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German Exodus to England 
IN 1709. 

(/IDas6en*auswan&erunQ &ec jptalser). 


tTbe ipcnn0i?l\>ania.^(5erman Society, 






ccpyrioht 1897. 

Bt F. R. Diffenderffer. 

all rights reserved. 



HE colonization of this 
continent by the Spaniards, 
Bngiish, Dutcli, Swedes, French, 
and Germans, presents many 
curious historical features and 
incidents. From the settlement 
of the Spaniards in Central and 
South America, to that of the 
French in the Canadas, many 
curious episodes thrust them- 
selves upon the consideration of 
the chronicler, matching in in- 
terest and importance anything 
told in Greek or Roman story. 
Our Society, while taking an interest in all these 
early colonists, has to do only with those peoples 
from whom our membership claims descent, except 
in so far as they may incidentally have come into 

Insignia of thk Pennsyl- 
vania-German Society. 

258 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

contact witli the people of other races and their OMai 
lives and careers been influenced by the men of other 
lands, and whose interests and destinies were more 
or less closely interwoven with their own. 

But even as we stand upon the very threshold of 
this great question of Germanic immigration and set- 
tlement in the New World, we are confronted with the 
magnitude no less than the importance and grandeur 
of the subject. Its period of active and continuous 
duration covers more than a century, and even now, 
more than two centuries since the first German set- 
tlement was made in one of the suburbs of Philadel- 
phia, this Teutonic wave still continues to reach the 
shores of our Commonwealth. De Quincy in one of 
his brilliant essays describes the flight of a Tartar 
tribe, in which 600,000 men, women and children, 
pursued their course from the banks of the Volga, for 
more than 2000 miles through the treeless plains and 
sandy wastes that mark the highlands of Central 
Asia, from midwinter until the succeeding fall. It 
was an event wonderful in its conception and as re- 
markable for its successful execution. But it was 
after all, only the return of a people to the home 
which their forefathers had left generations before. 
It was going back to the old rooftrees where plenty 
as well as a welcome awaited them. Not so with the 
early Germans who came to America. Desolation 
and hunger indeed, lay behind them. With poverty 
and misery for companions, they braved the perils of 
the ocean for months at a time ; they were crowded 
into ships that became pest houses, in which the fatal 

Introductory. 259 

ship fever more than decimated their ranks, the sur- 
vivors well aware that years of servitude under task 
masters would be their lot. 

But the task to which I address myself is not to 
rehearse the story of the German immigration and 
settlement in this and some of the other states. 
That is a grand theme, worthy of anyone's ambition. 
In a general way it has been told and retold, but the 
subject is of fadeless interest and much still remains 
to be discovered and recorded. Out of the many in- 
teresting phases of this wonderful story, I have 
chosen one episode, one of which the writers of our 
history have made but small account, but which, 
while surrounded by obscurity, is nevertheless of sur- 
passing interest to us, the descendants of those early 




HERE Has been some discus- 
sion among historians who 
have dealt with the question of 
German immigration to America, 
which should be considered the 
first established colony. Loher^ 
tells us the Spaniards, Italians, 
French and English may not claim the exclusive 
honor of founding early settlements on this con- 
tinent. ''In Venezuela was planted the first Ger- 
man colony in the New World," are his words.^ 

1 Geschichte und Zustanden der Deutchen in Amerika, von Franz 
Loher, p. i. This now well-established fact has also been carefully 
elaborated by Julius F. Sachse, Esq. 

^ Geschichte, p. 14. 

The Sivedish Colony. 261 

The date given is 1526. The colony which settled 
itself on the shores of the Delaware in 1638, while 
ostensibly Swedish, was largely composed of Ger- 
mans. Although Gustavus Adolphus and his no less 
illustrious minister, Axel Oxenstierna, were its pro- 
moters, the great Protestant king begged the Protest- 
ant German princes to permit their subjects to join 
his scheme of colonization,^ and from the names 
among those colonists that have come down to us, we 
are assured that many of them were Germans. The 
charter accorded the Germans even more favorable 
conditions than it did to the Swedes themselves. 
Campanius, the earliest Swedish historian of New 
Sweden, tells us Germans went in the ship "der Vogel 
Greif " which sailed with 50 colonists to establish the 
first colony on the Delaware. In 1638, Peter Min- 
newit, the first Governor, was drowned in the West 
Indies. Johannes Printz, a native of Holstein, 
succeeded him. Although Printz was in the Swe- 
dish service, he was a German nobleman M^hose 
full name was Edler von Buchan. With Printz came 
54 German families, mostly from Pomerania.'* These 
facts establish the semi-German character of this 
so-called Swedish colony. 

But when we come to look for a German colony in 
the New World that was distinctively such, that was 
permanent in its nature and left its imprint in 

^ Mr. Provost Stille, in Penna. Mag. of Hist, and Biog. 
* The First German Immigrants to North America, by Louis P. Hen- 
nighausen, pp. 160-162, 

262 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

ineffaceable characters upon the future of the people 
of Pennsylvania, we must re-echo the words of the 
late Dr. Seidensticker who said : "Should it be asked 
when the German immigration in America had its 
beginning, the answer must be, in the year 1683."^ 
He of course alludes to the Germantown settlement. 

From that time forward, individuals and families 
found their way to the New World, but this immigra- 
tion for some years was small and sporadic. We 
do not find that colonies of any considerable size 
made their way hither. In 1705 a number of 
German Reformed families left their homes between 
Wolfenbuttel and Halberstadt. They first went 
to Neuwied, in Rheinish Prussia, and thence to 
Holland, whence they sailed for New York, and fin- 
ally settled in German Valley, Morris county. New 

A still more important German colony was led to 
these shores in 1708. In January of that year, 
Joshua von Kocherthal, a German preacher, represent- 
ing 21 families, composed of 54 persons," presented 
himself to the resident Knglish government agent, 
Davenant, at Frankfort-on-the-Main, and asked for 
permission to go to England, as well as for the 
necessary subsistence. Davenant consulted with 

^ "Fragt mann welcher zeit die deutsche Einwannderung in America 
ihren Anfang genommen habe, so lautet die Antwort : Im Jahre 1683." 
Bilder aus der Deutche-Pennsj'lvanischen Geschichte, von Oswald 
Seidensticker, p. 3. 

^ The Pennsylvania German Dialect, by Dr. Marion Dexter Learned. 

'' Their number is variously stated. Kapp says 61. See his Deutchen 
im Staate New York, p. 12. 





1^ r4 'i»7il£.ufiS- eA 


v/^/?t Inftit ^fi^< 

- Jf t „ (7/ * . r--rr' 



Letter of citizenship granted hy the Queen to the members of the Kocherthal 



■•■^ '^^^-rr, -earner fi-'t^J'ji 7.-^/ r,, -rJaf ,•}.■}/(%- ^ *'' •■' ■ -^/'.V-a- 

Colony, the first German one sent out under Government auspices. (See note.) 

Kocherthal and his Colony. 263 

the Home government, and was advised, tliat no 
assistance could be rendered until these people 
received the consent of the Blector to expatriate 
themselves. Without more ado, Kocherthal and 
his little colony of Palatines, in March, made 
their way through the Low Countries and across 
the sea to London. Upon their arrival they were 
completely impoverished and without means of 
subsistence. Queen Anne allowed each a stipend 
of one shilling per day. What to do with them was 
the question. It was at first decided to send them to 
the island of Jamaica or Antigua, in the West Indies, 
but to this the Palatines objected because the climate 
there was so unlike their own. With their consent 
their destination was changed to New York, whose 
climate was more like that to which they were accus- 
tomed. Accordingl}^, on April 28, 1708, they were 
sent to that colony on a government vessel, accom- 
panied by Lord Lovelace, the newly appointed Gov- 

® Die Deutchen im Staate New York, wahrend des achtzehnten Jahr- 
hunderts, von Freiderich Kapp. The records of the Board of Trade 
show that of this colony lo were men, lo women, 21 children, the rest 
unclassified. There was i joiner, i smith, and the rest were farmers, while 
the women understood the sams business. An effort was made to salary 
Kocherthal, but Secretary Boyle said he could find no authority to 
settle a salary on a foreign clergyman, Tools were however furnished 
for the colonists, and 20 pounds were given to Kocherthal for books and 
clothes. See records of the Board of Trade. Appendix B. 

Arms of the City of London. 




^^^jLsj"^ ^g j^^g been seen, there 

Arms of the German E,mpire, A. D. ' 

1694. was up to the beginning of 

the eighteenth century, no extended emigration 


The Exodus to London. 265 

movement in the direction of the Knglisli colonies 
in America by Germans. It is trne, immigrants con- 
tinned to come in the wake of the Germantown set- 
tlers, but they were either a few families at a 
time, or isolated individuals, and did not attract much 
attention. This period of comparative quietude con- 
tinued uninterruptedly until 1709. During the en- 
tire period which elapsed from the establishment of 
the Pastorius colony in 1683 to the year 1709, the 
immigration was sporadic and unimportant. I have 
been unable to ascertain with exactness the number 
of Germans in Pennsylvania in the last named year, 
but it is almost certain that it did not exceed two or 
three thousand individuals, which would give us an 
average immigration of about 100 individuals an- 
nually during the entire period, surely a very moder- 
ate number when we consider the efforts made by 
Penn to secure colonists, the favorable reports sent to 
the old home by the Crefelders, and the wide disper- 
sion of pamphlets throughout Germany, reciting in 

Through the courtesy of Dr, F. D. Stone, the accomplished Hbrar- 
ian of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, I am enabled to present to the 
American public this fac-simile of the letter of denization granted to the 
colony of Germans led to this country by the Rev. Joshua von Kocher- 
thal, in 1708. This colony numbered fifty-four persons and was the first 
one composed of Germans who came across the Atlantic under the 
direct auspices and with the assistance of the English Government. 
The sum expended by the Government in planting this little colony in 
New York, was from first to last ^655, of which amount Lord Lovelace's 
bill was for /202,i7,S><. On August 29, 1709, Kocherthal sent a letter 
of thanks to the Board of Trade for its favor and kind offices. The 
above fac-simile, I believe, has never been printed or reproduced before. 

266 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

glowing terms the advantages of Pennsylvania as a 
land of plenty and an asylum from oppression. 


During the months of May and June, 1709, the 
citizens of the city of London were astonished to 
find the streets of that metropolis swarming with 
men and w^onien of an alien race, speaking an un- 
known tongue and bearing unmistakable indications 
of poverty, misery and want. It soon became known 
that about 5000 of these people were sheltered under 
tents in the suburbs of the city. 

Additions were almost daily made to their number 
during June, July, August and September, and by 
October, between 13,000 and 14,000 had come. Then 
this "massen-auswanderung der Pfalzer," as Kapp 
calls it, gradually drew to a close. 

This sudden irruption of so many thousands of 
foreigners within a few months, into a country where 
but few of them had ever appeared before, and where 
they were utter strangers, rather than into neighbor- 
ing countries of like faith and kindred language, 
that would perhaps have been more ready to welcome 
them, stands forth as one of the most remarkable 
facts of the time. It was found that these people' 
were Germans from the country lying between 
Landau, Spire and Mannheim, reaching almost to 
Cologne, commonly called the Palatinate. There 
were, however, many from other parts of Germany, 
principally from Swabia and Wurtemberg. 

About the manner of their coming we learn more 

C lector zLalaliniis' , 

Inquiry into their Coming. 267 

from a report made to the House of Commons in 
171 1, than from any other source. By that report 
we are told that in the spring of 1709 great num- 
bers of these people came down the Rhine and did 
not pause until they reached Rotterdam, in Holland. 
They were even then miserably poor, and were main- 
tained while in that city by the charity of the 
people. Their destination, however, was England, 
iDUt for lack of the necessary shipping and want of 
other means, they were detained in Rotterdam. The 
English ministry consented to provide the necessary 
transportation and receive 5000 of their number.^" 
Transports and other vessels were accordingly pro- 

" Cassell's History of England. Text by William Howitt. 

I am indebted to the courtesy of Julius F. Sachse, Esq., for 
the portrait of the Elector Palatine, John William, of the House of 
Newburg, which is here presented. I lurther avail myself of this oppor- 
tunity to acknowledge my indebtedness to the same gentleman for other 
assistance both in the text and illustrations that accompany this article. 
His wide acquaintance with the pictorial as well as the written history 
of this period, freely placed at my service, has been of much value to 
me, and I would be doing an injustice to myself as well as to him, did 
I not make the fullest acknowledgement of his valuable advice and 

I regret that I have been unable to supply a biography of this ruler. All I 
have been able to learn about him has been supplied by Protestant 
sources, and this, of course, has not been of a favorable character. In 
two lengthy letters written at that time by "A Nobleman," which I 
found among the papers of the late I. D. Rupp, and addressed to the 
English people, a long list of accusations are brought against him. 
The charges are mainly that he had failed to comply with the solemn 
treaty stipulations he had entered into with his Protestant subjects. 
There are no accusations of persecutions, but there were other means of 
manifesting his preference for his Catholic subjects. Probably he was 
neither better nor worse than the average petty ruler of his day. 

26S The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

vided by the Englisli Government at the charge of 
the crown. 

In one of his official communications to Mr. Secre- 
tary Boyle, Mr. Dayrolles, the English Minister at 
the Hague, informed that person that these immi- 
grants were persuaded to go to England by some one 
in the latter country, and that even after the coming 
of any more had been prohibited, "a gentleman with 
a servant who had come over in a packet boat, had 
on August 20, 1709, gone to Briihl, a town near 
Cologne, where large numbers of Palatines were 
staying, and distributed money among them. Printed 
tickets were also sent to their friends in Germany to 
persuade them to do the same." Minister Dayrolles 
said he could never learn who this mysterious person 
was, much as he tried to do so. The Committee 
investigating the matter in England could do no 
more, but they did find from two letters, that 
one Henry Torne, a Quaker at Rotterdam, who 
had been acting under Minister Dayrolles, had 
forced a great number to embark for England after 
they had been provided for to return to their own 

I am strongly inclined to believe from the fore- 
going, that the Land Companies did not confine their 
efforts to secure immigration to the dissemination of 
booklets and other literature having that end in 

" It has been suggested to me that this "unknown" may have been 
Benjamin Furly, an Enghsh Quaker, the hfe long friend of WiUiam' 
Penn, and the promotor of the first German emigration to Pennsylvania. 
He was born in 1636 and died in 1714. 

Forwarded at the Queen'' s Expense. 269 

view, but tliat they were also operating tHrough agents 
to persuade these people to cross the ocean and settle 
upon the rich and virgin lands beyond the ocean. 
Lord Sunderland, on May 3, 1709, said the Queen 
was convinced this immigration would greatly 
benefit her kingdom if some means could be found 
to settle them comfortable in England, instead of 
sending them to the West Indies. If, after all, the 
English ministry was covertly at work and instigat- 
ing this exodus, they operated so secretly that their 
fine hand was never discovered. 

In June the number sent over had reached more 
than ten thousand, and the Queen's Government be- 
gan to be alarmed as there was no cessation, ap- 
parently, in the number clamoring to come. Secre- 
tary Boyle accordingly sent orders to her Majesty's 
Minister at the Hague, to prevent any further ship- 
ments until those who were already in England, 
should have been disposed of. To further make this 
fact known throughout Holland and the Palatinate, 
advertisements were published in the Dutch Gazettes, 
that no more would be carried to England. Either 
the pressure brought to bear on Minister Dayrolles 
was too strong, or his kind heart was unable to bear 
up under the impassionate beseechings of these 
friendless wanderers, so that disregarding his in- 
structions, he sent over nearly three thousand more 
at Queen Anne's expense, while still others were 
forwarded by the charitable citizens of Rotterdam, 
and supplied by them with food, inasmuch as the 
magistrates of that place no longer permitted the im- 

270 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

migrants even to enter the city, which of course 
served only to intensify their want, their sufferings 
and their general misery. 

But neither the declarations of the English gov- 
ernment, nor the indignation of the then Elector 
Palatine, John William, of the house of Newburg, 
who was loath to see his subjects leave him, seems 
to have deterred still others from making an effort to 
get across the North Sea. Oft repeated orders con- 
tinued to be sent to the English Minister to prevent 
or check this exodus. Even Holland itself was ap- 
pealed to, to issue similar notices, but it would seem 
nothing was able to stay this wholesale emigration 
until it had run its course, and the large number I 
have already mentioned had landed on the English 
shores. But even then it did not entirely cease. 
This is shown by a Proclamation or circular issued 
by the English government as late as the last day of 
December, 1709, in which further emigration is 
alluded to, and all persons are absolutely prohibited 
from coming over from Holland under pain of being 
immediately sent back to Germany. A fac-simile of 
this curious Proclamation is herewith given, ^^^ 

The archives of the city of Rotterdam afford us an 
excellent insight into the continental side of this- 
emigration. From the records of a meeting of the 
Burgomasters of that city, held on April 2 2d, 1709, 
we learn it was resolved to pay to Engel Kon and 
Samuel de Back, four hundred and fifty guilders to 
be distributed among destitute families of the Lower 
Palatinate, for their subsistence on their journey to 


Royal Proda?nation. 271 

(<tn5 Derfc^icfr€Dccl3rarion,0t>CC 

fedmmer/ einegrcfie2ln> 
aa^l firmer ileutl)e/.v0n 

^,^^ ii£rtgeU<ttt&4rtgetommett/ 

tn4}ej|^e Utttcrb^tltcrt / »nt> nad? unt> 

ttctd^crt armer iUutl}& |cit5l>er mebr 4tt^ 

ti^t- gcgcbctt / t><t|! Ocrg|e^d^e?i feiite 
meb^P^fji'^^C/ tu'elwenigcr uitterb^ltcrtj 
tic icnige 4u<;b/ twelcfee f^ie^er ?>em erfleit. 
a)<;cob&r le^^ttt 4llJ>ter m%t\m%tt^ 

»ifr^ctt I^Uetl. 2II0 WJrb ^ierl)wrc^4Ue?f 
^^njenigett/ wdd^e nod? intsnmmxtSi^^f 
'^rti^cro 3» 1?ommcft / ^ar rti^cbricfet wtf^ 

fttWtn f'XO^\<kit 0cwj]5licb frucferf ^f) f^U 

lert Wirt)/ ee j^'>ue><;nii / da^ji'e x^n^tXo* 

fjc« bemittelt: jin^ (id? 5« tim^rti^jU 

tern jD^tum ilon?>w Pe«5i. 2?e» 

Royal Proclamation Distributed in Germany to Discourage Further 
Emigration to England. 

272 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

England, and a warrant was ordered for that amount. 
Seven days afterwards, at another meeting of the 
town council it was ordered that a warrant should be 
drawn to pay Peter Toomen three hundred guilders 
to be distributed among those destitute Germans who 
came subsequently to those to whom money had al- 
ready been paid/~ 

But the city of Rotterdam grew tired of spending 
so much money on these flying columns of Palatines, 
from whom it could expect no benefit. Accordingly 
on the 1 2th of August, 1709, the Burgomasters of 
the city had eight circulars prepared and distributed, 
in which public notice M^as given that the Queen of 
Great Britain having ordered that no more of these 
people should be sent over to England, until those 
already there had in some way been disposed of, two 
commissioners, Hendrick Toom a ad Jon van Gent, 
who, having out of charity taken order by direction of 

"* The following is a translation of the Royal English Declaration or 
Proclamation (p. 271) transmitted to Germany : "Inasmuch as during the 
summer just past a large number of poor people arrived here in Eng- 
land, from different parts of Germany, who have hitherto been supported 
by Her Royal Majesty, and have gradually been sent to the West 
Indies, and afterwards to Ireland : and where as more such poor people 
have come hither since, notice has consequently been sent to Holland 
and elsewhere that none such would be passed much less supported, and 
that those also, who have arrived here since the first of last October 
were to be sent back to Germany via Holland at the first opportunity. 
All such as intend to come hither are therefore notified to desist from 
their voyage which would assuredly result in failure unless it be that 
they have means of their own with which to support themselves. 
Dated, London, the 31st of December, 1709." 

1^ See Appendix "A" for lull detail, quoted from the minutes of the 
proceedings of the City Council of Rotterdam. 

Holland Cares for Herself . 273 

her Majesty to provide transportation and otHer 
necessities for these people, should also be instrncted 
to notify all persons who might yet intend to come 
from Germany, to remain away and prevent them 
making a fruitless journey. 

The two agents just named were instructed to put 
two yachts on the rivers Waal and Maas and cruise 
on those streams in order to turn back any emi- 
grants who might be coming down on their way to 
Rotterdam and England. It was stated that they 
had already stopped one thousand and turned them 
back. The council on August 24, allowed them 
three hundred and fifty guilders for their services. 
The Burgomasters of the city of Brielle, a fortified 
town in South Holland, also adopted a scheme to shift 
the burden of supporting some of these people from 
their own shoulders. They wrote a letter to the 
Rotterdam authorities stating many Germans were 
there on their way to Rotterdam in a starving con- 
dition, and asked assistance to help support them, 
they being unable to do so by themselves. In a long 
and very polite letter dated on the 26th of August, 
the Rotterdammers replied, and went into the details 
of what they had already done for those who had 
come among them, and how they had at great ex- 
pense adopted precautions to prevent the arrival of 
any more. They told the Brielle people that but for 
these precautions, the general situation would be 
still worse. 

On September i6th, 1709, the Burgomasters of 
Rotterdam again met in council, and a letter from 

274 ^^^^ Pennsylvania-Germa7t Society. 

the Euglish Minister Dayrolles was read, in whicli 
lie requested that the city should order that no more 
Germans should be sent or allowed to go to England. 
The wily Hollanders in reply made answer that 
"they could not prevent those families of the Pala- 
tines who were already in this country in order to go 
to England, from being taken thither, but that the 
Minister at Cologne and Frankfurt should be ordered 
to warn the people over there not to come this way 
for that purpose," and that is all the satisfaction 
Minister Dayrolles got. Finally, the city of Rotter- 
dam prohibited all these emigrants from coming into 
that place. 

It does not appear from any of the records that 
the Holland Government itself made any appropria- 
tions for the maintenance of these people while in 
that country, but left that duty upon the shoulders 
of the several municipalities themselves and to the 
charity of the people at large. No doubt it proved 
as grievous a burden there, as it did in England 
when they reached that country. From all the evi- 
dence, it appears that the English government was in 
every case compelled to pay the cost of transporta- 
tion from Holland to London. 

Most opportunely, through the liberality of the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society, new and original 
records have been thrown open to our inspection and 
use, in a copy of the original Board of Trade Jour- 
nals which that Society has had made, and in which 
are recorded the " Proceedings of her Majesty's Com- 
missioners for promoting the trade of this Kingdom 

Action of the Board of Trade. 


and for inspecting and improving her Plantations in 
America and elsewhere." The notice of the Com- 
missioners was first called to this question by a letter 
from the Karl of Sunderland, on May 4, 1709, who 
was Secretary of State at the time, who stated that 
some hundreds of poor German Protestants had 
lately arrived, that more were coming, and asking 
the Board to consider the best means of settling them 
in some part of the kingdom. 

In all, I find that the Board met about twenty 
times to consider the various phases presented by 
the German exodus. All the action that was taken 
by the Government seems to have been inspired by 
the discussions and investigations of the Commis- 
sioners. The task before the Commissioners was a 
troublesome one and took up much of their time 
during the summer of 1709.^^^ 

^-a See Appendix B. 



O remarkable was this 
Palatine emigration that 
historians have endeavored to 
discover some great moving 
cause, some all powerful im- 
pulse to which they might 
ascribe it. They have not 
found it for it did not exist. 
After going over the ground carefully, however, I 
have had no difficulty in reaching very convincing 
and satisfactory conclusions. 

No single cause was responsible for this wonderful 
exodus of a people from their firesides, who, perhaps, 
beyond all others, are most strongly attached to home 

Royal Arms of Holland. 

A Period of Unrest. 277 

and country. There was probably since the fall of 
the Roman Empire, no period of greater unrest in 
Europe than the closing years of the seventeenth 
and the opening years of the eighteenth century. 
The ceaseless disturber of the world's peace, the arch 
plotter of Europe was still alive, and although past 
seventy years of age, Louis XIV continued to keep 
almost every country within his reach, embroiled in 
foreign or domestic strife. For forty years he had 
been almost continuously at war with foreign powers. 
The war of the Spanish succession was now on. Spain, 
Italy, Germany and the Netherlands echoed to the 
tramp of desolating armies. Peter the Great and his 
allies, the kings of Denmark and Poland, were 
struggling with Charles XII of Sweden, and the con- 
test convulsed the North and East of Europe for 
more than twenty years. 

Germany had for many years been the battle field 
of Europe. The soldiers of almost every nation had 
in turn trampled on her soil and despoiled her people. 
The Palatinate, bordering both on France and Ger- 
many had been the provinces most subject to in- 
vasion and spoliation. Surely, this dreadful condi- 
tion of things was in itself enough to induce these 
miserable people to forsake the land of their birth by 


So far as I have been able to learn there were at 
this time no direct religious persecutions ; the testi- 
mony on this point is concurrent and conclusive. But 

'278 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

there were men still living wlio remembered the 
days of old ; whose friends and relatives had passed 
through the tortnres of the stake and the fagot, and 
who would carry those memories to their dying day. 
There are extant two long letters/^ written in 1698, in 
which the religious condition of the Protestant 
Palatines is fully described. They give in detail the 
broken promises and petty persecutions of the Elec- 
tor. How the treaty of Munster was shamelessly 
ignored. We know that religious motives sent the 
Puritans and the Quakers to the New World, and 
this had also much to do in setting on foot the 
Teutonic emigration that turned towards Pennsyl- 
vania. By the treaty of Westphalia, only three con- 
fessions were tolerated in Germany : the Catholic, 
Reformed and Lutheran. The " sect " people passed 
tinder the yoke.^^ It was that which sent the Men- 
nonites, the Schwenckfelders and the Mystics of 
Kphrata and the Wissahicon to Pennsylvania. This 
fact crops out on every page of their history. When- 
ever contemporary authorities deal with this German 
exodus, the religious aspect of the case is invariably 
introduced and frequently is the only one alluded to. 
We must not forget, however, that whether the emi- 
grants left the Fatherland in larger or smaller num- 
bers, there were nearly always some Catholics among 
them. In the great migration under consideration 

^^ "A true account of the sad conditicn of the Protestants in the Pal- 
atinate, in 169S, in two letters to an English gentleman." These letters 
were originally printed in London in 1699, by Richard Parker. 

" Seidensticker. 


The Question of Perseaition. 279 

tlie Catholics were quite numerous. Many of these 
who refused to embrace the Protestant religion, were 
sent back to the Palatinate where the ruling 
house, as well as the ruling prince, as has already 
been said, were both Catholic. While, therefore, 
the questions of persecution and religious motives 
are to be considered, they were by no means the 
only, not even the principal ones. It is true that 
in a memorial which was issued in their behalf in 
London, there are allusions to persecutions, bvit these 
occurred full twenty years before. 

The Elector, John William, seems to have been 
stung by the oft-repeated charge of having perse- 
cuted his Protestant subject, and in consequence, the 
Protestant Consistory of the Palatinate, by his 
direction, issued and spread throughout Britain, 
Holland and Germany, the following declaration : 

"Good Queen Anne," as her own and succeeding generations have 
dehghted to call her. Queen of Great Britain and the last sovereign of 
the House of Stuart, was born on Feb. 6th, 1665. She was the daughter 
of the Duke of York, afterwards James II of England, and VII of 
Scotland. Although her father embraced the Catholic religion, Anne, 
who had been educated in the Protestant faith, always retained an 
ardent affection for it. She married Prince George of Denmark in 1683, 
an indolent but good natured sort of a man. On the death of William III, 
she succeeded to the crown. During the earlier viart of her reign, she was 
largely under the influence of the Duke of Marlborough and his schem- 
ing" wife, and this was manifested in much of her public career. Party 
strife ran high and political combinations made her reigu a turbulent 
one. The successes of that great Captain, the Duke of Marlborough> 
made her reign a continual scene of public glory. The Union of Scot- 
land with the British crown was consummated while she occupied the 
throne. So many eminent men in literature and science flourished at 
this time, that her's has been called the Augustan age of Britain. 

28o The Pemtsylvama-German Society. 

.ATranJIationfrom the High-Butch, of a Vcchration 
imde' (by DheWion from theE{ed.OT Palatine) by 
, the Prctejlajit Cmjifiory ht the Palatinate. 

" "\X7"Hereas it has been figni fy'd to the Re- 

*<■ feveralof the Families, who are gone dov/n thtj 
'^ Rhine, to proceed to Pcvjilvav.hi^ to rettle'thcin- 
" fdves 'there, commonly pretend the/ are ob- 
" lig'dto retire thither for the Sake ot Religion, 
*'and the Perfecution which they rulter upon that 
*' Account; and finceit is not known to any of 
*' tjie Conhftory, that thofe vvitli-drawn Subjects 
" have coniplain'd , that they fuffer'd at that 
." Time any- Perfccuiion on Account of Religi- 
"on, or that they were forc'd to quit tli-ir 
**Ccnntry for want, of Liberty ot Corifcience, con- 
^' trai y to his Eledoral Higbnefs's gracious Decla- 
" iion of thesiftof AWa'j/'c'r, 170J. therefore, as 
" foon as th^ Co'nfillory underftood tbat a Num- 
" ber of Subjedls were.gone out Abroad to the faid 
" Pevjilvama, nn.d that more were like to follow, 
" they thought it necefTary to acquaint all the 
" reformed .InlpeSors and Minifters with it, to 
" undeceive their Auditors, as alfo thefe with- 
" drawn Peeple, and that tliey are not like to gain 
*' their End in all Probability, and to perfv^^ade 
*'^them againft their, withdrawing any farther' ^ 
*' as alfo to the Intent to fliew the groundlefs Pre- 
" tences of- fuch Peeple to go out of the Country 
*:^ en Account of the faid Religious Perfecution. 
" Which we do atteft hereby in favour of Truth. 
" Done at Heidlebwg the 27th of ju7it\ 1 -jc). 

"f" L. 5". The Vice- Prefident and Council of the 

" tonfiftory conltituted iii the Eleftoral Palatinate. 

" V. p. Howmiillcr, T. He.\h^ H. Crordt., J. CloUer. 

Z. Kirchmcjer. Scheynal. 

The Edict of Nantes. 281 

If it were possible to ascertain with fullness and 
certainty, the extent to which Queen Anne and her 
government were responsible for this movement, I am 
fully satisfied we had about reached the true solution. 
England retained a lively remembrance of the re- 
sults that followed the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes. That unwise act sent 700,000 of France's 
best citizens to Germany, Switzerland, Holland and 
Britain. They were largely handicraftsmen and car- 
ried their various manufacturing industries, their 
skill and their industry with them, giving thereby a 
wonderful impulse to industrial trades wherever they 
went. The long and costly wars England had car- 
ried on, took away many of her people and this was 
felt to be a most serious drawback to national pros- 
perity. It was desirable to replace them with the 
unsatisfied people of Germany, who were known to 
be skillful in many trades, as well as reliable and 


I have found a number of references to a procla- 
mation by the Queen, said to favor, if not actually 
invite, these people to come to England.^"''' A careful 

Queen Anne was too much swayed by her muiisters and favorites to 
be called a great Queen, but as a woman she deserves our admiration. 
She was a sincere friend of the Palatines, doing everything in her 
power to improve their condition while in England, and to settle them 
comfortably elsewhere. She was of medium size, comely, but not beauti- 
ful. If she was not great as a queen, never was there a more virtuous, 
affectionate and conscientious a woman or one more worthy of esteem. 
Our portrait is a reproduction from the famous one of Sir Godfrey 

"» ' On a proclamation of Queen Anne, of England, 1708, some three 

282 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

examination of all the authorities that were accessi- 
ble to me, shows no evidence sustaining • this allega- 
tion. There is no reason to suspect her of even hav- 
ing authorized the famous "Golden Book," so largely 
circulated in Germany, containing a portrait of her- 
self, with the title printed in gold. That she was 
throughout these trying times the sincere friend of 
these immigrants, there is no room to doubt. We 
are told in Luttrell's diary that in response to a let- 
ter from the King of Prussia, she declared she had 
already given her ministers abroad, instructions to 
aid the French Protestants and would further aid 
them as far as lay in her power. The fact is that 
her treatment of them while in England was every- 
thing that could reasonably be expected of her, 
and that she even sent assistance to those in Holland, 
clearly shows that the earnest sympathies of the 
warm hearted Queen were thoroughly aroused in the 
cause of these homeless wanderers. If any proclama- 
tion had been issued by her, it would surely be in 

or four thousand Germans went in 1709, to Holland, and were thence 
transported to England." Rupp's Hist. Lancaster county, p. 182. 

Loehr says : Da verzweifelten viele am Leben, und als die Ehiladung 
der englischen K'dnigin Anna, eine freie Uberfahrt nach Amerika, und 
gutes Land umsonst zu gewinnen, den Rhein entlang verkundigt wurde, 
brach man in Masse auf, und es begab sich jeuer Zug der mehr als 
dreiszig tausand Deutchen, welcher ein Denkmal ist des deutchen 
Elends." Die Deutchen in Amerika, p. 42. 

Rupp evidently followed Liiehr blindly as others have done since. If 
these writers have any evidence of what they assert why have they not 
produced it, or indicated chapter and verse where it may be found ? I 
reiterate therefore that I am fully persuaded the story is a mere figment 
of the imagination, having its origin in the Queen's well-known 
kindly attitude towards these people. 

I>ravm lay J. rtiurston. 


Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain tVotn 1702 
until 1710. 

Not Invited by England. 283 

evidence somewhere. But even the inquiry insti- 
gated by the House of Commons as to the causes of 
this influx of Palatines, and undertaken by an oppo- 
site administration, failed to reveal anything of the 
kind. Surely if there had been such a thing, it 
would have been discovered. I am fully satisfied 
therefore, that no such document was ever issued, 
either by the Government or by the Queen. It was 
simply one way of accounting for a perplexing con- 
dition of things. ^^'^ 


I am inclined to believe that a most potent cause 
in bringing about this remarkable migration was the 
cold winter of 1708-9. All the contemporary author- 

"•^ The Ministry at this period was Whig. Charles Spencer, Earl of 
Sunderland was Secretary of State, from 1706 until 1710 ; and Sidney, 
Earl of Godolphin, was Lord High Treasurer, from 1702 until 1710. In 
the latter year, however, there was a change in the political complexion 
of the country. The Tories came into power, with Henry St. John, 
Viscount Bolingbroke, as Foreign Secretary, and Robert Harley, Earl 
of Oxford, as Chancellor of the Exchequer. The German immigration 
having been most distasteful to the majority of the English people, 
especially the lower classes, the new Ministry at once proceeded to make 
itseli popular by beginning an inquiry into the causes of the coming of so 
many thousands of these people. A parliamentary committee consisting 
of sixty-nine members of the House was appointed to make a searching 
investigation "upon what invitation or encouragement the Palatines 
came over and what moneys were expended in bringing them into 
Great Britain, and for maintaining them here, and by whom paid," 
but nothing was discovered incriminating the former administration, or 
connecting the Queen with the movement except in a way to do her ex- 
ceeding honor. ■ This investigation was a fortunate thing, inasmuch 
as it has made us acquainted with much concerning this movement 
which otherwise might never have been disclosed. 

284 The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

ities are agreed as to its unexampled severity. It 
was general throughout Western Europe, but 
especially was it felt among the starving citizens of 
the Palatinate, whose lands and homes had so long 
and so often been despoiled by persecutions and wars. 
The pen almost refuses to do its task when asked to 
tell of the hundreds of strong men who, during that 
memorable winter, lay down to die of cold and hunger 
in the once fruitful valley of the Rhine. So intense 
was the cold that even the wild animals of the forest 
and the birds of the air were frozen to death. Wine 
was frozen in the casks and bottles. The vineyards 
were frozen to the ground and the fruit trees com- 
pletely destroyed.^^ 

Tindal refers to the intense frost of that winter. 
He says : "The severity of the winter season was 
very remarkable this year, (170S-9), for it began to 
freeze the night before Christmas Day, with great 
violence, and not long after fell great snows. 
Those who compared the great frost of 16S3-4 
with this, observ^ed that the first was generally a 
bright one, and continued about two months without 
interruption; but the latter mostly dark, with some 
intervals lasted a month longer ; during which many 
cattle, especially sheep, and likewise birds, perished. 
The Thames was frozen over, and on the 3rd of 
January, people began to erect booths and set up 
tents on the ice. This occasioned a thin harvest and 

^" See LiJehr, who says: "Endlich kam der griiszliche Winter von 
1709, hinzu, wo die Vogel in der Luft und das Wild in den Waldern 
erfroren und die Menchen verhungerten. Page 42. 

The Cold Winter of ijo8-g. 285 

this a scarcity of corn. This great frost ^vas general 
in Europe, but most severely felt in France, where in 
most places the fruit trees were killed, and the corn 
frozen to the ground, which occasioned there a dread- 
ful calamity and desolation. "^^ 

Need we wonder, therefore, that these wretched 
people, who had previously undergone so much from 
the invasions of contending armies, were at length 
driven to despair by this terrible visitation of the 
forces of nature ? Where armies were no longer 
able to collect resources, what hope was there for the 
individual citizen? Their heart-rending lamenta- 
tions filled the listening air and existence seemed 
only possible in another clime and under new condi- 
tions. To make matters worse, even in that time of 
dire distress, speculators came to the front, bought 
the grain that frugal farmers had saved and sought 
to make a profit even out of famine. Nor could all 
the efforts on the part of the government check it. 
An eye witness says of the financial situation : "No- 
body could pay any more, because nobody was paid. 
The people of the country in consequence of exactions 
had become insolvent ; commerce dried up and 
brought no returns. Good faith and confidence were 
abolished." Chaos, ruin and universal suffering 

I come now to what, after all, maj^ be ascribed the 
principal cause leading up to this extraordinary 

^^ Tindal's History of England, Book xxvi. See also James' History 
of Louis XIV. 

286 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

movement. William Penn liad made two visits to 
Germany, one in 1671 and the second in 1677. At 
tliat time lie liad not yet acquired the Province that 
was to make his name so memorable. But he be- 
came well known through the peculiar religious 
tenets he advocated and attempted to spread. Later, 
when the owner of Pennsylvania, he spared no efforts 
to attract colonists from Germany. Not only did he 
write full descriptions of the Province where lands 
were almost given away, but political and religious 
toleration was proclaimed as the very corner stone of 
his new government. Many of these attractively 
written brochures are still extant to show us how 
great were the efforts to arouse the spirit of emigra- 

Then, too, the spirit of speculation stepped in and 
did much to forward the project. One company 
after another was formed to arouse and encourage 
the migrating impulse. The West India Company, 
The Frankford Company and many more were 
engaged in this work. Seidensticker tells us that 
the latter company is directly attributable to Penn. 
He also asserts that Penn gave the first impulse to 
this German exodus. ^^ Bancroft bears testimony to 
the same effect.^^ The climate, resources and general 
advantages of Penn's Province were well known all 
over Germany. 

It is true that more than a generation had passed 

" Der anstosz zur deutchen Auswanderung im eigentlichen Sinne ging 
von William Penn aus. Bilder, p. 4. 

Oldmixoji^s British A7nerica. 








Title Page of German Edition of Oldmixon's British 

288 The Pc7insylvania-German Society. 

by since the gentle Quaker's, visit to tiie Rhine pro- 
vinces, and many of those who had met him face to 
face were no longer among the living. But there were 
still some there who had seen and heard him. A new 
series of publications also began to appear about the 
year 1700, and these were widely distributed all over 
Germany and the Low Countries. Once more the 
tales of a land flowing with milk and honey were 
told ; a land where the climate was more temperate 
than in Germany ; where the conditions of life were 
most desirable ; where all creeds were tolerated ; 
where kings and priestcraft were unknown ; where 
universal freedom prevailed ; where strife never 
came ; where not only ease and comfort but certain 
wealth awaited the industrious settlers : — this and 
much more was heard around every fireside and fell 
like the voice of enchantment upon the ears of the 
harried and starving Palatines. There was also an 
old German prophecy to the effect that in America 
they would prosper and be happy .^^ With all these 
things continually pressed upon their attention, and 
with the grim spectre of spoliations, hardships, in- 
tolerance and want rising gloomily out of the past, 
need we seek further, need we even wonder, that 

^^ "Meanwhile the news spread abroad that William Penn, the 
Quaker, had opened 'an asylum to the good and the oppressed ot every 
nation,' and humanity went through Europe, gathering the children of 
misfortune. From England and Wales, from Scotland and Ireland and 
the Low Countries emigrants crowded to the land of promise." 

Bancroft's United States, vol. 2, p. 391. 

^' E. K. Martin. The Mennonites. 

Passage of Naturalizatio7i Act. 289 

entire communities uprose as one man, shook the 
dust of the Fatherland from their feet — that Father- 
land so dear to the German heart — and with little or 
no preparation, took flight for a land where their 
lives should thereafter be passed in plenty and in 
peace ? 

Another cause and by no means an unimportant 
one must also be mentioned. The colonists who had 
come to Pennsylvania prior to 1709, were, with very 
few exceptions, satisfied with the condition of things 
as they found them. The Germantown colony itself 
was in the land business, and therefore interested in 
bringing over as many colonists as possible. Selfish 
motives may have moved the people of Germantown 
equally with their desire to benefit their countrymen, 
but whatever the motive, it turned the expectant 
eyes and the waiting footsteps towards the New 

britain'vS naturalization act. 

Still another cause remains to be mentioned. For 
twenty years the passage of a general naturalization 
law for Protestant foreigners coming into, or residing 
in the Kingdom, conditioned on their taking the 
oaths and communing in the English church, had 
been discussed in the newspapers and by pamphlet- 
eers. Up to this time Holland had drawn to herself 
most of the German Protestants who had emigrated 
from Catholic states, enriching that country by their 
industries and their thrift. Englishmen were 
anxious to turn at least a portion of these people 

290 The Pennsylvama-German Society. 

across the channel. This eventually led to the pas- 
sage of the naturalization law.^*^ Luttrell thought 
this matter so important that he gave it close atten- 
tion in his diary as the following will show : 

Saturday, Feb. 5, 1709. The Commons this day 
gave leave to bring in a bill for naturalizing all 
foreign protestants. 

Thursday, Feb. 24. This day a second time the 
bill for naturalizing foreign protestants, and com- 
mitted it for Monday. 

Tuesday, i March. Yesterday the Commons in a 
Committee, went through the bill for naturalizing 
foreign protestants, and to be repeated to-morrow. 

Thursday, 3 March. The Commons ordered the 
bill for naturalizing foreign protestants to be engrost. 

Thursday, March 24. Yesterday the Lords Com- 
missioners appointed by her Majesty, sent for the 
Commons to come up to the House of Peers, and 
gave the royal assent to the bill for naturalizing pro- 

Saturday, 14 May. A great many poor German 
and French protestants have taken the oaths this 

'^° An extract from the oath which these naturalized foreigners were 
compelled to take, is here given : 

Ich, A. B. schwere, dass ich von ganzem Herzen verabscheue und 
abschwere, als gottlos und ketzerisch, die verdammte Lehre und Satz, 
dass Fiirsten, welche der PAPST, oder der Romiache Stunl, hat in 
Bann gethan, konnen von ihren Unterthanen, oder sonst jemanden, abge- 
setzt und ermordet werden. Und ich bekenne, da«s kein ausliindischer 
Fiirst, Person, Pralat, Stand order Potentat habe, oder soil haben, 
einige Jurisdiction, Gewalt, Oberherrschaft, Vorzug, oder Autoriljit in 
Geistlichen und Kirchen-Sachen in diesem Konigreich. So helfe mir 

Secretary of State of Great Britain from 1706 
until 1710. 

Immigration Attributed to the Act. 291 

week at the Queen's Bencli Court, in order to their 
naturalization by the late act.^^ 

While the act was passed about the time the first 
emigrants began to arrive, and would therefore not 
seem to have been an inducing cause, yet the con- 
current testimony of a number of authorities on this 
point seems nevertheless to give color to this fact. 

One authority say : "In consequence of the natural- 
ization act, there came over in May, 7000 of the poor 
Palatines and Swabians, who had been utterly ruined 
and driven from their habitations by the French.^^ 
Dick Steele, when the immigration had set in, said 
in the Tatlcr : " Our late act of naturalization hath 
had so great effect in foreign parts, that seme princes 
have prohibited the French refugees in their domin- 
ions to sell or transfer their estates to any other of 
their subjects ; and at the same time have granted 
them greater immunities than they hitherto enjoyed. 
It has been also thought necessary to restrain their 
own subjects from leaving their country on pain of 
death. ~^ The latter clause no doubt refers to the 
Elector Palatine himself, as Luttrell under date of 
April 28, says : " Foreign letters advise that the 
Elector Palatine, upon many families leaving his 
dominions and gone to England to be transported to 
Pennsylvania, has published an order making it 
death and confiscation of goods, for any of his sub- 

2«a A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs from Sept. 1678 to April, 
1714. By Narcissus Luttrell, Oxford, 1S57. 6 vols. 
^^ Anderson's History of England. 
" Tatler, No. 13, May, 1709. 

292 The Pennsylvania-Ge7'-nia7i Society. 

jects to quit fheir native countries."-^ It must be con- 
fessed, that cause and effect in this case seem to fol- 
low each other very closely, but no doubt it was well 
known that the law would be passed and men made 
ready in anticipation. Holland, too, seems to have 
thought the act had something to do with the great 
outgoing of the people, as on the 24th of June, just 
three months after the English law was promulgated, 
the States General issued a proclamation, offering to 
naturalize all the refugees from France and other 
countries who had sought a domicile in Holland, and 
confer on them and all other worthy persons who 
might hereafter come, all the privileges of citizen- 

While various accounts, among them those set 
forth by the Palatines themselves after they arrived 
in Englaud, give various reasons for this extraordi- 
nary movement, yet through them all runs one long, 
unvarying refrain — the hope of bettering themselves, 
of securing religious toleration and domestic tran- 
quillity. I say again, therefore, as I have already 
said, that no one reason or cause was responsible for 
this remarkable movement, but that it was the result 
of a combination of causes, which had long been at 
work, and which at length made themselves seen 
and felt in the manner here set forth. 

*^ Lultrell's Diary. 
^^* See Appendix D. 



^^^ E now come to the 
''^ long stay of these 
Palatines in London and 
the surrounding coun- 
try, a stay that was not 
more agreeable to them 
than it was unwelcome 
to the English. Never 
before, perhaps, were 
emigrants seeking new 
homes in a distant land, 
so poorly provided with 
money and the other necessaries of life to support 
them on their way, as were these Palatines. All 
contemporary accounts agree on this point and there 
is besides abundant evidence to sustain them. 

Ships had to be provided by the English govem- 

Arms of Penn. 

294 '^^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

ment to bring them from Rotterdam. From tHe day 
of their arrival in London they required the assist- 
ance of the English to keep them from starving. 
There was little or no work ; bread was dear, and the 
only thing to do was to bridge the crisis by raising 
money by public subscriptions. On June 7, 1709, the 
Justices of the Peace for the county of Middlesex, 
sent a petition to the Queen, asking for authority to 
take up collections in their behalf in all the churches, 
as well as from the public generally, throughout the 
county. The Queen not only granted the desired 
authority, but on June 16, in Council, she being 
present, orders were prepared and a Brief was issued 
at once. This Brief was soon thereafter made to ex- 
tend to the entire kingdom, including Scotland and 
Wales, the need having grown from day to day, and 
the charge on the crown having become a burden. In 
this paper recital was made of the many hardships 
these people had suffered in their own country during 
the previous years, and it was ordered that collections 
should be lifted in all the churches, and that the 
curates and wardens should proceed from house to 
house, asking for contributions which were to be dis- 
tributed among the needy Palatines through a Royal 
Commission, which included the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, the Lord High Chancellor, the Dukes of 
Devonshire, Newcastle, Somerset, Ormond, Bedford, 
and Buckingham, besides many of the most eminent 
persons among the gentry.^* 

The well known Bishop Burnet, who throughout 
these troublesome times was the staunch friend of 

War Subsidies Paid by Britain. 295 

the Palatines, at the same time sent ont a circnlar 
letter to the clergy of his diocese, asking their earn- 
est efforts to stir up the people to be liberal in this 
charity. The result of these efforts was that the 
large sum of ;^i9,838.ii was collected and distrib- 
uted to relieve their necessities. Considering the 
difference in the value of money between that period 
and the present time, it must be admitted the 
Englishmen were liberal, especially when we remem- 
ber how long wars, and the payment of subsidies to 
other nations, absorbed the money of the English 
nation. At that very hour, the King of Denmark, 
the King of Portugal, the Duke of Savoy, the King 
of Prussia, the Landgrave of Hesse Cassel, the Elec- 
tor of Treves and the Elector Palatine were all 
heavily subsidized by the English Government, on 
account of the war then carried on. 

But while food was thus provided, shelter was also 
needed. The Queen directed that a thousand tents 
be taken out of the Tower of London for their use. 
But of course these were far from sufEicient, and for 
a time even no suitable place to pitch them could be 
found. Eventually, part were set up on Blackheath,^ 

■" In Appendix C will be found the full text of the petition sent to the 
Queen by the Justices of the Pence for the county of Middlesex, as well 
as the "Brief" issued by the Queen in response to the same. A tull 
list of the persons who were appointed to superintend these collections 
is also appended as a matter of historic interest. One hundred persons 
were engaged in the work. 

2» Blackheath was a large, elevated, open common in the county of 
Kent, seven miles south-east of London. Once it was of considerable 
size but it has been encroached upon to such an extent that at present it 

296 The Pennsylvania-Ger7nan Society. 

on tlie south side of the Thames, near Greenwich, 
and the rest at Cambervvell.-^ Some found lodgings 
in private houses ; others were permitted to occupy 
barns until harvest time, when, of course they would 
be required to house the crops. Sir Charles Cox 
gave up his large warehouse, although desired by the 
parish officers not to do so, for fear of the expense 
and of probable infection. He offered it for two 

comprises only about 70 acres. For several hundred years it has been a 
favorite holiday resort of the citizens ot London. The inimitable diarist 
Samuel Pepys, speaks of having gone there in 1665 to test a carriage 
fitted with springs, a new invention, it would seem. This high-lying 
spot was also a favorite military camping ground. John Evelyn says, 
under date of June 10, 1673, 'we went, after dinner, to see the formal 
and formidable camp on Blackheath, raised to invade Holland ; or, as 
others suspected, for another design." In 1683 he visited the same spot 
to see "the new lair," it pretended to be for the sale of cattle he tells us, 
but adds, "There appeared nothing but an innumerable assembly of 
people from London, peddlers, &c." Again in 1685 he was there to see 
six Scotch and English regiments encamped there, about to return to 
Holland : "The King and Queen came to see them exercise." The 
last visit he records was made on July 20, 1690, on which day, "a camp 
of about 4,000 men was begun to be formed on Blackheath." 

Blackheath is also noted for being the scene of some of the most im- 
portant occurrences in the English history. The peasant revolt under 
Wat Tyler originated there. Jack Cade, the leader of the insurrection of 
1450, when he marched on London with upwards of 15.000 adherents, 
encamped on this historic spot. The revolutionary Cornishmen under 
Lord Audley in 1497 also made it their stopping place. The Danes, at 
the time of their invasion of Britain, in loii, encamped here. To this 
renowned place flocked all London to welcome Henry V. upon his 
return to England after winning the glorious field of Agincourt Here 
also, Charles II, on his way from Dover met the army of the Restoration. 
Blackheath, even so late as the closing years of the eighteenth century 
was a famous resort of highwaymen and some of the most notorious cut- 
purses in England's criminal annals made it the scene of their exploits. 
[See Evelyn's Diary : Chambers Encyclopaedia, etc.] 

*^ Camberwell was, and is a parish and suburb of London, in the 
county of Surry, distant about two miles from St. Paul's Cathedral. 

The Board of Trade Busy. 297 

months without rent, but conditioned that if they 
remained longer he was to be paid for the entire time. 
He was paid 100 guineas to allow them to remain 
until they were sent to Ireland and elsewhere. He 
received that sum on Feb. 9, 17 10. Fourteen hun- 
dred were lodged there. 

Meanwhile the Board of Trade, which had the 
general supervision of the whole business, was not 
idle. The records of this Board, which have been 
rendered accessible during the past few months in 
this country, give ample testimony to the trouble and 
anxiety these people were causing the Government. -^^^ 
It met almost daily in the palace of AVhitehall and 
from the proceedings we get a clear idea of what was 
done to support and establish them.'''' 

'■^*'' See Appendix B. 

" The historian, Macaulay, calls Whitehall "themost celebrated palace 
in which the Eng ish sovereigns have ever dwelt." It once occupied an 
area of great extent, fronting the Thames on the east, St James Park on 
the west and stretching from Scotland Yard on the north to Cannon-rov,- on 
the south. If the walls of this venerable structure could record the say- 
ings and doings they have heard and witnessed, the chronicle would 
almost fill up the mediaeval history of England. From the days 
of the Tudors to those of the Stuarts, the names of the most 
illustrious personages in the history of the empire have been closely 
associated with this famous place 

Its original name was York House, so named by Cardinal Wolsey, 
who once lived in it, but when that proud prelate lost the favor of his 
Sovereign, it was surrendered to the crown, when it received its present 
name. It was the palace of the Kings of England from the reign of 
Henry VIII, to William III. There was at one time a thoroughfare 
through it to St. Margaret's cemetery which offended King Henry VIII, 
so he opened a new burying ground at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. In 
front of the banqueting hall of the palace, on January 30, 1649, was 
enacted one of the darkest scenes in all English history, the execution, 
on the scaffold of Charles I. 

298 The Pen7isylvania-Ger7nan Society. 

i'ifit- : 



German Clergymen Called in. 299 

Several times it was proposed to locate them in 
different parts of the kingdom itself. They called 
to their assistance the Lutheran and Reformed 
clergymen in London, three in number, at the time, 
who it seems were located in the Savoy district,"* and 

In addition to being the Royal residence, Whitehall was also the place 
Avhere all the public officials of the Kingdom had their offices. The 
Treasury, the offices of the Privy Council, of the Secretary of State, 
of the Lords of the Board of Trade, and indeed all the important 
public departments were located here. It was in the rooms of the 
Board of Commissioners for the Colonies that all the discussions con- 
cerning the Palatines were carried on, as will be seen by a reference to 
Appendix B. It is this fact that gives us a direct interest in this famous 
building and has led me to introduce a pictorial illustration of it in this 

On January 4, 1698, a most disastrous fire broke out in the Palace 
lasting all night, and by morning some of the most notable parts of the 
structure had been swept away. Many masterpieces of art and other 
treasures were destroyed. Macaulay devotes several pages in Chap, 
xxiii of his History to this occurrence 

2« The "Savoy" is a well known district in London. The "Savoy 
Palace" was built here by Peter of Savoy in the first part of the XIV 
century. It was the scene of many stirring events in English history. 
It was destroyed by Wat Tyler and his fellow rebels in 1381. Henry VII 
rebuilt it and endowed it as a hospital King Charles I established a 
French church there. Fleetwood describes it in 158 1 as "the chief 
iiurserie of evil people, rogues and masterless men," it having become 
a refuge for poor debtors when fleeing from their creditors. The London 
Postman of 1696 says "a person going into the Savoy to collect a debt 
due him was seized by the inhabitants and according to usual custom, 
dipped in tar and rolled in feathers." In 1661 the Commission appointed 
to revise the Book of Common Prayer met here, and was known as the 
Savoy Conference. 

In 1694 a German Lutheran congregation was established in the Savoy 
district and met in the Savoy chapel. It is this church, known as St. 
Mary's ot Savoy and the clergymen who ministered therein in 1709 to 
which allusion is made above. At this period tliere seem to have been three 
clergymen there ; George Andreas Ruperti Mr. Tribekko and (perhaps) 
Mr. Treke. These were the persons who seem also to have had general 
charge of the newly arrived Germans. It was here that their spiritual 

300 The Pennsylvania-Gertnan Society. 

The Savoy Palace and Chapel. 

these, from time to time, every few days in fact, made 
reports of tlie numbers of the Palatines, their con- 

home was and here the ministrations of the church were given them. 
Here the sacraments were administered and here, when they died, as 
many hundreds did, the last rites were performed and they were laid to 
rest in the burial ground belonging to the church. It is a "God's acre" 
to which the men of German blood, wherever they may be, will 
always turn with feelings of profound interest and reverence. 

A German Reformed congregation was also established within the 
bounds of the Savoy district, about the year 1697. One of its earliest pas- 
tors was the Rev. Planta, who was also the Chief Librarian of the British 
Museum, and Secretary of the Royal Academy of Sciences. A lew 
years later the Congregation was in charge of the Rev. Dr. Gottfried 
Woide, who also became Chief Librarian of the British Museum. 

Propositions for their Settlement. 301 

dition, needs, and occnpations.~® It was stated that 
most of the men were husbandmen, and many of the 
rest handcraftsmen, while the women could spin and 
knit. The first 852 were allowed £20 per day. It 
was also proposed that they be granted parcels of 
land in her IMajesty's forests and chases in order to 
convert them to tillage. x\ proposition was also re- 
ceived from the Society of London for Mines Ro3^al, 
proposing the emplojmient of the strongest in the 
silver and copper mines of Penlyn and Merioneth- 
shire. A project for settling some of them in Staf- 
fordshire and Gloucestershire, proposed by Lord 
Chamberlain, was also considered. Eventually it was 
found this would entail a cost of ^150,000 audit was 
abandoned. It was suggested to employ'- some of 
them in the mines of Wales. It was agreed, how- 
ever, to give special encouragement to persons and 
parishes who should be willing to receive them, and 
the sum of ^5 Avas offered per head, the Queen to be 
at the charge of sending them to their respective 

Still the allowance of the government was in- 
sufB.cient to properly sustain these people, and the}^ 
were obliged to beg for bread on the streets of Lon- 
don, and this begging was principally done by the 
married women. 

A contemporary publication in summing up these 
events said : " Some well meaning but perhaps not 
sufficiently thoughtful persons, touched by the suffer- 

^' See Appendix B. 

302 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 



DerChriftlichenund der ungeandeiten 
Augfpurgifchen Confefiion 


Gemeinde in London, 


Durch Gottliche Verley hung, 

Im 1694. Jahre, 

An f^tftr Sonntage nacb d^m Feff der Hej/igen 

Solcnniter Eingeweyhet und EIngelegnet 

In St. Mary*s Savoy. 

Ep. I. Cor. 14. V. 33. 40. 

G TT i/i nicht ein G O TT der Urordnung^ fondern der 
Friedeniy ivif in nlien Gemeinen dtr Het/iger:. Lajft 
es alUs ehrlirh und ordentlkh zif^e he u . 
Rom. 15. V. 33. 

Der G O TT des ^tiedens fey mit euch allm / Amen, 

Title Page of Prayer-Book of the German Savoy 

Congregation in I,ondon. Used in 

Pennsylvania prior to 1748. 

Catholics Sent Back. 303 

ings of the Palatines, ruined through long wars and 
heavy taxes, had allowed themselves to be informed 
that these people could be better cared for in England 
if they betook themselves thither, and from thence 
to places to be indicated. This resulted in a great 
uprising in the Palatinate and the adjoining regions, 
so that the people hastened to England in great 
numbers, hoping to find there long desired happiness 
and abundance of food, and in a short time many 
thousands reached English soil, so that in May, 6520 
persons had arrived. It had been the intention to 
provide for all of these in the Province of Kent, 
negotiations had been begun to purchase the large 
forest and zoological garden at Coloham, belonging 
to Sir Joseph Williamson, and which had been 
offered for sale, but he declined to sed it although 
offered its full value according to the estimates of 
the day. IMeanwhile the poor people lay there and 
more were almost daily added to their number. 
Germany was notified that no more could be re- 
ceived, and several hundred Catholics were sent back 
with alms, because they could not be allowed to 
remain under the laws of the realm. For the 
remainder huts were built and a number of dwelling 
places in Hampshire allotted them to live in. One 
hundred commissioners,'^" representing all ranks and 
conditions, were appointed, among them dukes, mar- 
graves, earls, bishops and others, and a collection 
throughout the entire kingdom was permitted for 

For complete list of the names see Appendix C. 

304 The Pe7tnsylvania-German Society. 

their benefit, which must have produced a large sum, 
because some persons contributed 500 thalers and 
others even 1000, and the Queen herself ordered a 
daily distribution of 800 thalers among them, and 
also gave them 1000 High-German Bibles. "^^ 

From the beginning they were objects of dislike 
by the poorer classes of the English people. It was 
said they came to eat the bread of Englishmen and 
reduce the scale of wages ; the latter, it was alleged, 
had already fallen from 18 pence to 15 pence where 
they M^ere encamped, " It was also charged that 
they retained their love of their native land, corre- 
sponded with their friends in Germany and might 
act as spies, and eventually might even destroy the 
true British character of the race." These represen- 
tations excited a rancorous prejudice against these 
unfortunates. To many Englishmen the name of 
German was synonymous vv^ith that of Roman 
Catholic. Hence the dislike and distrust with 
which the majority of the lower ranks among the 
English regarded these people. The Tories refused 
to employ or relieve any except such as were Protes- 
tants, and willing to become members of the Church 
of England. The French refugees who had settled 
there and who had themselves fled from persecution, 
are said to have been the most pitiless and jealous 
of all.=^- 

^^ The "Theatrum Europaeum." 

"^ Cassell's England. Geschichte unci Zustanden, p. 43. Geschichs- 
bljitter, p. 24. 

JOANNES B4i?o DE cnuka mhh, 

_) lij DA ^ A R L B O R O U GH, z ^iV. 

''" ''I' L II willillllhaUJiaillllDJiiJiuluuli 

M"m\ iiiiii 

Ofier by Indian Chiefs. 305 

To many Englishmen, especially among the lower 
orders, the name of German was synonymous with 
that of Roman Catholic, and this fact served to inten- 
sify the dislike with which these colonists were re- 
garded upon their arrival in England. 

It is hardl}^ to be wondered at, therefore, if the 
lower classes of Englishmen not only did all they 
could to drive these Germans out of London, but 
should resort to actual violence to do so. According 
to Loher and Kapp, upon one occasion no fewer 
than 2000 infuriated Englishmen, armed with axes, 
scythes and smith hammers, made an attack upon 
one of the German encampments, and struck down 
all who did not flee. The same writers tell us that 
at this time there happened to be in London five 
chiefs of the Mohawk tribe of Indians, who had come 
to ask the assistance of her Majesty's Government 
against the attacks of the French in Canada. These, 
in the course of their wanderings in the neighbor- 
hood of London, came upon the Palatine encampment 
at Blackheath, and seeing their poverty and wretched 
condition, inquired as to the cause. Being told that 
the earnest longing of these people was lands in 
America where they could live and help themselves, 
they were so moved by what they heard, that they 
invited the Germans to come to them in America and 
offered Queen Anne a gift of rich lands whereon they 
might settle.^' 

^^ Loher : Die Deutchen in Amerika, p. 43. See also Hallische 
Nachrichten, 973-981. 

3o6 The Pennsylvmiia-German Society. 

But it was not those in tlie humbler walks of life 
alone who spoke unkindly of these miserable wander- 
ers. Dean Swift had this tintruthful fling at them : 
" Some persons, whom the voice of the nation 
authorizes me to call her enemies, taking advantage 
of the general naturalization act, had invited over a 
great number of foreigners of all religions, under the 
name of Palatines, who understood no trade or handi- 
craft, yet rather chose to beg than labor ; who, besides 
infesting our streets, bred contagious diseases by 
which we lost in natives thrice the number of popu- 
lation gained in foreigners."'^* In reply to this charge 
of the witty, but bitter, dean of St. Patrick's, I may 
say I have nowhere discovered any evidence of the 
charges he makes concerning an unusual mortality 
among the English people, through contact with the 
Palatines. If there was any cause whatever, it was 
doubtless exaggerated to lend point to the pen of a 
caustic Tory writer. It is not to be denied, however, 
that insuf&cient nourishment and exposure had intro- 
duced much sickness among them. The report to the 
House of Commons on April 14, 1711, of the Com- 
mittee appointed to consider the petition of the Min- 
isters, Church Wardens and Inhabitants of St. 
Olathe, in Southwark, County of Surrey, proves that. 
Swift's charge that they understood no trade or 
handicraft is wholly untrue, as the numerous lists 
made of these people show.^*^ That they did beg is 
true, but it was from necessity and not from choice, 

" Examiner, 41, 45. 

A Champion in Marlborough. 307 

as a score of authorities fully prove, and none but him 

But it must not be supposed that the entire body 
of the English people were arrayed against these 
long-suffering wanderers. If they had plenty of 
enemies they also had some good friends. The great 
Duke of Marlborough spoke warmly in their favor 
before the Ministry, during the period of their great- 
est coming. They were of the race which had filled 
the ranks of that sturdy champion of Protestantism, 
Gustavus Adolphus, and Marlborough had himself 
seen their heroism displa3^ed upon many a stricken 
field, under his own command. England needed 
soldiers, and he well knew the world had none better. 

But no man did the Palatines better service than 

^^^ "At several Times, from the first of May last past, to the i8th of July 
1709, there have been landed in England of these distressed Palatines, the 
exact Number of 10,000 Souls. Those that arrived at the two first 
Times, viz : from the first of May, to the 12th of June, consisted of Men 
having families, 1278 ; Wives, 1234 ; Widows, 89 ; unmarry'd Men, 384 ; 
unmarry'd Women, 106 : Boys above 14 Years of Age, 379 ; Girls above 

14 Years, 374 ; Boys under 14 Years, 1367 ; Girls under 14 Years, 1309. 
So that the whole Number of the two first Numbers landed, were 

Of these, there are Husbandmen and vine dressers, 1083 ; School- 
masters, 10 ; Herdsmen, 4 ; Wheelwrights, 13 ; Smiths, 46 ; Cloth and 
Linnen Weavers, 66 ; Carpenters, 90 ; Bakers, 32 ; Masons, 48 ; Coopers 
and Brewers, 48 ; Joiners, 20 ; Shoemakers, 40 ; Taylors, 58 ; Butchers, 

15 ; Millers, 27 ; Sadlers, 7 ; Stocking-weavers, 5 ; Tanners, 7 ; Miners, 
3; Brick-makers, 6; Hatters, 3; Hunters, 5; Turners, 6; Surgeons, 3; 
Locksmiths, 2; Bricklayers, 4; Glasiers, 2; Hatters, 3; Silver-smiths 
2 ; Carvers, 2 ; i Cook and i Student. To which above 1500 being 
added, that arriv'd in the River of Thames, July 18, and others at other 
Times, whose Families, Trades and Employment' are not yet distin- 
guish'd or number'd, makes the Number of the Palatines amount in the 
whole to about 10,000 Souls." Palatine Refugees in England, pp. 19-20. 

3o8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Bishop Bumet;^^ Early and late lie was their stead- 
fast champion. When the bill to naturalize such as 
were willing to take the oath of allegiance, and re- 
ceive the sacrament in any Protestant Church, came 

'^ Among the few men of prominence and influence, who during those 
trying times resolutely stood up and unselfishly endeavored to meliorate 
the condition of these Palatines, the name of Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of 
Salisbury, must ever occupy a foremost place. Next to the Queen her- 
self, they seem to have had no better friend. 

Burnet was born in Edinburg in 1643. He entered Marischal College, 
Aberdeen, at the age of ten. After taking his degree he gave himself 
to the study of law, and afterwards to Divinity. He studied Hebrew in 
Holland and later became Professor of Divinity in the University of 
Glasgow. He resigned his chair and went to London, where he was 
made chaplain to the Rolls Chapel and lecturer at St. Clements. In 
1679-81 he pubhshed the first two volumes of his History oi the Refor- 
mation, lor which Parliament gave him a vote of thanks. He had sided 
with the moderate party and upon his refusal to attach himself to that of 
the King, he was deprived of his lectureship. After this he passed to 
the continent, travelling in Switzerland, Italy, France and Germany. He 
made the acquaintance of the Prince of Orange, with whom he became 
a favorite. When William came over to England, Burnet accompanied 
him as chaplain and in 1689 was made Bishop of Salisbury. He was of 
a disputatious temperament and was involved in many troubles in con- 
sequence. He was a voluminous author. He died in 1715 and his 
"History of his Own Time " was not published until after his death. In 
politics he was a Whig and in consequence was assailed by Switt, Pope 
and other Tory writers. He was a broad churchman, sincere in his 
views, of strict morality, great charity and moderation, honest and 
earnest, but sometimes inclined to be warped in his judgments. 

Macaulay devotes several pages of his brilliant history to an analysis 
of Burnet's character. He alludes to his many faults of understanding 
and temper, but says: "Yet Burnet, though open in many respects to 
ridicule, and even to serious censure, was no contemptible man. His 
parts were quick, his industry unwearied, his reading various and most 
extensive. He was at once a historian, an antiquary, a theologian, a 
pamphleteer, a debater and an active political leader ; and in every one 
of these he made himself conspicuous among able competitors." The 
value of the services of this man to the cause of the poor Palatines, 
which he so warmly espoused, can hardly be over-estimated. 

KxtelleT Emx:. 

OB, 1714 -15, 

The Germans Issue an Address. 309 

up for action in the House of Lords, many of the 
ecclesiastical peers demanded that they should take 
it only in the Established Church, but Bishop Bur- 
net, greatly to the scandal of his brethren, advocated 
any Protestant form, and carried the day.'^" The 
Bishop of Chester, a High Churchman, most earnestly 
opposed such liberal dealing with these foreign 


The Palatines themselves, or some one in their be- 
half, issued the following address to the English 
people : 

'' We, the Poor Distressed Palatines^ whose utter 
Ruin was occasioned by the Merciless Cruelty of a 
Bloody Enemy, the French, whose prevailing Power 
some Years past, like a torrent, rushed into our 
Country and overwhelmed us at once ; and being not 
Content with Money and Food Necessary for their 
Occasions, not only dispossessed us of all Support 
but inhumanly burnt our Houses to the Ground, 
whereby being deprived of all Shelter, we were 
turned into the open Fields, there with our Families 
to seek what shelter we could find, were obliged to 
make the earth our Repository for Rest, and the 
clouds our Canopy or Covering. 

" We poor wretches in this deplorable condition 
made our Hiimble Supplication and Cries to Al- 
mighty God, whose Omnisciency is extensive, who 
has promised to relieve all those that make their 

^^ Cassell's History of England. 

3IO The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Humble Supplications to him that he will hear them ; 
Relieve them and Support them in what Condition 
soever ; and likewise has promised to all those who 
shall feed the Hungry, Cloath the Naked, and Com- 
fort the Distressed, they shall be received into his 
Bverlasting Kingdom, where they shall be rewarded 
with Eternal Life. 

" We magnify the Goodness of our Great God, who 
heard our Prayers, and in his good Time disposed 
the Hearts of Good and Pious Princes to a Christian 
Compassion and Charity towards us in this deplor- 
able State, by whose Royal Bounties, and the large 
Donations of well disposed Quality and Gentry, we 
and our Children have been preserved from perishing 
with Hunger ; but especially since our Arrival in 
this Land of Canaan, abounding with all Things 
necessary and convenient for Humane Life. 

"Blessed Land ! Governed by the Mother of Europe^ 
and the Best of Queens, in her Steadfastness and 
great Alacrity in Contributing largely, in all Re- 
spects, towards all her allies abroad for the speedy 
Reducing of the Exhorbitant Power of France^ and 
our great Enemy, and likewise her Great Piety and 
Mild Government, and great Charity towards all Her 
Distressed Subjects at Home: And not Bounded 
here, but from afar has gathered Strangers and 
Despicable creatures (as a Hen her Chickens under 
her Wings) Scattered abroad. Destitute, Hungry, 
Naked, and in want of every Thing necessary for 
our Support. 

" This great Act of Charity towards us obliges us 

Invoke Blessing on the Queen. 311 

and our Posterity to perpetuate Her name in our 
Families, and to render our Hearty Prayers to Al- 
mighty God, that he will be pleased to Bless Her 
Sacred Majesty with Long Life, and a Prosperous 
Reign, and this Nation with a Happy Peace and 
Plenty ; and for the better obtaining of which may 
be given Her Repeated Victories over Her Enemies, 
which are the Redundant Rewards and Blessings of 
God upon Her in this Life, and may She be blest 
with an Immortal Crown that never fades. 

" We humbly intreat all Tradesmen not to Repine 
at the good Disposition of Her Sacred Majesty, and 
of the Quality and Gentry ; but with great Compas- 
sion join with them in their Charitable Disposition 
towards us, and with a cheerful Readiness Receive us 
at this Juncture, which we hope will be a means to 
redouble the Blessings of God upon this Nation. 

" We Intreat you to lay aside all Reflections and 
Imprecations, and 111 Language against us, for that 
is contradictory to a Christian Spirit, and we do as- 
sure 3^ou it shall be our Endeavours to act with great 
Humility and Gratitude, and to render our Pra3^ers 
for you, which is all the Returns that can be made 
by your^^ 

Distressed Brethren, 

The Palatines. 

The English people manifested much interest in 
the religious well being of these sojourners. This 
arose from diverse reasons, however. It was feared 

^** State of the Palatines, p. 6. 

312 The Pennsylvama-German Society. 




J. V. Lie. anb griet>«i«-.?Si(8tttm 



3»ipttt(R h^ ^^rea0 Otto. i7<>4» 

Pastorius' Geographical Description of Pennsylvania. 

Care for their Spiritual Welfare. 313 

by some tliat if they remained permanently, they 
might join the ranks of the Dissenters; others in- 
terested themselves in their behalf because they 
wished to swell the ranks of the Established Church. 
A pamphlet was prepared in German and English 
for the use of the Palatines. It contained an address 
admonishing them to obe}^ their Lord and Master's 
commands and follow in the footsteps of his disciples, 
and to shun the works of the devil. It also included 
the Sermon on the Mount and several chapters of 
the gospel of St. Matthew. Several pages were com- 
posed especially for their benefit ; first a general 
thanksgiving, a prayer for the Queen, one for times 
of great tribulation and one for morning and night, 
and for God's grace and blessing. 

Some of the Catholics who were of Protestant 
descent changed their religion with alacrity. Those 
who were Lutherans communed in both the German 
and English churches. The proprietors of the 
Carolinas having manifested a disposition to take 
married men only to their colonies, this led to num- 
erous marriages among such as came over un- 

But all the while that these temporary arrange- 
ments for the care of these people were going on, 
the Government was not unmindful of the fact that 
sooner or later some permanent disposition of them 
must be made. In all, nearly 14,000 had come and 
with the exception of a few who had secured employ- 
ment and were self sustaining, they were supported 
at the public charge, A contract was made with a 

314 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

mercliant iu the West Indies to send five hundred 
families to Barbadoes. I have not been able to find 
any evidence that this contract was carried out. 
Most probably it was not. 

A plan to locate a large number in Ireland was 
brought forward and consummated, but I have deemed 
this Irish colony, in view of its numbers and char- 
acter, deserving of a special chapter which will 

The plan to locate them throughout the different 
counties of the kingdom was not given up. Lord 
Sunderland, who was the Secretary of State, wrote, 
among other letters, one to the Mayor of Canterbury, 
asking him to receive and permanently locate some 
of them. The letter was referred to the town 
Magistrates, who declined to take them upon the 
ground that their own poor were a heavy burden. 

But the bounty of ^5 per head which, as has al- 
ready been mentioned, was offered to all parishes 
who would accept and settle Palatines, met with ac- 
ceptance in some localities. Under its provisions, 
Germans in limited numbers found their way into 
all parts of England. As the bounty, rather than 
the welfare of the immigrant was the main object in 
view by the communities that accepted these condi- 
tions, little attention was given to them thereafter, 
and they were left to take care of themselves in the 
best way they could. The result was that many be- 
came dissatisfied with their lot after a while. They 
found no companionship among the English, who, 
as a rule, disliked as well as despised them, and, long- 

Futile Attempts to Settle Them. 315 

ing for the association of their countrymen, many of 
them again found their way back to London and the 
various camps in the vicinity. There were some, 
however, who, located at great distances from the great 
metropolis, were from that cause, poverty and other 
reasons compelled to remain where they had been 
sent. From the large number that remains un- 
accounted for, after summing up those who were sent 
out of the country, the conclusion seems irresistible 
that some thousands remained for a term of years, 
or permanently, scattered throughout the United 
Kingdoms, and the city of London no doubt retained 
her full share. 

Captain Elkin of the English navy came forward 
with the proposition that 600 of them should be 
settled on the Scilly Islands, a small group off the 
southwest coast of England. Lord Sunderland 
thought well of the project, and on September 21, 
and October 2, 1709, two transports were sent down 
the Thames with 600 men on board, well provisioned 
and otherwise well provided for. For some unex- 
plained reason, these men were never sent to their 
destination, but after remaining on ship board three 
entire months, they were again set on shore on 
December 30, of the same year, and found their way 
back to Blackheath. The cost of this miserable 
failure was ^821.18.5 for ship hire, and ^665.0,6^ 
more for victualling the same; a total of ^1486.18.- 

Such of them as were Catholics, and refused to 
become Protestants, were returned to Holland at 

3i6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Queen Anne's cost, and furnished with the needed 
supplies to reach their own countries. 

Seeing no prospects of a speedy release from their 
wretched condition, one hundred and fifty of the 
able-bodied young men enlisted in the army and 
were sent to serve in Lord Gallaway's regiment then 
on duty in Portugal. According to Luttrell's diary 
some also enlisted in Lord Haye's regiment. Some 
enlisted as sailors in the navy and were sent into 
foreign parts. '^^ Death, too, came along and com- 
mitted havoc in their ranks. More than a thousand 
died in the encampment at Blackheath, happy in 
their release from want and misery. They were reluc- 
tant to be scattered all over the British dominions. 
Their hope had been to be settled together in the 
colonies of the New World, and to this desire they 
remained constant throughout all their terrible experi- 

In April, 1709, the proprietors of Carolina had 
sold to two persons, Lewis Michell and Christo- 
plier De Graffenreid, ten thousand acres of land, in 
one body between the Neuse and Cape Fear rivers. 
Michell had previously been in the employ of the 
Canton of Bern, Switzerland, to look for lands in 
Pennsylvania, Virginia or the Carolinas, whereon a 
Swiss colony might be settled by that Canton, but 
the latter having given up the project, Michell and 
his partner conceived the idea of bringing over colo- 

*' "Etliche Sind mit der Ost Indischen Flatte in Osl Indien gangen,. 
und daselbs zerstrenet." Das verlangte, nicht erlangte Canaan, p. 8. 

Some Sent to the Caroliiias. 317 



Umf!atiMtc6er sgerfc^e ' 

©on bet berul)iiiten l^anbfc^d^ 



grancfftirt am ?0?d^n/ 

Asin@ 170^. 

Pamphlet Circulated by Kocherthal, Advising Emigrants 
TO GO TO the Carolinas. 

3i8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

nists themselves.^ The Palatines became the object 
of their speculative enterprise, and they covenanted 
with the English Commissioners, that the latter 
should send over about one hundred families, in all 
about 650 persons, and locate them on these lands. 
The Commissioners allowed five pounds per head for 
the transporting of these settlers, supplied them with 
provisions for twelve months, and in addition gave 
them twenty shillings each out of the funds which 
had been raised by popular subscription. The colo- 
nists reached the confluence of the Neuse and Trent 
rivers in December, 1709, and were housed in tempor- 
ary shelters. In accordance with instructions from 
the home government, Governor Tryon allotted 100 
acres to each man, woman and child. 

A large number, perhaps as many as two or three 
thousand, were returned to the places from which 
they had originally come. Luttrell mentions that in 
May, 1 7 10, Minister Dayrolle gave five florins each 
to 800 Palatines who were returned to their homes. 
Some of these, as we have already seen, were Catho- 
lics, but many Protestants were also sent along, it 
being found impossible to dispose of them otherwise. 

The last large body to be sent away was the well- 
known colony that went to the State of New York 
under the plan submitted by Col. Hunter, then re- 
cently appointed Governor of that province, to the 
Board of Trade. It is not necessary that I should 
go into the details of this scheme, as they are 

^* Williamson's North Carolina. 

The New York Colony. 319 

familiar to all, and will be fully dealt with in a 
future paper of this series. It is enough to say that 
three thousand two hundred were crowded into ten 
small ships and set sail in March, 17 10. They ar- 
rived at inter^^als between June 14 and Jul}' 24. 
Four hundred and seventy perished on the vo^-age. 

Not all, however, left England. Some had found 
permanent employment and a few had entered into 
business. Some worked in her Majesty's gardens 
and others on a canal at Windsor. A little hamlet 
arose on the west side of London where some houses 
had been erected for the use of these people, and to 
this day the}^ bear the name of the Palatine houses. "^^ 

An account written at the period, gives us an in- 
sight into their manner of living at that time : 

tQHT^OUi printed for J. R*y, at thc>/«^^.in i'^^SS 

This Quaint Wood Cut of the Period Shows how these People 
Passed their Time While Camped at Blackheath. 

" They spend their time very religiously and in- 
dustriously, having praj^ers morning and evening, 

39 H. A. Holmes. ' 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

with singing of psalms, and preaching every Sunday, 
where both old and young appear very serious and 
devout. Some employ themselves in making several 
toys of small value, which they sell to the multitudes 
that come daily to see them. They are contented 
with very ordinary food, their bread being brown, and 
their meat of the coarsest and cheapest sort, which, 
with a few roots and herbs, they eat with much 
cheerfulness and thankfulness. Great numbers of 
them go every Sunday to their church in the Savoy 
and receive the Sacrament of their ov/n ministers. 
Many of the younger are married every week ; the 
women wear rosemary and the men laurel in their 
hair at the time of their marriage, adultery and 
fornication being much abhorred by them. When 
any are buried, all the attendants go singing after 
the corpse, and when they come to the grave the 
coffin is opened for all to see the body. After it is 

Palatinks Worshipping in St. Mary's, of Savoy. 

laid in the ground they all sigh again for some time 
and then depart. They carry grown people upon a 

Occupations of the Germans. 321 

bier and children upon their heads. On the whole 
they appear to be an innocent, laborious, peaceable, 
healthy and ingenious people, and may be rather 
reckoned a blessing than a burden to any nation 
where they shall be settled." 

To give some idea of the class of persons who 
composed this great body of immigrants, the follow- 
ing list is submitted. I have found a number of 
such lists,'*" but the one I quote is the fullest of 
them all and no doubt as reliable as any. This 
authority says that " from the middle of April, 1709, 
till the middle of July, the arrivals in London were 
11,294 German Protestants, males and females. Of 
the males there were : husbandmen and vine dressers, 
1838; bakers, 78; masons, 477; carpenters, 124; 
shoemakers, 68 ; tailors, 99 : butchers, 29 ; millers, 
45 ; tanners, 14 ; stocking weavers, 7 ; saddlers, 13 ; 
glass blowers, 2 ; hatters, 3 ; lime burners, 8 ; 
schoolmasters, 18 ; engravers, 2 ; brickmakers, 3 ; 
silversmiths, 2 ; smiths, 35 ; herdsmen, 3 ; black- 
smiths, 48 ; potters, 3 ; turners, 6 ; barbers, i ; sur- 
geons, 2. Of these 11,294 there were 2556 who had 

" State of the Palatines. 

Rupp's note in Rush's Essay on the manners and customs of the 
Germans of Pennsylvania 

*i As a matter of interest a second enumeration is given from Frank's 
'■'•Frankfurter Me sz-Kalender von Osterti bis Herbst,'" 1709, which says 
that by the middle of July 6520 Germans had arrived in London. Of 
these 127S were men with families. 1238 married women, S9 widows, 
384 young men, 106 youi'g women, 379 boys over 14 years old, 374 
girls over 14 years old, 1363 boys under 14 and 1309 girls under 14 years. 

Among these people were 1083 husbandmen and vine dresi^ers, 90 

322 The Pennsyhania-LTCjnian Society. 


iinb tt)al)rbafftigenl}tlM)en tbvecfo gcofs 
fcrtDccadenjunfc gcbacmung^'fi^ftcs 

Stltetti gtaubftj&tbigm Documentls unft 

35vieiflic!)en UrfunDen ( bet t^o lebenben licbeti 

fBurs^rf^^fff ' w"^ ^^^<> ^acbfommen / \\x %mt 

^«cfcri^t) alfo jufammen ^m<x^^x^ / unD in 

Den 2)rucf gcQcben 


Melchiorem Adamum Paftor lum ^ 

Wtei:n 95uvaemciffern unD Obct ^O^icft* 

tern m befagtet @taDt 

©eM*urft su SJTtfirnberg 


Nmxissus LuttrelVs Diary. 323 

Fortunately for us, who are at this distant day at- 
tempting to unravel the twisted threads which en- 
cumber the story of these poor Palatines, there lived 
in London at that time a man of education, leisure,, 
and thoroughly acquainted with public affairs. His 
name was Narcissus Luttrell. One of his pleasures 
was to keep a diary. This diary is very full and 
minute, but unlike the better known diarist who pre- 
ceded him, the inimitable Pepys, he devoted his pages 
more to public affairs and less to himself. From day 
to day, for a period of 36 years, he recorded the 
World's news as it reached London. Every thing 
was set down as it came. He appears to have been 
without bias or prejudices and as the result, his diary 
appears to be a complete picture of the times as they 
passed before him. It contains numerous allusions 
to this Palatine immigration, and as it is little known, 
I will here quote such remarks as I have found in it 
bearing on this question. 

" 1709 Thursda}^, May 12. From Cologne that 
three great vessels more were arrived there with 
Protestants from the Palatines for England, and 
thence to Pennsylvania ; so that above 1000 families 
have already quitted that country. 

" Saturday, 14 May. A great many poor German 
and French Protestants have taken the oaths this 

carpenters, 34 bakers, 48 masons, 20 joiners, 40 shoemakers, 58 tailors,, 
15 butchers, 27 millers, 7 tanners, 4 stocking weavers, 6 barbers, 3 lock- 
smiths, 13 smiths, 46 linen and cloth weavers, 48 coopers, 13 wheel. 
Wrights, 5 hunters, 7 saddlers, 2 glass blowers, 2 hatters, 8 lime and tile 
burners, i cook, 10 schoolmasters, 1 student, 2 engravers, 7 farmers. 

324 The Pennsylvariia-Geiinan Society. 

week at the Queen's bencli court, in order to their 
naturalization by the late act. 

" Saturday, 28 May. Sunday last about 300 Protes- 
tants from the Palatinate received the sacrament at 
the Prussian church in Savoy, in order to their nat- 
uralization ; 1300 more are also arrived, and a sermon 
will be preached before them once a week in Aldgate 

" Tuesday, 14 June. Sunday Monsieur du Quesne, 
a French Protestant, presented a letter to her majestie 
from the King of Prussia about the Reformed 
churches in France, and a petition in the name of 
above a million of those poor people who groan un- 
der a most severe persecution ; she assured him she 
had already given her ministers abroad instructions 
concerning the same, and will doe for them what else 
lies in her power. 

"Thursday, 16 June. The justices of the Middle- 
sex have resolved to petition her majestie for a brief 
to support the poor Palatines come over hither, being 
upward of 6000. 

" Saturday, 18 June. Tis said a brief was then 
ordered (in council) for a collection in London and 
Middlesex to relieve the poor Palatines, and that the 
Commissioners of Trade and Plantations are to take 
care of them till the West India fleet goes, when they 
are to embark for Nevis and St. Christophers, to re- 
people those islands destroyed by the French. 

"Tuesday, 21 June. Tents are putting up at 
Blackheath for the poor Palatines till they can be 
transported to the West Indies. 

LuttrelVs Diary Continued. 325 

" Thursday, 7 July. Yesterday the nobility and 
gentry, commissioners for providing for the support 
of the poor Palatines lately arrived here, met the first 
time in the convocation house at St. Paul's, where 
were present the Lord Mayor and several of the 

"Tuesday, 12 July. Monsieur Ruperti is translat- 
ing the liturgy of the church of England into High 
Dutch, which books are to be given among the poor 
Palatines, 2000 more of whom last Sunday arrived 
here from Rotterdam. 

" Saturday, 16 July. The lords proprietors of Caro- 
lina have made proposals to a committee of Council, 
to take all the Palatines here, from 15 to 45 years 
old and send them to their plantation ; but her 
majestic to be at the charge of transporting them, 
which will be above £^02. head. 

"Saturday, 23 July. 300 more Palatines are arrived, 
so that the whole number here is about 8000. 

"Saturday, i August. Several of the poor Palatines 
who came lately over, and were Papists, have re- 
nounced that religion, and more of them, 'tis ex- 
pected, will do the like. 

"Thursday, 4 August. Mr. Paul Girard at an emi- 
nent French refugee merchant in Coleman street, has 
upon the brief for the poor Palatines, given ^423 
towards their relief, and several other citizens very 

"Tuesday, 9 August. The Commissioners for pro- 
viding for the poor Palatines, upon inspecting the 
subscriptions of the nobility and gentry, find that 

326 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 




Sti jtc^ l)dtenb : 

©fe Situation, unt)§ni(6!&arfeit6ed 

^lufTc. S)ie 2ln}af)lt»ei'er bi^^erp oebauten^tdbtf. 

A)i« feliiame (ireafiirrn an Xbimn/w^fln w&Siftfien* 

jDic Mjocraiien l!^^ (Si'dije/Icinc ©erca dngetobrnen tti^ 

i)enSSoIff?repra(§fn/ 9lc!<,qfonKnO®€&?<fuc&e. Un& 

Di« er/tm Sii/IHc&cii ^Han^a nod S|a6aii$c 

25«rc^rieb«» won 


•[Gc(cf;em Traaatlein nod^ betjgtfuget fm& : 

Q^urgcrfJ uni) ^ilgrim^ in Penfylvania i93» 

Quten l^«Hn^cu. 

Jrancf furt unb fi-eipug / 
3tt fint>en be^2(nbrea^ Otto/^u^hflutlau 

LuttreWs Diary Continued. 327 

about ^15,000 is already given for their support. 
Abundance of tliem are gone hence in wagons for 
Chester to embark for Ireland, and the rest designed 
for that Kingdom will speedily follow. 

"Thursday, 15 September. The Popish Palatines 
who came liither, are ordered to go home, having 
passports for the same. 

"Thursday, 29 September. Yesterday 18 Palatines 
listed themselves in the Lord Haye's regiment. 

"Thursday, 6 Oct. The commissioners for settling 
the poor Palatines have resolved to send forthwith 
600 of them to Carolina, and 1500 of them to New 
York ; and 'tis said, the merchants of Bediford and 
Barnstable, concerned in the Newfoundland fishery, 
intend to employ 500 more in their service. 

"Thursday, 29 Dec. Colonel Hunter (the new 
Governor of New York,) designs next week to em- 
bark for his government of New York ; and most of 
the Palatines remaining here goe with him to people 
that colony. 

"1710. Thursday, 25 May. Mr. Ayrolles, the 
British Secretary at the Hague, is gone for Rotter- 
dam to distribute her majesties charity to 800 poor 
Palatines returning home, being 5 florins to each 

"Thursday, 27 July. The first ticket of the State 
lottery drawn yesterday entitled the fortunate holder 
to ;^50 per annum, and fell upon Mr. Walter Cocks 
of Camberwell, who so generously supported the 
Palatines last year, and has this 3'ear the best crop of 
corn for quantity in all the county of Surrey." 



Seal of the City of Limerick. 

sions to tlieir transportation to 
modem writers, comparatively 

3 RETURN now 
to those Ger- 
mans who were 
not sent to Amer- 
ica, who were not 
returned to their 
own country, and 
who did not re- 
main in England, 
the 3800 souls that 
were colonized in 
Ireland. Beyond 
the few brief allu- 
that country found in 
little concerning them 

Proposals Received from Ireland. 329 

is known to the general reader. I shall, therefore, 
proceed to give with some detail, the information that 
has rewarded my research concerning them. 

As we have already seen, the attempt to settle 
these people permanently in England met with no 
favor and had to be abandoned. The plan to send 
some to Ireland and locate them permanently there, 
apparently met with no opposition. In fact, the 
proposition to make this disposal of them originated 
in Ireland itself. The Committee appointed to in- 
quire into the coming of the Palatines into Great 
Britain, and upon what encouragement, in their re- 
port to the House of Commons on April 14, 1711, 
said that the plan for locating some of them in Ire- 
land, originated in that country itself. Mr. J. Mar- 
shall, Deputy Master of the Rolls of Tipperary, 
offered to assume the care of 1000, and build houses 
for them. At the request of the Lord Lieutenant 
and Council of Ireland, he addressed the Queen on 
the subject, asking that as many Palatines should be 
sent there as her Majesty should think proper. In 

*'' The following order was issued from White Hall, July 27, 1709 : 
"The Right Honorable the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland, 
having in an Humble Address to her Majesty, Requested, that as 
many of the poor Palatines as her Majesty shall see fit, may be settled 
in that Kingdom, and given Assurances that they shall be very Kindly 
received, and advantageously settled there ; and the address having 
been laid before the Right Honorable, the Lords and others, her 
Majesty's Commissioners, for receiving and disposing of the money to 
be collected for the subsistence and settlement of the said Palatines 
The said Commissioners have resolved that Five Hundred Families of 
the said Palatines be forthwith sent into that Kingdom, and refer it to 
their Committee to settle the manner and timeof sending them thither." 

330 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

August, 1709, 500 families, numbering in all 3000 
persons, were sent to that country. The cost of 
sending them there as disclosed in the Parliamentary 
report, was ;^3498.i6.6. To complete their settle- 
ment in Ireland a warrant was drawn and signed by 
Queen Anne, for the sum of ^15,000, to be paid out 
of her Majesty's revenues in that country, and to be 
repaid in three years, at the rate of ^5000 every year. 
The report to the Commons informs us that in 
Feb. 1 7 10, 800 more Palatines were sent from Lon- 
don by way of Chester or Liverpool, to Ireland, upon 
representations from the Lord Lieutenant, the crown 
again bearing the charges, and ^9000 were allotted for 
their better settlement, this sum, like the former one, 
being also made a charge on the Irish revenues. 
Presently, however, it was found that some of these 
families were returning to England again, and that 
still others were preparing to follow them. Where- 
upon the Commissioners sent an agent, one John 
Crockett, to prevent, if possible, any further migra- 
tions. Upon arriving in Ireland, he found 20 fami- 
lies ready to go on board a vessel to return to Bug- 
land, they having a pass for 25 families. This pass 
was signed by the Lord Lieutenant's Steward, John 
Smalles. Crockett however stopped them and took 
away their pass. An appeal was taken to the highest 
legal tribunal and he was informed by Lord Chief 
Justice Broderick, that being a free people, they 
could not be legally prevented from going where 
they would. That decision seems to have effectually 
disposed of Agent Crockett and his mission. Within 

Map of Ireland at the time of the German Exodus. 

Fraudulent Action by Officials. 331 

a brief period thereafter, 232 more farailies returned 
to Southwark. 

The reasons these Palatines gave for leaving Ire- 
land, was the rough usage received from the Com- 
missary in whose charge they were, a man named 
Huick, from a Mr. Street, and others, who did not 
pay them their subsistance, they having received 
but one week's allowance. They paid their own pas- 
sage to England, although they were told they 
should have ten shillings per head for leaving Ire- 
land. From all this we think we have ample reasons 
to infer that this German colony partook somewhat 
of the nature of a speculation in which the public 
officials took a leading part. Why was the Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland so anxious to get them into 
that country, and why was he so busily employed in 
sending them away again, after the large allowances 
for their maintenance had been received ? Even the 
pittance of ten shillings, which appears to have been 
the bribe offered them to go back again, it seems was 
not paid. Apparently, there was an undercurrent of 
fraud throughout on the part of the minor and 
Mgher officials. 

The motives for sending these Palatines to Ireland 
was \>y no means an unselfish one, even on the part 
of the Government itself, or intended only to better 
their condition. Being Protestants the House of 
Commons was of the opinion that so large a body of 
that creed would not only tranquilize, but contribute 
to the stability and security of the Kingdom which 
has not yet recovered from the shock of the battle of 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

the Boyne, fought only twenty years before. To a 
certain extent this last aim was defeated because their 
treatment and deception by the government agents 
drove some of them away before they were quietly 
settled down. 

They were located on some unimproved lands at 

Rathkeale, near 
Limerick, in the 
County of Munster. 
Kapp says that 
among the first 500 
families sent to Ire- 
land were all the 
linen weavers, and 
this is also spoken 
of by other writers.^* 
Whether the linen 
industry was prom- 

Arms of the Bishop of Limerick. i U C U t iu Ireland 

prior to this invasion of the Palatines I have 
not been able to ascertain, but it is a matter of 
history that in the year 1711, two years after this 
colony was founded, a government board of manu- 
facturers was established in Ireland, which, by means 
of a system of bounties and in other ways did its ut- 
most to encourage the linen trade.^* These facts 

^' Friedrich Kapp. GeschichtsbUitter, p. 23. 

** Anton Eickhoff : In der neuen Heimath ; Geschichtliche Mitthei- 
lungen uber die deutchen einwanderer in aller Tin ilen der Union, has- 
copied Kapp verbatim. Kapp's words are : "Zuerst 500 Familien, 
darunter alle Leinweber, etc." 

The Linen Industry Established. 333 

seem to warrant the belief, tliat if these German 
colonists did not in fact, first establish the linen trade 
in that country, they at all events gave it such an 
impulse with their skill as to have for nearly two 
hundred years made it the most important textile in- 
dustry in Ireland."^ Such it is to-day. 

In 1 71 5, Parliament passed a special act authoriz- 
ing the naturalization of those who were still there, 
213 families in all. Of those who went away, about 
75 families returned to London, from whence they 
were sent to this country. For a number of years 
afterward, numbers of them kept coming to Pennsyl- 
vania. The expense of sending them to Ireland and 
their settlement there, cost the English government 

From the fact that for a good many years little was 
heard of this colony, we may infer that German 
thrift and industry were making their mark there, as 
they have done the whole world over ; that they pur- 
sued the even tenor of their way, and gave little care 
to what was going on around them. 

Under the distinctive " name of Palatines, they left 
the impress of their character in social and economical 
traits on the whole district, extending from Castle 
Mattrass eastward to Adare."*® 

John Wesley, the eminent evangelist, and founder 
of Methodism, during a trip to Ireland, in 1758, paid 
a visit to this Palatine colony. In his Journal he 

*^ Chamber's Encyclopaedia, vol. vi. 
*® Holmes. 

334 The Pennsylvania-German Society, 


It affords me much pleasure to be able to present the above brief but 
most interesting autograph letter of Queen Anne. There is no address 
and no evidence to show to whom it was written. The familiar tone 
seems to indicate that the person was one of her political household. 
Possibly it may have been to one of the clergymen who played so prom- 
inent a part in this drama of exile although this is not likely. Be this as 

Joh7i Wesley Visits Them. 335 

tells what he saw while there. He says : "I rode 
over to Court Mattrass, a colony of Germans, whose 
parents came out of the Palatinate fift}^ years ago. 
Twenty families settled here ; twenty more at Killi- 
keen, a mile off; fifty at Balligarene, about two miles 
eastward, and twenty at Pallas, four miles further. 
Bach family had a few acres of ground, on which 
they built as many little houses. The}^ are since 
considerably increased in number of families. Hav- 
ing no minister, they were becoming eminent for 
drunkenness, cursing, swearing, and an utter neglect 
of religion. But they are washed since they heard 
the truth which is able to save their souls. An oath 
is now rarely heard among them, or a drunkard seen 
in their borders. Court Mattrass is built in the 
form of a square, in the middle of which they have 
placed a pretty large preaching house. "^'^ In 1760, 
some of the descendants of these Irish Palatines left 
Limerick for the United States, and were among the 
pioneers of American Methodism. John Wesley 
had made a good many converts among these people 
while he was with them, the principal having been 
Philip Embury, (Amberg) and his son Samuel, the 
latter having come to New York in 1760.^^ 

it may, however, we have in this most kind and womanly note, con- 
firming evidence ot the unselfish interest this noble Queen felt in these 

The original of this letter is in the incomparable collection of Ferdi- 
nand J. Dreer, Esq., of Philadelphia. This fac-simile is here, by permis- 
sion, for the first time, given to the public. 

*' See Wesley's Journal. 

■•^ Rupp's unpublished MSS See Seidensticker's German Day, p. 17. 

2)C)6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

KigHt acres of land, according to one account, were 
set aside for each one of these Germans at five shill- 
ings per acre, and the Government pledged itself to 
pay the ground taxes for them, for a period of twenty 

An English " Blue Book" states that " they were 
a frugal and industrious people. Their number, 
however, has been greatly diminished through later 
emigrations to America, and at the present day 
(period unknown) there are proportionately but few 
descendants of these in Ireland." 

In 1780, Farrar, the historian of Limerick, wrote 
of them as follows : " The Palatines still retain their 
language, but it is on the point of declining. They 
elect a Burgomaster, to whom they appeal in all 
cases of dispute. They are industrious and have 
leases from the landlords at reasonable rents. They 
are better fed and clothed than the Irish farmers. 
Their husbandry and harvests are better than those 
of their Irish neighbors. By degrees they aban- 
doned their 'Saur Kraut' and lived on potatoes, milk, 
butter, oat and wheat bread, and poultry. They 
sleep between two beds (feather beds), huge flitches 
of bacon hang from the rafters, and massive chests 
hold the household linen : their superstitions savor 
of the banks of the Rhine : in their dealings they 
are upright and honorable." 

In 1840, Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Hall, the well known 
authors, also visited and wrote about this old German 
colony. They said : " They differ from other people 
of the country. The elder people still retain their 

Intermar^'iage With Natives. 337 

language, customs and religion, but the younger 
ones mingle witH tlie Irish people and intermarry 
with them." 

In May of the same year. Dr. Michell writes : 
" The majority of them have decidedly foreign 
features, and are of sturdy build. Their countenance 
is of a dark hue, their hair dark and their eyes 
brown. A comparison of the inhabitants of the 
Bavarian Palatinate shows them to be light of 
complexion and blue eyed. This argues that the 
Irish Palatines have intermarried with the Irish 
natives. The old comfortable homes of these 
people are falling into decay, and newer dwellings 
have arisen nearby, some of them two stories high, 
with slate roofs. Almost all of them have gardens, 
and some orchards attached. Economy and industry 
prevail among them. The names of the Palatines 
in Ireland differ but little from those of people with 
the same origin. Some of their names are Baker, 
Miller, Lodwig, Modlar, Pyfer, Reynard, Shire, and 
Stark, which were originally Becker, Miiller, Ludwig. 
Pfeiffer, Reinhardt and Shier.^° 

An intelligent traveller who made a tour of Ireland 
in 1840, and wrote a book about the country, throws 
out a most interesting suggestion in what he has to 
say of these people. This is what he writes : "It 
was also with much regret that I forebore from visit- 
ing a German colonjr that settled in the county of 
Limerick about the beginning of the last century. 

See article in the Philadelphia Record, a year or two ago. 

338 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

The settlers were from tlie Palatinate, and their 
descendants are still called Palatinates, though they 
have lost the language of their fathers. They have 
not, however, lost the German character for good 
order and honorable dealing, and are looked upon as 
the best farmers in the country. ' They are a most 
respectable people,' said an Irish lady to me, ' and 
much wealthier and far better off than any of their 
Irish neighbors.' 

" It is a constant subject of discussion in Ireland, 
between the Irish patriots and the adherents of the 
English, that is between the Celtomanes and the 
Anglomanes, whether the misery and poverty of 
Ireland ought to be attributed to the tyranny and bad 
government of the Knglish, or whether the indolence 
and want of energy of the Irish themselves be not in 
a great measure to blame. Now the prosperity of this 
German colony, though subject to the same laws and 
influences as the native Irish, would seem not to de- 
cide the question in favor of the friends of the Celts. 
Upon the whole, however, there are not many Ger- 
mans in Ireland, not even in Dublin. They were 
probably never more numerous there than during the 
rebellion in 1798, when several regiments of Han- 
overians were employed in the country, and their 
presence in such form may not have left a very 
favorable impression respecting them on the public 

Several authorities confirm the fact that as late as 

51 Ireland. By J. G. Kohl, 1844. 

Thrifty^ Honest and Prosperous. 339 

1855, the descendants of these German-Irish colo- 
nists were still living in the county of Limerick 
and that to some extent they still retained many of 
their original characteristics along with their in- 
dustry and thrift, and were scrupulously honorable 
m all their dealings. They were still, for the most 
part, prosperous farmers and weavers, and stood well 
in the community .^^ 

We are, therefore, warranted in believing that on 
the whole, this Irish colony is to be regarded as hav- 
ing emerged from its troubles and trials as well, if 
not better, than any of the unwelcome visitors that 
poured into London in the spring and summer of 
1709. It is true, some were dissatisfied and left, as 
has already been shown. Those who remained escaped 
the pest ships, and the tyranny that awaited 
^em m the State of New York and elsewhere. 
Their greatest trials had come to an end, and thence 
forward neither religious nor political troubles 
molested them, while want and starvation existed 
only as unhappy memories. 

^ Meth. Quar. Rev. Oct. 1855. 
See also Fliegende Blatter 11.36. 




T will be seen from tlie 
foregoing, that the large 
number which is said to have 
come to London, is not fully 
accounted for in the enumera- 
tion of those who were sent to 
Ireland, to the New World or 
returned to their own country 
again. Kapp,a reliable 
guide in general, fixes the 
total number of emigrants at between 13,000 and 
14,000 souls. But he fails to dispose of that number 
when he comes to sum up. Loher goes far beyond 
him and says ship load after ship load reached Lon- 
don, until their number in the Blackheath camp 
reached 32,468. It would be interesting to know 

Arms of Wurtemberg. 

Exaggerated Statements. 341 

where lie got his extravagant figures. There is no 
warrant for them in any published documents that I 
have seen, nor in the unpublished archives of Eng- 
land and Holland so far as they have been examined. 
In this statement he is, however, followed by sev- 
eral later writers, who bring forward no evidence 
nor authority for their estimates. They seem to 
have followed Loher blindly. The statement, there- 
fore, made by the latest author who has dealt with 
this phase of the question, that " During the two 
years 1708 and 1709, over thirty thousand of them 
crossed over to England,^^ is wholly unsustained by 
the authorities, figures and facts to which I have had 

Careful accounts of all the expenditures incurred 
by the British Government are to be found in the 
Journals of Parliament, and the records of the Board 
of Trade, and the sum total has been figured out. 
They include the costs incurred by the several 
schemes which have here been enumerated and noth- 
ing more. Had the Palatines been 32,000 instead of 
14,000 or less, the cost must also have been doubled. 
As here given, the following numbers are accounted 

Sent to Ireland, 3,800 

Colonized in North Carolina, 650 

Sent to New York, 3,200 

Returned to Germany, (perhaps) 2,000 

Died in England, 1,500 

Enlisted, (perhaps) 350 

Total 11.500 


The Pen7isylvania-Gernian Society. 

THis enumeration leaves about two thousand un- 
accounted for. It is very probable tbat not all were 
sent out of the country, because some bad found 
acceptable employment, while many left at inter- 
vals during the next few years. That some re- 
mained in London years after the great body of 
them had been disposed of is absolutely proven by 
a writer under the date of June, 171 2, who says: 
"On my return (from Kensington and Hyde Park), 
I saw a number of the Palatines, the most poor, 
ragged creatures that I ever saw, and great objects 
of charity, if real exiles for religion.^^ 

Sydney George Fisher : The Making of Pennsylvania. 
Ralph Thoresly Diary, 1674-1724. 2 vols. 8 vo. London, 1830. 

Arms of Hanover. 




IvL Germans, and more 
especially we Americans of 
German descent, owe a heavy 
debt of gratitude to Great 
Britain, the Government as well 
as her individual citizens, for 
what they did for those forlorn 
and distressed Palatines. While 
there can be no manner of 
doubt that the Government covertly, if not openly, 
connived at this immigration, there is also every 
reason to believe that it finally assumed far greater 
proportions than were looked for in the beginning; 
and, therefore, proved far more costly than was at 
first anticipated. 

From first to last, and during every stage of its 

Arms of Frankfurt. 

344 T^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

progress, this remarkable episode proved a very 
costly affair to the BnglisH government. The 
records are still accessible, and from them the follow- 
ing statement is prepared : 

To Kocherthal and his followers, ^346.00 ; for the 
maintenance of these people at Rotterdam, and their 
transportation to England, ^6199.3.2 ; collected by 
public subscription in London, and throughout the 
country, ;^i9,838.ii.i ; cost of the Scilly Islands 
fiasco, ^1487.18.11^ ; sending the colony to Ireland 
and expenses incurred thereby, ^24,000 ; the cost of 
sending the remaining large body to New York, 
;^38,ooo ; the Secretary of the Navy also expended 
;^8,ooo in various ways ; there were besides many 
other charges for smaller amounts, which ran the 
figures up to a total of ^135,775.18. There is some 
doubt whether the entire sum voted for the settle- 
ment of the Irish colony was paid out, or the total 
allotted for the care of those sent to New York, but 
this is not material. Here we have more than a half 
a million dollars paid out, at a period when England 
was not so rich as she is now, and at a time, too, when 
she was engaged in costly foreign wars, and when 
money was worth much more than it is to-day. 
While it is perhaps true that mercenary motives may 
have had much to do with her early action, it is also 
undoubtedly true that her Government was far- 
sighted enough to understand, that the accession of 
so many of the best citizens of one of the richest 
provinces in the Old World, must have its due effect 
upon the welfare and prosperity of the colonies she 

Book About Pefinsylvania. 345. 

Curieufe M^W^^ 




|ocl)cn» America 


9luf 55egebren guterSreunbe/ 

_,bec Docgeleflte 103. ^r<t^ 

gen/ bet) fdiicr 2(l>rei6au65cinr(&* 
ICiitD nad) obigem Saa^e Anno 1700* 

evtbcUet/unbnun Anno i702ini)cn!J)rucf 

ge^cbcn worben, 


S>anicl 'galfnccn/ProfcfTorc, 

©iirgern un& 5)t!(irim allba- 

^rancf fuit unt> JS.etp}tcr / 

3m ^c (S&iuOi 1701, 

Daniel Falckner's Information Concerning Pennsylvania. 

346 The Pennsylvama-Germajt Society. 

had planted beyond the Atlantic. Nor was she mis- 
taken in this. That German immigration has con- 
tinued until this very hour, and the American conti- 
nent from ocean to ocean bears the impress of 
German thrift, culture, progress and prosperity. 

It is a wonderful story I have tried to tell. All 
history may be challenged to match it. There was 
unyielding resolution, determined perseverance, 
courage under the most adverse circumstances, a pur- 
pose that knew no shadow of turning, and a faith and 
a heroism that win our admiration and command our 
respect through all the years that have come and 
gone. These are the qualities that shine through all 
the trials and misadventures that befell these sturdy 
sons of the Fatherland. 

The silver-tipped tongue of the orator, the pencil 
of the artist and the lyre of the poet cannot 
adequately tell the tale, and while the divine hand of 
Clio shall guide the eloquent pen of history, she will 
find no theme more worthy of her mission than this 
story of our ancestors, staking their all upon an uncer- 
tain venture into the New World. Bearing aloft that 
grand motto of their race, Ohne Hast^ ohne Rast^ 
they pressed onward toward the goal of their hopes 
with the same energy, determination and unflinching 
courage with which their ancestors seventeen cen- 
turies before had defied the power of Rome, and 
hurled back the legions of Csesar. 





Prefatory Note. 

fJLt HERE are no surer nor safer guides 
i^ for the chronicler of historical events, 
than the narratives to be found in con- 
temporary records, especially when such 
records emanate from impartial sources 
and were never intended for publication. 
The carefully recorded minutes of a mu- 
nicipality or a Board of Administration 
endowed with executive functions, not 
only furnish a basis whereon the narra- 
tor may safely build, but they are at the same time certain to 
supply material not to be found elsewhere, thus becoming doubly 

The unpublished records of the city of Rotterdam, and the 
Journal of the Proceedings of the English Commissioners for 
Promoting the Trade of the Kingdom, have been some of the 
sources from which part of the facts in the preceding narrative 
have been drawn. I have therefore thought it not without 
interest, if extracts from both these sources were given in this 

350 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 

A great deal of other interesting material which could not 
properly be presented, either in the text or the notes, also ac- 
cumulated on my hands, and I have utilized it here as throwing 
further light on the story of this Exodus, 


[A translation of some of the municipal records of the city ol 
Rotterdam, and other documents, relating to the passage of the Ger- 
man emigrants through Holland, to England. From original copies 
obtained at Rotterdam and the Hague, by Julius F. Sachse, Esq., and 
now in the possession of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 
F. R. D.] 

Extract from the Resolutions and Proceedings of 
the Burgomasters of Rotterdam : 


PRIL 22, 1709, all of the Lords 
Burgomasters being present, it was 
resolved to pay over to Engel Kon 
and Samuel de Back, four hundred and 
fifty guilders, to be distributed among 
destitute families of the Lower Palatinate^ 
for their subsistence on their journey, via 
England, to Pennsylvania, and a warrant 
shall be drawn. 

April 29, 1709, all the Lords Burgo- 
masters being present, it was resolved to pay over to Peter 
Toomen, a sum of three hundred guilders, for distribution 
among destitute families, who arrived after those heretofore 

Arms of Rotterdam. 

352 The German Exodus to Englarid in lyog. 

mentioned from the Lower Palatinate, for their subsistence as 
far as Pennsylvania, and a warrant shall be drawn. 

A true copy. 

Archivist of the City of Rotterdam. 

An Extract from the Resolutions and Dispositions 
of Burgomasters : 

Rec. 3. Sheet 126, vol. 127. 

August 12, 1709, all of the Lords 


Burgomasters bemg present, Mr. 

THE PALATINATE TO GO ^ u c. u i ^ a 

J oh. bteenhak excepted. 

TO ENGLAND. ^ r ^ r 

In consequence 01 a report 01 
Hendrick Toren and Jan van Gent, concerning people from the 
Palatinate, already arrived and still to be expected, and others 
coming in great numbers from Germany, it was agreed to de- 
spatch eight notices, as follows : 

"Burgomasters and Regents of the city of Rotterdam, 
hereby give notice, as a warning to the multitude of people who 
are coming over in great crowds from Germany, with the inten- 
tion of being transported from here to England , and from there 
to Pennsylvania, and where they further may belong, that from 
exhibition of original letters and extracts and otherwise, it has 
appeared to Their Right Honorables, that Her Majesty of Great 
Britain has given orders not to send over any more of the said 
people to Her Majesty's charge, so long as those who are now 
in England have not been disposed of further. Their High 
Honorables give notice that Hendrick Toom and Jan van Gent, 
out of Christian charity and compassion, have taken pains, by 
order of her said Majesty, to provide for transportation and 
other necessities : that they are men of honor and perfect trust- 
worthiness, and especially that in this case they have been 
requested and authorized, as they are again requested and 
authorized by these presents, to give and cause to be 
given notice hereof in such manner as they shall judge 

Appendix A. 353 

can properly and most effectually be done, to these of the 
Palatinate and others, who for the said purpose might intend to 
come over from Germany, thus preventing the said people from 
making a fruitless voyage to Holland. In witness whereof we 
have had some copies of these presents made and affixed there- 
to the seal of this city, and the signature of our Clerk, this 12 
of August, 1709. 

Note : August 24th, 1709. Present, the Lords Mar. 
Grolmna and Ads. Boosemele to the said Toom and Van Gent, 
who for eight days have been about with two yachts, one on the 
river Waal and the other on the river Maas, the sum of three 
hundred and fifty guilders is appropriated for their expenses, by 
ordinance of Burgomasters, as through the precaution taken by 
them, probably a thousand people who were on the road have 
gone back, so that according to all appearances those poor people 
shall be gotten rid of And further the said Toom and Van 
Gent have been requested to take pains to travel up stream them- 
selves in order to intercept those coming off with promise of 
indemnification of expenses in this case to be disbursed. 

Extract from a letter sent to the Burgomasters of 
Rotterdam, by the Burgomasters and Regents of the 
city of Brielle. Pages 1707-1713, vol. 23. 

Right Honorable Lords. 

Among the people from the Palatinate, as well as from 
Hesse and other German quarters who have come down and are 
here lying in vessels at the pier, there are a great number who 
have not sufficient vituals to pursue their journey and many of 
whom are coming daily asking about their support, which for 
our small city is impossible, the poor pence being exhausted by 
the long continued support of soldiers' wives and children, 
whose husbands and fathers are in Spain ; wherefore we pray 
your right Honorables to have the goodness to relieve the 

354 'The German Exodus to England in I'/og. 

poverty of these indig-ent and suffering people, and to assist 
them, as we are unable to do so alone, and otherwise, in case of 
continuation, we would be obliged to send them back in boats to 
Rotterdam. We shall therefore hope that out of consideration 
your Right Honorables will not let them die of hunger and 
thirst, but lend a helping hand that these poor people may 
accomplish their intended journey. 

Wherewith Right Honorable Lords we commend your 
Right Honorables to God's protection and remain 

Your Right Honorables good friends 

Burgomaster and Regents 

of the city of Brielle. 

By order of the same. 

P. D. Jagen. 
Brielle, Aug. 24, 1709. 

An extract from letter book No. 10 of the Burgo- 
masters of Rotterdam : 

GENTS OF THE City of Brielle. 

We can easily understand that your very Honorable City 
has to have much annoyance from people coming from Germany, 
but your very Honorables can also perceive therefrom how 
much greater the annoyance in this matter has been and still is 
for our city (even in proportion to the difference in population 
of both cities) for here has been and still is the first arrival, and 
it is here that orders, ships, convoy, wind and what not is 
waited for. The charity of our inhabitants towards these people 
is uncommon indeed, which certainly must reflect seriously on 
our own poor. Ne\'ertheless, we have been obliged from time 
to time, to assist from the city treasury, so as to prevent cala- 
mities which might arise from the utter indigency of so large a 
crowd of people ; anci besides many sick and feble ones are in 
our city who remain to our charge. From all of which your 
Very Honorables will please pay some attention to it. We 

Appendix A, 355 

trust that -your ver)' Honorables shall reach the conclusion that 
in the whole country there is no city or place where the burden 
might be dischargied with less reason than upon our city. 

Moreover, diese poor people have not the slightest relation 
to us whatever : wherefore we also have such complete confi- 
dence in your very Honorable's equity, that the same shall 
desist fi-om ihe measures mentioned in their letter of the 24th,, 
namely, the request of our assistance and much more, the send- 
ing of these poor people to our city. From the beginning we 
have applied all possible means on the one hand to transport 
those who had already arrived, in the quickest way possible, to 
England, and on the other hand to direct new arrivals as much 
as possible, both of which precautions have not only cost us 
much trouble but also much money, and we have especially at 
our expense, sent two merchants in two yachts up the rivers 
Waal and Teck which has had such effect that at least a thou- 
sand people have been diverted and that by their example 
others will likely change their mind. Without these precau- 
tions the hardships to your Honorable city would certainly have 
been much greater. If your Honorables wish to come and 
counsel with us about these measures, or about seeking help 
from the Government, we on our side will be prepared therefor, 
and we also will instruct on this subject, the Lords Deputies of 
this city to the assembly of their High Mightinesses. There- 
with, very Honorable Lords, we recommend you to God's 
merciful protection. 

Written at Rotterdam, this 26th of August, 1709. Your 
very Honorables' good friends, the 

Burgomasters and Regents 

of the city of Rotterdam. 

Extract from the record of resolutions of the 
States General of the United Netherlands, 1709, vol. 
2, fol. 348. 

Monday, Sept. 16, 1709. 
President, Lord Hocut. Present, Lord Van Welderen, 

35^ TJie German Exodus to E^igland in ijog. 

Van Oldersom, Pols, Van Essen, Niu Winckel, Menthen Hain, 
■and the Extraordinary Deputy from the Province of Gelderland 
Hegcoop, Groenewegen, Van Waters, Van Dorp, Velders, 
Woorthey, Degm, Meerens, Grand Pensionary Heinsius, 
Harinxmotoe, Staten and Du Four. 

The resolutions taken on the day before yesterday were 
called up. To the assembly was read a memorandum from 
Secretary Dayrolles, requesting that it may please their High 
Mightinesses to order the college of the Admiralty at Rotter- 
dam, not to allow any more German families to be transported to 
England. The said memorandum to be inserted here, reading 
as follows : 

"Whereupon, after deliberation, it has been decided to reply 
to the said Dayrolles that their High Mightinesses cannot prevent 
those families of the Palatines who already are in this country in 
order to cross over to England, from being taken thither, but 
that the Ministers at Cologne and Frankford shall be ordered 
to warn the people over there not to come this way for that 
purpose. And a copy of the aforesaid memorandum shall be 

It affords me no little satisfaction that I am enabled to present a 
picture of the great gateway and wharf in Rotterdam, known as the 
HooFD Poet, through which all these emigrants were compelled to 
pass, and from which, not only these Palatines, but the many thousands 
more who followed them into the New World, took shipping. 

Situated on both sides of the river Maas, 19 miles from its mouth, and 
45 miles from Amsterdam, Rotterdam has for centuries been one of the 
important seaports of Europe. The Rhine, of which the Maas is one 
of the outlets, gave Rotterdam easy water communication with many 
important German provinces, and the cantons of Switzerland, and it 
was at once the most direct as well as natural outlet to the sea, of all the 
emigrants from that quarter. Even at the present time, from 5000 to 
20,000 persons sail annually from its wharfs to this country. For many 
■decades most of the German emigrants took ship at Rotterdam, stopp- 
ing, however at the little seaport of Cowes, on the isle of Wight, before 
finally setting sail for America. 

This cut was made from an old, and very rare print in the possession 
•of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, which has courteously per- 
mitted me to have a fac-simile taken. 

2 a: 

m O 

n. _^ 

3 m 

Appendix A. 357 

sent to the Presidents, Bilderheecks and Spina and they shall be 
directed that in case they should learn that more families from 
the Palatinate or elsewhere intend to come hither in order to 
cross over to England, to warn the same by such means as 
shall be deemed fittest, that they shall not be transported thither 
nor admitted into this country." 

High Mighty Lords. 

My Lords : I have had the honor the day before yesterday, 
to receive your High Mightinesses letter of the i6th inst, with a 
resolution of the same date attached, taken in pursuance of a 
memorandum of Secretary Dayrolles. In accordance with the 
order contained in said resolution, I shall by the fullest means 
cause all such people who I may learn will go from the Palati- 
nate, or elsewhere, to Holland, in order to cross over to Eng- 
land, to be warned that they cannot be transported to England 
nor admitted in your High Mightinesses' country. 
Tuesday last. 

High Mighty Lords 

Your High Mightinesses 

obedient and faithful servant, 

H. Van Bilderheecks. 
Cologne, Sep. 24, 1709. 

High Mighty Lords. 

My Lords ; Your High Mightinesses letter and resolution 
to the memorandum of the Secretary of Her Royal Majesty of 
Great Britain, taken on the i6th inst., I have with most hum- 
ble respect duly received by the last mail. I shall not fail to 
comply therewith and by all fitting means warn such people as 
intend to go down stream. 

But inasmuch as many Dutch Sailors some time since 
passed though this city to go down stream, who were deprived 

358 The Germa7i Exodus to England in ijog. 

of everthing and the means which your High Mightinesses are 
wont to allow to their Ministers for the assistance of destitute 
ordinary travellers have been exhausted, I do not doubt but 
your High Mightinesses will have favorably reflected upon my 
proposition respectfully made to your High Mightinesses Clerk 
on the 8th inst. and honor me with their resolution, in order that 
these destitute people may not be left in need, in the severe 
winter season. 

High Mighty Lords 

Your High Mightinesses most humble 
and most faithful servant, 

P. DE Spina, 
Of Margroche. 
Frankfort, Sept. 26, 1709. 


EVERAL years 
ago a number of 
the friends of 
the Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society raised 
a large sum of money, 
— $10,000 I believe — 
to have transcribed 
for the use of the 
Society, the com- 
plete manuscript min- 
utes of the Public 
Record Ofhce of Eng- 
land. These when 
completed will per- 
haps reach one hundred large volumes. 

Fortunately for my purposes, the volumes covering the year 
1709, reached this country while I was engaged in the prepara- 
tion of this paper, and through the courtesy of Dr. Frederick 
D. Stone, the Society Librarian, they were placed at my service. 
Being the daily records of the Board, their accuracy is unim- 
peachable, and they have enabled me to correct inaccuracies in 
some of the other contemporary authorities I have consulted. 
The foUowino- extracts will seem to show how embarassino- this 

Arms of Great Britain. 

360 The Germmi Exodus to England in lyog. 

German immigration was to the English Government, and also 
the many schemes that were proposed to shake off the burden. 

[F. R. D.] 

Journal of tlie Proceedings of lier Majesty's Com- 
missioners for Promoting the trade of this Kingdom ^ 
and for inspecting and improving her Plantations in 
America and elsewhere. 

(vol. 21) Whitehall, May the 4th, 1709. 

At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

Present : 
Earl of Stamford. Mr. Pulteney. 

Sr. Ph. Meadows. Mr. Moncton. 

A letter from the Earl of Sunderland of Yesterday's Date, 
signifying that some hundreds of poor German Protestants are 
lately come, and that more are coming from the Palatinate to 
this Kingdom, and directing this Board to consider of a method 
for settling the said Germans in some part of this Kingdom, 
was read. Whereupon ordered that some of the Lutheran 
ministers in the Savoy have notice to attend the Board to- 
morrow morning. 

Whitehall, May 5th, 1709. 
Present : 
Earl of Stamford. Mr. Pulteney. 

Sr. Ph. Meadows. Mr. Moncton. 

One of the Lutheran Ministers attending as directed yester- 
day, and being asked several questions in relation to poor 
German Protestants Mentioned in Yesterday's Minutes, He 
said that 300 men, women and children were already come over. 
That most of them were husbandmen and some few joyners and 
carpenters : that they are poor and have nothing to subsist on 

Appendix B. 361 

but what is given them in Charity, and are therefore threatened 
to be turned out of the house they are Lodged in ; he added 
that there were 700 more of the said Poor Germans now at 
Rotterdam, who are expected over. And he promised to make 
a further Enquiry into the Circumstances of these Poor People 
and give their Lordships an answer thereof, in Writing as soon 
as Possible. 

On May 6th, another letter from the Earl of Sunderland 
asking the Board to make full inquiry and directions given to 
write to the Lutheran Minister in the Savoy. 

Whitehall, May 12th, 1709. 
At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and 

Present : 

Earl of Stamford. Mr. Meadows. 

Mr. Moncton. 

Monsieur Tribekko and Monsieur Ruperti, two of the Luth- 
eran Ministers here, attending in relation to the Poor German 
Protestants, lately come from the Palatinate, mentioned in the 
minutes of the 5th instant. They presented to their Lordships, 
Memorials setting forth the Calamitous condition of these poor 
People, together with an account of their number. Amounting 
in all to S52 persons, men, women and children ; their several 
Trades and Occupations, which were read. And these gentle- 
men being asked several questions thereupon, they said that 
several of them had died of want since their coming over. 
That they had no subsistence left. That they could not speak 
English, and that therefore none of them had as yet got any 
business or employment here, but possibly might do it in some 
time when they had learned the Language. Then being asked 
further what allowance they thought would be necessary for their 
present support until some provision could be otherwise made 
for them. They said they could not readily tell. But would 
withdraw and as near as Possible make a Calculation thereof; 

362 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 

and having done the same, they returned and proposed that 
sixteen pounds per day might be allowed the said 852 Persons 
for their present support and subsistence : Whereupon a letter 
to the Earl of Sunderland, signifying the same to his Lordship 
was drawn up and signed. 

Whitehall, May the i6th, 1709. 
At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations : 

Present : 

Earl of Stamford. Sr. Ph. Meadows. 

Mr. Moncton. 

Mr. Ludolph and Justice Chamberlain attending, presented 
to their Lordships a Memorial, setting forth the reason of the 
Poor German Protestants coming over to this Kingdom, from 
the Palatinate, which being read, was returned to them again. 

Whitehall, May 17th, 1709. 
At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

Present : 

Earl of Stamford. Sr. Ph. Meadows. 

Mr. Moncton. 

A letter from the Earl of Sunderland of the 15th Instant (in 
answer to one writ to him on the 12th ditto) Signifying that 
Her Majesty had given orders for supplying the poor Germans 
as had been proposed in the said Letter, till they could be other- 
wise provided for, and that her Majesty was desirous to have 
the opinion of this Board how such Provision might be made 
for those Poor people &c was read. Whereupon their Lord- 
ships taking the same into consideration, and finding great diffi- 
culty in proposing a method to imploy them in such Manner as 
they may be able to support themselves here. A Letter to the 

Appendix B. 363 

Earl of Sunderland acquainting his Lordship therewith and 
desiring that he would give the Board an opportunity of Con- 
ferring with him on that Affair was signed. 

Ordered that Mr. Tribekko and Mr. Ruperti, two of the 
Lutheran Ministers as likewise Mr. Chamberlain and Mr. 
Ludolph have notice to attend the Board to-morrow morning. 

On the following day, May 18, Mr. Tribekko and Mr. Ruperti 
appeared before the Board. They said that the Tradesmen 
among them were able to work if they could but find employ- 
ment. That the Husbandmen might also be provided for if they 
could but procure work. They believed all who were not sick 
were capable of working, but the Women and Children could 
do little else but Spin and Knit. Many of them were from the 
same county as those who had gone to New York, and were 
anxious to go there. ^ 

At a meeting held on the 21st, Mr. Tribekko presented a 
list of such as could work. He said 200 of the men (most of 
them married > were able and fit to work and get a maintenance ; 
that a Tailor and joiner had got into business ; that 100 w^omen 
could knit and spin and get a livelihood in that way. As to the 
rest, they were able to do but little, some being old and infirm ; 
that they were now in pretty good condition, better accommo- 
dated than before. 

On May 23, a list of the sick w^as presented to the Board. 
They (the Ministers) also gave the Board the unpleasant infor- 
mation that 1300 more of these Germans were come to the 
country but were still on shipboard, as no place could be found 
to lodge them. They also informed their Lordships that Her 
Majesty had been pleased to allow the first 852, ^20 per day 
instead of ^16. 

1 This allusion evidently refers to the colony led to New York in the 
previous year by Joshua von Kocherthal. 

364 The German Exodus to England in ijog. 

At a meeting of the Board on May 23, a memorial was pre- 
sented from the United Governors, Assistants and Society of 
London for Mines Royal and Bailey Works, proposing the em- 
ployment of such of the poor Germans as are strong and able 
to labor in the Silver and Copper mines at Penlyn and 

Whitehall, May 24th, 1709. 

At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade 

and Plantations. 

Present : 

Earl of Stamford. Sr. Ph. Meadows. 

Lord Dartmouth. Mr. Moncton. 

A letter from Mr. Taylor inclosing a memorial relating to 
the Arrival of 1 100 more German Protestants from the Palati- 
nate, and that 600 more of them lie at Rotterdam for passage, 
signifying my Lord Treasurer's desire to know from this Board 
what is absolutely necessary as well for the iioo already arrived 
as the 600 expected from Rotterdam, and how they may most 
properly be disposed of was read and directions given for 
Writing an Answer thereto. 

Mr. Treke and Mr. Chamberlain attending in relation to 
the Said Poor People, they acquainted their Lordships that they 
were still on Shipboard at Woolwich, by reason they had no 
places provided for them to lodge in. That if tents could be 
procured, they would take care to Separate the said Germans 
and place some of them at Greenwich, Lambeth, Fulham and 
elsewhere, until they could find out work for them, which they 
hoped to do in a short time. Then being asked if the Rope- 
yard at Greenwich Should be repaired and fitted up, whether 
the same would not be convenient for their Accommodation for 
the present, till they should be otherwise taken care of. They 
said that the said Ropeyard would be very convenient for a great 
part of them. Whereupon these Gentlemen were told that 
their Lordships would give Directions for Writing this Morning 
to my Lord Treasurer to acquaint him herewith. 

Appendix B. 365 

May 25, Mr. Tribekko presented a new list to the Board, 
containing the names of such as were able to work, and such as 
were not either from Age or Sickness. It contained only 806 
names. He said five or six and twenty have died since their 
arrival. He proposed that ^100 should be laid out for flax, 
iron and steel that the women might be set to spinning and the 
men employed in making tools for husbandry. 

On May 30, the Board instructed the Solicitor General to 
advise them whether Her Majesty had the right and power to 
grant parcels of land in her Forests, Chases and Waters in 
order to convert them to tillage, and also what Security Her 
Majesty may give to indemnify Parishes for introducing poor 
families among them. 

On June 3, Inquiry was made as to the character of the So- 
ciety of London for Royal Mines. 

Whitehall, June 7th, 1709. 
At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 


Lord Dartmouth. Sr. Ph. Meadows. 

Mr. Moncton. 

Mr. Tribekko attending informed their Lordships that 2000 
more Poor People were Arrived from the Palatinate in Germany, 
whereupon he was acquainted that it would be proper for him to 
present a memorial thereof to a Secretary ot State, which he 
Promised to do accordingly. 

Dr. Stringer attended and informed the Lords that the 
Society (of London lor Mines Royal) was incorporated by 
Queen Elizabeth in the loth year of her reign. He was 
requested to produce the seal of incorporation. 

Whitehall, June 15th, 1709. 
At a meeting of Her Majesty's Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

366 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 

Present : 

Lord Dartmouth. Sr. Ph. Meadows. 

Mr. Moncton. 

The proposal of Lord Chamberlain for settling some of the 
Palatines in Staffordshire and Gloucestershire was considered. 
He had great parcels of land in these counties which were waste 
of which he could grant to each family a sufficient amount for 
the term of three years, they paying a penny an acre. That 
he would at once take 20 or 25 families. That they should 
have timber and lime with the lands for building, but he hoped 
the Queen would be at the charge of erecting the cottages and 
subsist them until they were in a condition to help themselves. 

On the 21 fresh proposals were considered from Lord 
Chamberlain. They declined his offer and said to accept of it 
and settle all the Germans would cost ^150.000. That the 
idea was not to put them on a better footing than British subjects, 
but merely to aid them until they could help themselves. These 
Settlers would benefit his Lordship's estate, as he could retain 
them as tenants. Her Majesty could only be at the charge of 
conveying them there. 

On June 23, Mr. Tribekko presented a memorial to the 
Board that there had been a great increase in the number of 
the Palatines, and they could not be taken care of without 
greater assistance, and asking for the same. 

A memorial was also read from Dr. Stringer and others 
about employing the Palatines in some mines in Wales and else- 

A warrant from her Majesty dated June 4, 1709, calling for 
£2\ daily to the Germans was over and above the ;^i6 per day, 
was read. Also another of the 14th calling for the payment of 
^40 daily. 

A proposal was made to settle 200 families in the island ot 
Jamaica, but the planters objected, as they were required to send 
some of their negroes to make a preparatory settlement for the 

Appendix B. 


On August 8th, the Board discussed the speedy settlement 
of the Palatines so as to put an end to the heavy expense of 
their subsistence. It was resolved to give special encourage- 
ment to persons and parishes as should be willing to receive any 
of these poor Palatines. It was agreed to allow each parish ^5 
per head for such care, the Queen to be at the charge of sending 
them to their respective places. 

On August 17th, Colonel Laws advocated before the Board, 
the sending of a colony of Germans to Jamaica. There were, 
he said, 40,000 negroes there and not above 2,500 whites. 
There was much unsettled land, enough for 50,000 families. 

This Jamaica Settlement was discussed at almost every 
meeting of the Board but nothing ever came of it. 

Lord Carbury also had great tracts of lands on which he 
offered to colonize some of the Germans, but he asked ^5 per 
acre which was deemed excessive. Later however, he made 
a more liberal offer which was discussed at further meetings of 
the Board, but there is no record that any ultimate arrangement 
of this kind was made with him.- 

^ Records of the Board of Trade. 


A Brief for the Collection of Money Asked for, and 
Granted by the Queen. 


^JLi HE Humble Petition of 
f^ your Majesties, Justices 
of Peace for the County 
of Middlesex, held at Hick's 
Hall, June 7, 1709 

That being inform' d that 
several Thousand Germans 
of the Protestant Religion, 
oppressed by Exactions 01 
the French in their own 
Country, have fled for Refuge into this your Majesty's Kingdom 
of Great Britain ; who must have perished, had not your 
Majestic' s Generous and Seasonable Bounty subsisted them ; 
and being sensible that they labor still under great Wants, and 
stand in need of farther Relief for their Subsistence, do therefore 
crave leave to offer your Majesty our Humble Opinion, That a 

Arms of Chur-Sachsen. 

Appendix C. 369 

Brief for the Collection of the Charity of all well disposed Per- 
sons, in all Churches and Meetings, and otherwise within this 
County, as soon as your Majesty shall think fit to grant it ; will 
be effectual to Raise a considerable Sum for their present Relief 
All of which we Humbly submit to your Majesties great Wis- 
dom ; and we shall, as in Duty bound, ever Pray. 

At the Court of St. James's, June 16, 1709. Present 
THE Queen's Most Excellent Majesty in Council. 

Upon Reading this Day at the Board the Humble Petition 
of the Justices of Peace for the County of Middlesex, at the 
general Sessions of Peace for the said County ; representing to 
her Majesty, the great Wants and Necessities of several Thou- 
sand Germans of the Protestant Religion, who being oppressed 
by the Exactions of the Freyich in their own Country, have fled 
for Refuge into this Kingdom, and must have perished, had not 
her Majesty's Generous and Seasonable Bounty reliev'd them : 
And humbly offering that for their further Relief and subsis- 
tence, a Brief may be Issued for the Collection of the Charity 
of well disposed Persons within the said County. Her Majesty 
out of her tender Regard and Compassion to these Poor People, 
is pleased to condescend thereunto, and to order that the Right 
Honorable, the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain do cause 
Letters Patents to be prepared, and passed under the Great 
Seal for that Purpose, &c. 

Accordingly, a Brief has been Granted by Her Majesty for 
the Relief, Subsistence and Setdement of the Poor Distressed 
Palatines, to this Effect. 


Whereas by reason of the many great Hardships and 
Oppressions which the People of the Palatinate, near the Rhine, 
in Germany, (more especially the Protestants) have sustained 
and lain under for several Years past, by the frequent Invasions 
and repeated Inroads of the French, (whereby more than Two 

370 The German E.xodus to England in i/og. 

Thousand of their greatest Cities, Market Towns and Villages) 
have been burnt down to the Ground ; as Heidelburg. Manheim, 
Worms, Spire, Frankendale, and other Towns ; and great 
Numbers have perished in Woods, and Caves, by Hunger, Cold 
and Nakedness, Several Thousands have been forced to leave 
their Native Country, and seek Refuge in other Nations ; and 
of them near Eight Thousand Men, Women and Children, are 
come, and are now in and near the City of London, in a very 
poor and miserable Condition. And whereas it hath been 
humbly Represented unto us, as well by an Address of our 
Justices of the Peace for the County of Middlesex, at their 
General Session of the Peace, held at Hick's Hall as by others 
(of) our Loving Subjects, on the behalf of the said Poor 
Palatines : That Notwithstanding our Bounty allowed to them, 
without which they must have perished ; yet they still labor 
under great wants, and stand in need of further Relief for their 
Subsistence and Settlement, in such manner that they may not 
only support themselves, but be rendered capable of Advancing 
the Wealth and Strength of our Nation, in regard they are 
naturally of a strong, healthful Constitution, inur'd to Labor 
and Industry, and great part of them to Husbandry ; therefore 
the said Justices, and our other Loving Subjects, on behalf of 
the said Poor Distressed Palatines, have humbly besought us to 
Grant unto the said Poor Palatines, our Gracious Letters 
Patents, License and Protection, under our Great Seal of Great 
Britain, to impower them to Ask, Collect and Receive, the 
Alms and Benevolence of all our Loving Subjects, throughout 
that part of our Kingdom of Great Britain called England, 
Dominion of Wales and Town of Berwick upon Tweed, 
UNTO which humble Request we have Graciously conde- 
scended, not doubting but when these Presents shall be made 
known unto our Loving Subjects, they will readily and cheer- 
fully contribute to the Relief and Support of the said poor 
Distressed Palatines : considering them as Brethren, and Sym- 
pathizing with them in this their Miserable State and Condi- 

Appendix C. -lyj 

KNOW YE THEREFORE, that of our Special Grace 
and Princely Compassion, we have Given and Granted to the 
said poor Palatines, and to their Deputy or Deputies, the 
Bearer and Bearers thereof : full Power, License and authority 
to Ask, Collect and Receive the Alms and Charitable Benevo- 
lence of our Loving Subjects ; Not only Householders, but also 
Servants, Strangers, Lodgers, and others in all the Cities, 
Towns, Villages, &c., In our kingdom of England, &c. We 
likewise purposing to cause the like License and Authority to- 
be granted in Relation to our Loving Subjects in Scotland. 
And we do require all Parsons, Vicars, Curates, Teachers and 
Preachers of every Separate Congregation, to read the said 
Brief in their Several Churches and Congregations, and 
earnestly to exhort their Auditors to a liberal Contribution ot 
their Charity to the said Poor Palatines : and that the Minister 
and Church Warden of every Parish, shall go from House to 
House to Ask and Receive from their Parishioners their Christ- 
ian and Charitable Contributions. 

And we do hereby Authorize and Appoint the Lord 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord High Chancellor, Lord 
High Treasurer, &c. (with a great number of our Lords Spirit- 
ual and Temporal, Knights, Gendemen, &c.,) To be Trustees 
and Receivers of the said Charity, &c. And to dispose and 
Distribute the Money which shall be Collected, in such manner as 
shall be found Necessary and Convenient for the better Employ- 
ment and Settlement of the said Poor Palatines, by makino- 
Contracts in their behalf or by any other Lawful Means and 
Ways whatsoever, &c. 

In Pursuance of this Brief the Following Order was Pub- 

White Hall, July 20th, 1709. 
By Order of the Right Honorable, the Lords and others, 
her Majesties Commissioners for Receiving and Disposino- of 
the Money to be Collected for the Subsistence and Setdement of 
the poor Palatines : Notice is hereby given, that they will hold 
their General Meeting at Doctors Commons every Wednesday 

372 The German Exodus to England in ijog. 

at Four in the Afternoon. Notice is hereby likewise given, that 
the said Commissioners are come to a Resolution for disposing 
and settling as many of the said Palatines as conveniently they 
can, in North Britain and Ireland, and the Plantations, and that 
they will at their Committee receive Proposals in order there- 

Notice is likewise given, that any Masters of Ships, Trad- 
ing in the coal, or other Coast Trade, are at liberty to employ 
such of the said Palatines, as are willing to serve them on Board 
such ships ; and that such Masters may apply themselves to a 
Person Appointed to attend at the several Places where the said 
Palatines now are for that Purpose.^ 

The Persons appointed Commissioners and Trustees by the 
said Letters Patent, were : 

The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. 
Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain. 
John, Lord Somers, Lord President of the Council. 
John, Duke of Newcastle, Lord Privy Seal. 
William, Duke of Devonshire, Steward of the Household. 
Charles, Duke of Somerset, Master of the Horse. 
James, Duke of Ormund. 
Wriothesly, Duke of Bedford. 
John, Duke of Buckingham and Normandy. 
James, Duke of Queensbury and Dover, Secretary of State. 
Henry, Marquis of Kent, Chamberlain of the Household. 
Evelyn, Marquis of Dorchester. 

Thomas, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, Lord High 
Admiral of Great Britain. 
James, Earl of Derby. 
Thomas, Earl of Stamford. 

» State of the Palatines. 



Appendix C. 373 

Charles, Earl of Sunderland, Secretary of State. 
Lawrence, Earl of Rochester. 
Henry, Lord Bishop of London. 
Thomas, Lord Bishop of Rochester. 
Jonathan, Lord Bishop of Winchester. 
John, Lord Bishop of Ely. 
William, Lord Bishop of Lincoln. 
William, Lord Dartmouth. 
Charles, Lord Halifax. 

The Right Honorable Mr. Secretary Boyle. 
James Vernon, Esq. 
Lord Chief Justice Holt. 
Sir John Trevor, Master of the Rolls. 
Lord Chief Justice Trevor. 
Sir Charles Hedges. 

John Smith, Esq., Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Sir James Montague, Knight, Attorney General. 
Robert Eyre, Esq., Solicitor General. 

The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, Recorder, and Sheriffs of the 
city of London. 

The Honorable Spencer Compton, Esq. 

The Honorable George Watson, Esq. 

Sir Matthew Dudley. 

Sir John Bucknall. 

Sir John Stanley. 

Sir Henry Furnace. 

Sir John Phillips, Bart. 

Sir Alexander Cairns, Bart. 

Sir Theodore Janssen. 

Sir James CoUett. 

Sir Edmund Harrison. 

Sir William Scawen, Knight. 

Sir John Elwill, Knight. 

Dr. Willis, Dean of Lincoln. 

Dr. White Kennet, Dean of Peterborough. 

Dr. Godolphin, Dean of St. Pauls. 

374 T^^^^ Germmi Exodus to England in lyog. 

Dr. Thomas Manningham, Dean of Windsor. 
Dr. Thomas Bray. 
Dr. George SmaUridge. 
Dr. Moss. 
Dr. Bradford. 
Dr. Butler. 
Dr. Linford. 
Dr. Felling. 

The Rev. Samuel Clerk. 
Conradus Wornley. 
Ulrich Scherer. 

John Tribekko and Andrew Ruperty, Clerks. 
Samuel Travers, Esq., Surveyor General. 
John Plumer. 
John Shute. 
Joseph Offley. 
Richard Walaston. 
David Hexsteter. 
John Ward. 
Henry Cornish. 
Nathaniel Gould. 
Justus Beck. 
John Dolben. 
Richard Marten. 
Arthur Bailey. 
Micaija Perry. 
Henry Martin. 
William Dudley. 
George Townsend. 
Thomas Railton. 
Ralph Bucknal. 
John Chamberlayne. 
William Dawson, Esq. 
Francis Eyles, Esq. 
Frederick Slare, Doctor of Physic. 
James Keith, Doctor of Physic. 

Appendix C. 375 

Thomas Smith, Esq. 
Robert Hales. 
Henry William Ludolph. 
Robert de Neuvillic. 
Peter Foy. 
William Falkener. 
Henry Hoar. 
Walter Cock, Gent. 
Jonathan James, Gent.^ 

Palatine Refugees in England, pp. 35-36. 


[The passage of a Naturalization act by Great Britain early in the 
Spring of 1709, was not lost upon Holland. That country had been 
benefitted to an almost inconceivable degree by the Huguenot refugees 
who were driven out of France by the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes, many of whom had settled themselves in the Low Countries. 
When, therefore, Holland again saw these thousands of industrious men, 
farmers and handicraftmen, invited to become citizens of Great Britain, 
she also passed a naturalization act in the hope they might be induced 
to tarry in the Netherlands. The following is the proclamation which 
was issued on June 24, 1709, by the States of Holland and West Fries- 
land, for the general naturalization of Protestants. F. R. D.] 


Arms of Amsterdam. 

fJLt HE States of Holland and West 
^^ Friesland, to all who shall hear and 
see these Presents, Greeting : We 
make it known that having taken into 
consideration that the Grandeur and Pros- 
perity of a country does not in general 
consist of the Multitude of Inhabitants 
and that in particular this Prince is in- 
creased in Power and Riches by the Con- 
course of unhappy and dispersed Persons, 

« ■-? 1 — r&fw Mm 



Appendix D. 377 

who being driven from their own Country for the Profession of 
the True Reformed Rehgion, or other oppressions, have taken 
sanctity in this Province, and have a long time since contributed 
to the increase of Trade and Pubhc Wealth. That beside the 
Refugees, who left France upon account of their Religion and 
have already lived a considerable time in this Country, have 
rendered themselves worthy of the favorable attention of the 
Regency for their Persons and Families, and consequently 
ought to enjoy their General Protection as the other Inhabi- 

For these causes We have thought fit to Order and Decree 
as we Order and Decree by these Presents, that all persons who 
have withdrawn themselves out of the Kindgom of France, or 
other Countries, for the Profession of the true Reformed Re- 
ligion, and have taken Sanctuary in this Province of Holland 
and West Friesland, and settled themselves therein, and like- 
wise the Children of the said persons whom they brought with 
them, or were born in the Said Province, as also all other such 
Refugees, who for the future shall either directly out of France 
or other Countries, take Refuge in this Province and close 
their Abode therein shall be received and acknowledged, as we 
do receive and acknowledge them by these Presents, for our 
Subjects, and Natives of our country of Holland and West 
Friesland, and by virtue thereof shall enjoy for the future 
Privilege and Prerogatives that our other Natural Born Subjects 
enjoy, as such of them belonging ; and that in consequence 
thereof they shall enjoy the Rights of Naturalization according 
to the Resolution bearing the date of Sept. 25, 1670. That 
therefore all these who will take the Benefit of this our Favor 
shall apply personally to the President or Commissioner of the 
Court ; under whose jurisdiction they are, or to Magistrates or 
Town Balififs and Judges of Villages where they are settled, or 
intend to chose their Abode, who after a short Examination, to 
know whether the Said Persons are truly Refugees, as afore- 
said, shall Register their Names, that the same may appear 
forever. And that this may be known to everybody, we 

378 The Ge?'man Exodus to England in lyog. 

require these presents to be Published and Affixed and Executed 
in the usual manner. 

Done at the Hague, July 18, 1709. 

Simon Van Beaumont. 





[Few names are more familiar to persons of average culture than The 
Palatinate, used in a geographical sense. Every one of German origin 
has heard it repeated again and again as a household term, and yet how 
many, even among those who are reckoned as scholarly men know 
more about it than that it was a German province and famous for the 
sufferings of its people during the seventeenth century, as the varying 
fortunes of war made them the victims alike of victor and vanquished ? 
Inasmuch as by far the greatest number of those who went to England 
in 1709 came from the Palatinate, and as it was for more than half a 
century afterward one of the main sources of the German emigration to 
Pennsylvania, a more general account of this historic land will not be 
inappropriate here. F. R. D.] 


Arms of the Chur-Pfaltz. 

HE two territorial divi- 
sions known as the Upper 
and Lower Palatinate, 
had a separate existence as 
early as the nth century. At 
that time they, along with the 
duchy of Souabia, the duchy 
of Franconia, the palatinate of 
Burgundy west of Mount 
Jura, the province of Egra 
and other fiefs in Svv'itzerland, 

380 The German Exodus to England in ijog. 

the Tyrol and elsewhere, composed the possessions of the 
imperial dynasty of Hohenstaufen, which took its name from a 
high conical mountain — der hohe Staufen — in the valley ot the 
Rems, in Soubia. There Frederick of Biiren, the founder of 
the family, had built a mighty castle, the home of his chivalrous 
race. He married Agnes, daughter of Henry IV, Emperor of 
Germany, and she brought him the duchy of Soubia as a dower. 
For nearly 200 years the Hohenstaufens held sway. The last 
of the name, Conradin, wasted his heritage in his Italian cam- 
paigns and perished on the scaffold at Naples in 1268. The 
duchy of Franconia was dismembered. This Palatinate which 
formed a part of it fell into the hands of new owners. 

The Palatinate comprised two separate provinces, which 
were divided from each other by the secular and ecclesiastical 
state of Franconia. First was the Palatinate on the Rhine, or 
Lower Palatinate — Pfalz ain Rhein — situated on both sides of 
that River, and bounded by Wiirtemburg, Baden, Alsace, 
Lorraine, Treves and Hesse. It contained 2288 square miles 
and to-day contains about 700,000 inhabitants. The Upper 
Palatinate, or Ober- Pfalz on the east was surrounded by 
Bohemia, Bavaria and Nurnburg. The Upper Palatinate con- 
tains 3845 square miles and about 550,000 souls. 

The Emperor Frederick II gave the Palatinate to Louis of 
Bavaria and it remained a part of that country until 1329, when 
the Emperor Louis IV in the treaty of Pavia conferred it on the 
sons and relatives of his brother. The Electoral dignity was 
alternately exercised by the Duke oi Bavaria and the holders of 
the Rheinish Palatinate, because the electoral dignity was at- 
tached to the Rhein Pfalz, whose court was invested with the 
judiciary power of the empire in case of the absence of the 
Emperor. Though divided into four lines, the Palatinate was 
nevertheless considered as a united State. These lines were as 
follows : First the Electorate on the Rhine, — Kur-Rhein. 
Second, Sulzbach, or Upper Palatinate, established by Count 
John. Third, Simmern, with the counties of Veldenz and 

Appendix E. 381 

Spa iheim, on the Rhine, north of the Electorate. Fourth, 
Mossbach, on the Neckar, in Souabia. 

In the Golden Bull issued by the Emperor Charles IV, in 
1356, all the rights and privileges which the great vassals of the 
empire had usurped, were conceded to them. The electors 
were seven in number, ranking in the following order : I. the 
Archbishop of Mayence, as Arch Chancellor of Germany, II. 
the Archbishop of Treves, as Arch Chancellor of Burgundy. 

III. the Archbishop of Cologne, as Arch Chancellor of Italy. 

IV. The King of Bohemia, as Arch Seneschal. V. the Count 
Palatine, as Arch-Sewer, VI. the Duke of Saxe Wittenberg as 
Arch Marshal, and VII. the Margrave of Brandenburg. These 
territories were considered inalienable feudal possessions of the 

Coming down to a more recent period we find the electo- 
rate in the hands of Frederick III, in 1559, who introduced 
Calvinism, and gave his protection to the Huguenots. He main- 
tained the Reformed religion with extreme severity throughout 
his electorate. Sylvan, a Socinian clergyman who would admit 
of but one person in the Godhead, was beheaded by his order 
in 1572. His son Louis, who was a zealous Lutheran, tried to 
undo all his father's work. On entering his Capital, Heidelberg, 
he ordered all of his subjects who were not Lutherans to leave 
the city. The Calvinist preachers who refused to recant, were 
expelled the country. From this time on the people of the 
Palatinate were frequently compelled to change their religion to 
comform with the tenets of the ruling princes, being success- 
ively Catholic, Calvinistic, Lutheran, Calvinistic and again 

Ludevick V lost his electorate in 1623 to his kinsman the 
Duke of Bavaria. The latter retained the Upper Palatinate and 
the electoral dignity, but in 1648 the Rheinish Palatinate was 
conveyed to Frederick's son, and the VIII. electorate created 
for him. During the war of the Spanish Succession, in 1694, 
the Elector again revived the Upper Palatinate, and all the 
ancient rights resumed again by Bavaria after the war. During 

382 The Germa7t Exodus to England in f/og. 

these numerous changes the Palatinate was cruelly desolated by 
the armies that from motives of conquest and religion overran her 
soil. In 1 801 France seized all on the west bank of the Rhine, 
and divided the remainder between Bavaria, Nassau and Hesse 
Darmstadt. In 1815 the left bank was restored to Germany, 
the greater part of the Lower Palatinate being given to Bavaria ; 
Prussia got the Rhine Province, Hesse Starkenburg and 
Rhine Hesse, while Baden received Manheim, Heidelberg and 
Mossback. '^'^ 

Official Titles of the Elector. ^ 

The Elector Palatine's titles are: By the Grace of God, Count 
Palatine of the Rhine, Arch-Treasurer and Elector of the 
Empire, Duke of Bavaria, Juliers, Cleves and Berg ; Count of 
Veldentz, Spanheim, Marck, Ravensburg and Mceurs, Lord of 
Ravenstein, &c. , &c. 

Frederick the IV marry' d Louisa Julia of Orange, had 
great quarrels with the House of Austria about Religion and 
dy'd Anno Dom 1610. His Son and Successor, Frederick the 
Vth. marry' d Elizabeth, Daughter of James the 1st, of Great 
Britain, Succeeded to his Fathers Quarrels with the House of 
Austria about Religion, and was chosen King of Bohemia ; but 
for want of being duly supported, was defeated at the Battel of 
Prague ; after which he lost both his Crown and his Dominions. 
He had Issue the illustrious Princess Sophia, born in 1630 ; 
marry' d Earliest Augustus, Duke of Hanover, who is now 
Electress Dowager, Mother to the present Elector, presumptive 
Heiress to the Crowns of Great Britain and Ireland, and as 

*• The principal authorities consulted in preparing this brief sketch 
were Koeppen's Middle Ages, Chambers Cyclopedia and MenzeVs Ger- 

^ Palatine Refugees in England, p. 21. 


^ . fi.,. .., , ^^J^ ,-0 ^J- / J fw^ ^ 





S.hjratin'"^ >57 

■ — -V-,.. 

/#.- ^"^ i 
'^^FAiZy |/S|TTELPJj|JJi! 

J& , xitr Zejt der j 

^ "^ franasbsischenlnvasioiiettl 

U^f>;' : 1674 uudl689/90 i 

'^ac.4 .^Matestab 1 : 1 8O0 oot> I 

>';]>-- ' DeuUrJxcMeilen la-l'' \ 


Map of the Palatinate at the close of the 17th Century. 

Appendix E. 383 

illustrious for her excellent Qualities, as for her high birth. '^ 
Frederick the V was succeeded by his Son, Charles Louis, who 
by the Treaty of Westphalia was restor'd to the Lower Pala- 
tinate, and the Electoral Dignity. He was a pious and learned 
Prince, and dy'd in 1680. His son Charles succeeded, was 
Elector of this Line, and dy'd without Issue in 1685. The 
present Elector is (by failure of the fore-mention' d Line) of 
the Branch of Newburgh, of the Family of Deux Fonts. The 
Majority of the People are Protestants, who have been much 
discourag'd since the Succession of the Duke of N^ewburgh, a 
Papist, to the Electorate, and by the barbarous Invasions of the 


The Poor Palatines who are the objects of our present 
Charity, inhabited latel)- a Principality in Germany called the 
Palatinate, which is divided into the Upper and Lower Palati- 
nate : the Upper belonging to the Duke of Bavaria, according 
to the Treaty of Munster and the Lower to the Count Palatine 
of the Rhine, who formerly enjoyed the whole. The Countrey 
takes its name from the Office of Count Palatine, bestowed 
by the Emperor on those who administered Justice in his Name 
to the Empire ; of which there were two, one on the Rhine, who 
had the Charge of Franconia, and the neighboring Countreys, 
and the other in Saxony and other Countreys subject to the 
Saxony law. Hence it is that the Electors of Saxony and 

, « Sophia, the granddaughter of James I, the youngest of thirteen chil- 
dren, was born on October 13, 1630. As stated above she was declared 
by Parliament to be entitled to the succession after the death of Queen 
Anne. She did not attain the crown. She died on June 8, 1714. She 
was the mother of George I, who was proclaimed King of Great 
Britain immediately upon the death of Queen Anne on August i, 1714. 
' Palatine Refugees in England, pp. 21-22. 

384 The German Exodus to England m ijog. 

the Elector Palatine or the Elector of Bavaria are Vicars 
of the Empire in their respective Provinces, when there is 
an interregnum by the Emperor's death or otherwise. At first the 
Count Valentine of the Rhine had no possessions on that River, 
but in Process of Time, got them by Marriage, Purchase or Im- 
perial Gift, and formed a very considerable Principality. In 
1576 the Elector Frederick III began to entertain many 
Protestant Families at Frankendale, who fled from the Low 
Countries. His Successors doing the like in other Towns, did 
thereby mightily enrich that Country. This Prince made his 
Revenue very considerable by taking away the Church Lands 
upon the Change of Religion ; by his Right of conducting 
Strangers whom he obliged to make use of his Guards, not only 
in his own Territories, but in the neighboring Bishopricks, and 
Earldoms, and by Toll upon Merchandize that passes his Domin- 
ions, and the Title he has to the Goods of Strangers, or of those 
who came to Settle without express leave, in the Palatinate. 

Frederick III was succeeded by his son, Lewis IV, who 
turned Protestant, and was succeeded by Frederick IV, who 
abandoned Popery. He married Louise, daughter of the Prince 
of Orange, by whom he had Frederick V, who was chosen King 
of Bohemia, but who by the loss of a great Battle at Prague, 
and the Supineness of the English Court, who ought to have 
assisted him, he marrying Elizabeth, Daughter to King James I, 
he was obliged to abandon his Countrey. He died at Mentz in 
1632, leaving him Three Sons, Charles, Lewis, Robert or Ru- 
pert, and Edward. Prince Rupert lived in England, and died 
without Legitimate Issue. Edward left Three Daughters; one 
named Sophia, married to the Duke of Hanover, and is now 
alive, and declared by act of Parliament the next Protestant 
Succession to the Crown of England, after the Decease of our 
Most Gracious Queen Anne, whom God grant long to Reign. 
Charles succeeded his Father Frederick V in the Electorate 
Palatine, and married Charlotte, Daughter of the Landgrave of 
Hesse Castle, by whom he had Charles and Elizabeth Charlott. 
She was married to the Duke of Orleans, only Brother to the 

Appendix E. 385 

present French King, (Louis XIV) in 16S7. It was reported 
at that time that King Louis having by Treaty of Marriage al- 
lowed that Princess, who was a Protestant, the Liberty to use 
her own Religion, yet when she came to the Frontiers of that 
Kingdom, on her way to Paris, to consummate her Marriage, that 
faithless King sent her a Peremptory Message that she should 
proceed no farther unless she would renounce the Protestant 
Religion. Whereupon the unhappy Prince, her Father, who 
was afraid to incur his Anger, consented thereto^ to save his 
Dominions from Destruction ; but in a Year or Two after upon 
some unjust Pretence, he sent the Dauphin, his Son, with a 
great Army into that Countrey, who ruined it in the most De- 
plorable Manner that was ever heard of 

Charles succeeded his Father in the Electorate, and William, 
Duke of Newburg, a Roman Catholic, is the present Elector 

To show how the Palatinate was overrun by the fierce 
Soldiery of different nations the following brief statement may 
be quoted : 

The City of Philipsburg, reckon' d the first in the Palatinate, 
has been taken six times ; viz. in 1633, by the Imperialists, the 
Year After by the Swedes, and in 1636, by the Imperialists, in 
1644 by the Duke d' Enghien, afterwards Prince of Conde, by 
the Germans in 1676, and by the Dauphin on his Birth Day, the 
1st of November, 1688, but was restor'd to the Empire by the 
Treaty of Ryswick.^ 

State of the Palatines, pp. 3-4. 
Palatine Refugees in England, p. 26. 


AVAIL myself of this opportu- 
nity to express my sincere thanks 
to my good friend, Hon. Samuel 
W. Pennypacker, of the Philadelphia 
Court of Common Pleas, for the loan 
of an extremely rare and most curious 
and valuable little book, published in 
1711, a fac-simile of the title-page of 
which is reproduced on page 389. 
Chapter VI of this rare volume gives 
what purports to be a detailed ac- 
count of the exact number of these 
German emigrants, their daily life in 
London and elsewhere in England, 
their places of residence, the regula- 
tions of their several camps, their 
treatment by the English Govern- 
ment and populace, the efforts to 
settle them throughout the United 
Kingdoms and elsewhere and their 
final disposition. So interesting have I found all these details that I 
have translated the entire chapter and present it herewith. 

The name of the writer of this account is, I believe, unknown ; but 
whoever he may have been, and his barbarous German does not indicate 
a man of much culture, he evidently was personally on the spot at the 

Arms of Penn, from thf First 

Provincial Currency 

Printed 1725. 

Appendix F. 387 

time, and had actual knowledge of much that he relates. There is no 
reason to doubt so much of his narrative as came under his own observa- 
tion; but my investigations among other and as I believe unquestionable 
contemporary sources of information have satisfied me that he greatly 
although unintentionally no doubt, exaggerates the number of these 
German arrivals. The amount of nioney raised by public subscrip- 
tions, and the sums appropriated from time to time from the English 
Treasury and applied to the reliet of these strangers are on record. 
It is also in evidence among how many persons these monies were 
distributed. The number does not reach one half those given by our 
author. Official documents must be given credence as against the 
statements of a narrator who presents us with his unsupported account 
only. In fact, another writer, a contemporary, whose account is printed 
in this same book and next to this account, sets down the number at 
less than one half that given in this chapter. It also is very specific, 
and pretends to give even the nationality of all these emigrants. It will 
be found in Appendix H. 

I incline to the opinion that this is the original source of the state- 
ment that these Germans in London, in 1709. numbered more than 
33,000 souls, found in Loher, Rupp, Fisher and other writers, all of 
whom have made the assertion without indicating the sources of 
their information. Loher was perhaps the first to copy it, and all 
the rest followed him blindly. This unknown writer's narrative 
is, however, the fullest and most minute of any I have found, and is 
marvelously interesting despite his uneven temper and frequent contra- 
dictory statements. I may add that I believe this is the first time this 
narrative has been given to the public in the English language. 

F. R. D. 

388 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 



N order not to detain the 
courteous reader with a 
tedious and unpleasant 
narration, I will briefly 
refer to the things which 
were done openly in Eng- 
land, before the "Praeludia," 
before the arrival of the 
Germans in 1708, on Black- 
heath. On the 24-25-26-27 
and 28 days of July, 1708, 
not only in the gloomy 
night, but also in broad 
daylight, many things were 
witnessed by all four camps 
whereon the following year, the Germans camped on the Black 
Head or "Blackheath," namely upon the Ritter-Kamm, and in 
the "Camberwell," and in the Middle camp, just like a well 
laid off military encampment, many thousands of people, of 
divers kinds, and religiously educated, saw the spectacle with 
their own eyes, and to which they have solemnly attested, and 
have related to the minutest details, all the circumstances worthy 
of belief. 

Among others, there was one witness, deep rooted in the 
faith, Jaun Alplin, minister of Capella College, near Grinovium, 
and also Mr. John Burian, minister in the church of Dertforth, 
not yet knowing what significance should come out of this. In 
appearance, it has become cause for higher admiration and 

Hanseatic Arms. 

Appendix F. 


©ag m\mm ' ni*t ttlmm Sanaon 

engen^n^ifctsn in fimccica gelegenm 

amina tttt^ 


twnen&en 'pif^nm/ a^fott^c rfic^^cm cinfcuigcn ukfgcgtCsnl^ctm 

I ©ami 55Mnfn)erfunsg-<5c§rfiben rt!fc^« bffft 
(gadt'angfbfnDm graven ; ncbft dntr "Sortc* 
. tt Worl^ 2Cilf?c!m ^6en«. 

'IL 6nnabminfl3«©c|}reibcn an t)« bcrcifS ftaMn 
wrreif tt ^futl'cfcc / Slntfeon 2C!l5clni ^bh* 


VI. 9tD<$ finer ontcra Kefstion Jxitjon. 

VII. gmttn ©tucf Ufr <2BaraanQg*^Mt)i()t mh 
•Sirt-3«>'Jiif»n '^nb(cro/K. Oenjutucfrtjfcn^ 

3tff4mnKft vetfaflet. 

390 The German Exodus to England in ijo^. 

greater confusion, that in the presence of those encamping, 
especially those on the Blackheath, many thousands of 
white birds like doves, gathered, and after they had flown about 
in the sky for a few days, they died there and were buried by 
those that were left, in the cool sand. Thereupon the English- 
men ventured all sorts of conjectures and waited ever after for a 
fulfillment of their conjectures. 

Finally in the year never to return, 1709, on the 6th and 8th 
of May, eleven ships filled with Germans arrived in the great 
and mighty city of London, in the neighborhood of St. Cath- 
arine's and the Royal Brewery, and there landed from them 
18,006 persons, old men, young men and women, who after 
being sent to Blackheath, where the camp was laid out as be- 
fore stated by the direction of the Queen, were ordered to lodge 
four by four in the tents provided for them. 

A fortnight before the already named eleven ships arrived, 
five others had come bringing 4324 persons, transported from 
Holland to England, who also betook themselves to the camp- 
ing place where they were kindly received by a nobleman 
through the gracious commands of the Queen. On St. John's 
Day four more ships arrived under full sail bringing 2138 souls, 
among whom were two clerical gentlemen, one named Master 
George Hainer, formerly vicar at Holtzen and Rudling, in the 
dominion of Lansenberg, and of the Evangelical Lutheran re- 
ligion; the other was John Stager, a Reformed student irom 
Nassau Siegen. He believed these 2138 were more highly re- 
garded than any of the rest of the Germans, because they brought 
no Catholics with them, but at the command of their religious 
leaders debarred them from the ships. 0\\ this account they also 
received the best tents and the most pleasant location in the camp, 
namely the Rittercamp, and a more gracious eye was cast upon 
them than upon the others, by the wise Queen and the Parliament. 

Six weeks after this three ships arrived in Greenwich haven 
with 1328 Germans, who had to go into the Middle camp by the 
wholesale, because they looked somewhat slovenly and had a 
good many Catholics among them. 

Appendix F. 391 

About eight days before Michaelmas, (Sep. 29) the number 
of Germans was again increased by 4003 souls, part of whom 
took up their march at once into Ireland, partly because it was 
becoming colder. (We have not taken into account the 3060 
men, women and children who were buried at Blackheath.) 
They were in the meantime lodged in St. Catharine's and in the 
Royal Brewery. At last, three days before St. Martin's Day, 
(Nov. 11) the camp was removed. The beginning was made 
with the Rittercamp, because the Lord Commissioners had 
sought out the best lodgments for them. More than one hun- 
dred wagons were sent to take our beggarly property from the 
camp, so that none had to work or incur expense. For eight 
days we had to take up our quarters in the Redhouse, until the 
rooms at Charles Cox's warehouse were cleaned. During the 
following eight days, while we were standing outside the Ritter- 
camp at the Redhouse, two other ships arrived with 945 souls, 
who were at once directed to take up winter quarters in the 
above named warehouse. 

Two ships were driven out of their course by a storm and 
these did not arrive until the second Sunday in Advent, and 
then only with 540 persons. The above named were sent to 
Westforth in order to have good quarters and not to further 
suffer as they had already done on the sea. In the Christmas 
week there was a report that some of the very richest men in 
Germany came to England, but in truth they were only corrup- 
ted Swiss and a few from Nassau Siegen. They had a few old 
horses, which I believe they would have eaten because of their 
great hunger. 

There were 288 souls scattered about the streets by the 
Tower, where 168 large pieces of cannon were placed, which, as 
was customary, were fired when ships coming across the sea, 
arrived in the harbor. 

At New Year 72 souls came over land about 100 miles, 
they having been deceived and brought hither on Holland coal 

After these there arrived by packet boat at one time 20, at 

392 The German Exodus to E^igland in ijog. 

another 30, now more, now less, until the total number of Ger- 
mans was 32,468 souls. 

In order that I may take up again my former thought, I 
desire to inform the reader how it fared with the rest of these in 
camp in the taking up of winter quarters. First, the Catholics 
in the remaining camps were separated from the Lutherans and 
Reformed, and for a few days they were encamped by themselves. 
Then the gracious will of the Queen was made known to them. 
If they would enter the Protestant fold, they would secure the 
royal favor and protection, but if they decided to cling to their 
idolatrous religion, they might as well make up their minds to 
return to the Fatherland at once. They should have their free- 
will in the matter, because, inasmuch as the English people were 
alarmed at the growth of the Papacy, they were obliged to be 
on their guard lest it should get too much power ; they could 
hardly do otherwise. Whereupon 3584 Catholics resolved to 
return to their homes again. After this resolution was made 
known, each of these persons received ten Reichs guelden as 
expense money on their way, and were placed on eight ships 
that they might be carried to Holland. The 520 Catholics who 
remained in England, became Protestant ; 322 becoming 
Lutherans and the rest Reformed. 

After this separation, the Middle camp also broke up and 
moved into the Redhouse, where the first ones had just quitted 
their quarters and sailed on the Thames to Battle Bridge to the 
warehouse of Mr. Charles Cox, with all their property. It was in- 
deed a most excellent opportunity to pick out the Germans 
among them. The above named camp on Blackheath followed 
the Middle one into the Redhouse and then there were in all 
17,000 souls to spend the winter together. In order that they 
"^ig^t get along well, an overseer selected from their number 
belonging to a noble German family was given complete author- 
ity over them. He was made a general sanitary inspector and 
supervisor of the cooking booth. 

Continuous envy and contention arose among the women 
while cooking. One would say to another in a threatening tone, 

2)et S^rifKic^en unb i>tv tmgednterten 

2(ugfpurgtfcf)eit Confeffion 

©emembe in London, 

Solenniterein3ettjet)^etuni ringcfegnct 

2n St. Mary' Savoy. 

Ep. 1. Cor. 14. v.35.40. 
(S<^U {f?m'd>f em (S(l>tt ^et U»oronuiig;fsnJ)em ??es 
^lebens , me in aikn (Btmdrten ^w ^^aii^. 
^affet es olies ebrlt'ct) »n& oroeittii^fe tugepen. 
Rom. 15. V.59 
jIDcv^tJOft bss^'e^ens fey mit fcd? alieti! Idrnm- 


Appendix F. 393 

"you wicked beggar, get out of this place, this is my hole and 
you shall not cook here." Then they would seize hold of each 
other by the hair and strike each other so that frequently the 
soup, meat and vegetables were spilt upon the ground, and it was 
evident that an overseer was needed. He took charge of the 
apartments of the women and put an end to their contentions. 

The Straw commissioner gave these poor people fresh straw 
every two weeks on which to lie down. He was also a coal 
distributor, since, as it was somewhat rainy about Christmas, 
the Queen allowed a distribution of coal by the ship load to the 
poor people, that they might warm themselves. 

The last of the camps to break up was the Camberwell 
which moved to Retrifif. A few of them, as in the case of the 
Redhouse, stopped in Seventh street, and several hundred in 
St. Stephen. Those who had some provisions, remained here 
and there in London after their own pleasure, since they could 
stop comfortably with their own people. 

Reaching the place of their entertainment, they were all so 
treated and accommodated, that no one could with reason com- 
plain of anything. Two hundred thousand pounds sterling or 
five millions, (?; the most gracious Queen Annie gave to us poor 

Upon reaching the ship which was going to Rotterdam, we 
were taken in the best manner from England, at the expense ot 
the Queen, with bread, beer, butter, bacon and cheese, and as 
God himself soon brought us over the sea, the Lord Commis- 
sioners were dispatched in the name of the Queen and the whole 
Parliament to congratulate us. After wishes of good luck had 
been given, each man received a nine pound loaf of bread, 
white as snow, and also a Reich gulden in money. We were 
then ordered to camp in the field and received weekly so much 
that every man could live respectably. All this they received 
from the Queen, besides what the princes, counts, barons, 
merchants and rich citizens daily spent for us. On many days, 
thirty and even more wagons loaded with bread and cheese were 
brought into camp, where, there being no purchasers, these 

394 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 


S T^A^^ 


Fifty YEARS oaf t 



t- An Account of the Principality of the Pdlemeie ; mi of the Barbarities 
and Ravages conJCTict<rd by Order of the Frtf:cb King apun t\ic Inhabi- 
tants I Burning to the Ground a great Number of their mo; i FAmbuS 
Cities, and throwing the Bones ot Emperors, Princes and Pre'stes, <)«ti 
of their Tombs, CJf. 

il. The Cafe of the PaJainei^ PnbSi&'d by themfelves, and Kurnbly 
Offered to the Tradefmcn dC^n^Uni, With 9 lift of tbem, aad the 
Trades which the Men arc brought up to. 

III. The Humble Petition of the Juftlces of t^dMefcs to Her Majefiy cH 
their Behalf, with Her Majiftiej Order chereapon, and m Abftraa of 
the JSrief gnicioully Granted lor theii Subfiftcrxe. 

IV. A LEttrr about Settling and Employing chcm in other Countri«i. 

V. A Prodaaation of the 'SiMii'Ccn3>ii for N;itur3li::in§ all StracgefJ^''. 
9nd receiving them into their Country* 

VI. Laftlyi Their prefent Encamping at CaH85fr»fii7andB/i:c&-i&c^»*< iassi^ 
ny Hnndred Tents, by llev Mukitics Gnicn an(i F4vour, tili they on be 
otberwUe difpos'd of,and how they Employ chcnsCcWes ; with tbeir Mar- 
riages, Buriah, CT*. Alio the great iCindnefs their Aiaefron il»w'4 to 
tiic £ttgl^ Froaflnits la the Bloody Rd-i&n ot" Qaeca Mmi. 

(See note i.) 

^ TIlis is another of those rare little booklets called forth during the so- 
journ of the Palatines in Great Britain. Its aim is fully expressed in the 
title. It is quite rare, but a few copies being in the libraries of this 
country. Through the courtesy of the State Library of New York, at 
Albany, I have been enabled to make myself master of its contents. I 
hereby desire to make public acknowledgment to the Officers of the 
said Library for having with the utmost readiness placed the book at my 
disposal. Only persons engaged in work like this can appreciate such 
favors properly. 

Appendix F. 395 

things were freely distributed. Besides this, many rich gentle- 
men brought 60 or 80 pounds or as many Reichthalers and dis- 
tributed them among the entire German people, and while doing 
so, said very modestly, "Take this now, with my Sympathy." 

Many thousands of naked, and also such as out of greed 
locked up their own clothing in their chests, and went about in 
rags, were clothed anew. 

A single business man, a Quaker, had for eight days 
cut up many wagon loads of cloth, for the naked ones. An- 
other one bought out nearly all the Shoemakers ; even before, 
he had bought 32.000 pairs of shoes which he gave to the 
people. And still another distributed 18,489 shirts so that 
those who were ill- clad might go better dressed. It would be 
hard to say how much the court preacher, now an inspector at 
Magdeburg, John Tribekko, spent in behalf of the Germans. 

On the whole, our weak tongues can never tell the excellent 
deeds of charity which we Germans in England enjoyed. But 
sighing, we can only pray to God, that he may return it to 
them a thousand fold. 

And likewise, as pure wheat is never entirely without weeds, 
or seldom a herd which has not one sickly member, so also 
among these many rich benefactors there were at times wicked 
outcasts who made it all the more bitter for the Germans. But 
the trouble came mostly by means of those Catholics who we 
previously had with us. At one time, while we were still camp- 
ing in the fields, there came more than 1800 English people, on 
a dark night, with scythes and other weapons to our camp, 
who desired to cut down all the Catholics. This, indeed, with- 
out doubt would have been accomplished had they not been 
with the Lutherans and Reformed. To this day, on December 
4 (171 1) the pope is burned in effigy in all the streets of the 
city of London, and in all England, showing thereby how 
favorable they must have been to the Catholics! 

Among the other dissolute outcasts there was a Presbyterian, 
born of the devil, a clerical, one devoid of all common sense, 
who had run away from Switzerland, and was now seeking 

39^ The German Exodus to E7igland i7i ijog. 

to make it very bitter for these Germans. He represented 
them to the Queen and Parliament as wearing blue stockings, 
and declaring they should be allowed to perish like dogs. As 
he received but little attention, he placed himself behind the 
recruiting officers, and as if he had royal authority, took away 
the finest and youngest boys as soldiers on the men of war and 
in other military service, and swore like a common foot soldier. 
He indulged in tobacco, beer and whisky from morning until 
night, and had, like Sminderides for 20 years, or so long as he 
had been in England, never seen the sun rise or set, sober. In 
such a prolonged carousal he pleased all the poor Englishmen. 
He took away the children from the poor Germans, and played 
with them as a Jew would do. For when a poor Englishman 
obtained a child to whom he promised to teach his profession, the 
Queen gave him five pounds sterling : when they had the 
money they supported the child very well lor a week or two, but 
after that gave him blows instead of bread, so that because of 
his extreme hunger he was forced to run away. 

Finally, after such religious malice was discovered, it was 
made known to the public and upon the knowledge of this 
Pharaoh-like oppression, there began the German emigration 
from England to other countries and islands, bringing them to 
dire distress. The beginning of this movement was made by those 
who went into Ireland, numbering 3688 persons. They were 
badly accommodated. They had to endure hunger and cold 
keep several fast days every week, as they had nothing to eat. 
No one ever received anything he could call his own. He 
might go wheresoever he would, but he must remain, together 
with his own people, a slave and a bondsman. 

First those in Liverpool followed those who had gone over 
into Ireland at the breaking up of the camp. Or rather 30 
families or 126 persons of those in Liverpool followed after them. 
They were very excellent people, and artisans but were so well 
supported by their hard labor, that after they had consumed 
their own provisions they could drive away hunger. Sixteen 
families went into Sunderland, 120 miles from London, to a 

Appendix F. 397 

Prince who promised them so much ground, but did not keep 
his promise. Instead, he made day laborers of them and at 
last even went so far as to make those who did not escape in the 
night, slaves, sending them to Jamaica. Ten families proceeded 
to the West Country, otherwise called Plymouth, to earn their 
bread, in the Alaunen mountains. They received plenty of 
work but little pay. Now an Englishmen in those days received 
a Reich gulden for his daily wages, but the Germans only got a 
half Kopfiferstiicke. Thereupon they all turned their faces to- 
wards London, so that they might go back to Germany again. 

Two families or fourteen people went to a gentleman 
40 miles from London, at a place called Northumberland, who 
received only one pound of salt weekly among them, and daily 
they received half a pound of bread. Besides this they received 
neither meat nor vegetables of any kind. One family number- 
ing eight was taken to a certain gentleman in the country, who 
promised them golden mountains, but in reality compelled them 
to herd swine. The head of this family was a hunter and an 
excellent man of the Reformed religion, and whose name I 
could give for the information of his friends. But he has 
escaped with wife and children, and with the others, who per- 
haps were not allowed to return to the Fatherland, went to New 

Eight hundred and forty-four poor persons from Switzer- 
land were put on board a ship to sail to North Carolina, but 
were anchored half a year at Portsmouth in the greatest hunger. 
3086 persons were embarked on ten ships to be transported to 
New York, but they were already on the sea for eighteen weeks, 
from Christmas to Easter, and will leave port only with the 
fleet. It was their intention to enter some humble employment 
and if they could earn enough to buy property, they would be- 
come landholders. 1600 persons were packed on two ships to 
go to the Scilly islands, but when the inhabitants of that place 
received news of their coming, they sent a woefully worded 
petition to Parliament stating they could not support themselves 
much less the Germans, who did not "understand fishing and 

39S The Germa7i Exodus to England in ijog. 


O F T H E 

Poor Palatine Refugees, 

Latelj Arriv'd in 



I. A full Anfwer 10 all Objections made againft re- 
ceiving them ; and plain and convincing Proofs, that 
the Accedion of Foreignejs is a laanifeft Advantage 
Xtt'Greea Britain, and no detriment tq any of bet 
Majefty 's native Subjeds» 

II. A Relation of their deplorable Condition ; and 
how they came to be reduc'd to fuch Extremities. 

III. A: iT'^cuption of the Country from whence ihcy 

IV. An Account of theit Numbers. 

V. By what Methods they kave been fubfifted. 

VL How they may be dijpos'd of, to the Honour and 
Service of the Qiiesn s.Majefty, the Glory and Pro- 
fit of this Kingdom, and the Advantage of them- 
feivesand Fortcrities. And 

VII.Aneiad Liftof the^Namcsof the Commiironcrs 
znd Tniftees appointed by hcrNhjeily, for receivinsj 
and difpofmg of the Money to be col1e<3cd for the 
Subfiftancc and Settlement of the {zi^PaUtinrj. 

In a LETTEFt to" a Friend in the Country. 

LONDON Ttimed : AikK^pM bvJ.Bakcmt tlie £/.»(/. £ij» 

in Patn.Ncifiir.Uow.. i-jcrj. Price orf. 

(See uote 2 on page 399.) 

Appendix F, 399 

could not ward off hunger. After six weeks had passed they 
were again set on land, and went to Germany again accompanied 
by their Lutheran pastor. 

Three hundred and twenty two young people went into the 
EngHsh military service. The English bought 141 children, 
boys and girls. Fifty six young persons were used as servants, 
besides these there were other families here and there that no 
one knew of, because they went out of the company without 
leaving their names. Of these there came back into Germany 
again, the following : 

I. 3548 on the 29th of September, 1708 (1709?) went back 
to the Fatherland again. 

II. 1600 who were to go to the Scilly islands went back 

III. The 746 who were ordered to go to Ireland, had to go 
to Germany. 

IV. 800 from Ireland came also upon German soil again. 
In a like manner all those who escaped from Plymouth, 

Sunderland, Liverpool, and other places were also sent out of 
England. In all, these numbered 6994 souls. To Ireland, 
North Carolina, New York and other places, 8213 were sent. 
This number must be added to those who had gone into Germany, 
making a total of 15,201. The whole number that came to 
England was 32,468, and subtracting from this total the before 

"^ This little book of 50 pages is one of the most valuable contribu- 
tions to the history of my subject, I have found. It came into my hands 
more than six months after this article had been prepared, and while it 
contains little that I had not found in detached fragments elsewhere, it 
is nevertheless one of the fullest, and as I believe one ot the most reliable 
of all the authorities that have survived the mutations of two centuries. 
The copy I have used is the property of Judge Pennypacker. who 
received it from his London agent only a few months ago. In my 
searches through some of the principal libraries of the country, I did 
not find a copy, and had no knowledge of its existence until its contents 
were placed at my service by its generous owner. It is possibly unique, 
and it were well, perhaps, if the Pennsylvania-German Society, should 
some day publish the little book entire. 

400 The German Exodus to Ejigland in ijog. 

mentioned 15,201 there were in all 17,261 who died in London 
.and other parts of England, not taking into account the 200 
who went down with the ship and those who were buried at sea 
and in Holland. 

As long as the Germans were encamped, things went tolerably- 
well in spite of the fact that most of the parents permitted their in- 
nocent children to become corrupt, and cared not if they died, 
not even going to their funerals. But there were other good 
people who buried them. To these funerals many hundred 
Englishmen went, both on foot and in wagons. Frequently the 
concourse made such a noise, both by the neighing of the 
horses, rattling of wheels and by their loud talking, that no one 
could hear the minister or schoolmaster who officiated. 

As those still living were moved into quarters, a hundred 
or more together, and lodged there, one could then see among 
other things what these wicked people brought from Germany, 
who left their own people without counsel, help or comfort, to 
die like cattle. They did not bury their children decently but 
permitted them to be dragged along like carcasses. Ordinarily, 
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, a signal was given to bury the 
dead, by means of sheep and cow bells, whereupon the men, 
two by two brought the corpse of an adult, hanging from a sort 
of a carrying frame, and these were followed by the corpses 
of the small and half-grown children, borne upon the heads of 
women, to the cemetery at Dertforth.^° Perhaps half a dozen 
old women accompanied these funeral processions. (Weiber 
die mit in Engeland Wiirtz nagelein in Carolin zulesan gekom- 
men.) As soon as the procession reached the cemetery, the 
corpses were thrown into a hole in layers, like herring. First 
were laid the women and virgins ; upon these men and young 
boys, and upon these were placed the children, lengthwise and 
crosswise, until the hole was full. 

^^ This practice is pursued in some Spanish American countries at the 
present day, with the accompaniments of men firing salutes from 
muskets and others playing on violins. 

Appendix F. 401 

Frequently it happened that when they carried out the 
dead and there were no ditches ready, they were put into 
coffins made of old boards and placed behind the encampment 
walls, from which they were taken by the dogs and entirely 
devoured. [ — gantzlich aus den Sargen heraus nahmen und 
von ihnen Speisten.] 

Those who were in other quarters, as the Redhouse, and 
remained with the Lutheran ministers, had it far better, for they 
were buried in a Christian manner, with beautiful hymns and a 
funeral panegyric. These services were usually conducted by 
Master George Hainer and the Schoolmaster, John George 
Tiltz. Rightly it was said of the Palatines, for so the Germans 
were commonly called in England, "you hit them, but they do 
not feel it. " For if the evil Spirit choked and killed them, 
there was nothing but rejoicings and marriages among them. 
The before mentioned George Hainer himself joined 248 couples, 
and it is not definitely known how many were married by the 
others, namely by Master John Tribekko and Mr. Ruperti, be- 
fore his arrival. 308 children were baptized by Mr. Hainer, 
five of whom were illegitimate, and thirteen were baptized at 

Nor should the remarkable marriage act be passed over in 
silence, which Mr. Hager accomplished after his ordination. 
Truly, he who could have seen this marriage ceremony per- 
formed as I saw it, would have laughed until his belly shook. 
In the first place, as Mr. Hager took his position in front of an 
old barrel full of cobbler's wax, and had mumbled a few words, 
a bridegroom came up who was lame in his left foot, accom- 
panied by his bride, who was lame in the right foot. Truly they 
looked like children of Vulcan. Along with these came another 
couple, a very loving pair. The bride was more than 60 years 
old and had a hundred thousand wrinkles, in which foxes and 
hares could have hidden themselves ; in other respects she 
looked much like a stuck calf. The groom was 18 or 19 years 
old, not yet dry behind the ears. He supported himself at the 
girdle of the bride, much Uke a child when it is learning to 

402 The German Exodtis to Ejtgland in ijog. 

Canary-Birds Naturalized 

I N 



Dulce eft patcrnum fohmM 

L N D O 17 

Printed : Aiid fold by the Bookfdlcrs. 
Price Six-pence. 

(See note 3.) 

Appendix F. 403 

walk. The third pair, however, looked a little more graceful. 
The groom on account of sickness, was so weak he could hardly 
stand. The bride had a large eye and a small one, and was 
barefooted and ragged. Meanwhile, she would cast furtive 
glances upon her beautiful "Corydon" like a cat upon a mouse. 
This most honorable couple wound up the company as they 
were all gathered around the barrel. The minister spoke a few 
words and then they were all joined. Whereupon they all went 

3 While a number of brochures and booklets were written for and in 
the interests of the Palatines in England, a few were aLso written from 
an opposing standpoint, and this is one of them. It is more curious 
than meritorious. It is however exceedingly rare, the one whose title 
page is photographed above being the only copy I have ever seen. It 
belongs to Judge Samuel W. Pennypacker, in whose library great 
rarities and early Americana are as numerous as second-hand novels at 
a street bookstall. 

The booklet is a protest against the encouragement, naturalization 
and establishment of the Palatines in Great Britain, and the argument is 
presented in the form of a story. The foreign interlopers are called 
canary birds, and a council of native birds is called to take action in the 
matter. The robin, the sparrow, the linnet, the lark, nightingale and 
the rest meet in council and in their most melodious strains show up the 
bad character of the canaries, and declare themselves opposed to afford- 
ing them entertainment. But many other birds dissented. The crow, 
magpie, goose and eagle upheld the cause of the foreign canaries, and 
the latter triumphed. Of course the existing factions, interests and 
prominent persons are represented under these allegorical names, but 
who is intended can only be surmised. 

With a few brief extracts, I shall dismiss this rare example of the 
Palatine literature of the period. 

In our unhappy Days of Yore, 

When foreign Birds irom German Shore 

Came flocking to Utopia" s Coast 

And o'er the Country, rul'd the Roast. 

We bought 'em dear, and fed 'em well 

'Till they began lor to rebel. 

Or shall such Interlopers come 

And turn me out of House and Home ? 

404 The German Exodus to England in lyog. 

away from each other, Uke goats when they go away from their 
shepherd, each one to his own place. 

Now, at last, when everybody was married that could go or 
stand, their hopes were disappointed because Parliament would 
not give its consent to what the Queen had promised. Upon 
this, the preachers were ordered by the committee to make 
known in sermons and at prayer-meeting, that those who desired 
to return to the Fatherland, should so decide and give their 

Besides they're not of our Religion 
No more than any Holland Widgeon. 

Perhaps in Time they'll take, forsooth 
The Bread out of our Natives Mouth, 
To nat'ralize 'em is a Jest 
Lets not defile our own dear Nest. 

And will these Foreigners be found 
To till your waste and barren ground ? 
In good Mechanics their Trades follow 
And let your fruitful Fields lie fallow. 
We've Poor enough among ourselves ; 
Need no encroaching foreign Elves. 

Here is a tilt at William Penn : 

At this, a quaking Bird o' the Feather 
Native, was highly nettl'd whether 
We'd nat'ral such vast Flocks together; 
Or how we'd of them so dispose 
As not to make intestine Woes ; 
But on the Wing his rufii'd Pen 
Was quickly set to Rights again, 
And by advancing his Dominion 
Made the best Feather in his 'Pinion. 
For presently the higher Pow'rs 
Prevail'd by plying the next Oars ; 
To stop his mouth they found a way 
And sent them to 'Sylvania. 

Appendix F. 


names, for each one was to receive a pound sterling for the ex- 
penses of the journey. Upon this more than 900 people 
gathered together and returned again to Germany. The rest who 
remained in England, thought they would stay there, as it was a 
country in which the earth was so fruitful, that in many respects 
it could be compared to the promised land. In a word, it was 
an earthly Paradise. Yet good and excellent as the land was, 
in spite of it all, the Germans were forced to make room and go 
again upon German soil. But the most of these people went to 
Dantzig. How contented they all will be there, experience will 
tell us. 



ER Majesty being informed 
of the miserable Condition 
of these People, was at 
the whole Charge of transport- 
ing them into her own Domin- 
ions, and took particular Care of 
their Subsistence ; but their 
Numbers being like to increase, 
and it must necessarily take up 
some Time for appointing and 
settling the Distribution of her 
Majesty's Charity for their daily 
Relief, a certain Number of well 
„ ,,, _ disposed private Gentlemen, 

Seal of William Penn. ^ " ' 

Divines, Physicians, Merchants 
and Characters, whose names I have no authority to publish, and 

^^ Palatine Refugees in England, p. 30. 

Appendix G. 407 

whose indefatigable Pains and unexemplify'd Charities, nothing 
less than Heaven can recompense, voluntarily, and without any 
Invitation or Motive, but their own pious Inclinations obliging 
them to it; ist, Because the Palatines were in great Distress. 
2dly, Because they were Strangers; And 3dly, Because it was 
not known that the Government, or any else provided, for them. 
In which good Offices they laboured abundantly and effectually, 
from about the Middle of May, till the 2d of July, at which time 
Commissioners were appointed by her Majesty's Letters Patent, 
to take Care of 'em, and receive Proposals for the Disposal of 
'em, whereof all these private Gentlemen aforesaid, are of the 

In order to make Provision for these distressed People, 
when these Gentlemen acted in a private Capacity, they first 
met in a room in the Temple Change CofTee House, and after- 
wards at a Gentleman's Chambers in the Queen' s-Bench Walks, 
in the Temple, where they erected themselves into a Charitable 
Society, elected a Chairman, and came to such Resolutions as 
were thought most expedient for the Subsistence of the Palatines. 
To which End they chose two Agents to attend these People de 
Die in Diem, to inform themselves and then the Gentlemen, of 
their Several Conditions, and to distribute the private Charities 
in such Proportion as they saw convenient, 'till Places might be 
found to lodge them in, without any trouble to the Inhabitants ; 
and besides these Particulars, by their Interest with the Nobility, 
Gentry, Merchants and others, they procur'd as much private 
Charity from several Hands, during the short Time of their 
acting as private Gentlemen, as amounted to between 7 and Soo 
Pounds ; Many of which Benefactors, in Obedience to that 
Evangelical Precept, of not letting the left Hand know what the 
right Hand does, in this kind, conceal' d their Names from this 
Charitable Society ; tho' the Gentlemen never omitted returning 
their hearty thanks to the Benefactors by the Persons that 
brought it. 

The private Charities thus Collected, these Gentlemen 
ordered to be put into the Hands of a Goldsmith, which was 

4o8 The German Exodus to England m lyog. 

employ' d for the Subsistence of the Distressed ; and whereas 
several of them, at their first coming were in great Want, all 
imaginable Care and Speed was us'd to procure them Lodging 
by their Agents, the number of whom they encreas'd with the 
Number of the Palatines, to whom they allow' d and pay'd 12s. 
per week for their Pains and Subsistence, besides other neces- 
sary Charges and Expenses in the Service of the necessitous 

About this Time, viz. May 23, 1709, there was an estimate 
produc'd, that the Number of the 
Palatines were 825 Men, Women 
and Children, residing about the 
Tower, St. Cathrenes, Tower 
Ditch, Wapping, Nightingale 
Lane, East Smithfield and Places 
adjacent, whereupon it was agreed 
by the Gendemen to thin the 
Number, by hiring some cheap 
Houses and Barns out of the 
Town ; which was done accord- 
ingly, and they werelodg'd in Barns and Houses at Kensington, 
Walworth, Stockwell, Bristoll, Cansey, and Camberwell ; and 
as the Number of the Palatines encreas'd, so did the Care of 
these Gentlemen, in providing more Barns and Houses for them; 
also in procuring from the Queen Lodging for them in her 
Majesty's Rope Yard at Deptford, in the upper Rooms in the 
Red House in the same Place, which the Queen hir'd and were 
then vacant, with the Loan of a thousand Tents from her 
Majesty, for their Reception on Blackheath, Greenwich and 
Camberwell, where a Gentleman of that place gave a Ground to 
set them up in. Nor did the Care of these Gentlemen terminate 
in Lodging them, but they also suppli'd them with great Quan- 
tities of Bread, Cheese, Milk and Small Beer with Straw to lie 
on, Blankets and Cover-lids and as many Combs as cost ^12. 

They also took Care when any of the Palatines were sick, 
to provide Necessaries fit for them in such a Condition, and a 


Appe7idix G. 


learn' d and charitable Physician of their own Number, took the 
Pains to visit them, and supply' d them with Physical Medica- 
ments at his own Expense, as well as leaving a Chirurgeon be- 
hind him, to administer them according to his Direction. 

But all these being corporal Charities, these Gentlemen 
ceas'd not here, but also made Provision for Spirtual Food for 

their Souls : and to that pious End, agreed with Mr. Sc r to 

read Prayers to the Palatines every Day, for which he was to be 
allow' d the Charge of his Coach-hire; the Clerk of the 
Prussian chappel was to assist at divine Service, and to be con- 
sider' d for his Pains. To farther improve their knowledge in 
the Word of God, these Gentlemen desir'd one ot their Num- 
ber to write to his correspondent 
at Hamburg, to buy and send 
over a thousand High Dutch 
New Testaments, and the Psalms 
in Prose, in Quires in the Long 
Primer, for the Use of the Pala- 
tines, and order' d that £,60 
should be reserv'd to pay for 
them. Lasdy, they agreed that 
it should be taken into Considera- 

Arms of Cuur— Braunschweig. . , . , 

log^ tion, how to form a Proposal to 

the Government, for applying the Queen's Allowance to support 
five hundred Palatine Children, from the Age of six to twelve, 
at a Charity School, in order to be instructed to write and read 
English, to be taught their Catechism, to cast Accompt, and to 
work on the Linnen Manufactures, &c. And now these private 
Gentlemen having voluntarily done all these great and charitable 
Offices for the Palatines, they put an End to their Meeting in 
the Temple, and the Trustees appointed by her Majesty to dis- 
tribute the Money collected for the Palatines, met the first 
Time, viz, July 2d at the New Building joining the Banquetting 
House, and adjourn' d themselves to the next Wednesday Morn- 
ing at St. Paul's Chaple House. -^ -^ -^ ^ -^ 

The Queen's great Charity has, ever since the first Arrival 
of the Palatines, been the principal Fund for their Subsistence, 

4IO The Gerjnan Exodus to England in lyog. 

the other Charities, though they did abundance of Good, as an 
additional ReHef, by the prudent Management of the Gentle- 
men, yet they were but precarious, and not to be rely'd upon; 
so that her Majesty's Charge, by the Increase of these Foreign- 
ers, was raised from ;^i6 a Day, at first, to £ioo a Day after- 
wards ; which was distributed by the two German Divines (that 
only had Authority to dispose of it) in this Proportion, viz. 
To each Man, and each Woman above twenty Years of Age five 
Pence. To those under twenty, and above ten, four Pence. 
To those under ten Years of Age, three Pence per die7n, which 
was pay'd every Tuesday and Friday, besides one Pound of 
Bread per diem to each of ' em : but there being only two Gen- 
tlemen, as has already been said, that had Authority to receive 
and dispose of the Queen's Charity, to whom it grew a greater 
Burden then they were able to bear, it was thought convenient by 
the Ministry, to put the care of the Palatines under a due 
Regulation, by authorizing a Number of Persons, fitly qualify' d, 
to enquire into their State, and the properest Measure for their 
Relief and Settlement ; whereupon her Majesty was graciously 
pleased to appoint Commissioners and Trustees ; by her Letters 
Patents under the Great Seal, for Collecting, receiving, and 
disposing of the Money to be collected tor the Subsistence and 
Settlement of the poor Palatines, who upon July 6, 1709, gave 
publick Notice in the Gazette, that they would meet in a general 
Meeting in the Chapter House of St. Pauls, on every Wednes- 
day at four of the Clock in the afternoon, and that in order to 
receive Proposals for employing and settling the said Palatines, 
and to prepare Business for the said general Meeting, they 
would meet as a Committee in the new Buildings adjoining to 
the Banquetting House in Whitehall, on every Tuesday, Thurs- 
day, and Saturday, at four of the Clock in the afternoon ; and 
that they would also meet as a Committee in the Council Cham- 
ber in Guild-hall, London, on every Monday and Friday at four 
of the clock in the Afternoon, and on every Wednesday at ten 
of the Clock in the Morning, the first of the said Meetings to be 
on the Friday following. 


Arms of City ®f Augsburg. 

3N the rare book belonging to 
Judge Pennypacker of which I 
have already spoken/" I found the 
following summary of the persons 
who left Germany during this Exodus, 
as well as the places from which they 
emigrated. How the writer who 
prepared it was able to get at the 
exact numbers it is difficult to say at 
this distant day, and yet, it is possible 
his figures may be approximately 
correct. It will be observed the sum 
total does not reach the half of that 
of the writer quoted in Appendix F. 

F. R D. 



Aus der Pfaltz 8,589 

Aus dem Darmstattichen 2,334 

^° Das verlangte, nicht erlangte Canaan. 

412 The German Exodus to England in ijog. 

Aus dem Hanauischen 1,113 

Aus dem Francken-Land^ 653 

Aus dem Mahntzischen^ 63 

Aus dem Trierischen^ 58 

Aus dem Speyrischen, Wormsischen und Graff- 

schafftlichen* 490 

Aus dem Hessenland^ 81 

Aus dem Zweybriickischen^ 125 

Aus dem Nassauischen'^ 203 

Aus dem Elsass 413 

Aus dem Baadischen^ 320 

Aus allerhand Landschaften ledige Hand-wercks 

Leute 871 

Summa 15,313 


By June 10, there had come over the following : 

Men that had families 940 

Unmarried men 292 

Daughters above fourteen years of age .... 247 

Sons under fourteen years 1016 

Wives 903 

Widows 73 

Unmarried women 77 

Sons above fourteen years 257 

Daughters under fourteen years 950 

A Total of 4,774 

1 Land of the Franks. Now belonging to Bavaria, called Kreise or 
counties ; Ober, Mittel and Unter Franken, including the cities of Nurem- 
berg, Baireuth and Wiirzburg. 

^ The Archbishopric of Mayence (Mainz). 

^ The Archbishopric of Trier. 

Appendix H. 


* The Ecclesiastical districts of Speir, Worms and Grafschaftlich of 

the Palatinate Rhine Provinces. 
^ From Hesse Darmstadt (Electorate.) 

^ From the district of Zweibriicken, a city of the Palatinate. 
' From Hesse-Nas.sau (Cassel) Electorate. 
8 From Baden. 
^^ State of the Palatines, p. 7. 

414 1^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Evening Reception. 

During the evening a most notable and enjoyable 
reception was given by the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania to the visiting members of the Penn- 
sylvania-German Society at the rooms of the former, 
1300 Locust street, Philadelphia, Pa., which was 
largely attended by many members of both Societies , 
prominent in their several communities and distin- 
guished throughout the country at large. 

By unanimous vote the thanks of the Society were 
heartily tendered the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania for this and the many other courtesies shown 
during their Annual meeting in Philadelphia. 

In Memoriam^ 415 

ITn /nbemoriam. 

41 6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Hon. Robert Klotz. 

Hon. Robert Klotz was a native of Carbon county, 
born in 1 8 19. In early life he was engaged in the 
mercantile business, and, later, took charge of one of 
the leading hotels of Mauch Chunk. He then took 
an active interest in politics and was elected to sev- 
eral county offices. When the question of Kansas 
statehood came up he went there, took a prominent 
part with Governor Reeder and participated in the 
Topeka Convention. He remained there until after 
its admission into the Union when he returned to 
Mauch Chunk. In 1878 he was elected to Congress 
by a plurality of 95 over his three rival aspirants to 
the same position, and, two years later, re-elected by 
a majority of over 6000. 

He was a veteran of the Mexican war, ranking as 

Obituary. 417 

a Captain, and, duringtlie Civil War, was a Major in 
one of the Emergency regiments. 

As a citizen he was very highly esteemed, and as 
a politician he was a leader amongst local leaders. 
He was a man of positive character, and, as such, had 
many very warm friends and some extremely bitter 
enemies. A peculiarity of his disposition was an 
off-handed bluntness of expression in conversation, 
with an ability to manifest intense contempt for ene- 
mies, but, withal, he was one of the most tender- 
hearted men living and deserving of special com- 
mendation for his genuine, silent charity to the poor 
and unfortunate. 

His death occurred on May i, 1895. 

He was elected to membership in the Penn'a-Ger- 
man Society on July 8, 1891. 

H. M. M.R. 

4i8 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Jacob Andrew Shindel. 

Col. Jacob A. Stindel, tlie son of Col. Jacob 
Sbindel, a soldier of the War of 1812 and a direct 
descendant of Baron von Shindel, of Germany, was 
born in Lebanon on April 15, 1829. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of his native town, attending 
Franklin and Marshall College but one term. 
Shortly after attaining his majority he entered the 
of&ce of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, under 
Governor Bigler who commissioned him a Lieut. 
Colonel on his staff. After a short stay with Capt. 
Thompson of the Logan House, Altoona, he went to 
Washington, having been appointed to a lucrative 
position under Judge Campbell, then Postmaster 
General, thence to a place in the Custom House at 
Philadelphia, and, later, back to Washington, serving 
under Colonel Forney, then Clerk of the House of 
Representatives. Here he labored faithfully in 
ministering to the wants of the Union soldiers. 
In recognition of these services he was commissioned 

Obituary. 419 

a Quartermaster in the U. S. Army, by President 
Lincoln, with the rank of Captain, and served, as 
such, most honorably, till the close of the war. In 
1867, in a civil capacity he entered the of&ce of the 
Second Comptroller, U. S. Treasury, at Washington, 
where he remained a faithful, upright, energetic aid, 
for twenty years, resigning in 1889 from ill health. 
Having returned to his native town, in 1893 he was 
elected City Controller as a Republican, though the 
other municipal of&ces were carried by the opposite 
party, which of&ce he held at the time of his death. 

Colonel Shindel was a most public spirited and 
highly respected citizen of Lebanon. He was an 
enthusiastic supporter of every measure relating to 
the advancement of the public schools, the spread of 
practical Christianity and the general cultivation of 
love and charity amongst all men. Until the break- 
ing out of the Rebellion he was a strong Democrat, 
but then became a Republican like many others. 
He was a member of the Lutheran church, a promi- 
nent Odd Fellow, much interested in Lebanon's Fire 

420 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Department, a devoted philatelist and member of tiie 
American Philatelic Society, of Philadelphia, and be- 
came a member of the Penn'a-German Society at its 

In 185 1 he married Miss Priscilla Burglebach, who 
survives him, with one son, Jay M. Shindel, of the 
Lebanon and Philadelphia Bars, who succeeded his 
father as City Controller and now holds the office of 
District Attorney for Lebanon County. 

The Colonel's sister, Mrs. Elizabeth E. Hutter, 
President of the Northern Home for Friendless Chil- 
dren, prominent in Philadelphia and throughout the 
state for her numerous charities, survived him only 
four months. The devotion of this brother and 
sister to each other was frequently noted and com- 
mented upon. 

He died at 3.00 a. m. on Saturday, February 16, 
1895, from pneumonia and heart failure, after an 
illness of two weeks. 

H. M. M. R. 

Obituary. 421 

Lewis Sebastian Levan. 

Lewis Sebastian Levan was born in Maxatawny 
Township, Berks county, Pa., on Sept. 12, i860. 
He was a son of John Klein Levan (Sept. 7, 1804- 
Apr. 12, 1878), son of John and wife Christiana 

Klein, son of John and wife Kohler, son of 

Sebastian and wife Susanna Schneider, son of Jacob, 
died 1763, the founder of the family in America, 
who emigrated at an early date. He was of Hugue- 
not origin. 

Mr. Levan removed with his father to Pricetown 
in 1862, and to Leesport in 1868, where he attended 
the public schools, and pursued a course of private 
instruction during 1876-77. He then entered the 
Kutztown Normal School where he remained until 
1 88 1. Having taught school during the winter of 
1 88 1-2 he entered the law office of Edgar M. Levan, 
Reading, Pa., with the intention of reading law. At 
the expiration of four years a favorable business 
opportunity presenting itself he embraced it and gave 

422 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

up the study of law. Later he became a Notary 
Public and, in 1895, was elected Alderman over great 
opposition, which office he held at the time of his 

Mr. Levan was an ardent Democrat, a kind and 
courteous official, and a man of good judgment, 
which won for him many friends. He was the 
author of a number of poems, many of which were 
received by the public with marked signs of favor. 

His death, which occurred 7.30 a. m., Dec. 26, 
1896, was the result of an attack of typhoid pneu- 
monia. Mr. Levan was elected to membership in the 
Penna-German Society on Jan. 9, 1895. His brother, 
the Rev. Franklin Klein Levan D. D., likewise a 
member of the Society, was deceased Nov. 13, 1894. 
There still survive him two brothers. Dr. Jeremiah 
R. Levan, of Philadelphia, and John S. Levan, of 
Reading, also three sisters, Mrs. Henry C. G. Reber, 
Misses Agnes and Emily, all of Reading. He was 
married, on June 4, 1896, to Miss Annie Miller. 

H. M. M. R. 

Obituary. 423 

George Henry Richards. 

George Henry Richards was born at Columbia, 
Pa., on August 14, 1843. He was son of Allen 
Richards and Catharine Caroline Bowman (March 
12, 18 14 — ^June 10, 1888), who was dau. Joshua 
Bowman (1781-1826), son of Benjamin (1742-1822), 
son of Benjamin (d 1781-2), son of Wendel (d 1735) 
a Swiss Mennonite from the neighborhood of Worms 
and Frankenthal, who came to America in the 
autumn of 1709 and took up a large tract of land in 
what is now West Lampeter township of Lancaster 
county. Pa. 

Mr. Richards was educated in the Parochial 
schools of St. James' P. E. church, the High School 
of Lancaster, and State Normal School at Millers- 
ville. He was engaged in teaching school, and, 
later, in the mercantile business at Columbia, Pa. 
He became a member of the Penn'a-German Society 
on April 15, 189 1. His death took place on Dec. 23, 

H. M. M. R. 

424 The Pennsylvania-German Society , 

Eugene Zieber. 

Eugene Zieber was the son of William Bolton 
Zieber, m. Anne Hlizabetb dau. Maria Vanderslice 
(b July 7, 1795), dau. Dr. George Vanderslice, son 
Henry Vanderslice, (March 9, 1726 — Feb. 10, 1797), 
son Anthony Vanderslice, who was son Baron von 
der Sluys and m. Martha Pennebecker dau. Hendrick 
Pennebecker. Both of these families were of the 
first settlers of Germantown and prominent in the 
early history of our Commonwealth, Hendrick Penne- 
becker being "Surveyor of Lands" for the Penns. 

Mr. Zieber was considered to be one of the best 
authorities on heraldry in the United States. He 
was the author of "Heraldry in America," a most 


Obituary. 425 

complete work on that science, especially in its rela- 
tion to this country, and, as such, a standard book of 

About two months prior to his death, whilst return- 
ing to his home at Wayne, near Philadelphia, he 
was unfortunate enough to lose his balance and fall 
from the express train on which he was a passenger. 
This accident came near proving fatal at the 
time and had such an effect upon his brain as 
to cause him to take his own life. His decease took 
place June 6, 1897. His wife and child survive him. 

He was elected to membership in the Penn'a-Ger- 
man Society on January 15, 1897. 

H. M. M. R. 

426 The Penjisylvania-German Society. 


Rev. Theodore E. Schmauk, D. D, 

Vice Presidents^ 

Hon. James Addams Beaver, LL. D., 

Rev. Prof. Matthias Henry Richards, D. D. 

H. M. M. Richards. 

Julius F. Sachse. 

Executive Committee^ 


F. J. F. Schantz, 

Thomas C. Zimmerman. 

E. W. S. Parthemore, 
Nathan C. Schaeffer. 

J. Max Hark, 
E. H. Ranch. 


Morton L. Montgomery, 

D. W. Nead. 

Frank Ried Diffenderffer, 
Lee L. Grumbine. 

Surviving Members. 427 


AUGUST I, 1897. 

April 15, 1891. Albright, Edwin AUentown, Pa. 

President judge, 31st District, Pennsylvania. 

Oct. II, 1893. Ayers, Bucher 805 N. 17th, st. Philadelphia, Pa. 

civil Engineer — Lieut. Colonel, Aide-de-Camp to Gov. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Achey, Frederick Augustus . . . East Petersburg, Pa. 

Physician, M. D. 

April 20, 1897. Arndt, John Stover. . 1109 Market st. Philadelphia, Pa. 

Editor, "Philadelphia Inquirer " 

April 15, 1891. Bausman, John Watts Daer . ... Lancaster, Pa. 

Lawyer — Bank President. 

Oct. II, 1893. Blasser, Jared Francis York, Pa. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Bland, H.Willis Reading, Pa. 

President Judge, Orphans Court, Berks County, Pa. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Bausman, Benjamin Reading, Pa. 

Rev. and D. D., Reformed. 

April 20, 1897. Bartholomew, Allen R Pottsville, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed, A. M. 

April 75, 1891. Baer, George F Reading, Pa. 

Attornej'-at-La-w, LL. D. — T,ate President Pennsylvania- 
German Society. 

July 8, 1891. Beidelman, William Easton, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law— Ex-Mayor of Ea.ston, Pa. — Ex-Member 
Senate of Pennsylvania 

Jan. II, 1893. Beaver, James Addams Bellefonte, Pa. 

Judge of the Superior Court of Pennsylvania— Ex-Governor 
of Penna. — LL. D. Brev. Brigadier General U. S. A. 

Jan. 9, 1S95. Beaver, Daniel Benjamin De Walt .... Reading, Pa. 

Physician and Surgeon — M. D. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Beasley,Charles Oscar, 112 N. Broad st. Philadelphia, Pa. 


April 15, 1891. Bierer, Jacob J Latrobe, Pa. 

428 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

April 15, 1891. Bricker, John Randolph Lititz, Pa. 

Leaf Tobacco and Cigars — Brevet Major, U. S. V. 

Oct. II, 1893. Bittenger, John Wierman York, Pa, 

Judge of County Courts. 
Jan. II, 1893. Brower, William Spring City, Pa. 

Physician, M. D. 

Jan. 9, 1S95. Boyer. Charles Clinton Kutztown, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran — Prof, and Ph. D. — Keystone State 
Normal School. 
Jan. 16, 1896. Borhek, Ashton Christian Bethlehem, Pa. 

Lumber Merchant. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Brodhead, Albert Bethlehem, Pa. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Boyer, Benjamin Franklin Camden, N. J. 

Woolen Manufacturer. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Borneman, Henry Stauffer, 708 Harrison Building, 

Philadelphia. Pa. 

April 15, 1891. Buehrle, Robert Koch Lancaster, Pa. 

City Superintendent of Schools— A. M., Ph. D. 
Oct. II, 1893. Brunner, David Bachman Reading, Pa 

Ex-Member of Cougress. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Brunner, Frank R Eschbach, Pa. 

Physician and Surgeon — M. D. — Ex-Member Senate otPenn'a. 

Jan. 16, 1896 Brunner, Chri.stian Otto Bethlehem, Pa. 

Treasurer Bethlehem Iron Co. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Brunner, Franklin Henry Bethlehem, Pa. 

Executive Office, Bethlehem Iron Co. 

July 21, 1896. Bruner, Daniel Pastorius Germantown, Pa. 

Civil Engineer — Attorney-at-Law. 

Jan. 15, 1897, Bruner, Abraham ... Crewe, Va. 

Civil and Mining Engineer. 

April 12, 1893. Crater, Lewis . . Reading, Pa. 

Late Adjutant, 50th Reg't Penn'a. Veteran Vols.— Past Com- 
mander McLean Post, No. 16, iGrand Army of the Re- 
public— Aide-de-Camp National Staflf— Commander-in- 
Chief, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Oct. 3, 1894. Croll, Philip C Lebanon, Pa 

Clergyman, Lutheran. 

July 18, 1895. Croll, Sylvester Edward Buffalo, N. Y, 

Secretary Buffalo Box Factorj'. 

April 15, 1891. Diffenderffer, Frank Ried Lancaster, Pa. 

Editor "A'eitJ ii;ra."— Late Pres't and Sec'y Penn'a-German 

Jan. 13, 1892. Dillinger, Jacob Schreiber Allentown, Pa. 


July 18, 1892. Derr, Andrew Fein . . Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Fire Insurance — Attorney-at-Law — Banker -A. B. — A. M. 

Surviving Members. 429 

Jan. 9, 1895. Deatrick, William Wilberforce Kutztown, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed-Prof, of Psychology in Keystone State 
Normal School— A. M. 

July 15, 1897. Dreer, Edwin Greble, 1520 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
April 14, 1896. Diefenderfer, Walter Benneville Cresson, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan. II, 1893. Dunbar, William Henry, 667 W. Franklin Street, Balti- 
more, ]\rd. 

Clergyman, Lutheran— D. D. 

April II, 1894. Dundore, Franklin 428 Library St., Phila., Pa. 

Banker and Broker. 

July 20, 1894. Dundore, Charles Rick ... 428 Library St., Phila., Pa. 
July 20, 1894. Dundore, Franklin, Jr. , . . 428 Library St., Phila.,' Pa. 
July 20, 1894. Dundore, Nathan Lebanon^ Pa. 


Jan. 15, 1897. Dunmire, George Benson . . 1618 Spruce St., Phila., Pa. 

Physician— A. M.— M. D. 

April 15, 1891 Egle, William Henry Harrisburg, Pa. 

Penna. State Librarian— M. D.— Surgeon, U. S. Vols.— Lieut. 
Colonel and Senior Medical officer N. G. P.— Late Pres't 
Penna. -German Society. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Erdman, Constantine J Allentown Pa. 

Attomey-at-Law— Ex-Member of Congress. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Endlich, Gustav Adolph Reading, Pa. 

Judge of County Courts. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Ermentrout, James Nevin Readino-, Pa. 

President Judge, Court ol Common Pleas. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Ermentrout, Daniel Reading, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law— Member of Congress— A. M. 

July 18, 1895. Early, John William, Sr Reading, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran- A. M. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Ettinger, George Taylor Allentown, Pa. 

Prof Latin and Pedagogy, Muhlenberg College— Ph. D 

April 15, 1891. Eby, Maurice C Harrisburg, Pa. 


April 14, 1896. Eyerman, John Easton, Pa. 

Prof Lafayette College— F. Z. S. (London), F. G. S. A., F. A. 
G. S., M. I. M. E. 
April 15, 1891. Fisher, Henry L. York, Pa. 

Atttorney-at-Law— Late Pres't Penu'a German Society. 
April 15, 1891. Franklin, Walter Mayer Lancaster Pa. 

Attoruey-at Law— A. M. 

April 15, 1891. Faust, Jonathan Zieglersville Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Frick, Benjamin Franklin York, Pa. 

Prothonotary County Courts— Late officer 39th Regt., U. S. C. 

430 The Pennsylvania-GerTnan Society. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Frysinger, Jesse Hanover, Pa.. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Fry, Jacob Mt. Airy, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran— A. M. — D. D.— Prof. Theological 

Jan. 16, 1896. Fogel, Edwin Miller Fogelsville, Pa. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Fry, Charles Livingston Lancaster, Pa. 

clergyman, Lutheran. 

April 20, 1897. Flores, Philip Wetzel Dillingersville, Pa. 

Farmer— Late Lieut. 176 Regt. P. V. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Gallatin, John Dallas York, Pa. 

April 15, 1891. Grob, Samuel Schwenksville, Pa. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Gobin, John Peter Shindel Lebanon, Pa. 

Attorn ey-at-Law. — LL. D. — Member Senate of Penu'a. — 
Brevet Brigadier General, U. S. Vols. — Brigadier Gen- 
eral, N. G. P. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Gorgas, George Albert Harrisburg, Pa. 

Apothecary. — Ph. G. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Gorgas, William Luther Harrisburg, Pa. 

Cashier Harrisburg National Bank. 

Jan. II, 1893. Good, James I Reading, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed. — D. D. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Gross, John Kunkel York, Pa. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Gillan, W. Rush Chambersburg, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law. — Ex-Member Legislature of Penn'a. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Gilbert, David McConaughy Harrisburg, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran— D. D. 

April 15, 1891. Grumbine, Lee Light Lebanon, Pa. 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 
April 15, 1891. Grumbine, Ezra Lebanon, Pa. 

Physician. — M. D. 

Jan. II, 1893. Grumbine, Harvey Carson Lock Haven, Pa. 

Prof. Latin and Greek, Central State Normal School— A. B. — 
Ph. B. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Grumbine, Samuel Titusville, Pa. 


April 15, 1891. Hark, Joseph Maximilian Bethlehem, Pa. 

Clergyman, Moravian— D. D.«-Principal iSeminary and Col. 
lege for Women. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Hake, Edward G New Cumberland, Pa. 

Physician. — M. D. 

Jan. II, 1893. Hayden, Horace Edwin Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Clergyman, Protestant Episcopal.— M. A. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Harbaugh, Linn Chambersburg, Pa. 


Jan. 12, 1894. Haines, Harvey W York Pa. 


Survivi7tg Members. 431 

Jan. 12, 1894. Hantz, Charles Edward York, Pa. 

Heating Contractor. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Hartmann, Jean Wilhelm August Reading, Pa. 

Professor of German, Boys' High School. 

April 23, 1895. Hanold, Hiester Muhlenberg Reading, Pa.. 

July 18, 1895. Hanold, Frank Wildbahn Reading, Pa. 

Wholesale Coal und Coke. 
July 18, 1895. Haldeman, Horace L Chickies, Pa. 

Iron Master — Late Captain 20th Reg't Penn's Cavalry. 

July 18, 1895. Hartman, Paul Aug Harrisburg, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

April 15. 1891. Heckman, George Creider Reading, Pa. 

Clerg5'man, Presbyterian.— D. D.— LI,. D.— Late President 
Penn'a-Gemian Society. 
April 15, 1891. Hess, Abram Lebanon, Pa. 

Coal and Iron Commission Jlerchant — City Treasurer. 

April 15, 1891. Hess, Jeremiah S Hellertown, Pa. 

Member Legislature of Penn'a. 

April 15, 1S91. Hertz, John Lincoln Lititz, Pa. 

Physician. — M, D. 

April 15, 1S91. Heilman, Samuel Phillips Heilman Dale, Pa. 

Phj'sician.— M. D. 

April 15, 1891. Heilman, Henry Suavely Lebanon, Pa. 

July 18, 1892. Hensel, William Uhler Lancaster. Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law. — Late Attorney-General of Penn'a. 

July 18, 1892. Heydrick, Christopher Franklin, Pa. 

Attorne3'-at-Law. — Justice Supreme Court of Penn'a. — LL. D. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Heiges, George W York, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law. — Ex-Member Legislature of Penn'a. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Heiges, Samuel Beelman Washington, D. C. 

Dep't of Agriculture, Div. of Pomology. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Herman, Charles Andrew York, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Heckman, Frederic Creider Reading, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Herr, Martin Luther Lancaster, Pa. 

Physician. — M. D. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Hiester, Gabriel Harrisburg, Pa. 

April 12, 1893. Hill, Charles Frederick Hazleton, Pa. 

Insurance. — U. S. Commissioner. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Hiester, Isaac Reading, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law. — President Second National Bank. 
Jan. 15, 1897. Himes, Charles Francis Carlisle, Pa. 

Prof, of Physics, andLecturer on Scientific Expert Testimony,. 
Dickinsou School of Law — Ph. D. — LL. D. 

432 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Houck, Henry Lebanon, Pa. 

Deputy State Superintendent Public Instruction. 

}an II, 1893. Hoffer, John Henry Lebanon, Pa. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Hoffman, Amos York, Pa. 


Jan. 12, 1894. Hoffman, Walter James Mannheim, Germany. 

Physician— M. D. — U. S. Consul Mannheim, Germany- 
Bureau of Kthnology, Smithsonian Institute— Honorary 
Curator IJthn. Museum Catholic University of America 
-OfBcer, orders of Nichan — Iftikhar, Tunis, Bust of 
the Liberator, Venezuela, Crown of Steel of Araucania, 
Patagonia, Melusine, of Jerusalem, Cyprus and 
Armenia ; Knight. Royal order of the Crown, Prussia, 
Royal order of St. James ; Portugal, Grand Ducal Order 
of the Zaehringen Lion, Baden; Decorated with Royal 
Bavarian Ludwig medal for science and art, the Great 
Golden medal of merit for Science and art from the 
Emperor Francis Joseph It, Royal Norwegian Golden 
medal of merit with Crown, from King Oscar II, the 
Military medal of Steel at the non-combatant ribbon, 
for services as Surgeon in the Prussian Army during 
the War of 1870-71 ; Laureate in (Gold medalist) Royal 
Didactic Societj', Rome, Italy, (cross of merit ist class) 
Academica L'Union di Roma, Italia (Gold medalist 11 
class) L' Associazione dei Bene Meriti Italiani, Palermo, 
Italy, (Gold Cross) and Honorary President Dante 
Aligheri Academy, Catania, Italy, (chevalier of i class) 
Universal Humanitarian Society of the Maritime Alps, 
Palermo, Italy, (chevalier i class) of the Monde 
Humanitaire de Paris, France ; Active, Corresponding 
and Honorary Member of numerous Societies in 
America, Europe, Asia aud Africa. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Holtzinger, John H Harrisburg, Pa. 


April 15, 1891. Humrich, Christian Philip Carlisle, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Hubley, Alfred Augustus Lancaster, Pa. 


Oct. 15, 1896. Jacobs, Henry Eyster Mt. Airy, Phila., Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran— D. D.— LL. D.— Professor Lutheran 
Theological Seminary. 

April 15, 1891. Kauffman, Andrew John Columbia, Pa. 

April 15, 1891. Kershner, Jefferson E Lancaster, Pa. 

Prof of Mathematics in Franklin & Marshall College— Ph. D. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Kelker, Rudolph Frederick Harrisburg, Pa. 

Retired Merchant. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Kelker, William Anthony Harrisburg, Pa. 

Librarian Dauphin County Historical Society. 

Jan. 13, 1892. Keller, John Peter Harrisburg, Pa. 

Dentist— D. S. 

Surviving Members. 433 

Jan. ir, 1893. Keim, Beverly Randolph . . 1311 S. Broad St., Phila., Pa. 

Major and Quartermaster ist Brigade N. G. P. 

Jan. II, 1893. Kevinski, John Bruno Lancaster, Pa. 

Teacher of music. 

July 20, 1894. Kriebel, Howard Weigner Pennsburg, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Keller, Eli Zionsville, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed — D. D. 
Jan. 9, 1895. Kline, Clarence Winfield Hazleton, Pa, 

Attorney-at-I^aw— E;x-Member Senate of Penna. 
fan. 12, 1894. Kindig, Harrison York, Pa. 

Dealer in horses. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Keck, Winfield Scott Bethlehem, Pa. 


Jan. 16, 1896. Kriebel, Oscar Schultz Pennsburg, Pa. 

Clergyman, Schwenkielder— Principal Perkiomen Seminary— 
A. M.— B. D. 

April 14, 1896. Keagy, Franklin Chambersburg, Pa. 


Jan. 15, 1897. Keim, de Benneville Randolph Reading, Pa. 

Journalist— Late Agent of United States for investigation of 
its Consvilar Service throughout the world. 

Jan. II, 1893. Kulp, George Brubaker Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law — Editor. 

July 18, 1S92. Kuhns, Levi Oscar Middletown, Conn. 

Professor of Romance Languages, Wesleyan University— 
M. A. 

Jan. II, 1893. Lemberger, Joseph Lyon Lebanon, Pa. 

Pharmacist - Secretary Board of Trustees Asylum for Chronic 

Insane at Wernersville, Pa.— Trustee Philadelphia 

College of Pharmacy — Ph. M. 
Jan. II, 1893. Light, Simon P Lebanon, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law — A. M. 

July 20, 1894. Levering, Joseph Mortimer Bethlehem, Pa. 

R't Rev. Bishop, Moravian. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Livingood, Frank Shalter Reading, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Landis, Henry . . Reading, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan. 18, 1895. Landis, James Miller .... 1855 N. 12th St., Phila., Pa. 

Chief Clerk. First Vice President's office P. & R. R'y Co. 
Jan 16, 1896. Leibert, Morris William Bethlehem, Pa. 

Clergyman, Moravian. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Loucks, Augustus York, Pa. 

Alderman— Late Lieut. Independent Co. U. S. Vols. 
Jan, 13, 1892. McPherson, John Bayard Harrisburg, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law— Judge 12th Judicial District of Penna. 

434 ^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Jan. 9, 1895. McKnight, Milton Brayton Reading, Pa. 

Secretary Mt. Penn Stove Works. 

April 20, 1897. McClintock, Andrew Hamilton , . . Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 


April 15, 1891. Maurer, Daniel C Harrisburg, Pa. 


April 15, 1891. Martin, Edwin Konigmacker . 280 Broadway, N. Y. City, 

Attorney-at-La w . 

Jan. 16, 1896. Martin, Clayton E Reading, Pa. 


Jan. II, 1893. Meily, John Lebanon, Pa. 


Jan. II, 1893. Meily, Frank Edward Lebanon, Pa. 


Oct. II, 1893. Mentzer, John Franklin Ephrata, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Meminger, James Wilbert Lancaster, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed— B. A.— B. O. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Mechling, Benjamin Franklin Germantown, Pa. 

President, Albro-Clem Ellevator Co. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Mechling, Benjamin Schreiber .... Germantown, Pa. 


Oct. 15, 1896. Mechling, William Harrison Germantown, Pa. 


Jan. 15, 1897. Merkel, John Richmond Allentown, Pa. 

Instructor I^atin and Greek, Muhlenberg College — B. K.— B. 
S.— A. B.— A. M. 

April 20, 1897. Meily, James . . Betz Building, Philada., Pa. 

Railway Supplies, &c. 

April 15, 1891. Mish, John Weidman Lebanon, Pa. 

Oct. 3, 1894. Miller, Henry Grant Lebanon, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Minnich, Michael Reed. . 3200 Powelton Ave. Phila., Pa. 

I,ate Clergyman, t,utheran— Secretary Geo. S. Lovell Clock 

Jan. 9, 1895. Miller, Jonathan B Bernville, Pa. 


Jan. 15, 1897. Miller, Benjamin Franklin Lebanon, Pa. 


Oct. II, 1893. Mosser, Henry Reading, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed — D. D. 

April 15, 1891. Montgomery, Morton L Reading, Pa. 

April 15, 1891. Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus Reading, Pa. 

Attorney-at-I,aw— Penn'a. State Commission, Valley Forge. 

April 15, 1891. Mull, George Fulmer Lancaster, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed— Professor of I<atin in Franklin and 
Marshall College. 

Surviving Members. 435 

Jan. 9, 1895. Muhlenberg, William Frederick Reading, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

April 15, 1891. Meyers, Benjamin Franklin Harrisburg, Pa. 

Editor and Publisher — Ex-Member of Congress. 
April 15, 1891. Nead, Daniel Wunderlich . . 1848 Master St., Phila., Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

April 15, 1891. Nead, Benjamin Matthias Harrisburg, Pa. 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Neisser, Charles Henry South Bethlehem, Pa. 

Supt. South Bethlehem Gas and Water Co. 
April 20, 1897. Nichols, Henry Kuhl . . . Reading Terminal, Phila., Pa. 
Chief Engineer, P. & R. R'y Co. 

Jan. II, 1893. Orth, Henry C Harrisburg, Pa. 

Merchant and Underwriter. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Opp, Charles Benjamin Bethlehem, Pa. 

Suptu. Printing Dept. Moravian Publication Concern. 

April 15, 1891. Parthemore, E. Winfield Scott Harrisburg, Pa. 

Insurance and Real Estate. 
April 15, 1891. Pennypacker, Samuel Whitaker, 1107 Girard Building, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
lylv. D. — President Judge Philad'a Court of Common Pleas 
No. 2. — Trustee, University of Penn'a. — Vice President 
and Member of Council — Historical Society of Penn'a — 
Late President Law Academy of Philadelphia— Late 
President Penn'a-German Society — Late President 
Netherlands Society of Penn'a— Vice President Colonial 
Society of Penn'a — Founder and Manager Penn'a 
Society Sons of the Revolution — Past Commander Fred 
Taylor Post No. 19 Grand Army of the Republic — Late 
President 26th Penn'a Emergency Regiment Associa- 
tion — Late Controller Public Schools of Philada. for 29th 
ward — Penn'a State Commissioner, Valley Forge — 
Member Peuu'a SocietyjColonial Wars, Society War ot 
1812, American Philosophical Society, Verwaltungs 
Roth of the Deutsche Pionier Verein, Union League, 
Deutsche Gesellschaft.and Honorary Member Canstatter 
Volksfest Verein — Vice President Philobiblou Club — 
Author of thirty seven printed books and papers — Mem- 
ber Penn'a Bar Association and American Bar Associa- 

July 8, 1891. Pastorius, Francis Daniel Camden, N. J. 


Oct. 14, 1892. Porter, Thomas Conrad Easton, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed— D. D.— LL- D.— Professor (Emeritusv 
Lafayette College. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Peters, Madison, Boulevarde and W. 68th St., N. Y. City. 

ClergjTnan, Reformed— D. D. 

Jan. i6, 1896. Pershing, Theodore 1229 Arch St., Phila., Pa. 


436 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

April 15, 1891. Rauch, Edward Henry Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

Editor and Publisher — Late Captain Co. H. nth Reg^t. Penu'a. 

April 15, 1891. Ranck, George Hilde Brand New Holland, Pa. 

Editor— Ex-Member Penn'a. Legislature. 

July 20, 1894. Rau Robert Bethlehem, Pa. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Rath, Myron O Allentown, Pa, 

Clergyman, Lutheran— A. M. 
April 15, 1S91. Redsecker, Jacob H Lebanon, Pa. 

Pharmacist— Editor. 

April 12, 1893. Reinoehl, Adam Cyrus Lancaster, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law — Major. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Reinoehl, Jacob Ely Lebanon, Pa. 


Jan. 16, 1896. Reider, Abraham Henry ;Middletown, Pa. 

Cashier, Farmers' Bank. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Reed, Willoughby Henry Norristown, Pa.— Ph. G.— M. D. 
Jan. 15, 1897. Regar, Horace Kafroth . . 1509 N. 13th st. Philada., Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

July 8, 1891. Richards, Henry Melchior Muhlenberg . . Reading, Pa. 
Late Lieut. U. S. Navy — Aide-de-Camp National Staff late 
Commauder-in-Chief Palmer, Grand Army of the Re- 
public — Penn'a State Commission on "Frontier Forts"— 
Secretary Penn'a-German Society. 

April 12, 1893. Richards, Matthias Henry Allentown, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran^D. D. — Professor of English Litera- 
ture, Muhlenberg College. 

April II, 1894. Ritter, Milford Newton Reading, Pa. 


July 20, 1894. Rice, Joseph Alexander Bethlehem, Pa. 

Jan. 9, 1895 Rick, James Reading, Pa. 

Iron Manufacturer. 
Jan. 16, 1896. Rice, William Henry . . New Dorp. Staten Island, N. Y. 

Clergyman, Moravian. 
July 21, 1896. Richardson, William H Norristown, Pa. 

Editor, "The Millers' Review." 

Jan. 15, 1897. Rittenhouse, Aaron . . Broad & Wolf Sts. Philada., Pa. 

Clergyman, Methodist Episcopal — D. D. 

April 15, 1891. Ross, George Redsecker Lebanon, Pa. 

Pharmacist— Botanist — Phil. B. — Phar. G. 

July 18, 1892. Rohrer, Jeremiah Lancaster, Pa. 

Merchant — Late Major 127th Regt. Penn'a Vols. 

April II, 1894. Rhoads, Michael Albert Reading, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Surviving Members. 437 

Jan. 9, 1895. Rhoads, Thomas Jefferson Boyer .... Boyertown, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. — President Farmers' Nat. Bank — President 
Board of Health — Late Assistant Surgeon 169th Reg't 
Penn'a Vols. 
Jan. 9, 1895. Rothermel, Abraham Heckman Reading, Pa. 


Jan. 16, 1896. Roebuck, Peter J Lititz, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan 16, 1896. Roller, John Edwin Harrisonburg, Va. 

Attorney. at-Law — Ex-Member Senate State of Va. — Late 
Officer C. S. A. 

April 20, 1897. Rogers, George Hippie Lincoln, Neb. 


Oct 16, 1895. Rupp, Henry Wilson 551 N. i6th St., Phila., Pa. 

Dealer in jewelry. 

April 15, 1891. Sachse, Julius Friedrich . ..4437 Chestnut St., Phila., Pa. 

Editor — Treasurer Penu'a-German Society. 
Oct. 14, 1891. Stauffer, David McNeely . St. Paul Building, N. Y. City. 

Civil Engineer — Editor — A. M. 

April 15, 1891. Stahr, John S Lancaster, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed — Ph. D. — D. D. — President Franklin 
and Marshall College. 

April 15, 1891. Schmauk, Theodore Emanuel Lebanon, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran — D. D. — Editor "Lutheran Church 
Review" — President Penn'a-German Society. 
April 15, 1891. Schantz, Franklin Jacob Fogel Myerstown, Pa. 

Clergyman, Lutheran — D. D. 

July 18, 1892. Slaymaker, Henry Edwin Lancaster, Pa. 

Oct. II, 1893. Spangler, Henry Thomas Collegeville, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed — D. D. — Pres't Ursinus College. 
Oct. II, 1893. Spangler, Edward Webster York, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law — Editor. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Spangler, Jacob Rudolph York, Pa. 

Physician— M. D. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Small, William Latimer York, Pa. 

July 20, 1894. Schwartz, James Ernest Pittsburg, Pa. 

Prest. Penn'a Lead Co. — Late officer U. S. Vols. 

July 20, 1894. Schaeffer, Nathan C Lancaster, Pa. 

Clergyman. Reformed— Ph. D., D. D.— State Supt. of Public 

Jan. 9, 1895. Sahm, John Tritle Luther Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Spatz, Charles B Boyertown, Pa. 

Newspaper Publisher — Member Penn'a State Legislature. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Schaadt, James L Allentown, Pa. 


43S The Pennsylvajna-Gerrnan Society. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Schaeffer, Daniel Nicholas Reading, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Schaeffer, Charles Henry Reading, Pa. 

Attorn ey-at-Law. 
Oct. 15, 1896. Sahm, William Kapp Tritle Pittsburg, Pa. 

Phj'sician and Surgeon — M. D- 

Jan. 15, 1897. Saeger, Thomas William Allentown, Pa. 

Milling and Grain. 
April 15, 1891. Schweinitz, Paul de Nazareth, Pa. 

Clergyman, Moravian. 

April 15, 1891. Sheeleigh, Matthias Fort Washington, Pa. 

Clerg3'mau, Lutheran— D. D.— Kditor "Lutheran Year Book" 
and Lutheran "Sunday School Herald." 
April 15, 1891. Steinmann, George Lancaster, Pa. 


April 15, 1S91. Sener, Samuel Miller Lancaster, Pa. 


Jan. II, 1893. Shenk, Jacob Lebanon, Pa. 

July 18, 1892. Seltzer, A. Frank Lebanon, Pa. 

Attorn ey-at-Law — Colonel. 

April 15, 1891. Shenk, Christian Lebanon, Pa. 


Oct. 3, 1894. Shea, Christian Bernard Pittsburg, Pa. 


Jan. 16, 1896. Shimer, Jacob Schantz . . 1431 Franklin St. Philada., Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Schweinitz, Robert de Bethlehem, Pa. 

Clergyman, Moravian. 
April 20, 1897. Shellenberger, Jacob R Germantown, Pa. 

Physician — M. D. 

Oct. 14, 1891. Skiles, John Dunlap Lancaster, Pa. 

Jan. II, 1893. Shindel J. M Lebanon, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law— District Attorney— LL. B.— ist Lieut. 4th 
Regt. N. G. P. 

Oct. II, 1893. Smith, Emanuel S Loganville, Pa. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Shindel, Reuben Hathaway York.P a. 

Cashier City Bank. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Stichter, Franklin Goodhart Louisiana, Mo. 

Retired Merchant. 
July 21, 1896. Smith, Alfred Percival, 602 Provident Building, Phila., Pa. 

July 21, 1896. Smith, Alfred Mt. Airy, Phila., Pa. 


Oct. 15, 1896. Shimer, Edgar Dubs Jamaica, N. Y. 

Ass't. Supt. New York City Schools— Ph. D.— Late Prof- 
Psychology in N. Y. University. 

Surviving Members. 439 

Oct. 15, 1896. Shimer, Joseph Rosenberry Phillipsburg, N. J. 

wholesale Provision Dealer. 

Oct. 15, 1S96. Shimer, Porter William Easton, Pa. 

Metallurgical Chemist— Lecturer on Iron and Steel, I,afayette 
April 20, 1897. Shick, Robert Porter Reading, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law— A. M.— LL. B. 

July 15, 1897. Siegrist, Henry Warren Lebanon, Pa. 

Treas. Cornwall and Lebanon R: R. Co, 

Jan. II, 1893. Strouse, Benjamin Morris Lebanon, Pa. 


July 17, 1893. Schober, Frederick 478 N. 5th St., Phila., Pa. 

Mechanical Engineer — Late Asst. Eingineer U. S. Navy. 

July 20, 1894. Schropp, Abraham Sebastian Bethlehem, Pa. 

Secretary Bethlehem Iron Co. 

Jan. 15, 1897. Shonk, George Washington Plymouth, Pa. 

Attorney-at-Law — Ex-Member of Congress. 

July 15, 1897. Stout, John Kennedy Spokane, Wash. 

Attorney-at-Law. — Chief Signal Officer N. G. of Washington. 
— Member Staffs of Governors Semple and Moore. — 

Jan. II, 1893. Shultz, Charles Bagge Lititz, Pa. 

Clergyman, Moravian. 

April 20, 1897. Sutter, Daniel Mount Holly, N. J. 

Retired Merchant. 

Jan. 12, 1894. Trimmer, Daniel K York, Pa. 

Attorn ej--at-Law. 
Jan. 9, 1895. Trexler, Horatio Reading, Pa. 

President Nat. Union Bank. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Trexler, Harry C Allentown, Pa. 

April 15, 1891. Urner, Isaac Newton Parkerford, Pa. 

Late President Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss. — LL- D. 

Jan. 16, 1896. Unger, John F 1006 Mt. Vernon St., Phila., Pa. 

Civil Engineer — Manufacturer. 

April 15, 1891 Warfel, John B Lancaster, Pa. 

Publisher "New Era"— A. M. — Ex-Member Senate of Penn'a. 
Jan. 12, 1894. Wagner, John Carey Shippensburg, Pa. 

Editor "'News." 

April 15, 1891. Weiser, Clement Zwingli East Greenville, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed — D. D. 

April II, 1894. Weiser, William Franklin York, Pa. 


Jan. 9, 1895. Weimer, Walter Earle Lebanon, Pa. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Weaver, Ethan Allen . 3215 Spencer Terrace, W. Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 
Civil Engineer— C. E-— M. S.— Secretary Penn'a. Society Sons 
of Revolution. 

440 The Pennsylvania-German Society . 

Oct. 12, 1893. Witmer David S York, Pa, 


Jan. 9, 1895. Wiegand, Edwin Byron Reading, Pa. 


April 20, 1897. Wright, Jacob Ridgway Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Real Estate— Member of Congress. 

April 15, 1S91. Young, Hiram . York, Pa. 

Editor "Dispatch"— Ex-Postmaster, York, Pa. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Yundt, Thomas Marcks Womelsdorf, Pa. 

Clergyman, Reformed— A. M.— B. D.— Sec'yandSupt. Bethany 
Orphans' Home. 

July 15, 1897. Yeager, James Martin Carmel, N. Y. 

Clergyman— D. D.— President Drew Seminary for Young 

April 15, 1891. Zimmerman, Thomas C Reading, Pa. 

Editor "Times" and "Journal." 

Jan. 12, 1894. Zern, Jacob G Lehighton, Pa. 

Physician— M. D. 

Jan. 9, 1895. Zechman, William M , Reading, Pa. 

Superintendent of Schools. 


April II, 1894. Latimer, Hon. James W York, Pa. 

A()ril II, 1894. Kell, Joseph York, Pa. 

Oct. 15, 1896. Stille, Chartes J Philadelphia, Pa. 

President Historical Society of Penn'a.— LL. D. 


Bausman, John Watts Baer, was born March 12th, 1855^ 
in East Hempfield Township, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania^ 
and is the only child of Jacob Bausman (Oct. 18, 1812-Feb. 11, 
1894) and Mary Baer (May 25, i8i6-Feb. 11, 1862) who were 
married January 31, 1854. 

His paternal ancestry is traced back to Philip Bausman 
born in 1539 in Hockenheim, two miles from the city of Kreuz- 
nach in Rhein-Prussia, Germany. Jacob Bausman, the father,, 
was a son of John Bausman (Feb. 5, 1780-Nov. 20, 1861) and 
Elizabeth Peters (Dec. 19, 1779-Dec. 18, 1851) who were mar- 
ried April 4th, 1805. John was a son of Johann Heinrich 
Bausman (Oct. — 1746- April — 1793) and his wife Barbara of 
Freilaubersheim, and Johann Heinrich was a son of Andreas 
Bausman the great-great grandfather, born May 13th, 171 2, in 
the village of Hockenheim, above mentioned. John Bausman^ 
the grandfather, born Feb. 5th, 1780, in Freilaubersheim, came 
to America in 1802, to become the heir of his uncle Andreas 
Bausman (Feb. 25, 1734-Sept. 15, 1814) and his wife Elizabeth 
Weigel (Aug. 10, 1728-Sept. 26, 1813) who were childless. 
Andreas left Germany in 1755, and settled near Lancaster^ 
where others of his kin had lived for a number of years. He 

442 The Pennsylvania-Germa7i Society, 

invested his money in real estate and amassed a large fortune. 
(See record of his will, proved Sept. 22, 1814, Register's Office, 
Lancaster, Will Book K, vol. I, page 639, &c.) and lived and 
died on his lands between Lancaster and Millersville which are 
still in the Bausman family. 

The first of the name to settle in Lancaster came in 1725 
and after that the name occurs frequently in the early baptismal 
records of the First Reformed Church, as shown in vol's IV-V, of 
The Pennsylvania German Society. Members of the family held 
various positions of more or less importance. William Bausman 
(July I, 1724-Mar. 30, 1784, married to Elizabeth Hiester) a 
collateral ancestor, was Chief Burgess of Lancaster in 1774-1775, 
a member of the Committee of Safety, and was Master of the 
Barracks during the Revolutionary War, in all of which posi- 
tions he rendered conspicuous service. (See Penn'a Archives). 
He built in 1762 the old stone residence, No. 1 21-123 East King 
Street, Lancaster, which is still used as a dwelling house. His 
son William (June i, 1759-April 25, 1833) was Register and 
Recorder of the County from 1809-18 18. All of the family 
above named who died in America are buried in the Lancaster 
Cemetery, and the graves of some are among the oldest marked 
graves in the County. 

Mary Baer, the mother of the subject of this sketch, was a 
daughter of Henry Baer (Oct. 16, 1783-Oct. 15, 1843) and 
Anna Hershey (Sept. 9, 1791-April 15, 1861), Henry was a son 
of Martin Baer (Mar. 14, 1755-Aug. iq, 1838) who was mar- 
ried to his cousm Elizabeth Baer (Aug. 25, 1765-July 3, 1849), 
Martin was a son of Benjamin Baer (Feb. 16, 1727-Aug. 10, 
1799) and Maria Meylin, (April 10, 1735-July 27, 1806), and 
Benjamin was a son of Henry Baer (d. July 10, 1750) and Bar- 
bara his wife, the great, great, great, grandfather, and original 
settler who came from the Canton of Berne, Switzerland, to 
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, in the early part of 17 17. 
With a view of acquiring land, he made application on the 27th 
of July of that year to William Penn's deputies for a warrant for 
500 acres. fSee Everts and Peck's History of Lancaster county. 

Biographical Sketches. 443 

page 866). The warrant was issued May 4th, 17 18, and the 
land ' 'surveyed and laid out' ' on the 30th of the same month. 
On June 20th, following, a patent was granted by the Proprie- 
taries of the Province, (see Rolls office at Philadelphia, Patent 
Book A, vol. 5, page 357, &c.) to Henry Baer, properly spelled 
Bar, afterwards Baer, for 300 acres of land in the valley of the 
little Conestoga, in what is now East Hempfield Township, four 
miles west of Lancaster City, where he became the original 
settler, and where some of his descendants to this day occupy a 
part of his lands, and on which the subject of this sketch was 
born. The original patent, with the Proprietary Seal, is 
now in the possession of Mr, Bausman. Henry Baer subse- 
quently acquired other large tracts of land; (see record of his 
will proved July 18, 1750, in Register's office at Lancaster, in 
Will Book I, vol. I, page 12, &c. ) The above ancestors of 
Mary Baer, excepting the original settler, are buried in Habec- 
ker's Burying Ground, one half mile north of the Village ot 

Mr. Bausman pursued his early studies at the Millersville 
State Normal School. He entered Lafayette College in 1870, 
and was graduated from there in 1874. For a year and a half 
he was a clerk in The Farmers National Bank, the oldest bank 
in Pennsylvania outside of Philadelphia, of which his father was 

He then resumed his law studies and was addmitted to the 
bar in December, 1877. \\\ 1880 he was made a director of 
The Farmers National Bank and continued as such until January 
1892, when he succeeded his father as president, a position he 
still holds. He is treasurer and trustee ot Franklin and Mar- 
shall College, having succeeded his father who held these posi- 
tions for 28 years. He is also treasurer of The Franklin and 
Marshall College Savings and Loan Association, of The Lan- 
caster, Oxford and Southern R. R. Co. , of The Manor Turnpike 
Road Company, and of The Hamilton Club. He is president 
of the Juniata Sand Co., and director in a number of street 
railway companies. As executor, trustee, &c., he has executed 

444 ^^^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

a number of large trusts. He is a manager of Bethany Orphans 
Home of Womelsdorf, of which his uncle Rev. B. Bausman, D. 
D., of Reading, is president, a trustee of Yeates Institute, and 
a trustee of St. Paul's Reformed Church, Lancaster. He is a 
member of the University Club and Union League of Philadel- 
phia, of the American Bar Association, of the Pennsylvania 
Historical Society, of the Lancaster county Historical Society, 
and of the various Masonic orders located at Lancaster. 
He became a member of the Penn'a-German Society at its or- 

Mr. Bausman was married April 28th, 1880, to Annette 
Franklin, a daughter of Hon. Thomas E. Franklin (April 20, 
1810-N0V. 28, 1884) and Serena Mayer (Dec. 16, 1816-Sept. 
11, 1877.) She was born July 23, 1854, ^""^ <^ied June i8th, 
1882, leaving a son Thomas Franklin Bausman, born June 12, 

On May 24, 1892, Mr. Bausman was married to Blanche 
Franklin, youngest daughter of Hon. Thomas E. Franklin. 
They have one child, John W. B. Bausman, jr., born April 
9th, 1893. 

In 1881-82 he built the residence. No. 325 West Chestnut 
Street, Lancaster, where he now resides. 

Brunner, Franklin Henry, was born in Bethlehem, 
Penn'a, on October 8, i860. He is the only son of C. Otto 
Brunner, Treasurer Bethlehem Iron Co., born there October 28, 
1830, son of Samuel Brunner, born at Nazareth, Penn'a, June 
10, 1807, died Jan. 16, 1880, son of Christian Brunner, born at 
Gnadenthal, near Nazareth, Dec. 25, 1776, died Jan. 5, 1868, 
son of Heinrich Brunner, born in Zinsville, Alsace, Germany, 
June 4, 1739, died at Nazareth June 29, 18 18. His mother was 
Sabina Malinda Morgan, born Jan. 19, 1831, at Harrisburg, 
Penn'a. He is also a direct descendant, on the paternal side^. 
of Dr. John Frederick Rudolphi, a Moravian Medical mission- 
ary, and Dr. Matthew Otto. 

Surviving Members, 445 

Mr. Brunner was educated in the Moravian Parochial 
School and Lehigh University, and now holds a responsible 
position in the Executive office of the Bethlenem Iron Co. He 
is a member of various local Moravian Church Societies, a 
director of the Moravian Aid Society, member of the Moravian 
Historical Society, the Phi Delta Theta College Fraternity, the 
Unami Club, a prominent social organization of Bethlehem, and 
was elected to membership in the Penn'a-German Society on 
Jan. 16, 1896. 

On April 12, 1887, he was married to Benigna Magdalene de 
Schweinitz, youngest daughter ol the Rt. Rev. Edmund de 
Schvveinitz. They have one son, Edmund de Schweinitz 
Brunner, born in November, 1889. 

DiEFENDERFER, WALTER Benneville, was born in West 
Brunswick township, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, June 17, 
1861. His parents were John Henry and Martha Ann (Wagner) 
Diefenderfer. His grandparents were John and Christiana 
(Dunkel) Diefenderfer, and his great-grandparents, on his 
father's side, were Henry and Susan (Jarrett) Diefenderfer. 

His maternal grandparents were William and Elizabeth 
(Neff) Wagner, and his great-grandparents Christopher and 
Anna Maria (Gettle) Wagner. His mother's maternal grand- 
parents were John and Susannah (Knepper) Neff. 

Dr. Diefenderfer was educated in the public schools and the 
State Normal schools at Millersville and Lock Haven, graduat- 
ing from the latter institution in 1883. After teaching for three 
terms in the public schools of Schuylkill county, he began the 
study of medicine under the preceptorship of Dr. J. T, Car- 
penter, Sr. , of Pottsville, Pa., and graduated from the Medical 
Department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1888. He at 
once began the practice of medicine in Philadelphia, being at 
the same time connected with the Polyclinic hospital. In 1890 
he was appointed a Medical Examiner in the service of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, which position he still holds, 
being stationed at Cresson, Pa. 

446 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

He was elected to membership in the Penn' a- German 
Society on April 14, 1896. 

DuNDORE, Franklin, was born in Bern Township, near 
Bern Church, Berks county, Pennsylvania, April 6th, 1838, and 
is the son of Gabriel Dundore and Lydia Dewees. '"A Genea- 
logical Record of the Dundore family in America" carefully 
compiled by Nathan Dundore, an older brother, and published 
January, 1881, is in the possession of "The Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania," 1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia, giving- the 
origin and growth of the family from the birth of his ancestor 
Jacob Dundore, July 25th, 1720, to the present period. Jacob 
may have been born either in Alsace or Lorraine, the birth- 
place being the only unsettled point in the history, but his edu- 
cation was unmistakably German, and he came to America 
about the year 1745 and settled in Tulpehocken Township, 
Berks county, Pennsylvania. He lived forty-four years after 
settling in Berks county, and eight children, five sons and three 
daughters, were his offspring. His wife, Anna Maria Brecht 
(Bright) survived him for about five years. The third was a 
son, John Dundore, who became a farmer in Bern Township, 
Berks county, and married Catharine Geiss. Their eldest son 
was John Jacob Dundore, who was born August 31st, 1776, and 
married Margaretta Werheim. They had three children, two 
daughters and one son, Gabriel, born December 20th, 1799, the 
father of the subject of this sketch. 

Franklin was the third son of Gabriel's second wile, and in 
his early youth was obliged to avail himself of the limited 
advantages of a country school at Bern Church, attending the 
public schools and Rev. W. A. Good's Academy in Reading 
later, and graduating in the Iron City Commercial College of 
Pittsburg in 1858. His first employment was an apprenticeship 
at tinsmithing, and in 1856-7 he was a dry-goods clerk in Dyers- 
ville, Dubuque county, Iowa. After serving as cashier with J. 
L. Stichter and Bard & Reber, hardware merchants in Reading, 
Pennsylvania, in i860 he took a position with Seyfert, McManus 

Biographical Sketches. a^a^j 

& Co., iron men in that city, and in 1862 became a partner in the 
firmofMcHose, Eckert&Co., roUing-mill operators. The mills 
were transferred to the West Reading Iron Company, and Mr. 
Dundore acted as Treasurer, resigning in 1865, to go into the 
iron commission business in Philadelphia. Thus he was em- 
ployed until the panic of 1873, which interrupted the iron 
business for such a long time that he entered into the business 
of banker and broker in 1877, which he still continues at 428- 
430 Library Street. 

Mr. Dundore is a Republican. He was a member of the 
Twelfth Section School Board, and in February 1876 was 
elected to the Select Council from the Twelfth Ward, serving 
from January 1877, until April 1880. While in Council he was 
one of the most active and progressive members, and did good 
service for the City as Chairman of the Committee on Improve- 
ment of the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. This committee 
he had changed from a special to a standing committee, and it 
became and still is the Committee on Commerce and Navigation, 
and under Mr. Dundore' s direction was very successful in secur- 
ing national legislation making appropriation for the improve- 
ment of our rivers and harbor. In 1878 he was appointed by 
the City Councils to convey resolutions tendering the hospitali- 
ties of the city to General U. S. Grant, who was then sojourn- 
ing in Europe ; in pursuance of which Mr, Dundore departed 
on his mission July 8th, 1878, sailing for Antwerp and proceed- 
ing to Paris, where he presented the resolutions to General 
Grant. Returning home Mr. Dundore served on the Recep- 
tion Committee which received General Grant in March 1879. 
Upon his retirement from the Council, he was presented with a 
testimonial, by resolution, for his services in behalf of the com- 
mercial interests of the City, in the shape of a beautiful 
engrossed set of resolutions which bears the signatures of 
Mayor W. S. Stokely, George A. Smith, President of the 
Select Council, Joseph L. Caven, President of the Common 
Council, and officials of every railroad corporation and commer- 
cial organization in the city. He also served on Finance, Water 

448 ^/^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

and Fire Department, Police and Survey Committees. After 
his retirement from the Select Council Mr. Dundore was elected 
a Trustee of the city ice boats for three years, and in the Bi-Cen- 
tennial celebration was appointed by Mayor King on the Finance 
Committee and acted as an aid to Commodore Ferguson, who 
managed the river display on Landing Day. 

Mr. Dundore was one of the original Directors of the Sun- 
bury and Lewistown Railroad, and also one of the projectors of 
several railroad enterprises in Kansas which are now in success- 
ful operation. He was also one of the originators of the 
Tradesmen's National Bank of Conshohocken. During the re- 
bellion he served in the Twentieth Regiment, P. V. M. He is 
well-known in Masonic circles, being a member of Chandler 
Lodge, No. 227, Creigh Council, No. 16, Royal and Select 
Masters, H. R. A. Chapter, No. 152, and St. John's Command- 
ery. No. 4. K. T. He is also a member of Olympian Senate, 
No. 15, Order of Sparta, and the Union League, and was elected 
to membership in the Penna-German Society on April 11, 1894. 

On October 8th, 1861, Mr. Dundore married Miss Mary J. 
Rick, daughter of the late Charles Rick, of Reading. They 
have three children — Charles Rick Dundore, Ellen Lydia, and 
Franklin Jr. Charles R. Dundore is unmarried ; Ellen Lydia 
Dundore is married to Louis Charles Sauveur — they have four 
children, viz : Louis, Charles Natalie Madelaine, Juanita and 
Franklin Dundore Sauveur. 

Franklin Dundore, Jr., married Emma Wilson Simpson. 
They have one child, a daughter, Rita. 

Mr. Dundore' s mother, Lydia Dewees, was a descendant of 
Samuel Dewees of revolutionarj^ fame. She was daughter of 
John Jacob Dewees, who was son of John Dewees, who was son 
of Samuel Dewees, who with a brother came over from England 
in the first half of the last century. At the breaking out of the 
revolution he promptly enlisted, first as a recruiting sergeant, 
also enlisted his three eldest sons, John, William and Samuel, 
the latter being only fifteen and serving as a fifer. Afterwards 
attached to the loth Pennsylvania he participated in the battle 

Biographical Sketches. 449 

of Long Island where he was wounded and taken prisoner. 
Thereafter he was in the hospital service. His last post was 
near Bethlehem in charge of a fever hospital where in the fall of 
1777 he himself succumbed to the fever. Mr. John Smith 
Ha ina, of Baltimore, published a book (360 pp. in possession of 
Historical Society of Penn'a) in 1844, "The Life and Services 
of Capt. Samuel Dewees of Pennsylvania." He closes his in- 
troduction to this interesting book as follows : ' 'That father and 
mother, brothers and sons, might well have been denominated 
the Patriotic Warrior Family." 

Flores, Philip Wetzel, b. August 9, 1832, near Dilling- 
ersville, Lehigh county. Pa. His g. grandfather, Michael 

Flores, d. 1785, m. Maria Elizabeth emigrated, in 1745, 

from Wurtemberg, Germany, to Pennsylvania, settling near the 
present village of Dillingersville, where he took up 137 acres of 
land (date of patent Feb. 22, 1763.) He was a farmer and 
blacksmith, and, by faith, a Lutheran. They had Issue two sons 
and six daughters. 

His grandfather, Johann Michael Flores, b. March 14, 1756, 
d. March 14, 1799, 5th child and oldest son, m. Anna Maria 
Heiser (i 756-1 836), dau. David Heiser, with whom he had four 
daughters and six sons — Henry, George, Solomon, Peter, 
Frederick and William, of whom George served as private in 
Capt. Gangewer's Company, in the war of 181 2. He was of 
the same business and faith as his father, and served as a private 
during the Revolution. 

His father, Peter Heiser Flores (March 20, 1792-Oct. i, 
1865) m. March 26, 1826, Elizabeth Wetzel (July 22, 1804-July 
II, 1889), oldest dau. Philip Truckenmiller Wetzel, by whom 
he had issue two sons ( oldest died in infancy) and four daugh- 
ters — Maria m. Jacob Carl, Anna m. Willoughby Staudt, 
Lydia m. George Kerwer, Elizabeth m. John G. Rosenberry. 
He was 8th child, by occupation a weaver and farmer, inheriting 
part of the old farm. 

450 The Pennsylvania-Geniian Society. 

On the maternal side his g. grandfather, Johann George 
Wetzel, emigrated 1764, m. Catharina dau. Sebastian Trucken- 
miller ; his grandfather, Philip Truckenmiller Wetzel (Dec. 25, 
r773-Jan. 27, 1863) m. Elizabeth Schaub (April 9, 1783-Feb. 
23, 1 871) dau. Hans. vSchaub, and had issue six sons and six 
daughters. He was a wheelwright and member Reformed 

Mr. Flores has spent his life upon the farm, receiving his 
education in the public schools of the locality. He has always 
taken great interest in literary matters and has succeeded in 
gathering together quite a library, of which some of the books 
are very old. He has been especially interested in local history 
and is the author of various sketches on that subject, amongst 
which are "Historj^ of Lower and Upper Milford" in "History 
of Lehigh and Carbon counties" (Evarts and Richard, Phila., 
1884,) together with sundry articles in "Skizzen aus dem Lecha 
Thai" (Trexler and Hartzell, AUentown, 1880-86.} 

He is a member of the Reformed Church (confirmed Nov. 
1854 by Rev. John B. Poerner) and has always been active in 
this work. He was an incorporator and trustee of the "Union 
School and Church Association" (1866) for the establishment of 
a free summer school at Dillingersville. 

In Nov. 1862, he was commissioned 2d Lieut., Co. K, 
176th Regt. P. D. M. and served with his regiment until mus- 
tered out Aug. 18, 1863. He was Asst. Assessor U. S. Int. 
Revenue [1864-67], postmaster of Dillingersville [1866-1887], 
census enumerator for Lower Milford [1890], and is a member 
of the Coopersburg Lodge, No. 390, I. O. of O. F. 

On Jan. i, 1866, he married Lucetta Larosch, dau. Israel 
Larosch, of French Huguenot descent, with whom he had three 
daughters, Mary Ehzabeth, m. Menno Krammes, Emmaline, 
Sarah Anne, m. Eugene Schell, and one son, James Abraham 
Garfield, b. April 28, 1882. 

Mr. Flores became a member of the Pennsylvania-German 
Society on April 20, 1897. 

Biogi'aphical Sketches. 451 

HiMES, Charles Francis, the widely known scientist and 
instructor, was born in Lancaster county, Pa., in 1838. The 
family, however, came from Adams county and his father, 
William D. Himes, and his grandfather, Colonel George Himes, 
were both well known citizens of the Commonwealth. Dr. 
Himes at an early age manifested a taste for scholastic pursuits. 
When only seventeen years of age he graduated at Dickinson 
College with high rank, receiving the degree of A. B. Im- 
mediately after graduation he taught Mathematics and Natural 
Science in a seminary of the Wyoming Conference for a year, 
then went to Missouri, where he taught in the public schools and 
read law at the same time with the intention of settling in that 
state. During a visit to the East he was persuaded to resume 
teaching, and after being connected with Baltimore Female Col- 
lege for a year, he became professor of Mathematics in Troy 
University from i860 to 1863. In the latter year he went to 
Germany, and prosecuted scientific studies at the University at 
Giessen. In the fall of 1865 he returned to America to enter 
upon the professorship of Natural Science in Dickinson College, 
which he had accepted upon the urgent request of the faculty 
and prominent friends of the college. He at once proposed 
and carried out successfully elective Laboratory Courses of study 
in the Junior and Senior years, among the very first of the kind, 
according to the report of the national Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, in the country, and by pen and addresses he advocated the 
New Education of that date. In 1885, ^^ the opening of the 
Jacob Tome Scientific Building, Dr. Himes assumed the chaii 
of Physics. He had contributed much to the erection of this 
building by his persistent advocacy of enlarged facilities for the 
expanded department. Complete Physical Laboratory courses 
were at once added to the curriculum of the college. At the 
commencement, in June 1896, Professor Himes presented his 
resignation to the Trustees because of the serious demand made 
upon his time by the purely routine work of professorship. In 
accepting the resignation of Professor Himes, the Board of 
Trustees coupled with expressions of regret the conferment of 

452 The Pennsylvania-Ger7na7i Society. 

the degree of LL. D., in recognition of his attainments and his 
great services to the college. The graduating class made a 
prominent feature of Class-day exercises the unveiling of a 
portrait of Dr. Himes, hung in Bosler Hall, presented by the 
class to the college, with remarks expressive of the high place 
held by him in the affections of his students. The consensus of 
opinion of the alumni of the thirty- one years of his pro- 
fessorship seems to be, that as a teacher he never confined 
his instruction to the text book and his methods were per- 
sonal rather than mechanical, and inspiring to thoughtful 
study rather than to sporadic cram, whilst his acknowledged 
success as a disciplinarian, without the use of a demerit mark 
throughout his long professorship, seemed to be due to the 
universal respect of his classes resulting from a dignified 
and friendly intercourse. Naturally a man of fine feeling 
and noble instincts, he has endeared himself to every class, 
and he will be remembered with great respect by every one 
familiar with his work. Dr. Himes has seen much of scientific 
and social life in the old world. As before stated he was a 
student there from 1863 to 1865, and in 1872, 1883, and again 
in 1890 visited the old world accompanied by his family. As 
he was one of the earliest amateur photographers, and always 
abreast of the most advanced methods, his camera has always 
been a valuable companion in these trips, furnishing valuable 
notes of travel, including views of the glaciers of the Zermatt 
region of Switzerland. Practice of Photography for its educa- 
tional value, and as an aid in scientific investigation, has had a 
place in the Physical Laboratory of the college for years. Dr. 
Himes also organized and conducted successfully the first Sum- 
mer School of Photography, at Mt. Lake Park, Md., in 1884 
and 1885. The school is still in successful operation. He has 
been a frequent contributor to home and foreign photographic 
literature. Besides his regular work in the college he has de- 
livered numerous lectures and addresses of a scientific, educa- 
tional and popular character. Among those published, some 
fully illustrated, may be mentioned those on "Actinism or the 

Biographical Sketches. 453 

Scientific Basis of Photography," delivered at the International 
Electrical Exhibition in Philadelphia : on "The Stereoscope and 
its AppHcations;" on "Amateur Photography in its Educational 
Relations," before the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia; 
on "The Scientific Expert in Forensic Procedure," 
before the Franklin Institute and the Dickinson School 
of Law ; "Science in the Common Schools," before the 
Pennsylvania State Teachers' Association; "Phenomenon of 
the Horizontal Moon and Convergency of the Optic 
Axes in Binocular Vision," before the New York Academy 
of Sciences ; "Scientific Theories and Creeds," before 
the American Institute of Christian Philosophy; "Photography 
as an Educational Means," before the Congress at the Colum- 
bian Exposition. His contributions to scientific and educational 
literature are numerous and valuable, and include "Preparation 
of Photographic Plates by Day-light," "Methods and Results 
of Observations of Total Eclipse of the Sun," "Review of Pro- 
fessor Porter's American Colleges and American Public," 
"Methods of Teaching Chemistry," "Photography among the 
Glaciers," "Investigation of the Electric Spark by means of 
Stereoscopic Photography," &c. , &c. 

From 1872 to 1879 Dr. Himes was associated with Professor 
S. F. Baird in the preparation of the "Record of Science and 
Industry," published by the Harpers, and of the scientific 
columns of Harper's publications, and other periodicals. He 
has also published "Will's Tables for Chemical Analysis," trans- 
lated and enlarged, three editions; "Leaf-Prints, a text-book of 
Photographic Printing;" "the Stereoscope, Its History, Theory, 
and Construction;" "Report of the Section of the United 
States Government Expedition, Stationed at Ottumwa, Iowa, to 
Observe and Photograph the Total Eclipse of the Sun, in 1869;" 
"History of Dickinson College, more particularly of the Scien- 
tific Department, and of Scientific Education in America," Il- 
lustrated; "Address at the opening of The Jacob Tome Scien- 
tific Building." Professor Himes is a Member and Fellow oi 
the American Association for the Advancement of Science; the 

454 ^^^^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 

American Philosophical Society of Philadelphia; the New York 
Academy of Sciences; the Philadelphia Photographic Society; 
the Maryland Academy of Sciences, &c. He was elected to 
membership in the Penna-German Society Jan. 15, 1897. 

Professor Himes married Miss Mary E. Murray, a daughter 
of Rev. Joseph A. Murray, D. D., a prominent Presbyterian 
minister. Two daughters brighten his household. 

Aside from his duties as a Professor, he was for many years 
Treasurer of the corporation and Secretary of the Board of 
Trustees up to the recent meeting. As senior professor in ser- 
vice, he was acting president of the college for months at a time. 
In each of these relations to the college, as well as professor, his 
term of service has exceeded that of any other in the long his- 
tory of the college. 

Keim, de Benneville Randolph, was born in the city of 
Reading, Berks county, Penn'a, on Jan i, 1841. He is the 
son of John High (Hoch) Keim, of Reading, Pa., Hardware 
Merchant and Manufacturer, b. there Jan. 26, 18 17, d. Oct. 29, 
1858, and Martha Elizabeth Randolph, of Winchester, Va., b. 
in Cumberland county, Va., April 6, 18 18, d. in Reading, June 
4, 1890, (dau. of Gen. Thomas Beverley Randolph, of Va. 
officer in the U. S, Army, distinguished in the War of 181 2 
and War with Mexico, in command of the Virginia troops, and 
Maria Barbara Mayer, of Lancaster, Pa., a direct descendant of 
Melchior Mayer, Staudthauptman of Ulm, 15501; grandson of 
Benneville Keim of Reading, Pa., Bank President (Farmer's) 
and Hardware Merchant, b. there Nov. 3, 1790, d. there Oct. 
31, 1872, and Mary High (Hoch) of Cumru Township, Berks 
county, Pa., b. there June 16, 1792, d. in Reading, July 14, 
1833, I dau. of Isaac Hoch, second in descent from Rudolph 
Hoch, b. in Elzass, Germany, settled in Oley, Philadelphia, 
later Berks county, in 1725, and Sarah Hottenstein, dau. 
of William Hottenstein, grandson of Jacob of the sons of 
Ernst von Hottenstein, Mayor of Esslingen, Germany, who 
settled in Oley 1729, and descended through a known lineage 

Biographical Sketches. 455 

of Prankish Province Knight, Count Riebold von Hottenstein, of 
the Spessard Wald near Aschaffenberg, Germany, A. D. 380); 
great grandson of John Keim of Reading, b. in Oley, Pa., July 
6, 1750, d. in Reading, Pa., Feb. 10, 1819, Land Owner, 
Hardware Merchant and Manufacturer, a Quaker, yet served in 
the ranks and the Hne of the Pennsylvnia troops during the war 
for American Independence, one of the incorporators of the 
borough of Reading, 1783, Burgess, and Susanna de Benneville, 
b. in Oley, Pa., May 15, 1748, d. in Reading, Pa., Jan. 15, 
1837, (dau. of Dr. George de Benneville, of a Norman French 
Protestant family which came to England in the suite of William, 
Prince of Orange, b. in London, July 26, 1703, pardy raised by 
Queen Anne, his godmother, sentenced to be guillotined in 
France for teaching his doctrine of Universal restoration, par- 
doned by Louis XV, came to America, settled in Oley where he 
first taught the doctrines of the Universalist Church, of which 
he was the founder in America, married Esther Bertolet, dau. 
of Jean Bertolet, also a Huguenot refugee in Oley); great-great- 
grandson of Nicholas Keim, Farmer of Oley, b. there April 2, 
17 19, d. in Reading, Aug. 2, 1802, one of the first taxables in 
Reading when founded 1752, founder of the hardware and iron 
business there, and Barbara Schneider of Oley, Pa., b. there 
Oct. 1727, d. June 8, 1788, (dau. of Hans Schneider, who d. 
1743, one of the early German Protestant settlers of Oley); 
gr. gr. gr. grandson, by his first wife, of Hans (Johann) Keim, of 
Oley, b. in Elzass, Germany, exact date unknown, d. Oley, Pa. 
1752, according to his will, a Pietist, joined the Germantown 
setdement, 1698 one of the pioneers who penetrated the Mana- 
tawny region, 1704 took out his first warrant for land in Oley, Pa., 
27 day, II month, 1719-20, surveyed June 3, 1720, his warrant 
being one of the first five warrants for land seated within the 
wild region, then in Philad'a, now known as Berks, county. Pa. 
(see warrant books, Harrisburg, Pa.), and which tract is still 
owned by a descendant. He was descended through a lineage 
long known and distinguished under the German Emperors (see 
German MSS in Mr. Keim's possession, and correspondence 

456 The Pennsylvania-German Society . 

with Maj. General Ernst Keim, Bavarian Army, Munich, Bavaria, 
as well as Herr Ludwig Keim, Carlesruhe, Baden). 

The subject of this sketch was educated in private schools 
and the Pennsylvania Military Institute in Reading, Bolmar's 
Academy at West Chester, Pa. His college course was inter- 
rupted by the death of his father. In i860 began journalism ; 
1 860- 1 Captain First City Zouaves now the City Grays of Har- 
risburg N. G. of Pa.; 1861 correspondent New York Thjies at 
St. Louis; 1862 War Correspondent New York Herald with 
the armies of Grant, Sherman, McPherson, Banks, Sheridan in 
Tennessee, Mississippi, including the Vicksburg campaign, Ala- 
bama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, (the Atlanta 
campaign) Valley of the Shenandoah; 1864, Washington City 
Staff New York Herald; 1864-5, Editorial Staff New York 
Herald; 1865-6, Foreign Staff New York Herald in Europe, 
Africa, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and Van Diemen's Land 
(Tasmania); 1866-8, Washington Bureau New York Herald; 
1868-9, correspondent New York Herald with Gen. Sheridan 
during his winter campaign against the Indian tribes of the 
southwest ; 1869-70, Washington correspondent New York 
Herald kom the Executive Mansion; 1869, special commissioner 
New York Herald to San Domingo with reference to annexation, 
also visited St. Thomas, Porto Rico and Cuba and conveyed to 
President Grant the overtures of President Baez for annexation 
of the Island ol San Domingo to the United States, recalled to 
accompany President Grant on his tour through New England 
and eastern New York ; 1870, accepted, at the personal request 
of President Grant, conveyed orally and by letter, the post of 
agent of the United States tor the investigation of the 
Consular service, under a special act of Congress, having 
previously declined a foreign post, and also received verbal 
instructions from the Pre.'^ident respecting certain diplomatic 
missions. Visited Japan, China, from Pekin and the great 
Wall to Hankow and Canton, Cochin China, Malay Penin- 
sula and adjacent islands, India from Calcutta to Delhi and 
Bombay, Arabia, the Red Sea, Egypt, Jamaica and all 

Biographical Sketches. 457 

the countiies of South America except Venezuela and 
Paraguay and all the countries of Europe except the Scan- 
dinavian and Iberian Peninsulas; the official correspondence 
and reports covering the Consular service in these countries 
were printed by order of Congress in four parts ; declined an 
offer of advancement in official service; 1873 returned to Wash- 
ington journalism representing at the same time, at Washington, 
the Philadelphia Press and Telegraph, Pittsburg Commercial, 
and Commercial Gazette; St. Louis Globe- Democrat, The ho7i 
Age and Harrisburg Telegraph, with special arrangements with 
the New York Tribune, Chicago Times and Cincinnati Commer- 
cial ; later the Philadelphia Times and Albany Journal ; 1889 
the Philadelphia Inquirer, Albany ybz/r?m/ and Harrisburg, Pa., 
Telegraph, of the latter journal he became part owner in 1882. 
At the same time he did much special work particularly on 
Washington social life for the Washington Evening Star and 
other journals. He was the author of numerous magazine 
articles and contributor to compiled works during the war and 
since, author of "Sheridan's Troopers on the Borders," 
"Sketches of Santo Domingo," "Hand-book of Washington and 
its Environs," and "Hand-book of Official and Social Etiquette," 
"Society in Washington," &c. 

On June 25, 1872, Mr. Keim married Jane A. Sumner 
Owen, b. in Hartford, Conn., Feb. 18, 1844, descended from 
Peter Brown of the Mayflower, George Denison, the Crom- 
wellian officer wounded at the battle of Naseby and the "Miles 
Standish" of Conn., Robert Denison a soldier, and Peter Brown, 
Captain of a Privateer in the Connecticut service during the war 
for American Independence. She was graduated from the Hart- 
ford High School, 1862, took a post graduate course at East 
Greenwich Seminary, R. I. ; founded the Sixth Ward Reading 
Rooms and Temperance Society, which grew into the union for 
home work in her native city. In 1890 at the request ot Mrs. 
Benjamin Harrison, wife of the President of the United States, 
President General Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. 
Keim became a charter member [No. 48] of that organization 

45S TJie Pennsylvania-German Society. 

now numbering over 20,000 women. She was one of the first 
five State Regents, and in her native state of Connecticut dur- 
ing- her Regency founded thirty chapters comprising fourteen 
hundred members, being the banner state three times over of 
the D. A. R. In 1894 she became First Vice President Gen- 
eral, D. A. R. As member of the Continental or Memorial 
Hall Committee, D. A. R., she prepared a bill for the donation 
of a site by the Congress of the United States, Irom the public 
grounds of Washington city, for the erection of a Continental 
Memorial building to cost $200,000 to commemorate the ser- 
vices of the forefathers and foremothers of the American Revo- 

After an extended tour through Europe with his bride, Mr. 
Keim returned to Washington in 1S73. After years of travel, 
longing lor his native hills of Berks, he purchased a tract of 
land known as Keimhausen, upon the southern slope of Mount 
Penn within the limits of the city of Reading. The following- 
year he there erected his home residence, "Edge-Mount," 
which he has since occupied during the summers and spending 
the winters in Washington with his wife and daughters, pro- 
fessionally, the elder Elizabeth Randolph married in 1895 to 
Lieut. Charles Willauwer Kutz, of Reading, Pa. , Corps of Engi- 
neers, U. S. Army, and the younger Miss Harriet Virginia 
Keim. His sons deBenneville and John Owen are deceased. 

Mr. Keim has been a life member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania since April 28, 1873, and a Life Contributor since 
June 6, 1873, to the Publication Fund of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. He was elected to membership in the Penn'a- 
German Society on Jan. 15, 1897. 

Keller, Eli, was born Dec. the 20th, A. D. 1825, in 
Northampton county. Pa. His parents were John Henry Keller, 
and Mary iiee Engler his wife. He was raised on a farm, and 
accustomed to all manner of manual work. His early education, 
he received in the common schools of that day. In the summer 
of 1843, he attended the Grammar-school of Dr. John Vande- 

Biographical Sketches. 459 

veer, at Easton, Pa. Subsequently he studied Surveying 
privately, under the direction of his father, and for several 
winters, taught public schools. He was at that time extensively 
engaged In Sunday-school work, and served also as a Lieut, in a 
volunteer military company. 

In the spring of 185 1 he came to Mercersburg, Pa., and took 
up a regular classical course of studies. When Marshall college 
was moved to Lancaster, Pa., (1853), and united with Franklin 
college, he was a member of the Freshman Class, and had under 
his care, the property of the "Diagnothian Literary Society," 
to which he belonged. At the end of his Sophomore year, he 
returned to Mercersburg, to pursue theological studies, under 
the instruction of Drs. Schaff and Wolff'. In the spring of 
1856, at a special meeting of Mercersburg Classis, held in 
Chambersburg, he was examined and licensed to the Gospel 
Ministry; Shortly after, with his father, and the whole parental 
family, he moved to the State of Ohio, where he labored in the 
Gospel ministry for 18 years, serving four charges, namely: 
Brokensword, Thompson, Bellevue and Canal Winchester. 

In the spring of 1874, he removed to his native state, and 
located at Zionsville, Lehigh county, where he still resides, follow- 
ing his profession. In the year 1889, Ursinus college conferred 
on him the honorable title of D. D. having before given that 
of A. M. 

His great grandfather Joseph Keller, was from Zvvei-Bruck- 
en (Deux Ponts) Bavaria, and arrived in this country Oct. 
31st, 1737, when only 19 years of age. This patriarchal ances- 
tor had a brother, who settled about the same time in the state 
of Virginia, a son of whom, holding a clerkship under Gen. 
Washington, he met in the State of New Jersey A. D. 1776-7, 
whilst on a visit to the retreating Continental Army. He also 
had a son-in-law. Miller by name, who was at the same time a 
Captain in the army. Besides, he had a step-brother, whose name 
was Good (Guth; who is supposed to have settled, where we 
now have Guthsville, Lehigh county. His great grandfather 
on his mother's side, Rev. Peter Fred, Niemeyer, was from the 

460 The Pennsylvania-Gernimt Society. 

city of Wismar, then in Sweden, and arrived in this country 
Sept. the nth, 1753. For more than one hundred years, the 
home of this Keller family, was in what is now known as Upper 
Plainfield Township, Northampton county, Pa., where the Indians 
attacked the same, (Sept. 15th, 1757, ; massacred one son, and 
carried the mother and two other sons as captives, to the city of 
Montreal, in Canada East, (see "Frontier Forts of Pa."vol. i, 
p. 240). His father was a man of great energy. For many 
years he was active as Justice of the Peace, Surveyor and 
Notary Public ; also as Associate Judge of his county. He was 
in his time, Captain of a volunteer military company, Colonel 
and Major of a regiment, and also Brigade- Inspector. In the 
church, he was equally active — originated the system of the 
so-called "Plainfield Bonds," in aid of the Theological Seminary 
of the Reformed church then located at Mercersburg, Pa. 

On the father's side, the Keller family was Reformed, in 
their christian confession, but on the mother's side Lutheran. 
Rev. Thomas Pomp of Easton, was the beloved pastor for 53 
years, ( 1796- 1849). 

Dr. Keller had five brothers and two sisters. In the begin- 
ing of the Rebellion, three of those, being in single life, enlisted 
from Ohio, as Infantrymen in the Union Army. Two of them 
(Captain and First Lieutenant of Co. C. 49 Regiment, Ohio 
Volunteer Infantry) fell at the Battle of Murfreesborough, 
Tenn. (Jan. i, '63). The third is Rev. Jos. A. Keller, D. D. 
of Hartville, Ohio, formerly Prof, of Languages in Heidelberg 
college. Tiffin, Ohio. 

Dr. Keller married the youngest daughter of Rev. T. L. 
Hofieditz, D. D. of Nazareth, Pa. He had five sons and three 
daughters. The younger two ' son and daughter) have died. 
Two sons are practicing physicians, in the old home- 
country (Bangor and Wind Gap>. One is a Minister of the 
Gospel, at Orrville, Ohio, and the oldest son. General Agent of 
a manufacturing company at Marion, Ohio. 

The field of labor, assigned him by Goshenhoppen Classis, 
and served since the spring of 1874, comprises four congrega- 

Biographical Sketches. 461 

tions, extending over portions of Lehigh, Berks and Montgomery 
counties. A field of such dimensions and demands allows but 
little time or ability for literary work, and yet he has contributed 
largly to the columns of the "Reformed Hausfreund," and other 
periodicals, in the German language, which is still nearest and 
dearest to those, for whose welfare he feels himself called to 
labor. At times, he also writes in the Pennsylvania dialect, 
either in prose or verse, and never fails to secure a favorable 

When he left the seminary at Mercersburg, for the state of 
Ohio, his Professors (Schaff and Wolff) charged him, "If ever 
you receive a call to return to your own people we wish you to 
do so, since they in our estimation have special claims to your 

That joint request was thus fulfilled, and seemingly 

He became a member of the Penn'a-German Society on 
Jan. 9, 1895. 

Rhoads, Doctor Michael Albert, was born in Cole- 
brookdale Township, Berks County, April i8th, 1847. His great- 
great-grandfather was Matthias Roth who landed in Philadel- 
phia, September 27th, 1752. He came to this country with 
his wife and two sons, on the ship Halifax, Thomas Coates, Cap- 
tain, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes. He located forty miles 
north of Philadelphia at the Iron Stone Creek, a branch of the 
Manatawny, where he bought the first iron furnace built in this 
country from Rutter and Potts. He was born November 8th, 
1717, and died March 13th, 1795. He was married to Anna 
Elizabeth De-Beyer who died November 14th, 1809. His 
great-grandfather was Jonathan Roth (Rhoads) born March 
1 8th, 1 75 1, died September 3, 18 19, married to Dorothea Eliza- 
beth Leinn, born December 12th, 1756, and died September 
i6th, 1824. His grandfather, John Rhoads, was born June 
28th, 1788, died July 4th, i860, and was married to Catharina 
Boyer. His father was born June 28th, 1820, died January 

462 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

15th, 1872, and was married to Hannah Buck Ruth, who is still 

Dr. Rhoads received his early education in the public schools, 
and at Fairview Seminary at Boyertown. He moved to Phila- 
delphia in April 1861, and attended the public schools there un- 
til in the fall of 1866 when he matriculated as a student in the 
Jefferson Medical Colleg^e, and received the degree of Dodorein 
in arte niedeiidumm March 1868. He remained in Philadelphia 
after graduation and was one of the assistant demonstrators of 
Anatomy at the Jefferson Medical College under Professor Will- 
iam H. Pancoast until August 1869, when he moved to Reading. 
Elected a member of the Board of Health of the City of Read- 
ing, on August 20, 1879, and its President in April 1882. He 
continued as President, by successive annual election, for a 
period of eleven years, resigning in April 1894. On July 15 
1885, he was appointed by the Department of the Interior at 
Washington, D. C. an examining surgeon for pension which po- 
sition he held for 4 years. 

He has been surgeon to St. Joseph's hospital, Reading, Pa., 
since August 17th, 1873, and in 1886 was appointed Chief of 
the Medical and Surgical staff, with the privilege of selecting 
the Resident Physician. Elected a member of the Reading So- 
ciety of Natural Sciences and was its Secretary for ten years. 
He is the present President of the Berks County Medical Society. 
He was elected a member of the Board of Trustees and the Ju- 
dicial Council of the Medical Society of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1892 for one year to fill the unexpired term of Dr. S. S. 
Shultz, who died, and was re-elected in 1893 for three years and 
again re-elected in 1896 for three years more. He has been the 
Secretary of The Board of Trustees and Recorder of The Judi- 
cial Council since 1892. 

Dr. Rhoads was married, by Bishop M. A. DeWolf Howe, 
of the Dioscese of Central Pennsylvania, Protestant Episcopal 
Church, to Anna Mary Elliot, on the thirteenth day of May, 
1873. He has two sons and one daughter, named respectively, 
Edward Elliot, Robert Elliot and Helen Elliot Rhoads. 

Biographical Sketches. 463 

He became a member of the Pennsylvania- German Society 
on April nth, 1894, 

Sahm, William Kopp Tritle, M. D., the third son of 
Rev. Peter Sahm, D. D., and Susan (Tritle) Sahm, was born in 
Johnstown, Cambria county, Pennsylvania, June 19, 1850. 
His grand-parents were John and Mary [Plasterer] Sahm; his 
great-grand-parents, George and Catharine [Miller] Sahm; and 

his great-great-grandparents, Matthias and [Heintzelman] 

Sahm. [Gen. S. P. Heintzelman, of Civil War fame, was a di- 
rect descendant of this Heintzelman family.] Matthias Sahm, 
during the Revolution, was a private in Captain Jacob Baldy's 
company, in Hiester's Battalion, Berks county Militia. 

Dr. Sahm's maternal grand-parents were John and Cath- 
arine [Hassler] Tritle. During the War of 181 2 John Tritle 
was a member of Captain Jacob Findlay's company, enlisted at 
Chambersburg, Pa. His great-grandfather was Jacob Tritle 

Dr. Sahm was educated in the public schools. Missionary 
Institute, Selinsgrove, Pa., and Pennsylvania College, Gettys- 
burg, Pa., from which he graduated in the year 1872. Prior to 
attending college he learned the printing trade, in the office of 
the Perry County Democrat, Hon. J. A. Magee, editor and pro- 
prietor, New Bloomfield, Pa. After leaving college he taught 
school for one year and then began the study of medicine in the 
office of Dr. P. T. Musser, of Aaronsburg, Pa. , and continued 
his studies with Dr. S. R. Berg, of New Berlin, Pa,, graduating 
from Jefferson Medical College in 1877. He began the practice 
of medicine in Freeburg, Snyder county. Pa. , but shortly after- 
ward entered into partnership with Dr. Samuel Crawford, of Mc- 
Coysville, Juniata county. Pa. He remained there until Febru- 
ary I, 1886, when he entered the service of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company as Medical Examiner, being first stationed 
at Tyrone, Pa. In a few months he was transferred to Pitts- 
burg, Pa., where he is still located. 

He is a member of the Allegheny County Medical Society, 

464 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

the Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania and of the Uni- 
versity Club, of Pittsburg. He was elected to membership in 
the Penn'a-German Society on Oct. 15, 1896. 

ScHWEiNiTZ, Paul de. The history of the Schweinitz 
family reaches back to the Twelfth Century. In remote anti- 
quity it was probably of Slavonic origin. About 1200, A. D., it 
came with Duchess Hedwig, the Holy, from Merania into Sile- 
sia, and soon became one of the most prominent families of the 
country. The coat oi arms is a shield with three horizontal 
fields, the uppermost, gules or red; the middle, sable or black; 
the lowest, argent or white; the shield surmounted by two ox- 
horns rising from a helmet, the horns and the mantling showing 
the same color as the shield. 

From 1350 to the present day not a name is wanting, male 
or female, in the line. As far back as the records go the mem- 
bers thereof have held important positions in State and Church. 
Prior to the Thirty Years' War they were Lords of extended do- 
mains, and again, after recovering from the devastations of that 
dire period, the family rose to prominence among the landed no- 
bility of Silesia. From the time of the Crusades to the present 
day there has not been a war in Germany in which some mem- 
bers of the family have not fought as officers in the forces of 
their prince. 

In 1540 the family embraced the Protestant faith, and two 
centuries later, the line, of which this sketch treats, united with 
the Moravian Church, in 1740, selling their estates and devoting 
themselves entirely to the service of the Church. By a strange 
over-ruling the first Schweinitz to unite with the Renewed 
Brethren's or Moravian Church had married a lineal descendant 
of one of the martyrs of the Ancient Brethren's or Bohemian- 
Moravian Church. 

The first Schweinitz to come to America [the eleventh of 
the unbroken line of descent] was Hans Christian Alexander de 
Schweinitz, Senior Civilis Unitatis Fratrum, member of the 
Provincial Board of the American Moravian Church, adminis- 

Biographical Sketches. 465 

trator of its estates in the northern colonies, and, later, a mem- 
ber of the highest Executive Board of the entire Church, 
born on the ancestral estate of Nieder Leuba, Oct. 17, 1740. 
He arrived in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Aug. 16, 1770, coming 
from Herrnhut, Saxony; had charge ot the financial affairs of the 
Church throughout the Revolutionary War, during which pe- 
riod Bethlehem twice became the seat of the hospital of the Con- 
tinental army; took the oath of allegiance in the name of the 
Church to the new government, and, though the Moravians were 
non-combatants in those days, favored the patriotic party. On 
April 27, 1779, he married as his second wife Anna Dorothea 
Elizabeth Baroness von Watteville, the grand-daughter of Count 
Zinzendorf, so prominent in the early religious history of the 
Province of Pennsylvania, and the principal agent of the restoration 
of the Brethren's or Moravian Church. Their son (the twelfth 
in the unbroken line of descent) was Lewis David de Schweinitz, 
Senior Civilis Unitatis Fratrum, member of the Provincial 
Boards of the American Moravian Church; administrator of its 
southern and administrator and nominal proprietor of its 
northern estates in America ; senior pastor of the church at 
Bethlehem; Doctor of Philosophy; member of the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; member of the American Phil- 
osophical Society; corresponding member ot the Linnean So- 
ciety of Paris, and of the Society of Natural Sciences of Leipsic; 
born at Bethlehem, Feb. 13, 1780. He conducted protracted 
negotiations with Congress and the United States Government 
in connection with the interests of Christian Indians. In addi- 
tion to his invaluable services to his Church his chief claim to 
fame lies in his botanical researches He added nearly fourteen 
hundred new species to the amount of botanical knowledge and 
published numerous botanical treatises, mostly in Latin. His 
herbarium is deposited with the Academy of Natural Sciences 
in Philadelphia. 

On May 24, 1812, he married Louisa Amalia Le Doux, of 
direct French Huguenot descent, the family having been driven 
out of France after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 

466 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

1685. One son was the distinguished Bishop Emil de Schwei- 
nitz, of the American Moravian Church, South; another son 
was the even more distinguished Bishop Edmund de Schweinitz, 
S. T. D., of Bethlehem, Pa. He was the most famous Mora- 
vian clergyman of his day. He published numerous pamphlets 
and monographs, his larger works being: ''The Life and Times 
of David Zeisberger" and "The History of the Unitas Fra- 
trum." One of his sons is the noted oculist, Dr. George E. de 
Schweinitz, of Philadelphia. Another son of Lewis David and 
the thirteenth in the unbroken line of descent was Robert Wil- 
liam de Schweinitz, born in Salem, N. C, Sept. 20, 18 19. He 
has held every important office in the gift of the American Mo- 
ravian Church, and for nearly fourteen years was President of 
its highest Executive Board. During the entire period of the 
Civil War, as well as before and after [1853- 1866], he was Prin- 
cipal of the Salem Female Academy, having charge of over 300 
souls, and occupying the trying position of being a loyal Union 
man in the enemy's country. His influence was instrumental in 
saving his town from attack during Stoneman's raid. Since 
1867 he has resided in Bethlehem, Pa. On July 26, 1846, he 
married Marie Louise von Tschirschky, on her father's side of 
the House of Tschirschky-Boegendorff, and on her mother's 
side of the House of Schoenberg-Briban. One of their sons and 
the fourteenth in the unbroken line of descent is Paul Robert de 
Schweinitz, born in Salem, N. C, March 16, 1863. He was 
educated, as all the preceding ones, at Nazareth Hall and the 
Moravian College at Bethlehem, graduating with the Degree ot 
B. D. from the Theological Seminary in 1884, and taking a sup- 
plemental theological course at the University of Halle in Ger- 
many. He was ordained a Deacon of the Moravian Church in 
1886 and a Presbyter in 1888. Served as Home Missionary in 
Northfield, Minn., and is now pastor of the historic Moravian 
charge of Nazareth, Pa. In addition to the literary work inci- 
dent to his profession he is a regular contributor to the "Mission- 
ary Review of the World. ' ' He is a member of the Wingolf Fra- 
ternity [Hallenser Chapter] of Germany, a life member of the 

Biographical Sketches. 467 

Moravian Historical Society and one of the organizing members 
of the Pennsylvania-German Society. On January 27, 1887, he 
married Mary Catharine Daniel, only daughter of Charles B. 
Daniel, the pioneer in the slate industry of Northampton county, 
and one of the founders of the Bethlehem Iron Co. Her mother 
was Eliza Riegel, sister of the merchants Riegel of Philadelphia. 
The first Riegel of this Hne, Matthias Riegel, came to America 
Sept. 23, 1732, and settled in the Saucon Valley, near Heller- 
town, Northampton county. Pa. Probably the first Daniel of 
this line was William Daniel, who came to America prior to 1781 
and settled in Lehigh county. 

To the above have been born four children — Karl, Helena, 
Dorothea and Louise —Karl, born Nov. 26, 1887, in Northfield, 
Minn., will be the fifteenth generation of an unbroken line of 
descent. The family has now been in the ministry of the 
Moravian Church in an unbroken line for over 150 years. 

Sources for above : Genealogia Derer von Schweinitz, 
Liegnitz 1661, printed folio pp. 98, poetical appendices pp. 32. 
The History of the Family de Schweinitz i2oo-i8gi. Type- 
written MSS., quarto, pp. 108. 

Shick, Robert Porter, was born May 6th, 1869, in 
Anna, Illinois. He is the son of Cyrus Shick (Jan. 28, 1830 — 
May 30, 1889, son of Henry Shick (July 3, 1803 — Sept. 29, 
1888), son of Henry Shick (March 3, 1779 — Dec. 23, 1859), 
son of Lewis Shick, who emigrated from Germany near the 
middle of the i8th century. 

Mr. Shick was graduated from Princeton College, in 1890; 
spent two years abroad, studying at the Universities of Berlin 
and Paris; received the degree of A. M. from Princeton College 
in 1893 and was graduated from Harvard Law School in 1895. 
Since Nov. i8g6, he has been practicing in Reading. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution, 
and was elected to regular membership in the Pennsylvania- 
German Society on April 20, 1897. 

468 The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

Stauffer, David McNeely, born In Mt. Joy, Lancaster 
county, Pa., March 24, 1845, son of Jacob Stauffer, late patent 
attorney, of Lancaster city, and Mary Anna McNeely. He is 
sixth in descent from John Stauffer, who came to the Province 
of Pennsylvania in 17 10, from Alsheim, near Worms, Hessen- 
Darmstadt. (John's father, Daniel, came from Thun, Switzerland.) 
Educated in the common and High Schools of Lancaster city, 
and received the honorary degree of A. M. from' Franklin and 
Marshall College, though he left that institution to enter the 
army and never graduated. 

Mr. Stauffer enlisted at the age of 17 in the 2nd Penna. 
Emergency Regiment, Capt. James Dysart's Company, and was 
in the Antietam campaign of 1862. Enlisted again and was a 
Corporal in Battery I, Pa. Light Artillery, and served until 
Jan. 9, 1864. On Feb. 5, 1864, he received the appointment of 
Master's Mate in the United States Navy, and served on the 
Lower Mississippi River under Admiral D. D. Porter. On 
April I, 1865, was promoted to Ensign, U. S. N., and com- 
manded U. S. S. Alexandria for a time. Honorably discharged 
Nov. 5, 1865, at close of the war. 

He commenced the practice of civil engineering, in Nov. 
1865, on the Penna. R. R. ; in 1869, was a Division Engineer 
on the Phila. & Reading R. R. ; in 1870 became Assistant En- 
gineer in the Survey Department of Philadelphia; in 1874, As- 
sistant Chief Engineer of the Delaware and Bound Brook R. R. 
Philadelphia to New York; Engineer in charge of construction 
Philadelphia Water Department, from 1877 to 1879; Contracting 
Engineer for the Dorchester Bay Tunnel, Boston, from 1879 to 
1881; Engineer with the Philadelphia Bridge Works, 1881 to 
1882. In latter years established as a Consulting Engineer in 
New York City, and in 1883 bought a large interest in "Engi- 
neering News," a technical journal published in New York, and 
became its Chief Editor, and still holds his interest in that 

He is a Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers; 
Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, of London; Mem- 

Biographical Sketches. 469 

ber of American Institute of Mining Engineers; one of the 
founders and Past Vice President Engineers' Club of Philadel- 
phia, and other minor technical societies^ He is also a member 
of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and Grand Army of 
the Republic, and is President of the Yonkers Chapter of the 
Sons of the American Revolution. He was elected to member- 
ship in the Pennsylvania-German Society on October 14, 1891. 

Mr. StaufFer was married, in 1892, to Florence, daughter of 
the Hon. G. Hilton Scribner, of Yonkers, N. Y., and resides at 
that place. He has travelled much abroad, as far as the Cau- 
casus and Caspian Sea, in Egypt, Central America, etc., and 
gained his wife as the result of a shipwreck on the coral reef of 
Roncador, in the Carribean Sea on his way to examine the 
proposed Nicaraugua ship canal. 

The Arms of the Stauffers of Thun are azure, an arm 
proper holding a cup, or, in dexter chief a mullet of five points, 
or. The family name of "StaufTer" is derived from an office 
held: " der Stauifer," in old Swabian, was the cup-man, or 
cup-bearer. The root word is Stauf, old German for a "cup," 
and the "er" is only the masculine affix. An older root still is 
the Anglo Saxon "Stoppa" — also a cup. The office of the 
"Stauffer" — under that name, was peculiar to Bern and South 
Germany, and when family names began to descend from father 
to son, about the 12th century, each office holder of that rank 
passed on the name. As a consequence there are many separ- 
ate families of Stauffers in Bern. There was a Stauffer von 
Thun in 938 : he attended a tournament at Magdeburg in that 

Stout, John Kennedy, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., Nov. 29, 1849, the son of Asher Miner 
Stout, born in Bethlehem, Pa., in 1822, and Ellen C. (Gilder- 
sleeve) Stout, born in Wilkes-Barre in 1824. His father was a 
lawyer, (Yale, '42) and after his death in i860, the family 
moved to Elizabeth, N. J. 

He was educated at the school of the Rev. C. W. Everest, 

470 The Pennsylvama-Ger?nan Society. 

Hamden, Conn., and Trinity College, Hartford, receiving his 
A. B. in 1870 and A. M. in 1873. Moving to Easton, Pa., in 
the fall of 1870, he began to study law, but in 1873 became city 
editor of ''The Easton Daily Express,'" thence going on the 
city staff of the ''New York Tribune^' for three years, from 
1875 to 1878. While there, in 1877, he was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar, and in 1878 he began to practice in Elizabeth, 

In 1880 he went to Washington Territory, settling in 
Spokane in 1881, where he has since practised law. He was 
the first City Attorney of Spokane, 1882-4, and was Clerk of 
the U. S. District Court in 1888. He has also, since- 1890, 
been the dramatic and literary critic of the Spokane "Spokes- 

He married Oct. 29, 1892, Miss Ida T. Homan, then of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. , but born in New Orleans, La. 

He was in 1873-5 ^ member of the "Easton Grays," Co. 
F, 4th Regt., Penna. National Guard; in 1887 he became ist 
Lieut, of Co. G, 2d Regt. N. G. Wash., served as Major on 
the Staff of Gov. Semple and that of Gov. Moore, in Territorial 
days, and was Colonel and Chief Signal Officer on the Staff of 
Gov. Ferry, the first Governor of the State, from 1890 to 1893. 
He is now on the retired list as Colonel. 

He is a member of the Society of the Sons of the American 
Revolution, being Senior Vice President of the Washington State 
Society. He belongs to the California Society of Colonial Wars, 
and is State Secretary for Washington. He was elected a reg- 
ular member of the Penna-German Society, July 15, 1897. His 
College fraternity is Psi Upsilon, and he is also an honorary 
member of Theta Delta Chi. 

Among his Pennsylvanian ancestors are his parents, his 
grandfather, Dr. Abram Stout, (\]n. of Pa., '19) born in 
Northampton county, 1793, and wife Anna Maria Miner; his 
great-grandfather Isaac Stout, born in Berks county in 1749, 
and wife Barbara Bachmann, born 1751. From this Barbara he 
has an old German Bible, printed in Zurich in 1536, now 36j 

Biographical Sketches. 471 

years old, containing two or three generations of Barbara Bach- 
mann's ancestors. His paternal grandmother was a Miner, and 
in that Hne he has a record of 18 generations, through Captain 
Thomas Miner, who landed with Winthrop in June, 1630, to 
Henry Miner who received his coat of arms from Edward III, 
and died in 1359. In that line, Mary Wright, wife of his great- 
grandfather, Asher Miner, and her mother Mary Dyer, were 
both born in Pennsylvania. 

Wagner, John Carey, was born in Shippensburg, Cum- 
berland county, Pennsylvania, Tuesday, July 31st, 1838. His 
father was David Wagner, who was born near Big Spring, same 
county, of whose ancestors there are no records, but his father 
was of German descent, his mother's maiden name was Elizabeth 
Walter, of Chester or Philadelphia county. David Wagner 
followed wagon making for a Uvelihood, but on the opening of 
the Cumberland Valley Railroad, about 1840, established a 
grain and forwarding business in Shippensburg; he died Novem- 
ber 24th, 1845, aged 54 years. Mr. W^agner's mother was 
Elizabeth Ann Gessner, who was born in Hasselbach, in the 
Earldom of Wittgenstein, Germany, October 4th, 1797, and 
emigrated to the United States, with her parents John Henry 
and Elizabeth Gessner, in the summer of 1802, where she died 
in June, 1861, aged 63 years. 

John Carey Wagner is the youngest child of a family of six 
daughters and four sons, only the two oldest sisters and himself 

He received his education in the common schools of the 
city and a local academy. In the spring of 1853 ^^ took up 
telegraphy at the same time clerking in a stationery store. In 
the winter of the same year he entered the News printing office, 
remaining there until the fall of 1856, when he went to Knox- 
ville, Tennessee, working on Brownlow' s Whig, Register and 
Presbyterian Witness. In the spring of i860, came North, 
locating at Newville, Pa., taking an interest in the ''Star of the 

472 The Pennsylvania-German Society . 

Valley printing office, which interest he disposed of to his 
partner the following spring. 

Soon after the call for troops for the suppression of the 
Rebellion in 1861, he enlisted in Company H, Third Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, and was mustered into service in August, 1861. 
He was made Corporal, promoted to Sergeant, and placed on 
the Color Guard and made Signal Officer ; detailed as Regi- 
mental Clerk and later assigned to duty as acting Regimental 
Quartermaster Sergeant. In March, 1864, was detailed for duty 
as telegraph operator in the United States Military Telegraph 
Corps, and assigned to duty with the gunboats on the Potomac 
river, with office at Saint Inigoes, Saint Mary's county, Md., 
remaining there until July, 1865, after peace had been declared, 
but serving in same capacity in different parts of Maryland and 
Virginia until July, 1866. From the fall of 1866 until spring of 
1868 was with the Bankers' and Brokers' Telegraph Company, 
and stationed at Somerville, New Jersey. 

In Spring of 1868 returned to Shippensburg, where he has 
since resided as one of the proprietors of " The News,'' and be- 
came sole proprietor in July, 1893, upon the death of his 
brother David Knight Wagner. 

On December 29th, 1869, was married to Emma Morrow, 
of Newville, Pa. Children living: — Ella Forney Wagner, wife 
of Jeremiah McClellan Snyder, of Easton, Pa., Mary Talbott 
Wagner, teacher; Blanche Gessner Wagner, teacher; Isabelle 
Morrow Wagner, attending Normal School. Children dead — 
Katharine Augusta Wagner, aged 11 years; David Emmett 
Wagner, aged 7 months, and one infant son. 

He is a Past Grand of Conedoguinet Lodge, No. 173, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows ; Past Chief Patriarch Valley 
Encampment, No, 34, Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
Past Regent Shippensburg Council, No. 995, Royal Arcanum; 
and District Deputy Grand Regent of same Order ; Captain 
Colwell Post, No. 201, Grand Army of the Republic; was City 
Treasurer for eleven years and a member of School Board at 
present; was the promoter of the city's system of water works. 

Biographical Sketches. 473 

The family are all members of the Presbyterian church, and 
whilst his parents were among the original members of the 
Church of God, he attends the Presbyterian church also ; serv- 
ing second term as Notary Public. Mr. Wagner was elected to 
membership in the Penna-German Society on January 12, 1894. 
David Wagner (his father) was a member of a military 
company which marched from Cumberland county to the defence 
of Baltimore in 1814. 

Yeager, James Martin, was born in Yeagerstown, 
Mifflin county. Pa, en Nov. 2, 1857. Of his ancestors, his g. 
g. grandfather George Buffington, founder of said family in the 
Lykens Valley, was a descendant of Richard Buffington, b. 
1654, at Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England, whose 
eldest son was the first English child born in Pennsylvania 
(Penn'a- Gazette, July 5, 1739); he was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion and m. Sept. 2, 1782, Barbara Hoffman, b. May 31, 1763, 
in Berks county, Pa., dau. John Peter Hofiman, b. Germany, 
1709, came to America, 1739, served as a Provincial volunteer 
during the Indian war, whilst three of his sons and his son-in-law 
served in the Revolution. His g. g. grandfather, Andrew Yeager, 
served in various companies, during the greater part of the Revo- 
lutionary War. His g. grandfather, John Yeager, b. in Mont- 
gomery county, Feb. 19, 1767, m. July i, 1788, Catharine 
Rau, d. Feb. 19, 1835. He is said to have built the first bank 
barn in the Lykens Valley. His grandfather, Jacob Yeager, b. in 
Dauphin county, March 11, 1793. He served in the War of 
1812, and, in 1830, obtained a patent for the mold-board of a 
plow now in universal use. He m. in 1815, Susanna Fisher) 
nee Buffington. His youngest son, Jeremiah M., was the 
father of the subject of this sketch, and m. Dec. 28, 1854, 
Mary J. Creighton. 

On the maternal side his g. g. grandfather, James Jacobs, 
b. in Frankfort-on-the-Main, came to America about the middle 
of the eighteenth century, enlisted, Dec. 27, 1775, as private in 
Capt. Thomas L. Byles' company, 3rd Penn'a Regt. Col. Shea, 

474 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

fought at Harlem Heights and Fort Washington, honorably- 
discharged, Nov. 20, 1776. His g. grandfather, Samuel Jacobs, 
the fourth son, b. May 18, 1783, m. Nancy Lemon ; their dau. 
Elizabeth, b. June 10, 1810, m. July i, 1830, William Creighton ; 
their dau. Mary J. m. Jeremiah M. Yeageras above. 

His g. g. grandfather, John Lemon, b. 1761, in the High- 
lands of Scotland, came to America when young, enlisted Sept. 
1775, as private in Capt. John Harris' company, 12th Penn'a 
Regt., when but fourteen years of age, served in all the cam- 
paigns of that gallant regiment, being wounded in the head and 
leg at Monmouth, honorably discharged Jan. 1783, reinlisted, 
1793, and served with Wayne in his Indian campaign. He m. 
Kate Schroyer, of German ancestry. 

His g. grandfather Andrew Creighton, b. Edinburgh, emi- 
grated at the age of fifteen, m. 1797, Isabella Jones, of Welsh 
descent. Two of his sons were well-known ministers of the 

The Rev. James Martin Yeager D. D., of this sketch, be- 
gan his education at Kishacoquillas Seminary and various in- 
stitutions at Williamsport and in the Wyoming Valley. In 
1880 he graduated from the Wesleyan University at Middle- 
town, Conn. In 1880-81 he was pastor at Carmel, N. Y. ; in 
1883-84 at Lenox, Mass.; in 1885-87 at Rhinecliff-on-the-Hud- 
son ; in 1888-92 at Hillsdale, N. Y. He has been President of 
Drew Seminary for Young Women for five years. In 1882 he 
traveled extensively through Europe and the Holy Land. Dr. 
Yeager is a man of broad mind, a forcible preacher and a most 
capable educator. His executive ability is noted for its firmness 
coupled with gentleness. He is a man of keen perception, with 
a fine sense of humor, and is one of the most agreeable of men 
in any of the walks and dealings of life. 

Dr. Yeager is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Club of 
New York ; of the Society of the War of 18 12 of Pennsylvania; 
of the Sons of the Revolution of the State of N. Y. He was 
elected to membership in the Pennsylvania German Society on 
July 15, 1897. He m. Oct, 13, 1886, Miss Emma McElroy, of 

Biographical Sketches. 475 

Rhinebeck, N. Y. He has two children, James Creighton, b. 
Jan, I, 1888, and Marion, b. Oct. i, 1891. 

Zern, Jacob G., born February 24, 1845, in New Han- 
over township, Montgomery county, Pa., son of Jacob and 
Sophia Zern. Graduated from the Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, March 13, 1868. Located at 
Weissport, Carbon county, Pa., for the practice of his profession, 
in the Fall of 1868. Represented Carbon county in the Penn'a 
State Legislature 1 879-1 881. Postmaster of Weissport during 
President Cleveland's first term. Moved to Lehighton in 1892, 
and was elected Burgess of same in 1893. Elected Associate 
Judge of Carbon county in 1894. 

Dr. Zern is a member of the Carbon county, Lehigh Val- 
ley and Penn'a State Medical Societies. Elected to member- 
ship in the Penn'a-German Society on January 12, 1894. 

He married October 13, 1870, Ella Edinger, daughter of 
Hon. Abraham Edinger, of Monroe county. They have one 
daughter, Katharyn V., b. 1881. 

47^ The Pennsylvanm-German Society. 









NOV. 27, 1760. 

The Trappe Records. 477 

March i8, 1730. 
April 27, 1730. 


(Rev. Johann Caspar Stoever.) 
Raush, Daniel 
Opdografsin, Elisabeth 

Sebastia, Andreas 
Krausin, Elisabeth 

Bergheimer, Johan Caspar 

Hauserin, Elisabeth Catharina 
October 20, 1730. 

Miiller, Johan Jacob 

Hartmannin, Anna Maria Appolonia 
February 12, 1731. 

Geelwichs, Friedrich Heinrich 

Bulerin, Maria Dorothea 
April ID, 1733. 

Beyer, Andreas 

Bergheimerin, Susanna Catharina 
July I, ? 

Kohl, Johan Georg 

Beerin, Barbara 
January 8, 1734. 

Amborn, Christoph 

Klauerin, Susanna 
May 21, 1734. 

Corper, Nicolaus 

Marstellerin, Anna Margretha 
December 3, 1734. 

Wertz, Jacob 

Hofin,(?) Anna Barbara 
December 29, 1734. 

Bien, David 

Tabernien, Elisabetha 
January 10, 1735. 

Crosmann, John George 

Schrakken, Eva Barbara 

eldest dr. Hans Jacob and Euphrosina 
October 9, 1735. _ [Rev. Falk or Enebeeg.] 

Kun, Johan Adam Simon 

Schrackin, Anna Maria Sarina 

youngest dr. Hans Jacob Euphrosina 
Decemberii, 1740. [Probably by Dylander.] 

47^ The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Unterkofner, Johan Jacob 
Schmiedin, Maria Eva, from Goshoppen 
living in Friedericii Township 

, 1744- 

Leber, Philipp (Lutheran) 

Mullerin, Anna Margretha (Reformed) 

March 12, 1745. living on the Schippach, [Pastor Beunholtz.] 

(Rev. Muhlenberg.) 

Schoimer, Conrad (widower) 

Nussin, Anna Margretha (widow) 
February — , 1745. 

Heilman, Jurg Adam 

Dufrene, Elisabeth 

beyond the Schuylkill 
March — , 1745. 

Appele, George 

Manzerin, Maria Juliana 
March — , 1745. (in Philadelphia) 

Stambach, Johann Philip 

Kuhezin, Maria Christina 
, 1745. (In the Oley Mountains) 

Kuhez, Johan Bernhard 

Eberhardin, Catharina Elisabeth 
,1745- (In the Oley Mountains) • 

Reiter, Johannes (widower) 

Carlin, Anna Maria 
December 31, 1745. 

Gaugler, Johannes Kilian 

Bittelin, Anna Margretha 
November 19, 1745. 

Campbell, John 

Ball, Anna 

(In Philadelphia Co. ) By license dated April 4, 1744. 

Israel, Michael 

Lamplugh, Mary 

By license d. February 22, 1745-6. 

Merckel, Abraham 

Ickesin, Anna Barbara 
September — 1745. 

Gotthy(?) Beatus 

Jiirgerin, Catharina Elisabeth 
March 6, 1746. 

The Trappe Records. 479 

Wagner, Johannes 
Dvirrin, Anna Barbara 

1746 (?) 

Biichle, Christian 
Friedrichsen, Catharina 

1746. (?) 

Nagel, Conrad 

Peterman, Margretha (widow J 

April 17, 1746, on the Schippach. 

Preiss, Daniel 
Weychhardin, Johanna 

May 22, 1746. 
July 6, 1746. 
July 8, 1746. 

Scheibele, Johan Jacob 

Schiifer, Anna Catharina (widow Ludewig.) 

Denk, (?) Johan Simon (widower) 
Schulzin, Catharina Dorothea 

Nunemacher, Johannes 

Miillerin, Maria 
July 20, 1746. living in Indian field 

Ernst, Johan Wendel (widower) 

Davidsin, Maria (widow) 
August 5, 1746, beyond the Schuylkill. . 

Meissenheimer, Johan Jacob 

Reiterin, Anna Margretha 
November i6, 1746. 

Wagner, Jiirg Adam, s. Hanes Jiirg 

Schmiedin, Anna Catharina. dr. Hans Jiirg 
January 8, 1747, at Goshoppen. 

Miiller, Andreas 

Ehewaldin, Anna Maria, dr. Ludewig 
February 5, 1747, m. publicly. 

Schiring, Johann Nicol 

Molzin, the virgin dr. Schoolmaster Molzen 
March 12, 1747, at Matecha. 

Kittelman, Johann Peter (widower) 

Hitzbergerin, Anna Juliana 
May 10, 1747, bej'ond the Schuylkill. 

Lindeman, Johan Heinrich s. Justus. 

Uhlin, Anna Margretha 
May 26, 1747, both Reformed rel. 

480 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

May 4, 1747- 
July 21, 1747. 
August 16, 1747. 
August 16, 1747. 

Heiser, Valentin 
Howin, Anna 

Moritz, Wilhelm 
Heiselin, Anna Maria 

Wambold, Adam (widower) 
Dannhauserin, Ottilia 

Pab, Johann Conrad (widower) 
Lehrin, Margretha 

Vogle, Johan Jiirg 

Siimin, Maria Catharina 
September 22, 1747, at Goshoppen. 

Miintz, Benedict (widower) 

Reilin, Schon: Elisabeth (widow) 
September 30, 1747, in Colebrookdale twp. 

Vetter Michael (from Elsass) 

Schmiedin, Maria Catharina step dr. Simon Pelzen 
November 24, 1747. 

Koch, Heinrich s. Johannes 

Beierin, Anna Maria dr. Jacob 
December 15, 1747, live in New Hanover twp. 

Gmelin, Christian 

Heiserin. Christina 
December 29, 1747, at Matetcha. 

Linck, Adam 

Miillerin, Elisabeth 
January 31, 1748. 

Gerber, Johann Adam 

Schleucherin, Anna Maria 
February 15, 1748, in Limbourg twp. 

Jager, Johannes 

Schneiderin, Eva Elisabeth 
April 12, 1748, in New Hanover twp. 

Rambow, Peter 

Peters, Mary dr. Peter 
April 13, 1748, in Providence twp. 

Wolffer, Simon 

Baumanin, Maria Margretha 
April 14, 1748, in the Swedes church Philadelphia. 

The Trappe Records. 481 

Weichel, Johan Christoph 
Hillin, Catharina 
April 26, 1748, at New Hanover. 

Matthes, Mathias 
Davis, Mary 

May 31, 1748. 
June 15, 1748. 

Loos, Christoph (widower) 
Heinrichin, Dorothea (widow) 

Streil, Leonhard 

Reimerin, (widow) 
July 31, 1748, by License at Raritan (N. J ) 

Friih, Jacob (widower) 

Roserin, Maria Dorothea 
August 17, 1748. 

Griffith, Abraham (widower) 

Harris, Sarah 
August 31, 1748, living in Chester Co. 

Wentz, Valentin 

Jenneweinin, Anna Barbara 
September ii, 1748. 

Theus, John Henry 

Johnson, Anna Mary (widow) 
September 11, 1748. 

Hippel, Johannes 

Hiissin, Maria Catharina 
September 20, 1748. 

Hatten, John 

Evans, Esther 
November 14, 1748, at Comerytown. 

Stepelton, Robert 

Richardtin, Catharina (widow) 
November 20, 1748. 

Bostert, Samuel 

Engelin, Catharina 
November 20, 1748, at Oley. 

Angel, Philip 

Schmiedin, Anna Maria 
Nevember 24, 1748, at New Hanover. 

Schiller, Lamburtus (widowerl 

Larichin, Maria Ursula 
December 11, 1748. 

482 The Pennsylvania-Gervta7i Society. 

Anno 1749. 

MaCochly, Cornelius 

Parker. Johanna (widow Stephen Miiller) 
January 16, 1749. 

Renn, Bemhard (widower) 

Riegelin, widow Sibitta 
January' 19, 1749. 

Brachen, Caspar (widower) 

Lauterin, Sophia Margretha (widow Philip) 
February 14, 1749. 

Hopkin, William 

Mory, Christina (widow) 
April 2, 1749. 

Fried, Philip 

Benerin, Regina 
April 13, 1749. at New Hanover township by license dated April 10. 

Megrawh, Francis 

Cavenahnoh, Susannah (widow) 

May I, 1749. 
June 18, 1749. 

Wambold, Adam (widower) 
Petzin, Eva Catharina 

Johns, Daniel 

Morgan, (widow of James) 
July 3, 1749, in Lancaster county. 

Gutman, Christoph 

Rugnerin, Catharina 
July 24, 1749, in Upper Milford. 

Huber, Michael 

Lahrin, Barbara 
August 22, 1749, at New Goshoppen. 

Becker, Johan Dieterich (widower) 

Muthhardtin, Anna Barbara (widow) 
September 5, 1749. 

Jiirger, Veit 

Rennin, Sybilla (widow) 
November 20, 1749. 

Schmied, Peter 

Krausin, Maria 
November 28, 1749. 

Simon, John 

Scot, Elisabeth 
December 25, 1749, in Providence township. 

The Trappe Records. 483 

MacRay, William 
Edmondson, Margreth 
December 25, 1749, in Providence township. 

Anno 1750. 

Liebegut, John Adam 

Gansertin, Christina 
January 4, 1750, in New Hanover township. 

Fetter, }ohan Philip 

Schumannin, Anna Margretha 
February 19, 1750, in Vincent township, (Chester county). 

Zing, Michael 

Ryel, Mary 
February 20, 1750, in Coventry township, (Chester county). 

Hoven, Jacob 

Buckerin, Margretha 
March 8, 1750. 

Horner, Christian 

Krebsin, Barbara 
March 22. 1750. 

Schrack, Johan Jacob 

Mvihlhanin, Elisabeth 
March 22, 1750. 

Protzman. Jurg Adam 

Siihlerin, Anna Martha 
March 22, 1750. 

Loag, Samuel 

Handly, Mary 
April 2, 1750, both of Chester county. 

Sauer, Friedrich 

Schmiedin, Anna Margretha 
April 3, 1750, live at Schippach. 

Gatter, Martin 

Schaferin, Maria Catharina 
April 8, 1750, live in Philadelphia. 

Blair, John 

Johns, Elisabeth (widow of John) 
May 28, 1750, in Worchester township. 

Wolfgang, Johan Nicolaus (widower) 

Weberin, Catharina (widow) 
June I, 1750. 

Cooper, James 

Simmons, Mary 
June 16, 1750, of Providence township. 

484 The Pennsylvania-Germaii Society. 

Hofman, Joh : Michael (widower) 

Schedlerin, Engel 

July 2, 1750, in New Hanover township. 

Schmell, Adam 

Rielin, Catharina Barbara 

July 31, 1750- 

Reinhard, John Peter 

Sieden, Maria Clara (servant maid ol Val. Steinmetz.) 
August 7, 1750, 

Schjidler, Johan Jurg (widower) 

Bechtelin, Anna Maria wid. Jurg. 
August 7, 1750. 

Schmied, Walter (widower) 

Scheidin, Anna Maria (widow) 
August 12, 1750, in Coventry township. 

Schmied, Adam, from New Hanovt-r township. 

Behnerin. Gertraut 
October 9, 1750, by license. 

Miiller, Heinrich 

Kleinin, Susannah Margretha 
October 16, 1750, in Providence. 

Schnauber, Johann Heinrich from Menissing, [sic] N J. 

Hillbartin. Anna Maria, dr. Jiirg Adam 
October 29, 1750. 

Konig, Michael (widower) 

Kachlerin, Eva 
December 2, 1850, m. across the Schuylkill, in IMuhlenberg's name by 
Pastor Johan Philip Leidich. 

Croesman. Friedrich 

Stagerin, Susannah 
December 6, 1750. 

Anno 1751. 

Miiurer, Johan Jacob (wid) 

Weitzelin, Margretha 
January 2, 1751, over the Schuylkill. 

Wirth, Johan Martin 

Grabilerin, Anna Maria 
January 21, 1751, at New Hanover. 

Schnell, johann Jacob, schoolmaster at Schippach. 

Schlottin, Anna Margretha (widow) 
January 31, 1751. 

Hausler, Andreas (widower) 

Zinckin, Maria 
February 5, 1751, live in Whitpain township, on the Schippach. 

The Trappe Records. 485 

Jaxtheimer, Johann Philip 

Adams, Catharine 
February 24, 1751, Carl Rayer's servants m. with consent of the 
Master for necessity. 

Schooling, Francis 

Powel, Elisabeth 
March 21, 1751, in Providence township. 

Schiifer, Philip Jacob 

Jungin, Anna Margretha 
March 31, 1751, live Across the Schuylkil. 

Sahler, Johann Michael s. Peter 

Engelin, Eli-;abeth 
April II, 1751, in Providence. 

Heilman, Heinrich (^widower) 

Bersons, Anna Maria dr. Heinrich 

April 22, 1 75 1. 
April 25, 1751. 
April 25, 1751. 

Rehkopf, Friedrich 
Schambachin, Elisabeth 

Bahrt, Johan Peter 

Linckin, Catharina dr. Jacob (dec) 

Croesman, Balthasar (widower) 

Fuchsin, Anna Maria 
April 28, 1751, at Molatton. 

Schwenck, George 

Merckelin, Veronica dr. Jacob 
April 30, 1751. 

Corker, Robert 

Farrel, Helena 
November 17, 1751. 

Meisheimer, Casimir (Lutheran) 

Brandtin, Margretha (Reformed) 
November 19, 1751. 

Beck, Christian Heinrich (servant) 


December 10, 1751, m. with consent of John Potts. 

Anno 1752. 

Osterman, Bartholomaeus 
Jagerin, Dorothea 
Januarys, 1752, beyond the Schuylkill. [This was the first marriage 
by Rev. Pastor (Friedrich) Schultz.J 

486 The Pcmnsylvania-Gennan Society. 

Schlanacker, Michael (widower) 

Wustin, Eva Filicitas (widow Caspar) 
January 19, 1752, in New Hanover. 

Schilling, Johannes 

Glimmin, Anna Maria 
February 2, 1752, former servants of Rev. H. M. Muhlenberg. 

Hawk, John 

Johnson, Mary 
February — 1752, Former servants ol Mr. Rochard Nord in Prov- 
idence township. 

Scheumer, Friedrich 

Bachin, Magdalena 
February 7, 1752. live beyond the Schuylkill. 

Haag, Jacob (widower) 

Eberhardtin, Catharina (servant girl to Rev. Muhlen- 
February 16, 1752. berg.) 

Silber, Jiirg 

Schmiedin, Margretha (widow) 
February 18, 1752. , 

Schnerr, Wendel 

Lohrin, Eva 
February 23, 1752, Former servants of Theobald Endt, now live in 
Pikestown, (Chester county.) 

Eble, Johan Adam, stepson Jiirg Beck 

Gmelin, Maria Sophia, dr. Matthias 

March 31, 1752. 
March 3 c, 1752. 

Rothermel, Leonhard 
Joakims, Mary, dr. Jonas 

Zoll, fohann Heinrich 

Runckelin, Margretha 
March 31, 1752, at Schippach. 

Jans. Philip 


April 28, 1762, live at Schippach. 

Wohlfarth, Adam 

Wiege'in, Anna Maria 
April 28, 1752, live at the Iron works beyond the Schuylkill 

(Chester county). 

Williams, John 

Rose, Nanny 
August 2, 1752, m. in the churcli of Providence; they live over the 

Schuylkill (Chester county) 

The Trappe Records. 487 

Schweinhard, Jiirg, from New Hanover 
Schmiedin, Anna Maria, Ackers step-dr. from Lime- 
rick township, m. Providence church. 

{Here Commences the New Stylus.) 

Beyer, Philip 

Gratzin, Elizabeth (widow) 
October 24, 1752, in Providence church, both were former servants, 
but now free. 

Busch, Johan Nicol (widower) 

Fuchsin, Anna Maria 
November 23, 1752, formerly servants in Chester county, but now free 
according to Indenture. 

Heim, Valentin 

Rees, Jane 
November 23, 1752. both born at Pikestown, Chester county. 

Moser, Christian 

Graberin, Magdalena 
December 21, 1752. both from Schippach. 

Anno 1753. 

Schmid, Heinrich 

Franzin, Anna Maria 
January 2, 1753, beyond the Schuylkill. 

Schleyter, Friederich 

Giessin, Catharina, dr. Nicolaus 
January 2, 1753, beyond the Schuylkill. 

Bauer, Adam 

Kollerin, Dorothea, Mr. Marstellar's former servant. 
January 25, 1753. 

Ray, Robert, an Irishman 

Pfeisterin, Catharina 
February 18. 1753. 

Jung, Johan Peter, s. David 

Fahdin, Anna Magdalena, dr. Jacob. 
February 20, 1753. 

Davis, John, from Wales 

Langin, Anna 
February 22, 1753. 

Unstatt, Herman (widower") 

Adams, Abigail (single) 
March 6, 1753. 

488 The Pennsylvania-German Society^ 

Tune II, 1753. 
June II, 1753- 

Magens, Heinrich (widower) 
Weydin, Catharina 

Priess, Heinrich 

Burchardtin, Margretha, step-dr. Theobald Lange. 

Walter, Robert 

Chambers, Elisabeth 
June 19, 1753, living in Vincent township, Chester county. 

Stand, Friedrich 

Gerberin, Christina 
June 25, 1753. 

Stostlet, Johan Michel 

Engelin, Elesabeth 
July I, 1753, at New Hanover 

Bradford, Hugh 

Schrack, Catharina dr. of widow Eva Rosina 

June 20, 1753. 
August 7, 1753. 

Rauss, Lucas (Reverend pastor) 

Gemlingin, Anna Sophia youngest dr. Emrici 

Spannagle, Johan Ludwig 

Ludewig, Anna Maria, dr. Johann Philip 
September 2, 1753. living in Chester county 

Ickes, Johann 

Miillerin, Christina dr. Johannes from New Hanover 
September 4, 1753. 

Simon, Anthon (widower) 

Waldin, Euphronica, widow Caspar 
September 20, 1753, at Schippach. 

Klinger, Johannes b Odewald 

Fussin, Christina dr. Johan Nicolaus 
October 25, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Rau, Johannes s. Friedrieh 

Heldin, Catharina dr. Hans Peter 
October 25, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Held, Johan Ludewig s. Hans Peter 

Rauin, Maria Magdalena dr. Friedrich 
October 25, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Vogler, Andreas 

Barthin, Catharina 
November 11, 1753. 

The Trappe Records. 489 

Bechtold, Philip Jacob 

Mackelin, Anna Maria dr. Christoph 
November 20, 1753. 

Du-frene, Peter 

Schewerin, Eva 
November 20, 1753. 

Croesmann, Johan Nicolaus, s. Hans Jurg 

Langeniickerin, Elisabeth 
November 27, 1753, by license dated November 20, 1753. 

Langler, Jacob 

Kohlerin, Catharina, dr. Heinrich 
October 16, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Henkenius, Bernhard (widower) 

Eirichs, Margretha (widow) 
December 2, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Heible, Christoph 

Schuppin, Sophia Catharina 
December 9, 1753, m. in Augustus church. 

Marstellar, Heinrich, s. Friedrich 

Vossin, Barbara, dr. Adam 
December 13, 1753. 

Frohlich, Nicolaus, s. Johannes 

Wartmannin, Christina, dr. Adam 
December 18, 1753, at New Hanover. 

Burk, William 

How, Anna, widow of Valentin Heiser. 
December 20, 1753, by license dated Dec. 18. 

Stoner, Frideric 

Op de Graf, Debora. 

Servants of Mr. Brooks in New Hanover, who had 
previously transgressed the 6th Commandment, 
m. in presence of Mr. George Jiirger, Andreas Keb- 
ner, Jiirg Beck, Heinrich Krebs and Mr. Brooks. 

Anno 1754. 

Evans, Benjamin, s. Justice Evans 

Rees, Hanna 
January 10, 1754. before evidences in church. 

Pears, Lewis 

Hammer, Mary 
January 17, 1754, after publication in Providence township. 

490 The Peniisylvania-Gennan Society. 

Robison, Thomas 

Simons, Jane 
January 20, 1754, in Providence township. 

Von Campe, Frantz Carl [widower] 

Hoppenheimerin, Margretha [widow] 
January 29, 1754, at New Hanover. 

Davis, Simon 

Reuterin, Margretha [widow] 
January 31, 1754, after pubh'cation. 

Petz, William, stepson John PXJlich 

Butler, Mary, dr. Richard 
February 4, 1754, in Chester county after publication. 

Hummel, Johan Heinrich [widower] 

Marstellerin, Ursula, dr. Peter 
February 5, 1754, m. in church. 

Pietermann, Heinrich [Reformed] 

Essigin, Maria Anna 
February 7, 1754, proxy for Pastor Leydig 

Hofman, Adam 

Vetterin, Anna Christina 
February 19, 1754, at Schippach. 

Gross, Jacob (as widower) 

Schuberin. Maria Magdalena (widow) 
February 19, 1754, at Schippach. 

Jiirger, Johannes 

Kleinin, Sybilla, dr. Isaac 

March 7, 1754. 
April — 1754. 
March 12, 1754. 

Lightcape, Solomon 
How, Mary, dr. Thomas 

Horner, John Michael 

Krebsin, Anna Maria, dr. Simon 

Diel, Christian 

Krebsin, Regina, dr. Henrich 
May 6, 1754, m publicly in New Hanover. 

Schultz, Friederich (wohl Ehrwiirdiger Herr Pfarrer) 

Lochmanin, Maria Catharina 
May 8, 1754, properly married in Lutheran (Trappe) church. 

Wolfenger, Peter 

Wagnerin, Sophia 
May 14, 1754, m. in Parsoiiage, both from Chester county. 

The Trappe Records. 


May 31, 1754, 

June II, 1754, 

August 3, 1754, 

August 3, 1754, 

July 30, 1754, 

Carl, Johannes (widower) 
McEntire, Catharina 

m publicly, both living in Pikestown. 
Raup, Michael, s. Peter 

Meyerin, Maria Elisabeth, step-dr, Christoph Biitte- 

Irom Williams township. 
Matthies, Christina 
Conradin, Maria Magdalena 

by another pastor after bans were read three times, 
both from Matetscha. 
Gassiinger, Johan Georg 

Brunner, [widow Paul] 

by Justice Rowland Evans after banns were called 
three times. 
Beck, Andreas 
Bucherin, Catliarina 

by Pastor Heinzelman. 
Setzler, Friedrich, s. Philip 
Borgerin, Elisabeth, dr. Christian 
August 5, 1754, m. in Augustus church. 

Behringer, Heinrich, s. Jacob 
Rupin, Anna Maria, dr. Martin 
August 19, 1754, in the church. , 

Krieger, Caspar, (formerly Mbg's servant) 
Von Burg, Catharina (widow) 
October i, 1754. 

Ziegler, Christian (widower) 
Stanch, Rosina, Joh. Schrack's servant girl 
October 22, 1754, m. in Chester county 
Vogler, Jurg (widower) 
Isen, Dorothea Elisabeth, widow Caspar 
October 24, 1754, in Providence. 
Breysach, Michael 
Fischerin, Barbara, dr. Peter. 
November 10, 1754. 

Oberdorf, Johan Adam ( widower 1 
Schlauferin, Anna Maria 
November 11, 1754, in New Hanover. 
Zehrfass, Friedrich 
Fadin, Margretha 
December 17, 1754, at Matetcha. 


The Pennsylvania-Ger-ntan Society. 

Anno 1755. 

Miiller, Andreas 

Kieferin, Elisabeth 
February 13, 1755, at Schippach. 

Rehkoff, John Nicolaus (widower) 

Manhardt, Margretha Gertraut (widow) 
March 2, 1755, in the chnrch. 

Leonhard, Hans Michael [Roman Catholic] 

Numerichin, Elisabeth Catharina 
April 8, 1755, in Jiirg Weichardt's house. 

Konig, Johannes 

Schmiedin, Margretha, dr. Jost 
April 10, 1755, in the church. 

Jung, Christoph, s Wendel 

Matherin Eva, Robert White's servant girl 

April 10, 1755. 

April 13, 1755. 

April 13, 1755. 

April 22, 1755. 

May I, 1755. 

May II, 1755, 

May 27, 1755, 

June 29, 1755, 

August 17, 1755. 

Kirchner, Friedrich 

Arendsen, Anna Barbara, dr. Peter 

Wiesler, Johan Michael (widower) 
Schreierin, Eleonora (widow Jiirg) 

Tappe, Jost Heinrich (widower) 
Schneiderwin, Anna Maria 
living in New Hanover. 
Zimmerman, Peter 
Mackesin, Anna Maria, Peter Schrack's former servant. 

Heil, Jacob 
Miillerin, Anna 

both servants of Michael Rodabach, with his con- 
sent at the ' cricked Bille" (Crooked Billet) 
Stumpf, Johan Peter (widower) 
Pflantzin, Anna Catharina (widow) 

iu New Hanover. 
Strobel, Johan Michael 
Mutschler, Anna Barbara (widow Johannes) 

at New Hanover. 
Krug, Joh. Jacob 
Nollin, Clara, dr. Michael 

Frohiiuser, Johan Kraft, as a widower 
Weltin, Christina, as a widow 
September 7, 1755, in New Hanover. 

The Trappe Records. 493 

Croesman, Hansjiirg f widower) 

Hermanin, Eleonora (widow) 
September 9, 1755. 

Collaghan, John 

Russel, Mary 
September 16, 1755, after three times publishing in Providence town- 

Acker, Anthon 

Schmiedin, Anna Maria 
October 9, 1755, properly in Providence church, live in Vincent town- 
ship, Chester county. 

Schiittler, Johan Ludewig 

Kalbin, Maria Barbara, dr. Martin 
October 28, 1755, properly in Providence church. 

Fuchs, Johannes 

Schilligin, Catharina, dr. Philip 
October 28, 1755, in the church. 

Hartman, Johan Jiirg (widower) 

Edelmannin, Maria Barbara 
November 30, 1755, at Colebrookdale. 

Cullagan, Thomas 

Horstin, Anna Catherina 
December 2, 1755, in Providence in presence of witness, formerly 
servants to William Butt. 

Stauch, Nicolaus 

Allemannin, Elisabeth 
December 21, 1755, from Tomenson township. 

Gilbert, Jurg 

Marolsin, Margretha 
December 30, 1755, at New Hanover. 

Joachim, Jacob 

Miihlhaus, Maria Christina, dr. Peter, (dec'd) 
December 30, 1755, at Providence. 

Anno 1756. 

Goeler, Johan Michael 

Miillerin, Anna Margretha, dr. Nicolaus 
February 29, 1756. 

Richardson, William 

Robison, Elizabeth 
March 3, 1756, in Providence township. 

494 '^^^ Pennsylva7tia-Ger'man Society. 

Schneider, Nicolaus 

Heinrichs, Magdalena, (w. Johan) 

March 4, 1756. 

Campbel, George 

Mercil, Grace, widow of Dennis Bryan 
March 5, 1756, after three times publishing. 

Schliitzer, Johan Jacob 

Spring, Susannah widow Caspar 
March 7, 1756, live in Limbrick [sic] township. 

Davis, Isaac 

North, Sophia 
March 11, 1756. 

Jones, Mounce 

Jocum, Margreth dr. Jonas 
March 25, 1756, in Douglas township. 

Kautz, Joh, Jiirg, Thomas Belfield's servant 

[his Wench] 

March 25, 1756, from Necessity. 

Schmied, Johan David 

Rollerin, Jacobina dr. Jacob 
April 8, 1756, at New Hanover. 

Zoller, Peter [widower] 

Hertlein, [widow] 

May 12, 1756, at Schippach 

Gebhard, Jacob (widower] 

Althausin, Anna Maria 
June 8, 1756, beyond the Schuylkill. 

Boulton, Thomas 

Robison, Mary 
June 15, 1756, in Providence, after three times publishing. 

Staudle, Jacob 

Hufin, Catharina 
June 24, 1756, in the church, live in Matetcha. 

Dressier, Jiirg 

Klemmin, Catharina 
July 4, 1756, in Augustus church. 

Bredo, Martin 

Rothin, Maria Dorothea, [widow] 
July 5, 1756, after three Sunday Proclamations. 

Griesle, Jurg (widower) 

Jagesin. Catherina (widow) 
August 8, 1756, in New Hanover, (not paid) 

The Trappe Records. 495 

Kop, Jacob 

Behrens, Catharina 
August 15, 1756, from New Hanover. 

Schuler, Christian 

Zauterin, Juliana 
August 23, 1756, in Molotton church. 

Kohler, Henrich 

Heldin, Anna Margretha 
September 5, 1756, in New Hanover. 

Stein, Johannes, s. Adam 

Wollertin, EHsabeth 
September 13, 1756, in Chester county. 

Dannefaltzer, Jacob 

Heinrichs, Anna Barbara, dr. Wendel 
September 13, 1756, both from Pikestown. 

Schleuter, Peter 

Heilmannin, Magdalena, dr. Johannes 
September 13, 1756, at Pikestown. 

Ward, Joseph 

Reece, Elisabeth 
October 5, 1756, by authority of license dated October 2, both from 
Philadelphia county. 

Weichard, Georg 

Reinarin, Maria Magdalena, dr. Lorentz 
October 7, 1756, in Augustus church. 

Reece, Abel 

Davies, Catharine 
October 7, 1756, by virtue ol license dated Sept. 25. both of Provi- 
dence township. 

Essig. Johan Georg, s. Michael 

Jungin, Anna Maria 
October 21, 1756, in Augustus church. 

Hirster. Andreas 

Marstellerin. Anna Maria, dr. Peter 
December 16, 1756, at John Koplin's house. 

Anxo 1757. 

Evans, Enoch 
Evans, Mary 
January 2, 1757, by virtue of license dated January i, both single, 

from Limerick township. 

496 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Wuchter, Sebastian 

Penterin, Elisabeth 
January 4, 1757, in Richard North's house after due proclamation. 

Giess, Johan Nicol 

January 12, 1757, in New Hanover. 

Kop, Ludewig, from Schippach 

Eschbachin, Maria 
February i, 1757. 

Koppelberger, Christian 

Sanftlebin. Anna Elisabeth 
February 8, 1757, at New Hanover. 

Anderson, William 

Mac Daniel, Hanna 
February 8, 1757, in Charlestown, Chester co. after due proclamation. 

Stichter. Valentin 

Schweinhardtin, Eva Barbara 
February 15, 1757, at New Hanover. 

Schott, Johan Georg 

Lauin, Anna Barbara 
March 10, 1757, at Matetcha 

Heilman, Conrad 

Carlin, Elisabeth, dr. Johannes 
March 25, 1757, at Vincent beyond the Schuylkill. 

Schliitzer. Jacob (widower) 

Keplerin, PhiJippina (widow) 
April 13, 1757, in Conrad Jost's house. 

Haunshield, Johan Caspar 

Messerschmiedin, Christina 
April 2, 1757, from Westtown township, Chester county. 

Baker, John 

Treebe, Mary 
April 14, 1757, after three times publishing, living in Vincent town- 

ship, Chester county. 

Jager, Valentin 

Dockenwadlerin, Maria Magdalena (the deserted wife 
April 17, 1757. of Hans Jiirg Ramsberger) 

Gilbert, Johan Conrad 

Stoltzin, Elisabeth, dr. Christian 
April 19, 1757, at New Hanover. 

Wells, Isaac 

Frey, Hanna, dr. John 
May 19, 1757, at Indianfield after due proclamation. 

The Trappe Records. 


May 26, 1757, 
May 30, 1757, 
Tune 14, 1757, 
Tune 14, 1757, 
June 22, 1757, 
June 30, 1757, 
June 23, 1757, 
July 3, 1757. 
July 18, 1757, 

August 2, 1757, 

August 8, 1757, 
August 14, 1757, 

Emrich, Johan Georg 
Haasin, Anna Elisabeth 

in Vincent township, by Pastor Hartwich. 
Hulsebeck, Friedrich 
Parsin, Catharina 

in Augustus church. 
Ernst, Johan Jacob 
•Spannagelin, Anna Maria 

at White Horse, (Chester county) by Pastor Kurtz. 
King, Sebastian 
Been, Rebecca 

at Providence. 
Kohler, Johan Jacob 
Fisher, Catharina 

from Towamensing township. 
Bean, Thomas 
Evans, Sarah (widow) 

after three times publishing. 
Schleuer, Henrich 
Dirlin, Magdalena, dr. Christian 

in Charlestown, Chester county. 
Brenneman, Christian 
Merkelin, Catharina, dr. Jacob 

Kalb, Johannes 
Miillerin, Maria Elisabeth 

at Limerick, in presence of Johannes Ickes and 

Herman Neuman. 
Bedman, John 
Owens, Anna 

at East Nantmeal township, Chester county, in 

presence of Abraham Hammer [Providence] and 

James Allison. 
Acker, Johan Jiirg 
Klotzin, Susanna 

at New Hanover, in Mr. Campbel's house. 
Hofman, Philip [Randal Malin's servant] 
Spahaver, Hannah 

at the church at White Horse sign [St. Peter's 

Great Valley] after thrice pubHcation, and by 

written consent of Randal Malin. 

498 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Spring, Jacob [widower] from Modde Creek 

Schmied, Anna Maria, [widow Johannis] 
August 15, 1757, at parsonage after thrice publishing and waiting six 

Bunn, Johannes 

Conrad, Euphronica, dr. Peter 
August 18, 1757, in Augustus church. 

Kenney, Peter 

Schipman, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob 
September 22, 1757, at Raritan [New Jersey] by license. 

Schwartz, Friedrich 


September 29, 1757, at Raritan [New Jersey.] 

Griindler, Paulus 

Baschin, Catharina Elisabeth 
October 15, 1757, at Providence, both from Goshen township, 
Chester county. 

Lancker, [Liimker ?] Joh. Michael 

Jacklerin, Catharina 
September I r, 1757, at Providence by Rev. Kurtz, jun., after public 
notice, both from Chester county. 

Albrecht, Adam 

Friedlin, Eva Barbara 
October 16, 1757, at New Hanover. 

Emmert, Jiirg 

Weicselin, Elisabeth, dr. Michael 
October 18, 1757, at New Hanover. 

Biegel, Jacob 

Mullerin, Anna Maria, dr. Matthias 
November 5, 1757, in New Hanover township. 

Robison, David 

Hinton, Eleanora, (widow Jos.) 
November 14, 1757. 

Bieler, Christoph Friedrich 

Lupoldin, Maria Agnes 
November 28, 1757, at New Hanover, both live with John Potts, Esq., 
in Douglass township. 

Ernst, Adam, from Bedman township, 

Hillebartin, Eva Catharina, dr. Adam 
December 6, 1757. 

Schafer, Philip Jacob (widower) 

Heinrichin, Anna Catharina 
December 8, 1757, beyond the Schuylkill. 

The Trappe Records. 499 

Scot, Josua 

Jones, Rachel dr. David 
December 22, 1757, in the township of Providence and New Hanover. 

Anno 1758. 

Kebler, Simon 

Bullingerin, Elisabeth 
January 8, 1758, at New Hanover. 

Wagner, Mattheus (widower) 

Baumannin, Eva, widow Martin 
January 15, 1758, in Douglas township. 

Rupert, Valentin 

Degen, Catharina, widow of late Henrich 
January 22, 1758, at New Hanover, by Rev. Kurtz. 

Schmied, Jacob from Lemerick 

Miinnichinger, Anna INIargretha dr. Andreas 
January 29, 1758. 

Bohm, Adam 

Stein, Elisabeth dr. Adam 
February 5, 1758, at Pikestown. 

Miiller, Jacob 

Ludewig, Sybilla 
February 26, 1758, at Pikestown Schoolhouse 

Wurtenberger, Hans Jiirg 

Benedict, Anna Maria 
February 26, 1758, at Pikestown Schoolhouse 

Breder, Wendel 

Ducken, Elisabeth dr. Philip. 
January 10, 1758, in Augustus church. 

Peck, John s. Jeremiah 

Mecklin, Anna Margretha dr. Christoph 
March 7, 1758, in Chester county. 

Lange, Daniel 

Bussmannin, Maria Catharina 
March 19, 1758, at New Hanover (both from Hanover, Germany). 

Bleyer, John Adam 

Schrabin, Anna Margretha dr. Johan 
March 28, 1758, in Providence. 

Schweinhard, Johan Jiirg 

Schmiedin, Anna Maria dr. widow Schmied 
April 4, 1758, at New Hanover. 

5CX> The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Gerstemeier, Johan Jiirg 

Miillerin, Margretha dr. Christoph 
April 4, 1758, at Schippach. 

Leimbach, Friedrich 

Ritter, Catharine 
April 9, 1758, in Colebrookdale township, by license dated April I. 

Murry, Garret (widower) 

Morris, Elisabeth 
April 13, 1758, after three times publishing. 

Schneider, Jacob 

Heilman, Christian dr. Heinrich 
May 16, 1758, in Providence church (both from Schippach) 

Frey, Jacob 

Wells, Jemima 
May 23, 1758, at Indianfield after thrice publication. 

Bartle, Peter 

Jacobs, Catharine dr. Peter 
June—, 1758. 

Bahrt, Michael (widower) 

Sprogel, Susanna dr. late Johan Heinrich Sprogel 
August I, 1758. 

Sachse, Johan Georg 

Kuntzman, Elisabeth dr. Heinrich 
August I, 1758. 

Conningham, Robert 

Setzler, Hannah dr. Philip 
September 12, 1758, in Augustus church. 

Krumrein, Stephan 

Roth, Catharina dr. Conrad 
October 3, 1758, live in New Hanover. 

Mayberry, Sylvanus (widower) 

Hall, Rosina (widow) 
October 9, 1758, after three times publishing. 

Luther, George 

Dean, Mary, widow William 
October 10, 1758, in Charlestown, Chester county. 

Frey, Samuel 

Wells, Diana 
October 12, 1758, at Indianfield, after three times publishing. 

Spahard. Johannes 

Schneiderin, Catharina 
October 15, 1758, in Pikestown Schoolhouse 

The Trappe Records. 501 

Keller, Friedrich 

Jung, Catharina dr. Wendel 
October 19, 1758. 

Fenchel, Simon 

Sulier, Apollonia 
October 22, 1758, by consent of his Master, Wm. Conerly, after due 

Frieman, Abraham, widower 

Trietschin, Maria Margretha 
October 22, 1758, in Vincent township, Chester county. 

VVieseler, John Wolfgang 

Jungblut, Maria Martha step dr. Christian Rehkopf 
October 24, 1758. 

Fuchs, Heinrich (single) 

Schiiferin, Elisabeth (spinster) 
November 7, 1758, by order of Justice Keplin in presence of the Con- 

Gerber, Benedict 

Loreth, Dorothea 
November 12, 1758, in presence of Johannes Loreth and Philip Sperr. 

Scherstig, Caspar 

Heilmanin, Magdalena, (widow Peter Schleuter) 
December 14, 1758. 

Bracher, Johann Georg 

Wuchterin, Catharina 
December 19, 1758, living in Charlestown township, Chester county. 

Stauch, Gottfried 

Kesslerin, Anna Charlotta 
December 26, 1758, at Vincent, Chester county. 

Anno 1759. 

Boltner, Philip 

Halbin, Anna Catharina 
January 2, 1759, at New Hanover. 

Oxlein, Jiirg 

Krausin, Maria Catharina 
January 2, 1759, at New Hanover. 

Heinkel, Johan Christoph 

Sieger, Maria Eva, dr. Caspar 
January 23, 1759, at New Hanover. 

Rutter, Thomas 

Potts, Martha (Ms) 
February 20, 1759, by authority of license at Pott's Grove. 

502 The Pennsyh'ama-German Society. 

Frey, Johan George 

Hechlerin, Elisabeth 
February 23, 1759, at Pikestown school house, with consent of their 

Fuchs, Matthias (widower) 

Meir, Anna Maria, dr. Johannis 
March 6, 1759, at New Hanover, by Pastor Schaum. 

Blocher, Matthias 

Schwabin, Barbara 
May 15, 1759, i" the church, both trom Vincent township. 

Bostick, WilHam 

Lum, Mary 
April 2, 1759, at New Hanover, by Pastor Schaum. 

Graaf, William 

Heiserin, Barbara 
May 8, 1759. 

Fuchs, Jiirg, s. Jacob 

Schieligin, Catharine Elisabeth, dr. Philip. 
April 10, 1759. 

Frack, Jacob 

Krebs, Christina, dr. Henrich 
May 22, 1759. 

Davis, Elisha 

North, Sarah, dr. Rochar 
October 11, 1759, by authority of license. 

Scheidel, Martin 

Kreulin, Christina 
October 11, 1759, by authority of Hcense. 

Anno 1760. 

Schweinhard, Johannes 
Reichard, Johanna, dr. Caspar 
February 17, 1760, at New Hanover. 
Lloyd, William 
Jordan, Rachel 
March 5, 1760, by authority of license. Both from Limerick town- 

Priest, Absalom 
Hare, Catharine 
March 25, 1760, after thrice publishing, both from Upper Merion 

township. Witness : Henry Priest and Jeremia 

The Trappc Records. 503 

Theus, Matthias, s. Cornelius 

Heilman, Catharina, dr. Johannis. 
March 20, 1760, in Worcester township. 

Schlanecker, Georg s. Michael 

Burchard, Anna Catha : Elisabeth 
July 6, 1760. 

Penter, Ludewig 

Seiberin, Eva Catharina 
September 2, 1760. 

Benson, John 

Vanfesson, Anna 
September 23, 1760, upon certificate of Rev. Provost de Wrangel, that 
they were published three several Sundays in the 
church at Wicacoa, witness: Daniel Reif and Van- 
• dersluise. 

Vogeler, Jurg (widower) 

Rennin, Catharina (widow) 
September 30, 1760. * 

Friess, Michael 

Nied, Catharina dr. late Jurg 
October 28. 1760, at New Hanover. 

Heilman, Anthon s. Johannes 

Thomas, Sarah 
Novemberj27, 1760. 

Kuntzman, Martin 

Ebelin, Margretha 
December 14, 1760. 

Klein, John Peter 

EuHn, Anna Margretha 
December 17, 1760, at New Hanover. 

Barlow, John 

Savage, Hannah 
December 31, 1760, in Limerick by license dated December 17, 1760. 

Sander, Peter 

Gerhardin, Sara dr. Leonhard 
December 31, 1760, at Norrington, before Mr. Casselberger, Leonhard, 
Gerhard, etc. 

Anno 1761. 
• [a German miller] 

Kolben, dr. Ludewig 

January 6, 1761, in Christoph Raben's house after proper proclama- 

tion by Rev. Bryzelius, in Whitemarsh township. 

504 The Pennsylvania-German Society . 

Trump, Johannes 

Jiirg, Margretha, dr. Wendel 
February 10, 1761, in Augustus church. 

Weisel, Ludewig [widower] 

Schmiedin, Anna Maria, nee Heiser [widow] 
February 12, 1761, in Providence. 

Haas, Johannes 

Christmannin, Elisabeth, dr. Daniel 
March 12, 1761, in Vincent township. 

Kepner, Bernhard 

Zieber, Rebecca, dr. late Johannis 
March 3. 1761, in the church. 

Fuss, Nicolaus 

Stein, Anna Maria, dr, late Adam 
March 25, 1761, in Vincent township. 

Custer, Johannes 

Hauser, Elisabeth 
March 31, 1761, at Barren Hill, proper proclamation having been 

made in the Swedish church at Wicacoa. 

Bisbing, Henrich, from Goschehoppen, 

Kugler, Elisabeth, dr. Michael 
April 12, 1761, in New Hanover. 

Barthman, Johan Adam 

Kurtz, Anna Barbara, dr. Michael 
April 12, 1761, in New Hanover. 

Miiller, Peter 

Pugh, Margreth 
April 16, 1761, in Vincent township, Chester county. 

Becker, Johannis, s. Frantz 

Lahr, Maria 
April 19, 1761, at Providence, ex necessitate. 

Miiller, Martin, s. Matthias 

Wambold, Anna Maria, dr. Adam 
April 21, 1761, in New Hanover. 

Meyer, Michael 

Miiller, Eva, dr. Matthias 
April 21, 1761, in New Hanover. 

Maurer, Balthaser (widower) 

Rupertin, Eva 
April 27, 1761, at Providence. 

Hausile, Johan Friederich 

Hechlerin, Barbara 
May 5, 1761, beyond the Schuylkill, by Rev. B (oskerck) 

The Trappe Records. 505 

Stock, Johan Adam 

Diem, Susanna, dr. Thomas 

May 5, 1761. 

May, Thomas 

Holland, Sarah 
May 7, 1761, by authority of license. 

Berger, Johan Jost 

Woltz, Anna Margretha, dr. widow Woltzin. 
June 14, 1761. 

Schlerr, Johan Jacob 

Schmid, Elisabeth, (widow Johannis) 
June 15, 1761, in Vincent township. 

Schljitzer, Georg 

Beck, Catharina (widow) 
May 10, 1761. 

Marsteller, Johan Georg 

Kiister, Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus 
June 25, 1761, in Augustus church. 

Haas, N from Oley 

Miiller, dr Isaac 

July 7, 1761, in Limerick. 

Kercher, Johan Nicol 

Hardmannin, Maria Elisabeth 
August 9, 1 761, irom dire necessity, in Pike township, Chester 


Hannes, Wendel 

Fiedlerin, Philippina 
August 20, 1761, in Providence, both from Pike township. 

Schadler, Henrich (widower) 

Hofman, Michael 
August 23, 1761. 

Bauer, Michael 

Lobin, Catharina 
September 20, 1761, in Augustus church after proclamation. 

Dorolf, Andreas 

Fertig, Catharina dr. late Peter 
October 18, 1761, in Augustus church. 

Ickes, Johannes s. Nicolai from Limerick town.-^hip 

Frey, Margretha dr late Jacob 
November i, 1761, in Providence 

Krug, Mattheus 

Hartlein, Susanna dr. Michael 
Noveftiber 8, 1761. 

5o6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Anno 1762 

Schick, Ludewig 

Friedrich, Anna Maria dr. Jiirg Michael 
May 9, 1762, in New Hanover. 

Shelves, John 

Davies, Margreth 
June 7, 1762, by Mr. B[runholtz] after thrice proclamation. 

Wealthy, Jacob 

Lehrin, Anna Maria 
August 15, 1762, at New Hanover, after proclamation. 

Fertig, Johann Adam 

Bauer, Elisabeth 
August 15, 1762, at New Hanover, after proclamation. 

Sell, Anthon 

Kurtz, Elisabeth, dr. Michael 
September 12, 1762, at New Hanover, 

Fertig, Johannes 

Diemin, Elisabeth 
October 24, 1762, at New Hanover, by Mr. B [oskerk] 

Wageman, Martin 

Schwabin, Maria Margretha (widow) 
November i, 1762, beyond the Schuylkill, by Mr. B [oskerk] 

Kelchner, Matthias 

Krohnin, Maria 
November 30, 1762, in Augustus church, by Mr. B [oskerk] 

Anno 1763. 

Keyser, Johannis 

Marstellerin, Elisabeth, dr. Peter 
January 27, 1763, in Limerick. 

Ickes, Michael 

Keplin, Alice 
April ID, 1763, at New Hanover, by license dated March 30. 

Hebbenheimer, Georg 

Kargin, Catharina 
March 22, 1763. at New Hanover, after due publication. 

Bender, Christian (widower) 

Hermannin, Anna Maria 
April 10, 1763, at New Hanover, after due publication. 

Pfliman. Johann 

Konig, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Michael 
April 18, 1763, beyond the Schuylkill, after due proclamation. 

The Trappe Records. 507 

Maurer, Conrad, s. Baltzer 
Lendin, Margreth 
April 24, 1763, at New Hanover, after due proclamation. 

Anno 1764. 

Weidner, Adam 
Walker, Mary 
August 9, 1764, at New Hanover, by license dated August i. 

Anno 1765. 

Brand, George s. Philipp 
Reinert, Susanna dr. Philipp 
May 19, 1765, after due proclamation. 

Anno 1766. 

Lesch, Henrich s. late Martin 

Bliczli, Catharina dr. Martin 
January 26, 1766, after due proclamation. 

Marsteller, Valentin 

Hennrichin, Magdalena 
May 22, 1766, in Augustus church after due proclamation. 

Minz, Jacob 

Schumannin, Maria Margretha 
June 10, 1766. 

Anno 1767. 

Kebner, Benedict 
Reierin, Maria Elisabeth 

January 27, 1767. 

Schumann, Peter 
Schonholzen, Elisabeth 

February 10, 1767. 

Hartmann, Philipp 
Maureren, Anna Elisabeth 

March 8, 1767. 

Essig, Rudolph 
Bergeren, Maria 

March 10, 1767. 

5o8 The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

Gerber, Philipp 

Marxen, Margretha 
April 19, 1767. 

Weber, Wilhelm 

Bornen, Agnesa 
October 3, 1767. 

Hausan, Anton 

Beckeren, Elisabeth 
October 29, 1767. 

Haas, Hennrich 

Pannebeckern, Elisabeth 
November 29, 1767. 

Kiister, Nicolaus 

Schracken, Catharina 
December i, 1767. 

Anno 1768. 

Martini, Friedrich 

Miller, Mary 
January 10, 1768, by license dated September 29, 1767. 

Schrack, Hennrich 

Beckerin, Maria Magdalena 
March i, 1768. 

Moore, Tobias 

Pannebeckern, Elisabeth 
March 6, 1768. 

Pannebecker, Samuel 

Gilberten, Hanna 
May 15, 1768. 

Ritter, Matthias 

Heillemann, Anna Maria 
October 30, 1768. 

Rettenbach, Hennrich 

Osterlein, Margretha 
October 30, 1768. 

Anno 1773 

Bolich, Johan Valentin 

Fewinger, Maria Elisabeth 
May 23, 1773, 

Conner, Barnabas 

Fischern, Elisabeth 
July 4, 1773. 

The Trappe Records. 509 

May 29, 1774. 

Anno 1774. 

Rieser, Michael 
Pannebeckern, Hanna 

Fuchs, Baltzer 
Fenchel, Mary 
December 26, 1774, by license dated December 20. 


Register of such as are Confirmed in the Christian 
religion and were admitted for the first time to the 
holy Sacrament of the body and blood of Jesus 

Anno 1745, June 15. 

Stahl, Caspar, and his lawful wife were confirmed after a previous con- 
fessional service and examination. 

1745. June 16, Dom. /, Post Trin. 

The following were after proper instruction by us, the pastors, in 
open congregation, examined, confirmed and admitted to the Lord's 
Supper : 

Schmieden, Anna Maria, age 15 j^ears, Conrad Acker's Reformed step- 
dr. Had a fair conception 

Setzlerin, Anna Johanna, age 15 years, 

Maria Catharina, age 12 years, 

drs. Philip Jacob and Maria Rosina, both born in this coun- 
try, and have some knowledge of salvation ; the youngest 
was baptized Whit Sunday, 1743. 

Heiser, Andreas, s. Johannes, 

has only limited knowledge, intends to continue at school. 

Marsteller, Johann Heinrich, s. Friedrich, age 15 years. 
Has a good conception. 

Wolfinger, Christina, 22 years old; 

from.Koschehoben (Conshehocken ?) father Catholic, mother 
Lutheran. Her knowledge was bad, could not read, but 
has promised to learn. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Anno 1746, April 13 

Were Examined and Confirmed in presence of the Congregation^ 

Siihler, Johann Michael, age 18 years, s. Peter. 

Sahler, Valentine Michael, age 16 years, s. Peter. 

Weber, Jacob (from Sacum), age 19 years, s. Friedrich. 

Schmid, Johann Melchior, age 18 years, s. Hans Jiirg. 

Schmid, Heinrich, age 17 years, s. Hans Jiirg. 

Ramsauer, Johannes, age 17 years, s. Dietrich. 

Rahn, Johann Caspar, age 15 years, step-son Balthaser Sahler. 

Bastian, Jiirg Michael, age 14 years, s. Michael . 

Kilian, Johann Nicol, age 15 years, s. Matthias. 

Haas, Peter, age 15 years ,s. Bastian (from Surin) 

Sahlerin, Anna Martha, age 15 years, dr. Peter. 

Gauerin, Eva Elisabeth, age 15 years, dr. widow Gauerin. 

Weberin, Catharina, age 16 years, dr. Friedrich. 

Lerrin, Christina, age 15 years, dr. Heinrich. 

Anno 1747, May 7. 

Alter previous instruction and public examination following were 

confirmed in the Christian faith. i-^ 

Heilman, Johannes, 18 years, s. Johannes, beyond the Schuylkill. 

Was neglected in his youth, knows little, but has a good 

Heilman, Elisabeth, nee du Frenin wife Jiirg Adam from beyond the 
Schuylkill, age 19 years. 
Neglected from her youth, but has a desire for good. 

Scherer, Maria, nee Jiingling, wife Valentin, age 20 years. 

Was duly examined and baptised before the Congregation 
June 16, 1745, and is now confirmed. She has a fine con- 
ception of sanctity and endeavors to put it in practice. 

Sprogelin, Elisabeth, age 16 years, dr. widow Sprogel. 

Can read English well, has also acquired a good concep- 
tion of salvation which gives good ground for hope, 

Essigin, Maria Anna, age 21 years, dr. Jiirg. 

Has gotten around among all kinds of people who care 
nothing about Christ. God led her here through all her 
tribulations. Has a good conception. 

Heiserin, Salomae, age 16 years, dr. Johannis. 

Reads fairly, knows the catechism, and has the intention to 
seek the truth of salvation diligently, but at same time is 

The Trappe Records. 


Koppin, Christina, aged 18 years, Johannes Heiser's servant girl. 

Can read a httle, and comprehends the order of salvation. 
God grant her true faith. 

Kommlingin, Sophia, Gaugler's servant girl. 

A bad reader, cannot comprehend and is weak in under- 
standing I was urged to admit her as she was a scullion, 
and had little time and no opportunities. 

Giessin, Catharina, dr. Nicolai, Heinrich Ramsauer's servant girl, 
age 17 years. 
Could read, learned the catechism, and had a fair knowl- 
edge of the information. 

Hertleinin, Anna Margretha, aged 16 years, from the Oley Mountains. 
Could read a little, had also embraced a fair conception. 

Lindermannin, Susannah Elisabeth, dr. Justus, age 13 years. 

The father hurried her confirmation, as he wanted her to be 
of his perszuasion. She was very weak in her knowledge. 

Anno 1748, May 29. 

Klein, Gabriel, s. Isaac, age 17 years, 9 months. 

Moderate knowledge and faith. 
Marsteller, Daniel, s. Friedrich, age 13 years. 

Fair conception and tractable nature. 
Leer, Andreas, s. Heinrich, age 13 years. 

Moderate understanding and flighty temperament, 
du Frene, Jacob s. of Reformed parents, age 18 years. 

Neglected in his youth, can read a little but cannot com- 
Ziegenfuss, Johann Jiirg s. Jacob, age 15 years. 

Cannot read through lack of opportunity. Tractable and 

Hornbergerin, Anna Maria dr. Bartholomaei, age 15 years. 

Can read and knows the catechism by heart 
DilHngerin, Anna Maria, dr Heinrich Wilhelm, age 16 years. 

Can read and knows the catechism. 
Dorflingerin, Anna Maria, dr. Friedrich, age 14 years. 

Can read and knows the catechism 

Anno 175 1, April 7. 
Confirmed in Providence. 
Marsteller, Friedrich, s. Friedrich. 

Can read and knows most of catechism. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Kiefer, Christian, s. Conrad, from Goschoppen, age 21 years. 

Neglected in his youth. 
Gabel, Friedrich, s. Friedrich of Goschoppen, age 16 years. 

Can read a Httle. 
Stein, Johannes, s Johann Adam, from beyond the Schuylkill, 

age 19 years. 

Was neglected in his early youth. 
Haas, Johannes, s. Conrad, age 15 years. 

Cannot read. 
Sohl, Johannes, s. Johan Dietherich, age 14 years. 

Can read fairly. 
Maurer, Conrad, s. Balthaser, age 18 years. 

Can read. 
Wohlfarth, Gottfried, a widow's son, age 14 years. 

Can read and repeat the catechism by heart 
Wirthin, Maria Barbara, dr. Jacob, age 14 years. 

Can read a little. 
Zipperlin, Anna, dr. Friedrich, from Rheinberk, about 16 years. 

Can read, and knows the little catechism. 
Newhauss, Francisca, dr. Johannis, age 18 years. 

Can read in English. 
Karcherin, Susannah, dr. Phillip, age 16 years. 

Can read but little, knows nothing about the catechism. 

Her parents live in the Blue Mountains. 
Sahlerin, Elisabeth, dr. Peter, age 15 years. 

Can read a little and knows the catechism. 
Heldin, Anna Margretha, dr. widow Heldin. age 14 years. 

Knows how to read catechism tolerable. 
•Gerberin, Christina, dr. widow Gerberin, age 20 years. 

Lived at service in the past and was neglected. 
Gabelin, Elisabeth, dr. Friedrich, age 18 years. 

Can read and knows the catechism. 
Hauchin, Anna Maria, dr. Jacob, age 18 years. 

Served with Quakers and was neglected. 
Braachin, Susannah, dr. Caspar, about 15 years 

Can read. 
Frohligin, Anna Maria, dr. Johannis, age 20 years. 

Was neglected but is of a tractable nature 
Haasin, Elisabeth, dr. Conrad, age 13 years. 

Knows the catechism 
Bastian, Catharina, dr. Andreas, age 19 years. 

Was neglected. 

The Trappe Records. 513 

Merckelin, Veronica, dr. Jacob, age 19 years. 
Can read a little. 

Anno 1752, Apkil 12. 
Confirmed by Rev. Schultz in Augustus church. 

Voltz, Jiirg, stepson Christoph Berger, age 19 years. 

Rayer, Michael, s. Carl, age 14 years. 

Heilman, Anthon, s. Johannis, age 14 years. 
Marsteller, George, s. Friedrich, age 15 years. 
Beyer, Heinrich, an orphan, age 16 years. 

Serving with Johan Nicol Seidel- 
Borgerin, Elisabeth, dr. Christian, a Mennonite, aged 19 years. 
Marstellerin, Anna Maria, dr. Peter, age 14 years. 
Weigelin, Anna Maria, dr. Joseph, age 20 years. 
Krebsin, Anna Maria, dr. Simon, age 19 years. 
Muntzin, Margretha, dr. Philip, age 15 years. 
Essigin, Anna Catharina, dr. Michael, age 14 years. 
Heilmannin, Anna Catharina, dr. Heinrich, age 13 years. 
Heilmannin, Anna Catharina, dr. Johann, age 13 years. 
Spitznagelin, Gertraut, dr. Balthaser, age 14 years. 
Fadin, Anna Christina, dr Jacob, age 14 years. 

Anno 1753, May 13. 
Confirmed in presence of the Congregation. 

Essig, Michael, s Michael, age 19 years. 

Hoppach, Andreas, s. Michael, age 16 years. 
Numerigin, Elisabeth Catharina, dr. Joh. Nicol, age 17 years. 

From Darmstadt [Germany]. 
Bartholomaein, Eva Margretha, dr. Phillip, age 18 years. 
Hausamin, Susannah, dr. Jiirg (dec), step-dr. Melchior Heiter, age 15 

Heinrichin, Catharina Barbara, dr. Jiirg, age 16 years. 
Hoppachin, Elisabeth, dr. Michael, age 13 years. 
Sprogel, Susannah. 

November 13, 1753. 

Miickelin, Anna Maria, dr. Christoph, age 17 years. 
Instructed and Confirmed. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Anno 1754, April 14, ns. 
In presence of the Congregation at Providence. 

Krause, Christian, s. Nicolaus, age 20 years. 

Cannot read fluently. 
Heilmann, Johan Balthaser, s. Johannis, age 18 years. 

Serves with his step-brother Michael Heilmann, neglected 

in his youth. 
Kalb, Adam, s. Martin, age 15 years. 

Reads fairly. 
Miintz, Johan Jacob, s. Philip, age 15 years. 

Reads badly. 
Heilman, Conrad, s. Johannis, age 20 years. 

Can read a little. 
Rambow, Mary, wife of Peter. 
Custer, Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus, age 14 years. 

Can read. 
Kohl, Catharina Elisabeth, age 22 years, wife of Schoolmaster 


Knows how to read. 
Krausin, Catharina, dr. Nicolaus, grand dr. Hieronymus Haas, age 
18 years. 

Reads fairly well. 
Heinrichin, Anna Barbara, dr. Jiirg, age 16 years. 

Reads fairly well. 
Jungin, Maria Catharina, dr. Wendel, age 15 years. 

Can read. 
Heilmannin, Magdalena, dr. Johannis, age 16 years. 

Serves with her brother Michael, beyond the SchuylkilL 

Can read a little. 

Anno 1755, March 30. 

Koch, Henrich, s. Jacob, age 20 years. 

Sproegel, John, s. John Henry, age 15 years. 
Heinrich, Johan Peter, s. Johan, age 16 years. 
Kebner, Tobias, s. John, age 19 years. 
Kebner, Bernhard, s. John, age 16 years. 
Schuman, Johan Peter, s. Ludewig, age 18 years. 
Miiller, Philip, s. Nicolaus, age 13 years. 

At service with Jacob Miller. 
Koch, William, s. Alburtus, age 14 years. 

At service with Christoph Rahn. 

The Trappe Records. 515 

Botener, Elias, s. Ludewig, age 15 years. 

At service with Croesmann the saddler. 
Marsteller, Valentin, s. Friedrich. 
Haas, Heinrich, s. Heinrich, age 14 years. 

Haas, Valentin, s. Heinrich. age 15 years. 

Held, Martin, s. Dieterich, age 14 years. 

Kuntzman, Daniel, s. Heinrich, age 16 years. 

Lives in the Blue Mountains. 
Gerber, Wendel, age 23 years. 

Heretofore kept himself with the Mennonites. 
Vogler. Johan Adam, s. Jiirg, age 15 years. 

Service with Ludewig Ehewald. 
Heinrichin, Anna Catharina, dr. Johann, age 14 years. 
Heinrichin, Eva Elisabeth, dr. Johann, age 13 years. 
Scheckin, Rosina Elisabeth, dr. Erhard, age 15 years. 
Scheckin, Sophia, dr. Erhard, age 13 years. 

Service with Adam Protzman. 
Heilmannin, Anna Christina, dr. Heinrich, age 14 years. 
Steinin, Catharina, dr. Adam, age 18 years. 

Schleuterin, Maria Elisabeth, dr, Hieronymus, age 14 years. 
Schumannin, Anna Margretha, dr. Ludewig, age r5 years. 
Mullerin, Dorothea, age 15 years, dr. Conrad. 
Mullerin, Esther, age 13 years, dr. Conrad. 
Kuntzmannin, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich, age 14 years. 
Franckenbergerin, Maria, dr. Conrad. 

At service with Henry Muhlenberg. 
Vossin, Barbara, wife of Heinrich Marsteller. 

Op de Grave, Margretha, widow Thomas How, age 63 years. 
Schelligin, Catharina, dr. Philip, (Reformed) age 17 years. 

Confirmed October 26, married October 28, [to Johannes 


Anno 1756. June 6. 

Confirmed in presence of the congregation and admitted to the 
Holy Sacrament. 

Custer, Christian, s. Nicolaus, age 22 years. 

Miiller, Johan Nicolaus, s. Nicolaus, age 18 years. 

Hartenstein, Peter, s. Ludewig, age 25 years. 
Herman, Michael, s. late Gottlob, step-son Jiirg Croesman, age 17 

Hofman, Nicolaus, s, late Philip, age 21 years, 
Maurer, Ludewig, s. Peter, aged 15 years. 

5i6 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Pfad, Bernhard, s. Jacob, age 15 years. 

Schubert, Herman, step-son Jacob Kressen, age 17 years. 

Becker, Jiirg, s. Peter, age 15 years. 

Essig, Rudolph, s. Michael, age 15 years. 

Hermannin, Susannah, step-dr. Jiirg Croesmann, age 15 years. 

Schmellin, Julianna Catharina, dr. Nicolaus, age 15 years. 

Weichardtin, Anna Barbara, dr late Jiirg, age 15 years. 

Schultzin, Maria Anna, dr. Nicolaus. 

At service with Herman Umstad. 
Wackerin, Gertraut, dr. Leonhard, age 13 years. 
Heilmannin, Maria, dr. Johannis, age 15 years. 
Heiserin, Barbara, dr. widow Heiser. 
Beckerin, Elisabeth, dr. Peter, age 13 years. 

Anno 1757, June 18. 

Schauber, Maria Philippina, dr. Johannis, from New Jersey, age 16 
years, 6 months. 

Anno 1756, June 26. • 

In presence of the congregation at Pikestown, Chester county, were 
Confirmed in the Christian religion after due instruction. 

Miintz, George Christoph, s. Philip, age 15 years. 

Schleuter, Valentin, s. Hieronymus, age 14 years. 
Ernst, Johannes, s. Joh. Wendel, age 14 years. 

Valentin, step-son Adam Stein, age 15 years. 

Heinrichin, Rosina, dr. Wendel, age 14 years. 
Heilmannin, Elisabeth, dr. Michael, age 14 years. 
Heilmannin, Elisabeth, nee Carlin, wife Conrad, age 16 years. 
Steinin, Anna Maria, dr Adam, age 17 years. 

Mullerin, Maria Apollonia, dr. Conrad, age 12 years. 
Moses, Catharina, dr. Hans Adam, age 13 years. 

Konigin, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Michael, age 16 years. 
Hartmannin, Maria Apollonia, dr. Johannis, age 15 years. 
Ludewigin, Maria Sybella, dr. PhiHp, age 15 years. 

Anno 1758, March 26. 

Easter Sunday in presence of the Providence congregation. 
Pohlman, Daniel, about 16 years. 
Miiller, Valentin, s. Nicolaus, age 14 years. 

Rieser, Melchior, s. Friederich, age 18 years. 

Rieser, Jacob, s. Friedrich, age 16 years. 

The Trappe Records. 517 

Croesman, Johannis, s. Johan Georg, age i8 years. 

Croesman, Valentin, s. Johan Georg, age 15 years. 

Haupt, Heinrich, s. Bastian, age 14 years. 

Krohn, Jacob Lorentz, step-son Hieronymus Haas, age 21 years. 

Kebner, Benedict, s. John, age 18 years. 

Schonlein, Andreas, s. Michael, age 15 years. 

Gutin, Anna Maria, dr. widow Gut, age 15 years 

Fiederlin, Maria, dr Vitus, age 16 years. 

Burgerin, Maria Margretha, age 19 years. 

Krohnin, Susannah Christina, dr. late Martin, step dr. Hieronymus 

Haas, age 19 years. 
Jostin, Elisabeth, dr. Conrad, age 17 years. 

Hauptin, Elisabeth, dr. Bastian, age 16 years. 
Marsteller, Eva, dr. late Jiirg, age 15 years. 
Seidelin, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johan Michel, age 13 years. 
VVolfskehlin, Regina, dr. Johannis, age 15 years. 
Spitznagelin, Elisabeth, dr. Balthasar, age 16 years. 
Schmellin, Susannah Catharina, dr. late Nicolaus, age 15 years. 
Dick, Elisabeth, wife of Wendel Breder. 

Anno 1758, April 9. 

Young persons Confirmed in the Oley Mountain'^. 
Meyer, Martin, s. Friedrich, age 16 years. 

Klem, Johannes, s. Michael, age 15 years. 

Muthhard, Adam, step-son Dieterich Becker, age 19 years. 
Koppelberger, Johan Nicolaus, s. Heinrich, age 18 years. 
Wilson, Thomas, s. Thomas, age 18 years. 
Brachin, Anna Christina, dr. Caspar, age 21 years. 
Imbotin, Anna Maria, age 16 years, of a Reformed father. 
Rothin, Anna Catharina, dr. Matthias, age 15 years. 

Rothin, Maria Barbara, dr. Matthias, age 14 years. 

Petri, Elisabeth, dr. Johan Peter, age 14 years. 

Koppelbergerin, Catharina, dr. Heinrich, age 16 years. 
Muthhardtin, Anna Catharina, step-dr. Dieterich Becker, age 17 years. 
Muthhardtin, Maria Barbara, step-dr. Dieterich Becker, age 15 years. 
Wilson, Anna Catharina. dr. Thomas, age 16 years. 

Anno 1758, June 17. 

In the New Germantown church in New Jersey, following persons 
were Confirmed in the Christian faith : 

Hendershut, Priscilla, dr. William Philips, wife of Peter, age 24 years. 
Philips, Elisabeth, dr. William, age 19 years. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society, 

Towardton, Catharine, dr. James, age 20 years. 
Bauman, N. age 23 years. 

Hendershut, wife of Johannis, 7tee du Boteins, age about 30 years. 

Hofman, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Jiirg, age 18 years. 

Her father is a Catholic. 
Schnaufer, Margretha, dr. Johan Jiirg, age 15 years. 

Anno 1759, May 6. 

At New Providence 

Kalb, Jacob, s. Martin, age 15 years. 

Fleischer, Johan Georg, s. Johannis, age 15 years 
Fuchs, Christoph, s. Matthias, age 18 years. 

Haupt, Bastian, s. Joh. Nicol, age 14 years. 

Hartman, Philip, age 18 years. 

Servant to Joh. Brutler. 
Kebner, Matthias, s John, age 18 years. 
Muller, Peter, s. Peter. 

Servant to Jiirg Croesman, age 16 years. 
Becker, Philip, s. Peter, age 16 years. 

Apprenticed to John Ickes. 
Essig, Margreth, dr. Michael, age 15 years. 

Heilman, Elizabeth, dr. Johannes, age 16 years. 

Lives in North Wales. 
Blockler, Catharina, dr. Martin, age 19 years. 
Fuchs, Elizabeth, dr. Matthias, age 15 years. 

Fuchs, Maria Elizabeth, dr. Matthias, age 13 years. 

Hartenstein, Elisabeth, dr. Ludewig, age 17 years. 
Haas, Elisabeth Margretha, dr. late Henrich, age 16 years. 

Becker, Maria, dr. Peter, age 13 years. 

Bastian, Regina, dr. Michael, age 12 years. 
Miiller, Maria, Justina, dr. Christoph, age 14 years. 

Haupt, Dorothea, dr. Joh. Nicol, age 22 years. 

Anno 1760, June i. 

Guldy, Callus, s. Gallus, age 22 years. 

Berger, Friedrich, s. Hans Jiirg, age 20 years. 

Wangert, Valentin, s. late Herman and widow Neuhaus, age 21 years. 

Schrack. Jacob, s. Philip, age 20 years. 

Merckle, Abraham, s. Abraham, age 16 years. 

Diirr, Josua, s. Andreas, age 15 years. 

Reiser, Michael, s. Friedrich, age 15 years. 

Welty, Jacob, s. late Johannis, age 20 years. 

The Trappe Records. 


Lindeman, Justus, s. Justus, age 17 years. 

Herd, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob, age 23 years. 

Miiller, Hanna, dr. Wykard, age 16 years. 

Merckle, Nella, dr. Jacob, age 16 years. 

Woltzin, Margretha dr. widow Elisabeth, age 20 years. 

Jost, Susannah, dr. late Conrad, age 17 years. 

Diem, Susannah, dr. Thomas, age iS years. 

Seibert, Rosina, dr. Balthasar, age 16 years. 

Marsteller, Elisabeth, dr. Peter, age 15 years. 

Sontag, Anna Maria, dr Johannis, age 18 years. 

Bergerin, Christina, dr. Hans Jiirg, age 18 j-ears. 

Woltzen, Elisabeth, dr. widow Elisabeth, age 15 years. 

Marsteller, Catharina, dr. Peter, age 13 years. 
Uuderkofner, Eva Maria, dr. Jacob, age 14 years. 
Hochwerterin, Elisabeth, dr. widow Christina, age 13 years. 

AxNo 1761, February 25. 

de Haven, Jacob, upon his dying bed, at his own request received the 
Holy sacrament for the first time. 

Anno 1761, March 29. Dom Ouasimodegeniti. 

Confirmed in presence of the Congregation : 

Muhlenberg, Johann Peter, s. Rev. Heinrich Melchior, age 15 years. 

Kuntzman, Henrich, s. Henrich, age 15 years. 

Kuntzman, Christoph, s. Henrich, age 13 years. 

Schrack, Johannes, s. Philip, age 19 j^ears. 

Hartenstein, Jacob, s. Ludevvig, age 14 years. 

Steinhauer, Michael, s. Wilhelm, age 13 years. 

Schonlein, Leonhard, s. Michael, age 15 years. 

Miinnichinger, Josua, s. Andreas, age 16 years. 

Mohr, (Moore) Tobias, s. William, age 16 years. 

Muhlenberg, Eva Elisabeth, dr. Rev. Heinrich Melchior, age 14 years. 










Catharina, dr. Peter, age 15 years. 
Gertraut, dr. \'alentin, age 15 years. 
Margretha, dr. Johannes, age 15 years. 
Magdalena, dr. Jiirg, age 14 years. 
Elisabeth, dr. Carl, age 14 years. 
Elisabeth, dr. Joh. Georg, age 14 years. 
Catharina, dr. Michael, age 15 years. 
Magdalena, dr. William, age 14 years. 
Maria, dr. Mr. Johannis, age 15 years. 

520 The Pennsylvania-German Society 

Winzenheller, Maria, dr. Nicolai, age i8 years. 
Haupt, Maria, dr. Bastian. 

Brenner, dr. Paul, step-dr, Georg Gassinger. 

Brenner, dr. Paul, step-dr. Georg Gassinger. 

Schmellin, Maria, dr. widow Schmell. 

Anno 1765, May 19. Dom. Exaudi. 

Confirmed in presence of the Providence Congregation 

Heilmann, Johannes, s. Johannes. 

Freund, Georg, s. Friedrich. 

Steck, Friedrich, s Adam. 

Mercklin, Isaac, s. AVjraham. 

Seidelin, Catharina, dr. Nicolaus. 

Heilmannin, Maria, dr. Johann. 

Miillerin, Margretha, dr. Peter. 

Marsteller, Elisabeth, nee Umstatin wife Daniel. 

Freund, Julianna, dr Friedrich. 

Moorin, Barbara, dr. Andreas. 

Mercklin, Elisabeth, dr. Abraham. 

Eieserin, Elisabeth, dr. Johann. 

Breitenfeldin, Maria. 

Blecklin, Christina. 

Heftmann, Margretha, 

Borgberin, Maria. 

Anno 1766, May 18. 

Confirmed in Augustus Church. 

Croesmann, Phillip, s. Johann. 

Croesmann, Carl Ludewig. 

Steck, Friedrich George, s. Friedrich. 

Marsteller, Michael, s. Peter. 

Schrack, Johann, s. Jacob. 

Dannehauer, Johannes, s. Abraham. 

Hummel, Jacob, s. Henrich. 

Hummel, Christian. 

Scharer, Margretha, dr. Valentine. 

Scharerin, Elisabeth. 

Heiiirich, Magdalena, dr. late Johann. 

Hennrichin, Elisabeth. 

Haas, Maria, dr. Henrich. 

Mercklin, Barbara, dr. Jacob. 

The Trappe Records. 


Held, Catharina, dr. Adam. 

Klein, Maria Catharina, dr. Jacob. 

Goshinger, Elisabeth, dr. George. 
Goshinger, Maria. 
Dannehauerin, Elisabeth. 

Anno 1767, Mense Junii Confirniati Sunt. 

Kebner, David, s Johann, aged 16 years. 

Kebner, Johannes, s. Johann. 

Haas, Hieronymus, s. late Heinrich, aged 16 years. 

Becker, Johann, s. Peter age 17 years. 

Rieser, Christoph, s. late Friedrich, age 16 years. 

Reyer, Johannes, s. Carl, age 16 years. 

Becker, Anna Magdalena, dr. Peter, age 16 years. 

Johnsen, Barbara, dr. Wendel, age 15 years. 

Kebner, Catharina, dr. Johannis, age 15 years. 

Blecklen, Catharina, age 16 years. 

Hartmann, Anna Elisabeth, wife Philip 

Maurern, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob, age 15 years. 

Anno qui numeratur MDCCLXX Post Saluatoreni Natmn, Catechumeni 
Sequentes Confirniati Sunt. 

Miller, Conrad, s. Philip, age 16 years. 

Hauf, Andreas, s. Peter, age 18 years. 

Schrack, Jacob, s. Jacob, age 17 years. 

Schrack, Philip, s. Philip, age 21 years. 

Steck, Philip Michael, s. Friedrich, age 15 years. 

Mercklin, Jacob, s. Philipp. 

Becker, Friedrich, s. Peter. 

Kebnern, Elisabeth, dr. Johann, age 15 years 

Pawlin, Rahel, dr. Jos*ph, age 20 years. 

Mercklin, Hanna. dr. Jacob age 18 years. 

Schrack, Margretha, dr. Philip, age 19 years 

Kressmann, Margretha, dr. late George, age 16 years. 

Schrack, Margretha, dr. Christian, age 16 years. 

Polichen, Maria Barbara, dr. J. George, age 15 years. 

Buschen, Anna, dr. Johannes, age 17 years. 

Haasen, Elisabeth, dr Johannes, age 18 years. 

Scherern, Catharina, dr Valentin, age 17 3'ears. 

Mercklin, Elisabeth, dr. Philip 

Heilmann, dr. Henrich. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Anno 1772, May 20. 

Bolich, George, s. George 

Bolich, Valentin, s. George 

Petri, Valentin, s. Andrew. 

Finckbein, Phillip Jacob, s. Tobias. 

Klein, Jacob, s. Jacob. 

Miller, Jacob, s. late Jacob. 

Brotzmann, Jacob, s. Adam. 

Mercklin, Jacob, s. Abraham. 

Marsteller, Friedrich, s. Heinrich. 

a so-called foundling adopted and raised by the 

township. Was baptized at same time at his earnest re" 

Fischer, Elisabeth, dr. late Friedrich. 
Klein, Anna Barbara, dr. Jacob 

Klein, Anna Maria, dr. Jacob. 

Becker, Susannah, dr Peter. 
Becker, Christina, dr. Peter. 
Steck, Elisabeth, dr. Friedrich. 

Kuchlet, Anna Maria, dr. Michael. 
Hinder, Elisabeth, dr. Adam. 

Scharer, Maria, dr. Valentin. 
Setzler, Anna, dr. Friedrich. 
Setzler, Margretha, dr. Friedrich. 

Seiler, Elisabeth, dr. Valentine. 

Seller, Margretha, dr. Valentine. 

Mercklin, Barbara, dr. Abraham. 
Piettermann, Elisabeth, dr. Jacob. 
Fenchel, Anna Juliunda, dr. Simon. 

Anno i 774, dies 5 Jiinii praegressa eruditione ins civitatis in Ecclesia 
sic dicta Lutherana acceperunt. 

Wacker, Leonhard, age 17 years. 

Scharer, Johannes, s. Valentine, age 16 years. 

Miller, Philip, s. Peter, age 20 years. 

Jung, Carl, s. late Christian, age 19 years. 

Sauer, Johannes, s. Friedrich, age 18 years. 

Heilmann, Paul, s. Johannes, age 18 years. 

Buschen, Christina, dr. Nicolaus, age 19 years. 

Setzler, Catharina, dr. Friedrich, age 16 years. 

Sauren, Catharina, dr. Friedrich, age 16 years. 

Bleckle, Elisabeth, dr. Martin, age 16 years. 

TJic Trappe Records. 

Jung, Catharina, dr. Christian, age 17 years. 

Miller, Catharina, dr. Lorentz, age 24 years. 

Miller, Elisabeth, dr. Lorentz, age 19 years. 

Miller, Sophia, dr. Lorentz, age 17 years. 

Miller, Susanna, dr Lorentz, age 16 years 

Leitzlen, Catharina, dr. Wolfgang, age 26 years. 

Kugler, Catharina, dr. Michael, age 15 years. 


Anno 1776, May 5. 

Busch, Johannes, s. Nicolaus, age 17 years. 

Brotzmann, Friedrich, s. Adam, age 15 years. 
Jung, George, s. Christoph, age 17 3^ears. 

Heinrich, Adam, s. late johannis, age 22 years. 
Gresmann, Adam, s. late George age 17 years. 
Finckbeiner, Johannes, s. late Tobias, age 19 years. 
Bolich, Johannes, s. Peter, age iS years. 

Schneider, Benjamin, s. Nicolaus. 
Finckbeiner, Susannah, dr. late Tobias, age 18 years. 
Heppler, Christina, dr. Christina, age 17 years. 

Brotzmann, dr. Adam, age 13 years 

Scharer, Elisabeth, Gemini Valentin, age 15 years. 
Schiirer, Susanna, Gemini Valentin, age 15 years. 
Bender, Catharina. dr. Ludewig. age 15 years. 
Miller, Rosina, dr. Benedict, age 16 years. 

Anno 1778, June 21. 



Johannis, s. Ludewig. 


Kilian, s. Christian 


George, s. Michael. 


Johannes, s. George. 


Abraham, s. Christian. 


George, s. Gottlieb. 


Sophia, dr. Ludewig. 


Catharina, dr. Ludewig. 


Anna. dr. Jacoli. 


Amalia, dr. Lorenz. 


Magdalena, dr. Valentin 

524 The Pe7insy Ivan ia- German Society. 


May 20, 

August 26, 
August 29, 

September 26, 
Ssptember 29, 
October 2, 
October 17, 


November 30, 

July 6, 

May 31, 
July 17, 

July 25, 

August 16, 
October 7, 

January 7, 
February 7, 
March i, 
March 7, 
October 11, 

February 6, 
April 19, 


Keim, Hans Michael, b. July 31, 1678, at Oberrothr 
Hohenlohe. Came here [6 years ago. d. May 19. 
b. on his plantation. Leaves a widow and two drs. 

Koster, Samuel, s- Nicolaus, bap. a few months ago. 

Reiter, Johannis, wife and child, b. in one grave in 
Mennonite ground. (She was Reformed.) 

Heilman, Maria Salome, w. Anthon, age 73 years 

Heilman, s. Heinrich, age 3 years, — months. 

Heiser, Rebecca, dr Johannis, aged 6 years. 

Toppelius, Johan Jacob age 83 years An old Re- 
formed neighbour. 

Wagner, dr. Bastian. 

Wagner, dr. Bastian. 

(Reformed,) both b. beyond the Schuylkill. 

Berg, Caspar, (single) age 30 years 


Diirrbehr, Peter, age 72 years. An old Reformed man 

who lived with Hieronymus Haas. 
Spyker, Johann Peter, s. Peter, at Schippach, age i year, 

- - weeks ; drowned in a spring. 
Wishan, Johannes, s. Johannes, age 3 years, 10 months, 

14 days 
Croesman, Esther, dr. Johannes, of Indianfield, age r 

year, — weeks. 
Wintermuthin, widow Elisabeth. 
Haag, Maria Barbara Magdalena, nee Krumreinin, wife 

Michael, age 31 years. 


Weichard, Anna Margretha, dr. Hans Jiirg. 

Heinrich, Jiirg, b. beyond the Schuylkill. 

Heinrich, Bernhard, s. Johann. 

Dromb, Philip Tobias. 

Heilman, Johannes, b. beyond the Schuylkill. 


Heiser Johannes, b. in Mennonite ground. 
Renn Bernhard. 

The Trappe Records. 



January 16, Gansert, yiirg, in New Hanover. 

February 9, Held, Dietherich, age 48 years. 

May 27, Dissman, s. Daniel. 

June 3, Dissman, Daniel (himself). 


January 27, Gehringer, Anna Margretha, nee Meytzinger w. 


January 30, Haass. Johan Heinrich. 

February 8, Dober, Regina, vv. Thomas, age 82 years 

November — , Vander Sluis, Anthon. 

December 5, Dismann, widow Daniel. 

December 8, Siihler, Peter. 


February i, Dober, Thomas. 

October 30, Miiller, Anna Maria w. Jacob. 

November, Custer, dr. Nicolaus, age 9 days. 

December 22, Haas, w. Hieronymus. 


January 3, Bauerin, Magdalena, single, age 45 years. 

January 5, Setzler, wife Philip. 

Januarys, Reif, mother ot Jacob, an old widow, age 90 

years, 8 months, b. in Mennonite ground. 

January 23, Protzmann, Johannes, s. Adam, age 3 months. 

March 26, Koch, wife Jacob. 

April I, How, Thomas, our neighbour, age 72 years less 14 


August 17, Amborn Christopher, a former member of the Congre- 


October 17, Marstellar, Friedrich Ludewig, who died in the night 

14-15 October. Pastor Brunholtz had the German 
Sermon and I. Muhlenberg preached in English. 

November 27, Kressen, w. Jacob, (Reformed) at Schippach. 

August 7, Heiser Valentine, b. in Mennonite ground at Schippach. 


January 4, Spring, Andreas, age 34 years — months. 

February 9, Muhlan, Johan Peter, age 63 years. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Octobe, 12, Haas, Conrad, age 71 years, b. beyond the Schuylkill. 

October 27, Riihl, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Michael, age 17 years. 

November 9, Croesman, Catharina vv. Hans Jiirg, age 56 years, d, 

November 7. 
November 16, Klem, [ohan Conrad, age 76 years, a native of Ottlingen, 

February 14, Bussmann, Heinrich, a native of Hanover. 
April 13, Heinrich, Johan, age 50 years, (Reformed). 

April 25, Sily, Sarah, dr. Samuel, age 13 months. 

May 16, Weichard, Jiirg, over 70 years old. 

September i, Rinselsdorfer, Johannes, b. New Hanover. 
October 25, Hornerin, widow Catherina, who died with apoplexy. 

October 26, Sauer, dr. Friedrich, age i>^ years. 

October 30, Roth, John Ludewig, age 53 years. 

November 4, Leber, ch. Erasmus, age i year, 6 months. 

November 26, Miiller, Johan Jacob, from Heuchelheim, b. January 

10, 1706, d. November 24, 1755. 
December 10, Peters, Peter jun. who fled from Virginia to escape the 

December 23, Comens, wife John, formerly widow of John 

Simons, b. on Manor Land in Providence. 


March 18, Reichard, Maria, widow Johan Friedrich, age 71 years, 

who proved herself a true widow, b. in New Han- 

April 12, Bolton, Henry, an English churchman, b. in James 

Brooks' grave-yard. 

June I, Bradfort, Hugh, brother-in-law to John Schrack b. in 

Augustus ground. 

June 22, Heilman dr. Heinrich, age 4 months, b. in Men- 

nonite ground. 

August 24, Neuhaus, Anthon, age 96 years, b. in Augustus ground 

October 21, Schrack, Euphrosina, widow Johan Jacob, age 68 years, 

6 months, born in Ulm, married 31 years, and a 
widow 14 years. 

December 10, Bukel, Christoph, father of Ludewig, b. Massebach, 
November 27, 1682. Married 1715, came to Penn- 
sylvania 1732 with 5 children, who were baptized 
there by Pastor Koenig. 

The Trappe Recoj'ds. 


November 24, Petz, Agatha, widow, b. at New Hanover. By the 

schoolmaster, a pious soul 
December 13. Seidel, Maria Barbara, dr. Johan Nicolai, age 3 years, 

3 weeks. 
December 14, Hollebach, widow Maria Catharina, age 72 years, i 

month, from Wiirtemberg, was 20 years a widow 

and 39 years in Penna. 

December 22, Schaller, only dr. Jiirg, age i year, 6 months. 

December 23, de Haven, Mary, dr. Abraham, age 3 years. 


January 10, Fleischer, Eleonora, dr. Johannis, schoolmaster of the 

congregation, age 5 years. 

February 8, Siihler, Peter, age 78 years, from Barsillai. 

January 26, Biihl, w. Peter. 

February 14, Jochum, John, age 41 years, b. Molotton. 

February 28, Henrichs, dr. late Johan, step-dr. Johann Nicol 

Schneider, age ig months, 9 days. 

April 4, Hulen, Marcus, a Swede, age 70 years, at Molotton, 

was converted at Jochum 's funeral, vide supra. 

April 5, Straub, deserted wife ot Heinrich, age between 50 

and 60 years, b at New Hanover, she made her 
home with Michael Weichel and received the sacra- 
ment half an hour before her death. 

July 2, Randel, Joseph, thrown out of a wagon and killed. 

July 7, Brunnholtz, d. in Philadelphia, July 5, 4 a. m. b. July 7. 

July 15, Disman, Daniel (single). 

July 31, Becker, youngest son Jost, b. in Disman's grave- 


September 30, Klein, Anna Helena widow Christian, b. New German- 
town in Jersey. 

November 3, Staut, Christina nee Gerber, w. Friedrich, b. at 


March 20, Neuhauss, Catharina, age 22 years, b. in Providence. 
Barth, wife Michael. 

January 23, Schunck, Magdalena, wife Simon, age 36 years. 
January 23, Schunck, s. Simon, age 3 hours. 


The Pefinsylvania-German Society. 

January — 

February 8, 
March 15, 
July 16, 

August 21, 
October 11, 
October 11, 
August — 

Reifschneider. Dorothea, widow John, b. New Han- 

Hartlein, Eva Catharina, dr. Michael, age 21 years. 

Niihrmann, Elisabeth, an old spinster from Hanover. 

Heilman, Anthon, church warden of this Congregation, 
age 88 years. 

Schmidt, Elisabeth, w. Wilhelm, age 66 years. 

Bastian, s. Jurg Michel, age 8 weeks. 

Pannebecker, wife Adolph. 

Essig, Michael, b Providence By pastor Schaum. 


January 31, Essig, w. Jiirg, sen., age 70 years, b. a Roman Catho- 

lic, received in the Evangelic church, 2 years ago, 
a pious soul. 

January 31, Rayer, Jiirg Adam, s. Carl, b. April 16, 1745. Killed 

January 29 by falling under a loaded wagon on a 
trip to Philadelphia 

March 2, Campbel, Mr. John, b. New Hanover. 

February 24, Protzmann, Elisabeth, dr. Adam. 

February 19, Protzmann, William, s. Adam. 

January 20, Diems, s. Andreas, age 21 years. 

March 22, Jost, Conrad. Remarbable in life, blessed in death.'' 

July 15, Weiser, Conrad, my father-in-law, b. Heidelberg. By 

Pastor Kurtz. 

November 12, Schweinhard, George Michael, Church Warden at New 
Hanover. Born Jungholtzhausen, district Hohen- 
lohe. 28 years in Penn. and a true Member of the 
Congregation, d. November 10, p.m., age 64 years. 

November 24, Mey, mother Jiirg, age 79 years, 5 months, b. 


November 25, Miihlenberg, Johan Carl, s. Rev. Heinrich Melchoir 
and Anna Maria, age 5^ days. 

December 22, Hoppin, Anna Elisabeth nee Sprogel, age 75 years. 

December 31, Dreher, Helena Maria, w. Jurg dr. Johannis Schimmel, 
age 20 years, b. New Hanover. 


January 23, Schrack, Nicolaus, s. Jacob, age 3 years, 3 months. 

February 14, Franckenberger, Conrad, age 46 years. 
September 18, Steinhauer, William, age 70 years. 

The Trappe Records. 


September 18, Van der Sluis widow, age 61 years, 3 months. 

October 25, Schadlerin, Anna Margretha (widow) age 63 years, b. 
New Hanover. 


June 27, 

Teussen, Catharina, dr. Matthias, age i year, 8 months. 

b. Mennonite ground at Schippach. By Mr. 

B. [uskerk] 
July 21, Haasenmeyer wife Hartman, d. from a deadly 

September 11, Marstellar, Henrich, s. Henrich, age i year, 5 months, 

I week. Accidentally scalded. 
September 28, Koplin, dr. Esq., b. Nov. 16, 1742, b. Augustus 

October 5, 

Moserin, — 

widow, b. Eckersweiler in Rothen- 

burgischen, 1685, a pious and true widow, b. New 
Hanover. By Mr. Buskerck. 
December 31, Dures, w. Andreas. 


January 6, Becker, Peter, s. Georg. 

April ir, Westlis, Maria Elisabeth, w. Solomon, b. Molotton. 


January 21, Lober, Barbara, dr. Erasmus and Catharina. 

February 22, Lober, Catharina, dr. Philip and Anna Margretha, age 

6 years, 2 weeks. 
March 22, Marstaller, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Barbara, age 2 

years, 5 months, i week, 3 days. 
May 29, Setzler, Elisabeth, dr. Friedrich and Elisabeth, age 5 

years, 11 months, 3 days. 
September 23, Schrack, Maria, w. Philip, age 51 years. 

January 21, Guth, Adam, s. George and Margretha, age i year, 5 

months, 6 days. 
February 11, Bayer, Valentine, s. Conrad and Elisabeth, age 12 days, 

b. on family ground. 
February 17, Hessler, Jacob, s. Friedrich and Catharina, age 6 

months, 2 weeks, 4 days. 


The Pemisylvama-German Society. 

February i8, Aschenfeldern, Maria Catharina, 23 years, 10 months. 
February 20, Gerber, Joseph, s. Benedict and Dorothea, age 11 

months, 3 weeks, 3 days. 
February 24, Bender, Samuel, s. Ludewig and Eva, age i year, i 

month, I week, 3 days. 
March 20, Kebner, Catharina, dr. John and Maria Magdalena, age 

2 years, 9 months, 3 weeks. 
March 30, Adam, s. John and Maria Magdalena, age i year, i 

month, 3 weeks, i day. 
April I, Roos, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Catharina, age i 

year, 8 months, 3 weeks, 3 days. 
August 10, Mercklin, Isaac, age 26 years, 9 months, 2 weeks, 4 



November 20, Haas, Elisabeth, dr. Heinrich and Elisabeth, age 3 
years, 6 months, i week, 5 days. 


December 27, Reyer, Anna Maria, dr. Johannes and Catharina, age 2 
years, 2 months, 4 days. 


March 7, Schrack, Susanna, dr. Johannes and Gertraut, age i 

year, S months, 7 days. 


May 26, Jung, Wendel. age 72 years. 

June 8, Haas, Hartmann, s. Hartman and Maria Barbara, age 

1 1 years, 4 months, 2 weeks, 2 days. 
November 9, Marstellar, Anna Maria, w. Peter, age 70 years, 2 


The Trappe Records. 531 

Tlie undersigned members and friends of tlie 
Evangelical Congregation at New Providence promise 
to Contribute yearly towards tbe Salary or Stipend 
of our Reverend pastor Miiblenberg, as follows : 

Witness our own band and Signature, November 
27, 1760. 

/. s. d. 

Scherer, Valentin 15 

Risser, Friedrich 15 

Hardenstein, Ludewic , 15 

Muller, Peter 10 

Miiller, Andreas 10 

Bockener, Tobias 5 

Helm, Jacob 4 

Kesler, Johannes 5 

Bohlich, Johan Georg 5 

Setzler, Freidrich 15 

Hodtebach, Jacob 7 6 

Hodtebach, Peter 5 

Hoffmann, Jacob 6 

Sauer, Friedrich 10 

Leber, Erasmus 6 

Rayer, Carl i o o 

Haas, Hartmann 7 6 

Jorg, Cresman 15 

Pleckle, Martin 7 6 

Fengel. Simon 7 6 

Jung, Wendel 5 

Beiger, Philip 5 

Schrack, John , i 10 00 

Schrack, Jacob 15 

Schrack, Christian 12 

Obelman, Henrich 7 6 

Cresman, Johan Georg 12 

Bredo, Martin (removed) 6 

Martini, Friedrich i 2 6 

Rawn, Caspar 7 6 

Steinauer, Wilhelm (deceased) 3 

Voss, Johann Henrich 4 

Preisser Johannes 7 6 

532 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Miiller, Johan Nicolaus 

Giith, Jacob 

Scherer, Conrad 

Guth, George 

Bodaschwa, Wendel 

Bauer, Adam 

Essig, George 

Custer, Christian 

Barth, Michael 

Petermann, Jacob 

Essig, George (the old) ... 

Herman, Michael 

Mohr, Wilhelm 

Lutz, Johannes 

Eiler, Wilhelm 

Dick. Philip 

Schneider, Nicolaus 

Custer, Nicolaus 

Berger, Jost 

Beyer, Johannes 

Geisler, Jacob 

Sehler, Valentin 

Gerber, Benedict 

Joachim Jacob 

Heiser, Andreas i 

Petri, Andreas 

Knap, Jacob 

Bastian, Michael 

Bastian, Jiirg Michael 

Schwenk, George 

Pawling, Joseph i 

Diirr, Andreas 

Thim, Thomas . . - . . . . 

Fuchs, Matthias 

Weicker, George 

Marsteller, Heinrich i 

Croesman, Friedrich (Matetcha) 

Kepner, John • 

Seidel, Johan Nicolaus 

Heilman, Johannis (North Wales) .... 

Heilman, Henrich (Schippach) 

Merckle, Jacob 

Merckle, Abraham 












The Trappe Records. 533 

Merckle, Philip lo 

Protzman, Adam 5 

Conrad, Jacob (beyond the Schuylkill) 10 

Kruler, Daniel (at Hopson's) 5 

Berger, Friedrich 5 

Steg, Friedrich (on Abraham Sahler's place) 5 

Herpel, Jeremias (lives with Joh. Nicol. Seidel) 5 

534 T^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 






Si. Michaelis and Zion Records. 535 


^JHr MONG the early church records of Pennsylvania, none, 
f^/^with the possible exception of Christ church, are more in- 
^"^ teresting, or of greater value to the historical student and 
genealogist, than those of the German Lutheran congregation 
of the city of Philadelphia, as they afford us an insight into the 
history, trials, and struggles of the great part of the Germans 
who settled or sojourned in or near the capitol of the Province. 

Many names are here recorded which are not to be found 
elsewhere, except possibly among the lists of arrivals, published 
by the State, and which in many cases are vague and unsatis- 
factory. Here we find in many instances the record and condi- 
tion of the emigrant, whose descendants in some cases occupy 
positions of high honor in the community. 

A careful analysis of these entries will show us, amongst 
these early pioneers, the names of many who, though doubtless 
in comparatively humble circumstances, were yet of sterling 
worth, and of many others who might have boasted an honor- 
able family descent had they seen fit to do so, but whatever 
their rank, station or means, all came with one purpose, not on 
commercial speculation, but with the avowed intention of 
founding in the western world a home for themselves and pos- 

How well they did this, and the proud position occupied at 
the present day by many of their descendants, is a matter of 
history, acknowledged by all writers except such as are hope- 
lessly blinded by sectional predjudice or ignorance, or perhaps 

The present record, brought to your notice, commencing 
with the year 1745, in the careful systematic hand of Pastor 
Muhlenberg, is unfortunately not the oldest record of the Phila- 
delphia congregation. There are still two other books relating 
to the German Evangelical Lutheran congregation in Philadel- 
phia, which date back to 1733. One of these commenced by 


The Pennsylvania-German Society^ 

Pastor J. C. Stoever, is a list of communicants from 1733-1741, 
giving also the receipts and expenditures of the congre- 
gation, and it is now in possession of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania. The other one, a record giving a list o^ 
baptisms prior to 1742, was still in possession of the congre- 
gation at the time of its centennial celebration in 1843. This 
fact is substantiated by a memorandum by the father of the 
present writer, who was then in the corporation or vestry. 
This book cannot now be found, and does not appear to be in 

Pulpit of Old St. Michaelis Church in Philadelphia. Built 1743- 
Demolished 1870. 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 537 

possession of the Zion congregation. However, it is hoped 
that it may yet be brought to light. 

The Philadelphia congregation, after its re-organization by 
Pastor Muhlenberg in 1743, was known as the German Ev. 
Luth. St. Michaelis congregation, until the building of the large 
church at the corner of Fourth and Cherry streets, in 1766, 
when the corporate title became The German Lutheran Con- 
gregation in and near the City of Philadelphia in the Provi?ice 
of Pen7isylvania. 

The parent (St. Michaelis) church stood at the North-East 
corner of Fifth Street and Apple Tree Alley, a small thorough- 
fare north of Arch street, a location at that time well out of town. 
The lot extended northwards to Cherry (Alley) Street, and was 
used for burial purposes. This was known as Der St. Michaelis 
Kirchhof, where such members were buried as could afford to 
pay for their grave ; the poorer ones lound a resting place in 
den Allgemeinen Kirchhof as it is called in the old records (Pot- 
ter's Field). The site of this "General Burying Ground" of 
days gone by is now the beautiful Washington Square, in the 
very heart of Philadelphia, a spot still covered by soft green 
sward, while the three consecrated God's Acres^ of the congre- 
gation, as well as the sites of the two historic churches, have 
been obliterated, and the ground covered by commercial estab- 

In comparing the various entries, one is struck with the 
great mortality among the young children of the Germans in 
the early days of our Province. As an illustration, during the 
year 1769, 340 children were baptised. The same record shows 
211 burials, the majority of which were children under one year 
old. This infant mortality was not the least of the trials endured 
by the early pioneers.^ 

As a curious custom of the times, the writer will mention 
that the pastors who died during their incumbency were buried 
within the church, in front of the altar, while such of their 
children or family who died were buried within the vestibules. 

The records here presented have been carefully copied,. 

538 The Pe7insylvania-Germaii Society. 

collated and arranged, and when complete will prove a valuable 
addition to the history of our Commonwealth. 

Julius F. Sachse. 

^ The grave-yard beside the church served the congregation until 1759, 
about seven hundred human bodies having been buried within that 
small space. In the latter year another piece of land was bought upon 
the opposite side of Cherry street. This is now covered by Horst- 
mann's factory. In this small piece of ground, over twenty-five hun- 
dred human bodies were interred within the next sixteen years. The 
third or large grave-yard, between Race and Vine and Eighth and 
Franklin streets, was purchased in 1776, and served the congregation 
until about the year 1S66, when the ground was sold and used for com- 
mercial purposes. The present Zion church is built upon a part ot this 

^ The same condition is shown by the Moravian records. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 539 

Memorand : [upon the Fly-leaf] 

Ledoribus benolis onnihmi 07'dinicnt hoyioratissijiiis pi. S. 
Auf geziemend Ersuchen habe hiemit alien und Jeden, wes 
standes, vviirden und Ehren Kund thun sollen, was massen der 
weiland Wolfgang Unger aus Flinspach in der Chur-Pfaltz iiber 
Heidelberg gebiirtig, allhier zu Philadelphia in Nord America 
in Monath Mertz, 1739, niit der Anna Maria Zimmermannin aus 
Nussloch bey Heidelberg gebiirtig, rechtmassig von Rev'd Mr. 
Moselbach zum hellijen Ehestande eingesegnet worden. 

In welcher rechtmassiger Ehe sie mit einander erzeugt 

(i) Ein Sohn Georg genant der geboren war den 17 Januar 
1740, und am 21 einsdem Mensis getauft, wobey als 
Tauf zeujen gestanden der weiland Georg Spengler und 
seine noch lebende witwe fr. Catharina Spenglerin. 

(2) Eine Tochter Anna Catharina, geboren den 17 July, 1743, 
getauft den 25 July einsdem Mensis, wobey Taufzenjen 
gewesen die noch jetzb lebende Herr Joh. Heinrich 
Keppele und dessen Ehe-genossin frau Anna Catharina. 

(3) Eine Tochter Anna Barbara genant, geboren d 7 Januar, 
1749, getauft den 11 einsdem mens: wobey die Pathen 
Stelle vortreten Mstr Georg Laudeberger und Mr. David 
Sickel seine Ehefrau Maria Ursula. 

dass obbemeldeter Wolfgang Unger am 17 August, 1748, hier 
in Philadelphia gestorben, und am 18 euisdem auf unserm St. 
Michaelis Kirchhof begraben, und seine hinter bliebene noch 
lebende witwe, Anna Maria, die obbenante 3 Kinder bey der 
Protestantisch-Evangelische Religon erzogen. 

Der sohn George Unger am 6 December, 1759, mit des 
William Bussons freyledige Tochter ehelich getraut. — Er aber 
Georg Unger am 17 May, 1772, selig verstorben und am tage 
hernach nemlich, d. 18 Mey auf unserm St. Michaelis Kirchhof 
begraben, und eine arme witwe mit noch 4 lebenden unmiindigen 
Kindern neml : 2 sohnen und 2 Tochtern hinter lassen. 

540 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Die abbemeldete Tochter Anna Catharina Ungerin am i6' 
October, 1760, mit dem Christian Spengler alhier zum Ehe- 
stande eingesegnet worden, und in rechtmassiger Ehe 4 Kinder 
neml. 2 Sohne u 2 Tochter erzeugt, welche nebst ihren Eltern 
noch bey leben sind. 

Und die Tochter Anna Barbara Ungerin, am 5 June, 1766, 
alhier mit James Cuben ordenUcher weise getraut, in rechtmas- 
siger Ehe, einem Sohn und eine Tochter erzeuget und noch' 
allerseits am Leben sind. 

Welches obige samt und sonders mit mehrern in unseren 
Kirchen Registern und Protocolls unseren Deutsch Evange- 
lische, von hochster Obrigkeit privilegirten St. Michaelis und 
Zion's Kirche und gemeine in Philadelphia zu sehen, und von 
mir fideliter extrahirt ist. 

Memorand: Anna Catharina, des Wolfgang Unger und 
seiner frau Maria, Tochter, war geboren d. 17 July, 1743, und 
Von Heinrich Muhlenberg in der Schwedischen Kirche auf 
Wicicao getauft. Taufzengen Herr Heinrich Keppele w. s. fr. 
Anna Catharina. 

Si. Michaelis and Zion Records. 541 








VON DEM JAHRE, 1745, BIS 1762. 


The Pennsylvania-Germa7i Society. 

Christoph Gottlieb and 


Kreutzein, Johann Caspar, s 
b. Jan. 6, 1745 ; bap. Feb. 10 ; 

sp. Johann Caspar Geiger (Pastor Peter Brunnholtz, proxy) 
Anna Margretha Geiger in Philadelphia. 
Kohler, Elisabeth, dr. Jonas and Anna Eva ; 

b. Sept. 26. 1738. 
Kohler, Maria Magdalena; 

b. Feb. 2, 1741. 

Bamberger, Arnold, s. Rudolph and Catharina ; 
b. Nov. 1744 ; bap March 1745 ; 

sp. grandparents Arnold and Elisabeth Bamberger. 

Campach, Johan Jacob, s. Johannes (Reformed) and Anna Cath- 

erina (Lutheran) 
b. Feb. 14 ; bap. Feb. 25 ; 

sp. Jacob Raus and wife Maria (both Reformed) 
Schneider, Johann Andreas, s. Friedrich and Catharina Margretha 
b. Feb. 27 ; bap. IMarch 4 ; 

sp. johan Gerhard Schneider (Ref. ) Andreas Biehler(Luth.) 
Elisabeth Maria Schneider, Elisabeth .Schneider (Ref. ) 
Pfeister, — • Joh. Jacob, s. Joh. Adam and Anna Maria (Lutherans) 

b. March 5 ; bap. 

sp. Johan Jacob Karst and w. Anna Marcreta, (Ref.) Joh. 
Michel Kuhl, (Ref.) 
Mohr, Maria Elisabetha, dr. Peter (Ref. ) and w. Anna Marcreta, 

(Luth. ) 
sp. Maria Elisab. Koch, Frantz Schenk, Scharlotta Klein. 
Heppel, Salome, dr. Johann Jurg. and Maria Catharina ; 
b. March 7 ; bap. March 17 ; 

sp. Jacob Von der Weid and wife Salome, both from Ger- 
Banner, Anna Barbara, dr. Joh. Georg and w. Elisabeth, (Luth.) 
b. Feb. 3 ; bap. March 31 ; 

sp. Anna Barbara Schiifer and Joh. Georg Schiifer. 
Keppele, Jiirg Hinrich, s. Johann Heinrich and w. Maria Catharina ; 
b March 27 ; bap. April 11, 1745 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Hiittner (Luth.) and w. Maria Barbara, (Ref.) 
Karst, Johan Adam, s. Wilhelm and Anna Maria ; 

b. May 10 ; bap. May 13 ; 
, sp. Johan Stegele, Adam Krebs, Eva Catharina Negellin, 

Anna Maria Krebs. 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Felde, Valentin, s. Nicolaus and Elisabeth; 

b. April 14 ; bap. May 2 ; 

sp. parents. 
Illegitimate, Stephanus, s. Richard Schmidt and Elisabeth 

bap. May 2, age 9 months ; 

sp. Stephan Gutman and wife. 
Gutman, Johan Georg, s. Stephan and Margretha ; 

b. April II ; bap. May 2 ; 

sp. Mathias Voltz, (Ref.) and w. Anna Maria, (Luth.) 
Voltz, Maria Catharina, dr. Mathias (Ref.j and Anna Maria ; 

b. May 10 ; bap. May 2 ; 

sp. parents. 
Gutman, Joh. Michael, s. Phillip and Eva Maria ; 

b. April 5 ; b. May 2 ; 

sp. Johan Michael Mathiesen and w. Margaretha. 
Schwindt, Hanna Maria Magdalena, dr. Johannes and w Elisabeth, 
(Ref.) Philadelphia ; 

bap. Dom. Jubilate, aged 2 months ; 

sp. H. M. Muhlenberg (Pastor Luth.) and Maria Muhlenberg. 
Sommer, Fronia, dr. Joh. Henrich and Fronica : 

b March 8, bap. May 25; (Philadelphia) 

sp. Joh. Schmid and w. 
Pilger, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Daniel ; 

b. April 28, bap. May 19 ; 

sp. David Karcher and w., Gottfried Braun and w. Maria 
Schonichs, — Anna Maria, dr. Conrad and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 9, bap. May 26 ; 

sp. Johannes Schneider and w. 
Loshets, Maria Eva, dr. John ; 

bap. June 2 ; 

sp. Peter Miller and vv. Maria Eva. 
Ritter, Catharina, dr. Joh. Georg and Marcreta ; 

b. May 7, bap. June 10, 1745 ; 

sp. Henrich Keppele and w. 
Handwercker, Anna Dorothea, dr. Peter (Ret.) and Anna Christina 

b. May 17, bap. June 17. 

sp. Joh. Oswald and w. 
Bruh, Jurg Peter, s. Thomas and Maria Dorothea ; 

b. June 14, bap. June 24 ; 

sp. Peter Wiiger ( Ref. ) and w. Margretha Jiirg David 
Seckel (Luth.) 


The Penitsylvania-German Society. 

Weber, Thomas, s. Adam and Magdalena (Ref.) ; 

b. June 28, bap. July 7. 

sp. Thomas Durmer and w. Catharina (Ref.) 
Remmy, Anna Eva, dr. Jacob and Anna Barbara (both Ref. ) 

b. July 8, bap. July 14 ; 

sp. Johannes Kohler and w. Anna Eva. 
Tens, Johan Jacob, s. Jacob (dec.) 

b. July i> bap. July 19 ; 

sp. Jacob Euser (Luth.) 
Illegitimate, Eva Catharina, dr. of a sailor and Ursula, a Swiss strumpet; 

b. July 15 ; bap. July 23 ; 

sp Joh. Nagele and w. 
Durr, Johan Michael, s. Michael Maria Margretha ; 

b. July 18 ; bap. July 26 ; 

sp. parents. 
Schneider, Joh. Mathias, s. Carl and Anna Margretha ; 

b. July 21 ; bap. July 28 ; 

sp Mathias Biehler and w.; (Ref.) 
Fehl, Eva, dr. Philip and Catharina ; 

b. July 10 ; bap. July 28 ; 

sp. Caspar^lrich (Ref.) w. Eva (Luth.) 
Koch, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Peter and Anna Catharina ; 

b. August 2 ; bap. Aug. 11 ; 

sp. Johan Wolf, Sahra Elisab. Mahn, Maria Elisab. Koch. 
(All three Ref) 
Stillwagen, Johannes Bernhard, s. Hans Quart and Maria Ursula, (both 

b August 8 ; bap. Aug. 14 ; 

sp. Bernhard Laufersweiler, Amelia Catharina Kuh, (Ref) 
Elisabeth Kargin, (Luth.) 
Kruber, Jacob, s. Daniel (Luth.) and Anna Mar. (Ref ) 

b. August 25 ; bap. Sept. i ; 

sp. Elisabeth Sudin and Jacob Becker (Ref) 
Dull, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Philip and Catharina ; 

b. Sept. 8 ; bap. Sept. 10; 

sp. David Seckel and w. Maria Elisabetta. 
Miiller, Johan Georg, s. 

Miiller, Elisabeth Magdalena, dr. Daniel (Ref) and Sophia, (Luth.) 

bap. September 15 ; 

sp. Georg Miiller, (Ref) Elisabeth Gaistner, Johan Stegele 
and w. Catharina. 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Lehrer, Johan Jusua, s. Mathias and Catharina Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Sept. 15 ; 

sp. Josua Diirr and w. Elisabeth. Johannes Ahlgeyer and 
w Margretha Catharina. 
Neuman, Anna Elisabeth Catharina, dr Andreas and Anna Catharina, 
from over the river ; 

b. October 7, 1744, bap. Sept. 22, 1745 ; 

sp. Johannes Printz and w. Anna Elisab. 
Konig, Johan Jacob, s Nicolaus and Anna Elisabeth (Ref.) 

b. Sept. 3, bap. dom 15, p. Trin ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Frohlig and Susanna. 
Bast, Catharina, dr. Lorentz and Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 12, bap October 18 ; 

sp. Jiirg David Sekel and w. Catharina. 
Schmidt, Elisabeth Barbara, dr. Conrad and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. October 19. bap. October 27 ; 

sp. Jacob Flek (Ref.) Anna Elisab Kiirgin, Anna Barbara 
Krebs, Joseph, s. Simon and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 19, bap. October 27 ; 

sp. Heinrich Miiller and vv. both (Ref.) 
Negel, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Johannes and Eva Catharina ; 

b. October 24, bap. Oct. 27 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Kanst, Anna Maria Kanst, Josua Diirr and w, 
Karch, Peter, s. Peter and Anna Barbara ; 

b. October 19, bap. Nov. 3 ; 

sp. Jacob Becker and w. Susanna. 
Klein, Joh. Philips, s. Matthias and Anna Marcreta ; 

b. September sr, bap. November 3 ; 

sp. Joh. Philips Weinemer (Ref. ) and w. Anna Barbara. 
Finkes, Clara Ludewig, s. Joh. Gerhard ( Ref. ) and w. Maria Mag. 

dalena (Luth.) 

b. October 29, bap. Nov. 3 ; 

sp Carl Ludewig Essig, Joh. Jacob Hausmann. 
Bacous, Maria Dorothea, dr. William and Maria Barbara ; 

b. November 6, bap. November 9 ; 

sp. William Gerhard ( Ref ) Anna Maria Sattler w. Alex- 
ander Maria Dorothea Bichlerin. 
Knodler, Conrad, s. Hans Jiirg and Anna Catharina ; 

b. Oct. 25, bap. Nov. 11 ; 

sp. Heinrich Bekelsin Josua Diirr and w. 

546 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Graf, Anna Eva, dr. Johan Georg and Anna Maria Catharna ; 

b. Nov. 12, bap. Nov. 14 ; 

sp. Jonas Kohler and w. 
Seckel, Johan Heinrich, s. David and wife ; 

b. Nov. 16, bap. December i ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Keppele and w., Philipp Dull and w. 
Eppele, Johannes Andreas, s. Hans Jurg and Maria Juliana ; 

b. Nov. 30, bap. December 2. 

sp. Rev. Johann Helfrich Schaum. local Catechet Johannes 
Ahlgeyel" and w. 
Melchior, Anna Maria Magdalena, dr. Leonhard and Anna Maria ; 

b. October 29, bap. Dec. 3. 

sp. Jacob Beyer, Anna Margretha Beyer, Maria Magdalena 
Beyer (all Ref) 
Bodt, Maria, dr. Heinrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. December 4, l^ap. Dec. 8 ; 

sp. Leonhard Herrman, Regina Hermannin. 
Krebs, Maria Barbara, dr. Adam and Anna Maria ; 

b. Dec. 12, bap. Dec. 15 ; 

sp. William Karst and Anna Maria Barbara Krebsin. 
Frantz, Jurg Hinrich, s. Jacob and Maria ; 

b. Nov. 13, bap. Nov. 16 ; 

sp- Jurg Graff, from Lancaster, Henrich Keppele, Catharina 
Bruder, Johan Jonathan, s. Johan Melchior and Anna Gertraut ; 

b. Dec. 28, 1745, bap. Jan. i, 1746. 


Errhard, Anna Marcreta, dr. Johannis and Maria Louisa ; 

b. Jan. 13, bap. Jan. 18 ; 

sp. Carl Schneider and w. Anna Marcreta. 
Miiller, Anna Marcreta, dr. Henrich and Anna Marcreta ; 

b. Jan. 16, bap. Jan. 25 ; 

sp. Peter Wiigele and w. Anna Marcreta ; 
Schmidt, Johanna Judith, dr. Peter and Anna Marg ; 

b. Sept 28, 1745 (?) bap. Sept. 30; [1745?] 

sp. Herman Bast and w. Johanna Judith. 
Schmidt, Regina Elisabeth ; 

b. and bap. in March, 1748 ; 

sp. Parents. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Schleyhaus, Johann Gottfried, s. Jurg Philipp and Anna Elisabetha ; 

b. Dec. 30, 1745, bap. Jan. 12, 1746 ; 

sp. Gottfried Wilcke. Christina Nanamacherin, Johannes 
Gebhard and Anna Maria. 
Kohler, Henrich, s. Jonas and Anna Eva ; 

b. Dec. 18, 1745, bap. Jan. 15, 1746 ; 

sp. Henry Schleydorn, Mad. Schleydornin. 
Franck, Anna Regina Margretha, dr. Johannis and Maria ; 

b. Jan. 16, bap. Jan. 24 ; 

sp. Christian Kohler and w. Regina. 
Thiirman, Maria Magdalena, dr. Thomas and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 7, bap. Feb. 2 ; 

sp. Adam Weber and w, Maria Magdalena. , 

Wolff, Johannes, s. Johannes and Annester ; 

b. Feb. 4, bap. Feb. 10 ; 

sp. Johannes Kaufmann and w. Sara Elisabeth Manin. 
Mildberger. Maria Barbara, dr. Hans Georg (Luth.) and Anna Marcreta 

b. Jan. 13, bap. Feb. 10 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Hartman, Maria Barbara Wiber, David 
Kercher, Ludewig Seibel. 
Koch, Anna Barbara, dr. Jacob and Maria Elisabeth (Ref ) 

b. Jan. 21, bap. Feb. 13 ; 

sp. Hans Walter (Ref) and Anna Barbara (Ref) Anna 
Catharina Koch (Luth.) 
Seibel, Anna Catharina, dr. Johan Ludewig and Eva Maria ; 

b. March i ; bap. March 2 ; 

sp. Jurg Strohauer and w. 
Essig, Johannes, s. Carl Ludewig and Anna Elisabetha ; 

b. March 8 ; bap. March 16 ; 

sp. Johannes Eberhard, (single) Maria Dorothea Bickerin. 
Geiger, Anna Meyer, dr. Paul and wife ; 

b. bap. March 23 ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Keppele and Catharina. 
Unger, Johan Hinrich, s. Johan Wolfgang and Anna Maria ; 

b. April 13 ; bap. April 18 ; 

sp. Johann Heinrich Keppele and Catharina. 
Wambold, Johann Caspar, s. Georg and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Dec. 6, J745 ; bap. April 20, 1746 ; 

sp. Johan Caspar Graf and w. Anna Catharina Elisabetha. 
Fischler, Johan Felix, s. Joh. Jacob and Sophina ; 

b. May 5, 1745 ; bap. April 21, 1746 ; 

sp. Joh. Felix Fischler and w. 

548 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Hahn, — — (?) Michael and Maria Catharina ; 

b. May 2 ; bap. May 18 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst and w. Anna Maria, Johannes Negel and 
w., Philipa Maria Kuntz, (sitigle.) 
Jungfr, Maria Catharina, dr. Conrad and Anna Catharina ; 

b. May 24 ; bap. June 8 ; 

sp David Schlosser and w. Maria Catharina. 
Von Erdten, Johannes, s. Christian and Maria Catharina ; 

b. June 6 ; bap. June 17 ; 

sp. Johannes Oswald and w. Dorothea. 
Dexter, Anna Catharina, (illegitimate) Innes Dexter, an English- 

man and Dorothea Meyer ; 

b. May, 1741 ; bap. June 18, 1746 ; 

sp. Johannes Campach, (Ref. ) w. Anna Catharina, (Luth.) 
Diirr, Johan George, s. }osua and Elisabeth ; 

b. June 8, bap. June 22 ; 

sp. Joh. Georg Lober, Joh. Niigele. 
Seckel, Lorentz, s. }urg David and Anna Catharina ; 

b. May 11, bap. June 29 ; 

sp. Lorentz Bast and w. 
Hausmann, Carl Ludewig, s. Jacob (Luth.) and Maria Barbara (Ref.) 

b. July 8, bap. July 13 ; 

sp. Carl Essig and w. 
Leiser, Johannes, s Nicolaus (Ref.) and Anna Catharina (Ret.) 

b. June 14, bap. July 13 ; 

sp. Johannes Oswald, Johannes Bickins (Ref) Maria 
Juwis, Maria Magdalena, dr. Howel and Mary ; 

b. May 16, bap. July 13 ; 

sp. Henrich Jung and w. Maria Magdalena. 
Weinheimer, Elisabeth, dr. Johann Philip and Barbara ; 

b . bap. July 27 ; 

sp. Johan Mathias Clein and w. Anna Margretha. 
Gutman, Margretha, dr. Philip and Eva Maria ; 

b. April 22, bap. July 27 ; 

sp. Johan Michael Mathiesen and Margretha. 
Johnson, Johannes, s. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. August 4, bap. August 10 ; 

sp. Johannes Bernhard Laufersweiler, Anna Elisabeth 
Kiircher, Hans Quart Stillwagen and w. Ursula. 
Dull, Johan Philip, s. Joh. Philip and Catharina ; 

b. August 23, bap. August 31 ; 

sp. David Seckel and w. Maria. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Chushan, Maria Magdalena, dr. Philip Jacob Christian andCatharina; 

b. Aug. 25 ; bap. Aug. 31 ; 

sp. Hans Jacob Graf, Maria Magdalena Fuchs, servants. 
Graf, Johan Jacob, s. Caspar and Anna Catharina ; 

b. August 28 ; bap. Aug. 31 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Graf and w. 
Lange, Nicolaus, s. Thomas and Margretha (inCohakin, (sic) county 

of Salem, N. J.) 

b. April 4 ; bap. Aug. 31 ; 

sp. Nicolas Iflan and w. Catharina. 
Ahlgeyer, Johan George, s. Johannes and Catharina Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 1 1 ; bap. Sept. 14 ; 

sp. Mathias Leber and w. Catharina, Hans Jiirg Appel and 
w Julianna ; 
Unbehend, Jacob, s. Jacob and Anna Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 6 : bap. Sept. 14 ; 

sp. Bastian and Catharina Unbehend, Jacob Fister. 
Durr, Hinrich, s. Michael and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Sept 14 ; bap. Sept. 28 ; 

sp. Hinrich Schuttler, (Ref. ) Anna Barbara Heering. 
Noe, Johan Joseph, s. Johan Peter, [Ref.] from Chester, and 

Susanna ; 

b. July 20 ; bap. Sept. 28 ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Keppele and w. 
Brosius, Margretha, dr. Johan Nicolas and Charlotta ; 

b. Sept. 8 ; bap. Sept. 28 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and \v. Margretha. 
Maria, dr. Henrich and Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 30 ; bap. Oct. 4 ; 

sp. Johan David Seckel and wife Maria. 
Betz, Johan Balthasar, s, Michael and Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 24; bap. Sept. 3 (?) 

sp. Johan Balthasar Pilger, Catharina Wetzler, Jacob Bezel. 
Fister, of Jacob (Ref.) and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept. 18, bap. October 6 ; 

sp. Hans Valentin Unbehend (single) Anna Margretha 
Trongin, Johannes Wolfgang, s. of a young fellow who went Priva- 
teering and Anna Barbara, a strumpet ; 

b. October 9, bap. October 20 ; 

sp. Johan Wolfgang Unngerer (Luth.) and w. Anna Maria 

550 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Weber, Christopher, s. Adam and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept 30, bap. October 26 ; 

sp. Christopher Keller and Jacob Beyer's dr. 
Waker, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Andreas and Magdalena ; 

b. Sept. 13, bap. October 26 ; 

sp. Anna Elisab. Kargerin and th'e father. 
Kuhn, Johannes, s. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. October 31, bap. Nov. 9 ; 

sp. Johannes Frank's wife. 
Oswald, Johannes Wilhelm, s. Johannes and Dorothea ; 

b. Nov. 5, bap. Nov. 23 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and w. Maria Margretha. 
Souder, Herman, s. Johannes and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Nov. 10, bap. Nov, 23 ; 

sp. Herman and Judith Bast. 

Ringel, Catharina Margretha, dr. Andreas and Anna Elisabeth, 


b. Jan. I ; bap. Jan. 4, 1747 ; 

sp. Johannes Ahlgeyer and w. Catharina Margretha. 
Drift, Frantz, Carl, s. Uhlrich and Maria ; 

b. Jan. I ; bap. Jan. 4 ; 

sp. Frantz Carl Huyet and wife Gertraud Margretha 
Keppele, Jurg Christopher, s. Johan Heinrich and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 10; bap. Jan. 12; 

sp Jiirg Christopher Heppele in Heylbrun by Jiirg Lauden- 
berger as proxy. 
Meyer, Dorothea Susanna, dr. Johannes and Maria Agnese ; 

b. Jan. 14 ; bap. Jan. 23 ; 

sp. Susanna Somerhausen, [Ref ] Joseph Meyer, [Luth.) 
Gilbert, Mathias, s. Henrich and Catharina (Catholic) 

b. Jan. 18 ; bap. Feb. i ; 

sp. Mathias Meyer and Maria Magdalena Weber. 
Poot, Johann Hinrich, s. Peter and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 26 ; bap. Feb. i ; 

sp. Johan Hinrich Kuns and Maria Catharina Schiifer. 
Bartel, Anna Magdalena, 

Bartel, Anna Christina, twin drs. Jacob and Anna Catharina ; 

b. Feb. 4 ; bap. Feb. 4 ; 

sp. Jacob Fischler and w. Anna Magdalena and Leonhard 
Beier and w Anna Catharina. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records 


Haas, Johann, Mathias, s. Johan Friedrich and Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 18, 1746 ; bap. Feb. 6, 1747 ; 

The parents were married Feb. 8, 1747 ; 

sp. Joh. Matthias Brunn and Joh. Adam Hiick. 
Remely, Johann Friedericus, s. Conrad and Maria Sophia ; 

b. Feb. 2 ; bap. Feb. 9 ; 

sp. parents. 
Ritter. Johann Jurg, s. Johann Jiirg and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Feb. I, between i and 2 a. m.; bap. Feb. 12 ; 

sp. Johann Heinrich Keppele and w. Catharina. 
Staus, Anna Maria, dr. Balthes and Anna Maria ; 

b. and bap. Feb. 15 ; 

sp. Johan Balthes Bitzer and w. Dorothea Anna Clemere. 
Huyn, Johann Jacob, s. Frantz Carl and Gertraud ; 

b. Feb. 6, bap. Feb 11 ; 

sp. Peter Quatelbaum's w. and Johan Jacob Roth. 
Bast, Catharina, dr. Herman and Judith ; 

b. Sept. 4, 1746, bap. Sept. 12, 1746 ; 

sp. Lorenz Bast and w. Anna Margretha (both Ref.) 
Kraft, Peter, s. Johannes and wile ; 

b. Feb. 23, bap. March 2, 1747 ; 

sp. Peter Foot and w. Anna Maria. 
Jacobi, Elisabeth, dr. }ohann Georg and Barbara ; 

b. Feb. 25, bap. March 4 ; 

sp. Carl Ewald and w. Elisabeth ( Ref. ) 
Arnold, Catharina, dr jurg (servant by Purchase) and Catharina 

b. March 8, bap. March 15 ; 

sp. Nicolas Ifland and Catharina. 
Bube, Christopher, s. Jacob and Barbara ; 

b. March 10, bap. March 19 ; 

sp. Christopher Bube and w. Dorothea, ffom Falkner's 
Graf, Jonas, s. Johanne George and Anna Maria Catharina ; 

b. March 17, bap. March 21 ; 

sp. Jonas Kohler, and w. Anna Eva Kohler. 
Hirt, Sara Margretha, dr. Jurg and w. Anna Barbara ; 

b. April 5, bap. April 12 ; 

sp. Peter Koch, Casper Glockner (Ref.t, Sara Elisabeth 
Mahn, Anna Margretha Unger. 
Bamberg, Eva, dr. Rudolf and Catharina ; 

bap. April 25, age about 6 weeks. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society , 

Pilger, David, s. Daniel and Sibilla ; 

b. May i, bap. May lo ; 

sp, David Karger and w., Godfried Brown and wife. 
Eppele, Maria Margretha, dr. Johann Jurg and Maria Julianna ; 

b. May 3. bap. May 10 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and w. Maria Margretha. 
Altenmoser, Nicolaus, s. Peter and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. April 30, bap. May 20 ; 

sp. Nicholas Riebel (Ref.) and w. (Luth ) 
Muhlberger, Johannes, s. Johannes Uhlrich and Elisabeth (Ref. ) 

b. May 21, bap. May 24 ; 

sp. Johannes Ahlgeyer and w. 
Bruhn, Johan Adam, — s. Mathias and Appolonia ; 

b. June I. bap. June 8 ; 

sp. Johannes Rudolf, Adam Krebs. 
Gasner, Lorentz, s. Johann Martin (Catholic and dead) andjustina 
Elisabeth (widow); 

b. June 2, bap. June 8 ; 

sp. Lorentz Bast and w. (Ref] 
Kraft, Anna Margretha, dr. Jacob and Barbara ; 

b. June 20, bap. June 21 ; 

sp. Peter Schmidt and w. Anna Margretha. 
Miiller, Johan Hinrich, s. Henrich and Anna Margretha ; 

b. July 5, bap. July 18; 

sp. Johan Henrich Keppele and w Catharina ; 
Illegitimate, Dorothea, dr. Elisabetha Sosterntz and an Eyrischer [Irish- 
man] ; 

b. August 6, bap. August 19 ; 

sp. Dorothea Butzin. 
Schneider, Anna Marcreta, dr. Carl and Anna Marcreta ; 

b. August 23, bap. August 30 ; 

sp. Jacob Schiiber and w. Anna Marcreta [Ref] 
— , child, Johan and Anna Maria ; 




b. August 25, bap. August 30 ; 

sp. Johan Heinrich Keppele and w. Catharina. 

Johan David, s. Johan Philip and Catharina ; 

b. Sept. I, bap. Sept. 3 ; 

sp. Johan David Sekel and w. 

Maria Catharina, dr. Adam and Anna Maria ; 

b. Aug. 23 ; bap. Sept. 13 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Carl and w. Anna Maria, Barbara Krebs, 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Diirmer, Maria Magdalena, dr. Thomas and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Aug. 17 ; bap. Sept. 13 ; 

sp. parents, Maria Magdalena Fuchs, (single, serves by 
Michael Hahling ) Maria Philippina Graf and Jacob 
Wilhelm Peter, s. Peter and Mary, (free negroes) 

b. Sept. 6 ; bap. Sept. 13 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst and w., Peter Hey and w. 
Ruht. Maria Eva, dr. Joh. Jurg: and Catharina Appolonia ; 

b. Sept. 26; bap. Oct. 11 ; 

sp. Jacob Walter (Ref ) and w. Maria Catharina, (Luth.) 
Danchauar, Hans Michael, s. Hans Jurg and Catharina ; 

bap. Nov. I, age 7 weeks ; 

sp. Hans Michael Neuheuser and w. Catharina. 
Hochschild, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johan Jiirg and Anna Maria ; 

b. Oct. 7 ; bap. Nov. 15 ; 

sp Hinrich Beckele, Anna Elisabeth Kiirger, 
Guttmann, johann Friedrich, s. Stephan and Anna Marcreta ; 

b. Oct. 23 ; bap. Nov. 19 ; 

sp Friedrich Stellwagen, [Ref] and w. Anna Barbara. 
Stellwagen, Johann Henrich, s. Friedrich and Anna Barbara ; 

b. Aug. 31 ; bap. Nov. 19; 

sp. Anna Barbara Foltzin and Joh. Henrich Kalbfleisch. 
Stutz, Anna Catharina, dr. Conrad and Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 21 ; bap. Nov. 29 : 

sp. Hans Jiirg Graf and w. Catharina, Margretha Pheiferin. 
Horn, Johan Hinrich, s. George and Maria ; 

b. Oct. 31 ; bap. Nov. 29 ; 

sp. Johan Hinrich Beckel and parents. 
Lehrer, Catharina Margretha, dr. Mathias and Catharina, [Ref] 

b. Nov. 5 ; bap. Dec. 13 ; 

sp. Jurg Heppele and w. Margretha. 
Wildeberger, Friedrich Jacob, s. fohan George and Anna Margretha^ 

b. Nov. 17 ; bap. Dec. 13 ; 

sp. Henrich Jung and w. Maria Magdalena and son Fried- 
rich Jacob. 
Unbehend, Johan Jacob, s. Valentin and Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 28 ; bap. Dec. 13 ; 

sp. Jacob Unbehend and w. Margretha, [Ref] Christina 


The Pennsylvama-German Society. 

Anno 1748. 

Ewald, Johan Jurg, s. Carl and Justina Catharina ; 

b. Dec. 27, 1747 ; bap. Jan. 3, 1748 ; 

sp. Jurg Jacobi, [Luth.] Elisabeth Eberhard, [Ref.] 
Graf, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Johan Caspar and Anna Catharina ; 

b. Dec. 31, 1747 ; bap. Jan. 3, 1748; 

sp. Friedrich Geiger and w Maria Elisabeth. 
Bruder, Anna Barb ira, dr. Johan Melchior and Anna Gertraut ; 

b. Dec. 31, 1747 ; bap. Jan. 7, 1748; 

sp. Barbara Knoppelere, Friedrich Ransier. 
Bek, Sibilla Sophia, dr. Johannes and Barbara ; 

b. Jan. 10 ; bap. Jan. 17 ; 

sp. Christopher Lehr and w. Sophia, Sibilla Loescher. 
Keppele, Johan Peter, s. Johan Heinrich and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 2, 1748 ; bap. Jan. 13 ; 

sp. Peter Brunnholtz, H. M. Muhlenberg and w. Maria ; 
[George Hiittner's wife as proxy.] 
Alber, Eva Maria, dr. Joseph and Wallpurgh ; 

b. Jan. 9 ; bap. Jan. 24 ; 

sp. Eva Maria Seibelin and Johannes Fotter. 
Kohler, Anna Eva dr. Jonas and Eva ; 

b. Jan. 23, bap. Feb. i ; 

sp. Gotfried Henke [Luth] and Gertraut Henkin. 
Kannbach, Eva Elisabeth, dr. Johannis Nicolaus [Ref. dec. six months] 
and w. Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 26, 1747, bap. Jan. 31, 1748; 

sp. David Karcher and w Eva. 
Bender, Hans Jiirg, s. Hans Jurg and Elisabeth ; 

b. Jan. 28, bap. Feb. 7 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Ruff and Hans Jiirg Schafer and w. Maria 
Schafer, Justina Elisabeth, dr. Hans Jurg and Maria Agnes ; 

b. Feb. 5. bap. Feb. 15 ; 

sp. Carl Dewald and w. Justina, Hans Jiirg Bender and w. 
Elisabeth ; 
Kuhn, Catharina, dr. Johannes and Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 8, bap. Feb. 21 ; 

sp. Valentin Weinsamer and w. Catharina [both Ref.] 
Jacob, Johan Valentin, s. Jiirg and Barbara ; 

b Feb. 18, bap. Feb 28 ; 

sp. Valentin Leonard and Catharina Debald w. Carl. 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Ries, Johan Valentin, s. Martin and Catharina [Ref.] 

b. Feb. 17, bap. March 6 ; 

sp. Valentin Beyer and w. Anna [both Ref.] 
Koch, Maria Catharina, dr. Johan Jacob and Maria Elisabeth ; 

b. Feb. 26, bap. March 20. 

sp. Jacob Kraft and w. Maria Barbara, Anna Catharina 
Frank and Johan Groebril [single) [all Ref ] 
Baccus, Johan Conrad, s. William and Maria ; 

b. March 14, bap. March 27 ; 

sp. Conrad Gemmel and vv. 
Koch, Anna Catharina, dr. Peter and Anna Catharina ; - 

b. April 2, hap. April 11 ; 

sp. Michael Krier and \v. Anna Catharina. 
Ahlgeyer, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Johann and Catharina Margretha ; 

b. March 25 ; bap. April 11 ; 

sp. Johannes Riebele and \v. Catharina Margretha. 
Jung, Johan Peter, s. Johan Henrich and Maria Magdalena ; 

b. April 18 ; bap. May i ; 

sp. Peter Koch, Johan Georg Mildeberger, Anna Margretha 
Griipel, Maria Dorothea, dr. Andreas and Regina ; 

b. April 20 ; bap. May i ; 

sp. Friedrich Ransier, Dorothea Schaat. 
Bruhn, Michael, s. Thomas and Maria Dorotheay ; 

b. Feb. 22 ; bap. April 24 ; 

sp. Michael Sekel and Maria Cath. Bekerin. 
Klein, Henrich, s. Mathias and Margretha ; 

bap. May 9 ; 

sp. Henrich Weinman, Maria Kuntz, (both single.) 
Beker, Catharina, dr. FriedTich and Christina ; 

b. May 3 ; bap. May 23 ; 

sp. parents. 
Seckel, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Johan David and Elisabeth ; 

b. March 7 ; bap. 

sp. maternal and paterna' grandmothers. 
Karst, Johan Wilhelm. s. Wilhelm and Anna Maria ; 

b. May 20 ; bap. May 30 ; 

sp. Johannes Negele and w. Eva Catharina, Adam Krebs 
and w. Anna Maria. 
Fehl, Eva, dr. Philipp and Catharina ; 

b May 27 ; bap June 10 ; 

sp. Caspar Ulrich and vv. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society . 

Stuber, Sophia Christina, dr. Peter and Anna Margretha - 

b. May 30 ; bap. June 12 ; 

sp Christoph Lehr and w. Sophia. 
Geiger, Henrich, s. Paul and Barbara ; 

b. June 6 ; bap. June 18 ; 

sp. Henrich Keppele and w. 
Bob alias George, Johan Jiirg, s. Joh. Jiirg and Barbara ; 

b June 30, and bap. immediately on account of weakness j 

sp. parents. 
Hirt, Elisabeth Barbara, dr. Jiirg (Catholic) and Barbara ; 

b. June 23 ; bap. July 3 ; 

sp. Jacob Unger, Caspar Glockner (Ref) and w Sarah 
Elisab. Mahnin. 
Funk, Anna Catharina, dr. Conrad and Catharina ; 

b. July I ; bap July 17 ; 

sp. Peter Grosnikel, Catharina Frank. 
Willeboy, Maria Margretha Elisabeth, dr. Henrich and Margret, 
[English Lutherans ] 

bap. July 20, age 14 months ; 

sp. Anna Maria Margretha Kuntin. 
Miiller, Jurg Hinrich, s. Jurg and Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 22, 1747 ; bap. July 31, 1748 ; 

sp. George Horn and w. Maria, Henrich Reik and w^ 
Weber, Adam, s. Adam and Maria Magdalena, [Kef.] 

b. July 27 ; bap. Aug. 14 ; 

sp. Christophel Keller, [Ref.] and parents. 
Armbruster, Johannes, s. Gotthard and Anna Margretha, [Ref.J 

b. Aug. II ; bap. Aug. 14 ; 

sp. Johannes Becker and w. 
Geiger, child, Jacob ; 

bap. Aug. 16. 
Gutmann, Johan, s. Philip and Eva Maria ; 

b. Aug. 28 ; bap. Sept 20 ; 

sp. Michael Mathes and w. Margretha 
Ernst, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Georg and Catharina ; 

b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Sept. 17 ; 

sp. Hinrich Bok and w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Schafer, Anna Maria, dr. David and Catharina ; 

b. Oct. I ; bap. Oct. 9 ; 

sp. Johannes Stellwagen and w. Anna Maria, [Ref.} 

St Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Lohninger, Johan Balthasar, s. Philip and Cliarlotta Maria ; 

b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Oct. 9 ; 

sp. Job. Balthasar Neigand, Job. Caspar Neigand, Eva 
Maria Hubigin, Elisab. Marg. Wagner, 
Friesel, Jacob, s. PhiHp and Susanna ; 

bap. Oct. 14 ; 

sp. Michael Katz, [Nicolaus Ifland, pro.xy) Ursula Katz. 
Creutz, Jobanetta Friedrica, dr. Johan Daniel and w. Anna Mar- 

greth ; 

b. Oct. 13 ; bap. Oct. 23 ; 

sp. Friedrich Hoeth [Ref.] and w. Johanetta Margretha 
Hausman, Maria Magdalena, dr. Christoph and Maria Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 24 ; bap. Oct. 2 ; 

sp. Ulrich Allen [Ref.] and w. Maria Magdalena. 
Waker, Maria Elisabeth, dr Andreas and Magdalena ; 

b. Aug. 28 ; bap. Aug. 29 ; 

sp. David Karger's w. 
Meyer, Barbara Margretha, dr. Adam, (from Hessen-Rheinfeldt) 

and Dorothea ; 

b. Sept. 18 ; bap. Sept. 20 ; 

sp. parents and Barbara Margretha Bube w. Johan Henrich. 
Schiitze, Christina, dr. Mathias, jun., and Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 12 ; bap, Nov. 6 ; 

sp. Godlried Willk [Ref] and w. Christina. 
Frank, Johannes, s. Johannes and Maria Christina, [Ref.] 

b. Nov. 7 ; bap. Nov. 20 ; 

sp. Johan Herbert and w. 
Kratt, Anna Dorothea, dr. Friedrich and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 24 ; bap. Nov. 29 ; 

sp. Jacob Babelitz, [Catholic] and w. Anna Dorothea. 
Dull, Johan David, s. Johan and w ; 

b. Sept. I. 
Huynt, Johan Jacob, s. Frantz Carl and Gertraut (Ref] 

b. Nov. 30, bap. Dec. 4 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Umstadt, Maria Quattelbaumin. 
Eppele, Barbara, dr. Johan Jiirg and Maria Juliana ; 

b. Dec. 8, bap. Dec. 15 ; 

sp. Job. Heinrich Keppele, Barbara, wife of Ernestier de 
Schafer, David, s. David and Catharina ; 

b. March 25 ; 

sp. Johannes Schneider and w. [Ref.] 


The Pennsylvania-Gernian Society. 


Keppele, Maria Barbara, dr Johan Heinrich and Maria Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 12 ; bap. Jan. i6 ; 

sp. Grandmother Hiitner, Anna Maria Muhlenberg. 
Unger, Anna Babara, dr. Wolfgang [dec] and Maria ; 

b. Jan. — , 4 months and some weeks after her father's death; 
bap. Jan. i6 ; 

sp. Georg Landeherger, Maria Elisabeth Sekel w. David. 
Bast, Anna, dr. Herman and Judith ; 

b. Jan 12 ; bap. Jan. 19 ; 

sp. Michael Eve and w. Anna Catharina 
Schleyhauf, Anna Maria, dr. Jurg Philip and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 29, 1748 ; bap. Jan. 22, 1749 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Gerhard, Anna Maria Hastmann w. Hein- 
Staus, johan Andreas, s. Balthes and Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan 17 ; bap. Jan. 22 ; 

sp. Johan Hinrich Clemmer and w. Anna, Andreas Boshart 
Lehr, Regina, dr. Johan Christoph and Sophia [Ref.] 

b. Jan. 19 ; bap. Jan. 26 ; 

sp. Andreas Griipel and w. Regina. 
Sekel, Johan David, s. Jurg David and Anna Catharina ; 

b. Jan. 18; bap. Jan. 30; 

sp. Johan David Sekel and w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Thomson, Maria Mary and Nelly, dr. Robert and Susanna [Ref] 

b. Jan. 28; bap. Jan. 31 ; 

sp. Johan David Sekel and w. Maria Elisabeth, Eva Martin 
Raht, Eva, dr. Johan Jacob and Margretha [Ref] 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. Feb. 19 ; 

sp. Hinrich Rik [Ref.] Eva Kuntz. 
Diirmer, Maria Catharina, dr. Thomas and Maria Catharina (Ref.) 

b. Feb. 20; bap. Feb. 21 ; 

sp. Parents, Anna Margretha Strubel (, widow Ref.). 
Gilbert, Catharina, dr. Henrich and Christina (Catholic); 

b. Feb. 9 ; 

sp. Thomas Meyer and w. Cathrina. 
Oswald, Dorothea, dr. Johannes and Dorothea ; 

b. Feb. II ; bap. March 10 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and w. Maria Margretha. • 

S/. Michaelis and Zion Records. 559 

Brosius, Niclaus, s. Niclaus and Charlotta ; 

b. Jan. 10 ; bap. March i6 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and Maria Margretha. 
Grupe, Daniel, s. Daniel and Annia Maria (Ref. ) 

h. March 5 ; bap. March iq ; 

sp. Bernhard Beker, Susanna Beker [widow]. 
Jacob, Elisabeth, dr. Jurg and Barbara ; 

b. March 23 ; bap. March 26 ; 

sp. Carl Ewald, Elisabeth Leonhard [Ref.] 
Holtzlander, Elisabeth, dr. Nicolaus and Anna Magdalena ; 

b. August 29, 1748 ; bap. March 26, 1749 ; 

sp. Adam Fuchs, Elisabeth Pafiferens 
Reichard, Catharina Appolonia, dr. Johan Michael [Ref.] and Anna 
Sophia [Luth.] 

b. March 28 : bap April 2 ; 

sp. Jiirg Ruth and w. Catharina Appolonia ; 
Kraft, Jacob, s. Jacob and Maria Barbara ; 

b. Feb. 26 ; bap. April 2 ; 

sp. Jacob Christler, Maria Phileppina Grafin. Jacob Koch 
and w. 
Bamberger, Agnesa, dr. Rudolf and Catharina ; 

b. March 5 ; bap. April 14 ; 

sp. parents. 
Geiger, Susanna, dr. Caspar and Anna Margretha ; 

b. July 24, 1748 ; bap. May 8, 1749 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Berg and w. Margretha. 
Rheinhard, Johannes Valentin, s. Christian and Veronica ; 

b. April 29; bap. May 15. 
Meyer, Anna Margretha, dr. Thomas and Catherine, [Ref.] 

b. April 12 ; bap. May 15 ; 

sp. Sebastian Miller and w. Anna Margretha. 
Kern, Cathrina Elisabeth, dr. Jacob and Catharina ; 

b. April 9 ; bap. May 15 ; 

sp. Sara Elisab. Mahn, Cathrina Appelin. 
Diirr, Maria Margretha, dr. Michael and Maria Margretha, [Ref.] 

b. April 13 ; bap. May 15 ; 

sp. parents. 
Miihlberger, Catharina Margretha, dr. Johannes (dead) and Maria 
Elisabeth, widow, [Ref.] 

bap. May 20, age 5 weeks ; 

sp. Johannes Ahlgeyer and w. Catharina Margretha, [Luth.] 


The Pennsylvania- Gennan Society. 

Dyado, Johannes Michael, s. Johann Michael [Catholic] and Anna 

Barbara, ILuth.] 

b. Feb. 20 ; bap. May 28 ; 

sp. Johan Michael Wolf and w. Anna Catharina. 
Arnold, Margretha, dr. Johan Jiirg and Catharina, [Catholic] 

b. May 28 ; bap. June 11 ; 

sp. Christoph Scheible and w. Margretha. 
Graf. Johan Jurg, s. Johan Jurg and Maria Catharina ; 

b. June 4 ; bap. June 1 1 ; 

sp. Johan Jurg Bender and w. Elisabeth. 
•Geiger, Christina Sophia, dr. Paul, [Luth.] and Barbara, [Ref.] 

b. June 21 : bap. July i ; 

sp. Christina Sophia Beyer, [Luth.] 
Armbriister, Johannes, s. Godhard and Anna Marg. [Ref.] 

b. July 2 ; bap. July 9 ; 

sp. Johannes Stillwagen and w. Anna Maria Ursula [Ref.] 
Dull, Catharina Margretha, dr. Johan Philipp and Catharin [both 


b. June 18 ; bap. July 9 ; 

sp. Joh. David Seckel and w. 
Gohler, Adam, s. Adam and Elisabeth ; 

bap. July 14 ; 

sp. Parents. 
Beck, Jacob Wilhelm, s. Andreas and Christina ; 

b. June 24 ; bap. July 16 ; 

sp. Jacob Landenberger, Maria Koch. 
Barthel, Anna Barbara, dr. Jacob and Anna Catharina ; 

b. July 18 ; bap. July 23 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Fleck and w. Anna Barbara. 
Karg, Anna Margretha, dr. Joh. Peter and Anna Babara ; 

b. July 2 ; bap. July 23 ; 

sp. Peter Grosnikel [single] Anna Margretha Becker [Ref] 
Kreier, Johan Jacob, s. Joh Jacob and Anna Maria ; 

bap. August 6, age 6 months ; 

sp. Andreas Heppenheimer and w. 
Hencke, Anna Gertraut, dr. Joachim and Anna Christina ; 

b. July 26 ; bap. August 20. 

sp. Godfried Hencke and w. Anna Gertraut [Ref] 
Newman, Anna Eva dr. Andreas and Anna Catharina ; 

b. Feb. 15, in Gloucester Co ; bap. June 7 ; 

sp. David Karger and w. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Ewald, Anna Maria, dr. Carl and Justina Elisabeth ; 

b. August 6 ; bap. August 20 ; 

sp. Valentin Leonhard and Barbara Jacobi. 
Preiish, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Johannes [Luth.] and Maria Elisabeth 


b. August 21 ; bap. Sept. 3 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Weber and Anna Elisabeth Fleurin [Ref.] 
Hahn, Conrad, s. Joseph and Maria Elisabeth, (new comers) 

b. at sea, Sept. 2 ; bap. Oct. 8 ; 

sp. Conrad Jung and w. Catharina 
Schaeffer, Susanna Maria, dr. Jacob and Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 28 ; bap. Oct. 8 ; 

sp. Anna Maria Walther, Susanna Klintz, Carl Hauser. 
Eberhard, Johannes, s, Johannes and Anna Dorothea ; 

b. Sept. 10 ; bap. Oct. 10 ; 

sp. Johan Stugenberger (Ref.) and w. Margaretha. 
Griipel, Johan Christoph, s. Andreas and Regina ; 

b. Sept. I 

sp. Johan Christoph Lehn and w. Sophia, (Ref.) 
Heish, Maria Cathrina, dr. Reichard and Johanna Maria ; 

b. Oct. 9 ; bap. Oct. 13 ; 

sp. David Schafer and w. 
Cuhni, Johan Jacob, s. Benjamin and Anna Maria ; 

b. Sept. 24; bap. same daj' ; 

sp. Anna Margretha and Jacob 

Ohliger, Maria Elisabetha, dr. Johannes and Anna Sophia ; 

b. Aug. 23, at Cowes ; bap. Oct. 15 ; 

sp. Joh. David Schaeffer and w. Joh: Jacob Schaeffer and 
w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Vogt, Johan Philipp, s. Johan and Barbara ; 

b. Sept. 17 ; bap. Oct. 19 ; 

sp. Joh. Philipp Ulrich and Maria Magdalena Diebin. 
Kress, Johan David, s. Johan Christoph and Maria Magdalena 


b. Oct. 19 ; bap. Oct. 24 ; 

sp. Johan David Sekel and w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Ege, Anna, dr. Michael and Anna Cathrina ; 

b. Oct. 20 ; bap. Oct. 30 ; 

sp. Anna Holstin, Herman and Judith Bast. 
Phoste, Joseph, s. William and Anna Barbara ; 

b. Oct. 26 ; bap. Nov. i ; 

sp. parents. 

562 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Bender, Ludewig, s. Jacob and Dorothea ; 

b. August 14 ; bap. Nov. 2; 

sp. Ludwig Freyberg and w. Susanna Elisabeth. 
Drift, Cathrina, dr. Ulrich and Maria ; 

b. Nov. I ; bap. Nov. 12 ; 

sp. Johannes Peltz and w. Cathrina (Ref.) Jacobi Stucki 
Henshuh, Johan Philipp, s. Andreas (dec.) 

b. October 14 ; bap; Nov. 12 ; 

sp. Johan Philipp Kneybaum and w. Anna Margretha. 
Stief, }ohan Jacob, s. Henrich and Regina ; 

b. Nov. 14 ; bap. Nov. 16 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Behnen and w. Anna Margretha ; 
Ransier, Philip, Jacob, s Jurg Fredrich and Dorothea ; 

b. Oct. 8 ; bap. Nov. 27 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Grilf. Cathrina Abelin. 
Schrefler, Christoph, s. Johan Hinrich Schrefler (from Mount Holly) 
and Anna Maria ( Ref ) 

b. Oct. 15 ; bap, Nov. 26 ; 

sp. Christoph Scheibeler, and w. Margretha. 
Weiss, Elisabeth, dr. Benedict (from Gehnhausen) and Elisabeth ; 

b. Nov. 28 ; bap. Dec. 10 ; 

sp. Sigismund Baselman and w. Elisabeth (Ref) 
Grief, Johannes, s. Caspar and Catharine Elisabeth ; 

b. Nov. I ; bap. Nov. 12 ; 

sp. Johannes and Magdalena Grief 
Sofferens, David, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 7 ; bap. Dec. 24 ; 

sp. David Schiifer and w. Catharina. 
Bohm, Benjamin, s. Johannes and Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 14 ; bap. Dec. 26 ; 

sp. Benjamin Franklin and w. 
Weller, Cathrina Barbara, dr. Johannes and Maria Barbara ; 

b. Dec. 28, 1749; bap. Jan. i, 1750 ; 

sp. Leonhard Melchior and w. Cathrina Nullin. 

Anno 1750. 
Macklew, Maria, dr. Robert Macklew and Maria ; 

bap. Jan. i, age 2 years, 2 months ; 

sp. Niclas Ifland and w. Cathrina. 
Macklew, Johannes ; 

b. Dec. 18, 1749 ; bap. Jan. i, 1750 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Minner, Maria Elisab. Hermannin. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 












Johan Heinrich, s. Henrich Klein and Cathrina, (Ref.) 
b. Jan. 5 ; bap. Jan. 21 ; 
sp. Henrich Rick and vv. Cathrina, (both Ref.) 

Jiirg Henrich, s. Peter Stuber and Anna Margretha ; 
b. Jan. 19 ; bap. Jan. 28 ; 
sp. Jiirg Melchior Stuber, Henrich Brosius, Maria Eva 

Maria Barbara, dr. Andreas Bossarde and Christina Cath" 

rina ; 
b. Jan. 15 ; bap. Jan. 29 ; 
sp. parents. 

Wilhelm, s. Conrad Stutz and Barbara ; 
b. Jan. 20 ; bap. Feb. 4 ; 
sp. Wilhelm Statelmann and w. 

Cathrina, dr. Johannes Ahlgeyer and Cathrina Margretha ; 
b. Dec. 27, 1749; bap. Feb. 4, 1750 ; 
sp. Michael Virier, jun., Cathrina Matzingerin. 
Jacob, s. Hans Jiirg Bender and Elisabeth ; 
b. Feb 9 ; bap. Feb. 27 ; 
sp. Hans Jiirg Graf and w. Cathrina. 

Johan Michael, s. Adam Weber and w. Maria Magdalena ; 
b. Feb. 9 ; bap. March i ; 
sp. Thomas Durmer and w. Cathrina. 
Anna Christina, dr. Christophei Krezel and w. Anna 

Barbara ; 
b. Feb. 25 ; bap. March 4 ; 
sp. Matthes Schitz and vv. Anna Christina, Anna Maria 

Andres, s. Matthias Lehrer and w. Cathrina Margareta . 
bap. Feb. 18 ; 

sp. Andreas Beller and w. Cathrina. 
Johan Wilhelm, s. Edward Shippy (English) and w. Barbara 

b. Feb. 9 ; bap. March 4 ; 
sp. Johan Wilhelm Manger (Ref.) Johanna Margretha 

Schemer Gruberin. 
Johan Gottfried, s. Joseph Hitter from Wurtenberg and w. 

Maria ; 
b, Feb. 4 ; bap. March 4 ; 
sp. Johan Gottfried Bohnperr, Maria Christina Brunhandtin. 


The Pennsylvania- German Society. 

Polich, Johan Andreas Jacob, s. Joh. Nicol. Polich and Maria 

Margaretha ; 

b. May i ; bap. May 8 ; 

sp. Jacob Fox, Andreas Behler and w. 
Ritter, Peter, s. Jiirg Ritter and w. Margareth ; 

b. Feb. 10 ; bap. March 8 ; 

sp. Peter Walter Elisabeth Beschin. 
Bope, Margretha, dr. Hans Jiirg Bope and w. Barbara ; 

b March 15 ; bap. March 18 ; 

sp. Jiirg Ritter and w. Margretha. 
Illegitimate, Johan Jacob, s. Michael Seybert (Ref ) and Anna Margretha 
Walters, widow of Simon, now married to Jacob Nick ; 

b. March 18; bap. March 25; 

sp. Jacob Nick and present wife, the mother; also Regina, w. 
Adam Buchbinder. 
Gemel, Margretha, dr. Thomas Gemel and w. Beiden ; 

b. Feb. 9, 174—- ; bap. April 5, 1750 ; 

sp. in presence of three witnesses, Maria Appollonia 
Haegerin, Pastor P. Brunnholtz, Joh. Fried. Vigera. 
Schafer, Johan Georg David, s. Johan Jurg Schafer and w. Anna 
Maria Agnes ; 

b. April 13 ; bap. April 15 ; 

sp. Conrad Keimle and w. Johan David Wilpert. 
Horn, Anna Christina, dr. Georg Horn and w. Maria ; 

b. March 10 ; bap. April 15 ; 

sp. Sommer, Christina Sommerin. 

Koch, Peter 

Fischer, Anna Maria, 

Fischer, Barbara, twin drs. Melchior Fischer and Maria ; 

b. Dec. 9, 1749 ; bap. April 15 ; 

sp. William Karst and w. Anna Maria, George Marquart 
and wife Barbara ; 
Kaufman, Anna Dorothea, dr. Johannes Kaufman and w. Ursula ; 

b. Nov. 1749 ; bap. April 18, 1750 ; 

sp. Andreas Beck and parents. 
Grosnikel, Bernhard Peter, s. Peter Grosnikel and w. Anna Margretha, 

b. April ig ; bap. May 13 ; 

sp. Bernhard Becker and w. Cathrina, (both Ref. )- 
Schiitz, Johan Jurg, s. Mathias Schiitz and w. Barbara; 

b. March 30, 8 p. m.; bap. May 13 ; 

sp. Johan Jurg Wilckin, Anna Rosina Rollere. 

Si. Michaelis and Zi07i Records. 


Dres, Johan Jacob, s. Peter Dres and w. Margretha ; 

b. May 13 ; bap. May 27 ; 

sp. Jacob Cop, (Ref.) Elisabeth Matzingerin 
Arnold, Johan Christian, s. Johannes Arnold and w. Sara Elisabeth ; 

b. May 20 ; bap. May 26 ; 

sp. Christian Reinhardt and Veronica. 
Bppele, Maria Catharina, dr. Joh. Georg Eppele and w. Juliana 

Maria ; 

b. May 18 ; bap. May 27 ; 

sp. Henrich Keppele and w. Catharina. 
Baccus, Maria Barbara, dr. William Baccus, (Luth.) and w. Maria 

Barbara, (Ref.) 

b. May 19 ; bap. May 27 ; 

sp. Johann Fritz, (Luth. ) Maria Barbara Develin, (Luth.) 

Reifen, Schneider, 

Mildeberger, Anna Margretha, dr. Jurg Mildebergerand w. Anna Mar- 
gretha (Ref.) 

b. Dec. 31, 1749 ; bap. July i, 1750 ; 

sp. Jacob Jung, Anna Margretha Weberin. 
Unangst, Anna Margretha, dr. Hans Jiirg Unangst, servant in Trent. 
[on] and \v. Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. June 13 ; bap. July 15 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Roht and w. Margretha. 
Hafner, Catharina Dorothea, dr. Hans Jiirg Hafner and w. Cathrina 
Dorothea ; 

b. July 12 ; bap. July 15 ; 

sp. Hans Michael Rommel (Ref.) Catharina Fehlin. 
Lehr, Elisabeth, dr. Johan Christoph Lehr and w. Sophia ; 

b. July II ; bap. July 16 ; 

sp. Johan Philipp Schmiick and w. Elisabetha. 
Lehrer, Andreas, s. Matthias Lehrer and w. Cathrina Margretha 


b. (?) bap. (?) 

sp. Andreas Beller and w. Cathrina. 
Grupe, Jacob, s Daniel Grupe and w. Anna Maria (Ref. ) 

b. July 3 ; bap. August 19 ; 

sp. Jacob Becker and Anna Barbara Beckerin. 
Hahling, Maria, dr. Michael Hahling and w. Dorothea (Ref.) 

b. June 26 ; bap. August 20 ; 

sp. Parents. 
Pheifer, Michael, s. Michael Pheifer and w. Margretha (Ref.) 

b. August 5 ; bap. August 19 ; 

sp Simon Pelanus and w. Elisabeth ; 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Geiger, George David, s. Paul Geiger and Barbara ; 

b. August 1 1 ; bap. August 24 ; 

sp. Johan David Sekel and w. Maria Ursula. 
Beck, Johan Jurg, s. Johannes Beck and w. Anna Barbara ; 

b. August 15 ; bap. August 30 ; 

sp. Hans Jurg Hafner, Andreas Diemer, Anna Salome 
Huberin, Anna Maria Beckerin. 
Rosier, Maria Rosina dr. Johan Jiirg Rosier and w. Rosina ; 

b. August 15 ; bap. Sept. 2 ; 

sp Johann Sauder and w. Maria. 
Freder, Margretha, dr. Ludwig Freder and w. Anna Maria ; 

b. Aug. 5 ; bap. Aug. 11 ; 

sp. Margretha Schmidtin. 
Negele, Wilhelm, s. Johannes Negele and w. Catharina; 

b. Aug. 22 ; bap. Sept. 2 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst and w. Anna Maria. 
Sanger, Anna Margretha, dr. Georg Ludwig Sanger and w. Maria 

Eva ; 

b. Aug 19 ; bap. Sept. 2 ; 

sp. Peter Stuber and w. Anna Margretha. 
Beck, Jurg Jacob, s. Theobald Beck and w. Anna Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 4 ; bap. Sept. 5 ; 

sp. Hans Jurg Rupp, (Ref ) Jacob Wernert, (Luth. ) Mar- 
gretha Haberin. 
Bach, Johan Wilhelm, s. Johannes Thomas Bachand w. Cathrine 

Salome ; 

b. Sept. 2 ; bap. immediately ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst, Johannes Negele. 
Fleischman, Johan Jacob, s. Joh. Jacob Fleischman and w. Anna Mar- 
gretha. (Ref.) 

b. Sept. 25 ; bap same day ; 

sp. the father and Freyerin. (Ref. ) 

Illegitimate, Johan Gottlieb, s. Johan Salomo and Christina Maria 

b. Sept. 25 ; bap. Sept. 28 ; 

sp. Christian Traugott Leberecht, Bernhard aus Sachsen by 
Mr. Riem, Maria Fischerin at Pembertons. 
Kirchner, Johan Jacob, s. Andreas Kirchner and w. Agnesa, (Ref. ) 

b. Sept. 24 ; bap. Sept. 30 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Konig and w. Juliana. 
Eger, Catharina, dr. Philipp Jacob Eger and w. Cathrina Elisabeth; 

b. Sept. 14 ; bap. Sept. 30 ; 

sp. Johann Becker and w. Cathrina. 

SL Michaelis and Zio7i Records 














Johan Jacob, s. Hans Jacob Rau and w. Maria Elisabeth, 

b. Sept 20 ; bap. Sept. 30 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Weissmann and Magdalena Lattigin, (Ref.) 

Bernhard, s. Johan Friedrich Leim (Luth ) and w. Maria 
Salome ; 

b. Aug. 29 ; bap. Oct. 6 ; 

sp. Bernhard Rupp, (Ref.) Anna Maria Debaldin, (widow.) 

Johan Mathias, s. Jurg Phihpp Hartung and w. Anna Milia ; 

b. Oct. 5 ; bap. Oct. 14 ; 

sp. Mathias Meyer and w. Esther. 

Wilhelm, s. Christian Kiimph and w. Charlotta ; 

b. Oct. II ; bap. Oct. 14 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst and w. 

Maria Christina, dr. Johannes Kuhn and Anna Christina ; 

b. Oct. 15 ; bap. Oct. 22 ; 

sp. Johannes Frank and w. Maria Christina. 

Maria Sophia, dr. Hans Jacob Krier and Anna Maria ; 

b. Aug. 22 ; bap. Nov. 4 ; 

sp. Conrad Keimle and w. Maria Sophia. 

Peter Jacob, s. Andreas and Maria Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 31 ; bap. Nov. 4 ; 

sp. Jacob Barthel and w., Peter Poot and w. 

Maria Magdalena, dr. Johannes Guef and w. Maria Magda- 
lena ; 

b. Nov. 5 ; bap. Nov. 14 ; 

sp. Andreas Fuchs and w. Maria INIagdalena. 

Anna Cathrina, dr. Mathias Sommer and Christina ; 

b. Oct. 10 ; bap. Nov. 18 ; 

sp. Jacob (Luth.) Barbara Rikin, (Ref) single. 

Barbara, dr. Hans. Michael Zinzer and w. Utilia ; 

b. Sept. 23 ; bap. Nov. 18 ; 

sp. Christian Teubele, Barbara Baccusin. 

Jacob Ludwig, s. Joh. Ludwig Kohl and Cathrina Mar- 
gretha ; 

b. Nov 10 ; bap. Nov. 18 ; 

sp. Jacob Fister and Jacob Barthele. 

Cathrina, dr. Johan David Schafer and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Oct. 29; bap. Nov. 18; 

sp. Conrad Jung and w. Cathrina. 
Cathrina, dr Mathias Klein and Margretha ; 

b. Oct 10 ; bap. Nov. 18 ; 

sp. Jiirg David Sekel and w. Cathrina. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society , 

Horst, Maria Eva, dr. Hans furg Horst and w. Eva ; 

b. Oct. 28 ; bap. Nov. 18 ; 

sp. Nicolaus Kobia and w. Maria Theresia. 
Hantzmann, Anna Elisabeth, dr. Christoplier Hjintzmann and Maria 
Barbara ; 

b. Nov. 24 ; bap. ; 

sp Carl Ludwig Essig and w. Anna Elisabeth. 
Hohl, Johan Jacob, s. Mathias Hohl and w. Maria Magdalena 


b. Nov. 23 ; bap. Dec. 9 ; 

sp. Johan Jacob Gness, Joh. Jac. Laudenberger, Maria 
Elisabeth Sucherin (wid.) 
Koch, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Jacob Koch and \v. Eva Cathrina ; 

b. Nov. 29 ; bap. Dec. 5 ; 

sp. Cathrina Iflandin and Elisabeth her dr. 
Krier, Johan Michael, s. Michael Krier jun. and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Nov. 30; bap. Dec. 16; 

sp. Johannes Ahlgeyer and w. Margretha. 
Knauss, Elisabeth Barbara, dr. Johannes Knauss and w. Christina ; 

b. Dec. 8 ; bap. Dec. 16 ; 

sp. Christian Daneke, Maria Gausin. 
Fuchs, Jacob, s. Philipps Fuchs and w. Maria Cathrina ; 

b. Nov. 18 ; bap. Dec. 15 ; 

sp. Jacob Fuchs and w. Susannah. 
Copia, Johan Conrad, s. Nicl. Copia and w. Maria Theresia 


b. August 10 ; bap. Dec. 25. 

Anno 1751. 

Kraft, Jacob, s. Jacob Kraft and Cathrina Dorothea ; 

b. Dec. 30, 1750; bap. Jan. i, 1751 ; 

sp. Jacob Priigele and w. Elisabeth. 
Stucky, Johan Ulrich, s. Jacob Stucky and Elisabeth Griesingen ; 

b. Dec. 24, 1750 (before marriage); bap. Jan. 2 ; 

sp. Johan Ulrich Drifts, Sibilla Stuckin (single). 
Litzingham, Henrich Jacob, s. Warwik Litzingham and w. Maria ; 

b. Dec. 25, 1750 ; bap. Jan. 5, 1751 ; 

sp. Henrich Leppig, Jacob Konig and w. Juliana. 
Hebel, Johannes, s. Johannes Hebel (Ref ) and w. Anna Elisabeth ; 

b. Dec. 28, 1750 ; bap. Jan. 6 ; 

sp. Johannes Beth, (Ref ) Anna Maria Driftin, Cathrina 
Dorothea Hafnerin, (Luth.) 

Si. Michaelis and Zio7i Records. 569 

George, Johannes George, s. Peter George and w. Susannah ; 

b. Sept. 10, 1747 ; bap. Jan. 9, 1750. 
'George, Elisabeth Margretha ; 

b. Oct. 16, 1749; bap. Jan. 9, 1750; 

sp. Georg Ritter. Margretha Ritterin. 
Oswald, Johannes Leberecht, s. Johannes Oswald and w. Dorothea ; 

b. Jan. I, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 16 ; 

sp. the father and Maria Magdalena Dorbin. 
Clepfer, Maria Catharina, dr. Joseph Clepferand \v. Anna Christina ; 

b. Jan. 19, 1751 ; bap. Jan. 26 ; 

sp. Michael Hahn (Ref.) and w. Cathrina. (Ref. ) 
Christler, Maria Philippina dr. Jacob Christler and w. Maria Philip- 
pina ; 

b. Jan. 27 ; bap. Jan. 3 ; ( ?) 

sp. Jacob Graf and vv. Maria Philippina. 
Meyer, Henrich, s. Thomas Meyer and w. Cathrina, (Ref.) 

b. Feb. I ; bap. Feb. 16 ; 

sp. Henrich Schelleberger and w. (both Ref ) 
Illegitimate, (i) Johan Philipp, 

(2) Joseph, twins of Anna Maria Briglere, servant of 
Philipp Dulle and Joseph Hatter, [Ref] a widower and 
servant of Anthony Sykes in Jersey ; 

b. Feb. 22 ; bap. same day ; 

sp. Johan Philipp Dull and w. Wolfin. 

Bohme, s. Johannes Bohme and w. ; 

bap. Feb. 10, 1751. 
Rheinhard, Johannes, s. Christian Rheinhard and w. Veronica ; 

b. Feb. 22 ; bap. Feb. 27 ; 

sp Johannes Arnold and w. Sarah Elisabeth. 
Reis, Anna Maria, dr. Martin Ries and v\. Cathrina (Ref] 

b. Feb. 19 ; bap. March 3 ; 

sp. Michael Meyer and w. Anna Maria. 
Horst, Johannes, s. Ludwig Horst and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Dec. 16 ; bap March 3 ; 

sp. Johannes Hinfinger and w. Maria Magdalina. 
Kohler, Susannah, dr. Johan Hinrich Kohler and w. Gertraut [Ref.] 

b. March 4 ; bap. March 10 ; 

sp. Caspar Glockner and w. Susannah. 
Durr, Anna Maria, dr. Friedrich Durr and w. Anna Margretha ; 

b. Feb. r6 ; bap. March 14 ; 

sp. Johannes Grup (Ref ) Anna Maria Grupin his dr. 


The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Meyer, Anna Barbara, dr. Mathias Meyer and w. Esther ; 

b. Feb. 28 ; bap. March lo ; 

sp. Jurg PhiHpp Hartung and vv. Anna AttiHa Barbara 
Lederle, Friderica Henrica, dr. Hans Michael Lederle and w. 
Cathrina ; 

b. Dec. 14, 1750 ; bap. March 14, 1751 ; 

sp. Johan Gotfried Bohner, Agnes Henrich Meyere. 
Keppele, Augustinus, s. Henrich Keppele and w. Catharina ; 

b. March 10 ; bap. March 15 ; 

sp. Rev Peter Brunnholtz. 
Forst, Johannes Ernst, s. Johan Jurg Forst and w. Cathrina 

Elisabeth ; 

b. ]\Iarch 11 ; bap. March 16 ; 

sp. Johan Ernst Heiser and w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Durmer, Anna Sophia, dr. Thomas Durmer and w. Cathrina (Ref. ) 

b. March 8 ; bap. March 18 ; 

sp. Peter Brunnholtz and the Father. 
Wekeser, Anna Margretha, dr. Andreas Wekeser and w. Anna 
Susannah (Ref. ) 

b. Feb. 8 ; bap. March 29 ; 

sp. Jacob Schneider, Maria Margretha Mullerin. 
Cress, Maria Elisabeth, dr Johan Christop Cress and w. Maria 

Magdalena ; 

b. March 19 ; bap. April i ; 

sp. Johan David Seckel and w. Maria Elisabeth. 
Bechtold, Anna Catharina, dr. Johan Viet Bechlold and w. Susannah,. 

b. Dec. 1750; bap. March 23, 1751 ; 

sp. Johan Georg Meckle, Anna Cathrina Lonin. 
Schafer, Conrad, s. Jacob Schiifer and w. Anna Maria ; 

b. Jan. 7 ; bap. April 3 ; 

sp. Conrad Ries, Anna Gertraut Riesin, (single) Barbara 
Hirt, Anna Cathrina, dr. Jurg Hirt and w. Anna Barbara ; 

b. ]\Iarch 3, bap. April 3 ; ! 

sp mother and Sarah Elisabeth Mahnin. 
Mildberger, Johan Jurg, s. Michael Mildberger and w. Cathrina, (Ref.) 

b. Jan. 2 ; bap April 7 ; 

sp. Johan Jurg Mildberger and w. Anna Margretha. 
Horst, Johannes, s. Ludwig Horst and w. Anna Cathrina ; 

b. Dec. II, 1750 ; bap. March 3, 1751 ; 

sp. Johannes Hunsinger and w. Magdalena. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 571 

Lauterbach, Friedrich Beruhard, s. Johannes Lauterbach and w. Mar- 
gretha ; 

b. March 30 ; bap. April 7 ; 

sp. Bernhard Rupp and w., Johan Gotfried Bohner, Chris- 
tina Catharina Phitscher. 
Bast, Elisabeth, dr. Hertnan Bast and w. Judith ; 

b. March 23 ; bap. April 7 ; 

sp. Lorentz Bast and w. Anna Margretha. 
Landgraf, Peter, s. Jacob Landgraf and w. Maria ; 

b. Feb. 13 ; bap April 7 ; 

sp. Peter Driiss, Appolonia Bruhnin, Daniel Scheibeler. 
Holtzlander, Adam, s. Niclas Holtzlander (Roman Catholic) and w. 
Anna Magdalena ; 

b. Oct. 21, 1750; bap. April 7, 1751 ; 

sp. Adam Fuchs, Elisabeth Softerens. 


Unbehend, Johan Michael, s Valentin Unbehend and \v. Anna Maria ; 

b. April 3 ; bap April 14 ; 

sp. Johan Michael Creuss and w Elisabetha. 
Vetter, Maria Elisabeth, dr. Peter Vetter and Hannah Miillerin ; 

b, April 8 ; bap April 14 ; 

sp. Michael Egoll, Elisabeth Vohmassin (Ref. ) Maria 
Becker, Johannes, s. Friedrich Becker and w. Christina ; 

b. Nov. 13, i75o(?) bap. April 14 ; 

sp. Valentin Unbehend and Mother. 
Illegitimate, Johannes, s. Kan Mackines (Eyrish) and Juditha Bossertia 

b April 2 ; bap. April 17 ; 

sp. Johannes Wolf and Esther Wolfin. 
Gerzmann, Johan David, s. Ludwig Gerzmann and w. Cathrina (both. 

b. April II ; bap. April 15 ; 

sp. Johan David Schiifer and w. Cathrina. 
Bernhard, Henrich Joseph, s. Martin Bernhard (servant) and w. 
Elisabeth ; 

bap. April 23, age 17 months ; 
Bernhard, Johan Jurg, s. 

bap. April 23, age 10 weeks next Thursday ; 

sp. Hinrich Clemmer and w. Anna, Johan Jiirg Ruht and 
w. Cathrina Appolonia 

572 The Pennsylvania-German Society. 

Wager, Johan Peter, s. Peter Wiiger fdec.) and w. Margretha ; 

b. March 2S ; bap. April 29 ; 

sp. Rev. Peter Brunnholtz, Johan David Seckel and w. 
Maria Ursula. 
Phorte, Philipp, s. Wilhelm Phorte and w. Barbara . 

b May 6 ; bap. May 12 ; 

sp. Johan Philipp Fuchs and w. Maria Cathrina. 
Griipel, Sophia Charlotta, dr. Andreas Griipel and w. Regina ; 

b. April 28 ; bap May 19 ; 

sp. Johan Christoph Lehr and w. Sophia Charlotta. 
Fusel, Anna Margretha, dr Christian Fusel and Anua Maria ; 

b. April 18 ; bap April 2>'^\ 

sp. Peter Dross and w. Anna Margretha. 
Lingele, Johan Martin, s. Andreas Zingele and w. Catharina ; 

b. St. .Martin's day 1750; bap. May 27, 1751 ; 

sp Parents. 
Wirth, Rosina Magdalena, dr Hans Jeorg Wirth and w. Salome ; 

b. May 21 ; bap. May 27, 1751 ; 

sp. Rosina and Johan Conrad Katz,- (servants of 

Abraham Mason.) 
Bichler, Johan Ulrich, s. Andreas Bichler and w Margretha ; 

b. May 21 ; bap. fune 2 ; 

sp. Johan Ulrich Drift and w. Anna Maria. 
Koch, Anna Cathrina, dr. Johan Henrich Koch and w. Eva Mar- 

gretha ; 

b. Feb. 23 ; bap. Feb. 4. (?) 

sp. Carl Ewald, Anna Cathrina Riesin. 
Lintz, Anna Magdalena, dr. Christopher Lintz and w. Anna Eva ; 

b. June 19 ; bap. June 23 ; 

sp. Magdalena Schermerin. 
Weiss, Peter, s. Carl Ludwig Weiss and Elisabeth Heidin, (both 


b. May 19 ; bap. June 23 ; 

sp. Peter Heyde, Christina Heydin. 
Pott, Johannes, s. Henrich Pott and w. Elisabeth, (Ref.) 

b. June 6 ; bap. June 23 ; 

sp. Johannes Eberhard and w. Anna Dorothea. 
Arnold, Johan Christoph. s. Jurg Arnold and w. Cathrina ; 

b. June 23 ; bap. July 7 ; 

sp. Christoph Scheibele (Ref) and w. Maria Margretha, 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 


Prichard, Thomas, s. William Prichard and w. Cathrina ; 

b. March 6 ; bap. July 12 ; 

sp. Rowland Prichard, Elisabeth Herbein 
Seckel, Maria Barbara, dr. Jurg David Seckel and w. Anna Cath- 

rina ; 

sp. Maria Barbara Bockelsin. 
Grafe, Jacob, s. Jacob Graf and w. Anna Cathrina ; 

b. July 19 ; bap. July 21 ; 

sp. Jacob Griif, Philippina Grafin. 
Jung, Elisabeth, dr. Conrad Jung and w. Cathrina ; 

b. July 4 ; bap. July 28 ; 

sp. Johan Peter Weimer and w. Elisabeth in Koppestein- 
ischen, inthePfaltz, near Mandel, in their absence stand 
as proxy, David Schaefer and w. Cathrina. 
Koch, Johan Wilhelm, s. Johan Ludwig Koch and w. Catharina ; 

b. July 20 ; bap. July 28 ; 

sp. Johan Willhelm Gerhard, Rosina Geredin. 
Sommer, Maria Barbara, dr. Daniel Sommer and w. Anna Maria ; 

b. August 7 ; bap. August 10 ; 

sp. Barbara Bube and the Father. 
Fischer, Maria Agnes, dr. Melchior Fischer at Neshaminy Ferry and 
w. Maria ; 

b. June 20 ; bap. August 11 ; 

sp. Wilhelm Karst and w. Anna Maria. 
Slatterer, Johannes, 

Slatterer, Agnes Barbara, twins of Martin Slatterer and \v. Brigitta 

b. August I ; bap. August 11 ; 

sp. Johannes Ott and w. Anna, Philip Rieber and w. Agnes. 
Werner, Leonard, s. Peter Werner (from Schaf hausen district) and 
w. Maria ; 

b. August 10 ; bap. August 19 ; 

sp Michael Danner and Ursula Slatterin (Ref ) 
Geyer, Andreas, s. Johan Friedrich Geyer and w. Maria ; 

b. August 17 ; bap. August 21 ; 

sp. Andreas Griipel and w. Maria Regina. 
Diel, Johannes, s. Johannes Diel and w. Susannah Cathrina ; 

b. August 10 ; bap. August 28 ; 

sp. Parents. 
3ox, Robert, s. Robert Box (English) and w. Cathrina ; 

bap. August 31, age 4>^ years ; 

sp. Peter Gartner. 

574 T^f^^ Pennsylvania-German Society. 










child Gerhard Fuhr and w. Eva Maria ; 

bap. September i ; 

sp. Johannes Ernst Krammer (Ref. ) Christoph Jung and w. 

Anna Elisabeth, dr. Baltzer Fleischer and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Sept. 6 ; bap. Sept. 8 ; 

sp. Anna Elisabeth (Ref.) 

Carl, s. Wilhelm Hofmann and w Margretha ; 

b. August 26 ; bap. Sept. 8 ; 

sp. Carl Ewald and w. Elisabeth. 

Joseph, s. Joseph Alber and Walpurga ; 

b. Sept. 13 ; bap. same day ; 

sp. parents. 

Anthony, s. David Musgung (from Grotzingen Durlach 
Ober A.) and w. Elisabeth ; 

b. Sept. 18 ; bap. Sept. 19 ; 

sp. Anthony Hauer and w. Anna Maria, Jacob Lehman and 
w. Anna Magd., Joachim Nageler and w. Juliana, 
Johan Dan. Rober and w. Barbara. 

Johan Jiirg, s. Veidt Meister (from Hofenheim by Heidel- 
berg) and w. Anna Elisabeth, (Ret. ) 

b. Sept. 18 ; bap. Sept. 21 ; 

sp. Johan Jurg Kraft, (Luth. ) Johan Jiirg Hofmann, Elisa- 
beth Barbara Kraftin. 

Anna Maria, dr. Ludwig Friedburg and w. Elisabeth ; 

b. August II ; bap. Sept. 22 ; 

sp. Jacob Bender, Anna Maria Ewigin. 

Cathrina Appolonia, dr. Jiirg Dielman and w. Margretha ; 

b. Sept. 12 ; bap. Sept. 22 ; 

sp. Jurg Ruht and w. Catharina Appolonia. 

Johannes, s. Michael Weber and vv. Anna Barbara ; 

b, Sept. 21 ; bap. Sept, 22 ; 

sp. Johannes Meitzer and \v. Catharina. 
Jacob, s. Balthes Cramer and w. Elisabeth ; 

b. August 31 ; bap. Sept. 22 ; 

sp. Michael Muldebarger and w. Cathrina. (Ref.) 

child George Ernst ; 

bap. Sept. 22 ; 

sp. Henrich Pott and vv. 

Mathias, s. Gabriel Braunewell [single] and Wendel Braune- 
well his father, and Susannah Maria Heyserin ; 

b. Sept. 21 ; bap. Sept. 24 ; 

sp. Mathias Bruhn, Anna Maria Krebson. 

SL Michaelis and Zion Records. 












Anna Margretha, dr. Peter Bluhm and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Sept. 22 ; bap. Sept. 24 ; 

sp. Peter Dress and w. Anna Margretha. 

Samuel, s. Carl Bauer and vv. Barbara [Ref.] 

b. June 7 ; bap. Sept. 27 ; 

sp. Parents. 

Johannes, s. Hans Jiirg Trauts and w. Christina ; 

b. Sept. 27 ; bap. Sept. 30 ; 

sp. Johannes Negele and w. Eva Cathrina. 

Johan Leonard, s. Johan Jiirg Ellenbach (from the Pfaltz) 

and w. Agatha ; 
b. Sept. 30 ; bap. same day ; 
sp. Johan Leonhard Schiifer (from the Pfaltz). 
Johan Ulrich, s. Hans Jurg Kubler and w. Anna Maria ; 
b. Sept. 30 ; bap. Oct. 6 ; 
sp. Johan Ulrich Drift and w. Anna Maria. 
Johan Leonhard, s. Johan Leonhard Kessler and w. Maria 

Cathrina ; 
b. Oct. II ; bap. same day ; 
sp. the father from necessity. 

Johan Wilhelm, s. Nicolas Brosius and w. Charlotta ; 
b. August 28 ; bap. Oct. 30 ; 

sp. Johan Wilhelm Brosius, Anna Margretha Bergin. 
Johan Mathias, s. Johan Mathias Abel and w. Anna Cathrina 

Feldinbret ( Ref ) 
b. Oct 27 ; bap. Nov. i ; 
sp. Michael Egolf, Elisabeth Egolfin. 
Anna Barbara, dr. Jacob Vischer (Newcomer) and w. Anna 

Maria ; 
b. Oct. 16 ; bap. Nov. 4 ; 
sp. Gottfried Bohner and Barbara his sister. 

Justina Elisabeth, twins of Jiirg Jacobi and w. Barbara ; 
b. Sept. 28 ; bap. same day ; 
sp. Carl Ewald and w. Justina Barbara. 
INIaria Anna, dr. Johan Daniel Kapel (from Umstadt) and 

w. Elisabeth Cathrina, ( nee Miesmerin ) 
b. Nov. I ; bap, Nov. 4 ; 
sp. Johan Jacob Hut, Anna Barbara Hallerin. 

child Georg Joseph Meyer (dec.) andw. Anna Maria; 

b. Oct. 30 ; bap. Nov. 4 '. 

sp. Andreas Jotter, Maria Magdalena Jetterin. 


The Pennsylvania-Germmi Society. 

Schenken, Maria Cathrina, dr. Hans Jiirg Schenken, (from Bentz- 
wangen, Kopping Amt) and w. Anna Magdalena ; 

b. Oct. 28 ; bap. same day ; 

sp. Andreas Hittig, (from Stuttgart) Christina Elisabeth 
Koche, Michael Wolf (single) 
Vogel, Johan Hinrich, s. Johannes Vogel and w. Anna Margretha ;. 

b. Oct. 25 ; bap. Oct. 30 ; 

sp. Henrich Riidler and w, Anna Maria. 
Whitehead, Mary, dr. James Whitehead and Mary his wife ; 

bap. Oct. 31, 1751 ; 

sp. parents. 
Hess, Johannes, s. Jacob Hess (Ref.) and w. Elisabeth; 

b. July 31 ; bap. Nov. 3 ; 

sp; Johannes Francke and w. Maria Christina. 
Keppler, Juliana Cathrina, dr. Sebastian Keppler and w. Anna Elisa- 
beth ; 

b. Oct. 28 ; bap. Nov. 3 ; 

sp. Juliana Schmidtin. Johan Strub, Anna Cathrina Strubin. 
Schonfeldt, Joh. Godfried, s. Friedrich Schonfeldt and w. Maria Cath- 
rina ; 

b. Sept. 20 ; bap. Sept. 29 ; 

sp. Joh. Godfried Bonner, Cathrina Anthonisin. 
Kelly, Maria Cathrina, dr. Wilhelm Kelly (Ref.) and w. Cathrina ; 

b. Jan. 11; bap. Nov. 9 ; 

sp Henrich Pott, Maria Elisabeth [Pott]. 
London, Joh. Georg, s. Thomas London (an Englishman of the 
church of England) and w. Cathrina ( Ref. ) 

b. Nov. 7 ; bap. Nov. 15 ; 

sp. Jacob Taubendietel, Anna Elisabeth Mockelie. 
Poot, Cathrina Margr. dr. Peter Poot and w. Anna Maria ; 

b. Nov. 13 ; bap. Nov. 17 ; 

sp. Andreas Tiefendahl and w. Maria Margretha, Mathias 
Bauer and w. Cathrina. 
Nick, Anna Barbara, dr. Wilhelm Nick and w. Anna Cathrina ; 

b. Nov. 20 ; bap. Nov. 30 ; 

sp. Hinrich Schneider and w. Anna Barbara. 
Gilbert, Anna Margretha, dr. Henrich Gilbert and w. Anna Cathrina; 

b. March 9, 1750 ; bap. Dec. 2, 1751 ; 

sp. Anna Margretha Gilbertin. 

( To be Continued. ) 

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