\ I / ^Seorgia
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MAR 9 '62
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CHARLES A. COLLIER
. PREPARED AND EDITED BY
BARBARA J, RANKIN — RECREATION DIRECTOR
ITii I WW '
A CHRISTMAS MESSAGE
As we approach the end of another year,
we, in the General Office of the Department of State
Parks, wish to take this opportunity to thank aU of the park
superintendents and co-workers and other agencies for the splen-
did cooperation given to us during i960.
We wish to extend to each of you and your families a "Very
Merry Christmas". May the spirit of Christmas make us even more
conscious of the magnificient contribution that our work plays
in the welfare of mankind. We are sure that you wil.l join with
us in a resolution that 1961 will be a year of progress in meet-
ing the leisure-time needs of the people of Georgia
May peace and joy be with you throughout the
THE GENERAL OFFICE WAS VERY PLEASED TO SEE MR. COLLIER RETURN TO
WORK ON NOVEMBER 21. HE WAS VERY PLEASED WITH THE PROGRESS THAT
HAS BEEN MADE IN THE DEPARTMENT, AND HOPES THAT HE WILL BE ABLE
TO VISIT SOME OF THE AREAS IN THE NEAR FUTURE.
WE ARE CERTAINLY GLAD TO HAVE HIM BACK, AND WE KNOW THE PERSONNEL
THROUGHOUT THE DEPARTMENT EXPRESSES OUR WISHES FOR HIS CONTINUED
RECOVERY FROM HIS RECENT ILLNESS.
Fall colors of the North Georgia
mountains have brought thousands
of people into our parks during
the past two months. Every state
park in the mountainous areas have
recorded many, many visitors en-
joy ng the countryside and the
brilliant colors. Vogel, for
instance, recorded 15,000 people
in one afternoon. Unicoi, Black
Rock, Port Mountain and Cloudland
Canyon have all reported many
THE PARK SUPERINTENDENTS CONFERENCE
WAS HELD NOVEMBER 15-16, i960
The 3rd In-Service Training Program
was held at Veterans Memorial State
Park. Mr. Harry Kenning. American
Red Cross Field Representative,
Southeastern Area, was the princi-
pal consultant and did an out-
standing job in training the super-
intendents in first aid and arti-
ficial resperation. The Department
of State Parks would like to thank
Mr. Kenning for his interest and
wonderful cooperation during the
* •* * * •* *
K0L0M0KI - Work has started on con-
verting an old guard house into a
comfort station for tent and trailer
campers. We hope that next year our
family campers will be better pleased
with our facilities.
A. H. STEPHANS - Democratic nomi-
nee, Adlai Stevenson, and a party
including Mrs. Marshall Fields,
paid a visit to Alexander H.
Stephens State Park, Crawfordville
Georgia during the weekend of
November 19 . He seemed very well
pleased with the Confederate Museum,
and felt that Liberty Hall was most
interesting. The parks department
was pleased to have such an out-
THE SOUTHEASTERN STATE PARK DIRECTORS
CONFERENCE WAS HELD AT IDA CASON
The 19th Annual Meeting of the
Southeastern State Park Directors
was held November 2-'i at Ida Cason
Callaway Gardens Pine Mountain
The Georgia Department of State
Parks was host for the conference.
Park directors and their key per-
sonnel from twelve states were
represented. Many ideas were ex-
changed with state park represen-
tatives in addition to the National
Park Service. U.S. Corps of Engin-
eers and National Forestry Service.
Dr. Hugh Masters, of the Univer-
versity of Georgia made the key-note
address at the banquet. Every-
one felt that the meeting was a
success, due to the fact that one
state can always learn from another.
THE STONE FOR THE MONTH OF
The earliest jewelry known belong-
ed to a Queen of Egypt's first
dynasty and was made of cast gold
and carved turquoise, an opaque
skyblue stone, is found in Russia,
China, Sinai, Tibet and south-
western United States. Much
American Indian jewelry is of silver
The turquoise, a gem rarely found
in crystals , is usually obtained
in a solid mass.
Temperance and labor are the two
best physicians of man; labor
sharpens the appetite and temper-
ance prevents him from indulging
"THE PORT YARGO EPIC"
By Rev. L. G. Marlin
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Rev. L G
Marlin of Winder, Georgia has
recently completed a paper titled
The Fort Yargo Epic' 1 that will be
of great interest to the people of
the area. Local groups, who are
working to get the old fort re-
stored, requested him to make a
research into the history of this
old landmark. This he has recent-
ly completed, after considerable
research, and he has consented to
let us publish it in The Winder
News in several installments. This
is the first and it will be contin-
ued each week until completed. He
later plans to have it published
in pamphlet form--H.O.S. )
GUNNING FIVE PER CENT OF PUBLIC USE
OF REFUGES, SAYS FISH AND WILDLIFE
The Fish and Wildlife Service, in
its latest annual report on how the
public user; the wildlife refuges,
says there were 9,936,000 visitor-
days for the year, in all areas.
Ninety-five per cent of these were
for uses other than gunning. (it
may come as a shock to some to
learn that several of the refuges
are partly open to wildlife shoot-
ing in season.)
Thirty-two per cent of the use was
for fishing, but sixty-three per
cent for picnicking and swimming
and for observing and photographing
wildlife. The Service explains
that designated parts of 138 of the
275 national wildlife refuges, where
such use does not interfere with
the primary purpose of the areas,
are open to recreation of this kind.
Out of the bosom of the air.
Out of the cloud-folds of her
Over the woodlands brown and
Over the harvest-fields forsaken,
Silent and soft and slow
Descends the snow.
Even as our cloudy fancies take
Suddenly shape in some diving
Even as the troubled heart doth'
In the white countenance
The troubled sky reveals
The grief it feels.
This is the poem of the air.
Slowly in silent syllables
This is the secret of despair,
Long in its cloudy bosom hoarded
Now whispered and revealed
To wood and field.
By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Sam Watson, a tall, solemn-looking
Negro., making his annual trip for
his holiday purchases, was a little
belated reaching the city on
Christmas eve. Having finished
bis shopping, he was hurrying to
the station to catch his waiting
train, when he stumbled; a jug fell
to the sidewalk with a crash and
the precious contents at once be-
came a mere wet place on the con-
crete. Sam stood for a moment
dazed by his misfortune. Then, as
he turned away from the heart-break-
ing sight, he said in a lugubrious
tone: "Dan now.' Chris'mus done come
All work is as seed sown; it grows
and spreads and sows itself anew.
He that hath a trade, hath an estate.
He that hath a calling, hath an office
of profit and honor.
he understanding and appreciation
of nature begins in the very young.
Don't pass up an opportunity to
show them the right way.
Max Primodig, Manager, Ft. Wilkins
State Park, Michigan, says it's
a good idea to have a splitting
block handy for camper use, other-
wise some of them may be chopping
wood on your good stone fireplaces
or the handiest porch or bench
- " / 'ft
\ v For sandy soil, a bed
of rock or 2 by 4 cross
pieces will increase
Max takes a hardwood log about 5
feet long and 8 inches thick, cuts
a two or three-inch slab off of
one side and then buries it in th p
ground, flat side up. The flat
surface is an inch or two above
the ground The advantages of the
splitting block are: (l) it won't
tip over (2) it can't get carried
off (3) it encourages campers to
split their wood at one central
point and (4) if you provide the
ax as some parks do there is
less likelihood of it getting dul-
led or otherwise damaged
For additional stability in sand
soil, Max recommends a 2 by \ cross
piece underneath each end of the
log when it is put in place or
rocks might be piled around it
before the earth is backfilled.
HOW DECEMBER GOT ITS NAME
In the old Roman Calandar which
started with the month of March,
December was the tenth month and
it was named for the Latin word
'decern' or ten.
When Julius Caesar changed the
calendar in '46 B.C., December be-
came the twelfth month but kept
its original name.
* * * * * *
THE FLOWER OF THE MONTH
The plant one thinks of first at
Christmas season is the holly,
December's flower with its bright
shiny pointed leaves and gay red
berries . The holly bears no flower
in winter but in May its small
white blossoms transform the country-
side into a sea of beauty, especial-
ly in England- where both holly and
hawthorn are widely used as hedges.
Since early barbaric times the
people of northern- Europe have used
holly and other evergreens for deco-
ration at the midwinter festival
which is now Christmas. Its name
comes from 'holy tree".
Today is a good day to put up the
Christmas mistletoe. People in
northern Europe have been doing
this for hundreds of years, tacking
a spray of the yellowish-green leaves
and waxy white berries over the
doorways. In Druid times, the
mistletoe was held sacred. In early
times, its use was not allowed
because the pagan had used it. At
one time the mistletoe was supposed
to have healing properties. Now,
any girl caught under it must for-
feit a kiss.
To make a boot string or a tie strap
from odd pieces of leather, use this
old Mexican method. The scrap should
be trimmed to the largest possible
circle, as in figure # 1.
' - - - -
' ' ' ,
Figure # 2
A portable stand for frying pan or
coffee pot can be made from four
iron rods (approximately 18" long)
and a short length of pipe.
Insert rods in pipe, bend one end
of each rod to a 90° angle, the
other end to a 450 angle. They
spread to form a very stable support,
and fold to form a very compact
Figure #1 -^: _^
Then mark off a decreasing circle line
all the way to the center of the piece
Place on a soft board, and cut along
your dotted line with a sharp knife.
You can get great lengths from very
• 18" long
Submitted by: George Greene, Supt., Georgia Veterans Mem. State Park
SECOND DIGGING SEASON ENDS
AT COLORADO'S WETHERILL MESA
The national Park Service and the
tional Geographic Society have
completed a second season of ex-
cavations at abandoned cliff dwell-
ings of Southwest Pueblo Indians.
Indians vanished from the Weathe-
rill Mesa section of what is now
Colorado's Mesa Verde. National
Park before A.D. 1300. Archeolo-
gists want to know how they lived
and what happened to them.
Scientists who were housed in a
tent city there during the summer
are conducting a broad program of
research. Studies of the cliff
architecture., artifacts, burials,
soil, pollen, wood charcoal, and
the area's plant life are part of
the long-range project.
Thousands of articles have been
collected at the main cliff settle-
ments, Long House, Mug House, and
Step House. These include pottery,
baskets, bone fleshers, bone awls,
stone axes, and. surprisingly, a
by bit, the scientists are
learning more about the shadowy
people of the mesa?. Examination
of rock deposits or near-by Mancos
River and the La Plata Mountains
suggests, for instance, that these
were the sources of stone from
which the Indians made tools.
A poignant discovery was made in
front of Mug House. Chancing upon
a burial place, excavators found
the remains of 23 Indians, most of
them infants and children. There
were meager grave offerings, pottery
awls, vases, arrowpoints, and beads.
Master floor plans are being made of
the larger settlements . Survey-
ors have located hundreds of smaller
pueblo sites on the ridges of the
tree-tangled canyon-scarred hills.
During the first part of the Great
Period, A.D. 1100 to 1300, people
lived atop the mesas in well-built
masonry pueblos. About 1200,
possibly because of enemy attacks,
they began to move down into the
canyons and build their pueblos in
cliff faces and caves. Eventually
they departed, harassed perhaps by
drought as well as enemies.
Many pueblos, particuallarly Long
House, were nearly wrecked by early
looters. A chief objective of the
Park Service -National Geographic
project is to stabilize the ruins
of We the rill Mesa so they can be
opened to the public.
The Wetherill cliff dwellings would
then serve as an alternate attrac-
tion to Chapin Mesa's famous Cliff
House., which is literally being
worn down by the growing numbers of
visitors to the Park.
Stabilization involves overhanging
cliffs as well as the man-made
crumbling masonry. This summer,
engineers removed a ten-ton slab
of loose rock that threatened to
flatten rooms in Mug House. Remov-
al of a large rock slide there re-
vealed a whole complex of rooms
whose presence was unsuspected.
Cell-like rooms surrounded ceremo-
nial courts, or kivas, in the large
dwellings. At Long House, excava-
tions below floor level have reveal-
ed special features such as mealing
bins and fireplaces.
The Wetherill Mesa Archeological
Project is expected to take five or
six years. Dr. Douglas Osborne, of
the National Park Service, is the
supervisory archeologist .
By the time father gets the vaca-
tion bills paid, it is time to think
about Christmas presents.
WEATHER - Weather extremes are a
possibility when living outdoors,
and it is wise to know how to
stay safe and comfortable under
various conditions. In this way
you run no undue risks to health
or have to turn for home in the
midst of your vacation.
There may be a sudden cold spell
in midsummer or you may encounter
very chilly conditions at high
altitudes; be parpared for this
extreme with warm clothing for
all the family. You will be
warmer sleeping on the ground
than on cots, and newspapers
under sleeping bags will help.
If bags zip together, sleeping
double will help. You can
warm your tent by filling a
Dutch oven or pail with coals
or hot rocks. A gas stove or
lantern will help take off some
chill. A reflector-type fire
at the entrance will warm the
inside; aluminum foil in back
of the fire will reflect more
heat in the right direction.
If caught in an unseasonal
snowstorm, brush snow off the
roof of tent with a soft bough,
and pile boughs against the
sides for extra insulation.
When heating the inside of a
tent with a stove or heater of
any sort, be sure there is
In very hot weather, pitch your
tent in shade and where there is
some breeze. A large fly or
white sheet pitched over the tent
roof will help to keep the in-
side cooler. Leave all windows
and flaps open and lift the tent
sides if there is no floor. A
Canvas water bag hung inside the
tent, with a tpan below to catch
the drip, may help to keep the
temperature down a bit. Sleep
on top of your bag rather than
inside. Know the symptons and
first aid for sunburn, sunstroke,
and heat exhaustion. Stay out of
the hot midday sun.
If a windstorm appears likely
be sure your camp is well secured.
Hold down plastic covers or tar-
paulins v/ith rocks, collapse
canvas chairs and cots. Drown
campfire to prevent any sparks
from getting under the floor,
and if necessary, collapse the
tent altogether. If there is
any hail and the stones are large,
slacken tent ropes. You may want
to take refuge in the car if
there is severe lightning . Avoid
shelters in the open and if caught
outdoors stay away from isolated
tall trees and high places; seek
protection in low ground; or at
the foot of a hill or cliff. In
hard rain , you may need to cover
things inside the tent until the
first period of spray is over.
Remember to loosen tent guy lines,
and be sure a fly or awning has
no hollows to catch and pool the
Adequate protection from the ele-
ments and knowledge of how to cope
with some few situations which
may arise while living outdoors
is the simple secret of a happy
camping experience. May your
next trip be the best yet. 1
Sue: "I believe my husband is the
most generous man in the world."
Lou: "How's that?"
Sue: "Well, I gave him a dozen of
the loveliest neckties for Christ_
mas , and he took them right down
and gave them to the Salvation
Army . "
Coming together is a beginning;
keeping together is progress;
working together is success.
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS STATE PARK
LIBERTY HALL - The beautiful antebellum home of Alexander Hamilton
Stephens in the state park bearing his name near Crawfordville is a
home which has seen a lot of living, and somehow seems to have captured
some of that exciting spirit of its hey-day.
Stephens, vice-president of the Confederacy and Governor of Gaorgia,
liked to entertain and he liked to do it in his own way. He enjoyed
seeing his guests enjoy themselves. In his home the guests felt free,
relaxed. That's the way Stephens wanted it. That's why he named his
stately home "Liberty Hall".
Some of the South 's greatest leaders have been guests in this house and
as you walk through its massive hall and look into the gracious rooms,
you get the feeling that all of Stephens' guests must have looked for-
ward to coming there.
You'll also find evidence of other traits of that great man. Like the
mound of rocks in the corner of the garden where "Rio" and other faith-
ful dogs are buried. He was a great lover of dogs. The epitaph on the
mound makes this known.
"Here rests the remains of what in life was a satire upon the human race,
but an ornament unto his own, a faithful dog ,! .
The house has a wine cellar and there is reason to believe he was careful
and proud of this facility. And another room which he called simply "the
tramp room". That's probably an early den, in the rough.
The beautiful Brussels carpeting and the wall paper are reproductions,
but much of the original furniture is there.
LIBERTY HALL (Continued)
At the Stephens Park there is
also a Confederate Museum where
relics, documents, diaries and
letters are preserved. Also at
the museum are uniforms of the
Confederates, muskets, swords
and hundreds of other articles
to hold your interest for hours.
Every Georgia ought to visit this
delightful park and tour this
lovely home. Mot for its own
beauty and interest alone, but
for what its owner represented.
Stephens, born in Taliaferro
County, was left motherless while
a baby and an orphan at fourteen.
Frail in statue, he weighed around
90 pounds. He was never married.
After graduating from Franklin
College, now the University of
Georgia, he went to Liberty Hall
after teaching school two years
to study law. He loved the
place, and when its owner died
he bought it.
While he lived there he served
in the State Legislature as a
delegate to the Charleston Commer-
cial Convention and as a member
of Congress for 26 years. He
led Georgia's opposition to
secession and when his state
seceded he was elected to the
provisional congress and later
vice president of the Confederacy .
Later he served as governor after
teaching, writing and editing a
The park also offers group camp-
ing, tent and trailer camping and
fishing. It's a delightful place
for a weekend vacation. It is
located on Georgia W and 15 and
U.S. 278. Any service station
will assist you in marking the
best route to this park.
EXPLORING OUR NATIONAL PARKS AND
MONUMENTS -- 5th EDITION
By Devereux Butcher
This is the book about the national
parks and monuments under the care
of the National Park Service. Since
publication of the 1st edition, in
19^7, it has gone through four more
editions, with a total printing of
100,000 copies. Each edition has
been improved and revised to keep
all information up to date.
The book describes 26 national parks
3^ nature monuments and 17 archaeolo-
gical monuments. In 312 pages, there
are more than 300 magnificent photo-
graphs, including 16 pages in color,
of scenery, wildlife, wild flowers,
and prehistoric Indian ruins. Three
maps show the locations of all areas
described. Not only is this the com-
plete guide to these sanctuaries under
National Park Service care, but it
expresses throughout, the highest
principals governing their adminis-
tration and protection. It is the
ideal book for all wilderness and
nature enthusiasts. In cloth covers
it is $5; in paper $3.^5. Order
from your local book store today a
copy for yourself and gift copies
for your friends, or fill in the
coupon and mail it with your check
to the publishers.
Houghton Mifflin Company
2 Park Street
Boston 7, Massachusetts
DATES TO REMEMBER
December 25, I960
American Camping Association
April 12-14, 1961
Family Camping Workshop
April 22-23, 1961
* * * * * *
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