had been brought over from Lisbon out of the wine 
sent there to be consumed by the better classes in the country. It had not 
been treated with eld i: r berries to dt'ej>eu its colour, not mingled with Beni 
Carlos in the Knglish market. No bad Purtuguc-ttc brandy had so far changed 
tbe nature of the wine, that its parent soil would have deemed it an 
abortion." — The increase of imtiortatiou is extraordinary. 

Tuns. 
Wines imported from 1700 to 1710 81,293 

IStJO 1810 222,1(22 

In 1756 a monnjwly nf the wine rountry wa.s given to a Company, with 
a charter obtained through the Marquess of Pombal, whose tvines they 
took in return j and this Comjmny very gr;itcfully created such tt wine as the 
icorid never saw before, es|>ecial]y when imj/roved by their brethren the 
Uierchants in Loudon j so that a vast tjuantily more is sold, than Oporto 
h*je ever been abk to export. Ftve-cigliths of the wine brought to England, 
is «o bad, and is such a medley of Ul Jlavouied heterc^encous substances* 
bad Portuguese brandy, aud other matters, that any person matf increase 
une pipe to tJtrse by the addition of uhej-ciseablc nrticUs^ without any fresh 
injury to the appearance of the wine. Brandy or alcobol never mixes 
perfectly with wine. Hence we drink, not brandy aud water, for that would 
be beamblc, but brandy and wine, a liquor that would have made * Tlior * 
himself drunk, and occasioned many \iolent head aclics in thecelestial 
Halls of Odin. The brandy destroys all distinction between first and 
xeronJ growths. The Company discovered that one class of wine alone 
was beneficial to them ; they therefore hvelUd the superior growth, and 
amalgamated the lehUe wine manufacture into the comtnon hotch-polch or 
CL:.st.Mac. VoL.n. S 




^130 



History of XVuks. 




bruising tub. Frnin tlie L.and'!i End to CaittineitB, snys Mr, Ketldirif;, it is 
mortifying to discover lliat uotliing is to bo met w illi but a coarse braudicd 
product, wliicli iti airy other region but this, wtmld be fiung into the »tilt. 
'In some years, 2"j000 tuns of Port nine have been imported into Enj*- 
Innd, and in them, 162,U()U gnllonH of /lyujV jfrr have been inserted, for 
the Portuguese brandy is execrable. Between 17.">()and I75ij, a pipe of 
the best Oporto wine could he bought for '21. 1 1)«. bo low had these utnes 
fallen. In 17(>7 to 1810 during the war, vtas, the Company's triuuipb ; in 
1801 the importation reached !J8,0(i9 tiintt. For then we fought and 
drank, and dronU and fougVit, 

" Fought all our buttles rVer oKoin, 

Am) Ihrtiv we routed all our foM, ond tbrlce ire slew the bIUd/' 

lu 1831 it fell to 11,639, and we hope it will soon descend to zero. The 
best Port ivinc of the High Donro, is produced at Pezo da Kepiia, and 
resembles C'ote Kolie. Uucellas is a delicate wine grown near Lislwn ; 
and is sjwiled by Iicing brandied. In every way this destmctive monopoly 
acted, not oidy by the wines being spoiled, but by infamously enhancing 
them in price. We have said, a pijie in 17.'jO could be bought for'-*/, I0*, ; 
ntnt, with the quality as bad as rarelesa fermentation and brandy can 
nmkc it, it acWs for 40 to 4.^i/. sterling; thus the English, who arc as 
generous in dispoHition, as noble in principle, and refined iu taste, have a 
penchant, not only for bad, but (good creatures!) for dear winej and tbe 
Portiigncse merchants, assisted by their brethren here, are kind enough to 
Indulge tbein In their taste. Our word ' vile ' no longer includes cheapness 
in its meaning. 1*be Madeira grape is probably the Malvasia grape of 
Cnndia. U'lne was exported from the island before 1460 : the soil is a red 
and yellow tufa, mingled with clay and volcanic cinders. The varieties of the 
gra|>c are Malvasia, Pergola, Tints liaslardo, Muscatel, Vidogna, Cerciiilor 
Esganuacao,&c.j tbe vines are jdaiiled in front of the houses, and conducted 
on trellis work ; sometimes trained np clifsnul trees. Wine is made at an 
elevation of 'JOOK feet ; the Ctr^ial or 'Sercial, is a \Tiriety of the hock 
grajH", it is the last that ripens, only 4.*i pipes of it ore grown. The Tinfo 
is a fine wine retjcmlding Burgundy. There is only one vineyard of Malmsey, 
which the Jesuits hold. The whole produce of the island is about t25,UUI) 
pip(«, of which 3000 are of fine quality ; and about 5000 come to England. 
Sending Madeira to the East Indies is foimd to be an iiseletis ex|>cnKe ; a 
perfect decomiwsilion of the saccharine principle must be producetl by heat 
and inotiou. This mu«t not be done too suddenly, a year is the least period 
1o effect the process, lu Madeira, they plunge bottles well corked into dung 
fenoenting, and in a few months the maturity of a voyage is attained. A 
pipe of Madeira has been attached to the beam of a steam engine, in tUe 
en^nc house, where the tem[)er.iture is high, and the motion continmU, and 
in a year it could not be known fmin the choict-sl East India. Madeira 
has nut yet been drank too old -, it perfec ts itself by age. No adulterntJon 
takes place in that of the first growth ; but almouds and various additiont 
UK used to bring up the inferior growth to the standard of the hrst. 

Wc wiah we had rttoui to dilate on the choice of cellarage, on the bottling, 
corkiojt, an<l prcacnation of wine; to give directions on the proper age 
in which it should be drank, or to discourse on its mellowing, lihe a fiDS 

Iiainling of Titian, under the gentle smile uf Time : — but all this we n 
eave to otbcr and happier amateurij of the grape. We cannot ltoweTC< 
dude without once more impressing on our rcaflcre the extensiit a 
mous practice of adulteration, the disgrace of England^ which calls I 



I 

I 



I 



1834.] ffistoiy of Wian. 131 

the iutiTfcrcncc of government. \Vliy shouM not had wine be censurable, 
tks well as bad ^sh, or bad meat, or bad flour, or ladicii of bad r(.-iJutntioa ? 
Why sboiild not brandied v;'me he branded )' Sherry, u hen imported, U 
mingled with Ca|>e wine and chea]> brandy, tbo washings of the brandy 
casln, sogar candy, bitter aliuoDds, and other ingredients ; and the colour, 
if too high, ia taken out hy lamh'a blood j guiu hcnzoio counterfeits the 
colour of brown .slierrN-. The white is tempered in a laige vat, and sold 
out in bottles of fifteen to the dozeo, on which a profit is made of tweiv* 
tihillings on evert/ docmt sold na pale sherry ; and yet nine mer(:haTits bare 
the audacity to gn to church ; and some have been known even to say 
(trace, befoit; a dinner that they thcmselveii have rendered poisoaoua ! 
i'brcc- fourths of the wines of England, might easily be made v>itkoHt a 
grain of the grape at all. A person of the nauie of Lc Oiand, proposed 
to give wine (not From the gra|)e,) the same apparent qualities as if It had 
been, by citric and oxalic acids. Brandy, cider, angar, tartaric acid, 
logwood and elderberries, and alum in due proportions, wonld make a 
beverage not distiugin9hable from a vast deal drank in ttiiK cuutitry, under 
the name of M-inc -, in fact, qvantilies are made. Bourdcaux Mine in Eng- 
land, and Bourdcaux wine in Bourdeaux, acarecly rescuililc each otlier. 
The Hermitage and strong nines destroy the aroma, and therefore rasp- 
berr)' -vinegar, and orris-root, are used to restore it, The cheap Claret 
sold in Loudun, h fi-oui a wretched French wine sold at a /nr «oi(* a 

E bottle, mingled with a rough cider, aad coloured with cochineal, and turn- 
9ole. New Claret is baked in the oven to moku it resemble old, and 
Port uine is boiled to tuake it deposit a crust. As for Champagne, the 
Tcry bottles are bought up for the purpose of tilling with gooseberry wine, 
and then corked t« resemble Chain{tagnc. I'he roost wretched wine that 
coald be bought in the country at a franc a bottle, is imported, to t/trow 
cut the uuAe, and fill the bottlen with Champagne from the gotiBeberr^, on 
which a profit of fijty ihillingg a dozen m made. In France, Chani^wigiic 
is never adulterated by the grower, and it could not be bought at the 
vineyard at the price it is offered in London, after paying duty, carriage, 
&c. by the generous vendor at the Colonnade and elsewhere. This is the 
wine that gives rise tu the wit, and the delicate and high pulisU uf the 
conversation at the I^rd Mayor's dinner ; and inspires aucli an ingenuous 
blush, and bestows such a modest retiring grace on the frequenters of the 
suburban tihade^ ut Vauxhall, alwut (he time when ' Cynlhia pales her 
inefftctital fires ; and other fires of a difforcnt kind ariac. V\'e shall now 
end ovr fennrntation, by giving in a clear table, the compound which the 
country wine mcrchantd, and the numerous adverti&ers in I^ndon, pass ofT 
for Port, and the profit that accrues to them from their ungodly devices ; 
2 |Mpe8 of Beiii Carlos, 3H/. ; '.i pipes of Figuems, -IM. ; 1^ pipes of red 
Cape, 32/. j U pipes of strong Port, 7fil, ; I pipe of connnoD Port, fV3l. ; 
Mountain, 60/.; Brandy Cowe, 201.; colouring matter, 3/.; salt of 
tartar, 2,^ lbs. 3 gum dragon, 3ll>6. ; bilberries, berry-dye^ &c. j which 
produces H pipes of Port ; 92U gallouB ; lalue, -lUO/. Thus wc have eight 
pipes o( guj>eriijr Port, made accoi'ding to the most approved plan, which 
stood the advertising scoundrel of a dealer in TiO/. per pipe, every expense 
included, and which if drawn off in bottles, would cost I6r. 9d. per dozen. 
Another approved receipt is, 45 gallons of Cider, 6 of Brandy, 8 of Port 
wine, 2 of Sloea, If the colour is not good, tincture of red sandcrs or cud- 
bear is arldcd ; this may be bottled in a few days, and a teH-x|K>onfuI of 
catechu added to give a crust, llie ends of the corks arc dipped in dc 




y 



r 



eoctions uf BraiU wood, aiul nluoi, oak-bark, elder. Brazil-wood, pnTct^ 
beet, and tnniHole^ arc used at diseretion. W'c can no longer say, ' hi vino 
Veritas ; ' ifac proverb is worn out ; but as we ore willing to leave off in good 
knmoiir, as becoiiietli a lover of the grape, we sliall in^-oke tbc Hpirit of our 
oKl friend, the renowned Panyasi^ ; aud command him to come from tlic 
Elysian Fields, where Port wine is never drank, except at state dinneis of 
the great Infernal Monarch himself, where it Is handed about in asbestnA 
cups, diluted ivith a small q(iatiti(y of water from the Styx, and even thi» 
goes by the name of V^in d'Angleterre. At a judges' dinner, when Minoa 
and Khndamnnthus dine with the King, it is drunk pure to clear the 
brain. Pluto was overheaid hitely on one of these occasions — ' 1 agiee 
with ttH! p-eat and good Dr. Juhnson — Purl for men!' the guests 
smiled — it was a dinner of ttie L;r»iid cross j Ihey all 6eemi-d to add — ' and 
brandy for heroes.' \\c shall repeat some lines of the lireat Poet for oar 
edification ; as it Is evident that he kneiv what u good gla^s of wine vras^ 
aud furtbcr, knew uhcu it wa^ time to leave off. 

Moi^a»', Ktu Aifi»'i'ffos (pifyffvftot^ otrep ertviuv. 
Tois iVrifi, Kiiirffoyffeta Ufa ^^X^ *"' Aiiiroiro*. 
"£f8a re KtiWttrrtu xorot Arbpiiat yiverat oiyov, 

Erif fiiv iriyotf Kfii iirorporos ou'o^' t'lviXdot, 
Aairoc diro •y\vK€\>^it ouK fif irore iri'tfian Kvpaai. 

AAA* ore nt fiaiptj% rptrarj^i vpot firrpov tKuiivut 

Vivirat apyaXcd, Ktxia b' avdpvirotirt ovd^ec 
*AXAa, niwort ftirfHiy yap ^«t yAwnrrpi/io -roTvio, 
'Sr<i^e Taph uytfirr^v AAovok, KOifiiSe b' iratpoiit. 
Aetata yitp, rpirfirrit ftoipris fitXtifheos olfoo 
1livofifyn%t ftit f' tt0pu efi tppetrl Ovft^y aiptr^, 
*E<TflXoTi ri ^evlottri, Kaieitv diftreie rektvrfty, 
AW AwiOi mil leave voXvy irvroy. 

Let the first gobl&t to the Graces flow 
And joyous liours. and him who gave to know 
Tltc goldvn grape; the Cyprian Goddess ctaima 
Tliu second drauciht that in the flagon Dames. 
Sweet is tlie temjieratu cui>, sweet the return 
To our dear homo, ere angry na^nions bom. 
But If thy lip tfirice the capacious bowl 
Hatb emptied, nought thy feelings can control. 
Dark Furies rise, and sorrow comes, and care. 
And ills repentance can but half repair. 
But tbuu, dtscti't-ler friend, the IxilUe done* 
Lead thy comf»Diiins &nfrly home ; then run 
To tliy dear wife, who anxious wails to sec 
Her Biiher husband at the hour of /Arw. 
Kor much I fear your hig three-hnltled men 
Their oaths, their plots, and bcls of five to ten. 
Bat wiser thou, tlie reckoning dnly paid. 
Move off in time, of no police al'raid. 
So may thy nightly revels never know 
The sobering watch-housej or Sir Richard Roe. 



I 




THE RECORD COMMISSION. 
No. 111. ConclMilnl. 

rA« PartUtmntar^ Writs, and tyritt (ifMUUary Service.—S rt>U, 18»7-1834. 

THESE Tolume* form part of one of the moat fxtcDglrc aeiiet of iialillcatiuiui 
mediUtMl b; the late Commiftsioners of Records. Tlic denga originated with Sir 
Fruicls Polj^sve, the Editor of llie*e volumes, «nd wiis intended to comprtbcnd m 
complete coUection of the pxiating Records in any degree relatinii;' to the cumpusitina 
and proceedings of the dehhcrativo portions of our Legislature, from the cartieftt period, 
down to the ncceulon of Htsnry VIII. 

In a pB|ier kid bufore the CommuMioners In the heginnins of the year 1623. Sir 
Francis Pnljjmvr, then ^Ir. Cohen, thslniled a geneml outline of his plan, stH) recoui- 
tneaded the pubhcution of idl the Parlioiu^nt&ry Petitioas and Rolls, and all Records 
of proceedings in inferior Conrtn, but which had originated in Parliament, or before the 
the great Council, whow jurisdiction, he stated, iraa blended with that of the Lordii of 
Parliamenl.BoatitobeiicarcflydislioguJababletherefrom. Mr. Cohen furthcrreprcspnted 
thnC these rifK!nnientA wonld he but mutilated and incomplete, without the addition of 
a comi'lrte scries of pBrUanicntary Writs, cowprobeoding one writ of somnioasT of 
elerflioD, and for wages, nrlating to each Parliament, together with Writs of ProTOga- 
tiun and Rvsummons. He abo statrd that " Lists or Calendars must be added, con- 
tiiining the names uf all who were summoned or nrturncd, and uf tht* niaoucaptora of 
the Commons; and all special rclunu should be jirinted at full length." These 
docamcnts, it was represented, would form a nnbstantive and indejtendcnt portion of 
a work which could b<r begun and completed bjr itself; hnt Mr. Cohen farther pointed 
out, that, inaiimuch as Parliament was a Common Law Conrt, its foundation must be 
aonght tn the institutions of the Common Law, and " as the Inferior LegislatiTe and 
Remedial Caurts uf the Common Law rcHcct the organization of Parliament, the 
dcTeluiimcnl of the rise and prugrcns of theM mesne jurisdictions, will aiford the best 
commentary upon the hiittory of the Supreme Remedial and Legislatire Court io tbo 
Kingdom." Without pausing to inquire into the accuracy of this opinion, which, 
although taken fur granted by Mr. Cohen, appears to be exceedingly questionable, we 
shall merely point out, that the Courts referred to, were the Court Lect, and View of 
Prank Pledge, the I.«ec of the Hundred, Lecu of Manors and Bun^esees in ancient 
dcsDOSBes, the County Court and Eyre, and the Courts of the more considerable 
towns, aa Lundon, York, &c. Tra%-elliag evoo beyond this wide field of inquiry, Mr. 
Cohen recommended the addition of Reeordi relating to Remedial and LeglaUtiTe 
AsaeinhlieH, whrtber called hy the name of Parliament, or bearing some affinity thereto y 
as, for instance, the Parliament of Ireland, the Courts of our Islands in the Channel, of 
the Ulc of Man, and uthi'r similar jurisdictions. Mr. Cohen further profiosed that the 
eontrmpUted collection shoaiJ be completed by an Appendix uf nuiiceUsneoaB matter, 
not of Record, hut illustrating tbo ancient polity of Eoglnnd, under which description 
he ranged, extrwrta from historianii, the Anglo-Saxon Lawv, with an English transla- 
tion, .Vnglo-Saxon Charters, and extracts from the Codes of Northern Nations, 
relating to Instttutiuns and Courts analogous to those uf England. 

The mere aononncemeDt of a plan so extensiTe was sufhcient to ensure its rejection. 
It was one of thtmo Tiiiona of tbo day .time, tliOM TanUics of the imaglaation, in which 
eonteniplative rnvn indulge too freqaently and too freely. Thece brilliant imiua- 
•ibilities look well upon paper, they hare a capdvating appearance, they are ' foil of 
sound and fory,* but they ' signify nothing ; ' — nothing, that is, which the men of oar 
gencraliun can nchinvc. Entangled in the meshes of a wrb so Tail, the ardent student 
toils in vain, liumaa life i^ oot long enough, humia slreagth not strong euoigfai to 





13t 



TnS ReCOBD CoMUISSlON. 



[At^. 



I 
I 
I 



carry ioto ezecotioo tuch mtKlity plans. After i few jtan of exertion, tbe nithuuaili 
pu»M from the BCtne. Irnving behind Mm, u the prodocl of bis dead)}- labour, ^natt 
of ahapclraA and unfialBheil materials, which no other hand can wcani into the fona| 
originally dfitisned. 

linpoaaible of achicrcment, as Mr. Cohen's scbene pvlpably wan, it yet bore thtt 
tmprcBS of talent, and of no ordinary acquaintance with the mbjeet of ParUamcotuy 
Records. Theae cireomstancc* created in the CommiMioaera ft danra to wttian bil 
co-operation in their labonrs, and jvocured a partial aeceptanoe of bis esteui' 
proposiUfi. On the :^ch April IdS'i,!! waa molved. I. That llie Board Jiof 
that it will be desirable to reprint the Rullf of Parllameot. Pltru in Parliament, and 
Petitiuniu II. And to print Recorda of Inqutritiou. and prorccdingB in Courts of 
inferior juriitdictioa, which orifinoted in Parhamenl. HI. Writ* Ivsned by the 
aalhorit J of the Great Cooncil or Parliament. \ii. Writs of Summonii of the Commona, 
and Retnnui, to the rnnclusion of the period rmbmced by the RoIIm, Writn of Vt*gt», 
Prorogation, &c. :^and that Mr. Coben be appointed a Sub-Commi«Nioner for eon- 
dvotli^ Buch work." At a eubwqaRQt meeting;, nn the 4th May, |K!^, the Coni- 
aiinOBen added the following iaHtructioni to Mr. Cohen: " lliat, in iheexectition of 
the film for the publication of the RolU of ParGamrnt, &c,, with snch umtter at may 
be considered explanatory of the fubjort, it may be expedtent to divide the wnr1[ iMo 
period*. I. From the eorlient time lo the close of therein of Kdword II, II. Prom 
tbe weeHion of Edward III. to the dose of the reign of Henry IV. III. From the 
ftOOetttoD of Henry V. to the end of the Parlinment Rolls as now published. The 
Secretary wan directed to commnnicate this reaolntioa to Mr. Cohen, and to adviie 
him |[ener«lly on the snbjpct." 

Such was the tjualilicd acceptance of Mr. Cohen's pUn, and lucb hie instmrtions 
u to the periods Into which his work was to be divided. .So far as it was to be a 
reprint, it was open to precisely the same objections u the Faedera. and the bulk 
and body, the maio-itay, if the cjtpression may be used, of the projected work, 
WIS to consist of reprints. The Parliamentary PIvcito were first published by 
Mr. Vi'iUlun Ryley, a Clerk in the Record OSce In iho Tower, in one volume folto, 
Lond. Kitil. Ryley's materials were principally derived from an ancient book pre- 
•erred in tlie Tower, and known as the VetuM Cotter. This volume is thought, from 
the band.writiDK, to have been transcribed in the reign uf Edward III. It Is dc- 
acribed as fairly written, in folio, on vetlum, and contains entriea of proceedings in 
Parliament iu the following years, vis. 18, 19, 30, 21, *2, M, ffH, 29, 3:i and ."JS 
Edward I. and 14 Edward II. Of its history tliere is no other memorial than tlie 
names of some of its early itosMssors, written on a fly-leaf, and an entry npon the 
Patent Roll for the Cth Richard II. in which it is referred to as a book relating- to 
the Parliament of King Edward I. The orif^inols nf some of the entries contained 
in this volome are preserved in the Chapter House ; of the nthrra we know nothing 
more tlian in conlainc<l in the Vetua Codex. Rylcy adilril. in an Ap[»eudtx, a tetectloD 
of Records from the Close and Patent Rolls of Edward 1. and II. and also some 
curiouH Parliamentary Petitions. His volume is of itrral uoe, and was a highly com- 
mendable undcrUking. A collection of Partiamentiiry Writs was published by 
Prynne, in 4 volumes, 4to. IS.'iS — 64. This work contain). Writi* of Summons, Writa 
lor Kxpenses, and n Calendar of ttuch Writs of Elections and RetumH as he bad db- 
corered. Unjidftle published ' A perfect Copy of all Summons of the Nobility (o (he 
great Conncila and Piirliumcnts of this Realm, ^om the 49th of Henry HI., until 
these present times.' Lend, folio. IGilS. This work was refirinted about the end of 
the last century, and much of iU mattw fa also to be found in the AppendijieB to the 
Reports of the Committee on the Pwmgs. In the year 1765, the Parllameul Rolls 
re publlBhed, in lii volumes folio, at the expense of the public, oader the editor- 



4 




aliiri of Dr. Straehcy and otlwr Icnrnei] persofi". This |tabUcition eomprlaca the RolU 
of Parliament, and alsu tbc PorliamcnUiry Petitioai from G Edniml I., to the rad uf 
tkr reign of Henry VII. Itn donirritii hDv« lately been mach before the Public, aod tbv 
propriety of the Coram issi&ners' acqiii^scencp in Mr. Coliea'i scheme, accnu. by 
cominnii oo&Mnt, to depend princtpally npon the rompsmtlTe correetseu or lnoor< 
rectoess of tUs pubtiealion. Tbr exixtenee of rn^my errors, and tLe omiiiioa of 
many documents, arc admitted oh all handH ; but what are termed errors, arc said to 
be chiefly literal, and to conRiot principally lo deviatinnn from the actual qielUng of the 
Rccurda. rather than in [nist&ken affecting the flense ; and the docimienti omitted, 
have been principally diseorered «tnce the piibLicTititiQ, and were Dot knova to be id 
existence by Dr. Strachey and hi.<4 coadjutors. The pablications of tbc Record Com- 
miifeioners have partaVen of the character uf an ediiio princept : they have exhibited 
the Kecord jiut aii it exiits. with all tbt con tractions. The Editor* of the ParUftnient 
Rolls SDmetime« displayed the pectiliaritie.1 of the Record, and aometimes did not do 
no. This WHS the soarce of some mi^ttakeit in the Eteose, u well na of tboM de< 
viationa from the Record, which extxt in aliiiMla.nce, but do not affect the sense. 
Another ohjcotifn made by Mr. Cohen was, that the Parliament RoUk were without 
an Index. They were no at the time of that gentleman'* propoMils, but an Index 
which had been in preparalton filnoe 17^7. and which ia said to have cost tbc country 
about 10,000/., has been lately published. The se^Tral eompilerfl of thii Index hare 
not had any connection with tbe Hennrd Hoard, and it is alleged that thoae gentle- 
men were ignonuit of the rircuinatance of that Index being in a ftate uf preparation. 
If they were ao, the fact ui somewhnt sinf^ilar. for it is expre«sly stated in the Report 
of the Commons' Commitiee, whoiie recommendationa the Commiaaionera were ap- 
pointed in order to carry into effect, that «ach an Index * had been undertaken by the 
direction of the liouse of Loi'dt, and was then nearly cnmp)ete4l.' Reiwrt, p. Itf. 
If the Commiatdoners were not if^ontnt of this fnct, which indeed we cannot sup> 
pfwe th«n to hare been, it seems scsrcely possible to acquit them of having acted 
inrautiouflly in at once adopting the notion of a reprint, and thus ptampioK the old 
publication with & character of xiselessness, at the very time when the public money 
waa beinie: expended, in order to render it complete. The pnhlicatioii of this Index 
would have afforded them an opportunity of correcting the mistakes in the sense, 
which occur in the work itself, if they had thought proper to take odvantAge of it, and 
a anpplement would hnvc comprised the onotcted documents. Tbc Commissionen, 
howe\er, seem always lo hare been misled by the very expeaslTe ambition of formiDf 
an nniform and dignified series of volnmrs ; it docs not aeem to have entered into their 
imagiuatioDri that they might have been as usefully employed in the more bumhie task 
of completing the works of others. 

Right or wrong, .Mr. Cohen was appointed to hia taak, and proceeded to a general 
search through the Parliajnentary Records in the Tower, the Museum, tho Chapter 
House, and other repositories, lu June, 1825, Mr. Cohen, then Mr. Palgravc, found 
that, whilst the materials for the two latter periods accumulated upon bim, he did uut 
make a corresponding progress in the first period ; and having explained this circnm. 
stance to the Commiasionera, it was determined to publish aome such portiODB of hii 
CoilectionB as roold easily be severed fro'm the rest. The pablicatioD entitled " The 
Parliamentary Writs, and Writs of Military Summons, together with the Records and 
Muuiments relating to the unit and scr\ic« due and performed to tbe King's High 
Cotut of Parliament, and the Councils of the Realm, or affording eviiilenr<e of attend- 
ance given at Parliaments and Councils," wa« the result of this determination . Vol. 
I. was publiahei] in 1827, and contnius the Writs, Ac, relating to tbe reign of Edward 
I., with an extensive ' En5Ush apjiaratus, intended to render the vnlnme more easily 
Vol. II., which contains tbe Writs of Edwosxt II. * ia sclented into thne 





I 

I 



136 Tns Record Cohhi86ion. [Aaif. 

ttrj bulk; Parts or Dlvftiotu. uf which Puts 1. and II. heu date in 1B30; Part III 
in 1834. TIic titne rompri»rd in these rolomcs ia about flfly yrant tlu; nmtbcr of 
|>B|^ thrj' cootaJD is about 4,'4.>n, at which about \,iMi are occupied by the Rrnirda. 
and ttu^ rrtnalDdrr by Ibc ' English apparattu.* Upon looking at theac voliuiic*, wn 
•rr isitardiately stnivk with two rirramstanriff ; ftnt, thu |>Mu1iarity of tbc- period to 
whicb thef refer, aad seninil, th« comprchiuiaiaa or Military as wvU as ParhaoMintary 
Writs. The paint aa to th« time seems almost inoxpticable. In lH2d Mr. Palj;nve 
repR»eiit«d to the Commissioners tluit he was uvenirhclmi>d with matt^ds^r /Ar 
* tmo imittr yrriods,' that is, from tfar acrnuina of Edward III. to the eod of thr Par- 
liiirnl' Rolls ; and hai-io;. from thit rcprrscatatioa, obtained directions to prooeed 
to pim with wjmr »T Otr^r. tivrrw helming cttlUvLitiuA, published in couM^jucacr. not 
the coltections of which be complained, but the concluding; portion of the 'first 
period/ aa to which period he hnd stalcil that he bail not made * a currcsponding pto> 
yfcn.' Tlii»f> Tolnmrs arp numhrrrd 1. and II., and do intimation whatever is gi^ea 
of the earlier documents of a itimilar cbsracirr which are knonu to be is cjdslcncv. 
Perhaps some tittle eiplanatioo of Ihb KBumaly may be fuund in the Prcfaoo to the 
first Tolame, in which it is stated that th« Collection " iocludes nil the Rc4.-ords vhioh 
show the oonstitvent parU of the ancient legislative and rem»liai asacmblics of Eng- 
land, btffinnitty wttk the reign nf Ednmrd I,, ike period tchm tkejfjirtt awnnmed a de- 
fimitf oryvnitatiaa." We hare not space to inquire into the validitjr of this extra- 
ordinary assertion ; in our opinion it is i|uite unfouiided in tutA. ' Tlic dcIiDitr or^an- 
tsatioo' of our Iff illative and remedial aisemblicn may I>e obacnre anil diRicuIt to ascer> 
tain before the rcifo of EdwanI I., but that these aswrmhljcs then Arst awiumcd a definite 
organisation is a mere tlirory of Mr. Palgrate'r, which ought not to have made its 
appearaiMB in a work pubUklied under the authority of Commissi onent, one of whme 
inilmctioDS was, that tht; Editor should not intnxluce any opinion or thctiry of his 
own. Whethrr the earlier d<K-utnents would be found to iiuppurt that theory or not, 
they ought to have bcirn pablishi^d in the proper order of time. The omission to do 
ao kac rendered the work ineomplote, and is a breach of the ComuuKsioQen* inatnu:- 
tiooSi that it was to commence from the earliest time. The Military Writs seem to 
have been publisbed, in like manoer, in cppositioo to the instructions of the Com- 
miaaHmers. T6rj formed no part of the schcnoe originally mbmitted to them ; they 
vera not mentioned or alluded to in tht rosolutiou wfaiofa &e Editor was appointed to 
carry into rffect, and ore irrelPTSot to the object of forming a coUection of ParliO' 
mfilary Records. The ntJlity of the infonnation they contain will not be denied : but 
they arc out of plnre, and most injudiciously inserted in a oillrrt)»o which it already, 
to any the least of it, sofficiently exlcnt>iTe. Nearly tioo, out of the 1,600 pages of 
Roconb comprised in Sir P. Palgrave'a volumes, ar« oocnpied with the Military 
Writs. 

No ona can dispute the importance of the Partiamcotory Writs ; nor shall we deny 
to Sir F. Pstgrave tlic merit uf being an esceediogly careful, and, generally speaking, 
a very iccuratE Editor. Some documents, of which the originals are in existence, 
were pubtivhed from transcripts : but, with those ezccptiooB, Sir F. Palgrave's volumes 
are btKhly crrditable to Itia paioa-takiug dilicenco and accuracy, ^oalities so fre- 
quently wanting in the Editors of such publications, that no opportunity of acknow- 
ledging their existence ought to be omitted. Many of the Records included in bis 
volumes have been frequently published befurr, and «oroc of them have been printed 
twice, and even thrice, within a few year* past, at the public expense. Many are in the 
/Were, many in the fiotuli Snfw, many in (he .\ppcndix to the Report of the Lords* 
Committee on th« Pcrrsge : luii) the illuslrntivc I hit-umcnts, for the iiiaerliDn uf which 
be appears to liave luul tcry little authority fn>m the Commissiontrrs, and some of 

which have hut slight couucctioa with bis subject, hare been cniorfcd, by the inier- 
3 






I8S4.) 



Palgrave's ParUamentarjf Writs. 



\Z7 



tlon of sonic Reronls prirtttNl before, and othcra n-liwK rlt^rly rnmr niUiin llie «ca)jc 
of ulhrr mi-tlibitixl imlilirnliitaK iif tlirC'utnmissinncrs. Inittiet), it M'rm!«tii bcttic foilili; 
of Sir V. P.ilirrave Ihat lit knows uot Vflicrc to rtnt. In hi» oriffinal proi>o«I Hoootil 
wu oJded to Ko-orJ, until, uixlcr lliu uutiun of on (.-ditiim of Parliaincml Kolls, tv 
propoaed Ui« ji'uhUtatiou <if ulinoiit all RecunlK whalsucrer. Tlir cuw tiling ih tmte- 
■lik io hii ilIuAtrati\e Documt-ntti, niuijr uf which ore as oeuiy related to the main 
nubjcct of the collection, as tlic oume of ' Mango Day' 'x to tlial uf ' Jcmninh Kini;,' 
from wliicb, accunlin^ to the cniilitc Knii^Wrrhocker, It look itaoriiiin. If wc prtHrwd 
onwards to Lhtr ' Kni^Usli upyamtus,' tbe »aine foible is (liBcovenible tlicrc; but Ihta 
coDJtitutes M importaDC a portion of the toIuucs, ttiut we must coiuiLder it a Utile at 
laiyj. 

* Tlie Bngliiib appamtiu.* >bj« Sir F. Palgravc. * is intended to render tlic vtilume 
more generall<r accessible. I'cw persons can rend the contntctioas of tlie text with 
fiurllity ; our ia tbu 1au^:ua^e, wbelher Latin or Norman French, cacily iuleltjf;ible, 
eice|>t to those who are arcuttomed to legal |ihraseoloi^. lo the- [Chronolo^cal] 
abstract, the reader will fiud tlie contents of the documcntrt arranged in alpbabctli-al 
order. In the Calendar fof Writs] the tuccesaion of thi; Member) of the Lower 
Houte for eaeh county anil Iwroiigh is asrertntncd by inspeetion ; and whero ilie 
nturaa by Indenture begin, they will be ao arraoged as to exhibit the riirbt» of elec< 
tion ; and in the AlphabeticiJ Digest all the entries rctatiDg to each iodividuat, &e., 
are eom pressed and indexed, cliat the reader, witbont any further search, is put in poa- 
■earioa of all the faetjt whit-li the work contains, and u enabled to ascrrtaia wlicthcr it 
will or will not ht neceMary for him to turn to the test to obtain further iaformation.* 
(Letter to the Speaker, p. 5(1.) To the ' helps* here enumerated, must be nddcd an 
Index of Names ; and over and above that, the public is to be fuTotired with ' Digests 
of places and principal matters,' which arc ni>t yet ptihliHlied. Now really, this is 
ridicDlona. All thi8 * apparatus,' it will b« reuiarkoi), is intended for those who can- 
not nsad Latin or Norman French, who do not underitand the contractions used to 
Records, and arc Ignorant of Irgn) phraseology ; that is to say, for those pensons who 
feel no interest In the matter, and neither know nor care anything at all about it ; 
pradaely that class of readent to whom thew books are of no value whatever, and 
caiiDOt be rendered of any value by e%-en the moBt tempting of all possible Indexes. 
Sir P. Pnlgrave coold nut imagine that tli«8c books would ever become popular ; that 
they would form part of a Library of Entertaining Knowledge, or sopersede the last 
new novel ; and yet, unless that is to be the esse, tliia ' appar&tos' loses all its merit. 
A Table vf Contents, and a good index of names and places, would bare answered 
moat of the pnrpoara of this cnmpliratcd tnachinery, and have reodored thcae volauca 
ju^ M tUFful tn the enmparntively few persons, in every generation, ui whuse ntliniB' 
Itoo tbcy possess any value at alt. But the evU does aot stop at its mere aWurdity. 
The ' apparatus,' as far aa it has gone at present, orcupicii nearly twice a» much space 
aa the printed Kerords, and we arc threatened with the favour of another whole 
viilomr, probably from 5U0 to 1,(>()0 pages, which is not to contain a single Record, 
but merely a new *ap|iBratu9,* In addition to tbiute already pnblithciJ. It ts really 
delightful to roc«t with an author so pre>emineatly desirumi of accommudatiag hts 
works to the v«ry meanest caiiacities as Sir Francis Palgrave ; but wc do Uiijk; and 
tniBt die Record Commisaionera will in futare permit bim to publish hia ' apiHuatu' 
at hia own expense. These volumes have cost, wc believe, mors than 110,000/. of which 
twO'thirds have been exprndud, nut upon the publication of Records, bat upon those 
IMctttiarly excellent Indexes, eipoiHally framed with a view to those readers who are 
%nonmt of Latin, of French, of Records, and of Law. Sir Fr»nd» Fulgravi: lias 
aumcwlicrc said that these Indexes are the most imjiortant purtiun uf the work ; bat 
surely that can uuly he raeaut in llivscuae uftuost iniportant to Uiut, iuaamuch a« h« 

Uemt. Mau. Vui_ II. T 



13g Tuc RECORD Commission. [.Aog. 

Itaffou to have been bettci ptal for ' the EngliiU ipparatus' lUa fw way otbn iwt 
of hi* Imbov, 

The pait of tliewcond rolumo rrcrnlW (mblithec), fosUiDft 1481 |Mg««, bcnde* la 
iDtroiluction ; of tluii «i)ice 1^^ pa^n arc uecu^iicd bj ])arta of thne uubcraat an4 
fsvonritc indrae* ; iba apparently animpartaot rrmoiader of I ij |Mfes raolKnt the 
NomitM Vilbntoi, a Record which, mth lat offence be it wrictrn, fnr eu-eeds in voliM 
the most wuDilerfui iiiiles Sir F. ralgnve evrr fnnwd. The intro^ctiiiD to llii» 
Tolumc, wbicli rrktci principally tu tbb R«c«n'tl, efplains ttc origin ia the followiaf 
wonU I—" The Xomima Ci/Zmni t» a dut.-tinent conuittinff the rttums mule to writa 
tetti-Uat ClipfttuB. Slh March, 9th Edward II., nevfrany iddreaaed (n all the Sheriffin 
thruu^huut Ensland. Btatiny that ihc King wiiihrd to I»e certified how maoy aad what 
hundreds aiid aajicfaulcca there were in the Sheriff'* bailiwivk; how nwtiy aad what 
citice, biiruofha, and towaahipi iherc were in cadt «wh hnsdred or ya|w ta k r , aad 
who wrre the lonia thcrrof ; and the M>hcrjff wai lh«t^oiT coaiBiaitdwl dUii^rollr ta 
Utfana bitajeir or the prcnuie*. no that at hi* next prolfiT at (be E3«-h(H]ttrr, hv mif-\tt 
|tve full infonnaliuB to the Treamren and BaroDs thrrrvpon ; niid the SKrriff for this 
■ffMini was to appear in perton at tlie nctt jiruffrr. •an'cff he should have liceniie to ba 
■hi fit ; thete rtiturM being required in rrlntttpa to the militarv Irvm gnated in Ike 
Parliameot at Liuu'ola, ua the Quinxam uf Saint Itilnnr, :>lh Edward I J., whro it naa 
direrlcd that oot- maD.nt.aj-DU ihould be ratwd by e>i-h township,'' 'llie oripoal 
reltirus, which cisanicii the form of roll*, haie hern all UmL, except those (or DevoOi 
HkhUMez. Salop, Stafford, aud Suiithampton. which arr prriwr^eti amoniJBt Ul»^ 
Rooorda of the Lord Treasurer'a Ketnrtnbranrrr : an oflicul niny whirh was made ti 
the IstHcory VII. has >I»o dl^ppcnrcd. Hwre dtst, b<mrvt:r, twreral traDKr^tta, 
made at virioiiii period*, aome of tlim oofttainftig the ahule Krcord, kod othria con> 
aiating of extracta from it of one or more covatle*. Frum fuor of iLoe tranauripta, 
which nre all more or 1cm inperftfct, the present tcit hm )<rra formed ; three of ibm 
inaMoogat the lUrletanllSS. Not. 'JiHo, 6U7.'ud 4'?t9. aoduni! )«in ihcCha|)ior 
Hoiua ; whether the ori^al* of ihoie ronUict rwu^Jnip; in the Eichoqncr were vx. 
arained in the formntionof the text, does not very claaily appear, and in unaafnalBnam 
It is to Im ff^ared that Ihia rery neccasary caution waa omitled ; if ao, of cotma ths 
value of thi: poblicnlinn ta Tery naterialty det^rravd a-t to thow rosatie*. The im- 
portance of thi» document to to pug raphera aad ifniratapsta ii very strikingly rx- 
fUiaed in a eommunU-alion from the Rrr. Joseph Ilnritcr toSirPraaris Pnlgrave. 
which he hna Lnd the good tut^te to iniert in hi* intrudurdoQ. Althou^^ it in rather 
loof , wo caoQUt forbear quoting it ; bring ijiute inre that our rendeni will peruse wjtb 
ploaaar* the opibiuna of lo conpetent an authorit y r qi lcle. as thuj will be fuoiulf 
wilb practical wiidam and Talvahle iaktmction to all hiitorical inquirvn. 

** Thti wUuu to toiMj^rophy of the ISaniinn Vithinun liaa chicBy in thi*. that wc ftnd 
in il direct vvidcDce of tbc |icr»ons who hM the unallcr uibdi^ifiioDa of the grant 
Utniiiu'trii of a ]<Br1tcul:ir period. M ithuut iu aaaiatutfl, I know not how tbta tofor- 
Diatiua is to bf arrived at in any direct manner, uherc the corruljlive Record, callinl 
Kirkby't Itiqueat, (whiih bcloagd to llui preMdbiE rrtgn) ia nut to be found, and 
i^erv Qu iiifornation of ihv place is to be gallirred frum the Testa de Nc%il, or tba 
Uuudrcd Rolls, Oue (ixi'd periud of Ihta kind n of great inipurtaaue, inasmuch sa 
a single name M an indication of the line tn which the lordtliip i< paiaiui;, and may 
Tory often bo the meaaa of guiding an iiiijuiru' to n aeria of lonla befoiv and after the 
data of ttie Rec<ird iCaelf ; and the dctcnatnin? is whom lU«t |Mtav#M»n lay, ta one of 
tho cliief points in the birtory of the rural )>ttri*hi-a of Kn^ond. In my tntn raze, aa 
Domesday waa the liriit resort for the caiUcat (lenoil, ^o wat llf Nomina Villarviu 
and Kirkby'a Inquest (cupie» of which valuable re'^nrd fur \orkBliirc exist) fur the 
•ccoud (wi-iod. aud lo ihew whom or what liltnihes tbr grrnl tcueiiU In chiif bad 9ub. 

Uuur tcDorei. EecoBnewu tbeu had to the UaadrcU BaUs. 



^ 



* 



Palgrave'e Parliamentary 

(he Trsts, the laqoiiilioBs, and then to tht- Monutic Chartularicn. uid the other 
BOurm of wlist we may cull, iu rfrntrntliiitiiicf ion to that dirrct Kod pontive evidence 
which the Somina, the Ttafa, ttc. afford, the iudircot ud cuubI informatinn ; and 1 
know not how any person, who id eu^ga^d in invc«ti|^ting the topograpliicAt hiotory 
of the ii)ustr)r, can proceed in r mitmer mure lilccly to give him latisfKctory rcsultat 
or how he cut Iwitcr arrive at the early Imlorf of the lower feudal Uioanrtcit of EngUad. 
IVrhapf there mxy be thoac v)io may not think tlieac tcoancirs worthy an invc&tica- 
tiim ; I ran only uy I am not of ttie number, and that I Look to the time whrn we 
flhati have all tJirsc linr^ tmrrd «a completely M the linn of the superior tenoncica 
out of which ihry hate isnufil.'* 

The remuneration of Sir Fritirli* Pnlgrave for bis editorghip of tliis work has fortncd 
■ rery promincDt nod important »ul>jrr1 of di-ipulc, and liaa jually orcaaioned general 
diatiatiif fact ion. lie wak originally a|tpainifd a Suh.Commiaatoner. nt a valiury of rilKl/. 
ptrmHmmm, which wm paid to him up tot lie year lR.t2; over and above thiK salary, he 
wuallowed. up to the mme time, the following Kumiifor cditnrial labour — for corre cting 
proof sheets, one guinea per ahect ; for cditorahtp and eoUattng the text, two guineas 
porEhcet; for making the ralentfir of writs, two gulneaa »nd a hulf per sheet ; for 
maluBg the chronologti-a) abalrart, three iwiindtt per aUeet ; for making the ind^M 
N*mmmmt two goineaaand a half perwhcrt; and for making the digrat of pcraona, 
places, and principal matters, three pounds per nheet. He was altiQ paid aalariea for 
two rlrrkf, and was reimbursed ht* payments for fitntionerj, traavcripl^, and other 
eipnaes. From all these Bonri-^ii it apprnred, that from thr period when Sir F. Pal* 
KtBTe began to print, he had. by fl>i4 ingenious di\i&ioD of liia laliuur, and in eoaae- 
queaee of the gi-pat extent of hi« Englinh appAmlnf, received from 1.300/. to l.MOO/. 
per annum oul of the [tuhlic pursue. L'jkiu nil the informAlion wlurh tlic pubtin could 
obtain, it waa exi^redin^Iy doubtful uhvilicr the l.'om'mii'>ioncrft had at first coa- 
tempUlcd t;ivin^ Sir F. Pstgrave any remuneration beyond his salary, and. whether 
advantage lud not been tjikcn of the facile dixpontion of the Cumraif ilonrrt to superadd 
the other charges. At any event, no one could understand the propriety of paying Sir 
F. Palgrave a handsome talary, MS well RS a full, even Ifnot on rxiravagimt remuneration 
per sheet for his editorial lalinurs. Sir F. Palgmre made a bard fif ht upon this point, 
■ad evpccially ooutended that he, being a bnrristcr, ouffat to be paid b» for legal labour, 
wmA aot for literary labour. The publie. who no-rr will nndereUnd tlieiic very ftno 
tfatinetiODS, thoae;ht be ought to !•« j>iiid for what he did armrdin^ to Its real valne. 
aad not at the rate of payment which wo«ld hare been applicable to the exertiwn of 
other talents upon an entirely different and more important subject. If Sir fr. Plil- 
gravc either wholly or partially abandoned the practice of the law, In order to become 
an nntiquiry, he at the Dame time abandoned the right to be paid nt any other mta 
than thnt which suited the importance of bis adopted calling, and, unfortunately for 
Urn, the pnldio do not eoD»ider that the labours of the antii[uary and the index -maker 
demand a rery h^ order of intellect, or deserve a very costly remuneration. The 
Parliamentary Writs themselves are docunienta of great hitttorical value ; bnt Sir T, 
Palgra\e'» labour" wiih respect to them, and for which alone be ought to be nrmano> 

trat«dt are thom of a careful editor and compiler of iiideirs ; — taboura which left him 
lemire fi»r the exercise of the higher puwera of his mind, in the comjKisitioD of hU 
History of the Conmionwealth. hit History of the Anglo-Saxons, hia artiRleH in the 
Quarterly Rt*%-iew, and other works, for which he bad no doubt been hondsifrndy pAid 
by his publiitlier. Thv present Commisrioners have ftsed tbe emi>ruineiits of Sir F. 
Pajgrave at 1.,(HI0/. per annum, with an untie standing thnt, in rase of his nitccerding 
to any situation ax a keeper of records, the emolunicnls of such an appoinimrot will 
go in reduction of hiit salary under tbe Board. 



I 



N 




140 



Anglo-Sason Scholars, — AHcient Taptftry. 



[Aug. 



Mr. U&itAN, Ojfont,Jttly sn. 
YOUR old anti hisbly rstccracd 
work ItKiks rxc€<-Uini:ly well iit it» 
new (lrc«s. As nuicli tutL' i» dis- 
pUycd in the illustrations and in the 
whole arrangcmi'Qt, I hope thai the 
ii»ual flound judenietit will he* cxer- 
cihcd in the nplection of valuable 
articles. For more than a centory 
your work hait bwn thr nnfc rcponitory 
of snuntl and ust-ful infortuotion ; the 
tnicfnend and able advocate of Church 
and State. Like o fmrtifying stream 
it has silently benefiti-d the estates 
thro«{;h which it ha« copiously lluwed. 

LaUtaret Ubctar in omnrvolobllii) lerum. 

There is however an article in your 
No. for April la»t. in pa^ 391 . which 
i» to Hipiiant, so conBdcnt, and yet ro 
incorrect in its statrtnrnl«, that it 
evidently emanates from a mere tyro, 
and hii9 by accident slipped into your 
pagr-i. In my opinion it is only like 
a little muddy bnxik which has no 
other effect than, for a short space, to 
di»coliiur your steady streatn. Still 
the pedantry and, I wilt add, the in- 
justice of this article has didpleaaed 
many of your old supporters, who ore 
iiidignaut at the manner in which 
some of their friends hare been un- 
necessarily attacked, and have deter- 
mined to act upon the defensive in 
other periodicals. I bare hitlierto re- 
strained them by observing that Mr. 
Urban in just, and will gliidly insert 
any of their rcniarkii. As they have 
not yet replied, I take up my pen to 
convince them that yon will do justice 
by allowiiif; a dL'fi'iice equal circahi- 
tioo with the charge. 

Forgetting the important caution 
yviaOt atavrvf, ahd over confident in 
bis imaginary powers, your corres- 
pondent accuses Angln-Saxun scholars 
" oftlic most inrnmpt-tent ignorance," 
and " of committing such blunders as 
would if iterpetrated by a lioy in the 
second fnirn of a Public School, have 
richly merited and been duly rtpniti 
by a lil»rral apiilication of ferula nr 
direr brich." I believe it will not t>c 
difiicult to prove, in my ocxt letter, 
tlmt these remarks are more appli- 
cable to your correspondent, llifui to 
rhnse to whom he would wish to 
apply them. Being antiuut. fur tlic 
cause of truth thai tbi? Lcii.'i nIiuuM 
apiH-ai ui y«ur Nn. fnr AuRUst. I will 
only add. that I am, Yours, ice, 1. J, 




S»ri»sJMd, near CMm»/ard, 
Mr. I rdan, Jhm* I. 

AMONCiST a few pieces of aucieut 
tapestr}' in my possession, of the date 
of Ilciiry VUI. is one about IC feet 
long by 10 feet hi^h ; it is divided 
intu four comf>artmcnt» by columns, 
and two flat orches. The' first sub- 
ject {over the tirst arch), represents a 
king sitting, with a »ccptre to his 
hand pointed downward : at his right 
hand kneels the queen, holding up a 
picture representing two lovers, whom 
it ap]>ears she was accusing. On the 
Iclt hand, a princeim is kneeling, and 
soems to vindicate the lovers. Behind 
these.arc three men and three women ; 
one of the women ha& a French hooil 
on her head, and is probably the fe- 
male represented in the picture. The 
second subject (under the first arch) 
Represents a constable with a loag 
staif, a young man kitceling before the 
king, queen, and princcsH. a group of 
men and women ^landing. One of 
the men appears with wings on his 
shoulders. In the back-ground liehiml 
the kmg, is ?;pen the woman with the 
French hood. In this and in the first 
subjiTt the priacesft has her raantJe 
omamt:ntcd with heart«. 

The third subjixt {i. c. over the 
second arch) represenbi a knight on 
a wintscd horse with a Hword, attack- 
ing a linn, while the woman with the 
French hood is sii-n holding a club in • 
the act of striking the animal. In 
the back-ground, the king, the queen, 
the priucess, and a young man are 
lookmg on with astonishment. 

The fourth subject is perhaps the 
most curious. The king, queen, and 
princesH are riding upon camels with 
highly enriched bridles studded with 
pearls and jewels. The king with a 
sceptre ; the queen has a bow in her 
right hand, and at her side bangii an 
omaraentcd Turkish scymetar; her 
camel is coveral with a richly em- 
broidered cloth. Behind the camelH 
follows a knight on horseback with 
rich trappings ; before them in the 
picture, appears the woman in Uio 
French hood, who seems to be de- 
ranged ; she is pursuing them oq foot, 
and lifting up n branch nf a tree; she 
wears a rich chain compoiicd ufjcWcU 
and pold ^jmnclefi, the same also 
ruuud her waint, which Is faintly 
n'pieecutcil in tlip third i-ubjccl. — 
Amaa Icatliug the cauicU appeals to 



1834.] Bruslalhii* Statws of the Protesttat Reformers. 



141 



^ 
» 



be frightened kI the violent action of 
the woman. 

Perhaps »omc of your Corwapon- 
dents nmy favour UB with an occounl 
oflhc subject of the t»i)C»trj'. 

Burder in his Oricntai Customs 
(No. 713). makes a curious obiierva- 
tioo. which this piece of tnpcstrj- illus- 
trates, as the camcU are rcpcc^Qteil 
with rings on their noses. 

" liuuftli xxivii. "2*1, I «rU/ put wy 
htyik in tki/ note. It w oniial id the Etut 
to fiutea no Iron ring in thr ntw« of tbr.ir 
camels and hQffaloc», lo wbifli they tic a 
rope, hy means of «hich they manage 
these beast!!. Gri^il U here 8[>eakin£ of 
Snuaeherib. Ving of Anyrto, under the 
ima^ of a fitriuos, refrat'tory Ixrast, and 
aecvrdin^ly. in ullasinn to fhin cinrara- 
ataace. tar*, t wiU put mj/ hook in tAg 
RO*e. — Shaw's Travels, p. 167. Sm' 

Ban." 

In nut old mansions, we oecasioii- 
allv meet with ancient laiM-stry, but 
they are rarely to he found of so enrty 
a period as the reign of Henry VIII. 
They arc generally foumi in a dirty 
state, and the colours murh faded. 
The fignres represented arc frequently 
out of drawing, and the faces dis- 
lorteil. Uut in apitc of these defects, 
the cuitume of the figures is very in- 
teresting, the draper)- in good taste 
and welt sliaded. The sky is sub- 
dued, and does not distract our atten- 
tion as is tno often the case in land- 
scape paintings. To perceive the 
beoaty of ancient tapCHiry, it should 
be viewed at a distance — as the author 
of the Athenian Oracle says, (Vol. IV. 
p. 215). 

" For rare and excellent prrKons are like 
tapestry, which •ecin more beautiful afar 
of than acar." 

John Anav Reptok. 



Ma. Uan^K, July 18. 

I IIAVIC lunked with some anxiety 
through the works likely to contain 
inforinatirm in any wny satisfactory. 
res|it>cting Carvers in Wood, a branch 
of art which appears to have been on- 
accountably overloiikcd, hy our ency- 
cluiMcdists and biographers of artists. 
How few of the talented men who 
designed and claburaied the complex 
and nicely-cxccuted Mails, thnmeR, 
scr«CQ«, and other works, orn.inn-nt- 
infC our calUtdrals aud fhuichia, are 
now commcmoi atcd in out dictionaries 



and works on art! Even the once 
famous Grinliag Gibbons, an Knghsh- 
nian, seems to be almost forgotten by 
his countrymen. 

I am led to these remarks from hav- 
ing lately seen, at Mr. Kllin's, John- 
street. Oxford-street, an CKtraordinary 
collection of carved statues, ns large as 
life, which, from their excellence as 
works of art, appear to me well Kuiied 
for oar Nntiunal Gattety, the splendid 
rooms of the Uritiah Museum, or the 
decoration of some other public boild- 
ing. 

Those admirable figures arc the pro- 
duction of Brustolini, concerning 
whom there is little or nothing oa 
record, but who, had he never exe- 
cuted any thing begides the objects 
under notice, haa certainly immortal- 
iz«l himsetf hy the work. 

These curious statues originally 
ornamented the library of the charcli 
of St. Giovanni e FaoH at Venice, 
whence they were removed by Unna- 
|>artc, and were ultimately secured by 
an individual, and lately brought to 
London. 

They arc twenty-five in number and 
are a» large as life, representing the 
most celebrated reformers or disinters 
from the Romish faith. They were 
placed in manner of Carj'atides. to 
support a heavy gMlery ; and I>e8i<lea 
this mark of degraihition. they are ex- 
hibited under the sufferinBis which 
their heresies are presumed to have 
brought on them in the future state. 
This singular design has enabled the 
artifit to throw the most energetic and 
expressive action into the figures, 
w^hicb is accnmplishcfl without im- 
parting any thing of a repulsive cha- 
racter. The attitudes and expression 
are strikingly varied, from tiojiclesa 
despair to violent mge and remorse. 

The portraitn, as far as they are 
known, present accurate likenenses ; 
the costumes arc disposed with great 
skill, and the semi-nudity of the 
figures, has afforded npfmrtunity for a 
surprising display of muscular effect. 

The pedestals represent the features 
OS they would apprar when death had 
rloswl their earlhly pilgrimage, and 
are affecting acccsMiries to tbe group. 
On the brcuBtof each is nn in»eriptian 
(klttiling the heretical crimes of which 
he was cuilly, with a poTiipous ac- 
count ot tlioK who coofuted him. 



d 



136 Tn£ RscoRO Couuissiun. 

verr bulky Part* or OlvUooi, of whidi PnrU I. Had II. beer A»t« in 1B30 ; Vurt III 
in Iri34. 7^11: timr rDmpriwd iu tlinc vulutnc* in Rbont fifty year* ; tlu* Dumber of 
yv^ thry coatain in about 4,-4.t(>, of whiclj alxiut 1 ,4)(X> are occopiM by tiic Rccurd«, 
sDtl tlie rrnuinder by Utc ' Engli&li «)>p«rattu.' U*)iod lauking at time voluniet, we 
arv [mtacdiately ftrnclc with two drcumslaBCCi ; flrit, tlic peculiarity of iLv ptrriiul to 
wliicb tbcy refer, and second, the comprcben^ion of Military a« well as Pnrliampntary 
Writs. Tb« (loint as to tbe time *nms almost iuu^ilicoble. la M^j Mr. Palgrau 
reprv-Mntcd to the Comoaissioners ttuit bt? wu overwhelmed with material /or f^gj 
* two UUtrr periodt,'' that is, from tbe accesaion of Edward 1 1 1 . to tlie cud uf the Pir- ' 
Ummcfit Rolls; and having* from tbat represeatation. obtained dirtctioDs to proaeed 
to prvM with tome of these OTcrwttalming coUections, publiiibed in consequence, not 
the coUectioDs uf which be cumplaLncd, but tbe concluding portion of the ' fir»t 
period.' as to which period be hnd ttated that he )iad not nutde ' ■ corrcEjioiidiu|; pro-^^ 
great.* These volumes are iiumbcnHl 1. and II., and 00 intiaution whatever is giveMfl 
of the etiUer documents of a ramilar cboractor which are knoivn to be in rzistence. 
Perlups some little explaostion of this anomaly may t»e found in the Prcfaoo tu the 
first Tolume, in which it is stated that the Collection " iacludea all the Records which 
show the coiutitaeDt ports of the ancient legisUtiYe and remedial ai«emhlics of Eug. 
land, liegittnin^ trilh the rfigni^ Rdvard t., tht period teAen tAfy _firtt e*aumed a 4*' 
finite orffonixatioa." We bare not space to inquire into the validity of this extra- 
ordinary assertion ; in our opinion it is quite unfounded in fact. ' Tlie definite organ- 
ixatiun' of our legislative and remedial assembliM may be obscure and difficult to ascer- 
tain before tbe reign of Edward I., hat that these assemblies thou tint astnmcd a definite 
oi^anisatian is a mere theory of Mr. Palgmve'a, which ought not to have maile iu 
■ppearaoae in a work pQbLi.tIirtt under the authority of Comnuauoaer^. one of wboae 
instructions was, that the Cililur tthuuld uut introduce any opinion or theory of hii 
own. Whether Che earlier documents wonld Im> found (0 support that theory or oM, 
they oojtht to have been published io tbe proper order of time. The onii^aa to do 
to has rendered the work incomplete, and i» a breach of the Commissioners' Ittttrtic- 
tions. that it was to commence from the earliest time. Tlie Military Writs teem to 
have been published, in like manner, in oppueiliuu lo the instructions of the Com- 
miationers. Tbcy formed no part of tbe MUieme uriginally Hubmilted to them : they 
were not mentioand or alludixl to in tbe resulutiuon wlituh the Editor wiu appointed to 
carry into effect, and are imrlevant to the object of forming a collection of Porlia. 
vttntary Records. The utility of tbe information they contain will not be denied ; but 
they are out nf p1a(«, and most iojudicloujly luseried iu a collection which is already, 
to uy the leaat of it, suffiL-iently extensive. Nearly (iCNI, out of the l.titU) pogea of 
Records tximpriscd in Sir F. Palgrave's volumes, aiv occupied wiih tlic Military 
Writs. 

No one can dispute the importance uf the Parliamentary WriU ; nor shall we deay 
to Sir F. Palgrave the merit uf being an exceedingly careful, and, generally dpeaking, 
a very accurate Editor. Some documents, of which the originals are in existeocef 
were poblitihcd from transcripts ; but, with those exceptions. Sir P. Palgrave'sToInmes 
are highly creditable to his pains-taking dili^ruce and accuracy, i^ualities ao fre- 
quently wanting in the Editors of such publications, that no opportunity of acknow- 
lodging their existence ought to be omitted. Many of the RrfMnls Included in his 
volumes have been (rcquently published before, and some of them hate been printed 
twice, and even thrice, within a few years past, at the public expuuftc. Many are in tlie 
J^edera, many lo the Jtotnii Sectiie, many In the Appcndiz to tbe Report of the Lords' 
Committee uu the Premge-, and tbe illustrative Documents, for the inM»-tioa of which 
he to have hod very little authority from tlie CommistiDncn, and some of 

Moncction with his subject, haw been enlarged, by the infer- 



I 





» 
n 



183'l.) i*ul*fTave's Parrmmeatartt Writs. Ill/ 

lion of snmr RernrtU priiitfil before, nml others whiuli cU-arly cuinc wiUiin (lie ^co\^c 
of other nitditntfd iniblk-atianE uriltcCoirnibtsii>ncr5. Imlectl, ilsci^iiiKttt'lHr thr fnWiXa 
of 8ir F. Palgravc Hint hekoowa not where to re«t. In his orij^o&l pro|)oMl Rn-ortl 
wtu added to Record, uDtiL, uoiler the notion of aa cditiuit of PatUaniout Rull^i, hu 
[•roposed the publication iif nlrnunt all RMtonItt whatsoever. The same thing is trace- 
able in hi4 ilhistretive Dooumrnta, many nf vhich are as nearly related 1o the luaia 
subject of the coUttrtion, as the naaie of ' Maniro Bay* is to that of ' Jcremiali KJnK,* 
frota which, aocording to the erudite KnifkertNjfker, it ttiolc its oriftiQ. If wc prmwed 
onwards to the 'Eni;tiNli apjiaratiui,' the samn foibh- is dlttooTcnible there; but ttiis 
oonstitutes so important a portion of thit ToliUDeB, that we must considfir it a Uttie at 
Urge. 

* The BQj|;li9h apparatos/ mjts Sir F. Palgrave, ' is iotcncled to reader the TO)ume 
Binrr> jrenerallj aooessible. Few persons ran read the contractions iif the text with 
fsrility \ uor is tlie longiiagei whether Latin or Nomiin Frrncli, easily ititclli|;ible, 
except to thofte who arc accustomeil to Irgal phTawvlogy. In the [Chronnliijpciil] 
abstract, the reader will find the contents uf the doL-uments arranged in alphabetical 
order. In the Calendar [of Writs] the nuccounon of the Meinbcra of tho Lower 
Hoiwe for eneh county and horougli u osMrtained by innpeetion ; and where Die 
returns by Indcntnrc bcfin, they will be so arranp^d as to exhibit the rights of elec- 
tion ; and in the Alphubetieal Dlf^st all thi; entriei! rvUting to each individual, Ace, 
■re eompreated and indexed, that the reader, without any further aearcli, ie put in pos- 
•cwioD of all the Hci* which the work contiiinn, and is enabled to ascertain whether it 
will or will nnt he necessary for him to turn to tlii! text to obtain forther informalinn.' 
(Letter to the Spc:«kcr, p. .iB.) To the ' htrlps' here enumerated, must he addrd an 
Index of Names ; and over und aliove that, the public ifi to be faroured with * Digeata 
of places and principal matters.,' which are not ytil puliliHhed. Now really, this Is 
rkUralaus. All this ' apparatuii,' it will be remarked, is intended for thoH: whu can- 
not read l^tin or Normuu French, who do not undenitand the contractions uaeil iu 
Recordit and are igoomat of Iv^ pbnutcoloj^ ; that is to say, for those [tcrsoDs who 
feel QO interest in (he matter, and neither know nor care anything at all about it ; 
precisely tltat cjass of readers to whom these book* are of no value whatever, and 
eannut be rendered of any value by even the most tempting of all pusathle Indexes. 
Sir F. Palgrave could not imagiue that these hooka would ever iMvome popular ; thai 
tliey would form port of a Library of Entertaining Knowledge, or sujwrscdc the last 
Dew novel; and yet, unless that is tu Ijc the case, this ' apjionittiE' li>scs all its merit. 
A Tabic of Contents, and a good Index of names and places, would have answered 
most of the purpofUMi of ihix eomplicatcd machinery, and have rendered lUcsv volutitea 
just OS useful to the (*nm)wrativcly few {teraons, in every {generation, in whose eatima- 
tioo they posausa any value at alt. But tbc evU does aot stop ut its mere absordity. 
The * a4iparatua,' as far as it has gone at present, occupies aearty twice aa much space 
as the printed Records, and we are threatened with tlie favour of another whole 
volume, probably from 5U0 to l.UOO poges, which is not to eontoia a single Record, 
but merely n new ' apparatus,' in addition to thow already published. It is really 
delightful to meet with an author yo pre-eminently de^rous of nrcommodating hia 
works to the very meancat capacities as Sir Francis I'aljtravc ; hut we d« hope and 

itroat the Record CommiasloBen will in future permit him to publish hia ' api«aratufi' 
at his own ex|>en»e. These volumes have cost, wo believe, mor-j than JO,(KX)/. of which 
tvo.thirdti have been expended, not upoa tbc publication of Records, but upon those 
peculiarly excellent Indexes, eipeciaily framed with n view to those readeni who ant 
ignorut of Latin, of French, of Records, and of Law. Sir Francis Pal5ni>e baa 
somewhere said that theae ladexea are the moat important portion of the work ; but 
surely that can only be meant iu the sense uf uioat iuiportaat to tliui, inaetnuch as he 



I 



» 



I 



I3S ^^^^ HiMtory of Hlxer. ^^^^ [Aug. 

eoclioDS of Brazil wood, and olom, oak-bark^ ekler, BiazU-wood, privet, 
btct, and liirnsoic, nre used at diserethn. We cnn no longer say, ' hi vino 
Tcritas ;■ the proverb h worn out ; but as irc arc w lUmg to leave off id f;ood 
liuinour, as beroincth a lover of the gfrape, we shall invoke the spirit of our 
old friend, the renowDcd Fauvasis ; and command him to come from the 
Elysian FickJii, where Port vriae is never dmok, except at slate dinncis of 
the great lufcrnal Mouareh himself, where it is handed aboot in asbc^toH 
eops, diluted with a atnall quantity of water from the StvK, and even tliis 
IfoeB by the name of Vin d'Angleterre. At a judges' dinner, when Minos 
and Rlmdamanihufl dine with the King, it is drunk pure to clear the 
brain. Pluto was oxTrheard lately ou one of these Dceu«i«>ns — ' 1 agiee 
with the ffreat tmd good Dr. Johnson— Port for men!' the guests 
smiled — it was a dinner of tlie gnind cross ; they all seemed to add — ' and 
brandy fur heroes.' We sh;ill reiKut some lines of tlic (ireat Poet for our 
edihcatiuu ; as it is evident that he knew what a good gloss uf wine wa 
and further, knew when it wan time to leave off. 

Malfiay, cai ^lot'vant ^pifipofiot, otwtp erevlnr. 
Toil ^Viri, Kt/Tpoy^reia 0ra X(i)^e Kal ^(uvvout. 
'EvBa T€ KaWtVTot vStos af^pfiffi ytrertti uirflv, 
'Krtr ^»- wifoty Kal itirorpoirot olKub' dirrX0oi, 
Aairui litn'o yXviCCfi^s, oui: &y tot€ irfiftart Kvptroj. 
'AAA* or« rtf fioiptjs rpiriirpi iT|>ot utr^mv iXaltvoi 
^\^vlay &/3\rfiivs' rdre J' "Y/Jpiot nloti «i( 'Anft 
T'i»'^r«i &pyn\ed, mvn t* AySavToitn mrafct* 
*AX\«, ir^-roK, fitrpoy yhp ?X*'* y^vKfpoio wttrolo, 
*2Irfij(« irapa ftytftrriir ^Xoyovy KOt^itSr b' eraipoiri. 
Aw.ihta yiipi rmrartjt ftoiptfi ^vXtt'i^evt o'iyov 
IlivofUytfi, fti) a' tjifus t^i ^€ff! Ovftuy hiptni. 
'Eff6Xo7( Tc Ctfiotvi, Kaic^y diftrea TfXevrifV^ 
AW tiwtOt mi nave vo\vy wvray. 

Let the first goblet to the Graces flow 
And joyous Hours, and him who gave to know 
The golden grape ; the (.'yprinii Goddest claims 
The second draught that in the flagoo Aamtt. 
Sweet U the temperate cup. sweet the return 
To our dear home, ere angry passions bum. 
Rut if thy lip Mrice the ra[)BciuuB bowl 
llnth emptied, nought thy fiTling^ can control. 
Dark Furies rue, and oorrow comes, and care. 
Aod ills repentance can but half repair. 
But thoUj discrceter friood, the bottle dont>. 
Lead thy companions safely home ; then run 
To thy dear wife, who aaxiouH watts to see 
J ler sober huHbimd at the hour of /Aree. 
For much 1 ft-ar your big three-bottled men 
Their oaths, their plots, and bets of five to ten. 
But wiser thou, the reckoning duly jiaid, 
Move off in time, or no police al'raid. 
So may thy nightly revels never know 
Tlic aobertug watch-house, or Sir Richard Roe. 



1834.] 



133 



THE RECORD COMMISSION. 

No. III. CtmeladeH. 

The Parliamntarj/ Wrilt, and Writt r^f Militury SfrPice.— S toU, IftST-Ifl.'H. 

THESE votatues form fiu-t of one of the most eitctulvc leneB of poblicatioDs 
IWitUifi il by the late CummisAiuQcra of Records. Tlie design origioatud with Sir 
Frasda Palj^avc, tbe Editor of those volumiMi, and wfut intended to comprebeod a 
votiiiilcte cullectioD of the existing Records iu any degree relutlat; to the ciim|JOsilioa 
and proceeding! of the detibentive portiooa of oar Lc^islatarc, from thcettrtiest period^ 
down to Ibe accession of Henry VIII. 

In II p&}ier kid before the CommLstn oners In tbe beginning of the year 1BS8, & 
Francin Pal^&ve, then Mr. Cohen, detailed a general outline of hi* plan, And recom- 
mcnded the publication uf all the I'arliamentdrT Petitions and RolU, and alf Rvcordi 
uf proceedLnita in inferior Courts, but which had originated in ParliBment. or before the 
Ibe great Council, niioiv junadictioQ, he stated, vru blended with that of the Lords of 
Parliamentt BOOS to be scarcely distinguishable therefrom. Mr. Cohen further rcpruented 
that tbe«e documents wouhl bi> but mutilated and incomplete, without the addition of 
a complete aeries of Parliamentary Writs, comprehendiog one writ of liuinmaos, of 
election, and for wages, relating to each Parliament, together with Writs of Proroga- 
bon and Resummons. He also stated that *' Lists nr Cnlendarn must be added, run- 
taining tbe uamcs of all who were summoned or rctnracd, and of the manocaptors of 
the Commons ; and all special rtturnH tthoiild be printed at full length." These 
docnmentf, it wa.1 represented, would form a Kubiltantive and independent portion of 
a work which coald Ik begun and completed by itself ; but Mr. Cohen farther pointed 
onl, tliat, iniuimuch as Parliament wa4 a Common Law Court, its foundation uiuat be 
aought in the instituboua of the Coromoo Law, and " as tbe Iciferior Legislative and 
Remeilial Courts of the Common Ijiw reHect tbe nrganizatioo of Parliament, the 
iteTelopmmt of the riec and progreM of theM! meene jurindictions, will afford tbe beat 
commentary upon the history of the Supreme RemedinJ and Legislative Court in tho 
Kingdom." Without paiuing to inquire into the accurery of tliis opinion, whichi 
althoQgh taken for granted by Mr. Cobeo, appears to be exceedingly qoestionahle, «e 
shall merely point out, that the Courts referred to, were the Court Leet, and View of 
Prank Pledge, the Leet of the Hundred, Leetd of Manors and Burgesses In ancient 
ilemtsnes, the County Court and Eyre, and the Courts of the more considerabte 
lowns, a» London, York, Ac. Travelling even btyond this wide field of inquiry, Mr. 
Cohen recommended the addition of Records relating to Remedial iiad LegisUlive 
Auemblies, whether railed hy the name nf Parliament, or bearing flOme affinity thereto \ 
t, forinstance, the Parliament of Ireland, tlic Courts of our Islandi in the Channel, of 
the lule of Man, and other sim^ilar jurisdictions. Mr. Cohen further propoeed that tho 
eonlcmpUted eollectiun should be completed by an Appendix of misrelUaeaus matter, 
not of Record, but iUustruting the ancient }ioUty of England, under which di»cription 
be ranged, extracts from historians, the Anglo-Saxon Lavr«, with an English transla- 
tion, \nglo-Snxon Charters, and extracts from the Codes of Korthem Nations, 
relating to luslitutions and Coorts analogous to those of EagUnd. 

The mere announcement of a plan to extensive was snfficicnt to ensnre Its rejection. 
It was one of those visJoDs of tbe day-time, those vanities of the imagination, in which 
cuntemplativc men indulge too ficquentty and too freely. These brilliant impos< 
sibilities look well upon paper, tbey have a captivating appearance, they are ' full of 
■ound and fury,* but tbey * signify nothing : '— ^notbing, that is, which the men of onr 
generatinn can achieve. Kntanf;led iu tbe menhes of a vcb m vast, the ardent Htudcnt 
toils in vain, liuman life i3 not lung enough, human strength not strong enough, to_ 




f 



f 



» 



144 



were delivered ui)on occasions of local 
chanty, the preacher might not deem 
it oeceuttry to stimutuiu the fc«lingB 
of his congresatkin by dwelling at 
length upon " the fundaiacatal doc- 
tnocs of the Christian faith ; " yet I 
wuuld Venture to appeal Ui many juu- 
BBfCA ia thiit volume it:4cl('. aa enibrac- 
iDg the most lumiDous, comprebenslve, 
a/id correct Tiew of tliose doctrines, 
cupressetl in the language of pcr«ua> 
flive elo«]uence, aud in a tone purely 
spiritual, cxliorttog to the practise of 
religious duty, oa connected with a 
stedfast faith in the merits of the Rt- 
deetner. Tticwundncasuf Dr. Lx>wth'B 
priuciplcs bu been so long adniittcd 
by meu of ratiunal and sober viewa. 
that 1 feel uDwilliog to encroach upon 
yuur valuable pagei>, by re{>rUing at 
length the attacks of an aboailant, to 
whom 1 am content to leave the merit 
of a discovery which hod eluded the 
sagacity of liis most dialingui^hed 
contemporaries, and of the public in 
general. The editor acknowlodgea the 
difficulties he encountered in coUccting 
the acattered materiali of his preMnt 
volume ; perhaps with an unacknow- 
ledged n-fu-rt-nce toother matter, which, 
if supplied at his request, might have 
disabused his readeni in many par- 
ticulars. 

Ttic unpuliliiihed sermnnn in the 
posftefi^inn of hia descendants have 
been hitherto withheld from the pub- 
lic in deference to the wishes of the 
Bishop hioiself; and if otlier MSS. 
were refused on the application of the 
present editor, the tone of hia obser- 
vations will probably convince your 
readem of the prudence and propriety 
of such a rcfusaJ. 1 can however 
confidently assert upon the authority 
of the bookecller employed on the 
occasion, that the circumstance so 
pmitiwly htated "that a variety of 
unpublished MSS. both of thu Bibhop 
and his father, were sold by auc- 
tion, togettier with the family library," 
did nut occur. Of the existence and 
authenticity of the two volumes of 
Sermons in the handwriting of the 
Bishop, and rvidmtli/ prepared for pub- 
lication, 1 know nothing, but can only 
repeat that they were never sold with 
tho consent orlcnowledge of hi»familv. 
Many unpublibhedmisccllanenu» pieces 
ire still in their possession, and would 
lave been communicated at his reiiuest 



Defence of Bishop Lowlh. 



[Aog. 




to one of the most eminent of our 
living I'rclatea, fully competent to 
appreciate the value of bis writings 
and the character of the man ; but 
who, with L-(|ual delicacy and kindncM, 
relinquished his intention at the deaire. 
by a son, who would have done real 
justice to the memory of a revered 
father, if his lift had not been lemii- 
natnt by sudden illness. 

Ilic writer of the Memoir further 
states OS follows : 

" la tlie midst of these nfltictioiu. Dr. 
Lowtb was eertaimtg not s happy iniui. 
Gitgri)SH:d in the pursuit* of Tlit-uK><ii-al 
lit*!r«ture, and Oic excitfoientji of iioI«- 
mical ri*slry, be bad tridenllg Uvcu ton 
long « stntnger to (he bctt and nnty 
refuse at' msn ia the vicissiEudefl of mor- 
l«lity — vital, cxpcrimtrntn), and prac* 
licul f&ith iu hi> b«lt%itirr. 

" Mr. Csdogan, a divinu of do less piety 
tli«D eminence, was rre<(uently oivuk. 
toined lo pay hi« Lordfbip s inurninf; 
cmll ; he fuond hiin unc day sittiiitr tn 
IHiin with a violeal and protracted sltack 
of the gout. 

" Ah I Mr. Codogan, eirUimrd tlie 
sufferer, you see what a poor thing it la 
to be Bishop of London.' — ' Truly, my 
Lord,' rrp'ieU his visitor. * I always 
tlii)u;;hl that it was ■ very poor thing to 
be Uixliop uf l»ndoii, if a uian |ius«:5&ed 
uothitig better than a bishupricL.' " 

How far the Eilitor's conclusion is 
supported by this anecdote must ha 
left, to the decision of his rcadera— . 
that a person labouring under the 
severest trials of mental oflliclion and 
physical suiferiiig — a parent over- 
whelmed with anguish by the prema- 
ture bereavement of a son whom he 
had fondly hoped wouhl surpass his 
own immortal fame— and of other chil- 
dren whom he tt-udcrly loved— iK-nding 
likewise under the burthen of nearly 
fourscore years, and afflicted with an 
excruciating malady, should nut be, 
in the literal scn^c of the woni, a 
happy man, can scarcely be deemed 
surprizing. The Psalmist himself 
acknowledged that it was good for 
him to have been afllicted : but even 
hia hallowed strains under the chas- 
tening hand of his God, pathetically 
express the acuteness of his sorrows. 
In my view uf the matter, the reply of 
Mr. Cadogao by no means leads iii an 
unJeino^ inference that the Bishop 
WAS, in his opioiou. pvitimtli/ destitute 
uf the beat source uf christian cunauls* 



1 



mk 







►n. On Ihe contrnr>', hta answer to 
le Bishop's ub&erratian was a most 
jcoming acquiescence in so instjuc- 
^e a kftwjn on the vanity of all liutnan 
lUtinctioui), and on implied rampli- 
tcnt to the mental i'ortitudc and chris- 
snhroiftsJon of the cxaJtcd sufftrer, 
ith whom he wa« conversing. The 
ict of Mr. Cadogan's frequent visits 
'ould nilhcr incline me to believe that 
ciperifnctd pleasure, and dt-rivcd 
lilicatioo, from Buch mten-icws. In 
^position, however, to the opinion of 
r. Codogan (if such hi- had formed) 
ic Editor himself addm-cs that of u 
elate to which ilie rtlipioQS reader 
'ill scarcely attacli le^s importancf. 
Tic hiief and comprehensive eulogy of 
V. Porteus, whose life furniished the 
purrat cnmmentarj- upon hi» truly 
apostolical writioirs, boar« conclusive 
leatimony to the real Chriatian Bpirit 
'ith which Lowth wm suetaincJ 
■oDgh his corapltcated sorrows. 
With re«lx^ct to " as|>crilies of ttro- 
_ ^r" (A chajpe faundctl 1 presume 
upon the cclchralrd controversv) 1 am 
prc{>ar»l to admit tliat he was be- 
trayed int<» au undue «ni mth of 
feeling and acrimony of exprcAsion — 
" fateor invitus, dylens, cuactuB ! " The 
most admired chardcu-rH, however, in 
Scriptore history were not exempt 
from the frailty of hanian passion ; 
and even he, the mort rcmarkabtw for 
meekncM, was rou»ed to resentment 
liy an unjuat impuUlion. The aspe- 
rity of I^wtli was called forth by the 
orrogauci* of his adversary — yet the 
excitement of controveray soon yielded 
to the influence of reflection, and the 
better feelings of his nature, thus 
aflunling a pleasing contrast to the 
duplicity of Warburton, who, whilst 
he professed to hove renounced hos- 
tility, retained the eurPness and resent- 
ment of defeat. That L<»wtU was a sin- 
cere and humble Uhiietian, itound in 
hi& principles, and fcrxcut in hi* faith, 
I do not hesitate to affirm, on the 
authority of all sober-minded and 
competent judges. He wn« noi indeed 
a Calvini^t ; and this serious ddect 
in his character, with a rcfurenrc to 
his forcible obscr^ntions upon tlic doc- 
Iriou of absolute ekvtiim and repro- 
bation in his first Sermon, may per- 
haps afford n clue to the scctTt <Jf ihin 

Editor's Iati-i)lhi»tilil v. di;>guiscd under 
OawT. Ma o. Vol. 11. 




the profession and semblance of resjwct 
and veneration — a cause which may 
perhaps \>c more perceptibly traced in 
a note of the Kdiior," 

Since writing the above, I have been 
favuurcd by u sight of the ten MS. 
Sermons mentioned by the author as 
the protluction of Bishop Lowth 'a pen, 
and now for the first time printed. 
By comparing the liand-wriling with 
other manuscripts, I can safely nro- 
ciaim them not tn Sort- lufn Kritttm 
by th& Itighiyfi ; therefore, however 
Bxcdicnt they may be, ther possess no 
claim whatever to adraissjou into the 
present work. 

I'. S. I donbt the authenticity uf 
the conversation between the hiiihoiij 
and Garrick. A .«iTrilar couvcisaiiuii J 
may be found in " isancho, or the I'ru- f 
verbialiat" [1 believe by C'unnii)t;hani)l 
OS between a Prussian Ecclesiastic an^ 
a celebrated actor. Vbksx. 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

raoe rouND in a solid nocK. 
Mr. UfiflAN, OvKoldkirk. , 

IN the Gentleman's Magazine fori 
March lost, p. 304, the following pas- ( 
sage occurs:— *• The Toad has been) 
found inclosed and alive in the trunk | 
of a tree ; and there is n wonderful in. 
stance related of one that was dis- 
covered in a bl'Kk o/ marblf. We da i 
not believe either account, for this 
reason — tkfir^ bwct- hhu a tefihauthpn- 
tirateil iimtance of nteh tliacmvrira. Sir 
Joseph Banks, a moat accurate, cu- 
rious, and investigating naturalist, 
assured uu, that in his whole life he 
never, with all pains, could trace such 
a tradition or atconnt to any ere. 
dibte authority, so that it coutd be re- 
corded as a fact," 

Aware, as I am, of the general in- 
credulity which attJichcs to all llie 
narratives of Toads, or Krogrt, having 
been found alive in tlic hrart of rocks 
and blocks of sione», and partaking 
myself of this general feeling, 1 look 
uncommon paina to procure « docu< 

' r. 1.^. •' Dr. Dib<lin ranks this work 
(Ihc PrvIiTctiones PocticitO umoiig the 
six rnont roniplete proiluctionn of Knglish 
dtvinc.t. When Ihe rrader iff infiirmed 
that •• Prrtyinun's Kefatstinn "f t'ldvs- 
niwm" is another of the nx. he will iwr- 
hspssttnehlcei value tolht uuuii'Iiuicat." 
U 




Ii6 



X'atcral Histoht — Migralum of SwaUonv. 



[Aoff. 



mettt, of which the faltoKiai! is, " vf 
' rojty a/ a votumtart/ affidavit fnkfn 
nd jumirn b^arr L. Jpffrrmn. Ctrrk, 

8414. 1833 : fAo vriyinal affidavit 

la Edieard (iriffith. £m. 13. 

jf'$ ln» S^or*, London, Mortrh 

kaOih. ISO. httth-Rtrf. T/iomoM Combtr, 

p*«r/or 0/ fWflWi irt. in tke North Bid- 

img of Yof-kthirt. 

" Wc, thp miitcmicnecl J<»bn Stoohilsle, 
Thomu Steel, John Mmou, antl Michael 
Stwl, of BrcmKh. in tbr countj .>f We»t- 
. morrliDi], moMias and quarrytDcn. do 
hcrvli; nolnmnlj mftke oiUl. tti&t on the 
rtitT-finh tlay of July, one thoiuuid 
Mght huodreJ oml thirly.two. bcin^ em- 
ployeJ on Stiu'iimoor, Ahout lhr« milM 
ooi Hrouifh. «l a plarc callrd Uttlr 
tnizc. in prvparing bUpcks of ^lonr colled 
'"ttitUvtont: grit, for rtbuililiag a public 
bighway CUlod the Baytide, mljoiuin^ tbe 
river whitsh ruit» through Bruu^h, rom- 
monly called Bnmf/h.Back, men arto- 
nubcd OD Kplittin^ a large block of marc 
than ■ ton w«9i|^it, Sy a liyply ypUow Frvf 
fpHDjting Oil/ u/ a rarity in ttif cm/rr of 
the aaid atiid rack, whrrr it had bwo a* 
dosdy cmhrdded aa a woii'h in iui outer 
caaK, withtmt tny ctnHmnnieation with the 
emfaee nearer than eight iachew. The 
aaid Pirog vn* taken u]> by tme of as, 
LWbru it dtsrhargrd n roniriderable quan- 
"y of btnrk Hoid ; it wan laff ly convpyttl 
Uruugb, and fivra to Mr. Kumnry, 
»• i>ttrj;eon, in whooe )>otM(!9sii)» it now 
nconlinuM, la n bealthy lively ».tate. 

*• %ViiTir»* our hand* this Iwcnty^first 
ibty of January, ou4* Ihouaand Hftht butt* 
drinland thirty •tbrcr. 

i)i« 

John XStockhaii:. Micham Smtf , 

marli. 

his 

JoHsX Ma«on. Tromas Stckl. 

mark. 

JoilK RrwKxv, WItnwit. 
"Svornal Umagh, hfforeitir, L. Jrf. 
faraon, Cterk, Maoistratc for Wcatmorc- 
land." 

" BrouKh. Jun. i'tUi, IffS^. 
" The diovc U a U-uc ritjiy of tbc affi- 
davit above-mcotiuncd, Ukrn by mr this 
March ?Oth. I*«.l, and forwarded the 
ume day witli a 1k>x ccntainluf; rorral 
ipcrimms of the f(rit-<itoiie ahore nunnl, 
to Ednard Griffith, E»q. 13, Oray's-ino- 
■qvsre, Lundon. 

TnoMAH CoMniin. 
Rfftor of 0«wttIdL}rk." 

In iiddition to what is contaiiMrtl 
above, it rony U* ataU'd that « mr- 
tt»paotltoc« of Kvcml tcttcr« (Ntfiscd 



Wtwccn niytrflf and Mr. Runiocy, »cti.^ 
i)f llrou^h, tu which, at diHcrrnt pa^| 
rioda, that gentJcmau informed ue cJI 
the health and lively appcariuici* nf 
the above frotf .- but at length on ac- 
count appeared in sonic of the public 
papers, of the d«-atli of Ihi* remark- 
able nninuil. I think in the month of 
June, 1833, about eleven tnoathe nflcr 
its being RCt at liberty- from iu im- 
priionment : tlierc can be no doubt 
that Mr. Kumney, who i« the Poet- 
[Qtuter, and an ciuiitent Surgeon, of 
Brougb, hoi- preserved the botly uf 
the dcceosctl Fruy. though 1 have not 
lately heard fiom him abont it. 

P. S. Thefnllnwingcitract isseotto 
pn>%'Ctbat llic instance I hnve given ia 
not a solitary one' 
Toad f mind atiw i* a bioek of ftone. 
" About tandajaiiaoe, in roiaiuj^ a Urgv 
block of «tooe, w^ldng Mwral ttint, froat 
a quarry on Combe Down, a liTiogTnail. 
with only three ^ef:1l. iMt mulJlati'd. but 
evidently oo fonni'd, wan found no the 
litock bfnrath, /wr/y /fft hrncath the siir- 
fore. In the raised block wu found a 
small cavity jDAtCfiaal to the back of Uie 
Toad. Tb« anhual wan almoat the cnlow 
of the freestone, mtd m ttiH a/ire, and in 
the poucHtton of Mr. Uuikmhi-cr, the 
Quarrytnan." Sec the Bath Gaietle and 
York Lbnioicli-. July IHth, 1H:U. 

Yours, fitc. T, C. 

MiQBATioTt or aVALLOVa. M 
Mr. UnuAy, fl 

l\ the pru'Kcnt advanced •rtate c^^ 
Natural History, thctheorv of Migra- 
tion h too well c^tablibhed to admit 
nfdniiht: hnt any hint tending to throw 
n purlicle of li^ht nn the how ajid 
wherefore of the iiiirntion may perhaps 
merit a corner in the pa|;e3 of your 
Magazine. 

Onthemornrngnf the MthSonl.laat 
before »unri<o. I oacended the height) 
of I-'cramp, nnd aboot sly o'clock, ol 
looking to'wanU the sea, I observed i 
flight of about one hundred awaUoir^ 
struggling up on a level witli the sum- 
mit of the high chalk cli0i». agninbt a 
strong breeic blowing directly off 
shore. Aa i am not aware that three 
birdn huild in i^ituntions similar tu 
thoHf in which 1 saw them, it appcnrct) 
evidi-ui that they were then making 
Ihe hiud. having r|tiittril l-'n^I.tiul with 
the liri?l glimmerings of morning, nbout 
an houi oi tu Mote the drutuit:!: 



d 



between thr two Rhnreii hoing snch ns 
thry might cuily arcnnipli<)h in thai 
space (if limp. I wns ihc more con - 
vinciil otlhis. by seeing in the course 
■of the nionitQg, the ruof ul' a ]nrgv 
building ia the town, almnat coveri-d 
with swallows, in greater tiumbcrft, 
indeed, than the »um total of those 1 
had observed in the whole course of 
the spring and Htimmcr; and as I did 
not (Krccivc a single nest in or about 
the town, it raight be fairly concluded 
■they were strangers just imported. 
NatuiBlintii liQYe long acquiesced in 
the n|)inioii, that ihr migration ofthpse 
birds is not simultaneous, the proba- 
bility is that Th(»y depart by draAs, 
according to the strength ur inclination 
of the vnriuua broodfi. That ninny arv 
hatched late is well known, and this 
may account for the occasional pre- 
sence tif swallows on the wrge or even 
depth of wiiit*-r. On n-turning through 
London on the 15tli Sept., 1 ob«erve<l 
under the eaves of an elevated bnildinp, 
a nest on doubt coiitaiuiiiji; ncstling-i of 
this dewriplion. and I was struck with 
the peculiar wild and unusual manner 
in which tlicy were attended to by the 
|»«Tenl birds. Their viaiLi were not 
aa in summer repeated at certain intcr- 
nala, but were, I may say, almost 
incestant, scarcely three or four se- 
conds elapsing, without one or both of 
them, after a short hurried flittht, 
«it«Dding to a few yards only, darting 
to the iient, and inserting their heads, 
as if fecdint; or ins|tectitig their young, 
with an ah of diM)uictude and ini|ia- 
ticTKc. Such a nest under the ub»er- 
vatioD (and acces!>ible, which this was 
not) of n not\iraIie>t. would have been 
verr interesting, and the fa(e of the 
liitfe inmates a matter of rurioAity. 
In itumtner. swallows feed a good deal. 
I have reaM)n to believe, from inspect- 
iog (he contents of their htomnche, 
oD small rtitenpter-'fUA insects, but from 
Iheit dying and fcedinp over water, it 
in also clear, tliat a portion of their 
food consijtA of the smaller nevropte- 
rons genera, cf ni) untie origin, of 
wbidi food an ample supply raight be 
found, if not throughout Uic entire, at 
least for a long time after the usual 
diaapiwarancc of AwnllnwH. Food, 
therefore, ta evidently not ihe sole 
rau^e of their migration. Another 
fjuejilioii iu(M:cliug these uy^terious 
tnvetieia, is the unaccountable de- 



creese* in their numben, during tlt« 
last few years. 1 have remarked, that 
the flock I saw rollected on one rvtof 
in Fecamp exceeded the sum total I 
had seen throughout the whole, season . 
I might almost add (with the excep- 
tion of one or two particular sjwu) 
that it exceeded the aggregate mass of 
two or three previous scaaons. Time 
was when the church steeple, beneath 
who5e ghadc J am at present writing, 
was tlie resort of vostbwarms of these 
lively birds ; whereas, for the last 
three or four years. I have not been 
aware of a single nest, and days have 
passed without my even seeing a soli- 
tary individaal. S. Y. 



I 



XKTITiCT AniHALS Of IRKkAMD. 

Mr. Uebah, 

OF the namerous wild animals witk 
which Ireland formerly aboundiil. a 
few arc now unknowu, and the history 
of some of Uiem so totally lost &a to 
be Deilhor recorded by the historian, 
nor preservcil in the traditions wliich 
have reached our time. Several of 
tho&c auitaols aic supposed to have 
been extirpated by t}u' fatal aim uf the 
spoj-tsman, or the A'iniroc/ uf the choae ; 
others, from neglect, have become ex- 
tinct, and have been supplanted by 
those less ferocious in their habits, or 
of a finer symmetry of form, or a more 
haidy and useful rare. 

Among the former are the ]ri»h KXk, 
sometimes called the Moose l>cer, 
whose bones and antlers ore occa- 
sionally found in our bogs or in raising 
marl; — they far exceed in wze ihote 
of any auimal at present in this king- 
dom. The remains have been bup- 
ptwcd by Sir Thomas Molyncui arKl 
others, to be tlioaeof the Crrcus Atcr», 
or 4\meriraQHlk; huta()erfeclHkL-lcton 
of the former now in the Dublin Mu- 
seum, proves that there is a decided 
and characteristic difference, and that 
our fusttil Klk i» a species of the genus 
Aloes, diatincl from any now known. 
The large bones nod cuormous antlers, 
prove also that they Iwlouged to to 
animal superior in hixe to Iha ' 
IClk. From the honea d 



* Qarrr, is this 
ihr ohMp-ations » 
ICon'om. 



I 
I 



I 




U8 



Ksi'u^t AititnaU of Ireiand. 



[Aug. 



gciwrol hi'ight a|)|)cnr3 to have been 
Iwiit Mvcn ft'vl ; r-omc* of Uio hnmi* 
^rt nearly fourteen Pwt from lip tn tip; 
Rinil Uii! hoifilit rrom tbc grouml txi tlic 
)ki[:lio»t tip of the antlers, aborc ten 

'ITic total tii=apppar»nie uf thi« 
Ktatrty animal tia>i Item atlHbuteil by 
sonic to au cjiideniic distemper, or 
pcalilcotial murroin, which swept off 
at cince the entire stock — as is said 
coroetimrB to rage nmoug the Rein 
IXtr,* In many places the remains 
nf several animaU bare been fuund in 
Uic &ame field. This fact proves, at 
Irost. that they were gregarious, and 
cnuntennnces in some meaaure the 
opinion re^rding their extinction: 
and Oiat * the}' died togetlier in nuin- 
bers, lu Uiey had lived together in 
henU.' 

In Ilarri^'s edition of Ware's Anti- 
quitie* of Ireland, mention is mode of 
a Mr. Osburo, who found three heads 
and sets of boms at Dardislown, 
CiMinty of Meoth; five pair of tliesc 
horns were also dtscovcrr«l nut many 
years n^o on ihe lands of Castlr Farm, 
near MnepitQl, county of Limerick ; 
and seven pair were found near Knock- 
toe, in the same county. + About I77H. 
an entire skelelon of one of those ani- 
msts was dog up from a inBrt pit near 
Kitenllen. The 6gure was standing 
uprighl. nnd the tips of the horns were 
only alMiut two feet beneath the sur- 
fnce. ; 

That at lca«t some of those gigantic 
creatures were extirpated br iheaports- 
mnn or hunter, is evident from the fol- 
owing ciiTum^lnnce:4. A rib of the 
nimal seen in the Iluhtin Mitsrura has 
■ been porforaled by an arrow, or some 
sharp infltruroent ; and in cutting peat 
aome years ago in a bog near Kclls, 
county of Mcath, there was discover- 

^ed, a few feet l>r]nw thesurfnre, a row 
of strong oaken stakes, from six to 
Bight inrhes in dianieter, varying from 
"en totiftren feet in length, and about 

Jsix inches apart fmm each other. On 

iclrarrng the bog awny, it was found 
Tial theae stakes formed an extensive 

[••nclnnure, ia which were nutnerous 



■ Harris's Ware. p. \Gn. 

t Fitzgrmli) biiij M'tircttor'a Ubtory 
of Limerick, p. 40.1. 

; IJrewcr't Beaatic* of Irrlond, voLii. 
p. S3. 



leraatns of tbc trUh Elk, apd it is lie- 
liev«i that tha*e poles served ns a ki 
of cage for entrapping the Elk, whei 
driven into it by the hunter, after lb 
same manner o-h elephants are still, 
taken in Ceylon and Indoslau.^ 

From the shortness of the neck of 
those animals, it has been supposed 
that they could not graze on the fields, 
but browsed on the leaves and tender 
branches of trees ; but from the great 
sire of their boms it is evident they 
must bavr been immediately entangled 
if they entered a fore^L Heoc« it is 
probable that tbcy existed only in a 
chanpaign country'. 

In a work entitled, ' /><■ Rryno Ili- 
b^rnia.' &c. written about the begin- 
ning of the 17th century, by Dr. Peter 
Lombard, titular primate of Armagh. 
be notices Wild Boars ns then in Ire- 
land, tie aUn mentions several kinds 
of huund.ii now eitinct. then kept fur 
tlie ehace. amongst which were those 
for hunting otters, deer, wolves, and 
the boar. As this is the only informa- 
tion wc have found of wild httars be- 
ing in Ireland nt so late a date; per- 
haps they were cJitirpatcd about that 
period. 

In the same work Dr. Iximbard 
statett, that Wolves were so numerui 
that the cattle had tn be secured 
night from their ravaccj.. Kynea Mi 
r)'M)n, in his ■ f/jnrrnry.' likewise mt- 
tions the depredations committed 
cattle iu Ireland by the wolves, the 
destruction of which he saya i* neg- 
lected by the inhnbitants ; and odds, 
that these animnts were ' so much 
grown in nuuilx-rt ns Mimeliines in 
winter nigbtit Ihcy will enter into viU 
Ittges and the suburb;, of cities.' This 
statement of their numbers nnd bold- 
ness, is also corrolmrntcd by accounts 
ofa later date, particularly by Hbuuier- 
hoAsett. in his * Directions for the 
Ptantationof t'Uter/ printed in tOlO. 
In 1GC2. we find Sir John Pnnsonby in 
the Irish House nf Commons, report- 
ing from the Conimittpc of Grievances, 
the 'gre-tt increase of wolves.* and 
tlint the Mime waa a gtievance, and 
ri-nucating that the Houw would be 
plca»t.-d to take the same ' into thcif 
consideration, * ami to make a law A) 
the taking and killjiig of them fot 



anl 

lUbB 

I 



f 9ee Aooout of Ceylon. 



! 




J 834.] 



Jixtitut Aminuiii o/IrrtaatL 



future. Tbtsc nuHrcn of their nUTn< 
bersanJ boldncftti are still rurt)irrrun- 
lirmetl by later accouut-i. Ici a <tia- 
logac cnLitlcil. ' Some Things of Im- 
Dortiuici; to Ireland,' puttlished in 
Dublin ID 1751, the author stixt£A, that 
an old man, near Lurgan. informed 
him. that when he "wiu a boy, wolvca, 
(luring winter, uswt to come within 
tvo miles of that town, and destroy 
cattle. Tliis muAt have been about 
the beginning of Uil- Inat century. 

According to stvcral nccount-s the 
tast wolf oJraerved in Ireland was 
killed in the county of Kerry, in 1710; 
tradition says iin ihe Crany river, 
Caralougb.ucorGlcnariD ; and another 
account odds, lliat the lait wolf nccn 
in Ulster, was shol by Arthur Upton, 
on Aughnabreacl, or the Wolf-hill. 
Dear Belfast.* 

To effect Ibe extirpation of the 
wolves, the Inhabitant* were obhged 
to keep a breed of large dogs, the 
CtutiA GraiuM Uib^miaa, or Irish grey- 
hound, commonly railed the Irish Wolf 
Dog. Thcec animals are believed to 
be descended from the great Danish 
dog, broupht bithrr by some of the 
Nurlhern tribcji that nettled in this 
kingdom. On the vxtcnninution of tbr 
wolvca Ihc^c large animals being no 
longer useful, were suffered to become 
extinct through negU-ct. Thp last we 
have seen mentioned were kept by the 
late Lord Sligo, near Westport. about 
the year ISW, but they arc aiucedcad. 
Goldsmith mentions that be had seen a 
doEen of these dog», and that the 
largest was about four feet high. 

In the lOtU century the Irish grey- 
hound, or wolf dog, was held in such 
estimation by the WeUh. that in the 
laws of Hoel [>la, he seems to have 
beloused only tu the king ajid nribitity. 
and tlie fines for injuring him were 
vf ry great. t They were also formerly 
•entas presents tu foreign princes. In 
the reign of Heury VIII. four were 
anuually exported to a Spanish noble- 
man ; and in 1615, we find some of 
them sent to the Great Mogul. In 
I6'i3. Viscount Falkland, Lord r>e)Hit>-. 
writes to the Karl of Cork to send him 

* The lut nrutf sera in Scotland, wad 
•hot by Sir Ewen Cwneron, of LocMcl. in 
ItiKO. 

f Antliologia Ilibernica. 



two Irish wolf dogp, of a white colour, t 
There is a good figarc of this dug in 
neck's Qundritpeds, and there is also 
a figure in the * FiM Bvok.' 

Ireland also formerlv possessed n 
remarkable breed of Wild Cattle, llicse 
were all white except their cars, which 
were of a reddish brown. In 130:), 
we find the wife of William dc Braosa 
sending from hence to an English 
CjuccQ the singular pre&ent of 400 of 
these cows, and one bull.^ This gift 
wouM probably not have been for- 
wanled in Iter Majesty, if similar ant> 
main had esisU.-<l in that country. 
Hence it is likely that from this herd 
are descended the stock of wild cattle 
atill seen in several noblemen's parks 
in Kngland. A few uf the like cattle 
were also preserved in Hamiltoo-park. 
in the vicinity of Glasgow, so late oa 
J 760 ; but ndthcr record nor tradition 
has pointed out when they became ex- 
tinct in the country from which it is 
probable they were originally derived. 

In the summer of 183fl, as some 
labourers were working in the bottom 
of a limestone quarry, near the pariah 
Clmrch of Carnmoney. about four 
miles from Belfast, they discovered in 
a black clay the bones of on oiiiiual 
which hitherto have been only found la 
a fossil state, and It i* bflit^vcd never 
before in this kingdom. The bonea 
were asccitain'ed to belong to the Pt*- 
aiotaans, an animal of the lizard spe- 
cies, which bears the least resemblance 
to those of theprescnt world of any 
now known. These remains comiistcd 
of eighteen vertebnr, or joints of the 
backbone; but the greater number ^^'ere 
destroyed, or carried otf, so that only 
seven joints have been preserved, which 
have been dc|rasitcd in the Museum of 
the Belfast Aradcmy. Tht- moat re- 
markabte feature in the structure of 
t]u>»v animaU in tlie extreme length of 
their neck, which is composed of many 
more vertebra: than are found in the 
longest necked bird, even the swan, 
which surpasses in this respect any 
other animal. When living it must 
have presented a true S4>rpcnt i>cck, 
with a remarkably small head. The 

Z Cteatleman's Magaziac. , 

i Cnx'H HlHtory orinUnU. From this 

vrnr U)e(|ual Dumber, Ibe cows sent were 

probably only forty. 



^ 



icmioriaffi 



MttlEHf f. horitrtCTK, Xq. Jim. 



CA«g. 



length of i)ir? largist itpcfifh fuunil 
BMOift to ha»v l«'on ncnrlv Iwcnlv feet. 
SltAnmaU^f I'kiLaapiy,' Mtk\; 1831. 

s: M. S. 
(The Editor will be fElad to receive 
' obscn-alioai Utu CurrcKpciniipDt 
I cominuiiicnte on tbi^ foreign birtU 



ikml migrate' tu Itelonil; and whvthrr J 
mtrnt liinls thikt have now teased tn H 
frwjuc^t the cultiia(.cit provinces of 
CncUnd* or luv but rsirrly fnund. as 
the bittern, do out still hnunt in con- 
liiflerable numbers tt« wild and wrsMm 
ahores?] 



MEMORIALS OF LITERARY CHAllACTKRS. No. HI. 



k 



I 



BIKTIt>PI.ACB or THE POET COWPCS. 

THE pAreonagc-hou<M:<if Bcrkhntnp- 
.ttcod, the vcnorattKl bjrtli-plocc of 
Cow[>cr. has been pullvd down by the 
present rector, thi' Rev. John Croft ; 
who has nleo cut down the poet's 
fAvouriti! walnut-tree. In consequence 
of the remarks which such sacritigious 
proceedings have naturally drawn 
upon liim, Mr. Cmft lia-s puUtshetl a 
letter, vindicating his deeds. Wi-liave 
Beldom read a more irapotent defence 
He ockaovledges that the modern 
house is "uner|ua1 in magnituilc " In 
that dcntroyed ; and he atdo ackuow- 
lfdt;e» " that the tree was of i^inguiar 
growth, beautiful, and a high orna- 
ment to the parsonage grounds;" but 
it seems thnt Uie >iti)rniii of last winter 
"agitated his fcelinp," and he " was 
ularmed lest some of the loftv and 
majestic branches might descend u|Hjn 
the roof, and involve him in the mint/' 
He also allows that the eloig, under 
whofic shade Cowpcr had so often 
meditated, "were slatcty and uni- 
brngcons ; but they had arrived nt 
tnaturitv. and 1 felt oiyseirjuttlilted in 
converting tbeir value into necessary' 
rtpuira." In short, he sccin« to Lave 
rcBolvcd to leave no vestige of tlie poet 
which could possibly induce any 
stranger to intrude upon his privacy, 
or any visitor to encroach upon his 
hospitality. His more proper cour*c 
would have been to resign the rectoty 
of Bcrkb&mpstead. 



AKSCDUTR UP THE TUBT CBAOBK. 

The following anecdote, tfaouch 
triOing, in so characterinlic of the pla- 
cidity and evonnesif of teiiiprr pos. 
Mued by tliis difttiuguisbcd man, that 
'•Wt are induci'd tn rumply witU the 
rraucbtjif une of bin paiishiouers fur 
its insertion. 

It i'i knuwn tJml Crabbe was a 
I. 02 well OS a port, aud 
jil of the ckiTciac of long 



walks. He frequently visited, attended 
by his son, a tmall village in the 
neighlmurhood of Tmwbridci', abound- 
ing with curious stouc*. On one oc- 
wion, he alighted rrum the vehicle, 
tied the horse to a craii. u.scentlcil the 
cliff, and taking hi» hammer from his 
pocket, commenced working away. 
On inoviog a stone, o part of the 
quarry Rave way, nnd rtMli*xl down the 
di-ctiiity with ouch anuitcoa friRhten- 
cd the horse, who made away from 
the crag, and smashed the eig. The 
good man. unmoved. lookmVat it for 
a little while; and when he saw it 
fttnuped, and the danger nvt-r, he 
fmited, and said to his son, " Well, 
John, it might have been worse." 
T.T. 

ADVBftTliXHKNT OP DaRKV TUB 

PSiNTBk. 

None of the biograpli^rs of Barry 
notice a curious advcrtisemcnl he »- 
sued OD several ocrnnions in the aura- 
mer of 177A, for pupiK lo whom he 
designed to give lesson*. Tlicv ap- 
peorcd in the Public Advertiwcr for 
June and July in that year. He 
wa*. as cvcr\' one knows, an eccentric 
and self-willed man. who coramonty 
thought and nrtcd utilike mo^t of liis 
fellows ; and this may have been one 
of his peculiar whims, in order tn shew 
how little he esteemed the dignity of 
R. A., or perhaps to annoy (for this 
was sometimes his humour) his brother 
Acaclcmicinnfi. Few certainly had 
higher cooccplions of tbe very highest 
branch of art than this singular man. 
anri in some nf the Ihing^ he lioa left 
behind, he lias not fallen thort of his 
conceptions. But a wayward temper 
marred his succesa in life, and no 
noubt i>artly in art; it deprived him 
of friends in his hrelhrcn, and of sit- 
ter* (though it may be doubled whether 
be raicti for lliiui) lo give that pe- 
cuolaiy advantage, fioin the wanr nf 
which he suffered conalaiit mconvc- 



I 

I 
I 



IS34.] C. a. Cihber.—MS. of the SchOf>l for Scandal. 



151 



nipiirc. The foUowiog in from June 
4th. 1774. 

" J&innii Tinny, ftti&ter, nieinbcr ftf (Itr 
Boyal Acadpmv snd af ihe Clcmrntlni 
AcAdem; of BologiUt informs snrh of the 
younit uobtlity lod gentry as may bv de* 
xirous of fdrniiu^ • tastv fur Vac arts, «ud 
» kaowlcdxtr and practit'c of draving, tbail 
hr witl Wdit upon Buch lu will lionour 
htm wiUi ibcir cuiiini&nd«, and give Imaod^ 
fwi.?r .1 «f(tV, ai thrp«' fniincM yer moat]i. 

"lit* rouiimiPH liU bnfliDC'anfi iihiui) in 
Suffolk Stiwi, No. "jjl. Hnymnrkct J whcrf 
he ift to br met witli. MiiudJiyn aud Tnr<<- 
(Uys eiCKjtted." 

ciTic aubcdotu or caics OAeniiEt 

CIBBRH. 

The name of this nerftontge it well 
known, boUt from bu own talents as 
a sculptor, aud as the father ofColle? 
Cibbi?r the Poet Laureati*. The fol- 
lowing niitices of him nrc estnictptl 
frum the- )K>oks of the Com])any of 
IjcathcnicUers ; andnrcliiL'lily charnc- 
tcriiitic of the carelessness of genius 
at all times, but tome paiiicularty 
aiaid lh« gent'ral prnllignr)- uf the 
rcign of Cbarle;) the Second. It Bt>- 
peors that he waa miulc free of the 
Cbroiiaoy by rcderafitioa April 3, 11368 : 
called on the Livery. Oct. 14. 1673; 
allowed twelve months fur payment of 
hit livery tine of 257. Mov. 13 follow, 
inp ; and nearly six ycant after, being 
«till in debt tu the Company for it, 
vfns then allowed to compromise the 
cngai^enicnt by the present of a spe< 
cimcn of his art. 

" 6th May, I679. — Caioos Gabriel 
Ciber being called upon the Livery. 
biicamc bound uuto thin Society fur 
payment uf hh Hue, and afterwards 
mtulc the stone Miruiayd over the 
pnmpc in the Court yard, and the 
Armei of thin Societ)- Icatling from 
out uf the Atrcetn into St. Hetlcns, 
both which he eatccmes to be equati 
in vollue or above the said fine ; and 
Uiiii Court being informed that the 
I said Cibcr is a very ingenious work- 

nuu), but a pri^uuer in the King's 

! Bench, or lately was a prisoner, in 
rc?i>ect wherevjf itt is not filt to pre- 
sent him at Inwe for his fine, this 
Court therefore thought fltt that the 
matter in ditfcronce shonld be adjusted 
and fully undcrdtood. and the comon 
("larko uf tlii)* Sncicty infninthtg tlil)* 
Court that Mr. Cibi-r wa-i rraoKorl to 
prrscQt some pretty figure of his own 



I 

I 



inventtoD thiit shoubl be ornamenlall 
to the hall, thU Court gave the assent 
thereto, and ordered that in case Mr. 
Ciber performc the fname. and this 
Court be satisfied that iit's worth ac- 
ceptance, then hi& bond .shall be deli- 
Tercd up to be cancelled," 

An engraving of the Pump and Mer- 
maid here rocntiuncd, was publiabcd 
in 170] by the late Mr. John Thomns 
Smith, of the British Museum, who 
erroueoasly "supposed" them to be 
"of the lime nf Uuceii Elizabetli or 
.lamcH I." The mermaid wiis con- 
btructcd as a fountain, to discharge 
wini from her breasts, on mv Lord 
Mayor's da^. or otlter occoaiuns of 
peculiar fertivitr. 



LIBRARY OP LAMBETH PALACE. 
f Witk an Entfraring.) 

WE this month present our readeri* 
with a view of the ancient Hall of 
Lambeth Palace, as recently fitted up 
for Uie reception of the large and va- 
luable Library of the Archieptikcopal 
See. 

Mention of the great Mall occur* in 
the oldest Steward's accounts extant, 
a computus ol lii Kdw. II. in the time 
of Arcbbifthop Royuolds : and sueh an 
apartment was. do doubt, an appendage 
tu the p(dju-v from 1I1 first foundation. 
The hall wo* repaired by Arrhbi&Iinp 
ChJcheley. In 1570 and 1,^71. Arch- 



I 
I 

I 



AUTOOBAPU US. OP TUB tlCHUDL rOR 
SC.V.VDAL. 

l^e original autograph manuscript 
of Shcridftn'fi cometly of the School M 
for ScaHdal, is in the pnsse&siun of H 
Sir George Chetwynd, Bart., to whom 
it devntved, among other papers, from 
his grandfuthiT, who was IJcenscr at 
the tioiv the matchleas comedy was first 
performed Sir George lately sent it to 
Mr. Fairburn's. Duke-street, Adelphi, 
in order to l>e handsomely bound ; bat 
a fire breaking out in the premises. 
the manuscript was supposed tu have 
been burnt, but is since Jiappily n-co- 
vered. having suffered very little injury. 
It is n-ndrri:d still more interesting, 
from having fci'cral interlineations and 
emendatiuDB in the hand. writing uf 
Sheridan, which mark the quickness 
uf his conception in improving several 
passages, which it might have been 
thought olmoit impussible to mend. 



Pi«9 



AV* Likrmy ml JJmbtlk PmlMtt. 



[Aug. 



(Uifrhop Parker " ravfivd Ute gnmt hall 
of Latnbcth vith fthmgtcs." The halt 
irM ilectrufcil in 164S b^ Col. Scott, 
9ac of tiie n-gicitlcfl, who was in pos- 
lessiOQ of Uie paUce during Ihc Coai> 
moQ wealth. 

The prcMnt hall sthndt pfvcisely oo 
the Bite of the old one. It was ordered 
by its founder Archbishop Juxuo, tu be 
rbuilt to resemble the aocieat modtl a> 
early as possible, and cost I0.6UO/. ; 
' nor could all the persuasiooa of men 
anrtl in literature, and of his ftiend*, 
dafo him to rL-build it in the modern 
ay, and unite it with the librarr, 
bough it would have costless money.*" 
~L wms Hot completed at the time of his 
cea«c ; but he left tlie foUnwing pio- 
I in his will : " If 1 happen to die 
I the tiall at Lambeth be tmished, 
/ executor to be at the chari;e of fi> 
*h<i>t«it, according to the model umde 
'it, if my »ucccuor give leave." This 
Qificcnt prrliitc a«t in the &oc only 
ra years and nine months ; and, (in- 
cliuliag money paid by his executor) 
(aid oQt in rrpBirs M,H47f. 7". lod. as 
was a-^renniiitil anil dectan-d by the 
Judges Delegates, at the saineiimt-tlint, 
ial667.theyndjudf!cd8r>ti/.moreibiiol<l 
be naiil Iiv Sir William Juinn for di- 
I . The architecture of this 

ir. I fabric IS of the miird kind, 

oj Well aa the ornamcut>, thou|;h the 
whole tA intended as an iiuitatioo nf 
the ancient style. The walls are chielly 
built of a fine rvd brick, and are sup. 
ported by stone buttrt^ftes. which du 
not terminate in pinnaclrs, but ore 

^ crowned witli batU. In tlir centre rises 
\tfA heioxoftal lantern of two stories, 
fHled with inund<headcil windows ; it 
ttTlDlnalci in a large vane, in which 
are i)ie orma of the ire of Cunterburv, 
imitaltNl with thoK of Juiim. 

TIm? itilcri'tr mi-a-rum in Iciifflh 9J 
fevt, in breaiUb 3S, and in hriKht 
upWRnis of 'M feet. Tlte dept)t of ihc 
((rrat Imy winduw al the north wmt 
end !■ «cveii fi>et four inche«, and it 
ruivhvii in hetglit from the tliMir t«i the 
cdfte of thu fiK.f, 'ihe whole u{ tlir 
aiJu is profu»rly <■■. ■ ■■ ; Ibe 

hif in iiartlcuUr is t with 

^uch huxiur, and run iiiiiin;,; it wo* 
lilt tu an age when lurli 11111113 were 
usual, loay U culk-U a litiv piece 
archit^tur«. It in rnliri:ly r«m. 

Aubrry'a Hanvf, iroL *. f. IflS. 



paMd ofonk. in may pwti of wfaidi 
arc carved the arms of Jmoo, a cioap 
between four ncgroM' hcwla t 00 oUien 

iuKon impaled with the i«c of Canter- 
iMirT, or the arms of Caalerhury only ; 
and other parts a mKre between four 
nrgrocfl' heatb. The whole boll u 
waioACOttcd to a cuoaiderabte hetiiht. 

\o Metropolitan itnccthe days of 
^\rchbi»hop Juxon has expended such 
large sanu on thia I'alacL- as the pre- 
sent eiccUent Archbt^op. who has 
entirely reboUt the habitable paru of 
the palace, and repaired the hall, the 
guard-room, and the chapel. Tbesti 
aJteruioDB have fae«n carried into 
effect with great taste by Edward 
fitore. esq. the cclehraied architect. 
ilift intended alteratioaa were ra*de 
known to our readers by uux corxc»- 
pooduDt J. L. in the Gentleman's 
Mogacinc for May 1830. p. 3<H i 
wheie was given a view uf the olit 
purtions of the Palace, which wm 
retained by Mr. Blore. as they ap- 
peared in the autumn ul' ttii9, whiUt 
the Palace was undtr repair. 

The noble Hall has been fonveried 
hy Mr. Itlore, with ftin^ar skill and 
felicity, into the archiepiacopal Library 
(»rr fkt- Plate). 

The Uioks are arranged on the laat 
and we*t aides, and in twelve- maeuiff. 
cent oak book -cases prcfoctr •• 

room, (n the receftsee bet- !i 

bookcase are eleven tahtM at cAtttti 
oak. of a moHsive, but elegant design, 
fiuitcd to the nrchilrctnrc of the halL 
The library is still lighte«l by the nobis 
lantern in the ceulre ; on the weiit 
wide, by file |iuiritcd windows, and a 
tMy window at each extremity ; un the 
east 9hlc by tivu pointcti windows; 
and on the north and wiulli i>i>tc«, by 
a poinleil winduw at each end, ttwier 
the roof nlntve the llre-plores. Ihe 
riHiiD (B Iwaled by pipes noder Ihe 
floor, and the worm oir is mimittcj 
into the luniii thruugh fuui 
Kralingo, bclwi-t-n every i ..f 

the library. 

At each end of the hall is a snitabl* 
(Ire-placr ; uver that on the north 1 
am painted the arms of the See. __ 
palidK the arms of Archbishop Jutoa^ 
over thi' liiL'-plitcv tnt the south tk^ 
lire poiutnl ihe arniK <■< 
patniK the unns.rif Ai^ 1 

Oo the UQMh and smjn. w.ni , m-1 
belweau the windows on the other »;de> 



183-1."] 



N^te lahwy at Lttnihttk Palace. 



1ID| 



f the hall, BK a number or paintm j^ ; 
ntniniiig portraits of bishops and emi- 
ifut diTinw connpctwi with the Sec ; 
portntit of King Charles I. ; Sir R. 
'alnolc ; Mr. Sccretarj- Towniihend ; 
t. Wilkios, librarian ; Dr. Peter Du 
oulin. chaplain to Archbifthop Juxon, 
:c. ; alito, a larf^paintini;, containing a 
iew of Canterbury Cathedral, brought 
m Croydon palace. 
The old entrance into the court-yard, 
the aoath-west end of the ball, ha« 
■R converted into a bay window ; and 
principal door is now at tlie north- 
it. On each side the doorway aie 
rinlhian pilasters, and over the door- 
■t are carved in stone the arros of 
le See impaling tliose of Juxon, with 
Anno Domini HncLxiit." 
The large bay window is richly or- 
iented with painted glass. In the 
ntn; of the top diviaioD is a very large 
>at of the arms of the See. impaling 
fhoMof ArchbishopJuion ; and under* 
ncftth Is a splendid recent addition, of 
Ktimilar size, of the arms of the Sec, 
impaling thoti: of Archbishop Hnwley, 
" I639< "Around, are smaller coats of 
le arms of alwut twenty-four arrh- 
>hop«, each impaled with the arni» of 
the Sec, and the date of the year when 
put up. There are also the arms of 
J^ilipl!., king of Spain. Rut perhaps 
the must curious piece of painted glass 
is a portrait of Archbishop Chichelcy, 
(eogravcd in Herbert's Hislurvof the 
FUacc). 

There does not appear to have been 
any librar)' at Lambeth except the 
books which were the private property 
of each sQcressive Archbishop, until 
the time of Archbishop Bancroft, In 
the reign of KUzibeth. Even Evelyn 
regarded the Lambeth library' in this 
light, remarking, in a letter to Mr. 
Pepys, written in 1689, that it was then 
" replenished with excellent books, 
but that it ebbs and flows like the 
Thames runaiog by it, at every prelate's 
accefisioD or translation. " 

The literary IwnKfactinns of Arch- 
bishop Bancroft to the see, are iiutirvd 
in the followiog terms in the will of big 
successor. Archbishop Abbot, who was 
himMlfagreat bi'neraxrtortothe library. 
" Lett!) men. prCKnt and to cume, 
know and understatid, thst Riehard Bnn- 
erofte, D.D., Itrnt KiNlmp i»f I«nndoa, and 
ibea proroDtrd lo the Arrlibishaprie of 
Canterbury, being for many years a great 
gAtherrr together of tMokca* did volun- 
Gjent. Mac. Vol. 11. 



tarilyandby his own BcCios (u ia hii Hfe- 
tine he hitd oft foretold be iroold) t>j lus 
lost will sod tostAimmt gars and bequeath 
to bin MiRTi'siiijr)) thr Archbuhopt of Can- 
terbury for ever, a great sad famous li- 
brary of bookes of diTinity, and of many 
other sorts of learning." 

The condition upon which Arch- 
bishop Bancroft left hi* library to his 
successors vras, that it should ou no 
account bv alienated from the See -, to 
preTent which be directed tJiat they 
should yield to such assorances as 
ehould be devised by learned men for 
its preservation. In case of non-com- 
pliance with the above condition, he 
bequeathed it to Chclfiea College, then 
about to be erected, or, if that should 
not be erected within ten years of his 
decease, to the University of Cam- 
bridge. 

These books remained at lAmbctli 
till 1646. two vears after the execution 
of Archbishop Laud, when, being seized 
by tlicrnrliamrnt, t}ic use of them was 
granted to Dr. Wincocke. They were 
ai^L'mards given to Sion College, and 
many began to get into private hands; 
su that, fearing for their safety in times 
80 inimical to learning, Mr. Scldcn 
auggestt'd to the University of Cam- 
bridge its right to them, and they were 
delivered, pursuant to an ordinance of 
Parliament, dated Feb. I&i7« into their 
possession. 

On the Restoration, Archbishop 
Juxon demanded the return of the li- 
brary, which requisition was repeated 
by hia successor, Sheldon, and the 
books were accordingly reKtoied. An 
ordinance of Parliament was aliw ob> 
tained, that such part of the collection 
ai was in private liands should be im- 
mediately delivered up, and that the 
volumes in the poaseseion of Jatin 
Thurloe and Uogh Peters should be 
seized. 

Archbifihop Sheldon havingthus suc- 
ceeded in regaining pofuwssion of this 
valuable library, may in ttumc degree 
be considered its cu-founder, as in his 
will he says : 

" Item, I give and bequeath to my 
suceeKM>rs ArchbishoiM of Canterbury, for 
ever, the several books or vnlnmes men- 
tioo»l in the eaUlogue or schedule an- 
nued, or hereafter to be anneird to this 
mj will, toirards the inerraNe nod im> 
pro%i'iiienl **f Ibu public Ubr&ry of llii- nrr. 

of Ctntcrburj, sQw Kt4le4 at Lembcth 
House." 



4 



TS4 



I (^ PMtosophy (ffDrtOMi. 



■CA«(g. 



The books Irft tiv ArchbUhop Ban- 
croft, Abbot, Land, Sheldon, and Tcni- 
lOD, are dUUngabhed by their rcspoc- 
tire arms. Those which bear the arou 
of Wbitgiit were doubtless tmrchased 
of his executors by Archbishop Ban- 
croft. 

Archbishop Scckpr was a gnat bene- 
factor to the library. Besides a large 
sum ex^ionded in making catalogues to 
the old registers of the see, he left to 
the library all such books from his own 

ftrivatc ILbranras were oot in the pub- 
ic one, which comprehended the larg- 
est and most vataable part of bis col- 
lection. Archbishop ComwaUis like- 
wise presented many valuable works 
in his lifetime. 

There is only one volume in the col- 
lection known to have belonged to 
Arclibisliop Parker, which i^ a book of 
Calvin's writing. Ilia arms arc on 
the outside, and within is written in 
red lead, '* J. Parker," which was the 
Archhishop'H son. An English Psalter. 

finnted by Dayc, hut without date, has 
ikcwtse the following memorandum, 
written by Dr. Parker's wife : " To 
the right vertuousc and honourable 
ladyc the Countcssc of Shrcwsburye, 
from your lovingc friendc. Margaret 
Parker." 

Thfi first complete catalogue made 
of the printed books, which was formed 
on the plan nf the Ikidlcian cataliirticf, 
was drawn up by Bishop Gibson, when 
librarian, and is deposited in the MS. 
libraf)'. In 171S it was fairly copied 
by Dr. Wilktns, in three volumes folio, 
and has been continued by his succes- 
sors to the present time. 

TUB LiaaA-av or MikNuscaiprs 
is now preser\-ed in a fire-proof room, 
over a newly built internal gateway, 
itbiitting on the south side of the hall. 
Tliis library is divided into two 
parts ; the first contains the registers 
and archives of the See of Canterbury ; 
the second the MSS. of a miscellaneous 
nature, llie registers commence with 
Archbishop Peckhom, 1279, and end 
with Archbishop I'ottcr, 1747. They 

I occupy furty-onc large folio volumes. 
T^ registers of the later Archbishops 
are kept at Doctors* Commons. 
TTlo Parliamentary surveys of Bi- 
shops, DeanA,Bnd Chapters 'lands.made 
dann^ the Commonwealth, with a view 
to their sale, and which at the Reeto- 
1^ 



ration were fortunately presen'cd, con- 
sist of twenty-one large folio volumes. 
The miscellaneous MSS. consist offour 
sets : I. Those of LamWth, collected 
by the Archbishops; 3. lliose of Henry 
Wharton ; 3. Those formerly belong- 
ing to George, lord Carcw, Earl ef 
Totoess, (the two la^t purchased by 
Archbishop Teoinuo). And •(. Those 
ofTeoisoD, given by that Archbishop. 
They are thus numbered : 

Codices MSS. Lambetbani. No. 1 — 
576. 

Whortoniani . . S77— S9S* 

Carewani . . 596—639. 

^- Tenisoniani . . fi39 — 8S8. 

Which last was the number of MSS, 
entered in the catalogue in 1768 ; but 
the total number in 17^'t was 1147« 
and is continually iacrcaaing. 

A catalogue of the lAiubcth Manu- 
ftcripta was printed in folio, 1813. 



PRACTICAL lIXOSTaATiOHS Or TRB 

ruiLosorar or DaBAMS. 

Ma. Ukban, ^cofMn'ct f •caraje, 
1 C.\NNOT but conceive, that oo 
the subject of dreams philosophy is at 
fault; and that the most subtle theorists 
haxc been puzzled to account for the 
extraordinary occurrences which are 
embodied by the imagination daring 
the hours of steep. I have given the 
opinions of scientific men a most de- 
liberate oonsideraUun, and yet 1 reoiain 
dissatisfied with the results of their 
reasoning. In this paper 1 have no 
intention of offering a theory of my 
own, because I am fully impressed 
with the extreme difficulty of the sub- 
ject. Dreams are attended with phe- 
nomena which human learning and 
ingenuity have hitherto. US I think. been 
altogether inconipi'tent to grapple with ; 
and the wisest ant] best of men. who 
have exercised both tact and erudition 
to unravel their mysterious properties, 
have failed lu produce a satiafactory 
cuQclusioo. In a wurd. I believe thai 
these spontaneous effusions of the fancy 
can scarcely be reduced to a standard 
capable of resolution by any of the 
known principles of nature. Imagina- 
tion, wnen freed from the influcocc or 
control of judgment, will indulge io 
a series of wild and incofacrenl frt-aks; 
but it will not be easytodttcrmine the 



1834.] 



On the Philotmphy of Dreams, 



hm bf whkh it embodies aobstimcM 
Uiat hmve uo exbtonce in nature, and 
coutd not possibly occur to the MDsea 
while reason, in uur waking bours. 
** holds iU accustomed inlliieDce o'er 
the brain." Dreams ore, in fine, a. 
paTchological secret, and remain in- 
volved in the same obecurlty as tlie 
uoiun of mutter and mind. 

I am a rnnstant dreamer; I ftcamly 
ever lay my bead upon my pillow for 
sle«p. but dreams arc sore to follow : 
and yd my digestive faculties are sel- 
dom oppreiised or impelled by repletion, 
for I am U-tupcratc ia diet, cat very 
lifibt suppers, and frequently none at 
all. The visions of the night, nine 
times out of ten, bear nu relation to 
the oceurreuces of the day, or to the 
peculiar train of thought which has 
marked my evening's meditation, al- 
though I confcKs they are sometimes 
evidently geoerateil by these causes } 
and it must be admitted that, under 
•Bch circumatanccd, the impreuion on 
my mind is much more vivid and per- 
manent than when the dream is of a 
detacbcd and volatile nature. It is 
true, my purmiits have been rather of a 
sedentary nature ; and exclusive of the 
laborious duties attacbetl to the cure 
uf a large and populous parish, I have 
[lanwd very fi^w hours either in active 
ekeraae or in society, as few literary 
men were found in the town where 1 
resided the greater portion of my life ; 
and reading has constituted the chief 
anmaeroent of my leisure hours. This 
pursuit has not been encivating, for 
the pernicious effect of too much con- 
fiocmcnt has been counteracted by the 
daily exerttooA required far the due 
performance of mv occaaional clerical 
duties. My health is ROod, my con- 
stitution unimpaired, though hf^wiji- 
tna tuive scattered their snows upon 
my bead ; butmy temperament is some- 
what nervous. These particulars, 
tboujib apparently tritlin^, are neces- 
sary for the elucidslion of what fol- 
lows, and to aRtjrd the theorist a 
aeries of accurate data for his specula- 
tioiu. 

My (Ireams ^^ucntly leave an in. 
distinct impression behind them ; and 
I am altogether unable tu embody a 
single fact, altliougb I eolertain a faint 
recollection of scenes which passed 
successively in review before ray mind's 
rye; but even in this caac. a visible 



effect is oflcn produced upon my spirited 
which are cheerful or sad according to 
the genera] tenor of mv preceding 
night's dream, although { am unable 
to determine its precise import. At 
other times, the transactions of the 
night are vividly impressed oa ray 
recollection, and even the minutest 
particular has not escaped me. Some 
of these have bad a direct allunJon to 
events connected with passing occur- 
rences, but they bear no proportion to 
the uncounted numl>er3 which were 
decidedly foreign to the general conrse 
of my habits and rcHcctiuns. In these 
abstracted visions, I have freqiiootly 
possessed the power of moving in the 
air, and transporting myself from place 
to place with inconceivable rapidity, 
and without exertion ; I have u^d the 
act of volitatioo by the simple pro- 
cess of merely raising my feet from 
the ground and sinking into a sitting 
posture, and in this position I have 
performed incredible journeys in « 
minute period of time. Nor ha* this 
novel mode of travelling struck me" 
with any feelings of astonishment, aa 
being at all extraordinary or contrary 
to established custom ; aud it ban oc- 
curred repeatedly : 1 have been an in- 
habitant of countries where the natural 
products have varied easentiiUly from 
any thing which has been described by 
travellers, however they may have in- 
dulged their privilege of exaggeration, 
as existing in any part of the world. 
I have witnessed the growth of gigantic 
trees, whoso fruit, inviting consump- 
tion, like the paradisaical trees of Ma- 
homet, consisted of provisions of every 
kind, reaily cooked for the table. I 
have beheld immense rocks formed of 
a single diamond, and mountains com- 
posed of gold ; which bore very little 
analogy with my retired way of life. on 
a limited income and with limited 
desires. 1 have fancied myself dead, 
and tliough lying shrouded in mvcoflio, 
have still poss^sed the consciousness 
of a living creature. 1 have trod on 
shores where men and women were 
bom from the earth in their full stature, 
and 1 have seen them In every stage 
of their birth. I have been pursued 
by uncouth and ilUfavotired monsters 
of the quadruped species, whidl n' 
hAdexiBteoceinnaturiT.or the 'f 
mind uf the writer of romar 
descended intu a Dp 




IM 



flb tit Pli7nipl| < Pw— fc 



ta*^ 




pfapac th* Ml 111 ■ ! 1MB M a 
wC U -a» oglA o'doek is A* 



f^ is a pnttf 
tkit tlie cxterMl ' 
4wiMg thtpi wd it » ft ii i fa f j 
1 tqraartkerdnMB ofi 



Ibna of li^ m4 ponoom iflMdaar. 
AAtv fOMC tmCa By T" Mesne 
I— ltd la lh> cppwww m radMscc, SDd 
1 took m vWw ei' the wr o n ilw by whieli 
1 IboMt mytdi iTf o ui kJ, wul tJac 
pco«prct was highly uuanlia^ Tb« 
frsfcnuil Bwwd wu like tke ttatat 
vtKft ; tkr iowtn, gltttrrin^ in tke 
iUl stream o^ li^ht pruccnliug rrom a 
ooMteltation of lant. Mcmed like aridi 
oollactioB of preciotu >tooes, tsnted 
with cecrjr shade of colour. Grtnm 
of earioai treat wm ditpencd iu 
tasteful TBmtjr, amidst the uodolating 
■arCsce of htll and vaiJey, whose leaves 
were greeo, aod white, aod Uoe, and 
red, and yellow ; and all transparent, 
Anttrring in the balmy brrexc. Rivers 
of cryBtal meaiMjerMi through thr rvrr 
blooming plains ; fowU of vanrd plum- 
age were Men in the tar. aod their 
meillfluotra notes filled my soul. with 
ecitacy. In the midat of alt this ad* 
miration, a bird of pccalior form, and 
larger than a turkey rock, with ntprt'ad- 
iug tall aod wings expanded, atlractMl 
my observation ti^ the loudness of its 
note. Ita feathers were white a.i Know, 
and shone like burnished silver, with 
the single exception of a lofty tuft of 
scarletoathe crown of thehead; altoge- 
ther Jtwaa a most ms^tliccnt creature, 
bat it was not one that 1 should hare 
prononnced of the singing species. It 
was perrbed on the branch of a tree, 
bearing circular grren teavesedgedwith 
yellow, and the sUlks and branches 
had the appearance of chased gold. 
After a short prelude, it commenced 
the favourite air of " Home, sweet 
home," which in a strong and hoarse, 
but not unplcaaant note, it fairly ac- 
coinpli»hi-d. I uttered an exclamation 
which awoke me; and it is a fact, 
that at the very same moment a waii- 




daiBir- 



i the 1 

IstiU* 



' lOOOOr*- 



employed. I 

f »**^^ to the svBim& of 
state of furioD* erupciott, wilk 
boiliiic crater at my fiwt; the 
appeared immiaent, and yet I •«« 
■o pcfsoaal injiuT- 1 aaw the hai 
dnotva thrown up to the heamm 
a magnificent display of sapcib 
works i they fell abont mc in all 
rtcttoos, tiU I appeared to aland in 
midst of the fluning demcol, and 
1 remained unbort. The only ' 
vcnience which I ei|*nieoced 
ttrricc siluatitm wa» an 
sasell nf sulphur, that appeared 
dually to overwhelm my facul< ' 
felt myself in danger of being 
powered with a sensation of dizziMas, 
proceeding solely from the stench, 
without any reference to mr awfal 
situation amidst flames whidi failed 
to bom, and 1 foresaw that this aloaa 
would soon precipitate me into the 
bowi-U of the mountain. The charm 
operated with incredible precisioo; I 
bcramc iicrceptibty weaker and mi 
insensible to surrounding objccts.al 
ing as they wn. till at length m 
faculties were wholly absorbed ; for 
moment I reeled— and then fell 
the burning void. The coovuUion 
greater than nature could support, 
of course I awoke. The horrid stench 
however continued ; I rubbed my eye* 
— I looked round :— the chamber — the 
bed curtains, everv object tended ta 
convince mc that I was awoke ; but. 
the volcanic smell was not rvmoved. 
I jumped nut of bed to satisfy myself < 
of the reality of my feelings, and foand 
that It proceeded from the msbli 
which having been imperfectly 
facturpd, the wick had ignited half 
way down the substance of Uie candle, 
and the burning tallow liad tilled l^~ 
room with a stinking vapour, wlu 
bad so oppressed my olfactory nerr^ 
as to communicate a character I 
dreams. 

Yours, &c. 0»0 



, andl 



[iuie> - 



^ 



1834.] 



Nothef of Thomas Lodge, the Dramatist. 



157 



SOMK ACCOUPTT OP TtlOMAS LOIIOS. 

THE noliccswhich havebt en hither- 

Ito publiiihed reapectirg this writer nre 

iso vague and obscure, that it rs thoughc 

Itliat some account of him, drawn 

l^om authentic sources, may not be 

liinacceptable to the admirers of the 

[early English drama. Thomaa Loilgr. 

Ithe subject of this brief memoir, was 

Ibom ID London, in the year 1556, and 

linw the second son of Sir Thomas 

|Xx>dgc, Kt., by his wife Anna, daugh- 

Iter and heiress of SirWiUiam L&xtoti, 

I Kt. He was entered at Trinity Col- 

I lege, Oxford, in the year 1572, and 

I was shortly after made a EchnLar of 

I that Society. In his " Alarum against 

• {f«iren/* lodge speaks of "his birth," 

f And " the offspring from whence he 

came," and, as it appears, not with- 

I oQt reason. In a pedigree still ex- 

i tant. we find that his father, SirTtio. 

mas Lodge, claimed descent from 

Odard de Lngis,* Haron of Wigton, 

in the county of CGmberland,t in the 

reign of Henry the First, and was the 

representative of that once {wwerful 

baninial family. 

On leaving the Uoiveraity, Lodge 
entered himself at Lincoln's-tnn, with 
the intention of reading for the bar ; 
and during his course of study there, 
hewrotehis " Sc^Ua'a Mftamtnyhosia," 
and •' Diogenes i« hiatingularHy." He 
nftcrwardis published liia " Ronalymie," 
in the preface to which {written in 
1590). he tells lis that he " fell from 
books to arms." and mentions that he 
I had made a voyage to the islands of 
Terccinu, and tlie Canaries, with 
Captain Clarke. Previously tu his 
coouneaciag a vagrant lift, he made a 
will, dated 1583. in the preamhtc to 
which he states, " that being of sound 
mind and body, bat fuHy impressed 

• " Otlxrdus dc Logis hnilt WiifTon 
Cbarch, iind cniloired it. Hi; lived aato 
King John's time. Menr^ I. conflnoud 
the grant of the bsronj to him, by wliicli 
His probabtethst he lived UK) jeArs. He 
had issne Adam. Adsni ha^ ismc Odard 
the Lord, whose son sod heir Adam tht se- 
rond died withont ii;fae, sad Odard the 
fourtlk likevue," ate. Dtnton's MS. 

t " Odard«« <<»• IjMria wib infeoffed by 
Kanolnhna •!<• -' ,■.{ Cuifl- 

br-'- 
V 



with the ancertaint)' of human life, 
he thinks it fitting to devise his pro- 
perty, in case of accident, to his wife 
Joan, and to his daughter Mary, "J 
He also bequeaths his law books to a 
person of the name of Sherrington. 
Some doubt has arisen whether Lodge 
the Physician and the Poet were one 
and the same person. Tliis question is 
decided by the following monument in 
Rollcstone Church, Nottinghamshire. 

Underneath iif>th the bndy nf Nicbotas 
Lodge, gtnt. third son of Sir Tbumns 
Lodge, sometimes lord of tbii msoor of 
Roltestone, whose piet; towards many 
orphsiiH, hiR BlHea, and friends, are ex- 
tant in bis will, lu the \vmt of the (>«rUh 
notiRed by his beqn<T«t, hb upright deal, 
ing testified by oil he knew. He died 
Sept. 35, 1619. 

Thoonaa Ludgc, Doctor Medicos, testi- 
menti sui aulufi Zxecutor charissiDO fratri 
nninrii aid teEtimoaium mccreiis posuJt. 

The following is a correct list of the 
published and authentic works of thia 
writer ; besides which, several drama- 
tic productions have been attributed to 
him in conjunction with Green, viz. 
" Loc^ Alimont/," " 'I^e Latos of A'a- 
iur«," and " The eoHtaititm letvtru 
Liberality and Prodigalittf,*' 

Scylla's Metamorphosis, 1589; 
Diogenes in his Singularitie, 1591 ; a 
iigforMomus, 1505 : Ros&lynde. 1590; 
Margariteof America (written in the 
streights of Magellan), IfitHi; Wit's 
Musing, and the World's Madness, 
1593; Treatise on the Plague, lC03; 
the Poor Man's legacy, 1603; the 
Wounds of Civil War, 1594 ; a Look- 
ing-glass for London and England, 
1698; an Alorutn against Usorera, 
1584 ; the Life and Ueatii of WiUiam 
I^onRbeard, and Phyllis, 1593; the 
Devil Conjured, 1396. 

He also translated Joscphua in the 
year 1609, and the worits of Seneca 
in 1614. Both were published in 
I6?0. It appears that Lodge turned 
his thoughu to physic during his re- 
sidence abroad, for he took his degree 
at Avignon, and afterwards, on hi»i re- 
turn to En^Iaud, practiwd in Loniion 
with some success. Uc died of the 
plague in the year 1625. 

) In I July Laxton's will, we find that 
she bi^jurnthed " the whole of her mAnora 

"'- In her wcll-bclovcd daughter, 
' Sir Thomaa LudW, and 
ro her f^rnndtan, Thomas 
Lincoln's •in a." 



I 



IS8 



IT. OtrtOM at Bn^ ^ConimU at NorlUmptoH. [Aug J 



kWILUAM CAXTON. 
EnOLISR CoMSt-L AT BkuaKs. 
L£HraW«i /rowi " KoHr* mr Cutard 
tfamitim, Lihratre rt Imprimrmr de la 
f^U de Bntgea rn Fiandrr, ttanM la 
9iriiifi>iaf SiMf." Paris, 1829. 610, 
pp. 89.) 
Lm Anelois Kratent rUors il Bnij^ 
^^U Cnoaulat. La inusuo ron?>iiUir« 
^HhciAtiiit «acoro dans toutc bod iiitt'grite 
^^ijn tciDjiA di! Sanilcnifl, qui en a fait 
girmver une vuc dans son Unndria II- 
^^utrata, tome II. p. 39. M. l>iMin» 
^^ni t ^a»€ avTC rnison que C&xtoa 
^^■roit r^mpli dons cettc villc le^ fuoc- 
tions dc CuDaiil. ct que par const^quent 
il Avoit habitv cette maison, aa a 
donpt! aus»l uoe gravure daoa le ttime 
L p. Ixxviii. dc sn Antiquit^a 'l'y[H>- 
gtaphiquM de rAoKkterre; vtUverra 
HUia doute avec plai»ir. |>ar la piicc 
saiTance qa'il dc coaooiasait imu, et 
ou ion compatriote e«t quoJifi^ d« 
maUrr rt gointmrMr rfci marckamdt dt 
la HOliuH Atujlaist, qu'il nt reste pios 
■acuQ doute aur m. coujecture. 

Extrait du regUtre de» ju^metu 
^» civils dea ^ch^vioi ou du ouiKik* 
^H trat dela villrdL'Briigi^s. dc UOS- 
^" H69, fol. 2M, Terao. 

Comoic Daniel F. Adriea dit Scc- 
pheiT Daniel demandeur d'une part 
je Jcroneme Vcnto. pour et au nom de 
Jaques Durit; marchantdc Jenncat, def. 
lendcur d'autrc part, ae aoient M>ubmi> 
«t compromts de toutes les differenecft 
qa'ila avoient cusemble ea dca sen> 
tcnce oidoonanco et arbitram de 
WUUm ('axtoK marrhtutt d'An^ftrrrt 
mourtrt tt gouwrnenr dft marcAaut dr 
la matitm a'Angteterrf par Jc^a. ct de 
Thoinaa Perrot, com'e eo orbilreftarbi- 
tratcura amialtlca compositeurs et com- 
inuos ami*, proiocttant ka dit?« par- 
tiea ct chacun d'eulx de bien ct Inyulf- 
ment entreti^Dir observer rt accomplir 
luul as que |>ai- les dite arbitrua iwroit 
aur lea ditea differences des acntences 
oHon'^ et arbitr^ aani fairv ou vecir a 
I'encootre en aucunc fuanit^r«, et que 
lead, arbitfca aient oy lea raisoas dea 
dtto parties, et sur cc nrdoa'e (car 
nenLvacc et ordonoance letiquelles ils 
oat rapport^ ca la plaioe cfaanibre 
dea echevias dc Bruges, ont eat^ pub- 
|te auaditea parties, parceque le dit 
H^lUm Cojiou »>4toit n^rrtMirtrmnt 
rvlrait de la dite rille de Bn*yet, cat il 
U dite plaioe cbombrcdeachc- 




Tioa d« Bnigea les dites paitiea oot 
cat^appeU^ et aont comperus aos- 
queU a eiU dit ct signifi^ I'arbitrage 
ec ordonaance dediu arbitrcs qui ea- 
toit et est tel comme teusuyt, asaavoir 
que ledit Jcrooemi- Venio pour rt ua 
Dom dudit Jaquca Dorie paycra audit 
Sccpfaeer Daniel, cu argent cocoptant et 
promptcment, la Boauacdc liij Uv. gr. 
ct que Itdit JenKteme ou Dom que 
desaus, prcatcn aad. Scepheer Daniel 
autrcs tiij liv. gr. panni loule voyes 
boone caution et acurt^ que ledit Sce- 
pheer Daniel drrra donner aud. Je- 
roncmc Vcnto de lui rendrc ct payer 
lad. aummedc liij/. gr. qa'il lui aur 
pre*t(^, en dedaui les premiers quatr. 
voyages que ycelluy Sciphccr Danie^ 
fern a toutc la neif en quclquc payiLl 
que cc aoit, aasavoir a chacun vuyag«J 
unc livre dc groB; pourx'cu anaai'quaJ 
en cas que Icil. Scepheer Daotcl uM 
feaiat aucun vayaige ouec sad. neifei^J 
dedans six taoia prix'tiain vrnant qutftl 
alors led. Scepheer Daniel ou aes plegc^ 
ftcroDt tcnus de payer tt reatituer audlj 
Jcroneme Vento satis que led- Jere^J 
noinc »cra tenu de attenilre tr« antn:* I 
puvcimns dpS6Usnommez. A I'obscr- 1 
vation dc laquelle sentence ordonnanco. J 
<t arbitraigc Icsd. parties ct chacuoa.] 
d'elles out nXv par lad, plaine cham- f 
bre de* cchi-vins de Bruges cate coa>*] 
dampncL. Actum xij' maij i' laix. 

A TaAViLLKa rcmarka: — Paatiag _, 
f^ yean back throub Nortbatnpton, my , 
anealioa was rAprclally attracted, ftrsl, br 
tbe beautiftil Cross erected tn the memorY' 
of Qucea Kleanor about a milr frum tbo 1 
tdwii ; and Kccondly, to an ancirat stone' \ 
Coaduit, whicb 9to.Kl Bt the comer of the 
Churcluyan) of AH JSainu, aad nearlr' 
faring tbe door ..f the Grange Hotel.- 1 
Rotb tbew- relic* I rr^rdcd u Taluabitt 
umamcnta 10 the town, aad pBciiUarlrtl 
worthy of Uie care of iu inhabUaats and 
authoritlrs. \ was astoainhHl, tberdbr* 
and grietod, 00 agaia viillinij the p|>oe a' 
fortaigbl wiice, to find that tbe Conduil 
bad been alt«Kother rctnorwl. As my 
stay o» ihJH Inlter occaaia^ — wmfin w l l I 
to the liaie duriug whidi tha eoacb cImok- 
«l Uontca. I had oo opporluaity of mak- 
ing any imjairieit tovchiiig this sCraan< 
procwding. and. «• it sermelh to i»e,Tu. 
fortunsto want of taste and good sense 
Having 00 prirate acijuaintancr at North- 
aroplon. I Uke this r»k1« of requcstinit 
infonnation KHpeotiag the remuta] of tb* 
lateresting reUe inquesUoD. andalaocun. . 
cerning iu biitory aad aatiaaiCr. 



RECORDATIO RIVORU! 

BT Tlli: RRV. JOHN MITFOED. 



The gentle nvcrt of the earth ; 

What are they but the gems thnt bin<l 
Her beauteous bosom froin its birth. 

The mirrura of each form refined ? 
Now hair unseen, the shndowy strc^nis^ 

TTieir sj'IiTin coves and hoIlnuK lave ; 
Now Evening's rich puqjiin'Jil gleams 

Are flo^liiiig o'er the phosphor wave. 
I know them all — no waters Ictss 

'ITicir haunted cliff's, or caverns old : 
Bat [ the amber flood have drank^ 

And trod their sands of fabled gold. 
On Tibeb's yellow shores I 'vc stood j 

Rich Brknta's marble halls I know ; 
And oft my little bait Lath sail'd 

Along the silver Po. 
How dear, iH'neath thv banks of wood* 

Ijav'd Arno, hast tnon been to me ; 
For by thy wave has Dante stoodj 

Aud suuny Florence looks on thee. 
1 've seen the Rdove, with bridal ba«te. 

Hush onward to the ocean bay ; 
And 1 have seen where in his ca^'e 

'Hie giant Infant lay. 
The Baden hills are steep to climb. 

And dark their piny forests swell ; 
Beneath their shadows 1 have knelt. 

Beside tht Uancde's well. 
Elbk, mighty Elbe, thou roll'st along. 

The heart of Germany Is thine ; 
And well may 1 thy mouutaius love, 

Tlion castle-co\-er'd Rhine ! 
Old Dranck, he hath a giant's step. 

And tram]ile6 on from steep to steep > 
And pale, oh ! pale, the moonlight snows 

Anmnd the young Arvsiron sleep. 
I 've seen thy blue wave glide beneath 

Each mirror'd hue of rock and tree ; 
Aiid it was like a fairy dream, 

Delightful Mci'SR, to gaze on thee : 
The Lebc, he lialb a i)alace built, 

Brside thee gleam its crystal walls } 
And dork and wild thy mountains rise. 

To guard the old Enchanter's Imlts. 
Ab ! gulden Trc\'es 1 how like a queen 

Thou sit'st amid thy Howery dell ^ 
And twin'st around tby regal brow 

The rioc-wrcalh of ihy lovd Moselle. 



:r-. 



early 1 

we rouDi. 

first story 
upper story u 
liie tower wai 
by a block comic 
present well-propo. 
Jofty, spire haa been w 



161 



2VIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



fo/" tkp Sohlk'Cast of Emg- 
GtdeoD Mootell, Ksq., 
1833. 

CCrELL bos loDg been 
cmiDcntly distJnguiahec], 
) anil scientific Geologiat ; 
uk he hail nutuiily luaiu- 
eputatiou which he had 
t boa givcD a work which, 
r investigation, interest of 
neatness of arrange- 
I very high. Gcnlus^y, as 
ows, afttr having for agcx 
i uncouth ami s^}ielcd& 
aly of late assumed the 
cter of a hcicuci*. Ti\e 
etci, thi! will) theories, 
I obiie nations, the erro- 
es, that were her fraiJ 
\ sunk anil di^appoarcd ; 
jy and Mineralogy fur- 
D3 of erecting another 
Laccurate analysis of the 
naU of the earth, guided 
progress by a &ound in- 
HPg. The Last and groat- 
Dt han bcuM mu(k hy tlic 
ail niuairu ufthr nrtfanic 
txtioK. which afford, as 
' to thei'lucidution uf tlm 
iri). indt^L-d. asuur know- 
atl the area on which 
power* of man can 
'. important discoveries 
and some great re- 



sults ascertained, A series of facts ' 
have been brouglit to light which 
would otherwise have lain concealed , 
in the jealous treasury of nature ; and i 
no one, we tiiink, now would dispute 
this dictum — lliat the Earth had been 
created for a long undefinable period , 
before man was placed u[>ijn it; that ' 
plants and animals rxistcti on it, of ^ 
species* different from any thatare now 
known ; that this earth appears to have 
undergone some violent and some 
gentler revolutions, or changes on its 
Hurface ; that these chaugoa appear to 
have been accompanied with a change 
in the organic creation ; that the tem- 
perature of the earth appears to have 
been much higher than It now is ; and 
that neither its ancient temperature, its 
disrupted and agitated surface, nor the 
a nimal creation which peopled its prime- 
val solitudes, appear to have been adapt- 
ed to the secureandcomfoi-tabK- habita- 
tion of man, perhaps not even to the 
j>0!isibility of his existence ;t that, in 
the course of time, these primitive in- 
habitants of the globe perished in suc- 
cessive catastrophes ; the temperature 
of the earth decreased ; either a new 
CI cation of animals look place, or a 
certain portion of the aboriginal alone 
were preserved ; the last convulsion 
brought the earth nearly into its pre- 
sent state, and it became suitable for 
the habitation of human beings. I 



I aatl plants of the more anrient ttrata, are not only such lu could not 

"atitndes which they formerty inhnhitctd, but nlouoflt alt tite Mp«cie«, 

■era, are bo longer ta be found in any part of the kaown globe. 

bt we perceive an intermixture of eiistioK wtUi extiiset epeeiee ; 

IB former increasing according to the more reoeot formatioo of the 

r^epotits of the Qiodmi era, the retnuns of viiniai^ apccicsalone arc 

^,new accumuUtioDS of debris. Xhxt ikeletuna of man, and trat'i:s 

. of the f^rly tribes nf nur mre, iire »«omoLimei> found iiubeilded. 

hplc ffmrra uf anioiaU and plaats haa no Oiiubt dcpf aOcd on various 

lier revolutions, the vicLiiu«itude« of climste. the mutations of land 

Vhahly the principal ascDtn <if destroction ; but nince iuid became 

istion, biA nece^i^itiej mid raprices hate nccaaioncd llja extirpation 

who!ie retioA are found in the ssme iiijterlicifil strata with thowc of 

bing which all human lii«tury and tradition arc sil«nl. 

) eurJuuH observations on the differrnce of pusilion in the eyes of the Cro- 

jodem world and the Icfathjoiiauruij of the ancieuts. with the supposed 

in Mr. Hawkins'ii latu TrKatisc on (he fiubjcct ; revieived ia our present 

aently,* uys Mr, Mantell. ' to these Isst-mentionedehan^es. theterttnry 
surface of the iwuuly appears to have uudcrnoac no uta(i:rial altemtion, 

t effects of tiie atniosphcie, the degradation uf tbc chores l>y the autiuu of 
KQ. Vol. II. V 



1C2 RiviJiW.— MoDtirlt • Geoioyy of dt 8. B. of Emgiand. [Aug. 

ThU It the tum totnl of whatcaa be ta- 
tiocallyailvuicod on the subject. A thou- 
sand stun with Goij are but lu a day ; 
and ii'irc may take hnalcausM into coa- 
Ridcratinn, we roay be permitted to »ay 
that a lung prosi>ccUve Hisdom Bcenia 
lo tia%(- bi-cn forrnuntlrAx ogett prrpar- 
iDK thiA globe arcording to tiie >low 
ojicrntion't Biid laM'§ of nature (na/urm 
iioa frrt MttltumJ for fUe rea'pt ion of iLi 
prcaeot inhabilanta ; and that thi^fte 
•e*eral conruLbiuna and chani^ ap- 
pMirtti have been the appointed mean* 
bv which future (itDCM and convenience 
ahould be procured. The difference 
betwccD the attl Geologists and the 
prttml, ii tlii!*-~-the fonuer were era- 
ployed in forming ingenious ftpecula- 
tiun« &» to the manner in whicli tbc*e 
changes were effected, and central cu- 
vcma ufintvnuir light, internal volca- 
noev, bolttiw rruftU nf the globe, frng- 
raeotvoftbe sun bimself.cnnieiasweep- 
iog the earth with their tail, aiafaouae- 
nuid iwecp» a cariKi with her broam, 
were all ratun, each adopted and advo- 
cated with at tDUch leal as i|;nDrance, 
by very ingenious nen, till even the re- 
Kourcesgf Omnipotence wpreexhaustwl 
by them. The end and totality of all 
tbia was, tlut ixit a KiDgle step of pro- 
greai waft made — not a fact was diA- 
ravered — not u difficulty removed. 
These nen of conjecture kept for ever 
mnvtng round in a brilliant circle of 
their nvro, and for ever returning to 
the very point from which tliey bad 
set out; occasionally jostling one an- 
other as they crowed their several or- 
bits of theory, and ATopping to abuse 
each other pretty heartily, Thv present 
race, deeper instructed in philosophy. 
mcttuainted wtUi the laws and powers 
of Cberaistry. submitting their know- 
ledge to A close and rigoroua systnm 
of loEjic, and beinR aware how confined 
that knowledge in, have employed the 
activity of tbtir minds, and the re- 
sources of their art, in a careful surrey 
of the ^rctt produced in the gigantic 
laboratciry uf oatuic by time and 
change ; by analysis reducing com- 
pounded bodies to tlieir original ele- 
^pienls, and, by a careful and phito- 
ophical rcajMining, binding fact to fact. 



as with an unbroken chain t fully aware 
how amall and bounded tfic domain of 
science is, and bow imperfectly even 
that is known. The earth on whicb 
we tread being 6,000 miles la diama- ^ 
ter. the depth to wbich man has peoe- H 
imtfdbfl!; ™ 

The mineral maases, says Mr. Man- 
tell, of which the cnist of the globe it 
rocnpnsed, may be separvted Into JVi- 
mary and S*coiidarf. The Frtiwiry are 
de*litutc of organic remains, and ocen- 
py the lowermost place in the super- 
poBitioD of the strata. Yet having 
boen injected from below, they forns 
the hummits of the highest peaJca and 
roonutjuas in the world. Ilirse, which, 
arc decidedly of ii^nenus origin, are Gm- 
«!/<■, Sgfiilr, Purp/iyry, B<uatl. They 
arc called jmnuny, because itwmssup- 
posvil, from the absence of/ottUt. that 
ihcy were formed b^vrr the creatioo 
of animals or vegetables ; but it is now 
well known that granite and its asso- 
ciated rtKrks are in fact ancient Invar 
of various ages ; and it !s certain that 
granite has beva emptfd mrf tbepr- 
rittd whm ekalk irai dtf<mltd. Th* 
other primary rocks npi>car to be setlt- 
mcntan' de[iosits, altered by theeffcttf 
of hij^ temperature and great prct- 
»ure. Such as Gneiss, ^fica slate. 

TTm Secondury rocka contain the fos- 
sillized remains of vegetables and anl 
maU. nreguncrally stratitied, and ha' 
been evidently deposited by water* 
These *tratn are subdivided into 
S*iimHary. which comprise all the bb- 
dimenlary rock*, from the Primary tl 
the Chalk inclusive, and the TWtiarfg. 
under which description all the beds, 
from the rbalk to the alluvial deposits 
of tlM modem epoch, are placed. 

The Organic Jitvtaiu* entombed 
the sedimentary straU afford conel 
sive evidence of tbc former eiisten 
i>f a state of animated nature widel 
different from the present, and fun 
data by wbich we can determine 
comparative ages of the various for 
mationn, and even calculate the rela 
tive periods when the existing mouii' 
tain chains were lifted up; nay man 
by thcM relics, these MKWAiji. a^ they 
have been aptly termed, Wmt-A iy A'o- 



ihe sea. tke eruMiiin bv river riirrenu nf thn atrata over which thrj Anwcil, and the 
^forioation of deltas. Wine *be only pbysiral changes that have tsiicn place in tlw 
uUi<eut of En|land during tbe modem epotJi, and which arc stUl in sotivc oper* 
Itlco." 



^ETiBW.— Mantclf'a GeoJopy of the 8. E. of Engla\ 




[lure to CDiumcmoratc hor revolotions. 
I've If^am the physical inatatinnn which 
I the aurface of thr enrth hoK UDclergune, 
l4uid the temperature of the climate of 
WRrious rcgiuDs, id periods far beyond 
lall huQiAii history or tradition -, and. 
■by bringing to our assistance the 
lacienceii of Anatomy and Butany, we 
lean even restore anew the forms of the 
luiimalsand vegetables which flourished 
Dn the earth, when our present conti- 
lacntA were eogutphed beneath the 
Idepths of the ocean. 

'file strata of S'lusej* arc divided into 
Jowns, Weald, and Forest ridge. The 
ok>m are masses of chalk, aboutaiity 
Biles in length, seven niJk'ii broad, and 
l^ftUout 500 feet above the level of the 
Their northern escarpment Is 
latecp and abrupt ; their southern de- 
iKent is by a gentle declivity. From 
hy Head to Brighton, they form 
ihtgb, precipitous lioe of coast. From 
Qftrigbton, wcitward, they stretch in- 
Bod, and occupy the centre of the 
nunty. The whole chain exhibits 
decided roaQifeHtatiDns cf the action of 
rater. These bills are separnted into 
Svc distinct masses by rivers. The 
|0'ra/(/ is a vale that runs parallel to 
he DoicM, cunsinting of clay, sand, 
□d lirai-Ntunc. It is about ten miles 
and thirty or forty long. The 
vt-ridge constitutes the north- 
Atern extremity of the country. It 
I uirajK>sed of sand and snnd<stones, 
nd its rocky ridges ore crested with 
brests. The principal height is Crvie. 
oroMgh Heamft. which ha^ an eleva- 
tion of 800 feet above the sea. The 
ticroachments of the ocean are going 
I along the whole line of coa^t, and 
Bve continued from time immemorial. 
Ve will now give an extract from our 
Dthor's account of Tilgate Forest, 
,283. 

' The vast preponderance of the land 
freth tt^ifr f\\\nm ovrr thoBc of 
Bari&e M"! jrto observable in l\vf*v clepoHitt, 
warranu the conelusioD, that the Weal- 
^D itratA wcir fiirmed by a very dilTorent 
agent to that which L-lfrc-ted the depoat- 
tic»a of the rnrtUsd beds bt-luw, and the 
Dd aod chalk above them. Tlic seas In 
priDiitiTe ages of our plaHftt, were 
biled by vast tribes nf mulUliwruU/ 
, which however ranable in llieir 
*. were not only of the i«Jime family, 
I of the lume genera; helemaitcj, 
Donita*, nautililes. These sheUs, if 




wo may draw any concloiloti from the 
knowlfd^o of the habits of the recent 
Bp^rien of the only genoa that sail exists, 
were indib-putAblyinbAbitants of the ocean; 
and the presence of tbi>ir remains in any 
cunnidcrablt: tjuautity iii a formation, 
nffortls a prrsumptina tliat such fonna- 
tioo was n marine dep^ifllt. The ronvcrsa 
of irach propiiriition we consider must 
hold good in a case Uke the present, 
where not a vestige of these ancient ma- 
rine genera can be traced, among innu- 
merable remaioB of terrestrial vegetables 
and animals, and uf fresh water tvntacrea. 
The oc^aHiona] or^urrerife of marine re- 
iiiairiH affyrdfl no ground for a contrary 
opinion, itlncc the fact is no mure than 
might be expected under such L'ircuni- 
stBHces, and is ia strict aceordance with 
what might be observed ia the deltas and 
estuaries of a1t great riven. We cannot 
leave thtfi trabje^t without offpring a few 
general rrmurks on the pmbnble mn- 
dition of the tvinmry tbrousb which the 
waters flowed, that deposited the strata 
uf Tilgate Porcjt, and oo the nature of its 
animal and vegetable produuti-ms. Whe- 
ther it were an inland or a continent may 
not be determined ; but that it was diver- 
sified by hill nnd volley, and enjoyed a 
climate nf higher temperature lAan say 
jiart r^ mndern Eurojt», is more than 
probable. Several kinds of /em* appenr 
to have constituted (he immediate vege« 
table clothing of the suil. The elegant 
tphrrtoptfrtM, which probably never at. 
tained a greater height than three or foar 
feet, and the beautiful lenchopteri* of 
srill lesser growth, being abundant every 
where. It must be eaiiy to conceive what 
would be the appearance of the valleys 
and plains covered with these plants, from 
that prettented by modcra tracts, where 
the common fcroN generally jirevail. But 
thfl Infcier vegetables are so entirely dis- 
rinrt from any tlml are now known to eslst 
in Euro|>canrountrica, that we seek in vain 
for any thing anahiKnus without the Tro- 
pics. Tlie forrjttaof 0/a/Ann-iipaDd£«tJo- 
ffenittF, (the plants of which, like wme of 
the recent arbarmeeot ferns, probably 
attained u height of thirty or forty feet), 
uiiut have Iwrnc a niiuli gre«t«r resem- 
lilance to tho«- of tropiL-jil regions, than 
to any that luiw oKcitr in temperate 
rlimates. That rhe toil mus of a. sandy 
mature on the hills and less elevated parts 
of the country, and arfnllaccous an the 
plains and marshes, may be inferred 
from the vegetable remflins sad from the 
nature of the substancvs in which they 
are enchised. Sand and clay erery whera 
prevail in the Hantiogs ■trata; nor is it 
nnwnrthy of reninrk tliat the recent regfc 
tables to which the fossil jilants bear the 






h 



greatest an&Ing;. aSbct toils of tii'is tie- 
vcription. If we attempt to {murtray the 
aniinilii of this uKlent coactry, out 
ducription wi]l potwss man of the 
thancUr of ronuiticc, thftn of a It^ti- 
mate deduction from estaliluhi-d fact*. 
TyrtlfM of vBTioiu kitiib mart have hten 
seen on the banks of itx rivers and laket, 
aud gniupi uf rnomii>ai crocodilta bask- 
ing in the ft-ru aod sbaUaws. The gi- 
gantic mtfttotovrUM, aod yet more ncnn tic 
iffnamodoit, to whom the grorrt of palms 
and arborescent fernt wimid br mere trcils 
of reeda, mtwt have been of gnch pro* 
lUgious loagDitude, that the exiftiag knimal 
creation present.s ii« vith do fit objfcis 
of compariaon. Imaj-ine ao oniiual of 
the lixard trilw, (hrvc or fiiur timin as 
larse as the largest crocodile, hanog jawH 
vita teeth etjiial i» lixe to ihc inciftont of 
(be rhiDoreroB, and crested with horn ! 
Sach a crcatnro must hitve been the 

XiuiMffan. Nor were the iohabitauta of 
e vaten moch lea* wonderful. Witness 
the pisaiotaurtu, which only required 
wing* to be n flying dragon ; the fi«he« 
resembling siluri. boUjta. &c. CoTier 
aaks, at what period waa it, and ander 
what eircumaUncGi, that turtlpa and 
gigantic lizards ti\-ed in our climate, and 
were abided by foroRs of pftbu, and 
ortwnMieDt fema I It nay be obKrvrd, 
that the Bodonbted remaina of that gigmn- 
tic Itcrbirorous reptile of tlw aodeat 
world, the ifnanodon, tniut bocouidercd 
u baring been hitherto discovered in the 
atrata of Tilgnte Forest only ; tliis animal, 
wkirh bad a bom on itahead, vaa seventy 
feet in length." 

Of another fmwil reptile diicovered 
in Til^te Forest, and on that accstint 
CHllcd the hylfeofauna, Mr. Mdntell's 
acCDUOt is full of intetMi. The whole 
book is a most valuable addition to 
our native geology ; it abounds \a very 
mrinus diacovcriea ; it evinces a very 
cKteaaive and accorate acquaintance 
with the science ; and though pro- 
UneAly treating nnly of the strata of 
SuseeK, in fact, through ita locai in- 
veaiigattons, throws light npon the 
general subject. 



Htimt. A Aovri. By Misa Edgewortb, 
ta 3 volt. 

T1IE anxious desires of the world 
of Icttcrt have at K>ngth Iven gratified. 
and Miss Eilgrworth, aflera lung inTer- 
Tol of silence and rcpo»c, has rv-ap- 
peared in the realms of fiction. Alt 
who remember lh« clevcmefia of litr 
*v pro4luctions, tbc truth of her 



delineations, the force, the spirit of 
her narrntiTCS. the originality of her 
characters, the groce, the elegance, 
the humour that pervaded the whole, 
the knowledge of the hutnao heart, 
the farniliaritv with the different feel- 
ings, sensibilities, passioni, and preju- 
dices, that are continually rising and' 
falling, naM>ing and repassing id th«' 
walk.s of life, the wisdom of her ob- 
servations, and the admirable Tnom1» 
the Mentor of the Tale, which for 
ever came with a fricnilly hand Xty 
arrest the ftdly and the rrinie of those 
around it. and at length, whfo the 
course of guilt or levit)', of idlenena op 
vanity, was drawinj to a close, held 
up to them the coh«tquences tavepar- 
ahUfrom it ; and proved to them, that 
the punitihment of man is of neeewtity 
annexed to his criminality, a!<; it nr>t 
only lives in its very nature, but crrn 
rises afresh over its ashes ; wheit' 
further, this great Teacher of wisdom, 
through tirtion, pointed out the trains 
of causes which led to error, the' 
early mistakes, the cherished preju- 
dicea, the fond iltuaions, the capti- 
vating aod deceitful blandishments of 
friends, the mistaken indulgence of 
parents, the false estimates of sociefrj*. 
and the impetuou« importunity of 
youthful paneions ; aTl this wis to JQ- 
dlciou»ly exhibited, so Anely con^ 
trastcd, so delicately marked and 
separated, so happily illustrated, and 
so judiciously enforced, as certntnTy 
to place the clever and enlightencit 
Autiior in the very first rank of mo- 
dern nDvelist*. Wc own. and we have 
expressed the same opinion before, that 
we have many novel writer* of near 
akill and knowle<lgo of their art. Men 
who have surveyed the various walks of 
life with the eye of obBcrvation. hare 
delineated their scenes with a fine and 
delicate discrimination, have submitted 
the paastons and interests of men to 
a just and philosophical analysis, and 
have enriched the w-hote wiih the 
ornaments and graces, which geDin' 
and ta.<ite cmn fumjeh at their will 
But we also must reluctantly own 
that however brilliant and clever thei 
productions are. they are seldom flY 
from grave an|^ serious defects. Pari 
of them are only imperfectly aketche 
in, parts want drawing and perapec 
tive. flomenre too highly coloured, son 
out of proportion and harmonyaV 



1854.] 



Rrivifiw. — Miss Zd^oWCtih's HeUn. 



163 



i: 



Bometiltiest pvpn nature lu-rself ia nn- 
fortunately fonaken, to paint after the 
fictitious modeU of artiliciat life, or 
the false an<l hybrid creations of dis- 
l«nper«(! minda. Iq the lighter worVB 
, alto of firtinn, society in making too 
constant and pressing a demand on 
the resources of gcoiun ; the demand 
is 8o great and uaremitted, as to 
urge on the supply at its greatest 
velocity. TTie saloons of fashion, the 
sofas nf vanity and idlcnrss, the vacant 
hours of the ivn montlui of rural life 
(alas ! no more) ivhen London dis- 
gorges her pale and emaciated victims 
info the arms of Nature, to renew, if 
possible, their wasted energica, to re- 
pair their fadeil charms, and restore 
their dissipated thoughts — all these 
arc for ever crj-in? for fresh supplies 
<jf the only food which their impaired 
digestion can receive. " When will 
i/rar Mr. [fook, orcharming Mr. Lister, 
orthatdclightfuIraanMr.Bulwcr, with 
bis Eugene Aram, whom I doat on — 
when will Mrs. Gore or Mrf . Sullivan, 
gr\'cus another week's nrau.scment? "=- 
is the incessant cry, aery that e^itcnds 
from the drawing-rooms of -■Vrlington 
street and Wilton Crijscent, to tbe 
vales of Chiiiteuham, and the springs of 
Matlock; and which is heard for ever 
c^ing for food, from the locust 
swarms that are darkening the sands 
of every southern bay. and BfTrighttai; 
the roode^ and astonished Naiads of 
every brcerj* shore. There is no won- 
der that a tale like this should rouse 
Messrs. Colburn and Bmllpy from 
Huh filumbers, and that they should 
speed off to the chambers of their ex- 
pecting authors, with their well-ftlled 
and gtTttering purwrs in ihcir hands. 
" If a checqae. Sir, on mv banker, for 
)3(HH., a small sum I grant, inferior to 
your merits, hut wc must consider the 
times — if yon should feel willing tojrt 
tu> 9p hy Easter, three volume*, I 
than cvn-ftder the matter conctuded." 
—A chccque, a fascinating, smiling 
norcrau, ts laid on the tahfe, the 
generous puhlt.sher departs, the author 
thinks of his bills aod hts creditors, 
racks hu brain for a subject, and th« 
work is forthwith put out of band. 
Ji^kardaon spent his life in writing 
three novels ; Goldrmith. the fascinat- 
ing Ooldsmith, produced but one; the 
number of FieMrng't clever and gra- 
phic inu&trations of life, were few ; 



but our modem authors, under the 
potent and controlling intlaencc which 
we mentioned, and with the ' Auri 
sacra fames' to instigate them, pro- 
duce their ofTspring, like the smaller 
anittials, twice or thrice a-year ; their 
gestations are short, and their da- 
liverics rapid ia succession : but it is 
the destiny of man to submit, whether 
reloctantiy or willingly, to the law* 
to which nature has coDfined him ; 
what is rapid In growth. i« seldom 
lasting ; what is easily obtained 
is not often valuable when acquired* 
so we must confess, that the produc- 
tions of the Minerva, or Venas, or 
Hiatus Press, or by whatever name it 
Dowgoes, ' quocunqoe nomine gaudot,' 
are seldom finished to exactness, tel- 
dom harmonious in their design, coa- 
ststcnt in their composition, or eqaal 
in their execution. Wc arc now speak- 
ing of the ver>- best and foremost of 
these works, the aristocracy of the 
talent, the ' London particular' — aa for 
the remainder, they are the worthless 
spawn of addled heads, and air-blown 
vanities, and vitiated feelings, and 
mistaken judgments, arul superficial 
acquirements, and restless ambition, 
which like a foreat-fly, is peipetually 
settling itself on all new comers, suck- 
ing their blood, and teasing them to 
madness and death. Having thus 
safely conducted off the lightning of our 
^leen, we forthwith commence an 
account of Mi«s Kdgeworth's Helen. 

The heroine. Miss Helen Stanley, is 
the daughter of a Coloocl and Uulr 
Stanley, who being dead, sW is 
brought up and educated by her unci* 
Dean Stanley, and is the presumptive 
heireAs of his fortunes. But Dean 
Stanley, like nomo other deans, thooght 
more of his outgoing than his in- 
comings; was fond of all elegant and 
curious tnstfs ; haunted Christie's, bid 
at Robins's, had buhle tables and 
choice bron?cs ; was a collector of 
rare books, bought first Shakspearc's, 
and early romances ; had a charming 
taste for Paul Potter's and Hobbima'a 
landscapes ; Smirke improved the 
denery, and Giipin laid nut the 
gwmaJi ; iu short, when he died, no- 
thing of alt his supposeil wealth re- 
mained for poor Helen. The novel 
commences just af^er the Dean's death, 
when his niece was removed to the 
vicarage, and placed with her 



I 



I 



I 



■A 



I6S 



RinKW.— MIbs Edgcwortb's Heku, 



tionatc and wim friends, Mr. aod Mrs. 

tCtollin^wood. The morat o( the story, 

I far i» ruganU tbe licruinc, is cosily 

veloped : — * sum of luoocy hod bcrn 

lid aside by the Dean as a provision 

br his niece, before be contracted faia 

■rn debu. and waa platMl with aa 

bid fricod Cotonot Manro, but who 

ting; ordered out to India, returned 

[ to the Dean. Thi» letter tbc Dean 

iived on his death-bed, and bad 

t strength to write on it — 

* Tbdt iQODey U rovni Uetrn Stanley ; 

» ODe bu any elaim to it. Viliim 1 un 

, consnlt Mr. Collio^ood, cooiider 

I tfl yoar cUAnlian." 

Thus wua Ht'len's title to it clear 
Dd jost, but neither her destitution 
ntbout it. the clearness and absolute- 
I of the gift, nor the remonstrances 
of Mr. Collingwood, could induce her 
to accept it ; she gave it up to the 
creditors of her uncle, and had left 
for her«elf a very sniall pittance — her 
mother's fortune. This was the first 
sacrifice made of herself and her in- 
terests to others : the first exhibition 
of that ' moral covrag^, which, though, 
uncommon in both sexes, u yet, on 
going through the world, equally 
necessary to the virtue of both men 
and women ! All young ladies have 
some wry particular Jritrmil, to whom 
they pntrusl all tlii'ir xecrets, consult 
in all their difFicullics, and impart the 
history of all their triumphs; Helen 
was not without hvr'n — Lady Cecilia 
Oavenaut, only daughter of lilarl and 
Countess Davenant. The Countess 
was a woman of superior sense, sa- 
gacity, and goodness of ^spositjoo. 
The Karl wai a man nf honmi talent, 
tomHkiiiy likf Lord Vrry, only a gt\<Mt 
dfal atouter and nttirr mhimud; a sort 
of hybrid between Lord tJri-y and the 
Duke of Buckingham. ^Vhi|L• Helen 
ia with the C-»llingwouds. she reads 
in a paper of tht; marriage of hex 
friend with General Clarendon at 
Paris. Soon af^r, she receives a 
letter from Cecilia, rcmtndmg her of 
her promise to stay with her after her 
marriage, and inviting her to meet 
them at their house. Our readers 
most be content to suppoee that she 
wcat, that ehe was kissed, made 
much of, and domesticated at Claren- 
don Park ; that the General aluiie was 
rather cold and fonnal ; that Hilen nat 
L and read a grciit deal with Lndy Ua- 



venant. and that slic soon becanw 
particularly tntvmtetl with the pc- 
niMl of some MS. letteni, by Mr, 
Granville Beauclerc. who tunu out 
to be a ward of the General. Cecilia 
Claiendon is ■ very kind, affectionate, 
and amiable person, and devotedly 
attached to Helen. But she has one 
great and fatal fault, that exercised its 
disturbing and jternicious influence 
upon her conduct — on indeci&ioD, a 
cowardice of character, which was for 
ever showing itself in framing little 
/aUe cxctises, and denying little tme 
atatementd, when any ditfirultics arose 
which rvxiuired courage and truth lo 
overcome; and sacrificing real happi- 
neas, in the fear of giving a momeot's 
pain. Unfortuoatoljr (perhafu we ought 
to use the opposite word) for her. 
General Clarendon is n man of firm 
decided character, of no vacillation, no 
flexibility, no modification, inclin- 
ing to obstinacy, and demanding a 
plain yea and nay. Miss Clarenik)n, 
his sister, is the General himself in 
alto relievo, with all hi? virtues and 
their accompanying defects pushed 
to the extreme. Beauctcrc in invited 
to Clarendon Park, and comes. Ow-J 
ing to what Cecilia had let out to 
Ht-len of the wishes and hnpca that 
n/aetki»g tfionUt nmf of this visit of 
Beauclerc in thu itame house with Mioa 
Stanley, Helen felt embarrassed, and 
awkward, and confused ; and Cecili^j 
finding her friend in a dilemma through 
her manrruvering, and hearing that 
Beauclerc had been philandering with 
a Lady Blanche Forrester at Florence, 
in order to »cl Jlflm at rose, now tella 
her that B^aucUrr i* ajftancrd to tki$ 
lady, and that «Ae iiuiy cotuider Aim an a 
MARKian MAK. Thus Helen is set at 
eatic, an Cecilia meant she should be, 
but at the expense of truth ; for Ce- 
cilia's usual way of getting out or j 
difficulties prevailed.—" After all," 
said she to herself, "tbou^ it waa 
not absolutely true, it was bm trovalo ; 
it was as near the truth as possible. 
Ilcauclerc's l>csl friend really found 
that he was falling in love with the 
lady in question. It was very likely, 
and loo likely, it might end in his 
marrying thisLndy Blanche, Aod on 
every account, and every way, it waa 
for the bciit that llrlen should consider 
him an u morrii-d utau. This would 
restore Helen by one magical stroke la 



1834.] 



RsTiEW. — Miss Eflgenorth'ii Helen. 



hcnelf, and releuc her from thaC 
wretched state in which ahe could 
neither please oor be pleased. " — Re- 
leased from her previous constraint, 
and knowing that no de^i^ns can he 
suspected on her part, Helen behaves 
to Bcanclerc with Uic unsuspicious 
frankness of common intercourse. lie 
amuses himself in dnllyin.B; between 
his two " puppebi/' Lady Blanche and 
Helen, and feels in no hurry to make 
hia choice. The even tenoor of life 
at Clarendon Park proceeds. Dut now 
the house in filled wilhcouipany, and. 
among others, a Mr. Horace Churchill 
arrives, a man of the town, of high 
repute in the circles of fathion, and 
wit, and party; a sort of mixture of Afr. 
TTtwjrfor? Hiviic, hnrd Pftmiham, arui 
Sir Jamn Atarkinittth ; to short, such a 
character as, we arc afraid, consists of 
materials not conveniently to be coU 
lected out of the stratum of a single 
brain. Of course, two such men as 
Beauclerc and Churchill could not 
exist in the same sphere. They be- 
come jealous of each other*, suspicious, 
irross, and diHUfirevable : ■ thousand 
petty irritations aro»c, ritlicidous jea- 
lonnes, and mutual di^^comtitures. 
Beauclerc, however, notwithstanding 
his rival's superior brilliancy of parts 
and knowledge of the world, is the 
favourite of the fair. All women like 
men to speak of them with respect and 
eeriousness, all bitdina'jf on the subject 
is jealously sur^'eycd.jiPDM^yf at once 
ruins theunhappy wight whouttcmit; 
and CliurchiU talks on the subject of 
ladies and of love as men talk at Ar- 
thur's club-house, or at the mess- 
room of the Guanls. A sudden mania 
for Hawiin^. ilerived from looking at 
a picture of Wouvermans, seizes both 
the gentlemen. They read Turberville 
and Markham, pore over Lady Ju- 
liana Berners, and entertain ho(ie8 uf 
rivalling the ne ver- to- be -forgot ton- 
but-always-deeply-rcmembcred hawk- 
ing of the emperor Arambomboberus, 
with his Trebizontan ea^leo. Beau- 
clerc, however, when matters art- just 
ripe, and tlie Tercelets and Ger-falcona 
arrive, gives up the scheme to his rival 
under the pivit^cp that he cannot 
afford it. In vain the ladies endea- 
vour to worm nut of him his bosom- 
secret, to ascertain his reel motive. 
At length, a mistake of a letter proveti 
that he baa given the money intended 



imp- M 

tngs ■ 

:riiie ■ 

Faa- V 



for the hawks to Mr. Thomas Camp- 
bell, for the Polish £xiiejr. So things 
proceed till the arrival of Lady Katrine 
Hawkaln'. a faded. wit, and her beau- 
tiful married sLster, l^y Castlefort, 
plus b«lle que fe'e! — yet, different aa 
they are, both agreeing in one thing 
— their cordial hatred of Helen ; and 
the demon eyes of jea!ou.iy and envy 
arc fixed upon her. Lady Davenant 
departs on business, and IL ChurcbUI 
has ruined himself with Helen by the 
meanness he showed with regard to a 
poetess whom he patroniicd. Half 
bantering, half playfully, he made a 
sort of /eiut nf an o^er. Helen took 
him seriously, and was glnd of the 
opportunity at once of blowing away 
his hopes. He thanked her for her 
candour — for her great care of his 
happiness. In anticipating a danger 
which might be so fatal to him ; but 
he really was not aware that be hail 
said anything that required so serious 
an answer. Of course, she insures hi» 
hatred, and he departs on a visit — to 
his Majesty. Meanwhile, as Beau- 
clerc 's assiduities becumemore remark- 
able. Helen's behaviour appears to him 
singularand capricious. She, of coarse, 
on Cecilia's authority, looks on him as 
mgagttl : conseiiuently. the first symp- 
tom of tenderness alarms her virtue — 
she blames herself— determines to con - 
sider him as a brother — a friend; built 
Is not very easy for young ladies to look 
on a young gentleman in that manner; 
Lady Katherinc 'a lynx eyes were on her, 
and Lady Castlefort begins a strong 
flirtation with him. Beauclerc, in the 
meantime, ignorant of Cecilia's repre- 
tienlattons, to Helen's astonishment 
makes her an ofTcr. She, half fright- 
ened, half indignant, wonders, half 
s{M>nkit. and does all but explain : for 
Cecilia had bound her to ^ecresy ; and, 
dismissing him in all points of view 
but as K friend, the lovers part. Ce- 
cilia now owns that Beauclerc is not 
going to be married ; that It is all on 
invention of her'a ; and, as Helen laya 
to her, — " to save her from a little 
foolish embarrassment at firsts she 
made them miserable at last.'' 

What might have been repaired, Ce- 
cilia's continued prevarications atill 
prolong, and more deeply perplex. To 
avoid the shame of confessing her first 
deception, she went on to another and 
another step In the»e foolish eva&iona* 



I 



A 








r, wiMi ahr vnfc Iwc of Abt 




MBk and mid iMsi 

koe." Wc 
Ifac mk whidi 



•f .ikt ttUMuk itfeokd bjr poor C«- 
cffis^ -wmIomm and iBMartrih^; bat 
«« «M aoC ■aHLJiwh the deU^kt 
vMch Mr rM4cs« mU CmI whn tU; 
fOTM* tb* «c«fc itMlC «ad ob«n« tbc 
pgaytMy, good •oue, a»d adheruDe 
to tfotk HMt natoj-r, with wbidi tbe 
COJChiif of the »tory U dedacvd froB 
(W pnvimui ciicutnatuiccs. IWr will 
ind ia die whole talccoiuiiduaHs va- 
riatjr of tnddcat, tttw^rimiaatinn nf rha 
TwdMi, and ■ounfinwqf idfanoa, va^ 
iti|,iliil \rf m happjr inlrrabtaiv of 
rirni— Unew, aad »ljtraeil by drver 
lUatagDc, iflKtniom coovenalian, and 
tiapfn' rvpwttes. The work u codi- 
powd te (ood tute aad feeling ; the 
«tofy i* «^ afrftafed ; the charactere 
VMiMilcirt) aad tbs moral iBoM worthy 
•f|H«iM. Thirc ivoooxannation— 
1M uvvr-cokiuriag — oor the camrooQ 
'Mart of a f«w parts highly finished 
and brilliant, ut ihr t-i F>mB« of the rcit 
ifktmii, n of etyla— DO 

iliog 'I J leotfACca— ao 

I of Ai ia a c h'*— no ditquiulions 
pagrt of iQUlime 
^otaanUc rluuiiJrrit, 'ITic 
Ct«iii, U<J«.u, CuciUa, 




■ayaadnli aad pww 
' with the Gtaenil 
■■ the mmt 
than 
Thai Uclm 
-I wf hoaoor 
to her fctfUaH friaad lao tfw. ia eact 
oTthc MMaloTthebook. aaaw,i^ 
i | I 'I i m vaa aoc feaad gf 
la iha Gaaasal k^ be«m. 
— -^ T^ i M aal Bfltoavcea 
t h ai e h iea waff dMy»yp wai « h c d 
■a* the 4c«pcrt (wtt; aad we 
acta haaa aara juike dooe 
aaafcar rthtn> How &r the chaiac- 
ter (tf Oiciba waa ever fnwtil to have 
captiratod the hauteTtht GcMnl. wc 
aurt aiM lake Inwv to doaht; fv 
■iaia. daw aii ahc aad tena^ed as 
he waa, irivoficTaad &l*cho«d w«re 
■otlMjrtaheJbUchoMe. Lattfllta- 
waat 18 caeeOaat i oac of thoae aoUe 
wrTiawhniiiiiaiiiiaallyappeartomve 
whole iuai&a Uvm noa. The order 
ot the iaddeata i the gradatioo in the 
pi a y— flf gaflk aad faUy ; the still 
iarwaiiatnn4iiitiie of lal^bood and 
artifice ; the B i a ii j of the Tjctim. «v«n 
when iu wretched fliauy coiAtfttvy 
ha» for theMo— nt eaccetded ; itsabor* ' 
tiff« raaalatMai ; it» ptuilb&imous t«j' 
treau j all thie la dacribed with Truth«l 
feacc. aad aatanL Mtaa CUruuJoQ i»| 
pcriufM a little ovetcbai^, fui the 
ufce uf ci»lx«»t - ■ill), (u prtfajfrve the j 
ooity of tile fable, the CollmgwDoJa j 
might haTc bean bro^iht back. aadia>j 
tcnnixcd irttfa the tcnaioatioa and oa- 
tait r oph f ; this lai^t hairc been ar- 
raaged without dtAcuby. 

History ^ thr CkriMtiim Chirch, Bf 
Robert Stubbing. 3 toI. fLondtmj 

WE do not, aatcK^t all our fai«in> 
ric Uboun, poeeeas an Eccleeiaatical 
Hiatory, such ai the Kholar and the 
thfotocian demand, N'eithrr Moaheim 
Dor Milocr pmsvM ihat fullness ttf 
detail, that depth or iiivr«ti^Li<Mi, ibat 
copiousneaa ol' infunnatioo. and that 
union of loanuaf and philo&ophy 
which ara neoeaury to cuiirrout tho 
grcaCDCM, aad pierce into the diiBcul- 
ticsof the lubject. In the abficncc of 
sucli a wnt4>r (and where ia he tu be 
fuuuU;) Mr, Stvbbiu^UasdQUca very 



I 
I 



1834.] Revirw. — Stcbbing's J^sforif of tke (ytrist'mn Cfatreh. 



moccptablc scr\'icc in Uu! abriilgeil, tut 
Accurate account which he has here 
given. Wc do not know that more 
information could be comprcsseil into 

i' his pages, or more camJour or impttr- 
tinlitv of judi^ent bruuglittn the cuu- 
■iderotion of subjects. XhtX. have but 
too oflcu awaken«i the [mssions, and 
fostered the prejudices of those who 
came to their discussion. We icconi- 
tncnd a iwrusal of what is said on the 
doctrine of Election in vol. I. p. 2S2. 
&c. In the second volume, t!ic his- 
tory of that remarkable pcison Hil- 
debrnnd, afterwards Gregory VII., 
is (old with great spirit and interest. 
With regard to the most extvoordinar)* 
scandal nf Uic Romish Church (the 
pontilicatc of the Pn/wss Joa»), the 
^utlior does not pretend tn decide a 
•quratinn. which the (.'hurch to which 
•SMK belonged still holds as a matter 
of historic dispute. The very lenmeil 
'Spanheim brought all his vast erudi- 
4inn, hii ncuteneKH, and his zeul to the 
Buliject, and contended for the veracity 
of tlic fact. The Roman Catholics 
eay, that without disturbing the whole 
chroniclers nf the Pontiffs, ihey can- 
tiot find a sjHicffor ffiosv (uu> i/eara and 
a hilf in wAieA the rriyned ; but wc 
must leave the question to be settled 
by gentlemen whose nam^s all begin 
wttli B. Baroniua, fla«nage. and 
Bayle. The acco'int nf the tearneil 

I' and unfortunate Abclord, and the sum- 
mary of his theological opinions, is 
fpven with grent clearness and in an 
Qtcresting manner at p. 2GG. 'Ilic 
liatarttl acutencsn of his mind seems 
1o "have been very great, and his eru- 
dition extensive, but clouded with 
mysticism, and weakened and wasted 
on bubjccts too remote, or too lufty 

Yor human speculation. We will give 
M specimen of the style and manner of 
masoning of the famed lover of Etotsa, 
on one of hi« favoarite subjects of 
inquiry. 

" God oanno^t do anytUiiiK Imt wb.u 
doe« do, aad ranaot do all that lia dues 
not do, because God can only do wh&t he 
-willa, but (10 cannot will to do aaythhij; 
tat what he do« do, becatuw; it is nfctr- 
wry fur him, that br shnutd will what. 
«v«r is eoflpfDira/. Vnim wlieTim it fol- 
lows, that wliatcTf r he does not do. is not 
convenient, that be cannot will tu do it, 
Consrt|Ucnt1]t that he ranuut do it." 

Ho him-iflf owiiK. that thin U his 
GcKT. Mao. Voi . II. 



189 



particular notion, that scarce anybody 
else h of this opinion ; that it seems 
contrary to the doctrine of the Saints 
and of reason, and to derogate from 
the greatness of God. " Hereupon 
he states a very difficult objection. — 
' A reprobate (he says> may be saved, 
for he knows no being but what God 
does save, wherefore God may save 
him, and consetiuDnlly do soraethinfi 
which is not ueceitsary to be done' 
To this he replies — ' that one might 
very well assert, that auch a man 
might he saved, by Me relation to ike 
poanhilittf nf human uaturp, which is 
capable of salvation ; but that it could 
not be atfirmed, that God could save 
him, if we have respect to Gud him- 
self, fiecnude it is impossible that God 
Hhould ilo anything but what he ought 
to do.' He explains thin by several 
examples — ' A man who speaks may 
hold his tongue; but it is impossible 
for one who speaks to be at the same 
time tiilent. A man's voice may be 
heard, but one who n deaf cannot hear 
it. A field may be cultivated and 
tilled^ thouj!;h a man might not culti- 
vate it.' " In thi» manner, deciding on 
subjects beyond human coinpreheusion, 
and mistaking formularies of words 
and expressions, for ideas and things, 
did this man, as singularly learned as 
he was singularly unfortunate, con- 
sume his toilsome and studious days, 
only varied by asking questions on 
di^cult passages in Scripture, pro- 
posetl to him by Ht^lo'ite. He ended 
his days at the C!onvent of St. Mcnil, 
near Chalons, where he was kindly 
seot from Clusni, in hopes that the 
salubrious climate and bi-aulifui »cc- 
nery, would calm his troubled spirits, 
and soothe the infinnitics which 
weighed him down. }fc dieil at the 
age of 63, leaving behind him the re- 
putation of having been the most 
learned and acute, as well the (irst of 
those scholars wlio brouj^ht into full 
and systematic action the powerful 
machinery of Dialectics, 



Th% 






Philosophy nf tji^latioH. ftif 
Alexander Mundcll, Ks(). m34. 
TH 1 S is the work of a clear-headed, 
acute. ex|wrirnced man ; of one con- 
versant with those subjects which 
nre connected with the constitution and 
government of the country, and w 
Z 



and M 
whti^B 



170 



Revikw. — Mundell's Philosopht/ of Legishtion. 



CAog 



has forninl his opiaions on them with 
BhrcndocsB anil impartiality. Thonc 
parts of hi3 work that relate to the 
Corn Laws, and to the lawn relating 
to Money, nrc peculiarly worthy of 
consideration ; and the former arc> 
workrd out to their conclusions witli 
mach accurate attention tu the dutaila, 
and with a tbrct of evidence which ia 
irresistible. With regard to the 
Church, we much approve the mode- 
ration and justice of the author's ocn- 
timi^ats. lie is, as most persons arc, 
for the Commutation of TTMf, upon the 
average of seven years, and the amount 
of the cxchangcalilc value, or money 
so fixed, should be paid to the clergy- 
man, 'lliift he ju«tty considers a su* 
nerior plan to that proposed in the 
Irish Uill, to which hid objections are : 

" That if the rent-charge En lieu of 
tithp, that b to be laiil upon the land, 
fihal) not be redt-e-mi'il furtliwtth, and the 
price of tbe redemption laid out In the 
purduMi of land, the rent'Charge will bc- 
voma ejccewtre, if money continuca Co 
riae In exchangeable valao ; or it will be- 
come inadequate if money again begins tu 
fall lu exchntigcablo value ; hut if the 
price should be forthwith Int'd out in the 
porchsae of land, then this ohjectiun 
■rise*, that loo mueA land becoma vnied 
IK marlmaia. 

" In ninking thii) commutalion. care 
must be token not to put any ttintiny 
clerffyman in a btttrr t/r vorue nituation 
than ho aow is ; bat as it mny thereby 
appear that anmo clcrgynica are over- 
providpil, while the provision of othert 
IS altogether insufficient, tbis opportunity 
shoiikt be taken to make an adf<|iutte pm- 
viaion for the Churcb ujmhi and after the 
tcnaination of each ciinling interest 
therein. Not that hvings ihoald be 
equalitrd, or tbst rlergymen should be 
prevented from leanag one living to go 
to another, but each pcrcon going to 
auuther living must take ii aa that other 
had it. Wt^altlt is a mean of tMcfulness 
as well OS of rmabtian ; and no Induce* 
Bient to escrtion ihouIJ ho taken from 
the clergy which operates wiili olhiT men. 
Tbo removal of a minister nay often he 
salutary. Every thing in nature is tn- 
vigurated by cbsnge, and moo is not an 
exception to the rule. Ho is not tra- 
proved by being stalionrry or eonflned. 
but by the colliiion with which h« ia 
broaghl into contort. Hut the property 
■St apart for the Church, u to be pre- 
sarveu to the Church. No part of it Is 
to be diverted ffom its purpone, which is 
bMi promoted by the distribution of it 



from time to time sd circumstances may 
rcijoiro, proTidtid nothing be taken from 
any existing tenant of its property.** 

Our author soys, p. 47, 

" Every t-lergyman should perform his 
duli(>H ill prrson. Whnlwonid be said of 
a judge of the land if he were to perfona 
his doty by a substitute." < 

To this we answer imprimis — one 
cause of a clergj'man's doing duty 
through a deputy or curate, la from 
his plurality— h'H plurality is g;ivcD 
<we arc not tiow taking extreme cases) 
fur his decent maintenance, witli which 
he would not otherwise be provided. 
A Judge's Mulctry iV equal to twbmtv 
LIVINGS, at the average of 30UJ. a- 
year a piece. 

2d. The Apostolic regulations, uid 
the rubric of the Church, set apait dif- 
ferent services of the Church to the 
different orders of the Church. 

3d. A Judge, when superannuated, 
retires, and makes room for au effec- 
tive successor. A Clergyman, when 
incapable of doing duty, must perform 
his duties by deputy, as he cannot 
relintjiuish his preferment. 

4th. The Judges occasionoUy do 
perform their duties by substitute. 

Lastly. There is on essential differ- 
ence between a Judge presiding at a 
trial, where his knowledge, experi- 
ence, and sagacity are required to be 
constantly awake, and which perhajts 
no other person in the same prufcssiun 
could supply ; and a clergyman per* 
furming duties, which do not so much 
recjoire immediate intellectual exer- 
tion, as those moral qualities, that 
piety, that temper, and that benevo- 
lence, which are prrsumtd to belong to 
his brethren equally with himself. 

Again, the author says. Clergymen 
do receive fees, and those of a very 
questionable description. There is t 
marriage fee — a baptism fee — a burial 
fee — a sacramental donation. Now 
we never heard of a baptismal or 
aacramcntal fee. Certainty we nevertook 
one. It is not ollowetl by nur Church 
to take a fee for the administration of 
asacrament; but wc think the /ees ofr- 
j«eiiomtbtf, because they ore not larger 
in amount. It is absurd to compare 
clerical fees with thoae of the profea- 
sioDs of law or physic i and it is 
only through fees, that a large number 
of Christians attending the duty ofiht 



I 

I 



'1*^3 



Hrview.— Forbes's Jacohite Memoin, 



\7\ 



horch, and availing Uiproselves of 
Ithc offices or the Church, ever contri- 
ilmtc an^ihing towards the Church. 
[ViTiat do the inhftbitanta, the ahop- 
ucepcrs, Iraiiesmrn of a country town, 
Itontribute towards the niointrnance of 
|tbeir minister — abaolutcly nothing. 

We have, however, dwelt bo long 
[fin this one branch and divisioD of the 

Qbjccts on our autlior's work, that we 
\tAa only earnestly recommend the pe- 

Dsa] or the whole. 



taeobi/K Mfmairi of tkt Reh^Uion of 
1745. Ediini bif Robert Chambers, 
from the MSS. 0/ the late Itiffht Jiev. 
Robert Forbes, Bishop of the Scotch 
Epitcopal Church. 1834. 

WORKS, like t!ie present, are the 
ulhcatic and valuable materials of 
stOTj. They have a twofold claim to 
ttenliou : — in the first place, as tcnd- 
bg to the advanceineut of truth in the 
iwhicb they record ; and secondly, 
I gradually tending to hit up and com- 
'ete the ecncral circle of English hjs- 
Ory. AU history has some portions 
its narrative more defective than 
hers; authentic materiala, or full dc- 
lils, are wanting ; an<I the historian 
to lament, without the power of 
airing, theimperfection of his work; 
at aa Nature abhors a vacuum, so 
Dan's curiosity diiiUkcs a chasm or 
acancy in its knowledge ; conse- 
quently, when truth is absent, un- 
fortunately faJsehond, or conjecture, 
the parent of falsehood, will be present; 
hence the severe sarc&am of Walpolc — 
^* Don't read history, for tliat must be 
t lie." The ancient historians, in or- 
3cr to fill up these f^lphs, and cover 
the nakedness of thuir information, 
acd to invent long and eloquent ora- 
'ons, which they put in the mouths 
bf their illuEtrioua pcr»onnge5 v — llan- 
nilml grew eloquent as Livy prompted ; 
and CyruH, with Xenophon'a under- 
standing to hack him, became a per- 
fect and persuasive orator. Speeches, 
however, arc nut of fashion now ; and 
opinions and conjectures, and political 
and religious reasonings, and party 
feelings, fill their place. This is all 
veiy amusiog and instructive to those 
who have time nod patience to hear 
cotmsel on both sides — Hume and 
Macaulay, RobL-rt»oti and Stuart, Fox 
LHBd Rose. Godwin and D'Isracli, Lin- 



he 

m 

thi. 

^^asc< 

^i«rti 



gard and Soothey, exchange very in- 
genious reasonings, propose very 
recondite inductions, advance very 
brilliant analogies, and ask our assent 
to very overwhelming and ponderous 
arguments ; but, in the mean time, a 
few dncumcQtit found in .sunic moulder- 
ing old cheat, or a moth-eaten paper in 
the cabinet of some dilapidated family- 
mansion, would render a11 tht-t smoke 
and thunder of the argumentative ar- 
tillery quite useless. Sudi [ia|M*rs the 
curiosity and industrious n-bearch of 
the present ages are constantly bringing 
to light. Ellis's Letters, the March- 
mont Papers, the State Trials, the Me- 
moirs of Charles the First, and others, 
have been of great service, and Govcrn- 
rnent has stiti a duty to perform in 
forwarding the publication of the great 
mass tif historical documents that it 
possesses in it* various offices. With 
such assistance, and on such materials 
alone, can history be properly or ad- 
Tantageonsly formed ; and we trust, 
that when the time arrives, there will 
not be wanting a Mackintosh or a 
Haliam to hold up the light of phi- 
losophy, to animate the historic maoa, 
and with the commanding and ruling 
power of genius, ditipose into efficient 
forms the materials which industry 
collected. 

Mr. Forbes was niioiater of the 
Ejiiscopal congregation at Leith ; bat 
when i'rince Charles was on his de- 
scent from the H ighlands, having given 
suspicion to the officers of stole, he 
was apprehended at St. Ninian's, Sep- 
tember 17'4r>. and imprisoned till the 
following May. After regaining hig 
liberty, he lived in the house of the 
Dowager Lady Brown, of Kinross, 
within the walls of Cromwell's citadel ; 
here he steadily pursued his design of 
collecting from tlie mouths of the sur- 
vivorii of the enterpriitc such narratives 
and anecdotes as they could give from 
their nwn knowledge, or as eye.wit- 
nesnes. His papers he regularly tran- 
scribed upon octavo sheets, w^hich gra- 
dually formed volamcs ; and nothing 
can excred the neatness, distinctness, 
and accuracy with which the whole 
task was performed. He saw part of the 
individuals who were apprehended for 
their concern in the I'riuce's L-scape. 
as they returned through the ScutUsU 
capital to theirhomes in the Highlands. 
The collection ultimately filled teoj 





Review.— Forbes's Jacobite Memoirs, 



volumes, was boanJ in black. And 
•tytcil "The Lion in Mourning." The 
firU Uirce volumes bear date 174? ; the 
next three 1748; the seventh 1749; 
the eighth 1750; the ninth 176) ; and 
tenth, 177.''. To ihcsu volumes arc 
attached bomc singular Bjiccimcoa of 
the writer's loyalty, in the shapp of 
fflies. In one is a small slip of thick 
blue .lilk cloth, beneath which IS written 
— "The above i» a piece of the Prince's 
garter;" below, on a smaH square piece 
of printed lioen, in lilac on a white 
ground, with the following inscription 
— " The abovi; is a jircce of the iden- 
tical i/oum which the Prince wore for 
four or live days, when he was obliged 
to disguise himself in a female dress, 
under the name of Bettte Burke :" then 
follows a slip of tape — " The above is 
a piece of that identical apron-atrinij 
which the Prince wore about him when 
in the female dress, 'ilie abovf fti^ [ 
rvccivi-^lout of Miss Mora Muciiunald'it 
hiuids, on Thursday, Nov. 5, 1747» 
when / sate the apron, atid had it about 
me. Robert Forbes, A.M." Then comes 
a little bit of the Prince's tartan, which 
had been hid for a year in the cltft of 
a rock, and fieeet of the eight-oared 
boat on board of which Donald Mn- 
cleod set out with the Prince after 
the battle of Cullodeii ; and lastLy, 
and Huper-cminently, two hits nf one 
i^ Ihr ltu/9 of thear itUnUieal hrogwn 
which the Prince woie when in a 
female dress under the name of Bcttie 
HurkF, as bondmaid to Mies Flora 
Mccdonald. 

In 1762 Mr. Forbes wan chosen 
BUhop ofCaithne&s and the Orkneys ; 
he died ia 177C, and was the last 
fai«hop whose charge wan restricted to 
Caithneaa and the Orkneys. 

This work remained for about thirty 
years in the possession of Bishop 
Forbtrs's widow, and was sold to Sir 
Henr>- Slouart of Allcrlon, who was 
employed mi » history of the attempts 
to restore thcStuart family ; but which, 
from ill-health, he was obliged to ro- 
linqiiish. In the autumn nf 1833, 
when Mr. Charulwrs was at Allertnn- 
house, the Luon was once more brought 
out to the light of day, and it was 
winely resolved that a selection of the 
Memoirs should be printcil ; h'aving it^ 
•ays the tditor, to sumc more fortunate 
uiuividual to cunipnsi.- frum tliat and 
other ftouiLti. what is atiH oo wanting 



fill. Hit. V 



to our literature, a history of the Re- 
bellion of 1745. It is only to be added, 
that the Editor is pri'jiared tu find a 
Burpriee, approaching to incredulity/ 
manifL'sleti ri-ispucting several of the 
subjects illustrated in the volume; — 
" the humanity displayed, and the re> 
gnlar ami liDnnumlile payments made 
on all ciccasiuns by the Chevalier, in 
contrast with the /I'ceiwe nnd harbaritif 
Wiwfoy tkffint time f^ll^ hroHght home 
to the ro^alarmy, will hardly fail to dis- 
turb some of the prepossessions of the 
English reader. Tlie extraordinary- 
outrage, the common thefl, for it can 
Ik! called no less, attributed to the 
Duke of Cumberland, n.^ well as his 
singularly brutal inhumanity, will rise 
so for bcynud all preconceived notions. 
even of one who in his own time 
thought nothing of bt'ing called ■■ the 
Uutcher,' that I can harilty bojic to sec 
that part of the work received without 
cuntrovcnty." 

The documents in this work that 
support the above assertion, and which 
extend from p. 367 to 348, ap|>car to 
have all the evidence of undisputed and 
acknowledged fact ; and if so, mutt 
stamp the whole English array, from 
the Duke to tlic private, with cruelly, 
barbarity, aud infamy not to be pa- 
ralleled; the details are frightful, such 
as can hardly be credited, but which 
it seems impossible to refute ; all the 
fury of the most sa^ikgc passions seems 
to have been unrestrained ; and those 
who should have bt'en the foremost to 
repress them, arc the leading instru- 
ments of the cruelty. Tlie account of 
the IVincc's wandehogs luid escape, is 
given with a fullness of detail, aud with 
an authenticity that was never before 
approached. It rests on the successive 
authority of Colonel O'Neil, Edward 
Burke, Donald Maclcud, Miss Flora 
Macdcnald. Captain Donald Macdo* 
nald, Malcolm Macteod, and John 
Mackinnon ; thus filling up and coot- 
pleiing tin- atl ventures and escapes that 
seemed all but miraculous, and wluch 
terminated at length un the igth nf 
September, when the Prince lefi Scot- 
land in a French vessel, never a',;ain to 
set foot in that country^ which thu 
folly, bigotry, and tyranny of hi>i au- 
restors hod deprived him uf. and which 
Ids courage and chivalry could OQl 
regain. 



I 




1834.] 



Review.— Clarke's TaIe$from Chaucer. 




Tain from Chaueer. in Prtue, chif^ 
tipaiffned/vr the ua^ of young jtermtu. 
Sijf Cbarica Cowilcn Claike. Itlug- 
troivd by fhurlem H'ood-enyraviiif/f. 

IT is th(! tlUtinctivu and peculiar 
privilege or true genius that, however 
obsolcti; the language may become in 
which, at ih*} time ul writing, she em- 
bodied her iilran, she will still over- 
come the rust which seeks to ohsaire 
her brigbtneu ; that, in proportion aa 
changes in terms aad modes of speak> 
ing and writing have rendered her ob- 
scure, in such proportion will she call 
up echolara nnd cummentators to dc< 
feud her from the assaults of time, and 
to keep her uuqucnchcd spirit still in 
B position to illuminate the worlil. 
8a has it been with Chaucer, the true 
poetic fire of whose writings, the jus- 
tice of whose descriptions, the philo. 
Bophy of whose understanding, have 
commanded the veneration and ap- 
plause of all succeeding ages. 

If even a Dryden or a Pope attempts 
to paraphrase Ch&uccr, he loses some- 
thing of his original splendour. What, 
then, can he said of the attempt to re- 
duce some of his most attractive and 
beautifully written tales into plain 
prose ? 

Only perhaps this, that some idea of 
(^ImiKTr's spirit is imparted to the 
multitudi'; and that it is better to know 
■ good author through the imperfect 
medium of a translation, than not to 
kniiw him at all. 

There is, however, an intermediate 
and very simple mode of making Chau- 
cer intelligible, which has not yet been 
tried — we mean dismissing the anti- 
qnated orthography in which his writ- 
ings have reached u». through copies 
printcti after the fttSS. in which they 
were preserved before tlie typographic 
art WU5 invented. 

We will trj' n passage in this way 
from Palemnn anil Arcite, one of the 
talcs which hatf been translated into 
prose by Mr. Clarke : 

" Thus pa<wth year by year and day by 
TiUitftllonrr inn morrow of May, [day, 
That Emily tluit fmircr wu tn seen, 
Thsn ■« the lily ui>on his ttalk |?r»n, [new, 
And fri-ehrr thnn the May with flowem 
For with the ri>»«; mlout strove lier hue, 
(I know not which wAri finer uf tbcm two) 
Krc it was duy, us she was wont to dn, 
}>bc WAS iirisi'ii, iind idl tLiuly dight, 
For Msy will have uo slaggardic antgbt. 



The season prickirtL every gentle heart. 
And mokt^th liiin ont of IiIk nWi-y to stiirt, 
And t&lth, Ansp and da thine observance. 
Thin nuikell) Emily have rcTnembraocOi 
Tu doing honour to Msy, aod for to riSBi 
Yclothed was ibc freih for to desire, 
llcr yellow hair was braided in a tren, 
behind her back a yard long 1 guess, 
And fn the gardrn as the tvn uprlst, 
Shu walktth up and down, and where as 

her list. 
She gathereth flowem party white and red. 
To make a. subtle garland fur her bead, 
And aa an sngcl heavenly ahe sung. 

There is nn alteration in the abovc^ 
aave in thesnellingof thewords. We 
shall see what Urydcn makes of the 
same lines . 

** The youD); Emilia, fairer to be seni, 
Tlinn the fair bly ou tlie ttnwry greca, 
More frcth tkoo May herself in blossoms 

new, 
(For with the rosy cokior strove her bve) 
Waked, sa her cnstoni was. before the day. 
To do th* obicrvAnce due to sprightly May; 
For sjirightly May commands our youth 

tu keep [slufgard sleep, 

Tbo vigiU of her night, and breaks their 
Each bnrast witli kindly warmth she 

movvfi, [loves; 

Inspires new flames, revives citlngnith'd 
In this remeinbmnce Emily ere dny 
AroHc, and tlfuss'd herself in riirh array, 
Frcalk s» the niuuth. aad us Ibi: moniitiK 

fair. [hair, 

Aduwn her flhontdcrs fell her length of 
A ribband did the braided tresses mad, 
The rest was loose, and wantoned ia llie 

wind, [aigbt, 

Aurora had but newly ebas'd away tho 
And pnridvd o'er the sky with blushing 

U^ht, [way 

When tu the garden walk she took her 
To s)iort and trip along ia cool of day. 
And offer maiden vows in honour of tlie 

May. 
At every turn tht made a Httlr stand, 
And thruKt among the thorns her lily 

hand, C<^*r 

To draw the rosci and every rose she 
She shook the stidk and bntsh'd away tbo 

dew, [red, 

Then party -coloured flowers of wkile and 
She wove tii make a gnrland for lier head. 
Tills done, she sung and caroU'd oat so 

clear 
That men and angels might rejoice to hear, 
fi\cn wond'ring Fhilomcl forgot to sing. 
And learned from her to welcome in tbu 

spring. 

The jMirapfarasc above is spirited ; 
some of the ideas are beautifully am- 
plitied, others are weakened by Ix^ing 
drawn oat. Dryden, diaaati&ficd with 



P474 



Review. — Clarke's Tales fram C/iattCtr. 



(Ang. 



the braiding of the hair, according to 

"^ tiic custom <»f Chaucer's day. in a long 

Lcontinuous {ilait, adJn a ribband and 

nc floAtinia; curU, to conform with 

! taste of his own. He loakea Emily 

the roM. and brush away the 

[which luat is a pretty incident j 

ivben heodde to her heavenly sing- 

pg that ihe astonithtsl the nightingale 

|]Krftrir, "SVC hesitate to pronounce that 

lliy fioch hyperbole, drawn from the 

jTrenrh school, CThaocer has lM>cn im- 

irovcfl. Mr. Clarke, the proKi? parn- 

braat, thus renders the aamc pauiage : 

' Coo May momiag, H bappeoed that 

Emily, who wax more tieavtiful to iK-hfiM 

hnn the lily, upon iU (all and it^nctrr 

Llk of jET<'rn . and fresher than the yoang 

owcri of Mat, for her eomplexioB ri- 

L the wild hlufhitiK ro«e, luid ariaeOi 

rtirding tuber coiloin, at break of day, 

I do hnnnar to that nreet setJKtn of cIh; 

ttr; for thr ftlothfnl btiiI unf;rnt)< heart 

lima no kintlrcd with th* lnvrly May. 

Her dresti wiu rtej;&at and preciw, and 

cr p^Iilru biir. briiidcd in trcMv«, floved 

own her bock. As the fun was climbing 

he hcBveni, flhe walkrd up and down in 

hr giinl«n, githering the many-rolniirod 

' Howem. to weave into a gnrland for her 

bc«d ; ftod, liktr an nngrl, abc ung in tbe 

r air of tbe morning." 

There is no great deviation in the 
ovo from the original ; the rosc-likc 
omplrxion of Kmily is rnnvcrlwl into 
'the wiU rose, tUe blush of which every 
stroller by the hedge-side knows, is 
verj' pale. She weaves a garland for 
her head — not a nulitle or an fully cod- 
^trived garland, oa the original has it; 
r theaildition, therefore. Chancer has 
ained nothing in propriety — by the 
niuion he has to«t one of tho^c 
^finishing touches fur which all his ile* 
scriptioos are so remarkable. 

In the prologue to the Canterbury 
Tales, we obeerve an instance of inac- 
curacy which ought not to have crept 
in. Chaucer telU us of hia gatttro- 
nomic Kranklin, — 

" After the sundry wasonsof the year, 
So changed he hiii mnat and hia sa))pRrr, 
Pull many a f^ partricli hail be in mew, 
And many a bream and m.iny a lace in 
■tew," 

Mr. Clarke renders the above, — 

" llissnpprm were fumiiihcd wrntnling 
tu the Bcatun. Man* n fat (mrlridxe had 
be in liiJi pretcrve, and itftPrti hrmm and 
pike WIU t commou diah at hit boujL" 




L pike WIU ■ 



The antithesis between auw and «/ew 
ought to have pointed out to the para- 
phraAt that no mmlo of cookery was 
intended by the word stew, but that 
the fiah were kept 'mpom/n »o termed, 
in which they were coaGoed ond rat- 
tened for the table. 

Tbe author has, he himself observea» 
hod a dilBcult (ask to perform, fur his 
object wa» at once In make Chaucer 
intelligible tu bis juvenile rcadura, by 
reducing him into plain English prosCf 
yet Btill to preserve, under this dis- 
guise, enough of his antiquated quoint- 
ncsB to give him his distinctive cha- 
racter, 'llie effort is praiseworthy ; we 
arc glad that our English youtli should 
know Chaucer, and be led in more 
mature life to the study of him. An ia- 
timate acquaintance with the founders 
of English literature tends to cherish 
in our hearts national character, to 
unite past and present ages in one 
bond, tu stimulate an honest national 
pride, and to make us desirous to offer 
our best gifU and acquirements, and, 
in times of public danger, all that is 
most dear to us. on the attar of oar 
country. 

Such, we Boy. will be tht salutary 
effect of rendering our yunth familiar 
with our ancient Ktandard writers ; tbe 
study of the Sacred Volume being al- 
waysunderBtnfulo-sn preliminary for all 
thercst. AShakHpfare for youth will, 
we doubt not, be provided, as well as 
n Chaucer. And they who have, in 
the volume before us, been delighted 
with the wild old English tale of Ga- 
mclyn, incorporated, wbetlier rightly 
or not, with the writings of Chaucer, 
would be glad to meet Gamelyn and 
Adam le Deti»cnftcr " under the wood- 
shnws" once more, as Orlando and 
Adam, in the beautiful pastoral drama 
of "As yon like it." 

Thf Last EifeniMQ c/ Catanit, teitk other 
Poena, tfy William Henry Spiccr. 
1834. 

VTERE we inclined to regard these 
poems with the severity of criticism, 
we should lament that there was too 
great a luxuriance of imagery, too 
boundless a profuKionof fanciful crea- 
tions brought together, and a love of 
orn&mpnt nut always applied with the 
discretion that can alone arrange it to 
advantage ; but wc coD6tder the poet 



^™^ to be on! 



Revibw. — SpiccKs Poem»w 



175 



to be oulf now in the Eprin;-time of 
hia genius, and Ihat these poems arc 
Ihc vernal promise of richer and ripor 
fruits to comv. All may be corrected 
butdollDcsftaDd iii»)pidity ; the barren 
oaiul will never bear but its starved 
harvest •( briars and weeds ; but when 
the soil has once exhausted its first 
imnkncss and stren^, then may fol- 
low a harvest that may fill the garner 
of the huibandmau, and make the val- 
leys laugh with plenty. There is no 
want of animation or nctivity of mind, 
nor any marks of neglected cultivation 
of Mr. Spicer's pot;ttcat talents ; but 
■we earnestly recommend to him a 
rigorous and respectful perusal of the 
grtat masters of song, ancient and 
modem, and a temporary fyrgclfulness 
of his contemporary bards. We take 
this opportunity of reminding our 
pomTicAL brethren, bow diflfercntly 
Ihose persons act who follow the steps 
of that rocse who is slater to Thalia 
and Melpomene, and on what different 
principles tlicy appear to aim at per- 
fection. As far as wc can ascertain 
from their works, the younger and 
rising votaries of the M uses look to the 
mutbority, and study tlic manner and 
■tylt: of their more illustrious ranJrat- 
porarir$, who have already reached 
the higher regions of established fame. 
Tlie exprt'BSHms of Wordsworth, By- 
ron, Cnmpbii], and Scott; theirmanner 
of thought, their ilow of the verse, the 
tone of expression, all arc reflected to 
us in a thousand roirrore ; while Mil- 
ton and Dryden, and Pope and Gold- 
smith, aiul Collins and Gray, arc sel- 
dom recalled to us cither in spirit or 
in letter. Now there is a better and 
truer taste, it appears to us, (speaking 
with all due reverence) in the rising 
school ai painting. TurrerandCalicott^ 
and Ett)' and Newton, and Lawrence, 
are all painters of L-mincncc and of 
various and distinctive merits ; hut 
they are not. and very property not, 
the models of excellence which the 
young jJumfT keeps in hrs sight. What 
docs he do ; Why. when his studies at 
the Academy are completed, he haatena 
to devote all the energies and acquire- 
ments of his mind to tbc unremitted 
and anxious study of the acknowledged 
monarchs of the kindred art. There, 
before the Transfigaration of lUphac], 
or in the SiAtine Chapel of Angclo, or 
amid tlic noble and august relics left 



by the chisel of the ancient sculptors, 
ore to be seen those who are drawing 
the inspirations of genius, and accumu- 
lating the maxims and ascertaining the 
rule» that guided the hands of these 
immortal men. Wc ask, do not Spen- 
ser, and Shakspeare, and Fletcher, and 
the late bards of the days of Klitabeth 
andJames, stand /ofujmp/ji.asKaphael. 
and Angeio, and Dnmenictiino, and the 
great Parmenan, and he who filled 
with celestial light the dome of Man- 
tua, do to the painters? — ondnubleiily 
they do. Why then are they neglected 
and thrown asidL', as deities who have 
grown out of fashion, and arc thrown 
from their pcdc&tnSs by their faithlcas 
and ungrateful worshippers? The ftcl- 
inga, the ideas, the train of thought 
which act on our contcmporoiies, must 
^ways of necessity bear much influ- 
ence on us, perhaps too much ; do not 
therefore, is our advice, unnecessarily 
increase it ; recollect, that with all 
their undisputed claims to L'XCcUuncc, 
the greatest poets of the present day 
have very great defects, and the inex- 
perience of youth is unable to detect or 
aeparato them. The dcfecLs of the 
olden poets have l>een acknowledged ; 
they have been detached from their 
beauties, and what ta excellent haa 
been stamped and confirmed by the 
consenting judgment of mai^kiod. W« 
should say to u poet, endeavour to as- 
certain the principles on which Sopho- 
cles, and Virgil, and Dante, and Tosso, 
and your own poets in later days, 
formed their taste and worked out their 
inventions ; sec how much they were 
wise enough to reject, how much thcv 
were too scrupuloua to employ ; mark 
the course, the varieties of their flight; 
endeavour to diaccrn How, in what 
manner, with what views, they looked 
on a subject; and lieing then ixjfnwr/i^ 
by them, you will imitate them. Wc 
beg pardon of Mr. Spicer for this long 
deviation from the immediate subject 
of his Popnw; but he will receive our 
remarks in the same spirit uf candour 
and good feeling witJi which they are 
written. We too are lovers of the 
Muse; few worship more devoutly, 
more respectfully, at her shrine ; hot, 
we confess, that wc keep to the old 
purvik cAxrc^ and seek no seals in the 
tiiitrict chajtflit ; and we take care to 
have no itumiirif$ /or our godg. LetMr. 
Spicer take this advice from an older 



I 



i 



I7C 



Rbtiiw. — NfiUhoiiac's Destinies of Man. 



t.?!g^ 



man than himBcIf, and duty ponder its 
worth. He need not, like his broUicr 
of the bnish, malcca journey into Italy, 
but he may will] Icnm expense am] trou* 
hie wamler in a fairer aiid brigblcr re- 
gion of enchantment than Ausooia 
nerscir can produce. In the bowers of 
Armida, in the rompany of Beatrice, 
in the green and verdant valleys of 
FaradiBC, in the lists and tournamenta 

' "Where fought the rival champions of 
Venice and tif Mantua, in the pale and 
aectuded shades of Paraclete, he wilt 

I discover and join the GmiuM of Pwtry 

I falraself; and a branch gathered from 
the Dumniit of Pomasaus will be placed 

I witliin htg hand. 

As a specimen, we will give 

A VOICE FROM TBK DKET. 

We come not forth fri>m moumlag; 

The wave fur us lidtU built 
A royid nDfl a RurKi^uus lOinne 

With the spoil uf nations gilt. 

WithatbonHnd hues for our brii;hcsbrouiI, 

lliftT the vatcr raiiibowji niiiff. 
Deneath the oceui's deep blue clnad 

Have we sat triamphin^. 
The sweet rriendii of our rhildhnod, 

Amid their calm home ih'PiimA, 
By the waring of the whis|>erin|r flowers, 
And the gliding of the streanu ; [goe-fl 
By the aight wind that still murmuring 

Throuf;h thi; dark fiak boughs above, 
And the ]nw.breathed prayer at lwili«ht'i 
Fur those yet lelt to lore ; [dose 

la every iweet Mmnd iitcalirii;, 

From wood, and iitrcain, and hill. 
The frirndii that blest uor rbildkood's days 

We dwell arouuj them Btill, 
Miagliog with eocb Inw siunmer-hreath. 

We come like some sweet sjiell ; 
Say. lore, then shall we call it death 

i>tiU to those hearts to dwell? 
By tbe senmnn'ii courh at midnight, 

When the otari grow (till auil dim, 
Anil the wind com<^ up with a soft swell. 

Like some far Tillage hymn. 
Rich with the scents and sounds of earth. 

To tliat dreamer's miuI we bring 
A voiee and a si^b from bis rottage hearth — 

Some true heart's offering. 
Not when the Toiee of weeping 

In fertal bower is beard, 
Aod the bartt of happy aong Is haahed 

In the grief that baUi no word — 
Grief for the early-called of Heaven, 

\^'bo«c life hath no bright noon, [given 
ChcMks to which Aower-bkc hoes were 

That they might fade as soon ; 
Not wbeo each fond heart wailcth 
The ■!«« sad step of tiioe, 



Andthoknellofcortblyhopcwund* forth, 
In the church twlls' loU, nr rJiimc ; 

Nut when the voice of childhood's mirih 

Is hcnrd in woe and fear. 
Pai»»ed from the dork uid changeful cortli. 

We hare our triumphs liore. 



Thi' Deaiiities of Man. 

Millhouae. 



By Robert 




WE cannot much admire tlie plan 
and outline of this poem, which is a 
sort of ' universal history in verac j * 
hut we are aware that plans and aab- 
jects arc of very little Importance, if 
the ptx^tic feeling is just and true ; and 
we are bound to say, that Mr. Mill- 
house has a very copiotis coramnnij of 
language, au easy and lluwingveraiSra- 
tiun, and some very poetical illuatra- 
tions and analogicn; though his poem 
is sadly dinfipired by fain qnaatififm 
when his Muae gets aslridi; of the old 
Ht'liconian PcgaauB. These however 
are specks, spots, wJiich a Gradus ad 
Parnassum will remove. In themean- 
time, wc will give, as a sprcimeo of 
his poetical conception and language, 
the description of the opening of Spring 
in the second part. 

The fields o'erflow with verdure of all bnes. 
What Upestrycan with Nature's carpet via? 
Perfection of Mowiic— peari'd with dews, 
Spread beauteoutly in contrast with tlw 

sky. 
What iwrfume-Uden gates arc passing by 
What harmony thcKc heruld brvczps bear ! 
TheybreBlheaforetastcofthcjoynon high, 
O'er ciiontleiEs blooms the U-es are hum* 

ming n<-nr. [wild carver. 

And all the woodland birds ting on in 
TTic gandy erowrtuwer paints our meads 

with gold. 

And sheets of daiKirs voricirate the scene • 
The vesta] lilies, lovely to Iwbifid, 
Bow their meek hoods along the Tadte* 
P"^'"- fnden. 

And In • with odorous brrath and i>en»h-e 
Streaking yon banks, where iHuib* are 

coQcb'd at nut, 
Whatthieitsug showers of cowBltpsioter. 

vene. 
And tljcre the daJTcNUI with head depreat. 
Sheds on the grass beneath, the dewdrop 

from its breast. 

Anemonies are strowa through every 

grore. 
With iky.tang'd hyaclnlhs compaaiont 

«W«-I, [lovt.^ 

And the Ute primrose deeks Ibe walks of 
la unassaoiing beauty at our fret. 



I 

I 



1854] 



Krtikw.— Smirkc'« Architectvrol Imjrrwemeais- 



177 



foUag« thickeot to mak« bowers 
conpleto ; [snow 

be hawthnra intntJcs with & bloom Eilic 
which the whiCe-tiiroat IikIIcwh hia 
Ktreat [bnman woe, 

Pith hynmB, n-lirwe tonn miglit li^hteTi 

r the Criil heirt of mu ics mitows could 

vdcone rait goei creaking tbraofb 
the corn, [bis way ; 

[y*er which th« HhUUtDK plover wiox* 
~ bUckbird sings in ra|jture from the 
thorn, 
nd Echo answers to the thraxh'in lay ; 
■ swallow Rkinu o'erhead, in twittering 

Da yonder ronkery %'tajf* with pcnlK or 
■dbuic ! the linnM from tbeblAck thorn 
apny 
aU inch madrigak as nerer cloVr 
they are nature all, oniuinglcd with 

SIIOT. 

then the wild woudlork pours liia songs 
of fire, 
|Jniexrrohc«ofp-rcatheforcflttTcc«r*)nimc; 
I^The very be-Ath now wears a new attire, 
""orgeoiwly skirted by the yellow broom ; 
'itfa crimtoit blush the wUdiugs are in 
bloom, 
i TCcetktion, as in frolic, lH'ap}B 
t rOcky elifffl, anil bids them all aaauixie 
heir roronelg of fluwora, and downwanl 
breaks [couchca streflJcs. 

where the f^hing fount her moaay 

I'WhD would relia<}aiah such ■ tceoe of 

Y glory ? 

|Bere, in Jchorab'B temple I am free, 

"Sere Nature'* ample page imfoUsastory 

datceptical, uawarpM by fiophistry ; 

3erc dwells, what g[-eat«:it monarcha 
Mlclom aee. 
iStmplirity in virgpn flush of ynuth ; 
^nd what in re.^ maamonii may not be, 

"!lip unn-huk'd and (ipotle«« form of truth ; 

3ere flattery woulil grow dumb, ftad false- 
hood melt in truth. 

ome to May's festival, ye sons of Care ! 
ilenilet the stnittcn soul impart its woe<, 
' nd hither let the sick'ning heart repair, 
V)r in these haunts the cup of health 
o'erflnws. 
Ibere let injured greatness wck repose, 
efVvm the taunts and siuirts of cruel 



■*■■ 



Be, whoae regard mjterior worth endows, 
~'a« wisely made his tnorta) life a span — 
id will, in desthleu realms, complete 
Us glorioua plan. 

The d*y ia beautifol thoo^ in ita wane ; 
le herd yet resin U{>oa the brccxy hill ; 
yonder wuoi) I lit:ar Ihi: ftLuckdorc's 
itrain, 
Gknt. Mao. Vol. II. 




In covert shades the amall birds carol itill, 
Or pluok the dewy moas with dextrous 

bill, 
To form new maofltons for a future brood* 
They labour not to prop a dpspf»t*« will, 
but hy a lieavenly impulne arc fmhHcd. 
Her>a Nature still la ftee, and ctooot be 

subdued. 



Svgg?stioiu for the Arthittrtmral /m- 
prot*mtat of the Wet/em Part i\f 
Lond&», By Sydney Smirke, K.S.A. 
F.G.S. 

THE Metropolis of the British Em- 
pire, with ilK crowded soburbg, its 
loDglincfl of dusky brick buildings, its 
half-hid churches, luid its conipara- 
tivcly narrow streets, appears to the 
eye of the spectator, at the first glance, 
to afford ample field for architectural 
improvement. At Bubscqucnt visits 
this impreBsian becomes less vivid ; 
and when he pauses to rt- fleet on the 
vast number of persona collected by 
business and other avocations, during 
the greater part of the day, in the 
heart of the raetropolis ; when he con- 
siders the number of the vehicles ne- 
cessarily employed in conveying the 
greater number of those persons from 
their aoburban residences to the City, 
as irell as those which are rcquire<) by 
trade, and others which must neces- 
sarily pass through the streets of 
London, he contemplates the crowded 
streets with different feelings t« those 
which arose from his earliest imnres- 
sions. He feels that a city like Lon- 
don mnst, in its public and more fre- 
quented thoroughfares, necessarily 
be thronged by carriages and jias- 
BCngers ; and accustomed by use to 
avoid the perils which he at first was 
induced to fear, he soon becomes so 
habituated to the apparent confusion, 
that he regards without apprehension 
the inconveniences arising from the 
"collision of oranibusses, the crowd 
of carriages, the confusion of loaded 
porters, and the perils of overdriven 
oien;" the indiviilual who passia a 
gitat portion of every day in the City 
must feel some inconveniences, but he 
feels at the same time that no power 
can entirely remove them. He reflecta, 
that while the traffic exists, the streets, 
however wide, will be crowded. 

We nre, nevertheless, not averse to 
anv rational improvement in the way4 
2 A 




Vl7S 

B of th 
F when 



Rbvisw. — Srairkc on Archittcture of Lotion. 



[Auff. 



of the Metropolis, and the more so 
when it can be effected without any 
serious expense or destructiuu of pro* 
perty; but seeing so many new stiecU 
constantly in progress, or id contem- 
plation, we think the time will Koon 
come when Uic public voice will cry 
" Hold, enough!" 

Uat we must now direct attention to 
Mr. Smirlce'sanggeations : — inhia pre- 
fatory remarks, the author takes a view 
of the inetro|ioli^ wr^twanl of Lud- 
gatc, at three dilfcrent periods of our 
history, and plcasinety deaU out his 
iufonuation in the shape of observa- 
tions arising upon three several walks, 
snppo«ed to be taken at the foUowiog 
periods. First, under the princes of 
the Norman dynasty, when the City, 
confined within its walls, and bounded 
on one hand with the forest of Mid- 
dlesex, and on the other, as now, with 
the Thames ; beyond w^bich. to the 
Surrey bills, the meadow and the corn- 
fields held undivided possesion of the 
ttail. At tliat period, the pitpubus 
district now constitutiog the borough 
of I^mbeth, presented scarce a dwell- 
ing, from the village uf Ijunlietti, des* 
titute of the importance it has since 
derived from the residence of the Arch- 
bishofi of Canterbury, to the distant 
village of Walworth. 

The period of the second walk 
is Uid in the reign of Elizabeth, 
when, even at that early time, great 
change had taken place in the west- 
ern suburb, but itill part of the fo- 
rest remained, and the Mayor and 
Citizens huoted their fox iu tlie fields 
of St. Giles. How changed is the 
scene now ! With what feelings do 
we view the times when the mass of 
houses, extending from the "river Flete 
to Tyburn, had nut risen ; and the 
space was so void that Wat Tyler and 
his rout, encamped in Smithfield, de- 
scried the king and his nobles afar off 
in Long Aero;" or the period when 
the garden of the Episcopal )>ahice at 
El/'place perfumed the air with it3 
roma, and contrast it with its present 
state and "the more etjiiivocnl fra- 
grance of Saffron-hill and Leather- 
lone." 

In the third walk our gaide leadit us 
to the beginning of the last century, 
and here a still greater change is 
effected. The cattle have tied from 
t^ag-acrc ; the luundrt-^ses no longer 



dry their linen " on the grascy sur- 
face of Leicester- fields j*' and wo see 
the once poor parish of St. Martin-in- 
thc-fields, *' which at the period of the 
last walk was unable to build its own 
pariah church, " now engaged in rearing 
one of the finest religious edifices in 
the Metropolis. What a chonge I 
But what xt, that change to that whidi 
has occurred %incc? The be^t idea of 
this extension can be given in Mr. 
Smtrkc's own words :— 

" So ^roat indeed was the acUvitv prc- 
volcot about the middle of the Ust ceo- 
tury, thftt ^,00U houMS src uid to have 
hern Imilt ia Lundott (wtwrrn the yean 
17 Ml and I'Go. It has been caleolated 
that tlie ground cnverpH by bojlding* in 
the pariahes of St. Mu-tin And St. Clile* 
alooe, from the fire of London to the year 
IHiO, exceeds in lurfocc the united dtieii 
uf York, Bristol, sad Exeter; «nd if we 
eonijiare the plans of London st these 
two periods, it will be found that ta area 
exceeding t.MW acres has been covered 
with streets snd houses on the west aide 
of Temple-bar stone. 

" A Borprisiaginstanpeof the increased 
value acquired by Isnd front the enter- 
prises of arrhiterrnre, is afforded by cer- 
tain ground held by the City in the vici- 
Dlty of Bond-street, nhJrh in the early 
part of last century wai let for 10/. or 
IS/, pcrannam, but whii:h uuw returns a 
rental of I '^,000/. i»cr nanum, be«ides a 
fine (if .tti,(MMl/. paynblc every fourteen 
year*." — p. -U). 

The improvcmcnta in the Metro- 
polis proposed by our .\uthor, are 
nnmerous : his plans, embracing not 
oolv an extensive alteration and 
improvement uf existing thorough- 
fares, and the construction of new 
one?, but olao the removnl of the 
Houses of Legislature and many public 
offices, and the erection of a nalianal 
depository fur the remains of the iltua* 
triuus dead. 

Tliese plana we proceed to notice 
briefly ; and the Atreet alteration!), 
as being the most likely to be carried 
into execution, demand priority of 
attention. 

Our autlior's "crusade upon the 
Holy Land," as be facetiously tcrma 
his attack on the whole district known 
by the name of St. Giles's, which dis- 
trict. Bwarniing as it does with -nee, 
filth, and disease, he would remove 
altogether, and erect houses of a better 
class on its site. As an example of 



I 



I 



1834.1 



Review. — Smirlte on Architecture of London. 




the valae of the exiating property, take 
the following extract: — 

" Sixpence per night is the re^lar 
charge for a htd, aad fourpeotx for half a 
bed. The profitiiblc aaturc of these cslu- 
Mivhmenta may be undenttood from the 
fact, that the proprietor of four of the 
above lodfing-honses in St. GileaV, Mm- 
Mlf originally nnt much renioTed in rank 
aboTf hi« pr«ent teaants, in now uaid to 
he in rirnimxtnncrefi sufficiently nflluent to 
eaablc him to edacate a aoa at oue of the 
UBiTenitie8." — p. 67. 

And the crowded state of the houees 
will appear from the eostuing statement. 
extracted originally from the Times 
Joamal : — 

" One boTue ia the neia^hbDurbood of 
Monmoutb-street, was, u shurl time Biacc, 
let out (o vkHou-i fiuiiilii-j>, conatiitinji; of 
fifty-tlvrtJC humoo binng.t, nsd yielded a 
rent to tlie landlord of l>rtwcen ^)/, anti 
llK>/. pernnnum. The underground floor, 
roiuistirtj; of one apartment, wm ocenpied 
by one man, one womnn, and Arc cliiJ- 
dren; the gmnod-floar, two npnrtiDenCfl, 
oc<^pied by two men, two women, and 
rtcht children; the finit flour, two iiparU 
mentH, stulTtNl wit)i mrii men, titree wuiiicn, 
and fire children -, second floor, two (i|t,-)rl- 
ments, ronrainInK three men. four women, 
and six children ; f^nx-ts, two rooms, or- 
cujiied by tbrcc men, three women, and 
fix eliildn-u." — p. 62. 

Makiog a total of no le«s than lifty- 
four human beings ia one house of not 
very ample dimensions. 

Mr. Smirke's new streets are in 
some instances formed by improving 
thoroughfares already existing i in 
utlirrs, by making new street*. One 
comprehends the extension of the pre- 
sent line of Holborn tu Uxford- street. 
avoiding the very awkward bend at 
St. Giles's Church ; other streets ore 
planned in the neighbourhood of Lia- 
coln's Inn and Covent Garden, with a 
view of opening more convenient com- 
munications between the City and the 
western suburb ; the improvement of 
St. Martin's-lane, which will no doubt 
be shortly efTected, and a ucw street 
from the Haymarkct to the Pantheon 
Itazaar, are among the mu9t promi- 
nent. Whether Uie construction of a 
street along the Mall of St. James's 
Ruk, and another crossing the Park, 
and cutting the uniamrutal plantations 
in two, are really impiovemenls, is a 
very questionable point. The beauti- 



ful grounds in St. James's Pork would 
be much injured by those road» ; and 
we do not see that the neighbourhood 
through which they would pass is 
sufficiently important to demand so 
great a sacrifice of tlic public comfort. 

It is but Just to Mr. Sinirkc to say, 
that in his jilnns he has not forgotten 
the aeconimudation, of the poorer 
classes, who would be deprived of their 
habitations by his projected improve- 
ments ; he draws up a very laudable 
scheroi* for their benelit, and if his 
projected Board were in being, we have 
DO doubt it would meet with proper 
attention, and ultimately lead to bene- 
ficial results. 

Connected with thcobjects of science, 
we are pleased tu see Mr. 5mirkc ad- 
vocating the nurrtndirr uf Scimerset 
Place to various learned societies. Tlie 
straitened arcommodation now allotted 
to them will appear in a forcible light, 
by the perusal of the following pas- 
sage: 

" Tlie Royal Society is at present con- 
strained within llmitii very inadequate to 
it0 trnntSi and tlie Antiquarian Soeirty 
wotdd long ere thia have been in i»i»t«)i- 
sion of a ralaablc cuUcctton of Engltsb 
antiquities, had not the narrow limits tu 
which it ii coniincd. pret-ludi-d the imMi- 
hiliCy of acrepling the numerous rontri. 
butions thnt navp been at variDus times 
offered to it ; whilst ihe m-ighhyuring es- 
tiddisLment or the ticoto^cal Sui-icly is 
already at a loss to lind room for its 
rapidly iucrcMin^ museum: a collection 
wliicS, like that of the Ht^lel des Mines 
at Parifi. nn^ht he made Rrallablc to 
puqiirses of the higlu-st public tmport- 
anoe in a commercial and economical 
point of view, were apartments of suit- 
able dimensions at the disposal of the 
Soiriety. Idully, no similar ioalilutiou 
in this, or iierhajM in any other coun- 
try, is more indiffereatly lodged than 
the Royal Academy. During about onfi 
quarter of every year, the library sod all 
the Bcbools arc closed, and the whole 
biiuneBa of tnatructioo stands fitill, to 
mfttc« roota for the exhibition of pic- 
ture*."— p. 9fh 

Under the head of tlie improvements 
at Westminster Hall, which would 
be consequent on Ihe removal of the 
Houses ol Parliament, Mr. .^mirke ad- 
vocates the removal of the ancient 
buildings on the Houth side of the Hall, 
and the construction of n terrace. One 
building thus proposed to be destroyed. 



d 



Kevibw. — BiUington's ArchUectvral Dineior. 



lie shows to possess a considerable 
degree of interest. 

" Aroorn inl.hei(cl)ai1dm^,em)Deous1y 
sn[tpo!>nl tr» he lhi*an(-i<?nt. Star Chamber, 
it enabcUishcd with the badi-M of Heriry 
VIII. and Catlierioe of ArrafOD. The 
iiantoyle, or rflin water shoot, protruding 
ttxclf from the fuec of unc of tfae Kiblea, 
ia probftbl)- the onl^ Hnrviviag relic of tliat 
lutoro io London." — ^p. 99. 

Wc are always [iaiae<] at wttnesaiag 
tile dcstnictioa of any portion of the 
•canty remains of the ancient regal 
palace of our soverei^». The havoc 
which has been made on tbeontwnrkit 
makes the antit|uary almost trembL« 
for the fate of the e[j)en{|id Hall. It 
displayed a great want of national 
feeling to destroy wantonly so many 
baildingB, nearly every stone of which 
poaWHod an htstuHcal internet. Let 
am* voices be raised to spare what does 
remain, and to preserve rather than 
destroy the scant)* relics. The foUow- 
ing statement shews the intere-nt 
which every part of this ancient pile 
poaaeuea, as well as the mode in 
vhidi its antiquities arc treated. 

•' The tnrret, wbich formed t finisl to 
the aoutti gnbte of this ball, Iwlotj Id im- 
minent danger of f/illiof, vu taken Joim 
a few years ago under the dirertian of the 
■atbort It prrsvnted the appt'srance of 
«ii CMstagon turret, nilh an oj^ee canopy, 
tntt it was foand that this appearance va» 
by fto means Its orif^nal one. Embedded 
in the solid stone work, were discorered 
standing, in aitu, nro statutes of kici^s, 
hackto mdc, with the orb hi their hands. 
An open groined canopy sarmounlcdthcic 
cfBj^es, which baring rm'D found probably 
in a danf^roQs state, had at some later 
period been filled In with masonry. By 
the desire of Sir B. Stephenson, the then 
surveyor general (who Io his offinni cha> 
racter nerer Ud iside the feelings of a 
man of taste and an natiquary), these 
regal tigurea wnre de^tnuited in a place of 
semnty ; it i* probable, howerer, that 
since the di5»olutioo of the Board of 
Works, these mutilated inu^s may hare 
been credited as old inalcriaU to the Me- 
tn^litan Roads Comausnon/* — p. to). 

It is sincerely to be wished, that thi» 
and similar iostancea of carL-Iuss de- 
struction will act as beacon lights to 
cnidc future iroprovcn of Westmttuter 
Ilalt from the commission of acts of 
suolialion, which ha%'e not even the 
plea of oecrssity to excuse them. 

Ill ronclusiun, we make a few ob- 
•crvotiOQs on the engravings of the 




suggested buildings for the accommo- 
dation of the Houses of Parliament, 
and the reception of the ashes and 
nionumenta of the great departed. The 
first, etched by W. Ilaniel. R.A. frwm 
the Author'A design, shews a building 
with more than one cupola, either in 
Grecian or Italian architecture ; — the 
sketch does not make out distinctly 
which style is intended, nor ahcw the 
strurtarc sufiiciejitly io detail to adroit 
of criticism ; but it possesses, in com- 
mon with moat modem buildings in 
which cupolas are used, a fault, arising 
from a want of etcvation of the domes, 
which are here plncrd almost uo the 
roof, without a tamlwmr to raise them 
above the surrounding building. Thia 
pile it is proposed to erect in the 
Green-park, a splendid site for a pub- 
lic building. 

The depositary for the dead is a 
church in the Pointed style, in which 
the architect has adopted Wren's sug- 
gestion for the improveniL-at of the 
Abbey, vi?.. two wcBttro lowers and a 
central iipirc. Our ancient cathedrals 
would afford better authorities for such 
a straeturc. 

The erection of a large church In 
the north eastern suburb of the metro- 
polis, would be agrand feature in every 
view of our great city. The idea waa 
a favourite one with the late Or. Parr, 
and was recommended in the Gcntlc- 
lusui '9 Magazine* by a Correspondent; 
but (f such a structure was determined 
u|Kin, wc should think a more desir- 
able site could be selected than "a 
retired spot on the north bank of the 
Serpentine." 

In addition to the two plates above 
noticed, a plan is given, distinctly shew- 
ing the various ideas for improvemoul 
advocated by Mr. Smirkc. 

After the length wc have gone in 
this review, we have only space to say 
that Mr. Smirkc's suggestions are ele- 
gantly written, and many of tbem are 
deserving the attention of those, hy 
whose power and induence alone his 
ideas can be carried into execution. 



I 



I 



The ArcKUectural Dirfcior. By iohn 
Billingtoo. ArchUfTt. Stamd Edit. 
iArndtm, 1634. 
A republicatioa. In monthly parts, 

of a work which has already been »■ 




183-1.] 



RkviBW. — Bubbles from the BhttuHtts ofSns&K. 181 



bre the public : luit having now real- 
1 a second edition, the Autiior haa 
ODstderably added to the contents 
od iUufttratioaa. 
The three first ntimbera arp before 
ps, and, taking them as a fair sample 
pf the work, it aftpeani tu possess con- 
ajilcrablc utility. lu the Ijlerary de- 
hartmcnt the author gives a history of 
ne art from its origin, elucidated by a 
IjSescriptiuu of the uiOAt celcbrateil an- 
cient aiid mudern edifices, and occom- 
aicd byadcvclopementof theessence 
foir the art, and a rainutc examination 
bf the particular (]ualitieft and suitable 
nplciymcnts of the constituent part^ 
Df edifices. To complete the design, 
\ gli>s»ary ts appended, which conveys 
[Id an alphabetical form the nccc^ary 
cfanical information, without wluch 
Ithe theory wonld be useless. 

llie t(tu<iy of the Bcicncc i>f archi- 
rtccture liaving uf talc bccuiue a favour- 
litc amati-ur pursuit, any work which 
l^vill aflbrd, in a concise and summary 
Imethnd, the f^r^^f*^"^ degrev of infur- 
Ifenation, will lie mn^tt acceptable far 
he student, and to this cIelhs of readers 
vc ehould consider Mr. Billington's 
vork well calculated to afford aesiet- 

DCC. 

Not only will the student become 
cquainted with the hiatory of the art, 
|mnd the localities of the best speci- 
ncns, but will also possess a consider- 
ble degree of scientific and practt- 
Icol information, not otfaerwise attain- 
lable without considerable research. 
In the course of the work arc various 
ables. shewing in a clear point of 
^view the comparative proportions of the 
at specimens of ancient architeclu re, 
I tbey exist in genuine examples, as 
rvcU lu iu accordance to the artificial 
I, proportion 3 which the best writers on 
jchitecture have assigned to theorders. 
Dne uf sucji tables is assigned to each 
Df the five orders, and constitutes a very 
I'iroportant feature in the work. 

As the work advances, we hope to 
! able to speak equally in favour of 
he subsequent portions. 

Bubhh* from Ike lirunneiu of Narsau. 
Bt/ UM Old Man. — Murray. 

THE title of this book, adorned on 
r-4hc covers with the picture of an Old 
Gentleman blowing bis ' bubbles' in 
anilc truiquiliily as he proceeds, fter 




more, jttr itrra», is — ' Hubbies from 
the Brunnens of Nassau, by an Old 
Man!' 

TTiis toddling and twaddling old 
gentleman might have been left to aJI 
who think his 'bubbles' worth the 
price charged for them, if he had not 
thought fit to blow ostentatiously* 
andmostoScneivety, one ofhis largest 
bubbles against the pyramid of our 
Public Schools, and our Universities; 
to which, it seems evident, he has not 
been much indebted himnctf. 

In consequence of this anile and im- 
potent assault, wo are tempted to say 
a few word^ respecting the publica- 
tion itself, and the trumpet-tone with 
which it was introduced, he/ore the 
day of publication, in the Quarterly 
Review. 

*rhe lighter Mmhblcs* of an Old 
Gcotlfmnn's garrulity may pass with- 
out critical remark ; )mt we must have 
a word with this 'old man' when he 
blows his bubbles so valiantly, balf- 
frnth, and half spittle, against tlie im- 
mniiat mnnumi-ntn of unr Public 
Schools and Universities ; and we 
cannot conceal our honest disdain. 
that so wanton an attack should have 
escaped the notice of eo manly and 
high-spirited a publication as the 
Quarterly ReTJew. 

We shall now set Iwfore the reader 
some of the observations which this 
' mighty silly old gentleman' could not 
keep to himself OS be journeyed along, 
and ' bubbled as he went for want of 
thought;' which the Quarterly Re- 
view has passed over, tub n'fmt/to, and 
which we fhali not. 

First, the nid gentleman is vastly 
nmiii^fd with the picture of Innocence 
he has brought before us, of a young 
child! 'TTicre,' quoth he, 'look at 
his artless smiles ! Think of his pure 
heart ! Wliat a pity that, as he grows 
up, his lily skin should ever come iu 
contact with rillainvfa btrrb.' Solo- 
mon, however, and this wise old gen- 
tleman happen to disagree, and, for 
oar part, we think Solomon the wiser! 

Sure we are, that ' a Mmter Mar- 
more/,'* innocent as he is, and innocent 
as he looks, having had no discipline 
but luomma's kissing hh checks, and 
stroking his hair, is likely to turn out 
not an accomplished gentleman, but— 

* Sec the New Bath GaJik. 



I 



i 



182 



Review.— Pro/«ssor i^ec on the Christian Sabbeih. [^t^S* 



k 



such a specimen of educated and re- 
fined humanity as a Tony Lumitkin ! 

But Knglami con never be grtat and 
virtuous, until ' Penny Magazines' are 
substituted for the inifhure traRh nf 
Ovid, learnt at nchool, with the names 
of Actsoa's hounds, and the freaks of 
Japiter ! 

" A|X)lIo, and Mereurins, and the rest 1 ** 
And, moreover, the tenty uld gcntle- 
maa is out of all patience with the 
.liver ItyssuB, deaf aa the dead to the 
illustrious renown of thi- imniortul 
seat of &rts and arms, u'lth which its 
name has been accompanied. 

" llyssus iattcfd — I have seen and 
passed over rivcra in America a thou- 
sand times as Uxrgf!!!" anil with 
such huhhlfa doe^s this old travelling 
twaddler, for he deserves no other 
name, attempt to dispel all the cx- 
altinft and the interesting associatioos 
connected with sccnee and oanies of 
old renown. Dr. Johnson has ex. 
pressed very different sentiments. As 
other high testimnny !q the contrary 
We hav« the pleosunt tn give some 
beautiful aiid afTectmg lines nf the 
late Chief Justice Tcntcrden, with a 
tronslatioD by the present learned and 
aniiable Biehop Durgess ; which will 
show that those great men never forgot, 
amid the weight and ioiportaare of 
their public cares, the advantage and 
gratitication they derived from what 
ba.<i been contemptuously termed their 
'fabtUotu education !' "Hie lives were, 
if we rightly recollect, th« last of a 
power nllcd Domus Conservatoria, 
written by Lord Tenterdcn in his 
daughter's drawing book of 6ower8, 
with moral fables : 

Sit rABULOsis fas mihi eANTiBi;<s 
Lenire curas, sit mihi floribut 
Mujeere me fessum, seDeini|ue 
Csqwre quo* juvcnls solebun. 

May r.vsLKO sono appease the cares 
TliKt wfIkIi upiiu tlcciioiag years i 
Aud help Diy wesry sgc to sooth 
Vith the sweet flowers that charmed my 
youth. 

But we leave all he has said against 
these regions of immortality, the me- 
mory uf which will be revered as long 
as the world we inhabit lasts, and his 
tquallr impotent anger, stirred up 
iirith the thoughts of our UniTcrsities 
and Public Schools ; which, notwilh- 
■tandiug. lu admits have produced a 



few g;reat and clo4uent men, to con- 
template what a supreme triumph to 
knowledge of all kinds it would u« if 
country' gentlemen, instead of learaiag 
the names of Acticoii's hottods. woqjkt 
learn only to 

" Meature their own ntaimt.'.'" 
We leave him triumphant amidst 
his " huhbiM," (some uf which are 
amusing enough) but to the Korn of 
every educated mind. 



1 



Duiy ofobatrvituj the VhrittiaK Soh^atft. 

liy S. Lcc, D. D.JIebiyw S*ro/i^s»or in 

the University of Cambridge. 8vo. 

pp. 44. IS33. 

THK obligation of the Christian 
Satibath has of late been so thoroughljr 
agitated, that we really feel some 
diffidence in bringing it again liefore 
our readers, in a work not exdunively 
theological. Ilic expanded note throwu 
out by Archbishop Whateley, and the 
published Sermons of Dishop Wilsoo, 
Mr. Blunt of Chelsea, and some others, 
called forth so much learning and 
critical ingemaity, tbat, taken in con- 
junction with the solid substratum 
laid by Hoylin, Ogdcn, and Horseley, 
ami their prtdeeewors, it seemed thikl 
the question was finally set at rest, 
simply because there was nothing 
further to be said about it. Professor 
Lee, however, bringing to the subject 
a clear head, and no common share nf 
Hebraic learning, has started some 
pnintN chietty nf a critical uature, ia 
the Sermon before us, which seem to 
be well worthy of the attention of the 
publ ic. 

Our readers ar« of course well aware 
that it has been the opinion of maoy 
very eminent divines, that the Sabbath 
being an institution prior to tiie Mo- 
saic dispensation, could not be aifected, 
much less abrogated by it ; nor being 
umhvrtal, be interfered witli by that 
whici) was only partial. 

That the observance of a seventh 
day was considered ns binding hy the 
Palriarchs, may Ik- shewn from variona 
nassagcs in Scripture ; and that their 
Heathen descendants retained it is alio 
to be proved, by the traditions and 
practice nf all nations not sunk into 
brutal barbarism, althnn^h indee*' * 
origin of this, aloog with som*^ 
observances, ia uokaown tc 
them. 




tliviBW.— JacVwiii's Memoirs of Rev. R. Watson. 



183 



Aa it was natural to regard the Sun 
as the type am! rFpriJscutative of the 
Cirator, and tho Moon atid other 
cfleatial bodies as his nubordinates. it 
is by no means extraonlinary that their 
namu, and those of other of the fabled 
Dcitie«, shouhl have heen applied tti a 
variety of occurrences, as for instaxice 
to tin; daya of the week j and the Sun, 
SB tbu most honorable, would bold the 
chief place. 

"Tliu» the names aanigned under tbt« 
8y»t«m, to the sever*! di»y8 of the wet-k, 
may br traced un to the vcrj' wtrlicut timea 
of Egyplinn, Chaldean, and pRrsian hi*. 
tory, whence it will appear, first, thnt the 
obiervance of lee^klff jieriodn q/" wrra 
daj/M mast have oriqinaily been deriTcd 
froB the Bible, perhnjm tm rarlr u the 
Fatri>rchal limes, aad secondly, thnt \»r- 
ticalarTeaeratioii would alwAyi«b«a(tiu-hcd 
to that day wluch had been named after 
the Stm, and wbicli ia ibc aame with 
fiiMniay."— p. U, 15. 

It appears then that the i^y "**■ 
served by the Heathen Is the original 



that the day Ect apart by Christians ja 
commemoration of their Redeemer's 
resurrection, is the day originally 
appointed for another reason at the 
C-reatioD, aod is thus doubly sanctitied 
to all mankind ; not indeed, that wc 
think any additional reason was abso- 
lutely rtKjuireit, but atill it is certainly 
mrat gratifying to discover that tho 
days of the Father's rest, of the Son's 
beatitude, and of the great manifesta- 
tioD of the Holy Spirit upon men, 
were identical. 

Those who are desirous of further 
if^formatioii upon this subject, ami 
who wish also to see the theological 
advantages of Hebraic literature admi- 
rably cxeinjdificd, will do well to read 
F^ofe!^»ur Lee's able and uriginal dis- 
course. 



H Patriarcdal Sabbath. 



L 



Dr. Lcc next shews, agreeing with 
Capcllus. Usher, and Gale, that it is 
identical with our Lord's Day. 

The Egyptian solar year commenced, 
as is generally supposed, when the 
BUD entered Leo. Muses, however, 
fijed the commencement of the JewiBh 
year at the |x:riod of the vernal equi- 
nox, when the sun entered Aries, 
the first Jewish mouth being styled 
" Abib." Now the commencement 
and coocluston of the feasts of Unlea- 
vened Dread and I'eutecost were to fall 
upon certain days of the month, which 
were lo be Sabbaths. In the ease of 
the former feast, ihcso days were the 
15th and 22d. therefore the Ist, ath, 
15th, and 22d must have Ireen Sabbath 
days ; and as a Sabbath was also to 
happen on. the )5th of the seventh 
month, and as the tive or six additional 
or epagomeoal days were to be con- 
sidered, a dithrulty arittcs, from whence 
Professor Lee has shewn that it may 
be demonstrated, that the day tiow 
obsarved by Jews cannot be that 
appotDttfd by Moses, which would 
not agree with the lunar notation of 
time aidoptcd by the Jews, probably 
aoon oAer the destruction of Jcrutialcm, 
but a day earlier. It appears then 
from what Dr. Irfc, in addition to what 
Uw \k^i said before, has advanced. 



Mfjaoirt of Iht L\fe and Writings of 
the R»v. Richard Wo/ton, late Se- 
vretary of Ihe Wei/eyan Missionary 
Society, i^y Thomas Jackson. Vol. f. 

NO one, however deeply he may be 
attached to the KstablJnhed Church, 
can tind any thing to blame in the 
spirit and feeling in which the lives of 
the eminent Wesleyan Clergy are 
written by tlieir followers. In the 
Life of Adam Clarke, which wc lately 
reviewed, and in the present biogra- 
phy, there is no sourness of sectarian 
spirit — uo virulent attacks on the 
f^iurrh — no fiery outbreaks of an in- 
temperate £cal — DO casuistical per^'cr- 
eiuDs of upright intentions— no open 
and polemical defiance : but there is, 
with a warm attachment to the sect 
to which he belongs, and with n high 
admiration of the person whose life he 
records, all due candour and con- 
sideration for persons of different 
opinions and views from his own, in 
Mr. Jackhon's narrative. — Still wc 
decidedly consider the work to he too 
large and extended : it is the fault of 
the age, and a great fault it is. Tlie 
Life of Dr. Clarke extends through 
three closely printed volumes. 'ITbe 
present will probably be as long ; 
whili? a much more judicious and ele- 
gant mo<lel of bictgraphy we think is 
t* be found In the memoir of Hail, 
to which size ultimately these works 
will Itave to be abridged. In order to 
ensure and enlarge their usefulness.— 
We nanot pretend to analyze tbc cod* 



i 



184 



Review. — tift of Sammel Drtw. 



CA^: 



ient« of this volurof. which llio«c who 
mre totercsted in it, would rmtber pr- 
niftc in its cvigioal fonii, than in our 
extract ; and it is not a book to make 
fntrHainimg for those who delight ia 
DafTativcs of striking cvcdLi and ctr- 
cnnutances. We shall rather give an 
extract from that pait of the work, 
where the portraits of Dr. ClariEe aad 
Mr. Watson, thi' two leading preadicn 
among the Wmlcyaiia of their day, 
are placed in conjonction with each 
other. 

*' Id raftteqneacc of their coUiaioii* of 
' Mntinicttts oa the qaestio&t jiut referred 
to (the eternal Mmshtp of Chrut), thet« 
I 'Vere penooa in differrot pArts of tbe 
' fciagdefn, who to the end of their lim 
' wodld eOQiider Dr. Clarke aod Mr. Wat- 
Ma a* rmhi of each other, and injurfoiu 
coaitpaiwons were often instituted be> 
t w ouu them : but the mm rere *o jwr* 
I feotl; dMaailar, hoth in their h«btta a&d 
Bwatal coBstitutioo, that tbe vrrr attempt 
at comparrMw waj absurd. Each of tbein 
had bi« pmper |ift from God, one after 
this manaer. and anuthex aAer tbat man> 
BCr. Dr. Clarke wan bleaved with a round 
aad viforons enostitatiim, and wasHpaml 
to a good old age. Tn a mind of no com- 
moo eoerxj, be added a moIntioD, and 
verancc Is the penecution of hia 
which no difficultiea nur dis- 
Dent coald daunt ; and )M.Tba{M 

) hiltory of homan nature dom 

ttOtpntCDt a DMreboBOurable example of 
powcxfal aalf-toitioo. For a consider- 
abk part of bis life be retired from tbe 
fUl wties of tbe Ministry, aad demted 
hia whole ittenlion to literature, making 
ilia itadirs to b«ar eapecially on the dio- 
ridalion uf the Holy Scripture. He par- 
ticularly etrrUrd ia oriental scbnlanhlp 
and Antiquarian rv«uirch, as well u tn bis 
Icnowledie of euriooa books ia alnoat all 
) IftnfiuCH. Hr, H'«/#o* tbrooirli life 
' WM a aabiact of lanKour, paia, and dls- 
; tasfl, and was cut off in tbe nldtt of his 
' years. He was di«tln^Isbed by the eom- 
prahensirRnciui of his\iewf,an UDbou&dri! 
power of imaginatiun, a sonad aod dta- 



crimioatin; judgineBt, and a pbiloBOphic 
habit of thoocbt ; aad his works were 
writteo ia fiasmenta of time abstracted 
from ur|«U aad presnag official eilfage- 
menta, and aadcr great bodUy fuScring. 
Except in regard to the criticism of the 
N'ew Trjtament, the studies and punnita 
ortbeaemeo bad little in enmoiOD. To 
tbe kind of lenruiDg for wbkb Dr. Clarke 
was *o renowned, Mr. Walaon directed 
little Bttentioo. They were both great 
and pious mea. examples of boty diligenc* 
and tral, and the »rrvicea which they 
have rcodernl to the Church, will endear 
their namm to posterity ; but to set up 
one man for the porpoTc of depreciating 
tbe other, is as pslpobl; abaurd, aa it ia 
opposed to the sptrit of Chrtstiaaity.** 

When Mr. Soutliey'a Life of John 
Wesley appeared, the followers of 
that -venerahte man conceived that 
many of t}ie allegations of the biogra- 
pher were incorrect and injarioQs; and 
■ccordinglv Dr. Clarke aflirmcd pub- 
licly, that Mr. Watson was the proper 
person nn whom the task of answering 
It slioold devolve. — " The principal 

auostioos at issoe between him (saj-a 
le biographer) and hts opponent are 
not mere opinions, on which men may 
innocently differ, but affect the essen- 
tial duties of human salvation. In 
litis light these were received bj* one 
of the most learned Prelates of the 
English charch (Who?) who expressed 
his cordial thanks to Mr. Watson for 
his triumidiant defence of those grrat 
principles of personal religion which 
were distinctly rt>cognized by all the 
Proteatant reformers. A copy of this 
work la said to have fulkn into the 
hands of the IVince Regent, aAerwanls 
George the Fourth, soon aAer it was 
published, and was read by him vrith 
considerable interest and avidity. — 
His opinion concerning it wa-i indi. 
catcd with suflicieat riplicitnc-ss by 
the remark which he made on finishing 
the perusal — " Mr. Wauon has tha 
advantage over my Poet Laureate." 



7Tle r^ V" Samu9t Vrmr, A. M., Ay 
Aw fW"' *'*<"«■ 1HJ4.— This Is a work 
Wbope KtiUcy ift imt to be drawn f»rth in 
the ■hniw of an nhridjnni^nl or annlyaiii ; 
' but it" Iwnrflt* will He (omul In the ({cnp- 
rsl liii|tri's«l<iii wtiii-h it InKTrs ua iho 
mind, thr itximl wiadnin it ini|isrts, and 
thiT rrll^i<i>ii fnlinK* which it insplrM. 
It IK till* hJMlMiy tif H (•t'i'Min of DMst 



ncan statioa of UA;. ralsiiig bbnaelf by 
booauralilc exertions, aad unrcntittod in* 
duitry, to a state of eom)<eu-ore and cum- 
fort ; and leanag a tbuoKbtlets and aoaic- 
■hot extravagaat youili fur the deep re- 
lisiotis pentuasiun, thai through the 
gnu* of God his life might be held 
forth IS a sbtning utd saving light 
to those who were in darkneaa around 

Mm 



I 
I 



11834.] 
ptume, m 



Life of Drew. — Lloyd's Potms. 




lume, might prore a beiooD of safety to 
fcaerations yet anbont. In hit penna* 
UOQ, Mr. Drew belonged to the Weiileiran 
MethodUts, aiDDng wboia he ri>sc to be 
an cmtocDt prcacbrr. In bta stodivM he 
waf a metajthytiirian ; bu( every Uiing in 
■tndjr, or in buoineM, vas suliKi'rdent to 
rell^n ; and he post ccsed a soundness of 
jndglBent, r fimine«ii of resolve, iind a 
•teMtQMi of piirpo«e, which will eosare, 
Iinmsiily spcalcinK. the aucccm of man'* 
undertnkin^. Hi« life should lie jiUced 
on the iinme iihclf an that of Franklin and 
Adam Clarke — with th/tt of the latter it \a 
indeed rnnoectt'd. Tliiti tribute nf filial 
affection xt. tteatowcd to thf parent's me* 
morf, with modc&ty and |f;ood taste. It isa 
shupte and lastrurtive narrative, that 
truEt* to itfi own mrrita for itn iatcrent. 
Ah murh aa puiusitili-, Mr. Dmw is the 
hifftorian of his own life, ani} the narrator 
of the circamatances and changes that 
atuinded his eventful proKress durongli 
mortality. And tho«e who read the work 
in a right spirit, will not foil to say as 
they close the volume — tliia imui hail a 
lund uDderalandiiig, a clear head, pria- 
|ili>it that were ^Oii, and a heart that 
.* rJB+it. At the end of thevoliim** aro 
ecme miscellaji<'ou& observatiuns md re- 
tions of the tiuthor,euch k« were Kicaned 
bis coaversation : odu of which it may 
be UAolcu or ttaeatcrlaiuin); to tron- 
iribe. 

la the course of coarerBatioDr agentle- 
repeat«d the couplet — 

1 thou, great Chatham ! with thy latest 
breath, 
hftltfei-l thy rulingpasdoQ strong in death. 

it pouible,' said another of thecom- 
* for tjke aoid thua jHunny into 
vorld, to bf thus jforemed iy it* 

]f OMOirttf/iON-ij*' ' Not only pott- 

ble. Sir,' said Mr. Drew, ■ but a titing 

frctjuent occurrence.' One infltnnce 

the ruling passion stronR in death, I 

iber, just fit to be cDUlriuiled with 

of the noble [>atriot. Many years 

', an old gentleman, not fur frum Ply^ 

mth, who had gr««-n rich liy govern- 

cot contracts, whk nn hin death bed. 

_toinakeaChristian end, he desired 

hare rc«d to biia the tirat and last 

ipters of Job. At the inventory of 

fob's teealth, the old gentleman dc^'irrd 

resder to pause, that he might duly 

imata the valnr of enc-h item. ' Now 

much will 14,riOO nhrep fimniint to 

ffo mnch a head^' naming n nam. ' It 

rill be so moch.' 'Well [ pat thnr down. 

how much are 6,000 eamels worth '' 

WAS rom[mted. ' Put that down too. 

id the thousand yoke of oxen, and the 

iMiid ^hr-.-is5cK, rcrkun them, and put 

VHT. Mao. Vol. U. 



down the amount.' It was done. ' Now* 
cast it up, and tell me the total.' Being 
infunoud of this, he raised his dying hands 
In admiration, aaying— ' Oh t what a happy 
man I If Job was living now, he and i 
« onld take all the dockyard and navy coa> 
tracts.' *' 

SoUtarj/ Hoan. Bp Hartlty UofdA 
1 2mo. — There is no want of that modestya] 
th«t becomes a (loet in this rolnme, of n 
cultivated taste, of literature, and com- , 
inond of poetical language ; but we should 
Kay there 16 a wuut of effort. Mr. Lloyd 
has not pushed his ]Kiwcrs to the ntmost ; 
he has not recollected that Horace admo- 
niihen him how he most toil, and sweat, 
and suffer, before he reaches the swrrt'd 
KTuutiJ of Pornossiu. When he nuts 
forth his easy, little lyric songs, and chal- 
lenges, as he dues, for them the wreath 
of fame, let him consider how much 
geniiin, hnw much thought, how much 
care, bow much inleiuw study, how much 
well-dixexted knowledge ; what correc- 
tion, what comparison, wbnt a fine selec- 
tion of imaj^vry, and what a beautiful dis- 
pusitioii of all the constituent graces of 
poetry, are roquisiic to form a {joem that 
19 to surrirc the transitory hour, and 
aatiafy and plrosc distant gencmtiuiiK. 
We will tell him a i«htjrt utorjr we know to 
bo true, for we were present at it. When 
the late Reginald lleber, of Briizennose 
College (the Bishop of Calontta), was 
writing for the prize of the Latin povlry, 
aRer the vacation during; which be had 
laboured on IiIh poem, he returned and 
broQght it tti his tutor and friend, Mr. 
Hodgson, afterwards the principal of tlio 
college. Mr. Hodjj^son reail it, and sent 
for lUginold, and Mid, ' This is a good 
poein, a Tery good {>oem, bnt yon can 
wrjie a better than this,' and so saying, 
hethnut it into the fire. Reitinald wrote a 
second, and gained the prize. Having 
thus, as in duty bound, inculcated by cji- 
ample tbc old precept — ' Labor omnia 
vincit Jmprobus,' wc most do Mr. Lloyd 
the justice to extract a spocimea of his 
little work. 

Jkrhhalbm. 
J«-asa1em ' Jenisnlcm 1 

The chown of our God : 
By 1 nfidrls thy holy path* 

And solemn rourfiare trod. 
De*otcd city ! where of yore 

The Aimifihly lov'd to dwell; 
And where his non-created light 

Was rendered viuble. 
How darkly on (hy fated head* 

Thoit glory of the world ; 
ilnth the fierce Angel of the Lord 

His bolts of vcneeancc hurl'd. 
26 




f86 



poor taws Krport. — MounUtms 8rrmons~ 



Trll tat »r Jadsh! Jud&li't lot 
In rvi'ry IadiI n t'tuit ; 

The Rnman ploag^fa bnth pwft'd. 

Cinaan a dcsulaliDi) lJe«, 

AoH on A/lririaA'jibrow 
Tht' symbols of ftnotbrr f*ith 

Arc proudly Ktcamiug now. 

But will (he chiUrftt of the Und 

Inglorious e\'er aWp i 
Anil oc'er will Jutlab'n Uob forth 

Prom ilark opprrssion Wp ? 

Aye, liklvn to llic certain ^oire 

Of pntphrcf dnine; 
Again tlir Mplirrkdiiur of the Loril 

Hball rcft on Darid'x >hrine. 

Hrforr the rr>iu;svmMed tribes 
UU^Itbctncrt ■tinll retreat ; 

And harps tluit tunu: baM^»itl<-Dtbang, 
Shall uiic« again bound sinruct. 

Virgin of rasoard IsruU 
TTiy dayn of (frirf nm gone ; 

Bejoii-ing conv thou forth, oiid put 
Tby Tfrt of beauty on. 

Start from thy narrow pri«>n house, 

And fearlfwiy «(J\-»nrf ; 
List to th<* ntnMC of thr lute, 

And lead tbv mirthful dance 

Oiughter of SAlem I quit the diut. 
And burn thy wrtile rbnini ; 

Afain «n Judah'* head desrvtuU 
Thy Sceptre — Shilub rrign* ! 



Kepori t^ Jlia Majnl^'a Cirmmi*ti(mer» 
tm Ih^ Poor Lavu. .Jr. IX.W. — A morfl 
inBtnictiv<* but mnil atHirting history of 
Ihr iucrrase of pauperism. heggRry.criaus, 
and misery, iprroding like a loathBome 
dersrUtioQ otcr tb« bad, and devourinK 
all within thr reach of ill pestUontUl 
breath. It ii no wonder that all who have 
a Talur for the presemttioB of their pro- 
|wirty, or who are alarmed at the propre»s 
vhicb in making toworda universnl porrrty 
and rain, nrr nlivn to X\\n rapid and 
friftbtful progreM of the eril. nod ansions 
to ditcover some nxans etfectunl to stop 
it* further ravagea. The Report is full, 
clrar, and diatinot, eoihracini; the re«uU 
of in<[uirica orer every part of the eouu- 
try. and coming back from oil alike, laden 
with the aane tale uf sorrow. It appears 
that tha prop«rty of aome pnri-^hi^ in 
((nito destroyed, others are in the high 
road to deotroction ; great part U unrale- 
able, and all id wetgtied dotrn by its op- 
pie^siie bunlen. Well do thui^e fi'om 
M'hutn the Kepnrt ist^^uc^, and ivho hiiVfr 
itit adlictinit tnithii fresh in Cbcir ttiimU; 
Welt and Justly do thiT admonish the 
ftovrrnon* "f the realm that tliere u no 
fjuesliiiu of such Ttlal intrrrst, auvh deep 



import that can come before them, aa4ia 
prencnt constitution of the Poor \jtm% 
and their rfTeeU, — the demoraliaatioa (if 
the minds of thu poor, the difiturbanre of 
the habiN and pumuitA of the middKoR 
elttffei, and the dcntmctiun uf the pro- 
perly of the rich. 

Tlie aim of the Coramiaaioners is W 
ad^i-e the Uw.-i rfKiurdiDK relief to b« 
hniuKht back as nenr, and as soon as 
pOMiblc, to their original intention ; to 
»e|iArato by a broad and plain principle 
the labovrtr fn»m ihtpavprr ,- the indos- 
trtoUH and independent from the idler and 
the tjloth ; Id destroy at once the accnraed 
nnd pernii'iaus allowance Ryutemi to let 
amall portii(ii» of land to assist labouTi 
but not tn BUperscdr hard labour ; to 
attend mont atrictly to the iotentiiin with 
which workhouses were originally huilt, 
and to confine thp pauper to a pauper's 
situation; thu« at onee n-minding him of 
his unfortunate and d<^itrti<lcd «itnattoa, 
and at the some rime (eitinj; th.' wnrVing 
Uhourer fri*c to enjoy n full remuneration 
of hia toil. The prrncnt system (if 
system it eAi be collet]), diKcuurage* 
industry, dcatroys independence, fostera 
imprudrnre, and genenitoi a train of 
evils that it ii not pos.«ible to number. 
Shuutd it go on, its termination will be, 
that all confidence, all esteem, all respert 
no one side, aitd benevolence on the other, 
will be lost; and that the whole landed 
proprrty of the country will be in the 
limbo of mortgagwo, in the gripe of altor- 
qIcs. and in the cuttiration of jiaupcr*. 

Advtnt. 7Ve/re S^rmtmu. By tA» 
R#e. J. U. B. Mountain, fltc. 1?mo. — 
Mr. Mountain aays, that he his for vome 
years been arerse from the publication of 
Scrmcrns, not only because of the enor- 
moufl number of them, being more than 
adequate to the demand, but from an 
impression that the styln aihplfd for 
tMirety end prrHtal arc so e.*!>enlially 
diftioct, a« torrnderit eTtrrmely ditfirult 
to produce a diKcourse suitable at once In 
the Pulpit and the Reader I Now the 
iitrrngth of thb argument niuat lie hi the 

KoinI— " Who \* the Reader?" If the 
leader is of the same class of persons 
who heard the delivery of the Sermon ; if he 
is of that claai of Hfe for the u«e of whici 
such Sennontas these are intended, we cnn- 
feu that we cannot see that the pemsa) 
should not both gratify and instruct him. 
We think Mr. Monntatn's example and 
argument are at variance; and that such 
Sermons ns his will always niramand, 
umon^ the middling and lower clasnes «(f 
the rural populaliuu, that respectful at- 
tention in the penual which they justly 
dvsor%'e. 



I 



d 



m 



MigcelfaneoHS Rfvieiift. 



187 



leu 

IE 



A tetttr tb tbrd O't-y oh Chtirek 
ifM. fly {;<!orge D'Oyly, D-D. Rft^tor 
J^amitttk. — The pro))Oi>itt{>o whirh tlic; 
ictornf Lmiibcth maki-st totlic Minintrr, 
iCerDtDje tJic niten whicb arr rnUeil tor 
re|>ain of tlic ChurcheK, is. ve think. 
Imte, vite, and junt. Witli him we 
itaDl admit the OUseatei's cluiiii to 
lonption ; his preptrt^ is subject to the 
ite, whitevrr his ojiinioDit miiy hr; nntl 
it the BiwiirsiTc nature nf hii« nptniona 
lead* to A douhlc burtlf-n on hia finance.i, 
irely th« I«w which suhjects hU |iri>pcrty 
A tut to which all are liable, b not to 
hlaiku-d. The xlternlions and modifi- 
ralinnH nf the. law, (irupoevd by Dr. 
D'Oyly, are meh os to all con«cienliou» 
perauiM would remove tiic <i)ijif(rtinna thnt 
couU) nmionably be msdr ; xnd when oh> 
toaa tMU« K-yOnd reasonable limits, 
e and niodcmle men may justly witli- 
iw from the dlscUMlon of tbetn. 







* Thw Story u-iikimt an End.-' from 

(iernMH, liy Sarah Au^tiu. — Not- 

nUuUndiui; that this is a pretty fiindfu) 

':tl«book, and the diw^nit of Mr-Harrpy 

iry eagagio^, ynt wc wwh Mrx. AubUu, 

for whrve talentx and acquirements we 

have a bii^h respect, would proceed in thifi 

work f<lie hti» m ably began, aad ^ve lu 

tranalatiuns nf the puenu and talea of 

" tithe. Wo have M'ilhebn Meisler, 

Mr. CarlvKlr, and FauHt by Mr. 

iftyward: but all eUc i.i a blank to the 

Inglish reader. Wekaow do one so ca- 

ible a> Mm. (why not Mi^8) Aualin, to 

> justirc to ?ueb a work, and no work 

latMr.Effinf^hnruWibtunKuuld publish .HO 

kely to remwuerute him for the outlay. 

It is a diflgracc tu uur lilemturt', tbat 

^lotltbe U not to lie re.id in Engliah. 

7^ a/m nf IJontiur .- and, Tht Rt- 

\im«d, 2 vol. — The moral thai is eon- 

lyed in the narrative of the forniLT of 

storiee, U unimpcachablf^ in its 

•rrertaeas; but it ijt not rmbodit-d in 

i;ter, and arf!ompanied with the lu- 

ideoU, and mollitird by the ciromn- 

Uices, wltii^li it wnubl have reeeiYcd 

from the hanH<< of a paiiiler, who had 

fainueif a personal wiHrricnw in lh« kind 

of trmnwictions which il record*, and who 

had be<-n really conversant with (be world 

' fashiou and nf fully. There is too aa 

alion of right and wrong — a de. 

ration of principles too uniuodiSed 

and intermixed^* want of thus? yrn- 

duatiny tnnfa and rrflfcM tiff/i/t thai ore 

n?al life haniionizini^ the Mlron^ op|io- 

ion of cood and ill, *irtu* and vice. 

loever the writt^r is, »»►« hsu drawn 

Vnowlcdgc of Kuch (lorinty a^ she dp- 

Jfroai runrcrsatiQn and book*. 





Her licruine. M'lM Bcilsod, is loo iu^j 
nocent, and her heiu', Mr. Alfred Mer^ 
ton, o good deal more wiekvJ than otn 
(hnary. It is dangerous fur a woman 1 
meddle with gonpuwder ; so the su/Aoreai 
has fullffU into a most ludierouii uiitilako] 
at )i. ISO, when she makes her ham, wha J 
is going in fight a duet with pistols, ' huf ] 
hiioself tkat he had nat that pigeont I'Mi 
rttin at the Jif<i I/ou*e." oa if liriog nti 
pigeons with a duublc-bairrllcMl MontoaJ 
baid any thing to do with the arcuracy f. 
one's aim with dutrlliuf •pistols. T^ tbitl 
lady Icnm from our auCboritr. that a per* 
ft[>n who will bring down a snipe to a cer- ] 
tainty at twenty yard* with n gun, wonld, j 
had he newr practiced, miits n giant acj 
twirlvc paces with a pistol— let liertrylj 
The Hccond 6t«ry,"TliK Reclaimed," is to6^ 
nincA out uf nature fiirourluKte i though 
many of the details arc written with feel- 
ing aad pathos. 

A SiMtrr't Stories, liy the Author of\ 
TTftree i'fart'' Tteridmce in Italy. — Ore or 

the nunierons little works that are written ^ 
for the initiation of youth into the do- 
li^^btful Aonctuary of nature. Natural 
Uutory, in iU various branclici*, is the 
tint subject to which the attention of 
■■bildres should be directed, l>erjiu>ie it 
falls immediately under the cfigniznoca 
of the senses. Tbry sec, tonrh. feel, nnil 
thus tbry learn. Oeurrally sjieakiug, 
nniiuuls arc more interesting to youthful 
minds, Ibcu the products of Uie vege- 
tuLle kiugdiiai ; the 1»ve of botany fol- 
lows an the previous lu^e of loolugy ; not 
one boy or girl in a hundred, would wisB 
togotwir^ptothe llnrtirulturaKiardenx nt 
C'biswick ; the whole of them oonid never 
find the day too long, or too often rc- 
jKrated, at the Zonlnipral. Many boys 
are Tcry Rni>d ornilhotogiMtx — we nnver 
met witn one who w«m a botaniut. They 
Ite^o with eggs, and nej«ts, and tamo 
birds, and procc<!d till tlicy find them- 
selves deep in MjirtiF-ii, and White, and 
Kennie. From this little work (hey may 
add the knowledge of Buttertfies md 
Moths to that of Dirdn; or ibey may 
make a divihioa in lirienre-— take the 
Birds themselves, and iea»c the Butter- 
flit-:* i-irid ButliTcups lo their sisters. To 
the study of the former, thi^ work will 
form s pleasing and accurate iutru- 
daclion. 



The NorthMon, a Poem, in four 
Canton. Jiff Hilnol Sladdeo. 1H.14.— 
Mr. Dilnut Sladdcn (what a name I } doea 
not want a command of poetical dirtinn, 
or raelndioQs versitieaiitin ; but we think 
hU Poem drfcrtivi' in uiovcmcnt. and in- 
terest ; and wc must bay (hut we never 




IS? 



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k |«K.< wader wcaasbaBE 




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W*F| 




W^Hs KacmnKC vob >ten{>. bis «^RUa$ 

IB w liw nanner m «iiiia. k* |c«tiRn4 
leittl^ <JUII««v«>i ;u H. « J*MM » — vftNCfMT «. 

sim ~* m atar irituB* laar' — wiHdhtr • 
TJiarTuc oHi ■AtKUS' rt arc iouviil {knr Ua 
-u ^im ^aatrrrmMi^ tail imavsidaHmMfitt-rf 

•ur iHHitm 3w«-':* -r* mr ''?!• thmr bwitc 
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•saotflr ««a dkt pjlmili^ libM^ __ . 
Uhmc Awa ^Hir ih«iHnM*birtt. •if A» h 







18S4.1 



Miscelianfi^us Revlatt. 



Aliert K. Port<rr, Sir John Malcolm, and 

I Authur uf Zulirnb, Mmid I'rtvrmiDpnt. 

I pcKvr BrinfH csc.ipcd liU brutal and 

ivardtT MKUsinR, vrc should have, no 

it, owed much tn hU enterprise and 

For the aocount of A%hR- 

d7 the author is indebted to the va- 

aable work of Mr. Klphtoittonp. Tli^ro 

several iniall iUustraHvp plntro in the 

olume: a tl^^er-Iilte portrait of Abbis 

Sinta, nnd un cxrellrnt and improved 

} of Pumiit with rurrcctiotu made in 

onUnce witli a apnea of astronomical 

bserrationa hy the Author; and tlie 

Irbole of the coantrics are dcscribtrd with 

( greatest possitile acwuracy. The stylo 

i^iich the History is written is plain 

I uiuftscted, and suited to the subject 

I fem of the hook. 



* *Tu tetter to tauffh than to cty P A 
DncrhanaHaH Sottjf. The H'orttt by 
Henry ilraudreth, Zm\. The Mtuie by 
Vt'. J, R«ail. — We quills agree with Mr. 
Brnndreth. and hnTe only to add that the 

^^B composer has well iierfonned bJs part ; 

^^■ynd to rvconunend tuis euug to our mu- 

^^vfical readers. 

I' 

Pi 



The Jwenile Mutieal Library, con- 
ducted by Mr. W. A. Ni«ld, eantaina 
towper's John Gilpin, set to music. Wc 
think it wan rather injudicious to take so 
lung a p<Hrm fur the firtt nninber ; Kvcral 
shorter ones would have better pleased 
the juveniles. The cuU, by CruikNhunk, 
at the head of each alternate Tcr»c, arc 
guud. 



7%e Hniif Bible, arranged in C^rono. 
ioyicei md iiiatnricat fJnler. Jiy the 
Jtev, Goorge Towniihcnd. 1 vol. !/■ 4*. 
• — A more aecepwiile nervioe than tbiit 
to the Biblical Student could not be ren- 
dered. Tlie eitcntive leartiini; and sonnd 
judin»<'nt uf Mr. Towufhend has been 
well cnifiloyed in carefully wciRbini; the 
best Bulharities, and cuusultinK the most 
ieamed etpositions, for the arran^tnent 
of hJabook. It is formed on the Cbro- 
oicle of LiKhtfoot, and is divided into 
eight Periods ; — 

Period 1. — From the Creation to the 
i>eluge. 

'J, — History of the time botwecD the 
Disfiemion and the birth of Muaas ; witk 
tfai) book of Jub. 

3. — From the death «f Mosvs to the 
conclusion of the Pcututeoch. 

4.^Prf>m the entrance of the Israelites 
into the Holy Laud, to the death of 
Darid. 

S, — The ReJRn of Solomon. 

fi. — ProDi the acceaaioa of Rchotwam 



to the cotnmeQcement of ttie BnbylonUh 
CaptiTity. 

7.— History of the Babyloahth Cap- 
tiTity. 

R. — Pram the termiDation of the Ctp- 
tJTity to the close of the Canon. 

The arn,nKement of the eTCDti of thiii 
Perifld had been rhiefty made on the 
authority of Dean Pridraux. The Ttjj 
rlose conntctioo which oubslsted between 
the Holy Land and Persia, After the re- 
storation of the Jews from this Capti- 
rity; and the mauncr in which their 
adverdty nnd proitperity, as well ax their 
progrem in the building of the Temple 
and City were influenced, or rather 
affected, hy the politics of the C'ourt of 
Pi-rsin. rendered it impossible to separate 
the accounts of the two cnantricv. 
"Tims," Rays the .\utlwr, "the Biblical 
Student is presented with a rotnplrtc 
History of the World and of the Church, 
from the delivery of tho PfomiBe to oar 
Ant Parents in ohncnre terms, Hit the 
dawn of the day when the Messiah ap- 

Sroaehed. The liijht of Prophecy gra- 
ually became blearer, till the expresit 
lentimony of MaUchi was given, — ' The 
Lord whom ye seek shall Euddeoly cimia 
tu hia Temple:'" 

MetluUa Cottciliorvm Mayntt tiritanniee 
el I/itiemiaatrAn. Dom. AAt'i ad An. Dunt. 
IJAH. Opera et Serutiruo Ricardi Hart. 
Norfiei. 11*33. «ro./>/>. 92.— This Volume 
professes to lay before the re-ader whaterer 
appeared to the compiler td be most impor- 
UQt in the Recorde of all the Ecclerijuddl 
Councils held, in Britain, in Scotknl, and 
in Irelnnd.'frum the introdurtionnf Chris- 
tianity down to the period uf the Refor- 
mation, torethcr with Extracts from the 
l^egatire Conxtitution^, and the decrees 
of the Archhisliops of Canterbury, from 
Lani^on to Cliicheley. The compiler 
relies principally upon the ' Synopsis 
Conciliorum' of the unfortunate Lunrenco 
Howel, oecaalonally recurring to Linde* 
wood, Spelman, and Wilkini. Other 
works upon the same subject appear to be 
unknown to him ; indeed, tbrou^faont 
his work there ue erident marks of a rery 
confined ac<)>AiDt«lico with our Antiqua- 
rian Literature. The abrid^ent is in 
Latin, iiud is fretjuently so expressed as 
not by any means to give the reader an 
acquaintance with the original. It iinfteo 
rather n tabic of contents, which Inti- 
mates the Bubjeets treated of, than an 
nbridgTnent, which ouitht to contain the 
substance of the regulation itself. Pur 
instance, the curious chapter r«Uttn< to 
married priexts, in the ConstitutinnK of 
Cardinal Otho, is dismissed tn the follow- 
ing terms : ' D« tuorati$ a BeurfieiiM 



\ 




190 



fine Arts. — Longh'n Stulptnv. 



mmortiulU.' and numerous aimilar Jiul«D. 
er» uf tlif uiiMtisfai-tury cliArmcter o( the 
Abridguieiit uii^l be nuity poiutcil out. 
Nor i> it more complete than it U kcCQ- 
nt«. Much natter M omhtcd w)ucli, for 
anjthin^ w« can percehre, i» eouAlljr tni' 
portsnt Willi wtuU u noticed. The tmtb 
U, thfti tl ii far more difficult to make i 
rr«llT uwfiil nlinilirmrnt, such an one «s 
for ail ordinary j)ur])o*t»., will occupy llie 
place of tbe originaj, and frcvent tjie ne< 
oonty of rtcarrinf to >t. than is ircocnUly 
itaafined. Tbe Britub Ecrlc»iiwliral 
Council* offrr n nibjcct of most interest- 
iog research, the more inTirine, pcrbuMi 
bwauMthey hare almost cruetj to ftinilih 
arms to tbe controTerviaiiit. The general 
hiiiloriui has recoune to them ut a corioas 
repository of interesting facts, connected 
both with riril anil rcclaciastual faiitury; 
the chronolocist rtnptoja tfava to oetUe 
ilates : tbe tbeolo^st Aods in them ample 
iram of that darknoft wlJch during the 






middle a^es threw its baneful ihodow ayrr 
the Church; thcjihilulogijttncoiiii tiietn 
the mutations Oif lanxuoice, aad di»cuvera 
the raeaoin^ of word« lun|[ obsokte ; the 
iuqutrrr tnC«i manneni and runtninfiknowa 
them to be a ntorrhnujce of valuable illna- 
lration« ; and, in short, every student 
dixriivem that thry throw Roiitf ^Ipadm of 
lipht upon hi«i own favimnle-rahject. The 
abrid^cr, if he cannot cuter into all Lbe«« 
branciieji of bumui koowln^e. ought at 
any errnt to iKisBcaa a mind capable of 
apprrciatinf them, and in the fonnatioti 
of hi* abridpnent lihould stcdAutly keep 
in view the Torioiu point* of inquiry 
with reqMH't to which the onRinal may be 
uteful. Jud^ by this te«I, Mr. Hart'a 
volume will he found extremt-ly deficient. 
Hie publication of nuch a work is an 
evidence of aome antiquarian seal ; but 
it» compiler ban mocb to do before bo can 
attain an honourable scatioa amungM 
Britiib antiqaaries. 



FINE ARTS. 



» 



LODCR'f liXHtaiTlON Of sctn^nTuc 
In tbe absence of better arvooimoda'* 
linn at Souionet Huu*>e, Mr. Vovau 
ha» \tetn inducol tu conmruct frallenea 
himself for the (wcanonal exhibition of 
hin ^i-ulplure. The aiuperior ma^itudc 
and itiiportiince of his works have well 
n-armnled the rrpeiise of puch K»llerie«, 
however consjdcmble. nnd we are glad to 
MO tluu by tbe sacrifice of a house or 
two at the Mck of hi« premitca in Great 
Portland-tlieet, be lia« aecurcd elboW'- 
room for the eKectition of any probable 
undcrtiikinft that hi^ fancy may hugc^it 
in the proMTUiiun of bis sludirs. The 
principal work contained in the collec- 
tion at prcKnt o|H.'n lo the public, is li 
largv circular pliuter rrpreftontiiti;; tbe 
coiitliet between the I-apitb» nnd Cen- 
laura, on the evlchration of the nuptials 
<if Pirithotis and Hippodumia; and al- 
tboiiffb it is one whieb we ronudcr highly 
creditable to the utenta of tbe artint, we 
caoitot but admit that thrri^ arp jwints 
about it to which ubjccUonn ma^ Ik' miidi'. 
That Mr. Loicii tboidd avail himself, 
in komti Uvt instance-!, cf tbe bints con* 
veyifd to us through tbe produedoni of 
MicHARi. Akcki.o and oth^re of the 
uldi'ii Hchncil, is very puidoiikblc u lon^ 
as he abHtHiii» from positive imitation: 
we cutild indeed wish ttuii in the dcsit^n 
of thiacompoAilion in jiHilicuhir, lie bad 
done » even to a Kfeutcr exiciil tliun be 
baa. Looking, for exam|tle,(it tttc equine 
kalf oFtho Centaurs, «-c thuuhl iwy that he 
wouU hove doni.' well to adoiit the prattor- 
Uon« sugeeatcd by ibc Elgin Marblea, uiicc 



with the phyitical pourer of diKught faonee 
and the in'tcllcctuid superiurity of ibo 
human spocieo. im cftmbined in tbcee 
creatures of the {wt'^ invt'ntion, the 
annibiUtioii of the Lupitlw ia an event 
thni no possible circumstance idiort of a 
mirneir mn avert. Wc conceive tbeac 
Centnun of Mr. Lougu's to be dclicient 
In KTNce and elegance ; and why, as re- 
apcrts their form merely, he Hhuuld have 
rejected the authority of a PtriDUS ora 
Lvail>i>i*8. we are at a hws to romprehi>nd. 
The thintt of the public for novelty li 
not MifBdent to justify n drporturc from 
established preccdenitt of ibis kind, at* 
thnUjKb it he lu the fabulous merety that 
ihc matter trrated uf biM refereoe«. The 
l^pithn*, it is to be recollected, were 
nuceexsful in the struggle Mr. Liit'GH 
biitt cboien for illustrarton, a reaidt that 
secmfiat variuoce with the inferior ener^ 
and dif,tiO!Ution to yield, nhich it auim 
us he nu* made them to cnncf. To 
ii!e<>( the funnidahlr puwi-r of the mod- 
Blent, Herciile*, Tbcseus uiid N'estor, ai 
well ai^ ririthou.% himvelf, mi^fat surely 
have been, with propriety and with mani- 
fest adiintn^e to tbe compoNiion, ren- 
dered coIoMal in stature rather tbon tbe 
pi^miet we liiid them in compurtMitt wilb 
tbcir opponents. We have no doubt. 
bowevcr, that rlie srulpior hafi conndered 
the liiibject well, and would be able to 
refute, in some degree, the view here 
taken of it; for, at all e%'ents, he baa 
suc-reedcd in producing a woik of very 
extensive merit, and one which every 
person of luste bbould take core, if poa- 



\ 



\ 
I 



^g34.] 



yine Arts. — Literati/ Intelligenci. 



,_, to see. Satoii, Milo, Somnii!<, uid 
rothvr colossul stntues ; on Adam itnd Em, 
\% Monk, OqilK-u^, ^Icrciir}', anrl similar 
iwibjccttf uf the niie of nature; M>izc|^|jii, 
iJjuimn's HorsE!!i, Nestua and I'L-jmiim, 
\\ combat bi'twi!!!!! 1iuiiti.>rN and liotiM, and 
Ffl^r iniiliiitUK tpY>uiiK, runrribiitc to thn 
rlitttrvii uid wicty of Mr. Lovcu's 
Ijuvs^t exbibitiaa. 

BOLI.rNK'li w:i.'LrTL'RK. 

Like Mr. Lofr.ii. Air. PETrn Hollins 
I Itlrlv opeiivU Ml exbibitioti of lu^ own, 
[liut It WHS for a vcrj- short Htdc, niid \vc 
LVrlicvc it bu nlrcmly rloflt'd. Tliu works 
I«f trhirh it ponnisted were Utaited in 
I iiutnbcr, but in quality exci-llenl. Cc- 
[•ehulus nnd Aiirom, the Miirdcr of thp 
liinoccnts nnd the Cormir (the last in 
iUustncion of a pasuge from ilyron's 
works) were tbc most coiwjiiciiods of 
I tbctn, nnd rai-b iiftbc^*! vra» treated with 
; mure of tbe poetry and foclittg of the 
) an tbfin we have often witnrnsed. The 
' fifpires of Cephaliis and Aurora were 
, c«)K*cially boamitul, and it occurred to iix 
I tbat tbcy would form an nltractivc centre 
\ to tbc vestibule of u gcntlemiin's mansion, 
La purpOM for wbicb tho otber two sub- 
r|M!U might Ih> f<)uiid Iphm pmeticable on 
acvuuiit uf tbcir *nv. A whole-length 
of the infiint daughter of \*tnct>nt Thomp- 
■oii, c:i(j. is an eKjiiisite little statue : 
and we may speak with scarti-ly less 
approhution of tbc* bust of tbe Hon. 
Mr«. Norton, and several other butu in- 
cluded in tke coliectiun. 



ArthUcciuial Urautiet (^ Continental 
Eitropt, is a «eries of Views of remark- 
able ancient buildings civil and eedeiias- 
ticnl. in Knuirc, Uic Imw countries, 
Gfnnany and Italy. Kn^nived by Jubn 
Coney, trom his avm dmwinpi, taken on 
the apol. With descriptive nnd hi^toriml 
lUustranoiis by ll. £. Llo^d. 

Tbc tcarr work of Mr. Coney, (who*e 
death We have Utcly deplored in our 
Obituary I, is bere braui>ht to u close in 
•even rniintH^ro, inslt^iid uf Ivvelvr, as ciri- 
giiuilly de«i|{tied, cuuHtatiu^ uf 28 laijje 



191 



Elaten, and M vigiiettoH. Notbtng can 
e mure utiiAictory than these fuithful 
and Kpirited TcpreMntations uf tbc noble 
cathrdrals, singular public buildinf^'s, and 
grotesque streets of tbe eujitiuuuiul cities. 
And wo conceive it bi(;h commendation, 
when We say, that tbe present work ivill 
not detract Irum the high rejiutatiuti Mr. 
Coney acquired, by his larerr Serir« of 
Vie\v8 of " The CathcdniTs, UotcU de 
Ville, &c." 

As the editor boa not atcempted any 
arntnpeiiu-nt, wc will bricHy enumnate 
the jubjeetii uf the pUteit, in alphabetical 
onier of plaee.^ — Abbeville Cathedral, 
2 views; Amieii!! Catbednil j Antwerp 
Cathedrals and Ilotpl de Ville; licouvaig 
Cathedral; Uni^cK ToHii-ball ; Bnis^elfl, 
St Midtael's Church, and the iicf;uiru 
Dfie; Cahiis, St. Peter's Church, and the 
Town-Uall, Jtc; Dieppe, Cburtlies of 
St JaqncB uiid St. Remy; fibent, St. 
UttVon'B Church ; IjOUvbui, St. Fetcr"!! ; 
Monts Clock Tower; Montreuil, St. 
Suuve, 2 views; Pahs NOtru Dumc and 
I'jintbeon; Rouen, St. Ouen, 2 views, 
and St. Alaclou; St Omer, Cathedral, 
JeKULt'8 Colle>re, Abbey of St. Berton, 
2 views; and Vprvs Caihedral. 

We regret to My tbat tbe descriptions 
arc very meagre, each nubjcct being dia- 
misMd in about a. dozen lines. And tbuB 
an opportunity is lost, (aa was tbe case 
in a^reat measure with PuginV and Le 
Kciix's " Sj>ecJmcns of Architectural 
Antiquities uf Nonnandy," | of l'uruiin)|( a 
valuable and intttructive work ai> an ae- 
companyment to an excellent seriea of 
plates. 

Wilkte's line historical picture of John 
Knox, which inadcKogreutan iniprcasiun 
on the public two years ago, and which 
Sir R. Peel purchased for a large sum, is 
now in the bands of Mr. Moon, with 
permistiion from Sir Robert to have an 
engraving executed from it. Mr. l>oo, 
the celebrated engraver, has undertaken 
the HerL-ulean ta»k tu line, which mil 
occtipy him three years, at n cost uf 1,&M 
Ruinetts, mid jOi, to Mr. Wilkiefortbe 
copyright, witb his superintendence. 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 



AVw H't>rkt anm>Nnixd/»r PitbtieatioH. 
Dr. SouTHKV in en^'afird upon a Life 
«f Dr. Watts, to aecomjwTty a Hew edi- 
tion of the •' Hone Ljtirc," forming ihu 
ninth volume of the " Sacred ClasMcs." 
The National Gallery; Hiogmnhical 
Sketcbcii of Eminent Artists. By J. 

OoUl.lK 

Katniliar Anecdotes «f Sir Waller 
tbe Etlhck Shepherd i with 



an original Sketch of the Life of Mr. 

A^Pre-existiiig State Proved ; and the 
Cunsj-ileney uf tbe Trinity, exhibited 
upun u New Priniriple. By a LaVxan. 

The Rule of Life, or dulde to Prac- 
tical Godliness, deduced from tbe Sacred 
ScnjilureR. 

'riie Prcai^her'a Manual. By S. T. 
Sn-atEVAJTr. 




llM 



LUeraiy and Scientific inUlUgence. 



[Aug. 



The Secoixl Vulanie of Mr. Movt. 

tv Maiitin'b HUioPT of the Uri- 

ilitli Colonirsr canlauuM PoMaaiana in 
"be Wm IndiM. 

Hflori QuURi or, tbe Bsya of the 

I«Ii-s of tbe Rhtmtdan. By Mr. St. 
)oiiw, Author of ^ EgTpt uid Alabomed 
AIL" 

An Emsv on the Life and Wridnge 
, of Bishop Butler. By Dr. Cbolv. 

A Cullfrtion of tlu! Enri of Mnnv- 
f iKCTiiN'ti Glee*, MidrigsU, Ruuuda, 
Catches, and Canons. 

A Ilittory of Britisli Fiilie», with 

Woodtuts. By Wvi. GAUErr. K.L.S. 

Tbe iHiurt uf Sisismund Au^tutiis; 

|l«r, Poland in the 16tb Century: nn Hvt- 

KING'S COLLECE, LONDON. 

Jmnt 87. Tbe third annuii] dislribu- 
t'tion of tirizes took plncc, hit Gncc ibe 
ArrbbiOiop of (Canterbury in the chair. 
, 7*brrp were nba prrjicnl the Binhop of 
' I/oiid*>ii, Lurd liixlc)-, Viicuiint En- 
f «inil>r. Sir R. 11. Ir>Kli'i, Hon. JI. LogKe, 
I Archdcoroti Cambridge; and the ampKi' 
j theatre was crowded nitb Indies and 
iffcntlenen, the relatives and friends of 
ittc Ktudfntt. 

Tbe PrindpaJ (Mr. Otter) proceeded 
Ito addrcM tbe V.vait fnr the purprtiie of 
Ifenakil^ ■ report of the geneiml result of 
Itiie studie* in the aenior department, he, 
\fOS tbe CoOwe, for tbe pS5t yenr. 
1 Tbe PnM«aors then prM«med to his 
^ Grace the several suraeaaful candidates 
I fur prizes, which were prceentcd as ful- 
[lovrs; — 

/■ I'hroiogy. — Mcasn. Skirrow, Chris- 
I lio, WlUon, Anderdon, Ford, and Tbiv 
(■BtM. 

In CtUftcal LUeraturc, — Fml nrixc, Ut 
class, to Mr. Hnrdcaiitli- ; 2nd rbm, Mr. 
Gerard; 3rd class, Mr. Dnsant. 
JtfatienuirirA— Mesa. Mathison, Cbiii- 
' J RiicHter, Tbomoa, and Ford. 

BngO^ LUenture and Ilirtory.— Mr. 
%hr0Wi ud Mr. Spinlce. 

Htbrtw and ItaUiHifitl J.itfraivre.^ 
Vint prize to Mr. Morris ; £nd ditto, 
Mr. Gerard. 

FfmcA fAtn-tttmrt. — Mr. Bodkin, asd 
Mr. Smith. 

(ierman Litrraiurr.. — To Mesa. Kimp- 
lon nrid Spttiki. 

OrieuUil /^lof^iogft.— Mx. Strachey. 

The Prindpal then prcMmted Mc^rt. 

Busk, Peppercorn, Hare, and Duwding, 

as candidates fur the hcnnur nf Asi^oci- 

utcs: afiur which ihi- H<>ad .MDitvr(Kev. 

It. Mjrnor) mndc n UrjKirt for the pai^t 

liii-ii \VM highly satisfactory^ and 



[iriufl were iwarded to a otimber of the 
junior hcholanL 

BUSroL LITUAfty AXD PHILOSOnDCAL 
aOCIETY. 

The pTocecdingft of tbii Society during 
the bjyone 5««^ou, are bicbly cr«ditafaie 
to thic seal and ability ol its members. 
Dr. I. C. Prichanl. «»d Mr. G. T. Ckrk 
cave a course of lectttrta upon Kpyptiui 
Mummiot and Antit^uities, the liix-nility 
of l^Ir. (lamrd, the City ChaiiibKrUiii, 
having funiisbed seveml Egyptian cuiio. 
ndes, Bi>d uiHniK them two fine Mum- 
mica. Mr. S. worsley also gave a 
course of k-clunrs on Geolof^', wbicfa met 
with the attention that tliey amply de- 
served. 

Pupcrs h>ve beon read at the private 
meelincH b^' various individnajs, among 
-nrbom l>r. ^ilcy was as usuil in tbe fons 
ino«i mnk. 

Several Eftyptian Antiquities batie 
found their way into thi- Museum; and 
wr ob>tiT%t'(l. Ill B Uli: riHit to the city, the 
indi'fuii^-abW Curaior, Mr. Slulchbury, 
amnpHf; the roncbulo^cal collvctioa. 

We hear ntso itiat nn oiTunUe Geola> 
l^cal survey of the Bristol coid basin is 
in progress, concerning which uv shall 
hopi! at a future period to obtain further 
information. 

OniE.NTAt. TKANSI.ATION COMkrrTTKK. 

JtiJffO. At the annual miM'tiii^, tbo 
Duke of Kichmmid in tbe chair, tbe or- 
dinarv mulinr uf motioni was divendfied 
by Sir Alexander Johnstone, wbo moved 
a vote of tlinnks to tbe Congrvgatio de 
Propi^anda Fide, at Rome. He stated 
tbe great value of accurate infonnatiaa 
reapeetiiig tbe East to Fti^knd at ^ 
preaeot moment, and ithmvvd tbu graak 
mcilitiea wbidi that inttilution puneiMd 
for ocquidBg knowledge, and tbe nnwCB- 
ried seal and industry with which ita 
members had laboured for itit attainment. 
All tbe vast slorc.'i of oriental infonna- 
tion aeqtured by them during two oea< 
turicn, and aeeumuUttd iii tbe arvhive* of 
the Cun^n-t^sliuit, had been thrown up«n 
to the Koval .Atiintic Society by tlie Ube- 
ndity uf tbe t>r»ient Pofte and hi» coutu 
cil ; nay. his Holineits was so pleased with 
the liberaltt}- evinced by tbe British Par- 
liiuncnt, in pruvidiiijt for the security of 
tbL' UoiiiuR C'lithulic churrhen in India, 
ttutt he had te^tolved in future to aend 
liri'jsh fctthjccts only to perform derical 
dittieo in tbat country, lest the natiorial 
feelings of others should render ibem 
bo»tile to the British government. (Ive 
miftKionnrics had proceeded from Stoney- 
luiRit Miibin the litst few wet-ks to Cm* 
rutta; and. before their deixirlurc, they 



1834-1 



Literary 'and Scie^ific Inteftiffeace. 



\9i' 



k 



ipui. by the Po)i«V ilircrticHis visited tbc 
Asiatic Society, to offur tluir HiTk-icem iu 
forwanlioj; its object*, nnd ba<J nrnmifird 
lo BfTid to tbL- &'ji'i(.ty |K-rifiiJic.il rrportK 
of their iiiVL-«tigbtipni)aTiil di!iL-ovpric8,ns 
in the lost century, the Jcftuit iDiwion«-> 
ties used (o do to the congregaliou de 

JCEW lOCOMOTJrE MACHINC 
Ulr. Abrill, n mrchaniiriif'iJoftton, baa 
rfiscovcted a mode by whioh u jicrsoa 
nMy eaHJIy propel hiinfirlf on conmioii 
womAt, at a speed of horn ci|cht to tt^'ii 
niiln per hour, vrithoiU onv <-xpi-i)dittin> 
in material, iave the cost of the rwriaget 
The eonstructioii of the vebiele is re- 
markably light ; the body i» on four 
wheels, and tlie itnpptus in efferteil by thf 
premiire of the feet upon nonie coiicealed 
macbinery. the lutiure of which thn pr«»- 
prietorkecps a secret, though be n-il1in({ly- 
shows tbc carriBge to c*'ery one exrepr 
professed meehanici*. At un clevalion 
of nlioHt four feet the ronduetor sitP, nnrt 
he is enabled to guide it nith the utmo«<t 
■ccuraej"; to eUFpend the motion in 4Ui 
nMtant; to lum to the ripht or Ifft; or 
to give it a backward proprcn*. BewidcH 
the meehonical power, however, the in- 
rentor biiH i-:ill«d tVio winds lo hif aid ; 
for Bhoiild ihe traveller he favoured with 
propitiuil>< gules, he cniif by ibe introduc- 
tion of a common umbrella im front, avail 
him»eIfofan additional accelerator; Ihe 
liKhuies9 of the vehicle and the elevation 
of the conductor, rendering the loiwt 
breoce lufGdent to give the ctrriogc an 
«iiward progresj. 

STKAM CARUAGEB. 

The Scotch papers contiiin the moat 
aatiefuetory aot-oiints of the EUCceH<t of 
the Mt'am eamnges now rmmiDg, nnder 
the dlreciiuii of Mr. RiittelViTegularly 
iMlween GI«)<gow and i'aiilejr; and the 
French jtajieni reporl eiiiiMlly well of one 
lately invented by M. Dittz. Ac the 
firsc trinl, thi» latler drew to Vinccnries 
an omnibus tilled with people. It set ulT 
froni the Kue de Cbnronne, ^nd reached 
the wood of \''incciinciiin eleven minutes, 
being at tlt« rate of about miie miles an 
IwMir. As this it all level road, anutber 
trial was made upon a billy one, with a 
view to tut the i>ovver of the engine more 
completely. U|ton tbe iKcond occasion. 
it drew two oiniiiboBetf containing,' about 
sixty people. It overcame the rapid ac- 
clivity at the Porte St. Wctiis with tlte 
groatrvt ra.«e, amidit the ihouts of Ibe 
cpcctatorii; and bi-fore its return, the 
numbrrof perKonx in the omtiibusew was 
incrra«ed to seventy. Tbit mnchirre i« 
of forty-borec power, and i-t ntinut twenty 
liHt long. It m upon three wbeels— t^vt> 

Gent. Mao. Vol. II. 



bebiud, and one in front. The two bind 
wheels only rwrelve inipuUioii from ll.c 
niueliinr; und the front one i> lut-d to 
direct it. These wberU are of jveuliiur 
f^jn-iiruction, being «o formed that Ihel-o 
is the greateJt surinee upon that port of 
the wheel wlJL'h tonebes tJie road. By 
tbU means its ascent upon a hill is said 
to be fneiliuitcd. More or leu ateam, 
nnd coiiHeijiicntly more or less power* 
mny Ik> biuuKht into action on the » heels 
at pleasure, by means of a chain. Steum 
carriages upon a f^imilor principle are 
about to be cmptoynl between Pons and 
Versailles. 

AUVSSrXIAN MANt/KUiirre. 

Among tbc curiosities which AI. Rup* 
pel fans brought (rum Abyssinia are two 
remarkable muiunchpts. One i&« Bible, 
said to contain n new work of Solonitinf 
one or two new Iwoks of K^drati, and a. 
eoiiHidenible addition to (lie 5tb Uutik of 
Ksther, nil pertV etiy unk notvn in Europt^ 
It also contains the book of l^nuch, und 
15 new |»uilii>«, ibe existence of whicb 
WU8 nlntady known to tlie learned. The 
other maHUKcript it a BjMeics of code 
whicb the Abyssiiiianit date from tbc 
Council of Nice [325), the rpoeh nt which 
it was promulgated by one of their kings, 
'J'htseode is divided into two books; tbfl 
first reUtes to canotiicn! law, and treou 
of the, relations of ihe church with th« 
temporal power; the other is a sort of 
civil code. Tbere are also some remark* 
able hytunti, becantie they present the re- 
turn of consooancy, the only feature of 
poetry to be found in Abytsinutn lite* 
nture. 

EN*Touoi.or.iCAi. toasvx. 

Jiittfl. The foMowing papers were read': 
ObservutionH upon certain BritiKh Hpeciaa 
of DroiniuD, by ('. ('.. Babingtoii, escj. 
M.A.:i.— On a ikew Briti>JigeniK of Neu- 
ropteruus Insects belondng to the family 
HemorobidiL', In- Mr. We^itwood: — On 
a new genus of Weonl? from St. Helena, 
byM. ChtvroktL — Note upon the iJriti»h 
genera Aecentria, AcemropuEs, and Zuii> 
cle, by Mr. We«twood : — and the con' 
elusion of Mr. Temulctoa's Lfeacriptions 
of the Thj'sunum Hibeniica. A loug 
di«cii«sion took place upon the ravages of 
the canc'lly. a minute spedea of the 
Cicada of Linntcus, whirh at the present 
time i& counuiittiirg incredible miKrhief 
in (rreiiaihiiuid other West India iKlati'bi. 
It was stilted by a gentleman prv»ent, re- 
cently arrived frwrn the former island, 
that ui Mtme inatances not less than two<- 
tbirds of the entire erop« ba^'c been de- 
stroyed, nnd that the (list uppoiirnnoe of 
the in«cet was preceded hy a violent hur- 
ricane. A ('wiini)I.Lce wiu> «.uv^aiX«dL« 



< 



Lilffaty and Scientific fiaeUigntce. 



inr- 



hith & rirw lo dwoover the prcci**; mode 
' ihe itlurkft nf tlic insirci, and if po»- 
^rible to eug^»l « remedy. 

noiTian .TUBAL taaen, 
JmJjfi. The tliird exhibition took place 
at the Sodciy'* ^rdcu, and wi« ptodoc- 
tivv ol **■ much, if not more, BTBtifieiUian 
tluin the two preceding. Thirty-WYen 
. mi-dals HtTc adjud^-d for wime «f tho 
fftncfct fruit Jind flowtre in tbc kingdom, 
P«nd the niimbt-r of visitors wM upvfgfds 
of thiee thouMttd. 
I JWyia. A paper, by Mr. Knlgbt, wm 

^H rekd, upon the causes of ibe disrase* and 
^Bdefonnitics of tbc IcBTea of tb« peocb- 
^H Ure. Among tbt* artidc^ rxbibited were 
^Hifome vines rmm I^lr. Mi.-iini«, ilhittnttre 
^H^Af bie inperiious method uf ruihtrtK tbcm. 
^vBoostf \ery bimd'omc chtrrric*, oearinf 
^Btbe name of Btgnrnrau Napolfofi, were 
^^ an the uhle; ihcy wrre mucb bu^, and 
more highly roloured than tit* conUBoa 
Bigarreau, lo which variety tbey rip«i in 
fucceuion. but are scarcely mi tender in 
cbeir quality. 

EMBAUflMG IN mAKCU 

the Conserratoirc dc« Arts et Me- 
Parii, IK to be sec^ a mumniy pre 

^ by Mwiir*. t'*pron and Bonibuv 

after a prruhnr prtiefxii of tbelr OMTD, bf 
which they are eimhled to pKaerw the 
body without iilteration for a vrry con- 
ridarable period. The mummy in titles- 
tion iv the body of a iwraon who died from 
conauoiption on the Ut of October, ]ii3\, 
at the 1^ of 42 — hta feature* are said to 
be perfectly recognizable by the pcrsoni 
wbo loKW him : other inecimeiu, which 
for ten ymff have rensten every change of 
tvmpeniture, to which they have been ez- 
poaed by way of rxperiment, may alno be 
aeon there. Mevn. Capron aad Boni- 
fkre have overcame one difficulty, whirh 
wai bitberto ihouKbl iiikuniiouDtuhlo — 
ihey are able to prcacnc the iuttmal 
put* uf the body, the bniii, liuipi. heart, 
ftitmiU, &C., in a ]>crfect fttate : the body 
u, in fact, kept encity as at the date uf 
deoeaie. 



ncTtraxa or the ij^te duile de bcrri. 

Tbii eollMrtion of IIB Dutch and 
I'lemish pictures, [tonning fhe cabinet f>f 
L'ElysV'e llourbon), has lately been cx> 
bibited iit Mess. ('hrifitJc and Go's, for 
sale, by private contract. Tbe fullowini; 
Iti Picturrit were alone K>ld; 

A iiutidscupc, with a flooded country. 
By Philip Wouvcrmane, MU. 

Anulbiu*, La Course aua Uaveoga. 
By diuo, :mOL 

A FuJcMier. By Oaspard Nvtschcr, 
900L 



$ 




he Uelour du Marche. By ditto, WOt 

An ExtfiiMvp LuMdvcape, mtiIi a \'iU 
lafre on lUc biuik of anvcr. By ditlo» 
5UCW. 

Two Childrvn at Play at a nindaw. 
By diito, -ifiOI. 

A Calm. By W. Vandcr Velde, SUML 

A Uodaeapr. By Ruy»daeU 1«(U. 

A UodMape. By Cuyp, UM. 

A Dutch (iirL Bv Uetatd Dow, dUU/. 

An luliau LeudMapc. By Brrem. 

An Interior. By fJ. Srlrr ' 

A Squall. By Bark Hi.^ 

A \illage Cabaret. By i < tiu.-x, -^u. 

Interior uf a Cabaret, By Ostiule. 
WOL 

View of the RtalEo. ByCuiialctti, 00/. 

A Vouiig Lady. By J. \'«.ii Ochtct- 
vtldcGO/. 

Alt Interior. By MeUu, 80/> 

Total told. ^WOU 

■• TBC uocat: or cumhom w 167&" 

A rarinujt hiktoriral Picture, u itb tho 
Speaker Williams in the efaolr. and Sit 
Kooar Hill, of Drnbam Place, near L'x* 
bri^, addressing the Houm, far whom 
it wo* painted, and it boa been at Dco- 
bam Place to tbi* time. It waa ikc 
property of Col. Way, and vras bougttt al 
TlifCMn Cbriiitie niid (Vi's. ruoffti, Jiiao 
81. for 9&y. Uf. by Sir. W. WUliami 
Wynne, but. whcwe ancestor appear* In 
the picture as Speaker. 

Jumt 17. Tbe last relics of tbc Tta- 

fediaii Kean, which bod been biougbt 
rota hi* cottage in the Iklcof Uute, wne 
ibii dav oonrioned to the haiuraor. The 
nu^nifirent nWer-^lt vase, icv-paU, and 
cup, preaented to Kran by tbu Di'ury- 
lane Couipany^ on the VMb of June, 
1816. wialnioclied down to ^Ir. I^mier 
at If. per ouncis it* weiifbt beinR mO 
nuncea. Tba lorloiAesbell snuff-box. 
Uoed with fold, with a reprrsenlatioti uf 
a wild-buur hunt in mosaic, prefcotcd to 
bim by Lord Byron, fetched 30 guineaa. 
The Macbeth sword, civrn Kt-an in H*19 
by the getiilcmcn of tdinlmrtih, Mid for 
eigbt guineaa. A volume of ;>bhk- 
ipeare*BCiagediet|hiitorie«i, and coiuedtca, 
printed in 168A, and containiog seven 
plays never before printed, presented to 
Kean by tbc Duke of Drvuusbin!, was 
purchased b^ Mr. Hugbea, of Drury^lasch 
fur three guinea*. The Damascuii twooL 
the gift of Locd Byron I the Venetian 
tword. worn by Keui in Utheilo; the 
star and garter, worn by him in Kiciuud, 
and preaented to him by Mrs. liarrick; 
and a opleadid piir^ile elcMk, worn in 
Henry the Fifth, were, by oniwnwl con> 
aetit, awigitcd to Mr. Charter Kean al 



^ 



iwic guinea tath, followed by a timul- 
I Caoeoiu bunt ur appmtwtioii. HU gold 

wmrr h was nut up, and bou(;be for twenty 

gidiieas. Ori^Dilly it wan an excvUmit 

tiinrst, and cost Kean tifcy ^iiicaB, but 
fit had Ijtii-ii rougbly liiuidlcu from time to 
] time. A chain, three si.'iil<i cn^niVL-d with 
J« bust of Shalcitpctirc, a boar (K»n's 
l-rrcBt). and a fancy motttj (Friendship), 

letetied 11/. Ifu. Hi!i galH itnake ririf;, 
lliritb ruby hnd and cfnc-rHtd «yc*, which 
' Iw wotv ronstantly and tn the hour of 

drath, fetrhed four ^lin^^as and a linlf. 

At a prenoui; sail At (rinsgow, on the 
I 4ft of Slay, Woodland Cottage, (he rc- 
r treat of tbt.' iu:ti)r, M-as knocked dcinn at 

ifiSOL to Mr. Ruiltun, a writtr to the 
|signet. 

ANCIEKT BAKCOrllAGt'H. 

Juiy IS. A barrow was opened, in a 

[ jHu^tnrc near Gristhorpc Cliff, about eix 

l-initoB south of Scflrboroi)j*h. on the estate 

\'cf WlUiam Beiwlck, Kaij., wlicrein. at 

llie depth of eight feet, a sarcophiigus wns 

fiound. laid bonznntallly north and south, 

r iexuanted» in two pit-cus out of the trunk 

I of an oak« and mciuurini; aeven feet and 

[a half in len^h, by three in diameter. 

' This primitive sepulchre contained a 

akelcton, quite blacL, the bones disunited. 

I (but very perfect], of a ni»n upv^'lu-dd of 

I '^x r««t in hi'ight, aiid Kcumiiigly beyond 

I the middle a^e, wrapt np in tb# remains 

I bf the hide of sotnv lar^e animiil Iprub- 

[ kbiy an ox}. The bntis point of a ttpcar, 

[ Viih curious sort of pmie made out of 

I Hit tnrk of ^ame tree, and several bone 

I l>uis, wrn- fijutid among these bones. 

Tha whole verc, by the liberality of Mr. 

IlcftVrick, deposited in the ScnrbonHigh 

Munram. 

ANTKnit.tHIAN MAN. 

Tlie jounul of Madrid, the Mhcnie, 

' publish** a very Hiriuuliir k-ttt-r respuotim 

a diiirn»frj' recently made, and which 

particularly rrliitev tn natural hiiitory. It 

appears iDBt in difrpn;^ the canal of So> 

pena, a rock wax fuutid about eiffht feet 

attdcr the itirface, and beneath chisi rorJt 

at eightetn feet (w>mc argillaceous earth. 

At thift Mpot a human body iti a Htate of 

netrehietiun vra« di-H-overcd, of which the 

tMini'K, faavinj^ th'p mark« of veinn and 

arteries, reterrbled a whitish piece of 

Rtone. Thin body wb" eighteen feet long 

I jnche* and three lines French). The 

' w*Bs two feet brood, and the rJie«t 

I feet in breadth. A phyHidaa and 

nounined the body, and rpcojt- 

*lit»rd it to be a man. Several of the most 

rei'pwiaWe person* have risited the spot 

I for the p»rpo*c of seeing this great 

, MriositT- 



THE SUBTECS tOCieTY. 

"We are hajipy to announce the forma- 
tiiiti of a Litemry Soripty, to be callMl 
The Surtccs Society, in honour of the 
late Robi^rt Suricn. of Muinsfortb, Eiq. 
the Autbo' of the Ili-story of the County 
Folatine a! Diu'ham, and in aceordancv 
with his pursuits and plnnn, to hare for 
its obji'Ttf' th<^ puhlimtion of inedilL'd 
MunuKcripts, ilUiRtrative of the inltfllcc- 
tusl, the moml, the reliffioiis, arrt the 
Bocifl] contrition of those parts of Enp- 
liuid atwl Scotland, included on the Fait 
between the Hutnber and the Frith of 
Forth, and on the Wcht between the 
Ulersey and the Clyde, a rfRion which 
constituted the Ancient Kingdom of Nor- 
tfaumhcrland. Several Gentlemen of lite- 
rary chatactcr, personal friends of the late 
Mr. Surtcc«, are its principal prumoter^, 
conceiting that a monument of this nalitre, 
combining a permanency more durable 
than l>raiui nr uiartilt', with n purpose of 
great public utility, will the most atrongly 
expreet* their grief for the loss which they 
and the general cau«e of literature have 
BUMaiaedi and beat accord with the fceU 
ings of hiot whom Ihi-y lament; know- 
ing, as they du, that if be bad survived 
the eomplctioci of the Work in which he 
wax eng&ged, it waA bin intention Co have 
dt'vriled a portion of his timp lo flie 
pTililicatinn of more thitn one Mantt*(rript 
compriwd within their plan. The Society 
wiU consist of an unlimited number of 
Members (nearly one hunrla-d hare 
already joined), out of whom will be 
triemiinliy elected a Frc.ndent, twelve 
Viet'-Pre-iidents, a IMrcetoi-, two Trea- 
Hurorn, and a Secretary, whn will cnnsti- 
tutc the Counnl, Their ineomc will be 
Kolely expended in tnmKcriblnfr and pu1>* 
linhing. in n rlosely printe i ot:tavo form, 
eucb inedited MaimseriptJi im llhifilmre 
the condition of tliose partis of Ertftlmid 
and Scotland, included ^vithin the lines 
of dt'iniirrution above-mentioned, and 
from thfj earliest period to the tirre of 
the ReBtonition; one copy for each 
Member, and the remainder for publie 
sale. We shall lake another opportunity 
to DOliee the Alaniiscripta prnjiosed for 
primary attention. Tl.e Secretary is the 
Rev. Jnmi'!t Haine, of Purham ; trom 
whom the Kulesof the Society mnybcpro- 
ciired ; and who. we may lake this oppor- 
tunitr of mentioning, has been n-fiui-sted 
by Mi^. Surtccs tu comjilcte tlie History 
left incomplete by herlamentcdhufbnnd — 
a ta«k which his own Histon- of Ps'nrth 
Dtirhani shows hirn lo be well qtmlifiod 
to execute. 



I 



19« 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



»C^ 



T>ROCKEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



Morse or Lords. 
JuHt J3. Tlu.' MuTiiuiH uf if'ctlminttir 
moved ihv hccuiitl rirodiDK of tliv Bill lor 
the K&>tu\ At. of tlic UiBAVIuncs of tbv 
J rH'». I lt» LimUtiip udduci'd variouit 
HffEumento in favour uf tlie tneAi^urr, i-ori< 
Undiiw tl^C their mtinlwrn were small — 
tliaC cbe Jews were not hostile to the 
Christiiui rfli^rioii, unrt, even if in [he [los- 
aesaiuti of (iowur, would not um.- it Tor tbi 
purpoM; uf dci^troyiiiK ihu- KsUtilibbinenr, 
llie idea of iiryoi'iyli'iiiK Clirisiiam Iwing 
quju unkuuwn riuuii|{ tliein ; iind that 
Ibvir catunapattun woiil<i be one of the 
mott i-Aectuu Me|>H whirh roiild be takca 
tu gain over the Jews to thi; CbriatlKn 
Tclijpon. — 'i'lic Lull of MulauAuiy op- 
uuwd llie Uill, and niawit. that it shuuld 
M rewl tluit duy oik. months. He did not 
tbifik it fittiiif; tbut a (hn^liuii fonimn- 
itity should niimlx^f araoii^ its lawf^ivuni a 
MM of men who regurde<l their blessed 
Suviour a« an iinpoetor. — I1ie Earl of 
H'iac/miMta wvonded the u(iieiK]nieut~. 
Luid iitjilcff fcti|>i>ortL'd the Bill. — 'I'he 
^rcbbit^hop of Canfftliurtf nppOHcd the 
Bill merely from rclij^ious serupLes, anil 
Itecttuse he did not deem it proper ihtit 
JeM-» ou^ht tfi be allowed to fomi pJtrt of 
B Chriktiaii Lt-Riiiluture. — The Karl of 
HaHiwr strongly sii|i|iorted the Hill. — 
The .MuiiUL-sfc uf H'cttouttih ifiiriDi'd, 
tliat till' Bill would uuclirimianiK the 
UriltHb Psriiuucuu 'i'lic House divided, 
when tliere appetired — fur ihv Uilj, 3b; 
■guiutt it, 130. 

In the Uot'sc or Comiionb, the same 
ifaiy, on the motion lor the rei-oniuiiiful uf 
the iHtatt iirilts UiJ], Air. lAtUeStn «&. 
plainiHl the alterations which it wod pro- 
posed to make in the couinittee on th« 
me^jiurc. Thev eonaisted of tha otntmion 
of that paft of the Hill which uivr*teH the 
revenue of the thitrch in knd. luid cunite. 
tfucntly of [hi* re'leiiiptiou l-Imkcs. 'i he 
couiputiiiun Mould, on th<.* piix>iii>; of ltu> 
Art, Ik converted tiilu utaiid-ux, payable 
to the Crotin, and tbnt knd-tuc would be 
coUrrtt'd by the Crown tJi the miihu 
smounct, tuwl frocn )hc fuimv partieH, wbu 
werv now \m\iW for (he cuiopotition. 
Thit would continue fitr five yean. The 
aitiouiit »o colict'lrtl would bo fMud to the 
titb»>t<witcrfl, MtbjM't to a dedoeiion of 
tbree per cent. At tltc end uf Uvii yeura, 
it wvs propoted that four-fiftha of tfac 
kiid-tax be connned into n rent-cbsriEe. 
to bv imiKMed on the owneii of cmmc of 



inlieritance, Siirh partie* were to have 
the power of reeoverinf^ it from tht'ir 
tenant* or 6ub-lciKints and all who were 
primarily liuble under the existing law of 
eonipDitttion. The amount of these rent* 
churges "o collected by the Crown wma to 
be puid to the litlie.uwiierii, subject to ■ 
furchvr reduction of ty \wt rent, for Ibe 
expense of rollertinn,— 'Mr. f/t'oameU, 
after B long npeccb, in the course of whicb 
be inveiehed Hgainst the evils of the Utbm 
$y«lem in Ireland, ennelndcd by moving 
an n rr^oluitnn — " Thiit after any fund* 
which Khould he mii<ed in Ireland in lieu 
of titheji had been bo npproprinled as to 
proride suitably, ronsidering Te«tcd in- 
terests and fipiritnal \vnnt% lor the i*n>- 
leitants of ihu Estnbtjshcd Church of 
Ireland, tbc surpliu that remained thould 
be nppmpnateit tu purpOKS of public 
utility. " — IjOPd --///Aor/F aeemed the -jim. 

fiOMdnrsolmion wliclly uncjillwl for, Kinco 
he issalfi^ of the Comtni^^ion of inquiry 
wna R dear proof of the intentions of 
Govenimcnt. A fier some lUscuuioiit 
the House raine to a division, when there 
ippcared, for th« rw^aliltioti, (Ml; agunst 
it, 300. The bill was then euuiraitted. 



t,.,«^l 



I 
I 



IlorSE OK 1-OftlM. 

Jh 'u I. Knrl O'nj entered into a long 
and eliibonitv KlHtetneuc of the rircum- 
stunrcff by which be felt himself juMjfied 
in moving for tbe revival uf ikc lAian 
DisTi-nSANCbs Siin'Rt:t<iiioN Art, Hav. 
iag stated tbe subscanre of the n'portK 
made to Govcntiuent trom the ditferenc 
dilitricu, and tbe opinion of the Imh 
((uvcrtiiiicot it>eU'it» to (he neeessity for 
[t'viviiig the tneuKure. his Lordtbip inii* 
mated to tlic Uodw, that tlie daua* 
which subjected tbc proolaiiued distrieta 
to tnarttaf htvr was nmitti»l in the lunv 
Bill, Hit Lord«bi[> then intrtxtueefl lh« 
Bill, nnd moved tkut it sboLld be read a 
flfitt time. — The Kurl ot H'kklow cX" 
pres><ed bin cuncurfenri*, and cuiupliBiciiI- 
I'd iJic niibU' ICniI ^u ihr eouuc be BmI 
Ukeii. The JiiU w«« lh^<tt read a 6ra 
time. 



In tbc lloi 
day, Lord .■*///. 
of the t'n-- I 
Mr. tU.i 
k-ngib, l>iv ' 
iu lour in.iiii I'll" 
altciklion in tbe Ia^ 
aUenliun in tfaij buiaiAij' Ian : 



I 
I 





1834-1 



Proceedingi in Parliament. 



"I'd? 



ing into unions tlie voriotu psrUhes 
throughout fhc coiintr)', with tlic v*lA- 
MiHhmrnt nf workhoiiHtfs; nnd, liintlT, the 
priiici(ilc. (hat, Bfterthe (st ot'Juni>. IS3.X 
no ablv-hodtL'd pprson should be en til led 
to relief unless in the workhoupp- He 
feared thnt the Intier provisuon u'otild lie 
prodttctivp of* thi- most ncrioiu <xjn<tc- 
•inencv^ throiiiiliout iliproimtry. In vrni- 
rlciieirin, tlit' Hon. Member moved that 
(he Bill be reiid a third time that day six 
luontlis. Sir//. iViilatighh;t,\\\ svi'uniling 
the amendment, took occ^ion to coa- 
demn tht ft-orkliou»r system, as inevitably 
1«idii»)c to the sprAid'of vicu iind immo- 
rality — Mr W. H'hitmorf supported thi* 
Bill, t» tendinf? to nenire the profiperity 
of the poor. The present Uws were 
radieatly vieioiis in their pritiei[jle- — Mr. 
UfTicU rcsisied the third reading iif the 
Bill, expte«iiin)f hUn»>clf an Admirer of (bt! 
uieirnt punr'Litws of Klizabelh. The 
|M>or.lB\v». a« ori^nally established, were 
an honour to the country, and he re- 
gretled thm they were to be viriuiJly de- 
stroyed by tbitf Bill. Alter some fuitliLT 
itisciiHion, the House divided, when there 
appeared — for the third rmdinj*, IK7 -, fur 
loe amerKbnerJt. 50. Several nlterarions 
having been then mnrfe in the Bill, it whs 
rend 8 tbint time and passed. 



I 



Hr>cse or Lohor. 
Jnhj 'I. The Pooh Laws Amemd- 
Mi:kt Biu. was broiiifht up from the 
Commons, when Earl (irc>t moved that 
it be rend a firAi lime; and gave notiee 
Ibnt it wn» his intention to move the 
second reading or) the 7tb inst. — The 
Karl of Malmcibtiry protefitf^d a^nsc 
the meafiurp being burned thrciii^b Par- 
liament during the existing Sestion. — 
The MarqtiiH of ifalit'tury said that the 
Bill eontained upM-tiFd.t of 90 clauaesi 
many of them different from those con- 
tainer! in the Qriiariiii Bill, and be really 
thought that tbeir Lord^hipx would 
seareely have time to rend them nil beforu 
the day proposed for the «eeonit reading. 
He looked upon the Bill as n measure 
for takinf* the adminixtration of the poor 
law* out of the hands of the (latural 
giMnliiujK and Iricndu of the poor, and 
trun«fertiiii; it tu a Inwrd of rom^ 
nii(-hioiierv,.^Ixirdrrf/«/"itf,J recommended 
tbnt the Bill Klioidd be postponed to the 
next Sesdion After some further con- 
versation, the Bill wn.s read u fim time ; 
tu be read a ceeond time on (be 8th in»l. 




In the Hor!tF. or Co^lvons, the mme 
day, l^rd J. ffnsteli moved the further 
voiMidention of rlie report of the Gt:- 
XKaAL Krci9T»ATiov biix. — The .-it. 
•ttmcff'irtncrat eud tbnt a rrgbtmtion of 



births of DinseifleN "wag SifrcwtsiiiT even 
to Protestants, and to all persons n Iio bad 
or niiRht be !et't property. lu the eoimie 
of hi-i pmctice he had seen in courts of 
law forL'eries and many other ejrpcdientji 
n-Mirted to to obtain [iropcny, atl of M 
which wouid have l>eeii prevented, if f 
there luid existed whnt this Bill con- 
leinnlHted, tminely, ii full rwiatry of 
births marriaires, and denths. — Oncuuse 
14, rcspectiiij; cbe reirfstry of births, 
deaths, and utarria^'s, belli);; rend, Dr. 
/.uthiu/fton laid that be thmi|^ht a small 
fine would be ii most desirable Hubrtitulc 
for the proposed pimishmetit for conceal- 
menl of birthn. — After some wrbal 
amendments and slight attemtioms the 
other cbiiKcs of the Bill were then 
agreed to. 

The House havlni? rcnolved itiiclf Into 
Committee on ibe C'cstomb* Acts, Mr. 
/'. Tkirmpton mid that it wan mih the 
greatest pleasure be Informed the Com- 
mittee that he wM able to propose a re- ■ 
duction of the duty on currants, olive, m 
coeo«.tmr, and palm- oil, to the amount of ■ 
one ludf now paid. There were nonie 
more articles on which he intended to 
ftropose a reduction in tbe amount of M 
duty, namely plantains, lir]uenni, piekles, fl 
pimento, and malting, the produce of our 
West India (.'olonii's. The apparent sa- 
crifice fruni tiiL- reduirtion of the duty 
would be lijO,0(fCH. although from the in- 
ereiued consumption, he did not think 
that tbe lows would be «o great. He alm> 
intended lo do iiway with tbe duty on 
conltt. The duty on the importation of 
foreign bookfi, as irat present *tond, \ras 
5t. per cwr. and this he proposed reduc- _ 
iiig to S/. 10*. per ewt. — After a few ■ 
words from Mr. I/Ui, Mr. /fnfArrn, Mr. m 
Hume, and Mr. /V«jr, tbe Bevcral reso- 
Itition* were agreed to. 

Jultj 3. Mr. O'Cmne}! seeingtbc Riglit 
Hon. the Secretary for Irelund in his 
pliiee, wished To know from bJui wbctber 
the stntcmenl i-* trnt;, that the renewal of 
the Coercion Bill in Itfi present shape, Is 
called for by the Irf^b fiovenimcnl? — 
Mr. I.itttfloH replied, tliat tbe intro- 
duction of the Coercion Bill had the en- 
tire sanction of the Irish Government, 
and that it would certninty be InCroduccil 
by some Member of the Government. — 
Mr. O'Conneli said that the P.ight Hotu 
Gentleman had e5teee<lit^lT deceived him. 
— .Mr. titlteton Raid that he bad fl plain, 
unvarnished tale to TinfijJd, and the re- 
suit, aa far aa he was poiiecrned, miufat 
be, that be should be accused off^roas in- 
discreticMi. Under ilie seal and iiijuneiion 
of cite utmost sccrcev, be hnd conimo- 
nicnted to the lion, and Ijcamed Member 
lot Uubltn tl)c juteutiou of tUti G^vtuLt^.- 



19B 



Proceedings in Parliament. 



[Aug. 



I Met 



ment to rencv the Coercitm Act, but nitb 
tbt> nmitiBio'i of those cluui^s wbicb {iru. 
hibit«<] meetings. In courHCofafewduys, 
boircver> be bt-ard ninioiira, ubout the 
Houtw and ci«pwhcrp, wMrh niiidi> it ini- 
poMible for bim not to Mievo that the 
Hon. Hiid Learned Member hod divuleed 
to otberti biv (irivatc poniinunicution. lie 
bad been nniiimted by « duuMe deMru — 
fint, to di^cbarge a public duty in tlir 
Rltuation b« occupied ; and, Kccuiidly, uf 
kindiMM totrards the iloo. and Lt>ani<>d 
Alcnibcr. to prevent hi* prematurely dik- 
ing a course he niipht hnvK re«son to re- 
pent, and wbitb the Government mi^fbt 
re^p^t, on HtTL-ount of the injiiry it nced- 
lesidjr indicted upon bis enuntry. His 
hopes and wiabe.i were t'ruellv disap. 
pointed 1 and what bad paa^ed, nad rtni- 
vinccd hiin tbnt, on pubUc mAtters., ituiu 
unssre to communieute uicb the Hon, 
and Learned SIcmber, i-xcepting acroM 

this tabic Mr. O'fJonneU rt;pli(.-d that be 

bad eertainty published a U-tter, culling 
upon the eWton4 to support tbe rep<.-al 
candidate in the ecnmly of Wexford, and 
be grounded himself on the anuouticfd 
determination of Minist/TK to renew the 
i'oercion liill. One candidate lor Wex- 
ford wan a Whig, and be wax setting up a 
repeal Mctpbi'r; that vnm tbe »itaation 
tbcy were in when the Kigfat Hon. Grn> 
tleman sent for bim. The conversation 
between them be certainly never would 
have reprati'd, if the Ki^ht Hon. Se- 
crctarr bod not. by mi^ane of that con. 
venuition, tricked bim, and obtaiupd a 
decided advAJitiiffe fur tbe pnrty to which 
he belonged. Mr. iXt'oancU then niuvul 
that n copy of all the cwTespondcncp 
which bad pvsed betn-een the Lord Lieu* 
tenant ot Irebuid and His Majeslr'i Oo- 
vcmmcuu rvipecting tht* n-tiewal of tbe 
r«iTcion Uil!, be bud before that ilouse, 
but did not preta hia motion to a divudoii. 

HousB or Lords- 
Jtitif V EoH Oreff moved the second 
rending of the Lush Cociutiom Hill. — 
The Karl of Durham cxprevwd bis 
earnest di«»ent to the measure. — The 
Aorj/ r/uareUnr nupported it — Thp Duke 
of WtUinirUm itstcd ibac he was favour- 
able to tbe rcoevral of tbe An.— Tbe 
Earl of Limerick and Cari JUatgravt 
were oUo tn its favour. — LonI /^rnAam, 
in giving hia vote fur ibe Ilill, com- 

Slainttd m ibe conduct of a portion of his 
ilai«aty'a (rovernnient in twgariacing 
wiin the AifitKtnr. — Earl ftrey, in ex- 
planation, dim vowed the nefcoeiaticnf 
that had he«^ spoken of by ii Member of 
the AdminUtraiion in the I^wer Houfe«. 
laid tbu if be had not tictn Mr to 
prupow ihoa* dawc* iclaling to public 



meetincs be would noi have introduced 
Che Bill at all.— llie Earl of Wiekltm 
maintained that tbe unatatMnnniiUku coo- 
duct of a Right Hon. OcMlemun in the 
othtT Hou!ce, a Member of His M:ijfMy'» 
Government, could not be too airongly 
deprecared, and he sincerfly trusted that 
the tiniL'ly and nuuily dccUiniiion of tlic 
No'ilc Eurl would be •i^ccc«^ful in ooud- 
terueuiig iu .-fll-cls. Tbt iiiU waa tiMm 
rt'ud u tK><:ond time. 



1 



In the Commons, the same day, tb« 
lioiiNe resolved iuelf into a Commiitpe 
on the lAiaii (^iiuucu TFJfPOftAUrit;^' 
Bill. — Mr. LiitUion moved a re>>olurion 
to the eflVit tluil the ConmiiMioiierK cer- 
tify to the Treasury, on the Isf of No- 
vomber in each year> the aioouiit of 
detii'ieiicy anting out of tbe voluntary 
rent charges, trnd tJiiit any deficiency 
should be Jiiadi- moA out uf the (?oiiM>> 
lidutcd Fund oi the ('nitcd KiniHom, 
and that the; Krcteitia.<>tirJil Commis- 
sioncrK should mnkc good out of the 
perpetuity purchaite fund «o much of Ibe 
sums so advanced as shnll be required. — 
I'be t'hanctdor of the JCTihtifutr, in an- 
swer to iniuirifH, «aid (liat tbe Iny im- 
propriationti amounted to about 2(Ji(AKl/. 

a- year Mr. Sfanir^ declared tlvat be 

miuit oppose tbe resolution as the coiu- 
mencemcTit of a i^ystecii of plunder, and 
aa founded on a " &bop-tifling* Ky»trin. 
If iMlopled, it must destroy tbe Pro- 
testant Estabiinhnipnt in IreUuid. — Sir 
Jt. i'frf Htruiiglyrunilemnvd tlie wavering 
conduct of the Minittecft, declaring tbut 
it waa calcubited todentroy all omfideoce 
in the Go%-emmem and in i'aTlianient. 

Tbe Houfc diiidcd. tor the rt-so> 
lutios, 361; agaiu&tit, 71. 



Hoi'se or Commons. 
Julj/ 7. The OuuKtUor of Ou JSr- 
cfuqucr prcMnted papera relating to the 
atate of Ireland, and Diuved that ihey be 
printed. His Lordship i^tatud that hia 
right bun. friend, the Secretary for Iro- 
buid, was juttifietl in aKscrtiiv that Go- 
vernment tvaa oeetipied at the Qme in tbe 
eonnderattnn of the three firat ctausee of 
tbe Coercion Bill, and that be hoped tbey 
would have no reason to re.enart tbem ; 
but be luid no reason to *ny that Gorero. 
inrnt bod inade up their minds on tbe 
nioaoure. It waa alno bin duty to slate 
itiat, in consequence of what hoA naacdi 
bia right bon. friend had tendered ma ro- 
signation on Satuntay. — Mr, 0'(\mncU 
eODdemned Ibe conduct of tbe Govern- 
laeot towarda IreUnd ao tymnnical vmi 
oppreiaive, and movifd that the imi 
■nonid be refrrrrd loa vlert Co*ni 
After a stormy ditcuuion, a dlfi* 



IfiwcB, vbfit the nnmbon were, far the 
inindng of ibe papers, lo"; for it Com- 
piittei>, 73. 
'I'he Renu\uti(van in a Cummiuce for 
a grant out of the CrmMilidHled Fuiid to 
ihe Irish Church were carried, after m 
few brief rcoiorks from two or Ibree 
nembcfsbyamAJorityof 181 a^inst 106. 
Mr. fVard brought fonvard u inotioi) 
for carrying; into cttVct the re(>urtoftbe 
Coiiiii)itte4>, vvhicb rccoruRU'iided that a 
correct plan should be ailiipted for iiswr- 
tnininp the. Divihions of the Houhk. 
The Committee thought it b«sl thnt thii*u 
tnembeni who were presumed tu be the 
miiiority should go iutu the Icrhby, and 
then the names of tlio»e iit ibe ilouitf 
* faaving been tJiken duvra, tho iiaineH of 
the minority «bould Ik' collected and 
written down. — Mr. t/uraf thought the 
measure of grL>at importnn'ce IlKith tu 
eiembers and conttituenti.— Sir R. Peel 
tirag opposed to the plan. lie thought 
the members should be left to their o^-n 
coiifccieiK-es, and lo eiplain their votes 
(bemt«lve« in their ronKtitiients.<^31r. 
Gf*>te was BAtoninhcd ot the objection of 
the Uet speaker. — Mr. 4". Jtice did not 
coticttr in the plan altogether. After 
•otne further di^cuiBinn the liouso 
divided, fur the motion, 76; u^nirt 
it, 32, 

The Ci'sTTosiB' Bill and the iMpaiaoN. 
MyKT for l>£irr Bill were reud a Kcond 
lime. 

Hovtr. or Loans. 
Jntt/ 9. On the order of the day for 
rcceivinfc the Ihish Cokjicion Bili btinj; 
read, E^rl Gret/ rose for tho )>urpo<(e of 
offeriiur sii explanation reladve to the 
Ute Minii^teriul resi^urions. In rising to 
jiropuso to their Lord^-hips to Bf^ree to 
tbc report which had just \xen read, he 
no longer npueared before tlicm lis a 
Minister of ttie Crown, but ait an indi* 
vidual Member of Parliainent, deeply 
and ttnutely ioipressed (a<i he ever bad 
been) with a sen-^e of the neeewity of 
pasiiiiig thut Act, in order to invent the 
(tuvernmeiit, in whatever hands il rai^ht 
be ptaeed, with power which he believt-d 
to be neemitary for the mainlenftnce of 
good order and tranijuillily in Ireland. 
His Lordship then procee(li.-(l to aHfiign 
the reasons whieh had indiic^'t htm to 
refi^n, ohveni ng, that they hud bud their 
immediate origin in the adiitia of In-biid. 
CommutiicHtiuiKi relative to the views of 
AfiniKten had been made, without tbc 
aligbtest eoncurrenee on hit part, in a 
quvcer where «uch a ntep could nut have 
been mfety taken e%-cn in the cliphtest 

E articular — confideiitiid commnnicatiuns 
ad beun called for, luid disclosures re- 



Proceedioga lu Parlkmmi, 



I 



quired of what bad paued in those eom- 
municDtions between Ministers them- 
selves and perMini holding KulM>rdinate 
offices. Diltt-riaicew of 0]iiniun on the 
Mibject had aim ari.-ien in the Cabinet, 
These things, added to the comimmica. 
tions before alluded to, bad led the Noble 
Lord wbo conducted the affairs of Go- 
vernment ill the House of Commons, to 
leel that be could nut, with uitiHraction 
ta himself or the (iavt-nmient. any longer 
rontinuiB in the Hituatiun wbtcb he had 
hiiherto ocL'upied. On receiving his 
Noble Friend's resignation, be saw no 
alternative, but to tender his own to bis 
Majesty at the surae time. Those rc- 
kigiuilious had been accepted by hia 
Majia^ty, and be now stood there di*- 
chiuging the duties of office only till such 
time as his Muje.Kty could supply his 
place— The Uukeof H>//*w^/tw admitted 
ibat the Noble EnrI had explained with 
great clcamesi the cause of bis ovv-n re. 
s)|;nKtion; but tiaid that he bad not ex- 

Itkitif'd the cauM.- of the reaigmtion which 
lad led to hi^ o%vn. A fter talcing a re* 
viL'w of the acts of the Noble Earl's Ad- 
ministration, the Nohtc I'ukc concluded 
by discltiiuiiDg all pei-Mmal hostility, and 
declaring that he had never oppow-d the 
meupures of the Noble £url except with 
great pain to bim»e)f. — The /j/rd C/uh. 
cellar replied lo the \-ariouN Htalemrnts of 
the Noule Iluke, in the couree of which 
he regretted the renignations of Lord 
Alchorp and Karl tirey as wholly un- 
called-for. It bcdog his (Lord Bruugb> 
am's) resolution, at every sacrifice^ tcill 
to stand by bis kind and gracioui Mon- 
arch. His Lordship tlien passed a warm 
eulngium on the political charaeCer and 
pnvnte virtues of his noble friend; and 
concluded by ob*ervii*p, " it is my firm 
ctiiiviction, that for half a century there 
will have dawned no more gloomy day 
than iliul which first announi'es to the 
Britiih peopleihe rrtirementof my Noble 
Friend, — that he lia^ ceased to be their 
chief in all mea.<(iire8 of rational and just 
improvement — their moderator, when 
their zeal and uniformed opinions would 
lead them too far; and on all occwdonc 
their advocate and proterlor, and let me 
add as tndy the MinisCer after their OWD 
bean as be was certainly the »er\-uiit of 
the {king's graciuuH rboice." The quei* 
Lion that the report be agreed to waa then 
carried. 



In the Hot'SB op Cohmonh, the samo 
day, Ijord ^Itfiorp roM, and spoke as fol- 
lows: — I have to irespass on the atten- 
tion of the House while 1 make a state, 
iiiciil whieh 1 have rc^iuetite^l, tiiid hnv>: 
obtained his Mujeiitv'xv*^^^^^^^'^'^''^^'^^' 



200 



Proceedings in Parliament. 



munirafc to ttic ifoufie. Whvn (tie de- 
cition of tlie CubiiiL-t wuti licKt reumrvd 
M CO wLtrtbtT Ibe ('-oercioii Art (■liould 
be lenewtfd, I reluctantly concurred in the 
necfcaity fur it« reni-uiJ, uith the omis* 
fcioii on]yo{ tliedaiiHes rektinf; to Court! 
MartiaL Priv-)- and confidential oDiii< 
nuuicaUoiM* boni-rcr, from the Lord 
Lteuteiunt of lipUuid to imlu \dual Mrin> 
ben of tbe Goi'cnitnciit. Iiniiigbt the 
sul^ccC tgaio under tbe cutiMtlcration of 
(be Csbioi-t in the wcrk before )••(. It 
vrts at thin lime Ittat my Hiitht IJon, 
Friend, llie Si^crciary lor Irdniid, eug- 
pr*ted to iiK" the proprU-ty ol telli"B the 
iJiin. aiirt L<e«rDi-d Gtiitltmnii (Mr. 
O'L'unncIl^, lliat the Bill w&i> klill tiniivr 
L-onudiTuLiuiL I raw no liarin in rhiK; 
but I bec^d liitn to uw vxtrviui- cuutiun 
in his ci)niini|i)ira[ioii, and by no means 
to commit liiiii»plf. Ak Ibawuid, these 
roDUnuniriitioni* from tlic Jxird Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland brought the ^ubJcet 
again before cbc CjAbinci. From tbe na- 
titrc of lhcM> ronimuiiicalioiu i whh led 
to believe tbHt ibe £rtt lbr»e cUnxes of 
the Art, — thoM, I nu'an. which rpfw to 
ineetiiiKH in the parts of Ireland not pro- 
datineu'— wer« vol exwniiaUy aeccK&arT, 
aiid that tbey miKht be omitted froto tia 
new Bill wtitMUt emlanf;erinft llie peace 
of Ire-laud. Indcr tJiis impreu>iun. 1 
oluuctcd to tbe rL-nvual of thi-ac riaiuex. 
51^ Right Hon- Friendit, the Members 
for lavemew, ft>r Cambridfie, for Edln. 
burgh, and for C'ovrntry, «pxvd irith me 
in makinfc this cibjertion. I'tic Cabinet, 
however, decided againf^t ue, and we hud 
to consider uhetbci we wuuld acquiesce 
in thiK decision, or whether we would 
break up the (i orcruinunt. Wc decided 
tbat it was our duty to acquieticr. iJut 
when I hcunl the statement of my Higbt 
Hon. Friend, tbe SrcreLury for Ireland, 
and then for the fir^t time wm trtttdc 
aware of tbe nature and eitent of the 
commiuiicttioD wtucb be biul made to tbe 
Hod. and Learned Gentleoiaa, 1 thought 
it moat probable ibut iJie diiUcuUiea in 
which ] iifaould. be pbiced would prove to 
be ioaapervUe. Tbe debu« oo the mo- 
tion of tbe Hod, and Learned GcntJt- 
Dan ^proved to nie tbat tbry were mj, and 
oouMOced uic tbm 1 could no Iooki^ coo- 
duct tbe buainess of Government in Ibiif 
Hou*e with credit to myself, or with ad- 
vantage to tbe public 1 accordingly 
wrote tbat nifjbt Ui l..ord Grey, and n~ 
UnttUeA him to lender my rcnipniation to 
bif Majesty, which hia Ai^eaCv baa been 
graciouiiy pleased to accepL^Mr. JLiOit- 
Um Hid, thai no in^vidua) in tluit tiouae 
waa ever phucd in a mure paiafal uuia- 
(ion than that in which be ibrn found 
bim»cU. He bad uunimjtted tivo cnuu^ 
11 




Srtt, tbe error of hflving fonimnniLittiatt' 
with the Hon. and Learned Gonileman 
uppoMle, without the MRclioii uf the head 
4)f hin Majesty's Govemnient ; and b« 
hjid committed the further and create-r 
error in pUrinj^ronfidencein tinp u-bobad 
proved himself soiltdeservtnf; of it. He 
tujuld only L-xprcmi bis dosire — his moat 
enriiciil anxiety — that the llouw ndgbt 
iViel tliat in the counic which he had an- 
fortunately taken he bad been artuated by 
no other desire than to promote tbe pnut* 
of Irehind. — Mr. i/CanofU Kuid, his onlv 
moUvc for aetitif; in the mumin- whirh 
hod l>oen «o mucn censured, was an anxi- 
ous wihh to prescrrc bis counny from 
du'iger. — Mt. linme lamented the rerig* 
nnion at Lnrd Althori), and said tbat it 
waa Imposfulile anv Admin i*lfaUi>n ruald 
bo formed otherwise than on ifao«c> liberal 
principles which the Noble Lord oppoaito 
entertained. Tbe Houscthen arljoiiRied. 

Jmuc 10. Mr. Htrme asked leave to 
withdraw his niotioc for an Address lo 
bis MHjviity on the state of the nation, aa 
he uiiderKtixKl there would not be an ai- 
titr rbnngi- in the dibinet; and n-'feninp 
to the norici*<( which Hliiod on the bnokkj 
be sunrestcd ibe propriciy of puvtiKniinK 
thorn until there wus a rcBpot»«ible Ad- 
miui^ttulion. With those Tiews, be 
mnvi^ the ndjoumnii'nt of the Ilouae to 
Alittiday. — Mr. Ifarbarlou Bccoitd«d tfac 
motion' — Lurd Atthorp said, thai altbou^ 
he wiui no longer a n'Mp^juaibleadviwr of 
the Crown, he concidoced himself hound 
to conduct the ordinary business until bta 
succesjwr was appointed. After d few 
ivordfi from Air. B/trinff, Hit Edmard 
hnatckbhU, and Afr. GnUtan, tbe House 
agreed to tbe motion of ad^wimment. ^| 

Jultf li. I>ord Altharp rose for tb« ^| 
purpoM of moving an adjournment of tbe 
iJouae. He stated tbat Lord MtAtmmg 
bud received tbe eommandfi of bi< Ma* 
jesty to lay bi.Tore him a plan tor the 
Administntiun, and be hoped that ihic 
HuuHe would coritteni tu an adjoummtnt, 
to Thunday tbe 1 7th, by which time lb* 
state of tbi> Administmtion wouM be lud 
before the King. Adjournment waa ibcK 
agreed to. 

Jui'i 17. Lord -iUhorp atated tblU 
the AiiniftUrrial ananRcincnta bad been 
completed, tbe only additions to tbe 
cabinet being Lord Duncunnoii, who had 
accepted the office of one u( hik -MiijeAty*a 
SrcretorieJ of Stau, mid hir J. C Uiw> 
bovsr, wbo had acei-| ' ' <^ la 

the csbinet. ibc olli' lu. 

miitioaerof Woods a:.^ l ..:,:. '<•• 
roum of Lord PuoaaniHMi. And r 
aa bis (Lord Althorp'r) cxperinioa 
be had ooncunvd with tbat Nob 
on moat tuttjects. Jlia Majesty hi 



I 

I 
I 
I 



ilsil 



'Pneei 



Pariinmni, 



201 



picnsed to (frsirc Uic ratitinuanct! nf liis 
[Lunl AUIiorji'si sen-ices, anrt lie had 
coiUrcnU'd, thouf^h reliirtnntly, tn resume 
the duties of of&ix. Tbe Noble Ivord 
concluded by muvhift for u ncvi uiit fur 
tbc borutigb uf Nutting bmii, id tlie ruooi 
•of Lord Diinnuinoi^ i^illfd (o the IIoilw 
of Peer*. — Col. /,"i.a«i and Mr. 7bf«yw»» 
expressed their contidence in the new 
. arraogenicnts, — Sir. /i. /'t<l wished to 
Unm wbtitbei- tlie ChuR'b>ratc«, itisli 
TitbcH, and a. CtK-rcion ilill of rbc same 
OMfart! w tbe furtner, wero to bo pro- 
Mcdrd witb? — Lord .-tlthorp an«vcrcd 
Ihal tlic Irish Tithes' llill \nnild Iw pro- 
ceeded with in its pri'Hvnt fii;ii|!i.'; the 
In'jth Coerdou BUI would be introducetl 
with niudificatioiitt: tlie oilier (jucstion 
be wii> not pn'jiared tu answer. 

Aft^r emne further eonveiwUion, be- 
tween Lord PalmcrttOH, Sir it. J*f<l, Mr. 
ilaring', and Sir //■ i/ardinge^ tbe motioti 
was agreed to. 

Hoc8£ or Loans. 

JniH la Tbe Bill fur tbc abolition iu 
many imt«nce)> of Capital PuNisHXEhra 
was read a second tine. 

Lurd Wluu-ucliffc mored for a copy of 
Ibe curreiipundence between EaH Grey 
and the Lofd Licuten&nt of freland, re- 
lative to tbe Irtsh Coerciun Bill- i\\s 
LordKhip entured into the often- reitei-ated 
details of tbe c)iitw» wbidi baH led to the 
<le«truction of tbe Grey Ctibiiiet, and con- 
tended that the Hwuse and the country 
were ri^fat in calling foe some giiod jn^uund 
to juatily the itnpuituiit chunKcs wiiicii it 
was {impoM'd tu inuke ill tbe Bill.— Lord 
.VtsUonnw opposed llic uiotioHi otii tbe 
f^ound tbaf tbe rorri-Hpondcucc in ques- 
tion was not addreiined to Earl Grey Ih 
his public, but in his private raiaicity. — 
£arl Grfy, in reply, denied thut be bad 
hvsa betrayed by any one, nnd sdded, 
that be had not tbc slightest reason to 
complain of \\\ uu^i'. .411 that be bad 
said wat<, tbnt a coinmunication had been 
made of ivhieb be was not uppri»«d.— 
After a few words from Lord H'itkUm, 
the iMTtl Ciwit-ttlor, and tbe Uiike of 
/iuekiighatn, Lord WharncHJJ'c withdasv 
his motioii, and the House adjourned. 



\n tbe CoMMOXB, the Mine day, the 
new mode of taking tbe Diviriionti of tbe 
HouK wns, on tbe tnotion of Ivord £6- 
Hflfftm, ordi-ri'd tu be discontinued dur- 
ing tlie reinaiiider of the »e*sion. 

Lord .'tlthorp brought under the roii- 
nderstion of the Huuse tbc propriety of 
renowins tbe mtMlilied JluiBti CoEuttON 
Bill. His Lof<l»liip at ftome leiifitb fnve 
hia reasons for tlie exjiedieni-y of inodily- 
iuf ibe Bill Hct-ording tu exi^iinir ctrcum- 

Qny T. -Mac, Vot. II. 



slajiepH, and omitting ibe objei-tionuble 
clauses; and cuneludi'd by moving fur 
leave to brin^ in a Bill to coiilinue mid 
amend the Act for lite Rllppre«fiion of 
local di*airl»a»eti» in Ireland. Rlr. O'Cou- 
iiril stated tlmt he should support iho 
principle of the Bill. Tbe luoiioii uas 
ctirri«d on a division by u tuajurityof 07. 

The SAfiaATii.DAV Ouslhvance Bill 
fNo. '4) uiiti read u third lime, after a 
oivihiuu of o7 agaiiiat ^. On tbe motioii 
of Mr. Cayley, a clauHC nas, oftcr con- 
siderable opposition, added, legatiun^ all 
gKiiif.4 of exerei-ie in the open air, not 
played durioR the hours of I>iviae »«rviee, 
or for money, or on tbe preiiiiiw* of 
public-buiiseA or hver-ftbop«. After a 
ftoud deal ui diM-ussiuii, tbe mcnstire was 
finally Ion on the motion that tbe Bill 
do pass— tbc iiumbera beiiig_Ayea, ^1 ; 
Noes, 35. 



ilousK or Loiius, 
Julit2\. Tbe lA>rd Cfiaiicflltn- movtid 
ibe second reading of the Poor Laum' 
AMKNiuifeNT Bill, bikI entered intoalon^ 
and luminous statement, in nuiiport uf 
the proposed meusure; an amendment 
was proposed by Lord ft'ynj'orti. for its 
postponement tu that day »ix months; 
out the second readin;; mk^ eventually 
curried on a divi»iioii ; tbe iiumbem bcillf 
— for tbe original molioik, 76; for the 
amendment, 13. 



In tbe HoueE or Commons, tbe same 
day, Lotd .4/iftorp moved tbe second 
reading of the Ioibh Cgercios Bill.— 
Air. /'. Scrape Kpoke fetroii^ly oKiiiiiHt it, 
and urced tbc nccesmty of Poor Law> for 
Ireland, He contended that the nrewnt 
nystcm of outrage would never be put 
down ontil more jutt Liws were intro- 
duced into Ireland; ull eventi luid proved 
the truth of this opinion, and bo ibere- 
ftrre Mrondy ur^fd on the House and the 
Government, the propriety of pirinHring 
for those corriTt laus which must be 
enacted before there could be tnurjuillity 
tn llut country. He moved as na amcnd> 
mcnt a resolution to the efiect thiit it 
was necesaary to the traiic]uillily of tre- 
iatid that ablc-bodipd Liboiircni ot thut 
country should be asiured t,i being able 
to gain »<ubiiU>ieDcc by peaceable uud 
bun*<st labour ; and that tbc Hou»e do 
pledge itself to rmume the siibjeri nt the 
earliest possible period. Such a pledge 
would tranquilliso Ireland more tbiiui 
Coercion BiJls. — Mr. /*. O'CvRitor se- 
conded tliifi amendment. After on ex- 
tended discussion, the amendiocnt \vaa 
negatived : and iW second reading of tbe 
Bill was carried on a division by 14^ 
10 «A. 

ID 




203 



Foreign Neus. 



[Aug. 



Mr. Laboitehert mored, in a Committee 
o( Supply, the grunt ol (JC.OOOl. tovtuible 
his Majesty to make gntuities to ikv 
elltcvDi »nd mr it enpngnd in the b«ittl« of 
Namino, to be dUtributpd u hh MnjcKtjr 



fcbalt direct.— Mr. SAtU moved aa An 
amundment, that the dUiribution be mc- 
cording lu recent reffulntiotis re«p«^p^ 
prize money. For Uie umuruluciit, 35; 
againtt, 1^. — Ori(;tniil motion agrenio. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



ritASCE. 
Tlie Kmich iniiii«ters have been Ng- 
nwlly siicrcsflfiil itt tlu-ir clectiuria; tbcir 
■uiti4(onist«i, ufwhalcverdri^'e uf politics, 
beioff almuKt everywhere defeated. Jn 
tbg Paris clcctioiif^ twelve of the four- 
teen armnditisemcnts have returned mi- 
nittterial men, and in the other two the 
election was postponed. Wi: ieam from 
oiber sources, however, that MM. Odil- 
tun Biirmt, Lulitte, Itereiiii^'r, lUid Kitz- 
jiitnes, liiid been n'tnrncd at Clinunny, - 
Evreux, and Mnrseilles. The mintstcra 
n-ill hsve ft great majority in the next 
Clmmbcr, 

A report, addressed by the Minicter 
of Commerce to the King, relates to the 
abolition of the prohibition of certain 
pntducu of AfifL, Africa, und Ammcts 
coaiitg from Enrli^h purt», which is 
followed by a royal ordonnanre, Banrtiim- 
Ing the views of the minister. Thin 
oHonnance autbonaes the Iroportntion for 
home lite, no matter from what ports 
I hey may come, of ravr silk, undressed 
India !.)!k liandki^rcliicla (Joufardi), ruoi. 
iirnick, nitufia, and also of Cacbeioire 
nhawla coming from rouutries out of 
Europe, lliia report is followed by a 
third, from the ume miniMer to the 
King, on • proposed ordonnanre autho- 
riiint; a diminution in the duties upon 
various artidcs. 

Jvnc M. 'riu» afternoon, one of those 
btglily iniereixtiit); plienrNiicna, called the 
Mlrarn, cxtcndrd along the n hole line of 
the French cfM't. "I'lie three highest 
tovrera in CalaiR, which arc generally 
»ecn Acarcely above the bori/tm, seemed 
mueb elevated; whilvt a pcrfcet but in- 
verted represenution appeared over them. 
The adjoining liilU, and more diittaiit 
eliffii, were alKn retlei-ted mlh the utnwst 
emetncw; and lev'erulshiptipiwsinK down 
lAanncl, wboae masts wen.- liardly per- 
ceptible, bad inverted over them the 
wbole Teaad down to the very hull. 

SI-.* IS'. 

The Spairinh goveniment hare Issued 
M dct-rer for the regulation of the presa of 
dukt coiuitjy. Henevforth no peraun is 
lo be (MTinitted to ptiMinh a nrwRpapi'r 
in Spam wilhunt an exprcai royul lirensc 
through the ministry, and any |>rfSDn vrbo 
WMf lie allowed the privilrae must dc- 
|KMii a 9«im of money iit ibc liands of 



government, which i« 10 be liable fior the 
fines that may be incurred. The joumaU 
are tu rcmiiin Buhjccl lu a rensuncbip. 
The booVfellcr or jirititt-r who seDft eopte* 
of prohibited niiinl'jerN, tu to pay MHt time4 
the amount of tbe price for ctu-h copy 
cold. 

The almost ronantief but sooeeacful 
enterprise of Don CialoA into Spain. ha« 
astonished the |)olitical world. He left 
Rutland ()nile iiiinuliced, htti rmttc beinjt 
eiitiivly iiiiknimii to anv hul lhu<w in hJH 
immediate smite, pnft^e^ through P«ri% it 
is !>aid in disuse* on tbe kh July, 
arrived at Bordeaux on the titb, left that 
city on the 7th, and reached Bayonne cm 
the Hth, from whence, on the Otb, he 
crossed the Freneb frontiers, and fepeedily 
nn-ived »alV at Klliiiondo, (the icnt of the 
Junta of NnvsTrei, where he arrived in 
the coiirae of eleven honrf>, having tnads 
the journey on horseback, witboui stop- 

Eing fur a moment. In order to disguise 
intself, he bad d>x'd hiit hair. He wna 
received wiUi open arms by a body of hia 
partisans ; and, from the ttreiigth of the 
Carlixtfl in the North of S|Hun, and tbe 
terror created by the ravagen of dw eholeis 
in the South, thin unexpected event baa 
spread oonfitcmation among the Govern- 
ment and adbcn-nts of the (juecn. 

PORTfOAI,. 

AccouniK frtim Lisbon stnle, that ar- 
r»nKe>nt-'i>t» hiul been made for pajinu; ufT 
the Ilritiiih-PurtiigueKe InanR; the duty 
on the exportation of Madeint ninon from 
that island hud been lowered; und the 
Government hod octuallv agreed to the 
admission of bonds of tJw foreign loana 
ut par, in payment of national, cbureh, 
eneomietida, and convent propertiea. The 
Governor of Madi-ira, till lately a violent 
Miguelite, has declared, will) the gUfi- 
Kon, in fu\-our of the Queen: and a de- 
cree htu> been issued at Lisbon, lowcnng 
tbe export duty on Modeim wine. 

laUNUf. have been allotted to the 
Qtieen of Portugal's fleet, tm the value of 
tbe Miguelite i^bips captured in tbe gal< 
Unt action of the 5th of Jnly, In33; of] 
which the admini] receives one.cijehlh» 
equal to Hi,tll)(M. ; raptainx nnd rninman..'! 
den SOuU^ each J lieutenants HHV.; sur- 
geons, Kic, ^KV- i midshipmen, ik<\ :tM. : 
sailors, SOD/. 



I 




153-1.] 



Foreign Nevos. — Domestic Occvrrettccs. 



203 



BVSeiA AND TVaiCEV. 

The news from Constandnoplc is of k 
ntber wariike upect. A cansidenible 
noaBWD n&val force wu iti the ^t-atf re of 
the BoBphonis, and the fleers of l-'ranre 
aod England were conccrtrated in the 
ijevant. The arsvnuls, the dock oiid ship 
jnrds, mitd al] the ^-a^t mag&zincs and «tore- 
hoiifti>si of the TiirkUh sbon^, arc all now 
ill tbif puwpr tjf ihtt EnijK>ror Nii-holak. 
Hifi ngenu fell Turkish timbt^r to build 
Rusrian cesnelst raise coiijwr, unroll sailors 
and hay up prorisions from th? extremi* 
ties of the cnijiire to the entry of itie 
Butiiihorusi. Besides vessels of tJic line 
and fri^tc!!, ull rLj^iired, ormvd, and at 
fceii, 1* gry-al ijuuutily of smaller vessels 
are t-verj-where prtfjjariiig; and Kaitun 
arrive in large num1)ors from the Bultic. 
The Turkish fleet ha-t been strengthened 
Biid monited by Ktis»iau Miilors and ofti- 
cer», ibe DsnJmicltt's udditiuiiidly furti^ 
ficd, and Mveml of tlie cu>l1c» put into a 
stale of defence on the Uiu) ttide. JJaller^- 
upon battery i> cuii$<tnirted, und the works 
are (futng oo wifli inc-reused uclivily. The 
two 8ide« of the piutsnge uf the i>arda- 
ncUes arc defended by at les^t t>00 piecea 
of cannon and eiplity raortarp; regular 
communicadons arc cfitablishcd b«tM-ei'ii 
tlMt forta ; the garrisonB are offieervd by 
Rtuaiiaru^ who arc numeruuR, and pxer- 
ctKi every day; and the inttcnes of Kuin 
Kalen are most formidable. Tlic Gulf 
of Faros 16 likewise being fortified. The 
Ottoman army cantODcd at Siv££ already 
<ommunietttc»t with the road» of the 
Kuxine, which are delivered uver to thu 
KusHiaiia. Jn all Ihe huullierly provinces 
of Ru^Hia, the miliuiry |irei»Lrutiurtfi arc 
on an equal M-ale uf inucnittide \ncb the 
iiAval armament!* in ttic Russian ports. 

NoaTa AUCAICA. 

A iwtrificd Indian cbild baa latdr been 
found by Mime ttoiio quarricrs at (*aem> 
say, in Ohio. Tlii<t excmordimiry t^peei- 
KCTi waa found emlM'dded in a Mihd ixitv-s 
of rock, and in deNeribud a& having the 
appeannce of a stone imi^, oomewhat 
imperfect, a very lair outline of a voung 
ludian, done in limestone. A Muall luw 
of beads won found irt the »imc oi^ity. 

The editor of the PiUtiiurg Mannfttc- 
iurtfy in his b-taliiitiail remarks, atiOea 



that " the Mississippi VaJlpy, whie4i but 
a few years aiDCC was a bowling wilder- 
ness, inhabited onEy by sav-ages and bcaala 
of prey, now cootaiu!. nearly 5,000,000 of 
cinlined inhabituntA, abuut 2,000,000 more 
than the whole ])opulfttionof the Uaitcd 
Sliitcs, at the memorable era of our 
national independence," 

fiOVTH AME&ICA. 

Aceonnu from Sonth America give 
some dctatU of a violent earthquake at 
Sunnipo. The ton'n had been built on 
a bidden volcano, wbich on the ^tb of 
Junimry, ut elRht u'cluek in the morninft, 
when the lirht xbock of the earthquake 
took placi^ biirfit. The curth ubouk viu- 
leiitly, and u si>aco of bind, altont thrco 
Ipu^ieJt Long and two broad. Gunk, with 
the forest that ravered it, and it« «iiper. 
tides prei;ented the aspoet of a •la^'annah, 
eovertd with atones and »ind. Although 
the trees of the forest WL-re fenerations 
old, nut a root remained, nor a leaf to 
show where they rtood. l>uring twenty- 
four honrs the earth i>hook without i-eos- 
ing, and (be entire town and its cns-irnns 
wtre reduced to one heap of ruins. The 
cottages of the iieoi^untii were swatloweii 
up by the ojwninjr eboiimi), which yawned 
Ht ever}' jxiint. The wave-i, wbieh Ihe 
earth formed, rollL-d, in every acnae yf the 
word, like thof*e of the t>ea when airitAted 
b)' a tempCAl, and rose to a great ncigbt. 
eighty persons nt Suntiugo were »wa]> 
lowed up, and the renioiiider only escaped 
by flying to a neighbouring bill. 

BOUTlt AUBTaALrA. 

The British Gnrernmcnt has reisotvcd 
to form a new xettleinent on the Koiilheni 
coast of Australia, near Speueer'^ liuU, 
which contains » barbouri named Port 
Xiincoln, of sufficient capacity to contain 
in its three covet all the navy of England. 
<'aptain Stuart, of the 3tHh regiment, 
report* that 5,<X)l\000 acres of the riebest 
l.iiid he L-vei: Miw upiiroximute*^ on bt. 
V'incent'H fiutf, and abiitH oti the JVIunay 
River, wliicb is navigiible for large eralt 
for 1,000 miles in an eiu>terly direction ; 
Kangaroo Ii^land lie^i off the entrojice of 
tbefte two gulfs, and abounds in salt, fish, 
seats, kangaroos, and bos a good noil. 
The wltoie hes in latitude from A\ to 
36 S.,aod in longitude E. ftaml3(>tol4U. 



DOMESTIC OCCUUKENCES. 



I lltCLAND. 

The Lord Primate of Ireland, Lord J. 
Seresfurd, Arehbieliop of Antuigh, has 
ftubscribud MXK)/. tu tlie restoration of 



the ancient Cathedral uf Armagh. The 
^-astsuperstniclure of the tower, weighinf; 
■WOO tons, is to be supported during the 
relaying of tlu: foundation of the ^wt*^ 




?04 



Dvmestic Occurrences. 



[Aiigr- 



witbout removing t siogle stone from tbe 
upper part of inii* immoiiHti ioh«t, liy 
iniwiFoOonie verr tuiti^mouti taccbaruni, 
Air. Cottingltiim niu been appointed er> 
cbittict 

June i-y. One of Uic raott sinpainarj- 

frit-ii'>n %)iu (bia ever diegracp^l ibis un- 

lupitv t'Oiintry, took plucc at tbc ntcei of 

Jlnllyhi'tigh, 13 mile* fnim Tnilff, eu. 

Kerrv. Uclrt'pcn ttt-o rUnH, the Coolfona 

Miul tw Ijiivlors, wbn havo bccTi nt frud 

abovebttlfaronturv. Aclcu»t JUUO mrn 

were cnftaged. Titc vcrj- women were 

pccupifd t-ti)iplying their fiiencU on bulb 

nidcH witb stooes. ubicb tbcy carried in 

thtfir Rjiroiis! Tbe bultlv sprLitd over 

MUch an extent of ^nund, tbat iieitber 

the soidien nor police could put^iUly in- 

loriere etfcctualtv to »epariiie ibf |>iir[ics. 

At k-TiKtb ibf Coolecii? rttrpntt-d to tbe 

tiviT's brink, where inany were driven in, 

snd dron-nod. Hcvcrul utti'iiijited to us- 

cnpc by Rwimming, but were still bar- 

harourijr pelted by the* victorious l^wlors. 

It wan Full tide, and two sand boats on 

the !^bore «vre ntloat, into whicb num* 

bent of tbe defeated pnity erowdrd. and 

piif^bod oiT acrOM the ferry, bnt liein^ 

overladen ihey sunk, and all on buord 

pmsbrd. Some uf tbe iiarties were sub- 

>ef]iicntly armted; and tbree men of tEie 

faction uf the J^awlant, rliurKed with a 

participation in the riola, were, wbile 

being conveyed a« prinoner* to Tnde« 

gaol, bniLally murdered by a party of the 

IHTELUCEycE TRfJH VARIODS l>AltT* Of 
TDK COUNTRY. 

NtKc Oulfalt H'orkt. — TbciW CTMt 
vrorliM f'.'nu one of the mo«il imponant 
VfalerlnkiiigH mmnleted in ihiii kitifrduin 
for nui'-y jTant. I'lie Nene Outlall in u 
new tid^l clmnnel for (be diftvhiurge o( tbe 
waten of the river Nene into tlie nea, 
wLieb eominence« about six miles below 
Wiftbecb. and extends to Cnib-bole, a 
diBtsnce of «ix :iulea and a half, from 
trhich point tbe ri^vr bas abnped for itM-lf 
a nilnrul ehannel. a mile ana n half lon^. 
into the l'^)c, an inlet of tbe (JrtuMn 
Ore .in. 'J'hc excavation, so far aa it wai 
ficrfofmed by muJiual labour, waa com- 
f>lclnl in June, lt<10, when ibe old chan. 
iifl w«» rluKvd, and Iba bed uf the new 
riv«-r wut dreprned n» much as 10 ur \2 
frit by the lorco of (Ur currcni. Tbe 
width «f tbr ri^'et at the bottom varies 
fnicr 1 U> to ^00 feet i tbe depth i« about 
M feet frum the ftu<'liicc of tbe adjacent 
land. ']'!'!' «|>rin}r tide* rise 92 feet at the 
knrrr. and h* tcet at the upper cm). 'I'be 
mulu ot ibi* uork ore m foltov: — A 
bfidftv ba<» been thrown acnnw tbr new 




channel, and on cmborltnient, a mile and 
three •<|uartchi lon^.haH been m«deacTO«4 
the efituan-. fortnmg n new line of road 
botWMn n'ortVilk and LineolnNfairc, in 
lieuuf tbeanrienedangeroiiE ford. Nearly 
1,A(M) acn-ft of monb tui>-c been already 
embnnked, and arc nearly all in rultiva- 
tion, and ulraut G,000 acreft more are 
rapiilEy bccunilit^ fit far indmure. In 
lieu of the old, tediou^ and danircTou* 
nsnpation. which was only cajKible of 
affording passage to vossels drawing ua 
feet water, at a spring tide, aotl with a 
juvourable wind, tlierc is now a safe and 
daily communication between Wisbeeb 
Bnd the sea for «ueb vesBels at all periods 
of the tides, and at spring tides for vvMel* 
of mueb liu^er construction. The valoe 
and Kwurity O'f lands, even beyond Pel*r. 
borough, is px-ally int-reascd; the vratrr 
ill the new channel ebbs out nearlv ten 
feci lower than in tbe old one immHiaielv 
oppooile tbe South Holland end Nortb 
Level Sluice*, which are tbe outlets for 
the wat«n( of about lOO^OOOacree uf land, 
thereby affording tbe means of n perfeit 
naliiral drainnfte for tbe whole tract be- 
tween tbe Nenu and tbe Welland, of 
which the Nonb Level bus already availed 
itKelf by a new imiin drain eight feet lower 
than tbe old one, and »x timca ai great in 
capacity, with branches of commenturmte 
buperiority, Tbe cost of the Ncne Out- 
fall bu bycn about S(X1 00(i/ . and tbat 
of tbe North Level l)rainape about 
I50.0U0^ Tic Uuke of Bedford has 
been the great patron and promotpr of 
both tbe undei-takiiifrs. Tbe promotera 
lately met to present a niece of plate to 
Tycno Winjj. esq. iot hw services in the 
supeiiiitciidt'Dce of thi- workA. 

Tile Falmtiuih Packel docribea a cu- 
lious r«?erii discovered at Wheal Pm- 
denre luiitv, Si. AgneH' pariah. So com- 
plete was the state of the intenml breach, 
tbat had there not subsequently been dis- 
covered a variety of eunie pillan> of oxide 
of iron, varying from t\x to eighteen 
inches in bei)>ht (caused by dropping of 
water from the roof; it would moat eo- 
tninly have Iteen eonjeclurvd tbat tbe 
barrier brtwpen the cavern and the ses 
liad not been long formed: these cun«, 
however, together with the bard irony 
inenistatiotis of 9onie |«(irti< n'nr portfuns 
of the siiid, ptit it bryond (^duIi! that ibe 
pre^^ent ob-'tnirtion to tbe sen'ii eiitnuicc 
havesiotrd for manv a year. An inner 
cavi'ni, VtKI feet loitg. 70 high. aP^ *^ 
wide (at the Rr^'ute*!) waa dW>' 
The only ob)c<-t brought awaj ( 
skeleton of a fuh 

A perteel pelrifai'tion nf i 
ha» been funiid bv two men 
giiig fin- jet in tlir rock imt- 



I 



I 



I 



i 



1^340 



Domestic Occvrrfuces. 



205 



m 

rat 

i 



ȣ 
i««, 




its sixe i« ibont that of tlie 1^ of s man 
of middle staturr> ond il.s ultapc is vurjr 
iM;rfect and n*^*^ nitL tliv exception of 
being a litUc EwoUcn ut the uncle and 
liefl; but on tliti vvbule it is ft good 
specimen, and Irarnn no doubt on th« 
minds of thotic wlio bovc examined it, of 
its lulling been nt some lime the leg of r 
human boin^. 

June 'id. Admiral Nnpifft and family 
nrrivi'd at /'ttritmvnlh in tbi' limi^iiiiui, a 
fine frigalt', which he fiipturcd from 
Migiit*!. On the Bntgiinm anchurinii ut 
Spitbead, ihc Briiiati uiiai^ni was rita up 
to the fore, and n salute firi-d, which na* 
returned by our Port AdmiruJ from the 
Victory. Nnpier im^vi-d up the Hi{i;h> 
street to the (.iconic HoIlm, amidnt the 
rhveni of the populare ; and the diflremit 
military guards turned out and presented 
omu u he iiasscd their respective »tii- 
tioiis. Admiral Napier left Li«bon to 
iroeced lu ]tre»l, to receive I'roin the 
■Vencb (iovuniment the l*or1ii[;ui,^M;me[i- 
_ J-vmr which were taken fmm Don lli- 
' juci some yearit af^o, nnd curriid into that 
portt and whirh liave been offered to be 
restored. His motive for putting into 
itbettd tvBS simply to see some of liis 
fd friendft, and his son, a Lieutenant of 

North Star." 
June 2B. Thiit morning an a1ann)ri|j; 
fire broke out at Mef>srs. Birch nnd Lea's 
cotton-mill, about a mile from Oidham. 
An individual who \va» aclivt-ly engaged 
in stuying the piof^rvSM of the flnmcS] w&s 
pUcea in buch iiuinineiit duugcr, that 
eral pertiuiiH venturud to the mjoC with 
I view >o extriL-Hte him from his peri- 
lona situntion, althoug^h, as it Kei'mn, with 
danger to thcm-ielves. A wall, ut this 
cntical juncture, unexpectedly felh Bid 
buried a great number of pcnonK in the 
niina. Numbers of bodies have since 
;en iiiilled out of thi; ruinit, some of 
lem nnrribly mutilated. Some idea of 
le nwgnitude of the ronHagration will be 
irmed, when it is slated that tho build- 
in« WHS six stories in height, thirty-six 
yardb lort^, and sixteen yards wide. The 
value of the maehiricr)' upon the premises 
it eitimiited at about 10,(XM>/.; other 
property, cnnslctitig of mw cotton unr) 
twist, ut from lOOlV. to 2IMX>f. ; nnd nearly 
•I'M) persons are thrown out of employ in 
consequence. 

JhIj/ 12. This moniing, (he inhabi- 
t«Dl9 of liipdn «'ere ulamicil by a tre- 
mendous explosion wbtch shook tlie whole 
llvighbonrhood. Otia^icerliiiiiitigthe t:ause 
it was fiiund to hove been on^asionL-d by 
A coiivtiUion of nature in a lield about a 
mile from the lovn. The earth bad 
ftbuok (o sacb a degree as to Iciive a lis* 



k 



mre neurly twenty yiirJfl in ivldlh ; and, 
on plumbing the depth, it wa^ found to 
be iwcniy-four ynrdx. 

Jul;/ lii. Tbe ancii^t mansion of the 
Earl of llipon, at .Wx-lon, near Lineoln^ 
«ji» totally destni^-ed by fire. Notwitli> 
standing the active mtfistaiK-e rendered 
almofct immediately on ibc diteovery of 1 
tbc fire, only the library, a qiumiity of 
wine^ some old pictureii, and tunilturp, 
were saved. There is nothing left but 
ttie naked and totlenng walU.~ 

To the credit of islam/en! and its 
neit;Iil>oarbood, a subscription for rebuild- 
ing St. MicbAcl's I hurrh amounts tO' -i 
witliin a few pounds of :^K)j: ; UM)/. wii» > 
subaL'rilK'd fconi a bazaar for the benefit 
of Hit I[ir;int Sirhool, under the patronage 
of the MurcliioiHibS of Exeter, which 
raised 5aiH. 



LONDON AND rTS vntNITV. 

The following is an abstract of (he net 
pi-oduce of the revenue, in the yeara 
L-nded on the i>th July, 1833 and 1831.— 



1833. 

Customs ^£15,663,687 

Excise )«,430,B36 

Stomps 6,473,635 

Post Office l,3IK,r)00 

Taxes i,99\,mo 

MisceUaueouK ... m.»i\ 



Years ended Joly 5, 



IK3i. 
15,5*7,210 

U,7»2,K78 
0,6a4,(i0« 

l.:tfi7,ow 

4,Wi9.6ia 



Renavment!! of 
Advances for 
Public Wurbi 



43.002,1 9» -^.219.' 



27{>,476 ■1?3,410 




-Wi,«il.668 4^671.90* 



Increase on the Year. .. 35*0.3.36 



The Committee of the IIoum- nf l,cird§ 
on the County Rates, Iiavc rejHincd thnt 
tlie amount of' the <.'.<juiity Kate* in Kng. 
land nnd Wales has rinen from :jii:i,'Jin/. 
in the year I7OT, to 774,«a3/. in the year 
IK^ being nil iiu'rease of 155 |ier cent. 
The expenditure for prosccutiona haft' 
inrreased, in the forty veunt, from m,34Jt. 
to I jO,.^fi5i., or 338 per cent. *l"he Com- 
mittee observe chat ihcexijenses of Assize 
prosecutions (where the miigistmles have 
no control) arc generally threefold as 
great iL> thti»e ot the Sosaions; and tliey 
recommend that the cost* of uasize prf>stf- 
culiuiix sKuuld be borne liy the general 
reveiMies of the state, under sueli n^ahi- 
tionit RH may prevent nnnccessary expen- 
diture. 



I 



206 



Domestic Occurrences. — Theatrical RegisU 



The Muftioil Ki-stivnl ul Wemninsier 
Abbey \YW» trontinueil for (bitr Per- 
formances (each jireceded by & public 
rfhecnal] with the »iine BrrarH?cmeftU 
which were noticed in our lust Number. 
Tbcir Majesticii «t(catlc(l eacb pert'onn- 
oncc, and tfae tMt« were complctclvoccu. 

}»icd on every day. The Keooiin Per- 
brniBncL' i-onHiRtea of Haiidd'a Oralorio 
of Israel in Eg>'pt, and a Scleetion ; the 
tbinl. of all (>xifiibiYc Si'lcctiun ; and tbc 
fdijrtb, of Hondel'f) Onitorio uf ibo 
Messiah, enlire. The total >et jirotitB 
amaunud to 7,(i(>U/., wbich aurii bfts 
been divided between tbu Royal Suciety 
of Musleiaiia, the New MuBtcal Kiiiid, 
the Royal Academy uf Miudc. and the 
Ohomi Fund. 

June 7. The firs.t itone of the /.omdo/i 
.4tm*liOHt(i \vtiA laid by Lord John Russell 
at Park.hil), Brixton. He wil« occom. 
janitrd by Mr. tirote and ^Mr. Crawford, 
tbc Metnbera fur (be City ; and tbe must 
distinguished rcformcn of tbc Corpora, 
tion. Upon the silvcf trowel mtui rhc 
ibllowin^ iiumptioH; — " Presented to 
the Right Hon. Lord John Ktiuell, 
M.P f on hi» lityinf; tho fiD't Munc of the 
Ijondon Alm&huuKeH in lien of an iilunii. 
uation to commemomte Hcform in Pur- 
liatncnt, on Saturday tlte Ttb day of 
June 1834, bein^ tbc second annivcrbory 
oTtbo pasutific i^ the Hcform Hill, and in 
the fourtb year of the ruii;n of Hi> 

M«eaty King APillinm IV William 

Jenlcina, architect ; Gvorge Ledger, Se- 
cretary." 

July a. The (jueL-n embarked at Wool- 
wich fur Saxe Metiiengen, on a vivit to 
her mother. Sbe was attended as far ua 
Snullx-nd by ihfi Lord Mavor and the 
drflerciil cuni]iuiiir)k in their Daren. She 
proceeded by Kotterdam throu^ Nime. 
guen, where she arrired on the mh. 

Jnly 7. The parties cbiirfn>d with the 
exti-aordinary outrage on Mr. Gee (see 
vol. I. p. (U6J were acquitted, all the 
counts of tbc indicUuent beiof; Imd in Uw. 
Tbey were bailed, and ore li> be profte- 
ctited for the assaulL 

JW/,v 'J. At the )e\Te bild by Hi< Ma- 

jetty (bit day, an unprercr1eiit(*d luimbrr 

of addrcuea and pcdtioiis, nrontcly cx- 

imMfvo of gimtitude for Hii Majesty's 

newtt gradoua dBdatBtiuii in favour of 

the Cbtvcti* were pmtmted to the King. 

Jtiljf lOi' Anectntgw^ui lu-ld«t Exeter 

Halt J. P. Plumptre, Km[., in ibe chair, 

•t which it was reffolved to (urm u Kociety 

r 10 be called " The Kstubtisbed Cburrfi 

ISodetv, for ttrengtbcnitt].- the L'nited 

iChutee of Kngknd and Ireland. umI for 

laromoiiiig ft* greatcat effiocM^." The 

'^aiffermt retoluttons were moved and w- 

nmdeil by A. Uordun, Ehj., (he Krr. M. 




M. Preston, the K*'v. W. Jowctt. the 
R4'v. Wn». Goode. the Rt. Hoii. Sir C 
Roae, Uart., Juu-])b WiUon, e»q., &c 



THEATRICAL REGISTER. 

l>-ew EXGUSIJ OPERA Hount. 

July W. This Theatre iva» re-opened 
to the public with Mr. I^odcr's new 
English opera of Nwrjahodj tinder the 
Tnanagemeiit of Mr. Arnold. The dra- 
nntic inddt^nii) nf the piece ar\! token 
from the Pen>ian tnle of the aame name. 
The opera was gneutly applauded, and 
announced for repetition amidst unani- 
muun appUii"«'. 

The architecture of the now theutre. 
which i» indebted to the talent of Mr. 
Bcnzley, i» entitled to the hijthert com- 
mendatioB. »oin the (mrnulling of the 
dresi circle flpriiic six lull b^-ht Corinthian 
white roIitninN, riiited nnd (rijt, and with 
pilt eiiititals which are carried up (o the 
line of thi' second box circle, or (he cul- 
liTjr row, the front of which « foroicdor 
their cornice, aud a delicate bolnstrode. 
The cnllcry is very conreniundv hud out, 
as well as the adjoining Mcond Ikjx cirrlo. 
Tlic roof is carried boldly over both, is 
circular, divided into eonifmrtments, and 
elaborately but elegantly ornamented with 
arabesque painting. The utage in xHdle, 
and the proscenium springe high orcr it 
with a bold arch, the section of a circle. 

llAYMABKEr TIIEATae. 

Jhm 19. A Mew piece, in two acts, 
called the Skdge Driver, was intrvdueed. 
The ncciie of the plot is laid in Kiimu, 
during tlie reign nf the Emperor I'nul. 
Tbc characters Wire well sustained; and 
the piece, on the »% hole, well ri.-celTe<I. 

Jiiit/Xe. A ihrt-eaet Comedy, ralli'rt 
Jteau AVi*A, from tlie pen of Mr. Jernitd, 
was produced. The piece «-as nnmnineed 
for repetition amidst considerable ap- 
plause, Olid without oppoiaition. 

VHTOaiA TUEATHE. 

Jmip 9. The dmruutic character uf 
this tbeatfe has of late been much en- 
hanced by (be judicioua manngcmciit U 
Mr. Abbott; and a due proportion of 

tublic patronage has heeo juetly owarded 
im. This evening, a new bt*.Tori<<al 
tragedy, eiititlrd Chaitei th< ; ..n 

the pill ot .Miss Mitford, u. i. 

The leading fi^turca of the i. 
rivi-d ffom tbc lost nwbiicli 
that unfortijtiAte inorwrrb, i . . 

Was well reii:iv«d throughout ; ami. w 
uuni'lukioD, iiiinuij:ii-rd for rvui 
highly [HM-ticnl prologua Hl« 
spoken on the orowKw, hjr 



I 




1834.J 20 



PROMOTIONS, PKEFEHMENTS, 



Gazette Promutions. 

Aprit ti, <Jlaut«tienliiiG Yi.-oniiiiTY> ihn Mar- 
qui* o( Wo'crUer t» be Ljrrul.-Col. Com DiiD dint; 
tne Hod. J. 1_ DuLtoa U> be LUut. Col. 

Apnt «t. L(ir*n»o Kirkpalrick OTooIc, of 
lliill> Iliitti, CO. SuiTocd, (id i.oin{itiaai« nllh the 
ticsirr nf hit tnitEioa) undr Tlio*. K> Hall, «q.) 
IB takt die oamc and aira« of |UII onl). 

JUofC. North 9a|4>piu Yeomanry, lloo. T. 
KBBVKn lo be Major. 

ilay a. John Jnaov.or Ppnlrp Mawr, oo. Dr»- 
bi|th,«Di] Lifi<oIn'>-ir>n, «)<). (i;u( of crgmij to the 
mctMiiy of Ihr Int Hrnry BiiemAO, rit), ol Lio- 
toln'vdtui,) u> Uko liie n»in« of BaiemaA iJur 
Joan. 

Jl<ry iB. (•IsuccitPnliiTi.- ytouuiaij', Arthur 
Sti>k«tpr»r, oc). to b« Major. 

Jlf<»y 11, *fii. C'.nrau, «f t'ppcr Elaker-»lr««l, 
fW), (in toniplun<« wiii) U>p wuI of liti malfriial 
■tint Mar^ Maaltvcvr. ol' ArncliRi.-. to. York,) 
U tdke tl>c ruLDM! *iid ann^ o( Maukvcrtr only. 

Mo^ ifT. Joho iV>jcr Urif&tli, jub. *ob of J. 
P.Odfbrli. ol llutM-lt ttl. c«q. in cuiupliiDtc witJt 
the will of bu givat uacJc. John l^ojiri, nq. to 
Ukc tbc name iml armi of Poyer only. 

Juft< 4. Lord BroaibjiBi, Vue. Mtllxiornr. 
Hi. Hon. E. J. iJUlctoD.Tho*. li'Ovky.Krirai.i 

■I law. T. N. l.lMPf. Jojui Wir.tle«le_v, r., B. Lta- 
bani, E. CTurucI, Uanid Maudt.G. C Lcwlt, 
W. H. Curran, Wni. Ti$l>i< lUiTiilt'in, Aclirtun 
t.yk, and Wbi. Ncwp^rT, iiqii. ItirrUlcii, tu be 
CominUsioiirr^ Tor ii^ijuirinjt rnpccting titv *talc 
of rclicioui and ottior lattfiutioa aii*icaiat)n| iu 
iKlMia. 

June 5. KalRhtcd, Hunpbirjr Ic nctnici Sea- 
li(>B*p.c*q. Capt. iLN. 

Julff £. Jamu Ivory, cw. to b« ShenfTlkpoU 
ftt Ibe thireef Ui« Uland of Bute — Koftl. Ilioni- 
MB, «M|. to te &beriQr Dt'puU uf tlie tlilic of 
CMUUKn. 

Jut^ A. ituib Foot, C«^t. Duncan Oordno to 
be Umor.— <iit Foot, Major Oi«i. rorbci, lo be 
Maiw. 

July II- I3cl) !-■£'>( PmRooni. Mxior Alias 
T Mkrlcan Lu lie Lieut. rBl.—Il'rvrt l><!ul.-C<>i. 

K. Utla 10 be Major. ir,tb I.i^lil UrMfoojie, 

Lirat. Cot. W. IVrtte (o be l.icut.Cnj. llli 

Foot, Mwor n. W, Brpion to be Ueui.Col.— 
Capt. J. beflanil to hr Major. 

JiUg l«. Ko}al Euf. C->t.Sir llowarj Etphin- 
ktoue, UarU tobeCnIoocI C'-cininiandaul. 

i. Lot* Itaniinkk, of Cax-tKlitlitqu'rp, Piq. 
lor^Fve. to be • Barooei of the Uniivd KiuKdoin 
of Unal Brilain aod livlaod. 

Ju/y Iff. Laid Melboofoe Id be hint Lord nf 
thrTrcBiury, vice EatI (if cy ; Vi^r. DuncaonDii 
to be Srf mar)* of Stat* U>i t\ir Hocnr Urpirt. 
RICBt ; and bir John Cam H<il'hotiHT to bt Cliicf 
I'Mnnlukocfir of \Voo<t» anil FiirrxtA; E. J.Slan- 
\tj, nq- to be Home Uodrr-J^criiaiy ol Suic. 

Jaltn*Wtii. Vitc- Puncanaon c('«Hid a Vtrt of 
the. Unitrd KmidoTi), hy Uh- iiltr nf BaioB 1>UQ- 
Oiiuoti.of l^f-il'Oriiiicli, ri>. Kilk'uny. 

i:it)i Liftx Ura(ooiit, L'a|)t. Sir Joha Coidon, 
fl<rt. to be Major. 




Krv. R. AldeliOD, BurttUlcn V. co.Totk. 

Hcv. C. K. AibEicld. Euiiatc B. Suffolk. 

Krv. G. p. Ilelcber, BulU-iiou F. C. «■ afford* I., 

Krr, J. BkoQcr battel, HermiUie V. I>orwi. 

Re*. £. BroDu, Berry Poiniiny T, Dnvoo. 

Hc^. R. Blown, SouiiiwKk V. to. Nonli^oipion- 

Kcv. i. Bniwoe, Ullliio f f. Ilaott, 

UfT. T. Butirr, Lanc<tr H. Hotl*. 

H*». T. J. Caii,«rif1»l, RoylMon*' R. Oei«y. 

IUt.J. J.Cory, AyUbamV. N-irfoik. 

Rev. S. Ciejke, WiffLnlon It. ro. York. 

He». C. Da^j, lailfitiaoi V. Wittt. 

Kci.W. H. Diaon. MdIIob Derwent V. York. 

Ilrv. I. C. fi. Cule, LayatOB St. Marcaret P. C. 

btidotk. 
Rev. J.T. Fuber, DadcvrortJi R. &amcrt«t. 
Her. J. r. S. GBlib. ChultoB Kiugi 1*. C. Uloac. 

Kc*. P. Grriory, Mullyou V. Cuiutall, 
Rev. W. V<n»oB Hvcourt, Biibotniliorpa V. to. 
York. 

Hcv. G, Hetritt, SaodoD R. Kcst. 

Rev. H. ILcMi, Stoke Rivera R. Sevon. 

Re*. W. HorkiB, bUikwater V. Exeter. 

Rev. R. Huth.™. South Cavo 7. to. Ywk. 

Rev. J, A. Lilkr. St. GeDoy't V. CordwaU. 

Rrv, — Mofirr, Bunnav V. to. Wnford. 

Kcv. I>r. S[«laBd, Fentt V. Weifoid. 

Rrv. \V. P.lii,, Slitfurd K. Ewex. 

Bcv. C faiker, Stoke Giffurd V. co. GlouMMer. 

R««. L. Potter, Ballyia^Jero V.SIigO. 

Rev. C. Rcyuoldt, (iieal Tronibam R. Norfolk. 

lU-y. S. Tronaat. Hairield Utoidoak V. I^utk. 

Rev. W, Tiolloue, Oirac Wi|iion V. to. LcKCtl. 

Rev.T.C. Vdughan, Cumwhiitoa C. Cunibcrlaad. 

K(*. H. Clarke, Cbati. t» tlie Uukc of SuttCx, 

Rev. J. RobcrCi, CItap. to Lord Diaarbra. 

H«v. C. M. WoddMBteaod (b« Re*. Bl. B.Dirb). 
W b« Ctwp]«l«» 10 Lord Wode^uM. 

CtVtL Pu£r£aM£Mfl. 

AlrKaBdn- Bapfaacl aiid iotia llkdge, ru)ii. 
sb'nff* uf Londoo and MiUUInrx. 

RL Hon. Robert Gtaiit, appoiiited Cioveraor 
of Bombay (oot MailrM,a« io|i. iuo), llieMlafy 
b wjoM. a ycdr. 

tlie officer* appointed to loperintrtid the mde 
lo Cliioa, (uiulvr 3 and t William tV. c. Hi) ate 
l^rd Napier, Pint Sapeniileod<al,a,OuitL«yBari 
Mr. W. II. C. rio«d«in. »eco«d, ^filitU. i Mr. J . 
y. Davia. Tbjrd. 8,000/. ; Rev. O. H. V-eheli. 
Cluplaia, l.i)uU.; CapI.Chaa. EUiotl, lUN. Mn- 
tcr Alivodanl, wot. a r**^. 

TIte Re«. W. Mtila lo l>e one of Hie Uaalen of 
i)w E«ncr I'Kt GramiBAT School. 

Thi,- Rev. H. Sander* iu be llcad Miner of 
Tivciien icliool. 

Mr, T. S. [>a*ie» to be boe of the MithnBuitical 
MatUn ia Ibe Royal Miiicaiy Collfgk: al WooL 
wicb. 



Mcmbert returned to lerve in Parliament. 

Vltattuam. — George SiF*eai Byit;, aq. 
J-inttuty.-^T. S. Poncombe, an, 
Nottatgtiamr—JH. Hoo, Sir John Hobhoatt, 
StuMory.— «ir Kdw. Baracv. 
It'c^^/krAAirr.— C4diirallader Waddy, t»q. 



EcCLEBL\BTIOAi. PheFKHMEITTB. 
Rr>, S, Richudt. In ■ I'irb. Id Vvim Ca«b. 

Ho. J. A. Qnsiit, Miuot t'lavn of £ly Cuth 



BIRTHS. 

I 

June ig. At Bath. Uie wife of the Hob. R. H, 

BfOKur, <nh HitMatf. a MB. etM At Waraick, 

Uicilon. Mil. Woodmut. B*nB. ir^ r.-fvjt 

SbrAeld, ■ (OB. M. Al l>kclbrooke Tatk, ttie 

Lady Louim Cator, a m>d. At buKer Hall, tlw 

vile of Chat- Llrvntuond, c*^. ■ toa.^-~vf. At 
Cbiddinifold rectory, tbc wife of tbo Ur«. li. p, 

Everett, B too. 44. In Jama.* tree I, Burklti|- 

liani-KaUi Uic uilt i>I J, IVatc, aq. U.P. % mm. 
- -ii. At Teddinsioo, Middlaaex, the wife w( 

UK Rev. T. W. (.'Bit, a too. U. Ladj- Kalhrt. 

rise Jermyo, a ton and lieir. 

Lately, (he L«dy LouJta PoTr, adau. Al 

EdiObBifth, tl'.e*ir«of R.I>icwar1,e«q.M.P.«da<i. 

Jnlyt. Lady Suflteid, a ton. Ai VraMr. 

th^te Park, the C'tCHlluiirord, a ion. ). At 

AJtoa Vicarage, llactt, the •»(♦. <rt Vt* 'V«h .\,. 



k 




■■■■ if ^H 



i~iii-*itir •,- ' "'T t^a^ 
fcH*p, M«.*te«.^ iL At Tmhhiti ««g^ 

■■fc M- Al tk»T»nK Cmmmtmm*^. Mm. 

^■ta Bn. OK. Cf*iHI ^■llpll li tfcM HilU 



MABAIAGES. 



_ , to J w» »i. te«. mT Urn Ufl» 

*«. ^BK ■»•.* //isiip ' ii. ifw f C irtt K 

■ ■■^ V. At aich, Ask B«^> CMkta. 

««. IM ^ B. f. C to BtckMl. M(y Mm. af n* 

iMr ferr. B. Ommi At LuMJigli*. ITAfvy 

■iMtafc M«. to Am Kfew. ««i. ■< toe lii* nM. 

It-ik«, ««. •« D0HK, CB. CaiAtoUaa Si. 

M T^^MTOto H , »i ril I ■ . «« Re*. TtmA. 
T. *. C Rb B*f. JJL kMtot atf CrAm BeiA 



TMten. Mly Am. ^ iW Br«. T. jtimmtif, «r 

ffiwviit*- ""v Vih. 1*. At scUmmw 

tte B«*. T ■■^■■C Vjk. lUctaf m€ HMtlay 
MaMtfaO, GUMk, to li*Wf I — lai ■ iwna^ <mu 

•« i«ta w%«e, ca^.^ Al gi»wli». tk* Krr. 

0. aw««, Kmw W V«r«Ac«4. W«nvHcnlMt«t 
!•«•«■ arthrlito H^OcK. M W. ClMte. 
rii 1 n r>jpii MiMi jitotin An.a< Ot. Jdte 
> »to>iBC ■! W4fMilto«b 1^«mto«v«M*. 
Ik* Kn. i. B. OMiM, to 

^ «* Bn. T. Sots. At 

K.CtoCfl^«« 

•rUNlrtrC. 
. At Hilton 
■, CkfMrtaR^ to 

tok, AM».<rfto*>lMT.iMMh M^ M.n.— At 

AB Sa^i. Mwyltli^w. Gw. «««, tf ■Pitlato, 
»towy, to Elu. ftwinl^a A**. An. af tte !•*• 



fc*.to«^ A> ai. dMrt»\ n »— »»» n- Cwt. 

I- 



Om. mA ItSt EU. L^toa.- _ 

OkM. iM a4«. J. A- Tiima i< lx. u *f sai^. 

iiiliii , WUrhtoStofL Ikwfci. .r K>«<t— . 

A( bktf. Sv H. RnckcT. BmI. »r A«Mra 

twk, Sww), to ItorfT Mvta, mmA tfM. af tt« 

••to O. Bnva. «%. 4> Ai &ii*m BWMn. 

■ plfltiAl ■, tt« Bvr-J.r. mw.TMf «rTW. 
kT.aa.ttMc to AaM.iM»r **- t i ib» to J. 

>*. At bv**^ flaiMk. to* >»•. W. AW. lUc 
tor •« »i<lii< a. C1«». to BBta ^tmcm. 

y«aaflHt Amk. «f O. Umtrr, rm. «f CMchnwv. 
—-At CfcMltoa. Km«. to* »»«. — - 



T. •MtoOi. Btft. to n to n^q ^ i— H** ^m. «r 
OA-Ti^wCrf T«^ HA, Tartaktn. 

/■iftr At m^w*. OfiiM. L#>* 

tab CtoA ««rmr. «r P^aanir Umm. 
■to«%.P»— .to La^l iffl. — * ?<■■. « 

•w*«wk. to« Bw. *. Bl^ to Jua >■■««, 

MMad Am. ar n- BtMfn. «H- 

JlBMC Al Wac^Wr, Cy. ^ictw. to !? ■■ ■ 
Blllpi, 4m. ml T. A. BaMrB. to«. a« CknhMi 

fWktfitotb — «. Ac Tito«r c»«mk M«n;^ 

«B«,bKll A.S»UAwMa, to%. ■i f l to 'i rf Ife 
jwOta. av B. NTT i II, to ^*a>rta> Bm^. 
urn* 4m. rfP-M fc*<i».to^. »/ ■ ■ ' ■ nf. Bm- 

Llir-ii ^TW K«*. B. Biiitotof. af TW>i^ 

4m^ X. B.to Elto.«aty 4m af toa toto B. BU- 

tn.o^ af Ba !■■■ . Al a to « u »to>. Fi»«. >. 

S^m^ •rf^SrrTa^ D^-'^V^M^ «^ 
MS W«to BMTr tot»T. »«»- •• JfeO •*»«« 
Au. ^ W. Braoaa. ««^ af W«m» B l M li ^ 

MW« Ma7a« Bftk-ff Llr*«aUM4<WM. 
try. to aar^ Xm(T. j««.«tol #aa. af ta*ta» 

(W bm. t. a cw»s •<* cv*»»i*» «*. *'•'■'•*, 

wJiSSMrfwL- Tit^ TM *^. r H.ll^ 
« — ■ ii I .m\ ■■- af ■i_r'n-'-ii . D « ito. to Em. 

ttorS Am. af *■««.«" "-b^ *^«*?' .^r* 
■fMA^ 14. Jit fr-aaai U k timm. W. B, *^ 

«H« -'T 

»a«.«to. taiwaCa-a^ 

Stf^^^ «^ K a-Zafft OiT^ Bm«. dU 

7^ TZiA w , > to B— >a «*». iUtotAM. 
rf««lM T- Bwff^vi^ af toliai W . C ■! I< |1] , 

ta. Al l.li^Wirl> toa BM. tUW. T. 9^ 

» Aaa, avh 




,#h^ t. At n^liUa. Btofc. *■ Baa. W. 
m. K. BiiMlii. BactoTJa III I . to Marr. 
•lAHtAaa-afttoiMi Bai. B. CyBara* Ba4ln. 



iCteMtf. torRa.. B. BMia^^ 1 



tBaAlay. 

aMafMr H iialBto BMiilifc, BwLtotoM 
Saaaa. aalv 4a«. «« to* Mt J. IhMA to« Ibr- 
■avtr af VfmtKf Baak. Woan— . t. At la. 
rMcMi.Ua<M.B**.i.T^*.M» afLa^k. m. * 
Sriato, to lan. <M. Aaa. af W. iMto, aM. Umbv 

WaktoViL lh*Mito>i» AtTiilraAM. to 

B^art Awa, Ban. ^ IfcAMa, to AMfca. Aa«. 



|ja«.0«a. Mr W. Oa«k*toa. Bait. >f Kksk. » 
MtotitoBiMtaCnntoalw fc.atowtoaaBrt 

af f^aaaa. L Al tti O il aa 4> fblr ^ Mw4 

fStosX Cm«. B. a. Bmmik B.* . to LMtaa J aw, 

«••. at t« ravto •• Raa. P* At ftoMr 

TW Bn. F. HrtavAn, af Stoaa. Xm% » Ela*. 
■ar tL Bafto^aMMAaa. af IW Ba«.E.ABM. 

af li^fclia*!! B. C Um, «i«. of C&tfk. 

Daaki^MAfia, to Iba. 4M. af riM B«*. T. KA- 

wto*k B«cto(af %Mto«atol OhBMr. Cmc. 

O. T. Batiitoi. 14 LA Oawitw to " -j 1i. 

cUnt Am. al C. Laaclii'< a>«^ C M rWla> 

•t^kto. w. |^H<« Bwln. toa. to 10m Tfatoiii 
Aaa KmmtM, (Vto wAA w toA Mito^ «>«> art 

Oaa^ KtoAla. •. AtCfcltttoitkW. P. La4. 

*— . »a af Va4. W Jtw to AMa>> AM-afCMt. 

r*- a f a rt a r- U. af nTaUto^ flMte At ba. 

aMC*a^ UMt.C^ * ^ii * | Aa af ite ta* 

Lm< VaifMiT-*, to rkaiMto ITi i^at, »t A^ 
rf Walafc WM^awW. PaMiMi. — u^ 
MM LaMto, tto Bo. &. "~ 



totto.«Al* Aw-afF.T.gitol^aMC 

Um VMiy af U i i wtol. ta>. At )t>*fT. T. A. 




. ^^TVBai a l li i ^tA^fi*. 

Imv BaaM. V-». to Jtoato r . mL af f»r 
^aM. K.IC aa4 A14. af Mto <«k A«*«Cb- 
-At Ba*. Br. Or »••». to C^Wb* 

1. at CM Bw«lij. av At •- 

••<»^ r. w. Ca*. »» to teaa 




Ba. 4>a. of R. (^an af 9tak« . 

n». M*. >L Atltoa, tW mm af (Aa Daka 

•f <E«rtk«a*n4a«^ Tm. Bataairtrtr, BM af Kaa I 
AaAanLtoHMUrrtnMrtoanCatoU 4a«, «f 
tkrBWbar<<CWMa. — -.aa 



1834.] 



OBITUARY. 



Genekal KnotLYs. 
March 20. At Paris, or infliicnsa, n^ 
71, Gi'tterul WiUiutn Kltullvl^ (invvnior 
of I limerick, furniorly culled Earl uf 
fianbury. 

Thii> gentlennin wu fourth in titinil 
dtacent from Nicholaik, who sat in tfau 
Convention PurUamcnt of 1060 m EuH 
of Biinbury, lint was aJlcrwurdfl ri-ftiscd 
a Writ of Sumotoiis, as boiii^ ui illefp- 
timatc son of the rouiitcu luii moUter 
br FxlH-nrd Ix>rd Viux. (Sre BankeV 
Dijrmant and Kxlinct ftaronan, vol. iii. 
and IfC Marrhant'it Appcndu to (he 
due of the Oardincr Feern^e.) The 
Genenl's father was Tliomns Woods 
KnuUys, nomtiiully Earl of Itiuihury, 
whose death at Winchester, Mart-h 18, 
1793^ will be fuund rccordei] in the Gen. 
tlcmafi'it Magozint! for that year, p. 375, 
toffTlhcr with some srevunt nf the family 
history and title; and hifi mother was 
~lanr, daughter of Willkm Porter, esq. 

I Winchuttfr. 
r^He entered tlic anny Dei-ember Kl, 
», M an Eiicidtn i" thu 3d tiuurds, 
obtained a Ijentenaiiry, with (he 
nk of Captain, in March I78ti. He 
pined the umiy in Flanders AlajrO, 1793, 
ud was prcki-iit at every aetioi) in which 
me Ouatd.1 were etigiiged, including the 
*ge of ^''alendi^nne*^ until the army 
ent into tt inter quurlon ut OhcrU; he 
also preicnt during the mireeeding 
iimign, iti every nelion, until August 
I. In December 1703, he ubtained 
I company in hi* rcfjiment, with the nink 
f l«ieuteniUit>Colonel; and in 179(i, ut- 
^ned the brtrvet ibiiIc uE' Colotiel. He 
ved with the j^TL-imdicr hattidioa of 
)nard« in the expi'ditioii to Jlutlund in 
and was in nil the actions in which 
■t corps WBti erit(ugi*d. In IW^, he 
came Maior<(^enenill ; wiia for «nme 
ne on the Staf)', eommandlnj? a brigade 
t vuliinti.-ei» in the Lofidon district, and 
|lbi>ei|Ucndyof the .Mtlitiii Itn^'itdt-. until 
jjril 23, 1U()H, when he atuiined the 
nk <^ Lieutcrmiit-r>eiiera]. In Jan. 
, he wa« appointed Kirat Major of 
.3d Guordsi in I8IH, Licntcnant- 
vernor of St. John'*; in IHIB, Ge- 
1 in the Army; and in iM... Governor 
Linufjck. 

In 1806, Geneivl KiioMys rcjiewed the 

fimily ciaim lo the F'liridom of Uanbiiry, 

the cuneidcntlimi ui' which whs continued 

I the HoiiHc of LordA unril March D. IBI 3; 

ten a Committee of Privilege* renolved 

tfaal the Petitioner hid not mudo out 

leUom;" und on the I3th of ilie^mie 

'oth, it waa (after a||;reeui^ in iLe Ke- 

Izat. Mac. Voi» JJ. 



port of the Committee) further rcaolred 
by the whole House, " that the Petitiooe r 
is not entitled to the title, di|niity, nnd ho- 
nour of Karl of Hanbiiry." (hns affirming 
the illef^tiniacy of hid anrrwtor Nicholas. 
This wan in a House consiMinR of «xiy. 
eight Membent. A very aWc Protest, 
however, Mxitten by Loitl Erskirte, wm 
recorded hy him, nnd subM-rihcd by tlie 
Dtikc* of Kent, Olouoester, and Suitarx, 
Earl Nelson, Lord Athburton, Lord Pon- 
sonby, the Marquis nf Hastings Lord 
Hooil, and Lurd Dundoji. 

We liave not opportotiit)* in the pre- 
acnt plare to enter rally into the perulinr 
features of this celebrated case; but we 
may briefly remark, that this sch-ran de- 
cision of the House of Lordx, which was 
supported by the opinion of the twelve 
Judtres. was inopiKMition to the formerly 
received docma of the law, that legitimacy 
\vm inferred, when accew of theliuaband 
was not impouibte; thus fnrminr a nof 
lem ill questions of the kind. That tbe 
decision was meratly just, is etident from 
ihiseircum^tanee, amon^t others, that Ed- 
ward Lord Vaux styled the rf^Ur of hit 
two sonit by the Coimtem o( Banbury, 
KnolIysaJinx riur.and Nicholas itself was 
H ru;.me derived frnm the Vatix family. 

General Kriollvi? married a daughter of 
El>enezer HUekwell, of London, £a<|. 
and by that ladv, who faaa been Rome 
years deceased, be had n ran, formerly 
eallcd VisroHiit Wullinpford, and other 
children. Afterthc dwision of 1H13, Iho 
titles of Knri of Banbury and Viorount 
WalHngford were diseontinucd both by 
the ffttber and son. 

Adm, Sia E. TnoRKBOsoucu, G.C.B. 
^ptUX At Bi4hopstei;{ntun Lodge, 
Devonshire, aged 78, Sir Edu^rd Thoni- 
b<irou)rh, G, C B. Adiuiral of the Red, 
and Vice-Adniiral of the United King- 
dom. 

This ofGecr U iiaid to bar? taken him- 
self to sea when a boy an his own leave. 
In 1775, he wh8 serving a* First Lieu- 
tenant of the Falcon, which wuh one 
of those which covered the attack on 
Bunker's Hill, and bud u very fatiguing 
duty in guarding the mouth of Charles 
Hiver. On the 3d of August, that year, 
Lieut. Thornhorougli distinguished him- 
sclftn cutlin;r (Hit a sehooner near r^ipc 
AniiB, and in tbe uLUek upon the (uwn. 

On the 1st of August, ITW. Mr. 
Tbomborougb was Kirst Li<!uteruuit of 
the Flom, when ivheoipturrd the Nymph, 
:i fine French frigate, after a dwv^iirAVfe 
attion, in wUieb ibc UutT \wA »\%\Y-\Vrt« 
•IE 





mf:=Adm. Sir E, TkonhonrngK G.C.B. [A«^ 



Lbow«t4 CW 



IdcuC. 



1 fo hM gd. 

»7W ■ I'lifi rf CwiMiilw. 

t vidk P«M naifc ia tUfcBovin|7«v. 

I ke vac ■■|MiDH< ID tbt BioDdc^ 

bi thM il^ be wm^ mdcr A4- 

XN^by^ B N«nb America tod 

eo^Mv wiA NdMwi, who 

■■4t4 Ac AlkoMri* of «9 

TW jHpfci_ «■» lolvtiiWy suc- 



r->«-« 



GwL TlMrabenii^ Mcsni« 



be db- 



MbT lai. tb> Bondt brfi« flf^ 
4end CO cniiae off fioiiDQ, in tbe bepe of 
iDicRvpdaf ■ ftinte ef ibc mmm iMmc 
wkieb was iba omj- tlup of wmr tbcn tw- 
to Uic Ameriauw; she fell in 
uok ft Itife liif of ibein, 
B gnm, kdea with cboioe 
tfoRB for Ibe Freacb fleet; 
«IAc ttmiai bar ohw intu port, abr uo- 
foniiBMiIji titndk on the N«utttcket 
■booh, aa4 «m tattinij tort. Tbe crrw 
bsfw^ bjr ■■oM of e raft, tne v ttdti ia 



. tber mnMfd Ck«« 
rtv*4i|am the aowit tfecreM, «- 
noL ■BDl tbey were 
iTcri by nro AmerkBD 
. «boh apon ntogakmaf Copt. 
Tbombonngb, mated tbcMi with tbc 
kwAm aMaMBOii.fl»i (ia gnccfal reum 
fer TfcwatiaiiialiU bebanoor lo lu pii. 
1.) haded tbcoi ia pctfect aefccy near 
K Wbuwb Mh w» thea U |i II ■■ I ■liiiii 

Aeeoeteg •• eanom, Cspc Tbonb 
boroogh ma tried by • nxm martial for 
tbe laoeof tbe Bloadr; and alter an ho- 
aamUe aefrini hvm Ueate, his au~ 
ffte wcfe rewai^ed by aa B|i|Muitai«it to 
the Hebe, of 38 gvmw one of tbe mmt 
b — a bfu l bMBtaa ia tbe aerrice; in which 
ta» pmnt M<^tny ««« appmnied Third 
liiarnaaei ia Jaae 17S^ In the wme 
■KMKb, lafiaK reeeived on board Co«- 
■oiaR Ibe Una. J. L. Gome, sbe piD. 
cMdid oa * tnhe fvaad GraM Britain ; 
edbrt ahkb. Piimo VilUaai.Hctti7 coa. 
tfaacd lo eeret vUb Om)!. Thombdro^ 
aatd Fck I7W. The CaMMa retained 
tbe I 'W BiBi nl of tbe Hebe tar ner« tbaa 
7«n, whirb w«* cwo4detcd aa ex> 



/awbaf fii*«Mr dttria* peace., 

Ea IffO^ I* whrt b taUed by MUore 




ia Feb. ITtX O^. Tb-aaboeao 

' ^ <o cA/ /.aMaa» a <Mc« 



frigate, oa the base atatioB, which, in 
the eomac of dM eaaner. Mtored m- 
TCeai Fnai^ ■ ■v-.i-.-m-i;^ tiadw 
three aaaduenQi prtweerMalled 1' A me- 
fiqor, W Fiaaktin. and I'Ambitirus, of 
ten cane caeb ; aad In the following No- 
Traiber. when attached to Lord Howe's 
fleet, be partJcalartydistiogiiiihed hiwdf 
br biK nllantiy in the pursuit of fitt of 
Van»t^t*s ftott, wbicb,bowcv«; racon- 
irquenrc of the M^ialljr ctate of tbe wea- 
tbrr, inadr it* escape. Oo the JfTth No- 
vember, the L«to»a >tul Pharian cap- 
tured the NatioDal »hip Blonde, of KB 
Tbocnbaeou^ ww em- 
tbe faMawfag winter and 
ia$ tbe Brcat fleet ; and in 
battle of the Iftt of June, tbc 
Latona did impartant ■crricc. and with 
the Pheetoe ww attached to the centre of 
the line. 

Gapt. Thoeabocomb wae thortljiAer 
iapeeated u tbc HohaK, Tt, in wUcb 
•Up be MsU letiMiaed with Lord Howe, 
aiM enured «iith him vntD ibe winter of 
I79i. Ue afterwards ■ un.t wi vtl y at- 
tended oa Rcar-Admital Cotpopi, Sir 
J. B. ViKna, and Lord Bridpoit, in 
the Chaniwl, aad off Brcat, nty Oct. 
1791^ wbv» bcnv^u pMwflw Sir 
J. B, Wvrea^ oraen, be eaeoaateivd 
M. Bonpan't fleet off Loafh SwiUr, oo 
the coaat of Irriaad Tbe Robust waa 
opdercd to lead the aDadt, Mtd, after «n 
actioo uf two hoan^ 3L Boapart iiraa 
caaueOcd «a ftrike hb calava. Tbe 
priae froead to be tbe Uacbe. of IB 
«a^ aaa of the Boat MMfbabipa of bp 
^aa: hairia| ba*. la hiTWd and woaa^pL 
tn Men, b Ibe Bobaet were lea MM 
and faetjr wonded. 

At the flag praaMCkn whkfctoafc plKa 
Feb. 14, I7» Chf«. Tbombanai«h aaa 
nominated Colaitel of TfaTaLa. aal 
•hoftcd huneodaM Iraai tbe RobaMtO 
the ForviJbble, S^ in wbkcb be acKved 

00 tbe Channel «od Me^teiraaeaa Av 
tiott^ oatil Jaau I, JtVl ; wbea, oa tbe 
L'niua pfoawtiop, he was advaaced Id 
tbe faab of Rear- AAainl of tbe Blae, 
ami boirtedbis flw oa board ibe Ite^ 

mt n i n of the war wai f|ihijiL 
ardaoaa bat noaoCoaoaa daiT of 

iag Brcrt. 

(M Ibe renewal U boidliEiea, 

1 la awnn d i m ia tbe Itawas, Rear-Ad- 
■iwl Tba w her u i ^h was ■uaniaifd taa 
dlvbdaaof the North Sea Yw«C a 
l>«d Keith, with his Aw bobiad 
Uvfcace. 7i. He tmOt hm 

•fthaTVadTitMc 
iDwatcb tbe pans afHiBiTl 
Hf tbespdactidea, 

Evir in 1«6 ba wnl ite 



1 



I 

I 
1 



bacOiEiea. •»« fl 
a, Rear-Ad- 
i p ae ia ied taa 
Fleet, aader _ 
Kdtfadbtbe ■ 

55M 



WW p«nan« ataboa of Caffi^a eC iW 
f«B ad flatt. In Jaae 1; be aw hi 



to tlie nuik of Vice- Admiral, boisted liii 
flag ia the Kent, md won tiominated to 
camni«ud a iquodron of fut-sailin^ line. 
uf.lmtdc flhips, dcsdned to rcinforro 
Ixwd KeUon, but which vrati rendered 
WHMCCMWT bjr the battle of Tmfid^ir. 
Ia the fbllowiii^ yevr, witli hlx fUg on 
board thu Hrince of WaJes ^ He main- 
tained tfac blockade of Rocb<>fort, until 
relieved by Sir Samuel Hood. In Feb. 
1807, he removed into the Royal So- 
verei^ of lUU giin«, and proceeded to the 
Medjterrenean, whe-rc be remained eic- 
cudng rariouB services until the end of 
liHX). In OcL 1810, ho was appointed 
Cotumaiider in Cluef on tbe Irish Cita- 
tion, where hn continued until be at- 
tained the rank of Admiial in Dec. 1813. 
On the extension of the Order of tbe 
Bath, in Jan. 1816, be was nominated a 
Knight C^ommander; and in Jan. 1W5. 
, he wa* raited to the dignity of Grand 
CroM. lie was (kinimander in Cblef 
At Portamoiith fnun IHI.j to IHIB; and, 
finally, on the deatb of Lord Kxniouth, 
be was appointed Vice-Admiral of tbe 
l/nilcd Kiriprlum, Jan. 10, IS33. 

Sir Edwdrd Thomborough was twice 

married, and died a widower. By faia 

tlirat wife, who died at Exeu-r in 1801, 

llw bid •ereral children, of whom unc, 

T Edward U Cr&K Thoniborougb, ii now a 

Captain in the Ruyal Navy. 

" [This Article baa beenabridfed from u 

^ fenger Memoir miblisbcd in toe Cuited 

1^ Senrice Journal for Junc.J 

Rear-Aomibal BaooKtNo. 
^tprH2l. At hui residence, Paleatinc 
House, near Plj-mouth, a^ed BO; Sa- 
muel Bruolditg, Esq, a supenuinuated 
Hear. Admiral. 

TbiN gentleman n-as bom at Newton 

Fcr«r^ in Devonnhirc, and went to &ea 

[ as. the »ge of twelve, with Sir Richard 

Ooatow, under whom, ajtd the Hon. h. 

Qnwer, Sir R. Ourtia, and Lord Howe, 

|iw served bin probationary noriciate. He 

was eomraiauoned ax a Lieutenant to the 

Strombolo bomb in 1776> having received 

Cbat appointment expressly in rcwurd for 

the abihty with which he bad recently 

I comoiandcd a gun-boot on the Hudfitiii's 

t River, in the attempt to relieve (K>neral 

CBuinync. HeafterwHrdn removed into 

llbe Qalatea, 20, one of the must active 

lonthr American station ; and at 

) close of )7H0, into the Fnident, IH, 

[In which he acrvcd in the action with 

[the licet of M. de Temcy, off Cape 

f Henry, when the Prudent had seven 

[killed and twenty-four wounded. Ue 

[ eoDtinued to ser^'e iji the wime 8lii]>, of 

which he became FirKt Lieutenant, until 

1782, when he received un acting Com. 

mandcr** commiMion to the St. Litcin. 

It WW iiotf boircveei uaiil cite year 17^ 



that he obtained a confiLnnation to chat 
nnk, and that only at the writt4m request 
of Earl Howe-, who altio procun>d him 
the Drake, of 14 guna. in whirh he was 
despatched with a convoy to the West 
Jn^es. In July 179G, he vnu posted 
into tbe Jamaica, 26, in which, assisted 
by two sloops and some anaallcr craft, h« 
for three years protected the trade of 
Jamaica, and collected their oonvoyiL 
In 1799, he returned home with a con- 
voy, when he was pre^iented by R- 
Sewell, Es<|. the Colonial Agent, with a 
sword valued at lUU guineas >n pur- 
suance of a vote of the Jamaica House of 
Assembly. 

(!apt. Brookinft returned home with 
broken heultli, unil wits not Bub4e<]u«ntly 
employed; when;f<»re, in Aii^i<<t IS|^ 
he M'esHuperannijated iL-miR^^ar- Adminil. 
But his mind wa* continunlly %viih the 
service ; and he was numbered as one of 
the correspondents of the United Service 
Journal. His body was interred at New- 
ton Ferrers, tfac phice of hia binb. 

Rear-Aom. Hardvma.v, C.B. 

jiprii 17. Jn Comwall-tenBce, Re- 
gent's Park, aged 00, Rear- Admiral 
jLuclus Ferdinand Hurdymau, Cli. 

He was tbe son of the late Capt. 
Hardyman of I'ortnuioutb, and brother to 
Mujor- (leiieral Hardyman, who died in 
Iniiia, Nov. 28, 1621. The early part of 
his career waa jnused in Kveral ships* 
but the first important occasion in which 
be was concerned, was on theliit of March 
1700, when, as First Lieutenant of the 

Sbille, after bis Captain bod been mor- 
Ly woucided, he t6u(;hl that sbip ^^aiiut 
the Forte, a funnidalilv frigate of fifty 
guns, which slruek after a verj- despemte 
and iiatiguinary night coniljac India was 
deligbced at the capture of ibis famous 
ship; (^pi. Cooke was interred with all 
the honours tliat the Governor-general 
could beittuw; and Viee-Adm. Rainier 
couimiH.siijned the prize, and confeircd 
the command of her upon tbe brave 
Lieutenant. 

C-apt. Hardyman, whose appointment 
wsi confirmed by tbe Admiralty, con- 
tinucd to sen'e in India until June 1801, 
when the Forte unfortunately struck on 
a reef off Jeddah, and, alter bafflingevery 
attempt to get her olTi was aliaiidonea. 
He afterwards commanded the t'nif-om, 
Ita, on the We»t India irtatioii, where in 
May 18<>5 hiH biAts boarded and carried 
the Tape-a-hord, a tine prii-atecr cutter 
of 6 gnus. The I'nirom was attached 
to Sir C. Stirling's ii<]uadron in the ex- 
pedition ugaictit Monte Video, where 
Capt. Hnrd\iniui huecekkfuJly covered the 
laniling. She waii atterwaTnit tnvsi ^ ^l^ 
Basque UoaA v^uaAxon, »»A »ssvw«^ ■«. 
the dt:sUui;\ion vt\ '^ YwvtV ^^ * 




1^ OamjiB.Y.<i~Ilfii/.-Crii. Dottgha. — Lieul.-CoL FW/«rfw. t^a^* 



Uxniwl!i. April! 1, IW)n-. >t>or()v afirr 

hicb, Capr. Hirdynim rcmuvi-a into 
e Annid^iSS^ on the unir btotiun, vbcre 
i to*t« ^tn Ttrjr actire io sonof iiii; tfac 
aninjr tmde. 

On the cxtrnfiion of the Order of the 
fBatB. in Jan. I«I5, C«pt. Ilmrdymin »wi 
BlKnauutpd » Compiknion. He nurriM) 
Tl)pr.S9; IHll^ rtttrloU*,ytnnKMt dau^- 
ftPT of .lolin Trnvwii, esq. of Ilctlfbnl* 
l^aee, London. 

IHaj-Ocn. Su W. Docclas^ K-CH. 

, ^prit li. At KerHdmtton, ved G&, 

[>Iajor- General Sir WilTtun BmtgW^ 
[K.C.H. of TinipeDdMm Boxburgb. 
l«hiFe. 

I Jli; altered the annyio l7B6,ai Ensifin 

I ID Ilie liist batt«lio» of tbe IsC foot ; and 

I was appomteil Lieuteamt In i780. He 

■ •rrvt'd ill botb naks. In the We«t IniUcs. 

Iji> I7U3 liv rmuiil an InAepcnde o t Cmd- 

Mny; uid sUitrffards debused Utto ibo 

Dtb foot, in wbicb corps be did duty in 

Aiflerent quirtctA, wid necomjiuiiicd il lu 

arplnnd, where he Mnred during ibe rv- 

vlbon. lie vtuB sftenrardi appointed 

p tbo Irish eUilT, and rontinued thereon 

.ro jtBTh tifk an AMiflUiit QuutcnuMer- 

jeneml. InJuly, 180.1, he wtuprarBOti'd 

. iuiL Alajority in tbc ^1. wiUi which he 

I did duty UDtil 1H04. wbut bi; auifcted to 

IMm fonaation o( the 9Blb» to wbich be 

nappoiDtrd LieuL.Colood. In lifOS 

wrnt with that rqpnwnt to Nora 

_i "^■i and was aftcTWwds rmplorrd in 

"eommaDd in (Janada, Bcrmnd*, ana upon 

Ihecoaatirf America. On thoapaficim 

.to the Peflobseot, ondfr Lieiit^OciL Str 

i, Sbettrook, Col. Uoufcks coanMndMl 

Aac partof the army wbich ina fine landed, 

■pod wbich took poneuion of the port 

iHidtoirn of Cn>tine; xinI he matinued 

» command a brigade duriag tbc whole 

' the opentions connected with that 

.pedition. He returned to hi» rvgiment 

I 161\ wnd in 1816 tbc corpo inu die. 

inded. He nUained the muk of (lolonel 

I 1813, and MBJor-Geacral in 1«19. 

dKUT.-CVX- FOLUUITON, C.B. & K.H. 

ilfarcA 9. At Hali&x, LJeat.. Colonel 
I'JnmeB Fullanon. C.B. and K.M. Lieut- 
rColorwl of the Otitb foot. 

This officer entered the inny f» an 

|£tW|;a in the 5l9t foot, in titcember 

kKOS, and in the folloniiij: May eailed 

ibr India, and juint-d the refoment at 

[ Columbo, betne then Lieutenant by coni- 

^iflsion dated July 1S03. He berved in 

he CanaduQ W4r in l&lXS, I, and 3; and 

' Ii) SeptomWr \Hfl, rttlurnrd to England 

with the 61iU In I80§ he went ru t.in- 



Corvntia. la May 1600, be wu ap- 
pointed Cai^ahi In ibe OStb foot. In 
July 1811, be wu ordered ce Cadit mth 
part of the third battalion of tfaat regi. 
metit, and wu prevent at the battle ol 
Barron. In Jiuy 18tlt, be waa ordi9n| 
ro join the army in P<«titgiil. In Dee, 
following hr rrtumru tn Kngtand in eon- 
•teouence of bad bvaltb; and, in Dee. 
1813, be wait ordered to Holland. On 
the ISth of Jan. IHH, be eoanmuidrd « 
detaefament in tbc attatk of tb« vilhgn f^ 
31crxrm ; In Feb. be was pre«enl in the 
bombardment of Antwerp ; and in April 
he retftiTpd the brevet rank of Major. 
At the baiile of Waterloo be cnmmanded 
the i^ipincnt daring the greater part of 
the day: the Brnior oAmt, I.ieut.-reJ. 
Kou, hanng been wrOunded early in the 
action, and wma cotiTcyrd to Bni wtb in 
tbe nifbt, in eooseiivetice of a •eeoto 
wotind. In Awp. 1SI5. he Pcjoinr<l the 
army at Paris baring been contirmed in 
tbe rank of Major bv eonimnwn hearing 
tbc date of Ae gtoTwaa and deeifive vie. 
rory. He WW appointed Lieut- Oolancl 
of Ibe 96th foot, SepL 1% 1887. 

FaANoa DotxiX, Ek). F.S.A. 

JCurrA 30L At bia residpare in Govcr- 
atraet, in faia 7'M ycar.^ Frenris Lkooce, 
esq. F.S.A. one of the most eminent 
■ntitjuariea of hia aga. 

He was descended bwn a bigbly n^ 
cpcctabio fuiify b UwafMbire.* His 
fiubcr. Tboma* Dmm^ esq. of the Six 
Clerks Oftea, afienaled the HaapakiM 
eatatee, and aettfed at Town Ifallb^ in 
Kent, when bt bmlt ■ huidioaau housa, 
and eigoyed a conddeimblc eatait>- Mr. 
Douce wai not aecnatomed to apeak uC 
bia fatbcr witli afectioii : ha tmed to wy, 
^' my gTwdfalber was a doowedc deapoC^ 
and tytannixed over my liatlMrt who 
thouffbt proper to retaliate upon mv." 
Of his kind and eicelli:nt nothcr he al- 
YfKjfi epuke with emotion* and aid be 
owed Cray thing to bic iinid and iadul> 

* Sir Franda Donee was Sbcrifi* of 
that coimty in the 4tli year of the rei|[n 
of Charles 11. One of Mr. Duoce'k 
oncwtorfc, Dr. Douce, was an eccentric 
but hijjhty popular phvKciaii, wbo mada 
a very large fortune uy practice in tbe 
city. There are one or two engravi-d 
ponraiu of him. lie was a very muu 
man, very athletic, and addicted to cock- 
fghting and riding the great horse. He 
was in batnts of intimacy with Major 
Foubert, riding-master to George IL A 
very rnrious tomb, in imitanou of tbe 
Mausoleum of Quintuf Metellua, was 



]S34.] 



Obituahv.— fVoiuu Douce, Esq. F.S^t .> 



SIS 



I gmt cmre. His tute for bookn, foranti- 
\ ^uttie«i and bis pauion for (nunc, were 
I auutifiMad nt a very early iif^e ; hin mo- 
[ dur cnoeunfiMi him in bis studies ; buc 
I lUi firtber repreascd liiro, luid wben be 
I'lnH iadalgib^ Us fondnr«i for music 
would ay out-~t' Vaat let th« boy i^l 
^ tlie piano. " Mr. Doui^e wax Uni jikcvd 
I U a school at tUehmond, with a roaster 
\ of the nan>c of Lawton. who VTOte an 
I Indifleiviit book about E^-pt. Lnwcou 
^ WW mocec^cd in hit ftohool by Oib^jons, 
|.a Camcm of St. Puul'ii Catliednl; atthiii 
1 ba beeaiDC [tfolicifiit in L^tin, and 
t nuule Mine (migKss in (in^k, wlien 
Ekmi nuddcnly removed much again*;! 
Fkil inclination, and, as he supposed, l«st 
1 be ibould outslitne bis elder brotber, by 
jirboip machinaDtios be used to say be 
Ivu prevented from being sent to Col- 
lltg*. Upon his removal he was placed 
Itf a French aeadeniy, kept by u pumpoas 
land i^^BOfsnc Life-guard«»an., with a view 
1 to hit learning merrbanla' acx-oontx, 
[which were hifi averstan, and he made no 
lOlhtT ai-ijiiircinent there than a little 
}-'rejirh ; the second master, a Sootch- 
Lmaii. knowing less Ladn thin himself, 
NUid 00 Greek. At tfais itrhtxA hi- ucta- 
ikUy teught cbe Unber, n-bnm h« afrer- 
Iwu^ met in life as a Dr. of l>irinity, 
|l«tin* Mr. Douce held for some time 
. lituatiGn under his father in the Six 
I^Oerks' OCce; but not tK-ing able to rc- 
■ himself to the rootine of the of- 
', and to the practices which then ob- 
lined there, he left it in diis^ist. He 
Ibad BODiL* time bcfurt- (quitted his pRtermd 
Iroof, and liad taki'ii ciiunibcrw in (iray't^ 
lion, where be resided until his marriage 
fia 1799. This event did not incresK bis 
■lipine^ though on his port it wa£ a 
■tot of atfertion ; some pcculiaritiLii of 
•|»Mibon in the partner of biir choice 
fOfcOMionaLly embittered his hfe, and thent 
eirriMnstanrps fonneried witli big 
I which hail a liaiipful ULlltu>iiLV iipou 
( |Maoe even to tiie close of his life. 
■ bis naninge be purcbiMd a hous-e 
iirer-atreet, and tbooeh bis meaiu 
nleDdef} be n-as cnablM by ecunumy 
> live in a geiuce) style, and to indulge 
' I lore for Iraoks, prints, and coiiis. Air. 
!e waa £or Kome time one of the C»- 
I of tbo British Miisfum, *a keeper 
' tbe Mai n tscri pU ; but his indepeodcnt 
oanld wit bnok the pcapDndcal 
Sneoee of tmt of die Trustees, who 
I bat UI*cBlciilaled to judRc uf bis pi> 
r fitness far tbc oflm lie bad unde^. 
en, and he resi^wd hli Hituatiora. The 
ye»B of the war, snd the consequent 
•cof taxation, pressed heavily opon 
1 nen of limited incoooch ibA Bif* Douce 
na At of irrilatioTi disposed of his house 



hi ((owcr-strret. a metsure wbieb belong 
repented, for it ^vaa some lime before ho 
was afain nettled in a suitable habitatioiiy 
sod removal with his accumulat<~-d trua. 
sures nasabitter intiictiiHi. Huat lengib 
foimda boutsc in Churluttc-str^er, Purt- 
knd>f>laee, M'hicb suited bim, and here bo 
rmiid^ fur some ycurs until tbe altera- 
tions in tbe ncigbbourlKiod made bis po«- 
tidn one of 1cm ciuiet than it bad hitherto 
been, snd he then removed to Kcniiit^on- 
sq\tire. 

Uis fiithet diadin 1799, and h« had tbc 
griff to lose his dear and aJTectiooate 
mother at the ck»« of the sunie year. 
The coadtu^t of his elder brothiir upuu 
lliat occasion, eiitniiiged liiro from tbta 
pan of bis family. He inis|iwrted that it 
was owing lo his brother'^ influence with 
hit htber tbat bis own portion wis to 
small ; for. though bis father, conscious of 
his honourable integrity, bad judged pro- 
per to make him guardian to a youngct 
brother, be bad lef^ 1dm a moch less pro- 
vision- His elder brotlier, to his great 
surpriw,had contrived to monopolizu two. 
thirds of the paternal estate. When he 
was asked whether the desire of found- 
in;; a family, or consideiatkias of bis own 
prospects and positiini in life, might not 
have intlucnced bin father, he said — " No, 
I owed it to the misrcprcsentutions c^ 
my brother, who used to my that it was 
of no u-«c to leave me money, for I sboold 
waate it in books." His commnnication 
with his fiunily ma in ronseciuenrc very 
nse, and Us visits to Town Mailing but 
few; tbe habits of tbL- bmily were, be 
«aid, uncoi^cnisl, and entirely different 
from bis own^ and hence eventually ame 
tl)c dJAsppointineot they must bar* suf- 
fered in the tostatnentvy disposition of 
his propcTty. Whh Ui bntfcor William 
and bis tdsteiv who wen settled at Bath, 
beluidraorecommutiieution; bntthsdis- 
tanee which »tparated them, bin dis- 
iitrliiHtLion to leave home, and his dialik« 
of watering- places, prevented him from 
seeing them often. 

One of Mr. Douce's carlicfit litemry 
friends was Mr. John Bayves, who died 
nt the prematarc ugcof 30,in 17d7,wbom 
he aln-ays mentioucd with deep regret, 
and among others of this class witb 
vrhom he kept up a friendly intiTCOurso^ 
were the Rev. Mr. Soiitlipilc, on*- of the 
Libtarians of tbe Britisb Miiscuoi : Or. 
Farmer, Mr. Ctachcrodc, hlr. Stratty 
wboui he gn-atly assisted in his curious 
pubUcaticin.% Sir John Uawkioi, the 
Rev. Kiciiard Hole, Mr. C'baiics and 
Air. JuIiQ Townclcy, >Ir. LumiHleii, Mr. 
Barry the painter, Mr. Crsven Ord, and 
Mr. Hiaod. To ibclaxunamcdhc uas ex- 
ceedingly attichcvLf ani V\\cat tt»(Siis» \ifc- 



J 




OaiTUAnr. — FroncxB Douce, Etq. PS*A. 



[Atir- 



ing in the same direction, cemented this 
anion; with llwt truly umiablc and ex- 
ceUent kmui, Mr. Bindley, Air. Douee 
llTcd in habits of intiumtc frii-udflhip, uid 
med to ptn one evenincin the week H-itb 
him for many yeftr«. He wwaUo \n coe- 
mpondencc with tnoirt of the diatin- 
guisbed literary men of his time, among 
whom he atwa)'« mentioned with pleading 
reeoUcetion*, J>r. Boddoen, Dr. Willan, 
and Mr. Cooimt Wallcpr, of St V'aleri. 
Wirh (ieorge Stepvcns be wm for some 
years intimate, but that eccentric genius 
ceawd to %'iiiit him soon aftrr bin mar- 
riage, for it was one of bin pecultariticfl 
to cut all bis Be<{uaintance when tbey be* 
cane Benedicts. 

Tbeirfiret meeting vras at White's tbe 
Bookseller's shop in l-1eet -street. Just 
about the time of^ the fconx played off by 
Steevens umin 'S\t. (lUUgb, by staining 
and corrodiiifr a piece of marble, nnd 
cnrvingupcin it ninne letters memblijig the 
nameof H.ARDIKNVTE. This mar- 
ble he pent to a cutler's shop, over Black- 
friars Bridge, where it caught Mr. 
Gough's eye, who purchased it and wrote 
a Dissertation, or eaused l>r. P^ge to 
mite a Dissertation eonoeming it- Upon 
bis first meeting with Mr. Douce, ' the 
Puck of t^Jmrai-'ntatoni' led the eonver- 
lation to the •inb^ecf uf Shnkwpoare, aiid 
tnM Mr. Doiire thnt he was pmjeeiing a 
new edition. Haying, " I doubt not you bare 
some obncrvKtiurai you can give me, fur 
I lay every one under roniribulion." Mr. 
Douce acknowledgrd that he bad made 
ttomc reniarkii on bin faraiiritc author, 
but modeHtiy addin] they nerp not worth 
Mr. Slecvonx'fl notice. Atlrngtb, how- 
ever, be consented tneommimiratc (hem, 
and Ste«Ten4 railed on him the next morn- 
ing, and rweivcd them from him. From 
tfalt period for three or four years he jiaid 
Mr. Douce a visit every miiming at bin 
chambcrsatdo'clork. ■ta)ing till EO. Mr. 
Douce wax used to i>peak of his inter- 
eovrae with Steevrns with great pleasure ; 
be vru delighted with his gentlemanly 
manners, his wit, and command of lan- 
guage, which gave great zetA to hi* eon- 
vcrsatioa. with another 4;<Mnm«nUtor 
•n 'Sbaka^ev*, the er<-cntiic and unfor- 
lumte RJtloiif Mr. Douce was also upon 
intimatt^ tflma, and was one of the very 
few pervons rlnted by him. 

Mr. Douce to the but lived in habits 
of friendly intercourse with Mr. Mabme, 
Mr. Park, Mr. Weston, Mr. (Jeorge 
mKMr.D'Uraeli, Mr. Sidney Hawkins, 
Mr. WUbtabam^Dr. Dibdin, Mr. Ham- 
par, sad KMUif other di!itiiigiiinh{-d p*.-r«ons 
•f Utafify heUta. Hi« collections and 
Us ricbjy Btond mind, were opened to all 



who cultivated the etudj of Antundtiab 
with a lilwrality never exceeded, wd 

rarely eriualled, and no one everaprpliel 
to bim for assistance in rain. With tbe 
distinguished Urieotalists, Sir George 
Staunton and Sir William Uuseley, Mx. 
Douce was in constant liabiu of ioter- 
eouTHe, and a bust uf younger UlCfwr 
frieiidpt, among whom may be mentiooea 
Sir Henry Ellis, Sir Franrit Palgrare, 
Mr. Utterson, Mr. Markland, Mr. Ottley, 
Sir Frederick Madden, Air. tiage, Mr. 
Singer, Mr. Payne Collier, and, in short* 
all who cultirated the study of Antiquily 
either in Literature or Art. 

He wan aim in rorrcaipondenre with 
several distinpiiahed foreign Antiquaries, 
among whom n may be ^utheient to men- 
tion bis old friend the Abbi^ dc la Rue, 
Momneur Raynouard, Monsieur Millao, 
and tbe Abb^ Tersan. Pinkerton, tbe 
Scottish Anitiiuary, when be first 
came Co London ait u literaiy adrentnnn', 
found means to be introduced to Mr. 
Douce through Mr. Craven Ord, at 
whose bouse be first met him, and to 
wbom be had paaacd htnisclf off as a niu 
tlcman of fortune, who had a fiiir collec- 
tion of medala. Pinkerton was arrayed 
in a suit of clothes whirh hod been tbe 
mode many years before in Enghind, 
itnd, perhajiN, wiut istill in Scotland:—* 
Uced corked hat, and a scarlet waistcoat 
uith broad gold lace, .^fter looldngover 
Mr. Ord's very fine mlliM-ticm of medals, 
a drawer was produced in which that 
gentleman bad placed a number of dupU- 
(»te coins, and he very politely said— 
" Mr. Pinkerton, ns you have a fine coU 
lection, it is baldly probable that there 
is anything among these that may be ac- 
ceptable to you, but if tberv are an* of 
them you have not, they are very mucn at 
vour service ; when, to tbe surprise of 
his host and rII present, Pinkerton laid 
his gra.«p upon the dnwer and emptied 
tbe contenu into his pockets, saying, 
" I thank you, I'll e'en tak 'cm aw.*' 
It afterwards appeared that his boasted 
collection was toe merest nibbish. Mr. 
Douce WH.1 indulgently kind to this iiii> 
provideut though ingenious man ; and had, 
on more than one occasion, b«*cn nearly 
embroiled by him in his quarrel* i\itn 
Ritson, to whom he hud rendervd him- 
self obnoxious by fitreslHlling liim of iwunc 
of his materials for liis eotlection of An- 
tient Poetry. He passed tbe latter yean 
life in Pans, with engagemoits 



of hi* 



from Messn. Longman and 1^, for 
whom be bad been extensively employed 
as a Itienrjr eooiBUcr. 

Mr. DDiiee*s love of art bad induced 
him to cultivate tbe acquaintance of Ar- 



I 
I 

I 




1834.] 



Obituaiiy.— Frajicw Douce, Esq. F.S.A. 



215 



, Ibts of eminence, tu ivhoin hU eotlectJom 
' vnil hit richlv-Htori.^ mind were alike 
open upon ul octmsioni; the veterun 
Stotbard would often tay that he had 
greatly benefited by them upon maiiy 
occaxionf. Tbis lej to hi^ nctiiiuiitance 
with Mr. NoUckens, an event wbich 
bad so much influence upon the latter 
|nrtdf his lire; an event wbich. though 
It increased bis fortune, am he umrccly 
Kud la have essentially incnsscd lus bup- 
piness. As muc^ mi»riiirL'itentation has 
(fone forth to the world npon this siibjMt, 
the following account of the circuni- 
stmiMMc attendant upon tt may not be 
here miiplaced:— Mr. NoJkkens had eo< 
licited Mr. Douce to be one of hli execu- 
torn, to which be demurred, consdous of 
the trouble attendant upoa the office; 
but bein^ Assured by Mr. Nollekeiu that 
it was bJ9 intention to relieve him from 
the onerous part of the charge by joining 
otbere with him, lobe oanicd by himBelf; 
he at length consented upon tbe»e condi- 
tioHH, and hugKeRted the imniiea of Sir 
William Beechey and Mr. Smitbt who 
were conseqin-ruly afiiiointed. To these 
co-executors Mr. Nyliclccim bad only left 
a legacy of lOU/. each for their trouble, 
and it waa with dilficulty that he vraa pre- 
Tailed upon by Mr. Douce to increase it 
to double the dum. Smith, it should be 
observed, wtn under coiuidentble obligft- 
tioiiK (o Mr. Dmice, as he mainly owed 
bis appointment as Keeper of the Prints 
in the nritish Museum to hiii rccom- 
mcDdadon and intlueace. Mr. Douce, 
when be accepted the office of executor 
to Mr. NoUekenu knew notlune further of 
the contentii of bis will than tliat be wais 
to have a logacy of MOi. Upon Mr. 
Nollekem' death, when the will was read, 
Mr. Smith and Sir William Beechey 
tnanifcftted ^ent disappaintmi^nt, aijd a 
Chancery »uii "■a-i ift«titutcd,whieh servtd 
ao other puiposc than to vex aiid harass 
the residuioy legatees. Mr. Douce's 
. health at this time ^vc way, and it may 

be doubtful whether his mind ever reco- 
rered its lone ; for the vcxationi) of a pro- 
traeted Ruittsnd the unfounded aspenuons 
upon his character atind conduct on this uc- 
cauon, actinft upon a temperaoacnt ex. 
treraely irritable, and one ko aetitdtivt'ly 
alive to the nicest sense of honoumble 

trunduct, and whose course through life 
iMd In'Vii uiiiinpeftehed and unimpeach- 
able, induced a F>talc of mind wlucb to 
bis friends was tiomctimcs truly alunniiig. 
Smith lived to express bin contrition for 
his conduct [ but to Mr. Douce this was 
but Bpoof cotnpenMtion, Toone whose 
babitti wvn hQ entirely fixed, an increaite 
of means upon iiuebcunditionft was hardly 
desirable; it afforded him, it is true. 



I 



faeiiitica of indulging in the enrichment 
of his collections, and, wluit ^ras more 
grateful tu bin feeling heart, the |iower of 
doing good ; there are many living wit- 
nesses that this power was not bestowed 
in \-iiin. 

For one who lived so entirely a Uieriry 
life, Mr. Doucc's publiMhed works maj 
seem but very few and xlcndcr: they 
consist only of the " Jltustnuions ot' 
Shaksjicare and Ancient Manners," in 
S voU. 8vo. a work which, though it 
was i^i7.ed upon at the time of nublieatiofi 
by a leading journal as a vehicle for in 
attaek upon the votaries of the iJlaek 
Letter, has received the raced of univer- 
sal applause. '* A Disserrarion upon the 
series of beautiful designs knmvn by thi; 
title of the Dance of UeRlh," which em* 
hracett much curious information on the 
subject of early pngraTing,&c. Some in- 
teresting papers in the Arcbteologia; and 
many communications to the (rentleniaA's 
Magazine, ot wbich publicatioa, Ulw 
Mr. Gough and other eminent Anti(|in- 
ries, Mr. Douce was » fretjumit rorres- 

tiondcnt. But if nil that Mr. Douce 
105 contributed to the iltustrution of Idtr- 
ranire and ait, through the medium of 
others, was fairly before the world, a more 
ju»t estimate of the rich stor«> of anta- 
quarian knowledge ssitb which his mind 
waa fraught, mignt be formed. 

It ia to be regretted that the dis- 
gust he conceived at the wanton and 
unmerited uEtack made upon his first 
publication, should ha^'c influenced him 
to publish no more, and it ia still more 
to be lamented that it should have led to 
the HL-oUiig Up of his iitcrary rcmainii 
until ibc dotte of the present century. 
liis coUectiuns and common-place books 
upon the subject of the History of Arts, 
Mooineni, CluHtonis, Superstitions, Fic- 
tions, Popular Sports, and Games ol 
Antient Times, will afford a rich mine 
to the anticjuaries of a future age. His 
reading was immense; he lived in bis 
library, and u» be rend s}>tematically and 
with the pen in his hand, it may be 
imsginerl that in the course of a long life , 
bis Ms. rollertions would be extenstvo 
and veltuble. It im true that he was easy 
of access and most kindly communicative 
of hii knowledge, and there arc few of his 
eontcrnporaries devoted to thn studr of 
jmli'juitlestinfiuntii'nt philology whuttuve 
not pri>titcd by his cxjierience, bis aug*- 
gestions, and advice. 

In manners Mr. Dmice was a perfect 
gentleman of the old school; a little re- 
served on first acquaintance ; but when 
this was passed, easy, aflable, and kind, 
and no one could be more alive to the 
cotDiDon courtesiu q( Ule ^k\^u^ <im^ 



I 
I 




Obituaby. — Frtams Douce^ ^9- F.S.A. 



CAi#' 



intercourse nprffealile. He was jiassion- 
alfly foiiJ of music, ami waft well uc- 
quunU-4 will) the works of Hjindel, Cor- 
reili, v)d tb« great cornpowrti of Uie lust 
century. He h»d also m ewly life becD 
a Toxopbilite and an Angler, and re- 
tuuittd to tbe but a love of tbo latter 
upon, which he *omcdmci practised in 
hia aimuKl nsite to tbr country, which 
aUo afforded him facilities for the study 
of Entomoiopy, in which he toolc much 
pldwurc. He vrae, however, so wedded 
to bii home, that his excursions were 
never of long duration. His (i-rnpi-m- 
n>«it was constitutionally irritabk, and 
tbertt were sornu subjects which when 
ipuched upon excited him cttremcly. 
He bad hfcn naturally of an unsu»- 
pidous temi*r ; but, a* be CKprcwed 
It, "bad been the victim of mystery, con. 
cealment, and guile, where be could least 
biivw looked tor it ; " Uiis tcnd«*d to make 
bim in bOcr yeani )?ufcpieiou« of the mo- 
tives of mankind, but bis constant and 
onvsriaUe attachment to Ihoae whom he 
bad once admitted iatu the circle of his 
friendi, make* it surprising lliat any one 
could ever have characltriaed him as 
capricious in lii» friendships. His health 
through life luul \kcii Rood, with the ex- 
flstiuti of one mivere and protmcted 
ta^pooition while at Kensington in 
IftM, and tbia was induced by circum- 
stances acting on his highly Kiiaitive 
mind, aad was probably more meutal than 
bodily. He vtim unfortunalely averse to 
medical advice, though not, to nudical men, 
many of whom hv nuoabcred among bis 
frienda. His la&t iilneKs was short but 
serertf, and from bis itnpatienee under 
medical dtxcipluie he bordlv gave himself 
a chance of recmcry. He expired on 
Sunday March ibe 3lAb, in the 77th year 
of fai» age. 

The idle reports which ha\-c arculated 
rcspcctiug ilr, Douce'slcstamentBrjf di». 
position of hi* pmiwrty, make it desirable 
that on authentic copy of his will abould 
be appended lo this memoir. The noble 
be<|ue6l of his very curious and valuable 
Ltbiarr, his print^,dn»wing^ and medals, 
and coins to the Uodliiari Libniry, will 
be duly aiiprcciuted. The reception he 
met wiih fium l>r. Bandmel* when on a 
visit there with hi* friend Mr. D'Israeli 
in 1»30, led to this beqnesU Hi* will 
uttK made iiniuediutely after that evenU 
Hi» very curious J^lu>ctiin illutifratin! uf 
tb« arts and naiint-f* of the middle ages, 
W bMluwdhed to Vt. Meynck. to who»c 
iMutfiw RUtfuion of Guudricb Court be 
bad alto paid a visit nut \ong Ufore in 
ruHpjwny with bis friend Mr. Carltale. 
TW geatlemen to whom he Ivft tb« rc^ 
«id|ie of bia property were old uid tried 
13 



frie»d.i. Tlie Kcv. Mr. fjoddard, to 
whuui he waa warmly attaclied, liad been 
known to him from his jrouth. and Mr, 
Singer had lived in baUts of intimate 
friendebip wtb him for upwards of twenty 
years. Air. Walker. hi£ executor, was titt 
son of ouc Mr. Dooce'a oldest Cneitds, — 
a friend of 6fty years standing, wboM 
death be deplored, and ttvuferred Ua 
friendship tabi» son. 

Cojnfofthe WUL 
This is the last Will and Testament of 
Franda Douc^ of Upper Gower Street, 
Bedford Square. I give to Sir Anthony 
Carlitile two hundred pwunda, requesting 
him either to sever my head or eztrmcl 
the bean from my body, »o a.H to prevent 
any pOMiliility of the return of vitality. 
I ^vc to the Keveniid B)dward lioddard 
of Pagliam and £artbani, and lo WiUiani 
Weller Singer, Secretary to the Travel- 
lers' Club, live hundred pounds each, to 
bo pai<.^ them immediately. 1 cive to t^ 
KevcTond Thomas >'rognal 0ibdin five 
hmidred poundn. — I give to Kraucia Pal- 
grave five hundred pounds. — I give to ray 
nepbmv Tltumiu Augustus Duure Iwv 
thousand iwunds, — I give lo my nephew 
Wiltiani llouce one thounand pouodi.— ■ 
I give lo my nephew Henry Douce of 
Bath ouc thuunoiid pounds. — 1 give my 
ground rcuts m ijralton aud i^crtionl 
atrcct or elM;wbere, to Lawrence Walker, 
Ksq. of Arg^-le Siri-v't. I give to Jamea 
ChnAtic, L'(U|.of King'sStreet, St. JameaX 
one hundred pounds. — I give to Mr. 
r>ngley, of Karl's Court, itromptOO, ooc 
hundred potuids. — 1 leave my Library of 
printed booka, my coUeciion of priuts and 
drawings, my illuiuinau-d maimscripn^ 
and all my oUicr tMwks and manuscripti^ 
(except tbuM: hereafter more particularly 
mentioned) ; and ray coUercion of coin 
and medals, with their cabinets, to tbc 
JJodleian Library at Oxford. In pur- 
suance of the requ^f t of Mr. NoUekens, 
I leave to the XlntifJi Museum ibe birge 
volume of the uorks of Albert Uorer, 
which he uo kindly bequeathed to me^ 
and ] also leave (u the Brilish Miueimi 
my largt; volumra and unbound rolls of 
impresnons from monumental bruset, 
uiid mv comuitiited lopies of the block' 
bend Whititker'a Hiatury of 51aiichM> 
ter, aitd his Curnwull Cathedral. I dve 
to the gold prixc medal obtained at 

Komc by Mr. Mollekens, which I always 
regaided as one of the be«t Ufkena of fala 
esteem aiid alTection. I give all my fa- 
mily pictures to my nephew Thntnas A ifc- 
guatu iiouce. I give my beautiful pM> 
lure of the Annunciation of the Vircia, 
to Henrjr Fctiir. Ksq. 1 give Iv RidUk 
U* CWbale, fsq- one hundred n 
and the iiloe SMn to Ui>. liiglua^' 



1 



I 



I 



1884.1 



OaiTVAKY.'-'Rev. Wifiiam Milh, B. D. 



A\n^m. 1 pivp to Mf«r»=. Klli*. Oiihtrr. 
and Kiinij:, ol tltD Ftritisli Mtiftemn, Bfty 
pounds ftarli. I give to ThiMims Hotid, 
one litinilrcd pminr!*, nnd to his lirotber 
iionc«, fifty ptnmrtfi. 1 (livi- \u Mr. 
Enns of Pull Mall, fifty |«mii(l«, and to 
Mr. Sotkcbv of Wftllinjrtoii Street tbe 
like sum. 1 pvp to WiUinm Harop<.T 
Eii^ of Birmir)Kh:ini, fifty pounds I 
give to Mrs. Phipps. iht' truly amiable 
sister of niylni-nd (Jnddard, fifty pound*, 
aiid tin? like sum to Mre. Smitli uie wHa 
of CapUin Smith of JVottiridiani or Nor- 
Awnpton, in rempmhmiire of the jilea^fure 
I ahrays exjicriencLHl in h«r sopjt'ty when 
»t Kciisiiigtuii. I rive rings of live cui- 
»i«M »-aluL' to Iwac iVIsraeli, Esq.. John 
Sidney Hawlcinn, E«f]„ Adair Ilawkitut, 
Ksq., — Halscwcll, Es*|. of Uroinp- 
ton, (Jeorporiimborland.Esq., Dr. IJissct 
Hawkins, the Ityv. Mr. Pbippsof ScUon, 
John fWm.] VomiK Ottley, Kbi|. Robert 
Ray, iOsc)., Sir Williftiii (Imelry. IMhsou 
Tumer, Efiq. William Ri-ntlmm. Esq. Ur, 
Mcyrick, LluwtfUyri Meyrirk, Esq.. Mr. 
Platirh^ Sir John ttarr. Ur. Kiobard- 
■on. Mr. Uttcraon. I pivc to my excel- 
lent friend, tbc Rev. Edivard Ooddard, 
my ([rand piano-furtr. I circ to I.' fi'Is. 
racli, Est]., my two lun^e pictures by Miss 
Sfa&rplcB. 1 give to Ur. Mryriek all my 
Ctn'ings in ivory or other materiBU, ro< 
getlier with my miBrellnneou*: t-uriositieji 
of every dt'*cri]itiori, incliidinf; (Jivek, 

»^man, Et'yplian, olid Oriental anti- 
ttuitJeff or other article]*, exi-ept such 
■nicies specifically bequeathed in tbis 
will that may eomo under the nbovc de- 
nomination, in the fiilli>Nt confidence that 
he ^^■ill think it worth while to devote 
some r;mnll npnrtmont in bi^ noble man- 
non of Goodrich Court to tbcir reception, 
either a« a pr&iierit museum, or aa. ihc 
foundAtion of a niori.' extensivH oni'. I 
desire my exwnilor to rolle<'t together 
all my telti'is uid curn'Kjiutidence, all 
my private m.nTiuwript», nnd unfinished 
or e^-cti finished en^iys or intended work 
or works, mcmunindum books eepccioUy 
8iich as are marked in tbe inside uf tlieit 
covers with a red cros^, with the excep- 
tion only of fiuch urticleji a.* be may think 
proper lo destroy, as my diaries or othet 
articles of a mnrely priintf itature, nnd Ifi 
put thi-m into a f^tronc box. lo be st-aled up, 
nitlioiJtlocltorkcy, nndnilbatjras^jilate, 
inacriljed " Mr. Doucl-'s papers to be 

SKiicd OM the 1st. of January 19U(t,"and 
crir to deposit this box in the British 
Museum, or, if the Trujrtees should de- 
fine rectiviii^ it, 1 then winh it to remain 
witb the other tbinga bequeathed to tbe 
Bodleian Librarj'- And lastly, I give 
and bequeath nil tW residue of my pro- 
petty to tlie Uev. Edwnrd Uoddard and 
Gent, Mao. Vol. U. 



217 



William Wellrr Sinper, Esq , my tntly 
kind and excellent friends, to be equally 
divided Iwt^veeii them. And I appoint 
my worthy friend, I^wrence Walker, Esq. 
of Arjirjle-fltreet, abovL--naraed, t-i lie iny 
sole exocHlof ; and for his trouble J ilvntM 
him to ai'cppT. in addition to whnr T Imvs 
alrcikdy ^ven him, the sum uf out* tliou- 
MUid Jive hundred pounds. Witneos my 
luuid tbis HA day of August 1830. 

Fa.\Ncis DorcK. 
I had stranpely forgot to leave 50(W. to 
my beloved Mni. Salter, for her sule aitd 
separate use. ] also give 10^. to my scrt ant, 
William Scoataf^ if he be with me at the 
lime of my dccuse, and 30JL curb to my 
two female Bcrvantu at present with mc. 

The property was sworn to be under 
80,000^ 



Kev. Wu.uam Mills, B.D. 

J/fly 8. At Mndeini. whither be )ind 
jronc for the recovery of his bcaltb, tbe 
Hev. William Mills B.D. EcUow of 
Mfl^dsli-ii <'ollcge, Oxfoitl. and lute I'm- 
I'esHor uf .Moral Jr'bilosophy in that L'ui- 
vermty. 

He rreeii-cd a part of blH eaKy educa- 
tion undi>r the lliiv. 1>. EHerton, nt 
Mngdaien School, and waa elected Demy 
in IHin. After pausing a brilliiint t'X- 
amination in the KcbooU, and olrtnining 
his degree of li.A., he continued fur se- 
vend ye«r« b> tutor iu the family of 
(Jenervl Sir Alexander Hope, with wiiom 
be resided at Drendcn and at Horcncet 
and acquired durini^ bin atnr in these 
cftpitaU a grcnt eomroand of the German 
and Italian languages. Uc oftenvarda 
resided, until a f^hort time before bis 
death, principally at Uxfonl, and, durin^t 
tbe latter iMirtton of the time, held the 
officH of College Tutor. Is him the 
University hat ».u»>tHined the loss of wie 
of itA bri|;hte»it ornaments— a mim who 
roocilinted the rt-^rd of all that knew 
him, by the <iitfilities of the henrt no lew 
than of the heeid; and 'who> in tbe capa- 
city, whether of Public Examiner, of Se- 
lect PreacliL'r, or of Professor, displayed 
laientA of a high order, and Am'h ac are 
tint mrely Hci^n uiiitt^^iL An elegant and 
correct M-liolur, in the ordinary accepta- 
lion of that tcnn, he evinced likewise an 
cxteiitiive acipiaiiitanee with tbe languwcs 
Olid liierutuTc of modem Eurgpc. with 
a mind suffiiricuUy subtle tu reLiMb and to 
uf^rehend the rtrfiiied investigation % of 
the Grecian and Gcrrosn nietapliyMeiaiis, 
he powte^ed tbe {Knveruf rendtiriiiit them 
clear and altrHctive lo otlirnt, by the 
charms uf a luminotn and polished ntylt^ ; 
retaining a due reniect and pn-fcrence foe 



\ 



I 
i 



218 



Obituary. — C/wijy. 




cttabliclwl o|>tiMon!i, he &he^vt>i:t liimtielf 
nndid atid disrriminftdng in his uppreci- 
ition of those which were novel. Sucb 
were bis ckinu to the n-ganl and esteem 
of the University at Urpc; but by the 
inrUt'idiudii af liie onii culk-gc his loatt is 
still more di^eply deplore^!. The juDior 
portion of tW Society bu, by his death, 
been deprivi-d of an infttnictur, endeared 
10 them by the amenity of his manners, 
■nd both willing and able to lead tb«m 
forward in the pachs of sound lenminf^; 
whilfit tlic older member!! have to lament 
tbe IcHis of a friend, whtue HOiiiid and 
Hcutc intelltrl nii(;Iit be u|i]>c<iled (o on 
graver orca!>inni<, and nhcwc vnriouii ac- 
complish mectts wrv'cd to enliven and di- 
versify the daily intercourse of life — of 
one whoae pietv, iintinged either with 
funalictsni or cxelufiivcness supplied them 
with a mudet tor imitation, and whoftc 
kindly feelmEs aud liberal views extended 
their genial mlluence over tire ritric in 
which be moved, and n^llected a lufilre 
upon the Soriety to which be Iwlonjred. 
Ilis only publications are, an able Dis^ 
Quiution on the notions nf the Jews and 
UcAthcDS respectinf; a future state i and 
a Sermon preached in the pulpit of St, 
AIar)'*.s immediately alter tbo meeting of 
the Briliiih Association in IH30, entitled 
" Qiristian Humility u opposed to the 
Pride of SHence," which wna printed at 
tbe tntpfe*5 desire of •ome of the lettding 
memlrers of the Assodatioii. 

It b to be hoped, however, that his 
LevtUTV* ofi Moral Pliilo<ujphy will not 
be altOKCtlier lokt to the I'utilic. hot may 
IDMt with some competent Kditor. 



CLKBOY DECEASED. 

Marfh 'H. At Riiislip. Middlr^eY, 
Ugei 70. ikie Rev. IMuitl f'arlfr Lra-it, 
Virar of tbut parish and of Nei;\'in(i;toD in 
Kent, Terpetual Curate of Colnbrook. 
Bucks, and the Kiiior Minor Canon of 
WindNor. He w*» of Pembroke eolle|;e, 
Oxford, M.A. 1767, was presented to 
Colnbrookin 17SHI.ythal Society; be- 
CUUa &Iinur Canon of Windsor in IT&l; 
tnupreaentcd to RuiMip in 1797 by the 
Dean and Canons of that churelr; and to 
Newingtun in iWh by the Provott and 
Fellow* of Klon Cnllege. His body 
waa interred tu KuiiUp ehurrh on the 
27tk of Marrh. 

^frU 17. At Market Overton, Rut- 
land, aged tS, the Rev. JfJ>» Haf>kinion, 
for Si years Rector of (hat cbtircb (in 
(he natronagc of John Winklicid, e>q. of 
Tiaineote) and for M yearn Kcctor of 
Olaltoii cum Holme in the county of 
HuBlingdoa (on lua own preunitaliun). 
Ua WW tbe only luntvin^ hmi ot Ji4in 




Hupkinson, eitq- of BiirtiHi Cogidt* in 
Lineoiiishire, who served the office of 
Hiffh Sheriff of thntcountvinJTOfl. He 
was formerly Fellow of Clare ball) Cam- 
liridgr, wliere he jipiiduatcd B. A. 1773 aa 
lOtk Junior <Jptime. M.A. 1776. Mr, 
Hopkinaon M>fi a truly venerable and 
good man. He haa loft to the Minister 
and ChurchwardtTft of Market Overton 
VIK)/. to Holme the same sum, and to 
iilatton lour for the better puwinj; and 
repaiiinf; ihe respective r-iiurfheii lur lli« 
aecomEnodation of the parishionera ; ah» 
2501. amuuK the jioor of those pari^w* 
next Christuiaa. 

.-iprttSS. At West Kilbride, the Kev. 
U'Ultam yestie, Miniifter of (hat parit>h, in 
the 67th year of his age, and the S3d of 
his minifltry.. 

J/rtv 3. At Stow Bardolph, Norfolk, 
aged 83, the Rev. P/iHip ttell. for fifty- 
three years ^''iea^ of that parish, and 
Keetor of WinibotHhani. He woa for- 
merly Fellow of Cuius college, Cam- 
bridge! when) he graduated B.A. 1774, 
M.A. 1777; and wa» pre'»ented (o hit 
united livings in 1779 by Mrs. Moor. 

Mail \2. At Botley, Hants, aged »0, 
the Rev. Jamct Scott Baker, M.A. late 
uf Sidney Su.>'tieX(»ll. l'«mb. tieeond «on 
of the Rev, Richard Baker, M.A. Rector 
of Bulley. He vviutfor«ome lime Curate 
of North Wahiham, Norfulk, nnd after- 
wards of Staines where he seced«>d trom 
the Established Church. Al$o died. 
shortly before, at Botley, need 3^ tbe 
Rev. Tlinmai Stvtt /laker, M.A. ddcc 
brother of the preceding. 

<Vavl3. At Montn-al, I^owcr Cniuda, 
aged ifi, the Rev. Wrooit- Uridgrt Stnxmt, 
Chaplain to hi!) MAJeoty** I-orre*, and 
Lecturer of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church at that pince. He wi« of Jeatu 
coll. Camb. B.A. IH13, M.A. ISI7. 

May 14. At Highlands, near Taun- 
ton, aged .77, the Rev. H'uhard AVunria 
fhtkll, late MoAter of the i'uui4un CoU 
lege Seboul. 

DEATHS. 

London and rrs ViaNrrr. 

ytprii K Capt. Jamea Turuer, life 
loth Royal Vet. bnttaUon. 

^prif 11. Aged 43, Lieut. VT. Rich- 
ards. R.N. 

.Iprit 2t), At Cbelsea, aped ff?, C«ip!. 
Jtimn Wnght, late of the tjlli R. Vrt, 
batt. father of the bruve but nnlortiinatp 
(^mm. John Wesley Wnghl, K.N. who 
M*as barbarously put to deatii at the Tem- 
ple in Pari»,in 18(H. 

Map 17. At Dcplford, Licat. Wm, 
C^ickoaft. R.N. a sanivorot* HodiMry'ii 
brilliant action. 



I 



I 



115in 



Jmhc 16. T. Wyl<lc,«^r). of St. Mac- 
Lret^-hUl, Southwork. 
June IB. At lirompton, aged 9, Joho- 
! Frowd, eMest son of tb« Kev. W. W. 
Pbcli»,or Uaitoiv. 

^aiM "^4. In Berkeley-square, ag«d 9^ 
Prftjods- Cbeyuv- Bowles ^^ Mti of Cbat. 
Vjiarc, «q. 

June 80. W. Dnuuley, esq. of Utd- 
Ofd-mw, Bnd Ucrabiun cutlugc, K&Lcr. 
June 28. Agfd ak, A. Clugvton, e»q. 
St. Hplcii'a-place. 

SO, AKod Srj. Simtiti Wilde, 
of iNpw HiJace->*nrd, Deputy* and 
(Ct Clerk to Karl lliithiir^t, one of cbe 
] Four Tellers of hia JWajesty'a Kcccipt of 
(£u;heqiH-r. 

In Oro»iTi'nor.[i]. agtd 6, WiUium, eld. 

'«on of Col. the Hon. H. B. Lygoit, 

erandwo of Eurl ncauchaiiip ana the 

Emrl uf St. German's. 

Jviy I. Aged 7H, Catherine nife of 

Warreii, qw\., of Cliurioitc-st. Bed- 

L 8.% Imuic Smiib. esrj., of Osni- 
latemicc, R**gt'iit' » Park. 

8. In Chariot le-Bt. Berkeley -*q. 

J Mbs Eliza Mouiitngue, dau. of 

ate Ralph Moiintitt^ue, c»q. 

JhIu id. At Sydtiihiiin, a^cd ^4, C. 

Huyc^ cKq. uf ('lare Hull, Cam- 

ridge. 

JtU^ II. At Ham Houite, HgtKl M, 

-ady l^ura Tolleinwbe, only aurviving 

nugbter of the Connic«s uf Uyaart tuid 

hv Utu J. Manners, esq. eldest twn of 

liLord W. AlaiincrN. Sbe was inami'd 

|JuD« 3, ]8Ue, to J, W. H. Uulnmple, 

|.ceq. now Earl of Stair: IntlbcinurriiKf 

wasdeclar«d void in tlie following year, 

in oonsef|iicnce of u preWoua ScotisU cof»- 

tnct ot Uie gentleman with anotbf r liidy. 

Jtilu X'i. At Great Georgc-^t. aged 

Bl, AlenuidM Copltind, esq. of Gun. 

ibtuy-pnrk. Thib beiic\'oleut (rentle. 

JTpuui had aniuired a liirgi; fiirtune as a 

f'^Uder. He \vaa buried at Sc Martin's 

in the Helds. 

At Hatrkney, aged 77, jVlice, widow of 
' 8. Lcwin, cKq. 

i fn the Albany, LieuL-Col. David 
' Wilson, of E. I. Co.'.i Bcrvice. 

Jnly la At CJrrut Siirrey-st. Black- 
friars-rood, aged 77, C. HoleliouBC, esq. 

In Harloy-st. inhis I3tb yiMr, the Hun, 
Lionel- Pbtijp Tbonrns-Heury Sydney- 
■iSmylh, Moond aon of Lord ViscounL 
^trangford. 

AHi 34, H. Chitty. esq. of Maida.pl. 
[ 'Edge ware- road. 

- At the residence of her wn-in-lnw 

CapL E. C. Helcher, in Sussex-place, 

I the Right Hull. I'harloltc Lndy Toign- 

I^Kwtith, widow uf Jobti lint Lord Tcign- 

■ tnouth. She was iha only Uhu. of James 

Comiab, vsq. woi roatricd Ftb. 14, 17tW, 




>BlTL'ARr. 219 

and left a widow, Feb. 14, IHSI, having 
bad js^ue the pri>!i«nt VeQj, two other 
M>ns and kix duiighlerB (sec the memoif 
of Lord Teignmouth in our vol, 1. p, 
658.) 

July li. At bis sister's houfi«, Den- 
inark-hil], agcdAl, Matthew Holtue«,eaq. 
of Kresbwiitrr, Isle of Wight. 

Jitiif \'i. In Cainbridge-ternure^ having 
attained her UHlth year, Mary, wndow of 
tbu Hon. Frauds lloper, of Linstead- 
lodge. Kent, and mother of the present 
Lord Teynham. She wai bom in Feb. 
1 73:{, the daughter of Launcelot Lntel- 
ton, e.«q. uf Lichfifid, grandson of Sir 
Kduard Lyttelion, tbc nenond KHroii«t. 
of TeddeitlHy Hay, co. StaiTurd. Her 
mother, the daughter of Sir John nnd 
Lady E. Curson. of Walerperry, Ox- 
fordeb. was granddaughter ot the cele- 
brated Eurl of C&marv-on, killed at the 
battle of Newbury. She was left a widow 
Sept. 7,1793. 

Juiy 1(>. At Mount-Houfte, Stock- 
well, arpd 2^4, Rosa Mury, henmd dau. 
of the Right Hun. Charles Fan^brother, 
Lord Mayor of London. 

Jnlff 17. Drowned, while battling Iq 
the Serpentine, agtrd 24 GeorEe Dean^ 
esq. of the Army l*ny Offirt-, second son 
of the lata Rev, JaniCH Deuiis, of ('ot- 
lingham, Hull. 

Jt,l*f 19. In Norfolk -a treet. aged 71, 
William Mitcbel, esq. tats of New Bntik- 
bnilding^- 

Jutg 2i. In bis 82d year, Patrick 
HcatJy, esq , of Hertford-st. Mnyfoir. 
Ho wasi bom in New England, and terved 
in lli<? K.LCo.'B.mili(aryand civil M;r%'icti 
in Bengal 

Buds.— Jvnr 19. At Holoote rectory, 
Julia, wife of the Kev. Edw. Smith, and 
ci»ter of John Fleming, ctq. of Stonc- 
ham-pork, Hants. 

Bkrks. — Jhue IK At Reading, aged 
^7, Eliza ScarlelT Jeimings, youngest 
dau. of the laco Mrs. Neale, of Upper 
Bedford.pl. 

DoB«ET.— Ja/y 7. At Poole, uged 
67, J. Gossr, eaq. 

Essex.— ,/«ne 21. At Saffron Wol- 
deii, aged .%, John Archer, esq. wimo 
yean Alderman and tit ice Mayor of that 
town. 

Juru 2a— At South Weald, aged 70, 
G. Rokes esq. 

GLoLii:i:9Tem.~Vnitf 22. At Cbelten- 
hum, Elii-aljeth. wife of the Rev. H. S. 
Bcresford, of Kill ylcagb -castle, Down. 

June 2i. At Cheltenham, n^ed 27, 
John Aldi-w Roper, esq. who lormerly 
ntoved in the most ahji't-t poverly, but 
owing to the death of an iiiwle rwidiJiR 
ill India, ennieintoposMttsion of UXVlKN')/. 
The prinupal purl of \a& forume bn h«» 



J 




__ 13. A» Willi III ■ .Um^^A 
.«f ifa tee 

J^ 21. As OvBc WBi Tt. Hfc 







L —^^, l*-^ 



^BtTrAiiy. 



2SI 



m 

Kir 



Vni^ 



E' 



, Fonncrif Raclor of tbnt place, -ind 

irur of BiitU-i^h Wijottoii. 

Ma;t -io. M llath, agedSa, H. Deer- 
ing, esq. of tbc Lve^ Great Missentlvn, 
Burks. 

Afcty <2ft At ilniton, (reoffre Htrnry 
\m Slicffielil 0«)uiu, Hvcumi hoii and 

:b »unri%'iiig cUild of the Rtv, Stcpbon 
i]nle OwMii, M.A., F.S.A. Vicar. 

Jum I. At Eaitt Charlton, Jane. 
widow of tlie Rev. E. ijarbdn. Rector of 
King<twc«ton. 
■ JiM^ 3. At hift fton'g hoiisc, at Huivli, 

!d 7U. Ueorge Tuson, esq., of Street 

louRe, near (iluiloiilHiry. on eminent 

ilidlor. 

Juve 3. At Bntfa, Catherine, «-ife of 
llie Rev. GeuTige Gregory Gardiner, eld- 
est dau, of John M'Ciintock, esq. of 
DruDicar, co. Louth, 

LaUti/. At Batb. Ibe widow of the 
Right K<v. Dr. Stock, Lord UUliop of 
Whlerford. 

Surt'oLK. — June 7. In liis 7.itli yenr, 
Richard WiUun, e»q., miinyy<*»r«Hn eini. 
nent solicitor in Lincoln's -inn-lields. and 
sfcretar>- to Lord Eldon. Latterly be 
rctifud into Suirolk, where he bucainc one 
ut the most celrbmtcd UrcedtT^ uf blood 
liopM-H in the kin(,'dum. 

Si'iutEV.— .Vii.v 2G. At Abele-grow, 
Eftsoni, F. C. Crofty, ewi- 

j»/tfy SJ9. At Croydon, Mary.Ann, 
widow of J. Tmisudl, ftl.D. 

June I. At Ilntcham-crovc, Lydin. 
widow uf J. LuiiM, esq. 

Jmitr 4. Aged 70, Uolivrt Cowyer, 

J. of Bytlef t Lodgt', and ^latc of Fall 

lall, porlruit paiiiur- in wntt-r eoioun to 

'i« Majesty. He was liie <ipirilcd pub- 
Ii<tlierof thecmbellisbed History of Kng- 
land, which bears his name, und of various 

ilendid popular works. 

.Si'hsr.x. — jl/tfy 9. At Rognor, iti his 

lib yvar, Stcjihvn I^ncriBtcr, t-sq., Intu 
if Kus!«eIU|iliice, and Waibortie-liouse, 
nts. 

Maff 19. At Bcxhill, i^ 7], Ste. 

len Brook, e«q. 

Unff ^. At Utighton, u^d 7G, Jan>cs 

lUIer Cburub. t.-M(., iBtu* Hurguon ot the 
Royal Wt!»uiiin'>ti;r Militia. 

June 'A. At Hri^blon, Ann, widow of 
B«t\). Brtiinincl], eiiq. (atv of Hi^ M»- 
jcvty'n Treasury. 

JinK 83l At Kemp-town, Briglitoii. 
aginl 1>1, I>nn. M'Swiiiey. c»q. 

l^tehi. At ihu Deanery, Clitcbfisrer, 

:cd DU, lliu widow ol Jubn (JhatwUer, 

_. of Whitley, Surrey, and mother of 
!lie Very Bev'. Dr. (Jhandler, Dean of 
that ixlhedml: and, a few days pre- 
viously, at her hmiHe in Lundun, also at 
an wtmnced age, ber dau^btt'c Mrs. 
Focemu. 





At HastingB, agerl 19, Krnry Mortyn 
Coltcnll, wholarof St. JiJui's coUeire, 
Omh. snn of the late 'I'honms (.kilterill, 
of Shef field. 

July I. At Easiboume, aged 70, T. 
Purton, esq. of Notti%'hatn .place. 

Warwilk. — May .S. At Leamifu^Hr 
A. Duke, esq. formerly Major Hth foot. 

JuHC ]. At Leamiofiton. in la-r iMh 
year, Klizabeth, widow ot John Gilbert 
Fnincklyn, esq. of Tobago, Icavioga ro« 
and daughter by her former busbud, 
Mi^or-Gencrml Stevenson, of the Hon, 
K. I. Co.'ft. Cavalry, and two twrnaandt 
two daughters by bf r Nrmnd marriafre. 

June -t]. Aged .>*, Mhi^-, wife of the 
Kcv. John Dyke, of HartAmtl. 

June 2j. A I Lt-aniington, arcd Ij^ 
Amelia. diuiKhter of Kir C. £. Caning, 
ton, of CHalfont St, Giles. 

YoBK. — Ma%i 15. At her mother'* 
bouae. ill York, Hannnb, third daughter 
of the late Hmr.-Adui. Hugh Robinsom 

May ^ Accd 7i>, EliiabGth, widow 
of Philip Salinuu«hc, esq. of Sail- 
tnanhe. 

June VS. At Norton, near Ma]to% 
aged ti7, (larrit^t, rviict uf Hull Plumeri, 
csii. of Suicktoii House, near York, and 
dait. of thelateLt.-<;eti. Sirllenry Cosby* 

Wale*.— jWory 13. Gcor^e Tboma* 
Jenkins, i^uq. formerly Lieut, in ibellon- 
inonthsbire Militia, aiid kte of Chepstow. 

^fay 31, At Aberjstwitfi, Alai^aret, 
%ridow of B. Cocker, f»q. of Nuseau-st. 
Soho-square. 

Jnne H. At Tenby, AValtcr Rictt 
Howell Powell, esfj. of Maevg^^-yniie, % 
Justice of the Peace and Deputy LieuC. 
for tile county of Cunnarthen. 

StoTl.AWU.— .:!«-» 5!l. At Arthor-KTit, 
aped HU, Arthur Dingirall Fordyce, esq. 
LL.D., of Cui*h. 

^/an II. At Cioerloch, Ro<*bire, a^^ 
23, after lh« birth of a son, KyThL* Caro- 
liod, wife of Sir Fnuicta ilackenzie. Br. 
and eldest dau. of John Smith Wright. 
i»q.; and oa th« tame day, ber infant 
son, 

Jwiwl9. At£duiburKh,a^2], Aler. 
Colvin Fraser r\-tli;t. eldest aon of tbe 
Intc A. F. Tytler, of tbe Bengal Ciiil 
Senice. 

iiii!i.ANO. — jlpril \2. At Cork, Lieut. 
Jtdin Barrett. lOth Roj-al Vet.bBttalion. 

Matj'i. At Dtibliri, J^teut. and Quar. 
tcrmostcr A. Cuniiell, Ut foot. 

May Is. At Cuhir, Lieut, urul Adjutant 
Uicl(muii,7tb dragoonB. 

.l/ay 5f7. In Amarte, Dr. Woldron, 
Human C'alhoUc Biibopof Killala. Jli« 
(teatb \\n» caused by n fall down stairs, 
when winding up a clock. 

jMUft&. At Lodge Park, CO. Kilkemiy, 
P. A. Warrcfli c*!. 



^ 



2fS 



Omruxuv, 



[Atig. 



I 



Juty n. Attbe Rojal Bamclu, Dub- 
lin, agei 10, of rholeriL, Frpd. Itoiifitirld 
Ckcnnebtel, ^1 st. ri.f;t eldest hdh of Kr«d. 
Ckrmicku'l, e*^. TwickeiiLain. 

/Midi/. In CoulcaniL-y. iH;rrl IIJjfMira, 
Walter Renpc. lie was hum in tbe n>i}pi 
of King GffOTRi' tlic Kimt, in llu- (uwnUiKl 
of Cannwreub, where be vaded hii exis- 
tuicu. iliB hciiLltli and inomory were re* 
insrW))y sood. 

Kast IxniEti.— 1833. Jumt H. At Sa- 
poor Cudb. Cnpt. H. James ^>tb N. 1. 

JuHC ay. At TellichcfTy, As§istiuit- 
Surgwn T. Ward, M. D. 

jM»e '^t. At Dbarvvir, Bombay, Lieut. 
T- S. Kennedy, enpwecr corps. 

Juli/ I. At Madnu, KiiElgn JaiQca 
lltMkmff, Ijth N. I. 

July 7. At Mulligaum, Ltcut.'(\il. 
Jobii Bell L>uiiali;r%-illf, rocnnuinditig the 
18th N. I. 

Julu 17. At Kamptu, Second Lieut. 
O. M. Letbbridfie, of tbe ortiUirry. 

yttie.\. At liKiigulore, C«i>t. Artbur 
Watiuii*. 7ih L. (', 

.-fug. %. At Sbolapore, Lieut. Juhii 
Corric HuwBt^r, H gren- N. I. 

Aw. lU. At Calcutta, aged .S4, Fran- 
ci* milden Spcnecr, os<i. iBaistottt to tbe 
Koit a^vnt. 

.lug. la Afftrd 6A, Vardon tiasper, 
esq. late of Mndnw. 

Aged 34(, of cbolen, M, S. Uvcstey, 
CHq., E. I. Co'it. Service, eldest Foii of 
M. S, Livesley, esq. of Mutwcll-hill. 

^ing. 23. Jbnsi^ii 11. a. Hu(£biiison, 
ith«.I. 

Sept. 21. At Cawnpore, Ucat. E. 
Chauibeni, -mh regL stfcond aon of 
David r'bambfm, efu). Com. R.N. 

<M. 8. At UelUry, Miulnia, C-upUuu 
Bmclcman, Xtih FyuU 

.V<7t'. 10. At Merrut, Dcngal, Lieut. 
Ahmuty, 11th draeoons. 

AW. a?. Major Matth. Scmplc, H.M. 
JSthrefft. 

AW. ^. Ac Cbittoor, aged 43, Tbm.. 
Oahagnn, rsi). teeond judge of the pruWn. 
rial criurt at that station. 

Dec. 8. At I'ooramallcc, Madras, Lt- 
Smithmilc, 'Ibtb foot. 

Itee. 10. At CantHUiore, MadrHi, LL 
M'Pbenon, 48tb Foot. 

Dtc. lA. At Cawnpore, Ll.-Col. GffO. 
Home Mumr, C. B. 16tb Lancens and 
Bri^.^General on ttiat t^tatiun. lie served 
with tbii Mine rc^iinuit tbrougboiit the 
FavUMUlw war, ujid at tbe buttle of Wa- 
tadoo eoBiinandcd ilw ix-giinent (rum an 
rarly part of th« I8tb uf Junu, upon CoL 
J. llay bcit^ defiperalely wounded. 

Itec.liJ. At Kurt St. itoorge, Modns, 
(lant. Doiii'Iaii, ^illi fool. 

latei^ Caitl. Jufan Keitb, li^d regt. 

Od nil jMHttgr froED tbe Kut iodics 




I 



aged 87, Fradcriek, Ibe tccond son ol 
Kithnrd Hull, esq. of Portland-place, and 
Totteriiipe, llen». 

L)cuL-(.'ul. William Gordon, Bombay 
army. 

laai.— Jan. 13. On his passage froni 
Calaitta. Lietit. G. M. Arcber, I6tfa rvf^t- 

Jan. \b. At Viziuuigrum, Bf;ed ^i 
C'Apt. George dc BUquicre, 8lli Madras 
intt. bccuiid sun of tbe Hon. P. B. dc 
Blaquicrc, and gnindw>n of Joba let Lord 
de UlEU]uiere. 

Jan. 'ik At Lacki)o\r, aged 3U, Eliu- 
betb-LuuiMi^wifcof CapL Geo, Templo; 
2iA N. Inf. dau. of Henry I>i9nc7 Hoc- 
buck, esq. 

^^prii "H. On his return froiii Cidcuua, 
George Lycke, ewj., late of Sui»cx-ploce, 
Regent's park. 

CtvLoN.— .V«, 10. At Jaffra, Co- . 
lumliD, Lt..Col. Bircbam, of tbe Ceylon ■ 
rillc bri^dc. ■ 

/.auty. Lieut. Jas. Vincent, 97th re^ 

AliBOAD. — Jtfn. 10. In Mauray county, 
I'enes&oe^ t'ttited States, Mnt. BetMy 
Fninthjini, nt tbe udvuuivd age uf \hV. She 
was u itaiive of Gerntany, and arrived at 
Nurtb ( arivliiiain I7IL>. Atiheagcof 190 
ber eye-sight becanie almost extinct ; but 
during tbe last twenty year* of bcr life 
etw possessed tbe power uf viuon as at 
tbe age of twenty. 

Jan, 19. Drowned, by tbe ujwettingof 
a buut un tbe South Amrcican coast, 
Lieut. John .M'CliiidockClive, of H.ALS. 
Challenger, together with tbe punwr's 
steward, and two boys, lie was son of 
Tbeopbilus Clivc, esq. of Ibc Isle of 
Wif bt, :uid nenbcw of Kdwatd B. Qlve, 
Esq. M. P. 

Jan. i\. At Tobago, EiMgn Dono- 
van, Ut W. I. regt. 

Ftb. U). Drowned near Bermuda, aged 
^ SecondLieut.A.C.Urlcber, U.Eng. 

f^ 15. At tbe Cape of (iuod Hope, 
aged S^ Cornet C. J. Slock, 160i Un- 
guonii. 

Feb. 17. On biit passngr from China, 
on board the Hun. Com|uiiy')i ship tbe 
Prince Regent, aged 17, Gordon Forbes 
Brett, third son of tlic Uev. J. Geocge 
Brett, of Chelsea. 

Feb. ab. At Brussdn, aged 65, I^y 
Cburiottc Adclaiile C^nntance tils- 
Gerald, aunt to the Marquiaof Hastings M 
and (Mter to the late Counte»«ea of I 
Mountcaebell, AUesUury, and Granard. ' 
She M1U the youo^fest daogbler uf John 
Ut Karl of Jluiia, by Lady Elizabeth 
Hastings, beirewi of the EarU nf Hunt* 
iiigdon; and married Apnl 111, iHll^ 
Hamilton Fitz-tirralri, esq. M 

Man/t a. At Malta. n<lired Cmo' I 
oionder Henry St. John. R. N. / XHHy. ■ 

Mairh t^. At Madcita, whither be 



A 




1834.] 



Bili of Mortatdji --^Markets. ^"Price of Shares, 



YutA gaae on a<'<x>unt of ill Ucultti. iapt. 
('uneruti. fldi'st win of Sir John Ca- 



ft-- 



mcrun, K. C. li. foinmundlcr-iii-cliitif of 
forreM at P1\*mnutb. 

y/jiritiX At'Dcnftra, ill France, LiiniL 
J. AmoH, R. N. 

Af/nl :«. At Paris, BRcd *6, L*dy Cn- 
tberinc Cumlinc MoiiUu;u, sister to ibc 
Eiriof Sandwich. Hhc wa> the y»unt;t:tit 
daughter of Oeiirge-Jolin sixlli «iid Uiti! 
Earl, by Lady Loui.ta OorTy, iid 
daughter of Amiar Ist Karl of Bel- 
more; \v»s mnrricd liw- I, IH.'II, to 
Count Alcxnndcr H'Hlewaky, of Po- 
land; nnd bni left two rhilrlren, liOuiKB 
Wary, Iwrii Dvf:. 14, 1H.'J2, and Gtorjfc- 



IP 



223 



Kdwrord-AiipuMtis bom March 5, 1S34. 
ilcr remniiis have Wen 1]roiif;ht lo the 
rHiitl of hvv ancestorfl, ut Barn well, 
Nortfaamplonahirp. Htr l^ysltip liud 
recently been oonlincd with her soconil 
infant; and the Countess of Sandwich 
vcaa u-ith h«r. The children are living 
luid in Koud health. 

Lalfh/. At Venice, Sir Win. Taylor 
Money, CoHKuUgen. of the l..om)HirdStaie<i. 
He wan a friend of Mr. ('jinning, and 
universally respected l>y the foreigners 
arnonft whom he resided. 

May 6. At Lantanne, in Switzerland, 
of it[>oplex>*. Matthew DnruTonl, eaq. for- 
merly of I'tvkham, Suney. 



Cliriittened. 

HHK) J 

'cmalcs mi^J 



BILL OK MORTALITV, June Sa to July 22, 



210j 



Maleit 
females 



Buried. 

tili) \ ^-^'-^ 



^AVERAUE PRICE OK CORN, by which the Muty is regulated to July 18^ 



^_ Whereof have died stUlbom and under 
^H two years old 395 

I 



2 and 


5 


144 


5 uiid 


10 


(4 


ll> and 


Ifl) 


(i^ 


ijl) HMll 


J»l 


1(11 


M and 


tl» 


\2l 


40 and JO 


131 



ls.';i. 

jO and 

no ttjid 

7U and 
HO and 
00 and 



m 118 

70 115 

m 7u 

lOU i 



WbeaL 
i. ^. 
48 7 



Barley. 

88 10 



OaU). 

/. d. 

S4 1 



Rye. 
J. d. 
35 II 



Beans. 
(. d. 
•J7 3 



Peas, 

f. d. 
U 11) 



PRICE OF HOPS, pcrcwt July ?fl. 



Kamhann (^teconda) OL 

Kent Pockets tU. 

SOMCZ 7t 

Essex 0/. 



Oj, to 0£ Ot. 

04. to JtV. lUr. 

Wi. lo 9/. Of. 

Of. to IH. Ctrk 



ntBags.,.. 7/. lOt. to 9f. Oi. 

Siusux (M- ««- to W. 0*. 

Esaex W. (»». to W. 0* 

Famham (fine) «/. 10/. to lit. I2i. 

PRICE OF HAV AND STRAW, July 85. 

Smltbricld, Hay, U. 0* to M. lOi Straw, 1/. lOi.to It. lfl«.— Qo^cr, U. U. to A/. ia». 

SMITHFIELD, July 21. To *ink the OlTiil—pcr stone of ftlb«. 



Beef. 2i. 

Mutton Hf. 

Vm! 3j. 

Pork 4#. 



Urf. (o 4*. 2rf. Ii*mb 4#. IW. to V W. 

0</. to 'If. 4d. Head of C^alUe at Market. July SI : 

IW. to +f. 04. Beasta «,338 Cnlves 2.10 

Od. to Oi. Od. Sbcep& Lambs )£3.930 Pigo SUO 

COAL MARKET, July £5, 

Walls Ends, from IG«. 6d. to 2Ui. 3*/. per ton. Oilier wrts from lOt. 9d. to 19f. M 

TALLOW, pcT cwt— To.vn Tallow. lo«. 6rf. Yellow Ruwria, 4o*. Od. 

SOAP.— Yellow, G2#. ISIoItled. 70*. Curd, Tit, 

CANDLES. 7f. per doz. Moulds, Ht. flrf. 

PRICES OF SHARES. 

At the Office of WOLFE, BnorntiaM, Stock and Share Broker^ 
•Hi, trhange Alley. Coiiiliill. 

Birminfilwm Canal, 233. Eliomere and Chester, 87 Grand Junction,! 

^W, Rennet and Avon, ii. Leeds and Liveipuol, JlS. -R4>(^ni'^ 17^1 

. Ruehdale, l^t London Dock Stock. 514 *>*- Kal harincV, 6tt. W«sC] 

India. 97. LiveqMwl and Mnnrhoster Railway. !^H). Grand Jiinelion Waiarl 

Work«, 5<»j. Wi-sl Middlesex, HO. Utobe Iiisiirancc, Hn.-^tiitanlian, 38L 

~_llopc. ij. ChariiTfd (JasLitflit, ilj. •Iinperinl Gsa, IM{. Phniiix Oaa. 

HOJ. IndL'pcndviit (J»», Mi. L'nilwl General, loj. Canada Land Com- 
pany, ■IttJ.— Itcvereionary Interest, l.'JI. 

For Prices of alt other Slkues iwiuira as above. 



*" 224 

METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, by W. GARY, Strand. ,- 

Frwit June 26. to July 25, 1834^ hath iaclu^oe. 



rabr 


enhei 


fs !■ 


henn 






rnh 


■enhe 


fs J 


henr 


* 




Q^ 


i;.£ 


c 


k •^ 


U 




o -3 1 o -5 


s 


s?;, 


6 




II 


^1 


1 


= JS 




W(»tli«r. 








as 


1 


WeatliM-. 


Jane 


9 


o 


a 


in- pt«. 




JiUy 


b 


a 


4 


ITli. pt*. 




W 


m 


va 


4fi! 


30^ S8 


tiir, clKHiiIy 


II 


70 


77 


6U 


29.80 


hit 


1(7 


Gt 


ea 


5* 


*io 


cld^. csin 


1^ 


08 


73 


61 


,87 


do. 


i£6 


m 


70 


59 


,IB' 


fair 


l.^f 


m 


7J 


60 


30,02 


do. 


V^ 


&( 


(!9 


^ 


.IB 


da. 


H 


71 


78 


64 


, 18 do. 


») 


&'3 


78 


56 


.30 kbh 


»A 


7* 


8g 


m 


, 19 fine 


J.l. 


fJU 


(i7 


Ai» 


,«0 


deudi' 


16 


70 


U4 


06 


.0.1 do. 


t 


tiU 


ti3 


36 


,01 


do. 


17 


n 


OH 


05 


29, 70 fraiTi. thdr. 


s 


61 


(hi 


57 


,0B 


do. 


1R 


m 


til 


58 


, lA 'do. do. 


4 


6U 


(U 


m 


,04 


do. 


til 


01 


^ 


59 


, 60 ;do. do- 


6 


&i 


6H 


Al 


2J), &1 "do. 


m 


59 


fiA 


01 


, 70 cloudy, rain 


6 


6tJ 


7n 


61 


,91 iTucir Uidr. 


9\ 


5» 


67 


(i V ! , 7S do. do. 


7 


Trt 


75 


71) 


, SI S feir 


{^ 


f>2 


OK 


01 


, 90 do. do. 


H 


67 


m 


66 


30, UB cloudy 


^ 


71 


7* 


00 


, 99 do. fair 


tt 


6?7 


70 


67 


,08 [do. 


24 


68 


7sJ 


04 


30, 00 Ifiur 


tu 


tiH 


1\ 


57 


,ot 


Fur 


23 

1 


69 


74 


oa 


^, 96 do. 



DAILY PRICE OF STOCKS, 

From June 27, to July 24^ 1834^ both indu^vc 






Q3[ 



It 




51 

si 



27- 91 i'. 

^2\^ 01 J i- 

J-'Sl^iSli 4;- 

2;£l^9lJ \. 

4«l5^9li 1- 

5:310 ,9U i 

7i. i9i 91 J 

StlfiJOl *, 

it»5i7i<*ii I 

"l?17i.9U i 

ISei7l9li I 

li^ 91 1 I 

I5«l7j'91i * 

lA«l7i'9lj I 

IT«l7l91i I 

ld«Ltij:9l| I 

|»i 911 i 

SlSI» '91 j i 

SSglH !9l| j 
S3«t8 '91^01 



9t*i: ssj 



9H|I 
98|: 
98f 

oh]' 

99 I 

91 j I — : 

9u (\ m 

,90i9li 99 I 
9(>i9l(i 99 
90j9li, 99 , 
gi yrti 

91 

9li 

91 

91 
9Ii 






t3. 
si 5 



II 99il 

i 99 

99 ! 
991 



S4«17ji9019l 



90pi 

mi i 

90i i\ 99 

9ui 31 g« 



9Hj 
9ft4 
961 
9tij 

99 j— 
99 . 

mm\ 

99J;i»B^ 
994 DHJ 

99]'<18| 
99f9ftj 

9«];!»| 

99^:981 
99j;9tt( 
99 '96| 

99 K 



99| 



99| 



9iU 

oijooj 

Hj lUO 

6i! 

8)1 »9i 
841IOOJ 



.3 4* 



174' 
174; 
]7i< 
i7V 
i7i 
17i 
171 
17i 
171 

1712661 

Mi 

I7j26^j 
174 3011 

!!«' — 

l7|S&>j 

I7i 

17 j ^651 

171*66 

I7i«i^ 

m, — ■ 

"i — 



31 23 pm. 

S3pm. 
21 «3pm, 

£3|i]ii. 
'^ 21 pm. 
{ ^ym. 

Z51npni. 

pTT 213 pm 
'iS5a7pm, 
|i!J27ptn. 
1^4 £6 pin. 
25}im. 



Ex. Bills. 

jfiooa 



2\ pui, - 
,^i3pm.- 
21 23 pm. - 



22 pm. 

i?l pm. 
lOltipm. 
lOlOptn. 
1719 pm. 



m 



50 pm. 
50 pm, 
50 pm. 
50 pm. 
Mpm. 
52 pro. 

52 pm. 

53 pm. 

53 pm. 

54 pm. 
54- pm. 
50|>ni. 

49 pm. 

50 pm, 

51 pJti. 

52 pnt. 

50 pnit 
5^ pm. 

^ plD. 

51 pDl. 

+9 pm. 
^ pro. 
49piu. 

50 pin. 



Kew South S«a Annuities, July 10, 89j.— July 22, 89 pm. 

Old South Se* Annuitiei, July 7, 09}.— July 9. 904. 
J. J. ARNt'LL, Stock Broker, 1, Bank Buildings, Conihill, 

late KiCHAtDSoN, Gooull'ck^ and Aknl'LL. 



-' a. .MCHOL* ASB SON, -5. r Aai.vikM^'ST ^t».ntT. 



THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

SEPTEMBER, 1834. 



Bv SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



CONTENTS, „*»^ 

Mi^OR Coimr»PONTMmeit. — Sir H. Verftcr. •••i ■•••<... .. tSC 

DlABT or A T.ovKR OP LiTKRATVRR, by TliomH Or«n, E«). ^ WT 

BBOKroRD'o LKTTKns from \tahr, Spahi, am) Porhi|;uI S34 

RxooRD CoMMiSfKis, No. IV.— AinidRiDcnt of PJcii Rolls. fcc 941 

Hiatorr »ad IWcri prion of Cunvnox V alack fiHth EHprariaygJ 349 

Rrmirlcii on Bihhop liOWTii'i: Mitnoir* and Rrmiiiiiii. — HU rharacter defended SS4 

Skloksi's Honi-r at Sdrinclon. Sn»!R-i ('icitAa PlatfJ •*•».»..,.. 256 

AnglO'Saxon Scholars anilUtcraturv i SS9 

Meuioruida of Thw .mtk« thr Saxi>aiir 261 

Petidou of DomomT La>e w Bt«liO[i Caewe J6S 

Ao^-Sazoo Coijig found at Krslnini.— Chaatrey'a 8tat»; of CamiUlg 964 

REVIEW OP NEW PrBUCATIONS. 

Pettigtew on Eeyptiui Muinmirs, '^(w. — ArrheologU, toI. XXV. 969. — M»r- 
donnell on Uie Nabi>b nf Otidr'^ Debts, '?7-. — Parkiofon'i llunrrnao R<-- 
minitocnrm; Hi>ti«'y of Old mid Nt^w Sarum, 1*71, — Hurn'tt Hblory of 
Fleet MnrriajM, 374.— -TUims of the £ait India CoRipAnjr's OtRoer*, S75, 
Holin*n'it VoyafEc round tb«- Worlij, TiA. — Copland on t^ Exut«oce of 
otiiw World*, S78.— I^y E. Wortlev's Poemi, ^HO.— Morier'* Aymba, the 
Miild ijt K«nt, 3t(0.— Old Maiden'* Tnlismni, 28J.— Cote'a Gniio|,T tab. 
TcruTe of RewlatiCMB , : S8S 

Miscrilanfroon R«riewa..., /««.r..b....> S87, SSfl 

FINE ARTS.— Sale of fh« DuVe of Buckinctuwi'i CollectiOB of Engmringi. 

2HH. — ReirieWi 289 

PoiTVT. — InncripCions for ■ leat Id the frounJs of t>yLvaniu Urban, at Ham< 

mcnmith, by the Rev. W. L. Uowlei, Rod tlie Rev. J. Mitford S9Q 

LITERARY AXD StlENTlTIC INTELLIGENCE. 

Sale of the Rer. Mr. Rice'» Library. 291.— New Publuntiona SStt 

HooM of Commons Library; Foreign Uicnry InlcUi^eoce j<>3 

Liat of American Periodifralj, ^'M. — Pntctiad Gulitry of fideoce ; Annof h 
Catbedi al, Au; »95— 997 

ANTIULARIAN RF.SEARCHES.— Wflkinion'ii Survey of Thebf* 298 

Ancient Remains recently discovered in America, Greece, Vnait*, England, 
nnd Gcnnony 9911, 300 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— Proccedinip in Pnrliamcnt, 301.— Foreijn 

News, 304. — Domestk Ore. 307. — Proraotion*. Birthf, and Marria^ea. . .. 311 

OBITTARY ; with Memoirs of Lord AruniWI ; Lord Wi>drhouM, 313.— I.rf>fd 
Wenl'H'l: : Hon. A. H. Huffhinun ; Hon. W. P. Elphtantoun, .114.— Capt. 
the Han. F. Noelj Rev. Sir C. J. Muajjrave, Bart. ; Rer. Sir J. Filmer, 
Bart. ; Sir R. Presrtmi, Hart. .Ilf..— Sir j. J. Fra.«er, Bart. ; Sir H Broolr«, 
Bart,: Sir Wm. Coitway, Sl6, — O. Cummin^, enq. ; Major-Gen. ParotihAT' 
Mjn; S. Smith, esq. 317.— Alex. Adair. e=(j. ; Rev. J. DalUwav, F.S.A. 
3ia.— >lohn Caley, eaq. F.S.A. 3W.—T. Stothard. ewj. R.A.3S1.— R. Joum. 
nq. : Mr. H. J. Hnkewfll. 323.— Mr. R. Lander, 324.— Mr. J. Biddlea, Bte. 377 

Clxbct Decea»ei>, 3?^.— Deats*, armaKed io Counlici MJ 

Bill of .Mortality- Markets — Pricei of Shareii,23S— .Meteorological DUry— Stocki 336 
' Emb«Ui»hed with Views and a Ground Plan of Crotso.v Palace, In Surrey ; 

fc 



22r» 



MINOR correspondenct:. 



h 



Dr. LiPHCOMR writer its follows: 
* Yaor CambrrweU Critic (p. .Il) an> 
dert«kefl to cetwure me for bnuUtiK tbe 
truth to the fooUsh parpote of ^ving 
counteoAnce to ut ' kUe tr«ditil>B,' u 
ho U picafetl to rail the story of Sir 
Edmund Vrrnpy, thr StuuUril Bearrr, 
luring beru ucithtr born our buried. 
Hie qimlton whether Mr Edmund Vrr- 
Bry descriided frvtn the Kcood or third 
wife of his f»ther, Inrotves consider- 
atioas aiure inipt>rtant than lite T»li- 
dity of ftsy idle tradition; txcausc the 
iDi|uiaitiou tu which jruDf L'ormivondeut 
ao triQmi'hnntly alluden.u a proof of <ruti- 
iction to mvBflf in the Htatemcul, 
that Edmund and Franc-ix Vrrncy 
brothert. and the former the hrir of 
the latter, vho irns the eldest son. TAej/ 
IKiuf Men Adrr ^ttn hrothtrKff tht whole 
hlood, not Aa(f brotAeit, for there were 
Other pcraooa then litinx who would, in 
that cafle, haYf been entitled to the inhe- 
ritance. If EdmiiDd were the son of 
Mary, the third wife. Sir Fram-iJi inujit 
have been her eoa rI.io, and hi' hBpi>rned 
to marry her own danghter liy her former 
basbnod .St. Uarbe, nnd was eertainly bom 
before his father inarriett the lait wife. 
True i( )R, thai your Conrnpondeut does 
not coade-aceod to mention that thta Mai-y 
Sickratj fwho»e name he vpelU Black- 
neyi and thutt ahnri tnt whcnre he d«- 
rii-ed hid aeoouni) had a former husband; 
nor wkfu <bc died or was married- If 
his fiitlier*8 second wife Awdrey l^atly 
Carcw furvivcd until JoIylSMg. accordtoK 
to the poriiih rejfrister of .Mdbnry, where 
«he woH buried, and in 1599 (4? Elii.) l.> 
May, Bdniund, necond xon uf the deceased 
Sir Edmund, were found to he ten year* 
of age and upwards; if he were indeed 
the BOO of Mary the third wife, he must 
hare been bom before her marriage to Sir 
Edmund Vemey, if not in the lifetime 
of her liriit hu-iband. ^"hen I invexti- 
gBtad the dates of the records, 1 was ne< 
ecnarily led to the conclusion, therefore, 
that there had been an error in the prrced- 
init aiTOUbts ; ami the reputation of hift 
hariug been boru 7 April 1.)9^. 1 have 
renturcd to say, ' appears lo be doubt> 
full' and the age juculioncd in the iuqui- 
sition coofirming that doubt, I gave all 
the benefit of it tu the statement which 
kappenrtl to armrd with the traditionary 
story Ru well known to ibe family and th« 
ncighlHiurhnod. ' ' 

We \\>\sv rrreiTed another letter on this 
lulijeut eigited D. P. in whidt the writer 
■utea that, '• however idtt Mr. Stdn. 



man may call the trmdttionarr story re- 
spectiog the birth and death of the Stand- 
ard Bearer, it ia perfectly well known in 
the whole aei^hbonrhiK)d ; and as the 
Uixlorian of Bucks uys, is not only n 
popular tradition, bot uncontradicted. 
An old HrviM of the Vrmeys, before 
their e«tate Msaed to the preflrnt pawet- 
sor, died « rev years ago, at the age of 
nearly one hundred year^. He well rr- 
membcred haring heard it mentioned, not 
only by the last Earl of Vrrncy, but by 
the first Earl, who died in 1732, and 
whose father. Viscount Fermanagh, was 
bom in the lifetime of Sir Edmund Vcr- 
nev his groadfather, and had many cun- 
(em]M>nuifl« in and about CUydon, from 
whom a corroborated account of this idle 
«fory bos l>e«D pReerred by their d«- 
scendauti." 

J. A. R. sugigcats to the Trustees of the 
British MuKuni, that they ^lioulJ pro- 
cure plaster casts from the seulpturc ta 
the Arch of Titus. We rfou'mber the 
name pr*>|>otcition w&» made in our pages 
name years ago by the Iste Mr. Dooca. 
Indeed, ve here the time will arrire when 
the National Slusoum will exhibit casts 
uf the most curious works of autient 
Kculpture, uot only from abroad, but from 
our own provint-f», such a.t tl»e must re- 
markablr monumental effigies, fonts, ra* 
pttals, &c. &c. 

Mr. Fxkuet'ii communication, and hia 
beautiful work on Christchurch, shall be 
nolieed in our next. 

We liave reccivcil a letter, rigned a 
IjOVKR or JoKTlCR, eiimplitining of inis- 
Htatrments respecting tht-/flw»i/y Mixtory 
of the late Mr. Douce, in the Menotr 
which was published in our last Ntunbo-. 
We shall be happy to correct any parti- 
cular» whjohhavefteen erroneoubly alaled; 
but we cannot be aiiwcted to cuiiuiiic 
unrsvlTrs in a diaoUMioa of a iiersonal 
and private nature unlcMwe arc uvoured 
with the oiune of our anoaymons Correo* 
pondent. 

An [NariBRR would feel particularly 
obliged, if any ri'a4lrr of the (jrutleman'a 
Mngaiine riiulit iiifiirm him vf Ihc arms 
of Kibbiiig, lUblicQ, Kjbbaos, or Ribbin. 
The name is familiar enough to those who 
remember the Count who united with 
Ankerstroom against Gustarus of Sweden. 

The communiration of E. H. H. ia 
received, and we propose to insert it 
ahorlly. 

Mr. Lixdbat's communication on the 
Cuioa of MnreduQ is not forgotten. 




THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



DIARY OP A LOVER OF LITERATURE. 
{ResutMed from p. 93.) 

1808. March '23. Finisbcd the fourlli vulumc of tlie PliUosopbicnl 
Transactions. An oak tree (page 275) was dag up in the moor of 
Hatfield Chase^ Vorkshirc, l^U feet long^, 12 feet diametricaJly tbick at 
the great end, 10 feet Id the middle, and 5 feet at the small end ; so that 
by a luixlerate computation the tree must have been as long again. What 
a noble piece of timber ! In Fredville Park arc three oaks called Majesty, 
Beauty, and Stately. The first, at 8 feet from the fjroutid, is 28 feet in 
girtb ; the second, rising i^tniight and clean in the stem to the height of 70 
feet, aud Itifeet in girth -I feet from the ground; the last at the same 
height, more than 18 feet in girth. An oak in Knowie Park exceeds 28 
feet in girth. Between Cardiff and Cuubridge is a uych eira, at the height 
of C fet't, 20 feet in girth ; and in Boiix-ilston Church-yard (ace Malkin's 
South Wales), a yew-tree girthing 18^ feet. Mr. Johncs of Hafod, be- 
tween Oct. l/9r» and -Vpril 1801, planted 2,005,000 trees ! 

AprU I. Finished the l^fth volDme of the Philosophical Trausactions. 
Id No. 330 is a curious coiuputatiou by Dr. <.!rcw (1710) of the superficial 
contents of England and W'nies, which, by a triangle formed from the 
three points of the South Foreland, Berwick, and the Land's End, he 
makes 72,000 square miles, or 4{i,OHU,000 acres ; the population he places 
at n. 000,000. 

Aprii 8. Finished Mrs. Carter's Memoirs ; which, whether viewed 
with rC9|>ect to the importance of the persouage, or the interest of the 
anecdotes, might have been coirprtsed in a sheet. Her portrait has cer- 
tainly suffered from the miserable daubing of her biogm|ihcr ^ but with 
every allowance on thia score, she api>ears (with much fcinintne weakness, 
which, in its proper sphere, and nitlicint higher pretensions, might have 
been amiable, but which in her condition is preposterous and revolting) 
to have possessed as an author no extraordinary strength of undersland- 
hig, or vigour of imagination ; and with cverj resjK'ct for genuine, warm, 
devotional feelings, bcr species of ]>icty involves a spirit narrow, illiberal, 
and exclusive. Her Poems, with a few straggling exceptions, possess 
neither imagination nor feeling, arc neither putchra nor dulcia. Perhaps 
the most finished, and altogether the best piece, though there may be 
brighter passages in others, is the Ode to Wisdom, whicli Kiehardson a\>- 
propriated in his Clarissa. — Ijookcd over, but with little iuterest, her 
Prose Miscellanies, apiwnded to her Memoirs. Mer piosiiming to Hit in 
judgment on such men as Huiue and Rou&s(-;i<i, \^lM>>< ^^nrk.t she is afraid 
to read, while she affects to despise tl' h. She praises 

history in one piece, as encours' 'j^i 

the minute details of biogra" 
kcrs a{)[iendcd t*t his oivn 
resting, and deserving attci 

AprU I". Rcitd V'lHo:' 



I 



I 



praises 



XMvy 9f* Lootr tfUtmim*. 




He k v«fT come nd fenaoaa m U» i Wich i m Ht 
n vich tfieae Wadi «f MfMi^. — 1. nqBrug dnaoMtntin 
ftrat pnodfdM ; 2. Mia^iM ili jwiliimi ud pnaoplea vttc^ 

/ laid m the i^wilwiwii W wvta'to eUafabli ; S iiiiiMi g fe- 
at priaaple* to p c yiti o— , smI thence cxiaclading kIkib t»c^» 
~, or talui^ tk«t Ti«« «( »oohfaat wfcich- iavolfa ibohkijIiIb 
, md thcaoc itiierna; ^ot Bodaag •MlJA Ltm ^ csa be oL loi i i e d 
Home certaoahr oecaMMoHf pkMj* viA Im onlject, ami oar 
; bat I <k> DcA brbnre thiC be ever oui o Miy ood de t y i e dl y ■»- 
A striking nidroce wUdi Vtsoe addace* of denp ia tJK murttm.- 
Ipf tW Bohrene, ii die nact ad|aot«eat of nfaoU aad direclSoa of 
Jle anffum which soU haw been fiHcn to the J ii»ailm j plamrU, 
' mit to the rm^ of SiOmrm. to mke them aroord n tber da. «ttk 
rrvohitkMi of the pritaafv. to wkirh the) aie ittndied : these MtrlBtrii 
1 riuga anwt have been formed nr thrir podtam abnH the pbaet ; far. 
they hem firTurd omt of it. tbcy wonU dctct by the law of crarity 
luinsd their prcMmt stualjofi \ nor br the satte lavs coald the}- 
I gndaaJly fouDd ca their prearat poBitioa. His arpusniC ajrunst 
bity of the raith, froa the oreriloir irtuch moA bare taktm ptace 
! iahabitaafs is 'mly that of an ^Mtiact matbeinaticnti. 

! 23. IxiokeH over Ftontf'$ ComHu^Bt RftMUdfn, with a vinr to a 
btUm a>e. ll»e cabile and exqntMte diK-HiDtnati*ii)s here oodc on 
r«rti6cia] t^stinctknni regarded at real aad aabotaotlal diffcreoccs in the sa* 

I tme of tbiDKS. forta a fine ratyect for pbtkiaQphical telki-tiofi. 
Hay I. Fiuiubcd Malrolm't Supplemental roloiuc to hU ' Histoiy of 

Ltioodaii.' He amerts (p. 23b) it a« lus fall aad derided opmiuo, thnt Lon- 
1400 was borat (ia Ibe great 6re) by Goventmnt, to tnMikilaSe /Ae piayme. 

II caaoof credit tbif, tboi^ he states that he has bad " more than coia- 

May H- Read the fint tiDinber of Pytcie'i Dirlhmary. Itulead of eadea- 

touriitit to simplify, by cxtrBCting tbe pntnitivc radk'sl uicaittn}; of words, 

[ ajtd exhibiting the morltficatiun* tbcy rcceirc, — the various tbadrs of sense 

[they contract, — front tbc particuliir occasions on which they arc employed. 

nnnrrennrily nnd faUely multiplies those roeaoioeB, by ascribing to 

iucirml term, wtinc tKrrtloa of the seuse of the a>ntc\t iu nhich it 

This ih very strtkiog ander the word " abandun." His adoptmg 

I Ui own uncoutL capriciuus mode of spclliug, and exlendingf it even to the 

atiooa he qaoees, a abore measure Disord. impertiDent, aad offni- 

fay 6. Read the Mrttitlily Review fnr April. Under Biglaad's Natm- 
_ral Hitivry, they admit with Baffuti, that ull oar cWstfications of natural 
rj are made by uursclvcn : but then, tbcy coatcud. it shotild nc\Tr be 
*lPB that they hre maiJc also for ourseU-cs, lo assist oar inquiries. 
Katitrat Huftory tliry drftnc in the sjinit article, — a de&cripti^e view of 
Mature In n »t8fe of repose ; while Satural PMlofophy \a occupied io as* 
ecrtainiiig th«? rettriU'*, nnd cstiuntini; the effects of the natural actions of 
bodies i and lulmtts a sabdivision, into Mechanical and Chemical, according- 
to the iiatun; uf the result ntrtained. 

May 9. Looked over DttydaU'a Mi^ory of St. Fauft. Holhir's eo- 
|[ravin|^, or rather etchings, partirnlarly ttiat of St Faith's cbapel in the 
rrypt, nnd of the interior of the nnve. are wonderfolly spirited and exp" 
live. Dngtlale makes the hMig;th (>9U feet, the height 520; Uie O 
top CBtHicioiis of 10 busheU. the spire 15 feet k«ig, and t^ 



I 
I 

I 



i^ 




1834.] Diary of a Lover of LitereUMr*. 



Tite space covered by tlic churcli, was 3^ acres, 1^ rood, 6 perches These 
are vast dimensions ; but upon the n hole, one regrets but little the loss of a 
bnildiu^, which appears to have been oi a clumsy Hothic. depraved by nn 
iocoiigruous tulmixtiirc of Grecian imitation, particularly of the loutc portico 
at the west end. The prescribed constitutions and forms for the nutint«- 
naiicc of pr'iestly pomp aud domination, exhibittfd by the prelatical Dugdale 
in the Ap|>cndix, must surely surfeit and dimgust the highest Churchtuan of 
the present Oay i ouc hardly wonders when uoe reads them, at the slrtrm- 
ons and fiery indignation of the Puritans. The very vergers were to be 
flclccted without Kiveg, and the bachelor preferred to the widower, — ut qui 
turn pr>)i)c acceduut ad altare Dei, tarn magnisque uuoisteriisi iotersuut, 
omuino casti ct intcmerati stnt! 

Majf 1 1 . Read Maurice » * Rtvhmond HUL' However he may strug^ 
to assume the [wet, I will venture to pronounce him not to be one. There 
are no traces of fine sensibility ; and bis ^jtecions images are whipped round 
and round again in cndlesit and tiresome succession. His vanity, for e 
boaats of nriting Richmond in ' Immortal vor»e,' is more than equalled by 
his servile, fawning, contemptible aduhition of the great. 

He honibly reminds the Duke of Marlborough that he wrote some 
verses oil Blenheim, wliich, he had the honour of knowing, were gratifying 
to the family ; and he tells the Dulce of Northumberland that he coui|MiHOd 
some verses on the Duke and Duchess, that were approved of by that 
noble family ; and he informs; them that some copien of both stiU rttuam in 
tKe hohds of Mr. White of Fleet' street. His serious but must ludicrous 
petition for the preservation of the cygnets from the slatightcr of the City 
feasts, is regjtect/itlly addressed to the Lord Mayor and Aldermen ; and 
he has appropriate Ikhii|UCIs of faded flowers for all the great in the vici- 
nity, from sacred Royalty to the Duke of Queens lierrj-, whomj however 
puiuk'd, he contriver to praise, by statiug tliat ho 

*' roanil yon ocltoin^ roofv bidii firefly roH 

Tlt« festive trans^rlti of titc «ociaJ tool ;" 

and vthota he seriously recommends to love the " Sbtera of tJie sacred 
Well." He goes on tying np encomiastic nosegays for all the great person- 
ages whom he sees from the Pisgah height, throughout tlic Land of Pro- 
mise, from Lord Spencer, ' the [tulished Burleigh of a wiser age,' and 
'who sublimely planned, while valiant Nelson fought,' to the merchant- 
prince, Mr. Ooldsmid. and the Duke of Clarence, t*t whom, recovering 
from the shock of Nelson's loss, the afflicted nation looks up as its only 
hope. In eulogizing Mr. Pitt, he even confessedly offends the delicacy 
and pirty of Bishop Prctyuiau, * that worthy aad pious Prelate baring 
objected to the line. 

** And pari that esopire wbicb Uioa di«(kt to s»t«." 

But Mr. Maurice, after many trials, fuund oo other phraseology which wns 
not utterly insipid and inadeijuTite. Mr. Maurice then extols Mr. Fox 
with the same firvour as Mr. Pilt, denominating his trivial faults (as U)rd 
Kenyon had before called Erskiue's) spots in the sun ; but liaving thus far 
endeavoured to make interest with ttie Opposition, be skilfully redeems 
his credit with those in power, by explicitly staliug that he eulogizes Mr. 
Foi's talents aad virtues, not because he was great and good, but that after 
^th of bis rival, he gave * due honours to the miglity dead.' If Mr. 
Is some exccllcDt preferment, it will be for n« wont of assiduity 



^^0 



Diary of a Lmtr of Literature. 



[Sept. 



I 



u his |urt : (of myself, 1 address biiu tu oac of bis ohh Udcs : — 

'* V« vcimI MnitrA, coMC jrour wnrhlRtl lays. 
Hide, binslitng Sdenvc. tiidr thy Urnish'd buys." 

Afay 20. Read Maikia's South Wales- On the subject of longevity, 
lie extracts from Laniaaes rcgistrj-. Ivan Yoratli, buried July 17, 1621 j 
atatis circa t8(J. Eiiz. Yorath buried Feb. 13, KJGS, aged 177. Ou a 
itoiie ill the Iwlfry of l^ntnit Major, is inscribed, " Here lyetli the body 
if Matthew Voss, buried ijlll^fptat. 129. The Welsh bard. Thoioas ajj 
^^'an ap Rhys, states himself to have bceti HO; and he certainly lived 
eleven years longer. J. Millikin died :it MRry[M>rt, CuiubcrUud, aged 
112; and William Billings, at