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Author: Mason, Richard 

Title: The gentleman's new pocket farrier 

Place of Publication: Philadelphia 

Copyright Date: 1864 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg043.1 

LAN: eng 

<2072520> *OCLC* Form:mono 2 InputFMD 

008 ENT: 980225 TYP: s DT1: 1864 DT2: 

035 (OCoLC)38419328 

037 PSt SNPaAg043.1 $bPreservation Office, The Pennsylvania State 

University, Pattee Library. University Park, PA 16802-1805 
090 00 SF951.M4 1860 $crb+(1861 printing)*9666184 
090 20 Microfilm D344 reel 43.1 $cmc+(service copy, print master, archival 

100 1 Mason, Richard $dfl. 1808-1861? 

245 14 The gentleman's new pocket farrier $bcomprising a general description 
of the noble and useful animal, the horse ... $cby Richard Mason ... ; 

to which is added a prize essay on mules ; an appendix, containing 
recipes for diseases ... ; with a supplement, comprising an essay on 
domestic animals, especially the horse ... by J.S. Skinner. 

246 1 8 Mason's farrier and stud-book. 
250 New ed. 

260 Philadelphia $bJ.B. Lippincott $c1864. 

300 415, 101 p., [5] leaves of plates $bill. $c19 cm. 

500 At head of title: Mason's farrier and stud-book. 

500 Prize essay on the mule, by Samuel Wyllys Pomeroy: p. 162-1 96 

500 Supplement has special t.-p. and pagination 

500 Includes index. 

533 Microfilm $bUniversity Park, Pa. : $cPennsylvania State University 

$d1997. $e1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. $f(USAIN state and local literature 

preservation project. Pennsylvania) $f(Pennsylvania agricultural 

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650 Horses. 
650 Horses $xDiseases. 
650 Livestock. 

700 12 Skinner, John S. $qJohn Stuart $d1 788-1 851. 
830 USAIN state and local literature preservation project. $pPennsylvania. 
830 Pennsylvania agricultural literature on microfilm. 






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Mason's Famet and Stud-Book— New Edttum. 




























Wiior Duw of the Farmcni' Library, New York ; Founder of the American Parmer, in 181t; 

and of the Turf Register and Siwrtms Magazine, in 1829: beuig the first Africai- 

Urai and the finit Sporting Periodical* etitabtisiied m the United Stataa 


J. B . L I P P I N C i*lk& C 0. 



' '.. 





Entered according to the act of Congress, in the vf ar 1848, by 


in the clerk's office of the district court of the United {States, in 

and for the eastern district of Pennsylvania 





Few subjects can more justly claim the attention 
of the public, than that noble and useful animai, the 
horse; and there are few indeed of any moment, thai 
have met with more neglect from society. Not more 
than one or two authors in the United States have 
turned their attention to this interesting subject. This 
neglect, in which every individual is so deeply interested, 
must have proceeded from the low standing in society 
to which the horse has been sunk by men destitute ol 
veracity, too often having the opportunity of dealing in 
those invaluable animals, committing frauds, making 
false statements of age, gaits, condition, &c. to the injury 
of those who are unfortunate enough to confide in their 
assertions, or to deal with them. * 

In this little \/ork, whose size is calculated for the 
pocket, I shall endeavour to guard the unsuspecting 
against the arts of the jockey, and to point out so plainly 
the difference between an elegant and a common horse 
a good and bad horse, a sound and an unsound horse 
that any person may become a tolerable judge, by 
reading this little book with attention, however unfa- 
miliar the subject may have been heretofore. It is 
my object to be useful rather than offend, or appear 
learned. I shall avoid all hard names, technical terms, 
fee; and will offer to the public the information I 


possess, with candour and simplicity. In a work o! 
this nature, the claim to entire originality must be 
relinquished; so far from attempting it, I confess 1 
have, in a few instances, made quotations from other 
authors, when I have found from experience they con- 
tained matter,* useful, clear, plain, and familiar for my 
purpose. I hope this acknowledgment will be received 
m place of marks of quotation. 

Amongst the great number of animals under the 
(control of man, the excellent horse, unquestionably, is 
the most serviceable. How often do we see him' the 
suie dependence of the poor farmer and his family, 
with whom he divides the morsel, shares in the toils, 
and by slowly turning up the soil, not only keeps them' 
free from want, but fills the barn with plenty ! Trace 
him from the lowest to the highest situation, you will 
find him faithful, affectionate, and no less useful. Jn 
every species of farming, the horse bears the principal 
burden, and is the means of increasing wealth and 
happiness. In the transportation of foreign growth 
and manufactures to the interior of our country, and 
the exportation of the produce of the United States, 
the faithful horse afl[brds a speedy conveyance to and 
from the water's edge. For the quick communications 
by posts and stages, even with the most remote parts 
of the union, we are indebted to the horse. Even 
our happy republican government has been established, 
protected, defended, and administered, by the means 
and aid of these noble animals. Men of every pro- 
fession, must all acknowledge the benefit derived 
from him; indeed he has been the very spring oi 
punctuality and attention to business of almost every 
description. The horse, in his mature, is mild, patient, 
forgiving, and affectionate. After being hard used, 
half starved, and unmercifu_y beaten, who rccol' 


Icc^ts ever to have seen him appear to feel the injn.y, 
}>out over his scanty allowance, or discover hatred 
towards his cruel master? View his gentleness ana 
kindness to a sot, who has indulged too long over his 
glass, often bending, turning and yielding to his giddy 
head ; and finally, when he is prostraled in the dust, 
now often does the sagacious animal, when compelled 
to tread on him, bear lightly and tenderly ; and when 
loose, appear unwilling to leave the helpless drunkard ; 
how often on his back are we conveyed in safety 
at night amidst difficulties, dangers,^ and unfamiliar 
roads ? And where is the traveller that does not re- 
collect that when returning on his journey, and in 
search of his home, when a road before unnoticed, 
had bewildered and stopped his progress, how readily 
and how faithfully has the horse thrown his ears to- 
wards the right road, and with quickening steps dis 
irovered his eagerness to reach his home ? See him in 
the race, resolute, eager, and delighted, swelling every 
vein, and exerting every muscle and fibre to win the 
prize. Behold him in the field of battle, furious, in 
Irepid, and full of fire, forgetful of danger, rushing on 
the point of the bayonet, delighting in the glittering 
of arms, and panting for victory. View him in the 
civil and more happy circles of domestic life, in the 
service of the rich, the liberal, and the happy, proudly 
and smoothly rolling behind him the rattling chariot 
wheels, with an aspect lively, gay, and cheerful. II 
to an animal like this, I can be the cause of adding to 
his comfort, improving his condition, making him fat, 
relieving his pain, removing disease, and sometimes 
save life, I shall feel as if I had rendered a service to 
ihe community at large, and performed a part o) the 
task assigned me. 


When the reader reflects that a large volume has 
f)een written on the anatomy of the horse's foot alone, 
he will easily conceive my confined, embarrassed, and 
cramped situation; having to treat of so many differ- 
ent parts and subjects, within the scope of two hun- 
dred pages. In doing of this, it will be impossible for 
me to give more than the skeleton or bare outline of 
the interesting theme, which I hope, at some future 
day, will be filled up and completed by some more 
fortunate genius. 




mason's farrier. 

Appendix to Mason, Page 195 
Addenda to Mason, 289 

by feeling, 

Breeding and raising, 

~ — do. do. by Broadnax 

Blooded horse, to choose 

Blaze or star 


Broken wind 

Bots or grubs 


Big head 



Carriage horses 

Castrating colts 

Crib biting 

Chest founder 


Colic or Gripes 

Clyster or glyster 


Diseases, infectious to prev. 126 






















Diarrhoea or purging 

Excessive fatigue 
Eyes, good and bad 




Founder, chest 





Galls, wind 

Gravel in the bladder 

in the hoofs 

Glyster or clyster 


Heels, narrow 


gravel in 

Hooks or Haws 
Hinny and Mule 
(rJ»nioas diseaBes to prev*t. 


























Journey, treatment on Paob 6^ 

Keeping 23 

Legs 82 

Lampass 103 

Lock Jaw 148 

Lost appetite 149 

Marks 78 

Mane and tail 85 

Moon Eyes 92 

Mange 137 

Mash 156 

Mules 159 

Narrow hee^| 101 

Neck and shoulders 83 

Nicking 48 

Ostler 45 

Pricking M 

Poll evU 146 

Purging or Diarrhoea 151 

Race horse 39 

rider 28 

Horses, English mode 

of managemenU Slq. 39 

Ring bone HO 

Saddle horse 13 

Stables 46 

Star or Blaze 79 

Shoeing 83 

Starting 93* 

Stumbling 95 

Spavin 96 

String halt 99 

Splint 102 

Scratches 117 

Strangles 123 
Stone or gravel in bladder 124 

Strains 133 

Staggers 134 

Surfeit 138 

Sore tongue 140 

Saddle galls 150 

Sitfasts 151 

Spot a white horse 157 

Treatment on a journey 6H 

Wind broken 98 

Wind galls 104 

Wounds 123 

Wall's receipt 158 

Yellow waMsr 125^ 


VyTVie following are Numbered instead of being Paged, 


Alterative medicine for live 

stock No. 129 

Astringent medicines for live 

stock 131 

Balls and drinks, mode ot 

giving to horses 111 

Balls, cordial cough, &c. used 

in Veterinary practice 147 
Belly, diseases of 39 

Bladder, inflammation of 62 

in cattle 193 

Bloody urine in horses 63 

Blistering 118 

Sweating of Liquid 120 

Bleeding 126 

Blisters used in VeteriiAry 

Pharmacopoeia 138 

Blood or bog spavin 89 

Bloody ray (see dysentery) 196 
Blown or hove in cattle 187 
Blast or hove in sheep 220 

Blood rot in do. 222 

Bowels, inflammation of 45 

Bone spavin and splints 87 

Braxy or dysentery in cattle 196 

in sheep 224 

Broken wind 37 

Bridle sores 26 

Broken knees 85 

Catarrhal fever in horses 13 

Capulet of the hock in do. 81 
Canker or quittor in do. 106 

Castration, nicking, docking 

Nind cropping 125 

Castrating lambs, &c. 241 

' swine 243 

Catarrh or influenza in cattle 177 
Cattle surgery 201 

obstetrics 204 

■ vermin on 209 

Calves, diseases of 207 

Calving 205 

Chronic cough 36 and 218 

Clysiers used in Veterinary 

Medicine 143 

Claveau, or sheep pox 214 

Clystering 122 

('ondition of horses 2 

Cough, chronic 36 1 

— in sucep 218 1 

Colic, red or enteritis No. 45 

, fret or gullion 53 

, in horn cattle 189 and 194 

Corns in the feet of horses 101 

Cracks 95 

Cud, loss of 198 

Cutting in feet of horses 108 

Curb of the hock in horses 92 

Cutting and spaying pigs 243 

Daisy or turning in cattle 199 

Diseases of horses, see horse 

Diseases in feet of horses 96 

Founder 98 

Contraction 99 

Pumiced foot 100 

Corns 101 

Burning thrush 103 

Sand Cracks 104 

Pricks 105 

Quittor and canker 106 

Treads 107 

Cutting 106 

Diarrhoea or looseness 52 

in cattle 1 95 

Diseases of sheep 210 

swine 242 

Diuretic used in Veterinary 

Medicine 151 

Diseases of horn'd cattle 173, 183 
Diabetes, profuse staling or 

pissing evil 64 

Drinks and balls, mode of 

giving in Vet. Surgery 111 
Drinks in Vet. medicine 149 
Dysenteric inflammation 49 

Dysentery or braxy in cattle 196 

— in sheep 224 

Dogs, diseases of 244 

Asthma 245 

Sore eyes 248 

Ci^ncer 249 

Colic 250 

Cough 251 

Distemper 252 

Fits 254 

Inflamed bowels 255 

Inflamed lung» 256 

Madness 257 

Worming whelps 262 

Mango 263— Worms 2<;4 




Rmbrocations used in Ve. 

terinary practice No, 154 

Epidemic fever or pest 15 

Epilepsy 17 

Ey<Mi, horses, diseases of 18 

Farcy, 74 

Feet, founder of 96 

Fetlock, strains of the 83 

Fever in horned cattle 174 &> 183 
Fever medicine, used in ve. 

terinary practice 157 

Fistulous withers 28 

Firing 121 

Fret, colic gripes •r gullion 54 
Flux, slimy, see dysentery 
Frontal worms in sheep 236 
Fomentations in veterinary 

surgery 113 

Founder of the feet 96 

Foot stoppings for horses 166 
Foul in the foot in oottle 202 
Foot rot in sheep ^ 232 

Fumigations used in veteri- 
nary practice 157 
Gall in sheep 224 
Gidin do. 233 
Goggles in do* 233 
Glanders 71 
Glanderous rot in siieep 217 
Grease 93 
Gravel and stone in horses 65 
Gripes, colic, fret or gullion 53 
Gutta Serena 20 
Gullion, colic, gripes or fret 53 
lloRSEii, diseases of 1 
In and out of con- 
dition, and when 
diseased. 2, 3, 4 
Inflamrastory diseases 5 
Diseases of the head 17 
Neck 28 
Chest 31 
Skin 66 
Glanders and farcy 71 
Diseases uf the ex- 
tremilicts 76 
Diseases o^the Feet 96 
liepatitU tr yellows 58 
ilide bound 70 
Hoof Liquid foi veterinary 

practice 162 

Hove or blown tr cattle 187 

H >rn distemper or horn ail 208 

Hove blast or wind colic jr 

sheep No, £29 

Hogs, see swine 
Hydatids or staggers in sheep 223 
Inflanmiatory fever in horse 

diseases 5 

Greneral 6 
Local 7 
Inflammation of the brain or 

phrenitis 8 

Inflammatory fever in horse 

diseases, general 33 

local 7 

Influenza or catarrh fever in 

horses 13 

Inflammation of the lungs in 

in cattle 

Inflammation, of the bowels 
^— — — — of the liver 
in sheep 





Incontinence of urine 
Influenza or catarrh 
Inflammation of the stomach 

in cattle 185, 189 

Inflammation of the kidneys 

or red water 191 

Inflammation of the bladder 193 
Jaundice in sheep 223 

Knees broken, in horses 85 

Lampass or mouth disease 25 
Lambs, castration of 241 

diseases of 238 

Liver, chronic inflammation of 58 

, diseases of in horses 58 

Lock jaw, in horses 11 

Looseness or diarrhoea 53 

Lungs, inflammation of 31 

Malignant fever in horses 15 
Madness, canine 257 

Mange 66 

^— in Dogs 263 

Mallenders and sallenders 84 
Malignant epidemic or niur. 

rain in sheep 3 lb 

Megrims 17 

Morfounder or catarrhal fe. 

ver in horses 13 

Moon blindness or opthahnia 19 
Mineral poison v 4U 

Murrain or pest 

— in cattle 

Murrain in sheep 


«m*" I " m 




l! i 


i I 



Neck, diseafles of No. 28, 30 

Opthalmia or blindness 19 

Ointments used for horses, 
cattle, sheep, &c. by Vete- 
rinary practitioners 169 

Obstetrics in cattle 204 

Overreach or tread in the 
feet 107 

Pest or murrain 15 

Peripneumonia or inflamed 
lungs in sheep 217 

Pendro, a disease in sheep 233 

Pinning do. in do. 226 

Pharmacopoeia in horses and 
cattle 128 

Poll Evil 21 

Poison, mineral 40 

■, vegetable 42 

•, in sheep 239 

Poultices in Veter. surgery 115 

Pneumonia or inflammation 
of the lungs 



Pricks in the feet 

Pumiced foot 

Purging medicine in Veteri- 
nary practice 

Puckeridge or wornals in 

Pigs, see swine 

Quittor and canker in the 
feet of horses 


Sand cracks 

Ballenders and mallenders 


Scalding mixture for poll 

Scouring or diarrhoea in hum 
ed cattle 

Scour in sheep 

Scab or shab in sheep 

Sheep, diseases of 

Sore throat 

Staggers in horses 

in cattle 








Staggers in sheep 

m sheep 

Strangles, vivos or ives 
Stranguary or suppression of 
urine 63 



9 and 43 





Stone or gravei in horses No. 66 
Stomach staggers 43 
-, inflammation of 

in sheep 219 

Strain in the shoulder 76 

, in the whirl bone 78 

, in the stifle 80 

, in the back sinews 81 

, of the leg 62 

, of the fetlock and cof. 

fin joints 83 

Shoulder strains in horses 76 

Splints and bone spavins 8C 

Spavin, blood and bog 89 

Skin, diseases of in horses 65 

Surfeit 67 

Surgery in cattle 199 

Swelled neck 30 

Swine, diseases of 242 

, cutting and spaying 243 

Tag-belt in sheep 22t' 
Tetanus or locked jaw in 

horses 1 1 

in cattle 200 

Teeth 27 

Throat, diseases of 29 

Thick wind or pneumonia 34 
Thoroughpin or blood spavin 89 
Treads or overreach in the 

feet 107 

Ticks in sheep, to destroy 240 

Turnsick, in horses 17 

, in sheep 233 

Urinary organs of horses, 

diseases of 60 

Urine, suppression of 63 

bloody err stranpuary 63 

incontinence of 63 

Veterinary operations on 

horses 109 
Veterinary Pharmacopoeia 127 
Vives or ives 24 
Vermin on cattle 209 
Warbles 68 
Warts 69 
Wash medicines used by ve- 
terinary practitioners 167 
Wind broken or pneumonia 37 
Whirl bone strains 78 
Worms in horses 57 

in sheep 236 and 237 

Wounds, treatment of 110 

Wornals or puckeridf]^ 20'' 



Worm under the horn, a dis. 

ease in she«p, No, 233 

Watery head in sheep 233 

Wind colic in do. 321 

Yellows or liver complaint 


, hot, in oittle 190 and ig*" 

— — in sheoD 32^ 




■ 1 . 

' - 4 

: , ' 









When a horse is purchased for the saddle ajonc, it 
IS to be presumed he must be clear of all defects, 
strike the fancy, entirely please the eye, and, from his 
happy symmetry and due proportion of form, stana 
the second beauty in the world. When this is the 
case, he is seldom disposed of at too high a price. — 
Amongst the great number of people in the l/niterf 
States, I am induced to believe, there are but few 
good judges of a horse calculated for the saddle In- 
deed, they are better informed upon almost apv othei 
subject that can be mentioned. Yet the Virgmlansi 
have a large number of fine horses, and are accused 
of devoting too much attention to that beautiful ani- 
mal. Among all the difficulties attending the 'affairs 
of common *ife^ there is not, perhaps, a greater than 
that of choosing a beautiful, an elegant, or good horse. 
Nor will this appear strange, when we consider the 
number of circumstances that are to be taken mt«i 
'•consideration, with regard to shape, size, movements, 
jmbs, marks, eyes, colour, age, &c. &c. — which are 
so various that it would fill a volume to describe; and 
indeed the best judges are often obliged to content 
themselves with guessing at some things, unless they 
have sufficient time to make a thorough trial. If J 
were asked, wnat were the two most beautiful objo<^l» 





in nature, I would answer, that wonnan, love*y woman, 
before whose^ charms the soul of man bows with re- 
verence and submission, stands unparalleled ; next to 
this matchless paragon, 9 beautiful horse displays 
nature in her highest polisii and greatest perfection ; 
his gay and cheerful appearance, proudly prancing 
and bounding, his elegance of shape, smoothness oi 
limbs, polish of skin, due proportion of form, and 
gracefulness of action, united to a mild, soft, faithful, 
and patient disposition, raise him far above the rest ol 
ihe brute creation. I shall now proceed to lay down 
some rules, and to give some hints, for the examina- 
tion of a horse previous to a purchase being made, to 
prevent the liberty of exaggeration, which is too fre- 
quently taken by dealers in those animals, and which 
too often terminates to the serious injury of the pur- 

It is to be much lamented, that men who entertain 
a proper idea of honour in all the common affairs of 
life, so soon as they become tlie owner of a horse, 
feel at liberty, without being sensible of doing violence 
to their morals, to knock off two or three years from 
his real age, and express themselves, with apparent 
delight, of services, gaits, and qualities, to which he 
never had any sort of claim or pretention ; carefully 
keeping a secret every vice and defect to which he is 
subject. I do not pretend to say this is the case with 
all who exchange or sell a horse, l)ut that it has often 
occurred no person will deny. If a fraud can be prac- 
tised at all, it is sufficient reason for the inexperienced 
and unsusp<3cting to be placed on their guard. When 
n horse iS offered for sale, I would advise the pur- 
chaser to ask one question, viz: Is he in all respects 
jvcrfectly sound? Should a cheat be practised on you, 
binder such circumstances, an action would lie against 

^ * 



the seller, and damages could be recoverable; but be 
vour own judge, not permitting any declaration tlia'i. 
may be made by the seller, to alter your opinion ol 
form, age, condition, movements, action, &c. As 
the eyes of a horse are the most important organ, first 
let him undergo a strict examination; ascertain his 
age, examine his figure and action; guarding yourself 
against being toe much pleased or fascinated with the 
appearance of a new object; view his feet and legs; 
large ridges on the hoofs, or very flat feet, discover a 
horse to be subject to founder : large gouty legs, with 
enlarged tendons indicate strains and other injuries, 
examine his hind legs, with great attention, just below 
the hock and inside the hind knee; if there is any 
unnatural prominence or knot, unlike the other knee, it 
wears the appearance of a spavin, which renders a 
horse of but little value. Splint, which appears on the 
inside of the fore legs, and wind-galls, upon the ancles, 
are unpleasant to the eye, but seldom produce serious 
lameness ; they furnish plain proof that a horse has 
been serviceable, and are very seldom productive of 
any other injury than stiffness, as he advances in years. 
Ride yourself, for the purpose of trying his gaits and 
qualities; as a rider accustomed to a horse, by private 
signs, such as manner of riding, bearing on the bit, 
leaning forward or backward, holding the heels close 
to his sides, &c. &c. &c., can make a dull horse appear 
gay and spirited, a wild horse gentle, a stumbler clear 
footed, one that is blind appear to see, and a starting 
horse free from that great objection, &c. &c Before 
mounting him, examine his knees, to discover if they 
are skinned, the hair off, or scarred; those are strong 
fymptomsof his politeness to a fault. Ride with your 
bridle loose over any uneven ground : If he is in the 
habit of stumbling, he will verv readily inform you 
2* B 







then approach some objoot pffeiisive to the sight; 'if 
he appears much alarmed, slopping suddenly, and 
attempting to turn round, paying but little respect to 
the bearing of the bridle, you may judge he has been 
long in the habit of that bad practice. Ride him in 
all his different gaits, to ascertain if they are smooth, 
easy, and agreeable ; move him about a mile, out and 
back, in fully half speed; frequently stopping him 
suddenly to try his wind, also if he is spavined; if his 
wind has been injured, he will blow unnaturally; 
making a loud wheezing noise, with great difficulty 
of breathing. While warm, ride him in cold water 
above the belly ; after which let him cool fifteen or 
twenty minutes, and if he is spavined, and has received 
temporary relief, by applications of any kind, the 
disease will make its appearance so plain, that you 
will discover evident marks of lameness. The spavin 
is often relieved for a time; and in a few instances 
has been permanently cured, by blistering, bathing 
with double distilled spirits, &c. Tae brisk exercise, 
&c. is intended to bring on a return of its effects, [:. 
case the animal should have had temporary relief from 
that distressing disease. 

Having given such hints as I am persuaded will 
lead to the discovery of any material defects in a horse 
about to be purchased, I shall now proceed to the 
description of a horse that I consider elegant and fit 
Q)r the saddle. 

In order that he may have just claim to beauty and 
elegance, his head must be small, thin, bony, and 
tapering; his countenance lively and cheerful; his 
ears quick of action, high, erect, narrow, thin, and 
pomting togethei ; nis eyes kirge, round, full, and black 
sparkling with cheerfukiess, yet hushing his agitating 
passion-: ''nto order and obedience; his nostrils large 



inA expanded, and when in motion, disclosing a deep 
red colour ; his brow and forehead smooth, and noi 
too flat ; his nose somewhat rising, of good turn, and 
a little inclined to the Roman shape ; his neck long^ 
thin, delicate, and arched, forming a beautiful grada- 
tion from the breast and shoulders ; his mane half tho 
width of his neck, thin and smooth ; his shoulders high 
tapering, and thrown well back ; his breast plump, full, 
and of moderate width; his fore legs straight, flat, 
sinewy, and thin ; his arms large and muscular ; his 
back short, and not too much swayed for strength and 
durability, but pretty even and straight; his body 
rather round and swelling than flat, and of propor- 
fionable size ; his flanks plump and full, and the last 
rib approaching near the hip bones ; his hips and but- 
tocks full, round, and well covered with muscles ; his 
chine broad; his tail well placed, and naturally or 
artificially elegant, which adds much to his figure and 
gay appearance ; his thighs long, from the hip to the 
naunch bone large and bulging with muscles; his 
hocks broad, sinewy, bony, and clear of puffs ; his hind 
legs from the hocks short, bending a little rather than 
straight, flat, and sinewy ; fiis pasterns " moderate 
•ength, small and bony ; his hoofs cupped, small, rounn, 
and smooth ; his hind parts not tucked, but of easy 
turn and graceful slope ; when mounted his appearance 
should be bold, lofty, and majestic ; his eyes shining 
with intrepidity and fire ; his movements light and 
.-Miy as a phantom, with a fairy step, that would 
•icaicely break a dew drop; his actions smooth and 
fjraceful ; his colour should suit the taste of the pur- 
chaser, though a mahogany bay is certainly the besi 
colour; his marks large, of irregular white, to light up 
^e countenance, and at least two white legs, which 
will add much to his beautv — though it must V a^ 



knowledged, that all parts of a horse that are white, 
are much more tender than any other colour. When 
a horse is rode by any person for you to judge of his 
gaits, you should have him moved towards you, from 
you, and finally by you, as you may have the oppor- 
tunity of discovering, if there is any turning in and out 
about his knees and ancles, before or behind, which is 
very objectionable. A well shaped horse will track 
as true, oi his legs will follow each other in as direct a 
line, as the wheels of a well constructed carriage. — 
For him to be considered a good riding horse, he 
should move with ease to himself, and pass over the 
ground with great rapidity. Hard steps, short going, 
and great apparent labour, is offensive to the sight, 
unpleasant to the rider, and fatiguing to the horse him- 
self. With respect to the colour of horses, people 
ditier very widely ; a black horse, with white face and 
legs; a grey, or a mahogany bay, with white marks, 
when well kept, are all showy colours ; but for actual 
service, experience has proved, that dark colours, 
without any white feet, are far preferable ; for who 
ever recollects to have seen a black, sorrel, or bay 
horse, with a bald face and four white legs, distinguish 
himself on the turf, in four mile heats ? I am inclined 
to believe there is no first rate race horse, of that de- 
scription, within tlie United States. 

I have, perhaps, stated some facts relative to hoise 
jockeys, in a manner so plain and candid, as to draw 
from them their displeasure. My object is not to 
offend, but to instruct and be useful to those who want 
experience on the suoject, for which this little book is 

The annexea engraving (See Frontispiece) presents* 
Tiv idea of an elegant saddle horse; by a reference to 




. I 

. ) 



which, the judgment of a purchaser will not oiiK oe 
iHjnefited, but meet with considerable support 


Horses intended for a carriage or draft of any 
description, sUpuld be from five feet to five feet four 
inches high; though there are many excellent and 
truly valuable draft horses of much smaller size. The 
greatest attention should be paid to their habits, temper, 
quality, and disposition. A horse that has been once 
frightened in harness, never again is safe for tha* 
employment. So retentive are their memories, that 
they do not forget an alarm of that kind during their 
whole lives. For the want of experience on this subject, 
horses that have been frightened in harness have been 
hitched to carriages, v^rhich too often has been the 
cause of the untimely death of many amiable females 
and helpless children. Indeed, a pair of good and weli 
matched, gentle carriage horses, is rarely to be met 
with; as so many good qualities, together with a 
similarity of age, colour, size, and marks, is required to 
make them complete and valuable. Their eyes should 
be good, carriage lofty, bodies proportionaoly large, 
breasts full and wide, their whole bodies heavily 
muscled; their heads, necks, and ears delicate ; their 
legs large, sinewy, and bony; their pasterns short, and 
their iioofs moderately large, and not too flat. They 
should ho fre^ from starting, stumbling, and kir.kinf 







and meir dispositions patient, gentle, and obedient. 
It very often happens that horses are kept together as 
A match, on account of their colour and similarity of 
marks, when no respect is paid to their difference of 
form, spirit, and movements, w^hich often differ as 
widely as the mettled racer from the dull cart horse 
When thus badly matched, they would very soon 
be separated by a good judge, and nothing short of 
necessity should ever permit them to draw together. 
Carriage horses should carry good tails, naturally or 
artificially, which adds much to their gay and elegant 
appearance; presenting figures ready, apparently, to 
move upon the wind, whilst they are perfectly gentle 
and manageable. Horses of diflerent colours, whose 
spirit, «ze, and movements are similar, are a much 
better match in harness than those of the same colour, 
with three or four inches difference in height; or one 
dull, and the other spirited; one young, the other old; 
one fat, the other poor; one with a bald face and white 
legs, the other with white legs; or one active, and the 
other clumsy. 

I have thus taken up the time of the reader, to make 
him the better judge, and give him a correct idea of 
a bad match of carriage horses, which will assist him 
much in selecting those that are good. After being 
thoroughly satisfied about the shape, age, condition, 
«kc., of a pair of carriage horses you may be about to 
purchase, it will be necessary, in justice to yourself 
to try them in harness; though the seller will assure 
you they are as gentle as lambs, true as honour, and 
fnally, the best pair of horses in the world; although 
II is possible for such a statement to be a fact, I woula 
advise that a trial should be made, and the purchase) 
»»ecome nis own judge; for which purpose hare them 
hitcheil m a carriage, and driven several times up and 



down the steepest hill that the road maty cross, wliicli 
is most convenient: if they have any tricks, or are noi 
true draft horses, it can be readily discovered: next, 
for the purpose of discovering if they have ever been 
alarmed in harness, frequently open and shut the car- 
riage door, also move and rattle the steps ; if they have 
ever been frightened in harness you will very soon be 
compelled to desist; then by coming to their front, and 
with attention observing their ears and eyes, you will 
be informed to your entire satisfaction, if they are safe 
Horses that have been once alarmed in harness, so 
soon as they hear any rattling noise behind them, 
begin to grow restless, sinking or squatting behind, 
holding the head high, snorting, fetching long breaths, 
moving the ears with great quickness, at the same 
time showing the whites of their eyes. Let me warn 
the reader against the purchase of such horses ; they 
are unfit and unsafe for the use of a family. Horses 
for harness, that are fiery and fretful, are very objec- 
tionable, and should always be avoided; but great care 
should be taken to distinguish between animals of this 
description, and those that are eager and spirited ; the 
former begin to prance and tret the moment they are 
out of the stable, until they exhaust themselves with 
fatigue ; but the latter endeavour only to be first in the 
chase, or foremost in the field, and are truly valuable; 
possessing those qualities that resemble prudence and 
r^ourage; the others, intemperate heat and rashness. 
Whenever carriage horses are driven, they should 
be moved off fifteen or twenty steps in a slow walk, 
without the cracking or flourishing of a whip, which 
IS so much the custom, and which is very frequently 
tlie cause of high tempered horses refusing to draw . 
flfter which their speed maybe quickened towhatevei 
gait you may prefer, by the use of some kind word 






to whfch all horses should be accustomed. It ?s v«fj 
much the practice with drivers to leave their horsea 
standing in a carriage, without any person to hold 
them, for hours together. Having seen the worst oi 
consequences result from this practice, (and with horses 
under the character of being gentle,) I would recom 
mend that drivers should never give up their reins 
until they are prepared with some person sufficiently 
strong to hold them. By using such precaution, the 
overturning and breaking many fine carriages, and the 
ruioing for ever many valuable and elegant carriage, 
horses, would be avoided. 


It is a remarkable fact, that horses run tn all shapes. 
But most generally, those excel upon the turf, that are 
of the following form : head and neck thin, small, and 
delicate; eyes large, plump, and full of expression; 
nostrils wide, red, and expanded; throttle large; 
shoulders high, thin, and running very far back ; breast 
plump, full, and wide; body long, round, and rather 
light than heavy; back short as possible; thighs long, 
large, full, and bulging; fore arm large and swelling 
towards his breast ; hocks broad, strong, and bony ; 
legs of moderate size, thin, flat, and sinewy; pasterns 
rather long and small, than otherwise; feet of propor- 
tionable size to the balance of his form; though, of the 
two extremes, small is the best; he should be nervous, 
tractable, and of good spirit, and he should be from 
five feet to five feet four inches high. Such a hoise, 
we.i managed, kept and placed in races, will seldom 
fail to distinguish himself on the turf. 







The keeping a horse for a race is attended with 
much trouble, and requires great attention: but is 
more simple than is generally believed by persons 
wanting experience on that subject. 

A large majority of grooms, even to the present day 
are in the habit of giving to race horses large quanti- 
ties of physic, (though the number engaged in tnis 
practice has been diminished within the last ten years,) 
and for the sake of those very valuable animals, I hope 
ere long, such an injurious practice will be entirely 
abolished. All the medicine on earth will never give 
to a horse speed and bottom, that is naturally deficient 
in those respects ; and if he is affected at all by its use, 
it must operate to his disadvantage. 

The plainest and simplest mode of keeping horses, 
has proved much the best, to all who have ventured, 
in defiance of old opinions and customs, to use that 
course. When a horse is in health, the medicine ge- 
nerally given by grooms, has the effect of relaxing 
the muscles, enfeebling the system, and expanding the 
pores of the skin. I am clearly of opinion, that those 
large doses, which are so often given, never cause a 
horse, when running, to fetch a longer breath, braced 
his muscles, added to the elasticity of his tendons, in 
vigoratcd his system, or gave Iwm, in any way, extra 
powers to perform the task assigned him ; but on the 
contrary, are frequently the means of throwing a 
horse out of order, that in all probability, under dif- 
ferent treatment, would have proved successful, if not 
master on the turf: indeed, this has sometimes been 
proved by the change of owners, and when a gooo 









horse has fallen into the hands of one that has observed 
plain and simple treatment— the horse that previous to 
the change never was more than second or third best, 
has run with more than anticipated success. 

But many old and ignorant grooms who have never 
been benefited by experience, and all the knowledge 
they possess have been handed to them by persons 
equally ignorant with themselves, are under a belief, 
that unless a horse swallows a certain number of wind 
halls, that it is impossible he can win a race ; added 
to which, they are extremely superstitious, and some, 
even at the present day, confide in tricks and witch- 
ciaft. It is to be much regretted that a good horse 
snouid e 'er fall into the hands of such blockheads. 

The first thing necessary in the keeping a race horse 
IS, a good log stable, about fifteen feet square : then 
provide a plenty of good and sweet old corn, fodder, 
and oats, and a sufficient quantity of clean and dry 
straw, to change his bed every two or three days. 

Most horses, when first taken up for the purpose of 
l)eing kept, require bleeding; which a groom can 
always be a judge of from the appearance of the ani- 
mal. Good cloths, girts, &c. should be provided and 
kept on the horse, except at the hours for rubbing, 
which should be regularly three times a day ; in the 
morning, and evening after practice, and at twelve 
o'clock ; for which purpose a curry-comb, brush, straw 
and a large woollen cloth, must be provided and well 
used. Good rubbing assists in putting a horse in order, 
and places on his skin a beautiful gloss. His legs 
must be washed three times a day in clear cold water, 
after which they must be rubbed dry with straw, and 
the naked hand rubbed over the ancles and pasterns, 
lintil a small degree of warmth is felt Th2 staWo 
sliould be kept perfectly clean. 




A ho/sc should be given such practice as he is well 
able to bear. As those animals frequently differ in 
every respect so widely from each other, it is impos- 
sible to lay down any rule that should govern, relative 
to the speed or quantity of practice necessary for horses 
in training. 1 will only remark, that a horse should 
be practised in a moderate gallop, the distance he is 
intended to be run, moving briskly every time he passes 
tiie stand, and for a short distance on the back ol the 
ground: he then should be walked about a mile, and 
a^-ain gallopped in manner first directed. Some fleet 
and delicate horses require very little practice indeed; 
while other hardy and hard bottomed horses require 
and can bear verv hard practice. But the appetite oi 
a horse is the best criterion, as relates to that subject. 

If a horse refuses to eat, it is an evidence that his 
practice is either too hard or too quick; when he eats 
heartily, it is a proof that he is able to bear what is 
given him. When a horse is first taken into keeping, 
his allowance for the first two or three days, should 
be rather short; which should be offered four times a 
day. His exercise should be walking, for the first 
three or four days ; two or three times the distance, or 
round the course of his contemplated race ; after whicn 
time, his food may be increased with his exercise, 
and he may be regularly fed with from two quarts at a 
feed to four quarts. His food should be often changed 
and prepared thus : his hommony (Indian corn ground 
coarse) should be first winded, then thrown into clean 
water, so as to separate the part that is nutritious from 
the husk and chaff; the oats should be lightly beaten 
in a common hommony mortar, to separate them from 
\he hull or chaff, which may be blown off; his fodaei 
should be stemmed whenever it is discovered he hu> 

H ^ 




foo much belly. A horse never should be drawn 
auddenly, as nothing is more weakening. 

The best medicine on earth, that can be employed 
in keeping of a horse, to gite him wind and bottom, as 
the grooms term it, is good and sweet food. A greater 
proportion of old oats, hay, or hommony, opens the 
bowels ; and a large proportion of fodder and oats, 
when prepared in the way directed, has the reverse 
effect; so that by using food that actually contains 
nourishment, and will certainly benefit your horse, you 
may place him in whatever kind of order you think 
proper, without using those medicines which have a 
certain tendency to weaken and relax him. About 
two mashes during the time of keeping, is very bene- 
ficial ; the first as soon as you commence ; the second, 
about eight days previous to his running; composed 
of one gallon of bran, one table spoonful of flour oj 
sulphur, and one tea spoonful of saltpetre. Most 
grooms are in the habit of giving one, two, or three 
sweats, during the time of keeping; which method of 
hardening the flesh I am much opposed to. If a horse 
is too gross, gradually increase his exeixise, which will 
have the desired eflect. Whenever a horse has to 
undergo one of those sweats, he is so much weakened 
and relaxed, as to require at least one week to recovei 
his strength. Should a horse, in keeping, lose his 
appetite, it can readily be restored, by a single inno- 
cent drench, composed of a quarter of an ounce cf 
asafcetida, one table spoonful of salt, and one quart of 
sassafras tea. Good food, regular kcding, moderate 
exercise, and strict attention to rubbing, are of much 
more importance and benefit to a horse in keeping, 
than the aomniistering of large doses of physic, which 
ins nature docs not require. 

When a horso is wel! kept, he will noi ap[>ear very 




ftit, but his flesh will be very firm and hard ; liis legs 
and ancles must be perfectly cool, and not pulled or 
swelled ; his eyes should be lively, and countenance 
cheerful: he should possess' no bad habits, but bo 
tractable, gentle, and manageable ; his actions smooth 
and graceful ; he should be taught patience ; and often 
j)ractised in starting around the race course, never 
permitting him to go off, until the word GO is given. 
Many advantages result hi a race, to a horse, being 
oroperly broke in starting. 

After a horse has gone through his practice, and has 
been well rubbed, &:c. &c. his feet should be stufied, 
(during the time of his standing in the stable) with 
fresh cow manure, or clay and salt, to prevent his 
ancles from swelling or being heated; his legs should 
be bathed once a week, with equal parts of old peach 
brandy and fresh butter, or sweet oil and vinegar, 
stewed over the fire until well mixed, and applied 
warm as the hand can bear it. 

Whenever a horse commences his brisk exercise, 
the under part of his ancles should be occasionally 
greased, to prevent their cracking and the scratches 
being produced. The heels of most young horses 
crack, during their exercise, unless this precaution is 
used ; fresh butter, sweet oil, or hog's lard, answers 
well for that purpose. 

The subject of keeping horses is so extensive, that 
to treat fully on it, would require a book at least tho 
size of this ; the reader, therefore, must be conten 
with the few hints and few pages I have devotea lo 
this subject. 


RACIS Fini^ic 


To become a valuable and a good race rider, reqiih<;s 
more capacity, judgment, experience, and honour, than 
are often found in boys in the habit of riding. And 
no person can be successful on the turf, unless lie can 
place the utmost confidence in his rider ; whose in- 
tegrity and honour it would be advisable frequently to 
put to the test. Boys aref sometimes so young, foolish, 
and destitute of principle, as to receive bribes and 
promises : preventing the best horse from winning, to 
the disgrace of all concerned, and the serious injury 
of his owner ; who, in such cases, never should iaii to 
make an example of all persons engaged in the villany. 

A good race rider will have the pad of his saddle 
wet, before he mounts, to keep it firm in its place ; he 
will try his stirrups, and prove them long enough to 
raise himself about two or three inches clear of the 
«addle : he will then tie his bridle a length that will 
illow his horse, when he bears him gradually and 
fteadily, to run at his ease, without being jerked 
or jostled ; he should never make a false start, but 
come up even and go ofl' smoothly, without fretting or 
causing his to rear; and above all other things 








Bl net Jind pointed attention should be paid to the orders 
given, and they rigidly adhered to. 

A rider should bear a little forward, steadily as 
possible, and without altering the attitude of his body, 
when whipping, pushing, or running at his ease, taking 
great care to remain steady in his stirrups, holding his 
elbows close, and his hands low. 

A rider, after running his heat, should never dis- 
mount, or give up his horse to any other person, until 
it is his turn to prove his weight, and is directed to 
come to the stand. 




The breeding and raising of horses, to most persons, 
Is a very amusing and pleasing task ; but it is attended 
with much trouble and expense, unless well managed, 
and then it becomes not only a subject of profit, but 
is well worth the attention of any person, whose situ- 
ation will admit of it, for the purpose of making a 

The raising of cold blooded or common horses, is 
generally a disadvantage to any person, being neithei 
interesting or profitable. A colt three years old, of 
the above description, seldom costs the owner less than 
one hundred and twenty dollars; and when he maKCS 
a sale, twice out of three times that sum cannoi 6e 
obtained; consequently there is a loss, independent 
of trouble. But colts, three or four yeais old, from 
the best stock in the United States, of large size and 




r. ( 

having distinguished themselves on the turf, ha vt jaI' 
inanded from one hundred to one thousand pounds . ! 

By raising and running such horses, large sums ol 
money have been accumulated in the United States, 
and particularly in Virginia, where the blood, speed, 
and beauty of horses, are equal to any in the v^orld. 

Much has been stated by English authors, on the 
subject of blood, form, and speed of the English horses ; 
particularly Dorimant, Bay Malton, Eclipse, High- 
flyer, Matchem, Shark, Childers, &c. &:c. 6z:c. But 
could the blood, form, speed, and bottom, of our Ame- 
rican horses. Brimmer, Chanticleer, Leviathan, Virago, 
Surprise, Florizel, Potomac, American Eclipse. &c. 
&c. (fee. have been contrasted with them, I am induced 
to believe they would have had the same claim to the 
page of record and superior performance. 

True it is, that of Flying Childers it is stated, that 
ne run a mile in a few seconds over a minute. My 
regard for the life of every human being, particularly 
a valuable race rider, induces me to wish our horses 
may never perform the mile in that time, though we 
have several amongst us whose speed is unknown, 
although they were on the turf several years, contending 
with very fine race horses. 

I must confess, that for a horse to run a mile in a 
minute, or eighty-two and a half feet in a second, (as 
stated) surpasses any idea that I have entertained of 
ihe velocity that a horse was capable of. 

In order to raise a beautiful and good racer, a stiKl 
should be made choice of, that will be a good cross, and 
of the best blood; not less than five feet two, though 
five feet four inclies high, is a preferable size. He 
should be well proportioned, elegantly formed, of maho- 
Kany bay colour, and clear of all defects, particu 


m.Tv spavin and blindness: and should mi only have 
„„>ved himself in possession of speed on the turf, out 
bottom also ; and should be a sure foal getter 

A mare should be made choice of, not less than five 
feet high, with a delicate head and neck, great length 
of body, large belly, and above all other things, one has proved herself, by her colts, to be a good 

breeder. . , r *u;« 

When you commence breeding with a mare of this 

kind vou are almost certain of raising a valuable colt. 

But when you commence with one untried you run a 

great risk of losing time and raising a horse of the 

120 dollar price, unless the marev or stock from M 

she originated, was first rate and remarkable for their 

fine colts. Indeed there appears to be the same s.mi- 

larity in the blood of horses that exist in men, as 

respects their good and bad qualities, shape &c. &c 

We find vice common throughout some families while 

we see virtue reigning in others. One breed of horses, 

under every care and attention, will only raise you a 

coarse horse or pony; whilst good blooded hor^s 

even half starved and under every disadvantage, will 

show strong marks of beauty, activity, and size ; and 

after winning from his master kind treatment often 

becomes the champion of the turf. I have known 

several first rate race horses that were once plough 

and draft horses. , 

A brood mare, that has produced one or two good 
racers, from a good cross, in all probability will, at 
Rnv time produce one, when under similar advantages. 
When a colt is foaled early in the spring, he will be 
under every btuiefit that can be derived from size 
strength, and age ; consequently, it would be advisabk- 
to put a mare to horse at such time as would produ(.e 
a colt about the fiflceuth or twentieth ot April. A 



i 'h 



mare generally goes with foal eleven months and as 
many days as she is years old. A colt foaled in April, 
when three years old would have to carry no more 
weight in a race field than one foaled in August ; which 
would give to the one first foaled a difference of three 
months of age, and of equal blood and under similar 
advantages. The one first foaled ought very certainly 
to prove best on the turf, from three to seven years old 
After your mare has been put to the horse of youi 
choice, she should not be confined during her preg. 
nancy, but a house or shed about twelve feet square, 
should be built for the purpose of sheltering her from' 
the rain or bad weather ; the south side of this house 
should be left entirely open, so that the mare might 
come in or go out at pleasure : and a manger and rack 
should be confined in it for the purpose of feeding. A 
good bed of straw, and that frequently changedt will 
add much to her comfort, and she will be induced to 
sleep under the shelter if the litter is kept clean.— 
Adjoining this house there should be a lot, enclosed 
with post and railing, containing from one to four 
acres of ground, clear of snags, grubs, and stumps ; in 
which the mare should be confined about two oi three 
weeks previous to her foaling : she will then be con- 
ventent to assistance, should any be necessary. 

Mares frequently produce colts at fourteen or fifteen 
years of age, and sometimes twenty ; but from five to 
twelve years of age, from experiments made, appears 
to be the most valuable part of a mare's life for raising 
colts. Experience has also proved the great advaii^ 
tage resulting to the form and size of a colt, from 
letting him get thin upon grass alone, two or three 
time, previous to his being three years old; after which 
nme he may be constantly pushed as much as possible. 
When the dam and sire of a colt are small, it is W, 



be presumed a colt produced by them will make a 
smaJl horse, although there may be no objection to the 
blood: and if he makes a race horse, it will be of tiic 
unprofitable kind. He may be a winner at three years 
old; at four years old, second best; and being too 
small to carry weight, he never can win again. Such 
a liorse will not command a high price with a judge of 
horses, as it is evident thai a large horse, with the same 
wel.'ht, will beat a small one, when they are equal in 
all Respects except size. Indeed, for the purpose ol 
draft or riding, a large horse will command double the 
sum of a small one, which plainly proves the importance 
of breeding from a large stock. 

When a colt arrives at the age of two and a hall 
years, it is time he should be handled, and taught the 
use of the bit. It is of great consequence he should 
be first gentled by a person who well understands (he 
management of horses, to prevent bad habits; as fir&t 
impressions are never entirely removed from man or 



__-.'•■ :■,!■« 




( Th*' following is the mode of raising Blooded Horses, as pursued hf 
Wm. E. Broadnax, of Brunswick County^ Virginia.^ 



« In the first place, be particular in selecting a good 
stock lO breed from. When the mare is near foaling, 
let her be to herself, and if early in the season, let her 
have a good roomy stable to foal in; and in good 
weather, let her and her colt be turned into a lot, (of 
wheat I prefer.) Wean the colt the first of October 
in a stable, until it is done snickering after its dam; 
then turn it in a lot ; if you have more than one, they 
will do best together. 

" Stable them at night, and turn them out in the day 
except in very bad weather : force them all you can the 
first winter. To do this, their principal food should be 
cut oats moistened with a due proportion of corn meal 
sprinkled over and mixed with them. Most foals are 
apt to be too delicate ; forcing them, and keeping them 
warm at ni5:ht, will increase the size of tneir limbs 
in proportion to the weiglit of their bodies. After 
they are one year old, they should not be kept so fat, 
nor yet permitted to get poor. A stud colt, which is 
intended to be kept as such, should be separated from 
otiier horses at a year old, and stabled of nights; his 
rack and manger should be so high as to strain him a 
little to get food ; the windows of the stable should 
also be high, as he will be looking out at them : by 
these means his shoulders will be thrown back, and his 
withers raised. If it be wished to increase his quar- 
teis, enlarge his muscles, and other material parts, 
keep him in the stable frequently, for several days 
together, which will animate him ; then turn him out in 



a lot, and encourage him to run and exert himsell al 
you can, as his parts will acquire size and strength m 
proportion to the use made of them. 

"I would recommend a mare of good form and 
thorough blood, though she cost the most, because her 
colts would cost -.o more to raise them than those from 
an ordinary mare, and would probably sell for more 
than three or four times as much. The reason I would 
wean in a stable is. that in the usual way of weaning 
in cornfields, &c. the colts run themselves poor before 
thev are weaned. I prefer wheat lots for mares and 
colts, because they like it better than any thmg else, 
and 1 think it agrees better with them. I find outs 
made use of as above stated, not only the most healthy 
and best, but also the cheapest food for mares and 
colts. In pursuing the course which has been laid 
down, I obtained the following results : 

" I selected a mare which I knew to be of good 
stock, but from improper raising was only four leet 
six inches high, and very delicate : The first remova. 
from her was four feet ten inches; the second remova 
five feet ; the third was five Jeet two incnes r tlie 
fourth was five feet six inches." 

Il I 







^The folhtoing answers were returned by William R. Johnson, to 
questions propounded by J, Marshall, of Fauquier Co, Va." 

•* Senate Chamber, February 4, 1829. 

1. Keep the colts in pretty good order, not too iat, 
until they are too years old, then break them gently. 

2. Keep them in lots, it does not matter as to size, 
taking care not to allow them to see other horses more 
than possible. 

3 and 4. Grass lots are best, and short grass. 

5. Dry food mostly — when young, cut oats. 

6. Give corn in the winter; oats in the summer; 
not more at a time than they eat clean. When they 
are once fat very light feeding is best. 

7. It is not at all necessary to rub them until they 
^ are two years cM. 

8. Wean the colts at about six months old. 
Should ihe above answers to your questions not be 

BufFiciently explicit, they will be with great pleasure 
»ddcd to. 


William R. Johnson 




[from the AMERIOJVff FARMER.] 


How to choose a race horse by his external appear ahce^ and to h* • 
judge of his symmetry by angular demonstration, 


1st. Di^w a base line from the stifle joint along the 
Dottom of the chest to the extreme point of the eJbow, 
and to the shoulder4)lade joint. 

2dly. Draw a line from the curb or hock by the hip 
joint above the back, to an imaginary point. 

3dly. Draw another line from the point of tlie shoul- 
der, ranging with the shoulder, and passing above the 
back, until it intersects the line at the imaginary point. 

4thly. Draw a line from the intersecting poin. of the 
shoulders, giving the same declension until it intersects 
the base line. 

5thly. From the stifle to the pomt of the 1 4Utock 
thence to the hip j?int, thence declining to the >tifle. 

6thly. Draw a line from the hip to the b& iC line 
right angular declension, then to the shoulder i p to the 

7thly. Then draw a straight line, regardle-.s of the 
curve of the back, to a straight line intersecting at the 
shoulder at the beginning of ti.e crest. 

8thly. Then take a line from *he point of the shoui- 
der, and angular degree, ranging vith the shouidei- 
blade to the top of the crest. 

Otlily. Tlien, regardless of the risnig of the cresL 





draw a straight line from the top of the shoulder-blade 
to intersect with the point of the former line. 

Thus the real symmetry of a grand and beautiful 
horse, possessed with muscular powers and strength, 
is formed by a right-angled triangle ; and the farther 
fiom it a race horse's form is, the less pretensions that 
no?'se has to beauty, speed, bottom, or lastingness, ability 
to carry weight, or activity. 

A thick, upright shoulder, is a very certain mark of 
a "stum bier," and is fit for no use whatever but the 
slow draft. 

A low coupling in the back, is a true mark of weak 
kiess; it denotes want of strength, lastingness, ability 
to carry weight, or speed. 

A low loin, is a certain mark of weakness, and a 
weakly and washy constitution. 

But a rising loin, of ability to carry weight, speed 
activity, and lastingness, and a good constitution, syrn 
metry, beauty, and muscular strength. 

A I'p.ce horse's legs cannot be too short. 

A great declivity, and tJiin shoulders, denotes 

A narrow breast, weakness 

A horse's breast bone, formed like that of the rabbit, 
denotes also speed, and it is the best form for a race 

A short, broad hock, denotes strength ; a broad stiflo; 
well let down to the curb or hock, denotes bottom or 
lastingness, strength, and activity. 

There are not two race horses in five hundred, pro- 
perly formed in the knees; which should l)e small, 
divested ot superfluous appendages, and strong ; ihey 
Qcnotc activitv and st^-ength. 

nwr. noRPE, 


A lax, bending pastern, denotes also speed ; a long 
liorse is preferable to a short one, because lie can 
cover a great deal of ground, and can bear pressing 
hetter and longer. 

The race horse, upon the whole, whose form in 
general, is composed of the essential properties of the 
ibllowing animals, viz. the rabbit, grey hound, and 
ostrich — is the best. 


December 6, 1827. 


The following is the English mode of management and working 1} 

Race Horses. 

In the managing and wo, king of race horses, 
three things are to be considered : the preparation of 
the horscj the conduct of the rider, and the after 
treatment of the horse. The preparation of a race 
horse for running a race is not the woi'k of a few days, 
if there be any great dependence un \he success. A 
month at least, is required to harden his muscles in 
training, by proper food and exercise, and to refine his 
wind, by clearing his body to *at degree of perfec 
tion that is attainable by art. It is first necessary to 
ascertain correctly the present state of the horse, as 
whether he be low or high in flesh ; and in eithei 
rase, a proper estimate should be formed of the limo 
and means required to bring him into true runnir»g 




♦ «' 



If a race horse be low in flesh, it is necessary to 
njdge ot the cause of such state, and to act accordingly. 
It is to be remarked, that spices are less to be dependeti 
on for this purpose than generous food, as malt mashes; 
and if any thing of the kind be used, let it be the simple 
cordial ball. Feed Irequently, and by little at a time: 
while he is thus low, let his exercise be walking only, 
and by no means spare his water, or he will become 
hide-bound: carefully watch him, that full feeding 
may not disagree by making his heels swell, or his 
coat unthrifty ; and if such appearances occur, mash 
him and begin his scourings, otherwise abstain from 
physic until he is in better health. As he improves in 
condition, increase his exercise, but not to such a 
degree as to make him sweat: his food must now be 
the best oats and beans, with wheaien or barley bread ; 
the beans and oats are to be put into a bag and beaten 
until the hulls are all off, and then winnowed clean ; 
the bread instead of being chipped in the common 
way, is to have the crust clean off. 

If the horse be in goodjlesh and spirits when taken 
up for his month's preparation, cordials are altogether 
unnecessary ; and the chief business will be to give 
l>im good food, and so much exercise as will keep him 

in wind, without over-sweating or tiring his spirits. 

When he takes larger exercise afterwards, towards 
the end of the month, it will be proper to have some 
horses in the place to run against him. This will put 
him upon his mettle, and the beating them will give him 
spirits. This, however, is t*) be cautiously observed, 
that ne has not a bloody heat given him for ten days or 
a fortnight before the plate is to be run for ; and that the 
last heat that is given him the day before the race, must 
be in his clothes : this will make him run with greatly 
ciiore Vigour when stripped for the race, and feeling the 

/jold wind on every part. In tne second week, the horse 
should have the same food and more exercise ; and in 
the last fortnight he must have dried oats, that lia\ e 
been hulled by beating; after this jockeys wet them 
with the whites of eggs beaten up, and then laid out in 
the sun to dry; and when dry as before, the horse 
is to have them : this sort of food being considered by 
them as very light of digestion, and very good for the 
creature's wind. The beans in this time should be 
given more sparingly, and the bread should be made 
of three parts wheat and one part beans, or of wheat 
and barley in equal parts. If he should become costive 
under tliis course, he must then have bran- water to 
drink, or some ale and whites of eggs beaten together ; 
and keep his body moist. In the last week all mashing 
is to be omitted, and barley-water given him in its place ; 
and every day, till the day before the race, he should 
;1 have his fill of hay ; then he must have it given him 

1 more sparingly, that he may have time to digest it ; 

and in the morning of the race day, he must have a 
^ toast or two of white bread soaked in ale, and the same 

Just before he is led out of the field. This is an excel- 
lent method, because the two extremes of fulness and 
fasting are at this time to be equally avoiaed ; the one 
heating his wind, and the other occasioning a faintness 
i that may make him loose. After he has had his food, 

? the litter is to be shook up, and the stable kept quiet, 

I that he may be disturbed by nothing till he is taken 

out to run. 

In the choice of a rider for wmning a rac^, it w 
necessary, as far as possible, to select one that is not 
only expert and able, but honest. He must have a verv 
close seat, his knees being turned close to the saddle 
skirts, and held firmly there; and the toes turnuo 
inwards, so that the spurs may be turned outwards lu 
6 !>' 

k. > 



liie horse s belly ; his left hand ^ovcmmg the horse • 
niouth, and his right the whip. During the whofe tim« 
ot the race, he must take care to sit firm in the saddle, 
Without waving or standing up in the stirrups. Some 
jockeys fancy the last a becoming seat ; but it is certain 
that all motions of this kind do really incommode the 
horse. In spurring the horse, it is not to be done by 
stickmg the calves of the legs close to the horse's side, 
as If It were mtended to press the wind out of his body • 
but on the contrary, the toes are to be turned a little 
outward^ and the heels being brought in, the spurs 
may just be brought to touch the side. A sharp touch of 
Uus kind will be of more service toward the quicken- 
>ng of a horse's pace, and will sooner draw blood than 
one of the common coarse kicks. The expert jockey 
win never spur his horse until there is greaVoccasion, 
and then he will avoid striking him under the fo^ 
bowels, between the shoulders and the girt ; this is the 
tenderest part of a horse, and a touch Uiere is to be 
leserved for the greatest extremity. 

As to whipping the horse, it ought always to be 
.ione over the shoulder, on the near side, except L^ 
very i.ard running, and on the point of victory ; then 
he horse IS to be struck on the flank with .. ^tron-. 
jerk; for die skin is the most tender of all there, and 
most sensible o the lash. When a horse is whipped 
and spurred, and is at the top of his speed, if he claE 
cars m his po e or whisk his tail, i, L proof that 'he 
jockey treats him hard, and then he ought to give ht 

wards and forwards m his mouth, and by that mean, 
.orcmg him to open his mouth, which will giv^ Tm 
wind, and be of great service. If there be any Z 

'*.l' let hin adversary lead, holding hard behind him. 



till lie sees an opportunity of giving a loose ; yel \n 
this case he must keep so close behind, that the other 
horse may keep the wind from him ; and that he, sit- 
ting low, may at once shelter himself under him, anu 
assist the strength of the horse. W the wind happen 
to be in their back, the expert jockey is to keep 
directly behind the adversary, that ho may have aL 
the advantage of the wind to blow !u« horse along, as 
it wore, and at the same time intercept it in regard to 
his advei*sary. 

When running on letytl smooth gi^und, the jockey 
is to beat his horse as much as the adversary will give 
him leave, because the horse is naturally more in- 
dined to spend himself on this ground; on the con 
trary, on deep earths, he may have more liberty, a& 
he will there spare hinvself. 

In riding up hill the horse is always to be favoured, 
by bearing him hard, for fear of running him out o/ 
wind; but in running down hill, if the horse's feel 
and shoulders will bear it, and tJ^ rider dares venture 
his neck, he may have a full loose. If the horse have 
the heels of the rest, the jockey must always spare 
him a little, that he may have a reserve of strength to 
make a push at the last post. 

On the jockey' t kno^jning the nature of the hors& 
that is to run agaimt Mm, a great deal depends ; for 
by managing accordingly, great advantages are to be 
obtained : thus, if the opposite horse is of a hot and fiery 
disposition, the jockey is either to run just behind iiim or 
cheek-by-jole with him, making a noise with the whip, 
and by that means forcing him on faster than his rider 
would have him, and consequently, spending him «• 
much the sooner : or else keep him just before him in 
sikth a slow gallop tliat he may either overreacii, oi bi» 

J I 



t : 




treading on the heels of the fore horse, enchingei 
tumbling over. Whatever be the ground that the 
adversary's horse runs worst on, the cunning jockey 
is to ride the most violently over ; and by this means 
it will often happen, that in follovs^ing he either stum- 
bles or claps on the back sinews. The several cor- 
rections of the hand, the whip and the spur, are also 
to be observed in the adversary, and in what manner 
he makes use o\ them : and when it is perceived by 
any of the symptoms of holding down the ears, or 
whrsking the tail, or stretching out the nose like a pig, 
that the horse is almost blown, the business is to keep 
nim on to his speed, and he will be soon thrown out 
or distanced. If the horse of the opponent looks dull. 
It is a sign his strength fails him ; and if his flanks 
beat much, it is a sign that his wind begins to fail him, 
and his strength will soon do so too. 

The after management of a horse that has run, in 
eludes the treatment between the heats, and the treat 
ment after the race is over. After every heat, there 
must be dry straw and dry cloths, both linen and 
woollen, ready to rub him down all over, after taking 
off the sweat with what is called a sweat-knife ; that 
is, a piece of an old sword blade or some such thing. 
After the horse has been well rubbed, he should be 
chafed all over with cloths wet in common water, 
till the time of starting again. When it is certainly 
known that the horse is good at the bottom, and will 
stick at the mrirk, he should be rode every heal to the 
l>est of his performance ; and the jockey is, as much 
as possible, to avoid riding at any particular horse, or 
slaying for any, but to ride out the whole heat with 
tile best speed he can. If, on the contrary, he has a 
fiery horse to ride, and one that is hard to manage, 
nard npoutlicd, and difficult to be held, he is to be started 

t)ehind the rest of the hoi-ses witli all imaginable cool- 
ness and gentleness ; and when he begins to ride at 
some command, then the jockey is to put up to the 
o^her horses ; and if they ride at their ease, and are 
hard held, they are to be drawn on faster; and if it be 
perceived that their wind begins to rake hot, and they 
want a sob, the business is to keep them up to that 
speed ; and when they are all come within Aree quar- 
ters of a mile of the post, then is the time to push for it, 
and use the utmost speed in the creature's power. 

When the race is over, the horse is immediately to 
be clothed up and rode home ; and immediately on his 
coming into the stable, the following drink is to be 
given him : Beat up the yelks of three eggs, and put 
them into a pint and a half of sound ale, made warm ; 
and let it be given with a horn. After this, he is to 
be rubbed well down, and the saddle-place rubbed over 
with warm water and vinegar, and places where the 
spurs have touched, with the same ; after this he should 
have a feed of rye bread, then a good mash, and at 
some time after these as much hay and oats as he will 
eat. His legs, after this, should be bathed some time 
with a mixture of vinegar and water. ' 



No situation that a ser\ ant can be placed in, requiret 
more activity, sobriety, .strength, attention, and indus- 
try, than that of an hostler. And how often do we 
see weak, lazy, careless, crippled, and even extreme 
r»Id men, worn out with age and infirmity, placed in 
tnat employment^ Indeed, tliose are often made 






#!hoice of that are unable to perform labour of ^n) 
description. Nothing can be more agreeable to s 
fatigued traveller, than to place his norse in possession 
of every pleasure, every comfort possible, after hi» 
having faithfully performed a hard ride, or on a journey , 
which he cannot have the opportunity of doing, unless 
a fit person is selected for an hostler. 

Many fine horses and stables have been destroyed 
by carelessness. Hostlers that smoke pipes or segars, 
are unfit for that employment. 



Nothing conduces more to the health of a horse, 
than a good and wholesome stable. It should be built 
upon a high, airy, and firm situation, that the horse, in 
Dad weather, may come in and go out clean. No 
animal delights more in cleanliness than the horse, or 
10 whom bad smells are more disagreeable and perni- 
cious. Great attention should be paid to the removal 
of all ofltnsive and putrid matter, to prevent the farcy 
and other troublesome and distressing diseases, which 
frequently proceed from such neglect. A log stable, fs 
preferable to any other, on account of its admitting a 
free circulation of air in summer ; and by the use o\ 
slabs or straw in winter, can be made warm and com- 
fortable. Opposite to each stall there should be a 
lattice or window, with a shutter; by which means you 
can, at pleasure, either welcome the cheerin<r breeze, 
or bar out the threatening storm. The rack should be 
jsmoor.h, hiirh. and firmly fastened to the wall ; which 
wilr piovont a horse injuring h^*s eyes, skinning his 




^ace, and doing himself other injury when feeding 
The upright pieces in a rack should be four, or foui 
and a half inches apart, to prevent long food from 
being unnecessarily wasted. The halter should nevei 
be tied to the rack, (several fine horses having been 
ruined by such carelesness,) but should be passed 
through a ring in the manger, and confined to a longer 
or smooth piece of wood^ weighing about a pound 
With a halter of this description, there is no danger 
of a horse's hanging, alarming, or injuring himself. A 
stall should be four and a half or ^ve feet wide, which 
will allow him to lie down with comfort. The stable 
floor should be planked, to mpke the coat of hair show 
to advantage ; but a dirt floor is far preferable, when 
a horse is wanted for actual service : there is a mois- 
ture received by the hoof from the earth, which is 
absolutely necessary to make it tough and service- 
able. Either kind of stable floors should be a littjo 
raised towards the manger, to turn the urine from the 
stall, which produces an unpleasant smell, and (when* 
permitted to stand a length of time) very unwhole- 
some vapours. When the size of a stable is calculated 
for several horses, the partitions between the stalls 
should be neatly and smoothly planked low enough to 
the floor, to prevent the horse when lying down, 
getting his legs through, and high enough at top to 
prevent them from smelling, biting, and molesting 
each other. A plentiful bed of clean, dry straw affords, 
to a fatigued or travelling horse, as great a welcome 
as his food, and is as necessary in a stable as tho 
Ditchfork, curry-comb, and brush. 










N'iCKiNG a horse has been generally believed to he 
attended with much difficulty, and to require great in- 
genuity and art to perform the operation. The nicking 
alone, is by far the easiest part, as the curing and 
pullying requires considerable attention and trouble. 
Nicking is an operation i>erformed for the purpose o! 
making a horse carry an elegant artificial tail, which 
adds much to his beauty and value. A horse may be 
finely shaped, even without fault, except carrying a 
bad tail, and he will not command a larger sum than 
one of very k>ose and ordinary shape elegantly nicked. 
One thus operated on, will have an appearance o! 
gaiety, sprightliness, and life, \vhich cannot be given 
by art in any other way ; indeed, it very trequently 
happens the tail sells for one fourth the value of the 
horse, which argues strongly in favour of the opera- 
tion being performed on every tolerable likely horse, 
that is naturally deficient in that respect. 

Some are ol opinion, and particularly our plain, 
good old farmers, who are in the habit of raising fine 
horses, that nicking is injurious, weakening the back, 
unstringing the tendons, relaxing the muscles about the 
hind parts, causing a horse frequently to fall and some- 
times to catch upon their ancles behind, almost 
breakmg the rider's back ; in all of which they are 
entirely mistaken, and would readily be convinced of 
the fact, if they were to study the anatomy of the 
horse. Every tendon, muscle, nerve, artery, &c. that 
is separated in nicking, is always cut in docking ; 
and we do not find it the result of experiment, that a 
h'Mse with a long tail is more durable, f^tronger, rec 






Ls * 






from catching or sinking behind, than a horse thai has 
been docked. Nicking will never make a bad horse a 
good one, or a good horse a bad one. 

The opinion unfavourable to nicking, no doubt, has 
taken its rise from many delicate, weak, long-legged 
horses being nicked for the purpose of selling them. 
When the operation succeeds well, the horse assumes 
a new appearance, being more like a dancing master 
than a grave digger, after which lie will continue to 
practise his old habits of catching behind, or making a 
bow, although he appears as if he could glide upon the 
wind. This elegant tail causes them to forget this is the 
same tender and weak horse that was in bad habits 
before he was nicked; and almost proves, without 
reflection, that nicking is the cause of his apparent weak- 
ness. Indeed if such opinions were founded on fact, 
all horses that had been nicked, would fall and catch 
behind, whenever they had to descend a small hill. 1 
have never known an instance of a horse catching 
behind after being nicked, that was not in the habit 
previous to the operation being performed. 

Before I describe the operation of nicking, it may 
be necessary to inquire into the efTect, or how the 
elevation of the tail is brought about. In order to do 
this, and judge of the operation with propriety, we 
must consider the tail elevated or raised by one set of 
muscles, ending in large tendons, and depressed or 
drawn down by another ; the muscles and tendons that 
elevate the tail, are stronger and more numerous, and 
nearer to the bone than those that depress it ; they are 
closely connected to the bones of the tail by fleshy 
fibres, and terminate in strong tendons at the exire 
/nity. The tendons that throw down or depress the 
•ail, are two in number, and may be found within a 





ill '^^ 

quarter of an inch of the outer sides o^^^^^'^lf^;;^ 
Ihe hair There are three arteries ; two large, on ine 
;'r -de and immediately under the tendons -d^ 
in the centre between the two nearer the bone, all 
runmngll a longitudinal direction, and decreasn.g 
in size to the extreme end. 

To perform the operation of nicking, it is first neces- 
sarv the horse should be well secured, to prevent his 
Sng or doing other injury ; a twitch is to be put on 
hi~ lip, but not so high as to prevent his breath- 
r.r a cord's to be made fast to the fetlock of one o 
".rhind legs, thence carried ^rwajd and mad^^^^^^^^^ 
his fore leg above the knee, which will effectually 
prevent his^doing injury during the operation.-[^.. 

reincr now confined, you are ready to commence 
the operation, which chiefly consists in a Jansve.^ 
division of those depressing tendons of the tail, and 
tra po ition afterwards as will keep their extreme 
s ain from coming into contact; so that an inter- 
V nin^ callous fills up the vacuity, and elevates, erects 
I.d props the tail. There are three different modes 
ofnickin., all of which 1 will proceed to exp am, 
irg i^" pportunity to any person, about to perform 
l\ie operation, to make their selection. 

To make a horse carry an elegant tail, is attended 
with some uncertainty, as much depends upon the 
"iit, disposition, form, size of the bone o the tail 
L L, &c. A horse of good spirit, tolerable shafo. 
and a small bone in the tail, can be made to carry an 
elegant tail with the greatest ease ; particu ar y if he 
carried a tolerably natural tail. But a dull, leather 
aoaded, flop-eared horse, with a remarkable large bone 
n his tail, will set you a task, although yoa may break 

the bone in two or three places — indeed there is so 
much difference m horses, that some judgment mast 
be exercised about the mode best to be adopted to the 
accomplishment of the object in view. 

Nothing can more disfigure the appearance of a 
horse, than to be half nicked. The form of the tail, 
when this unfortunately happens, departs from the 
simplicity of nature, and never attains the elegance 
of art. 

The first mode of nicking I shall describe, is the 
simplest, and attended with the least trouble; and 
although it succeeds well, twice out of three times, yet 
I think inferior to the other two I shall presently de- 
scribe. Being prepared with a sharp knife and a 
crooked piece of iron or buck's horn, for the purpose 
of performing the operation. 

1st. Have a twitch placed upon his nose as directed 
n the engraving annexed. — Figure 3. ^^ 

2d. With a strong rope, confine his left hind leg to 
his left fore leg, above the knee.— Figures 5 <^ Q. 

3d. Plat the tail close and neatly, from the root to 
the end, clubbing or turning it over a small stick.— 
Figure 7. 

4th. Turn the tail up, with a strong arm that can 
keep it firm and steady, in a direct line with his rump 
and back-bone. — Figure 7. 

5th. With a sharp knife make an incision on each 
side of the tail about three inches long, in a longitu* 
dinal direction, about two inches from the root, and 
nbout a quarter of an inch from the outer edge of the 
Ittil. next to the hair ; so soon as you get through the 
«kin, you will find exposed the two large tendons. . 

» I 










(5th. Make a second pair of incisions, similar to 
the first, commencing within about two inches of ttie 
termination of the first. 

7th. Make one other pair of incisions, in length pro- 
portioned to the length of the tail, taking care to leav6 
about two inches at the end. 

8th. With a crooked iron or horn, take up the ten 
dons at the first incision, as near the root of the tail as 
possible, and cut them smoothly in two. 

9th. Take up the tendons at the second incision, 
and by using strength, draw those in the first incision 
out at the second. 

10th. Draw those of the second out at the third 
uicision, and cut them oflf smoothly. 

11th. Wash the tail in strong salt and water, and 
take from the neck vein half a gallon of blood, three 
limes within a week. 

12th. The horse may be turned out or used mode- 
rately, and should be fed on green or light food ; his 
tail should be washed clean, with soap and water, three 
or four times within a fortnight ; by which time, in all 
probability, he will be entirely well. A horse nicked 
in this way will require no pulleying, provided the tail 
is well strained up, with a strong arm, twice a day. 

The second mode of nicking is attended with more 
trouble than the first ; but with the greatest certainty 
oi a horse carrying an elegant tail. Having confined 
the horse as first directed, and prepared yourself . wiih 
a sharp knife — 

1st. Make an incision entirely across the under 
part of the horse's tail, deep enough on each side to 
cut in two the depressors or tendons, but shallow 
m the middle, and about two inches from the root cd 



the tail. When the depressors are entirely cut in 
two, one end of them will suddenly draw towards the 
rump, and the other will slip or shoot out of the 
wound about half an inch, which must be cut oil 
smoothly and even with the wound. 

2d. The second incisions must be made like the 
first, from which they must be distant about th;-ee 

3d. The third incisions should be made like the 
second, except deeper. If any artery should be cut, 
it is no cause of alarm ; as a plentiful^ bleeding is ot 
infinite service in speedily curing the tail thus operated 
on, and the blood is easily stopped by wrapping the 
tail up with a small quantity of salt, added to a handful 
of flour, or by placing him in the pulleys; though from 
a gallon to a gallon and a half of blood would not bo 
too much to lose. 

4th. After nicking, the tail should be washed in 
strong salt and water, and the horse may not be pul- 
leyed for three or four days, at which time all blood, 
dirt, &c. should be carefully removed, not only from 
the under part of the tail, but from amongst the hair 
also, and should be kept clean until he is cured, which 
will be about three weeks ; by whicWtime should he 
not be fat, his condition will be much improved. 

5th. The tail should be taken out of the pulleys 
every three or four days, unplatted, and washed clean 
with strong soap-suds. 

0th. Bleed every five or six days, taking from a 
half to a gallon of blood at each bleeding, and if the 
tail appears much inflamed, bleed oftener; it will 
.-emove fever and inflammation, and cause the woundi 
to Seal very quick. 







' I 






7th. His food should be easy of digestion, light 
and cool, such as bran, oats, or green food of any kind 
If the root of the tail should be inflamed, (which is very 
often the case after pulleying,) or should small biles 
appear, apply a little tincture of myrrh, copperas, or 
blue-stone water. It very often happens, that the 
hair in the tail of a nicked horse shows a disposition 
to drop, which should be prevented, by washing the 
tail in sharp vinegar, and keeping it nice and clean 
with soap-suds. The matter discharged from the 
wounds, if permitted to remain amongst the hair for 
twenty-four hours, will take it off* as readily as a 
knife. It is of very great importance to prevent this, 
IS the best nicked horse in the world will look ugly, if 
he has little or no hair in his tail; besides, it generally 
takes twelve months to replace it. 

Horses are sometimes nicked, when their blood i? 
in a bad state, which is the cause of their tails swelling 
and showing marks of violent inflammation ; to remove 
which, it will be only necessary to bleed plentifully 
and apply a poultice made of a strong decoction of red 
oak bark and corn meal 

If this operation should be performed in a season 
of the year when flies are troublesome, the tail and 
buttocks of the horse should be anointed with stur- 
geon's oil, which will effectually remove them. 

i shall now proceed to describe the thiid and best 
mode of nicking every description of horses; an«i 
which, if well attended to, will seldom or never fail to 

1st. The stall, pulleys, halter, and manger, should 
nil be prepared for the reception of a horse, previous 
to being nicked, as directed in the engraving pre- 
(\xa. The pulleys {figure 2) about six or eight feel 



apart, and about the same distance from tlie stable 
floor, over each side of the stall, and firmly fastened 
to the wall ; a smooth and small cord is then to be 
passed through each of the pulleys, and to each end 
must be confined two equal weights, as figure 10 ; the 
halter should be constructed and fastened as figure 1 1 ; 
the trough should be securely fastened to the stall or 
wall, to prevent its being pulled down, {figure 8,) 
the stall should be three or three and an half feet 
wide, and not deep enough to allow a horse to rub and 
disfigure his tail, as figure 9. 

2d. The horse should be confined, as figures 5, 6, 
and 3, and the tail closely and neatly platted up and 
clubbed at the end, or turned over a small stick, and 
securely tied with a waxed string, as figures 7 and 4. 
3d. Being provided with a sharp knife and a crook- 
ed piece of buck's horn, and the tail being turned up 
by a strong arm, in a direct line with the back bone, 
as before mentioned, commence the operation by mak- 
ing a transverse incision, immediately across the tail, 
one and a half inches from the root, and deep enough 
♦o separate entirely the tendons on each side of the 
under part of the tail, which will be found about a 
quarter of an inch from the hair on the outer edge ; 
this incision in the middle may be shallow. The large 
arteries lie so immediately under the tendons, that they 
are often wounded or separated in performing this 
operation, which will be a great advantage in the 
healing of the wounds, instead of doing injury by the 
loss of blood. But whenever a horse may have bled 
from one to two gallons, the bleeding will readily stop 
by placing the tail in pulleys, or by applying a smart 
quantity of flour and salt to the wound, and wrap the 
tail up moderately tight with a linen ra^, fron^ *ho 
root to the end. 








«h Make two incisions lo"gthwise «r longnu^. 
nail V, (commencing about two or two and a half inches 
from the cross or transverse incision,) and about 
inches in length, which will expose the large tendons 

on each side. i • j 

5th. Make two other incisions of the same kind, 
commencing about one inch from the «ejnd ^"^ ^" 
length running within about two mches of the end ol 

the tail. , . , ir • ^i, 

6th. Make a transverse incision withm half an mch 
of the termination of the longitudinal mc.s.ons, (or 
those made lengthwise,) pretty deep. 

7th. With a buck's horn take up the large tendons 
in the second incisions, and draw the ends out of the 
first • take up those in the third and draw the ends ou 
onhe second, and at the upper part of the wound cut 
off the tendons even and smooth. 

8th. With a strong arm strain up the tail opposite 

the second incisions, until the bone sliP^. o^" b'^^^''^' 

reat the tail opp..ite the third inc.sions m the same 

manner-also the fourth and last, shooed be 

made across. , j ,i o, 

9lh Wash the tail in strong salt water, and the 
horse may be placed in a stall, turned in a pasture, or 
elsewhere, for two or three days. 

10th. Wash the wound and tail clean with strong 
soap suds, and place the horse in the pulleys, by pas- a smaJ noose {Figure 1) over the stick confined 
,u the hair, at the end of the ViW-il'tgure 4.) 

1 1 th Take from the neck vein half a gallon of blood, 

■ each week, until he gets well ; or double the quantity 

luld the tail be much inflamed. He should remam 

in the pulleys about three weeks, in order to give th.. 

new flesh time to get i.rm, and should be waslied onco 

a day wi-ili castile soap, so that it may be kept entirely 
clean The tail should be taken out of the pulleys 
twice a week, the hair unplatted, and permitted to 
remain down all night, and the horse changed to a 
clean and large stall, with a good bed of straw, for the 
purpose of sleeping and refreshing himself. Before he 
is again confined, he may be rode two or three hundred 
yards, slow, and without being fretted. Whist stand- 
in^ in the pulleys, his legs should be frequently bathed 
wTth pot-liquor, in which bacon was boiled; v.nega. 
and sweet oil, or lard and spirits of any kind ; and 
a mash should be given him at least once a week o 
one gallon of bran or oats, with a table spoonful ol 
powdered brimstone, and one tea spoonful of salt- 
petre; not permitting him to drink for six hours after- 
wards. His halter should be made of substantial 
materials, to prevent his breaking loose whilst confined 
in the pulleys, pulling the hair out of the end of the 
tail, and doing himself other injury. A bucket of salt 
and water maybe given twice a week during his con-- 
finement, which will be very grateful to the taste and 
cooling to the system. . 

12th. Great pains should be taken to have the weights 
to the pulleys equal, in order to keep the tail in a per- 
pendicuhr direction, and prevent it from turning to 
either side during the time of healing: as a horse tha*. 
carries his tail round to one side, instead of being 
elegantly nicked, is ruined. The wounds, occasionally 
should be washed in blue-stone or copperas water, 
which will cause them to heal rapidly; the horse 
should have as much green and light food as he can 
eat, such as bran, oats, &c. Some horses that are 
nicked in this way, and are pulleyed only four or nvo 
oays, carry very handsome tails; but 1 am of opinioi! 










U> ensu.e success, it is necessary tney should be kept 
,n the pulleys until the wounds are perfectly well. 



The pricking a horse has proved to be as useless an 
oi^ration as it is simple, seldom or never the 
desired effect; consequently the practice should be 
abolished. Many nicked horses fail to carry good 
tails- and much less is it to be expected from a horse 
that is pricked. I would recommend that the operation 
should never be performed. 



To fox a horse is an operation so simple, that it can 
be performed bv almost any person. The only skill is, 
to select such "horses as will be improved by being 
foxed There is an instrument generally used ior this 
purpose • but the operation can be performed very 
correctly without it. The simplest and easiest mode 
,9 to take a very small paint-brush, and with paint 
hat will form a contrast to the colour of the horse, 
mark the ears of the shape and length you prefer 5 
then place on his noso a twitch ; have one of his tor« 

legs held up ; and with a sharp Knife cut oflT the ear^ 
rarefuily following the line which was previously mad« 
S the' brush, the skin will immediately sbp down 
and leave the gristly part a little naked, ^hich mis. 
be washed in salt and water once a day <or abo" >» 
week, after which they should be greased with a itlle 
sweet oil, fresh butter, or hog's lard, and they will got 
entirely well in two or three weeks. A horse with a 
small, thin, delicate head, will always be much im- 
proved bv being foxed. But a horse with a fleshy, 
heavy, thick, or long head, will show with less advan- 
tage after his ears are cutoff, even if he carried Uie.n 
extremely bad previous to the operation. 



Docking a horse is an operation so simple, as to re 
quire but little skill or judgment in its performance, 
A twitch is to be placed upon the upper lip of the 
horse, but not so high as to prevent his breathing, (as 
in the engraving for nicking, figure 3,)-one of his 
fore legs must be held up to prevent his kicking or 
doing other injury, and a waxed string must be tiun 
very tight twice round the tail, just above the place 
where it is to be cut off; a large block of wood is to 
be placed upon his rump, and the tail turned up and 
.aid smoothly on the block ; then, with a sharp irvstru 
ment, you may cut the tail the length you prefer 
(though horses docked short generally carsy the best 
toils.) or after the waxed string is securely tied, lake 



\ I 

* ' 






the tail in one hand, and a large knife (sharixjned on a 
hri( k to give it a rough edge) in the other, and with 
ease, at one stroke, you may cut the tail in two : then 
take a piece of iron, moderately hot, place a little rosin 
in the wound, and sear it, recollecting to cut off the 
waxed string two or three days afterwards, and grease 
the tail with a little fresh butter or sweet oil, which 
will cause it to heal very quickly afterwards. When 
a horse is docked, the same tendons, arteries, and 
nerves are separated, that are divided in nicking ; and 
it is very rare that a horse's life is endangered or lost 
in consequence of performing either operation. 




The time for castrating or gelding of colts is 
usually when they are about a year old; although 
ihis operation is frequently suspended till the second 
year, especially when it is intended to keep them on 
hand, and without employing them in labour till the 
following season. Parkinson disapproves of delaying 
this operation so long, and recommends twitching 
the colts, a practice well known to the ram breeders, 
any time after a week old, or as soon after as the 
testicles are come down ; and this method, he says, 
he has followed himself, with great success. Blaine's 
reruarks on the subject of castratit^n appear wor- 
ihv of notice: he suvs, when the breed is ['arlicu 


larly good, and many considerable expectations are 
(brined on the colt, it is always prudent to wait till 
twelve months: at this period, if his fore parts are 
correspondent with his hinder, proceed to castrate; 
but if he be not sufficiently well up before, or his necii 
be too long and thin, and his shoulders spare, he will 
assuredly improve by being allowed to remain wlwle 
six or eight months longer. Another writer suggests 
for experiment, the spaying of mares, thinking they 
would work better, and have more wind than geldings. 
Bat he does not appear to have been aware that this is 
by no means a new experiment ; for Tusser, who wrote 
in 1562, speaks of geMing fillies as a common practice 
at that period. The main objection to this operation 
is not that brood mares would become scarce, as he 
supposes; but that, by incapacitating them from breed 
ing, in case of accident, and in old age, the loss in this 
expensive species of live stock would be greatly 
enhanced. An old or lame mare would then be as 
worthless as an old or lame gelding is at present. 

[ The following mode of castrating colts is taken from Mr. Skinnet s 
American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine.] 

The operator must in the first place provide himseH 
With a strong rope, a couple of clamps for each colt, 
(if he intends altering more than one,) a little past^i. a 
ball of twine or good thread, and a phial of the following 
mixture : ^ • 

R. Tivo tea-spnonfuls nfreflprecipiialc. 

One do. nf corrosive sublimate^ 

to be well ground separately, and then intimately 
mixed. The clamp is made thus: Take a piece oi 



1 I 

! ' 


■,d.r six incl,c, tag .nd '"- ^XoS'^mMr, 

and having. taken oui ui« ^ » . ^^ t. 

of each piece -!\^ J^^J^^ onl^ouislie, a. 
wards, about an inch, and notch it on 

also the other end that is no ^l^'^J^^^^^ ^,h 
securely tied together. Fill the nouo j 

I" Th u dne ler ends «ill be separated .boot an 

position, thus: 

lr.\r.rr rnnrlp' the Colt thtOWH 

-:-;^,rd%rrr£ni~h ; 

ih, lestide as in the ordinary way. Tlie cord IS men 
^;; of the ■'^P'- ^^'^^ -/'"^^X 

';,Kture Luld be sprinkled upon the ends expo d^^^^^ 
tl,e knife After the operation is concluded, the clamps 
slTourdb; suffered to remain on eighteen or twenty-four 
hou"s They may then be taken off by penning the 
roU n a confined place, and cutting the strings 
f tidl blunt ends. Neither swelling, nor stiffness 
or Sother inconvenience follows this operation, and 
Z alal appears, after he is relieved of the damps 
i wTas ev^er he was. This method may, with equal 
ertilcy, be applied to every other animai wnose age 
or size renders the old way precarious. 




To fatten a horse in a short space of time, has 
generally been considered a very great art, and at- 
tended with much difficulty. Some authors are of 
opinion, it is necessary for a horse to swallow a certain 
quantity of medicine to produce the desired effect ; 
while others relv on an uncommon or peculiar kind of 
food ; but experience has proved that both opinions 
are erroneous, and that the few simples which I shall 
heie recommend, together with good rubbing and a 
particular manner of feeding, will accomplish the fat- 
tening of a horse that is not a garran or extiemely 
poor, within three or four weeks. After your stable 
is prepared, (as directed in pages 46 and 47,) provide a 
plenty of good sweet corn, hommony, oats, bran, and 
fodder ; also a sufficient quantity ot straw to keep him 
with a comfortable and clean bed; then notice the 
condition of the animal, for the purpose of bleeding in 
the neck. Should he be very poor, take from him only 
one quart of blood ; if in tolerable plight, two quarts 
—.epeating the bleeding at the expiration of every 
eight or ten days, until he is fat. Take of flaweed 
one pint, boil it to a strong tea of one quart; take ol 
powdered brimstone, one table spoonful; salt-petre, 
one tea spoonful ; of bran, one and a half gallons ; mix 
them all together, scalding the bran with the tea, form- 
ing a mash; which may be given every eight days: 
not permitting the horse to drink cold water for eight 
or ten hours afterwards. Take of asafcetida (which 
can be procured from any apothecary's shop) half an 
ounce ; wrap it in a clean linen rag, and nail it in the 
bottom of the manger where the animal is fed; at 
first the horse will eat unwillingly where it is placed, 
but in a few days he will grow remarkably fouu of u. 






ance a horse you co f ^^ ^.^^^^^^ 

Zu .he manger .0 be entirely empjy : ..tog -- 

Whenever a horse is fed, all dusi, sour lu , 
TuTd be removed from his n-nger wh -h ^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
be washed twice a week with vinegar and salt , this 
kL of attention will aid the appetite and keep the 
manger sweet and clean. If the season of the year 
you 'unde^^^^^ to fatten in, affords green food o any 
Ld, a little about twelve o'clock --1^^^^^^^^^^^ 
.xiuch in accomplishing your object ^^'^^^^^^ 
which you water, throw a handful of sa U, two or h e 
times a week; it becomes very gratefu to the taste, 
Xr a iew days' confinement, and will prevent his 
pawing and eating dirt. If the object is to fatten a 
'.orse as speedily as possible, giving to him unusual 
.fe and spirits, he should not be brought ou o the 
Stable, nor even led to water. But if flesh is to be 
rce; upon a horse to render hard service I would 
Tcommend moderate exercise once every three days, 
cuirefully avoiding fretting or alarming him; more m- 
-.iry may be done a horse by fretting him one day 

than you can remove in a week by the kindest treai- 
ment. The hoofs should be cleaned out every moin- 
ing and evening, stuffed with clay and sail, or fresh 
cow manure, to keep the feet cool and prevent a swel- 
ling in the legs. A plenty of good rubbing is abso- 
lutely necessary for the placing of tlcsh speedily on a 
horse ; and a blanket as a covering, at any time except 
th(3 summer months, will place on his coat of hair a 
beautiful gloss, and add mucli to his comfort and ai> 
[larent value. 


For a horse to undergo very great fatigue without 
injury, requires at least one week's preparation. Pre- 
vious to entering him on his journey, he should be fed 
plentifully on solid old food, such as corn, fodder, 
hay or oats, and smartly exercised from five to ten 
miles a day. He should be well rubbed two or three 
times every twenty-four hours, which will very readily 
have the effect of making his flesh not only firm, but 
hard. I have no doubt, from the experiments I have 
made, that any tolerable good and active horse may be 
rode one hundred miles, in a pleasant long day, with- 
3ut receiving any permanent injury, by observing the 
treatment I shall here recommend. Experience has 
f roved that rainy or drizzly weather is more favoura- 
ble to the performance of an excessive hard ride, than 
a day that is fair or sultry, with sunshine ; rain ha* 
.he effect of keeping him cool, suppling his limbs, of 
muislen.iig and refreshing him. On the night |»ie 






:„ ♦KU laborious undertaking 
vious to h,s engaging m this l^borio ^^ 

offer some salt and waier, ui 

T \ Knt little early in the morning. You then sei 

drink but little eauy proportioned 

.hould l>e.r iigWly »l"t'*''';"l' p „ '\is ho« 
„„.,, neve, y^^'S- ''^''ZZ^S : «" *e« 
suddenly, or ehange l«» gaiB 7 ''!Jf S* . hem 

'"""'' r TiX«Tlri2ie .he ligi,. 
extremely. "^ S^^*^ ™ L,u„- than the dull and 
„d .i,y "--^-^iilfttmet^ can convey 

road, more than to moisten h. mouth. U P^^^^ 

Uce among hostlers, f^" ^^^ ^^.-^ea and heated 

directions, to plunge horses that are ""^^"^ J* 

nt twelve o'clock, into cold pond water 'j^^J/f^^J^ 

, Which 1 would advise ^^^^^^^^ ^f ,^^^^^^^^^ 
lubbed with about half a pint ot any k y 



y Dur last feed being at two o'clock, or dinner time, 
your horse will require nothing more until night 
The day's ride being performed, turn him into a lot to 
TOO. and wallow ; after which let him be placed in a 
siaL, on a good bed of straw. 1st. Offer him a bucket 
of water. 2d. Remove all dirt and dust from his legs 
and ancles with soap and warm water. 3d. Bathe 
him from his belly to his hoofs with equal parts of 
vinegar and spirits, to which add a little sweet oil, fresh 
butler, or hog's lard, stewing them all together, and 
uiake use of the mixture as warm as the hand can bear 
it. 4th. He must be well curried, brushed, and finally 
polished with a sheepskin or woollen cloth. 5th. His 
feet should be nicely cleaned out, and stuffed with clay 
and salt, or fresh cow manure. 6th. He should be fed 
with one gallon of old corn, or one and a half gallons 
of oats, and six bundles of old fodder. Your horse 
being now in possession of every attention and comfort 
you could offer him, will soon be refreshed, forget his 
hard service, and be again prepared, by the next 
morning, to obey you whither you may direct his . 
footsteps. If you have more than one day's journey to 
perform with great rapidity, observe the same rules of 
feeding, watering, and attention, as directed for the first 
day, except the feed at twelve o'clock, which quantity 
must be doubled. Many elegant and high spirited 
horses have been ruined and rendered useless by per- 
sons wanting experience on the above subject, who 
were disposed to treat those faithful animals with every 
kindness in their power; yet being under the neces 
8ity of performing a long journey in a limited timej^ 
and not knowing that the will of a heated and fatigued 
horse should be controlled, they have permitted him 
lo eat as much as he pleased, or when heated, to drink 
as much cold pond or branch water as his great :nir»i 
7* - 


would induce him ; ..hich have often been the means d 
roducing choUc, founder, and other diseases, that too 
M—y prove'fatal in the hands of a common farner^ 
o which title everv hostler, blacksmith, and every 
Ickhead of a servant, who does not even understand 
th^ currying of a horse, have pretensions. The loss 
If two^r fhree quarts of blood, to a horse that has 
nnderlne Lcess've fatigue, will remove the sorenes 
::d S"ss of his limbs, the natural consequence o. 
violent exertions. 





To perform a long journey, with comfort and ease 
•o a hoSe, and satisfaction to the rider, requires some 
attLuon lo the feeding, for eight or ten days prev^us 
to the setting out. A horse uncommonly fat, runmng 
late at grass, fed with unsubstantial food, such a 
bran, &c. or unaccustomed to exercise and fatigue, s 
very unfit to perform a journey on, unless prepared by 
Jnl fed on old and solid food, for eight or ten days 
Sas corn, fodder, oats, or hay, and given moderate 
eSrdL A horse about half fat is in the best s.tua- 
Tn to bear the fatigue and labour of a journey by 
Sowing the mode of treatment I shall here recom- 
meni If he is only a tolerably good one, by the time 
reaches his iourney's end, should it last four or five 
weeks, his condition will be -"<=h improved if he . 
not entirely fat. 1st. It is necessary to have your 
:lc"3 wi,h a good and substantial set ot shoe. 

taking care that they fit easy, set well, and are not 
placed so near the inside of the foot as to cut tlie 
ankles in travelling, which often produces stiffness, 
considerable swelling of the legs, and sometimes lame- 
ness. 2d. Examine your saddle, valise, portmanteau, 
harness, &c. as the case may he, to discover if they fit 
'with ease and comfort to your horse, taking care to let 
them undergo the same examination every two or three 
days. For a saddle to fit properly, it must be neither 
wide enough in the tree to slip upon the shoulders, or 
so narrow as to pinch or break the skin on the withers, 
the bolstering or stuffing in the pannels should be 
adapted to the hollow spaces on each side of the back 
bone or spine. When thus properly fitted, a crupper 
will be useless. 3d. Your valise should be fastened 
on by passing two straps underneath two pieces con- 
fined to the valise pad, and through two loops at the 
back of the saddle; by which means it will be kept 
steadily in its proper place, and the rider will not be 
perplexed by its swinging first on one side, and then on 
the other, and the danger of the horse having a sore 
back from friction will be avoided. The only difference 
between the customary way of fastening a valise and 
the one I here recommend, is the passing straps through 
the loops to the back of the saddle. 

On the night previous to your commencing your 
journey, after your horse is placed on a good bed 
of straw, and is well rubbed, feed with two gallons 
of oats, or one and a half gallons a old corn and 
hommonv, and eight or ten bundles of fodder, or 
a quantity of hay equal to it. In the morning feed 
with half a gallon of oats, after which offer a bucket 
of water. It is customary for horses to be watered 
before being fed ; but it is much better not to water them 
until afterwards; a large draught of water very often 


I !; 


destroy* the appetite, and makes a horse dull and 
.luffffish for a whole day afterwards. When he s 
Sed in this way, he seldom drinks too much, and h.s 
routhts washed clean and is moist when he commence, 
Tis tu-y. It also measurably destroys h.s mcclma- 
S to di out of everj' stream he may cross m the 
road which is so tiresome and unpleasant to a nden 

Bdng now completely prepared for he con e^ 
Dialed journey, the following rules must be s rictly 
observed. 1st Never permit your horse while tra- 
veU ng t; drink cold branch, well, or pond water, or 
mo e ban is necessary to wet or moisten h.s mouth. 
^Every timeyou stop to feed (whichwmem^^^^^^^^ 
ing, breakfast, and dinner time,) give him a bucket o 
w! ter. made a little salt, with about- two handfuls o 
Torn meal stirred in it; he will very soon grow fon. 
of it, and indeed prefer it to any other drink; .t coo s 
the ystem, relieves thirst, and contains considerable 
nutr ment. 3d. Whenever you stop for the purpose of 
b ak'asting, let your horse cool about ten minu e^ ; 
then feed with half a gallon of oats or corn, and two 
undies of fodder, not forgetting to offer bmagamj^ 
water, meal, and salt. 4th. At dinner time obsc. ve 
the same treatment as directed at breakfast. 5th. At 
night (having arrived at the place you intend 
a fhave your horse turned into a lot, for the purpose 
:?wallowing, cooHng, &c 6th WUh soap and wate 
have all dirt removed from h.s legs. 7th Have 
h- n placed on a good bed of straw, then take of 
Trits of any kind half a pint, of vinegar ha f a p.nt 
n^.xthem together, and let his legs be rubbed w..h 
e mixture until they are dry. 8th. Let hm. be^w.^ 
curried, brushed, and rubbed with straw. 9th. Watc, 
"m plentifully. 10th. Feed him with two gallons of 
wals, or one and a half gallons of c.rn or hon.monj. 



and eight or ten bundles of fodder. 11th. I^t h.s 
lioofs be nicely cleaned out and stuffed with fresh cow 
manure ; this application keeps them tough, moist, and 
cool. 12th. Change your food as often as poss.ble, care- 
fully avoiding using any that is new, or just gathered. 
Observe the above rules to your journey's end, except 
your horse should prove a great feeder, and in mat 
case you may indulge him a little ; but the quantity 1 
have here recommended, is enough for any common 
horse when travellipg. It may not be amiss to remmd 
the young traveller to inspect his horse's shoes once a 
day, and whatever appears amiss about them to have 
immediately rectified. It frequently happens that the 
skin of young horses, unaccustomed to travel, is chafed 
and scalded by the friction of the girth; the part, 
washed clean with a little soap and water, and then 
washed with a little salt and water, will immediately 
cure and toughen the skin. 

It often happens at little baiting places or country 
taverns, (met with on the road by travellers,) that 
towards the end of harvest, servants are apt to feed 
with green oats or wheat, in consequence of the scar- 
city of fodder, unless otherwise directed; food of this 
kind is poison to a travelling horse, and will produce a 
diarrhoea and extreme debility. It would be much 
better he should not have long food for two weeks, 
than to give it to him green from the field. W hen 
persons travelling are not attentive to their horses, 
they are frequently given mouldy oats and corn, which 
is productive of the worst effects ; there being but few 
kinds of food that can be given a horse, that will ter- 
minate his existence more speedily. Many oi those 
valuable animals have been destroyed by such means, 
when the owners have been frequently at a loss to know 
with what disease or from what cause tliey had died 







To \ i able to aocorlain the age of a horse, with 
tolerable certainty, from three to nine years old, is a 
subject of considerable importance to every person 
who may have occasion to purchase. Unless we pos- 
sess this^nformation, we are subject to the imposition 
and to become tlie sport of every jockey, whose vice 
and depravity frequently surpass those of the most 
untractable horse. Some judges undertake to tell 
the age until a horse is fifteen or twenty years old, 
which in my opinion is impossible ; they merely make 
a guess, without any rule by which they are governed, 
and four times out of five they labour under a mistake. 
If I am enabled to describe such marks and appear- 
ances as will make any person a judge of a horse's 
age,. from three to nine's years old, I shall conceive I 
have performed a useful task, and shall be the means 
of preventing many impositions. Horses that have 
not arrived at three years of age, are unfit for use, 
and those that are more than nine, decrease in value 
with great rapidity. All that are particularly fond of 
horses, will always be filled with regret on viewing an 
elegant horse worn out with old age, yet possessmg 
strong marks of beauty, and even former fine and 
graceful actions. It is to be much lamented that so 
beautiful an animal should so soon feel decay and be no 
longer useful. I shall proceed to lay down such rules 
for ascertaining the age of a horse, as will enable any 
iruui to speak with tolerable certainty on that subject, 
livery horse has six teeth above and below ; befoie he 
arrives at the age of three he sheds his two middle 
v,et.h by the young teeth rising and shoving ihe olu 


ones out of their place. When he arrive.: at the Hg.) 
of three, he sheds one more on each side of tlie 5luddl^5 
teeth ; when four years old, he sheds his two cornei 
and last of his fore teeth; between four and fivo ho 
cuts his under tusks, and when five will cut hi/ 
upper tusks, and have a mouth full and complete 
his teeth appearing to have their full growth, excepi 
the tusks, and will be even, regularly placed, and 
pretty much grooved on the inside, with hollows o^ 
a very dark brown colour. There is always a very 
plain difterence between colts' and horses' teeth; tlifc 
colts' being without grooves and hollows, and nevei 
so large and strong. Some horses are without uppei 
tusks even to the end of their lives; but this is not 
common. The appearance of the lower tusks, and 
them fully grown, is the most certain proof that the 
horse is five years old, even if one of his colt's teeth 
remains unshed. At six years old, the grooves and hol- 
lows in a horse's mouth begin to fill up a httle, and their 
tusks have their full growth, with their points sharp, 
and a little concave or hollow on the inside. At seven 
years old, the grooves and hollows will be pretty well 
filled below, except the corner teeth, leaving where the 
dark brown hollows formerly were, little brown spots 
At eight, the whole of the hollows and grooves are 
filled up, and you see the appearance of what is termed 
smootli below. At nine years old there very often 
appears a small bill to the outside corner teeth ; the 
pomt of the tusk is worn oflf, and the part that was 
concave begins to fill up and become rounding ; tho 
squares of the middle teeth begin to disappear, and the 
gums leave them small and narrow at top. Deale«-s 
in horses sometimes drill or hollow the teeth with 
a graver, and black the hollows by using a hot iion; 
for the purpose of passing an old horse for a young 








one, upon those who have but little or no experience 
upon the subject. But a discerning eye ^^" /^adily 
discover the cheat, by the unnatural shape and blac^k- 
ness of the hollows, the dulness and roundness of the 
tusks, together with the want of squares to the front 
teeth, and by many other visible marks, which denote 
ihe advanced age of a horse. 

Between nine and ten years of ago, a horse generally 
;oses the marks of the mouth, though there are a 
few exceptions ; as some horses retain good mouths 
until they are fourteen or fifteen years ola, with then- 
teeth white, even, and regular, and many other marks 
of freshness and vigour. But when a horse grows old, 
it may be discovered by these indications, which com- 
monly attend old age, viz.: The gums wear away and 
leave the roots of the teeth long and slender ; the roots 
mow yellow, and often brownish; the bars of the 
mouth (which are always fleshy, plump, and dry, in a 
voun^ horse, and form so many distinct, firm ridges,) 
in an old horse, are lean, smooth, and covered witli 
saliva, with few or no ridges. The eyes of a young 
horse appear plump, full, and lively; the lids with few 
wrinkles, the hollows above the ball small, and no 
crav hairs upon the bit)W, unless they proceed from 
the 'colour or marks of the horse. The eyes of an old 
horse appepr sleepy, dim, and sunk, and the lids loose 
and very much shrivelled with large hollows and the 
brow grav. The countenance of a young horse is bold, 
cav and lively ; while that of an old one is sad, dejected, 
and melancholy, unless mounted, and artificial means 
used to give him spirit. 

The chin of a horse, in my opinion, is by far the 
best >Tiark to enable you to ascertain his age, inasmuch 
as it does not admit of the practice of those aaU, by 

which the jockey so often passes ofl* an old broken 
down horse for a young one. The appearance of tlie 
chin can be changed only by nature : and he who will 
become an attentive observer, will soon be convinced, 
that it ii not more diflScult to tell an old horse from si 
young one, by the appearance of their chins, than it is 
for a skilful physician to distinguish a cheek of health 
from one that is wasted, diseased, and superannuated. 
The chin of a young horse is round, full, plump, full 
of wrinkles, and the pores close and small ; that of a 
horse advanced in years, flat, wrinkled, flabby, and the 
pores open and large. Indeed, after some experience, 
together with particular attention to this mark of age, 
there will be but little difficulty of ascertaining, with 
certainty, the age of a horse from three to nine years 
old. I have sometimes met with travellers on the 
road, whom I never before had seen, and in travelhng 
along, have told the age of their horses by their chins. 
An examination of the lips and nostrils of a horse, 
may aid, corroborate, and strengthen the opinion of 
age, founded on the appearance of the chin. The lips 
•^nd nostrils of a young horse are smooth and free 
from wrinkles, while those of an old one abound in 


Were I in pursuit of truth and honour, I nevei 
should seek them in the lower class of dealers in horses 
or horse jockeys. Whenever they have a horse to 
dispose of, they assure a purchaser he possesses every 
desirable quality, &c. and whenever they have eflTected 
a sale, they smile at their success, ana expose every 
vice to which the horse was addicted, lo the next 
person they meet. 

The physiognomy of a horse will assist much in 
ascertaining his age ; but the chin is certainly the 

kafcst guide. 




[from the AMERICAN FARMER.] 


4 ,wn<Zer/uZ iiuo^ry recently made in an old Hor»e's ag*. 

«* » Tis lo the pen and press we mortals owe, 
All we believe, and almost all we know." 

Since the age of that noble animal, the horse, aftet 
a certain period of life, (that .s to say) after the marks 
in his incisors and cuspidati are entirely obliterated, to 
be able to ascertain his age, with any tolerable degree 
of certainty, appears to the generality of « horse age 
judges:' to be a subject of very much uncertamty. l 
now take the liberty of laying before the public, 
♦hrough the medium of your paper, an infallible method, 
isubiect to very few exceptions) o'" ascertaining it in 
Buch a manner, after a horse loses his marks, or after 
he arrives to the age of nine years or over ; so tha 
any person concerned in horses, even of the meanest 
capacity, may not be imposed upon in a horses age, 
from nine years of age and oyer, more than three 
years at farthest, until the ammal arrives at the age ot 
'twenty years and upwards, by just feeling the sub. 
maxillary bone, or the bone of the lower jaw. 

This method I discovered, by making many ana- 
tomical observations on the skulls of dead horses and 
repeated dissections. In order, therefore, to elucidats 
.he above, I must in the first place beg leave to remark 5 
iha tlie submaxillary bone. 01 the lower jaw bone 

of all voung horses, about four or five years of age, 
immediately above the bifurcation, is invariably thick 
and very round at' the bottom; the cavity of sam bone 
beino- very small, contains a good deal of marrow, and 
generally continues in this state until the animal arrives 
at that period which is generally termed an "agec* 
horse," or until the animal acquires his full size m 
height or tliickness; or according U. -porting language, 
is completely furnished, with very little variation. But 
after this period, the cavity as aforesaid becomes larger, 
and more marrow is contained therein. Hence the 
submaxillary bone becomes thinner and sharper a little 
above the bifurcation. , 

This indelible mark may always be observed in a 
small degree in horses above eight years of age ; but at 
nine years old it is still more perceptible. It continues 
growing a little thinner and sharper at tne bottom until 
twelve °years of age. From thence until fifteen, it is 
still thinner, and about as sharp as the back of a case 
knife near the handle. From this period until the 
ages 18, 19, 20, and upwards, it is exceedingly so ; 
and is as sharp, in many^subjects. as the dull edge of 
that instrument 


1st. Put your three fingers about half an inch or an 
Inch immediately above the bifurcation, and grasp the 
submaxillary bone, or the lower jaw bone. If it is thick 
at the sides, and very round indeed at the bottom, the 
animal is most certainly under nine years of age. 

2d. If the bone is not very thick, and it is pei 
ceivably not very round at the bottom, he is from nun- 
lo twelve years old, and so on. From twelve to fifteeis. 
Itie bone is sharper at bottom and tliinncr at tne 








gi.les, i},e bottom is generally as sharp as the back of 
a (-.ase knife; and from 15 to 18, 19, 20, and upwards, 
without many exceptions, the bone, when divested of 
its integuments, is as sharp as the dull edge of tlial 

3d. Allowances must always be made between 
heavy, large western cr wagon horses, or carriage 
horses, and fine blooded ones. By practising and 
strictly attending to the above rules, upon all descrip- 
tions of horses, the performer in a little time will become 
very accurate in the accomplishment of his desires, 
more especially if he attentively observes the lower 
iaw bone of dead horses " 



Perhaps there is no subject to be found, that admits 
of a greater diversity of opinion, than the form and 
number of marks necessary to constitute the beauty of 
a horse. Many white marks, when of irregular shape, 
and handsomely placed, give to a handsome horse a 
gay and sprightly appearance, lightening up the coun- 
teiiance, and forming a beautiful contrast to his colour. 
Indeed, marks are sometimes so irregularly and fanci- 
(ully placed, as not only to please, but to delight most 
pi^rsons who are judges on this subject; while others 
of such regular, common, and unbecoming shape, and 
BO unnaturally placed as to be unfavourable to beauty 
and have a tendency to disfigure the animal they arc 





mtended to beautify ; such as a face blazed large, high, 
and regular, like an ox ; the two fore legs white above 
the knees, and no white behind ; one white leg to the 
knee, behind on the right ; one fore leg white to the 
knee before on the left : a bald face and no white legs- 
a dim blaze, commencing with an awkward star, end- 
ing with a snip on the one side, &c. &c. A horse 
without marks, always has a deadness in his aspect— 
and one well marked, always appears the more 
beautiful for it. But it must be acknowledged, by 
every person of experience, that a horse with white 
feet, is much more tender than one without them. 
Even in cases of lameness not proceeding from acci- 
dent, nine times out of ten, if a horse has a white foot, 
that will be the one that will first fail him. White 
feet are also more subject to the scratches and other 
diseases, than those of different colours, and a very 
remarkable fact exists, that I never have seen or heard, 
in my life, of a first rate four mile heat racer, that had 
a bald face and white legs to the knees. 

White marks add to the beauty of a horse, but lei 
sen his services. 



When we have a pair of horses that maicn well In 
every respect, except that one has a blaze or star in 
the face, it becomes very inteiesting and important to 
know how to make their faces match, and to giv* 






them blazes or stars precisely alike. This may be 
done in the following manner: — 

Number 1.— Take a razor and shave off the hair the 
form and size you wish the blaze or star to be made : 
then take a small quantity of oil of vitriol, and with a 
feather anoint the part once, which will be quite suffi- 
cient. After the application of the vitriol, the part 
will become a little sore and inflamed ; which may be 
readily removed and healed up, by washing the sore 
with copperas water. Great care should be used to 
prevent the vitriol from getting on clothes, as it will 
entirely destroy them. 

Number 2.— Take a piece of oznaburgs the size you 
want the blaze or star: spread it with warm pitch and 
appiy it to the horse's face : let it remain two or three 
days, by which time it will bring off the hair clean, 
and make the part a little tender ; then take of elixir 
vitriol a small quantity ; then anoint the part two or 
three times ; or, of a very common weed called as- 
mart, a small handful, bruise it and add to it about a 
gill of water, use it as a wash until the face gets well, 
when the hair will grow out entirely while. 



The head of a horse should be small, bony, thin, 
and delicate ; his jaws wide apart, yet thin ; his throtiie 
large and arched; his ears long, thin, narrow, high 
and pointing together ; his eyes prominent large an<l 



full, of a dark cmnamon or bKck colour, bright, lively, 
and shining ; his nostrils wide, red, and expanded; his 
mouth and lips thin, small, and plump ; his chin full, 
sharp, and delicate ; his face rather of a Roman order 
tlian straight, with irregular white, either in a star or 
blaze, to give expression and light up the countenance 



The body of a horse should be large, in j^rbportion 
to the balance of his frame, compact, round, and swel- 
ling; his flanks plump and full ; and his last or small 
est rib, approaching near the hip bone, which is never 
placed too near the point of the shoulders ; the back 
should be very short, smooth, and nearly even, neither 
swayed nor humped ; the hips wide apart, full, round, 
and even with the body. A horse with a light flat 
body, open and gaunt about the flanks, with high spirit, 
long legs, &c. is unfit for any purpose, except for 
show ; and that not for more than two or three hours : 
for his rider, after that time, as well as every spectator, 
will discover him sinking under fatigue, and cow4pletely 
giving up. 







The neck of a horse should be long, thin, and deli- 
cate (indeed they are never too long or too delicate) 
crowing deeper from the joining of the head to the 
shoulders ; the upper edge should form the half of an 
arch, gradually falling in height and shape from the 
head to the shoulders ; the mane should be thm, 
smooth, and in length half the width of the neck.- 
The shoulders of a horse should be thm, high, and 
thrown very far back ; for experience has proved, that 
those with low shoulders and high rumps, although they 
may have many good parts, can never show to advan 
tagc, and seldom make good saddle or race horses. 




Tnifi ^ore legs of a horse should bear a just propoi - 
lion to his size ; the arms large, long, and full ; the 
legs bony, tlat, and sinewy ; the pasterns rather long 
than otherwise, and tolerably straight. Small lean 
arms, a bending back or trembling of the knees, bow 
legs, small and round legs, extremely delicate back 
Binews, or those unnaturally large, indicate weakness 
or some injury, and should be avoided. The hind 
parts of a ho-se, from the hip bone to the hoi^k, should 
oe of great length ; the thighs and muscles should be 
full, large, and bulging; the hock broad, sinewv and 

> i 

strong ; the hind legs flat, smooth, bony, and fuh 01 
sinew, clear of knots, and rather crooked in the hock 
than straight ; the pasterns of moderate length, small 
and rather straight than otherwise. , The horse should 
be neither knock-kneed or bow-legged, or his feel 
turned in or out; as a horse thus sUped, moves ugiy 
and never can be sure fo'^teH. 



Diseases are sometimes produced in the feet, liom 
which a horse is never again free during his life ; it is 
therefore important that a valuable horse should not he 
placed in the hands of every blockhead who pleases to 
call himself a horse shoer, but entrusted only to persons 
of known skill. For a horse to be well shod, the hoof 
should be pared with a buttress, (instead of giving in 
to the cruel and injurious practice of burning the foot 
with a red hot shoe until it fits,) smooth and level, to 
a reasonable size; the frog should be nicely trimmed, 
in shape a little convex, rather lower than the foot : 
the shoes should be made of good and tough iron, ami 
precisely the shape of the hoof after being trimmed, 
not so wide between the heels as to show on the out 
side, or so narrow as to cramp the foot, and produce 
narrow heels, (which is a very troublesome disease ; 
The nails should be made of old horseshoes, or some 
other tough iron, with small heads, and drove regular 
smooth, and even; not high enough to .each the 




quick, yet with hold sufficient to confine the shoe three 
or four months. The points of the nails should be 
formed into neat and small clinches, and should be 
well driven up 

Some taste may be displayed in the rasping and 
shaping the hoof, after the shoe is confined. When it 
.s left more sharp than flat around at the toe, it adds 
much to its beauty and neat appearance. 

When a horse is well shod, if water is poured upon 
the bottom of his foot, it will not pass between the 
hoof and the shoe. A smith, who resided in Williams- 
burg, in the year 1804, was in the habit of shoeing in 
this exact and elegant style. Shoes for draft horses, 
that have seldom occasion to go out of a walk, should 
be heavy, strong, and with high heels, and pointed at 
the toe with steel. 

Horse shoeing is what every worker o^ iron, who 
has acquired the name of a blacksmith, pretends to be 
well skilled in ; but there are few indeed in possession 
of sufficient knowledge on that subject, to make it safe to 
place under their care a horse of value, for the purpose 
of being shod. To perform this operation correctly, 
and without present or future injury, requires not only 
good skill and judgment, but a thorough acquaintance 
with the anatomy of a horse's foot, which is a know 
ledge but few of our blacksmiths are in possession ot, 
and is the cause of so many horses being rendered 
useless. Almost all the diseases in the feet, are, more 
or less, the result of bad shoeing, by wounding muscles, 
•'eins nerves, or arteries in this way. 




The hoofs of a horse should be proportioned to his 
size; of a dark colour, smooth, tough, and nearly 
round ; not too flat nor too upright, and the bottom 
hollow. White hoofs are much more tender than any 
other colour, nor do they retain or bear a shoe so well. 
One that is flat, turning up at the toe or full oi ridges, 
or flat and pumiced on the under side, strongly indicates 
founder or other injury. If the hair lie smooth at the 
top of the hoof, it is an evidence of its being good, 
should there be nothing unnatural in its shape ; but ii 
tne hair stands up and appears rough, and the flesh 
swelled a little beyond the circle of the hoof, it is a 
proof the foot is in some way diseased and a ring bone 
may be apprehended. 



The mane and tail of a horse, when thf? hair is even, 
smooth, long, and well proportioned, ^dds much to 
tiie beauty, boldness, and majesty of his figure. Great 
judgment and taste may be displayed in the trimming 
and proportioning those two ornaments. A very large 
horse, eyen if elegant, appears mean and trifling if >ou 
attach to him a little rat tail ; one very small with a 
monstrous long, bushy tail; or a square, narrow 
hipi^ed, lathy horse, with a small bob tail, onl/ sovvea 





to point out his imperfections, and attach to his ap- 
pearance an idea of insignificance and meanness. One 
with a remarkably long body, with a thin switch bob 
tail bears no better proportion than the legs and thighs 
,.f a dwarf to the head and body. A large horse, 
roaolied and bobbed, never shows to advantage, as the 
appearance of the riding horse is given up, and the 
round and snug appearance of the nimble footed pony 
can never be attained. For a horse to look well with 
a bob tail, he should be plump, round, full, and com- 
pact ; but all tails that are full of hair, show to much 
more advantage than those that are thin and frizzled. 
Previous to a tail's being trimmed, great resj^ct 
should be paid to the shape and proportion of the 
horse, and the tail should be made an equal propor- 
tionable part. The manes of all horses, except ponies, 
should be long, smooth, and reaching at least half way 
down the neek ; nothing can more disfigure him than 
a short frizzled mane : it even alters, apparently, the 
shape of the neck, and when once in this situation, it 
will take twelve months to grow of proper length. 
The mane of a horse may be combed two or three 
limes a dav, as a thin mane looks well ; but his tail, 
if well proportioned and elegant, should not be combed 
oftener than twice a week. 



The eye is an organ of more use and more value 
than any that belongs to the horse, and should always 
undergo an examination by a purchaser with the 



greatest attention and minuteness. Nothing can more 
allect his value than the want of vision ; as any -.legant 
horse, that would readily command in cash two hundred 
dollars, if blind, in all probability, would be w^ll sold 
at fifty dollars, which plainly proves the necessity and 
importance of using on this subject the greatest 
caution. ^ 

To give a full description of the anatomy of a horse's 
eyo, would take up more room and time than can at 
present be devoted to this topic: the reader must be 
content with a description of those parts most familiar 
and most important. 

The eye is the organ of sight, whereby the ideas oi 
ail outward objects are represented to the common 
sensory ; its form is a convex globular, covered by its 
proper lids, and enclosed within an orbit or socket: the 
eyelids preserve the eye from dust or external injury, 
and an expansion of the muscles and skin, the inner 
membrane being of an exquisite contexture, that it 
may in no manner hurt or impair the surface of the 
eye: their edges have a cartilaginous or gristly rim, 
by which they are so fitted as to meet close together 
at pressure ; the orbit or cavity in which the eye is 
situated, is lined with a very pliable, loose fat, which 
is not only easy to the eye in its various motions, but 
serves to keep it sufficiently moist, as the lachamaliai 
glands, seated in the outer corner of the eye, serve to 
moisten its surface, or wash oft* any dust or dirt that 
may happen to get into it: at the inner corner of the 
eye, next the nose, is a carbuncle, which some are of 
0| inion is placed to keep that corner of the eye from 
being entirely closed, that any tears or gummy matter 
may be discharged even in time of sleep, or into the 
vunctua lucnajnaUuy which are little lioles for i\\ei 





!)urpose of carrying ofl* any superfluous moisture or 
tears into the nose: the eye has four coats or mem- 
branes, and three humours ; the first membrane is called 
tu7iika adnata, and covers all that part of the eye that 
in a man appears white, but in a horse is variegateti 
with streaks and spots of brown, and being reflected 
back, lines the inside of the eyelids, and by that inver- 
sion becomes the means to prevent motes, dust, sniall 
Hies, or any extraneous matter getting behind the eye- 
ball into the orbit, which would be extremely danger- 
ous: this coat is full of blood vessels, which appear in 
little red streaks on the human eye when inflamed, 
and when there is but little white in the eyes of 
horses, they appear fiery, and the eyelids, when 
opened and turned back, look red : the second coat has 
its foiepart very strong and transparent, like horn, 
and is therefore called the cornea; and the other part, 
which is opaque and dark, is called the schlerotis: 
under the cornea lies the im, which in a horse inclines 
to cinnamon colour: the middle of this membrane, 
or coat, is perforated for the admission of the rays 
of light, and is called the pupil : under the iris lies 
I he processes ciliares, which go ofl m little rays, and 
n a sound eye are plainly to be seen. As often 
as these processes contract, they dilate the pupil, 
which may always be observed in places where the 
ight is small ; but in a strong light, the circular fibres 
if the iris act as a sphincter muscle, and lessen the size 
of the pupil ; and therefore a dilated and wide pupil, in 
a strong light, is generally an evidence of a bad eye. 
Under the schlerotis lies the choroides, which is the 
third coat of the eye : in men it is of a dusky brown 
but in horses the greater part of this coat is white, 
which enables them to see bodies of all colours better 
ihan men in the night, as white reflects all colours 

But horses and other ammals that feed on grass, have 
some parts of this membrane of a light green, which 
enables them to see with little light, and makes grass 
an object that they can discern with greatest strength, 
and therefore it is sometimes called tunicia uvea, 
from its resembling the colour of a grape. The inner- 
most or fourth coat is called the membrana retina, 
which is only an expansion of the optic nerve up(»n 
the choroides, and encompasseth the glossy humour 
like a net. By the continuation of the rays of light 
upon the fine filaments of this membrane, all the 
external images are conveyed by the optic nerves to 
tlie brain. Within the coats of the eye are seated the 
three humours that chiefly compose the eyeball; the 
first is the aqueous or watery humour, which lies 
foremost and seems chiefly as a proper medium to 
preserve the crystalline humours from injuries m case 
<,f wounds, bruises, or any other external cause. 
Behind the aqueous humour lies the crystalline lens, 
in a very firm membrane called arena, being like a 
spider's web— its use is to refract the rays of light 
that pass through it, so that all the rays proceeding 
from the same point of any object, being first refracted 
on the cornea, may be united on the retina— \\\^ 
vitreous humour lies behind the crystalline, being con- 
cave on its foreside to make a convenient lodgement for 
the crystalline, and its hinder part convex agreeable 
t) the globular form of the eye, upon which the tunica 
retina and choroides are spread : this humour pos- 
sesses a space larger than the other two, and being ol 
a hue like a light coloured green glass, is a pro[)cr 
medium, not only to keep the cr>^stalline humour and 
the retina at a proper distance from each other, but by 
Its colour to prevent the rays o^ light falUiur U»o tor 

I i 

1 y 


1 I 





«*iblv uru.M the .'iitter, wiucli nnoht weaken or inipair 

liie sight. 

The eyes of horses difler so widely in their appcni-- 
ance, that the best judges will be sometimes mistaken 
as to their power of vision ; but I shall here recom- 
mend such modes of examination as will rarely de- 
reive, having already described that organ fully, when 
in its most perfect state. 

For the purpose of making a fair trial of a horse's 
eyes, that you suspect to be bad, and to ascertain their 


1st. Have him confined in a dark stable about fif- 
teen minutes, then led hastily out into a strong light : 
if he winks fast, w^rinkles his brows, throwing his 
head up as if desirous of receiving more light, and 
moves his ears backwards and forwards slowly, in an 
unmeaning manner, his eyes are not good. 

Zd. If his eyes appear sunk, with the lids shrivelled 
or very much swelled, it is a proof they have received 
an Iniury. 

3d. It the ball of the eye appears covered with a 
film, or the remains of one about the corners, with the 
pupil large and light coloured, without occasionally 
contracting with a look wild and vacant, his eyes are 

4th. If he can be rode against a tree or any other 
object which he should avoid, and which should alarm 
him, his eyes are bad. 

5th. If when moved he lifts his feet high and awk- 
wardly, and appears not to know where he is about to 
place them, you may immediately conclude he is I lind. 

0th. If when rode over small gullies or old corn 
giound, he blunders much» and requires the constant 
attention of the rider to guide him, his eyes are nol 

7th. If you shake your hand near his eyes in such 
a manner that he cannot feel the wind from it, and he 
pays no attention to it, by winkmg quick, and moving 
his ears, his eyes are such as should not be made 
choice of. 

8th. If at night, when you approach him with a 
candle, and the pupil of his eye looks large, of a light 
blue colour, without having near its middle, and on the 
upper part, little rough spots, of a dark brown colour, 
resembling moss, or if the pupil contains large white 
opaque lumps, the horse is either blind or occasionallv 
subject to blindness, and slioula be avoided by a 

The eyes of some horses are very subject to films, 
<vhich have been sometimes removed by large bleed- 
ngs, or the use of double refined loaf sugar, or glass 
Dottie, powdered. Eyes thus affected are much to be 
dreaded, as it is very difficult to discover them. One 
hard ride will make a horse blind; and one large 
bleeding will remove the film. To detect such eyes, 
examine minutely the corners, as the film leaves those 
parts of the eye last, and will appear there, when it 
has been removed from the middle of the eye foi 
several days. 

The eyes of a horse are never too large, but very 
frequently too small ; and when shaped like a pig^s, 
are neither durable nor handsome, and form a serious 
objection. The wall or white eyes are truly valuable, 
being much hardier and less subject to disease than 
eyes of any other description ; for who ever recollects 
to have seen a horse blind, or even with diseased eyes, 
that had wall eyes? and unquestionably they can see 
better in the night than a horse without thetu. 



! I 




The eres of a horse should be large, round, full 
lively, dark coloured, clear, and shining ^^J^^^/^ 
see far into them ; and when moving, but ht le ot the 
^hite should appear. Dealers in those anun^« -e 
very apt to endeavour to lead a purchaser from any 
defect he by chance may discover about a horse, to 
so ne part Jithout fault, or some of his best parts ; and 
as to eyes, speak of them as if they were of little or no 
conseque.;i Purchasers should always be on the.r 
.uard when dealing with men that possess so nmch 
artifice and cunning. 



We sometimes observe the eyes of a horse to change 
c >lour, and to vary in appearance monthly. Eyes thus 
uflected, are called moon eyes, from the prevailing 
opinion that the affection increases or decreases wUh 
,he course of the moon ; insomuch that in the full moon 
the eves are muddy, discharging a thin ichorous water 
so sharp as sometimes to excoriate the skm, and at 
new moon clear up again. At first appearance of th.s 
disease, the eyes are much swelled, and very often 
.hul, and the whole eyeball of a muddy brown; the 
veins of the temple, and near the eyes, appear remark, 
ablv full of blood, and both eyes are seldom affected 
at the same time. Large bleedings, and the eyes 
washed frequently in cold water, give temporary rehef ; 
Imt this disease is the forerunner of a cataract, which 
seldom admits of a cure ; the cases generally end m 
3(Ujdness of one, if not botn eyes. 

The eyes of horses are very frequently wounded 
and injured by blows, flies, accidents, &c. which can 
always be distinguished from diseased eyes by a 
proper examination. To perform a cure, when thus 
injured, wash them three or four times a day m clean, 
cold spring water, after which repeat the washing 
adding a small quantity of sugar of lead to the water, 
when the eye gets strong enough to open of its own 
accord, in the light. Should a film appear on the 
siu-face, (which is absolutely necessary, if the eye has 
received a wound, before it can heal,) take of double 
refined loaf sugar, or glass bottle powdered to a fine 
dust, a small quantity in the end of a quill; blow it 
in the eye affected, every third morning for a week : 
bleed at least three times within the week, taking 
about half a gallon of blood at each bleeding ; if the 
horse is not disposed to go blind, the cure will in a shoi« 
time be completed. 



Horses, as we.l as men, sometimes acquiie beo 
habits, of which they can but seldom divest themselves. 
Starting is one among the worst habits a horse can 
possess, an.l has a tendency to reduce his value at least 
one fourth, in consequence of endangering the life ol 
any person who may back him. A good rider has 
sometimes been thrown by his horse in starting, that 
would have defied his agility in any other way. 

A rider never can guard against a starting horse, as 
he gives no notice of his intentions, by the moving ul 





his eai«, eyes, manner of going, &c. as they generally 
do in rearing, jumping, kicking, sullenness, and such 
vices. Some few horses are broke of starting by mild 
means, others by cruel treatment ; but whoever engages 
in it, at least runs the risk of breaking his own neck 
before his object is accompUshed. 

A horse subject to starting, labours under an ocular 
deception, or rather an optic defect, seeing nothing 
perfectly, or in proper shape or colour; and can as 
easily make a scare-crow of a little bush or chunk, that 
may happen to lay in his road, as the most frightful 
object that could meet his sight. 

To ascertain that a horse starts, is very easy indeed. 
Mount him yourself, ride first slow, and then fast, 
towards and by such objects as are offensive to the eye, 
and you will readily discover if he possesses that bad 

habit. , . , . ,. •]! 

Some horses that are free from this objection, will 

notice particularly all objects they meet, and may sidle 

a little ; but a starting horse, on approaching any objec 

that may displease him, whether frightful or not, will 

either suddenly spring from one side of the road to the 

other, jump back, or when going in a full gallop, stop 

suddenly, turn round, and run in an opposite direction 

from the one he was going. Such horses arc neithet 

agreeable or safe for any kind of service. 


The stumbling of a horse may be either natural 
or produced by accidents, such as splint, wind galls, 
sinew strains, shoulder sprains, withers injured, &c. 
&c. but whether produced by accident or natural 
defect, cannot be remedied. All horses, and particu- 
larly those that go well, stumble more or less; but there 
is a very wide distinction between a light tip or touch 
on the foot, and a stumble that will bring a horse and 
sometimes his rider flat in the dirt. Horses given to 
this practice, are very much lessened in value, and can 
never be rode by any person aware of his bad qualify, 
without being in pain, dreading every time ne lifts his 
feet, that all will be prostrated \n tne dust. 
To ascertain it a horse stumbles, 
1 St. Examine well his knees, to discover if they are 
scarred, or the hair knocked off. 

2d. Take him amongst uneven ground, small gullies, 
or old corn ground, and let him be rode with the bridle 
hanging slack upon his neck, in all the different gaits 
he hasleen accustomed to, and if he is in the habit of 
stumbling, he will very soon make a sufficient numbier 
of low bows to convince you of the fact. 

3d. When a horse stumbles and immediately springs 
off, appearing alarmed, it is a proof that he is an old 
offender, and is under the apprehension of having on« 
other flogging added to the great number he nad, no 
doubt, received for the same fault. Such a horse I 
consider unsafe, and therefore cannot recommend him 
to purchasers ; he being not so good, even for a slow 
draft, as one possessing more activity. 





.. ' 


A SPAVINED horse may be considered as one com- 
pletely ruined, for a permanent cure can rarely be 
eflccted, if attempted, even on its first appearance. 

The spavin is a lump, knot, or swelling, on the inside 
of the hock, below the joint, that benumbs the limbs, 
and destroys the free use of the hind legs. It causes 
A horse to be extremely lame, and to experience, 
apparently, very excruciating pain. 

In the purchase of a horse, great respect should be 
paid to his bringing up his hind parts well, as a spavined 
horse never makes a full step with the leg affected ; 
also to the shape of his hocks, in order to discover 
if there is any knot or unnatural prominence about 
the joint, which is an evidence of the spavin. When 
a horse is thus diseased, he is unfit for any kind o\ 
service, even the meanest drudgery, being in constant 
pain, and unable to perform. Horses sometimes have 
the spavin, when there is no lump apparent near the 
joint, the disease being seated in the joint. To detect 
such spavin, and to prevent a cunning fellow (who may 
have given the animal rest, blistered and bathed the part 
with double distilled spirits, and formed a temporary 
relief,) from imposing on a purchaser, have the horse 
rode m three quarters speed, about one mile out and 
back, occasionally fretting, cracking, and drawing nini 
up suddenly and short; after which let him be rode 
in cold water up to the belly ; then piace him in a stall 
without interruption, for about half an hour, by which 
time he will be perfectly cool ; then have him led out. 
ar.d moved gently: if he has received a lomjwary 

cure of the spavin, he will show lameness. A blistc 
of Spanish flies applied to the part affected (after 
shaving off the hair) with a bath of strong spirits oi 
vinegar, and a week's rest, will frequently suspend 
the lameness produced by the spavin for a time, but a 
radical cure may not be exoected. 



Crib Biting is one amongst the number of bad 
habits to which some horses are addicted. It consists 
in his catching hold of the manger, grunting and 
sucking ill wind, until he is almost ready to burst. To 
discover this vice, it is only necessary to have a horse 
fed : whenever they eat, at least one half of his victuals 
is wasted, by Ueir catching hold of the manger, 
grunting, straining, and swallowing large quantities ol 
wind every two or three mouthfuls, which produces 
the cholic and other distressing diseases. 

Whenever this very bad habit is acquired, it is 
practised as long as the animal lives. Many experi- 
ments and fruitless attempts have been made to 
remedy it, but without success. An elegant horse, 
when once he becomes a crib biter, is reduced in value 
to litde or nothing. He always looks hollow, jadeA 
and delicate, and is ineapable of rendering service io 
any situatior 



Broken Wind is one amongst the number ot 
incurable diseases to which the horse is s ubject. W hen 
affected with this disease, he is disagreeable to his 
rider, and is of but Httle value, however beautiful or 
elegant he may be in his appearance. All the boasted 
pretensions of farriers to cure, are vain and frivolous, 
since their utmost skill, now and then, can only palliate 
tlie symptoms, and mitigate their violence. 

It is easy to discover a broken winded horse. By 
giving him a little brisk exercise, he will draw up his 
flanks and drop them suddenly, breathe with great 
difficulty, and make a disagreeable wheezing noise. 
The seat of the disease appears, from dissection, to l)e 
in the lungs; the heart and lungs being found of twice 
their natural size, which prevents their performing their 
office with ease, in the action of respiration. 

Broken wind is sometimes produced in a horse by 
excessive fatigue, heavy drafts, sudden changes from 
heat to cold, and other cruel treatment. It would be 
advisable to dispose of such horses at any price, as 
ihey are not worth their feeding. 

This complaint, I believe, does not admit of perfect 
cure: but by much care may be greatly relieved. 
The food should he compact and nutritious, such as 
corn and old hay. Carrots are excellent in this case, 
as are paismps and beet roots, probably on account of 
the saccharine matter they contain. I have heard 
that molasses has been given in the water (which 
should be in very small quantities) with very great 
•ncc4^ss. Some have used tar water; others pr»UK«i 



the effects of lime water; but the greatest dependence 
should be in very sparing supplies of substantial food. 
The exercise ought to be regular, but never beyond a 
walking pace. If the symptomatic cough should be 
tioublesome, take away about three quarts of blor.d 
every other day. 



The string halt affects horses in their hind legs, 
and consists in a false action or involuntary use of a 
muscle, which twitches one of the legs almost up to 
the belly, and sometimes both. The string halt is 
produced by a muscle being over strained, or a violent 
blow on the hind parts. Good rubbing, and baths ol 
warm vinegar and sweet oil, afford momentary relief, 
but a permanent cure may not be expected. A horse 
thus injured, is incapable of faithfully performing a 
journey, although he may be rode four or five miles 
without appearing to sink with fatigue. Such a horse 
is very objectionable, being uneasy to the rider, and 
must give pain to every peison who is in the habil o( 
seeing him rode. 






The chest founder appears to be a disease but little 
understood by farriers in general; they are, however, 
not backward in offering many remedies, and speak 
of some with much confidence, when they propose 
performing a cure. But experience has proved, beyond 
the possibility of a doubt, that the chest founder is one 
of those dreadful diseases to which the horse is subject, 
that admits of no cure. 1 can here be of more use, by 
speaking of its seat, and describing its symptoms to a 
purchaser, than by pretending there exists, for that 
disease, a specific medicine, or propose its use to the 
owner of such an unfortunate animal. 

The chest founder is sometimes produced by violent 
exercse on a full stomach, and drinking large quan- 
titles of cold branch water ; by the use of mouldy 
bran, corn, or oats, or by eating large quantities o1 
green food, such as oats, wheat, peas, &c. while per- 
forming hard labour. 

From dissection, it appears that the seat of the 
disease is in the lungs ; the heart and liver are also 
considerably enlarged, insomuch that there is not room 
for them to perform their office with ease. The liver, 
lungs, diaphragm, and surrounding parts, are all 
covered with large brown spots, and are much 


A horse that is chest foundered, will straddle oi 
dtake with his fore legs, showing an unwillingness to 
bring his feet together; and if they are placed near 
each other, he will not permit them to remam so 
for a minute. Indeed they are frequently twelve oi 



eighteen inches apart, which is caused by a fulness, 
and continual uneasiness about the chest : the cavity 
being too small to contain the lungs, &c. in then 
enlarged situation with ease. 

The hind legs are free from the palsied appearance 
of those before, and it is not ditficult to distinguisn it 
from a common founder, as it is wanting in all its 
symptoms, except the stiff and numbed appearance ol 

the legs 

Large bleedings and half an ounce of aloes, given 
internally in a ball, have sometimes afforded momen- 
tary relief. No effectual remedy has yet been dis- 
covered. A horse labouring under this disease, is 
worth but little more than his board, as he is unable to 
bear fatigue, or underp;o severe service. 



Is a disease that often produces lameness without 
the master of the horse knowing from what cause it 
proceeds : often examining his legs, cleaning his hoafs, 
paring the frogs of his feet, &c. &c. without paying 
any respect to the shape of the horse's heels, which 
are always close together and unaturally shaped. 

A horse with narrow heels is unfit to travel, as ht? 
is tender footed, and goes cramped, short, and is al- 
ways subject to lameness, more o.' less. 

Narrow heels is the effect of shoes being permitted 
U) remain on a horse that is not used, for three or loui 







Broken Wind is one amongst the number ot 
incurable diseases to which the horse is subject. When 
affected with this disease, he is disagreeable to his 
rider, and is of but little value, however beautiful or 
elegant he may be in his appearance. All the boasted 
pretensions of farriers to cure, are vain and frivolous, 
since their utmost skill, now and then, can only palliate 
the symptoms, and mitigate their violence. 

It is easy to discover a broken winded horse. By 
giving him a little brisk exercise, he will draw up his 
rlanks and drop them suddenly, breathe with great 
difficulty, and make a disagreeable wheezing noise. 
The seat of the disease appears, from dissection, to be 
in the iungs; the heart and lungs being found of twice 
their natural size, which prevents their performing their 
otfice with ease, in the action of respiration. 

Broken wind is sometimes produced in a horse by 
excessive fatigue, heavy drafts, sudden changes from 
heat to cold, and other cruel treatment. It would be 
advisable to dispose of such horses at any price, as 
ihey are not worth their feeding. 

This complaint, I believe, does not admit of perfect 
cure: but by much care may be greatly relieved. 
The food should be compact and nutritious, such as 
corn and old hay. Carrots are excellent in this case, 
as are paisnips and beet roots, probably on account of 
tlie saccharine matter they contain. I have heard 
that molasses has been given in the water (which 
should be in very small quantities) with very great 
*ncc^ss. Some have used tar water; others priiwJ 

the effects of lime water; but the greatest dependence 
should be in very sparing supplies of substantial food. 
Tlie exercise ought to be regular, but never beyond a 
walking pace. If the symptomatic cough should be 
tioublesome, take away about three quarts of blocd 
every other day. 



The string halt affects horses in their hind legs, 
and consists in a false action or involuntary use of a 
muscle, which twitches one of the legs almost up to 
the belly, and sometimes both. The string halt is 
produced by a muscle being over strained, or a violent 
blow on the hind parts. Good rubbing, and baths ol 
warm vinegar and sweet oil, afford momentary relief, 
but a permanent cure may not be expected. A horse 
thus injured, is incapable of faithfully performing a 
journey, although he may be rode four or five miles 
without appearing to sink with fatigue. Such a horse 
is very objectionable, being uneasy to the rider, ami 
must give pain to every peison who is in the habil of 
seeing him rode. 




KaUI£(VW nUKlM, 




The chest founder appears to be a disease but lit lie 
umlerstood by farriers in general ; they are, however, 
not backward in offering many remedies, and speak 
of some with much confidence, when they propose 
performing a cure. But experience has proved, beyond 
the possibility of a doubt, that the chest founder is one 
of those dreadful diseases to which the horse is subject, 
that admits of no cure. 1 can here be of more use, by 
8peaking of its seat, and describing its symptoms to a 
purchaser, than by pretending there exists, for that 
disease, a specific medicine, or propose its use to the 
owner of such an unfortunate animal. 

The chest founder is sometimes produced by violent 
exerc's.e on a full stomach, and drinking large quan- 
titles of cold branch water ; by the use of mouldy 
bran, corn, or oats, or by eating large quantities o1 
green food, such as oats, wheat, peas, &c. while per- 
forming hard labour. 

From dissection, it appears that the seat of the 
disease is in the lungs ; the heart and liver are also 
considerably enlarged, insomuch that there is not room 
for them to perform their office with ease. The liver, 
lungs, diaphragm, and surrounding parts, are all 
covered with large brown spots, and are much 

A horse that is chest foundered, will straddle oi 
dtake with his fore legs, showing an unwillingness to 
bring his feet together; and if they are placed near 
each other, he will not permit them to remain so 
for a minute. Indeed they are frequently twelve oi 

eighteen inches apart, which is caused by a fulness, 
and continual uneasiness about the chest : the cavitv 
being too small to contain the lungs, (fee. in then 
enlarged situation with ease. » 

The hind legs are free from the palsied appearance 
of those before, and it is not difficult to distinguisn it 
from a common founder, as it is wanting in all its 
symptoms, except the stiff and numbed appearance of 
the legs 

Large bleedings and half an ounce of aloes, given 
internally in a ball, have sometimes afforded momen- 
tary relief. No effectual remedy has yet been dis- 
covered. A horse labouring under this disease, is 
worth but little more than his board, as he is unable to 
bear fatigue, or undergo severe service. 



1« a disease that often produces lameness without 
the master of the horse knowing from what cause it 
proceeds : often examining his legs, cleaning his hoofs, 
paring the frogs of his feet, (fee. &c. without pavin:? 
any respect to the shape of the horse's heels, which 
are always close together and unaturally shaped. 

A horse with narrow heels is unfit to travel, as he 
«s tender footed, and goes cramped, short, and is al- 
ways subject to lameness, more o." less. 

Narrow heels is the effect of shoes being permitted 
fr) remain on a horse that is not used, for three or unu 



^ LAMPA88. 



nionlJia, which cause the heels to grow togcthej, piner 
iiig and confining the coronet. 

The cure is simple, though tedious. Have his shoes 
taken off and his feet cut down as small as possible, 
without injuring the quick ; then turn him out upon a 
marsh or low ground, where his hoofs may be con- 
stantly moist for three or four months, and his heels 
will expand, his hoofs again assume their natural shape, 
and the horse will be fit for any kind of service. 



The splint is a hard lump or excrescence that grows 
upon the fore legs of a horse between the fetlock and 
the knee. It is unpleasant to the eye, but seldom does 
injury, unless situated on the back of the leg and im- 
mediately under the large tendons, in which case 
lameness Is always produced, and the cure rendered 


When the splint is situated in the usual place, and 
grows so large as to be unfavourable to beauty — to 
remove it, bathe the part with hot vinegar twice a day. 
and have the knot or splint rubbed with a smooth round 
stick, after bathing for ten or fifteen minutes ; by the 
expiration of a week the knot will perceptibly decrease 
in size, and finally, in a short time will disappear.— 
But should such means not have the desired effect, 
shave off the hair over the lump, and apply a blister o\ 
Spanish flies, which in a Jihort time will effectually 
'emove it. .. •• 

The splint, when first making its appearance, will 
cause a horse to limp a little: and, as he advances in 
years, may stiffen him, and cause him to stumble. 
But I have never known any serious injury to result 
from such an excrescence, unless placed beneath the 
•arge tendons. 



All young horses are subject to the lampass, and 
sume suffer extremely before it is discovered. 

It is a swelling or enlarging of the gums on the 
.nside of the upper jaw : the growth is sometimes so 
luxuriant as to prevent a horse from eating with any 
comfort. The cure is simple; and after being per- 
formed, a horse will improve in his condition with 
great rapidity. 

Take a hot iron, flat, sharp, and a little crooked at 
the end, burn the lampass out just below the level oi 
the teeth, using great care to prevent the hot iron 
from bearing or resting upon the teeth. After the 
operation is performed, the horse should be given a little 
bran or meal, with a small quantity of salt in it* 

Some farriers have recommended cutting for the 
lampass, which only gives momentary relief, and would 
require the same operation to be performed every three 
or four months : but when it is once burnt out, it never 
ngain makes its appearance. 
10» « 




I Of 

V i'. ^ 




I ( 

Wind Galls are spongy and flatulent humours, that 
make their appearance on both sides of the legs, just 
above the pastern joint or fetlock. It is seldom that 
a horse is found entirely clear of them, particularly 
about the hind legs, if he be much used. 

They are produced by hard usage, strains, bruises, 
&c. (fee. of the back sinews or the sheath that covers 
them, which by being over-stretched, have some 
of their fibres ruptured ; whence probably may ooze 
out the fluid which is commonly found with tb« 
included air. 

When wind galls make their first appearance, they 
are easily cured by a bath and bandage. Boil red oak 
bark to a strong decoction, add some sharp vinegar and 
a little alum, let the parts be fomented twice a day, 
warm as the hand can be held in it ; then take a woollen 
cloth, dip it in the bath, and bind the ancle up, tight as 
possible, without giving pain to the horse. 

Should this method not succeed, after a thorough 
trial, the swelled or puflTed parts may be opened with a 
sharp knife ; but blistering with flies is less dangerous, 
and generally attended with equal success. 

Wind galls give to a horse a gouty and clumsy 
appearance ; but I have never known lameness pro- 
duced by them, or any other injury, except that ol 
stiffening his legs as he advances in years. They 
furnish strong proof that the animal has rendered much 

The farcy is a contagious disease among horses 
md js more to be dreaded than any malady to whicli 
they are subject. 

It sometimes makes its appearance on a particular 
part, while at other times it spreads its horrid ravages 
through the whole system. It may be found in the 
neighbourhood of each blood vessel, following the track 
of the veins, and when inveterate, appears to thicken 
their coats and integuments. Its characteristics are a 
fulness and hardness of the veins, a number of small 
lumps or buds on the limbs or lower parts of the body 
which at first appearance are hard, but soon turn into 
soft blisters, and which (when broken) discharge an 
oily or bloody ichor, and turn into foul, spreading 
ulcers In some horses it appears in the head only, 
in others near die external jugular or plate veins, 
inside the fore arms, on the hind parts, near the lar^e 
veins mside the thighs, about the pasterns, and parti- 
eularly about the knees of the horse, which are fre- 
quently swelled until they appear deformed. 

The poison of the farcy appears to be slow in its 
operation, as a horse will frequently linger and dwindle 
away for six or nine months, and the ulcers increase 
m number and size, until the flesh appears almost dis- 
posed to fall from the bones, before life is destroyed. 
1 he appetite of a horse thus diseased Is generally good 
to the last, but his hair looks dead, and his eyes sad 
and desponding. 

The farcy, in its first stage, readily admits of u 
»-urc • hut after running on a horse for a length oi umo. 






and tiie absorbents or lymphatics about the ulcers 
become inflamed from an absorption of poisonous mat- 
ter, the cure is rendered extremely diflicult. 

Whenever the farcy rises on the spine, it shows 
great malignancy, and is considered dangerous, parti- 
cularly to horses that are fat, and full of blood. When 
it is general in the system, as is sometimes the case, 
it rises on several parts of the body at once, forming 
many large and foul ulcers, causing a profuse running 
of greenish corrupted matter from both nostrils, and 
soon terminates the existence of the animal by general 

In the lower limbs the farcy sometimes remams 
concealed for a great length of time, and makes so 
slow a progress that it is often mistaken for a wound, 
or some other disease. A single bud will sometimes 
appear opposite the pastern joint, and run upwards in 
an uneven and knotty form ; and unless some steps 
are taken to check its progress, it will slowly steal 
upon the animal until it becomes general in the sys- 
tem, and finally centres in the lungs ; shortly after 
which a gangrene ensues, and the horse is unburdened 
of a life that is not only painful to himself, but to all 
that behold him. 

To effect a cure in this distressing disease, in js 
first stage bleed three times the first week, taking half 
a gallon of blood at each bleeding, feed principally on 
bran, oats, or any food easily digested, and the long 
food green, (if to be had ;) remove all filth from or 
about the staole, taking care to keep it neat and clean 
afterwards ; give three mashes a week, of bran, scalded 
with sassafras tea, one table spoonful of powdered 
nrimstone, and one tea spoonful of saltiietre (not per- 


mitting the horse to drink for six hours afterwards,) 
take half an ounce of asafcetida, which can be pro- 
cured in any apothecary*s shop; wrap it in a clean 
linen rag, and nail it in the bottom of the manger in 
which he is fed : all his dnnk must be equal quantities 
of sassafras boiled in water to a strong decoction, and 
half an ounce of asafcetida should be placed in his 
watering bucket in the same manner as directed for 
the manger; the buds or ulcers should be washed once 
a day with blue-stone or copperas water, and if the 
knees or ancles are swelled, spread on a piece of buck- 
skin mercurial ointment, and bind them up as tight as 
possible without giving pain. 

The second week bleed twice, taking half a gallon of 
olood each bleeding, if the horse is in tolerable order ; 
or if poor, only half the quantity; give the same number 
of mashes as directed for the first week, also the same 
drink, taking care to renew the asafa^tida in the man- 
ger and bucket, should it be sufficiently exhausted 
to require it. 

The third week bleed but once, taking one quart of 
blood ; in other respects observe the same treatment 
as directed for the first and second weeks. The horse 
should be moderately exercised about a mile, twice a 
day, and occasionally should be offered a little horn- 
mony, as a change of food, to keep up his appetite. 

By the time your attentions for the third weea 
expire, if the disease is only local, it will not only be 
removed, but the plight of the horse will be mucn 

When the farcy make its appearance epidemically, 
the cure is rendered difficult, and will require the aid 
of more active medicine. Prepare and give to a horw 




I I 

thus diseased, a ball, every night for a week, corn- 
posed of twenty-five grains of calomel, a quarter of an 
ounce of powdered fennel seed, a small quantity of 
syrup of any kind, and as much crumb of loaf bread 
as will make a ball about the size of an Englisli 
walnut; all buds or ulcers should be washed clean in 
blue-stone water, after which they shonld be well 
rubbed around with mercurial ointment once a day ; a 
narrow pitch plaster should be laid on at the joining of 
the head and neck, in the direction of the throat latch, 
for the purpose of taking off the hair, which will happen 
in two or three days; after which, a lump of mercu- 
rial ointment, about the size of a hickory nut, must be 
rubbed on the naked part, amongst the large glands of 
the throat, until it is entirely absorbed, every night 
and morning, until the expiration of the week ; added 
to which, the treatment generally may be the same as 
before recommended in the more simple stage of the 
farcy, with these exceptions; — the drink should never 
be cold, but the air taken off, or milk warm; the 
mashes without sulphur, during the week the balls are 
given, as the sulphur counteracts the effects of the 
calomel and ointment; he should not be bled, and 
great care should be used to prevent his getting wet, 
and catching cold in any way while under the course 
of physic. 

At the expiration .of the first week, stop with the 
balls ana ointment for a week, adding sulphur to the 
mashes, as directed in the first stage of farcy. At 
the expiration of the second week, stop with the sulplmi, 
and again commence with the balls and ointment. Go 
on in this manner, continumg to change the medicine 
each week, until the cure is performed. 


It may sometimes happen that a horse's mouth will 
become sore before the expiration of a week, when 
taking the balls and using the ointment. Whenever 
this is discovered, slop with the balls, and add sulphur 
to the mashes, which will readily remove the soreness 
about the mouth. 

The farcy is so contagious that it often destroj s 
horses of every description upon a plantation, and 
leaves the plough of industry standing still in the far- 
mer's field. Not long since, a gentlemen in the county 
of Sussex, lost upwards of forty horses by this fatal 
disease, without being able to save one. For the 
oenefit of those who have more than one horse, I 
would recommend the use of asafcEtida in the manger, 
watering bucket, and to the bridle bit, to prevent the 
farcy from dealing out destruction to their whole 
stock. I have made a fair experiment with this simple 
preventive, by placing a horse violently affected with it, 
and which fell a victim to it, in the same stable with 
one in health, without any ill consequences resulting 
from their contiguous situation. 
^ The farcy has visited several farms within th<^ 
United States, with effects so dreadful, as not only te 
destroy every one of the species, without respec't to 
age, but even occupied in triumph the walks and 
resting places of its prey. Nor could the disease be 
diverted from its stand, or completely eradicated, until 
stables, shelters, pens. Jitter, straw, &c. (fee w?rff 
entirely consumed and reduced to ashes. 




The ring bone partakes of the nature of the spavin, 
and frequently proceeds from the same cause. It 
makes its appearance on the lower part of the pastern, 
and sometimes immediately opposite the cofRn joint. 
It is a hard and bony substance, and generally reaches 
half way round the ancle, which gives to the ancle an 
unnatural appearance, and causes the horse to go stiff 
and lame. Its name has proceeded from its resem- 
blance to a ring. It seldom admits of a cure, conse- 
quently a horse diseased with it is worth but little. 

When the ring bone first makes its appearance, 
blisters of flies have sometimes been employed with 
success. But after growing to full size, and remaining 
some length of time, to offer a remedy would be de- 
ceitful and presumptuous. 

Remedy, — A strong preparation of corrosive subli- 
mate added to Spanish flies and Venice turpentine, 
and mixed with hog's lard, will often dissolve a ring 
buue, «fec. 



The injury sustained by horses, called founder, w 
sometimes the effect of the cruelty of his master, and 
at other times brought on by injudicious treatment ; 
but it mos . frequently produced by carelessness, or 



a want of knowledge of the treatment necessary to 
those excellent animals on a journey. 

Although the horse is endowed with the strength 
and powers of the lion, yet he seldom exerts either 
to the prejudice of his master. On the contrary, he 
gliares with him in his labours, and seems to participate 
with hiin in his pleasures. Generous and persevering, 
he gives up his whole powers to the service of his 
master; and though bold and intrepid, he represses 
the natural fire and vivacity of his temper, and not only 
yields to the hand, but seems to consult the inclination 
of his rider. 

But it must continue to be a matter of regret to every 
feeling mind, that these excellent qualities should be 
so often shamefullv abused in the most unnecessary 
exertions ; and the honest labours of this noble animal 
thrown away in the ungrateful task of accomplishing; 
the purposes of an unfeeling folly, or lavished in grati- 
fying the expectations of an intemperate moment. 

A horse may be foundered by excessive hard rides, 
permitting him to plunge deep into cold water, while 
fiot and sweating, and drinking his fill of cold pond 
water, eating large quantities of new corn and fodder, 
and then briskly exercised ; over feeding with bran 
alone whilst performing hard labour, drinking plenti- 
fully at every branch in travelling, feeding with more 
than a horse can eat after being half starved, violent 
exercise on a full bellv, or not permitting a horse who 
has travelled in a hot sun all day, to cool thoroughly, 
before he is given as much as he can eat, drink, <fec. 

Symptoms of a Founder, — The symptoms that indi- 
cate an approaching founder, are so few and M9 
common« that the most ignorant persons will rarely \>fi 






mistaken. Great heat about the legs, pasterns, and 
cars, a soreness in the feet, together with a st.flness 
so great in all his limbs that the animal frequently 
refuses to move, unless force is used ; his flanks and 
•ower part of his belly draws up, his hide becomes 
bound or tight, his legs thrown a little more iorward 
than in his usual or natural position ; a constant thirst, 
and very often a considerable swelUng of the ancles, 
&c. &c. 

Remedy for a Founder.So soon as you are con- 
vinced that your horse is foundered, take Irom his 
neck vein at least one gallon of blood ; give a drench 
of one quart strong sassafras tea, one table spoonful of 
saltpetre, and a quarter of an ounce of asafoetida, 
and do not permit him to drink for five or six hours ; at 
the expiration of which time, should he not be evidently 
better, repeat the bleeding, taking half a gallon of 
blood, and give another drench: at night offer hun 
some bran or oats, scalded with sassafras tea, and if it 
can be procured, let him have green food, fresh from 
the field, for it has the happy effect of opening the 
bowels, and cooling the system: his feet should \)e 
nicely cleaned out, and stuffed with fresh cow manure: 
his drink should be at least one half sassafras tea, with 
V a small handful of salt thrown therein. 


By the morning, should the horse be better, nothing 

fuither is necessary, only being careful not to over 

feed him. But should there be no change for the 

better, tie a small cord just above his knees, and with a 

ancet or fleam bleed in a vein that runs around the 

<'.oronet, just above the hoof; take from each leg a 

oint of blood: give a pound of salts dissolved in three 

half pints of water, in form of a drench; keep his feet 

stntlbd with fresh cow manure, and bathe his legs with 

equal parts of sharp vmegar, spirits and sweet oi! or 
lard. By attention to these directions, in two or three 
days the horse will again be fit for service. 

A horse in this unpleasant situation requires great 
attention. Whenever they are foundered, they search 
for a bank of manure to stand on, which should al- 
ways be prevented, as its heat increases the fever. 

Horses slightly foundered, have sometimes been 
cured in a few hours, by standing them in pond water 
or mud, or by bleeding in the mouth, but those reme- 
dies are uncertain, and are not so much to be relied 
on as those first recommended. 

A foundered horse is generally very much reduced 
in flesh, before a cure is eflfected ; and is alwavs more 
subject to founder afterwards. 

Large ridges on the hoofs, or a turning up of the 
feet, are strong indications of old founders or other 



The colic is a disease to which the horse is very 
subject ; and as often proves fatal, in consequence of 
improper treatment, as any disease attendant on that 

It may be produced by improper feeding, watering, 
or riding, and sometimes by a want of energy in the 
stomach and bowels, occasioning a spasmodic con» 
«triction of the intestines, and a confinement of air 
*tk>mtj horses are naturally disposed to colic, whiie 




otliers, even with improper treatment, are seldonn w 
never attacked with that dangerous disease. 

The pangs of the coUc appear so excruciating, and 
ail the symptoms 'so violent, as to alarm, generally, 
those unaccustomed to it, and cause them to be appre- 
hensive of dangerous consequences; but by usmg tho 
remedies I shall here offer, the cure will be made ea^y, 
and the animal speedily relieved from this pamful 

Si/mptoms.—The symptoms of the colic commence 
with great restlessness and uneasiness in the horse ss 
manner of standing, frequently pawing, voids small 
quantities of excrement, and makes many fruitless 
attempts to stale : kicks his belly with his Innd legs : 
often looks round to his flanks, groaning, expressive of 
the pain he feels : lies down, rolls, gets up again, and 
sometimes for a moment, appears to find relief. But 
the pain soon returns with double violence: his ears 
are generally cold, and he often sweats about the 
flanks and shoulders : his body swelled, and he fre- 
quently shows a disposition to lay down in great haste. , 

A Table for distinguishing between the Colic or Grii>08, and in. 
fammation of the Bowels of Horses, by the symptoms that mark 
the character of each. 

Spasmodic or Flatulent Colic, 

1. Pulse natural, though some, 
limes a little lower. (1) 

2. The horse lies down and 
rolls upon his back. 

3. The legs and ear are gene- 

rally warm. 

4. AtUcks suddenly, is never 
preceded, and seldom accompa- 
iiiei by any symptoms of fever. 

5. There ar« frequently short 

Inflammation of the Bowels. 

1. Pulse very quick and sinull 

(2) . 

2. He lies down and suddenly 
rises up again, seldom rolling 
upon his back. 

3. Legs and ears generally 


4. In general, attacks gradual, 
ly, is commonly preceded, and 
always accompanied by symp- 
toms of fever. 

5. No intermissions can •« ^l> 




(1) Pulse Natural, — When in health, the pulsa- 
tions or strokes are from thirty-six to forty in u 
minute ; tliose of large, heavy horses being slower than 
those of the smaller ; and those of old ones, slower 
than those of young animals. When either are just off 
H quick pace, the strokes increase in number; as they 
do if he be alarmed or animated, by the familiar cry 
of the hounds. 

(2) Pulse very quick and small, — Fever, if the simple 
or common kind, usually increases the pulsations to 
double the healthy number. As the fever increases in 
violence, and particularly in cases of inflammation of 
the bowels, the pulse beats still higher, and reaches to 
a hundred in a minute, or more. To ascertain either 
state, the attendant should apply the points of his fingers 
gently to the artery which lies nearest the surface. 
Some prefer consulting the temporal artery, which is 
situated about an inch and a half backward from the 
corner of the eye. Others again, and they are the 
greater number, think it best to feel it underneath the 
edge of the jaw bone, where the facial artery passes on 
under the skin only to the side of the face. In either 
case, too great pressure would stop the pulsation 
altogether; though by so trying the artery against the 
law bone, will prove whetKer it be in such a rigid state 
of excitement as attends high fever; or elastic and 
springy, slipping readily from under the finger, as it does 
when health prevails, and the strokes follow each other 
regularly. The presence of high /ever is further inai 
cated by a kind of twang, or vibration, given by the 
pulse against the Jinger points, resembling much such 
fis would be felt were we to take hold of a distended 
whip cord or wire between the fingers and cause ii 
to vibrate like a fiiidlestring, shurpiv Whcieas, in 
•11 * 

-_ *■»» -y ^-.-wyxAm 






health, a sii^ell is felt in the vibration,as if the string were 
made of soft materials, and less straitened. Langm<? 
or slow pJse, and scarcely perceptible in some of the 
beats or strokes, indicates lowness of spirits, debility, 
or being used up : if this languor be felt at intervals 
only, a few strokes being very quick, and then again a 
few very slow, this indicates lowJever,m which bleeding 
would do no harm, &lc.-[A. Turf, R. <^ S. Mag.] 

Remedies.— iVwrn^er 1. Take from the neck vein 
half a gallon of blood ; take of laudanum one ounce, oi 
mint tea ono quart, milk warm ; mix them well in a 
bottle, and give the contents as a diench; let the horse 
be well rubbed under the belly, and prepare and give 
an injection of meal, water, molasses, salt, and hog's 
lard, milk warm. 

Number 2. Take of mint tea one and a half pints ; 
gin, or any spirituous liquor, half a pint ; mix them 
well in a bottle, and give them as a drench, taking care 
to rub him well. Should it not have the desired eflect 
in fifteen minutes, repeat the dose. 

Number 3. Take of camphor a quarter of an ounce 
oil of turpentine half an ounce, mint tea one pint; mi? 
them in a bottle, and give them as a drench. Confine, 
the horse in a close stable,^ cover him with three or 
four blankets, and under his belly place a large tub ol 
boiling water, which will readily throw him into a 
profuse sweat, and relieve him from pain. 

Number 4. In addition to the above, clysters ought 
.o be administered, by injecting the following ingre- 
dients, viz. : water half a gallon, salt one handful, oil 
of du.y kind one pint, molasses one pint; mix the whole, 
and inject it; and repeat it every half hour, until ihe 
bowels are well opened. 


The scratches is a disease which soon places a 
horse in such a situation as to render him unfit for any 
kind of service. When it is permitted to run upon a 
horse for a length ©t time, without any remedy being 
applied, the ankles and legs swell very much, and 
lameness is produced in so great a degree, that he is 
scarcely able to move. 

The scratches are produced from many diflferent 
causes, as hard riding, dirty stables, legs left wet at 
night without being rubbed, standing in his own ma- 
nure or mud, in the stall where he is confined, &c. 
(fee. Although much inflammation may appear, and 
the disease discover much inveteracy, the cure is not 

IIemedies. — Number 1. — Remove the horse to n 
clean stall : with strong soap suds wash his legs and 
ankles nicely; clean out his feet; then wash every 
part^ inflamed or sore, in strong copperas water, twice 
a day, until the cure is performed : take half a gallon 
of blood from the neck vein, and give a mash twice a 
week, of one gallon of bran, one tea spoonful of salt- 
petre, and one table spoonful of powdered brimstone. 
Great attention should be paid to the cleanliness of the 

Number 2. After the horse is placed in a clean 
stall and his legs and ankles nicely washed with warm 
soap suds, take of blue-stone, one ounce ; of alum, 
four ounces, to which add half a gallon of strong de- 
'ioctipn of red oak bark, stir them together until the 
alum and blue-stone are dissolved ; then wash the 
cracks, sores, or inflamed parts, twice a day, and dip 



«OT« OR auius. 


cure will be effected in a very short time. Light or 
u^reen food would be preferable to any other, for a 
iiorse thus diseased, until the cure is performed. 

Number 3. After washing the legs and ankles clean 
with soap suds, take of flower of sulphur or powdered 
brimstone, one table spoonful ; hog's lard, one table 
spoonful; mix them well together,, and anoint the sores 
and parts inflamed twice a day. A horse will get 
well much sooner confined in a clean stall, than by 
rimning at large. 

Number 4. Boil poke-root to a strong decoction, 
and bathe the ankles twice a day. In all cases a clean 
stable will aid you much in making a quick cure of tlic 



The bots or grubs are small worms that are found 
fn the stomach ; their colour is brown or reddish, and 
Ihey seldom exceed three quarters of an inch in length. 
At one extremity they have two small hooks, by 
which they attach themselves, and the belly appears to 
be covered with very small feet. They are most fre- 
quently found adhering to the insensible coat of the 
Mtomach, and then they do not appear to cause any 
considerable uneasiness or inconvenience. Sometime! 
however, they attach themselves to the sensible part, 
and do great injury to that important organ, producing 
irritation, emaciation, a rough coat of hair, hide bound 
iind cough. It is astonishing with what force these 
worms adhere, and how tenacious they are of life. 

It is proved beyond doubt, by experiments made, 
that this worm, like the caterpillar, undergoes several 
changes. It is originally a fly, which deposits its 
eggs in the horse's coat, causes an itching, and induces 
him to bite the part. In this way he swallows the 
eggs, which by the heat of the stomach are brought 
into life, and are sometimes so numerous as to eat 
their way entirely through the stomach and destroy 
the animal. Indeed they seldom fail to attack a horse 
with great violence, whenever his stomach is empty, 
and endanger his life. 

Numberless experiments have been made upon the 
grubs, after they have been taken frpm a horse that 
had died, to discover what medicine would soonest 
destroy their lives, that could be safely given. But all 
endeavours as yet upon that subject, have been fruit- 
less. It appears that they will live in any niedicine 
that can be given to a horse, nearly as long as they 
can live without eating. All the benefit that results 
from experience on this subject, to me, merely serves 
to break the hold and expel those dangerous worms, 
when they are so mischievously engaged. 

After describing the symptoms attending the grubs 
J shall offer some remedies which have saved the lives 
of manv horses. 

Symptoms. — A horse attacked by the grubs, (yq 
(juently lies down and looks round to his shoulders, 
groans, whips his tail between his hind legs, frequently 
turns up his upper lip, and has a very hot fever, which 
may be discovered by feeling his ears. 

Remedies. — No. 1. Take of copperas two table 
spoonfuls; water milk warm, one pint; dissolve :n« 



B()T5S <>u (;i{itus. 



copperas, and give it as a drench. If the horse is not 
relieved in fifteen minutes, repeat the dose. 


No. 2. Take of linseed or sturgeon's oil, one pint, 
and give it as a drench. If the horse is not relieved 
in fifteen minutes, repeat the dose. 

No. 3. Take of molasses, one pint; milk, one pint : 
give it as a drench, and repeat the dose. 

No. 4. Take of fresh meat of^any kind (raw) half 
a pound, cut it into four or five pieces, and force it 
down the horse's throat ; it will immediately induce 
the grubs to break their hold. 

No. 5. Take two ounces of ^Ethiop's mineral and 
give it to your horse in his feed, and in a day or two 
afterwards give him a purge ; then you may give him 
a decoction of bitter herbs, to prevent their return. 

No. 6. Give your horse (after taking molasses and 
milk) a quart or two of fish or beef brine, as a drench. 
From recent experiments, salt appears to have the 
property of killing worms : these insects placed in c 
solution of this substance die immediately. 

No. 7. Drench the horse with half an ounce of salt- 
petre dissolved in common water, and in about fifteen 
minutes drench with half an ounce of dissolved 
in like manner. Let the horse have no water for 
twenty-four hours after. 

An active purge will be absolutely necessary imme 
diately after the use of either of the above remedies 
One pint of soft soap added to a pint of molasses 
with a handful of salt, will answer very well. Re- 
pea: the dose, should it not operaU*. in four or fivo 



Tub hooks or haws in a horse, is the growmg of a 
horny substance upon the inner edge of the washer oi 
caruncle of the eye, which may be found in the innei 
corner next to the nose. When this disease makes its 
appearance, the washer or caruncle is enlarged with 
great rapidity, and the ligament that runs along the 
edge of this membrane, becomes extremely hard, or 
like a cartilage, and whenever it arises to this state, 
it draws, compresses, and causes great pain to the eyes, 
produces a tightness of the skin, a stiffness of the hind 
logs, and finally a general spasmodic affection through- 
out the whole system. 

As the eyes of a horse are often inflamed, and some- 
times diseased, without their having the hooks, for 
the purpose of ascertaining the fact, take hold of the 
bridle, and raise the horse's head as high as you can 
with convenience reach: if he is diseased with the 
hooks, the washer or caruncln ol the eye, wiule his 
Ik ad is raised up, will covei it k.-u.t one half the 
surfw a of the eye ball. When this is the case, lake a 
jommon sized needle with a strong thread, place on 
the horse's nose a twitch, to prevent his moving; then 
take in your thumb and finger the washer or caruncle 
of the eye, and pass the needle through it about a 
<iuarter of an inch from the outer edge, and inside the 
iiorny substance; draw it gently with the needle ana 
thread, until you have a fair chance of performing the 
operation; then with a sharp knife cut the piece out, 
taken up with the needle, which must not be larger 
than one fourth the size of a four pence half penny : 




wash the eyes for two or thiee mornings with salt ai.d 
water, bathe his legs up to his belly in equal parts ot 
warm vinegar, spirit and oil, or fresh butter, and give 
a mash of one and a half gallons of bran or oats, ono 
Uible spoonful floui of sulphur, one tea spoonful salt- 
petre, and the cure will be jierformed in all probability 
in four or five days. 

Great care should be taken not to cut too large a 
piece from the caruncle, as it disfigures the eyes, and 
sometimes produces blindness. 


"Before I was acquainted with this subject, two 

years ago, 1 had two fine young horses sacrificed to 

this mistaken and ruinous operation. Ignorant quacks 

do not know that the horse has a membrane peculiar 

to the animal, which is at pleasure drawn over the 

eye. The enlargement of this, by a fever, produces 

the appearance, which, in jockey slang, is called the 

hooks. Reduce the fever by depletion, such as bleed- 

ing plentifully, purging, (fee. and have the horse well 

rubbed, and the hooks will disappear; that is, the 

membrane is restored to its natural size and oflSce, 

which is to clear the eye from dust, &c. accidentally 

entering it. I need not mention the cutting out of 

this useful membrane unnecessary, as I have proved 

the uselessness of this operation, by restoring a horso 

without It a few days ago. 






The strangles is a disease to which horses are very 
subject, particularly those that are young. It consists 
in a running at the nose, and an inflammation and 
swelling of the glands, about the under jaw and throat. 
It is sometimes attended with high fevers, destroys the. 
appetite, causes a horse to Icwk sad and dejected, and 
dwindle away in an astonishing manner. Sometimes 
the mflammation extends to the muscles of the tongue, 
and is attended with so much heat and pain, that until 
matter is found, the horse swallows with the utmost 
difficulty, unless his drink is hold up to him. 

The strangles proceed from many causes, violent 
colds, sudden changes of air or climate, extreme hard 
labour after habits of idleness, shedding teeth, or what- 
ever may produce pain, or bring on a flux of humours 
at any critical time upon the throat and jaws, and like 
most other diseases, requires strict attention, for the 
cure to bo performed in a short time. 

Symptoms of the Strangks.— The approach of the 
strangles may be known by a dulness of the counte- 
nance, watery eyes, a distressing cough, running at the 
nose, glands enlarged beyond the jawc, loss of appetite, 
iind a constant thirst, without oc-ir.g able to drink, 
unless the water is placed as a's his head, in its 
natural position. 

Remedy.— Bleed four times within a week, taking 
horn the neck vein half a gallon of blood at each bleed- 
»'g; give a mash twice a week, of one gallon of bran 
or oats, scalded with one quart of sassafras tea, with 
Uie addition of one table spoonful of powdered brii» 





;' tl 

h I i 

stone, and one tea spoonful of saltpetre. Take of 
asafoetida half an ounce, divide it, placing one half in 
his mangel, the other in his watering bucket. Fee/l 
principally with green food, if to be had, if not, such as 
is iight, cooling, and easily digested. 



Fortunately the stone is a disease not very com- 
nion amongst horses ; but whenever it makes its appear- 
ance, unless some remedy is immediately employed, 
•ts consequences are to be much dreaded. It consists 
in small gravel or stones being lodged in the bladder, 
which prevents a free discharge of urine, and produces 
the most excruciating pain. The horse will linger 
and pine away, until he can scarcely support the burden 

of life. 

As the stone is a disease which has but seldom, if 
ever, struck the attention of farriers, I consider niyself 
fortunate in being able to offer to the public a simple 
remedy, which has been employed with astonishing 
success by a gentleman in a neighbouring county. In 
one case, when the following remedy was used, three 
atones and a quantity of grit was discharged from the 


Symptoms.— Frequent stretching, groaning, and 

many fruitless attempts to pass water, which will finally 

be discharged by a few drops at a time, with great 

apparent pain, a shrinking of the flesh, although the 

appetite is good, no fever, but a dull, sluggish, and 

sleepy anocarance, wanting much in his usual spirits 

Remedy. — Take of marsh-mallows, water melon 
seed, and asparagus, of each two large handfuls, boil 
them in three quarts of water to one quart, and add 
one tea spoonful of saltpetre, and give the whole as a 
drench, after being nicely strained. 

Take of sweet oil or fresh butter one table spoonful, 
grease his sheath, and draw out gently and grease 
his penis, also grease the large seam from the penis up 
near the anus ; and with the hand, bearing a little, 
stroke the seam downwards to the end of the penis, 
for ten minutes every hour, until the horse has a 
urinary discharge ; which, in all probability, will take 
place in one or two hours after taking the drench 
Should some blood be passed, it may be no cause of 
alarm, and will clearly prove there is gravel in the 
urinary passages. Repeat the drench in three hours, 
should the desired effect not be produced. 



The yellow water is very common in the western 
country among horses ; and being infectious, is some- 
times brought into this state by drove horses. It is 
extremely fatal in its consequences, unless some remedy 
is employed shortly after it makes its appearance. 
For the benefit of the public, I consider myself fortunate 
to be able to recommend such medicines for its curi> 
as have been fairly tried, by a gentleman of Brunswick, 
and Droved effectual. 




SympUms of Yellow Water.— The characterL^tics 
of this dfsease, are a dusky yellowness of the eyes, 
lips, and bars of the mouth; a dull, sluggish, appear- 
ance ; a loss of appetite ; the excrement hard, dry, 
yellow, and sometimes of a pale or light green ; thu 
urine uncommonly dark, of a dirty brown colour, and 
when discharged a length of time, has the appearance 
of blood. 

Beme^fy.— Take of asafoetida one ounce; campho- 
rated spirits, four table spoonfuls ; warm water one 
pint; mix and give them as a drench, for three or four 
mornings successively. Take of bran one and a hall 
gallons, flour of sulphur one table spoonful, antimony 
twenty grains, saltpetre twenty grains; mix them well 
together, and, with a strong decoction of sassafras, 
scald the bran, forming a mash, which must be given 
three nights in a week, not permitting the horse to 
get wet, or drink water, except it is milk warm. His 
stable should be a comfortable one, and he should have 
a clean bed of straw placed under him. Bleed twice 
in the neck vein, taking half a gallon of blood at each 
bleeding, within the week; let his exercise be regular 
and moderate, and by the expiration of nine or ten days, 
Jie cure, in all probability, will be performed. 






As most diseases that are infectious endanger ih 
li^c of a horse, 1 consider it important to every ownei 
ot those useful animals, to be able to use a medicine 
that will act against or prevent those diseases that are 

contagious. 1 have been in the habit of owning from 
one to eight horses at a time, for fifteen years, and in 
all that time never lost a horse. I cannot help believ- 
ing my success, in this respect, has been much in- 
debted to the constant use of the asafoetida, which I 
consider one of the most valuable and innocent medi- 
cines ever used amongst horses. It not only drives ofl 
diseases of almost every kind, but it keeps up the 
appetite, produces a remarkable fineness in the coat ol 
hair, and gives such life and spirits as to induce even 
an old horse to attempt the attitudes and movements 
of the gay and mettled racer. 

The value of the asafoetida is at present but little 
known for the use of horses; but whenever it shall have 
been used or brought into notice, its remarkable eflTects, 
no doubt, will prove what I now say. Its virtues are 
acknowledged and remembered with pleasure, by all 
those who have used it in their stables. 

The asafoetida is produced from a plant called 
perennial, and is a native of Persia: it has, however, 
borne fertile seeds, in the open air, in the botanical 
garden of Edinburgh. The gum resin is produced 
from the roots of plants which are at least four years 
old. When the leaves begin to decay, the stalk i « 
twisted off and the earth removed from about thei/ 
large tapering loots. The top of the root is some time 
afterwards cut off transversely, and forty-eight hours 
afterwards the juice which has exuded, is scraped oil; 
and a second transverse incision is made : this opera- 
lion is repeated until the root is entirely exhausted o 
juice: after being scraped off, the juice is exposed to the 
sun to harden. It is brought to us in large irregulai 
masses, composed of various little shining 'umps oi 
grains, which are partly of a whitisii colour, partly it-U- 






Hi«l.. an-1 partly of n violet hue; those masses « 
accounted best which are clear, or a pale co- 
lour, and variegated with a number of elegant white 
tears. This drug has a strong fetid smell, somewhat 
like that of the garlic, and a bitter acid, biting taste. The 
smell resides entirely in the essential oil, which arises in 
distillation. It is tne most powerful of all the ietid 
gums, and is a most valuable medicine. It acts as a 
stimulant, anti-spasmodic, expectorant, emmenagogue, 
and anthelmintic, and its action is quick and pene- 

*'^^When a small piece of the asafoetida has been placed 
in the manger of a horse in health, I have known hiin 
to stand for months in a stall next to one vio ently 
diseased without taking the infection, or any ill con 
sequence resulting from their contiguous situation. 

Preventive.— Take of asafoetida, one ounce, divide 
it and wrap each piece in a clean linen rag; nail one in 
the bottom of the manger the horse is fed in, the othei 
in the bottom of the bucket in which he is watered. 
The above quantity will last about three months ; at 
the expiration of which time it must be replenished. 

A small piece confined to the bridle bit, will have 
the same effect when a horse goes from home, or enters 
on a journey. 


Thk gravel in the hoof is an incident that happens 
X.O horses in travelling, and is brought on by small 
^ones or grit getting between the hoof and shoe, set- 
tling to the quick, and then inflame and fester ; it pro- 

duces lameness and causes a horse to undergo v*rv 
excruciating pain. The first step necessary for a 
horse's relief is, to have his shoes taken off and get 
the stone out You may readily ascertain wliere they 
lie, by pressing the edge of the hoof with a pair of 
pincers. After all the gravel is removed, which may 
be known by a discontinuation of the blackness of tha 
place, the wound caused by cutting for the gravel may 
be easily healed by melting together equal parts of 
bees-wax, rosin, fresh butter or sweet oil, and pouring 
the mixture on the wound, warm as the animal can 
bear it, without giving pain. Then warm a little tar 
or pitch, and pour a small quantity over the wound 
and its neighbouring parts, to keep out the dust and 
defend the foot from any hard substance for a few 
days, by which time it will get well. 

"m 8^#««'» 


A WOUND is generally defined a separation of the 
parts in any member of the animal body by some 
instrument. In all fresh wounds made by cutting 
instruments, there is nothing more required than bring- 
ing the lips of the wound into contact, by sewing a 
bandage, provided the part will allow of it. For 
wounds of the hips, or other prominent parts, and 
across some of the large muscles, the stitches are apt 
to burst by the horse's lying down and getting up in 
fhe stall. In such cases the lips of the wound snould 
uot be brought close together — one stitch is enou|rh 






for a wourxl two inches long, but in large wounds 
they should be an inch or more apart. 

Should the wound bleed much from an artery's 
being divided, it will be necessary to secure it by pas- 
sing a crooked needle underneath, and tying it with a 
waxed thread ; but if the artery cannot be got at in 
this way, apply a small quantity of flour and salt to 
the mouth of the bleeding vessel, which will very soon 
have the desired effect. Care should be taken to keep 
it there, by proper compress or bandage, until a scar, 
scab, or crust is formed, otherwise it will elude your 
expectations, and frequently alarm you with fresh 
bleedings. After the lips of the wound are brought 
together, by this needle or bandage, it needs only to 
be covered with rags, dipped in spirits of any kind, or 
spirits of turpentine, and a little lint placed lightly 
within the edges of the wound, taking great care to 
keep it entirely clean, with strong soap suds, and as 
free from motion as possible. Whenever a wound be- 
comes much swelled or inflamed, or discovers marks 
of mortification, frequent bleedings and the applica- 
tion of a red oak poultice or mush, will have a won 
ilerful effect. Should the wound be disposed to heal 
very rapidly, and turn out what is termed proud 
flesh, by washing it with a little blue-stone water, it 
will, in a very short time, shut in, and the wound 
entirely heal. 

The cure of most wounds is effected by the simplest 
methods, and it is often of much more coiisequence 
to know how to dress a wound, than what to dress it 
witn, and in this consists the chief art of this branch 
of surgery ; for the most eminent in that profession 
have long discovered that a variety of ointments, 
waives, and grease, are unnecessary in the cures of 
most wounds and sores, and they have accordingly 

discarded the greatest part formerly m repute for that 
purpose ; repeated observations having taught them, 
that after digestion, or after healthy matter is formed, 
nature is disposed to heal up the wound fast enough 
herself. Some respect should be paid to the diet oi 
a horse, as bran, oats, and green food keep the 
bowels open, and are free from that heat which the 
use of corn and fodder will produce in the system. I 
will here offer a few more simples that have proved 
beneficial in the cure of wounds, sores, <kc. 

The first operation necessary in all sores, wounds, 
&c. about a horse is, to remove all dirt, matter or 
extraneous bodies, with strong soap suds, after which, 

No. 1. Take of spirits, half a pint ; alum, one 
ounce ; honey, one gill ; mix them well together, and 
wash the wound night and morning. 

No. 2. Take of copperas, two ounces ; clean water, 
one quart ; wash the wound or sore twice a day. 

No. 3. Take of sugar of lead, a quarter of an ounce ; 
fair water, one quart ; use it twice a day. 

No. 4. Take spirits of turpentine and wet the wound 
once a day. 

No. 5. Take of blue-stone, a quarter of an ounce ; 
fair water, one quart ; wash the wound every morning. 

Punctured wounds, from thorns or other accidents, 
are generally of the most painful kind, and require 
great attention ; a bread and milk poultice, or a mush 
made by boiling red oak bark to a strong decoction, 
beating the bark very fine and throwing in as much 
corn meal as will make it of proper consistency 
should be applied until healthy matter appears, to 
gether with fomentations : after which, to effect n 
speedy cure, use any of the above remedies recom- 



i ; 

1 1 

Wc»unds in the feet, from shoeing, nails, thorns, or 
other accidents, are generally attended with much 
Croable, and are often productive of very fatal cons<.^ 
quences when neglected. Such wounds should iiave 
old dirt, grit, &c. carefully removed with warm greasy 
water ; after which, take of bees-wax, tar, and sweet 
oil, equal parts ; stew them well together, and fill the 
wound, hot as the horse can bear it without expe- 
riencing pain ; then pour on a little warm pitch, to 
prevent grit and dirt getting to the wound, and to pro- 
tect the foot, while sore and tender, from the hard 



Bruises proceed from external injury, and when 
no remedy is employed, are sometimes attended with 
violent inflammation, and after bursting and discharg 
ing large quantities of matter, of a dark red colour 
and extremely offensive smell, often terminate in a 
mortification, which soon puts a period to the life oi 
the animal. 

Take of vinegar, one quart; laudanum, half an ounce ; 
sugar of lead, quarter of an ounce ; mix them well 
together, and apply it to the bruise three or four time:> 
a day ; if the part bruised will admit of it, apply a 
flannel doubled and wet with the mixture, which will 
be the means of keeping the bruise continually moist 
if by tins method the swelling does not subside, appiv 



a poultice made of a strong decoction of red oak bark 
and meal, once a day, until the swelling abates ; but 
in bruises that cannot, by these means, be dispersed, 
and by pressing with the finger you discover that mat- 
tor is formed, then the shortest way is, to open the skin 
and allow the bruise to discharge its contents : after 
which it will heai in a very short time, by keepmg 
it entirely clean with soap suds alone. But after dis- 
charging the matter, if the wound should appear rotten 
and of dark colour, indicating mortificatioi:, togethe 
with any very considerable inflammation, bleed plen- 
tifully ; feed on bran, oats, long green food, or light 
food of any kind, and again apply the red oak poul- 
tice, which will very soon cure the inflammation, 
cleanse and alter the appearance of the wound. After 
which, any of the simples recommended for wounds, 
may be employed in speedily healing. 



Strains, in whatever part of the horse, either pio- 
duced from running, slips, blows, or hard riding, are 
the relaxing, over-stretching or breaking the muscles 
or tendinous fibres. A strain, unless uncommonly 
bad, may be cured in a short time, by applying the 
following remedies : 

Number 1. Take of sharp vinegar, one pint; spirit, 
o< any kind, half a pint; camphor, one ounce: mix 
them well together and bathe the part injured twic« a 




day; a piece of flannel wet with the mixture and wrap 
ped around the part, will be very beneficial ; take from 
the neck vein half a gallon of blood. 

No. 2. Take of opodeldoc (which can be procured 
from any apothecary's shop) a piece the size of a mar- 
ble, and rub it on the strained part with the naked 
hand until the hand becomes dry, twice a day : should 
the injured part resist both these remedies, you may 
conclude the injury is a very serious one, which 
nothing but time can relieve, and the horse must be 
turned out upon grass a sufficient length of time for 
nature herself to perform the great operation. 




The staggers is a very common as well as a very 
fatal disease among horses of all ages: though young 
horses are more subject to it than those advanced in 


Many various opinions have been offered to the 
public, and some with much confidence, relative to the 
origin and seat of this disease. But few, if any, as 
vet, have investigated the subject with correctness. 

The staggers, in my opinion, are produced by per- 
mitting a horse to feed on grass in the spring and fall, 
late at night and early in the morning; for early in 
the morning and late in the evening, the fields and 
pastures are covered with a poisonous web, which is 
<pun and spread upon the grass by a small spider. So 
rapidly, so indusiriouslv ^^^ this little insect work, 

thai in the space of one night, not a blade or spire o( 
grass^has been left untouched. This web. catching the 
dew-drops on its bosom, causes the fields in the morn 
mg to glisten and sparkle as if covered with a thin 
sheet of ice. A horse that feeds upon a pasture in 
.Ins situation must, of course, collect large quantities 
of this web and dew, and very often the spider itself. 
They act upon the horse, producing delirium, giddi- 
ness, apoplexy, and sometimes death. The luncrs 
appear to be the principal seat of this disease ; for in 
cases of dissection they have been found much en- 
larged, and covered with large brown spots ; smell 
ISLthT ^""^ ''^^^ '"'"^ appearance of moi 

The large quantity of poison tJcen into the stomach " 
acts upon Us nerves, and the sympathy that exists be. 
tween that organ and the large nerves of the head, 
ccounts for the dull giddy, and dejected countenance 
of the ammal, and has induced many to believe the 
staggers was confined to that part alone. The poison 
IS then removed from the stomach by the activity of 
the lymphatic and absorbent vessels, thrown into' the 
circulation of the blood, diffused over every part of the 
system and finally carried by the arteries into the 
ungs, through which all the blood in the body of a 
I'orse passes many times m an hour, and undergoes a 
J^'iange. Sometimes a determination of blood to the 
Head takes place, which generally ends fatally, pro- 
ducing a furious delirium, the horse throwing himself 
ahout with great violence, making it dangerous lor any 
person to venture near him. 

Symptoms.— The symptoms of the staggers are a 
drowsiness, eyes inflamed, half shut, and full of tears 
tl«e appetite bad, the disposition to sleep gradually 
increased, feebleness, a continual hanging of the head 






I 1 



or resting it on the manger, rearing, falling, and lying 
in a state of insensibility, walking.a small circle for a 
considerable length of time, the ears hot, with a burn- 
ing fever, &c. &c. &lc. 

Remedy.— Tnke from the neck vein half a gulloa 
of blood, three times in a wcoK ; take of sassafras tea, 
three half pints ; plantain juice, half a pint ; asafoiti- 
da, half an ounce ; saltpetre, one tea spoonful ; mix 
and give them as a drench three mornings in a week ; 
give an injection composed of one pint of ineal, two 
(juarts of water, one quart of molasses and one spoon- 
ful of hog's lard ; let the horse be moderately exer- 
cised, and whenever he is standing should be well 
rubbed ; give a mash iwice a week, composed of one 
.rallon of bran, one table spoonful of sulphur, one lea 
spoonful of saltpetre, one quart of boiling sassafras 
lea, and a eighth of an ounce of asafcctida, not per- 
miting the horse to drink cold water for six hours 
afterwards. Should he be much mended by this treat- 
ment, nothing more will be necessary, except feeding 
him on bran, or light food of any kind ; but should lie 
appear to receive no benefit from these attentions, in 
four or five days, take of calomel, twenty-five grains ; 
of opium, two drachms; camphor, two drachms; 
powdered fennel-seed, one drachm ; of syrup, of any 
kind, a sufficient quantity to make the ingredients into 
a ball, which «iay be given every morning for four or 
five days, by which time the horse will get well il 
his disease will admit of a cure. 

Horses that are confined in a stable never have the 
•taggers; consequently it would be advisable fo« 
H.very person, whose situation will admit of it, to con 
fine their horses, particularly at night, during the 
spring and fall months 


The mange in horses is a disease of the skin, which 
u generally rough, thick, and full of wrinkles, espe- 
Ci illy about the mane, tail, and thighs, and the little 
hair that remains on these parts stands up very n.uch 
ike bristles. 

The ears and eye-brows are sometimes attacked, 
and in a short time are left quite naked. The mange 
/san infectious disease: indeed so much so, that if a 
horse is carried into a stable where one that is mangy 
has been in the habit of standing, he will be almosr 
certain to take the infection, unless the litter has been 
removed and the stable properly cleansed and aired 
Proper attention will make the cure easy. 

/^ewierfy.— Take of powdered brimstone and hogs 
/ard an equal quantity, mix them well together and 
anoint the part affected twice a day, bleed plentifully 
and give two or three mashes (composed of bran, sul- 
f)lior, saltpetre, and sassafras) within a week, by which 
time a cure will be performed. 

A clean stable and nice bed of straw will aid much 
in accomplishing the object in view. 



A HORSE is said to be hide bound when his sktii 
^^'ill not slip under the pressure of the hand, but siickf 
a« last to the ribs as if it was glued. 




i 1] 



Hoises are sometimes hide boun(l in consequence ol 
feeling the effects of some violent disease, and it is 
often a bad symptom ; but generally, this tightness of 
the skin proceeds from poverty, cruel usage, and 
sometimes from worms. 

The first thing necessary for performing a cure is, 
to offer bettei treatment to the animal, giving him 
plenty of light food, such as bran, oats, &c. and a clean 
stable with fresh litter. Then take from the neck 
vein half a gallon of blood; at night give a mash com- 
posed of one gallon of bran, scalded with sassafras tea; 
one table spoonful flour of sulphur or powdered brim- 
stone, and one tea spoonful of saltpetre ; not permittmg 
him to drink for six hours afterwards. 

On the second "day, at twelve o'clock, take of cop- 
peras, two table spoonfuls ; of warm sassafras tea, one 
quart ; saltpetre, one tea spoonful , mix and give them 
as a drench. Have the horse well rubbed, and m a 
few days he will be entirely relieved. 



Tub surfeit is a common disease among horses tha. 
have been cruelly or injudiciously treated. Sudden 
chan'res from heat to cold, plunging deep into cold 
water and drinking plentifully after being excessively 
h!ird rode, unsound food, being turned from a warm 
and comfortable stable out into the cold air. night 
dews, &c. <Sic often produce surfeit. 



Srjmptoms.— The surfeit first makes its appearance 
With many fine and small lumps under the skin, a 
partial falling off of the hair, and a constant itching : 
at length a great number of scabs are formed, and 
some small ulcers, and unless some remedy is em- 
ployed, tlie whole coat of hair falls off and the nors.- 
becomes covered with scabs: the hair in the mano 
ond tail will be nearly rubbed off, and the little remain- 
ing will stand erect. 

Remedy.— Take from the neck vein on the first and 
fourth days of the week, half a gallon of blood ; give 
a mash of one gallon of bran, one table spoonful of 
sulphur, one tea spoonful of saltpetre, and a quart of 
hot sassafras tea, well mixed together, three times 
within a week, not permitting him to drink for six 
hours whenever a mash is taken. 

Give three drenches within the week, composed of 
one quart of sassafras tea, and one tea spoonful of salt- 
petre, each. Change the horse's litter frequently, 
keep his stable clean, and do not permit Mn 

to gel 

Take of hog's lard and sulphur, equal parts, mix 
them and anoint the horse where the surfeit appears 
worse, once a day ; and by the expiration of a week, 
if the horse is not entirely well, he will be much bene-' 
filed, and nothing more will be necessary, except giv- 
ing him food that is light and easily digested, an<i 
observe towards him kind treatment. 








Take four ounces sugar of lead, four do. bole am- 
moniac, eight do. alum, burned. 

The whole to be put in three quarts of good vinegar, 
nnd the horse's mouth washed or swabbed two or 
three times a day, keeping the bit out of the mouth. 
The above is enough for six horses. 




I HAVE noticed several essays in your valuable paper, 
ihe " American Farmer," on the subject of " big head 
in AtorsdM and as I have never seen any description 
of this disease, or any cure recommended, I will 
endeavour to communicate what my limited experience 
on that subject has taught me :' 

About twelve years ago the disease made its aj)- 
pearance in this neighbourhood, and befc re a remedy 
was found out, many losses were sustained, by the 
death of the horses which were diseased. One of my 
neighbours lost horses to the value of six or seven 
thousand dollars, among them some of the best blood- 
ed mares and colts. I lost one only, and the first and 
only one, a brood mare, which had it about that time. 
Various applications were made to cure it, such as 
driving in spirits of turpentine by rubbing the parts 
aiTocted, and holding a red hot iron near the place • 

Bid HEAD. 


biirnmg, bruising, and cutting, were also resorted to 
but m every case that I saw or heard of, the dismse 
(3rmmated in the death of the animal. At lengil, 
white arsenic was recommended, but by whom it was 
hist discovered, I am ignorant. I had occasion, about 
four years ago, to try it on a fine Archy mare, then in 
loal by Archy ; she was affected on both sides of the 
face, and I succeeded in curing her : she produced a 
horse colt, whilst she was under the operation of the 
arsenic. At about two years old the colt was affected 
on one side of the face. I had recourse to the arsenic 
and completely eradicated the disorder, leaving only a 
slight scar, though the mucus membrane of the nostril 
was so much injured as to cause a difficultv of breath- 
ing through it. The mare was still more affected, as 
both nostrils were nearly closed, and her head con- 
tinued to be much larger than before she was taken 
with the disease, though generally in good order, and 
occasionally worked. She has, however, produced 
three fine colts since, none of which has as^^t been 
affected with the big head. I designed to hailrained 
her hrst colt, but in consequence of the affbction of his 
nostril, I declined the idea. He is now four years old. 
enjoyiiig fine health, and possessing great vigour as 
a stallion. I am thus particular in detailing the cha- 
racter of the animals who have been cured, that it 
may be seen how little horses are affected by the dis- 
ease after it has been cured. I have known the arsenic 
exhibited m at least twenty cases, in all of which it 
effected a cure, and I think I can say, that it ,s an 
...fallible remedy. I will now endeavour to descr.Oe 
the disease, and the recipe. 

Symptoms-. Loss of appetite, a drooping of th. 
head and a disinclination to move about— a slitfhi 






weeping from the eye on the side affected— in a short 
time a local swelling appears on the side of the face in 
a direct line between the eye and nostril, which on 
being pressed hard with the finger causes the animal 
to wince, and by rubbing it gently with the hand, 
appears to givre ease to him — an enlargement of the 
jaw bone, and a considerable decline in flesh. I have 
not discovered that the disease is attended with fever ; 
if it is suffered to run long, it causes an affection of the 
joints — they become puffed, as if inflated with wind, 
and in a short time those swellings become filled with 
pus, and ultimately break, and a discharge of purulent 
matter issues from the joints, and the animal falls, to 
risfe no more without help. It is supposed to be infec- 
tious only in this last state of the disease. 

Cure.'-As soon as the swelling on the side of the 
face appears, take a piece of white arsenic about the 
size of a common field pea, (or about six or eight grains 
pulverized and wrapped in fine paper, of a size only 
suffici^pto contain it,) make an incision in the skin, 
immediately over the hard tumour, insert the arsenic 
(or the paper containing it,) and with a needle and 
thread make one suture or stitch, tie the ends of the 
thread in a hard knot, bleed the horse, and turn him 
out alone in a good pasture, or if it is cold weather, 
put him in a stable, removed from other horses, and 
feed him on light food— in a few days the effects of 
the arsenic will be discoverable by a considerable 
swelling of the head, nose, and face, which will increase 
until the power of the arsenic is exhausted — if both 
iides of the face are operated on at the same time, 
ihe head will swell to an enormous size — in about a 
month, or six weeks, the arsenic will have developed 
M9 efficacy by the appearance of a circular piec« of 

liUi lIEAiJ. 

skin, and the porous bone of the face which ej 
as far as the seat of the disease, or the influence wiiie 
arsenic on the affected part; this circular dftvdop- 
nicnt extends as far as the affected part only, and is 
quite callous and nearly detached from the sound skin, 
leaving the wholesome flesh in its natural state. In a 
month or six weeks longer, this circular part becomes 
entirely detached on its periphery from the sound 
skin, and adheres to the side of the face by a few 
slight integuments about its centre, which soon decays, 
(or it may be cut off,) and the diseased parts drop out 
in a mass, leaving a hideous wound ; then may be 
seen the porous bone of the face, resembling honey- 
comb, which soon becomes covered with sound flesh 
and skin : the wound may be soon healed by using 
common applications, though I have madeuseof whal 
we farmers in the country call pot liquor, as a wash, 
and anointing the place with an ointment made by 
bruising the leaves of the common poke-weed, (phi/^ 
tolacca decandra) and extracting the juice hgUessure, 
and stewing it in hog's lard, or of the WPestown 
weed, or thorn apple, {datura stramonium,) prepared 
in the same way. These applications may be made 
use of with advantage as soon as it is discovered that 
the parts begin to separate. If the weather be warm 
it may be necessary to anoint the parts with a mixture 
of common tar and hog's lard, or the juice of elder 
stewed in hog's lard, in order to keep away the blow 
fly, which will be attracted to the parts by the oflen- 
siveness of the scent emitted. It* cannot be expected 
that a horse which has thus been operated upon, wih 
regain the beauty of his head, particularly if he be an 
old horse, or has been affected on both side^of the 
•'ace, or the disease has been suflered to run too \o\\n 




applying the remedy : this is evidenced by the 

ance of my mare. 1 suflered the disease to run 

-„..^^g, because I was fearful that the arsenic might 

'injure the foal, but was induced to risk it rather than 

*- lose the mare : the stallion on the contrary, exhibits 

^the effects of it in but a slight degree. It may be 

^ proper to remark, that a less quantity of arsenic will 

answer for a colt than for an old horse; and that it 

ought to be inserted as high up on the face as the seat 

• ' -of the disease will admit of ; perhaps on the upper 

edcre of the swelled part will answer the same end. 

fH^ Another remedy has been communicated to me, 

which is much more simple ; and if it be a remedy, 
.. certainly possesses great advantages over the one on 
* which I have been treating. I have never known 
it tried, but I am induced to believe that it is a remedy, 
both from its analogy to the arsenic, and from the 
authority from which I derived my information. It is 
this : ^^d of the arsenic, take half a pint of strong 
ashes, pPory 1 suppose,) put them into a tin cup, (of 
about a pint measure,) smaller at the mouth than at 
the bottom, say about one and a half inches at the 
mouth in diameter ; fill the cup or pot with water, and 
let it boil for half an hour, or until the water has been 
evaporated, or absorbed by the ashes, cord the horse's 
nose in the usual way, or otherwise confine him, in 
order that he may be still, and apply the mouth of the 
cup to the part affected, with the ashes quite hot and 
nearly dry, having previously covered it with a thin 
cloth to prevent the ashes from coming in contact with 
the skin of the horse, and hold it in that position until 
the heat has subsided, when it may be removed : in a 
day 01 two the parts will exhibit a gluey exudation, 
•vhich will disappear in the course of a week, Ip.aving 



an inconsiderable sore like a burn, which may be soon 
cuied by treating it as such. It may be necessaiy in 
some cases to make the second application. The 
nurse may be used as usual at the time, and when 
tjie wound heals up, scarcely any scar will remain. 

Or^ Take blood from the neck vein and bathe the 
swelled parts with spirits of turpentine once or twice 
a week, rubbing it in with a hard brush until you dis- 
cover the swelling is stopped: the lumps always 
remain, but as they cease to grow the horse gets 

Or, Give stramonium (Jamestown or Jimeson weed) 
in doses of one drachm, mixed with his feed for several 
days, then turning him out for two or three months. 



The fistula in the withers, generally proceeds from 
some blow or bruise, and is the most disagreeable 
disease t< which a horse is subject. 1 would recom- 
mend it to every person, whose situation will admit 
of the sacrifice, to dispose of a horse thus unfortunately 
atiected, for whatever sum he would bring, or even 
give him away, sooner than be at the expense and 
trouble, and run the risk of performing a cure which, 
if completed, would be tedious, and the horse be much 
lessened in value in consequence of being disfigured by 
the scar which unavoidably will be left. The remedy 
here recommended is severe, but it will have the 
desired effect more speedily than any other. 




I ' 



So soon as the fistula assumes a formidable appear- 
aiice, fomentations of bitter herbs should be employed, 
such as wormwood, camomile, bay leaves, mullen, 
life-everlasting, &c. boiled in water to a strong decoc- 
tion, and after being strained, should be applied hot aa 
the horse can bear it without giving pain, by means 
of large woollen cloths. This application promotes 
suppuration, and when matter is formed let the tumour 
be opened, so that its contents may be completely 
evacuated; after which let the sore be nicely washed 
with strong soap suds, and apply the following oint- 
ment once a day:— Take of verdigris, half an ounce- 
copperas, half an ounce ; oil turpentine, one ounce ; 
ointment of yellow rosin, four ounces; to be well mixed 
together. As soon as healthy matter is discharged 
from the fistula the ointment may be discontinued, 
and nothing more will be necessary, except keeping 
it perfectly clean with strong soap suds. 

When the fistula first makes its appearance, it may 
be ren^^or prevented by placing a rowel or sevon ip 
each S|H^r, just below the swelled or inflamed part 
which should be kept running two or throe weeks. 


The poll-evil, like the fistula, proceeds from some 
blow, bruise, or external injury, and its consequenccj* 
are much to be areaded. A horse thus diseased would 
be well sold almost at any price, though the cure is 
tolerably certain, yet extremely slow. The poll-evil 




IS an abscess or swelling found in the sinews, between 
the noli bone and the uppermost vertebra of the nock, 
immediately on the poll <tr nap of the neck. When 
this swelling first makes it appearance, bathe it fre- 
quently with hot vinegar ; and if the hair be fretted 
off, with an oozing through the skin, make use of equal 
parts of vinegar and spirits of wine ; but if there be 
an itching, with heat and inflammation, the safest way 
will be to bleed plentifully, and apply a red oak poul- 
tice, which will sometimes disperse the swelling and 
put an end to the disease. But whenever the tumour 
is critical, having all the signs of matter, and appears 
not benefited by the applications already recommend- 
ed, it will be advisable to bring it to a head as speedily 
as possible, with the following poultice : Corn meal, 
marsh mallows, oil turpentine, and hog's lard. When 
the tumour becomes ripe or full of matter, it may be 
either opened or permitted to break of itself; if opened 
with a knife, great care shouW be used to prevent 
wounding the tendinous ligumerit that runs |flfer the 
neck under the mane. When the matter apPRs to 
be on both sides, the tumours must be opened on both 
sides, and the ligament between remain tindivided ; ii 
the matter flows in great quantities, resembling melted 
glue, and is of an oily consistence, it will require a 
second incision, especially if any cavities are dis- 
covered bj« the fingers or probe; these should be 
opened by the knife, and the wound should be dressed 
with spirits of turpentine, honey, and tincture of myrrh, 
until light and thick coloured matter is found. Cleanse 
the sore well with strong soap suds and a sponge; 
ihen take of verdigris, half an ounce; oil of tm- 
pentine, four ounces; of blue-stone, two ounces; of 
green copperas, half an ounce ; mix them well to- 
geiher, and hold them over a fire until thev are as Hot 




\ I 




I IS) 

as the horse can bear them : then pour them into tho 
nbscess and close the lips by one or .two st.tches ; h s 
,s 10 remain for several dayS without any other dres^ 
sing, except bathing with sp.nts of wine. Should 
.nauer flow in great abundance and of thin consisten. 
,:y, the above application must be aga.n repeated untr 
the matter decreases in quantity, and becomes of a 
whitish colour and healthy appearance. 



Tub lock-jaw is sc fatal in its consequences, that u 
,s a f<^ate circumstance it occurs solfeldom amongst 

'^'iSnences with a difficulty in mastication, and 
shortly after the jaws are so completely and .mmovc- 
abW dosed, that it is with much difficulty that med.- can be administered. The muscles of the neck 
ap^ar much contracted, and the animal appears to 

^theC4::'is frequently brought on*by triflmg 
causes, such as cuts, wounding of nerves, tendons &c- 
iner;ilv speaking, the cure is very -certam ; but t 
will chiefly depend on opium, the warm bath, and 
:; r antispas-dics. Sometimes the sudden app^.- 

cation of cold water, in great ^-^^'^^'^^^ ^^ 
• oK ^ . fnrtion of turpentine Oil or spirits, gene 
serviceable ; *^^^f ^'^ ^' ' J^^ ^^^^^er made with two 
rally proves useful, as does a civbiei 

ounces of spirits of hartshorn, four ounces of oil of 
turpentine, and the yelks of three or four eggs, mixed 
with a quart of strong ale and gin or whiskey. It is a 
great object to promote urine, sweat, &c. Opium, 
camphor, and copious bleedings, have been found, in 
5ome cases, very beneficial ; and when ihey have 
failed, hartshorn, ether, opium, and brandy, havev 
been employed with some success; though the lock- 
jaw is often a symptom of approaching dissolution 
and frequently defies the power of any kind of medi- 
cine that can be employed. 



Horses lose their appetites from various causes, 
viz: — Excessive fatigue, want of a changgtt&p food, 
dirty fodder, mouldy corn, or a dirty mange^^c. (fee. 
but most frequently by the approach of some disease. 
So soon as you discover a horse has lost his appetite, 
observe the following treatment, viz : — 

Take from the neck vein half a gallon of blood ; 
take of asafoetida, a quarter of an ounce ; salt, one 
table spoonful ; sassafras tea, one quart ; mix and 
give them as a drench. 

On the second day, take of glauber salts, one pound ; 
warm water, one quart ; after dissolving the salts give 
it as a drench, and in two or three days the appetite 
will be restored, unless the animal is labouring undei 
some disease, which may be ascertained by the symp- 



i I 




Nothing is more common than colds among horses, 
of all ages. They are frequently produced by a want 
of good rubbing after violent exercise, which strikes 
a chilliness and dampness over the whole body ; being 
changed from a warm and comfortable stable to ono 
cold and open; standing out late in dew at night 
plunging deep in cold water while heated in a profuse 
perspiration ; all of which have a tendency to check 
the perspirable matter and contract the pores of the 

Coldf sometimes produce a slight running at the 
nose t the remedy is simple and almost certain — bleed 



Saddle Galls are generally occasioned by an un- 
equal pressure of the saddle, or by a saddle being badly 
fitted to a horse's back, and if neglected they grow 
into very ugly and troublesome sores. When these 
inflamed tumours are first discovered, cold water alone 
is frequently sufl^cient to disperse and drive then: 
away, if applied as soon as the saddle is pulled off 
but when that will not have the desired effect, by 
washing them twice a day in the mixture I shall here 
recommend, the cure will be readily performed. — 
Take of sharp vinegar, one gill; spirits, of any kind, 
one gill ; sweet oil or fresh butter, one table spoonful; 
lo i)c well mixed before used. 




SiTPASTS proceed from the part being frequently 
urui?ed with a saddle, until it becomes extremely hard, 
and after remaining some length of time it is not 
unlike a horny substance. The cure cannot be per- 
formed unless the knife is used for the purpose of 
cutting it entirely out. After which the fresh wound 
can be healed with the greatest ease, in a very short 
time, by using either of the following mixtures : 

No. L Take of brandy, half a pint ; honey, half a 
pint ; alum, two ounces. 

No. 2. Take of blue-stone, a quarter of an ounce ; 
spirits of turpentine, two table spoonfuls ; spring water, 
one pint. 

No. 3. Take sugar of lead half an ounce ; alum, 
one ounce ; copperas, half an ounce ; let them be well 
mixed, and the sitfast washed twice a day, after me 
wound is washed clean with soap and watej^ 


A DiARRHCEA amongst horses seldom occurs and is 
ea8»y of cure. It may be produced by a suppression 
of perspiration or by an increased secretion of bile. 

The following ball (No. I.) generally gives relief, 
but should it not have the desired effect, No. 2 may bo 

No L Take of sue. aloes, six arachms ; Castile 
soap, four drachms; and syrup enough ♦© form 'jkj 

14* i 






1 'i 
■ -1 



No 2. T;ikc of opium, one drachrn , antimony, 
three drachms ; powdered ginger, two drachms; and 
svrup enough, of any kind, to form a ball. 

It will benefit a horse very m uch by keeping mm 
warmly clothed while labouring under this disease. 



A Diabetes is a profuse staling or a constant dis- 
charge of water ; it is attended with great weakness, 
loss of flesh and appetite, with every appe'^rance ol 
decay and approacJiing dissolution. 

It is frequently the result of old disorders, surfeits, 
excessive hard rides, &c. &c. A horse of a delicate 
and weak constitution is extremely difficult to cure, 
as he q^|n loses flesh and appetite, his hair becomes 
rough, his eyes weak, sad, and dejected, and in a very 
short time he is unfit for any kind of labour. But if 
the following remedies are employed, when the disease 
first makes its appearance, if the horse possesses a 
tolerable good constitution, the cure, by proper atten- 
tion, can be rendered almost certain. 

Remedy, — No. 1. Take of opium, one drachm ; 
msafoetida, two drachms ; powdered ginger, two ditto ; 
red oak bark, powdered, one ounce ; syrup of any 
kind, a sufficient quantity to make two balls for one 
dose, which must be repeated three times within a 
week, and the horse must not be permitted to drink an 
.uiusual quantity of water. A little salt thrown into 
*Jiat \v\ is permitted to use, will be found very beneficial 



No. 2. Take of red wine, one pint; water, onei 
pint ; gum Arabic, one ounce ; mix and give them aii 
a drench three times within a week. 

No. 3. Take of salts of hartshorn, three drachms ; 
opium, one drachm ; powdered ginger, two drachms : 
liquorice, half an ounce ; syrup, of any kind, a suffi- 
cient quantity to make the ingredients into two balls, 
which may be given twice within a week. Nourish- 
ing food, moderate exercise, and a clean, wholesome 
stable will assist much in effecting a cure. 



PRE^^ous to the application of a blister to any part 
of a horse, the hair should either be shaved or cut off 
as close as possible ; the blistering ointment should be 
regularly spread with a warm knife on a stout piece of 
oznaburgs ; and during the operation of the blister, 
the horse should be tied short to prevent his biting the 
part or doing other injury. 

Blister— 'No. 1. Take of Spanish flies half ao ounce, 
oil turpentine one ounce, hog's lard four ounces; mix 
Ihem well and the blister is ready for use. 

No. 2 — Take of tar, four ounces ; vitriolic acid two 
drachms, oil of origanum, half an ounce ; hog's lard, 
two ounces ; Spanish flies, two ounces. This blisVi 
IS excellent for the spavin. 





I i 

>i 1 




As clysters very often are the means of saving 
Horses' lives, I shall here recommend the best and sim- 
plest mode of administering them. Take a large 
bladder, cut off the neck and soften it in warm water, 
lake a pewter pipe, common reed, or any other smooth 
tube, nine or ten inches long and not more than an inch 
in diameter; the clyster must then be poured through 
a funnel into the bag, and securely tied around one end 
of the tube ; the otner must be made perfectly smooth 
and rounding, well oiled, and introduced into the anus 
several inches; the liquid in the bladder must be 
forced through the tube by pressure with the hand.— 
When a clyster is given, a horse should be placed with 
his head down hill, and if he refuses to stand, a twitch 
should be put upon his nose. 

Glysters are of three kinds — opening, anodyne, and 
nourishing. For the first purpose take a gallon of 
warm water, with from half a pound to a pound of 
common salt dissolved in it; to which add four or 
five ounces of olive or linseed oil. For the second, 
take two drachms of solid opium, dissolve them, or 
rather mix them well with about half a pint of warm 
water, and add from a quart to three pints of Indian 
meal or wheat flour gruel. For the third purpose, 
rich broths, wheat flour gruel, and other nourishing 
fluids are recommended. With respect to the first 
kind of glysters, it may be observed that gruel is com- 
monly preferred to warm water : but according to my 
experience, the latter does just as well as the former 
AS to the second, tincture of opium may be substitu 

ted for solid opium, and is by some preferred to it, 
but tne quantity should not exceed two ounces, on 
account of the spirit in which this opium is dissolved. 
The third kind of glyster is required only in lock-jaw, 
or in diseases of the throat which prevent swallowing, 
and in these its utility seems to be very questionable. 
As soon as the glyster has been injected, the tail should 
be kept close to the fundament for a few minutes to 
prevent its being too hastily returned. This is parti- 
cularly necessar) when the anodyne clyster is em- 
ployed. The pipe must be oiled or greased before it 
is introduced, and if its passage be obstructed by hard 
dung lodged in the gut, the hand should be gradually 
introduced in order to remove it. 



Fomentations are generally made of bitter herbs, 
such as wormwood, camomile, muUen, bay leaves, 
sutherwood, life-everlasting, &c. &c. boiled in water 
to a strong decoction, strained oflT, and applied with 
large woollen cloths, hot as the animal can bear it that 
it is intended to benefit. The efficacy of fomentations 
often depends on the length of time they are employed, 
and their being frequently repeated. 

Poultice, — The following mixtures will be found 
useful as a poultice : 

No L Take of bran, one quart ; of sharp vine- 
gar (scalding hot) half a pint ; hog's lard, one table 
spoonful — mix them for use. 

i : 





No. 2. Take of red oak bark a sufficiency to boil 
to one quart of strong decoction ; take of Indian meal, 
a sufficient quantity to form the poultice. 

No. 3. Take of sharp vinegar, half a pint ; of meal 
one quart ; of hog's lard, two table spoonfuls ; pour a 
sufficient quantity of boiling water to form it mto a 
mash, when it will be ready for use. 



A MASH is generally given to a horse for the pur- 
pose of cooling the system, opening the bowels, and 
for disguising different kinds of medicines which may 
be necessary to be administered ; which if given m 
any other way, would be attended with trouble and 
difficulty, and would not be productive of effects so 

Mash.— No. 1. Take of bran one gallon, sassafras 
tea (scalding hot) one quart, powdered brimstone one 
table spoonful, saltpetre one tea spoonful. 

No. 2. Take of oats one gallon, flour sulphur one 
table spoonful, saltpetre one tea spoonful, boiling wate: 
one quart. 

No. 3. Take of bran one gallon, salts (glauber, 
(our ounces, sulphur one table spoonful, sassafras tea 
iscalding hot) one quart-let them be well mixed and 
given milk warm, not permitting the horse to drink 
cold water for six hours afterwards. 


The bleeding of a horse is so common and simple, 
that but little instruction can be necessary for the per- 
formance of the operation. The blood should always 
be caught m some vessel for the purpose of judging oi 
its quantity and quality ; if after it has coagulated a 
light buff coloured jelly forms the surface, it is an evi- 
dence of the inflammatory state of the blood. Blooa 
drawn from a healthy horse very soon coagulates and 
appears like a uniformly red jelly, with a small quantit 
of fluid, resembling water, floating on the surface. » 
consists of two parts— the red jelly (termed crassa- 
mentum) and the water or serum ; the former may be 
separated into two parts by washing the red globules 
and coagulable lymph. 

Bleeding is extremely beneficial in many diseases , 
and with safety from one quart to one and a half gal 
Ions may be taken at one time. 




Take litharage, three ounces; quick lime, six ounces; 
beat it fine and mix it together: put it into a pan ar^J 
pour a sharp ley over it ; then boil it and you w^U 
have a fat substance swim on top, with which anoul 
the horse in such places as you design to have black 
and it will turn to the colour immediately. 



It has the same effect in changing hair that is red 
into a black colour, with only this difference, viz. : — 
Take an equal quantity of lime and litharage, and 
instead of boiling it with ley, boil it only with fresh 
water ; what swims at top, is fit for use and will an- 
swer your expectation ; what hairs you anoint with it 
in the evening, will be black the next morning. 






It may be generally remarked, that men who drive 
fast have swift horses ; not that they drive fast because 
ihey have swift horses, but because fast driving makes 
horses swift. A horse may commonly be trained to 
a dull and heavy, or to an airy and fleet gait. Nature 
unquestionably does much ; but education does far 
more towards producing the great difference in the 
speed of horses, than most men are willing to allow. 
Horses are more frequently injured by driving them 
beyond their habitual pace, than beyond their native 
poiver. The best direction for the education of horses 
is, " drive /tfi/ and stop oJtcnP 



JOHN wall's recipe. 

Take half a pound of saltpetre, half a pound of 
Aium and half a pound of alum salt; pulverize and 
njix them well together, and every eight days give 
mm a table spoonful in his food; his coat, flesh, and 
spirits will soon reward his master for his care. 


The mule is the hybiid produce of an ass witii a 
mare ; having a large clumsy head, long erect ears, a 
short mane, and a thin tail. 

The hinny is the hybrid produce between the she- 
ass and a stallion ; the head is long and thin, the ears 
are like those of a horse, the mane is short, and the 
tail is well filled with hair. The hinny is much less 
common than the mule, because, being less hardy and 
useful than the other, he is never cultivated. 

The mule, commonly so called, is much valued for 
the saddle, and for drawing carriages in Spain, Portu- 
gal, Italy, and the East, and in the warmer parts of 
America. In those countries where great attention is 
paid to the breed, it is as tall as the horse, exceedingly 
well-limbed, but not so handsome, especially about the 
head and tail. These animals are mostly sterile ; 
iome, indeed, have thought that they are altogether 
incapable of producing their kind ; but some few 
instances have occurred, in which female mules have 
had foals, and in which even the male has impregnated 
females both of the ass and horse species, though such 
instances are exceedingly rare. 

The mules made use of in the southern parts oK 
Europe, are now brought to an astonishing perfection 
»* well as great size. They are usually black, stn»n^' 





weh-limbed, and large, being mostly bred out of fine 
Spanish mares. They are sometimes fifteen or six- 
teen hands high, and the best of them worth forty or 
fifty pounds. No creatures are so proper for large 
burdens, and none so sure footed. They are much 
stronger for draft than our horses, and are often as 
thick set as our dray horses, and will travel several 
months together, with six or eight hundred weight 
upon their backs. Some think it surprising that these 
animals are not more propagated here, as they are so 
much hardier and stronger than horses, less subject to 
/iiseases, and capable of living and working to twice 
»he age of a horse. Those that are bred in cold coun- 
tries are more hardy and fit for labour than those brea 
:n hot ; and those which are light made are fitter for 
riding than horses, as to the walk and trot ; but they 
are apt to gallop rough ; though these do it much less 
than the short-made ones. The general complaint 
made against them is, that they kick and are stubborn; 
but this is owing to neglect in breeding them, for they 
are as gentle as horses, in countries where they are 
bred with proper care. 

In the breeding of mules, mares that are of a very 
large breed and well made, should be employed. 
They should be young, full of Ufe, large barrelled, but 
smalled limbed, with a moderate sized head, ahd a 
good forehead. It is found of advantage to have the 
foals from the time of their being dropped often 
handled, to make them gentle : it prevents their hurt- 
ing themselves by skittishness and sudden frights ; and 
they are much easier broken at the proper age, and 
Decome docile and Irarmless, having nothing of that 
rii'iousness which is so commonly complained of in 
iJicse animals. They may be broken at three yean 

Old, but should never be permitted to do much hard 
work till four, as they are thus secured from being 
nurt by hard labour, till they have acquired strength 
enough to bear it without injury. An expert breedei 
of these animals found, that feeding them too well 
while young, though it made them very fat, was far 
from being any advantage to them ; as it was not only 
incurring a much larger expense than was any way 
necessary, but also made them wonderfully nice and 
delicate in their appetites ever after, and also by 
increasing their weight of flesh, rendered them more 
subject to strains and hurts in their morning gambols. 
He therefore contented himself with giving them food 
enough to prevent their losing flesh, and to keep up 
their growth without palling their appetites with deli- 
cacies, or making them over fat ; he also took care to 
defend them from the injuries of the weather by allow- 
ing them stable room, and good litter to sleep on, 
besides causing them every day to be well rubbed 
down, with a hard wisp of straw, by an active groom. 
This was scarcely ever omitted, particularly in cold, 
raw, wet weather, when they were least inclined to 
exercise themselves. When three years old, mules 
are proper for use. 

The shoe for the mule is for the fore foot very simi- 
lar to that which farriers call the bar shoe. It is very 
wide and large, especially at the toe, where it some- 
times projects four inches and upwards beyond the 
hoof. This excess is given it with a view to enlarge 
the basis of the foot, which is in general exceedingly 
narrow in this animal. The shoe for the hind feet is 
oi>cn at the heels like a horse's sho«; but is lengthened 
a I the toe like the preceding one. Mules are, how- 
^vi;r, bv no means invariably shod in this manner: it 






,. not unusual to shoe them either like horses or asses, 
us they approach the one or the other in size or work 


[from the AMERICAN FARMER.] 


[The premium of a silver cup. of thirty dollan. value offered by 
Robert Oliver. EUq. to the author of the best essay on the natural 
history of the Mule, and its value for the g«"7' P"^?"^;; "^ "f"' 
culture, in comparison with was awarded by a committee. 
appoTnted by the Trustee, of the Maryland Agricultural Soc..-.y, 
lo the author of Uie following essay.] 


With the viev, of promoting an improvement in the breed, and of 
demonstrating the utility of employing him a, a mbst.iutefo, the 
horte, m Me labours of husbandry, canals, <^e. 
By Samuel Wtixyb Pomerot. 
Opinion is the queen of the world— it giyoB motion lo 

the springs, and direction to the wheels of power.' 

*^ " John Qutncy Adams. 

•' Knowledge is power."— Bacon. 

Soon after the accession of Charles III. to the c own 
of Spain, his subjects were prohibited by a severe 
edict, from wearing fiapped hats and long cloaks ; 
which caused an insurrection that obliged him to fire 
from Madrid, after witnessing the massacre of nearly 
one hundred of his Walloon guards ; and might havo 
terminated in a revolution, but for a speedy revoca 
uon of the edict and banishment of his mmisters. An 
eminent writer introduces the history of the occnr- 
tence. bv observing, that « it is easier to conquer haW 

the world than to subdue a single prejudice or error, 
most nations having a superstitious attachment to those 
habitudes which they derive from their ancestors, that 
seem to come along with them into the world, and 
with which they were nursed and brought up." 

Perhaps it may be deemed by many quite as vision- 
iry or absurd to attempt an introduction of the mule 
as a substitute for the horse, for the purposes of agri- 
culture and hackney employments, as was the project 
of the Spanish monarch for compelling his subjects to 
wear the French costume, to the exclusion of one thev 
had been so long accustomed to look upon " as a dis- 
tinction which was the birth-right of everj' true Spa- 
niard ;" and as we may suppose, so congenial to the 
indolent habits for which that nation had long been 

It must be acknowledged that there are serious, 
though I trust in this age of improvement, not insur- 
mountable impediments ; for we have to combat not 
only hereditary prejudices, or to speak more correctly 
such as have proceeded from a deficiency of means 
and want of knowledge, to develope the valuable pro- 
perties and to subdue propensities of a contrary cha- 
racter in this hybrid race, but we are met at the 
threshold by the same species of pride which the 
Spaniards manifested in regard to their costume, 
founded on the enthusiastic, I may almost say super- 
stitious, attachment to the horse. 

It is believed that a vast portion of our fellow 
citizens, and I may with propriety add the people oi 
Great Britain, from whom we have derived some 
inveterate prejudices as well as those illustrious exam- 
ples that have had such a powerful influence in leading 
our country to the high destinies that await her, 'lo no« 





ronsider that a mule, especially a well bred one, 
would be in himself and in their view, one of the best 
formed and most distinguished of animals, if they had 
never seen a horse ; they must admit, however, that 
be holds the second rank instead of the first, and it is 
principally from this circumstance that so little atten- 
tion has been paid to him in both countries. Com- 
parison is the chief cause of his degradation— they 
look at and give their opinions not of himself, but 
comparatively with the horse. They seem not aware 
that he is a mule— thai he has all the qualities of his 
nature, all the gifts attached to the connecting and final 
link of two distinct species, and think only of the figure 
and qualities of the horse which are wanting in him, 
and that he ought not to have ; for he possesses those 
of more intrinsic value, which the supreme Author oi 
nature has denied to both of his parents. 

There are few subjects of animated nature that have 
engaged the attention of the most eminent naturalists, 
more than the genus EquuSy to which the horse and 
ass, with their hybrid oflTspring, are assigned. Lin- 
ncBus, with a view to estabUsh, by new arguments, his 
doctrine, or theory of the sexual system of plants, 
which Spallanzani had attempted to overturn, illus- 
trated their generation by pursuing the chain of nature 
from the animal to the vegetable kingdom ; and has 
taken prominent examples from the two diflferent pro- 
ductions of mules. He says, " from the mare and male 
ass proceeds the mule, properly so called, which in its 
nature, that is, in its medullary substance, nervous 
system, and what Malpighi calls the keel, (carina,) 
bottom m sportsmen's language, is latent in, and 
derived from the mare. But in its cortical substance 
and outward form, in its mane and tail, resembles 

the ass. Between the female ass and the horse, 
the other kind of mule is engendered, whose nature 
or medullary substance, resembles that of the ass : hut 
its outward form and cortical structure, or vascular 
svstem that of the horse."* 

The latter kind was called Hinnus by the ancients, 
hence the modern name Hinny. They were not held 
in much estimation by the Romans, according to Pliny, 
who describes them as difficult to manage, and so 
slow that little service could be derived from them. 
Buffon has noticed this animal, which he says " is 
smaller than the mule, as it preserves the diminutive 
stature of the ass." Hinnys were seldom propagated ; 
but it is said that a number have lately been bred in 
Spain, probably in consequence of the destruction of 
mares in the peninsular war, and are represented of 
good size, and more beautiful than the mule : that is, 
they resemble the horse much more. 1 understand a 
few have been bred upon the Spanish Main, no doubt 
from a similar cause that led to the system in Spain ; 
and if my information is correct, some have been 
recently shipped to the West India Islands, but are by 
no means esteemed so hardy, or valuable for service, 
as mules. 

Notwithstanding mules have a disposition to propa 
gate, there have been but two or three well authenti- 
cated instances recorded of their having bred; ana 
those productions were considered monsters. Buffon 
Was indefatigable in his researches on the subject : and 
although he admits that it is possible for both males 

• See " A Dissertation on the Sexes of Plants,** by Sii Cliarlei 
Linnaeus— read before the Imperial Academy of Sciences at St 
I'otersburgh, Sept. 6, 1760, and which obtained the premium Ji 
one bundled ducats. 

■3'- - " '--.«* 




1 r»7 

and females to propagate, he is confident that their 
parents are of a species distinct from each other. He 
says " the ass is not a horse degenerated," as some had 
supposed, " he is neither a stranger, an intruder, nor 
a bastard ; he has, Uke other animals, his family, his 
species, and his rank ; his blood is pure and untainted, 
and although his race is less noble, yet it is equally 
good, equally ancient as that of the horse." This pro- 
found naturalist continues a very minute and eloquent 
comparison between the horse and ass ; some of his 
expressions I have taken the liberty to apply to the 
mule and the horse in a preceding paragraph. 

It may promote the object in view to enter exten- 
sively upon the history of the ass ; and we commence 
with the supposition, that when men became so far 
civilized as to have burdens to carry, or required to be 
carried themselves, this animal was the first domesti- 
cated for that purpose— and it is reasonable to infer 
that those of the least spirit and most tractable, were 
put in requisition in the first instance ; when by breed- 
ing in and in, without any care in the selection of sire 
or dam, became in process of time degenerated to a 
very inferior grade. Be this as it may, it is an unques- 
tionable fact that diflTerent races of the ass now exist, 
possessing properties as distinct as are found in the 
species oi' ca?neL For instance, the Bactrian or single 
hunched camel, called the dromedary, by far the most 
nunieious race, being lightly formed, exhibits great 
activity, and is able to traverse vast tracts with the 
8i)ecd of a high mettled race horse. The Arabian 
camel, with two protuberances on his back, is con- 
siderably larger, of much stronger form, travels at a 
pace seldom exceeding three miles an hour, and is 
capable of conveying such burdens, that the /Vrabs 

styie him, emphatically, the ship of the desert; yet 
they are of the same species — a cross between them 
breed and constitute another variety, which multiply 
and according to Buflfon, have tlie most vigour, and 
are preferred to all others. 

Ancient writers recognisQ three or four distinct 
varieties of the ass. According to the learned Dr 
Harris, four different races are indicated in the origi- 
nal Hebrew scriptures, viz : Para^ Chamor^ Aton^ and 

The wild ass (Para) was a native of Arabia, De- 
serta, and those countries which formed the great 
Babylonian empire. They are now found in Southern 
Tartary, in the mountainous districts and saline plains 
of Persia — are migratory in large herds, visiting in 
winter the Northern parts of India, and said to be so 
fleet that no horse can overtake them in the chase. — 
This race is frequently alluded to by the inspired 
poets and prophets ; and afford similies diametrically 
opposite to those drawn from the domestic race. The 
sublime description of the former in the book of Job, 
exhibits such a contrast, that I trust its insertion in 
this place will not be deemed improper. 

** Who from the forest ass his collar broke, 
And manumized his shoulders from the yoke 7 
Wild tenant of the waste, I sent him there 
Among the shrubs, to breathe in freedom*s air. 

« See the " Natural History of the Bible, by Thaddeus Masoo 
Hairis, D. D. 1 vol. 8vo. Wells & Lilly, Boston." A work woulo 
earnestly reconmiend to those readers of the sacred volume whc 
are desirous to be better acquainted with many allusions to sub 
jocts of natural history, founded on their nature, habits, and cha 
lacteristic qualities, developing beautiful similies, which would 
otherwise lie concealed — and enabling them to judge more cor 
rccily of the propriety of such allusions. 





« > 


Swifl as an arrow in his »i>oed he flies ; 

Sees from afar the smoky city rise ; 

Scorns the throng'd street, where slavery drags her load. 

The loud voicM driver and his urging goad : 

Where e*er the mountain waves its lofty wood, 

A boundless range, ne seeks his verdant food." 

ScotVs Verition, 

We find, thai at a very early period of sacred his- 
iory, the common domestic ass {Chamor) was em- 
[,loyed in all the menial labours of a patriarchal family, 
while a nobler and more estimable animal {Aton) was 
destined to carry the patriarchs, the well born ; and 
those on whom marks of distinction were to be con- 
ferred. They constituted an important item in a 
schedule of the pastoral wealth of those times ; of 
course attracted particular attention and care. David 
we are told, had an officer, apparently of high dignity, 
appointed expressly to superintend his stud of high 
bred asses, or Atonoth. 

There was another race that has been mentioned by 
Aiistotle, and by Theophrastus, whom Phny quotes, 
which they denominated the wild mules that bred 
(hemi'onos,) and were found inCappadocia and Africa. 
There can be but little doubt but this is the Hemionus 
or wild mule of the Mongalian Tartars, so particu- 
larly described by professor Pallas ; and that it is not a 
hybrid, but actually of the species of ass resembling a 
mule.* This race is identified by Dr. Harris with 
the Orud of scripture. 

The wild ass of Northern and Western Africa, 
whose flesh was so much admired by the Roman epi- 



♦ Herodotus says, that in the army of Xerxes, which invaded 
Sreece, there were " chariots of war drawn by wild assea^ M. 
Tiaichcr, a celebrated commentator, renders them zehres in his 
rr«jnch translation, which he supports from Oppian, lib. 3. v. 18?. 
Ilu' It is I >w well known that the zebra is of a specie* entirely 

cures, may, I believe, be ranked as another distmct 
race. Adanson, a French naturalist, who visited tlie 
river Senegal, more than half a century ago, describes 
those brought from the interior by the Moors, as so 
essentially different from any he had seen in Europe, 
(probably those of Spain, Savoy, or parts of France 
adjoining,) it was with difficulty he could recognise 
them to be the same species — neither do they answer 
the description of the wild ass of Asia, of which we 
have been speaking. But his account of them corres- 
ponds with the diminutive domestic race introduced 
from Africa, partio.ularly those from Senegal and the 
Cape de Verd Islands ; and from which the small race 
now in Europe and in this country, may with great 
probability claim their origin. 

The Arabian ass, like the horse of that country, is 
considered as the most estimable of his species — and 
there are strong reasons for concluding that he is 
descended from the Hebrew Aton, so highly valued 
by Abraham and by the patriarchs, judges, and kings, 
at subsequent periods of sacred history ; and that the 
same race has been preserved in the ancient land o/ 
IJz, in some degree of purity to the present time 
Indeed, there can be but little doubt on the subject, 
il* we admit the fact, that the habits, manners, and pur 
suits of the descendants of Ishmael have continued, 
uith scarcely an iota of variation, from the day they 
took rank among the nations of the earth. Tlie 
position is greatly strengthened by the information J 

distinct from the a88 ; and Buffon asserts that none were ever di« 
covered out of Africa, and there only in the soutliem hemisphere 
it is tljcrefore highly probable, that those alluded to were the hemu 
onvf, which are deucribed as much larger than the wild «*#, and 
T.oarer the size and fonn of the zebra. See Beloe»b Herodotua^ 
Holymnia, cliap. 8G. 







received some years since from an intelligent traveller 
of undoubted veracity, who had visited Arabia on the 
south-western side of the peninsula to Mocha ; and on 
the eastern, as far as the mouth of the Tigris. Ho 
represented the superior race of asses of that country 
as most beautiful— of perfect symmetry, great spirit, 
activity, and vigour. He had seen those that could 
not be purchased for less than four or five thousand 
dollars— ^n enormous price, considering the value of 
money among those people.* I understand from him, 
that the Arabs were as tenacious of preserving the 
pedigrees of their horses, as the most careful breeder 
for the turf in England— and not less so of their asses. 
The descent of some of them they trace to those in the 
train of the queen of Sheba, when she visited Solomon 
—as they also do that of their horses to the numerous 
stud of that wise and gallant king. 

Dr. Harris supposes the wild ass (Para) to be tlie 
Onager of the ancients ; and that the Aton was of a 
different kind. My impressions coincide with the 
opinion of the learned divine— but may not writers of 
different periods have confounded the wild ass with the 
^^071 in their representations of the Onager? for it is 
not improbable, but that the Aton was of the most 
improved breed known, produced from crosses of a 
choice selection of the domestic, the wild ass, and the 
Hemionus, or wild mule— which last Professor Pallas 
recommends to complete the perfection of the species. 
This supposition is supported by Buffon, who infers 

•Neibuhr remarks, " thew are two sorts of asses in Arabia; the 
wnaller or lazy ass, as little valued there as in Kuori>e ; and a larg^o 
and high spirited brred, wliich are greatly valued, and sell at a very 
higli price; I preferred them to horses.' Soe Neibuhr^s l.avel. in 

as a certain fact, that by a cross of the remotest ol 
different races of the ass, the most beautiful produc- 
tions are obtained. 

Mules were in use and highly esteemed at a remote 
period of antiquity ; and are mentioned in scripture 
as of importance in the equipage of princes. Hero- 
dotus, who is styled the father of profane history, fre- 
quently speaks of them ; and it is known that they 
were introduced in the chariot races at tiie Olympic 
games in the seventieth Olympiad, about five hun- 
dred years before Christ. The Romans well knew 
their value. Pliny informs us, from Varro, that Q. 
Axius, a Roman senator, paid four hundred thousand 
sersterces, upwards of thirteen thousand dollars, for a 
male ass, for the propagation of mules. And he says 
further, that the profit of a female ass in breeding 
stock for the same purpose, was estimated in Celte- 
beria, now the kingdom of Valencia in Spain, at a 
like sum. We may infer from a passage in Tacitus, 
and in Plutarch's life of Marius, that mules weie ge- 
nerally employed to transport the baggage of the Ro- 
man armies ; and that it is not improbable the superior 
officers rode those of a high grade, having their horses 
led except when they engaged an enemy. It seems 
that the dilletanti of Rome held them in great estima- 
tion, as we are informed that the mules of Nero and 
Poppea were shod with gold and silver — not plates, as 
iron shoes are now formed, but the whole hoof en- 

Columella, who in the reign of the Emperer Clauaius, 
published the most valuable treatise on the husbandry 
Hud economy of the Romans that nas been handed 
oovvn to us, has given very particular directions for 
oreoding asses and mules. He was a native of Cadiz. 








mid owned estates 5d Spain, where it appears that thf 
iinest mules were then bred. 

As it is not requisite to pursue our history of the 
mule any farther among the ancients, we shall drop 
their appellation of mafe 2ind female ass, and adopt the 
modern one of Jack and Jennet. 

Spain has continued to support the reputation for a 
superior race of mules to the present period : and it is 
probable, that the Arabian breed of Jacks were intro- 
duced by the Moors, when they held possession ol 
that fine country, which, by crosses and the effects ot 
climate and soil, have formed two valuable races, 
which we shall notice in the sequel. The Portuguese 
race have been generally considered as differing but 
little from the Spanish; those, however, that have 
come within my view appear evidently inferior. It 
was not until near the close of the sixteenth century, 
that coaches were used in France ; before which, it is 
said, the nobles rode to court, parliament, &c. on 
mules, that were brought from the vicinity of the Alps 
and Pyrenees. They were usually black, of large 
size, well made, and mostly bred from fine Spanish 
mares. Savoy has long been noted for an excellent 
breed of mules. None very extraordinary are found 
in Italy : those used by the Velterino, are strong and 
of a respectable size, but of a sluggish and debased 
spirit. Very little can be said of those animals in 
Great Britain. The Catholic prelates brought ovei a 
number of superb mules, prior to the Reformation, 
but in the reign of Elizabeth so little was known of 
tliem, tnat a writer of that period says, " in Devon- 
sliire some were produced by a Jack brought from 
Prance, and were knocked on the head by the people, 
who viewed them as monsters." A superior race ol 
niules were bred in Flanders from Jacks introduced by 

iIkJ Spanish monarchs while they held dominion in 
that country. Fifty of them were brought to England 
by the Duke of Cumberland, presented him by the 
Empress Queen, and from their beautiful appearance, 
engaged the attention of a few individuals ; but the 
spirit soon subsided, notwithstanding those who bred 
and used them were warm in praise of their utility. 

Among a voluminous mass of treatises on agricul- 
ture and rural economy, published in that country for 
near a century past, scarce a line can be found devoted 
to the mule ; except by Dr. Anderson, who, in his 
" Recreations in Agriculture," has made a few judi 
cious remarks on the subject. 

In Sir George Staunton's account of Lord Macart- 
ney's embassy to China, we are told that mules are 
valued in that economical empire at a much higher 
price than horses. In our own country, prior to the 
war of the revolution, a few Jacks of an ordinary kind 
were imported ; a small number of mules bred ; and 
all exported to the West Indies. I have reference to 
New England, as I am not aware tJiat any attention 
was paid to the system in the middle, or Southern 
States, though it is not improbable that some valuable 
mules may have been raised by the farmers and plan- 
ters for their own use. When peace took place, tlie 
price of mules in the West Indies excited attention to 
the breeding of them, which was principally confined 
to Connecticut; and several cargoes of the small 
race of Jacks were imported from the Cape de Verd 
Islands, and St. Michael's, one of the Azores. It 
uhould be observed, that the exportation of Jack^ from 
Spain or any of her colonies, was strictly prohibited, 
and continued to be until after the peninsular war. — 
There might have been, however, a few smuggled. 









from the Spanish part of Hispanlola into Cape Fr^n^ 
cois, and from thence introduced, but they were vastly 
inferior ".o the Spanish Jacks. From this miserable 
stock a system of breeding mules commenced, the best 
calculated to deteriorate any race of animals that has 
been, or could be devised, since their creation. The 
purchaser of a Jack when about to commence mule 
dealer, made little inquiry concerning him but of hisr 
capacity to propagate a mule. He placed him in a 
district where there was the greatest number of mares 
of qualities so inferior that their colts would not com- 
pensate their owners for the expense of taking them 
to a horse, and contracted to purchase their mules at 
four months old. Those are kept in herds, with pre- 
carious shelter in winter, having ample opportunities 
afforded them, to mature and transfer that propensity 
for kicking, which seems at first merely playful, into 
an habitual means of defence, to be exercised when 
the biped or any other race of animals approach them. 
In this kicking seminary they remain two years, and 
are then driven to market. At subsequent periods, a 
few Jacks of higher grades were procured, from which 
a small number of good sized mules were bred, and a 
few of them broke. The breed of Jacks have some- 
what improved, and mule dealers are now located in 
most of the New England States and some parts of 
New York. But the system as above detailed, with 
few exceptions, has continued; and it is from such a 
race of Jacks and such a system of breeding and 
management, that the mules have been produced, with 
which the farmers and planters of Maryland, Virginia, 
and the Southern States, have been supplied from 
New England ; and such have furnished a criterion for 
a great portion of our countrymen to form an estimate 
of the value and pro|)erties of this degraded animal. 

It affords great pleasure to be enabled, for a short 
time at least, to pursue our investigations in a higher 

Several of my friends who had viewed the Jacks 
and mules, at Mount Vernon, in the life time of Ge- 
neral Washington, gave such glowing descriptions of 
Ihem, and understanding that part of that stock was 
inherited by George W. P. Custis, Esq. I was induced 
to address a few queries to him on this subject ; this 
gentleman with his characteristic urbanity, very 
promptly furnished replies, with liberty to make such 
use of them as I pleased, and I cannot do better than 
to transcribe them from a letter received about three 
years sincQ. Mr. Custis observes: 

" The Royal Gift and Knight of Malta, were sent 
to General Washington about the year 1787 — the Gif 
with a Jennet a present from the King of Spain ; and 
said to have been selected from the royal stud. The 
Knight I believe was from the Marquis de Lafayette, 
and shipped from Marseilles. The Gifi was a huge 
and ill shapen Jack, near sixteen hands high, very 
large head, clumsy limbs, and to all appearance little 
calculated for active service ; he was of a grey colour, 
probably not young when imported, and died at 
Mount Vernon but little valued for his mules, which 
were unwieldly and dull. The Knight was of a mo- 
derate size, clean limbed, great activity, the fire and 
ferocity of a tiger, a dark brown, nearly black colour, 
white belly and muzzle ; could only be managed by 
one groom, and that always at considerable personal 
risk. He lived to a great age, and was so infirm to- 
wards the last as to require lifting. He died on my 
estate in New Kent, in the State of Virginia, ab'»ui 
i8U9 ar l«03. His mules were all active, spirited. 






it I 

' I 


! II 

and iei viewable; and from stout mares attained con 

siderable size. 

" General Washington bred a favourite Jack calle< 
Compound, from the cross of Spanish and Maltese 
Tlie Knight upon the imported Spanish Jennet. This 
Jack was a very superior animal ; very long bodied, 
well set, with all the quaKties of the Knight, and the 
weight of the Spanish. He was sire of some of the 
finest mules at Mount Vernon, and died from accident 
The General bred mules from his best coach mares, 
and found the value of the mule to bear a just propor- 
tion to the value of the dam. Four mules sold at the 
sale of his effects, for upwards of $800 : and two 
moie pairs at upwards of $400 each pair ; one pair 
of these mules were nearly sixteen hands high. The 
only Jacks I know of at present, of the genuine Mount 
Vernon stock, are, one sold by me to Judge Johnson, 
of South Carolina, for five hundred dollars, at two 
years old; one given by me to Will'am Fitzhugh, 
Esq. of Ravensworth, and one which I believe is pos- 
sessed by my uncle, Geore Calvert, Esq. of Rivers- 

"The Jack purchased by Judge Johnson, I have 
understood, has a very high reputation in the South. 

"Upon losing my groom (Peter) who was the first 
and last groom to the Mount Vernon Jacks, I parted 

•vith my stock. 

" There are many Jacks that have come into tFx* 
country of late years, but of their value and projjer- 
ties I am unable to speak, though I rather presume they 
are generally small, and only fitted to get mules for 
the cotton cultivation in the light lands of the South. 
Some very fine mules are raised about Hagerstown, 
Maryland, from Jacks of the old breed; they are 
bred from stout wagon mares. 

"As to my opinion of the value of mules, I shall 
always appear extravagant. I have scarce a horse on 
my estates for agricultural purposes, nor would I ac 
cept of one as a gift, (except for road wagons,) of which 
I have no need, as my property lies on navigable 
water. Nothing ever was so good as mules for the 
uses of this, pur southern country ; they live longer, eat 
less, and above all, are better suited to our slaves, than 
any other animal could possibly be: their strength, 
patient endurance of privation and hardships, slender 
pasturage, exposure — and in short, all those ills to 
which animals are subject where slaves are their 
masters, give to mules a decided preference in all the 
agricultural States of the South. 

" I do not know of any being trained to the pur- 
poses of pleasure carriages. They are often ridden, 
and go pleasantly, with great surety of foot. I have 
no doubt but that in time, they will generally be used 
for carriages, and would particularly suit mail coaches; 
they are very swift, and, have great durability in 

The Knight of Malta, mentioned by Mr. Custis, was 
unquestionably the first Maltese Jack ever brought to 
the United States. The second came in the frigate 
Constitution, on her return I think, from her first cruise 
in the Mediterranean ; and I have understood was sold 
in the district of Columbia, or one of the adjoining 
States. Since that time a number have been intro- 
duced by officers of the navy from Malta, and the large 
Spanish breed from Minorca and Majorca. From the 
Mount Vernon and those stocks, some fine mules have 
been bred in the middle States, and probably farther 
South. A few valuable Maltese Jacis nave neen 
*«n ported in merchant ships. 







The impressions received, when on a visit to the 
West Indies in my youth, by observing, on the sugar 
plantations, the severe labour performed by mules in 
cane mills, induced me when I commenced farming, 
to purchase the first well broke mule I could light on ; 
and notwithstanding he was so small as to require a 
vehicle and harness constructed purposely for him, his 
services were found so valuable, and the economy of 
using those animals so evident, that I was stimulated 
to great exertions for procuring several others of 
larger size; in this I succeeded, after great difficulty, 
to such an extent, as to have had more labour per- 
formed by them on farm and road, for thirty years 
past, than any pesron I presume, in New England ; 
and every day's experience has served to fortify my 
conviction of the superior utility of the mule over the 
horse, for all the purposes for which I have proposed 
him as a candidate. And it should be considered, that 
those I have used were of an ordinary breed, vastly 
inferior to such as may be easily produced in our 
country, by attention to the introduction of a suitable 
race of Jacks, and a proper system of breeding and 
management. The question occurs, how is this to be 
effected ? I will premise, that there exists a strong 
analogy between three varieties of the horse, and those 
of the domestic ass, considered the most valuable. We 
have the Arabian, the hunter, and the stout cart-horse. 
There is the heavy Spanish Jack, with long slouching 
ears, which Mr. Custis has described, that answers to 
the cart-horse ; another Spanish breed called the Anda- 
'*jsian, with ears shorter and erect, of tolerable size, 
plenty of bone, active, more spirited, and answering 
lo the hunter. Then comes the Arabian Jack, with 
tars always erect, of a delicate form, fine hmbs, and 
full of fire and spirit. Judicious crosses from \i>ese 

varieties, will be required to produce such kind of 
mules as may be wanted for general purposes. F/on. 
the small Jack of African origin, with a list down his 
back and shoulders, are bred a small race of mules, 
by far the most hardy of any. With attention to 
selection in breeding the Jacks, with, perhaps, a dash 
of some cross of the foregoing description, a stock of 
mules may be produced, preferable to all others foi 
the light lands and cotton culture of the middle and 
Southern States. 

To procure any number of Arabian Jacks from 
their native country, is hardly practicable at the pre- 
sent time. Egypt has been celebrated by Sonnini 
and other travellers, for superb Jacks of the Arabian 
breed, which probably has been often improved by 
those introduced by the pilgrims from Mecca. I ap- 
prehend no great difficulty in obtaining them from that 
country. There is, however, no question but the 
Maltese Jacks are of the Arabian race, more or less 
degenerated. The most of those brought to this 
country that 1 have seen, were selected on account of 
their size, and had been used to the draught. I should 
recommend the selection of those that are esteemed 
most suitable for the saddle, as likely to possess greatei 
purity of blood. A Jack of this kind, was a number 
of years since imported from Gibraltar, that had been 
selected by a British officer at Malta ; and very much 
resembled the Knight of Malta described by Mr. 
Custis. I found upon a careful examination, that he 
differed but little from the description I had heard and 
read of the true Arabian race ; indeed I could dis 
cover some prominent points and marks, that agreea 
with those found by professor Pallas to belong to the 
Hemionus or wild mule of Mongalia. From this Jack 
have bred a stock, out of a large Spanish Jenne<i o* 








I'l- . 


the Andalusian breed, that correspond very minutely 
with Mr. Custis's description of Compound bred by 
General Washington, and also a mule, that now, not 
three years old, stands fifteen hands, and has other 
points of great promise. 

Such have been the ravages of war and anarchy in 
Spain for a long time past, that the ^ne race of Jacks 
that country once possessed have become almost ex- 
tinct. In Majorca, and probably some part of the 
coast of Spain opposite, the large breed may be ob- 
tained; and there formerly was a superior race in 
Andalusia, which it is hoped have been preserved. — 
Crosses on one of these breeds by the Arabian or Mal- 
tese, I consider indispensable to furnish a race of Jacks 
for the production of the most desirable mules, uniting 
the weight and bone of one, with the spirit and vigour 
of the other, although their height will in a great mea- 
sure depend on the mares, yet if sired by full blooded 
Maltese Jacks, their limbs are too slender and their 
pasterns too long for heavy draught; but for the 
saddle, especially from blood mares, they are admira- 
ble, and out of stout mares suitable for light carriages. 

My attention has been but lately directed to breed- 
ing mules ; and those intended only for my own use. 
The system adopted is to halter them at four months, 
and have the males emasculated before six months old, 
wnich has great influence on their future conduct, aud 
is attended with much less hazard and trouble, than il 
delayed until they are one or two years old, as is the 
general practice. If they are treated gently and fed 
occasionally out of the hand, with corn, potatoes, &c. 
they soon become attached; and when thev find that 
** every man's hand is not against them," will have no 
piopensity to direct their heels against him, and soon 
fcrget thev have the power. In winter they should 

be tied up in separate stalls, and often rubbed down. 
By such treatment there is not more danger of having 
a vicious mule than a vicious horse ; and I am deci- 
dedly of opinion, that a high spirited mule so managed 
and well broke, will not jeopardize the lives or limbs 
of men, women, or children by any means so much as 
a high spirited horse, however well he may have been 

The longevity of the mule has become so proverbial, 
that a purchaser seldom inquires his age. Pliny gives 
an account of one, taken from Grecian history, that 
was eighty years old ; and though past labour, followed 
others, that were carrying materials to build the temple 
of Minerva, at Athens, and seemed to wish to assist 
them ; which so pleased the people, that they ordered 
he should have free egress to the grain market. Dr. 
Rees mentions two that were seventy years old in 
England. I saw myself in the West Indies a mule 
perform his task in a cane-mill, that his owner assured 
me was forty years old. I now own a mare mule 
twenty-five years old, that I have had in constant work 
twenty-one years, and can discover no diminution in 
her powers ; she has within a year past often taken 
upwards of a ton weight in a wagon to Boston, a 
distance of more than five miles. A gentleman in my 
neighbourhood has owned a very large mule about 
fourteen years, that cannot be less than twenty-eigh^ 
years old. He informed me a few days since, that he 
could not perceive the least failure in him, and would 
not exchange him for any farm horse in the country. 
And I am just informed, from a source entitled to 
perfect confidence, that a highly respectable gentleman 
and eminent agriculturist, near Centieville, on the 
Eji stern Shore of Maryland, owns a mule that 19 







thirty-five years old, as capable of labour as at any 
former period. 

The great Roman naturalist, in one of the most 
beautiful passages of his elaborate history of nature, 
observes that " the earth is constantly teased more to 
furnish the luxuries of man than his necessities."*— 
We can have no doubt but that the remark applied 
with great justice to the habits, of the Romans in the 
time of PHny; and I am much mistaken if ample 
proofs cannot be adduced, that it will lose none of its 
force or truth, at this present period, in all northern 
climates, or any section of the United States where 
the horse is employed for agriculture as well as for 
pleasure. Far be it from me, however, to disparage 
this noble animal ; on the contrary, I feel a strong 
attachment for him, and at the same time a full convic- 
tion, tliat the substitution of the mule, for the purposes 
before stated, as extensively as may be consistent with 
the requisite production of each species, will have the 
eftect of restoring the horse to the station from which 
he has been degraded, and place him as in former 
ages, upon a more dignified footing, an object of ac 
knowledged luxury ; and thereby introduce a more 

* " It is the eartli that, like a kind mother receives us at our 
birth, and sustains us when born. It is this alone, of all the ele 
ments around us, that is never found an enemy to man. The body 
of waters deluge him with rains, oppress him with hail, and drown 
him with inundations ; the air rushes on in storms, prepares the 
tempest, or lights up the volcano ; but the earth, gentle and indul- 
gent, ever subservient to the wants of man, spreads his walks vath 
flowers, and his table with plenty ; returns with interest every good 
committed to her care, and though she produces the poison, she 
ii'iW supplies the antidote, though constantly teased more to furnish 
the luxuries of man, than his necessities, yet even to the last, 8h9 
continues her kind indulgence, and when life is over, she piously 
itMies his remains in her bosom." 

Plinu'g Natural History, Book II. Chap. 63. 


correct system of breeding and management, in which 
our countrymen are so generally deficient, consequently 
more perfect animals and such an advance in the price 
of them, that will aflTord the farmer what he is now a 
stranger to — such remuneration as will make his brood 
mares a profitable species of stock. And it is obvious 
that the system will be followed by an improvement in 
the breed of mules, in the same ratio as the miserable 
race of scrub mares, which are now consuming the 
profits of agriculture, shall become extinct. 

It does not appear that the horse was employed by 
the ancients for any purpose of husbandry. The ox and 
ass drew the plough and the wain, and performed all 
kinds of drudgery until after the feudal system was 
established in Europe, when the numerous retainers of 
the feudal lords, who held their lands by tlie tenure of 
performing knight's service, found themselves under 
the necessity of making the horses they were obliged 
to keep, contribute towards their support in the culti- 
vation. From this time I believe, we may date, and 
from this cause may be attributed the introduction of 
the horse for the purposes of agriculture. Since that 
period, the history of Europe is little else than the 
annals of war and its preparations ; and no material 
for that scourge, except the deluded human victims, 
seems more necessary than the horse — accordingly we 
find that throughout the whole country, from the Rhine 
or the Seine, to beyond the Danube and Vistula, which 
has been the principal arena, the system of agriculture 
has embraced, extensively, the breeding of horses of 
different grades and forms adapted to the several use^ 
in war. Indeed whole provinces weie appropriated 
almost exclusively to the rearing those animals foj 
disposal to the different combatants ; and it must be 
17 N 







obvious, that their general use in husbandry, at the 
same time, would follow as a necessary consequence. 
It cannot be expected therefore, but that the Dutch 
and Germans who have emigrated to our country, 
should bring with them such strong predilections loi 
the horse, which have continued with most of then 
descendiunts, especially in those sections where coiiv 
munities of that respectable and industrious portion ol 
our population have been located. In Great Britain, 
to the causes which have produced the effects described 
on the continent, may be added the insular position 
of the United Kingdoms, vulnerable from numberless 
and distant points, the horse has been considered, in 
connexion with the unconquerable spirit of the nation, 
as one of the most efficient means of repelling inva- 
sion: a circumstance that would of itself be sufficient 
to account for the over-weaning attachment to this 
animal. But identified as his services have been for a 
long period, with the convenience, sports, and recrea- 
tions, of all ranks and classes, and the science of 
oreeding and training, forming a characteristic feature, 
it could not excite surprise, if the approach of that 
terrible spectre famine, should produce little or no effect 
in the reduction of the tiumber. And although somg 
f»f the most distinguished characters in the nation 
eminent for their practical knowledge in rural ccon 
omy, have been for half a century advocating thr 
substitution of the ox for the purposes of agriculture, 
and demonstrating the feasibility, economy, and vast 
saving of food, yet it is said the number of labouring 
oxen have lately diminished and horses increased. 
Five millions of the latter are now supposed to subsist 
in the United Kingdom, and two-thirds employed in 
husbandry — consuming, at a moderate estimate, the 


product of twenty millions of highly cultivated acres !* 
And what is the consequence ? consumption follows so 
close upon supply, that at every season of harvest, let 
the preceding one be never so abundant, fast sailing 
vessels are found in the various ports, with their anchors 
atrip, to convey intelligence of the result, to all parts 
of the world where a surplus of bread corn is grown — 
exciting such an interest in our own country, that the 
farmer on the shores of Erie and Ontario, and on the 
banks of the Ohio, may be seen reading bulletins of 
British weather — the rain and sunshine of every day 
m August and the two following months — often within 
thirty days after the time of their publication in London 
or Liverpool. Can it be supposed that in a country 
where an attachment to the horse borders so nearly 
uj)on infatuation, that the question of the utility of the 
mule as a substitute, would be seriously agitated, or 
engage scarce a momentary investigation T 

In no country is the mule better adapted to all the 
f)urposes of husbandry, for which the horse is used, 
than in every section of our own. And it would be 
highly desirable to be able to exhibit a calculation of 
the actual saving, in dollars and cents, by his employ- 
ment — but unfortunately no correct data can be had. 
And as I consider such calculations, unless founded 
upon experimental facts, and those multiplied, to be as 
** tinkling cymbals," I shall merely submit a desultory 

* Mr. Pitt, in an able " Essay on the consumption of corn," 
published by the Board of Agriculture, in 1806, estimateg that 
each draught horse, employed on roads, canals, and mines, in 
pleasure carriages of all descriptions, and carts in cities, consume 
the average product of four acres for oats and beans, and thne 
teres for hay. It is stated in the same essay, that ** the aggret(ati» 
•f oats imported into England (only) for twenty years, ending in 
11 07, 'amounted to the enormous quantity of 8,655,046 quarttnT-^' 
■pwards of sixty.nine millions of busheU 1 



comparison between the mule and the horse, derived 
from such facts as my own experience, and information 
from authentic sources, will justify the assumption of. 

From what has been stated respecting the longevity 
of the mule, I think it may be fairly assumed, that he 
dues not deteriorate more rapidly after twenty yeart 
of age, than the horse after ten, allowing the same 
extent of work and similar treatment to each. The 
contrast in the mule's freedom from malady or disease, 
compared with the horse, is not less striking. Arthur 
Young, during his tour in Ireland, was informed that 
a gentleman had lost several fine mules by feeding 
them on wheat straw cut — and I have been informed 
that a mule dealer, in the western part of New York, 
attributed the loss of a number of young mules, in a 
severe winter, when his hay was exhausted, to feeding 
them exclusively on cut straw and Indian corn meal. 
In no other instance have I ever heard or known of a 
mule being attacked with any disorder or complaint, 
except two or three cases of inflammation of the intes- 
tines, caused by gross neglect in permitting them to 
remain exposed to cold and wet, when in a high state of 
perspiration after severe labour, and drinking to excess 
of cold water. From his light frame and more cautious 
movements, the mule is less subject to casualties than 
the horse. Indeed, it is not improbable, but a farmer 
may work the same team of mules above twenty years 
and never be presented with a farrier's bill, or find it 
necessary to exercise the art himself. 

Sir John Sinclair, in his « Reports on the Agricul- 
ture of Scotland," remarks that " if the whole period 
of a horse s laoour be fifteen years, the first six may 
he equal in value to that of the remaining nine : there- 
fore, a horse of ten year*! old after working six yeaia 



may be worth half his origiial value." He estimates 
the annual decline of a horse to be equal to fifty per 
cent, on his price every six years, and supposes one out 
of twenty-five that are regularly employed in agricul- 
ture, to die every year : constituting a charge of four 
per cent, per annum for insurance against diseases and 
accidents. He considers five acres of land, of medium 
quality, necessary for the maintenance of each horse, 
and the annual expense, including harness, shoeing, 
farriery, insurance, and decline in value, allowing him 
to cost two hundred dollars, to exceed that sum about 
five per cent, which is the only difference between the 
estimate of this illustrious and accurate agriculturist, 
and that of a respectable committee of the Farmers' 
Society of Barnwell district. South Carolina, who, in 
a report published in the Charleston Courier, of 23d 
of February last, state, that " the annual expense ol 
keeping a horse is equal to his value !" The same 
committee also state, that " at four years old a horse 
will seldom sell for more than the expense of rearing 
him." That "the superiority of the mule over the 
horse, had long been appreciated by some of their 
most judicious planters — that two mules could be 
idsed at less expense than one horse — that a mule is 
fit for service at an earlier period, if of suflicient size — 
will perform as much labour, and if attended to when 
first put to work, his gait and habits may be formed to 
suit the taste of the owner." This report may be con- 
sidered a most valuable document, emanating as it 
does, from enlightened practical farmers and planters, 
111 a section of country where we may suppose a horse 
ran be maintained cheaper than in Marvland or any 
S^ate farther North. 

1 am convinced that the small breed of mules wil! 
consume less in proportion to the labour they are 






capable of performing, than the large race, but I shall 
confine the comparison to the latter — those that stand 
from fourteen and a half to rising of fifteen hands, 
and equal to any labour that a horse is usually put to. 
From repeated experiments in the course of two win- 
ters, 1 found that three mules of this description, that 
were constantly at work, consumed about the same 
quantity of hay, and only one fourth the provender 
that was given to two middling sized coach horses 
moderately worked. And from many years* attentive 
observation, I am led to believe that a large sized mule 
will not require more than three-fifths to two- thirds 
the food to keep him in good order, that will be 
necessary for a horse performing the same extent of 
labour. Although a mule will work and endure on 
such mean and hard fare, that a horse would soon give 
out upon, he has an equal relish for that which is good ; 
and it is strict economy to indulge him, for no animal 
will pay better for extra keep, by extra work. But if 
by hard fare, or hard work, he is reduced to a skeleton, 
two or three weeks' rest and good keeping will put 
him in flesh and high condition for labour. I have 
witnessed several such examples with subjects twenty 
years old ; so much cannot be said of a horse at that 
age. The expense of shoeing a mule the year round, 
does not amount to more than one-third that of a horse, 
his hoofs being harder, more horny, and so slow in 
their growth, the shoes require no removal, and hold 
on till worn out — and the wear, from the lightness of 
the animal, is much less. 

In answer to the charge generally prevalent against 
ihe mule, that he is " vicious, stubborn and slow," 1 
car assert, that out of about twenty that have been 
employed on my estate, at diflferent periods during a 
'iouisf of thirty years, and those picked up chiefly on 

account of their size and spirit, wliercvcr they could 
be founa, one only had any vicious propensities, and 
those might have been subdued by proper management 
when young. I have always found them truer pullers 
and quicker travellers with a load, than horses. Their 
vision and hearing is much more accurate. I have 
used them in my family carriage, in a gig, and under 
the saddle: and have never known one to start or run 
from any object or noise : a fault in the horse that 
continually causes the maiming and death of numbers 
of human beings. The mule is more steady in his 
draught and less likely to waste his strength than the 
horse: hence more suitable to work with oxen; and as 

he walks faster, will habituate them to a quicker gait. 

But for none of the purposes of agriculture does his 
superiority appear more conspicuous than ploughmij 
among crops, his feet being smaller and follow each 
other so much more in a line, that he seldom treads 
down the ridges or crops. The facility of instructing 
him to obey implicitly the voice of his driver or the 
ploughman, is astonishing. The best ploughed tillage 
land 1 ever saw, I have had performed by two mules 
tandem, without lines or driver. 

There is one plausible objection often uiged against 
the mule, that "on deep soils and deep roads, his feet 
being so much smaller than those of the horse, sink 
farther in ; but it should be considered that he can 
extricate them with as much greater facility. 

Few can be ignorant of the capacity of the mule to 
ftndure labour in a temperature of heat that would be 
destructive to the horse, who have any knowledge o! 
the preference for him merely on that account, in tno 
West Indies, and in the Southern States. 

It is full time to bring our comparison to a close, 
'vhich I shall do by assuniing the position, that tlw 





» i 

farmer who substitutes mules for hoises, will have 
this portion of his animal labour performed, with the 
expense of one spire of grass instead of two ; which 
may be equal, so far, to making " two spires grow 
where one grew before.** For although a large sized 
mule will consume somewhat more than half the food 
necessary for the horse, as has been observed, yet if we 
take into account the savmg in expense of shoeing, 
farriery, and insurance against diseases and accidents, 
we may safely affirm, that a c'ear saving of one half 
can be fully substantiated. But in addition to this, the 
mule farmer may calculate, with tolerable certainty, 
upon the continuation of his capital for thirty years : 
whereas the horse farmer at the expiration o{ fifteen 
years, must look to his crops, to his acres, or a bank, 
for the renewal of his — or perhaps, what is worse, he 
must commence horse jockey at an early period. 

The intense interest with which the public mind is 
at present occupied on the subject of canals now in 
operation and progress, encourages me to offer the 
mule as an important auxiliary in the economy of their 
management ; as I trust, it will not be denied, that on 
the cheapness of transportation on them, depends their 
utility as well as profit to the stockholders. The mule 
seems so peculiarly adapted for the labour on canals, 
that compared with the horse, he may be considered 
almost equal to a locomotive \x wer engine. Among 
the advantages we have enumerated respecting his use 
m husbandry, the most of which are applicable to canal 
labour, that of the much greater security from diseases 
and casualties, which must necessarily require a great 
number of supernumerary horses, to prevent interrup- 
tion in the line of passage, is not the least important, 
nor is the very trifling expense at which the mule can 
lie supoorted during the winter months, as he will bear 

oeing taken off his feed till the boats are about to be 
launched in the spring, and in a few days can be made 
lit for eflicient duty — while a horse will require at least 
half feed if he does nothing, or must be fed high for 
some time before he can resume the labour that will 
be demanded of him. The same advantages may be 
derived by his employment on railways. 

In a communication published in the Utica Observer, 
the 16th of May, inst. by Henry Seymour, Esq. one of 
the canal commissioners of New York, it is stated that a 
packet boat on the Erie Canal, requires a team of three 
horses to tow sixteen miles, going eighty miles in the 
twenty-four hours, including stoppages and detention 
at locks ; the relays demanding fifteen horses for each 
nautical day. If it takes five days for a boat to be 
towed from Lake Erie to the- Hudson, seventy-five 
horses will be required. I am not certain but it may 
be done in a less time, but as there must always be 
supernumeraries kept, we shall be within bounds to 
estimate that number. In the same communication the 
expense of each horse is estimated at fifty cents per 
day, I presume for subsistence only, without reference 
to interest or deterioration of capital, for the object 
of the estimate seems merely to show a comparison 
between the packet boats and freight boats, on a ques- 
tion of profit and loss: as it is remarked that "many 
contingent expenses might be added to both." Taking 
this data, it will cost thirty-five dollars per day for the 
horse subsistence of a single packet boat. The freight 
boats require two, and allowing for the time occupied 
in taking in and discharging their cargoes, with the 
other necessary detentions, average forty miles per 
day — which being double the time of the packet boats, 
although they may not require the same number of 
relays, the expense cannot materially diflei. From 



! i 




tliese premises we may conclude, that for every boat 
navigating the grand Erie Canal, there must be ex- 
pended three hundred and seventy-five dollars for the 
subsistence of the horses, each time they tow her from 
the Lake to the Hudson and back.* Now, if this can 
be done as effectually by mules for one half this sum, 
and with an extension of capital free of interest, fifteen 
/ears longer than that vested in horses, the aggregate 
of this immense saving will appear by ascertaining 
the number of boats at the present time on the canal. 
But this is out of my power, and I should, perhaps, 
lead the reader nearer the verge of incredulity, were 
I to oflTer my prediction what that number will be 
thirty years hence, the ordinary period of a mule's 
labour, and which will then be some years less than a 
single century since the prime mover and guardian 
of this stupendous undertaking, the present Governor 
(De Witt Clinton) of New York, first saw the light 
of Heaven. 

I cannot resist an impulse to exhibit the mule in one 
other point of view. For the movement of machinery^ 
the employment of this animal, when judiciously 
selected, has met with a most decided preference, in 
comparison with the horse, independent of the eco- 
nomy in using him. And if we consider the rapid 
and probably progressive increase of labour-saving 
machines, in every department where they can be 
made subservient to the requirements of society, it is 

• This estimate {three hundred and seventy.five dollars) is the 
maximum of expense for subsistence and other items, supposing 
lh« whole number of horses should be required for one boat ; but 
they will unquestionably be employed for a succession of other 
•joats. And should all the relays perform a tour on the line every 
day, the minimum of expense would be seventy-five dollars for each 
boat. Facts derived from further information may enable ur to hx 
Hit: medium 



evident that there will be a corresponding oemand foi 
animal power, as well as for that more potent, derived 
from the elements ; and although tne latter may vastly 
predominate, yet should thie horse be employed, and 
his increase for other purposes continue, as it now 
docs in the ratio of population, the number, at no very 
distant period, may become as alarming in our own, 
as it is at present in our mother country. And not- 
withstanding we may feel secure, from the extent ol 
our territory and extreme diversity of soil and climate, 
but, above all, from being in possession of Indian 
corn — the golden fleece found by our "pilgrim 
fathers,** when they first landed on these shores ; yet 
such peculiar advantages may not insure us against the 
visitations of one of the most distressing calamities 
that a feeling community can possibly be subjected to 
Brighton, Mass. May 27, 1825. 

II ,. 









EAinBS, SWIIVE, DOGS, &c. Ac. 







SiiiiniiiiiTiiunii"* mii^ 


1. The diseases of the horse are as numerous and as 
important as his complicated structure and the artl/i 
cial state of his present mode of Hfe would lead ono 
to expect. Until of late the treatment of these 
diseases was confined to the hands of ignorant farriers 
presumptuous grooms, or shoeing smiths ; and the fate 
of the animals was commensurate with the wretched 
treatment they were subjected to The estaDlishnicm 








'■■' i. ii 


of a scnool for the veterinary art, has disseminated ar 
improve i practice, and spread improved practitioners 
throughout the country ; and we would earnestly re- 
commend an application to one of established reputa- 
tion in all cases of difficulty and danger. But as it isr 
not always that such a one is within reach, to enable 
the agriculturalist to have in his own hands the means 
of informing himself, or to being a check to others, 
we submit a concise view of the diseases of the head, 
neck, trunk, and extremities, preceded by some general 


On the Healthy and Diseased State of the Horhe. 

2. Condition of Horses, — Being in condition, in stable language, 
•ignifioB not only perfect health internally, but such an appear- 
ance externally, as the philosopher would call unnatural, or at 
least artificial : while the amateur considers it as an essential requi- 
site to the other qualities of the horse. This external condition 
is denoted by a sleek, short, shining coat, with a degree of flesh 
neither bordering on fatness nor emaciation. Even in this sense of 
Ine term, condition must be varied according to the uses of the 
& limal. In the cart horse, provided there be a sleekness of coat, 
looseness of hide, sound wind, freedom from grease or swelled 
legs with good digestion ; a fulness and rotundity of bulk, instead 
of detracting from his beauty or impeding his exertions, will add 
to the one and assist the other. In the coach horse, the hackney, 
the hunter, and the racer, a different condition is expected, varying 
in different degrees from that of the cart horse. In both cart horse 
nnd racer, it is equally necessary that the various internal organs 
■houid bo in a state to act uninterruptedly for the benefit of th« 
whole ; but in addition to this, it ia necessary to the racer, ihat 
the greatest possible quantity of animal fibres should be condensed 
into the smallest possible bulk, and that the absorption of all 
useless fat and other interstitial matter should be promoted by every 
possible means, as essentially necessary to unite lightness of fcody 
with full strength and elasticity. It is in the attempts to produca 
tuch a state in its full perfection, that all the secrets of training 
cou^ist but whether a total departure from natural ru'es, by 

unnatural heat, deprivation of light, stimulating food, restraint 
from water, and excessive clothing, are best calculated to promote 
it, admits of much doubt ; and it is to be observed that the dawc 
of reason and science appears to be shining through the crevices of 
these darkened casements ; for even at Newmarket the system haa 
lately much relaxed from its artificial rigor. 

3. To bring a horse into condition^ not only should the purposes 
e is intended for be taken into account, but also his previous 

state. If he be taken up from prass with much flesh on hyni it it 
evident that what is required is to remove the soft instertitial mat- 
ter it may be supposed he has gained by green food, and to replace 
it by hard flesh ; and also to produce a sleekness of coat and beauty 
of appearance. To accomplish these ends, the horse should be 
arcustomed to clothing and the full heat of the stable by degrees 
only ; and also by degrees only to the meditated change of food ; 
which is best done by mashes. In two or three days a mild dose 
of physic may be given, during all which moderate exercise only 
should be allowed, as walking, but which may be continued two 
hours at a time. After the physic has set, begin to dress his coat, 
increase his exercise and his food, and accustom him to an inc^ase 
of warmth. In four or five days time again mash him for two days 
and give a second dose of physic, a little stronger than the first. 
(123) Afler this still further increase his warmth, his exercise, 
and his food, by which his belly will be taken up, his flesh will 
harden and his coat begin to fall. A third dose of physic or urine 
Vails, &.C. are only necessary in the training of hunters, &.c. and 
even in these, a gradual increase of exercise, rather long continued 
than violent, with proper food, will effect the end, if not so quickly, 
more beneficially to the animal. To bring a lean horse into condi. 
tiony a somewhat different plan should be pursued. If from grass, 
still mash him for a day or two, by no means stint him in his water, 
and with his mash let oats be also soaked. If oats be speared or 
malted, it will produce flesh sooner. But even here, give the horse 
moderate walking exercise, and if he be not too much reduced, add 
a mild dose of physic to prevent his heels flying, or his getting 
hide-bound by the increased food ; but if great emaciation forbid 
the physic, give him nightly an alterative. {Vet. Pharm, 129, No. l,\ 
As his appearance improves, gradually harden his food and increase 
his exercise. 

4. Diseased condition of horses. What has been already said 
rlateo to that alteration from one state to another, neither being an 





20 r 


iinlicaUl:/ ono, which custom has rendered necessary; thus a man 
in training for running or fighting, and a man out of training, are 
both considered equally healthy. But there are circumstances that 
vro^iuce a morbid state of condition diiferent from all ikeae* It is 
common to hear persons say *• my horse is sadly out of condition, 
and I cannot tell either what is the matter with him, or how to get 
him into better case." Various are the causes that may produce 
this: a sudden alteration of the food, or temperature, or of habits 
altogether, may become a cause. Removing a horse from grass to 
a heatQd stable, full feeding, and hard exercise, will oflen do it: 
therefore these changes should always be gradual. Bad food, as 
mow.burnt hay, musty oats, beans, &c., likewise mineral waters 
foul air, &C., are frequent causes. Diabetes, or profuse staling, 
is oflen brought on by these means, and the condition of the horse 
becomes greatly reduced. It is requisite, therefore, to enquire 
whether any of these errors are in existence, and to inunediately 
remove them : but it often happens that the stomach has become 
relaxed and the hide become bound; neither of which readily 
remove, even though the original evil may be amended. When the 
relaxed stomach has produced lampas, treat the mouth as described 
under that disease (25,) but the stomach itself must be principally 
attended to. — First mash and give a dose of physic ; after it has 
Bf»t, comn'ence the treatment, if the horse be of a full habit, by 
moderate bleeding and a nightly alterative. (Vet. Phann. 129, 
No, 1 or 2.) Buf if he be not in full, but in low flesh, commence 
by a daily tonic, {Vet, Pharm, 130, No. 1 or 2,) which will gradu 
ally remove the swelling within the mouth, and loosen the hide 
A sudden cold applied to the skin often brings on a want of con 
dition with surfeit. In which case, bleeding, with nightly altera, 
tive, (Vet. Pharm. 129, No, 1 or 2,) with or without an assistant 
dose of physic, as the habits of the horse may require, constitute 
the proper treatment. Worms form another cause of morbid con- 
dition which are to be removed as described (57.) Excessive fatigue 
is also productive of a bad state of condition, which often proves 
very obstinate. Turning out to very good grass is the quickest 
core, and when that is impracticable, soiling in the stable, or 
feeding with carrots, parsnips, beet root, &.c. will be food restora 
tives ; as medicines give tonics daily. (Vet. Pharm. 130, No. 1 or 2.) 
ft will be only necessary to add, that in considering the state of s 
!iorse*8 condition, the effect is apt to be mistaken for the cause, and 
the symptoms for the disease. Hidebound and lampas are not in 
iheniseUes any thing more than effects, or symptoms; the forn»<)i 
'•eiiig commonly, and the latter always dependent on a deranged 

sttte of the stomach: both are therefore to be treated accorarngly. 
Exactly the same will apply to all the other symptoms of tAo^bid 

Inflammatory Diseases of the Horse. 

5. TJie injlammatory diseases of the horse are nu- 
merous, but his fevers are few : a febrile state being 
generally brought on by the inflammation of some 
important organ. Inflammation may be considered as 
general or diflused, and local or confined, and both 
seem to arise from an affection of the blood vessels, 
and perhaps from a peculiar state of the blood itself. 

6. General or diffused inflammation constitutes fever 
or extensive inflammatory affection, and appears to 
consist in an increased action of the heart and arte- 
ries, accompanied vf\\h an increase of heat. In some 
instances where the fever is purely symptomatic, and 
dependent on the inflammation of some important 
organ, as the lungs, or the intestines, the circulation 
appears retarded rather than increased, from interrup- 
tion arising to its passage through the heart 

7. Local or confined inflammation is also dependent 
on an affection of the blood vessels, but confined prin- 
cipally to the blood vessels of the part afl^ected. It is 
betokened by redness in the skin, tumour or swelling, 
heat and tenderness, with pain. Inflammations, both 
diffused and local, are brought on by excitements, such 
as over feeding, excessive heal, reaction produced aftei 
cold, and the reaction produced by inordinate exertion. 
Those more exterior, arise from injuries, the appli- 
cation of improper substances, <fec. Inflammations 
terminate in various ways ; but it is to be remarked 
that in consequence of the very large circulatory 
system of the horse, liis febrile aflections rjige higher 






I I 



and terminate sooner tnan in man. The usual lei 
minalion of inflammatory affections in the horse, are 
by resolution, effusion, suppuration, and gangrene. 
Scirrhus is not at all a common termination of inflam- 
mation in the horse. 

8. Inflammation of the hrain^ (pkrentis) brain fever^ phrensy 
fever, staggers^ mad and sleepy. There are few diseases more 
likely to be niistakeri by inexperienced farriers than this j it is not 
to be wondered at, therefore, if indifferent persons should be led intu 
error by it. It appears in two forms, a violent frantic onCy and a 
sleepy lethargic one ; and the latter appearance is also common to a 
disease, not dependent as this is, on idiopathic inflammation of the 
biain ; but on a paralytic affection of the stomach, and thence it is 
called stomach staggers. This latter affection, however, may be 
distinguished from the former by attending to the colour of the eye- 
lids, nose linings, mouth, &c. which in stomach staggers are usually 
more yellow than red ; whereas in sleepy staggers, they are more 
red than yellow. Inflammationof the brain shews itself in general 
ca&es by disinclination to food and motion, drowsiness, accompanied 
by a heaviness and closing of the eyelids, with moisture and red- 
aess of them ; and also of the linings of the mouth and nose. 
Sometimes these symptoms increase, until the horse becomes 
comatose, and after a few frightful struggles, sinks to rise no more. 
In these cases the pulse is apt to be oppressed instead of in- 
creased. But most frequently after the first stages he become* 
furious, plunges about, and is vicious to himself and others, ap 
proaching to a state of madness, in which state he continues till 
he sinks from his own exertions, when he rises again to renew his 

9. The cause of staggers may be various: the immediate aro 
either an original accumulation of blood within the brain, or the 
translation of the inflammation of some organ to the brain: as a 
remote cause is oft«n brought on by too full feeding, without suf 
licient exercise, and particularly in horses at one time working 
very hard, and at another suffered to remain inactive ; but which 
horses, whether used or not, are equally fed. Sudden cold, vro- 
liiice, &.C. may bring it on. 

10 llie treatment of staggers should be begun by abstracting 
c *«rv large Quantity of blood promptly, by opening l>otl. juguUrs, 

and letting the horse bleed to the amount of ten or erc/A twelve 
quarts; repeating the same until the delirium ce«*0os. Alter th« 
first bleeding, back rake, throw up a laxative clyster, {Vet 
Pharm. 143.) blister the head, promote a current ot free air in thd 
stable, and treat altogether as directed under other febrile in* 

11. Locked jawt stag-evil, or tetanus, arises from cold, exca«riT9 
fatigue, sometimes perhaps from worms, but more often from a 
wound of some part, as pricks in shoeing, &,c. Such wound is 
seldom in a recent state ; but after two or three weeks continuance, 
sometimes after it has healed even : it follows docking, gelding 
and nicking frequently; and is preceded by a flabby unhealthy 
state of the wound. It appears as an aflfection of the brain, which 
transmits its morbid irritation, particularly to the nerves attached 
to muscles, by which they become cramped, or may be considered 
as in a high state of action, giving the horse a peculiar look of 
energy, as though immediately stopped from ftiii speed ; with his 
nostrils extended, his head raised, and his nose carried forward ; 
his legs straddle wide, and his tail is cocked and quivers, as after 
violent exercise. The jaws will now be found, if not closed, yet 
nearly so, when he is called jato set* 

12. The treatment is not often successful, Sut, however, it if 
sufficiently frequent that it is so, to deserve the utmost attention 
Blaine informs us that enormous bleedings have succeeded ; but 
he places his principal dependence on the application of cold by 
means of ice, or of constant dashing with cold water, with an active 
blister applied the whole length of the spine. Balls of camphor 
and opium, to the amount of two drachms each, may be give© 
every three hours. If any room remain in the mouth, the ball 
may be passed up by means of a stick, or it may be given as a drink 
by means of a syringe, and even when the mouth is entirely 
closed, he informs us we may give a drink by the nostrils. Moor- 
croft used cold also. Fearon, on the contrary, has experienced 
benefit from a bath, heated to ninety degrees, and kept at that 
temperature for three hours. White recommends camphor and 
opium ; Wilkinson of Newcastle, has been very successful by 
•teeping up heat and stimulus over the skin in general, by means 
of newly stripped sheep skins put on hot. Perhaps if the body 
vere previously rubbed with oil of turpentine one pan, and common 
oil two parts, it might assist Wilkinson's plan. When locked 
aw arises from nicking, it might be prudent for a vetorinarv 





Bur^on to dissect down on the nerves of the tail, and divide 
them ; and when from nicking, it would be advisable to cut oil 
another portion of the tail, which practices in both instances would 
afford a moderate chance of saving the animal. It is necessary 
further to remark, that it is of great consequence that the bowels 
be kept free from fcBces, by raking and clysters. With regard te 
the latter they are very important in this disease, as a medium, 
commonly the only one, of giving support. A horse has been 
kept alive on nourishing clysters alone, for seven or eight days. 
{Vet, Pharm. 145.) 

13. Catarrhal fever ^ epidemic catarrh^ infiuenza^ distemper , cold 
morfounderingj j'C. These names apply to one common disease 
which often in rainy, variable seasons appears as an epidemic, 
and affects thousands of horses at once. It is observed to be par 
ticularly prevalent in this form in the spring of some years, more 
than of others. It is not contagious like the more malignant form, 
but is brought on as an epidemic by the same causes being applied 
to nearly all subjects alike ; which are alterations of heat with 
cold, moisture, and dryness, &c. In crowded cities and large 
towns, it is more prevalent than in more open situations, and it 
K more frequently found in the young than in aged horses. Wnere 
rt does not exist as an epidemic, it is brought on by an accidental 
cold taken. It is of great consequence to distinguish it from pure 
inflammation of the lungs, with which it is very apt to be con- 
founded ; and which mistake is often a fatal one, from the treat- 
ment being in some essential particulars different. Inflammation 
of the lungs commences by a short cough, without much other 
disturbance to the health, than the pain it gives the horse to cough, 
but which is often so considerable as to make him stamp his feei 
while coughing. If a horse in the distemper coughs early, it is not 
a hollow, harsh sounding, and distressing cough of this kind — il 
he expresses uneasiness, it is principally from a sore throat, which 
is very common in distemper, but by no means common in 
pneumonia. The sore throat in distemper gives the horse a dii 
position to refuse his food, or he chews it and lets the quid fal 
witnout swallowing it. He refuses water, particularly if it bs 
placed on the ground; his cough is quick, short, and usually 
tounds more moist than harsh and dry; but though common, thii 
is not mvanably the case ; his eyes are heavy and moist, his breath m« 
IS quickened, and his ears and legs are alternately hot and cold 
His nose on looking »nto it is redder than usual, and sometime 
9IS gland« *» well submaxillary or jaw glands, as his parotid o 

vives are tumefied. On the second or third day, excessive weakness 
comes on ; the cough becomes more painful, the pulse is quick, 
ened, and the nose begins to run. After which the horse oithet 
runs off the disease by this suppuration, or it goes on to destroy 
him by the height of the fever, and degree of weakness produced 
or by suffocation from water in the chest. Now and then, although 
"pcovery takes place, an obstinate cough is left ; and in a few cases 
he disease terminates in glanders. 

14. The treatment may in some cases be cut very shoxt , fVi at 
in almost every instance a shivering flt begins the disease, so when 
many horses are in a stable, and the disease is very prevalent, 
those who have not been attacked should be watched, and the 
moment such an attack does take place, give of sweet spirit of 
nitre f or when not at hand of spirit of hartshorn^ an ounce, in a pint 
of sound ale. Exercise the horse briskly, then well hand rub 
him, clothe him warmly; and it is more than probable that the 
disease will be cut short. But should it proceed, or should the 
disease have gone on unobserved to the appearance of the symp. 
torn detailed, begin by bleeding moderately, if the horse be not 
already weak; or if there have not appeared the running of matter 
from the nose. If there have, the bleeding had better be dispensed 
with, unless the fever appoir, from the quick full pulse and red. 
ness of the inner surface of the nostrils and eyelids, to be still 
so considerable as to require it ; in which case we must not be 
deterred from one moderate bleeding; and which, if the febrile 
symptoms do not abate, may be even repeated. It will, however, 
in general cases, be advisable to avoid bleeding after the second 
day of the attack, or after the running has appeared from the nose, 
or after considerable weakness has come on. In all cases a very 
cool temperature is essentially requisite ; hot stables, or hot clothing 
are very pernicious, but particularly the former. A hood is not 
improper over the head, because it encourages the running to 
make an early appearance ; and for this reason a warm mash may 
advantageously be hung round the neck three or four times a 
iiiy* Before the running commences, give night and morning, 
the fever powder (Vet, Pharm, 157, No, 1 or 2.) in a mash oi 
drink ; after the running has come on, or as soon as the weakness 
has become considerable, give night and morning either of the 
fever drinks (Vet. Pharm, 158, No. 3 or 4.) Malt mashes, when 
the weakness is great, are proper; at other times, bran mashea 
with pl-^nty of chilled water are best. To relieve the throat, ruu 
»he outside with iniid liquid plaster, {Vet, Pharm, i42,) and 'f th» 
weather be warm enough to jillow it, two or three hours tuininf 


It ,: I ■ 









out in a ficid each day in proper. Green meat in the stable, wti«>»> 
it can be procured, should likewise be given. 

15. Malignant epidcviicy murrain^ or pest. Now and the' the dis- 
temper or induenza assumes a character of uncommon malignance, 
which is happily not frequent here, but not unfrequent in conti. 
nuntal countries, sweeping off a third of the horses and kine, 
without any means being found sufficient to arrest its progress. 
In these cases it is found highly contagious, attacking almost all 
the horses as well as cattle within its sphere of action, or which 
communicate with each other. Dr. Layard, and Osmer, English 
writers of established reputation, noticed the appearances •f tliis 
disease long ago ; and their descriptions are not different from the 
milder kind noticed (13) but in degree. The throat is intensely 
Boro, and the mouth ulcerated ; the glands of the head swell, and 
sometimes these and other parts suppurate and burst. The matter 
from the nose is bloody, and the stench intolerable ; the weakness 
16 also peculiarly great, and shows itself early. 

16. The treatment recommended by Blaine is the early use of 
malt mashes ; even ale is indispensable. Green meat should be 
allowed, and a very cool stall is necessary, having a free commu. 
nication with the open air. As medicine, three doses are necessary, 
every day, of the malignant epidemic fever drink, (Vet, Ph. 160.; 
half a pint of yeast with a pint of ale has been given, with good 
effect, three times a day ; also, to prevent the infection from spread- 
ing, fumigate t'u«3 stables and all the outhouses with the preventive 
fumigation. {Vet, Ph, 161.) 

Diseases of the Head. 

17. Epilepsy, megrims, sturdy, or turnsick, are epileptic attacks 
of greater or less violence, and which are apt to be confounded 
with the accidental strangulation that sometimes takes place from 
a collar too tight, or from driving a horse hard up hill, &,c. The 
epileptic fit makes its appearance by a sudden stop ; if the honw 
be in action he shakes his head, looks wild and irresolute, but after 
•ome time proceeds ; when more violent, he suddenly falls down, 
is convulsed, dungs and stales insensibly, and remains some time 
l»efore he recovers. This disease, like staggers, is generally the 
consequence of two full a habit ; and is, therefore, beet relieved by 
bleeding, and a more moderate diet; and, where it is convenient, 
« run at grass should be allowed to alter the habit 

18 The diseases of the horse*s eyes are not numerous, but they 
■ro very destructive. The principal are opthalmia and gutla 

Ij). The opthalmia, lunatic, or moon-blindness, is a very peculiar 
disease among horses, affecting their eyes generally about thrif 
full growth, but sometimes later, and seldom earlier. It is but 
ittle known among mules and asses, and unknown in oxen and 
sheep. It does not, however, appear to be a disease natural to 
the horse, as wild, or even horses subjected to artificial restraints 
•re not observed subject to it. But among others, it is become sc 
common as to have the tendency handed down in the breed ; the 
progeny of some stallions being more prone to it than others. — 
It »e often very sudden in its attack, the eyelids being found 
P!v\ elled and almost closed to avoid the light ^they are also very 
red within, and the haw is half drawn over the surface ; the tears 
dow down the face perpetually, and the whole head is hot ; now and 
then these appearances come on gradually. The suddenness of tho 
ittack makes the complaint to be attributed to accident, as blows, 
nay seeds within the eye, &.c. and it is frequently difficult to get 
the owner of such a horse to believe that a constitutional attack, 
a» it usually ie, can come on so suddenly. Sometimes as it comes 
on, so it goes off as quickly, the eye from being opaque and milky, 
m twenty four hours becoming clear and almost well. When siicli 
an attack has taken place, even if nothing be done, the horse 
♦ooner or later amends, and tho eye or eyes, for it is sometimes 
one and sometimes botli that are so attacked, become again clear 
And well, and remain so an indefinite period, from five or six weeks 
Jo as many months. Another attack, however, sooner or later 
follows, to which others succeed, each leaving increased milkiness 
on the outer coats, and some dimness within the pupil, either speck- 
like or diffused ; and finally the horse becomes blind from cataract. 
When one eye goes blind totally before the other, it is often a 
nieane of preventing the future attack on the remaining one; 
which has given rise to a custom of putting out one eye to savo 
tlie other, and which has succeeded. As this is a constitutional 
disease, brought on by artificial habits, as over exertion, close 
unhealthy confinement, and heating food ; so it is clear the abstrac- 
tion of all these are necessary to remove the complaint, ami t<i 
prevent a recurrence ; but particularly the close, dark, and unven 
lilated state of the stable should be attended to, as well as the 
removal of the litter, which retains tho volatile alkali of the urine, 
•nd irritates the eyes most injuriously. The food should be mild 
and cooling, and the exercise moderate but long continued. Under 
the height of the attack, however, rest is advisable, with moderate 
liirht, whi.^h may be still further moderated by keeping over tlie 
Rye or eyes a thick cloth, wet with goulard water. (Vet. Ph. I.'>4.'. 
^Jniotimos one quarter of vinegar to three quarters of water hajr 







been found a useful application, and which ever is used, the eyrm 
and cyehT«W8 should be kept continually wet with it, which hj 
exciting evaporation will keep the part cool. A seton may Iki 
introduced under the eye or jaw. In some cases, blistering the 
forehead or cheek is found useful; but in every instance bleeding 
is proper, which should be repeated until the disease lessens 
When the horse is very full and gross, physic and alteratives assist 
llie cure. When blistering is used in any part near the eye, the 
greatest care is requisite to prevent the blistering matter from being 
rubbed into it. 

20. Outta Serena or glass eyes, so called from the peculiar 
glassy appearance of the eye, arise from a paralysis of the optic 
nerve. As the eye is not materially altered in appearance, a horse 
often becomes blind without its being noticed, until his cautious 
stepping, quick motion of his ears, &c. give notice of the case.— 
On examination it will be found that the pupil remains dilated, 
however great the light, and the eye is irrecoverably lost. In the 
very early stages, blisters to the forehead and stimulants to tho 
eyes, (as white vitriol a drachm, water four ounces,) may be tried, 
but with faint hopes of success. 

21. Poll-evil This complaint commonly requires tlie attend. 

ance of an experienced practitioner— but the prevention is often in 

/.he power of owners and others about horses, and to this point 

we shall particularly direct their attention. Poll-evil is commonly 

the effect of accident. Repeated small blows of the manger, or 

continued pressure from hanging back on the halter, A c. will, if 

not remedied, produce swelling at the nape of the neck, with 

some tenderness. In this early state, if the collar be removed 

and the part be kept continually wet with vinegar and water, the 

swelling will often disperse— but if, in spite of this, it proceeds 

to suppuration, let a vent be made for the matter by a seton [11(>] 

■o that it may readily flow out. Introduce nothing healing, but • 

incourage a free discharge, and it may heal at once. When such 

» not the issue, the disease attacks the ligaments ; sinuses form 

and the matter burrows under the skin and muscles, whew 9 

seton must be introduced from the opening above and should b* 

brought out at the bottom ; the seton should be then daily wetted 

with the liquid blister. {Vet. Pharm. 141.) Should this plan fiiil, 

esc.harotics will be required in the form of scalding mixture. {Vet 

I' harm. 165.) 

•22. St, angles, vives or ives. This disease has been likened tc 
U.e human measles, because it usually atUcks every hone, and 

niogl of them at a young period, between three and five years ; it 
IS fortunate when it attacks colts at grass, as it seldom occasions 
mconvenience, and which has led some persons into error by 
turning their horses out as soon as attacked ; but it is not found 
tliat stabled horses, thus turned out, pass through the disease more 
mildly, but the contrary, except the disease exists under its mildest 
form. White has conjectured that colts breeding the strangles 
V hile at grass, are afterwards exempt from glanders, but this wants 
confirmation. Prosser has also affirmed, that inoculation by the 
matter of strangles, is good, because it mitigates the complaint, and 
renders the horse not liable to any future attack ; but the practice 
has never gained ground : when strangles occurs in the stable, and 
now and then in the field, it proves a severe disease, and shows 
itielf under the appearance of a cold, with cough, sore throat, and 
swelling of the glands under the jaw, or behind and under the ears. 
Sv ine times there is not much external swelling, and the tumours 
oreak inwardly, and nature effects a cure ; at others they break 
outwardly, and the disease runs off that way, and some times tlie 
swellings disperse either by nature or art, which breeders tiiink 
unfavourable, as they suppose it renders the animal liable to a future 
attack ; but many so treated, pass the remainder of their lives 
ivithout more affection. 

23. The treatment of Strangles. When the swelling Imgers, 
and neither comes forward or recedes, poultices are preterablc to 
fomentations, which, by leaving the horse wet, promote evapora 
tion and produce cold. Peal recommends blistering the part, as 
tlo best means of promoting suppuration. The horse should be 
kept very cool, and bran mashes with warm water should be his 
principal support, unless the complaint lasts long, and produces 
/nuch weakness, when malt mashes should be substituted ; bleeding 
is only advisable when the early symptoms are violent, as heaving 
at the flanks, extreme soreness of throat, with much swelling around 
it, and considerable cough, in which case bleeding, and fever medi 
ciaes are proper. 

24. Vives, or ives, is supposed to he a relic of the latter com 
phint, and it does appear now and then that after uie strangles, tho 
parotid or vive glands do remain enlarged [24,] which occasions tfie 
disease in question, resolution may be attempted by mercurial fi ic- 
'.ions, suppuration should be avoided, otherwise the gland may tie 

25. Disemses of the month, lampass. All horses, but particularly 
verv young ones, are liable to enlargement of the rugno or r JLwm 





of tlie f alate, tloi»endent not on any local dipease confined to tn« 
part itself, but occasionally by an affection of tlie whole pasBuge o 
the mi uth, throat, and stomach. It is usual to attend to tho pai 
only, which is sacrificed or burnt to little purpose, when a mild dose 
of physic, or gentle alteratives, would prove more certain exprdu 
eiits ; to which may be added rubbing the part with bay salt, :>r 
with vinegar. 

26. Bridle sorea. When the bit in colt breaking, or in hard 
pulling horses, has hurt the bars, care is requisite to prevent the 
bono becoming carious. Touch daily with ajgyptiacum, and cover 
llio bit with leather, unless total rest can be allowed. 

27. The teeth, which present themselves on the lower parts of 
the jaws, are the incisive and canine. The two front incisives are 
properly called nippers or gatherers. The two next adjoining 
separators or middle teeth, and the outer, the corners; but it 
would be more indefinite to say the first, second, and third inci. 
sives, beginning at the comer. Tusks or tushes occujiy a part of 
the intermediate space between the incisive and grinding teeth. — 
The teeth, as criteria of age, will be seen by reference to Mason, 
(page 72.) 

The teeth of the horse are the hardest and most compact bones 
of the body. There are usually •forty of them in the horse, and. 
there are thirty-six in the mare; in which latter, the tushes are 
usually wahting. In anatomical language, they are ^divided into 
incisoresy cuspidati, and molar es, or according to the language of 
firricrs and horsemen, into twelve nippers, four tushes, and twenty- 
four grinders, which numbers are equally divided between the two 
jaws. The teeth are received into indentations or sockets between 
the bony plates of the jaw, called alveoli, by cone-like roots. Tho 
bodies of the teeth are principally composed of two substances, 
one of the nature of common bone, giving bulk and form, and one 
of extreme hardness, placed in man and carnivorous animals wholly 
without the teeth to give strength and durability : but the horse and 
other granivrosB, the latter particularly, is placed in the grinder*, 
in perpendicular plates, withm the body of the teeth; by which 
contrivance, a rough grinding surface is kept up ; for the mer« 
oony parts wearing faster than the lamellae of enamel, it followi 
Jiiil ridges remain to triturate the vegetable matter that passes be 
.ween the teeth. 

There are two sets of teeth, a tomporaneons or milk set, and a 
jennanent or adult set, ir. which wise urovision, man and moit 

Di ites participate. The miik set are some of them, as the molars, 
•{>^rent at birth; there being usually six grinders in each jaw, 
thi e on each side in the new born foal, and which number of thih 
set ni never increased. The nippers begin to appear soon atlor 
birtk, arid follow a regular order of succession, until the animal is 
three *r four months old ; at which time he begins to require 
support from herbage as well as milk. The temporaneous set re- 
move gradually one after another ; had they all been displaced at 
4ie sam* time, or even had several of them fallen out together, the 
inimal ntxist have suffered great inconvenience, and perhaps have 
>een starved. This removal, which commences at the age of two 
fOdiTB and « half, and is completed between the fourth and fifth 
/ear, is effeoved by the action of the absorbents on their fangs, an<l 
Appears to h^ occasioned by the stimulus of the pressure received 
from the growing teeth under them. For although these two sets 
appear with an interval of some years between them ; yet the rudi- 
nicnts of both «re formed at nearly the same period, and both sets 
may be thus swsn in a dissected jaw. Regulated by the stimulus 
of necessity, as soon as the temporaneous set falls out, the perma. 
nent appears : «nd that such appearance follows the necessity, is 
evident ; for a premature or accidental removal of the colts* teeth 
is soon followed by the appearance of the others. Dealers and 
breeders aware of this, draw the milk teeth to make their colts 
•appear as horses. It was necessary there should be two sets uf 
teeth, for as they grow slowly in proportion to the jaws, so han 
there been but one only, the disproportion of growth between tho 
teeth and jaws must have separated them. 

The forms of the teeth vary more than their structure. The inci 
sive or nippers are round, which is favourable for the pressure they 
undergo ; the upper more so than the lower. On the upper surface 
a hollow is seen in the young tooth, which, not extending through 
the whole substance, naturally wears out with the wear of the tooth ; 
md as a considerable degree of regularity occurs in this wearing * 
I ivay in all horses, it has gradually settled into the general criterion 
jfage. The nippers are not all of them exactly similar; the corner 
eeth differ most in being exactly triangular, and in having an 
nterval wall or side, which does not become level with the rest until 
.ong after the others. The cuspidate tusks or tushes are permanent, 
appearing at about five years, or rather earlier ; those in the front 
(aw are usually nearer the nippers than those below. Each pre- 
sents a slight curve, which follows the direction of all the canine 
or |/ugnatory teeth of other mammalia. The pointed exlremitv 
wears away by age, leaving merely a buttoned piocess, which mav 






^erve n» a guide to the age, when the horsu ^ *>««p«>otccl to b« 
iHslioped, OS it is called, from a man of that naine vno\*a8 peculiarly 
dexterous in imitating on old teeth the distincuve o-ivity of youth 
The molar or grinding teeth are stronger in the upper than in thii 
lower jaw ; which wan necessary, as they form the fixed point in 
the process of grinding. The upper surface presents nearly a long 
square, indented from the alteration t»f the enamel with the bony 
portions; and as the interior or upper teeth hang over the posterior. 
«o the ridges of the one set are received into the depressions of the 

Wear of the teeth. The teeth, in a state of nature, would probably 
present a surface opposed to each other for mastication to the latest 
period of the most practised life ; but the removal of the animal 
rrom moist food to that which is hard and dry, must occasion an 
unnatural wear in those organs ; and hence, although the teeth of 
the horse, even in a domesticated state, are not subjr-ct to the caries 
of the human ; yet the grinders are liable to become thus injured 
by continued exertion. In the young or adult horse, the upper and 
under grinders do not meet each other horizontally ; on the con- 
trary, they have naturally an inclination obliquely inwards, and 
tliose of the upper jaw present small spaces between each other, 
while those of the lower are more continuous . by which moans as 
the food, but particularly as interrupted portions, as grain, become 
ground, they fall into the mouth to be replaced under the grinding 
surface, if necessary, by the joint action of the tongue and muscles 
of the cheek. This arrangement becomes in a great measure frus. 
trated in old horses, by the superior wear of the inner surface of 
tlie upper grinders, as well as by the general misapplication of the 
surfaces of both upper and under teeth, by constant attrition when 
worn down to the gums nearly. The unfortunate animal feels 
sensible of this, and endeavours to remedy it by throwing the wear 
on the outer edge, by an inclination of the lower jawvr and of the 
' head in general ; and which is so particular in its appearance as to 
engage the attention of the by-standers. This defect may be in a 
considerable degree remedied by casting the animal, and having 
opened and wedged the mouth so as to keep it so, with a well tern- 
oerea concave file to remove the inequality as much as may be. 
When the defect is considerable, and the horse is mild and quiet, it 
is better to file the inequalities every day, which will gradually but 
fctrcctually wear them down. It however happens, that the inclina- 
:jon thus* to wear is commonly resumed, and gradually the same 
Ifiss of nutriment takes place ; in which case, soft moist food, as 
ta.roi8. mashea, .oiling, or grazing, must be substituted to/ liardei 

nib'tances. End if corn be actually necessary, let it be bruised 
VV henever an old horse betrays symptoms of want of condition, o. 
weakness and emaciation, that neither his mode of feeding nor hi« 
ratio of work will account for, and particularly if whole grains 
should be found in his dung, his teeth should be examined care- 
fully. This undue wearing of the teeth occasions another evil otlen, 
which is ulceration of the cheeks, by reason of the projecting ragged 
turface of the uneven teeth, which can only be remedied by tiie 
removal of such portions. These projecting portions are called b} 
farriers, wolve*a teeth. 

Diseases oftlie Neck. 

28. Fistulous withers are brought on usually by pressure from u 
sa'ldle with too low or narrow a tree, and what has been said both 
witii regard to prevention and cure on the subject of polLevil, ap. 
plies here also. (116.) 

29. Sore throat is common to horses in colds, in influenzas, and 
in strangles. (13, 22.) In every case, the horse finds great difficulty 
in reaching every thing that stretches his neck downwards or up- 
wards, his water therefore should be held to him, and his hay should 
ho pulled for him ; omission of these services greatly aggravates 
the sufferings of horses labouring under sore throat. 

30. Swelled Neck, A very serious swelling sometimes follows 
on bleeding with a rusty or poisoned lancet, or fleam, and some, 
times from causes not apparent. (126.) 

The Chest. 

31. Injlammation of the lungs, is a disease to which 
the horse is peculiarly Hable, as we might a prion 
suspect, from the vast dimensions of his circulatory 
system, and the vast alteration from a natural state to 
which we subject him, and thereby increase his pul- 
monary circulation. 

32. The causes are these deviations remctely, but the imn:e(! ar^ 
attack is generally brought on by sudden cold, acting on a heated 
aiirface, and thus it is that knackers, and collar makers in frosty 
*v Gather expect a glut of horses that die from this disease. Hard 
riding is a very common cause, and high feeding also ; it often 
commences slowly ; a hard dry cough has been slightly noticeo, \nu 






occa«ioning no alarm for two or three days ; ^adually, however 
the cough appears to ^ve the horse pain ; he occasionally shivers 
and his ears and feet feel colder than the rest of his body, he heaves 
at the flanks, and the lining of his nose is inflamed, and his eyelids 
also ; the appetite now becomes aflected and although there is not 
much apparent pain, except when the horse coughs ; yet there is 
much anxiety of countenance present. The pulse is usually small, 
but quick ; if in this state the horse be taken out and exercised 
quickly, it is almost always fatal to him ; it likewise happens that 
this complaint is sometimes mistaken for distemper, and from a fear 
of profuse bleeding, the only remedy that is to be depended on, is 
omitted, and the horse is lost. At the veterinary college, in these 
cases, a small dose of aloes is given every six hours, and after being 
bled and rowelled, the horse is turned out in the open air ; and it 
is affirmed that many recover from this treatment. Certain it is, 
iliat the stable in which a horse is placed in this disease can hardly 
be too cool ; but when entirely turned out, his feet and legs cannot 
conveniently be hand-rubbed, or bandaged up to promote circula- 
tion ; neither can we blister a horse when turned out, so conve- 
niently ; and on blistering we depend as the second source of cure 

33. The treatment is to be commenced- by attempts at lessening 
the action of the arterial system by early and large bleedings, as 
seven or eight quarts from a large horse, and which should be re- 
peated in five or six hours if he be not relieved in his breathing. 
Immediately rub into the brisket, on the chest, and behind the fore 
legs, the blister. {Vet. Pha. 138, No. 1.) Give half a dose of physic, 
and assist it by mashes and warm water, which if not readily taken, 
horn down. Back-rake also, and throw up the laxative clyster. 
{Vet. Pha. 143.) Avoid all exercise, clothe moderately, allow a free 
circulation of cool air through the stable, and rub the legs frequ'jntly, 
and wirn not under this process, keep them bandaged up to the 
knees, with hay bands, or woollen cloths. The terminations of 
this complaint are various. It is not uncommon for the horse to 
appear better, to eat and to drink, and to excite every hope of a 
perfect recovery ; but on some sudden exertion he falls down and 
expires. On examination after death, it is found that effusion of a 
large quantity of serous fluid has taken place in the chest. 

34 Thick wind is another termination of pneumonia \j leaving 
\he bronchial passages charged with coagulated blood. Moderate 
exercise and soiling in the stable with mild mercurial physic, form 
the best modes of treatment, but it frequently happens tha the 
rougn resists all these and terminates in broken wind. 

35. Rearing is also a termination of pneumonia^ in which caao 
Che lungs are not aflected, but congealed blood, under the name ut 
coagulable lympli, remains in the trachea or windpipe, and obstructs 
i)iQ tree passage of the air ; by means of which the roaring noise i» 
made. It is in vain to expect a cure : blistering the throat some, 
times slightly relieves it. 

36. Chronic cough is also a termination of pneumonia^ and ap 
f»ears dependent on a peculiar irritability the disease leaves in tho 
bronchial passages, which are found afterwards incapable of bearing 
any sudden alteration of temperature ; thus horses with this kmd of 
cough are excited to it as soon as the stable door opens, and by 
every exertion, by drinking, by eating, and in fact by any thing 
that alters the situation of the body, or is new to the part. But 
besides pneumonia or inflammation of the lungs producing it, it is 
often brought on likewise by gross feeding, which, weakening the 
stomach, impoverishes the blood, and thus injures the lungs which 
are fed by that blood. Worms also by the same means are a cause 
uf chronic cough. It is thus that we expect to derive benefit by 
mediums acting on the stomach. Green food is often found useful, 
but particularly carrots. The hay should be excellent in quality 
and small in quantity ; and it will be found that soiling in the 
•table, but particularly a course of carrots, forms a better plan of 
treatment than turning out. If worms be suspected, treat as under 
that head. [57.] Formulaa of chronic cough balls are seen in the 
Vet. Pharm. [148.] 

37. Broken wind is also sometimes brought on by pneumonia^ and 
sometimes by occult causes. It is often occasioned by over exer- 
tion after full meals, in which the lifngs become permanently 
weakened, perhaps ruptured in their air cells. Inexperienced per- 
sons find some difficulty in detecting broken wind from other chest 
aiTections, as chronic cough, occasional colds, &lc, &c. 

38. Criteria of broken wind. The cough which accompanies 
Droken wind, is a short, deep, hollow, grunting noise, and the shorl 
grunting expiration is peculiarly excited by turning a horse quickly 
round, striking him smartly with a stick at the same time, which 
)rten produces a deep sound without the cough ; and which is so 
significant as nevei to be mistaken when once heard and attended 
to. but the principal peculiarity arises from the beating of the 
flanks, which operate rather by throe eflforts than two as usual 
!n the first, tho air is drawn in, in the usual manner, and the flanks 
nil up an in common ; but in tho next, the falilrg of the daiikb 10 

•' 1 







by no moans ni^ural, for it is not done by a gradual sinking of th€ 
fides, but it takes place at once, with a kind of a jerk, as thougn 
the norse were sighing ; and then a third effort takes place by a 
more slow drawing up of the muscles of the belly and flanks, tt 
press out the remaining air. Broken wind destroys the fecundity 
of the mare, and hence argues permanent alteration of structure ; it 
18 also always incurable, but horses may be rendered very useful 
that have it, by feeding them very nutritiously, but with food much 
condensed in bulk. Little hay should be allowed, and that little 
should be wet ; water in any other way should be given but spa- 
ringly, for which they are however very greedy ; from which circum- 
stance, as well as that they are peculiarly flatulent, we learn, that 
the vitiation of the lungrf is either aggravated by the deranged state 
of the digestive organs ; or, which is more probable, that the diges. 
tive powers become weakened from the state of the lungs. 

39. Diseases of the belly. Inflamed stomach seldom attacks the 
horse as an idiopathic aflfection, but it is not unfrequent for the 
stomach to become inflamed by mineral poison as well as rendered 
inert by vegetable ones. 

40. Mineral poisons inflame the stomach acutely, and produce 
excessive distress, and cold sweats; the animal lies down, rolls, 
gets up again, looks short round to his ribs, stamps with his fore 
feet, and his pulse beats quick and short. When arsenic or corro- 
sive sublimate have occasioned the malady, a viscid mucus distils 
from the nose and mouth, and the breath is fcetid. When copper 
in the form of vitriolic salts, or verdigris has been given, to the 
foregoing symptoms are usually added ineffectual attempts to vomit. 
Immediately after the poison is discovered, pour down two ounces 
of sulphuretted potash, in a quart of water; or in tlie absence of 
that, an ounce of common potash in the same quantity of water : 
or, when no better substitute is at hand, even strong soap suds are 
advisable. Mineral poisons have also another mode of acting, and 
■re often received into the constitution, neither by design to do 
niiichief, nor by mistake, but are purposely given as remedies.— 
In this way, ooin mercury and arsenic are frequently given for 
worms, glanders, farcy, 6lc. in daily doses, uhich, when even of 
considerable magnitude, occasion for many days no inconvenience ; 
1.L at onre, however, the constitution becomes fully saturated with 
the poison, and although before diff'used throughout the blood, it 
now appears to return and act on the stomach to the great surprise 
ot the owner. In these cases the symptoms are not usually so 
i'>«l*Mit as in the former instance, but they are equally fatal. \ 



similar treatment with the one already prescribed is necessary, anil 
as soon as the first symptoms are abated, give laxatives. In tiil 
these cases large quantities of linseed tea should be horned down, 
the back sliould be raked and clysters thrown up, blood should also 
oe taken away plentifully. As a preventive to this latter mode oi 
poisoning, wlienever mineral agents are used, it is prudent every 
five or six days to stop a while, .and then recommence, by which 
ihe constitution will part with the previous quantity. 

41. Salivation it also another mode of poisoning, and though not 
equally injurious to the stomach, it often proves distressing, and 
sometimes fatal. Whenever, therefore, mercurials are given, care, 
fully watch the gums, and as soon as they look red, and the horse 
quids his hay, give him a mild purge instead of his mercurial. 

42. Vegetable poisons also inflame the stomach, but by no means 
in an equal degree with the mineral poisons, nor is it supposed that 
it is the inflammation they raise that proves destructive, but by an 
effect communicated through the stomach to the nervous system. 
Digitalis purpurea or foxglove, taxus baccata or yew, ainanthe 
erocata or water dropwort, cicuta virosa or water hemlock, phellan. 
drium aquaticum or water parsley, conium maculatum or comni<)n 
hemlock, are all poisonous in a high degree to horses, and may be 
taken accidentally by the animal as food, or given injudiciously as 
medicine. Nicotiana, or tobacco, and the vegetable acid of vinegar, 
are also poisonous, and are sometimes productive of injurious con- 
sequences by over-doses, when intended as remedies. It is little 
known that a pint of strong vinegar has destroyed a horse. As we 
cannot remove the matters from the stomach, we must endeavour 
to neutralize their eflTects, by acids and (femulcents, as oil, butter, 
&c. Thus, when narcotics have been taken, a drachm of sul. 
|>huric acid or oil of vitriol may be given in a quart of ale ; or six 
ounces of vinegar, with six of gin, and a quart of ale, may be tried. 

43. Stomach staggers. This peculiar complaint, which is even 
vet but little understood, appears dependent on a particular stat« 
or stomach, acting on particular foods ; and not on what is taken 
in, acting on the stomach, as was supposed' by Coleman, Whita. 
and others. From later communications of White, ho also now ap 
fiears to consider it as originating in •* a particular state of stomach.* 
Blaine apjiears always to have characterized it as * a specific inflam 
i'iation of the Htomach." It appears among horses of every descrip. 
lion, and :it grass as well as in the stable, and there is reason l» 
^U\nk it epifleiitic, as it is prevalent in some seasoiis more tha« 








in others. It may, perhaps, be regarded now ana then as ennemio 
Also; under which circumstance it appears confined to low wel 
situations, where long marshy grass is abundant, and where noxious 
aquatic plants mix themselves with the grasses. When it occurs 
at grass, the horse is found stupidly dull, or asleep with his head 
rostmg against something. This has occasioned the disease to 
be calUd the sleepy staggers, and it has often been confounded with 
the phrenitis or inflammation of the brain. (8.) In the stable the 
horse dozes, and rests his head in the manger; he then walks up 
and falls to eating, which he continues to do until the distention of 
the stomach becomes enormous ; for the peculiarity of the com- 
plaint consists in the total stop that is put to digestion, and the 
uneasy feel of the distension consequent to such indigestion appears 
to deceive the horse, and by a morbid excitement to force him to 
take in more. In this way he continues eating until the distention 
prevents the return of the blood from the head, and the animal dies 
apoplectic, or his stomach bursts with over-distention. More frc- 
quently, however, the stomach becomes flabby, inert, and paralytic, 
and after death presents marks of inflammation towards the pylorus. 

44. The treatment. When recovery has taken place, it has 
occurred only when the disease has been very mild, and has been 
assisted by stimulating the stomach into action by purgatives, at 
once active and invigorating, as an ounce of aloes dissolved in a 
half pint of gin. When a horse of extreme value is attacked, crototi 
oil might be tried to the amount of 20 or 25 drops in two ounces of 
tincture of aloes. Warm water in small quantities, or mixed with 
common salt should be frequently passed down. Remove every 
eatable, rake, clyster, and ^ hand rub; and if the determination to 
the head be extreme, bleed — otherwise avoid it. 

45. Inflammation of the bowels^ enteritis^ or red colic, is a very 
distinct disease from the gripes, gullion, or fret, with which it is, 
however, very apt to be confounded to the destruction of many 
horses. The peritoneal inflammation of the bowels, the one here 
treated on, is an affection of their outer covering. 

4G. Tfi^ causes are various. It is not unfrequently brought on by 
t Hudden translation of cold af\er great heats, as swimming during 
ounting, or from the removal of a horse from grass at once into 
neated stables, clothing and hard food ; neglected gripes, or long 
continued costiveness, excessive riding, and the immediate drinking 
of cold water, have brought it on. It begins by restlessness, loss 
of apuetito, some uneasiness; the mouth is hot and dry, lue ina^< 

membranes of the mouth, nose, and eyelids are oflen redder than 
natural As the disease advances, the pain, before not violent 
now increases so as to force the horse to lie down and rise agam 
frequently ; and when very violent, he kicks at his belly, or look* 
round at his sides, pawing his litter very frequently. The pulse is 
usually small, quick, or hard ; sometimes it is more full and smali, 
but always hard. Breathing is quickened, the extremities are 
alternately hot and cold, but continue longer cold than hot ; and 
the animal is costive ; sometimes pain may force away a few har. 
dened balls of foeces, but the principal contents are retained. 
Blaine has given the distinguishing features between this disease 
and colic, under which head we have stated them. 

47. The treatment must be active and immediate, or a fatal ter- 
mination may be expected. Begin by aiistracting a considerable 
quantity of blood ; from a large horse to the amount of 7 or 8 quarts ; 
proceed to back-rake, throw up a large clyster of warm gruel. Give 
by the mouth, a pint of castor oil, m ixed by the means of the yelk 
of two eggs, with half a pint of broth or gruel. Or, give olive oil 
instead, following it up in half an hour by a gruel drench in which 
six ounces of Epsom salts have been dissolved. A sheep skin, im- 
mediately as it is removed from the sheep, may be applied to the 
bel'j, which should first be well rubbed with the stronger liquid 
blister. (Vet. Pha. 141.) In four hours repeat the bleeding, if con- 
siderable improvement have not taken place, and if the bowels be 
not unloaded, give more oil, and clyster frequently, having first 
back-raked. Avoid exercise ; first hand-rub, and afterwards wrap 
up the extremities to tiie knees. As a clear passage for the dung 
is found, the symptoms mitigate, and the animal slowly recovers , 
but he must be fed at first very sparingly. 

48. Inflammation of the inner surface of the intestines is, in some 
measure, different from the former, which is rather an affection of 
their outer covering ; whereas this is usually confined to their villous 
surface, and may be brought on by superpurgation from over -strong 
physic, or from mineral acids being taken in, particularly mercu- 
rials, which often exert more influence on the bowels than on the 
stomach. It differs from the former in the symptoms being gener- 
ally accompanied with purging ; neither is there usually so much 
pain or uneasiness present, nor such cold extremities, but where 
firorn the violence of the inflammation these symptoins are present 
Alet'ding to the amount of three or four quarts is a proper pre 
jminary, but can hardly be with propriety continued. The same 
liniulants to the outwide of tuo bolly Hhould be used as in tne last 






disease but here clothing is recommended as well as warmth in 
the stable, as also hand-rubbmg to keep up the circulation of tho 
oxtromitiea. Give astringent drink (Vet, Pha. 131, No. 1 or 2.) 
with a pint of boiled starch every three hours, and give the same 
by clyster with two quarts of pot liquor, or tripe liquor, free from 

49. Dysenteric inflammation of the horse^s bowels is happily not 
▼cry common, but now and then appears, and is then called by 
farriers, molten grease ; they mistaking the morbid secretion from 
the intestines, for tho fat of the body melted down and passing off 
thus. But dysentery is a peculiar inflammation of the mucous sur- 
face of the intestines, not contagious as in the human, nor epidemic, 
nor exhibiting a putrid tendency ; but is peculiarly confined to a 
diseased increase in the #iucous secretions, yet very diff'erent from 
simple diarrhoea, which is a mere increase in the peristaltic motion, 
by which the common aliments are quickly passed through the 
intestines, and ejected in a liquid form by an increase in their watery 
secretion. Whereas in the dysentery of the horse, the mucous of 
the intestines separates from them in large quantities ; and comes 
away with the dung surrounding it ; but when it does not pass in 
this way it appears in membranous films like sodden leather, or in 
stringy evacuations, like morsels of fat floating in water ; sometimes 
there is a little bloody appearance. The usual symptoms of fever 
are always present, but not in a very high degree. 

50. The causes are cold, over-riding, and not unfrequently 
acrid substances within the intestines : change of food has ocoa. 
sioned it. 

51. The treatment. In the first stages bleed considerably, and 
give as the first internal remedy six ounces of castor oil, which will 
amend the foecal evacuations considerably, afterwards administer 
the rbllowing; powdered ipecacuanha^ a drachm: powdered opiums 
a scruple ; liquid arrowroot^ eight ounces. Should this not check 
the evacuation, and should it continue as mucous as at first, again 
give castor oil, and then follow it up by either of the drinks directed 
'oi tne cure of scouring or looseness. (Vet. Pha, 131.) 

52. Diarrhoea or looseness. This complaint originates m an m 
creased peristaltic motion of the intestines, with an increase of 
their watery secretion, and is distinguished from dysentery by th* 
jmrgfing nemg complete from the first, and seldom occasioning much 
fevo*" or dibturoance in the general health, unless exceedingly •^o- 

lent. The stools are merely solutions of the aliment, and unmixed 
with membranous films as in dysentery or molten grease, li somi^- 
times succeeds to over strong physic, at others the food enters into 
new combinations, and forms a purge. Some horses have their 
bowels constitutionally weak, as lank-sided small carcassed onen, 
where the mechanical pressure hurries the contents forwards. Sail 
mashes and sea water will purge horses violently sometimes. It it 
always proper to encourage warmth in the skin, and to change the 
food. The change should be generally from one more moist to one 
less so, as beans, &<c. Barley will sometimes stop looseness ; malt 
usually increases it. Buckwheat is oflen a check to habitual diar. 
rhoea. Eflicacious astringents will be found in the (Vet. Pha. 131 ) 
Repeat either of these night and morning. Give but little watei 
and that little warm. 

53. Colic, flatulent or spasmodic, called also gripes, fret, or gul. 
lion, is an important, because a frequent, disease, and because it 
frequently destroys either quickly by its irritation,- or by its de- 
generating into the red or inflammatory colic, when improperly 
treated or long continued. It is usually very sudden in its attack. 

54. The causes of colic are not always apparent. It is sometimes 
occasioned by intestinal stones, which accumulate to a great size, 
remaining for years in the cells of the colon, until some accidental 
displacement occasions an interruption to the peristaltic motion. 
Cold in its various forms is a parent of colic ; but under tho form 
of cold water given when a horse is hot, it is most common. 
In some horses it is so frequent as to become a constitusional ap. 

55. The distinguishing marks between colic and inflammation of 
the bowels are gained, according to Blaine, by attending to the 
following circumstances. In gripes the horse has violent fits of 
pain, but they remit, and he has intervals of ease. The pain in red 
colic is more uniform and less violent. In gripes the pulse is, in 
Veneral, natural ; in red colic it is quicker than natural, and com. 
n. only small. The extremities are not usually cold in gripes ; in 
red colic they usually are. In gripes, the horse attempts to roll on 
his back, which in red colic he seldom does. There are no marns 
of fever with gripes, as red eyelids, inflamed nostrils, &c. Init in 
red colic they are always present. When the complaint has con. 
tinned some hours it is always proper to bleed to prevent its endin^k 
in inflammation : bleeding in the mouth is quite useless. Back 
rake, and throw up clysters of warm water, one After another ts 






1 1 


fast as possible, which fflen overcomes the irritation. La Foiwe 
¥ recommends a curious remedy, but as it can always be obtained, and 
has the sanction of long experience, it may be tried. An onion i* 
pounded and mixed up with some powdered savin ; in default of 
which, use powdered ginger. This is to be introduced up the rec 
lum as high as possible, and the horse is to be then moved briskly 
about. An onion put up the fundament whole, has long been a 
domestic remedy. The following is recommended by Blaine : spirit 
of vitriolic ether^ an ounce; powdered opium^ one drachm; oil oj 
turpentine^ three ounces; warm alcy a pint. He also recommends 
the following more simple remedy as always at hand : the expressed 
juice of two or three large onions; common gin^ common oil, of each 
half a pint; mix and give. White recommends a pint of brandy, 
or of gin, with water, as an excellent carminative. Clark, who haa 
expressly written on gripes, extols the virtues of a mixture thus 
made ; which, if it have the qualities he attributes to it, and which 
there is no reason to doubt, no agriculturalist, coach, or post master 
should be without it : pimento berry, called also adspice, ground 
tine, half a pound ; spirits of wine, and of water, o; each a pint and 
a half; infuse these together, and keep it for use. Give a quarter 
of a pint every hour until full relief is obtained ; hand-rubbing, 
wisping, or fomenting the bowels with hot water at the time. 

56. Inflammation of the intestines from wounds in the belly fre. 
quently occurs ; and these injuries may happen in leaping over 
hedges or pale gates, or may be inflicted by the horn of a cow. 
Sometimes the strong tendinous covering of the belly is ruptured, 
while the skin remains entire : the gut then protrudes and forces 
out the skin into a tumour. The first thing to be done is to put 
the gut back, taking care at the same time, otherwise extensive 
inflammation follows, to remove any dirt or other matter that may 
be sticking to it ; for which purpose, should it be found necessary, 
it may be washed with warm water, but with nothing stronger. 
If the gut cannot be returned, from its being full of air, and the 
opening in the belly be too small to put it back again, such opening 
may be carefully enlarged to the necessary size. But if the animal 
can be thrown upon his back conveniently, a great deal may be done 
tnat cannot otherwise be accomplished ; afler the gut is returned, 
the skin only should be stitched up, and a cushion of several foldi 
nf old linen and tow being placed on the wound, it should be kept 
in lis situation by means of a wide bandage rolled round the body, 
unu carefully secured. The animal should then be copiously bled, 
•ind have his boweis emptied by clysters. The only food he should 
lie allowed is grass, or bran mashes and tiiat only in moderate 

quantity. When the distention of the intestines wholly prevents 
tiieir return, it would be prudent to puncture them with a very fmo 
instrument, and thus to suffer the air to escape, which, although 
subjecting the horse to the risk of inflammation, is better than the 
certainty of death by having the intestines protruded. 

57. Worms of horses are found, as bots, ia the stomach, but 
which as they attach themselves to the hard insensible part of that 
organ seldom do harm. Clark fancifully supposes they do good. 
and devises means for furnishing them when not in existence. The 
hot is the larva of the ccstrus equi, a fly which deposits its eggs on 
parts of the horse himself, from whence they pass into the Itomach 
by being licked off. Certain it is they get there, are hatched, and 
tiiere remain hanging to the coats of it by two tentaculee, receiving 
the juices of the masticated food as nutriment. After a considerable 
time* they make their way out by the anus, drop on the ground, and 
are first transformed into the chrysalids, and aflerwards into parent 
flies. When bots fix themselves on the sensible portion of the 
Btoniach, they may do harm ; but no medicine that we knew of will 
destroy them. The teres or large round worm sometimes occasions 
mischief, when it exists in great numbers, such as a starting coat, 
binding of the hide, irregular appetite, and clammy mouth. The 
best remedy is the spigelia marylandica or Indian pink, in daily 
doses of half an ounce. T<Bnia are not common in the horse ; now 
and then they exist, and are best combatted by weekly doses of oil 
of turpentine, three ounces at a time, mixed by means of the yelk 
of an egg with half a pint of ale. The ascaris or thread worms, are 
best removed by mercurial purgatives. The existence of worms 
may be known by the appearance of a yellow matter under the tail, 
and by the disposition the horse has to rub his fundament. Blaine 
recommends the following vermifuge : powdered arsenic, eight 
grains; pewter or tin finely scraped; Venice turpentine, half an 
ounce; make into a ball and give every morning. He also recom. 
mends salt to be given daily with the food, which agrees with our 
own experience as one of the best vermifuges known. It is a fact 
tcknowledged by the residents along the sea-coast, that horsee 
troubled with worms will oflen voluntarily drink largely of sea 
water, and thus cure themselves. 

56. T*he diseases of the liver are acute inflammation or hepntttta, 
•nd chronic inflammation or yellows. Hepatitis is the acute inflani. 
mation of this organ, which like the lungs, stomach, and intesttneii, 
nay spontaneously \ake on the affection. The symptoms are noi 
inlike those which attend red colic, but with less violence. If m 
20 ♦ 





00 not hdwevcr arrested, the termination will be equally fataL 
About the third day the whites of the eyes turn yellow and tht 
mouth also. Bleeding, blistering, and purgatives form the method 
of cure as practised in red colic. 

59. Chronic inflammation or yellows. The liver of horses is les» 
complex than that of any other animals, and is therefore not very 
liable to disease ; indeed some authors affirm that the horse is never 
atTected with jaundice, but that the yellowness of skin is a mere 
■tomach affection : thi& is, however, erroneous, and not only does 
the liver become hardened and thickened occasionally, but the bile 
becomes diseased, and is thrown out in that state by the blood over 
the body. If fever be present, bleed, but if the symptoms present 
no token of active inflammation, give each night, ten grains of 
calomel, and every ten days, work it off* with a mild dose of physic. 
It is, however, necessary to remark ; that it is not every yellowness 
of the skin that bevOKens either an acute or chronic inflammation of 
the liver. It is the property of every serious inflammation of any 
of the important organs of the cliest and belly, to communicate a 
portion of the evil to the other organs immediately in conjunction 
with the liver : thus an affection of the stomach or intestines, of the 
inflanunatory kind, very often occasions redness of the membrauei 
of the nose, eyelids, &c. &c. 

60. Diseases of the urinary organs. Inflammation of the kidneys, 
is an idiopathic affection, not one of frequent occurrence ; but as 
brought on by injuries, such as over-riding, heavy loads, or violent 
diuretics, it is not unfrequent : when idiopathic, it may be the effect 
either of cold, heating food, or a translation of some other inflam. 
mation, in which cases it comes on suddenly, and assumes the same 
febrile appearances that other intestine inflammations produce ; but 
there is not often great apparent pain, but a frequent inclination to 
■tale, the quantity made being so small as almost to amount to a 
stoppage of urine, which is less or more complete as one or both 
kidneys are affected. What little urine is made, is also at flrst very 
thick, and then bloody. When the disease is the effect of external 
mjury, the urine is not so scanty, but is more bloody; and this 
symptom precedes the other. There is usually much pain and 
•tiff*ness about the loins, and we learn from Blaine, that a swelling 
and a paralytic affection of the hind leg of the side of the affectci 
Kidney, sometimes is a feature in the complaint. To distinguish 
'.Ilia mflainination from that of the neck or body of the bladder, 
with which it may be confounded, the same author recommendi 
thut the hand bo passed up the rectum, wheu if the aifection belc^iiiT 

to the kidneys, the bladder, whether full or empty, will not be hotter 
than usual ; but the contrary occurs when any part of the biadde 
is the seat of the disease. 

61. The treatment must be active, and m most respects smiilar 
to what has been recommended for red colic, as regards bleeding 
emptying the bowels, and endeavouring to lessen the arterial action 
by bleeding; but here we* must carefully abstain from irritating 
the kidneys by diuretics internally, or blisters externally. A newly 
srtipped sheep skin placed over the loins, or active fomentations ot 
htt water, are the only sources of counter irritation that are proper 
neither should diluting liquors be pressed, on account of the dis 
teition they occasion, but no evil can arise from clystering. 

62. Inflammation of the bladder. When the body of the bladder 
necomes inflamed, there is frequent staling from the very first 
attack ; but when the neck of the bladder is the seat of the evil, the 
squeezing out of a few drops will only take place when the bladder 
has become filled, which may be known by passing the hand up the 
rectum. The treatment will be alike in both cases, and is the 
same as recommended for the last affection. It must be evident, 
that warm, mild, and frequent clystering, must here be peculiarly 

63. Stranguary or suppression of urine ; incontinence of urine ; 
bloody urine, Stranguary may arise from an injury done to the 
kidneys, or to the bladder, by strains, or by the absorption of irri- 
tating matters. In these cases, bleed if there be fever, and if not 
merely give the horse absolute rest; mash him, give gruel, and 
warm his water for drink. Bloody urine should be treated in the 
same way ; some horses have such a natural or acquired weakness 
of the kidneys, as to stale blood with their urine on every occasion 
of over exertion : the means frequently used for relief, are sucn as 
aggravate the complaint, and indeed are often the occasion of it, 
which are diuretics. Strong diuretics injure horses more than 
strong physic, and benefit them less than any other of the popular 
means made use of. In retentions of urine, but particularly in cases 
of bloody urine, they are absolutely improper. 

64. Diabetes^ profuse staling ^ or pissing evil. This disease m 
more frequently forced on the horse, by long continued diuretiCH, 
or from a similar eflfect brought on by kiln-dried oats, mow-burui 
hay, or some green vegetables, than acquiied from constitutional 
indisposition. The hjrse first stales often, and profusely, he then 
*H»coiue8 weak and fairt, and sweaU on any exertion. If »t be at aU 





fonstiiutional, his hide is bound from the beginning, and ms urina 

viil have a s<veet taste ; but if his appetite were good and his coa*. 

sieek, bright, and elastic, when the urine was first observed to be 

«imoderate, the evil arises from some fault in the feeding, clothing, 

ixercise, or other management of the horse. Examine into these 

natters, particularly into the food, and next the water. Inquire 

xrhether diuretics have been given, under an erroneous supposition 

»f increasing the condition, and alter what may be amiss. If this 

do not remove the complaint, try the following, after Blaine*s direc 

tions : liver of sulphur ^ two drachms ; uva ursiy four drachms ; oak 

bark, one ounce; catechu, half an ounce ; alum, half a drachm; give 

as a daily drink in a pint of water. 

65. Stone or gravel. Calculous concretions are not uncommon 
in the large intestines of horses, where they grow sometimes to an 
enormous size, lodged in one of the cells usually, and where they 
occasion but little inconvenience, except a displacement occurs, 
when serious evils, as colic, inflammation, or total stoppage, follow. 
In the bladder, stone is very seldom found ; and there is reason to 
believe, that though gravel is a common term in the farrier's list, 
that it seldom if ever occurs ; injuries of the kidneys and bladder 
being usually mistaken for it. 

Diseases of the Skin, 

66. Mange is a contagious disease, not uncommon among low 
bred and badly kept horses, but which is seldom generated in those 
properly managed. When it is the effect of impoverished blood, a 
different course of feeding must be substituted, not heating, but 
cooling, though generous ; as carrots, speared oats, malt mashes, 
stable soiling, &c. When it arises in full fed horses, bleed twice, 
lower the feeding, substituting for com, soiling, carrots, or bran 
mashes. Give a nightly alterative, (Vet, Pharm. 129, No. 1 or 2) 
and dress with either of the mange dressings. (Vet. Pharm. 171.) 
After a cure has been effected, carefully clean all the apartmentr 
with soap and water. 

67. Surfeit will now and then degenerate into mange, but more 
generally it is brought on by a fulness of habit, acted on by sudden 
transitions from cold to heat, or heat to cold : it is likewise not 
unfrequently the consequence of over-fatigue. If it show a dispo> 
«ition to spread, and the skin become scaly and scurfy, treat as undef 
mange, otherwise treat as directed under want of condition. (4) 

68. Warbles are of the nature of surfeit in many instancen, in 
•ihers they are l^rought on by the preimure of the saddle, whicli 

either ouppuraie and burst, or become indolent and remain undet 
the name of sitfasts. In the early state, bathe them with cham- 
ber-ley or vinegar : If they proceed to suppuration, refrain, and 
when they neither go back or come forward, put on a pitch 
plaster, and if this do not promote suppuration, let the sitfast be 
dissected out. 

69. Warts are common to old horses, and had better be put up 
with unless they be situated in some very inconvenient or con 
spicuous part. In this case tie a thread tightly around the root^ 
and the wart will drop off, or it may be cut off. Blaine recom. 
mends the following, when warts are too numerous to be so 
removed : crude sal ammoniac, two drachma ; powdered savin, one 
ounce ; lard, an ounce and a half, 

70. Hide hound is a state of the skin, where the interstitial matter 
between that and the fleshy pannicle is not in a state to allow ot 
its pliancy and elasticity. The binding down of the hide thus 
closely, acts on the hair, which it protrudes in a contrary direction 
to its naturally inclined position ; and thus a staring coat usually 
accompanies hide binding. In considering the subject of condition 
(4) we have seen that it ks not a disease of itself, but is in every 
instance a symptom only. 

Glanders and Farcy. 

71. The glanders is the opprobrium medicorum, for hitherto no 
attempts have succeeded in the cure of more than a few cases. By 
some peculiar anomaly in the constitution of the horse, although 
conclusive proofs are not wanting that this and farcy are modi, 
fications of one disease, and can each generate the other ; yet the 
one is incurable, while the other is cured every day. When glan- 
ders has been cured, the time and labour necessary to accomplish 
the end has swallowed up the value of the horse ; and has also, in 
many supposed instances of cure, left the animal liable to futuie 
attacks which have occurred. The experiments on glanders, pu 
sued at the veterinary college and by White of Exeter, have thrown 
great light on the disease itself, its causes, connexions, and con- 
sequences ; but have done little more. From these we are led to 
conclude, that glanders will produce farcy, and that farcy cap oro- 
iuce glanders. That glanders is highly infectious, and that wieii 
irtection may be received by the stomach, or by the skin when it 
18 at all abraded or sore : and it is also probable that it is received 
by the noses of horses being rubbed against each other. White * 
ripei'ments go to prove that the air of a glandered stable iji aM 






mfeclioui^- but this matter is by no means certain, and should nM 
bo depended on without a greater body of evidenqe. 

72. The marJcs of glanders are a discharge of purulent matter 
from ulcers situated in one or both nostrils, more often from the 
left than the right. This discharge soon becomes glairy, thick, and : it afterwards shows bloody streaks, and is fcctid. 
The glands of the jaw of the affected side, called the kernels, swell 
from an absorption of the virus or poison, and as they exist or do 
not exist, or as they adhere to the bone or are detached from it, so 
some prognosis is vainly attempted by farriers, with reg^'^ ^o^^e 
disease; for in some few cases these glands are not at all affected 
and in a great many they are not bound down by the affection of 
the jaw. As there are many diseases which excite a secretion of 
matter from the nose, and which is kept up a considerable time ; sc 
it is not always easy to detect glanders in its early stages. Stran- 
Eles and violent colds, keep up a discharge from the nostrils for 
weeks sometimes. In such cases a criterion may be drawn from the 
existence of ulceration within the nose, whenever the disease has 
become confirmed. These glanderous chancres are to be seen on 
opening the nostril a little way up the cavity, sometimes immediate y 
opposed to the opening of the nostril ; but a solitary chancre should 
not determine the judgment. The health often continues good and 
sometimes the condition also, until hectic takes place from absorp 
tion. and the lungs participate, when death soon closes the scene. 

73. The treatment of glanders, it ha. been already stated, is so 
uncertain that it is hardly worth the attempt; however, when the 
extreme value of the horse or the love of experiment lead, to it, it 
may be regarded as fixed by experience, that nothing but a long 
course of internal remedies, drawn from the mineral acids, can effect 
it These have been tried in their endless variety : White recom- 
mends the mildest preparation, of mercury, athiops mineral ; under 
the conviction that the more acrid preparations disturb the power, 
of the constitution so much, as to destroy as effectually as the 
disesM. At the veterinary college the sulphate of copper (blue 
vitriol) has been long in use. Other, have used the sulphates oj 
n-on and tine. Clark recommend, the daily administration of a 
arink or ball, composed of the following ingredient. : sulphute o 
Mine, 15 grains; powdered cantharides, 7 grains; poudered alU 
spice, 15 grains; of which he gives one or two extraordinary 
pi oofs of utility. 

74. The farcy u a disease more easily cured than the glanders 
%f wnicb our daily experience convmcei. us i farcy, or farcw attack. 

ander distinct forms, one of which affects the Ijrmphatics of the skm 
and is called the hud or button Jarcy; the other is principally con- 
fined to the hind legs, which it affects by large indurations, attended 
with heat and tenderness. A mere dropsical accumulation of water 
jn the legs sometimes receives the name of water farcy; but thit 
ha»;io connexion whatever with the true disease in question : farcy 
is very contagious, and is gained from either the matter of farcy ot 
irom that of glanders. 

75. Treatment offfircy. The distended lymphatics or buds may 
often be traced to one sore, which was the originally inoculated 
part, and in these cases the destruction of this sore, and that of all 
the farcied buds, will frequently at once cure the disease, which i. 
here purely local. But when the disease has proceeded further, 
the virus must be destroyed through the medium of the stomach; 
although even in these cases, the cure is rendered more speedy and 
certain, destroying all the diseased buds, by caustic or by cautery 
Perhaps no mode is better than the dividing them with a sharp firing 
iron ; or if deeper seated, by opening each with a lancet, and touching 
the inner surface with lapis infernalis. The various mineral acid, 
may any of them be tried as internal remedies with confidence; 
even losing sight of the necessity of watching their effects narrowly, 
and as soon as any derangement of the health appears, to desist 
from their use ; oxmuriate of quicksilver (corrosive sublimate) may 
be given in daily doses of fifteen grains; oxide of arsenic may also 
be given in similar doses. The subacetate of copper (verdigris) may 
also be tried, often with great advantage, in doses of a drachm 
daily. Blaine joins these preparations, and strongly recommend, 
the following : oxmuriate of quicksilver, oxide of arsenic, subacetate 
•f copper, of each eight grains; sublimate of copper, one scruple; 
make into a ball and give every morning, carefully watching the 
effects, and if it be found to occasion distress, divide, and give half, 
night and morning. The same author professes to have received 
great benefit from the use of the following: expressed juice oJ 
elevers, or goose-grass, a strong decoction of hempseed and sassafras, 
vfeach six ounces; to be given aftjer the ball. It remains to say, 
that whatever treatment is pursued will be rendered doubly effic 
nous if green meat be procured, and the horse be fed wholly on it 
provided the bowels will bear such food ; but if the medicines gripe, 
hy being joined with green food, add to the diet bean-meal. When 
green meat cannot be procured, carrots usually can; and when 
they cannot, still potatoes may bo boiled, or the oats may be speared 
01 malted. As a proof of the beneficial effects of green meat, a 
borso. HO bad with farcy as to lie entirely despaired of, was dr*wo 



iixco a field of tares, and nothing more was done to him, nor furtli«f 
notice taken of him, although so ill as to be unable to rise from the 
ground when drawn tliere. By the time he had eaten all the tares 
nrithin his reach, he was enabled to struggle for more; and finally 
•le fO*3 to extend his reach, and perfectly recovered. 

Diseases of me Extremities, 

76. Shoulder strains, are very raje ; most of tho 
lameness attributed to the shoulder belong to other 
parts, and particularly to the feet. Out of one hundred 
and twenty cases of lameness before, Blaine found that 
three only arose from ligamentary or muscular exten- 
sion of the shoulder, or rather of the abductor and 
sustaining muscles: when shoulder strain does happen, 
it is commonly the consequence of some slip, by wliich 
the arm is forced violently forwards. It is less to be 
wondered at than at first seems probable, that farriers 
mistake foot lameness for shoulder strains, when we 
reflect that a contracted foot occasions inaction, and 
favouring of the limb; which thus wastes the muscles 
of the shoulder. Seeing that one shoulder is smaller 
than the other, the evil is attributed to that, and it is 
{}egged, blistered, swam, and fired, to the torture of 
the animal and the increase of the foot's contraction by 
the confinement. In real shoulder strains, the toe is 
dragged along the ground while in motion ; at rest it 
is planted forward, but resting on the point of the toe. 
When the lameness is in the foot, the horse points his 
foot forward also, but he does so with the whole limb 
unbent, and the foot flat. These diflerences are highly 
necessary to be attended to, as well as the peculiar dif- 
ficulty there is in moving down hill, which he does 
with reluctance, and by swinging his leg round to 
ov3id flexing it. This lameness may be further brought 
to the test by lifting up the fore leg considerably, which 



if the evil be in the shoulder, will give evident {)a'm. 
The muscles between the fore legs are likewise tumi- 
fied and tender in these cases. 

77. The treatment consists, when it is recent, in bleeding m the 
plate vein, rowelling in the chest, and fomenting with hot water 
two or three times a day. When the heat and tenderness have 
tubflided, first batho daily with the astringent wash for strain* 
{Vet. Pha. 134, No, 1) for a week; and afterwards, if necessary^, 
proceed to blister in the usual manner. 

78. Strain in the whirl bone. This important joint is sometimes 
vtrained, or its ligaments and muscles unnaturally extended, fmm 
% greater force being ai)plie{l to them than their structure is able to 
bear, or their power to resist; a lajsion takes place of some ofthoir 
fibrillcB, or in lesser injuries their elasticity is injured by being put 
on the stretch beyond their power of returning. In all such cases, 
tlic parts react, and inflammation follows; by which heat, tuuler 
noss, and swelling ensue. 

79. Treatment. The first indication is the same in this as in all 
.igamentary strains, which is to moderate tiie inflannnation by 
fomentations, Slc. &.C., and when that has subsided, to endeavour 
by astringents and bracers to restore the tone of the parts; attor 
which, if any swelling remains, from the extravasated blood lie- 
coming organised, to promote its absorptions by mercurial friclionH, 
and blistering. This applies to all strains, and will direct the 
treatment therefore of that of strain in tho articulation of tiic tlngb 
with the body also. 

80. Strain in the atijie^ is treated in the same manner. 

81. Strain or clap in the hack sinews. This is generally an mjury 
done to the sheaths of the tendons, or of the ligaments which omd 
them down. In very aggravated cases, it sometimes occurs that 
even the tendons themselves are extended beyond their capacity. 
The heat, swelling, and tenderness, are first to be combatted by 
fomentations, and if this be extreme, bleed also, and give a dose of 
,»liysic. Next proceed to poultice with saturnine applications, until 
the heat and swelling are reduced: then use tonics, astringent 
wash, {Vet. Pha. 134, No. 1 or 2,) bandage and exercise verv 
earefully. If swelling remain after heat, pain, and lameness are; or when lannmoss only remains, after all heat is gone, pro 
jeed to blister mildly twice In all cases of iyamnutarv extensiur 





23 n 

when thr heat has subsided, the part may be considered as in a rtatt 
of atony; and bandages judiciously applied are then proper, par 
licularly during the day. 

82. Rupture of the tendons and ligaments of the leg» It is verj 
ncldoni that the tendons themselves are ruptured, bui the suspensory 
ligaments are more oaen so, and the evil is called breaking down. 
It is usually very sudden, and the fetlock is brought almost tc the 
ground. A perfect cure is seldom obtained ; but the inflammation 
Bliould be moderated by the means already described, and the lieols 
should be raised. A laced stocking or firm bandage, when the 
inflammation has subsided, is necessary ; and firing is often prudent 
as a j>ennanent bandage. 

83. Strains of the ligaments of the fetlock and coffin joints often 
occur, and may always be distinguished by the heat, tenderness, 
and swelling. Treat as already described. In all strains of the leg. 
attended with inlbinimation, a goulard poultice is a conrenienl 
and useful application. The goulard water should be mixed with 
bran, and a worsted stocking being drawn over the foot, and up the 
log, it is first tied around the foot; the poultice is then put in, and 
the stocking fastened around the leg above the injury (115.) 

84. Mallenders and sallenders are scurfy, scabby eruptions, af. 
fecting the back of the knee, and ply to the hock ; common only in 
coarse, low bred, and in cart horses. Wash with soft soap ever) 
day, after which anoint with an unguent formed of ecjual parts ot 
mercurial ointment, tar, ind Turner's cerate. 

85. Broken Kncrs. Tlie usual cases oi broken knnes are referable 
to wounds in general ; and tiie treatment of them ii. no wise differs 
iherefrom, with this caution, that here it is more iiiunediatcW 
necegsary, hoth for appearance and safety, that if any flap of ski.i 
hang apart, to cut it off*, or the wound will heal with rugosed edges. 
Hut when the joint of the knee is broken into by the violence ol 
the injury, it becomes of a very different nature, and is known first 
by the extreme lameness and swelling that occur ; and next by tiio 
escape of a slippery mucus not unlike the white of an egg. If thiu 
continue to escape, violent inflammation follows, and either tho 
horse or the joint are lost by it. Farriers are apt to attempt to stop 
tho How of the joint oil, as it is called, by oil of vitriol, or other 
rscliarotics, which treatment is usually followed by the most disas. 
trouft consequences. It is however, necessary to stop the immediate 
*uw, by •^ther moans • tue best of which ip by a fine buddjng-irtm 

heated. Should the laceration be considerable, this cannot be done ; 
but the treatment must then consist of saturnine poultices, bleeding 
low diet, and the other anti-febrile remedies, until the swelling hat 
subsided, when apply tne astringent paste recommended by Clarke, 
made of pipe clay and alum, every day, but by no means introduce 
any escharotics. On the subject of broken knees, a prejudice prevails, 
that a horse that* has once broken his knees, is more liable to fall 
Kga'in than a horse that has not before fallen down ; but unless the 
knee be injured so as to become stiff* by such accident, the supposi. 
tion is wholly erroneous. Horses fall as often by treading on sharp 
stones when they have corns, as they do by stumbling ; and as corns 
sometimes come on rapidly by pressure, so such a horse becomes 
afterwards liable to trip, and this gives rise to the opinion formed, 
liat when once he has been down he will ever after be liable to it. 

86. Splints and bone spavin. The former are usually situated 
on the inner side of the »canon or shank before — and as they are 
itituated, so they are more or less injurious. When buried, as it 
were, within the tendons or back sinews, they are very apt to lame 
the horse serioutly; but when situated on the plain bone, unlesfl 
they are very large, they seldom do much injury. If a splint be 
early attended to, it is seldom difficuit to remove. Blaine recom. 
mends the swelling to be rubbed niglit and morning for five or six 
days, with a drachm of mercurial ointment, rubbing it well in ; after 
which to apply a b.ister, and at the end of a fortnight or three 
weeks to apply anotl er. In very bad cases he recommenda firing 
in the lozenge form. 

87. Bone spavin is ar exostosis of tho hock bones, the treatment 
of which in no wise di2\er8 from that of splint ; except that as a 
•pavin in general is m( re injurious than a splint, so it is more 
necessary to commence the treatment early, and to continue it 
energetically. It also ur. \brtiinately nap{)ens, that from the ccm. 
plexity of structure on the hock, spavin is not so easily removed a« 
splint, and more usually re( uires the applicati >n of firing. 

88. Ring bone is of the sa le nature, being an exostosis or bony 
circle, formed around the c< ronet, the treatment of which \b thi* 
<afne with splint and spavin. 

89. Blood spavin^ bog spavin and thoroughpin^ are all of them 
originally of the nature of win galls, and are nothing more than 
enlargements of the brusal cap liles described in the anatomy aii 

*iurrounding tendons, ligaments, ind bones, to furnisi: tluun wjtb 



me lubricating medium. By over oxertion or hard work ttioM 
hrusal bags beome extended, and their contents increased, and 
distended into puffy swellings in the hock, called, when on the ply, 
bog spavin. The pressure of this sometimes occasions a varicose 
state of the superficial vein, which passes directly over it on tlie 
inner side of the hock, and which enlargement then receives the 
name of blood spavin. When the brusal enlargement extend* 
through the hock, it is called thoroughpin. When it is situated 
below in the burs© of the flexor tendons, near the fetlock joint, it 
receives the name of wind gall. 

90. The treatment in all these cases must be similar in principle, 
and consists in lessening the distended sac — not as was formerly 
practised to the destruction of the horse often, by letting out the 
contents of these wind galls; but by strengthening the sides of the 
tumours by stimulants or by pressure. The more active stimulants 
are the liquid blister, {Vet, Pharm. 141,) .milder ones are found in 
the astringent wash. (Vet, Pha. 134, No. 1.) Bandages assist greatly, 
when well applied to the part, and in desperate cases firing has 
been resorted to, which is nothing more than a more violent stimu. 
lant and a more permanent bandage. 

91. Capulet is a bursal enlargement of the point of the hock, and 
is to be treated by friction, astringents and bandage. 

92. Curb is an inflammation of the ligaments at the back of tlie 
hock, and is usually removed by astringents. (Vet. Pha. 134.) 
When it does not give way to these, the sweating liquid blister 
may be applied. {Vet, Pha. 142.) 

93. Cracks and grease may be considered as modifications of one 
and the same affection, and are commonly brought on by some 
neglect in all horses; but when they occur in any but the thick, 
heeled low bred animals, they are invariably so. Over feeding or 
under feeding, but much more frequently the former, will bring it 
on. A very frequent cause of it is the practice of washing the legs 
of horses and suffering them to dry of themselves. In every case 
without exception, washing the legs should be avoided, unless Ihey 
be rubbed perfectly dry afterwards. When horses have long liairi 
about their heels, and are washed and then left wet, the evil must 
ue doubled ; as the evaporation going on, cools and chills the heels, 
and thus produces a species of chilblain ; and we well know how 
drtficult these are to heal when broken. Cracks in the heels very 
t»flen occur in horses removed too suddenly into full keep from pro, 
^' >ub blraw or grasP la from these to a hot stable ; which Ly the hoot 



and moisture of the litter, occasions a determination of blood, and 
humours to the legs, and they break out into cracks or scabs, fron* 
which issue a bloody ichor, or a more thick matter. Between tliii* 
•ores the hair stares and gets pen feathered, and the horse f nd» 
difliculty and pain in moving. 

94. The treatment must depend on tlje state in which the anima4 
Ifi at the present. If there be reason to suspect the horse to be full 
and foul, bleed, lower his food, soil him m the stable ; or mash and 
give him a mild dose of physic. But when some mismanagement 
is the sole cause, remove that, and if the case be a severe one, by 
means of an old stockmg drawn over the foot, bury the whole heel 
in a poultice, made of scraped carrots or turnips ; which will subdue 
the irritation and bring the parts into a state to bear the application 
of the astringent paste, {Vet, Pha, 136, No. 2,) or if more con- 
fenient, of the astringent wash, {Vet. Pha, 134, No. 1 or 2.) Mode, 
rate exercise should be continued, and the heels carefully cleaned 
from dirt by soil soap and water on each return therefrom ; after 
which, always again apply the astringent. 

95. Grease is nothing more than an aggravated state of the same 
tffection, and is more common to the hind than the fore legs. 
Coarse fleshy legged horses are peculiarly prone to the affection 
from the great accumulation that takes place in their legs; and from 
the difliculty that the capillaries find in carrying the increased 
quantity of lymph upwards. In these, long stable confinement 
should be avoided, and when that is impossible, it should be coun. 
teracted by exercise frequently and judiciously administered. Many 
cart horses never go out but to work ; they often work three days 
incessantly, or nearly so ; and they perhaps rest two days entirely 
Can it be wondered at, that the change occasions swelling, acting 
on the weakness and exhaustion of previous fatigue, and could not 
this be avoided by turning out for an hour, or walking for half an 
hour night and morning ? stable soiling should be used ; bleeding 
and physicking also in very bad cases ; and when the inflammation 
and irritation or soreness are great, the poultices recommended for 
cracks, should be applied until these circumstances are removed ; 
when commence the use of some of the astringents recommended 
(Vet. Pharm, 134.) White has stated two remarkable cases of 
grease cured by the application of corrosive sublimate in the form 
of a wash, as of two drachms of sublimate to ten ounces of water; 
mcreasing it to three drachms if the pain occasioned by the first bo 
not too considerable. Blaine says that the clivers or goose grasn 
bis been known to be o^ great service in bud caMs of grease —hat/ 







• pint of the axprwsed juice to be given daily as a drink , -.nd a 
poultice of the herb to be applied to the heels. In some cuhcs of 
»ong standing when the running has ceased, a thickened state of 
the limb remains; which is best removed by firing, and which Uke- 
wiso is a preventive to a return. 

Diseases of the FeeU 

96. Founder of the feet is of two kinds, an acute and a chronic 
Acute founder 18 a disease that, until lately, was less understood 
than almost any other. After a very severe day's work, or when 
very much heated, if a horse get a sudden chill by standing in snow 
or cold water, it is not uncommon for him to be seized with universal 
stiffness, and every symptom of great fever. Such a hor^e is said 
to be body foundered. By degrees, however, it is observed that tlie 
animal has an extreme disinclination to remain on his feet; irom 
whence it will appear that the whole of them are affected, when the 
norse draws his hind feet under him, his fore only are affected, and 
when he draws his fore feet under him. his hinder feet are the seat 
of the complaint ; but which is seldom the case. On feeling the 
feet they will be found intensely hot, and the pastern arteries beat 
with great violence. Afler a few days, unless the disease abate, a 
separation of the hoofs from the coronet takes place, and at last 
they fall entirely off. 

97. The treatment. At the commencement of the disease bleed 
largely, as well by the neck as from the toe of each affected foot, 
by paring, until the blood flows freely. After which immerse each 
foot in a goulard poultice (115,) give the fever powder or drink, 
(Vet, Pha. 157 & 158,) litter up to the belly ; and if amendment 
do not take place, renew the bleedings, and blister round the 

98. Chronic founder, contraction or fever in the feet. The arti. 
ficial life that horses lead, subjects them to many diseases ; one of 
the principal of which is that of contracted feet. Blaine considers 
a neglect of sufficient paring of the hoof, the application of artificial 
heat from hot stables, and hot litter, the deprivation of natural 
moisture, constitutional liability, and the existence of thrushes, as 
•mong the principal causes of this evil. It is more common amoBg 
blood horses, than to others, and he observes, that dark chesnuU 
are of all others most prone to it. 

♦)9 The treatment of contraction in the feet. It is belter to pw- 
r«ui. than to oe under Uie necessity of attempting to cure ihe enl 

Prevention may be practised by avoiding the acting causes. As 
soon as at all suspected to be likely to occur; keep the liooft pared 
low ; never suffer the horse to stand on litter, nor allow the stable 
lo be too hot ; feed moderately, and never allow the horse to go 
without daily exercise ; whatever increases the general fulness of 
habit flies to the feet. Above all, keep the feet moist by means o. 
wet cloths tied closely around th* loronet, falling over the whole 
hoof, but not extending beyond the edge. Then moisten repeatedly, 
and stop the feet (166) every night. When contraction has already 
taken place, many plans have been recommended ; as jointed shoes, 
by Coleman, Clark, and others, but it is not found that mechanical 
expansion in this way produces permanent benefit. The most 
effectual mode is to obviate all previous causes of contraction ; and 
then to thin the hoof\j around the heels from each quarter so thin as 
to be able to produce an impresnion by means of the thumb ; in fact, 
to remove so much of the horn as is consistent with safety, from 
the coronet downwards. It is also prudent to put in a score or two 
fi^m above downwards, drawn a quarter of an inch deep on each 
side towards tlie front of the hoof; but whetiier this be done or not, 
the front of the hoof should be rasped thin about an iuch in width ; 
by which means a hinge is formed, which operaleo most advanta- 
gftously in opening the heels. After this is done, lips should be put 
on, and the horse should be turned out *o grass, where he should 
remain three months, by which time the new formed heels will have 
reached the ground, and will bear a shoe. 

100. The pumiced foot is a very common consequence of acute 
founder, in which the elasticity of the laminse becoming destroyed 
the support of the coffin bone is removed, and it rests wholly on ths 
sole, which it gradually sinks from a concave to a convex surface, 
/{rawing with it the front of the hoof inwards. In weak, broad 
heavy feet, this evil comes on sometimes without founder , the 
treatment can only be palliative, a wide webbed shoe exactly fitted 
to the foot, without at all pressing on it, prevents the lameness 
consequent to the disease, a shoe exactly the contrary to this hai 
boon tried in some cases with benefit, the form of which has been 
one with a web so narrow as only to cover the crust, but so thir|» 
as to remove the feet from accidental pressure. In other cases, iis 
shoe answers so well as a strong bar shoe. 

101. Corns are most troublesome aliments, to which ho/tf^i are 
ery liable, and which injure and ruin thousands; they are vvhollv 

accidental ; no horse having any peculiar tendency to tliem, b»u 
*biiing alway<< brought on them by some improper pressure, usuaiif 








of the 8*^oe or from something getting between the shoe and tne 
horny heel. A shoe toe /bng worn is a very common cause, and a 
itill more frequent one if tha clubbing the heels of the shoe ; neithoi 
IS it necessary to the production of corns that the ^hoe itself should 
press :n the sole ; but they are equally produced when the outer 
horn of the heels or of the bars, is the immediate offending part 
rendered so by two luxuriant growth, by unequnl wear, or by 
secondary pressure from the shoe, or by gravel working in. It is 
the fleshy sole itself that is bruised, from which a speck of extra, 
vasated blood follows, and if not immediately relieved it gathers, or 
the part becomes habitually defective, and instead of forming healthy 
horn, it always afterwards forms a spongy substance of extreme 
sensibility, and thus always is liable to produce pain and lameness 
when exposed to pressure. 

102. The treatment of corns is seldom difficult or unsraccessful 
at their first appearance, but afterwards it can be only palliative. 
Blaine directs that by means of a fine drawing knife every portion 
of diseased horn should be pared away, and the extravasation under- 
neath likewise. Having done this, he advises to introduce some 
butter of antimony into the opening, to place over this some tow, 
which should be kept in its place by means of a splint. If any 
contraction of the heels l« present it will materially assist the cure 
to lower them, and .o iiin the hoof a little around the quarters, and 
afterwards to put on a shoe without heels opposed to the corn, or 
a shoe chambered opposite the weak part : or a bar shoe may bo 
applied so framed as completely to leave the heel untouched. Intro- 
duce the butter of antimony once or twice more, with the interval 
of two days between, and then turn the horse out to grass ; in about 
Bix weeks time the foot will be sound. The treatment of corns, 
when of long standing, does not materially differ : for although 
they are never wholly eradicated, they may be rendered but little 
troublesoi.\3. The diseased part must be carefully pared out at each 
sli^eing, ai.. «uch a shoe put on as will completely free the heel 
fi im pressure 

103. Running thrush is always a dangerotis disease^ and few 
errors m horse management are more glaring than the common one 
of supposing they are necessary to carry off humours. If less food, 
more exercise, cool stables, and dry standings, were substituted lo 
correct the fulness, instead of thrushes, which invariably contract 
the feet whenever they continue any length of time, it would savo 
iMJiny valuable horses. To the cure, begin by cleaning out all the 
h6Hu-e«i of the frog from loose ragged hern, and thwn introduct to 

fho bottom of the sinuses, by neans of a thin piece >f wood, some 
of the thrush paste (Vet. Pharm. 133,) smeared on tow, which w'j 
enable it to be held within the cleft, especially if it be guarded by 
splints of wood passed under the shoe; renew the dressing daily ; 
turning out to grass may be practised to great advantage for thrushes 
by tliis mode of dressing. 

104. Sand cracks are fissures in the hoofs^ commonly of mose 
before, and usually towards the inner, but now and then towards 
the outer quarter also, from above downwards : from the crack, a 
little oozing of blood or moisture is seen ; and the sensible parts 
underneath getting between the edges of horn, being pressed on, 
lame the horse. White recommends to fire the fissure crossways, 
80 as to destroy the connection between the divided and undivided 
parts of the hoof. 

105. Pricks or punctures of the feet are often very serious evils, 
either when received by nails in shoeing, or by one picked up in the 
road, &c. The danger arises from inflammation, which is always 
great from any injury done to the sensible and viscular parts within 
the foot. This inflammation quickly proceeds to suppuration ; and 
the matter is apt to make its way upwards, unless it find a ready 
vent below. When it does not break out at the coronet, it will 
often penetrate under the sole, and finally disease the bones, liga- 
ments, or cartilages, and produce quittor. It is very seldom that a 
horse is pricked in shoeing, but that the smith is aware of it by the 
peculiarity of the feel on the hammer, and by the flinching of the 
animal. At such times were he to iimnediately draw the nail a little, 
enlarge the opening, and introduce some spirit within the puncture, 
nothing would occur ; but on the contrary, he sends the horse home 
to avoid trouble, who, the next, or following day, is found lame, 
with his foot hot, if the nail be not driven too near the sensible 
laminsB, it will only require to be removed to free the horse from his 
evil ; but if it have been driven through, and have wounded them, 
tlicn suppuration ensues, and on examining the foot by the pincers 
when the slioe is removed, he will flinch at the pressure on the 
diseasea part. It is probable, on the removal of the shoe that matter 
will at once flow out at the immediate nail hole, if not, the drawing 
knife will soon detect the injury. If the heat be great, and instead 
of matter, bloody dark ichor flows out, wrap the foot up in a poul 
tice; but if healthy matter flows out this will not be necessary, 
sometimes it is requisite to detach all tlie horn that is untlerrun h« 
I he matter. But when the injury has not proceeded to tnis rixieni, 
Apply over the part a pledget of tow steeped in friar^s balbain ; tuck 







OP the shoe lightly, and retain the dressing by means of splinU^ 
which are tiiin pieces of wood passed under the shoe ; repeat tho 
dressing daily, and avoid moisture, which would encourage quitter 
A nail picked up on the road, and which passes through the tola 
below or through the frog, is to be treated in the same manner, and 
also when the matter breaks out at the coronet ; but when a nail is 
picked up and penetrates the coffin joint, which is known by the 
synovia or joint oil appearing, such opening should be immediately 
stopped by paring towards the wounded joint, and then applying a 
heated budding-iron, not to the capsular ligament itself, but to the 
skin immediately near it; if this be inconvenient, put a pledget 
dipped in a little butter of antimony, just within the opening, but 
do not press it into the cavity of the joint: if this be insufficient to 
stop the flow, but more particularly if the original wound be pene- 
t-ated to the bone, it is probable that the bone itself will become in 
some measure diseased, which is known by the rough grating felt at 
the point of the probe when passed. In this case, enlarge tlie 
opening so as to be able to scrape the diseased bone away. Bruises 
of the sole, from whatever cause, will all fall under some of these 
points of view, according as the case may be. 

106. Quittor and canker are the consequences of these injurtfis^ 
w^hen neglected, or originally extensive. In these cases either the 
bones, ligaments, or cartilages, or all, become diseased ; and a cure 
can only be obtained by removing the diseased parts by the knife or 
by caustic. 

107. Treadsy over-reach, ^'C. A wound on the coronet is not 
uncommon from one foot being placed on the other ; or the hinder 
foot may strike it, &c. First wipe away the dirt, and remove any 
loose edges that cannot unite ; avoid washing, unless stones and 
dirt are suspected to be within, and bind up, having first placed 
over the wound a pledget of lint or tow moistened with balsamio 
tincture, or tincture of myrrh, or of aloes 6lc, Over-reachingy or 
over-stepping, is often an injury done to tne fetlock joint before, by 
Ihe hinder foot, or to the back sinew higiier up. Sometimes it la 
■imply a violent bruise, at others the laceration is extensive, in which 
case treat as a tread ; and when no laceration has taJten place treat 
%8 a bruise or strain 

108. Cuttins is a defect to which some horses are liable from 
♦hoir form, as when they turn their toes out, or have bent legs. 
I »i Iters cut only when they are lean, which brings their le;»s nearer 
logether. Weak horses cut because thev cross tliei» legs when 



^tigued, and young unfurnished horses cut at youthful periods and 
/row out of it afterwards. The part in which a foot interferes with 
tlie opposed limb is very different. When it strikes the shank high 
up it is called speedy-cut, and is best remedied by wearing kne« 
boDts or rollers. When it is at the fetlock the cutting is at the side, 
or rather backward, according to circumstances. Some horses cut 
by the side of the shoe, others by the hoof at the quarters ; and some 
by the point of the heels. It is to be remarked, that it is better to 
put up with the evil of cutting, than to do as is too frequently done, 
which is, to pare away the hoof until it excites contraction. The 
BJioe mny be feather edged, or may be set a little within the cutting 
quarter ; but by no means alter the size or form of the hoofs them- 
selves, and particularly avoid taking liberties of this kind with the 
fore feet. Boots or rollers, are but little trouble to put on, and 
when not buckled too tight never injure : whereas to allow a horse 
to continue to cut produces a callus, and oflen throws the animal 


O A04M~ 


J 09. The general practises to be here enumerated 
pre chiefly the treatment of wounds, the application of 
fomentations, setons, blisters, clysters, and physicking, 
and the operation of castrating, nicking, bleeding, <fec 

Treatment of Wounds, 

110. A wound must be treated in some measure according to the 
part of the horse's body in which it happens : but there are some 
principles to be observed alike in all horse surgery. There are 
likewise a few, which, as they differ from the principles of humai* 
surgery, should be first noticed, and which should guide tlie p'a« 
lice of those who might be misled by analogy. The wounds o< 
horses, however carefully brought together and confined in thei^ 
Situation, as well as shut out from the stimulus of the externa, air 
Jiro seldom disposed to unite at once, or as it is called in surgicjiJ 
*anj(uage, by the first intention. It is always, therefore, nccest^ar^ 
to e\(>ect tiie supnurative process ; but as the adhesive inffainmaiioti 





" I 

1 1 

cI(M»8 now and then occur, we fllionld never wash with water *r 
other liquids a mere laceration, if no foreign matter, as dirt, &o. oe 
suspected to be lodged within it, still less should wo stuff it witb 
candle or tents of any kind. On the contrary, it should be care- 
fully and smoothly brought together, and simply bound up in iU 
own blood ; and if it do not wholly unite at once, and by the first 
intention, perhaps some portion of it may ; and at all events, its 
future progress will be more natural, and the disfiguration less than 
when stuffed with tents, tow, &c. or irritated with heating oils or 
spirits. When an extensively lacerated wound takes place it it 
common, and it is oflen necessary to insert sutures, or stitches, 
into the lips of the wound : and here we have to notice another 
considerable variation from the principles of human inflammation, 
which is, that these stitches in the horse, ox, and dog, soon ulcerate 
out, seldom remaining longer than the third or fourth day at far- 
thest. It therefore is the more necessary to be careful, that by 
perfect rest, and the appropriation of good bandages we secure the 
wound from distortion. In this we may be assisted by strips of 
sticking plaster, made with diachylon and pitch ; but these strips 
should be guarded from touching the wound itself by means of lint 
of tow first put over it. When in addition to laceration in a wound, 
there is a destruction of substance, then the caution of washing will 
not apply, as it will be necessary to bathe with some warming spirit, 
as, tincture of myrrh, tincture of aloes, or friar's balsam, to assist in 
restoring the life of the part, and in preventing mortification. 
Bleeding must be stopped by pressure and astringents, as powdered 
alum; when it is very considerable the vessel from whence the 
Mood comes must be taken up. When great inflammation follows 
wounds or l)ruises, counteract it by bleeding, a cooling temperature, 
pening medicines, and continual fomentations to the part itself 

Balls and Drinks. 

111. Mode of giving a hall. BacJi the horse in his stall, and 
being elevated on a stool, (not a bucket turned upside down,) gently 
draw the tongue out of the mouth, so as to prevent its rising U^ 
resist the passage of the hand : the tongue should however not be 
laid hold of alone, but it should be held firmly by the fingers of the 
left hand against the jaw. The ball previously oiled should b« 
»akcn into the right hand, which should be squeezed into as narrow 
t) shape as possible, must be passed up close to the roof of the mouth, 
f rid the ball placed on the root of the tongue, when botn hand* 
»K;in{r withdrawn, it will readily pass down. This mode is much 
Dfof'^rable, wlien a i>orson is at all handy, to usii^g a balllw|{ iron. 

1 la. Mode of giving a drink. Exactly the same process w pui 
sued, except that a horn holding the liquid matter is forced up the 
mouth ; the passage being raised beyond the level line, the liquid is 
poured out from the larger end of the horn, and when the tongue ia 
)oosened it is swallowed. Clark, however, ingeniously proposes to 
substitute the smaller end of the horn, the larger being closed, by 
which, he says, thja horn can be forced up the mouth between the 
teeth, and poured farther back so as to ensure its not returning. 

Fomentations and Poultices. 

113. Fomentations are very commonly recommended of various 
herbs, as rhue, chamomile, St. John's wort, wormwood, bay leaves, 
&c. but the principal virtue is to be found in warmth and moisture, 
which unload the vessels ; but this warmth ought not to be too con- 
siderable, except when the inflammation is within, as in inflamed 
bowels. Here we foment to stimulate the skin, and cannot foment 
too hot ; but when we do it at once to an inflamed part, it ought not 
to be more than of blood heat ; and it should be continued long, and 
when removed the part should be dried or covered, or cold may be 
taken, and the inflammation increased instead of diminished. Arut 
dyne fomentations are made of poppy heads and of tobacco, and are 
fre^,iently of great use*. 

114. The method of applying fomentations is conveniently done by 
means of two large woollen cloths wrung out of the heated liquors, 
OS one is cooling the other should be ready to be applied. 

115. Poultices act in the same way as fomentations in allaymg 
irritation and inflammation ; but are in other respects more conve 
nient because they act continually. It is an error to suppose that 
Doultices, to be beneficial, should be very hot ; however hot they 
•na^ be applied, they soon become of the temperature of the sur- 
rounding parts. When poultices are applied to the extremities, a 
stocking, as has been before stated, is a convenient method of appli. 
cation. When it is drawn over the leg and bound around the lower 
p'lrt of the hoof, or of the pastern, or otherwise, the mattei of the 
poultice may be put within, and it may be then kept in its situation, 
if high up on the extremity, by means of tape fastened to one part 
of it, and passed ovei the withers or back to the other side, and 
■gain fastened to the stocking. In this way, also, loose oancrdget 
inay be retained from slipping. Cold poultices are often useful in 
ibe inflammations arising from strains, &.c. In these cases hraii 
*a^l goulard water form a convenient medium ; but when the Doui 




tice is necessarily hot, aattle linseed meu added to the bran wil 
render it adhesive, and ^rive it consistence. It is a very necessary 
caution in this, as in every instance where bandages are wanted 
around the extremities, to have them broad, and only so tight as to 
•ocure the matters contained, as in a poultice, or as in common 
bandaging. It is often supposed that " as strong as a horse,** de- 
notes that nothing can be too strong for him, nor any means too 
violent to hurt hhn. The horse, on the contrary, is one oi the 
most tender animals alive ; and a string tied very tight round the 
log would occasion first a falling off of the ho( f, next a mortification 
of the rest of the limb, and lastly the death of the animal ; and 
all this as certainly as though he were shot with a bullet through 
ktie head. 

Setons and Rowels, 

Mk, Scions are often useful in keeping up a drain to draw what 
are termed humours from parts ; or by their irritations on one part, 
t]>ey lessen the mflammation in another part not very remote, as 
when applied to the cheek for ophthalmia or inflamed eyes. They 
also in ihe same way lessen old swellings by exciting absorption. 
Another useful actwn they have is to make a dependent or conve- 
nient orifice for the escape of lodged raattef : thus a seton passed 
from the upper pai c f the opening of pole evil, through the upper 
pait ot the integun«ents of the neck, as low as the sinuses run, will 
often ettect a cure without further application. The same with fistu- 
lous withers, wnich sometimes run under the shoulder blade, and 
appear at the arm point ; in which case a blunt seton needle, of 
suhicient length to be passed down to that point, and to be then cut 
down upon, will form the only efficient mode of treatment. Seton» 
may be passed in domestic farriery, with a common packing needio 
and a skein of thread, or piece of tape: but in professional farriery 
thev are made by a proper needle armed with tap ^ or lamp cotton, 
or skeins of thread or silk smeared over with d.^estive ointment 
When the seton needle is removed, the ends of the tape should 
be joined together, or otherwise netted, to prevent them from 
coming out. 

117. Rowels in their intention act as setons, and as initating « 
.arger surface, so when a general drain is required they act better i 
as in case of grease, &c. but when their action is confined to a part 
only, setons are more convenient. Any person may applv a rowel 
by making an incision in the loose skin about an inch separating 
^ith the fmger its adherence around, and then inseitiag in th« 



opening a piece of round leather, with a hole in the middle, smearei 
with a blistering ointment. Then plug the opening with tow, and 
in three days, when the suppuration has begun, remove it. Th« 
rowel leather is afterwards to be daily removed and cleaned. 

Blistering and Firing, 

118. Blistering answers the same purposes as setons, and is prac- 
tised by first cutting or shaving the hair from the part, when the 
blistering ointment {Vet. Pha. 138.) should be well rubbed in for 
ten minutes, or a quarter of an hour. Some of the ointment after 
the rubbing may be smeared over the part The head of the horse 
should now be tied up to prevent his gnaWiUg or licking. If a neck 
cradle be at hand, it may also for safety be put on ; in which the 
head may be let down the third day. 


119. A neck cradle for blistered horses is very convenient for 
ether occasions also, when the mouth is to be kept from licking or 
biting other parts ; or to keep other parts from being rubbed against 
the head. It is of very shnple construction, and may be made by a 
dozen pieces of wood of about an inch and half diameter, as old 
broom handles, Slc. These bored at each end admit a rope to pass 
through ; and as each is passed on, a knot may be tied to the upper 
part of the pieces of the cradle, two inciies apart; and those which 
form the lower part, four inches ; by which means tlie neck will bo 
fitted by the cradle when it is put on ; and the horse will be pre. 
vented from bending his head to lick or gnaw parts to be protected. 
When the lower parts of the legs, particularly the hinder, required 
blistering, it is necessary to bear in mind that in gross full horses, 
particularly in autumn, grease is very apt to follow blistering ; and 
almost certainly if the back of the heels below the fetlock be blis. 
tered. First, therefore, smear this part over with lard or suet, and 
afterwards avoid touching it with the ointment. After blistering in 
iummer, the horse is often turned out before the blistered parts ai« 
^uite sound ; in this case guard them from flies by some kind o« 
covering, or they may become fly-blown : and likewise on the fourth 
or fifth day rub into the blistered part some oil or lard to prevent the 

skin from cracking. 


120. Sweating or liquid blisters^ (Vet. Pha. 142,) are only more 
gentle stimulants, which are daily applied to produce the same 
sflTects on a diseased part without removing the hair. Of course less 
activity is expected ; yet as the action is repeated, they are often 
Diore beneficial even than blistering itself; as in old otrams up* 


24 b 


121 Firing, as requiring the assistance of an experienced prac- 
titioner, we shall not describe; it will be prudent only to point cut 
that it is a more active mode of blistering ; and that it acts very 
powerfully as a stimulant, not only while its effects last as blisters 
do, but also afler its escharotic effect is over, by its pressure ; and 
in this way it is that it operates so favourably in bony exostosis, as 
splints and spavins ; and in this way it is so useful in old ligamentary 
weaknesses; because by lessening the dilaUbility of the skm il 
becomes a continual bandage tq the part. 

Clystering and Physicking. 

122. Clystering should always be preceded by hack.raking, whicL 
consists in oiling one hand and arm, and passing them up the fun. 
dament and by that means to remove all the dung balls that can be 
reached. The large pewter syringe for clystering, is neither a useful 
or safe machine. A much bettor consists in a turned box pipe, to 
which may be attached a large pig or ox bladder, by which four or 
five quarts of liquid can be administered at one time. {Vet, Pharm, 
134 to 146.) The pipe should be previously oiled, by which meani* 
it pisses more easily : the liquor should then be steadily pressed up; 
and when the pipe is removed, the tail should be held down over 
the fundament a little to prevent the return of the clyster. In some 
cases of a spasmodic nature, as gripes and locked jaw, great force 
is made by the bowels to return the clyster, and nothing but con- 
tiuued pressure over the fundament can enable it to be retained. 
Clysters not only act in relaxing the bowels, but they may be used 
as means of nutriment when it cannot be taken by the moutli ; as 
in locked jaw, wounds of the mouth, throat, &c. &c. In locked 
jaw, it was observed by Gibson, that he kept a horse alive many 
days by clysters alone ; and by clysters also, many medicines may 
bo given more conveniently than by the mouth. 

123. Physicking of horses. It is equally an error to refrain 
altogether from giving horses physic, as it is to give it on every 
occasion, as some do. Neither is it necessary for horses to be bled 
and physicked every spring and autumn, if they be m perfect 
health, and the less so, as at this time they are generally weak and 
'aint from the change going on in their coats-nor is it always 
necessary to give to horses physic when they come from grass or a 
rtraw yard ; provided the chinge from the one state to the other be 
very moderately brought about. But on such a removal, it certainly 
expedites all tlie phenomena of condition, (2) and such horses are 
•ess likely to fall to pieces, as it is termed af\erwards. ,,3.; In vanoui 
c»iorbid states payni. is iiarticularly useful, as in woriiu. hide bound, 

.1 -. u "'1 



bom too full a habit, Slc. &c. It is not advisable to physic horset 
in either very cold or very warm weather. Strong physic is aiways 
hurtful ; all that physic can do is as well operated by a mild as by 
a strong dose, with infinitely less hazard. No horse should be 
physicked whose bowels have not been previously prepared by 
mashing for two days at least before. By these means the physic 
will work kindly, and a moderate quantity only is requisite. Most 
f the articles put into. the purging balls for horses, to assist the 
aloes, are useless. Jalap will not purge a horse, nor rhubarb either. 
Aloes are the only proper drug to be depended on for this purpose, 
and of all the varieties of aloes the socotorine and Cape are the best. 
(Vet. Pha.l63.) Barbadoes aloes are also not improper, but are 
thought more rough than the socotorine. For formulae of purging 
balls, see Vet. Pha. (163.) Blaine gives the following as the process: 

124 Physicking process. The horse having fasted an hour or two 
in tlie morning from food, but having had his water as usual, give 
him his purge, and two hours after offer him a little chilled, but not 
warm water, as is oflen done, by which horses are disgusted from 
taking any; it may be here remarked that in this particular much 
error is frequently committed. Many horses will drink water with 
the chill taken off, provided it be perfectly clean, and do not smell 
of smoke from the fire, kettle or sauce-pan ; but few, very few, will 
drink warm or hot water ; and still fewer, if it be in the least degree 
greasy or smoky. After the ball has been given two hours, a warm 
bran mash may be offered, and a very little hay. He should have 
walking exercise as usual moderately clothed ; and altogether he 
should be kept rather warmer than usual. At noon mash again, 
and give a little hay, which should be repeated at night, giving him 
at intervals chilled water. On the following morning the physio 
may be expected to work ; which if it do briskly, keep the horse 
quiet ; but should it not move his bowels, or only relax them, walk 
him quietly half an hour, which will probably have the desired 
effect. Continue to give mashes and warm water, repeating them 
every two or three hours to support him. When physic gripes a 
horse, give a clyster of warm water, and hand rub the belly, as well 
as walk him out. If the griping prove severe, give him foui auncet 
of gin in half a pint of strong ale, which will soon relieve him. On 
the next day the physic will probably set^ but should it continue to 
1^ ork him severely, pour down some boiled starch ; and if this fail, 
turn to the directions under diarrhoBa. ^52.) The horse shoi Id return 
to his jsual habits of feeding and full exercise by degrees; and i* 
more than one dose is to be given, a week should intervene. It it 
often lequisite to make the second and third doses rather stronger 




man tlie ilrst. A very mild dose of physic is likewise often aiven 
:o horses while at grass in very warm weather, and without any 
mjury. When worms, or skin foulness are present, and mercuna. 
physic is deemed necessary, it is better to give two drachms o. 
calomel in a mash the previous night, than to put it into the pur 
(ring ball. 

Castration, Nickingf Docking, ^c. 

125. The operations of castration, docking, nicking, aud that tg 
eropping, (which is seldom practised,) all require the assistance o\ 
a veterinary surgeon ; and it is only necessary to remark of them, 
that the after treatment must be the same as in all other wounds 
To avoid irritation, to preserve a cool temperature and a moderate 
diet; and if active febrile symptoms make their appearance, to 
obviate them by bleeding, &c. &-c. It likewise is proper to direct 
the attention of the agriculturist who attends to these matters him- 
•elf, that the moment the wound following any of these operations 
looks otherwise than healthy, locked jaw is to be feared, and no time 
should be lost in seeking the best assistance that can be obtained 
(11.) See Mason, p. 148. 


126. Bleeding is a very common, and to the horse a very impor- 
tant operation, because his inflammatory diseases, on account of the 
great strength of his arterial system, run to a fatal termination very 
soon and can only be checked in the rapidity of their progress by 
abstracting blood, which diminishes the momentum of circulation. 
Bleeding is more particularly important in the inflammatory dis- 
eases of the horse ; because we cannot, as in the human, lower the 
circulation by readily nauseating the stomach. Bleeding also lessens 
irritation, particularly in the young and plethoric, or those of full 
habit: hence we bleed in spasms of the bowels, in locked jaw, &c. 
with good effect. Bleeding is general or topical. General as from 
the neck, when we mean to lessen the general momentum. Topical 
when we bleed from a particular part, as the eye, the plate vein, the 
toe, &c. Most expert practitioners use a large lancet to bleed with ; 
and when the habit of using it is acquired, it is by fkr *.he best 
Instrument, particularly for superficial veins where a blo-v miffi.l 
twrry the fleam through the vessel. In common hands the fleam as 
the more general instrument is best adapted to the usral canea 
MMjuiring the agriculturists notice. Care should, however, be taken 
not to strike it with vehemence, and the hair being first wotted and 
*iaoct!i«d down, it should be pressed close betwwu the hairs, so 

^-».. ^ 



thai its progress may not be impeded by them. A ligatuie should 
be first passed round the neck, and a hand held over the eye, unlesf 
the operator be very expert, when the use of the fingers will dispense 
with the ligature. The quantity of blood taken is usually too small. 
In inflammatory diseases, a large horse, particularly in the early 
Ptage of a complaint, will bear to lose eight or ten quarts : and hall 
the quantity may be taken away two or three times afterwards, J 
the violence of tke symptoms seem to require it; and the blood 
should be drawn in a large stream to do all the good it is capable of. 
After the bleeding is finished introduce a sharp pin, and avoid 
drawing the skin away from the vein while pinning, which lets the 
blood escape between the vein and skin ; wrap round a piece of tow 
or hemp, and next day remove the pin, which might otherwise 
inflame the neck. In drawing blood let it always be measured ; 
letting it fall on the ground prevents the ascertaining the quantity ; 
It also prevents any observation on the state of the blood ; which if 
it form itself into a cup-like cavity on its surface, and exhibit a 
tough yellow crust over this cavity it betokens an inflammatory 
state of blood that will require further bleedings, unless the weak- 
ness forbid. After the bleeding, it now and then happens from 
rusty lancets, too violent a stroke with the blood stick, or from 
drawing away the skin too much while pinning up, that the orifice 
inflames and hardens, and ichor is seen to ooze out belwev.i its 
edges. Immediately after this is discovered, recourse must be had 
to an able veterinary surgeon, or the horse will lo*rt the vein, and 
perhaps his lifb. 


127. The (oWowing formulcB for veterinary practice 
have been compiled from the works of the mosteminenl 
veterinary writers of the present day, as Blaine, Clark, 
l.aurence. Peel, White, &c.; and we can from our 
own experience also, confidently recommend the selec- 
tion to the notice of agriculturists, and the owners 
o\' horses in general. It would be prudent for such as 
have many horses, and particularly for sucfi as live at 
a distance from the assistance of an able vetennarian, 
to keep the more necessary articles by them in case 
of cmert'cncc : some venders of horse drugs Keej» 




25 1 

veterinary medicine chests: and where the compo- 
sitions can be depended on, and the uncom pounded 
drugs are genuine and good, one of these is a most 
convenient appendage to every stable. 

128. The veterinary pharmacopoiia for oxen, calves 
and sheep has been included in the arrangement. 
Where any speciality occurs, or where distinct recipes 
are requisite, they have been carefully noticed ; it will 
therefore only be necessary to be kept in mind, that 
with the exception of acrid substances, as mineral 
acids, &c. which no cattle can bear with equal impu- 
nity with the horse ; the remedies prescribed require 
about the following proportions : A large ox will bear 
the proportions of a moderate sized horse ; a moderate 
sized cow something less ; a calf about a third ol 
the quantity ; and a sheep about a quarter, or at most 
a third of the proportions directed for the cow. It is 
also to be remarked, that the degrees in strength in 
the different recipes, are usually regulated by their 
numbers, the mildest standing first. 

129. Alteratives, 
Levigated antimony, 2 drachms. 
Cream of tartar, 

Flour of sulphur, each half an 

Cream of tartar. 
Nitre, of each half an ounce. 

^thiop's mineral, 
Levigated antimony, 
Powdered resin, each three 

Give in a mash, or in oats and 
l%ran, a little wetted, every night, 
or make into a ball with honey. 

130. Tonic Alteratives, 



Blue vitriol, in powder, of each 

1 drachm. 
Oak bark in powder, 6 drachms. 

Winter's bark in powder, three 

Green vitriol, do. one and a half 

Gentian, do. three drachms. 

Make either of these into a 
ball with honey, and give every 


White vitriol, 1 drachm. 
Ginger or pimento, ground, two 

Powdered quassia half an ounre, 
Ale 8 ounces. 

Mix and giv« as a drink. 

Arsenic, 10 grains, 
Ortmeai, 1 ounce. 

Mix and give in a mash, or 
moistened oats nightly. 

131. Astringent Mixtures for 
Diarrhaeaf Lax or Scouring, 

Powdered ipecacuanha, one 

Do. opium, half a drachm, 
Prepared chalk, 2 ounces, 
Boiled starch, 1 pint. 

Suet 4 ounces, boiled in 
Milk, 8 ounces. 
Boiled starch, 6 ounces. 
Powdered alyim, 1 drachm. 

The following has been very 
strongly recommended in some 
cases, for the lax of horses and 

Glauber's salts 2 ounces, 
Epsom do. 1 ounce, 
Green vitriol 4 grains, 
Gruel, half a pint. 

When the lax or scounng at 
all approaches to dysentery or 
molten grease, the following 
drmk should be first given. 

Castor oil, 4 ounces, 
Glauber's salts, dissolved, two 

Powdered rhubarb, half a drachm. 
Powdered opium, 4 grains, 
Gruel, 1 pint. 

132. Astringent balls foi Dia- 
betes or pissing evil. 
Catechu, [Japan earth] half an 

Alum powdered, half a drnchm, 
Sugar of lead, 10 grains. 

Conserve of roses, to make a 

13*3. Astringent paste foi thrush, 
foot.rtt, foul in the ^oot, j-c. 

Prepared calamine. 

Verdigris, of each half an ounce, 

White vitriol, 

Alum, of each half a drachm. 

Tar, 3 ounces . mix 

134. Astringent washes for craekt 
in the heels, wounds, .^c, 


Sugar of lead, 2 drachms, 
White vitriol, 1 drachm. 
Strong infusion of oak, or elm 
bark, 1 pint: mix. 


Green vitriol, 1 drachm. 
Infusion of galls, half a pint. 

Mix and wash the parts throe 
times a day. 

135. Powder for Cracks, ^c. 


Prepared calamine, 1 ounce. 
Fuller's earth, powdered. 
Pipe clay, do. of each 2 ounces. 
Mix and put within gauze, and 
dab the moist surfaces of tiie 
sores frequently. 

136. Astringent Paste for Grease 


Prepared calamine, 

Tutty, powdered. 

Charcoal, do. of each 2 ounces, 

Yeast enough to make a paste. 


To the above, if more strength 
be required, add of alum and ver. 
digris each a drachm. 

137. Astringent Wash for do, 


Corrosive sublimate, ^ drachnfVl^ 

Spirit of wine or brandy 1 ounce. 

Soft water, 10 ounces. 

Rub the sublimate iu a mor 
tar with the spirit till dissolved, 
then add the water. Tliiw ic a 
strong proparation and has often 
proved successful in very hud 





cases of grease, which have re- 
listed all the usual remedies. 

138. Blisters. 

1. A general one. 
Cantha rides powdered, 2 ounces, 
Venice turpentine, do. 
Resin, do. 
?a\m oil or lard, 2 lbs. 

Melt the three latter articles, 
ogether, and when not too hot 
lir in the Spanish flies. 

♦ 39. A strong cheap blister y hut 
not proper to be used in fevers or 
inflammations, as of the lungs^ 
bowels, ^c, 
Euphorbiuni powdered, I ounce, 
3il of vitriol, 2 scruples, 
Spanish flies, 6 ounces, 
Palm oil or lard, 
Resin, of each one pound. 
Oil of tur|>t)ntine, 3 ounces. 

Melt the resin with the lard 
or palm oil. Having previously 
mixed the oil of vitriol with an 
ounce of water gradually, as 
jrradually idd this mixture to the 
melted mass ; which again set on 
% very slow fire for ten minutes 
more : afterwards remove the 
whole, and when beginning to 
cool, add the powders previously 
mixed together. 


l40. A mercurial blister, for 
splints, spavins, and ring bones. 
Of either of tli« above, 4 ounces. 
Corrosive sublimate finely pow- 
dered, half a draclmi. 

14^. Strong liquid blister, 

Spanish flies, in ^os* powder, 1 

Oil of origanum, 2 drachms, 
Oil of turpentine, 4 ounces, 
Olive oil, 2 ounces. 

Steep the flies in the turpentine 
three weektf, strain ofl" and add 
the oi. 


142. Mild liquid ot BwetUing 

Of the above one ounce, 
Olive oil or gooso grease, out 
and a half ounces. 

143. Clysterp 
1. A laxative one. 
Thin gruel or broth, 5 quarts, 
Epsom or common salts 6 ozc 

144. Clyster for Chriyes. 

Mash two moderate sized onions, 
Pour over them oil of turpcntne. 

2 ounces, 
Capsicum or pepper, half an ox 
Thin gruel, 4 quarts. 

145. Nutritious Clyster, 

Thick gruel, three quarts. 
Strong sound ale, one quart. 

Or 4. 
Strong broth, 2 quarts. 
Thickened milk, 2 quarts. 

146. Astringent Clyster, 

Tripe liquor or wiet boiled .n 

milk, three pints. 
Thick starch, 2 pints. 
Laudanum, half an ounce. 

Or 6. 
Alum whey, one quart. 
Boiled starch, two quarts. 

147. Cordial Balls. 
Gentian powdered, 4 ounces, 
Ginger do. 2 ounces, 
Coriander seeds do. 4 ounces. 
Caraway do. 4 ounces. 
Oil of aniseed, quarter of an OB 
Make into a mass with honej, 
treacle or lard, and give an ouncf 
and a half for a dose. 

148. Chronic Cough BalU 
Calomel 1 scruple 

Gum ammoniacum. 

Horse radish, of each 2 drachms. 

Balsam of Tolu, 

Squills, each one drachm. 

Beat all together, and make 
into a ball with honey, and give 
«vory morning fasting. 

149. Drink for the same, 
1 ar water. 

Lime water, of each half a pint. 
Tincture of squills, half an oz. 

150. Powder for the same, 
Tartar emetic, 2 drachms, 
Powdered foxglove, half a 

Powdered squill, half a drachm, 
Calomel, one scruple, 
N.tre 3 drachms. 

Give every night in a malt 

151. Diuretic BalU, 
Resin, yellow, 1 pound, 
Nitre half a pound. 
Horse turpentine, half a pound. 
Yellow soap, quarter of a pound. 
Melt the resin, soap, and tur- 
pentine over a slow fire ; when 
cooling add the nitre. For a 
strong dose, an ounce and a 
half, for a mild one an ounce. 
It should be kept in mind, 
that mild diuretics are always 
equal to what is required ; and 
that strong diuretics are always 

152. Diwetic Powders, 
Yellow resin, powdered, 4 ozs. 
Nitre, ditto, 8 ounces, \ 

Cream of tartar, do. 4 ounces. 

Dose — 6, 8, or 10 drs. niglitly, 
ivhich some horses will readily 
eai in a mash 

153. Urine Drink 
Glauber's salts, two ouiices. 

Nitre, 6 drachms. 

Dissolve in a pii*i of warm 

154. Embrocations— Koo'.mg fm 

Goulard's extract, half an ounce. 
Spirit of wine or brandy 1 ounre. 
Soft water, 1 quart. 

Mindererus spirit, 4 ounces, 
Water, 12 ounces. 

155. For Strains, 
Bay salt, bruised, half a pound. 
Crude sal ammoniac, 2 ounces, 
Sugar of lead, quarter of an OB 
Vinegar one pint and a half, 
Water, one pint. 

156. For the Eyes, 

Sugar of lead, 1 drachm, 
White vitriol, 2 scruples. 
Water, 1 pint. 

Brandy, 1 ounce. 
Infusion of green tea, 4 ounce* 
Tincture of opium, 2 drachms, 
Infusion of red roses, 4 ouncoa 


Rose water, 6 ounces, 
Mindererus spirit, 3 ounces. 

Corrosive sublimate, 4 grains. 
Alcohol, 1 ounce. 
Lime water, 1 pint. 

Alum, powdered, 1 drachm. 
Calomel, half a drachm. 

Mix and insert a little at on< 
corner of the eye. The custom 
of blowing ii m alarms the horse 

157 Fever Powders* 
Tartar emetic, 2 drachms, 
Nitre, 5 drachms. 
^ 2. 
Antimo lial powder, 9 dracnme, 






Cream of tartar, 

Nitre, of each four drachms. 

158. Fei^er Drink, 
Sweet spirit of nitre, 1 ounce, 
Mindererus spirit, 6 ounces, 
Water, 4 ounces. 

1 59. Epidemic Fever Drink. 
6weet spirit of nitre, 1 ounce, 
Simple oxymel, 6 ounces, 
Tartar emetic, 3 drachms. 

ir>0 Malignant Epidemic Fever. 

Simple oxymel, 
Mindererus spirit, 
Biier yeast, of each 4 ounces, 
fiweet spirit of nitre, I ounce. 

IGl. Fumigations for purifying 

infected stableSy sheds, ^c. 
Manganese, 2 ounces, 
<.yonunon salt, do. 
Oil of vitriol, 3 ounces. 
Water, 1 ounce. 

Put the mixed manganese and 
ualt into a bason; then, having 
before mixed the vitriol and wa- 
ter very gradually, pour them 
l>y means of tongs, or any thing 
t'vat will enable you to stand at 
a sufficient distance, on the ai- 
tides in the bason gradually. 
A a soon as the fumes rise, retire 
and snul up the door close. 

Aloes, powdered, 8 drachm* 
Oil of turpentine, 1 drachm. 

Aloes, powdered, 10 drachms, 
Oil of turpentine, 1 drachm. 

The aloes may be beaten with 
treacle to a mass, adding, during 
the beating, the oil of turpen. 
tine. All spices, cream of tar- 
tar, oil of tartar, jalap, &c. are 
useless, and often hurtful addi- 

164. Liquid Purge* 
Epsom salts, dissolved, 8 oz8. 
Castor oil, 4 ounces. 
Watery tincture of aloes, 8 ozs. 

Mix— The watery tincture of 
aloes is made by beating pow- 
dered aloes with the yelk of 
ogg, adding water by degrees , 
by these means half an ounce 
of aloes may be suspended m 
8 ounces of water, and such a 
purge IS useful when a ball can. 
not be got down, as in partial 
locked jaw. 

165. Scalding Mixture for Poll 

Corrosive sublimate, finely pow 

dered, 1 drachm, 
Yellow basilicon, 4 ounces. 

166. Foot Stoppings. 
i Horse and cow dung, each about 
j 2 pounds. Tar, half a pound. 

162. Hoof Liquid. 
0'<] of turpentine, 4 ounces, 
1 ar, 4 ounces. 
Whale oil, 8 ounces. 

This softens and toughens the 
hoofs extremelv, when brushed 
over them m^ht and morning. 

163 Purging Medicines. 
Halls — very niild. 
Aloe* powdered, 6 drachms, 
OU o»'4urpentine, 1 drachm- 

167. Wash for coring out, dt. 

stroying fungus^ or proud fleshy 

^c. f^C. 
Lunar caustic one drachm. 
Water, 2 ounces. 

168. Wash for Mang^ 
Corrosive sublimate, 2 drachms* 
Spirit of wine or brandy, 1 oi. 
Decoction of tobacco. 
Do. of white liPlebore, of eacn 1 

Dissolve the mercury in the 
spirit, and then add the decoc- 

169. Ointments for healing. 
Tamer's cerate, two ounces, 
White vitriol powdered, half a 

L^rd, 4 ounces. 

170, For Digesting. 
Turner's cerate, two ounces, 
White vitriol, 1 drachm, 
Yellow basilicon, 5 cinces. 

171. For Mange. 
Sulphur vivum, 8 ounces, 
Arsenic in powder, 2 drachms. 
Mercurial ointment, 2 ounces, 
Turpentine, 2 ounces. 
Lard, 8 ounces. 

Mix, and dress with eveiy 

172. For Scab or Shab in Sheep 
Mallenders and Sellender.f in 
Horses, and foul blotches and 
eruptions in cattle in geneial. 

Camphor, I drachm. 

Sugar of lead, half a drachm, 

Mercurial ointnont 1 ounce. 



It ' 



173. Cattle are subject to some very dangerous dis- 
ea.<es, but as their life is less artificial, and their struc 
lure less complex, they are not liable to the variety of 
ahments which affect the horse. The general pathology 
of the horse and ox being little diflerent, the iundu- 
niental rules for veterinary practic^e, and the reijuisite 
medicines, when not particularized, will be found in the 
ViUerinajy Pharmacopma, already given. (120.) 

174. Af/ZJ /erer, pantas or pantasia. Cattle sometiines appear 
Aifectcd with heat, redness of the nostrils and eyelids ; they refuse 
f )od, are dull, evacuate and stale with difficulty ; and the urine is 
liijrh coloured. These symptoms are often aggravated every other 
day, giving it the appearance of intermittent affection. The com. 
plaint is oaen brought on by over driving in very hot weather, occ»u 
«ionally by pushing their fattening process too fast. If there be no 
appearance of malignancy, and the heaving be considerable, bleed, 
and give half an ounce of nitre in a drink night and morning; bu\ 
iinl«!ss the weather be cold do not house the animal. 

17:"). Jvflammatory fever is called among farriers, cow-leeche«, 
MUX graiiofH, by the various naraei of black quarter, joint fel«ui. 

quarter esil, quarter ill, showing of blood, joint murrain, strikinji 
in of the blood, &c. Various causes may bring this on. It is some- 
times epidemic, and at others it seems occasioned by a suddnn 
change from low to very full keeping. Over driving has brought it on. 
No age is exempt from it, but tlie young oftener have it than tiie 
mature. Its inflammatory stage continues but a few days, and 
shows itself by a dull heavy countenance, red eyes and eyelids : the 
nostrils are also red, and a slight mucus flows from them. Tlia 
pulse is peculiarly quick ; the animal is sometimes stupid, at others 
watchful, particularly at first ; and in some instances irritable. — 
The appetite is usually entirely lost at the end of the second day, 
and the dung and urine either stop altogether, or the one is hard 
and the other is red. About the third day a critical deposit takes 
place, which terminates the inflammatory action : and it is to tiie 
various parts on which this occurs, that the disease receives its • 
various names. The deposit is, however, sometimes universal, in 
tlie form of a bloody suffusion throughout the whole skin In 
others, swellings from the joints, or on the back or belly ; and in 
fact, no part is exempt from their attack. Sometimes the animal 
swells generally or partially, and the air being suffused under tlie 
skin, crackles to the feel. After any of these appearances have 
cuine on, the disease assumes a very malignant type, and is highly 

176. Treatment of inflamfiiatory fever. Before the critical abscess 
form, or at the very outset of the disease, bleed liberally, and purge 
also : give likewise a fever drink (158.) If, however, the disease be 
not attended to, in this early stage, carefully abstain from bleeding 
or even purging : but instead, throw up clysters of warm water and 
salt to empty the bowels, and in other re8[)ects treat as detailed 
under malignant epidemic. (15.) It may be added, that four drachms 
of nmriatic acid, in three pints of oak bark decoction, given twice 
8 day, has proved useful. The swellings themselves may be washed 
with warm vinegar both before and after they burst. 

17T Catarrh or influenza in cattle, also known by the nan.e o1 
/If/on, is only a more mild form of the next disease. Even in this 
mild form it is sometimes epidemic, or prevalent among numbent, 
or endemical by being local. Very stormy wet weather, changing 
frequently, and greatly also in its temperature, are common causes. 
\V o have seen it brought on by change of food from good to oaa, 
ctid from too close pasturage. It first appears by a defluxion iroin 
(ho nose; the nostrils and the eyeli(;s are red; the animal Iioivum, 
\M t'lckcd up m tlie flankij, and on the third day ho loses the o«ifi 







There is a distressing and painful coiijjh, mid not unfrequcntly t 
sore throat also, in which case the beast almost invariably holdi 
down his head. The treatment does not at all differ from that 
directed under the same disejise in horsoH (13.) Bleeding only tho 
first two days, carefUlly sheltrring, but in an open airy place, liU 
Icring well up. 

178. The malignant epidemic influenza is popularly called mwr. 
ain or pest; and has at various times made terrible havoc among 
•attle. Ancient history affords ample proof of its long existence, 
and by the accounts handed down, it does not seem to have varied 
its types materially. In 1757 it visited Britain, producing extreme 
fatality among the kine. From 1710 to 1714 it continued to rage 
on the continent with unabated fury, {Lancisiss Diftputaiio His- 
* torica de Bovilla Peste.) The years 1730 and 1731, and from 1744 
to 1746, witnessed its attack, and produced many written descrip- 
tions of it, among which stands pre-eminent that of Sauvages, th»i 
celebrated professor of nr>edicine, at Montpelier. Tiie British visi- 
tation of the malady in 1757, elicited an excellent work from tho pen 
of Dr. Layard, a physician of London, which was afterwards trans- 
lated into several languages. 


179. Symptoms of the murrain. Dr. Layard describes it as coro 
mencing by a difficulty of swallowing, and itching of the earr 
shaking of the head, with excessive weakness and staggering gait 
which occasions a continual desire to lie down. A sanious factif 
discharge invariably appears from the nostrils, and eyes also.— 
The cough was frequent and urgent. Fever, exacerbiating, par 
ticularly at night, when it usually produced quickened pulse.— 
Tliere was constant scouring of green foetid dung after the firsi 
two days, which tainted every thing around, even the breath, per 
spiration, and urine were highly foetid. Little tumours or boils wer« 
very commonly felt under the skin, and if about the seventh oi 
nmth day these eruptions become larger, and boils or buboes appeal 
with lessened discharge of f®ces, they proved critical and the animal 
often recovered ; but if on the contrary, tho scouring continued, and 
lUe breath became cold, and the mouth dark in colour, he intorms 
ue mortality followed. Sauvages describes the murrain as showing 
ilself by trembling, cold shivers, nose excorated with an acid dis- 
oriarge from it; purging af\er the first two days, but previous to 
which there was often costiveness. Great tenderness about the 
spnie and withers was also a characteristic, with emphysema, or a 
V»lowini5 up of tlie akin by air discharjjed untlerncHth it 

t80. Dissections of those that have died of this disease, according 
to Sauvages, have shown marks of great intlammauon, and of a 
jrreat putrid tendency ; but the solid parts seldom ran into gan- 
grene. The fluid secretions however, always were sulliciently 
Dissolved and broken down by putridity. The paunch, he says, 
was usually filled with undigested matter, and the other stomachs 
highly inflamed : the gall bladder was also commonly distended, 
with acrid thick brown bile. Goelich, who likewise dissectea 
these subjects, describes the gall as particularly profuse and in- 
tolerably foetid. According to him, the whole alimentary canal, 
from the mouth to the anus was excorated ; and Lancisi, contrary 
to Sauvages, found the viscera of the chest and belly, in some ^ascs 
sphacelated and gangrenous. Gazola describes the murrain as 
accompanied with pustulous sores; and so great was the putria 
tendency, that even the milk, before it dried up, which it usually 
did before the fourth day, became foetid. 

181. The treatment of the murrain. In the very early stages, ali 
eminent authors recommend bleeding ; but which should not only 
be confined to the very early periods, at> to the two first days ; but 
also to such subjects as by their previous health and condition can 
oear it. The animals should be placed in an open airy place ; the 
litter should be frequently renewed ; and the place itself should he 
fumigated with the preventative fumigation. (161.) It has been 
recommended to burn green boughs with pitch as a substitute 
even charcoal fires occasionally carried around the place would be 
useful. Dr. Layard advises the body to be washed with aromatic 
herbs in water; but vinegar would have been better. In early 
stages, saline purgatives, as from ten to twenty ounces of Epsom 
salts are to be invariably used. If the scouring have already como 
on, still, however, purge; but with only half the quantity; an arti- 
ficial purge will carry off the morbid bile ; and if excessive weakness 
do not come on, the same may be advantageously repeated. Setons 
are also recommended in the dewlap. When abscess appear, they 
may be opened, and their contents discharged, washing the wound 
with brandy or vinegar, if putrid sloughing takes place. The em. 
physematous swellings or cracklings, may also be opened, and the 
air discharged. The other essentials of medical treatment, as 
oetailed under malignant epidemic among horses, is here applicable 
in every particular. When recovery takes place, it is usually • 
very slow process, and requires care to prevent other diseases super- 
vening. The animal should continue to be housed, and ncithei 
exposed to sun or wind for some time, and the feeding should be 
uutritious The following infalUbU cure of the bloody murrain lU 




2*; I 

cattle, was pivcn by Mr. Jones, of Gloucester county, Va. to Mr. 
Beniannn Harr.son, of Charles City County, Va.-'^ '^^f.^V ," 
infusion of cedar berries, (containing about half a pint of the l>er. 
ne.) was given at a time, and in nearly every case the good effect- 
were almost instantaneous : a considerable discharge from the 
bladder and bowels followed, and in five or ten minutes time, the 
animal began to eat. In nineteen cases out of twenty a perfect 
cure was effected. It may be necessary to repeat the drench ton. 
or live times*' 

132 The prevention of the murrain, or the prevention cf itt 
spreading, in many respects is even more important than its medical 
ireatment. Where it has already appeared, all the out-buildings 
but particularly the ox-lodges or stalls, should be daily fumigated 
with the preventive fumigation (161 ;) and, even the whole of the 
infected districts should have frequent fires of green wood made m 
the open air, and every such district should be put under rigorous 
quarantine. The cattle on every farm should be carefelly exanuned 
three or four times every day, and the moment one is found to droop 
he should be removed to a distance from the others. In very bad 
weather, while it is prevalent, the healthy cattle should be housed 
and particularly well fed ; and their pastures should also be changed. 
The bodies of those who die of the disease should be buned with 
their skins on, very deep in the earth, and .luick lime should be 
strewed over them.-Prere«/io«-Mr. VVm. Minge, (of James 
River Va.) recommends tho h »e of a mixture of clay, salt, (in the 
co.mnon proportion for slock) tar and powdered brimstone. For 
f.ay head, one gallon of tar and half a pound of brimstone, per week, 
put in a trough to which the cattle had free access. The disease. 
It appears, is endemic in Virginia, particularly in the districts bor 
dering on tide water. 

183. Phrenzy fever, or inflammation of the brain, called also 
couiTh, now and then, but by no means frequently, attacks cattle 
The symptoms differ but little from those which attack horses.- 
Tho treatment must be exactly similar. 

184. Inflammation of the lungs occasionally occurs in cattle, in 
which also the symptoms, progress, and proi>er treatment, are eimilai 
U those detailed under that head in horse pathology (31.) 

185. Inflammation of the stomach sometimes occurs from poison, 
nus matters; and in such cases, when the nature of the po.son !• 
g.s'uvercd, the treatment detailed under poise r> in liorse pathology 

mn.^t he pursued. But there is a species of indlgftstion, to which 
cattl(5 are l»«We in the spring, from eating voraciously of Uie young 
sprouts of wood ; to which some woods are more conducive tiiar 
others. The symptoms are heat, thirst, costiveness, lessened urine, 
quick and hard pulse, with heat and redness in tlie mouth and nose j 
the belly is hard and painful, and the stools, when they appear, are 
covered with glare. When the mouth and nose discharge a seroua 
flaid, the animal usually dies. 

186. Treatment. Bleed at first, open the bowels by saline pur- 
gatives (164.) After this give large quantities of nitrated water, and 
clyster also largely. 

187 The hove or blown in cattle is also an inflammatory affec- 
tion of tlie paunch, ending in paralysis and rupture of its substance. 
From the frequency of its occurrence, it has become a subject o( 
investigation with almost every rational grazier, and a particular 
matter of inquiry with every agricultural body ; from whence it is 
now very successfully treated by the usual attendants on cattle 
when skilful ; but when otherwise, it usually proves fatal. It is 
observed to be more frequent in warm weather and when the grass 
is wet. When either oxen, cows, or sheep, meet with any food 
tiiey are particularly fond of, or of which they have been long 
deprived, as potatoes, turnips, the different grasses, particularly red 
clover; they eat greedily, and forget to lie down to ruminate; by 
which means the first stomach or paunch, becomes so distended as 
to be incapable of expelling its contents. From this inflammation 
follows, and fermentation begins to take place : a large quantity ol 
air is let loose, which still adds to the distention, till the stomach 
cither bursts, or by its pressure on the diaphragm, the animal is 
suffocated. This situation of the beast is known by the uneasiness 
and general swelling of the abdomen ; with the circumstances ol 
the animal being found with such food, or the presumption that i» 
has met with it. 

188. Treatment, There are three modes of relieving the com 
olaint, which may be adverted to according to the degree ol 
Jistention, and length of time it has existed. These are internal 
medicines ; the introduction of a prohnng of some kind into the 
faunch by the throat: and the puncturing it by the sides. Dr. 
VVhyatt of Edinburgh, is said to have cured eighteen out of twenty 
.Soved cowH, by giving a pint of gin to each. Oil, by condeiisinjf 
tHe air, has been successfully tried. Any other substance also, thai 
had a strong power of absorbing air, may be advanUijeoUFiy given 








Common salt and water, made strongly saline, is a usual country 
remedy. New milk, with a proportion of tar equalHe one-sixth o. 
the milk, is highly spoken of. A strong solution of prepared am- 
monia in water often brings off a great quantity of air, and relieves 
the animal. Any of these internal remedies may be made use of 
when the hoven has recently taken place, and is not in a violent 
degree. But whin otherwise, the introduction of an instrument is 
proper, and is now very generally resorted to. The one principally 
m use is a species of probang, invented by Dr. Munro, of Edinburgh 
Another consisting of a cane of six feet in length, and of con 
siderable diameter, having a bulbous knob of wood, has been invented 
by Eager, which is a more simple machine, but hardly so effica- 
cious. It is probable that in cases of emergency, even the larger 
«nd of a common cart whip, dexterously used, might answer the 
end. But by far the best instrument for relieving hoven cattle, as 
well as for clystering them, is Read's enema apparatus, which is 
alike applicable to horses, cattle, and dogs. It consists of a syringe, 
to which tubes of ditferent kinds are applied, according to the pur- 
pose, and the kind of animal to be operated upon. There is a long 
flexible tube for giving an enema to horses and cattle, and a smaller 
one for dogs. To relieve hoven bullocks effectually, it is necessary 
not only to free the stomach from an accumulation of gas, but from 
the fermenting pultaceous mixture which generates it ; for this pur. 
pose a tube is applied to the extremity of the syringe, and then 
passed into the animal's stomach, through the mouth, and being 
put in action, the offending matter is discharged by a side oi>ening 
When the same operation is performed on sheep, a smaller tube is 
made use of. The characteristic excellency of Read's instrument, 
is, that there is no limit to the quantity of fluid that may not bo 
injected or extracted. The same syringe is used for extractmg 
poison from the stomach of man, for smoking insects, extinguishmf 
fires, and syringing fruit trees. The introduction of any of these 
instruments may be effected by the help of an assistant, who should 
hold the horn of the animal by one hand and the dividing cartilage 
of the nose with the other; while the operator himself, taking the 
longue in his left liand, employs his right in skilfully and carefully 
introducing the insti^pment; the assistant bringing the head and 
neck into such an attitude as to make the passage nearly straight, 
which will greatly facilitate the operation. But when no instru- 
ments can be procured, or as cases may occur when indeed it is not 
acvisable to try them, as when the disease has existed a considerable 
lime, or the animal has become outrageous, or the stomach so nmcli 
d intended with air that there is danger of immediate suffocation oi 
bursting : m these instances the puncture of the maw must U 

instantly performed, which is called paunching. This may be doiio 
with the greate'st ease ; midway between the illium or haunch Done, 
and the last rib of the lefl side, to which the paunch inclines ; a 
sharp pen-knife is frequently used, and persons in veterinary prac- 
lice should always keep a long trochar ; which will be found much 
tlie most efficacious, and by far the most safe, as it permits the air 
escaping certainly and quickly, at the same time that it prevents its 
entrance into the cavity of the abdomen, which would occasion an 
equal distention. As soon as the air is perfectly evacuated, and the 
paunch resumes its office, the trocliar may be removed ; and in what, 
ever way it is done, the wound should be carefully closed with 
sticking plaster or other adhesive matter. It is necessary to observe, 
that this operation is so safe, that whenever a medical assistant 
cannot be obtained, no person should hesitate a moment about doing 
It himself. Afler relief has been aflforded, a stimulant drink may 
yet be very properly given, such as half a pint of common gin; or 
one ounce of spirit of hartshorn in a pint of ale ; or two ounces of 
spirit of turpentine in ale, may any of them be used as an assistant 
stimulus. Whei^ also the cud is again chewed, still some relaxation 
of the digestive organs may remain ; at first, therefore, feed spar 
iiigfy and give for a few mornings a tonic. [130 No. l.J 

189. Inflammation of the bowels^ or red colic, is by no means 
unknown in cattle pathology; the symptoms of which do not differ 
from those common to the horse, and the treatment also, is in every 
respect the same. c45.) 

190. Inflammation of the liver, or hot yellows, sometimes occur, 
in which case, in addition to the symptoms detailed under hepatitis 
in the horse (58,) there is, from the presence of systic bile in the ox, 
a more determined yellowness of the eye-lids, mouth, and nostrils , 
the treatment must be similar. (58.) 

191. Inflammation of the kidnies, called red water, by the cow. 
•eeches, is not uncommon among cattle, and is perhaps dependent 
on the lobulated form of these parts in them. The animal to the 
otiier symptoms of fever, adds stiffness behind, and oflen straddles, 
but always shrinks on being pinched across the oins, where fre. 
quently increased heat is felt, the urine is sometimes scanty, and 
now and then increased in quantity, but it is always first red, then 
purple, and aflerwards brown or black, when a fatal termination 
may be prognosticated. The treatment has been fully detailen under 
nephritis in the horse pathology, (60) and which consists in plentiful 
»»leedings, 6lc. but carefully abstaining from ihe use of diuretic*, .u 
ftdvised by ignorant cow-leeches 






192. Blaik toaier is only the aggravated and latter stages of th« 

193. lufiammaHon of the bladder also now and then occurs, and 
in no wise differs from the cystisis of the horse, in consequenc«« 
and treatment. (62.) 

194. The colics of cattle^ arise from different causes; they are 
fubjoct to a spasmodic colic, not unlike that of horses, and which is 
lemoved by the same means. (53.) Costiveness also brings on a colic 
in them, called clue bound, fardel bound, &c. wliich often ends in 
red colic, unless early removed ; the treatment of this we have fully 
detailed. (55.) Another colic is accompanied with relaxation of 

195. Diarrhoea^ scouring^ or scouring cow^ is common in cattle, 
and is brought on by exposure to rain, improper change of food, 
over driving, and other violences. It is essentially necessary that 
the animals be taken under cover, kept warm and dry, and have 
nvjtritious food allowed them. The medical treatment has been 
detailed. (52.) 

196. Dysentery or hraxy, bloody ray, and slimy flux, differs from 
simple scouring, in a greater degree of fever attending it, and in its 
being an inflammation of a particular kind, and part of the intes- 
tines. It is frequently dependent on a vitiated putrid state of the 
bile, brought on by over driving in hot weather, low damp pastures 
in autumn, &-c. The discharge is characterized by its bad smell, 
and by the mucous stringy patches in it, and also by its heat and 
Brnoking when voided ; all which are very different from the mere 
discharge of the aliments in a state of solution in diarrhcea, and 
which differences should be carefully marked to distinguish the one 
from the other ; treat as under dysentery in the horse. (49.) 

197. Yellows. When active fever is not present, and yet cattle 

mre very dull, with great yellowness of eyelids, nostrils, &c. it 

arises from some biliary obstruction, to which oxen and cows are 

mare liable than horses, from their being furnislied with a gall 

bladder , it is a more common complaint in some ot the cold pro- 

viuces on the continent, where they are housed and stall fed all ih*. 

year round, than it is in England. The treatment is tiie same an 

detailed for chronic inflammation of the liver in horses (59) adding 

.11 .^very instance to it, a change of pasturage, and if comreiiMmt, 

xuui salt marshes, which will alone oflen eflect a cure 

198. Loss of the cud. This enters the list of most cow-leeches', but is less a disease than a symptom of some other affec 
tion ; indeed it is evident that any attack suflficient to destroy the 
appetite will generally occasion the loss of the cud. It is possible, 
however, that an occasional local affection or paralysis of the paunch 
may occur, particularly when it is distended with unhealthy sub 
stances, as acorns, crabs, the tops of some of the woody shrubs, &c. 
The treatment in such cases consists in stimulating the stomach by 
tonics, as aloes, pepper, and gin mixed; though these, as liquidf 
may not enter the stomach in common cases, yet in this disease or 
imi>aired action of the rumen, they will readily enter there. 

199. Staggers, daisy or turning, are sometimes the consequences 
of over feeding, particularly when from low keeping, cattle aro 
suddenly removed to better pasturage. Treat with bleeding and 

200. Tetanus, or locked jaw, now and then attacks cattle, in wh«rh 
case it presents the same appearances and requires the same treat- 
mcRt as in horses. (11.) 

201. Cattle surgery is in no respect different from that in prac 
tice among horses, the wounds are treated in the same manner. 
Goring with the horns will sometimes penetrate the cavity of the 
belly, and let out the intestines ; the treatment of which is the same 
as in the horse. (56.) Strains, bruises, &lc. are also to be treated 
like tiiese of horses. 

202. Foul in the foot. This occasionally comes on of itself, but is 
more oflen the effect of accident : cleanse it well and keep it from 
dirt: — apply the foot paste. (166.) 

203. Wornals, or puckeridge, are tumours on the backs cf cattle 
occasioned by a dipterous insect which punctures their skin, and 
dcj)osits its eggs in each puncture. When the eggs are hatched, 
and the larvae or maggots are arrived at their full size, they make 
their way out, and leave a large hole in the hide, to prevent which 
the destruction of the egg should be attempted by nipping the 
tumour, or thrusting in a hot wire. 

204. Cattle obstetrics are not very varied ; young cows of very 
^lil hal)its have sometimes a super-abundant secretion of milk before 
calving, which produces fever and heat ; sometimes from ccld taken 
the «ame will occur after calving also : in either case, give miid dry 
Piou or hay ; bathe tlio udder also with vinegar and water , in som« 








cues, waim fomentatioHs do best. If the fever run high, treat u 
under fever in horse pathology. 

205. The process of calving is usually performed without dim. 
culty; somolimes, however, cross presentations take place, and 
iometimes a constriction of parts prevents the natural passage of 
the calf. To act properly on these occasions, great patience in 
required, and much mildness; many cows have been lost by brutal 
pulling ; we have seen all the men and boys of a farm mustered to 
pull at a rope affixed about a calf, partly protruded, which, when it 
was thus brought away, was forced to be killed, and the mother soon 
died also from the protrusion of parts this bruti'.? force brought with 
the cdf. A steady, moderate pull, during the throes of the anima>, 
will assist much ; having first directed the attention to the situation 
of tlie calf, and that the presentation is such as not to obstruct its 
progress ; if it does, the calf must be forced back, and turned or 
placed aright. 

206. Whetheringy or retention of the after-birth or burden. It 
sometimes happens that this is retained ; for which no better remedy 
has been hitherto discovered than warm clothing and drenching 
with ale, administered as a forcer. 

207. The diseases of calves are principally confined to a species 
of convulsions which now and then attacks them, and which some- 
times arises from worms, and at others fVom cold. When the first 
cause operates, it is then relieved by giving a mild aloetic purge, 
or in default of that, a mild dose of oil of turpentine, as half au 
ounce night and morning. In the second, wrap up the animal warm, 
and Ure!ich with ale and laudanum a drachm. Calves are also very 
subject to diarrhoEa or scouring, which will readily yield to the 
usual medicines. (131.) 

208. Horn distemper or horn ail. A disorder incident to homed 
cattle, by which the internal substance of the horn (commonly 
called the pith, which is the spongy part of the bone) wastes away, 
&<i. This disorder may be known by a dullness in tne countenance, 
A sluggish motion, want of appetite, a desire to lie down frequently, 
■hake their head and appear dizzy, &c. To be sure of this disease, 

■ take a small gimblet and perforate the horn 2 or 3 inches above the 
head: if it is hollow and no blood follows, it is the hollow horn ; 
This distemper iS generally brought on by poverty, &c 

Bore each horn at the upper and lower side that the drain may 
•>ave vcnU and administer at least two or three doses of salt- oi 

some gentle purgative ; inject into the horn strong vinegar and cam- 
phorated spirits of salt and vinegar: this will cleanse the horn and 
effect a cure. Sawing off the horn is sometimes performed, hi»t the 
above receipt is preferable, 

209. Vermin on cattle. It is found that a strong decoction o 
tobacco washed over a beast infected with vermin will generally 
drive them away. It sometimes will make the beast very sick for 
a short time. But a better remedy is to mix a plenty of strong 
Scotch snufT in train oil, and rub the back and neck of the creature 
with it ; which will effectually kill or drive away all vermin from 
a quadruped. 

Salt— Let it be remembered, when given to animals, enables the 
farmer to increase his live stock and keep them in health ; hence it 
ought freely to be given to sheep and cattle of every description • 
but, to imitate nature, it should be previously dissolved and tbeo 
mixed with pure fine clay in a mass, which is to be plj«.»d under % 
shelter so that the animals may lap it at nU«*sure. 







1 I 
. ii 




210. The diseases ofslieep are numerous ; for these 
nnimals are now so highly cultivated that they may be 
regarded in some respects as artificial machmes : and 
thus, as a natural consequence, they are subject to a 
variety of artificial defects and maladies. 

211. The rot is a popular term among shepherds, 
and includes within its range diseases widely different. 
Wc shall not therefore follow the custom of treating 
the different rots of sheep together ; but we shall allow 
them to fall m the natural order, accordmg to the plan 
pursued with the diseases of oxen. 

212. The inflammatory and putrid fever, popularly known by the 
names highaSstriking or blood striking, does not d.ffer materially 
from the same disease in oxen and cows : and is m sheep also some- 
times epidemic , appearing by panting, dullness, watery mucus 
from the nose and eyes, and great redness of all such parts as ar, 
usually white. 

213 The red water. The inflammatory fever sometimes resolvet 
.tself into an universal secretion of serum throughout all the cavi 
lies ; in which case after a few days, the lymph blood 
will come away from the nose and mouth in large quantities. Some 
Umes after death the bloody serum is found suffused throu^hon' 
♦he fekiu as in the blood striking of skms. 

214. The claveau or sheep pox is also another variety of this di«. 
ease, in which it takes on a pustular form. About the third day 
small variolffi appear : sometimes they are rather blotches than pus. 
tules. The weakness is usually extreme, and the putridity great 
This form of the disease is seldom seen with us ; but it ie «tu 
known on the continent, where the pastures are very poor and 
to «v, and the general keeping meagre. 

215. The treatment of all these in no wise differs from that di. 
rected under the inflammatory putrid fever of the ox. The doses 
of medicines being about a third of what is directed for them. 

216. Malignant epidemic or murrain. Sometimes an epidemic 
prevails which greatly resembles the murrain of oxen ; in appear- 
ances, termination, and treatment it resembles malignant epidemic 
of oxen. (178.) 

217. Peripneumonia or inflamed lunga^ rising of the lights^ glan* 
deroits rot, hose^ ^c. These terms are all modifications of an in- 
flamed state of the viscera of the chest, caught by undue exposure, 
bad pasturage, and oflen from over driving. The cougii, trem. 
blingfs, the redness of the eyes and nostrils, and the distillation of 
a f^ id from them, with the heavings and hot breath, are all simi- 
lar to those which characterize pneumonia or rising of the lights 
in oxen. We remember to have seen the disease strongly marked 
in the February of 1808, on a farm in the neighbourhood of Streat- 
liam ; where eleven sheep were attacked almost together, after a 
very stormy night. They were first affected by a loss of appetite , 
next with a fixed steadfast look, which was common to every one 
After this, they reeled about, fell backwards and became convulsed. 
When seen, five were almost dead, whose internal appearances 
fully confirmed the nature of the disease. The rest recovered b^ 
bleeding and drenching, with drenches composed of nitre and tar. 
tar emetic. Sometimes the symptoms of pneumonia do not kill 
immediately, but degenerate into an ulceration of the lungs ; which 
IS then called the glanderous rot. This stage is always fatt : the 
others may, by early attention, be combatted by judicious treat, 
nient, as detailed under the same disease in oxen. 

218. A chronic cough in sheep, when not symptomatic of rot, :• 
always cured by a change of pasturage, particularly into a sa't 

919 Inflammation of the stomach occurs from various causos. A 


■■■' >i* ■'(rfii^ 







common on,. »r««s from eating noxious vegv,ta1.1«9 and pr«*ioM 
the affections termed tremblings. It also produces the^"»» >" '" 
lambs, which latter is always accompanied with black fetid feces, 
and i. readily removed by an ounce of castor o.l ; while the for- 
mer usually yields to half an ounce of oil of turpentme, beaten up 
with the yelk of an egg. Some herbs (as Atropa belladonna) when 
eaten prodace spasmodic affections, which are called by shepherd. 
leaping ill : in such cases the water solution of does {Vet. Pha 
164.) in doses of two or three ounces is useful. Daffy's ehxir we 
have also known to be given with good effect. 

220. The hove, Mast, or wind colic. Sheep are as liable to bo 
distended with an enormous collection within the maw, as oxen 
An instrument similar to that invented by Dr. Monro is also miulo 
for them; and when not relieved by these means, the same reme 
dies are applicable, as are directed for oxen. (188.) 

221. A wind colic will also sometimes affect sheep more froni 
the quality than the quantity of what they eat ; it is best relieved 
by an ounce of castor or salad oil with an ounce of gin. 

222. Inflamed liver, blood rot, or hot yellows, aie liver affections 
arising from fever settling in that organ ; or from obstructed bile 
irritating it. Sometimes there are great marks of fever, and at 
others more of putridity ; according to which, treat as may be 
gathered from ox pathology 

223. Jaundice also now and then occurs, when refer to that4is. 
ease in oxen. (197./ 

224. Dysentary. gall scour, hraxy. are all affections brought on 
oy sudden changes of temperature, or of undue moisture acting 
with cold pasturage. It is often seen in sultry autumns -.-Treat as 
under ox braxy. (196.) 

225. Scovring is the diarrhcea of sheep, and in very hot weather 
goon carries them off. It should be early attended to, by abstracU 
mg the affected and housing them. The treatment is seen undei 
diarrhea of oxen, a95,^ which it closely resembles. 

226. Pinning, tag-helt. break-share. The two former are only 
'he adhesion of the tail to the wool, and the excoriation brought 
on by diar'rhc^a ; the latter is the diarrha3a itself, known to some 
oy this term. 

*^-27 The rot in sheep is also called great rot. and hydropic rot, 
4.C. out it is mere popularly known by the single term ot rot. - 

Many causes have been assigned for it, as the faciola hepattca. or 
fluke worm; some particular plants eaten as food; ground eaiiiig: 
snails and other ingesta : but as most of the sujiposed deleterious 
herbs have been tried by way of experiment, and have failod Xu 
produce the disease, so it is attributable to some other cause. — 
Neither is there reason to suppose that the fluke worm occasions 
it, since we know the biliary vessels of other animals, as horses, 
asses, rats, &,c. often have them ; and above all, because tliat they 
are not always present in the rotted subject. From long expo, 
fience and the almost invariable effect produced by a humid state 
of atmosphere, soil, and product, we are warranted in concluding 
tliese are the actual and immediate agents ; perhaps the saturated 
food itself is suflicient to do it. The morning dew has been sup- 
posed*equal to it. Bake well, when his sheep were past service, 
used to rot tiiem purposely, that they might not pass into other 
haiiQd. This he always readily did by overflowing his pasturages. 
But great differences of opinion exist as to the quantity, form, and 
varieties of moisture productive of this fatal disease. It is said 
that Kind on which water flows, but does not stagnate, will not rot 
however moist ; but this is contradicted by the experience of Bake. 
well, who used merely to flood his lands a few times only to rot 
his sheep. It is also said that they are safe from rot on Irish bogs, 
salt marshes, and spring flooded meadows, which experience seems 
to verify. It is also said that the very hay made from unsound 
land will rot ; but this wants confirmation. When salt marshes 
are found injurious it is only in such years when the rain has satu- 
rated, or rather super-saturated such marshes. That putrid exha- 
lations unaccompanied with moisture can occasion rot, wants con. 
iirrnation also; for these commonly go together, and it is diflicult 
to separate their effects. It is not perhaps the actual quantity of 
water immediately received by land, but the capacity of that land 
to retain the moisture, which makes it particularly of a rotting 

228. The signs of rottenness are suflliciently familiar to persons 
about sheep. They first lose flesh, and what remains is flabby 
and pale; they lose also their vivacity. The naked parts as th« 
lips, tongue, &LC. look livid, and are alternately liot and cold in tho 
advanced stages. The eyes look sad and glassy, the brealh ia 
ftetid, the urine small in quantity and high coloured : and tho 
.lowels are at onetime costive and at another affected with a black 
jMirgiiig. The pelt will come off on the slightest pull in almost x\i 
cases. The disease has diflerent degrees of rapidity, but is dlwnva 
atal \i last 'J'his difference in degree occasions noiie rotioW 





r . 


nUeep lo tlirive well under its progrcus to a certain stage, when 
they suddenly fall off, and the disease pursues the same course witn 
the rest. Some graziers know this crisis of declension, as it has 
been called, and kill their sheep for market at the immediate nick 
ot tune with no loss. In these cases no signs of the disease are 
to be traced by ordinary inspectors, but the existence of the flukes, 
and still more a certain state of liver and of its secretions, are 
characteristic marks to the wary and experienced. 

229. The treatment of rot is seldom successful unless when it le 
early commenced, or when of a mUd nature ; a total change ii 
food is the first indication, and that to a dry wholesome kind : all 
the farina are good, as the meals of wheat, barley, oats, peas, 
beans, &c. Carrots have done good mixed with these ; b'foom, 
burnet, elder, and mellilot, as diuretics, have also been recom- 
mended ; but it is necessary to observe, that there is seldom any 
ventral effusion but in the latter stages of the complaint. As long 
as the liver is not wholly disorganized, the cure may be hoped by 
d simple removal of the cause, which has been shown to be a va 
riable temperature, with excessive moisture of pasturage ^hich 
may also be aided by such remedies as assist the action of the 
biliary system ; salt acts in this way, and thus salt mashes are good ; 
salt may also be given in the water. Salt appears the prmcipal 
ingredient in Flesh's patent restorative for sheep, for it states it 
to be composed of turpentine, sal ammoHiac, turmeric, quicksil. 
ver, brimstone, salt opium, alkanet root, bark, antimony, camphor, 
and distilled water; but in this medley none of the articles can be 
m sufficient quantity to prove useful, but the salt. In the more 
advanced stages of the disease, when the liver has become mate- 
rially affected, it is prudent to rub the bellies of each sheep with 
half a drachm of mercurial ointment every other day for a week ; 
give also the following, every morning ; watery tincture of aloes 
half an ounce ; decoction of willow bark, four ounces ; nitric acid 
twenty.five drops. 

230. The pelt rot, hunger rot, or naked disease, is a variety of 

the former, but with this difference, that whereas the liver in the 

hydroptic rot, is principally affected; in this the whole of the 

chylopoietic viscera are injured ; the mesenteric glands are al. 

ways swollen and obstructed, and from thence arises the emacia- 

„on and unhealthy state of all the secretions, by which the rot 

Moxomes incapable of receiving nutriment, and falls off leaviiig 

ilie hodv hare, and in the last stages the teeth and horns al.o 

'o<.ser. * Indifferent, unliealthy keeping, is a very common cau.e c* 

this malady, and a contrary course of feeding is the best remedy 
when tlie disease has not gone on too long. 

231. The scab, shab, ray or rubbers, are sometimes erysipelatoua 
eruptions, and sometimes they are psoric or mangy ones. In the 
former instance they are universal and very red, occasioning a great 
heat and itching, and are thence called the rubbers: in such cases, 
nitre administered quickly relieves, with change of food. The 
eruptive scab is seldom cured without an external application 
either of those directed for mange, lowered to half the strength^ 
will relieve it once. (See Vet. Pha, 171 and 172.) 

232. Foot rot sheep have a secretory outlet between the claws 
peculiar to them, which is liable to become obstructed : their feet 
are also liable to become injured, and then diseased, from travel- 
ling or continued standing on wet soils : but the real foot rot is an 
endemial affection which sometimes attacks half of the flock. It 
must be attended to by removing all diseased portions, and then 
dressing with the thrush paste, or foot rot application, (Vet. Ph. 
133,) and afterwards wrapping up from external exposure. 

233. Staggers, gid, turnsick, goggles, worm under the horn, stur 
dy, watery head, and pendro, are all popular terms for hydatids, or 
an animal now known as the tcenis globulus, which by some unac 
countable means, finds its way to the brain and settles itself there, 
either in some of its ventricles or more frequently on its substance. 
Their size varies from the smallest speck to that of a pigeon egg, 
and the sheep it attacks are usually under two years old. These 
animals are likewise occasionally found in all the natural cavities 
of the body. 

234. The appearances of cerebral hydatids are, stupidity, a dis- 
position to sit on the rump, to turn to one side, and to incline the 
head to the same while at rest. The eyes glare, and from oval, 
(he pupils become round. An accurate examination will now usu- 
ally discover some softness at a particular part of the skuJl, gene- 
rally on the contrary side to that which the animal hangs the head : 
when no softness of the skull is discernable, the iiydatid usually 
exists in some of the ventricles, and the destruction of the sheep 

8 certain and quick, from the greater disturbance to the functions 
>f the brain ; but when it is situated on the surface, it sometimc^s 
requires many mont lis to destroy; an absorption of the oone takes 
^tiace and the hydatid increases, which produces the thit ness in ttfu 
KKiiU ouposite to the affected part. 






235. This disease is not incurable, as has been supposed, but il it 
only r3lieved by a manual operation. In France it has been success, 
fully treated by the application of the actual cautery : a pointed 
iron, heated red hot, is forced through the skm and skull, to the 
■urface of the brain ; the principal nicity of which, is in penetrating 
the hydatid with the hot iron without wounding the brain itself. 
In England, some shepherds are very dexterous at wiring, which 
thoy do by thrusting a wire up the nostrils till it rests against the 
ikull. In the passage of the wire, the hydatid is usually ruptured ; 
others elevate the skull (by means of a trephine, or even a knife) 
opposite to the soften portion, and extract the hydatid, if possi 
ble, whole, which a little care will effect, by drawing it away 
with a blunt pincer, gently moving it from side to side. Tapping 
IS merely letting out the fluid contents of the hydatid by an awl. 
which is practised by some sheplierds with success ; and if the 
mstrument be not thrust too far, the animal is never injured ; to 
avoid which, it is passed obliquely. A well hardened gimblet is 
a proper instrument, with which the skull is easily penetrated, 
and an opening by the twisting of the instrument is made, suffi. 
ciently large in the hydatid itself, to discharge its contents, which 
IS all that is sufficient to insure its destruction, and which, if no 
other exist, is followed by immediate recovery. 

236. Frontal worms. Sheep are observed to gather together, 
with their noses thrust inward to avoid the attack of the cDstrus 
ovis, or fly, that lays its eggs on the inner margin of the nose, 
which, having become hatched, the larva creep up into the fron- 
tal and maxillary sinuses, to the torment of the sheep. It is re- 
commended to cover their nostrils during the short stay of these 
insects, with a gauzy substance, through which the animal can 
breathe, and keeping it on with some adhesive plaster, &c. or 
daubing the nose often with tar, train oil, or mercurial ointment, 
&c. Ucmcdy— Take half a pound of good Scotch snuff", pour two 
quarts of boiling water on it, stir it and let it stand till cold, inject 
ahout a table spoonful up each nostril, with a syringe ; repeat three 
or four times at proper intervals, from the middle of October to the 
first of January. Half an ounce of assafcEtida pounded in a little 
water added to the snuflT will make it more effectual. The owner 
^eed not be alarmed after the operation to see the sheep very 
irunk, &c. as they will soon recover. 

237. Fluke worms are a parasitic animal, found in tl.o biliary 
r.nusfcs, not only of the sheep, but of the horse, ass, goat, deer 
tc. and whose existence is rather a consequence than a cause of 
m .Tbidit.v 

^238. Diseases of lambs are conflnedto indigestion, and eruption 
of secreted matter: the former shows itself in colic, which is re- 
5(*ved as in sheep, and also by diarrhoea, to be likewise cured by 
the means detailed for them ; the latter is more obstinate, begins 
on the rump, gradually extending along the chine, and when it 
becomes more universal, it usually destroys. The cure consists in 
giving daily drinks of half a drachm of cream of tartar, and one 
drachm of sulphur, in four ounces of chamomile decoction. Anomt 
also with mild mercurial ointment and Turner's cerate m equa! 

239. Poison. Sheep are oflen poisoned by eating laurel or ivy, 
as it is commonly called (not the magnolium.) The symptoms oi 
which is their foaming at the mouth, tlien vomiting the half mas- 
ticated leaves and green juice, by which the mouth of the animal 
is discoloured. Remedy — Take a gill of sweet oil, hog's lard, or 
fresh butter ; mix it with x pint of new milk. If taken seasonably 
it will effect a cure. Or, an egg given to each of the diseased, in 
the shape of a natural bolus, by simply breaking the egg snd slip, 
ping the yelk, and as much white as practicable, down the throat 
of tho animal. The sheep, after swallowing the egg, will vomit 
dp the leaves and green juice, but none of the egg. To cows give 
four times the quantity. 

240. To destroy sheep ticks* Make a weak solution of arsenic, 
in which the lambs are to be dipped a few days after shearing 
the sheep, as the ticks having then no harbour on the old sheep, 
will resort to the lambs for shelter — this is the time to destroy 
them. Not the smallest injury will occur to the sheep, provided 
you take care to keep the head out of the water. Three persons 
are necessary — two to hold and dip the Iamb, the third to squeeze 
the wool while the lamb is held over the tub. Or — An ointment 
made of Scotch snuff" and hog's lard, or train oil. will kill or destroy 
them by one application. One ounce of snuflT to a pouud of lard 
or oil. is about the p<oportion. 

241. The castrattng /amb». maybe performed anytime from tlia 
age of a fortnight or three weeks, to that of a month or six weeks, 
the lambs should be in a healthy state wh«n it is done, as under 
any other circumntance they are likely to be destroyed by it. The 
operation is performed by opening the scrotum or cod and draw- 
ing out the testicles with the spermatic cord. This is often done 
with the teeth in the young state of the animal, but when the ope 
ration in performed at a later period, it is usual to have recour«« 





to the knife, the arteries being taken up and secured by means o< 
ligatures or the searing iron ; the business to be done in fair wua 
tiier, when not too warm ; the gelded lambs, &c. should be kept id 
a dry shelter and quiet situation for a few days. 

Sore nipples. Lambs very often die of hunger from their dami 
refusing them suck. The cause of this is sore nipples, or sonie 
tumour in the udder, in which Violent pMn in excited by the strik- 
ing of the lamb. Washing with 8»iu^- d' \i^'\^n'\ waMr d •uintm 
wil remove the complaint. 




242. Swine are subject to f>arious diseases^ but according to Lau 
rence, they are not easily doctored. They are subject, he wiys, lo 
pox or measles, blood striking, staggers, quincy, indigestion, catarrh* 
peripneumonia, and inflammation of the lungs, called heavings. 
When sick, pigs will eat, and they will take medicine in their wash , 
when they will not eat, there is no help for them. As aperients, 
cleansers, and alteratives, sulphur, antimony, and madder, are our 
grand specifics, and they are truly useful. As cordials and tonics, 
treacle and strong beer, in warm wash, and good peas and pollard, 
in the measles, sulphur, Slc. and, if the patient require it, give cor. 
dials now and then ; in staggers, bleeding, fresh air, and perhaps 
nitre ; in catarrh, a warm bed, and warm cordial wash, and the same 
in quincy or inflammation of the glands in the throat. If external 
suppuration appear likely, discharge the matter when ripe, and 
dress with tar and brandy, or balsam. The heavings or unsoundnesi 
of the lungs in pigs, like the unsoundness of the liver in lambs, is 
sometimes found to be hereditary ; there is no remedy. This dis. 
ease in pigs is oflen the consequence of colds from wet lodging, or 
hasty feeding in a poor state ; in a certain stage it is highly inflam- 
matory, and without remedy. Unction with train oil, and the 
lulernal ise cf it, have been sometimes thought beneficial. 

243. Cutting and spaying. Cutting the young pig is perfonned 
It six or seven weeks old, according to their strength ; in a week 
after which they may be weaned. After weaning shut up the sow 
closely, feed well, and on the reflux of the milk, she will express 
very loudly her desire for the company of the boar. It is necessary 
to Slate that sows are voracious, and occasionally fierce and savage 
UiiMaU, and have actually devoured young children. The «ow is 






.payed while s,.c gives sucU. and U. boar^^^eiy — at a„, 
ago. Tl.e operation of ca.lralwg ^s P«''°'™^ "^ ^, ^^^ ^nd 
.L. t,.o .n.aa,e of eac. ^^ , -/; ^S .^IL. in t.. 
anoint the wound with tar. S^paymg f ^^ 

extirpate or cut off he P-rtsde ^^„,, keeping the anunal 

„p the wound, ano.m0.e P'^ ^^ . ^„ ,„^k«t,,e incision 

.arm for two or three days. Th« JJ^Jfy j.„^, ^ „, 

... a «loi''"g ™-""';7'",tcU To feelt the ovaries, which are 
,..,.y be put in towards the back to feel f ^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^_ ^^^ ^, 

:;:riV aSr traZZ "wW. t.. cord or .ring i. c.t. 
and thiifi both taken out. 


V 14. The diseases of dogs are very numerous. The 
Ijilowing are described by Blaine as the most prova- 
knt, with their methods of cure. 

245. The canine asthma is hardly ever observed to attack any 
but cither old dogs, or those who, by confinement, too full livinij, 
and want of exorcise, may be supposed to have become diseased hy 
titose deviations from a state of nature. It is hardly possible to keep 
a dog very fat for any great length of time, without bringing it on. 
This cough is frequently confounded with the cough that precedes 
and accompanies the distemper, but it may be readily distinguished 
from this by an attention to circumstances, as the age of the animal, 
its not affecting the general health, nor producing immediate ema. 
elation, and its less readily giving way to medicine. 

246. The cure is oflen very difficult, because the disease has in 
general been long neglected before it is sufficiently noticed by th« 
owners. As it is m general brought on by conhnement, too much 
•V'.innth, and over feeding ; so it is evident the cure must be begun 
•y a steady, persevering alteration in these particulars. The mcdi 
cittes most useful, i^e alteratives, andof tiiese occasionally emeticfi 
•ro the best. One grain of tartarised antimony (i.e. tartar emetics 
with two, three, or four grains of calomel, is a very useful ancJ 
Valuable emetfc. This dose is sufficient for a small dog, ana nin\ 
bft'repeutod twice a week with groat success — always with palliation 

247. Of diseases of the eye^ dogs arc subject to alinoKt as gre.-it • 
Variety as ourselves, many of which end in blindness. No tr«a» 
Qionl yet <liscovijri'.d will remove or prevujit thiii comutaint.. 



(.'• -j:^ 






248. &ore eyes, though not in general ending in blindnew, nn 
very common among dogs. It is an affection of the eyelids, is not 
unlike the scrofulous affection of the human eyelids, and is equally 
benefitted by the same treatment : an unguent made of equal parts 
of nitrated quicksilver ointment, prepared tutty and lard, very lightly 
applied. Dropsy of the eyeball is likewise sometimes met with, 
uut it is incurable. 

249. Cancer, The virulent dreadful ulcer, that is so fatal in th» 
human subject, and is called cancer, is unknown in dogs ; yet ther# 
is very commonly a large schirrus swelling of the teats in bitches 
and of the testicles (though less frequent) in dogs, that as it some 
times becomes ulcerated, so it may be characterized by this name 
In the early state of the disease discuti«nts prove useiVil, as vmegai 
with salt, and camphor and Spanish flies, with mercurial ointment, 
iave sometimes succeeded ; taking care to avoid irritating the part 
1*0 mucli as to produce blister. But when the swelling is detached 
from the belly, and hangs pendulous in the skin, it had better be 
removed, and as a future preventative suffer the bitch to breed. 
Schirrus testicles are likewise s >mctimes met with; for these no 
treatment yet discovered succeeds but the removal of the part, and 
tiiat before the spermatic chord becomes much affected, or it will 
be useless. 

250. Colic. Dogs are subject to two kinds of colic; one arising 
from constipation of the bowels, the other is a kind peculiar to dcg«, 
apparently partaking of the nature of rheumatism, and also of spasm. 
From a sudden or violent exposure to cold, dogs become sometimes 
suddenly paralytic, particularly in the hinder parts ; having great 
tenderness and pain, and every appearance of lumbago. In every 
ins^tance of this kind, there is considerable affection of the bowels, 
generally costiveness, always great pain. A warm bath, external 
Btmmlants, but more particularly active aperients, remove the colic. 
Colic arising from costiveness. is not in general violently acute from 
tne pain it produces; sometimes, however, it appears accompanied 
with more spasm than is immediately dependent on the confinem mt 
of the bowels. In theformer give active aperients, as calomel w th 
pil. cochioD, i. e. aloetic pill and clysters; in the latter caslDr jJ 
with laudanum and ether. ^' 

2.HI. Cough. Two kinds of cough are common among dogi, en# 
accompanying distemper, the other in an asthmatic affection of tht 

fchest. (See 245. 252.) 

252. Distemper. This is by far the most common and mo«t fatal 
among tlie diseasen of dogs ; hardly any young dog escapes it— and 
of the few who do escape it in their youtn, mree-iourihs are attacked 
vith it ut HMne oeriod afterwards : it being a mistake that young 



dogts only have it. It however, generally attacks before the animal 
arrives at eighteen months old. When it comes on very early, the 
chances of recovery are very small. It is peculiarly fatal to grov 
hounds, much more so than to any other kind of dog. generally 
carryingr them off by excessive scouring. It is very contagious, but 
it is by no means necessary that there should be contagion present 
ID produce it ; on the contrary, the constitutional liability to it is 
euch, that any coid taken may bring it on ; and hence it is very com- 
mon to date its commencement from dogs being thrown into water, 
or shut out on a rainy day, &c. There is no disease which pre- 
sents such varieties as this, either in its mode of attack, or during 
its continuance. In some cases it commences by purging, in others 
oy fits. Some have cough only, some waste, and others have 
moisture from the eyes and nose, without any other active symptom. 
Moist eyes, dullness, wasting with slight cough, and sickness, are 
the common symptoms that betoken its approach. Then purging 
comes on, and the moisture from the eyes and nose from mere mucus, 
beconxes pus or matter — there is also frequently, with a 
weakness in the loins. When the disease In this latter case is not 
speedily removed, universal palsy comes on^-during the progress 
of the complaint some dogs have fits. When one fit succeedn 
another quickly, the recovery is extremely doubtful. Many dog« 
are carried off rapidly by the fits or by purging; other waste gradu- 
ally from the running from the nose and eyes, and these cases are 
always accompanied with great marks of putridity. 

253. The cure. In the early stages of the complaint give Emetics ; 
(hey are peculiarly useful. A large spoonful of common salt dis- 
solved in three spoonfuls of warm water, has been recommended ; 
the quantity of salt being increased according to the siee of the dog, 
and the difificulty of making him vomit. While a dog remains 
strong, one every other day is not too much : the bowels should be 
kept open, but active purging should be avoided. In case the com- 
plaint should be accompanied with excessive looseness, it should be 
immediately stopped by balls made of equal parts of opium, gum 
arabic, prepared chalk, and conserve of roses with rice milk as food 
Two or three grains of James* powder may be advantageosuly given 
at ni^jht, in caseMrhere the bowels are not affected, and in the casea 
where the matter from the nose and eyes betokens much putridity, 
we have witnessed great benefits from balls made of what ia termen 
Kriar*8 balsam, gum guaiacum, and chamomile flowers in powder 
Dogs in every stage of the disease should be particularly well fed. 
A seton we have not found so useful as is generally supposed . 
vi'Uere the nose is much stopped rubbing tar on the upper part :» 







nscfiil. wid when there 18 ii.ucl. Rtni-idily and Ihc head ieem. i^.u-r. 
airccied, a blister on the lop is serviceable. 

Or, Take one part aloes, two parts salt petre, and four parts s„l. 
pl.ur; incorporate the whole together, and take as n.uch as will he 
on the point of a dinner knife, either put it into warm, and 
dreneh the dog, or give it to him in slices of meat. Tie up yo,., 
oog for twenty.four hours after, and repeat the same m a day or two 
after, should the dog not be relieved. 

254. Fits. Dogs are peculiarly subject to fits. These are ot 
various kinds and arise from various causes. In distemper, dojc« 
are frequently attacked with convulsive fits, which bcgm with a 
chan,ping of the n.outh and shaking of the head, gradually exten. mg 
over the whole body. Sometimes an active emetic will stop Ihe.r 
progress, but more generally they prove fatal. Worms ^ro often the 
cause of fits in dogs. These deprive the animal whol y of sense . 
he runs wild till ho becomes exhausted, when he gradually reco^^ers, 
and perhaps does not have one again for some weeks. Confine 
ment produces fits and likewise costiveness. Cold water thrown 
over a dog will generally remove the present attack of a fit ; and 
for the prevention of their future recurrence it is evident that tho 
foreeoing account of causes mu.t be attended to. 

255. Mamed boweU. Dogs are very subject to inflammation 
of their bowels, fVom costiveness, from cold, or from poison. When 
inflammation arises from costiveness, it is in general very slow m 
,ts progress, and is not attended with very acute pam. but it is 
characterized by the want of evacuation and the vomiting of food 
taken, though it may be eaten with apparent appetite. In these 
cases, the principal means to be made use of. are the removal of 
the constipation by active purging, clysters, and the warm bath. 
Calomel with aloes forms the best purge. But when the inflam 
maUon may be supposed to arise from cold, then the removal o. 
any costiveness that present, is but a "'"^-^''Y """f:;; 
ation. This active kind of inflammation is characterued by v.okn 
panting, total rejection of food and constant sickness. There is great 
he" Tn' he bellj. and great pain ; it is al.o accon^panied with great 
Weakness and the eyes are very red. The boweU sho.dd be g nUy 
onenod with clysters, but no aloes or calomel d^^^A be made us, 
T The belly should be blistered, having firstused the warm bath 
When the inflammation arise, from poison, there is then cons an 
Ikne.s the nose, paws and ears are cold, and there ,s a frequent 
^vacuaUor ol oro^n or bloody stools. Castor oil should be given 
«rcry-t.r. of mutton broth thrown up. but it is seldom any treat- 

""asV" Ml<i lu'','- riourisy is not an uncomnor disea- 

am.jng dogs. It is sometimes epidemic, carrying off great numbors. 
Its attack is rapid and it generally terminates in death on tho third 
day, by a great effusion of water in the chest. It is seldom that 
•t is taken in time, when it is, bleeding is useful, and blisters may 
be applied to the chest. 

257. Madness, The symptoms of madness are concisely summed 
up by Daniel, in the following words : ♦* at first the dog looks dull, 
ehows an aversion to his food and company, does not bark as usual, 
but seems to murmur; is peevish and apt to bite strangers; his 
cars and tail drop more than usual, and he appears drowsy ; after, 
wards he begins to loll out his tongue and froth at the mouth, his 
eyes seeming heavy and watery ; if .not confined he soon goes off. 
runs panting along' with a dejected air, and endeavours to bite any 
one he meets." As persons are continually alarmed at the approach 
of every strange dog, the following observations founded on expe- 
rience may be of service in knowing what dogs to avoid : I have 
seen many mad dogs but never know one in that state to curl its 
tail. This is a certain indication of not being mad ; If you see a 
dog dirty at the mouth, coming at a trot with his head high, and a 
drooping tail avoid him as a viper. Or if you see one sitting sicklv 
and dirty at the mouth, avoid him, though it is not likely that he 
will snap at you in that period of the disease. I never met a mad 
dog, on being pursued, (if his pursuers were not in actual reach to 
stone him, Slc.) to exhibit any signs of fear, he generally goes if 
not impeded, in a straight lin« against the wind at a brisk trot, 
wholly unconcerned at the shouts of the multitude pursuing him, 
and never squats his tail. I never knew a dog that was not mad, on 
being pursued and shouted after by a number of people, not to exhibit 
every symptom of terror — squatting his tail, turning his head and 
scampering in every direction. If a mad dog escapes being killed, 
he seldom runs above two or three days, when he dies, exhausted 
with heat, hunger, and disease. As this is a subject of no slight 
importance, we shall stand excused for introducing the eriteria as 
described by Blaine, whose account of the disease founded on long 
experience and attentive observation, is calculated to remove many 
unfounded and dangerous prejudices relative to it. He describes it 
as commencing sometimes by dullness, stupidity and retreat from 
observation ; but more frequently, particularly in these dogs that 
«re immediately domesticated around us, by some alteration in their 
natural habits ; as a disposition to pick up and swallow every minute 
object on the ground; or to lick the parts of another dog incessantly, 
or to lap his own urine, Slc. About the second or third Jay. th« 
disease usually resolves itself into one of two types. The one is t>«. 
led raging and the other dumb madness. These distinctix^ns are no« 






15' : 


|,.,w«Ter aUays clear ; and to which is owing so much of di«r.p. 
■ in the accounts given by different persons ot the disease. 

258. Tlie raging ,nadne,s, by its term has led to an erroneous 
conclusion, that it is accompanied with violence and fury, which 
however, is seldom the case : such dogs are .rr.table and 
and will commonly fly at a stick held to them, and are nnpat.ent of 
restraint; but they are seldom violent except when >"'tated "r 
worried. On the contrary, till the last moment they will often 
acknowledge the voice of their master and yield some obedience to 
it Neither will they usually turn out of their way to bite human 
persons, but they have an instinctive disposition to do it to dogs, 
and in a minor degree to other animals also ; but as before observed, 
seldom attack mankind without provocation. 

259 Dumb madms, is so called, because there is seldom any 
barking heard, but more particularly, because the jaws drop para- 
lytic, and the tongue lolls out of the mouth, black, and apparently 
strangulated : a strong general character of the disease, is he dis- 
position to scratch their bed towards their belly; and equally so » 
the general tendency to eat trash, a. hay. straw, wood, coals, d.rt. 
&c. and it should be remembered, that this is so very common and 
,o invariable, that the finding these matters in the stomach after 
death, should always render a suspicion formed of the existence of 
the disease, confirmed into certainty. Blaine is also at great pain, 
to disprove the notion generally entertained that rabjd dogs are 
averse to water ; and neither drink or come near it This error he 
contends, ha. led to most dangerous results ; and is so far from 
true, that mad dogs, from their heat and fever, are -licitous fo, 
wat;r, and lap it eagerly. When the dumb kind exists m its f«l 
force dogs cannot swallow what they attempt to lap ; but st.U they 
w 1 ;iunge their heads in it, and appear to feel relief by it: W i, 
To u'stance out of many hundreds, did he ever discover the sma le^ 
aversion to it. He lays very great stress on the "oise made by 
rabid dogs, which he says is neither a bark nor a howl but . 
one compounded of both. It has been said by some that th« 
disorder is occasioned by heat or bad food, and by others that 
it never arise, from any other cause but the bite. Accordingly 
this malady is rare in the northern parts of Turkey, more rare in 
he southern parts of that empire, and totally unknown undc 
the burning sky of Egypt. At Aleppo, <vhere these animal 
perish in great numbers for want of water and food. -^ by the of the climate, this disorder was never known. In cthe. 
par.» of Africa and in the hottest zone in America, dog. are ne- 
.er attacked with madness. Blaine knows of no mstance of th, 
n..„,„l,uni beiiiK cured, although ho has tried ta their fullest e.ten«. 

th« popular remedies of profuse l)lecdin{rs, strong mercurial and ar- 
senical doses, vinegar, partial drowning, night shade, water plan 
tain, &.C. lie therefore recommends tht attention to be principally 
directed towards the prevention of the malady. 

260. The preventive treatment of rabies or madness, is according 
lo Blaine, always an easy process in the human subject, from the 
inmiediate part bitten, being easily detected ; in which case the 
removal of the part by excision or cautery is an effectual remedy. 
But unfortunate for the agriculturist, it is not easy to detect the 
bitten parts in cattle, nor m dogs ; and it would be therefore most 
desirable if a certain internal preventive were generally known. 
Dr. Mead's powder, the Ormskirk powder, sea bathing, and man^ 
other nostrums are deservedly in disrepute : while a few country 
remedies, but little known beyond their immediate precincts, havb 
maintained some character. Conceiving that these must all pos- 
sess some ingredient in common, he was at pains to discover it 
and which he appears to have realized by obtaining among others 
the compositions of Webb's Watford drink. In this mixture, wliich 
IS detailed below, he considers the active ingredient to be the buxus 
or box, which has been known as a prophylactic as long as tht> 
times of Hippocrates and Celsus, who both mention it. The reci. 
po detailed below has been administered to nearly three hundred 
animals of different kinds, as horses, cows, sheep, swine and dogs '. 
and appears to have succeeded in nineteen out of every twenty cases 
where it was fairly taken and kept on the stomach. It appears 
also equally efficacious in the human subject ; in which case he 
advises the extirpation of the bitten parts also. The box preven- 
tive is thus directed to be prei>ared : — Take of the fresh leaves of 
the tree-box, two ounces ; of the fresh leaves of rue, two ounces; of 
sage, half an ounce ; chop these fine and boil in a pint of water to 
half a pint; strain carefully, and press out the liquor very firmly, 
put back the ingredients into a pint of milk, and boil again to half 
a pint ; strain as before ; mix both liquors, which forms three do 
BOS for a human subject. Double this quantity is proper for n horse 
or cow. Two-thirds of the quantity is sufficient for a larg*i dog , 
half for a middling sized, and one-third for a small dog. Tliree do. 
BOS are sufficient, giving each subsequent morning fasting, tho quan 
tity directed being that which forms these three doses. As it some, 
times produces strong effects on dogs, it may be proper to begin 
with a small dose, but in the case of dogs we hold it always pni- 
dent to increase the dose till the effects are evident, by the sick 
n<'}»8, panting, and uneasiness of tiie dog. In me human s'^bjecl 
whore this remedy appears equally efficacious, we have never wiu 
<»ts8o<l any unpleasant or a<nive effects, n»Mther are such obwxrvev 






i,, I 

. 'i 


in cattle of any kind. About forty human persons have taken thit 
remedy, and in every instance it has eucceeded equally as with am. 
inals : but candor obliges us to notice that in a considerable pro. 
portion of these, other means were used, as the actual or potential 
cautery : but in all the animals other means were purposely omit, 
ted. That this remedy therefore has a preventive quality, is un- 
questionable, an/^ now perfectly established ; for there was not tho 
•mallest doubt of the animals mentioned either having been bitten, 
or of the dog being mad who bit them, as great pains were in every 
instance taken to ascertain these points, 

261. To prevent canine madness. Pliny recommends worming 
of dogs ; and from his time to the present it has had, most de- 
servedly says Daniel its advocates. He tells us, that he had various 
opportunities of proving the usefulness of this practice, and re- 
commends its general introduction. The fact, however, is, that 
taking out the worm has nothing to do with annihilating the dis 
order, although it will most certainly hinder the dog seized with 
It from doing any hurt to man or beast. A late author asserts, he 
had three dogs that were wormed, bit by mad dogs at three se- 
veral periods, yet notwithstanding they all died mad— they d.d 
not bite, nor do any mischief, that being determined to make a 
full experiment, he shut one of the mad dogs up in a kennel, and 
put to him a dog he did not value— the mad dog often run at the 
other to bite him, but his tongue was so swelled that he could 
not make his teeth meet ; the dog was kept in the kennel until 
I he mad one died, and was purposely preserved for two years af- 
lerwards, to note the effect, but he never ailed any thing, although 
no remedies were applied to check any infection that might have 
been received from the contact of the dog. The writer has had 
various opportunities of proving the usefulness of worming, and 
inserts three of the most striking instances, under the hope of in- 
ducing its general practice. A terrier-bitch went mad, that was 
kept in a kennel with forty couple of hounds; not a single hound 
was bitten, nor was she seen to offer to bite. The bitch being o^ 
a peculiar sort, every attention was paid to the gradations of tho 
disease (which were extremely rapid) minutely noted ; the hy. 
drophobia was fast approaching before she was separated from 
the hounds, and she died the second day after ; at first warm milk 
was placed before her. which she attempted to lap, but the throat 
■efused its functions; from this period she never tried to eat or 
drink, seldom rose up, or even moved, the tongue -welled v.iy 
much, and long before her death the jaws were distended by it. 
A spaniel was observed to be seized by a strange dog, and wa. 
nit in the lip ; the servant who ran up to part them narrowly em^ 

tti^A, as the dog twice flow at him ; a few minutes af\or Umi 
dog had quitted tho yard, the people who had pursued, gave no. 
lice of the dog's madness, who had made terrible havoc in a 
course of ten miles from whence he jiad set off. The spaniel was 
n irreat favourite, had medicine applied, and every precaution ta- 
ken ; upon the fourteenth day he appeared to loathe his food, and 
his eyes looked unusually heavy : the day following he endeavored 
to lap milk, but could swallow none ; from that time the tongue 
began to swell : he moved but seldom and on the third day he died ; 
for many hours previous to his death, the tongue was so enlarged, 
that the fangs or canine teeth could not meet each other by up. 
wards of an inch. The hounds were some years afler parted with, 
and were sold in lots : a madness broke out in the kennel of the 
gentleman who purchased many of them, and although several of 
these hounds were bitten and went mad, only one of them ever 
attempted to bite, and that was a hound from the Duke of Port- 
land's, who in the operation of worming had the worm broke by 
his struggling, and was so troublesome that one half of it was suf. 
fcred to remain ; the others all died with symptoms similar to the 
terrier and spaniel, viz : a violent swelling of the tongue, and a 
stupor rendering them nearly motionless, and both which symp. 
tonis seemed to increase with the disease. The idea that worming 
prevents a dog from receiving the infection when bitten should be 
exploded ; but the foregoing show how far it may be recommended 
for the restriction of a malady horrid in its effects, where a human 
oeing is concerned, and which to the sportsman and farmer are at- 
tended with such dangerous and expensive consequences. Blaine 
on the contrary, asserts, that the practice of worming is wlioHv 
useless and founded in error ; and that tlie existence of any thing 
like a worm under the tongue is incontestibly proved to be false , 
and that what has been taken for it, is merely a deep ligature of 
the skin, placed there to restrain the tongue in its motions. He 
also observes, that the pendulous state of the tongue in what i» 
called dumb madness, with the existence of a partial paralysis oJ 
tjie under jaw, which they could not bite, having happened to dogs 
previously wormed, has made the inability to be attributed to this 
source, but which is wholly an accidental circumstance ; and hap. 
pens equally to the wormed and unwormed dog. 

262. The worming of whelps is performed with a lancet, to siit 
the thin skin which immediately covers the worm ; a small awl is 
then to be introduced under the centre of the worm to raise it up, 
tlie farther end of the worm will with very little force make its 
appearance, and with a cloth taking hold of that end, the other 
vill be drawn out easily ; care should be taken that tho whole o» 

' I,;. . 1 * 


t: I 


WSEVSES OF i»oas. 

tl,e worn, comes away without breaking, and it rarely breaks un 
•ess cut into by tlie lancet, or wounded by the awl. 

263. Mange. This is a very frequent disease in dogs, and i. an 
affection of the skin, either caught by contagion, or generated by 
the animal. The scabby mange breaks out in blotches along tho 
back and neck and is common to Newfoundland dogs, terrors, 
pointers, and spaniels, and is the most contagious. The cure 
should be begun by removing the first exciting cause, if remova. 
ble, such as filth or poverty ; or, as more general the contrary 
(for both will equally produce it,) too full living. Then an ap. 
plication should be made to the parU, consisting of sulphur and 
sal a mmoniac : tar lime water will also assist. When there .s much 
heat and itching, bleed and purge. Mercurials sometimes assist 
but they should be used with caution ; dogs do not bear them wcl.. 
Or, fresh butter, free from salt, quarter of a pound ; red prec.p.tato. 
one ounce ; Venice turpentine, one ounce : mix the whole well to. 
gether. and put it into a pot for use. rub it on the parts affecte.1 
morning and evening, keep your dog Ued up, and keep hi,n warn 

and dry for some days. 

264. Worms. Dogs suffer very much from worm.,, which as in 
most animals, so in them are of several kinds: but the effects pr... 
duced are nearly similar. In dogs having the worms the coat gen- 
erally stares ; the appetite is ravenous though the animal frequently 
does not thrive ; the breath smells, and the stools «e »lng^la^ 
sometimes loose and slimy, and at others hard and ^'X >ut »^ 
most evil they produce is occasional fits, or sometimes a continued 
state of convulsion, in which the animal lingers sometime and then 
dies- the fits they produce are sometimes of the violent kind , at 
o ners hey exhibi't a more stupid character, the ^oz^^^^^^^^^^ 
and eoing round continually. The cure consisU while in this state. 
LactWe purgatives joined with opium, and the warm bath , any 
"ugh sul^unce given - internally. acU as a vermifuge to prevent 

ihe recurrence. 











1 ! 


..'I' J! 



The Publisher of the following work, with a view 
to an extension of its value, and to bestow on posterity 
a list of some of our most celebrated blood horses and 
mares, as well as those that have been imported, ha* 
added, with all the care the object so well merits, an 
American Stud Book, that such as may wish to breed 
from a particular stock, may trace the pedigree, in a 
way more satisfactory than vague report. Tlie pub- 
hshcr thankfully acknowledges, that he is much in- 
debted for information derived from the " American 
Farmer,*^ and ^^ American Turf Register,^ edited by 
J. S. Skinner, Esq. of Baltimore, to which works he 
confidently refers such of his readers as may wish fur- 
ther information as to the performance of many of the 
stud herein noticed, as well as for other particulars, 
perhaps too numerous for insertion in a small volume. 

The publisher will not deny, that errors may una- 
voidably occur in a work of this sort ; but he offers it 
with a confidence, nevertheless, that it contains a 
greater number of pedigrees of blooded horses, than 
has been ever before published in our country; and 
that it will be considered, at least, as meritmg the con- 
sideration which should attach to a work, possibly 
proving an introduction to a complete Stud Book. 


liespectfully inscribed to the Amateur, Sportsman 
and Breeder oftlw American Turf Horse. 

Annah of the Turf.-'> The tranHcondcnt conseauence of .1.. 

trtatea with a distinction and attendance befitting his rank as the 
I .an^'aZe "uT''"''' "PPr'""""^ '" society and servie to 

..^niave'bce" negle^Ll"""'''''''"' """ "'"•^"'''^ "' ""« """^ "- 

'or^e, IS no less just m sentiment than hca.itifnl in laneuaire It 

•' in irh ,''""'"' T' *""''''«'' '"« conformation adapt. 
nor ist w "^"^ ^""^ '!*"?? '■^»''i<'"''l''<' with a certain clasl 

r.o ve ii I •'^'"■""''•'" "•'"'•""' "■■■'t tl-e l-reed of horses liavin« 
Z7i.or,i , ""'r™"""" "f «''i'^l> it i» »..«coptibl«. from thj 
t-.oou ,iorse._ th„ further propajfation of the latter is u„eU,s8 ; IhoT 









would furthei nave horse racing abolished, and the horses applied 
generally as stallions. But the use which those sort of reasouers 
would propose to derive from the racing breed, would soon destroy 
.tself. They do not consider that in racing the necessity for thnr* 
'tugh blood, is obvious and imperative, and such is a sure ground 
of its preservation. Were tlie sports of the turf to be abandoned, 
lliat unerring testy by w\iich to ascertain the purity of the blood, 
•nd the other requisite qualities of the race horse, would be lost, 
and consequently, that glorious and matchless species, the thorough 
bred courser, would in no great length of time, become extincv 
among us— and with him all his noble and valuable properties, and 
his place be supplied by a gross, ill-sliaped, or spider legged mongrel, 
which would insure the degeneration of the whole race. I would 
ask, is not a cross of the blood horse upon the common stock in- 
dispensable to insure us light footed and quick moving saddle hor. 
ses ? Where do we go for the parade or cavalry horse if it is not 
the blooded stock, or to those highly imbued with that blood ? Did 
not the speed and wind of the cavalry horses of Colonels Lee and 
Washington, during the revolutionary war, give those commanders 
a decided superiority over the enemy in the kind of warfare they 
waged, where celerity of movement was all important ? and were 
not those horses procured in Maryland and Virginia, and partook 
of the best racing blood of those states? The value of the blood, or 
southern horse, from their ability to carry high weights, was strongly 
exemplified in the wars of the ancients ; as they rode to war m 
heavy armour, and always selected and preferred for this purpose 
their highest bred horses, which were also frequently covered, like 
tlieir riders, in heavy armour. In former times in England, their 
hunters were only half bred horses, but later observations and expe- 
rience have fully convinced them that only those that are thorough 
bred (notwithstanding the popular clamour of their deficiency in 
bone) are adequate in speed, strength, and durability, to long and 
severe chases with fleet hounds, particularly over a deep country, 
and that tiiey will always break down any horses of an opposite 
description that may be brought into the field. 

The value of the racing blood when crossed upon the common 
cart breed is also apparent in making them superior in the plough 
and wagon, provided they have the requisite size, arising from 
quicker action and a better wind particularly in the long hot days 
of summer. There is the same difference of motion between the 
race and the common bred horse as between a coach and a cart. 
It •« moreover a fact, although not generally known, that no other 
horses are capable of carrying with expedition such heavy weights ; 
and were " a thirty stone plate (420 lbs.) to be given, and the dis- 
tancc made fifty miles, it would be everlastingly won by the thor- 
ough bred horse. There is only one way in which a bred horse wou d 
be beat at high weights; it would be (to use a queer phrase.) to 
- nmke it a stand still race ; in that rase, I would back a cart horse ; 
, thii.K he would beat a racer by hours." 

The strencrth of the race horse, and his ability to carry high 
weights, arise from the solidity of his bones, the close texture ot his 
fibres, the bulk and substance of his tendons, and from his whole 

peculiar conformation. His superior speed and endurance originate 
from his obliquely placed shoulders, depth in the girth, deep oval 
quarters, broad fillets, pliable sinews, and from tlie superior due 
tility and elasticity of his muscular appendages. 

It is also from the blood horse that we acquire fineness of skin 
and hair, symmetry and regularity of proportions, elegance and 
grandeur. As a proof of the latter qualities, the highest dressed 
horses of the ancient emperors are invariably of the highest cast of 
Arabian or Southern blood. 

The object of the preceding remarks was to show the impolicy 
of discouraging the sports of the turf, as being the indispensable 
test by which to try the purity of our blooded stock, and the only 
certain means of insuring its preservation ; that the thorough bred 
horse was beyond all question, the most useful species of the whole 
genus, since he was applicable to every possible purpose of labour 
in which horses are used, either for the saddle, for war, parade, 
hunting, the road or quick draught, and even for the laborious ser! 
vices of the wagon and plough. It now only remains to make some 
remarks (as connected with the above tepics) on the standing and 
prospects of future patronage which the sports of the turf have in 
England and this country. It is an undeniable fact that the high 
degree of improvement lo which the blood of stock horses in Eng 
land have attained, is mainly owing to the liberal and weighty pa 
tronage which has invariably been extended to the sports of tiio 
turf in that country ; it is patronised as a national amusement by 
the royal favour and munificence, and directly encouraged by tiie 
most distinguished nobility and gentry; by men who are ranked as 
her chief statesmen. The decline of this sport has frequently been 
^ predicted in that country, particularly at unfortunate periods of 
war and distress ; but it has been steadily maintained for more than 
a century, with few or no fluctuations, and is at this time in a high 
state of prosperity. Never were so many thorough bred stallions 
kept in England as at present— never was New Market, Epsom, oi 
Doncaster, better attended than at the late meetings. Tbe nuinbei 
of blood horses annually exported from England is unusually great, 
and to her, Russia, France, Austria, and the United States of 
America, the East and West Indies, have been long indebted for 
their most valuable stocks. 

In Virginia the sports of the turf have been revived and are ex- 
tending over the state with great spirit, and are infusing into her 
citizens a due sense of their importance in giving value to the race 
horse. Virginia has long held a pre-eminence over every othe* 
state in the Union in raising fine horses — and it is mainly to be 
attributed to the passion for this fascinating and rational amu8«. 
nient, to the steady encouragement given to it at all times, both 
during adverse and prosperous times, since the state had its fouii 
dation in a colony. To her the Carolinas, Georgia, Kentucky, and 
Tennessee, have always looked for a supply of blooded stallions i 
to her they still are indebted as well as the new states of Alabama, 
Louisiana, Mississippi, &c. Let then Virginia maintain and in- 
uease this celebrity, by adopting all means which are calculated lo 
promote so laudable a distinction. Let h«>r place and extend the 







sports of the turf on the most liberal and equitable basis, and let h 3r, 
in order to give increased value to her racing stock, speedily pjb 
lish a Stuu Book. 

Origin and progressive imp'ovement of the race horse. It cannot 
but be an interesting task to inquire into the origin of the tur' 
horse, and to ascertain the means by which he has been brought 
to his present high state of perfection. The Englisli writers main 
tain the theory, that the horse genus was supposed to liave consist. 
3d originally of two grand divisions or species : the silken. haired, 
flat, and fine bone courser, and the full bodied, coarse, and rough, 
haired steed, adupted to draught and the more laborious purposes. 
From these tv -j original species may fairly be derived all those 
numerous varieties which we at this day witness in different parts 
of the world. Soil and climate most umloubtedly have considerable 
effects, through a long course of ages, in producing varieties of 
form, colour, character, and properties. The largest horses are 
generally found to be the production of the rich low lands of the 
temperate climates, abounding in rich and succulent food. The 
fine skinned, with elegant symmetry, dry and solid bones, large 
tendons, and the highest degree of muscular energy, in fact, bearing 
the general characteristics of the blood horse, are bred under warm 
and southern skies, upon a dry soil, on the hills of the desert. The 
hypothesis is entertained, that Arabia is the native or breeding 
country of the courser, and that part of Europe, formerly denomi- 
nated tlie Netherlands, or Low Countries, the original soil of the 
large draught horse. Other writers, however, contend, that all 
horses are derived from the same single primitive species, and that 
varieties are purely accidental and the effects of varying soil and 
climate. This opinion, however specious, is not sanctioned by 
facts and experience in allowing full force to the arguments derived 
from the effect of soil and climate, yet it is equally true there are 
certain landmarks and bountfaries of specific character, in both the 
animal and vegetable creation, which nature will never permit to 
be passed. 

No length of time or naturalization upon the marshy soil of Bel- 
gium, it may safely be pronounced, would be sufficient to transform 
the high bred, silken and bounding courser of Arabia, into the 
coarse, bluff and fixed horse of the former country; nor would tlie 
sojournment of the latter, during any number of ages, in the south, 
have the effect of endowing him with these peculiar properties of 
body, which distinguish the aboriginal southern horse. The inter 
change just supposed, would no doubt have the effect of increasing 
the bulk of the courser and reducing that of the draft horse ; but 
the natural characteristics of each, would remain unassailablr by 
any other medium than that of Intercopulation through which 
we know from experience they may be merged, and in effect an. 

Arabia Deserta is allowed to be the breeding country of the purest 
and highest bred racers; that is to say, possessed in the highest de- 
|rree of thosw qualities which distinguish the species ; and these are 
■lceKn«8s and flexibiliiy of the skin, and general symmetry from the 
tiuai: to the lowest extremities. The eye full and shining, the head 



joined, not abruptly, but to a curved extremity of the neck ; tha 
Bhoulders c.ipacious, deep or counter, and declining consi(i>rably 
into the waist ; the quarteis deep, and the fore arms and thigiis loner, 
lirge and nmscular, with a considerable curve of tiie latter : the 
legs flat and clean, with the tendon or sinew large and distinct ; the 
pasterns m6derately long, the feet somewhat deep, the substance of 
the hoof fine, like that of the deer; in size not large, seldom ex- 
ceeding or reaching the height of fifteen hands. 

It is in the mountainous country, among the Bedouin Arabs, that 
the blood and characteristic properties of this species of the horse, 
has been preserved pure and uncontaminated by any alien mixture 
or cross, as they pretend, for more than two thousand years. 

It is well known tliat the English race horse was originally bred 
from the Arabian, Barb, and Turkish stocks, and contains in his 
veins nearly an equal admixture of the blood of each. The Bar- 
bary horses were generally smaller than the Arabians, but carried 
more depth of carcase. Their most prominent points are, ears 
lia.idsome and well placed ; forehand fine and long, and rising 
boldly out of the withers ; main and tail thinly haired ; with lean 
sinall head; withers fine and high, loins short and straight, flanks 
and ribs round and full, with good sized barrel ; tail placed high ; 
haunches strong and elastic ; thighs well turned ; legs clean ; si- 
news detached from the shank ; pastern too long and binding ; 
foot good and sound; of all colours, but grey the most common 
They are bred upon a similar soil and sprung from the desert like 
the Arabians, of which they are generally deemed a variety. In 
goodness of temper and docility these horses resemble the former, 
and are said to be very sure footed ; generally cold tempered 
and slow, requiring to be roused and animated, on which they 
will discover great vigour, wind and speed, being in their gallop 
great striders. 

The Turkish horses resembled the Barbs, and were paid to be 
handsome, elegantly formed, full of spirit, possessing fine hair, soft 
skins, good speed, but more particularly remarkable for their un- 
failing wind, enabling them to undergo much labour and fatigue. 

It is a curious physical question, that the Arabian, Barb, and 
Turkish horses, should, only in particular individuals, have proved 
valuable foal getters, and that these properties should be denied 
to the generality of them, and that the whole of them should eo 
soon be laid aside. Out of the vast number of these foreign horses 
imported into England in early times, but very few of them estab. 
lished their characters as the propagators of high formed racers ; 
and it may be assumed as a fact, that for some more than half a 
century past, not a solitary Arabian, Barb, or Turkish stallion has 
been used in England ; or if used at all, were found to be utterly 

England soon discovered that from her fine climate and soil, she 
had obtained in size, form and sp«ed, every quality which the best 
models of the original foreign breeding coi'.ntries could affjrd to 
her, it is true she had to resort to Uie Arabians ana Barbs for a 
Toundatiop ; but as soon as tb© stock arising from them had been 
suflicierMv acclWiat«d and <lAliu»od through diu luunliy, she found 








]t aafust t(i rv\^ upon them tor all those qualities which they them 
Beives hao acquired from their foreign progenitors. 

The early English breeders found the Arabian stock to consti 
tute an excellent cross upon the Barb and Turk, as from the Ara 
hian blood was acquired speed, stoutness and stride from the Barb 
length and height from the Turk. 

But of all the foreign stallions imported into England in earlj 
times, the fame of the two great Arabians, the Darley and Godol 
phin, has swallowed up that of all the rest ; and the best English 
horses for nearly a century past, have been either deeply imbued 
in their blood, or entirely derived from it. They have produced 
stock of vast size, bone and substance, and at the same time en 
dowed with such extraordinary and before unheard of powers of 
speed and continuance, as to render it probable that individuals 
of them have reached nature's ultimate point of perfection. The 
descendants of these Arabians have rendered the English courser 
superior to all the others, not only in the race, where indeed he has 
long excelled, but as a breeding stock. 

To such of my readers as are unacquainted with the history of 
that justly celebrated horse, the Godolphin Arabian, the following 
particulars of him may not be unacceptable. He was in colour a 
brown bay, somewhat mottled on the buttocks and crest, but with 
no white excepting the off heel behind ; about fifteen hands high, 
with good bone and substance. The fame of the Godolphin Ara- 
bian was greatly increased by the famous picture which was taken 
of him by the immortal Stubbs, and which sold at his sale for 246 
guineas. This portrait of the Godolphin is doubtless an admirable 
piece ; it represents his crest as exceedingly large, swelling and 
elevated, his neck elegantly curved at the sitting on of the head, 
and his muzzle very fine. He had considerable length ; his ca- 
pacious shoulders were in the true declining position, and of 
every part materially contributary to action, nature had allowed 
him an ample measure : add to this, there is in his whole appear- 
ance, the express image of a wild animal, such as we may sup- 
pose the horse of the desert. Certainly the horse was no beauty, 
but with his peculiar and interesting figure before me, I cannot 
help wondering, that it should not occur to his noble proprietorv 
a true sportsman as he was, that the Arabian might be worthy of 
a trial as a stallion. This horse was imported by Mr. Coke into 
England, and it was strongly suspected that he was stolen, as no 
pedigree was obtained with him, or the least item given, as to the 
country where he was bred ; the only notice given, was, that he 
was foaled in 1724. Mr. Coke gave him to Mr. Williams, keejxir 
of the St. James' Coffee House, who presented him to the Earl of 
Godolphin. In this noble lords' stud he was kept as a teazer to 
Hobgoblii., during the years 1730 and 1731, when that stallion re- 
fusing to cover Roxana, she was covered by the Arabian, the pro- 
duco of which was Lath, not only a very eljgant and beautiful 
liorso, but, in the general opinion, the best which had appeared on 
the turf since Flying Childgrs. The Arabian served for the re- 
mainder of iiis life in the same stud, producing a yearly succession 
ifprodigi'^s of the species. He died in the year )7.')3, in his 2Uil» 

year, and was decently buried, and cakes and ale were g.ven at the 
runeiai of his fiesh. The following famous liorses, some of wh ch 
were or great size and powers, besides many others with a J ea 
number of capital racing and broodmares, descended from tliGo". 
dolpliin Arabian, viz : Lath, Cade, Regulus, Babram, Blank Di^ 
mal, Bajaz.t, Tamerlane, Tarquin, Ph^nix Slug, Bios om,' Dor" 
mousey SkewbalU Sultan, Old England, Noble, the Gower Stal 
lion, Godolphin Colt, Cripple, Entrance. 

Mr. Darley of a sporting family in Yorkshire, being a morcan 
tile agent m the levant, and belonging to a hunting club ZaZ' 
po, made interest to purchase a horse, one of the^moT valuaX 
ever imported in England, and which fully established the wo 
of he Arabian stock He was a bay horse, his near foot before 
with his two hmd feet white, with a blaze in his face, and abou 
fifteen hands high; he was imported into England in the yea 
1/03, then four years of age. •' 

The Darley Arabian, (for such he was called,) ffot Flvino- Phil 
ders, Bartletfs Childers, Al^an^or, Whitelegs, C?; d,Tii, d1 
dalus, bkipjack Mamka, Aleppo, Bully Rock, Whistlejackct, &c 
lus horse had not Imt variety of „,ares which annually pout 
ed m upon the Godolphm Arabian, indeed he covered ve^ry finv 
except those of Mr. Darley his proprietor-but from these spmZ 
tl^ largest and speediest race horses which were ever known.- 
!• lying Childers and Eclipse, the swiftest beyond a doubt of all 
quadrupeds, were the son and great grand son of this Arabian 
from which, also through Childers and Blaze, descended Samp 
sou the strongest horse that ever raced before or since his ti n, : 
and from bampson was descended Bay Malton, who ran at York 
four miles in seven minutes forty-three and a half seconds, being 
seven and a half seconds less than it was ever done before ov^ 
the same course. 

On crossing, breeding and rearing the Turf Horse. The subject 
of crossing ,s one of the most important which has ever engaged 
the attention of the breeder or amateur, and it is still left in doubt 
whether we ought to adhere to remote crossing in propagating th« 
race horse, or that we may successively breed -in and in.'^viz. 
putting horses and mares together of the same family. 

All that we can do is to disclose the facts which that unerring 
guide experience, has established, and the exceptions to the rule 

g the blood of dUlerent racing breeds, has ever prevailed upon 
v^LT^f e^P«"^"?« ^^« Proven it to be a rational practice, 
when adopted with the view of an interchange of tlie requisite 
r:^K *?""', *^^,^«'"^^ «^ internal ; such as the union of speed 
and bottom, slenderness and substance, short and long shapes. 

Experience tells us that the greatest success has ever attendee 
ii»ose breeders and that the most valuable stock has resulted ther»» 

H'i!!!"^'T * r'''''' ^'^/''^'^'^ ^"^ ^^"'*^^« ^'^OBseB. The finest running 
and highest formed horses that have appeared in England were brer 
ro.n the union of two distinct stocks, the Herod and Eclipse. The 
rormer stock was invariably remarkable for stoutness and lastinp. 
^•'HH. the latter for succd and bv the union of tlieso opposif. 

m „ 







iiualitiofl [whereby a remote cross was taken up,) a slock wan oh. 
tained in which was blended a sufficiency of the requisite quali. 
ties of both to make first rate running horses. There was anothe. 
distinct stock in England, which crossed well upon the HeroU 
and Eclipse branches ; I allude to the Matchem or Godolpliin 
Arabian Stock ; and it may here be remarked, that there has not 
been in England a first rate running horse on the turf for the last 
70 years, without more or less blood of this valuable horse. How- 
ever necessary a remote cross may be considered, yet exceptions 
have arisen to it as a rule, as some of the most distinguished horses 
in England were bred considerably in and in — Flying Childers for 
instance, considered 4hc fleetest horse in the world. Old Fox, also 
a celebrated racer and valuable stallion, had an affinity of blood in 
his pedigree, as well as other high formed racers and stallions. But 
tiiese exceptions arose in Great Britain in her early days of breed, 
ing, when that country was enriched by the importation of par- 
ticular Barb, Turk, and Arabian horses that had peculiar and ex- 
traordinary properties aj stock getters, as their immediate descen- 
dants constituted the best racers of those days, and demonstrated 
that the character of the English race horse had attained its utmost 
perfection at that early date. 

At a later period, but little success had attended the efforts of 
those who have bred in and in. The Earl of Egreinont has occa- 
sionally tried it, as well as Lord Derby (the owner of Sir Peter 
Teazle,) but with little encouragement. Still the British writers 
are divided on the subject : Morland, in his treatise on the gene- 
alogy of the English blood horse, expressly says, that incestuous 
crosses should be avoided, viz : putting horses and mares together 
of the same class ; while on the other hand Lawrence, in his 
splendid work on the " History and delineation of the Race Horse," 
makes the following remark of an opposite tendency : '* An adhe- 
rence to the practice (of remote crossing) cannot be held indispen- 
sably necessary on any sound theory ; nor need any disadvantage 
be apprehended from coupling horses and mares of the same breed 
or family, even the nearest relative, upon the principles above and 
hereafter laid down. I have often heard of, and indeed seen, mis- 
erable legged and spindled stock resulting from such a course, but 
other very visible causes existed for the result. 

"According to the adage, *♦ like produces like," we ought to 

follow form and qualification ; and if a brother and sister, or father 

End daughter excel in those respects all others within our reach, 

we ought to enjoin them with good expectations, for aught I know 

to the end of the chapter : and the prejudiced fear of adopting tins 

practice, has often led our breeders into the error of adopting an 

inlnrior form from the presumed necessity of a cross." The present 

remarks are peculiarly applicable to the breeders of the race ^'^rse 

in Virginia, for they are at this very time making the experimc 

of breeding ** in and in," or from the same family of horses, as it i* 

well known that all the turf horses now and for the last ten years 

past, produced in that state, are of the *• Sir Archy stock." It were 

to be wished that ^^ere was a greater variety of the race blood in 

M»at state to give breeders a wider field for selection ; a Uusccnd jo* 

6f Medfey or Pitizon would cross well upon the present numerous 
stock ot Sir Archy and it would perhaps have been a fortunate cir! 
cumstance could he celebrated horse Focolet, (who was bred and 
raised in Virginia,) have been retained in that state. - 

The subject of breeding is the next which claims our attention 
The business of breeding is divided into the systematic and 
chance medley; the formation of regular studs and observing some 
fixed prmoiples, characterize the former ; while the latter is I kind 
of random affair, common to the whole country where foals are 
raised for a man's pleasure or convenience, for which no extra pre- 
parations are made, or much reflection bestowed, further than to 
make use of any mare that may chance to be in possession, and of 
any horse which the vicinity affords or custom may present. 

In the formation of studs, the object generally had in "view is 
breeding for the turf, and one of the first principles is to breed from 
no stallions unless they be thorough bred ; in plain terms, both 
their sires and dams must be of the purest of the Turkish, Barb or 
Arabian coursers exclusively, and this must be tested in an authentic 
pedigree, throughout whatever number of descents or crosses.* 
riie brood mare should be equally pure or thorough bred, and par- 
ticular attention should be paid to her form, as one of the prime 
causes of failure of most breeders is confining their attention solely 
to the horse, without paying sufficient attention to the form of the 
mare, and permitting fashionable blood and the supposed necessity 
of a cross to have too decided a preference to correctness of shape 
To constitute a thorough bred animal, and to assure the attainment 
of every desired quality or perfection, both the male and female 
ought to possess It. Experience has proven the correctness of the 
principle that " like produces like ;" acting upon this principle, wo 
have the best assurances to expect success from a junction of the 
best shapes or the greater number of good points we can combine, 
both m the horse and the mare, from such junction the average 
will be favourable, true form will result from the union of true form 
in both sire and dam ; and the next general result will be, that everv 
horse sufficiently well formed, and furnished in the material points, 
will excel either m speed or continuance, or will possess an advan- 
tageous mixture of both. 

Blood 18 bloodf but form is superiority 
In reanng of turf horses, the following principles ure recom. 
mended by the most successful breeders : the land to be dry and 
sound, the harder the better, provided it be fertile : irregularity oi 
surface a recommendation. Fresh springs or streams, shade and 
Shelter, and extensive range. Sufficient number of inclosures. 
noth tor each species, which it is necessary to keep apart, and to 
p revent t oo great a number of any being crowded together. Houses 

*There is a practice in Virginia and North Carolina, in giving the ^ 
grt-e oi a stallion, to name only one or rwo crosses, particularly on the dam't 
6«'le, and then pronounce him " the finest bred horse in the world." Who 
n/". ?'"T° ""*^^ °" ^ horse's good or bad blood unless we krow the whole 
OI 4 ' He may u-ace to Uie common dray breed of Uie country for au^lit 






4;- ■ 


or sheds in the in closures ; soft and sweet herbage for the colts and 
qiilk mares ; and finally a very liberal allowance of land in proper 
lion to the stock, that there may be not only ample grazing in th© 
grass season, but an equally ample quantity of provisions of the 
'equisite kind during the winter. 

A firm, dry, and hard soil, will have a corresponding effect upon 
the feet, limbs, and tendinous system of horses bred upon it; as 
will a dry, clear and elastic air upon their wind, animal spirits and 
general habit. Such are the advantages enjoyed by the horses of 
the mountain and the desert ; but these advantages are greatly en- 
hanced in a country where abundant herbage and moderate tem- 
perature are superadded. 

All breeders concur in the propriety of keeping colts well the 
fir^t and second winters ; for colts from the best shaped parents will 
degenerate upon insufficient nourishment, and be stinted from the 
palsying effects of damp and cold in the winter, if a comfortable and 
general shelter is not allowed them. Good keeping and warmth, 
during the first and second years, is indispensable, in order to invi- 
gorate the circulation of the animal's blood, to expand his frame, to 
plump up and enlarge his muscles, to encourage the growth of his 
bones, and to impart to them that solidity and strength which pre- 
serves them in the right line of symmetry. 

It must be interesting to the amateur, the sportsman, and the 
breeder, to give a correct, though concise account of the most dis- 
tinguished turf stock of blood horses, which existed in Virginia 
between the years 1750 and 1790, a period more remarkable for fine 
aorses, than perhaps any ether, either prior or subsequent to that 

It was during this period that " races were established almost 
at every town and considerable place in Virginia: when the inhabi- 
tants, almost to a man, were devoted to this fascinating and rational 
amusement : when all ranks and denominations were fond of horses, 
especially those of the race breed ; when gentlemen of fortune ex- 
pended large sums on their stud, sparing no pains or trouble in 
unporting the best stock, and improving the breed by judicious cross 
ing." The effects of the revolutionary war put a stop to the spirit 
of racing until about the year 1790, when it began to revive, and 
under the most promising auspices as regarded the breed of turf 
horses, for just at that time or a little previous, the capital stallion 
Old Medley was imported, who contributed his full share to tlie 
reputation of the racing stock, whose value had been before so wel« 
established. Previous to the year 1800, but little degeneracy had 
taken place either in the purity of the blood, tlie form or perform- 
ances of the Virginia race horse ; and in searching for the causes 
of a change for the worse, after this period, the most prominent one 
was the injudicious importation of inferior stallions from England. 
About the period of time last mentioned. Colonel Hoomes and many 
others, availing themselves of the passion for racing, inundated 
Virginia with imported stallions, bought up frequently at low prices 
in England, having little reputation there, and of less approved 
blood, therebv greatly contaminating the tried and approved stocks 
•'hich had long and eminently dibtinguished themselves for the> 

featw on the turf, their services under the saddle, and as valuable 
cavalry horses during the revolutionary war. In recommending 
renewed efforts to the Virginians, for the further improvement and 
preservation of their stock of blood horses, the necessity und im. 
portance of the immediate publication of a Stud Book (and of a 
Racing Calendar hereafter) cannot be overlooked. 

It is the wish of the writer, that the tendency of this, and the fol 
lowing pages, may excite a spirit and a desire for such a work, by 
showing that there are valuable materials extant, only requiring 
diligence and zeal to bring them to light, capable of being made up 
into a valuable publication on this subject. The want of such a 
work as a Stud Book, is now lamentably seen and felt in Virginia, 
where few pedigrees of any particular stock can be traced far back] 
before they are lost in the mazes of uncertainty and conjecture. It 
may safely be asserted that the stock of horses in Virginia never 
can arrive to that degree of improvement and perfection, and mora 
particularly high value as to price, they otherwise wouW do, unless 
a record of this kind is published and preserved, to be resorted to 
for a correct knowledge of their blood. In breeding for the turf 
and selling turf horses, blood is every thing ; as it has been found 
that particular strains or pedigrees of horses of this class, are re- 
markable for their speed and bottom, while others are miserably 
defective in these essential qualities of the race horse. A Stud 
B )ok and Racing Calendar will be a standing record, always ena. 
bling us to avoid the bad, and to cherish those particular strains of 
horses, that have established their good qualities for the turf. How 
has Virginia been injured in her racing stock by some particular 
stallions, bred in that state ? Potomac, for instance, who, although 
they raced it well, yet being badly bred, propagated an inferior race 
of horses. 

Let mp therefore, emphatically remind the breeder of the race 
horse to use great particularity and caution as to the stallions from 
which he breeds ; examine well into their pedigrees, and to the 
qualities of the stock from which they are descended ; as an exue. 
rience of more than a century in England has proven the fact, that 
where a stallion has been stained witli an inferior or " liungiiiU' 
cross, however remote in his pedigree, it is certain to lurk out and 
exhibit itself in his progeny, no matter how well he may have raced 
it himself. 

We should breed back as much as possible upon the good old 
stocks of Jolly Roger, Janus, Morton's Traveller, Fearnought, and 
Medley, of which I propose to give a particular account m the sue 
ceediiig pages. It has been well for us that the importation of 
Ptallions from England has long since ceased, and I hoi)e never to 
see it revived again. The sod of the Beacon course (four miles and 
upwards) is now too little trod by the English race horse : short 
races with light weights are now too common ; the consequences 
are, that their stock of blood horses are rapidly losing that stamina 
and inherent goodness 'of constitution or stoutness, which enableo 
them in former days to cirry h'urh weights, and to support frequen* 
tnd hard running. Eiftren or twenty years ago, the Virgmiaiw 
bred altogether from injportod Englisli stallions, ana at tiiat »iaie 






also, there were more sportsmen on tlio turf; yet we have at this 
day better race horses, under less patronage, from American bred 
stallions, than at that day. Does not this prove that by adhering 
to our OA^n stock, and breeding from large highly formed, full 
blooded stallions, that our turf horses will soon equal or exceed any 
in the world ? and as our race stock is considered stronger and more 
sctive, it will be found advisable to breed them for the saddle, plough 
i>7 wagon. 

Jolly Roger ^ was the first horse that gave distinction to the racing 
isgijck of Virginia. His performances on the English turf, and that 
of liis pedigree, are recorded in the name of ** Roger of the Vale." 
After he was imported into this country he took the name by which 
he is now known ; he was foaled in 1741, and commenced covering 
in Virginia about the year 1748. He was got by Roundhead, who 
was by Flying Childers, who was by the Darley Arabian. The dam 
of Roundhead was the famous *' plate" mare Roxana by the Bald 
Galloway, the dam of the celebrated racers and stallions Lath and 
('iide by the Godolpliin Arabian. Tlie dam of Jolly Roger was got 
l.y Mr. Croft's famous horse Partner, the best racer and stallion of 
liis day, his grandam by Woodcock — CrotVs Bay Barb; Makeless; 
Brimmer ; Son of Dodsworth ; Burton Barb mare. 

Jolly Roger got many fine racers, stallions and brood mares, 
and is a favourite cross in the pedigree of the Virginia bred turf 
horse, and very justly too. 

Jolly Roger got Spanking Roger, out of the imported mare Jen- 
ny Dismal, and Longsdale out of an imported Monkey mare. 

Janus was a chesnut horse, foaled in England in 1746, and got 
by Janus, a bay horse foaled in 173fci, full brother to Blank and 
Old England, being got by the Godolphin Arabian out of the fa- 
mous ' Little Hartley mare' by Bartlett's Childers, son of tfie Dar. 
\vy Arabian. 

Janus was imported into Virginia by Mr. Moj-decai Booth, of 
laouccster county, Va. in the year 175)2; his dam was ^ot by old 
Fox, [whose name stood eminent in the English pedigree,] his 
grandam by the Bald Galloway. 

Althougli Janus partook of every cross in his pedigree calcula. 
tt'd for the distance t\irf horse, yet his stock were more remarka. 
ble for speed than bottom. Janus, from his shoulders back, was 
considered the most perfect formed horse ever seen in Virginia, 
by the most skilful connoisseurs ; he was remarkable for roundness 
of contour, strength of articulation, and indicating great powers 
and stamina in his whole conformation. 

liis stock partook of these qualities in an eminent degree, and 
lor thirty or forty years they were considered as a ♦ peculiar stock,' 
fts they invariably exhibited even in the third and fourth genera. 
li«»ns from the old horse, the same compactness of form, strength 
<mh\ power. The Janus stock have exceeded all others m the Uni- 
ted States for speed, durability and general uniformity of good 
form ; and more good saddle and harness horses have sprunjf from 
Uieiii than from any other «tock. 


6W«r was justly centered as the best son of old Janus, as lie 
propagated a stock equal in every quality to those of the stock 
begotten by his sire. He was bred by Mr. Mead of Virginia, and 
foaled in 1774, and died in 1802, aged 28 years. 

As the pedigree on his dam's side is not generally known, I wil\ 
here give it. The dam of Celer was got by the imported horse 
Aristotle, a brown bay, finely formed, full 15 hands high, bred by 
Mr. Bladen and got by the Cullen Arabian, his dam by Crab, big 
grandam by Hobgoblin, great grandam by the Godolihin Arabian, 
out of a famous mare called White Cheeks. 

Morton's imported horse Traveller contributed in an emmcnt 
degree to the improvement of the turf stock of horses in Virginia 
lie was a bay horse, foaled about the year 1748, and was a cover- 
ing stallion at Richmond court house, Va. as early as the year 1754 
He was bred by Mr. Crofts, at Raby in Yorkshire (who was the for 
tunate breeder and owner of some of the first horses in England) 
a?id was got by his famous horse Partner, who was a grandson of 
the Byerly Turk, and was himself the grandsire of King Hero<i. 
The dam of Traveller was by Bloody Buttocks (an Arabian) Grey- 
hound ; Makeless ; Brimmer ; Place's White Turk ; Dodsworth ; 
r.ayton Barb mare. Morton's Traveller was bred from the heJ 
running stock in England in that day : the famous Wetherington 
mare was full sister to Traveller ; she bred Shepherd's Crab and 
oilier capital racers. 

Morton's Traveller got Tryall and Yorick out of Blazella, im- 
ported, and Burwell's Traveller out of a Janus and Lycurgus ; ai- 
so Lloyd's Traveller out of a Jenny Cameron, and Tristam Shandy 
out of a Janus, Ariel full brother to Partner, and Partner out of 
colonel Tasker's imported mare Selima. 

Partner was the best son of Morton's Traveller, proving to be 
not only a fine race horse, but a valuable stallion. He was foaled 
about the year 1755. Partner got Rockingham out of Nelson's im. 
ported mare Blossom, and Fitz Partner out of the dam of Celer and 
the celebrated horse Mark Anthony. 

Mark Anthony's dam was by Othello, (a son of Mr. Parton's capi- 
tal English horse Crab) his grandam the imported mare Moll Bra. 
zons : she was sired by Spark, who was imported to this country 
ny Governor Ogle, of Maryland, and was given to him by Lord 
Baltimore, who received him from Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

Mark Anthony was foaled about the year 1763, and did not ex. 
cced fifteen hands in height, and vas a horse of beauty and intrin. 
•ic value, whether viewed as a racer or stallion. In the former 
character he was not excelled by any horse of his day, being 
" remarkable for his swiftness," having at the same time good wmd". 
enabling him to run four miles heats in good form. In the latter 
character he stood deservedly celebrated, and propagated a stock 
which were held in the highest estimation for their various vahi 
id>le qualities, whether for the turf, the saddle or the harness.— 
Mark Anthony got Collector out of a Centinel, and M(man:h -ut 
ot a thi)rough bred mare, and Romulus out of a Valiant 




|r. ii 


Yoriek got Piigtim out of a little DavifC&Ad Bucephalos oat of 
t Careless, and Junius out of an Othello. 

BvTweWa traveller got Southall's Traveller out of an imported 
uiare, and Camillus out of a Fearnought mare. 

Lloyd's Traveller got Leonidas out of a Morton*8 Traveller mare. 
Junius got Spangloss out of a Jolly Roger mare. 

Fearnought holds the first claim prior to the day of Medley, and 
is tlierefore entitled to the palm in preference to any stallion that 
had preceded him in giving the Virginia turf stock a standing equal 
to that of any running stock in the world. The blood which flow- 
ed in tho veins of old Fearnought must have been peculiarly rich 
in those qualities that make up the conformation of the race horse, 
as not only the whole stock got by Fearnought run well, but also 
his sons and his grandsons were remarkable for generally getting 
good running stock. There was also strength and stamina univer. 
sally pervading the Fearnought stock, to which may be added good 
size, that made them the best distance horses of their day. The 
fact is that the Fearnoughts run well all distances, and the old 
horse stood higher than any other horse on the continent for get- 
ting racers ; and he got more of them than anv other — he also was 
the sire of more finn stallions than any other horse of his day. 

Old Fearnought was bred by William Warren of England, and 
foaled in tlie year 1755. He came out of Mr. Warren's fine brood 
mare * Silvertail,* and was got by Regulus the best son of the Go- 
dolphin Arabian. Regulus, when six years old, won eight King's 
plates. He never was beat, being very superior to any horse of 
his day. 

Silvertail the dam of Fearnought, was foaled in 1738, and got 
Ny Heneage's Whitenose ; her dam by Rattle — Darley's Arabian— 
tlio old Child mare, got by Sir Thomas Gresley's bay Arabian out 
of Mr. Cook's Vixen, who was got by the Ilehnsly Turk, out of a 
Royal Barb mare. 

Fearnought was imported into this country by Col. Jn. Baylor, 
who advertised hhn in the year 1765, as '» a bright bay, 15 hands 
•^ inches high, renuirkably strong and active, and the full brother 
lo the late Mr. Warren's invincible horse Careless." Old Fear, 
nought died in the fall of 1776, at the age of 21 years. 

Among other capital stallions and racers, he got tho following, 

?iz : — 

Nonpareil, out of a Janus mare. 

Nimrod, out of a Partner. 

America, out of a Jolly Roger. 

Kegulus out of the imported mare Jenny Dismal. 

Godolphin, full brother to Regulus. 

Shakspeare, out of an imported Cub mare. 

Gallant, out of a Stateley mare. 

Shakspeare, out of an imported Shakapeare mare. 

Apollo, out of an imported Cull in Arabian mare. 

Harris's Eclipse, out of Baylor's imported Shakspeare 

Laurel, out of a Fearnought. ^ 

Matchless, out of Sober John. 

Kinii ll3rod, o \i r»f an Othello. 


HThynot, out of an ()thello. 

Dandridgo's Fearnought, out of- 

Symmos' Wildair, out of a Jolly Rcger, who proved to be th« 
best son of old Fearnought. 
Wildair got — 

Commutation, out of a Yoriek maro. 

Highflyer, out of a Yoriek mare. 

Chanticleer, out of a Pantaloon mare. 
Chanticleer, the best son of Wildair, got 

Magog, out of a Wildair. 

Prestley, [full sister to Magog,] the dam of Wilkes» Madison 

Cornelia, the dam of Mr. Randolph's Gracchus. 

The stock of old Medley may justly be ranked as among the most 
jeuiarkable and valuable that have ever signalized thera^lves on a 
Virgmia race course. This stock of horses lacked nothinff but 
sue to have made the best racers in the world ; and yet their want 
of size was not manifested on the turf: as their ability to carry 
weight exceeded that of any other stock ; they were also remarka- 
ble for good wind or bottom, for fine limbs and good eyes, than 
other race of horses that have been bred in Virginia. These quali 
ties resulted in this stock [and were more peculiar to them than to 
any other,] from the close proximity of the points of the hips to the 
slioulder, from the uncommon solidity of their bones, the close tex- 
ture of their sinews, and the bulk and substance of their tendons 
which always enabled them to carry the highest weights, and to 
endure the greatest stress on their bodily powers. To these quali. 
ties may be added their uncommon purity of blood, derived from 
their sire old Medley, who was one of the purest blooded horses 
ever bred m England. 

Ghncr€ck the sire of Medley, was one of the most remarkable 
horses of his day in England. He was a grey, and called the " lit- 
tle grey horse Gimcrack," foaled in 1760, got by Cripple, a son 
ot the Godolphin Arabian. Gimcrack was one of the severest 
running and hardest bottomed horses that ever ran in England • 
although .mail, yet his abiUty to carry weight was very great, for 
he frequently gave the odds as high as 28 pounds, and he con- 
tinued on the turf until 11 years of age, thereby showing his un- 
common hardiness of constitution and firmness of limbs which he 
richly transmitted into the veins of Medley. Gimcrack at four 
yoars old won seven 50/. plates, 4 miles ; also in 1765, at 4 miles, 
oO/; also 1000 guineas, 250 guineas forfeit. Ho beat the Duke of 
, "'l'?;^?'*^'« ^^"«» ^ ™iles for 500 guinea*, giving him 21 lbs. 
Ill 17t.(* he was sent to France, and in 1767 returned to England, 
and won in that year, four 50/. plates, 5 miles. In 1768, two 50/ 
plates and the silver bowl. He beat Mr. Vernon's Barber for 300 
pnineas giving him 28 lbs. in 1770. He beat Lord Rockingham b 
lacho for 3000 guineas, giving him 28 lbs ; also Lord Rockingham . 
nignm for the whip and 200 guineas, the whip equal to tlie gui- 
neas. Gimcrack was then 10 years of age. Earl Grosvenor had 
two portraits taken of Gimcrack. That of Gimcrack preparing to 
^art *m reckoned excellent of its kind. The two portraits, it i* 
•'M^ "Hireneai ihii' horse in difltreul shades q{ ^rey ; ♦hn >roii 



Annals of the turf. 



grey ot his youth, and the hoary white of his old age. Giincraok 
had acquired such fame and celebrity tiiat his last proprietor lei\ 
him a length of time at Tattersal's for the inspection ol the 

The dam of Medley was Arminda, by Snap, (full sister to Papi». 
ion, the dam of Sir Peter Teazle, the best in England.) Medley 
acquired his beautiful symmetry and proportions from Snap, who 
was a horse of great beauty and justness of proportion, strong, 
vigorous, and muscular, and was upon an equality as a racer, if not 
superior to any horse of his time. Medley was imported to tiuH 
country by Malcomb Hart, in the year 1785. Among many othur 
distinguished racers and stallions, Medley got the following, vit : 
Boxer, out of a Fearnought mare. 
Opernico, out of a Lindsey Arabian mare. 
Quicksilver, out of a Wildair. 
Young Medley, out of a Blue and all Black. 
Mclzar, out of a Wildair. 
Lamplighter, out of a Longsdale. 
Fitz-Medley, out of a Dandridge Fearnought mare. 
Gimcrack, out of an Ariel. 
Bellair, out of a Yorick. 

Bellair may justly be distinguished as the best eon of old Medley, 
not only as being upon an equality as a racer, but as having got more 
fine stallions, racers, and brood mures, and as being decidedly the 
best bred son of his distinguished sire. Bellair partook of the best 
blood that has been highly valued in Virginia, viz: of Morton's 
Traveller through Yorick, Fearnought, Partner, Mark Anthony, &c. 
Colonel Tasker's famous running mare Selima, that was the dam of 
Partner, was the great grandam of Bellair ; and I will here take 
occasion to correct an error in the pedigree of this celebrated niare, 
as it has prevailed for more tlian thirty years in all the published 
pedigrees which I have seen of Bellair. Col. Taeker's Selima, rs 
represented to have come out of a mare called Snap Dragon, by 
Snap ; this is a manifest error : the Godolphin Arabian, who sircjd 
Selima, died in 1753; Snap was foaled in 1750 and did not com- 
mence covering until 6 years old, hence the first Snap mares were 
not foaled till 1757, 4 years after the Godolphin was dead. Col. 
Tasker's Selima was bred by Lord Godolphin, and came out of a 
mare by Old Fox, that was the dam of Daphne, and also of the 
celebrated running horse Weasel, that was the property of Lord 
Rockingham ; the grandam of Selima by Flying Childers,— Make, 
less— Taffolet Barb — Natural Barb mare. 

I would urge upon the breeders of the Virginia Turf Horse to 

lake in, in their different crosses, as much of the blood of old Med- 

ey and Bellair as possible, to give their stock firm limbs, very much 

needed at this time, as the Virginia race horses of the present day. 

train off the turf too early. 

'^^ following letter appropriate to the prrsent subject, is from 
tliat eminent breeder and sportsman Col. John Tayloe, formarly ot 
Mount Airy, Virginia, now of Washington City. 

*' In reply to your favour, I shall be happy if any information 1 
%(n uule to give you in regard to old Medley, and 6uch of hi» mocli 

as I nave owned, can be of service to you. Old Medley was im ' 
ported to this country about the year 1785, was owned by Mr, Mal- 
comb Hart, and stood at Hanover Court House. He was one of 
tlie most beautiful horses I ever saw. I cannot at this remote period 
pretend to describe him further than he was a grey horse of the 
finest proportions and not more than 14 1-2 to 15 hands high. I 
have always esteemed him one of the best horses ever imported into 
the United States, and concur with you in opinion that his stock 
is decidedly the best we have had. His colts were the best racers 
of their day, although they were generally small ; but their limbs 
were remarkably fine, and they were distinguished for their ability 
to carry weight. I owned some of the best of his colts. Bellair 
and Caiypso I bred; Grey Diomed and Quicksilver, I purchased 
from the profits which I realiied from their successful performances 
on the turf. I have reason to hold Medley in grateful remembrance 
" As respects Bellair, he was strong built and ratiier stout, good 
eyes and remarkable fine bony legs : rather above fifteen hands. 
I do not think his bottom was surpassed by any horse on record ; 
if ever he locked his antagonist I felt confident of success. When 
he ran with Mr. Randolph's Gimcrack, he was in excessive bad 
order, after a long journey, in bad weather, from Maryland,— 
they ran three 4 mile heats, in each of which Bellair mended, and 
was not beat far. I refused 500 guineas for him immediately after 
the race. 

" I concur with you respecting the old Virginia stock, which 
should not be lost." 

Having given an account of Col. Tasker's imporved mare Selima, 
It may not here be improper to add that of Carter Braxton's im 
ported mare Kitty Fisher : as those two mares bied more fine stock 
in Virginia than any other imported mares brought to this country; 
it being well known to the sportsmen and breeders for the turf, 
that some of the highest formed racers and stallions bred in that 
.<»tate were descended from those two mares. 

Kitty Fisher was a gray mare foaled in 1755, and imported by 
Carter Braxton in the fall of 1759. She was bought by Mr. Brax- 
ton, at New Market, England, in the spring of 1759, being then 
tlie property of the Marquis of Granby, and stood at the time en 
/aged in a sweepstake for 3G00/. for three years old fillies ; but th« 
Marquis being abroad with the British armies, he was allowed to 
withdraw himself from his racing engagements, and directed all hia 
running stock to be sold. At the sale she was purchased as above 
and sent over to this country. She was got by Cade, (one of the 
finest sons of the Godolphin Arabian) her dam by the Cullen Ara 
hian, out of the famous mare Bald Charlotte. (Bald Charlotte waa 
a high bred mare, of the finest form and winner of King's plates.) 

Kitty Fisher was trained in this country and run, and won oajiily 
fteveral matches. 

It is peculiarly pleasing to recur to those periods in Virginia, 
when the blooded horse held such a high place in the estimation 
of the people; when men the most distinguisned for their wealth 
their talents or patriotism, were seen vyin/j with each othei wuo 
27* ' 



.lioild import the finest blood horse, or mares from England, o- 
aiso them'^from those already imported. It "-« "« ^,^J^°V°2w 
writer in the preceding pages, to call up those periods to review, 
rndeive an account of the most valuable stallions and mares, fro,, 
whid the Virginia stock were bred during those times^ hoping it 
w I serve to animate the breeders of the present day, and stimulate 
Th^m to emulate their ancestors in their zeal and success in rearing 

the blood horse. ■ i t nr 

Justice a chesnut horse, fifteen hands high, was bred by Wm. 
MnX of Gloucestershire, England, and got by Regulus out of the 
Bolton Sweepstakes. Justice "covered in Prince George county. 
Viririnia, in 1761. 

Othello, a beautiful black, fifteen hands high, '^'X «t'°"g ^'^l" 
got by M. Panton's Crab, in England, out of the Duke of Somer^ 
Bit's tlvorite brood mare. Othello covered m Virginia, on James 
Uivor, m 1761, and was a most capital stallion. He got feelim and 

the dam of Mark Anthony. , , . . i j u» i,:. 

Crawford a fine dapple grey, 15 hands high, was bred by his 
royal highness the Uuke of cimberland, and got by his Arabian. 
Covered in Virginia in 1762. „ . ,. ,_,-, 

Juniper, a fine bay, 15 hands one inch high, foaled m "52, was 
eot b7Blbraham, one of the best sons of the Godolphin Arabian. 
C dam of Juniper by the Stamford Turk, &c. Juniper covered 
in Charles City, Va. in 1762, and was an excellent stallion. He is 
a remote cross in the Virginia pedigree. 

Ranter, a beautiful bay, 15 hands high, foaled m 1755 imported 
into VlTeinia in 1762, by Wm. S. Wadman. He was got by U.mple. 

"a" "on ot- the Godolphi/ Arabian ; the <•-- f ^^'^ ^^ f yjln 
Bloody Buttocks, &c. Ranter stood in Stafford County, Va. in 
1753, and is an old cross in our pedigrees. 

ArUtotle, brown bay, 15 hands high, got by the Cullen Arabian, 
his dam b^ old Crab, &c. Aristotle was one of the finest and 
bgheTformed horses imported into Virginia in his day ; he pro. 
nacated a most valuable stock for the time he lived, having died 
slmrtly after coming into Virginia. He stood at Be.kely. Charles 

City county, in 1764. « , , . ,-cq 

Bucephalus, brown bay. 15 1-2 hands high, foaled in 1758 wm 

got by Sir Matthew Wetherton'8 horse Locust, his «*%m by Old 

Cade, Partner, &c. Bucephalus was a very strong honH», and stood 

at Tappahannock, Va. in 1765. 

David a bay horse, 15 hands high, well made, ver) active, and 

desxcTded from the best stock in England Stood m Virgmia 

m 1765. , . . , .x" 1 

Dotterell, a high formed horse, 15 1-2 hands high. . powerful 
strong bon 1 hofse, was got by Changeling, hi. dam by a «>n of 
VVinn's Arabian, &.c. Changeling was one of the finest horses in 
Fn^land of his day Dotterell stood in Westmoreland county, Va. 

1 "5 PR 

'" Merrv Tom, a beautiful bay, 4 feet 11 inches high, he was got 
bv Sus, (^ne of the best sons of the Godolphin Arab.nn • bis 
ill by Locust, a son of Crab, his ^randaia by a son ol t^yuig 



^nildfirs, Slc In 1762, he won 200 guineas sweepstakes at 
uiond ; in 1753, he won 50/. at Durbain, and the noblemen and 
geiitlemen*8 subscription at Cupar, in Scotland. Merry Toin stood 
in Prince George county, in 1767; he was the sire of the noted 
horse Smiling Tom. 

Sterling, a fine dapple grey, foaled in 1762, was got by the Bell- 
size Arabian, (which Mr. J. Simpson offered 1500 guineas for,) out 
of Mr. Simpson's Snake mare ; she was got by Snake, a son of the 
Lister Turk, out of the Duke of Cumberland's famous mare, the dam 
cf Cato. Sterling traces down to the famous old mare bred by Mr. 
Crofts at Raby, in Yorkshire, and sold to the Duke of Cleveland. 
Sterling was a very fine horse, and became famous as a valuable 
foal getter. He was owned by Wm. Evans, and stood in Surry 
county, Va. in 1768. He did not exceed 15 1-2 hands in height. 

Lath, a Way horse, 15 hands one inch high, strong and bony, was 
got by Shepherd's Crab, his dam by Lath, a son of the Godolpliin 
Arabian, &.c. Lath was landed in this country in 1768, and won 
that year the 50/. weight for ago plate, at New Market, on long 
Island. In 1769 he won the Jockey Club purse of 100/ at Phila. 
dulphia, beating the then best running horses in that State and 
from Maryland. In 1770, he also won the 100/. plate at the same 
place. In 1771, he won the 100/. plate at New Market, and never 
was beat but once, when he ran out of condition. Lath was de- 
scended from the most valuable blood in England, and contributed 
in an eminent degree to the Improvement of the stock of horses of 
his day. 

Whirligig, was a dark bay 15 hands high, and was imported from 
England in the year 1773. He was got by Lord Portmore's bay 
horse Captain, (a son of young Cartouch.) his dam by the Devon- 
shire Blacklegs, son of Flying Childers, &,c. In April 1769, when 
this fine horse was rising six years old, his owner received forfeit 
of 1000 guineas from Rapid ; the same year he beat Volunteer, for 
200 guineas. In October 1770, he beat Warwickshire Wag for 
100 guineas; and the same year he beat Atrides for 100 guineas, 
&LC. Whirligig stood to mares in Halifax county, N. C. in the 
year 1777. 

Sclim. This beautiful and valuable stallion was a dark bay, a 
little rising 15 hands high, was got by Othello, (commonly called 
Black and all Black.) whose sire was old Crab. The dam of Selira 
^^as a beautiful mare of that name, got by the Godolphin Arabiar 
and full sister to the celebrated horse Babrahain of England. Se- 
liin was a tried and approved racer, and a btallion of deserved 
celebrity. He stood in Virginia fr«m the year 1770 to 1780, and 
pi ^pagated a valuable race of horses. 

A. retrospect of the older stallions of Virginia, evinces the int. 
portant fact that they did not exceed from 15 to 15 1-2 hands in 
height ; and yet Virginia in those days had a stock of horses equa! 
lo any in the world. They were remarkable for substance or fine 
•t:imina. This stock of horses was the immediate descendants of 
tiie best Arabian, Barb, or Turkish blood which nad been eari^ 



imported into England from Oriental countries, and has exhibited 
a degeneracy as to substance or stamina, in proportion as it hai 
been removed from this elder foreign blood. 

The above stallions were the descendants of Oriental stock, an 
well as Janus and Fearnought, [who were the grandsons of the 
Godolphin Arabian.] During the days of those horses and their 
oft*8prinff Virginia was famed for her fine saddle horses, and their 
weights on the turf was 144 lbs. for aged horses : now it is pro^ 
verlTial that the blood horse of Virginia rarely produces a fine sad. 
die horse, nor have they a single turf horse capable of running tour 
miles in good time with their former weight. All their good races 
are now made by young horses carrying light weight, say trom yu 
to 103 lbs. 

The same retrospect of the English stock discloses the same 
facts : Lawrence remarks, that a " retrospect seems to evince great 
superiority in the foreign horses of former times, many of the bent 
English racers in these days, being the immediate descendants, on 
both sides, of Arabs, Barbs, or Turks, or their sires and dams. 1 hat 
union of substance and action, which was to be met with in tor 
mer days, has been of late years still more scarce." 

As evidence of the correctness of Lawrence's opinion, it may 
be adduced that the established weights on the English turf, in 
former dayc were increased to 168 lbs. and it was during this pc- 
riod that their horses continued to improve both in «'/bstance and 
speed, and notwithstanding the great weight of 168 lbs. they had 
to carrv. they ran four miles from 7 minutes 30 seconds to 7 min 
utes 50 seconds. From the days of Eclipse, the weights were gra. 
dually reduced, and have been brought down to 119 lbs. and on no 
track exceeding 133 lbs. Yet there is not a racer now in England 
able to run his distance in as good time as they were in former 
days with their high weights. 

The present rage for breeding horses to a great height should 
not be so much attended to as obtaining the requisite substance, 
and from the above list we see that from 15 to 15 1-2 hands m 
height, has combined with it that necessary union of substance 
and action which enabled the horses in former times to run in 
•uch fine form and carry such high weights. The most obvious 
wav to insure this desirable substance or stamina in our stock, is 
to increase the weights of the turf to the old standard, and not to 
permit colts to start in public until four years old. The great su- 
periority of the elder English race horses is in part to bo attribu- 
ted to the favorable circumstance of their not having started in 
rtiblic until five or six years old. This delay has the obvious fa. 
vorable effect of enabling the bulk and substance of their linibs and 
inferior joints to become strong in proportion to their weight, and 
their whole tendinous system consolidated and firm. J" ly\ng ^^^^ 
ders. Bay Bolton, Brocklesby, Betty, Bonny Black, Buck hunter, 
the famous Carlisle gelding, Eclipse, and a great number of others, 
dii not race in public until five and six years old ; and they were 
lacers of the highest eminence for performance and heavy wc ighl, 
•f any on record in the English annals of the tirf. 



The first step towards an American Stud Book or collecting an 
account of our blood horses, is to ascertain the number of stal- 
lions imported from England, with their pedigrees annexed, be- 
cause it is to the importation of horses and mares from that king, 
doin, that we are indebted not only for the foundation of our stock 
of Turf Horses, but for their present value. There is not a pedigree 
of a single blood horse or mare in this country, but what goes in 
every cross directly or remotely back to English stock 

THIS Ami^mi^i^Asr 





ABELINO, g. c. by Dragon, dam.Celerrima. 

1804. John Hoomes. 

ACQUITTAL, by Timoleon, dam (dam of Bolivar) by Sir Hal, &c. 

William Wynne. 
ACTEON, ch. h. by Dandridge's Fearnought, dam [by imp*d] Fearnoughi, 

gr. dam by imp'd Jolly Roger, out of an impM mare, &c. 

Chesterfield, Va. 1712. Thos. Woolridge 
ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam Artless. 

1829. S. Carolina. Harrison 

ACTIVE, b^ Chatam, dam Shepherdess, [by tmp^d] Slim. 
ADaMANT, b. h. by Boxer, dam by Linasay*8 Arabian, g. dam by Oscar, 

out of Kitty Fisher. 

1799. Nicholas Wynne. 
ADELINE, b. t Dy Henry, dam by Old Oscar, g. dam the Maid of Nor- 
thumberland, &c. New Jersey. J. Vandike. 
br. m. by Spread Eagle — Whistle Jacket — Rockingham-* 

Old Cub, &c 

1806. John Tayloe. 
YouNO, by Topgallant, dam Adeline by Spread Eagle. 

1809. JohnTayloe. 

ADELA, b. t by Ratlei, dam young Adeline. 

Dr. Irvine. 
ADELAIDE, b. f by Thomton^s Ratler, dam Desdemona by Miner E» 

cape, 6lc. 
ADRIA, o. f. by Pacific, dam Oceana. 

1831. J. Southall. 

ADMIRAL NELSON, [imp'd] b. h. by John Bull, dam Olivia, by Justice 

—Cypher, &c 

Foaled 1795. William Lightfoot. 

AFRICAN, bl. h. by Careless, dam by Lloyd's Traveller, gr. dam by 


Flatbush. 1788. A. Giles. 

^ONES, or the Thrift mare^ by Bellair, dam by Wildair, gr. dam by 

Fearnought, &,c. William Thrift. 
b. m. by Sir Solomon, (by Tickle Toby,) her dam Yoiing 

Romp, by IXiroc, g. dam Romp, by f ?m/>V] Messenger. 

1Be2. Gen Cofo» 







AGRXCOLA, bl. h. by Highflyer, dam by [imp'd] Dove, gr. dam Emery»t 

noted running mare. 

Chesterheld Va. Reuben bnort 

AGRIPPA, g. h. by the Wintei Arabian, dam by Harrison's Pretender, 

(who was by Hyde's [imp'd] Pretender,) g. dam by {imp'd) Dio- 

mede, &,c. -* t »> i j 

Kentucky. ^ J- Bteckcnridge. 

AJAX, (See Kill Devil.) 

ALFRED SIR, (See Sir Alfred.) ^ _ ^ , , _, ^ ., 

ALARICUS, by Haskin's Americus, dam (Henderson's) Young Medley, g. 

dam, by Thornton's Wildair, Slc. « u 

ALEXANDER, [m;)'rf] was bred by Sir William Wynne, Bart, got by 

Lord Grosvenor^s Old Alexander, (son of Eclipse) his dam Sweet- 

brier, g. dam out of Monimia's dam, who was by Alcides, her dam 

by Crab, out of Snap's dam, &c. 

Virginia. Wm. Smalley. 

r/mfMJ got by Champion, dam Countess, Slc. 

Claverick, New- York, 1797. 

gr. c. by Old Pacolet, dam Jenny Riland. 

[6y imp^d] Bedford, dam Imp'd mare Drone, &,c. 

Col. Piatt. 

ALEXANDRIA, sor. m. [by imp'd] Alexander, dam Black Maria by Shark. 
1811. J. Tayloe. 

L_[7mp'(f] was by Alexander, her dam by Woodpecker, g. dam 

by Phleaon, out of Lord Egremont's Highflyer mare, «fec. 
Foaled 1796. •'o^" Hoomes. 

ALBEMARLE, by Diomede, dam Penelope, by Shark— Indian Queen by 

Pilgrim, <fec. ^ ,. r^ , u o • 

ALDERftlAN, [Imp'd] got by PotSos, dam Lady Bolingbrooke, by bquir 

rell, Cypron, the dam of king Herod, (fee. , . „ . 

' -"^ John Banks. 

———Mare, dk. b. by Alderman, dam by Clockfast, out of a Wrt- 

dair mare. _ __,. , . 

1799 J. Wickham. 

ALARM, [Imp'd] br. m. by Thunderbolt, dam Tadora, «fec 

ALABAMA PACOLET, (see Pacolet Alabama.) 

ALBERT, by Americus, dam by Wildair, (by Fearnought,) g. dam oy 
Vampire, g. g. dam by [Imp'd] Kitty Fisher. 
1798 J^ r J Robert Saunders. 

ALCIDES, b. c. by Galatin, dam Clio, [6y /mp'(q Whip. ,^ ^ , 

Richard A. Rapley. 

ALFRETTA, ch. f by Christian's Hotspur, (by Timoleon,) dam Lady Al- 
fred, by old Sir Alfred. „ , ^ 
1831. Hugh Campbell. 

ALGERINA, b. f. by Jones' Arabian dam Equa. 

ALIDA, ch. f by Bagdad, dam Nancy Nichol, [by Imp'd] Eagle, her dam 
by Little Wonder, <fcc. , ^ ^ ^ „„*• 

\UERKER, a. g. by Old Sir Hal, dam by Wonder, her g. dam by Bellair, 
g. g. dam by Medley, <kc. Wm. D. 1 aylor. 

\LICE, gr. f by Henry, dam Spirtmistrcss. 
6 "' " ' '""" 

Thos. Pearsall. 

Queens Cy. New-York, 1829. 
\LICE GRAY, gr. f. by Brilliant, dam by Sir Archy. 

Foaled, 1829. Thomas Snowden, Jun. 

4LLARR0KA,b.m.byTelegraph,dam Crazy Jane by Sky Scraper. 

l^wis Berk.ey 

ALL TRUMPS, s. m. by Sir Archy, dam [by /mp'd] Jack Andrews. 

ALL WORTHY, b. c. by Aratus, dam Miss Gatewood. 
ALKNOMAC, ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam by Buzzard, g. dam [by Imo'tTl 
Speculator, &,c. *, j -r t 

AT7IPA k^^'a^'u^ I. ^ u r. .. . Ed. M. Blackburn. 

ALZIRA, by Arrhduke, dam by Bedford, g. dam by Pollyphemus, e. r 
dam by Sloe out of Celesta. ^ * 

AMANDA, by Grey Diomede, dam Amanda by Bedford. 

Powhatan, Va. Wade Mosby 
— b. m. by Bedford, dam by Old Cade, g. dam by Col. Hk^k- 

nian s IndcDendcnce, (by Fearnought,) out of Dolly Fine, (fcc. Pur- 

chased by J. Hoomes. j. Broaddus. 
Duroc, b. m. by Duroc, dam by Sir Solomon, g. dam [Imp'dy 

Trumpeita, &c. \^^ 

AMAZON, by Dictator, dam Statira by Percy, g. dam Homespun by Rom- 

A i»/r A r}^^,\ X. ^ r^ « Wade Hampton. 

AMAZONIA, b. m. by Tecumseli— Sir Harry—Celer, &c. 

Nash. Cy. N. C. 1815. Nath Ward 

AMAGAZA, b. m. [by Imp'd] Chance, dam by Carolinian— Chanticleer - 

Flimnap— Fearnought— Old Janus, &c. 
AMERICAN ECLIPSE, (or New- York,) s. h. by Duroc, dam Miller's 

Damsel, (by Messenger,) g. dam [Imp'd] PotSos mare by Eclipse, 

A *>rTPD?/?^J"^ 3^?r"&,^"*?"'^' ^' ^' ^°*^«^' ^8^4- C. W. Van RansL 
AMERICA or GIFT, ch. h. by Old Fearnought, dam by Jolly Roeer £ 
dam by Dabster. o » »• 

Bred by Ralph Wormley, 1775. Augustin Miller, 

ch. s. h. by Smiling Tor> out of a Blooded mare. 

York Town, Va. 1777^ 

■ ■■__,_^^ . — h. m. by Sir Peter, dam Diana by Americus. 
AMERICUS, [by Imp'd] Shark, dam by Wildair, (by Fearnought,) e. liftm 

by VaniDire. out of Hmxtnn's Kittv irjoh«r o v o 

b^ Vampire, out of Braxton's Kitty Fisher. 

'ng anfl Queen, Va. 1798. John Hoskins. 

777—— — [by Imp'd] Fearnought, dam [Imp'd] Blossom. 
AMY ROBSART, ch. f. by Gracchus, dam Lady Buubury. 

ANASTATIA, b. m. by Tom Tough, dam by Hoskins' Americus, e. dain by 
Boxer, &c. ' 

ANDREW JACKSON, b. h. by Virginian, dam by Sir Arthur, g. dam by 
Florizell. -' 

ANDROMACHE, by Old Cub, her dam by Sweeper, g. dam Clarissa, [by 
Imp'd] Ranger. *■ "^ 

4 vr.t.^S'^'lSton, 1808. Wm. Thornton. 

ANUliJ.INA, b. £ [by Imp'd] Norris* Paymaster, dam Shrewsberry Nan bf 

A ATK, A ^^i Cy J^^aryland, 1 795. Th. M. Forman. 

ANNA, b. £ by Truxton, dam Dido by CcBur de Lion. 

ANNETTE, by Old Shark, dam by Rockingham, g. dam by Galatin. 

I^ewis W'illifl 
-iNTOINETTE, b. f by Marshal Ney dam Camilla by Thnoieon. 

Raleigh, N. C. 1830. c. Manly 

ANVIL, [by Imp'd] Cormorant, dam by Bellair, gi. Jam an [Imp'd] maje 

Landon Cart^a 




ii t 




INVELINA, [Imp'd] b. m. Presented by Mr. O'Kelly m 1799 to Col. J. 
Tayloe, she was by Anvil out of O'Keliy's famous mare Aiigurta b» 
Eclipse. Sold Col. Alston of S.Carolina. ,,, /^ u 

\POLLO, dk. b. h. by Old Fearnought, dam Spolswood's [Imp d] CuHer 

Arabian mare. j nr .. 

|.^.^.^ Richard Elliott. 

VPPARITION, [Tmp'd] b. c. by Spectre, dam young Cranberry, (bred by 
Earl Grovesnor,) by Thunderbolt out of Cranberry, by Sir Peter, 
&c. f/mpV] into New-York. ^ 

ARABIAN Lindsay's or Ranger, presented by the Emperor of Morocco te 
the captain of an English vessel, and landed m the West Indies 
there he broke three of his legs, and was made a present to a gentle 
man from Connecticut, where he went by the name of Ranger. 
Captain Lindsay was sent by General Lee, in 1777-8, who purchased 
him and brought him to Virginia. See American Farmer, vol. ? 

Jones'. A dapple grey 15 hands high, black legs, mane and 

tail. Selected in Tunis by Major Stith, American Consul there, and 
purchased for Commodore Jacob Jones of the United States Navy. 
See American Farmer, vol. 10. page 127. 

Selim, <r. h. presented by Murad Bey to the late Gen. bir r 

Abercrombie, and after his death he became the property of Com- 
.•nodore Barron, of whom he was purchased, and afterwards sold 

and carried to Kentucky. mi 

J3I5 John Tayloe. 

Winter's. Was captured during the last war, (1814,) then 

one year old, by the privateer Grampus, of Baltimore, on board the 
brig Doris, his Majesty's transport. No. 650, on his passage from 
Senegal in Africa, to Portsmouth, England, and was intended as a 
present for the then Prince Regent, late king of England. This 
horse was sold, and purchased by E. J. Winter, member of Con- 
gress, from the State of New- York. This Arabian is now white, and 
about four feet nine inches high. 

— Bagdad. Was purchased by George Barclay, Esq. of New 

York, from Hassana de Gris, Minister to England from Tripoli, who 
imported him to England, as a horse of the purest Arabian blood : he 
was purchased by a Company in Nashville, Tennessee, for f 8,000. 

BussoRA. [Fmp^d] from the land of Job, for which |4,000 

was paid. Stood at New- York. 

^Ballesteros, dk. br. formerly the property of Ferdinand 

King of Spain, and still bears the Royal Mark. When the French 
Army got possession of Madrid, the steed belonging to the King of 
Spain, was tak«n by the Spanish nobles, carried to Cadix and there 
sold. Amongst others was young Ballesteros — he became the pro- 
perty of Richard S. Hackley, Esq. Consul at that place, who dis 
posed of him to Captain Singleton, of Philadelphia, who brought 
him to this country, and sold hun to Thomas Guy of Richmond, Va 
he got some colts in the State of Delaware. 
Broad Rock, Va. 1816. William Ball. 

. , Arabarb, bl. [Imp^d] by Col. Lear, a large strong horse, 

well proportioned but not handsome ; he was the sire of the dam o/ 
Fairia-x. Col. Leai. 

ARABIA, bl. h. by Old Janus, from a blood mare by an [Tmp'd] Horse. 
Cumberland Cy. Va. 1777. Thomas Moody. 

-Fkmx, ch. m. by Arab, dam by Shylock. 

^ Thomas T Tabb. 



ARAB, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Bet Bounce, by Sir Harry. 

Brunswick Cy. Va. 1829. 
ARATUS, b. h. by Director, dam (Star's dam) by Sir Harry, g. dam \n 

Sattram, &<c. (dead.) 

_ _,_,_T *!_/..» ^' ^- Harrison 

ARABELLA, br. f. by Arab, dam by Virginian, g. dam by Old Sir Archf 

by Dare Devil, dam a Clockfast mare. 

Richmond, 1823. Samuel McCraw. 

ARCHER, f /mp'rf.l A bay horse got by Flagergill, dam sister to Crassuf, 

by Eclipse, Young Cade, Rib, Partner, Greyhound, &,c. 

Virginia, 1802. f Reeves. 

ARCH DUKE, llmp'd.] A brown bay got by Sir Peter Teazle, dam Ho- 

ratio by Old Eclipse— Countless by Blank. 

Richmond, 1803. John Banks. 

ARCHIBALD, [Imp'd] bred by the Duke of Hamilton, and foaled in 180L 

He was got by Walnut son of Higliflyer, his dam the bay Javelin 

mare, her dain Young Flora, sister to Spadille by Highflyer, (tc. 

William Smailey. 
k^CH DUCHESS, by Sir Archy, dam Duchess. (Blind.) 

John Randolph. 
ARCHY SIR, (Benehans) by Old Sir Archy, dam by Eagle, gr. dam thy 

Imp'd] Druid, g. g. dam by Old Mark Antliony. 
[Neal's] by Old Sir Archy, dam Virginia. 

Minikin, b. f. by Sir Archy, dam Young Minikin. 

John Randolph. 
Gret, ^See Grey Archy.) 

ARIADNE, [by Imp'd] Citizen, dam by Blank. 

by Bedford, dam Mambrino. 

J. Hoomes. 

by Ball's Florizelle, dam Thunderclap, (bred by Mr. Wick- 

ham, Richmond,) g. dam Ariadne, by Bedford. 
ARIEL, b. f. by Young Contention, dam Kitty [by Itnp*d\ Whip. 

Georgia, 1830. Charles A. Rudd. 

(brother lo Partner,) by Morton's Traveller, dam Col. Task- 
er's Seliina, &,c. 
Richmond Cy. Va. 1754. 
—————(or Eriel,) by American Eclipse, dam Empress by Financier, 
by Old Tanner, dam by Galloway's Selim, g. dam an [//mj'd.l 
Maryland, 1782. ^ L ^ j 

ARIETTA, b. m. by Virginian, dam by Sh)'lock. 

ARION, ch. h. by Polyphemus, dam Leeds, gr. dam by Traveller out ti 
[Imp^d] mare Pocahontas. 

Spencer Ball. 
ARISTOTLE, [Imp'd] b. h. by the Cullen Arabian, his dam by Old Crab, 
g. dam by Hobgoblin, Godolphin Arabian, <fcc. 
Charles City Cy. Va. 1764. Hodgkin. 

' b. m. by Aristotle, dam an [Imp*d] mare from Lord Cullen't 


ARMINDA, by Medley, dam by Bollou, gr. dam Sally Wright by Yor-ck 
1790. J. Hooi n«s. 

ARIMINNA, by Brimmer, dam Peyton Randolph's Lovely I^ss, i^. 

ARRAKOOKER, Imp*d] br. by Drone, rut of a Chatswortli mare, her oara 
by Engineer — Drone by Herod. 
Foaled, 1789. Imported by lir. Tale 


Col. Holcombe. 







ARRAKOOKFUiSS, ch. m. by Arrakooker, dam Young Hope by <.>lo. 

XRTI^sl! b*'m. by a son of [Imp^d] Bedford, dam a Ra.U, de Cart- b, 
Terror, he by Janus, &c. Harrison. 

S. Carolina, 1809. „ „ n u 

ASPACIA, gr. m. by Bellair, dam PoUy Pcachcm. ^ ^^^^^ 

Imported mare. jyj pjestor. 

ATLANTlC?fb "d" by T. B. Hill.) by Archy. dam by Phoenix. (BroW. 

ATALANtCT'^ by Old Slouch, dam Brilliant mare. ^^ ^^^^^^ 

South C arolina, mi. ^^^^^^ ^^ ^.^ ^^ ^Id Mark An- 

thony. g. dam by Jolly Roger. &.c. j^^^ g,j^^ 

"*'■ -bv Sir Harry, dam by Melzar son of Medley, &.C. 

DV sir nniiyy u«i.. wj ..*----- -- 

hv Dictator, dam Duchess by Hero, &c. 

HbHlndS^ Arabian, dam Kitty Fisher by Regulus. 
-b't by Roanoake. dam Young, &c. ^ ^^^^^^^^ Pacotaligo, dam Miss Crawler by Cmwler-Melzar, 
aUGCSTA. [/m/<q by Sattram.dam by Wildair-Clockfest-Apollo- 
Janus-Jolly Roger. &.C. ^ William Rives. 

AUKoK in by Gov. Lloyd's Vintzun. dam ^^^^^^l^^^^^ 
mede. ~ 

_b. f by Aratus, dam Paragon [by Imf^ i?"Sd' Messeneer- 
-[by Imp'd] Honest John, dam Zehppa by Old Messenger 

Bay Richmond. &e. 

by Oscar, dam Pandora. 

-by Marplot, dam Camilla by Percy. 

Richard A. Rapley. 
AURELIA. [Imp^di by Anville. dam Augusta by Eclipse. Herod. Ba}a«tt, 

__±!_gr. {. by Winter's Arabian, dam Sophy Winn by Blackburn's 

Whip. , . „ u. - 

AURA. b. f. by Roanoake. dam Amy RobsarU ^ Randolph. 

iK^W^RATSW'gV'rsfxSntnTa haif hand, high by Grand 

maid by John Bull, dtc 
Foaled, 1822. 

BAttRAH AM, [by M/dH, J-iper.dam Col. Tasker's [/V^. Selm^.** 
eACcSu'r^'c^'by'srArcby. dam by RatUer. (by Sha-k^^^dj^m b, 

BADGER, [Imp'd] gr. h. by Bosphofus, (a son of Babraham) dam bv Black 
and all Blacli— Flying Childers, &c. 

N.Carolina, 1777. Gov. Eden. 

-[by Imp'd] Badger, dam by Galloway's Selim out of an impd 

Benjamin Ogle. 

mare by Spot. 

Maryland, 1806. 
BAGDAD, (See Arabian Bagdad.) 
BAINBRIDGE, [by Imp'd] Dion, dam Campbell's grey mare, bred in Ma 

ryland, cot by Marcus and her dam by Moscow. (Died at 5 oi b 

years old.) 

BAJAZETT, [Imp^d] by ine Godolphin Arabian, dam by Whitefoot— 

Leedsman — Moonah — Barb Mare. 

(LiTTLi Devil,) by Dare Devil, dam Miss Fauntleroy. 

^801- ,^ JohnTayloe. 
(Young,) b. h. by Bajazett, dam a Janus mare, (bred bv B. 

Moore, N. Carolina.) ^ 

King and Queen, Va. 1774. 
BALD EAGLE, b. c. by Spread Eagle, dam Broadnax by Old Janus, <fec. 

J. Breckenridge. 

by American Eclipse, dam Lady Lightfoot. 

BALLY SHANNON, by Wedding Day, dam Miss FaunUeroy. 

1801. J Xayloc 

BALL HORNET, b. by Black and all Black, dam Rosetta by Shylcik. * 
BALLESTEROS, (See Arabian Ballesteros.) ^ 

BANGO SEIB, by Bedford dam, dam of Byron by Archy. 

R. Benehan. 
BARONET, [Imp'd] b. h. by Virtumnus son of Eclipse, his dam Penulti 

ma by Snap— Old Cade — Childers, <fcc. 

This horse was imp'd into New- York with PotSos mare, the gr. 

dam of Am. Eclipse. 
BAREFOOT, [Imp'd] was by Tramp, (he by Dick Andrews out of a Go- 

hanna niareO dam Rosamond by Buzzard out of Roseberry, sister o/ 

Huby and Tartar by Phenomenon out of Miss West by Matchem, 

6lc. So/ i in England for over |12,000. 

Foaled 1820. [Imp'dl by Sir Isaac Coffin, 1825-6. 
BARBARA, b f by Roanoake, dam Wakefield. 
BARONESS, b. m. by Potomac, dam by Young Baronet, gr. dam \bvtmp'di 

Bedford, g. g. dam [byimp'd] Shark, &c. i y r r 

BARON BOSTROP, gr. c. by Roanoake, dam Miss Ryland. 
^ ^ 1825. J. Randolph. 

CARON TRENCK, by Sir Archy, dam by Old Galatin, g. dam [Jmp'd] by 

Gov. Telfair of Georgia. & L /- J / 

Wm. Terrell. (Georgia.) 
BASHAW, b. h. [by Imp'd] Wildair, dam De Lancey's [Imp'd] Cub mare. 

New Jersey. 
—Mare, dk. ch. [by Imp'd] Bashaw, Imp'd Jolly Roger, Aris- 
totle, Merrypinlle, &x. dam an Imp'd mare from Lord Cullen'i 

RAY RICHMOND, [Imp'd] by Feather, dam Matron by the Cullen Aia- 

bian, Bartlett's Childers, &,c. 

1769. ' 

BAY BOLTON, by Bolton, which was bred by the Earl of North jintiri 

land, and owned by William Lightfoot of Charles C-'y Cy. Va. dam 

[Imp'd] Blossom. 
BAY COLT, [Imp'd] a dk. b. got by Highflyer, dam by Ec'ipse from Yoi-nf 

Cade, i«hich was the dam of Vauxhall, also dam ot Dulcina, 6i>c. 



^Imported hy yVni. Barksdale.) j^ g^^^^^^ 

'^''''t^:{;^ b/johnWrO l^^ /V^ Tup, .am by Old Shark, 

«• *"""& 'bfBtdffirS^'oid Cade, g. dam b, Hickman-. 

Independence. j groadus 

BAY YANKEE, by President, dam Cora by ObKuri^. ^ 

'^' ^Z'^XS.'l^X'^'^^or'.Z^^^^ Cifden. herdao 
by Rici>ard Hall'. Tom by imported l^l.p*. ^^^ ^ ^^.^^ 

BAY MARIA, b. f. by American Eclipse, dam Udy Lighlfoo^ &c^^^^ 
BAY DOLL, by Sans Culotte, out of the dam of Spot. ^ R,„delph 
BEAUTY Ravenswood. dam Everlastmg. ^^^^ Randolpn. 

b. m. by Diomede, dam Virginia, full sister of I>5j«t|''-»»; 

BECCA JOLLY, ch. f. by Sir William, dam by Ragland's Diomede, gr. 

dam r6y Imp'd] Dion. i.vr,„». \ dam Fairy by High- 

BEDFORD, llVrfl by Dungannon (he by Eclipse,) dam * a.ry y g 
flyer, t'.iry 4"een by Young Cade, &c ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

Bowling Green \aMm ^ ^^^ Pandomby 

!2!l!fM\ll!(feWi Bedford, dam by imp'd ^Toeur d. 
Lion— Fortuna by W ildair, &.c. ^ ^ Meade, 
.b. h. by Co^ul, dam [by Iv.p'd\ Bedford. s^^p,,^^^ 

BEDLAMITE, b. m. by Cormorant, dam Madcap-Arvil, tc. ^^ 

, -ch. c. by Janus, dam by Young Frenzy. ^ ^^^^dolphu 

BEGGAR GIRL, by Sir Archy. .. 
b I [by Imp'd] Baronet, dam fceiivBelL 

BEHEMOTH, (late Hamlet) br. bv Bagdad, dam Ro^y Clacc. 
BELLAIR, gr. h. by Old Medley, dam by Yorick. ^ ^^^^^ 

(Cooke's) gr. h. by Bellair, dam by Independence out of a 

Virginia mare, <fcc. 
BELLABIA, by Bellair, dam Sweetest. 


-by Bellair, dam Narcissa by Wildair. 


J. Tayloe. 


BELlSa, b. f by Melzar, dam by Old Wildair, Fluv.a, &c^^^^^ 

KFT INOrb m. by Escape (Alias Horn's) dam by Bedford. 

rnsiicl'c^ Va.-llS.. Hartwel. iuck.. 


BELVIDERA, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Archy Minikin. 

BEN COOPER, gr. c. by Messenger, dam Temptation by Heath'Tc-hilderft. 

BENYOWSKI, b. h. by Americus, (by Diomede) dam [Imp'd] Anvelina. 

1802. John Tayloe 

BERGAMOT, [Imp'd] got by Highflyer, dam Orange Girl by Matoliera-. 

Red Rose by Babraham—Blare— Fox, &,c 

Charles City Cy. Va. 1787. Wm. Lightfoot. 

BERNADOTTE, {Wtndflower) by Ball's Florizelle, dam [by Imfd\ Bed- 

ford, g. dam by Quicksilver— Victorious, &c. 
BERTRAND, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Eliza [by Imp'd] Bedford, «. dam 

Mambrino. * 

-^——Junior, ch. by Bertrand, dam Transport 

^r^rr. t,??,"!*?^'^^''"*' ^^^7. J. B. Richardsott. 

BET BOUNCE, b. f. by Sir Harry, dam Atalanta by Old Medley, dtc 

Foaled, 1825. 
BETTY, ch. f. by Contention, dam Flora by Ball's Florizelle. 

Loudon, Va. 

BETSY ARCHER, by Old Sir Archy, dam Weazle. 

J. Lewis. 

Andrews, ch. by Sir Archy, dam by Jack Andrews. 
-Baker, gr. f. by Buzzard, dam Portia, 
-br. m. 

E. Irby. 

. m. [by Imp'd] Shark, dam by Romulus,— St George. 

Haynnes' Old Poll by Fearnought ^ ' 

b. m. by Florizelle, dam Tartar mare by Old Fearnought, &^. 

Blossom, dk. b. by Superior, (by Old Superior,) dam by 

Thornton's Wildair out of a Dare Devil mare. 

Bell, b. f. by Mr. McCarthy's Cub, dam Temptation. 

Haxall, (See Roxana.) 

Hunt, br. m. by Sir Hal, dam by Dion — Quickstep— Shark 

Wildair — Clockfast, Am;. 

^Madison, ch. f. by Madison, dam Maria by Archy. 

Pearson, ch. by Tom Tough, dam [by Imp'd] Diomede. 

Wm. D. Taylor. 

-Pringle, by Old Fearnought, dam [Imp'd] Jenny Dismal. 
Ransom, gr. m. by Virginian, dam Old Favourite by Bellair. 
Robinson, b. f by Thaddeus, dam Maria by Sir Archy— 

[Imp'd] Sir Harry — Dare Devil, dw;. 
ft . - . ~ 

Bobbins, ch. f by Kosciusko, dam by HephestMn, g. dam 
Arion, g. g. dam by Romulus. 

by South Carolina, 1806. B. F. T^^ylor. 

-RuFKiN, ch. m. by Virginian, dam by Irby's Shylock, g,. dam 

^-' Burton. 

Saunders, gr. f by StDckholder, aam by Pacolet 

Taylor, ch. m. by First Consul, dam (by Imp'd] ObscMrity. 

Philadelphia Cy. 

iLsoN, by Ratray, dam by Oscar. 

1827. ' Col. Emerw. 
——Wilis, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam by Bedford, g. dam by l5aM 

Devil, g. g. dam by Lamplighter, <tc. 
BIG BEN, [by Imp'd] Bedford, dam I^andora by Bellair. 

See Phenomenon, also Charlemont or Strange's Traveller. 
BLACK MARIA, by American Eclipse, dam Lady Lightfoot 

^826. J. C. Stepnens. 

--'——by Shark, dam by Clockfiist, g. dam Maria by Regulus, It* 

1804. » Tavlo*. 




BLACK MERINO, by Vinteun, dam by Ck)m6t, g. dam by Don Garlo»^ 

Old Figure, dtc. ^ . . ,, „ . i 

BLACK GHOST, [by Imp'd] Oscar, dam Pill Box by impM Pantaloon—. 

Melpomone, &c. ^ ^ ^.^^^^ ^^^^ 

by Oscar, dam Melpomone &c. -j ^ u 

BLACK EYED SUSAN, by Sir Archy, dam [by Imp'd] Druid, g. dam by 

imp'd Saltram. _ __ 

^gjo. '^* Harrison. 

—by Potomac, dam by Galatin— by Dlomede, <fec. 

lg|Q -^ Stephen Hester. 

BLACK AND ALL BLACK, by Madison, dam Virago by VVhip. 
— [^y Imp'd] Brunswick, dam by Ariel, g. dam Brent's Lbony, 

£. g. dam imp'd Selima. 
Pennsylvania, 1780. _ , „ ^ 
[Imp'd.] (See Othello.) 

Elihu Hall. 

___r/mp d. ] (oee uineuo.; 

BLAKEFORD, ch. c. by Gov. Wright's Silver Heels, dam Selima by Top- 
gallant— Gabriel— Cbalam, &c. « u^ w U. 1 
Maryland. Robert Wright, Jun. 

BLACK JACK b c. by Carolinian, dam by Miner's Escape, (or Horn's.) 

BLACK ROSE, bl. m. by Stockholder, (by Sir Archy,) dam by Hamilto- 
nian, [by Imp'd Diomede,] g. dam by Columbus, (by imp'd Panta- 
loon) ou4 of Lady Northumberland, &c. 
FrerierickCy. Va. 1826. ^ ^ . I>-"-A"«n- 

BLAZE, [Imp'd] by Vandall, (by Spectator,) dam the sister of Chrysolite 
by Truncheon— Regulus— Partner, &c. „ . kt i 

York, Va. 1796. "ugh Nelson. 

_br. c. by Roanoake, dam Miss Peyton. 

J. Randolph. 

BLAZELLA, rfty /mp'(fl Blaze, dam Jenny Cameron. 

BLACK PRINCE, by Don Carlos, (he by Figure) dam by Figure, g. dam 

by Dove— Othello, &.c. 

Maryland, 1783. 
by Marion, dam Lady Burton, «x^ 

BLACK WARRIOR, [by Imp'd] Merryfield. 

^. . by Black Warrior. 

BLA(;K TOM, by Tom Jones, dam an imp*d mare. 
BLEMISH, b.m. by Gracchus, dam impM Duchess. 

«niQ H. rJurweii. 

BLOSSOM,' [Imp'd] by Old Sloe, her dam by Regulus the sire of Fear 

"^"Sl^''*"^- Thomas Nelsou,(Va.) 

f^f^r^ dap. gT. by Bordeaux, dam by Highflyer, g. dam by 
Eclipse out of Vauxhail's dam by Young Cade, &,c. 

Pennsylvania. „ , . , •'^^^ ^*^' 

BLUE SKIN, b. c by RoanoaKe, dam Miss Ryland, (to. ^ ^ 

., Mare, by Baylor's Fearnought, dam an impM mare. 

BLUE RUIN, by Gracchus, dam Duetta, &c. ^ „. , „ 

BLUSTER, [Imp'd] by Orlando, (son of Whiskey,) out of a Highflyer mare 
sister to Escape by Pegasus, her dam by Squirrel, &c 
Petersburgh, Va. ^ ^ , James Di.nlop. 

BOASTER, [Imp'd] b. h. by Dungannon, dam by Justice, Mariame hj 
Squirrel — M^lss Meredith by Cade, 6lc. .». , t> i« 

Foaled 1795. WdlterBell. 

BOLIVAR, by Sif Hal, dam by Old Diomede -Wildair-Apolk), &c. 



BOLIVAR, gr. h. by Oscar, (by Wonder,) dam by Pacolet, Truxton &o. 

by Sir Robert Wilson, dam Darning Needle. ' 

b. h. by Ratler, dam by Sir Solomon. 

1826. Wriffht 

BOLTON, [Imp'd] b. by Shock, owned by Mr. Lightfoot of Charlei 

City, Va. 

Foaled, 1762. 
• Mark, ch. by Bolton, dam Sally Wright by Yorick 

Foaled, 1776. John Hoomes* 

BOMPARD, [6y Imp'd^ Obscurity, dam by Pillgarlic, g. dam by 

Imp'd Jack of Diamonds, &c. 
BONNETS O'BLUE, gr. f. by Sir Charles, dam Reality by Sir Archy. 

BONNY BLACK, b. £ by Bagdad, dam Fancy. ^™' ^* •^''^''^''''• 
Tennessee. j)^ yy Sumner 

BONNY LASS, (L. Hardimans,) by Jolly Roger, dam [/nip'dj Bonny 

[Imp'd] by Bay Bolton. 

BONAPARTE, b. by Col. Tayloe's Grey Diomede, dam by Matchem, ft 

dam by Marius— Silver Heels, dtc. 

Marj'land. Sam. Nerwood 

BOREAS, b. c. by McCarthy's cub, dam Shrewsbury Nan, by Baiazet. <fca 

Kent Cy. Md. * J J j^Jj 

BOXER, [by Imp'd] Medley, dam by Baylor's Fearnought, g. dam by JoIIt 
Roger, (fee. •' ^ 

Goochland Cy. j. Curil. 

. by Sir Archy, dam [by Imp'di Druid— Symme's Wildair- 

Americus, &-C. 
Ohio, 1830. 

BRANDON, by Aristotle, dam by Old Janus. 

BRAVO, b. c. by Henry, dam Gulnare, &,c. 
Queens (Jounty, N. Y. 1829. 

BRENDA, ch. f. by Gracchus, dam Mariana. 

^ ^ ,, F.B. Whiting. 

b. m. by (Ame's) Sir Archy, dam Madame Lavalette. 

Foaled, 1823. j. j. Ambler. 

BRITANNIA, [Imp'd] b. m. was got by Pegasus, dam Peggy, was veiv 

fleet, but invariably bolted. 

^^^' u ,.rM. . . Jo»^" 'Taylor- 

- Z :°y WUdair, dam [by Imp'd] Aristotle, g. dam by Imp'd 

Vampire out of Imp'd Britannia. 

P. Claiborne. 

Tho. PearsalL 

£ 11 • » ^o^' Symme. 

;:r~'"" "^®*" *° ^"^"^ Briton, dam CoL Gant's Miliy. full sista* 

to Hopper's Pacolet, &c. 

-dk. gr. m. by True Briton, dam Duke of Cumberland's Ebo 

ny, &c. 

Maryland, 1769. 
^§jpHT PHOEBUS, full brother to Miller's Damsel. 
HKILLIANT, [Imp'd] gr. by Phenomenon, dam Faith by Pacolet- Au 

lanta by Malcbem, 6lc. 

Foaled, 1791. j. Tayloe 

' — br. c. by Sir Archy, aam Bet Bounce. 

^826. IV. R /ohnson 

' ^b. c. by Marplot, dam Brilliant mare. 

^^^7' Joseph Alston 

■" -Chich ewer's, by Tiinoleon, dam Caroline by Marshall 

Fairfax County, Va. ISZQ. 





BRILLIANT, ch h. by Eden's [Imp'd] Badger, dam by Othello, gr. dam by 

Morton's Traveller, &c. j ^ HoUiday. 

•^-"■. ■;-Jrp,'!l!:^Ag^. dam In,H'd was by BnuLt. 

A'C. Ed. Fenwick. 

BRImS, b. h by (Harris') B=lips.. dam Polly Flaxen. ^ ^ .^ 

Fowbatan^Cmm^y, Va. m:^ Robin Redbreast, g. dam by Shark- 

Clive, &.C. 

.[by Imp'd] Valiant, dam by Jolly Roger. 

John Goode. 

boADNAxi bv Old jinus, dam by Apollo, g. dam by Fearnought, g. » 

dam by Jolly Roger, tc. Broadnax. 


Ji;r'°Brurwl?stm^S B^^^^^^^^^ of Godolpbin Arabian. 

BRUNsiMUTT, Brunswick-[/m,'<n Ranter-Imp'd Dab- 

ster, &c. 
BRUNETTE, full sister to Gohanna. 
b. f. by Telegraph. 

__b. t by Roanoate. dam Archy _^ ^^^^^^^^j^ 

DPV4N n'l YNN r/mpVI by A ston, dam by De Sa"?— Reg"'"^f»Jl 
^'^^*ne?-Brrklls^^ itfy, by the Curwen bay Barb. Foaled n96. 

North Carolina, 1803. *""""• 

BUCKSKIN, by Mark Anthony, dam Brandon. ^ Harrison. 

BUCEPHALUS, [Imp^d] br. h. got by Sir M. Witherton's Locust, dan, b, 
v^ Pd^lVis''*"' "^ ^"'""" Archibald Ritchie. 

—in- "^ ^"'t 1 77?' • """ "' """'"■ R-ben Butler. 

Kins William Cy. Va. 1777. 

b. h. by Symme's Wilda.r, &c. ^^^ 

1807. . 

^ —by Granby, dam Maria Slamerkin. 

BUFFALO, b. c. by Bagdad, dam Anna by Truxton. 

RUSSORA. (See Arabian Bussora) ^,,1.1 j^j „««. 

ButlE HOOK, (Old) \l.y Imy'd] Sparks out of a full blooded ma,«. 

FIIRK ch c. by Stockholder, da,n I'.liza In- Bagdad. 

BURSTeK, ch.'^h. by Basselas, dam by topgallant, g. dam. [6y Imp d, 

Play or Pay-Bellair, tc ^^ Clevelwid. 

BUXOMA, ch. f. by Pulaski, dam Virgmia NelL ^ ^^.^^ 

BUZZaIS", [/mpVl ch. h. by Woodpecker, dam by Dux-Curiosity by 

Snap-Kegulus, 6lc. j Hoomea. 


«r. h. by a son of Old Buzxard, dam Pandora by Be»«i^j^^ 
!)Ln, ch. m. r^'y /mpVl Buzzard, dam by D.omede, gr. d.m 


BUZZARD, Young, m. by Hamilton«n (of Va.) dam Old Buzzard lU 
Imp'd] Buzzard, g. d. by Diomede, &.c. ^ ^ 
Mare, ch. by Buzzard, dam Symmetry, bouglit by M. Ai<»« 


Geo. Jeilersnn 


J. Tayloc. 

try Bofxer, &.c. 

CADMUS, b^h. by Sir Archy, dam by Shylock, g. dam [by Imp'd] B«d 

CADE, by Old Partner, dam [Imfd] Kitty Fisher. ^' ""^^'"^^ 

1788. Wm f II ir' 
ch. c. by Ajax, dam Tartar mare, &c. ^^ '"' 

CAIRA, ch. bv Wildaii, (by Fearnought,) dam by Sloe, the dam of Gret 
Uiomeae. ' 

CALYPSO, g. m. by Medley, dam Selima by Yorick. '^ "^ ^^ ** 

b. f. by Chance Medley, dam by Vintzun. 

u iw 1- , , . ^°^- Chambers- 

r At ipvnru by Nolimetangere, dam Lady Dudley by First Consul. 
I.ALLNDLK, ch. h. by American Eclipse, dam l>rinces8 by Sir Archv • 
dam a full blooded mare. ^' * 

CALISTA, gr. f by Roanoake, dam Miss Peyton. 

CALMUC, ch. c. by Timoleon, dam Fair Forester, <tc. ''" '^^"^^'P*^ 

CAMDEN, by Old Janus, dam Polly Haxen. ^' Goodwin. 

King and Queen, Va. 1782. Har y Gaines 

^AMfi^^T^'/*';^''•w"'V^^^ Virginian, dam Rosetta [by Imfd] Dion. ' 
CAMILLA, [Imp'd] by Dove, &c. «. ^ r j 

by Tanner, dam Stella by Taskefs Othello. 

. , rwy- Henry Carter. 

TTTT^"- "^ °y Timoleon, dam Duchess by Bedford. 

_!^h' ^nn WM . .. '^^^'^ A. Jones. 
-by Old Wildair, dam Minerva by Obscurity. 

. ^,j „ .. •Vm. Broadnax. 

gr. m. by Old Peace Maker, (by Diomede,) dam Lady Eagle 

Albenm rle^ Va^ Walter Coles. 
by Old Fearnought, dam Calista. 

r"n7~r;,'": ^,y Bol'ngbroke, dam by Thornton's Diomede, he tt 
Ball's f lonzelle— [/m;?V/J Whip, dtc. ^ 

^'"6 «"rf Q"een Cy. Va. 1826. Hugh CampbeU, 

-b. f. by Bluster, [/mpV] son of Orlando, dam Jet 

u u c , •'• Raf»dolph 

^ — — — ch. m. by Sumpter dam, by Robin Gray, &c. 

t AMILLU8, b. h. by BurweU's Traveller, dam Camilla by Old FMrnocRb* 
l-oaled, 1773. * 

r 4 hTf .rf^'rSfrP*^'^' ^*- ^^^^- •'o^^n Gordon. 

i^AlNUIDATE, b. c. by Cormorant, dam by Mexican out of Maria, 4lc 

*^** /I r^ James Smoch. 

--— — — -(late Eutaw,^ ch. c. by Virginius, dam Peggy hv Bedli.rd 
^AW I Ali, ch. h by Pantaloon, dam Selima by Vorick. 







[ 1 


CARDINAL PUFF, [Tmp'd] by Cardinal Puff; dam by Bardy, g. dam i^ 

Herring Bay, Maryland, 1737. Sam. Harrison. 

CARLO, [Imp'd] b. h. by Balloon, dam own sister to Peter Pmdar by Java 
lin, g. dam Sweetheart by Herod— Snap, &,c. 
^g^^ Dr. Thornton. 

, [6y Imp'd] Carlo, dam by inipM Florizelle out of a mare raised 

by Col. R. K. Heath, <tc . 

•^ Major Gibbs. 

CARFXESS, [by Tmp'd] Fearnought, dam Camilla, by Dove— Othello— 

Manaandl* 1776. R»ch. Sprigg. 
Lby Cormorant, dam [by Imp'd] Shark, gr. dam Betsy Prin- 

Ig^l * J. Hoomet 

- — ^by Obscurity. 
f:ARNATION, br. h. by Virginian, dam Rosetta [by Jmp'd] Dion. 
CAROLINE WHITEFOOT, b. m. by Oscar, dam Indian Hen by Othello, 
g. dam by Lloyd^s Traveller, <fec. 

Caroline Cy. Va. 1818. Elisha Wilson. 

CAROLINE, ch. f. by Mufti. 

^ f by Eclipse, dam a Janus mare. 

b. m. by Old Sir Archv, dam [by Imp'd] Dion, g. dam Mi8$ 

Selden by Sorrel Diomede— Wildair, &,c. 

1323. l)'- Tho. Hall. 

CAROLINA, b. f. by Saltram, dam Medley mare,g. dam Old Reality, &.c. 

Marmaduke Johnson. 

CAROLINIAN, gr. c. by True Blue, dam Medley mare, &c. 

Mare, gr. by Carolinian, dam gr. mare by Superior, gr. dam 

by Quicksilver— [/mp'd] Shark, &,c. . 

-b. by Sir Archy, dam [by Imp*d] Dniid, gr. dam by Wildaii 

by Fearnought, &c. .- , t^. . 

CARROL, ch. c. by Sir William, dam Jennett by Muizle Diomede. 
CARRION CROW, by Young RoyaUst, dam [by Imp'd] Spread Eagle. 

Paris Kentucky. Jefferson Scoit 

«?><5TIANIRA, [/m;>*tijbr. m. by Rockingham, dam Tabitha by Trent- 

ham out of the dam of Pegasus. ,.,,,, 

Foaled, 1796. ImpM 1799. John Tayloe. 

CASTANIA, by Arch Duke, dam Castianira. 

1803. ^* Tayloe. 

CASWELL, b. h. by Sir William, (by Sir Archy,) dam Lady Bedford, and 

half brother to Giles Scroggins. 

J. W. Jeffries. 

CASTAWAY, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Miss Peyton. 


J. Randolph, 
n young Grai 

Catherine THB great, b. l by Roanoake, dam young Grand 
Duchess. ^' Randolph. 

itELER, [Imp'd] by Old Janus, dam Brandon by Aristotle— Cullen Ara 
bian, &,c. _. . 

Foaled, 1774. (Virginia, 1798.) Meade. 

Mare, by Celer, dam by Janus, Slc 


CKLI A, by Old Wildair, dam Lady Bolingbroke, 

ch. m. by Powhatan, dam [by Imj^d] St. Paul, g. dam Of 

Sans Culotte, &c. /-v,j «» 

TKLERIMA, by Old Medley, dam by Old Cekir, j^r. dam by Old F«a^ 
nought. 6ue. 1797. Ednmnd Harrison. 

CENTINEL, [Imp'd] ch. h. by Blank out of Naylor by Cade, Sp«xutar*» 

dam by Partner, &,c. 

Foaled, 1758. 
CENTAUR, br. h. by Evan's Starling, dam an \Imp*d] mare. 

Foaled, 1764. '' 

CHAMBERLAIN, ch. h. by Diomede. 
CHANCE, [Jmp'd] b. h. by Lurcher, (son of Dungamion,) dam by Hydai 

Ally— Perditta by Herod— Fair Forester by Sloe, &c. 

1797. John Tayloe. 

Medley, gr. h. [by Imp*d] Chance, dam by Young Diomede, 

(by gr. Diomede,) g. dam by ImpM Oscar, <fcc. 
CHANTICLEER, by Wildair, dam by Pantaloon, g. dam by Traveller^ 

Mark Anthony, &,c. 

1798. B. Wilkes. 
br. by Sir Archy, dam Black Ghost [by Imp'd] Pill Box by 

ImpM Pantaloon — Morton^s Traveller. 

Jas. G. Green. 
CHARLES CARROLL, ch. c. by Sir Charles, dam Susan by Bond's Sir 

Solomon, &,c. 
CHARLES STEWARD, b. h. by Tuckahoe, dam by Sir Solomon. 
CHARLES MARE, by Sir Charles, dam by Young Hal, gr. dam by Bed- 

ford, g. g. dam [Imp^d] Trumpeter. 
CHARIOT, [Imp'd] b. h. by Highflyer, dam Potosi by Eclipse— Blank- 

Godolphin Arabian— -Snip— Partner, dtc. 

Foaled, 1789. N. Carolina, 1800. J. &, L. Lyne. 

CHARLEMONT, [Jmp'd] b. c. (afterwards called Big Ben) in which namt 

he ran many races in England, and afterwards in this country calicc* 

Traveller — he was got by O'Kelly's Eclipse, his dam by king Henxl 

— Blank — Snip— Peuion's Lady Thigh, &.c. 

Foaled, 1786. Manchester, Va. Jas. Strange. 

CHARLEMAGNE, by Wildair, dam by Romulus by Mark Anthony, onl 

of Judge Ty lei's Pompadour. 
C^HATAM, by Fitzhugh's Regulus, dam Brent's Ebony, g. d. Selima [6% 

/mp'rf] Othello. ^ 

Gunpowder Falls, 1786. — Brogden. 

CHARLOTTE, ch. l by Galatin, dam Anvelina. 
■by Sir Archy, dam Merino Ewe. 

W. R. Johnson. 
Temple, ftdl sister to Gohanna. 
CHEROKEE, by Sir Archy, dam Young Roxana by Hephestion. 
CHESNUT MARE, by Diomede, dam by Alderman, g. dam by Clockfcil, 


J. Wickham. 
CHESAPEAKE, gr. h. by Sweeper. 

— — Gittings. 
CHEVALIER, by Celer, dam Brandon by AristoUe. 

B. Harrison. 
CHILDERS, [Imp^d] b. by Blaze, son of the Devonshire Cnilders, dam bf 
Old Fox, itc. 

Stafford Cy. Va. 1759. Francis Thornton. 

■Heath's, ch. h. by Baylor's Fearnought, dam an imported 

mare by Bajazet — Babraham— Sedbury, &c. 

b. h. [by Tmp^d] Childers, dam by Traveller. 

Rk:h. Barneff 

Charles' County, Maryland, 1764. Geo. Lee. 

Flying, ch. (brother to Ratler) by Sir Archv, dam by Robir 

Redbreast, Su^ Gen. Wynna 

1^1 ! 

1 1 I 


t^*^ AMIiiltlCAM STIJ1» BOOK. 

CHIEFTAIN, :h. c. by Director, dan, by Hoskm's Sir Feter, gr. cf ,n ^ 
Highlander, &c. j^ich. HilL 

by Bellair— Shark, 6lc. rpj^^ Graves. 

ClTiZElf r/mp^cn b. h. by Pacolet, a «on of Blank, a son of the GodoJ 
^ phln Ambiin-Fairy Queen by Young Cade, &c. 

Coaled, 1785. 

^y Facolet, dam Fancy. 

CINCINNATUS, (Bowie'^) by Lindsay's Arabian. h.s dam [by Imp </] F. 

CINDERELLA, full sister to Marshal Duroc. ^ g^^^^^ 

(7„,p.rf] b. f. by Sir Peter, her dam (Vivaldi's dam) by Mer 

cur^, g. dam Cynthera, &.C ^^^ j^j^^ McPherson. 

CIRclby AriSrdam [/mp'd] Lady Northumberland. ^^^^.^^ ^^^^^^ 

CLARA FISHER, by Kouskiruska, dam by Hephestion, g. d. by Roxan.. 

(her dam never run, having been crippled.) 
_____b. f. by Vireinius, dam Transport. 
CLAUDIUS, b. h. by Old Janus, dam Urandon by Anstotte.^^ ^^^^^ 

. -by Meade's Claudius dam by Cole's Eclipse. 

— IVlAR^ by Claudius, dam by Bolton, g. dam Sally WngM^ 

CLARIsIa, b. m. by Sumpter, dam by Cook's Whip, [6y Imp'd] Whip 

e. dam by Imp'd Spread Eagle Bellair, tc. 
CLERNioNT. by SpUd Lgle. dam Peggy. (Went to the South.)^,^ 

ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam Josephine b, Voun^ Bj"' ^^^'^ 

S. Carolina, 1824. . t^ » ^,r« 

CLEVELAND, ch. h. by Bussora out of a Director mare. 

CIJ!MENTINA, b. f [by Imfd] Paymaster, dam Tuli^.^^ ^ ^.^ 

Maryland, 1795. 
CLEOPATRA, by Druid, dam by Pegasus. ^ Haynes. 

CUFDEN, [Imfct] b. h. by Alfred, a son of Matchem, his dam by Fb-i 
telle, g. dam by Matchem. ^^ Thornton. 

_j;!!!lfw'cn got by Abba Thulla, dam Eustatia by Highflyer- 
Wren by Woodpecker— Sir Peter Teazle's dam. 

. 1!!!1Mare, by Doctor Thornton's [/mp'i] Clifden. dam oy R. 

"^^^"7o? Clia:n3 K'b^Dnrown'. wonder, dam Iris by Sf , 

J. Urii 



J. M. Selden. 

Cain &, Raj. 

CLIO, [by lmp*d] Whip, dam Sultana by imp'd Spread Eagle. 
ch. m. by Sir Archy, dam Beauty by Diomcde, g. dam Vir- 

flnia by Dare Devil, 
oaled, 1817. C. W. \ an Ranst. 

CLOCKFAST, [Imfd] gr. h. by Gimcrack, (sire of Old Medley,) dam Misf 

Ingram by Regulus — Miss Doe by S«dbury — Miss Mayes by Bart- 

lett's Childers, &c. 

Foaled, J 774. 
CLOWN, [Imp'd] got by Bordeaux, brother to Florizelle, dam by Ecltpi^ 

Crisis by Careless — Snappiana by Snap, <fec. 

Foaled, 1785. N.C. 
COCK OF THE ROCK, brother to American Eclipse. 
COEUR DE LION, [Imp'd] b. h. by Highflyer out of Dido by Eclipse- 
Spectator — Blank, Ate. 

Foaled, 1789. (1800.) John Hoomes. 

COALITION, b. h. by Shylock, dam Maria by Bay Yankee, Green's mare 

by Celcr, &«. 
COESS, b. m. by Virginian, dam by Sir Arthur, g.dam by Bellair, g. g, dam 

by Medley, &c. 
COLLECTOR, by Old Mark Anthony, dam Lady Legs. 

Died, 1813. S. R Carney. 

COLLIER, ch. c. by Sir Charles out of a Whip mare. 

1826. William Finney. 

COLLING WOOD, ch. c. by Thornton's Ratler, dam Vixen by Trafalgar, 

COLUMBIA, by Ogle's Oscar, dam Selima by Hall's Eclipse. 

ch. f by Sir Archy, dam Duchess by Bedfora. 
— — b. m. [by Imp'd] Eugene, out of a Young Selima by Yorick. 

[by Imp'd] Baroiiet, dam by Old Cub — Partner, &,c. 

, ch. h. by Young Sir Harry (he [by Imp'd] Sir Harry,) dam 
Gentle Kitty by Young Postboy. 


-b. h. by Tennessee Oscar, (by Wonder) dam [by Imp'd] 
Dungannon — imp'd Rapid. 

Isaac Bledsoe. 
8. h. r6y Imp'd] Pantaloon, dam Lady Northumberland, &A 
' .0} " 

ling, 6lc 


• 8. h. by Sir Archy, dam Vixen by Jack Andrews. 

1828. James G. Green. 

COMBINATION, by Gracchus, dam Evelina by Phenomenon. 
COMMUTATION, b. h. by Symme's Wildair, dam by Yorick, g. dam by 

Little David, Sijc, 

1788. John Bclfield. 

COMPETITOR, by Dragon out of Celerima. 
COMMODORE, [Imp'd] bl. b. h. 16 hands high by Caleb Quotem, (a soc 

of Sir Peter Teatle,) dam Mary Brown by Guilford, &c. 

Geneva, N. Y. C. A. Williamson. 

COMET, ch. by Tayloe's Yorick, dam by Ranger, g. dam by Dove, g. f 

dam by Tasker's Othello, &.c. John Brown. 
ch. h. by (Md Janus, &c. 

1792. J. Lewis. 

CONSTANTIA, gr. f. [6y Imp'd] Messenger, dam Betty Bell. 

Thomas M. Forcmai.. 
CONSTANTIA, b. m. [by Imp'd] Whip, dam by imp'd Bedford— impM 

Shark, Wormley King Herod, &c. 

1814. D. H. Allen 

CONSTELLATION, ch. c. by Thornton's Ratler, dam Nettietop. 

L. Berkler 
— dk. ch. by American Exlipse, dam Olivia. 



^ 33a 





I » 


CONSUL, by First Consul, dam [by Imp*d] Aracohen, Messenger, a Basnaw 

mare, &c. . , . « ^^ -. j 
Mare, by First Consul, dam [by Imp'd] Obscurity, g. dam 

Moll by Grey Figure, &c. 

CONFESSOR, (Speculaior,) by Shark, dam Fluvia by Partner out of tha 

dam of Oracle, &c. ^ o n rr. 1 

CONGAREE, ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam full sister to Ssrily Taylor. 
CONTENTION, by Sir Archy, dam a Dare Devil mare, &c. 
CONTRACT, [Jmp^d] ch. h. by Cotton out of Eliza Leeds, dam Htlen by 

Hamihonian, gr. dam Drowsey by Drone, g. g. dam Mr. Goodrich's 

Old English mare, &c. 

New-York, 1829. William Jackson. 

^'ONVENTION, by Sir Charles, dam by Sir Alfred, Floiizelle, Bedford, 


.«_ b. h. b. Virginian dam. 

Wm. H. Minge. 

CCW^STITUTION, by Diomedc dam, (dam of Timoleon,) [by Imp'd] Sal- 

tram— Old Wildair, <fec. 
CONQUEROR, b. h. [by Imp'd] Wonder, (Cripple) his dam by Saltram— 

Dare Devil— Pantaloon— Valiant Jumper out of a marc impM by 

Mr. John Bland. A. J. Davie. 

CONTEST, ch. c. by Contention, dam Fairy by Sir Alfred. 

Petersburg, Va. ^^ >"»am HaxalL 
-b. h. by Virginian, dam by Constitution, Bay Yankee, [Imp d] 

Dicrmede, &,c. 

Mecklenburg, Va. ^ T. Young. 

COPPER BOTTOM, c. c. by Sir Archy, dam by Buzzard, g. dam, dam ol 

Betsy Richards. j t» , 

"^ Edward Parker. 

COPPER HEAD, by Kosciusko out of a Whip mare, g. dam by Buzzard- 
Grey Diomede, &c. 

COQUETTE, by Sir Archy, dam Bet Bounce by Sir Harry. 

-Virginia, (See Virginia Coquette.) 

CORA, by Bedford, dam LitUe Moll by Medley. 

' -^ J. Tayloc. 

by Dr. Brown's Godolphin, dam by Charles Fox, g. dam oy 

HaU'.EcUi».,&«. G.W. Peter. 

by Obscurity dam. 

-ch. m. fiill sister to Virago and Nettle by Wildair by Ajax. 

CORIANDER, by Diomede, dam by Shark. „ « r 

* "^ Wm. B. Hamlm. 

CORNELIA VANHORNE, ch. f by Wares' Godolphin, dam Sally Bax 

ter, d&c. 
CORNELIA, by Chanticleer, dam by Old Celer. , , „ . , , 

John Randolph. 

, Bedford, by the Duke of Bedford, (he by Bedford) dam Pi 

lot by Old Quicksilver. 

CORNET, by Old Yorick, dam by Ranger, &,c. 

CORNW ALLIS, by Florizelle, dam out of Edelin's Floretta 

CORMORANT, [Imp'd] b. h. by Woodpecker, his dam Nettletop by bquii 
rel—Bajazet-Regulus— Lonsdale Arabian — Darby Arabian, &c 
Foaled, 1787. , ^ „ 

Virginia, 1800 ^ Jp*^" Hoomes 

CORSICA, b. c. by John Richards, dam Selima by Topga lant. 

^ Philip Wallis 

CORPORAL TRIM, ch. by Sir Archy, dam by Old Diomede, gr. nam b% 
Wildair, Apollo, Partner, &,c. 

J Powell 
CORPORAL CASEY, ch. c. by Virginius, dam Josephine by Bland's Bed 
ford, &c. 

1826. J. J. Moore. 

COSSACK, b. c. by Marion, dam CamiUa by Timoleon. 

COTTAGE GIRL, ch. f by Am. Eclipse, dam Agnes by Sir Solomon. 

Sold to T. Harrison, Boston. 
COUNT BADGER, ch. c. by American Eclipse, dam by Hickory. 

COUNT BERTRAND, b. h. by Old Bertrand (of South C^linT)^d'ai 
Constantia [by Itnp^d] Whip. 

Piper, ch. c. by Marshal Duroc, dam {by Imp^d] Expedition. 

g. dam by imp'd Royalist i ;> r j t- 

Daniel Holmes. 
COUNTESS, ch. m. by Ridgley's Young Oscar, dam oy Little Bay Posl 

Boy, and out of the xMountain Filly, <fcc. 
COWSLIP, [Imp'd] by Virtumnus, dam by a son of Latham's Snap, g. dam 

Clementine, &.C. 

bv Bedford, dam [Imp^d] Hackabout, Slc. 

CRAB, Ump'd] ch. fifteen and a half hands high by Old Fox, his dam tht 

Warlock Galloway by Snake, &c. 

Foaled, 1739. * 

CREMONA, b. f by Spread Eagle, dam Gasteria. 
CRAZY JANE, b. m. by Rob Roy, dam Josephine, &c 

'J. Lewis. 
by Allen's Skyscraper, dam a Cincinnalus mare, g. dam b» 

Galloway's Selim. 
CRAWFORD, [Imp'd] gr. h. bred by the Duke of Cumberland, and got bf 

his Arabian. 

Covered in Va. in 1762. Robert Rufiin. 

CRAWLER, b. h. by Highflyer, his dam Harriet by Old Matchem, <fcc. 

CRUSADER, by Sir Archy, dam Lottery by Bedford. 

South Carolina, 1830. 
CUB, [Imp'd] ch. h. fifteen hands three inches high, bred by Mr. Grenville, 

got by Old Fox, his dam Warlock Galloway— Curwen's Bay Barb 

&c. Foaled, 1739. 
Mare, [Imp'd] by Cub a son of Fox, her dam by Torismond, 

son of the Bolton Starling, her g. dam by second brother to Snip, &«. 

_,,_ 1767. Delancv. 

CUB, (called Old,) b. h. by Yorick by Silver Legs out of Moll Brazen, Slu 

Westmoreland, Va. Daoiel McCarthy. 
^Mare, b. ni. [by Imp'd] Figure out of imp'd Cub mare, (killed 

running a race.) 

J. L. Gibson. 
CUMBERLAND, gr. h. by Pacolet, dam Virginia by Dare Devil. 
_„,_„ James Jackson. 

CUPBEARER, b. h. by Bedford, dam Louisa Hy Harris' Eclipse. 

John Tayloe 

by Florizelle, dam by Bellair. 

J^I^RTILJS, by Diomede, dam by Bedford, g. dam by Patriot. 


CUT I^G, ch. f. by Gracchus, dam Everlasting. 




( > 



CUPID OBCAR, b. h. by Edelin's Oscar, jun. dam by Thornton's Mercury^ 

g. dam by Bowie's SporUman, dtc. 

Pr. Geo. Maryland, 1827. Thomas N. Baden. 

CYPRON, b. m. by Van Tromp, dam Miss Madison by Lurcher. 
CYPRUS, dap. gr. by Smilmg Tom, dam by Silver Legs, (the dam ol 

McCarth/s Cub.) 
CYPHAX, by Janus out of an [Imp'd] Mare. 

Jas. City, Va. 1775. John Walker. 

CYGNET, by Corraorant out of Blossom. 

Turner Dixon. 

DABSTER, [Tmp'd] by Hobgoblin— Spanker— Hautboy, &c 

IinpM 1741. 
DAP^ DEVIL, [Imp'd] b. h. by Magnet, dam Hebe by Chrysolite out ol 

Proserpine sister to Eclipse, &c. 

Foaled, 1787. ^^,^ „ 

__— Young, [by Jmp'd] Dare Devil, dam by a son of Old Partner 

out of a mare which was got by an impM horse. 

New Kent Cy. Va. 1802. John Clopton. 

-Mare, [hylmp^d] Dare Devil, dam Sallard^ oW mare bj 


Wildair, g. dam Picadilla by Bait & Macklin's Fearnought. 
Mare, [by Imp^d] Dare Devil, dam Trumpeter. 

J. Hoomes. 

DAIRY MAID, by Bedford, dam Racket by Medley. ^,j t^- 

-s. m. by Sir Hal, dam [by Imp'd] Oscar, g. dam by Old Dio 

J. M. BotU 

mede — Bellair, &,c. 

t/AFFODIL, by Dare Devil, dam Celerima. rr n v i 

I • v-*. i^eison. 

DAMON, dk. ch. h. by Old Celer—Babraham— thorough bred Janus mare, 

_b. by Janus (by Fearnought) dam by Old Fearnought out of 

an [Imp*d\ mare Steady Sally. , .^ „ , 

I7gj -• John Baylor. 

DAME PRESLEY, b. m. by Carolinian, dam Miss Dance. 

D\PHNE, by Figure, (by Yorick) dam an Ebony mare. 

DAPPLE JOHN, by Lloyd*s Traveller— [/m;>'rf] Janus—imp d mare. 

DARIUS, dap. b. h. [by Imp'd] Jolly Roger— Baylor's Old Shock out of a 

thorough bred impM mare. 

Foaled, 1767. ,, . ^,j « ,.„ 

DART, ch. m. by Diomedon— Old Celer— Old Warning— Old Spa'Jille, 

&c. out of a thorough bred mare. 

1815. (Crippled.) ^ ,. , t u 

DARLINGTON, [Imp'd] b. h. by Clothier, dam by Highflyer, LitUe John, 


Mecklenburg, Va. 

J, Goode. 

-Mam?,' by Darlington, dam by Clodius, g. dam by Bolton, g. %, 
dam Sally Wright, &c. ^^^^^^^ 

-Mare, dk. Iron gr. [by Imp^d] Darlington— Hart's Medley- 

tnorough bred mare by inipM Justice, 6lc. 
p'd] b. h. by the Gower S *' - 
Blue out of the sister of Pelh 
-Little, (See Little David.) 

tnorough bred mare oy mipo j usuce, olm. ^ . tt 

DAVID, [/m/j'rf] b. h. by the Gower Stallion, dam by Fox Cub— Younf 
True Blue out of the sister of Pelham's Little George, &c. 




DARNING NL*EDLE, b. m. by Sir Archy, dain [by Imp'd. Diomeoe. 

Foaled, 1813. ^ j^ Warfield 

DASHER, gr. c. by Cincinnatiis, dam Shrewsbury Nan. 

Maryland. Thos. M. Forman 

DASH ALL, br. h. by Sir Archy, dam Meg Dodds. 

Reeds, Caroline Cy. Messrs. Corbin^s. 

DAUPHhN, b. by Lloyd's Traveller, dam by Old Figure, gr. dam by Dove, 


Chas. Cy. Maryland, 1783. 
DEFIANCE, br. h. by Florizelle, dam Miss Dance by Roebuck. 

DE KALB, b. h. by Arab, dam by Virginian, g. damPrudentia bv Shvlock. 

South Carolina, 1832. a. R. RuffinT 

br. c. by Kosciusko, dam Virginia Coquette. 

1825. j^ Fereuson 

DESDEMONA, by Dare Devil, dam Lady Bolingbroke. * 

^»Q0-. . ^. , . . J-Tayloe. 

b. ra. by Mmer's Escape, dam by Dare Devil, gr. dam bv 

Mask. ' 

18^9- ,^^ , ^. E. G. W. Butler. 
^ — gr. f. by Comet, dam Kitty Fisher by Oscar. 

^^^^ Ramson Davis. 

— — br. ch. m, by Vii^ginius, dam Miss Fortune [by Imp'd] Star 
g. dam Anvelina. i .^ ^ j » 


DELEGATE, ch. c. [by Imp'd] Valentine, dam Cornelia Van Home, Slc 

mPTirl^^'u u o. . . , T.M. Forman. 

DELILAH, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam by Herod, &c. 

wxrMktrf^r^n . m . . ^ J**" ^* ^' Baker. 

DEMOCRAT, b. h. by Grey Diomede, dam by Hall's [Jmp'd] Eclipse e. 
dam by Don Carlos. '^ ^ 

.-, .. », Walter Bowie. 

bl c. by Morgan's Shakespeare, dam Shrewsbury Nan, (fee. 

Cecil Cy. 1794. T. M. Fortuan. 

DEPRO, by Bay Baronet, dam [Tmp'd] Crop. 

DE WITT CLINTON, ch. h. by fiatfer, dim (Flirt's dam) by Duroc, i. 
dam by Baronet. ' 

DIAMOND, [Imp'd] by Hautboy, son of Old Fox, &c. 

r,, . ., . ^ L ^ . . , Alex. Spotswood. 

DIANA, gr. £ by Galatm, dam by Clio [by Imp'cn Whip. 


b. m. by Claudius, dam Sally Painter. 

" ■ •■ br. m. by Tayloe's Hamiltonian, dam by Bowie's Bellaii— 

Irish Grey, &,c. 

Lexington, Kentucky, 1821. E. Warfield 

-by First Consul dam, dam of Marshal Ney, g. dam by Mea 

Sanger, g. g. dam by Figure. 

-by Americus (by Shark,) oam Minerva by Bellair. 
"[by Imp'd] Sterling, dam one of Col WiUis' best mares. 

ni ANA VERNON, br. b. m. by Ratray, dam Cora [by Imp'd\ Carlo 'Zl • 


Maryland, 1817. James Parker 

^J ANORA, b. f \by Tmp'd] Expedition, dam Betsy Bell. 
UICK DASHALL, ch. c by Dioraede, dam Shark mare. 

J Hoomes, Juo 








DICTATOR \by Imfd] Mexican, dam by ImpM Himnap, g. d.m Imp^*. 
°"'^ BougntWthe Duke of Bndgwater's sale .nj;_62.^^^ M.pher«„.. 

1.1DO ^,rt (brTby y Hoomes^ by Coeur de Lion, dam Am.ninda b, 
' Medley, g. dam by Bolton. 

__i!!!_by Gen. Morns' [/«;.'<«] Bay Richmond, dam Slamerkin b, 

•^'"'"' l; f. by Coeur de Lion, dam Poll by Eclipse. 
Dl Vmmn, by OW Florlxelle, dam by Ogle'. Oscar, g. dam by Hero. 

i;^^ by Sir William, '^""J^l^^^T d.„ by Apollo- 

DINWIDDIE, b. h. by Diomede, dam by Wilda.r, gr. oa y v 

Partner— Fearnought, &c. p^ yy^ Cutler. 

DioN,r;'<n by l^'^^^;^''^J^%^lI;^rT^'^^::T^ "'' 

. Matchem— La&s of the Mill oy v^ronou ^ Hoomes. 

__iI!!-M*... b. m. [6y /m,'rf]Dion-Highflyer-ApoUo-01d Jolly 
Roger, &.C. J. Sims. 

Tb^ra^-tlKy P-^vt:i-by Leed's Arabian. (Died ... 
,«07. 30 years old.) ^^^ „^,^ ^^ ^,H,i,. 

inSor. lir' c" fr/ J/d] Easle, dam Chesnut Mare by D.o- 

mede, gr. dam by Atderma.i-Wdda ,r. &c. ^ wkkham. 

i!!l^(THO«.TON'»,) by Ball's Flori«Ue. dam [by Imp'd] Whip, gr. 

dam by Topgallant, &c. Thornion. 

.Mxar., b. I6y Imfd] Diomede. dam by Gin.crack. (alias Ban- 

dolph's Roan.) EHw. Curd. 

.!:fll!!!fc b^bJU^nd's Diomede-[/m/d] Dion-lmp'd High- 

flyer- -Apollo, &.c. j. Sims. 

— b. m. Loy im^ j ^ Justice, &c._ _ 

. b. m [fty '^i;^*^'°7;rb7T,npM Justice, &c. ^ 

iast, &c.— thorough bred mare oy imp j^^ Gowan. 

(Sr.o«n,) gr. |fcy /"..V] D-^ede. dam by Imp'd Clockfes. 

—Old Partner— Old Regulus, Sec. ^^^ Randolph. 

DIOMEDIaJ. b^ Am^h. Saluam^^^^^^^^^ ^ 

niRFCTOR ch by sTrArchy, dam N^eretrix by Magog. 

^J^!^I!^tJo. (See ^ o.^ Director ^ ,.„ ,, u,„ 

DIRECTRESS, ch. m. by Dnector, daui by v^ia 

crack, 6lc. Jackson. 

UOCTO ?* c. by Pacotango, dam Virginia, (Coquette.) ^ ^^^^ 
.HJLC Y^Nir. bv Old Silver Eye, a.m [6, Im,^d] Badger-Forester. *. 

got by Changeling 

DOLLY PATMAN, ch. by Sir Alfred, dam by Tom Tough, f ilaiii 09 

Kell'.s by Dandridge^s f'earnought. 
nOLLA BELLA, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Bay Doll. 

DON CARLOS, [hy Tmp\r\ Valentine, dan: Fenella by Silver Heels. * 
• h. h. [6y Imp'd] Figure, dam Primrose by Dove. 

V^?; ,. • . ,,, !>«■. Hamilton. 
DON JUAN, ch. c. by Timoleon, dam Rosemary [by Imp^d] Diomede. 
by Rattler, dam by Oscar, g. dam by Medley. 

^^ivT^^T A TT L R/t . . . ^^' Thornton. 

DONGOLAH, by Mark Anthony, dam Nancy Bell by Fearnought, e. dam 
Miss Bell. " 

DOMINICA, gr. h. [6y fwp^f] Dove— Regulus— American horse Othell 

thorough bred Iinp'd mare. 
DORA, b. f by Kosciusko, dam Josephine. 

^«25. John S. Moore. 

DORACLKS, [by imp'd] Shark, dam by Clockfast. 
DOTTRELL, |/m;>V/] g. fifteen and a half hands high, 

his dam by a son of Wvnn's Arabian. 

Foaled, 1750. Westmoreland Cy. Va. 1766. Philip L. Lee. 

DOUBTF.K.'^S, by Fitz Diomede, (son of Diomede,) dam by Picture g. 

dam by Sweet Surry by Spadille. ' 

G. P. Tayloe. 
DOUBTFUL, b. f. by Spread Eagle, dam Medley mare. 

John Hoomes. 
DOVE, [Imp'd] gr. by Young Cade, dam by Teazer out of a Gardiner 
mare, &.c. 

17*>^- ' Dr. Hamilton. 

DOUCE DAVIE, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Cornelia. 

1825. J. Randolph. 

URACO.N, [Imp'J] by Woodj<*>cker, dam Juno by Spectator, Horatio by 

Blank,— Chil(iers—Mis^ Belvoir, <fec. Died 1812, aged 25 years. 

John Hoomes. 
V'y Imp'd] Dragon— Truxton— Barry's Grey Med lev— Stem 

— Pill(;ar!ic, (tc. 
DREADNOUGHT, ch. c. [by Imp'd] Expedition, dam Tulip. 

I. our CD rr , r. Thos. M. Forman. 

DKlVhR, [Imp d] b. h. by Driver, dam by Lord Ossary's Dorremont, g 
dam by Old King Herod— Shephard's Crab— Miss Meredith bi 
Cade. Foaled, 1794. ' 

,M3rT,T^^",'*^'"^^"" ^^'^y- ^^ W. Thornton. 

DKUID, [fmp'dj ch. near sixteen hands high by PoiSos, (son of Eclipse, 

his dam Maid of the Oaks by king Herod— Matchem— Snap— R« 

fulus, &c. 
r^„„^,J.°*'^^' ^^^- (^^^ ) •'ohn Hoomes. 

DUKTTA, by Silver Tail, dam Vanity by Celer. 
DUBIOUS, b. c. by Bertrand, dam Darning Needle. &c. 

I UNGANNON, [Imp'dJ b. h. by Dungannon, dam by Conducioi— Flitt 
by Squirrel— Helen by Blank— Crab out of Old Partner»s sister. 
1793. J. Tayloe 

— by Bedford, dam by Coeur de Lion, g. dam by Medley. 

I UFF (iREEN, (Cage's Colt) ir gr. by Pacolet, dam by Royalist, gr. uaif 

by Bompanl, (son of Obscurity,) Pillgarlic, dtc. 
/ UKE OF BEDFORD, [by Imp'd] Bedford, dam Pilot by Quicksilver 
I t KE OF LIMBS, (Experiment) by Highflyer. J. lloomet 




DUKE CHARLES, ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam by Financier.^ Harrison 

. DUROC, ch. h. [by Imp'd] Diomede, dam Amanaaby Grey Diomede, &c 

2*^Va?fn'rv Va 1810 WadeMosLv. 

___b h by Old Duroc, dam by Florixelle- Gabriel-Bedford, 

DUTCHE^^S Ump'd] b. m. bred by the Duke of Grafton, got by Grouse son 
of Highflyer out of Georgiana,own sisterto Conductor by Matchein 

^Babrahani— Partner, &c. , , o i i u 

jgQj John Randolph. 

—by Bedford, da.n Thresher [hy Imp'd] Shark— Twigg, &c. 

^ R. R. Johnson. 

_by Hero, dam by Brutus, g. dam by Tarquin--01d IVince, &,c 

^ ' Rich. Rapley. 

DUMPLING, ch. f by Gracchus, dam Everlasting. ^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^ 
DUTll' UL,* ch. f by Sumpter, dam Miss Haggin. ^ Warfield. 

EAGLE limped] b. sixteen hands hieh,gotbv Volunteer (a son of Eclipse) 
out of a riighflyer mare, her cfam by fcngineer-Cade-Lass of the 
Mill 1)V Traveller— Miss Matchless— Partner— W oodcock, &c. 
Foaled\ 179B. Whitby, Va. 1812. S. S. Saunders. 
b. h. [by Imp'd] Eagle, dam Ins by ImpM Sterling. 

br. b. by Spread Eagle, dem Arminda, &c. 

ISoT Sold to Mr. Alston, S. C. J^oomes 

_ b c. by Volunteer, dam by H-^hflyer- Engmeer— Cade, &.C 

^ ^^ br b. by Old Sir Solomon, da i Aurora by Honest John, gr. 
dam Zelippa [by Lnp'd] Messenger. 

New Jersey. o i n 

. ^. by Spread Eai^le, dam Spndille. 

EBONY YouNU, [Tmp'J]. (See Young Ebony.) 

1702. , . ,,,,,. 

EBONY, [btf Fmp'd] Othello, dam Imp'd belima. 


-dk. br. by Roanoake, dam Jet. 

Stephen Hunt. 


J. Randolph 

EASTER, ch. f by Gohanna, dam by Napoleon, g. dam by Sir Harry- • 

ECHO, ch. f by American Eclipse, dam Maria Slamerkin. 

EC:ONOM V*, b. c by Old Rattler, dam by Topgallant— Bedford— Pnmrose, 

^^' Win. Cleveland. 

KCl IPSE AMERICAN. (See American Eclipse,) «tc. 
S:L1PSE, Harris' b. h. [by Imfd] FearnougU, dam an Imp'd mare by 

-MAavLAND, dk. ch. h. by American Eclipse, dam Lady ^ 

ihc Lake, g. dam Maid of the Oaks. 
Rait 1829 

Samuel Bn««<w». 



CCLIPSE, Souther If, ch. h. by Northampton, dam by First Consul— Grev 
Diomede — Old Ebony, <fcc. 

_ - . William Thonitoo. 

; r^?.V?,V *:?• *°'* **• f^y J^P'^ obscurity, dan: by Apollo, u. 

dam by Old Valiant— Try All, &.c. J *~ » »• 

Prince George Cy. 1796. Wm. Cole. 
[by Imp'd] Eagle, dam Lauretta by imp'd Bedford, &c. 

Kentucky, 1825. Levvis Sheely. 
Herod, [by Imp'd] Driver, dam inip'd Miss Bennington. 

Washington City, 1808. Wm. Thornton. 

m Virginia, (See Virginia Ealipse.) 

. OF THE West, b. h. by Duroc, dam [Imp'd] Moggy Slamerkin, 

Warren, Ohio, 1825. 
— — — LioHTFOOT, bl. c. by American Eclipse, dam Lady Lightfoot, 
&,c. 1825. 

-by Virginius, dam Anvelina. 

^8^2. J.B.Richardson. 
— Mare, dk. bay by Harris* Eclipse—Black and All Black— Old 

Mark Anthony, dwj. thorough bred mare. 

Halifax Cy. N. C. 1797. Vaughan. 

. -—-Northern, IJmp'dj by O'Kelly's Eclipse, dam Amyrillis bf 

Adolphus, dec. 

Foaled, 1770. Annapolis, 1780. ^ Wallace &. Muire. 

■ [Imp'd] ch. was got by O'Kelly's famous Eclipse, dam Pheb« 

full ^ister of Apollo— Phebe by Regulus, her dam by Cottingham, s 

dam by Snake, &c. ^ s . » 

^^^,J*J}!1^.\9^^^^ ^y- Richard B. Hall. 

EFFIE DEANS, b. ni. by (Farmer's) Florizelle, (by Ball's Florizelle,) dam 
by Clockfest, gr. dam by Jones* Coeur de Lion— Robin Redbreast- 
Dare Devil, &c. 

ELECTION, 0. c. by Spectator, dam Fairy by Bedford. 

1811. j^ Hoomes. 

ELEGANT, [by Imp'd\ Fearnought, dam by Bellair— Wildair, dtc. 

ELIZA, ch. m. by Bagdad, dam Mellwood by Topgallant 

Tennessee. L. J. Polk. 

[by Imp^d] Bedford, dam impM Mambrino, Sic 

— — o. f. by Justice, dam Nancy Dawson. 

^^^' James FergusoL. 

ch. m. by Timoleon, dam by Sir Alfred (the dam of Waxer, 

Red House, N. C. J. W. Jeflrie*. 

Adams, by Hornet, dam [by Imp^d] Jack Andrews. 

W. H. Minge. 
— Reilst, b. £ by Sir Archy, dam Bet Bounce. 

Dr. J. Minge 

' — Sflotch, g. f by Sir Archy, dam by Diomede. 

• Walker, b. f by American Eclipse, dam by Moore's Sir Ai^ 

chy, g. dam Jenny Deans. 

White, b. f by Sir Archy, dam by Diomede. 

Wharton, b. by Director, dam by Bedford — Proserpine cy 

Dare Devil. 

Drake, ch. f. by Shawnee, dam by Sir Archy. 

John White, i or Jacksou 
f:LIZABETH, by Sir Archy, dam by Robin Redbreast. 

Gt»ri. Wv'me 
" — — —— b. m. by Alfr«Ki out of the dam of .Sail v HorMci by Hornat 



J. Tavloe. 

EXVIKA, cK f by Bedford, dam Virginia Sorrel. 

(Sold lo H. King.> 
EMIGRANT, bv Carolinian, dam Pet by St. Tammany. 
EMPRESS, [6y Imp'd] Baronet, dam by Old Messenger— Snap— Tni« 

Briton, &c. 

Flatbush, Long Island. « i • 

ENDLESS, ch. f. by Gracchus, out of sister to Everlastmg. 

|o|Q J. Randolpru 

r:NTERPRISE, b. h. by Diomede, dam Forlorn Hope. 

Henry Macklm. 

...^ by Florizelle, dam by Saltrara, (the dam of Timoleon and 


.(See Grey Diomede.) 

ENGINEER, ch. [bylmp'd] Eagle, dam by impM Archduke out of imp d 

Castianira, &c. Broadnax. 

EQUA, ch. m. [by /mp'il Chance, dam by Republican President, g. daw 

by impM Figure— Dove, &,c. r t^ i. .» 

1^^^ Isaac DucketU 

EQUINOX^' ch. c. [6y Imp^d] Baronet, dam Tulip. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

ER lEL, (or' Ariel,) gr. m. by Am. Eclipse, dam Empress by Financier. 

LSCAPE (or Horns,) [Imp'd] ch. h. fifteen and a halt hands high, was got 
by Precipitate, his dam by Woodpecker, his g. dam by Sweet Brier, 
out of the dam of Buzzard by Dux— Curiosity by Snap— Regulus, 

Foaled, 1798. John Hoomes. 

N. B. Escape was called Horns in England, under which name he 

_, _ —Miner's, [by Imp'd] Escape, dam by imp'd Bedford, g. dam 

inip'd Gasteria. ^ , ,,. , r- 

— Marr, ch. bred by Dr. Thornton in 1821 by Miner's Escape, 

dam Young Adeline by Topgallant. . 

or THE West, by American Eclipse, dam Moggy Slamican. 

CourUand Cy. N. Y. ^ ^^";^'r."°^^r' 

bv Timoleon, dam by Sir Harry, g. dam by Old Diomede. 

^ Bobert Saunders. 

ETHIOPIA,bl.m.byTayloe*8Bedford(by Bedford) dam by PotSos, who wai 

by Old Medley out of a Conductor mare, g. dam Celer, &c. 
EVELINA, by Phenomenon, dam by Regulus, g. dam by Lindsay • Ara- 

EUDORA, k m. [by Itnp'd] Dragon, dam by impV Clifden, g. dam by Fkg 

ofTruce—Goode's Brimmer „,>,,. • 

H. Baldwin, jun. 

KXILE, ch. c. by Coeur de Lion, dam oyren Silver, r. dam Caroline by 

Eclipse, &C. 

Davidson, Tennessee. 1806. 
EXPECTATION, (See Galatin.) . . t. j w ir •- 

EXPEDITION, or Ballinamuc, [Imp'd] fifteen hands, three and a half in- 

ches high, was got by Pegasus, his dam Active by Woodpecker, gr 

dam Laura by Whistlejacket, g. g. dam Pretty Pollv by 

Foaled 1795. •'• Humphreys. 

EXPRESS, [imp'd]wns got by Postmaster out of a Cypron mare, g. dan 

by Matchem, g. g. dam by Snip, Regulus, dtc 

Foaled. 1785. 




FAIR PLA V, b. c. by Play or Pay, dam Bellaria. 

— by Citizen, dam by Medley. 

J' HoomM. 

FAIR FORESTER b.m. [by Imp'd] Chance, Celia by Symmes* Old VVU 
dair — Lady Bolmgoroke, &.c. 

FAIRFAX, (afterwards called Rattler) by Rattler, dam Laura^by Arabarb. 

ImpM by Col. Lear, an Arabian horse. 
FAIR MAID, by First Consul, dam Jane Lowndes, by Driver. 
FAIR RACHEL, by Diomede, dam Susan Jones by Old Shark, Wildaii. 


-Rosamond, gr. m. by Sir Archy, dam Forlorn Hope. 

H. Macklin. 

FAIRY, by Sir Alfred, dam [/mp'rf] Promise. 

„,, . ^' '"• by Tom Tough, dam [by Imp'd] Archibald— Lothario— 

Whig, &c. 

by Herod, dam by Diomede— Gimcrack, 6lc. 

Joseph Bailey. 

' oy Bedford, dam Mambrino by Mambrino full sisic^ of Nai- 

lor's Sally. 

Foaled, 1797. a Spotswood 

FAIR STAR, b. f by Torpedo, dam Betsy Wilkes. 

rAMKi£°*u'^i.l®^^ . T. G. A. Blaney, U. S. A. 

t ANN Y, ch. f by Coeur de Lion, dam Fanny Foster by Wildair. 
Tennescf'e 1808 

FANNY FOSTER, ch.'by Old Wildair, dam by Old Partner— Old Fear- 

nought — Old Jolly Roger, &,c. 

N.Ca •• "-- 

John Foster. 

yarolina, 1795. 

MuRRAT, g. f own sister to Miss Peyton 

1814. John Randolph. 

C/OLE, br. b. by Francisco, dam Sting by Jack Andrews. 

Benjamin Harrison. 
Fairm AID, ch. m. by Rob Roy, dam Fairmaid by First Con 

sul, &c 

-Hill, ch. f by Sir William, dam Diomede mare by Ragland's 
Diomede, Slc. 
FANTAIL, br. m. by Sir Archy, dam Sally McGhee. 
FANCY, br. m. by Wilke's Wonder, dam by Mark Anthony, Fearnoug-ht, 

Tennessee, 1809. j. Sumner, 
—————by Jubilee, (by Independence,) dam Stella. 
by Independence, (bv Atkinson's Fearnought) dam by Amen 

cus— [/mp'rf] Traveller— Monkey, &c. 

-, . _,, H. Macklin. 

FARMER JOHN, b. c. by Sterling, dam [Imp'd] Janette. 

_ ---.-._ Richard Hoomes. 

rAVOURITE, [Imp^d] b. m. by Volunteer, dam by Matchem, Dtmty Da 
vey— Bayton, 6lc. bred bv Mr Fenwick. 

Foaled, 1790. Imp'd 1796. John Hoomes 

iyy Old Fearnought dam. 

Gen. Jone» 

•^ " (Old) by Bellair, dam by Bedford, Pantaloon, Slc. (Wychc'i.; 

F. Thornton, (cf 'iVarr«»n.) 






FAYETTR tyy Fiuhugh's Regulus, dam by Othello, [Imp^d] Juniper, M«r 
ton's Traveller, &c. p^^j Thornton. * 

HeT.eague'« Whitenose, het dam by Rattler, 4-c. ^ 

''■"''DBlZfc's.&p'a] Fearnought, dan,—. . ,^ 

- -Z^^^o^i^^ of the «idow o^^Col. Mad near Norfc^M^c^^^^ 

Wicksford, Va. 1777. . 

FEATHER, ch. f by R««'". ''«™ M'"»""'^ b. F. Whiting. 

FEDER^IS^I^: b^LXd- by Old Fearnought ou, of Col. Tasker's S. 

lima, raised by J . Tayloe. j p^^^^^ 

FENELLA by Silver Heels, dam Black Merino by Vintxun-Comet-Do. 

Carlos— Old Figure, &.c. ^ g y/;„^„, 

___f!!I!;iir''nT"by Smith's Alfred, dam by Dungannon-Nimrod- 

&c. Edward Parker. 

FiGCRErr/-;-'^ "• ^,•^'.srcn^':;^otS^"-"1s^;„'^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

'dZ^'ofd^al'fCVg F&'dlS dam of Ralph 
Gore's gr. mare. jj, Hamilton. 
"®^' r r™«'il « h bT Standard, dam a Beaufort Arabian mare- 
E^lM frabia^Brimmer-Darley's Arabian, ic 

. _£^.'ri;y Hamilton's [/^^ Figure, dam Brem;s E^n^y.^^ 
___!^Vt?; (^ VJung Figure.) 
FTSISSIi^iyX%'sX(K.rb> Messenger, dan, by OM 

FlREFfvTb^^TrR^.o.'a^m Shepherdess by Phenom^non.^ ^^_ 
FIRETAIL, [Imp^dl b. by Phenomenon out of Columbine by EspusA,'* 

&^c. In,p»d by Cain & Ray. 

FIREbI^ND. [Imp'd] ch. c. by Buzxard out of Fanny, own sister to Rin, 
FIRSxWsutty F^'f Tr^am [6y Wfl Slender, g. d.mimp'd 

Dion by famous Eclipse. j^j^^ p g^„^ 

riBs/FRUlts,'dk"bTc. by Randolph'. Roanoake, dam Cameleon b, 
FITZPaSw™, dam Brandon [6y Z-^^, An«o.l^«;„ 

FLAG OF TRUCE, (Goode's)byGoldfinder,damby Flimnap— AristoUe— 
Fearnought, &c. 

Prince George Cy. Qq\ Fortres* 

FLEETWOOD, b. c. by Washington, aam by Sir Robin, (lie by Robin Reil- 

breast,) g. dam by Dare Devil, <fec. 
FLIMNAP, [Imp'd] b. h. fourteen and a half hands high, by Soulh, daip 

Cygnet mai«, bred by Sir John Moore, g. dam by Ebony—Childeii, 

South Carolina, 1780. l<*oaled, 1765. 
FURTILLA, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam by Robin Redbreast— Obscurity, &c 

Sussex Cy. Va. Win. Wynne. 
-—[Impd] ch. m. by Virtumnus, O^Kelly's Flirtilla by Squirrel 

—Helen by Blank— Crab— out of own sister to Old Partner. (Died 


J. Tavloe. 
FLORIZELLE, [Imp'J] (Helenas) dap. bay sixteen hands high by ihe noted 
Florizelle, out of a brown mare by Alfred, his g. dam Fairy Queen 
by Young Cade, g. g. dam Black Eyes by Crab out of Warlock, Gal- 

loway by Snake, &c. [Jmp'd] 1794 by Helen for Ringgold <fe'Co. 

ch. 8. [by Imp^ 

Eclipse — Fearnought- 
Broad Rock, Va. 1806. Wm. Ball. 

[M . . -— -..._ 

<jh. 8. [by /w;)WT Diomefle, dam by Imp'd Shark— Harris' 
Eclipse— Fearnought— Old Jolly Roger. 

gr. c. by Grey Diomede, dam Louisa by Eclipse. 

Foaled, 1795. ^ *^ j 

- Tayloe. 
(Graves') by Old Florizelle, dam by Old Spread Eagle, gr. 

dam by Boxer, g. g. dam by Eclipse — Fearnought, <fcc 

Young. (See Young Florizelle.) John M. Burton. 

-Mare, ch. by Ball's Florizelle, dam [by Imp'd] Cripple 

Wonder— Old Bedford, &c. 

,^w^w^,^^^, J. Selden. 

FLORIZELLA, br. f [by Imp'd] Florizelle, dam Betsy Bell. 

Foaled, 1802. thos. M. Forman 
(or Grey Tail) by Ball's Florizelle, dam (Dr. Cutler's race 

mare^ by Wildair, g. dam by Apollo— Eclipse— Mark Anthony— 

[Imp'd] Partner, itc. 
by Florizelle, dam Black Eyed Susan by Potomac. 

Georgia. Jos. Hester. 

FLORA, by Roanoake, dam [Imp'd] Lady G. 

-b. m. by Florizelle, dam Miss Dance by Roebuck, g. dam b? 

Independence, &.c. 

ch. m. by Ball's Florizelle, dam Ins. 

Alex. F. Rose 

J. Lewis. 
— — — b. f. by Heath's Childers, dam Maggy Lauder. 

Foaled, 1789. T. M. Forman. 
ch. by Am. Eagle, (by r/m/>'rfl Spread Eagle,) dam by Imp'% 

Dare Devil, g. dam by True Whig— Regulus, &c. 
FLOUNCE, g. f by Buzzard, dam Portia. 

Delaware, 1828. Thos. Massey. 

FLORETTA, (Edelin'sJ [by Imp'd] Spread Eagle, dam by Hall's Unioi • 

Leonidas — Othello, &,c. 
FLORIDA, b. f by Contention, dam by Francisco — Jack Andrews — Dart 

Devil — Clockfast, &.c. 
— by Old Rattler, dam Flora by Ball's Florizel^. 

1827. J. Lewis 

FLOTE, ch. c. by Neal'i Archy, (by Old Sir Aichy,^ dam Mary Grey. 
30 ♦ i-. J. Gm 


KLCVIA, b/ I>«rtner, dan. Fluvia by Celer. j T«t1o«. 

FLYING DUTCHMAN, b. h. by John Richards, dam by Ec.ipse. g. d»- 
Tv.N'g Jtei^st^ra W^da. (the da.„ of S„.p«..) 

by Robin Redbreast Wynne. 

FORLORN HOPE. gr. m. by Bellair, dam Fancy by m-lg^-^Xviin. 
TORTUNATUS. bv ConW. Black and All Black, dam a full b.«. 
daughter of Tayloe's Yorick. 

Goochland Cy. Va. 1782. r--, j-ax bv Old Janus, *.c. 

FORTUNIO. b. c. by Cormorant, dam Bmadnax oy uiu ^ , ^^^^^ 

FORESTER, ch. h. by Sir Alfred o«t of a Hornet mare^.^^ ^^^^^^ 

FORES WaID, b. m. (See Maid -?f t'^^Jl^'^^jam by Columbus, &c 
FOSKARI, b. c. by Kosciusko, dam by Whip, gr. ^^ ^ Blackburn. 

FRANcfS.'&y /mpVJ Hambleton, dam Nightingale by Chanticleer- 

Jolly Roger, &c. john Minge. 

KRANKLINA, b. m. by Sir ^lomon dam [6y Imp'i] E.pedition-Imp'rf 

Slender— Gen. Herd's Snap, &c. ^ Cruser. 

FRANCES PUCKETT. b. b, Arab, dam by Knowsly. g. dam by S.1- 

tram, &c. Thos. Doswell. 

FREDERIC A, by F^ape. (Horn'..) dam a thorough bred mare, owned b, 

Messrs. Norwoods, Maryland. Messrs. Tayloes. 

tonian— Cormorant, &c. p.-^-chus dam by Friendship-Old 

FREDERICKSBURG, by Old Gracchus, aam y 

Paragon— [/m;>»d] Bedford, &c. Jeflferson Minor. 

FRENZY, by Sans Culotte, dam Minikin. j Randolph. 

FRIENDSHIP, sor. h. by Apollo, (he by Old Apollo,) dam a full b^ 

mare, &c. Chas. Dcwall. 

FROUrb- f by Argus, Ham Am.«>n by Dictator-Statir. by Percy- 

Homespun by Romulus, ate. ^^^^ ^ Rapley. 

b. f. by Sir Charles' dam. j ^ Se\i\en. 

rURIOSO, gr. c. by Dare Devil, dam M«iley mare-Bolton-Feamought. 

&JC' — — Manpin. 

.YLDE, [/V^ br. h f teen -^,^?^^^^^^^ ^^ZTl^ 

Old ('»He, a son of Godolph.n Arabian, 6lc ^^^^ ^^^^ 

,inoM 1832. 




GABRIEL, [Imp'd] b. h. got by Doremont, dam by Highflyer, g. dam by 
Snap out of the dam of Chalkstone -Iris— Planet, (fee, she by 
Shepherd's Crab, her dam Miss Meredith by Cade out of the little 
Hartley mare. Foaled, 1790. 

1799. JohnTayloe. 

GABRIELLA, ch. m. by Sir Archy, dam by Bellftir. 

*®^^- . . . « J- S- Garrison. 
b. f. by Baronet, dam Temptation. 

.wriril??* 1. ,-- , Thos. M. Forman. 

GALLENA, alias Madame JSTorJUet, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam (a mare 
[Imp'd] by Thos. B. Hill of Halifax, N. C.) by Oscar, g. dam Me- 
lissa, &,c. 

CALLANT, b. h. by Fearnought, his dam Stately by Sober John out of an 

llmp'd] mare. Robert Taylor. 

GALLATIN, (Exjaectation) by Bedford, dam Mambrina out of a sister of 

Nailor's Sally, and sold to Col. Alston for |4000. 

1798. J. Tayloe. 

GAMESTER, b. c. by Spread Eagle, dam Sappho by Buckskin. 

1803. Richard A. Rapley. 

GANYMEDE, by Hephestion dam. ^ ^ 

South Carolina. Richard Singleton. 

OARRICK, by Celer, dam by Janus, g. dam the Partner mare, &c. 

Granville, N. C. Chas. Eaton. 
by Americus, dam [Imp^d] Kitty Fisher. 

_ , crwrr^nr 4 w ^*"J- HoskinS. 

GASTERIA, Ump'd] b. f. by Balloon, (he by Highflyer,) dam a Marske 

mare — ^ner dam Cremona by Regulus, 6lc. 

GASCOIGNE, by Roanoake, dam Lady G. 

1824. J. Randolph. 

GATROMINA, ch. f by Timoleon, dam Nili. 

GAY, br^ Cel«r,^dam by Old Partner, g. dam by Valiant, Col. Bj/d's [/rn/^V] 

Thoe. Massey. 

ryall, &«. 
GAYOSO, b. c. by Rinaldo, dam Oranee. 

GAZELLA, by Bussora, dam Hyacinth. 
GEMIMA, by Bedford, dam [Imp'd] Rachel by Drone. 

Wade HMTipton 
GENESIS, b. c. by Sir Archy, dam Henrietta by Sir Hal. 

Bait 1827. Ph. WaWs. 

GENTLE KITTY, by Young Post Boy, dam Gen. Ridgby's Dairy MmH 

by Bedford. 

by Archibald dam. 

GEORGE ST. (See St. George.) 

GEORGIANA, by Sir Archy, dam Gattellier's mare. 

1826. Wm. Wynne. 

— ch. m. by Napoleon, dam Old Poll by Druid. 

E. B. Hicks 
GESTION, by Spread Eagle, dam Calypso. 

1802. J. Tayloe. 

GIANNINI, bl. b. m. by Burwell's Post Boy— [/mp rfj iiO)#e Charitt ou. *? 

the Cumming's mare, &,c. 

Granville, N. C. 1809. 
«IANT, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Anderson's Twi|^ (by Old Twig,) f. d 

by Commutation — Eaton's Garrick, dtc. 





GIFT. ^See America.) 

GILES SCROGGINS, by Sir Archy, dam Lady Bedfori. 

N. Carolina, 1828. W. B. Moms. 

GIMCRACK, ro. h. by Hart's [Jmp'd] Medley, dam by Ariel, &,c. 

1788. Peter Randolph. 

GIPSEY, ch. f. by Sterling, dam Hebe, by Dare Devil, g. dam by Old Med- 
ley, 6lc. 

• Hoomes, Farish, &, Co. 

-b. m, [hy Imp*d\ Bedford, dam by Soldier, g. dam by InipM 

Rich. Adams. 

Sea Gull, g. g. dam by King Herod, d^c. 

1814. Fairfield, Va. 
GLIDER, (2nd) b. c. by Glider, dam Temptation. 

1802. Thos. M. Forman. 

GODOLPHIN, [hy Tmp^d] Diomede, dam Sally Shark by Shark, g. dam 

Betsy Pnngle. 

Newmarket, Va. John Baylor. 

■ (Dr. Brown's) ch. h. by Godolphin, (by Dioniede,) dam (Indian 

HenJ [by Imp^d] Shark, g. dam by Wormlwys or Black Herod, Slc, 

Frederick Cy. James Ware. 

— — — b. h. [by Imp^d] Fearnought, dam Jenny Dismal. 

Dinwiddie Cy. Va. 1777. Thos. Field, 

-by Sprigg's Careless, dam by Selim,g. dam by Panton's Ara- 

bian, &^. 

-Mare, by Godolphin, (by Diomede,) dam by the Pennsylva- 

nia Farmer, g. dam by r^asus— Bolton, &c. Sent to Kentucky. 

John Hoomes. 
GOHANNA, br. b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Merino Ewe, by Jack Andrews, 

1829. Half Sink, near Richmond. John M. Botts. 

GOLD FINDER, by Old Fearnought, dam Kitty Fisher. 

ch. m. by Virginius, dam Miss Fortune, g. dam [Imp^d] An 

GOLIAH, ch. h. by American B>:lipse, dam Lady of the Lake, &c. 

1827. W. Livingston. 

GOLDEN ROD, by Mousetrap, dam Nancy Bell — bred by Gen. Jones. 
GEORGE'S JUNIPER. (See Juniper George's.) [/mp'dl. 
GOUTY, [Imp'd] b. h. five and a quarter feet high, by Sir Peter Teazi», 

his dam the famous yellow mare by Tandem, g. dam Perdita, by 

Herod, Fair Forester by Sloe— Forester— Partner — Croft's bay Bar 

— Makeless — Brimmer, &,c. 

Foaled, 1796. Wm. Rives. 

GRACE, b. f by Roanoake, dam Wildfire. 

18^. John Randolph. 

GRACCHUS, ch. h. by Diomede, dam Cornelia by Chanticleer, 6lc. 

1806. John Randolph. 

_ Mare, by Gracchus — [Imp^d] horse Dion— imp'd Highflyer- 
Apollo, &.C. 

Halifax, Va. 1818. John Sims. 

GRACE, b. m. by Ravenswood, dam Old Everlasting by Sans Cuiotte. 

1822. J- Randolph. 

tiRANP DUTCHESS, ch. m. by Gracchus, dam [Imp'd] Dutchess. 

J. Randolph- 
GREENSVILLE, g. f by Bedford, dam Arminda by Medley. 

Sold J. Jones, 1803. J. Hoomes. 

liRECIAN PRINCESS, b. m. by Virginian, her dam Calypso by Bellair, g 

dam Irby's Dare Devil mare, Slc 

11124 G W. JefrMf 

GREGORY, ch. hy Gracchus, dam Red Eye, g. dam by Sarpcdon. i. a, 

dam by Traveller. ^ * •^ "^ 

GRENADIER, b. h. by Wilkes (who was by Old Figure,) dam by i^ftun-. 

Britania, &,c, 

Petersburg, 1 782. Thomas Ei^ion, 

GREY MARE, by Slouch, [by Imp'd] Medley out of a full bred m»ro. 

N. B. The dam of the gr. m. was sold by W. A. Lee to Drr.tor It* 

GREY ARCHY, by Old Sir Archy, dam by Grey Medley, (son of [Impm 

Medley,) g. dam by imp'd Messenger, &c. 

Tennessee, 1810. B. Philips. 

GREY DOLL, by Spot, (before he was castrated,) dam by Stirling (son ol 

Volunteer) Duetta by Silver Tail 

John Randolph. 
Medley, (Barry's) by Old Medley, dam by Black and AF 

Black, g. dam by Bay Bolton-^ld Partner, &c. 

N. Carolina. George Williams. 

-Alfred, by Lindsay's Arabian, dam [by Imp'd] Tom Jones. 

Diomede, gr. h. [by Imp'd\ Diomede, dam by Flag of Truce 

Brimmer — Silver Eye, dtc, 

1808. Barksdale. 

Diomede, or Enterpbxse, [by Imp'd] Medley, dam by Sloe, f 

dam by Vampire, dwj. 

Sold to J. Tayloe, 1 793. Richard Brooke. 

Beard, by Kosciusko, dam [Imp'd\ Psyche. 

R. Singleton. 
Badger, by Eden's [Imp'd] Badger, dam by imp'd Selim. 

Benjamin Oglc^ 

— — Childers, by Medley, dam by Partner. 

Thomas Eaton. 
■ Orphaw, by Orphan, (he by Ball's Floriselle,) dam by Imp'4 

Diomede, dam of Grey Orphan, Mary Grey. 

John Gist 
GREYHOUND, gr. [by Imp'd] Spread Eagle, dam Pandora by imp'd Med 

ley, &C. 

1806. H. T. Thornton. 

GUNNILDA, [Imp'd] got by Star, by Regulus, by the Godolphin Arabian 
GULNARE, gr. t by Duroc, dam Sportmistress. 

Quecus Cy. N. Y. 1824. Thomas PearsalL 

HACK A BOUT, [Imp'd] got by Eclipse, dam by Cjrphon and sister to Tan* 

dcm, g. dam sister to Apollo by Regulus— Snip, &c Foaled 1 794. 

Imp'd 1 798. John Hoomes. 

HAIL STORM, b. h. [hy Imp'd] Pantaloon, dam Wingyfeet by Jolly Ro- 

ger, g. dam Melpomone by Burwell's Traveller, Ate. 

Charles City, 1802. Fr. H. Dancey. 

HALF PONE, by Rattler, dam Maid of Patuxent by Magie, g. dam Kitty 

Fox, by a son of imp'd Venetian. H. G. S. Key. 

HALL'S UNION, (See Union Hall's.) 
HAMBLETON, or Hamilton, [Imp'd] br. b. sixteen hands high by Dun 

gannon, his dam by Snap, gr. dam by Blank, Parmer, Greyhcund, 


Foaled, 1791. Wm. Lightfoot 

HAMILTONIAN, or HAMLiifroiriAif, ch. h. fcy Diomede, dam by SSark,| 
darn by Spot by ApoUa 
1801. J. T« » 



H AMl.ET, b. c by Maryland Eclipse, dam Forest Maid. 

Laurenceville, Va. 1830. cu u ^' i t^Jt^ 

8or {ch.) h. by Hall'* Eclipse, dam Shepherdes* by Chalaia, 



J. Tayloe. 
J. Hoomes. 

^' J. H. Harrison. 

H\NOVER, by Bussora, dam by Sir Archy, &c 

HANNIBAL, by Sir WUiiam, dam Sally Currie. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

HANNA^H%. m. by Moore'i Archy. dam by Buchanan's Medley-OW 

Celer— Hector, &-c. , . , . mu . » i*7-. 

HANDEL, by Goode's Herod, (ho by Diomede,) dam by Thornton s Wil- 
dair— Bellair— Symmes' WUdair, d&c ^ ^ 

HAPHAZARD, bv Collector, dam by Fearnought— Spad ill a, &c. 

1805 layioe. 

HARDINIA BURNLEY, bL m. by Old Roebuck, dam by Old Bedford— 

^«"*''' ^' W. D. Taylor. 
HARMONY, [by Imp'd] Figure, dam Stella, (the dam of Primrose and 
Thistle) by imp'd Dove. ^^^^^^ 

b. m. by Cragg'8 Sweeper, dam {by Itnp'd] Dove, g. dam S«. 

\73^^y ^'*''"°* ^* Walter Bowie. 

HARVEY BIRCH, by Richmond, dam by Sir Alfred. wK;a_^..h 

HARLEQUIN, ch. h. by Gabriel, dam by Venetian-True Whig— C.ub, 

HARPER, by Grey Diomede, dam l*olly Peachem. 

HARRIET, b. f. by Bedford, dam Proserpine. 

1804. , ^ ^ r.- A 

HARWOOD, by Archy, dam Asmoplede by Diomede. ^ ^ ^^^.^ 

HAUTBOY, gr. c by Gallatin, dam Sappho by Tartar. 

IIAVmTkER, dk. ch. s. h. [by Imfd\ Clifden, dam Harlot by HalPi 

ftTA. , , ,^ CM. Bennett 
N. B. This horse was bred by Col. Lyles of Maryland. 
HAVOC, c. c. by Sir Charles, dam by Alfred. Coroin. 

HAZARD, ch. c. by Timoleon, dam [by Jmp'd] Royalist, g. dam by Dio- 

TenueSi^ 1829 ^^^"^ Swinney. 

HEDGFORD, [Imp'd] br. by Filho da Puta, dam Miss Cragie by OrvilK 

g dam by Luriher-Phenomenon, &c. Filho da Puta by Haphitf- 

ard—W>xey—Woodi>ecker— Squirrel, dLC. 

Foaleo, 1 826. Imp'd 1 832. Wm. Jackson. 

HEATH'S CHILDERS, (See Childers Heath's.) 
HEBE, b. f. by Florizelle, dam Tartar mare, &c ^^^^^ ^^.^^ 

.^ b. f. by Dare DevU, dam Yarico by Medley. 

179& •'• Hoomef. 

HELEN, b. m. [by Imp'd] Medley, dam Diana by Specimen. ^ ^^^^^^ 

iOJ^RTWELL, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam by Planter, (which was raiwo 
^ by Collie; HarriJn of Va. sired by Pantaloo„0 ^ d-n t^^ulun- 
Sweeper. &c, n. w. t . 

HENRY, ch. n. by Sir Archy, dam out of Bellona by Bellair 

-—-II. a ch. h. by Henry, dam (the dam of Sir LovelM fbu Tmp'd 
Aghl Infantry—Jmp'd Messenger, &,c. / 1 ^ r . 

Can)bridge, N. Y, 
HENRIETTA, br. m. by Sir Hal, dam Lady Burton. 
1822. ^ 

*■ b. f. by Henry, dam Acnes. 

Bait 1827. ^ 

— — gr. m. by Sir Archy, dam Forlorn Hope. 

Edw. Lons. 
J. W. Eppet. 

PhUip Wallis. 

HEPHESTION, red s. h. by Buzzard, dam Castianira. (Sold for $1400. 1 

1809. J rp'*'^ ' 

HEROD [Imp'd] gr. h. by Young Herod, son of Old Herod out of I^rd 

Clermont's Stud, a daughter of Conductor. 

1790. J Hoomes. 

HIAZIM, ch. c. by Sir Archy, dam Jenny by Archduke. 
HICKORY, ch. h. by Gracchus, dam Everlasting. 

. , ,, , John Randolph. 

— -br. h. [by Imp'd] Whip, dam Dido by impM Dare Devil, t 

dam by Symmes' WUdair, <fcc 

HIGHFLYER, [Imp'd] br. by Tattersall's Highflyer, his dam by cfphon 
out of Young Cade's sister— Old Cade— Partner— Makeles*— Brim- 
mer, Slc. 

Foaled, 1784. (South River.) J. Craggs. 

1 T^^- ^- h. by Wildair, dam by Yorick. g. dam by Filzhuah'* 

Regulus, <fcc. ^ 

Albemarle Cy. Va. 1802. David Clarkson. 
ch. c. by Marplot, dam Brilliant mare. 

1795. S.Carolina. WiUiam Alston. 
[by Imp'd] Sir Harry, dam imp'd Pamona. 

Hanover, \a. 1815. Daniel Wade Jun 

HIGHFLYER MARE, [by Imp>d] Highflyer— ApoUo-ImpM Jolly Re 

ger, Oi^c. 

1790. Halifex, Va. John Sims. 

HIGHLANDER, [Imp'd] gr. by Bordeaux, his dam (Teetotum) by Match- 

em, g. dam Lady Bolingbroke by Squirrel,— g. g. dam Cypron, tlie 

dam of Kmg Herod, &c. bred by Mr. Douglass in England. 

Foaled, 1783. .^6 6 

~~~~— b. by Shark, dam Young Selima by Fearnought. 

tiiDD^^J?^* u Richard Brooke. 

HIFIWJA, b. m. by Virginian, dam by Rockingham, (by Florizelle,) g 

dam by Magog by Chanticleer. 

S. Carolina. p. m. Butler. 
b. f by Roanoake, dam Grand Dutchess. 

t^.T^r^^^' J- Randolph. 

HIPPONA, [Imp^d] b. f by Sir Peter, dam by Wood|)ecker, g. dam o? 
Sweeibrier out of Buzzard, dam by Dux, &,c 

iir»»*T^^"^'®*'' ^^^^- *'«"• McPherson 

HOMESPUN, by Romulus, dam Venus by Hero, g. dam Tripsey by Fear- 

HONEST JOHN, [Imp'd] br. b. by Sir Peter Teazle, daai by Magnet— U 

Sang— Rib— Mother Western by (Smitli's) Sou of ^aakt., iiA. lmp*4 

Milton, New Jersey, 1806. 
'" by Old M^«enger, dam Maria Slamerkin. 






dONEST JOHN, by Tuckahoe, dam Chehoangti [by Imp'd] Arab. 

Bordentown, N. J. 1826. . ,^ ^ J^n^es Dav.dton 

HONESTY [hy Jmp'd] Expedition, dam by imp'd Messenger, g. dmm l>f 

impM W Rich.nond, &c. ^ ^ Vanmeter. 

HONEY COMB, [by Imp^d] Jack Andrews, dam Pill Box by ^;^^'^^^- 

HOPE llmp'd] by Volunteer, impM by Dr. Tate of Philadelphia. 
__— Young, by Diomede, dam Arakookress. ^ ^ • ,j 
(6y Imp'd] Shark, dam by imp'd Fearnought, g. dam by imp d 

HOPPER BOY, e. [fey /m;)V] Messenger, dam the impM PotSos marc,&c 
HORN'S, [Imp'd\ (See Escape.) n a t^ 

HORNET by Diomede, dam Cade's Primrose by Dove, Cade, &c. 

«- ir. c. by Bellair, dam by Celer, g. dam by Janus. &;C. 

HOTSPUR, by Timoleon, dam by Sir Archy, g. dam by Old y^'[||^|^-^^ 

HUNTRESS, ch. m. by Cherokee, dam [by Imp'd] Buzzard, &c. 

HUGO, ch.^a b^y Sir Charles, dam [by Imp'd] Chance, g. dam Celia by 
Symmes' Wildair^Lady Bohngbroke, d.c. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

HURRY'EM, [by Imp'd] Precipitate, dam Dixon's Pill Box^^^ ^.^^^^ 
HYDER ALLY, dap. gr. by Lindsay's Arabian, dam by Otheil(>-g. dam 

&ieT'mr' '"•" ''' """'' '' "" '' Marsh.!!. 

HYENA? br ni. by Young Wonder, (full brother of Nell Saunders) out of 

Rosy Clack, &c. „,,.,. u *;f n ^ 

HYPERION, by Diomede, dam Patsy Walthall by Medley, &c. 


ID10RA,b. m. [by /mp'rf] Citizen, dam by hnp'd Sea dam by 

l^^^TTft^^)^^"^ *^'""'^ ^'' Charles Shield., 

poaled, 18111. . . uj u^ 

INAUGURAL, b. c. by Arab, dam Jenny by Archduke. ^ ^ ^^^^ 

INDEPENDENCE, [6y /mf 'cQ Fearnought, dam Dolly Fine, by Old 
Silver Eye, ike. ^^j Hickman. 
ch. f by Pacolet, dam Fancy. ^ ^^^^^^^ 

^_JZ!!!bToid Potomac-l/m/Jj St. Paul-Imp'd Old D.omedfH- 

Mead's Old Pilgrim, dtc. 
.NDUSTRY, br. b. by Sir Archy' dam ^^.^^^ 

LNDIAN QUEEN, by Pilgrim dam, dam of Belleville, and g. dam of Sir 

William. ^ Wilkins. 

*Nn AN HFN bvOthelk), dam by Lloyd's Traveller, g. dam by Figure, 
fND.AN Hf;N,^by^;^^^f,;^;j ,y Mr". Crow of Philadelphia, and was fuU 

tister to Irish Grey, &c. Daffin. 

INDIANA, br. m. by Florizelle, dam by Thornton's Medley, g. dam \fl 
Crag|;'s Higl.flyer-Hall Union, Su,. ^^^^^ ^^^^ 

RIS, ch. f by Marplot, dam Nancj Dawson, &c. ^""^ ^ ^'''^'" 

1795. ' 

by Punch, dam Beane's Maria. 

gr f- by Sir Archy dam. 

Loudon, Va. 1830. 

-ch. f. by Sir William, dam Shepherdess. 

J. Lewis. 

^'J,7^ ^'"""''' """ "y"""^ ^"y ("^ Ken^Jcky.) out of . 

!^ ^R^^r 'F J';'^?;? "•."«'" P'""""* •>, Ben«ir, &c. ^"''- "'^'"'• 
iSABEXLA^[/^V] dk. br. f. by Trun.peler, d.m Demirip, sister to No- 

'^"^ ■■ „ K, o- . u J „. <^*" Jo""" McPherson. 
P- 5": ''y =" Afchy, dam Black Ghost I4y /mpVI Oscar. 
——*>■ f by Roanoake, dam Mexican. ' 

j^b. f. by Arab, dam Lady Bedford. ^^ ^'""'°^P^- 

IVANHOE; b. c. by Virginian, dam Jenny by Archduke. "'■ ^ •''"^"*'- 

JACK ANDREWS, r/m^'rf] b. h. fifteen and a half hands hfgh^byj^^ An- 

fl^^'sif^*^^ ■';*•' J'' :!?'" "y Highflyer-Cardinal Fuff-Ta . 
uet— Snip— Godolnhm Arabian. &c. Foaled, 1794. 
Charles City Cv. Va. i« _ ¥ • i ./• 

'*'''' Tom!^^*'^"^'^''' f'""-'"^ "y «'"«.•'''"' "y^ian&tjm, 

Foaled, 1753. 
JACK FROST, b. c. by Ranger, dam Betsy Bell. 

Rose Hill, 1799. tu nyr c 

JACK BULL, by Gabriel, dam Active by Chatam. "'""■ 

JAMES FITZJ AMES b. c. by TarilT. /am Noma. g. dam Udy Talman. 

(the dam Kate Kearney and Sussex.) n"«mn, 

K« «:, A u J ^"*- 1^' Taylor 

by Sir Archy dam. ^ 

JANE, b m. [hy Imp'd] Knowsley, dam ch. m. Selima. ^°""' 

AJbemarle, Va. w«i»«-r' i 

'*^E SHORE, b. m. by Sir Archy. dam Fair Rosamond. " '""•'■ 

'*'^^TuI,V/T^l'/d"mr'''''" "' "«hflyer,g, 5"i7s"^^R"gu 

„ '"'P'" ^38. ^ ' ■ ^ J. Hoomes 

—^ b. f. by Sir Archy. dam [by Imp'd] Citizen— Cormiutatioa, 

'''■^^'iSr^m-pnK^^"^' """ '' F.ori.l.eTrbTo. 

ditbn" &"/^* *" ^ Orphan Boy, dam oy Oscar— [/m;»V] Expr 
31 *"* 







'. : 


■ t 


1 'I t ^ 


J VNE GREY, gr. t by Old Slouch, dam Nancy Dawson. , . . , . 

* ^LowNDM, [by Imp'd] Driver, dam Modesty, g. d, Madge bf 

HalPs Union. . , . , , -,, j «.• i- /mj 

iANUS, {Imfd\ bl. h. fifteen hands one inch high, by Old Stirling—OW 
Cral)— Monkey— Baslo, <frc 

Foaled, 1754. ^ „ , .^"J; "^"^'1 

. . {lmp\l] ch. by Janus, dam by Fpx— Bald Galloway, &«. 

Died 177^80, aged 34. • n«««u 

Gloucester Cy. Va. ^ Mordecai Booth, 

-ch. h. by Sir Archy, dam Frenzy by Sans Culotte. 

— Young, b. (See Young Janus.) 
-b. c. by Spread Eagle, dam Broadnax. 

J. Randolph. 

,gQ2 Rich. Hoomcs. 

-Mare, ch. by Old ch. Janus, [Imp'd] dam by Dapple John oul 

of a full sister to Harlot by Janus. 
JKFF, br. c. by Stockholder, dam Maria Hill by Oscar. 

* ^ Nimrod Porter. 

JEFFERSON, br. h. by Virginian, dam Old Favourite by Bellair, &c. 
1825. J.J.Harrison. 

JENNY, by Archduke, dam \by Imp'd] Stirling, g. dam by Imp'd Obscuri- 
ty out of Miss Slamerkin. 

J ENNY CAMERON, by Lloyd's Traveller, dam Kitty Fisher. 

*-«c Wm. scott. 

L.[lnq)'d] was got by Cuddy, a son of Old Fox, by Miss RelW 

John Tayloc. 
-Dismal, [Imp'd] by Old Dismal, he by the Godolphin Ara- 

Col. Baylor. 


bian— her dain by Lord Godolphiu's Whitefoot, <fec. 
_Deans, ch. m. by Gracchus, dam Cornelia. 

Igie J- Randolph. 

L-Deans, br. b. by Virginian, dam by Bainbridge, g. dam by 

Joily Air, g. g dam by Why Not. &,c. 

W^ilmington, N. C. . ^ . , W. B. Mears. 

-DiTKB, by True Briton, dam Quaker Lass by Juniper, g. d. 

[Imp^d] Molly I'acolet, <fec. . , , „ ^. , x . 

-RiLAND, b. in. by Uoublehead, (he [by Imp'd] Diomede,) out 

of Tolly Medley—Mark Anthony, <fec. ,r r. , 

-VVi.NUFi.owf.R, ch. m. by Bernadotte, dain Kate Cole. 

-CocKRACv,ch. m. by Folomac, dam [by Imp'd] Saltram— 

Imp'd Wildair— Driver— Fearnought, &c. 

1814. Kentucky. ^ ^ ^A^*!;5^1?r 

JERRY, dap. gr. by Facolet, dam by Topgallant, g. dan. by Grey Medley, 

Xjf. Col. LUiott 

JESSICA^ b. m. by Shylock, dam [by Imp'd] Young Si Peter Teaalc, g 

dam Castianira, (dam of Sir Archy.) «... * j 

Rich. Adauii. 

JEZEBEL, ch. f by Bedford, dam Miss Chance, &^- T loes. 

jessamine:, br. f by Dockon, dam Virginia, (Coquette.) 

,324. J- Ferguson - 

: ET, bl. f by Bluster, dam Statira. 

1820. J. IVnd«»ph 

JEWESS, b. t. *uy Roanoake, dam Jesiic* 
MM f :RACK. (Set Gim Cnck.) 


JILT, gr. f by Ajax, dam Nancy Dawson. 1791 

JIM CARR, br. f. by Forester, dam Forest Maid. 

, ^^H\ ^ . Rich. I. Meade. 

JOAN, b. I by Roanoake, dam Grey Doll. 

JOHN BROWN, ch. by Sir Charles, dam Sally Brown. ' ^^"^^^^P*'- 
JOLLY FRIAR, by Garrick, dam descended from Gilinour's Milk Ma»d. 
<fec. ^ 

JOHN BULL, [Imp'd] ch. by Fortitude, dam Xantippeby Eclipse, r. dam 
Grecian Princess by Forester, A&c. r 1 o 

. b. m. by Gabriel, dam Active by Chatam, &c. 

N. B.— She was called John Bull by Gov. Wright, from his having 
exchanged a bull for her with Col. Lyles of Md 
JOHN DISMAL, ch. by Sober John, dam Jenny Dismal. 

-Richards, b. k. by Sir Archy, dam by Rattler, (by Shark 'i e. 

dam [by Imp'd] Medley— Wildair— Nonpareil, &c. 

Hancock, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Roanoka by Floriselle. 

^^23. John Randolph. 

Stanley, b. h. by Sir Hal, dam Ariadne \by Imp^d] Citizen 

fcc. Foaled, 1818. ^ ^ ^ ' 

Pennsylvania. Edw. Parker 

OK Roanoake, b. h. by Roanoake, dam Grand Dutchess. 

Randolph, b. c. by Rinaldo, dam Portia, dtc 1809. 

W, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Young Frenzy. 

1825. J, Randolijh 

JOLLY AIR, by Old Wildair, dam [bylmp'd] Flimnap— Brimmer— lum'd 

Valiant, &,c. ' ^ 

f I u 
JOLLY ROGER, [Imp'd] ch. called in England Roger ofihe VaU, got by 

Roundhead, (who was by Flying Childers,) the dam of Jolly Ro- 

ger got by Partner, his gr. dam by Woodcock— Croft's Bay Barb— 

Makeless, &uz. 

Foaled, 1741. IrnpM about 1748. 
i [lmp*d\ b. c. by the Gower Stallion, Miss Harvey by Car 

touch— Sophia by Godolphin Arabian. 


by Jolly Roger, dam by Dabster, g. dam Mary Grey. 

t^,.T . ,?"r"r ® ^®°' ^0"n^y» ^«- 1777. Edm. Ruffin, Jrni. 

JONAH, [Imp'd] b. h. by Escape, dam Lavinia by Herod— Snap— Cad^ 

Bloody Buttocks— Parlner—Makeless, &c. 

1796. Bush. 

JOSEPHINE, b. m. by Peace Maker, dam a full b«d Diomede mare, <fcc. 

. by Flying Dragon, dam by Hamiltonian— St. George— Kint 

Herod— Old Yorick, &c. 6 •« 

■ ch. by Bussora, dam by Sir Harry, g. dam by Obscurity, &c 

,^c.T^r.rwr,« . ^m. D. Taylor. 

JOSEPH US, ch. c. by Rob Roy, dam Flora by BalPg Floriielle. 

Loudon, Va. j. Lewis. 

JUBA, b. h. by Charlemaignc, dam a full bred Fearnought mare. 

1798. Thos. Hunt. 

JUBILEE, by Independence, by Quicksilver, [by Imp'd] Medley, 6lc, 
iULIA, gr. m by Spread Eagle, dam Calypso. 

1804. J. Tavioe. 

JULIET, ch. byMuttnomer, (he by Tom Tough,) dam \by Jmp'd] CHd 

BedfiMrd, g. dam by Bellair out of King's Kitty Fisher. 

VV. D. Taylor 





IIMIPI^'R rGcoree's^ \lmp'd\ b. I>. fifteen hahds one inch high, by Bab • 
Lm,Wwal bTco^^ Arabian,) clam Aurora by Stamford 

Turk, &c. Robert Harrison. 

_._2I:!!lll^L%v 5"."^ Juniper, d- TasUer's 
JUN.UrMcVa^:>sJVo\k,H.. byOU^^^^^^^^ by MonUey.o.uo, 

.UNO.^rr^fc';!;^^^^^^^^^^ by W«Kes. Wonde. ^.^_^^^ 

JUPlTrnTbTby'Snoted Janus, bred by Cap.. Bell of Sussex 
remarkable for swiftness, &c. J. Mason. 

l_b. c. by Florizelle, dara Circe. 

J USTICM/rnp'cf] ch. h. fifteen hands high, got by Regulus out of the Bol 
ton Sweepstakes, &c. 
Prince George Cy. 1761. 


KATE, by Sir Alfred, dam Hurry'em. ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

KATYDID [by Imp^d} Expedition, dam Imj/d Sourkrout, g. dam Match- 
less bv Gen. White's Imp^^dSk^^^^^^^ Bucephalu^Celer- 

KATE COLE, c m. by Badger s Hickory, aam uy ^ i 

Fearnought, &c. q I^jn., 
Pennsylvania, 1811. gj^ ^^ ^^ 
Kearney, b. f. by Sir Archy, aam i^auy m. j ^^^ Wynne. 

KILL il^IL. (late Aja.,) b. h. by Dare Devil, dam AialanU by Old 
Medley. j. Tayloe. 

KING HEROD, (Wormley's) b. h. by Baylor'. Feamoughn dam [6y /m/<q 
Othello out of Imp'd Kilty Fisher. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

Jersey, 1777, , rr ir 

^'Z'\)n^X^^^C\^^-^\'^l^- Prince of Wales, Rock- 

r„L' am-'^d.- Wo' S Ecllps;, g. g. d«n Fidget by S,«ctator. 


Prince Geo. Maryland, 1817. 
KITTY, b. m. [fiy /m/<i] Wl.ip, dam Queen of May. ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ 

^ ITTY nSHER, [/mpWl gr. m. by Cade, dan, by the Cullen Arabian o.H 
of the famous mare Bald Charlotte. ^^^^^ Braxton. 

__2!^by Lindsay'. Arabian, dam [4y /mp'd] Oscar, Imp'd Vam- 
.__f:!ll"[i,wW Sr.'dam byYmp'd V^npir. on. of Imp'd K,t„ 
Fisher, iiX.. j„(,n Thorntor. 

"*^" th„ rmv'd] Alderman, dam Hoskins' Kitty Fisher. 

Jri'oskiW) by', dam [ty /mp'J], fr 

.f!:!!^:"^^'^!^!:!^; dam by Baylor'. Fear.K.u.1^ ^^^^^^^ 


KITTY FISHER b. by Tilled Bedford, (by Old Bedford,) dam by Ota 
Bedford— Boxer— Claudius— Mexican, &.C. 

KITTY CLOVER, b. m. by Tom Tough, dam by Archd^ki^terlTng- 
Kmg Herod, »fec. * 

n .,...„ Enoch Mason. 
Cix)yER, N.m. by American Eclipse, dam r6y Imp'd] Light Infao- 

frv. ffihA TS halt ciotav ♦«, C:> T -« II k •■ .^ T j "© •..«■»•,- 

try, (she is half sister to Sir Lovell.) 
New- York, 1825. ' 

-Cix)VEH, by Eclipse, dam Lady Bedford. 

M. Beach. 

N. C. J W JefTries. 
Clovee, ch. m. by Twrk, (he by Expedition,) dam by Oscar. 

^Medlet, gr. m. [6y Imp'd] Medley, dam Hoskin's KiuTFislI^?, 6iC 

r> rr »ji L w • «, ,. John Hoskms. 

Bull, [Imp d] by John Bull, dam Lord Grosvenor's Isabella bf 

Eclipse. ^ 

KITTY FOX, by Fox, (a son of [Imp'd] Venetian,) dam by McCarthy't 

Rug8EL^ b. m. by Sir Peter (Hoskins*,) dam {by Imp'd] Bed 
ford, dtc. •• ^ - 

King William Cy. Va. Thomas rjirt«r 

KNOWSLE V, Ump'dft^. h. by Sir Peter Tearie, dam CapiST by He»^ 
Regulus— Crab— Snake, (fee. 

irnriT fi^^^u'x\^' .^.^!^^P'y ^^' ^*' ^^^' ^m. Lightfoot. 

KOUL KAHN, [Imp^d] b. h. by the Vernon Arabian, his dam Rosemary 

by Blossom, her dam by Ancaster Starling out of Look at me Udi 
by Grasshopper. Foaled, 1772 
N. B. Theabc 

^Ump'd] ^ _^ 

KouU Kahn— Jigg— Clurwin's bay Barb^urwiii's SpoL 6lc. 

WtV^^^^^.- . 'col. Baylor. 

IN. b. The above pedigree given by Mr. R. N. Edgar. 

— — — -— -b. h. by Lloyd's Traveller, dam Tasker'g Fatima. 

Foaled, 1777. 
KOSCIUSKO, by Sir Archy, dam Lottery by [/mpV] Bedford. 

LADY ADAMS, ch. f. by Whipster, dam by Buxeard. 

•^^^^A.NAi gt. t by Sir Archy, dam Pandora by Wryht's SUm 

B. The above pedigree is furnished by Mr. Pfeter of Georgetown. 
—{Jmp'd]b. h. Pearson's Partner, dam by Lord Lonsdale'i 

AMELIA, ch. nri.r6y Imp'd] Magic, dam by Republican PresidenL 
g. dara by imp»d Figure, (fee. ^ 

Isaac DucketL. 

ALFRED, b. m. by Old Sir Alfred, dam [by Imp'd] Wonder, Thuu- 

derclap, full brother to Old Chanticleer by WUdair. 

-AUDLEY, by Tariff, dam Ethiopia by Tayloe's Bedford.*"™ 

-BOLINGBROKE, by Pantaloon dam, dam of Kiog"lI^^Y' wm 
Primrose by Dove, (a Son of Cade.) 

n rt • »« . , . « ^1* Selden. 

-KuLL [Imp'd] by John Bull, dam by Pumpkin— Fieacatcher—Squir 

Foaled^l796. John Hoome. 



LADY BVG, b. t)y Young Florizelle, dam by Jack Andrews-Driver-High 
%«'» ^^' Wm. D. Taylor. 

Burton bv Sir Archy, dam Sultana : she was out of the mare got by 

Kr^e sen! ata prisent by the Bey of Tunis to Thos^-|«ff--- 

Bt!f,oRD \by Imfd] Bedford, dam by imoM Dare De>nl-Mercury 

-Ai^Ucdlolly Rogir. (See also ikdforcTmare) foaled, 1810^^ 

BuNBLRT Ump'd\ b. m. by Trumpeter, dam Theopha, (sister to Old 

' Tut) i^ ttei-Plaything by ^atchenv-Vixeu by f^^^^^ 

BuRl^E^Lif^l^ Silver Heels, dam (Sterne's Maria) by ' Major Gibbrf 

^arlo. (b^ it^pM carlo,) g. dam by R^ ^s Cmcm^^^ 

Chesterfield, by Old Diomede, dam Lady Bolingbroke.^ ^^^^^^ 

Culpepper, ^h. m. by Carolinian, dam full sister of Detiance and Re 

]^JS«» ^*^ H. G. S. Key. 

-Dudley, by First Consul, dam Edelin's Floretta. ^^^^^^ ^,^^ 

-?ir ^ «^- "{«l 7^ '"^'"^ ''"^'"' ''" "'"' "' ^'''"waiter Coles. 
Albemarle, 1817. „■ ■ ■ c~.».i 

-Essex, ch. f by Grey Diomede, dam Virgmm Sorrel. ^ ^^^^^ 

.Fu«T, ch. m. by Hickory, dam by Duioc ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

-Firtn, b. m. by Sir Arehy, dam by Diomede. ^^ ^^^^^ 

G \'lmr'd\ (Magician's dam,) bred by Sir Thos. ^a^oiefveo.' ^l 

HamWetoiian, Golden Locks by Delphine, V.olet by Shark, Quick i 

Charlotte by Blank, Crab, &c ^^^^ Y^^„Ao\y.\^. 

— ..-S«EM/mV'^y Gohanna, dam by Grey Skin-Woo<lpecker-He 
rod— Young Hag by Skim, &c. 

— -S°.*T,''by Robin Gray, dam b, Melzar-g. dam {by Imfd] Highlly 
er — Fearnought, Atc. t. «. u 
-Jane Gray, b. f. by Kosciusko, dam by B'g Ben. 
/^RriTNsviLLE bv Conqueror, dam by Batt's Diomede. 

—--GRA^LLrb m^^^^ l^^lPylmfd] Bryan OXynn- 

True Blue^eler--6ld Partner, d.c. ^^ ^^^^^ 

Oxford, W. C lo-fc'. y^ r^- A^ 
H*., by Sir Hal, dan. Beaut, by D.omede. ^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

h!7«ison; [ky Imfd] Spread Eagle, dam by impM Herod, g. dam 

tt'^'n;'T,?1if Afth"ur:'fhetvSir Archy.) dam Be. Bounce^ 
"«, 1^ W) Ob«urity: dam Moll, by Grey Figure out of U- 
Old Slamerkin mare. 

«*"r^ "L^'r^n • *""" """' J. B. Richardson. 

N. Carolma, loll. . , i, jr i 

Jane, b. f by Shylock, dam Dutcness by Bedford^^^^^ Alexander 

-jfcwoN, ch. m. by American Eclipse, dam Lady of the Lake. 
-^AwK Bull, \by Imp'd] Gabriel, dam Active by Chatam. 



LADY LA GRANGE, ch. f by Sir Archy, dam [6v Imp'd] Dru'^cn e dam 

by imp'd Medley— Mark Anthony, (fee. j c, i b 

Laurenceville Va. r. k. Meade. 
LioHTFOOT, (Marta,) dk. br. m. by Sir Archy, dam Black Maria b? 

Shark, &,c. - ^ 

' Foaled, 1812. j rj, 

>F the Lake, b. m. by Kosciueko, dam by Bedford— g. dam Mellig- 

sant by Arion— Obscurity— Valiant, &c. 

S. Carolina. Foaled, 1814. B. F. Taylor 

^w the Lake, b. m. [by Imp'd] Sir Harry, dam by impM Diomede^ 

imp'n St. George— imp'd Fearnought, &c. 
^F THE Lake, by Hickory, dam Maid of the Oaks. 
— Leogs, [by Imp*d] Centiiiel, dam by Spadille. 
Mar, gr. m. by a thorough bred son of Badger's Hickory, dam by 

Mark Anthony— imp'd Dove— iinp'd Lath, &c. 

1818. c. Irvine. 
^Mart, gr. f by Henry, dam Miller's Maid. 

** .. T, . C. W. Van Ranst. 

Mary, by Bussora, dam Black Maria by Am. Eclipse. 

or THE NKCK,gr. m. [by Imp'd] Merryfield, dam by imp'd Wonder— 

Bellair— Old Medley, &c. 

Thomas Doswell. 

Northumberland, Uynp'd] by Northumberland, dam by Shakspeare 

—Regulus— Parkers Snip— Old Partner, &c. 

„ ^ , . _ John Tayloc. 

Richmond, b. f. by Ball's Florizelle, dam by Diomede, g. dam Al 

derman mare, &,c. 

o »^ .^ r« .«. , ^- Wickham. 
Roland, b. by Tariff, dam by Florizelle— Bedford, <fec. 

.. o. ^. T. Doswell. 

Racket, by Sir Charles^ dam by Ball's Florizelle, g. dam by Melzar. 

Relief, ch. f by Am. Eclipse, dam Maria Slamerkin. 

N. J. 1827. Dr. E. A. Darcy. 

Randolph, by Sir Archy, dam [by Imp^d] Druid— Symmes' Wil- 

dair— Americus, &c. 

Sterling, b. m. by Herod, dam [by Imp'd] Sterling, g. dam byKini 

Herod— Lindsay's Ranger, &c. 

Wm. D. Taylor 
— SuMNEB, b. f. by Shawnee, dam by Sir Archy. 

^ Wm. M. West 

Talmaw, by Sir Harry, dam by Bedford. 

J. A. Selden. 
ToNsoN, by (Elliott's) Topgallant, (he by Gallatin,) dam by B.'irry'i 

Medley, (by Old Medley,) g. d. Dr. Rany's mare. 

Willis, by Janus, dam by Jolly Roger, g. dam [by Imp'd] Shark. 

LABURNUM, by Lath, dam by Jolly Roger, g. dam imp'd by Cart« 

-iAFAYETTE, b. h. by Conqueror, dam Julia, g. dam by Florizelle^Bei 

lair— Pegasus, 6lc. 

Tennessee. H. Davis, 

-b. c. by Virginian, dam by Sir Archy, g. dam oy Sir Hairy 

Chanticleer— Mead's Old Celer, dic 

-ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam Virginia, (Coquette ) 

J..M. Bottfr. 

, J. Ferguson 

AHARA, dap. gr. by Thornton's Rattler, dam by Winter's Arabian, g 
dam Ale.xandr a by Alexander. <Lc. C. Andrews 





i ! 

V ■ 

LALLA ROOKH. by H.ndel. dam Philli. by Old Topgaltant ^^^^^^^ 
LAMBALLE. cb. f. by Kosciusko, dam P.yche by S-j|;««J|»'«„t: 
LAMPUGHTER ""h. by Hart', [/mpV] Medley, dam by Un«l.le c. 

of Kitty Fisher, &c. p^ Thilman. 

HanoverCourt House, 1801- . „ ,. 
r AKPP h h full brotlier to Eriel by Am. IU51ip«e- . 

LASS OfVhE MILL, gr. f by Spread Eagle, dam Arammda. ^^^ 

LAST CHANCE, ch. f by Sir Arcby, dam Lady Bunbury.^ ^^^^^^^^ 

I ATH f/mp'^ b. fifteen hands one inch high ; ^ied in 1763 ; Imp'd m 
^ i76^^^1 got by Shepherd's Crab, dam by Old Lath, g. dam by Fly- 
ing ChilderV-Makeles^TaflFolel Barb, &c. peiancey. 

LAUREL, b. h. by Old Fearnough^ dam by the sam^, g. dam a fine blood- 

cd mare, &c. q^ Baylor. 

LAURA?gr. I by Grey Diomede, dam Polly Peach .ai. ^ ^^^^^ 

LAVENDER GIRL, b. t by Henry, dam Ophelm by Little Medley, &A 

LAVINIA, by Diomede, dam Lady Bolingbrokt. ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

LAWRENCE, br. by Sir Archy, dam [by Irryd] Sir Harry-Chanlicteei- 
Mead's Celer—Lee's Mark Anthony, fcc M«..«t 

LAZARUs'by £l 'pse, dam an Imp'd mare, he stood many years at Mount 
Gallant and left some valn&ible stock. n^..^* ni.rp 

LEE BOO, br b. by Cragg's HighByer, dam Captain Jame. Bett, mare, 

'»!:*Th^^!Im'''°°''' Osbon. Sprigg.. , 

LEONlDAS^tVs^Archy.damV.e [6y /.p-fl J^ 
by J. G. Green, and sold to J. M. Bolts. 

'b/LWxmvell.,, .%m by MorU,n'. TniveUer. out o. 

Tasker's Selima, &c. j p j.„8tifc 

LEOcISfA? br"": m. by Virg-i.. ^ dam Udy Jan. by Potomac, g. dam 

LEOpcS^tcL*";*' "ci^'«'» OH*-. <'••» ^'^^^ t'y "^'"^ "^fZ: , 

LEATHER STOCKINGS, cb. h. by Rob Roy, dam Cora by Brown'i 
Godolphin. _^_ p^^f, 

.£TIT?A?^*';::%'*WH.p d.m by Bu^ard, g. dam by Grey D.omed^ 
^c. E M B 

_J!!!fSy ^^vxtTdt'n by Elegant, (he [6y Imp^d] Fearnought,)' g 
dam by BelUir-Wildair, &c. ^ ^ gj^^,^,^ 

rvv THAN T/mp^rCfirst called Mazereon^ ch. got by Muley out of a 
"^ ^wfndle ;ia;:^%^^ dam by Anvil out of (irago ^y Sna,>-Mu^^^^^^^ 

Orville, and he by Benningbrough, and he by King h ergus out ol 

Herod mare. 

Foaled, 1823 ImpM to Alabama 

LEXINGTON, b. li. by Symmes* Wildair, dam by Lonsdale, g. daro jf 

Jolly Roger, &,c. 

1800. Andrew Wood ev. 

LIBERTY, by Sharp's Othello, dam by George's Juniper. 

Maryland. Charles B.Hglev. 

• — by Burweirs Emperor, dam by Zane*s Ranger, g. dam by MaA 

Anthony, 6lc. 

^ ^^^' ^ John Brownly. 

JGHT INFANTRY, [fmp'd] by Eclipse, dam by Feather, g. aam by 

Childers, g. g. dam Widdrington mare, she by Old Partner. 
LINDSAY'S ARABIAN. (See Arabian Lindsay's.) 
LINNET, by Trafalgar, dam Humming Bird by Tom Tough. 

Messrs. Corbins. 
LIONELLA, b. m. by Coeur de Lion out of the dam of Cinderella. 
LITTLE DAVID, [6y Imp'd] Childers, dam Jenny Cameron. 

T> . ^, . » J- Tayloe. 

• BiLLT, by Florizelle, dam by Celer. 

„ , W. R. Johnson. 

Juniper. (See Juniper Little.) 

J.\M£8, full brother to Garrick by Celer. 

Medley, [by Imp'd] Medley, dam Kilty Fisher by Lindsay's Ara* 

LIVELY, b. m. by American Eclipse, dam Haynes' Maria [by Tmp^d] Dio 

mede, g. dam Lively by Lively— Wild Goose by Selim, &c. 

New Jersey. Henrj' De GrooU 

LOCHINVAR, b. c. by Oscar, dam Virago by Shark. 

1810- J. Tayloe. 

LONSDALE, by Jolly Roger, dam a bay mare Imp'd., she by Monkey— 
Lonsdale's Bay Arabian, 6u:, 

John Byrd. 
gr. h. by Page's Young Medley, dam Marianna by Telema- 

F. B. Whiting. 

chus, &Ai. 

LORENZO, by Telemachus, dam by Raymond. 
LOGAN, a Mahogany bay, by Sir Archy, out of fbe dam of Lafayette b? 

LOGANIA, [by impact] Medley, dam by Fearnought 
LOTTERY, ch. £ by Bedford, dam Anvelina. 


LOUISA, b. m. by Eclipse, dam Vanity by Celer— Mark Anthony— Silvei 

Eye, &c. 

1789. J Tayloe. 

LOUISl ANA, b. £ by Old RatUer, dam Desdemona. 

.r..rr.}f^' E. G. W. Buller. 

LOVELY LASS, b. f. by Timoleon, dam Lady Alfred by Old Sir Archy 

I'^y?,^'^^^» ^y J^^ying Childers out of an Imp'd mare by Bosphorus. 
LUBLY ROSA, b. £ by Sir Archy, dam Equa. 

1830. P. WallJs 

LUCIFER, [by In^'d] Dare Devil, dam by Bellair— Imp'd Medley— L<»«» 

dale, (fee 
LUCY, by Young Sir Alfred, dam Nancy by Florijtelle. 

^ W. Coles. 
LocKETT, a £ by Roanoake, dam young Minikin. 

J«23. J. Randolpo 
LocKETT, by Bellair, dam Old Selima by Morton's Travellci -•>h* 

lo, Slc 






LUCV G WYNN, b. m. by Sir Charles, dam by Sir Harry-Bed forct-Dtr 

Devil— Wildair, &c. j^^^^^ Tayloe^ 
Grft, b. f. by Washington, dam Betsy Hunter. ^ Townes. 

LliDEE^gr^f. by Old Slouch, dam Nancy Dawson. 

1798. ^^ , 

H'RCHER, [by Imp' d] Bedford. 
L\ CUKGUS, a son of Morion's Traveller. ^^. „^^,g„„ 

I I 7ROROUGH llmp'd] b. h. by Williamson's Luzborough, (a son of Si« 
^(erTeJeT^^^^ danf was by Dungaunon, (a son of Ecl.p^. 
[uzboToi^h^^^^^^ was out of a Dick Amirewsmare sem to Fn^.^.e 
l::^'r^| Wh^Rey out of Eleanor, ^.c. g. g. dam by D.ome^^^^^^^^ 
Greensville. tlmpM 18J2.) 

J. Hoomes. 


MAiJ, b. f. by Archduke, dam Fairy by Bedford. 

MABEL, dk. b. f. by Sir James, dam Meg Merrilies. ^^.^ ^^^^^^ 

MACBETH, bl. b. by Sir Aichy, dam by Shylock, g. dam I^%B^«°;;; 
MACElgtANAby Roa-ake. dam S.a.ira by Alexander 0,e^G«at. 
MACAW, i). f. by Roanoake, dam Paroquet, &c. ^ R„,doi„,,. 

MADCAP r/mpV) b. m. byAnville-0'KellyVMadcapbyEclip!»-l5lanV 
""^ -BlizZGVeyhound-Curwen's Bay Barb, i^. 1 W- 

Trained not successfully. • J • 

M \DISON, by Diomede, dam Priestley by Chanticleer. 

by Medley, Ac. j j Ambler. 

Mxrwfimv'd} ch h. (sold for |4000,) by Volunteer, dam Mareella by 
^ MimZniiMedik^^ Sweetbrier-Angelica by Snap-Regulus, 

Prince George Cy. Mar>land. 
MAGOG, by Chanticleer, dam Camilla by Wildair. ^ ^ Harrison. 

MAGNETIC NEEDLE, [Itnp'd] b. by Magnet, he by Herod, his dam sisiet 
to the dam of Eusophroyne, sie by Sweetbner, h.s g. dam Parity 
by Matchcm, 6lc. Foaled, 1787. 

MAGGY Lru"bER,T6J%'aniilton's [Imfd] Figure, dam by Imp'd 

MAGNOLW-lrby'LXsfcr, (Arabian,) da.n by Othello by 
CmbVher dam by Morton's Traveller, an.. dam was Sehma b, 
GodolDhii. Arabian, &c. ^^^^ Washington. 

MAGNuL" ch. h. by Am. Eclipse, dam by Oscar, (by Diomede,) g. da» 
bv Picture (by ImpM Shark,) Sweet Larry, fcc. 

MAID oV ALL WbRK,'b. f. by Stirling, dam [Jmp'd] Hackaboj.t, ^&^ 

. . ™ Fc^'Sr, br. m. by Young Hickory, dam by 01^ Han.l.t 

MAID OF THE FOREST, gr. £ by Winter Arabian, dam Young Bumid 

mare by Hamlintonian, &c. 

ow LoDi, by Virginian, dam by Potomac. 
OF THF. Mill, by Old Hickory, dam by Young Shaik, g. dam Mdtoi 

Biddle's mare. 


Northampton, [by Imp'dJ Clifden, dam Jane Lowndes. 
Oakland, [by Imp'd] Stirling, dam by Hairs Eclipse, 

Young Lbony, (fee. 

-ofOrangf, by Hanbletonian, (by Dungannon,) dam by Dr. Tiiom 

ton's Driver, g. i\rd\n full sister to Nantoaka by Hall's Eclipse. 

^ , „ _ James Madison. 

-OF THE Oaks, by Spread Eagle, dam [hy fmp'd] Shark, g. dam bj 

Rockingham, g. g. dam by Gallant— True Blue, &,c. 

Fredericksburg, Va Lewis Willis. 

-OF Corinth, b. m. by Virginian, dam by Sir Archy—Quick Step— 

Americus — Aristotle, <fec. 
-OF Patuxfnt, [hy Inip\i] Magic, dam Kitty Fox. 

-OF Wak.saw, by Gohauna, dam Chestnut mare by Trafalgar, g. dam 


King William Cy Va. 18.S1. Lewis Hill. 
MALVINA, j>r. m. by Stirling, dam Calypso. J. Tayloe. 
[by Imp'd] Precipitate, dam by Dungannon, Mark Anthony, 

^^- Major Bavly. 

MALCOLM, b. by Sir Charles, dam by Sir Alfred— Hoomes' Tom tough 

— hnp'd Spread Eagle, &C 

MAMELUKE, br. b. by Bagdad Arabian, dam Depro by Bay Baronet— 

tlmp\l] Crop, &c 
, Jo-^ton. Edw. Elridge 

M AMBRINO, dk. c. by American Eclipse, dam Grand Dutchess. 

Delaware Cy. Pa 1830. Humphrey Hill. 

MANFRED, [Imp'd] b. foaled 1796, by Woodpecker, cam by Mercury, fl. 
dam by Highflyer, &c. (Died.) "^ * 

-, , _,^__ _ J. Hoomes. 

MARCELLA, b. f by Roanoake, dam [Imp'd] Philadelphia. 

1823. J. Randolph. 

MARCELLUS, (foruierly Red Rover,) ch. h. by Sir Charles, dam Shep. 

herdess by Phenomenon, &,c. 

..,_,-. --„ , , Rich. Adams. 

MARIANNA, ch m. by Telemachus, dam by Wild Medley, g. dam by 

Young Fearnought, &c. 
MARCIA, gr. m. by Archduke, dam Celerima by Celer. 

1810. J Tayloe 

MARIA ANTOINETTE, g. f by Andrew, (by Sir Andrew,) dam by Wi 

ley's Marok, g. dam by Old Gallatin— [/m^i'^q Medley, &c. 

Georgia. Foaled, 1831. C. A. Redd. 

• -• Fontaine, by Superior, dam by Tom Tough— Perto— Camden - 

Brilliant, &ic. 

W. D. Turlor. 

Hill, b. m. by Oscar, (by Wilkes' Wonder,) dam [by Imp'd] Cit% 

*en out of a Fearnought mare by Regulus, 6lc. 

^lmtod Portoi 
Macklin, b. m. bv Sir Archy, dam by Bellair. 

Bellfield, Va. Henry Macklin 

• Ari;hv, b. f. by Old Sir Archy, dam [by Imp'd] Diomede^ -Old Giii 

crack, (alias Randolph's Roan.) 

Buckingham Va. 1816. Isaac Ciud 



If ARTA LOL'I^A, by Pacolet, dam Letitia by Truxton— Gallatin, &.c, 

Tennessee. ^ _. ^ ^ ^' r / ' »^ 
Slamf.rkin, ch m. by Bond^s First Consul, dam by Paragon, [/m;>rf] 

Niw'iit'y. l>r E. A. Darcy. 

MAGGY SLAMERKIN, (Old) [fey Imp'd] Wildair, dam Delancey»s Ctb 
mare. (Wildair and Cub mare were ImpM together.) 

Col. Delancey. 

MARIA, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam Forlorn Hope. 

Sild E. Parker, Pa. ^ ,. H. Macklm. 

. Bl\ck. (See Black Maria by American Eclipse, ditto by Shark ) 

''Y Diomede, dam by Bellair. 
Tennessee. ^- Haynes. 

. b. f. by Monsieur Tonson, dam Eliza by Tiinoleon. 

North Carolina, 1829. J- ^ Jeffries. 

bv Bav Yankee, dam Green's Old Celer mare. 

•^ -^ W. R. Johnson. 

by Clockfast, dam Maria [hy Imp'J] Regulus. 

— — gr. m. by Pacolet, dam by Truxlon. 

—Burwf.ll's, [fey Imp'd] Regulus siie by Godolphm Arabian. 

. by Punch, dam _, „ 

•' B. Beans. 

_- — by Gallatin, dam ^^ ^, ,, 

Georgia. . "T" 1^^?.^"^'; 

-bv Walnut, dam by a Grey Diomede horse, g. dam by Medley, &c 

MARGARET, by Virginian, dam Hurry'em. 
M4RPLOTMARE, by Marplot, dam Betsy Baker. 
MARTANZA, ch. f. by Sir Arthur, dam Amazonia by Tecumseh, &c. 
MARY GREY, g. m. by Arnie's Sir Archy, dam by Old Bellair— Shark— 
Aristotle, &,c. _ . ^. ^ 

Alabama. ^ o^ ,- k d I a 
g. f. fhy IiPfJ] Messenger, dam Tulip by Ranger, ojr Lind- 
say's White Arabian. .. . . .^ o r. 

-(or Sai'fho,) [Imp'd] b. ni. by Ruler, dam by Sampson— Re- 

gulus — Greyhound mate, &.c. 
Foaled 1792. 
King, g. m. by Muckle John, dam by Quicksilver, and he by Imp'd 

Georiria, 1825. Charles A. Redd. 

MARY, b. f. by Coeur de Lion, dam Fanny Foster, &.c. 1809. 

ch. f. by Sir Archy, dam by Francisco. 

■^ Wm. Minge. 

-ELDRinGE, ir. gr. by Napoleon 2d, dam by Pacolet, g. dam [fey hnp\l\ 
Sir Harry—lmp'd Dare Devil— Rett and Macklin's Fearnought, <S^c 
Pulaski Tenn. ^'^o. A. Glover. 

-OK Clovrrdale, by Doubtless, dam Potomac, g dam by Obscurity, 

-Jane, b. f by Bertrand, dam by Arrakooker. 
-MoRKTON, ch. f. by Cook's Rovalist, dam Mary by Coeur de Lion. 
-Robinson, b. m. by Sir Archy out of the Imp'd Pot8os mare, &c. 
Lancaster, Pa. E- Parl^®' 

-Randolph, by Gohanna dam. 

MARIGOLD, ch. m. bv Tom Tough, dam Hoskins' Sir Peter, g. dam f/'| 
Imp'd] Beoford-^Imp'd Dare Devil— Symmes' Wilrtair, Sir.. 

MARION, by Old Sir Archy, daai by Citizen— Alderman— Roebuck— (n>l 
of a Herod mare 
HaJifax, N C. i»30. «• ^ • ^>'Ht 



MAKir/S, bv SeHm, dam [Imp'd.] 

MARK TIME, b. by Ar. Bagdad, dam [hy Imp'd] Spread Eade— Quick 
silver, (by Hart's Medley,) &c. o '^ «. 

MARK ANTHONY, [ImpH] by Spectator, dam Rachel by Bland— Re£u. 
lus— Soreheels— Makeless— Dr. Arcy's royal mare. &c. 
Foaled, 1767. Stood in Virginia. 

-dk^b. bv Old Partner, dam [Imp'd] Septima by Othello, &a 
line Cy. Va. 1771. L. Hardymaii. 

Caroline^y. va. i77i. LHaidyman 
——(Randolph's,; bro. h. by Sir Archy, dam Roanoake. 

MARLBOROUGH, by Thornton's Rattler, dam Young Red Eyef g.^^iun 

ffey Imp'd] Bedford— imp'd Gasteria, &c. J » 6 »"« 

MARMALUKE, b. f [fey Imp'd] Venetian, damMagg Lauder. 

Rose Hill, Maryland. Thos A PnmrrHim 

MARSKE, (or Mask, ) by Shark, dam [Imfd\ Virago. ' '•^'^^n- 

Orange Cy^Va. 179a Robert Young. 

by Diomede, dam by Medley. 

Charlotte Cv. Va. 1808. Charles Wyllie. 
by Marske, (by Diomede,) Hart's Old Medley thorough bred 

mare, &c ° 

MARSHAL NEY, dap. gr. by Pacolet, dam Virginia by DareDevil. 
MARMION, by Virginian, dam by Sir Archy— (Jotton's Phenomenon, (ha 

ffey Imp'd] ResUess)— Whirligig by imp'd Whirligig, &c. 

MARYLAND ECLIPSE, (See Eclipse Maryland.) 
MARYLANDER, by (Wynnes') Rattler, dam sister to Sir Archy, on the 

dam's side by Tayloe's Topgallant, «fcc. 

MARSHAL, by Spread Eagle, dam Virginia Nell. 

-^- DuRoc, by Old Duroc, dam Maid of the Oaks. 

Net, by Am. Eclipse, dam Diana by First Consul. 

X, A Dc^*''?".! ^^'•y'and, 1828. Samuel Hollingsworth. 

MARS, r. h. by Mountaineer, dam Camilla by Peace Maker, &c. 

Albemarle, 1829. Walter CnliHL 

MARTHA JEFP^ERSON, b. f. by Sir Archy, dam [by Imp'd] B.IzMrcL 

imp'd Symmetry, &c. ^ ^ r ^ -, 

MATILDA, g. m. [by Imp'd] Jonah, dam by Grey Diomede, Whistta 
Jacket, &x. 

^^1^- K u o. A t. . D- W- Sumner. 

• b. m. by Sir Archy, dam [Imp'd] Dutchess. 

^ r> ^ u *» . G. H. Burwell. 

:; r^^i-*' P'J °^ Marion, dam ParaUel by Virginian, Pacolet'i 

dam [fey /m/j'tin Medley, dtc. 

MATCHEM, ch. c. by Janui, dam Amy Robsart. 

by Dion, dam [Imp'd] Favourite. 

M\'r/-iif c^c?ci II r .1, John Hoome«, 

AlCMLLSS, ['»y Imp'd] Slender, dam Fair American by Lloyd's Tr« 

veller, g. dam Old Slamerkin by Wildair. 

-b. h. by Old Fearnought, dam by Sober John— Dabster, &,c. 

Carohiie Cy. Va. 1777. Robt. Taliaffera. 

iTv -rr^.r/^. "?'"'""'''' ^^y '"^P'"^^ Diomede, dam 

>i \ lUl'CA, b. m. by Combination, dam by Multum in Parvo, c. dairi b^ 
Oi-een's Potomac, &,c. 

J. Randolph. 


lMerican stud book. 



MARY DACRE, bl. f [by Imp'd] Valentine, dam Wright's Selima. 

MAY day; by Sir Aixhy, dam Eliza Adams. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

.. b. c. by Virginian, dam by Florizelle. 

•' J. K. Vanmetcr. 

MEDLEY, [Imp'd] gr. h. by Gimcrack, he by Cripple, &c. dam of Medtej 
was Arminda by Snap, &c. Foaled, 1776. u u . 

Hanover Court House, Va. 1785. Malcomb Hart 

gr. c. by Sir Hal, dam Old Reality. „, „ , ^ 

1324. ^ "^ W. R. Johnson. 

h c. by Bedford, dam Hebe by Dare Devil. 

Parish, Coleman <fe Hoomes. 

Mare bred by J. Hoom«s, foaled [6y Imp'd] Medley, dam by 

Bolton— Fearnought— Trisuam Shandy out of a Sober John mare, 

. —Mare, ch. by Am. Eclipse, dam Clio by Sir Archy. 

C. W. Van Ranst 

gr. c. by Polafox, dam Miss Bailey [by Imp'd] Boaster. 

Natchez. Chambers. 

Chance, (See Chance Medley.) 

-FiTz, (See Fitz Medley.) ^ . „ «, . 

-Grky, by Hart's [Imp'd] Medley, dam by Black and All Black 

-Bay Bolton— Old Partner— Old Fearnought, &c. 

N. Carolina, 1795-6. . ,, . . u »^- ^'"'»"^«-, . 

(Jones') by Old Medley, dam by Mark Anthony— Fearnought 

Janus — Jolly Roger, &,c. . ,, .- , 

(Thornton's) [by Imp^d] Punch, dam Helen by imp'd Med- 

lev &.C 

(Thompson's,) [by Imp'd] Medley, dam by imp'd Aristotle, g. 

dam by Fearnought, &c. 

Stood in Scott Cy. Kentucky, 1803. ^ ei j 

Wild, by Old Medley, dam Wildair, g. dam Shandy, g. g. 

dam Sportley by Old Janus, &c. 

-Young, (See Young Me.lley,) (two.) 

MEDORA, ch. f. by Rattler, d'am Sportmistress by Old Hickory, out of 

Miller's Damsel, <fec. « i r^ i 

Butler Coles. 

MEAD'S ORACLE, (See Oracle Mead's.) ,^ n. «• 

MEG DODDS, br. m. by Sir Archy, dam Black Ghost [by Imp d] Oscar, 

N^nsimond, Va. , , ^ ^^ ^. /• G- Green. 

MEG MKRRILIES, b. m. by Trafalgar, ([by Imp'd] Mufti,) dam by imp d 
Dragon— Lamplighter— Highflyer— Escape, <fec. . „ , , 

Loudon, Va. ^ ^ Lewis Berkley. 

MEG OF WAPPING, b. f. by Bedford, dam [Imp'J] Alexandria. 

MELE MELE, by Virginian, dam Lady Burton. 

MELPOMONE, by Burwell's Traveller, dam Virginia by Old Mark Antho- 
ny— <;. dam Polly Bvrd, &.c. re- A w 

MELUNTHEE, gr. c. by Hephestion, dam Castianira, dam of hir Arrny. 

MELZAR, b. h. [by Imp'd] Medley, dam Kitty Fisher by Wildair, (went 

to Kentucky.) , ^ . ,j ^ i- ^ . 

MERCURY, by Dr. Thornton's [Tmp'd] Driver, dam by imp C bclips*, |, 

dam by Union, by imp'd Traveller, &c. 
MERINO EWE bv Jack Andrews, dam Spot bv Bedfo'd. 

MERLIN, by Old Archy, dam by Old Bedford— Dare Devil-jQld Sha-k 
&,c. ' • 

MENDOZA, (Bruiser,) by Boxer, dam Nancy Dawson, dam of isal)ella. 
1796. J yayioe 

MERRY TOM, [Imp' J] by Regulus, dam by Locust, (a Son of Crab / . 
dam by a son of Flying Childers, his gr. dam by Croft's Partner, &c 
Prince George Cy. 1767. John Baird 

MERRYFIELD, [Imp'd] by Cockfighter, dam by Popinjay, Bourbon's 
dam, &-C. MT J j^ 

MERCURY, b. by Virginian, dam by Citizen, &c. 
by Janus, dam Celesta. 

17"- . c ^ r^ 1 . r ^°^ William Byrd. 
by Spread Eagle, dam Janctta. 

J Hoomes 
MERRYFELLOW, b. c. by W. R. Johnson's Byron, dam the dam of C^. 

IT) ilia, Slc. 

King & Queen, Va. 1831. H. Campbell 

MERRY GOLD, b. f [by Imp'd] Barefoot, dam Meg Dodds. 

N. Jersey, 1831. w Gihhnim 

MERETRIX, by Magog, dam Narcissa. * 

MESSENGER,]/m;)'rf] gr. h. by Mambrino, dam by Turf, g. dam by Regu- 

lus out of a sister of Figurant by Stirling, out of the Fox mare, the 

dam of Snap, &.c. 

Foaled, 1780. c. W. Van Ranst. 

DuRoc, dk. ch. by Duroc, dam Vincenta [by Imp'd] Messea 

E. &. A. Stephens. 

?er— imp'd Slender — imp'd Lath, &c. 
Jew- York, 1790. 
METEOR, b. c. by Comet, dam Nancy Dawson. 
MEXICAN, [Imp'd] by Snap out of Malchem— Middleton, &c. 
MIDAS, by Am. Eclipse, dam by Sir Robin, (he [by Imp'd] Robin Red 
breast,)— g. dam by Dare Devil, imp'd Shark— Apollo, «fec. 
1828. YVm Towndes 

MILLER'S DAMSEL, [by Imp'd] Messenger— dam the English PotSoi 
mare by Eclipse. « 

Maid, full sister to American Eclipse. 

i^iT IT IS^ir. u ^ C. W. Van Ranst. 

MILK MAID, by Centinel, dam 

%jfiT IT cr\n u ^ Gen. Carney. 

MILK bO P, b. llby Imp'd] Justice, dam the Brilliant mare by Matchem 

' • b. f by Coeur de Lion, dam Bolton mare, g. dam Saliv 

Wright by ITorick. . 

MTT ix;ri?i . • ^' Hoomes. 

M i;I?rHVr'i'^ ^'opgallant, dam by Kenedy's Pantaloon by Bedford. 
MINERVA, [A^ Imp'd] Obscurity, dam Diana by Claudius. 

Wm. E. Broadnax. 

" TT***- "^- ^y ^^ Thornton's Rattler, dam Rosalba by Trafalg^j 

—Old kosalba [by Imp'd] Eagle, &x. 

7-- by Bellair, dam by Symmes' Wildair, g. dam by Vampire oui 

ofBfYxton's Kitty Fisher. a j t 

MINK, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Cut Legg* 

lJ'SIE^' ^y ^'resident— Old Celer— Tristram Shandy, ike. ' " ° ^^ 
WilSlMUS, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Young Minikin. 

•4X3CHIEF, b. £ by Virginian, dam by Bedford— Bellair— Shaik, &I" 

John M. Boiu 



^h. in. by Rattler, dam by Ogle's Oscai-Ridgley's Halnl•^ 



^^' ^- , ^ J. Powder, Jun. 

MISS FORKS' by Am. Eclipse, dam U,e dam of Maryland Ec^P^^;^*^ 

Chance, [by Imp'd] Chance, dam Roxan. by Ar.^Selim. ^^^^^^ 

C.AWLr»,K m. [bylmp^d] Crawler, dam by MeUat-Grey AlfrecU- 

imp'd Tom Jones, (fcc. 
Brit, [/mpV] by Othello, dam of Dungolah. ^ ^^^^ 

La"" pjK Boaster, dam (mother of Maria Haney.) by Bel- 

- mii^rby Rietck, dam by Independence. [Imf^ Centinel (o, 

Flimnap,) Old Janus, &c. Alexander F. Rose. 

_Do\Vby Old Celer. dam by Diomede out of Bynham's Filly, (a noted 

running mare in Va.) ^ , ^ ,_ , r, u.^vVvmi* 

^Eaole, b. f. by Spread Eagle, dam [Imp'd] Hackabout 

FiTZROv, by Roanoake, dam Wakefield. ^ Randolph. 

-FAuirrLEHOT, b. m. by WUdair, dam by Yorick-LitUe David-Mo. 
ton's Traveller, &c. 
-FiaE, b. f by Roanoake, dam Wakefield. ^ Randolph. 

.EosTON, b. f by Roanoake, dam by Gracchus. ^^^^ R^^j^iph. 
.Fortune, ch. f. [by Imfd] Star, dam Anvelina.^^ ^ Rjehardson. 
$'^::t:iuTO.^ b. m. by a son of old Ha.iltonian, (by D.omede,) 
dam bv Old Hamiltonian, g. dam [6y /m/»V] bpark, &^. 
^.TtwooD, alight b. in. [6y/m/4 Buzzard, dam by Mel-^ar, Shark, 

Union, &c. E Warfield. 

Lex ngton, Kentucky. . 

-G.Jo^, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Wakefield, &c ^ ^^^^^^^^ 

Haggw, br. m. by Blackburn's Whip, dam Blackburn's Buzzard, g. 

-H^^B^L^br' f b/sir Hal, dam Miss Waxy, g. dam b^ Saltram,^J.c 

r=; ch. f. l^r Diomede, dam John Ws M«l.ey maje. ^. 

M "ir "ch-m. ^y U-TcheV, (Fiy '/^^S^- Bedford.) dam by Ver- 
mont,T^n "f »*""«. » "" "^ »« Celer,1 her dam by Fearnought, 
Old Shark, &c ^^ jj_ Johnson 

_JIr.:^.fiWl]adarA>-"S by Sir Solomon,... 

M^«tr«, b. £ bv Spread Ea^le. dam Hebe by Dare T>J'<y^^ 

MAittirr b. f. bv Bedford, dam Gastena. 

Middle;o«, b. ?. by Cormorant, dam Janette by Mercury, &c. 

^ZmIdw xrch. m. by Koscinsko, dam Ruth by Big Ben, W^^-^jf; 

^MoN.. Mae.., b. i by Sp«:ulatar, dam Milksop by Comnr^^Uoi. 

MISS PKLHAM^ b^ m. by Virginian, dam Sugar by Constitution, g. dam 
[6y //n/<J Dragon— Atalanta, &c. i 6 »»■ 

i'oNE, ch. f. by Dare Devil, dam Milksop by Coeur de^lTo^' fcc.*"* 

^mT^' ^'' ^' ^^ ^'*®^^*'"«» ^^^ Telegraph by Old Wiidah-rS; 

^cller"&c** '"* ^y ^'^^^^^^s* «^an™ I^"etta by Silvertail— Vanity by 

SLAMKRKiN. (See Maria and Maggy Slamerkin ) nop. 

■pilateric. ^' ^^ ^'*^* ^^"^ ^^^ ^"'^'"^^ Archduke, g. dam by Preci 
Tl-dor, b. m. by Hyperion, dam Logania by Medley, &c. 

Waxy, by Sir Archy, dam [Imp'd] Mermaid by Waxy out oAvo 

Walker ch. m. by Tartar, (by Diomede,) dam [6y Imp'd] Si . 
h lag of Truce— Old Fearnought, &c. l y j^ } 

MODEST^^^^^ Union, dam Madge! (by Gallowa/s lel!!l^?)t dam 

an [Imp'd] mare by Spot, &,c. ' ^ 

u L T%. , » . r« Benjamin Lowndes. 

Mnrnv k ^b. m. by Ridgley's Tuckahoe, dam Dairy Maid. 
MCXiG Y, b. m. by Defiance, dam by Old Messenger. 

MOHICAN b. h. by Young Topgallant, dam by Telegraph, g. dam by Med- 

MOLLY ANDREWS, by Jack Andrews, dam by Dare'^Dev^'ic^'""''"- 

MOLL BRAZEN (A«,.rf] by Spark, dam byTorismo'S'g'tm byTond 

brother to Snip, g g. dam by Mogul, brother to Balfraham. &r 
by bpread Lagle, dam Nancy Medley. 

Imp'd 1803. ' !„,,„ rp , ^ 

MafeT'^^' f'""''^ "' *'«<='>'«.<'»■">>, Old Spark't dlroILn 

"°^''Rachen>y'Dron'e"' ""' "'''""'• ''"™ ^""'""' '''' ^^°''^' &"d''a.X',>< 
MOLo!"t. by Timoleon, dam by Tom Paine. '^"" '^^ "'"'^'"'^ 

nmre Roger— Starlmg, ic. out of a inorough bred Eng isb 

MONsJ^^;i*^/^S^^'*y°"''"' ''»"' "» ''«"• »'■ Madison. 
MONblEUI^ fOSiMfi (or &r ./oAn.) by Pacolet, (bv Citizen,, dam o, 
Topgallant, g. dam by Grey Medley— Imp'd Oscar-lnm'd Fear 

MONOMl"! ^ K n „ • . o ''"••'» Watson. 

WONOMIA, gr. m. by Bellair. dam Sweetest by Higbayer— Virago, ic 

38 * ; Tavi'je. 




MONKKY, f Imp'J] by tlic Lonsdale Arabian- -Curweu's Bay Barb--Bytr. 
Iv Turk, (this horse was 22 years old when mt ported and rtoo^ 
in Virginia and North Carolina, and got some fine colts.) 

MONARCH/bv Mark Anthony, and the pedigree of hig dam side uncx* 

NerK^-^Va. 1775. ^^ ,^ Geo. B. Poindexte.. 

JKNTTb™^^^^^^^^^ ^y M--.'. Traveller-Bol 

ton— Monkey — Jolly Rosier, <fcc. 
MOREaU, by Bedford out of Miranda. ^^^ Ridgtey. 

-YouNO. (See Young Moreau.) 

MOUNT AIRY, by Byron, dam Roxalana. 

MORTON'S TRAVELLER. (See Traveller Morton's.) 
MORGIANA, bl. f. by Sir Archy, dam by Sir Hal. 

-b. m. by Kosciusko, dam 

B. S. Forest. 

J. S. Garrison. 

Wm. Wynne. 
MORGAN RATTLER, b. h. by Rattler, dam Iris. ^ ^^^.^ 

MORNING* BRIDE, by Spread Eagle, dam Samuel Love's roan n^are^^ 

MOUNTAIN LEADER, ch. s. h. by Old Wildair, dam a Mousetrap mart 

Chesterfield, 1803. ^ ^ ^ n Af axI 

MOUNTAINEER, by Spread Eagle, dam Spot by B«^f^^ Dandrid e. 

^ ch. 8. h. by Old Peacemaker, dam Jane by Knowsley. 

1 Q-?^ 1^ alter i^oies. 

-ch. h. by Contention, dam Iris. 

J. Lewis. 

MORVENNA, b. f. [by Imp'd] Syphax, dam Brenda. ^ ^ Ambler. 
MOSCOW, c. c. by American Eclipse, dam Die Vernon by Old Florizef'e, 

Yonkers, N. Y. 1826. ^^ ^ w f ^au^^^'^'a 

MOSES, [by Jmp'd] Sir Harry, dam by Waxey, g. dam by Imp d Buzzard, 

^' W. Haxhall. 
Mabe, br. by Moses, dam Lady Harrison [by Imp'd] Spread Eagle 

I— Herod, &c. „ _- , ^^ 

MOUSETR\F, or Jack Rap, [[nip'd] ch. h. by Young Marske out of Gen 
tie Kitty by Silvio, Dorimond— Portia by Regulus— Hutton s Spot- 
Fox— Cub, &,c. Foaled, 1787. 

North Carolina, 1793. , . , ,j r- u» 

■ch. h. [by Ivip'd] Mousetrap, dam by ImpM Fearnought- 


Partner — Imp d Janus, dz.c. 
MULATTO MARY, by Sir Archy, 
MURAT, ch. c. by Old Madison, dam Maria Archy. 

MULTI FLORA, b. t by Old Sir Archy, dam Weaxle by Shylock. 

E. Irby. 

— . ch. m. by Kosciusko, dam by Rosicrucmn. 

J. Atchiwin. 

VIUCKLE JOHN, by Sir Archy, dam the dam of Sir William by Bellaii, 





MUCKLE JOHN, by Muckle John, dam Black Eyed Susan by Poton i»c, 


MVFTl J Imp'd] was by Fitzherod, (he by King Herod,) Mufti's dan »-j 
^*I i\f°" *^^ ^^^ Godolphin Arabian, g. dam by Whittington ou 
of a full sister of Black and All Black, fifteen hands one inch hieh 

^rTCTi£?S*!V^I^-u^ , . . JohnTayloe 

MUSIDORA, by Archduke, dam by Dare Devil. 

T T^o 1 

MURDOCH, by Sir Charles, dam gr. m. ky Bedford, her dam by Old Wil 

Chesterfield, Va. 1830. Charles Graves 

MUZZLE DIOMEDE, [by Imp'd] Diomede, dam by Hymen, byCIotus,*b% 

Fearnought, &c. 
MYRTILLA, br. f by Marylandcr, dam Desdemona by Miner's Escape 

Foaled, 1828. d^. Crawford. 


NAMELESS, [Imp*d] b. m. by Felho da Puta, by Haphazard, out of Mist 
Barnet, her dam Rosetta by Young Woodpecker— -Dungannon 
Justice, &c. Foaled, 1825. 

*T.xTr,l"T''l^^^o ^ y^ Chas. Green. 

NANCY, b. f. by Spread Eagle, dam 

b- m. by Ball's Florizelle, dam the Bedford mare SnoU 
^8\4. Walter Coles. 

-Abner, by Sir Archy, dam 

—AiE, [by Imp'd] Bedford, dam Annette by Old Shark, g. dam by 

Rockingham — Gallant, dtc. 

Foaled, 1799. Died 1822. James B. Ricnardson. 
Air, b. m. by Virginius, dam Old Nancy Air. 

J. B. Richardson. 

Bfxl, by Fearnought, dam by Imp'd Miss Bell, &c. 

—BvwELL, [Imp'd] b. m. got by Matchem, dam by Goliah— Red 

Rose — Curwen — Old Spot, Sue. 
C0LEMA5, by Young Fearnought, dam Latonia by Old Partner, gi. 

dam by Imp'd Jolly Roger, &c. 

^806. J. Verrell. 

Creighton, by Francisco, dam Molly Andrews by Jack Andrews. 

Messrs. Minges. 
• Dawson, by Lloyd's Traveller, dam Phillis (by Fearnought,) 5. 

dam a celebrated mare of Col. Baylor's by Imp'd Sober John. 

Foaled, 1783. Wm. Scott 

Dawson, b. by Eagle, dam by Bellair. 

Martin, ch. m. by Bolingbroke, dam by Bedford— Selim— Tyler's 

Indej>endence, &,c. 

Mrdley, by Old Medley, dam Mead's Oracle. 

Whirligig, [6y Imp'd] Figure, dam by Mark Anthony— Jolly Ro 

ger — Imp'd Mary Grey, &.C. 
NANNY O, c. f. by Pantaloon, dam Young Selima by Yorick. 
^,,^1788. J.Tavlee. 

^AOMI, ch. f by Pulaski, dam by Young Wohdeiw Sinilax— Gicy Dio 

mede— Alalanta by Imp'd Medley. 
NAPOLEON, br. b. by Imp'd Diomede, dam by Eclipse, g. dam by Mercn 

ry, &,c. 

1«08. H Ch#«»hire. 

-by Gouty, dam by Sir Hany, g. dam t>j Diomede. Fla| • 


Truce, &,c. 





NAPOIFON en h. by Napoleon, (by Diomede,) dam by noriMlle. 
!!!^!2!Z--:by impV Wolider, dam by DiomeJe-Harfs Medley-out oi 
a favourite ma.c of Col. Selden's, &c ^ ^ ^^^^^^^^^^ 

! by Oscar, dam Letitia by Truxton. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

NARci^SSA!by'lmpM Shark, dam Rosetla by Wilkh.s' Centmel-Diana 

by Claudius, &c. j j Harrison. 

Kj. Wildair, dam Melpomone, g. -am Virginia by Mark An- 

thony-Polly Byrd, &c. j Hoomes. 

NELLY SPARKS, br. m. by Bertrand, dam by Whip, (by ImpM Whip)- 

Bomparcl, 6^c. ^^^ ^ Blackburn. 

Wl L G W YNN* ch £ by Thornton's Rattler, dam Vixen by Trafalgar. 
!!^SA^NDZ^t m.\ Wonder, dam by Imp'd Dare DevU-lmpd 

Centinel, Slc. 
NETTLE, ch. m. by Wildair, dam Dcsdemona. ^ ^ ^ ^^^ 

full sister to Virago by Wildair, by Ajax. ^ ^ ^^ 

NETTLETOP, by ImpM Spread Eagle, dam by Shark-Old Janus, &c 
_ rllcV'rt T^aX" (by I-P'd Mufti,) dam Nettletop by 

Spread Eagle, &c. ^ Berkley. 

__by Bellair, dam by Mark Anthony— Fearnought^ ^^^^^ 

Foaled 1794 ^'^'~ 
Ly Diomede, dam Betsy Lewis, <kc. ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ _ 

NERISSA, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Jessica by Shylock. 

NEVERTIRE, b. f by Roanoake, dam Endless. 

J. Randolph. 
J. Randolph. 

NEY, b. h. by Mountaineer, dam Lady EagJ«. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

NIGHTINGALE, by Chanticleer, dam Winguryfeet, (by Jolly Roger,) 15. 

Ham Melnomone by BuiwelPs Traveller. m. by^ackand All Black, dam by Careless-Augustus-P.l- 

grim-Fearnought, &o. ^ Baldwin, jun. 

NIMROOrchTby Baylor's Fearnought out of a Partner n,are-lmpM 

Janu^lmp'd J""? R^f • R-,ehard Taliaferro. 

. ! by Topgallant dam Castianira. j t loB. 

NONPAREIL, dk. b. by Old Fearnought, dam by Janus, ^^^^^ ^ .^^ 

M)RNl'b It; Di'r^tor, dam by Sir Harry-Bedforc-Da.^ l')rriV- 
WUdair, &.c 



NORTH CAROLINIAN, by Virginian, dam by imp'd Dion, g. dam Betm 

Baker by imp'd Clown, Golden Figure, dtc. 
NORTH A M PTON, b. c. by Ogle's Oscar, dam J ane Lowndes. 

NORTHERN ECLIPSE, (See Eclipse Northern.) ^°^* ^^"^* 

NORTH EAST, b. c. by imp'd Highlander, dam Tulip by Ranger or Lind 
say's Arabian. 

™,^^?!^»T> r. Thomas M. Foreman. 

NORTH STAR, [Imp'd] b. by Matchem, dam Lass of the Mill by Oranoft 
ko, g. dam by Traveller— Miss Makeless by Young Greyhound. 

xT^o.r!^?^^'^' ^^^**\ . ,u o . Thomas Peter. 

NORVAL, dap. gr. by imp'd Spark, dam by Sliakspeare, g. dam imp'd 
Lady Northumberland. . "^ 

John Rose. 
NORTHUMBERLAND, by BelUir, dam by Wildair-Shakspeare, <fcc. 

J. Tavloe 
NULUFIER, b. c. by Am. Eclipse, dam Roxana by Sir Harry, &c 

Messrs. Corbins. 


OATHMAN, b. c. by Sclim, dam B, Ruler mare, (by Ruler in England ) 

Turk, dtc. 
OAKLEY, ch. c. by Crusader, dam Josephine by Bedibrd. 

S. Carolina, 1829. j. j Moore 

OBSCURITY, [Imp'd] dk. ch. got by O'Kelly's Eclip^, dam by Careliw^ 

g. dam by Cullen Arabian, g. g. dam by North Ujuntry Diomede, ^j 

Foaled, 1778. John Forman. 

OCEANA, b. £ by Bagdad, dam Florida by Con queroi^— Rosemary, (South 

all's mare,) by Diomede— Celia by Wildair. 

1827. j^ Southall. 

OCTAVIA, b. f. by Rockingham, dam Frederica by Enoi^pe. 

oharles Tayloo 
OCEAN, ch. 0. by Timoleon, dam Anna by Truxtoa. 

Tennessee I8'28. 
OHIO, ch. h. by Bacchus, dam Crazy Jane, &o. 

O'KELLY, [Imp'd] b. by Anvil, dam by Eclipse, g. dan by Blank, g. g. 
dam by Snip— Godolphin Arabian, dt«. 

^^^^' u xr. . . . Th*r«n Reeves. 

by Virgmian, dam by Bay Yankee, g. tUun by sorrel Diomedt 

fet by Haynes' Flimnap, &,c. 
OLYMPIA, bl. f. by Roanoake, dam Jet by Bluster. 

OLIVIA, b. f. by Am. Eclipse, dam Brunette, (by Telegraph) out of Albui 

full sister to De/iance. 
OROONOKO, b. c by Hyperion, dam Minikin, <fec 

r,T,,r.}V^\n. John Randolph. 

OKACLL, (Mead's,) [by Imp'd] Obscurity, dam by Citizen— imp'd Old 

Partner — Janui*— Valiant, &,c. 
ORANGE, b. m. by Cooper's Messenger, dam by Slasher, (he by Mess«^• 

ger,) g. dam bred by Gen. Green of Philadelphia out of a Va. bred 

mare, dtc. 
ORELIA, b. h. bv Pacolet, dam by Truxon, g. dam Dr. Butler's Rosella 

by imp'd Mendoza, dtc 
ORPHAN BOY, b. h. by Am. Eclipse, dam Maid of ihe Oaks, dtc. 

baihgate 6i, ^uw^ 



ORPHAN, b. c. by Cormorant, dam Darlington mare by Darlington. 
u urtiivi, ^^^^^^ Florizelle, dam bv uWd Diomcde. 

ONEA, br. f. by Pacotaligo, dam Virginia ^.Coquette.) 

1 ft21 
ONORER, b. m. by Sir Archy, dam Black Ghost ^ ^^^^^^ 

Diomede, &C. q^^ Ridgley. 

OPOSSUM,g. m. byShark,damby01dTwig-g.damby[/m/<q Fearnought 

-Jolly Roger, &.o. j^^^^^ Alexander. 

OPERNICO, b. h. [bylmp^dl Medley, dam by Lindsay's Arabian, g. dam 

by impM Oscar, <fcc. 
New Castle, Va. 1797. 

Nicholas Symnie 
^"'"''*X.^.')b'^h;\"yW<i] Gabriel, dam Vixen by Old Med- 

ley, g. dam Penelope by Yorick, &c. 
Bellair, Maryland, 1800. 

fK"?; i by- Saltram, dam by Highflyer^Herod-M^' 
MiddleWb7Re6ul"s^»"""« "? " «"> "'^"^ Bolton-Bartleit . 
S''",'' j"i :S;?' William Lightfoot. 

*^ JuN by Ogle's Oscar, dam Edelin's Floretta by imp'd Spread 

Eagle, &c. 

^"'^'-d/b. i by Wonder, (son of Diomede,) dam Roaetta, (Rosy 

Clack,) by Saltram, &c. 

(Tenne^ssee.^^ b. h. by Tuckahoe, dam by Ogle's Oscar, g. dam by 

Charles Ridgley. 

Walter Coles. 

J. Tayloe. 

Medley, Cub, Tamerlane, &c. 
'""^'.Ir.^gr' by Roanoake, dam Lady Eagle. 


OSSORY, b. c. by Old Rattler, dam Desdemona, &€. 

a Se purch'Ts^d fr^n, the stud of Kmg Geogejl.^ ^^^^^^ 

r.THPr??i*or' BLACK AND ALL BLACK, [Imp'd] a beaui.ful black got 
"^"^by^orfws Crab.outof the Duke of Somerset's tavour.te mar. 

S^"" l.^'d K55-6. Gov. Sharpe. (M.ryd.^ 


PACKINGHAM,byFlori«lle. dam by Magog, g. dam by Flimnai^Martr 

».AClF*c"'bTb'fsir Archy, dam Elixa, (fuU sister of Gallatin,) by imp'd 

Bedford out of imp'd Mambrmo, &.c. ^ ^ Sumnw. 

P^COTj-nGO. ^6r5'm?^' Bedford, dan. Milksop by Jusiic..' 



PALa^OX, by Exoress, dam by Cub-Heath's Childers-^oo. Travellw- 
Old Dove — Othello, &c. 

PAnm iTT ix/ IJ'f ^JP^^^ n'?"'l^^' dam Eppes' Tippoo Saib mare, S.C 
PACOLEl MARE, [Imfd] by Pacolet, dam Whiteneck by Crab-^Godo. 

phin Arabian— Conyer's Arabian, dtc 

ImpM into Pennsylvania. Hiltzheimer 
rr; — ^by Pacolet, dam by Dragon, g. dam by Truxton— Bompaii- 

Pillgarlick, &c. '^ 

Tennessee, 1824. Reuben Caae 

PACOLET, by Old Pacolet, dam by Albrack, (by Truxton ) ^ 

St Lou i^, Mobile. ^ B.'McMenomy. 

rrr^ u °;UV'"^ ? S,'Jl^"' ^*"' ^y '^^PP^o Saib, (the dam ol 

Palafox by Old Dioniede, Wilkes' Wonder, &c.) Died 1825 a^ed 
1 7 years. ' * ^ 

Sumner Cy. Tennessee. Geo. Elliott. 

——Alabama, by Old Pacolet, dam by imp'd Whip, Old Shaik. 

oiiakspeare, oi,c* 

PANDORA, by Bellair, dam by Soldier, g. dam by imp'd Oscar, Merry 
Tom, &,c. ' "^ 

rt E. A. Massey. 

-or 55ALLY Gee, b. f. by Archy, dam a Citizen mare, dam ul 


II- by Gov. Wright's Silver Heels, dam Equa. 

by Grey Diomede, dam the dam of Floretta. 


P. Wallis. 

u u » • ,j „ ., Gov. Wright 

: — rrS^ "^i! ? ''"P^ Medley, dam by Lonsdale out of Braxton i 

iinp'd Kitty Fisher. 

J — — b. m. by Palafox, dam by Wonder, Snip, imp'd Bedford, &c 

l>AMTA?!?^M'^» ,ji u .. ^. James Chambers. 

1 ANTALOON, [Imp^d] b. by King Herod, out of W. Fenwick's N-ii- 

cracker who was by Matchem, dtc. 

^°^*«^' /799j,'t''a"don, Va. 1787. Benjamin Harrison. 

" Z — rT^i. . •'• ^y Matchem, dam Curiosity Inr Snap— RegulM 

—Bartlett'sChilders-Honeywood's Arabian, dam of the two Tr«« 

Blues. jygy 

PANTO.MA, by Bedford, dam by Dare Devil— Shark— Pilgrim, &c. 

PARROT, b. f by Roanoake, dam Parofiuet. 

PAROQUET, b. f by imp'd Merryfield, dam Popinjay, Bourbon"' dam* 

I'ARTNER [Imp^] b h. by the Duke of Hamilton's Figure* Old Fi^urc^ 
standard, &c. I artner's dam was Britannia, full sister of Col. Hou 
per'8 Pacojlet, g. dam Queen Mab, .fee. ' 

anover \k>rri8 Cy. j^^n Blanchard. 

■r"r~(;J<>o«»'^) i^rnp'd] by Croft's Partner, dam (sister to Starlint) 

by bay Bolton son of the Brownlow Turk by the i'uiliam ArabiJin, 

1 ^..^ <^^^^) by Morton's Traveller, dam Tasker's imp'd Selima. 
• -b c. by Roanoake, dam the dam of Wildfire. 

%RAGO!V g. h. by Spread Eag.e, dam b> Bellair out of Andiew MSwid'f 

^^^*^- Ralph Wurnitoy 



b. h. by Virgmm Eclipse. Ham Virginia by Tnnoleon of M«. 

Oland out of L .^Ta■d of OaUand by -|^;<'pS'.;;;l-|- *„'; ^,„^^ 
.l>y Tinioleo... da.n by Brctus, (by Beilair,) g. da.n by Old D. 

oniede, &c. Gabriel Mooie. 

<"""lb; old Flimnap, dam Camilla by Burwell's Traveller, &c. 

SoUl to (^'o'- f"«»«''<=''- W. Hampton. 

^^ 17»8. ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^y Columbus, (by im^d Pan- 

taloon fout if Ldy NorthumlwrVand, g. dam by Paragrm, &<5j 
PARTNERSmP ch. h. by Volunteer, dam Rosy Clack by .n.p'd Saltram 
-Camilla by Old Wildair, &c. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

b. c. bv Ogle's Oscar, dam . * • . 

PATRIOT, by i.npM Fearnought, dam by Fearnought, g. dam by Ar.slo. 

PATSY WALTHAL, by Medley, dam Maria by Diomede, g. dam by 
Bellftir, (fee ^ Haynes. 

PAUL JONES, by Specimen, dam by impM Wildair, (whick was taken 
back to England,) g. dam Delancy's Ctib marc. ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

31==llrb^%f Chlr^'a^-^byToln Tough-Ball's FlorizeI.e. 

inip'd Hamilton, &c. S & J. Strrder. 

eAUL*^rtn?°JJ chi^'fifteen hands high, by Saltram dam Virago by Snap, 

VauTs dim Purity by Matchem, g. dam the GUI Sq"'^! ";»[«• .„ 

Powhatan, Va. 1807. _ ^ T^nlli^lSfJr^d Du^^ 

PAYMASTER, [/m;>V/J b. by Old Paymaster, dam by Otho-Herod-Duke 

of Northuml)erland's Arabian out of own sister to ^^.m, &x 

York River, 1791. "^"'^y ^^"'^' 

N. B. No runners from this horse. 
PARALLEL, by Virginian, dam by Medley. 

PARIS, bv Hidiflver, dam a Cade mare. i. v * u « c. 

PARTIZAN a liuht bay by Virginian, dam Diomedian by Am. horse Sai- 
^^ tm.1, \son of n'p'd Dionide,) 'gr- dam by Hendrick's Celer (son oi 

Mead's Old Celer.) Horace Royster. 

PAMUNKEY, by Am. Eclipse, dam Bellona by Sir Archy— g. dam by Sir 
Harry-Melxar, &c. ^^^^^^^ p^^^^„ 

PEACOCK, fYouNo'8) by imp'd Citiwn-imp'd Sterling-imp'd Mouse- 
_— I!^(l&ANDOt.PH's,) b. c. by Roanoake, dam Roanoka. 

1— rBF.RKi F.\'s ) by Old Janus, dam an in.p'd Spanish mar«. 

/LACE MAKER, dk. b.' h. by imp'd Dion,ede, dam Poll by Vm^^S K»«^J 
and all Black, out cf a >^^rcury nmre, g. d. Nanny by Black and all 
Black, g. g. dam by imp'd Oscar— Old Partner, &c. ^ ^^^ ^^ 

^^^* ^' .bvOld Volunteer of Tennes.«ee, (he by Gallatin,) dam btOW 

Peace Maker— Dutchess by Coeur de Lion, &ic. 



PEGASUS, g. f. by Pegasus, dam Sally Wright. 

PEGGY, (Young) ch. m. by Gallatin, dam Trurnpetta by Hephestion it 
dam Peggy by Bedford. J f > s 

Kentucky. , ,^ „ ^^ ^ , , E. Warfield. 

— — ch. m. by Imp'd Bedford, dam Imp'd Peggy. 

^^?r wi V rr \ Wade Hampton. 

---[Imp d] by Trumjieter, dam by Herod out of Peggy, (sister w 

Postmaster.) ^ 

Foaled, 1788. Died 1805. J Tavlru» 

PEGGY MADEE, gr. f. by Sir Hal, dam Fair Rosamond, &c. ' 

PENDENISS, gr. h. by Volunteer, dam Ariadne by Ball's Florizelle 
PENELOPE, by Yorick, dam by Ranter, g. dam by Old Gift, &c. 

ch. f by Timoleon, dam Rosetta by Wilkes' Wonder 

PENNSYLVANIA FARMER, by Partner out of a full bred mare. 

^^^^' iv/. u T, r, J. Tavloe. 

—Mare, by Pa. Farmer, dam by Pegasus, g. dar.. by Bol- 

ton, 6lc. 


J. Hoomes. 
Enoch Mason. 

lM, b. c. by Gracchus, dam Mary by Whip, 
^'almouth, Va. 

PEY EYE, b. c. by Bedford, dam Milksop, <SfcC. 
1804. ^ 

PET, b. f by St. Tammany, dam Miss Dance by Roebuck. 
gr. f by Gracchus, dam Mouse by Sans Culotte. 

PETRUCHIO, by Shakspeare, dam Miss Chance by Chance-^Roxalaiia. 

Mt. Airj', Va. Wm H Tavloe 

PHENOMENON, or Big Ben, by Imp'd Wonder, dam by Dare* Devil, &c 

u L . r. •'• Mayo. 

-— b. h. by Roanoake, dam Young Frenzy. 

PHENOMENA, b. f. by Sir Archy, dam Lottery by Bedford? jtc.""^"^^^' 

PHOEBE, by Bright Phoebus, (full brother of Miller's Damse'u dim 'bv 
Republican President, (he by Cragg's Highflyer,) g. dam by Lind 
say's Arabian— Iinp^d Ranger, dtc. ^ j ,/ b j 

PHOENIX, [fmp'd] ch. h. bred by the Duke of Bedford, got by Dragon, his 
dam Portia by Volunteer— Florizelle— King Herod, &x. Foaled, 

North Carolina, 1803. Thos. B. Hill. 

"~ ^ h. by Imp'd Venetian, dam Zenobia by Don Carlos— J uni.^ 

per, <tc. 

PH r A i?iV o&rV^; ,^ G. Fitzhugh. 

PH LADELPHIA, [Imp'd] b. m. by Washington, dam Miss Tutieridge ot 

Dungannon— Marcella by Mambrino— Media by Sweeibrier— An 

gelica by Snap, &c. 

PMirio^^u u o , J.Randolph. 

I HILIP, ch. c. by Rattler, dam by Flag of Truce. 

PHir no u T^ , , Towiisend. 

» HiLLlb, by Fearnought, dam a celebrated mare of Col. Baylor's got b? 
Imp'd Sol)er John, dtc. * 

— ch. f full sister to Gohanna. 

^^^ JohnM. B«^u 



MULLlS.'b, Old Topgallant, dam by GreyDiomede.g. dam atoob, Gi.t 
Dion/ede out of a thorough bred mare. ^^ ^^.^^^^^^ 

picture; by Imp'd Shark, dam by Sweet Larry, by SpadiUo-Ja.m., 

PILCWM \lmp'd]bl h. by Samson-Regulus-Greyhound mare-Brow, 

TraveZ. L grandatn of Matchem, &c 

*'°^bv Yof^k, (by Morton's Traveller,) dam a Little Dav.e m««, 

uy luiiv , V J M..cVin Face. &Xi. 



g. dai by Old Traveller out of Muslm face, &c^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

.—dap. gr. by Fearnought, dam Brandon b, AtistoUe.^&c..^^ 

Foaled, 1774. 

J. J. Harrison. 


PILOT, b. c. by Sir Archy, dam by Gallatin. 

r. c. by Flimnap, dam Hone by Shark. 

b. c. by Sir Henry, dam sU and Easy by _ _ ^^^^^^^^^ 

PIRATE, by Sir Archy, dam Lady Hamilton by Sir Arthur-Medley- 

Mark Anthony, &c. ^ p Johnson. 

PILLGARLIC, by Old Janus, dam by Imp'd Jolly Roger, g. dam by Silver 

PIT L B^X %r Dixon's) by Imp'd Pantaloon, dam Melpomone by Bur- 
PILL *^"j\' Vi;^;^ "; ^ '; J ^^„, Virginia by Mark Anthony. 

nROU»!/:?'ti WeS d^Zrcondo^^^^^^^^ 

Barb, <fcc. j Hoomes. 

PLEiXIPOtInTIARY, gr. c. by Ogle's Badger, dam Shrewsbury Nan, by 

Bajazetj&c. Thos. M. Forman. 

RoseH.U,Md im^^^.^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^.^^^^ dam Cora by Bedford. 

POCAHONTAS, b. f by Randolph's Janus out of the dam of 1 owhatan. 
|_OCAIU)^^ ,^ Topgallant, dLn Pocahontas by Vnuzun.^^ ^^.^^^ 

by Vintzun, dam Pandora by Grey Diomede-Old Medley, 

^''' m. by Sir Archy, dam Young Lottery, (by Sir Archy,; 

out of Lottery-Bedford, out of Imp'd Anvelma. g. .pj^„ 

1819 t\- ^ b 

HOCOTALiGO, by Imp'd Bedford, dam Milksop by -"^^^'"j^^p.^^^^^. 

iHil T VPHFMUS DV Tayloe's Yorick, dam Selima by Old fearnought. 
1 OLMh f.™ A Yo^ng't^eacock. (by Citizen,) dam Dutches, by B«. 
ford— Thresher— Twigg, &lc. 
_ —by Partner, dam by IV^rk Anthony-Old Partner. 6lc. ^ ^^^^^ 

rOLLlf BYRD, by Aristotle, dam Young Bonny Lass by OJd Jolly Rceer 
g dam Bonny Lass. ^ 6 • 
Brooks, b. f. by Imp'd Valentine, dam Sally Baxter. 

r? u T 1, « , , , '^^°^' M- Forman. 

_— Flaxkn, by Jolly Roger, dam Imp'd Mary Grey. 

-J , H. Games. 

-Hopkins, b. m. by Virginian, dam Jenny by Archduke— Imp'd 

Stirling — ImpM Obscurity, <kc. 

T%r . L »^ . ^^^- Wynne. 

--Martin, b. m. by Bcnehan's Sir Archy, dam by Imp'd Dion. 

- _ ^ ^ rr., . . ^^P'- ^«o- -^- Bleney. 

—Medley, b. m. by Thornton's Medley, dam by Thornton's Mercu- 
ry — Bowje's Sportsman, &,c. 

Peachum, by Patriot by Isabella, (the gr. dam of Page's famous Isa- 

.h f bv Ec ipse, aan. Janus nmrc. ,, ., j..;„ 

rJ^CU PLYM(iuTH,ch. f by Archduke, d.m Imp'd Alex^dna.^ 

Peachum, b. f. by John Richards, dam Fair Forester, &c. 

1826. John Baker. 

Powell, by Virginian out of a £ull sister to Napoleon. 

POMPADOUR, by Valiant, dam Injp'd Jenny Cameron. 

Judge Ty'er 
POMONA, [Imp'd] b. m. by Worthy, (own brother to Waxey,) dam Co 

medy by Buzzard, her dam by Highflyer, <fec. 

Petersburg, Va. Wm Haxall 

POOR CHANCL, ch. c. by Archduke, dam Milksop by Coeur de Lion.* 

PORCUPINE, ch. by Imp'd Diomede, dam Diana by Claudius. 

1804. Wm. E. Broadnax 

PORTO, [/m;>'rfj by King Herod, dam by Snap— Cade-own sister to 
Maichem's dam by Partner— Makeless— Brimmer, &c. Bred bv 
Mr. Crofts, and foaled 1731. ^ 

^w^orr^^ rxr<w r ^ ^ ThOS. GoodC. 

f»ORTO BELLO, by Commutation, dam by Walker's Flimnap, &c. 

Dmwiddie Cy. Va. 1796. Belf. Starke 

PORTIA, b. m. by Clipper, (a son of Old Messenger,) her dam the dam' ol 

Mog^ by Defiance. 
— — b. T. by Shylock, dam Jessica. 

1825. j^ Randoloh 

POST BOY, by Gabriel, dam by Hyder Ally, g. dam by Uie Old Grey Ara 

bian, g. g. dam by Ariel— Othello, &c. 

. «r . . — ^Ridgley. 

• by Wrangler, dam — 

B. Wilkes 
POTOMAC, b. h. by Imp'd Diomede, dam by Pegasus, &c. 

Mecklenburg, Va. 1804. Rich. Dennis. 
-Mare, by Potomac, dam by Gallatin. 

mT«n^^"K"^A^; vr „ . u ^ . Jefferson Scott. 

l-UlSUb, by Old Medley, dam by Conductor, g. dam oy Celer, &,c. 

-—Mare, Unip'dj was got by Eclipse, dam by Gimcrack, <fcc. 

m w u\??,^?l: V^^ Wm. Constable. 

^\J\S H ATAN, by Oscar, (he by Assiduous,) dam a Bashaw mare. 

^^ ^Spotsylvania Cy. Va. John Ho.'liday. 

gr. h. by Old Pacolet, dam by Powhatan, by Imp'd Diome/|e 

^by Imp'd Diomede, dam by Imp'd Shark— Old Celer -Imu'd 

mare, Slc. 

^X)WWANCY, by Sir Alfred, dam Virgo by Imp'd Youi^ Sir Pe»er Im 
sle, g. dam Castianira. 


! ! 

L I 


Dui-riPiTATF r/mi.'<n a sotiel horse, fifteen and a naif haujls lijgli, 
" hidtTfhJSof by, dam by Herod, g. 
^n*! b^ Matctn. o..,?.f Mr. Prau's Old S<,u,rt «'^^ 
PREST^L^^'J^b; ChantiXr<famCan.n.a by WUdair, ,. dan, Minerva b» 




nought— Moore's Partner, &c. 
Dinwiddie Cy. Va. 1796. 

Driiry Jones 
mMSTor.'iUeu'srby 0«y Medley, da. by Apollo, g. da.,, by 

Imo'd Granby— Hamilton's f igure, &.c. 
. llTIby Dovefdam Stella by Othello, ImpM^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

(R,n«LEv'») by Apollo, dam by Imp'd Granby-Hamilton's Fi- 

FRIMKRO,' ^Mason's Rattler, dam Kitty Russell. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

I g.]lan, Golden Locks by Oronookc^Valiant,ic. ^^^ ^^^^^ 
__^r«Airch. by Muckle John out of a Whip mare,^«.c. ^^^^ 
2S;T,'by' Tom Tough, dam by Imp'd Sir Harry^^^^ ^^^^^ 

PRlNCEsl,^y"sir Archy, dam a full blooded n.are, bred by Lemuel U-ng 

of North Carohna, &c. Amiss. 

PRIZE FIGHTER, by In.p'd Expedition, dam Zelippa by l",p'd Messen- 

. by Grey Medley, dam by Apollo, g. dam by I-P^f^^^^J^^^f ' 

PROSERPINE, by Dare Dev.l, dam a Clodius mare, g. dam by Bolton, g. 
g. dam Sally Wright by Yorick, &c. ^ ^^^.^^^ 

__!!!Lb. m. by (Tenn.) Oscar, dam by Pacolet, second Diomede by 
ImpM Diomede— Wildair, &c. j ^ ^^.^^ 

Tennessee, 1323. ^^ by Bordeaux out 

'''''''NX^'oZ :;L'r'',o'saCrbJ'^rpse_Snrp, ^c. imp'd 
by Gen. McPherson. 

n;mT?r|r:rbfs:?''Arhy, dam by Bedford, g. dam (dam of Trifle) by 

«*''?';;-f„li2"'-^"''"'' *'"• Ch.s. Botts & T. Lawson. 

r.JKE("LU,ly Stirling, dam by Escape, g. dam uy L.„d louvau... 
Percy Arabian— King Herod, <tc. 

PULASKI, cli. h. by Virginian, dam Constitution (by Diomede ) £. dam 
the dam of Lady Lagrange by imp'd Dragon, Bet Bounce, 'LI. 

Thomas S. Goodrunu 

QUAKER LASS, by Jumper, nam imp»d Molly Pacolet 

—— by Kouli Kahn, dam by Valiant, g. dam imp d by Wiiiiam 

Byrd, and foaled 174J9. "^ 

r>»Ttr.oT TO 4 orr r r 4 i. ^ ^ ^ Thcodcrick Bland. 

QUEEN ISABELLLA, br. m. by First Consul, dam Nancy Dawson by Old 
Messenger. -^ 

-— -Mab, r/mp'd] by Musgrovc's Grey Arabian, dam Harrison*! 

Arabian, g. dam by his Chestnut Arabian, Leeds, &c. 

Imported by Gov. Ogle. 
OK May, by imp'd Shark, dam by imp'd Janus, 4lc. 

1789. Thomas 

QUICKSILVER, (formerly Snap,) s. h. by imp'd Medley, dam by Wildair, 

g. dam by Spark out of Col. Overton's Jolly Roger, and Valiant mar« 

sold to H. Heath. 


-by Mercury, dam Brandon by Aristotle. 

J. Tayloe. 

r^jj,^S!?^'. . Benjamin HarriMHL 

QUJLTUS, b. c. by Sir Henry, dam Slow and Easy by Duroc, dtc. 


-b. c. by Speculator, dam Alexandria. 

lo(lo« John Hoomfi4 

QUIDNUNC, b. c. by Arabian Bagdad, dam Rosy Carey, (by Sir Archy/ 
g. dam Sally Jones by imp'd Wrangler— imp'd Traveller, &xi. 
Tennessee, 182G. Rev. H. M. Cry«f. 


RABBI, g. c. by Winter's Arabian, dam by one of the best sons of Hamble- 

tonian, g. dam by Spread Eagle. 

Alabama. J. & A. Gi^t 

RACHEL FOSTER, gr. m. by Virginian, dam by Palafbx— Betty Mufti b? 

imp'd Mufti, (fee. ' 

RAFFLE, ch. m. by Bellair out of a full sister to Narcissa. 

n.^.J'^^^' Samuel Tyler. 

RANDOLPH, gr. c. by Rinaldo, dam (Ridgley's) Ophelia by litUe Medley, 

RANGER, [Jmp'd] a Milk White horse got by Regulus, (son of Godolphin 
Arabian,) his dam by Mercury, Andrew, her dam by Steady, &c. 
(Unsuccessful in racing.) Dr. Hamilton. 

• -b. c. by Roanoake, dam Never Tire. 

John Randolph. 

■ — —(See Arabian Lindsay's.) 

dk. b. by Bussora, dam Alarm. 

^ ch. c. by Heath's Childers, dam Tulip by Lindsay's Whiit 

Arabian, imp'd Othello, George's Juniper, dtc 

» 4 ..J ^^^ Thos. M. Formaii. 

RANTER, [Imp'd] b. foaled 1755, got by Dimple, (son of the Godolphin 

Arabian,; dam by Crab out of Bloody Buttocks, dx. Imp'd m *762 

and stood in Stafford County, Va. in 1763. 

•^^-^-^ —Young, (See Young Ranter.) 

I'ASSELAS, by Sir Archy, dam by imp'd Play or Pay, g. dam bv Belfau, 

imp'd Pantaloon, Ate. 182a 




u A TTi vn nr PRATTLE ) bv impM Shark, Ham Lady Leggs, (the (tarn ol 
•"^ ' "^!;ifectorTby S Fearnought and -P'^^J^Jj;;;; 

_J!l^t""h r^'iMy Sir Archy,) dam by Old Prize Fighter, 
g. dam Liiff borough's Spread Eagle mare. ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ . 

Lancasjer,J^a.^l829. ^^^ ^^ .^^^^ ^^^^.^^ ^jj^,,,,^^ g. dau. ".7 

iinp'd Obscurity, Old Slamerkin, &c. Wynne. 

ch. by Thornton's Rattler, dam Maid oHhe Mill. ^ .^^^^^^^ 

by Rattler, (by Shark,) dam PoUy McCuUoch. ^^^^^^^ 

(See Fairfax.) u 4 i,^. 

ch. c. by Kosciusko, dam by Archer^^^^^^ ^ Blackburn. 

Kentucky. ^ , . . j^ ^y Timoleon, dam Constitution (br 

(Abas Stafford,) en. n-oy 1 ^,.. . ! iTeamought, &,c. 

Mare, c. m. by Rattler, dam Jenny Windflower.^ ^^^._^^ 

RATRAY, by imp'd Clifden, dam by Fiupa.tner out of Arin.inna b, 
RAPLEVrrc-by Bassino, dan, Clio by imp'd Whip^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^.^^ 

^iffiiS^'SSK:^fRicLtd^t^^^ by Sir Alfred, g. dam by Sey 

mour's Spread Eagle, Pantaioon, &c. 
RAVE.^Iw^r 'dV^h. by Si, Harry, dam Dutchess by Gr^use.^^^^ 
REALIxVtby Sir Archy, dam by Medley, g. dam by Centinel, Mark An- 
REAl'&,'b;o/si; Archy, dam Irby's Dare Devil mare. ^ ^^ 

RECRUIT, ch. by impM Stirling, dam Ctogj by Wilder, gr. dam Miner 
va by Obscurity g. g- dam D.ana by, 6^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ 
Hickory Hill, 1B07. 

RED MURDOCK, (See Murdock.) 

RED ROVER, ch. h. (See MarcelUis.) 

ch. h. by Carolinian, dam Sycorax. ^^^^^^ ^ ^,^^^^^^ 

Prince George Cy. Maryland. ^p..,ft^t„ 

h < hv Tariff dam the dam of Chiettam. ^ , , u - 

^t^f- ^>'. ^^nd .ire valiant, g. g. ^'^^^^J^ 

"'""^F.X'Sbh. by in^p'd Fearnought, dam imp'd Jenn, 

Dismal Chatam near Fredg. 1774. 
RKINDEEF^ b. c by Aran dam by Marske, &e. 

J J. Hai nion 




REMfJS, llmp'dj by Dove— Spanker— Flying Childers— out ^f Betsy f^edt 

(sister to Leeds,) by the Leeds Arahian, &,c. 

N. Carolina, 1777. John Band. 

RENOVATOR, g. c. by Chichester's Brilliant, dam Indiana by Florizelle. 

18^1- H. A. Tayloe. 

REPUBLICAN, by True Whig, dam Young Selima sister to the notef< 

Chatam, &,c. 

William Brent. 
«— bl. by imp'd Shark, dam by Fitzhughs' True Whig— Worm 

ley's King Herod— imp'd Silver Eye, &c. 
REPUBLICAN PRESIDENT, by imp'd Highflyer, dam by imp'd Venitian 

— Don Carlos — imp'd Ranger — imp'd Dove, &c. 

1805. Isaac Duckett. 

RESTLESS, [Imp^d] a dk. brown sixteen hands high, got by Phenonienon, 

his dam Dutchess, she by Lesang, her dam Caliope by Slouch Oro* 

nooko, &.C. 

Foaled, 1788. Wm. Lightfoot. 
by Virginian, dam Roxana, (formerly Betsy Haxall.) 

Wm. R. Johnson. 
REVENGE, ch. c. by Florizelle, dam Britannia. 

1812. J. Tayloe. 

- — ——or Young Janus, by Sir Archy, dam Frenzy by Gracchus. 

J. Randolph. 
RHODIAN, gr. m. by Ragland's Diomede, Quicksilver, imp'd Pantaloon, 

imp'd Fearnought, &c. 

Halifax Cy. 1816. Robert Easley. 

RHEA, by Chatam, dam by Eclipse, (who was the sire of Brimmer, &c.> 

g. dam by imp'd Shark, g. g. dam by imp'd Silver Eye. 
RICHMOND, ch. c. by Ball's Florizelle, dam Chestnut mare by Diomede. 

<fec. Sold Dr. Thornton. 

1812. J. Wickham. 

RIEGO, bl. h. by Francisco, dam by imp'd Sir Peter Teazle, g. dam imp'd 


Hector Davis. 
RIOT, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam by Burdett 

Richard Long. 
RINALDO, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Miss Ryland by Gracchus. 

J. Randolph. 
RINALDINI, ch. c. by Baronet, dam Temptation by Heath's Childers, 6iA 

«tT,r J,?°^.- Thos. M. Format; 

RIPLEY, ch. by Sir Charles, dam Betsy Robinson by Thaddeus. 

ROAN COLT, [fmp'd] got by Sir Peter Teazle, dam by Mercury, g. dait 

Cytherea by Herod, g. g. dam by Blank, dtc. 
% Foaled, 1802. Imp'd by John McPherson. 

ROANOAKE, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Lady Bunbury by Trumpeter, dtc. 

1817. J. Randolph. 

• g- c. by Magic, dam Johnson's Old Medley mare. 

• ■ John, b. h. by Ravenswood, dam Flora by Am. Eagle. 

-^ Essex, Va. Jefferson Minor. 

KOANOAKA, ch. f. by Ball's Florizelle, dam Cornelia by Chanticleer- 

Vanity by Celer, Slc. 
P__„ 1815. J. Randolph 

ROEBUCK, by Sweeper, (son of Beaver's great Drivw,) dam by imp'd Ba 

■ ^bh. by Fitzhughs' OthellOj dam by imp o Othe.lo. 

1733. Wm. M. Wi'kiMt 

■ I 




ROEBUCK, by Roebuck, (who was got ^X /oweljs Selim, a «^^^^ 

Selim,) dam of Young Roebuck by impM Druid, Shark, Figure, Mark 

e.rVtled, 1810 ,. .^../^^-"-^-^^'^-^ 

ROBLRTBURNS ^^i^;^^]^;^^ .Robert Burns,) g. da^ 

bv imp'd Bedford, Hart's imp'd Medley. 
ROB ROV, cl. h. by Gracchus, dam impM Lady Bunbury.^ Rudolph. 

^by Sir Arcby, dam imp'd Psyche. ^^ ^.^^^^^^ 

gr. h. by Winter's Arabian, dam by Young Baronet, r. dam 

bv impM Damon, Slc. . c^- m. u 

ROBIN 'aDa'iR, by Sir Archy, dam Lady B-^o^^Oy^S^' A«=^';y{,, (Geo.) 

onniM RFHRRFAST Ilmv'd] b. h. by Sir Peler Teazle, his dam Wren 
•"^^'ly^SpeckeT'oLf o?pipillon b'ySnap, (the da,n of Sir Peter Tea- 
X) VV'ooVcker by Herod. Sir Peter by H-ghflyer^Herod. &c^ 

ROBIN GRAY, by imp'd Royalist, dam by Grey Diomede, g. dam by imp'd 

ROBIN^H&b.' a'by Tip^ Sultan, dam Rosalia by imp'd Express. &c 

ROCHESTER, b. c. by Alderman, dam Thresher. 

ROCKINGHAM, b. h. by Old Partner, dara impM Blossom.^^^ ^^^^^^ 

_2!!i-by Sir Archy, dam by Rattler, g. dam by Medley, (lost h.i 
eyes at 2 years old.) j ^ ^^^^ 

RODERICK, by Dare Devil, dam by Bellair, g. dam by yjj^^^*jfj^^^„^^„ 
^ ' h]- Winter Arabian, dam by Lorenxo, g. dam by Blaze, &c. 

RODEmCK DHufrli^t'y *Sir Charles, dam by Bedford, g. dam by Bel 
lair, Shark, Wildair, &c. ^ ^^^^ 

RODERICO, ro. h. by impM Monkey, impjd Silver Eye, ^"ip'd jn^re, &c^ 
RODOLPHO, bl. h. by imp'd Hob or Nob. dam an »"^P'djX VcSe/m^^^^^^^ 

N. Carolma. ..„ n x '^ohnmcueimuv 

ROGER OF THE VALE, (See impM Jolly Roger.) 
ROMAN \ Imp'd] b. h. got by CamiUus, dam by Eagle, g. dam by 1 rumpe 
ROMAN, [im^ c^J^D^ by^Highflyer. g. g.'g. dam by Snap out of MissCleve 

t"^?red\^?N: t\ 1823. ^ ^ S.WiUiam. 

_— — gr. h. by, dam Ariel's dam Empress. 

b. h. by Roman, dam Pinkney's mare. 

•' . Sherman. 

ROMP, b* . t by Leander, dam Rosalia by Express. ^ ^ ^^^^^ 

.... by imp'd xMessenger and full sister to Miller's Damsel. 

- ■' * LivingSton. 

ROMULUS, s. h. by Mark Anthony, dam Pompadour by Valiant— Jenny 
Cameron, &c. Peter Dunn 

^^^-^- ^^i?^,^]iy!^.!J^ i„.pM Ranger, g. dam by Ariel Otheilo 
&.C. 1789. Wm. Mewan. 


ROSA LB A, b. f by Spread Eagle, dam Alexandria. 

1801. .;. Hoomm. 

,- ^by Tiafslgar, dam Rosalba by Spread" Eagle. 

ROSALIA, b. {. by inip'd Express, dam Betsy Bell by Old Cub. 

Thos. M. Forman. 
ROSALIE, gr. f by Knowsley, dam Calypso. 
ROSABELLA, ch. m. by Topgallant, dam by imp'd Play or Pay, g. doin 

by Old Bellair — imp'd Pantaloon — Janus, &c. 

Southampton Cy. Va. 1819. James Rochelle. 

ROSALINDA, gr. m. by Tayloe'a Oscar, dam by imp'd Expedition— imp* J 

Grey Highlander — imp'd Traveller, &,c. 

New Jersey. Jacob Vandyke. 

ROSAMUNDA, b. f. by Bedford, dam Gasteria. 

1804. J. Hoomes. 

ROSEMARY, by imp'd Diomede, dam Celia by Old Wildair, g. dam Lady 

Bolingbroke, &c. 
ROSETTA, by imp'd Centinel, dam Diana by Claudius. 
— by imp'd Dion, dam by imp'd Druid — Old Shark — imp'd Me^ 

ley — imp'd Fearnought, &.C. 
ch. f. by Sir Archy, dam Bet Bounce by Sir Harry. 

— ch. m. by Wilkes' Wonder, dam Rosy Clack by Saltram, &.c 
Tennessee. Lewis J. Polk. 

-by Columbus, dam Lady Northumberland, 
-by Sir Harry, dam Spot by Bedford, &c. 

JtOqUA, by Trafalgar, dam Fancy by Jubilee. 
Hanover, Va. 

N. Berkley 

L. Butler. 

Wm. Dandridge. 
ROSICRUCION, b. c. by Dragon, dam imp'd Anvelina. 

1803. J. B. Richardson. 

ROSY CLACK, by imp'd Saltram, dam Camilla by Wildair. 
ROSY CAREY, by Sir Archy, dam Sally Jones by imp'd Wrangler. 
ROSELLA, b. m. by Obscurity, dam Maggy Lauder. 

1817. Thos. M. Forman. 

ROWENA, br. ni. full sister to Lafayette by Virginian. 

ch. m. by Sumpter, dam Lady Grey by Robin Gray, &c. 

ROXALANA, gr. £ by Selim, (the Arabian,) dam Britannia by Pegasun, 


1806. J. Tayloe. 

ROXANA, by Sir Solomon, dam Aurora. 

by Hephestion, dam by imp'd Archer— Dare Devil, &c. 

by Sir Harry, dam by Saltram, g. dam by Wildair — Fearnought 

—Driver, &,c. 

• blood b. by Gohanna, dam Kitty Clover. 

• or Betsy Haxcn, by Sir Harry, dam the dam of Timoleon by 

Sir Archv, &.c. 
KOYAL CHARLIE, dk. ch. by Arastus, dam Aurelia by Hephestion. 
ROYALIST, [Imp'd] b. h. by Saltram, dam by King Herod, g. dam by 

Marske — Blank — Dizzley Driver — Smiling Tom, &,c 

Foaled, 1790. Died in Tennessee, aged 24. 
ROYAL OAK, bl. h. by imp'd Otheilo, (or Black and All Black.) His dam 

was Dr. Maglaiher's Lovelace by Flying Childers, near the city oi 

Anopolis, his gr. dam an imp'd mare by Bosphorus, &c. 

Salem Cy. New Jersey, 1777. Wm. Riddle. 

RUSTY ROBIN, c. by Diomede, dam by Shark, g. dam Black Eyed Susan, 


Thos ^lood^ 
RULER MARE, [Imp^d] by Ruler, dam by Turk, (he by Rogulus,) g d»ff 
by Snake, &c. 






YLANI), b. c by Roanoake, dam Miss Ryland. 


J. Randolph 

SAT LY BARONET, by Dungannon, dam bv Michau's Celer, 15. dara by 
._^:o:;:^g^TB^^^^^^ da. by I^pM Knowsley, g- dan. by 

BAXTER b f. by Ogle's Oscar, dam Dianora by impM Expedition. 
-^-- BAXTER, D. I ijy ^B » Thos. M. Forman. 

-JuRRiE, cb. m. by Matchless Diomede, (he by impM Diomede,) dam 
by Celer, g. dam by imp'd Shark, &c. __ _ ^ ^ 
-DuFFEE, gr. m. by Diomede, dam Forlorn Hope, &c. ^ ^^^^^.^ 

-Hope, ch. f by Sir Archy, dam a bay mare •J^P'd,^^^""^?.^^^ 
tersb Jre was by Chance, and was own sister to Grimalkm, that 
was so?d Tthe Lnperor of Austria for |7933. her gr. dam by Phe- 

nomenon, &^c. . »t * 

-Hornet, b. f. by Sir Charles, dam by Hornet ^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

:Sr ae^Jln^tTrXa" ',1^'Gor. by i^pM Archduke, 
g. dam I'roserpine by impM Dare Dev.1, &,c. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 


tun^r. b^ m"b", dam by Jack Andrew^imp^d Drive 
—Highflyer, &c. ^ ^ rj,^^,^^^ 

Morris, b. by Superior, dam by Tom Tough-Bedford, &c 

Melville, b. f by Virginian dam Bet Bounce^ 

Nailor, by imp'd Wonder, dam Primrose by Dove. 

ZZS;i^ld^^X^^»'^^^'^'^'"Ol6^^y.r by BeUs,«. A.. 

bian. ^ ,, .• _^ 

Smith bv Virfiinian, dam a Gallatin mare. 

Slouch blm full sister to W. R. Johnson's Star 

IIZWK by imp'd Shark, dam Betsy Pringle by Old Fearnought, dMJ. 

^Taylor, ch. m. full sister of Betsy Robms. ^ ^ ^^ 

S. Carolina. ' * ^ ' 
Trent, ch. m. sister to Gohanna. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

Wilson, br. m. by Blackburn's Whip, dam by Hamiltonian by imp'd 

WKiiHTtby Yorick out of a full bred marc. J- Tayloe- 

JHwalker, by Timoleon, dam by Dragon out of Honeycomb by Jack 
Andrews-Pill Box by Pantaloon, Slc. ^ ^ ^^^.^ 

by Niuckle John, (by Muckle John,) dam Black Eyed Susan by Po- 

tomac. j^ Hcister. 

liALTRAM^TW'Jl dk. b. h. fifteen hands three inches high, (v^^s nc^^ 

^^l^yeaLofd when imp'd,) was got l>y.E^JM^«^,^,»^>« «^f- ^^/(XcSj 
Snap, g. dam by Regulus out of own sistei to Black and All Black, 

«/« «f T"ung's Polly, 4u: ^^^ j^^^ 

toaled, 178U 


imp'd Buzzard, g. dam imp d Syni 

S\LTRAM, 1/ Stirling, dam Marcia by Shark. 

1^^' A»*5x. Spotswood. 

SALADIN, b. c. by Crusader, dam Onea by Dockon. 

l^'^^- _ James Ferguson. 

SALVADOR, l)y Singleton's (Janymede, dam Clio by imp'd Whip, g. dam 

Sultana by Spread P^agie, &c. 
SAMBO, ch. c. by Sir Archy, dam by 

nietry by Trumpeter. 

SAM PATC:H, bv Rob Roy, dam by Telegraph,g.dam by Oscar, g.p- dam 

Ridgley's Primrose. 

SAMSON, bl. h. by Traveller out of a fine English hunting mare. 

1767. John Wormley. 

SANS CULOTTE, ch. s. by Old Celer, dam Logania by imp'd Medley, \fec 

Charlotte Cy. Va. 1H02. Stephen Davis. 

SAPPHO, by Buckskin, dam Duicliess by Hero— Brutus—Tarquin— Old 

Prince, &.C. 


gr. f by Tartar, dam Sultana by Spread Eagle. 

SARAH JANE, ch. m. by Virginian, dam Lady Jane by Potomac. 
SASSAFR.VS, h. c. by Ware's Godolphin, dam Rosalia by Express. 
SATELLITE, by (Citizen, dam an imp'd niare by Waxv, imp'd by Coi 

Bland of Prince George Cy. 
SAUCY PAT, f by Cormorant, dam Minerva. 

Eagle's Nest, 1803. R. Grymes. 

SAXE WIEMAR, full brother to Crusader and Kosciusko. 
SCARIOUS, by Roanoake, dam Miss Peyton. 

1»29. J. Randolph 

SCREAMER, ch f by Henry, dam Lady Lightfoot. 
SfclAGULL, [Imp'd] by Wood|>ecker, dam Middlesex by Snap—Miw 

Cleveland by Regulus out of Midge, 6lc. 

Foaled, 1786. Rush. 

by Sir Archy, dam Nancy Air by Bedford. 

SECOND DIOMEDE. (See Diomede Second.) 
SELAH, dap. gr. by Bussora Arabian, dam by hnp'd Messenger out of • 

full bred mare. 

C. W. Van Ranat 
>ELIMA, by Topgallant, dam Jack Bull by Gabriel. 

T. Murphy. 
g. m. by Spread Eagle, dam Virago by Shark. 

J. Tayloe. 

bl. n. by Old Fearnought, dam imp'd Selima. 

by imp'd Othello, dam imp'd Selima, &C. 

Tulip Hill. Samuel Galloway. 
ch. B. m. by Dandridge's Fearnought, dam by Bolton — Monkey- 
Dart, &c. 

Walter Coin. 

— b. m. by Yorick, dam bl. Selima, (by Fearnought) 

^(Taskkr'b) \Imp\i] was by the Godolphin Arabian, dam by 0\e 

Fox — Flying Childers, Slc, 

Foaled, 1772. 

;-^^ Young. (See Young Selima.) 

SKLIM, [Fmp'if] was by BaJHzet, dam Miss Thign by Rib — Lady Thign&> 

I^ariner— filoody Buttocks — Greyhound — Makelc8»— Brimmer, kA 

Foaled, 1760. 







SEL(M, dk b. h. by Othello, (or Black and All Black,) dam S«lim mmw, 

•, ^ ^Q G alloway. 

Marf let Jlack, bv imp'd Selim— i.npM Hoi) or Nob— iinpM Evai.r 

Stirling— iinp'd Merry Tom— inip'd Bucephalus out of a thoroiig* 

bred mare, &lc. , 

North Carolina. Foaled, 1774. Diea, 1781. 

gr. h. (See Aralwan Selim.) , ^ j , u- 

SENECA, by Old Rattler, dam Cora by Brown s Godolphin. 

Georgetown, D. C. ^ . , G W Peter. 

SENATOR, b. c. by inip'd Paymaster, dam Tulip by Lmdsay s Arabian. 
SEPTIMA, [Imji'd] by Othello, datn Moll Brazen by Shark, &,c. 
SEPTIMUS, ch. c. by Gohanna, dam Vixen by Trafalgar. 
SERAB, llrnp'ii] b> Phantom out of Jesse, by Totteridge, &c. ; her da>ii 

Cmcker by Highflver, out of Nutcracker by Maichenj— Regulus- 

Crab— Childer*— liasto, &.c. o . t r. a 

Foaled, 1821. S. dt I. Coffin 

Sold in England for |14,000. 
SEVERITY, bv Napoleon, dam by Old Pacolet ^ „ 

SHARK, rWVl b. by Marsha, his dam by Shafton's Snap, g. dam 

by Marlborough, (brother to Babraham,) out of a natural barb n.are. 

Foaled, 1771. ., c 

Nottingham near Fredg. Va. 1767. Alex. Spotswood. 

br. h. by Sir Andrew, dam Kilty by impM Whip. 

C. A. Rudd. 

-_ Makk, by imp'd Shark, dam 

1793. •'• Tayloe. 
bl. c. by American Eclipse, dam Lady Eightfoot. 


Mark, ch. by Shark, dam Fetnah by Grey Diomed^— Old Medley. 

E. Branch. 
SHAKSPEARE, dk. br. h. by Baylor's Fearnought, dam Stella by Otl.eJ 

lo, •i-c. _ ^ _ , 

1777 Robert Baylor 

—dap. gr. h. by Baylor's Fearnought, dam imp'd, was by Cub, 

a son of Old Fox, &-c. 

North nnberland, Va. 1776. !'• F. Thornton 

, b. h. by Viriiinlar, dam by Shenandoah, by Potomac. 

SHAWNEE, by Tecumseh^ dam by Citizen, full sister of the dam of Ma 

rion. , . r. , i- 

SHENANDOAH, by Potomac, dam Hill's bay mare by imp'd Febrifuge - 

Grey Dioiiiede — Wildair, 6lc. 
_« _- gr. 0. by Pilgrim, dam Swan by imp'd Eagle 

■\^28. ^* Randolph. 

SHEPHERDESS, bl. m. by Sweeper, (by Hamilton's Figure,) dam bf 

Tasker's Othello— Morton's Traveller, &c. 

jj^29. T. J Hanson. 

^ . ^6. iTi. by Phenomenon, dam by imp'd Diomede— imp'd 

Shark— imp'd Medley, &c. , ^ ^ , 

Rjchard Adams. 

by imp'd Slim, dam Shrewsbury by Old Figure, g. dam 

by Dove— Selima by Othello, 6lc. 

New York. 
oHOCK, [Imp'd] b. h. by Jig, dam by Snake, Grey Wilkes by Hautboy, 

Miss D'Arcy's Pet mai«, daughter of Sedbury Royal marc. 

Foaled, 1729. 
8H0VVM.\N, by imp'd Fearnought, dam imp'd Jenny Disn'ai 

SHREWSBURY, by Hamilton's Figure, dam Thistle by imp'd Dove c. 
dam Stella by imp'd Othello. ' *^ 

-N^N, br. by Bajazett, dam by Lloyd's Traveller, g. dam imp'd 

mare by Babraham. *^ 

1784. "P. M. Forman 

SHYLOCK, b. h. by imp'd Bedford, diwn by Old Diomede, g. dam by imp'd 
St George, Fearnought, 7 oily Roger, &c. 

»T u o. , , . Edm. Jrby. 

-— -Mare, by Shylock, dam by Sting, g. dam Cades by Wormley'i 

King Hero(1 by imp'd Fearnought, Slc. 
lAMET, br. b. by Virginian, dam Udy Burton by Sir Archy, &c. 

S. Davenport 


Foaled, 1825. 
SIGNORA, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Miss Peyton. 

SILK STOCKINGS, ch. h. by Ogle's Oscar, dam Maria Slamerkin by First 

SILVER, [Imp'd] dap. gr. by Mercury, (who was by Fxlipse,) dam by He- 

rod,g. dam Young Hag by Skim, Crab, Childers, Basto, &c. (Did 

not succeed as a stallion.) 

m« , , « John Drew. 
Mark, [Imp'd] by Belsize Arabian. 

Surry Cy. Va. y^^^ Evans 

SILVER EYE, [Imp'd] got by CuUen Arabian, dam by Curwen's Bay 

Barb, Curwen Spot, White Leggs, &,c. 

.... , , ^ • Duvall. 

SILVLK LbGGS, by Morton's Traveller, dam Jenny Cameron, <tc. 

SILVER HEELS, dap. gr. by Ogle's Oscar, dam Pandora by Grey Dio 
mede. "^ 

u T u o ._ . . ^^^^ Wright 

oy John Richards, dam by Sir Solomon, g. dam Trumpeter. 

N. J. 1828. J. Davison. 

• by Jolly Friar, Whitacre's Mark Anthony, Lee's Old Mark 

Anthony, Spadille, imp'd mare. 
SILVER TAIL, by imp'd Clockfasi, dam Young Primrose by Wormlev'e 

King Herod, &^c. 
• by Sir Archy, dam Coquette. 

1829. Tho8. Branch. 

• by Old Tanner, dam by Selim, Pantou's Arabian, &c. 


SIR ARCHY, or ROBERT BURNS, b. h. by Old Diomede, dam imp'd Cas- 

. J. Tayloe. 

Archy, jun. b. h. by Sir Archy, dam by Albemarle, (fon of Diomeu*! 

out of Penelope by Shark. 

• Ahchv, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Transport by Virgi. lus, &c. 

';^^'""cky. WUliam Dickey 

-Archy Vouko, (See Young Sir Archy.) 

■Archy, (Moore's,) by Amis' Old Sir Archy, dam by LiiUe Drivei. 
imp'd Bay R.chiiiond, Janus mare, Slc. 
Archy Mo.ntario, by Sir Archy, dam Trai. sport by Virgin.xit 
-Aaron, ch. c by Tormentor, dam by Revenge. 

. Parker. 

-ANDRfcw, gr. by Marske, (by Old Diomede,) dam Virago by imp'a 

Whip, Partner, Slc. -^ j r 

(Jooig.a, 1816. »oIin Tboiuaf. 







SIF ANDREW o" c. by Thomas' Sir Andrew, dam Black Eyed Si win by 

p t M/» lo2o. 
Arthur, by Sir Archy, (Old,) dam Green's Old ^^»" j^^^^J^^^^^^ 

Arthur Mare, ch. by Sir Arthur, dam Sally Nailor. 

Albfrt bv Rattler, dam Laura by Col. Lear's imp'd Barb horse. 
ZIZalfr^d; g^ by Sir Andrew, dam"^ Lady Alfred, (Haxall's) dam d 

^'^'^^y* ^^- George A. Rudd. 
Alfred, b. by Sir Harry, dam Lady Chesterfield. ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

Alfred Yocng, (See Young Sir Alfred.) ^ „ , , . , , p 

BoLiNGBROKE, by Sclden's Old Superior, dam by Hyde's mip'd Pre 

tender. Highflyer, Shark, &c. ^ ^^^^^^^ 

Charles Pinckney, by Sir Charles, dam Pawnee. 

Charles, ch. by Sir Archy, (Old,) dam by'd Citizen, g. dam b) 

Commutation, imp'd Dare Devil, imp'd Shark, '"^^^ ^^'y^^jj'^'^*'^^ 

Charles, ch. by Duroc, dam Maria Slamerkin. 

CHARLE3 by Robin Adair, dam Black Eyed Susan by Potomac, &c 

' •' James Hester. 

Dudley, ch. c. by Rob Roy, dam an Oscar mare. 

' •' - — Simmes. 

Hal. br. by imp'd Sir Harry, dam by imp'd Sallram, g. dam by 

imp'd Medley, Young Aristotle, Slc. u Air ^ 

H^RRY, llmM br. by Sir Peter Teazle out of Matron by Alfred, g. 

dam (dam of "Pilot,) by Marske, Regulus, Steady, Palmer, Grey 
hound, &,c. foaled, 1794. 

Petersburg. ^ . ,. n;r • ^^'V^^^\ 
Harry, ch. by Bussora Arabian, dam mip'd Maria by imp'd Lively. 

Selim,&c. VaiiRansU 
Harry, by Diomede, dam by Obscurity. 

Halifax. iNelmes. 

Henry, by Pacolet, dam Madam Tonson. , „ „ . , 

Henry, by Sir Archy, dam by Diomede— Bellona by Bellair, &c. 

Humphrey, by Old Tuckahoe, dam the dam of Maryland Eclipse. 

James, dk. bl. b. by Sir Archy, dam by Diomede, Pilgrim, Old Fear 

. John Moore, by Young Bedford, dam by Meltar, g. dam Betsy Bt 

ker by Medley, &c. . , , ^ ,. 

■LovELL, b. h. by Duroc, dam Light Infantry by Messenger. 

PtTKR Teazle, [Imp'd] b. h. by Old Sir P. Teazle, dam Lucy by Con 

ductor. Spectator, Blank, Flying Childers,&c. . . m 
Peter, by imp'd Knowsley, dam by Bellair, W ildair. Vampire, imp d 

Kitty Fisher, dtc. , , j r^u . c i j 

. Peter, br. h. by John Stanley, dam Lady Chesterfield. 

Peyton, by Shylock, dam by Citizen. 

Robin, by imp'd Robin Redbreast, dam by imp'd Dare Devil, Shark, 

rITha^rd, gr. h. full brother to Monsieur Tonson by Pacolet, <&c. 

Tennessee, 1830. , ^ ^ Thos. Forall 

Richard, by Sir Archy, dam Lady Jane, g. dam Anvelina. 

— Soi,omon, by imp'd Tickle Toby, dam Vesta by Dreadnought, Clock 

fast, iLC. DieJ 1829. Ayi„.Um 

jyQ^ J a men Mac Klin 

—^—Solomon Youn«, (See Young Sir Solomon.) 

SIR WILLIAM, by Amazon, dam Black Eyed Susan by Potomac, &c. 

VV»LLiAM,ch.Jh. (Clay's) by Sir Archy, dam by Bellair, g. dam by PU 

grim, &.C. 

L. Long. 
William, by Sir Archy, dam Transport by Virginius, &c. 

«r m«r ^ r, ^-^ Richardsoft. 

William Wallace, by Sumpter, dam by Whip (of Keiity.) 

— Wm. Wallace., ch. h. by Oscar, dam — 

Van IVTeter 

^Wm. Wallace, by Kosciusko, dam Piamingo, her dam Lee's 6 J 

Va. mare. 

Kentucky. E. M. Blackburn. 

SIMON PURE, bl. h. by Sir Archy, dam Philadelphia. 

J. Randolph. 
SKIM, (Alias Farmer or Lord Portmores' Skim,) [Imp'd] gr. by Slarlir.g 

out of Miss Mayes by Bartlet's Childers. 

Foaled, 1746. 
SKY LEAPER, br. b. by Sir James, dam Vixen by Trafalgar. 

ScRAPEB, by Lamplighter, dam Miss Doe. 

- Aliens 
SLAMERKIN, (See Maria Slamerkin and Maggy Slamerkin.) 
SLFNDER, [Imp\l] b. by King Herod, dam Rachel by Blank, g. dam bf 

Regulus, Sore Heels by Baslo, Makeless, <fcc. Foaled, 1779. 

Sans Souci, N. Y. 

b. m. by Sir Charles, dam Reality by Sii Archy. 

__,-_ __ ,-^ , W.R.Johnson. 

bLlM, {Imp'd] a dk. ch. by Wildman's Babraham, dam by Roger's Babra 

ham, g. dam by Sedbury out of Ebony, <fec. 

Marcus Hook, N. Y. 1775. A. Dick 

SLOVEN, {Imp'd] bl. h. foaled 1756 by Cub, dam by Bolton Sterling, Go- 

dolphin Arabian, Bonny Black, &,c. 
SLOE, by imp'd Partner, dam (Nelson's) imp'd Blossom. 

Thos. M. Forman. 
&LIP JOINT, b. c. by Messenger, dam Temptation, g. dam by Heaili't 

Childers, &.c. 
SMILAX, ch. m. by Grey Diomede, dam Atalanta by Old Medley. 

SMILING BILLY, by Ariel, dam by Tasker's Othello, g. dam by Spark, 

1767. n^ Duvall. 

SMILING TOM, ch. %, by Coeur de Lion, dam Betsy Baker by imp'd 
Spark, (fee. jgotj. 

" — ~by Tom Jones out of an imp'd mare. 

1775. ^ 

SNAP, by imp'd Figure, dam Gen. Herd's Nettle. 

SNAP DRAGON, br. h. by Collector, dam by Fearnought, Spadille, Fa 
bricius, dec. 

«VTD ^°*^®u' l^^^-^- J- Tayloe. 

SNIP, gr. c. by Roanoake, dam Blue Ruin. 

*■ -by Oscar, dam Britannia, &.C. 

SNOW STORM, b. h. by Contention, dam Roxana by Sir Harry, g. dair 
by Saltram, Wildair, Fearnought, &,c. 

cr^r r^,r*^*'®^' ^^^' ^' Warficld, (Keiity.) 

SOIJ)ILR, ch. c. by Bedford, dani Raffle by BeJlair. 

IWW ; Hoomet 






SOPHY WINN, b. m. by Blackburn's Whip, Ham by Buroard, g. dam by 
Columbus, Celer, &c. ^ Wwfield. 

50URKK0UT, [Imp^d] b. by Highflyer, dam Juvell by Squirrel, Sophia by 
Blank, out of Lord Leigh's Diana by Second, &c. Foaled, m 1786. 
Stood in Tennessee. „ , v 

SOUTHERN ECLIPSE, (See Eclipse Southern.) a«„oi;.« K. 

SPADILLE, [Imp'd] by Highflyer, dam Flora by Squirrel, Angelica by 

Snap, Regulus, Bartlel's Childers, &c. 


..— by Janus, dam an imp'd mare. , „ -^ j u 

SPANG LOSS, by (Winsion»s) Junius, dam by Jolly Roger, g. dam b^ 

Fearnought, &x. ^^^. ^^^^^^ 

SPARK, f Imp'd] was imp'd by Gov. Ogle, and given to him by Lord Balti 
more, who received him as a present from i rederick, Prmce o. 
Wales; Spark's dam was Miss Colvill. r.- i 

SPANKING ROGER, by Jolly Roger, dam imp'd Jenny Dismal. 

SPECIMEN, by Old Fearnought out of Jenny Dismal. 

SPECULATOR, I Imp'd] br. h. by Dragon, dam sister to Stmg by King He- 
rod, g. dam Florizelle's dam by Cygnet, g. g. dam by Cartouch, g. g. 
0. dam Ebony by Childers, &c. toaled, 1795. 
Kentucky K. J. B. 

_« (Late Confessor,) by Shark, dam Fluvia by Partner, <fcc. 

1795. ^- Tayloe. 

SPIRANZA, own sister to Saltram by Eclipse, 

SPOT, [lmp*d] (See Young Spot.) 

by Apollo, dam Jenny Cameron. 

__^ ch. c. by Shylock, dam by Buzzard, g. dam by imp'd Symrae 

try, &c. , , »,/. J 

-by Bedford, dam by Cade, g. dam an Alfred maio 

SPOT MAKE, [Imp^d] gr. by Lockhart's Grey Spot, dam by Trave ler, g. 

dam by Sedbury, Cartouch, Bartlett's Childers, &c. Imp d 1765. 

South River. . o • ^''^''^S'T 

SPORTSMAN, b. h. by Bussora Arabian, dam SportmisUess by Hickory, 

Boston Ed. Eldridge. 

. ^bl. h. by Galloway's Selim, dam by imp'd Dove, g. dam by 

Othello out of Tasker'sSelima. 

Prh.ce George Cy. Maryland. , u ^^/t ** 

SPORTMISTRESS, g. m. by Hickory, dam Miller's Damsel by Messenger, 

Quiens Cy. N. Y. 1818. ^ ^ ^ Thos. Pearsall. 

SPREAD EAGLE, [Imp'd] by Volnnteer, (one of the best sons ol Ej'hpf x' 

his dam by Highflyer, Engineer, Cade, Lass of the Mill by Old In 

Teller, Young Greyhound, &c. Foaled, 1792. 

Bowling Green, Va. J- Hoomes. 

SPRITE ch. f by Sir Wilnam, dam Maria Archy. _ 

SPRING HILL, by Sir Archy, dam Miss Monroe by Precipitate, &c. 
SQUIRTILLA, b. f. by Boxer, dam Louisa by Eclipse. 

1796. •'• i^y*^ 

STAFFORD, (Sec Rattler, alias Stafford.) 
STANLEY, by Sober John, dam imp'd mare. 
STANDARD, b. c. by Sir Archy, dam an Archy mare. 

^jj2y Wray <fc Sim Die. 

STAR, \Mcn dk. b. by Highflyer, dam by Snap, g. dain by R'ddle by 

Matchem. Foaled 1785 Died 1811. 

STAR, bl. h. by Virginian, dam Roxana by Sir Harr>. 

Wm. R. Jobnson. 
STATELY, by biip'd Sober John, dam imp'd Strawberry. 
STATIRA, [Imp'd] ch. m. by Alexander the Great, (sister to Lycurgus by 

Buzzard,) Rose by Sweelbrier— Merleton by Snap. 

Foaled, 1809. j. Randolph. 

STELLA, b. f by Marplot, dam Betsy Baker. 

. by Tasker's Othello, dam Selima, (sister of Galloway's Selim.) 

STERNE'S MARIA, by (Gibbe') Carlo, dam by Ridgley's Cincinnatus—K 

Beard's Badger out of Black Snake, <fec. 
STEUBEN, by Kosciusko, dam Irvina by Virginian— Pandora by Bellair, 


1^25. J. Ferguson. 

STOCKHOLDER, b. by Sir Archy, dam by Citizen— imp'd Stirling— Har- 

ris' Eclipse, d:,c. 

_ b. h. by Stockholder, dam Bryant's Diomede mare. 

Mare, by Stockholder, dam Pantaloon, g. dam by Magog, &,c. 

STORM, b. c by Cormorant, dam Darlington mare by Darlington, Slc. 

1799. J. Hooines. 

St. GEORGE, [Imp'd] br. b. fifteen hands three inches high, foaled 1789, 

was got by Highflyer, dam by Eclipse— Miss Spindle Shanks bv 

Oman — Godolphin Arabian, &,c. 
St. TAMMANY, full brother to Florizelle. 

Alex. F.'Rose. 
St NI'CLAUS, b. c. by Roanoake, dam the dam of Arch Dutchess. 

J. Randolph. 
St. PAUL, [Imp'd] ch. h. by Saltrain, dam Purity by Matchem, out of the 
Old Squirt mare. 

Foaled in 1791. Imp'd to Va. 1804. Harris. 

STING, by Jack Andrews, dam Marigold by Dungannon, out of a thorough 

bred mare. 
STIRLING, [Imp'd] b. h. by Volunteer, dam Harriet by Highflyer, g. dam 
by Young Cade, g. g. dam Childeikin by Second, out of the dam ol 
Old Snap, 6lc. 
Foaled, 1792. J. Hoomes. 

[Imp'd] dap. gr. by the Belsize Arabian out of Mr. Simpson's 

Snake mare, she by Snake out of the Duke of Cumberland's famoui 

mare, dam of Cato, 6lc. Foaled, 1762. 

Surry County, Va. 1768. Wm. Evans. 

b. h. by Carroll's Badger, dam Darnell's Primrose. 

Bait. 1787. Wm. Patterson 

Mare, by Stirling, darn imp'd Mambrino. 

J. Ferguson. 
STRAP, [Imp'd] b. h. by Bennington, dam by Highflyer— Tattler— Snif\ 
&,c. Foaled, 1800. 

North Carolina, 1808. H. Cotton. 

STRETCH, gr. f. by Pot8o8, dam Threshei by Shark. 
STUMP THE DEALER, by Old Diomede, dain by Shark 

1804. Thos. Hamlin. 

— «-'~- by Bryan O'Lynn, dam by Grey Diomede — 0\e 

Wildair — Spadille— -Old Janus, &c. 
SUKEY TAWDRY, b. f by imp'd Stirling, dam Nancy Medley. 

King Geo. Va. 1800. Charles Stuart 

SULTANA, by Black Sultan, dam Barb mare. 

J. W. Eppe« 

— — by Spread Eagle, dam Orelia by Peicy. 

S. Carolina. Riih. A. Ra|ile> 







, ,.f.ij • DelancT. ' 

rUWTKR:lir;srArchy,da.hy Robm Redbreast, own .o U- 

dam of Kauler— Flying Childers, &,c. 
SUPERIOR, by (Cook's) Whip, dam . tn.on mare. ^ ^ Blackburn. 

I^b.t^'by imp'd Diomede, dam Lady Bolingbroke, ^ ^^^^^ 

IfilislAKE, gr. by Superior, dam by Quicksilver, g. dam by imp'd 

Shark, &c. p ^ Dickinson. 

SURPrTsE Jy Sid'"' Solomon, d.m Potter's Oscar, Jun. by Ogle's 0. 

^ft-ch. c. by Americus, dam Calypso. ^^ ^^^^^^ 

SOSAN,''ct'm.'by Bond's Sir Solomon, dam Columbia by imp'd Baronet 
SUSAn"1?A VOUmTElgr m^y Sir Hal, dam Wynnes' Young Favourite 
SUSAN'MSt m. by (Cook's) Whip, dam by Buzzard, g. dam Por- 
SUSANNt'XrbV'tnome' dan, by imp'd Knowsley. g. dam by Box- 
er-Syn.mes' VVildair-Old Janufc ^^ ^ ^^^j^^ 

SUSSEX, by Sir Charles, dam a Sir Harry '"'^'''-'""'j^'^'^^Z'' 
SUWaIrROW, b. by Columbus, dam by imp'd Venitian-imp'd Figure- 
SWEE^rby"4MTgu;^,^n by Tasker's Othello-Morton's Travel- 

ler-Tasker's Selmia, &c. Joseph Pierce. 

SWEeWnI'c?^ f. i;"&°a^i^V.pse, dam Mari.^Slamerkin,^^^. 

SWEET "uRRVrb/fpadille, dam by Janus, g. dam by Jolly Roger- 

SWFFTKST WHEN NAKED, gr. m. by Tattersall' s Highflyer in Ensland. 
-'^'^'^Jam gr.TvfrHgo. imp'd'by Mr' Hyde (She was foaled m An.e- 
rica, Ind bred by Alexander Spotswood.) ^ ^^^^^ 

SYLVIA b. f. by Spencer's Moreau, dam Romp by Leander. 

SYLPH, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Witch. Randolph. 

SYREN, ch. f. by Silver, da'ii Caroline by Eclipse. 

King Herod. . o n-.^.^n^ow. 

b. f. by Gibbs' Flimnap, dtm Bnhiaiit mare. 



>.r,MA, gr. c. b5 Henry, dam Sj^'^ -^'^ '^,^1^^^^^^ ^^ ^^ Godal 
I'ANNER, |/»m>;<i] dk. b. h. Dy Cadi, i^ ^i ♦•*>« *>eg. Mjns oi tic 

Dan Wol«l^»boli^ 


TANNER, by imp'd Tanner, dam Camilla by Othello 
TAKE IN, b, c. by Gracchus, dam Young Frenzy. 

^^^^' ^ J- '*tn RanJolpQ. 

TALLY HO, by Tuckahoe, dam by imp'd Diomede. 
TARIFF, dk. b by Sir Archy, dam Bet Bounce. 

Wm. R. Johnson. 
TARTAR, g. c. by Winter Arabian, dam Young Buzzard mare. 
by Diomede, dam by Celer, g. dam by imp*b Bay Richmond. 

Amelia, Va. James Hill. 

. b. c. by Bedford, dam Atalanta by Dictator. 

Foaled, 1805. 
Mare, by Flimnap, dam by Old Pharaoh, g. dam impM by M. 

Fenwicks, sen. got by Tartar — Young Sweepstakes. 

Foaled, 1780. Edw. Fenwick. 

TECUMSEH, by Sir Archy, dam the imp'd Gamenut mare out of AUr 

grante by Pegasus. 

A. J. Davie. 
. by Rob Roy, dam Thistle by Oscar. 

■ Dixon. 
- by Florizelle. 

TELEGRAPH, [Imp'd] br. h. by Sir Peter Teazle, dam Fame by Panta 

# loon out of the dam of Diomede by Spectator, &,c. 

Foaled, 1 795. Baldock. 

-b. h. by Lamplighter, dam by Old Wildair, g. dam by Rock 

ingham, Slc. 

King Wm. Cy. Va. 1800 

Wm. Anderson. 

by Old Wildair, dam Lagonia by Medley. 

J. Randolph, 
-ly imp'd Spread Eagle, dam imp'd Janette by Precipiiati^ 

|jnir Arabian. 
17«i. Marvland 

TELEMACHUS. by Old Diomede, dam by imp'd Dare Devil, g. dam by 

Commutation— Damon, &c. 

Brunswick, Va.. Merritt. 

ch. by Dungannon, (by Bedf^^d,) dam by Lawrence's Dio- 
mede — Paris-^Glodius, &c. 
TEMPTATION, b. by Heath's Childers, dam Maggy Lauder by imp'd 

Fearnought, 6lc. 

1786. T. M. Forman. 

TERROR, by Janus — Mark Anthony--out of an imp'd mare. 
• br. c. by American Eclipse, dam Lady Lightfoot. 

1829. Stephens. 

THADDEUS, by Ball's Florizelle, dam Dare Devil mare, g. dam bv Old 

Wildair, dtc. Edm. Irby. 

THALESTRIS, gr. f by Elliot's Jerry, dam Cornelia Bedford by the Duk« 

of Bedford, Slc. 
THISTLE, by imp'd Dove, dam Stella by imp'd Othello, g. d. Taskcr • 

ch. m. by Oscar, dam by imp'd Clifden. 

Pr. Geo. Maryland. E. B. Duvati 

THOR, b. h. by Diomede, dam by Wildair, g. dam by Clockfast. &.c. 

Philip Rodgers. 
THORN, b. c. bv Sir James, dam Nettletop. 
THORNTON MEDLEY. (See Medley Thornton.) 
THRESHER, gr. m. full sister to Opossum. 

Messrs. Tayloe*. 
TIB, by Sir Archy, dam by Old Celer, g. dam by Clodius, g. ,;. oaa? ui 

imp'd Fearnouj^ht, Slc. 



TICHICUS, sli. c. by Clifton, dam Mies Chance by Chance, <kc. 
TICKLE TOBY, [Imp'd] br. foaled 1785, got by Alfred, dam Cehaby H«- 

rod, out of Proserpine by Marske, &c. 
TIMOLEON, ch. c by Sir Archy, dam by imp'd Saltram— Old Wridaii-- 

Driver, &c. 
^ bv Grey Diomede, dam Bonny Lass. 

(Called Timoleon of Maryland.) 1830. W. Townes. 

TIGER, by (Cook's) Whip, dam by Paragon, imp*d Figure, &c. 
TIPPOO SAIB, gr. h. by Old Messenger, dam impM mare — (Thompson's) 

... by Lath, dam Brandon by Aristotle, &C. 


by Lindsay's Arabian, dam Lady Bolingbroke. 

-Sultan, b. h. by Tippoo Saib, dam Roseita by Bajawett. 

TOBY, [Imp'd] ch. h. by Old Janus— Old Fox— Bald Galloway, dtc. To- 

by was iiiU brother to Old Janus, &.C. 

N. Carolina. Col. Alston. 

b c. by Cannon's Ranger, dam Sally Baxter. 

^322. 'j^* ^' Forman. 

1X)KEAH ch f by (Dr. Thornton's) Don Juan by Rattler, dam Frederica 

uy Escape, (Horn's.) ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

r K. b. m. by a son of imp'd Wonder, dam Smilax. 

•jgjg^ James Blick. 

rOMASlA* by Young Alfred, dam oy Old Tom Tough— Lamplighter, &,c. 
rOM JONES, [Imp'd^ gr. h. fifteen hands high, by Croft's Partner— True 

Blue — Cyprus Arabian. Foaled, 1745. 

Richmond County, Va. Sir M Beckwith. 

^y imp'd Tom Jones, dam Betsy Blaiella by Blaxe, &c. 

Maryland, 1764 

TOM, by imp'd Eclipse, dam an imp'd mare. 

Richard Hall. 
TOM TOUGH, ch. c. by imp'd Escape, (Horn's,) dam Fairy by Bedford, 

. Mauf, by Tom Tough, dam by Lawrence's Diomede, g. 

dam by Lamplighter, 6lc. 
rOM TACKLE, br. c by Archduke, dam Fairy by Bedford. 

TOM PIPER, by Janus, dam Ethiopia by Bedford, (he by Teller's Bed- 
ford,) g. dam by imp'd Bedford. 
TOOTH DRAWER, b. c. by Dare Devil, dam Virginia by Medley, Slc. 

J. Hooines. 

TOPAZ, ch. c. by Rob Roy, dam Flora by Ball's Fleriselle. 

1JJ26. Joseph Lewis. 

fj c. by Roanoake, dam Jet. 
;i828. John Randolph. 

TOPGALLANT, b. h. by imp'd Diomede, dam by Shark—Harris' Eclipse 
— Mark Anthony — Janus, &x;. 
Foaled, 1800. J. Tayloe. 

h by Topgallant, dam by Old Wildair— imp'd Black and 
All Black, (or Othello.) 

-by imp'd Druid, dam by Bedford, (sire of Rosabella.) 

TORPEDO, by Sir Alfred, dam by Potomac out of jj^e dam of Madison 

and Monroe. 
TOUCHSTONE, [Imp'd] by Clothier, (by Matchem) out of Beihell's mare 

Rial — Riot by Reguhis — Matchem by Cade out of a l*i\/tnei mare, 

Slc. dam's side not gi?en. 


TRANSPORT, br. Ii. by Virginius, dam Nancy Air. 

1812. J. B. Richardson 

TRAFALGAR, by imp'd Mufti, dam Calypso, sister of Bellair. 

Lewis Berkler. 
TRAFFIC, g. by Sir Charles, dam Sally Brown. 

Thomas Doswell. 
TRAVELLER, (Morton's) [Imp'd] b. h. by Partner, who was a gmmisoi^ 

of the Byerly Turk— Traveller's dam was by Bloody Buttocks, an 

Arabian, Greyhound, Makeless, Slc. 

Richmond Cy. Va. 1754. Foaled, 1748. 

— (Strange's,) [Imp'd] was by Eclipse, see Charlemoiit, &c. 

(Lloyd's,) by Morton's Traveller, dam Jenny Cameron 

. (Southall's,) b. h. by Burwell's Traveller, dam an imp'd 


(Burwell's,) by Morton's Traveller, dam by Janus, Lycur^ 
gus, 6lc. 

ch. h. by Sir Charles, dam by Sir Archy, g. dam Whaley'i 

imp'd Sunflower 

(Young,) by Morton's Traveller, dam Miss Colville. 

1761. Col. Tasker. 

TROUBLE^ ch. c. by Duroc, dam Sportmistress, &C. 


TROUBLESOME, b. c. by Monsieur, dam Jenny by Archduke. 
TRIPS Y, by Figure, dam Homespun by Romulus, Venus by Hero, &c. 

TRIMMER, by Hall's Eclipse, dam by imp'd Slim, Old Figure, &c. 

Prince Geor^^e, Md. 1791. Wm. Lyles 

TRISTRAM SHANDY, by Morton's Traveller, dam by Old Janus out o« 

a fine English mare. 

Caroline Cy. Va. 1777. James Upshaw. 

TRUE WHIG, by Fitzhughs' Regulus dam, dam of Apollo. 
TRUE BLUE, [Imp'd] b. h. by Walnut, dam by King Fergus, Celiaby He- 

rod out of Proserpine by Marske. 

Foaled, 1785. James Turner 

— — — ch. by Tormentor, dam by Expedition, Sir Solomon, Hone«T 

John, Messenger, ^c. 
TRUE BRITON, b. by Tasker's Othello, dam Milley by Spark, and wai 

full sister to Col. Hopper's Pacolet, her dam Queen Mab. 

TRUFFLE YOUNG, (See Young Truffle.) 
TRUMPETTA, [Imp'd] b. m. by Trumpator, dam by Highflyer, g. dam by 

Eclipse out of Vauxhall's dam, who was by Young Cade. 

Foaled, 1797. J. Tayloe 

-by Hephestion, dam Peggy by Bedford, g. dam imp'd Pegg? 
by Trumpator, 6lc. 
TRUMPATOR, b. c. by Dragon, dam imp'd Trumpetta. 

1804. J. Tayloe, 

———by Sir Solomon, dam by Hickory, g. dam imp'd Trumpetta. 
Kentucky, 1829. Samuel Davenpoit. 

TRUMP, ch. c. by Janus, dam Last Chance. 

J. Randolph, 
TRUXTON, b. c. by Old Diomede, dam Nancy Coleman. 

Andrew Jackson 
TRY ALL, by Morton's Traveller, dam Blazella. 
'''RY, b. m. 'jy imp'd Wonder out of a Chanticleer mare. 

J. M. S«lo«« 







rUCKAlIOE, by Floriielle, dam oy impM Alderman, g. dam by Clott 

Va 'm? ^- Wickham. 

b h. by Tuckahoe, dam by imp^d Expedition, impM SlenJw, 

S^Jersf "^^' ^^- Corns. Cruser. 

TUBERbsE,^h. f. by Timoleon, (sire of Sally Walker,) dam Rhodian by 

Radland's Dioinede, (fcc. s •, u • »j n.u<iUo. 

TULIP, ch. by Lindsay's White Arabian, (Ranger,) dam by imp d Othello, 

g. dam'by Gorge's Juniper, &c. 

_ch. f. by Alexander, dam Maria Archy. 

TURK, bl. c. by Arab, dam by Floriselle, g. dam Maria by Bay Yankee. 

TUP, \lmp'd\ b. h. by Javelin, dam Flavia by Plunder, out of MibS Eustace 

oy Snap, A-c. 

Foaled, 1796. « . .. , u t 

TWIG, by imp'd Janus, dam Puckett's Switch, also ^^^jf^^lJ^'g Hudson 


UNCAS, ch. c. by Sir Archy Montario, dam ^eocadia by^Vigmius.^^^ 

-ch. c. by Stockholder, dam by Powhatan. 

1827 ahelby. 

UNION, (Hall's,) by imp'd Slim, dam by imp'd Figure by Dove by Othello, 

out of Tasker's Selima. ^^ Hamilton. 

. ^(Chesley's,) b. h. by Shakspeare, dam by Nonpareil g. dam 

bv Morton's Traveller, &c. ^ ^ ^ • »j 

UNCLE SAM, b. by John Richards, dam Sally Baxter by Oscar, impd 

Expedition, Old Cub. ^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

UPTON, b.'c. by May Day, dam Jesse by Telegraph. ^ ^ ^ ^^^^^ 


VALERIA, b. f by Monsieur Tonson, dam Betsy Wilkes, &c. 

■jooc) vj" A. Dianey. 

VALENTINE, Umfd] by Magistrate, dam Miss Forester by Diomede, 

A exander, the Ln of Captain Absolute by Sweet W.lUm. 

1826 Thomas Connagh. ^ 

VALIANT," [Imp'd] got by Dormouse, dam by Crab, Partner, out of Thwait'i 

V AR1ETY,T f. by Wilkes' Potomac, dam Dutchess by Bedford, g. dam 

VAMPIRE,\/m;>'fiJ by Regulus, dam by Steady, son of Flying Childers, 


Foaled, 1757. •.■r-u • 

^^ _b. c. by Bedford, dam Britannia by Wildair. 

VANITY, b. t. by Sir Archy, dam by Old Medley, (full sister of R^lity.) 

(broke her neck on New Market track.) o^^r k.;«m 

..J b. m. by Celer. dam by Mark Anthony, Jolly Rogpi biivw 

Eye, d^c. 

VANSICKLER, (Bela Richards',) b. e. by John Richards, dam Covert 

mare by Am. Eclipse. 
VAN TROMP, by Sir Hal, dam by Coeur de Lion. 

Gen. R. Eaton. 
VEIXX3ITY, by Rob Roy, dam Simmes' (Mab) bay mare by Ogle's Oscar, 

.g. dam Edelin's Floretto, &,c. 

1827. ■ Simms. 

VILLAGE MAID, full sister to White Stockings by Silver Heels. 
VENITIAN, ch. h. by Rob Roy, dam Maid of Patuxent by imp'd Magic, 

g. dam Kitty Fox by Fox, and he by imp'd Venitian, &c. 
— [Imp'^d] b. c. by Doge, dam by Malchem, her dam by Small 

Bones, sister to Squirrel. 

Foaled in 1774. 

N. B. This horse was sent back to England. 
VESTA, by Dreadnought, dam by Clockfast, Americus, Traveller, &-c. 
VESTAL, dk. br. f by Monsieur Tonson, dam Fair Forester by imp'd 

Chance, dtc. 
VETO, ch. c. by Contention, dam Columbia by Sir Archy. 
VICTOR, ch. by Contention, dam by Minor's Escape, g. dam by Sans Cu 

lotte, Mahomet out of a thorough bred mare. 
VICTORIOUS, by imp'd Fearnought, dam by Clevis, (he by Fearnought,) 

g. dam by Hunting Squirrel. Imp'd by Gen. Nelson. 
VIGNETTE, ch. f by Sir Richard, (by Sir Archy,) dam Desdemona by 

Virginius, &,c. 

J. B. Richardson. 
VIOLET FAME, by Contention, dam by Tom Tough, her g. dam by 

Strange's Traveller out of a full bred Wildair mare. 
VINCENTA, by imp'd Messenger, dam by imp'd Slender, g. dam by imp'd 

Lath, &c. 
VIOLA, gr. f by Gallatin, dam Clio by imp'd Whip. 

1820. Wade Hampton. 

VIOLANTE, ch. f by imp'd Young Peter Teazle, dam Selima by Spread 

Eagle, &,c. 1809. J. Tayloe. 

VINTZ UN, by imp'd Diomede, dam Maria by Clockfast, Maria by Regu 

lus, &.C. 

(Sold for |2,750.) Gov. Lloyd. 

VIRAGO, [Imp'd] by Star, dam Virago by Panton's Arabian out of Ciasy 

by Lath, which was sister to Snip, &,c. 

Orange Cy. Va. Robert Young. 

— — ch. m.. by imp'd Shark, dam imp'd Virago. 

Foaled, 1791. J. Tayloe. 
— ch. m. by Wildair, (who was by Ajax,) dam by imp'd Ham 

iltori, g. dam by Spread Eagle, <fec. 

A. F. Ros«. 
by imp'd Whip, dam by Partner a full brother to Thomai^ 

Queen of May, and out of a mare by imp'd Shark, &c 

Mann. Page. 
VIRGO, br. f by inip'd Sir Peter Teazle, dam Castianira. 

J. Tayloe. 
VIRGINIA, (Coquette,) by Virginius, dam Dorocles by imp'd Shark, Clock 
fast, <&,€. 

J. Fergusoo. 

— — ^r- f by Medley, dam by Pegasus, g. dam Sally Wright, d:.^ 

1790. J. Hoouie*. 

* by Dare Devil, dam Lady Bolingbroke. 

Col. SelcflB 
— • - — -by Old Mark Anthonv, dam Polly Bvrd. 





VIRGINIA, by iky8cm[)er, dam Polly Ready Money by Boww'i Cmam 

natus out of a Va mare. ^ ,. , . r. n jr j r- 
b. f by Mary lander, dam Belnida by Escape, Bedloid, G&s 

^«"*' ^*^' E. G. Butler. 

-by Timoleon, (by Grey Diomede,) dam Maid of Oakland by 

imp'd Stirling, Hall's Eclipse, iS6C. . ,r. • • , vi 

-ch. n». by Sir Hal, dam Beauty by Diomede, Virgmia by Ma 

rylander, &c. ^ ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

Lafayette, (See Janette.) 

Taylor, b. f by Sir Archy, dam Coquette. 

\Vm. R. Johnson. 
-Eclipse or Amebican, by imp*d Eagle, dam Malvina by Pre- 

cipitate, &.C. 

G. Chichester. 

Neil, by imp'd Highflyer, dam by Gallant 

SoBEgL,ch. m. by Virginia Sorrel, dam Black Selima by Fear- 

1798. ^' Tayloe. 

-Sorrel, g. h. by Black and All Black, (Othello,) dam by Tay 

loe's Yorick, g. dam by imp'd Whittington, imp'd Silver Eye, &c. 

P. Conway. 

Winn, ch. by Charles, dam by Tom Tough, impM Hamilton, 

Wildair, Fearnought, &.c. 
VIRGINIAN, b. h. by Sir Archy, dam Meretrix by Magog, Narcissa by 

Shark, Rosetta by Ccntinel, Diana by Claudius, &c. 

Foaled, 1815. J- J- Harrison. 

VIRGIN 1 US, by imp'd Diomede, dam Rhea by Chatam, §. dam by Eclipse, 

(who was the sire of Brimmer, Wilton Roan, &c.) imp'd Shark. 

Silver Eye, &,c. 

-ch. by Virginius, dam Transport 

lg26. J- B- Richardson. 

VIOLA NTE, 8. m. by Sir Peter Teazle, dam Selima by Spread Eagle, &c. 

1810. J- Tayloe. 

VIVIAN GREY, Ir. gr. by Lonsdale, dam MegMerrilies by Trafalgar, &,c. 
VIXEN, full sister to Netiletop by Trafalgar. , „ ., 

' *^ L. Berkley. 

by Old Medley, dam Penelope by Yorick. 

V^OLANTE, [Imp'd] by Volunteer, dam Lava by Sulphur, g. dam Maria 

by Blank, Snip, Lath, &c. 

Foaled, 1797. hnp'd 1799. J- Hoomea. 

VOLTAIRE, by Smiling Tom, dam by Silver Legs out of Moll Braien. 

Northumberland Cy. Va. 1781. J- Thornton. 

VOLUNTEER, [Imp'cf] ch. h. by Volunteer, dam by Whipcord, own be- 

ther to Woodpecker, Blank, Old Crab, Childers, «tc. 

1794 John Tay'oe. 

. by First Consul, (by imp'd Slender,) dam by imp'd Arikoo- 

ker, imp'd Messenger out of a Bashaw mare, &.c. 

). c. by Bedford, dan; imp'il Favourite. (Sold Mr. Moitjao 


J. H comes. 


WABASH, by Sir William, dam by Eagie. 

W aKEFIELD, br. f. by Sir Hal, dam Grand Duicness. 

J. RmidAlok 

WALNUT, oy imp'd Archibald, dam Cremona by Spread Ende. g dan 
Gasteria by Balloon. o » a 

WARSAW, dk. ch. by American Eclipse, dam Princess by Sir Archv k 
dam by Peebles' Rattler, g. g. dam Dangola. * 

WASHINGTON, gr. by Pacolet, dam Old Rosy Clack by imp'd Saltram, 

' AZrC. 

u K K o.- . . O. Shel^y. 

., ch. h. by Tmioleon, dam Ariadne by Citizen. 

North Carolina, 1829. 

— — c'?- by battler, (he by Sir Archy,) dam Udy Jane ny 

mp'd Obscurity, g dam Molly by Grey Figure, &c. 

iV \XEY, b. by Sir Archy dam by Sir Alfred, g. dam by Haxall'^hniVd 
mare Primrose by Buzzard. * 

A'AVERLEY, b. c. by Sir Charles, dam Josephine by Flying Dragon a 
dam by Hamiltonian— St. George— King Herod, jfec. 
1829. Winchester, Va. j. M Brome 

A^EAZEL, by Shylock, dam Irby's Dare Devil niare. 
ch. f by imp'd Wrangler, dam Thresher. 

WEDDING DAY, (The) r. h. by Bellair, dam by Fear^o^i'ght^'*''*"'^'''' 
Foaled, 1791. ^ * j tayloe 

WEEHAWK, by Shawnee, dam by Gallatin. * 

WHALEBONE, br. c by imp'd Alderman, dam Atalania by Hart's Old 
Medley. '' 

WHIG, by Fitzhughs' Rpf;uliis out of the dam of Ajwllo. 

VN \UV [Imj)'d]br. h. filieeii hands three inches high, got by Saltram, his 
dam by Kmg Herod, g. dam by Oronooko— Cartouch, (fee 
Foaled 1794. Imp'd 1801. Richard Bland 

.TTTT^V .??!V.'^ r^^ ""P ^* ^^'P' ^*'" by Spread Eagle— Bellair, &c. 

WHIRLIGIG, [Imp'd] dk. b. fifteen hands high, by Lord Porlmore's horse 
Captain, he by Cariouch, &,c. his dam by the Devonshire Blackleas, 
son of Flying Childers, <fec. 1774 

WHITE FEATMEK, by Conqueror, dam by Diomede. 

WHITE LEATHER, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Everlasting. ^ ^"^' 

WHITE STOCKINGS, by SUver Heels, dam Snip by O^ar out ofliri 
tannia, Slc. 
Maryland. Robert Wright. 

WHISTLE JACKET, by Diomede, dam Lucy Locket by Bellair, <tc. 

— ; blood b. by imp'd Monkey— imp'd Silver Eye— Mor- 
ton s Traveller, Slc. out of a thorough bred imn'd mare, &c. 

wuicvr>xr I /-,. . . . Capt. Tinneswood. . 

WHISKEY, by Chantidleer, dam Poll by Partner. 

— — -.(Washlngton's) g. by Saltram, dam by Bellair, g. dam by 

Wddair— imp'd Driver, dtc. j o j 

W HY NOT, b. h. by Old Fearnought, dam by Othello, g. dam by Spaik, 

lA If r»?M>"*^r*?®^' r' ^""'^y^ ^ ^^^- Ja'"«s 

v\ ILDAJR, [Imp*d] b. h. (foaled in 1753, and imp'd in 1764,) was g.)t by 

Cade out of the Steady mare, her dam bv Partner— Greyhound- 
Matchless, &c. Wildair was imp'd by Mr. Delancy of New York, 
and afterwards reshipped to England. 

-— (Symmls') br. b. h. by Old Fearnought, dam by Joliy R.>£er imi 

of Kitty Fisher, &c. j 7 'b 

Rcickv Mills, Hanover Cv. Va. Col. ..'ohi SvnuM.** 



•• ! 





WJLDAIR, (Sims') b. li. by imp'd Wildair, dam by Ariel, g. damby Imp'd 
Othello, &c. ^ t t c 

Maryland, 1778. . ^ ^ „ ^ „ , k n !• 

-by John Symmes* Wildair, dam by Handell, g. d. by Camden 

— JoUv RoRcr, &.C. , , _, 

Forks of Hanover, Va. 1804. John Thornton. 

by Ajax, dam by Knowsley, g. dam by Highflyer, g. g. dam by 

Old Wildair, &c. ^ ^^^^^ 

——(Jones') blood b. by Symmes' Wildair, his dam by Himnap out 

of a Fearnought mare. 

Wvlie Jones. 

-by Rochester, (a son of Cripple, i^howas a son of OW JanusJ 

dam by Butler's Fearnought, by Old Fearnought, &c 

WILD MEDLEY. (See Medley Wild.) 
WILD FIRE, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Wildfire by Gracchus. 

J. Randolph. 

by Gracchus, dam Everlasting by Sans Culotte. 

■^ J. Randulpn. 

WILD CAT, ch. m. by Play On, (who was full brother to Stump the Deal 
er and by Old Diomede,) dam by Mercer's Janus— Shark, &c. 
' Wm. D. Taylor. 

WILD DEVIL, b. h. by Old Dare Devil, dam by Symmes' Wildaii^-Rock 
ingiiam— Spankmg Ro(lger, &c. t ». » j 

Hinover Town, Va. 1803. John Anderson. 

WILTONIA, by Stirling, dam Little Molly by Medley. „ , , ^ 

•^ Wm. Randolph. 

WINGY FEET, by Rufhn's Jolly Roger, dam Melpomone. 
WILBERFORCE, br. c by Pacotaligo, dam Miss Crawler. 
WINDFLOWER. (See BernadotteJ 
WITCH, ch. m. by Gracchus, dam Everlasting, &c. 

A'lTCHCRAFT, b. c. by Roanoake, dam Witch, &,c. 

J. Ranoolph. 
J. Randolph 

WINTER ARABIAN. (See Arabian Winter.) . ^ ^. ^ , „, 
WONDER [Imp'd] dk. ch. h. fifteen hands three inches high, got by Plw- 

noinenon out of Brown Fanny by Old Diomede, g. dam by Marski 

— Skim — Crab— Childer*— Basto, &x. 

Foaled, 1794. Imp'd in 1802. 
_by imp'd Diomede, dam by Tippoo Saib— Brimmer— Silver 

Fye— Jolly Roger mare, &c. Wilkes. 

-br. c. by Old Flimnap, dam Kitty Fisher by Osr-r. 

-by imp'd Wonder, dam by Diomede. 

G. R. A. Brov/n. 

WORMWOOD, gr. c. by Sir Archy, dam a Clifton mare. 

W 90DLARK, b. f. by Roanoake, dam Paroquet. 

J. Randolph. 

I^'OODPECKER, ch. by imp'd Dragon, dam (Irby's) Dare Devil mare- 
Old Wildair— Fearnought, <fcc. « c .. j 
lgQ4 C. Sallard. 

W(X)SKY, ch. f. S' Dragon, dam Raffle by Bellair. 

1805. J* Hoomet. 

WORTH V * g. m. by Sir Hal, dam by Sir Archy. .„ . . 

Maryland, 1814. J. Powder.jun. 

WRANGLER,by imp'd Diomede, dam Lady Bolingbroke. 

C/Oi. SNsifieii 

WRANGLER, bl. b. by Sir Alfired, dam Clio by Sir Archy— Beauty by 
Diomede — Viifginia by Dare Devil, dtc. 

1824. C. W. Van Ranst. 

«.- [Imp^d] b. h. by Diomede, dam Sir Charles Sedbury's Flea- 
catcher by Gold Finder — Squirrel, &.c. 
Foaled, 1794. 

^REN, b. m. by Thornton's Rattler, dam by Sir Archy, g. dam Noli Ma 
Tangere, g. g. dam Castianira, 6ic, 

G. A. Blanev, U. S. A. 

WYANDOTr, ch. by Piatt's Alexander, dam Honest Jane— Alexander fcy 
imp'd Bedford— Honest Jane by imp'd Honest John. 


YANKEE DOODLE, by Virginian, dam the dam of Maid of Lodi. 

J. J. Harrison. 

YANKEE MAID, ch. f by Sir Archy, dam 

VARICO, by Medley, dam by the Pennsylvania Fanner, g. dam by Pega 
tu8, g. g. dam by Bolton. 

17£K). J. Hoomes. 

YELLOW ROSE, ch. m. by Wildair, (by Ajax,) dam Pet 
YORICK, ch. c. by Bellair, dam Virginia Sorrel. 

1795. J. Tayloe. 

(Old) by Morton's imp'd Traveller, dam imp'd Blazella by Blaza 
(In England.) 

1767. John Craigs. 

-Mass, ch. by (Old) Yorick, dam by Lath, g. dam by Fearnought-. 

Sober John, dec. 

D. Patterson. 
YOUNG ARCH DUTCHESS, by Janus, dam Arch Dutchess. 

J. Randolph. 
— Adelini;. (See Adeline Young.) 
—— — AurtED, by Old Sir Alfred, dam Alaricui by Americut. 

Si« Alived, ch. t. by Old Sir Alfred, dam Jane by Knowsley, &c. 

Walter Coles. 
Sxa Archt, by Sir Archy, dam Virginia, full sister of Desdemona, 

BEoroRD, by imp'd Bedford, dam by Harris' Eclipse. 

Baronet, by imp'd Baronet, dam by imp'd Othdio, g. dam by imp o 

Figure, Slc, 
— — Bajiuett. (See Bajaiett Young.) 
——Bonny Lass, by Old Jolly Roger, dam Hardiman's Old Bonny Lait 

BussoRA, b. h. bv Bussora out of a Duroc mare. 

Canandaigua, N. Y. Col. Wm. Blossom. 

CoaMORANT, b. c. by Cormorant, dam Virginia Nell. 

Clown, by imp'd Clown, dam Old Black Snake, g. dam by Nonpa 


-Dare Devil. (Sec Dare Devil Young.) 

-Dion, dam Bainbridge. 

-Drummer, b. c. by Drummer, dam Beisy Bell, Slc. 

Hamburg, 1808. Thos. M. Forman. 

•Diomede, by Tayloe't Grey Diomede, dam by imp'd Gubriel out of 
" ~ )'d SI 

Benjamin Ogle 

DE, by 
by CI 

Active by Chatam— out of Shrnherdess by imp'd Slim, Ax 

-Director, sor. b. by Old Director, (of Va.) dam by Tanar— bjp«r«4 
Eafria— Percy, itc. 





lOUNGDUROC, b. by Old Diiroc, (fern by impM Gabriel, g. dam by 
Lindsay's Arabian, &c. t . o j 

P nsvlvania John Snyder. 

Ea"le, by imp'd Eagle, dain Arabella by Dare Devil out of aCl.>ck- 

RriTond ^yk Samuel McCraw. 

Eb'ont, [Imp'd] gr. m. by Miiley, (an A^^'^nO, /a«i^ l>y Panlon't 

Old Crab—Devonshire Childer&-Basto— Black Barb, &c. 

1 7fi2 
-Eclipse, ch. by American Eclipse, dam by Old Bajazett, (formerlj 

Young Tanner,) g. dam by Old Mercury— imp'd Messenger, &.c. 

Cambridge, New Jersey. . ,^ ^. ^^^ L?"?' 

-Favourite, by impM Bedford, dam by imp'd Diomede—Bellair- 

Clock fast, &C. „ 1 J • .u ^ 
Fearnought, by Gay, dam by Old Fearnought, g. dam oy the same, 

e. g. dam by Jolly Roger. 

^Florizelle, [Imp'J.] (See Florizelle imp'd.) .^ ^ _. _ . 

, Florizelle, by Ball's Florizelle, dam Fair Maid by First Consul, 

**• Gov. Sprigg. 

Figure, blood b. h. by imp'd Highflyer, dam by Old Figure, g. dai» 

by Camillus, &c. 
Frenzy, by Gracchus, dam Minikin, &c J R d 1 h 

. . —Grand Dutchess, by Sir Archy, dam Old Grand Dutchess. 

J. Kandolpn. 

Hickory, by Hickory, dam Lavinia. 

Janus, b. h. by Hynes' imp'd Janus, dam a Lycurgus mare— imp <k 

Crawford-imp'd J ustice, &c. ^^ ^^^^^ 

Janus. (See Revenge, or Young Janus.) 

Lottery, by Sir Archy, lam Lottery by Bedford. 

. Madison, by Madison, dam Minerva by Diomedc. ^ ^ „ . 

. Medley, by Cup Bearer, dam by Old Medley, g. dam by Hamif 

Eclipse, Lonsdale, imp'd Shark. 

Frederick Cy Matthew Page. 

-Medley, Ir. gr. by Bellair, dam by Pennsylvania Farmer out of t 

Partner mare, &c Thomas Wells. 

-Moreau, by Ridgley'8 Morcau, dam Virginia by Skyscraper, &c. 

*^^^» i^pencers. 

-MiNiRiN, by Gracchus, dam Old Minikin, &C. 

-Narcissa, b. £ by Play or Pay, dam Old Narcissa by Wildair, &c 
1802. *'• "00'"®** 

-Oscar, (See Oscar Young.) , ., . /u •«« •- 

-Paul Jones, by Old Paul Jones, dam by Marms, (belonging t« 
Charles Carroll of Carrollton,) gr. dam by Old Silver Heels, Crab, 

Samuel Norwood. 

^ Pacolet, gr. by Pacolet, dam by imp'd Coeur de Lion, Juba, Pea 

cock, Ola Partner, dec. ,, , . . ^ 
Pt6«Y, ch. m. by Gallatin, dam Trumpetta by Hcphestion, g. dam 

Peary by Bedford. ,., ,, 

Fc^d, 1821. W Hampton, jun. 

Post Boy, by Ridley's Post Boy, his dam out of the Mountain Filly, 

tfcmetimes called Selima 

fOUNG RANTER, br. b. by Ranter, dam a fine blooded inarc. 

-Romp, (dam of Livingston's Camilla,) by Duroc, dam Romp by imp^d 


>HARK, by Shark, dam by Eclipse, g. dam by Eclipse out of Britannia. 

»ELIMA, by Old Fearnought, dam Etxmy by Ottiello. 

-Spot, [Imp^d] ch. by Old Spot and lie by Blank, Spot's Jam by Mai- 

tindales' Regulus, Jig, Goliah, d&c. 

Imp'd by Mr. Hyde of Frederic ksbg. 

Sir Peter Teazle, \Imp'd] (Sec Sir Peter Tearie.) 

Sir Solomon, jun. by CHd Sir Sermon, dam Maid of Northamptofi 

oy imp'd Clifden. 

1823. Henry Lasiar. 

Superior, by Superior, dam Pirate by Lampli^ter, &c. 

Tom Tough, by Old Tom Tough, dam by imp'd Buazaro, g. dam by 

Jones' Wildair. 
— l^RurrLE, [Imp'd] br. h. bred by the Duke De Guiche, was got by 

Trufile out of Helen by Whiskey, her dam Brown Justice by Jut 

tioe. Old TrufBe was got by Sorcerer out of Hornby Lass by Bus 

sard, &x. 

Orange Cy. Va. 1830. James Barbour. 

— Traveller, (See Travel'**' ''^'^uog.J 

-Topgallant, by Old Topga»»^ ,0, oam by Shark, g. dam by Harrii 

Eclipse, Mark Anthony^ &Ai. 

.Virginian, b. h. by Virginian, dam by Enterprise (by EkMieelleJ 

-YoRici, by Tayloe's Yorick, dam by Figure, g. dam by Dove, Task 

ef*8 Othello out of Selima, Slc 

1783. Fielder Bowie. 

EABUD, by the Winter Arabian, dam by impM Spread Eagle, g. dam >| 

Sir Peyton, (by Shylock.) 

Kentucky. R. J. Breckenridge. 

ZAMOR, gr. by Silver Heels, (by Ogle s Oscar,) dam Aurora (by Vintsun,| 

E. dam Pandora, (by Grey Diomede,) g. g. dam by Hall's Union, 

Leonidas, dec. 
2EN0B1A, by Don Carlos, dam by George's Juniper. 
2EL1EKA, ch. m. by Gracchus, dam Mist Chance by imp'd Chance. 

Messrs. Tayioea. 
EEUPPA, by Old Messenger, dam Dido by imp*d Bay Richmond, g. ittm 

Old SUnwrkin, (by Wildair,) g. g. diam imp'd Cub auure, Ice 







f«t the horse be in good flesh when you put him up; night an^ 
Moining walk him four miles, well clothed with one blanket and a 
truit of horse clothes, for eight days ; water him between the walk, 
ing with forty swallows ; feed him at nine in the morning, at twelve 
o'clock, at six in the evening, and at nine at night, with three quarts 
of oats and chopped corn, oncfiflh chopped com, giving him one 
bundle of blades after feeding in the morning, at twelvg o'clock, and 
at six o'clock : after feeding at nine at night, give him two bundles 
of blades. Let him be well rubbed before each feed with straw a* 
to his body, and his legs with woollen rubbers ; let him have a good 
bed of straw ; let his feet and legs, night and morning, before you 
take him in, be washed with warm water and Castile soap ; then 
for eight days more, in the morning, gallop two miles before wiu 
taring and one mile after, and in the evening one mile before wa. 
taring and one mile after, clothing and rubbing before each feed as 
before. Aft«r that prepare him for sweating, by feeding with two 
quarts at six o'clock, and at nine o'clock the same, giving him no 
blades, and having^ him well muzzled ; let him be well rubb«d and 
have a good bed of straw, always keeping his feet well stuffed with 
cow-dung. Let your turf be kepf well harrowed and soft. At 
day-break take him to his training ground with three, four, or five 
blankets, and his body.clothes ; let him go four miles, the first three 
half-speed, the fourth mile at a sweeping rate with a tight rein, 
and a rider twt exceeding the weight the horse should carry. Then 
strip him on the field, carefully scraping, rubbing, and brushing him 
till dry ; then put on his usual clothes and walk him an hour ; then 
take him to the stable ; then scald a gallon of bran, add cold water 
to it till milk warm, and let him drink what he will of it. Then 
nt him be well rubbed and dressed ; then scald two quarts of bran, 
and two quarts of oats ; mix them, putting among them a table 
spoonful of flour of sulphur and as much antimony as will lie on a 
cent, and let the horse eat it warm ; then take two bundles o< 
•temmed blades, and sprinkle them with salt and water, and gift 
^sm ; then take some warm bran and water and wash his logs, rwb- 






!.:«» them drv with straw and woollen rubbemi then leave him till 
tweCo^loXrih^n feed a. uaual with three quarU at twelve; at 
four'nthe^ve^ingbruBh him and let him walk an hour; then wa. 
terhm with wate? aired or branch water; then walk him a quw- 
; «f^ Jhm.7 talte him in and have him well cleaned and rubbed ; 
fhef feed rsixldrne with three quarU of grain; then muzxl, 
hi™ In the mornine after hia sweat Uke him to the ground and 
ijrTn him iS foTa r^ ; then run him two mUe. with a Ught rem 
r„7coTti"uehhn two miles more in a loose; then clean h.m and 
rob hTm dm clothe him and walk him till cool, then take hun in, 
wMhhU feet, and rub them dry. cleaning him, rubbmg him. stuff, 
kic his feeTand feeding as usui : so continue to gallop every mgl.t 

&d' zxk^^ iKsr^^r u^= 

fweat. Tho«, are the rule. I observe -^-"^^-^^ ^^^^^ 

From which, the rules observed by Mr. Thomas Larkin, of Vir. 
^^HaTud in these particulars: he feeds in the inoming 
r '-.It^r «t twelve with two fluarU. and at mght with four 
h; J":^e bU^st mT. Dutall. llorning gallop first two mile. 
S5 ahuTsecond two miles. Evening. «"' »"» ™>"; 
"cond one mile and a half. Sweats five miles, and brushes h.. 
hors2 before he takes him in ; after cleaning, and rubbing, and d.7. 
me Wm two miles. He washes with cold water, except when he 
^^oarhis hor». and water, after the h<,rsecome. m and «. cle«. 
irst tefoJe feeding, forty swallows morning and evenmg. and twelve 
iwallows at twelve o'ilock; mixes a spoonful of sulphur m the 
m.^h°X sweating, but no antimony; walk, before galloping, 
iwo miles ; between the gallops, one mile. 

Mr Duvall ta 1797. eave me the foregoing roles : Mr. I-arkin 
trained for «; ^o years.*^And a. a sporUman. that aU hoi^s m^ 
™n^ the best order, and that their superiority of foot >nd bottom 
rn"m%entitfe them to the pahn. (with Pl-'""' .^"""P^^'i^ 
,<^ request, that through your inestimable paper. ?» ««^«^y 
^ntlemen hiving fine Worses, as to the mode of tr«nmg them, mty 

I removed, and the friend, of the ^^ P^^^^j^^:: P:^. 

[noM Tim AMWUCAW TOM »EairrE».] 

Mr. Bditor-The within was recentiy found """"e** ?•!?/! 
mrl^ fid .port«nan of the turf, (a pencil memorandum) m the 
riiW> of aniwer. to quertions. by a gentleman well ^nown to the 
vXia t^tes. who was at that time about to begm h» f"'"! 
ea^T 1 have examined it witii a trainer of long "If"/"^;^; 
with few alteration, hand it to you for publrcation m th'^Sportirg 

A horse when put in training should ho fat : his exercise ought 
to commence with walking about eight miles a day ; three in th^ 
morning, two at twelve o'clock, and three in the evening. Thii 
should be continued at least four weeks. A light gallop of a mile 
m the morning, should now be added, and at the end of a week, a 
mile »n the evening. In another week, half a mile more morning 
and evening. He will now be in condition for his first sweat ; hi* 
exercise may now be the same as the last week, except a ** burst of 
lieels" once or twice in the week, of three or four hundred yards ; 
at which time he will be feady for his second sweat. This given, 
the horse should have, every other morning, a move of a quarter o . 
a mile ; this continued for a week, and his third sweat may be 
given. After this his exercise may be increased to two miles, morn- 
ing and evening ; one mile of which (in the morning) should be at 
half-speed, with a dash of a quarter every other morning, more or 
less according to his appetite. The sweats should vary according 
to the high or low condition of the animal. At the end of the 
week, after the fourth sweat, he may, perhaps, require a draw,* and 
another a day or two before he runs. I do not approve of physic 
ing generally ; when there is much grossness, or general bad health, 
a purge may be necessary. Race-horses should be watered regu- 
larly three times a day, in a clear brook, in the morning after exer- 
cise, at twelve o'clock, and in the evening: after exercise walking 
them until perfectly cool, previous to watering. They should be 
fed with hominy and oats, (the first divested of its mealy particles,) 
in the proportion of one of the first to two of the latter. Sometimes, 
when the condition of the horse is low, he should be allowed a 
greater proportion of hominy ; as horses when in training must 
feed well, every thing in the food way must be tried to make them 
do so : as hominy alone, oats, corn in the ear, meal, cut oatH, &.c. 
I once trained a mare, and ran her successfully, feeding her three 
days in the week on meal with chopped or cut oats. They should 
l>e fed five times a day : at day-break, after the morning exercise, 
at eleven o'clock, a little before the evening exercise, and at night : 
one quart at first, three the second time, three at eleven o'clock, 
one the fourth time, and three the last, with about nine pounds of 
blades without picking, divided as the grain. Some horses eat more 
than others, and should be allowed accordingly.! When there is 
costiveness, sprinkling the fodder with water, or a mash must be 
given : a bucket of salt and water is also sometimes useful. Sweat- 
ing should be done by heavy clothing and gentle exercise, giving 
the horse a swallow or two of water with a little meal stirred in it two 
or three times during the sweat. To put a horse in order, at least twelve 
weeks are necessary ; for a colt, nine weeks. A colt, to be in condition 
to run a good race, should just be low enough to feel his ribs pretty 
plainly, but they should not be seen : a horse should be much lower 
I'he usual preparation for a sweat is a mash at night, muzzled, hea 

•* A very light sweat. 

t Particularly large liorges : pmall horses sometimes will eat fourteen oi 
fifteen quarts a day. I think thirteen enough for the lattei— more is apt, 1 
tlii^W, to t;ive them goKty legs, <&.€. 




, i : 

li : '2 

J V' J 

h :• ' 

TV cloihiLff, (three or four blankets) —the next morning, after break, 
fast, walk three or four miles, and gallop one slowly ; give a moutly 
ful or two of water.* and gallop two or more, as the weather « 
warmer or colder: carry him then to the stable, take out the unde* 
blanket, rolling the cover up, half at a time. «crape^«"» ,h^> 
and legs until perfectly dry. put on blanket and hood, and walk foi 
an hour or two, occasionally giving a mouthful of water with a 
handful of meal in it, about milk warm at first. Hw legs, when per 
foctly cool. Bkould be washed with warm water and soap, rubbed 
dry. and the horse put to rest and given t mash.f (scalded oats.) in 
the evening walked four or five miles. 

The quantity of exercise mentioned, is for horses, after four yean 
old, and upwards ; few colts require more than three miles a day. 
Every eight or ten days the horses should be taken from the exer- 
eise ground and walked on the road. A carefVil trainer will always 
know the condition of his horse's legs every mornmg before gal. 
toping, and decide whether they receive their work or be sent if 
Iheir lees be feverish, to have tJie fever extracted by standing in the 
water, to the pond. To keep up the appetite, I have known nothing 
better than a table spoonful of the powder of poplar bark, tho 
liriodendron tulipifera,) every day or two when it is observed that 
Ihey are mincing their food : salt should be given once a week. 

fit will be seen by a comparison of the above instructions, which 
correspond with the system now usually pursued in the South, that 
it is much milder than the system laid down by Mr. Duval of the 
olden time. It is wonderful, (observes our correspondent,) how 
their horses could stand such severe training: and he supposes that 
the greater fleetness of the horses of the present day may be ascrib. 
od, bi some measure, to changes which have been adopted in the 
•ykem of training. It is true that many of our fine horses are let 
S^wn and trained%ff at an early age. but that may be attributed to 
the severe trials to which they are put at a tender age— four mils 
heato, in quick ti me at three years old 1 1 

■ Milk-warm, with a Htde meal stirred in it. 

♦ Not always necessary, cxcspl there is much cosuven 



or THC 


Whereas it is necessary that all well-regulated associations 
•hould have some Rules for their government, and the Richmond 
Jockey Club being sensibly impressed with this truth. Therefore, 
Resolved, that the following be the Rules and Regulations of ths 
Richmond Jockey Club : 

Ut. There shall be two regular meetings of this Club, at Tree 
Hill, each year, and each to continue four days, to be called Spring 
and Fall Meetings. The Spring Meeting shall commence on the 
second Tuesday in May. and the Fall Meeting the third Tuesday 
in Octol»er. 

2(/. There shall be a President. Vice-President, Secretary. Trea. 
surer, and four Stewards, appointed by ballot. 

3d. It shall be the duty of the President to preside in all meet. 
ings of the Club; to act as Judge in each day's race ; appoint his 
assistant Judges on the evening preceding each day's race ; report 
the result of each day's race, and stand as Judge in all sweepstakes, 
with such other persons as the parties may appoint. 

4lh. It shall be the duty of the Vice-President to attend all meet- 
iiigf' of the Club; assist the President in the discharge of his duty 
act as President pro tern, in the absence of the President. 

5th. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to attend the Judges 
on eaoh day's race ; assist them with his counsel ; keep a book, in 
wliich he shall record the members' names, the Rules of the Club, 
and add to them any Resolutions which may change the character 
of either; also record the proceedings of each meeting; the entries 
of horses ; an account of each day's race, including the time of run- 
ning each heat ; publish the races, and after they are over, publish 
the result ; for this service, he shall be exempt from paying his 

C)th. The Stewards shall be appointed by ballot, and serve for 
one meeting next succeeding their appointment. They shall wear 
a white rose on the left side of the cape of their coat. It shall be 
.heir duty to attend on the course, preserve order, clear the track, 
leep off the crowd from horses coming to the stand after the close 
of a heat ; may employ able-bodied men to assist them, wno shall be 
paid out of any money in the hands of the Treasurer, and they be 
iesigiiated by a red sash. 

• The Rules of New-Market, (near Petersburg, Va.) Broad Rock, sad 
nuirt of the counes in Virginia, are nearly tiie same. 



1th, There sliall be tliree Judges in the Btarling stand, the Preni 
dent and two assistant Judges, whose duty it shall bo to keep the 
Btand clear of any intrusion during the pendency of a heat, except 
the officers, trainers, and weigher, and also see that the riders are 
dressed in jockey style. 

Sth All disputes shall be decided by the Judges of the day, from 
whoso decision there shall be no appeal, unless at the Judges d.s. 
cretion ; and no evidence to be received of foul riding, except fr(»Mi 
distance Judges and Patroles. 

9/A There shall be two Distance and three Patrole Judges, who 
ihall repair to the Judges' stand after each heat, and report the nags 
that are distanced, and foul riding, if there be any. 

lOth The distance of th« Proprietor's Purse shall be three mile 
•leats, and be run for on the second day of each regular meeting 
The purse shall be ^300— entrance ^15. 

Uth The distance for the Jockey Club purse shall be four mile 
heats, spring and fall, and l)e run for on the third day of each regu 
lar meeting — entrance ^"20. 

I2th. All Sweepstakes, adverti»^ed to be run for oyer the Tree 
Hill course, on any day of the regular meeting of the Club, shall bo 
nnderthe cognizance of this Club ; and that whenever a subscru 
ber makes an entry, he may change it at any time before the stak-^f 

13<A No person shall start a horse for any purse under the cin. 
trol of this Club, other than a member, he being at least one.third 
interested, and producing proof of his horse's age ; nor snail any 
member start a horse, unless his entrance and subscription b» paic 
before starting. 

Uth. All entries of horses to run, shall be made in open Club, on 
the evening preceding each day's race, i,y 5 o'clock, or during the 
Bittinff of the Club, and no entry made atler that time shall be al- 
k>we(l ; Provided, if there be no meeting, then with the feecretaiy 
or Treasurer, by 5 o'clock. 

nth. No person shall be benefited by the winning of any purse, 
under the control of this Club, unless he be a member or the owner 
of the horse. 

IQth. Any person desirous of becoming a member for the purpose 
of starting a horse, n.ay do so, he being approved by the Club, ai.a 
paying double entrance. 

nth. The winning horse of the Jockey Club Purse shall not be 
permitted to start for the Proprietor's purse, nor the winning horse 
of the Proprietor's purse for the Jockey Club purse, during the saiue 

\Sth. No compromise or agreement between any two perso'.. 
•inrtnig horseH. or thmr agonts or grooms, not to oppose each Mtl.of 



upon a proinieed division of the purse, shall be permitted or allowed, 
ftnd no person shall run their nags in oonjunction, tliat is, with a 
determination to oppose, jointly, any other horse or horses which 
may run against them. In either case, upon satisfactory evidence 
produced before the Judges, the purse shall be awarded to the next 
best horse, mare, or gelding ; and the persons so otTending, shall 
never again be permitted to start a horse on this course. 

I9th. No two riders from the same stable shall be allowed to rido 
in the same race ; nor shall two horses, trained in the same stable, 
be allowed to start in the same race. 

iOth. Riders shall not be permitted to ride in a race unless dressed 
in the jockey style. 

^lat. Riders, afler the heat is ended, must repair to the Judges 
stand, not dismount until ordered by the Judges, and then carrj 
their saddles themselves to the scales, there to be weighed. 

22(2. The Rider who has won a heat shall be entitled to the track, 
and the foremost entitled to any part of the track, he leaving asuf. 
ficient space for a horse to pass him on the outside, but shall not, 
when locked by another horse, leave the track he may be running 
in to press him to the outside, doing which will be deemed foul 
riding. A Rider may take the track on the inside, but he must do 
it at his own peril, as, should he be posted in making the attempt, it 
will not be considered as foul. Should any rider cross, jostle, strike 
an adversary or his horse, or run on his heels intentionally, or do 
any thing else that may impede the progress of his adversary, he 
will be deemed distanced, though he come out ahead, and the purse 
given to the next best nag : and any rider offending against this 
Rule, shall never be permitt«}d to ride over or attend any horse on the 
course again. 

23rf. If any nag shall run on the inside of any pole, they will be 
deemed distanced, although they may come out first, and the puree 
awarded to the next best nag. 

2ith. The distance stand shall be sixty yards from the Judges 
stand for mile heats, and sixty additional yards for every mile in a 
heat, unless it be the best three in five, and then ninety yards to 
a mile. 

25th. The time between heats shall be 20 minutes for mile heats, 
30 minutes for two mile heats, 40 minutes for three mile heats, 
and 45 minutes for four mile heats. Some signal shall be souftded 
from the Judges' stand five minutes before the period of starting, 
after the lapse of which time, the Judges shall give the word to 
fcuch riders as are ready — but should any horse be restive in sad 
dling, the .^udges may delay the word a short interval, at theii 
own discretion. 

2G/A. A horse that does not win a heat out of three. «liall QOt be 
sntitled to start for a fourth, although he may save his distance A 
drawn horse shall not l)e considttred as distanced. 



Li ' 

. ■■I.i: 

27M. No Btud horse shall be exhioitod within the walls of the 
eourse wntil the ladies have retired. 

aSth. All members and their families shall pass the gaifi free, 
and all who Tre not n.embers shall pay the followmg tolls. v.z:- 
for every four-wheeled carriage $1. for every g.g and two-whecled 
ZZ^, cart, man and horse. 50 cents : and for every person oa 
foot S5 cents. 

29M. Any person who may kill a dog on the course shall be 
paid two dollars out of the funds of this Club and if there be 
Tone in hand, by the Judges, out of the purse of that day on which 
t'le dog or dogs may be killed. 

Wth. The following weights shall be carried, viz: 

2 years old, a feather, 

3 .. .. P6 lbs. 

4 .. .. lOU .. 

5 .. .. 110 . 
_ lift 

7 " '.! and upwardb, 124 lbs. with an al. 

lowance of three pounds to mares and geldings The weigher shall 

see ?i?aTeachr?def shall have his proper weight, before he starts, and 

that they have within two pounds after each heat. 

3U( The age of horses shall be recorded by the year in which 
fhey are foaled; during the year 1800 shall be considered as a 
yetriiug; during the ylar 1801. two years old; dunng the year 
1802. and so on. 

32d. New members can only be admitted upon /ecom'nen^^^ 
tion ; any person wishing to become a member, shall be balloted for 
and two black balls will exclude him 


When both parties are present, either party has a right to dt. 
mand that the money be staked before the hor^ start; and if en. 
refuse the other may, at his option, declare the bet void. 

Ifl'ny party be absent on the days of race, the party present may 
dec are^the b^t void, in the presence of the Judges before he rue. 
commences ; but if any person ofter to stake for the absentee, it is 

' l°"b^rmade''tn a heat to come, is no bet. unless all the hor«,. 

~irb^eUma''<[:t?w\erhor:rt'"are distanced the »me be.: 
are considCTc^l drawn, and when between two horses throughout . 
"ce! andSer of them win it. the horse that is best at the term.- 
nation of the race, wins the bets. r <• ;, .u.n k« ra. 

If an entrance horse, or subscriber die. no forfeit shall be n- 

"•"a J;emium given to another to make a bet .hall not be refumW. 
althougi; the bet is not run for 




i#*. Thk Judges for the season, on meeting with the Secretarj, 
•hall Handy Cap. 

fid, A list of all the horses, mares, and geldings which have start 
ed at the said meeting, shall be made, to which any others, if pro 
posed, and particularly described, may be added. 

3d, Any horse, &c. which has not run during the said meeting, 
for Sweepstakes, Jockey Club, or Proprietor's purse, shall carry the 
weights of the course. 

4th. When the distance to be mn, the entrance required, and the 
prize be agreed on, the Judges and Secretary shall proceed to as. 
sign them their weights. 

5th, No horse, &,c. shall be bound to carry more weight than 
the rules of the course prescribe. • 

6th. On the supposed best horse, &c. his or her proper weight 
shall be imposed. 

7th. From horses, &,c. of the 2d, 3d, &c. rate or reputation, as 
much weight may be taken as will, in the opinion of the Handy 
Cappers, make them equal to the first rate ; in equalizing them as 
aforesaid, they are not bound to regard the winning horses, &,c. 
as a change of distance, or a hard run, may change their ability to 

Sth. Those who Handy Cap, shall particularly mark such horses, 
6lc, which are started in shoes, or not allowed to exert themselves 
in a previous race — any such horse, &.c. sboU carry the weight ol 
the course, subject to the determination of the Judges and Secretary. 

9th, As soon as the list of horses, A-c. with their weights, be 
prepared, the Secretary shall post up the same in the Club Room at 
this place to whioh shall be added the distance to be run, the sum 
to be run fer, and the entrance money. 

10th, When the aforesaid nine rules be complied with, until 10 
o*clock P. M. shall be allowed the owner or starter to determme 
whether he will contend for the prize, and no longer ; as they de. 
termine, they shall give their names to the Treasurer or Proprietor 
of the course, with a description of their horses, &.o. who shall make 
a list of them as entered, which list shall point out their places at 
starting — two or more to make a race. 


ibsiraet of the latoa which govern the Race Course in Great Britam, 
as extracted from a Liverpool paper. 

Houses take their ages from May day, f . e, a horse foaled any 
jme in the year 1823, is one year old on the first day nf Mav 1824 
Four inches are a hand ; fourteen pounds a stone ; two hunared tctf 
•' ny yards a distanc-e. 






Mate is a weieht for age and a weight for inches. A Past Match u 
,„ inJ,rt the ascs of the horses in the articles, and to run any horee 
^ftrt^ee wTou declaring tUl you come to the post to start, 
u ^ rf^'whU are weighU according to the supposed abilities 
S-The horC tts oHhoes are not alWed in the weight. 

The ho«e that has his head at the ending post first, wins the heat 
Ride« mu"t ride their horses back to the winning post to weigh ; and 

.econd heat. \^ ^/'^J^^^'^TJ?!-. places must be determined by it, 

'^^•„^ EWier nartvm^ demand stake, to be made, «id on re. 
consent. Uiitner parvjr "***/** ^ w^^rtv Ha absent on the day of 

and a demand whether any P«"on "'» "the bet may be declared 
Cr tVl;:.rr:> =* in for: '^^i p-niular place, 
•TheX-Ho ^VrhfoXCaright to choose the^^^^^^ 

.hJfield^ When he has chosen the horse, the field i. what sUrts 
the fi^- .J^"'" tu/Jei, „o field unless one storU with him. If 
'o^aVr wittu'^rtioningthe hor«, 1.^^^^^^^^ 


uon are ^oid. Beti determinea, though the horse aoe. nu 



when the words " absolutely, run or pay,* or •• play or pay," are 
made use of in betting. For example ; I bet that Mr. Udny's ch. 
mare, Mirandela, absolutely wins the king's plate at Chehnsford, in 
1824. I lose the bet though she does not start, and win though she 
goes over the course alone. 

AU double bets are considered as play or pay. 

Since Epsom Races, 1812, all bets are made in pounds, and not in 
guineas, as formerly. 

Horses running on the wrong side of a post, and not turning back, 
are distanced. Horses distanced if the riders cross or jostle. Horses 
that forfeit are beaten horses, where it runs or pays. Bets made on 
any horses winning any i;iumber of plates that year, remain in force 
till the first day of May. Money given to have a bet laid, not re- 
turned if not run. All matches, bets, and engagements are void on 
the decease of either party before determined. An untried stallion 
or mare, is one v/hose produce had not started in public at the time 
of closing the engagement. 

In estimating winnings, it is the practice to consider the clear sum 
gained only, and consequently to exempt the winner's stakes. A 
winner of sweepstakes of 20 guineas each (three subscribers) is, 
therefore, not disqualified ffom running for a fifly pound plate, ex 
pressed to be for horses that never won a plate, match or sweep 
stake of that value. 























Editor BOW of tlM Famen' Ubrmry, New York ; Founder of the American Parmer, ta 1810 

and of the Turf ReyHter and Sporting Magazine, in 1829 : being the Arat Agriealp 

Uiral awl the ftnt Sportinc Periodicals established in the United StaUa. 




Entered, according to Act of Congrew, in the yew 1848, by 


In the clerk', office of the DUtrict Court of the United Statee fa 
the Eastern District of PennsyWanm. 



Without going through the formality of asking leave 
to say " by his gracious permission," which, if sought, 
might have been withheld, this Supplement to Mason 
AND Hind's Popular Systems of Farriery is respect- 
fully dedicated to Col. Balie Peyton. 

It is not that a contribution so inconsiderable is 
deemed worthy of him, or the subject so mteresting ; 
but that the Author would fain embrace any fair occa- 
sion to manifest to him, and through him to their com- 
mon friends at New Orleans, his grateful remembrance 
of their kindness when among them. 

There would be, moreover, an essential propriety m 
dedicating to Col. P. a more adequate offering of this 
sort ; as he is known to be a breeder and warm amateui 
of the high-bred horse ; and, in his own spirit and cha 
racter, exemplary of what is best bred and most excel 
lent among men. 

J. S. S. 

Niw YiAm'f DAT. 1848. 
For the nonce at Annapolis, Md 




Thuugu, uudtT ^ver fluctuating but sometimes prO' 
piiious circumstances, the very climax of equestrian 
power may have been reached in a few cases in the 
United States, as in the country from which we derived 
our skill and material, is it not still worthy of all con- 
sideration how we may contrive to 6e/ay, as the sailors 
say, what we have gained in that important branch of 
Rural Industry — not only as a means of individual en- 
joyment, but as a prolific, indispensable source of 
National power and wealth ? 

However serious and apparently insurmountable may 
be the difficulties that stand in the way of farther im- 
provement of domestic animals, and especially the Horsb 
— either in the general absence of the necessary means 
and appliances, and of adequate er: L^ouragement for the 
care and expense attendant on the production of Horses 
of high qualities, there ought, surely, among well-in- 
formed men, to be no obstacle arising from ignorance of 
the art of breeding. Hence it is that in sending forth 
the Mnth Edition of this popular work on Farriery, 
vhlle nothing seemed to be needed in the way of de- 
scription or treatment of the diseases of domestic animals, 
and while the author of this Supplement was only called 
on to extend the stud-book in a manner to embrace the 
pedigrees to which breeders and dealers might have 
occasion to refer, he could not forego the opportunity 



;!l:, I 

■f . ; 



to offer some such additional matter as, to him at least, 
seems to be of sufficient value to render it acceptable 

and useful. ,.-*.• 

In the introductory remarks on the relations exisUng 

between Man and the animals destined for his use and 
.musement, and the obligations these relations .mpose, 
the writer has but expressed the sentiments he has ever 
entertained, of duty on our part to respect the feehngs 
and comfort of the humblest among them; and has 
endeavoured to encourage continued exertions for their 
Hielioration by showing how successful and progressive 
,uch efforts have been, even up to the present time. 

To these observations of his own are appended those of 
writers of acknowledged judgment and authority- 
accompanied by such notes as appeared to be apposite an 
well-founded ; and to these, again, have been superadde 
r ew tables and other items which might not elsewhere 
be convenienUy met with. His undertaking kind reader 
I hath this extent, no more." AH, then, that tiie utho 
of the « Supplement to Mason's Farkiek" has to ask 
of you is that you will bear in mind that there h^ been 
„o engagement to .rite anything-much less a Book^ 
FaJry: for that there was no call or necessity. W.^ 
L luumation, the reader will please -ept f ;^; ^ 
U worth and with all due allowances, the little that ha, 
"Jnlnteered-by one who may claim to h^-e - 
all his life an amateur if not a connoisseur of the Horse. 

J. s. »^» 

Edit. Fai-mers' Lihrary 


On the relations between Man and the Domestic Animals, 

especially the Horse, and the obligations they impose, Pago 9 

On the Form of Animals is 

The Chest 19 

The Pelvis 20 

The Head 20 

The Muscles 21 

The Bones 22 

On the Improvement of Form 22 

On the Character of Animals 25 

Examples of the good and bad effects of crossing the breeds 26 
On the importance of more attention to the Principles of 

Breeding — the Stallion and the Brood Mare 31 

An Essay on the Condition of a Stallion 41 

Tables — Weights and Measures 49 

List of Medicines 50 

Apparatus for Compounding Medicines 60 

Instruments 50 

Calving Table 51 

Lambing Table 51 

Trotting 62 

Best Trotting Time, at Mile Heats 63 

At Two Mile Heats 63 

At Three Mile Heats 63 

At Four Mile Heats 63 

liaciitg — Best Time on Record at Mile Heats ' . 

At Two Mile Heats 64 

At Three Mile Heats 68 

At Four Mile Heats 67 

Tiie St. Leger 58 

Average Speed for the Doncaster St. Leger 69 

Pedigrees of Winning Horses, since 1839 60 

Celebrated Stalliens and Brood Mares 89 




i Tt 



a La connaissance de la conformation exterienre du chei^al eit bean- 
coup moins r^pandu qu'on ne le pense vulgairement: elle repose eur dea 
etudes d' anatomie de physiologie, de mecanique, et d' histoire naturella 
dont peu de personnes se font une juste id^" 

If animals were classified by naturalists in the order 
of their intelligence, docility and usefulness, the Horse 
and the Dog would occupy, in relation to Man, the jux- 
taposition they have assigned — on the ground of physical 
structure — to the impracticable baboon and the grotesque 
and chattering monkey ; and in lieu of groping in the 
darkness of antiquity for the period when they are sup- 
posed to have been entrapped or subdued, by fraud or 
violence, we should the rather conclude that Nature 
placed all the domestic animals where we have ever found 
them — in close association with Man, administering to 
his pleasures and wants ; lightening his toils and sharing 
his dangert , and constantly advancing, like Man him- 
self, under the improving influence of civilization and the 
arts that belong to it. 

In contemplating the whole animal kingdom, does not 
Man — standing preeminently at the head of it, surrounded 
bv the domestic races — present everywhere the most 




lust, ous spot o,. the varied map of living creation? Fro.n 
te everlasting snows of the north to the s^nds 
t pical de'serts, his faithful dog follows at h.s foot; 
the horse is at his side -submissive to his w.ll;- the 
pa'ient ox bows his neck to the yoke ; and the sheep and 
[h hog are present to supply his clothing and bs food. 
Far otherwise is it with untameable and predatory b,r s 
an" beasts. Restricted to particular regions by an all- 
w"se Providence, the absence of food and chmate con- 
g „ al to their nature forbids them to roam beyond hmi^ 
fomparatively circumscribed. And do not these arrange- 
mTn?s for our benefit, and which give us " dommion 
Tver al the earth and every creeping thing that creepeth 
upon the earth," enjoin on us the duty of studymg their 
Es tleir economy, and all the laws of thetr existence 
^wih a view to their improvement for our advantage 
in every way consistent with kindness to them and with 
gratitude to Him, 

ii Who in his sovereign wisdom made them all ?" 

And >vhile these considerations teach us to be merciful 
ourselves, do they not convey the admonition 

a Ye therefore who love mercy, teach your sons 
To love it too!" 

The very fact that to them has been denied the power of 
speech and the necessity of uncomplaimng submission 
under every hardship, ought to put us constantly on our 

guard against pi^ctising, or Pe-tti.g ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
any the smallest measure of abuse or ill treatment. 1 bus 
evSy r^an of common humanity will study their com- 
ort in a 1 things, consistently with the purposes for wh.h 
they were designed, and will never even moun his faith- 
f Use witho'ut seeing that whatever is needed h^^^^^^^^ 
done to give an easy set to his saddle-and, still more, 
mat all is right about his feet ! 



Doctor Rush, in a beautiful and benevolent eulogy op 
the Horse, in one of his lectures, related a touching anec- 
dote of a highly intelligent and successful Pennsylvania 
farmer, who, stricken down suddenly with apoplexy in 
his barn-yard, expired on the instant — with this last di- 
rection to his herdsman on his lips : « Take care of the 
creatures .'" And the biographer of an eminent English 
Chancellor relates, as from himself, how his beloved son 
had preferred to him, in his very last moments, a petition 
in favour of his faithful terrier ; « And Father^ youHl 
take care of poor Pitcher^ wonH you ?" Nevertheless, 
after all the care that can be taken, we should probably 
be amazed if we could know the amount of pain unwit- 
tingly inflicted on animals dedicated to our service, and 
some of whose bodies are at last consumed to afford us~-> 
as some would contend — superfluous nourishment, refer 
ring back as they do to that golden age when 

« Man walked with heast — joint tenant of the shade | 
The same his table and the same his bed — 
No murder clothed him, and no murder fed." 

Even all unnecessary harshness of reproof should be 
avoided — for it is well known that some animals are even 
more susceptible of painful and violent emotions, from 
various causes, than some men, whose hardened nature 
and familiarity with vice, render them as insensible to 
the reproaches of others as to the stings of their own 
conscience. Those, for instance,who have studied the 
character and affections of the horse — with a view to his 
diseases and moral susceptibilities — need not be told that 
while sharp and threatening words will so disturb him as 
to quicken his pulse some ten beats or more in a minute,* 

♦ The natural constitution of different varieties of the fame class of 
animals is worthy of close attention. In small and thorough-bred horses, 
!or instance, the pulsations of the heart are about 40 to 42 — while in 
the larger, cold-blooded cart-horse, they do not amount to more than 36. 
But when iU-treated, as before suggested, their pulsations are inrrea««L 


! V. 

t' [in 



Me hai i« very memorable cases been known to fall dea<\ 
.nder the excitement of the sexual and other pasMons 
That he is sometimes animated by the strongest spmt of 
rivalry, and a noble ambition to excel has been occ- 
sronaUy evinced by violent attacks on h.s passing r.val. 
on the turf-and very recently the case occurred with a 
m ble animal which fell dead at the very wmmng-post 
L vain y struggling forvictory, on the Pharsaha course at 
Salchel Th! contest which had this -lanchoy issue 
^vas between Col. Minor's Jenny Lind and Col. Bmg- 

^": DickTa^ Srf^ourite at odds. Some even bet, 
^^•ere made that he would win at three heats-and some, 
TfL heats were broken, would not w n. Jenny drew 
the track, and after some little man(Evrmg, they go off 
ogeC but Dick outfooted her and took the track ob 
hf u n ; at the half-mile post she had got her head to 
his hips, and they ran locked round the upper turn ; a 
he head of the front stretch she began to draw clear of 
him and spurs were applied. « Then burst his migh y 
heTrt ' for he soon was seen to reel, but he still struggled 
on his jockey Mat, leaped unharmed from his back, and 
he'nobli animal fell dead within ten eet o^ the wmmng. 
r,ost which he had left not two minutes before in periect 
Tealth and the finest condition. No shout of triumph 
haile d the winner: all was sympathy an^ _regret_lwo 

^T:Z jruUo!!^ i: ine^^asf: >:" cU^a. of higher ..- 

U that in the cT-.a-e ^^^:^ZZ^^:^^-:->^'^- Ejer, 
''""i " «^ how d»ut^vr U the moral influence of fngU to a flock « 
:Wp "when fof ^n^^^^^^^^ «»ey have been ba.lly scared by dog.. I. 
Shaken.' that they neve, recover '0"';)»f-^^,, „, ,„,, ..U. 

,U vmi-vidi-vUi. in their fields of acUon. 



of our most talented medical gentlemen immediately 
made a post-mortein examination, aud came to the con- 
clusion that the death of the horse was produced by apo- 
=.t;xy, caused by congestion of the heart, brought on b» 
over-excitement and violent exertion." 

The annals of domestic animals abound in cases to 
show how liable they are to acute alfections and suffer- 
ing, far beyond the apprehension of the most considerate 

and humane. • w. 

Thus much, good reader, have we gladly seized the 
opportunity, and even gone a little beyond the require- 
ments of our publishers, to say in the way of appeal in 
behalf of speechless creatures, as alive to pain as to a 
sense of gratitude for generous treatment; and having 
already adverted to the obligation we are under to study 
the laws of their existence, afid the means of their meli- 
oration, it may now, even be insisted that m the whole 
range of the occupations anJ interests of breeders of 
their own stock, there are few things that demand more 
consideration and skill than does this very branch of 

rural industry. 

The study and the pride of evciy one should be, not 
merely to maintain them at a point of excellence already 
acquired, but to have them prog-essively improvmg in 
whatever constitutes economy and value ; for why shoula 
any man indolently conclude that his stock has already 
artained the ne plus ultra in the way of amelioration; 
however superior it may be ? Such is not the i^<-Ur>oT, 
it may safely be affirmed, would it be consonant with the 
orders of Providence, or even with our own interests, 
that it should be so. To man has been given donmnon 
over the beasts of the field-that, iike the e.irth itself, he 
should cultivate and improve them; and for that, among 
other purposes, was he endowed with the great, dis- 
linirvishing, and godlike power to prosecute intellec'aa. 




investigations into every ^^V^^^^^f^ ^l ^^X 

,.suy' I^-f - - r:SnIi:nc: is ever rea/y 
3go,.ere ready beh ^^^^^ ^^ ^^ • , 

*" t-Te^a^^ly under their care, had then already been 
most immediaieiy uuu^ :^,.rnvabilitv ; Y^t wnich 

carried up to ^^e --unun. of m^pro a^^^^^^^^^ ^^ 

of them has not been vastly brttere'; '" ^^j_ 

an their -iuabl^^PJ^t-rl^^^^^^^^ good V 

den or accidental ^^"f "*" ° -,,, . by a closer study 
ties, but constantly and WogJ^^^^'^^ ^ ^^^^^ .^^ 

and a better '^"-^'^^f^/by tie Tpplication of other 
. vegetable physiology, ?f^,'/;i„ English of the rnotto 


Horse may «PP'y /^/^^'^^nrtet;! conformation of the 

"'''^ 'TSexte d d tn is generally supposed 
horse IS much less exten ^^ physiology of 

Lr:, andtf tVra, history, in a manner of .hich 

^-, TrbTtLlsttrofTDavenant,- a^i.; 

In 17 lU, oy uic t „„tUnntv the weight ot 

of unquestioned candour and author t ^ g ^^^^ 

» black cattle" (so called, ^^'=''"f 370 ^nds ; the 
cattle ^vere of that colour) averaged but 370 po ^^^^ 

.eight of the calf was estn-;t: roiCcuou'sly in the 
average of sheep and l-^s talc P^_ ^^^^^ ^^^ 

London market, ^^as only P .^^ ^^ ^i,, 

of 120 year«.--*J:'l^M'Culloch,in his dictionary, 
subject than at this time 1 1 .^^ statements, 

so highly characterised by thaccuray ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 

puts the --«gVl05 Bi the late accomplished Pro- 
50, and calves at 105 But ^^^^^ ,,ti„,tes the 

fessor Youatt, m las able xsorK ^^ 

average sveight now at Smithficld at 650 ^^ 

»nd lambs at 90 ; and calves at 144 , 



each having doubled in 130 years; and tliat, as befoie 
said not by any accidental importation from abroad, or 
fortunate cross at home, but by a course of careful, 
systematic, and sagacious attention to the laws and prin- 
ciples of breeding and feeding. The horse, standing at 
the head of the list, — sharing and supporting man in all 
his most pleasurable as well as toilsome and dangerous 
enterprises, — naturally engaged his earliest attention and 
most assiduous care, to cherish and improve to the high- 
est pitch, his noble faculties of strength, speed, and 
endurance ; and thus may have been already brought to 
the zenith of his capabilities, if indeed he has not pass- 
ed the culminating point ; but see what must have been 
achieved by the stimulus of the turf, and art in the 
breeding-stud, to raise the bred horse of England to a 
height of perfection, even above the wonderful capacity 
of his south-eastern ancestry, — the very "drinkers of 
the wind" themselves !— for we have the high authority 
of Nimrod, the crack writer of England on all field- 
sports, for saying that, on the best Indian authorities, 
«* the best Arab, on his own ground, has not a shadow 
of a chance against an imported English racer, in any- 
thing like a good form." The celebrated race on the 
Calcutta Course, between Pyramus and RecruU, — the 
former the best Arab of his year ; the latter a second- 
rate English race-horse, by Whalebone, the property of 
the Marquis of Exeter,— settled this point, inasmuch as 
allowance was made for the comparatively diminutive 
size of the Arab,— it being what is termed a give-and 
lake match, or weight for inches ; in which Recruit car- 
ried 10 stone 12 (152) pounds; and Pyramus only 8 
stone 3 (115) pounds, an extra allowance of 7 pounds 
tiaving been given to him as an Arab. 

Pyramus, says the reporter of this race, « as gooi. 






an Arab (he had previously beaten all the best Arabs in 
Calcutta for the gold cup) as has appeared for many years. 
His condition was undeniable; the distance was all in 
his favour, and he was ridden with superior judgment- 
si that the result of his match with Recruit may be con- 
sWered to have established this an axiom : that no allow- 
ance of weight, within the bounds of moderation, can 
Lg the best Arab-even in a climate most congenial 
to hfm-upon a par with an English thorough-bred horse 
of moderate goodness. In addition to a^l these circum- 
stances in favour of Pyramus, it must be remembered 
S Recruit only landed on the 28th May, (the^race was 
run in January), after a voyage of five months. 

In England where the progress of improvement was 
greatly accelerated by a seasonable infus on of Arabian 
Td Miaric blood, the 6red-horse-standing, in respect 
of the equine race, as the capital on the Connthian pil- 
?ar-has reached a point of perfection that, if it can be 
kept up, we can hardly dare hope will ever be excelled 
iXt'^ountry, four-mile races are "-rly abohshe^d, and 
it has been said with every show of reason, that early 
raining, light weights and short distances, are impairing 
he stoutness of the English race-horse and hunter, and 
heir capacities to stand up and go the pace as in the 
palmy days of the English turf. In our own county. 
The annals of the course show, that our climate is highly 
' ngenial to the constitution and physical developmen 
of the horse -and that whenever the sport has been 
thtnable and the rewards adequate, he has ever bee 
ready to meet all reasonable expectations-rather advan- 

rincr tiian fall in ff oack. . . 

Whin Floretta won her race in Washington-winning 
th, 2d heat in 7.52, against such nags as Oscar, Top- 
jtallant and First Consul, it was deemed a mar-. Ho... 


performELiice ;* ur.d sportsmen thought that the acme of 
speed and bottom had been reached in our country in 
the days of Sir Charles and Eclipse, yet have not their 
best achievements been eclipsed by two illustrious and 
yet living rivals of each other — Boston and Fashion ? 
But what have we not to apprehend should what seems 
to be threatened come soon to pass, and the turf — the 
only sure test of speed and stoutness, be allowed to go 
down ? We remember once at a dinner-party at the 
British Minister's in Washington, to have inquired of the 
late John Randolph of Roanoke, whether the Old Domi- 
nion maintained, unimpaired, her claim to a superior race 
of horses? "No, Sir; no. Sir," was his shrill-toned 
prompt reply ; " Since we gave up horse-racing and fox- 
hunting, and turned up the whites of our eyes, our horses 
as well as our men have sadly degenerated." 

Finally— justice, truth, and a sense of obligation for 
the assistance derived from his labours, in the small con- 
tribution we are here making to the breeders and amateurs 
of the Horse, demand of us to say, at the least, that if 
the American Turf should decline, it will not be for want 

^- 1 




• This was one of the most memorable contesU that ever came off 
on the Washington Course. Horses were horses, and men were men, 
in those days. Fair-top boots, powdered heads, and golden "guineas 
were all the go— and for fairness and honour, a "stain was felt like « 

The horses were thus placed : 

Dr. Edelin's c. m. Floretta, by Spread Eagle, 6 years old, 

Gen. Ridgely*8 b. h. Oacar, by Gabriel, 6 yrs. old, 

J. B. Bond's b. h. First Consul, by Flag of Truce, aged 

Col. Tayloe's b. h. Top-gallant, by old Diomed, 6 yrs. old, 1 

M. Brown's b. m. Nancy, by Spread Eagle, 6 years old. 3 

In this race Floretta was closely run by Oscar and First J^onsul — 

Mch heat was run under 8 minutes, and the second in 7.62. Each horse 

made play from the score, an<l the time was better than had been made 

>n that Course even up to 1829. Has such a field of men and horsei 

come to that post since 1 .u ♦! ^mt^o" 

In another pace— the trot— it was deemed marvellous that 'old Top 
should go his mile with 150 pounds weight in 2.46. But Lady Suf- 
folk — well dashed with the old Messenger blood — has done hers 'ii 
2,28^, and is yet in full if not improving vigou'. 

1 1 

2 2 

3 3 

4 4 




in- 1 ] 






Of an able, industrious, and ,asleful advocate and illus. 
trator of its advantages and uses, as long as W. 1. For- 
Tthil continue to animate and guide the » Spxk^t op 
Le Times." Extensive acquaintance and coextens.v 
popularity-the just fruits of accomplished manners and 
an obliging temper-have made him the focus of a most 
varied and recherche correspondence : ^vh.le^ h.s o.n 
lact, scholarship and nice appreciation of what .s good 

n ie literary and the sporting world, enable h.m to turn 
Si his nch resources to the best account, for the enjoy- 

^enJ of his numerous and refined readers-for the most 

part, gentlemen of blood and imUle. 



The form of domestic animals has been greatly im- 
proved by selecting with much care, the best formed for 
b elStg-but the theory of improvement has not been 
so wdl understood, that rules could be laid down or 
dir ctg the practice. There is one point particularly 
r nectin.^ which the opinions of breeders have muc 
vaS which is, whether crossing the breed be essential 

" Sr Tnion of this communication to asce... 

in .hat instances crossing is P-P"' ^^l" t^rl 
judicial; and the principles upon which the propriety 

^^It Sltn generally supposed that the breed of a.n 


Jhich are rarely to be met with, in those of the largest size 



Experience has proved that crossing has only suc- 
ceeded in an eminent degree, in those instances in which 
the females were larger than in the usual proportion of 
females to males ; and that it has generally failed when 
the males are disproportionally large. 

The external form of domestic animals has been much 
studied, and the proportions are well ascertained. But 
the external form is an indication only of internal structure. 
The principles of improving it must therefore be founded 
on the knowledge of the structure and use of internal 


The lungs are of the first importance. It is on their 
size and soundness that the health of an animal princi- 
pally depends. The power of converting food into 
nourishment, is in proportion to their size. An animal 
with large lungs, is capable of converting a given quantity 
of food into more nourishment than one with smaller 
lungs, and therefore has a greater aptitude to fatten.* 

The Chest. 

The external indication of the size of the lungs is the 
form and size of the chest; the form of which should 

* rin farther explanation of this principle, it may be added, from an au- 

tnor who had evidently read and relied on this able Essay of Surgeon 

Cline. that muscular exertion facilitates the return of «,.ous blood to 

the riEht side of the heart, and in long contmued and violent exertion, 

the rLpiration being quickened, the lungs_if small-are unable to 

arlerialize and get rid of .he blood as fast as it is pumped into them , 

consequently, if there is not room for the blood, congestion takes place 

.:d he hors; becomes what is termed " blown"-the lungs betng gorged 

.ith blood, and sometimes the animal is destroyed by it. I" England 

it is said to be "well understood that a mnjonty of horses that^ perish 

under, hard press -across the country,' are '"'^"'''-f*"'^ •' . J,*** 

conical form, not of the body, but of the chcHns lau down in the nexC 

Daraurauh is very observable in the best paintmgs of Fashion. 7 here, 

Tnd in her iuar./rs and hocks, appear to us to lie the great sources .rf 

her ,M in this country unequalled speed and stoutness. - ^ 8. 8.1 

L, , V 8 



have the figure of a cone, having its apex situated between 
the shoulders, and -its base towards the loins. 

it capacity of the chest depends upon its form more 

than on the eient of the circumference; for, ^vbere the 

'nh is equal in two animals, one may have rnuch arger 

fungs than the other. A deep chest therefore is not 

capacious unless it is proportionally broad. 

The Pelvis. 
The pelvis is the cavity formed by the junction of the 
haunch bones with the bones of the rump It ^ essentia 
that this cavity should be large in the female, that she 
may be enabled to bring forth her young with less diff. 
Z\ij When this cavity is small, the life of the mothe, 
and of her offspring is endangered. 

Th size of L pelvis is chiefly indicated by the wi^h 
of the hips and the breadth of the tmst, which is the 
space between the thighs. 
^ The breadth of the loins is always m proportion to that 

of the chest and pelvis. 

The Head. 
The head should be small, by which the birth is fucil- 
itated. Its smallness affords other advantages, and gen- 
erally indicates that the animal is of a good breed 

Horns are useless to domestic animals. It is not U.t 
fie" to breed animals without them. The breede.^ 
horned cattle and horned sheep, sustam a losS m « 
extensive than they may conceive ; for it is "o ^^ h°' J 
.lone, but also much more bone in the skulls of such 
.nimals to support their horns ; besi es there is an adch 
Uonal quantity of ligament and muscle in the neck whicn 

is of small value. • u ^ fivp times 

The skull of a ram with its horns, ^g^^^l ^\;7; 

more than another skull which was hornless. Both these 

Skulls were taken from sheep of the same ar.e, each b. ng 



four years old. The great difference in weight depended 
chiefly on the horns ; for the lower jaws were nearly 
equal, one weighing seven ounces, and the other six 
ounces and three quarters ; which proves that the natural 
size of the head was nearly the same in both, independent 
of the horns and the thickness of the bone which supports 


In a horned animal, the skull is extremely thick. In a 
hornless animal it is much thinner; especially in that 
part where the horns usually grow. 

To those who have not reflected on the subject, it may 
appear of little consequence whether sheep and cattle 
have horns — but on a very moderate calculation it will 
be found, that the loss in farming stock, and also in the 
diminution of animal food, is very considerable, from 
the production of horns and their appendages. A mode 
of breeding which would prevent the production of these, 
would afford a considerable profit in an increase of meat 
and wool, and other valuable parts. 

The length of the neck should be proportioned to 
the height of the animal, that it may collect its food 
with ease. 

The Muscles, 

The muscles and tendons, which are their appendages, 
should be large ; by which an animal is enabled to travel 
with greater facility. 

* rit is matter of surprise that among the varieties of cattle imported, no 
one should bring the celebrated Suffolk polled or hornless cattle. Be- 
sides the advantage here enumerated, valuable animals are sometimei 
killed by being gored. In respect of this breed, Youatt speaks very 
hiehly. He says they sometimes give 32 quarts of milk, and 24 ii 
not uncommon, in a day-and adds :-'' There are few short-horn 
cows ; although far superior in size to the Suffolks, and consuming near y 
double the quantity of food ; that will yield more milk than is usuallv 
obtained from the smaller polled breed." Formerly the buftolk polleo 
cattle were generally of a dun colour, and thence commonly called »ui- 
*6lk duns, but that colour has of late been repudiated.— J. S. S.] 





The Bones, 

The strength of an animal does not depend upon the 

• !f he bones but on that of the muscles-Many 

XLwthtrge bones are weak, their muscles bemg 

sS Inimals'that were imperfectly nourished darmg 

;::!, have their bones disproportionately a^g- ^^ 

„K .Ufir-iencv of nourishment origmated trom a con 

„^™ weak during «- .^^fj,^ "o,gat Hf '^tLn. 
rally indicate an imperfection m the orgdus 

On the improvement of Form. 

To obtain the most approved form, two modes of 


" mfnt pantul- variety approaches perfection in 
fnrm breeding in-and-in may be the better practice- 
e;:;ia;ry?or 'those not well acquainted with the princi- 
ples on which improvement depends. 

fact, however some may deny i , ''^"^'^"^^ '° '„„ » By what he after- 
hov^ever valuable or perfect, P-J""^^'^;';:''';'.: conlfnement to me 
ward .ays. a« will be seen, he must h»^« ■" ,j ^e this: that 

family or ,trair, of the same breed. 1 he ^ .^_^j^,^ ,_, ^^^ 

Valuable qualities -'^^'f^^'^^tral crosses with the best an.m.l 
.hould thereafter be P''«7*VluU of a different family, This .s th. 
K be had of the »>"« .'"^*'"'''"' ,„„,]! in his great superionty- 
^t which has maintained the ""J H";*^,^^^ descendant, of eastern 
ft,r .Uhough. as Nimrod »«"■• '^^~ '^^ved so deficient of 1... 
hor«>., almost «"hout an e«^P''°"j P^ ,„ ^^em than the f.rme 
vear. that breeders will no more have '"«"', original oat ; ye» 
a go for immediate 'T^rw tVo e o an ther strain or family 
the breeder .s glad tocross his »'°<\"''^ ° ^ro the blood of the souih. 

Ughesl capabilitie.. 

When the male is much larger than the female, the 
oll'spring is generally of an imperfect form. If the female 
be proportionally larger, the offspiing is of an improvea 
form. For instance, if a well-formed large ram be put 
to ewes proportionally smaller, the lambs will not be so 
well shaped as their parents; but if a small ram be put 
to larger ewes, the lamb s will be of an improved form. 

IT is here worthy of remark that Nicholas Hankey Smith, who resided 
, long time among the Arabs, in a work entitled " on 
Breeding for the Turf." gives as his opinion that colts bred in-and-in 
t^,<,w more blood in their heads, are of better form, and fit to start with 
fewer sweats than the English turf-horso , but when the incestuous 
intercourse has continued a few generations, he says, the animal de- 

"^Tbts^pian of breeding in-and-in, says Youatt farther, when speaking 
of cattle : " has many advantages to a certam extent It may be pursued 
"n it the excellent form and qualities of the breed are developed and 
established. It was the source whence sprung the cattle and the sheep 
of Bakewell, and the superior cattle of Colling-and to it must be traced 
the speerly degeneracy, the absolute disappearance, of he new Leicester 
or Bakewell cattle , and in the hand, of many an agriculturist, the im- 
pai^enro constitution and decreased value of the new Leicester sheep 
J^J The Short-Horn beasU. It has therefore become a kind of principle 
lilh the agriculturist to effect some change in his stock every second or 
*fd year^and that change is most conveniently eflected by intrcducing 
.new bull or ram. These should be as nearly as possible of the same 
lo?t Iming from a similar pasturage and climate, but possessing .,« 
,clationTh"p or at most a very distant one. to the stock to which he is 

t odu Knd these remarks « apply to all descriptions of live-stock, 
says Professor Johnston, author of the Farmer's Cyclopedia 

This is the secret whereby Mr. Geoho,= Patterson, of Maryland, 
has nit only kept up but improved the size and beauty of his North De- 
voL Ever, "two or three years," a new bull the best to be had m 
Enlnd isTntroduced to his cows. The neglect of this precaution, and 
br el too closely, are the true reasons why we so rarely see 
the descendants of imported stock in this country 7"''' '° t*"' "''ff^^'" 
Too close breeding tells in Man as well as in beast , hence the famou. 
Unes of Lord Byron when speaking of the nobility : 

« _____They breed in-and-in as might be known, 
« Marrying their cousins, nay. their aunts and nieces. 
.. Which always spoils the breed, if it increases. 
But after all, we must look closely to the form of the parents as well 
in Hoi^^s Is ca tie-Tor, let the world dispute as it may whether " bU»a 
"evemhing/ or "blo^l is nothing,"-be the blood what it mav, »h, 
hatev^r rn. .. Apperley asks, an instance of a misshapen horse an.i 
ill.formed mare producing winners 7 — I. 5>. S.J ^ 

ii ■ J 

tl • 

5" ' - 
I - ■' 

v.- - 

lA'f n ^iiE 



■ The r^pe. —a of ;;7-'f, *:r;,:p— 5 

'"«" r^. Tb pel «" *' '-»"■ '"• T" t" 

pnuciple, that tne pu proportion to her size, 

offspring with nourishment is m prop ^^^^^^ 

and to the power of nourishing herselt 
lence of her constitution. proportion to that 

The size o^ ^^^^-^"7^0^^-*^- the female pa- 

of the male parent; an^^^l^ „,ity of nourish- 
rent is disproportionate^ srnaimq j^ ^^^ ^.^p^^_ 

„.ent is deficient, and ^^^ ^^^^P^ female, from her 

Xtuce the most .f-^^^^ltt 

nourishment is "^^^^^^^^."'^ '^w 

existence, until its growth '^J ■JP^t'i^g of this paper, 
It has been observed, ^" *^ j';^ "" ^tity of nour- 
that the power to prepare *« S J^J^I ^^^ i^^i- 
ishment, from a given quantity of food P^ ^^.^^ ^^ 
pally upon the magnitude of the lung , 
'organs of digestion --;^''[;7; ;„g,, crossing is the 
To obtain animals with large 1 ^^j .j^^med females 
„,ost expeditious method; ^ -a"; " size, to be put 

„.ay be -l-^-^-^^/jT Irie^^^^^^^^^ rather smaller, 
to a well-formed male oi-JJ^^ ,„a heart 

By such a ;^.^^^f,;"rin consequence of a pc 
become proportionately larger in ^^^j^^, ,,„ses a 

culiarity in the -rcu^a «on «f ^^^ J^ circumstances 
:X!S;:S:Itrg; than to the other parts of 



the body ; and as the shape and size of the chesi depend 
upon that of the lungs, hence arises the remarkably larg* 
chest, which is produced by crossing with females lha» 
are larger- than the males. 

The practice according to this principle of improve* 
ment, however, ought to be limited ; for, k may be car- 
ried to such an extent, that the bulk of the body might 
be so disproportioned to the size of the limbs as to pre- 
vent the animal from moving with sufficient facility. 

In animals where activity is required, this practice 
should not be extended so far as in those which are 
required for the food of man. 

On the Character of Animals, 

By character in animals is here meant, those external 
appearances by which the varieties of the same species 
are distinguished. 

The characters of both parents are observed in their off- 
spring ; but that of the male more frequently predominates? 

♦FTo the contrary of this, as to Hor*v8, T. B. Johnson, author of the 
Shooter's Companion, and a writer ol high authority, says : " although 
It is a maxim universally admitted, that an equal degree of precaution 
should be used in respect to the Horse, it is doubly and trebly necessary 

with the mare because strict observation has demonstrated that nearly 

or full t^vo out of every three foals, display in their appearance more of 
the dan than the sire ; and that there are more fillies than colU fallen 
every year will not admit of a doubt." 

This positively asserted predominance of females over males, may be 
accounted for on the principle established by very numerous experiments 
in France with sheep, if not with other animals — on the results of which 
the experimenter, whose name is not remembered, based and confidently ^ 
asserted his theory, that the sex of the offspring, in all cases, depends 
much on the comparative vigour of the parents. By putting old ewes 
lo young rams in the prime of life, he never failed to gel a iarge pro- 
p^n-tion of ram lambs ; and, vice versa, when young ewes in their prime 
wore put to a ram lamb, which had not yet attained his full growth anu 
development, or to old ones far gone in the down-hill of life, then a very 
large proportion were females. A great number of experiments were 
fiven corroborative of the doctrine. Is it not reasonable to suppose thai 
Au influence suflicient lo control the sex, would have an effect on ext«»- 


This n.ay \.e illustrated in the breeding of horned ani- 
.nals; among ^vhich there are many varieties of sheep, 
and some of cattle, that are hornless. 

If a hornless ram be put to a horned evve a rno^ a 
the lambs will be hornless ; partaking of the character 
of the male rather than of the female parent. 
°' In some countries, as Norfolk, W^ltJ-'.J>2l'l; 
most of the sheep have horns. In Norfolk the horns 
Tay be got rid of by crossing xvith the Ryeland rams; 
^Wch would also improve the form of the chest and he 
iX of the wool. In Wiltshire and Dorsetshire the 
Jirimprovements might be made by crossing the sheep 

^rotprfng^^oThorns might be obtained from the 
Det nsSJre cfttle, by crossing f \^«-'- f^^Jji^J 
Galloway breed ; which would also ^-P-J^j^^^^rde- 
the chest, in which, the Devonshire cattle are oRen 

^''txamples of the good effects of crossing the breeds_ 

The great improvement of the breed of hors- ,n^^^^^^^ 
land arose from crossing with those du-nutive StaH on , 
Barbs, and Arabians ^and "o^^^^^^^^^ 
mares into this country was the source ot imp 

by crossing with the small Chinese boar. 

Examples of the bad effects of crossing the breeds 
When it became the f^n^Lon^^^^^^^^^^ 
bay horses, the farmers in \orksnire pu 

_J -—; . . „„on why some of our very popu- 

„.l ,-orm .nd colour 1 It m»y be » re«'on «hy _^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

Ur «.mon8, being ovena.ked, have h"'"^ '^ ,,„„^ f,,, himself, for m- 
„. power .n.l fame. Every reader ""fy;*^ \,^ j^e princ.ple applies. 
,.».rcea, to ^ how far and ^o}^^^l^'^^\\::il „„ch more important 

After all, in an """T'^'"?. hi vlcauae t ia Am Mood that •, to b. 
that the atallion ahould be all right because 

iitfuaed far and wide.— J. 8. ».J 



much larger stallions than usual, and thus, did infinite 
mischief to their breed, by producing a race of smaU 
chested, long legged, large boned worthless animals.* 

A similar project was adopted in Normandy, to en- 
lar<re the breed of Horses there by the use of stallions 
from Holstein ; and, in consequence, the best breed of 
Horses in France would have been spoiled, had not the 
farmers discovered their mistake in time, by observing 
the offspring much inferior in form, to that of the native 

stallions. , ^, _ , 

Some graziers in the Island of Sheppey, conceived 
that they could improve their sheep by large Lmcoln- 
shire rams, the produce of which, however, was much 
inferior in the shape of the carcase, and the quality of 
the wool ; and their flocks were greatly mjured by this 
attempt to improve them. 

Attempts to improve the native animals of a country, 
by any plan of crossing, should be made with the great- 
est caution ; for, by a mistaken practice extensively pur- 
sued, irrepara ble injury may be done. 

♦ fThia was the effect experienced in Maryland, by the ^"^f.^f^ 

• 1 1 his was me eu F . ,. ( ^j, gort n England, imported 

coach.hor«, we want substance but «'',^»"''»»' '3X 

deep, well-proportioned body, r.smg m t''*J''f'"V':''^u„d, flit, short 

ders. short back well ribbed home, and broad loms ^^^. • ^^^ 

legs with plenty of bone under the >'"«« '""''^^-^nTrge hackneys. 
"In fact, coach-horses should be ""'^ing more than g ^^^ 

varying in height from 15 hands .nc^ '^i always «>mn.ard a h;^ 
horses, of good colour, and well matched. ^^l^J j^ ^.^ ^„^^ 
figure from the swelled heads .n our arge <=' r""?" ""^j tJ ^y^ 
rich .. the conduiU of exchange, between the producer u.<J 
turner of Agriculture and Manufacture..— • »• o-J 




In any country where a particular race of animals aas 
continued for centuries, it may be presumed that their 
constitution is adapted to the food and climate. 

The pliancy of the animal economy is such, as that an 
animal will gradually accommodate itself to great vicis- 
situdes in climate and alterations in food ; and by de- 
grees undergo great changes in constitution ; but these 
changes can be affected only by degrees, and may often 
require a greater number of successive generations for 
their accomplishment. ^ 

It may be proper to improve the form of a native race, 
out at the same time it may be very injudicious to attempt 

to enlarge their size. , .1 -i 

The size of animals is commonly adapted to the soil 
which they i'lhabit ; where produce is nutritive and abun- 
dant, the animals are large, having grown proportionally 
to the quantity of food which for generations they have 
been accustomed to obtain. Where the produce is 
scanty, the animals are small, being proportioned to the 
quantity of food which they were able to procure Of 
these contrasts the sheep of Lincolnshire and of Wales 
are examples. The sheep of Lincolnshire would starve 
on the mountains of Wales. 

Crossing the breed of animals may be attended with 
bad effects in various ways ; and that, even when adopted 
in the beginning on a good principle ; for instance sup- 
pose some larger ewes than those of the native breed 
were taken to the mountains of Wales and put to the 
rams of that country ; if these foreign ewes were fed in 
proportion to their size, their lambs would be of an im- 
proved form and larger in size than the native animals ; 
but the males produced by tliis cross, though ot a ^ood 
form, would be disproportionate in size to the natue 
ewes; and therefore, if permitted to mix with them, 
' would be productive of a standing ill-formed \m%ei^y 



I'hus a cross which, at first, was an improvement, would, 
by giving occasion to a contrary cross, ultimately pre- 
judice the breed. 

The general mistake in crossing has arisen from an 
attempt to increase the size of a native race of animals ; 
being a fruitless effort to counteract the laws of nature. 

The Arabian Horses are, in general, the most perfect 
in the world ; which probably has arisen from great care 
in selection, and also from being unmixed wuth any va- 
riety of the same species, the males have therefore never 
been disproportioned in size to the females. 

The native Horses of India are small, but well propor- 
tioned, and good of their kind. With the intention of 
increasing their size, the India company have adopted & 
plan of sending large stallions to India. If these stal- 
lions should be extensively used, a disproportioned race 
must be the result, and a valuable breed of Horses be 
irretrievably spoiled. 

From theory, from practice, and from extensive, ob- 
servation, whicn is more to be depended upon than either, 
it is reasonable to form this conclusion, that it is wrong to 
enlarge a native breed of animals ; for in proportion to 
their increase of size, they become worse in form, less 
hardy, and more liable to disease.* 

• [For this plain reason, our farmers should have recourse to well-formed 
bulli of a smaller or middling size, rather than to those of a larger breed 
than the average size of their own cattle, and also why it is far better 
in employ compact, short-backed, well-formed, thorough-bred stallions, 
than cold-blooded stallions of larger size. 

Essential difference has been found, by analysis in France, beiween 
the blood of the ordinary Horse and that of the aristocratic lace de- 
scended from the south-eastern courser. It is stated to be less serous 
than that of the common Horse. One cannot but admire the ardour 
with which, in France, they are now a[)plying the sciences to enlighten 
all branches of agriculture, as it has been so much more and more suc- 
cpsafuily applied to other industries. A socit-ty of the first men of 
that country is devoted to the mfliorfiti<m of the Horse, and they under 
<ake IG predict Uie time n >t distant when '' lu sdence dtt chevU^' tb« 





^-.cnce of the anatomy and physiology "V'-. «» ;7;;'' *" "" "*'' 

rder.too.l and agreed upon as any P"'-'P^;^ ",^;",^:'J;ed «, n.nch 
The reason that, in our country, ''8-.«="''"« ^aa bene _ 

less by the application o the •";";,^'' '^j, ,t ^ ionJemr^^^^^ 

„.ent has a tendency to rf,,p<«eMj.«^^^ ^,, ^,i,„,, .h. 

Instead of compelling the ^<=°"»"'"*' ^„*" _ <„ ^o^e from abroad a> 
wheelwright, and .11 """""['-'"""f ^ITestto them, the 
well » at home and settle d°«''V °*";''; ^ad roads_to expend haU 
«— ♦^^ . T^nlirv which compels them — over oaa roauB f o ai 

ST^r^d'l in carrying it'to the fashioner and consvm-r.- J. 8. 8.] 


To every lover of the Horse, possessed of a knowledge 
of his fine points and capabilities, it must be lamentable 
to perceive how miserably ignorant and careless the mass 
of breeders of that noble animal appear to be, as to all 
the precautions w^hich are indispensable to maintain him 
at the point of excellence which is known to be attainable 
— much less by well-digested and rational systems of 
breeding and rearing throughout the country, to meliorate 
his form and invigorate his constitution ; and on no one 
*)oint is there, seemingly, more pernicious indifference 
displayed than in regard to the condition of the stallions 
they employ, as set forth in the Essay w^hich these re- 
marks are intended to introduce. 

Well has it been said, in the introduction to the ^^An- 
nales des Haras et de V Agriculture ^"^^ that if the import- 
ance of a question is to be measured by the number of 
those who are occupied with it, that of the multiplicat 
and of the amelioration of the Horse ought to hold tti-, 
first rank in Political and Rural economy. The traditions 
of antiquity — those of nations, whether barbarous or 
enlightened — writings the most ancient as well as the 
"aost modern — prove to us v le estimation which Man, 
m all times, has attached to this his most noble conquest, 
to use the expression of Buffon. The Horse, as there 
allejred, is in truth the most fruitful source of the richts 
of States, by his indispensable instrumentality in ihr 
cultivation of the soil. He is one of the most direct 
Mgents of their power by the use that is made of him in 
armies, whether in peace or in war ; and has contrihiiUMi 
liurh moie than Is generally considered, to the civilizH 



tion of communities, by facilitating intercourse betwer,. 
ihem and the individuals of whom they are composed. 

It is not, then, astor.ishing that in the abstract, so much 
importance should be attached to the muhiphcation and 
improvement of an animal so useful ; but is it not 
Jazing that this universal admission of his value and 
the general interest of society in cultivating his finest 
nnalities, should give rise to no association or system in 
our country, based on reason, and guided by scientific 
principles? On the contrary, everything is left to chance 
io ignorance, and to narrow and sordid calculations of 
economy. True, we have societies that group the Horse 
with every other animal and thing, and offer petty pre- 
miums for the mere exhibition of the best that may 
happen to be convenient to, or purchased for the show , 
but should not an object so important be made the sub- 
ject of special associations, and of legislative encourage- 
ment, directed to a thorough investigation of the princi- 
ples to be followed in all enlarged and judicious plan 
for the melioration of the whole race? Look at the 
amount of capital involved in the whole Umoii-4 365 669 
horses. Value these at an average of $ 50, and we ha e 
a capital of f 218,283,450, which, with anything like 
iu<lgment or system, might be brought to an average 
mpfovement of at least twenty per cent, in a few years 
What is the number lost by exposure to sudden ^ 
situdes of weather-to ,ad shoeing-m short to .1 
treatment and ignorar:e of the n>«"^g^"^^"^J^"^ J'^J, 
remedies prescribed in this workuo one can v^Bntur^j^ 
estimate. Youatt sets down the loss of cattle by disea« 
.nllly in England at $ 50,000,000 '--and the oss f 
.heep at one-tenth of the whole number; and hough 
,her. the veterinary art is taught as a science in he en 
dowed colleges, and regular P^^.f^^^^^.^P";-* ^' j! 
Oiroughou. Ht kmgdom, he says it is difficult .o sa, 



wL a ii is tlie greater source of this immense loss to tlk 
ftjrriculture of the country — " the ignorance and obstinacy 
of the servant and the cow-leech, or the ignorance and 
mpineness of the owner. "^^ The Horse, in a state of 
nature, even the colt — until subjected to ignorant hand- 
ling and cruel management, is much healthier than after 
he comes under the hands of him who ought to be his 
kindest friend; 

If such be the immense mortality in England, what 

nust it be among Horses in this country, where not one 

farmer in a hundred knows how to tell the colic from 

the botts, or the thrush from the scratches — ignorant 

alike of symptoms and of treatment ? 

Properly appreciating the importance of a constant 
supply of Horses for their cavalry, as one of the most 
efficient arms of her military power— the French Govern- 
ment takes it upon itself to supply its thirty-six thousand 
communes with stallions, whose services are put at the 
lowest rate, the average being set down at 5 or 10 francs, 
(one or two dollars,) and these stallions are required to 
be not under a certain age— four at the least— nor under 
a certain standard of height, according as they are tho- 
rough-bred, half-bred, or slow draft : 1 m. 49 centimes, 
or a fraction over 14.2 for thorough-bred; 1 m. 55 c. 
for half-bred ; and 1 m. 55 c. for heavy draft stallions— 
and undergo every year rigid inspection, to guard not 
only against palpable deformity of shape, but against 
any latent or transmissible diseases. Opposed as is the 
genius of our political institutions to regulations, too 
minute, of individual industry and concerns, yet it is 
hard to say why a planter's tobacco or his butter should 
be subjected to rigid inspection, and condemned and 
taken from him for bad quality or short weight, and yet 
that any fat, lazy, lounging rapscallion should be allowed 
to set up a public stallion without spirit or action. anJ 


. fte„ tainted with hoecJ.tary disorder or defecl 
^,u oRen tainua everything he 

of body or te«^-r-to 10 nn a I ^^^.^^^ ^^^^ 

.s allowed to touch. 1 '»^^A'^.^?'" .' . ^^ ^f perfection 
their breed of Horses to the ^'g^^e ^^g^^^ °' ^^ ^^ j^,,, 

of which they consider ^^^..^^^'.^'rit endurance. 

,.eserved their ^^^-'^^^fZr^^^^^^ --'^""^ "' 
.ith highly "Jg--^^. r;;; „7tt;, ions until approvea 
limb, by prohibiting ^ ^^"^^j^/.f ,u kinds of Horses," 

^'^"^r::3^tt of ^r-^^^^^^ ,,„,e all others, 
says Nimrod, - but ot purchasing or 

scarcely require to be ^^"^lone g ^^^^^.^^ ^^^_ 

.reeding roin -res, or^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ inferior is 

Rttutionally interior. cy „„ m fail in the legs and 
chiefly implied, having a ^«"^7y;°J^;VJ our present 
feet /uring their training ^"^^^^Zl^Ly o'f train- 
pacing breed «« gj-n to-alth-^^^^^^ y ^^^^^ ^^ 

ing is not equal to ^^^^.^^ ^ individual sorts ; but, 

says he, ^« '=°""' "^ . ^„^ jaise.l, whose progeny 
,he greatest exP-« 7,,,i, owners' money, en- 

'"r Tom this cueTlfter instancing numerous case, 
tirely from this cause, j;cpases— glanders among 

to show the heritableness oij^-^ g ^^^^i^,. 

others- of horses, sheep, and cattle ^^^^^^ 

.ations," continues an ^""^"f .fj^^^Yof the greatest 
Dupuy, on the Veterinary ^^^^ ^^^^^^^eoupUng and 
moment, since we have it in ^^ssen he number of anw 
crossing well-known bjee<3s,.to kssen the ^^^^ 

„als predisposed to these f «^^^«; f i^^",^ ^We must 
ideas our line of conduct is ^^J^^^ ^^J ^he 

banish from our ^^^^'^^'^^"'^"j'' , ^1 of tuberculous 
breed, such animals as show any Mgns 

disease or any analogous ^ff«<; "'f ; ^^ i„,roduc- 


of the sta\lion — anonymously written by some geutle- 
jnan who has evidently observed the precaution to*> 
often neglected ; to understand his subject^ before he 
oegan to speak upon it. It is taken from the <' Farmers' 
Library," for which it was written, and where, it 
way be needless to say, such waiters will always be truly 
,.elcome. As against the assertion of Surgeon Cline, 
with whom the author of this Essay agrees as to the pre- 
dominant influence of the male in characterizing the 
progeny, we have, in another place, arrayed the opinion 
of Mr. Johnson, it is but fair here to adduce, in support 
of the affirmative side of the proposition, the all-power- 
ful testimony of Mr. Apperly, who says : « Virgil, in 
his excellent remarks on breeding Horses, tells those of 
his readers who wish to gain prizes to look at the dam ; 
and until of very late years, it was the prevailing opinion 
of Englishmen that in breeding a racer the mare is more 
essential than the Horse, in the production of him in his 
highest form ; and we know it to have been the notion 
entertained by the late Earl of Grosvenor — the most ex- 
tensive though not perhaps the most successful breeder 
of thorough-bred stock that England ever saw. The 
truth of this supposition, however, has not been confirmed 
by the experience of the last half century, and much 
more dependence is now placed on the stallion than on 
the mare. The racing calendar, indeed, clearly proves 

the fact. 

« Notwithstanding the prodigious number of very highly 
bred and equally good mares that are every year put to 
the horse, it is from such as are put to our very best 
stallions that the great winners are produced. This can 
in no other way be accounted for than by such horses 
having the faculty of imparting to their progeny the 
peculiar external and internal formation absolutely essen- 
tial to the first-rate race-horse ; or, if the tprm < blooo' 

39 • 


oe insisted on, that certain innate but not preternalur* 
virtue peculiarly lelonging to some horses, but not U 
others, which, when it meets with no opposition from the 
mare-or, in the language of the stable, wheje ' the cross 
nicks' by the mare admit of a junction of good shapes- 
seldom fails in producing a race-horse in his very best 

"After all, when the reader shall have carefully perused 
the following disquisition, he will, we think be apt to 
Cncur with us in the belief that incalculable loss and 
deterioration ensue from an almost universal want ol 
attention to the condition of the stallion, and from igno- 
ranee in what true condition consists. The maxim of 
the^der of the ox may be embraced in the words 
u,arndh, cleanliness and qui^t. Not so with the grazier 
of stock-cziile-iov they may be kept too ^a^J^ 5 "°r 
with the owner of a Stallion ; yet too generally they 
manage him as if he had nothing to do but to eat dnnk, 
and .Lp-except when suddenly aroused to go through 
violent agitation to the opposite extreme. 

_0n the subject of the comparative agency of the 
„.ale and female parent in the modification of the progeny 
in form and character, as sir Roger expressed it "much 
„av be said on both sides." There needs no citation 
of instances to show the influence of the male progenitor 
in modifying the exterior form and colour, of the otl 
;rmg, a.d'may we not infer it in -gard to its intern^ 

Lcfure, its temper and '^^^^^^'^^^^'''''''^IZZ 
deny the share of the female parent in the ™^f ^^^ 
_see how often the calf, in its marks, ^f^its an exact 
copy of its dam. But there are cases of what is called 
IlJJrfcBtation, which go to show some 
power of the male in transmitting ^l^-^-'.^'%Zl^ 
he second and third generation on the fruits of sub^ 
,,aent conceptions from sexual intercourse between th« 



same dam and other males. No fact in Natural Hidtorj 
need to be better proved ; and circumstances lead us ti» 
believe, though we are not aware that the question has 
occurred to naturalists, that this always occurs with th# 
first or virgin conception; and if so, it admonishes the 
breeder to be especially particular in the selection of the 
male to which is granted the high privilege of the first 
access. Out of many cases that might be referred to, 
the reader's memory may be here refreshed as to two that 
are somewhat familiar. 

Twenty-six years ago, in the London Farmer's Journal 
was recorded the ease which had then lately appeared 
in the Philosophical Transactions, on the authority of 
Earl Moreton, stating that his lordship possessed a male 
animal called Quagga by the Hottentots — in whose 
mountains they abound. It closely resembles the Zebra, 
but of a smaller size. He determined on obtaining a 
foal by this animal, from a chestnut-coloured mare of 
seven-eighths blood, which had never been bred from. 
This gross prostitution — as we should call it — took place, 
and accordingly a female hybrid progeny was produced, 
which bore, in form and colour, decided indications of 
mixed blood, but proved incapable of breeding— as is al- 
most universally the case with mules ; but not quite^ as the 
writer has proved in his edition of Youatt on the Horse, 
^Lea& Blanchard,) on the most unquestionable testimony. 
This mare of seven-eighth Arabian blood w^as soon 
after sold to Sir Gore Ousley, who afterward bred from 
her, by a very fine black Arabian stallion, two colts. 
These Lord Moreton went to see and examine,— the one 
a two-year old filly ; the other a yearling colt— both of 
which were as strongly characterized by Arabian bloo»t 
as might be expected where there was fiftcen-sixteenthii 
of it present— but both in their colour and hair of theii 
manes, they showed a striklvg resemblance Uf the cudgga 



The whole, statement was fully verifie to the Society l>j 
Doctor Woolaston, a member of it, who exammed both 
the filly and colt, and who was « distinguished for his 
very extensive knowledge." 

Following the communication of Lord Moreton in the 
Transactions, is one from Dr. Woolaston, relating liie 
case of a black and white sow, of Mr. Western's cele- 
brated breed of hogs (she being the property of a Mr. 
Giles) which was put to a wild boar, of a deep chestnuJ 
colour, that was soon after by accident drowned. TU 
higs produced, which were the sow's/rsHitter— partook 
in appearance of both boar and sow, but in some the 
chestnut colour of the boar strongly prevailed. This 
sow was afterward put to a boar of Mr. Western's breed. 
The pigs produced were some of them stained and clearly 
marked with the chestnut colour which had prevailed in 
the former litter. Her next litter, by a boar of Mr. Wes- 
tern's spotted, black and white breed, were also stained 
with marks of the wUd boar — although m no other in- 
stance, with any other sow, had the least tinge of the 
chestnut colour been observed. 

Another very striking instance of the transmissible in- 
auence which survives the £ 8t and impresses itself on 
subsequent conceptions, occ^ red under the observation 
of the writer of this, and wa^ it is believed, related in a 
small volume scribbled and ■ *blished under the tide of 
<« The Sportsman and his Dog." The case was that of 
a beautiful coach-dog bitch, Annette, presented to him 
by that earnest and efficient promoter of agricultural im- 
provement, GoRHAM Parsons of Massachusetts, along 
with her full brother, Lubin. Though closely watched 
for the first signs of sexual appetite, with a view to a 
Utter of the genuine breed for the great pleasure of giving 
them to friends to whom they were promised a stra, 
dog, of large size, of white colour, except his black ears 



contrived to steal the fust access to the bitch, and in all 
subsequent litters, by Lubin, one pup always appeared 
to attest the indelible impression made in the enthusiasm 
of a first embrace. It may gratify curiosity to note such 
facts, and may serve, beyond all dispute, to show how 
cautious every breeder should be in the cho»r»e of the 
male — especially the one first employed. 

But How vain to endeavour to account for these 
things ! Nature invites us to study her ways, and science 
is most efficiently applied to every art and every industry, 
when it most closely conforms to her laws : but she has 
certain arcana of her own, which she keeps in reserve, 
and which defy the scrutiny of the most curious and im- 
portunate inquirer. We see enough to know that her laws 
are enacted by an All-Wise and Overruling Power ; an J 
can never be too grateful for the faculties that enable us, 
so much above other created beings, to study and under- 
stand them, and yet more for that hopeful thirst for know- 
ledge which is leading us on from one discovery to an- 
other, until, in view of what science is revealing from 
year to year, who shall say how near we may be per- 
mitted to approach the Supreme Intelligence ? Oh that 
our love of peace and of each other, may keep way "fflitk 
our progress in knowledge! — for of those to whom much 
is given, much shall be required — else^ has it been wti 

-«« why WQS Man thus emiiiently raised 

Amid the vast creation 1 Why empowered. 
Through life and death, to cast hitt ti^atchful eye 
"With thought heyond the limits lA his frame — 
But that the Omnipotent might Miid him forth 
In sight of angels and approving worlds : 
Might send him forth the sovei-^ign good to learn \ 
To chase each meaner passion from his hreast, 
And through the storms of passion and of sense 
To hold straight on, with constant heart, and eye 
Still fixed upon Man's everlasting palm, 
The approving »milo of Heaven.'' 




There is, as elsewhere iullmatcd, if we consult Nature 
alwa>racth.g for the best,-reason to conclude it wa-^ 
Sed tifh domestic animals, that the male should 
exert the greater influence over the form and quahties 
Tthe progeny. Were it not so, how slow and mef- 
fectlal Sd le all attempts at amelioration, for tt « 
iTrugh one male that blood and form and are 
imparid to great numbers-while, with the female, but 
ITotry efr ct or result can ^;^^:^Xi:, 
1 rn o most ciurage and strength, thus guarding 
al ns^ the inevitable degeneracy of promiscuous inter- 
fu^elland he again, after a season or two, is supp an^d 
by some rebellious young rival, stronger »f"°t braver 
than he before time enough has elapsed to stamp the 
whole roe by that degeneracy ^vhich follows uwestious 
mecoure bng continued. Here again we are invited 
rofSlow, and,'as art may always cjo^Z-P-^.J-;^ 
*.e do follow, the laws of Nature. But, alas of b eedc« 
of atimals it'may be said, "t^hey ^^^ ^^b^ ^^ JJ 
inventions" that violate her laws and the Lonseque c 
is a miserable race of ill-formed, decrepit garrans, m 
:iTfor harness nor saddle, for the road or the c.ase 
for peace nor for war. bot to. anythmpr but-dog . meat. 




The word condition is used by horsemen in a different' 
sense from that in which it is understood as applied to 
cattle by the mass of farmers. By condition the farmer 
often means a high state of fatness ; the horseman, on 
the contrary, makes use of the word to indicate the 
greatest health and strength produced by reducing all 
superiluous fat, bringing the mere flesh into clean, hard 
and powerful muscle, and invigorating the lungs and 
other internal organs, so that they may promptly discharge 
their respective functions, and suffer no damage from 
uncommon stress — the whole in order to the animal's 
performing labours and sustaining a continuance of action 
to which he would not be adequate without such especial 

By the Condition of a Stallion is meant the state of 
the system in which the male horse should be kept, in 
order to deriving from him the greatest excellence in the 

Too many persons are content to breed their mares to 
a horse whose figure suits them, without regard to his 
condition. The mention of one prominent instance alone 
will be sufficient to show that good condition is essential 
to the production of a valuable progeny. A remarkable 
case occurred in England some years since, in so high 
d quarter as to attract public attention, and consequently 
th 3 fact of the account's obtaining currency without con- 
Cradiction is a fair evidence of its correctness. The 
Prince of Wales, who afterwards became George the 
Fourth, ovs^ned, and was in the habit of riding as a hun- 
ter, an entire horse of uneq-ualled excellence. In conse- 
quence of this horse's superior qualities. His Royal 
Hii'hxiess caused a few of his own mares to be breU lo 




ni.n in the spring, after he had been kej.t in the higher 
•condition as a hunter throughout the winter, and the 
produce, on growing up, proved every way worthy of 
their sire. When His Royal Highness, as Pnnce Regent, 
became seriously engaged in the cares of Government, 
and therefore relinquished the pleasures of the chase, 
being desirous to perpetuate the fine qualities of this 
stock, he ordered the horse to be kept at Windsor for 
public covering, provided the mares should be of the 
first quality ; and in order to insure a sufficient number 
of these, directed the head groom to keep him exclu- 
sively for such, and to make no charge, with the ex- 
ception of the customary groom's-fee of half a guinea 
each The groom, anxious to pocket as many half 
guineas as possible, published His Royal Highness's 
liberality, and vaunted the qualities of the horse, in order 
o persuade all he could to avail themselves of the 
benefit. The result was, the horse being kept without 
his accustomed exercise and in a state of repletion, anc 
serving upward of a hundred mares yearly, that the stock, 
although tolerably promising in their early age, shot u^ 
into lank, weakly, awkward, leggy, good-for-nothing 
creatures, to the entire ruin of the horse's character as a 
sire— until some gentleman, aware of the cause, took 
pains to explain it, proving the correctness of their state- 
ments by reference to the first of the horse's get, produc.-d 
under a proper system of breeding, and which were then 
in their prime, and among the best horses m England. 

Almost every observing fanner in this country ha» 
lemarked that whenever, within his knowledge, an or- 
dinary work-horse has, by chance, covered a tolerably 
good mare, the foal thus produced has, at maturity, 
almost invariably become a better animal than it wab 
expected to be, and in many cases proved quite superior 
lo the get of the high-priced and highly pampered Mai- 



lions of the neighbourhood. What was the cause of 
this ? Condition. The work-horse, by constant and 
severe exercise, was brought into heahh and strength, 
and his stock partook of the state of his system at the 
time oi copulation. Why is it that many experienced 
farmers, after having tried the best stallion within tbeit 
knowledge, frequently resort to the keeping of one of 
theii own colts or farm-horses entire, for the service of 
their mares, and actually obtain as large and as good 
and saleable stock from such a one, as that from the 
public stallions of far superior size, form, blood, and all 
other qualities, except this indispensable condition ? 

It may be stated that, generally, whenever the get of 
a stallion has proved, at maturity, to be of remarkable 
excellence comparatively with the sire, such horse has 
been, at and previously to the time of getting such val- 
uable stock, kept without pampering, without excessive 
sexual service, and with a good share of exercise or 

To show the effect of a peculiar state of the system in 
the parents at the time of copulation, instances may be 
cited from various sources. We will content ourselves 
with two — and first take a lamentable case in the human 
species as given in the valuable work on " The Consti- 
tution of Man," by George Combe: 

" In the summer of 1827, the practitioner alluded to 
was called upon to visit professionally a young woman 
hi the immediate neighbourhood, who was safely deliv- 
ered of a male child. As the parties appeared to be 
respectable, he made some inquiries regarding the ab- 
sence of the child's father, when the old woman told him 
*hat her daughter was still unmarried ; that the child's 
^athe»* belonged to a regiment in Ireland ; that last autumn 
ne had obtained leave of absence to visit his» friends in 
tliis part of the country, and that, on the eve of his de- 



'the condition of a stallion. 

pariure t</ join his regiment, an entertainment was given, 
at which her daughter attended. During the whole 
evening she and the soldier danced and sang together; 
when heated by the toddy and the dance, they left the 
cottage and after the lapse of an hour were found to- 
eether in a glen, in a state of utter insensibility, from 
Sie effects of their former festivity ; and the consequence 
of this interview was the birth of an idiot. He is now 
nearly six years of age, and his mother does not believe 
that he is able to recognise either herself or any other 
individual. He is quite incapable of making signs 
whereby his wants can be made known, with tb.s ex- 
ception, that when hungry he gives a wild shriek. This 
IS a case upon which it would be painful to dwell, and 
1 shall only remark that the parents are both intelligent, 
and that the fatal result cannot otherwise be accounted 
for than by the almost total prostration or eclipse of the 
intellect of both parties from intoxication." 

For another instance of a peculiar constitution denvea 
from a parent at the time of copulation, and owing to a 
temporary excitement of the animal, a respectable farmer 
related to the writer of this Essay that he witnessed the 
effect of pain and nervous agitation on a stallion just 
before the moment of covering, in the production of a 
wild, timid, violent and worthless colt. The sire was in 
repute as one of the best horses ever kept in the dis- 
trict • and his stock afterward justified the opinion. The 
groom became angry and beat him in his stall in a cruel 
manner, and then led him out and allowed him to cover 
the mare, which was one of a perfectly quiet and orderly 
temper. The consequence was the production of an 
animal totally valueless, as above mentioned. 

That the doctrine here held is no <« new thing under 
'he sun " is evident from many venerated authors. Plu- 
tarch says " The advice which I am now about to give, 


is indeed no other than what hath been given by those 
who have undertaken this argument befoie me. You 
will ask me what is that ? 'Tis this, that no man keep 
company with his wife for issue sake, but when he is 

sober as not having before either drunk any wine, or, 

at least, not to such a quantity as to distemper him ; for 
they usually prove wine-bibbers and drunkards whose 
parents begot them when they were drunk ; wherefore, 
Diogenes said to a stripling somewhat crack-brained and -. 
half-witted, < Surely, young man, thy father begot thee 
when he was drunk ?' " 

Shakspeare intimates the same belief in making a hero 
insult his enemies with the taunt 

" For ye were got in fear." 

On no Other known principle than this condition, or a 
peculiar state of the system at and before the time of 
copulation, can be explained the important fact which 
forms at once a criterion of skill in the scientific breeder, 
and a stumbling-block to the ignorant and unreasonable 
one, who would expect success without giving himself 
the trouble of investigating the natural laws which govern 
the subject of his operation : such a person is too apt to 
argue within himself that because the same parents at 
different times produce offspring of opposite character- 
istics, there can be no certain rules by which to create ^ 
determinate qualities in the progeny : such a one would 
maintain that, because all the children of one married 
couple are usually somewhat different in characteristics 
from each other, there can be no means of predictmg, 
with an approach to certainty, the qualities to be pro- 
duced in the offspring by a particular sexual intercourse . 
Now this law of condition accounts for the difference 
between individuals produced at several births from tlu: 
.ame parents. The case of twins, in the human species, 
serves to strengthen this argument, inasmuch as the two 



persons produced at one birth usually beai a close resem 
ulance to each other, in all respects. 

It is known that ideal impressions on the femal 
parent, subsequent to conception, frequently take per- 
manent effect on the offspring. That such causes do not 
usually give the leading characteristics to the progeny, 
is evident from these considerations : 

1st The consequences of such impressions on the 
female, are usually somewhat of an unnatural or mon- 
strous order, being different from the traits of either 
parent, and from the common nature of the variety to 
which the animals belong. 

2d. It is a settled point with breeders that the pro- 
geny is more strongly characterized by the traits of he 
male, than by those of the female parent. This fact is 
well known ; and indeed it can hardly be expected other- 
wise than that the sex which bears so much the stronger 
impress of character, should impart the more visible re- 
semblance to the offspring. 

3d. It is an ascertained law of Nature, that peculiar- 
ities of climate, food, occupation and most other circum- 
stances affecting the well-being of an animal, FO^je :n 
its constitution a change such as is necessary for the wel- 
fare of the species; and that this proceeds throughout 
niany generations, until the animal becomes completely 
adapted to the circumstances of its existence. [The 
same thine occurs in the vegetable kmgdom.] 

Thil laft consideration, of the gradually altered state 
of an animal through successive generations, is a strong 
, instance of the effect of condition ; and it is by a regard 
t'lhis invariable law of Nature, of self-adaptation o c.r- 
cumsiances, that the cultivation or improvement o any 
oreea is to be effected. » Hence the most acid nd 
worthless grape is by skilful culture rendered swet and 
iiscious, flowery without attraction are gradually nurtured 



into beauty and fragrance ; the cat may be made to pre- 
sent all the rich colours of the tortoise-shell, and the 
pigeon may be ' bred to a feather.' " 

Let us now endeavour to deduce a useful, practical 
conclusion from the foregoing arguments. If our doc- 
trine be correct, the horse-breeder will depend upon the 
condition of the stallion, in order to the producing of 
valuable stock from him, as well as upon his other qual- 
ities of pedigree, speed, action, bottom, wind, temper, 
spirit, form, style, size, colour, &c. 

The next practical question is, how this condition is 
to be attained, and how the animal is to be kept at the 
required standard in this respect. The requisite conditwri 
is only to be attained by trainmg for health and strength 
in a great measure according to the system of Uaining 
for races : supplying an abundant nounshment of the 
best quality, allowing sufficient periods of repose for di- 
gestion, and giving regular and strong exercise, the 
whole with such variations as only experience and close 
observation, under constant practice, can dictate. 

The aptitude of an animal to benefit by training is 
often inherited, like other qualities, from its pi^rentage ; 
and judicious breeding alone can insure a continuance 
of the desirable quality, or create a propensity for it by 
proper crossing, when it does not exist in the parents. 

The age at which the horse is best adapted to under- 
go a course of training, is just at the close of his most 
fapid period of growth, while the system is in its great 
es? freshness and vigour. This period is at abo. five 
years old. The powers of a horse will augment by suit- 
able treatment in this respect until about the age of nine 
years: and, in order to obtaining the most valuable 
stock, a Mallion should not be put to service before a - 
■ laining a full development of his P--^' "^ ^^f^^^ .' 
»fttr his form or energies appear to W affe^ed for tb. 








Hp .hould be then, between five and fifteen 
::::s of r.e,tf o «„ :;clinar constitution ; but if of re. 
Sable rn^rgy and endurance, and -hib^n^^^^^^^^^ 
torn of debility, may be contmued ^^''^ ^'''' l^'"^^' 
Trainers find their endeavours to produce he highest 

J:Z strength, in an anirna^eatly ^^^^^ 


necessary w f forcibly a tone of health 

out the year, impressing ^^''J'^2.e when his nerves 
un(\ strength upon his system at ttie time wucii 
a^ liabk to L least distraction; and contmumg the 
Ise carefully thoroughout the -son ^f -^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
never allowing such excess of service ^^ "^ *^^^^^^^^ 
ment of sexual appetite, as to induce a disturbance oi 
Tp ri o temper, or a relapse from the most thorough!, 
Zoll healthy and regular tone of the .y^t^m. ^ ^ 


TiiB following Tables may be so often useful to the classes of 
persons for whom this work is intended, that it has been thought 
expedient to give them a place. 

The list of medicines embraces such as ought to be kept con- 
stantly on hand, not only in every training and livery stable, but 
by every farmer and breeder who aspires to good management, and 
to deserve the praise of all men who happen to visit his establish- 
ment, and who know, as the French say, what is comme il fauL 
Some other medicines might well be added, but il is thought best 
not tu leave any excuse to the indolent and improvident to say tnat 
too much is required — but we will begin with 


Apothecaries' or Troy weight is most usually employed in medi 
fine. In this, a pound contains twelve ounces : 

1 lb. is 5760 Troy grains. 

9 oz. or three-quarters of a lb 4320 " *• 

6 " "ahalflb 2880 " « 

3 ** " one-fourth of a lb 1440 ** « 

1 « " 8 drachms 480 ♦« « 

7 drachms 420 *« « 

6 « 360 *♦ « 

§ « 300 •* « 

4 « or a half oz 240 « « 

9 « 180 « « 

% u 120 »* • 

I tt ^ 60 « « 

Iscniple ..' 20 " « 

apothecaries' weight. 

Twenty grains one scruple 

Three scruples one drachnr 

Eight drachms one ounce. 

Twelve ounces one pound. 


Sixty drops one fluid drachm. 

Eight fluid drachms one fluid ounce. 

Four fluid ounces a measure or naggii. 

Sixteen fluid ounces one fluid pint. 

Eight fluic pints — . . . one gallon. 






. » u- h n.,aht to be at hand about every training and 


Alods, Barbadoes, 

Arrow Root, 
BaKlicon, yellow, 
Castile Soap, 
Goulard's Extract, 
Hog's Lard, 

Linseed Meal, 


Oil of Caraway, 

Oil, Castor, 

Oil of Cloves, 

Oil of Olives, 



Spanish Flies, 
Sweet Spirit of NiU© 
Spirit of Turpentine, 
Salt, common. 
Soft Soap, 

Tartar Emetic, 

Tincture of Myrrh, 

Venus Turpentine, 


Vitriol, Blue, 



White Lead. 

Apparatus for Compounding Medianet. 
A box of small weights and scales, for the weighing of medicine^ 
in small portions, as from a grain to two drachms -the weighU 

-t^;:^^t^:^'^^ one pair of pound scale. . one 
^Ti:duin I^Xe measure of fluids, mar.ed with English 
oharacters. , _„ .„, 

^e K :"1 re rail patt Vnife_to .ix and spread pU,.e« 
JrtUla necessary to be kept far adm.nuteHng and applying Median,,. 
Improved Ball Iron. 

?[:„ti!!forThe app.yin. of fomenution. and pou.Uc... 
Woollen and linen bandages. 
Tow, and broad coarse tape. 


Elastij tube. 

Fleam and blood stick, 

ADscess lancet. 

Tooth rasp, with a guard. 


Seton, and curved needles. 
Improved casting hobbles, 
Brushes, cuirywinbs, kc, of 




Day Bulled. 

Jan'y 1 
« 7 
« 14 
tt 21 
" 28 
« 31 

Feb'y 1 
« 7 
«« 14 
« 21 
« 28 

Mar. 1 

u 7 

« 14 

« 21 

" 28 

" 31 

Will Calve. 

Day Bulled, 

Oct'r 8 
« 14 
" 21 
• « 28 
Nov. 4 
" 7 
•* 8 

a 14 
tt 21 
" 28 

Dec'r 5 
" 6 
" 12 
" 19 
" 26 

Jan'y 2 
" 5 

Will Calve. 

April 1 
« 7 
" 14 
u 21 
" 28 
" 30 

May 1 
« 7 
« 14 
" 21 
« 28 
« 31 

June 1 
« 7 
u 14 

" 21 
" 28 
" 50 

Day bulled. 

Jan'y 6 
" 12 
« 19 
" 26 

Feb'y 2 
« 4 
" 5 
« 11 
« 18 
" 25 

Mar. 4 

" 7 

" 8 
tt 14 

tt 21 

« 28 

April 4 


Will C»lve. 


July 1 
« 7 
" 14 
« 21 
" 28 
" 31 

Aug. 1 
« 7 
tt 14 

« 21 

« 28 

« 31 

Sept. 1 
ii 7 

u 14 

tt 21 

" 28 

« 30 

Day Bulled. 

April 7 
« 13 
" 20 
« 28 

May 4 
" 8 
" 9 
« 15 
" 22 
« 29 

June 5 
" 8 
« 9 
«* 15 
« 22 
" 29 
July 6 

Will Calve. 


Oct'r 1 
tt 7 

tt 14 

« 21 

« 28 

" 31 

Nov. 1 
a 7 

tt 14 

tt 21 

« 28 

" 30 

Dec'r 1 
tt 7 

u 14 

" 21 
" 28 
" 31 

July 9 
« 15 
" 22 
" 29 

Aug. 5 
" 8 
« 9 
" 15 
tt 21 
" 29 

Sept. 5 
tt 7 

" 8 
«» 21 
« 21 
" 28 
Oct'r 5 
« 8 


When to 

Will Lamb. 

Jan'y 1 
tt 14 

Feb'y 1 

" 14 

Mar. 1 

44 14 

May 27 
June 10 

« 28 
July 12 

« 26 
Aug. 8 

When to 

Will Lamb. 

April 1 

44 14 

May 1 

44 14 

June 1 

44 14 

Aug. 26 

Sept. 8 

" 22 

Oct'r 8 

When to 

Will Lamb. 

July 1 

tt 14 

Aug. 1 
tt 14 

« 25|Sept. 1 
Nov. 8 1 " 14 

Nov. 25 

Dec'r 9 

« 26 

JanV 8 

« 26 

When to 

Oct'r 1 

44 14 

Nov. 1 

44 14 
Dec'r 1 

Feb'y 9| " 14 

Will Umb. 

Feb. 25 
xMnr. 10 

»' 26 
April 9 

« 25 
May 9 


Should you have anywhere a spare corner, please enter a protest 
in mv name, against the cruel practice recommended, o[ Jinng for 
ihelampas,- which takes its name from the brutal custom among 
o d Wers but now abandoned in England, of burning the swe.l- 
tl down With a red-hot lamp-iron. In most cases, it will sooa 
subside of itself, especially if a few mashes be given, aided by a 
gemle alterative. If need be, a few moderate cuts may be made 
across the bars with a pen-knife. 

Fimnder may be cured, and the traveller pursue his journey the 
ne^TaTbrg^ving a tabU-spoonful of alum I This I got from Dr. 
p Thorrlton, of Montpeliei. Rappahannoc county, Virginia, «a 
(bunded en his own observation in seveial cases. ^ ^ ^ 









T«. :. a gait held in high ^^^^^^^^^'^^^X^^t M. 
Onited Sute., and in Canada ;espec.aUywhe ^^ ^^^^^ 

„i,e within three --^»,„1^;;;^ .e":!: don^t "cotton" io each 
rises by guineas. In the souin, g ^ estrian display is travel- 

action; though a passion f^'^^ ' "^^ jf /.^^aiftora, with some o.he, 
IZ^Ztl Xatib."; wiSr anefent high-horn chivairy. 

On the good Old tracU at^n a.o en,„ ^^ 
„ever let the old Huguenot fires go down you ra y^ ^^^ ^ ^^^^ 

Kg:^\^'^seV-iUf':^^^^^ P-' or throwing hint 
on hif^unohes'when occasion may demand it. 

.11 rmirses in the United States, that 

must be not under 145 pounds. 

In harness, .imply ^^^^'^ :':y^rJu^Z Ve^i^hrf 
choose. They generally weigh ftom 75 to 25^ ^^^^^..^ ^^.g,, 

a trotting wagon is from 125 to .4W io»- 
was about 160 lbs. 

;,„ interesting investigation is ^w going o^-^^'^;^:, 

Srm^t20:^es"w^rn^b^our^ I^a^e -^^^^ 

L result. "^^t-re'offiXrllT M:„y\f the parties 

within °"'J;"°*'r*^"'b°fa;rng performed the above feat, failinj 

betting on Tom ^humb having P ^^^^.^ ^^ 

» procure sausfactory proof thereot, nav v „ ,„ u J 

May, 1845. . 

Fanny Murray .rotted 1<^ mUe. in harness m O^hour.,^ ^^^-^ 
Butc 26 seconds, on the l5th of May, 1»4D, o 
course, Albany. (5?) 


\ggy Down 





Edwin Forrest . . 

Lady Suffolk. .. . 

Lady Suffolk. •. . 

Nonnan Leslie. . 

Saddle or 







2 27, 2 21»i, 2 30, 

2 ao, 2 31, 
2 324,2,31^,2 33, 

2 3«. 
2 35, 2 37, 2 36 . 
2 35, 2 :tt, 2 :« . 
( 2 3<). 2 :«, 2 33, 
j 2 3:^, 2 40, 

2 3U, 2:i3 

2 28i, 2 28, 2 28, 

2 2*>, 2 32, 
2 2()i, 2 27. 2 27 
2 38, 2 3lii, 2 38, 
2 .3!>, 2 :J8, 

Beacon Course, N. J. 

Beacon Course, N. 

Beacon Course, N. 
Beacon Course, N. 

Trenton, N.J. ... 

Ccntreville, L. L . 

Beacon Course, N. 

Beacon Course, N. 

Trenton, N. J. . . . 

Sep. 25, 1815 

June 26, 1843 

June — 1841 
July —1839 

Sep. —1630 

May — 1834 

July 4, 1843 

July 12, 1843 

June — 183(3 


Americus . . . 
Americus. .. 
Black Maria 

Confidence. . 

1). D. Tompkins 



F.dwin Forrest . 
K<lwin Forrest . 


Jnmrs K. Polk . 
Lady Suffolk .. 
Lady Suffolk- .. 
liaiiy StifTblk. • . 















5 13,5 11 

5 17i, 5 17, 5 22 . . 

5 11)^,5 12i 

5 1(>i,5 1(4,5 16, ; 
5 18. 5 2.5, \ 

5 101,5 11 

5 16, 5 00 

5 11.5 16 

5 a5. 5 06 

5 17, 5 13, 
5 24, 5 19, 
5 16, 5 164 . 

4 59, 5 034 • 

5 10, 5 15 . . 
5 17, 5 19, 5 
5 104,5 124 ... 

5 07.5 15 

5 (»7, 5 15, 5 17 

5 17 . 

5 174 


Union Course, L. I. 
Hunting Park, Pa. . 
Cambridge Park . . . 

Cenireville, L. I. . . . 

Centreville, L. 1. . . . 
Beacon Course, N. J. 
Bf^acon Course, N. J. 
Hunting Park, Pa. . 
Hunting Park, Pa. 
Hunting Park, Pa. ■ 
Union Cours»», L. I. 
Centreville, L. I. .. • 
Centreville, L. I. . . . 
B«;aron ('ourse, N. J. 
Beacon (.ourse, N. J 
Hunting Pruk, Pa. . 
Hunting Park, Pa. . 

Oct. 8, 1846 
Oct. 17, 1846 
June 18, 1845 

May — 1841 

Oct. — 18:r7 
April— 1839 
Oct. —1839 
May — 1840 
Oct. — 1838 
June 2. 1846 
Nov. 18, 1846 
Sop. — 1840 
May - 1842 
May 21, 1H44 
May — 1842 
May - 1812 
I May - 1842 




Dutchman . . .. • 



Lady Suffolk 







I.R'lv Suffolk 

Ladv Suffolk . 

Wir Refer 

Rllen Thomi>fion. 




7 58, 8 07 

7 :«4 


7 51.^.7 50,8 02, 

8 2*4, 

7 401, 

8 (K), 7 5«»i 

7.51 . 

Hunting Park, Pa. .June - 18^4 

Beacon Course, N.J. 
Beacon Course, N.J. 

Beacon Course, N. J, 

Hunting Park, Pa. . 
Iluntiiiff Park. Pa. 
B(!acon Course, N.J 

Aug - 183!» 

July - 18311 

Oct. — 1838 

May — 18^10 

Maj - 1811 

Aujf . 18 lit 


11 19, 10 51 

11 I'). 11 •'•'' 

11 •J'i. II r't 
1 1 r< 
1 1 r,.5. 


1! '? 

11 33 

"fntrcvillo, L. I. May — 1^3(\ 

I'-" .,,|r"«.Ml' '. L. T. . . J iu»^ — l"40 

irainbri II'" Park • . N 'V. - 1> 39 

D'lMfi >? »'i'-'<. P:i. i<^»n. - l'-2<> 

B -aro-j Cofirs(«. \. .I.iMiv — t8l2 
















1 48, 1 50, 1 49 
1 50, 1 47. 1 m 
,„„...^„ 150,148,149 

Rja Alick 1 57, 1 47i. 1 50, 1 51 

Cirpt. McHeath. j 1 49, J jH, 1 50 • • • 



by Levi a- ) 
Ml, D. F. V 
iiiner'B, ) 


Dan. Mclntyre 

1 48, 1 49* 

1 48, 1 47f , 1 50 

New Orleans, La. . 
New Orleans, La. . 
Lexington, Ky. ••• 
New Orleans, La. . 
Naghville, Tenn... 
Louisville, Ky. ••• 


Washington, D. C. 



New Orleans, La. 


• ««••••• 

• • • • • • 


1 49 

wan. i».cE..t,.^. ..1 .W, 1 48, 1 51. . . • .... • • • • • • 

Fred. Kaye \\ i 571, 1 5f)i, S" 


150, 148,149i 



151, 146 

New Orleans, La. 
New Orleans, La. 
..iNew Orleans, La. 
Georgetown, Ky. 
Louisville, Ky. • . 

,hnnamDoen..l48', 149,153 Orange C. H., Va. . • 


i uteTnck":::: 4H..^^ S'^.'^'-^^*-- 

:'u'cTcyuuf,.rd-. 1 4«, 1 48. 1 51 h'^:z^ '^. : : 

(Jildersleeve . • . 
Harden'd Sinner 
llou.ri, {Imp.) . • 
Jane Adarns ... 

Jim Bell 

John Hampden 




Lucy c. ( 

Mary Brennan 

Minstrel.. ».. . 

Miss Footo ... 

Music ■ 


Nathan Rice. .. . 


Sailor Boy 


St. Pierre 


Susan Hill 

The Duke 

I Uiiras 


New Orleans, La. 

Versailles, Ky.... 
Jackson, Miss. ... 
New Orleans, La. 
New Orleans, La. 
Lexington, Ky. 

Doc. 25, 1842 
Mar. 19, 1843 
Sep. 24. 18401 
Mar. 21, 1841 
May 22, 1841 
June 4, 1842 
May 4, 18:W 
June 1, 1841 

April 1, 18461 

Mar. 27, 1842 
Dec. 20. 1846 
Mar. 15, 1846 
Apr. 28, 1842 
Oct. 9, 1846 

Dec. 6, 1846 


,••••• t • 



1 48, 1 49 

1 47', 1 49, 1 48, 1 50, 1 50 

1 50, 1 48 

1 48i, 1 46i, 1 48 

1 45, 1 52 

1 50. 1 48, 1 53 

1 48, 1 55, 2 00 

1 47, 1 5<i, 1 55 . . . ... . . ■ . . 

1 47. 1 4h, I 4r)i, 1 47, 1 47 
1 55. 1 50, I 48 . . 
1 48, 1 55i, 1 53* 
1 45i, 1 48, 1 47* 
1 :a\ 1 55, I 48 

• ••••« 


• •••••< 


Cincinnati, Ohio 
Louisville, Ky. .. 
New Orleans, La. 
New Orleans, La. 
New Orleans, La. 
Louisville, Ky. .. 
Trenton. N. J. ... 
Cynthiana. Ky. .. 
Cvnthiana. Ky. .. 
Orange C. H., Va. 

New ( )rlean8. La. 


Trcuion, N. J. •• • 

E. Feliciiuia, La 

Sep. 18, 1846 
Feb. 17, 1844 
Mar. 18, 1840 
Oct. 29, 1845 
May 21, 1841 
Sep. 18, 1839 
May 17. 1842 
May 19, 1841 
Apr. 24, 1844 
Oct. 12, 1839 
Oct. 19, 1839 
June 4, 1839 
Dec. 12, 1841 
Mar. 17, 184i 
Dec. 29, 1H44 
Oct. 7, 1844 
May 25, 1841 
Oct. 25, 1.-39 
Oct. 25, lr39 
8«?p. 15, 1841 
Mar. 24, 1844 
Apr, :«>, 1843 
Apr. 27, 1844 

Kanawha, Va June 7, 18:«> 



Alarirk. . • • 

Ann Hayes 

Ann Stuart 



1 Halie INvto 1 ... 


J IVtsey .\rrhy, ) 
' Ally, S 

I niR'k.No«f» 

' Hrown K ttv 
JBic Kvr 

iButfrflv ftlly .. 


3.'>4.3:i9 . .. 
3 A\\\, 3 42i .... 
13 .'lO. 3 44. 3 45. . 
3 4l*,3 19, 3 49, 

13 46,3 52 

;3 .■»4, 3 45 

3 14, 3 47 - 

3, 53, 3 44 .... 

1349 J. 3 4.5 

'3 494.3 44,3 45 
,3. -■.(), 3 40 3 47 
.3 48*, 3 .50, 3 40 




• • • • • 

• • • • • 
. • • • • • 

■ •••■• 

• • • ' 
« • • • 

• • • • • • 

Lexint'toM, Ky . • 
N»>\v OrW'ans, La. 
Memphis, Tenn. . 
L«»uitivtlle, Ky. . . 
(^)l•.unl»^l8, Ga. .. . 
Broad Rdrk. Va. . 
.JNcwOrhans, La. 



8.'p. 26, 18451 
Nov. 2 1,1814 
Not. 14, 1843 
June 7, 1813 
Mav 2, !>•:«» 
Apr. 2ti, 1-39 

Mar.2li, !H3(» 

• •••■•' 

.iWanhington, D. C. 

. fJiMtrg'-town, Ky. 

. N<'\v Orl«'an8 La. 
, .New Orlf-aiis. I. a. 
, .JLexingtou, Ky. ■ 

<o « 


May 31, 1841 

S.'p. 18, l«-ll 
D<c. 1, 1846 
Mar. 18, 1811 

8«!p. 27, 184.'i^ 
. -J 

i:ontin « ed on jtage 55. 




Consol lunior 

i*«*i««* •• •• 





• •#••' 

Otib ••••••••••••••' 

Earl of Margrave.. 


George W. Kendall 
(viivernor Butler . .. 

Grey Medoc 

(? rev Medoc 


La Bacchante. 


M aid of Northampt'n 


Irliss Clash 






Mancy Clark 
Nanny Rogers ... 

O^' \je 

Passenger, {Imp.) 



Richard of York . 
Richard of York . 
Robert Bruce .... 




Sally Shannon 

Sally Ward 

Sarah Bladen 

Sarah Washington 

Snag • . 

Sorrow, (Imp.) ■ . . 
Stanley Eclipse .. 
S isan Hill. • 
FaL'lioni ••• 
Tnrantula. . 
The Colonel 
Treasurer . . 



Soon colt, I • • • • 


West Florida 


Wilton Brown. 
' Young Whig 


< • • • • 


• ••••••a 

• ••••••••••• 

• •t«*««a 

• •••••••••• 

• ••••••••••« 


• •••••*■ 

• • • t • • • 

• • •••••• 

• ••••• 

• •••••••• 

• • • • • I 

• • •••••• 

• ••••• 

3 49, 3 46, 3 47 
3 46, 3 53, 3 47 

3 41,3 41 

3 46, 3 42 

3 40, 3 45 

3 50, 3 44*. 3 50 . . 

3 44i, 3 43*, 3 43* 

3 47*, 3 46 

3 45*, 3 44 
3 46. 3 40*, 

3 45,345 

3 50, 3 47, 3 45, 4 07 ... . 

3 57,346 

3 46, 3 49, 3 55 

3 45, 3 55 
3 45, 3 55 
3 46, 3 51 

3 41,4 03 

3 50. 3 45, 3 51* 

3 45 

3 46,3 46 

3 46, 3 43 ' 

3 48*. 3 43 

3 46, 3 48* 

3 49,3 40,3 51 .... 

3 51, 3 46,3 55 

3 49, 3 45 

3 46, 3 46 

3 48, 3 46, 3 51 

3 49, 3 46 

4 10, 3 53, 3 44 

3 50,3 44 

3 49, 3 46 
3 46, 3 44 
3 43, 3 43. 3 47 

3 48, 3 46 

3 49, 3 45*. 4 42* 

3 49, 3 46 

,j oO, ., 4.' ............. 


3 45 

3 46, 3 40 . . . 
3 48, 3 43 . . . 
3 55, 3 43 . . . 
3 44, 3 45* . . 
3 43, 3 45 . . . 
3 45, 3 51 . . . 
3 49, 3 46 . . . 
3 48, 3 46 . . . 
3 45, 3 50 . . . 
3 47, 3 45* ... . 

3 46, 3 45 

3 46, 3 48 ...•••• 
3 47, 3 45 • 


a • • • . 

• •••••••a 



• ••••••• • • 

• ••••••• 

• ••a»aa«a«*a»i 

a • • • 

• » • m 9 

9 m • * a « 

a • a a a ■ 

3 49, 3 45 . 

3 56, 3 52, 3 43, 3 50 
3 51*, 3 46, 3 53 ... 

J 4') .aaaa «•••• 

3 .52. 3 45 

1 .53. 3 44 

Lexington, Ky 

Louisville, Ky 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Louisville, Ky 


New Orleans. La. . . 
New Orleans, La. . . 
New Orleans , La. . . 

Louisville, Ky 

New Orleans. La. . . 

Lexington. Ky 

New Orleans. La. . . 

Camden, S. C 

New Orleans, La. . . 
New Orleans, La. . . 
Pineville, S.C. .. 
Union Course. L. L 
New Orleans, La. . . 

Fairfield, Va 

Washington. D. C. . 

Baltimore, Md 

Louisville. Ky 

Lexington, Ky 


New Orleans, La. . . 
New Orleans, La. .. 
New Orleans, La. . . 

Augusta, Ga 

Lexington, Ky 

Richmond, Va. ... 

Trenton, N. J 

Jackson, Miss 

Louisville, Ky 

New Orleans, La. . . 
New Orleans, La. . . 
Cincinnati, Ohio... 

Trenton, N. J 

Jjexington, Ky 

Natchez, Miss 

Frankfort, Ky 

New Orleans, La. . . 
New Orleans, La. . 
Orange C. H. Va. . 

Baltimore, Md 

Terre Haute, Ind. . 

Springfield, HI 

Trenton, N. J 

New Orleans, La. . 


Pineville, S.C 

Nashville. Tenn 

Baltimore. Md 

Trenton, N. J 

Union Course, L. ( 
Lexington, Ky. ... 
E. Feliciana, La. 

Lexington, Ky. . . 

Camden, iQ. J. . ... 
Geors/etown, Ky.. 
Broa.1 Rock, Va. . • 
.AlexRUjIria. 0. C. . 
Oakli'V. Misp 

Sep. 20, 
June 8, 
Mar. 24 
June 1, 
Apr. 26. 
Apr. 13, 
Apr. 2, 
Apr, 16, 
Oct. 1, 
Mar. 23, 
May 23, 
Dec. 10, 
Nov. 21, 
Dec. 27, 
Mar. 18, 
Feb. — 
May 8, 
Apr. 3, 
May 20, 
Oct. 2, 
May 9, 
June 15, 
Sep. 26, 
Sep. — 
Dec. 22, 
Jan. 4, 
Dec. 25. 
Dec. 9, 
May 22, 
Apr. 16, 
Oct. 25, 
Jan. 28, 
June 5, 
Mar. 13, 
Mar. 24, 
Oct. 14, 
May 29, 
Sep. 21, 
Nov. 19, 
Sep. 7. 
Dec. 3, 
1 Mar. 17, 
Si'p. 16, 
May 8, 
S.p. — 
Apr. 24, 
Oct. 30, 
Mar. 19, 
Apr. 2ft, 
Jan. 30, 
Oct. 4, 
Mav 4, 
xMav 28, 
Oct. 8, 
Sep. 21, 
Apr. 35, 


.84 J 


















































May 23. 184r,| 

Oct. 26. 1811 
.\pr. V:, lr:i9 
Oct. 2. IKt9 









\ilBey Scroggjn* 
Viidrewetia • ••• 


Blue Dick . 
Blue Dick . 
Blue Dick . . 
Bob Letcher 

• • • • • • ' 







Mnrtin 15 40, 5 46 

Martin.. I^^^^ 549,552 

5 45, 5 51 • • • * 

5 41, 14. 5 55, 5 50 . . 
04i, 5 45, G 02i. 6 44 

^*^'*^. :;;•;.;*.:* *....|Memphi«,Tenn. 

New Orleans, La 
Peoria, IH 

Now Orleans, La 






Kliza Calvert 


Giiorge Martin. 
Glorvina . . 

Hard Cider 


Junies P. Robinson 


Joe ('halmers 

Kate Aubrv 

lA£ Hewitt 

Louisa Jordan.... 
Maria. . 

Mariner ■ 

Master Henry 


Mw»s Poole 

Polly Green . 

ttneen Mary 

K.'d Bin 

Ri irister 




Pally Shannon 

R;inta Anna 

Sarah VVanhinffton 

Sarah Washington 


Ten Broeck 

rHe Colonel 


5 57, 5 46, 5 544 

5 48,542* 

5 42.5 51 

5 45, 5 44 

5 48. 5 46 
5 45, 5 46 

544, 5. 38* 

5 42, 5 3i>i 

5 50, 5 46 

5 52, 5 46, 6 12, 5 •»! 

5 46 ' 

5 45*. 5 57 
5 57. 5 43 . 
5 45, 5 44i 

5 44,5 53 

6 OOi, 5 59, 5 
5 43 





• • • • t • 




Bardsiown, Ky. . • • 

Trenton, N. J 

Louisville, Ky. • • • 
Washington, D.C. 

Frankfort, Ky 

Lexington, Ky. . .. 

Trenton, N. J 

Alexandria, D.C. . 
Baltimore, Md. . . . 
Lexington, Ky. • •• 
Broad Rock, Va. . 
Union Course, L. 
Louisville, Ky. . • 
New Orleans, La. 


Camden. N. J. ... 
Baltimore, Md. • . 
New Orleans, La. 
Now Orleans, La. 
Natchez, Misp.-- 
Fredericksburg, Va. 
Lexington, Ky. . . 
Lexinjiton, Ky. . • 
New Orleans, La. 

5 48, 5 45 
5 40, 5 41 . . • 

5 44* 

5 39,5 40... 
5 57, 5 44 . . . 
5 46.5 56 

E. Feliciana, La.. 
Camden, N. J • .. 
Baltimore, Md 



K i?i 5 40 5 56 6 01 . . • Baltimore, mu. . . 

? 1I*'i;\J ' 1 Washington, D. C 

Mobile, Ala. 

5 45, 5 58 


5 46, 5 48 

5 37,5 40,5 40 

5 40,5 48,5 49 

5 45. 5 49 • • • 

5. ".1.5 47, 5 44, 5 52. 

5 47, 5 48, 5 46, 5 52 . 

5 40*. 5 »> • • • 

5 41*. 5 50, 5 57, 6 01 

5 43*, 5 48 



5 4tj •• 



5 42 

iriiasmer 5 55}, 5 46 

'Wilton Brown |5 43, ow^- 

Columbus, Ga. . .. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Sep. —184' 
May 29, 184 
June 6, 18441 
June 3, 1841 
Sep. 24, 1840 
Sep. 28, 1840 
May 19, 1842 
June 3, 1842 
May 6, 1844 
May 26, 1843 
Apr. 27, 1839 
Oct. 9, 1839 
Oct. 15, 1841 
Mar. 28, 1843^ 
Apr. 29, 1843 
Oct. 29, 1841 
Oct. 16, 1846| 
Mar. 25, 1843 
Mar. 17, 1843 
Apr 25, 1839 
May 28, 18401 
S<?p. 19, 1843 
May 20, 1841 
Dec. 27, 1844 
Nov. 15, 1843 
Dec. 23, 1842 
Oct. 28, 1843 
Dec. 4, 1846 
Apr. 26, 1844 
May 21. 1841 
May 16, 18391 
May 16, 1844 
Mar. 10, 1842 
May 2, 18:«» 
. Oct. 17, 1839 

Lexington, Ky fif/J^'^.^o 

Baltimore, Md | Oct. 20, 1842 

Louisville, Ky 

Lexington, Ky 

New Orleans, La. . • 

l^xington, Ky 

Pineville, 8. C 

Broad Rork, Va 

Baltimore, Md 

Rome, Ga 

Louisville, Kv 

Camden, N. J. ..... 

Union Course, L. I 
Union Course, L. I. 

Oct. 8, 1840 
Sep. 24, 1844 
Mar. 22, 1844 
Sep. 21, 1842 
Feb. 8, 1843 
Apr. 21, 1842 
May 19, 1849 
Sep. 16. 1840 
June 2, 1842 
Nov.27, 184.\ 
June 5, 1840 
Oct, 5, 184; 

union vyuuimj, ". •. Y — -' ,aio 
I Alexandria. D .C...|June %^l 









»•••• ••«... 





AiMi Hayes. 












George Martin 


Grey Medoc .. 


Jerry Lancaster 

J(;rry Lancaster. 

Jerry Lancaster. 

Jerry Lancaster. 

Jim Bell. 

Miss Foote 

Miss Foote 

jVli^s Foote 

( Jmcf a ••••••• 



Keel •«••••••...... . 

tteel ..••.*••••..•.. 

Kover I.. ....*•.••.. 

Sarah Bladen 


»••••• • 





• •••••••' 

7 46 

7:)6*, 7 42 

8 02. 7 44 

8 13. 7 46, 7 58* 

8 01, 7 43 

7 37*, 7 49, 8 24 . 

7 42,7 48 

7 32*,745 


736, 749 


7 43* 

7 36, 7 51 . 

7 33, 7 43 . 

7 45*, 750 

7 35, 8 19, 7 42, 8 17 . . . 


7 43,7 40 

7 38,8 14 

7 55, 7 45 

7 51, 7 43, 8 08 

7 37,7 40 

8 02, 7 35 


7 30*, 7 39, 7 51* 


1 45, 7 48 ....•••••*••• 

7 39f , 7 45* 

7 40,7 43. 

7 43*. 7 41 

7 39, 7 39*. 7 51, 8 29 


7 53,7 46,8 19 



• •••••• 


• ••••••#••• 


t • •••••! 


Raleigh, N. C 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Baltimore, Md 

Union Course, L. I. 
Washington, D. C. 
Union Course, L. I. 

Camden, N. J 

Union Course, L. I. 

Camden, N. J 

Trenton, N. J 

Baltimore, Md 

Union Course, L. I. 
Baltimore, Md. . . 
New Orleans, La. 
Lexington, Ky. . . 
New Orleans, La. . . 
St. Louis, Mo. .. 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 
St. Louis, Mo 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Lexington, Ky. . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Augusta, Ga 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Union Course, L. L 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

New Orleans, La. . . 

Baltimore, Md 

Nov. 7, 1839 
Mar. 23. 1844 
May 15, 1840 
May 13, 1842 
May 6, 1842 
May 27, 1843 
Oct. 28, 1841 
May 10, 1842 
Oct. 29, 1842 
Nov. 4, 1842) 
Oct. 20, 1843 
Oct. 23, 1845 
May 14, 1846 
Mar. 29, 1843 
Sep. 23, 1843, 
Mar. 20 1841 
June 24, x844 
Apr, 5, 1845 
Apr. 12, 1845 
Oct. 21, 1846 
Dec. 5, 1846 
Mar. 19, 1842 
Mar. 26, 1842 
Sep. 25, 1842 
Dec. 24, 1842 
Dec. 11, 1840 
Jan. \ 1844 
May 13, 1845 
Dec. 11, 1841 
Mar. 18, 1843 
Dec. 28, 1844 
Mar. 17, 1841 
Ma/ 15, 1830 


'k ] 






T„; Doncaster St. Leger (in England pronc^co ^ileu^^r^ 
■ ,. ? most important stake in Great Britain, atnou ang to ftou 
"• In r.renty.four thousand dollars, and is run for, annuaUjr. 
:f re: re^oTd coUs and flUies: the former carry .9 pounds, tW, 

"^ Wit'h'Lse tables in view, a cotnparison of the .peed of English 

.nT Amercan horses can easily be made, having due regard to 
and American ^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

:s:i si-- r rz ::. - - -■ - •- r 

The following table will show the rea/ . th, distance pe. second 
tYoraged by horses running at any disti ce : 

Diitance per ■e<^>nd. 
Time of running y^j^ j.^ in. 

one mile. 17 1 9J 

^t? ::::::::::: n i n 

^^^ 17 9J 

1*2 ;;; n o s^ 

1*^ 16 2 ^ 

^** '. 16 2 3? 

^^^ ... 16 1 n 

1*^ V/.V.V..... 16 1 4i 

^^'^ 16 10^ 

1*® ''//. 16 5^ 

1*^ '////.'..*.... 16 

1^ ... 15 2 6W 

1^1 !'.!.... 15 2 1? 

152 , . g9 

1*^ 15 1 3| 

1 ^ ... 15 11 

1^^ '.!!'.*..... 15 6,-V 

1^ 15 If^ 

1 ^"^ 14 2 8J5 

^^^ ][].".*. 14 2 4iV, 

1 ^^ 14 2 

200 " 


DM*BO« 1 BiU « terioafi IS yuda. 

rear. Name of Hor»e. ^"*?* 

1818 ^ lUveller 3 15 

1846 Sir Tatton Sykes 3 16 

>838 Dtwi John 3 17 

.819 Ar.*onio 3 18 

1842 Blu« Bonnet 3 19 

1835 Qu*»wiof Trumps 3 20 

1836 Elis 3 20 

1840 Lauvaeelot 3 20 

1843 Nutwith 3 20 

1847 Van f romp 3 20 

1834 - Touchstone 3 22 

.841 Satirist 3 22 

1837 Mango 3 23 

1844 Faugh-a-ballagh 3 23 

1823 Barefoot 3 23} 

1825 Memnon 3 23J 

1827 Matilda 3 24 

1826 Tarrare 3 25 

1839 Charles XII 3 25 

.... The Baron 3 25 

.... St Patrick 3 26 

Theodore 3 26 

.... Jerry 3 29 

, ,,., Octavian 3 30 

1812 Otterington 3 31 

1833 ...... Rockingham 3 38 



Mean speed. 

3 24 


Yds. m a 

..i.^ 988 












. . . . . jSAV 














• • • • • "4o 




SINCE 1839. 

Being an Appendix to Mason's Farrier 


A A RON b h by Tennessee Citizen, dam by Timoleon. 
^ urpVi'lLF b h by NuUifler, dam by Gallatin. . 

ABNER HuliTElb. h. by Medoc. dam by Blackburn'. Wlnp. 
ACALIA, b. m. by Luckless. 

^Sa b'm^y tL'^o"-'. «>«- ['-^l ^--"r ^''""''"'■^ 

ADUELl'a. ch. m. by [In,p.] Glencoe, dam Giantes. by [/mp-J Lc 
^Sotrh. by [/n.p.] Priam, <>- Jrumpeua by M^^,. Tonson. 
A-TNA, b. m. by Volcano, dam Rebecca by Palafol. 

ISrAH SSloN^^^^ m'by Eclipse, dam by Gallatm. 
Ajlx^r. h. by [/-P] Leviathan, dam by Paco_^et. ^^ 

A. J.LAWSON, b. h. by [hup.] Hedglora, aam i^ j 

Al ARIC b h by Mirabeau, dam by [Imp.] Tran°y. 
^'iTO6NA%/rn. by Argyle, dam ^no^. ^y^^'^,^,, or Blac. 
ALBION, [Imp] bl. b. by Cam or AcUBon, dam by 

ALblmAC, b. b. by Telegraph dam by M^^^^ 

ALDERMAN, ch. g. by L^'"^" ,^''^'\^^^''^'j'Co ct 
ALLEGRA, b. m. by Stockholder dam J^X P-;*;\ , , K.,|e 
ALIEN BROWN, ch. h. by Stockholder, dam by imip j 6 



ALEXANDER CAMPBELL, b. h. by Collinr, dam by Kojcinsko. 
ALEXANDER CHURCHILL, b, h. by [Imp.] Zinganee, dam by 

ALICE, b. m. by Conqueror, dam by Wild Medley. 
-^— — b. m.* by [Imp.] Sarpedon, dam Rowena by Sumpter. 
ALICE ANN, gr. m. by Director, dam by Gallatin. 
ALMIRA, gr. m. by Eclipse, dam by Stockholder. 
ALTORF, b. h. by [Imp] Fylde, dam by Virginian. 
ALWILDA, gr. m. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam by John Richards. 
AMBASSADOR, ch. h. by Plenipotentiary, dam [Imp] Jenny Millf 

by Whisker. 
AMELIA, br. m. by Bluster, dam by Messenger. 
AMERICA, b. m. by Stockholder, dam by Democrat. 

b. m. by [Imp] Trustee, dam Di Vernon by Florizel. 

AMERICAN CITIZEN, b. h. by Marion, dam by Harwood. 

EAGLE, gr. h. by Grey Eagle, dam by Waxy. 

. STAR, ch. h. by Cramp, dam by Pulaski. 

AMY THE ORPHAN, ch. m. by [Imp] Nonplus, dam by Comet 
ANDREW ANN A, b. m. by Andrew, dam by Gallatin. 
ANDREWETTA, gr. m. by Andrew, dam by Oscar. 
ANDREW HAMET, b. h. by Sidi Hamet, dam by Trumpator. 
ANN BARROW, b. m. by Cock of the Rock, dam by Virginian. 
ANN BELL, ch. m. by Frank, dam Jonquil by Little John. 
ANN BLAKE, b. m. by Lance, dam by Blackburn's Whip. 
ANN CALENDAR, ch. m. by Eclipse, dam Grand Duchess by 

[Imp] Gracchus. 
ANN GILLESPIE, br. m. by McCarty's Henry Clay, dam Susan by 

Sir William. 
ANN HARROD, ch. m. by Hickory John, dam by King William. 
ANN HAYES, b. m. by [Imp] Leviathan, dam by Pacific. 
ANN INNIS, ch. m. by Eclipse, dam (the dam of Mary Morris) by 

ANN KING, b. m. by [Imp] Sorrow, dam Lady of the Lake by 
Henry Tonson. 

ANN STEVENS, ch. m. by [Imp] Trustee, dam (an imported mare) 
by Muley. 

ANN STEWART, ch. m. by Eclipse, dam Kitty Hunter by Paragon 

ANNE ROYALE, br. m. by Stockholder, dam Alice Lee by Sii 
Henry Tonson. 

ANTOINETTE, ch. m. by [Imp] Leviathan, dam Multiflora bv 

ANTIPATOR, ch. h. by Tychicus, dam Club Foot by Napoleon. 

ANVIL, b. h. by [/tnp.] Contract, dam by Eclipse. 

ARAB, b. h. by Arab, dam by Sir Archy. 

ARABELLA, b. m. by Collier, dam by Gallatin. 

ARABIAN MARK, b. h. by [Imp] Fylde, dam by Sir Charle*. 

ARGENTILE, b. m. by Bertrand, dam Allegrante by [Imp.] Trufflff 

ARGYLE, br. h. by Mons. Tonson, Jam Thistle by Ogle's Oscar. 

ARILLA, gr. m. by O'Kelly, dam by Medley. 

.^RKALUKA, ch. h. by [Imp] Leviathan, dam Sally McGehee 



AROOSTOOK, b. h. by Wheeling R'^^-'f ^.fV^'sSoider. 

AKsK. c^. m. STSl ^-iatban. da. Ma.y F.,«« by Co. 
.Sh1"aNO. cb. b by Med. r-X Mir '^ '"'"'*"■ 

by Virginius. , r/mp.l Leviathan, 

leon. g^ 

BANJO BILL, b h. by [/mp] ^^P;,f°Y^ by Oscat. 
BANDOFMUSTC ch m.b^OKeny,d J^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 

BARBARA ALLEN, ch. m. oy v 

Sumpter. , . i,y Randolph's Roanoke. 

BEE'S-WING, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviama , 

BELnTLtb! b. by l/"^l P'^-. <>- t'-^-l ^"'" "'^ """" 

BElSmA, b. n.. by [/»...] dam Win,foo» by Ra. 
BELLEOF WINCHESTER, cb. n.. by S«K=Ubolder. dam by S. 
Archy. ^^ ^ by j/^.l Shakspeare, dam 

• Cado by Sir Archy. i^. ,„ j-„ Uy Sumpter. 

BF.NWSTER. b. h. by CJ«e'°^''«. ^"^^''J^^iJfedo,, by Eel P»»- 
BEN FRANKLIN, cb. h. by ^'^^J^^Xn ,y FranUi. Pea-ty 

wiNNiNc; iioHSKs siN.'Ch: 1839. 


BEN FRANKLIN, ch.b. by [l"tp] Lovmihaii, dam by Stockholder 
BENDIGO, gr. h. by Timoleoii, dam by Sir Charles. 

. b. li. by Medoc, dam by Sir Archy. 

BENCtAL, ch. h. by Gohanna, dam Sportsmistreas (or Gulnare) by 

BERENICE, ch. m. by Skylark, dam Kathleen by [Imp.] Leviathan. 
BETA, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Kosciusko. 
BE THESDA, b. m. by Pacific, dam by Sir Henry Tonson. 
BE THUNE, br. h. by Sidi Hamet, dam Susette by Aratus. 
BpyrSEY COLEMAN, ch. m. by Goliah, dani Melinda. 
BETSEY COODEY, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Sir Charles. 
BETSEY HUNTER, ch. m. by Sir Clinton, . am by Hamiltonian. 
BETSEY LAUDERDALE, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Sir 

BETSEY MILLER, gr. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Jane Shore 

by Oscar. , r r i 

BETSEY RED, ch. m. by Red Rover, dam Betsey West by [Imp.^ 

Buzzard. tt . tt n u c- 

BETSEY SHELTON, b. m. by Jackson, dam Harriet Haxall by feu 

BETSEY WATSON, br. m. by Jefferson, dambv Sir Henry Tonson. 
BETSEY WHITE, ch. m. by Goliah, dam by Sir Charles. 
BIG ALECK, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Tiger. 
BIG ELLEN, b. m. by Medoc, dam by Old Whip. 
BIG JOHN, ch. h. by Bertrand, dam by Hamiltonian. 
BIG NANCY, ch. m. by Jackson, dam by Gallatin. 
BILLY AYNESWORTH, ch. h. by Traveller, dam Helen by li/no- 

BILLY BLACK, b. h. by Volcano. 

BILLY BOWIE, b. h. by Drone, dam Agility by Sir James. 
BILLY GAY, b. h. by [Imp.] Hedgford, dam Mary Francis by Di 

BILLY TONSON, gr. h. by Mons. Tjpnson, dam by Cherokee. 
BILLY TOWNES. b. h. by [Imp.] Fylde, dam by Virginian 
BILLY WALKER, ch.h. by [/m/>.] Valparaiso, dam by Sir Kicha-<t 
BILLET, ch. h. by Mingo, dam by Mambrino. ^ _ . , 
BILOXE, ch. h. by Dick Chinn, dam Extio by [Imp.] Leviathan. 
BLACK BOY, bl. h. by [Imp.] Chateau Margaux, dam by [im/ ] 

'^"^^' bl. h. by [Imp.] Chateau Margaux, dam Lady Maya 

by Van Tromp. , 

BLACK DICK, bl. h. by [Imp.] Margrave, dam by Pa»"^"y- 
BLACK FOOT, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Blackburn s Whip. 
BLACK HAWK, bl. h. by Industry. 

^ bl. h. by Mucklejohn. 

BLACK JACK, bl. h. by Tom Fletcher, dam by Baronet 
BLACK LOCUSr, bl. h. by [Imp.] Luzborough, dam by Sir Aichy. 
BLACK NOSE, ch. h. by Medoc, dam Lucy by Orpaan 
BLACK PRINCE, bl.h. by [Imp.] Fylde, dam Fantail bySir Ai.hy 







BLACK by [/m/>.J NonWus. dam (Fair Ellen's dam) 

BLUE BONNET, gr. m. by [/«.;-.] Hedgford, dam Urey ray/ 

BLUE^mSgr. h. by[/mp.] Margrave, dam by Unce. 
BLUE JIM, ch. h. by Mucklejohn. ^ 

BLUE SKIN, h. by M* -mion, dam by Te^umseh. 

'«;'>'« SatR b1/ ; M^ oTal"^ , . 

Tb ts b^h by urnp] ^^'^^r'':ixr''""'' 

n.^Q DTirK-PR ch h bv Eel pse, dam by bir Ltiaries. 
BOB RUtKl!.K, en. n. uy ii. f Hnrtensia by Contention. 

BOIS D'ARC, ch. h. by Eehpse, ^i^'^J^^^^^^^^^ Helen Mar by 

BONNY BLACK, bl. ra. by [Imp.] Valentme, aam 

BORAC, cb. h. by Pacific dam by Bagdad^ ^^^,^ 

BOSTON, ch. h. by Timoleon, dam (Robm Brown s q , j 

BOSTON FILLY, m. by Boston, dam by [Imp.] Priam. 
BOWDARK, b. h. by Anvil, dam by Bagdad. 

BOXER, b. h. by Mingo, dam by EcbP^e. Morgiana by 

BOYD MNAIRY, oh. b. by [Imp.] Leviathan, aam » B 

BRACELET, ch. m. by Eclipse, dam [Imp.] Trinket. 
BRfLUANVb'lt"sldi Hamet, dam Mis, Lance., by Lance. 
BrI TANnS [lmp.]\. m. by f^-^-^tg" d^m\"y t-noWe. 
BROCKLESBY, ch. h. by [Imp] ^"fZ°l!tB^ir7r.i by Bertrand. 

K^^rVo ^h*bIo^wX."^%o-°- --- -" 

BROTHER^PEriScb. h. by [Imp.] Glencoe. dam Giantes. 
BROT^hKo'vIC^^ b. h. by [I^.] Cetu.. dam [Imp.] My 

BROwMkTh'-^. B-cU ^'>'.f-,l^,'r^-,, Virginian. 
BROWN GAL, br. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, "^^"^^y J 
BROWN KITTY, br. m. by Birmingham, ^^--^^ T^^^'* 

BROWN LOCK, br. h. by P-^^^'^^^^'",^^,': ^ by Men.. 

BROWN STOUT, br. h. by [Imp.] Sarpedon, aam 

Tonson. , ,. i„^ rCilenare's Aani) by 

BROWNLOW, br. h. by [Imp.] Merman, dam ((^lenar , 

(Imp.} Leviatlian. „i,«i>e bv Kosciusko 

BRubE, eh. h. by [Imp.] Nonplus, dam Lambal by ». 
BUBB, b m. by Bertrand, dam by Whig. 

BUCK-EYE, b. h. by Critic, dam Ann Page by Ogle's Oscar. 

b. h. by Lafayette Stockholder, dam Old Squaw by la 

BELLE, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 
. LAD, ch. h. by Bertrand, dam by a Son of Spread Ea 


BUCK RABBIT, b. h. by [Imp.] Nonplus, dam (Fair Ellen's dam) 

by Virginius. 
BULGER BROWN, b. h. by Lance, dam by Jenkins' Sir William. 
BUNKUM, ch. g. by Hyazim, dam by Gallatin. 
BURLEIGH, b. h. by Sir Archie Montorio, dam Mary Lee by Con 

tention. . 

BUSTAMENTE, eh. h. by Whalebone, dam Sarah Daacy by Timo 

BUZ FUZ, gr. h. by Medley, dam by [Imp.] Luzborougb. 


CADMUS, b. h. by Cadmus. 

CALANTHE, b. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Jackson. 
CALANTHE, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 
CAMANCHE, ch. h. by Grey Eagle, dam by Rattler. 
CAMDEN, br. h. by Shark, dam [Imp.] Invalid by Whisker. 
CAMEO, b. m. by [Imp.] Tranby, dam by Buzzard. 
CAMEL, ch. h. by Birmingham, dam by Whip or Sumpter. 
CAMILLA, br. m. by [Imp.] Hedgford, dam (Picayune's dam) by 8« 

William of Transport 
CAPTAIN BURTON, br. h. by Cherokee, dam by Green Oak. 
CAPTAIN M'HEATH, ch. h. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Miss Bailey 

by [Imp.] Bt>aster. 
CAP rAIN THOMAS HOSKINS, b. h. by [Imp.] Autocrat, dam by 

Tom Tough. 
CAPTAIN (The) b. h. by Sir Archy Montorio, dam Ophelia by Wild 

CAPTAIN WHITE-EYE, bl. h. by Chifney, dam by Sumpter. 
CAROLINE MALONE, (Col. Thomas Watson's), ch. m. by [Imp.] 

Leviathan, dam Proserpine by Oscar. 
___ (Col. J. C. Guild's), b. m. by [Imp.] Levia- 

than, dam by Sir Richard. 
(Col, Thomas Watson's), b. m. by [Imp.] lifh 

viathan, dam by Jerry. 
(CASHIER, ch. h. by Goliah, dam by Sir Charles. 
CASKET, b. m. by [Imp.] Priam, dam by Constitution. 
C A SETT A CHIEF, ch. h. by Andrew, dam by Wildair. 
CASSANDRA, b. m. by [Imp.] Priam, dam Flirlilla Jr. by Sir Archy. 
fJASITANIRA, ch. m.' by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Stockholder. 
(/ATALPA, b. m. by Frank, dam by John Richards. 
(CATARACT, b. h. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam by John Richards. 
CATHERINE, b. m. by Bertrand, dam Black-eyed Susan by Tiger. 
CA THERINE FENWICK, gr. m. by Mucklejohn, dam by Sax^- 



(^.ATHERINE RECrVOU. th. ni. by Pacific, dam Mary Tonson. 
CWALIER SERVANTE, gr. h. by Bcrtrand, dam by Andrew. 
CEDRIC, b. h. by [Imp.] Priam, dam Countess Plater by Virginian 
CELERITY, ch/m. by [/m;; 1 Leviathan, dam Patty Puff by Pacolet 
CHAMPAGNE, b. h. by Eclipse, dam by Sir Archy. 

CHARLES, b. h. by [Imp.] Rowton, dam Leocadia. 

CHARLES ARCHY, cb. h. by Sir Charles, dam by Ec hpse 

CH\RLES MALCOLM, eh. h. by Malcolm, dam by Albert Ga.latin. 

CHARLEY ANDERSON, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Mercury. 

CH \RLEY FOX, b. h. by Waxy, dam by Buckner s Leviathan. 

CHARLEY NAYLOR, b. h. by Medoc, dam by Tiger 

CHARLOTTE BARNES, b. m. by Bertrand, dam by bir Arcny. 

CHARLOTTE CLAIBORNE, b. m. by Havoc, dam by Conqueror. 

CHARLOTTE HILL, b. m. by Hephestion, dam by ^<>;^k s Whip 

CHARITY GIBSON, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by feir Charleg. 

CHATEAU, [Imp.] b. m. by Chateau Margaux. dam Cuirass by 

Oiseau. % a u 

CHEMISETTE, b. m. by [Imp.] Glencoe, dam by Arab. 

CHEROKEE MAID, gr. m. by Marmion dam by \«^"";''^^. ^ , , ,^^ 
CHESAPEAKE, b. or [Imp.] leviathan, dam by Thaddeua^ 
CHICOMAH, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam White leather by 

Conqueror. „ • r» i » 

CHICOPA, ch. m. by Tuscahoma, dam Fortuna by Pacolet 
CHIEFTAIN, b. h. by Godolphin, dam Young Lottery by bir Arcny. 
CHOTAUK, br. h. by Pamunky, dam by Arab. 
CHURCHILL, b. h. by [Imp.] Zinganec, darn by Buzzard 
CINDERELLA, b. m. by Pacific, dam Mary Vaughan l^y Pjjcole 
CLARA B()ARDMAN,b. m. by [Imp.] Consol, dam bally Bell by 

Sir Archy. , , -, . , ^^ 

CLARION, ch. h. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam by Ogle s Oscar. 
CLARISSA, ch. m. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam (Clarion s dam) by 

Oc:lo'.s Oscar. u q« u 

CLEAR THE TRACK, ch. h. by [Imp.] Luzborough, dam by Stock- 

CLEUPATRA, b. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Pacolet. 
CLEVELAND, gr. h. by [Imp.] Emancipation, dam by [Imp.] Lcvia- 

COmI'bLACK ROSE, bl. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Arab. 
(M)LUMBUS, Junior, b. h. by Columbus, dam by Bertrand. 
COMPROMISE, b. m. by Nullifier, dam by Anli-Tanff. 
CONCH IT A, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Miss Bailey by [Jmp. 

CON SOL? Junior, br. h. by [Tmp.^ Consol, dam [Imp.] The Nun'- 
Daughter by Filho da Puta. 

COR\, [Imp.^ ch. m. by Muley Mi>loch, dam by Champioh. 
COR\ MUNRO, ch. m. bv Hugh L. White, dam by Crusher. 
CORDELIA, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Sir Archy. 
<;ORK, b. h. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Caledonia by Jerry. 
r.ORNELIA, b. m. by Skylark, dam by Arab. 
CORONATION, ch. b. bv Laplander, dam by Oscar. 



COTTON PLANT, gr. m. by Bertrand, dam by Pacolet. 

COWBOY, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Virginian. 

CRACKAWAY, ch. h. by Marmaduke. 

CRACOVIENNE, gr. m. by [Imp.] Glencoe, dam [Imp.] Gallopade 
by Catton. 

CREATH, b. h. by [^Imp.] Tranby, dam by Sir Archy Montorio. 

CRICHTON, ch. h. by Bertrand, dam by Phenomenon. 

CRIPPLE, gr. m. by [Imp.] Philip, dam (Gamma's dam) by Sir Ri- 

CROCKETT, b. h. by Crockett, dam by Sir Archy. 

CROTON, gr. h. by Chorister, dam by Mucklejohn. 

CRUCIFIX, ch. m. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Virginia by Sir Archy. 

CUB, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 

CUMBERLAND, b. h. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam by Sir William. 

CURCULIA, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 

CZARINA, gr. m. by [Imp.] Autocrat, dam Aurora by Arab. 


DANDRIDGE, b. h. by Garrison's Zinganee, dam by Walnut or La- 

DAN MARBLE, ch. h. by Woodpecker, dam (a sister to West Flo- 
rida's dam) by Potomac. 

DAN M'INTYRE, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 

DAN TUCKER, ch. h. by [Imp.] Belshazzar, dam by Pulaski. 

DANIEL BUCK, ch. h. by Collier, dam by Pacolet. 

DARIUS, b. h. by Orphan Boy, dam bv Cumberland. 

DARKNESS, bl. m. by Wagner, dan Sally Shannon's dam^ bv Sii 

DARNLEY, ch. h. by John Richards, dam Lady Gray by Sir Richard. 

DART, b. h. by [Imp.] Doncaster, dam Jane Gray by Orphan Boy. 

DAVE PATTON, ch. h. by Sumpter, dam by Hamiltonian. 

DAVID FYLDE, b. h. by [Imp.] Fylde, dam by Clay's Sir William. 

DAY DREAM, br. m. by [Imp] Luzborough, dam by Sir Archy. 

DAYTON, ch. h. by Tormentor, dam by Tuckahoe. 

DECATUR, ch. h. by Henry, dam Ostrich by Eclipse. 

DECEPTION, b. h. by Stockholder, dam by [Imp.] Leviathan. 

DE LATTRE, br. h. by [Imp.] Consol, dam [Imp.] Design by Tramp. 

DELAWARE, b. h. by Mingo, dam by John Richards. 

DELPHINE, ch. m. by Sumpter. 

DEMOCRAT, ch. h. by [Imp.] Luzborough, dam by Eagle. 

DENMARK, br. h. by [Imp.] Hedgford, dam Betsey Harrison by 

DENIZEN, \^lmp.] b. h. by Actieon, dam Design by Tramp. 

DEVIL JACK, ch. h. by [Imp.] Leviathan, dam Lady Burton b> 

DIANA CROW, bl. m. by Mark Antony, dam by Botts' Lafayette. 

DIANA SYNTAX, br. m. by Doctor Syntax, dam [Imp.] Diana bf 

DICK COLLIER, ch. h. by Collier, dam by Whip. 

DICK MENIFEE, br. h. b^ Lance, dam by Sir William of Transpot 





DOCTOR DUDLEY. \'>v\«"rnt'rmWKu7t.- 
DOCTOR DUNCAN, ch. h. by Cadmus J«- "^ ^. Archy. 

DOLLY -DIXON, b. m. by [« Tranby. dan. Sally Hou- by Vir- 
DOlS MILAM, b. . by VZlS^r'^Ti'Sr 

PUAN^^gr^ by^'jr;'] Sa.peaon. da» Goodloe Washington b, 

DUNGANNON. ^-h- by Mingo dar^ by John f^^^^^^^ ^,,„. 
DUN VEGAN , b. h. by [/mp.] Trustee, dam 

EARL OF MARGRAVE, b. h S [Imp-] Sarpedon. dam D«che« 

of Marlborough by Sir Arcby. , , ^ \ ,,„ Moies. 

ECLIPTIC ch. h. by Eclipse, '!«'" (^^^'P^ ' , ^ ' 

EDWARD EAGLE, ch h. l^y ^'^^ J;''^';V S'^^Llder. 
EFFIE, b. m. by [Imp.] Lev.atl an, '^*™ ''^^r^p i Leviathan. 
EL BOLERO, br. h. by StockhoWer. dam ^J^-'P^^^^^^^^^, ^y Be.^ 
EL FURIOSO. b. h. by [Imp.] Hedglora, aa 

ELiITrECTOR, b h by [rrnp^)^:^^o.^ tTucUfahila ty Be. 
ELI ODOM. br. h. by [Imp.] Leviathan, oa 

ELIZTCULVERT (or Calvert), ch. m. by Cymon, dam Lady Sum 

SI Ks^'m-b^elotrA^or Whip (or Tiger 

^'^^^Vrx/.T.r'ATHnTTSF b m by Masaniello, dam by Waxf . 
ELIZABETH GREATHOUSl., *';'"• ^^ ^ Mons.Tonson. 

ELIZABETH JONES, m by ^f^f ^^'/^^^y Lm 

ELLA, ch. m. ^Y Young Virgmmn dam ^ ^^^ ^^ ^^ 

ELLEN HUTCHINSON, ch. m. by [imp.\ ^ 

traiid. - rr-.*il I^Uhazzar, dam by [Intp 

ELLEN CARNELL, ch. m. by [Imp] Bel.hazz , 

Leviathan. Tnrdan dam Ellen Tiee by 

ELLEN JORDAN, b. m. by {Imp.) Jordan, aa 

Henry. , ^ j«i„v,;n riam by (Imp) Bedford. 

ELLEN PERCY, ch. m. by Godo Ph m. dam by (JJ^,^^ 

ch. m. by Godolplun, uam / ^^ 

^HITn WALKER, b. m. by (/mp.) Consol. dam (imp ) 

BLlK'" m. by P.atoff. dam by Mucklejohr. 


ELLIPTIC, ch. h. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam Amanda by Rovenge 

ELOISE, cii. m. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam Mary Wasp by Dob 

ELVIRA, ch. m. by Red Gauntlet, dam by Rob Roy. 

EMERALD, b. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam {Imp.) Eliza by Ru 

EMIGRANT, gr. h. by Cadet, dam by {Imp.) Contract 

EMILY, ch. m. by Medoc, dam Spider by Almanzar. 

— — br. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam by Tom Tough. 

.— — {Imp.) b. m. by Emilius, dam Elizabeth by Rainbow. 

FMILY SPEED, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Pacolet 

EMMET, b. h. by Bertrand. dam by Gallatin. 

ESMERALDA, b. m. by Pressure, dam by Murat. 

ESPER SYKES, {Imp.) br. h. by Belshazzar, dam Capsicum by 

ESTA, gr. m. by Bolivar, dam by {Imp.) Barefoot. 

ESTHER WAKE, gr. m. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam by Stock- 

ETHIOPIA, bl. m. by Dashall, dam by {Imp.) Expedition. 

EUDORA, br. m. by Jefferson, dam by Oscar. 

EUCLID, br. h. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam by Sir Archy. 

EUTAW, b. h. by {Imp.) Chateau Margaux, dam by Sir Charles. 

EVERGREEN, ch. m. by Wild Bill, dam by Sir Charles. 

EXTIO, b. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam {Imp.) Refugee by Wan- 


FANCY, br. m. by {Imp.) Fylde, dam by Sir Archy. 
FANDANGO, gr. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam {Imp.) Gallopade 

by Catton. 
FANNY, ch. m. by Eclipse, dam Maria West by Marion. 
(J. Guildersleeve's), bl. m. by Sidi Hamet, dam by Sump- 

(Joseph Alston's), b. m. by Woodpecker, dam Fan by 

FANNY BAILEY, ch. m. by Andrew, dam by Bertrand. 
FANNY FORESTER, b. m. by {Imp.) Emancipation, dam by In 

FANNY GREEN, b. m. by {Imp.) Trustee, dam Betsey Archy by 

Sir Archy. . . » o- 

FANNY KING, b. m. by {Imp.) Glencoe, dam Mary Smith by bir 

FANNY LIGHTFOOT, b. m. by Stockholder, dam by Sumpter. 
FANNY ROBERTSON, b. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam Arietta by Vir 

ginian. -on* 

FANNY STRONG, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Sally Bell ly 

Sir Archy. 
FANNY WYATT, ch. m. by Sir Charles, dam by Sir Hal. 
FANTAIL, ch. m. by Waxy, dam by Sumpter. 
FAIRLY FAIR, ch. m. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam by Peter leazio 
FAITH, b. m. by {Imp.) Tranby, dam Lady Painter by Lauc#* 
FASHION, ch. m. by {Imp.) Trustee, dam Bonnets O Blue by ti^ 




FRATHERS. ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam (George Kendall's 

dam") by Stockholder. i Ayr 

FESTIVITY, b. h. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam Magnolia by Mona 

FIAT Tm ■ by (Imp.) Hedgford, dam Lady Tompkins by Eolip»^. 
FlFFRbh.bVMonmouth Eclipse, dam Music by John Richards^ 
FILE-LEADER, ch. h. by (Imp.) Barefoot, dam Saluda by Timo- 

FINANCE, b. m. by Davy Crocket, dam by Sir Henry Ton«,n. 
Ft ASH b m by (Imp.) Leviathan, <lam by Conqueror. 
i-I A XTNELLA Br m by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Virgmian. 
fI'eETFOOT «r m b7{l„.pO Barefoot, dam Dove by Duroc. 
FLl?MJam;fL. French's) br. m. by (Imp.) Sarpedon, dam by 

^*7g.B: Williams's), ch. h. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Clay'. 

Sir William. , , j,. nu^^\^a 

FLIGHT, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, darn by Sir Charles. 
FLORA HUNTER, gr. m. by Sir Charles, dam by Duroc 
FORDHAM, ch. h. by Eclipse, dam J*"«'\%^';^'°'',^; 
PORTUNATUS, ch. h. by Carolinian, dam by Sir Charles. 
FORTUNE, bm by (lip.) Tranby, dam ^^X Maryland E«Up.e^ 

K^il ^v\rLrrn.";;yX=aarf b-y -^^ " 
^fE^H^^yfh.^'m!' b^T^o^S^X^t^c^t^e (or Catherine) 

FRe'e jKbr. h. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam (Imp.) Tinsel b, 

FRoS'cTk. by Eclipse, dam Martha Holloway by Rattler. 
FITRY hi m bv Terror, dam by Smith's Bedford. , , ^ 

^^ (CoL Wade Hamptons), ch. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam (Imp.) 
sister to Ainderby by Velocipede. 


riPPTTT ch h bv Napoleon, dam Harpalyce by Collier. 
^^? A NTH A ■ b ' m bv (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Jackson. 
G^MMA^r m-'^y Pac firaim (Melzar'e's dam) by Sir Richard. 
GANO b h by Ellipse, dam Bet^'ey Richards by Sir Archy 
r ARRICK er h hy (Imp.) Shakspeare, dam by Eaton's Columbus 
rtRTERb m by (U) Glencoe, dam by Trumpator. 
rts T ITHT br h by (Imp.) Merman, dam by Mercury. 
pIIaN b h by Sir Leslie, dam Directress by Director 
Central i)EBUYS, cb.'h. by (imp.) Leviathan, dam (Mr. 

GEN^rTl'^SliI IT^nlmp.) Consol, dam by Timoleon. 
Clffi^'BUR%Kh' bT (^;.rCbateau Margaux, dam b, 

.vnucTvLUOTT br (/m>v) Leviathan, dam by Lawrence 
llloRol LIGHT by' Eclipse Lightfoot, dam Ma.7 
Logan by Arab. 



GKORGE MARTIN, b. li. by Giiiribonb Ziiiganee, dam GabriuUa 

by Sir Archy. 
GEORGE W. KENDALL, ch. h. by Medoc, dam Jenny Devers by 

GEROW, ch. h. by Henry, dam Vixen by Eclipse. 
GERTRUDE, b. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Parasol by Napoleon 
GIFT, ch. m. by Dick Cliinn, dam Milch Cow. 
GIPSEY, b. m. by NuUifier, dam by Anti-Tariff. 
OLENARA, b. h. by {Imp.) Rowton, dam Nell Gwynne by Tramp. 
..•___ (Davis & Raglands,) ch. m. by {Imp.) Glencoe, dam 

Kitty Clover by Sir Charles. 

(Dr. Thos. Paynes,) b. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam 

Jane Shore by Sir Archy 
GLIDER, ch. h. by {Imp.) Valparaiso, dam by Clifton. 
GLIMPSE, b. h. by Medoc, dam by Tiger. 
GLORVINA, ch. m. by Industry, dam by Bay Richmond. 
GLOVER ANN, gr. m. by {Imp.) Autocrat, dam by Bolivar. 
GOLD EAGLE, ch. h. by Grey Eagle, dam Eliza Jenkins by Sir 

GOLD FRINGE, ch. h. by {Imp.) Glencoe, dam {Imp.) Gold Wire, 
GONE AWAY, b. h. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Virginian. 
GOSPORT, br. h. by {Imp.) Margrave, dam Miss Valentine by {Imp.) 

Valentine. ^ 

GOVERNOR BARBOUR, b. h. by {Imp.) Truffle, dam by Holmes 

GOVERNOR BUTLER, ch. h. by Argyle, dam Mary Frances by 

GOVERNOR CLARK, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Old Court. 
GOVERNOR POINDEXTER, ch. h. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Eliza 

Clay (the dam of Giantess,) by Mons. Tonson. 
GRACE DARLING, ch. m. by {Imp.) Trustee, da«n Celeste by 


GRAMPUS, b. h. by {Imp.) Whale, dam by Timoleon. 

_» br. h. by Shark, dam by Mons. Tonson. 

GRATTAN, b. h. by {Imp.) Chateau Margaux, dam Flora by Mary- 
land Eclipse. , , Tj I 

GREY ELLA, (A. G. Reed,) gr. m. by Big Archy, dam by Bertrand. 

. (A. G. Reed,) gr. m. by Collier, dam by Gallatin 

GREY FRANK, gr. h. by Frank, dam by Buzzard. 

GREY-HEAD, (J. L. Bradley's,) b. h. by Chorister, dam by Sumpter 

(J L. Bradley's,) b. h. by Chorister, dam by Muckla- 

John. , TT 

GREY MARY, gr. m. by Ben. Sutton, dam by Hamiltoman. 
GREY MEDOC, gr. h. by Medoc, dam Grey Fanny by Bertrand. 
GREY MOMUS, gr. h. by Hard Luck, dam by Mons. Tonson. 
GUINEA-COCK, br. h. by Merlin, dam by Grey-tail Florizel. 
GULNARE, b. m. by {Imp.) Sarpedon, dam by Sir William of 

Transport. , t, , 

GUSTAVUS, b. h. by Sussex, dam by Thornton s Rattler 
GUY OP WAP WICK, ch. h. by Frank, dam hy Hamiltoman 

42 • 




HANNAH HARRIS, b... by ^'^:t:^zt;%^?c::z''''''''' 

HANNIBAL, b. U. by O Kelly, dam R"''^"^/'/ ^y Medoc. 

Sark-away, .1.. h. by ?.""'"'i-ri'"^2sl'^S 

rAKS: tb" &r-™H ;:t™ b, P— . 

HEBE,Tm!'by Collier dam by Bemand ^^^^^^^^ 

HECTOR BELL, gr. h. by Drone, ^la'" ^ | J ^ Henry. 

SeIRESS, (THE) ch. m. by_ (^'''P^),Tr«t«'Xubran by Rubens. 

'S' S(^V^E';:L;b.\^TBel^d S,dan, sl.r.MueU.e. 

HEi1aLD:c^V by Plenipotentiary, dam ilmp.) DelpUine by 
Whisker. /r -MVTnn Plus dam Leocadiaby Virginian. 

HERMIONE, ch. m. by {Imp-) No" P'"'- '^^^ j^^^;^ t.y Figaro. 

dere [These horses are owned in Canacia.j 
SS^rh'b^ferce'^^retttm (Tbe Captain', dam.) 

HORN^BLOWER, br. h. by Monmouth Ec.ipee, dam Music b, John 


ituNOls: b h. byVcdoc. dan. by B«rlru..d. 



IOWA, ch. h. by (Imp.) Barefoot, diim (Imp.) Woodbine. 

IRENE, ro. m. by Printer, dam McKinney's Roan. 

ISEE TURNER, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviatlian, dam by Stockhold«» 

ISIDORA, b. m. by (Imp.) Blacklock. 

ISO LA, ch. m. by Bertrand, dam Susette. 


JACK DOWNING, b. h. by Pacific, dam by Mons. Tonson. 
JACK PENDLETON, ch. h. by Gohah, dam (Philip's dam,) by IVa 

JACK WALKER, ch. h. by Cymon, dam by (Imp.) Luzborougrh. 
James ALLEN, ch. h. by (imp.) Leviathan, dam Donna Maria b? 

Sir Hal. 
JAMES CROWELL, br. h. by Bertrand, dam by Sir Charles. 
JAMES JACKSON, ch. h. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam Parasol by 

JAMES F. ROBINSON, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Potomac. 
JAMES K. POLK, b. h. by (Imp.) Luzborough, dam Oleana by Tele. 


• b. h. by Telegraph, dam by Buzzard. 

• ch. h. by Buck-eye, dam by Medoc. 

JANE ADAMS, b. m. by (Imp.) Tranby. 

JANE FRANCIS, b. m. by Granby, dam by Tecumseh. 

JANE MITCHELIi, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Conqueror. 

JANE ROGERS, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Sir Charles. 

JANE SMITH, b. m. by John Dawson, dam by Pacolet. 

JANE SPLANE, gr. m. by (Imp.) Autocrat, dam Helen McGregor 

by Mercury. 
JEANETTE BERKELEY, ch. m. by Bertrand jr., dam Carolina by 

Young Buzzard. 
JEANNETTON, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Stockholder. 
JENNY-ARE-YOU-THERE, ro. m. by Sir Archy Montorio, dam by 

JENNY RICHMOND, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Hamiltonian. 
JENNY ROBERTSON, b. m. by (Imp.) Luzborough, dam by Marcua. 
JEROME, b. h. by (Imp.) Luzborough, dam by Sir Charles. 
JERRY, gr. h. by Jerry, dam by Blackburn's Sir Willi;im. 
JERRY LANCASTER, ch. g. by Mark Moore, dam Maid of Warsaw 

by Goiianna. 
JIM BELL, b. h. by Frank, dam Jonquil by Little John. 
JIM ROCK, ch. h. by Young Eclipse, dam hy Potomac 
JOB, b. h. by Eclipse, dam Jemima by Rattler. 
JOE, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Sir Arcliy Montorio. 
JOE ALLEN, ch. h. by Goliah, dam by Sir Charles. 
JOE CHALMERS, ch. h. by (Imp.) Consol, dam (Imp.) Rachel by 

Partisan (or Whalebone). 
JOE DAVIS, b. h. by Eclipse, dam Virginia Washington by Saxa 

JOE GATES, ch. h. by Marlborough, dam by Eclipse. 
JOE MURRAY, br. h. by Waxy, dam by Ha.miltonian. 
.'OE STURGES, ch. h. by John Bascombc, dam by Thomas s ^ii 

JOE WINFIELD, b. h. by John Dawson, dam Sally Dillard. 



. V..1. AvnPlJtinV h h bv (Imp.) Luiborough, dam by Bagdad. 
I^^^i!L^^!!i^f^_'ch. Iw by Cud..,u8. dam (Kate Anderson', damj 

\^Jy ffi^ch h. by John Richards, dam by Old Whip. 

John" MARlH-rLL. b. h. by (In,p.) Luzborough. dam Lady Bas, 
JOh'^ r! gTyMES. gr. h. by (/mp.) Leviathan, dam Aliee Grey by 

P»f^ (Col. A. L. Bingaman'8,) gr. h. by (.Imp.) LeTia. 

..„„ j„m Fannv Jarman by Mercury. 


JOHN YOUNG, b. h. by John ^'^^""^•''^"if'Jby'* Pol.mac 
JOHNSON, br. h. bv Sur. •'^"^^''"'^y.Yonquil by Little John. ^ 

JUL W m. by (/m,.) Rowton. ^a- ^^7,^°-, Tom Tough. 
J UI.1A BURTON eh. m. •>/ «»hanna. dan^ by l ^„,^i,f, k„. 

JUT UN th "h. by (/mp.) Luzborough, dam by Ja<=kson^ 
JUMpIr! ch h by' Timoleon, dam U.ana Vernon by Herod. 


KANAWA ch. K \M;,^,<^ jiX'dam st'pherde», by Apollo. 
^S'AND^ES:tmr'ri^.umbas.''dam Eaglet by a-.^) 

K ATEToY°b m. by Critic, dam Nancy Bone by Su»e^ 
K at! HAUN. b" m^ by Stockholder, dam by T.moleo. 



KATE LUCKETr, b. m. by Monmouth Eclipse, dam ShcpherdesB by 

KATE NICKLEBY, br. m. by (Imp.) Trustee, dam by Teniers. 
— ^— — — -^— b. m. by {Imp.) Glencoe, dam by {Imp.) Levia 

KATE SEYTON, br. m. by Argyle, dam Pocahontas by Sir Archy. 
KATE SHELBY, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Maria Shelby by 

KAVANAGH, b. or ch. h. by Bertrand, dam by Director. 
KEWANNA, b. m. by {Imp.) Cetus, dam {Imp.) My Lady by Comua 
KITTY HARRIS, gr. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam Ninon de rEnclos by 

KITTY THOMPSON, gr. m. by {Imp,) Margrave, dam Ninon do 

TEnclos by Rattler. 


LA BACCHANTE, cIl m. by {Imp.) Glencoe, dam by Bertrand. 
LA BELLA COMBS, ch. m. by Andrew, dam by Director. 
LADY CANTON, gr. m. by {Imp.) Tranby, dam Mary Randolph t, 

LADY CAVA, ch. m. by Bertrand, dam Belaey Echols by Archy 

LADY FRANCIS, b. m. by Trumpator, dam (Pressure's grandam.) 
LADY FRANKLIN, b. m. by {Imp,) Luzborough, dam Sting by Con 

LADY HARRISON, b. m. by Sir Henry, dam by Mucklejohn. 
LADY JACKSON, -. m. by Sumptcr. 
LADY JANE, gr. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Lady Grey by Orphan 

LADY PLAQUEMINE, ch. m. by Little Red, dam by {Imp,) Eagle. 
LADY PLYMOUTH, b. m. by Flagellator, dam Black Sophia by 

LADY SKIPETH, m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Truxton. 
LADY SLIPPER, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan. 
LADY STOCK, ch. m. by Stockholder, dam by Potomac 
LADY SUSAN, b. m. by Cramp, dam by Pantaloon. 
LAFITTE, gr. h. by O'Kelly, dam Caroline Wilson by Timoleon. 
LANDSCAPE, b. h. by (Imp.) Margrave, dam by Sir Archy. 
LANGHAM, ch. h. by Medoc, dum by Cumberland. 
LANEVILLE, ch. h. by Eclipse, dam by Arab. 
LASSO, b. m. by Mucklejohn, dam by Gallatin. 
LAURA, b. m. by Medoc, dam by Moses. 
LAURA LECOMTE, b. m. by Tarquin, dam Sarah by (Imp.) S»». 

I,AURE TTE, ch. m. by Jerseyman, dam Maria Harrison. 
LAVINIA PIPER, ch. m. by (Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Murphy i 

LAVOLTA, b. m. by Medoc, dam by Blackburne's Buzzard. 
LAWYER McCAMPBELL, b. h. by Lord Byron, dam Warpinf 

Bars by Rattle tlie Cash. 
LEDA, ch. m. by Tiger, dam by Sumptcr. 
LEESBUKG, cl). h. by Red Rover, dam by Tuckahoe. 
LEG-BAIL, ch. h. by Jackson, dam by Marshal Ney. 
LEG-TREASURER, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Cumberland. 





..IhIOH. oh. K. by a'"^) «'^y'f Jjj-Owulld^^^^^ 
LENNOX, b. h. by (■''»?•) "'j"'''"^' ''"'"dun bv Stockbolder. 

i'ivi - h by Stir. dan. by Walnut 
LEVITHa", /h. m. by (/""PO Lev.aUjan 

T ir^vntlvrY ch h. by Maryland Eclipse, dam by Sir Alfred, , 

Roanoke. u . c;- pmpt Lelv. dam Worthless by 

LIKENESS. (Imp.) ch. m. by Sir Peter ixiiy. a 

LITTLE BARIUJN, n. n. ujr , , Tecumseh. 

\}^tl ^MVsVv:'l;.'iVAnvli%V..) Anna Maria by 

Truffle. , u T u« Raspombe dam Bolivia by Bolivar. 

T TTq'T V PRINCE ffr. h. by John Bascomot?, uau. *^ j 

\^^\k ReK: Uy M t,^1?ranWal^T^cident.. dam.) by 
LITTLE TRICK, b. h. by (imp.) iranoy, ua v 

Livl' okt b. h. by a™.0 Luxboroug^^^^^^^^ 
LIVINGSTON, gr.h. by Med^Mam^b^^ 

7 lZ LONG br m. by (/"./-i Merman, dam by Alpheus. 

LOG^CABm. ch. h. by FranV. dam by Hamiltonian. 

LONG TOM. ch. h. by ?»<:'«=. f'" 'l^^j^aria by r.rginian. 
LORD OF LORN, br b. by >^gy .^daj Man^.^y ^^^ 

ES^loXk^l^ -»^nam Betsey Mar.. 

by John Richards. . «r ^„ 

LOUISA WINSTON> m ^yj^^^^'j . Hedgford, dam Francet 
LUCRETIA NOLAND, br. m. by (.imp.) nc ^ 

LtC^" A^EYEk. b. m by Pacmc. ^J- ^y ^r^Rieh^rd;^^^ 

by (Imp.) Boaster. p.,i_.„ j^^m by Pakenham. 

LUCY FULLER, ch. m-.^y Eclipse d.m y .^^^^^ 

LUCY LOI^-^^itatftlrdamby/hip^ 
i;i^37^;^ili. ch. m.'by Mcdoc. dam by Son,p..t. 



LUDA, b. m. by Medoc, dam Duchess of Marlborough by Sir Archy 
LUNA DOE, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Telle Doe by PaciUc 
L'iNDIiURST, ch. h. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Wonder. 
LYNEDOCH, ch. h. by {Imp.) Leviatlian, dam by Wonder. 


MABEL WYNNE, b. m. by {Imp.) Rowton, dam by Sir Archy. 
MADAME ARRALINE, ch. m. by Medoc, dam by Cadmus. 
MAFFIT, b. h. by Frank, dum by Aratus. 
MAGNATE, ch. h. by Eclipse, dam Cherry Elliott by Sumpter 
MAID OF ATHENS, b. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam by Arab. 
MAID OF NORTH AMPTON, gr. m. by {Imp.) Autocrat, dam bj 

MAJOR BOOTS, br. h. by {Imp.) Merlin, dam by Alborak. 
MANALOPAN, gr. li. by Medley, darn by John Richards. 
MANGO, {Imp.) ch. m. by Taurus, dim Pickle by Emilius. 
MARCHIONESS, ch. m. by {Imp.) Rowton, dam (Fancy's bj 

Sir Archy. 
MARCO, b. h. by Sir Leslie, dam by Lance. 
MARGARET CARTER, b. m. by Medoc, dam Lady Whip by Sii 

MARGARET BLUNT, b. m. by Eclipse, dam by Contention. 
MARGARET WOOD, b. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam Maria West by 

MARLV, ch. m. by {Imp.) Jordan, dam Polly Powell by Virgmian. 
MARIA BLACK, {Imp.) br. m. by Filho da Puta, dam by Smolensko. 
MARIA BROWN, br. m. by {Imp.) Luzboruugh, dam Brunette by Sir 

MARIA COLLIER, br. m. by Collier, dam by Gallatm. 
MARIA MILLER, br. m. by Stockholder, dam by Miidison. 
MARIA PEY'l'ON, ch. m. by Balie Peyton, dam by Tariff. 
MARIA SHELTON, ch. m. by Andrew, dam (Ajarrah Harrison'i 

dam) by Gallatin. 
MARIA SPEED, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Pacific. 
MARIA WILLIAMS, ch. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam by Napoleon 
MARINER, bl. h. by Shark, dam Bonnet's o' BUie by Sir Charles. 
MARION, b. m. by {Imp.) Autocrat, dam by Rob Roy. 
MARTHA BICKER rON, b. m. by Panmnky. dam by Tariff. 
MAR TH A CARTER, ch. m. by Beitrand, dam Sally Nayior by Cral. 


ch. m. by Bertrand, dam by Oscar. 

MARTHA CALVIN, b. m. by Agripfia, dam by Walnut. 

MAR i'HA MALONE, b. m. by {Imp.) Leviathan, dam Tatchecana 

by Bcrtrand. ,,10 « 

MARTHA RANEY, b. m. by {Imp.) Luzhon)U<rh, d'^"' ^7 ^""^/J^^L; 
MARTHA ROW'i'ON, ch. m. by {Imp.) Rowton, dam Martha (^rittiD 

by Phenomenon. r.. 1 r» j o 

M ARTHAVILLE, h. m. by Dick Singleton, dam Black-Eyed Siisan 
M \TCHEM, ch. h. by {Imp.) Luzhorou<rh, dam by P'nd Jaeieson. 
MARTIN'S Jl'DY, hr. n;. by Young's .M( r^u-y, dam by Lciiphe. 
MARTIN VAN BL'REN, b. h. by Lituy. tte Stoekbolder, dam by In 

diar * r- %. I 

MARY, gr. in. by Old Snul, by Free MulatUi. 

I 1. 



trand. », ,^ , i , c;- t o^We dam by Potomac. 

MARY llEECIlLiN ). b "^ • ' J^^ '-VK' « '■> Si..kb<.M.. 
MARVCELl.;..5. •yS~B»».J;;^rS2 j„,,VH,,mMlo..i.». 

MARY BRENNAN; k. '»;'' ''';;;,™ll*„,i» J-m Sj S»«ll»lJi.. 

Ky m.i™ it b, i.b, a.n. ^f •SS±'W s™p».. 

MARY MORRIS, b. ». 'f "«'"; A^^S. "•» 'J ' ■"l•■■ 

(/mp.) BoaBter. „ . j Bolivia by BoUvar. 

MARY WATSON gr. m. \<y «;f;,^„"T:.. Discord by (/mp.)Luzbo- 

MARY u'lCKLIFFE, b. .... bv Modoc. gj, ^rchy. 

MKIKX;A, ch. 111. by Medoc, d^»tn by u Pacolci. 

MEDORA WINSTON, b. m. by l^--^^? ^^^^ HanuafH Diomed 

MELODY, ciu in. by Mcdoc. dam ^i » 

MEKCEll en. b. by Woodpecl^cr, dam uy 



MERIDIAN, ch. h. by {Imp.) Barefoot, dam by Eclipse. 
METARIE, ch. m. by Frank, dam (Musedora's dam) by Kosciusko. 
METEOR, ch. h. by {Imp.) Priam, dam (Baltimore's dam) by Go- 

McINTYRE, ch. h. by Medoc, dam by Sumpter. 
MIDNIGHT, bl. m. by Shark, dam Meg Dods, by Sir Archy. 
MIDAS, b. h. by {Imp.) Row ion, dam by Roanoke. 
MILTON HARRISON, b. h. by Orange Boy, dam by Quicksilver. 
MINERVA ANDERSON, ch. m. by {Imp.) Luzborough. dam by Sif 

MINERVA PROFFIT, ch. m. by {Imp.) Luzborough, dam Sophia 

Boss. ^ 

MINISTER, b. h. by Medoc, dam by Alexander. 
MINSTREL, b. m. by Mtdoc, dam by Bedford's Alexander. 
M INT JULEP, br. h. by Godolphin, dam Isora by Dockon. 
M IRA BEAU, b. h. by Medoc, dam Ann Merry by Sumpter. 
MIRIAM, b. m. by {Imp.) Autocrat, dam Laura by Rob Roy. 
M IRTH, b. m. by Medoc, dam (Minstrers dam) by Bedford's Alexan. 

MISKVVA, ch. m. by Dick Chinn, dam Linnet by {Imp.) Leviathan. 
MISSISSIPPI, b. h. by John Dawson, dam by Partnership. 
MISSOURI, cli. m. by Eclipse, dam by Director. 
MISTAKE, b. m. by Eclipse, dam by Timoleon. 
MISS ACCIDENT, {Imp.) b. m. by Tramp, dam Fiorestine by Whis- 

MISS ANDREW, ch. m. by Andrew, dam by Gallatin. 
M ISS BELL, b. m. by {Imp.) Consol, dam {Imp.) Amanda by Morisca 
MISS CHESTER, b. m. by {Imp.) Sarpedon, dam Delilah by Tiger. 
MISS CLARK, ch. m. by Birmingham, dam by Cumberland. 
MISS CLASH, ch. m. by Birmingham, dam by Stockholder. 
MISS CLINKER, {Imp.) b. m. by Humphrey Clinker, dam Mania !>y 

MISS FOOTE, b. m. by {Imp.) Consol, dam {Imp.) Gabriella by Oscar 

(or Oineau). 
VI ISS JACKSON, ch. m. by Oakland, dam by Dioiried. 
MISS LETTY, b. m. by {Imp.) Priam, dam Patty Burton by Marion. 
MISS MACARTY, b. m. by Waxy. 
MISS RIDDLE, ch. m. by {Imp.) Riddlesworth, dam Lady Jackson 

by Sumpter. 
MISS WILLS, gr. m. by {Imp.) Zinganeo, dam Sorrow by Rob Roy. 
M(JBILE, b. h. by {Imp.) Consol, dam {Imp.) Sessions by Whalebone. 
MOLLY LONG, ch. m. by Tom Fletcher, dam by {Imp.) Janus. 
MOLLY WARD, b. m. by {Imp.) Iledgford, dam by Bertrand. 
MOLOCH, {Imp.) b. h. by Mulcy Molocli, dam Sifter to Puss by T» 

MONARCH, {Imp.) h h. by Priam, dam Delphine by Whisker 
MONGRELIA, ch. m. by Medoc, dam Brownlock by Tiger. 
MONKEY DICK, b. h. bv Dick Singleton, dam by Sumpter 
MORDAC, ch. h. by Eclipse, dam by Whip. 
MORGAN, ch. h. by John Bascombe, dam Amy Hamilton. 
MORGIANA, ch. m. by Red Gauntlet, dam by Joe Ken!. 
MORTIMER, eh. U, by Monmouth Eclipue, by Ogle's Ohcw 



it > 

MOSELLE (Colonel Gavan's). b. m. by Telegraph, dam (/«#•) J.- 
MOSELLE CE. P. Dave's), b. m. by (Imp.) Lu.borough. daa (Imp.) 
Jane Shore. . ,t x Jessica by Veloci^wde. 

loon. ^^^ , _ , „ Frnnk dam bv Voltaire. 

NANCY DAWSON chinJ.yF^'^ljfj^'/^Ln by Mons.Tonson. 
NANCY O., ch. m. by Flagg, dam ™"i ^^ by Rob Roy. 

S ANCY ROWLAND, b - M/^^X M«tt" by' Sir Arcby. 
NANNY, b IS- b„y,^';"Pi^r by Stockholder, dam by (Imp.) Eagle. 
NARCl^A PARISI , ch -rn. by L„„i«ianai9e. 

SI^'KfORd'. i'rT'b; Beruand. da... Morocco Shpper by Ti 
nT^'flTplPF br h by Birmingham, dam by Whipster. 

KICK DAVIS, ch.h. by (Imp.) Glencoe. 

^ CON i. h.*by P"f ^V^;- ^turda'm (/mp.) My Lady by Com„.«^8.«»»'^^ y p^^^^^^ by John 

NORFOLK, br. h. by (Imp.) »y'oo. " 

Richards. , •. .i.m f fmo 1 Novelty by BlacklocK. 

OCTAVE, b. m. by a-P-)/^!?^^^^ 
^ 5gLEN AH, ch. h. by Medocjam^^ ^^^^ ^ 

OH SEE, ch. h. by {Imp^ ^^'eS dam Isabella by Sir Arcby.. 
"^^ KRSct^: ^/y ^C^rfeadger, dam T.moura by Tun. 

OLEAK: ch. m. by arnp,J^;\^^^^^^^^^ I^n^U by Bertrand 

"^^^^^^^^^ ]S- by Sir Archy. 

n YMPIJS ch. h. by Eclipse, dam l^''''^^l.~ Oscar. 

OMOHONDKO, ch. h. by ^J'b^n Brown (imP.Uuzborough. 

ORE(H)N b. h hy ( 7^) »' tTt, dVm C^/mp.) Orleana by Bu. 
ORIANA. Dr. m. by {Imp.) Longwais^ 




ORIFLAMME, ch. h. by Mons. Tonsoq, dam by Sir Hal.