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anmo de colonna>s 

•gptoria Crotana." 


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INDEX OF BOOKS AJTD StTBJECTS (fbom thb hb.) his 

THE DESTRUCTION OF TEOY (thb allitkbatttb pohm) I 

KOTES 461 


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In the year 1865 I vas nqueated hy Mr F. J. Fumivall to go 
over the Catalogue of the Hunteiian Mnseum, UiuTersitjr of Gla»- 
goff, to Bscertaia if there veie any wotka there, in manuBcript, 
which might he suitable for reproduction hj the Early Englieh Text 
Society.' Among other entries, I aent hiin the following : — 

" A Stately Poera called tbe Dafmction of TVoy, wrote by Joseph of 
Eiceler, who lived in the reiga of Kiug Usury tlie Secood, from 1151 
to 1189. In Old English verse, fulio (on paper), written in a small 
cramp hand." 

Several extiacte from the manuscript itself were subsequently for- 
warded, and determined the Committee of the Society to print it 
My professional engagements, occupying mo weekly during nearly 
the whole of the honra at which the Museum was open, did not 
admit of tdj copying the poem, even if its size and formidable 
appearance had not deterred me &om attempting it. The work of 
transcription was undertaken by Mr David Donaldson, who had 
more time at his disposal and much greater experience in such work 
than I had, and it was completed after no small amount of difBculty 
and labour, which the mistake as to the author very materially 
increased. "While the greater portion of the manuscript is certainly 
written in a provokingly "cramp" hand, yet at various parte the 
writing is very beautiful and easily read, having been executed 
apparently with great care. Tbe reason of this remarkable diifer- 
ence did not at firat occur to the transcriber. The evident mistakes, 
or say the curious combinations of letteia employed in the spelling 
of the proper names especially, and the peculiarity of these on being 
pronounced, at last suggested to him, when ho was for advanced, 

' " Ton oonid help ni, too, b; looking into the M88. at the Librar; at tbe 
Hunterian Uuieuin, There mutt be some worth printing there. They have a 
uaiqaecopjof Chaucer's Bewiamnt i/ tlu Bete ; and, lam told," [bf the Bev. 
Joseph Stevenwn] '* a unique Poem on the Destruction of Troy In IS or moie 
thousand linea. But it ma; turn out to be Ljdgate's Trag Book." 8 Dee., 186&. 

that the carefully executed portions wete copied at leianre from pci- 
hapa the ordinal, while the test wsis less carefully taken down from 
dictation by the copyist, who Beemlngly did not know the words he 
wrote down, and spelt from the sound. Further examination, and 
the marked difference in the character and formation of the letters 
in the "cramp" and the more carefiilly written portions, served to 
prove that this conjecture was the right one, and fully accounted for 
the differences in the spelling, otherwise inexplicable. 

Much time would have been saved not only in the work of 
ttsnacnption, but in the preparation for the press, had meaus been 
taken at an early period to test the correctness of the entry in the 
catalogue. No suspicion of this, however, having been entertained, 
it was only when the first sheet was in type, that a careful com- 
parison of it was made with the Bdlum 2>-q/onwm of Joseph of 
Exetei to ascertain vrith what fidelity the translation had been 
executed, and it was found that the MS. poem was not a translation 
irom that work at alL A similar examination of the Histories, said 
to be by Dares and Dictys, showed that, although they had much 
in common, the poem was not tranelated from them either. Titus 
baffled, it occurred to me that a comparison might be tried with our 
MS. and a very fine one of Guido de Colonna's Hiitoria Trojana, 
in the Hunterian Museum. This comparison, at first, was not much 
more promising than the others had been. The great diSerence in 
the writing and in the arrangement of the two MSS., the fuller text 
of Guido at the commencement, and the very considerable gap 
between the first and second Books of our MS., the extent of which 
was then unsuspected, prevented us from noticing the connection 
between Guido de Colonna and the Stately Poem, Though the 
result yraa uneatisfactory, I was unwilling to give up the matter 
altogether without one more trial, and requested Mr Donaldson to 
surest some testing passage at the end of our Troy Book, with 
numerons proper names in it, or several well-marked paragraphs, in 
order to institute a further and closer examination. First one and 
then another such passage' was turned up and tried, and it soon be- 
came quite manifest that the MS. poem was a translation, though 
not a close and continuoua one^ of Guide's Sktoria Trcgana, 


But whence was the work of Guido derived t was tlie next 
question. A few months ago* the writei would have been con- 
Ettuned to leave this matter in the doubt and uncertainty in which 
it was left hy Warton and his annotatois, simply from the difficulty, 
if not impossibility, of getting a copy or transcript of a sufficiently 
large portion of the Soman de Troie to compaTe with Guide's Bdlum 
Tmjanum. That dif&culty, ot impossibility, exists no longer. 
Thanks to the admirable edition of Monsieur A. Joly, Doyen de la 
Faculte dea I^ttrea, of Caen, we have now a complete text of the 
Boman accessible, from which it is evident that Benoit de Sainte- 
Mani« is the originator of that great mass of romantic liteiaiuie 
respecting the siege and dentmction of Troy, so widely diffused, 
and so popular during the Middle Ages. 

From the exhanstive reasonii^ and proofe of Mons. Joly as to 
the peiBOQ and age and country of his author, it is sufficiently mani- 
-feat that the Soman de Troie appeared between the years 1176 and 
1185. The translation, or version, of the Rmitan by Guido de 
Colonna was finished, as he tells ns at the end of his Sistoria 
Troiana, in 1287. From one or other, or both, of these works the 
various Histories, Chtonicles, Bomances, Gestes, and Flays of The 
Deslruciion of Troy, The Proieess and Death of Hector, The Treason 
of the Greeks, &c,, were translated, adapted, or amplified, in almost 
every language of Europe, 

The Stately Poem now printed is, in all probability, the very 
first or earliest version of Benoit and Guido in our language. The 
poet Batbour execnted perhaps the second, of which the fetgments 
otdy are now extant in two MS. copies of the more modem version 
of Lydgate — his well-known Trot/ Book, The MS. Folio, or " Pro- 
digious Folio" (Laud K. 76) in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, 
described by Warton, and erroneously ascribed to Lydgate, ie a 
fourth version. Another Oxford MS. (Eawl. MS. Misc. 82) com- 
mencing, « Here begynneth the Sege of Tioyo," 
is a prose adaptation from the same Bources. The best-known prose 
version, however, of the story of old Troy is that of Caxton. His 
' Written in l$7ft 

DC|-:ec by Google 

Dwtruation of Troy, -wHcli has been often reprinted, is partly 
derived and translated ftotn the Becueil of HiBtoriea by Lefevre, but 
the Third Book ia a very close translation of the corresponding por- 
tion of Guido de Colonna. There are other more modem poetical 
Teisions, more or leas condensed, snch as " The Life and Death of 
Hector, One and the First of the most puissant. Valiant, and 
lienowned Monarches of the World called the IJyno Worthies," by 
Thomas Heyvood, a copy of which I possess, as also another work 
of his, Tlie Iron Age, fi'om the same prolific materials. This last is 
a drama in two parts — the first " Contayning ike Rape of Hdlen : 
The Siege of Troy : The Comhate hetwixt Hector arid Ajax: Bector 
and Troilw Slayne," &o. The second part " Conlayneih the Death 
of PentJiesUea, Parts, Priam, mul Hecuba : TJie Burning of Troy : 
Tlie Deaths of Agamemnon, MeneJaita," Sea. 

From the pages of Brunet we may see how often and how 
varionsly it was reproduced in the different countries throughout 
Europe; and yet his enumeration by no means exhausts all the 
versions of the Fall of Troy. I possess, or I have examined, copies 
of several others in Engllsb, French, Spanish, and Italian, of which 
ho has token no notice. 

The old atoiy, as elsewhere, appears to have been very popular 
in Scotland, and for a long period too. The MS. (MSS. Cat., vol. 
V. 600, Kk, 5. 30) in Cambridge University Library, which is a copy 
principally of Lydgate's Troy Book, was written in Scotland, pro- 
bably by the same copyist who executed the Donee MS. 148 in the 
Bodleian, Oxford, at the end of which we are told 

" Here eodis ye Sege of Troye written and mendit at ye Instance of 
ane honorable chaplane Ser Thomas ewyn in Edioburgli." 

In the first of these MSS., a Scotch one, formerly in the Duke of 
Lauderdale's collection, when examined by Mr Bradshaw, Librarian 
of the University, to ascertain the changes made in the author's 
language by the Scottish copyist, were discovered the remarkable 
remains of Barbour's version. Mr Bradshaw thus describes his 
interesting and most valuable discovery : 

''■It was on the 11th of tliis month (April, 1866) that I took down 
from the shelf in ttie University Library a copy of Lydgate's TVt.y 



Boot. I only koew that it was a Scotch maaoscript, formerlj in tlis 
Duko of Landerdale'e collection, which was sold hy auction in 1692, 
add that it had been bought with several otheiB from the same libraiy 
bj Bishop Hoore, and tranaferred with the reat of his books to the 
UniTeraity by the moniricance of King George in 1715, My immediate 
object was to see bow far Lydgate'a aonthern English had been modi- 
fied in the process of tranacripticn by a Scottish acribe. The original 
volume was mntilated both at beginning and end, and the miasing 
parte bad been eapplied in writing, from the printed edition of 1555, by 
one Sir Jamea Hnrray of Tibbermare, who owned tlie book in 1612. 
However, on turning over a few leaves near the end of tha original 
acribe's work, I was strack with a line in larger handwritiog (that 
naod thronghont the volamo for mhrics), running as follows: 

' Her endis the monk ande begynnis barbonr ; ' 
and on tnraing back, I fonnd a similtu' rubric near the beginning: 

' Her endis barbonr and begynnia tha monk,' 
It waa farther apparent that the lines before this note at the beginning, 
aa &r aa they were preserved (abont 600), and after the note at the end 
(abont 1600 or 1600), were not Lydgate oonpleta of versea of five 
accenta, hot Romance conplets of verses of four accents. A few lines 
were enoogh to shew me that tha language waa anything but aouthero 
English ; and I had little doubt that I had stumbled upon some frag- 
menta of a large work by the earliest known Scotch poet, of which I 
did not recollect to have seen any notice. .... It is difficult to 
nndeistand how these fragments came to occupy the place which they 
hold in the present MS. The only explanation I can suggest is that 
the Scotch scribe, wisliing to make a copy of Lydgat^'s story of the 
Destruction of Troy, was only able to procure for his purpose s copy 
mutilated at beginning and end; and that, in transcribing, he sup- 
plemented his original by taking the missing portions of the story from 
the antiquated (snd in his eyes less refined) translation made by his 
own countryman in tha previona century. King Janios sooms to have 
carried back with him into Scotland the knowledge of the Euglish 
poetry of his day. There is ample evidence of the popularity of Chau- 
cer in Scotland in the latter half of the fifteenth century ; several of his 
smaller poema are only known to us from Scotch copies of them ; and 
one indeed is among the earliest productioos of the Edinburgh press. 
It need not then he matter of surprise to us if the great popularity of 
Lydgate in England had spread his fame across the border. I still 
thought that anonymous copies of Barbour's Siege of Troif might have 
been preserved either entire or, aa here, combined with Lydgate'a work, 
and suggested this to my friends in Scotland ; but at preaent all that I 
can say is that they know of no poem of the kind lying unclaimed. 
While, however, so many libraries remain unexplored, it ia veiy pro- 
bable that a more oomplete copy may yet be discovered 

" F.9. Uy conjecture has been veri6ed to some extent. I have aincs 

hwl the good fortatie to discover in the Douce Collection a copy which 
fumighea about 1200 additionsl lines towards the close of tlie poem. 
Being at Oxford for Bome weelie this summer, I was eaabled, thaaks to 
the unequalled kindDesa of Mr Coie, to explore at mj' leisure whole de- 
partmeDta of the Bodleian Library. I was Bearching for pribted books ; 
but seeing a MR of Lydgate's Troy Book in an adjoining book-case, I 
was tempted to take it down, although I knew that all the Bodleian 
Ljdgafes had been just recently examined with great care for the com- 
mittee of the Early Eaglish Text Society. It is a Scotch MS., and was 
probably copied from the Cambridge MS. before ours was so much 
mutilated. The beginning is Lydgate, the volume closes^ with the last 
few lines of Lydgate's poem, and the rubrics about Barbour and the 
Monk are omitted ; so that it is not to be wondered at that evea Mr 
Douce himself should have overlooked it, to say nothing of more recent 

That the two M8S. may have had a common origin, and been 
written and " mendit," at the end at least, by the same chaplain that 
executed the Donee copy, is very probable and likely, bat that the 
one was copied from the other is disproved, I think, by the various 
differences existing between them, as shown by parallel extracts, 
which I have had token from both. The Douce MS., for example^ 
has not the conclnding portion, if indeed it has any, of the first 600 
linefl of Barbour, which are found in the other. In the Cambridge 
MS. these linea conclude thus : — 

" And tbns of Medea fynd I 

Becordyt in alt poetiye 

Bot qnjiethir it be suth or lese 

the werray Storye sais Scho wes 

Mast perfyt in aatronomye 

And ek into gramancye 

Of all that lyfTyt in hyr quhill 

So Soneranly scho was snbtill 

That thar was neaer nane hyr lyk 

No nener sail be pure no ryk. 
Her endia Barbour and begynis the monk 

Because of certane interleuerations 

Of dynerse Cerclea and reuolutions 

That maked bene in the heneo aloft 

Which causen ws for to failen oft." 

' From an extract, now before me, from this H8., the case really stands 
ihxa: Folio S3Q and last oommenees with four lines of Barbour, then follow 
32 lineB of Lydgate ; the long epiaodioa] address to Henry V., in which ha de- 
scribes hima^f, mentiona Chaucer, Sen., consisting of 236 lines, ia omitted, and 
then the " mendit " poem concludes with the last five Ihiei of LydgaUh 


The COTTespondmg passage in the Douce MS., fol 26b., is as follows : 

"iQnlien he moris onder eliptike lyue 
The dip«e mougbt follow as aactoares list diasyne 
So ysit jar be b^ yar diacriptioun 
Of boitb twayn full couiuactionQ 
And yat ye sone with Iiie beiueB reid 
Haae hia duelling in ye dragoDs bed 
And ye mone be set eke in ye tale 
As by natore yan It may nought fale 
Tljat yn [yre] must fall eclipse of werray neid 
In Byndry bakes Ijke as ye may reid 
Becaase of certane latersecatJouDS 
Of dinersse clerkes^ and reaolutioDS 

That maid er in ye hewyn alolt [U.Ua.] 

Quhilk causis ws for to fale oit." 

The firat ten lines of this extract are I-ydgate'a, modified in spell- 
ing by the Scottish copyist, and it is T017 manifest that the last two 
were not copied from the corresponding lines of the Cambridge MS. 
Perhaps were the two HSS. themselves examined and compared to- 
gether, the real truth of the matter regarding their connection and 
production might be ascertained exactly. Failing such comparison, 
a satisfactory conclusion might he arrived at by a carefiU examina- 
tion of Bofficiently copious extracts taken from both — ^if photo- 
graphed, all the better. 

I bad not gone over much of the Stately Poem in proof before I 
was stmck with the number not only of words, bat of expressions 
and phrases occurring in it, that ace still in common use in Scotland. 
This had also struck the transcriber ; and when it was ascertained 
that the work was not a translation from Joseph of Exetor, or from 
the historians Dares end Dictys, more attention was paid to these 
woids and phrases than heretofore; and as the proofs, wlien collated 
■with the MS., were read al<ntd, the Scottish or Northern peculiarity 
became eyery day more manifest. Indeed, whole lines of the poem, 
and even passages of some length, would be intelligible to the 
common people in many parts of this country at the present day, 

' lo Uarsh, 166!!, tbese tiro lines are 

"Whan so he meueth under the Clyptik lyne, 
The Gipse mott fo1o» ae Anctoura list diffiue." 
* Evidently a mistake for cervlet. 

) by Google 

and might even be spoken hy them, mthont the slightest euspicion 
that the; were uttering anTthing either aichaio oi foreign. In my 
native oonntjr of Fife many an orchin, "yonge and yepe," or 
"yanp," not long introsted vith "hreeks," were be visiting Cnpar, 
the capital of tbe ancient "Kingdom," 

" Hit is the Soveraiyne citie of tbe soyle ever, 
Of leoglit and (oQ largenea looely to see. 
Well bilde all aboute, and mony buemes la " — 

might, on his return home, give an account of his expedition very 
much in the words of tbe poem, and tell that be bad 

"Steppit up to a etreite streght on bis gate. 
As (he) past on the payment the pepult behelile, 
Haden wonder of (him) and wilfulde desyra 
To knowB of (his) comyng and the canee wete, 
Of what centrS (he) come and the caase why. 
So faJro folke nppon fote was ferly to bb. 
Thai bowet to the hrode yate, or thai bide wold, 
And led (biro) furtho lyuely into a large halle, 
By leve of tbe Lord that the lond aght, 
Oaid up by a greee all of gray marbill. 
Into a chamber full choise (chefe) on there way, 
That proudly was ptunted with pure gold oner," 

The "gnde folke" at home wonld not only understand every word, 
" grese " periiaps not excepted, of this accoont taken or made up 
from the passage 301 — 372, but consider tbat the account was 
expressed in most appropriate hroad Scotch, tangbt hivn by " bom 
selvyne ; " and if told tbat tbia was South-Midland English, they 
would "thiepe," and with s "birr" too, that it was no more 
English than it was French or Gaelic. It must indeed he ad- 
mitted, however, tbat were the same orchin sufficiently advanced to 
be in Latin, and translating Cteaor into bis vernacular, he and they 
wonld as stoutly aver that be was turning his author into JEngliah, 
I question if a South-Midland peasant, or EngUsbman &r south of 
the Tyne, could even pronounce some of the wotds in this passage, 
and yet were I reading, more SeotHco, those lines and many other 
similar ones to a claas of boys or girls, able to write, in a parish 
school, I venture to say that I would "belyve" get them back, 
almost in the very guise or form in which they are "bievit" in 


our "Boke."^ And there are paesoges moreover, not a few, in 
irhich occur, irithin a Bhort epoce, several undeniably Scottish 
or Northern woids of peculiar meanings, atUl retained in use, and 
spelt, cnrioDsIj enough, almost exactly as now pronounced. So 
that, leoBoning accoiding to the mere doctrine of chancea, it may be 
concluded with certainty that so many could never have come 
together, or been used in their present connection, nnleea the author 
had been a Scotsman or Northnmbnan, to the manner bom. I may 
give here two or three such passages. 

" SteppU up to a streite, itregH on hi* gait" 351 

" Gate masons fall many, that mykuU fete eouthe} 1629 

Wise wrightis to taaU, werkjs to caste ; 
Qaariourt quseme, qnaint men of wit. 
Sone he raght vpon rowms, ndnpAe dj/iit." 
" Priam by parpoa a pales gtrt make, 1629 

Lonely and large to logga in bym aeloyD, 
Si]]] worthaly toroght and by wit caste, 
And enyn at hia ellyng Ylion was cald." 
" He throng ioto thicke wodei, theater witliin, 2362 

ffor tliornes and tres I tgnt him befyite. 
Than I sesit of my snt^ and sofUy tlotm Ught." 
" Iff tglaun tolce tetU what sbuld ^pd worth, 2462 

Of aede that ia aawen, by seayng of briddes, 
Sbnld neTer come for care be caste vppon erthe." 

There are scores of such passages, one of which, longer and more 
peculiarly note-worthy, will engage our attention further on. 

Bat the author of the Stately Poem, while, I believe, a Scota- 
m&n, was something more. Other passages still more remarkable 
and specially characteristic, describing the sea, its storms, and 
Toy^ing ; woodcraft, rural and silvan acenea ; \rar, its conflicts and 
bloody work ; courts, vith theii receptions and feastings ; councils, 
thrar deliberations and debates, &o., when translated or amplified 
from Guide de Colonna, show not only the skill of the poet, but are 
often hit off with an appropriate ease aaA deftness of hand that 
mark the experienced sailor, hunter, warrior, courtier, and statesmaiL 
The author, experto erede, if a landsman, muat have been at sea 

., CJooglc 

more than once, and out of Bigtt of land too, to describe, as he does, 
its Taried tempera and " ythes," with the doings of his sailors in fiiit 
weather and foul, and in " Schippes and Cogges little and hoge." 
And 80 too with his other pictures of " Weghes, knightes, kynges 
and other," yiith their doings. Not lees obviously certain is it that 
he had not only looked upon these aa a witness, but shared in tbem 
as an actor, and could say, 

" Eonim magna pars fui." 
Such passages, which are no mere poetical translations of Guido 
de Colonna's text, bat often paraphrases rather, and additions to it, 
are not positive proof of who the author of oar work was, but they 
indicate not obscurely what he must have been. They are not only 
not ineonsiBtent with the supposition tliat " JlTic/ioiene of the Aide 
Ryale" whom we believe to have been the author of the Stalely 
Poem, was " Tfui Gude Schir Heio of Eglintoun" mentioned .by 
iDunbar iu his Lament fur the Makaria, but they niaterially 
strengthen the presumption that he was. Sir Hugh of Eglintoun, 
from his connection by marriage with the royal family of Scotland, tlio 
substantial crown grants which he received, and the public services 
he rendered, was precisely the man whom we should expect to he 
named " of tlie AwU RyaU," and possessed of the ability, experience, 
and means to write, or cause to bo written, such a work as the Troy 
Book. We may here give from Dr Irving wliat wo know of him : — 

" When we ascertain that Sir Hugh Eglintoun was connected with 
tlie Scottish court in the Biicceasive reigns of David 11, and Robert 11., 
we seem to have obtained some additional evidence. He belonged to 
the distinguished family of Eglintoun of Eglintoun ; and as it appears 
probable that he was knighted when a young man in the year 13-12, we 
may perhaps venture to place his birth about the year 1320. During 
tbe Bummer of 1342, King David led a numerous army into Northumber- 
land, and ID the course of this expeditiou, he liberally distributed the 
honour of kuighthood : but tlio army was commanded by a monarch 
who possessed no share of his father's talents ; and some of the newly 
created knights, who endeavoured to approve their chivalry, having 
fallen into an ambuefa laid by Robert Ogle, five of their number, 
Stewart, Eglintoun, Boyd, Craigie, and Fullartdn, were taken prisouers. 
The Christian name of Eglintoun is not indeed mentioned; but from 
the time and the occasion it appears suESciently probable that this 
individual was the good Sir Hugh. We find him described as Justiciary 


of LotLian in the year 13C1 ; and ia 1367 ho was ooe of tlie commis- 
■ionera for negotiating a treaty with England, He mairied Egidia the 
half-eister of Rohert II. ■. slie waa the widow of Sir James Lindsay of 
CrawroTd, who died about the year 1357. Sir Hugh Gglintoun is sup- 
posed to have died Booa after the year 1376. His daughter Elizabeth, 
who inherited his numerous and extensive estates, became the wifn of 
John Montgomery of Eglisham, ancestor of the noble family of Eglin- 

The passages, to which we have alreadjr teferred, were noticed and 
pointed out to me by the transcriber while still engaged is his work 
of copying, and when casting about for the author of the Stately 
Poem, these, with the pecnliar oft-i«curring phraseology of the MS., 
Tocalled to his memory the similar descriptions and phraseology of the 
Morte Arthurs, printed by the Society, vhich ho had recently read, 
I had only cnisorily and silently read some portions of this, when it 
appeared, without noticing anything remarkable, the somewhat florid 
spelling having concealed its real nature, and much that, on closer 
examination, was obvious enough. As Jock Jabos said, " There was 
oae missing it, ance ane was set to look for t." 

On treating the Morte Arthure in the same way as our proofs 
had been, that is, on reading portions of it aloud, and pronouncing 
them more Seottieo, as the spelling seemed to direct, it was just as 
plain OS it had been in the case of the Stately Poem, that the 
language was truly Scottish or Northern. This was manifest not 
only in single words, but ia expressions, which seem to have been 
indigen&iu, and ore yet native to Scotland. On closer examination, 
the truth of this was still more manifest by the idiomatic precision and 
correctness with which the various particles, such as ajtd or an, »cn or 
ain, ayne or seyne, aytJien, Uke, ilke a and ilkaiie, hot and or, with their 

' From 1348 to 1375, the name of Sir Hugh Eg1[ntoun frequently occurs 
Id tlie Accounts of the Great Chamtierlama of Scotland. On three different 
oocaiiona he appean among the Auditors of Blchequer (toI. ii. pp. 19, 46, 76). 
Besides the entries relating to payments of the annual sum due to bis lady 
from lbs euatoms of Dundee, we find various others relating both to h[g puhlio 
and private tiansaotionB (vol. i. pp. 289, 360, 374 ; vol. ii. pp. ET, E8, 62, SO, 
84). From 1358 to 1369, Eglintoun paid frequent visits to England, ss appears 
from the safe condacta reoorded in the Ratuli ScoUae, vol. i. pp. S23, 683, 
873, 8T6, 893, 917, 9&2. Under the date of 1367, be is one of the parties in an 
indeature for preserving the peace of the Scottish and English marehes. His 
name very frequently occurs in the Begittrum Magni SigiUi Stgum Seotanua, 
printed in 18U. 

TROT. 6 

) by Google 

different meanings, or, aTe,f<n-hy, helyva, til, gif, &c, were conjoined 
with their respective appropriate words or expressions, proving satis- 
factorily that none but a Scotsman, oi one using the same language, 
could have written or used them as they stand. And then when 
once we have got into the way of the spelling and pronounced 
accordingly, the nationality of the work cornea out still more forcibly. 
There are portions which Allan Eamsay or Eobert Bums might 
have written, and bits which oor Scottish lada and lassee of the 
present day might lilt. The spelling, indeed, is not quite uniform, 
but veiy many of the words are spelt as in Barbour's Bruee^ Wyn- 
town's Cronykil, and Henry's Wallaee, and if the rest were stripped 
of the redundant letters attached to them by E, Thornton or other 
previous transcribers, and the lines divided as in the original MS., 
it would be difficult indeed, if not impossible, to point out the differ- 
ence between the Scottish of the Bruce and the so-called soutii-of- 
Tweed English dialect of the Marte Arihure. Or, what is the same 
thing, if the latter were composed by an English author, and written 
in the Ejtglieh spoken and written south of the Tweed, then it wae not 
a dialed, for it must have been the sarcie language as that spoken and 
written as far north as the Grampians, if not further. Mere spell- 
ing, if words are indiOerent, I hold, — and every one, however little 
conversant with manuscripts, will soon be convinced of the same 
thing, — is and must be a very unsafe criterion not only of their 
language, but of their authorship. So long as the literary pro- 
ductions of England or Scotland were tionfined to writing alone, and 
especially while the language of both countries was in a transition 
state, there was, and there could be, no exact or uniform system of 
spelling of the language of either. The same may be af&rmed of all 
the languages, Komance and other, employed for literary purposes 
during the Middle Ages. Each author followed his own system, if 
he had one, and each transcriber followed his ; or, at most, each 
Scriptorium might issue works that were in some decree uniform. 
As well shown by Mons. Joly, just in proportion aa an author's 

' Not a few of the words of the poem, ntth their meanlDgs and spellings, 
ooineideremarkably with those met with in the volumes of the Ssrjh lUeerd* 
qf the aty nf Edinburgh, reoeotly printed. These Beoords b^in with the 
CArijr part of the lEth oentarj'. 

) by Google 

voik was popular, and it was often copied, would it, in. procuss of 
transcription, bave leas and less of his ongiiiikl impress or spelling, 
and the language in consequence would come to be very mucli dis- 
guised ; but the vorde Utemselves, aa I shall have occasion further on 
to show, often wonderfullj kept their ground. 

In the Morte Artkure, on running one's eye over the p^es, 
many words of spellii^, little, if at all, removed &otn thoir ancient 
and present pronunciation, arrest the att«ntion, such as 

1% besekes, atde (auld), bathe, noghte, tak, leeker (aiccar), faviU, 
ZatmdM, amgku (owed), dynte, ynowe, ynoghe, aUea (as), rogh, ragh, gal, 
tnldt, Sonmdaye, Manondaye, Tyuday, Seterday, fra, wan, natu, ana, 
apo«e (upon), glared (glowred), offore (before), than, withouitsne, m, or, 
Imae, naat, ding, rynnea (runs), bygede, &c, &<i.^ 

And then of idiomatic words and phrases, still in general use, to be 
found in every pa^e of Morte Artkure, what more expiessive or 
better calculated to prove its Northern or Scottish origin than 

Biuh, Bield, bj/de, douglU^, btfie, won the gret, on the bente, in the 
moldei, grippe, gird, graytke, toechei and loarloMi, elieil or attel, reke, 
eleica, erU$, mog», hethan, Jorhs, ferde, iheltrom, threpe, /ey or fay, dede 
IkraiD, ding to dede, &<s. Ac, 

Of these and a great many more that we have marked, not a few 
do not appear in the Glossary* at all, while of others, the meanings 
are only guessed at, or mistaken aJtogethei, and yet they are quite 
common at this day, and racy of the Scottish soiL We may give 
examples : 

I . The very first word that caught my attention, as a well-known 
and common one, was furelyienede In the pass^e in which Sir 
CadoT of Ckimewayle says of himself and fellow knights of the 
Sound Table, 

" We hafe as losels liffyde many longs day, 252 

Wytb delyttes in this land with lordchippez many, 
KoA foretgtmede the loos that we are layttede." 

' Of conrae, Tery many of these and following words are to be found In 
Hampole and other Northem anthora ; but that, U it doee not make for what 
we contend, aertalDl]> does not make againBt It. 

' Since this was writtsn, In 1870, a sueond edition of thia work has 
appeared, nnder the oare of Mr Brock. The GloflSary has been entirely re- 
written, and, with the hdp of the Ber. W. W. Skeat, ia now a model of what 
(ma (hoold be. 

) by Google 

On turning to the Glo&sar7, out of mere cnrioBity to see the 
meaning given there for /areli/tenede,^ I found " decreased," a mis- 
take, frhich the author of the Glossary might have avoided, as for- 
lete occurs in Chaucer. Forlete, /orleit, forliet, or forlyte, in Scot^ 
land, is need to eignify to forget, or rather to foisoke. " We have 
lived long as wretched caitiffs, and forsaken the glory that we 
formerly, or but lately, regarded, or sought." 

2. The three "halefulle birdez," in attendance upon the giant 

attacked by Arthur, „ l- u l ^v * inon 

"his brochez they tome, 1029 

That byddez his bedgatt his byddynge to wyrcbe." 

Of "byddez his bedgatt" a conjectured meaning is given in the 
Glossary — " Are his bedfellows " ! ! But pronounce the line more 
Seotiko, and the meaning is obvioua enough : 

" That bide, (or wait on him till) his bed-going or bed-getting, to 
wort, or do his bidding." And here, by-the-bye, the word "gate," 
meaning way, is always moat corractly used in the Morte Aiikura 
and Geete Hyatoriale, precisely as at the present day in Scot- 
land, in such phiasea as, " of hie gate," " on his gate," " ony gate," 
" a gate," &c. 

3. At Une 1041 we are told of Arthur that 

" To the SMore of the reke he aoghte at the gayneste." 

■\Vliile "sowre" is not noticed in the Glossaiy at all, "reke," we 
are informed, means a "path." If "the sure of the sonne" means 
" the rising or eoaring of the sun," then " the sowre of the reke " 
will mean " the rising of the path," — a mistake which no Scotsman 

' Forelytenede, if not "mendit," I regard ai luiother, and perhaps older 
form of what at a later period appeared taferlUted and forieited. " OUiera 
were for declaring that Uie king hai /orlieled the kingdom." — Life of Sir G. 
HackeDiie, Workt, I. xiiij. " Wee Bstceme theee desolate aod foreieiUd 
places to be full of foule spirits." — Forbes on the Bevtlation, p. ISl. There 
vrero very likely two forms of the vflrb, as in the oaae of gloppe, gleppen, 
mak^n, &o. Mr Skeat cODBiders tha verb in the text to be derived from Ijft, 
and asBumea an A.S. verb forlyt-n-iajt. Tliere may have been such a vert>, 
but I hardly think that tlie author would have written ttiat these "loseilB" 
had " deoTMsed," or lessened the glory or reputation wMch the; onlj Bought^ 
and which was not yet tlieirt ; whereas it was very oatuntl to say that they 
had forsaken, or left <^ tlie pnnuit of It. "iJlliaffde Godd forrlaetenn." — 

) by Google 

would mftke. Why, "reke," or "reek," means mnoke, wlience 
"Auld reekie," the common name for Edinbargli ; and in tlie passage 
1>efore ns, ^rthar hied him to " the rising of the amoke," of the fire, 
to wit, to which he had been directed hj the "wery wafulle 
wedowe," and at which the giant "bekez his bakke," &c., all 
" brekleeee," like a very Highlander as he was. And here I may 
lenutik that in presence of a crowd of weans such ae — 

" I sappoa, qnha than walde eeke 
Araang thaim all wee noncht a breke," 

a Jock JaboB of the present day, and in the neighbouring street, 
might speak of a horse aa Arthur did of Sir Fererre, 

"Then wills be flayede for a flye that one thy fleache lyghttes," 
and not one " SrekUsse " loon within his hearing would miss his 
meaning, or for a mom^it dream that an English ostler, Yorkshire 
or Midland, was T"i*li'"g remarks about kis " obs." 

4. At line 2542 we have "one lyarde stedea," and ^ain at line 
3281 we read— 

. " The lokkea lyank and longe the lenghe of a jerde." 
Jn the Glossary the last is explained " disordered." The word occurs 
in Chancer as lyard, and the meaning is given — " a grey horse." As 
hjart, the word is given by Henrysone thus, — " lyart lokis heir," 
which expluns itself; and few know not the line of Burns — ' 
" Hie lyart haSets wearing thin and bare." 

5. "Wlien the Boman envoys, glowred at by Arthur, 

" nischte to the erthe 
ffor (the) ferdDeaae of bis face, as tbey fey were," 

they were not dead, as the Glossary tells ; nor were the Britons 
dead, whom Arthur encourages his followers to fight fiercely, telling 
them, " fellis downe yone feye folke." Arthur himself was not by 
any means dead when the " wery wafulle wedowe " warned him 
against the giant, saying, "Thou arte fay, be my faithe;" and, in 
fine, be was not yet dead when, mortally wounded after the tiaitor 
Mord red's death, 

" In 'aye, aays the/<y« kynge, sore me fore thynkkea." 

, Google 

la all these poesagea fey, pronounced, I doubt not, witli a 
diphthongal sound which now onl; a Scotsman can give, has 
the Bame meaning, modilied in each case, aa it still has in this 
country — mad, deatk-doomed, or fiend poMetaed before death. Sir 
"Walter Scott, in Ouy Mcmnering, at once uses the word, though not 
spelt as naual, and explains its meaning in the passage regarding the 
unfortunate Gaogar, Eleimed;, when excited by the combat between 
the sloop of war and the smuggling lugger, joflt before he hurried to 

" ' I think,' said the old gardener to one of the maids, ' the 
ganger's fie,' by which word the common people express those violent 
spirits which they think a presage of death." The passage in Morie 
Arihure describing the last mad and fatal onset of Sur Gawan, while 
oontaining the word, also explains and most exactly exempMcs its 
meaning -. 

"Thare mighte no rente hjni areste, his Tcaone was passede! 
He Telle in a franeye for feiseaess of herte, 
He feghttiB and fellis dowoe that byine before etandisi 
ffelle never /aya mane siche fortuDs in ertbe." 8lo, 

And here, by the way, if the " Great Unknown " bad not acknow- 
ledged his works, and we had been called upon to seek oat an 
author for this novel from which we have just quoted, and bring 
home to the " Makkor " his handiwork, surely it would not be &om 
the spelling of such words as " £e," &c., as given by him, but from 
the words thomselTes, and the way in which they were used by the 
characters, that we would seek to prove its nationality. What 
Englishman fai south of the Tweed, what Irishman or Welchman, 
could write the racy Scottish language as Meg Merrilies and Daudie 
Dinmont are made to speak itt Ay, or understand and pronounco 
all their truly characteristic expressions, somewhat diluted though 
they occasionally are by the author? In my tirae, at home, in the 
colonies, and in America, I have often heard Englishmen and others 
attempt to pronounce such expressions as the following, but the 
Lowland vowel, diphthongal, and guttural sounds bafSed their vocal 
powers, and a somewhat laughable " claiver," in Scottish ears, was 
generally the result : — 

) by Google 

"nifl blanker that's biggit the bonnie lioiue down in the Iiowm, 
Nane o' oar fowk wad stir yaor genr." 

" Sign wi' cioea, and sain wi' maes. 
Keep the houe free reif and wear." 

" What do yon.glower after our folk for ? " 

"' Te maim come hanie, air — for my ladj'a in the dead-thraw.' 
Bepeatiog the word^ ' in the dead-thraw 1 ' be only aaid, ' Wife and 
bairn, baith — mother and eon, baith- — Bair, gair to abide,' " 

"Hegclaughtthe baim anddenljout of the ganger's annB — and then 
lie rampauged and draw hia Bword — for je ken a fie man and a coBser 
fears na the deil. So, sir, she grippit him, and clodded him like a 
■taae from the sling ower the craigs of Warrochhead." 

" We'll ding Jocb o' DbwhIdd Cleugh now after a' " 

" He was to have a weaiy weird o't, till bia ane-and-twentieth year. 
1 kenn'd he behoved to drie hia weird till that da; cam." 

"J'U lak the gate — je tnaanna apier what for" — "It wag a bljitlie 
bit ance ! " said Heg. " There was an auld saugh trae that's maiat 
blawn down, and it bangs ower the bit bnm — mony a day has I 
wroght my stocking and eat on my sunkie under that saugh." > 

Now strange to say, every one of these extracts haa its precisely 
Bimilai parallel passage or countetfeit ezpreasions in the Aforle 
Artkure and Geele HyHoriale. Kay, more, the parallel passages are, 
in some instances, more than once repeated, and the expressioas 
varied with marrelloUB precision, just as used in Scotland at the 
present day. And then in sach proper names as Deracleuch, Byde- 
the-bent, Cleiknm Inn, &c., of Sir Walter Scott, which are character- 
istic and Scottish, if ever words were or are, we have compounds the 
simple words or elementa of which are to be met with in many p^;es 
of both poems. There ia a difference, of course, in the spelling, 
especially in the case of the Morte Arthure, but this difference ia 
often more apparent than real, owing to the final and other e's which 
UB moet profosely and often perhaps unnecessarily expended orer 
the latter. 

On looking over the Glossary appended to Tlie Heart of Mid- 
lothian, as just issued in the centenary edition of Sir Walter Scott's 
vorka, I find upwards of fifty words, every one of which may be 

' A oarloos corroboration of the truOi of our remark ooonrred in the set- 
ting-np of theae very lentences. In the firet proof sent for correction there 
w«re ntore miat^ee in the spelling of them than hi all the preface btsidea. 


repeatedly found idiomatically used io the Morte Arthurs and Getfe 
HydoriaU. In tbo Glossary attached to the Bride of Lammermnir 
there are upwards of sisty similar words ; while on looking over the 
pages of the latter I find that I could very largely add to the 
number — the compiler of the Glossary, douhtless a Scotsman, having 
passed over seYeral to which he was so accustomed as to forget that 
they were peculiar and Scottish. 

In the volume entitled Syr Gawayiie, containing a collection of 
ancient Romance poems by Scottish and English authors, edited by 
Sir F, Madden for the Bannatyne Club, 1839, the editor discussee at 
some length the questions respecting the age, the author, &c., of Syr 
Oammjne and the Grene Knight. His remarks have a most 
important bearing upon the authorship not only of that poem and 
the Morte Arthure, but also upon that of the Qeste Hyitonah, 
now printed for the first time by the £. K T. Society. 

"Tliis curious poem is printed for the first time from a mauuscript, 
believed to be unique, preserved in the Cottooian collection, and marked 
Nero, A. x." " It will not be difficult from a careful inspection of the 
manuscript itself, botli in regard to the writing and illuminations, to 
a^BJgn it to the reign of Bichard II. ; and the interaal evidence, arising 
from the peculiarities or costume, armour, and architecture, would lead 
us to aasign the romance to the same period, or a little earlier. There 
are three other metrical pieces in the volume, all most unquestionably 
composed by the author of the romance, and these I have carefully read 
over with the hope of detecting' some more direct indication of Uie age, 
but without auiiceaa." " In regard to tlie author of these poems much 
uncertainty also exists. There is HulHeient internal evideuce of their 
being- Northern, although the manuacript containing tliera appean to 
have been written by a scribe of the Midland counties, which will 
account for the introduction of forms differing from those used by writers 
beyond tlie Tweed, 

" It ia, I think, certain, that the writer of the romance must have 
been a man of birth and education, for none but a person intimately 
versed in the gentle science of woih-craft could so minutely describe the 
various sports of the chase, nor could any but an educated individual 
have been so well acquainted with the early French literature. Of his 
poetical talent the pieces contained in the MS, afibrd unquestionable 
proof, and the descriptions of the clisnge of the acaaonB, the bitter aspect 
of winter, the tempest which preceded the destruction of Sodom and 
Qomorra, and the sca-slorm occasioned by the wickedueas of Jonas, are 
equal to any similar passages in Douglas or Spenser. The indivi-luel, 


who haa the best claim to be recognised as the anthor, is ' Suehmme of 
the AwU Mgah,' meationed bf Wyntown,' who writes of him thus : 

.... 'Men of gud dyscretyowne 

Suld excDse and loue Hucbowue, 

Tbat cvnoand wee in literature ; 

He made the Grel Gat of Arlhure, 

And the Awntyrb of Gawax, 

The Pyaiil ala of Sioele Swtane. 

He tBta cuTymt in hy» ttyle, 

Fayre orfacund, sod aubtile, 

And aj to plesane and deljte 

Made in metyre mete hie dyte.' ^ 
"Mr Chatmers waa of opinion tliat this HucliowneandtheiSCr Hugk 
of Eglintoun, mentioned by Dnnbar in his Lamml for the Makkarit, 
wlio flourished in the middle of the 14th century, and died, it is supposed, 
about the year 1381, were one and the same person ; but there are so 
many difficaUies in tliis Bupposition, as justly to prevent out yielding 
assent to it without soma additional evidence.^ Admitting, however, 
Uuchowne to be the author of tho romance,* we are singularly fortunate 
In possessing probably all tho pieces written by him noticed by Wyn- 
town, together with those others on allegorical or scriptural subjects, 
hitherto not pointed out. It is very evident on the chronicler's au- 
thority, that the Grel Gul of Arthure, the Gest Hy»loryale and the Ge»l 
<f Broyttyt AvM Story are one and the same poem, and relate to the 
exploits of Arthur and liis knights against the Romans. In this work 
Hnchowne makes Luciut Hibtrlut emperor, in the time of Arthur, 
whereas Wyntown, fullowing otiier authoritios, names Leo as emperor. 
He first defends himself, and then good-naturedly ezouaes his pre- 
decessor, by saying that in the Bnele (l)y which he here means Geoffrey 
o(Monmoalh) Lucius is called Procurator, which was more correct, but 
that if Hnchowne bad done so, 

'That had mare grcoyd the cadens, 

Than had releuyd the sen tens.' 

' Wyntown was elected prior of St Serre in Lochleven, in 1396, so that he 
must have been contemporary with Huchowne, His chronicle was not finiahcd 
till the year 1420—1*24. 

■ Crmykil of Seotiand, vol. i. p. 122, ed. Macphenon, 1796. 

' 8ee the notices of thU Sir HngL collected ia the admirable editioa of 
Donbar'B Foenu by Hr Luing, vol. ii. 35S ; and his remarke, vol. i. p. 38. 
Consult also the Select Bcmaint of the Popular Poetry of Scotland, pref. to 
I^tt'd of Sumji, 4to, 1822 ; Lyndtay'i Workt, b; Chalmers, vol. i. p. 132, note, 
Svo, 1806 ; and Ts-Uer's Hittory of Scotland, vol. ii. p. S6T, 8vo, 1829. 

* Ur Guest regards as the most decisive proof of wbat is here assumed, the 
fact, that in the void space at Ihe head of the poem in the MS., a hand of tho 
ISth century (Ur O, says, " not much later than the year 1600,") has scribbled 
the name Stijo de, aa shown in the facsimile annexed to the description of this 
MS., but, I confftu, to this I do not attach much weight.— Sir F. it. 


"Hod Sir Walter Scott ever read tbrongli t\te Ar&ow and Marlin of 
the Anohinleck US. ha would have knowa that it could nat be the Gttt 
referred to ia the above passage hj Wyatowa ; and Mr Turobull, tbe 
editor of this romance, is leaa excuaable on this acconnt in repeating 
the error without correction. Bnt of what, in all probabilitj, U the 
veritable Ottt of Arlkure compoaed b^r Huobowne, and written in alliter- 
ative metre, I posaeea a transcript, from a H3. in Lincoln Cathedral 
Librai7, which may, probably, at BOtne future period be given to tbe press." 

This MS. — tlie Morte Arthurs — was first printed by Mr EalliweU, 
in the year 1817, and again b; the Society in 1865, edited by Mr 
Perry, who, on the authority of Dr B. Morris, asserted it to be not 
Scottish, bat composed in one of the Korthumbrian dialects spoken 
south of the Tweed. And upon the same anthoiity, tbe Statdy 
Poem of Hi6 Destruction of Troy bas been pronounced, in one of the 
Society's Eeporta, to be the work of an English writer of the Midland 

The sufficient inUnud evidence to which Sir F. Madden refere, an 
proving the Tiorthem origin of Sir Gawan, of the three metrical 
pieces referred to on page xxiv, and, doubtless, also of the Morte 
A}ihure, must mean the words, expressions, or language of the poems, 
as distinguished &om tbe mere spelling, or peculiaritieB of form, 
which, in his estiniation, can only indicate the transcribers or 
copyists of the M8S. 

The latter — tbe spelling and external forms in a MS. — the pro- 
duction or handiwork of one, or it may be of several transcribers, as 
we have already remarked, may point out or prove the country and 
perhaps even the county of the last transcriber ; but unless they 
are component parts of, or inseparably connected with, the words or 
expressions themselves, they are and must be no very stroi^ founda- 
tion on which to rest the proof as to the real source of the language 
and the authorahip of a work. And yet it is upon the ground of 
the spelling and external forms of the words, mainly or wholly, that 
it has been contended that the Morte Arthure is If orthumbrian and 
Midland, and that tbe Stately Poem is Uidland, withoat the 

It may be more than doubted that we have yet a sufficiency of 
MSS., and especially a sufficient number of examples of each work. 


printed or accessible, to furnish tlie external tonus and reliable 
criteria by which alone, and without other evidence, we may de- 
tennine otherwiae than generally the authorship and localities of oui 
unnamed, or unknown, early Engliah literature. That the words, 
langoage, or vocabulary, of unknown works, alone and irrespective 
of other internal evidence, do not in all cases form a perfectly safe 
guide either, must be at once admitted. When words, however, are 
combined into phrases and compound expressions, the ground 
becomes firmer. Much has been done with Glossaries, but very 
much more must be accomplished before we can draw out a list of 
test words, the presence of which will enable us to define the exact 
limits within which a work was originally produced. But although 
it may be difficult, or even impossible, to compile such a list at pro- 
sent, if ever, yet it wonld be quite possible from the works of 
Barbour, Henry, Wyntown, Bellenden, and other early Scottish 
writers, to produce a list of words and phrases, the absence of which 
from any work, or the expression of their meaning by other and 
Sonthem words, would conclusively prove that it could not be 
Scottish, whatever else it might be. Such a negative test, if we 
may call it so, both the Morie Arthvre and the Statdg Poem, wo 
are satisfied, can stand. 

The writer of this, in the course of his investigations in connec- 
tion with the present poem, has examined personally or by deputy 
several MSS., or versions of Guido de Colonno, and of Lydgate's 
Troy Book, and has had many portions of these transcribed for 
reference and comparison. Amongst others he baa had transcribed 
several passages from Douce MS. 148, one very long one, containing 
Lydgate's account of the rebuilding of Troy by Priam. This MS., 
like that in the Cambridge University Library, Kk. 5. 30, was the 
transcript of a Scottish writer who tells ns at the conclusion, 

Stir endit yt tege of Troye imfien and mendll at ye Irulance of ane 
kouorahU chaplaru Ser Tkomat etoyn in Edinburgh. 

Ifow from these long passages of about 400 lines, did we not 
know whose work the MS. was, we could very easily produce from 
tbe spellings anil peculiar forms — from such words as thai, ihar, 
iliaim, quAat, qnhllk, quhom, qvhar, qukylome, thir, war eaUit, mak. 

:ec by Google 

couUi, ticht, erukit, fer4 (fourtli), text, ttraike, am, ayre, polj/st, 
chdkker, has ordanyt, for ' hath ordeyned," one rates, for ' a rowe,' &c. ; 
and especiaUy front such lines aa 

" For thir pepill deetroyit war certane,"— 

" Cosyng lasoD tak hed« qahat I sail aayue ; " — 

" Beayd aae holt, he saw quhar etude aoe tre ; " — 

occurring in ttiem — an amount of evidence to prove tliat portions of 
it were originally written by a Scottish author, quite as complete 
and sufQcient as may be advanced to prove that the Aforte Arihure 
is Northumbrian and Midland, and that the Staidy Poem is Midland. 
Had a second 'honorable chaplane' taken the MS. in hand, and 
especially bad it been written to dictation, as our Poem evidently 
has been, the remaining portions in which Sei Thomas Ewyn was 
more faithful to hia copy, and which in consequence are manifestly 
English, would have been thoroughly " mendit,"t and all obvious 
traces of its Southern origin removed, such as en from the infinitives, 
y from the perfect participles, &c. And yet upon comparing these 
Axtracta with the parallel passages in the printed version of Lydgal« 
executed by Marah, it is remarkable to find, among all the changes 
of spelling, &c., how few words, if any, have been changed for 
others by the Scottish transcriber. The first word that I noticed, 
aa quite different from that in Marah, was ythakkede, which, from its 
form and. from its occurring in a portion apparently untouched, I 
am of opinion ia Lydgat«'s original word — Uie change to covered 
having taken place in the modernized version. Had the MS. been 
again transcribod, it would have probably become ikdkked, and if 
written to dictation, either thekyd or Iheikldt, as respectively in 
Wyntown and Bellenden.^ The passages from both, in which the 
change has been made, are as follow : 

" lien to wolken to-gidder, tweyn and tweyn, 
To kepe hem dry, when jti it dyde reyn, 
Or hem to save from tempest, wynde or tbondre. 
If yat hem lest to achroude hemself ysr wndre, 
And eneryohe house ythakkede was witht lede." Ais. 

Douee ifSS. US. 


PREFACE. zxix 

"Men to waike togitbera, twaine and twaiDS, 
To kepe them drye when it bapped to rayne, 
Or tbem to save fro tempest, wiDde or thuiidre, 
If that tbam lytt scbroude them aelfe there uiider. 
And every bowse covered waa with lead." &a. — Marth, 1555. 

Two 01 three othei differences were foundj npon a second and 
cloaet examination, but with respect to tlieee, one only excepted, it 
would be difficult to say on 'which side tbe change had taken plac& 
In the case of that one, aahaped, stunned, as in Marsh, it is evident 
that the transcriber's 

" Copie, auld, mankit and mutUlait," 
bad fuled him, and he made no bad guess in ay teepU, still wept, 
which he supplied. It may be a question whether another, BalaUede, 
in the Donee MS., is the original word or changed. It is brelexed 
in Marsh. Another, engina, in Douce, is most likely the original 
word, which in Marsh has lieen changed oi glossed into great gonnes. 
One word alone may have been intentionally changed in the case of 
' yates of ^etten binsse ', molten or fused brass, which in Marsh are 
'gates of s/iining brass.' The word occurs in Douglas as yelt and 
jyi; but it is also in the Ormulum, 17418. It occurs as yettingia 
aas poem, 1 8175; and 'yetUn of the gun' occurs in the Royal 
Chamberlain's Accounts, Scotland. 

By some, Hiichowne of the Awle Ryale may be considered only 
a myth or ghostly shade, while coolly appropriated as an English 
poet by others ; although Wyntown designates him so as evidently 
to be recognized by his fellow countrymen and contamporary 
readers, and he eulogizes and defends his writings with an affection- 
ate warmth and zeal by no means natural towards a Southron. 
Lydgate is not a myth, however ; while most of the works ascribed 
to him, and especially his well-known Troy Book, are no myths 
either. Of the latter we know of fire different M8S., from all of 
which we have various extracts, and there are scores of others ; 
while, in addition, there are two printed versions of the work, viz. 
those of Pynson and Marsh. There can be no doubt, then, of the 
solidity of our ground here, and, reasoning from tbe known to the 
unknown, may we not conclude that what has taken placq in tMs 


case, in tlio trtmscriptlon of an English work into tlie Scottish form 
or dress, will not be yeij unlike what would take place, were the 
order reversed, in the trauacriptioa of a Scottish work into the 
English form or diesat Here we know our author, we know hja 
language, and we see what changes a Scottish tnnscriber makes 
in tiie expieeaion of it. Sow, if so very few words be changed, 
if changed they be, wiUi one exception, in auch a lengthened 
specimen, may we not conclude that, in the case of a Scottish 
author's work transcribed by an Englishman or by Engliahmen, 
there would be similar stability, so to speak, in its wording or 
. language, whatever became of the spelling or external forme t If 
BO, then we are warranted in concluding from the many undeni- 
able Scottish words, &c, in the Morte Artkure, that it is the work of 
a Scottish man whose language has been externally disguised some- 
what in spelling, or changed, if you will, by Midland fonns, but 
which, for all that, still remains substantially the language of its 
original author. In this connection, we may give in an appendix 
five or six specimens, which will bear out our contention most 

We return, however, to the remarks of Sir F. Madden, After a 
Tory careful and repeated examination of the passage in Wyntown 
from which he quotes, we are more and more convinced of the correct- 
nesa of his opinion, and that the Morte Arthure, copied by Thornton, 
and printed by the Society, is the Gret Gest of Arthure, the Gest Hye- 
toriale and the Gest of Broyttys Avid Story, to which Wyntown was 
expressly alluding aa the work of Huekovme of the Awle Ryale. The 
passage in Wyntown, Lib. V. cap. xii. L 251 — 362, thus begins : 
"And quben this Leo was Bmperowre, 

Kyng of Brettane wee Arthowre, 

TTiat wan all Frawns, and Lumbardy, 

Gyane, Qaskoyn, aud Normandy, 

Burgoyne, Flawndrys, and Braband, 

Henawnd, Holand, and Gotland, 

Swes, Swethryk, and Norway, 

Denmark, Irland, and Orkuay, 

) by Google 

And all the II7B in the Se 
Subject ware to liis Powste : " &c. 

There can be veiy little questJon that, when composing these lines, 
Wyntown had before him the following passage of the Morte Arthure, 
L 26—17. 

"Qwena that the kyn^ Arthnre bf conqaesta hade wowifne 
Caatellea and kyngdoms and contreei many, 
And be had coverede the coroane of the kjih lyche 
Of alls tbat Uter in erthe anghte in his tyme, 
Orgayle and Orkenay, and alia this owte iles, 
Iralanda nttirly, as ocoyane lynuys ; 
Scatbylle Scottlande by skylle heakyAyH as hym lykyi, 
And Wales of were he wane at bys wille, 
Bathe Saondrez and firaanca fre til hym selvyne ; 
Eolaand and Henswda tbey belde of hyme botba, 
Borgayne snd Brabane, and Bratayne the leeee, 
Gyane and Qothelande, and Orece the rjche. 

He was piyace holdyna, 

. .'K)rNBverne and Norwaya, and Normaandye eke, 
Of Almayne, of Eatricbo, and Other ynowe ; 
Demaarke he dryesede alle by drede of hym selvyne, 
Fra Swynne nnlo Sw ether- wyke, with hia swerda kene." 

It will be observed that, with one exception, and that moie apparent 
tbAii real, all the countries, provinces, &e., mentioned by Wyntown, 
occur in the Morte Arthure, and in such order or curious conjunction, 
that it is impossible this could have happened by chance or mere 
coincidence. The one passage must have been compiled from the 
other. Then follows mention by Wyntown of "The hawtona 
message til Arthoro send, that wiythyn in the Brwte ia kend." 

The passage in the Mtrrte Arthure, I 78, Ac., in which the 
embassy of the Senator of Bome is described, was as certainly befora 
Wyntown when he thus alluded to it in hia chronicla It ia in this 
passage tbat we meet with the line, 

" Sir Lucius Iberias, the Emperour of Roma " — 
which Wyntown made tlie text of the defence of his own " cunnaiid- 
ness," or accurate learning, and of the defence, not excuse, of 
Hucbovne'a " snthfaetness " 01 historical fidelity. 

" Had ha cald Lucyus procuratnre, 
Qabare that ha cald hym Emperwre, 



That bad mare grevjd tlie cailene, 
Tban had relevyd the aentens. 
Ads Gmperoure in propyrt^ 
A comawndoure Buld cailjd be : 
LiicyuH Ewylk myctit heve bene kend 
Be the message tbat be Bend." 

The old chronicler dofenda the propriety of this deaignation of 
LucioB as Emperor manifestly upon, the ground that Imperator 
ori^nally meant supreme leader, commander, oi general of the Roman 
army, and even when the name was home by the Ciesare and their 
auccesaors, as Supreme Bulera of the Boman Empire, it continued to 
include this ita original meaning, as refeiniig to the most important 
of their powers and functions. In other words, Huchowne, according 
to Wyntown, applied the term Emperor to Lucius, aa the best Eng- 
lish equivalent of Imperator, and intended that it ahoiild have, not 
so much ita later compound meaning of supreme magistrate and 
leader, as ita aimple original one of General Or, if both functions 
of m^strate and general were to be included, then, in his case, most 
of the latter waa indicated- Accordingly Wyntown saye, "Ane 
Emperoure in propyrt^ a Commawndoure auld callyd be." &c. 

In connection with this designation of Lucios as emperor by 

Huchowne, and Wyntown's defence of ita propriety, it is most 

important to remark, that in the Desfruclion of Troy, when the 

Greeks " walit hom" — choae Agamemnon aa their leader, 1. 3670, 

" Thai ordaot hym Emperoure by opyn assent," 

Almost invariably thereafter in the poem he is designated 
"Emperor." When he reeigna, 8927 — 8950, and Palamedea ia 
chosen in his atead, in like manner, 

" FalomydoD for prise the pert kjnges toke, 
And ordant hym Emperour by oppyn aaaetit, 
Tbe est for to honour, and agh hym as lord." 

At the death of Palamedea, slain hy Paris with a poisoned arrow, 
the Greek lords again 

"Grauntid Agamyoon the gre for to have, 
Ches bym for chieftain & cbargit hym therwith," 

And when again spoken of by title, he is designated, as before, 

DD.:ea by Google 

" Emperouie," 979S. Thia almoBt inTariable use of the term on the 
part of our author is not, and cannot be, a mere coincidence only, 
la not this an undesigned proof that be and Hucbowne are one and 
the same person i May not Wyntown, when defending Huchowne 
for hie use of the term in the case of Lucius, have been wetl 
acquainted vith our larger poem and its author, and so, with a 
most ^gniiicant meaning and authority, have written, 
** Ane Emporonr io propyrtd 
A CommawndoDre- suld callyd be " ? 

The renuuning portion of the passage in Wyntown that we have 
been disoossing is mainly a general view or summary of contents of 
Hnchowne's Grei Gest, concluding with Mordred's treason, Arthur's 
mortal wound, and the appointment and succession of Schyr Con- 
stantine, "hys awyne cusyne," as "king of Brettone hale." This 
enmrnary, in the order of events, their conclusion, &c, remarkably 
coincides with the matteia treated of in the Morte Arthurs. Indeed, 
the whole pass^e I regard as just one continuous and convincing 
proof that the Morte Arlhure of Thornton is the Orel Gest of 
Arthur. Wyntown, in this passage, begins at the same point and in 
the same way, and goes over the same ground as the Morte Arthurs ; 
he describes and criticizes the work, characterizes the author and bla 
«tyle in aueh a manner, and gives so accurate an idea of the whole, 
that I qnestion if it would he easy or possible to produce a review, 
of the same compass or bulk, from our modem periodical press, that 
would be equally comprehensive, or that with equal effect would 
describe a work and equal correctness designate its author. 

To conclude, the abundant Internal evidence furnished by the 
language of the Morte Atihure, joined to that which we may gather 
from the passage of Wyntown, makes up a body of proof as to the 
nationality and authorship of the work, we think, conclusive and 
satislactoiy. If this be so, then it must follow that in the Morte 
Arthurs, the Fj/ttit of Sweet Susane, and Sir Oawane and the Green 
Knight, aa Sir F. Madden remarks, we have the .three works 
mentioned by Wyntown as the productions of Huchowne. But more, 
in the Stately Poem we have another work of his, and it may be to 
that-work — the Deitrticlion of Troy — that Wyntown refers in tiie line, 


"or writ he mncL" Feibaps also it is to that work that referenco 
is made, when he speaks of " soothiastnesse " — a special chaiacteristic 
of the Destruetion of Troy heing its aoothfastnesa, as shown hy the 
author's constant leference to Dites whom he follows, and in his 
earnest care to say nothing but " as the Eoke tellis ; " and in this he 
copies the prominent characteristic of Benoit, as shown by Mona. 
J0I7, and of hiB translator Guido, who also was especially careful, 
like Benoit, to back his statements with the testimony of Dites and 

That Wyntown was well acquainted with our poem appears from 
his Prologue, ths commencement of which has been evidently com- 
posed with that of oar anthor in view. 

" Quhar-for off swylk antyqwyteys, 

Tbiu that set hale thare delyte 

Oeet or story for to wryte, 

Owtbir in metyre, or id prose, 

Floryside foyrjy tbaire purpose 

WyUit queynt and curyoos circumstance, 

To rays hartis in plesance, 

And the beraris tyll ezcyte 

Be wyt, or wyll, tyll thaire delyte. 
As Qwido de CoIumpDa qwhille, 

The poete Omere, and Vyrgj'Ue, 

Fayrly fowrmyde thaire tretis, 

And ouryowaly dytyde tliare storis. 

SotQ oyside bote in plane manere 

The dedia dwne, and thare mate re 

To wtyte, as Dares of Frygy 

Wrate of the Trojanys the story, 

Bot in to plane and opyne style, 

But curyouB wordis or suttyle." 
"To rays hartis in plesance. And the heraris tyll excyte," is 
nncommonly like our author's " boldyng of hertes ; " and Wyntown's 
remarks on Omere, Yyrgylle, and Dares, are not nnlike what is 
'brevit' much more fully in our 'hoke.' Like other early writer^ 
Wyntown was in the practice of cutting short his narrative and of 
referring his readers to other authors and their works, when the 
matter h^d already been described. Keeping thia practice in view, 
it is most instructive to note what he gives and what he withholds 
in his chapter on the Amazona. Commencing with » portion of 

) by Google 

biator; which does not appear in oar poem, he abruptly breaks off 
and refers to Onmius for further particulars. A short passage 
follows, which seema a reanmd of what ia told at pi^e 353 ; then 
comes another piece of information, which ia finally wound up with 
" Thare Orytliya wes dede, 

Penthaaaale tas in hjr alede, 

Hyr doucbtyr and hyr ayre oFTale 

TLat tyll hyr suld o£f profyt fale. 

Tliis lady prowyd gret douclitynea; 

Quhen the Qrekys assegeand vea 

The town off Troy, wytbt thare powere, 

Thare wytli liyr ost scho come off wore, 

Aa in the story weiil is kend." 

And trae enot^h Penthesilea and her 'gret doucbtynea' are very 
folly aet forth in the Stately Poem. The following chapter on 
"The Astegii of Troye" ia not less suggestive of Wyntown's ac- 
■luaintance with that poem. 

The Troff Book, it may easily be acen by simply putting it down 
Bide by side with the E. K T. Society's Morla Arthure, has not been 
in all cases to such an extent disguised or overlaid by the Ttlidland or 
other forms, from which it has been concluded, somewhat hastily, 
we consider, that the work was Midland. The Scottish past tense 
and perfect participle are found in the Troy Book ending in it, yt, 
or et, very geaeraUy, indeed quite as generally as they are so met 
with in Barbour and in the Lowland Scotch of the present day, 
while the present participles in -and have been more frequently tani- 
pered with, and appear sometimes in -ond and sometimes in -aund. 
If y, aa a prefix to the past or perfect participle, is a mark of a 
Southern dialect, then it never occurs once from the beginning to 
the end of the poem ; and juat so, en marking the infinitive is never 
met with either. The final ea of the past participle, sometimes as 
yn, and sometimes aa on, occurs on every page ; for example, that art 
founden, be holdyn, thou be taken ; ^ and so thai, thaire, thaim, £c., 
and indeed almost all the peculiarities specified in Morris's Speci- 
mms of Early English, as indicating a work to be Northern rather 
than Southern, are exemplified more or less frequently throughout 
the whole poem. 

> n. 812S— 81S6. 

:ectv Google 

On comparing difForeot portions of the Gloaeaiy to Wyntown 
with corresponding portions of the Glossary to our poem, the pro- 
portion of common words of the some spelling and meanings was 
found to vary. In one instance, out of 122 words in the former 56 
were found represented in the latt«r ; which, considering the differ- 
ence of the two works, is a laige proportion. On comparing the 
words and phrases of the Avmtyrs of Arthtire and Gotagros and 
Gatuane, ascribed to Clerk of Tranent, with those of the StaiiHtj 
Poem, we find the proportion of snch as ai« common and identical 
to be higher still, almost every word of some stanzas appearing in our 
Glossary. Very many of these common words appear, as was 1« be 
ejipected, in the Glossaries of Iforthem works, not so many in that 
of William of Paleme. It is note-worthy, however, that in not a 
few of those common in our poem and William of Paleme, there is 
yet a difference showing the Northern origin of the former. For 
example, Ayre, an heir, is the word used in our poem, the form to 
bo found in Scottish writers and onr city Eecords, while it is eyre, 
or eiV, in William of 'Paleme. Similarly, Burde, a table, is horde, 
and ettle ia attle in the hitter. Ahide and alighi, in the latter, have 
nsoally the Northern or Scottish forma bide and light in oar poem. 
When the words are precisely the same, as mar, or marte, to harm, 
- the inflection is difierant — marred in the one being marrit, or mart, 
iu the other. If kepe and hej^ are the same, then the latter has in 
our poem meanings not found elsewhere, viz. to catch, meet, or stop. 

If we are correct in the conclusion, already adverted to, viz. that 
the more carefully written portions of our MS. were copied lelsnrely 
fo}m an earlier and, perhaps, the original Scottish one, then we 
should expect to find that in the portions thus copied more unchanged 
Scottish words and more of Soottiah fomu of words would occur 
than do in those portions more carelessly or hurriedly written to 
dictation. Such forms, in fact, would be occasionally copied by the 
transcriber, per incttriam, so to say, even were he minded to modify, 
change, or modernize his work. The very first passage of the kind, 
that was tried to discover whether the fact would turn out so, gave 
precisely the result one would have expected. The passage occurs 
at the bottom of page 389, and extends to page 396, with perhaps 

cccasional 'breaks. The very common if not peculiar oi idioipatic 
Scottish words, of which there are not a few in this passage, are spelt 
almost invariably as we £ad them ia the p^cs of Barbour, DunbaTi 
Douglas, and other Scottish writers. Such are 

Graith, graithet, swithe, dere, wait, dite, dole, ettid, wale (o. and 
adj.), etlid, stitho, Btitliely, tene, tenyt,. triet, warpit, lak, here, laitbiH, 
laithyt, fere, graidly, burd or burde, wode, pyne, fele, speryng, braid, 
wyn, merk (to devote), gyrd, gkath, &c. 

Then with respect to Scottish forms and constructions, ws meet with 
Gedryt and gedrit, liir aune (awne), wan, haldyn, takyn, ffele dayes 
bedeoe, totbir or totbyr, lady bad leuyt, ordant, thai dang bir to deUie, 
Ac., as in Barbonr, yates or yatis, nogbt, atrawet and streckltt, britnet, 
■terte, on seaod, gret, launcband lowes, wroght, soght, thoght, brogbl^ 
mony, ynogh, eanle, lause^ noqwere, qwile, beeeke, &c. ; 

almost all of which are unchanged Scottish to this day. The past 
tenses and perfect participles almost invariably end,»s we have said, 
in it, yt, or et, — as nmhit, dimsruyt, mttrtheret, &c. At the end of 
L 12111 we have wyn fo with its peculiar Scottish sense; and at 
L 12056 we have ehUdur, while at L 12130 we have brahir, both 
undeniably Scottish forras.^ At 1. 12089 we have io an end, but at 
1. 12103 the older Scottish form has taken its place, and we read 
led tell hir Uut end. The transcriber at 1. 12112 has lio for she, and 
it occurs twice again within the next tliree lines, but at 12148 we 
find the original »cho, and twice again ivithin feur lines. In " aelio 
bete horn bitturly " we have the past tense of to bite as it is still to 
be heard pronounced everywhere in Scotland, ^rok and lad, that 
follow, are also yet quite common. 

It b curioos that, while generally throughout the work we find 
the adv. and conj. then written "than," in this passage it has been, 
as if by design, carefully changed into " t?im." Immediately before, 
and throughout the passage, we have such expressions as — 

No Sonne herd, light np a lowe, pattyn to delhe, hedit no harme ne 
no hate thoght, noght dred thai, dungyn douD yatis, ertid bis baniio, 
etlid to bide, withoaten dyn more, tbe lovet wele, ee hit leme on a 
lowe, gert for to send, teghit hir hondis, steynjt hir to dethe, graithet 
a toumbe, myn bit for ever ; 

' Henry, Wyntowa, BeUeaden, Soot. Burgh Law^ &c. 


espieasions peculiaily and idiomatically Scottish, to be heard 
unchanged to this day, while they are to be met with in every page 
of the undoubted Scottish poems of the period.' 

With one of thoae W6 have compared portions of our Troy Book, 
and been still more conclusively satisfied of ite Scottish origin. 
This is the Knightly Tale of Oolagrat and Gatoane, reprinted in 
1827, by Mr David Laing, and of which he thus remarka, 

" Ttiis very ancieat and singular romaace belonga to a class of 
CompositioQB UBUally regarded as peculiar to Scotland. The laeguage 
of this romance, which appears to have obtained do inconsiderable share 
of popularity, is so remarkably uncouth, and the atnicturo of tlie verse 
so siugutar, as to warrant ns in amigQing it to a very early period of 
our literature, certainly to some time prior to the middle of the 14th 

" It would be a fruitleaa endeavour to enter into any diacossioD with 
regard to its autlior, ainco we poaac^s no direct evidence bearing oo tlie 
subject. Two of the ancient Scottish poets — Clerk of Traasnl, and 
'Hucheon of the AuiU Ryaie, aro celebrated as having written the 
AdomitvrM of Gaiocme ; but whether tlie present romance be that which 
is alluded to, must remaio, we fear, a matter of conjecture." "The only 
tiling," says Dr Leyden, " wluch can he affirmed witli certainty is that 
Sir Gawan was a favourite character with the Scottish poets ; a circum- 
stance accounted for by his northern origin, and his reputation for 
ancient courtesy, especially among the Welsh, by wboDi he is deno- 
uiinated Qwalchmai, the goldea-Umgued" 

Very many lines from this poem of Qdagrua mid Oawaae, such 

^ "And he godly fnrth gaes, and graithet bis goir, 

And buakit bym to battel! without mair abaid " — 

might with a very alight change take their place in the Troy Book, 
and not be distinguished from others ; while similarly not a few 
lines of the Trot/ Book might he transferred to Golagnu and 
Gawane with the same result. In both poems we find the same 
words, the same forms, and the some phrases or expressions — the 
same peculiar character of verse, and the same alliterations. The 
Glossary of the Troy Book is, so far as we have tried it, quite 
sufficient for the Knightly Tale, and with all these in common, we 

' The various other similar passages doubtlasa, if carefully gone over, nill 
yield the same results ; and that these purer Scottisb portions, if we may bo call 
them, may be compared with others, they will be indicated at the end of the 

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do not Bee how tbo conclusioa can he avoided that, if Oolagnu and 
Gateane is Scottish, the ^atdij Poem nrnat be Scottish also. 

Having referred to Glossaries, ive may farther here remark that, 
just aa the Glossary of Sir F. Ikladden's voliune, containing Syr 
Gatoayne and the Grene Knight, vith the two poems named before, 
&c., serves as a Giossaiy for Moris Arthure, very few words ex- 
cepted, and the words in both occmring very much in the same 
proportion, so also will that Glossary be found to serve, in a great 
measura, for the Statdy Poem. More words in the latter- are not to 
he found in Sir F. Madden's volnme, but that arises from the 
greater extent tuid variety of the work. N'ot a few, however, of 
those awanting may he auppliod from Barbonr'a Brace, or Jatnieson, 
And in this case too the same proportion obtains in the marked 
occnrrence of certain pecoliar words, and their use in connection 
with others. 

Independently of mere words, expressions, or language, Scottish 
and idiomatically Scottish too, which may he found with the least 
poasihle trouble, as occurring in common in all the four works that 
we have ascribed ia the same author, there are very many whole 
littee to be found in almost every page of each, which have their 
parallels or counterfeits in some one or other of the rest. These 
linea are manifestly produced by tbe same mind — they are medals 
struck in the same mint, and from the same dies. These similar and 
almost identical common lines are foand sometimes in two, some- 
times in three, and occasionally in all four of these works. We 
might give specimens of these lines, hut this head of proof labours 
under a perfect emharreu de rieheggee, and the difficulty is to select, 
as our notes and scraps are quite covered with thorn. It is not 
necessary here, however, to go very largely or exhaustively, ot iadiicd 
at all, into this branch of proof; as Hi Donaldson, at a very early 
period, made a selection of these parallel lines occurring in out 
author's works, and embodied them in an Introductory Essay, which 
it is intended shall follow this Preface. 

That Huchowne was the author of the Stately Poem, our TVoj/ 
Book, most satisfactorily accounts for the various references to Troy, 
and to Trojan and Greek leaders, which we meet with in Morta 


Arthure, S]/r OaiBoyne and the Grene Knight, &c In tte opening 
lines of Sj/r Qaaayne we almost Beem to meet with a qnotation 
from tlie conclusion of the Stately Poem ; 

" Sitben the scge aod the aesant was sesed at Troye, 
The borgh brittened & bteot to brondee & aekea, 
The tulk that the trammea of treeoun tber wroglit, 
Was tried for bis tricherie, the trewest on erthe ; 
Hit WAS EnDias the athet, & bis bighe kyode, 
That sithen depreced proutDces, & patrouoes bicome 
Welneye of al the wele in the west ilea," &c. 

These lines, and similar ones at the end of that poem, eeein the 
natural outpouring of a mind that had been, or was still, engaged 
with such a subject as the Destruction of T107. 

While quite at sea as to everything else legaiding the MS., 
except that it was partly a translation and partly an amplified para- 
phrase of Goido, one passage especially drew my attention, as giving 
no uncertain sound with respect to the nationality, if not to the 
authoiship, of the work, and to that passage we may now advert at 
some length. It occurs on page 63 of the Gesi Hyutoriule, at line 
1580, and thus 

" There were Btallis by the strete stondyng for peopull, 
Werkmen iota won, and thaire wares shewe. 
Both to sella and to ee as thaim selfe lyked, 
Of all the craftca token as there course askit,"&c. 

In the description of the rebuilding of Troy by Priam, Guide de 
Colonna has a similar passage, to which there is nothiug correspond- 
ing in the Eoman de Troie of Benoit de St-More, whom he translates 
or paraphrases. This passage contains an eniuneratioa of the various 
artists, mechanics, and tradesmen who had their " stationer " in the 
streets of the new city. Quido enumerates 11 or 42 classes of these 
artists and tradesmen, of whom, while several have classical designa- 
tions, so to say, the great majority are manifestly the craftsmen and 
mechanics of Italy in bis time. In the corresponding paraphrase of 
our author there is also a list of 40 different craftsmen, but the two 
lists of names have very few in common. With the names of several 
given by our author I was especially struck, as very obviously and 
undeniably Scottish. Indeed, the whole list looked like the counter- 


part of that in Mwtland's History of Edinburgh, or tbat whicli we 
meet witli in tte Sintorical Account of the Blue Blanket, or Crafia- 
tnen'a Banner, while the concluding lines, 

" With Barbnra biggit in boorderB of the stretea ; 
With all Haigter meo that on molde dweliia, 
Ooeatly euabit in entiia aboute" — 

at once stamped the author as at least quite familial with the peculi- 
arities, if not even a denizen of Aold Reekie. 

There may not be mach, indeed there would be nothing in this 
conjunction alone, as the name Entry is far more eitenaively used 
than from out inquiries we were at first disposed to believe. "We 
were aware that it was used in the North of England, but with a 
meaning difTerent from that which it bears in Edinburgh, In 
Hunter's Glossary of Hallamshire wordfi an Entry is " a narrow 
passage among buildings," or what in Edinburgh is a dose. The 
editor of the Toienlet/ Mysteries applies the word to a ' lobby in a 
farm house,' oi what in Scotland is called a trance. The term is 
used in Belfast, where its introduction may be accounted for, and in 
other places, as with us; while in Suffolk, I am informed, it is 
applied " to the little passage inside the &ont or back door of a 
cattle or small farm-house." This is the porch, as it is called now 
in Scotland— the space behind the door separated £rom the rest of 
the house by the partition wall or Italian of olden times. But the 
question is, where, not of recent introduction, is the term applied in 
any place to the same thing as in this country ; and, along with 
Entries, is there proof from early public records, such as Edinbm^ 
or some other of the larger towns of Scotland can enpply, that the 
crafts or trades of the city or town were at or about the date of our 
poem named as they are in it, and, with one exception, as they are 
in the Ancient Burgh Laws and City Secords of Edinburgh! The 
question ia' relevant, because, as we shall see, one place with Entries 
has an old list of its crofts that materially differs from that of the 
poem. The poem has been ascribed to a Midland author, and in 
these days of public research it would not be difficult to ascertain 
how the matter stands with other Midland towns. 

To every town-horn Scot, and especially to every one &miliar 

jclii PEKPACE. 

with EdmboTgh and its dwslliuga of the olden time, an entry is tha 
very place to wluch he Tonld look for, or in which expect, a conn- 
tryman to apeak of the dwellings of Master Craftsmen to be found.' 
The ciicnmscribed apace and peculiar site on which Old Edin- 
burgh stands rendered ita lofty houaes, eight or tea stories high, 
with ita entries, vrynds, and closes, absolutely necessary ; and similar 
peculiarities elsewhere in Scotland have pitiduced similar building 
arrangements, and hence the name entry, like wynd and close, is 
perfectly familiar to every town-bom native of the country. For 
the benefit of others, however, it will be necessary to say that the 
entry was, as it still is, the covered or arched passage at the end of a 
house leading from the street to the back, where the common stair 
to the upper stories commenced. This covered entry might lead into 
a court or back square, or into a close, 'or narrow aUey. Such 
common or public entries or passages were necessarily at all times 
open, and expressly under the jurisdiction of the magistrates. Some 
entries, however, were private, and closed especially at night, of 
which not a few examples yet remain throughout the countiy. The 
old house, in a country town, in which the writer's youth was spent, 
had such a private entry, like many others. The house itself was 
an ancient Temple tenement of three stories, the undermost being 
occupied as shops. It was bmlt upon a strong vaulted substructure, 
like a church crypt, on which had probably stood long before a 
small monastic fortalice of the Knights Templars. The entry, in 
this case at the end of the house, was a flagged passage raised one 
step above the level of the street, and closed by a heavy two-leaved 
door. It terminated in a square space with the main entrance to 
the bouse on one side, and a flight of steps on the other leading to 
the o£&ces and garden. In the same street a tenement, quite as old, 
but larger and more imposing, had its entry, not at the end of the 
house as usual, but right in the centre. The wide door-way was 
arched and closed with a ponderous gate. The spacious Sagged 
passage leading to the back was several steps below the level of the 

' The phrase, or expression, besideB, is the ver; one still nsed in Seotland. 
Persons are said Ut live in tlU entry, although their dwellings may be tht 
attioa of the house leading from it. 

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street, having tbe house entrance in the middle of the one side, and 
the writing chamheiB of the owner on the other. It terminated 
beliind.ia the first of b sciiea of garden terraces, which doped down 
to the riverside or " Water £nda." Such entries, it will at once be 
Been, were the very places where the " Maistei Men " and sabatantdal 
Buigessea of these times would " enabit." 

The " Siatumee" of Guido, translated by our authors "Stallis," 
into which the " Operarii," or "Workmen won," in all likelihood 
suggested the Luckea booths and the Cremee oi Xiames of the 
High Street of Edinbni^h; and then bow natural to name the 
** Crafles," of Incorporated Trades and Guildry of the city and its 
"Entris ahoute." In the Ancient Laws and Customs of the Bu^ha 
of Scotland, A.D. 1124 — 1424, the "Biu^and the Marchand" take 
precedence, but the very first craftsmen that are mentioned are the 
"Baxtaris at .bakis brede," and they are the first, too, named 
in the City Records of Edinbnrgh nndei date April 9th, 1443. 
As a eumame how common Baxter is in Scotland any one may 
sea, while Baker, except in one or two of the larger towns. Is un- 

In the ' Ancient Laws ' mention is next made of ' thaim that 
sellie fjwibe,' what ' gif fleachewara graythia ivil flcsche,' ' gift 
sowtaris that makis echone be barkaris,' ' oJt wobstaris tbat thai mak 
out lang thryms,' ' off Eadillaris that mak sadillis of grene tymmer,' 
'tailyeouria that sow with fals graith,' 'of coukcs makand reddie 
flesche,' 'ekynnaris that mak gluvis,' 'of wyn tawemaris,' &e. In 
the City Kecords these craftsmen ore also named as well as GoId< 
Smyths, Aimoreris, Elaksmyths, Cutlaris, Masons, Wrights, &c., 
with such business as ' setting of mylnis,' and such words as ' woU 
wroght na lyttyt,' ' chese thaim,' ' werkaris, byggyt, ordanyt,' and a 
great many more that appear in our poem. In the Decreet Arbitral 
of James VL, which determined the " sett " of the bu^h in his day, 
we read of 

"the choosing of the Deakens of Crafts, quhilks are fourteen [n 
number, to wit, 

" Chirurgyans, Qoldstnyths, Skynners, Furriers, Hammermen, 
Wrights, Masons, Tailyeours, Baxters, Fleshera, Cordioers, Webslera, 
Waalkers, Bon uet- mak era." 



Of these foarteen lacorporftted Trades, or Crafts, in the enumeration 
of om poem the names of six appear identically the same, viz. : The 
Goldamythes, Taliours, Wrightes, Websteis, Walkers of Clothe, and 
Baxters, while Masons are named at L 1S39. Tho Cordiners are 
represented in the poem bj Souters, the earlier and more usnai 
Scottish designation. For the sake of alliteration and Tarietj, 
doubtless, as Flechours, arrow-makers, appear in the list elsewhere, 
Fleshers are replaced by the Korman French Bochers. That Chimr- 
gyans and Barbars formed the same cr^ and meant the same 
persons is well known, and is abundantly evident from their Seal of 
Cause — in which we read, — 

" The Eirk Master and Bretlier of the Surgeons and Barbaria with- 
in this Bruglie." " Item, That nae maner of PersoD occupy nor use any 
Poyatfl of our saida Crafts of Surgery, or Barbar Craft, within this 
Brugh, but giC he be first Trie Mau and Burgee of the eamen, aad 
that he be worthy and expert in all the Poyuts beloogand to 
the satds Crafts, dilligently aod avisedly examined, and admitted by the 
Masters of the said Grafts, &o. 3tio. And that nas Barbar, Master uor 
Servand, within this Burgh, hant, use nor exerce tlie Crafts of Surgery 
without he be expert, and knaw perfectly the Things aboue written ; 
that is to say — Anatomia, ftc," 

The SkynncTS are repreaentod in the poem by Glovers and 
" Coriours of ledor," who were of the same incorporation. The 
Wrights and Masona, aftoTwaids united, included, with others, the 
Painters, the Bowyera, and " Flechouig," The very comprehensive 
craft of the Hammermen has no fewer than nine representatives 
in the poem, viz. the Bladsmythia, Armurers, Arowsmythis, 
Cotelers, Sadlere, Brasiers, Fynners or Fin-makers, Bel-makers or 
Founders, and Sporiora or Lorimers,' all of whom, with others, 
as we may learn from Maitland, were membera of the Craft. If 
" GirdiUere " are the same as the Girdlers of London and meant 
Beltmakers, then we have another branch of the Hammermen; 
but we are rather inclined to believe that they meant Girdle- 
makeia, i. e. manufacturera of giidlea,* or round iron plates- on which 

' Bridle-bit makers, 

' CalroBs, in Perthahire, irnB TaTnonB for its girdles In ancient times, 
" Tour bread is baked, ye may lay by Ilia girdle." " The ajre sal hafe . . a 
rostjng ;me, a gird'dU," &o. — Lega Burg. czvi. 


Bcones, bannockB, and oat-cakea were fii«d, as thej are stUL Tho 
"CondletB," or candlemaiera, were at one time a Bioat ihflueutial 
and vealthj body in the city, and have left behind them, as 
memorials, their quaint Hall and a street called after them Candle- 
maket Row, irhich the all-derouring city impiovemente have not 
yet swallowed up. In conclusion, the Tapstera are named in one 
of the city charters along with the Vintners, as liable to certain 
costoms or excise ; from which it is evident that they were the Inn- 
keepeis of the time, and not mere drawers of beer, boys or women, 
as in England. 

Thus in tbis list of forty crafts, and, with masons mentioned 
before, forty-one in all enumerated in the poem, there are not 
fewer than twenty-seven that we can identify with the fourteen 
incorporated trades of Edinburgh, and their different branehea, and, 
with one exception, easily accounted for, named, along with several 
others, precisely as they are in the records and charters of the city 
and early Scottish Literature. That this should he so, and that 
moreover a list of " Craftis," evidently meaning Incorporated Trades, 
should commence with " Goldsmythes," probably tho oldest, and 
certiainly the most important craft in Scotland, and be followed by 
such undoubted Scottish designations as Glovers, Girdillers, Sonters, 
"WebsteiB, Walkers of Clothe, Baxters, Sporiora, Spicers, Condlers, 
&£., — designations most of them, in use to this day — in a passage 
Oiat tells of 

Ooestly enabit in entris aboute," 

altogether makes up a combination, or coincidence, utterly impossible, 
it will euiely be admitted, unless the 'author, whoever he might be, 
ynx familiar with the trades or crafts of the Scottish capital or other 
laige Scottish town. 

This remarkable passage bas several naturalized French names in 
the list, which renders it still more likely to be the list of the 
Scottish Crafts and Guildry, the intercourse between Scotland and 
France being in these early times both frequent and most friendly. 


Xlvi ' FRBFAOE. 

For example, we have Taliouia/ Telew,' March&ndes, Pamtere,' 
Bochera, Fferrara,* Spicera,' CarpenteTs, and Coucheoure.' 

While conviaced, from the Scottish names, that this wae a 
Scottish list, and further, that this was the list of the Crafts and 
Guildry of the Scottish capital, because containing the namea of 
some trades that conld not possibly exist or be found in any smaller 
or less important town than the coital, by comparing it with the 
tradesmen named in the Banes of the Cheater Playi, with the very 
full and exhaustive catalogue in Codce Lordlea Bote, and with those 
in the Liber Albm of London, it was manifest that it was not the 
compilation of an Englishman, either of the Midland Counties or 
of London. Below we give the full list of the Chester Graflsmen 
in alphabetical order/ The " Drawers in Dee " stamp the locaUty 
of the list, which has no equivalent for not leas than 19 of the 
Craftis of our poem. It will be seen, moreover, that the Scottish 
Souter is a Corvisor in the Cheater list, a Webster is a Waver or 
Weaver,^ the Walker of clothe, usually conjoined with the Litster, 
is represented by the Dier, a Baxter is a Baker, a Teler is a Linen- 
draper, a Tavemer is a Merchant Vintner, a Conor of ledur is a 
Skinner or Tanner, a Marchand is a Mercer, a Carpenter is a Fuster, 
and a Condler is a Wax-Chandler. In Cocke LoreUes Bote we have 

' Deeorators, from Parementler or Panunentier, Lat. Parator. Chaucer 
has parementi, omamental furaiture or clothes. 
Ferre, or feare, from ferrarlus. 

* Elgpicier, now fpicier, 

* Stone-setters or jewellers, from eollocare. Couched work was applied 
teohnlcaV; to artist's work. 

" Alle of palle werke fyne 
. Cowohida with newyne,"— 3/^S JAneolu, A. I 17, fol, 133. 
Chaucer has "couched with pedes," laid or trimmed with pearla. 

"Stoffit and coutchit fuli of ime and lede."— iJuiiy. Virf, 141. 11, 
Coucheour, however, may mean a couch, or bed-maker, in Oocke LorelUt 
Bate, an Upholsterer. 

^ Bakers, barbers, bowyers, buchera, cappers, cloth-workers, cookes, 
ooc^eis, corrisora, diers, drapers, drawers in dea, fish-mongers, fleohours, 
fuBters, glassiera, glovers, goldsmiths, hewsters, ironmongers, linen-drapers, 
raasous, meroers, merchant- vintners, painters, saddlers, sliermen, skinnerr^ 
slaters, smiths, stringers, tanners, tajlours, water-leadar*, wai-ohandlers, 
wavers, wrights. 

' But the last is " The Websters Playe." 


FRBFAOB. xlvii 

Cordwainer and Cobeler for Souter, Spinsters and Vestment Swoera 
for Semffteria, FuUera and Cloth-thickere for Walters of clotho, 
Airowheders for Arowsmythia, Fleshmongera for Bochers, Welibers 
for 'Websteia, Bakers for Baxteta, Tapestry workers and Gomishcra 
for Famters, Grote Clyppers for Monymakers, &c. 

In the lAber Alhva of London, as the compilers did not always 
translate the names of the craftsmen into Latin and Norman French, 
we get fitill more evidence that the list of the poem was not made 
up Irom the workmen and craftsmen of that city. The Baxter is 
usually represented hy the Not. Ft. Festoni ; but as a compound, 
we meet with py-bakeree. The Glover was a Gaunter, the Spynner 
of Cloth, or producer of yam, was the Buriller, while the Weaver of 
woollen cloth was the Telour or Telarius. The Spicer was a GrosBour 
or Fepperer, the Belmakei was a Belle-jetter, and hence Bullitei 
Lane. The Walker of Cloth was a Fullour, Souters were Cord- 
waners and Cobelers, Feireia, or Shoo-Smiths, were Mareschalls, 
Monymakers were Moneonrs, and Condlers were Wei-Chaundelers. 

Before leaving this passage it may not be uninteresting or unin- 
stractiye to compare it with the parallel passage of Lydgate, which 
we shall give here entire as it is given in the Douce MS. Oxford, 
supplying from the Bigby MS. two lines that are awanting in that 
and the Cambridge MS. : 

" Goldsmythes furat ande ryclie lewelerei, 
Ande by heiuself crafty Broderes, 
Wewars also of wolne and lynnyn. 
Of clothes of golde of damaske and satjn. 
Of welaes, sondele aiide double samyt eke, 
Aude eveiyche cloth yat men lyst to Befce. 
Smythes also |)Bt conde forge wel 
Swerdes, poUex, and sperya sharp of stel, 
DartoB, daggers for to msyne' aod wounde, 
Ande qaarele beddea, sharpe and aquare ygroande. 
Thare waa aleo crafty anaourera, 
Bowers eke, aada fast by fleggerera, 
Ande sucbe as couth maken yacbaftes pleyn, 
Ande uthere eke yat dyde yar beeye peyn ; 
For ye wcrre to make also trappouere, 
Bete* bannera, and ryole cote Armonrea, 

' ^ for " mayme," to maim. * Bmbroldured. Sir Aiima. 

., ..., Google 

Ande bj dewyse etandarB ande petiQODB, 
Ande for ye felde ireache ande gaj ghetooa. 
Ande everyche craft yat may yreknede bo 
To tellen schortly was in yat Cit^." 

On esamination it will be aeen that Lydgate has evidently horrowed 
or adapted his list fjcom that of our author, for of Uie ten or eleven 
Crafta expressly named or indicated in this extract it may be re- 
marked that, only two, viz. Goldsmiths and Weavers, are found in 
Guide's list, as aurifices and textorea respectively, while the order in 
which these two occur renders the borrowing or adaptation still 
more probable. Goldsmiths are the first named in the list of our 
author and the first likewise in that of Lydgate, and may have 
suggested the ryche lewelerea, represented by " Coucheours fyn," 1. 
1597. Then follow in the next line of Lydgate Crafty broderes, 
who are manifestly the " Semsteris fyn" in the next line also of the 
Slatelt/ Poem. The " Taliours, Telers, Websters and Walkers of 
clothe " that come nest in our poem have evidently suggested the 
"Wewaia of wolne and lynnyn," and of various other "clothes" 
given next by Lydgate. Then follow in our poem 

" ArmarorB, Arowsmytlite with Axes of Werre," 
and further on, " Bladsmytlm." And just so follow in Lydgate 
the " Smyihea that coude forge wel awerdea, jpollex, sperys, dartes, 
daggers, and quarele 7i4ddes," and the " Crafty Armourera." Again 
in our poem we have next — 

"fferrers, flecchoura, fele men of crafte;" 
which Lydgate duly in order caps with 

" Bowers eke, ande faeto by fleggerers." 
That this should be so is surely more than, a mere coincidence. If 
Lydgal« has not borrowed or adapted, it is very singular that hs 
should have given juat these names and in this order ; for while all 
the various workers in metal are named by Guide, such as Gold- 
smiths and gilders, silversmiths, coppersmiths or bissiere, plumbers, 
founders or bell-makers, pin-makers, spindle-makere, ite., curiously 
enough, smiths, blacksmiths, or forgers in iron are not mentioned, 
nor is a single weapon of war named. Lydgate, however u he 


FBKFACE. xlix 

often does, Laving opened ont, or set off in a particular line, bo to 
apeak, continnea it, and ao having given the weapons, the atom 
realities of vax, he gives as an appiopiiato finishing its ornamental 
gamitnre, viz. its trappouers, bete banneia, cote annonTee, etandars, 
pennona, and gay ghetons — the skilled vorkmonahip, we have no 
doubt, of the "Famteis," and perhaps "Coacheonis f^" There 
ore in the two poems very many similar parallel passages, &om which 
it may be seen plainly enough that Lydgate was much beholden to 
the Degtruetion of Troy for words, expresaione, and texts or hints, 
which don't appear in Gnido, whom he piofeaaes to translate. "Wa 
may give here one each example. Priam had determined to rebuild 
Tray strong enough to withstand all future assaults &om Greeks or 
other foea. 

" Hino eat quod quaesitia undiqae (sbriB et peritia iu aedificandia 
artibna et marmoriie Celaturis, lapidariia, et doctissimis architeoUs, 
omnia geueriB marmora coegit," &e. 
Bo wrote Guido, and we may translate his words literally thus : 

' Acoordingly, having from all quarters sought for workmen and 
such as were skilled in building arta and in marble-earring, atoner 
cnttera, and the most akiirul buildeie, he collected marble of werj 

Onr author haa, 

" Gate masons full mouy that mykuU fete coathe ; 

Wise wrightis to wala, werkys to caste ; 

Qwarioura qweme, qwaint men of wit ;. 

Mynors of marbnil stou & mony other thinges." 

Gnido'e three lines Lydgate has contrived to paraphiaae oi ex- 
pand into 41, thus — 

" And all abonte the countreyes enairon, 
He made seke in euery regyon. 
For sncbe workemen aa were curyoua, 
Of wyt iuventife of caatyug memaylons. 


And for eaei; such as was a good deuysoor, 

Haaon, hewer, or crafty qnaireonr. 

For euery wrighte and pasayng carpenter, 

Or eoch aa had connynge in their head, 

Alatiaster other white or read. 

Or marbell grey for to puUyahe playne," Ac, 


Tbe passage in the StaUly Poem has evidently been the ^zt from 
which Lydgate lias amplified tlie portion above, every word almost 
of the four lines ha-ring been copied, enlarged upon, and cleverly 
set, or couched, in this piece of poetical moeaio. As ve have ex- 
amined and compared scores of snch passages, ve have most earnestly 
irished that we had Lydgate's Troy Book and other similar works in 
a more accessible form than the MSS. of our public libiariee, at 
blackletter reprints of the 16th century — a wish that we hope we 
may live to see yet realized. 

There was a method or line of proof which the writer of this 
thought of and attempted to follow out, in order to show that the 
aathor of the Deatruction of Troy was a Scotmnan, bnt from which 
he \ras deterred by the time that it would have involved, and the 
space that it would have occupied for its complete and satisfiictory 
prosecution. This was the making out of a pretty full list of those 
peculiar, idiomatic, Scottish words and phrases, which are still in 
common use throughout Scotland, and which occur in almost every 
line and sentence of our poem, and marking bow often they occur, 
and then tumii^ to the Qlosearies respectively of Pien Ploughman 
and Chaucer, and to Stratmann's DicUcmaTy of Old EngliA, to 
ascertain how often they occurred in known En^ish authors, if they 
occurred at all, with what meanings they were used, and in what 
connection. So far as this line of proof was pursued the result was 
curious. While not a few were found to occur occasionally in one 
or other of them, some of these words and phrases were conspicuous 
by their absence &om them alL And the farther we went the 
stronger did the conviction grow, that what was written and espe- 
cially spoken in Scotland was a language, and no mere dialect oi 
form of that of En^and, formed or evolved &om it, or exclusively 
derived &om the Anglo-Saxon, bnt an original, independent toi^e 
of itself, already formed and spoken along with, or by Uie side of, 
these, if not even before them. This was the idea of Oeoige EUia, 
Dr Jamieson, and the late Dr Clarke of Aberdeen, and it bos been 
tbe opinion of many more who have studied the subject ; bnt this is 
not tbe place or the occasion to enter upon the question.' 

' We may ref*r Mpeoialljr on (Us point to tfae Ihtrbdneloir remarks of 

:ectv Google 

In the table of contenta to the poem, the last entry, vhioh refers 
to the xxxvj boke, tella ua " Of the detha of Tlixes by his son. 
"Wiiche endJB in the story w' the nome of the Knight that causit it 
to be made, & the nome of hym that tranalatid it oat of latyn into 
englyaahe." Had this promiae been fulfilled, these names would 
have rendered nnneceaBaiy our lengthened inquiry into the nation- 
ality and authorship of the vork, and very materiaUy lightened, if 
not altogether removed, the difficulties that have attended oar 
labours. Such a signatiue, or colophon, like that which attests the 
work of Guido, would have been invaluable, not merely as marking 
the author, or authors, of the Stately Poem, and handing them down 
to posterity, but as settling one or two other questions which are 
yet undecided. It might have settled the point whether Sir Hugh 
of Eglinton and Hnchowne of the Awle Byale were one and the 
same, or different persons. If they were different persona, it might 
have told tia whether Sir Hugh was a Maecenas at the court of the 
Stuarts, with whom be was connected by marriage, or an author in 
his own person as welL We might have learned whether Huchowne 
of the Awle Kyale was the real name or the nom de plume of the 
author, or only a half jocular, half endearing sobriquet applied to 
him by his friends. We might have learned something about 
the execution of the work. Whether it bad been first trans- 
lated into English prose, like Quido'a Bellum Trojamim, and 
then rendered poetically, or had been at once rendered into 
alliterative veise. We might have learned something of the 
literary partnerships of the age, or might have known for certain, 
what we can only infer or suspect ftom the inequality of its execu- 
tion, that more than one were engaged in the work ; and especially 
we might have learned who was the author of those fine, truly 
poetical portions, which owe little to Guido's Latin, but have very 

Hr BUia Id bis ^ciment ef the Early IhiglUh Poeti, vol. 1, chap, Iz. kts, 
" Woald it be verj absard to BapposB that oar oommon language was e^ar- 
atelj formed in Uie two conntiiea, and that it has owed its identic to its 
iMiag coDStmoted of similar materialB, bj similar gradatioiiB, and by naUoos 
In the moB state of soaiety I II this opinion ebould bs tbougbt very im- 
probable, mait we not, at least, admit that the miKradon of our language 
from Knglsnd Into Scotland bai not yet been fully established, and that much 
remain* for the investigation of futura antiquaries I " 


lii FBEFACfl, 

innch in common with similai passages in the Morie Arlhura and 
other works to which we have bo oit«n adTerted. AH theae qneatlons 
and interestiiig points, we hope, maj some time or other be answered 
&ud resolved. The MS. from which the present text haa been taken 
is as yet nnique ; but in the searches now being made in the 
libraries and muniment cheats of our old families and nobility 
thtonghont the countiy, some other and more complete copy may 
yet torn np, and other complete copies also of Barbooi's vetsion of 
the Deetruction of Troy, of which we possess only the fragments in 
the ])>TSS. at Oxford and Cambridge. 

To Principal Barclay, for his kindness in granting permission to 
copy the MS., to Professor J. Toung, the cimitor, and to Mr. J. 
Toong, the keeper of Ae Hnntorian Moseom, for their obliging 
courtesy in giving access at all times to the Stately Poem and other 
HSS. for transcription and collation, the editoia offer their best 
tliB"kT and grateful acknowledgments. They haye also to thank 
the Bey. Walter W. Skeat, which they most cordially do, Tor his 
yaluable saggestions and help when the Glossary was passing 
through the press. 

These prefiitory remarks were mainly written nearly three years 
ago. As to. the conclusions that the poem was originally Northern 
01 Scottish, and that large portions at least, if not the whole of it, 
were the work of Hachowne, or the same aathoi that produced the 
poems ascribed to him, the Committee of the Society are not respon- 
sible for them, or in any way committed to them. We were 
expressly informed that they disagreed with us on both points. 
Working, however, apart, independently, and upon different grounds, 
we arrived at the same result ; but as we have no theory to serve, 
and are simply searching after the tmth like others, on due cause 
shown, we shall most roadily confess ounelves mistaken. 

It bnt remains to say that it has been the great object of the 
editors to present the members of the Early English Text Society 
with as faithfhl a transcript of the Stately Poem as possible ; and 
no labour, no effort, and no expense have been spared on their 
part to accomplish thia. The completed volume might have appeared 
much sooner, and the writer personally regrets exceedingly that it 


haa Iteen bo long delayed. He hae done wliat he coold do to expedite 
its appearance, and liad the matter depended solely upoo him, the 
long delay vould have been obviated, bnt over the arrangementa for 
its production he had no control. Not to dilate, however, upon this, 
he lejoices that so important a work haa been rescued 6om the 
oblivion of the dusty shelves of the old Hunterian Museum, and 
trusts that other works of no less value may yet see the light through 
means of the Society. 

G. A-P. 
JJeo. 6(A, 1872. 


Thb MS. of this work is a folio volume written on paper, and 
consists of 316 leaves with 36 lines on each page. It opens with on 
apparently full and carefully drawn Index to the Books and Subjects ; 
and tbey follow as there indicated, and the work ends with the 
usual Amen. A little examination, however, shows that the woik is 
incomplete); for, foL 189 6* oontainsonly 22 lines and a few words 
of the next: then, fol. 190 is blank, and 191 begins with quite a 
different subject. From this point the story moves on smoothly 
enough till we reach foL 201 b, which has only 8 lines, where it stops 
abruptly in the account of Tel^onus' return to his mother after the 
death of Ulyasea : then, foL 202 is blank, and 203 opens with the 
words with which 189 closed, and continues the account there 
interrupted. The story then moves on in clear order till we reach 
foL 214, where there are only 13 lines and a few words, that really 
are the catch-words for fol. 191 a j and the remaining portion of the 
MS. is certunly the conclusion of the work, but incomplete at the 

Evidently, then, fols. 203—214 ought to be placed after fol. 189 ; 
and fols. 191 — 201 should then follow : * in other words, the two 
sets of fols. should be transposed. When so arranged the story is 
regular and complete on to the return of Telegonus after his father's 

■ As fol. ISO bag been lost, 189 ol H3. beoomea 190 In the Text. 
< For the resson Bt&ted Id laat noEe, fola. 203—211 are li)l— 202 in the 
Texl^ and 191—201 are 203— SflS. 

) by Google 


death, where there ia a slight gap includmg the winding up of the 
Btory of the Odyseey and the opening of the list of chiefe killed 
at the ai«ge. But aa the MS. stands, not only are different stories 
Ruxed up, but the account of the death of Ulysses comes before the 
story of his wanderings after the siege ; and particulars are referred 
to as already told, which we find recorded some pages farther on. 
Yet the Books are all properly arranged according to the Index. 
Kow what do these particulars teU as regarding the MS. ! 1. That 
it ia not the original MS., but a copy of an older one, that had some- 
how got disarranged into the order in which it now stands ; and 2. 
that the copyist, obaerring the confusion, but not the cause of it, 
thought some portions of the story were lost, and, after copying in 
the catch-words at the bottom of the page, left a blank folio at each 
place, that the ntissing portions might be inserted when recovered. 

Besides these fanlts, there are two gaps in the MS. — between 
fols. 6, 7, and 179, 180 : the first, contmning the account of the first 
landing of the Greeks at Troy, and consisting of three or perhaps 
four leaves, was no donht a gap in the MS. &om which the existing 
one was copied ; and the second consists of one leaf, which has been 
lost or torn from the set. 

The MS. affords further evidences of being a copy from an older 
one, and gives some information as to how the copyist worked at his 
task. The writing is in a hand of somewhere about Uie middle of 
the 15th century, and in two distinct styles : one (in which the 
larger portion of the work is written) is the common cursive style of 
the period, cramp, and often careless, shewing no regularity in 
spelling and contractions, confusion of the lettera t and e, a and o, 
with a decided preference for the o sound : the other (in which only a 
few folios and scattciod portions are written) is a fine, clear, Saxon, 
copying style, shewing greater regularity in contractions and spelling, 
and a more frequent use of the older forms of letters,* Tet they are 

■ The portions that are written in the copTinir xlyle are II. 4203— SO, SIOI 
— 82, 6260—328, 6592—664, e«73— 941, 6976— 701E, Rubric and flret 10 lines 
of Bk XVI., 7416—61, XIX. RokB-7858, 8511—26, 9728—33, 9783—88, 
11244—98, 12016 to the middle of 12158, 12167—200, 12231 — 64, 12617— 
27, 12650—98, Bubrio and flrat 22 lines of Bk XXXTV^ 13671—69*, 13672— 
738, 1SM6-81. 

) by Google 


'tbe work of the same hand, foi the two stjles again and again mn 
into each other: and a caraful comparison preaenta differences of 
fonn and spelling, pecoliaritiea and mistakes, vhich an^eat that when 
the osed the copying stjle he had the text before him and 
worked careAillf ; and that when he used the cursive style, he wrote 
for the most part to dictation. In the notes at the end of the work 
the reader will find abundant evidence to that effect, to which the 
following may he added ; in I. 2552 the MS. has tororow euer foe 
aormajar euer; L 3704, tiltide for tUd ; 4i76, a little to >e Grate* 
for allU to pe Q-rekea; fi406, vxUomth fat worthy for leeleomi ^t 
worthy ; 10627, he was hengyag ioT he aae lengyng ; 11721, Knowith 
hit yowsel/e for Knoteis hit yovrsel/e; 13462, bueme for bume; 
13640, ^fter \ai were for at ^ right ayre; and confusion of the 
pronouns hym and horn. But perhaps the most striking proof (of 
which examples are given in the Notes) ia the use of wh for qw or 
guih, by which the alliteration is aometimea spoiled, as in 11. 3028, 
4202, and 11726;' and which could not have been used by one 
who was simply copying. Indeed, this alteration alone suggests 
something more than mere writing ki dictation, — it suggests that the 
writer, who was evidently a West Midland man, adapted the work 
to his own (Ualect, with an honest intention no doubt of simply 
rendering it more readable for himself and friends : and the work 
being in a different dialect quite accounts for the writer preferring to 
have it dictated to him. 

From these particulars it is evident that ttke existing MS. ia not 
the original, nor even an exact copy of the one &om which it was 
made, but a rendering of it by some one who was a native of the 
West Midland district.' A thorough analysis of the language and 

■ Compare with 11. 1809, 1928, 2693, 2737. 305S, 497S, eSGl, 6051, 11783. 

* At the end of ths HS., and apparently in the stune hand, !■ written 
" lfat«kitrH ; " and on one of the blank apacM already referred to oocnrs the 
following In a later hand:— "John Chethaum unne and hejrre of Tbomai 
ChethaiD late of Notehorst Deoenj'd is the verey awner of thja Boke to be an 
bere-loine at Notehunt locordlng to )» tenour and effeo of my fathert wUl, 
la witness whetof J haue written this saying w' my awne hand. Jane lohana 
Chetham." Certainly the 'laying' suggests mors than ownership. Note- 
hurst ii, DO donbt, for Nuthunt : bnt there are two plaora of that name, on« 
near Htnaham in Sassez, the other in Solihull, Warwickshire, which moat be 



etnichiTe of the vork will yield ob important porticalaTB legarding 
the dialect in which it was vritteu, ite date, and perhaps author- 
ship ; hut meanwhile the following sketch and reaulta may be 

The pliuala of uoims generally end in eg, is, or y» ; and Rom&- 
timee th« same word ocoin in all these forms, as, lordee (1411), 
lordis (1082), lordys (263). ffouna of more than one syllable take 
$ only, as baieU (91), girduls (1373), nuxten (1454); and even 
when they have w oi u the alliteration ahews that the a only is 
sounded (eee the list of trades in p. 63, also 1. 1683) ; and a further 
proof is giren in 11. 1367, 1372, where fiorint ia written florenee. 
Some nonna have different plurals, as doghter (1474), deghter (1489) ; 
Kwier (1495), tuttert (1726); hrotlier (8368), brether (6810); 
ekOder (1356), ehUdw (1382), children (1418) ; but the en form of 
plural occurs only in children, me, and exin. As peculiar forms of 
plural we note allhing ^ all things (281), monyfreik (1429), mony 
lede (6961), mony tulke (6911), where mony = many a ; this form of 
plural is pretty common. 

The genitlTO singular is sometimes in es, u, or s, as mannee satde 
(4445), bysa?toppie bone (7895), emperoun avme ^i^(5143); but 
more ireqaently there is no termination, aa, fader deihe (1464), 
wemen dueyre (2920) : indeed a marked feature of the longuf^ aa 
represented by this work is the tendency to drop all terminations. 

The adjectives shew no inflexion for number or case : but we 
note a few peculiar words, as, nwre in more-halfe (13303), more- 
ynde (8631) ; fer, ferre, used as pon., eomp., and taper, (11. 78, 95, 
110, 216, 3960, 8272), andasanirf/, anofjtr., aada«&. (seaGloss.); 
ierre ^ higher (1102), pronounced sometimes as a monosyllable, aa 
in herhond (707S, 7362) ; heghett (1640) is hext (13604) ; mo = 
more, in ofer mo ^ others, some others (819); miehe occurs 
occasionally, but mekeU, mykyll ia much more common, and is used 
also as an ado. and a eh. ; Uke a ^ ilka, each (423, 3656) ; mydtcard 
e= the middle (7324), aa in The Fiicke of Conscience, 1. 435, and yet 
mydeU occurs in the same line; lyuye (3466, 13543); lagker^ 
lower (9152), feghnr = fewer (7822). The participial forms and, 
aund, ond are often used, as tearchand (1238), pletaund (2885), 


thryuond (4103) ; and the same word sometimes appeaTS in all these 
fonna. The ordmal numerals are first, seeund, ihrid, fourt (5446) 
tioA. fouTihe, fyfte, eext, aea'jptt, eght and eghtid, rut/nt, tent, fyftene, 
Kxlens (see Rubrics of the Books and the orders of the haMl* in pp. 
198 — 207, also the reckoning at the close of the work). Often we find 
the 'on = the one, and the fofAt'r ^ the other ; but only in 1. 13828 
have we seZ/s := same, llany of the adjectivea are used adverbially ; 
and the prefix m«, the terminationa fid and ly are often employed. 

Adverbs adjectiTes end in ly (never in liehe), or take the 
prefix on or o, very rarely a; and we note the forms hethyn (763), 
thethyn (8790), Hlhen (66), Kthyn (456), mjdelyng (7320), hedlijngea 
(7485), hedatmipia (6fi38), furthe (2242), uiwith (11753), vnneth 
(10881), fo-gat (5207), ihu»-gale (1768), thue-gatU (4500), iw-gatis 
(612), KM (7258), uppon-mfi (6677), ay (6205), »yn = since (1106), 
syne = afterwards (2561), he-}an =. by that time (383), ogliter = 
any longer (1898), to-morw (11366), on-a^ryg ^ crying, screaming 

The personal pronouns have only two case forms for each 
number, — one fbr the Nom., and one for the Dat. and Ace, 
thus: — 

Singakr. Floral. 

Horn. Dat. k Aoo. Nom. Dat & Aoo. 

1. I, me. we, us, 

2. Ju, thou, fe, the. je, ^on, jou, yow. 

3. he. hym. pai, the, horn, ^aim. 
ho, seho, sho, Mr, hur. rarely thei. 

bit, it, yt, hit. 

The possessives are used like adjectives and have no inflexion for 
case, thus : — 

Bingnlor. Plnra). 

mi, min, mine. out, oure. 

f i, Jin, fine. your, youre. 

his, hys. >ere, Jaire, hor. 

In L 3327 we find to me 4^ to myns; and in IL 1171-S, tome^ 
to myne, to yow ^ to yours. The demonstiativeB aie fie or fige, fat 


OT ai, with their ploitds ^fis or \eae, ^, ])05 or ^uae ; sometimes we 
find Jn'ctf for ^eta. The relatives are wo, v:lio, qmo, Dat. and Ace 
qwoTn, ^at, qieat, what ; wo-ao, who-eo, gwal-to : and the dietriba tires, 
aither, eu^er, other, iothir : while the substantive fonna the ton, the 
fothi'r, ooctir frequently. The terminations sel/e, teluott, are added 
to singular and plural personals indiscriminately, as hym-eelfe (969), 
hym-eeluon (1236); homsel/e (983), homseluon (752), yaim-eel/e 
(1582) J pi-gelujpi (3508). 

.In the verbs we note a marked simplicity of inflexion, and great 
variety of forms and spelling. For the Infinitive there is no ter- 
minal mark, but it is very frequently preceded by the preposition 
*r, aa, /or to say (1839), for to mde (1933), for to grew (2766). 
In the Present tense there is no termination in the 1st person sing. 
&nd pin., as, I thanke (554), I prit (557), we for» (1929), ue lam 
(1930) } but frequently we find the 3rd per. sing, of the impeieonal 
verb with the 1st personal pronoun in the ace., as me mervelle (G014), 
rm mervellie (1864), me temye (4229), vi gwemea (1928), tw gayne* 
(11306), v» likes (11657); and euch irregular ot contracted forms as 
vie think (1932, 3156), ve liste (3631). This impersonal form of the 
verb is found in all the persona of the Present. 

The 2nd and 3rd persons sing, and pin. generally end in «, ee, is, 
ys, and w, as, thoti lee (870), thou get (2089), ^u mase (1402), tk<m 
Tiset (11339), fa telUs (11299), 30W eeehis (11274), you beae (3487), 
ye maee (1851) ; he louea (1932), he bee (3389), he karpea (829), 
men tumya (2926), men puitea (2927) : but sometimes there is no 
termination in the 2nd and 3rd per. plu., as ye kepe (1845), ye have 
(1851), men rauiathe (2926), ^ai ckaunge (2933) ; and sometimes in 
the same sentence we find verbs with and without termination, as in 
11. 2926-7. There are also a few examples of the plural in en, on, 
yn, as je menen (5027), ^e demyn (11255), men holdyn ^ taken 

In the past tense the aingular and the plural of weak verbs are 
geneially alike, and end in d, ed, id, yd, I, et, it, yl, as, apird (823), 
i«!nd=wened(6653), waited (9476), asaentid (1 1371), erlyd (11335), 
aiigurt (2615), comburt (11331), teaivet (9476), deirit (9484), knrlyt 
(9483) ; but the t termination is by far the mot« frequent, — a result 

:ectv Google 


certain to follow when the Bcribe vrote to dictation, and wa find 
many verbe vitli botli fomu, aa pamd (11S20), past (U640); 
obajecU (135), obeU (605) ; wailed (1070), mUet (2842). Strong 
verbs commonly take en, on, yji, in. the plural, bat many of them 
appear both with and without terminatioii, and some have all the 
Tarieties of it, and assnme different forma, aa tokya (11431), ioke 
(11461) ; tougklon (1376), sogkt (1623) ; Jleddon (59S6),Jled (5951) ; 
/oghien {1002S}, foghton {G7il),fog7ity>i (n85),foght (6859), /cyAi 
(6410) ; caecked (4520), cuchU (4674), eachtfn (1077), eaghC (5900), 
eagTUtm (11449); locket (5729), laeeken (6192), lavigkien (6162); 
/ed (6951), jleddon (5996), flagh (6850), ;Iotte« (10077) ; smre 
(11447), «Mir« (11381), swora (11834), eaer^ (11837). Aa a 
specimen of the peculiar preterites that occui in this work take the 
following: tide (81), tjfd (2864), tid (1202); geve (6822), ga/ 
(6800); come (11328), cam (7292); gegh (7436), w (1317); sogkt 
(X623), taglU (7670); waii (6888),- wdt (4418); ra?Af = eeiied 
(3883), raght = wrought (1533); tag7it = taught (6117), light = 
alighted (11802), here = bore (11803), gird (7471), Bend (7539), 
daTtg (7740), roo/e = rived (1234), lep (8646), jiAare (1233), wan 
= got (6523), mm = won (316), rai (6977), m/i = reft (7788), 
gnmlt (911), trorf (865), upofte (7479), bull (7476),/™n( (6984), 
»«rfp.7 (7476), bond (7627), ftei = heated (2054), Itit = hied 

The preeeut participles end in and, aund, ond, ound, itig, yng, 
and very rarely in end, as, tpekand, prayaund, lemond, Uaaoujid, 
Idkend, wepiitg, toailyng; and sometimes the same reib takes both 
the nd and the jtg termination, as, lemond (459), lemt/ng (699). The 
past participles of weak verbs end in d, ed, id, or t, et, it, yt, but the 
t forms are the most frequent, as kild (9752), Icept (164), enarmed 
(67), aaim (157), namet (104), aragU (231), awngyt (220); and 
many verbs have both the d and the t termination, as caid (162), 
coif (6204); ittTd (9762), JbtV^ (1343) ; and there ie a strong tendency 
to contraction (which, by the way, ie not confined to the participial 
terminations, but is common to all), as ctdlid (167), eald (162); 
ieppit (161), kept (164). Of strong verbs the termination is w or 
en, vatying into ne, on, yn, as gon (11714), t<me (1010), taken (464), 



iakon (11828), i<^n (7427) ; and many verba of thia class have no 
tenuination in the past part., as set (279), put (305), light = lighted 
(11792), >i (11795). 

But the most important forma are those of the Imperative, which 
in the sing, and plu. genoTallf end in g, or es varying into m and y«, 
aa bee (649), euffers (2641), liouee (4605), notet (2630), coidU (627), 
heilys (2623) ; but often there ia no termination at all, as leve = 
believe (239), deme (528) ; and sometimes the same verb takes both 
forms, as bee (6265), be (6270); leete (1893), wetis (2786); Jet 
(22Z9),'-iettis (2237): indeed, in almost every speech we find the 
Imperative both with and without termination, and in U. 2630 — 66 
all the varieties of form are found. In this section of the verb too 
there ia the same tendency to contraction and to drop the termina- 
tions, which we hare before noted in the other sections, and which 
is apparent in all the inflected parts of speech, and especially in 
words that are li^uently used. 

Of the anomalous verbs may be noted the forms bee (occurring 
in speech and dialogue, elsewhere the usual fonna of 'o Ae are 
generally employed), gar, ger, with prets. gaH, gert ; lia, han, has, 
hose; ma, mas, mase; ia, las, tase, tan, tane; mun, mon, mut ; 
btu, bud; ges = gives; pai<i = went; aght =^ owed; aght ^ 
possessed, owned ; tliar, f/turt ^ need be. 

Eegarding the prepositions the following peculiarities may be 
noted : the almost constant use of for with the Infinitive, as for to 
idle, for to here; and with the verbal sb., as for lernyng of v8,for 
likyng to liere, where it has the force of fur the purpose of, to he fit 
for : for is also used in the sense of in spile of, as for all po lapes 
(890), /or wepyn or other (6439), and in this sense it is still used : 
tai = to (131, 11249, U786), of = through, by (6410), furgh = 
through, furght ^ throughout, again and again through, at = to, 
at, by (6096), out by (9300) : and often the preposition is omitted 
after the object of a verb, as in L 6838, refe hym hie foe. 

From the foregoing analyaia we find that the elements of thi» 
work are Northern and West Midland ; but their combination ia not 
so regular and constant as to permit the idea that we have here an 
example of a mixed dialect, but rather a mixture of dialects. In 


those portions of the work that aie in the copying style, and in the 
portions that are written more carefully, there are fewer West Mid- 
land pectdlaritiea, and more decided marks of Korthern origin ; and 
in those passages that seem to have been written to dictation, it is 
in N'orthem words and fonna that we find Uie most evident mistakes, 
and the most peculiar spelling. 

It is in such passages only that he has spoOed the alliteration by 
the nse of wh, as has been already stated ; and in ereij case it is 
Bet right by nsing gw or gwh. Besides, many words and phrases 
occor throoghont the work, that are peculiarly fforthem ; and there 
are references to varioos subjects that only a native of the Korth 
would make, and one who was intimately acquainted with the 
ITorthem metropolis ; and very many of our author's iavourite forms 
and phiaBes are still common in the Lowlands of Scotland. Hence, 
we conclude that the work was originally in the Northumbrian 
dialect, and that its present West Midland peculiarities were got in 

Another line of proof leads us to the same result : the work is 
undoubtedly by the same band as the Morte Arthur, which certainly 
is of Northern origin. When mnTring the transcript of the MS. for 
our society, I recognized many of the peculiar words and phrases 
that I had noted in the Morte Arthur only a few months before ; 
and, when preparing the work for the press, the points of resemblance 
were so many and so striking, that I resolved to make a careful com- 
parison of the two works. In this I was much encouraged by the 
opinion of the Rev. W. W. Skeat, who detected the resemblance in 
some of the first sheets that were sent to him, and pointed out some 
interesting partit.ulars connected with the alliteration that greatly 
assisted me in working out the proofs of the identity of authorship.' 
As Cbese are given very fully in the notes at the end of the work, 
they need not be stated here : suffice it to say that the result of the 
comparison of the two works not only established 'Uie point that 
they were written by the same author, but that the present work 
must hare been the earlier of the two. The diction, the alliteration, 

' Ur Skeat was tb« &i«t who observed a whole line oonuDOn to both 

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Ixii 1 

nodes of thought and expresBion, pictures of battle and of the 
seaaons, all contribnted proofa to that effect ; and not the least jn- 
teteetiiig particnlar of the comparieoa is the marked superiority and 
finish of the pictoies of the Morte Arthni oyei the similar ones in 
the Destruction of Troy. 

"Who then was the author 1 Neither of the works ^tos us the 
slightest hint ; but we should have known at least his name if the 
MS. of the present work had folfilled the promise of its Index, ot 
latlier, if the MS. &om which the existing one was taken had not 
been defectire near the end : and strange that it was defective just 
at the place where the story ends " with the nome of the knight 
that causet it to be made, and the nome of hym that trsnslatid it out 
of latyn in to englysshe." Every reader of onr old htemtare has 
monmed over the meagreness ot nothLngness of pt^culais r^rding 
the old poets : in many instances, as here, not even the name has 
come down to us. Yet in how many cases besides this one, may 
Hiai not hare turned upon the loss of a leaf, — even a portion of a 
leaf of a MS. 1 And yet the one who wrote the Morte Arthur must 
have been a poet well known among his fellows ; and the one who 
translated the stoiy of the Fall of Tray from Latin into English 
must have been famous as a scholar and a poet ; but the one who 
did both, and could picture life in court and camp, in peace and war, 
in the streets of the capital, and on board ship in a storm at sea, as he 
has done, most have been at once a poet, a scholar, and a nobleman 
famous all over the island : yet even his name has been almost lost. 
We say almoet : for, fortunately, he wrote some other works which 
hare been preserved to us, and regarding which we hare a passing 
record by a brother poet who must have been contemporary with him. 
In ' The Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland,* Bk v. ch. xii, Wyntown 
mentions a poet — Hnchowne of the Awle Ryale, who wrote ' The 
Awntyr of Gawane,' and ' The Pystyll of Swete Susane,' and who 
was " cuiyws in hys style " and " cunnand in literature." How, in 
' Oolagros & Gawane,' and ' Susanna & the Elders,' we no donbt 
hare the poems referred to, and these, with 'The Awntyrs of 
Arthure' (which ought to he rather 'The Awntyrs of Gawane') are 
a set of poems of the same age, by the same hand, and frxim internal 


eridence oi^inally in the eame di&Iect, althongb the ' FjatyU,' like 
oat ' Destniction of Troy,' has been rendered hj a West Midland 
scribe. Wyntown tells ua also that the same suthoi " made the gret 
Geet off Aithoie," and gives some partictdars regarding the vork 
which enable tu to identify it in the ' Morte Arthure,' as haa been 
coDclnsively done by Sir Frederic Madden in his volume ' Sir 
Gawane.' And not only is the 'Morte Arthnre' by the same 
anthor, as internal evidence cleady shews ; bat the particular apon 
which Wyntown dwells in asserting the " suthfastnefl " of the author, 
forms a strong proof that this ' Destraction of Troy ' came irom the 
same hand. In bis plea for his brother poet, Wyntown juetifiea him 
for calling a great military leader an emperour ; for. 

and empeionr is the title by which onr author calls J 
leader of the Gi«eks ; and when Palamedee was chosen to auccned 
him in command, the Greeks "ordant hym Emperoor by oppyn 
assent." And this is but one of the many proofs which might be 
adduced to the same effect, and which the reader will find in onr 
ITotefl at the end of the work. In both poema we find the same 
peculiar words and phresea, the some peculiarities of thought, the 
■ame favourite snbjecte, and the same methods of viewing and 
lepieaentiiig them : even the di&rencea of thought and expression 
an such as could be presented only by the sam^ mind in different 
moods. But beyond the name we know almost nothing of our 
author. Tfia works shew bim to have been all that Wyntown 
claimed for him as a scholar and a poet ; his pictures of the seasons 
and of scenery testify that he had travelled much and observed 
keenly : and his representations of life and manners, especially in 
the court and the camp, together with his iatimat« knowledge of 
localities and ^miliar use of peculiar local names, suggest that he 
was probably a nobleman connected with the Scottish court in the 
latter half of the 14th century. 

The work is now brought to a close with deep feelings of grati- 
tude and regret : — regret for the many imperfections that mar it, for 
Qie many hindrances and delays that have befallen it, and chieOjr 



that my fellow labourer, the Rot. G. A. Fauton, did not live to see 
it completed: and gratitude for the friendships it has been the 
means of forming, and for the kindnesses those Mends have shewn. 
I thank them heartily, one and all ; particularly Mi FnrniTall, and 
especially the Eev. W. W. Skeat, who, in the kindest manner, 
rendered me much valuable assistance and advice. 


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M taaaj of the following oomottoni eonrist of ths addition of llital -«. it 
may b« well to Etalo thal^ where the oontraoted form of that letter appesrs 
distiiiotly in the H3., the letter U given In the Teit or Emta ; and wherever 
it ia doabtful, which It bequentlj i^ the letter hw been omitted. OooaaioQ' 
Ally the liber^hoa been taken to alt«r a small letter to a capital at the begiu> 
ning of a line, and in a proper name. 

p. 1, i. 4, /er end read ende 
p. 1, 1. 11, /or mind read mynde 
p. 2, L 28,/or Btryfe read e^jSe 
p. 2, 1. M,/0r fablls read flabUs 
p. 2, I. *a,/(w traiet read-Uiniei 
p. S, 1. is, for Ou;d read Ouyde 
p. a, 1. i9,/ar Vipgm read Virgille 
p. 2, 1. SG, /er weghai read w^hes 
p. 3, 1. GT, /or amemely read tMomWj 
p. 8, 1. 62, /nr loged read logede 
p. 3, 1. 63,/iir tothyr read totber 
p. 3, 1. 66, /m- dM read SiU 
p. S, 1. 69, /or ouerraght read oner- 

p, S, 1, liy/er grace read gratia 
p. 8, L 79,/0r dedea read dedis 
p. 3, 1. 80,/or gromides read grounds 
p. 3, 1. S3, /or kTDgee . . , cofitea read 

kynge* . . , coBt«» 
p. S, 1. B4,/(T Dukff read Dnkee 
p. 3, L til, /or kyngea enanued read 

kyngM enannede 
p. 8, 1. 89, /or ihalkei read shalkM 
p. 4, L 92,^ dyutea read d;ntM 
p. i, 1. S3,/i>r aftor rMif after 
p. 4, 1. 94, /or Ehall read dialt 
p. 4, L 96, /or tier with nmi f>#rwith 
p. 4, 1. 9S,/(>rinat«r rood mater 
p. i, titK for exit . , . Qolde read 

£iiit . . . golde 

. 5,1. 104,/or aread [ia] 

. B, side-note 2,/0r ytaile read jitaile 

>. S, 1. llSi/orloatreiuflonta 

. 8, L 1 14, /or brofier read bro))#r 

>. G, last side-note, delete 

.5,1. t22,/iirdn>wpyattenMj2dro«p- 

. S, I. 123,/(ir Ovid , . . Eydoa read 

OTide . . . Erofdoi 
. 6, 1. 126, /or said read aalde 
. 6, 1. 132,/i>r WeU read Wele 
. 6, I. 140,/orlBke read toke 
. 6, I. 141, /or wold read woide 
. 6, 1. U2,/0T prioket rooif priakat 
. 6. L 147, for bethoght read be- 

. 6, 1. H8,/or ware read war 
. 6, 1. 156,/0r flamand read flamanda 
. 7, 1. 163, fm- enohanntemontee . . , 

god read enohauntement^ . . . gode 
.7, 1. 168,/orfuastjngroaJ tnas^g 
. T, 1. 170, /or nelue rtad nelne 
. 7, 1. 174, /or wold read wolde 
. 7, 1. 189,/i)r King read king 
. 7, L 190, /<rr gobbott0t ... hid 

read gobbetto* . . . bide 
. 8, 1. 19S,/pr printed read pHatade 


Ixli EBB 

p. 8, 1. 197, /or janiey readjotiraej 
p. 8, I, 198, for Bem;d . . . him read 

Mmyde . . . hyta 
p. B, L 203, /ct- hood read honde 
p. 6,1 20S, fir tho^t read thought 
p. 8, I. 211, /or Mid read salde 
p. 8, 1, 216,/or go read goo 
p. 8, 1. 221,/in- jrou rsoii ^ 
pi 18*, 1. S12, /er iwongba read 

p. 18*, I 867, fer iTiianis read ijuflniH 
p. 19,\.Bi3,jfffriBaeme»readj«aeraM 
p. 23, 1. GG7, for Baid read salde 
p. 2tl, 1. S01,/or BBcrifloe read Sftcriflee 
p. 12, 1. 1242,/Dr jyneria read jyuerU 
p. 49, 1. 149fi,/irr feira r««2 ferr« 
p. 60, 1. ieO8,/0r color read oolow 
p; 60, 1. 1506, fir in read on 
p. 61, L 1632, /or thrioomg read 

p, 62, L 1663, /or besta raod bestM 
p. 66, 1. ie80,/in- of god read of [a] 

p. 67, I 1720, /«■ gremy rwiJ grem> 
R 67, L 1726, /w uk read aib 
p, 61, 1, 1837, fir umbly read tmnblf 
p. 61, L 1863, /or Be Bir rend Ben Bher 
p. 62, 1. ie93,/<n- to read of 
p. 62, 1. 1894,/<fr lofo read lora 
p, 68, 1. 1919,/iw onryng read orryng 
p. 86, L ■1977,/(n- fere read ferd 
p. 65, 1. 1978, for Left , . . fle read 
^ liBKt.,.A% and delete aonmanfttr 

p. 6B, 1. 20G2,/ar harmes read harmys 

p. 69, L 7f!ni,for too r*aii to 

p. 6^ t 2098, far MterioU read aete 

p, 70, 1, 212e,/i>r winter* read wintorle 
p. 71, 1. 2144, for mth read tithe 
p, lis, 1. 8*91,/or gremy read grem^ 
pi 128, L 8798,/orwordyo read wordya 
p. 137, L 8917,/(rr)GnffniHrM4f jeu«nu 
pi 128,1. S9G6,/i»-Iaffurerm^famure 
p. 164, L 4764,/in- gremy read gTem)> 
p. 166, L 4796, for booe read bone 
p. 166, L 6106, /or dame to read demo 

[me] to 
p. 186, 1. G733,/i)r ihont read ihont 
p. 196, 1. 6O68,/0r felona read felons 
p. 199, X 6127, /or Tnwyly read vn- 


p. 199, L 6133, for lene read lena 
pi 280,1. 7127,/orffoimetr«a^S'oQiiat 
p. 284, L 7273, for demly read derulr 
p. 2S9, 1. 7S83, deUU eimma after 

p. 274, 1. 8444, for vnfittyng read m* 

p. 276, 1. 4TT,/or feld read flld 
p. 278, L 8642,/i»- feld read felds 
p. 279,1. 8679,/in'GlomOHrreadclamw 
p. 279, 1, 8601, /tfr Birord read ewordo 
p. 286, 1. e767,/ar bold read bolde 
p. 287, Bubric, /or Dethe read Deaths 
p. 287, 1. 8840, Ar Fatroculkl . . . alM 

read Fatroculun , . . ala 
p. 287, !. 8842, for Xanoipun read 

p. 288, 1. 8867,.^ Terr read ferre 
p, 289, 1. 8889,/or bold read holda 
p. 289, 1. 8910, for werra read werre 
p. 290, 1. 8921. /or jjomyng read Comyiui 
p. 292, I. 8971,/or ferr read ferre 
p. 294, 1. 9040,/or well read welle 
p. 294, L 9048,/>ir gird read girds 
p. 296, 1. 9100,/or wend read wende 
p. 297, 1. 9133,/(jr y»rne read yerin 
p. 301, L 9263, for wold read wolde 
p. 806,1. 9400,/ifr tumyd read turoyde 
p. 316, 1.9662, /urraiked r«adraikede 
p. 820, 1. 9836, for ded read deds 
p. 831, L 9B42,/tir birr read birre 
p. 823, 1. 98G9, for entrid read ontrido 
p. 323,1. 9876 j^DT ground rradgrouDde 
p. 833, 1, 9903, for vmbraid read vm- 

p, 836, 1. 10391, /ar laited reo^laitedo 
p. S37, 1. 10320, for end read ende 
p. 344,1. 105i6,/orMuyanrMii»eyuon 
p, 849, 1. 10706, for Betneene read 

p. 849, ]. 10713, for damp read dnmp 
p. 366, 1. 10903,/i>r bed read hede 
p. 359, 1. 1 1015, for wordee read wordei 
p. 3T3, ]. 11462, fir groaund read 

p. 379, 1. I163S, for Ainphimaoo«« 

read Ampbynaoui 
p. 389, 1. 11942, fir poltuhit read 

p. 892, !. 12038, for company read 

p. 403, L 1236S,/i>r burgh read burglia 
p. 406, 1. 134S4, far mertrid read 



p. 406, 1. 12617, /or leymood read lej- 

p. 412, 1. 12639, far Bklandwr- read 

p. lis, 1. 1272B, for Oute read OuE 
p. «7, 1. in9i./or lond reed londe 
p. 419, 1. 12867, for Boerdaad read 

p. 421, 1. 12906,/iir bo-fell read befeile 
p. 427, 1. 13070,/or Billed read eiilede 
p. 432, 1. 18201,/!^ kyd read kjdo 
p. 433, 1. 13263, for epird read spirda 
p. 437, 1. 13371,/in- lord read- lorde 
p. 438, I. 13399, /er Oumond read 

p. 460, L 13794, /or gljaBODOnd read 


.tA. Ixvii 

p. 4S2, 1. 13803, for luked ... bed 

read oakede . . . beds 
p. 466, 1. 13904, /or hold read holds 
p. 465, 1. 13913,/ar hond read bonde 
p. 456, !. 13930,/nr birr mad bir» 
p. 162, L 6, /or They atuk read Thsj 

p. 467, 1. 10, /or EydOB read Eroydos 
p. 490, note to 11. 1977-S, delete eemma 

qfter tene 
p. 491, note to 1. 1996, /or damp into 

belle read dump into hells 
p. 498, nots (o 1. 3703, /or BtUl used 

Tor read still applied to 
p. 498, DOte to L 3746, delote See note 

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[Li the MB., aa hu been stated in pp. Uii— !▼, Books XSXII— TI ara dis- 
Bmuiged, Mid tbe Index foliowB the diBorder : in the Text the; ue properly 
■rrsDged, and the Index Is alteced acoordingl;.] 

The Prologe of thia Boke [1] 

Tho £ist boke ; how Kyng Pelletu exit lasou to get the 

goldyufleae [5] 

The ij* boke : how the greke* toke loud vpon troy. Cawse of 

the firet debate [12*] 

The i^* boke : how Medea enfoimyt laeon to get the flese of 

gold [24] 

The iiij'^ boke : of the dlstruccos of the first Troy by Ercnles 

Alaeoa [38] 

The T** boke : of the fonndyng of new Troy, & of the i^werell 

of Eyng Fmm for hifl fader deth [61] 

The sezt boke : how Kjng Pmm toke coonaell to wei oa tho 

grekM [68] 

the T\i^ boke : how Paris want into greee for Elan [90] 

The yuj^ boke : of the connsell of the greke* for recoru/Tiig 

of Elan [116] 

The ii** bote : of the nowmber of shippes, & the Nany of tha 

grekw [IS!] 

The x** boke : how the grekea sent vuto delphon to bane 

omwar of a god of fiere lomay [135] 

The^" boke: bow the grekes eaylet fro Attbens to Troy ... [H8] 
The x^*^ boke : bow the grekis sent two kyngw in message 

to £yi]g Prtam for restitacon of ^«re h&nne [^^^^ 

The zi^*' boke : how the giekes sent AcbiUes and Tbebefon 

for vitaill for the oste mtoMeeson [168] 

The xii(j*' boke : how &6 grdkes eailet &o tenedon to be-e^e 

of the Cite of troy, & of the couDsell of Dyamed to stir 

the Cit^ & the deth of Protheaseloa by Ector slayn, & of 

the strong fight at the Ariuall ... [161] 

The 3^ boke : of the ordinounce of the troiena to the secnnd 

batell, & of the deth of Pattsclos by Ector alayn, & other 

Uiingfiavtiq [197] 

)b, Google 

The xvj"' boke : of a trew takyn two monythee, & of the iij* 

bateU [230] 

Tlie ZTJj'^ boke : of ttie counsell of the grekst for the detb of 

Ector, & the iiij'^ batell [238] 

The rriij"' boke ; of the fyuet batell in the feld [246] 

The xii"' boke : of the Beit batell [25+] 

The ix"" boke ; of the vij"' batell & akyrtnychis lafltjng jxx 

dayes betwene the towne & the teutte* ... ... ... [2G6] 

The xzj*^ boke : of the Tiij batell, and of the drem of Ector 

wyf [274] 

Thexxyboke: of the EUeuynt batell of the Cit4 [292] 

The xxiy boke; of the xJj and the xiij" batell [30S] 

The xiiiy boke : of the liiy and the rv* batell of the Cit^ ... [314] 
The xxY boke : of the sextene, seynentene, the eghtene, and 

thexix batell ... ...[322] 

The xxvj boke: of the XX batell of the Cit6 [331] 

The xxvij boke : of the xjy batell of the Cit4 of Tioy . . . [352] 

The xzTivj boke : off the coancell of Eneas & Antenor of tieson 

oftheCit4 [364] 

The zxix boke : off the takyng of the tonne & the deth of Kyng 

Pnam [386] 

The XXX boke : of the atryfe of Thelaraon & "Vlyxes, & of the 

deth of Thelamon, with the exile of Eneaa & Antenor ... [397] 
The xxxj boke : of the passage of the grekea firo Troy ... [407] 

The xxx^ boke : of the lesyng that was made to Kyi^ Ifawle, 
& of the dethe of his son Palamydon : the dethe of Aga- 
mynOQ, & the exile of Dyamede by )iere wifes ... ... [410] 

The xxxiij boke : how Orest tote venionae for his fader dethe [423] 
The xxxiiij boke : how hit bappitTlixes aftur the sege ... [429] 
The xxxT boke r of Pirroa, & hia paaayng firo Troy, & of hia 

cronyng, & of his deth [*38] 

The xxxvj boke, & the laet : of the dethe of Vlixea by his son. 
Whiche endis in the story w' the noine of the knight fi' 
cauaet it to be made, & the nome of hym that trana- 
latid it out of latyn in-to englysshe. And how long the 
eege last, with the nowmber of grek^ & troiena that wera 
elayn ; & what kynges Ector ^ogh : whom Paris slogh : 
whom AchiUee slogh : whom Eneas slogh ; whom Pinna 
slogh : and Laudes deo [^^^] 

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Maistur in Dugest^ maker of AUe, (fiiLia.) 

Eudles and on, eaec to last ! 

Now, god, of ^i grace graiint me Jii heipe, 

4 And wysshe me with wyt fiis werke for to end ! 

Off aonteTB ben olde of annaetris nobill, or the lubi* inn 

And filydjn vppon tihlepe by aloineryng of Age : 

Of B^the men in stooro strongeat in armes, undofttMiiaDt 

6 And wisest in wei to wale in hoT tyme, ' 

pat ben diepit wttA deth & yav day paste. 
And most oat of mynd for }wre mecnll aga, tn» iohh tan 

Sothe stories ben stoksn Tp, & stranght ont of tonottu; whut 

12 And swolowet into swym by swiftenes of yeres, 

Ffbr new ^at ben now, next at OUT bond, ' srt)ii>H<irnion 
Breuyt into boke» for boMyng of herte« j mwdid m booki 

On luBti to loke witft lightnea of wiUe, Ji^*"***^ '^ 

16 Obsnyt tbioughe cbaunce & cbaangyng of 
Snm tra for to traiat, triet in ^ ende, «»» ■» trw wd 

Sum feynit o feie & ay false vnder. 
Tcbe wegh as he will watys bis tyme, tth dMin lo 

20 And bas lykyi% to teme ^ hym list after. Wm nmt. 

But olde stories of e^tlie ^t astate belde, Batentiateiat 

May be solas to Gum Jiat it segb neuer. 


msrdad bi nan Be vn'tyng of Tees pat wist it in dede, 

uwiD mv <i*U(h( 21 With sight for to serche, of horn ))at euet after, 

Mw ii«u. To ken all the crafte how Je case felle, 

By lotyng of lettnra (wt lefte were of olde. 

Tte Poat daeiuH flow of Ttoj forto telle is myn entent euyn, 

UHunhMihwii 2d Of the stonie & pe stiyfe when it distioyet was. 

^™ hu ]}<*f f^l^ yeree ben faren syn )>e fight endid, 

""^ ™' And it nieuyt out of mynd, myn hit I thinka 

"ui- • '■) Alss wise men haue writen the wonles before, 

32 Left it in latyn for lemyng of tb. 

Bat Bum poyetis fiill prist pa.t put horn ^erto, 
WiU fablie and falehed fayned fen epeche. 
And made mote of pat mat«r faa horn maifiter 
were: Q 

36 Sum lokyt oner litle and lympit of the eothe. ' 
Amongee ^t menye, — to myn hym be nome, — 
HoDwr, ■bo It Homer waa holden b«it:bill of dedis. 

uui how On Qvilea hia dajes endniet, detiiet of other 

40 ]ptX wi'tA the d'ckye was gret & of grioe comyn. 
foit ftmnu ukt He feynet myche fals was neoer before wroght. 

And traiet pe truth, trust ye non other. 
ootr neb HUM. Of his trifitls to telle I haue no ttone n6we, 

44 .Ne of his feynit fare put he fore with : 

How goddw foght in the filde, folke as Jiai wore, 
And other errours vnable pat after wore knowen, 
That poyetis of pnee have' preuyt Tntrew ; 
48 Ouyd and othir fiat onest were ay. 
Virgin fe virtuuB, verrit for nohill, 
Thee danipnet his dedys & for doll holdyn. 
But p« truth for to telle & pe text eayn 
52 Of pat fight how it felle in a few yerea, 
]}Bt was clanly compilet wtt& a clerk wise, 
OnidoaiCoioDni On G-ydo, a gome, pat graidly hade soght, 

thi'foiiSin"' -*"'! ^* "^I f® works by w^hea he hade, 

■'"'■ 66 That bothe were in batell whUe the batell last. 

And eujjsr sawte & assemely see viih (lej-e een, t>hidii.Hmipii.d 
Thai wrote all Jie werke* wroght at fat tyrae. 
Is lettuis of ))ere laagoge, aa f ai lemede hade : 

GO Dares and Dytes were duly ^em namys. OuvudDiayi 

Dites full dere was dew to the Grelcjs, 
A lede of ^at lond & logcd host with : (rai-ia.} 

The tuthyr waa a Ij^Ue out of Troy selfe, 

64 Dares, fat duly the dedys be-h«lde. DHn.vbom 

Aither breuyt in a boke on fere best wise, dIS^i.i,irii h* 

That eithen at a cite somyn were founden M.Ttatar7o('ih» 

After at Atthenes aa aunter befell ; 2^^'"*" 

68 The whiche bok«o barely bothe as f ai were, 
A Romayn ouerraght & right hom hym-aeluyn, 
That Comelirfti was cald to his kynde name. cimtanKr^-m 

He translated it into latyn for likyng to here, iM\n, imi «> 

72 But he shope it so short fat no shaike might work hid utC 
Haue knowlage by course how fe case felle ; q™""* ^' 
ffor he brought it so breff, aud so bare leuyt, 
()at no lede might have likyng to loke ferappon, 

76 Till fia Gydo it gate, as hym grace felle. 
And declaret it more clerc & on dene wise. 
In this shall faithfully be founden to the fei tnihiihinorj 

All fe dedea by deno as fai done were ; wmaa»^ 

80 How fe groundes fitst grew, & fe grete hate, 

Bothe of torfer and tene fat hom tide aftur. 

And here fynde shall ye faireof fefello peopull, ofiiitorifiinud 

^Vhat kynges fere come of castes aboute t , ir.ii ofih. Kingm 
84''[0f,DukM full douehtv. and of ^ ^^p'e Erlea. r "^'^ ""^ ^^ 

Tliat assemblid to fe citie fat sawte to defend : 

Of fe grekjB fat were gedret how gret was fe 

How monyknightef fere come & kynges enarmed, 
88 And what Dukes thedur droghe for dedis of 

What Shippes fei-e were shene, & shalkes with in, 


, Google 

Bothe of barges & buomes Jiat broght were fro 

grew : 
And all the batele on bent ]ie buerneit betwuue. 
What Duke Jxit was dede throughe dyntes of 

Who ffalkn waa in ffylde, &, how it fore aftur : 
Botbe of truse & trayne |)e tnithe shall ^u here. 
And all the ferlios fat fell vnto the ferre ende, 
Sio this prologe I passe & part me fer with, 
ffrayue will I fer and fraist of fere werke«, 
If eue to my mater nnd make hero an ende. 

Ciflidl IJiolognt. 

) by Google 

$elUus exit lason to set i>t fSes of dSo^t. 

In Teeeaile hit tyde as thiia in tyme oliie, j 

100 A ptouynce app^pret aperte to Rome, J 

An yle enabit nobli and wele * 

With a msner of mea, mermydoiis colled : 
There was a kjng in )iat coste fat ^e kithe ought, 

104 A noble man for |ie nouest ia naniet Pellens. 
That worthy hade a wyfe walit hym-eeluon. 
The truthe for to telle, Tetyda ebe he^^t : 
lX!8 gret in pere gamyn gat« horn betwcne, 

106 Achilles by channce chiualrouii ia amies. 
(More of thiee Myrmydons mell I not now, 
Enabit in (fat aile,) {ne] EtiU wiU I ferre, [ 

How Mawros were mea made on a day s 

112 At fie prdyer of a prinse ^at peopull hade lost.) 
This Pelleue pert, prudest in armys. 
Hade a brojter of birthe bom or hym-seluyn, i 
That hetre was & Eldiat, and Eaon be hight. i, 

1 16 Till it fell hym by fortune, faintyng of elde, 
Unstithe for to stire, or atigbtiU the Realine, 
And all were, & weike, wautide his eight, { 

Of Septnr and soile he sesit his brothir, 

120 And hym crownede as kyng in {wt kithe liche. 
Eeon afterwarde erdand on lyfle. 
Endured his dayes drowpyaite in age, 
As Ovid openly in Eydos tellua, 

124 How Medea the maiden made hjin all new, 

, Google 


Bonk 1. By crafte fat she koutli of hit coint artys. 

Kson, fut elde man fat I er said, 
Hade a sou of hym-eelfe eemly to wale, 
j««<in,»nnf 128 And Jason, fat gentill aioynet was to name : 

titba-i uircM. A faire man of foture, & felliat in armye, 

As meke as a Mayden, & mery of liia wordia. 
This Jason for Ids gentris was ioyfull till all, 
132 Well louit -aith pe lordes & the londe hole ; 
All worshipped pat worthy inwonea about«, 
No les ])an ^e lege. pa,t horn lede ehuld : 
And he as bainly obeyede to the bueme his Eme, 
136 Ab poi hifl ayie hade the soile & septure to yeme, 
Pelleus persayiiit the people anone. 
That the londe so bym lonede, lorde as he were. 
And ay drede hym on dayes for doute ^t might 
1 40 Leet he put hym from pri'uelage & hifi place take. 
Of Tcsaaile, as truths wold, to be trew kyng. 
Thiia Pelleus wtVi payne was pricket in hcrt, 
ffull egurly witA enay, & euer hym bethoght, 
144 "With a course of vnkyndnes he caste in his 
The freike vpon faire wise ferke out of lyue, 
Fiiiu dnbB uw And he tio daunger nor deire for pat dede hauo. 

JHoniBiMrrti He bethoght hym full thicke in his throo hert, 

ttm. 148 And in his wit waa he ware of a wyle Eone, 

Of a fame pat fer in fele kynges londftj, 
ifoLtt.) And borne was a brode for a bare aunter. 

Whwundho* Out in the Orient Orible to here, 

fMi-wt. 152 In a cuntre waa cald Colchos by name, 

( •'lu.'') Waa (an) aunter in a nyle pat I nem shall, 

Beyonde the teraga of Troy as Jie trety sayse, 
Therewasawonderfullwethur weglies to be-holde, 
166 WitA a flese pat was fj-ne, flamond of gold ; 
And pe Kyng of pat coste callid was by name 
Cbethes, for sothe, as soucrayne Sc lord : 

., Google 


He Mfoa niighty on nioltle & mekull goode hade, Book r. 
160 Ht3 priJe well ouerput, past into elile. £n«,Mi«n 

This whethur and f e wole were wonderly keppit 
By the crafte & the cure & conyng of Mara, 
That wi't/t chanues & enchauntementes was chefe 
16i Thus coyntly it kept was all with cleue art, Th. vitmr 

By too oxen oribull on for to loke, aimudftitai 

And a ijerfe dragon drcde to be-holde. 4™gon. 

These balfull best«« were, as ^e boke tellus, 
1 G8 ffull flauniond of fyre with fuastyng of logh. 
That girde thurgh ther gorge vfith a gret« hete 
A nelue brode ail Aboute, fat no bneme might 
ffor the birre it abide, but he hrente were, * 

172 And wo this wethur shuld wyn biide wirke as whimtrwoui. 
I say, ,nMt MiwtZ 

Ayre euyn to ^ Oxen, ontre hom in yoke, i^tS«"J^aM 

WitA striffe or witA stroke till fai stonde wold ; ^^ "" "* 
Aftur ayre vp the erthe on ar d a g h wise. 
176 Sythendrawe to fe dragon, & be derfe qwelle, Htrau.itiKB 
Girde out the gret* teth of the grym best, Si«u,i!.'^ 

And alse sede in )ie season aowe it on fw erthe, JJ|^'»-"™»ii 
ITian a ferlyfull frute shall he fynde after : 
180 The tethe shall ti/me tite vato knightea The imh mu 

Armyt at all pesea, able to were tZ^^^ 

Thai to falle vpon fight as fomen belyne, 5S!t,!"'«^ 

"WjtA depe woundes and derfe till all be dede °*"- 
184 All thee perels to pasao wiVi-outen payne other. 

That the flese wold fecche & ferke yt away. 

Of this wonderfull wethur for to here more, 
■Why it kept was by craft on so coynt wyse ; 
188 Hit was said oft sythea and for sothe holden, whjihe««r. 
That Chethes the same Kyng had a sora hoge J^rl^T^iu 
Of grete gobbottea of gold in the ground hid, Sft^,^^'™ 
And 80 kepid it witA craft of hia coynt artys : ^111^1^11.'"* 



192 And for to get of this gold & the grete aommys, 
ffor eouetous fere come knighte« full ofte. 
And endit in Auerya to ay laatand aorowe. 
This Pellou!) witA pyne printed in hert 
1 96 Iff he might nleghlj he sleght & eletyng of worded, 
Gar Jason ■wit/i any gyn the iomey vndertalie ; 
He were eeker as hyia semyd for sight of him 

And most likly be loate & his los kej)j)tt. 

200 Re purpast hym plainly in his pure ivit 
ffor to tyae hym ferto, if it tyde might. 
To take it hortely on hond in a high p)-/ile, 
And (le way for to wylne v/tth wilful! desyro, 

20-1 He cast hym full cointly be cauBO of this thyng, 
In a Cit4 be-syde to somyn a fest, 
WitA princes and pi-elatee & priso of the lond, 
Xhre dayes to endure wit/i dainten ynogh. 

208 The iij* day throly he thoght in hia hert 

ffor to mele of thia niat^ pat he in niynde hade : 
He cald Jason in his Japis vM a Joly wille. 
Before the baronage at ther burde thus fe 
bueme said, — 

213 " Coayn, it is knowen ))at I am Kyng here. 

And niekyll corofords* me the crowne of this 

kjde real me ; 
But more it Joyea me, Jason, of f i just werkw, 
}jat so mighty & meke & manly art lioLIyn : 

21 6 Now pi fame shall go fer & fu furse holdyn, 
And all pjouyns & pertes pi pea shall desyre. 
To tessaylc a tresiire tristy for euer. 
Thy aelfe to be eene and in auche fame, 

220 By pi name |)us anoisyt & for noble holden, 

Whyle you rixlia in this Reame no riot we drede, 
But all fferd be fperfore and frendship dyssire. 
Hit wold sothely me set as aouerayne in Joye, 

224 Iff our godd^ wold graunt Jiat fu grace bade, 

, Google 


That the Ifiese ))at is ffreshe flamond of gold 
Were brought throw pi boldness into ))is byg yle 
And ]>at wold doutlea be done & no dere In, 

228 Wold fa aSone >e Jinrfore and )ie fight take, 
Be of gouemance graithe & of good wille. 
Yiff pa puttea pe fiistlj ))is point for to do, 
Thou ehail araj-it be full ryoUe wt'tA a route noble 

232 Of my Baronage bolde & my beet wise. t 

I Bhall epare for no ^spence & fu spcde wele, ■ 
And do pi Aeuer duly as a duke nobill : 
Thou sbalt haue holly my hert & my helpe alse, 

236 And be lappid in my luife all my lyffe after. 
pa may be glad for to get such a good name, 
And haue for pi hardynes a full hegh mede : 
Leve piB for loll, me list it perfourme, 

240 And to hold it viUt bort ))at I hete nowe, 

I will fayne pe [no] faintie vnder bith wordee. 
When my dayefi be done fu sbalt be Duke here. 
And haue ]>e Crowne to kepe of ])i8 Kyd Realmc ; 

244 And while I liffe in this londe, no lesa )an my 

Halfe for to haue & hold for )ii name, 

And wiV( all wegbis to be worshipt to pa worlde* 

Whbn Pbllbub his proses hade puplishit on j 

348 And all eoburly said wttA a sad «-iUe, 
Jason vas Joly of his Jnste woidiu, 
^t in prveens of the pepull ]io profere were made. 
And mony stythe of astate etonding aboute. 

252 He hedit not the harme ))at in his hert lurkyt, i 
Ne the ifalshed he faynit vnder faire wordes ; I 
He drede no dissayet of his dera Tncle, |, 

fint hooped full hertely it come of hegh lone. 

256 Pen he trist hym full tyte in his tried strenght, 

, Google 


""ii !■ _ Thurghe hardynea of bond hopit to spede ; 

He put noght vapossible pelleins wordes, 
Ne thfi kyng« eouetous cast not before ; 
Hithtr tftuT 260 Jjen he grauntis to go wi'tA a grete chei«, 

uteinking villi And all thies ffeilj^s-to fraiet he fursly awouet. 


piuuiigM.ind Pelleua of the proffer \vas proude at liis bert, 


pnpuiuioiii liir And glad of |ra graunt before the grete lordje ; 

264 He ertid to an end cgurly faat, 

pat no taiying shuld tyde ouei' a tyme fiet ; 

And ^et ffortime rnderfougea |iat he feile shall, 

And irill put hyra fro purpos fat he presya after. 
268 He conaydret fat Calcos was closet in an yle, 

J)al no creature might keuer for course of the 

Sut Tt'tA ship fat shapou were fur fc shyro 
Hfmnmiudi ]}aa he comaundet to come of |)c crafte noble, 

Duiaiu, to bdM 272 A vright fat was wise fis werke for to ende ; 
wiiich i> oditd ^^'^ Argus fat after van abill of his crafte, 

^"^ Sone he dressit to hie dede & no dyn made, 

And made vp a mekyll ship, fe moat vpon erthe, 
276 })at aft«r bym awne selfe Argon was cald. 
Sum sayn full sure & for sothe holdyn, 
Ifit was fe formaat on flet« fat on flode past, 
put euer saile was on set vpon salt water, 
280 Or encr kairet ouer cost to cuntrie fer. 
J|ow onlaut was althing oneetly fere, 
And abundantly hroght fat bom bild might, 
WitA all stuff for fe stremes, fat bom strenght 

Umx nMt man 284 Monv noble for f e iionest to f e note yode, 

JolnOit ^ ' r J ' 

upedWoD, ciiW Tryed men fat were taken of tessayle rewrae, 

(ifli.«M To this Journey wtt/i Jaaon, as the geat tellus : 

All ontred into Argon after anou. 

, Google 


288 There was honerable Erculea egiir of willc, H«niiM,miof 

, , , . , . 3"^i S^-"^ Jui^wt Mid 

As poyetes haue pntked of his ppse fader : ajedum, wift at 

He was getton of n god on a gret latly, 

J3at i^oinet was Icbeter to hia iust« nome, 
292 And bis modor full mylde Aluieim was clepid : 

She was wyffe as I wene to worthy Amphitrio. 

This Ercules eu^rmore egur & hobill, 

The worde of his werkea thurghe ];e worlde 
sprange : 
296 So mony grounden he for-justtide & of ioy broght. 

That no tunj; might horn telle pot it tytoe hade. 

Hit is tolde in hia tyme, wo fat trawe lyst, 

In his bastines he higbyt vnto helle yatee, whodnnitdtiK 

300 A |)Te bedet hounde in his honnd ct^bt, Cutamtrom 

That was keper of the close of fwt curset In : 

So dang he [lat dog wi'tA dynt of his wappon, 

)3a,t pe warlag was wete of his wan atter, 
304 And tburgh voidyng of venym \fitii Toniett«« 

Mouy prouyns and parties were put out of helle. 

All ^at poites haue pricket of his pn'se dedis, 

I haue no tome for to telle ne tary no l«ngur. 
308 But pa wonders p&t he wrogbt in pm world here, 

In ycbe cuntre ben knowen vndcr Criste euyn. 

Tow pyllers he pigbt in a place lowe, 

Vppon Gailes groondeft, ^t he gotton bade : uid hi up tm 
312 Too whiche pyllers prute as prouyt is before, which mnniied 

The mighty ftfassidon Kyng maist^ of All, HmoiK 

The Eniperour Alexaunder Aunterid to come ; 

He wan all the world & at his wille agbt. 

A bialai occun here in the MS. of pcrhapa two nr Ihrcr pagea. 
Tfae eiteut oF the obTioiugapat the be^nninK of Book II. wu not 
■UBprcI'd, till it vu aaeertamed that ue wurk was a trsnilatioB 
from tiuido de Cnliinna. The foUowing eitrecta, from the Stru- 
barg Hlitirm, U39, comtmie the nlorj. 

) by Google 


ouk I, Obt«nta ergo a rege Pelpo Iwion nauigUDdi lic^ntta novA 

■]iDwtdM~ "'''^* niaria cum Heroule et Buis complicibua navi nova oiyuB 
Ji Htrnilia ^^'*' *'''''' BeconduB rentus imbuit et eJuB intlat afflatus look 
npu/, Thesali« cognita deeerit vnlde cito et ad iucagoita mariB loca 
nr from oitioa disBiliC veloci^aimo cursu huo. Uultis itaque diebtu ao 
""^ nootibua uavigautibus illis sub dueto Thesalioi Philotete el( 
jrBu:ii«4 diBcrete notantibus BttUanim oureum visibilium exiBtcDtium 
miM% juits polum mojoris urse scilicet at miuoris que nunquain 
thaoonduct occidunt, *•»••* 

**^» Noverat enim PbilotelcB Btcllarum curaua et motum ii 

Hchtlit alii|uiB eat in illia taaquaro ille qui caUHa navigationia emt 
of TtDy, multuni eipertuB. et imo aura necunda perflaule tamdiu recto 
id It Uii remige narigavit donee ad oraa phriglu regni Trojaui Tidelieet 
stowta. pertineiitiaB nova navis applieuit in poTtum Boillcet qui tunc 
dicebatur ab incolis Simoeuta. 

l,tber ^ecuntius. 

d Ored ftutem mariH fatigatione lawAti nt pn^enenint in 
\} tflmm in ipsam deficenJere quietja oauBa lilienti animo 
mnlJuntur et dewendentea ibidem receoUR aquas a fbntibua 
hnuriunt et ibidem pro majoria refrigerationis gratia moram 
ppr dipB aliqiios statueront non ut iocolis molestiam inferre 
disponerent nee nociuis dinpendiiB eon ledere aliquatenua al- 
templnrent. Sed iuvida fatonim series quie semper quiele 
virentibus est molesta ab inopinatia insidiis sine eausa tnimi- 
citinrum et scandnli causaa Iraiit propter quae tante cladis 
diffusa lues oibem terrarum infecerit ut tot reges et principea 
bellict^a nece suecumberent et tanta et talis civilas qualis 
eztilit magna Troja verea fuiEViet in ciuerem tot viduatis muli- 
eribua viris suis orliatin parentibus et tot pueris et tot puellis et 
dpmum jugo servilutia addictis. * • • • • 

Subsequenter describit historia quod lasone et Heroule cum 
• (liis in portu quioscentibus Simoente de eis ad Laomedontam 
regem Trqjauum fama peirenit, quod gens qua'dam Trojanig 
incognita scilicet gens gnscomm novo remigi Frigias partes 
intravit eicploratnra forte archana regni Trojani Tel potiug 
Trojip provincinm vasUturs. Ent autent diebuE iUis l^qja 



Don tants mi^itudiniB qualis fuit postmodum da novo QrmaUk, Book □. 
et in e» regnabit tunc rei predictua Laumedon nomine qui ~ IZZ" 

aainpto damnoso oonsilio cjuod utinam non fuiaset legatum "L"?"™™" 
Euuin in comitin muHorum ad Iiwonem destinavit ; quo ad •engo'. wbo Mli 
Ltaonem reoiente legationem guum eipiicat in h«a verba. Rez UHldng'inirprlH 
lAomedon hujoa regni domlnua de adventu yestro valde miratnr ■* •*" mirmM 
qaare le[T»Di Busm iotrftTistia ab eo liwntia non obtenta cujua 'j-Tiji 'l,,^'*^ 
eat intantio snb (ranquilla pace earn tenere ; hoc iHBtaatiMiine nnliidi^' 'rt^ 
mandat vobis ut inoontinenle debeatis Uiram ejus eiire ita mmi d<|jut Uu 
quod advenienla die wquenti ■oiatvoa ab omnibus teme bub h*7im«4v.« 
ftoibua receaBiaae ; quod si mandaWrom Buorum senlietvogooD- ^IJJJJ*'**^ 
temptores pro certo Doveritia ipsum jubere Buie in offeneionem 
vwti»m iimere et depopulationem rerun et vestrarum finale 
difpendium peisonaruin. Postquam lason totam seriem lega- Juou.Ui<iRiiighlr 
tionis audivit totus in it» etdolore cordis eiacprbatus intrin- jinragK^iiiiirBwi 
aecuB anteqiiam ad legatjonis dieta verba mutuala relorquerat, KmimMUmUiL 
conversus ad Buos lie locutas est eis. Laoroedoa rex hujus iniulllnc dli- 
reg;ai dominuB mirabilis difdeooriB iqjuriain Dobis infert cum miui. 
absque alicujiu offenaonis causa nos ejici a sua terra man- 
davit. lUqae «i eum regia DobiliUw aniniMBet noa tnandare 
debniaset hononiri. Nam bl casus lumilis ilium in Gmciam LKmedon would 
additxiset Bcivissel eibi illatnm a Grtecii non dedecns sed ho- hive twn mhcr- 
Dorem. Sed ei quo magis sibi dedecus quam honor applauait, 'J''* '™"J ,['' 
HOB etiam ai^laudimuB ut itii et ab ejus regni liuibus recedamus jeirly iudt bis 
cum posset contingere et leve sit quod ejus enonne oonaillum Dnwemt; ocm- 
mt cariasimo pretio redempturuB. Deinde conCinuatia verbia ^•^<*- 
conreTBua ad nuntium dixit, Amice 1 legfttionia tuie verba ^ ™()!' I-j 
diligenter audivimua et dona quie per regem tuum nobis more miXiiu t^ a> 
DobJUum Eunt transmisM recepimus aicut decet, deos noBtroB in taann; utotulij 
dei veritate teslsmiir non ei propositi! terram tui regis intr»sse ^ fmrri them 
nt offeniam ingereremuB in aliquem more predonio vlolentiam ^.^ forihwiUi 
Ulatuii. Bed com ad remotiores partes confeire DOB nuperrime b> inline— othen 
intendiunuB oecea^taB in banc locum diverlere necessario nos mlghtannRc 
eo^t. Die CTgoregi tuo nosde sua terra sine mora postposita '•i»lr"lu«tn'nit. 
receBBOTDS soituro pro certo qood etsi non per DOS poterit forte """ifl!^ ''*' 
per alios qui preaentem injuriam nobis illatam audierint non tSVonrlijiur 
lucra sed pressoraa et dampna infallibititer obtinere. HercuteB go lo-marTinr.' "* 
Tero verbis laaoniB non oontentuB regis nuncio ref udit hsso bol out ■ di> of 
verba. Amice quisqniB eg eeourereferas regi tuo quod ad plus l]!!,"'''^.!'"' 
die crastina de terrs nis niatione penitua diiicedemuB, Bed e„ "i^lIviiuTe 
eequentis lertii annl die* non erit eiitura dio illi qunm nos BhaiLiHuianciiof 
videbit Bi vivet in lerram suam velit aolit anchoraa irijecisEe et o" hi" ■llon^ 
de danda nobis tunc recedendi licentia non erit Bibi plena !!'''' I" ij?"" 
libertai cum talis litis ad presens inchoaverit questioneni quod ^ luy." 
priusqnam de eo possit auperare victoriam ignominioBi dede- Tbainioy 
ooriB pondere depremetur. CujuB regis nunoiuB rei^pondendo rBpUtt.— Ii )• 
rio dixit, Turpe satis est et nobili et precipue strenuo minarum ^^fj^^^jZ 
aagittss immittere neo mihi qui Bum misiua, eat commissum a worii, be mid 
i^e ut erga vos litiglosia verbis insistam. Dixi vobis quie dtUvtndUi 
mihi oommissa fuenint, ai aapienter agere placet vobia do con- "**?!**' "i 
ailium bonum ut ab hac term recedere non ait grave priusquam ^^^^ MOinnt in 
ponitia incurrere giaviora, cum leve non sit personas perdere pmctsnirarH 
qwe Be pomuDt consilio salubri tueri. Et poat bsc a Qnccis luppoud. 
petita licentia suum remeavtt ad regem. 2* "'"°" ■" "■• 


Book II. lasoD vera et Hercules nulla mora protracta Philotete vocato 

' ~ jubet nnchoram a niari subtrahi et omnia coiligere quie in 

„1J^^ tortii. t«r™n> Bdduierant causa quiotis. Bciebant enim si voluissent 

wtth «tlitli ^ Fbrigioa inaultare non esse eis in congreasu pares vel equalea 

■nclior; knowing in viribuB neo in pol£atia fortiores. Ergo Argoa ascend unt et 

ihuthajmuW elevatis velia diia duciliua Frigia desenmt litlora et suloaBles 

FfenriuKthiT ™^'^a Tentis afflantibus proaperig non post multos dies in 

ntuii, uidwon ColcM insuUm salvi perveniunt etdegideratumfeliciterportum 

nmb tfaair da- intrant. In inHuta i^lur ColcoB_ erat tunc lemporis qutedam 

■ind hiTwi— o» oivitas nomine laoooites caput reirni pro sua mairnitudine oon- 

Uuid at Colchofl r a r o— 

That was Jocund and J0I7 and Jacomede' tiigtit, 
Hit WRS Jie souerayno Citie of the Soyle euer. 
Of lenght & largenea lonely to nee, 
Well wallit for werre, watrit Bboute. 
Crete toures full toute all pe toune vmbe, 
Well bilde all aboute, & mony buenies In, 
Wt'tfc proude pala of prise & palj^s full noble. 
There was the aouerayne Cytie of Shetee fe kyng, 
Wi'tA hie baronage bolde & buernes full noble ; 
Mony Knightfis in his courtte & company giete. 
'ITier were fyldes full fairs fast fere bosyde, 
Witfi gret« medoes & grene, goodly to shows. 
With all odour of herbis fat on vrthe springes ; 
The boui'deris about abaet^het wttA leuya, 
Wi'tA slioteo of shire wode shene to beholds : 
Grete greuea full grsne, grecfull of dt-rs, 
Wilds bestea to wals was fere enow : 
HerdM at f s bond ay by liolte sydes, 
Vppon laundes fai lay likyng to see. 
Vmbe the sercle of ths Citie was sothely A playue, 
ffuU of flonrea frssshe fret on f e grounds, 
WitA leis-alea vppnn lofte lustis and fairs, 
"ftiik to ffolks to refrssshe for faintyng of bets, 

Wtt/i voidera vnder vines for violent sonnea. 
There waa wellit to wale water full nobill, 
In yehe place of the playne with plentius atrsmss, 
' rrobibljr for Ma, the capital of Colchis. 

nvwarijiiDd \tttf 


, Google 


WiU a swonghe aiid a sivetnes sweppit on pa B»k ii. 

gTOUn(te, Alt uonnd rnlKli 

And all fowles in ffuther fell pen vppon, maranaai 

344 ffor to reckon by right fat to lyuer hftunttea, ™,g, ^ uii,. 

Small briddec aboue in po bright louya 

Witti shriknt full shrille in the shire bowes ; 

The noise was full noble of notes to here, 
348 Thnrgh myrth & melody made vppon lofle. ifci.Tt.; 

To this BOue/Tij-ne Citie (rat yet was olofte, 

Jason [a]ioynid and his iust fferis, a> Jbwi uid hit 

Steppit vp to a streite etreght on hie gate. iheiranjtvUi* 

352 As pai past on the payment pe pepull beheld, "' 

Haden wonder of tho weghes, & wilfulde desyre 

To know of (jcre comyng and the causft wete, thi p»pi« mn- 

))at were so riaUy arait & a rowte gay. trhnx* in i whj 

356 So faire freikca vppon fote was ferly to se, 

So jonge and so yepe, ^ynoruJMf wiDe, 

ffoike fraynide fast at tho fre ^crnes. 

Of what ctmtre J»ai come &. the cause why. 
360 Was no wegh fat A word warpid hom too, 

But sewid furthe to the sale of Chethes the kyng : 

p&i bowet to the brode yate or fai bide wold. 

The Kyi^ of his curtcssy Eayres hom vnto. King Xtia 
364 Silet fiirthe of his Citie eerisunttes hym wi'tA, ui [hIi«. 

Mony stalwoTth in stoure as his oetate wold ; 

Than he fongid fo frcikes wi'tA a fine chere, 

Wt'tA hailsyng of hed bare, haspyng in armys, 
368 And led hom furthe lyucly into a large halle, 

Gaid vp by a grese all of gray nuirbill. 

Into a chamber full choise (chefe) on fere way, (1ib.Ii« ««».■,■•; 

J)at proudly was painted w/tA pure gold ouer; 
372 And fan sylen to sltte vppon silke wedis, 

Uadyn wyn fur to wale & wordes ynow. 

Then Jason to fc Just King (Joyuely) can say (ws. im* -jwh- 

., Google 

All the cause of his come to Calcos was pa.u : 

376 ilbi the flunimond fles )mt fi>le had deayriU, 
He hade wille for to wyn & away lede, 
By leue of the lord ))at ])e lond ^ht. 
After caat')rae to ke])e as the Kyn(,' set, 

380 Chethta full soburly & wiVi sad wordes. 
Has gruuiitid godely fiat he go sliutd, 
Soiome [tere a season, assay wiien hym lyke. 
Be fan bunles were bred in the brade haJIe, 

384 And )to mighty to racite meuit belyue, 

y^itli all deintes on dcse ^ut were dere holden ; 
Walid wyne for to wete wantid fai nuiie, 
In grete goblette* of gold yche gome hade. 

338 The Kyng was full curtois, calt on a maiden, 

Bede hia doughter come downe & his dere heiro. 
To ait by J»at semely, and solas to make. 
This maiden full mylde, Medea was callid, 

392 Wlian she sought into sale salute horn all, 
WiVi Idutyng full low to hlr lefe fadir, 
Slie was eldiat & hcire etlit to his londat, 
Hym chefet thurghe chaunse childer no mo ; 

396 And ahe at bond for to baue husband for age, 
Byg ynoghe vnto bed w/t/i a bold knight. 
She was luffly of lere & of lore wise, 
And kyndly hade conjng in the clene artia : 

400 pere was no filisofera ao fyn found in (lot lond, 
Might approche to frtt precious apoint of her wit 


Of uygraniafijii ynogh to note when she liket. 
And all the fetea full faiie in a few yeres. 

404 Wyndis at hir wille to wakyu in the aire, 
Gret showrea to shede & shynyng agayne, 
Haile from the heuyn in a hond wliile, 
And the li^^lit make lea aa hir lefc thought; 

408 Mcrkc at the mydday & the nioue chaungc, 



To clere Sune into Clippis & the cloude* dym ; Book n. 

The ElemcnW ouertume & the erthe qwake, 

fBodes with fane flow agayne the hilles ; 
413 Bowes for tobeire in the bane nlattar, 

ITor to floriaehe faire & pa frute bryng ; 

Yong men yepely yarke into Elde, 

And the course i^yne calle into clere youtfae. 
416 All thiee Japea ho enioynit as Oeutils beleued, 

All thies maistres & mo sht: made in hir tyme, 

Als put ia in poise and prikkit be Ouyd, 

)Mt feynit in his fablls & other fele stories. HidOrtdiinigi 

420 Hit ys leUy Dot like, ne oure belefe oskys, inpouiiiit m • 

)>at suche ferliea ahold fall in a fiale woman ; teimigi ooiy m 

But only gouemauBse of God {lat fe ground *^' 

And ilke a planet hase put in a plains course, 
424 liat tuntys as fere tyms comys, trist ye non other. 

As he formed horn first flitton ^ai neuer ; 

Ne the cleie Sune ncuer clippit out of course yet, Th* Mgiit •«> 

Bat whan Criste on the crosse for our care deghit; ratDr^^netm 
428 Than it lort hade the light as our lord "Vold, ''J^^^'^ 

Erthe dymmed by dene, ded men Rooee, 

The gret tempull top tomed to ground. 

This Medea the maiden, fat I mynt first, 
432 t)at gay was in garmentes & of good chere, 

And als wemen hane wille in pere wilde youthe. 

To fret horn wttA fyn perle, & ^re &ce paint, 

Wiih pelur and pall & mony proude rynges, 
436 Euyn set to ^ sight and to seme faire ; 

This gentill by Jason ioinet was to sit, ((m.»o.) 

Asbecomaundementincourtte of hir kynd fader. dmHdiiu 

Hit is wonder of the wit of this wise kyng, „ g,, J^ 

440 Wold assent to pat sytting fot hym aowet after, '™'""™*'' 

And his doughter to dresse in daui^er of loue, 

To sit wttA )>at semely in solas at ))e meite. 

Syn wemen are wilfull & Jiere wit chaunges. 

, Google 


»"'' "■ Hi And BO likrus of loue iu likyng of yowthe, 

J)U vnivanies of wit wrixlis hys mynd. 
What fortheps pi fare and fi false goddes. 
And Jfara the mighty fat fu mykill tristl 
448 Agayne )ie wyles of wemen to wer ia no bote, 


whm uxiHi ii ^\Tien this mylde in hir maimr was at be meite 

•hima. wiih Betwene hir fader and |)e freke, )iat I first ment, 

•iw(Linmu"' Hir shire tface all for shame shot into rede, 

452 And a likyng of loue light in her hert ; 
Hir Ene as a treudull tmnpd full rounde, 
flirst on hii fader, for feare ^at she hade, 
And setbyn on fai semely wVi a Bad wille ; 
456 Sniale likyng of lotie lurkit in bir myndc, 
And she light on Jidt lede wi't/t a loue egh ; 
liirst on his face fressho to beholde, 
And his lookes full louely loinniid as gold, 
460 And all ffetuTS to ffjiid fourmed o right. 
«Dita fxtmnii The sight of fat semely sanke iu hir herte, 

DEiitaer (u not And muysshed hir radly f e rest of hir sawie, 

Sho hade no deintithe to delo witA no deire 
464 And hir talent was taken for tAstyng of wyne. 
Soche likyng of loue Inppit hir witA in. 
That euyn full was fiat fre and no fode touchet 
CfcL»»-) And (lilt keppit she close in hir clene hert, 

Bui ihg kMps It 468 That no wcgh fat hir waited wist of hir thought ; 
■ndiiKiikaiha But hir scmhlauud so sad was scmond to hom. 

lifiiny thoughtw full thro thrangc in hir bieet. 
And fus sho spake in hir sprete if ho spedc 
myght : 
72 " I wold yonder worthy weddit me hade, 
Bothe to burde & to bede hlessid were I : 
So comly, so cleano to clippe vpon nighiet, 

mf. Mil 



So hardy, so hynd in hoU for to se, 

476 So Inffly, ao lykyng wi'U lapping in armys ; 

Well were that woman might weld hym for ener." 

DiBeyring full depely in her deme bert, 

As maaer ie of maydons pat maynot for shame, 

480 ffor to langaysshe in lone till pero leie chann^ : 
Shentyng for shame to shew forth Jiere emd,' 
As fnd wylne to be woghit Jure woiship to sane. 
Mony bnidya bene broght to )iaiTe bare dethe, 

464 |lat wondyu for wonderffiil |iaire wille for to 
Whan Jie feat and ye fare was loieu to the ende. 
And bordes borne downe, tnimea on fot«, 
Medea myldly meyet to ohanmber 

488 Be lene of fe Undet and ye ledya alL 

The Elnightes at the Syng cachyn yen lene, 
Intill a ohaumbei fall choise choeen Jere way • 
Be comanndement of ]re Kyng, & Jie couitte 

492 Medea the mylde, Jiat I ment fiiet, 

Woz pale for pyne in hir priuy chamber, 

In a longyng of lone as the lowe hote, 

Wt'tA a Sykyng vnaonnde, pat sbuet to hii hert ; 

496 She compaat kenly in hir dene wit 

ffor to bring it abonte &, hir bale Toide. 

Thus sbo diof forth hir dayes in hir depe tJioght, 

WttA weping and wo all the woke ou«r, 

500 Till it fell hir by fortone, as I ^d here, 
On a day, as the Bukea were ousr dee set. 
And comynd wi'tA the Eyng of Knighthode in kidcj 

Chethea for ^at semly sent into chamber, 
504 Bade hia dooghter come doune to bir dete fader 
And aho obeit hia bone, & of bonre come 
In clotbea as be-come for a kyngea dooghter, 
Ami obeit the bolde, and bowot bir fader : 


608 And he asaignet hir a eeite, }Kit lur-eelfe liket, 
With chore for cheiys the chioalnie Knightee, 
As manerwoa of t^idonea, wi'tA hir myld chere. 
His commandment to kepe ebo hir ooime held, 

B12 And Joynet by Jaaon lastly to sit; 

And he welcomed fab worthy aa he well koatlw : 

A litill set hym on syde, A a aeet leaet, 

ffor to mele witA ])at maidyn & hir mode here. 

616 The Kyng witft other knightea hade oomford to 
Ercules of aimes, & atmtiee to telle 
Of chiualry & channce, fat cheuyt hym before, 
))at no lede was lelly Jk> Iohbts botwene, 

620 Batfai might say hyhom-self all Jure sadwille. 

The woman was war fat no wegh herd. 

And mder shadow of shame shewid forth hir 

WttA a compas of clennes to colour iai speche. 
624 In sauyng hii-seluen and eerche of hie wille, 

" Now ftynd," quod fat faire, " as ye bone fro 

Will ye suffer mo to say, and the eothe telle 1 

Voidis mo noght of Titius, [ne] vilans of tonge ; 
628 Ne dome no dishonesty in your derfe hert, 

\>oi I put me fus pertly my pMrjios to ahowe. 

Hit sittM, me semeth, to a sore knyghte, 

|)at ayree into vnkoth lond auntres to aeche, 
632 To be connseld in case to comfTord hym-e^uyn. 

Of sum fro fat hym faith awe, & fe teto knoweth ; 

This onrtysy he daymea as for clere dot, 

And be chaunce may chere hym & chene to fo 
6S6 I wot BSJr, ye are wight A a wegh nobill, 

Anntros in annee, & able of person ; 

, Google 


A storro man of BtrengM A of atueme will, s* 

That wilnea for to wyu this wethnr of gold, 

540 And pnttes ;oa to perell in pointia of armee. 
And likly for litle your lyffe few to tjne. 
I hane pittye of yoni peiaoa & yoni pert fiice, bh* pim 
And jeueraM of jowtlie, ^ot jomers in my hert, wainht 

SH }9at causes me with counaell to caste for your 
And pat yoa in plite your purpos to wyn, 
In Bound for to saile home & jaur sate sU, 
Both the whethir & ^ wolle a-way for to lede, 

548 On a forward before, Jut je me faith maio, icta wiii 

In dede for to do as I desyre wille. 
And my wille for to witke^ if I wele same." 


Jason was full ioly of hir iuste wordys, 
652 And ))at comly can clip in hia close armee. 

He onawared hir onest{l]y opynond hia hert, — 
" Now lonely and leell, for your lefe specho ji« Ui 
I thankfl yoa a tiiowsaasd tymes in my thto 
556 Jiat ye kythe me soche kyndnes wttftonten canee 
And heie I put me fiiU phunly in your paie (adi 

To do wt'tft me, damaell, as your desyre thynhe, 
ffor this gloriose graunt glades me mekylL" 

MEDEA. (M. II a.) 

560 Than saide ^t semely to ^ sore knyght, — 

" Sir, wete ye not the wochis ^t this wethir vtiiam b» n 

The keping in case is vnkuowen to yowe, 
And the trathe ot the tale untold to your erel 

561 The p«rlouse pointt£« ^t passe you behoues. 


Hit ia mlike an^ lede with his liffe pae, 
Syn it is ^ato wi'tA a gode & no gome ellis. 
And ye may atriTe Ti'tA no stueme but of yoNr 
etrenght nabill. 

668 Wo shuld pas oat of perell bo yo pcoode oxiii, 
)>at wttA flamys of tyn haa so fume hete 1 
Woso bydis fere bir Ib brent into askys. 
Or fat dragon 80 derfe, as fe denyll felle % 

072 There is no gome ynder gode, fat bym grcue may. 
And if ye highly haue bet in your bote yowtbc, 
And folily be Batjn out of fer londea, 
}et tome your eutent, & betyme leno ; 

576 Wirket as a vise man, & your wille clumngo, 
ffot fere is doutles no dede but fe dethe thole." 

ih[b] onscaoe or j^bon to iibdsa. 
The vegh at hii woidee wratUt a litill, 
And Swiftly to fat ewete swagit bis yie. 

580 " A ! damsell full dere, wi't^ your derffe wordys, 
What lure b of my lyfe & I lyffe here : 
I hope ye found mc to fere & my faith breike ; 
And if destyny me demys, bit is dere welcum 

684 Ot it were knowen in my contry & costis aboute, 
That I faintly sbnld fle and fe fight leue j 
Among knigbte* accounted coward for euer, 
]tfe were leuer here lefe & my life tyne, 

588 J)an as a Inrkei to lyue in (ylka) lond after. 
I wole put me to perell and my payne thole, 
Do my deuer yf I dar, & for no detbe wonde. 
ffor yche wise man of wit, fat wilfully hetis 

692 Any dede for to do, and demly avowes, 

Shuld chose bym by chaunce to chaunge out of 

Ere he &yne any faintes & be fids boldyn." 


Medea full myldly vnto fe mon said ; — 

, Google 

96 " It is playnly your purpos to put you to dethe, 
'With Biiche fyndes to fight till ye fay worthe : h 
I haue pitie full playn of yow proude wille, n 
And I efaall fonge you to forther, <& my iftith 

00 I will Bhant foi no abame of my shene fader, 
Ne no hede to my heale, ^at I thee heipe shall j 
But this forvaid to ^lle, fiiat ye me sweire, ,, ^ ^ 
And with no gauuys me hegyle, ne to grein 

Oi But in dede for to do, as I desyro wills." 

" Moste woreliipfiill woman, wisest on erthe, 
What^uffr ye deme me to do, & my days laste, '<w» vnp 
I hete you full h^hly wit7t hert to fuIfiUe, 
60S Andyourwillefortowirkeiwittenesourgoddea." 


pea Medea wttA mowthe motys fua agayne; — 

" And ye wede me witft worship & to wifie holde, ifhairinwi 

Lede me witA likyng into your loud home ; him u gtt i 

612^ No gatia me hegyle, ne to grem brynge, onrcumeii 

I hete you full hertely, fat I you helpe shall . i™««^ 
The flese for to fecche, and fefke it away ; 
And witAstond all the stoure fiat it strait jemys ; 

616 Ooarcome horn by crafte, and no care thole. 
I haup only fat annter of all fat are q^uyclce, 
The mightes of MaiB make to distroy, (u. u < 

And hii beping by crafte out of couis bryng." 

" Ah ! this glorins gyste & this grete mede, j 

That ya hete me so hyndly to haue at my wille I p 
(Tour-selfe, fat is sathely the semliest on lyue, ' 
And fe freBshist and fairest fed vpon erthe ; 
Aa the Roose in hiu Radness is Bichest of flouiee, 

, Google 

In tbe moneth of May when medowes are grene, 
So passis pi proporty p«rte vemen all) 
And help me to haue pat I hidur secha ; 

628 Oat of daui^«r & drede deliuer me too : 
I wot me vnwortliy |iis wirdia to Bail. 
He pat sadly fot-eoke Boclie a euro proffer, 
And so giacioB a gyete, )iat me U grauut here, 

632 He might faithly foT-fonnet be a fole holdyn. 
Whorfore I beqwelho me to your qweme epouse, 
To lyue wttft in lykyug to my lyfes ende ; 
Aa wyfe for to wede in worahip and Joye : 

636 Aud pia forward, in faith, I festyn wt't/t hond." 

Medea was mery at this mene graimt, 
And to ^t souerayn full aoberly aaid ( 


" fTrynd, I am ffayne of pia taixe heste, 
640 And wale I hoope pa will holde pat )>u here said ; 
Alore suerty, for sothe, yet I sue fore ; — 
Yow swiftly shall sweiie vppon swete goddes, 
This couenatoit to kepe i, for no ^^ chaunge. 
utJuonnvi 644 But this tyme is so tore & we no tome haue, 
iXtarmt' We will aeasae till, now sone, the sun he at rest, 

J'i^^hh -All buemea into bede on hor best wise, 

'°7foL Hw" ^^ y^^® ^^*' ** ''y™ ^^ lullit on alepe. 

hlJ'irtuJlHb^ 648 I wull send to you Bone by a sure maydon : 
«' f^- Bes wjJiond and warly ; wyn to my chamber, 

Kg. lot p6K swiftly to sweire vpon swete (hah>ghes), 

'•""^'l AH tbiBforwardtofulfiUyefestwttAyowrhond: 

652 So may ye surely & sounde to my-selfe come, 
Wtt/i daliannce to dele as yowr dere wyffa. 
I will you faithfully enforme how ye fare shall. 
Your worship to wyn and |ie wethor haue : 
656 All your gate and your gouemannse graidly to 

) by Google 


The Eni^t tbs cujIbs, &, kendly lie eaid : — 
" Most loDeaom lady, youi lykyng be done ! 
As ye wilse for to wirke &, yoot wille folowe, i 
660 In dede be it done, as ye deuysede hane." 
The lady wtVt lontyng Jwn hii leae tase, 
ffirst at hir &dir and other &« buemee. 
Past to hii prine chamlwr : A here a paa endia. 

) by Google 


Efiiitr Softe : !|oto fiRfOta enformeU lason to 
get t1)e fSUst of ffioRie. 

Here tellus )re tale, woeo toids after, 
How the wethir was wonen, & away borne 
The grete goldyn flees wjtA a greke noble^ 

668 Thurghe wylea of [a] woman, )>at ]>e wegh louet 
Whan Medea the maidou, ^t I mynt have, 
Was chosyn into chamber, & on hir charge thoght, 
Of hir Janglyng wttfc Jason & hir ioste wordys, 

672 Hit n^ht to ^e night & the none past : 

Sone the day oumboghe & the derte eutrid, 
And all buemes vnto bed as hom beet liked. 
Medea fall myldly moTede aboute, 

676 Waynet up a window, the welkyn beheld, 
Persauyt pertly, wi'tft hir pure artis, 
When the dre'g!h was don of pe derke night, 
pai all sad were on alepe, seruond & other. 

680 fiayn was )>at lie and for])er ho went, 

Waknet vp a wydow, fat hir wetA dwellit, 

And sent to fiat semly, as ho said first. 

He bosket &om his bede & )>e buide folowid, 

684 Till he come thui^e a cloyster to a clene halle, 
))ere Medea the mylde met hym hii one, 
And witft myrthe at Jwre metyng mowthet to 

)]en enet ^i wit% solas into a sure chunber. 



688 The old wodo on hii way wendys belyue, ■ Book m. 

And ^ lotiers lio lev^ lightly to-gedui. 

Medea the maidon meajt to ]>e dore, 

Barret it bygly on hir best wise ; 
692 )}an she bronght forth )>e bold to hir bedde ayde 

In BoUs full Boberly he sat hym ])eron. 

She went fiom ^at worthy into a wale chunbnr, 

A triet Image she toke all of true golde, HKto Mimt ui 

696 Halowet was hertly in a hi^e nome goO. '°" 

Of Joae, ])at gentillis held for a iuet god, 

And broght to the bneme on fe beddis syde, 

WitA light that waa louely lemyng ^er-Iit 
700 ' Of saergya semly, ^ set were abonte. 

)>&n wightly thies woides to fat woithy ho 
said: — 

" Here I aske you bertely fat ye may bet hen, mt ma> Jann to 

WttA a Bolenme sacrement on this sure gode, taiti lU ua 

704 All Jw forwud to fulfille, fat ye £ret made, 
And ^ conenaundef to kepe witA a clene bert ; 
And for your felow & fere me faithfiilly hold, 

Etwr ftom this owre to the ende of your lyffe ; (fiJ. u m 

705 ffor no chaonce, ^t may cheue, channga your 

And I heghly shall holde, I het yon before." 
Jason granntede fnll goodly w/tA a glad chore. 
And swiftly be sware on fat (Sbene) god ; (hs. hm 

712 AH tho conenanndes to kepe, &, foi no caose let, 
IVbill b3rm laste* the lyffe : he laid on his bond. 


But ToMthfull freke, witA )ii fals cast, Ob U» fiddir 

|)at Eucb a lady belirt with pi lecbni dedes, ocJaHo. 

71 6 Pai put bur so plainly }ii power mto, 

AH ^ wille for to wirke, )>i worehip to sane : 
And ^w bedis not the banne of ^t bend lady, 
Ne tentw not thy trouth |)at fcm tynt has. 



720 Soche a maiden to mar ^t ])6 most looet, 
}Mt fbnec hii fader & hir &e londe, 
Wlien the Boile & ]ie Septur was Bothelj hur 

And ^e tretnue ahe toke vatroly for the« ; 

724 Anntiede Mr to Exile euer for ^i sake ; 
Wan ^ thy worebip & wilfull deeite : 
Eeppit ]>e iro oombniianBe & fro cold deth, 
Stoiet thee to strenght & ]ii s^the londes, 

728 And dawly hir diatitDr of hir deie fader. 

WtlA ehame may faa ahunt &o ^i shiie othea, 
So &1h to be fonnden, & |)i iaithe breike, 
To betrant BOoh« a trew, ))at pe trust In: 

732 And ]n god has ^n grauit vith )>i grete filth. 
Wete for [d weike fat )>e shall wo happyn, 
And myechefe fiill meklll, pt*n art muiBwome : 
Jhm f aUes not in faith of a fowle end. 

736 And |iow Kedea so mad, what myndee had )um 
Syn jum wiet tfanrgh wit werdia to come. 
What serait it your scienae of fe seoon artw, 
^ SSTtaa. That ^ sogh not jotir sorow, fiat thee suet after ! 

740 But fen sothely may say p&i jotir sight failed, 
And )k>w loket not large, for lust ))at fe biyndit 
And oft in astronamy hit aunties to falle, 
Jut domee men deasams & in donte bringee. 

744 ifor hit pasab ^ power of any pure mon. 

All ^e course for to know, ))at is to cum after : 
Sane God, )iat all gouernee wttA grase of his hondfi. 
Now tume to our tale, take )«re we lefte. 

748 When he swiftly hade swome to ^t awete 

)^ entrid full evjn into on Inner chamber, 
f»i was riaUy an^ed wt'tA a riohe beds ; 
And bothe all bare busket ^sre-in. 

, Google 


752 {Mi BoUrt horn aamyn, as hom-eelnon liket, 
VfAh Tenas «erke», ])at horn well pleaaid : 
(mt aanlj deeaaais, & men to boidw law^B. 
Whan ^ day vp dioghe & tike dym Toidet, 

756 Thne Jaaon fall ioyfdll to fab gentill Bald : — 

" Hit is best ^t w« buske & of bede riie, * 

Lest ye day tb bo-da^e & ow ded«s knowen, f 
And we foandBn in fere & oure fame loete ; a 

780 And I vofonnet in &ith how I &re shall. 
Of 1^7 ded» to do, as ye me deie hegbt. 
Iff Jw any thing have amyt abill ms to, 
)>Bt ^ me &itbfully infimne, & let me bra 

76 1 My deofr firr to do & my deth roide ; 

Jpat I mi^t lede fe with luff into my bnde home, 
Wede ye wttA womhip, and to wiffe hold." 
Uedea to ^t mighty myldly anawaiit : — 

768 " A ! my loid & my loue, more lefe ))an my 
I have mynde of youre matw meet of ttU othei : 
I will AiUy enforme yow or ye fare hethyn. 
How ye d«wly shall do, & no drede haae- 

772 Byse we now fiill radly, lest here no longer, 
And I shall tell you full tyte, & taiy no thing." 
'Diau pai cladde horn alenly vppon cleee wise : 
The burd bowst &om ^e beds, broght hym in i 
haste ii 

776 An ymage ftdl nobill, ))at he naite shnlde, h 

flat qwaint was & qwem, all of white silner, 
Channet wi'tA enchanntment, & oha^t hym to 

Hit was wioght all by wit & wilee to helps, 

780 And myghty snohe mawmentiy made to diBtroy : 
8ho bade hym kepe it full close on his clene 

An oyntment pat was noble, anon she hym set, i 


Toke hit hym full tyte & tolde Lym these 
woide* : — 

784 " This strongly distroy shall fe atrenght of (w 
And fade all the ffyr and Jie furse lowe." 
Thau ho ranght hym a ring wit/t a riche stone, 
)}at no poison enpaiie might, pe power is soche : 

788 And if it home were in batell on his bare flesahe, 
He shnlde slyde forth eleghly & vnelayn worthe. 
Achates it calde is wHA clene men of wit, 
And in Cicill foTBothe eene vas it fiiet : 

792 Eneas it name & in note hade. 

Whan he to cartage come vnknoven ■with sight. 
And ])Ein ho broght hym a href all of brode letrea, 
paX was oomly by crafte a cleika for to lede ; 

796 And enfoimyt him fayre how he foie shuld, 

"When he [h]ie deaer hade done & diow to ^ 

fToT to knele on his knea to the cold erth, 
And gret« all his godde« wi't^ a good chere ; 

800 And the rolle fot to rede or he rest thry, 

As witA sacrifice to shew & seniice to goddes, 
))at hym grauntede of grace fat gifte for to bane, 
}}at he might worthely it welde, & away belie. 

804 And ^an sho gafe hym a glasse with a good 
And bade whan he bnekyt to the bolcle £zin, 
To werke it with itaeeure, & in hor moathe caste, 
And ^ai clappe shall Ihll dene^ & nensr vnclose 

806 Ke neuer dere hym a dyse witA no dede efte. 
Thus enfourmet ho fiat fro of }ie fete euyn, 
How ho wyn shnld his worship, & his woche 

And ]»eR lacches his leae & his lone kyat, 
812 Past farth priuely and fat pert leuyt, 


Enon Inrkya to his loge, & ]aide hym to slepe. Bookiii, 

By the raoke hade hym reetid lyses the sun, 
BrigbtiB all the hu^he and the brode yolis j 

816 Uenyt on«r the mouuteyna men to beholde. 
Jason feynit wi'tA fare as he hade fast sleppit, 
And now rapis hym to ryse & rom from bis bede. Jwn hhiku 
Wi'tA Ercules and o))er mo of bis aune men, p** lo dmm 

820 He Bues fuith on )ie aoile to Chethea the kyng, 
In company of kyngea and o^er dene bumea. 
Whan be was waie of ^ wegb, welcomed hym 

And epird at hym specially what bis spede were. 

824 Than Jason vnioynid to the gentill speche : — 

" Ldrd, and it like you, longe am I here I hi hIci 

Wold ye giaunt me your grase goodly to wende, divut, 
I wold bonne me to batell, and take my ban 

828 Yon worthy wethir to wyn, & yoar wille bo," 


The Kyng ])an fall vurtesly karpes agayne ; a«h ti^iim 

Sais, "Jason, this Jomey is no ioye in, UwdUirpiiM 

I am ferd, by my faith, of }ii fiele ypwtb, 

833 ^t hit lede ya to lofise and ^i lyffe tyne, 

And me barme fot to haue of thy begh wills, 
To be Bclatmdret of ])i skathe, tc \era skape nogbt. 
))erfore ffiynd, by my faith, vppon feire wise, 

836 I connsell )ie in kyrt, kaire to )n londe, 

And put of J)is purpos, for perille fat may folowe." bm indini m 
Jason catpes to the kyng, conyngly he said, pvnn^ 

"Sir I hade connsaill in f is case er I come here, (U.ut.) 

840 And ye shall boldly be blameles, yA me bale 
Jjat I wilne of my wit & wilfoll deeyre." 
jMn the kyng to Jw knight carpea these wordes; — i» n^jm iii"" 
" £&ynd ^oa shall fully haue fauei' to wend, 


to -^ IfEDBA MOUnitS FOR JAflOK. 

»«*ni. 844 And ouer godde* fe graont grace of fi hele." 

He lowted the lege kyng, it hie leue toke, 
Dreesit hjm for his dede, doee hym to goo. 

Jn an yle ^t was ocgh f9 noble kyuge* sete, 

■KBMikitiM 84g This cleneflesevasmcloBede all witAdeie water, 
and irtMC* lb* ' 

MMkkipt. Enon a foriong Jwrfro, & fully nomote. 

Jason to ])ie Jorney ioynes hjrm belyffe, 

Bowee eiiya to ^ banke & a bote fonde, 

662 Entria wi't/t armur & all his other gete, 
ffore to p6 fer syde, noght afeid was : 
Gird Tp to }ie grounde, gripes his weppon, 
Annur & all thing atlet before, 

866 pat Medea fe maiden myldly hym betaght, 
Mm, ta ucnr And past furth prudly his pray for to wyn. 

twiom tmxii Moomyng the maiden made in hir thought, 

Lest fe fiyre shold hym feie of ^ fuetse bestw, 

860 pat was blasonnd of bronston vritk a bi«m lowo. 
Sho went vp wightly by a walle syde 
To the toppe of a toura, & tot oner the vatsr 
fibr to loke on hii lolfe, longyng in hert. 

864 So ferd was >at tn, & he faile shuld, 

Bho brast out bright wal«r at hir biode'een. 
Thus sykyng ho said wtt& a Bade wills : — 
" A I Jason my ioye & my gentill knight, 

868 I am ferd lest fenx faile of my fyn lore, 

And for jenemes for-jeto ])at fo jeme shnld ; 
Thou d&wly bee dede, Alto doll broght, 
Neuer fie comly to kysse, ne cli|^ in myn annys. 

872 Now full pristly I pray to my prise goddes, 

pat I may se« thee come sounde to ^ia sale enys, 

And me comford of thy couisse, kepe I no more." 

(fiiL i« •■) When the knight was comyn into }e cliffe feire, 

ntitawitftbi 876 He waltea Tmbe hym wightly, ft was wa» Bone 

bTfcUn OHot. Of >e orible oxin, Tgsome to eea, 

P&t fyie out {hast with a fuerse lowe, 

, Google 


|>at no buerne might abide but he brent were ; Booitin. 

880 Hit gild from the grytu with so gret hete. 


The tokyn hym t^ht waa of a tm maidea 

He foTjet not, but jepely ^arkit hym Jwrfore, 

And anoyntide hym anon witA Ma noble boyste, i* nuiBta 

-J > blmHlfj HtaOis 

86i Bothe the face and be fete, & all be fore perte. wnd muoj 


His noble ymage at his necke for neghyng of fyn, roii. 

And faia rolls fan he lede as he to reete toke; 

ffore evyn to |)e ^ht wi'tA ^o felle best«s: 
888 So Jie fuerse by-flamede all wttft fyte hote, 

Jiai brent vp hia brodo sbilde & bia biggs speirs ; >■• •■■Md ud 

And Jason for all fo Japes bad« ubts hia ioy lost, 

Hade hia licour ben to l^te, fat )« leds caght, 
893 And caste it be coQise into the core hete : BicnuaUie 

Hit stake 7p tiie atitb lippee as atifTe bonnden, upi oriiM 

As fa chaltiede were choisly wiih ohenya of ami. 

PtX abatods the breme hete, brent it no more, 
896 All cold it became & the conise helde, 

Bothe of yraor & aire, after I-wise. 

fbyne was the f^ike & fore to f6 homes h« ihai them bj 

Of pe balefoU bestu, & horn aboute ladde ; nnauj nimiii k 

900 i)ai were made ab meke as maistur hehoaet, idoDgti ngi ■ 

And as bowande to ^e bowee as any besta* might. 

Jynerly the jepe knight }okit hom belyae, 

F^ht hom into ploghe, pilde vp the vrthe, 
904 Biaid Tp bygly all a brode field : 

And all the gayra of the ground feni fe gome (M.i«t.) 

Draw enyn to the dragon, dressit hym to fight, Ha tutcMt t)i« 

And he gird him agayne wttA a grym noyse : it niih« lonrA 
908 Mony slecyngM Tnslogh throughe hya slote yode. ■ndBoiH. 

As Jw welkyn ahold wait, a wondarfoU noyae 

Skiemyt vp to tii6 akrov wttA a skryks fTelle. 

, Google 


WitA a smorther & a smoke amult Uinnigli hia 

912 He rut oat roidly wt'tft a rede hete, 

jMt all blasit the bent on a bieme lowe ; 
And as he tilt out his tang with his tethe giym, 
He etiaght fro hjni stremea all of atyth Tenym. 
nhjHUi} 916 The freike was a-feid of )>at felle beste, 
miaion; ' And raght to bis Ryng in a Tad haste, 

divan wiih Held it high in his bond, ^at he b^old might. 

^toou. ffci chynyng of the cheue stone he shont wtti 

his hede, 
920 And wiVi-drogbe the deiie of hie deie attnr ; 
All dropet the dole as he degh wold. 
))Ib stone full of strenght, as pe etoiy tellus. 
Is erdand In Jud^', as Isoder aaia : 
924 Be it smethe owfiei* smert, smaragden hit bat. 
pere is no derfie dragon, ne no da odder, 
Ve no beste so bold wi'tA no bale atter, 
May loke on |ie light, but lie his lyffe tyne, 
928 |)is stone wiUt his sttemys stroyed all the venym, 
And diepit the dragon to the dethe negh. 
thamrcrdiM Jason grippede graithly to a grym sworde, 

•dfbiwoBBd^ Dange on the deny 11 with a derfiJe wille, 

932 Tyll the atremys of stynke & of stythe venom 
Past out in the place pyne to b»'holde. 
He laid on fat loodly, lettyd he noght, 
WitA dynttes full dregh, till he to detbe paste, 
936 And be Enfecte the EBrmament witfi his felle 
Jason of his iomey waa ioyfull ynogbe, 
n cDi* off u* Gijrppet a giym tools, gyrd of his hede, 

iHth. Ynioynis the Jamnys jiat iuste were to-gednr : 

(toLiTi.) 940 Gyid out the grete tethe, grippet bom sone, 

Sew horn in the soile or he sesse wold, 
vttotnp Stythe knight6« and stoure steit yp agayne, 

ri^*^ Aimet at aU peaes abill to fight. 



944 Delt djnttes full derffe, geuyn depe wouiides. b« 

Theee talefull brether batell bo longe, Unj da 

Till none left waa alyue ne o lofte stode. 
Sow thies charmys &, eachauntementtea ace 
cheuit to noght, 

948 Dede js the dragon and the derSe kniglitw, 
The exin left on f e lond Tnneth lyfe in, 
He past all hia penHa and no pyne tholed. a" u» 

By the crafte bo coynt )>at hym kend were, Jhoo o 

952 He glydiB forthe gladly to the golde IBeBe, '"'*"' 

Wynnes to the wethir, wn^ht hym to dethe, 
fflypit of the fQese fibldet it eomyn ; 
Thonke« gretly his goddia Jtat hym grace lent 

9S6 The flese for to fonge and no fay worthe. 
Jaaon vaa ioly, hade Juels ynogh, 
Busket to the bank and the bote tok, 
Stiid oner the Btreame str^ht to fie lond, 

960 tieie he found all hia feris fayne of his werke ; 'm™J' 
ErciJes and ofer ))at euer were abyding, . thar all 

))8t fayne were to fonge Jiat freite Tppon lyue. 
Jason witA ioy and bis ioly ffellowee 

964 Soghten euen to the Sete of Chetes |)e kyng. 

And he as wee fhll of worship welcomed bom all «>» i»' 

Wt'tft a faynyng fare vnder faire chere ; 

Hade no deynt4 of the dede bnt dere at his hert, 

968 He of ryches so Biall )>at the Benke hade : 
He assignet hym & sete by hym-selfe euyen. 
The flaiamyng of ^e flese was ferly to see, 
jet merueld hym more how Mars was distroyed, 

972 Getei of his good and a god holdyn. 

Medea the maydeu wi't/i a mylde chcie, (tot 

Was Joyfoll of Jason, Aioynit hym to, thu u 

Kyst hym full curtesly, and of his come fayne. hmj. 

976 By fat aemly he sate as hir syie bode, 

Ho prayet hym priuely all wi'tA port wordee. 
To bow to hir bede boldly at euyn ; 



And he hir graunted ^at gat« witft a good wille. 
When it tumyt to ))a tyme as I told eie, 
He bowoa to hir bed fen he ben hade, 
And ]aj ^re in lostes pa long night ouer. 
In Solas on soche wise as hom-selfe thoght. 
And spekyn of hor spodo while ^ apace hade, 
ffot to fare on |)e fome into fer londe« ; 
But Medea mouet hym a moneth to lenge. 
J^en leuyt ])ai the lond and no leue toke, 

968 Stale firom )« styth kyi^; atyllu by night; 

WitA fe maiden Medea & myche o^ goodes, 
J}u turns into Teasoile wiVi-outen tale more, 
Hit vp into a havyn all the hepe eamyn. 

992 Pellens not prowde hade pyne at his heit, 
pai Jason of his Jomey Joifully hade sped. 
And iaynet ay faire wordes vnder felle thoghtes. 
Holy bet horn to have fe heatos before, 

996 Ja«on of his Jomey was ioyfuU ynoghe, 

]}at he hade fongit ^ flese & ]»e &esshe gold ; 
He hedit not the heste* ne the h^^ othes, 
Ne he keppidno couenaund to ]re kynd maydou. 

1000 Bat a Sonidyng witA eourgram sanke in his hert, 
■ And a louiekand lust to Lamydon the kyng : 

Eiculea wttA Enuy was enmy also. 
\}el oomynd in the case, oast horn fertoK, 

1004 Comyn enyn to the kyng & }« cause tolde 
Of dyshoner he did and his detfe wordes, 
J)at the giettyst of Grise gremyt ^erat ; 
And h€glily to helpe heghtyn |Mi all, 

1008 As I shall telle you the tieuthe truly here&ftur. 

) by Google 

^tct its^nntli l>e fCourtfi ioht. 

et Pe bsstrucion of Pt fffcst 2Drog tg 

(SxmUe antr £at(an. 

.All clurge of Jiia chaunae, chefe bow it Till, 
Ercules Tppon bond lieitely has tane ; 
He aped hym vnto sport, sparit lie noght^ 

1013 )}at a cimtre is cold of ])e coBte of Rome. 
Toir blether full bold abidyog per-ia, 
Bothe Vyngea of )« kythe, Castet was one, 
And Pollux, ^e proude, prutly ^t other, 

1016 Aa pojretia ban put, plainly )h> two 

Were getyn by a gode on a giete lady, 

pa faiieet of ffetois )kit euer on fote yode : 

And a enater to fe eame, sothly, was Elyn, o 

1020 Getyn of )>e same god in a goode tyme. 

To these kyngM he come ft his cause tolde, 
And to bane of hor helps hertely disayred, 
And fta grauuted hym full goodly wi'tA a 0ad 

1024 l>ea he laccbea hia leoe and ^ai loidas ])onkit, 

Bnet forth to (Salame) in a aad haat«, (■ 

pat gonemet was in gtyse by a gome noble, — i 
One Telamon tiewly, aa p» text aayse, g 

1026 pat was kyng in the coet« & ^ coroa hade, — ' 
A bold man in batell A byg in hia lUwme. 
Erculea of heipe hym hertely beeoght. 
And he gnuntid to goo witA a good wille, 

, Google 



A IV- 1032 "WitA ;noTiy bold men in latell and biggnst in 

To Felleus pertly fen past be agayne, 
. ley.) ABsemblid of Soudioura a full eadde pepuU, 

I to Of the tidiest of Tessaile, toie men of Btreoght. 

J, ad to 1036 )pen to Fhilon ^ freike ferkit in haat«, 

To a Duke )Hit was derffe & donghti of honde, 
1^ ITestor, A noble man naitest in veire, 

pat hade loiiyt hym of long, & his lefe frynde ; 
1040 He hight bym full bertely fat he haae aholde 

flertlierj'Ug to his £ght wi'tA a &e wille. 

pen lenee pe lede & of lond paste 

To Pelleufl priatly, Jnt pumiannce hade made 
1044 Of twenty shippes full shene, shot on fe depe. 

All rcdy to the Koode of pe roghe ythea, 

Witft mony barona full bold & bnemes fer-in. 
lb Dfuii J>en comyn thies kynges fro fer kyth evjn, 

-HiHwij] 1048 Saylyng full sound wt'tA seasonable vyndes; 
o(Ui. At Teeaaile fnll tyte tjimyt into havyn, 

in AriH. ff<" ^ f"^ ^ f*** ffo^ ^'lA * ffryke vrille. 

' ■" '" Pus it tyd ae I telle fe tyme of fe yere, 

1062 p« sua in his sercle was set rppon high, 

Entrid into Aries vnder a aigne, 

And enyn like of a lenght pe light A fe derke. 

P% clondes wax clere, clensit the ayre ; 
1056 Wynter away, watris were calme; 

Stormes were still, fe sternes full clere , 

JeforUB Boftc wyndia Soberly blew ; 

Bowes in bright holtes buriont full faire ; 
1060 Greuyswei grene and )« ground swetej 

SwoghjTig of swete ayre, Swalyng of hriddes ; 

Medowes ft monnteyns myngit wi'tft ffloursB, 

Colord by conrse as fairs kynd Bflkit. 
i064 At Mid Aprille, the moue whon myrthee begyn, 

The season full softe of fe salt wst«r, 
L !■■.; And the brenmes abated of the brode ythes, 


TES iliaiVAL. 37 

Thies kyugtf*, vWt knightat in companies grete, Ba^kn. 

1068 Faat fro port, palled vp fere sailes, 

Were borne to fe hrode bo & the banke leuyt; 
Sailed fourthe soberly witA eeaaouable vindes 
Till )>ai comen [to] the cost, as ))e course fuUe, At nmHt thgr 

1072 Of tbe terage of Troy & tumyt into hauyn, ud ui u uiciik 

jMt sothly was said Segeas to nome. '^' 

Sy tkies rialles aryven were, to rest was pe 

And B^hed to ^e u^ht, noy was fie more : 
1076 Kosto ancres full kens into pa (cold) water, (iis.bH 

Coggee wttA cablis cachyn to londe, 

And lay so on lone the long night ouei*. 

Wen the detke was done & the day spiange, 
1080 And Ughtid o lofte ledia to beholde. 

The Grekya in hor geyre graithid hom to bonke, Th«Oredui«nt 

pitrh Ihrir tont^ 

Launchid vp tightly lordis and other. w>d hi guinii 

The kyng had no knawlache, pat the kith aght, n I'lrinoriiHir 
1084 Of the folke so furse fiat hym affiay wold, *nni. 

ffor-^i vnkeppit were pa costs* all pe kythe oner. 

))ai hailit vp horses & hemes of maile, 

Aimur and all thinge euyn as horn liked : 
1088 Tild vp fere tentia tomly and faire, 

Skaiien oat skonte-wacche for skeltyng otharme, 

Annyn horn at all peces after auon. 

Er the aun vp soght •with his softe beames, 
1093 Fellens full prestly the peopall did wame Prim mBnoou 

To appere in his presens, pnnces and dukys. u meet m hk 

WM-out tarying to his tent tytly fai yode, *"'" 

And were set all samyn f e soneraia before. 
1096 When the pcopull were pesit he proffert pea 

Sais, " Ye noblist of nome fat neuer roan ti* kmumi of 

The worde of your werke« & your wight dedis, 
And the p«ae of your prowes passes o fer ! (fcL u»j 



1100 Hitwae iieuerherd,a8lliope,aith heuynwas o loft, 
In any coet« where ye come bat ye were dene 

And happet the bene hond to haue at fa last. 
Lamydon, ^t is lord, has vs ledde hedor, 

1 101 ffoT to wreke T8 of wiathe, & fa wegh hanne : 
jMt is the cause of the coarse pat we come hidur. 

I And syn our goddes haue ts graunt fe ground foi 

to haue, 
Hit is spede-fnll to speiks of our q>ede for, 

1 106 And of gou«maunce groithe at our gret neds, 
ffoi to fillyn our taio & our foa hanne ; 
Hald all our heates, harmlea our-seluyn ; 
The tresour to take ^t to Troy longee, 

1112 );at US abides in the burgh & we ^ better haue. 
Hit is knowen in cuntres & coatis o fer, 
P&t the tresour of Troy is of tyme olde, 
Oat of nowtnber to nem & nedefiill to vs ; 

1116 Iff va falluB in fight fa fairer at eode. 

We shall haue riches full riffe & red gold ynogh 
Our %ne shippee to fille and our ftaght make : 
How iraist we before how fairest wilie be, 

1120 And speike for our spede while we space haae." 

Then Ercules the ATntme onawaiid Anon, — 
"Sothely, Sir kyng, ye haue said wel], 
Wise wordw I-wia & of wit noble j 

1124 Iff it be worship & wit wisdom to shewe, 
I Hit [is] sothely more eoa«ran to see it in wcrke. 

I will say for myself, sauyi^ a bettor. 
As me thinkes full throly wi'tA-outyn throp more. 

1128 Let us dres for our dede ei fe day springe, 

And thrugh lemys of light fe lend vs perscyue : 

Fart we vs pertly ]f» pupoll in two, 

In the ton shall be Telamon, ^t is a tore l(j^g. 


1132 WiVi all the fere ^at hym folowoa, furse men of 

And je sothelj youf-Bolfe, fat soaeran are liew, « 
With your company clene as ya come hider. ], 

Jason fuU iustly aioynet to my-Beluon, ^ 

1 136 "Witft a soume of soudioura assignet vs wi'tA, ^ 
Draw fnrthe in the derke er )« day springs, * 
Wyn OS to f e vallis, wacche fere mdur, 
Ymset all the Citie ei fe son rise ; 

1140 Luike vnder lenys logget -wiifi vinos 

Till tithaundes in tonne be told to f e kyng. 
Of our come to f ia coate, and fe case wist. 
He will aray hym full rod vrii/i a route noble, 

1144 And shape hym to our shipper with his ehene 
Ynirar of onr werkea veto ts not fdre. » 

)}at ofer part of our pupull put we in thre ; h 

NestoT with a nombur of noble men all, ^ 

1 1 48 ifaie shall before the forward to lede : *'' 

Castot wt'tA his company come next after, " 

Pollux witA his pnpull pnreu on the lasts. 
These batels on the banke abide now here, 

1 152 ffeght with hym faersly and his fell pnpull ; 
The Citie to sese in f e same tyme. 
We shall found by my feith, or ellis fay worthe : 
8o may we eonyst the eouerain dietrye. 

1156 To weike on this wise and our wille liaua, 
I hope it shall happen in a bond w[h]ile." 
Hit likit well f e loides fat fe lede said, ti 

And plainly the pupnll purpast ferfore. ^ 

1160 Then Telamon full tyto wi'tA a triet pupnll, " 

Pelleos with a power, & fe priao Ercules, 
Jason full iustly and Joly knightes moo, 
WitA all the here fat fei hade highet belyne, 

1164 Armet at all peces abnU to fight; 

Wonen vp wynly vppon wale horses, 

:ec by Google. 


Sileu to tho Citta softly and faire; 

Lurkyt vndei' lefe-aaU loget wi'tA vines, 
1168 Basket vndur banker on bouideis wttA-onte. 

J}ea oyer bateU at ttie banke abidyng full stille, 

The kyng for to kepe and pere course holde. 

And whiles fiese reakes )ius rest [lan rises )*e sun, 
1173 Bredis wi'tft his beames all )e brode vales. 
I Hit was noiset anon fiat a noiimbu)- hc^e 

Of Grekes were gedret & Je grouude hade. 

"When ^e kyng hade knowyng he comannd 
1176 J3at the Citye sarayn were asscmblet In haste, 

Iche biieme on his best wise hatell to yelde. 

Comyn to pB kyng in companies grete, 

Mony stithe man in stoure on atedis enarmyt, 
1180 All redy for fe rode Arayet for the werre. 

The kyng depertid his pupull, put horn in twyn, 

In bat«]3 on hia beat wise for boldyng hym-seluyn. 

Vnwar of )ie weghes fat by the walles lay, 
1 1 84 (He knew not the caste of [le curste pepull, 

Nq dred no dissait fat hym derit after,) 

He busket to f e banke wi'lA a bolde chere, 

WitA his fteikea in filde to fe fight on f e playne. 
1188 J3e Grekes hyin agayne w*tA a grym flare, 

ffaryn to fie fight vith a frike wille. 
' Duke Nestor anon, nobli aiayod, 

Countrea the kyng -with a cant pupidl ; 
1192 Bothe batels on bent bnissliet to-gedur ; 

"Wii/i stithe strokes and store, strong men of 

Shildes throgh sbote ehalket to dethe ; 

Speires vnto sprottes sprongen oner hedes, 
1196 So fuerse was the frueshe when fiai first met 

All dynnet f>e dyn the dales Aboute, 

When helmea and hard stele hurlet to-gedur; 

Knigbtes cast doune to fe cold vrthe. 

) by Google 


1200 Sum swalt in a ewym ^tA-outen aware mora, Book iv. 

Mony peiysahet in fe plaso er f e prise endit Mmr pmwi a 

The Troions were tyd6, & tid Jiere Jte bethtr, 

And the grekes on ]ie ground were gn^atly as- n* Onaki au 
1204 J)en Castor the kyng comya Tpponone, mnucwair 

Hostoris horn witA strenght )iat diatroyet were. 

)>en )« crie wax kene, cnisshyng of wepyna. 

And the fight so felle of p6 fresahe knightea, 
1208 ))e Troiena were tome tynte of ^ere folkes. Tin Tr^uu n* 

Idmydon, fat horn led, as a lion fore, Ltomcdon tiaiH 

Bare don mony bolde & biittonede to detbe ; uiaonA/^n 

Mony kilde the kyng to fe cold vithe, "'^ 

1212 Mony woundit we from his weppont psstfi. ' 

So fueisly he fore ivith his felle dyntte«, 

pat fe Greke* witi gremy geuyn hyra way, 

J)en Pollux aperit wt'tft pepull ynogh, poiha bringi nv 

1216 BniBshit into hatell & moche hale WTOght ; doHm'^ 

Also wode of hia wit as f e wild iTyre, dinug*. 

Mony bolde bnenia on ^ bent the bold king 

(alogh), (ifB-hu 

Mony twrnyt witft tene topsaylea ouer, 
1220 }>at hurlet to )io hard vrthe & pere horse lenyt. 

Lamydon at the laste lokit besyde, 

Segh his folks so &ro &. his fos kene, 

fibr wothe of )>e worse & of weirdis fehle, 
1224 He wttA-drogh hym A draght & a dyn made, im. n ^) 

Oedrit all his gynge And his grounde held. 

Ihike Nestor Anon nemly persaynit iiHi<ir iwotra 

J>at he was prinse of pe pepull & fie power led, Lumnian. 
1328 He left all hia ledia & a launse caght. 

Launches euyn to Lomydon wttft a light wille. 

)}e king consayuit his come, keppit hym 

Bicchis hie reynys & th Keenke mctys : Th^ meat, hM 

1 252 Gitden io-gedvi via Jwro grete apeirea. i-<™don thn-,. 



The king share thmgh his shild wi'tA ])e Bhaipe 

And the rod all-to loofe right to hJs honde ; 
The Duke had dyed of Jm dynt doutles anon, 

1 236 But the souerayn hym-seluon was surly euanny^ 
And the kyng with the canpe cast« to }» ground, 
Wt'tft a warchand wounde thuigh hiB wedis alL 
He feynyt not for ^ fall ne ))e felle hurtte, 

1240 But stert yp etithly, atraght out a eweide 
And flange at the freike with a fi'yn wUle. 
A jODge knight and a ;epe, ^yneris of hert, 
Uigh[t] Sedar for Bothe, miet to |re Ihike 

1244 "With a bir on ^ brest, fat backeward he joda, 
And faenly of hia foole fell to ^ giounde. 
)>e king fayne of ))e falle and )ie Ireke segh, 
And bare to f e bolde wtV^ a bi^e aworde. 

1248 The boarder of his basnet breete» in sonder, 
And videt the Tiser with a vile dynt, 
Gaffe hym a great wounde in his grete face. 
He hade alayne hym alighly for al^ht fat he 

1252 But a gret nowmbwr of Grokeff gedrit hym vmbe. 
And put hym fro purpoe ))of ))ai payn ))olit : 
J)ai hurlet hym fro horee fete & of hond toke. 
Set hym in his sadill ]iof he Tusound were. 

1256'^Cafltor the king conceyuit beliue, 

That Neator wit/t noy was nolpit to ground. 
He Bichet his Reynes and hie loile stroke, 
Suet Tnto Sedar witft a sore wepyn, 

1260 To deyre hym wtVi a dynt for fe Duke; Bake. 
And er he come to the king, so his coutbo fell. 
One caupet wt'tA hym kenely, a coayn of Sedars, 
And set hym a sad dynt, Secorda he h^b[t] : 

1264 His shafte all-to sheu^t the sholke was unhurt. 
And Castor in the caupyng the knight euyll 

) by Google 


A Sore dynt m the syde &t the same conrBse. 
Sedar was aotj for sake of bis coeyn, a 

1368 Came euyn at Castor viih a kene Bworde, i 

]K shilde away shore mto the afayre necke. 
And all ]ie haspes of hia helme fat pe hede jem jt ; 
yfitA a Bwinge of his sworde awappit hym in }o 

1272 Ban hjnt oner backewaid to >e bare vrthe. 
When ye feeke was fallen & on foote light. 
He laid vppon lyoely A no lede sparit, 
3ald ItTm not ^et for ^Tiiernea of hert. -^ 

1276 ))Ha pollnx foil pertly aptochet in haat r 

With aenjn hiindrithe sad men asaemblit hym b 
witft, " 

fiochit into f% froimt i, a fray made ; 
Box backewaid the batell & bis brother toke, 

1280 Hoieit hym in haste, balpe kym olofte ; 

And poUnx vt'tA a proude wille prickit to an- 

One £UataB, a lede, and hym o line broght. (i 

The kynges son of Cartage & a knight noble, 

1284 Aliet mto Lamydon by his lefe soster, 
Coayn to the kyng, A he bis kyde Em, 
Fite of jMt pert knight perait hia hert, 
J}at the ahire water shot aaer hia ahene cbekya. 

1288 Mycbe woo bade ^e wegh for )« wale knight, 
And asaemblit bis aad men on a aoppe hole, 
WVtA a home )wt he bade, in a bond while, 
(Seuyn tbonsand be aowme all of auie knight«,) 

1293 And cbargct bom cbefely for channse vppon 
ffor to deie for the dethe of hie dere cosyn. 
jfea the Troiens full tite tariet no lengar, t 

Gird enyn to the Greksa with a grym fare ; u 

'1296 Slogb bom downe aleghly A alaunge bom to 

) by Google 


Wondit of J)e wightiat, warpide bom vnder ; 
Put bom fueraly to flight, folowet horn after 
To the banks of the brode see fere botie were 

1300 fere Lamydon fem leoyt, for a lede come 

WitA tithfDges fro tbe towne told to the kyng; 
One Dotes, with dyutea fat dedlj was wondyt, 
Said the Citie vraa seait & sod men f ere-in, 

1304 Of our fos full fell, fuerse men in Armys, 

A gcete nowmber of Grekia, & fe goodes takyn. 
\>B kyng for fat care coldit at his bert, 
And eiket full sore vitJi eytyng of teris, 

1 308 Hentte« bis borne and hastily bkwes ; 
Assemblit bis sad men on a aop bolle, 
Left the Grekes on f e ground by the gray water : 
Sogbt to f e Citie on soppee to-gedur 

1312 Tho fat left were on lyue fogh fai bte were. 
The kyng in hia comyng kest vp hia egh, 
Segh a batcll full hieme fro f e burghe come 
Frtckand full preat vppon proude atedya. 

1316 He bhiBshed ouer backeward to fe btode see, 

Se the Grekys come girdand wjtA a grym noise, 

J3at fled were before & fe Kid leuyt 

He was aatonyet full etithly to be stad bo, 

1320 Betwene tbe batels on bent & so bare leuyt, 
Vmfoldyng wt'tA hia foa fat he ne fle might. 
Pea to batoll on bent fai buaket anon, 
A felle fight & a fuerse fell bom betwene, 

1 334 But Tnmebe was tbe Maccbe at f e mene tyme : 
The Grek«« were gtym, of a grete nowmber, 
And bte of fat other lede, fat on lyue were. 
Tbe Troiens full tyte were tyrnyt to f e grounds 

1328 Vtith batell on bothe halfes, blody beronyn, 
Wyde woundes & wete of bor wale dyntes. 
Ercules yreful euer vponone. 
Pricket furthe into priae and full playne maOe, 


1332 Gild gomes Tnto gronnde witA vngayn strokes, bwhiy. 

Bere the batell a-bake, jaouj bneme qwellid. 

The £reke vaa so faene, the[j] fled of his gate ; 

All shoduit as shepe shont of bis vay, 
1336 Non so derSe to endure a dynt of his bond, 

ffoi all loste ^ l^e ^at ^e lede toochet. 


Tyll be come to fe kyng in a keae yie, h* tuit npan 

DaDg hym d«rffly don in a dad hate, hin. ud anm 

1340 Grippit hym grymlf, gird of his hede, auwd m Trcjiiu. 

Jjrew it into )iroiige of bis ^ pepull ; 

))at ntoche soiowe for ^ eight & sobbyng of teres, 

When fairs kyng was kylt, horn be coaiae felle. 
1344 Sosit was the CitJe, eocour non bere, Ttadtyiitiitti, 

Jfain fomea bo felle, and so iev other, ih is uh wootM. 

The Grekes gird bom to grannde & to grym 
dethe : 

Of the dite & fe dyn was dole to be-faolde. 
1348 The Troiens wttft tone tumyt fe bake, 

ffleddon in fare and ^ filde leuyt. 

Oner hilles & bethes into holto woddes^ 

pat left 'weie on lyue with mony laithe hiutes, 
1352 When the Grekys hade the gte & the grounde 


Thai sc^ht into the Cit< vpon sere haluys, AtthfOneki 

Strc^ht into atretis and into stronge bouses, dir, ii» ir^i 

There were wetnen to wale, A vondurfull aowm- 

1 356 CbUder full choise and of chore febill, 

"Wyth ohle ffolke ynfere ferly to see. {iw. » w 

AU tight to ^ tempull of )iere tore goddes, mh to tii> 

fibr diede of the dethe, & myche dynne made. 

1360 Mony vrynee, for woo, of fere wit past, 



Book IT. And [icre bamea on brest ben In ^ere annei^ 

Hyd bom in houlea and bymye aboute. 
Maydons for momyng baue ^ere mynde loste, 
1361 (Socbe payne of a pepull was pitie to be-holde) 
ud in thdi hula Hurlet out of bouses, and no bede toke 

■oodi UhuuL Of golde ne of gannenttc*, ne of goods Btonys ; 

ffongit no florence, ne no fyn peaya, 
1368 G^mys ne gevellis, ne no ioly vessell, 
But all left in bor logea & Inikit away. 
The Grek«« wero full gredy, grippit bom belyue, 
Thi •di)' ia Prayen and pyken mony priney cbambur, 

dMnrad. 1372 ffongit ^«re florence and o^ f^n gobl, 

Geton girduls full gay, mony good stonys ; 
Wele vrantid no wegh wale wbat bom liste. 
A monyth on Jiia maner meuyt no fene, 
1376 But songbton vp the Git^ vpon aere balnys, 

Grippit vp the grounde, giidyn doun ^ vallye, 
Prowde pales of prise puttyn to grounds ; 
Brent vp tba byggyngea & full bare maden ; 
ThtpHpiaul 13S0 Tbe t«mp1e ouer-tumyt, tokon ^e foUie, 
(npUn. Dydden all to tbe dethe & for ne diede lettyd ; 

Wemen, wale cbildnr, & other weike pupnll, 
Madens full mony & of mete Age, 
1364 Sesit bom sone in eeruage to bolde. 


When tbe palea was put doun of fm prise kyn^ 
HHi(i«,dH«hia tm fonde )er a fee faire to be-bolde, 

£nyn of his owne doughtei Exiona was callid. 
Bonnet wortbe tbe bale tjme ^at bo borne vaa, 
ffor the caie Jat fere come because of bir one, 
Ercules egerly euyn Tponone 
Betoke hir to Telamon, for he the towns enbid, 
1392 In reward as by right for his lanke wille. 


But caitif unclane, for tby curst dede I 

, Google 

Syn the fortune felle ^t faiie into hcnde, 

. pit wu cnntly and olene and a kingw doughter, iianii*^ ^u 
1 396 pan Bliald have holdyn ^t hynd, hod hir ^i-flelfe, mi, aohu ntn 
Weddit vriih worehip and to wife holdyn. JS^tJbi'to^ 

And f<m bo doggetly has done in ^ derie hate, ^wtUS^rS™ 
Jnwt hb Tnder >raldam with J»i Jro hert, IJSHJt^ 

1400 To a kyng fat is curat, of vndeno lyfe, HT 'SIl"''" 

ffor to lede in hia lechery all hie lyf« after. Tmmi^ 

Thurgh Tnhappe of )iat hynde, yat )wa a hoie 

Myche grenaunce shall groo & a gronnd hate ; 
1404 War vakyn & wo for fi vickede dede, 

Mony boldM for ))at bri^t in batell be kylda. 

y/ hen the tounewas onertymyt, tokyn fte godys, 

pe Grekea b> )« gray water gyrdyn belyoe ; ibaOwki 

1408 Shottyn into shippea all ]w shone godis, udmouamr 

Launchet furthe lightly & the lend pasait, iwripou., 

Giidon oner the grym waghes into grece samyn. 

All fere loides wete light fat fai lyfle hade, 
1412 fiayne of fere foitime & fere fine telikee, 

Didyn sacrifice solempne mto sere godde*. 

All fere Rewmes wax riche, hade relikM ynowe, -hion •uriob 

AndlongtymewitAhomlast&Jieielefechildien. ti»ir diiMm (or 
1416 When the Cit£ was sesit. as I said ere, uta^^oMic 

And lAmydon the lege kyug out of lyfe broght, "* '"" 

'Wemyn & wale children vnto wo put, 

Sot vndei s«ruage, soiow fot ener, 
1430 The kynge* doughtai caght & out of kythe led. 

And in horedam holdyn, harme was fe more. 

8e now the sorow fat fere suet after ; 

And yche wegh fat is wise & of wit atable, 
1424 Light hamies Let oner-passe, Lap noght in yre (m.u».) 

ffoi foly fat may falle of a fcUe hert. 


A word fat Is wrappid, and in wiath holdyn, """""l^^rf 

48 ' A PROTZRB. 

Boofc I?. May feston as a fyre vith a fuerse lowe, 

hutj mu, iBt 1 J28 Of a spaike imaBpied, eprod vnder askys, 
nnnoUnid uaoni May fuston vp fyre to mooy freike Borow ; 

!!^ m irerfftii" So Inrku wiW lorde» of a light wrathe, 

**"■■ J)at growBS into gronnd harme, greuyB full sore. 

{MB.iu. 1432 (Happye) is fe here In no hate lengis, 

Ke ietia hele ia hie breet wherof bale rises, 
Ke myunea no malis ^t ia of mynd past ; 
As yt happes here harme for to come, 
1436 And wreke to be wnight for wordes a few ; 

Soche a kyug to he kylde, A cuntre dlstroyed, 
ffele folke foifanm with a fiehle ende, 
Gyf an end hade ben now, & neaer noyet efter, 
1440 Bothe of lure & of loa, & oure lorda wolde. 

Hit was euyn bot a venture of Aagur to come, 

And a Sesyn of sorow ^f fiere suet after. 

Eight as Lamydon )ie lorde was of lyue broght, 

1 444 ffor he gretbit with ft Grekys Jiat on his ground 


TMiraiidn So He Maidon shalbe mator of full mekull 

■luU t* (ha , 

MOM otaiHA harme, 

^di, ^m «i ^id mony londea to lure jiat euer ho Ijffe hade. 

„j_ „^^ Lo, how fortune ia felle & of fer caste, 

1448 )}at drawea in a dede hate in a derke wills. 

And of a litill hath likyng a low for to kynduU, 
)}at hepis into lianne in a bond while ! 
By Jiis matet I meane what myschefe befell, 
1452 }}ere no cause was to ken but vnkynd wordes. 
wiiDtditnabi And while ^is Lady was on lyffo in a lend fer, 

ant ud And all thies maters in mynde, ^at I mens here, 

Crete Troy was vp tild wi'tA mony toures vmbe, 
1456 )}at was meruelously [made], & mekell to shew, 
And Sesyt was sython & to sorow broght, 
And mony kynges were kyld & knightes ^rfore. 
What ledys were lost & of lyue done, 
1460 Xow I tnme for to telle, whiU I tyme Laue. 

., Google 


arr king pbtah * his childrett. boiaiv. 

This Lamydon, fat was lord, hade a lefe son, J^ ^ "tt" . 
A pert man Jat wag pnnse, & pnam he hight ; "i*!". Prt™ wm 
A man witty & wise, wight, wildist in Aimea. "wnw wu with 

1464 Hit felle hym [by] fortnne at his fader dethe, 
He waa feryn to fight in a fer londe, 
To riche hym of Eebellfta fat of fe rewme held ; 
To cache a castell fat waa kene holdyn, 

1468 And to wyn it witA werre, went fere a while 
WitA his hooshold hole, & here fat he wait. 
He hade a woman to wyne worthy & noble, ayUiTih 

Oneat & abill & Ecuba ahe hight : onKuudtKn* 

1472 By jKit same hade he sonnes, aemly men all, 
flyue fat were &iie & fueise men of annea, 
And free doghter by-dene fat were dere holden. 
Of hiasonnee to say or I sew fern, mtHuirgn. 

1476 Ectoi was oldist & heire to hym selnyn ; Hector 

And most is in mynd for his mykyll strenght. 
The secirnd of his sonnos sothely was parys, P'^- v 
Or Alisaunder ewther was his other name ; hB»a> tniKi. 

1480 He was fairest of fo freiku ■& a fyne archer, 
A bowman of fe best ft a hneme wise. 
The frid was a fro knight, frirand in Aimya, 
DefFebns f e donghty on a derfe stede. impbatMi^ 

1484 The fourth was a philosoffer, a fyne man of lore, ^jj^"" * 
In fe Syenae full sod of f e senyn Artes. 
The fyfte of the fre, fat I fiist nemyt, 

Was Troylus the true, tristy in wer, wdTroUm. 

1488 That mykell worship wan, witties ye of story. 
Of his Deghtsr by dene, fat were deie holdyn. 
One Crensa was cald kyndly by nome, "» ■''P**'™ 

(Wit Eneas afterward Elit to wed, wtnotA™. 

1492 )>at spokyn is of specially in onr spede after. 
And Tirgill of his werkea wntis also. 
After takyng of fe tonne how hym tid fen. 
The second of fe siistcr for to say feire, 


P1U4H'B fauilt. 

1 496 Gassandia was cald, clennest of wytte, 
]nt Eufoimet waa faiie of ^ fre artis, 
And hade knowyng by course of ^ clere stemja. 
The last of yoa lefe clkildien was a lysae faire, 
■B4Piiijini.tta 1500 Polexena the pert, prise of all other ; 

Of hir fieturs Se foiihed. is ferly to telle, 
Alee aoble for pe nonj^t sa nature cold deuyse 
Bothe of color & clennes, to declare sU. 
atMrnOum. 1604 This prisa kyug Priam hade of pert chUdeT, 
■oui uid Dibw Threttr eoones besydea, als other vemen, 

■ooaiUiiB. pat lie gate in hia gamen, goode men ot Aimya, 

And felle men in £ght, aa we ahall fynd after. 
1606 Now I tnme to my tale & tory here a while. 

) by Google 

Jim begmnss tfie #sfte ISofte : ®t tfte 

/oanl>|rng of 0eb) Ecoge anii of t1}e WnttttL 

of 3^2119 $ciam &r trUf fCatier lietlje. 

Now as ^ kjng vmbe the Castell lay clodt sbute, 

WttA his folks all in fere & his fyn childui, 

He was eufonnyt of be &re A of his fader dethe: (M. ■<•.] 

*» Pri.m l.y 

1512 How histowne vaBlokonandtimyttogroimde; bafimtiiaaa 
His Suster sesyd and soglit into syde londia; 
His koightea downa l^lde ynto cold vrthe. 
Soche aikyng and sorow sanke in his h(^ 

1616 WttA pjt4 and complaint pyne for to here^ 
He toke vp his teiit«« &, the towne leayt, 
Teght horn vnto Troy wi'tA tene ]Nit he hade, 
Segh the bayldyagM brent & beton to groimd. 

1620 Soche wo for ^at werka |)an pe w^h thowlit, 

Jjat all his wongys were weto for weping of teres, 
Thie dayee froly, witfc thriccing of hondya, 
And drowpet of dole as be d^h wold. 

1524 J)en he sesit of sychtm & his sorow voidet, 
Mendit his mode A his mynd stsblit, 
Toke connceU in the case & his care leayt 
The atyft towne to Beetore & bo strong make, 

153S ffor dannger and drede of euny derfe enmya. 

Gate masons full mony, ]iat mykull fete coathe j 
Wise wrigbtis to wale werkys to caste ; 
QwariomB qweme, qwaiut men of wit ; 

1632 Mynon of marboll ston & mony o}er tbingM. 



Sone he raglit vpon rownie, rid Tp ]ie dykia, 
Serehit vp the soile fen fe Citie vaa. 
And bjld vp a hjgge towne of fe bare vrthe, 
1536 la the nome of Keptune )wt was a noble god. 


This Cite was sothely, to seiche it aboute, 
pM iorneys full ioinUy to ioyne hom by dayes : 
Was iieoer sython vndet Boa Cite so large, 
1640 Ife neuer before, as we fynd, fourmyt in Trtho, . 
if- Mti.) Tfonso luffly on to loke in any lond oate. 

The walles vp wroght, wonder to ae, 
"Wi'tA grippes full grete waa fe ground takon 
1544 Bothe Syker & Sad, Jiat Belly were fit 
f&o the vitha vpward Tne of a mesuie. 
naibiii h™ Of the walle for to wete to )>e wale top, 

XX Cnbettes be coursse accounttid full enyn, 
built of Burtiit of 1548 Jjat of marbill waa most fro fe myddee Tp, 
rrom uh rniddis Of diiie?^ colours to ken craftely wroght 

Jjat were sheae for to shew & of shap noble, 
Mony toures vp tild fe tonne to defends, 
1552 Wroght vp wt'tA the walle as fe werke rose, 
One ncgh to Ano^er nobly deuysct 
Large on to loke, lonely of shap, 
b th> •»ib uum In the Sercle of the Cite were sex ^re jates, ■ 

1656 flbr entre & ysaue & ease of )>e pepulL 
aiMDH^ui. The furst and the fairest fourmet was Dardan, 

T^Mfc^ Tricerdft, ITietas, Xroiana, f o foure ; 

^Jj^"^ Anchinordes, Hyliaa, heght fe two other, 

••*■* 1560 WttA gtete toures vmb-tUde & torettis ahout«, 

Well wroght for the werre, wacchea lofte. 
Ymagry oner all amyt Jwre was, 
Of beete and babery breme to be holde, 
1664 Boat out of fe best )ie bjg louiea vmbe. 
The wallis in werre wikked to assails 
Wiih depe dikw and detke doubull of watei. 

., CJooglc 


Vfithia the Citie, for aothe, semly to ken, Bogkv. 

1668 Giete palia of prtae, plenty of houses, wiihin ttw dv 

Wele bild all aboate on the beet wiae. v^^t-nct 

The werat walle for to wale, >ere any wegh i^i^"'^ 

Was faulty cabettea by courese, to count tco the 
1572 And all of marbili was made wiUt meruellufi 

Of lions & Libard«0 & other laithe wonnes. 

The Stretis were streght & of a stronge brede, Ubl ir «j 

ffoi ymur & aire opon in ]» myddiB ; ^^ •*'»'• •«■ 

1S76 By the sydes for sothe of eotell denyse, uutDpm.uid 

Was archet full Abilly for aylyng of shoures, "wita. 

Pight vp wttA pilera all of playne marbill, 

Weghia into walks for wetyng of layn. 
1580 There were stallis by jte Gtrete stondyng for '^•"•*"it»in 
peopull, of»wiTWj»d. 

Werkmen into won, and ^re wares shewe, 

Bothe to selle and to se as ^aim selfe lyked, 

Of all }« crafbes to ken as }erv course askit : — 
] 584 Ooldsmythoe, Glouere, GirdiUera noble ; 

Sadlers, iionter^ SemsteriB fyn ; 

TalioniB, Telers, TumeiH of ve8Belle« ; 

Wiightes, webeters, walkers of clothe ; 
1 588 Armuiera, Aiowsmythis with Axes of w«ne ; 

Belmakere, bokebyndeis, brasieTB ijB ; 

Uarchandra, Monymakeis, Mongers of fyche ; 

Pamtera, painters, pynners also ; 
1592 Bochen, bladsmythis, baxters amonge ; 

fierrere, Hecchouis, fele men of Crafte ; 

Tatternera, tapsters, all the totme oner ; 

Sporiors, Spicers, Spynneis of clothe ; 
1596 Cok£«, condlers, coriours of lednr; 

Carpentonrs, cotelers, coucheoois fyn ; 

WitA barbura bigget in bourdera of the atretes ; 



WttA all m&ister men Jut on molde dwellis, 
1600 Oneetly enabit in entru Aboata 

Tttnrgh myddis ]ie mekill tonne meayt a water, 
> And diaseueit )» Cite, ^t Xanthus liight. 

There were bild by the bankes of ^e brode 

1604 Mylnes full mony, made for to giynde, 
fibr solas of the Cite Jrat anet horn to. 
The water by wisahyng went vnder houses, 
Gosshet throngh Godsrdys & other grete vautefl, 

1608 And clensit by comae all ^e dene Cite 

Of filth and of feum, throughe fletyng by neth& 
In Ensample of this Cita, Bothely to telle, 
Bome on a Bluer rially was set, 

1612 Enabit by Eneas after full longe, 
Tild vpon Tiber after Troy like. 
Priamus pertly the poopull ylkon, 
)Mt longit to bis lond & logit fer, 

1616 Gert sue to ]>e Cite sothely to dwelle, 

And fild it wi'tA folke flieise was f% sowmber, 
Of lordea of ^ lond And o^ lesse peopull. 
In })at Cite for sothe, as saith vb the story, 

1620 Mony ganmes were be^nneuf>egTete for to solas. 
The cbekker was choisly fere chosen ]ie first. 
The diaghtee, the dyse, and ojmr diegh gaomea, 
Soche Boteltle Jioi soght to solas hom wttA ; 

1624 The tables, the top, tr^tra also, 

And in the monetb of may mekill }wi rsit, 
WttA flonres and feesshe bowes fecchyng of 

Somuc qwenes, and qwaintans, & o])er qwaint 
1628 Therefoundynwasfint,&yetbenforUieliannted. 


Priam by purpos a pales gert make 



Witfiin the Cite fall Solempne of a eete liall, Be<n.T. 

Loaely and lai^ to logge in hym seluyn, niSu Si 

1632 ffuU worthely wroght & by wit caste, tobtboiitsir 

And euyn at his etlyng Ylion was cald ; »u«i " I'm. 

Cloait wttA a clene wall craatrit viiA towrea, 

Eayn round aa a lyng richely wroght, — 
1636 Sjne hundrith fete folly the heght: — 

WttAoate, tomes full tore torret ahone, ( 

)Mt were of heght so hoge, as I heie fynde, 

J)at the clowdes horn clede in vnclene ayre. 
1640 In |« hegheet to houe and befaolde ouw, 

All the loud for to loke when hym lefe thought. 

To all the pronyns fai apperit & pertia ofer, "• *°^^ 

With mekyll solas to se in mony syde londis : trfUupromii!. 
1614 Of crafty colours to know, all in course set, 

Mode all of marbyll vHh maaon deayse, 

"With ymagty full honest openly wroght. 

In comols by couise clustret o loftc 
1648 The windowes, worthely wroght in a mesnro, 

Shapyn full shone all of shyre stones, 

Camen in Criatall by crafte of Entailo, 

Fight into pilers prudly to shewe 
1652 The basea & hourdurs all of bright perle. 

WttAin thia palia of pn'se was a proude hallc^ 

))at large was of lenght & louely to ahewe, 

Painted full prudly wi'tA pure gold oner, 
1696 Drapred by dene witA a deae rialL 

Then were bordia full bright aboute in )at sale. 

Set in a sercle, d Sedur tn fju, 

Oret Tp fin ^ ground rppon gray marbilL 
1660 With a flore fat was fret all of fyno stones, Sl^THiSf "^ 

Pauyt prudly all vith proude colonra, 

2bde after musycke, men on to loke. 

In the cheffe of ^ choise halle, choeen for )>e 
1664 Was a grounde vp graid wi't/t gresie of Matbill, 

, Google 


"""y- And a tabill atyret, all of triat yuer, 

tinV^^l^ ^"^"^ *^"* ^ ^^ bright Aumbur, 

Silf^trtie'Sf ''*'' ™^^'' ^ * smethe, smellia full swete) 

^'^Sw^ 1668 WitA taato fox to touche the tabuU abonte. 
■ thmu. ffo; the sanarayn hym selfe was a aete rioll, 

(M- MW Pighi full of-perrieris & of proude gemya, 

Atyret wttA a tabernacle of Eyntayill fyn. 
iii*"^"* ^*^^ AtthetotherhedeofJ«haIl6T™a,lieghirppoloft«, 
■J'^p™*™' A irondflrfoU werke veghes to beholde; 

With prsciose stones of price & perlW ynogh. 
An anter enoumet in nome of a god, 
1676 Ooond vp by a gieee all of goode stones, 
Twenty paee vp pight all of pure cristall, 
\)B,t were shynyng fiill sliene slialkef to denyaei 
oi tba (iMftcwd Yob oppon ^ Auter was amyt to stond 

1680 An ymage full noble in ^e nome of god, — 

f^tene cubottes by coarse all of clene leoght^ 
Shynyng of shene gold & of shap nobill. 
Dubbed oner with dyamondes, }ai were den 
1684 )}at wt'tA lemys of light as a lamp shone : — 
Of Jubit«r ^e lost god, ^t ^ ioy veldis. 
In qwhom Friam prt'nsipally put his belene 
In saayng his Citie and hym selfe alse ; 
1688 Vfith long dayes to endure & tro dethe kepe. 


Qwhen this Citie waa set & full sure made, 
Ab Priam hade purpost all vith pure wit. 
Then meuyt to his mynde, as yt most nede, 

1692 pat his Cite was sure of hym selfe wroght ; 

"With mekyll pepull of prise & proude men of 

Biches full lyfe & relikes ynow ; 
All abundaunt in blisse blent witA hia folke, 

1696 ))at wele wantid no wegh, ne worship in vrthe. 

) by Google 


pan a sorow fall sodeuly sanke in Mb hert, b«*t- 

' A Kemoreo of maters, ^ hym mys lyket ; 
Hov ^e Grekw bym gieayt and to ground pat, 

1700 Hia iader & his gyndis ferkit out of lyue, 

And his snst«r into sentage, ^ot hym aore nojet (m.iss.) 
Then he somond all be Cite vppon sore halays, hsojw* 
To a connsell to come for a cause hegh, ''*">>» °>tr' 

1701 And his wille for to vete as hom vele aght. 
When the grete were gednit & )>o graitbe all, 

With his semly sonnes, ^at hym sate next, oibiitaw,«rij 

Saue Ector, — ^was onte, as annter befelle, aiwii. 

1708 In a conntre by conrsse fat of J>e coron helde, 
Assignet by his sooerayne ft cerben hym witA, 
ffor play or for purpos : — pas we )ier&o. 
When f e souerayne was set in a sete rioll, 

1712 As become foi a kyng in counsell with lordes ; 

All pese Vmbe fe plase, pepull wbre stille, BOmnhiTiBf . 

Be comaundement of )>e kyng, as be come weU ; ura opmi Ui 
jKn he menyt of fe mater all witA mylde woides, 

1716 And touchet his entent, as I telle shalL — 

" Now loidys of my lond & other lefe pepuU, 5!^^^??^'' 
Hit is knowen to f is court and ofer kyd fiynde», """' >° ■"■"^ 
Of fe harmys fat we haue, & fe hoge lose; uutibiOrHk* 

1720 ThattheOreksKinhorgiemyvstogrefebroght, — tiMcsmiiT. 
Bothe to me & to myne mykull Tnright, 

And to yow & also yours jomeryng for ener. 
How our fadeis before fitlsly were slayns, 

1721 And my suster Eziona in s^mage is holdyn, 
J)at IB comen of eoche kyn, coldea my hart ; 
Tour soEterB foi aotbe & o^t dk &yndes, 
Wyues & wale children, Jmi away led, 

1728 pat ben set vnder semage & Borow for ay. 

And oni Cite for sothe, fat sum tyme was hare, 

Brent Si betyn downe to fe baie Tithe ; 

Onr golde Ss out godys gripped in hond ; 
1732 Sobbet onr riches, onr renttes distroyet ; 



Bookr, Token all our treaonre*, tmasit into griBe ; 

(biL»».) Kyld all cure kyimMmen into colde dethe ; 

And other wron^ vs wioght; & to wo put. 
TandmUKH 1736 Thes rodnTse to pche by rode of jou all, 
HiTUaurfiid Hit vers nttjng, me semyB, & to sue fore. 

pntMT. We haue a Cite full sure, & sad pepull in ; 

Well wroght for the werre, wallia full high ; 
1740 fEblke of defence, and to fight able; 

Mony knightes full leant, & kyd men of Annya. 
We hane riches full hfe, red gold fyn ; 
Clothes Aill comly, and other clene Jnellis ; 
Tbnimnita 174i Armur and all thing abill Jierforo. 

Well Titeld, I wis, for wynturs ynow ; 
ffele tryndee &nd fauer ont of fer londys, 
Wi'tA a liaunee full large of other lege kyngis, 
1748 )}at we to helpe tb may hane in a bond whyle : 
tnd ih> ib» And now tyme, by my trauthe, to take it on bend, 

To mene tb witA manhode & onr mys wreke. 
BatUMtMtDiHiit Bat the fortune of fe(^t«T8 may be fell cbannse, 

•^mu uim, wid 1762 And Biker were to sit and solas TB here : 
to Bjor than- But ]>e barme and the hethyng of my kynd suster, 

*" Jjat is set Tndw seruage, & in syn holdyn, 

GrenyB me so gretly & my greme ekys, 
175S jMt it reuys me my met & my right hele. 
irui* ooBBdi Bat it likis yon loidia, at a lite woidTS, 

tfalnk K. Ill irlU ' ' 

■md > uMkfB to Thns gate to b^yn er we goo ferre ; — 

tba ts rcMm J}at I sond foT my Buster on a softs wise 

(DCfttsu 1760 To ^ Greke^ tea to goo wt'tA a goode wille 

And restore wttAoutyn strife into pis stide homs^ 
My rister Exina soberly & &ire ; 
To qwit claym all querela, & be qweme byndes. 
1764 Of all oni duiee ^ n did & daunger for eu^, 
All account and Enuy after to TOide, 
Neusr to deire for ya,t dede fe dayes in our lyue." 
When the souerain hade said, fen sesit he here, 
r'lU^inT' 1766 And it liket weU the loidys A >e ledia all : 

) by Google 


Of his wit & his woides & his wise speche, veAJ. 

la dede thus to do Jnd demyt it alL cm- "aJ 

When Priam hade peruynit all pen pme ville, 
1773 HecheMhTinachetemanthechaigefortubeire. pnuBdMOM* 

AjitonoT he toke for his tiiet wit ; 

H« was gret, it gisithe, & a gome aoble, 

Wisest of wordes and will6 J»erta 
1776 He spake to hym speciallj, Jtat he speda shnld m cmundi un 

WitA isoBT and &ir woidM hia ftenship to }ian& lur wonuu 

And he lowted hia l^e wi'tA a low chere, 

And granntid to go wiU a goode wille. 


1780 Then he shops hym to ship in a sharp haste, Sllu""'*"* 

And dreaait for ^ depe as hym den Jnight ; 

Halit into havyn in a hond while, 

Shippit hym full shortly & his shene folke ; 
1784 Orippit Tp a gret sayle, gMia on fe water, 

Sailet on soberly and ^ se past ; 

Tceht into Teaaaile, turuTt into haayn, h* nuiM 

There FeUeiu )ie pioude was a prise kyng, mtibcni^ud 

176S At Mansua for mirtli in Jm mene tyme, Kim p*i«b. 

A hanyn toon, as hap was, ^sre )» hind lay, 

Antenor not tariet ne no tome hade, 

But went to the wale kyng on his way aone, 
1 793 Hailsit hym hendly, A he his honde toke, 

And welcomyt hym worthely as a wegh noble, "" *^ ** 

And fiaynit hym vit& finndship qwat the fra kUnUrHkiuia 

Atitenor fall tite told of his wille : — 
1796 " ffro Pnam foil prut put am I hider. 

As a messynger made at pie mene ^rme. 

Thus he sent me to say to your will euyn, Antmor mmiidi 

nor to mene to your mynds, as I most nede, tw b* b^i 
1800 The haimys and yo heuenys hym happit of yow. wiunatouM; 

ffirst c^ his fiuler, in fight was distroyet 



BwifcT. His Cite and his Syb men to Borow for eld ; 

<"'■'• *J Hia londes, hie legcmen, ont of lyuo broght ; 

1601 His suster into s^ruage & to bjd put ; 

And ofier Bednre full lyfe in hia Bewme dyd. 
Hia golde and his goodis grippit also ; 
Fikked all his prouynce & fall poro leuyt, 
1808 Wit/touten cause but of couetoua, Jiat come of 
your saluyn. 
K'JSJSm" " Qwherfore, to qwemo qwyt of all other, 

mraS^^Sni, ■'■*' ^^P^ ""* "^ statlie and sklaundsr to falle, 

hamus naton j^ obregyng of batell A buemee to sane, 

1812 As ye ben wegb full of wit & for wise holdyii, — 
To Bend hym ayater vne in sounde home, 
And all giltis for gyffen & greoanse for Ay." 

nThen Felleus persayuit )>iB in a proade yie, 
pdmiMhFriua ig^g Sodsulv he souidlt tnto souie iFTeme, 

■ ftioL ud oom- ■' . 

And Priam leproayt as a puie fole, 
"WM hethyng and hate aa hya h^h wordoe. 
Antenor tail tyte to troaae he comaundes, 
1820 At the most in a moment of hia mold passe, 

Or he dontles shold degb for hia dwfe woidya.- 
Antenor vntomly tumet his way 
HbHiib Wttftoutyn lowing or lefe, lengit he noght, 

la, wiun 1824 But &8t vppon fote ferkyt to shippe. 

And hasted to the hegb see in a bond while ; ■ 
Sailit on soundly as hym selfe lyket. 
On dayes and derke nightee diyuyn on the ythes, 
1828 At Salame fall eonnd ^ai set into hauyn. 

That tyme in the tovne was Telamon po kyn^ 
To soioume a season aa hym aelfe lyked. 
Antenor ai^ly aimtrid of ship 
1832 And wentto ^at worthy his wjlle for to shew, 
MirTst" ^° welcomyt fat w^h wttA a wille feble, 

u ouua o( jfi3j i^g louet not his lede of long tyme before : ■ 

i- n ■-) Yet be fraynit at ^t &eike trhcdui he faro wolde, 


1836 And the cauBo of hia come to hia courtte fan. »«*'■ 

The Troiane fuU umbly tolda tym Anone ;— Animot ■«■»«. 
" f&o Priam, full priBt haue I presit hedur, Borti™. wiiun 


And vonea oaer the ^™ghie bis wille for to Bay, •BmcnWiw. 
1840 That in Troy truly is a, triet kyng, 

And lord of ^e londe aa he lyne oLde ; 

J)at now of youj-e nobilte newly desyies 

Hia Syeter to be sent to his syde Bewme. 
1814 pat hynd for to helpe faertely he prayes, 

Pai ye kepe in youre company on mclene wise. 

As aubiecte vnto ayn, vneemyng for you. 

Soche a lady of lynage & of lordia comyn, aaeb > it&j 

1848 That were knowen for kynge« of cuntre fele, iuitM vi'oi» ° 

Sho might haue bene mariede to mors |)en your Munon. 

fibi voiship to wed aad as Tvife holde, 

That ye bane thus in hething, & a hore maee. 
1852 And ober dishonor ye did to hia dere fader, Boi»ii wm ^^^ 

• -' ' fonrinm If lie i>in 

All he grannies to forgyue & neuar to graue after, onir Hud Huoh 
Iff ye send hom ))at aemly )at I sew fore, 
That he may menske hui witA mariage Jiot ye 
mart haue, 

1856 And Itestore hir astate in sum straunge lewme : 
lliia is the cause of my come, I couet no more 
But a graunt of your good wille )iat grat for to 

When Antenor had tolde &, hia tale endtt, 

1860 The kyng was caste into a clene yra ; 

And WTotiie at his wurdes aa a wode lion, Triuiwn ii 

He Anawaies in Anger Awrthwert agayne ; — uod; ' 
" Be, sir, who bo enr ))oa be, wttA ])i bold speche, 

18^4 Mb memellis of bi momlyng A bi mad wordes ; numii •^ Rch 
Syn he uo knowlage, ne Aooyntouuse of my con 

ITe I hudely herde of hym hade in my lyue, 

That he Jiia Message Wold maketome at this tyme. (m, si m 

) by Google 


»*Ay. 1868 I un not purpost plainly his prayer to liem, 
u4 wui not bnr Ne hifl wiile for to wiike wete Jwu for sotha. 

Enowen be it to ^i kyng of Jut case wele, 
HtUdiUmMU Tliat Iwj'tA Eicules antrid hia rewme, 

tedfOHwUh 1872 When Lamydon waa o lyne & the lond aght, 
■iiocatiiaiudTv ffor to wreke ts of wnthe, & the wegb hatme 

Botfae of akatlie & of Hkame, as we skylle hade. 
Thei ynlQi bstell at the bui^ I my blode ehed, 
1876 Depe woundes to the dethe,& mony deife stroke^ 
And the Cite I sesit Boneet of other ; 
Was cause of the conquest witA my dene strenght ; 
nutUwMTkii And for ariche leward of my ntnke irille, 

moiigrUiirHt 1880 All the eoueranis by assent assignet me hir, 
""'™'" ffbr to wirke witA my wiUe, A weld as myn owne; 

And for lesse hir to leae ^ I hir luff boght, 
I think not, by my thriAe, for no |)ro wordya. 
1684 Syn fie be is so faire, A so fele vertua, 

So corins, so conyng, & of so dene nDrtoi, 
Me is not lefe hii to leue and to lyue after. 
Therfore, say to thy souerain Jiot ye sent hydur, 
■wi tM ihiun 1888 He weldis not that worthy but wtV* wale strokM, 
htonrord. AndwitAswappyngof BwerdyB,}K>f hesweltwolde, 

And ^n faithfully a fole, A a freike mad, 
Hay be uountid in this case for )n come hider, 
1892 Soche a mesSBge to make at thie mene tyme. 
Wete Jwu full witterly in wamyng to other, 
Baue I let for my lofe, ^ou ahuld ^i lyffe tyue ; 
And be done to the dethe for ^i deife speche. 
On Hn •! iki llto' 1896 Pas fro my prssens on p^ne of ^i lyffe, 
mHiiM. And rape of my rewme in a rod haste, 

Or )ion ehall lelly be lost and ))ou leng ogfatar." 
Antenor for anger auntert no ferre, 
1900 Lut not ^ lede^ ne no lefe toke, — 
(M.oa.) Shot enyn into ship o Jre shire waghis, — 

Hade Inr at his bak^ and )ie bankes leuyt ; 
Ha Ah Bill M Siulet furtb soundly ft ^ see patrt^— 

, Google 


1904 Come to Acaxon pere Castor was lord, Baokv. 

And Pollux fe proude, Jwt waahis purebrothir: *^^'°Jj|^ 

Bothe nynit in ^t Kern, as I red first 

To ps courtte of fe kyng come he beliue, 
1908 His message for to make, as I mynt hane. HturiTHUthiir 

He salut ))0 eemlf all wt'tA sad wotdys, uwn, wd nUw 

And told furth of his tale, taried no longur, Pctan*! miMigi. 

Of the dole and the dethe of his dere bder, — 
1912 How ^e lewme was rabbet, ledurs ynow, — 

His Sister ^t was sesit, his Cite distroyet ; 

And couet pat cleane, as I declaret hane, 

ffor to lede to his londe rppon lyue home. 
1916 All priamus purpoe plainly he told, 

Of his message by movthe as I mynt ere. 

When Castor hade claoly consayuit hia wille, OHtornpUH,-- 

He onsvated hym honestly witA oniyng a Utlll;— 
1930 " Now fiynde, vppon faithe and at sad woniefl. 

We purpost neuer plainly Priam to wrathe, 

Ne offend Ms Jirendeship viik no felle dedis. 

Wtti oaten caose of Tnkyndnes, fiat was kyda 
1924 His &der va forset witA his fowle wille, "Tiiit Lwni« 

Did hething and harme to our hede Bewmes j ami m mr, ihv 

We wrekit vs with wonndis & )« wegh slogh, llc^dhUonDtlr'' 

Did our lykyng in Ma londe as vs leue th<^L 
1928 Qwerfoie vs qwemes noght now his qwaint 

We fors not Ms frendsMp, ne fere of his hate, nu tti iHin. . 

We lone noght his lede, ne his land now^ ; MndiUp u4 

Ife charge noght hie chateryng, thogh he cMde "^ 

1932 He laoes )« Aill litull, lede, as me tMnk, nu u. muuc 

To make )ie Jiis message for to mels here : iiBaiwiHaUn 

And p<m hardly no hede of pi hele toke, 111,1^'™*' 
N e thy lyfe was not lefe ne Insty, it semys, (m. a ^1 

1936 When poa entrid our He pis erende to beire. 

) by Google 


But loke ]>at no lettyng ger fo lenga here, 

Ne no tarying the tyde for tene Jiat may folow j 

ffor and ^mi do ^oa ahalt degh, dome ^e non o^r." 

19iO Qwen Antenor ^ia aunter angerly herd, 

He tumft hym tyte wit% outen tale more, 
Hatrtit hym hertely, highit into bote. 
Wound vp full vightly all hia wale Ancies, 

1944 Caght in Cablis of pe caluie water, 

Biaid Tp a biode aaile, bade brethe at hio wille, 
ffore enon to Philon wtVt his feris all : 
Aroue ])ere full radly, rest in a bauyn, 

1948 )Mre Nestor the noble Duke was n^h nt his 
WitA a company clene in Ms close halle. 
■- The man with his message menys him to. 

As legate and lege fiom his lord comyn. 

1952 He mekyt to fat mighty, and vitlt mowthe said 
His chaige full choise, chefe how he might, 
Euyn fairly by fourme, as I firate said. 
S'eator anone noyet fere wit7i, 

19S6 And wait at his wonle« into wode yre ; 

He frothet for foils, and fais face chaunget ; 
His een flammet as fc fyre with a fells loke ; 
And lonret on Jie lede wttA a liuthe chere, 

I960 Onswaret hym angerly witA Awthwert woidjs. 


t " Thou sot witft TUsell, s«niand of o fe weret ! 

, How duTst Jmju 80 dernly f is dede vndertake. 

To appere in my preaens wt'tA so proude woide^ 
1964 )}at iiiyn eris ahuld negh the noise of ^i spechel 
But for noy of my nobilte & my nome gret, 
I shuld tere out pi tunge and ])i tethe euyn. 
And chop Jini^he ^i cheke* for ^lalei^ng ao 
high :— 
1968 Spede the to spille in apite of fi kynge, — 



To be hurlet wtVt horses vpon Ixard stones, 

And draven aa a dog & to dethe bniglit : — ^ 

Brittonet f i body into bare qwarters, ^ 

1972 And caste vnto curres aa caren to ete. ^ 

Sile fiirUi of my eight in a sad baste : 
And ^oa taiy in )iis towae, or any tide lenge, 
J}on shalt h&ne fiat I hute 1l }oa benca worth." 

1976 Antenor arghet mtA austeme wordes, * 

Hade doate of tbe Duke Jk of bis detbe fere, •: 
Left tbe tyrand in his tene hade, turnyt hym to fie. 
He highit full hastely A of his bond past ; 

1980 Shoke euyn into ebip, & tbe shaike leayt. ^ 

A stitbe man to the Bt«re hade, & a stoute wjnde, 
Were blouen to ^e brode se in a bir swithe. 


There a twnpeet hom toke on J» torres hegh : — 

1964 A rak and a royde wynde rose in bor saile, J 

A mjHt A a merkenee was meraell to se ; ' 

WttA a routond rayn rathe to be boldo, u 

Thoniet full throly with a tbicke haile ; 

1988 Wtti a leuenyng light as a low fyre, 

Blaset all tbe biode see as it bran wold. 
Tbe flode wj'tA a felle coura flowet on bepia, 
Rose vppon rockes as any ranke bylles. 

1992 So wode were tbe wagbea & pQ wilde ythcs, 
All was like to be lost, pai no lond hade. 
The ship ay shot forth o pe shire waghea, 
As qwo clymbe at a clyffe, or a clent hllle, — 

1996 Eft dnmp in tbe depe as all drowne wolde. 

Was no etightlyi^; vith eteie, ne no stithe ropes, 
N'e no sayle, ^t might seme for vnsound wedur. 
But all the boemeB in tbe bote, as hom beat liked, 

2000 Becoght vnto aaintte* & to eero goddes ; 

WitJi knelyi^ & crie to fere kynd halowes, 
And witA solempno sacn'fice to soke fai awowot. 


, Google 


J^ dayea Jroly J»i Jirappit witA Btormya, 
200i EufrinpoiiitfortoperyseheinthepaleBtremys; 

WM daunger and diede duret vnder hacche, 

ffor wete of ^ vaghes fiat wastis OMer hed. 
r The fiirthe day fell all ]ie fuerse wyndee, 

2008 And the wodenesof iraghee wightly wtVi dit^he; 

Tlie 86 vex sober and Jie aun clere, 

Stormes were atille, Stremes abated, 
' All calme it he come, comferd ^e peptilL 

2012 pai kairen to ^ cordis, kuitten vp ^e saile, 

Atyrit the tncle, tokyn ^ere herte ; 

Kachya on kyndly, & Jiaire course held ; 

£uyn tumit to Troy, taried no lenger; 
2016 Fnst into port, pronde of |>ere lyuen ; — 

Lepyn vp to ^ lond, leuyn pere ship. 

%»per bueme all bare, on pen beat wise, 

Soghtcn to sainttw & to sere goddys, 
2020 As pM beghly hade het in pe h^h stormes. 

When ))ai hade melit wi'tA ])en mowmette« & 

made pere ofTrond, 
PsHburmet fere pilgramage, pmyera and all, 
• AuteDoi Amyt after anone 

2024 To the palia of prise of pnam the kyng. 

Among Lotdys full li^t &. o^r lespeopull, 

L ffull glad of pat gest and his gayne come, — 

P&t hym happint wt'tft hele hit vnto londe. 

2028 When pe soaemn was set pat )»e soile aght, 

And pe lords* of pa lond, wi'tA hie lefe children, 
Antenor his tale titly began. 
And rekont by row all fere rogh apeche ; — 
2032 The pronde wordia & ps prt'se of Pelleud the 
The tene & the torfor of Telamon after ; 
The Beprafe and prise of Pollux & Castor ; 
The noy and fe new grem of Nestor the Duke^ 



2036 With the fere and the fare of his fell chere ; b«*t. 

And all fe manaa of po men he witA mowthe ( 

As it was said to hym aelfe, euyn with sad nordes. 
When the kymr hade coneayuit all his clere tale, w*™ "" *'"« 

2040 And fo Authwart ansveree, hym angert full soie, M017, 
That his message was manast bo men all. 

And reproued wt'tA jniae in f&v proode yre ; 
And of hie sustw sorili set out of hope, 

2041 Seaer to haue hir at home, ^n Ms hert chaunget, ^' d^mniiiM u 
And pot hym in purpae no peaee for to make, wilm iii> entmi» 
No\? wackons yp weire as ye shall note after. 

) by Google 

^ttam tofte couiuteU to Witrct on i>t ffirettgd. 

Now Friam peraaynit all ^ese proude woides, 
2048 The gmne of fw Grekys, and pe gret yre, 

How ^M maistene Jiere malis mth manas & 

Uncertain of his Sister for seyng hir euer, — 
N« redresse for pe detbe of his dere fader, — 
2062 Ne to barmne ))at he hade was no hede takyn ; 
Soche a sorow & a eonr^freme sanke in hie hert, 
)]at his harme, as a hoto low, het hym with in 
MoTO frike to ^ fight, feller of willa 
2056 Pan he purpoat plainly wi'tA a proiide ost, 

ffoT to send of hia sonnes & ofer eibbe ftyndo, 
The Greket for to greve, if hom grace felle; 
To wreke hym of wrathe & hie wrong liche. 


2060 But say me, air kyng, what set in fi hede; — 
I What wrixlit )ii wit A f i wille chaunget ; 

' Or what happont thee so hastely wiUi hardnea 

of wille. 
To put fe to purpas, ^t pynet )ie after. 
2064 What meuyt the wi'tA malis to mya on pi harme. 
And to cacche soche a connee, to combir bi 

) by Google 

WttA daunger and drede of a dcde hate, 

ffor a lure )>at waa light & of long tyiue ; 

jMtwold jepelj haue bene foi^eton in ^erea : 

ADdneuermeiiit witAmowthebut ^uTghmiahap. ""^ 

Thow ea not ^at aothely eaid ys of olds, 

And oft happee to liit qwo so hede taa : — 'tb^r^l^ 

2072 " He Jrat giidis wi'tA grete yre hia grem for to 'VK.i.u».t 
venge, ihuia.- 

Ofte shapb hym to shote into shame ferre, 
Vfith hoge harmee to haue, & his hert sarre." 
Hit ia flikei, for eothe, and a Bagh comyn, — 

2076 "He bat Btalworthly atondes, rtir not too Bwithe, •n»«>»t«i» 

' ■' ■ hlfh ilKnltl 1 

Lest he faile of hia fotyng and a folle haue ; wir tw qnid 

ffoT be ^t set is full sad on a soile euyn, 

And pight boa his place on a playn ground, I^^dl^' 'Ji 

2080 Hym )>ar not hede to be hurt with no begb Mle, 

Ne be lost )>uigb his lip to ^ low ertha 

But fou put fe, pmm, to so proude Aunter, Butpmm.i 

ffor to beuyn on fi banne in a begb yre 
2084 And fi fall was so fueise wi'tft so fele other. • 

Thy Cit4 and ^i soile sesit of ^i hand ; 

Thow dungen to dethe, and [>! dere sonae ; — 

Thi lege men lost, and of lyue done. 
2088 Tburgh vnwaruea of wit ^t Jii wirdis cast, 

Thow ges mattV to men mony day after, 

fforto speke of (li spede, & witA spell herkyn 

Of ^i lure and ^i losse for a high wills. 
3092 Sow what felle Jw be fortune, Jb ^i fre pepull, 

All in couisae how it come I will carpe ferre, ' 

And tume ^ayne to my tale, qwill I tome haue. 

f nam by purpos a perlament assignet, 
2096 And gedrit all )« greto in hia grym yre : 

£nyn into ylion )iai entrid by dene, { 

There ^ souerain waa set in a aeterioll, 

And all fe Iord«<of ))e lond, wt'tA bis lefe childui. 


2100 Then carpea the kyng and his cause t«llas. 

Why the metyng was made at pe ineue tyme : 

ffoi to aerche of ^ sounde & to say ferre. 

" Now," quod the Boueroiu, " aa your assent woi, 

2104 The man )iat with message meiiyt fro tb all, 

By assent of my solfe, & sythen of ^e lorde»,— 
He is comyn to ^b courttc, as ye know wele ; 
And )ie Anthwart anawares ))at Auntrid bym 

2108 Ys knowen to ^is company be course of his lale. 
Thai hede not the hething, ne fe barde greme, 
Ne the wrongat )«i wroght, ne wiUe to amend; 
But witA sklaunder and ekome to skathet agayn, 

2112 In fere pompe and fere pride & fere pure 

Our goddM wi'tA grace get vs ferfro ! 

]}at noner \a happon bo haid wi'tA bom to be spit. 

God will nogbt, y wis, our wirdis enpaira, 

2116 Socbe dedis to redresse A our dethe voide. 
Let ys purpos a power pas into grese, — 
Stir furthe with etrenght, atroy of fere londes, — •'. 
Get my aueter agayne, or sum grate other, 

2 1 20 And wreke we full wele of weghes full nobill. 
We Me bigger in batoll, bane a burghe strongs, 
Wele wallit for fe werra, watris abont^ 
ffew folke to defende fro a fiierse ost ; 

21 2i And are knigbt«a in our cuntre kyddiBt in Amiys, 
flell men to fight a full fiierse nowmber ; — 
Wele viteld, y wis, for wintora ynow, 
Stuff of al maner store fat ts strengbt may : 

2128 We full of defense, & no feute, haue 
Help vppon ycbe bond highond ts to. 
I And now eotbly it eittes ts, as semith to me. 

By assent of youre selfe, A ye so wills, 

21 32 ffor to pwrvey a popuD pniddest of werre. 

And gird furthe into grese wtt/t a grat batell ; 


Pas into ^em prouyiis, pray in hor loadya, 
Djng horn to deth er any dyn ryae ; 

2136 £r any batell be bonne, horn to bale worthe, 

J)at TDwamyt of our werkes or hom wo happen. 
Thus, I say for my selfe, hit aittia va all, 
ffor to pmfier our pei-aojiB & our puTe goodea, 

2140 To range of onr velany and our vile horme, 
And our etote to reetore wi'tA strokes of hond. 
Let not fere you the fiay, ne the Telle chaunse, 
That the GrekM vs greuyt, & to ground brogtit ; 

21 44 ffor ofte aith hit is sene, and in aere londes, 
That a victor of a victe is vil6 ouercomyn : — 
So 1 hope hit shall here with helpe of our 

t|WEN the kyng had hie counsel] declaret to Tbt ocuikII miipt 
theende, tb.p™p.^ 

2148 Hit likit all the l^s )iat the lorde said ; 

And affiimet it fast witA J»ere fn wille, 

To pnme with ^«re peiBons & jiaira pure goodea. 

Than waa priam full proude, preyaet his lordeg, «ndPriMiii.giiLd«i 
2152 iMnket hom ])roly, )irappit no lengur ; uwtu. 

fFoll glad of the graunt vitfi a great joye, 

More feruent to fight, ftoerser in heit, 

Mychecomforthliecaght of ^ire kyndspeche; — 
2156 And ))ua pertid pe persona & presaet to fere 

Orr conNBELL OP the kikoss children. 
When the pepull was depertid & the prmae Tiwceiineji 

Voidet, Kiwd.UiekinR 

Saue the kyng and ^e conrtte wiUi his cleoe uunudhmii;. 

jTat he wan on his vifi'e, as ye wiat ere, 
2160 And other aonnes vpon ayde all wttA faire < 


) by Google 


BmHiYi. J)8n Ector was one, as aunter befullo, 

firo the parties of payeme present at home, 
By comauudement of ^e kyng fat was his kynd 
hub« Ruiihw 2164 And when Jra eons all somyn were the Syre 

rmnd Uia, Prtuu , 

irlth lan VmbO, 

mtinmM. EujTi stondyng full still, as Jiaire astate as^, 

Thus carpcs the kyng to his clene childur, 
WitA weping and wo, wateryng of ene, 
BM. M cj ^^^S Sobbjug and sikytig, Syling of terys. — 

"DonotUM "Now synke* not in your sowle )ie sorow of 

ESTrirt S^ yo«' graunser, 

j™ "^ ' And the dulfull dethe of your dere fryndes. 

The seruage of Ezina, )«t is in syn holdyn, 
2172 And hade in horedam for hethyi^ of tb ; 

And we so mighty on molde & of majne 

ft «ui ba tiH ^^^ ^ '"** "^ ""^ lyuesi and we let sholde 

AMtuoToar iih Qqj. jq wieke VB of WTatho for any wegb oute. 

■nngitiitm. 2176 Aod ye )rat are jope kuightee, A. in yowthe alse, 
Sbuld highly take hede in hert for to venge 
The slaght of )ie sonerayne, fat was my sure 

And my wille for to wirke, as ye wele aw. 
It crinM OH, 2180 J)at greuys me foil gretly* & to groimd bringes, 
"rSS"" Hit dinld com you b, co™, ,» of k,nd ohMer, 

•errf tor mj To be Bory for my sake, & soner fen I ; 

And part-taker of my payne wttA piickyng in 
2184 And fo\i my son, for sothe, soneet of other. 


■DTuviiiinahdr, Ector the eldist, and heire to my selfe, — 

«t :— ibog Antms in armys, ablist of person, — 

wf *«wf oMi Boldest in batell, and best of fi bonder , — 

pv^.- '"' 2188 Thou ehiild hede to my barmes, horkon my wille, 

) by Google 


Piirsew to my purpos, present myn astato ; 

To lede all my legis vitii likyng in werre. 

Thy brether obey shall thy biddyng vnto ; — 
2192 All )« Benkes of my lewme will )n red folowe, 

Aa etorest of strenghl to atightill thy foose. 

And Boche tftandfs to tamo, ^t tb tene wirkea. 

"WHJt haidynea of bond, & vitlt hole might, 
2196 Ger horn bowe as a beralet & fi blithe eeche. 

I Aioyne thee this iomey vri'tA ioy for to take, 

And the charge of )ie chaonse, chef as fou 

may. ibiTbudn™!!-' 

This burthen f ou beiie Bball, biggei (wn I, 
2300 Wightur in werre, and of wale stren^t. 

Lusty and likyng, and of lite yerea, 

Highty and monfull, maiatns to wirke. 

And I, oumaad in elde wttA arghnes in heit, ( 

2204 My flouiea bene tallen, & my firike ^e, — 

I grannt thee fie gouemaunse of fia grot mode, 

And shake it on fri sholdeis, shape ^ J'^rfore." 


When Priam hade his prologs preched to ende, 

2208 Ector hym answaiede esely and faire, 

WttA woidys full wise vnto his wale kyng, 

Vnder shadow of shame shewed in his dieie. — 

" Host wonhipfull fader, & my &e kyng I • Hnt wonhf pAu 

2212 Hit is kendly by conise & custome of men, bin ut!^-"' 

))at any hardlaike has, or a hede shame, !hi^ !^™'°' 

ffor to wreke in hor wrathe of wrangos before, •»>■"([•- 
And if we, fat are worthy, & wight men in Aaditwi, who 

2216 Take harms, other hethyng, or burtys vnjoldyn, JII^j°JLT|i;l' 
Of any erdyng in ertbe euenyng to vs, • "i™* 

Hit were shortly a shame & a shire greme. 
&br }e more he is mighty, f&t the mysse thoii^ 



2220 The took the greuaunoe ie grete & to gref tumys. 
If we deeyre no lediease of dedk before, 
We may boldly vs byld wrtA bostia out of Reaaon. 
Nov, dere fader, in fiiithe of all my fre brother, 
aratiiBMtwBf 2224 NoD ifl hoMyn so highly the harme fortovenge, 
Sbmnr. * Of my graaneers grefe so gretly as I : 

ffoT I am Eldest and heira aiter hym belyue. 
And the first of ts fyue, as &lles by chaunce. 
andtdadniiM 2228 8o first will I found his fos for to greoe, 
f^ And couet it by course, as comys in my hert, 

Wm my body to by, and my byg atrakes. 
On light bond shall horn i«ue pe rest of p6 
2232 That my graunser wttA greme gird vnto dethe, 
And sloghe all our Site^yns, &, our sad pepull 
Brittoned to bale dethe, and ))ere blode shed. 
Bat.fldtutai(M)w But laithful fader, A our fre kyng 1 

Mk OH tuaK— 2236 I aske of you thing, — ^but anguie you noght, — 
mfTj, Lettis mene to your mynde at fiis metie tyme, 

"■ And consider to oure cause WitA a clene wit ; 

Let ourc gate hb so gourmet, ^t no grem folow, 
2240 Ne no torfer betyde, ne no tenu after. 
Goer lokes all lures to the last ende, 
PobdnHHTiup What wull fallo of ]» first furthe to JiQ middis ; 

udoc^dwwiiM S"B forthe to ^second, sercheit wttA in, 

mviuppon' 2244 And loke to )w last end, what lure mayhappyn. 
TtiKiiKitit Hit isnocounsell toencline, ne to calle wise, 

oriaoiUwtog, Nc not holsom, I hope, ^at hedis to ^ first, 

Ihibc^^ili^ -^^ for-sees not the fer end, what may &lle 

2248 What proffet any pjwwes w»tA a prowde entie, 
To begyn any goode, on a ground febill. 
And fortune it faile, and haue a fowle ende ! 
" " sldT'iriid ^^ ^ '"^ ■^°' *" ""y** soche a wilde counaeU, 

aoBMi, 2252 And put of a p«rpoe, fiat enpaire might. 

Or Jwt Trayueris in wer what shall worthe of ; . 

)b, Google 


Licker at fa hat end in langoie to bide, »oo1iti. 

And tume vnto torfer, fen any triet ioje. " ™" "** "■ 


22S6 A bliafull b^ynnj^ may boldly be eud, •ntmht" 

Pat ffolow to fe fer end and bath a Mxa yasne. uuen mik ■ yMr 

ffall witty to vale & worshipfoll Eyng I 

I Say not this, sotliely, to sea of your wills, 
2260 Se pntpyon fro pttrpOB, ne platnly for fere ; 

Bat to wisBhe you witA wit, fat woraMp m^t 

And eschew eoche a chaunse Jiat cheuys to 

Te wetyn fjs full wele, woishjpfull fader I r« tmm lui 

2264 t>atall Anffiike&£Dropeai«vnd«rferepoweT, — UAdUAHniu! 

Sittyn to horn aabiecta, & mony syde londes, m^i^^ a*' 

J»t fild are all fdl of fiierse men of ^rmys ,■— ^ Jj 2^" 

Of Enightfif full kene, lie cant men of wille, 
22S8 And of comyna to count out of course mony, 

ffull wise men of wer, and war of hor dedys. 

There an not in Asia, to Ame all the pepull, (•*.»;».) 

So fele flgfatyng folke be a f uerse nowmber, 
2272 As the 6reke» may gedur & get when horn likes. 

Hit semee more sertain, sotbely, to me, 

YfF we wackoa vp wene wttA w^hea so fele, tiunfin uw« 

That are bigger in batell, boldest in Armys, .ith uum, x 
2276 Hit may n«gh V8 w»tA noy, but neuer to our ioya ^."taTDtvtru 

La^B to our lyving, and likyng we haus J''- 

Of pes A of piowes out prouyns aboute ; 

Of Riches full ryfe, of rest at our wille ; 
3280 fiUl atithe of astate, & atondyug at eee. 

Why couet we combraunse, ot cachyug of harme, wiv mm w* 

In enpayryng of our persons & pyllyng our ^SST^binni 
goodes, ^ 

And to put TB fro pee ^yne for to thowlel 
2264 Sothely your suster dttee va not so bard^ 


HEoroR DiesuADBa fbom war. 

' To dianngn for hii choisly the cheiijet of tb 
here ; 

Or all so myght Aunter to atter for en^. 

To Bfke ^, in certaTO, bit eemyB not enyn ; 
2286 And put ts all in perell for pyne for hir one, 
I Jxtt long sytben was laght & out of load broght, 

And mey be dnpit with dethe in yerea a few ; 

And all the ^meryng for yetcn. in yerea A lyte. 
2293 Notrhoopeyenot^hyndefader, neinheit thinks, 

That I caxpe thus for cowardys, & be course ferde, 

Or for the sake of my aelfe in sauyng alone ; 

But I doute it for deatany, and drede at )>e ende, 
' 2296 ffor lure and fot losse of the londe hole ; 

Bothe of soile & of Septor, soueraynly of you ;— 

That we falle into forfet wi'tA our fre wills, 

And chese ts a chaunse pat cheuys to noght. 

2300 While we may atithly abstsyne, & atond at out ese. 
Hit is leifuU to leue syche lykyngeg in hele ; 
And put of a purpos of a pioude sate, 

pat harmea at fie hynder ende & heuy to beire." 

2301 When Ector hade answaret & endet hia tale. 
He enclynet the Eyng & closit his mowthe. 


Than paiya aprochyt And put hym to say, 
And come with hia counsell dectaret his wit. 

2308 " Now fader ful faithfull, and our fre Kyng ! 
Will you suffer your son to aay at thia tyme, 
And tent to my tale, it tuiTiya to the best ? 
I shall put you to purpoa and plesauns at ende, 

2312 Who might faithfully be ferde, or fortune to 
Syne we are put in proeperite & pepull so fele, 
And Riches so Rife, and Reames beside ; 
Wi'tft a Cite full sure, and set fnr the werre ; 

2316 With Armure, and all things abill to fight. 

) by Google 


We mlglLt say ttiis for certen, & suppose it in b«*ti 

Sjn wo ara put in proaperite, and pepull bo fele, 
That any care or confusion shnld come to our 

2320 Therfor, fkithfnU &doT, fclow your wUle; 

Send fiirthe a soume All of sura knightes ; 

Let hom giid into Grise with a grym &re, 

fifight with your fooe, fonge of thaire goodes, 
2324 That tb haimyt bo highly, & our hede aloghe ; 

Our pepnll to pyne, pild all our londe. 

And yfr it UIu) yoni Aliegiannce, fat J, jour 
lefe son, 

Be sent fiom. your seluon with sure men of 

2328 An aioyuet to fis Jomey with iuete men & sure ; > ^(U "f°i« t^ 
I am Biker, for eothe, it shall tb wele like, Inn^i 

Worship to wyn, and our wHle haue. 
ffor my goddis me gronntid, & of grace lent, ti-'xvp'^^' 

2332 The Grekea for to grefe, A of grem bryng ; u>™uwur», 

Confound of hor cunbes, kylle of hor pepuU, 
And the luatist lady in hor lond wyn ; »na to win u« 

Bryng hur to ^is burghe, & no bale suffer, tiiiiiiimiL 

2336 That be chaunget by chaunse for your choise 
And yf ye wilne for to witte how hit worthe 

I shall telle you the trewthe how me tyde euyu ; 
And all the case how yt come know yf ye lyste. 


2340 " Hit is not meuyt of mynde ne mony day past^ ^<* '«« ■(», 
Syn I was leut in a londe, ^at ie lefs ynde, i*wi «im inb 

Your hiddyng to obey, as my blithe fiader. "^ "**■' 

In the se.-ison of somer, er the sun rose, 

2344 As it come into causer, and be course Entied, 



Ba*n. ^1 Hit fell me on a fiyday to fete Tppon huntyng. 
lr™mNiFrtJw WitA myrthe in the momyng A mony other 

to hunt wtth DeDnlL 

All went we to wod the wilde for to cacche ; 

2318 And labnrt full long, laytyng Aboute. 

nuniUayv* Till myddsy and more myght we not fynde, 

bat vbm (ns- ffoF to wyn Bfl foT waithe in ^at wode biode ; 

"^ "" Tyll liit entrid to euyn, & eaynaong was past 

2352 Then it fell me by fortune, fer on e, playne, 
ibgiu)id*h«t ^ I beheld buigh a bolte, a hert for to ae, 

■11 ■lou. p&t pastured on a playn pertly bym one ; 

And I cast me be comae to com bym before. 
Fut from aj 2356 ffast fro my felowes & fuerely I rode, 
■iidmn KfttKun Eu^er Icdo hade I loat, A Idl me behynde, 

And ewaruyt out ewiftly, might no ewajne folo. 
On thrrnvh tiu So I wilt in the wod and the wilde holtis, 

tmiauDatoi 2360 Ser fro my ferea, and no freiko herde, 
iHt^idw. '^'^ I drogh to a derke, and the dere lost. 

He f rong into f icke wctdee, fiester witft in, 

ffbr thomee and tres I tynt bym belyua 
ThmioHHdiBi 2361 Than I aesit of my ante, & softly doun light, 

Beheld to my hoiae, ^t hoto was of Rennyn^ 

All awoty for swyme and his swift cottrse. 

That atremya from bym straght, &, atert Tppon 
))e erthe, 
2368 And dropia as dew or a danke rayna 
All w<MT I All wery I wex and wyll of my gate, 

Hiiiiv iba renn. And taght to my reyae, riobet o lenght, 

taTb^'-"" Bound vp my blonke to a bogh eiiyn ; 

^'oiHrmi ™ "^^'^ ^^ graithed mo to grounde as me gode liked, 
■miiw uh bri«M In a shadow of shene tres A of ahyre floures, 

Oner hild for Jie hete bengyng wttA leues. 
«Bdpi»rfBgnv My bow fiat was bigge, A my bright qwyuer, 

u ■ irfitw, I KM 2376 ArowoB and other geire atled I anon. 

Fight as a pyllow, put vnder my hode ; 

And el^hly on slepe I slypped be lyua 



I drow into a dreme, & di^hly me thought """ti. 

2380 That mercxaj the mykUl God, in Jw meue tyme, J,''™'"i,Sui» 

Thre goddes hade gotten goyng hym bye, •'i™ vM—^ 

That come in hia company clere to beholde : — '*"■ *• ■■' 

Ven»M the worthy, bat Tremen ay plesyn : Tmn", Piiiin 

■' ' ' ' pad ]a,oa, ftood 

2384 And Palades, wt'tA pore wit ^t passea all other ; MbnmiL 
And Jono, a iiistiB of ioyes in erthe. 
These ladia he lefte a litiU beayde, 
And sothely hym seluyn said me thiea worde*. Thitnermij 

2388 ' To the, Paris, I appere witA Jire pn'se goddes, .-pirin i irpw 
That are atad in a strife here etondyng besyde ; thHcuma 
And haue pat horn full plainly in \A. pure wit, Xr^ao^na 
To deme as [« dere thinke Sb ^i in dede holde, ^[il'^^'^^dh 

2392 When treuthe ia determynet St tried by the. 

Thus it be fell hom by fortune, faire aa I telle ; — 

As ))ai sate in hor solas sarayn at a fest, ilJJl^Tj^ *( 

An appull of a new shap, ^t neuer man hade aene, ■ b*" •>i>pe ■•• 

2396 Coyntly by crafte was cast horn amonge. 
Hit was made of a mater meruell to shew, 
Wi'tA greto lettura of Grace grauyn fere vmbo. JJf^Il^^f" 
To rede it by reson rank** might aa, fcinwiboom 

2100 That the fairest of >o fele Hholl >at fn haue : 
And duly this dome haue f>ai done o ^i selfe, 
And put on fi person hor pese for to make. T^ °"^ ""'■• 

The is hight for to haue h^hly by me, ™* tt>«jp™i>i" 

2104 A mede of ^o mighty to mend the wi'tA All, 

As in rewarde for to ricche of hir )>at right has : 

That ye iaithfully shall falle & not faile of. 

Yf bou Juge it to Jono, this ioye shall Iwu if joa MJnUg* tt 

\ ' r t«Juno,j« 

haue, — bomiH Che 

2408 To he mlghtieat on molde, &, most of all other : — mh. °° 
This ho giauntis ye ki gyffe of hir good wille. 
And if bou put it to Faladee, as for lonr pj-ise ifi»p«ii«p- 

lady, •wutiiifyeti: 

Thou shnlhe wisest of wit, — this wete ^ou for 

sothBf — 

) by Google 


241 2 And know all the conyng, ^t ky ndly ia for men. 
Iff ^u deme it in dede duly to Venus, 
Hit shall faUe the, to fortune, pQ fairest of Grice 
To haue and to holde, to )ii hegh mede.' 
2416 Wben mercuiy hade menyt this taaier to ende. 
And gmnnt me )iiBe gyftis hit gladit my hcrt. 
I onswaret hyin eaely euyn vponon :— 
'This dome is in dowte to demyng of me, 
2420 The certayn to say, hut I hom aegh naked ; 
And waited hom wele, fo worthy togedur, 
The hodies ahoute with my bright Ene. 
Than shuld I fiiU Bone Etay, as me thought, 
2424 And telle you the truthe, & tory no leugur.' 
KtrewT Bid 1— Then mercuiy wt'tA mowthe Jnia roenyt (^yne ; — 

dHin.' ' Be it done euyn in dede as ^i diseiie ia.' 

^(duiiiniu. Thau nakuet anon full naitly were all, 

2428 And broght to me bare :— I bluaahet hom on. 
I waited hom witterly, as me wele thoght^ 
All feturs in feie of }o fre ladys. 
Hit semit me for certayn, & for sothe dom, 
Trair.VHimni 2432 J3at Venus the Tertuua was verclj the fairest, 
iwudid bti Um Host excelent of other, and onest to wale : 

And I duli, be dom, demyt hir the appulL 
And ho fayn of jiat faire, & frely me bet 
2436 That the mede ehuld be myne, pat mercuiy said& 
TiiM r Mwokt, jjgQ wightly ])ai went. I wackonet witA fat, 

And grippet my gayre & my gate helde. 
Now, howpe 3e not hertely, ^at f\a h^h godde^ 
I u. nrtiin. 2440 Will faitbly fuliille ))aire forward to ende 1 
•ani Into on«», I am ceiten and sure, be I sent forthe, 

i^'iJf* The brightiest lady to bryng of po brode londys. 

^h«*ijrf,,( ^0^' ™e^e fader and raylde ! fie message to do, 

2444 Ye deme your dere son, & dresse me f erfore : 

Hit ehall glade you full godely agaynes your 

gret angw. 
And fiUe you witA faynhod, in Mtbe I you hetc" 

D,-;>»otv Google 


When he told hade his tale tomly Ig the eude, 
2448 He euclinet the kyng, and Corpit no more. 


Then Deffuhns diogh negh, dieseit hym to say, — 
Com before the Kyng, & Corpit on highe ; 
All Boherly, for sothe, & sylena he hade. 

34£3 " Now, dere fader Tppon deee, & otu due Eynge I "nwtuiHri 
SoJTers yoMr son to say at thia tyme : — ••> ;- 

And fe dome of yche dede were demyt before, "I)'*!!?'''' 
To giepe at fe begynnyng, what may grow after j J™t> i"*""- 

U56 To Berohe It full Bosily, and se to ^ ende, 
Witft due deleberacion for doutis of Angor ; 
Who ehuld hastely on bond an heuy charge take ? ,^^'^y ^^ 
And he cast be coarse what shuld corns after, JjJjJJ^ """' 

2460 Shuld nener purpoe TBperiaahit be patto A yBsn ; 
Ne nener no man no note to no end biyng. 
Iff tylmen toke tent what shuld tynt worth, J^^SSJI]^ 
Of Bede fat ia sawen, be Beeyng of briddM, ""* "* "» 

2464 Shnld nenn- ciHne for care be caste vppou erthe : Bauibcaidnw 
Ne neuer dede afauld be done but ireea fiirth to 
nt^t. < 

Therfore, iader, it is faireet, fat ye a flete ordan, '^j^^^ ^J^ 
Wj'tft a nauy full nobill, Jiis note to b^ynne ; Jjl?" *"■* 

2468 Puttia it to Farya, & Let bym passe fuithe. 

As he said yon hym selnyn, is sothely the best : 
" Mo pure man may pertly preue it for other. 
And if it bappon hym to haoe any hynde lady, J^"J? *'""'' 

2472 Or any worthy to wyn & Away lode, 

Hit may cheae you, be chaunse, to channge hir TB^aajAvat 

to acliuvE* h«r 

agayne, tot jont ■««,•• 

Yoar snater to sese and in sound wyn, 
)}at our fame so defoulee, & is in filthe holdyn." ' 

2476 When Deflebus hade done, he diesdt hym to 
By leae of tlie Iorde«, fat liket his wordes. 

, Google 



Then Elinw^ efteaoncs, (^ras £ldiRt of birtbe 
After DeffebuB, by destyny) he drest hym to 
say J — 

2480 Come beforo the kyng, declarit his wit, 

And warpet these wordes, as ye wete shaU. 
" A I comly kyng coronid, fat fis kith aw ! 
Lot no blyndnea you Wenke, ne yowr blisse faide, 

248i "Vnwisely to wirke In yojw wUde yre. 

I know mo so konyng in the clene Artis, 
Thui^h gifte of god, & your goode fyndyng, 
J)at I wot all the wordyB, & the wildn Angles, 

2488 J)at be course are to come, & the canse why. 
Tout seluyn sothely asayot haue before, 
I told you neoer tale in tyme fat is past. 
Bat ye faithfnUy bane found it fore as I said. 

2492 Theifore, putte of this purpos; Let Paris not go 
On no wise in this world, for woo fat may 

I say you for ceit^n, & it so worthe. 
That Paris be put furthe hie purpos to holde, 

2496 Gird vp into Grese, & any grem wirks ; 
This Cite full solempne sesit be fen, 
WitA the Greke* to ground gird Tnder fot«, 
And we exiled foi vaer: this Aunter shatl 

2500 Abetene fen stithly, fat no stoure happon, 

))at dnwghes to oni dethe, vndoyng for euer. 
Soche bargens are bytter, fat hafe a bare end. 
Turne your entent, lest it tyde after, 

2504 J)at ye be drepit wttA dole, and done out of 
It lyue ; 

And Ecuba, your owne wife, atigur to fole; 

J Tour sonea vnsoberly slayne in the place. j 

All^thiea cases ahall come, I know it full wele, 

2508 Yt Paris pas forth, aa purpos is takon. 

, Google 


This is sothe, fat I say, 8»>, witA your leue : Bockn, 

Now 'wirkys by wit, as yoa well likes." 

Then he bowet the bueme & huaket to ayt, 
2513 Seyit forth wttA sory cheie, and his sete toke. 

When the kyng hade conaayoit of his clere wit^ *^ u>k <«• 

And hia woidys full wise, all his wille chatmgetj •umuini; 

He wan stonyt fall stille & in a stody tate, 
2516 And ferd ef fw felle wordes, }iat ))e freike saide. 

AU the buemes aboute ahaashet fer wiih, ■» *«« 

B« OMise of the kyng, ))«re countenatuiae &iIod : 

Was no wee ftA a worde warpit ^t tyme, 
2920 But all atodyn fnll atille : astoneide ))ai were *»< iiood am. 

tfoi ^ wordys of wit, ^t ^ wegh toMe ; dtonuhML 

And doote of his dome for deetyne feloU. 


Than Troilos fiill tyte talkm wtt& mowthe, — TraUn itwn 
2624 ]f>aX was ]m yongiat of yeris, & a jepe knight, —^ 
Stake Sylease belyue^ and abrode saide : — 
"Al Qobyll men of nome, what noyee your 'AhiiiDbitmnKi 

hert«1 "™.-hj» 

Why are ye trowblit bis tyme, and yonr tung (ULUa.i 


2528 And menyt so mykell, for a mad prwte, noimimKiod"' 

That nener oolde of no knighthode, but in a SJiSJr'^'" 

kiike chydet 
Hit is propuxti for a preste porellis to diede, 
S«rd be for fight, and fer shun it, 

2532 KeUe hym wttA mekenee, ^at hym moit louya, 

Delyte hym in Diynke, and o^ d«re meyt^, iSSaiiolS 
Set hym to solas, aa hym selfe like*. aw-wmi.' 

Who may tell it for tni, or trnst hane ^erin, 

3536 pat any gome ahuld be giaiihe of our goddei 
Or haoe knowyng of case for to come after t 
llieie is no wyse man, I wene, ^ will it suppose, ifoaiawp 

, Google 


J)at a foole stiuld be forwiae soche ferlies to know. 
2540 If Elinuf be aigb, & oumea for ferde. 

Let hjm tegh to po tempnll, tallce wM hia 

Deuyne aeroice to do, and bo diode kepe ; 
udMixharinai, j^^ let Other men Aunter, abiU Jerfore, 

to >ipa oiu oar 2544 ffor to shimt tb of shame, ehend of oof foos. 

And vei»ge Ta of Telany & of yile gremy, 
WhT. bthar, ■» Why fader, in £dth, are yo bo for toouhlet 

•tbuvordir At his wordya of waste, & hia wit febill 1 

CcmuiMiiA Out 2548 Comannd, air kvng, fiat a 'clene naoy 
nxir, ud ftiUj Be redy to rode on ^e nigh aee, 

Of«iu <riu (fi*i* AH wall foi }e werte, wttA wight men ync^h : 

uwiun. Syne the Grekea witA greme may giefe vb no 

wa ■■nroM-) 2552 Bat it syt horn so sore, fat )iai sorrow euer." 
^[SS^uftu When Ttttilus hade told, & his tate endit, 

(i>d,uda^- Hit blithet all tiie baemee, ^at>b(mte etode, 

■BouMU ' Of his wit, & bis wille, & wordet fall bolde ; 

2556 And confennyt his coansell by comyn assent. 
Ttaa mm thm Than comaund ths kyncr the oonrtte for to >yse ; 

Askit water wi^tly, weotton [to] meyte. 
Bothe hym aelfs and his sonnes, wttA sera loidea 

2560 Maden all inmy, menyt ^ere apecbe. 


When etyn hade all men & at ese hene, 

Bordys avay borne, buemes on fote ; 

The kyng syttyng hym 8e1&, & his eete helde : 

2561 He comannd for to cnm of his kynd sons. 
Parye apperit, pert Deffebus alse, 
Comyn to the kyng, knelit full low, - - 
ffor to wete of his wille ; & f e w^h saide : — 
"I bid ])at ye buska, and no bode make; 
Pas into Payone fen pnee knightM dwellid, 




Doughty of dede, derfe men in Aimys. Boakvi. 

Aseembte yott Boadioars, Sara men & nobU], 
2572 Shapyn in shenB ger, witA ehippia to wynde, 

The Giebys'to greue, & in giem biynge." 

pAa fsi lacchyn hor leae, — lowtoa hor Icyng, — ■ 

Cayren forths to fo coate, & hor coarse belde. "^ •« mu .»* 
2576 Aseemblit sondionra anon, many sad huodiith ; omm. 

And lengit while fem list, Jie lend was («re owne. 
. The Bocund day, eothely, for to say feire, . SwTiTraran™ 

When he hie sons herde, ha somond his lordee w« iord>. 
-3580 And all the knjghtdt to come, & clene men of 

To appere in his prssena a purpoa to take. ' 

When ^ souerain waa aet witft aere lords* vmbe, 

Then caipea the kyng his kuighW vutilL SlJlt^iJirt™ 

2584 " Now, loidss of my lond, & lege pepull ! U" o™*»i 

The case is well knowen to your clene mynde, 

How- Jie QiekM ts greuit, & to groniid broght, 

And pnt Ta, wttft hor pnde, to pouerte full loV. 
2688 Of our nonerans & aih men B«ruondis to he, 

Ay hengis in my hert |)e hethyng I thole ; uJStJi^udiD. 

Of my Sast«r in aernage, & in eyn holdyn, i>i»'i"i"i 

Hit meuye into mynd, & mekill me noyea ; 
2693 And I sothety haue sent, as ye see qU, ^^^!!Za 

Antenor to aske hir, & Augur no more. "• ••*"'» 

He bade not of horn bat hethyng & skome, 

Gcete wordis & gief, & moche giym ^to; 
3696 ])at donblia my dole, & to deUie bryngis. 

Now wonndya ahalbe wrogbt, wegbea to aotow, 

And dyntM Aill dedly for }o deie.sake, 

I haue purpaat Paiys wttA priae me» ynow, 1^*5^^'''°^ 
3600 Into Qieee for to go, & bom to gteme ; : aphUUooimAar 

Kylle of hoi knighte^ knocke bom to dethe; (ibLUa.) 

(riype of hor godea, and ^yne wyii. pinndw tn* 

Hit may chefe hym by chaunce to get sOm choise ^^l^itd^ 

DD.:ea by Google 

66 ro Bt, OR, vat to bi. 

Book TL 260i Or sum vontan to wyn. Jut worthy U holdjn, 
^^(^ ** Biyng to tfaia buighe, (& other brode godes. 

Oar wonhip to vyn & oni will luiue,) 
That majr chfife by duunae ohaunge for ExiniJ. 
2608 This I will ^t ye wete, & you; wills ahewe ;— 
HOurmMm If ye deme it in dede, ^ub I do will; 

vHiiHTTHaMi And punue on my purpos plainly to ende. 

u, ha vui gc no And if ye liat it be lefie, let ms wete sone, 

*''*^- 2612 And I wiU soberly aese, & sue it no fane. 

]}of )>ai tooahe me witA tene, all these tore hannei^ 
All the comyna be coniBe hane cause for to say; 
ffor it Angnrt bom all, & out of eee brought : 
2616 And as wise men iritnes, & in writ ahewea, 
^t at longta to lenge on a lall oomyns, 
Shnld propnrly be a-preuyt hj the pepull hole." 


nf hen tale of the trew was triet to ^ ende, 

£620 And ailens on yche tfyde sit^g fall stillo, 

A Btueme of yo stithe wen atondyng aboute, 

Pn«bn^ MB (4 A pia^ man of pure wit, piothena he bight, 

pbiiii»i>iu>r, tiHB ^at was sotbely tbe son of souaran Ewaebij, 

;j^"" 2C24 A PhyloBofer f^e fefe yeres past, 

J5»t, Ouyd in old tyme oponly telluB, 
Had all the <a»fte & conyng in bis clere wit, 
cx**«««' ]}at piotagoras the pate god poeseesiant was of. 

2628 This protheua pertly put hym to eay, — ■ 

To the kyng in the court oarpie tbiea woidM :— 
"Aii,iuUikiii(i "A Inobill ijaa & nomekowthel notwinyour 

^tmimaia hett, 

And sufiora me to say, Symple yol I be ; 

2633 Let mene to your maiesty ^ mynde of tny 


Hedya me wi'tA heryng, & in hart kepe : 

I will telle myn entend vpon tiew wise, 

»M*^"i" And say yon in sertain }nt ye mon sure fynda 



2638 Hit is knoweu to you kynd lord & your court Bo o tvi. 
That my fader was a philisofeT, Sc of fele yeres, — "J ***" "• ■ 

•* ' pUloHfitaflri 

To the nowmber of nene skowre, & his nome (iw.«w 


KOUthe, UuniiClaRiiiil 

And fully was enformet of forUme deuyse, 

8640 What he course was to oum of care & of ioye. 

Ofte ho Bflid me for Bothe, & for sure tolde, ^ *^J°1 **"* 

)Mt if Paiya vn'tA a pepull past into Grese, puHdims 

In purpas to pray, or profet to gete, 

2641 An wan Jmie a wife & away led, 

>itgret6TrojeBliiildbetane,&(yrnyltogpound, ^^^^^^ 
And all the buyldynge« brent into baid askys : 
Tour selfe & your sons sothely be dede, 

2618 WttA the Orekes in hor grefe; & }ia ground loat 

Wherfore, wbeme kyi^ I for what fat may come, wtimfor^ <iav 
Let your lordship lystyu wttA a lone ere, 
And wiike after wit, fiat worship may folow : 

2652 8yn wordys of wise men is no wit to dispise. 

And nomely in ^ not«, Jiat noise not ymtr selfe, 
Ife hnrttec not your hegh Astate, ne no harme 

And peraiaeraonse of purpos may quit you to lure, 

2666 Tom landys to lose, & langur for euer. 

Why couet ye be course to cum out of ese, — whj lonnw 
Tour rost into Boboy & to ryfe p^vllis, nibter)' tat 

Bothe in dam^ei and dieds, Se may diyfe of t ^ 

2660 Absteyne yon stithly, ^at no atoure fall ; 

And endtue fiirthe your dayes at your dere ese, 
In lykyng to lyue, & yonr ledie all, 
Wttftouten heuynee or hamia Hedis to fat, 

2064 And pnttis of ^t purpos ; let puis not wend ; Pui en Uut 
Let ano)ier do ^t note, if hit nede shaU. «> Puti io. 

This is my counsell, air iyag, eaxpe I no fer." ^t'SSw.f 
At ProtheoB profeai Jte pepuU made noise, " " ""* ^" 

S668 Myche Bomur & rud speche at his red sonue ; TiwpMpitmoDk 


His olde fader fBntaai ))ai filet in heit, 
' And repugnet ]k> pointte* vitA a proade wille ; 

As, lord, gjfh fiai leuyt hade for Inie ^t come 
2672 Hit miglit, by fortune, baoe fiulet of ^t fonle 
But it was deateynid by dome, & for due boldyn 
Hit pleeit wele the pepnll at paiya to Tende : 
Thay affennyt hit fully, & &ren to fen Innea. 


2676 Hit come to Caasandra, )iat vas the fcyngea 

That, be ooimBell of the kyng Se oomyna aesent, 
Paiys was pnrpost wttA poner to wende 
Into Qieee for a gay, all on gcete irifl& 
2660 All in aikyng & eomv, viifi syling of tons, 
Ho blast out vitA a birre from hir bale hert, 
And all frathly ho foie in hir fyne irittea ; 
Warpet out woides wonder to heie. 
2684 WitA a caiefnll die caiping ho sayde :— 
wk^ iMnsdiis "Al nobill Tioye,^noy ^neg^yeathond! 

intiMad,tt. What Tnhappe & haidehip bapnee the to I 

All )i tourea & iHiet ahalbe ^myt mder; 
2688 And thy buyldyng betyn to ^e bare erthe. 
Jtaiwut" ■*■ ' ™happy hegh ^ng what hazdsMp is to the I 

'"*'*»«^ •* Piiani, & Jd pepnll, be put to Jw detiie j 

Ynder aenuge set^ Se aotow for ay. 
<M«»4 2692 What defense has ^ done to onj deie goddwt 

amuh^o And faa qwene, ^at mqwemyt has on mm 

qwaint wise, 
The augur the« is, Ecaba, entnmd on honde 1 
t)at all ^i sons shall ^n se slayn wttA ^ ene. 
p^ C^ 2696 Why puttw >on not Parys his pttrpos to leue J 
pupaHP" That shall be caTiae of snche dtaa, fai wnll come 


) by Google 

fATE tniBT BB TVLgtUjm. 89 

Ho loa faa full mdly, & ran to }ie kyng, BwtvL 

Wi'tA teris don trickelyng of hir tore ene, ■** "» " *• 

2700 And a aembland foil aouie^ sorow to be holde, 

She pmyet hym fall pitotuljr his purpoe to Iraa II!l'™u,'''" " 

As Ito ^t iriBe fras t^ wi^ & wist it be-fore porpcH. 

Hkingb craft of bir conyng & comae of ^ aternys, 
2704 &ia aaid hym full sadly with soiowlViIl irordys, 

AH shnld tume hym to tene, & ])e tovne lose. 

But fortune, ^t is felle, forUiers his ^me ; Botuait 

Hastis to vnhappe, having no lewarde ; tana mf^iui* 

2708 Ordans an yssev, euyn as hym lyst ; pvpiM. 

Tnniys all entent, ^t hym taiy void ; 

Caches forthe his cold viidis with cnrnpas to 

Bnt I may eothely say, & for sate holde, — • ^t^Ht^ *** 

2712 Hade the connsell ben kept of the knight Ector, (M-at.) 

And the Emyst speohe Eftward of EUnn^ the 

Cassandras care considret witA all, 

WttA the prophesy of Protheos put into hertys, 
2716 Troy iritft fi tonres hade bene a tonne noble, '^^i^^'SSL 

And wond in bis weile to the woAdee end& ttr.ia. 

Bat no man t«ntee to tene er fe tyme come, 

He ferd is for fortone till it fsOle ta 
2720 And ^f bit cbannees to chefe pat men chaiga 

To grow into gionnd harme & grenys fall sore ; 

When the t«ne ib be ^e, & titniyB to fe went, 

Men demyn hit for des^y, & for dne holdyn ; 
3724 And takraiyt to >at entent :& hen a tale euciea. 

) by Google 

&m t^gnius t^e iSntgnt Boftr : 
^lAa ^arss tomt into ffirrae for ®Ian. 

1m.^« **" ^^' J^ Ensrmore ertia to skathe, 

•di*r, rata Syzlea full Svfa in her ranke hertee. 

••inui* bauti. This forward waa festyuit wiVi a felte wills, 

2728 And all the purpoe plaiiil}' wttA pouer to wende. 

Bit betid ^ in tyme, as X telle shall, 

When ait Tas [the] Sun ^eae'sigitea betwcne, 
]T|"'~ Entred in yodos, efler as it fell ; 

2732 And the planet of pliadea, wtVt hia playn course, 
win.-nwm) Into tauie was tumyt as the tyme asket. 

Um Hnth of In the moneth of May, when medoes bene greite, 

adon *n And all floiisshet with SomeB ]>e fildee aboute ; 

"^ *°" 2736 Buriona of bowes brethit full awete, 

fflorisshet bill &iie ; frutas were kuyt ; 

Greuys were giene, & Jo ground bilde ; 

Hit waa likyng in Laundys ledya to walks ; 
rbtribta' 2740 Paiys the pert knight, And hia pure brother, 
*'*'iS"*° Comyn Tnto courtte wt'tft company giete, 

(jita. Of thra thowsaund frro knight«^ ^uand in 


The praddiat of payone, pn'se men of honde, 
ptmaUc* 2744 Shippea were ahot furth on the shyre water, 

All boune on the biode aee, wttA botys amonge. 

To nem you the mowmber naytely be tale, 
™S^nro, There were twen^ and too, to twyn horn in 

.1 irtobuiiHi Bonder, 

) by Google 


2748 Stithe Btuppea & stoure stuffet wttt viteU, B">vn. 

All liill Tpoa flote with fyne pepull in. 

The kyng oomannd to some, & oold hym aoon, naUnicaik 

AntenoT alstite, and Aonteros Eneas, •»' Pnijdnia, 

2752 And Polidanuw prut, — a full pert knight, 

Antenor Ayme son, aldiet of yens ; 

Bads liom boake & be bonn & no bode make, «nBHBdi tb« 

To pas fnrthe wi'tA parys & bor pnae knightof, ■» "ix p>rii 
S7S6 Bowne on Iior beet wise in bor blight wedie. 

And ^ gnnutid the gtete viOi a glad cbere, 

And ahope bom to ship in a eharpe haate. 

All the pepull to appera Fiyam comanndit, Th*paiipi>>iio 

2760 That ware purpast to pas on the pale atremys, PuHipiiZr 

And wightly thiee words* watpit bom to, b*>niJi«ui*:- 

WiU a Sembland full sad, er be see wold : — 

" Hit nedya iwt now our nayes to telle, WtMMtk* 

2764 Ne mony woidw to warp^ for it ie well knowon. npawko. 

All wete ye tny wille why ye wand shall, 

The (hek« foi to grata, if your graoe happe, 

And hanne witft your bond, ^ our hede alogli ; 
2768 To range of onr velany, & onr vDe gram 

And hardlaike we hade of horn in }ie londe : 

And most ia my mynde, & I might bane, •jogiimjMir 

My Sister Exiona feo B«raage to brynga SSmh™ 

S778 That ehalbe choialy yo««- charge : chefe & ye may eWrf ""* .- 

WttA all yovr migbt« to meno, & moet to 

Ob horn ^ hir holdis, & va haime dyd. w. m »o 

We^ hit all wele : wi'tA outen any cauao 
S770 pat }o dayeos yon dent, & to diede hcoght ; lomtt. ondci 

And for Bedui & ranka haime (tf mright dedi^ 

We may tyre t8 wttA tmthe to tane horn agayne^ 

And wxeke ts of wiathe & wrangea before. 
8780 1 hid yon now baily wttA bennes at all, 

)Mt ye set you most aouerainly my snster to geta. ■ 

ITow is ^ma moat tore to tente }sn abmite^ 

) by Google 


And to aonter on our Enmys wt'tA annBB in irene, 
2764 Out Enjglithode to Ejthe, & ooi dene atrenght ; 

And mraie ts wUh monhode maiab; to vyn. 

Wetis all vela : & yon wont <%ht, 

~0r any case to you come oomford to hane, 
2788 To be snppooeld by eelfa & my aad belpe. 

And if it falle you be fbitimB to foitber yotir 

My Syetor to sese, or any anre lady, 

Te haue ehall my belpe & my bole atrenght, 
2792 To pas -witA a power to Jaire playne londys, 

t>at all tbe dayena ts doato eball foT our derfe 

And be war tb to wratbe to ^ worldea end, 

Prtns© of Jiia pouar Paiya abalbe, 
279S And leder of these ledys & the lefe pepoll ; 

And Deffebus, my dors son, I dem hym fo next ; 

WitA counsell & comford of dene men of wit, — 

Of Antenor, & Eneas, & other fiill noble, 
-3800 )»t fere shall in feie & feliship to gedur." 

When the Kyng hade dedarit all hta clene willc^ 

Than entrid the osto evyn into shippe. 

Paris wtt& pyne, & his pure brother, 
2804 Toke louo at >ere lege wttA loutyng & tens ; 

Shot into ship with shene men of Armys; 

Lanset lonpis &o the le ; lachyn in Ancres ; 

Brode sailee Tp braid ; bonkis ^ lenyt. 
S808 WftA Jono, the Jnsto god Joynat to >e see. 

And YenuB the worthy, ^t horn well plesit, 

Thay sailed forth sonndly witft saascaiable 

Tyll \iai comyn of the cost of Caudeda in spase : — 
2812 Of tbe regions of Kene, & rods ^ere in havyn. 

Gayn ynto Greae on ^e gray water. 

By the B^ons of Hens rode ^i farre, . 

Stteit by the stremys of the stithe losdya ; 

:ectv Google 


2816 Ay l>oim to the bao&e, when hom best tiioght^ BoofcTit. 

Sot to light on ft londe^ & Ung on hoi ese. 

Now it felle hom by fortune, as fni fere so, 

MoQolay for to mete, the mightieBt of &ese, JhrSf* "TT* 
2820 Come sayland by eyde & the see held ; . _ wv to pju* 

PuipoBt vnto Pyle by prayer of Nestor, (ms. hu put) 

To solas hym a season, & soioume vitA the I}ni& 

This Menelay, fat I mene, the mighty before, ^'i!^^^ 
2824 To Agamenon the graithe was a gay brother ; ^jj'™'™^*' 

And had weddit, I wis, & to wif held 

Elan, )>at aiturward angert hym sore. 

Of hir feirehede & feturs is ferly to here, 
2828 I shall telle you, when I tyme hane, tomly her- 
aftwr. ■ 

Ho was sustei for sothe, as I said ere, shmiinnof 

To Pollux the pert kyng, & his pere Castor, 

})at soioumet the same tyme at the Cite Emsoor, 
2632 As l^is in hor owne londes, a lonely hom wi t^ — 

Ermonia, a Afaydon ^t ))ai moche lonyt, — 

A doghter full dere of dame £1an the quene. 

"When the Grekes se the grete natty, bai girdon Tin and» k—f 


o rowme, bb*. 

2S36 And menyt £n> fere metyng at the mene ^me. 
Kawther company by course hade Kennyng of 

But past to JieiQ purpoa Si no pWse made, 

And sailet vpon syde vnto sere costya. 
2840 Parys and his pepull past by the atremys, fuh at his 

Hadyn wynd at hor wllle, & the wedur calme, hvcmniiitwindi. 

And sailet to Sithera, and set into hatiyn ; ^^cv^T*' 

A ground of the Qrekes, as hom grase fells, 
2844 And now cald is, by course, of hom Jut coetc« 

Sytrinoa forsothe, wtt/i Sailors to nome. ffcti**.) 

There aiofe all the rowte, as fai rede toke. 

And halit into hauyn, & houyt full stille ; 



*^"- 2848 Caste ancies full keae witA cables to grouado ; 

- ffestonit tbd flete, aa horn Uljk thoght ; 
«™i«*il° BuBtja into botys, wew bome to Jie loud, 

To eolas horn a amBon, as horn Bel& liked ; 
2853 And waited yppon hor wirdea for wynnyng ot 
In Sj^hero, for sothe, vas a Bolempne tempuU, 
Of VenuB, I wis, fat worthy Taa holdyn, 
fibundet beToie, fela jreres past, 
2856 And enabit of old ^en aontras were Bene. 

WitA Riches fbll Rife & myche Banke godys, 
The yle well enabit & onest vitJt in, 
And lyuet after law of Jie lell gentils, 
2860 pat Venus the worthy worahippit for god, 

And most honourat of other wtt& oneet^ ^ere. 
Then aontsrod hom oft, onsware to haue. 
When Jiai put hom wi'tft pmjer fai prise for to 
2864 Thus tyd hit |>ttt tyme, as I tsUe wille, 
J^J^ )Mtthepraicipall<JipnBefestof ^erepuTOgoddys 

HUivUa W» holdyn ^ high dayes wiiA hom ]>at]>ere 

And other folke rpon fer fell tfiedui thicke, 
2868 With myknll press of pepoll of prcmynce abontcv 
■ Soght to ^ solenit4 sacrifis to make. 

Worthy wemen to wale, wete ye forsothe, 
))at pKst are of pilgrpnee to pas oner lond 
2872 To waite after wondree, & wiUiiU desyre 

Uoie Janglyi^ of Japes fea any Joste warkM, 
And for boUs & sight ^en Bacn£co to do. 
When paiys peraaymt had the pepuU anon, 
2876 He cacchis & compony clenely aiayed. 

And to the tempull fiill tyte toke he ^ gate, 
ffall mylde on his maner menit witAin. 
. On a side he hym set, as semyt for a straungior, 
2880 In pniyeis foil prist the pepuU beheld. 

, Google 


He oflert onestly in lioDOur of Tenns, Bsak Tit 

A gobet of gold, fat gyngye miglit ge ; 111^*" ""• 

And aylid for^othe on the same vriae, 
2664 ffor Bolempnite of sacTiike in sigjit of |ie pepnlL 
Paria was puie iaiie, & pleeaand in sight, 
A Rtoie man & a atonte, full etithe hym be eemyt ; 
fiaireet be ferre of his £re buemes, 
38B8 Wenien waited hym well, hade wondtw of H«i««dmLrBi 
hym one, in*»n. 

That of shap for to shew was shene to beholde. 
And dad as a kyng in dothye full fjoB. 
He was loayt witA ladys, lappit in hert. 
3893 As course ia of kynd & comyn desaira, 

Ich on fiaynet at his fere be frekrs to know, ALiwondirind 
Of what lond weie ^ lonely hit list hom to wete, ^ ««. 
And prinsipoll of Farys the pepnll deaeiiet, 
2896 Of |)at eomly to Ken, & hia cause here. 

And o siUien it was said, & for sothe tcdde, 
That Faiys was Fiyam son, fai prtnse is of Troj, 
By comaondement of his kyng comyn into Grese, 
2900 WitA a company dene his coayn to get& 
Exiona sothely he soght for to haae, 
That TeUmon hade takon & witA tene held. 
And set vnder s«niage Jot hom sore greayL 
2904 This epeche fbrth sprede & spiange rppo ferre. 
Oner all into yies, so annter befelle, 

Into the Eres of Elan hit entiid belyne. iw«i )hui oi hm 

The prishede of paiya was praisit bo mekyll, ana gmt bmur ; 
3908 With ferly of his fiumes, & his &e bneinee^ 

8ho was lappit in longyng fat lonely to se, mI'"*""" 

And to wete of fat worthy wtti wilf oil desyre. iw- *• * i 
As wemen are wonnt in Wantonhede yet, 
3912 WitA a lityng fall light in loue fi>F to falle. 
That hetys into hertye and hnrtcs sene after ; 
So longid this lady with lust to the Temple, Lottinipftowr 
WUh Sacralice solempne to seehe vnto Yeniw. 

, Google 


3916 This ha tolde hir entent, as ^ tyme «aket, 
And to Htue )>o atoate, & hir astats shewe 
To the folke of the fiigie with a Bnko wille : 
Holdut ^en holjues bappont so then. 


2920 Hit ia wondwr to wit of wemea diBsyre, 

J)at shunt not for shame to shake ouar hade, 
To glogh vppoQ gomee at gedering of folke. 
And prese vnto playes pepoll to behold^ 

2924 )}at ledis vnto looe witA lostea Jut foloves. 
Tong men & yepe, yensros in heit, 
Bauleshe hom Radly & ^aiie lede iuraye ; 
Puttee hom to purpos ^at pynes hom after. 

2928 SochestiiryiigAsgarstamUe, fiatstidlaetwoldbe. 
, Vfiih Bight at BSBemblis, & sythen ■witA speche, 
yfitit flatery, & Jure wordys fallyn to godur, 
Acoyntyng hom Ttt& kiasyng & cUppyng in 

2932 WM Soasyngs, & Sotelte, Settyng of cases, 
The willea of mmen wightly fai chauoge, 
To fitllo Tpon foly Si hor fame loee : 
Ifow fey be )» iieike }nt it first oidant. 

2936 Soche Riot & Bevdl ao rynely to haunt. 

Of yonge men & yenerus, fat ynmes to gaomes 
To dannae amonge danis^ ; drawing of gtovis, 
WttA comouyng in company, |K(t cornea but to 

2940 Gen maidues be mart, mariage fi» done ; 
Btyngat wynes into wondu)- ^aim worship to 

And ertes ay to enyll ende & emyst by the last. 
Thn^h whiche treason betydes, & ternys vm- 

2941 Bolde men to batell and biker wttA bond : 
Jjst draghes vnto dethe, & deiis full mony. 


OH mUODESIT. 97 ' 

Theifoie euutes to seche and to sere halowea, b»*vil 

And tnme vuto Templia atyrit vitA pnde, 
3948 |N)f it be U if u H to ladys and ojwi lea women, 

^t it ledis Tnto laithnes and vnlefe werku ; 

And ahotia into ahama aa shene haa ben olt«. 

But|wuElan, Jathflldynwaahedeofallladya, ^SSSJ^ 
2952 And the faiiest of fetus formyt in erthe, 

What wiixlit )ii wit & pi wille chaimget, 

In abaena of })i aoiurayne, for aaghes of pepnll. 

To pas of ^i palajs & pi pnae cliamber, 
2956 To loke on any lede of a londe etraangef 

J}at might iaiie haue refraynit wi'tA ^i fre wille ; 

Haue Bauyt thy septal & fi aelfe alse. 

Hade ^mi holdyn |ie at home, hedit ))in aatate, 
2960 And not cayiet fto coort pen company waa gedart, 

To waite aftor wondura for a votde light. 

Hit were aittyng for sothe, & aomly for wemen, " '""V,^ 

l)uie honaea to haunt & holde bom witA in ; ■« '"""■"*__ 
2964 Eepe hom from company & comonyng of folke ; uiiiTbiH>gBr. 

And, ouer all, Jtere onesty attoll to saue, 

Whethir a aliip, ]iat is shot on pe ahire wawes, 

Shuld drowne in the depe, & it drye atode, 
2968 Halyt into havyn, harlit with ropea. 

Ne a woman, I wis, pat, wisely will goueme, 

Shall not into feme but of hir fie wille. 

Tbon disflyret full depely, dame Elan, pi aeluon ^'^ ■'■■" '•^™' 
3972 To pas fro )ii palls <& }ii pn'uey chamber, odronhippiiKit 

And seche to Sytheiia vitA solempne Avowe ; HOfhi w m 

In colour of ^i cauae pau conet to se 

pat Btraunge, ^t yna stonte Sc stare hym vppon ; 
297S So poa light in vnlefulnes, pat lefiilly semyt, 

Thurgh fi Licrus Inst )<at Lurkit in fi hert. '^^ " *■> 

ffor Jw sight of ^t semely, aotheli, was vennm, J^^^"*" 

pat enfecte pa faiie loue to ^e fairist of Grise, 
3980 And mony Greke with grem vnto gconnde 

) by Google 


Ail tlie frigiee Tniure vuder figM endiL 
Now tarier how it fdle I will faiie telle. — 

Olto assemblid hii B^ruandM wttA a sad wille, 
2984 Hade horn ndly arayed for ]>e rods fuith ; 
Bryug hoTsefl to gioimde and bemea anon, 
To sacbe to Sitlieiia for eolempne avowe ; 
And Ventw to worship, as hir wele awe, 
2988 As ho heghly iiade het for helping before. 
This Sitheria, for aothe, from ])e same yle 
Of Kenelay Jte mighty was but a mene spas. 
And he souerain hym selfe & fa soile aght. 
2992 lite, viik outyn tariyng, atiiit were all, 
Horaea in haste & to bond biooght ; 
The lady Ml louely was lifte vppon on, 
A palfray of pWse, pnidly atyrit, 
2996 And glod on fiill gayly, ^ gayulet to the bonke. 
There light )iai iiill lyfely, lept into bote. 
And weie set ouer soundly into the same yle 
Kight vitit a Pother, and Eayket to bonke. 
Atth* umpii mbt 3000 In bir atire to )w tempull tomly bo yode, 
prMomuous. Jjere onestly eho ofTert, honourt hii godds< 

WitJt giftea of golde & of gode stones ; 
Tariet in the tempull, tentit to goumea ; 
3001 Ho B^h not [lat semly, pea set hir to ground 
And proffert bir prayers to ^e prise goddea. 
Ti«ngiofii« These tytbande* full titely told were to Parya, 

Full I ^at bonarable £laa was entrid in ^e tempull, — 

3008 Menelay mody wife pat he most loujt. 
bitnunibi He araiet hym full riolly wttA a route noble, 

^thi, IB fl.) And past tburgb ^e prese into }>e proud tempull 

He was eoformyt before of pa.t fre lady, 
3012 j)at bo to Castor ^e kyng accounttid was euon, 
And to Pollux : pure sueter pristly to botbe. 
Of hir fairehede feltymes hade )» freike herd. 
Mih bn bmaij, ffio he ^e semly bade aene he set so his egh. 

) by Google 


S016 He pioSert no pn^er to no piiae goddis, »i^t» - 

STe lie>^ noght hertoly but }« bfflid lady ; 
Ke no lede on to loke saoe lelly liir one. 

THS ruBHse OP klah. 

All the feton of ^ fte wm fonnnyt so well, h« tetany 
3020 And ho of ftiraea bo fele wu feil; to se. 

Hie hoe of hir hede, huyt u the gold, '" r»^'° ^ 

Bost oat Tppon brode bright on to loke : 

The ahede >iHghe the ahjro heia shone aa >e My, 
3024 Slight aa a atrike, straght >nigh tiie myddee, 

Dep«rtid the pioadfall pertly in two, 

Atiiet in tneais troaeet AiU fiuie. 

Hit forhed full freasbe & fte to be-holde, SmJ" «!'.'.'' 

3028 Quitter to qweme |iea ]>e white snaw, ■ow- 

Kou^ lynea ne lerkas but fall lell stieght ; 

VfitA btowee full brent, brightist of hewe, 

Bamyt aa ^ai aet were sotely wttA honde, 
3033 Ckmtyng in Compos, Si in coarse Bounde, 

ffall metly made & meaored betwene. 

Bright aa the bient gold enbowet ^ were. 

Hii ene wall full oneat euyn of a meaum, Bmwm lUaii 

3036 Shynyng fall aheoe as )>e shiie ateraya, 

Or any ataring atone fat atithe is of Tartae; 

flail aatelly set, Serklyt wi'tA heria 

On the browee bo bryght, bordoret fall done, 
SOiO Stondyng fall atepe and stable of ohero. [»■«».) 

Hir nosa for the nonest waa nobly sb&pyn, Htmopfc 

Stondyng fall atr^t & not of ator lenght, 

If e to short for to shew in s ahene meaure j 
3044 Hogbt giowen to grete ne to giefe emalle ; 

yfith fhrilles nof^t thrat bnt thriftUy matte,— 

Kawther to wyde ne to wan, but as hom well 

Hir chekiM tuh choiae, aa the chalks white, Vmn-A^ 

3048 As the loee, waa the nid ^t laiked hom in^ — 



MeQgii witJi mesure in hir mylde face 
To tha lippns full lofflf , aa by Ijn wroghl, 
M&de of a meaae vmb ^e mowthe swete, 

3052 As it were corayn by crafte, colonid witA honde, 
Proporcionet pertly witA pointeres deayse. 
To teUo of hir tetha Jwt tryetly ware set, 
Alee qwyte & qwem as any qwalle bon ; 

3066 Wele cumpast in cours & cleuly to gedm 
By rule ia )ie lede gomye, as a rose ^re, 
t)at wi'tA lefea of Jio lylly were lappit by twene. 
Hir chyn full choiso was the chekys benethe, 

3060 With a dymptdl full deme, daynt^ to se. 
In the hew of ^t hand vas a hegh ioya 
Of fiiieniee so fele in hii &ce shewide. 
The slota of hir slegh biest sl^ht for to showo, 

3064 As any cristaU clere, ^at clene vas of have, 
Shene for to shew & of shap noble. 
WttA. a necke for Jte nonest of natuis deuyse, 
Glissoiiand as the glemes fat glenttef of ^e snsv; 

3068 Nawjiar fulaom, ne fat^ but fetia & round, 
ffuU metely made of a meane lenght. 
WitA ehuldere.full shaply, shenost of hewe^ 
ffoll pleasatmd & playn, wi'tA a plaae lava 

3072 Ooyng dovne as a gotar fro the gorge euyn. 
Hir armys were auenaund & abill of shap, 
Laige of a lenght, lonely to shewe. 
Hir houdes fatis & iaiie, wi'tA fingnn fall small, 

3076 With nailes at the nafer eadet an a nape vhita. 
The brede of hir brest, bright on to loke, 
Waa pleasaund & playne pluttide a litull, 
firesshe and of iyne hew as ^e fome clere : 

3080 WttA two propnr pappes, as a peira rounda, 
ffatis and &ira, of fauour full swete. 
Hir ooree [was] comly & of clone shap, 
Euyn metely made of a madill deuyse, 

3064 As nobly to f» nethur-most as nature cold shapsi 

) by Google 


Paiya atode in a stody & atr^ht on hir loHt; °«*^"- 

ffoete by fat fm freashe of araye ; ^"^ muowhJ, 

Beheld hir fall hertely, hade no rewarda »*«. 

3086 To prayer, ne pepiill, ne prayer wit/iin. 

So he hedit Jiat hynde, & ho hym agayne 

With a lokyng on lenght in hoi loue ene, 

)}at Paiia lio pryaet in Mr pufe mynde, 
3092 Of fetura & founne fairer by myche, 

)»a he vppon hii hertely couthe fynde : 

And thua ho thought fiill thiange in hii tiuo 

P&t BO samely a eight ho ae neuer before, 
3096 Se BO comly a creature to hir clene wil^ 

Ne no lede to hir lykyng halfa ao luff-*ble. J^^^^S^ 

Ho tentit not in Tempull to no tall praytaa, 

ye no melody of moutha made at ^e tyme, 
3100 Ne apecha of no apiritualtie, vitA epeciall ne 

But ay ataiyt bat atoute witft hire atepe Ene. aan tw i»» 

There most vas hir mynd in Jtat mene i^while ; 

And Farys p«roeyait the print of hir aigbt, 
3104 And lokit on Jiat lonely with a light chere, 

Till aithei sight iras aadly eet yppon otQier. 

So be lokyng of lenght with a loue ohere, 

Ayther kyndly by course knew o)>dr wille. 
3106 Then Farys pertly proffert a seigne, uiiPiriimam 

ffoT to telle his entent yf ho tome hade ; umm 

And ho onswaret Jiat Abill after agayne, ""■ **•' 

By aeignee on the same niae soboily to come ; 
3112 And beckonet hym boldly, when bourdys were J^i^^" 

And pepoll in play, hia place to Bemere. 

Farya lietinet lyuely, let for no shfune, 

But diogh to ^t dere & dreaait to aitte, 
3116 And Boftly by him aelfe said what him liket (mb. i« ■fc.-i 

While ofer tentid in the temple tomly to playea, 

, Google 


And QOght hedit ^t hynde hertely in lone. 

And |iE>l hade laiauTe at liut ffere \ikyng to eaj, 
3120 And wiixle ^ere wit & fen iriUe ehewe : 

Ayther vnto oper orghit hom noght. 

]}ai were assentid full aone eittyng to gedui, 

And feetoned fere forward how fai fare aholde. 
312i )}aii pertid }iai pn'oelf, Paris toke leue, 

And loutad fat lonely, & ho hnr luf l^ste. 

Tha knight wttA bia company kayred &o )» 

And sho beheld to fat hynd honyng fiill stille, 
3128 Lokyng on lenght wi'tA a lone ee, 

Ay folowyng on fei till he was forthe paat. 


Then Parys forthe paat pronde at hifl hert, 
Wele labnrt witA louo longit full aoie ; 

3132 £vyn Bhoke to bis Bhippea fere ehene men were 
And gednit all the great greidly anon. 
And said hom full Boberly, er he seee wolde, 
Thes wordys I wis, as ye weto ahalle : — 

3136 " Now faithfidl felowes, & my fre bnames ! 

Hit is knowen to yon kendly fa causa of our 

Why Pryam has put vs fes paitiH vnto. 
This wae truly his entent, & takon vs in chaige, 

3140 His sister Eziona to sese & we might, 

By any Vfaj in this woride & Wiidis v> demyt : 
And if TH liappynt not hir to haue at our willsy 
The Gieke* for to grene on sum gret wise, 

3144 WiVi all fe might fat ws may our malice to 
And nowise may we wyn fat woman to gete, 
WttAoaten hatell full bigge & a bieme oste. 
Telamon, the tore kyng, tentes hir so wele, 

:ectv Google 

TBI BlTiaODIO or BBIBH. 103 

5148 And is fiieraer of folks by a felle nowmber, t*ATn. 

And lappis in hiilooe, ^ leoe bii lie nyll aiiiiMcit* 
BntwiU Btrenght of etiokjB, oi vtik store fight; 
And we ledis to lyte Jiat lady to wyn, falJ tT™^ 

3152 Or any Cit4 to seee by a aavte now, *<i°>- 

)Mre pepnll are so plaintioee, & placis of 

And, sers, eyn he so is be aouspans of goddie, 
Vb may falle here by fortane a folfaire gifte, 

31.56 }}At shuld lelly be laght, as me leoe thinka 

Hera is a tempnll atyret all wiVt triet godys, Bnt bn n & 
And the giettist of Grise gedrit ^erin, wixnui m* 

As of wemen to wale, worthy & nobill, UMinodu* 

3160 And pn'ie of )iis prouynae are in yond pioude ^^Aoa 
ye. otMmltm. 

The most of tho mi^ty is menelai wife, 
Lady of ^is lond, full lonely to ehew, 
The grettiet of gnae and a gai qwhene. 

3164 Yf we take this fiill tite, Se tary no lengur, 
Bothe pepuU & pilage, & put int» ship, 
Hit is a proffitable pray of parsons me thinka, 
And godis fbll grete of gold & of sylusr ; 

3168 ffoT the tempnll is atyiet all wtth tryst clothes, 
Bassona of bright gold, & o^er hrode vessell, 
Chaundelen full chefe, & charbokill stones. 
And other Riches full Bib Jiat we may tad 

3172 What fairor ohnld TB Mle and we fer Boght IM.»M 

Tf ye dame it to do be denyse of yon all. 

Hit sittM, me semes, sons in the night 

We arme tb at all peces, & matter ^en on 
3176 The temple to take and all the trtet ladya. mmmIwk 

Golde and o)kx good^ gripe it by dene, iutt off>ii 

And shote into ouf shippes, shake on onr way : ]«wiim, ua. ibor* 
- And Elan of all thing we annter tb to take, ■"■ ""^ 

3180 Yf we ^t lufQy may lacuhe & lede mto troy. 

, Google 


Book ni. Priam, oat pnse kyng, may preeQj anppose 

His suater to seae, sent by eschannge, 
And Mb couet^ng to cacche because of fiat 
BhaDirtatunpt 3184 Lokys HOW lynelf I wlmt list you to do! 
tUaotmoDr- To molle in fia mater, or tomenefenet 

Aod aseai if we suSse our aeluyn of might, 
Tf we pat T8 to pillage, er we pyne fole." 
3188 At ])e last, when the lede hade left of hia apeche, 
ffele of )>e folke febull it thughten ; 
But jrcbe lede by the laet aliet Jwrto, 
Aiiiant. And asaentid to his saw, & suet his rede. 

3192 When coimseU was ta^t of knightes & o>«r, 
And all things examTnt, so aunter befell. 
The neght drow negh anon vppon )iia, 
And the mone in the merke myghtely ahone^ 
3196 As come it by comae, & cast a giet li^^t. 
jbtj umind Wi aimyt horn at all peces abill to wetie ; 

S^whS To the tempull full tito token >«« gate, 

tbv'»«^ Prayen & piten all the pure godea ; 

3200 Affrayet the folke fueraly by dene, 
Seeit & slogh, slongen to ground j 
Grippit the godys and the gay ladys, 
And all the company clene closit hom wtt/tin. 
PMkniHiHiini 3304 Farys )ien piedt to )» pioude qweue, 
Ua (hip. And sesit hii sone, as hii assent was ; 

(foLH») j^ j^ j^y^ lyuely, lefto hir in shippe 

Ynder sight of sure men set hir to kep« : 
BrtnniBftstk* 3208 And to the tempull Ml ^T^ tumyt agftyne. 

Clamour & crie was Comyns amonge, 
Hoge noise for pe nonest in night for to here ; 
3212 Lelly of the ladies, ^t lener were d^h 
• J3an be led out of lande, lowde waa fe noiaa. 

wa, bm 'ivtmi The noise vpponone neghit to f e Eris 

Of Soudioure beayde in a sure caatell, 

, Google 


S216 That the tempuU was taken & tolkw )wnn, BoakTn. 

And earn |iat were slayne & slungen to gToand. 

By trekjB fat fled for ferd to ^e holde, 

Bietracte were ]iai atithly, & atonyt by dene, 
3220 And hiaid to fen bright gere, buakit horn furthe : 

The soudioura by assent soghten to )w tempidl. soWntoiiH 

In the castell wen a company, kyd men of 

]}at enfounuet were of fyght, & the fet couthe ; 
S224 Jlai tomyt to the troiens, tarit horn longe, 

ffoghten wttA hom felly, frusahit hom abake ; 

Hopit WTtft hbndia to hew hom to dethe, 

Prfeoners to pike, & the pray lyuer. 
3228 tTell was ))e figbt |io fiieise men betwene, 

Monyderfe ^ere deghit, & dungen to grOQiid; 

But the Troiens ware Torer & tentymes moo, Th»Tn(o« 

And greuit the Grekes gretly wttA strokys ; thn u imir 

3232 Opprvssit hom with pyne, put hom to flight, 

ffcdowed hom fueisly, felle hom wttA swoidys, 

Till ffd come to pen caaiell & caght hade pen 

Xhen tornyt the Troiena, tariet no lengur, 

S236 And went vnto water with fere wale godya : 
Lefte lu^bt vnlaght ^at lykyng was in. 
Myche Biches tvU Eife and relikee ynow, 
)}ai shot into shippe : the aheltran to-gedor, 

3240 ))at flld wei» witA folks & ^na gold to wale, 
Sesit Tp Jwre sailes, set hom to wyndea. 
Cairet on the colde ythes cogges & other, 
Agfat dayes benJene & the derke night««, 

3214 Till pM comyn by course to the cuntre of Tn^ ; 
Hit hom into hanyn, as hom hap shope, 
At the caatell, Jiat cald was kyndly by name, 
Tenydon, and tomly tariet pen in ; 

8348 )7at sothely was sex myle fro the cit^ enyn. 

, Google 


ft^TiL Hiere Mofe all the Boirt« & Testdd a whyle, 

And were welcom, I wia, m weghea to ^^pe ownn ; 
Honourt w/tA all men, as jure astote frolde. 
^J^Jl^T^^ 3252 Parya foil p™tly puraait a meeaage, 
'•^i- And sent to his soiurain in a aad haato. 

Of thiea titbandM to telle how hom tyda hade. 
The meaaanger maynly menyt to the kyng 
3266 To Troy, or he iume 'wolde, and told hym in 
|)at hie sons tten in sonnd & hor sate hoU 
At Tenydon ; and told bow bom tyde hade, 
As hym aelnyn bade sene, ^t sothely was }iera 
prtM^^y 3260 pryam ^aa pronde of these pert dedis,— 
au^ BMm to ^g &ineet freike in Uthe ^ on fbte yode, — 

And gedrit witA gsmyn tbe grettist of Tioye, 
And eum of tbe Citizens assemt^t witA all ; 
3261 ffestid horn &ire frely wttA hym, 
""■ ■■" "*»"") And iolde hom Jwse tythingea tomly to end : 

All maden ]iai meiy & mekyll ioye haden. 
As Paiya and bis peptdl were in hor pride samyn, 
3266 At Tenydon Jut tyme talkyng to gedar, 
HfUn udtaor Hit Auntrid bat Elan, with other of hir lede 

tiu. pai were takon in the tempnll, as I to|de first, 

Wera aorowfall aobbyng -with eyling of Teres ; 
(U-Ko-I 3272 All tonmiet wtth tene, tremblit in hert, 
Wailyng Si weping, wringyng of hondys. 
Hit was pit6 to the pepull the pyn Jut ho Jiolet, 
And aaid in bir aikyng wttA a aofte apeohe : — 
3276 "A t myhnsband fall bynd, & my beds brother I 
Uy Doubter, my Derlynge, & my dere rewme I 
Whetbni I ee yon in solas or in eonnd euer." 


puB bemoumet full mekoU & no meite toke, 
3280 But wttA care & complaint,— comford away. 
I^iys hade pyt^ hir payne for to se, 


On fat Ifldy, his laae, witA langour ft wo. B»Am. 

He kaint to fat comly wttA comfortable wordys, p»^ W" «« 
3384 And menyt hii in mau^r hii moumjiig to Toide ; m viin. 

Yet aedt sot lur aoroir for solas of hym. 

Ke noght ^ad of fat gestc^ bat greatly anoyet, 

Paris grenit at fat grete & giid oat in yre ; 
3268 Sfdde bir fall soberly dttyng these wordes : — 

"Wbat lyffe is fie, lady, toUde on \aa wise? HathnchUa 

N^oght aesyng of sorow, ft sobbyng Tofture giitf. 

On dayea to Endnre, wUh dronping on nightfi: 
3292 Wbo Bothely might suffer fe soiow fat foa 

WiiJi care ft -with complaint oomynly ay : 
Lamentacoun & langoitr the long night ouer t 
Thna tonrment wttA tene, & tides non end, 
3396 Se hopis fcm not it baimys, & thy hew cbaunges ; 
And enpaiiea thy person, & proSkittee no moie! " 


In foithe the buide fell of falling of teiye. — 
" And foa drnnkyn hade dewly as mony da sopis, 

3300 Ab shotte* of sbiie water has shot iro )iin ene, 

Thoa &ithfally were fillid Tnto J)i faire swyre. I^^JJ^j"" "^ 
Therfora, lady, ft it like yon, lighten your chere ; 
Comford yon ^ndly, kacches snm rest ; 

3304 ffor in this riall Berne of my riche &der, 

Ke iknte shall ye %nde, ne your fire baemes. (M-"*-) 

The tnily fat are taken and temyn to you, ttitblui^^ 

Sbalbe pleeit witft plenty at Jwre playne wille, rour niu.) 

3308 And hane riches ftill lyfe : led ye non ofsr. 

And ye sothely, yonr aelfe, sonerain of all, J" ^^^Tf* 

Shalbe worehipped worthdy ft your wills haue, "i"*"- 
And bonouret of all men as your astate shuld ; 

3312 To be gouemet in your grettenes, most godely 
of other, 

) by Google 

TP- All daiates to you dight, ^t ue dere holdyn, 

Pkiatioose in yclie f lace, aa a prue qwSDe ; 
And all your ledye ddiiurt and lose out of 
3316 At your comaoiideinent clene all your choiee 
And lyue in ^ lond witA hiatea at ease, 
Alae eykei and Boie als ^ set were at home." 
pUsr- J}en onsvaied El&n easely agaync^ 

3320 And driet the dropis of hir di^h tetis : — 
"I "I wot, air, witterly, will I or noght, 

>rMr Your wills I moste wirke, waite I non ot^er; 

Syn weikenee of wemen may not wele stryre, 
3324 }Te haue no might tawarde* men maistries to 
And nomely in on nnkythe lond nedye hom so. 
And what daunger or dysese fiat done is tb here, 
Aatber me or to myne at this myschefe, 
3328 Hit may bappon yon in haste haae aoche another. 
Thurgh giftes of onx goddys, ^t ts grace leuy^ 
We most eufier all hor aenndes, iS: soberly take." 
Than Paiys wHA pleeaonce appeiit agayne : — 
3332 " Dere My full leell I your lykyng to do, 

And alt your wille forto wirke, yche wegh shall" 
Pea he hent hir by the bond haately thece, 
And a littyll agayne lost lifUs hir yp awithe ; 

r i» b7 Into a place well appareld all witA prise clothes, 

And moche onestly oidainit for esmint of hir : 
pat fo Bouerains by bom eelfe might say what 
faom liket, 
3340 Aitbar ynto other as onesty wolde. 

jKn Paiys to |iat pore partly can say : — 
J^' "Hope ye now, bynde Lady, ^at your hegb 

■"'If" goddjs 

Haue pat you to ^ prouyuse pyne for to thole ; 



3344 And lei yoa be led vnto this lond hjdur, 

Pat BUche a chaimge ahold you chefa to a dioisa 

And don £ro deUtes depely to angur, 
Ifoght abundonet in blia ne blithe in jour hertt 

3348 Trowe ye not Troy is tore of all godis, * 

As plaintiotiBe in yche place t 


At is doublit of delitiB & druria at sill L^S'i" '™' 

JSe trawes not, tro lady, ^at I take wolde 

3362 Thy ladyship to loaae, na in lust bolde. 

Tboa ehalt baoe ricbea moie Eife, & Rankei of 

J)an any lady in Jii land, leoe me for sotbe ; 
And moie likandly lyf & fi lost hane, 

3356 Bothe in veile & in vorsbip, aa a wee noble. 

And me, Jtat am mete & of more power wJ^Cihlo 

JJen hym ^at ]wu bade and held for ^i lorde, himjoBiui, 
Wyuly to weld ; & I the wed shall, 

3360 To lede with }ii lyf as a leala spouse. 

TbiB I purpos me plainly in pleasanns of goddes, 
Vndei Sacnunen solempne^ your souerain to be ; 
And so lede ]w wit& likyng to my lyues end. 

3364 Sappoe not ^i selnyn, ne for sothe holde, 

J>of foa left haae a litle lond lightly at home, 

J>at iwn ne hertely shall haue hwe a weD la^er, ^^^^ 

And Jii cbaunge to chefe cboisly the bettur ; Mnjaom 

3368 Syn Asia is anenond of yies ynow, 

jMt are attendant to Troy witA tiesour ynogh, 

J)at obey Je shall bunly, & bow to )ti willa i^bowiotfcy 

ITe for )m mysse of ^i maister make Jjon no soiow, 

3372 That neueryet ofnobley An enei^ng tome, SSuTJ^^m 
Ne of dedis bo donghti Jw dayes in his lyue, JJi^ "iT^ 
Ne BO lufBy to a lady wi'Ui lokyng at egh. ^m^^ 

And I in longing am Laght A Lappit full aore (ti-itt.} 

3376 With hete of Jti hegh loue, fat my hert waimys; 



bm> th. _ And of hym, fat }<m hopifl motit hortely ^ Ioujb, 

Wetd foa full wele most wonbipfiiU to haun. 
Sea now of sorowe, sobui yi cbere, 
DiTTTOt*^ 3380 Wond «f fi wepii^, whipe 7p f i tera ; 
tra^" If one fe to myrthe, & monmyng foivaake, 

Cast fe to comfcod, iever fi wille : 
This I pray fe full prestly with all my pure 
3381 J)at fou bede me viih beryng, it my heet kepe." 

Than aiuwaied jut honerable oneatly agayne : — 
•wboasuu " Wlio might Btithly absteyne, oi stable of teris, 

tain, tt. ))at prsBtly were pn'cket with paynea so fele, 

3388 Ajtd witA sorow onerset sothely as 1 1 
Bii iiDa u niut But Byn hit now bes noD other nomly of me, 

" I ahall appres mo wtti pyne your prayer to here ; 

Syn me botis not barly your biddyng witA 
3392 Ne of power to put of, ne of playn streught" 
Pea ho sesit of sykyng, sobirt hir chere, 
At the prefer of Faiys and his pn'se wordya, ' 
When Jiat semely waa sesit & eorow foi^yetyn, 
Fiirii )>B>T«( bar. 3396 The lordo toko leue wilA full lowo speche, 
And went fro fat worthy his weghis vntilL 
Atntrewiw When yt seyit to Sopertyma he seruyt hir well 

WttA all daintes on deee ft diynkea ynov, 
3400 And cberisahed hir full choisly with cheie of 
hym seluyn. 
Naddv. When the derke was done, ft the day comyn, 

■nv*<i Paiys full pristly with preciouse araye, 

Worehippit fat worthy in wedye fall riche, 
3404 Afl qwemot for a qwene ft qwaiutly a^nt, 
)Mt Priam hade purueit & to f e place sent 
He broght furth fat bright with buemys full 

) by Google 

TBOT. Ill 

To A palfra; of prise fall prodl; srajet ; gw^^n. 

3408 Set hir in a sadiU aerklyt w»tA golde, SS?*"" 

i&et oiur witii fjne perls frsBshuit of liew, 

yfiiA a brideU fuU bright botha of a. aewte. 

Other tnlkM, ^ weietakyti, atraet wen alee (M.Ma.i 

3412 Hastelf on hoisee, u hor aetate aakit, 

A oompany clene of knightea bom vith ; 

And Paris full priete on a proude steda, 

DeffaboB dif^t on a dere horae, 
3416 Antenor, Eneaa, all other grate, 

Polidamas )« pert, & pajones ynow, 

All arayet in a Kowte rfdeii to pe qwene ; 

Worshippit Jiat worthy A wanton all samyn. 
3420 Tumet &o tenydoa, taiyt no langur. 

Soberly a soft pas samyn ^ rode, 

Enyn takand to Troy tomly o fen way. 

And er Jiai comyn to oourte jaa onnqwny &ii^ 
3424 Priam full pmdly wttA mony pert knightef, fii™ t^ u> 

To welcom to ^t worthy went on fen gate, tannuiitkaa* 

And fonget fall feira all bir fre buemeo. 

To fe lady, ^t lege kyng, witA a light wille, 
3428 Fast foil pertly all wttA pn'se wordya; 

Obeit ^t bright all wi'tA blithe chere ; 

WttA worship & wyn welcomyt }e grete ; 

And BOmyn to }ie Cit^ softly )iai rode. 
3432 At the buigbe wrae abyding witAonte the brode At »• m*m nt 
;ate font mam* 

Giet plenty of pepnll, — all the plaoe full, — BinMni^Hid 

So mony on molde was m^rnell to se j a»«». 

Wi'tA synging, A solas, and aitols amonge ; 
S436 With myrthee of mynstnilsy, musike wAA all ; 

Dannsyng of Damsele, Dynnyng of tnimpya, 

WitA A ledy Ml lusti & lykyng to here. 


Priam, the pn'se kyng, prestly down light, Prfik- ni^i^ 

:ectv Google 


"""■"J'- S440 And was first Tpon fote of all of hia freeshe 
"J^J^^^, He raght to the leyuea of pa riche qwene, 

dtj, ud oo III And led furth ^at lonely long ypon fote, 

SoAe into ^ Cit6 tym seluyn witA bonde 
(M. M u 3144 On a worahipfull wyse, -mih mony wegh noble^ 
Tnto the paLues of price, pen pepuU full fele ; 
And led hir vnlight into a laige halls, 
Vp into ylion ynth honour ynogh ; 
ibiBBdiutihir 3448 And toke hir fall tite into a triet chamber, 
BUBiL pere Beraanndss fiiU snbiecte assingnet hir to : 

And noblay yni^h, was notfayng to laite. 
In the Cit£ forsotbe was solempiiita made, 
moMoctiiiai* S162 Wt'tft myrthee, & melody, A mony gret feste, 
ffor ioy of pie ioniay and pia gentdll lady ; 
And )iat Faiys in point repaint was honu 
With hia felowea in fere, fiiyne was pe pepull, 
3456 And lynys in hor lykyng }« long night auer. 
OntiuHiniadw Xhe secund day snyng, sais me the lyne, 

BgiBiiiniiiwiM All the grete were gedret, as horn grose felle : 

Apsua. Paria wt'tA pn'de and hia pT-ise lady, 

3460 At Appolynes owne tempnll after were weddit. 
))ere made was |)at manage wttA myrthea ynow, 
Wiih solempnite & Bacrofice p6 Cite thurgha 
TUdUuua ^niJ double fest bat day derely was holdyn, 

Onjt. 3464 With all fie reuell & lioltd pat Keukw coutbe 

J)at enduret by-dens wi'tA daintee at wille, 
Af^t dayea oner aU after the dede. 
■ < When Cassandra hade knowyng how j« caw 

3468 Pat the manage was made po mighty betwene^ 
She brast out in a bine, bale to be-bolde. 
WitA a mighty noise, noye for to here, 
Playnond witft pytie, no pleasurance at all. 

) by Google 


3472 Wttft Bykyng & Borow said on this -wise : — 

" A I fonnet follce, why faro ya thus now, 

With solas full sore, and sangea of myithe, 

At the veddyng of the weghes, yat ahaH. to -wo 
3476 Wtth haidlayke & harme, )nt happyn shall 

Te dowtles man degh for ded« of J» two ; 

And your iryndea full fey tsilyn to ground, 

Your Bonya be elayne in sight of your ene ; 
3480 Youi husbandff hewen wttA hondys in peeis, 

Wyues made wedowys, & wayling for euer. 

A I Troy, fat is tore -wiOi touiee full h^h, (m. k o.) 

Mycbe baiet shall fon bide, & hetyn to ground, Tw^ "* "• 
3484 And be stithly dostroyet, & ^i strenght lost 1 

A ! Modris so mylde, what myschefe is to yon 1 

Moche care is to come to your cold hertya ; 

Moche baret on your hirthe yon beee for to se , — 
3488 Dyssmnabrit as marten, & mnrtherat to dethe. 

And the boweb out braids of hire bare aydes. 

A I Ecuba, Jiot enermora eaaely base leuyt, H*e«s» mi h«r 

What grelyng & giemy growee Tuto J« ) 
8493 To se ^i sones be slayne in sight of )iin ene. 

And the blode of ^o blithe blent witA the erQie t 

A ! balefoll bnomes, & l\ill biynd pepull, umiwvi^ 

The hard detha is you dight, Jtat ye donte litis I 
3496 Why wrought ye so wantonlyin yowr wildeyre^ 

fibrto nayaahe Tniightwieely ^ riche out of 

f&o a man ])at nensr mys did to Jiis mens load. 

Why haate ye not hetnrly to haue hii agayne, 
3500 And restore bir stithly to hir stiengbt hom. 

To hii loide ^at is lell & no lede hannys t 

Venions and vile detbe to Toide fro ^ Bewme, 

£r ye wUh swerdis in awym be swongon to 
gronnd. '■^- 

) by Google 


350i Hope ye Parya, playn Jwfte vnpouysshet wQbe, 
WttAouten Borow & Bou^rem sewjng JierafteT ; 
And yoa angur for ener es[d]Ie8 to Torclie ) 
A 1 Elan, TalLappf, hardiat of cbaonse J 

3508 Soclie Borow & sikyng ))i seluya ts brisges ; 
Myscbaunse & eajll chefe ))i childur shalbe I 
A J Soiy Sytizina, seadis yoa fio 
Tlie smoke & smorthei, ]iat Biuytea to dethe, 

3512 Qwyle ye lawfully lefe may & yoar lyf haue ; 
Jjoclie dole ho dregh witft mony depo terya ! " 
WttA pyte & complaint, \ai pyne was to here, 
)]at Priam out of pos piit ay anone, 

3516 And neuer seait of eaghis & aoronfull wordya. 
The kyng Jien comaund to cacche hit belyne. 
And fetor hii ia&t in a f re pnsoone^ — 
A atithe houae of atone, — to still hir of noiae. 

3520 Hit aaid waa for aothe, ho sate Jiere full longo. 
And Buffert moche sorow for hir sothe talea. 
J}us kept the kyng vnkyudly hie doughty ; — 
ffor hir talea of truthe t^hit hei is yemes. 

632i But, hade Jtai herkont ))at hyode, & in hert 
!' keppit, 

Troy hade bene truly out of tone yet j 
And (lera fortune full felle iaiie ouer-paate, 
])at all the world hade wamyng of ^en vo 
sythen ; 

3528 And eaar mynde wulbe made of faire mjshap, 
Enduryng till domyaday for doole jiat J)ere was. 
Now, what felle of hot foly faire will I tell ; 
And ye hastely ehall here, and ye houe stille. 

) by Google 

^gflt Bofu. ®£ t^t Counsell of tfie fficeKgS 
fior Xlecouergns of (l^sne. 

3532 Sone after Jiis saute, aothdy to telle, 

l>at the Troiens ia the Temple tokya fie qwene. 
And the richea hade Sobbed wt'tj^ rehkes ynow, 
£r ^ai tenydon hade takoa & tumft into liauyn, 

3536 The qieche of hom spiange & apred into Grise, 

And giet noise of fere noie naitly ouer alL >■ 

Tnto Mmtelajr, the mens tjme, mowthly was tc 
told '■ 

Of the Tape miightwia of his Kiche qTene, 

SB40 And he etythely aatonyt stroke into sorowe. 

Jit present at pil£ with the pioude Duke, (' 

The pit^ of his pepull pricket hym so sore; 
The murther of hie men & hia mylde qwene, 

3344 The robbyng of bis Riches & his riall temple, 
Of his sabiectee sesit, in e«niage to dwelle 
fibr tene & for torfer, of his triet lady, 
Jjat he luffit so lelly no lesse ^n hym seluyn ; 

3548 Thee harmea so heterly hepit in his mjrade 
"WitA Borov so sodunly, ])at his sight failet ; 
ffainted for febnll, and felle to ^ groond 
In a swyme & a swogb, as he swdt wold. t 

3552 Whrai he past of his payne & his pale hete. 
And resort to hym selfe & his sight gate^ 
He pl)unt«d full pitiously, was pyn for to here. 

, Google 


BockYUL Of the harmea A tlie Lethyng liym Lappont to 

™«Krf«'*" thole. 

3556 And for his worehipfull wife, that hym woTBt 
pB,t faien was oner the fome, & hir fame loate ; 
And other freike« shuld fotige in a fer loude 
Wit/t ]iat semly to solas, hit sate in his hert. 
3660 And of delite« full dere, ^t dight were at 
Lest hii la«kit euche lustis in a londe straunge, 
JjQche mones he made & moamyug ynoghe, 
WitA wailyng & wepii^ wo for to here ; 
3564 Jwt it neght to non end fe noie fat he tholet. 
JS^rtST " Vnto Nestor anon Jiis naytly was tolde, 

Of pe momyng & myscheffe to Menelay was 

Vnto fot worthy he went wisly anon, 
3568 'With Borow for Jiat ayre 4 aylyng of tens. 
He comford |)at kyng villi his clene speche, 
To sober hym somwhat & sese of his chsie, 
peai hyet he yfith haste home to his lewme. 
J^^JjfJ* 3572 And Nestor anon, wi'tA a nowmher grete 
^iWit*** Of knighte* & cant men, cairyt him wit/i 

J™'^*^^ Lynely to his londe, &. leuyt hym noght ; 

iKAvBuamBB, And by aaaent of hym sone sent for hb brother, 

3576 AgamyuoQ fie graithe, in a gret haste, 

By a messf^e on molde Jut he mekyll triate ; 
In his cause for to cum wUJi counsell of wit, 
Aa he ^t was helply and highest of other. 
autiir,>Bi 3580 To Pollux the proude & hia pere Castor, 

Jjat all highit in haste, houyt no lengur j 
But comyn to pe kyng, pat the care tholit, 
To helpe hym in haste & here of his noye. 


3584 When agamynon the grete the greuaunce beheld^ 

) by Google 


And the bale of his brother, fns the buemo bm^t'ii. 

Balds: — 
" Why dK^hifl Jwu fis dole, & deris ^leeloyiiT "wiiriiiaK«uin 
Lefe of fiis Laogore, as my lefe brother, an. k ».) 

3588 pai. pattes ^ to payne and peires ^i Bight. oawthi* 

If Jiu has caoae for to care for vnkynde weike*, 
And witA sy^ng onerset, A Borow at Jti hert, "t in* concta 
Hit were wit, as I wene, to were it fiio noise, 

3693 And &o knowyng of comyna & of course 
ffor a Borow ^t is seue on a sib frynde, ou K>rm« 

Mas ^e moumyng more of men pat hym lofEe* : nd. ud foa 
MikuU comfordes his care all his kene fos, *^ 

3696 And engendree Jiaire ioy all his iaste eorow. 
ffayne euer feire cbere in ])i felle anger. 
Whan Borow is most sad, set all at litle; 
Lete of it lightly, ))at no lede veto, 

3600 pi Borow & ]ii Bikyng set all at noght. 

And in maters ))at menya )>e ytith might for to 

There is no vorship in weping, ne in wan teree ; 
But desyre ]ii redreese aU wz'tA derfe strokis : 

3604 Wi't/i fi sweide Lb to swinke & not witA swym b; jaat mtd, 
thogbtea. ^^I^i^ 

ffor in Borow may be Bene who is Bad wise ; ^^ 

{full propurly to prene in bin pale angre, 
When hym comya by course contrary thingea ; — 

3608 He I»t opreseit not wttA payne his prinsepall 
Iffl oaersett«s not his saule wiVt sorow fullhoge. 
)}eifore wackon Jii wille into wight dedis, *JSI!^ "*" 

And )>ere as sikyng & sorow slees the wt'tUn, 

3612 jMt ^hanne^t ^ has, and bethyng witA all, 
Pas noght vnponisshed for pit£ ne other, 
But p6 dedes ))at tb dcirus be foil dere boght 
PerfoK sobbyng & sorow ses nt ^is tymc, 



gMfcTi't- 3616 And wreke J» on weghia fat }» wrathed base. 
Oar kbnitaii. -Yovi know bat our kvncdomes are of dene 

■n (Iniiii J and ' ' ^ 

« tuv» mwgr atren^t, 

And we haue felowea full fele Jiot ts fiutli owc^ 
To wreike va of wratlie & our wronge riccho. 
Aiionnwiu 3620 All Orec«, for Jiis grefe, witfi Jere greto OBtis, 
Wilbe red; to ijso wi'tA a raoke pepull ; — 
£u«r7 kyng for to aim with knightes enumyt, 
(fbi. 9T i.i ffull stoutly with Btrenght lo stir on our foa. 

wtihiidwtw* S624 WttA a nauy full nobill, naite for f e werre, 
Tuff i- We ahall tyre vs to Troy tomly to gedor ; 

And if hit tyde tb out tentis tild on yen londe, 
Hit shalbe heri & haide, & happi vnlike, 
3628 J»t any frigies vs feie, or to flete diyue ; 

But it happon horn harder in a bond while, 
And the dernjBt be dede vriiA dynte of our 
Kui um ptopii, Jjoira pepull & hor power to pyne aa tb liate, 

MUHgnnnd. 3633 Tloy and )re tresoure tako at OUT willo, 

Eeto downe the hildyngfu to pe bare ertbe. 
Aad pirii ihin And paris, ^t ia prinaipall of our pure hate, 

ftks. Iff hit happe ts to hent^ hongit shalbe 

3636 As a felon &laest foundyn wt'tA thefte. 

Hit is Bothely to sese of Borow in mynde. 
And to all the kyngea by course, fat knowen are 
in Greco, 
TotUiodMa Dukes by dene, & other detfe Erlea, 

■iiibaUiwatii 3640 Let vs send to bom salus solemli by leX/v, 
'"'™' Fiaiand hom prestly wttA all our pure herti^ 

To helpe vs in hast our harmys to venge. 
And dyshouour and daunger done to our 

3641 Vf t^n AgamynoQ the gnuthe hade geuen fm 
to red, 
Menola mightily made for to write 

, Google 


To all the giete of Glrece, tro AgamysoD db hym, 
Tnder sailes of those son^rams, eamyn to wend 

36i8 By CBiTouria to yche cost, ^gee to wame : "»'"■ 
And all agreit to ^ gate wtt& a gode ville. 
Tho fiiat of }io &eiie«, fwt to the fight come, 
Was Achilles, a choiae kyng & cheHallns in AiIiUIh. 

3652 And Pattocnlos the pioade, a pme tnou of werre ; p*irodu>. 
Wtth Iliomed,adonghti tnon & demist of houd, — uomxia. 
A stronge man in stooie & stuemist in fight 
Sone the cause was declaiet witA a clene wit, 

3656 Of the dede, ilke-a-dale, to po derfe kyngas ; Ji^J^,' 
And opunly, by one assent I'd oidant hom all. 
With grym oat for to go & a grete nany, "^" ' 

Elan fiieraly to fecche, and hor fos qwell, 

3660 And venge on fera Tslany & ffere vile harms. 
And for exploit of fers Bpede, fax spekyn in fere 
To cheae hom a cheftayn to be chefe of fiem all. 
To be pn'nse ia ]xit pri'so and Jre prese hauc ; 

3661 All the ost for to honour & his best kepe. 
And be gouemett by thiV grete by grement 

of hom. 
J)eu by assent of |>ose soui^rans somyn, fai yode 
And walit hom a wcgh by wit, as hom th<^ht. 

3666 To Agamynon )>ai giffen fe goon-naunce hole, Acnognmo 
fFor worthiest of wit Jtat worship to haue ; tka npadiv 

And ordant hym Emperoui by opyn assen^ 
"With power full playn fe pepoll to lede, 

3672 And obey to ^at bolde his biddyng to wirke. 


Pollux the pert kyng and his pcre Castor, 
When bor sister was sesit, saies me the stoiy. 
In hope for to hent hir, highit to ])e ee cutor ud 

3676 WilA a nauy full noble anon by hom selnyn ; — Tnlm. 
The Troiens io take was fem intent euyn. 

, Google 

120 A SlOIUt AT SEA. 

BoctTiir. And hor sister to eeso, with aaHyng )>ai wend. 

Sunt telljn ])ie tale, & for true holdyn, 
3680 )Mt Jiu bode not the biddyi^ of ]ie bneme 
Menelay ; 
But when tithycg was told of hoi trt'et sister, 
Jjai fore to )ie fome, as I before eaide. 
But how it tide of fat tale this is tni sothe, — 
3661 To fe water pal went, po weghis to gednr, 
Paris to puiaew witA prise men of Aimea. 
Thai aailit not soiinde, sothely to telle, 
Two dajes by d^ie, as horn deie felle^ 
A Mann bono 368S When the heuyn in hast hepit witA cloudis, 
otuiiMm. Wex merke as fa mydnight ; mengit fe ayre ; 

flbLUiLi lifo light but of Liute, ^t lannchet aboue ; 

Thunret full thioly ; thrappit the windee ; 
(ia.bMt"mCH.-i 3692 Soderily J>o saU[ei]e3 were sorely beatod. 
WitA a ropand rayne rugh was the se. 
The wyndes full wodely waokont anon, 
But vp the rnghe se on lokkes abonto ; 
3696 As hilles hit hepit in a bond while. 

So ]>e bie and the brethe buibelit to gednr, 
JSat hit spirit vp spitioufily fyue speire lenght 
Wt'tA waiter and wawea, fiat fe wynd diyuea 
3700 All foie aa a fyre fie firmament ouer. 
Witft an ugli noise noye foi to here, 
MiiuidnpM Hit snndrit ferv sailes & fiere ead lopis ; 

Cut of fere cables were caget to gedur. 
(■ t,hi*."-rti^ 3704 All fere takyll was tynt, tylude ouer horde ; 
The nany wex naikit ; noy was on honde. 
. The shippis wttA shiie wynd shodert in twyn, 
Diyueu fiirth on the depe dole to he-holde. 
3708 The two brother were abidyng bothe in a ahippe, 
pai was stird with the storme streght out of 
ii» ihiiH at Kut on a Bocke, rof all to poces. 

ndu; cmU . The hordes all to hiast, bmssbet in the wator ; 

) by Google 


3712 The Dukes were drounet, & ojwr dere folke. bmatih. 

All the sort bat hom suet Biinkyn to siDund umFoUuHd 
A brode in the breme se, boigee & other. pvtih. 

And Byn the dethe was in doul« of ^o dera 

3716 Ufa non certayn cold Bay, oe for aothe telle, 
What worth of )k) wight in the wilde Be ; 
The gentila aiuges hom two iuste goddis, OBMrt^d*"'"' 

Lyuond in the lofte witft lordshipe in heuyn, •^''»"- 

3720 Tran[a]late truly into triet ioy. 

And poites hane pat of ^o pn'se brothir, 
)}at ^ai £auichit were radly into ])e red ayie, 
And Bet in a se^e |»t zodias is callid ; 

3724 That demyt iB to JtiB day duly witA clerke*, "^ ** "■' 

Gemini Aiu^et in ^era iuste aitia. 
ffoi the sun vnder zodias Bettis hym to leng 
Two dayea betwene, & diynes no feire 

3728 Mo in his mouyng )iea any mone other. 

But, what is sothely be aaid of ^o sure biethur, 
ffor fe sute of fere sister aomyn were fai drouny t 
Let Foyetis go play hom, & passe to our tale, 

3733 J£era Darya in his dyting duly anisys 

ffor to telle in his tale )ie talke« of Grece ; 

Of fare ship for to shew and fere aheae colour, 

Of the worthiest fere were, to wale hom be nom. 
3736 \}\ia he breayt in his boke of fo breme kynge^ 

ffor he s^h hom in Bight at sembles full ofle, 

(Aa in tymee of tm, Jiaiie tentw wi'tA in) 

And waited hom wele ; for fe wegh thoght 
3710 To myn hom in makyng in maner aa |>ai were. 


Agamynon fe gay was of a gode mykull ; ^^ZZ, 

Hia colour of fat Icyng all of clene qwite. ""*•■ "^ "^ 

He was store man of strengbt, stouteet in amies, 

, Google 


3744 WitA lymea full large; light of his ffUl, - 
Meke as a maideo, meiy with all ; 
Wode in hia wrathe, wild aa a lion, 
He wae witty Jwr witA, & wegh hardy, 
3748 And of faciund full faire, fife of his apecbe, 
Menelay the mighty was of meaae ehap, 
Noght BO la^ of his lymee aa his lefa hrotber; 
In mesure was made of a medull site, 
375'2 Betwene the large & the litill ; likyng of colour 
Aimtnis in ann}^, eger of wer, 
A bolde Loan in batell, & of bieme wille. 
t^^!^^, ' Achilles the choise was of chere faire, 

l^wlTli^ 3756 Likyi^! & laffiy, a laige man witA alL 
^ ud prcd«*- Ctispe herit was the kyng, colooret aa gold. 

ibi. wa.) Stokyn ene out stepe wt't/t a atranght loke ; 

Hia loke was fall looely, when ledya wore opyn. 
3760 VfitA a hieat pat was biode, byg of his shuldeis ; 
Giete armys in the gnpe, growen fuU rounde ; 
A lai^ man of lenght wttA limis full brode. 
f™fjj^ A stythe man in stouie, storest of wiUe, 

•lui hi rtimgih 8764 WasnogrekeonJiatgroundeofBogreatstienght, 
Ay bowse vnto bat«Il, boldist In aimys, 
Godely of giftes, giettist in expense, 
Ay fune on his fos, and to fight £ady. 
tSJI^S^"** 3^^8 Tontelus the tore kyi^ was ft tulke hoge, 
JUU" T" Borly of brede, & of big atrenght ; 

and had luga "Welo colouTet by Course, clone of hia face, 

•qniui^ Kede roicond in white, as )>e Hoose besahe ; 

3772 WitA grete Ene & gray, gleyit a litiU ; 
Meke of his maners, & inanly in werre. 
*J" <K''". ■ Aiax oelius was outrage ante, 

vnj lull, kri*- ^^ ° ' 

iiBbgd mu : I3rode of his brest, byg in his armys : 

dno to If lug. ' ■'* ■' ' 

3776 A large man of lyma, lengoat of stature. 
Costius clothyi^f ay ^ kyng weiret ; 
Noght lowraud wi'tA laitho chere leee foe to 

) by Google 


Tolamoa truly was a tulke full laire, 

3780 Bkke horit, abous breehis aad otlier Tiiuuntii* 

bHulKBli tall 

Serklyt of liom eeluyn, semly ■wi\Ji all. ^imA hnir id 

A Sotell man of soug wi'tA moil; sere uotya, tmw -, ■ f»>t 
And mellit hym yrith moaike & myithee also. 

3784 He was doughty of dedja, derfs of his hond ; 
Pompe and proude wordie ay ^ pn'nae hated. 
UlexeB the lefe kyi^ was louelieat of other, dijimi^ iba 

He was the fiuieat by ferre of all the felle grekes, uwt, m* i>i>h 

3788 And falsest in his fare, and fdl of diaseit ^.^ «'«i 

Yndettaker of treyne, of talkyng but litill, ' 

Ifetur myrth in his mouthe meuyt wttft tong : 
Sad of his semblanndes, sober of ohere. 

3792 And of &coimd faiiest with a. tn specbe, 

HehadenDmakeof)K)meninmeujngof wotdye. 
Dyamede po donght^ was a dere kyng, i 

Stronge of his etatare, stitlie in his annys, , 

3796 Brode in his brest, byg in his sholdera, ^ 

Wt'tft a loke Jtat was laithe like out of wit c 

Sab of his forward, felle of bis bond, \ 

A derffe man in dede, dyesirus of bateU. 

3800 Tnsober wi'tA aematoides, sorofoll in bert, 
Dredfiill in dole for diesait pat he vaib 
Lo^y to lecbeiy, mlell of bis troathe^ 
And mony harmes hepit for het« of his looa 

3804 Off Bnke Nestor to deme, doughty in werre, i 
He was long A large, wt'tA lemys full grete. t 

A ffreike )iat was fre, and a fiiire speiker, t 

Wise in bia woidys, witt^ of connsaille ; * 

3808 Tni of his trowthe, trUty to loue, 
Meke of his manan malise to pese ; 
And if be walte into wrathe, wode as a lyon. 
Bat be lengit not loi^ in bia lothe hate ; 

3812 flaithfoU of frendship to &ekys >at be louyt, 
The bertist to belpe of all the high kyngM. 
Protheseltis the pert kyng was of pure shap, I 


tTHi. Semely for sothe, & of Syse faire. 

^^ ^^^ Dooghty of dedJB, derfe of his honde^ 

None wighter in werre, ne of wills bettur. 
■mu ih* Ifeptolon nobill waa non of Jie lest ; 

A stote man of atatnre, stubill of chore. 
3S20 Hia here was hard hlake, on his hods stode. 

Giet«) £nB and gray, 'witA a grym loke. 

Boande eydes for aotho, sober of wille ; 

His shuldeis were shapon of a clena biede. 
3824 Bytell browet was the bueme, Jut aboae met; 

And stntid full stithly, ^t stynt hym to speka ; 

But ha -was lemyd of ^ lawe, & in his londa 


Sat to comyn in a case hade a clere vit. 
3S28 Palomydon the puie, he was prinee fairs ; 
IrfB^tol^^rf Kanlus son fe nobill kyng, & hia neit childe. 

imiiL boli^nd" ^^'^ made of a mene in the medyll shap, 

dutagi > nobii Large of a lenght, lyuely & small, 

nnitmu ud 3632 Ifoght boToly no brode, but as hym best eemyt. 

A stythe man of his stature, stiiond of ville, 

Menyt hym to mouy tiiinge^ & of mynde gods ; 

Kobill tolkw vitA taleSf tretable alse, 
3836 Curtas &, kynde, cnrious of honde. 
Fodiifrioi, hun Folidariua was pluccid-as a porke fat, 

!^*^iii^T»S ^fi*^ 8"** "> **'^ grippe, all of greae hoge. 

^^^.'^\_ So bolnet was his body, fat burthen hade ynoghe 

hymiiiinu." 5840 The fetfi of fat freke to fofke hym abouto, 

Ot atond vppo str^ht for his strong charge. 

Aparty was ho pioude, presit after Be?^ys, 

He wold not gladly be glad, ne glide into myrthe; 
3844 But euermore ym^^and & ontrond in thoghW. 
^,^,„^_ btottw Machaon the mody kyng waa of a mene atature, 

rf^SSiT' ^o^^ to long ne to litis, lusty to se, 

pnnd Hxi v- Proude &, preenmptii», prouyt of wiUe, 

3848 BaUit was the buerne wttA a brode face j 

Neuer slept ))at slegh for sloutho vppon day. 



Dares in hU dytyiijj dulj fua teUns, »»*''"'■ 

)}at for the helpe of these hende, & hertely of 


3853 Of Perse come the ptoude kjog wifi pepuU full Tutkuigaf p«>u 

taanj, id tauiin ud 

Aitd a company of knightes comly to ae, ' kn^u!^ " 

)nt tollis his Atyre & his triet Btran^t. 

He was large, & long, & of lene shap, 

3856 WttA a face somwhat fat, felliat of colour. 

The here of |)at hathell was huet as ^ fiit^ 

Bothe o berde & abone all of bright leda 

Of the tnlka* of Troy telle we now ferre, or ib* Tnij«a 

3860 Bothe of mesnre & mykyll whille I mynde hane, 
As breayt is in boke and aboue set, 

ffull duly by Dares endited of olde. (^ «• W 

Priam fe prwe kyng was of pure shap, ^'^™^' !|^ 

3861 A large maa & a longe, liuely & amall. x*!" t^^^ "t 
A faire man in feturs & hade of fuise steiiyn. 
Wight in his werkea &, of wit redy ; 
Delited to the deiur on dayes be tyme. 

3868 Noght ferfdl, ne futse, faoeret full wele, 

lionet he no lede )iat lustide in wrange ; 

He nilet hym by Beason & the right spake. 

Songis of BoUmnite and Bonges of myrthe 
3872 He wold horkon full hertely in his high wit 

Was ■aeaer kyng vnder cloude his kuightoi more 

Xe gretter of giftes to his goode men, 

Ne lellier louyt ledys of his aune, 
3876 fie wit& Riches so Rife rawaidet his pepulL 

Of all his Bonee for sothe, ))at semely were 

Kon was so noble, ne of nait strenylit, 

Aa Ector, )ie eldiert, & aire to hym selayn. 
3880 He was truly in hie tyme trletiest of other 



pat leoit in any londe, & a litle he stotid. 
This prinae wit/i his pure strenght pkinlj auer^ 

All Auutres in Aimys, |)at he euer laght : 
Xon so stuente |iat wtVistode a stroke of liU 

He "was mawy & mekull, inade for ^ iiooeat, 

Neaer Troy do tynie soche a tulke bred, 

So graithe, ne so good, ne of so gret myght. 

Buly & rightwise, a roghe man of hon. 

He epake neam- dupituosly, ne spiset no man ; 

Ne warpit neu«r worde of wrang witA hia 

!fe sa^ flat was vnsemond, slipped hym iro, 
Bat ay mekeasamaydon, & nylde of his npechc. 
Neuer hatfull to hym to hygh Into l>ateU, 
Neiw)" weiy of fat werke, ne of wegh ffetde, 
He swat neaer for pat swynke, ne in ewayme 

Was neurtr rod in no Somanse of Benke vpon 

So well louyt wttA all ledys, |iat in hia lond 

Farys was pare fatre, and a pert knighte ; 
Here huet on his hede as haspis of silke, 
And in sighkyng it shone as the shyie golde. 
He was bowman fe best, holds wi'tft a speire, 
A wilde man to wale, wode on his fos ; 
ffull Biker at aeaye, & a sad knight. 
Of hunters he was hede, & hauntyd it ofte. 
Deffebua was doughty & derfe of his bond, 
Ths Jjiid son of )>e sute, & his sore brother 
Elenus, the eldiet euyn after hym. 
J)o freihes were founnet of feturs [ajlike, 
Bothe of hyde & of hew to hede of a mykelt ; 
ffor, to loke on jw ledys with a light egh. 

:ectv Google 

The ton &o )« tuther was tore for to kea 
3912 In Bight at ^ aodan, somyn <& ^ai were. 

The fonnne of fo frmkes was, faithfiUly to se, 

Bight suche as the eyre, ^t I eaid fiist ; 

Vadiffeient to deme teo per^ dere fader, 
3916 8aae Friani the pnse was past into eld, 

And yai of yeris full yong, jeaerua of wllle. 

Hie ton was a triet knight, tristy in armys, 

A v^ht man for to wale, & wise of his dedis ; 
3920 The tother, eotele of syenae to seke in a lond, 

And a corios clerke wttA a clone wit. 

Tioilus p» tru was full tore mekoll, 

SnU masBely made, & of mayn strenght ; 
3924 And yet hoger of hert & of her wille, 

HedemenytwellhiamanerB.&bemeeuiewtoght ] 

Amirans vnto Maidens, & mony hym lonyt, (lu.ait.) 

And delited hym in dole W!'tA damsels ofte ; 
S938 Bat he mesnret his maners, ^f he ^ myrth vsid, 

)Mt it impairyt not his person, na his purpos 

In strenght ne in stiyfe pen atxokea were delte, m latua h* m* 

He was Ector eftsones, or ellis soohe another. UHtor. 
S932 la all the kyngdome & cuntie, Juit to ^ eoion 

Was no yong man so jepe, ne jeneros of dedis, 

Ne so hardy of hond boldyn in his tym& 

Eneas was eoermore ^r of wille, 
3936 Biode in his brest, & of body litilL 

Wise in his werkes, & of wordys sober, numa, 

A Mrs speiker in a spede, speciall of wit, ' 

1 A clone man of coimsell, wi'tft a cloise hert, 

9B40 Of litterure & Ungoge lumyt ynoghe. 

A man full of mdenes & mery of hie cheie. 

ffiure Ene hade pe freike, & of fyn colour, »»* •"• 

Glomyt as pe glasse and gliet a little. laqaini, 

S941 Of all the tulkes of Troy, to telle >em 1^ name, Tnr. 



"*""• Was non so riche of EentW, ne of leuke godos, 

Of casteU full close, & many cleue tonnes, 
ortbimia Antenor also was abill man of wit, 

tnittatu; 3948 Long man & l&rga, lyaely & small. 

Uony wordys hade the wegh, wise of his dedis, 
In fble thiuges forvise, & a fet caster. 
Wele louyt of his lege, delited hym in myrthe, 
3953 Bontdfull among baemes, blithe of his wotilis, 
HethyngfoU to hathela, but it harmyt not. 
Polidomas jie pert jiat was his pn'se son, 
ffull jener and ^epe, and a yong knight, 
3966 ffure man of faffure, & of fyn strenght, 
Worahipfoll in wer, wise of his dedis ; 
•™ Ml, •gill, A large man of tenght, delyuar, & small, 

tall ikUHT; ' £uyn foormyt as his fader of feturs & other. 

3960 A full strong man in stoure, atumyet in Armys, 
(toi.««.) Wtothe witi a worde & away sone : 

His colour blent was in blake, wit/i a blithe chere. 
H^sii^ tjng of Merion the mighty kyng was masaely sbapen, 

iatiiin,wvmA- 39S4 A faire m an of fourme, & a fre knight. 
Vnight, wtita ertitp Grete aydea to gripe growon full sad, 

biukiTduba: Brodo shuldcrs aboue, big of hia annya, 

ftnwiu imrior. ■*- ^^d brest haJe )ia buerne, & hia back awara. 

3968 Urispe heiis & cleno, all in cours yelowe. 
All the borders b)ake of his bright ene. 
A felle man in fight, faeise on his enimys, 
And in batell fall b^ge, & myche bale wit^bt : 
3972 Giete worship he wan while the wer laste. 
Ecaba, the onest & onerable qwene, 
Was shewyng in shap of a shene brede, 
Miksaily made as a man lyke. 
3976 She hade a wonderfull wit a woman to bene, 
Alse sad in ))e syens aa semyt for a lady 
Wele norisshed JerwttA ; wiae of hir dedis, 
Meke of hir maners, myldost of chere; 
3980 Onest ouerall, as aght hir astate, 

:ectv Google 


An delited Mr deply in dedie of chariU. 

Andronuca, auenonde abill of person. 

Worthy Ector wyfe, waa a we &ire. 
3984 Long body hade the bnrdde, bright of hir colour. 

Ho was mesaniblj made, as ^e mylke white. 

Hir ene Samjag fnaabo, aa any fyne stonea, 

Rnd as f% Boose roikede in hir chekea. 
3988 Hii hppes were lonely litlid wttA reds. 

Gilde horee hade ^t gay, godely to Be. 

Most onest of other eugr in hii tyme, 

And all hir dedia full doly done by a mesare. 
3992 Gassaudia the clere was a Clene Maydon, 

Semely of a Sise, aa the silks white, 

Womonly wroght, waike of hii colour, 

Godely of gouemounce, and gleyit a litle. 
3996 Of wemen verkss wilnet ho none, 

Moat was bir mynde hir maidonhede to kepe. 

Mony caa for to cum ho be course wiste, 

By artys of astronomy, & ame of hir wit, — 
4000 By statyug on the stemys thurgh bir etithe lore. 

Folezens tbe pert was prise of all other, poijmimwuhj 

Of fetuTS & fborme the fairest on lyue ; 

ffull tendor of hir tyme, triet of bewe. 
4004 Of hir foimes fele may do &eike telle, 

He no w^b has wit ae wordya Jwrfore, 

ffoi to lahur so longe of hii lefe sbap ; 

But truly I teUe as ]» text sais, 
4008 Ho was of bewte aboue all bome in hir tymo, ^ 

To wale ^urgh tbe world of wemen bydene, 

Alae noble for fie nouest as natar cold deayse. 

To paint in ycbe place tbntgb his poie etady, 
4012 (pat eirit not in anytbyng of abilt^ ^, 

Sane he demyt bii dedly, when hii day come.) 

And ay clieiiste bir cbastit^ wi'tA a cboiae wills, 

To }iat abnndattnaeof bewte ho was best norieabed. 
4016 Witt4 to irale, wantid no tbewee j 


Voidet all vanities, & virtaa dlaajret 
paa Daiea in Ms dyting deuyses |ie Bhap 
Of ))ese freikw in fere, fat I before tolde ; 

4020 Of kyi^«« & knightet & oyer clene ladies ; 
Of Dokff by-dene, Jiat were deie holden j 
Of the gretist of Gnce, & of gret Troy, 
jMt he hade comjng -with in company, & knew 
well ye persona, 

1024 Ab the ^^orthie3t to wale & wildest in Anuya. 
Of these nomly to neuyn, & nobill men other, 
How ^ here hom in batell, I boske me to say ; 
And telle how hom tyde, whlll I tyrae hane. — 

4028 Stir fiiorth to our stoiy, & stynt here a while. 

) by Google 

aiitt ^t jBaug of tfjc ffireftts. 

uomyn waa by course Jtat the cold wyntitr 

Was waatid & went vith his wcte shourea. wintn «h h 

ffroates vera &ren, aad the fell cold ; 
4032 The alippond slete alidon of the ground ; 

fBodjB were falljn into furae vales, 

And into caues be coarse cleufit the erthe. 

Wyndia wagtid away, warmyt the ayre ; 
4056 The rede beames aboue bluashet wiU* hete ; 

Ver entrid full euyn, eger w/tA all. SJS,''"''" 

The sun in his serkyll set in ^e last, 

Passyng fro pisahes Tudor playn course ; 
4040 ffeaeiyere faryn wt't/i his fuerae windes 

At the metyng of Marche wi'tA hie mayn droghte. 

The grete Kauy of Grekes wi'tft a grym oste, ^^ '^?™* 

Entrid into Attena, euyn at hor wille ; onsk. tnum 

4044 And holly in hauyn }ere houyt p&i to^edur, auiui. 
ffor to rast in )>e Bode & hor rede take. 

Now wete yche wegh, )iat wiityng beholdi% 
Or ^at stares rpon stories, & stirs in bokys, 

4045 ))at eya the firmament was fourmed, ie fblke 

vpon erthe, 
Syche a Nauy was seuer of nowmber to^dur ; vmr iii ibo 
Ke Bochs a company dene of knlghte* & other ; ooUnM. 
THe so fele feghtyng men in a fDete eomyn. 

4052 Of the worthy fere were, thna fe write sais : — 

, Google 


Agamynon the grct, was gide of horn all, 
Leder of {to lordie, fro his lond broght 
A hundrith shippes full ahene vitJi sharp mea 
of tamya, 

4066 I^ht full of pepull & mony pn'se knight 

Meaelay the mighty, ^t waa his mete brother, 
Come fro his kingdom vrit/t clene shippes Sixti, 
WttA noblll men for fe nonest a nowmber full 

4060 And sped hym fro spart hia awne apilte Rewme. 
Out of boyse was fere brought wiV* bold men 

Archiaaliis was an, auntnia in werre. 
And Protheno, a pn'se kyug, prestly fat other. 

4064 In hor company coTae clone shippes fyfW, 
Wt't/i abill men of armys, auntrua in. fight 
pet suet of Siche semly men two, — 
Aacalaphus, a skathilduko & skant mon in wer, 

4068 And Helminus, a hede vrlo, hadyn to-gedur 
Thretty ehippes full ahene o fie ehire water, 
Wi'tft barons of the best & bold men wt'tAin. 
Ephistaphus, a pert kyng Ss pn'nse out of focce, 

4072 And Tedios )iat tothir, fat was his trew felowe: 
%fty shippGS in fere folowet bom two, 
WitA, a company of knighted cast for the wer. 
Telamon, the tore kyng, tide for to haue 

4076 ffyfty nhippes full faiie of his fiieise Bewme ; 

And of the Cite of Salame, fat suyt hym after. 

In his company come mony clene Duke«, 

And Erles also, wtt/i mony gret lordis. 

The Duke of Teucor, to telle truly, was fere j 

Amphimakua also, auntrus in war ; 

Donori, the derfe Eile, & doughty Theseus. 

Kestor, the nobill Duke, fat was an old man, 

4064 ffore out of Phylon -mtk fyfti grot shippee. 
Toax fro toyl6, fat waa a true kyng. 

by Google 


ffyfte shippea in fere to the fflete broght 

Aiax oeliua, aonteroiia in werre, witt»»uji 

4088 Thrett; ahippea full thriste throng into hanyn ; »*ipn»nd« 
And sex of a eort ^at eayt hym afler. 
Polibos, a proude kjag, & hia pere Amphimake, — pi^mm nd 
J»i come out of Calydon wt'tA a clene pepnll ; ctijiao, wim 

4092 Andfouresconrefyneahippestotliefletebro^t *""•* 

Oat of Trasy fere tiimet triet Vlexea the kyng, mjmtt from 
"With fyttj, in a forthe, all of fueise veaelL u lUia. 

Duke Melioa the mighty met in a hauyn, xamiba frnm 

40&6 And aoght fro his Cite sotbely of Pygre, lUph 

Wt'tfe Elenon od ahippes abill to werre. 
I'oterhas & Protesaelon, bo proude Dokes twoo, ?«*«"•• «»* 
pu fecchid out of Fhilace, ^at was fere fre londe, rtifitia, wiiii h 

4100 %ft£ shippea in fere, Ss fore vuto Attens. 
M'acbaos & Polidus, pria kynges bothe, 
Tnmyt out of Triaion, & triet ahippee bn 
Two & thietty fidl thiyuond, & f rong into prise, 

4104 Out of Phithes, |)e faire Cit^ folowet Achillea, ^^j,^ 

ffift^ ahippes full shene strode fro fa depe, wuiim Mjt, 

Kyng Thelephus tomly toke from his hauyn, ^S^^" 
Twelue ahippea well ahapon, & ahalkes wt'tAin, ^tipL 

4108 Of his Rewme nc^bt Biche, Kodan was cald. (biu>i«i 

Bnfirus the rrche nght fro hia Rewme, Eamiuftmn 

_ SliiTaa,»Uh 

)>at Sicham was said sothely to nome ; m iMpi. 

And fj&& ahippes foil ahene fojpwet hym after. 
4112 Two Dukes full derke droghen in fere, 

I shall neme you fen nomes now, er I pas :— 

Antius & Amphimake, auntirone in werre. ADUphu u< 

]}ay were loides of a londe )wre ledis in dwelt, ttan wm, wtih 
4116 That were bioustioua of beiryng,byg men witA all, (umk.) 

Enerdond by hor one^ & Myda hit hight 

jxd broght to the Brym XL bigge ahippes. 

Folibethea, a proud kyng, pert of his dedis, Vttrtatm, wuti 

4120 He bntght to the brym bargea eleivan, p»8Ui^n«. or 

Frothylua, a pert kyng, put on the water ma^ 

:ectv Google 


ffytU shippes tyn, fall of folke all, 
Uf Deymoa duly, his owne deie londe. 
•'t™^ 4124 Kyng Sapmon for sothe soglit fro fat hanyn, 
Opiiiu) VfitA alsmony abill sbippea aantrid hym seluyn, 

)Xit Capidoiee cald is, the contre so hat, 
BobuI,'^ n TheoriiM, a tryet kyng, toke fro his Eewme, 

•Up*. 4128 And hioght of his brode lond^ fat Boisa is 

Two & thretty thried ahlppes f rast full of pepnll. 
And when thies soneranns weio eomyn, sothely 
Tin mm of om Of kyngeg fidl kene, & of kyde Dnk©^ 

1b •11, ud 111* 4132 The Bowme for to Bet was eexty & neiie. 
■hipiiruitnj The nowmber of the noble shippes, fat to )ie 

note yode, 
* fibr to telle hom by tale, was truly a thowsaaiid 

Twa hundrothe & twenty, & twelue o fe last, 
4136 Without Palomydon fe pioude, fnt pj-eset hom 
Witft a nauy full noble ; — Jtawlns son the grnto. 
When thes graidly were gedret^ & ginl iulo 

JKu come |)ai to counsell, as T shall kythe after. 

) by Google 

Selpljon to lia&e mistnare of a goU of 
tliasre Soumag. 

4140 LengQ we a little wtt& lykyng, to telle (fcLvoj 

How thies byngs* witA boi knightw caipyn to 

When all were at Attens, aontsr b^ell, wmh a* 6mt 

AgamynOQ the gret gedrit in fere, jLcuwuua 

4144 Into a place Jiat was playne wttftont the mI^m, 
prise Cit^, """^ 

There Setis for |io soueranfi Sothdy waa maked, 
ffot kyngea ^t ^ere coma A; other kyde Duke^ 
Bothe Erles & almen after }en estate. 

4148 Wheal all set were in sercle ])e Bousrayn ahouta, 
And silence on jche syde the serkyll wi'tAin, 
Agamynon the graithe, ))at the gomes led, 
These wordes he warpid f o worthy vnto : — 

4152 " Ye pn'nces full preat, fat present are here 1 
J)at with poaer of pepoU presit are hider. 
And uoytit to ))is Jorney Juatly to-gedur, 
CousidiTS to thifl company A the clene atren^^t, 

4166 What bolde ye haoe broght into Jiia biods 
hauyn I 
What fighting folke yche freike has 1 
Who sothely hath aene soche a pepull ore ) 
Neoer wegh, as I wene, syn fe worid atode, 

4160 Se at a Semly socbe a sight hoole RmciuMtiw* 

:ectv Google 


""^^ Of kyngM in a company, & of kyde Dnkw, 

Wnc^i dHt Erlee and other men all of assent ; 

™* >»*■ "< 2f e of one purpas in a place pepnll eo fele j 

ndoMi 4164 Somony yong men & jepe, ^enerua of wille; 

So od men in armyg, & egiir to fight^ 
To faro in a furde onr foa to distroy. 
*|* *|j™ J>ai are blyndit with baiet & vitA bare sorow, 

wbabinnntd 4168 Jmt wEcfeons vp TeTTe, A wiathuB T8 in hert. 
Or etirie ra witA atrenglit vpon atnenie wiae. 
ffor in thifl aemly for sotlie, soche men I know 
A hnndrith, ^t wtiA bondes onr harmyB might 
[sd. N k) 4173 Peifounne oni pwrpos, and put it to end, 

Jmt we BO mony and bo mighty aie menyt to do. 
Tb* pwpoH a Te weton all full wele bo worthy ben here, 

knvntaau. Of daonger & deaeee is don to onrlondis ; 

4176 Of shame & of shenahip shapyn Tsalate; 
■ Onr fiyndya defelet, and fonget our godya. 
p^ hannea we hane, & hethyng witA all, 
Hit sittee vb fall sore to saffer on lyne. 
4180 Hit menya va wttA monhede fat malis to venge^ 
And Annter ys in aimya our Enmyes to greae ; 
WttA atrengbt for to atryve & strokes to dBle, 
iitaiouka The Troieoa to tone Jiat trespas haue done. 

Tniluii for thg 4164 All Bomyn by Aseent, witA a Bad wille 
mwi/ht " To venge of onr velany A onr vile greme. 

Bomar nut u fSist, to Refrayne the fame fat men epeikes, 

Xtw^mLtbt 4188 And wipe of onr wianges, Jk virdis va done ; 
■laa^ i g^ j^ Troiena fro fiia tyme take not on bonds 

To aapyo va witA spite in no epede efta 
J)at all )» w^hea of |)e world be wamit by bom, 
4193 And fat no tale may be told in tyme for to come, 
Ne witnee in wn'tyng by w^hes heiafter, 
))at any lord of out londe ahuld lacche soche a 

) by Google 


Tnwrokyn witA wondle t )>ot weghes may b«*^- 

4196 Ne we, fiat are bo vorthy & w^ht men ynogh, 
Shall not elely let slide, ne slip out of mynde, 
jMt onr Buccessoares may say sotbely, ne holde ttai p«t«iiT 
DysaehonoMr of onr dedys, & dom vs for feble. 1^,;;,^^ " 
4200 8yn we now bene of noble men in nowmber 

so fele. 
And of strengbt so Btem stondyog in one. 
Who Ib now 80 qweme or qwaint of his wit, Wbo h bold, or 
That couthe raesuie our might, or witA raonthe dMythtmightiK 

hU ndiutlUuio*! 

4204 The pouer of our pepull, & our playn strenght t 

Wlio so hardy durst bode, or on bond take 

To wrathe vb bo any way, or wirk vs dyssese 1 

Saue )iea fonnet foike, )ie frigisB of troy, Nona bat Uu 

4206 pat vnwyiiely has wroght wi'tA wyttia fiill febill. 

And offendit onr ftenchyp thurgh foli of hom 

Ne raynd not fws mew of fe mykyll harms, •'» i»" i»« 

That a sone of our folka before bom has done^ ipMiiMn of onr 
4212 When lomydon was lord &, pa lond eght, •ai(»a.'™ 

That was Ikler to the freike that oEfena mas j 

Eyld all bis Kuightes, cambrit his rewme^ 

Sesit bis eit', sloi^ it to ground, 
4316 And fele of his folke fon^t on lyue, 

Led into our londys, ^t lengis fer jet, 

In seruage and sorow set for to dwells. 

Jjerfore, sotly hyt semyB not Biirfetus haide 
4220 Ifo vnpossibill, thys pupull perfourme in dede, 

That fyuetymes fewer before home has done. ih«r knw u 

)>ai wetyn full wele fe wyllys of vs bsie, ewi^ to h^/idl 

That we purpos a poaer to put in hor lond, J!S»otIiito 
4224 To noy hom wi'tA note and negh hom belyne. ow™»«- 

Sun helps for to haue, bast hom fiay wytl. 

Of ledys of other load lyond hom gayne. 



Bill*!. To w»tft«tond TB witA etrenght & staoy of our 

4226 And ^aire cuntre to kepe with cutnpany grete. 
jMifoi, eotly me semys, & yow ao lyke, 
>nn^ Er ve pasae fio yia pott, ot poll Tp oar saylys, 

(OL ul.) That we make vs a message of men of aatate, 

inqsin of Apollo 4232 Duly to Delphon deuoutly to wende, 
To the yle fere Appolyn erdia with in, 

In Iiast foito herkyn of ^o hend goddea, 
What shall falle va by ffortune, or we feire pas, 
4236 Of ])is mater jiat tb meuye, & mo of oar dedye. 
JAb is clerely my counsell ; coDceyuis hit all." 
When the aouerayn hade said, he sedt anone. 
Of hor willes to wete, fo worthy by dene, 
4240 Bothe kynge«, & knightec, & other kyde Dukes, 
*]j™"' i" "» All aasentid horn sone, fat his saw herd. 

This message to make po mighty deuyset 
AchuiHud Achillea the chenalrous, by ])ere choise wittee, 

•ant (o iMpha. 4244 And Fatrocolua the proude, his pore for to be. 
fTor proffet of po prtnsee and hor priee folko, 
)}ai were demyt Tnto Delphon this dede to per- 

Of )>ere uoyus note, & an onswaro to haue, 

4248 With offeiyng at appolyn, if aunt«r might &]Ie, 
Worship to wyn and wreke on hor fos. 
Tiier wt u]i Wt'tA out tarying, full tite yal twrnyt into hauyn, 

Achillea full chere and his choise felaw, 

4252 And saylet furth soberly as hom selfe lyket ; 
Hade wedur at fere wille, & the water calme, 
Diyuon Tnto Delphyn & no deire f olet, 
Vmclosit with a courae of the colde ythos, 

4256 WttA a s^kle of the ae pat soght fere aboute, 
Nd ixipboi, but Ifot Delphon but Deloa sum demyt hit to bet, 

J)at is the myddis & )>e most of mony smalle ylea, 
8et in a sorcle fe same place vmbe, 

4260 As f ai are fourmet witA the flode : fyft^ & thre, 

:ectv Google 


To leokon by tow, )ie rodys is the moate. 

In pat yle, Bais ysidir, euyn on a hylle, a 

Ts Appolju hoDOuret and also Diana. 

<264 There vaa fonudyt a &iie temple of a ^ werke. 
With wallis rp wroght, vyn to beholde, 
JD&K Appullo, the pan god, was principally 

Deloa, who demys hi^ is duly to say n 

4268 Shortly to sholke^, — ' a ahewyng on opnn' ; 

And &o )iat soils, for sothe, the Bun fiist aprait, 
And the mone in the merke, to men of {« Innd ; 
J^rfore gentila aiu^et, & for inste held, t 

4272 )>at in pat bare yle bothe boms were f&i fiist. i, 
J}at lede in pere langage lynely can call 
The pure su/t in hit pride, appoUue donghter j 
And Ediana, also, pai amyt hit to nome. 

4276 The mone in his myldnes, pai menjt to hat 
Ortigia, oner all honouiet witii greke«. 
Of pis mater nomore but mene to our tale. — 
In this Temple was a tor ymage, all of triet gold, 

4260 In honour of Appolyn, pat I ere snide. 

J}of it defe weie & douraho, dede as a ston, 
The gentils hit aiiigget as a iiiste god, 
"With errour vnahle pat erat horn began, 

4264 And worshippit horn wofdly, for hom wit lacket 
Of pe Godhed giffen, pat grew from the sun, 
))at all niighty14 miule & market of noght. 
ffor lacke of beleue pai light into errour, ir 

4288 And fellen vnto fals goddes, & faithly honomt ■, 
With worship on all wise as weghis vppon lyue ; " 
pat no pouer hade plainly but of pale iyn<\et, ^ 
pai entrid into ymagis euer for dissayet, 

4292 Spekand to epecyals, pat Bpede for to asks, 

Tbuigh f^hede of fyndes pe folks to diesayue. 
And to ert hom in errour euermoro to lenge. 
X will tell bore a tale, er I turns ferre. 



B°°^»- 4296 Of Jie fjndyng of false goddes, &, tlie foule voe ; 
How Bprittia in hom spake to qwho fat apirra 

And how fowle ))at f ai fajlit at the ferre end. 
^te^^ot Throgh the glorious gyfte of goddar son of lieuyn, 

[W.J7M 4300 That come to our kynde throdi a cleane 
will \am mr- Maydon, 

OfB. hB "pu.-) All maiunentre in myddeleithe myrtlit to pi'MJ 

And wastid away fuigh wit of hjm one, 
!'»•*•"*•"- As the goepell of God, Jiat gabbia not, saya. 

4304 When Heraude in Angiv atlede to sle 

Ciyste fuT^h his curstnes, ae }« clause telliis. 
An angell anon n^hed to Jasep, 
("fa (Wo.") Sent firo ]« Bonerayn Jwt in Cel4 dwellon, 

4308 To take the childe for a channse & his choise 


And eiiyn info Egypt entre on his way. 

wiwuChrirt When Crista in bat contra come wttii his dnuie. 

The false goddes in feie fell to fe'groond ; 

4312 Bothe Mawhownu« & mauxaette* royrtild in 

Isai also oponly tellus. 

When Jflju I^pte Joynit witA in. 

All Symylacree for sothe soghten to ground. 

4316 ]3Bt WAS a tokyn, he tellua, fro tjme of his come, 
J}at sacrifice shiild sese vnto per goddie. 
))ua the Jewes aiugen, & for iust holdyn, 
a ]}at pmaiell, of all men erst hom, began 

4320 Maumettes to make of moldes & clay. 
And the gentils aiuggen Jnetly ano\er, 
Promethem, prinoipall of Jiat pure art, 
))at folke are fourmyt laithly to gentils. 

4324 fFor no law in hor lede list hom to holde, 

But. folowit >ere foule wille ae fyndis hom tagltt; 
Nawther cercumsiset EotJiely in sort wit/» the 


) by Google 

Ne comyn wttft cristenmeii, ne on Criete leuyn ; 
4328 fiat barlf , as ^ai borne were, bydou fei stiUe, 
And nauther law ne belefe leiiton bom to. 
The fiiTst J^at was fonnden of pea fals goddef, 
Waa wTOght on pia wise, as wc^hes nan tedL 


4332 On Dolus, a derfe Kyag )iat degbit in eld. 

Or Belns, as |m boke eays, (bothe were his namys) 
Hade a son |>at hym sewit, sesit in his lend. 
Nine was his name, & his next beire. t 

4336 He brought hym to berynea on his best wise, 
Ab be-come for a kyng, closit hym faire 
'With eolempne sepuloro, sothely wn^bt. 
And for bis fader shuld faitbly be fer in I 

4340 An ynu^ a noble anon gert he make, 
All gmnyn of gold, & of good etonys, 
Yne of mesoie & mykyll, of his myld £a<ler. 
fliill Bolemly set in the sight of the pepull, ■•—-•"' 

4344 WttA worship on all wise, )iat worthy comanndit 
To all the pepull of hia prouyns, as a pn'se god. 
That jmage to boooiw- he ordant hym selnyii, 
And gert the ledis to beleue, fat in his lond 

4348 pai the gome was a god groimdet in blisse. 

And BO the ffigm' of his fader was &lsly honoui'y t. 
By assent of hym selfe fat the soile aght ; 
And ^n the fynde, yriUt his fidshed & his fer Th«"flnii 
cast. taJT'Jid' 

4362 Entrid in fat ymage, A onswar«t the pepolL ™jj^ ' 
Who fat any thing asket after his diasyte, 
Jjere onswatet opnnly the anngell of helle : 
And so the ledis of the lond lyuely hym cald, huH, •«■ 

4356 Bam beall, enm belns, sum bell fe god, mow, Ma 

8nin belphogor, & belsabnb, as bom best likes. ^ la. 

:ectv Google 


B°*^ In eosample of ))at same aithTn other folke 

Haae feynit mony fala goddss, fat fe fynde 
4360 Did honour to dedemen, & for dere holdyn, 
nanmiru And be Fran the Baidon sothely a cod, 

olMApoUa, „ , ' o 

ud vu lo pat appoUo the pepull put mto nome, 

Jrio^ J3at is houoKi^t in the yle, fat I of toUe, 

4364 Delphon, or Deloa, dem aa yo list. 

Thm On ctiiir And J>an VeniM the worthy is worshippit witft 

ollad Friiu ud 811"'. 

'*'™''' ' J)at of pianettes of pr/se has hor pure noma 

Jjea mereury, a mighty god, ia moat in honour, 
4368 pat ))ai aaidon was stin sothely to Jobiter. 
(fu. ca b.) Then the mone vas most made for to please, 

Tu miwDUM. That Diana fall duly fai demyt to hat 

And fas in costes & cnntreis of fe cuisit gontils, 
4372 Jjai soaght witli sacrifice vnto sere godde». 
In i^pt was honourt Ysam as god. 
An in the cuntro of Crete cald vpon Jabiter, 
fHuopitaniia.) Thc moB of Mawsom moat hornet ymbane, 

(PHua.) 4376 And ]« latyn lede lontid to &awn. 

At Rome f^ Keiuirenat vppon riohe wise 
(QuiriinB.) One qwirion, a qwicte fynde, &. qwemlydid aerne ; 

At attens all folke aykewaidly worshippid 
4380 Minerva, a m&nment & most on hym lenyt ; 
(Pvtaoi.j At pauy, a pure god the pepull cald Venus ; 

[i^mnoi.) At Lemno fa! loutid to a laithe fynde, 

(Vnian.} On Volcaun fai worshippit on Jwre wise most 

AtNucfl, iZBi At Taxor fe vayit pepull voidly hononrit 

"*' Bachian, a hale fynde, aa a blist god. 

At MpiMB, And at Delphon, duly, for derreet of other, 

"■ Appollyn was honourit, as I here said. 

4388 In yche yle vppon erthe, eftar hor deaise. 

Thai made mowmett«« of mold in mynd of hor 

And honourit oner all thyng as fere belefe aakik 

DD.:ea by Google 

Thus )ni^li folahed of pe fendea fie folte waa Bh 


4392 Tudei daosger of ^ dole dioupet fall longe, 

Of whose falahede & fomme in hia fiist mo^ng 

Will I Bomwhat say, & sithen of his Enlle. 

(But |)e fader, {lat first fourmyt all thinge, — Os^whi 

4396 Both the ayre, A, Element, & A"g«llf in heayn. 
Water, & wynde, & welkyn aboue, — 
In the highest henyn, as holy writ s^ 
He ordant angels after hia deujse, 

4400 And set horn in sendee hym aeluyn to bonoHr. 
But on the oddist of other oidant om lord, 
Brightest of bMies in bllsse for to dwella 
Of whom the proffet of prise plainly can say, 
))en was no steme in astate stode hym ahone. 
No no pert tre in penulise apperith to hym, 
Nb bmione se biannche to his beamys like.) 
Qod fourmet hym so fitire, as I fynd here, 
J}at mony legions his light laonchet aboue. 
Thoi^h his Eoirhede as fast he felle into pride, 
Whm he eud of hym selfe his sete he wold make 
ffoU noble in ))e north, ^at non shuld be here 

441 3 Like to ^ lord, ))at the I^ht made ; 

Enynyng in all thing eayn wi'tA hym tielfe, 
Sonehefell of hia &ire-hode, & fele of his peree, 
|)at assentid to )>at eyn, sonkyn in fire. 

4416 Kony legion {lere light vnto laitho fendiw 
WttA Incifer, ^t lyaet in delites abone, 
J)at wofiilly welt & woundid to the dethe. 
Thus the gospell of Ood of Jiat grym tellis, — 

4420 ' I eegh satan hym selfe slippe oat of henyn. 
As ])e leaenynge* Ught, )»t laches to ground.' 
This fende was the fiist jtat felle for hia pride. 
And lost has hia lykyng, ^t lyuyaton is cald. 

4424 And foi the case is vnknowen be course to ^ 



(Pi. diL Ht u.) 
(Pi. dT. «, (.) 

Ood Ht LoHhr 

thnn^ prii^ he 

) by Google 


Here stunwhat I say, er I sew fene. 
And ysidre in ethemol^er openly tellis, 
)Mt bemoth in Ebrew ys oponly to say, — 

4428 ' A Raid besle vnreatonabU, ^ no Stile holdt^.' 
And for pe fende waa ao fob & fidl of disaait, 
God at the begynnyng of hie gret falle, 
Wroght hym to a worme in wiidames like, 

4433 Writheo, as the writte sayes, like a wjlde Eddnr. 
And for greltnes of ^t Grym in hie gret« filthe. 
He is demyt a Dragon wiUt Danid the prophete. 
In his song of the aawter ^n he aais ^eib, — 

4436 'This Dragon of Dissait, ]H(t ^nu derfly liath 
fourmet ' : 
So aethe in the sauter the Salme to the end. 
And loke of lynyaton in the IjRe of saynt 

There fiia warloghe, I wis, a watur eddnr is cald, 

4440 pAt pis saint pere eeghe in the se occiane, 
fTiill large and long of a ]awe depnee. 
Closet pen be comaundement of his clene maker, 
Vnto the day of dom dulfully to abide, 

4444 Writhyn is ^at warloghe witA wilis ynoghe, 
Mannea saule to diaaaiue & in ayn holde. 
Jjia lyuyatan, leder of all thias laithe fyndes, 
To our fader the first fello in Envy, 

4448 And put hym to peradise pmtly anon 

To tempt hom wi'tA trayn, pat trist of non enyll. 
To forfet ^at faire place & offense make. 
Haib a face vae fonrmet ai a fre maydon, 

4452 And as a sprite in hor spake, ^t spede to ooi 
Or barly toke body of fat bold eddar, 
And so vriUi falshede & faire our fadeis diseayuit, 
And all pen snccesaours sorily sent vnto pyne. 

4456 Of fis mater of mawmentiy nomore at thiB tyme : 
jDia sufScis forsothe. See we now here, 

:ectv Google 

And tume to our tale & take fiere we lefte. B"^^' 

X hua be diesayt of the douyll, es I declaiet haue, 
1460 This appollo apperit to pepull full ofte J^„"Ir( 

In Delphon, or Delos, dem as ye list. ujMo^mii 

To ))ifl appollo, )>e pure god, ^ai pepull honouret, bunpi, or A)h 

Thies kynge* by course comyn nnon, 
4464 Jjat messengers were mide fro J»e maiatera of 

And tiimyt iato tempuU fro ^ere tore shippia. 

Be counsell of the kepeis, when the oouwe felle, ("■ T» •; 

])at serued Jtat Synagod to the eoiy fyndea, 
4468 Than entrid fai wi'tft honour, & offerond made, 

Grete soumes forsothe of siluer & of golde ; il^'^hrinfr 

Did bfii-e deaoGioun as horn dere thought, v<tva,aitj 

' a ' inqulra ragu-i 

And frayned at the fyad how bai fare ahuld, UinMuiiot i 

■' ' ondwutlnj. 

4472 Of Jiaiie Joumay, full Justly, a Juggement to 
And fen Appollo apperith wi'tft a pn'ue voise 
To J»o worthy, o this wise, as Jie writ sayea. 


"Achillea ! Achilles 1 [attle] to )» Grekea, raa.h»t'«« 

4476 Sew to the same fat fou art sent fro ; Aehitioa i nti 

Tell horn tbi truth, )>at hom tyde shall ontki thu u 

In sotinde for to saile somyn vnto Troy, ihm'thLy'i^ 

And mony batela on bent wi't/t buernos to thole. ^'!|'7^'^'| 

4480 And the tent yere truly, tell hom for eothe, 'ti'i''™"' "" 
Jwre worship to wyn, & fer« wille haue ; "i ii"i mr 
All the Cit^ to soso, and the syde londis ; wul- 
Kyng Priam to pyne, & hia pure wife ; 

4481 All his sonnes to ale wt'tA aleght of your hondu; 
i^aire Riches to Rohbe, & fwre Bife goodia ; 
And no lede for to lyue, but fat hom selfo 

When Achillea this ohaunse choiaely hade hoiiJ, 
4488 Ho was glad of fe graunt, and the god answai'od ; 

, Google 


And er lie turajt tto the temple, thus hit tid 

A tulke out of Troy, testor aune eone, 
Jtat was a bisshop of the huighe, & a bueme vise, 
4492 (Calcaa, by course, was his kyd nome) 

A Sad man of siens, sought to ^ temple, 
flrom Priam, bis pure kjag, pr-tuely sent^ 
To haue answare at AppolUn what auntei' shuld 
4496 Of the ivUkes of Troy and the triet pepull. 

He meuyt to the mowmentM wi'tA hia mayne 

Proiond hym full prestly, as a pure god. 
To wame hym full wightly what wirdis shuld 
happyu : 
4500 And ))us gatia to the gome fea the god saido. 


"Oiicii«i " Calcaa ! Caloas I cair yow not home, Ne turae aauer to Troy, for tene fat may falle; 

joiniumif lo But go witA the greke« into the gret nauy, — 

^"notftonT* i^^i \fith Achilles the choise >.j3ig chose on fe way. 
uwD^HUTioyii p^ neuerfro fat pepujl,)ie the prise leue, 

ffor it is graanttd of goddis the grekes for to 

The fairer of fiat fight vnio the ferre end ; 
4508 All Troy for to take and time at hor wille. 

And your graithues may gretly the grekeo auails, 
■\Vtt/t couneell & comyng in cas fat will falle. 
Till fai haue wonen hor will : wete pim for 

CiiiihuUinipw 4513 And when Calcas vith comyng hade kyndly 

to AiAilla In lh> 

tan>p)i. Thty persayuit 

SSfS!^** " Jjat Achilles the choise was in the chere temple, 

JJ^J^iJ^ Ho wentto fat worthy hia wille for to shewe ; 

'**''■ And cuyn told hym by tale as hym tide hade. 

:ectv Google 


4516 And felle of affynite, and fiyndes be-come, tootx. 

Acliilles wttA cliere cberisshed hym full meknll. 
And bi0it bjiu hoge thinge to haue at his wille. 
Jjna went Jay to water, fKse wise men to gedm, 

1620 Cacched in cables & pen kene ancres, 

Seait TV ben amies, & in sound Rowet, i^ ni«Hi«« 

Paat oner the pale stremys & no payne tholet nw™ to utuai, 
Entret into Attens, pen po osto lay, inin<dii«id w 

4524 Po shene out of shippe shake into botee, 

Houit to Jie bonke, the Bysshop hym witA ; 
To Agamynon f ai gon wttft other gaye kynge>. 
Bothe Dukes & derfe Erles dit^hen to gedur, 

4528 That were blithe of yA bisahop, )»at |iai broght nai.iiai 
Achilles to the choise men all the cbaunse tolde, Aehoia mtim 
The answare of Appolyn what aunt^r ahuld ApoUoiohinwir 

How horn grauntid was the gre by the godd«* 
4532 And how Calcas, the contrary, cachit of hyni. 

That fro Pnam was put to haue a pure onswaie ; 

And how in batell hym bydon was abide yriih 
the grekes^ 

Till Troy all takyn were, & tinwt to ground. 
4536 When tbies tythinge* told were tomly to end, 

All the gcekef were glad, & pen god ^ked ; n* om^ 

And for ii^ of ^at iomay aioynet a fast, o^ )• k*pt ■• i 

As a high day to holde, & halowet it all S^TtoSS^ 

4640 yfith worship to wale goddis on fairs wise did. ■"**■ 

And of the Biashop ^ buemes beldid were fee ; 

I^ai cheriashed hym cboisly, all bo cheie ssttomitifi 


'With Riches & Rewards* raght hym ynogh, 
4544 And heghten hertely pen hestis to kepe. 

Pan pei solast hom somyn, as horn eelfe liked. 
And dtyroB furth jnt day wi'tA dalians to end. 


Ei)e xi ISolte. I^oin tije ^reftss satlet fro 
attemf to Erog. 

jfivERT wegh, ^t will wete of ))Bre weike more, 
4546 Listen a litle, & leng here a while : 

Let vs kftrpe of thiea kyngss or we cayre ferre. 
whniiUiioiT When thies worthy liade worshipped all ^sre 

Situ- "Sm wale goddes, 

^l^^f^^ And tlie "iay wiV* deuocionn diynen to [le end, 

•j^*^ 4552 The eectmd day suyng Homyn were J>a grete 

In AgataynotiB gay tent ; gedrit for sothe, 
fibrto Bpcke of hoi spede, whille ^ai space hade, 
dichuoHMwKii This Calcaa in company com witA Achillea 

tundiu. 4556 And Patroclua the pure "kyag into the prouda 

)>ai hailset fat hynde & hertely hym welcommyt, 
(ibL T1 M And sithen to eit all somyn fiai yode 

Among fo kyugea in company, as ^re course 
whrnUnn 4560 When all the pepull were posit, Jie pi-esens full 

thi..: still, 

KingrSniM! Calcas to the kyngeg catpes thiea wordea : — 

*°*^ibro«M " ^® noble men of nome, Jjat to note wendyn 

jourto™. Jq |,ig company clene ! kynget & Duk«, 

•tudi Tror t 4564 Erles & other men onest of astate, 

Jjat are aiojiiet to fiis Journey witA ioynyng 

) by Google 


Is not the cause of jour comyng wjtA company sookn 

To tume vuto Troy, fiat you tenit has, 
4568 And are opunly your enmya, Sc euermore you 

Why taiy ye so tomly, & tumyB not furthe t Wu thm do jt 

And are redy to |)e rode, & reatis pva lenge t 

)}er«-as all thing is oidant, hit angria to abide, " *• ■*■""* "" 

4573 Or tary oubt a tyme, when tulkes hen redy. mJj. 

Se hop© ye not highly, Jiat here aw anm taSa, Baif^ i»"« 
And aspies yoor spede witA spit fat )>ai may, tniion unoDg 
To irrite to fat wale kyng your weikei by-den 1 infonn Priun or 

4576 ))iB fenyond fare is forthoiyng to horn, tioi diuj aUmr 

To assemble on yche syde soudioura ynogh, ■lUHtowiuittu 

And fret hom wttA fryndes fere fos to witAstond, '™' 
Of kyngM & knightta in centres abowte ; 

4580 Syn ye hane tarit ouer tyme tomly at home, 

And noght hastid witA harme your hethii^ to 

Te ahold haue soght to fe Cit^ eone oponone ! ^™ ■'™i' •>■" 
Mony wekea are went & f is wale aomar, Xmj. Huj 

4584 And monythes full meuyt of fe mylde aire, ^Zml ■» gm 

Of seasonable sailyng of f e salt water, ^r HuouUa 

Syn winter wa« went Sc winds* were lithe ; n!^^ " ro« 

The course of the eolde see calmyt wit/t all, 

4588 Jeforus witA softe wyndes soberly blew, 

Flanettee in the pure aire pullishet full clene, 
And all softe was the see to sailers feriu. 
"Why leng ye so loi^ & lose all this tyme, 

4592 When ye might soberly hane sailet, & set c 

And haue flayet the fceikes witA yowr felle haati J^J^",S^i, 
When tythande« hade ben tolde of soche a tore ^""S^uj.. 

Hit wold haue noyet hom anon fe nomburto here. 
4596 Thoche tarying ouer tjnne twrnys hom to ioy. 
And hertia horn highly to hold you for faint. 

, .Google 

whr loM 111 ou 


No hope yo not hertely Jw heat of yo«r goddiu 
■ffilb« faithly fulfilled, & not faile of. 
Bat if ye tary <mer tyme )>ai tene horn fn^reat, 
And in case to fe contraiy cast your aneiitar ; 
Your chaunse for to ch&imge & chef yow ^e 

*• Jjerforo hefe vp yoar hertia ; hast you to oaile ; 

iw ts 1604 Sette furthe to ^o bo j sitte no lengur. 

Has hamea oner hacche ; highes in ancer ; 

ffolowQ to yoar foa witA a fcike wille. 

Syn your goddes haae it groimtid ^ gie ehalbe 
4608 Highea you in haste, hodes here no lengur. 

This is clerely my counsel!, kithe if yon list t " 

When Calcas his counsell had caipit to ^ end, 
' Icbe lede hym alowet, fwt listnet his woides ; 

*" 4612 And his coonaell to kepe keston horn all. 

Agamynon the gret his gomys did wame, 

Iche buerne to be boune at the blast of a tnimpe ; 

ffoTto pas into port & pull rp hor sailee, 
4616 And dryne on ^e depe se )« doughti coroaundet 

AH the company enclinet, caiiyn to ship ; 

Cachyn in cables, knyt vp hor ancies ; 

Sesit Tp hor s^es in a sad hast ; 
4620 Bichet f«re rapes, lapit vnto see. 
*^ Hokit out of haayn, all the hepe somyn 

Hods bit at hor bake, bkven to ))s depe ; 

Sailyn forthe soberly, somyn but a while, 
■' 4624 Noght fyftone forlong feirly to the end. 


"i When sodenly the sofle aire Tnsoberly rose ; 

The cloudis ouer cast, clatenit aboute ; 

Wyndes full wodely wait vp the ythes ; 

4628 Wex merke as the mydnighte mystoa fall thicke ; 

'4 « Thunrut in the tbestur throly wi'tA all j 

, Google 

A 8T0BH AT BEA. 151 

W»t& a lauschant kite lightonyd the water ; BmIi h. 

j^nd a Bopand ra^e laiked fro the heajiL 

4632 The sbirme waa full stithe wi'tA mony stont TiunTHiiM 
windea, iii n id 'umr 

Hit wait vp the wilde se vppon wan hilles. ' "^ 

The fiblke was bo feid, fat oa fleto were, 
All diede for to diowne wi'tA dryft of the se ; 

4636 And in perall wen pat all the proude kyngea. 

Then Colcas the coraet, faX come oat of T107, cdchu d..4un 
To the worthy fere were warpit anon : — tiuimht 

" The cause of our care I know it right well : 

4640 The goddM is greuyt, fiat we are gon iro 
At honoufable Attena, — auntrus Diana : 
Eoz we S(^ht uotto sacnfice, hii seluyn is wrothe, 
And has wroght ts Jiis wedor : ^t wete I foi 

4644 Mf counfiell is kyndly, kjrthe if ye list, Sf «^!i^ 

J)at we seche to fat same or wo aew fene, — *"" *'^ ^ 

Into the He of Awlida, — all men to gedur. 
There Diana the dere ys duly honourt, 

4648 Our Emperour, hym owne selfe, offeraund to 
Be ho plesid wttA prayere & other pure giftes, 
This tempest will tume into tyme faire, 
And we hane wedur at our wille, & our way 

4652 Jien keppit was the counsell ofCalcasbelyne. t 
All ttfmyt Jiaire tacle witA trussyng of sailes, to 
And atiid hotn full streight wit^uten stad more ^ 
Into Awlida ]ie yle, to honour Diana, 

46S6 ])at was &st by the fiete but a forlonge. 

Agamynon in grete hast gird to the lond, a 

Tnmyt to the Temple, taried no Lengni ; J 

To Diana full derelj did his honowre, 

4660 With Sacrifice full solempne & mony aad giflea, 
And woiehippet fat worthy as a wale goddee. 

, Google 

I*"- Then the se wex sober, eesit the wysdis ; 

• ■tela. Cdlme was the courae, cleneit the aire ; 

4664 The dcrke ouenirogh, & the dym Toidet ; 

The bremnea abatid ; blusehit the aun. 

Hade wedur at Jiaire wille, wentton to ahip, 
Iji!" And past fro ))at port the pepull in fere ; 

4668 HalLt to the high ae in a bond while ; 

Sailit on soundly as horn self list, 

lyU )iai comyn to the cost & oountre of Troy ; 
' "^ And fere hyt into haayn as hom happe fello, 

**■ 4672 Vuderacastetlof)iecuDtre,))atcaldwaBSaracbla. 

There ]»u fastnet the flete & the furee sbippes, 

Cachit hom witA cables & castyng of aneree, 

And logget hom to lei^ in )>at le hauyn. 
'™^ 4676 The kepare of the castell caghtea Jere aimys, 
■**■' Wcntten out wightly the water to kepe; 

Bowet to the bonke in hor bright geire. 

To put of fat pepull priatly fai wend, 
4680 And foryn as folia ; for fai but few were. 

pea. wiV( stode hom a atoure but it stad litle. 
ki The folke were so fele, fat feUe to the londe, 

XM Armyt at all peces, angarly mony, 

"*' 4684 The troiena fai tokyn & timyt to dethe. 

And fell to the flight in fere to the castelL 

But the Grekea on fe grounde giymly pureueyt, 

Swappit hom with swordes till tiie swalt all, 

468S Comyn to the caatell, (vncloae were the yatis, 

*<■ The cuntremen for to kepe as fai cum wold,) 

The Greke* Ingird, gripped the warders, 
i And all the fonnet folke fell to the dethe; 

4693 Slogh hom doune aleghly, along hom to ground j 

Robbit fere riches, raght to fere ahippes. 

Wonen to the wallea, wait hom to ground ; 

Betyn doune the buyldyngea to the bare erthe ; 
4696 Tokyn the tresure ; turnyt into hauyn. 

When f is caatell was caght, kylled the pepull. 

., CJooglc 


And all the shalket to ship 'wi'tA the shene godee, 

i>di paat fro p&t port with pillage ^ hade, SitTreMdm. 

4700 And twmyt vnto tenydon, taryt no lengni. 

pen arof all the lowte witA )>«re Ranke shippee, 

Cast ancres with cables ^t kene vere of byt ; 

Let sailea donne slide ; elippit into botes ; 
1704 ffestnet with fuerse Bopls the flete in ^ hanyn ; 

And buakit vnto banke, the boldist ay fiist. 

At this tenydon truly was a tried castell, *'■•" "'lIILir' 

Wele wroeht for the werre witft Talles foJl "riig»nim»ii 

" Kidnpiillid. 

4708 Evyn fild full of foike, fueree men & noble. 

And Bichea full Kife, Ranks men w/th in ; 

Wele Titeld, I-wisse, for winture ynoghe. 

(Hit was sothely bat sex myle fro the Git£ enyn, 
4713 As I told haue tonJy in a tale here before.) 

Tbe folke in ])at fnerse hold vece feide of hom 

Arait bom full radly, right to the werre. 
In defense of hor fos, fat on flete lay, "f ''^d"™ 

4716 Wenton oat wiehtly wale men of armya, ib«iroMO» 

igiUnit Uw 

Andbateldbomonthebankeasbombesttbnglit. arHfci,i>hohivi 
When the Oieke* were gethnit & to ground 

Mony fightyng folke in a fuerse nowmbur, 

4720 The pepull with hoi power put hom agayne, 

And foght with hom felly, ^f Jiai few were. a aerr*iMiit 
Bold was )>at biker opon botbe haluya. uKnbMiidda] 

Mony deid by-dene of the derfe giekes ; 

4724 And Troiens wttA tene tynt of hor pepull, 

But not BO fele at )m first as of the ferre 8id& 

The Grek« full greatly greuyt ^eraX, bn uu onak^ 

Oppresset bom wttA payne & preset JieT-eeiter ; ich, ud (nml. 

4728 ffooght full felly, and fele were fere fai elayne : tmniaifiaii 
Of the Troiens Jwt tyme tynt were fe mo. j^r**"" 

The frosehe was so felle of the fiirae grekw, (w.»*) 



And the uovmbei bo noyoas, ^t neglied in haet, 
4732 That tlie ffiigiee floghen and the fild leayt ; 

Tumyt ynto Troy, and the tonne eutrid. 

And po at fore not to flight ne of foise were, 

The greke* gitd hom to groande witA hor gtym 
4736 And Mttenit on the bent, fat abide wold. 

Comyn to the castell, vnclosit it aboute, 

fFoghten wtiA the folke, )iat defena made. 

ShoMyn vp sharply at the shene -wallis 
4740 WttA glayues ; & gomes girdyn donn tooiea ; 

Diynen vp dartds, gyffen depe voundew. 

Wtt& alUasteriB also amyt f nil stieght, 

Wliappet in whatlee, whellit the pepulL 
4744 With speiis foil dispitioosly spuniit at the yatra^ 

Dongen on demly wttA mony dede hnite^ 

In difTena of fo folke, )iat aflroi made. 

Bat tbe wallis the[y] were for all the wo yet, 
4748 And fele of liot fos fellyn vitA ont 

)}en gone forthe the grekot, giaitbet engynea, 
•ttNBptMiai* Batold hom. all abrode vmbe the bare wallea ; 

Layn ladders alenght & oloft wonnen. 
4752 At yche comell of Jw castell was cnisahyng of 
weppon ; 

ffell was the feght ^o fueise men amonge ; 
Mu; otikKd m Mony grekes in fere gremy gird on the hed. 

Till fai lept of the ladder, light ui the dyke, 
4756 The biayne out braat & the biethe lanyt ; 

A:ad monydongen to dethe wtt/idynttes of honda. 

The Troiens full tit ware tiighit for iight, 

Wondit & wei6 ^at fai were noght ; 
4760 And the grekc« in eo grete nowmber gedrit hom 

Wonyii on the ^vallia wightly wj't/i ladders. 

At wyndouB on yche nyde-wiae a wonduH'ull 

) by Google 


The greto tourea Jiai toke, timyt tlie pepnll : »«*"■ 

4764 Was no lede opon lyfe pai a iofte atoda. 

The[7] chefe into chamben & ofer chne lullis, 

And yche freke, pat ]iai found, felly p»i elogh, (M.nk; 

Old men & other, with oumyng to dethe, 
4768 Tyll no lede of Jnt lynage vpon lyfe was. 

All the cavea in the castell clenely ^ songht, 

Bobbit the Bicbes & the Eife ptoodes : Ttu cwUa !• tim 

Fniyet & piket pat pioffet was m, jMaij totn^td. 

4773 And wonnyn it vightly the wallia witfeoute. 

Till all was bare as a bast, to ^ bigge woghes. 

Uynours then mightely the moldes did eerche, 

Oiurtymet the toares, & the tore Talks 
4776 All dosahet into the diche, doll to be-bolde; 

Betyn dona the buyldynget & brent into erOie, 

Tyll the place was playne & out of plite broght ; 

And hegh Tenydon wi'tA tourys tymyt all vnder. 
4780 When ^ hade wasted the won &woneR thegTB, caX^wtw,.* 

All the treeour thay toke & turuyt to ship. 

This fi^t is the first and Am tb behonu*. 

) by Google 

xij* l&aht. I^oin tl)e 0Trltgs sent ^o 

Bmsrs in Message to Itsng ^riant 

Sor Xlestttttctan of paitt \iaxme. 

AoBBET was ^is Tonke hold & rynyn to gronnd ; 
4784 All the kepara kild Tato eold dethe. 
TkiOfMkindc'n ffuU glad were the the godie to fo&ge, 

And pat horn happit so haately the haldes to 

Mery was the menye & maden gret Joye, 
4788 Aa Jrai honyt in hauyn holly to gedur. 
AjpniRnnm Then AgamynoiL gmidly, faire gay Emp^roui, 

hoMjuimBtthi Chaigit horn as cheften all his choiae pepuU, 

bmwhtukia P^^ «»y godie hade goLen at the gret hold, 

uri^'iUrttodT *^^2 ffor to hryng it helyue & no bode make ; 

<&L w bJ ind cunt wightly [wrw*tft the wegliea horn selfe. 

To a place [fat waa playne on f e pure groond. 
And fai obeyt hie boue. The haemes anon, 
4796 Past to the playne fere prince vntill : 

Tche gome witA his gode Jmt he gotyu hade, 
flat comyn forth clcnly wi't/i clothes & other, 
And pight it on a playne in a place fairs. 
4800 paa the sooerain hym seluon soberly denidet 
Tho godes to his gomea, as hym graith thc^ht, 
And depertid the pray to his pr»e folke. 
To the weghes fat horn wan with woundes beforE^ 
tih boid« In 4804 'And put hom in perell, depertid fai were : 
bM ihin. He, pat boldist was in hatell, the best for to haue. 

DD.:ea by Google 


'\\'lien p'tB duly was done by dom of ^e lorde. 

The cheftayn full choiely chargit the gret, — 
4808 Ail the kynges of his company & his kyde Duk«^ 

Erles & all men pal of ostate nreie, — 

The Gecuud day euyng or the sun Kose, 

To appere in a place perUy horn sduon, i 

4812 ffor a counsel! to earpe & comyn to gedur, a 

And to speke of hor spede whill the[y] space hade. 

When the derk vbb don & the day spiange ; 

Gedrit were the grete & to ^ ground comyu 
481 6 On a place ^t waa playne, plenty of Setis ; 

Eayn set in a scrkyll fe soferan before, 

And pee in yche place, pnncee were stille j 

Agomynon, the gmemow, godely did say 
4820 These wordia full wisely to his weghes alL 


"Ye 6endai faithAill, pat fueise ben in armys ! < 
Princes & prfee kynges, preuyt of Astate ! ud un^^ 

That are gedrit on the ground, tfe&ogrece comyn. (fiii.n».] 
4834 The pouer of our pepull is plauily fall hoge, nninmni, tut. 
And the fame of our faersnea fares abrode. aa Kod^ lun 

The word of our werke« thnigh the world eprii^es 1 XIm wuriBn or 
Is not Bccoontid of kynge*, ne kyde men of "■'*'■'"■ 

4828 Thnrgh the world for to wale so worthy of dedis, 
By the grace of out godde«, as grekes are now ! 
And no pride in oor pepnll foe our pn'se werke«. 
That happis n to haue ^orgb our kynd goddes. 

4632 Horn Jiroly we thanke pna thrive we fo bettnr, rorthiiw* 

And put away prtde fro our prise heites ; uid pot ■*■; au 

ffor it knowen by course & cnstome to all, wbich"!! tn* 

What harmys & Tnhap has bastid ^nrghe pride, (Al 

4836 And what cumbiaunse & care, in mony kyde 

IHmdii prlnoi. 

) by Google 


8yn it haten thiae httgh godd« & hogely with- 

"' Btondyn, 

And ay the purpaa enpajres with pride is b&- 

Hit ie vit for to wayue or tb worse happon ; 
'*" 4640 ffoi proude men in pn'ce haae playnlf no fryndeg, 
But enerj mon wi'tA enuy ertis hom Bkathe ; 
- And who-80 frend is & felow to ^t fonle vise, 
Myche hate on bjm liighes & harmys with all, 
4844 And lae.'kes fos of his freade* & fele )iat hym 
• Let VB waive now wisely in our werke* all, 

And nomly in ])is note, )iat now is in honde, 
P&i no pride fro our purpos put va abacke ; 
4848 And rule tb by rightwianea in our Banko dedls, 
WitA a lyue of lewte, |>at as a laiimp ahynes, 
])at no fawte with tb founden be, ne fytyng of 

Now wet« ye right well, ^t all fiis wale pepuU 
4852 Am comyn to thia coat wttA cumpany grete, 

And pureuyt to Jiia prouynae in pwrpos to Tenge 
Of harmya & hegh grem, witA hethyng full 

)}at Friam and his pepoll batb plainly ts done. 
4856 Syn we arofe in ^ia Rewme in a rad baste. 

We baue oumyt hym wiih angur, ertid bjm 

Tf he were fully our foo forwith this tyme. 
To hate va in bert, now here is our cause, 
4860 Thia wot I full well, ^ai wamyt ate before. 

And haue gedrit of gyngys mony giym batelL 
But fai wete not our werkea, ne oar wilde fare ; 
pat we be negbit so negh, ne noy ^t is fallyn, 
4864 ffor if fiai might be so mony, & of mayne atrenght, 
We mut bye it full bitterly |>e baiet we make. 
J7ai haue a Cit^ for Botbe, a sure & a noble. 

) by Google 


Well wallit to wale, witA water aboute ; Boofcxii. 

4SS8 And ^erfore sothly I eay, hit semu mto vs, 
t)ai are tthr of folke, & fueraei by the halfe, 
"With mora plenty of pepull, & Je province hor 

And yche freike is fen frynd to filaom fere Bpeda jJ^vH^tT 
4872 J)ia I Bay not, for sothe, aupposyng in hert im^uita 

Jlatof ourdedeshuldbedoute, — I demituotao. »'«™Bti*«i*<rf 
Ne I put not vnpoesible ion place for to take, ""■ *> ' i«« i» 

r ^ i^ ' Impiaijbla ID uk* 

And all fere folke in fight vith foree to distroy ; uhi dMnix uh 
^76 Ne the GitS to sese and aerche wttAin, mir work iriHij 

And all the touree of the tountumbell to ground; £^J^^ 

But fiat louyng & loee ahuld lenge of oar dedia, 

And our werke* all iriaely wioght by discrecioun, 
4880 }Mt we fare with no foly ne fonnyng of pnde. 

Hit has follyn vnto fele men, fer in tymea past, 

P&t haatoly on hede has highit to a note, 

And keppit no counsell, no no clene rale, 
4884 But put horn vi'tA pr/de a purpoa vnto. 

Hit lapit to repentaunee & mony ranke harmys. 

This knowis alt the company, fat the kyng iJ^JT^'S. 
Priam, "I" » "MMg* m 

Koght leng sithen but late, a lede of his owne —ifi u oo^i to 
4886 Made on a message vnto our menes londis, linviiHiDiH; 

ffoi his austor Exiona to send hym agayne ; ^iii,nui»sntd 

This couet the kyng, keppit he no more. 

And we, as vnwiae men, welt into pride ; 
4392 Answarth hym awterwart with angur & skome, uiuiureair, 

"With thretyng vnthn'uand of our thro lierte* / " (iw.7fl») 

And manast his measanger wi'tA malicoiw pi't'de. 

Hade we herkont hym hyndly, hedit his wiUe, u««i»a to nu 
4896 Done his dissyre, deiret not oui seluyn, HS"!^'^ 

The harme & the hardgrem, fat highet vs after, ^J^*" wwLi 

And this sorow in Sitheria had sothely not fallyn ; »■ 

Ne Elan, ne other mo honnable of grcce, 
4000 Had not Itn'thly bene laght, A led vnto Tmy ; 


160 TBI CXlDNaBL 07 AflAMBHtlOtr, 

B«*m- Ne WQ, Jwt are wonyn ouer the wale atreames, 

J»t worthy to wyn wttft weppon in fight, - 
Hade not faren bo for out foa to distroy, 
4901 Ne so long fro out londe« lengit away. 
A^whuRimiH And, what foil shalbe fortune, no fieke can vs 

■hull ba<kU u, » 

B..O.BWL telle; — 

Wethui wonhip or wo : wete we not all 1 
TkRiAir^ (In, ir IjerforB, aira, me aemys, if you so like, 

XOO wlih to «TOld J ' V 

■noupniiiiir 4908 Yf ye deme it be don, & in dede holde, 
oarpgafiK To put of all perells & our popull saue ; 

All chaunse to excbewe, & cheue tb the bettur 

Our worship to wyn, & no wegh hurt ; 
49 1 2 J}at we may saUe hom in sound & our gute haue j 
M M Hod > Let make tb a niesaage to the mon Pnam, 

uid pnmba u J)at is kyng of the coste & the kythe ow, 

iriH will Hnd And wilne hym wisely, )>at worthy, to send 

uwnMorwc 4916 Honemble Elan & other of our pepull : 
ndna'tbawnni* -^^ Todiesso Ts the domago, ^at he don haa 

5^*° "^ By Paris his proude eon, in our prise londis. 

If Jat soue*«yne accept this aothly witA hert, 
4920 And do it in dede, as our dis^re wille. 

We may wend hom wiVi worship & our wille 

And saue so oui seluyn & our sute hole ; 
(iis.hH'nidtr.1 Nauther redur ne rape to bis rem do. 

nitiH uiia oAr, 4924 And if Friam wiUi pride this purpos refuse, 
Mmdatoifhiin Two frend^ haue fully to fight in our cause; 

tb^'MnJufu ^B i^ ^ht, ])at ts riches for rape of oui godes ; 

^STmapiw^ ^^ P^' f'"'' "* proffer our pouer to extaint, 

"^"tJ^" ^^^^ Thurgh the world shall it wend oar wetke at 
tuniH ofonr fig tyme. 

Ay the mo, fat our mesure maynly may here. 

The longur ts luff shall till our last end ; 
(w.n*) And the Troiens be told as for triet foles, 

TIm Trgjuu will ' 

UHeooBtoi 4932 N'e exciisit of ekathe & sklaundcr of pride, 

IboUi but nH«r '^ 

ou wDi umh n TomacchevswitAinonheae Amightof oorsolfe, 

) by Google 


And wyn horn in wer with weppon in fighL Bookzii. 

Keuer buerne will vs blame, ne ban for our deda, 
4936 So wngli will vs wite to Jte worlds end. 

Sea DOW, your eeluyn, my Baghis mto, 

And deuyn of ))is deds as yon dere think." 'DniHnMH 

When the aouerain hade said, J»an sesit lie here, " ""'"^ '*"" 
1940 And mony of ^o m^bty menyt ^er agayn, 

Ifoght semond, f&i said, ne sittyng to do ; 

And part of fat pepull prouyt hit for wit ; 

And o aithln, all eamyn aseentid ^erto. 
49i4 Two chere men fai chese on ))is choise erend, — ^"^ 

(Onest & ebell Vlexea waa one, ph*"- 

And Dyamede, f e derfe kyDg demyt ))at other) — ■ 

AioDet to |)ia iornay inatly to-gedra. 
4918 Stiden vpon stithe horse stird to the Cit^, 

And weaton in wightly Jo worthy hom selaon. 

Entred into Elton, Jat honerahle Palis, 

Ligbtyn at the low, laiiyn ^aire horsea, Ti»r inn u uh 

4953 Gone vp by the greses all of gray marbill, wTu^taT" 

Hit into the halle of the bigb kynge. 

Hade maraell ftill mekull of fat mayne place, ""'^l^. 

Of the wallea fat wroght were wondtwly fiure, mitiiM of ib* 
4956 Wit& high toores full torrit all tbe tonn ymbe. und umn, te. 

Tet msraelt hom more ymyddes the halle bmomtui. 

Waaa tre, ^t was tried, all of tra gold, iiT>i»*<tfB«M. 

Memelous & mekyll men to be-hoM. odbagnMhiD. 

4960 The bole was of bright gold, biet to ]» myddes, 

JjaigioT ))on a lawriall & leng«r with all, 

{xii cubettat by course all of clene beght) « ■»• <«i" 

jMt fourmyt was full faire to fe &e Ix^bes. muij tbnud. 

4964 The brede of his bowes borly to se, (W. 77 ».) 

Large and longe, (light as tbe eun) Tba booghi 

ffro the desa to tbe dorse doblit on biede diii to tha dom, 

And the eydys, by a serclo of f e same hall. H^ " 

4968 The biaunches were borly, sum of bright gold, ^J"^"" ^ 

Sum syluer for sothe, semlist of hew ; s^iJ. "^ "o™ 



With loujB full lufBy, light of Jie same ; 
Wi'tA burionB aboue bright to be holde ; 
And frot on yt fourmyt fiureat of shap, 
Of mony ^nd y&t was kayt, knagged abone, 
J)at sbeinert aa shire R3 any shene Btonys. 
Long abodyn ttues bnernes in the bright hall, 
Or Jiai corayn 1« the kyng by course for to 

Led were ))0 loides )>ro mony long chanmburs, 
Goand Tp by degres )>iiigh mony gay Alya, 
And past into a proode chaumbttr fen Priam 

1980 Among loidea of his londe & ledis of hie owne. 
J)ai salut not pat eouerain with no sad wotdea, 
Ne ■worehippit no wegh Jiat hym wi'tA stode; 
Bat oujn agaynat fat gret ])ai gone for to sit, 

4984 In the firount of ^o folke & fe fre kyng. 
pea auntred Ylexes and his erund said. 
And wari>et Jiies wordes as ye wete shall 


" Sir Pn'nm ! thof we pw'ee not Ji person to 
4986 Ne worship the as worthy, no wonder ))on bane ; 
ffor we haue }ie in hate as onr hede fibo : 
And an enmy to anof er nothing it semys, 
Hailayng ne hynd speche wi'tA no hede bare. 
4992 Agamynon the gret, pat on fi ground lys, 
Hriao^aife^ Hsse made V8 as messengBM at this mene tyme, — 

Hyder send tb to aay to fi selfe euyn, 
He biddf« the full barly the bright qwene Elan, 
Cii)i,7eB.> 4996 That you caght fro his kyng, & oper kyd pepull. 
Send hom in sound & safly to hym, 
l!!«it^« ftr -^"^ ^*^y ■^**" <* *^^ ^*'*''* harmya ; 

Oh buniu dou All Beduis to riche wi'tA pi Kanke goodes, 

phu. 5000 That yon pild in his prouynse by Paris pi son. 



Iff yow do )>us in dede, bit doghia the bettur : 

And yf pon set noght oui saghe, se whatwiU irrmiwiunot 

.„ dU»,.Hwtut 

"^ ambWUI/ouI 

Of hamte in a hond qwhile h^hand the to ! 
R004 Thou bes ded for po dede dernly ^i aelfe ; 

All )ii pepull be perisshit & put out of lyue ; 

Thy Git6 & )>i Sid londe sesit in were, 

Batyn and brent doun vnto bare askes ; 
6008 The Eewma furgh Eiden, robbed >i goodia, 

Set vnderBemage & sorow for euer ! " 


When Pmm peraayuit had all his pronde wordes, 
He onawared Vlixes vne Tponone, 
6012 Wt'tAouten couneell of tnightes or any kyde prtwii npu»i > 

ffoll Boberly he said all in sad speche, — 

"Me meraells fullmekill of yozir mayne ^te, 'tsumiityci 

And angers me full euyll your angaxd desyie, ,„„, d.J^ to 

6018 "When ye eouet by course, witA vntynd fare, ^JJomJ,.! 
Satisfaocioun to be sent fro my selfe enyn, Sud™i*l'" 

Syn ye ate cause of )>is care, & curstly haue don. 
Ky Bouerayn ye slogh, & my sybbe fryndts ; 

5020 My folke put into pyne, pild all my Bewme ; 
Koche diaseese ye me did, no redresse made. 
Exiona, my suster, in B«mage ye put. 
And fele of my fflyudes into fer londe«, 

S024 In hordam Se harlatoy vnhyndly to lye ; 

Ifot keppil hir kyndly, as a kyng» doughter, 
But huthly in lechery, lengyng to dwelle : 
And menen me witA. manas Amended to bede I 

6028 I Told sothely, my Selfyn, dttyn wit^ the harme (la ts t.) 
Of the dethe & the dole of my dete fader, fu dijhk i 

In obtyggyng of batell, & blode to be spilt uh im ormj 

And on message I made a mon of myn owue, JSmw tojJi" 

6032 Antinor I ordant fat erende to ivende, pumiringio 



8«*Pt- And sent for my Suator, sothely, to you ; 

£Stl'»™ ^^ ^ Kilt** for-gyffen & greuans of old. 

woou rMtm mj ^i of the awthwart onewarea & angwr to hym, 

5036 All the wise how it was ye wetyn your eelfe. 

Hit ia knoweu to your kynges & comyn wt'tA all, 

T( diihouDnd Of the dishonow ye did to my dore l^at, 

S^ininnnjnwnf ^^ ^^ V'*^ "* 7°^'' 8p«ihe diapiset my 

iwuiDatBov 6010 Heie ia plfunly no place in ))iB plit now, 
dalnii tawiM Your wille for to wirke for no wild threte. 

of urtid uiMU. J jj(,pg thegreka* in hor grem ehall neuer eo grat 

To oppreaae me wttA power," ne my plas take, 
S044 Ne iny godia to gripe agaynes my wille. 

I will Agamynon hit wete, & his weghea all, 
p&i for pes to his pepuU pray will I neuer, 
Ne folowe on hor freudship, ^at me bo foole 
hyndryt J 
5048 But I wond for my woiahip as wethenins shuld 
die I 
And ye,so rehell and roide vitA your ragh specha, 
Wynnes yow now wightly for wocbe of my 

sight ! 
While I ee you in cartain I aourde full of yr^ 
6062 And bolne at pe biest all for bale augre ! " 


When the worthy hade his wordes warpit to end, 
Ciamede full depely drough out a laughter. 
And said to fiat suffrayn sittyng agayne ; — 

S6 " Now kyng, yf wa be cauae of Ji kene yre, 
And ^ou vnsaght of ^i sight sothely of ts two. 
While f ou lyuea in pis londe, leue for toew, 
WitAouteu noy be ]h>u neun*, & fin ene opon, 

)0 Hya the grekes on the groimd are of so gret 

) by Google 


And (wo faithly shall fynd, in a felle haBte, Vodkxn. 

A bimdrith thovsaund ^ro men {ninand in 

The weghes to wonnd & warpe Tnto detha. 

5064 And if Jion aothely of sorow net be bo foil, i^'°" 

ffoT two buemea &11 bare & of body nakyd, od ■Mount 

IhopeyourboInyi^witAbreBti&yowrbretheleTie nun.! hop* 
ToqwhichepoueTjplaynly, fonproues no strenght, JJ^J'^^^^„ 

5068 Ne no Buertie, may saue fro fere aid hannys." J^tflrfJSl 
Mouy knightet in the courte, pat by the kyng n umj." 

Wax wroth at hie words*, wait into yre ; SZTi^ **" 

Warpit out woides full ewice at the kjug, Dunaaam, iba 

5072 And drogh tawaid Diamede to dero hym anon, enm mmai to 
ffor to britton ^nt buerne for bis bolde specbe. ^''''■>°>- 


Priam ^n presit rp &o his proude seto, rrfia jnrmtt 

Bade horn blyia of hor brathe or hor bare lyuss, 
5076 )>at no gome shuld hym greue wttA no grym 
Se negh hym wi'tA noy for nogbt ^at be eaid. 
" Syn tbe wit of no wise man shnld wait into yre, ".*7!"Tf" 
Ne befuerse on afole, ftot foutly bath wrogbt; "Tt "lai ■ Ri* 

6080 ffor it falles to a fole his foly to shew, tuuiiij. 
And a wise man witterly hia words* to suffei- 

Aa it is &e to a fole foly to carpe. 

So is it wit, a wiseman bis wordia to listyn, — 

6081 Lagbe at it lightly and let it oner pas ; 

ffor in specbe may man epia the speker to know, 
And wete, by hie wordw, the wit ^t he beires. 
I wold Botbely, my-seluyn, suffer fall haida, ' "'**'' """ 

6068 Or any measanger were mysdon, or rnamt wiVi nuMtnficwm 
tend - ^orTT' 

WitAin my courtte, or my cutnpany, for any ""i™^- 
cause here. 

) by Google 

_ Sbr lightly a litil thyng, a lose may Iw tjnt, 

And a feme be defoulede, & fatid for saer ; 
5092 tKrfore set you full aone, sober your wille, 

And Qon proffer, apon payne, to prase hym no 

Ne to warpe hym no worde, fat woisbip may 

jMn Bet ^i sone, as said horn the kyng. 


S096 And Eneas efterward etlid to say, — 

)}at sete by the souerayn<s non sothely betwene, — 
Biebe out full boldely nil in bieme vordie. 
And spake full dispitously witft a eprete felle r — 
6100 "Sir kyng, it eitt«>not, aotbely, for right, 
<" A fole to be fanoret folili to speke. 

But wo vnwisely with wordis walls his speche. 

Hit is skille fot his skorne, pat he scathe thole, 

8104 And not eheriat, hut chastist, by charge of his foly. 

" I might sothely so say, here syttyng yow by, 

I ];at ye wold deme to dethe for my derfe wordoa, 

\)&t light wold & leason by lewle of my-eeluyn. 

5108 And, saue your magiate so mykell, pat men will 

* obey. 

He, ))at warpes thies wordee in his wild foly, 
Shuld d^h, for hie derfenes, by domys of right ; 
)}at so dispitously hath spoken in spit otjour 

5112 And menyt your mageaty witA his mad wordea. 

And angert vs all angardly soie, 

W/tA preaumpcoun & prise of his proude hert. 

I bid Jierfore barly, Jiat he bove herchyn, 
.^1 16 And pas fro this place o payn of his Ijfe, 

If he faine will foly for a fyn wit. 

And gyrt on no grete wordis to greue vs iio 

) by Google 


Thea Dyamed, the deife kyng, mtAoutyn dyn 

8120 "You, frynde,wttA (li fare, what freikeaojjou be, "Frienii 
I wote, b; your wordes, )k>u ert no wise Juge ; tiua imoij 
But I deply dissyre in dedia to come, "X^Ji,"** 

J)at I may fynd fe before fi frendahip to fouke, 

6124 And mede the after mesore of pi meke nille, 

To thanko the of pi thret and ^i Jiro wordis. ifoi. so a.j 

Now I se well, for-eothe, Bely is the kyng, i He now iiuinir. 

pat kepis the for counsell clene for hym aeluyn, .ui^^ J^^ JJJ^ 

5128 j}a,t well oon his worship wiashe hym to saue, J^I^^lJia" 
And rede hym to redurs, ^at rixlee to shame ! " 
)3en "Vlixes, y/ith vtteians vne vpponoue, 
The derfe wordis of Diamede dullit WitA speche ; 

6132 And wyaely he waynet all his wild yre, 5^""™'"^^ 

|)at he nomore in Jie mater ehuld mene at pat J**™^ "" 

And to Priam [the] price kyng prestly he said; — [Ms. hH -m-) 
" Kyng, wo haue clenly consaiued fii wille. "Wa eiwrij 

G136 To Agamynon agayne we go with our onsware, joar ui»w, uii 
All fi s^hes, for-Fothe, fat souerain to telle !" tonportitto*" 
And so fai past fro fat pales, preset vnto horse, ' 
Lepyn on lightly, launchct on hor way, 

5140 Gone to pe greke» in a grete hast ; i 
Lighten at fere l<^ge8, leuyn fere horsen, . 
And ferdon on foto fairly to-gedur ; J 
Into the £mp«roura awne tent entrid belyue, ^ 

5141 Ther all the grete were gedrit Agamynon before 
And toldyn all tomly, as horn tide hade. 
The purpaa of Priam tho prtuses vntill. 
Thai hade meniell full mekyll in hor mynd all, 

5148 Of his authwart onswares, fat hym arghet no 

Then fo K.ynge« in counsell castyn hom anon, 1 
And oidant on all wise faire enmeis to greue p 

Be wiles of wer, as ye shall wete after. 

xtij ISofte. %otD t1)e 0re}tss sent ^djtlUs 

anb 2Ct)eleton for bitatU foe t()e ®s;t into 


(hiLMfc) 6152 Kthotb and knyghtes and otber kjrde Ihik«^ 
All the Boiurayns hade selly, as I said ere, 
Of pmm, the price Kyng, ^t prudl; hade 
WbuttiMQrMti Than sedrit were the greikea on b. ground feire, 

■ MoiuiiotiniT 5156 Besyde tenydoa truly, to tolke of hor dedia. 
Ordant by the emperowr opunly to holde 
A connsell in the oaae, ■wttA knowyng to all. 
And procede on hor pwrpos, u pnee men 
of wer, 
SI 60 When the eouemyna aasemblit were, as I said 
uiC^d^wdtbt Agamynon, the goiwmoar, graithit hym to 

»-*"■ speike, 

To fo worthy thi^ wordis warpit anone : — 
•Nobtaiin! "Noble sirs, in this note bit nedis tb to haue 

nBrthinfo^ fil64 ffode tOl ourfoike, the formaat of other, 

fcrourHldUn; , , , , , 

pat no hongur ya happyn to haime in our werre, 
While oui bueriies in batell abideu here stille : 
(jat we faint not in fight, ne feble of strengbt. 
■Qdionppif 15168 And mytyll ia the mete so mony bus haue, 
■•muMhusii If we aball proffet witA proues, or auyfose wyn: 

fTor JiBTO AS failes the fode, faint is the pepull ; 
And fere hongur is bote, bertis ben febill. 
Tiimigi^iMiu 5172 (jerTore, highly in bast, I hold for )» best. 



If ye deme it in dede, Dukes and other, Book xiir. 

J)at we mightily to Meaaam ouf men send, ™i " »" ™ * 

To feccho VB som fode, or we firre paseeL otftn ve pw 

0176 In fiat prouyns is plenty all of pn'se vitell, in thu praviu!* 

Of coTne, & of catell, & mony kyd Bewme ; ■bundugi of 
Jjerfore, sone let vb Boud sum of our folke, JJ^""^*^ 

Worthy to wale, & wiae of hor dedis, ^ "*" •"^^ 

6180 To trie of the trewist, & tume into ship, » miirtiu ri»r^ 

And set forth to the se wi'tft soudiours ynow, tnn^Be*, 
Paa to ])at p-ouyns, preeo to fe londe. 
And make puruiaunce plentie, while preae lastie, 

5184 That may cum vs, by coarse, to comford our oet, tw- •' •■) 

And abundantly bioght witA buemea betwene, Vitaiaititjniii 
ffor to ataU our ostate and our strenght liold." 
When fia counsell was kyd, he carpia no ferr, 

S188 Was alowet witA the lordia, &aRfe ledis after. Th* prat>cw>i ti 
By asaent of po sousrains, & sithen of all, Ashnin'imii 

Achillea was chosyn chefe of pia erend ; oam foniM 

And Thelephue, fat tother, ton to his fere, '"'™- 

6192 Was Erculea aune eon eldisl; for aothe. 

))es aaaignet for [« ae, witft aoudiou/s ynogh, vuh n.itibia 
And fuerae men in'fight a felle nowmber : ihmiaoi mt 

pea dreet for |ie dede and droghen to ahip, """^ 

6196 And merkit vnto Messam ■wiHi a mekyll nauy. 
In (lat yle was oneat, an honerahle kyng, 
Aa men told in hia ^rme, and Teutraa his name, 
]}at his coontre in kuit hade keppit full longe, 

6200 And regnit in rest wtt& richea ynogh. 

He hade fightyng folke fele of his owne. 

And knightef fall kene, & konyng of werre. 

Sum aain it for sothe, and for sure holdyn, soiuiaTthLi 

6204 The same yle I aaid you, Cicill is calt, aioii/. uid ■!» 

Ay abundand of bliase, & bret fall of vitaiU, dv «ruiu lun 
And menyt was wt'tft men MeseaR to nome ; " ' 

ffor a cit^ in the eame lond eo gat was cald, 

6208 Bild on a banke at a brodc hanyn. 

:ec by Google 


ffull longe, & Iat^, loiiely wiHi all, 
And a peaable port pight full of shippes, 
))at conien for come to contres aboute ; 

6213 And became of the corne, cald was it Messan, 
• i»t past &o the port to prouyns o fer. 

And sum of hit sain, & for sare holdjn, 
)]at the Cite was so calld by a snie kjng, 

5216 That biggit the biu^h bigly hym-aelujn. 

And callid it Messan be mowthe, in mynd of 

his nome ; 
But Dares, in his dyting, devlj noght t«lluB 
Of the Cit4, for Bothe, ne the selfe lond ; 

6220 But how po mighty were mode to Messan to 
fibde for to fecche to p6 felle ost. 
Som othii Cicill hit sothly myght be, 
)}at was geynde to grece, ^ea the grete yle, 

5224 )]at ferly was fei b&-)oad fele Eewmee. 

Into this prouynce past (lo pepull t<>gedur, 
Achilles the choise, and his chore felow, 
With thre thowsaad triet^ all of fro knightes, 

5228 And mony shippea full shene, ehot o fe depe, 
P&t bit into hauyn, houyt not longe. 
But bounet to ^e bonke fo buemys anon. 
Then the kyng of f e cuntre, wttA oumpany giete 
k 5232 Of fell fightyng folke, >at on fote weie, 
Past to ^ port, fere the pn'nse lay. 
The grekys, fat were gedrit & to grounde comyn, 
WttA all fere cumpany clene of the cloise 

6336 Segh the kyng of the cnntre cum hom agayne, 

WiVi fele folke -vppon fote, fat hom fray wold. 

J)ai wan to fere weppon wightly anon. 

In defense of fe folke, fai fuerely were armyt, 
5240 And girden to-gedur witA mony grym dyntus. 

Bigge was the batell opon bothc haluys, 

, Google 


Mony Mlyn were fey of ^ fell grekes, 

But mo of the meny, )iat mellJt hom tvttA. mut (ui oh bou 

5244 Jtof the grek« were giym & of grete inyght, sndu -m 

J)ai hade no atrenght to witftatonde (« Btriff of ^^^ ihur 

l)at were }»ro men in threpe, & thielyma mo. "»">'•■■■ 

pen tiie grekes hade grymly ben giid vnto dethe, 
5246 Hade not Achilles ben cheualroos & choiseof Aisniuo boui]' 
his dedis. 

He shot thuigh the sheltrone & shent of hor 'toLUn.) 
knighta SfTli^lXS 

Mony doughty were ded thurgh dynt of his hond. "" '"'""'^■ 

All fiat wamyt hym )« way he warpet to 
6252 Till he come to |>e kyng, 1>e course as hym list, 

And flaug at hym fdetsly vith a ^ne sweide ; h* mukm iht 

The haapea of hia helme heturly braat ; gnmai huAiiir 

Braid of his basnet to ^e bore hede ; 
5256 Woundid hym wickedly, worpit hym to ground. 

He waa wode of hia wit, wild as a lione, 

Wold haue brittonet the bold wttA a bare swerd. ■»* i« •t*™' i" 

kUI talm with > 

Hof vp his hond heturly to atrike, "of* 

5260 WjtA a fouchon felle to ferke of his hede, 

And Thelephus, fe tothir, titly persayuit "i™ tsi^m 

That Teutra wttA torfer shuld tyat haue his liff. •iroiK. nmvH n 
He steit vndet the stroke wttA a stoie shild, udbgpAcniuM 

6264 And keppit by course the caupe of hia aword ; i».pin.u»kirg. 
And Achilles the choise kyng cherly he prayit, 
To let the lorde haue his lyfTe for lewt^ of hym. 
That woundit waa wickedly to ]ie wale dethe ; — 

5268 pat he gnant wold godly jmt gome for to leue. 
^n to Thelsphus, ^e tore kyng, tomly can aay; — 
" What cauaea ye, by cootse, so kenly to pray, "whj.pmiiw 
This eyre for to saue, ^at is our aad eumy ; nuaKiuiiainrr 

5272 And haa wackout vs wer ^mghe will of hym 

) by Google 


Book iiiL And hAFmyt vs hoge]y vrith bis bond ODe. 

HiMiiMni 8yn he boldly witA bate fia baret began, 

um b«Bn(to Gode falthe will he first fall in hia trnne." 

6276 J»n Thelaphua tomlj talkyt B^yne : — 

" He waa a frynde tu my fader, & a fyn louer, 
Worehippit hym on allwise & his will did. 
-on» I cum Hit felle me, be foitone, forwttA ))U tyme, 

JftnunTuid'^ 52&0 Into this coste for to come, Tiiknoweii my seUe ; 
(M,git., And he worship me voithely, & his weghea all 

S^^ki^dil^i "V^t'tA gift^ fiU gay & of bis goda mekyll, 

liTta Iw^'pui Asaignet me sotteraines, siiio men ynogh. 

todwth." 5284 2it Bothely wi'tA aorow sounys to my hert. 

To Be J)at doughty be deda & don out of lyue." 
pea Achillea to fat chere choisly can aay : — 
-dbwUIi Mm " Tate hym here tyt, & tent ae ye Hat, 

^p.'™ 6288 And wirke witA >at woriJiy, as ye wele likes." 
Thns halpe he ^t hynd iro bond of Achillea, 
And dio hym fro detho, as for }at due tyme : 
ThaithibMtia Bo the batell was barly broght to an end. 

•iid,>ndT<nuiu 5292 The grekes hade }ie gre & gone into ahip, 
™ luur. And Teutra the true kyng was trust on a Utter, 

Had horn to his halle, halfe out of lyue. 
At whose prayer, full prestly, fo pjf'ae men two 
5296 Wentte witA Jurt worthy vnto bJs won richo, 
Beceyuit wi'tA ren«rence & renke of astate, 
Honouret wttA all men oneetly & well. 
And all daintethes horn digbt dere for pe nonyst. 
Hannkandtr Q300 When few dayea iaren were pe &e kyng Teutra 
HI dHth dreir Wex weika of his wound & widrit to detha ; 

™iSi S' *" ffehlit Ml fast of his fyn strenght, 

Tsiiphai. Qg jjig dgthe on hym diogh dressit hym Jwrfoie. 

530i He sent aft^r, sothely, pe aoueTsin Achilles, 

And Thelaphe, )>at tothir, vnto hia owne 

When ^ai comen to pa kyng, ^o curtes to-gedur, 
t>en fond pai pai fre febill in his bed 

, Google 


6308 All in point for to pas wiU pajnee of dethe. Bosk sm. 

Then Teutra Jo triet men tretid o Jiie wise : — wh™ u ih> point 

" Te woTsbipfull weghes, well be yoa euer, tMm-t u>n 

And gode hele mot ye haue witA hop of your °"~ 
lyuea ! 

6312 I eaj you now sothely, as my sad fiyBdes, 

My lif is not long lastand in ortlie. -i im ncnr 

Done are my dayea, I draw to an end ; „i^ u^ om^ 

And non eire of myn own neu«r yet I hade, ibuJ^ w«^ 

S3 16 )}at I my londes might leue, lynely to kepe, '*"''■ 

That I getton haue & gate wttA mocha gret (roUMa.) 

And holdyn of hard, & with my hond went 
Ynto now, fat wi'tA noy is myn end comyn. 

6320 The whiche lond I hade lost long tymes past, unaiwhwi 

_ , , , , . , , , <™ildli«v.bwn 

Hade not helpe ben of hym, was hardiest of iortioii;iei>,ba( 

,. IDrtlMlwIpaf 

othir, HdoiiiH, uh 

MoBt doughty of dedis, dteghist in armys, 

And the strongest in stoure, fiat etaer on atede 
lode, — 
6324 Erculea, )iat honerable, edist of my knightes. 

He was ))i fader bo fiierse, ^t me faithe eght, 

t)at preset at my prayer to this pure lewme, 

In hast ma to helpe with his hede stienght, 
6328 When my fos were so fell, & fuerse me ^ayn, 

)}at ^ occupiet ouer all, euyn as horn list, 

And I vnoertayn, for-sothe, to sese it on lyuo. 

Bat he eothely, hym-selfe, of his ead etienght, 
6332 Thoigh haidynes of hond & helpe of hym one, 

All my foB in fight felly distroyit ; 

Broke all Jere batells, britaed hom to dethe, 

And BO rid he this rewme of my ranke fos, 
6336 £udr sythen, for eothe, to |)is same tyme, 

And deliuert ne |iis lond, & left it is pes. 

Thus the septur & the soils rithyn haue 1 


) by Google 


Boofcint. Noght Bothely fu^h my selfe, ne my sad dedis, 

itwMbrrMir 5340 Bnt JnughetPrendship of ])i fader, & lusfrehelpe. 
(iiuawmtiw Now son, I will ray the, aa my sad tiynd, 

«(„,. Syn pi fader in fuerse wi'tA hia fre will. 

Rid me pis Rewme out of lonke Enmys, 
5344 And wan it fuU worthely witA woialiip bym- 
Hid N b«n Hade he lyuyt in lede, he hade ben lorde here, 

iw*< dmh Mn( Daly after my day, be domys of right 

MMrtit.uhu' -^^ ^7° onr goddia wold not grount grace to 

5348 This eoile & the septui pi selayn shall haue, 

ffor to reigne in this rewme by right of pi fader : 
Thus our goddes the granntte* of hor grace now. 
Tbanfon, I now Here qwemly I beqwetbe pe to be qwem kysg' 

khw oTiu mr 9352 Of all my lond«« full laige, & my lefe godis, 
youto'p™"* ffo' ^ goueme & to get, as ye good pinke : 

"J^^^™ pia I take the be testament, as my trew aire. 

(fcii. ss t.) And bryng me to berenes on pi beat wise, 

Boir ■» with 5356 As be comys for a kyng in his kyde rewme ; 
buamM B kii«." And honour me with obit as ogb myn astate." 

He wrote thus his wille, & vightlr asselit. 
And deght pen full dawlily, aa destyny wold. 
Triapbiubiititd 5360 And Thelapbus a toumhe trietly gart make, 
toSb.'Jiih'Zr™ -A riche & a riall, with mony ronke stonys. 

^J^^^l^^^ On a worsbipfull wise warpit hym perin, 

"With all the pn'ncea of pe pronyns, & othei 
prowde folke, 
6364 And socritJcee full aolemne, soche as pai vait 
He puniait a proude atone of a prise hogo. 
His course for to couer clenly aboue. 
JjOB the wegh gert write vmbe the wale aides, 
6368 WttA lettura full laige, ledia to be-holde :— 
" Teutra, the true kyng, here in tombe lis, 
)7at Achillea, with a chop, cbaunsit to sle ; 
p&t to thelaphon betakia all hia triet liewuie, 

) by Google 

6372 Bothe septnr & soile, as soui^rain to haue." 

WLan Jwa dedis were done, & the dede leuyt, 
All the lotdea of the londe, & the l^e pepull, 
Thurgh the Citis dyd aend, and )ie eoile oner, 

6376 ffor to com« to the coronyng of Jie kyde lord, iw^''""^™ 
'With honour & homage, ae aght hom of right ; "fJj^S""" 
And to coll hfin aa kyng in cuntrca ahonte, 
pa,t before, |iurghe hia fader right, fell to be 
duke, — 

6380 So cald in his cuntre be courae of hia londa^ — 
Now coronyd la the kyng this cuntre to weld ; 
Hade homage of all men, & honour full grete, 
And began for to goueme, as gome in hia owne. 

6384 ))an fild |)ai wiUi fraght all pere fuerse ahippes, rhiaraaiathn 
And atuffe of all maner store, fiat hom atrenght wttb 4U loru of 

might ; AahiiiM*" 

Wit/* come, & wttA cleae flowre, & othir kid p^p*"*""^ 

Achillea, wttA choiae men, cbefe into ahipp, 
6388 And thekphon, the tothir, wold haue tumyt Triq>h<uv«iM 

Agayne to the grakes wp'tA his grete folke, hm.^ **ioih 

In batell to byde, as a bneme noble ; '■'™> 

And be course to his cimtre comyn agayne. 
6392 |)6n the choise kyng Achilles chaunget his wille, J™' ^H*''"^ 

Spake to bym specially for aped of hom all, *•'•>' •"" '*• 

In his lond for to loi^ witA hia lege pepull, oi«k umy. 

And puruay for the pure oste plenty of vitoilL 
6396 Here at talaphoa he toke leue, & tumyt to ship, ^<<uun ukv 

And halet to the hegh ae in a hand while, uid uiia for 

Wan ))uigh the waghia, had wind at his ese ; 

Sailet on soundly, & the se past ; 
6400 To Jw gi^et Navy of fe Grekes graidly he cornea. 

At tenydon, full tomly, tumyt into hauyn, 

Lept into a litle bote, launchit to bonke ; 

To Agamynon gay tent goa on hia way. 



Ik xni, 5404 In company clene of monj kyde lords*. 

All tlie gret to hym gedrit wttA a good chere, 
Bbaniniii And welcoiuth ^t worthy the w^hea ychon, 

on*. As derreet bi-dene to {w dukes alL 

?V^2?^^_ 5408 And he tomly hom told Jie tale to Jie end, 
bo* Tii*i*m XH tlie mauer in Meaean, how fo men feid. 

m«j— ffiret, how fai faght fueraly to-gednr, 

And how thelaphna tide to be tren iyog ; 
udihitsiimir 5412 And of the canage of come comyn by ship, 
urirvL i^^^ '><> wegh suld want while the weira laste, 

Ne no fode for to iaiia, but the fulthe haue, 

Sent &o the same lend by ]»e selfe thdaphon. 
6416 All worohippit the we^h for his wale dedis. 

And he tumyt to hia tent tomly & iaiie, 

To the Mirmydouns his men, }iat mekill ioy 

And fayu«r of fat fre, )>eii any folke ellia. 

5420 Now here will I hone a litle bond qwhile, 
Or any maters mo into mynd fall, 
m. u ».) Of the Troiena to telle, & pen triet heipe, 

otthiTr^uuuid Afler Darea indityng, as I did fiiat, 

hiTi dam oftiu 6424 Of the GrekM, Jmt gedrit to the gtete naay. ' 
°™^- Sone wQl I aay, & in the same kynd. 

What kynges fere come of conntres aboute j 
What DukM by-dene, & other derfe Erlea, 
6438 Jwt aoght to fe Citie with hor sad belpie, 

ffor to comford the kyng w/tA hor cant pepull. 
Here nem will I now the nomes by-dene, 
And the aoume of the sondiours, er I sue forrs. 


5432 Of the worthy to wale, as the writ ehewee, 
The kyngM fere come out of kyde londys, 
jMt hold^-n were of hom, as fere beds loidd^ 

tv Google 


WitA thw thowsaund fro men, ]iriuoimd in Pocmii. 
armjs. ^>* i*'*) ungi— 

6436 Pendragon the pert, priatly was on, Tbabn, ud 

And ThaboT, ^t tother, a tor man of BtKoight ; wttii mm dmb. 

Adasthoa the doghte, fat deife was the fiid. 

And of a cuatra, vaa cald Colophon to some, f™^ caacian 
5140 )}at ^ro was & full all of fre tovuee, Ui«iudMM 

ffotire kyi^M fere oome wttA a cant pepull, ™^ 

WttA ffTve thowsaund full, all of fya knighte*. 

To acoimte of fe kynga^ — Caias waa on, 
S444 And Nestor, another, to nenyn of fo eame ; 

The thrid Ymasus, yrfiill, ^or of wille, 

And Amphymacus, f6 fooit, a felle mon in 

Out of Lic4 come lyoeU )ie lege kyng Glaucon, mm Ljd> oum 
S446 WitA his son Serpidon, a sad mon of strenght, nBanwiiiiiwdui 

Jjat to Priam was pure sib, a priee mon of dedM, ™»'"* 

And fK thonsaund tiiro knightes fnltj in 

Out of Xiachan, a lond, come a Ught kyng, Vnn L4»idm 

0452 Euphymiu the fiieiae, fell of his hondes, ud capUn wHb 

And CapiduB fe kene, — kyngev were bothe utb^h^ 

With a thonsaund ])io men prifto in annys, (M-m*.) 

And fyne hondrith fern all of fyn knighte*. 
6466 There come of a contra, cald was Tebaria, rno Ta^ii* 

On Bannuf, a bold kyng, and broght witA hym- Smj^i^™' 

))re thousannd |ito knighted, )>riuoand in wen« : 

And seven Etles, sothely, in hie sort w«Te, in ui anpur 

6460 And fooie DokM dughty, & of dede nobill, ud (m mba,- 

)>at to Priam the prtse kyng all were pnie eyb. rriun!* " 

All hor colonn'a to ken were of olene yalow, 

Wt'tAonten more in the mene, or mellit wttA 
6464 To be knowen by coarse thn^he the dene ost, 

As bold men in bat«ll, and of breme will. 



_bm*xiil Out of TtsBj Jure como J»e tm kjng, wit/i a 

Fnnnnindi (jjet pepulL 

tuna PInu, Um "^ * ^ 

king, <Hth mur Ptuloii the fUeise, viitk tele men of armys, 

Dnkt (AiuBH) t>468 ]}at is out m the Orient^ honorable fake ; 
■nd iM kniguiL And a Duke ^t was detfe & of dede felle. 

With a thoueaud ^ro men, & pn&y of Iiond, 
And a hundtith hole all of liia kn^hte*. 
pno PBonii 5472 Out of Fayaon com priat FricomyBses the hyn^ 
pjrsahma ud And a Duke, ^t was derfe, & his dere cosyn, 

wHb MW n^** i'^'' Btitbe was & store, & Stupez lie heght, 

WttA ))re tbowBaund ^rist^ frepond in werre. 
S476 ffor his kyugdom was dene clustrit with billes. 
All msrkyd with mounteyns, & wi't/i mayn 

And no playne in no place, ne plentie of vales, 
)}ere auntrid horn oft annswaie to lutae 
0480 Of mowmenttfif in Jw merke, Jiui^lie might of )>e 
)Mt wttA gomes of fe ground, godd^ were cald. 
And mony meraell to mete, & mysshapou bestes. 
prmiBiiiijiiii Out of Bsyten broght bold men two, 

hitimtbgi G464 ))at were kynges in tbe costo, and also kyd 

Epljtopbai vltli * .1 

IWD knighu tffettier, — 

On Boetes, )iat was bigge, & bis brotber Epbistnu. 
And in hor company come knightes a tbowsaund. 
(U. H M That is ont in tbe ori^it the vtmast syde : 

6488 ffull b ))at &e lond all of fyne spices. 
prompi^uigniu Out of Paffl€^D, — fat pight is in tbe playn est, 

^^^^^^ And is Bet on a syde >ere >e sun rysea, 

^'■■^ And 80 ferre out of folke, ^t no freke aese, — 

6492 Come the richest renke, ]iat reigaod in Erthe, 
On phitmene, a freke full of fyn gold, 
Botbe of gemmes & Juollis, Joly for fe nonest, 
})at fondon are in Ev&atos & ]>e flode Tyger, 
0496 )}at passyn out of peradis )nirghe the playn 

) by Google 


He broght to pa bui^he, all of bold knightes, BookxiiL 

Two thowaand Jiristie & fro men of wiUe. h» brought u 

Iche shalke hade a sbild shapTn of tre, vmian, wuh 

6500 Wele leddrit o lofte, lemond of gold, ^li^ud with 

Pight fall of prise Bloaya vmbo tho pure aydes. ^omt ''™*" 

This Fbilmen, fis fre, was a fuerse man of shape, 

Of la^nea & lenght no lease fan a giaund. 
fi504 Of More Ynda come Morion, a mighty kyng alse, '""' fiihiopi* 

WitA F«rses, a proude kyng, and a pert knight, "ii p«w wiui 

Wi'tA Dakee full doughty, and derfe Erlea mo, i^ris, ud moo 

|)at subiect irere sothely to f e eame Peraes, 
6508 Wi'tA Jire thoweaund fro knightea, frepond in 

And Symagon, sothely, com wM the same kyng, 

pat was mighty & moafull Morions brother. 

Out of Tiie eome Theseus, trist6 of bond, *'™™ tjt, ouh 

S512 And Aiehillacus also, bat was hia aune Bon, ti<i»ii 

Witft knigbt6« in hor company, cleno men a lowknigiiu. 
thowBaond : — 

He was cosyn, by courae, to the kyng Priam. 

Two kynges )iere come of a clene yle, ytm uu iiiud 

5516 ))at Agestia, fegrooudgeuyn is to nome. twokingii^* 

(Of Jnj kyngeg, fat I carpe, know I no nomos ; no ^1^^. 

ffor in f is boko, of f o bold, brenyt are none) 

)}ai bro^t to fe burghe, buernos a thoweaund, 
6930 And two hundrith by tale, all of triet knightes. 

There come of a kyngdome, callid is Belisaur, From tii> 

Of an ylo be-jonde Amyaonea, an abill mon of S^^" 

wit. (M.Ma.) 

^ aiHEplit^ifau 

A discrete man of dedis, diyuen into age, wiuiioooi«oj 

6624 And a sad mon of eciens in the seayn artis, — 
Epistaphus, to prene, was his puie nome : 
He bright to f e bate of bold men a thoweannd. 
And an archer an ugly, fat neuer moo hade senc. "d'A 
6538 He was made as a mon fro fe myddell vp, umber,'- 

And &o the nanyll by-ueithe, vne an abill horsey hdMooa. 

, Google 


°™fc ^tit- And couert as a capall, all the corse oner, 

HUbodf «• ffro be bed to be hole, herit full thick©. 

oonndwlUi think ' f "^ 

bidtiudiii* 5532 His Ene flammet as the fire, or a fuerse low, 
■ um In,' fferfull of fase, & hade a felle loke, 

})at fe Giekee oft greait & to grem brogbt. 

Mony woundit ^at wegh & warplt to dethe, 
S536 ffor he was honmoQ of tbe best, & bold of his 

Ths nmnbar of The nowmbur of bee noble men, bat I nemmyt 

■■• njt*9. baue, 

tjat come wM thes kynges and otbei kyde Dal(e«, 
■WitAonte Pnatns pouer of his pn'se lewme, 
5540 Were threttj thoweaimd fro knightes Jriuond 
in armjs 
And two, for to tell, f at to f>e tonne soght, 
ffor to coraford fat kyng & his canae forfer. 
Syn fe world was wioght, & weghia perm, 
■ 5541 Was nener rod in no Konians, ne in ronke bokfif, 
tna^ t<i«iMr. g^ j.^^^ fightyng follce in hor fuerse yowthe, 

Of knights & clone men comyn to-gedor. 
Of tried men & trusty, fat to Tioy come. 
whUemtiuiid* 5048 And of the greke*, fat were gedrit in a grym oat, 
thtnwutii* Of knighthede to count fere was the dene 

ffor to wale fnighe the world, as fo writ tellis. 
Wo so staris on f is stoij, or stodis ferin, 
5553 Take bode on fe barmys & the hard lures I 

What mighty were mamt, & martrid to dethe ; — 
Of kynges, & knighta*, & of er ^de Dukes, 
That faire lywes hero lost for a light cause ! 
5556 Hit is heghly to baue, & of hert diyoe 

Socbe sklaundur & skome, fat skathis to mony ; 
And mene vnto mokenes for fe more harme I 

WDfId began had 

) by Google 

xiiij Bolt. l^otD t1)e (JEtHts^ sailet fcom 

Smsboti to Sesese tlje Cite o£ Ecog: SnD of 

fstcon&t figfit at De ^Tiuaill. 

SrESSE trill I duly to dem of my weik««, 
6560 How thai wenton to werre, tho worthy to-gedur. 

Er pai twmyt fro Tenydon, & token fe ae, Sr^^Sl^ 

Palomydon, theproude kyng.presit into liauyn, — P«ira»a" «iibi 
That was Naulns son J» nohle, & his next aire, — m •hip^ 
056i WitA xzx" shipper full ehene, shot full of 
ffiill onest & abill of his owno land. 
At wose come all the kyngea kyndly were fayn, 
jMit were heuy to hym for hoayng so bnge ^ ibl^h'™™ 

5568 WttA ansoi at Attena, ben all were aseemhlit: ^\- , 

f, ......», f ' h« limd bnn kept 

And he excuset the skathe, fat he skape might, " a*™ thrmgii 

fibr sore aickenea & sad, Jiat hym selfe folet. 

)}is Palomydon was pert moo, & prise of his 
5572 HewasgretewitftthoGrekM, &godel;hotiourit; 

Soi he was moat full of men, & mighty of 

Bothe of fuersnes of fight & of fre counsell, 

And of Eiches full Rife, & rankiat of knightw. 
B576 ))ai prayet pat prinse, all Jo pWae kynge^ 

To be close in hot cause for his clene wit, 

And he graantid full godely all witA glad chere. M^promnwio 

All thonkid hym fo thmt^, ^ly to-godur. - «■« 

., CJooglc 


6580 Then tlie grete of the Grcke« gone into coonsell, 
Eov )iai best might in bat«U ^ burgh to 

And )>eii p&i ptirpast horn plainly, in tho pure 

[ ITor to dresse for fat dede, er pa day Bpnmge. 

6584 But the fiireikes wers ferd of hor tn shippija, 

fibr to caiie by the costs, & knew not the waches; 

Or to remeve fro rode for rokkes in J» se, 

Or to wjn to |» vallea, wacbid, horn thoght, 
5588 ffor Iob of bor lyues and hor lefe knightes : 

And 80 |iai put of ^t pwrpaa, & past to another. 


When all connseU were kyde and carpit to end, 
)jai didyn after Dyamede, & demyt bit )ie best, 
1 5592 j3nt said horn fall sadly all in softe wordes : — 
" Yc worthy to wale, wonder me thinke. 
Of our dedis so dull why we dure hero I 
Now ie jepely & ycre yarket to end, 

S59G Syn we light in this lond & Ic^get onr aeluyn, 
And nouw dressid, no drogh, to no dede ferre ; 
Ne BO hardy, fro pis bauyn to hale on our foa, — 
ffor to tumc vnto Troy, ne on Jm toun loke. 

5600 What dede bane we don, or dryuen to an end i 
Or fo fanw in our faro fortherit our aeluyn t 
But ortid onr Eutnys, & angort bom noght ; 
I Jfade bom wiser of werre, ware of our dodys, 

5G04 And by eompas to caste to conqnere va alL 
We sothely haue aene, & our selfa knowen, 
Syn we come to ))ia coste & cairet no fene. 
The Troiena bane atiret bom wttA myche tor 

5608 p&m Git6 to sane, and bom selfe also, 

WttA new wallU vp wroght, water before, 
And pals haue [uii pigbt, witA pittls and covhb. 



And other wilis of werre wroght foe our sake, »"*' 

5612 That in&7 hast va to harme, & biiidur OUT epode (W"! 
WiVi all fere fat may forthir, & filayn our 

]}ai holdyn vb vnfaardy horn for to n^h, 

Or TTttA note for to noye now at f ia tyine : 
5616 And ay the fonsr bat we &r our fore opon ThtiongH 
longe, «.«p™ 

The more we proonie oar payne & onr pnre """ 

J)ia I hope in my hert & holly belene, 

Hado we aailit all aomyn to Jte Cit6 euyn, h*' «• •*" 

5620 In onr course ae we came, & cast ts fwrfore, dtr, we mia 

We ahuld lighUier hane laght f e loud at our ,J^.™ 

Or any we hade ben wafre, wonen of ship 

WitAoatan hnit other harme to bane in the 
5624 Or any lede to be lost, or hor lyue tyne. 

Now are the war of cur werke», wetyn tb at iioiiii»r«ri 

Va will gayne mykell gieme er we gronnd hane : 

And ay the aer fat we sit our aore be Je harder. 
6628 Tberfore, sothely me aemya, yf ye BO wille, Timfar*.! 

bat we dresse to onr dede when be day rHOjruiii: 
eprynges ; ■ 

All rode, aray for our ebippaa, 

Icbe wegh in his wede, as hym well likee, 
5632 All bonne vnto bateli on bia best vise. 

Kow forths in a rape right to the banke, ^IJ"!)!*! 

Ti» vnto Troy, tary no longor ; up ow pmi 

And monly witA might mere vnto londe, 
5636 The ground for to get, gayuia vs non other. 

If tbe Troiens witA tene tttme for to fight, iriba -n^. 

We wynnyt not of water but witA wight ^^^"i 
stroke*; b^ii^i 

) by Google 


BwaifT. And iritA fightjng full fell wi't/i a foeree pepull, 

6640 To set vp on yehe eyde vppon sere haluys, 
■niB^att, <wiT )}erfor, laose of our lyuya, leiig ve not here ; 

5?ii'2^ ami ^"' **f ^ purpoH, prese on our gate ! 

*"■"•**■" This bus duly be done, dem we non other, 

5644 8yn we wyn to our wille be no way elUs." 
»a wtrt jimni All plefflt the prtnae witA his prtee wordes, 

(fci, 88™°" And the dom, fat he dulte, duly was kept 

»^^JJ»wjji'™* When the dei^e vaa done, and the day apronge, 

uitj-imkti) 6648 All the renlw* to low redyn hor ahippea, 
Ualit out of hauyn to the h^h see. 
There plainly thaire purpos putto an end. 
Who &re ehuld be-fore, of fio felle hyngei, 
6653 And wo kepit his cours for to coire after, 

Thus demyt thes duke« on the depe water :— 
"lui'fc™^'"^ A hundrith of hede ahippea to hale on before, 

udaiiHxtior Sadly to eaile on pa salt wagbee, 

uh (DRn; m 6656 WttA banew o brede bret for fa werre ; 

The fotcastGls full of fuetce men of annys, 
WttA shot & vith shildis shalkes to noy. 
tiH,notb«r Anojier hundrith, anon, negh sone aftur, 

himdnd! uidUH 6G60 With sailes vp set on ))e same wise, 
!^ua.. All wrogbt for the wene & wight men feria. 

)7en folowet all the llete fast oponon, 
Enyn kepyn hor course, as f ai kend were, 
5664 Tumet euyn to ]>e tonne, tariet no lengur, 
Till o sithen fia segh ])e Cit4 at bond, 
Wb« thtriHcti And the bonke* aboute to be bare walles. 

Ihadl^.thanlU ' 

■ndnpp^i Then ^ tumyt hor tacle tomly to ground, 

lonnd; unii itu 6C68 Leton sailes doun slide, slippit into bote«, 
ihhj" Launchet vp to the lond lynele bedene, 

Bnemes bnskit vnto bonke ; bold men in hast, 
Thoght fa ground for to gete, & no grem suffer, 


SiuIirSS' S^'^2 But the Tioiens, truly, Jies tourfer bchdd. 

, Google 


How the fflete of Jiere foa fell to fe bonke, Bwfltirr. 

And armyt horn [at] all peces abill to fight j nuking for ti« 

Lepon vpon liglit horses, lappit in stele ; maDniinc ibrir 

5C76 'WttAoatea leue of the lege, or )ie lefTe prince, down to piavi^i 
Bowet BUyn to ))e banke or J>ai bide wold ; ° °*' 

Out of rule or sray laungit on lenght. (foi. sb \) 

The Greke« in the gret ahippee graidly beheld, ma orwiu 

5680 Segh the pepntl bo pkintiouso, presaund in ^tta^ 

arm™. TruJuBi 

The bonke to forbede, bold men ynow : 

Thai hade mcrnell full mekyll in hor mynd all. 

To ae the goosraaunce graithe, & the grete cheie, 

6684 How wisely )>o werriours wroghten Yodur ehild. 

There was no Gi«ke so gtym.neof so gretwille^ ■ndt.riunH 
Duist abate on ))o buemea, ne to bonke stride ; burt"" 
Ne afibise hym witA fight to ferke out of ship. 

5688 But for horn gaynet no ground to get at [le tyme, 

But ]iurghe stuenght of strokef, & of strong fight, swing tiwra ■» 
And wttA batell full big on a bieme wise, bntbytiiid 

Jjai annyt horn at all peces all the oat well, SSu^^bim 

5692 Wonyn to fare weppons wyghtly by-dene, mdarirauT* 

And ^rdyn vp to fe ground wi'tA hor grete **^ 

Frotheseolon the proude, of Philace was kyng. 
He was formast on fiete with the fiist hondrith, PntBiiBu w» 

6696 pat boldly to bonke braidis to fight. tbot-, tmtM 

But hia shippes were shent wj tA a aharpe wynd, Ihl^™„ ttw 
Gird on the ground wttA so giym wille, "**■ 

Till ))ai Tut on a Bocke, & rent all to peees, 

5700 Jiat mony was mard & tlie men drowuet : 

Vne Bunkyn in ])0 se mony sure knighteu. MujofbiiBra 

And who, fiat lacchit the lond wt'tft the lyf ^en, and tiwH vbo' 
"Were takon witA the Troiens & tymet to detho, S^^"*^"" 

6704 Martrid Si mnrthrid, manglit in pesos. 

J^en the fight wex foil )>o fuerse men amonge. 



Of Arowes & Awblastots fe aire wex tlticlce^ 
5708 And dyiuiyt wi'tA dyutea, J»t^ delto were pcA 

tyme. , . ^ 

:'•'—- The jyiiela wex red of the Tonk e bloda, 

f)ai were slayne in the slicche, & in alym 

There aothely was aene what aoiow & pyne, 
6712 And how balfall & bittur the banko was to wyn. 

How the gtdkea were gird vnto grym dethe, 

Sever red was in Bomanee wttft no renke yet. 

That any weghes in the world, ^at to werre yode, 
6716 WitA Eoche baiet, fro ^e bote Tuto bank wan, 

Aa hit happit here wttA so bard fight. 

But the Bccund sort sotbely, ]Nit sewet hom 

Were graither of gonemaunca, grippet hor sailea^ 
5730 And light vnto lond lynely and eotmd. 

More wisely Jai wroght f urgh wamyng befotet 

pei preset vp proudly wi'tft panys in bond, 

In refut of hor felowes, )iat were fonle mart ; 
5724 And the Troiens tyt tumyt hom agayne, 

fibr-bode hom the banke wttA mony bale dintes. 

))ai braid to pen bowea, bold men in hast, 

With alblastia also atlet to ahote, 
5728 WitA big bowea of brake bykrit fnll hard, 

Laccbet on ^e ledia, ^at on lofte stode, 

Hurt hom full hidiously, huilet hom abake. 

There were ded of }io dynte^ mony derfe 
5732 The shalkes for )ra shot ehont fro fo banke. 

And the grekd« vp gird in a gret nowmher, 

fiell faersly to fight, & hor felowes halpe, 

j3o |)at left vpon lyne, Jwf ^i lyte ^Te^e. 
5736 J)ea gird ]iai to-gedur with a grym tare I 

ffnll fell was the £ght wi'tA |)0 fuorse troiens. 

Fretheaaelon, pe prtse kyng, preuyt bia strei^ht, 


There woodnfiilly wrogbt hia w^hia to Wpe ; J*"* mt- 
5740 Mony Troiem witA tene tytnyt to groond, *^'*!^1^ 

Thnigb Bv«p of his ewoid swsltyn belyne 1 udm don 

Mony doDghty T«ie ded TttA dynt of im hood, ti^uu. 

And myche fortbeiit his feria in hoi fell augur ! 
6744 Hade not the freike ben so faeise wHA Jm fell am temmmn 

Qnlki hid bnn 

dyntM, m don lot 

All the greke> bode ben giid Tnto grym dethe, ""^ 
And all Ifftttnet yche ben, ^t were to banks (u.n».) 

Bat what fortberit hia fight, ^ he fell were, Bm wtut omid 

5748 WftAseTenthowaannd^men^rongento-gedni, im bb .oiiirt 
Jwre a bondzitb hole were on a hepe eomyn mjusr 
All triet men uf Tray fat bom tene vioghtl 
Mony dyntte* full dedly dolt were anon [ 

5752 The Gieke> were gird doun, & or ground lay, 
Mony ewonyng; & Bwalt, & in Bwym felle. 
The greke« were eo gienyt, & to grom broght, 
)}ai wold fayn haue ben forthe, fled on bor way, r*iR mnid ti>» 

6756 Bttt no wiae might fo veghia wyn into ahip; tm^i^^^M*' 
Ne to lepe 6o |« lond into ^ low se, '"*' 

Hit waa not holaom foi bom, eo bard waa the 

Horn was lener on (w lond leng at bor aunt«r, 

6760 And be brittnet in batell, >en burboll in the flod. 
}>ai fell fiieraly to fight, fo few ]iat ^en were, 
And put all fen pcuer, pynyt bom sore. Tbar "••^ * 

The Tioiens dong bom dom in the depe slithe, Tn«Hw.wiis>a 

5764 Mony lost bor lyuea, & light in the water, uwm bue iba m. 

And were ded in the depe wiUonten dyn more. 
The might was eo mekyll of ^o mayn Troiens, acub uht nnu 
Jiai bade no strenght to wttAatond, ne hor stid coiih. bn m 

holds, nlUalhm; ud 

6768 But all borne were Jui backe to fe buame syde, JJ|^JjJ^^||^ 
And bade d^bit by-dene witA dyntte* of bond ; 
But Arcbelaus in annya auntrid to banko, 

:ec by Google 


BcBfcxiy. And fell vnto fight his feriB to helpe. 

5772 Now faatell on Iwnt ^ buemee betwene, 

The gtevans was giet )io grekes among ; 

Assemblit were sono ^ same in ])e figbt. 

And restorit full stithly Jio stuff of Jw grekea. 

5776 ffell was the fight & fueree horn ^^ynes, 

And mony deghit wjtA dynt of fo derfe pepull : 
Mony harmye fai hent er hor helpe come. 
"""o.^^^S^ J*®° Nestor anon neghit to lond, 

thtbuiif, 5780 With his shippis full ahene, & sharpe men of 

udiuiKdinu Hard hastid to helpe wttA hetorly wille, 

And sodainly with his sort soght into batell t 
Speiris into sprottw epronge ou«r bede ; 
5784 Arowes Tp la the aire ysshit full Jtloke ; 
"^^"iuiihi Swordia, wi'tA swapping, swaruyt on helmee ; 

•hniu of swB The dede, vndttr dynttes, dusshit to ground ; 

Cloudis witA the clamowr claterit aboue, 
5788 Of the dit & >e dyn, ]iat to dethe went 1 

Prothenor the prise kyng, & proud Archelaus, 
Mony tolke of fie Troiena tymyt to dethe. 
AidiMjbvM ud j}ei) Aficalua & Alacue auntrid to land, 

uid oniuiig wtih 6792 And aryueu full rad witA Jwre rank ahippes : 
drin um TnjHu Vfith pen pouer full prist past fro ^e water, 

Bnisshet into batell, & myche bale wroght. 
So felly in fbre foghtyn fo two, 
5796 Obacke went the batell of >e burghe folke ; 
But frtnh troop. But bere were fule other fresshe, bat no fight 

amu DP, Hid Ihtr ' ' I a 

ngaln Ui>lr tOUCbll^ 

J)at gird into the grekes wilA a grym will, 
And all backward hom here to fa bnenie sidsy 
5800 )}at foi from ^e flode might no freke wyiL 
uijnnHidhia Then Vlexea come vp vne Wi'tA hia foiko, 

mon Uiau Uad . '^ 

tnd ™ii upca lb* Wan out of )« wat«r & hia weghia all, 

*"'"'■ And biaid intt' batell witA a brem wille. 

6604 Sharpe was the ahouie the sheltrun [amonge] t 



The Grake* gettm hor ground, {lat [graidly was b»'' h^' 

lost], '*• OfBtta, that 

And mjche comford horn UiQ cij]ni of )iat kene i^npvoDdi 

knight] 1 
lloDj wonndet ^ wroght, [and warpit to dethe] 1 

6808 VUxes with vttemTmse Tikder [his shild], duun^^dir 

Mony stithe in etoare Btroke on [|iere helmea] ; '^^^^^^ 
Laonsit, as a lyoan, Jwit were [lengcn aboute], jj^™™nn. 
And of the ffiigies fell with [his f uerse dinttes] ; t^ *" >-) 

5812 Sam he stroke in tbe stouie streght to J>b erthe; 
Sum dange to the dethe, & derit full mjkyU. 
The prood kyng of Fafligon persayuit his dede, — ■ 
One Fhilmene, a fireike of the ferre halue, — !|^bu^u 

5816 He gitd hym to gronnd witA a gijm speire ; i«««»'>ta. 

And he fell vppon foto, ^ht vi'tA the kyng. 
And Fhilmene the fuerse, wttA a fell dynt, 
Vttrid VUxes Tne in the place, 

5820 l>at hit shot {iron^ the ahUde & |ie shire maila. 

To ^e bare of ^ body, ])at the blade folowet ; duiud m th> 
And he gird to ]>e ground witA a grym. hurt, iroondi boi"™* 
Hade no etiengbt for to stond, jet he stert vp, t^i '^ 

5824 And frusshit at Fhilmene -witJi a fyn launse. ^'o^^J,",! 
Wi'tA all themi^t & themayn, Jwt the mon hade, ^^J^™ ^ "" 
He hit hym so hetturly on h^h on the shild, 
))at he bieke fmiffh the burd to the bare throte ; 

5828 Hurlet Jmrghe the hawbe^h, hurt hym full sore ; 
The gret Tayne of his gorge gird vne yaondMr, 
)}at the &eike, vitA the frusshe, fell of his home, 
Halfe ded of the dynt, dossbst to ground. 
■ 5832 The Troiens for yat tulke had tene at hoi hert ; Tba rnjiu <ing 
Kayron eayn to the kyng, caght hym belyne ; gn^a ind mn, 
Harlet hym fro horefet, had hym away. u^J^ ""^ " 

[He] for ded of )« dynt was diest on his shild, 

5838 ^And bou]me on the boide to )« burgh bom ; 
[For the de]thB of ^ia duke doll woe ynogh 
[That trublit Je] Troiene witA tene, tn'st ye no 

) by Google 


; [Mf che harm to )>em] happit heie at ^ia tyme ! 

6610 [The Grekes were] bo grym ])at were to ground 
[UoQjr dukea were] ded of pe derfe Troiens. 
[ptxi Toa]x of Toil6 Telemon the kjng, 
[Agamynon, &] Aiaz, & all ofer ahippis, 
6844 {ComQ launchond to] lonnd and hor lordee all : 
And Menelaua the mighty, & hia men hole, 
• ffull radly arofe, raiked to loud ; 

■lie Halet vp horses, highet olofte ; 

ihi SSiS And fellon vnto fight fem feres to helpe, 
pat were strongly be^tad in a stonre hc^e. 
To the Troiens J»ai tifmyt & mekill tene wroght I 
The frusshe was so felLe, fo fueise men betveoe, 
S852 Crakbyng of cristis, cnushyng of speiris, 

The clynke & fo clamour claterit in the aire, 
And witA dyntt« of derfe men dynnet the erthe ; 
Mony Troiens wttA tone were tymyt to ground, 
5856 Sum ded of )io dynttet, mm depe woundit ; — 
Bestoret the etithe batell strongly anon, 
And mony dongen to dethe of the derfe Troiens. 
Then Protheeaalon fo pn'se kyng, ^at preaet to 

n tha buua to 6&6Q ffirst in the forward, ^t his folke lost, 
^ uut« on Um ^g ^g^ ^gjy for-WToght, ii wonndet full sore, — ■ 

Hade Ubnrt ao looge, hym liet for to rest, — 
And bowet bo the batell to )ie bonke side, 
5861 ffor to beld hym on ])e bent, & his btethe take. 
And sithen he soght to ^ se enyn, 
])ere )M fight was first, & the folke dronnet ; 
n m ■»> Pen he plainly porBayuit his pepull were ded,— 

pgrUH^ b* 5868 (Mt no lede of ^t loidet vppon lyue was. 
i^g^Tud Soche a Borowe of fat sight sanke to his hert, 

■- ^t his wedis wez weto of his wan teri^ 

And he, stithsly astonyt, gtert into yra ; 
5872 More breme to fe batell his baret to vmge, 


) by Google 


Of hia folke fat were iallyn vnto fell dethe, »">"'■ 

Hard bighet vnto lioree with a hert ^ro, 

fforto felle of {» ffrigiea felly he )K>ght. 
6876 Ouon wi'tA a naked sword neghit to bateU, Buuag uBidiut 

Vne wode of his wit as a wild lyon, ««b)'. 

Mony bieme on fe bent brittoned to ground. (iol >i t.) 

Hony kild the kyngin hiscleneyre! soidownigrwt 

5880 Myche tene (te Troiens tid of his bond ! '"'* 

Then Feraes the pronde kyng prise mon of ynde, 

'With a hatell of bowmen fro the burgh come, 

And wttA a femet iare fell to )>e stooreL > 

6884 At whose come the cuntre-m^i comford were alL i** Tniimi niun 

And restoret the stithe fight etnemly agayn ; in> um om/u 

As &8sebe to ])ere fos as at the first tyme. 

Gild to the Grekes, & moche grem wroght; 
6888 Wonndit horn wikkedly, wait horn to groond, 

Oppresset bom wttA pyne, put horn abake, 

AH the hatell to pe bouke, & mony bueme slogh. 

Pen the grekes hade ben giymly gird vnto dethe, bo ft* um utiti) 
6892 Ne hade Palomedon, the prise kyng, pierat to UMrwmuiwn 
lond, fc-i-.™,-!. 

WiUt fele fightyng folke of faeise men c^ armys ; 

Halet Tp horses hard out of bote, 

"Wonyn on wighUy, wentyn to hatell, 
5896 Hia folke to re&esshe -with a fyn wtlle. 

The assembly was soi«r o )>e se hanks ; 

Mony deghit foil demly, dole to b»-holde ! 

Then the grekes agayne geton jwre herte>, Tn* ondn ihm 

6900 . And mycha comford kaght of his come fon. 

This Palomydon paynyt hym pepnll to sloe. 

And mony wonndys he vn^bt in bia wild yre. 

He soght to on Sym^on, a end mon of armys, — 
6904 Kyng Merion |re mighty was bis met brother, 

))at fele had confonndit of the fneise greket ; — 

He here to ^ bold vith a big sworde, 
. And rof ^nigh the Ribbea right to fe hert, 

) by Google 

^ BwtiiT. 5908 Jwt be feU of hia horse flat to fo ground, 
Deghit of fe dynt, & deirct no moo. 
Palomjdon preset furth into ^e prise batcll ; 
(fcL Ma.) Mony tulke out of Troy tyrnyt to dotiie ; 

udihaToch* 5912 Mony knight don cast to ^e cold erthe. 
ndu^tiutthtr All were fcrd of pe &eikc, fled of his way; 

susr u fg\a DiiKt HO bueme on hym bate for hia bold dedis. 

Myche clamour & crye was kyde In Jw ost, 
&9I6 pal the Troiens foe tene m^bt taiy tio lengur ; 
But with prise of Fslomydon put all aboke. 
And for in the fight fell hom the worse, 
Tne boun bo ye batell biiaket to flu, 
Vntill Ector eris hit Bntrid belyue 
The great noise of fie noy, yat in note was. 
He lope on a light horse lyuely enatmyt, 
And soght to ^e se banke to eocur his pepull ; 
5924 Wode in his wrathe wynnys into batell ! 
AH shone hia shilds & his ehene armur, 
Glissenond of gold witJi a glayre hoge : 
Thie lions the lord bare all of light goulis, 
6928 pat were shapon on bis shild, shalke« to l>e- 
DriTinj In uBDBc He gird to the greke* witA a grym yre ; 

cDt hu > V rt«ht In the brest of the batell, bere bnemes were 

He flrussbet so feUy freikes to ground ; 
5932 Kade wayes full wide ^e weghie among ; 

Shot thurgh the sheltrons, shent of (« pepull. 
To Frotbesseloa he preset, fat pepull hade 

And myche wo had wrogfat on pa wild ttoiens, 


■nd with ■ flwa 5936 He swappit at hym swithe wttA a aweid felle ; 
•w^ doTi mm Hit on hie hede a full hard dynt ; 

Clefe ^m^he the criste & the dene maile j 

DD.:ea by Google 


Slit hym down degfalj thurghe the alote euyrt, 
5910 Bode at tbe belt abid, and the bueme degbit 

Then leuet he the lede, launchet on ferre, 

Mony dauge to the dede wil/i dyiit of his hond ; 

Who happit hym to hitte harmyt nomo. 
59H Mony brem in the batetl britnet to detha, 

Sundrit the aoppis vusarkonly with hondes : 

All gird of tua gate, gevyn hym the way. 

Icbe &eike of ^t fitise fraynit at other, 
5948 Jtet our foike ^na felly Qjagea to ground : 

J»n pai knowen by cooree of his dene ahap, ' 

J}at it was Ector the honorable, eddist of k 
knightea. n 

Thai fled &o the fase of hia felle dyntt««, " 

6952 So bold waa no baeme his bir to wit^atond, 

Ke ^ caupa of hia kene swoid kaat bom to mete. 

Whill he bode in the batell, fa buenie witA hia 

Mony grekes wttA gram he giid to the dethe. 
0956 All failit ^ere fotse, feblit fen hertte«, i 

The batell on backe was borne to ^e se. a 

Then weiy he wex, & of hia weike bote, 

Bowet fro the batell, & hia buemee leuyt. i 

6960 The aan in his eerde set vndumethe ; 
The light wex las, be leuyt the fild, 
Soght to ^ Cit j aoberly & faire. 

Left his feria in )ie fild fightyng full hard. 

6961 Then grekes agayne getton fere hertte«, i 
fruahet )ie ffrigiea felly to ground ; t 
So hit tid hom tensiche betymys pat day. d 
But |m Troiens fall toie tui-nyt agayne, ° 

6968 fFoghten so felly, frunt hom a backe, 
Kyld mony knight^s, cacchit on hard, 
Grenyt so the grekea, fei graithet to fle^ 
Were borne to |)e banke wi'tA baret ynogh. 

6972 Then Achilles the choiae chenyt to land. 

) by Google 


With his shippts in a aheltran, & akalkes 

Gird Tp to Jie ground witA a grym fare, 
With ^re thowsaund ])ro men ^list^ in annTs ; 
6976 ffell to fie fight on a fueree wise. 

Myche tene the Troiens tid of his hond t 
1 The grekes keuriyt for comford by comyng of 

ffell was the fight fo frekes betwone ! 

6980 Mon; gird to )i6 giomid, and to giym dethe ; 
Mony lede out of lyae light on the erthe I 
The stouTQ was bo etithe fo etrong men among, 
That full mekull -was the murthe, & mony 
were ded. 

5984 The Troiena full tyte were tymit to ground : 

Thuighe A chillee cMuolry horn cheuyt the woisa 
Mony fell p&t fifako witJi his Aierse dyntt«« ! 
Myche blode on the bent, bale for to ee ; 

5988 Of myrthe & of mumyng thurgh might of hym 
Then the last of ^o lefe shippis launcMt to 
, bouke, 

And all the fighting folke fell to {w lond ; 
^ Gyrdyn in grymly into grete batelL 

6992 The multitude was so mykyll at Jw mene tyme. 
Of the grekes vppon ground, & of grym folke, 
The Troiens for tene tymyt the bacte, 
flleddon in fere, & the filde leuyt ; 

6996 All somyn to the Git4 soghten by-dene, 

With myche clamur & crie for care of hor dethe. 
Mony waichond wound, and wei6 at all, 
Mony chivalrous Achilles choppit to dethe ; 

6000 All his wedis were wete of faire wan blode ! 

As f>ai flagbe in the filde, ))e freke wM ixis hond, 
So he gird horn to ground with a grym sword. 
To Jre Cit4 fotsothe, ccssit |iai noght. 

, Google 


6004 Moche angre at the entr^ auntrid to falls, Bn* xiv. 

To tbe Troiens with tone, er )>ai toon entred. At itx gmtm at 
H;che Blaght« in the Blade, & alyngyng of hoise ! tin. n *o 
Moay derfe )iere d^hit, was dole to beholdo 1 twriM*: uii *" 

6008 ffuU myche was the mnrthe, & more hade [wre ll^'iil'Jt^ 
bene, TwinM-B^ 

^ Mid Dglptiobiil 

Hade not Troilus the tene Utrnjt to fisht, nuhriontuid 

And Paris the pn'ee wttft pepnll ync^h, 0™** 

WitA Deffebns tiie deife, of dedis full felle, 

6012 )>at fell to )« froBshe of ^ fiieise greket ; 
IsBiiat ont egnrly, angjet fiill monj. 
And so sesit the suet, so^tTn no ferre. 
The night was so nigh, noye was the more, 

601 6 The day was done, dymmet the skyes. riuatjf dona , 

The Ttoiena full tite tymyt the jates, Jtorti^"" 

Banet hom bigly wt'tA barrea of yma a^'irtiMnl 

Achillea witA his chiualera chefe to (w bonke, toumnmip. 

6020 All the gcekee agayn Agamynon vnto. 

The Emperonie hym owne selfe oidant onon, AgmnmoB 
fforto bilde vp tenttw, taiiet no lengur. him iu (I» 

Sitltea hym selfe assignet the gret ■^c^.'^^uu 

602* Placia of pawyliona, for the prise kyng« ^ °"** 

Grate tentte« to graide, as ^aire dt^re askit ; 
Ledges to las men, witA leuya of wod. 
Iche bueme, on his best wise, busket to lei^^ 

6028 ITor the night waa so neghe, noyet hom alL 
Stablit vp hoF stedis & hor stithe hones. 
On niche mano* as ftd might, foi the mene 

Asd all necessaries for )ie night, )>at Jwi nait« RMB*rii> im 

Sbuld , brought trnn Oh 

6032 ffecchit fro the flete, & ferkit to bonke. ^^ab^«d 

Thaire ahippis in sheltrona shotton to lond, """"^ '' "**'' 

Knyt hom wttA cables & wt'tA kene ancies, 
And bound hom full bigly on hor best wise. 

6036 As Agamynon the greto the gomys commaundyt. 


DdqiiU night 


Bant I IT. Brode firis & brem beccyn in Jie oat, 

"'^*di«d'"''" Torchia and tendlia the tenttes to l^ht, 

[rd.««.) That yche freike in the fild hia felow might 

6040 Alae light on to loke, as Jie leue day. 
wiiIUm ntob it Other feris opon fer the freike< witAoute, 

WitA Bkowt« wacche for skathe & Bkeltyng of 
Tiw TrotiM Uie Troiens w»tA t«iie, Jwt in the towne were, 

tiwetij. 6041 Neghit horn not negh, ne no noj did, 

But closit the clene yates, keppit horn wrtftin. 
This AgamynoQ, the grete, gaynit no slepe. 
Bis^ was the baente all the baie night, 
6048 To ordan for his Emnyes, as I ei aaide, 
fTolke opon fer, the firis wttAoute, 
ffor to wacche and to yrako tot wothis of hanne, 
"With qwiatlia, & qwes, & other qwaint gcra, 
6052 Melody of mowthe ntyrthe for to here ; 

And men of armya full mony made for to atond, 
In Boppes on sere halfe the aercle to kepe ; 
The oat out of angwr & auntwr to were, 
I^dpllMdiBiihr ^^^^ Wacche wordea to wale, pat weghis might know ; 
ti« wonnitad. ggj^ jug^ ^ agte aoundly to rest, 

pat were feblet in fight, & hade fele wounde«, 
To lie in bor lodges a littell at ese. 
AU ibraogii ihi 6060 Armet were all men foi auntur to come, 
HSj^™ Till the deike was don, & the day apiange, 

"™^ And the sun in his aercle set vppo lofte. 

This fight was the first po felons betwene, 
6064 Syn thay light on the lond : — lord gifie vs ioye I 

) by Google 

tb 38oftt. ®f tfir <&i:Dinaunce of tfie ^xaitm 
to tfie Sccunlr SSatell. 

Ector the Houenble, eriy at Mome, 

"When the Bim Tp eoght wttA bia softo beames, 

Ledar of the ledis, )iat lon^t to Troj^, 

6068 He pwrpost hia pepull witA his pure wit, 
ffoT to &Te to the fight, & the fild take. 
He soinond ail the Cit^ vppon eeie haluys, 
Euery bueme to he bonn on hot best viae, 

6072 Annyt at sU pesce abill to fight ; 

And asBembht in stid host hym eelufD befoie. 
On a place, ))at was playn, plesaund mtA all. 
There a temple was tild of tide Diana, 

6076 ffull wortbely wroght weghie to beholde. 

Thidur comyn the k/nges witA knighte« enaimyt, 
And were pertid full pristly, put into Imtell, 
By deujse of the duke, })at doghtie was aye, 

6080 As for the £ght at the fuU on the first day. 
ffor to jarpe vp the jate, he jepely comaund, 
jMt hight Dardan by-dene duly to nome. 
Of hia cosyna he cald kyde men two : 

6084 On Glaucon, a gome ^t graithe was in armys, 
(He was a knight full kant, the kyngsc son of 

And a wight mon in wer, wild of his dedia) 
And Synabor, foisothe, the secund was he, 

6088 Ector owne brother, abiU to fight. 

., Google 


i"^^"- To horn assignet the soaerain, all of sura 

*^' A thowsaund full ))ro, Jtriuaund in wer. 

Strong men in atoura, atumeet of will, 
6092 Witty and wild, waled men all 

Of the ledis of Lice & of leue troy. 
In Neptune nome & nobill goddia other, 
Bad hom wend for hoi worship tho worthy to- 

i*«>u« 6096 And pti glode forth gladly at the gntte yate, 

Tawaide* the grekea on the ground in a grym ost. 
Pea oidant Ector, of honorable knightes, 

■BHrifiH Of wise men in wer, wightly a thowsaimd ; 

S^" 6100 Betaght to Tesena, of traay was kyng, 

L»6m.) Wt'tA archilacus a choise knight in his chero 


Gof loue to ^0 lordys, let hom pas on, 
Bed hom fare to fe frakys, |)at before were, 
And Lothe in a batell as hom beat lyket. 
The aecnnd batell, aothely, fie soueran aiaiet. 
Of tbre thowaond fro knyghtia, Jpiyuo^id to- 

And assignet hom,for soueran,XantiptM pe kyng. 
And Ascane also, abill of dedye, 
pat of frigie )ie faire, )iai were £re kyngaa. 
pm be leue of f e lord, >o ledyB in fere 
Bowet to f e btode jate, hor bnmys hom vith. 
And gon toowatd ))e grekis witA a giete chere. 
The firid batell in p6 buigh, pai fe bueme made, 
Was as mony abill knyghtes, anntrus of bond, 
Of ^ tolkya of troy, tidS men all, 
Witft Troilua to tume furthe, truest of knyj^hte*. 
And ector full onestli his aune brother taght, 
WitA fayre wordis in &ythinll of hya &e will : — 
" Dere brother and daife, I dout me fiill sore. 
Lest ])i friknes so furse, in ^ fell hert, 

:ectv Google 


Brynge fe to bale for fi bold dedys ; Boot xv. 

]}at fou couet be-ouise to caire into woche, i«^ jmio 

And oaer fer on )ii foBe fore hj fi selnyn 1 
6124 I pray ^e full preatli, \rttA dl my para saole, i benechroo. d« 

J»t fou kepo }ii corse, for ease Jwt may fall, flxokhij, ' " 

And fere not witA foli onre foa for to glade, 

No wirk not vnwyly in pi wilde dedis, 
6128 )}at fii manhod be marte thuigh )ii mysrewle ; 

But bere [le in batell as a bneme wyse, 

Jjat fii fose thiugh pi foli p6 faynen not worthe, iMT«ir«iBoiai 

Me be cheryst wttft chore thuigh our chaunae cbSlJh'iriii. 

febyU ! ^-^^^ ^IJ™ 

6132 Go furthe sow wttA fortune, pat pe fayre 
happyn ! 
Onr goddis the gouerne, & soche grace leoe, (iai.w».) 

tiat Jwu the vietorio wyn, thi worship to eaue, J!im»joo^« 
And to f is Citie in sound |>i seluyn may come." ^ ^ "^""^ ' 

6136 Than Troilus tomly talket agajne : — S^^2i'_ 

"Dere 8t>, of my dedis doute no thing 1 "DoBt*iio^d™r 

W>tA grase of our goddes, in our gate furthe, gru* of our godi 
Your comaundement to kepe, as my kynd toobvjoo." 

6110 And my lord, pat is lell, my lust shalbe ay I " 
llian he past witA his pepull to the playn fild, 
Thre thowsaund thiomen, wi'tAout firepe more. 
This the bold knight bare for his br^t armys ; 

6144 All his shelde was to shew shynyng of gold, 
WttA J>re lions lynely launchonnd fierin, 
Oucr^t fuU gay, gomys to behold ; 
And so he fore to his f os wt'th a ^e wille ! 

6148 The furthe bateU in the huivhe the bold knight Ti>**nRii 

arsyet, te«™ tadghH i» 

Of fell fightyng men full fiie thowsaund. 
All of knight«« full kene, kyddest in armys, 
And seven hundreth besyde, all of sure knightoi, 

6163 Vndec ledyng of a lord in Larrys was kyng, — 

) by Google 


Hnpon tho lioge, a hegh rnon of stature, 
And in batell fnll big, bold of bis hondes ; 
Dissyrus traa the Dtike in dedes of annys, 
6166 Of all the Troiens, to tell, toreet in fight, 

Saue EctoT the honerable, oddist of knighte*. 
And in his company come a kyd mon in armjs, 
On ArdelauB fiill aontrus, abill of peieon, 
pat come wi'tA the eame tyngfro his kythe riche. 
And was doughty of hie dedis, derf on a Bt«de. 
\)ea laughten fiera leua at ))e lefe prince, 
And gone to Jie grekee wttA a giym cheie, 
(m.«6b.) 6164 Soghten theaameyateBoftly togedwr; 

And on Damake, by-dene, )iat vas deie brother, 
To Ector bym owne selfe, anntrid horn witA, 
As for doghty of dede & for dere holdyn. 
JH^JJ^^f**"" 6168 The ffyfte batell of bold men, fot the bueme 

Uu ordant on Oysi-m, the honerable kyng. 

Of the ledJa of the lond the ledyng to haue, 
FoijduaH. With Folidamus of piiee, the prinses owne 

^t^i^l^ 6172 J)ea Oyeoma aU were od men of Btrenght, 
^^J^T" Maesily made, mykell aa gianntte^ 

And all )tere colonni to ken was of clene yalow, 

WttA-outen difference to deme dubbit ferin : 
6176 All Inttyn the lord & )wre leue toke, 

And foren onon to pe fild Jiaiie foe to assails. 
Tb« didi The 8exte Batell, ))at was sent fro p6 Cit£ fon, 

aompoHd n BMi Ordant by Ector [of] odmen & noble, — 

^^^^"^1^ 6180 The pepull of Poyem, witft fere pure kynges, 
ungtudsntiw. ^j Seripee, a aad Duke of the same lond, 

)»it were fond to the %ht, fell of hor dedia. 
Tii^ wan all Vnarmyt were ^ai all, aunter was the more, — 

ntUhBT tadDi nor 6184 No holmys, ns hawbeighefl, no no hard sbildes, — 

Bowmen of the beBt^ f o bnemes were all, 
■nwy •roii(bt "Well enfourmet of J» fete, & hade fyno takell : 



Houy voundis Jiai Trroght, wete ye for sothe, 

6188 Bothe o& horse & od here hannyt full mekolL < 

By ordinauQce of Ector, fma odmen to lede, ■»»■ 

Waa Deffibua demyt of hia dero brother : M^Jhli'^ 

J)en Jai lacchen fere leue at the lord enyn, ttuiiii. 

6192 ffimn to the fild wttA a fyn will 

To ))eB bovmen bold, fat of burgh went^ 
Ector did ordan od men of aimya, i^ l^rtL 

A gMt nowmber for the noneet, noble knighte* «»»« uw 
all, ™°^ 

6196 Vnder care of two kyngM, fat fai come wi'tA : cw.mj.) 

PhHon the fuerse, faithly was on, J^Jj^™ "* 

And £sdrB8 fat other, eddiat in wer, 
WitA all the gomee of Agresta, gode men & abilL 

6200 Thia Pbilon the lie tjng, bot I first nemyt, TU.P]ri«.h.d 

Hade a chariot fnll choise, as fe chalke w;t«, ttaiUit wnb 
All of yiur full oneet, oidant for hym ; taim. 

And the vhelia ftdl wheme, all of white aomber. 

6204 Couflrt witA a cloth all of clene gold, " ■" ""™> 

Dubbit full of diamoudis, & ofer deie stones, cold -t <nui 
f&amot ou«r freeahly with frBttes of p«rla. r-^-, ua 

Two dromoudarys diowe hit, dressit f erfoie, sromSaVm^ 

6208 And led it forth lyuely witA light men of armys, 
Tne full for the light, & faeise men & nobilL 
"With the kynge« in company comaund the 

His aune brother fall hold, barly to wend, 

6212 jMt hym feU on his &dei side a fighter full 
Xowther lut he fe lord, ne no leoe toke, 
But kairea fourthe wttA the kyng A his course 

The Senynt, fat assignet was the souemin before, to tba lemok 

6216 Was anntruB Eaeas, abill of person; vMt^gnta: 

In his company clene, the knightw of the lond, (tj^iDd^tior 
P»* heldyn in hede of fat h^h Cit^ u- *7. "rf ■ 



*"*^^- WitA fele fightyng folks of tie fiierae comyna, 

^^^^^K 6220 ^ were goiwmet by & gome, >at -wm gnith 
Siw*""- holdyn, — 

A fyne sqtiier & a f^ieree, — Enfemiut he hight ; 

At Ector |)ai aaket leuo, & yasuit fiirtk somyn. 
buidto!!^^ -^^ I«li«d BataU in the bu^h, |Krt the bueme 

S*ru^ UDg of Bet, 

wwwbHiwd. 6S21 Vndet Serces for«othe, the sooeraiu of Ferc^, 

WttA all the pepnll of his prcpuynce, prtae meii 

And hia brother of bind, ^t he best loned, 
Paria he put to fere pure hede, 
(foiw..) g228 And said hym full soberly, all in soft wordw, 

jKt he howset fro the bnrgh to the batell euyn, 
^BBoth^i ^^ ^® ^^ ^"'*' *" ^b''* ^'^ '*'' f^^ grelcea, 

ttii Ik ■bald b* Till hym selfo were beside for socowr at nedo. 

iwiK Uau 6232 And Paris to the pn'nse pertly aunsward ; — 

" Sir, your comaondement to kepe, I coat me for- 

Wi'tft all the mif^t, fat I may, at fie mene 

He lot hym full lelly, & his leue toke, 
6236 And past furth wtt& his pepnll to ^ playn iild. 
»ui^hI^ Tlien Ector, hym owne salfe ordant belyue, 

ilia^^iocfUii ^^ ^* batell to lede of his lege pepulL 

JjJJ^'f^^ Of the truomen of Troy & his triet brether, 

yaisM*. 6240 He toke wttA hym ten, most tristy in ver, 

And fyue thowsaund fiiens, all of fyn knighttt^ 
Wise men of were, & of wit nobill, 
ffor to &tie to pe fight vrith f aire be pn'nse. 
6244 Hyib eelfe on a sad horse surely enatmyt, 
MoanM <■ hit jjat Galathe, w*tA gomjs gyuen was to nome, 

odithMbinDt Of whose mykill, & might, & mayn Btrenght 

loMkBlS*T*Of u ^ o 

uwUi«, ui Dares, in Ms dytyng, duly me tellos. 

6246 When the lede was o loile, as hym list be, 
Armyt well at [all] peoes, as T or aaid, 

, Google 


He cures faith to ^e kyng & hie kynd fader, 

Lowtia etiTii to }e lord, & on lowde saide : — 
6202 " Dere foder, ftdl fyre, & my fi« kyng ! 

Te shall haoe in a here of hend men a thoiis- 

All of kuightM fhU kene, & kid men of armye, 

WiUi all the fotemen in fero, |iat an 
6266 Abidis here at the border, bnske ye no fer 1 

Lokis well to Jie listis, pat no lede pssse I 

If any stert vpon stray, strike hym to dethe, 

Onre Citi to sane fro our sad foe ! 
6260 I haue meBsangera wi'tA me, made for |>e noneet, 

Jiat ffor perell or purpoe ehall pae ts betwene, 

Bodword for to bryng, as we beet lykye ; — 

All tythondys to tell, as tydis ^-b in fight, 

6264 How Ts bappys to haoe, in hast shall ye wete. 
And wyaly bes ware waytys to ^ towns. 
On yche half forto hede, pat no harms fall, 
})at our foe vritA no faulehed in (le f jght tyme, 

6265 Sese not out Cil^ our eeluyn to pyne, 
Ne lob not our rychee, ne oar lyf godys. 
Be ye wayt for ^ wallis, irarden of all, on«d«iio.. 
And a post for all pereUie youre pepull to saue, "^i «> >id u 

6273 As stnf of oar etienkyth, yf we Btond hard t " pr»»i." 

)Mn Prtam to |m prinse praelly onsvait : — 

"Dereson, all be don, as fwra demyt has ! PrimoinriM:— 

I bane no hope of no halp, after hegh goddys, ifaiUbtdaDiu 

6276 But in etof of pi stienkyght, & >i styttie arme ; ^^X^, n,. 

In pi wyt, and fi wames, & pi wyght dedys, S^™ "^lu. 

Vfith )ii gouemanfie giaythe, & ^ gode rewle I 0° i niT i 

}Mrfore, prvstly I pray to oore pure sanctya, 

6280 pat pK saue pe in sound, sent to fi hele ; "w °" p°" 

Eepe p« &o cumbrause, & firo oold dethe ; umi - 

And leae me |n lyf in lykyng to se ! " 

So pe lede toke leoe, lat to hye fadar, 



Bank XT. 6284 Past fiirthe to hya pepull, & hys pas held. 
u^mTi^^'dI ^ '^^ 'wyght and wylfiill, wysyBt in batell, 

puw tank le Strongest in stour, atnnieet of other ; 

HdWHihi Euer frike to ^ ffght, &j]itid he neuer. 

SS;^,^ 6288 Leder of fe ledys, fot longyt to Troy, 

l^^^y* " Hya annys were anenond, abill to fyght ; 

Hys feld waa of ^ gold, freche to behold, 
WitJi pre lyone lannchond, all of lyght gonlys. 
6292 (ma he glod on hys gate, and hys gomya all, 
WitA hys bonera o brode, and ^e hurght paat^ 
lU.Um.) PenotiB & peneelles, prond men of ormya ; 

ffore euyn to ^ feld, and hya f eiys leuyt, 
6296 Prykyd fiirthe prsstly, past on hys way t 
ikoo^ um lut j)ot lie lengyt to ^ last, er he lene toke, 

UnabnuMt He was foundyn )>e fyrst, fat in feld stroke, 

And ^ Bonest in assembly in f» sad ffght 
6300 Ail f e worshypfull women of fe wale tonne 
rrom ibg miii, Weniyn to pe wallys, fe weghys to behold. 

waawavCTtvi, \>^ kyngys doQghter, bedene, droghin horn alofte, 

dwukinni^ Wt'tft honorable Elan, fat ar^t in herl ; 

% uS^T" " ^^^^ Myche fere had fat fre, & full waa of foght, 
luin, tcKk wH All droupond in dtede and in dol lengyt^ 

]}of Ector fe honorable had ordant hys folke, 
And bateld hoip bygly, on hys beat wyse; 
6308 Tnder gouemanse graythe, all hys grym oet 
In rewlo and aray redy to f ygbt 

Agamynon hys grekys graythyt to feld : 
Twesty hatela full bold of byg men of ormys, 
6312 And eex other beayde, all of snre knyghtys. 
PatrocluB, fe proud kyng, put to fe firet, 
> Wt'tA all fe folke, fat hym folowet, and fele 

Achyllea choiae men cheuyt hym wttA ; 

■ 6316 Hym-selfe fore to no fyght for hys fel wondys, 

But lay in hys loge, lechit hys soree. 



1^ patanclua, ^ proud kyiig, was full pure ryche. 
Of auDsetre olde, abyll of kyn, 
6320 Wei iiiui«rt & nuke, myghti of pnpulL 

Achylles, |)e choiso kyng, cheriat hyin mekill. 
And loayt hym no lease ^en bjm lefe selujn. 
Jjay weresofeatenyt witAfaythe,&vytlif7iiIoue^ 
6324 )}at botlie {uure saulis & ]iaire self were set on a 
And qwat so tendit to ^e totheris was alL 
The eecund batell, forsothe, aaaignet was ^ea ^ 
To Merion, a ntodj kyng, ^t mekull contii of ^ 
6328 WitA ^re tiiousond )ira knyghtie, ^lepond in ' 
And MenestauB the mighty, wttA .Mb men of (ibLwb.) 

To Atholapo, a tore kyng, takyn was the ^d, nttuni 
And Phibnene, his faiie son, fire in his hond, ll^lteiu'™ 
6332 WttA all the company clene of comaynes "^^^^^^^ 

Wise men in wer, wight of hor ded«. 
The ffourthe batell in feld, he fourmet to leng m* bxava m 
With Aichelans, a lode lynely in trmys, atimUhi ud 

6336 And Piothenor, a prise kyng, w»tA his popuU ^S^^^t 

holl : s^*^ 

In tiie same was S^urda, wtt/i sod men & noble. 
The tyha, }e.t waa fonrmit of )>o fberse batell, m uifa m u 
Was If enelay the mighty, wttA his men all, "^ "'^"' 

6340 Wit& the pepoll of his pnmynse, & his pert 

The Sezt of ^ sort, ^t aogbt to |ie hid, n*iixUi wh i 

Was fcyng bysshop the boldrwVtA his bnetnes kii«,- 

lelle ; adwUoM. 

And Selidis, for sotbe, soght in his honde, 
6344 Wtth all the here, ^t he hade, higbet hym 


) by Google 


The Seuent of the eonin, )>at I said ere, 
Woe Telamon }ie tid6, wttA mony tried knights*, 
]Mt Boett hfiQ bom Baleme, sad nun & naUo, 
6348 Witft fouie Erles in fere, fell men of wer,— 
TheaeuB the tm, & tide Amphimake, 
And on Damja, the doghtj, doutid in fild. 
With FolisariuB the pert, of person fall abill : 
6352 Thee comyn witA the kyng in his dene batelL 
The viij f&eke, )iat to feld foie wit& his batell, 
Wu Toax, a tore ^ng, & tide of hond. 
The ix of the ncwmfow, to nem )iom fall euyn, 
6356 Waa Aiax Oeliu^ vriih, od men to wale. 

And Philoc, the fell kyng, fore with the t«nth. 
Nestor, the nolile Duke, an old m&n wi't/i all, 
ThaiifMiihwM Them with odmen auntrid to fild. 

■lid ihc twiMb 6360 The xjj Tnttiwyuond, ^at twyet not in fight, 
*"' (™»».) ^" Maumbert mayn son, mightfull Henex. 

Th> ihirtHBib ^B xiij thro batell ^rong with Vlixea, 

™iiM "Till That past to the playn witft proud men of 

Ai^JUT'^tTih. armys. 

anwiih'hjr 6354 The xiiij to fe fight fore w«tA Aiestea 

Humeliu*, the hasty, highit with the fyftene. 
Fioteeseloua proud son preeit with the eexlene, 
ffoT to dere for the dethe of his dere fader. 
Folidariut, the porknell, and his pere Machaon, 
J Suet with the xvij, sad men & noble. 

The riohe kjng of the Bodes raiked with 

the xvig, 
With fell men in fight to the fild past. 
6372 The xix of the nowmbnr a nobUl mon toke. 
One QumpUtM a gome, Jtot nony grekea led. 
• And Philoo the &eke fore with the twenti, 
^ )}at of Larria was lord & a lege kyng. 

6376 With xxj auntrid abill men two,— 

Amphimas, a fre kyng, and hia fere Cepton. 
, With xxij vnthwyuond twyet to filde, 

) by Google 


Bjomede, the derfe kyng, and doughty Celenus. 

6380 Eneos, the nobili kyng, ^ neghit iio Sypris, | 
Witft iiiy Jiriuond, Jironge to the playiie. ' 

Procholiu, a prise kyng, preeit wttA another. ' 
Now xxiiij folly are &xva to fe bateU. 

6384 Cupenor, a caut man, come wttA the next, — i 
The x:^ fuUyt ^^ °f fy^ kiiighte*. j 

The zj'vj of the soume, ^at I said first, i, 

Of bold batela & bigge, ^t to bent come, 

6388 Led Agamynon the giete, wttA grekes full mony. 
And fore euyn to fe figh^ Ss the fild toke. 

When the batell on bothe halaya were to bent 

ffot to fight in the fild, all fo faerse pepull, 

6392 Ector the auntrus, abliat of knightet, 

Was the firat in the fild, Jwt to fight entrid, I 

Toko his horse witA his helis, hastid before, *' 

Gird euon to }« giekea wi'tA a grete yie, 

6396 firusshet to the forward, felly anon. 


Fatrocloa persaynit, )iat the pepull led, fj 

pat was fonnast in fight -with a felle speire. u 

He aontrid ypnn Ector, atUt hym a dynt, w 

6100 WtU all the forse of his fole & his fnerse arme ; S 
He shot |iTough the shild & the shene maile, ^ 
To fa ynmast of his onnur, angaidly fast ; " 

Hit neghjt to ^ nakid, bnt no noy did. 

6401 Ector for ^t od dynt, ournyt in hert, 
Wode for the wap, aa a wild lyoo ; 
His speire into sprottew eprongyn was before. 
But he braid oat a brand witA a bill felle, 

6408 Carre euyn at the krng 8s ^ crest hit. 
Slit hym fiill slighly to pe slote enyn, 
))at he dusshet, of )ie dynt, dede to )w g 

:ectv Google 



When the kyng was kjld, cast to fe grene, 
6412 His shene armys to shew shtme in the filde, 
M?»»ti!mti?i!'* Eutor to )» erth ^urlj light, 

^^UHkinor The gay armur to get of the gode hew. 

That he duly deesirit in hie depe hert ; 
6416 And to apoile that spilt kyng he sped ferr. 
His hone in his hond held by the leyne. 
And come to ^ kyn^ J»ere the corse lay. 
Wold haue Bobhit the Benke of his riche wede. 
(bL iM ^) 6420 WttA the ton hond m the toilc tyniyt it offe : 
M ' - rt ™. ***"*'' But Merion the m^hty wi'tA a mayn pepiill, 

nuhHspta WttA fK thousaund |)ro men ^ng hym Tuto. 

'^"' "' In defence of the fteike, (lat on fild layj 

6424 To Ector in ernyst full angurdly said : 

" Nay, warloghe wolfe, in fii wode hongur, 
)>at nener of fonsy art full, wt'tft ^i foule vse, 
The tydis not to taste of ^is tiiet meite I 
6428 ffor-bode the firke ^i fode forto wyn I 
SSirf^^w *'°*' "^'^ (wu Be in a sad hast, 

•^•""^J^"*"' A C thoosaund'on horse highand J» to, 

uim. Thyn hode forto haue, & hew fe to dethe^ 

6432 And put fie fro purpos, ^i payn to encres ! " 
Sone, by the same kyng & his sad helpls, 
He was borne fro ^ body, backward t^yn. 
His hoTse for to haue, ^ hasted by-dene, 
6436 And mony stroke^ in ^t stouie, ^ stithe men 
Till ^6 knight, vndur knappis, yppon knes fell 
Then he stert vp full stithly, witA his store 

Was on hys wight horse, tor wepyn or other. 
6440 ffor all tlie grefe of fo grekec, & ^ grete (tronge. 
Was no led might hym let, ^f horn lothe wei« 
■'".tir***!^ ^* meuit biward Merion his malis to venge, 

iiirioB, uHi ii Wode of hia wit, in his wan yre ; 

, Google 


6441 But Glancou tlio gret«, wtVi a grym batell, Bookxr. 

TheaeoB, J>e tote kyn^ twmyt hym agajn, nKuod bj 

With iij. U. pN men )>ronge hym aboate. 

And Bocuid the some byng wiVi hor sad helpis. 
644S But the firat of )io iieket fai he fell to, 

Was ArchilacuB, a choiae kjsg, hym chenit The Dsthe of 
f dl iUe : Architacu. bj 

Bctor SiajDB. 

The bneme, with his bare Bword, hem hym to 

)]at he felle of his fole flat to p6 ground ! 

6452 Mony on he martrid at the meane tyme I 

Th« ptuddist, pat hym preset, plainly he slogK (M. im t.) 
Brem« was the batell oa the bent ^an I Tii*t>m*n(H 

Mony etithe, in the etoute, atale &o )isre lynes. Hoxor^ichuto 

6456 Yet Ector, eftsoaes, ettiUit to assay, "^^ ^^""^^ 

And Patioclas proud geere preset to hane. 
He light donne fiill lynely, lettid he nogbt, 
And bonnet to fo body, ^ere the bneme lay. 

6460 |)en come ferv a kyng witA bene men of armya, 

Idymyntu, full dernly, & dieseit hym to, idomtMiu ud 

Wt'tA two thowsaund ^ro knightes, & pionge dud throng 

hymaboute: jmreMtit""* 

And Jlyiion, faX I mynt, wttA his men alL 

6464 Thay preset so the pn'nce wtth power of knigUte«, 
))at ^ wamit hym his wille, & away put : 
Bat fele dyntt« he delt, & to dethe cast. 
And other weghie hym witA woondet the gnikeg. 

6468 When he segh ^t bym-eelfe was set rppon fote, BHing hinuot 
And BO fele of his fos fuerse hym abonte, —.j nmnM" 

All horaet but he, & on hegh set, ^^J^r^ 

He afoteet hym felly witA his fyn strenght ; itah^-"" 

6473 Gird to the grekw in his giete yre. 

Mony wonndis he wioght, weghis to dethe ; iiviui r^ghi lud 

„ ' ,, , ^, , ' ° Wl,Ulll..m.lM 

UondiM of hew hetnrly fast ; m tor unaM. 

Mony foteles ft«ike of his fell dinttee ; 
6476 SOb hones witA his bond bew he to detiae. 



Book XT. Till all Bheut fro )>,tt ahoue, & f>e ahalke leuyt ! 

So he rid hj-m a rowme iu a lad hast, 
Of fo tulke», vith tene, fat hym take woM. 
MorioapnHHtat 6480 Than Merion, ))e mody kyng, ^t Z mynl. &i8k, 
PatndDi, ud Presit to Fatroclas is place fere he lay, 

un,, ' * Braid vp the body on hia big horee, 

And BO the freike hym before ferkit to hia tent 
TtH on^ 111 6484 Kow the grekea wM grem gedrit vnto Ector, 
Hocbr, ud Hie horse for to hauo, & hym away lede. 

hi! hi™?Suu* Thay caupit at the knight, kene men of armys, 

jj^^*"*' •" J)at the wegh on no wise might wyn on his hoiso. 

6488 In p&t company kene was a knight noble, 
That Canon was cald by his kynd nome, 
ffnll emestly -with Ector anntrid to fight ; 
Gaf hjm dinttes full dcdly, & derit hym mekill. 
(bi, iDio.) 6492 Eat a souerain Bcruand of ^ same prtnse 
DftiHpiim Segb hie maistur at mischefe amonge« his foe ; 

knigtitcwiDn. ^^'> speiroa full dispitos he spaiet to cast, 

ud uutiwr ; j^^ f ucrae were before & of fell bite. 

6496 At the knight Carion cast he ^t one, 

As he mellit witk his maistur, merkit hym onyn. 
Hit hym so hitturly with a hard dynt; 
jMt he gild to fie ground, & f6 gost yalde. 
6500 ))e& snofier, fat was next, uoyet hym alse, 
Mellit vith hia maistur at ]ie mene tyme, 
The tother epcire, fiat he sparit, spent Tpon hym ; 
BrocJiit hym frough )» body fat fe bueme swolt. 
Umb Mill an um 6504 Then criet he full cantly f>e knighte* vpon. 

And the tyiie men of Troy, wi'tft a tore steuyn. 
In hast for to hye to (lere hed pnnse, 
Jwt in perell was put in plite to be slayn, 
.1 6508 }jen Synabor, forsothe, witft a sad pepull, 
r Neghit to fe note, — ^his naturall brother ; 

He comQ to fe crye with a cant will, 
And gild to the greke« mony grym dynt, 
6512 fFelled mony fuerse men wttA his fyne strenght. 


:ectv Google 


Made waia full wide, van to hU lord, 

Halpe hym Ml hertely, hurt of his foa ; 

Gird horn to ground, & to grym dethe. 
6516 Thretty of ^e firoeat he ^nge out of lyue : 

Mony weghis he wonndit & warpit to erthe ! 

jMn the troiens ftdl tyt tokyn fen heites, ^ 

ffell of hor fo8 wiVt a fiike wille, h 

C520 Getyn fen ground wit/t a gret strengtit, 

And fruBshet pert fos for Tppo backe. 

ffuerse Ector was feyn of his fyn helpe, * 

And aa wode aa a wild bore wan on his Loree. 
6524 He Bhouuyt )>urgh hie Bheltrum, shent mony o 

And maid of Jio men, out of mynd fele ; 

Gird honi to ground witA mony grym hurt. 

All ^at met hym with malis in f« meue tyme, 
6526 Anther dyet of hie dyntt«s, or were ded wondit. 

The grefces, for pa greuatince, gyacn hym ^e way, >i 

ffled all in fere, ferd of hor dethe. 

Mony batoU he broke, myche bole wroght, 
6532 All Ills wedis wex wete of hor wan blode : 

j»n found he no fiekes to froiet on his ettenght, 

Ne non so deife to endure a dynt of his hond. 

Then Menestaue, ^e mighty, wttA hiB men hole, 
6536 The Duke of Athens full dsr^ drogh into batell, t 

WttA )ira thowaaund pro men, firiuond in armya, 

And other folke full fueree, fiat the fieike hade. Troau, Hud 

Ub launchit in o ))e left side witA his ledis all, xuHppu. 
6S40 There Troilus the tried, turnyd to fight 

WttA the frigies fell, >at )>e freike lad, 

)}at myche greuauncc fi grem to )ie grekes did ; 

Wi't/i AlcaniM, a kyng, a kid man of etienght, 
6544 And Macbaon, the mighty, with his men all : 

Xantipw the same batell aothely was pea. 

There mynget ^ai fiere men, machit bom to-gedur; 

Mony dedly dint delt bom amonge ! 



Bo^^v. 6B48 Big iraa the batell vpon bolhe h&luya, 

And mycbe slaghtur in slade, & slyngyng to 
gToand ! 
TnUB ii aa- Troilus, in the Utile, tumyt waa of hoTS, 

ighti bcmij. B&ght. Tppon fot6 fell; agayne : 

6552 Mony wonndit the tregh of his wale foa. 
Menestans, the mighty, mainly beheld, 
S^h TioieU in toile, & tynt had his hoise. 
Slight Tppon fote in )>e fueise bstell, 
Waurtn ud 6666 And myche harme wt'tft hia hond happit to do. 
ranaduo. Then afoisit hym the &eike wttA his fueraa 

(«. 101 a.) TloiluB to take and to tent lede. 

Preait hym full prndly wt'tA his pri'se folke, 
HtbavMni 6560 Halit hym fro horee fet«, & in hond toke. 
itHtrtou. Then he led hym fiuthe lyuely, and his wille 

But a mon of pat mighty, pat Myeerea vae cald, 
Bnt HiMTB b]i> To the frigies in fere felly he eaide ; — 

tsiwuTroUiu, 656i " Alas! ledis of Jis lond, )iat ye lyfe hane ! 

Wherto bounet ye to batell in yoiw bright geire, 
Whethur worship to wyn, or willfully ahame ) 
Se ye not the Him of youre sure kyog, 
6568 With torfer be takon, & tnmyt away ! 

If ye let hym be led furthe, your lefe bane ye 


And of sham, ^t be shapyn you, shent be ye 

MelliB you wi'tA monhod & might of your 

6672 To Bestore the lynke in a rad hast, 

£r he be led out of lenght, & lost of your sight, 
And past fro your pouer thuigh the prese hoge ! " 
AiuiDa>i,wiiiii Then Alcanus, the kyng, kyndlit in yre, 

J ?Xi iiii 6576 Gird after the Greke«, wt'tA a gret« apeiie, 

■owdTnau. P^t TroiloB hade takou, hym tenyt full ylle. 

, Google 

TBS ursoub. 213 

So he frusaliet to a ireike, pat the fro led, Vajkir. 

})at aodenly he aeit donn, aoght ont of lywe ; (■a-tw 
6580 And ano^, aaon, he nolpit to ground, Bmhiiwapia 

Shent of fo ahaikee, shudrit hom Itwyn. thni,*MHM 

So fuersly he fore, and freike* Jtat hym halpe, " 

i»t Tioilus was takyn, & tumyt furtli lonse, 
6564 And don out of daunger for the dne tyme. 

The fieke ^en in fuerse hast feikid on horee, 

Grippit to a grjift sword, gird on hU foa, 

ffor to comford the kyng, pai hym caght liade. 
6688 fOB XantipUB eogbt forth witJi a aad dynt 

To Mynestaufi witA might, & ))e men hit, 

That ]» freike hade ben fay but for bia ^ 

Then Meneataua moumyt, & mykell sorovbode, 
6S92 That TroiluB, )» triet, waa takyn of hia bond, (fbLink) 

And affoisit hya frekya to fte fight harde : Mnwtaiu, 

He gedrit all hys gomys in a grete hate. TnnnBtudHHD 

)» fy^t iraa fel po frekia betwene ; mutote 

6596 Mony derf, to >6 deth, Tndwr dyntea yode ; "^-^^ 

Mony bueme on the bent bytturly wondyt ; 

Mony knyghtya were kyld to fe cold deth ! 

Ector was euermore I^er witA-all ; ii«iHtoiuii«u 

6600 Mony weghya in bya wrath welt to fe ground ; hui rmud 

Mony Slogii in fo slade fuigh aleght of hys bond; y„ (^^^ „„^ 

And aore gienyt fe Grekya •wiUi bia grete dyniya. 

Meneetans fe mighty, Jiat mekill was in yre, 
660i ffor be faylit of pe freke, pat ha firat toke, 

As he rod fmrgb fe rout wttA bia roid fare, 

Jk tioiena to tone wttA bia tore streukyth. 

He met wtt& pie Myseres at p% mene tymc, 
6608 By i^vom he lost p6 loid, pat he laght bade. 

He knew hym full lyuely by colore of his armyi^ 

And front euyn to Jw f reke witA a fell spere, 

Hnrlet hym to hard Trtbe Tndur horse fete ; 
661 2 But )>e lede vppon lyue leuyt he fien, 

:ec by Google 


And nolpit to another, pai hjm noiet at, 
Gird hym vne to ye ground in hya grot jre. 
)Mn HtipoD, )>e hoge kyng, highet to batell. 

And Eripa alao auntrid hym witft, 
WitA all fe ledys of Larrie led hom betwene. 
And ho )ie giekys com gyrdond agaynes po two, 
66^0 ProthoDor, a prtw kyng, & pert Archelaus, 
«* Witft all ]i6 buemee of Boyes, bold men of hood. 

peu Jie Ij-gbt wex fell, & mony freke deghyt ! 
6one after, fotsotha, o ^e Cit^ halue. 
It 6624 Folidamas aprochit vith a proud ost, — 
wUb bii Anteuor aune son abtll of dedys. 

UMTntiuw. He Begh (le tioiena so tore, & tomyt 8o fik, 

AH pyght in a place on a playn feld. 
6628 Anon to anothir aide naitU hediyuye, 
(*.) WitA all }o here, ^t he hade, h^hit abonte. 

And fell to )ie fyght wt'tft his foike hole. 
)}en yssit fnrth also, yrfull in dedya, 
BmutDcsiiiuii 6632 Remys, (« Byche kyng, witJi a night batell, 
meii. niDH to And pTBot iu prudly with a proud wyll, 

tbtbuuibKooHi And fell to ^e fyght with fe freke alae. 

**""■ JjOTB was kyllyng of knyghtis, omsghyng of 

6636 Bold mm bakward borne of hor horsee : 

jMt assembly was aordr of fo sad knyghtis. 
Mouy hnrljt doun hedstoupis to fe hard vrthe ! 
itiirdiii™ PolidamuB, fe pert, presit vnto Merion, 

Mmaa, ud hui* 6640 ))at was auntrus in armys. Elan aune coeyu ; — 
imoDd. He was a duke in bye day, & for dere boldyn, 

A jop knyght Ss a jonge, of jeris but lite ■/— 
8o he gird to ]>at greke vritA a giym spere, 
6641 |>at he seyt to fa soile, & eogbt out of lyue. 
MBntma, When Menelay, pe mygbty, ^at myscbef beheld, 

BaBai,nuiiM Mycbe Borow for ^ sygbt sank in his hert ; 

' He tumyt to ^ troiens his tone for to venge, 

) by Google 

6648 With all )>e bir in Iiye bteet, for hys bale augur. 
Ha TOgbt Tnto Semjs wi'tA a roid dynt, 
Alto huilit his li(?lmo, bannyt hym euyll, , 

Wondyt hym wykkydly, wait hyin to ground. ' 

6653 Half ded of )<e dynt, ^r ])e duk lay ! 

Hys weghys all wend, for fie wale stroke, 

)}at )« kyng hade bea kyld, & mycbe core bad : 

Non aoght hvm to eocore wit/i no sad bolp, i 

G656 But all purpoat bom playnly to paa of (« fyld. 
Polidamas, prestly, pe pupull gert lei^e, 
And wamet vppon all wyse his weghto to go, ih«mt*'<w]^ 
ffond w(Vi hor forse ]« freke for to wyn, '' 

6660 Hurle hym (to horse fete, haue hym avray, 
Ber hym out &o )» batell to pB bu^h euyn. 
With myche wepyng & wo, wegliia of his aune mth friar oht 
Luggit hym out to |« laund, lefte hym for dod ; ,„« ih«n i«t. 

6664 And fore agayne to Jw fyght Jiaire feris to help. "'"' *" ""^ 


KyngCelidis, fofaothe, eemliest of knights*, Kinj[C«Mo»,- 
AU folke in ^at 61de, of fairhed he poat, th>king>,- 

Of whom Daries, in hie dytyng, duly me tellua Jvi^^J^Hi^'^d' 

6668 All tlio shap of (>at ehene, in his sbiro boke : '""" ^'" '^* 
Th« qwene of femyn^ fiat freike so faithfully 

More he sat in hir sode fen hir-aelfe ay. 
This Celidis, forsothe, fought witA a speire, 

6672 Polidamaa to put donn, & his pn'de felle ; 

And he, wode of his wit for [w wale dynt, *«" Poijdaiiuj 

Gorve eayn at the kyng wttA a kene sword, HRbvith* 

Hnilit furghe the helme & the hed bothe, *" 

6676 That he braid ouer backward & on bent light. 

Honerable Ector, euer vppoa-ona «Kta, who hitd 

ffell of fo fiierse men, & f urgh the fild lode : tan ud iivinit 
Moay batels he broke, bunmes he slough, aiutibn^ 

6G80 And made wayes full wide Jiuigh the wale ost. "^ '"'■ 

., CJooglc 


))en he Boght to a ayde, fere ealame folke 

i»i«of Um Were fightyne full fell witA the fderse troiens, 

whohidHHiij WitA Thessall the tried kyng, & hoi true hede, 

^^J^ 6981 That was lord of ^ loud, & the ledetr aght 

This ThesBoIl, in the toile myche tene wioght, 
Tymit doun Troiene witA mony toure dynttw : 
Mony wonndit the wegh, & warpit to giooiid, 
6688 Mycho dere he hom did wiHi dynttes of houd. 
*i>Mi TiHatar pea TeuBer, wM tene tumyt to £ctor, 

■oni; with ■ Sparrit to hym with a speire spitusly &st ; 

**"■ Wonndit hjin full wickedly in hiB wild yre ; 

6692 Kurt hym fall hidiously, hastid away. 

Ector richit his reync, the £enke for to mete, 
flbr to wroike of his wouud, & the w^h harme ; 
But the ireike for ferd fled of his gate, 
6696 ffruBshet ))urgh the folke forth of his sight. 

Then for wrath of his wound, & for wild shamc^ 
He gird to a grtko, ^at was a giym eyre, 
WiUi a ewyng of hb sword ewappit hym of lyne, 
(bi. iMo.) 6700 And mony other martrid at the mene tyme. 
Hntorii A gret nowmher of greke* gedrit hym vmbe, 

ttM Gt«gfc>, wiin Hym tyta for to take, or tyme Tnto detiie. 

JJ^^'J^JJJJ^ Among all the meny was mighty Teeeus, 

*""* 6704 J»t onestly to Ector >ua eeely s^d :— 

" Sir, huske fro the batell er you bale worthe, 
Leei you hsppyn yfith hood here to be slayne : 
Of aoche a mon were a mysse Jiurgh the mekyll 
HwtocUiuki 6706 Ector full onestly bat onfrablo banket : 

Jibn coflitnulj 

And yet the batell on bent was bremo to behold ! 

The Troiens wj'tft tene tumyt to the giekes. 

Folidamas, wtVi prise, prestly can fight, 
6712 Wttft his Emneis full ogurly, euer vpon-one. 
MoHiiuiud Menelay the mighty, in the mene tyme, 

poiTdinu. And Telamon, the tore kyng, tally to-gedur : 

To Folidamas [lai preset all in pure augur, 

tv Google 


S716 Hm freike for to felle, & feile out of lyue. Bsakxv. 

Telamoa hym tocchit on with a ton speiie, THum, wUi i 

Bare bym downe backward vitA a bif hoge, um ts Uh ' 

Preset bym witA payne, & vitA pronde stroket^ E^Hnnij!^ 

6720 Tokyn hym fuU tyte, jKtf hym tene th<^t JSSi;^ 

Brokou was the blade of hie big sword. 
His lielme of bnrlit, & bis bed bare. - 
)}ai led bym forth lightly, ^f hym loth tbnght, 

fi724 To the tente» fbll tomly, ]iaire entent was. 

But Ector, oe annter fell, enyn was beside, >» HMtor, 

Segh the grekw witA fat gome gediit fall ^icke ; oum ■bo 
The pn'se knight put donn the peptdl among, nnrii ona ri^i 

6728 Takon wit7i torfer, hym tenyt full eoylL ""*' 

He bullet forth Tnhyadly, barmyt full mony. 
Of fe ledis, ^ hym led, luskit to gioimd ; 
Made waies fall wide, wan to the knight, 

6732 And xxx in the throng thracchit to dethe ; niKHMaihinr 

The remnond full radly rid hym the gate, pnuttHnMio 

fBogb all in fere, and the freike louyt. ih» uh 

He highit of pen bonder and his hone toke, """^toTiM m 

6736 Wan oa bym wightly, & of woche past 

The ^ng Bisahop the bold, byg MenelauB, 

And Thelamon the tore kyng, wttA theire tite MoHhb tad 

batels, tlMlr*>n«,F~a 

AH asaemblit on a sop in a sad bast, m^I^^ 

6740 And fell to the fr^es in a fueree wille. SJ^t" "^ 

Dai foghton so felly witA the &eike> ^en, 

Derit hom wt'tA dynttea, delt mony wonnd^ 

Horlet hom on hepis, hurt of hor kiughte«, 
6744 fierket hom to flight fueialy by-dene. 

All-])of Ector was on, ^at odmony slogh, 

And wonderfully wroght wt'tA wepyn at the 

Hym-eelfe might not sofiise to ^at sotune hog& OT «tdwi » 
6748 His hone, in ^t bete, was hnrUt to dethe, hhut; baihia 

And he foght rpon fote wttA fo felle greke^ 

) by Google 

Book XT. Wore hym full Tightly, & myche wo did : 

luofh OB loot, Was non eo bold in ^at batell, of ]ia buemea all, 

nil* M t^. 67G2 fforto deire hym with dynt, lie ^ Duke toucbe, 
Ne aogb hym vOA noy, for nolpiB of his bond. 
■ bnthn* His nobiU bietbor naturilB nemly persayuit, 

•mUo ud ]3ot ))s troiens in tbe toile bad tnmyt Jw backe, 

u^*"^ ^756 And eegb not pen soueraiii, faiie soroT was fe 
Wend pere lord hade ben loGt, or of lyue hroght. 
)Hu asBemblit on a aop sone vpon-one, 
firOBBbet to )w fight, pe freike for to lait«. 
■J dub 6760 fi\ill bremly ))urgb tbe hatela fe buemes can pas, 

ikt,ud<rDuod And wan to ))at worthy, )iat in woche atode; 

Telamon, tbe tore kyng, )iai tenfully woundit, 
Gild mony to fe ground of the grekee felle. 
iiaUanu hurii 6761 Dynsdion, a derf knight of hie dere brother, 
Preset to Polexnma, fat hado a proude atede, 
Gild hym euyn to |>e groimd, grippit his boiae, 
Eaght to fe Keynes, ricchit hom belyue, 
6768 Brogbt hym hia biotheT, fie best vpon erthe, 
And be lanncbit o lofte wttA a light wille. 
All the nobiU anon, — po natwrill brether, — 
Wonderfully wroght witA wepyn in bond, 
6772 Gird doun of the grekea vnto grym dethe, 

And stird bom in the stoure atightly vnfaire. 
Then DeSibue drogh negb with a derfe pepnll, 
]}at by ordynaunse of Ectoi was etlit to hym ; 
6776 The prt'se folke of Foyeme presit hym after, 
Bowmen of Jie best, big in hor armys, 
Mycbe grenattnce & grem to Jie greke* did. 
Mony woundit )» wegbis & warpit to ground, 
6780 Mony sbalke ))urgh shot witA psre sharpe gere. 
And myche byndrit tbe hepe wttft fere bard ahot^ 
SeffibuB tbe doughty, wttft a derfe wepyn, 
Tacbit vpon Tentro, a full tore dyut^ 
6784 Yne fourme in tbe face foule to behold. 

It, ud it>d> 


) by Google 


}}en the troieuB, full tite, tokyn fiere herte* Book X7. 

ffally vuto fight, }iat were fled er. 

ffuU Btithe vaa )w stonre for fa striffe new ; 
6768 MoDy bold on the bent biytont to dethe ; 

Mony lyue of lept with laaahyng of sweidie ! 

Ab Theseus, the tore duke, the troiens aaoTet, tii««m ii 

Andmonyfellof ^folk^ wi'tAhisfiteise wepon, iig<uniu, 
6792 On of Ector owne brother, fat I erst neuenyt, Sl^^T^''"'"' 

And Moderaua, the mayn kyng, on fe men set 

Theseus fai toko, fof hjm tene )>oght, 

And wold haue slayn hym in fe elade al^bly Thoj m, .bout «. 
anon ; Kmcun Udi tiwm 

6796 But Ector aurthwart fis auntrid to ee, 

Bade horn leue of lightly, let hym pas forth, 

WttAouten hurt owjter harme, hast hym agayn : 

And so he kyd hym counjiell of kyiidnes before. 
6800 At biddyng of fe bold, )>e bueme was reeoewet, 

He launchit furth lightly, & fe lede ponket, n«UiMinH«tor, 

Gird furth to fo greke« wttA a glad chere, uw omki>. 

And Ector euer more egerly fonket cw. i» *.) 

6604 Then f e kyng of Calsidon com into batell, 

Toax, a tide mon of bat ober aide, itw" "* 

• ' PhjlolMwIthi 

And Phtlote, a fueise kyng, with a fell power, grsit nunbs or 

A grete nowmbei of greke* wttA a giym fare. bottiL 

6808 Toax, in his tene, wt'tft a tore speiie, ThM mgigH 

Caupit to Cassibilan, Jie kynges son of Troy, — wd ii^i him. ' 

On of Ector aun brother, )iat I er aaid ; 

And fe lede on lokond, hym launchit to dethe : 

6812 fl'or whose dethe the Duke moche dole bolit Hecmr. migBi 
' laawdMtborbia 

As wode in his wit ea a wild boie, bmhn-, tUMAi 

Oiid euyn to the grekes in his gret yre, teraij; womidi 

And mony knight doun kyld in hia kene hat*. Sihe^""^ 

6816 Sum wondit full wide, wait to ^ gronnd ; 

Sum hurlit to )>e hard yorth, & on hede light ; 

Sum fe lymes of lop, sum |ie lyf tynt ; 

And myche wu in his wodenos wroght at )« tyme. 



6820 So fuersly he fore in hia fight jien, 

"With other helpe f&t he hade, his harmyfi to 

))at [« greke« gyuen bake, & the groond lenyn, 
And were forait to }ie fight or Jiai fay worihit. 
682i )}ea gird in on ^ gicke^ half with a grym fare, 
Neator, the noble duke, wt'tA a new batell 
Of T thoueaund fueise men, & felle to po stour, 
}Mt mony warchand wound wroght on hor fos. 
6828 ffull tyte fro )« toun tumyt hym agayne, 
Fhilon, a felle kyng, & his fere Eadrafl, 
pai shot ^uigh pen sheltruna & ehent mony 

This Philon, in fight, mony &eike slc^h. 
6832 J}en the greke* vriih grym gedirt hym vmbe, 
Wold hane kyld the kyng vith a kaut wille ; 
But on laconiaa, a loly men, as the goet tellia. 
To Eedias, in emyst, ^irly saide : — 
Se Philon, the fre kyng, is wttft his fos takou : 
rs hastely, help hym away ! 
Let va reskew the Eenke, refe hym his fos ! " 
pea the Tioiens, wtt% tene, tidely fiai faght ; 
6840 Sore greuit the gieke«, gird horn abacke; 
Wonen to )ie wale kyng, & away toke, 
Wt'tAouten hurt, other hanne, in a bond while, 
tfectcr iDii hia )}ea Ector EfteisonoB entrid agayne, 

wttb Dtiphobu^ 6844 With the noble men, ^at I neuenyt, his naturill 
^^il^^ ■ brother, 

*™*' = And Deffebus the Duke, dughty of hond ; 

FolidamuB, the pert knight, preset in als. 
Thes wonderfully wroght in hor wale strenght, 
6848 WitA pert company clene of kyd men of Troy, 
uhI wBuid bin paA the grekes, of ^e ground, gird were anon, 

ughi, but tar fflagh fio the trekea, & the fild leuyt ; 

}!2Sm«i! "* Bat Menelay the mighty, & the mayn Telamon, 

68S2 So stnmly witAetod w/tA ]>aire atienkyth holl, 

:ectv Google 


|)at |w troiana tite tynt of hor ptirpos, Btwiixy. 

And were fi^htyn w»tft felly, folut no lengut. 

J)en entrid Eneas, egnr to figtt, Xat ud 

6856 Wi'tA the comyns full clcne in a close batell, ■-■-"--t u ihg 
J)at were led by the lede, fai I lefe saide, — On^m antm 

XofoimtM the faene, ^t waa a iyu sqwiei. 
Wi'tA }iefl, Ector & other, so odly fiai f<^ht, 

G860 That the greke* gaf bake, & ^aire gronnd leuyt 

)Mt Aiax the auntros, })at angardly wroght, A]u,Kni]rTBi> 

With mekill soiow f is S€g1i in his sad yre. dHM, ad« up 

He lokit hack on )ie bent, fere Jte huemes were, "*"*• 

6864 S^h Boppea of sad men in a soum hoge, 
peA neghit no not«, ne no noy feld, 
"Wiih ban^rs on brede, & bold men of armys, 
Jjere all )« grete of fte grekye, & J)6 giym 

6868 And pa chose of hor chyualiy, was chargit to 

jKn he said to ^ BouBr&oa, ))at ^ saut lefte ,"■ — dHta tai 
"Abide, bownys, on Ji is bent, buskya va ferte; wiuflad^iiui 
Here sechea tb socouie in a aad haate ! " nu^nd. 

6872 J)en gird in fe giekya wttA a grete wyll, 

Sestoret ^e etithe fight atalwertly ^en. nu. loe m 

Eneaa to Aiax angarely rode, itju ud xamM 

And be keppit hym cantly wttA a kene speie, ud bvUi n ' 

6876 jMt bothe were )>ai bakewoid bome to }« grene. 
)>en gyrd in f e grekya ayde wtt^ a grym pupull, 
Fhilothetes, a &eke, with a freshe batoll, 
])at kyng was of Calsidon, — a kid men of were, — 

6880 "Wttft iy m. fro knyghtie fiionge into prese, 
pa tioiens to ]ns tyme tyd ay fe bettur, 
And )ra fairer of )w ifyght in pe feld bad ; 
But fea batels ao big, pat )>e bueme led, — 

6881 Fhiloc )« trdke, )>at I first saide,— 
Tenyt the troiens witA mony tore dint«^ 
And to pat horn fro parpos, pynyt hym sore. 

, Google 


Book XV. Jm freke, witA a felle epen front vnlo Ector, 

B* itu/kM hmmt 6888 )Kit hit shok alto schyuere, ^ ))e schalk boll : 
u III ihiTKad. Bat Ectoi Aiirthewert h jm Auntrid to tiyt, 

MHkM'uBisifat t^t) ^B &nat of hjB fol flat to ^o ground, 

"""'"' Half ded of J»e dynt, derit no ma 

TbtQwta, 6892 })en Henex, wJtA hese men, happit to come, 
io.aoD, lad I17 Gild in wHJt grekja, os a grym syre ; 

B^^u, ud Vlizes also, mth angaroly mony 

o^r u^ hO Of j^j^^ jjf -j,j.^j,j^ ^^j. j^^ j^j Btrenkyth ; 

J^Jj^^oT- ^^^^ HiuneHus wiWl hast highit bom after. 

And all ))e kyngis clene, fat comyn out of grice, 
"With z .M. )iro knyghtiB, ^riatiest of all : 
J}e3 bounyt vnto batell & to bent droghyn. 
6900 Wat achall tyde of pes troiens t« fea tora pupull, 
Pai 80 were wroght of w^hia before. 
And 80 byay in batell er f o bold come 1 
))en Paris aprochyt, fe Percians hyni witA ; 
Eadli on ^e right ayde Bakit be furth, 
And bounet into batell with a brym will 
Ynto Frigie, {»e fell kyng, be frueshit anon, 
(fci. loTo.) Wi'tA ]ie Btrenkyth of bin stroke & his store anne, 

BsUUiUHiiiiig 6908 pat [le kyng, to ^ cnid erthe, cayrs out of lyue. 
uwhirhtha )}en ^ gTekys, for giemo of |)o gay kyng, 

^jjrinm muob Miche dyn & dol for pei deth made. 

In mtsgE ibr I'w VlixeB, his aune cosyn, angrit full sore, 

HMuin, uijiH* 6912 To TODge of ^at vilany vili dissiiit : 
wuh 1 ipw. He put hym to Paris witA. a proude will, 

kiiit'wihm^' Sparrit at hym wttA a spera apitnsly faak 

JjJi^^^^' He myst of ^ mon wttA his mayn dynt, 

6916 But be hit on bis bone, bnrt hym fall boia, 
pat he degbtt of ^ dynt, dussbit to ground. 
And Paris, in fo plit, pight rppon fote. 
TnMoM wBuniM Troiell, Jiat tyme, was truly beeyde, 

Bm; 6920 Segb ^ bold at bis brother bouu for to strike ; 

He swept at hym swyth wttA a sword felL 
Hit brake thurgb )« basnet to pA ban bed, 

:ectv Google 


And &unt hym in ^e iaaa & full fel woud, 

6921 jMt ]>e blod oat bisat, & on his breat lygtit 

]}e lede, for fai I&itli dynt, leuyt not hya hone, 
Bnt sound in his sadill, he his sete held, 
Tnmyt Tnt* Troilus, (wt hym tenyt had, 

6928 And wondyt hym wickydly in hya wale fase. 
jKn )ie troiens full tite had tumyt )ie bak. 
Had not honerable Ector, & his aune brethir, 
Deffibas ]w dougbti, & ^ derf Troilus, 

6932 And ^ nobill brethir nattiHll,|)at naitli wttAstod. 
All ^e day, witA oatyu doute, to ^is dii tyme, 
Ector was Eaennore Egcr in fy^t : 
His aune batell full bieine yppon bent lenyt, 

6936 Hym selfe liuely o po lannde lannchit aboute. 
Jmu he Begh |)at pe eoume of )« saide grekys, 
Were Jie etitbir in f e stonre, & Btrongar of pupnll : 
He bonnet to his batell, bode he no lengar, 

6940 J»t feyn wore in fere of )iaire fre prinse, 
jMt jKii had hym at hond & in holl qwert 
Then the lord to his ledla vpon lond said : — 
" Now, bold men in batell, buske ye to fight, 

6944 Haue mynd of ft mslia, & the mykell harme, 
))at vs wold happon to haue in a hond while. 
And the grekes may tb gripe, & to ground brysg ! 
Therfoie, fens, bes fell, fraiste* your atienght, 

6948 Let your hertes be hoole, hold you to-gi»dur 1 
Bes frike on your fqs, fell of your dynttes. 
Setter bom full sadly, sekii for to hit 
WitA all ^e might & ^e mayn of your mekill 

6952 )7en he led hom forth lyuely by a law vale, 
Baiked in full radly on )ie right aide, 
There d^hit mony derfe of ]w due greke* ; 
Miche alagbt in ^t elade of )io slegh knightes. 

6956 Hit is wonder to wete of fe wode stoure, 
What knight«s were kild vnto cold dethe ! 



Book XV. Toax |)at tyme (luigbt the toile rode, 

l^at Cassbilan had kjld, the kyngit son of Troy: 
S960 He fell of fe bigies witA his fuerse dyntUa, 

And myche wo with his weppon wroght at )e 

Cassibilan kynd brother ]>ea ft kyng segh, 
Wonyn to fe wegh in hor wode hate, 
nwiboHta S961 Vmset hym full sone in a sop hole, 
knUm^ And gild hym euyn to pe gioimd in a gret Ire. 

nt^broa Brokjn was the blade of his bright swerd, 

^!|^ ^^ ^ Hade no wepyn hym to weire &o Jwre wild 

C968 The haspes of liis helme were hurlit in Bonder ; 
All bare was the bneme aboue on his hed. 
He hade lelly ben lost & of lyue done, 
n» D^a of Ife hade f6 derfe Duke of Athena drawen hym to 

hu^t^'^Kt^ 6972 WttA fnerse men in fight, & fell to ))e stoiiiB. 
J^""^ To Qwintilion the quern he qwithit a dynt, 

Woundit hym wickidly, warpit hym to ground, 
(M. ita a.] Bredsit hym wtVi dere to dele wttA another. 

6976 )Mn Paris, )w prise knight, wttA a pile sharp. 

Rut hym in thuigh Jie rybbis wi'tA a roid wond, 
bill HKHdi In put pe dak for |)0 dynt derit hym but a littelL 

Toax in ^ toile out of tene bioght, 
6980 Wan hym wightly away wondit full sore. 


Aa Ectoi rod thurgh fe rout wi'tA hia roid dyntf^ 
Miche greuanee and grem to ^e grekys dyd, 
Hmngrinwoaim HumeriiM }ie mighty, wttA a mayn bow, 

„,,„ 6084 bunt hym euyn in fe fase wi'tA a fya arow. 

p6 worthi at ]>e wond wrathit hym eore, 
ffore euyn to )ie fireke with a fyn eworde ; 
HHtiir, h ■ nn Hit )>e hathill o pe hede in his bote angur, 

HdUt. 6988 And rent hym doun roidly ryght to fe eadill ; 

He bend neu«r bow more, ne no hueme hurt, 

tv Google 


But waa ded of (le dyat er he doun lyght. Do 

}»n hastid on heterly, & a honie hlew. Attu 

6992 vij .M. Baid grekya semblit hym vmbe. tantm 

To Ector full ^rly witA enuy J»i drogh, 
fforto lache pa led, or of lyue brynge, 
And he were hym full wightly, wondit fuU mony. 

6996 Mony derf to )ie deth of his dyntis jode ! 
jKn he bounet fro batell, & ])e bent leuyt, 
iBsit out of ^e ost aogai^Iy fast ; DhUhi 

fiora eny» to bis fader in a fiitee hast, soh to 

7000 Bad hym socore torn BonewjtA his sTirokniglitea; ofUitb 
And he fore to }» fyght mtft a fiyke wyll, SSSS 

WitA Jre fousond fro knyghtis >roiig into ""^^ 

ffiiree men, & fel, & of fyn stienkyth. 

7004 }3ai gyrd to J« giekya & myche grem wrogbt, 
Slogh horn doun sleghly in ft slade moue. 
Ectoi and Aiax auutrid to meto : Htetor 

'Wiih fyn spers in fw irount frocMt togedur, 

7008 Jjftt aythii bakward waa borne to )« bare erthe. (w. 
Menelaus, a myghti out of mayn Tioi, 
WttA his wepyn he wondit, & warpit to deth, 
Selidonas, a son of f e self Fri'am, c<ud«i 

7012 Sl<%h Moles pe myghty, a mon out of Oreb, Hoia^i 
}}at to Toax, pe tore kyng, waa a trn cosyu. 
Madon, a myghty kyng, — fe Medion was cald Mia™ 
Of ))e grekya full gret, he gaf aoche a dynt, oouac 

7016 )Mt botbe his Ene out brast & on bent light. 
Sordill, anojter son of the same kyngis, 
Slogh a grete of f e greke*, fat was a grym syre. 
Margariton, a mighty of fo mayn brother, 

7020 Tachet Tpon Thelamon, & tonfiUly woundit. 

Famen, a fuetse of fo fell children, Fomen 

Fresit to Protheua & pat hym to grond, »n)i. 

So all fc noble brether naturyll of fe naite kynge, 

7024 Priam sons, pe prise kynges prertly Jiai foghten, 



Book XT. And monybueme in })o batell broght vnto ground. 

iBgUM^tmm Anglas, the able tyng, antrus of dede, 

iiHwdr *° To Meneataus migbtylf, )>e maistur of Atteus, 

""" 7028 He gird wi'tA a gret speire, greuit hym acre ; 

And the doke with a dynt derit hym agayn, 
)]at the viser Sc the rentaile Yoidet hym &o : 
The noble kyng in the naee hade an enyll voond. 
RtebnUur 7032 Then DianloF the doughty, ))at ^e deds segh, 
mtmmt How hia lootheT on the bent waa blody beronyn, 

""*"""' He mwkit to Meneataua wit/t a mayn dynt, 

)}at he hurlit fro hia horse to Jto hard erthe ; 
7036 But the Kenke vp roae with a lad wUle, 
And foght vpo fote as a freke noble. 
■iHtiMcbnthH Anojwr brother of ^ bold to ^e bneme rod^ 

ud tiH uin* ' And foght wttA hym felly aa he on fote waa : 

MMh^teo" 7040 Throly the >re men throt^ht hym aboute, 
totto^ISSi""" ^« ^^^ ^°^ ^ britton or to burghe lede ; 

But manly he macchit bom vith hia mayn 
atrokes,— f 

[ mi anon he vu luccoured by the king Theater. Bnt Hector 

then uufled them both, uid withoat fault they had not mxp^ 
had not Ajax the Btrong and valiant knight haoe coma to the 
reskne with a thoiuond knights, that he had in hit company. Then 
came on tho King of Ferae with fine thonund knighti, that Parii 
lead ; and lo did all the other Troyana, and made the Oreeki 
recnle, and goe back by force. Dares wiiteth in hia Boko, how that 

KMisr iiv* ■ Hector alow a tboniand knights, onel; in thii aaaanlt. 

"•TIJJJ^ Among til other things, Hector enconntrcd tho King Menon 

" ■ be'ore a Tent, and said to him : " ha, euill tndtoiir, that thon 

cud don lattert me to take the armes of Fatcocltu : " and then he smote him 

BO great a stroke that he fell downe to the ground. And after 
Hector alighted downe, and smote off hia head, and wonld bane 
taken his armes from bim : but Heneateus letted him, and smote 
npon Hector oaerthwart, by such force that be gaue him a great 

taSU wimAii wound, and went then his way without more tarrying, donbting the 
fary of Hector. Then Ilcctor went out of the throng and bound 
np his wound, that it bled no more ; and after went in againe into 
the prease, and slew in his eomming many Greekei. And Dares 
aajUi, that aBcr he had bound np his wonnd, he slew the »me day 
a thontand Knights, and there was none had courage to aaenge bim 

t Pol. 109 is awanting in MS. See Note. 

, Google 


•giiait bim, or difeod himaclfe, bnt b« put them all to flight ; and Book IV. 

tbs '^hoytiii entred into their TenU, and piUed and robbed them, "V 

aod tooke all the best that tbej could flode.] Guide di Colonna : ^^ ^ mg)it,*nid 
((rem TA4 Aiaianl Siitorit of TKt LtHntetiiM nf Tng. Sixth Ed. Uuli t«u at 
Loudon, 1636.) f™*"^ 

Gaimentw full gay all of grete ftirris, (ft*. »««■ 

7044 Bright beidie & Biasse broght >ai wttA-all, hs.; ■ 

And Toidet all as victors aTauntage to haue ; Siiii«ul'lii>ii». 

And eiijn laiked as horn list, lettid hom noght. 

\)a.i was duly the day & desteny wold, on thu dir tha 

7048 )}at for euer hade bea eude Angur to voids ; hmvg'hU'aia 

And ^Eu Tooen Jtaito wille neuer the werro aftnt, SS^nMn^"™ 

Ne neuer greke hom haue grenyt ne to grem 

Bat wlidia, fat is wicked, waitis hir avauutage, 
7062 "Witft ffortune ho felle, fat is of fer cast. 

All yei deateny witA dole has demyt to falle, 

Ay pntt«< of f e purpos, fat it enpaiie ahold, 

And ay ertsf to fe end ordant before. 

aa^t^NTlD: BT KUTOR 

7056 And Ector of all men euyll hit dissayuet^ HHtormiiU 

)>at his pepuli, and his pT-ouyns, & his pnie hele, pnpi^ 1,1a 
Might aoundly haue eauit witA his sad sttenght ; J^|^* ^ 
And aU his fos in the fight felly distroyet, ^Sl'^ 

7060 Ooutlee fat day, witAoat«n deire aftur, 
And all psrels ouer put plainly for ener. 
Hit ia lelly not louable in no lede oute, 
Of no wise mon to wale, when wirdea has 

7064 ffoi to taiy on hia tynte, when hym tydes &iie, 
And put of a purpos, fat empaiiea after. 
Or fat draghoB to dethe, and deres at f e ende. 
He fat tas not his tyma, when fe tyde askiia, Hattut imprai,-t> 

7068 Bnt lett«* it deuly ouerdryve wtt& delling to o 


DD.:ea by Google 


Wite not his wirdis, ^of h^ woo happyn ' 
And he fiat kepis not kyndly the course of his 

Sat aodAnly forsakes peA sent is of god, 
7072 Hit shalbe gricchit hym fat grace in his greta 
80 happit hit here to fis hed prtnse, 
Hondmble Ectoi, oddist of knightes, 
That hollj the Leihond hade at his wille, 
7076 And haue vttred his Enmyea angur pat tyme ; 
Hia worship haue wonyn, & his wille hade ; 
And all hiB fos in the filde fueraly ouer-comyn. 
J Then it cheuyt Jins by chaunee of pat chobe 

T080 )}at the sun of Exiona, pat was hia aib man, 

And Telamim, Jie t«et kyng, Jwrt was his true 

J)at cald was be course of the kynge> syde, 
TelamoniiM Aiax tmly to nome, 
7061 That a mon was of might & of mayn sbenght, 
He anntrid hym to Ector emystly with fight. 
The stoure was full stithe of }io stueme knightM I 
Aa ))ai fughtyn in fere with pen felle sweidia, 
7088 Hit Quntrid fat Ector, be ame of hia speche, 
Knew hym for his cousyn comyn of his Aunt, 
And eyb to hym-aelfe, sewyng of blode. 
R^otMd at tiM He was glad of the gome, & goode chere 

niMbiiTtKr, 7092 Yoidet his riser, anentid hym seluyn, 
tarutui^" ^^ ^^ ^ h^ semly all in sad wordis, 

paautt to Tror. Proyond hym preaUy, aa his pure frynd, 

Tome vnto Troy & talke wttA his cosyna,. 
7096 His honerable Em, & other of his ffryndM. 
He denyet hym anon wi'tA a nait wille ; 
Hill ledia for to lene hym list not as fen. 
Bat he proyet the prinse witA bis pure hert, 
7100 Iff be louyt hym, as he let to lene for fe ^me, 

h'TPwJf frr tlH 

) by Google 


jMt fe troiens in hor tenttes ahaid tene hom no Bookxr. 

inoie, paUlng u md i 

Kq dere hom witA dintte* whille fat day last, 
ITe folow hom no fiure, ae felle of hor pepnlL 

7104 Jim Tiifaappely hys heat he IioBtid to do, H^jtorpuittH 

psA angart hym aStet angardly soie, .— awi.g ui 

Tumyt hym to tene & all the tit BewmeL ^^,^^Zu™ 

Witft the tuk ofa tramp, aU hia tore knightM wi"^""""!. 

7108 He aaaemblit full sone, & sad men of annys, 
And comaundit hom kyndly, kynge« & all, 
To go bake &o )« batdl, & buske ^nto troy, 
And meno hym no mote, ne hot men kylle. 

7112 llieTroiens |)aire tore ehippis hade turnyt on hhti 


Wold hane brent hom barly, botis & other j 
Haue grippit thu goodie, & the gomea qwellet, 
And no lede vpon lyne left in ^e fild. 

7116 But at the biddyi^ of f6 bold, pat pe buemes led, 
))ai were aaaemblit fiill sone, & myche sorow hade, 
Wentton to ^ wale toon wailyng in bert, f 

£ntrid yrtth angar, and to fwre Innea jode. t 

7120 Thus cnrstly fat knighthode for a cause lights 
Voidet fere victory for vanit4 of specbe, 
)]at neuer auntiid hom aftur so ably to vryn ; 
Bat f nt^h domys of destany dreuyt to noght, 

7124 And ay worth Tnto werre, asye shall wete aflur. 

) by Google 

liij Voit. ®{ a Siein Saltan tino ffUmtSitg: 
antr of tiiE tljcOr ]3ateII, 

Wen fortim vyth fell augur feftia on bond, 
ffull tid in hire tens tumys lie ^e qwell ! 
Wen fea ffounet folk weie tatjn to tonne, 

7128 And entryd full Esely erdyng in Borow. 

After settyng of ^ Sun pai Seyn to fie jates, 
Braidyn vp Jiaire briggis, barrit bom fast ; 
Iche Biok to faae rest Ricbit bom Belnjn, 

7132 And eeit bom all nyght after ^atie deuyse. 
"Wen fe day Tp drogb, & Jie dym voidit, 
All )ie troiena full tit tokyn ^aire onnya, 
Tbat were hoole and rnburt hastid to ffild, 

7136 By the ordinauac« of Ector eriy at morow. 
To &re to Je fight fen foe to diatroy, 
And make an end of pere note naitly ])ai 

Bnt the grek«A, in the gray day, giaidly did send 

7140 A meaeage fall myldly to ]>e maiatur of Troy, 
Of a true for to trete of a tyme ahort, — 
Two monethea, and no more, po mighty deaaiiit. 
Hit vaa granntid agayn of )io giete all ; 

7144 Of Priam, & the prt'nse, & the pert Dukes. 
* Then the greke* were glad, gedrit fsre foike, 

That were hrittnet in batell, bn^ht horn to- 

) by Google 


Ttiai gird into graves fe grettiat of astate, Booii xvr. 

7148 And 'beriet horn baiily on hoi best 'wise. BiHiinbuitd, 

All the Bemnond and Boke radly ^ broght, buBBd. 

And brent vp the bodiea vnto baie aakis,— 

Gonsumet the corses foi vnclene aire, 
7162 As the costome vaa comynlyin contres of grece. 

Achilles, the choise kyng, waa of chere febill, Adtinxbrniia 

ffoT Patrodos, his pere, ))at put was to detbe : patndu. 

Myohe weping & wo, waylyng of tens, 
7156 And lamentacioun full long for loue of bym one. 

He aiaiet foi fat BioU, all of Biche stones, h* cmm th4 

A faiie toumbe & a fresshe all of ire marbill, ud proiagiuiia u. 

There closet he the kyng Tppon cleans wise, S^'"*"**"" 
7160 With SacrijSceand eolempnite vnto Beragodd««; 

And Prothessalon, the pert kyng, pat in another, 

"Wroght for fat worthy vppon wise faire ; 

And Merion, the m^ty, into mold put 
7164 'With soche woTsbipftill werbat, as fti w^hia 

All the Troiens, on the tothei aide, while the -n* itqIiub 

tru last, woondrt. 

Helit )>ere hurt men f uigh helpis of lovhes. 
By two monethea were myldly monit to end, 

7168 Iche &eike was Qrn hole of fere fell huitteti. 
Caie hade the kyng for Cassibilon his son. 
Sot ho was noblist & next of his naite childien, if^- ixa-) 
ffuU teudurly wi'tA teris tynt myche watur, Fittm moam 

7172 And mouraet full meknll, for he |)e mon louyt. f.-i i-i., ->,,. i. 
In Venna temple J« worthy, in a wale toumbe iwl^'rioui. 
He bereit that bold on his beat wise. 
CaaBandray, the kynge« doughtur, consayoit the 

7176 Weping and woOj fat Jw weghis made, 

8ho brast out in a birre, & to be bold said : — c««Ddrm bnmii 
"A ! wrecchea Tnwar, woo ya in oui bond ! Trtd«n,»od 

Why Sustayn ye fat sorow, fat Sowes for eaer, SSsjimwtih 

7180 With care foi to come, & cumbraiis to allt 
Why proffer ye not pes, or ye payne thole. 
And 1m done to fre dethe witA dyntte« of aweides t 
Thie Cit^ and pe soile be sesit you ho, 

7184 Onertymet wiiA tene, temple and o^ ; 

Modris fere myld childer wtt7t moumyi^ behold, 
Be eet Tnder aerua^ & boiow to byde I 
£lan was nener honour auenant bo mykell, 

7188 Ne ao precione of prtse to pay for ts all ! 
So mony to be martrid for malice of hir I 
All otu lyiiye to loae for lore of hii one 1 " 
When the Icyng had conaayuit Cassandta noise, 

7192 He comaundet hir be caght, 8e closit full haid : 
In a Btithc houee of ston stake hir vp faat ; 
There bo lengit full longe, aa J« lyue eaya. 
Folomydon, the proud kyng, priee of the 

7196 Made murmur fnll mekyll in the mene tyme, 
Agamynon the grete was of no gie cbeie 
To beire the chaige as cheftan of ^ choise 

Moie syttyn be aaJde hym seluyn to haue, 

7200 As Bicher of Benttfs, & Biollier of astate ; 
Held hym foi no hede, ne wold his heat kepe, 
Sat he Cbajgyt was for no cheflain, ne choayn 

by hym 
Ke of xzx" other )to kynget, fat friuond were 

7201 Was non assentyd to Jiat eouerain sothely but 

Witftout ordinaunce of other only or assent ; 
Bnt of Jiat mater was meuit nomore at jxit 


When the tyme was ourtymyt, and fe tru vp, 
7208 Agamynon fe grekys gedrit in J» fild. 

, Google 


Armyt at all feae» abill to fyght, bmhti. 

Aiaiet; on a rout redy to batell. imd« th* 

Achillea the choiee chaigit to batell, AdiiiiH, 

7212 And Diomede the derfe drogh next ailwr ; ic«MiM»,iind 

Monelay the mighty meuit witA the f rid ; Mimrtimu. 

The Duke of Athena after aontird wttA the ii^j'^. 

JjUB ordant -were all men angardly mony, 
7316 In batele fall big all boune to ^ wene, 

flaire yohe fnrde folowand on other, 

And past ftuth prudly into )m plaine feld. 

Ector, on the other side, egor hym aelfe, h*(*« unji ihi 

7220 Dressit for )>e dede, deuydyt hia pepull. Tnuu nsDuuai 

Troiell, the tru knight, betakon was the fitst, diTinon. 

In his company to kayre many kene bueme ; 

Other batela fiill bigge, with bold men to ride, 
7224 He aiaiet full EioUy by redo of hym aelnyn. 

Then the prinse with his power past to the lond, 

And gird fnrth on hie gate witli a giym chore. 

He met horn full monly vith bis mayn dyntte^ 
7228 And giid bom to ground & to grym dethe. 

Ector to Achilles amyt hym sone, BMwud 

jMt he knew well be course waa his kene fo; intoxii: boik 

And he keppit hym kenely, and coupid to-gedur, 
7232 That bothe went bakwaid & on bent lay. 

Bat Ector the boni!rable erst was on fote, 

Lepe on a li^t hotse, leuyt Achilles, HKtor ramoanu, 

Breke purgh batels, britnet the grakea, ai^uuh ds ui* 

7236 Kyld mony knigbte«, kest hom to ground. '™" 

Mony hiirlet to J« hard ertbe & fen horse leuyt ; 

Mony woundit wegh fro his wepyn past I 

So he hurlit hom on hepis with his hard dintte*, 
7210 Till he waa blody of |)e buemes, & bis bright (M.iiia.) 

Acb tiles also afterward rose. 

Hit on bis boree, hurlit into fight, 

Mony Troiens ouerfymyt, tumblit to dclbe. 

, Google 


BadtXTL 7244 And shot ^nrgh Jwi'e aheltrons, shent of )io pepulL 
iLgfin Httmrmni jKn auntred it efisoaea )>at Ector hym met^ 

Ab he fore ))urgli the feld he ferkit hym to. 
And aither lede fall lynely lachit rpon other, 
7246 ]}at hia speire alto sprottes sprent horn betwene, 
AcbuiH n Km* And he hwlet doun hedstonpis to fe bard erth& 

tHKpaiaptiin, Ector )iat od kyng aniitrid to take^ 

But he «as put fio hie purpoe wttA prese of the 
7262 And roskewet fall radly by renkes of his owns, 
Achilles highit in hast, and on horse van, 
HaruuDiid And auntred Tppon Ector a full od dynt. 

mini^iawub He hit on his helme wt'tA a heuy aw^ord, 

7266 Jwt grenit bym full gretly, gert hym to stoupe ; 
But in his sadell full sound )ie aouerain hym held. 
Yne wode of his wit for the irale stroke, 
He choppit to Achilles wttA a chore feile ; 
uKi i> toniir 7260 Hotorly his helme hurlit in sonder, 

)]at the fas in the fell hast femyt on blode. 
fSall big was the batell )io buernOB betwene I 
Hade it last but a litle on }ie laund so, 
7264 Auther doutles had d^hit of yo derfe knightet ; 
But other batola full big vppon bothe haluys, 
firusshet in faeraly fo frekes betwene. 
And depertid horn with preee of fiaire pale 

7268 }}en Diomede the derte drogh into batetl, 

With mony greke« full grym of a gret will ; 

And Troiell wiiA a tore folke twrayt hym agayne. 

Boldly tho buemea bickryn to-gednr, 
7272 That aither backward was borne & on bent lay ; 

Bat Diomede full deraly dresdt Tp firat, 

And wightly for all the woo wan on his horse ; 

Swynget out a sword, swappit at )iat other ; 
7276 Sundret the semle of his sure helme. 

Jjat other freke vpon foto, furgh his fyn atrei^tht, 


TBOtLca oiprnnED and reboitbd. 236 

Diomedes dere hoise vnto dethe broght Bookm. 

And BO tbe Inikes on fote foghton to^edur I (m. us k) 

7260 Bat the grekes fraiie ga.y kynge getyn appoloit, ^ttiin umt u* 

And the Troiens Jiot tothet on a tried stede. flfhttciiMiar. 

(ten foght ftd in fere with fen felle awordes, 

And delt mony djntt«^ ))0 doughty in fere. 
7284 Bat Diomede in daungei duly hym toke, 

And tumyt witA the Troien tomly away, Tniiiu la 

Wold hane bioght furlh the bueme to his big juanniim, ni 
tent; t„j««. 

Bat he was tarriet wiik the Tioiens, & tenit fall 
7288 And wemit of his wille, Jrof hym vo thoght ; 

His pray &o hym puld, & his pepull slayn. 

Then to batell vas boane bold Menelaas, 

Horlit in hastely wit& a boge folke. Buiia i»tnn 

7292 Wttftoutyn taiTing o }« tother side titly cam mmuiwbuii 
Paris, ^*^ 

With mony triet knight of Ttoie, & the toile 

So byco«ret f e batells vppon bothe halnys, 

And Bestoret wt'tft stithe men ye stoaie was full 
hoge ! 
7296 Mony doughty fat day deghit in the fild, 

Mony wofuUy woundit, & wappid to ground ! 

There vas crie of kenmen, crossing of vepyn, 

All the bent of f o buernes blody beronnen I 
7300 Ectoi euermoie egerly foght, ii«uirBukH 

Breke of )>ere bateU, britnet fsT-e knightes, Ondx 

Mekyll gteuit the grekes with his giete strenght, 

And kild all to kold dethe, pat couatridbymwiti. 
730i There come launchand o fe lend a lyuely yong 

IfoT made at the note, & nomet BoeUies. a Touif knight. 

He anntrid hym to Ector euyn at the tyme, iriui him i ud n 

And ^e mighty hym met with a main dynt ; mhL 

, Google 


7308 Carve bym suyn fro the create cleane to )« uaaell, 
Jut he gird vsto ground & the gost jelde j 
Aiid seeit bya siue hoiae & a saroand betaght. 


Aivliilaciis, a choise kyiig & cheftain of grece, 
7312 Be hiB cosyn so kild & cast to )ie dethe. 
Wold Tenge o fai velany in a rile hast. 
And ayree vnto Ector Angardly swithe. 
Hie Prinse hym peraayuit & preset hym. agayn ; 
7316 With the bit of bis blade he bobbit hym », 

Thiugh the might of }ie moa & fe mayn atrengbt, 
He olefe hym to }ie coler, & the kyng degbit. 


Piothenor, a pert knigbt, preset bym ner, 
7320 Set hym a sad dynt Sydlyng by-bynd ; 

Ynhoisit hym hetuily, er be hede toke. 

But Ector in angtw eguily rose, 

Was hoisat in bast, bent to bis aword, 
7324 Preset to Frotbenor in a proude yre ; 

He mcrkit bym in mydward the mydell in two, 

)}at he felle to fe flat ertbe, flote he no lengwr. 

Achilles f&n auertbward ^is aontro beheld, 
1 7328 How Protbenor was perysshet, his aune pure 

He angart bym full euyll, & egerd hym wttfc, 

Sot the detbe of fa dere his dole was )»e more. 

paa be gedrit the greke« wi'tA a grete yre : 
7332 Of f o kynges, fat were kild, & ofer kene mony, 

Wold haue Tengit of }ie velany, & Jw vile harme. 

Pen preset (lai full prudly, & pynet bom selle. 

The Troiens bom tenyt and tyrnit to dethe; 
7336 Wet hom wiVi woundes, warpit hom doun ; 

Greuit bom full gretly, gird hom abacke. 

)jen fled all in fere, & the fild leuyt, 

, Google 


Tumyt to fere tenttes, fe troiena hom aftwr, a«i *iyi. 

7340 Slogh Iiotn in the elade, elang hom to ground ; thrirtmu Th* 

Woondit hom vikkidly, volt hom of hoise. and aa Uum 

Jjnfl neghet hom wt'tA noye, till fe night come ; 

Left torn for kt«, laimchet to towne ; nwii andi ai 

7344 Entrid in bU aomyn, euyn at hor wills ; 

fibre to ^era Innes, Sc paa the fight endit I 


itiij Softe. ®ff ti)r Couneell of t^e exOas 
f£ot tift ©etije of (Ector / & t>e iiif »aUU. 

Herkinys now a hondqwile of a hc^h em. 
And I Bchall tell yon full totnly how bom tids 
aftur ! 
7348 When the day oner drogh, & the derk entrid, 
The eternea full stithly starond o bfte ; 
All merknet the mountens & mores aboute ; 
The ffowlea fere fetbera foldyn to gedur. 
7362 Nightwacche for to wake, waites to blow ; 
Toie fyrea in the tenttes, tendlia olofte ; 
All the giet of the greka gedrit horn somyn. 
EyngM & knightes clenneat of wit, 
73fi6 Dakei & derSe Erlea droghen to counaell, 
In Agamynon gret tent gedrit were all. 
There only was OTdant of Ectora dethe, 
WitJi all Soteltie to serche opon sen wise ; 
7300 ffor sothely )iai saidon, and for sure holdyn, 
But fat doghty were deile & his day comyn, 
Thaiffl happyut not the herhond to haue of 
TbtTiiirtiw He was fully the fens & the lyn stuff 

tiM dv H i!!^ 7364 Of all the tulkes of Ttoy, )>at hom tene wroght ; 
** "* "'"■ ffuerea on hie foes, fellist of other. 

And dethe to the derfe grekes delt hym aboute. 
Then by ordinaunce of all men, as abliste fierfota, 


7368 Aohilks hj cliaunse may chefe to ^s woiae, 

And be dede of his djntte^ but if desteny let. 
WliQn this purpos was plainly putto tm end, 
Tben partid the prinsie, and the pnse duks^ 

7372 Tamyt to fere tenttes & tarit no lengur ; 
And Bapit to fen rest, rioU & other. 
When the light vp l&unchit, littid the erthe, 
The derke oiwr-done, and f e day aprange, Saxaij Of 

7376 All the greket in hor geire gedrit to feld, aiidiaUiairbaM 

Weie bonn on the bent on hor best wise. ' 

And fe Btitheet in stonre, stnmyst of knighta^ 
Honerable Ectot, fai eger was ay, (ftd.i»<.) 

7380 £ner waker and vnwar, wightist in armys, wdHaMoriMd* 

Past furth with his pepoli &o the pure Git6 : und. 
flfoie euyn to ^9 fild witA fuersmen of Troye, 
That hym self hade asslgnet surest of othir. 

7384 Eneas aflurward wiih abiU men ynow ; 
Paris fea pat furthe wtt& a proude folks; 
BeffebuB drogh next wt'tA a derfe pepuU ; laOn Mioir, 

Troiell, the tru knight, wi'tA a triet menye, o!m«rtiM! 

7388 And other, ^t Ector had oidant befoie, 

Snet forth to ^e semely, aa ))ai assignet were. 
The fiist of fo fueise men, fai to %ht past. 
Was Ectoi, hym avine selfe, wttA odmen of troye, 

7392 As Daies in his dytyng of his dedis tellis. 
fJTO the Git6, the same day, sogbt to ^e fild, 
With the prinse, to the plase, and his prise 

& i^ .H. thio men, ^riuond in armys, 

7396 And t .U. fer, faeramen & noble. 

])en gird thai lo-gedur wttft a giym will 1 

The atore waa full stithe ; ])«re st«if mony TiuMthit 

knights I D^TuS'SSi 

Paris, wt'tft the parseans, pr«sit in first, "* •n*™- 

7400 Witft his bowmen full bold bykrit witA the 

) by Google 


Book xvn. Mooy woundit tho 'weghia & wioght Yato dctho, 

And harmyt full hogely witA fere baid abot 

Agmmmm !■ Than AgamyQou the grete gird into batell ! 

staita, 7404 Ector full egerly etlit hym to mete, 

Gild hym Euya to pe grond vi'tA a grym hurt : 
Halfe dede of pe dynt fere )ie duke lay. 

wiwiinutHtoa Than Achillea with a choise eword clioppit to 

hr AddllHiUd T, . 

buUibdiBM JliCtOr, 

'■"*"■ 7403 Alto hurlet the helme of fe high prinsa ; 

But hym sduyn was safe, & his Bcate helde. 
TroUa nad Thaa TroUus full tite, <fc tid^ Eneas, 

hiiD. Chefyn to Achilles w/t& choise men ynogh, 

7412 Hurllt hym haetely, harmyt hym full mekull, 

Bere hym bak of pe bent & hia huemce alL 
DUnttemtia^ Then Piomede, the derfa kyng, drof to Eneas, 

(fiiLm*,) Woundit hym wykkidly, & to )« whe saide : — 

unntiuni' 7416 "2sov, wolcum I-wysse, for fi wale coimsell, 

]iat in presens of Pr^m purauet me to fle ! 

Wete hit foil well for ))i wyU febill. 

If Jwu contynu by course, & cum into batell, 
7420 YoQ shall happyn in my handia hardly not fiiile, 
udwUhiiura And be ded of my dyntis for ^i dissire old." 

u" Jjen he drof to the duk -with n dynt fell, 

YnhoTsit hym in hast, had hym to ground. 
7424 Ectoi eitirsons ettlyt on Achilles, 
HditorrHiHioB And gfeult hym full gretly wiVi a giym stroke, 

utbtuut; Alto hurllt bis belmo, hurt byra full etiyll, 

,g„^ . Wold haue takyn hym full tit, but at tene fell 

^™thT* ^ 7428 A sad man full sone, >e sun of Theseus, 
kbmt to i^iun gggii Achillea myschauyt, cboppit to Ector : 

With a Bwyng of his sword swagit on Jje pn'nsc. 

Ector, for fie stithe stroke stoynyt do thyng, 
7432 Gryppit to bia gode sword in a grym yre, 

Drof Tuto Diomedo, |)at deiyt hym before, 

Jnt hedstonpis of his horse he hurlit to ground, 

Jjat Toilus in pe toile ^is torfer beheld, 

, Google 


7436 3^Ii Cfomede with a dynt dryuyn to fote. 
He Ijght doun fall lyuelj leayt his horse, 
And dreasit to Dyamedo -wiUi a derfe chere. 
JM &ete hym dufendit wttA a fyn wyll, 

7i40 Were hym foil wightly, and his wochc past 

Achilles and Ector angarely &ght J Aduu 

Furse was fe faro )k> fyn men l>etwene ; ud t^ 

But ^er hastid on bond help vnto bothe, 

7444 WttA batela fuU hyg, fat on bent met. 

J^n Menelay fe myghti, & mo»ly Vlixes ; 
Palomydon, Philomj-tea, Fhilothetes J>e grele ; uoai 
N'eptolon pe nobiU, & Nestor Jw duk ; c^k 

7448 Theseus, & Tboax, & uioDy tiyed knigbt ; ^„^ 

MeneataiiB |>e mygbty, & modi Giriliufl ; '■^* 

StelletM, J»e sty the kyng, wttA a stume wyll j 
pea gyid in o f e grekys side wi'fA a gtym ost 

7462 On the totbir Side fro Troy twrnyt in swith, (fo 

All |ie kyngis, fat were comyn by course of udto 

])ere helpe, Uidi^ 

"With Jiere batela full b^ & mony buemo fello, t^ 

As honerable £ctor bade ordant before. 

7456 Uit ie wonder to wete of fo wegfaee fen, 
Uow fell was fe fight of fe fnerse pepull I 
Howstitb men & stcdis were strikon to ground, 
And mony derf ^t was ded er fe day endit 1 

7460 Agamynon fe grete, & bis gay brother, 
Menelay wi'tA mayn macchit bom in fere, 
And presit vnto Paris all wttA pfde bate, umni 

The duke for to deiie & to dethe bringe. 

7464 Menelay bym met vi'tA a mayn speire. 

And woundit bym wickedly, warpit bym wmaA 
doun; anh. 

But Ilia armour waa od good & ongardly f icke, 
And saoit fat Syre, socurd bis lyfe. 

7468 Then abamet fe abalke for fe shene Elan, P"^ i 

Pai he beld in his hate fro fe hed kyng. 



J)en Vlixes & Arest angurdly faght: 
Vlexes gird hym t« groud, grippit hie hoise, 
7172 Sent hym by a seniaund sooe to hia tent. 

Polimytes, |)e proud kyng, presit Tnto Hupon, 
Wondit hym \nckedly, warpit faym to dethe. 
Keptolemu^, the noble, Dolpit to Aichilagon, 
7476 Tbat both went backward & bultvppon the erthe, 
Polidamas to Falomydoa presit so fast, 
}]at he gird hym doun grymly vttft a grytu 

Bpake lo hym spitously, dispisit hym foule ; 
7180 ffore yriih hym fuersly all in fell angur. 
Steitcn a^ia StelleiM, the stithe kyng, etiake vnto Carax, 

mihonoi um. Hurlet hym of horse, hade hym to ground. 

FyiBiHiiH Philmen,- the ftieiee, witA a fell dynt 

Dnks or AUitiu, 7 181 Diof to the derfe duke, doughty of Athens ; 
h(a^ Hurlit hym doun hedlyngM, & hia horse toke ; 

(M.iis».] Baght hym full ladly to a lynke of hia owne. 

PhiicKUrMud Philoc wi'tA felle angur irusshet to Bemo, 

mbanHi ; u Um 7188 Till bothe welt backward of hor bare sadlea. 
Eoruiu. Theseus, a tore kyng, tachit on Enrialoti, 

That aither wegh other wonndit, & welt to ]>e 
ThebnKbgnvf The noble brether naturell naited fere strengbt, 

J^o'JSu. 7192 Mony woundit in war wroght J»o Jiat day ; 
1^^ Mpny grekw, thurgh hor grefe, on fe ground 

leuyt ; 
Mony woundit J)o worthy of ^ire wale kynge*. 
Tttunon BgiiM TelamoB, the tore kyng, wtt& a togh apeire, 

bouiuiuui* 7196 WitA the kyng of Capadoye caupit so barde, 
^mi^y" paX bothe were ^ai bold men borne to )ie giene, 

Woundit full wickedly in wer of hor lynea : 
In the brest of fe batell fere ^ buemya lay I 
7500 l}en Achillea cherfull, & his choise coayn 
Athuttt hhi iin Toax, )iat other, a tote moD of atrenght, 

iii>« HMor, iM Ayron vnto Ector angoidly soie I 



Wi'tA tlio Btrenglit of bar stroke, & hor store faro, Book xvji. 
7504 Tbe helme of hia hede )iai hurlit to p«cee ; woiuid bim u 

Woimdit hym wickedly wttA wepon aboae, 

jjat fe Sinek of ted blode nn donn his chokes. HKtor in ■ net 

But Ector in angor aykeward he stroke, mid cota ostuor 

7508 Tachit vpoD Toax, toke hym in the face, 

He hade of fie halfe naae to fie haid cheke« ; 

And he, for dere of fie dynt, droppid on fie laund. 

jMn his noble brother naturell ne^hit hym Tbatnthgn 
aboute, ™°km muv ' 

7612 Socord hjm full sone vrith ftaire sod helpis. ^!^^" 

HonjgrAes fiai gird doun wttAfere grym fete! ""o™*!*!™™- 

Eyng Toax ])ai toke, & to toun led ; 

Telamon, ^t toie kyng, so tonfully wondit, 
7516 )Mt he was borne on hia brode aheld yrith 
buemea to bis tent^ 

As for ded of the dynt, dresait of fie fild, 

And left halfe lyneles with ledis of his aune. 

Menday wttA malys meuyt hym to Paria, 

7520 JM frake forto felle foudit at all -, 

But Paris, wi'tA a prtee arow put into Vonum, Puii wonndi 
Hurt bym bo hidously, fiat he his horse leuyt, potnosd unw. 
And was borne to his bare tent with his bold wm-iun-) 

7521 As for dede of )ie dynt, bo derit bym sore j 
But leches full lynely bkid his woond ; 
WitA oile and with ointment abill ^erfote, 
Bond it full bigly on hot heat vise. 

7528 And Menelay wi'tA malis meuit Tnto batoll, Mmeiui huiui 

To venge on hia volany & his vile harme ; dr™«i,.grin 

Predt vnto Paris yrith a priae speite, ««*• nrn. 

Wold haue hurt hym full hidnsly, or had hym 
to groimd. 

7532 But Eneas come ouerthwert, aa aunt^rs befelle, £n«uHiimea 
And Eeppit the caupe on his clone ahUd, 
ifor the buerue was hare of body vnarmyt, 

, Google 


Book xvu. And 80 went be to wer wilfully hjra selfe, 

7636 Jjat wist well the wale kyng, Jwt waited hym bo. 
To haue slaya liym fall sl^hlj wttA sleght of 
his hond. 
•aam Firii, Eneas eftir, wi'tA abill knightw monj, 

tetoMinw Send hym to pe Cit£ for the same cause, 

■*^' 7540 ffor manyng of Keoelay at Jie mene tyme. 

Hactornuhaoii Jmh Ectof come ^uilj, euyn Tpon-one, 

Mm u cmion llerkit hym to Menelay, the mon for to take ; 

ynrmt um. ^^^ P^ multitude was so mekill, ^t marcit hym 

7644 And put hym iio purpoe with & prese hoge, 
That he leuit the lede, laonohit aboute^ 
Gird doon of fa grekes gi^mly -with stroke^ 
ffrueshit fiuigh the fronnt, fell horn to dethe t 

TteOnAiin 7548 ThnTghe the potur of Je prt'nc^ & his pert 

■dcu «D<i> th* knightM, 

•■^^ t)en fled all in fere, & the fild leuit; 

Toniit to fen tenttes witA tone at ^ere hertis. 
Thai sesit of fe eate^ Jm sun was to lest, 
7662 And tumyt to fe toune, taned no lengnr 1 

) by Google 

x&tijt l&oie of H)e ffguet Batell in tfie Settle. 

As hit happit of ^es tynd, lierkyn a while I ( 

"WlLBn the derke vas don & the da; sprang, 
Thes kyngw and knightes, kid men of arms, 

7566 Were assemblit Ml sone in hor sure wedin. Th« 

Then Pn'am full plainly purpoe hade takou, |^ 
That no fnike to fie fight shold fare out of toun, ^ 
But yche lenke take his rest right as hym liked. ^- 

7560 And of maters to mene in )in meue tym<^ 

The kyng sent for his sons and aou«nuna of Hai 

T«>y,- S; 

Ector, & Eneac^ and Alezsaonder Paris, 
Tiollus f e tru knight, tristy of hond, 

7564 Deftebus fe doughty, & derfe PaUdamas. 

When the knightes were comyn, fus the kyng 

said: — 
" Wot ye not worthy, fe wale kyng Tear 
Is put in our pouer, out pr»on witAin, 

7566 pat myche hanne wttA his hond bappont to do. 
And witA hia pouer hath preset oure pepoll to sio, 
Ouie Citie to sese and ouie side londst 1 
fibr his hardines heie, & his hegh malis, 

7572 He shold be done to fe dethe by domys of right, — 
To be hangit in bast, or bis bede tyne : 
Thas me semyth for certain, now sais me your 

) by Google 


BmitTvin. Tlie[n] anaward Eneaa easaly agajne : — 

Awunnnd, 7576 "Lord, vriih jour leue, fai were a laithe de<Ie ! 
In ■ iiickKi imi. Sycbe a cliatmae for to cbefe choialy of jou, 

The noise of ycmr nobilt4 were noyet for euw ! 
Syne he ia gret of degre, groimdit of old, 
7580 And mony syb to hym aelfe of souerans & other, 
ii rMm mr Ye haue ledis, ^at ye lone, & lightly may happjm 

migiitpHMaa Of yottf eons to be eeeit, or sum sib other: 

MhMt^t t**" ^^ greke* for grem in hor gret* yie, 

tovwiifPrisii'i 7584 Wold dight hym to dethe, your dole to increse. 
Hit might eothely be eiche on, as yo«r self 


fibr mybdll of Jiis medill ertbe ^t myschefe to se : 

Therfore, eothely me eemeth, sauyng your wille, 

nitb>i)inJii 7686 Hit is bettur pia bold kyug in the burgh hold. 

prills te He may be chaungit by chaunse for sum cboise 

"" other, 

Juat ia takon of Troy, if hit tyde so j 
And the lure be ^e lea fen the lyfe tyne." 
(M.1I8S.) 7592 Ector to Eneas egeily assentid, 

And confermyt his cotmsell in cas for )» best ; 
And lowet the lede for his leue speche. 
Then Frtam to ^ purpos presUy can say : — 
I 7596 " If we leue hym on lyue, & the lede kepe, 
Oure fomen, in faith, for faint will vs deroe ; 
And hold ts vnhardy oure harmys to vengo ! 
But, neuerthclea, as you list, of pat lord wirke; 
7G00 And, as yo conngell in the cas, I comaund be 
When this speche was sped, apeke )ai no ffene. 
Eneas to Elan Etlit to wend, 
I. To se hir in sight, and solas ]>at fre. 

7604 He toke W(tA hym Troilus & trusty Antenor, 
And went in full wightly into a wide halle. 
There was Ecuba fe hon«rable, & Elan to-gedur, 
Wi'tA women of worship, the worthiest of Troy: 



7608 There a^h yea fat aemly, & wttA soft wordys, Boufcxrui. 

Comford hui kyndly with carpyng of mowtbe. 

The grtket for J>e greuauoce & the grete harmyB, Tt» a™tk« 

ffor the tene, fat hom tyde^ & tj^yng of pepuU, «u« ; uui 
7612 Made myche munuur & menlt hom sote, thooHinit ftni* 

Afl folia, pat folily hade faien bo home ^l!^^*?! tu* 

To pat hom in pcrell to pwyaehe Jwre lyues ; '"■ 

Mychs gold & goodfs vngraidly dispeudit, 
7616 WitA moTiy hormya, fat hom hepit of hor hede 

And might hane lei^t in hor lond, & fe iak 

The aame night waa a note, noyet hom all ; — a gnu (tom ot 

A thondir witA a thicko Bays thrublit in f e ooma down, niui 
7620 Orurahotyng wttA shouiea thnigh fere ahene 

As neuer water fro the welkyn hade waynit 

The flode waa so felle, with fallyng of Rayn, 

Hit was like, by the leat, as oure lord wold 
7624 WttA water haue wastid all f e world efle : 

So kene waa f e couise of the cold ahouiee t 

And more grenit the grekeg by fe grym viudes, 

Jjat wscknet ao wodely, wait ouer the loggee ; i*» •** ofOw 
7628 Oiwrtymit the tenttw, teghit vp the ropea j (w. iws.i 

And alto r^et & rent all the riche clothes, staunwd. 

When the derke ousTdn^, & fe dym voidet^ 

The Btonrme wax etill, stablit the course ; 
7632 The sun in his sercle sette vpo lofte ; 

All cleiit the couise, clenstt the aire ; 

The greke* hor geire gripplt anone, (i»rtmani)iig 

Bonnet vnto batell, and to bent drt^he ! thmmtm ibr 

7636 AchilleB, of all men auntrid hym fiiat, 

fToro enyn to the fild wt'tA a felle pepull : 

Then Diomede the doughty, & derfe UenelaDS, 



Bookxvni. Agamynoti thegret«,[&] ^goodedukcof Athens. 

AciiitiM iivi to* 7610 With the lijng of Jjona full cantly caupit 
J)at he drofie hym to dethe yriih the dynt of a 
HMaitar* Aatcneiu oq Ector full egerly met^ 

Bat, er he past fro the prtnse, he waa pale ded. 
MonudB diri 7644 Then Diomede, the deife kjng, degbit out of lyu« 
Xoutipos, )% Bame tyme, pat vae a Bura kyng. 
Two kyoges Jiere come, }iat were kyde hrether, — 
EpietafuB fe pert waa propuily Jiat one, 
7648 And Tediua, >at tothii, — tyd^ men botbe : 
"" Vppon Ector emiBtly foB egir men set. 

Ephiatafna faym presit with his proude woidss, 
Ab a ribold wi'tA reuerey in his Roide Bpeche, 
7652 SythenspnroithymdiBpitouslywitAaepeiTefeUe; 
But he hurt not ]iathynd,iie hadehym to ground; 
Se the deire of his dynt daait hym but litle. 


Ector, Tratbed at Mb vordis, waynit at the kyng, 
7666 ))at he gird to f>e gronnd and the goet yald : 

pen -narpid be Jies vordia in hi« wild hate : — ■ 
lion " ffor Jioa of flytyng was fueisewitA ttekea ■vppoa 

"<^ lyne, 

Go dresse pe to dedmen, & dyn pen a while." 
■iiDQn. 7660 This, Tedins the totbir full tomly hehekL 
••ng* Gret pytie witA payne penrit his hert ; 

0^ ffor tbe dethe of ^at deie doublit his Borow. 

* <■) He cald of bis knightes of clene men a tbowsaund, 

7664 That aU haatid to pat hend hertly & mo. 

He bade bom full boldly, for bale vpon ertbe, 

AU folow to ^t freke, ^t his fere slogh. 

On bia broder bale dethe baldly to venge, 
«7 7666 All Buyt on fat syie in a sad bast, 
dd. And laited aflur ^e lede witA a light wille ; 

:ectv Google 


Saght ^ the eoK pnoBe tbargh the sjde hatcU. Bosk xriii. 

fforsit hym wtVt fight, fellyo hyiii aboute, ud u lut 

7672 Vnhonet hym in hast, hade hym to fote. 

Tedinfl, the tore ijng, in a tene jre, 

fBappit at hym felly wi'tA a fyne Bwerde, xtaiam mimt ■ 

The worthy to wound, & warp vnto dethe. I^l,'*,^', 

7676 Then aantrid (tat Ector aurthwert beheld "" "" ■'"^ 

The etroke of {u stith ; witA a strenght smiB 

He keppit the canpe on his dene eheld, 

And britnet the bold wi'tA a bieme dynt : Btetattatmaa 

7680 The right aime, wi'tA a T&ppe, reft fro )» ehnl- n^^h!^'' 

Hurlit hym to hard erthe, hue hym to dethe. 

Eneas to Amphimak angnidly drof. 

And the lede wiIA a launse out of lyne brogbt 1 

7684 Then the gieku full giymly gediit in eomyn, 
Menelay the mighty wtt& s maine batell I 
The Dnke of Athens full derf, & Dyamede the 

Telamon the tyd^, & tiisty Tlixes; TbtOnakiadFr 

7668 Archillans also, Agamynon hym selfe, ii«», ■»<] diMi^ 

And Machaon ^ mighty, menit hym with. °'™' "^"" 

Ail fee bold wt'tA fiere batels brocbet in swithe, 
ffell was the fight at the first stoure 1 

7692 fiuenies vpon bothe balnes brittoned full mony I 
Grot slaght in y« slade, & atyngyng to ground, 
And mony lost hade ))e lyfTe, or )ie larke endit I 
Be Jiat the Sun in his Seicle set was o loft, (*».) 

7696 At the merke of )>e myddaywi'tAhis mayn course; 
When the gTek<» were gedrit, & gird into fight, 
"With all the forse of the fell ost frnsahet by-dene; 
That f>e Tioiena wttA tene tumyt to flight, t^ tr^u dn. 

7700 ffor oppressing wttA payne, & of pale strokes ; 

Than AchiUes wttA a chop cbannset to sle aauimiiit* 

Phillee, a fre kyng, wi'tA his fyn strenght 

) by Google 


Thereat Xlctor was angry, & out of his wit I 
7704 Two kjagea he kyld of the kene grtket, — 

Ampheoor the funrse, and the freike Duriue ; 

And wonderfully wroght at the wode stouro, 

TbuTgh poner of the pn'nse & his pert knighted, 
ta^u!^'""'^ 7708 The Troiens tumyt in fnll tyte, tokyu the fild, 
drive'blck Oh ffoghtjn full fuersly, fell mony greke^ 

Beron hom abacke mtA a breme wille. 

Bpiitrophin 1 hen kyng Bisshop the bold fro the burghe come 

dijiriUiioM 7712 Wi'tft thro thowsaund bro knighted, brong into 

All wighl men in wer, willy to fight, 
And boldly the bekirt, britnet ^ere fos. 
■nd tbt Mniiis There come wttA thia kyng a coynt mon of shappe, 

boTH, biiTmuL 7716 ffellist in fight, and a fyn archer : 

ffro the Nauell netherward he was an able horse, 
And euyn made as a man fro the medill vp. 
rfta.'iiiB.} The fell of fiot freike, faerae to beholdo, 

7720 ffro fe hede to po hele herit as a capull ! 
HiiiBgiba&ia Thof his face was fourmyt as a fre mon, 

orar blind Hid Hyt wss colouft by Course as a kowlt red. 

hoM^udwi^ His Ene leuenaund wttA light as a low fyn, 

Slip's uT'" '■y^i "Wttt streroys faU stithe in his Btepe loke. 
°™^ He was a ferfull freke, in fas to beholde ; 

And mony ledea wi'tfi his loke laithet full enyll ! 
He neyt as a nagge, at his nose thriUes ! 
wiihoot lumw, 7728 No hawberke he hade, ne hames of mayle, 

[to, itooj But bare into batell wt'tA a bowe etronge, 

ba (OH to bdoT' Wi'tA gret arowes & giym in a gay qwyuer. 

When this feerfiill freike frusshet into batell, 
7732 The grete horses on the grene girdon abockc, 
Sparit for no Spurse, speddyn to the flight. 
And grete aSiay in the fild for fcare of hym one. 


llinighe the birre of hu bowe & hie big Arme, 
7736 Mou; woundit the Tegh to f6 wale detbe, i 

And mycbe gteuit the gasket viih his giym &re. 


Ector foght in the fild felle of his Enmys. 

Polexenaa, a pert Duke, )Kit )ie prtDse met, 
7740 He dai^ to the detbe with his derfe veppon. 

And wonderfnlly wroght in his wild yte. 

This orribell aicher so angardlj wroght, ma ■un and 

Kenyng tboigh the route wtt& his roid arowea, i^^^ortha 
7744 Wtt/t the Troiens so tore, tyd^ men also, ^H«hS«7 

That mjche grenit the greke^ giid hom abacke. ^^^^q|^. 

Then flagh all in fere, and the fild leuyt ; loiMrtau. 

Tumyt to fen tentt«^ tariet no lengtcr. 
7748 Tbaire Enmys hom after angaidly sore, 

Puisnet hom wttA pyne, put hom to ground. 

There it felle hom by fortune a ferfull caa ! 

As ))is mysahapon mon marrit of ^e gxkes, 
7753 1^ Ttoiena in the tentt^ teuyt hom also, 

Oppnasit bom Ttith payne & vith pale strokes. 

Diamede, the derfe kyng, ^t doQ was to flight, niamgde* 

Presit to a pauilyon the pepull before, uouitr. 

7756 Wold hauo wonen away & of woche p at. 

And haue sauet hym selfe, & ho so mi^l t 

There met hym fiis Ma il own, ^t wjh o 

Euyn foroe in his face, as he fle wold. 
7760 He myght no wise away for wothe of bis dethe, 

But anther aunter vppon hym, or angardly mone. C^- 1^ *•) 

He se his fomen bo felle and foerse at his backe, Th« ttijum ■» 

]}at wold Icily the lede out of lyne biyng ; hdhmh mm 

7764 And if he tumyt hade Jyte, Jien hym tjdo shuld, „„l^ 

The wailagh w/tA a wicked arowe wonndit hym 

Ho auntrid on this Vnbest angardly faat 



Bookxnn. As the sbolke ehold haue shot at the sheoe 

[HoinedH iittHki 7766 Dyamede wttA a dynt dang hjm to groimd, 
■gtwAi^OT. Wt'tA a Bvap of his sverd he svalt in the place. 

TbiOMkiniir, Then the grekes vttA giym there gedurt ^era 

thaTnfUh hettfl^ 

ffruBshet out felly, and the Sid toke ; 
7772 Bore backward the batell of ^ bold troiens ; 
Kyld of hor knighte* and kene men of annys I 
hhiiit utt Ector to Achillea angardlj rode ; 

boUiftii. ' And he kepptt hTin fiiU kenely, ^i caupit 

7776 That bothe were backward fen borike of fen 
And light on the lond the loixlra in fere. 
A(i4ii«(«i«am But AchUles aftir auntrid to rise, 

Highet to his hone in a bote yre, 
7780 Giypit vnto galathe, fat was the gode stede 
Of houfirable Ector, & etlit away. 
^^"^^ "• £ctor cryed on hia knightea wi'tA a kant wills, 

ponnaud Bade hom bast horn in hygh, and hJs horse take. 

7784 |)en highet furth in haste of his hede knightai, 
ffelyn vmbe the fuerese kyng, foghtyn full hanl. 
His nobill bietber naturell naitly )>ai strekvD, 
Gird downs of the gieke*, grippit fe roile, 
7788 Eaft hym the Eenke -with a roide &ro, 

Eestorit fo atithe horse to fe stueme pn'nse ! 
He was isyne of the fole, fongit hym anon, 
Wan on hym wightly, & his way held. 
7792 )}en fell he to £ght with a fyne sworde, 
Kyld mony knightea vnto cold dethe ; 
Oppreaait hom wi'tA payne, pnt hom to groond. 
And mony doghit fat day ^nrgh dynt of bis bond. 
Antniiraivt 7796 Antenor the anntruB angaidly fsght ! 
om li Tharghe might of his manhode mony distroyad, 

(M. iti a.} And in batell ftiU boldly bare hym )iat day. 



Then the giekes on h^m gedrit in so grete BookxviiE. 

Oppiessit hym wttA pyne, & with pale strokes, 

He had no fone hym to fend of so fele othir : ii aptand laa 

J»i toke hym full tite, & to tenttea led. *"'' 

Polidamas, the pert knight^ )iat was his ptise eon, mi hb 

Uyche aorow for his syie sothely did mslce ; ittampu tc 

Mouy stithe mea in stoure stroke he to ground, ui,., 
"Wold haue fongit his &der, but Jk> iieike no 

fibr the day wez dym, doun waa the sun, 

The night was so nighe, (tat noyet hym aore^ wsMmd*** 

Merkit the mountayns & moiea aboute. 

Iche &eke to his fie held & so fie fight endis. 

) by Google 

xix Soke, m tbe ^ ISateU. 

Lyetenea a lyttyll of fia laike mure, 
7813 How hit happit in hast of thes bed kynge« ! 
SoHQ aa )ie sonne rose & set yppon hegh, 
Bothe [le grekia on Jw grene, & fe grym troiena, 
Mettyn wi'tA mayne faire myghtis to kythe ; 
7816 (jer vaB fyghtyng full feU ))e fuerse men betwene, 
u All \ai day, wt'tA dole, to ]ie derk nygbt. 

Mony lyuelee lode leuyt on ^ bent, 
And mony wondyt wbe (wt away past ; 
7820 Mony knyghlia wer kyld of the kene grekys. 
But mo were ^re mard of tbe mayn troiens. 
J)e grekys fellyn in fyght Jie feghur Jwt day, 
And f« bigger in batell, as ^e boke aaise. 
7824 When ^e nyght come anon Jie nobill dopertid. 
And bounet fro batell vppon bothe haluys. 
The secund day suyng, aa says vs tbe story, 
1 }K grekys by agrement of ))o grete all, 

\ 7828 Sent to )» Cite soneran men two, — 

Dyamed, )ie derf kyng, & dugbty Ylixea, 
()ai past fiirth to Priam pertly to-gedur, 
Of a tni forto tnjte in Je triet Cit^, 
7832 To be grauntid of f« grete by gremont of all. 
)Ms Messangers met wi't/i a mayn knight, 
A derf mon to dem, & Dolon his nome. 



He Wfts borne in f s burgh a bold mon of bond, Bmitiix- 
7836 Went wttA fo worthy, & pe way taght ; 

Present bom to Pmm, ^t was prise lord : 

]}ere meny t ^ai )aire message & wi't^ mouthe told, 

Pn'am to ^ prise men prestly onswart : — Tutm pnnriM 

7610 " I wyll haue counaell in ^ case of clone men uiiot^ 
of wit, 

By Assent of Seniours, & sum of my knigbtys ; 

And of oure wyll in fris werk, I wete )ow say." 

He was ymyddis pe mete witA men of astate, 
7844 Eyngis in his cumpany, & kuygbtis full nobilL 

)>en gedrit were ]« gieto to ^ gay kyng. 

And Bssentid full sone, eomyn to )ra dede. *n hwi nn 

All affennyt hit fast witA a fyn wyll, 
7848 Sane Ectoi ^ bonerable, fKit ^crly witA-stod, 

Bisasent to ]re dede^ & dernely he sayde : — 

" Hit is falshed in fay the & of fet cast ! wbD ttetwm uut. 

AH ^aire tretyng of tru turnya vs to hanne. iu»i iwiukaf 
7852 Jjai colowrae horn coyntly witA a cauae febill, ^mtoM^ot""^" 

fforto beri fe bodys of hor bold frendys ; SS!uI^iik . 

And lighyng, by my lewte, now kkkj-a bom Jw *™^^^y^ 

pai wold stuf bom full atithly, atrsnkytb bom 
7856 WitA mete in fe meneqwile, & mony otbir 
thinges j 
And we oure atore scball distroi, & stynt of 

oure aped. 
We are folke full fele ; in Jiia fre hold, 
Of Lordis, and Ladies, and other lease pepull, ifi> 

7860 Aaeemblit in tbis Citti oure seluyn to kepe 
And Jof we maitles marrc, may wo no fer." 
But syn the eouerain assentid, wiiA other sad D«a 
lorde», unt 

Ho agrcet to the grete, & gnumtid witA all J^°^ 

7864 ftor ^erc-as men are so mony, & of might grete, 



nk xa. And of wit for to wale, wisest of other, 

All put in a purpos vith a plain villa ; 
jMf the ayu^e mon say, & it sothe be, 
7866 Hit ia demyt for dulle, & done out of heiyng. 
8yn it is uothely said, & for sure holdyn, 
))of a yong mon be ^epc^ & of yeres lite, 
HiM wit shuld be waled of wise men in age : 
7872 So the prinse to fere purpos preatly aaaent, 

Pot hit woiobe to pe worse, pat wist be hym 
nbrihiM Then takyu was the true, and witA trauthe feet, 

tdi Thre monethes & no moie, po mighty betwene, 

7876 By aseuians ftill sad vpon enche wise, 

))atnon ofieus shuld fere fall fm&eikes betwene; 
Bnt yche kyng i, knight comyn witA other, 
Bolhe in tent & in towne, vbile the true lasi 
■rimaom nt 7880 Than pM spehon in epase of hor spede after, 
iBgti. Made a chaunge by chaiinse of hoi choise lordea. 

■ ii Toaz, fro Troy, was tumyt to the grekes, 

Kc. ffor Antenor annterous, f>at oftur was takyn : 

7884 Beliuert were po lordM, lawsit of pr»one, 

ffin ayther syde by assent, & suet to pen fryndf*. 
Than Calcas the clerke, fat come out of Troy, 
Hade a donghter full dere, — a dameell faire, — 
7888 J}at bright was of ble, and Breisaid she hight : 
So cald was the clere wttA comyns and othei, 
WttAin the CM forsothe, Jwre hii^elfe dwelUt 
iipindj iritii This Galcas to the kyngis contynually prayet, 

■tpriMts 7892 Bothe Agamynon the grete, & the greke* aU, 
bi. utt.) That {ni Pnin shuld pray for this prise lady, 

ai BrtHii To be sent to hir fiii; if he so lyked ; 

And fai the byakqifia bone bainly haue 
7896 And sent to pcA souerain for pa same cause, 
Deeeirond full depely delyuerans of hir, 
WttA Specioll speche to spede at the tyine. 

, Google 


Bnt the triet men of Troy traitur hym cald, 
7900 And mony pointW on hym put for hie pure 
J)at disaeruet full dnly fe dethe for to hau& 
Priam, at the prnyer of Jk) prise kynges, r 

Deliuert the lady wit/i a light wille, o 

7904 In eachauQge of pa choise, (wt chaped before, — 
Toax ])at I told and )iat tothir duke. 

Xn the tyme of the true, as ^e trety saith, 
Ector with other egurly went c 

7908 ffro the biiighe to )>e batells of fe bold grekea, e 
(Tor to sport hym a apace, & epeike v/itA Jk) ^ 

To se the maner of ))o men, & mirth hym a 

Achillea, the choiae kyng, wi'tA a chere faire, a 
7912 Weloomyt fat worthy, aa a whe noble ! t 

He hade solas of pa sight sothely of hym, 
ffor his body was bare out of br^ht we<les. 
Ue toke hym to hia tent, talket witA hym fast ; 
791 6 fTmynet at the freike of hia fell dedia : 

And as frai apekon of pen spede in hor epell fiere, 
Thies wordes to fiat worthy warpit Achilles ; — 

THE wonnaa bbtwbne achilles and botor ik the tentk 
" Now Ector, in emyat, I am eoyn fayn 

7920 Of pe sight of fi Self, to ae Jte vnarrayt ; 

Syn ))at fortune before fell me nener ere, a 

To se Jii body all hare out of bright wedis. 

But it shall sitte me full aore wiUi aorow in hert 

7924 But the happyn of my bond hastely to d^h, 

Thurgh strenght of ray strokes in out atoure enys, 
And I thi bane for to be witA my brond egge. i 
I haue fcld of )ii foree, & pi felle djntte* ; ft 

7928 Thy might & jji raonhode mykell hath me gretiit. 

., Ckiogic 


bmA III. My body hath f<m hiMt, & my blods Hhed, 

With thy stroke* fall store of ^i atithe aime I 
J)ol my wiile bo ao wilde to waite on fin end, 
7932 fibr the eake of my selfe and othir sib fryndes. 
Mora feruent in faith ]>i fulls I desayre, 
Mat, teowiH Tva ffor PatrocluB, my pure felow, po\i put vnto 

Hmd PitRHdu, detbe. 

I louet hym full lelly, no les [>en my seluyn ; 
7936 And (wu partid our presena wttA f i prise wepyn, 
[M8.ii>u-it*n.i J)at wjtA faith and affynit^ [were] feetinyt to- 

And dang hym to detbe Jut deires me full eujll. 
But trust me for tni, and J)ia tale leoe, 
btfkin Oist jmr 7940 £r hit negh to an end of this next yere, 
unod iiuii fj The dethe of fat dongbty ahalbe dere yolden 

Wi'tA the blode of fi body, baldly me leue I 
And in ao myche, for aotbe, I say ye jet ferre, 
7941 P&t I vot the in nitte to woite on myn end, 
My wonspod to aspie in dispite ay. 
And to deire me wttA dethe yche day new." 


Than Ector hym answaied Esely agayn ; 
7948 "WitA wordis full wise vnto the wegh said : — 
" Mwni DM, "If auntur be, air Achilles, I am the to sle, 

•«k ID •br ctw; And hate fe in bert, as my hede foo, 

WttAoutes couenable cause, or cast for )>i dethe ; 
7953 Thow might merueU the mykell of my miarewle, 
But fat wottes in thi wit by wayes of rights 
br I oin hira no }}at {lei'o long«« no loue ue lewt« to ryse, 

■eki mr lib, uid To hym (ut dressia for my dethe with a ded hato, 

itnAia^m' 7956 And puraewia to my prouyns my pepull to ale. 
'**'*■ ffor of werie by no way wackona fere lone, 

(M. m i.) Ne neuer cbarite be cberisat fui^ghe a chele yie : 

Lutr ingendreth wttA ioye, aa in a iust aawle, 
7960 And hate in hia hole yie haatis to war. 



Now, I will Jiat poa wete, Jii wordea me not Book xix. 
feryn, 'V •m'I" iio 

iiot u nU IHi^Un 

Ke thy bosteme abaistea witA fibold speche; n»;»odiho[« 
But I hope wi'tA my hond & my hard strokes, mint own h»d. 

7964 Thurgh might of oure mykell godde#, & of luayn 
Thy body to britton vnto bale dethe ; 
And all the grete of )« gnikee, ftat on »ure 

ground lyun, 
ffor to fell in the feld fay with my hoad ! 

7968 Crete folie, by my faithe, fell in your hedia, whu bU; n i^ 
ffor to hent vppon hand aoche a hegh charge, whujuucjumuc 
That passes yoore pouer, & proffettes no more, '"™P ■ 
But the lo8se of your lyues, & your ledis all. 

7972 This wot I full well, bewar if )« lyste, 

JX)U bes ded of my dyutte^, & pi day past, 

Er hit hap the wiili hond my harmys to forther, 

To deire me witA daungei, or to detho put. 

7976 Aud if pou hopys in hert, wi'tA ^i hegh pride, itTon uiink yoa 
To oppresse me witA power, & to payn bring, ^"^"wk.'to' 
Get graunt of the grekes, & the grete all, ^Mt wir^'our 

Of kyngM, & knightfig, & other kyd dukes, "iiwuoomiMt. 

7980 ]}Bt all the deire of the ded be done on va two, 
To vttranse & ysaue vne at this tyme, 
WitAoutea meuyng of moo, or roanyng of pepuli 

And if hap the ^e herre hond to haue, in the plase if tod nniiDUh 

7981 Of me, thuigh |)i might, by maiatTy of hond, ihiii tniang ts 
I shall East the )>iB forward all wi'tA fyne othea, """' 
All the londia to leue, pat longyn to Troy, 

And our ground to Jie grekes graunt as for right ; 
7988 And we exiled for euer-more our easement to 

All our prouyna & parties put in your wille. 

And if it falle me by fortone the feirei to haue, tm u i ihin 

Make VH sekur, on the same wise, oiire soile for I^i^o.ihi!iait 

to leae, J™l'i:." 

) by Google 


BwAiK- 7992 Of our proayna to pas, & paire vs no more, 
TouMsimio Ne neuer dens tb in dede, ne oure due londew." 

(W, lua.) vVr'li.Ues was angret asgardly sore ; 

tchiui^ riufcd Wrathet at liis TOTdes, Tarmj-t in yie ; 

KopuiiH 7996 Chaunget his chere, chauflit vi\Jt hete, 

Jhutiu, That the droupes, as a dew, dankit his foe. 

He approchet to (« pnnae, presit hym ner. 
And afFynnit witA faithe & vitJi fyn chere, 
8000 All po couenof^ndes to kepe with his cleano 
trauthe : 
Thifl he sadly asaurit at the same tyme. 
Ector toke hit full tyd wttA a triet wille, 
More dcssyrous to the dede, pea I dem can. 
^(uiMDinni 8004 But Agamynon was gayn at |)ia gret dyn, 
mAm roAiH W/tA other kynge* in company comyn to the tent, 

neh umu. }}at hasted for the high noise, & hopit in haste 

Of ))o mighty full mony the mater to here. 
8008 When the knewen all the cause, |)o kyngee by- 
All denyede it anon ; — no mon assentid, 
))at Acbilles in chaunse shnld be chosen for 

hnm all, 
Wt't/i pat fuerae for to fight ^urgh folye of hym 
8012 Ne BO mony & bo mighty men of astate, 

ffor to coupull of hor cause on a knight one, 
Bothe of londea & lyife for lure put might faappon. 
tf uaTfojui And the Troiens, on the tothir syde, torely witA 

■rimm nftiH Cht Stodo, 

8016 Pyeasent to (le dede, ]>uk(T« & other ; 

Saue Pnam, the prise kyng, fat the prinse knew, 

Bothe his etrenght & his stueme wille stondyng 
in hert. 

Wold haue put hym to Jie plit for p«rell of all, 
8020 ffor pe will & fw worship of hie wale etrenght : 

But for 80 mony & mighty menit pen agaynes, 


He put of his purpos, & p&ssis periro. 

)Md tho pn'nso at tlie prise kyages prestt; toke Thtoomtatki 
8024 Tumit fro the t«ntte« oud to toune yode : h«(w munu 

Past to hia pulais, & his pale entrid 


When hit tolde was Troilua the tale of his lone, ('"L im w 

How fvat faire, hy his fTader, was fourmet to 
8028 To the grekes, by graunt of pa grete kynges, 

Sot Bresaide the hright vnUithe was his chore ; 

Sot he louit hir full lelly, no lease )ien hym seluyn, TnUu lumc 

With all the faithe and affection of hys fyn hert. 
8032 Myche eykyng and Borow sanke in his breat ; to™™™ 

He was tourmont with teue, tynt was bis hew ; b«wi» ihs ii 

All wan was the weghe for his wete teres ; Ji^^il^r*' '" 

With lamentacion & longour vnlusty to bs ; 
8036 Was no knight in the court kontbe comfbid 
hym oght, 

No BBS hym of sorow sothely fiat tyme I 

And firesaid, the bright, bhtckonet of hew ; Brtvim pina und 

WitA myche weping & waile, waterid hir ene ; 
8040 All fadit that faire of liir fyn coloure, 

WitAsbedyngof shire water of hir shene cbekM; 

All-to tu^et hir tresses of hir triet here ; um lur hair 

Hir faire fynguts witft forse femyt of blode, 
8044 And all-to rafet the rede chekys, ruthe to be 

That the blode out brast, & on brest light ; 

And ay swonit in swyme, as bo swelt wold uidHrooiu igaia 

In pen hond^, peA hir helde & halp hir to stond ; 
8048 And f es wotdes ho warpit as hir wo leuit : — 

" I hade leuer my lyf leue in this place, 

Than any lengwr to lyffe & my luff tyne ! " 

Ifo lengui of thies louers list me to carpe, 



Bwi. XIX. 8052 No of tho feynit fate of pat faire lady ; 
wbotMT !!•««• Who-80 wilnes to wit of J»aire wo fii, 

i<>nn,ianuuH Tume hym to Troilus, & taike fen ynoghe ! 

OoTT of TnUni. 

Hit is a propn-tie apreuit, & put horn of kynd. 
8056 To all wemen in the world, as f« ^vrit saythe. 
All womeniin To be TDstable & not stidfast, styroud of wills : 

itoui ,}t wnipi, ffor yf the ton ee with tores trickell on Ur chokes, 

"'"*"■ The tothur laAes in lychemes, & laghes ou«r- 

thwert ! 
m. lu s.) 8060 So full are fo faira filJ of dessait, 

Aud men fur to mud is most pere deesyre, 
There is no hope so Tnhappy, pat hasten to nogtit, 
Ne BO Tnsikut at a Bay, as to set Tppon women 1 
ACndiiihit S064 A foole is pat freike in his fi'ele yowtfao, 
gntur tool ii And myche more pat man is meuyt into age, 

who nii(« on'ihe 'I'hat in wordes of wemen waatyn pere hope, 

•orJonwomui. q^ ^^ ^^^^ hotes of po fre fully wlU trust. 

8068 Xnifi Breisaid, the burde, by byddyng of pe kyng. 

In apparell full prowde purpost to wend ; 

iiriHiifi TioiluB, the true knight^ witft tn'et men other, 

hwLmi camp by ffro the Cite wtti pat semely soghtj-n on pe gate. 

i>iaiu»nd gQj2 Then the grekea com girdond fro the gay tent«», 

Kesayuit hit wttA Beuerense, & Biden fiuthe 

And the Ttoiens ti^ the towne t»myt agayne. 
Pionwin, The derf kyng Dianicde dmghe the lady ner, 

m^ *' SOT'S Beheld bur full hcrtely, het hir in lone ; 

Witft ventM woundit, I-\ris, in his wild hert, 
He rode to pat Rinll, and the Reyne toke. 
unto Low lo Then lie said to pat soraly all on soft wise, 

8080 All bis corago by corse of his cold hert, 

VTiih full speciall speche to spede of his erend. 

Then Br^isaid, the bright, bainly onswart, 

iToi to bold hym in hope & hert hym thebettni . — 



8084 " Nftuther list me my Inff lelly the graunt, Bocfcii 

Ne I refuse the not fully fi headship to voide ; •ruoi bhh 
Sot my hort is not here holly diepoeit, 
To onsware on otherwise, ne ordont Jierfore ! " 

8088 At hir words*, I-wis, the worthy was glad ; 
Hengit in hope, held bjm full gayne. 
At hir fader &e tent fongit hii in annys, At b«r hiha 

And set hir on |)e soile aoftely wt'tA bond. (nm bontii 

Sl)92 Agloneofjiatgaygatehebelyue, l7,^^ 

Drogh hit fuU demly the damaeU fro ; .fUrgii™ 

None seond but bir-selfe, fat snffeii fnll welL 
Hit pleaeide hir pnnely, playntyde ho noght, (m. lu i 

6096 Let hit slip fh>m hyr elyly, slymyt fent. 

Than Calcas, the clerke, came tro his tent, c>i<m nmi 

ffongit hir laiie and wi'tA fynt cbere, ^, *" 

Toke hii into tent, tallcet vitA hir fast, 

8100 And menit of hir maten, as ^ in mynd hade. 


When the buide in bir boure was broght w^tA 

hir fader, 
Thes wordee ho warpo.t witfe wattfryng of Ene : — 
"How fader, in failhe, failet pi wit, -wbr.Obi 

6104 That was bo conyng of clergy, & knowen in Troy, winHboni 
Myche louet witA the lordea, & the ledis all ; tJ^^u^ 
And worabippit of ycbe we as a wale god ! 
All the gret of ^e ground goue?^t by the, 

6103 And )>ou riches fdl riffe, renttes ynowl 

Kow art Jxm trewlyhoT traitour, & tainted forfala ! 
Thy kyn & thy cuntre vntyndly foisakyn, 
Jjat Jwu sbuld &ithly defend witft a fre hert ; 

8112 And tto wocbes haue werit, & pi wit shewed. 

Hit is cheuit the a chaunse of a cboise febull ! wiii rnin 
Leuer forto lyf in a lond atraunge, JH*,^ ja„ 

In pouerte & penauuce wt'tA thy pale fos, J^II^^ib 

8116 Then as a lord in fi lond lengit at home. iortto»o. 



Dssk xiz. As thy fall and ^i faith is foule loste, 

Mnii,n<>iT And )i vorahip is went & wastid for euer, 

''''""' Of shame & shenship ahent bes fou nouer : 

8120 Euery led© will fe lacke and |ii lose file, 

And fe fame of ])i filth so fei wilhe knowen, 
Ne hopis J>»u not hertely, for fi hegh treason, 
If men laith wtVi J»i lyf, lyffyng in erthe, 
1 In btu T«i 8124 That the shall happen in helle bardlsikes mo. 
Id.. ffor thy filthe & |ii falahed wj'tA fyndat to dwelle 1 

Hit were bettui the to bjde with bnemes of 
(W. iMo.) In sum wildwmea wilde, & won fere in lyf, 

8 1 28 Then the ledya vpon lyue to laithe wi tft Jii shame. 
lutist uimi thi Hopia poll fadur, in faith, in Jii faint hert, 

ir }]at faa he taken for treu wit^ thies triet kynges. 

Or be holdyn in hert of fi heat stable, 
8132 fat art foundenso fals to [li fre londesT 

Kow appolyn wi'tA anaware hase euyll the begiled, 
And belirt fe vitJi leaynge^ fi lose forto spille ; 
G«rt the fall fro fi tiyndes, & Jii faire godis, 
813G And sorily to syn, and ^i selfe lose I 
mj. It wM not Hit was neuer appollo the pure god, fat put the 

I god AiHilla. I 

: HDH flMd oi in mynd, 

^^"^ But sum fend vrith bis lalshod, faren out of helle, 

ftat onawaid the owkewardly, oidand pe skathe, 
8140 fforto set the in Borow, and fi Boule tyne ! " 
Thus the lady at the last left of hii epeche, 
Wt'tfl. myche aobbyng & sorow, aylyng of teria. 
Than the bysshop to his bame barely onswart, 
8144 And shend to Jiat sbene all in short woTd'A 
iiuiiiiit(r. thg " ^e hopis fow uoght, hend dt^htur, fat our 

liM^Uwt heghgoddes 

iwK ot»T Wold be wrothe at our werkes, & winahe vs to 

If we bowet not hor biddyng, & hor bone kept. 
8148 And nomly in fin note, ))at noyea to Jie dethe. 

:ectv Google 


OuTB seluyu to sane, and oure sauje kepe Bookux. 

Out of datiDger & drede, & otire dethe voids. 

Thifl wot I full well, thoigh wisshyng of horn, i know urn Tro)- 
81.^2 That [lis soiow wiluot eeso, no the saute leue, (ienn>yt<,iiu]iiu 

Tyll the toun be ouerttwuyt, & tumblid to ground; 

All the folke, witA fere fos, fi-usshet to dethe, 

And the walUa ouerwalt into fie wete dyches. 
8156 Thetfore bettur is a-byde in Jiis bare fild, Tutnhn-wt m 

Than be murthert wttA malis, & to mold put." 

All the greke« were glad of jiat gay lady, 
And comyn in companys, fot comly to se, {"*■ i«t) 

8160 All the souerane for eothe, into Mr syre tent, phuidwtui 
And spire at hir epecially of hor spede ay, — 
Of the tulkeff of Troy, and the toun selfe ; 
Of the pepall full prest, & be prise tynges : ■ rfMwiiwm ihtic 

ijiufltiimt ftbont 

8164 And all the man«r of ^ men the niaidon horn Treruuitiia 
told., ™-- 

ffrely wi'tA faire chere, fat thei frajn wold. 

The kyngff full curtcsley cald hir fere doughter, tiht «ii b«. 

And h^ht hir to haue all fere helpe fen ; promiM &> debnd 

8168 To be worahypt well v/iih welthis ynow ; ud'tinMr 

And grete giftea hir gafe all fo grete kynge*. ' '"" 

Er fia day was done, or.droghe to fe night. 

All chaunnet the chere of this choise maiden, H<iw,>i»ij.d™« 
8172 And hir leuer to leng in lodge wi'tA the grekes, tin srHk>. 

Then tume vnto Troy, or to toun wend. 

Now is Troiell, hir trew luf^ tynt of hit thoght, TnUiH !• 

And yomeryng for-yeton, & yettjTig of teree. 
8176 Lo, 80 lightly ho left of hir loue bote, 

And chaunget hir chere for cherisshyng a litle ! 

Tristly may Troiell tote ouer the walle, 

And loke vpon lenght, er his loue come ! 
8180 Here leue we this lady wj'tA bir loue new, 

And tnniQ to ouio tale, & take fere we lefte. 

) by Google 

t^t XX Vokt. et tift bijt ISateU, anb 

Sftannfdics l^astgng xxx liases BeUnme tlje 

JKotmie Sc tlje tenttcs. 

(fci, 117 a). After the monethis were meuyt of ))e mene true, 

Tbi iniMia pea vaknet Tp were and myche wale Horow ! 

8184 The secund day euyng, says me )>e lyne, 
uuTKjuu ■ There bownet vnto batell from the buigh eayn, 

Mouy triet men of Troy, and tokyn )ie fild, 

Enyn ordant by Eetor, after his deuise. 
H«ctor,»dih> 8188 The prinse wt'tft his pouer past on fiTBt, 
■ogafurOiRnt: WttA ZT .M. fiiUy, all of fyn knightM, 

In his botell full bold boun to >e feld : 
tkoi Trouiu mtii And Tioiell witA x .M. tnmit forth aftur. 

8192 Then Paris pat fuith, the perciane hym witft, — 
thm p«it wiih Abill men of archery, auntms in wer, — 

■rrtMHiMw Three M. thro and thriety of bond, 

Vppon horses full b<%e, hardy men all. 
til... Driirinbo. 8196 Then Deffibiis drogb forth, & to |>e dede went, 

Wi'tA thre M, thro men, frepond in armys. 
th« MiuMM, ud Eneas afturward witA angtiidly mony, 

iHdBn Id ihdi And oJwT kyngM full kont, aa ^ere course felL 

8200 As Darra in his dyting duly me tellns, 
ThtTniiHi.wm The Bowme of the eowdiowris, that fro fe Cit6 

ffoT to tell at this tyme of thet men & noble, 
A C. M. all hoole, berty to attyke I 
oruwOiMiu 6204 ffin the teuttee come tyte of the triet grekn, 

, Google 


Menolay fiill monly, witA a manur pepoll, Book xz. 

Seuyn M. be eovme assignet for hym. vhhIuu om* 

■n. ■ - . - > . ^ 1 aiwwittinwi 

Then meuit wim aa mony, migh^ Dyomydes, nog; 

8208 And AcMllee witA choise men cboeen of the wHtaHnw 

Than eonght forth Xantippua witA sad men a ^^^^ 

Thre thovsatuid thiisty, ^long to the fild. 
Than Agam;nou the grete gild oa the last, 
8212 Wt'tA a noyua novmboT, nait men of stienght 

The first, ^t to fight past, was Fhiloc the kyng, (m. in ».) 
Put hym faith pmdly, presit to pe Troiena 1 Bi^a 1m^ if ii* 
EctoT met hym with mayu, macchit hym so 

8210 That he gird to the ground & the gost past 

Hyche clamur & ciye for the kynges sake, * 

And (lyntt«< full dedly delt horn betwene. 

Then girde o the greke halfe wttA grym fare, 
8220 Xandpns, a sure Kyng, wi'tA a sad wepyn, 

fi'or to dere for ^ dethe of his dere vncle. 

He suet fnrth sadly to )>e sure prtnse, 

And stroke hym fhU stithly vrith a stiff sworde. - m dtOc or 
8224 Ector tumet vitA tone, toke hym on f e hed, xctor sia«i>* 

|)at he slode doun ale^Uy, & sleppit emer after. 

Then the grek» weregreuit for the giym kyng ; •ntoniki 

Opprassit hom witA pyne, preseit full haid ; '***'<* 
8223 Tomit to the Tniiens, tenit hom fiitl enill ; 

Mony woundit full wickedly, & warpit of horse. 

Achiilee mony choise men choppit to )ie erthe ; acUU* nUjt 

If ony ledM with his lannBe out of lyfe brc^ht. noni ud buHo. 
8232 Two Dukea full deme vnto dethe kyld, 

))at were comyn to pa ^jng vitA pen kyde 
belpis, — 

ffull bold men in hatoll, & myche hale did. 

Hit anntrit, ^at Ectoi was angrlt fall enill, Hootor <■ amniT 

8336 Wotmdit full wickedly, wist not of woo, »«, 

tv Google 


Beak XX. Vne before in the face, wi\Ji a fell strelie, 

t)at myche blode fio pe bueme on pe bent fell ; 
tbt TToj«ni •» And fran bakeward was borne all pe bold Troiens, 

loimAtiHnUa. 82iO WiVi myche noye for pe note of pere noblo 
But the knight, in hia kene yre, cast vp his egh, 
Brusshet on the buigh & the bright wallea, 
HHtoriAHnH Segh the ladies o lofte leghen to -waite, — 

Mukdii^ 8241 Elan an other, the oddest of Troy, 

HJH worshipful wife, fat he well louet, 
Vi'itJt his Suster beside, the eemlieat on lyue, 
Jjat were Hory for J»e sight, Semple of chere. 
(ibL us a.) 824S And the grekes so giynily had giid hom abacko 
pat euyn borne were f ai bigly to the bare wallia 
Mbuiwi otui Than shamet was the shaike for the shene ladies, 

inneendkiui * And Buvn wode of his wit wei he bclyue. 


8252 He kyld fere a kyiig, oosyn to Achilles, — 

On Merion the myghty, — thurgh the mayn dyut. 
lie hurlet thurgh the helme, pat the hed yemed, 
{}at the brayn all-to brast, & on bent leuyf; 
idiiua ruiiM 8256 Achilles aurthwart this atinterd to se, 
rwtS^uT ' Grippet to a grete apeire wt'tft a giym wille ; 

Pight on the prtnse, perait his wede ; 
Mart of his mailee, meuit hym noght ; 
8260 And nauthei- hurt he the hathell, ne hade hym 
to ground. 
Kictor nith 1 pen Ector in angur, angardly fast, 

tLnugb Ox With the bit of his brond, on the bold light ; 

Acuua^■llll Rurht |)urgh the helme & the hard maile. 

8264 But it breke not the hrayii, ne the bueme 
Achilles, wttA a chop, cheuyt on syde ; 
All in wer for to wait, wayueronde he BOt«, 
But he hold hym on horee, hoajt o lofte. 

, Google 


8268 Eujll masit of the raynt, & the maya stroke, Book x: 

Thes wordfs to tlie whe warplt the pri'iise : — 
"Achilles, AchiUes, pou cbeses ye fast, Hactorcbm 

ffor to prese me wM pyae in thy proud yie 1 iwit noouni 

8272 The next tym po\i noyes me, fou neghia to Jie 
Thow dowtles shall dye with dynt of my hond." 
But or hit auntrid hym to aunsware Ector agayne, 
Come Troilufl full tyte with & tore pepull, TroHm wiih 

8276 fTniabet in feUy }io ft«kee betwene, UMeomtaui 

Depertid the prinse & the prise kyng. 
So he greuit the Grekes, and gird horn abacke, 
))at fyue houndrith were fey & in fild leuyt, 

8280 Off knightes full kene, kild in the stoure ; m. mt 

And o backs iro the bui^he here horn anoa Tba oiHki > 

Henelay yrith his men menyt in awithe, * MnxiKUKir 

Thre thoueaund full fro >rang into batell ; «iwi>-™«™. 

6284 Restorit bom stithly, stuffit bom anon. 

And cohhyt full kantly, kaghten the fild. 
Then Sedymon with a sowme from the Cit6 come, 
Of fell men in fight, freik« of his owne ; 

8288 He macchit hym to Menelay, & met on )ie kyng, 
Woundit hym wickedly in his wale face. 
And gird hym to ground of his grete hone. 
Than Troiell hym toke |)argh his tried helpe TniU».w»t 

8292 Of Sedymon, the same kyng fat fe syre felle, npuiRa 
Wold haue led the lord o-lyuo to Jie towne ; Mme"*^ 

Bnt the atoure was so stithe, & stedis so thicke. 
Thai pullid hym with pyne, hut passid f ai nogbt 

8296 Then Diamede full dpmly, wiVi a dyn hoge, ixomodH m 
On Troiell witA tene tachet helyue ; nnhi 

Bere hym backe to the bent of his big stede, ud koh it 
Raght to the Keynes in a rad hast, ^"^ 

8300 Sent hym by a ecntaund, or he ses wold, 
To Brcisaide the bright, & bad hym to say, 
That fat was lelly a ledis, fit ho louet well, — 

, Google 


Bonfcxi. The whicha fro Troiell he toke, & twnet bym 

8304 WttA a. atroke, in the atonra, of hia stithe anae. — 
Md'X'^bL Prayaund her preetly, witft all his pure hert, 

lom. J)at hit B«niaund were sadly set in hir mynd, 

Dyamed, the derf kyng, in dennger of lone. 
8308 Jjen the semond, full sone, wttt the same horse, 
Went to the woman fro the wale kyng, 
And the palfray of prise present hir to. 
SJ^ "firtUi "^^ roceyuit hym witft Reuerence, & to Jte Eenke 

joj i ud HTi, said ; — 

Si'Si.^^ii" 8312 "To|pilord,(»atmeloues, lellyJponteUe, 

I may not hate hym, by heuyn, J»at me in hert 
(w. iM«.) fco Uie maidon, witA hia message he nieuyt anon, 

And the bodeword broght to Jie bold kyng. 
8316 ffayne was the freike of the fre answare, 

Past furth into prese, paynet hym ther-for, 
St^tt^" llie grekea fan were gird hacke to ^ grete 

uum, *n niiM tentt<» ; 

With Swym vnder swerd swalton full mony 1 
8320 Ne hade Agamynon tlie gret oste gird in anon, 
The fight in the fild hade hen fynissbed for 

Than Beetoret was the stithe batell stuemly 

The greke* foil giymly giidon out swithe, 
6324 Harmet horn hogely in a bond while. 

Folidamus, the pert knight, presit in ^n, 
WitA a batell full breme, bntnet the greket ; 
ffaght wt'tA hom felly, frunt horn abacke ; 
8328 Droff hom vnto dykes witA dynttes of awoid. 
Then Diiunede the doughty duly beheld, 
Segh Jie freke in bis felnes his folk so distroy. 
He firuBsbit at bym felly wi'tA a fyn spere ; 
8332 And the knight hym kept, caupit wttA hym so. 

:ecb, Google 


That botbe tLe hathell and his horse hurlit to Book i 

Dyamed was derit vith a depo hurt, Dioomjn i 

Eoill frassbet with the fall, & on feld lay. ann i^ 

8336 Polidamas the pr^ hoise preait vnto, Hi»hkii 

Raght to ^ Refuo, and the Eoile toke ; 

Broght hym full bainly to |»e hold Troiell, "* hrtng" 

))at was ^ihtand on fote in ^e felle stoure. BRhiiniron 

8340 The triet knight Troiell titly wan vp, 

As fayne of the foale, as a freke might. 

Then Achilles nit A angur angardly preset, 

Troiell to tene wi'tt a triet wepyn ; TroO* km 

8344 And he keppit the kyng wttA a kant wille, gnmai. 

Hurlit hym to hard yerthe, hurt hyin full sore. 

The bold kyng Tp braid, & the bent leuyt, 

ffor deire of his dynt dut hym but litle 1 
8348 (pen Ector come auerthwert} as aunter befell, Hoctoim 

Fr«sit nym to }» place wttA a prise sworde ; 

Brittonit the bold men, ^t ahoute stode, 

Asd mony dange to the deihe & deret full (w. im 
mekyli ! 


8352 Thus Dares of his dedis duly tb tellus, 

A thowsaiind, &11 throly, he firang to )ie dethe, — 
All the knighte* full kant, Jiat keppit AchiUes,— ma kaigui 
To haue wonen to ^t worthy, so wodely he Ai«kiu«>r 
fore I *■"■ 

8366 lliere Achilles vith choppes chaunset so hard, 
WttA myche wo he hym werit in wothe of his 

Then the night come anon, neghit wt'tA merke, NicMmu 
And for lacks of the light the Isdis depertid : ndi. 

8360 ITiu the batell on bothe haluee husket anon 
And tumyt to towne & to tentte« alL 


_ j«kn^ ThaE thretty dayes f roly Jwi f rappit in feld, 

Sf^^'^"' And mony bold in the bekur were on bent leuit ! 

8364 Mony doughty were ded of tho derfe Troiene, 

But mo were fere marrit of )ie mayne grekes. 
Biiof Primn'i W(tA-in tbies dayes, wttA dole, waste dethe broght 

uidii««orii' Sex aonnea, for aotbe, of the sure kynges, — 

bos. 8368 Of the noble brother natrtnll,— ))at nait were in 


And Ector wondit, I-wis, in hia wale face. 

pen "Priam, the priae kyng, preatly can araide 

To Agamynon the grete, gomya of hia awne, 
Priun dcmuidi ■ 8372 fToF a trew to be takon of a tyme short, — 
„„i„[h,. Sex moneth & no more, — his men for te reat : 

ihF Gmki pat the Grflkes hym grauntid,.gniccht>t }m noght 

Hit was festenit wi't/i faithe, & w/tA fyn othcs, 
8376 On bothe halues to hold holly ae^ntid, 

Witftout^n fight or affray to the fer end. 

uurinf tiMtniM JliT tea dayea were done, the doughty pnnse 

Htctot neanni 

iRim 111! voiuidi. Ector 

Was hole of his liurt*^ fuigb helpe of a leche. 
n<iiiTinU» 8380 In a halle, (>nt was ho^'c, fe/w J« hend lay, 
lE^ ' In honerable Ylion, eact hym a qwile, 

Of whiche fairehcd & fourme, the fynest clerke 

Tellys in his trety, vppon trew wise. 
(foi. iwoO 8384 Hit wae pight vp vit/i pilers all of pure stones, 
gofgKw puiir. : I'alit ftUl prudly ; anil a proude Sore 

(■•ji«K»rt-- Rowchet all vrith cristall, clere as the sonne. 

■ Boor wrwiuiii The wallpH vp wroght on a wise faire 

Tilrt'it'I^g lilt 8388 W'iUi atones full stoute, etitheat of vertue. 
"*"'■ ffaire pillore were ^era proude, all of pure coper, 

I" Httmit'— In ffoure liytnea of tlie house hogely feet. 

liT^hHmwr lofte on tho looely were loget to atond, 

8392 flbiire yniagcs full frosshe, oil of fyn gold, 



WonderfuJlj wroght w^his to be-hold, bbi*»i. 

WitA gematiy Justly aiojD«t to gedur ; 

Uiche soteltie, for-sothe, setting of notes, gou. 

8396 Crafte fat was coynt, knawyng of tymes, »<™un] 

And other faynet fare & fantasy olde I 

'Wi'tAiu the tymeof the tru, thetriot kyag Pnam, priiminTtM 

His nohle sonnes naturell n&itly gert bery, ■ Mpu*u loub. 

8400 WM bor brother, in the burgh, on his beet wise : 

Eure son by hym selfe, sais me the lyne. 

In a precius place, & in pMse toumbis ! 


Vf hen the sex monethes were meuit of fe meue 

8W4 Than faght JMJ in feld feUy to gedur. Tb,o«k 

Twelue dayes, be-dene, dole to be-holde ! tanw'uiS. "' 

ffiiU myuhe was the muithe of [k> mayn knigbte^ 
On bothe sydes, for^othe^ sayes me the lyne j 

8408 And myche blode on the bent of tho bold leuyt 

Than the bete was bo boge, bannyt the grekes, saiu* or Uie 
WttA a pestyleDce in the pepnll pyuet horn sore : ^|^i,„„'i,'„i, 
Thai fore oat to the fildea, fellyn to ground, o^TIk'in th 

8412 And droppit to dethe on dayes full thicks. **'**■ 

ffoT )iat Agaiuynon, by grement, giaidly did send 
To the toan, for a true of a tym sborte ; AcuHmnMi 

Thretty dayes to endure, & no deire wirke. Matjt: 

8416 Hit was grauntid fnt grete, by grement witA-in whien u gn"'*- 
Of Pmm, & [the] pn'nse, & the prise all 
Of kyugM, and Comyns, and of kyde Duke*. (w. iwk) 

Therto swome were )iai swiftly on hot swete 

8420 And affermyt hit fast : and here a ffyt endee. 


€tt IX} ISofte. m tlie Uij ISatell : Snlr of 
tf)e Sreme of €^rtor tngffe. 

liengye here at a Ltill, lyetyu my wordes, 
1 shall tell yoa full tyte how horn tydo after, 
When IheB dayea were done, & dryven to iin 

8424 All frai tforen to pe %ht, & the fild toke ! 
Of Andromaca drem I dresse me to t«lle. 
Heir bit noyet in the night, er ))ai to note yode. 
Ab f>iB burde was ia bed vrith bit blythe lorde, 

8428 And slippit vpon elepe, slomerj-i^ a while, 

8ho was ot&ayet full foule witA a foeise dreme, 
lliat she met of hii niaist«r, & masit full euyll. 
At hii wakonyng ho wist, as the writ aayes, 

8432 Iff the hold vnto batell busket fat day. 

He ahuld doutles be dede, & drepit for euer ! 
Andromaca for drede of her dreme felle, 
Miche water ho weppit, and wackont the pri'ncQ. 

84.16 As f>ai bothe were in bed, ^ bard to hym aside. 
And told hym by tale, as her tyde hade. 
Sho prayet the pnnse witA hir pure heri^ 
ffor drede of hir drem, & deire fat might falls, 

8440 On nowise in thys world the walles to passe, 
ffor to bowne vnto batell, ne of hurghe wend. 
pan the worthy at his wife wrathet a litis. 
And blamyt the buide for hir bold epeche. 

8444 Hit was vnfittyng, he said, a sad man of wi^ 



Any dremyB to diede, or deme lioni for trew, 
Sjn fai feble are it faint, & falsly dissayuyn. 
And be-liiten yche lede, Jut lenye perapon. 

8446 When tlie day vp droghe, & the derke voidet, 
The biud bownet fro l>ecl, & of boure past : 
To his fader ho fore, & his fre moder. prius ud" 

AH ho told horn in tale, aa her tyde hade, fmmi Hsoor 

84B2 Besechis the souerain, wttA aj^ng in bcrt, a^jl?""*" 

' Hir lord for to let, for lure ))at might happyn : 
On nowise )>at he went, for wothe of hia lyf ! 

When the aun vp set wiL/i his softe beaitius, 

8166 All the batela of the burghe bownet to fcld, TbtTn^uHtain 
Ordant of Ector efter his deuyse. Troiiui, I'wia, 

Troiell, the triet knyght, toke the feld Bone ; ^IJI^' "* 
Then Paris full prest put hym next aflur. 

8460 Deffebufl drogh furth witli a derfe pcpuU ; 
Eneaa afturward anntred t« feld. 
FoUilamas, the proud knight, past on switfae; 
Then the fuerse kyng Forcius fulowet anon ; 

8464 And Philmen, the freke, wM a felle batell. ""' 

Then, all the kynge« by course, ^t comyn were 

to Troy, 
The citie to socour, wtt/i perv ante hoole, 
Pasait furth fro Pnam to |>e playn feld, 

8468 Wttft leue of ]>e lord, )iat the lond aght. 

Then Priam to ^e prinse preatly can send, Prto 

That be bownet to no batell, ne ])e buigh past, wuh 
On nowise in this world, for worship or other, 

8472 Theiat Ector was angry, & ongardly wrotbe, hm 
Bepreuet the pn'nses vtih a pale face : 
Wit7( his worshipful wife wrathit hym [len. (i 

\VilAout«n leue of the lord, fat hym let wold, 

8476 To his Beruonde« be saide in a sad haste, i*4«i 

To bryng hym his bright geire, bownet to feld, him> 
And arayed for tlic rode w/tft a ronko wille. ^^ 

., CJooglc 


Tban his wif was war of his wills sone, 
S180 Myche yiaiur ho weppit, wailyng for aorow. 

Two sonnea bade p&t semlj, wVt/t the sore 
pn'nse, — 

On Lamydon was title, and his lene brother 

Aationac also, ^t after was borne, — 
8484 J3at were bothe at the bre«t of the bright norae, 

Koght put &o the pappe to no pn'se fode. 

The ton toke ho full tyte in hir true armys, 

To the fote of fat fre fell ho belyue : 
8488 Hit was dole &. deire, fat dere to be-hold ! 

WitA myehe wepyng & woo f»ea wordat ho said : — 

" A ! my lord, & it like yow at this lefe tyme, 

I be-scche you, for my sake sober youre wille : 
8492 Put of youre purpos, proses no fer, 

fibr all the loue in our lyue, fat light vs 
betwene ! " 

He denyet hir anon : hir noy was the more. 

And sho braid with the bame to fe bore erthe, 
8496 Vmbfoldyt his fet«, felle vnto ewone. 

And when ho wacknet of wo, thies wordea bo 

" If ye no mercy haue on me, for mysae (wt I 

Haue pit£ on youre pure eonnes, fat mone payne 

thole I 
8600 To be done to fe dethe with hor dere raoder, 

Or be shot out wi'tA shame fro youra sbene 

Exiled for euermore endles to sorow, 
Pight ynder pouert and penaunce to lyue ! " 
8604 Then bis moder the myld qwene, & his meka 

CassandiH the clene, & clere Polezena, 
And honerable Elan also, yfith bom : 
Tliiee fellyn hym to fete witt a foule chetc, 



8508 Frayonil the pn'nse (pitie was to se) Book xxi. 

To put of his pale wedis, & his pale entre ; piBuuniihuiw 

And ab]rde in tlie bui^h to the bare night. ^^ ^^t,^ ^' 

He hade no nithe of hor remyng, ne ]>e mnk (M.iata.j 


85 1 2 Nepe prayer of po prise perait not his hcrt ; Rtctor wui not 
But past furth prudly hia pwrpos to hold, fcrtu n, bluiT 

And bounet toward batell, bode he no longur. 
p^tL Audromoca for dol drogfa out of wit, 

8516 Vne fore as a fole, fonnet at all ; 

Past vnto Fn'am, pa pn'naiB aune fadur, AnAromicKa 

'With a rufull rore i-ent of hir clothis ; u> Priun. 

Eafit J>e red chekis midly wit/t bond, TwrtngtawB™ 

8520 And fe hore of hir hcde heterly puDit ! 
So pai ffre wi'tA bir face fore at pe tyme, 
J}at all blod was pe bright in hir ble qwjt : 
Ho was vnkyndly to knaff of hir kyd frendis. 

8524 So disfigurt of face & febill of hew, 

To p6 fet« oipe fre kyng fel bo belyue, •hdUbuhii 

Besechond ^t soueran, in a sad hast h«i««in( him 

ffor to high to I>at hynd, & hold bym wi'tAin, within th* Mj. 

8528 )}at he fore not to fight, ne the fild toke ! 
Than Pr/am in pure hast preset to horse, 
Lept vp full lyghtly, & the Rde folowet : 
Ouertoke hym full tyte, taried bym ^n, iMiun wtrukM 

8532 Kaght to the reynee of his ricbe bridell : comnuiidKiid 

Vne wrothe in his wille weppit full sore, j^^. 

Gotnauudand ^at comly, as his kynd fader, 
By all hor godde* so gret, & greuyrg of bym, 

8-'i36 )}at he fare shuld ne ferre, ne the feld eatre. 

At the last, l^ui^h the likyng of his lege kyng, wiui)tr™t 
And offence of his ffader, the fteke agayne r(inn»r 

tumyt : 
Fast euyn to his palais, & the place entrid. 

8540 He wold put of no plate of bis pn'se armtrr, but irin, nn nn 
But abode in the burgh in his bright wedis. hu >nn«r. 


Baoii »ii. Then the hatell was brem in the brode fold, 

Mony fell in the fight at the first tyme ! 
ixamodfi uid 8544 Dyamede that dute, & the derfe Troilus, 
witbgmtuptiin ^vjn macchit horn, to mete wtVi two mayii 

( Witft all the bir in borbrestandhorbyghotites, 

mil would luit So f>ai cast horn to caupe wttft a course felle, 

hcd ant MiiitUa 6548 Tbe ton hade doutles ben dede, & drepit for ay, 
""^ Hade not Uenelay migbtylj met bom betwene, 

WttA a batell Aill big bere horn in sonder. 
He front to a fuerse kyng of frigies loud, 
8552 A mon full of might, Jiat Meeeron was cald : 
MinaiHit He had hym of boree, byndward anon, 

nptur«'Mi«m. And he waa takon tuH [tite] & tumyt away. 

Polidamaa, the pme knight, come pnkond 
poirdunu 8596 WitA a folke )»at was felle, & the fight entrid. 

He Reskewet the Renke, russbet vnfaire, 
And inyche baret on bent to the buemes dyd : 
Tilt (inaki •Rxiii ]3aa the grekes a^yne grippit the kyng, 

™ia^^'' 8560 Wold haue [had] of bia bede in a hast Jwre, 
niLihimi jjjjj Troiell full tydely twmyt bom agaynes, 

Kyld doun ^1*6 knigbtw, and the kyng toke ! 
bdiTroiLiu He delinert the lord, let« hym of bond ; 

8564 And fell of his foos fiieraly fat tyme. 
Telemoniuf Aiax come angardly fast, 
Ttiuuni and "Wit/i ytB thowsaund fro men f rang into batell ; 

cnmuiiiiigthiir Gild in wf'tA the grek«s, & mycbe giym wroght, 

*™*' 8568 And mony tulke out of Troy tymit to ground. 

))en fiirghe cbaunse of Achilles & bis choise 
drill tb* Troll u )}ai bere the burgh-men abacke to the bare 

lovtrda Iht sliy. 

walles ; 
):ai bonnet fro bat«Il, & the bent leuyt, 
8572 tiled all in fere frikly to tonne ! 
»i«»roii,«mot Magcron the mighty macchet wiV( Achilles, 



Wold haue takoo the talla tyng, & to toun Ii 

IS a proade son of Priam, & a pnse knight, Prum, uuct* 
8576 And a vright man in wer, ^f hjm too happnit. 

Achillee were hym full wightly, & the wegh MUiniun; 

Bare hym bak to fie )>ent, & the huerne d^hit. 
))en wa» clomour & crye for care of hym one, ou Tmtuu 
8580 And myche dole for hU dethe, fat derit hom all ! 

Telamon, the toure kyng, fe Treiens purenet; (»iii»»..) 

Paris hym put of, & ipreset hym eoie, UHTnduw: 

"Witfi other kynges & knighte«, and the kyde 
hrether ; 
8584 But hom worthe to )>e worse, wete ye for boUio, puh •a* >•'* 
And Boghtyn to the Gitie in a sad hast ! uwrw. 

Than kacht bai the corse of be kyngea son, ud cur? os itu 

' ■' ° ' todjofUwIt 

Broghtyn into bargh Vf tA baret & crye. tntbw. 

8533 When Ector herd of fat hynde vnhappely was 

}Mn &aynit fat &e, who fe freike sloghe. 

" Achilles the choise kyng," oon channsit to Bay, 

" ffell hym in fight & fele of om« knighte» ! " 
8593 Ector, wode of his wit for woo of his brother, Htcuromgsd 

Haspit on his bebne, & his horse toko ; iMk, nAm to 

Went out wightly, vnwetynghis fader. lohntuiwi 

Two Dukea full derae, he to dethe broght, 
8596 And manly wt'tft mayn mellit wt'tA other ; 

Eyid downe knight«^ karve hom in sondor. 

Mnny wondet the weghe, & to woo caste ; 

Britnet hom on bent, and on bake put 
8600 The grek«a, for his greffe, girdyn hym fro, Uh Onefei m 

Thay knew hym full kyndly be caiipe of his ufonbim. 

Then the Treiens full tyte to the tonne floghen, 
IsBuet out egurly Ector to helpe ; tii* Tni)w 

8604 Gild evyn to the greke«, and hor greund toke ; wdiwnrUKir 
ffoghten full felly, and hor fos harmyi 

tv Google 


Polidamas, the purt, was presset so fast, 
J)at he was wonen in wer, & away led : 

8608 Than Ector in yre Egeriy faght, 

And the grekea in his grem gird he to dethe, — 
Two hundreth in hast, ^t the henJ led, — 
And deliu«H the lede wi'tA his lyfe hole ! 

8C12 This a grete of the gTeke« graidly beheld, 

Had meruell full niekyll, macchet hym to Ector, 
(Dochydes, the large, so fie lord hight) ; 
He wend, the pri'nae in the prese haue pat out 
of lyue. 

SC16 Ectoi wrathit liym vith, and the wegh hJt, 
)jat he deghit of the dynt, er he donn feU, 
Achilles, this chaunae choisly beheld, 
))a,t so mony of |)sire men weie marrid by hym, 
* 8620 He hopit but if happely Jiat hardy were slayne, 
)}at neuer greke shuld haue grace tlie ground for 

to wyn ; 
Ne ueuer Troye for to take, terme of hor lyue. 
He bethoght hym full thicke in his thro hsrt, 

8624 And all soteltie soght, serchit his wit. 

On all wise in this world, ^t werke for to end, 
I And the pn'nae with hia power put vnto dethe. 

As he stode f<us in stid, starit hym vpon, 

8628 Policenes, a pert Duke, {lat in prese rode, 

)}at was chere to Achilles, cherisit wt'tA looe. 
And thidur soght, for his sake, his sbtur to 

A mon he was of More Ynde, mighty of godes, 

8632 ]}ere hit auntrid full enyn, ^t Ector hym met. 
And the lede wttA a launse out of lyue bn^ht. 
Achilles the chaunse cheuit for to ae : 
Vne wode of his wit, wait into angur. 

8636 The dethe of fiat Duke he dight hym to venga. 
To Ector full egurly he etlit anon : 
Ector keppit the kyng ei he caupe m:^ht. 

., CJooglc 


Drof at hym with a dart, & Jw Duke hit. Book xxi. 

8640 Hit was keruond & keue, & the kyi^ hurt, ud>aimiii 
And woundit hym wickedly thuight the waist . dm. 


t)at he seait of his sut«, eoght he no feire. 


Achilles for the chop cherit hym not litle, xchiUH bindi up 

8641 Braid out of batell, bound vp his wounde, 
Stoppit the stremys etithly agayne ; 

Lep vp full lyuely, launchit on swithe, 
To )iat ontent, truly, as the trety sais, udtoeato 

6648 To deire Ector wit/t dethe, or d^h fiere hym 

As Ector &ght in the fild fell of the greket. 
He caupit wttA a kyng, caght hym anon ; 
Puld hym, as a prisoner of prise for to wyn, 

8652 WitA etrenght thurgh the atouie, as the story (tcLJUa.) 
His sheld on his shulders shot was behynd, H«tor, wnn irn 
And his brest left hare, so the bueme Bode, behind, u itwuog 
To weld hym more winly fat worthy to leda to™i*imt, 

8656 Achillea grippit a gret speiie wtVt a grym wiUe, iriw Aiuuai 
Ynperaayuit of the prince piiktt hym to, ud taom um 

"Woundit hym wickedly, as he away loked, «"P»r- 

Thurgh the body y/ith the bit of the bright end, 

8660 That he gird to ^e ground, & the gost yald 
This Sedymon segh, |)at soght out of Tioy : 
Evyn wode for |)at worthy waa of lyne done, 
Ue cheuet to Achilles with a chop felle, 

8664 pat he braid to the hent with a brem wound ; Actduw ii tmck 
And for ded of fat dynt the Duke fere hym leuit. lowttolnu ' 
The Myrmaidone, hia men, f aire maistur can take, ''***■ 
Bere hjrm on his biode sheld to his big tent, 

8668 There left hym as lyueles, laid hym besyde ; 

But yet deghit not the Duke, f of hym deie tholit. 

, Google 


Then the Troiens witA tene tumyt them backs, 
Soghten to Jw Citie witA aorow in hert, 

ugaidly fast, 
And the body of the bold prtnse btoghtyn hom 

When the corse of ^at comly comya waa to 
Tin body of Michs dole & dyn was dole [for] to here, 

H«i« 1. brought gg^g ^^^j^ Sobbyng fro the Cit4, & Syling of teria, 

WiUi gawlyng & grete the grettiat among. 
Tbegiiafuii All the Citiesvns, for sothe, for aorov of the 


pK^i^ pnose, 

Micbe water fai weppit, wringyug of hood : 
8680 The dit & the dyn waa dole to he-hold I 

All the wemen of wit thurgh the wale toune, 
Wyfua, & wedowea, & woTshjpfuU mMdnes, 
WttAin houses & ballia hard waa fere diere. 
(M-utft.) 8684 Wyth myche dole vppon dayes & on derke 
Some, tna, kw Sum Wilt into woilenee, & of wit paat : 

The petie & the playnt was pyn foi to here ! 
£uer thtu said in hor sagh, as ^ so might, 
8688 )>ai had no hope of pen heale, na |)ere hede 
All hor trust ^an was tynt, truly pai said, 
Thurgh the dethe of fat dere, & done out of 

"Alasse, the losse and the lure of oure lefe 
pri'nae ! 
8C'92 How Besit be oure Citie witA oure sad foa ; 

Our husbandefl to hard dethe, & our hede slayne ; 
We set vnder seruage, in aorow to abyde ! " 
On this wise all the weke, woke fa within, 
8606 With Remyng & ranthe, Iteuke* to be-hold. 

) by Google 


L be body of |)at bold vas broght to his &deT, 

-WitA aU the kynge* fiiU clene, & )>e kid Dukes. S^^ 
WitA niyche care & crie ^ai comjn hym witJi, JJEj^tlj 

8700 Bent of fere riche clothes, ryuyn fere chekw, i"*™ 
And eetton hym fnll sorily f»at souwain befoia. wit load 
When Priam, the priea kyng, on the pn'nsa 

Siiche a soraw fall sodenly aanke in his hert, 

8704 )Mt he fainted foi feble fell on hia cone 

In a ewone & a svogh, as he awelt void. ni(rtgf or 

He was ded, as to deme, fat day mony tymea, baOj, 
ffor the dole & the deire of his dere aone. 

8708 Ne hade the bueme from the body bigly ben 

He hade doutlea be dede, & his day comyn. 
Miche bale hade his bnthei, and his bliths 

Horn hade leusr then the lond ont of lyne be. 
8712 What of Ecuba the honorable, fat W« his aime 
model I 

The sorow fat ho snffert were soUy to here ; 

& the dole of Andromaca, fat yna bis dere wife. 

What blod & bright watnr on hir brest light I 
8716 & the eobbyng & the sorow, fat songht hii 

Hit were tore any tonge tell hit wttA monthe ! im. 
The dole for fat doghty of hia dere liyndei^ 
Of wepyng, & wayle, & viyngyng of hondes, 

8720 Clamvi & crie, ciakkyng of iyngors, 

Of f ledis ^t hym lonyt, no lettur might tell I 
The body of this bold, fat barely is ded, 
Most follow hj fouime the &eettie of man : 

8721 Hit may not long Tpon loft ly vncoimppit, 
Ne be keppit thurgb kynd foi vnclene ayre. 

Then Fnam, the pnse kyng, prteitly gert come iTtiun 
Afaistois full mony, & men ^at were wise. |,aw a 


Boatm. 8728 Ho fraynet at |)0 fre, with a fyn wille, 
ii<Bii uit bodr ot How the koise might be keppit in his kj'nd 

nrmpUon, uid hoU, 

^^ flft-esshe, vndefacede, & in fyne hew. 

As a lede vpon lyue, likyng to Be ; 
8732 And not orible, ne vgly of odir to fele. 

Then ^o maistuis gert make a menielous toiuniM, 
Honei'able & auonand, in Apolyn temple, 
At the prayer of Pn'am, of a pn'ae werke, 
8736 Beside Tiberian, Jiat in Troy yraa a triet yate, 
fibimdit full faiie fele yerea past 
Thermrt* There set was full solenly besyde the high 

rldi ubcnudB 

HI four pUlin 

*'^ A tabernacle triet & tristyly wroght, 

8740 Of foure pillera vp pight all of pure gold : 
Like ymagca were all, abill of shap, 
Lokend full lyuely aa any light angels, 
tfro above to p« base bright to bo-hold, 

8744 'With full corins korae, & craftely grauen. 
Hit waa atiryt rmb the top all viUi triet stonea, 
Of all kyndes to ken, psi clerkes cold denyse. 
)}ai lemet so light, |)at ledes might se 

8745 Aboute midnyght merke as witA mayn t«rchee ; 
And on dayea to deme, as by due sight, 
Aa beaniys of bright sun, fat braunchis olofte. 
This tabernacle tristy was tyrit on hegh, 

8752 Vpon cristall full clere, cluatrit wi't/i greaos, 
As a gate fro the ground to the gay herse : 
})at weghee might walke & w&ite f entpon. 
Aboue on fls bright, aa the boke sayes, 

8756 Thos niaisturs gert make a merueloua ymage. 
All grauen of gold, a grct & a longo, 
Amyt after Ector, abill of ahap, 
WitA a noble sword & a nait naked in hia bond, 

8760 Vp holdand on high as he (at wold stryko : 
Tumyt to the tenttw of the tori" grelu^ 



W(tA a lyuely loke, l«dia to be-hold : Beofctii. 

The same fawchon fiill fell, fat ^ freke beie, 
8764 ))at had greuit mony grekea, & to ground broght, 

Hit vas bumisshed full bright Si of blade kene ; 

And in inynd of ^at man for manas was boldya. 

The body of (lat bold, as bueme vppou lyue, They •« iht 
8768 Waa full solemly set in a seate ruder, imdtrUe 

Ymydward the mayne towmbe vnlh maistrea unng* n tiut 
deuyse. to'JlMtmSl^. 

All the fetuis of ^t Ire, fresshe to be-hold, 

Iche lede on to loke, lemye & other 
8772 All set for to se, eaue the fete one, 

In Boche apparell full pure, as the pn'nce vsit. 

jMn fo maistuTS gert make, amyddea his hede, 

A hole ^uigh his heme-pon hertely by craft ; Thtj cwua t 
8776 Theie-in put was a pipe, vith a pnse oyntment drap idu tho 

Of bavme & of balsamom, ^at hiethede full awete, m ont iiu> tudj 

'With of er matoTS mynget, fat most were of " """^ '■ 

Conseniatours by craft, fat cointly were made. 
6760 The barme futghe his braya all on brod lan, 

And the forhed before freeshly within ; 

So hit entrid to f e Ene, & evyn to his naee, 

And so be craft & by course come to his cheke», 
8784 Goyngtohisgomys and the groundof histethe, (w, i» 

}}at keppit horn be crafte all in dene Tertue. 

So the fiice of pat freike was fresshe to he-hold, nr tbii m 

Wit/i the here on his hede, fat hogely was ttatoniat 

8786 And grew Iro the ground, fat gomys might "^ 

As a lede vpon lyne ; lefe if ye will ! 

flVo thethen the lycoar belyue lannchit doun 

Thoigh the goters of his gorge, & the grete pype, 
6793 To the brest of the bueme and the bare ehulders ^ 

, Google 

2bo tbb eubalhiho. 

Boot HI. And past eo by pioces to his priae armys, 

Bret tha^h the bones and the big senowis, 
BaniMUHUfiM Eaer folowand the foil to Jie fyngwr endya. 

8796 So hit soght to the sydea & aerchit wttfi-in, 
And keppit horn fiill cleane in hor kynd hew, 
)}at aa a lede vpon lyue to loke on ^ ware. 
}]on hit aewit furth soberly, & aanbe tm abou^ 
8800 By the lynda* of the lede, to the leell theghes, 
iifi Hid ft(t. Passond by pons into pe pure legges ; 

And ao, be corae of the craft, com to hia fete. 
In whiche fet« fere waa formyt freashly auother, 
8804 f^ill of bawme ^t waa bright, & of biethe noble. 
Thoe keppit waa this corae of the clene pn'nse, 
Ajb a lede Tpon lyne a full long tyma 
TborMtronri pea }>oa maist«TS gert make, all witk mayu 

Uh berlj (bar r. 

tanip.otB0W. cMlte, 

^^«K>M ggQg ffovre kmpia foU light, ledis te beholde, 
ntbwuiiiwd. jjgt g^y ^gjg gi gret«, all of gold ^e j 

ffild vp wttA fyre, fat fynet not to bren ; 
)jat no watoT )ien wete in world m^ht horn let, 
8812 Xe the light make lease ne the low taAe. 

When this tabnniacle atyrit waa tally to end, 
Thai cloait hit full cl&nly, all with clene ambnr, 
Tmbe the borders aboae, )>at no bueriie entrid, 
8616 WttA a doie fat was deme, all for dere Aynde* 
fibr to lake on fat lede, when bom lefe fought, 
Or fat soght hynt to se in his Bet« holL 
(tat. IN I.) Then Priam, the prise kyng, pnruait to leng 

8820 Mony seraondie full eolemne in the same 
temple, — 
Of prestw to pray, and pure men of lyffe, 
With worship to wale goddis, & wakyng on 

He gafe Hentte« faU Eife, & myche Eanke godis, 
8824 All fo ledis on to lyf, fat longit ferto, 

Bothe prestes and prise clerke* prndly to ^nd. 

and rich 





When Ector done was to dethe, & hie da; past, 
Acliilles woundit fiill wothely in were of his 
8828 All the grete of the grekes gedrit weie sone, 

B; ordinaunce of the Empproure, pat after hom 

Thus he spake for his apede his specials Tnto : — i 
" Now fryudei, in &lth, ts is &ire happont, 
8832 And }toIj, me thinke, we thanke sbnld ouie tMr^jvATiu" 


|)at base giauntid ts ^at grace of ^e gome Ector, 

To be drepit to dethe thorgh dugbty Acblllea 

ffor, while the lede waa on Ijf^ & his lymes boll, 

We bade bertely no hope here for to spede, 

Tonder toun for to take, ne tene bom wtt^in, 

Ke in this lend, at our litst, lykyng to bane. 

ffor he base kyld of our kynges, to count hom for h* tmd iiiin 

by nome, o™k* md ttutt 

Piothesselon, Patrocnlu^ & Policene alse ; 
Myrion the mighty, & the mayn Sedymon ; 
Protbenor the pert, & the pnnse Xancipun. 
Alphenor the foerse floi^ he to dethe ; 
Arcbilb^n ihe choise choppit to ground ; 
Domen the doughty, & derf Polexenas ; 
Isum, also, abill of his dedys. 
Polipbeten, a prise men, he put out of lyiie ; 
LetabioQ on the laund fere left be for ded ; 
And mony giete of oar greke> hs to ground 

Syn he be deatanj is dede, what dem bar TS ellufl, ii>di»wtititu 
But the Citie to seae, 8c elyng it to gronnd ; tbaTrviuHwiu 
All the pepoll to pyne put, and dethe at onre m. uiaj 


) by Google 

two montbi, tliU 
tfi^ dead miijr b« 

burled and tbolr 


itooiii^L And ^t shall douteles be done in dayea a few. 

And syn ts botia notto batell but ts bale woiihe, 
WitAoutyn the helpe and the hondea of herty 

8856 Hit is best fat we byde, bariy, me thinke, 
Tyll he be hole of his hait, hast we no feir. 
Tbtt iii^r ■faonid Let VB pumay to Priam pme men of wit, 

ffor to trete of a tru in trist of the bettor, 

8860 Till two monethes & more be meuit to end, 

ffor to beiy f iee bodies, {lat brittnet aie to dethe. 
That Btorie ve wttA stynke, & our state harmys ; 
And OUT hurt men to hele, |)at harmys haae kaght." 

8864 When his speche was spokyn, & sped to |)e last, 
All the lordes hit alowet, & lowten perto. 
Then sent weie pere eone soundismen two. 
To Pnam, the prise kyng, purpos to hold ; 

8868 And he grauntid vngright with a good chere. 
And aflirmet bit witft faith to fe frelda all. 
WttAin the tyme of f ia tru, as the trety saia, 
Palomydon the proud kyng playnet hym ofte, 

8872 Of Agamynons gouemaunce in a gret« yre. 

And as hit tid on a tyme, |ies triet kyuges hoole 
Were somyn at a semly the sou^mn before, 
Palomydon pnt hym full prestly to say, 

8876 And meuit of his mater, fat I ntynnet are. 

)jan Agamynon, fvill godely, agaya to hym said, 
Before Jhj kynge* in oomyn on a eleane wise ; — 
" Now Palomydon, pure ffrende, pertly I aske, 

8860 WhethuT fou hope it in hert, or hold in fi mynd, 
That I am glad of f is gou'^naunce, to be gyde 

Syn I wi'tA prayer, ne witA pursuet, preset not 

Ne desyret hit in dede fe dayes of my lifTe. 
8884 Ne neofr fortberit me a ferthing to fyky my 

goodes J 

) by Google 


But oft wandrit, & woke, & in my wit caate ; Bookixi. 

And my pei^oo enpayret, pynet me soce, (loL U7 b.) 

flbr thes lordes )iat I lede, and the ledis all, 
8888 And my auete all aomyn, sound for to kepo 

Oat of daangei and dole, & fro dethe hold. 

And yf this power be putto any pi-ise kyng. And i •luu t* 

Or any lord in ouie land, hit likes me full well nndn uu 
8892 Eis biddyng tg obey, and hie bone here ; uoaarT" 

And be gouemyt by that graithe, as hia degra 

Wele I hope in my hert, & b^hly Suppose, 
I haue not enit in aaythyng of all my tyme yet, 
8896 In any caa to acount, fat comyn is before, 

pai hase akapet va to skathe, ne to skyie harme. 

8yn me to chose as for cbeftan boa no chai^ twuDhoHnwa 

, , jnn tofun joa 

hade, jcfIha u. 

MenielJ the not mekell, ne in mynd baue ; 
8900 ffor fou apperit not in prflaena, ne preuyt not (li 

Ne entrid not the ost till alW two yerea- 
If we barly hade abiden wilA ouie buemee hole, Hid ■■ wiIimI 
Webade asB[em]eId ben at Attens, all onre ost mmid miu hm 
Somen, t-uAo™. 

8904 And not past out of port, ne cure purpos haldyn. 
Ne, non hertly aballe hope |>at I am here £tyn. 
Of hia gousmaunce be glad, ne haue gret Joye ; 
ffot hit is lykyng, by my lyf, & lusty for me, i •mu t^oic* if 

8908 To chose another cheftait by charge of ts all ; wnnniiiiiiaT to 
And his alligiaunee lelly I will loute to, 
With all the might fat I may to maintene our 

Se, fi self may not say, ne for sothe telle, andiixmDiiot 

89 1 2 Wtt^ut assent of all somyn, sothely till now, dt^ wbid> tm 
JM any dede has be don, or to dom past, witboat ui* 

But fou in pe>-son aprevit, & all cure prise i^SmJimiof 


Aad hj agrement of the gret, & ]>e graunt 

8916 "Wlieii the souarom hade said, )iea he seat here ; 
And of thia ma.Ua no more was menyt at pai 

Xhe Bame day, Sothely, sais me the lyne, 
M At eaenaangtyme afteiwaid, Agatuynon hym 

8920 Somond all ])o souerame somyn to appere, 

And the knightei by comae, comyna & other, 
In preaena of }iat prt'nae with fere pure witte*. 
The secnnd day sevyng, before hym-eelf euyn, 
8924 JJen gedret were the grete witA fere gyng all, 
Comjn to |)e kyng and ^ere comae bald, 
ten ^ worthy fee wordea warpit hom too : — 
" Now, fryndes & ffelowes, fayrly to |iia, 
, 8926 I hane ben charglt aa cheftain, be chaunse of 
our godde* ; 
And haue traueld witft tene, oft turnyt my wit. 
All ouie wayea to wale, fat woishlp might folow ; 
))at the grete on this ground, & fiaire gomys hole, 
8932 Uight snerly be saayt, & ])aire sute haue. 

Hit has happont me hiderwaid, thurgh help of 

our goddes, 
))at all oure fare & ome fortune hath fallyn to 

Sjn hit ia Eeaaon & right, ))at renhe* so mony, 
8936 Noght ay obaye to on bueme, ne hie bone kepe, 
)}at ore bo monjr, & mighty, & more of astate ; 
Now is tyme in this tiu, or any toile rise. 
To discharge me as cheftain, & chatmge my li^ 
8940 That have maintenede wttA monhode mony yero 
Let sum kyng of oure company, or sum dene 

) by Google 

CBOSBK. 291 

By assent uf all sotnyn, set hym ferbo, Boomi. 

And goaeme vs with gtaithues & wM gret wit, 
6914 To be chai^t as cheftaiu by choise of ts all." 

Jjen aaeentid full sons aonerain & other, ^ij*""" 

And were glad of |)e graunt, pat the grete said ; MMotioiiM 

ffor hit ia couyt by b. comyn, by eorse of fere wit, 
6918 Ay hor cheftain to chaunge, |K>f hit chefe wois ; 

And ay fayce of the freike in bia fiist tyme, 

Jjof hit worthe to fe worse : wete ye for sothe. 

Paxi pea lordys to Election lyuely f>ai went, 
8952 To cheae bom a cheftan vith charge of bom all, 

"Who shuld falle it by fortnne of the fre kynge*. 

Palomydon for prise the pert kyngea toke, S^™^ " 

And ordant hym Empsrourby oppyn assent, udadiDowMgei 
8956 The oat for to honour, & agh hym as lord : ((u. ih ».) 

And hia alligiannce to lonte liked horn all. 

When CBiise of thies kyi^s was comyn to an 

All IttTTiyt to Jtere tentt««, when the tyme aaket, 
6960 Then hit chaunait Jtat Achillea of )ie choise herd, mas- n 

That Falomydon waa pnnae, & put doun the tt»eMm; 
totber : 

Hit beuet hym hogely of pai h&rd chaunce. 

Hit was vnfittyng, be aaid, pera souerain to voids; 
8964 ffor the giaithnes of Agamynon, & the gret wit, 

Was passand Palomydon & the prinaeB all ; 

And a choise ahuld in chaunge be chosen for 
the bettur. 

But it comyn was be coniee of comyn assent, 
8968 And confinnit by the kynges, he keppit hit foi MMiniuiou. 

Jio more in the mater mellit hym as then. 
But past forth to bia pale, & heie a pase endis. 

) by Google 

JSateU ot tfie eWe. 

fiuery Wegh, ^t will wete of thu werke ferr, 
8972 Lengis here a litle, lyeten my worde* I 

When tyme of this tni tumjt was to end, — 
Two monethes meujt, as I mont first, 
To (venga the Priam, the pn'se kyng, purpast hym-seluyn 

prius UidhU' ' S9T6 fibr to deire for the dethe of his deie son. 
^^1^^™,, He boimet hym to batell on his heat wise, 

I^^J^' "™ And aasignet hym-aelf Bouflrains ahouto, 

Tho ledis to lede, as hym lufe thoght. 
8980 IX. M. thro kiught«8, Jnyuond in armys. 

He aseignet for hym-aelfe at the same tyme, 
<M. m 0.) (As Dares breuyt in his boke, & harly can tell) 

& X. M. firo men, firisty of hond ; 
8984 And ffyfty M. fere, fell men of will, 

Tumyt oat of Troy wttA the triet kyng. 
Tint DHphotui DefBbus diogh forth wttA his derfe pepult, 

Sh^imTth™ Then Paris witli prise put next after, 

^J^*" 8988 J)en the sonwainhyra-selfe, the sure kyi^tPr/am; 

uini xaa*. Eneas afterward etlit anone, 

v^^^^ J)en [Menon], the mighty kyng, meuit to feld : 

(MS. im Mwo.) polidamaa, the pert knight, presit on the laat 

8992 When thies batels full bold were to bent comyn, 
Thny hurlit furth hard to the h^h laund, 
ffrickly fere fos found for to grous. 



Palamydon, fat was pn'nse of the proude ffrekea, Book xxii. 
8996 All his Renkes had arayet, as he rede toke, FiiunsdH anjw 

And met hom with mayn, machit to-gedur. aer«iHiii^ 

ffell was the frusahe, fey were fere mony ; 

Mony kyngfls were kyld, & kant men of armes I 
9000 Priam to Palamydon pT-eset so fiwt, I'rtm imitH 

)}at he gild hym to groimd of his grete horse : 

There lenyt he the lede, Unnchet ahoute, 

And fell in the fald mony fj-n knight. wii. »oin.ound. 

9004 Mony woundet fat worthy, & wroght vntodethe; 

Mony gird vnto ground, wt'tft his grym dyntteit. 

Hit is wonder to wet«, in hia wode anger, 

How doghtely lio did fat day wtt/i hia hond ; HiiftBtaofii™ 
9008 Or fat any froike vpon feld of ao fele yeres, 

So mightely wi'tA mayn shuld marre of his fos. 

Deffihns, the derf kn^bt, dang hom to ground 

fTuersly & fast, wi'tA a fell woppon. 
9012 Kyng 8eppidon,forsotlie, asadmonof strenght, aufHanvii 

Bonnet vnto batell viih a brem wille, rwh « ikU 

And to Neptilon anon, a noble mon of Greae, 

Ab by atowmes of atrenght, streght on hym met 
9016 This Seppidon, for aothe, he set soche a dynt, 

That he gird vith a grone to the ground euyn : (*>'. i»fc.) 

But the freke vpon fote fuerely can wyn, bo™ jown, im 

Braid out a big sword, bare to hym aone Noopioiflniuin 

9020 WitA a dedly dynt, & derit hym fuU euyll "" '"*'■ 

Thiogh the thicke of the thegb, throty with hond. 

The kyng of Peray came full prest vith a proud 

And Seppidon tio the Soils set vpo lofte. 
9024 Thnrgh the tulkise of Troy, & hor triet helpe. 

The Duke of Athens dn^h in, & derf Menelaus, Mmteu and 

Vfiih a noyus nowmbar, nowble men all, aoum, with 

Vmcloset the kyng and his knight«s als. !„ , mumh king 

9028 The kyng of Persy fai put down vnto pale dethe ; ^^^iKr" 

Bare the Troiens abacke, & myche bale did. ^^™- 

, Google 


»«>^ '"'• In defence of his folke, the faetse kyng Sepidon 

ffaU worthelf wrt^t with his frale etrenght 
9032 Thedui Priam can prrae vttA his prua knightw, 
And hia noble sons naturell, ))at naiti; hym 

On fche syda for hia eocour, aoght hym abouta. 
Then the Troiena Ml tyte, in hor tore angur, 
9036 Giidon to the Greke* vitA a giym fare. 
Prim i>v The noble Priam fiill prrot put horn to ground, 

Slogh hom doun el^hlj vUA sl^^t of hia hond. 
Of all the Troiena so toie & tyd^ of war, 
9040 Was non bo doughty )>at day, ne did halfe ao 
Nc BO wight in hia werkea, as the wale kyng, 
Bomrw Av th* ))at for soiow & Borgiym of hia sonnys dethe, 

nMin* th( Kestouret hym hia strenght as in stueme yowtha. 

■u^^ aih\t QQ ^^ ,j^^ jj^ Grek«t by a-grement gedrit hom somyn, 
Betwena the Troiena & the towne, yf ^ ttime 
ThcOnkiauoff In companya cloane, knighta« full mony, 

uh ettj. All pight on a playn, fere fiai passe shuld. 

9048 When the grekea wi'tA gi«m gird hom abacke, 
ffoiset were ^ai snne with a sad pepull, 
J]at faght wttA hom felly, & mony frekos slc^h. 
IM. 14* a.) Hard hnrlyng in haat, highet hom batwene. 

9052 Mony bueroee on the bent blody beronen ! 
PriuntoiiMta jjg hade Pnam the pWse kyng preset hom 

)}at was f^htyng in the feld on the fer syde, 
Myche murthe of hia men & myschefe hade 
90S6 And of hia ledis ben lost mony lell hnndrith. 
pvb iin brinR* Parys ^n p«set in wt'tA a prise batell 

otudMH. Of noble man, for the nonest, naitist of wille. 

All vritJi bowes full big, & mony bright arow ; 
90CO Gird cuyn to the grekes, grenit hom fall sore, 



Uony birlt on the brest, & the backe Jiirlet. Bwfcmt. 

So greoit were the gieku fuigh the gret shot, 

))at >ai fled all is fete, & the feld lenit : tiw orMfa m 

9064 Tumet to ^ere tentt«a, the Troiens beheld. imu, ua uw 

Was no fireke vpon fel[d]e fobwet horn after, ^^ ^_ 

Bat soghten to )ie Citie wttA a softe pas, 

And entrid in Eaself efter ^re wille : 
9068 And all worshiptin the werke of ^ worthy k;ng 

As for beat of the batell, boldest of bond. 

The secnnd day euyng, when the sun rose, 

The Troiena to the t«ntte« tristy men send, tii> Tnduu 

9072 ffor a tm to be tan, as the trety sau ; 

(Whethur long, othir littiOl, list me not tell, 
fibr no mynd is yer% made in our mens bokes, 
Ife noght put in our ptoses by poiettat of old.) 

9076 WitAin the tTme of >iB trn, the Troiens did 
The cofse of the kyng, [that] come ont of Pets, (HS. bu ■«•» 
fTot to bery in the bo^he on hot best wise, 
ffor whom moomyng was made mekill ynogh, 

90SO And prmsipall of Paris, that the prinse louit, iiHTnduM 
)Mt of faith & afinytle were festnet to-gedur ; kidc atmMm, 
)}at oidant on all wise after his dethe, tohit«M uT' 

The sonerain to send into his soile bom ; "* "" "wnnj. 

9084 On a bere to hie boi^h broght hym belyue, (iN. i«».) 

To be entiret ttietly in a toumbe ricbe. 
As bi-coma for a kyng in his kythe riche, 
In prrnens of his prise sonnes, as the prose 

9088 That shold be ayres after him anenond of lyue. 


Dutyng the dayes of this du pes, 



_ Boot XIII. Tlie prtae kyng Priam p)-eatly gert oidan 

prtuB ippohiu B A gret solenit^, for BOthOj all the ciU thaTgh, 

HcriSoHiB 9092 Xj dayea to endure, as for dere holy, 

H^^ In honour of Ector oddist of knigbte*, 

With Sacrifice SI aoleniti^ vnto aere godde«. 

When thies dayes were done of the du feat, 
9096 J)en ordant wae on, — oddiat of all, 
«nd ■ ftiiKni A ffynerall fcst, fat frekea f on vset, 

];at become for kynge«, & for kjd pnnaes. 

That moat were of might & of mayn atate. 
Durtngthbtnicii, 9100 That in tymes of the tru the Troiena might 


Tnjuii luii Mdh irend, 

In-to the tentia by tymea, and tafy while fteni 

And the grekee, agayne, go to the tonne. 
To Bporte horn mtfi apeciall, & a apace lenge. 
9104 Achillea bade appetite, & angaidly diaairet, 
The Citie for to ae, and tbe aolemne fare 
At the entiermont full triet of )h3 tru prinse. 
afhuih getm to ban vnarmyt be eutrid, euyn to be eitie : 

Ui* tompli of 

Ai>i>!ia,whFr(ti.a 9108 To AppoUo purc temple psssit auou, 

wu Ht. There tbe body of the bold blithly waa aet. 

Of honerable Ector, as I ere aaid. 
Tiiauinpitii There were plenty of pepull, prise men & noble, 

nmrntn; 9112 And worthy wemen to wale weping wi'tfl teria. 

In aykyng & aorow ayttyng abonte. 

The tabumacle titly vntild waa abone, 

On yche ayde, aa I say, who fat ae wold, 
HMor ii \ttiM 9116 pen the body was aboue of the bold prinse, 
miui. In his seto, as I said, aittyng full hoole, 

pai arayet was full ricbely, aa I red baue, 
cj. u\ a.; With bame & with Italsaum, ^t brethid full 

9120 At the fete of J»at fre waa his faire moder, 
Ai hta ffrt. Honerable Ecuba, oddist of ladya, 

Poi^inDii, ina And Folexena the pert, )>at waa his prise snsler. 


WiVt mony worshjpfall wemen to wale in ^e Boot s 
towns, thenimiHi 

9134 Tlie here of ^en heddas hynging on biede, cUiae'elw 

On backe & on breat bare for to shew ; im»ni ■- 

Wtt/i remyng, & rauthe, & myche rife aorow, 
Sobbyng & aourcher soght fro ^sre berttes. 

9128 Polexena tbe pert pairet of hir hew, n>iHi<itj 

All facid hir face witA hir fell tens, Hentbnuj 

pat was red as the Kosea, richest of colonie, '**"' 
Hit was of hew to behold wi'tA hend men aboute. 

9132 The tens fat trickilt on her tiyet cheke*, 
Aa pure watwr pouret vn pollahet jerae, 
pat blaknet witA bleryng all hir ble qwite. 
The faire heria of Jut fre flanunet of gold, 

9136 All abonen on hir brest & hir bright swire, 
Pat sho halit witA. bond, hade it in eouder. 
And puld hit wttA pyn, pit4 to be-hold. 
When the bond of ])at hend to ^e hede yode, 

9140 Hit Bemyt by eight of eittera aboat«. 
As the moron mylde meltid aboue, 
When ho hasted wttA bond ^e here foi to 

touch e. 
When Achillea the choise maidon wi'tA cheie Actauisgi 

can behold, noniler 

9U* Hehadeferlyofhirfairhede,& fell into thoght "*'^"'" 
To hym-eeluyn he eaid in his saule ]wn, 
)}at neu«r wegh in thie world of woman kyud. 
Hade faimes eo fele, ne so fyne ehap, 

9148 Ke 80 pleaeaund of port, ne of pore nnrtur. 

Ae Achilles this choise in chapell beheld, b*uiot*-i 

A fell arow in his frant featnet of lone, 
Wonndit hjrm wickedly by will of hym-seluyn ; 

9152 And lurkid doun lagher to bis low brest, 
All batnet his bert, as a hote fyra. 

Made hym langwys in Lone & Longyngw gTet«. <ri>i. i«i 
Ay the more on fat maidon the mighty beheld, ud iiw i« 



The sarre woandit be waa, & his wille hatter. 

Lo, BO aodainlf wt'tA sight in a sod hast, 

A whe ma; be woundit ^urgh ^lle of hym 

Thus, Achilles by chaosse is chaltrid in giTm, 
With loue of this lady, ^t ledis to '))e dethe. 
All the care of his core the kyng has foi;geton. 
And all menit out of niTiid saue the maidon 

Hhl tMIM Um 

When J»e day onerdn^h to fe doe tyme, 

9164 Ecnba tho honorable, & hir awne doghter, 
Turnyt from the temple and to toune yode ; 
Wentton hom wightly, weppit Domore. 
The lede loked hir after with a loue egh, 

9168 ffolowand on fer, fai fre to beholde, 

)Mt was cause of his combraoBe & his cold dethe : 
p&n wttA langur of luat, & of lone hol«, 
He was stithly astondid, stird into Jioght. 

9172 So he passid the port, & Iiis pale entrid, 
Twmyt into tent, takon full hard. 
The bueme into bed basket anon, 
Seke & vnaound, set out of hele : 

9176 Mony thoghtee full fro ))Tarng hym wi'tAin, 
And was laburt full long in his lefe saule. 
He feld in his £ire, & his fell hert, 
})at the cause of his comhraunse was the cicre 

9180 Thiea woTd«s, in his wo, witturly he said, 
Soberly to hym-selfe, Jiat no saule here : — 
" Now wrecche ftdl Tnworthy, wo mot I Jwle, 
pat mony etalworth in stoure, & stnerne men 
haue kyld, 

9184 Might non abate of my biysse, ne my ble 
Noght Ector of all other, oddist of knight«^ 
Hade no sleght me to sle, ne to slyng vnder, 



N^e onarcome me bj cooree with hia dene Bt 
9168 A £&«]e woman me fiides, & xaj foa cbannges, tat> 

And haa gird me to grotmd, & my gost feblil ! 

Sjn bo ia cause of my cue, & my cold ajigiir, 

Att what leche vppon lyne might I laite hele 1 (tc 
9192 Thera is no medcyn on mold, sane the maiden 

^t my Bois might aalae, ne me sonnd make. 
The whiche )>of I loue, & langwisshe to dethe, 
WitA proyer, with pme, ne witA pure etrenght, 

9196 Ne for worthinee of wer, ne of wale dedis. 

What wildnee, or worship, waknet my hert wiim 

ffor to hap hei in hert, ^t haW my-selayn t dh v 
Id bir cuntre to come, & hir kyn sle, ""' 

9200 Hii &dar & hii fryndia, fond to dietroy, 

And bii brotbor bane bntnet, )« beet vpon erthe t 
On what wise in this world wilne ehuld I bir, or, wi 
Most exilent of other, onerable of kyn, iIiot* 

9204 Of Bent, & of Eiches, rankir fian I, 

And passes of pertnes pure wemen all ? 

Hit semith me vii3ertain,all sercbyng of wayea ; bhi t 

Ya atokyn Tp full stitbly, ahold etieche to my 

9208 ]Kn he tumys in bis tene, Sc terys on bis cbekes ^* <" 
Bonen full rifely, for bis rauke soiow. 
)}en he driet vp the diopea, & di^bly can syle. 
On all wise in this world he hia wit cast, 

9212 fibr to wyn to bis will, if werdia nogbt let. 
t>en be rose fro bis rest in a Bad haat, 
Aeket water at bis w^hee, wesahed hym anone, 
Be&esshing bis face for facyng of teres, 

9216 And diide Tp bis dropes for dymyi^ his ene. 

) by Google 



Anon as the night passid, & negliid the day, 
Yet lastoon the lell tru the lordea betvene^ 
. He ordant to Ecuba, the honerable qwene, 

9220 A message for the maiden by a mene fr}-nd, 
Priuely to pasae to the pn'ae lady, 
J)at worthy to wilne to hia wif euyn. 
And mell wi'tA a manage & matremony hole, 

9224 Ae a lady to line to hir lyues end ; 

On snche couenannd to kepe, yf ^t dere wold. 
He ahuld procour the prtnae, & the prise gteliM, 
I To pas fro ^at prouyns, payie horn nomoro ; 

9228 And nought tary on the towne, ne no tene wirke, 
WitAonte condisconn, or cause, for to come after. 
The mon, ^t this meaaoge meuit for to do, 
Was a e«ruond full sore of the same kynges. 

9233 \Vhen he hade told hym |)is tale, tt^ht hyni 
to go, 
He made hym ledy fall rad, ion to the toun, 
Esely to Ecuba etlit he anon, 
And all his charge, to |)nt cbefe, choisly he said. 

923G The worthy, to ^t wegh, fit was of wit noble, 
Depe of discrecioun, in dole ^of sho were, 
Sho herknet hym full hyndty, & witA hert gode. 
And onswaret hym eaely, enyn on this wise : — 

9240 "ffrend, Jwu shall fairly fere to ))i lord. 

And say hym vpon sewertie thy-aeluyn wttA 

In fat at menys to me, wiik my might hole 
I shall filsyn fia forward, in faith, }iat I can j 

9244 But, I will say the, my son, or fou sew ferre, 
I moat wete all the wille of my wale kyng. 
And my sonnes, for sothe, or I say more, 
Yf )iai grount will Jiis grace, wiV* a goode wille. 



fitdl ooBirare, in f&ith I forme )ie not here, 

But come the thrid day, full froly, wiVioutyn Th™« iiiji h(n« 
^repe more, aj unm,' 

Sew to my selfe, & I the say wille 

Yne faitfaly before, as hit tare ehaU." 
9252 When the meesanger hade melit wttA ye myld 

Thou he lut to )>e lady, & hie leue toke, (m. iu ■.) 

Menit to hia maistor, & the mater told. 

Jien comford he c^ht in his cole hert, 
9256 Thus faengit in hope, & hia hule mendit : 

Mora redy to rest, ricchet his chere. 

This honeiable Eciiba, eft, when hir liked. 

Preset vnto Triaia, and Paria hir son ; Hantu rmmu 

9260 Caght horn in counsel!, & hir cause told, — Prtmn ud Puri*. 

All the maner of the message tiova )>e main kyng. 

When Priam persayuit the proffer of )» greke, 

Long he stode in a stody, or he atii wold, Priui ii nn 

0261 Douu hengond hie hed, herkonyng the qwene : ui«wui 

Mony thoght«< full fro frang hym wi'tAin ! ««"" - 

Thus onswart fat honorable euyn to his wif ; — 

" A ! how hard were my hert, to hold hym aa "iii.«b«jihiiif 
&end, ViHtnT-" 

9268 That so highly me hyndret, & my hate seruet ! um Uftaai 

All the leght has he loat fro my leue ene, ""■ 

Thurgh alaght of my sou, {vat my sore ekys I 

ffor whose dethe, vppon dayee, all the deife 
9272 Hertyn horn full hogely, my harmes to encres. 

But to fle all the offence, & fortune to come, But to hcimw 

In aanyng of my selSe & my sons als ; 

flat I may lyff in my lond in my last dayes, 
9276 Out of batell & baret in my bare eld, 

I assent to pi aagh, vpon aoche wise, IubmioUi* 

pat he pis forward fulfills, & before do, pnntdtd'ihu b> 

AndwitAnogawdesmebegi^nctogreuefeTTe." ^I^S- 



■fcmi- 9280 The prise -wotdes of Pnam Paris alowet, 
And damet to be don, as the duke said. 
So fat his wiffe, o nowise, — ^woishipMl "Rlun, — 
Shuld be sent to hii aoueraJD, ne eecbe mto 

But leng in ^t lend to hir lyues end. 
The f rid day, full (iroly, ])riuond Achilles 
Sent his message, fall mekely, to f e myld qwene. 
He past to hir pn'uely, and the pert fond, 

9268 And asket of Jtat onerabla onsware to haue. 

Thus said hym fat souentin wt'tA a softe 

speche; — 
" I haue wetyn the wille of my wale kyng. 
And of Paris, my pure son, preatly also ; 

9292 Bothe assenton to f is sound, sothely, to me, 

On suche couenaunt to kepe, fat the kyng shall 
All f o forvaidw fulfill, fiist, of hyn-Beluyn. 
All ya holly in hyra, hi>ld yf hym lyst, 

9296 ffor to sew hit hym-selnyn, say hyt fro me : 
So hit keppit be in conrce, carpit no ferre, 
Tyll yssa be oidant^ after hie deuyse." 
))en be leae of fte lady, the lode on his way 

9300 Past at the pori^ & the pale entrid : 

To his maistur of his mater menit anon, 
All the trnthe of the tale, tomly to end. 
Achilles was choise fiiyne, cherit hym the bettur, 

9304 And now hatnis his hert all in hote loue : 
Myche myndit the matei, in the mene tyme. 
And to biyng hit aboute beett hym sore. 
Hit heuet his heri; of hie hegh proffer, 

9305 pat passit his pouer, to Prtam the kyng ; 
ffor hit longia to a louer soche a light vice. 
In the hete of his bert, for his hegh lust, 
To proffer soche pnse thing, fat passis his 

9312 And festyn in forward, fat hym for-thinkai after. 



Yet hopit he full hertely, for hia hogh proves, Bd 

And doghteues of dede wiiJi his diegh strokes, Ot bu 

If he gr^;ht with Hie grekei to giaimt horn hia on^ 

helpe, "*'" 

9316 ))at )>ai the bud shuld leue & lightly go home. 
jXn Achilles did cherisshe the cheftan of alL 

Palomydon, the priee, by purpos of hym, ai hu 

All the grete of the greku gediit hym eomyn, i«wi 

9320 To a counsell to come for the comyn proffet. 

Whea prmsee & prise kyuge* were in pale 

Amoiig tho mighty witJi mouthe menit aeIiui 

" Now, fryndea foithfull, in feliahip here ! 
KyngM, & knight««, & other kyde Dukes, n 

That the chaige, & the cbaunee base of pia „ 

choisa wer, ' 

Thnrgh ouie might & ouie monhod maintene to 

What whylenee, oi wanspede, wryzles our 

jMt for meuyng of a man, — Menelay the kyng, — 
And the wille of a woman, as ye weton all, » 

Ouie londs« baue leayt, & ouie lefe godys, k 

Our childHr, ouie choise folka, & chefen fro 

Vnto a cnntre vnkynd, with care at ouie herttes : 

Ooie godys, ouie gold vngaynly diapesdi^ 

And onie persons be put vnto pale detbe. n 

Onre kynges aie kyld, & oure kyd Duket : d 

Oure buemee wttA baret britnet in feld, 

)>at might bane leuet in hor lond, es lorde* at 

And my selfe, sothely, enffert full hard, 
Wkkedly woundit, wasted my blode. 

) by Google 


9340 At tlie dnthe of the derfe iirince, sothe a dynt 
I wend neuer, witturly, wallied on fote. 
Hit grenjB me full gretly, & to grouud bryug«, 
Whethur Elan be so boQ«rable, or t>f so begb 

934+ ffor hir, cure Duke* to dethe, & ourc derfe 
In yche lond, lelly, ))st lithe mder heuen, 
I Are weraen to wale, of woiship full mony, 

)}at Menelay may mightily mell hym to faaue, 
9346 And chose bym a choiao, witAoaten chai^ beuy ; 
And not so mony be mard, ne on mold dod, 
V^e all grece for to greve, witA no ground harme. 
' Hit is not light for va lite, Jiis lond to dystroy, 

9352 J}at haue a Cit« full aure, & Suifietue mony, 

Bothe of kyngM, & knigbte*, & kid men of 

And we, the worthiest in wer, bane waatid in 

Kyld of oure kynge«, and other kyd Duke*. 
9356 Thift suffises, me semys, to sea wttA oure worship ; 
Kayre to oure cnntie, & conel no more ! 
)>of Elan leae in \w load, & not laght worthe, 
Hit greues not full gretly, ne no ground harme, 
Syn we Exiona, the aueter of the sure kynge^ 
At hom hold}-n for hir, ]iat is a bode lady, 
And more honerable ^an Elan, of anncetre 

When the wegh hade thies wordis warpit to 
9364 Here be seset full sone, said be no more. 
)}an Toax, the tore kyng, talkya agayne, 
WiCA Menelay & mo, mighty of astate, 
Gright WttA the gret & agayne atode : 

) by Google 


9368 All tha most of Jw mighty, viVt a mayn wills, Baa inn, 
DysBoisent to tlie dede, demyt hit for noght. 
Acliillea at tho choiae men cheoert for anger, aadih, h ■ 
Yne vrothe at faoT vorde^ & ir^litly he send Kjmuan to 

9372 To all the Mermydonsj hia men, and hia maya itwonAi. 
That no Ectske to the feld fare ahuld to batell i 
Xe to go with fe grekes, to gieue bom witA-in. 
)}en hit aantred in the oet of the od grekw, 

9376 t)at horn &iled the fode, and defaiit« hade : Puii»tiiiiH 

Hongni full hote harmyt horn Jkd, 
And fayntid the folk, ^et Jie strenkith. 
Palomydon a perlement pumait anon, 

9380 And the grete of the grekes gedrit he Bomyn. 
))aD ordant the! all men Agamynon the kyng, 
WitJi mony ahippeB fall ahene ehapon Jierfore, 
To fecche hom som fode, & filayn hot atrenght 

9381 Agamynon, full goodly, by grement of all, Aguwrniion 
Meuyt Tnto Missam vi'tA mayn Bhippes fele, naaii, it« k 
& TOfe Jwre full radly, raiket to the kyng. ^Si?"'*" 
And Thelaphon hym toke with a triet cheie ; 

9388 ffyldeallhifi ^e ehippea, & his fraghtmade; (foLiua- 
StnfBt hym with store, )iat hom strenght might. 
Toke lene at ^e lord, and the land past ; 
Sidlet hom sonndly to the aare tenttes ; 

9392 Was welcom I-vjs to the weghes all. 
Ihyua were |k) freik«* of pe fre kyng ! 
Palomydon, the pme kyng, prestly gart oidan Pnunud* op 
All the shippes fall shone ahapyn to rode ; npdnd, md 

939C And all the navy full noble, naitly aray, ^^'° ""^ 

Atyrit wi'tA takell, & trussyng of Hopes, 
To be Eedy for the Eode, yf ^i Eed toke. 
And BO ))ai lyne ^ere in legh : oaie loid gyf us rt^'-t^. 
love ! (WBitr.) 

) by Google 

^m 93egsnnj< f^t aiij Bode ; at Hi< lij ant 
ilij Battll. 

9400 Ihe tyme of the tru tumyd to end, 

Ynto batell )iai busket vppoQ bothe halnja : 
ffuersse was the folke, ^at to feld came, 
And vritA a stoure, ^at was stronge, etiyken to- 
940i Deffibus derfly drof to a greke, 

pat Cresseae waa cald, kyug of Agresta ; 

He gird hym thuigh the gutte* wiUt a grym 

})at he light on the lend, & the lyne past. 
9408 Myche sorov was ^ere aene for fe sure kyn^ 
Sore grenyt the grekes for grefe of hym on I 
All fond to J« fight, febill of hertis. 
The bold men on bake were bome witA the 
9412 And mony kant man kyld wt'tft caupyng of 
Then Dyomedo, the derfe kyng, drogh into batell, 
Falomydon full pmdly, wt'tA prise men of armys, 
Wiih aontrus Aiax, abill of dedis. 
And zx" M. ))ro men Jiiang in witA thes. 
The stouie was foil stithe, fo staeme men b^ 

Mony dyet in ye dale, dole to he-bold t 

., ....Google 


Hit anntiid, ^at Aiaz bo angaidlj met - 
9420 Od Foraon, a fjn knight, wi'tA a fell dynt,— 

A pn'ae Boa of Pnain, witft a pronde wille,— 

He wonndit liym wickedly in his wale iaoa, 

And vnablit after with angw to fight. 
942i Whea CeffibuB with dole of ]« dede ec^h, 

fioT bale of his brother breat oat to vepe. 

He walte Into wodenee for his van angur. 

And tachit Tppon Thelamon with a tore apeire, 
912S . Hurlit hTin to hard yertb, hurt bym full soie I 


Palomydon parsaynit & pj^et hym to veuge, 

He droffe vnto Seffibtis with a dynt felle, 

Shott fuigh the sheld & Jie Bhene mayle, 
9432 Bare bym )iuigh the brost vttft a bright end, titi^Mnt b 

Pat ^e Bod alto Bofe right to his bond : 

A tninchen of the tre & the triet hed 

Abode in his body, & in his brest Btake. 
9436 pan PariB peraaynet the pyn of his brother, 

J}at was stad in the atonrs & the strong fight, 

Myche water he weppit, wailyng of aorow. 

WttA pyne out of pme, & pit£ in Iiert, pvu dngi him 

9440 Defi'ebns ha dn^ fnrth, & dneait to light : wd ii^i lo 

By a eyde of tbe Cit^ set hym to ground. 

Laid hym on the laund witA a laith chere. 

With myohe wepji^ & woo for want of hym one. 
9444 As Defiebus, wtt& dole of hU dope wound, 

Hlos lay on the lannd, he lift vp his ^i, 

Blnsehet on his broder, & bailualy said : — 

"A! dere brother, eildegh, ordionpe in-tohelle, iMpiiabu 
9448 And er Jiia tmnchyn, me tenys, be tukon of my (w. im «.) 
breat, «™«.u.d-u.. 

Go, bnske vnto batell my bone foi to venge. 

And oppn»se the witA payn, & present hym 

) by Google 


Jjat he 60 slegUy be Blayn with eleght of yi hood, 
9452 pat I may wete how hit worthes, or I w<md 
hethyn I " 

Paiys, for pytie of hia pale worde*, 
I Sweyt into Bwym, as he awelt wold, 

And all hia wedie were wete of his wan teres. 
945C There left he fe lede and launchot to fild, 

DeeeyruB to degh, for dole ^at he hade. 

He shot ^urgh the sheltruma )« shalkefor to mete, 

Palomydon to pfese, and put Tuto dethe : 
9460 J}en foond he the freike in a fell stoure. 

Soppidon, the sure kyng, assaylet full hard. 

And the &eke hj-m defendit witA a freike wille. 

To Palomydon he preset witft a prise weppyn, 
9464 The bold for to britton, & on bent leust 


Palomydon the pn'se, with a proude swotdo, 
On kyng Seppidon for-sothe set aoche a dynt ; 
He gird hym so grymly on his giet thegbe, 

9468 )}at he karve hit of cleane, & the kyi^ deghit, 
And fey of his folo feile to pe ground, 
Parya segh, in his Borow, how the sir wroght; 
))e freike in his felnea thefucrse kyng hado slayne^ 

9473 And mony Troietis w*tA teue tymit to detho ; 
What for dynttf* of (lat duke, & of derfe other, 
J>ai were boun to gyflfe bake, & the bent-leue. 


PniTB bend vp hia bow w/tfi hia big anne, 
9476 Waited the wegh in his wit ouer. 

In what plnse of his person to perse of hie wede ; 

And to deire bym witft dethe he duly denyset^ 

Witit a narow full noble of a nait ahap, 
9480 )}at put was in poison ou^ the pale hede. 

He wonndit fat worthy in hia wide ^rott^ 

, Google 


Qiid ^nrgh the gret vayne, grussfaet tlie Decke, Book xiiii. 

))at he hnrlyt doun hedlongu, hanuyt no moo, mna^itiiji 
(H84 And deghit of f e dynt, deirit neuer aftei. °^ 

)}en the crie was full kene, crusshTUg of wepyn 1 

Myche grem hade the grtskcs for gref of h jm one ! 

When ^ lost hade the lede, ^t hom lede shuld, 
9488 All Bstonyt ^m stoile etarond ahoate, ThiSrHiiabrMk, 

]pen fled all in fere, and the fild leuit, khu. 

Bovet to ^era baetels with bale at ^ere Iierttes. 

The frigies felly folowet hom after, tiw tt^w 

9*92 ffele of hom fuenly felle hom to ground ; '"^ 

Dang hom to dethe wttA dynttes of swerd, 

And moche wo on hom wroght, wastid hor blode. 

At the tentie ^ tuiTiyt wt'tA Troiens to fight ; * tnmk u Uh 
9496 Wit/i-atode hom full stithly in a etoure hogo ; 

ff^ten vttA hom felly, & fele were Jwra elayno. 

The TroieuB lighten doun lyuely, lefton thair 

Giidyn to ]» greke* wttA a giym fare ; 
9500 Gieuit hom full gretly wtlA mony grym wound ; 

Alto t«r of hor tonttoa, tokyn ^«re godea, whM *n nn 

Sylner and Sanigold sadly >ai grippet, 

Bassons full biode, & other bright vessell ; 
9004 Pesis of plstet plentius mekyll, 

Other iowels full ioly, & meknll inst armur. 

Paris the prise knight, & the pert Troiliu ri^ui Tmnm 

Bowet to )ie bonke ^ere ^b barges lay, onek ihii*. 

9508 "WitJl xxx** M. firomcn Jrynond in armys. 

The shippes on a shene fyre shot )iai belyne. 

That Uie low vp lightly launchit abonto ; (loi. rn«,i 

And all chrickenede with the ecriue fruigh tha 
stym ost, 
05 1 2 ffor the smortber, & tbe smoke of pe smert li^hys, 

)}at waivet in the welkyn, wappond full hote, 

All the Citie might ae the sercle abontfl, 

))an Aiax tbe aunterus came angtirdly ttst, — jtjH,>iibB 

, Google 


9516 The tore eon of TLelamon,— witA tn'ed mon & 

noble : 

He bumyi to the tioietiB, tenit foil mony, 

In deffenoe of >e foike, ^ot the feld leayt. 

ffell was the fight vttA foynyng of speiioa, 

0920 Mailing yargh meUll maynly vttA hondf^ 

Kyllyng of knightw, knocking ^aigh faelmys, 
Ded men full daulf dioppit to ground 1 
On yche halae, in ^t bete, borlit to fote, 
' 9524 Mony bold waa fere britnet vpon bothe haluyK 
There all the Navy witA noy, & the naile 

WttA fBamye of fyre hade folly ben brent, 
Ne hade aontems Aiax angardly don, 

9528 And wttA haidynea of bond bolpyn bis feres, 
I (In) witbstondyng the stonre wt'tA his strenght on. 

ffyvo hundiith folly of fere fyne shippea, 
Consumet full cleaiie, clothes & other, 

9532 And mony mo were fen marred, & mated vAk 
The Troiens fat tyme tonet hom io enyll, 
Dong hom to dethe, & derit bom mebyll, ^ 
l>at no sith might }ni saffer the sorov, fat thai 

953G But twrnyt vnto tenttea, tenit full enill. 

One Ebes, an od man & honorable of kyn, 
b Of Tracy Jib tru kyng was his tWet feder. 

He was brocbit Jiurgh the body witA a big speire, 

9540 l)at a trunchyn of fe tre tut out behynd. 
To Achilles atine tent angardly ran, 
That lay in his logo all with lone boundon. 
And fore to no fight for laiie Folexena. 

9544 He cbalinget Achilles wt'tA a chere fell, 
Keproned hym prudly of his prond wille, 
)}nt Inrket in bis logo, list not to belpe, 
And segh bis folke so fallyn, & in fight end, 



9348 )Mt with his monhede bo mykeU, & witA his Juxt-taa. 
mayn stren^t, 
Uight; Boaoour bis SondiooiB, & acuie horn al/ue. 
))en the tnmchjn of the tre ^ai tnggit hym &o, 
Bnid it oat bigly, uid the boeme deghet 

9552 8one after, sothly, a seruood of Achilles iLvnatntiinit 

Come bremly fro batell, bndd to hia tent : ,aa um "-^nv 

He fi^ynit at the freike how (red fore Jjere, ft^rtT^ ** 

And apird at hym specially of {taira spede fer. ^""^ 

9556 " Syr," quod |« aeniond, " in sertan, full enyll, 
Ouie grekM vnto gronod are giid wonder Jiickc^ 
And myche dole is va dight to day, as I ventv . 
(te multytude ys bo mycha of the mayn tioions, 

9560 ^nd so fuerely in fight fellis oure knighte*, 
Alto awapptm tb wi'tA swerdes & yrith nwym 

In the Citie, foisothe, no sondiour is lenit, 
Ne no freka of defeoBe, but in feld all 

9561 To oppreese horn witft payn, our pepuU to sl& 

And yf bit liked you, lord, at bis lell tyme, if n* wm to 

To bowne you to batell on your best wise ; n; «^b gnu 

Syn Jrai fainted are wttft fight & feble of strengbt, '™™ ""* *"■ 

9568 And wery of Jisre werke, ye worship might faaue, 
Wyth a loBS euerhistoDd, when your lyff endis : 
ffor hy Boncour of your selfe, & your sad helpe, ■ 
We Blight holly the henehond haue now for ay." 

9572 The worthy at his wordea wonyt no chere, 

JSe noght hopet in hert of his h^h apeche, KoHof uw* 

Se ^ sight of Sebes, fat sadly was dede; AiMiiH;iwb>» 

But faynat all fkntasy, as he no fireike b^^, ion. 

9676 And as alede fat wttA lone was lappit full hard. 
As |m maner is of men, Jwrt mellyii wi'tA loue. 
To be biyndit witA the byt, Jtof hom bale happyn : ™. i« •O 
Nowther waite vnto worship, ne to wild annt^r, 

9S80 But laityn ay wM lykyng pere luff for t« please. 
The batell was big, brytnet were fele ; 



Bwfc XKiir. Mony gr«bea vnto ground gird vnto detlie ; 

Mony etitbe in the atouie atarf vnder fote, 
9S8i Till ths blode & the brayne blend wiU the 

Then negbit the night, noy was the more ! 

AtsDHt, Pub At the aettyng of Jra son sesit the fight. 

Into th* (iQ. Paiia, the prise knight, •viiJi his pepull all 

9988 Soght to the Citie softly & faire. 

Er Doffibus was dede, his dere biedor two, 

Tioilus the tra knight, & the triet Pari^ 

fibre euyn to ya ireke febill of chore ; 

TtepMafPuta Sfi92 Witft mykell sobbyng and Borow set hym before, 
udTnlhuior " v 

jj&t leaer weie to be lynoles, then to lyne after, 

fEbr dole, & for donte of hor dere brother. 

Then DeSbns danly diogh Tp his Ene, 

9590 Pletid Tnto Paris wttA a pore Toise, 

Whether the Duke were od dede, fat hym 

deiret bo. 

))an he fraynet at the freike, as he hym Iluth agbt, 

I And he, the tale how hit tid, told hym full enyn, 

9600 Of the dethe and the dynt ))at the Doke )>olit, 

WttA Uie bir of his bow and a big orow. 

Jjen bade be to a bneme, fat hym by stode, 

The tnmchen of the tre tng fio his brest ; 

DripiHiiwiSM. 9604 And he deghit witA dole when he done had«^ 

Yne past in the p'ace vnto pale dethe. 

Klycbe mournyng was made for Jat mayn 


WttA hia ffader vnfaire, & his ire moder, 

9608 His brother vnblithe, & his bright sueter ; 

ariarofiiia WitA Bobbyng finrgh the Citie, & sorow fiill 

iwi*oIhu ud hoge. 

And for Seppidon, the enre kyng, Syling of teres, 

Myche weping & waile, wringyng of bond, 

9612 Bothe of buemes of the htugh, & his bold 


) by Google 


Fnam a pnse towmbe presUj gort make. 
And the bodjres of )o bold buried )in-m, 
WttA Boleuit^ & Sacrifice suche as ^ veit : 
9G18 CooCT-t horn clanly, closet bom to-gedur. 

made, i 

Wt'tA dynnyng & dole foi dethe of hor lord. 
))si brogbt hym to berynee, ]>o boemea onon, 

6620 And closit hym clanly in a clere towmbe. 
Jjon to-gedur thai gone, the gret by aasentf 
To cbeee horn a cbeftain by charge of bom all, 
By aaaent of hom-selfe a souwain to make, 

9634 Syn Palomydon fe prise put was to detbe. 

By agrement of ^o grete, & the good Neator, / 
^ai grauntid Agamynon the gre for to haue, a 

Ches hym for cbeftain, Sc cbargit bym |»erwith. 

) by Google 

niifj Sott : oC Hie liitj anti li SatcH of He 


0826 J,lie Secnnd day auyngi Bais me the lyne, 

J^ Troieos fiill tynJi tokyn fe feld ; 

All boun vnto batell on hor best wyse, 

And Jie gtekia home agayu gyrdyn witA yre. 
9632 Brem waa }b bstoU vpon both haluya I 

Mony gyrd to ^e ground and to grym deth ; 

Mony atoute )»« waa storuen vnder stel wedis ; 

And mony britnet on bent, & blody by-ronuen I 
9G3G That day was full detko, dymmyt witA cloudea, 

'Wt'tA. a Sopand Kayne rat fro the skewes ; 

A myste & a m^kenea in mountaiiiH aboute, 

All donkyt the dalee wttA the dym Bhowiis. 
-9640 Tot the ledis on the land left not }&ion, 

But thrappit full throly, thryngyng thnigh 

Till the bloberond blode blend w»tA the rayn. 

And the ground, )>at was gray, grat vnto red. 
9G44 Mony kaightea were kyld of ^ kene grekes ; 

Mo were fere mart of fe mayn tioiens. 

Then Tioiell, full tit«, turnyt vnto batell 

WttA a company cleaue of cant men of armya. 
9648 The fi»ike wae bo fneiae, & fell of his dyntt«<, 

There waa no bueme on the bent hia birre to 

DD.:ea by Google 


Bat fled horn in fere, ferd of lior dethe, Back xv\ 

Tomit to fen tentles, tenyt full eayll, 

96K2 Hiuigfa the nig, & tlie rayii, ^t laiked abooe, 
All very for wete^ & for wan stioIcM ; 
And ay the troiona witA tene tTinyii hora donn, ihaTnjuv 
ftellj wi'tA &nchons folowBt horn after, ibam dim : 

EI65C Dang horn to dethe in the dym water, comptu tbim 

Pareewit hom wttA pyne Tnto jwre pore tentto^ tou^^"*" 
There leuit th&y laike, and the laund put : 
fibr the wedur bo vete, and Uie wan ahowres, 

9660 8oght vnto the Citie soberly & faire, 
And entrid full eaeely, euyu as hom liked. 

Xhe nest day full naiUy, tiie nobis man of xut d^ ihg 

fibre enyn to >e fight, <& the fild lob^ ; 

9661 And the grekw hom agayne, wi'tA « grym fiire 
Launchit furtJi to }ie laond, I^Km to-gedur. 
Speiiea vnto Bprottea spiongyn ooer heddf« ; 
Sfaeldis thurgh shot wttA the sha^ end ; 

9668 Swyngyng out ewerde^ swappyn on faelmys, 

Beiton )iiugh basaett«s ■wHA the biem egge. 

Mony deif ^ere was ded and to dole broght I 

Troiell, in )iat lyme, temyt to batell ' Tniu» nukn 

9672 "WM a folke, )Mt waa falle, fightyng men all SlI^'™*" 

He gird doun the grekes witA bo grym fare, 

))at no baeme vpon bent hie buffette> might 

Mony knyghtes he kyld, oomyna by-dene : 
9676 Ban>nB of the beet, and of the bold Tries, iM. m .> 

Deghlt )pat day wt'tft dynt of his veppyn. 

Thus macchit ^oee men till the merke night ; 

The store was full stith, jfea stynt ^i for late, 
9680 And aither f^de, after sun, aoght to pen holde. 

Then vij dayes enyn >ai semblit in ^e felde, n» latua ng. 

Witi strong batell & brem till the bare night, "™' 

, Google 


And yclie day waa Jiere dede mony deifa 
9681 )]en hit greuit the grekes of the gret murthe, 
Of the bodies on beut brethit full enyll ; 
The coTsee, as car; n, corit horn with etynke, 
ffor the mnrthe was so mykull in ])e mease 

9688 P&a. to Fmm, the prise kyng, preetly the sent 
ffor a tni to be taken of a tyme ahort, 
Two monydies, & no more, ^aiie men for to 

And to frete horn vttA tyro, )iat were fey 
9692 Hit was gniuntid agayn by grement vttA-in, 
And affiimyt wi'tA faith the beket betwene, 

WttAin the tyme of the trn, as )>e trety says, 
AguMmnoa Agsmynon the gret full gredly did send 

uifa«,ud 9696 Neater, the noble duke, another — ^Vlyxes — 
Atuii^ And Dyomede, the derfe Kyng, to doghty 

Frayond hom foM priffitly by }k] prise kyoge^ 
fTpr to bnske hym to bateU, & }o buemes helps 

9700 In offence of hor fos, and hor fuerse socour, 
Thnrgh m^ht of his monhode & Ms mayn 

When ^ai comyn to ))e kyng, ^o kyde men in tan, 
He velcomyt ^ worthy witA a wille fure, 

9701 And solaat hom somj-n S]-ttyng wi'tA hym. 
The first of ^o fre, fiat to Jie freike said, 

Was Vlyses, the lord, wttA his lythe wordoa :— 
rnv npTon iihn " X e waa hit not your wille, & your weghes all, 

TO lb* nr, uid 9708 Wttft other kyngew in company, & kyde men of 
turn It. Worship, 

fba our pronyns to passe, and oar jnise Iond«^ 
With a pouer full preste on Fn'am to Tenge; 

, Google 


Hifl Iwdy to britton, & his buigh take ; Book ixir. 

9712 All his stid to dietroy, and his etith holdiel 

"What will is jwre waknet in jour wild hert, (w.i»«o 

Oi what pnttef you in plite pia purpos to lene. 
To enclyne tji |>e contrary, & no caoee hane, 

0716 Synhithappia tb euche haimes to haue now, Thajni*uuu 

"la« ■ buy. taillm'thi 

OuM kyngea bcin kylde, and our kyd dukes ; '^"*'! 
Onre hachelora on bent brittynet full tbicko ; 
Oaie ienttcs to-toine, takyn oars godea ; 

9720 Oure barges brent mto bore askes, 

And other harmea full hoge bent in a whylet 
Hit was hopit full hertely of oure hech pepull, uid how mich 
ThuTgh prowes of your peraon, & your pnse ioiri9b7U>>iiL 

9721 JxA va hap shuld tho horhond bane of our fos, 
Syn ye honerahlo Ector auntrid to slo, 

That all the Troiens trust truly was in. 
' And now DeSihus ia dede, deires no more, 
9728 )}at furse was in fight, and oure folk sloght ; 

So (happeth) (lairo hope is in hard deth, (ms.iuh 

And febill in hor fight, faynt In bor hertia. 
83^ ^e aloait ar, of longtym, lusti in amiys, Bi«a ba hM von 

9732 And oure folke has defendit wi'tA Jowt- fyn thejur»ehimi» 
strenkith, m rag» hiwr 

Witft fe blode of jottr brest thutgb Jie bright ■■^'*"•"""'■ 

And oft leskewet onre renka^ or pai ruth ^lit ; 
If hit like yon now, lell et>, lyft vp your hertte, 
9736 Kayntene youie manhode & your men helpe. 
Saris into ^bt your folke to releue, 
))at witA-ontyn helpe of your bond happis the 

Tberfore bent vp your hert & your high wille, 
9740 Meue yon yritJt monhode to mat of your foa ; 
To wyn vs oure worship, & onr wille baue : 

, Google 


Boot i^iY. And fat hope we full hertely tho^h helpe of 

your one." 


To ^t honerable onestl; answoret Achilles, 
uum uuam 9744 W(W wordis foil wiae in his wit noUe : — 
]7 lor ibom lo " If v8 ftuntrid, Vlyses, tbuTgh angard of pn'de, 

™u*cnad" To fis kith for to come, & onre kyn leue, 

Hit wae folly, by my faith, & a fowle dede. 
9748 Masit were our myndes & oui mad hedis, 
(M. iM b.) And ve In dotage full depe drenyn, by faith, 

ffor the ville of a woman, & no whe ellis, 
All our londes to leue, & to laite hedor, 
9752 OuTO kynges be kild, & oure kide dakea, 
All onie londes to lose, and ouro lyf als, 
In B cnntre vnkynd to be cold ded. 
It would hiin Hade not Palomydon, the prue kyng, provet tho 

Ouneda bettur, 

m lud, ihu M 8756 To haue lengit in his lond, & his lyf hade, 
u hm to to ^^ iitm& deghit in his Duch4, as a duke noble. 

Then be britiiet on bent with a bueme stiang : 
And fele other &e kynge« frosshet to dethe, 

9760 J)at might haue leuyt as lorde* in |wre lond yet 1 
Syn the worthiest of |>e woile, to wale hom by- 

Aie asseniblit to fia aege in a sad ost, 

If hit happyn hom here ^ith bond to be slayn, 

9761 And Jiaire londis to lose lightly for ay, 

All ^ world shall haue wondur of hor wit febill j 
And Carles }>aiio cuntie caoht as ^aire aune. 
To weld all fe worcbip fo worthy men aght. 

«Mrhini»ir 9768 Was not honorable Ector, oddist of knightes, 
In this batell on bent britnet to deth ; 
And lightly his lif lost in a stoimd : 
ffor all his fuiflnes, in faith, had a febill end t 

iibouiuu* 9772 tie sam to my-self, eothli, may happyn, 

, Google 


))at am febiller be fei fen fe fre priaee, bq-axiiy. 

.Bo&ofin7ght,&ofiuak;^g,&ofiiia7ii8tieiikith. mifbabn 
)}i8 tmnell is tjnt, I tel you before, mm iMia. 

9776 Me to preve witA your praier preetly to feld, y^„. ,), 
Or any troien to tene, tiiat )e non other. 
Hit ia playnly my purpos neuer in plaae efle, > ■^^ "iht no 
ffoT to bonn me to batell ^ buemes schal fight, 

9780 Ne )ier as doute b of detlt, Sco fis day efte. 

Me ia leuar for to lyue witA losse ))at I haue, «.*» -^n i h* 
J}en ani person be put vnto pale deth. mj Hf." 

Hit ia wit aoche wildnea wayne out of mynd, 

9764 And pas ouer a purpoe enparis at }« end." 

J>en Diamed, |ie derf kjng, and the Duke iMmna-, 

Tretid hym tiietly, all vrith tru vordis, ntsn; tntin 

ffoT b) tume hia eutont & hia tyme kepe ; 
97S8 But all |Mure wordis f^ vast, & )raiie wynd alse. 

Nogbt atiid hym ^ stith in hia stalle hert, ((•*• im •-) 

So the prayer of the pnnse, ]>at the prtse hade, 

Agamyuon the giet, ^t the gomes sen^ 
9792 IToglii meuyt hia myud for no myld speche, 

He put of hia purpos Sot prayer ne other. 

})ah l^ht ^i hor lene, fo lordes, in fere, 

Ayryii to the Emperonie angaidly fast, 
9796 All >aitoldyn hym (tite), as ^tideeuyn, (ua.hB-fob-) 

Of Jiaire aasware, in ordor, tiiose od men to-godui. 

Agamynon full gtaidly gedrit all somyn, Agmamaaaa 

DvikM, and derfe Erles, doughty of hond, imndidruH 

9800 Caght horn in councell, and the canae told, iham at uh 

The Buthirart answares of Achillea the byng, I^uumi wa 

And the prayer of the prioBem, fat prestly were "toiiirii.dTin 

By assent of hym-aelfe, f e soueraine vnto j 
9604 And how he counceld the kyng« to kayre into 


:ecb, Google 


Wi'tA the Troiens to trete, & t«ne horn no more ; 
AH hor lond for to leue, & hot lyne sano, 
"Lakys bot, ledya, what jon lefe think, 
9808 And what je deme to be done at this do tyme." 

When the souerain hade said, sone opponon, 
ITenelay meuyt vp, & wi'tA luonthe aaide : — 
" fforto ti«te witA the troiens js no tyme now, 

9612 Sa no woTship, I-wia, but a wit feble. 

8yn Ector ded is of dynt, & Deffibus the knight, 
And other kynges ben kyld, (tat cleane were of 

The Troiens full truly trnsten no bettur, 

9816 But deraly to degh : ^ai dcmyn non other. 
I am sekir, f or-sothe, and sadly beleuo, 
WttAouten helpe of pat hathell ts hastis an end." 
Then 2feetor fe noble duke, another — ^Vlixea, 

9820 Saidon to the eouerayn sadly agayn : — 

" )K>f Jiow wylne to fe wer, wonders vs noght) 
8yn pi hert ia holly the hannys to venge ; 
Thy wyf for to wyn, ])at]ioa well lones, 

9824 And to grefe hom agayne, yf ^on grace hada : 
Bnl yet tmst not pat Troy will titly be wonyn, 
)X>f derfe Ector be ded, and Deflibus alse. 
There is another als noble & nait of his atrenght, 

9828 & als wondurly werkes in wer vppon dayes ; 

That is Troilns the trtet, pat tcnee vs full cuyll, 
And faeraly in fight fellis our pepulL 
)>of Ector were eflsones ordant alyoe, 

9832 He kyllea our knighted, kernes bom in Bonder: 
And Paris, a prise man, pert of his dedis ; 
Was neuer Deffibns so doughty & derfe of his 

Therefore, sirs, vs semyth eothely the host, 

9836 WttA the Troiens to trete & turns to our londeit, 
"With the hanne, pat we haue, of our hede kyngs^ 


WAR. 321 

III sauyng of our-eelfe & oar bui« knightcA** Book xxiv. 

Then Galcaa the cureet, ]>at vaa tbe kyde traytaar, 
9840 The Bjsahop of the boigh, fat I a1>oae eaid, 

Negh wode of hia wit, wait into aorow, 

firast ont wttA a bin & a bale noise. tih tniior 

" AA ! aoble mea of nome, nayet of your werke*, ttma ihu uw 
9844 WorthieBt in worde, wanttis no hertte ! SI^^^im'uiu 

What ! thinke ye so froly this Jirepe for to leue ; *'*'^- 

Your goddie to greue, Jiat gtannttes you an end 1 

Leuys hit full lelly, the laike is your avne, 
9848 And the prue of the play plainly to ende, 

Thurgh the gtaunt of your goddes, & no gcem ^ole. 

What ! ihinke ye ao ^roly ])is ^pe for to lene ! 

Heyue Tp your herttes, henttes yowr armya ; Hi orpi iham u, 

9852 Wackyns rp your willes, as worthy men ehuld; ua«MMMi 

Bes fuerse on your foe to the Sei end, ugtana. 

And lette no dolnes you drepe, ne your dede lat ; 

fiares with no faintyng till your fors lacke I 
9856 TristiH me full traly, yon tydes the bettur, 

Yonder won for to wyn, and yozw wille hane ; 

And )ierfoTe giene not your godde* for giem )H(t 
may folow." 

At the wordss, I-wis, of this irickyde traytor, 
9860 AU the greke* wUh grem gedi«t fen herttes, 

Noght charget Achilles, ne hia choise helpe, 

But were frekir to )re fight ^n at the first tyme ; 

And J)UB in Kigour fot Senkeg Beatyn tyll efte. 

) by Google 

(folium xxb Bolte: off tbe i£extene Sc pt x&ij BateU. 

9864 W^lK^nthe Monethisweicmetiytof themenebn, 
The Giekes wi'tA a grym faxe gedrit to felde 
i, !U[oDy bold vppoii bent in bor bright wedys, 

All ffneise to the fight, felle men of hondM. 
9868 pan aoght fro the Git4, vtVt a sum hoge, 
Troiell the tn'et knight, & ^ toiU entrid. 
The etouN was full atith, storf inony Icnightaf ; 
Dodraen with dynttes dropptt full thicke, 
toiiihifc 9372 And mony iede on the Uund out of lyfe past 

ffor tene of his tni brother, Troiell the knight, 
Dressit bym the dethe of Deffibus to venge. 
Mony grekflu vnto groand he gird out of lyue, 
9876 And fele -wiVt his fauchon ^t fyn knight Blogh. 
As Daree of his dedis duly me telloB, 
A thowsaund thro knigbte« ^rong he to dethe 
Put day -with his dynttes, of the derffe greke& 
TiH(ir«k*>n 9880 All tfrickly his foB fled at the last ; 
udrMnU. Jlai tumyt to pen tentte« witA tune at )iai bade: 

The ifrigies bom folowet, fell hom wi't/t swoides. 
wiu Mda tb* J^an the day onerdrogb to ^e derke nigbt, 

9884 The Troicns tumyt to tonn, & the toile leuyt 

W^heu the aun vHA his soft beuuea set vp 

) by Google 


The gKk^e out gird pen gram for to T^tge, Book zxr. 

And the Trolens full tyte, on tlie tother balue : 
9S$8 ffuU mekill was the murtlie, & meraell to here I 

TLe deif k^ng Sy omede, Jtat doghty was ay, maatim aoa 

Son vitJi his fos OB B faeiae lyoa : ^^ ud ml 

Mony britnet the baeme of the bold troienn ; 
9892 Hony lede out of lyue wi'tA hia launse broght 

Troiell )wt torfer titly beheld, 

Kayres euyn to the kyng, ^at he knew well, TnOMtiimea 

yfitk all the coree of hia caple & a kene speue. ' 
9896 He tachlt on the tulke wttA a tore dynt, 

And he keppit the caupe wiih a kant wille. 

On the brest of the buerne bnke he pa launse, Ahooiwaoa 

Bat he woondit not the wegb, ne nowise hurt. driiH um ta um 
9900 Dyomede wt'tA the dynt of the derfe Troielos, "^las.) 

Halfe-lyueles along on the lannd felle, 

WttA a wicked wound thmgh the waet euyn. 

J)an TroieU, the tore kyng, titly vmbiaid 
9904 Of Bresaid, the bright, wi'tA his breme wordss. 

The grekat witA greio, Ss wi'tA gret strengbt, tim omki nia 

Hurlit hym fro hoisfete, hade hym awsy, ud Xr? um to 

The abalke on his aheld ahoke to hia tent, 
9908 As for ded of pe dynt diesBit hym to ly. 

Menelay ^e mighty ^ia myschefe beheld, i f iI m . to 

The dethe of Diamede dresdt hym to Tenge. srDkBwta, 

He thoght Troiell to take, or tene wttA bis bond, 
9912 And rode to ^ Benke wttA a rolde &re. 

Troiell keppit the kyng wt'tfe a kant wille, 

Woundit hym wickedly, wait hym to ground ; tan» 4«ii»<i lo 

His hede vnder borsfete hit on the bent. 
9916 The men of ^t mighty ^aire moistur oan take. 

Braid hym on a brode sfaeld, bere to bis tent; 

As a lyueloe lede, left hym for ded. 

Agamynon the giem of )» greked beheld, AgmmDOiiwith 

99S0 Segb bis w^bis be woondit, & ^ wnise haue : uthinKWi 

He cald hym a company of knigbtev full noble, 

, Google 


B"*xxv. And fell to the frigies faersly anon, 

Qreuit hoiii full gretly, and to ground broght : 
kuii ud wmiidi 9924 Woundit horn wickedly -warppit hom doun. 

And myche honue vitii Mb hond bappit to do. 
IVoiell v/ith ieae tumyt -with the kyiig, 
bat ii Hnrdf Gitd hym to ground, & greuit him euill ; 

Troll*. 9928 Woundyt hym wickedly, but no woth in, 

)}at he light on the laund, ^f hym lothe were. 
Pta he hasted to hoise tbuigh helpe of his 

ffoie out of fight, and his folke hoole ; 
9932 ffoi the day ouer drogh, dymmet the skewis, 

And all the buemes of the bur^ busket to rest 
Than to Pmm, Je pnse kyng, piestly Jai sent 
(fiiL IN a-i ffor a tru to be taken wt'tA treatyng of mowthe : 

A true* iw lie 9936 Sex monethes, and no more, ^o mighty deseyret, 
gnuud by AH parties in pea for to put ouer : 

^'*™' Of f is Jie kyng and his councell caipit to-gedur. 

By assent of hia seniours, & sum of his knightef, 
9940 Hit was gianntid agayn, & grete me»t asurit ; 
And snm lacked the lede for }ie long grannt. 

In tyme of the tm, as tretis ^ boke, 

Doringtho ma. Breisaid the boid, vnbidyu of hii fader, 

to uw tsnt of 9944 ffiill duly to Dyamede dressit to wend, 
))at abode in hia bed of his bale wound : 
Oft tymes in the tra ho to his tent yodt^ 
To Gomford the kyng in his cold angnr. 
9948 Yet wlet ho full well, >e wound fat he hade^ 
Betid hym of Troiell, Jiat was hir tra luffi 
Oft ho waivet hir wit & hir wills chaunget, 
And menyt hir mynd, as maydons done yeb 
H»u« no bov* 9952 Eo trust nener witA Troiell, teime of hir lyne^ 
Tronm •>>• To mell wttA in manage, ne more of hir lust 

■Rcpt mmtom. Ho puipOBt hii plainly, wi'tA all hii pure herf^ 

\fHA Dyamede to dele, & do all his wille ; 

., Google 



9966 Ifener the grete for to grutche, ne the greko bwhit. 
Ail his lust & his lykyng, aa hyme lefe thi^ht ; 
So hatnet hir hort in hia hegh lone, 
And all jome/yng for-yeton of hii yore dedw. 

9960 Agamynon the gret, and the good heater, 

To the choiae Achillea [chefe] on ^sre way ; titB.'iiB"di«r. 
And he welcomyt Jio worthy on a wise faire, kS^^^I^" 
As glad of thoa gret aa his degre wold. aSSijI?» u 

9964 WitA full speciall apeche })ai apake to |)e kyng, 
ffor to force hym to fight, & his feris help ; 
But hie hert was so hardonet all in hote loue. 
He wold not mene to his mynd, ne ^e men here. 

9968 But for lewtie of longlTme, (lat Jie lede hade 
To Agamjnon the gret, growen of old. 
He hight hym full hertely to haue at hie wille 
The Minnydons, his men, fat were of mayn 

9973 t)an he Jiankit hym ficke in his fro hert, 

Toke leue at the lord, lengit no more, [ib 

Tumyt to his tent, talkit no ferr. 


When the dayae were don of the du pea, Tbi ti 

9976 Agamynon witA his greke« graithed to feld. omki 

All the Mirmydons men were mi^tyly arayed, xjm 

By chai^ of Achilles, fat was fere ohefTe lord, i^ 

He aaaingnet yche Sege sekutly to haue, 
9980 As dropis of dew droppyng of Kede, 

In hoi colours to ken all oun- care wise, 

Aa Bemyng wttA Ruthe by right of hor hede^ 

))at lappit was in luf, longit full sore ; 
9984 So fai lutton ftdre lord & fere leue toke, 

fibre euyn to fe fight, & the fild entrid 

Wi'tA soft paa all somyn in a sop hoU. 


down bv TrDUm. 


]}an ^ Troieus wi'tA tone tachit on ^ gnkM, 
And oppressid horn with pajn, pot horn to 

The Dute of Attena full derf, doghty of bond, 
fiEaght vrith horn fellj, & hoi foes noyet. 
Troiell the tru knight turnyt to ^e I>ake, 
9992 And haie hym oner backeward, he tult on fo 
Gird to fe grtkes, & myche grem wioght ; 
naVrntMn* Maid of ^ Miimyden wttA his mayn streu^t ; 

Wonudit horn wickedly, wait hom of horse ; 
9996 Myche hanayt the hede men wt'tA hie hond one. 
Thus ^ Uiket o }ra laund the long day ouer, 
Till the Bun in his serde set Tsdernethe : 
jngUaAfti Then parted the pepull, pradt to fere hold, 

10000 And loget the long night till the larke sang. 

Xhe Becund [day] euyng, eais me the lyne, 
Bothe the batela foil brem on [the] bent mei 
Kene was the crie, cniashyng of weppyn : 

10001 Blode flemyt o fer in flatt«> abonte I 

' Philmen the &e kyng, & fuene Polydamaa, 
•n-mit King Toax ^ toke & tomyt away. 

<(M. iM a.) But the Kinnydona wi'tA mayn met on hom aone, 

HHiiid ttf tin 1 0008 Refte hom the Benke with a roide fare ; 
UjmMait. g^j^^ jjy^ ^j hondee, hade hym at eae. 

And alto hurlit ^o hodmen, hannyt hom euyll 
pan come Tioiell ffull tyte wttA a tore weppyn, 
10012 Mony of ^ Miimydona maynet foT euer ; 

Hew hom doon heterly, hade hom to ground ; 

WitA mony hidious hurt hannyt hom mekill. 

TnUaikiaT- J}ai prBsit Tmbe the pnse knight prestly onon, 

njTmUoBM. 10016 And the horse of ^t hathell bewen to dethe; 

Wold haue fongit the freike witA hoi tyas 

And haue led the Icde the lystis vnto. 



Pan Faria tlie prtse ^ght preset in switlie, 

10020 WitA his noble biethiinaturell,nait men of weiT, i 
)}ai met on the Mirmydon^ macchit hom baid, i 
Pallit thuTgli the penana, put hom heside, 
Hurlit ))QTgh the hard maile, hagget the lere^ 

10024 And delloert the lede lawae of hor honde^ 

UoTsit h^iu in haet fxagh help of Ma biether. 
Pan wacknet fere wo & mony whe sotot I 
The Mirmydons, for malice of the mayn tioielaa, 

10038 ffoghten ao felly the tregiee among, 

On Swargodon ^ xlogh, a sure mon of aimys, 
A priaa son of Priam, & a pert knight, 
The noblest of }« naturell, ^at soiet hom bU. 

10032 Troiell weppit for woo vitA watur of his ene, ^ 
And brochit in bremelj his brother to venge ; t 
WiWt Faiys, the prise knight, & proud men of 

Uony watchond vound wtogbt at Jiot tyma, 

10036 The Mirmydons were mony & of mayn Btrenght^ 
Wise men in werr, wight of hor dedis, 
Gnithe of hor gooemaimce, giym in a feld, 
Of all fetifl enfonrmyt, fat to fight loi^t : 

10040 Thai segh the troiens ao tore & tentyroya moo ; 
Jjai hade no mi^t, ne no mayn, ]n men to witA- 

But assemblit on a sop sadly to-gedn^, 
And ay droghsn o diegh, as hom deirit lest. 

10044 On nowise in this world waii hom fsi might ; 
Bat Troylus wi'tA tene ay tttmyt hom doun, 
Snndrit the aoppia wi'tA his sad dy&ttM, 
Shot thnigh the aheltrons, & shent of hom mony, 

10048 Than Agamynon the giete & grym Menelans, j 
Telamon the tore kyng, & tiA6 Tlixes, u 

And Diomede the donghtie, pat daly was hole, 
All gird in ftiH grymly wttft a gret pepnll, 

10052 Bestorit the stith fight etnenily agayn. 



BwifctiY. Haid was the hurteljug tho herty betwena, 

And mouf bold vpon bent brittenet to dethe. 
Then Troiell wttA tene tumyt in smitt, 
10056 Gild to the giekes wttA a grate yre ; 

Woundit hom wickedly, wait horn to groond ; 
Opptedt horn wttA payn, & wi'tA pale strokM; 
ibnnfti th* ThuTgh the beipe of fiat hynd & hia bond one, 

TroUnitHju* 10060 The grokes fleddon in fere, & fe fild leuyt, 
Tumyt to yen tenttes, taried uo lengur, 
Wt'tft all the hast of fen horses, houet ^ai noght. 
Than Aiax the auntroa come angardly fitst, 
10064 }}At was Telanon tore son, & of Troy comyn. 
He gird in wttft the grekes, grenyt fuU mekilL 
n^naniiM Jjan the gnkee •with giym fere getyn the feld, 

ifallyn to ^ fight felly agayne, 
10068 As brenyt ia in boke, & mocbe bale wrogbt : 

fi\ill sharpe was the sboate, shent were ^eie 

Of kmght<» and comyna & other kyd lordec 
Ttoilns 80 toilos wttA his triet stren^t, 
10072 Marit of the Miimydona memell to wete, 

Bieke frn^ the bateb wttft his bronnd fell, 
(fid. 156 n.} And mony gret of f6 grekes vnto ground broght^ 

WttA the might of his monbode & his mayn 

A(tini«iiD 10076 So wonderfiilly ^ wegh wroght at fiat tyme, 
mgUtbjTroiia., ^^ greke* flowen in fere & the feld leuyt, 

And tumyt to fiere tenttes tenyt full euyll. 

There Troiell wttA his troiens myche tene wrogh^ 

10080 ffolowet on horn fueisly, frunt bom to ground, 
fiel bom wttA fewchons, foynet hom ^nrgb. 

vtuaptBTHCM A hundreth hede men he wttA bond toke, 


mmh. And sent to f» CU4 wttA sure men to kepe ; 

10081 paa. leult the laike for late of fe night, 
Aither p«rtie fuU prist preset to fen bold. 

) by Google 


Xhe minnjdona witA mouniTiig meuit to '°°*'^^' 
Achillea, SrihS^ 

With wonndia full wete & wofoDy dight : HMU^li^a!!* 

10088 Thai told hym full tite, ^e tene (wt J>ai (loletj, JJH'''**" 

And the murthe of Me mea fargh the Tnain 
Troiell : 

There were fellit in the feld, founden of hom, 

A hundreth -with hood hewen to dethe. 
10092 The chere of Achilles chaimget mth fat, 

Sat eoie of Ms knightes, Jiat were cold dede. 

The baeme to his bed boakit anon, 

Aa hit come hym by coarse of ^ kynd night, onnnM widi 
10096 And ky in hia loge, litill be deppit, S^f ~"' 

Put wandrit & woke for voo of hie buemes. 

Uony thoghtes full )no ^rappit in hJs hert. 

And gird hym in grefe his grem for to venge ; 
10100 fforhis men, }iat were mart, meuyt hym so, baiaiinto 

Pal be was iirike to the fight bis fos to anoye. o^Ttrimn*. 

But PoUexena the pert, witft hii pure loue, 

Enforce so ^at &e in his felle augnr, hi> lofi fcr 

10104 Abated the bremues in his bale yie, MKitahkuiv. 

And stoppet tbe strif of his attong hert ; 

ffor hit meuyt to his mynd in the mene tjine, 

If ho fore to )ie fild, and fe figbt entrid, 
I0I08 That the Loue of the Lady lost were for ay, (tu. iu t.) 

Wi'tAouten hope of Jiat bynd to haue in hie lyue, 

And Tntrew of bis tiawth trnat neuw after. 

Of the forword be fest wi'tA bis fie wille, h* nmabm 

10II2 To Frtam in pn'uete, and bis prise qwene, primmud 

Neuer in fild to be founden, ne his folke harme, ""** 

IfoTiy day he endiirit in hb depe thoght. 

And ay compaat ^e cases in his dene hert. 


10116 Than the Troiens on a tyme tokyn the feld. 



And ib.Q giekes liom agayn wi'tA a giym &ie : 
Seyuyn dajes somyn sesit ^ noght, 
Mony doghty wttA dynt Tuto detlia yode, 
10120 AndmonyiQ themenetTmemanitoftliegrekeg. 
t Yet the lede in hk loge vitft his loue hote, 

Neiur bownet vnto batell, ne to bright aimys, 
Bat in thoghtw fall firo ^rappit with hym-selujn, 
10124 Ab a mon out of mynd, mas0t full euj-IL 

jTan AguuTBoa the giete, b; grement of all, 
""'"""'"' To the tonn for a tretw triaty men sent ; 

ffor the mnrthe was so mykull of ]« mayn gickes, 
10128 )}en dut hym the Duke for deetany felle ; 

But the troiens fall tite of the tiew hym dcnyet, 

wij tiB* Is tmj Any tyme for to toiy, for tene pat might happyn, 

puMd, But a space for his spilt men spedely to graue, 

10132 And bryng hom to beiynes, and barly no morai 

) by Google 

a^i xAi Soke : of tlie (n) Baun ot ttie 00.1— n> 

\|^lteti paste was tixe pee, parties were gedirt (Uims.) 

&o the tentteff & the toon, tal^ the fekl : 

Assemblit wero Badly soodionne foil noble, 
10136 AiidmaBtoiiTe,]K(twasstith,(rtaeiiilf)«ifoght7n. 

MeneUy met vpon mayn Paris, jmutinc bMwHB 

That bothe were ^ backewaid boine of fen ttnt, 

With the lippe of Jure launaia so lannchet ^ 
10140 Polydamaa the pert preset to Ylixes, 

With the caape of a kene swetd kerue on his 

The fieike mtA a f^achon f^idit hym well, 

And fbght wftA the fuetse knif^t felly agayne, 
10144 Menestaos the mighty wttA a mayn dynt, 

Antenotir in angur angaidlj stroke, 

Unboiset the heK^ hade hym to gromid, 

WttA the lip of a lannee, ^f hym lothe were. 
10148 Fhilmen the faerse kyng wttA a ^^ne epeiie, 

Gird to Agamynon, & the gome hit ; 

G«uit hym full gretly, gai hym to stoape^ 

Jjal he wauerit |rerwi tA, & weikly he sete. 
10163 TelamOD come tyte, & the tothei met. 

Bore hym ouer backeward wi tA a big dynt, 

, Google 


Woundit hym wickedly, & the we halpck 
Aehilacua, a choisa son of the chefie Nestor, 
10156 Preait to a prise aon of Priam the kyng. 
One Bynour the bold, as the hoke sais, 
And the lede witA a lauiise out of lyue broght : 
ffoi the dethe of this dere myche dole rose. 
10160 The Troiens witA tene toQed full hard, 

"With a Rumour full loide & a roght hate ; 
TroOiu»Ten«i» And to Troiell was told, hym tenyt ^erwith. 

BtaBOTj WitA a fouohon full fulle fueraly he stroke : 

10164 Mouy britnet the bold for hiB broUiet sake, 
Of the grek^ iu hie grem, & to ground cast. 
All the pepull hade he put to ))e pure flight, 
Ne hade the Mirmydona mightely his malis wt'tA- 
10168 Than Ttoilus with tene tumyt bym switbe, 
(W. iM ^) Mellit witA the Mirmydona, manit horn thicks. 

Mill ind nnndi Gird hom to ground and to grym dethe, 

Mjirawom, Hid Woundit hom wickedly, walte hom besyde. 

Maigtit. 10172 His dyntte« so dedly durit so longe, 

jMt all the MimiydoDS men meuit hym tro, 
fell to the flight and the feld leuyt : 
Uyet hom hedlynges, & }hui« hold toke. 
H<t«n<>«tx*n 10176 Troiell w»tA the troiens twmyt hom after, 
sou itum down. Woundit hom wickedly in hor wale tenttes, 

ffellyn to fote, foghten full sore. 
And mony at the mene tyme murtherit to dethe. 
lOlSO The clamour was kene, crying of pepull, 

ffor the murtho was so my kill amonge the grek«, 
■■tb»!-i ■'^^ (ekiew), for ^ ekrykyng & skremyng of folke, 

Bedoundet witA dyn drede for to here. 

Tbeiiuhud 101S4 1 ho noyes noise n^hit to Achilles, 
iwudbjAEhuiM. As he lay in his logo, of ledia were hnrt : 

He spird at those specially, that epede hom to flo, 
The caoae of hor care & the crie hoge. 



10188 Thai told hym full tyte, tbe troieiu wiVi fowe 

Gild doun the grekes, & the ground wan ; 

Takyn fere tenttes, tomyt hom vnder ; 

Oppressit hom wttA pa;n & wiih pale stroke* ; 
10192 And ^i no poaer hade plainly to pat hom abake. 

" And je, that hopyn in hele here for to l&ng, 

Sekir of jour selfe, & no eora Jole ! 

Hit shall hap you to hane in a hond while, 
10196 ffyfty thowsaund fell foike out of Troy, 

To take you with tene & time yon to ground. 

Mouy of your Murnydona manit for ener : 

Thai hane no fone hom to fend, ^aire foe aie so 

10200 Wttftonten socour of soremen fa sothely bene 

Achillea for angur angardly swat ; 
So hatnet hia hert in a hote yie, 
|>e lone of his lady ^an left was behynd, 

10201 Welt into wodaee, wan to his aimys, 

Strode on a stith hone, stroke into batelL im. ist >.) 

He fora wtVi his fos in his felle angur, hafHiwdnuiw 

As a wolfe in his wodenee wtlA wethuis in fold : 

10208 He hoilit of helmys, hedis wt'tUn, 
Bent thuTgh libbis, rosshit vniaire : 
Tenyt so the troiens wt'tA his tore weppon. 
That ^e bent was on blode blent -with the erthe, 

10212 ffor britnyng of boemes wttA his bright sword. 

Pbb Troiell vrith tene the tourfei beheld, Ccoiiatbetwtan 

Knew well the kyng by caape of his hond, Trdim -. both *n 

Beichea his Eeynis & his roile Btrs)ua, 

10216 Coires to fe kyi^ with a kant wille. 

The kyng met hym witJi mayn, maochit hym 

Detf dynttea ^ delt fo doghty betwene, 
Wt'tA ^aiie fawchons fell, femyt of blode. 

10220 Troiell canie at the kyng wi'tA a kene aword. 

tlnD^Ur of bli 

, Google 


Bw^PtTT- Woundit hym wickedly in wer of his Ijf, 

pat he waa led to the lege, laid as for dede, 
But he Jangurd with lecbyng long tyme after. 
10224 TroieU in the toile truly was hurt, 

Bat not ao dedly his dynttes deiiet as Achilloe. 
Ni|[(it«iditii* Thos )>ai bykirt on the bent till the baie night, 

Pan left [lai foi late, lordis and other, 
10228 Tamyt vnto tovno & the toile leuyt. 

Herb paqht Jjai zx*' daos to-gsdub. 
Xi" dayes by dene wttA dyntte* in feld, 
Psa mett ^ viUi mayn, & mony were kild : 
pa.i neuer restid ^o RenkM fro Risyng of snn, 
10232 Of ^t noyos note, till ^ night come. 

Priim !• i[ri*nd pan Pn'am the prue kyng hade payn at his 

irokm hb hert, 

ffor Achilles by chaunae hade chaungit hie 

And breme was in batell hia buemea to qwelle. 
10236 He blamyt fuU bitturfy fan hia blithe qwene, 
}]at ener he tentit hir tale for tri&ea of hym. 
He said pat hia soianse sothely was iais, 
(M.iMh) And done for disaait, demit he non other. 

i^LjitnE tw ii 10340 Bolexena the pert hade pvne in hir thocht, 
Sor ho purpoat plainly in hir pure her^ 
Hym to husband haue hade, and hir hap ahope. - 
In Sex monys, at the most, fe mighty Achillea 
10244 Waa hole of his hart he hade in the feld. 
Of Troiell in the toile, as I told haue ; 
Bothe sound & aaf, set for to fight 
)Mn hatnet his hert in a hote yre : 

icMUa TMolTM 10248 To Troiell viiA tene, fat tomit hym vnder. 

And woandit hym wickedly, fee words* aaid ; 
" Doatles wttA dyntte* he deghes of my bond. 
And er he fare oat of fight haue a fowie end." 

) by Google 


102S2 When hit toniTt to ^q tyine totfor Bhuld rise, 

Iho mighty on mold metton to fight, 

With thaiie bateb Ml breme, biet full of pepuU ; 

And mony bold were ^ere britnet vpon both 
10256 Achillea Qie c[h]oiae kyng chargit hia knighten, aouuh lainef 

£r fM busket to batell foi boret on erthe^ toovun 

P&t )iai holly on a hepe held horn to^edor, 

And mynd of no matei for mpchef ne othir, 
10260 Sane Troiell to take witA toifei )rat day j 

Frese hym with pyne in partiea abonte ; 

Cacche hym fro company, close hym wttAin, 

In myddea hia mirmydonB Jut mighty to hold ; 
10264 Stuff hym wi'tA strengbt fai he ne etir mi^t, 

But hym-self hym to ele al^hly wit& hond. 

When ho menyt his men Jiis malie to viike. 

He fore to |re fi^t wttA hia felle kni^tes : 
10268 All hiB minnydons mightely meuit hym after, 

And pnt hym in prt'se his purpos to hold. 

J)an Troiell full tidely tumyt into batell, 

Wi'tA a folke ^at was fell, fuerse of assante, 
10272 Hardy men of hond, hede knightes all, 

And wondurfully Tnt^ht on hor wale foe. 

Troiell the tru, wttA hia triet Btrenght, (bi.iMaj 

So britnet Viith bia brond, & brisit the gnket, tih orwki u* 
10276 J)at J»i foundyt to flight for ferd of hym one, "° 

And lefton the lond, ^ horn lothe thught. 

Then the Uirmydona mightely meoit in hole, tim MfmidHu 

Two thowaaund by tale, as taght horn Achillea. nUj umuu 
10280 Hia comaondement to kepe kaston horn ^en, 

And aaaemblit on a lop sadly to-gednr. 

The Troiens wttA tene )ni timyt to ground, 

Eyld of hor knightea & comyns full mony ; 

, Google 


B«*it«vi. 10281 Wet hom wttA wouudis, vaipit hom douii^ 
And mycbe baret on bent to ^e buemes did. 
Pan tbe gKkes agayne getton tbe feld ; 
ffoll was the fight foynyng of speirea. 
jfuijuiMboa 10286 Miche haime, In )at hete, happit to falle 

On aither parte witft pyuo, fat put were to 

The MirmydonB hade mynd of f e mayne troiell, 
iMiiui And laited hym on the laund as the lede faght ; 

10292 The compast the knight, dosit hjm wttAin, 
On yche ejde yppon hepea hastely Btrikon : 
But iDony of fo Miimjdons fe maja knight 

& woundit hom wofuUy a wondurfull noumber. 
luMHdihiiig. 10296 ))ai horlit of hia helms, hade hit to ground, 
Haimjt the hode, fat was of haid maOe ; 
Rofe bit full Boidly, rent hit in pesee, 
PaI all bare was the bueme aboue on his crowns ; 
10300 Yet he fendit hym faeraly, fele of hom kild, 

And gird hom to ground, )>at greujt hom most. 
Achiiin tiMyi Thaa Achilles wi'tA angur come angardly fast, 

Segh the hathell all to-huilit, & his hede bare, 
■■^I^ 10304 And no helps of his hynd (men) hastid him to. 

WttA a fauchon felle he flange at the knight, 
Slough him full slawthly vHA sleght of his hood. 
And hade of [his] hede vndwr horse fete. 
10308 He light doun lyuely, leoit hym not so, 
biitdiDMdHd ffestuyt hym vp fuersely, by his fste enyn, 

<M. iw hj Hard by the here of his horse tayle, 

uddngatt Andhurlit hym witA hethyng fnrgb |)s hoole 

10312 Xhow Omer, ^t ofb>tymss openly writis 

Of ])st bueme in {li boke, as best of bis hondss, 
Or wsgh fat is worBhipfull, & wight of bis dedis, 
He comendith hym kyndlj as a knight noble ; 



10316 Hot be TOaaon, or right, or rewie, may Jfou Baoxxn. 

To denie hym so do^ty in dedis of armyat 

And nomly in ]iia note, so nolilely ^on eayes, 

Thnigh eti«nght of his strokes, stioyet hs haso 
10320 Two Ectora eger, & to end broght :— 

The pn'nae of Jtat pnraynBe, ^t no peie hade, 

And Tioiell the triet knight, his owne tni 

One, the strongist in atoare, f&i on stede lode. 
10324 Lelly fi le^pges f<m lappis fall faiie, mttntuHr 

ThuTgh afEeotion & faithe foa feat wttA the hudMoni. 

As ^oa said by Jn-aelfe, }nir^ aibradyn first, ciBraifiiii"- 

Thon was aliet to ^t lynage, as by lyne olde, r rt t Hamhip .) 
10328 Or ellis wodenes Jie wrizlet^ & ^ wit failet, 

And no reason by rewle ^t Benke to comend. 

Ne fell he not first witA his fala trayne, i>id>io(Ai>biu« 

Honerable Ector, oddist of knighte^ Madwrguiji 

10332 The strongest in stonre )iat eu«- on atede rode ; 

^t mon hade no make of might in his lyne, 

Ife ao worthy in world, wist I neuer sitheo. 

"When he caght hade a kyng, as come hym by 
10336 And to pnll hym of press paynit hym fast, 

Wiih all beeenes aboute & his btest naked, 

His shild on hla ahtdders e^ot was befayad. 

He hedut no hathell, ne no haime thoght, 
10340 Saue the kyng to his company denly to bryng. 

Hade the prlnse of his porpos persaynet before, 

He hade keppit hym fall contly, cawpit witA 
hym so, 

}}at ^0 ^kei ahold haue greuyt, & ]>e gie lost. 
10344 And troiell, the tm knight, troyturly he slogh. And did h. k* 

Koght burgh stowienea of strokst, ne with imwubt- 

, , nondtdnd 

strenght one ; 

) by Google 


Book tiTi. But a M, fro knight«s ptoag hym aboute, 

)}st noyet ^t noble, & naked bia hede, 
((oLiWa.) 10348 And ehamfullj a ahent man he shope to ths 
There he fonnd no defena, no fightjug agayne ; 
But as R ded man to deme, ])at deitet no Tight 
Neuer bond vnto bond banuyt be nother, 
103S2 But as a caitef^ a coward, no knighthode at alL 
Tniir. u inr Not, loke if ^ lede aoche longyng be irorthcs 

bHD In hiu, h* As ^u wn'tia in )ii worde«, or were to alow 

TOtodTiSjw u I»t 80 wotBbipfull a w^h, aa fe vi^t Troilas, 

h« did. J 0Z5& J)at was comyn of a kyng, J« clenneat on lyue, — ■ 

Neuer a bettur of blode borne on f ia erthe, — 
Bbnld trails aa a traytor by the taile of his horsa 
Hade monbode bym menyt maynly wttA-in, 
10360 Or gentilnea iugget ioatly his werkes, 

8um pytie hade pricket, hia purpoa to leue, 
Pat neoer so filthy a fare hade fallyn in his bond. 

When Faiis persayuit the plit of hia brother, 
OrieTind nKmm. 10364 How he Was dolf ully ded, and diawBH in the ost, 

Ofte be awonet for awym, aa be awelt wold ; 

And mycbe dole waa ^at day, fo Duke to behold. 
On Trqiwus The troiena vitft tene trauailed full sore, 

hti bDdf, an 1 0368 £For the body of ])at bold viiJt baret was alayne, 

Tbe corse to Beoouer, & kaiy to tonne. 

But tbe grekea were so grym, f si giid bom abake, 

And witAstode bom full atitbly, stonyt horn 

King Mmmon 10372 The mighty kyng Menon mildll fioiow hade ; 

AtbUiMi flbr ^e dethe of ^at doro vttA dole at bis hert, 

He chefe to Acbillea wttA a chere felle 
And warpit fee wordia in a wild yre : — 

"p™*- "« 10376 " Thou trOTtoT vntra, bat trust waa in nenar, 

ooBiuti ffor shame may fou abunt, as shent of all 


DD.:ea by Google 


How found ^a ^t filthe in fi fals ville, Vttkjm. 

Of BO dogget a dede in )ii derf hert, 
10360 So woTshipfiill a w^h, & worthieBt of blode, 

)}at is comyn of a kyng, the denneet on lyne, 

To tegfa BB a irayioT, and tiaUe ypcm ^ ertlici, 

And hurle at pi hoise tails in hetJiyi^; of ts 1 
10381 Lene me now lell; all pi lyfe after, 

If oner kepis pa ]ii cone oat of cold augur." fiLutt.) 

)Mq Jw kyng at hym canpit wttA. a kene speire, hBrtntuai wUk 

Hnit hjm full hidusly , hannjt hj'in sore, ' 

10388 pat bisi was ^ bueme to bide in bis sadUl, 

Or oloAe for to lenge in his large sete. 

))en he awange oat a sword swicly wttA Jiat, a« «uk ■ 

Hnrlit thnigh Jw helme, bade bjm to ground : norddadiMMm 
10393 With a wound pat was wikkid wait of hie horse, ''""«™~>- 

Half iTneks on the lannd li{^t vnder fote. 

)Mn pe troiana wttA tene tokyn pa body TUNidr<' 

Of Troiell, pa tm knight^ & to toun led. namna, 

10396 \» Mirmydona paire maistur, masit on pa grene, 

Ljfbin vp lyuely, led hym away, 

Hordt hym in haste, bade bym a lofte. 

Hia atrenkith leBtoris stitbly aiiajn, aaam nemn. 

10400 And he fore to >e fight witA a fell wyll, wuhimu. 

Machit hym monfy to Henon pa ijag 

And he keppit hym full kenly : pa canpit to- 

Menon was my^^tier, & met on bym so, 
10404 |}at be grenit pe grake, and geoe hym pe worse. 

pea pe bateU come bigli rppon botbe halnya, 

Sondrit bom aone, pu at^htyn in twyn. 

JM day wax dym, dronpit pe sun, »ighn»diHi« 

10408 )>e lyght wex lasse, and pe laik endit ; 

Bogfatyn to tbe ait^ & sum to p^ testis. 

And logget po long nyght, layd bom to reet. 

Xhen seuyn daies somyn, aothly pu met, 

DC|-:ec by Google 


10112 Bateld on bent aa bom beat lilid. 

ffell wae fie fight ))0 fomen betwene, 
And mony derf ^r was ded er ]ie daie put I 
)}e T^ day sothly , saise me tbe ly&e, 
■ 10116 Achiliee thnigh chaunfie was cherit of his wond. 
King Menon to mare with Malys he ])Oght, 
And boonyt into batell wttA his baemes all. 
He meayt to his Mirmydons in manai before, 

10420 ]7b kyng to vmbcast, & close hym wit/t-in ; 
Asaile hym on yche side, til hym selfe come 
His vilany to venge, and his vile hnrt. 
jMn ^e stoui was full stithe, Btume men were 

10424 Baemes on }e bent blody be-ionen ; 

And mony hathill, in fat hete, of his horse felL 


Achilles hym chefe to fo choise Menon, 
And monly ^ai met witA hor mayn speris. 

10428 iie dentis of fio derfe derit bom so, 

))at ayther light on fie lannd, lenyt Jiaire horse ; 
Swange out swordys, swappit togedui ; 
And ffelli on fote fughtyn fiai bothe. 

10432 t)e Mirmydons to Menon mygbtily ^ronge, 
Vmbset hym on yche eide, sesit hym onon ; 
Hent hym in bond for no help comes, 
No no rynb hym to rescow, but his ronk fos. 

10436 t)en Acbillee come chaseondwttA a choise wepyn, 
Segh Meiion wiUi his men myghtil^ boldyn : 
He stroke hym full etitbly mony store dyn^ 
Till he britnet fa bueme, & brogbt hym to deth. 

10440 Hit wae not lik )iat ]w lede^ thurgh lust of hym 
Schnld bane hillit ^is kyng wi'tA his clen 
etrcnkith : 

) by Google 


Syn Menon wiih myght hade moriit bym ofte, 
)}at ffro ^e liede to ^e hele f>e bote blode ran : 

10414 And he likkir he lost ^en to Ijae after. 
jMrfore see of Jii aaghia, fou sore homer, 
J»t viitiB of hjm worchip, fat worthy ia non ; 
Keiur kyld do kyng, ne no knight jet, 

10448 J)at Brcountid was kene, but wi'tA cast beaoa : 

And if treson vith tramen be told as for vorchip, 
]}eii u ^t lede wortbe lose for his licbir dedia 

Aenelay witA mygbt meuyt in fen, 
104S2 Diamed fe dngbti, and deif Telamoniu* : 

fee gird in full grymli with a grate oat, 

firosahet to faiie fos vttA a fell stbouie, 

Grenit hom gretly, gird bom to fote. 
10456 ffoll mony were mamt, & maymyt for ener t 

)>en fSed all in fere, and fe feld lenyt, 

Soghtyn to the CitS, witA aoiow jiai hade. (^ im »■> 

Theire fos on hom folowet, fell hom fall thick^ 
10460 Hew on wttA hard stele, hurt of hom fan, 

And mony kild on fe diffe vnto cold dethe. 

))ai wan in wightly, warpit to fe yates, 

Barrit hom full bigly wjtA boltes of yemo ; 
10464 Biaid vp the brigges in a breme hast : 

The tothii to the tenttea tumyt agayne. 

pan was sorow in the Cit^ eohbyng of teiea, tu rri>r mbh 

"With Pnam tiie pn'sa kyng, & his pme wyfe ; TnjinM. 
10468 Wailyng of wemen, weping of knJgbte^ 

ffoi the loBse and the Inre of fe lele cMlder, 

Eonerable Ector, oddist of dedia, 

Deffibua the doghty, & the derf TtoUob : 
10472 Now dem fal no dede bnt Uie detbe fole I 

J)an Priam, the prue kyng, prestly did send Pitai anBudi 

To Agamynon the giet, for graimt of a tru : tmiML 

And be aesentid fall eone, asorit wiiA htmd, 
10476 And affinnyt hit fiist wttA a fyne othe. 



WitAin the tyme of fe true, for troiell waa mode 
A SepulcTB Solempne, set fall of etonee : 
ffor Menon, the mighty, vas nude pen another, 
10480 And the coree of Jat cleane cloBe[t] ferein. 


Witftin the tyme of Jm tru, aa the trety sayea, 

Hoiwrable Ecnlia, Ectois moder, 

ffoT the dethe of hir dere sonnea moche dole hade, 

10484 WttA sykyng and sorow selly to here. 
|}at troiihy, in hir irit, varly bethoght 
On all wiee in this world ^e worthy for to sle^ 
))at hir grenit bo gretly, and to ground bioght 

10488 All ]k> taetea men in figfat, witA hie fols cast. 
Paiys ftiU pn'nely aho pulled into connoeU ; 
Thiea woida to ^t w<^ wepyng she said : — 
"Dere son, myche vs deies the dethe of ^ 

10492 jMt falsly in fight ate fellit 1^ Achilles, 
ffiiat, Ector wiih envy evill he dyssayuet. 
Dang hym to dede ; & the deife troilns, 
]Mt my lykyng base loet, & left bat the none 

10496 Of all my semly sons, ^t my eclas was in ; 
Therfore^ sothely me semes, o fo same wise, 
)}at he witA treason were takyn, & timyt to dethe. 
And dime for to dregh, by domys of light^ 

10500 Soohe wlrdes & wo, as he wroght has. 

- He has sere men send, and sadly me prnyed, 
And depty decfyred my dogbt«r to wed, 
PoUexena the pert, by purpoe of olde. 

10604 I will bete hym tah hertely his heat for to kepe, 
, My doghtei full dere to his dae wyf. 

' A sonnd will I eend by a sad &ynd, 

On all wise in this world warn hym fro me, 

10508 To Appollo pure temple perUy to come, 

., CJooglc 

t»t we may ajreike of onr apede Bpecially fere. BoofcxXTi. 

Thus I will ^t ^on wirk, wete Jou for sotte : miiii»tp»ri« 

Sure kuighte* of OBsent assemble ))e to, km^u md; to 

10512 TumyB into the temple byetily emirmyt ; "^ 

Ebpis you in txmer, deane out of eight, 

Tyll the kyng and his company by comyn witAin; 

f&Ilys on hym fneraly, &ap bym to detlie, 
10516 That he pas not your poaer for prayer ne other ! " 

The knight) at ^ comanndement of hie kene Putuwnta: 

Wtt& eykyng & eorov aaentid ^erto. 

He dreseit for ^ dede, by dom of )ie qwene, htiOaittttiiaa 
10520 xx" knighte* ftUl kone of hie kyd frynde*. "*'>«'•''• 

Cboiae of bia chero men, chai^t hym-eelfe 

His coonoell in conert to kepe for the tyme. 

Jhtn Paris and hie pepnll past to the temple, migc«ioUi. 
10534 Eeppit horn in cooert, aclosit ham ^erin, 

Aimyt at all peei^ abill to fight, 

And a-bode till }« bueme vnto bnrgb come. 

)>en Ecuba esely ordant a message, hhdUihiIk 

1052S Sent to ^t eoaerain by a sad bynde ; a^uIw" 

Spake to bym specially to spede of his etend, 

To tttme to the temple, and taiy not longe. 

Than the hede kyng Tohappely hasted belyue, (toL in ».] 
10532 Labnrd -with lone, ^t lodly diasaynis, 

And mony worthy and wise hose to tro broght, 

Put Tnto poaert, and to pale dethe. 

Achilles with Aichilagon chefe on fe vay, Ai«wirrui 

10636 The noble snn and next heire of KeetoT the Duke, gae.totti> 

Soghtyn to the citie eomyn onon. 

And to AppoUynB aune tempk angardly yode. 

Paris wt'tA his pert kuight^ presyt hym agayn, lautHbdiv 
10540 Wi'tA all his might & his mails the mon for to kuigbu, ud 

Swordis out swiftly fiai swappit belyue, 

And Tnwet hym full sore vpon sere halfes. 





BMfc^iTi- Achilles braid out a brand vHh a brem wille, 

10544 And fast vmbe hia fist foldit his mantilL 

All bare waa tbe baeme, out of blight vedie, 
Yet seuyan of Jat sorte he alew iritA hia bond. 
TttTja cast at the kyng with a Lene will, 

10548 ))ie darttes noght dole, and dedlf hym voondiL 
There kyld was the ky&g, & the knight bothe, 
And by treason in the temple tirnyt to dethe. 
J)aD Paris to the pepull prestly comaiuidii 

10652 The bodies of fro bold to brittim onone, 

And cast hom to cnrree & to kene foghle^ 
On fere flesshe hom to fede on a fonle wise. 
The corses of )>o kant men were kast into stiete, 

10556 Icbe lede on to loke, as )>ai lust hade, 
ffayne of ^at fare were the felle ttoiena : 
To se )» corse of ^at kyng, pat bom care wn^ht, 
Be doi^n to dethe for deiryng of other. 

10560 Agamynon the gret, by giement of all, 
To Priam, by priise men, pertly be send, 
))at he wold graimt to ^ greke*, by grace of 

The bodies of fo bold to beiy as hom liked. 
10564 Arcbilagon, the cboise knight, was cbera to hia 
The noble Duke Keator, pat noyet full aora. 
Mycfae soTow hade his Syre the snn to behold, 
And oft swonyt that swete, & in awyme felle. 
I0S68 The kyng graunttjd )k> greki^ fo grete for to 
The bodies to po bastell barly to lede. 
ffoi the choise kyng Achilles ftd cherit hom 

WttA mych dole for hia dethe, and drede of 
hom more. 
10572 fiai bopid full hertely, for ^t hed losse, 



Neu«r the cite foi to sese, ne hor Sate bau& bo. 

£FoT the losee and the lure of fat lele kyng, 

Myche vatei fiai weppit, ^at worthy to myaae. 
10576 P&n ^ai purnait of pnae, with preciouB ataj, 

A Sepnlcre solempne, set fuU of Btonys : 

Praying to Pmm, ]io prfss men all, 

WttAin the Cit4 to be Bet, wttA anfferana of hym. 
10580 He grauntid ^o grete a graimt foi to hane Adju 

In the entie of the est halfe, euyn at the yato, bntu 

That troiena in old tyme Tyboria did call. ^ 

Jjere ^ai tild vp a tonre, tiiedly vroght, 
10584 Meraelonaly made wiiA masons denyse, 

"With Jemmes, & inwella, & other ioly stonya. 

There dosit ^ai the fcyng vpon deone wise, 

WitA mykill sorow and sykyng, and aoghtyn 
10588 }}an Agamynon all the gret gedirt ooon, Aguu 

KyngM into connsell, & ofer kyd dukes, 

Erles, & all men oght of estate. 

Thiee voidia to f o worthy watpit fe priae : — 
10592 " Lokefi now, lordes, onr lure la full hoge, 

On the myase & the mnrthe of fa mi^ty «•'■* 

AohiUeS. eontlDi 

Whethor is bettui in bat«ll abide in this Itmd, 
Or kaire to onr cnntre, and the kythe leue)" 
10596 Iche vhe, in ^a werke, has for wit kaat, 

))aiie domes were fall dyners, doablit fall )>icke : 
Sam lordea to lenge lusty foi were, 
Sam frike to ^e faie fero fryadet to e& 

10600 sythen, ^o aoueraina were of asent bole, ihm 
Jwrein batell to byde, & the bni^e sege. ^^ ' 
jMf bom aantrid Achillea wt'tft augur to h»e, (fin 
And &il horn in fight wttA hie fj^ stiei^t, 

10601 Jlture goddia will not gab, fiat gianntid hom first •m ni 
The dtS to seee, aa hom selfe lyked : gotM. 
IVoy wi'tA his toaria tyrne vnto groond, 


■nd (W ttaa m 


And hewyn Tppon hoin, fiat ^e hold lepia. 

10608 pan Alaz the Auntroos aUet to saj, 

In myddee of }o mightj meuit to stond ; — 
" Loidea, yf hit lite yon, lystyn my wordia, 
And hedis me with heiyng, herkyn a litle ! 

10612 )Mf atmtras Achilles, abiU of dedia, 

Be diepit with dethe, and done &o our helps ; 
Let send for hie sou, a sad mon of bond, 
Oddest in armys, & austroa in were, 

10616 A fuene mon in fight, & in bike youthe. 
Out knightes to comfoid & out kid p^ull : 
Of ^ie toon, ellia truly, tidis vs nou end, 
On no wiae forto vyn, ne oui wille haue.** 

10620 Then affimyt bit ioat aU }e fyn conncell, 
And asaentid to fo sound fo Bouerains alL 
On ^ia mesaago was made Menelay the kyng. 
By agrement of po grete, as for graith holdyn. 

10624 He was chosyn for chore of his choiae wedia. 
If eptolyn, the nobill son, naitly lo seche. 
Of fie duke ^t waa dede, doghty Achillea. 
He was (lengyng) in lond wtlA Licomed tlie 

10628 He vae graunaer of pat grete, & for graith 


Xow hit tide for to tell fie tyme of f>e yera 

The son vndur jodiake set was olofte. 

At ^e poynt forto passe, & put into canser ; 

10632 When fie season of somer was set at the last, 
And the day of f)e dieight drynyn Tppo long; 
By domya of deaynours, ^t delyn fierwttA, 
Abill of astronomy, fiat auntiis on se, 

10636 Sadmen of Syens, fiat settyn hom ^erto, 
Solstaoion, for sothe, sayn hit to hat. 
In the monyth to meikc, the myddis of loyno, 



The eeztene day sothely , eais me the lyne, 

10640 The boldmen to bent bonnet full Jiicke, 
Sadly on aither syde soghtyn to ffild. 
The grekee liom greithed, the grettist & other, 
Dyomede the doughty, & derf Meneetaos ; 

10644 Agamynon also anntrid hym -wtih ; 
Menelaos among meuit to ffeld. 
All boskee hoi batels on hoi beet .vise, 
And past fuTth to l^e paae, ^o ponei togedui. 

10648 J}an Pnam, tlie pnse kyng, pumait onon 
His knightei in companyes cantly to 'wend, 
Vndur gooernaunce graithe how )iai go shiild, 
And aseignet hom hym-eelfe, as soueTun & Imd. 

106S2 Moche dole and doate ^ doghty men hade, 
Syn hom lacked the lode of the loide Ectoi, 
}}at was atithist of stonie, etabill of hert, 
And the wit, ^t bom vantid, of the worthy 

10656 WttA the tmthe and the trist of Troiell the 
In defantd of tho fiieise, the fyne Duke Paris 
ffore to the ^^A wttA a fell poner. 
Myche watoi he weppit of his wale ene, 

10660 Oii«r-flowet bis foce, fell on his brest, 

WitA stieamys out straght Jniigh his stithe 

The muranw was mykill of his mays knightes, 
WttA gnmyng & gi«f for )wfe giet angur, 

10664 Ay in doute of the dethe, drodyng bom'^elnyn. 
Than Polidamas fall prast put next after ; 
Fbihnen, the ^rse kyng, wi'tA a folke boge ; 
Esdyaa also anntrid horn. witA ; 

10666 Eneaa also after hom went ; 

All the ledis to the listes on the latind past 
Paris wtt& the peicians, prise of all aicben, 
Assemblit fiill sone with a sad pepnll. 



10672 Mony wondit fai vegh of ya vale gnkea, 

Aad monf slogh in )>at slade wi'tA sliglit of hia 

Dyamede full demly drof to tlie l(yi% 
Fhyhuyn tlie fuene, yriih a fnke wille ; 
10676 Hym keppit yat kant on a kene q>eiia. 

Wi'tA prjfie of Jia pafigons, bis onne pnie men, 
Mony grakes ^o giym vnto ground bioght ; 
Woundit full wickedly, wait hom to dethe. 
10680 Jjai hurlet hom full hard witA hot hogo dyntt«^ 
)}at Diamed full dernly was dryren abacko, 
I Meneataus, )« mighty nmlatur of Athenea, 

Predt Folidamas & put hym of horee, 
10664 With a spar of a speire in dispit felle. 

Jjan he braid out a brand, bikrid hym hard. 
Wold haue kyld the knight to the cold erthe ; 
But fat Fhilmyn, fe faene kyrtg, fell to |>q 
10688 Halpe hym of hondet, hade hym away. 
Paris full prestly put hom to ground, 
WHA sharpues of ahot, ehent mony knighto, 
And grenit full gntly ])e grekes ^t day. 
Aju, tbin^ 10693 t)an Aiax, the anntrus, come angardly faste, 
dan mur WitA bomysshed brand britnet hie folke : 

«mM wuiMt Mony tioiena witA tene he timit to dethe, 

'■™**' And angart hom euyll, vnarmyt ^ai were ; 

10696 And he Tnwoondit, I-wis, oat of wothe paste. 
To the perciane he put hym, ])at Paris did lede, 
Tbt nmoM Britnet of bo bold, & myche bale wrosht, 

)}at all flagb hym in fere for feid of his dynttM. 


(■8. bu "(■-) 10700 Paris (with) pyne waa pricket at his hert, 

To se his men bo be-mard, & mnrtherit to dethft 
Pttfa wowid) With the birr of his bowe, & a big arow, 

pgiwwd ■Riw. Juat put was in poison, ho pairet his armur, 

, Google 


10704 Ent Jnugli hia lybbes, rent hym wi'tA in, Bootnvi. 

Betweene the lyn^ & the lightea lannohit hym 

'pat all blackonet hia blode, & his bio ch&uiigLt ; 

}}an feld vele the fieike Jnt he fey was, 
10706 And ded of fie dyst or fie day paat. (Uiuij 


He prsait vnto Paris in his pale angur, 

And as he faght in the feld, to ^ &eike said : — 

" Parity feu prestly hatb put me to dethe, *i« !■ rmng* 

10712 And alient me mtA shot of fit Bhaip geire, uuKiMTHku 

But I d(^h of ^i dynt, and damp into helle, 

))ow shall fint go before, and feuto of our iray. 

Hit is leason and right for fi Banke loue, 
10716 jMt fo\i part now vith pyne fro \n prise £kn, 

flat is cause of f ia caie, and thia cold angur ; 

And mony doghty ten dede of Dukes & 

Than ha here to fe bueme witA a bigge eworde, 
10720 Horlyt (urgh ye lielme & the hard chekys, 

And lie girt to be ground & the cost jalde : Pub uxi Mu 

„ , . „ , , . M to Ih. ground 

£uyn ded of fie dynt, deiret no mo. dead. 

fnan Aiax also, uigardly swithe, 
10724 ffell of his fole, flat to >e erthe, 

fibr payne of his pale wound paasit o lyue, 

Euyn ded of fn dynt, & to dole went. 

The troiens, wt'tA tene for timyng of Paris, 
10726 Myche moumyng & myschefe in bor mynd hade ; 

The korse ^ rekon^ryt with ^aire kont fight. 

And broght hit to butgh wt'tA bale at fere hert. 

Dyomed the Duke, & Dorfe Menestaus, 

10733 With a folke fiat was fuetse, feUy witA-atode, 

Till be troiena witA tene tumyt the bocke. ti» Trajim u« 

,„ , driim vltUB til* 

The Bun in hia seme set Toto rest, gum. 

And the day oner-drogh to fie dcrke night, 

, Google 


"oofcXiTL 10736 The troiens wttA torfer into toun entiid, 

Wt'tA myclie lure & loe of hot lefe kmght««. 
)}ai jfukit to fie yaiis jepely onoii, 
Barrit horn Ugly on lior best wise ; 
10740 Faseit oa preatly wttA payne to fera Iniiee. 
(u. 1M».) When the light was lease, the ledes wtU^-oute, 

Daiiiwtbtiii^^ Xhurgh gonemounco giaithe of Agamynon the 

AfUMOm ., 

doMU*UM'^!i]U Laidon vacche to pa wallis, fat so vegh past ; 

10744 FaviUons and poie tentte« pightyn ahoute. 

And ^«re lo^^t horn to lenge, irhile horn lefe 

The troiens in tonies, & on toun wallee, 
Laidon epiee specially, & spekon hom to, 
10748 On all wise for to wacche & wait« on hor fos, 
ffor gawdis, othii gile, ^t hom giefe might. 

Xhe same ni^t eothely, sais me )» lettor, 
Thtbodrofi'Hii The cone caried was to courtte of the knight 

li WTltd lo Uh _ • 

fdaa. Fans, 

10752 WitA myche weping & wo of his wale fiyndw : 
And Borow in the Cit4 was selly to here. 
Thi Tnjui d*- Xow all the hrether witA bale were britoet to 

^^■^■"^ dethe, 

t)at the folke shuld defend, & hor fos haime : 
107S6 Was no lede, fat hade lost, on lyoe for to be, 
Ke hope of hoi hele in hor hert thoght ! 
Myche pit£ was of Priam & his prise qwene, 
With Bobbyng of syater, ^at semly were eaar : 
10760 And Elan, of all wemen, angai^y &st 
Haia moH Swonyt full Bwiftly, & in swym felL 

omiiMdaid XZti tymee hit tide truly ^t night, 

K-ajrofPuii. Jjatwaa draghenfrothe DaieaUindedeswoiie. 

10764 Myche leuer, for pat lur^ out of lyue passe, 
]}an any longur to lyffe, & hur loffe want. 
Hir wordea & weping, wo to be-hold, 



Of caie & complaint;, cold^g in liert, 
10768 Hit wold haue perait •with pyt^ any pure aawle, 
And tendcit wttA teres hoi torfer to se. 
Hit were labur to long hir lotis to tell, 
Or any Tegh for to write, f of he wit hade, 
10772 The boiow of ^t aemly, as saia me the lyne. 

Both of kyng, & of kythe, & the deane qwone, 
Abriget of bant, for bale fat eho fiolet ; 
And hade pitie of ^t pure, hir payne for to here. 
10776 ffor the luff ^at she laid on fei-o lefe son. 

And the dole, yai aha diegh, for hia dethe one, 
Thai wotshippit ^at worthy as fer^ wale 

And lelly no lesae louyt hir in hert. 

10780 J}an in lono ioly temple, as the iest tellis, 
Atyret was a tabernacle, triet for fe noaea, 
Made all of marbill, of mason deayee, 
"WttA mony stuyng stone stondyi^ aboate. 

10784 Therein Paris was pat wttA prestis of fie h^he, 
And dodt vp his corse ^pon dene wise, 
Wjt& Sacrifice and aolemt4 snche as ytd vsit, 
And come to corapctouH, as bis l[ynd asked. 

) by Google 

(Ms.^T^) ^e xibij Bofte : of (xxiij) Batell of i^e €iU 

PoHi" 10788 FriamuB, for pit4 of hia pure sons, 
™) Hade no wills for to weire, ne the wallis paa, 

nuiii Two monethis witA might, er he mene wold, 

mad ; The jEttea to Tame he y epely comaimdit 

"" 10792 The troiens in the tyme, as the text Baia, 

WitJi myche sotow in the Cit4, sobbyng vnfiure. 

Hade no hope of fare hole : ^an pere hert failet. 

And Jiai drepit in dole, as piu degfa shold. 
n am 10796 Agamynon, by graith men, to ])b gret send 
w. Oft-sythes, for sothe, in the same tyme, 

Bade hym send furth hia eondionna, asaemble 

And buske vnto Batell, or his hush yelda. 
10800 The noble hym denyet, for noy fat might happen, 
■ b.) He diede hym full depely foi deateny feble, 

Lest hia folke in the feld were l^nally diatroyet ; 
tm foe And for hope pat he hade of a helpe aone. 

I, 10804 Of AmyBones anntroe atlet the qwen^ 

J»t was bom to the buighe in the baie tjnte, 

Honorable Ectot in armea to helpe. 

There out in the Orient, in old mens dayea, 
10808 A prouynse of pme, fat preatly was cald 

Amysone wiih all men, aftur full loi^, 
n There wond in no wegh but wemen allone, 

, Google 


WjtAouton men, owtber make, to medill hom Book r xTii. 
1081 2 Jiai were strong of lior atatuie, stitliest; in aimys, 

And veil enformet of the fete, ^ot to fight longit. 

Euen hefore in fo frunt of fat fair© yle, 

Was a prouynse of pnae, & praty men in ; "^ *"■* ■" 

10816 ffnll of all frate, and fode of the best, obd nun dwdt. 

Wond }en no women, no no wegh ellis, 

Bttt men on pat mold, & mony fiai wera 

Now the taaaer was moet of ^o mylde wemen, 
10820 Thre monea wttA mirthe Jio men for to viset ; i" *!"". "w, 

Euermore ia Anerill aontrid hom so, womm Tinud 

"Wt'tA the monith of May, & the mery lone. 

There to leng witA hor louys in lykyng a while, 
10621 Oft in wanton werkM wez ])ai wt'tA childe. 

And sithen of solas soghton to ^ere londes. 

When )w biudis paiie birthe hade borne of fem 

If hit a woman were, wttA worship hit beppit^ iw^'h'" "* 
10828 And foetred hit furthe vppon fiiire wise ; imn; imHf m^i* 

And if ^at aam had a Bun of hii selfe home, luiw. 

Hit shuld be keppit fiiU cleane, as ^ clanae 

Thre yere thmtely throngen to end, 
10832 Than sent to fe syre, and Boiowma witA hym. 

Thus tide hit ^at tyme, as I telle o^ 

There was a lady in ^t lond, ^t be lyne aght 

All the kyth^ & the ciowne, & the kleane 
aoile, — 
10836 A maidon full of might, & monly in annye. 

Boldest in batell, beat of hor honde>, — 

Pantasilia, }iat pert prestly was cald. 

That honerable Ector od myche loayt, (m. im«j 

10840 ffoi hie proves of pnee, and his pert dedis. 

And for wightist in wer of Jiis world J>en, 

Hit was told vUJi a true of a ti^ot ost 



Bootuvii. , Of grekes ^t were gedrit to Jo great troyo, 

10814 Fn'am to oppiesse, & tus poie lond«s ; 
FnthaDa And ho come for ^t cause, Jiot kyng for to helpe, 

Amuau to WitA luT maidons full mjld, mightily in axmya, 

A thowsaund fall ^ro, ^pand in wer. 
10818 ffoi lone of >at lede, Jut vaa of lyne past, 
To ^ Git^ ho soght wi'tft hur cmte hoole, 
Noght knowing the case of fie kyd pniue, 
R«(ritf« J}at the doghty was d«de & drepid for ay. 

HtcteniiaiB. I08fi2 Whan Jrat worthy hit wiat of his wale dethe, 
Myche BOiow & aykyng Baxika in hii hert^ 
And mony dayea for dole ^at doghty can wepe. 
This lady at the laat lefte of hir aorow, 
I0S56 And prayt Tnto Pii'am all wttA pnre woid«, 
Bhi ^iji Mud His Imemes Tnto hatell hainly to ordan, 


iHdUitTniui. And poll rp a port^ let hom pasae furthe. 

Sho purpoet hii plainly wttA bir pore maidons, 
10860 The greke« to greue, & ahe grace hade, 

In. fight for to fele of hii fell dynttM, 

And of maidyna might make hom to know. 

)}an Fmm his pnse men p;vatly comaondit, 
F;i«n«M, 10864 Philmen, the fiieise kyn^ & his feres all, 
PuiTduoH, witii Eneas also, abill of dedis, 

tbumr Pn- Folidamaa the pert, vith a prue hatell, 

Wi'tA Pantaailia the pure prestly to wend. 
10868 Daidan to vndo )ie d<^fy comaundit, 

And all fore to ^ fight in a fnint hole. 

The grekes gird hom agayn with a giym fere. 

And witA launsea on the laond lepyn to-gednr. 
Aamatatti* 10872 Breme was the hroche in the breat ))an I 
iieiHUdi la Pantaailia so pr€sit proad Menelaus, 

Qaan. l>at ho gird hym to ground wi'tA a giym dynt 

The horse of |iat hathell hent ho belyne, 
((bi.iM»j 10876 And laght by the Beynes to a ranke maiden. 

Dyomede the derfe diofe to )n qwene, 

With a cooree of his eaple, and & kene span. 



ptA mighty hym met mtA a mayn stroke, Baonrvn. 

10880 ]7at he bead in the backe to ^e baie Bodell, 

Ynaeth held hym on horse for hanne |iat he 

Ho raght to hym rodly, reft hym hia sheld, 

And hetoke [hit] foil tite to a. tiiet maiden. 
10884 Telamon yrith tene tamyt to Jie lady, sii«hnriiT»i»- 

To vei^ of hir Telany, & voide hym of hanne. ■mmd) 

He laimchit to )iat lonely -wiih a light wille, 

And ho keppit the kyng, kest hym to gToand, 
10888 TiU hie head witA the hard yerthe hnrUt full 

So faght fat freike with hnr fyne strenght, 

)}at ho kuoveu -was for kene wiiA kaupe of hir 

And myche dnt for hir dynttes or fe day 

1 0392 So )>at worthy in wer wroght at fat tyme, -ptare-, •»! 

pat Telamon ho toke, & tumyt away. 

Diomede, J»at Duke was duly beside, Htiin«o«dhj 

If^egh wode of his wit for f e wale kyng ; 
10896 So he fore fere in fight with his fell stroke^ 

}}at the lede fro the ladis lawse away past. 

pan Fantaatlia the pert viiJi a pure steuyn, 

Criet on hir company with a cant wille ; 
10900 Afisemblit hii soTte on a sad hepe. 

And 80 fneisly fai faght with the felle grekM, 

Thurgh helpe of fat hynd, tmd hii hed maidens, 
' |)at all fell to Jie flight, & the feld leuyt Tb*o™Aib«ik 

10904 The wemyn, as the went, welt horn to ground, UnAnumnni 

Vfith Bwappie of her 8worde« Bwelt mony 
knight«« ; 

Chasit hom wttft choppis fo chynallme ladis, 

To the side of the sea, oi Jtai sesse wold. 
10908 There the grek«< wi'tft grem had the gre lost, 2|1SI™ '^ 

And endit for mer, enya at fat tyme, maorHkiftom 


Hade not Dyomede witA dyntte* done witA 

So woadurly well at the watur side. 
10012 Tliera delt )Hii with, dynttes, till the derke oight. 
All left Jiai for lato & huikp^ of Sun. 
Pontasilia the pert, and hir priee maidnes, 
1 Kyag Fhilmyn the fuene, wiWt hie tyae 

10916 The prise men of Fafigon fro )ie prese vent, 
Soghtyn to the Cite witft hor truto hole, 
Zattid full esely onon, as horn likod. 
jTan Fnam waa proude, & prestlj bclenyt 
10920 ffor to couer of core thurgh fair kyd helpe. 


Two monethis witA might ^i metton on hent, 

Bothe the batels full breme, as the boke sais. 

Duly yche day delton ^ strokes, 
10924 Till Menelay the mene tyme hade the mere past 

To Lycomede, fe lell kyng, & the lede bw^t, — 

fTeptolon the noble, next to Achilles. 

He was sun to ^t eame, as J said ere, 
10938 )3a.t is Fimis in proses propurly cald. 

Two Domys had pat noble, fat I neuynt hauo, 

Enowen in hie cnntre, kyndly by aither. 
I When he come to pe cost Jiere Jm kynges lay, 

10932 Hym welcomyt tho worthy, as a w^h noble; 

And the miimydona mighty, foi maistur hym 

Were glad of )» gome, & gretly honouryt. 

The grekes fiiyne of pat &eike, and wtt/t a iiiiut 
10936 Eetaynit hymwttA B«uerence, )io Riche men all. 

And honnret hym by ordinaunce wttA order of 

Telamon fiill tyte, triety of dedis, 



Gird hym full graidly Wi'tA a gay swordo, 
10940 Bad hym nait hit nemly, and noy of hia fos, 

And dete for the dethe of his dere fader. 

Two spunes Ml apedely spent on his hells, 

pa.t were gaily oner-gilt, yo grele wttA hor 
10944 }}ai betoke hym the tent of his tiied fkder, ■ 

And all the hameis hools of ]iat hed kyng. a 

There ^ fourmyt a feat w»tft a'fyne wille, 

Sert6n dayes by-dene, duly to hold ; 
10948 With Sacrifice Bolenine soghten Jwre halowee, 

And all glad were po grete of pe gome \»n. 


When hit drogh to f e day, the Dokea wit/i^nte 

Bushet Tnto batell, and the burgh alae. 
10952 Tho mighty wttft mayn matton in the ffeld. 

And girdon to-gedur on a grym wise, 

Pirma ynto preee put hym anon, f 

In the honerahle aimys of his avne fader. 
10956 Polidamas he preset wt'tft a prise swerd, 

With sleght for to ele, & alyi^ mto groand ; 

But hit passit his poner, for his pure helpe 

Of Phylmen, the fuerse kyng, fendit hym wele. 
10960 Fimia, that proud kyng, presit so fast, '> 

t)at be gild hym to ground of his gret horse. 

He macdiit hym with might pe mon for t 

Ab by witnes in wer, & away lede : 
10964 But the Pafigons prudly put hym agayn, 

Thaire lord to ddiuer wttA his lyf hoole. 

The Mirmydons mightely mellit horn wttA, 

J)at p^ caght not the kyng, ^of fiat care fiolit. 
10968 Fantasilia come pertly with hir pure maidnes, p«nUM.uemui(i 

Biusshet into batell wt'lA a breme fare. nahnpoaUu 

(All faire eolouris by corse were of cleane while. 



Ajb the glyasenoiul gletnes ^t glenttes on Jw 

10972 Tho my Id witA the MirroydonB mellit so hard, 
jMt mony worthy fai wotmdit, & waipit to dethe. 
))aii Teltuuon come tjte wtt/t a tried wiUe, 
To Pantasilia preset wi'tA a prond dynt 

10976 He giid hir to gronnd, and greuit hir yll. 

And ho stithly in the stouie start vppon foto, 
Tumyt hii to Telamon tite witA b. eweid, 
" Hit hym bo heturly viVi a hert ffille, 

10980 )}at he huilit down hedlongw to the hard erthe, 
And lay gronond on ground with a grym nojse. 
Than the maidnes wM might, at the mene tjme. 
Theirs lady rppolofte lyftyn onon, 

10981 ))at was f&ike to the fight & of ^e stienghty 
And as lion on the laund lannchit abonte. 
l^at worthy was war of ^ woo sone, 

How Philmen the fn kyng was fongid in bond ; 

9 macchit hii manly the iUirmydons to, 
With hir maydnes of might, & of main strenght 
So JK) wemen in wer welton doun the knighte^ 
Deyiit hom witA dyntte*, diyvon horn abacke, 

10993 jMt all fled hom for fere, f^ of hor dethe. 
Pirrus Jiia prowee pertly beheld. 
How his 3£irmydona wttA mi^t were mellit to 

Philmen the &e kyi^, ^at he in tjist hade, 

1099S He lete to )w laige, lame of his hondes. 

He criet on hia knight<» vHh a kene wille : — 
" Ne shamys yon not shalkea to shunt of ^e £ld, 
ffi}r Qi6 w^knes of wemen woondia a litell I 

11000 TumeB yow full tyte, & taries a while, 

Let TB wend to yon wemen, wait hom of horse ; 
WitA swyng of oni Bweides swap hom in eonder, 
And dyng hom to dethe for d€7iing of other." 

11001 FantaeiliA the pride of Firms onsr-herd ; 



Of his mote, Se his manas, not mykell ho roght. 

When he neighed hur negh, naitl; ho said 

J}ee wordea to the wegh, )wt he well herd : — 
11006 "lamnotferdof Jnfaie, nejiifellapeche, 

f)ot ])i ttAur wttA folshed, & -witA foole treason, 

Honerable Ector Bgatlj slogh : 

WhoBe Tilany to Tenge, & ^ vile dede, 
11013 All the Todd shnld wilne, wemen & oder. 

And we, )iat in ire^ wemen je call, 

Of cure dynttes dedly shall dole wttft yon sone." 

Fyrrus wex pole at hir pure wordes, 
11016 And come witft a couiee of hiskene yre^ (fiiLi«».) 

))at doghty to dere wttA a dede stroke. ''■r 'W't 

The women was war of his wille eone, 

And keppit hym fall cantly : ]iai canpit to-gednr, 
11020 WttA fniie glaines fidl giym, on the grene lannd^ 

J>at PiiroB with pyne was putto ]>e erOie, 

And his speire Tntto sprottei spronngen on ^ 

He lannchit vp lyuely, lacchit a swerd, 
11024 Bere to fat bold -with a breme Esire ; 

And ho keppit hym full kantly, kobbit wtt& 
hym BoK^ 

Wotmdit hym wickedly in hir wode augur, Pniiiadio 

Wold haue dongyn hym to dethe^ hade )ni delt 
11028 Jun Jn Ujimydona, his men, mightely comyn, tuirjimidou 

Lepyn to fere lord, lugget hym away, 

Halpe hym to horse in a bond qwhile, 

Thmgh etrenght of fat stouie, & of stltlie fight. 
11032 })an Agamynon the giete, wttA grakM ynow, 

]>yomede diogh neie wtth a deife pepnll ; 

Antenor also auntrid to batell, 

Wtt& a company clene of kyd men of armys. 
11036 I^ylmen |» fieke, Jmt foeisly wttAtakim, 

))at passit £to Pirrus by the prise qwen<^ 



Rwvxxvtt. Lut to fe lady, & of his lyff Jumtet, 

p>ieiii«ui Monj sithes for sothe, er he aeee wold. 

■iiH Tor BvinB 1 1040 pan ha semblid his Borte on a sop Itoll, 

And Pautasilia full pertly all hii prise maidnes, 
FalidamaB, the pert knight, fat put was to fot«, 
Was fraat Jirough the jrrong, & of ^lepe past, 
A ttna I lOii Hoimt in hast, highit agayue, 

"With fuerao men in fight a full fell nowmber. 
Eneas also wi'tft angaidly mony, 
Kyng Bomys the Siche, witA a roghe hatell, 
11048 Thies hurlet on a hepe with a hard shoure. 
Dynttee fiill dedly were delt bom among. 
And mony &eike viidurfot« &nnt of hor horse, 
pyrrus hym paynet to pyne of his fos, 
aiwnaddniij 11052 And the women wightly walton doun ps greke*,') On (Glaycon), a gome, gird was to dethe 

(M.iwii.) WttA PiiTOB in pn'ae, Folidamas brother, 

Antenor avne sun, aldist but he, 
11056 Gettyn in his gamyn on a gay lady. 
Thi QdM ud Pantasilia pr«eit Firras Adl fast, 

°* And the freite hym defendit witA a fyne chere. 

So burly fo big brusehit to-gedur, 
11060 pat backe to fe bent borne were Jai aither; 
Stithly f ai start Tp, strekyn to-gedur 
Tyll the prese of the pepull partid hom Bonder. 
PoirdHOH Folydamas, for payne of bis pure broder, 

daUiii(hi> 11064 Gild doun the grekes, and mycbegrem did: 
WttA wonndes full wide wait hom of horse. 
And wondwrfully wroght to wreke of his grem, 
Thuigh helpe of his hond, & the hede qwene, 
11068 The greke« of pe ground were gird to {w flight : 
)}ai folowet fast on |je fare, with bar fell djiMet 
Dang hom to dethe, & deiiet hom mekUl. 
PjrrhniTtii- PuTUB, vitfi pyne, and the proud Tbelamon, 

Monunia niij 11072 Dyamede the doughty, demly witA-stode, 

"" Gert tiio greke* witA gieme on the ground stad. 

) by Google 



psi fled wen before, & the fild leuyt 
pen the sun ventto set, eaeet the fyght, 
11076 Aither halfe to pen hold highet onone, — 
Bothe to tonn & to tent, — taried no lengwr; 
ffoi the derke Tp drogh, and the day endit 


Than a moneth wUh might ^ met In the fild, 

1 1080 WttA atrokw fall stith stajf mony knightes. 
Within tjme of pm toile, tollis the story, 
Ten thaveaund by tale were timyt to groond, 
In batell on bothe halnys, fat on bent lay ; 

11084 And mony of hii maidnea misait the qwene, 
)}at wen lost on the laond or Jiat laike endit. 
Aflnr a moneth & more, on a myld day, 
Bothe the bateU to bent bonnet fiill awithe : 

llOSS Itestoiit fall stithly opon strong wise. 
Shot into sheltrons shoggond full )>ickB. 
Kene was the crie witA crusahyng of weppyn ; 
Stede* donn sticked, stith men vnder 1 

11092 Fantasilia & Firros preait to-gedm, 

With dynttet full dedly in hor depe hate. 
The Toddis all to-Roose right to f aire hond, 
And in hor sadlea full sonnd aetyn pai stilL 

11096 But a trunchon of a tre wiVi a tiiet hede, 
Abode in the body of tiie bold Fitms. 
Jan. the crie wez kene for care of fa greke» : 
Mony preset wi'tA pyne to the pert qwene, 

11100 To dete hir wttft dethe for dole of hia hart 

jMi frnaahet hir so felly irith hor ^e aweide^ 
))at )w haapia of hir helme hnrllt in aonder. 


Than Pirnu wi'tA payne, in his pale angar, PmhiB, it 

11104 fibr all the tnmchyn of f» tre, f<at tenit hym ndHKou 
sore, *"*"' 


) by Google 


Bookixvn. If oght liedjt hia harme, no his hurt meuyt, 

And meuft vitA molia to )ie myld qwene. 
Sbo -was bare of Mi breast to ^ bright mayll, 
1 1108 Hade no helmB on hirbedefrohanuystoweiie; 
Yet sadly bo sete, eewit bjm agayne, 
Tbogbt tbe freika 'with a fonchon first for to 

uxiwiai Bat Pimu bym paynet wrtA all bys pore 

nrord onU lur Strengbt, 

bodr. 11112 And flang at hir felly wttA a ^e ewerd ; 

Share of {» ebeld at a sbyie comer ; 
Ynioynet the Javmbe of |ie inst arme, 
t>at bit light on ]» laund iytbet full euyn : 

sb.uiiii»i. XU16 pea d^bit ^t dogb^, dolle to bc^bold, 
ffell of hir fole to fe flat erthe 1 
And FiiTua witA payn pnld of bia brest, 
The epyll of bis apeire, in a space abort : 
11120 Itlycbe blode of bis body boaabet oat after, 

pjiti» bik And he gird to )m grotind gronond fiill aore, 

ii oBTitd an tall Haifa dede of ]iat dynt drogb into swone I 

The Mirmydona mightely ]wre maistur fnn tok^ 
11124 WM the ahalke on a sbeld aboke to bis tent; 
Aa a lede out of lyae laid hym to ground, 
Wi'tA weping and wo for his wale harme. 
The maidnes of fa mighty qwene masit were all, 11128 ffor the dole & Uie dethe of bor dere lady. 

itw KjniiMoim Thai afToraet bom felly yrith bor fyn might, 

(M. iltaj The Tilany to venge of ]ie vile grekar. 

jMd mallit vAh tbe mirmydona, )nt maisturles 

11132 Pat hom donn preatly, pallit bom ^uigb, 

Slogb hom fall al^hly for alegbt )iat )iai contbe, 
And other grake«, in hor greme, gird to ^e detb : 
Two tbawaannd, fall ^ly, ]>u ymng oat of lyue, 

11136 So ftaeraly pai fore in bor fell Ire, 

ffor the loBse of bor lady, Jiat hom lede ehnld. 

, Google 


But vhat foitherit the fight of ^o fell maidyiu, boih 
Syn the gnkee on hom gedrit ia eo gret 
Qowmbers 1 

11140 There mnrtherit were moDy of the mayn troiens : ^^"^ 
All the bent of ^t hiir blodf heroimeii. 
As Saras of the dede dul; me tellos, i"-*** ' 

X, M."*, full proly, in the J»repe endjt. 

11144 )paa flagh all in fare, & the feld leayt; 

Tumyt mto tonne with tene at ^ere hert. tbqrn 

All the worthy Jfere were, women & other, iiu git 

The ystoe wttA yomeryng jepely ^ai stoke, 

11148 Banit hom full b^jly on hor beat wyse, 

Ifeoer in parpoe witft prise to pas at hom efto. 
To no batell on bent, but the buigh kepe. 

) by Google 

^f)e ix&itj Bo&e : of ti}t CounseU of £neas 
anU ^ntmor. ®t t))e treason of tl;e Cite. 

TiuoBiriu^or Now fe troyens, with tene, all Jie tonn jatya 

inKunu^uw 11152 Keppit fuU cloyae, with care at hor hertea ; 
°"""'''' Wi'tAouten hope of any heipe holdyn hom 

Or any bocdui to be send out of seie londys. 
(M. 170M All the buitfli is full bigge, oner the bioda 

111B6 Waccliemen for to wale, wacches to kepe. 
Of trewmen in towres, for treason of other. 
The Cit4 to eaue feo saute of hor foa. 
fTor the heght is bo hoge of the hegh touria, 
11160 WttA dykes so depo dr&gheu a-boute, 
Only ikmin* bat DO werriour hit vyn may to be worlds end, 

lODlil awiutr tli» J u I -I 

<iyr- But ))urgh fEulyng of fode, ^t faiuttes pe pepull. 

ffor Pantasilia the pert pytie was made, 

11164 tat ofiendit fere foB viik hir fyue etrenght, 
Mony doghty fiat derfe Tnto dethe broght, 
And britnet on the bent wt'tA hir bale mudnes. 
Myche tene hade the troieus for fe tryet lady, 

11166 ffor ^ the corse m^bt not cacche, aa J»e kynd 
ffor to bery in the burgh, hor bale was the more, 
Ne to further Jiat fre y/iUi fynerall Beniya, 
The grekes gedrit full grymly to ))e gret yates, 



11172 Of Sim men in aoppes sadly enknayt. 

The clow for to kepe, whca care was on hand, 
pai no freike vpon fote foitheT shnld pas. 
The cotBe )nn Jtai comaund of pe clcne qwene, 

11176 To be cast Tnto cnnes and to kene fowles. 
But Piims fab purpoa pertly witA-atode, 
Bade bery the bmd on hir best wise, 
As was dae to the dede, to delne in ^ erthe. 

11180 ]>yamede the derfe demjt non othir. 

" Hit ia vnaytting," he said, " fat hit bo be, 
ffbr the worthy, fnt wicche hase wastid to dethe, 
Of our gnket on groimd, & to giem broght; 

11181 Let hit bones witA baret abide in this aire, 
As a coren vncleane, for hir cnrst dedis." 
paa the giet of the grekcs agreit hom all. 
The coTse for to cast in a clere teme, 

11188 Tndw a syde of the Cit£, & synke hit ferin, — ' 
A stanke fall of stynke standyng besyda. 

When the troiens in ^ tonne were tymet ^erin, 
WitA myche wandieth & wo in wer of hor b^e, 

1 1 192 Astenor & Eneas, witA ]iaiie avne sons, 

Serchid by hom-aelayn in aanyng hot lyues, 
ffot deiiyng witA dethe of the derfe greke* : 
And yf f)o w^hes ou no wise might of wo pas, 

11196 The tonne to be-tray, truly, J»i thoght 

And the gome to be-gyle, ^at the ground aght, 
t)ai purpoet with Priam preuely to speike. 
The kyng for to coonsell in the case bo, 

11200 ffor to proffer hom pes or he payne ^olet ; 
And to Bcstore fern stitUy all the store harmes, 
WitA the deire ^at was done by the Duke 

In Sytheria, foi-eothe, at Seayng of the qwene ; 

11201 And the lady to hir lord delyuer agayne. 
If fo gret wold agre for ^at grym dede I 




But happy were ]iat hede kyn& & he hauo 

Thia Etcoid in the cose witA-onten cue mare. 

11208 Soi all the deth and the dere of his deie sous, 
Jet the lord in his lond might lyoe in tiis age, 
Wi'tft his worthy wif^ & his wale doghtur, 
And his nohle sonnea naturell, Jnt hjm next 

11212 With eouenuns of the Cit4 & other sad pepnll ! 
This accord might the kyng hauo cacchit before, 
When the grekes, hjm to grefe^ were on his 

giotmd euyn, 
And teuydon hade takon, as I told hane ! 

1I2I6 Hit is said oft-sithea, and for sothe holdyn, 
He is happy, ^t a harme hastely amende^ 
Or any p«?idee haiie pyne, or pat Tnto dethe. 
Or be trauaOed y/iik tene, or tyne of fere goodes. 

1 1230 "Who hertely might hope, or hold in his mynd, 
)}at the giAes wold agie, or grannt to |iis end, 
Sot the loBse and the lure of hor l^e kynges ; 
And the hannys full hoge of hor hed knightesl 

1 1224 And namly now, when nc^ht may horn let, 
AH the worship to wyn, & hat will haue ; 
The toune for to take, & time to ^ gronnd j 
All the bildyngdj to bren, & the buemes qwelL 

11226 Therfoie cast is hit cointly by thiee kene tray- 


"Vnder proffer of pes, pryam to lose ; 
Hor Cit£ to diaaaiae in sanyng hor lynis. 
And all Troy to be-tiay, and the triet londio. 

11232 X ban the fayi^; into connselltraycacchynonoDe, 
And his son was besyde at the same tyme, 
Ampbimake, a freike of the fn blether, 
And other bold of the burgh, )ttt aboute wero, 

11236 J3an the traytoura vntrew told to Jo kyng, 

How the beat was fk> bale his burgh for to kepe, 


ffor to trete for a tiew, or ve tone Jmle, 
And to proffer tioin pes, or «e papi diegh. 

11340 Whan Prtam persaTuit in hie pure hert, 
The &r« of ^ faitours with fere Uie oaat, 
Euer hit meayt hym in mynd ]» malia )»i ^oght, 
J}at the oast of ^ coiutt men come for no lone. 

1 1244 He onfiwart fall eeelj efter his entent : — 

"I -mil haae conosell in this case, & comyn 

wttft other, 
Sertan days for doate, er I do more, 
On all wise in this world, & virke to fo beet." 

11248 EanUy, to Jie kyng, |>en carpis Antenor : — 

" If foa will mel of this natsr, mene hit till vb ; 
Of onie talis take tent, tiist fat we say ; 
And if Jroa hold hom not holaom, herkfn an- 

11252 ))en |m kyng foil of care oaipyt agayne : — 
"I repiene not jour purpos, 

Hit is lelly me lef to lyston jow wordia : 
And, aa jo demyn, to do, if hit be one beat. 

1 1 256 And if hit be not )>e best, but to bale wortb, 
Wratti ]ow not wheghie^ ^f I wale other." 
))en f% traytnr Antenor titly con ryse, 
fferkyt on fote, & to fte lie sayde : — 

1 1260 " Sothly, Syr kyng, hit tdttis not now, 

Jour discreaion to dem wttA no da reason. 
3our self and jonr cit^ is set all abonte, 
With jour fomen fuerse, foldyn wttA in. 

11264 l)ai kepyn the doyse of this dene buigh. 
With jep men at ^ yatis jarkit full ^ik : 
In qwose company kide axe kyngis full nobill, 
fSft^ foil fdl & of furse dnkia 

1 1268 Jlat noght wilnen in word, ne waytyn to bane, 
But ^ set^ to aeee, and ^i selfe alse. 
And we, no folke of defense, ne no fyn itof 

, Google 


Hane in this holde fro baimys to were ; 

11272 Ne BO derfe of onre dedia on dayee fro now. 
Any port fforto pas, or to pat opyn ; 
Ne }ow Bochis no eocour, ne no ead helpe 
Of no lede vppon lyue fro no lond atiannge ; 

11276 Ne no confoid to cache of no kjngia once. 
Syn )our aones ar elayn, & jour sure helpes. 
And jour pupoll all peiicltit vnto pale deth ; 
Syn VB cIieuyB this chaunse of a choise febill, 

11280 ]M Ics euyll forto laite, and leng fer-rppon ; 
£i we d€gh in this daangor, & to dol paase, 
Let TB proffer hom pea & hot pn'se qwene ; 
)}8t myld TQto menelay, as make to restore, 

11284 Jtet myche deie has ts done for hir dede one, 
Syn PariB, hire pure loue, ie pertid of lyae, 
jMt hir wait 00 his wy^ qwil wirdis hym demyt." 
Pea Amphimactu furaly vppon foto rose, 

11266 A nobill sone naturyll of pe nayt biether, 
TTrathit at his wordie, & wightly he sayde 
To [« tntytnr fall tit, all in tra wyse : — 
" Qwat hope may we hane of fii helpe sow, 

11292 pai |)i kyng and his campany castyn to diasayue ; 
)ji cite and fi aib-men settis by-hynd, 
)>at Jwu lone schuld witA lewtS, and )>i lyf 

Now we se f e be set on a sliper ground, 

1 1296 Of Jii fotyng to faile, and Jil faith hrete, 

And Jii nome, Jwt was nobill, noiet for ener. 
ffiill hard is Jte heryi^ of pi high wordis, 
And the tale, |iat poi tellis, of ^i trist feble. 

11300 XX*' K. inll thro shall in threpe end, 
£t hit pas to the plyt ^i pttrpos ia in. 

Sbr no luff hit is, lelly, ^n lappis thies tales, 
But for treason & tiayn, trust vo non other." . 

11301 Eneas efter ^is egurly said, 

Be&aynit Amphimacui of his &ike wille ^— 



" AguyitBB the gnkes to go, vs gaynea no mote, 

To no fight in the fold, ue oure fos mete, 
11308 If e to pae of )iis place, ne no port opim. 

Hit nedia va anothei Tray now for to kite. 

And proffer hom pea onre pepnll to saue." 

The kyng at his karping cast was in Ire, ' 

11312 To Eneas & Autenor Eguily eaid : — u 

" How may ye pat meane yon wi'tA malie, foi Z 
shame ! " 

Youie dedis me dollis, & dos out of hope ; 

And all coldfl« my comfoid, by catue of your 
11316 Syn I did neuer dede, duly to tell, 

Be plainly no purpoa pat rnto ende ; 

Ne neiier comynd in )rii case vnknowing to 

And ay wioght by your wittu, witnes your- 

1 1320 Truly, Antenoi, ^ tales yon knowes : a 

When ^-ealfe for Exiona soght into greee, b 

Made on a message in mene &o va all, q 

And come fro ^at conntre vnto court home, 

1 1 324 Thy councell was kenoly kyddeat of other, 
That Faiis by purpoa shuld pas oner the se 
The gtekea to greue, and get if he mi^t 
Sum lady of the londe, & lede into troye. 

11336 The cast, ne the conytiae, come not of me. 
In pee & proaperitie to put me to wer, 
But of fiileyng & flateTy wttA )i fet caet. 
And ^1 cnniet counsell, Jiat comburt va ofte. 

11332 And ^u, Eneas also, angaidly &8t, 

Of all buemes in fia bnrgli byset ^rfore, ttat itin ki 

When ^u passit wi'tA Paris tho parties Tnto, 
And ertyd hym egorly Elan to bryng, 

11336 Hade ^ connceld the contrary, Ss comynd hit (M-in*J 

) by Google 


Slmld aeaer lady of ^t lede Tnto ^ia loud 

And now, after the detlie & deuce of 107 dere 

Thou rises as a rebell to my lanke hanuys ! 
11340 Syche coimaell, as Jmu kythea, kepe I none o^ 
Ij&t will lede me to loese, & my loud hoole : 
Sauer of ahame to be shunt when shalke is on 

Eneas wittA envy egnrly Bose, 
1 1344 And kantly to f& kyng karpis i^yne ; 

Mony wordia in wiathe warpes full loude ; 
And BO parted the prise all in pale augur. 


The prise kyng Fmm was pricbit wt'tA botow, 

11348 And myche water he weppit of his wale ene ; 

ffot he se hit him-aelnyn, the sorow was the more, 
The ttayn of |)0 traytonre, pat truly were fals. 
' He purport hym plainly, for perell to come, 

11352 The faitours wi'tft felsyng to fonge yf he might 
He said to his son, on a ead wise, 
Amphjmake, the fre fat hym faith aght : — 
" Dere snn, I hane donte Jtat dethe vb depart, 

11356 Jiat of lyne & of loue are lappit to^dur! 

iSyn I am fourmyt )ii &der, & fo\i my ire child. 
Let ua suffer oui-self witft Bufferawnce of goddea. 
I wotte hit full wele, thiea wicked men hothe 

11360 Hane purposthomplainljtoperisshe our londe^ 
Oar cit^ to sell, & our-aelfe alse. 
Hit IB nedeftill for noy, ])at n^hia on bond, 
))at )>ai dioppe in the dike )rai deghit have for vs. 

11364 I hane takon intent }>o traytours to sle, 

Er fai begyle ts wttA gawdis, & ger vs to degh. 
; To mom when )>o men are meuyt to counsell. 



I will fon be wise, & viike as I Lid : Book ixvni. 

11368 Kepe ye in touert with kuightw a few, (M-mt.) 

Of ledis, ^at vs loaea, of lewt4 to forther ; 

Kacclie horn faa kesly, & biyng tioin to ground." 

He aseeutid full sone the s^h to perfonime, ^ anHnib 
11372 And to kepe hit aa in councell kenelf assurit. 

Bat oftaythes hit is sene, & sum men hath feld, 

))at spokyn is in speciall, spredea o fer. 

In ;che company is comynly a daterer <rf 
11376 J)at no councell can kepe, ne no close talis. 

To fea tmytouiB was told the entent of )m kyng, '^^^j'.'^ "* 

On what wise in this woild, no writ me declans. 

)>ai assemblit fall sona of assent other, 
11380 jMt knew of hoi cast, & comynt to-gedor. 

All flweiie bai, full awiftlr, Tpon awete haloues, •B«««i"to 

' go to y» eoandl 

Tfeaer to councell to come, but in cleane aimes, with u uiud 

"Wiih a pouer of pepull purpoa ^erfore, 
1 1 38i If euw the souerMn hym-aelf sent for hom efte. 

This Eneas, of abell men was angaidly grete, 

Of kyn and of coeyns, 4ii kydmen of atrenght : 

He hade fiynde* full fel^ fild of all goodis, 
11388 And as plentutu of pepull aa Prtam hym-seluyn. 

Antenoi also was abill of fryndM, 

Large of alisonce, loaet witAin : 

A Siche mon of Eentte«, Reliksf ynow, 
11392 And fele of afTynit^, fiat folowet hym after. 

Thies Guiset of fe case hade comynt wi'tA the t)»j hi< nindij 

, Mgigsd to tebv 

giekes, ibadtx. 

Hom-aelayn to sane & hor sad fiynde^ 
Hor KiMet, hor lUches, hor telikss also, 
11396 ffor daongei, oi deiie, depely asaniit. 

J^antbekyngTutoconncellcomaandhombothe, Muattfiii 
To appere in his presens Jiat purpos to end, 
ffoi to trete of a trew qwill the tyme hade. 

, Google 


B oc> iivin. 11400 And to dere horn wi'tA dethe, yf destany wold, 
]}an ))ai comyn to pe kyng wi'tA company grete. 
Of annyt men all somen, abUl to fight. 
(toL uia,) XhiiB Pnam persaynet of the prise hoge, 

rhe iHuiiimtiiiii 1 1 404 And sent to his son to ees at |)at tyme. 

The next day anone, the noble t^g Prnua 
Somond all the cite eomyn to appere, 
To carpe of a councell, & kyth hym Lor wit, 
11408 And to mell in the mater wit% his men alL 
Eiuu idTtiai Wien thai comyn were to courtte, this cutset 

attnttft Eneas 

fferkit vppon fote and to ^e folke said : — 
" Sow, sirs, hit is sothely, me semes, for fB best 
11412 ffor to proffer hom pea, and purrey ferSon." 
r^^on* ■^^ ^ citizens, sothely, aasentid pervrith, 

""^ ffor )>ai knew not the caste of the curset chefe. 

The kyng to the komyna carpit ^ayne ; 
11416 To pat of Jnt purpos he paynet hym sore. 
Eneas witA Envy t^urly saide : — 
" Sir kyng, of this case caipe fan no ferre ! 
"We Willi treate of a ttew, I tell the for sotlie, 
II420 Whether ftm will, or Jon wilnot, wit Jioii for- 
Bothe 1 " 
Priuo, taiiai h* Than Fmm pereaynit all the pepnll hertis, 

uiitmtT, And feld well hit fortherit not the fireiha to 

™ wttA-etond ; 

Hym was leuer to the ledia lelly assent, 
11424 Than gracche )>ere ^ayne, & grone hym Je farre. 
He said hom full soberly with a soie hert, 
" Dos of ^is dede as you deie thinke, 
I assent for my-selfe, and sadly afferme." 
11428 jMn Jwi comynd in the cas, castyn hor wittes, 
ftBiuoriidiom And wttA charge of bat choise erend choayn 

Ehwte. Antenor, 

Aa grettist by agiement, wtVi the greke* to tretc^ 
And punew for pes : this pwpoe fai tokyn. 



IH32 Ijan t>e troieus, full tjte, tumyt to pe walles, Booiixrrai. 

With bnonchea full brode all of bright Olyue, Tt« rrqj.n. 

As in proffer of pes puttyn O loile, nii> wia, dUh 

All the ledis on to loke, Jut lay in )« feld. *^ 

11136 Than tliegreke«,byagrein6nt,gfffenhomasigne, tim Gmb on- 

By condeth to come, & carpe what hom list«. 

Thau vent fro the wallea worthy Antenor, (m. it* h) 

Post at a port to the pale tentUs. ftuBibadv. 

11 WO The grekM on the grene greidly hym met: uu oil^*' 

To Agamynon gay tent gone all in fere, 

And present hym prestly to fe prise kyng, 

Agamynon the grete, & the grekes aU. 
11444 To Dyamed the Uuke, & doghty Vlixes, Dk™*»«rf 

Aseentid full eone all the sad pepull, ■tnuMd to tnu 

To treto wi'tA Antenor trustid horn ^an. 

Thie forward to fulfill faithly thai swere, 
11416 Yppon Bolempne aacrilice, soche as ^ Tset 

paa the kynges into counsell caghton Antenor, 

And menyt of jMre mater mote at Jie tymc^ 

There he hight hom to haus, holly at }>ere wille, hi pnmiHi u 
11452 All the toon Jiurgh his trayne, & the true kyng, irhimHif. jGnw. 

ffor to bete doun & bren vnto the bare erth. proinnT, mn 

Hym-eelnyn to sane and his eib fiyad«<^ "*'**■ 

And Eneas al o and all his sute hoole, 
11456 WM Eenttea, <fe Riches, & all his Eanke godea. 

This in counsell to kepe &o knowing of other. 

Lest hit put of hor purpos, & poire at ^ end, 

All affennyt in faith of fo taiie soneTyn, tiib tcnai >n 

11460 And knit vp ^ere couenaunte in coue/i to hold, iktoct )• nr'tm. 

Kyng Taltill ))ai toke as tristy to seme, 

)}at was greuit on ground, groaund in age, 

ffor he sbuld lightly be leuyt witA ledis of troy. 
11464 Because of bis cotage was kelit wttA age, 

He shttld tume to the toon, fo traytoars witA 

To spii at hom specially of hor spede fer ; 



BoakXTTin. If ^ hade ville to Je werke, vete hom to say, 

1 1168 WM-outyn gawdya or gyle, glose Ht not lengar, 

And what godea )iai wold gyffe to the gtet 

To affinne hit aa fast, fynally for eaer, 
Antniw dtrnud* Antenor also ongardly desyiet 

1 1 472 The hody of the bold qwene, fat in the home lay, 
Pantasilia, witii pyne to pnt into graue : 
Wi'tA myche labur, at the last, )>o lordet hit 

JWn the traytor vntrew, truBfme for eothe, 
11476 Toke leae at the loidM, & lowted horn all, 
WttA TaltiUas, ^t other >at I told first. 
And Boghtyn to Jie Cit4 eontyn belyue, 
Past vnto Pwam, present hor wille, 
11480 All the case of hor come, oantly wi't^ mowthe. 

The secund day snyng, sayes me the lettnr, 

Priam, the prise kyiig, prestly comanndit 

All the buemeB of the burghe, bacheler & other, 

11484 To appere in hia preaena the prefer to moke, 
And the tale of Anteuor vntriaty to here, 
Of hia message by months, what he mene wold. 
When fiai comyn were to court, comyns & other, 

11486 Antenot his tale tombly b^;an. 

He thoght his falshed to feyne, Tndur faire 

And his cautele to colour vnder coynt epeche. 
t He said in his sermond, fat sothely the grekM 

1 1 492 Were of pepull & pouer plamtius mony ; 

And how ]iai depely dcKyret wttA a due hert, 
To bane anertie full sad of a syker pea. 
Thns aot«lly witft sothyn he set hom a cas, 

11496 What fortune might falle vndur fals colour. 

}}an nemmyt he what uoy, the noble men of troy 
Enduret on dayee, dole for to se : 

, Google 


WttA Teping & waile, wo to be hold, BaokixTin. 

1 1 500 And my che aykyng & sorow on oar sad knigbU*: 

" To absteno of fie etouro & our stitlie hannea, 

Soche langour to let, & lods vnituTB, 

Hit is wit, as I weDe, wayea to aeche, s*>tiwtiH 

11504 Socbe dole & deire to diyne to an end." UHtonHim- 

)}an he aaid in his aaw, ])at Bothely the grekea 

Wold not agre to fat graimt,bDt for a grete sowme 

Of gold, & of godis, Si of gay luellis, 
1 1 508 WttA Btnff to leatore for hor stith liaimya. (M. its ».} 

Wherfora, to qwheme & to white T8 of ekaithe, ndtoHt iiHDt 

Euery boeme in fis burgh, fat is beet storit uiagntarioid. 

Of meblys, A money, & of main aylaer, n^nS^'"^ 

11512 Helpis now bertelj ^ie lianne to rediesse : 

ffor bettui ia a bneme by hym. amn pea, 

J^tn in wandieth & woo to wepe all his lyue. 

And for he kowth not by conrae come to an end, 
11516 All fen wille for to wete at |ra wale tym^ 

He couet at the kyng, & all the kyd pepnll, 

Eneas eftsoues |iat erand for to wend 

"Wi'tA bym-aeluyn, fer^oUie, on fe same nedia, 
11520 All fen wille fot to wete & wsyne at fie last, 

And for fe grete of ^ greket shold no gawde 

Bnt lene hit more lelly Se liatyn the bettor. 

All the pepull in fat prssse, ^at the proae herd, Tb*Tn>iui> 
11524 Afermyt hit as fyn ^t fe freike said. mwuhAntmir 

Eneas after thia, enyn wi'tA fat other, toUuoneto. 

And Taltilos, tombly to fe tenttee yode. 

All the conncell fro konrtt was clenely dep«rtid. 
11528 Prtam wttA pite faa past to bis halle, 

Myche water he wepplt wringyng hia bandw. 

Hit waa dole to the dethe f e Dake to behold, Prinn lumia 

Ener hedyng in hert of the hegh treason, 
11533 jMt was cast for fe kyng, of bis kyde trjndet; 

) by Google 


Baoknvm. And for the loaae and the lore of his lene aons, 

J}at eo d&wlj were ded, and drepit for a;, 
80 worthy in wer, & so wale knightes. 
11536 )»t he left was lyoe his lure was so hoge I 
Hannrtiinqp "And now is nedfoll for noye, bat neshiB at 

UitOiHln: hond, 

All my gold fbi to geue. Jut I getyn haue, 
Kepid in hotd, holdyn full long ; 
II640 And I vnsuie of uty-self, my sorow is the more. 
p\ia in pooert am I pyght, put vnder fote, 
Jjat make« me full mad, & moumes in my heit ; 
mnd hu no ■•■ And yet this lure were but litle, & our lord wold 

11S44 )}at I might leng in my laund, & my lyf hane." 
Thus Prtam witft pit6 playnet hya doole, 
On what wise for to wirke wist not hym-seluyn. 
(M. i» a.) He was forset vniaite to folow [«re wille, 

11648 })at purpost ham plainly to put hym to dethe. 
Elan |)at euermore was egnr of aorow, 
Hiinpb^iwtth Held tell of the tiety was takyn wttA thegrekes. 

HsdteiHrto P^ noble on a u^ht, ^t no man peisayuil^ 

""••'"■ 11562 To talke witA Antenor toke ho the gate. 

Sho pfoyet hym pourly witA hir pure hert, 
Of Menelay, hir maistur, to make hir a fiynde ; 
And proket hir pes wttA his prt'se woidea, 
11556 }}at she might at pat myschefe to mercy be 
All grauntid the gome to pe gay qwene, 
ffor to proker hir pes, & pyne hym ferfore : 
Pan ho lowtid the lede, & hir leue toke, 
1 1560 And past to the palis of the prise kyng. 

Witft-in the tyme Jwt I teU, J» tm sun of 

Pr»m, — 
Glaucon, was gr&uyn in a gay towmbe ; 
And the body of fo bold qwene broght vnto 


) by Google 


11564 Pautasilia, viVi petie of hir prise maidons. b« 

Hit vaa ordaot of all men by oppon assent, 
)>at Fhilmen the fre kyng ahuld feik hit hym 

WiVi, tlu bmJr of 

And bryng on a. bere to hir burgh home, baowDiui 

1 1568 To be enterit in a towmbe, aa a triet qwene, 

And laid by hir legia, ^t the lond agbt. 

Eneas eftii pia Egnr of will, 

Antenor, also, angardl; fast AntaooTud 

11572 To the gieks« on |)e grene girdyn on swith, uuarHT^p, 

£for to tiete of hor trayne as traytouris TnlelL C^J. ™^ 

There met Jtai pa men, fiat I mynt Siei, 

Jlat were gianntid by the greto of the grek^t all, 
11576 ffor to mell in ^e mater, & meue to an end. 

The towne to betray truly ^u ^oght : 

And of Elan, euermore, egerly fast Haukis 

)}ai meuit vnto Menelay at the mene tyme ; ^j^,, Hdu. 
11580 And had gi&unt of ^t grete witA a good wille, 

All hir gilt to forgifi', and to grace take. 

Than Agamynon, as grettiat, fo grete for to (hLmt.) 

Dyamede he demyt, & doughty Vlixes, — Dicnwo un 

11661 With tbo worthy to wend to the wale towne, uTrof 1««" 
As in mansr of mess^e fire the mayn grekec. „a s^^' 
When ^ai comyn into courtte the comyna were 

Sot ^ai wise were of wit, & worthy men bothe. 
11588 )>ai hopit well the heldoi to here of an end. 

And the traitur {nii trist of a tru pes. 

The next day onone, as the night past, 

By comanndement clenly the councell was gednrt, itatatjo>» 
11693 AU the pepull to the |hiUb of the prise kyng ^^JMTo^mdi 

Were aasemblit full Bone, set all ahoute. ^ "" '■'™- 

Ylixea full lyrely Tp olofte said : — nijun uttm tt, 

" The grekes for hor greme vnto gie asken peM«i- 

11696 Gret sommes, for«othe, to hor sad harmes. 

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Bothe of gold & of goodes, ei |)6i go ville, 

ffoi the losse & the lure of hor lef p«pull ; 

And Amphimakut, the fre sun of the fjn kjng, 
b^b^ftomtha 11600 To be exiled for euermore, as Enmy of toiine, 
*'*'• Neuer in plit to Bepaire to his pure &7ndis, 

Ne the Cit6 to se, while hym-selfe lyues." 
Th» ofl* of This prokert full preatly wttA prayer before, 

bud ban uksd 11601 The tmytoT Antenor to the tra kynges; 
nvMigi toe fior ^at noble hjm denyet naitly or Jian, 

ttw^llrtiS^ "WTien he proffert to pj-iatn pes for to make. 

Lo ! bow fortherii a freike wttA a fyne wit. 
How p«tiio<» 11 n 608 ffor to kepe hit in close, & carp bit no fer ; 
■PMk u» tntii In To speike in despite fe Spedis no more, 

Mdidon; But hyndrea full heghly & harmys hym-seliijm. 

Lo ! Ampbimac the fie, for bis fell woides, 
11612 Was dampnet in-dede, ^of )>u da frere ; 

Ellis the traytor Antenor bade tmly no cause 

fTot to procnr bis payne, and his pole barme. 
bnt ood oAen But god, )iat all giltis godely beholdis, 

(KiLmit.) 11616 And vrangis in bis wrathe vritbis to ground, 
^ oUiHi. Oil^tbes in the same settis to &11 

iiiTm^untd br -^ ^"^ ^'^ M'' incBure he metis tiU another I 

*'™*' To Antenor hit tide, tellia the stoiy, 

11620 An exile for euermoie eftei a wbile, 

Tbnrgb Eneas, Jwt egurly exit Jerto, 

As I shall tell fall tite, wben the tyme askes. 

While tbies kynge* were in conncell, fat comyii 
fio [« grekes, 
iitt»T>ii>ii 11624 Wi't/iin the palia of prise, as tbe prose tellus, 
aj to htud. There was an orible noise, fiat noyet bom full sere. 

As a clamour or a crye of a cant pepull. 
As ))ai satyn all eomyu sodainly come, 
11628 Vne playne in tbe place Jere Jie pn'se met. 
iMomcdMuid ffor douto of hor dethea, tho d<%hty men bothe 

ottMr uw Were a-ferd of tbe &ire and the fell noise. 

) by Google 


Lest the tioiena for tene hade takon horn sone, Buk xtviil 

11632 And dtmgen to dethe for dole of the knight, 
Amphimacotu the fre, }at the freike« louet, 
ffor ertyng his exile in emeat before. 
Hit Toe Bspiet Aill Specially, & spiid all abovte, " 

11636 The cause of the crie and the cent noiae ! a 

There was do vegh in this world, ^t hit wete 

Ne to mene in hoi mynd ivhat hit mena ahnld. 
The kyi^ & the conncell caatly can riae ; t 

11640 Dep«rtid the pepoll, past to )ie tonne w 

Botha knighte* & comyna, and the oonrt Toidet. 
Thb ta^ttob Antenob toke into connsell, 
Dyamede he drogh fnrth, & dughty Vlixes, 

11614 In a place ^at was priney & no preee in. 

To forther his foole ville, ^at no &eike herd, 
Vlixea to Ihia other vtterly eaid :— c 

" Why draghes fon on diegh f%a dedia so feirt a 

11648 }}at fmi vs heghly hase het, hold hit onone I" 

Pan tolkes the troytour truly agayne :— * 

"Ourgoddiflknowenfullkyndlyjiecastofmyhert, n> 
That no dede I desyre so depely in thoght, 

11652 As your hastes to hold wi'tA helpe of Eneas. 

Lelly, the lett, ]Kit vs long taries, t- 

Is a statnr full strong of a stith god : 

pe,t ye shall lelly me lene, & yow list herkon," 

1 1656 Diamede said duly ; — " fou do ts to vete, 
Vb likes full lelly to listyn fi wordis." 
AntenoT fan talkis, & told on ^is wise : — 
" Hit is lelly no lesyng, lene if ye will I 

11660 There was a kyng in (his cost, fiat the kith aght, 
Honereble, anenound, & Vlus was callit 
Here foondit he first the fairs place Ylion ; 
Aftei the nome of ^at noble, nemyt hit is. i 

11664 Here he tild vp a temple of a trew godde, i 

Of Palades the pure, as prouit is of old. J 

) by Google 


Baoii nvni. Wban tbe wallce vere wroght to pa wale rofe. 

All clanlf bj course vncouert aboue, 
11668 A selly pers sene was wit?i eeremeii aboute, 
Gird to ]>e ground &o the grete heuyn, 
MiH* ia th. nn A ffypu full fyne, featnyt in the Trail, 

Piiii., ud bu Wondttrfiilly wroght by wit of a god. 

•lu!*- 11672 At die end of the aater etlit to atond, 

Euer sithen, foi-eothe, to this selfe tyme. 
KoDg bat tha Xeiur bueme waa so big to beire hit away, 

tBBpi* cm Saue fcepeis of the kirke, for craft Tppon etthe. 

11676 The mater hit is made of ifl moat of ft tra, 

But no cletke is so corioua to ken vs the nome ; 
Ne on what wise hit is wroght can wit shew, 
But )iiiTgh Falades the pure god, apperit^Jiutgh. 
11680 Seche trust baue the troiens truly ^erin, 
soioagu h While bit keppit is in kirke, or in clos walle. 

iiu uopit, ar WitA-in the cercle of fo Cit6, as said is of old, 

(diT, Tnr (w Neuer the toone sbalbe takonwM tene of bor fo^ 

i>Mt»t>k«i. 11584 j]-e care &o the corone, ne the kynd aire. 
Thus lelly beleujn tbe ledia of f e toune. 
And ueuer dowtyn no detbe to dere horn wttA-in. 
The nome of ^ia noble, pat naitly is keppit, 
11688 Fftladion the pure, wttA pepoU is callid." 
del. ITS a.) Than Diamede the Duke duly can say : — 

iMmn(d« " Iff thy sagbes be sothe, & sad to belene, 

taimir of ttit All our labut is loet, & our long sege, 

^m^"" 11692 If Paladian witft purpos may put vs away." 

DntABtMHrMUi Antenor alstite amet to Bpeike : — 

tnnoai in tin " If yc merucU so mekyll we make you non end, 

uTp^wi!!^ ■^"'J ^^ ^0* ''''* ^^^^ °" heete* to tepe, 

i?htaS'rjil( ***^6 This ia truly the entent we tary so longe. 
«Bm or amj. J jj^^g comyut wttA the keper, & cumpast aboute, 

The stature to steile stithly by night, 
ffot a certoin somme of sylner & of gold : 
11700 And full preatly ]» prest base puinayet feriojx. 
When hit laght is lelly, leuo me foi sothe. 

) by Google 


Hit shalbe aentto your-selfe, aoche hit no ferther : «wk x: 

Paa hope may yo hertely, to hane in a while 
11701 The Cite and the soueran, seee as you likes. 

But kepis this in cotmc^ for cas )iat may falle, Mhbi 

))at no wegh in pis world wete of onr cast ; mHi 

And I will kaire to the \iyiig for a cause yet, 
11708 And feyne me witA &ie to foither onr werkis. 

1 will telle hym wi'tA trayne, J»e trist of onr emde 

le holly in his hond hengand ahone. 

I haue knawloche in )re case A coning wttft yow, 
11712 What sommys in certayu ^e sent yon to take." 

Thus wi'tA lowtyng & leue Uie ledis depertid ; 

The grebes agayne ai gon to fen l«nttea ; i»«» 

The trciytur fiill tomly tnmyt to f% kyng, «dp. 

11716 His iaiehed to forther: the fend hym distroy ! tuu 


Than corpis to the kyng curset Antenor, 

All the Cits to assemble hym-selnyn befoie. 

When comyn were the knighted, comyns, A all, At m 

11720 Thes wordes he warpit Jio worthy Toto: — Ant™ 

'* I bane oomynt in this case, knowith hit your- donu 

selfe; 2^ 

To the grekes boa vs gyffe, to gisnnt tb for pes, "'"^ 

Twenty tbowsaond thriety, ^rongyn to-gednr, 

11724 Maikes fuU mighty, all of mayn gold, (r<^ 

And of Syluer, foi-eothe, the same ]iai deseyre : unuu 
To whyte vs, of whete, qwarters pai aske ^^^ii 

X M. proly, to thiing in hoi shippes." 

11728 This oponly is ordant Jio odmen betwene. 

And specially spokyn to spede bom away, t)h b 

Be a tyme far to take, & tume to pB sea. 

Gedrit was the goode, & gon foi to kepe r^m 

11732 To Snre men Ss c«rten pat sowme to delioer, 
And take sikemes sad the CitS to leue, 
Of the giekes agayne foi the grete somme. 



'— Tnf iule Uiis gode waa in gederyng the grette* 

AntaargoHto 11736 Antenor to the temple trayturly yode ; 
bribahini In FFeuelj the prest puld ialo conncell, 

P^Ui^iB,, {Thoantea, me tellys the text, Jxit he h^ht, 

i-tHttr'^ Jjat was geeter of the gctd, fwt the gome yemyt) 

■lurdiiimHL 11740 WM a gobet of gold, a full gret somme, 
' And Thoautes betaght, tarit no lengur. 

Thiea wordes to the wegh varpit onone. 
In a place out of preae, ptiuely there : — 
11744 "Lo, of gold, & of good here a gret nowmber. 
The to Ijue witA in lykyng, & thy leue ayris. 
The god, fat fou geetis, gyf me fer-fibre, 
)>at I may beire fro the hurgh, shall no baome 
ndomwiii 11748 Thou art no forder, in faith, thy fame for to lose, 
«id Ilia ruk i> u flan I my lyffe were leuer leue in fe plase, 

piiHt'i. Er any troiens wttA truthe might telle auche a 

Or soche a point on me put iu perlament her* 
'Hendthi 11752 Therfore, priuely, by purpoB Faladian fou send 

iiiTMi; ud To honorable Ylizea, vtwith the tonne. 

"- "" If any fawte Jwr ftmden be, we faithly may aay, 

The pure kyng Paladian pn'nely atale : 
11756 And we excnsit of akathe, yf Bclatmder ah&ll 
Frestly the p7-efit hia purpoa wttA-etode 
AU the night wi'tA noy, till negh at fe day, 
Till he caght was in coaetouse, & cumbnt hym 
(ii>>.) 11760 Than grauntid he the god to the grym troytor, 
udtiHpiJiidiiiiB And toke hit fro the t«mple, taiiet no lengw, 

tamtMUiTMa. g^j. jjjj jj^^jj aodainly by a sad frend. 

To Vlixes Ttwith, egerly fan. 
11764 Hit was noisot onon in the nowble tonne, 



))at the kyng, ])iirgli Ms comyng, by craft hads Boetxxv i n. 

hit goten, ThtTn^Hiam 

Faladian, the pure god, pertly away ; moIu bj him. 

And the troiene betnotid with his triet wit. 
11768 A! God of )>is ground, who graidly may trist wbocuiw 

Any tede on to leng, as for lele true, nutiiiiiirtat 

Syn this prest fms prt'set the peptill to dissayue, ^ui owinUTr 

As a kaytif^ for couetoiae to cumber his laud J 
11772 Thia poynt is not pijnted in procea fat are 

Hit lenge« not so loi^ tho ledis witAin, 

To be cumbrid vith couetous, by custome of old, 

That rote ia & rankist of all the rif syns. 
1 1 776 There is no greuatoice ao grete vndur god one, Ttun ii no da » 

As the glQiuyiig of gold, )Kit glotte« fere hertis : cDTMoomH. 

Hit puttef the pouer of pristhode abake, 

And forgea to the fend a foislet wttA-in. (••jiirwut--= 

11780 Couetous men comynly are cald aftur ri^t, i^n, ■ •mlic- 

A temple to the tyrand, fat tiaes to syn. 

When the aoLDawasall gotyn, & the grete tas roiA. iUth, 

Of qwhete, & of qwhite syluer, qwemly to^edur, Jj^^^' 

11784 Into Myner mykell temple maynly was broght, 
And put ynto pore men till payment were made ; 
Hit plesit to Appollo, the pure god aboue, 
"With Sacrifiso solemne, besoght at )Hzt tyme, whiit ike 

1 1788 Wi'tft bestis, & briddis, britnet full numy, mnucingti] 

And the carcas full rlanly kowchit on fe aater. ^^^ ' 
Wben BjT6 ahnld be festnet in pat fyne offrond, «**«™'- 
Two mfniellis on mold maynly were shewid. Fitrt.ui.ji 

11792 The first was to fele, no tjK wold be light, qnmdud. 

^at asaait was tvH sothely of sere men full ofte : 
Ten tymea be-tyde, tellis me the lyne, 
]]at hit fest was on fyre, & flappit ont onone 

11796 Ynto amorther & smoke, and no smethe low, (M.ini 

, Google 


pi akiivin. ffor tdl the craft ^at Jtai kowthe, & the coynt 

BHDBd, u ««i* The secimd, for-Bothe, I eaid yoa before, 

tmiofim Whea tlie beatiB were britnet & bioght to pe 

■uniii,**' Nut anter, 

•^orSi° 11800 WitA the entrall enermore enyn vppo lofte, 
'*"*^ Come an Ems, fut was Sget, euer on a ciye, 

Light dowse lyuely fro the low ayre, 
Braid vp the bowelB, & hem horn away, 
1 1801 And abowvet to tiie Bhippes of the ehene greluv. 
TiHTndui, The tioienfi meraeld fall mekyll of ^ mayce 

UnUx). ink f oghle, 

riMMiiii. All stonyed ]iai Btode, atarond aboate. 

Thai wist fen goddet were gteuit wi'tA a gret 
11808 And Wiethe at the werke^ but wiet ^ai no cause. 
Cassandia to couucell, ^en call ^ai belyue, 
To haoA a dom of fat dede, if the deie bowthe. 
miadaduw The first signe, ho horn aayd, sothely was this : 

bm»hii 11812 )}at AppoUo, the pore god, was pat into wratbe, 

Moti witii Uh ffor tene of his temple was tiasit wttA blode 

Ugod siAehuiM, q£ ^gjjjjjgg ^^^^ choise, Jwt chanssit to be alayne : 

" ))at mys to amend, is maistur ye go 
1 1816 To the corse of ^t kyng in his cleane towmbe. 
Light fere a lowe lynely wtt& honde, 
Ml otj Hint ffecche bere your ffyie, & festyn on be anter, 

ft(Al(*aaakb r * J • J r t 

taoA. And )>at bren wnll full bright in the brode 

^im^-ormtK 11820 Than passid the pepnil to the pore ^ragh : 
tab) As kend horn Cassandra fti kyndlit a fiie. 

Of the second, for sothe, ho saide o this wise : — 
nit mani oBMi " This towne is betrayed, trist ye non other, 

dtrtobMnrrt 11821 And gnrantid to the greke* by gomye of your 
HUMQHitat wne." 

Calcas the cniset, ^t comynt vith the greke*, 
Bisshop of the boigh, as I aboae told, 

) by Google 


'When he wist of thiea vondiea, thies wordu hs BaAnrm. 
said : — cuoHraikHtiia 

11828 " Yonder towne wilbe tokoD in a tyme abort" tothaorMki 
tun the grekes horn graithet to a grot Sacrifice, 
Thnigh biddjDg of the bisahop & a bold pr&t, 
In honour of Appolyne angaidly thicke.* 

[AmoDgat these things, Calcu and Crlau the Priat, ocnuuelled otlcaiittdCr^ 
the Qrutu th»t they should make a greU Horee ot Brang, Bad omiud iii* 
that moft be ao great aa might hold within it a thonnnd j^****"™*"* 
knighia umed ; and the; said tmlofaim that it iraalhepleaaure e^autofTSdiv 
of the godM. Thii hone was made b; a paaring wise Hiwter, ■uuhudiI 
M ApioB was, whose name was Sinon, and he made it ao aab- knlchB, 
till;, that no man oould peioairs any entry or imue, bnt wilUn 
it WH eaale for them that wera Incloeed within for to iasoe out 
when the; would. 

When tiie great hone waa full; made, and the thonaand Ttaantkt 
kaighta therein, b; the coumell of CHsii, tliej pra;ed tba King dMLniiuu Prim 
Priramiu, that he woold Buffer this horae to enter into the oit;, wui«iio»t""'» 
and that it might be w( in the Temple of PallaB, forasmaah as m^HI^Fiuu. 
the; Baid, that the; had made it in the honour of hllaa, for a 
Yowe that the; made tor Teetitntloo of tiie Palladiam, which 
the; had eaiued to be taken out of the same Temple. 

Among these tfaingg, the Frinoea that were ;at within Tra;, Tbt ilUo of 
when the; saw that the King had «o ihamefollj treated with ^'pS^!^ 
the Qreekea, the; went awa; out of Tro;, and tooke their men ^^ij^ a^ 
with them, and the King Phylomeniu led no mora but two mKaj, diput 
hundred and fifty men, and threescore nia;d<ns of Amasones, from thi dty. 
that ware left of a thonaand that cams thi&er with the Queen tIh Amwn^ 
Fenthadlla, and canyed the body of her with them, and ^^^^^^ 
trauelled ao long IJU tite; oame to their owne Countiy. y,^ Qom, m 

■ FoL ISO is awanting in MS, Sea Note. 

:ec by Google 

^t xxix Bolu : ®S tfie tait^ng of tl|e touiu, 
anb tfie i^ at Xtps Retain. 

Tba Omki ud Then eam« the day that the Greeks should iweftre the p«SM 

TrqiuamHiu faEnedly vpon tbo plaine field vpon tie Sanotuarias. King 
nair Uh tnMj. PriamuB imued out of tha City and his people, and swart there 
each party to hold the peace flnnely from thenoeforth on : and 
DiomedeB swore first to the Greeks : after, when they had 
broken the peaoe that they bad treated with Antfaenor of that 
thing that they concluded after, and tberelbre they maiiibiyiied 
that the; were not forsworne by that ooloor,] * 

(bL 181 a.) 1 1832 Bat in proaerbe hit ia pat witft prise men of wit, 
'Who ^t Bweyrea to be awike, lie forawome 
Dm Omki fwiu Hus the grete of the greke* grymly Jiai Bware 

tanhfuU]' : ffast pes to afferme, & flit of the londe. 

thanPriunind 11836 Priam on his part, & his priee knightes, 
Sweiyn all swiftly, Si no svyke thoghtyn : 
So wend he full welo, po worthy kyngia all 
Hade no malia in mynd, ment at the tyme. 
> 11840 JJan honerahle Elan fat abiU deliuert, 

Comeadyng )>at clere all wt'tA cloise wordoe, 
Froyng the pn'se men wi'tA [hie] pnie hert, 
)}at no hannys fat hend ahuld haue of hit lord. 
11844 Thai heght hym full hyndly his heet«« to kepe. 
And bis deeyre for to do, f o dukes ychoo. 
The gteke« foivgete nogbt of the grete trayne, 



Prayd to Pnam for a gret vow, 
11848 ffor to hale in a horse haStely of bras, 

FaladeB to pies wi'tA, er pai paase ftuih, 

And at Hyneis mayn temple make hit to etomid. 

Thie conet ^o ijnges, & the caaee made 
11852 ffoi the palladi&n thai pullit of ^ puie temple, 

Jiat )«i Sayle might in boudcI, & hor sute hoole, 

Lest the goddes in greme gert hom to lose 

Botbe hor flete & hoi folke with a felle storme. 
11856 Pnam, at ^is prayer, aperit not sone, 

Ne grauntid not the gr^et fat the gtet jeniet. 

Eneaa )>an ertid Egorly fast, 

And Antenor also, the ahill kyng to : — 
1 1860 " Hit is due to be done, & dontlee," ^ai saide, 

" The sight is full solenme, the Ctt^ to haue 

Ay laatond to long, ^t ledis may knowe 

Pai soche acord was h«re knyt with, kyng«« for 
11864 The kyng affirmet the faitoois, & no iraud pi1uiioob«u> 

Daire deesiie for to do demyt onone. 

))an payet kyng Fi-iam all the pore sowmes btom nyimt 

Of gold, & of gay syluer, & of goode whete : (nmmti Ugdia, 
11868 All )ai shot into ship on )ie shiie water, ' ' 

And made hom Bedy to Bode on fe rough 

All the grekdf hom gedrit, the grettist & other, 

'WiU^ Sacrifice solenme, synging of prestys : (bi. lu tj 

11872 WttA prof ession Jt prise pnld fiuth the horse unnwiv ibi 

To a Side of the Cit^ and set at ^ yate. loitenibir 

Hit was so body of brede, & of brem heght, ^^' 

There was no entre wttA ease abill Jierfore : 
11876 ban the warpit downe the walle, & the wale PDtort)M*.u 
tome, >dmuiii 

Bothe obreade & aboue brekyn the yatee, 

TyU hit might entur at ease, euyu as hom list. 

, Google 


°"*^"^' .. J'*" f^ Citaayns, wtfA aoDg & solenmete giete. 

On Trqjmni (i™« 11880 Hsllt forth the horse to fe hegh temple. 
<rUh ihoau of Hit ia stud oftsythes witft sen mec of elde. 

The last loy of ioly men lojnye vitJi sorow. 

Thiea buemea of the buigh blyndit were euyll, 
Ttiiir v^tMnc 11884 ))ai halit in no hone, but hor haid deth, 
•oRoir. Oppreesion and payoe, pyt^ for ener ; 

And ay lashmd lure for lakkyng of wit ! 

One Symon, a euro mon, aasignet was ^ key, 
11888 J)st was of gon^maunse graith, by the giekM all, 
To warp ap a wicket, & waite on the tyme, 
And the dunes to vndo of the dregh hoise. 
wium (b>Tndu» But SO fiist the Clt^ were on slepe fallyn, 

si^""u™n 11892 And bn^ht into bed, aa horn beat Ijked : 
hmw imflw th* i*"^ the ffreike ahuld fruaahe out, & a fyre make, 

(Inaki lui» oat, ^j jjgjjj. ^ ^ j^^ ^^jj ^ [jgjjj. ^^^^ 

))at the oat might haue entre eiiyn aa horn liked. 
1 1896 And the bettur in the burgh bale for to wirke, 
TddMaivatiM The same day, sothely, the Citi waa takon, 

SjiS^^d To Prjam, the prtee kyn^ thai pnroait a 

Said hom-aelayn wold saile samyn fro troy, 
1 1 900 And tume vnto tenydoim, & taiy yen a qwyle, 

Preuely the pert qwene by ptiTpoa to take, 

ffor clamur & crie of the comyn folke : — 

The murmur waa mykell of pa mayn pepull, 
11904 Lest )iai dang hir to dethe in hor dull hate. 

Hit plesit well Priam ^at pttrpoa to hold, 

ffor he hedit no harme, ne no hate thoght ; 

To fe gawdea of the grekes gefe he no kepe, 
(M. mo.) 11906 But all aemyt hym full aothe the aawe of ^ 
•nummTnri kyngss. 

J)an the giekes by agrement gild into ahippe ; 

"Wttft proeee and pree puld Tp fere ancrea ; 

Laonchit fro the laond to the low aea; 

, Google 


11912 And fajme were the freikes of pa taha towna BvAtux. 

Pm tuiaet vne to teny don, & tariet all fere, 
Before the sottynB of the (ran, says me the lyne, '**" *™^ "^ 
Wt'tA melody, & myrthe, & myche loirde songe, 

11916 And there taried on the town till horn tjme 
"When the day onerdrogh, & the derke tohb, J^J^"'"' 
All bownet horn bigly in hor bright wedid ISmThlSfin 

"Witft. SilenB full soberly ,—waa no soune herd, — "* ™1- 

11920 And soghtyn furth to the Cit4 on a sop bole. 
This Sjmon, for«othe, I said yon before, 

)}at hade the keyes to kepe of yt cloise horse, ^^^ "* 
When the bnemes of the bonih were biOKht Hi»p,siaaii 

optna ths wlcliei 

Tpon alepe, i»u»tamMo 

1 1921 He warpit vp a vicket, wan hom witA-oute^ thi iiciiiii an. 
Light Tp a low, the ledis might know. 

jMn gediyt the grekes to f6 graith tokyn, 

ffnuhet in felly at the &ire rates, ThaOntkinidi 


11928 )}at biokyn was on brede for tho bright horse, bnkan «c ; jo<a 
The knightw in the closet comyn out nrithe ; ^ud tnm Um 
Settyn into the Cit6 aU the sad grek»; ^^^ciJ^*^ 

Brentyn and betyn donn all the big houses ; ^^^ *** 

11932 The pepnll wttft pyne pnttyn to dethe; 
Bnemes in hor bednes britnet all naked, 
JXX hedit no hanne, ne no hate ^oght 
Noght died ^ the dethe ne dere of hor fos : 

11936 Broghen rp dnrs, dnngyn donn yatis; 

Brdcyn into bildynge>, britnet the pepnll ; 
Wemen & wale children walton to gionnde : 
Hade no pyt4 of the pome, put all to dethe ; 

11940 Kobbet Jwre Eichea, left hom hor lyues, SlTlMr 
Qenunes, & lewels, lobbes of gold, niubiH. 
Fesis, Se platis, pollssliit vessell, 

Mony staiond stone, stithest of vertue. 

11941 Twenty thowBsnnd, Jiroly, Jial ^rong to the dethe C*'- '*"^ 
Jjat tyme in the toun, as the tale shewes ! i«rt«ti mam •stj- 


Pw*'ni. The dyn & the dite was dole for to here, 

Of men ^t were martheret at the meane ^nue 
PriMD. KOMd 11948 Kyng Pram the pit^ penaruit onone, 
■bririu ud The rewerd & the ruBshyng of )ie ranke sorow 

p«9K Haki Of Eneas, ]»t egerly ertid his harme. 

umpi* of Atolls, He nuahit vp full ntdly, raght to his clothes, 

11952 Soche as happit hym to hent, hade he no wale : 
He highit of his h&lle hard to the temple 
There appollyne was onered, he etlid to bide : 
WjtA-outen hope of his heole hetnriy he weppit. 

Aj|*viM^ 11966 W^hen the derke waa done, & the day epiange, 
^^orind uu The grekw by fere gydes of the great trwytouris, 

piiM>: Entiid into ylion egetly fast : 

No defence pai fere found in tbe faire place, 
*nu«patii> 11960 And dyden all to the dethe wttA-outen djn 

Pimia to the prise temple preset ftill hard, 
Prntiu sodi Of honorable Appollyne, ae Antenor bade, 

Prlmn In tin ie: j • 

uafit, and Otjt There, Vrixai the prise kyng prestly thai founde, 

11964 Abydyng his bona & hia bale detha 
Firms full prastly, wttA a prise swerd, 
Brittoned ^le bold kyng & his blod shed, 
J)at the stremys full stitbly atert on )ie auter. 
11968 On seand the saniB mon the Boaera}^ betrayed, 
Eeaha the honerable egeily flogh 
With Follexena the pert, hir pi-tBe doughter ; 
Bnt fai wist not, l-wia, on no wiae where 
1 1972 fibr to hide hom fro hanne : ))an happit horn to 

The traytor wt'tA tene, vntristy Eneaa. 
Thiee wordes (tat worthy warpit hym to : — 
" A ! traytor vntrew, how toke fon on hondo 
11976 Pti trew to be-tray, ^t trist in ^e euer, — 
Thy lege & )ii lord, pat the loaet wele, 
And mycbe good hase pe gyfien of his gold red 1 


Thou hase led to ^i lord, ^t hym lothe was, Boakxxig. 

11980 Hia fomen full fel« tho^li falshod of the ; 

And donA hym to dethe dolefully jDow, (ftiLisiB.} 

t^at thy-selfe ahuld baae socourd, hade {Km ben 
sad tru. 

The boi^ theie }h>u borne was, baillfully dio- 
11964 To ee hit leme on a low, laithis not fi heiil 

Jet haue pyiie & compassion of this pure maidon ; sbe iiimIi wiih 

Put hir in some place tio perisahyng of hondes, Faij»wi 

pat the grek«s hir not get, ne to grem brynge, 
11988 Ne defoule hit vnfaiie, & in filth holde I" 

The wordea pn'cket hym wHA pit4 of ^o pHse 

FoUexemt, the pert he pnld out of ^long, toll""" *"" 

Hid hit in a howle ynd^ a h^h towte, 
11992 And keppit hit fall close, fiat clere out of s^ht. 

Telamon full trte to the temple yoda Ttfuun n«« 

Of Myner the mighty, wj'tA a mayn fare, cmuidm. 

And diogh out Andiomaca, Jtot in diede was, — 
11996 Worthy Ectora wife, & a wale maidon, — 

Cassandra the clene, & keppit horn bothcL 

And Menelay the mighty his myld qwene Elan, iieiMiHu vith 

ffro the pales he pnld of the prise kyng, hioml 

12000 ffiill ghtd of )iat gay, & of good chere, 

As mery of ^t myld as a mon thntt. 

paa the grekys fnll glad gyffon to red, Tb*i3iHki«t 

nion to on«rtnme angardly sone, tBaupuo*: 

13004 And the Inldyngea bete donn to the bote erthe. 

All the cit^ Tnaaktely fiu set vppon fyre, 

Wi tA gret launchannd lowee into the light ayte ; 

Wroght vndet walles, wait horn to gronud ; 
12008 Grete palie of pnse put into askys, 

WttA fiammes of fyre ineise to behold ; 

And all the Cit4 vp soght to pe sad walles. 

In the burgh ])tti forbere byldyng^ mony, 



B<<*™^ 12012 There aa certain aeignes were set vppolofte, 
bGt tba houH Of the traytor Antenor, <& his tm fere, 

AnUniii m Eoeas also : anger horn betide I 


(ibi. iss b.) When the Cit^ waa sesit & eetcbet to the last, 

AonumnsB 12016 Agamynon the grekw gedrit to a couiisell, 
oMm iB Dm Into Miner mayn temple Jio mighty bedene, 

MiMm, ffor to speke of hor spede in a apace ^en. 

pen fraynet the iieke at fm fre kyngis, 
12020 Wethir |iai conenand wold kepe to fe kene 
)}at betoke hom fa tonn hy treeon to hane ; 
And Jw gode, futt was getyn, graidly to part 
Amonge men of might, fai most had diaserayt 
TiuT*(n>to 12024 )]e onawar of all men wax openly ^is, 

pnDiHtotht Euen the couenand to kepe, as be caa was, 

(nllan,>Bdta i ■ i — > 

diTid* lb* ipoa ))ai betiat hom )>e touu, & hor truth hold ; 

And ^ ryches full Tjt, )iat lobbet waa ^re, 
12028 To be delt to pa dughti vppon du wyse, 

Aa ^ sothly deaaerayt wi'tA hor aad atrenkith. 
to"tKSl^^ Aiax to Elayn was angardly wrothe, 

dMh. Demyt hir to )ie dethe wt'th dole at ^e tyme, 

12032 fforfe wortiiy in were ^twastid were ^urghliir: 

And mony kyng in ^ ease hia counsell alowet. 
AfHBtBMn, Agamynon ^ giete, and hia gomys all, 

nijwi pind ror WM ^ might of Uenelay, & |)aire men hole, 

12036 All fie here )iat Jhu hade, witA helpis of othir, 

Were bya^ tto bale deth fie burd for to sane ; 

Sot all pe company dene weie cast fer agayn. 
T^^^»(w»«««r Bnt VliieB, euennore egerly fast, 

12040 Declaret hom ^ cause wtlA his clere Toyc, 

pat pe grete by E^rement gnnmtid hir lyue. 
cawndn 1. ]}e EmperouT Agamynon angardly swith 

ig,n„n^ Couet Caasandra, be cause of reward, — 


12044 PriamB pore dnghtei, pertist of wit, — Bookzzix, 

And all greimtid ^e grete viih a gode wilL 
Ab foa kyngw in coimsell were comynyng to- 

Eneas c^erly, enyn wt'tft Antenor, wu mi mii 

12048 Put hym in prise & i^offerit to say ; fi»^i^^ 

|M dede of Andromaca dnli Jni told, ■n' Hrinn 

And haw ElynuB ^erly ertid fe lordis 
To pursu for ))e pes to pe pnie grekiB ; 

12052 And how at praier of ^t pure ^ pnse kyng 
Waa gnmntid to be granyn, A gyuyn to his 

Pat woithi }td wilnet cJ wo to delyuer, 
And grauntid fo gnte witA a glad chere. TiHirnqniMi. 

120(»6 Elynut egeil; for Ectois childur Btmuuid 

Fniet to ]ki prineee, and hor pun modw : fiMatcrB^tor-t 

And f» lordia to ]» litill fie lyuys ban gmnntid, n,B«t li ot om 
Namly Pimm, Jat purport to pnt horn to deth, EJ^i^rtL 

12060 Aasentdd to ^ same wtt& a sad giaonL 

))en ordant afterward fta honourable kynge», 

pat all fe worcbipfoll wemen of J« wale tonne, "» '»'*• ^™" 

Pai left were on lyae, bane leoe forto wend, ti>ibpui« fj- 

12064 I^use at hor lykyng, no Isde forto hanne. 
Jien pw^oet fa playnly to pas oute of land, 
£fro troT forto tume, & toir no lencrur : na aermum <d 

Bat ya atormjB were bo stitb, & etuyng of daiv^tr 

1S068 More ^n a moneth mygbt ^ not pas. 

t>en come [xu to Galcaa ^ canae forto wete, 
Of )« wedur so wikkid, & ^ wan stormys. 
He said bom, foTBothe, be sayntiB of hell nmoMft. iwk 

12072 Wera wode in hor werki? for wreke of Achillee ; xui aauK^iA. 
)]at no den for bis deth was don jet jmogh, 
fioT h« wt'th treson in Jw temple vntruly was 

) by Google 


Bob* ITU. ")ow moet sle ffor ^t same, jour aayntia to 

poIt»»>> -bo plese, 

oriiiiii«tii, 12076 J}at was cause of hia ctuabraose, & keppit is on 

FjrThia luiM jMn Pimu witA pyne put hym to setche 

PnifiniM: Of Folexena ^ pert, in priuet6 holdyn, 

(M. iMt.) ))at was cause of fo cumbianse of his kynd 

12080 And nothir takyn Jiat tyme, ne tyruTt to deth. 
AgHHniiHD Agamiuoa full graidly goa to Antenor, 

inunorngua- fiiayuyt at hym Mkl; of ^at &e ntayden : 

liuhoui nuMM. He denyet hym onon, )Nit noqweie he knew 

12084 \}a.t commly be keppet, ne in cloese haldyn. 
jMn imthid ^o worth! for wont of )>e hurde. 
And tenyt fnll tite for taiying so longe. 
Antenor, after ^is augur, persayuyt 
12068 )]at ))e kynget ffor ])at clere bad caght kym in 
And ))oght fully his fanlshed folow to an eud. 
He besit hym bariy fie bnrde forto seohe, 
Thuight ^ cit^ bym-selfe, and ser men of heat, 
AftHmurd^ 12092 ffele dayee bedene, or ho |iat dere fonde : 
dimnn bv fa Till he ospiet blr wit/i spit, by speiyng of othir, 

" **""■ Doune in a dungion, don for to kepe, 

A tyme for to tarie, of a touie olde. 
12096 te losell to >e lady launchid full swithe. 
Braid bir out bigly hi fie biyght armya. 
Present fiat pert to ^e prise kyngea. 
shciiMntto Agaminon fiat gay gert forto send 

pnp^to 1 2100 To PirruB fat presound, preatly onone ; 

kuwr'Vufab. And he cast hym ^t coomly to cut into pesia, 

ffull tite on fie toumbe of his tru fadrtr, 
Aa this lady was led toll hir last end, 
12104 Kingie comyn cantly ^t cutnly to se. 
)» pnpull had pit£, & preait full fiik 
To se ^ lonely be lost, ^ no lak did. 

:ectv Google 


All ya foike wok Tnfayn, & of ^ will 

Hit hade doatlea ben done, and hiiti deth voidid, : 

Had not Calcas be curait catpit before, *"* (^ia> 

bat neuer bo lordia to bot londie Ivaely sbuld ibL tua.) 


wyn, ' nutmnua 

12112 Till ho duly vera ded & dressit in pesis. 

When )iis bnrd waa brogbt to ^e bare toamb, 

Ho aakewsit hir of skatfa, & sklaunditr of bis 

)>at neu^ ho ynst of ^ verke, ne in will ^oght BbttttOm 
13116 tat ^e dngbti shnld degb, till bit don was. konit^of, 

Jm kyrtgis and Jie comyna bad core at (laire heites, ttrnttina' 

To BO ^t &e be SaTfaTyn, ]iat no faut did : 

All ])ai sparit pai apeciall to spill at ^e tyme, 
12120 To periche Jiat pure pit4 ^ had ; 

But ho doutid no deth in [hir] du lyght, 

fTor hit laithit hir les fien on lyue be. 

Synho home waea bnrd of a blodnolnll, BotAawiu 

1 21 24 Comjn of a kyng & a clene maydyn, ue w«d<«i to 
Hir was leusr in hir lond out of lyue pas, ' 
Pm be defonlit in Altb wttA febill of astate ; 

Or be led of hire lond witA a lede stnnmKe ; « U" ^oi 

12125 Set vndur B«ruage and eorow for euer, lUnniibH 
WttA fw foBe of hir fadur, & bii fre kyn. 

And bir brethir had britnet, & brogbt vnto end. 

"Me is leuoi," quod Jiat louely, "in my lond 
12132 J>en be ezild for enermors, ordond in sorow; 

In othir pronyna & pertia ponert to Boffer ; 

In ^ronge and in ^raldom ^rape witA ]» werld. 

Derfore welcum, I-wia, is my wale deth ! 
1 2136 My maydyuhed I merk to mygbtifull goddis : 

Accepts hit as sacrifise, & my saule to ! 

))ia holly wi'tA bert hers I beseke !" 

When ^e lady bad leuyt of liir load specbe, 

, Google 


Bmkxiix. 12140 PiiTUB wttA a pale sword pr«trit hir to j 
PfFTtnu Btum Britnet )n bnrde brightest on lyue, 

(tm. iwM At ^ tmnbe full tit of hia triet fodur ; 

In pueU ud Gyid Ui in gobettis & on his graue cast. 

ow^b^^ 12144 Hire blod all abouto aboae hit was sched, 
•"■"^ And strawet in fe strete strenklit full ^ik. 

BHut-nrooBi, Honoumbld Ecnba, fat was hir aone modur, 

mwL Begh hit dogbtur witft dol be delt into peses : 

12148 Scho welt into wodnes, A hir wit leajt, 

And lan fhrthe raois rathe to beholde. 

Scho bete horn blttarfy witA hir bare teth, 
inhtrwiidBiH And wiVi stonys in )>e strete atrok horn to 

muijortht gnnind; 

°™^ 12152 Jjia lif scho lad lelly fat day, 

And myche gremyt ^ greke* in hir grete augur, 
shdibmiiii, J}ai toke hire full tit, and teghit hii hondii^ 

AaUt. Hiunik* Send hii sone by somue of hiie men, 

dddb. 12166 Into the lie of Aulida angardly swythe ; 

And stithly wi'tA stonys steynyt hir to dethe. 
A ipinAia famb The greke* for the grete graithet a toumbe, 

incMftirhv. Of a b^ht |iat vas hoge, allof haide marble; 

. 13160 And btoght hit to betenes, as hom bast fioght. 

In mynd of Jtat mighty, to myn hit for eoer, 

The plaee all of penaunoe, &e pepnll hit calles, 

The lede in hor langage, fut lengys jwrin, 
12164 Daly to this day, as demya the bake. 

) by Google 

tCIje XIX Bolte. ®f StcgCe of i!ri)eIamon anli 
Flixeji, & o{ )>e titi^t of STIielanum. 

All this tyme in ]» toon, tellla )» atoiy, 

Jm graldB wen togedttr for ]ie grete stormys 

Of vyndis full wikkid, & frauea of |ie se : 
12168 Ifo shalke went to schip on p» echii water. 

Pe tor kyng Thelainon, tidS of hondls, ' 

Before fB giete of fn grekiB, — A^foajnon & o 
otluT, — h 

To TliieB, in angur, angardly speke, , 

12172 ffor dole to {« Auk of }o dn goddea, I 

jMt wa3 eeait in fe Citd at ]ra same tyme. 

ffor paladion of pnee was put to Tlizes, 

He wiathit bym, I-wis, & to ^ wegh aside : — 
12176 " )}at gyfle ia to grete of fiat god nobill ; 

And my-eelnyn for«othe hane semyt hit bettttr, 

And more worthi to weld for my wale dedia. 

I hane bent me fall boldly, & my blode sched, 
12180 Onre faLke forto filsyn qwen onie fode lakkid ; 

And in were witA my wepyn wondurMli don, 

Ofte felllt oiire foe witft my fyn atrenkith. 

Folimneetor, fe proud kyng, I put vnto deth, 
12184 J>at was of riches full rif & myche red gold. 

)>e aim of ^ sam kyng I alogh wttA my iHimoriiH 
hondia, — »«»j- 

Folidariuf ]ra pert, ^ot Fnom did kepe, 



Bciiftnx. _ yfitii &U fe gold & fo gode of his gay fadur. 

^iSdlf' ^^^^ -^ J"* ^'^^^ * ^''' "^"^ ■^y^lit' of inj-aelfe, 
um muvrjrj I wan vs in were thu^Ii my wight aime, 

P&t has eocourd va intA solas in oxue sad 

pe fell kyng of Fiigie I f erbid of lyue, 
12192 And mony othii myghtl men of aatate. 
wot hid tddtd I haue aproprid to onie partis prouyns besyde, 

woiMBi With mylabur full longe, and my lei Tjt. 

t)o Tote rem of Taigason, & ^de Aiundyna ; 
12196 Cepeayn I seeit, & Jie sid Laiiis ; 

And othir prouyna & plasis of pMis of Troy. 
ud hj bimieif Thuigh my xri^tnas, I-wyRse, & worthi Achillea, 

TfojwMMJwii. We haue wonen imrere fe Toichip wttA hond; 

12200 Andgetyn to Jie grekis ^ia ground vith oxaa 
(fi*. iMw Xhia Yliiea, Jot vtwith aonterit hym neoer 

"utroMbu VTith no conise for to come, as a kn^ht shold ; 

Id tatii« 1 b« K But wttA fslshed & flatery, feynyng of woides, 

biHtiaoXibtuiT, 12204 And callis hym the caTse of cacchyngjiis tonne. 
"***°°' But vith treason & tranntis of Mb vntiea foio 

He fortherit neuer a fyge with Ms fight jet 
wi mighi hin There we the tonne shuld haue tone wtt/t our 

inn^ ud bid tnot stienght, 

12208 And bane wonyn hit in wer witii voisMp otire- 
thnnwh Um ^J[ Qure lose base be lost thuigh Ms lither dedis, 

11 bj (nuoii, ffor to take Mt by treason & trantia of bym. 

wuh .i..~. " Thnigh the craft of fat cuised, knigbthode may 

12212 And wary all onw workes to the worldes end." 
TMes woides be warpit f o worthy before, 
And Jan sesit ho of bis saw, & set bym to 

) by Google 


Then answani Tlixea, & Ytierit his spwhe, 

12216 Wrothe at the w^li, in his wiUa fable, 

8ud the Citie was aesit, & the Bad pepnll, vu— 

Thmgh haiclmee of bym, & the hagh wit. tmu 

But thoigh hia wiles of wer, & his wight dedia, 

12220 WttA hia gonamotmce grsithe, & hia gret beipe. 
All the Cits, foT4othe, & the anie knightec 
Hade aitton here fall sound, Ss hor selfe keppit. 
" Therefore, Telamon, truly with jri tried 

12224 Was nener Paladian, the pnie god, paid fro Jte 
temple ; 
Ife the grekM had hit gotten for gode vpon erth. 
I hade knowlache, hy ciafte, of hie dene vertue, h« in 
While the atatnie was atithly atokyn witA-io. .uu ■ 

12228 We were Tnsikei of ouro-aelfe the Cit6 to wyn, Jjjjj" 
Or to dwio hit in dede the dayes of oure lyue j "**" 
And I comynd in the case wttA my dene wit, 
"With the troiens to treate for takyng ^^rof ; 

12232 And so wan TB oma worship, & oure will bothe." 


Than Thelamon, ^e tore kjmg, tenfully spake Tdmn 

Qrete wordea & (greme), all in giym yre : ^ 

And he fioly wttA ^ng wil fiieppit agayn, ^'^' ' 
13236 Till }M hatid in hert, aa any hed foa. 

poa Thdamon truly told hym on hight, wd i 

Jjat other duly schnld degh tot his detf woidis. 

Hit was tretid fat tyme, )io tore kynge> hothe 
12310 Sohnld lyuge in hot loutd, & light on a dome tiiit 

Of Agamynon ]m grete, & his gay hrothii — 

Henelay fie mighty, as a mene frend. 

)}efl dnly schnld dem }k> dakie by lyght, 
12244 Qwiche w^h ^ wale god is worthi to haue. 

jXa spekyn Jiai specially for aped of Jio two, 

, Google 


And ordant Vliiea mon abill ^er-foie. 
And worthy at Mb iriU to weld hit for ay : 

12246 (ffoi ^e kyng, vttA hia cast & hia coynt qiech^ 
Honourable Elan of angur delyn^yt 
f&o ThelamoR in tone & otfair tore kyaget, 
jKkt deniyt hir to deth on day«8 before.) 

12252 poa Thelamon waa tenfull, A tumyt into yie, 
ffor ])iB god, by fo giete, was ^rountid vlixea 
Aganys reson and right, aa the Benlce thngbt : 
8yn all the kynge«, by comae, of the clena grelui 

12266 Had demyt bit by dome duly to Tbelamon, 
Saue barly |io brether, Jiat I aboue aaid. 
ThoH Thelamon for tene, in bis tore angnr, 
Mony woidys out warpit to Jio wale dubM, 

12260 And manaat horn mightily as Ma mayu fos. 
Because of tbe kyng & bia kyd hate, 
^ keppit horn in company wttA knigbtei 

Tho bretber full bigly wiiJi bold men ynow, 

12264 And Vlixea also -with angardly nLOn^. 

Onone come tbe night & negbit vppon hoiid, 
And yche Benke to pen Seat, aa ^ rede toke. 

Un }ie secund day, ao&ely, er )e sun rose, 
I 12268 The tall kyng Tbelamon. tellis the lyne, 

Was fonnden bare in his bed, britnet to dethe, 

And bis body f or-bled buemee hit e^h. 

Tbe noy of Jtot noble was noyset thnrgb the ost, 

12272 And mykell dole for fat duke doutles was made. 
To Agamynon gomys geuyn the wito ; 
And Vlixes by oidinause, all men saiden, 
Oert the duke to be dede, (thus demyt tiio 

12276 And his lyf to be lost thuigh hor lethur dedis. 
HmiB hade pit4 of Uie pure kyng : 
(He lonit hym full lelly, as his lefe broUter.) 

, Google 


Mycbe manaet tlio men in the mene tjme, Buk xx: 

12280 ffor the dethe of Jwt doghty, aB his dede foe. o™tm. 

Ylizes douted Ms deth.e, & dred hym faH Bore ; ^iHaiu^ 

Stale &o Jh) etith men stillj' by night, 

Witft his men, in tlie ni«rke, for the more harme. 
12284 Faladian the pure, he pat for to kepe adimMtb 

"With Dyamed the derfe, )iat -waa hia dere i««ii«i^'' 

And halit on fiill hard vnto the h^h Sea. 

J)an Pirnu wttA pt4 gert put into fyre, Pjirbot cuu 

1 2288 The body to hren of the baeme Thelamon : tsIvood u b 

Consumet the conrae vnto cleane askys, 
And graithit hom faO graithly in a gay Teseell, i»uhu th* i 
All gliaaonotcDd of gold & of good stones ; "^ t*"^ u 

12292 And ao cariet the corse into Ms Uth hom. Bamtrj. 

AgamynoQ the gret, & his gode brother, — 
Kenelay the mighty, & mo other kynge», 
Eeppit hom full cloise for cacchyng of harme 

12296 Of Firms, Aill prest, fiat purpost hom skathe. 

But the troytar Antenor tretid hom with, Auhdot 

Made fo kynge« to kysse & comyn to-gedur. Pmiiii^ 
He featid full feire all }io &e loid^s, „a Um^ai 

12300 And the grete of fie grekea vt'tA gyftes honouryt 


The grete of ^ gTeke« gediit Into coimsell, 

And spake in hoi epeche the apite of Eneaa : 

8sid the traitourvntrew hade his trowth broken; ruiisving 

12304 5bt Follexena the pert he put into hidUe, FairunL 

Thuigh whom Achilles, ]» choise kyn^ chansit 

bifl end. 
Theie )iai demet ^e duke, as by du right, 
All Ms londes to lose, & launche out of towne, (« 

12306 He proyet hom full pitusly, WttA his por<e hert, pi«ut.fofthi 
for to gmnnt hym to gyffe, of hoi gode wille, pun idhk t 
Tho sMppea to shilde o ^ shyie whaghea, 

tv Google 


Bai^jxs. Pat Paris w/tft past into the poie jlo 

13312 Of S^tliera, the Bamtyme he sesit the qwene ; 
And tym hom to takle, & tnuae for the Bea ; 
To BtuSe hom with store of his stith godis, 
And fode foi his folke to fiUe on ^e water. 
ikeHin 12316 This grauntid tho greke« wi'tA a gode chere, 

gar mcnui* u* Sa.vm nioiies, at the most, the men for to lenge, 

X^btoL His fraght & hU fode to fiUe as hym list, 

And {lan his godis to gripe, & his gate halde. 
bmu plum how 12320 £luea8 yritA anger was ang&rdly heay 
ijii^lota Wi'tA Anteuor the traytor, mtrew of his werke ; 

f,^. Sot his dedis he was duly diyvon fro troy, 

Thurgh the lady ^at the lede lugget of ^e toiire. 
12324 He cast hym full cointly, & compast in hert, 
How to bryng hit aboute wttA hia bare wit. 
To ert hym on exile eiier of the londe. 
Eneas ^urly after onone 
i*MHiDbi«th* 12328 Assemblit in the Cit4 the sure men of tioy, 
irm ibRn to All ])at left were on lyue, lengand Jiot tyme. 

HU wbTimii'*' He said hom full soberly, all on soft wise :— 

i!^!w "Now, frynd«, in feith, ayn fortane hath 

12332 pat yow is happit so hard, &, your hede lost. 
Ye Be well your-aeluyn the sothe at your egh, 
Hit is no bote here to byde for baret vttA-onte^ 
Of foB ^at are fuerse vpon fele sydes, 
12336 WttAouten helpe of a hede, & a h^h -wit, 

In case yow to comforth, & counsell wttA-all 
Syn I bauysshed am barly, ^is burgh for to lene. 
Chose you sum cheftane, & charge hym ^erwith ; 
12340 ffor wete other weghes, fat wonyn besyde 
tbi. lesh) In castelfi, and cuntres, & in cloise tovnes, 

}>at ye left bene in land, and lahkys a hede, 
Jlai will &11 on you ftiersly, fong of your godea, 
12344 Put you in pn'son, pyne you to dethe. 
Hit is sittyng, me eemys, & you so like. 

, Google 


Tito for Antenoi truly to Bend ; 

Make liym kjng of (ia kith bf comyn assent, HtudTiMUm 
12348 ffor to kepe yuu fro core wiOt a cleane wit ; aiii««, ud 

In this lond f oi to lyne lengyng tt^gedor, ung. 

Your fo8 to offend, & tjiaya jour lyuefl." 

All liked the lede for his lefe oounseU, n^ •«ix ^^ 

12352 (Hi soght thnigh the Cii6, & seat for Antenor; iivotntlHuBor. 

And he come to fra comyns with a cant wille. 

Eneas wiih angv, after belyne, ■■«" ■W'" w 

Wold hane dnngyn hym to deth, & delret fa Eals, 
123!S6 ffor he iras bigger in the bo^, boldli of kyn. 

Of ledys vppon lyne, lelly, ^n he. 

tun roB ]ni Ml mdly, all llie tonke pepuU, 

Somyn on a sop soghtyn to Eneas, m* tnim 

12360 ffor to sese of his sute, Ahis sadyie: SMtnatu, 

Syn hom bappit so hard in hast ^er before, 

With hot foB to be felly ferkit to deths, 

)]at no deire, ne no dethe, shnld dull hom 
12364 To Btir wttA no stryue, ne etroy hom no more. 

Xhtea TTordis to fa we^iis warpit Eneas : — 

" Th^ro is no lede vpon lyue may so long suffer '"^ dHiun 

Soche a trajUa for tene, bat treason base niiftr>wb> 
' Uiita to ii™. 


12368 And fowls with his falsyng haae feblit vs all. 

In dole to endure the dayea of ours lyne. 

With his gyle & his gawdis, the gay Follexena, 

pa,t was comyn of our kyng, & a cleans maidon, 
12373 He made to be martrid ^m^h malice of hym : 

And I, ^ am ontlawhit for ener of yia lond, 

ffro &eBde> & felowes, ^ me &ith ow ; 

pat wold bane leuyt here my lyue in laogour 
& woo, 
12376 And haae coonceld the comyns in hor case feble, 

Thus am flemyt to flight thoi^ his ialse caste." (M- u*<h) 


Xhan the conytia toke counsell, kiug1it«« A 

And the troytor Antenor fiom the towne flemjt, 
12380 Keu«r the Clt^ to se, ne hia sute after ; 

And gnuntid hTin hU gode & gate by & tyme. 

Aatenor full tite fan ttimyt to ship, 

'With riches full Kife, & Belikfi» fuow; 
12384 Shot on the shyre waghea ahalke* full mony. 

And soght furth on the se with the eofte windea. 

Xho pure men -witii payne on the pale sea, 

Uet witA a menye, & mart of horn fele ; 
12388 Bohhet paire Riches, & Teft« of ]iere godes, 

And myche toifer & tene tide of ))aire hond^a. 

ffio tho ledis at the last lawsit fea were, 

Wi't/i Boraw & sad fight eailit away, 
12392 Till they come to the coste of a cleane yle, 

)Mt Gelanda aioynet was to the lost nome. 

There was a kyi^ in |)e coet, fat the kith aght, 

Hight Thetides truly, tellia the writ, 
12396 )}at hie prouyna & pepoll peasably keppit 

Mony wintiu I-vis, & in vele leiiyt. 

There Antenor truly tuniyt to lond 

Wi'tA a few of his feres, as fell faym by chauitse, 

12400 On a plentious place, pleasaund to se 
There fildia were fiure, freaahe watur in, 
And woddeg to wale with wellia full cleie. 

t There aboue on the bonke he hild vp a townei, 

1 2401 By leuo of the lord, fat the lond t^ht, 
With Riches full Rife A ReliiM of troy, 
jMt he broght in his barge to the bate yle. 
paa he wroght vp a walle wightly abowte^ 

12408 With tourea full tore the towne to defend. 
]]ai cold hit a coynt nome, comyns & all, 
Ueneion, by mouthe, mighty & other. 
When hit knoweu was the case wilA comyna of 

) by Google 


12412 Of tbe plentios plaae & pleaaund of Ijne, bbaxh. 

Mony weghea thedni Trent, & wood in the toune, ii art™ wdi i 
And B«plenisBhed the place & the playn londis. bB»i» M«id 
The tfog was fall curtos, ^t ^ Hth aght, (u. mto 

12116 Mfche louyt he the lede & the lell pepnlL 
ffor the wit of Uie v^b, & his wale dedia. 
He vaa chosyu vttA yai choisecheveBt of conncell. 
And wele louit wi't/j the ledls of the lond alL 

12120 Sow tume wyll I tit«, & take fere I leuyt, 

To the greke« agajaa in the gret toune. 

Cassandra the dere, the ijjuret owne dontfhter, <^«»"3f» ^ 

jMt abode in the bnigh wi'tA bale at hir hert, *u t-r Undnd. 
12424 Hit modur & hir myld Soster meiirid io dethe, 

Myche water ho weppit, wailyng in sorow : 

Hit was rath any lenke, ]iat BioU to se ! 

When ho sesit o sicken, & aorow abated, 
12428 The kyi^ea into counoell callit hir Jwin, J^SiSuS 

To epir erf hor spede, spekyn hir to : nsaMtg tuiir 

))an purpaat }a plainly to pas out of londe. 

The maiden to tho mighty men^'ly eoide, 
12432 Horn shnld happon fall hard in a hand while : ^^ *"< f" 

Agamynon the grete shuld gtymly be slayn r*^tt, »d 

WttA meneye of fat mighty, pat he most louet ; be diiik 

And othir fuersly be flemyt, & fall}-n into angur. 
12436 All happit horn to haae as the hynd aaide. 

As I shall tell you full tite, & tary not long. 

Xhis Thel&mon I told of, ^t tniyturly was slayn. 

Two sonnes of hym-selfe, sothely he hade, 
1S440 Jjat be wan on his wyfes, as Jre writ sais. 

The first of )io fre faithly was cald 

Emynent the mighty, witA men ))at hym knew, (svNcits.] 

Of ClauBtra the clere qwene, clenneet of other : 
12444 Antissas Jiat tothii, tellis the story, 

Ethimyssa hia make to tbe mou here. 

DC|-:ec by Google 


txxx. Thiee were gyuen to the gonemataux of a gay 


Heght Teucn, fidl tni, as tlie tale ahewes, 
13448 Tho noble to norisstie in hor nait yowtlie. 

Till ^ 'waxen were of 'wit Se of wight dedis, 
And abill mtill armys, as fan aatate woldet 

iMn.) Xnen Agamynon the giete & his gaj brothir 

u* idnH 12452 Asket leue at the lordes & the lege kynges, 
loma. ffor to wende to the vatur in hoi wale shippes. 

And tume out of troy & the toune lene ; 
■b win But the grekes to fo grete grauntid hit noght, 

12456 fToT fiai hadon hom in hate & ia hert atnunga, 
ffor the dethe and the deire of the duke Thelamon, 
Syn Vlixes with Ttteiaunse auntrid to SUgbi, 
Yet ^ grauntid fo grete the gate to the sea, 
Q the huomes in hoi hig shippes 
DBiwdr, Till all baizes were boune & buemes W4'tAin 

And diaghen furth to the depe as hom due thoght. 

) by Google 

Elje xxxi 3Soft<: ®f tire ^mtoQt of tfte 

Hyt fall thoB bj foitnne, ^e ftdrest of fe yere 
12164 Was past to the point of the pale wintur ; 

Heiuest, vttA the heite & the high sun, Antimui ni 

Was comys into colde wiih a course low ; 

Trees, thtugh tempeBt«>, tynde hade fen leues; fmita iom 
12468 And briddes almtid of hot brem songe ; MrdikudMMi 

The wynde of the west wsckenet abone, mttoiT «iba^ 

Blowjng fall bremly o the btode ythee ; ,um. mat ndat, 

The den aire onercast w*tA cloudya full thicke, SSttiwiliii 
12472 WitA mystw fiJl merke mjnget witA ahowies ; ■'»'■"•"«■• 

fflodes weie felle thu^h &llyiig of Eayne, 

And wintur vp wacknet wtU. bis wete aire. (<°<' i*' ^) 

The gret nany of the greket & the gay kyngs^ 
12176 Were put in a purpoe to paa fro the tonne. 

Sore longit ^o lordis hor londys to ee, 

And dissiTet fall depely, doutyng no wedui ; 

pa\ counted no coarse of the cold stormya, 

12180 Ne the porellis to pasee of the pale windes. 
Hit bappit hom fall hard in a hond qwile. 
And mony of Jio mighty to misse of hor purpoa 
Thus tbo lordes in hoi longyng lagbton ye watur, 

12181 Shotton into ship moi^ shene knightcg, Ui*r»«« 
WttA the tresowre of ])e tonne, )iai token before, cttn^. 
Belikef full Rife, & micbe ranke godea 


408 A STOBH AT mi. 

BootxxxL Clere was the coune of the cold flodis, 

12468 And tho firmament Mie as fell for the wintur. 
Thai past on the pale ee, puld yp hor sailea, 
Hadjn bii at fen backe, and the bonke leuyt. 
r««)ariii7a ffouie davee Iw-dene, & hor du nvfthtis, 

12492 Siill soundly ^ sailed wi'tA eeasonabla windes. 
botoaauuth. The fyft day fnersly, fell at the none, 

Sodonly the aofte winde voBoberly blew ; 
lb* liy dwfeHBt A mjste & a merkenes mjnjnt to-gedoi ; 

(M-iMa.) 12496 Athonerandathicbeiavnebrubletintheekewea, 

•Bd Ugblolllg ' 

(ubw onr ih( "With an ugsom noiae, noy for to here ; 

All flaashet in a fGre the firmament oufir ; 

Was no Ught bat a laite, Jiat lanncbit abone; 
12500 Hit alinnyt in tho akewea wt'tA a akyre low, . 

ThoTgh the claterand dowdes clos to the heayn, 

Ab the welkyn ahuld wait for wodenes of hete. 
TtHrtnna 'WttA blaates iiill bigge of the hreme wynde^ 

luuuui] 12504 Walt vp the waghee vpon wan hilles : 

toHH till lUn Slith waa the stonne, atird all the sMppes, 

«™t. »i*i Hoppit on hegh witA heate of the fllodea. 

The eea was vnsober, sondrit the nany ; 
^3d,1lS ^2508 Walt oner waghes, & no way hold; 
XTHp 111 bKu* Depertid the pepull, pyne to bo-hold, 

In coatM vnkowthe ; cut down fere eailes, 

Eopia alto lochit, rent vp the hacchea ; 
12612 Topcaatell ouertumyt, takells> were loat. 

The night come onone, noye was the more I 
T?**^ tao* ^^ *^ company cleane of the kyng Telamon, 

■nbuniiv WitA fere ehippea fiiU ahene, & fe shire godi^. 

>u « bom 12516 Were brent in the bn vith the breme lowe 

Of the leymond laite, fat laonchit &o hsnyn : 

And euyn diownet in the depe Duke« & other ! 

Tti* ihiia of Ueliua Ai'T^ aa aunter befelle, 

thirv^oin 12520 Was stad in the stonne wi'tA the atith windes, 

lort, ' WttA his shippee fall ahene and the ahite goda : 

DD.:ea by Google 


Thriftf and Jiriaatmd, thiet^ &nd two Bootnnci. 

There veie brent on the bueme with the breme 

12624 And kU the tnakee in the flode flot«nind abcue. 

Hym-eeluyn in the sea aontyn belToe, *Jm hiimir h 

Swalpit & enram mtA Bwyngyng of aimyB : HmHtteid. 

^ he lannchat to londe, & hia lyf hade, 

12528 Bare of his bodr, biet full of water. 

In the Slober & the elQche elongjn to londe. 
There he lay, if hym list, the loi^ night ou«r, 
Till the derke was done &, the day sprang. (to. in ».) 

12633 And than wonen of waghea, with wo aa )iai hi u dLnnand, 
J»re snm of his Rort, ^t aoght were to lond, 
Lalted fen lord on the laond syde. 
If hit fell (hym) by fortone the flodes to passe, ens. b» ■■»«-) 

12536 jKm fonnd }a the f^ike in the fome lye, 

And comford hym kyndly, as ^ere kyd lord : 
WttA worchip & words* van hym to fote, 
Bothe faUet hym the fode and the fyne clothes. 

12540 Thus ^«re godde* wttA gremy wit% fa greke* Ttnuna 

lore, bHHHiWBim 

Mighty Myner(v]a, of malis fiOl grete, SSSI^ftS^hB 

ffor Telamon, in tens, tid for to pnll "^"^ 

Caasandrs the cleane out of hii cloise temple. 

12544 Thus hit fell horn by fortune of a foule ends, 
ffor greuyng fen goddes in hor gret yre. 
Oft^ytiies men sayn, & sens is of olde, otuo. Rit ibi iIb 

))at all a company is cumbrit for a cursed shrews, pontibid. 

12548 Now of lEynges, & knightes, & othir kyd dukes, 
flat past of this p«rell in pee to fen londw, 
I will tell how hnm tyde, while I tyme haoe ; 
And how fortune, full fell, finget Jiere end. 

) by Google 

ntabe to Itsng ^idnU ; anb of Xtt^i of I)u( 
0on ^alomsaon. 

AitUttm* 12662 ThTB ylke trme of the toile, tallis tbe stoiv, 

tbrnllndlB _, ... 

onniUnf There wont a kyng on the coete, m a contie of 


ricii«d g»ce> 

'""'''^ Hight Kaulos to nome, an old man of age. 

(u. in«.) He hade loiide« full lon^ & of lene biede, 

12556 And thegretti8tofGiise,ofgn)imde£ofpe|mll. 
After a a^de of the eefl, aothely to telle, 
Was a-par^ a prouyuee, pight fall of hillea, 
Wi't^ roches foil logh, nigget TttA stonoB, 
12560 At the fall of the flode flet all aboue, 

By the homdure abonte, bret fall of lokkea. 
Hi hid t*D HOI Thu noble kyng Ifawl^ hade naite sons two 

u Tnj. At Troy in the toile the tonne for to wynne, 

12564 Comyn in company of the kyde grekss, 

And faerse men in fight, fell of hor dynttes. 
The first of po fiieise, and his fee ayre, 
Was Falomydon ^ pert, a pme mon in were : 
nitiH7oan|«r, 12668 And the yoiiger of yeres yepely vas calde 
Othe witA all men, abill of dedis. 
Falomydon the pme, a pme mon of armya, 
WitA a naay foil noble fro Naulna hia ffader, 
12572 Fast wttA a pepuU prowde of aray, 

And tumyt vnto Tenydon, as I told bane. 
The gTeke«, for hia gretnea A his grym knightM, 



Ordant hym Emperour by opon assent, Back inn. 

12676 And Agamynon degisted of his degre fan, th. otmii* 

))at chalet vne for cheftan of f o chore aUL PnuHdu tMr 

JlUi Falomj'don wttA Paiia put was to deth.e orAgtmnmn. 
WttA the Inne of hie hov, as Ia1x>ae tede, trPirKboi 

12S80 (But ay ledis witA lesjng lonye to noy, 
In baret to bring, & buernia to hyndnz : 
80 happit hit here), fat harmyt the gcekee, 
And mony do^ty vith dole vnto dethe hK^ht. 

12584 To this noble kyng Naolo naitly waa told JJ^X'^h. 

J}at PolomydoD, his prise son, put was to dethe iwdimi iidn 
Yntnily by treason of his triat tryniM, ui Mmi 

And noght in batell on bent as a bueme noble, ordwi^ ditml 

12588 Thai said Diamede the Duke hads don hym of 
By ordinaunse of Ylixes, to vtteTauna for euer. 
Thus lytherly Jw lyghers lappit Jwre tales, (W.«H 

And forget a faint tale vndei fals colour. 

12592 Thai said Agamynon wit& gawdes, & Jie gay "TimAgiiMm- 
Dyamede, Hmiuu. ud 

Menelay wt'tA malia, & m^hty Yllxea, iirgtdaMi* 

Thies ffonie in hor falshode had forget a lie, ^^b^'wilMrij 
And ■writen hit in wordej by fere wiU all S?^^ 

12596 The tenure to telle truly was fie ; — 

' Jnt Palomydon the pure bad purpost an end, 
ffoT to treite wtIA the tioiens in trt^n of fe 

Pai no whe ahuld hit wete till horn wo happit ; 

12600 ffot a gobet of gold, to gripe of |ie Cit4, 

All the GrekM to be-gyle, & to ground bring. 

Thiea lettois fo ledia kte forto bynd tui mut iiiv 

To a hneme on the bent, in batell was slayne. knightirtiw 

12604 l>an Ylixes the lord,' licharly ftd aaide, ihuvijwi 

' Preset to a pure mon of Palamydon the ^ng, u, tiJiT^' 

And of gold he hym gaf a full grete aoumo, ^^^22^'ta 

Hot to wirke o this wise, as the w^h bad : "" '*'*"' 

) by Google 


BMkixCT. 12608 J)at he wold bogh to the bod of the bold kyng, 
And hade at his hede, fat he haue ehuld. 
pen he fot horn of florena a full fuerse sonme : 
The gome grippet the gold, & his gate held ; 
Tkawnotdu 12613 Ti«-nyt to the tent of his tm loid ; 

Fiesit to ]m pelow, & put hit euyn under. 
Pan the freike, in bis fare, fore to Tlixee, 
And said, all duly was done as the Duke bad. 
Mj Mjd ii 12616 pan Vlixea, «it& Ttteiatinse, vne at the tyme, 
hi ■hmiM uu Gert britten be bueme vith a bate sword, 

Uf 111! 1 1 ■■III 

))at he no talis shnld tell of treson waa cast. 
t>en fie letters on ^e laond, to ])e led boundyn, 
Ti»irt»«wii 12620 Were foondyn vith a freke of fe fyn grekis, 
d«ihii«)ii,ui And red to |ie rynkis, as fie roll saide, 

ontkL who Of ^e cast hj y^ kyng, & knawen witA all 

S.™ Tf"* *" JJen f>6 grate of fe grakia, A J»e gay kyng«, 

^JJJJ'^JII^ ^^ 12624 tfull heghly in hate hadjn fie pra'nse. 
piiio* th* nui Wightly fo wale kynge* wan to his tent, 

fiiind a bag full bret, all of bright gold, 
Happit at ya hede of his h^fa bed. 
(AiLinii.) 12628 Yne the selfe and the same sowmet before, 
chBsri him As the ledis, in the lettur on the lande, fond, 

fan fai presit Palomydon wttft a proude fare, 
As a traytor vntrew, ))at treason had vioght : 
HiuHTUdhu 12632 But the freike hym defendit wt'tA a fyn chere 
dniudwi Ui* "With batell on bent, barly hym-aeluon, 

To ttye out the tmthe wi'tA his trist bond, 
On what bneme eo was bold ]ie batell to take. 
HociMdimdia 12636 And when no freike was foise to fight wttA hjm 

Of all the grekes bo grym thoigh the gret oate, 
pan Ylixea the lord, -with his lefe wordes, 
Askewset the akathe & sklandur witft all : 
12640 He plesit the pnnce, & puj^t his fame, 

And the folke with hb &atery falely dissajuit.' 
Yet thies lyghers vnlell, wiVi bor laith ^eohe. 

) by Google 


Saidon the same kyng sone after fis ;— BackxtxiL 

12641 '))at Dyamede ^ derfe, & dogh^ Ylixea, ThixmaiiMn 

To Folomf don in pnnete pretat to-gedur : 

}Ku toldyn hym Ml traly, in lior tiayn feble, 

pat, doime in the dongjn of a diy pit, 
12C48 Waa a gobet fuU grete, all of gold, hid. 

Of trwoiiie of the toons, for takyng vith foB. rM •»• m*. 

Tf hym-self wold tusent ^ Boume forto get«, 

In pn'uete to part, fai no prtse wjat ; 
13662 Onon, at )>e nyght, po nobill,' |iai aaidyn, 

' Wold bonne to fo bonke batly bom-aelup*. 

All ye gold forto gripe, if hjm gode likid. 

J}en ^ BOQsran aseentid with a sad Till ; Th*^ Pdnngdu, 

12656 Dted no dyesait of hia dere kjiig««. cautaioga 

Past fniih to ^ pit priuely all, *"" '"^ 

Vna abone to Jo bordur, & bodyn pare alL 

Paa ])Bi fiaynet qwicbe &eke, pat schuld first 
12660 And Palamydon, fe pnse kyng, put hym ferto j 

Cast of his clothia cantly A Tele, (&L i*> *-) 

And bis boae in bast, highit hym donn, Biiiu»>nM 

When |)o prtnse was past to pe pit bothtun, ib< botum, 
12664 })e bnemee on pe bonk bet hym witA stonys, nwiwiih ibHmi 

And enyn dang bym to deth in fe derk hole, imt mo. 

Left bym }er lyond, & Inxkit to poire tentis.' 

"ns told vaa pe tale, & Ml tm made, 
12668 To pe nobill kyng Nawle, of Mb nayt sone, — 

Lappit with a ligher in hia laitb hate, 

))at dent mony dogbti, & drapit for ay, 

Ifaule pen onon, for noy of pis tale, Kuiiiiuind 

12672 WitA Otb« his othir son, ordant belyue S^'SH" 

J)6 grekis for to giene, & to gronnd bryng, Jj^^^^"* 

fTor pe sake of bis sone, vppon som vise. 

Hit was told bym for tni, in tyme of pe wynter, Thu imh o>^ 
12676 ]m grekis with hoi grym oat were gon to pe se, ntanincihia 



BotAmii. In sound for to saUe, & seche to J»iw londis, 

Wi'tA all ^e tresour of troy, & Jw toune leuyt : 
ud mM pw Be any wiae in pis world, wend hom behode 

12680 By fo cost in ^ cuntre per kyog dwelliL 
Tht unc onim jjen ^e kyi^, thnigli Jw kyUi, comand his men 

BigtaicBtiM ffaire fvrie & tone to feike vppon hillis, 

oowL By a side of pe se, ^eie )>ai soils most, 

12661 On pe mowntona mony in Jte myrk nyght. 
When J>is done was in-dede, as f% duk bad, 
Sfi^^n S w J** greie nauy in fie nyght come onon after ; 

i^af^ m iiw Seiih be fires so fain fast at here honde : 

flm, nod auk* or 

fertaai. 12688 Enyn bonnet to pe bonke bvgea £ othir, 

fforto rest in ]>e lode of ^e mgh ythis ; 
Letyn aailea doune slide sleghli & faire, 

TwoiHudnA Hut euyn to be rokkis witA a rank will, 

■liliaanilHkid *' ' 

onUMnckii 12692 {Mr were epandit & epilt in a spase litill. 

Two hundretb hede Bchippis in a bond qwile ; — 
UwtnMwwHid All drownet with dole, dukis & othir, 

loii. WttA all fa gold & fa godes, fat pai getyn hade. 

12696 Jm remnond, fat rode by fe lugh bonkis, 
•n» «nah uii Herd fe nude & fe ryfte of fa rank ecbippia, 

THHii ftiUowing I pe &uBshe & fe fore of folke fat were droanet, 

i(bi. iMi.) And held hom on hofe in the ht^h sea : 

opdni^uiA 12700 All the ekathes thai skepe of }k) skiie hylles. 
Among whiche menye, to myn hom by Dome, 
■•rtFtrT* There was Agamynon the gret, & the good 

Agunumon, Dyamede, 

Hniiau. Menelay the mighty, & mony other kyngw; 

12704 Thies passet the perellis of the pale ythes, 
Houit on the hegh sea, held hom o fens. 

du ii chiwriMd Xhis Othe, I er said, the od ens of If aule, 

AiHanm^ui Dissiiet the dethe of the derf kyng««, — 

piunuatiiir 12708 Agamynon to-grefe, & the gay Demode, — 
•»dior»v«iciL ^mj ^^ hyndur hom in hast, 4. hit hap might, 

And pai past to fen pjimyns & no payn pole. 



Thii Othe, irt'tA onmyng ordant belyae 

12715 Lettnn, by a lede )>at he leell trist. 
To Agamynon g&y wif , gert L jm to beiro, 
J)at ClniiMtn iras callid, as the clause tellns. 
To hxt he ceitifiet sothely m his sad lettur, 

12716 {utt Agamynon had gotan to his gay spouse, 
Of Prum a prise doghter, proysst Ml mekull : 

Hir he bioght in his baige to his burgh horn, Jjjj^^^**^ 
J^at fiaire forto feffo in his fie londw : ""wS ""^ 

12720 And ho mvn donteles be dede, & done fin> hir 
)>an he connseld Clnnefltia, er ^ caa fell H**Bimid> 

To be vra of ^t w^h, & wait on hii^eluyn, m imt on 
The lady lenit the lettnr ^t the lede sent, ciyta^uatn 

12724 And Jionlcit hym froly witA fionts in hir hert : ^"SLSJo! 
She compast by course, in hir clene wit, 
How this Tilany to venge, £ voide of hii harms, 


When this worthy of wothe wan to his c 
12728 Onte of pemll and pyne of the j»1b ythcs, ^"^JvoJT* 

Cluneatia, that clere, ctane hym agayna, v^il'jMi!) 

His worehipfull wife, wt'tft a wale chere ; 

Besayuit hym witA Bcnerence, as Benke to his 
12732 Wit* a faynond fiire vndwr fals thi^ht 

This Cltinestia the clere, aa the clause tellos, 

ffoT lacks of hii lord laiked besyde. bM iiu h«i 

Whille he foiyn was to fight in a fet lond, loriiwUi 

12736 Sho spilt hade hir spoosaile, spaiit ho noght: """"^ 

And lodly in hii law the lady hade synnet. 

Engest, wtt7i his Japis, hade Jnstilet hii wttA, Bb* i""' ■■«> 

And gntyn in his gamyn on the gay lady, br<»>«B>b*Ud 

12740 A doghter )nt was dere, in hor deme play. 

:ectv Google 


Boo* liitxii. Nawther oomyn waa fat kyda mon of no kyng 

Htiiofimr Nedoke ^t was doghty, neno derfe arle; 

loTH MmnHin Yet bo h^ht hym to haae, hold at his wiUe, 

ucu 12744 All the Bioll rawme with rentte* ynow. 

Bbe unnm Tlus Cluuestia Tncl«ne cast vitk hir loue, 

micdn b« By BSsest of hom-aelfe, sone at ^ night, 

b. iiMfi. The bold tyng in his bed britton to dethe ; 

12746 All Slepond to Sle with sleght of hom bothe. 
And eo fell hit by falshode, far in the night, 
When the bold in hia bed tras bioght Tppon 

AguHisiuB b ))an entrid thia Engist, eayn aa hjnt list, 

jsgMha,>iio 12762 And, wttft a thticche is tiie thiote, throtlet the 

When thia Duke was dede, & done unto graue, 

Cluneetra at kiiko conplit onone 
■fl«mi4i b*- This Engeet, with Jolite to hir iuste apoaae : 

M^^** 1 2766 Of Hechenas she made hym maistur &, gyra. 

This Agamynon the gret hade a gay eone, 
om^ iba •on Cousayuit of Clunestca, fai cald was Oresties : 

I, hu 1, He was yong & yepe, of yeiis bat lyte. 

?^S!S^^-. 12760 Kyng Taltill hym toke for trist of his lyue, 
Swa""'^^ ^" '^ send hym full sone to a sure frynd, 

wm. Tdimiaa, for doute lest the derfe qwene 

Mortheiet hym witA malice in the meane tyme. 
12764 He was keppit full dose, & with cleane hert, 
(M. iMo.) And witiahippit on all wise as ^ere wale son, 

Ayre to yen herytage aflwr hom-seluyn. 

Xhis Othe, I ere sud, od eon of STaiile, 
(Em HBdi ■ 12768 To Egeft, afturward eguily send, 
i^h rf*^ The dere wife of Dyamede, demly a lettnr : 

JIS^ b- Gert the lady beleue on a laithe wise, 

SSfttoilSftw ■^^ ^'^^ pwmait a prowde wife of Pruuues 

a( Prlim. doghtW. 

DD.:ea by Google 


!772 TliiB I^^ea, the gest eala, was » iurt lady. 

To Polence, the priee kyng, vne a pure doghter, (POjiOim, Bine 
(Kyng of Argouen cold in cuntres aboute) 
And hade a brother taH bold, & baiiy ao moo. 
12776 ffaire on hii &der syde, as fell bom by cbannae, 
All the londe« full large of the lefe kyng, 
Foleace of price, ^at was bii puie &dtir, 
I.efte to fo liUe, aa his leue heiree. 

12780 Jjan partid was preatly the pnso Bewme of ais» m mi bj 

, Poljnion to 

ATgOD, Sflmit uit 

Betwene AsBandroB for-8otbe, & his anste;- ¥^ea. bntimr. 
This ^ea ajoinet to hir iust spouse, 
Dyomede the dughty, vrHii hir due part. 

12781 Assaudroe, for-eothe, sais me the lettur, - Asuarumd 
WttA Cyomed dsmly dresait to wend ojndiuiiiig ih^ir 
To the terage of Troy Wj'tA a tore oat ; 

And er Jni comyn to the company of )>o clone 

12788 There all aemblet were sotbely at fe some tyme, 
J}ai past by a perty of ]iq pTouyna of Boys, 
Then Tbelaf us ^t tyme was a tore kyng. 
There fei bowet iro fe barge to ]ia banko syde, go into th« 

12792 To solas bom a season wifi sum of bor pepuU. Tdq^u 

Tbelaphns wt'tA tene toke bit to bert, Pnnt^ br tub 

)7at )>ai light on bis lond, & no lene bade : lUuki umib. 

He fore to ^t folke wi'tA a fell chere, 

12796 WitA a company clene, kyde men of armys. 

There &ght ^ai in fere with a felle ville, Aii«auui* 

And kild of ^ere knigbten to )ie cold ertbe. mu; mi « 

Ibia Assandroa, I said you, wi'tA a sad weppyn 

12800 Mony doi^ to the dethe of bis derf knights* : (M. us».) 

There-at Tbelapbus bode tene, & tumet belyne, *mu>arm k 
Cagbt to a kene spere, cuttyng before, tii^o*. 

Caupit euya vith the knight ; kyld bym to 

12804 tan Dyomede viitti dole drogb bym vp eone, 




Hade hyai fro horse fet viiJi helpe of hia 

And my^che water, I-wis, weppit ^etioTG. 

This was clerely the cause of fat kii%hte« dethe, 
12808 Yet hia sueter, |iat I said, aotbely was told, 

J>at Diamede yiiitt dethe had done hym away, 

ffor to wyn by his wyff all the wale rewme. 

The lady for the losse of hir leue brother, 
12812 Myche moumyng ho made in hir mynd fan : 

Hii hade leu^ haue lost all hii lond hole, 

()an hir brother ho best louet of boemes olyua 

Thus heuet fat hynd to hir hede lord, 
12816 ffor tithinge* hor tolde were of hir tru brother. 

And the lettur witA the lesyng, fat the lode 

(Naulns the noble, by his naite sun) 

Ho asseniblit hir snremen in a sad oste, 
12820 And wamet hom wightly the mater to kepe. 

And Diamede on fe depe dryne from fe lond. 

Thoa the bold kyng was banisshot fro hia 
big yle. 

All will of his wone his werdie to kite. 
12824 And Sytiieo, vnto Saleme he soght on his way. 

There Teucro, the tall kyng, tan was for lorde, 

}}at was Brother of birthe to fe hold Thelamon. 

To Toucro was told of Thelamons dethe, 
1282$ That Dyamede, the Duke, had demly conspiret 

Wi'tA Vlixes the lorde, fat hym of lyue broght, 

Gert take hym full tite in his tore angur ; 

But he stale fro fat etithe stilly by night, 
T2S33 Wan into watur, & away past. 

Demaphus the du kyng, & dugbty Athamas, 

On suche wise, witA fere wiues, were wemet 
fere londe«. 

j)aa come fai to Cartage, wttA care at pen 

) by Google 


12836 There the noble Duke Nestor naitly hom toke, BcBfcxxiii. 
And welcomyt tho worthy on a wise faire, (m. iwa.) 

Witft all hor company cleue, as fere kyd ffiynd. ^j^^ ^j 
There purpost Jw prise men, wttft a prowde oate, ""•"f- 

12840 Thaiie owne loadea to lacche, & the ledee qwell: 

But tho noble Duke Nestor onon to hom Jj^*?!*™^ 

MJd : — rwonrUtdr 

" Ames yon of malice bnt a mene qwile ; 

Sendis £ro youie-eeluyn to your sydo londis ; 
12844 Tretifl hom truly all witA tried wordos; 

Hetia hom hertely to faaue all hor hert wille, 

Of &edom, & ftronohee ; fret vitA hom bo, 

And all your will ahall ye wyn, S, no wegh 
12848 So bit happit fo hynd in ft bond qwile. 

To com to hor kyngdomea &, hor kyth home, 

WttA fanour and ^ndahip of fi«ike« intA-in, 

And were welcome, I-wis, to wyues & other. 

12852 £iieafl, ^t aflerwaid auntred to leng 

In Troy for a tyme, as I told hane, Xtti, wui* 

His cold & bis Rodis to sedur into ship, d*p>R from 

Tnif , !• MUokd 

And bis fragbt on the flode fully to make, — iv budiiu. 
12866 Ofte &ght pai &eike & folks of the Cit^ 

WttA Eiunys enerdand in ylis aboute. 

Wben the toun was takon & tumyt to ground, 

The kyng & his knigbtes kOd to tiie dethe, 
12860 There come ont of castels & of cloiee townee 

ffro the bowerdnn aboute, ^t hom bole trroght, 

Pilonre and plodders, jnked Jure goodtfs, 

Eyld of ^ comyns, & myobe o»e did. 
12864 Eneas fan aflurwarde c^nrly counseld, h< onmHUtiM 

Byn he was banysshed fro the burgh, & bode fi>r ukawda, m 

udn Uhdi and 

jwre no lengur, tobKomaiMr 

)>at pe pepuU by pttrpos preatly shnld send 
ffor Dyamed the dnghty, wi'tA bis du helpe, 

) by Google 


12868 To fight witJi hor fo-men & forther >o loncl. 
The troiena full tite token his rode, 
Sendon for the sure kyng in a sad hast, 
Where the fre might be foundyn, i, fet hym to 

13872 And he come to ^at cuntre wi'tA a cant wille. 
All the ledys of the lond lyuely were fayn, 
J)at were helplea A haid stad, & fere hede lost, 
)}at Eneas was also euyn in the toune, 

12876 Koght faryn wttA hia flete, ne the flode takyn. 
pan |iai husket to batell, po bold men in fere, 
Armet at all pes, wi'tA abell to werre, 
Jiat were left vppon lyue, lo^et 

12880 Seuyn days, sothely, sais me the lettur, 

J)ai faght in the ffild witA jjflre fueree enmyes. 
Dyamed full dughtile did wiVi his hondet. 
And mony brituet on the bent of hor breme foe : 
L 12884 Mony toke be )>at tyme and to toune led. 

And hongit horn in hast vpon high galowes. 
The f]rfte day of fe fight so fuetsly he wroght, 
pat no bueme was so bold his hirre to witA- 

12888 Bttt all fled of the feld, & fongit wore many ; 
And ay hongit ])0 harlolte«, as pai heat were, 
Bothe on galous full grym, & on gret trees, 
)>at none left were on lytie in the lond sone. 

12893 Owtber captains of caatels, or kepare of tonnes, 
Herd suoho hardship happyn to faile 
Of freikes vnfayre, that fore to p6 Cit4, 
And all the costes fall clone kepptt horn away, 

12896 And nener did hom no deyre, ne no dole after. 

Whau En& hade all thing ordanb«>t wille, 
Hia Shippee on the shyre water shot full of 

Eelikfw full ryfc, & mycho red gold, 

DD.:ea by Google 


12900 Witfi Anchises hk choiae (fader) chefe into Bwfcjxxir. 

flete, (MS-iu. 

And holit furth haately to ]» Iiigh see, 
As hym demyt was by dome by dukes before. 
He not wiat, in this world, what wayes to liold^ 

12901 Ne, what cost, ne cuntre, come vnto laaod. 

At the last, as our lord wold, he lisht into AiiancUiha 

^ HUlMlnllalr. 

After in Itaile, as aunter be-fell, 

Tegh vnto Tnakan, & turayt to londe. l^ ""'■) 

12908 Now what worthe of |)at whe, & his wale Pocmmmmief 

godis, trUh,uul 

Sro he Tuskan had takyn, t«Uis hit not here. coanituia 
Of his woudurfall werku who wilnes to know, 
Go loke at the lede, ^at his lyfe wroght 

1-2912 Virgell, full verely, J»oa vertus can tell. 
In a boke ^t bueme of ^at bold made, 
)}at EnjodoH, wi'tA noble men, is to nome cald. 
The Dere wife of Dyamede of his dethe herd, 

12916 How he twrayt vnto troy, & the tonne keppit 
Of his ffrikcnes in fight & his fyne atrenght : 
Ho dout hir full deply, for drede of ])e kyng, 
Lest he raght to his rewme with a roid fare, 

12920 Kyld all hir knightes & comjns by-dene, 
And hii-Boluyn ouerset, & eesit the londe. 
Pan Egea, full lointly, witA hir ioly knightes 
Toke counaoll in the case, & comynt to-gedur. 

12924 The lady by lettur }ian louely send 

ffoi Dyamede ^e deife, ^at was hir du lords : e 
J)an he twTTiyt fro Troy to his triet Bewme. n 

"With mycha worship his wife welcomyt hym 

12928 And his Argaene also, oil were ]hu fayn. 

Othir kynges of fe kith, |)at eomyn fro troy, o 
J)at were put fro fere pronyna, Bepairet agayne, *i 
Itecounseld to f ero cnntre, comyns & other, 



13933 And were welcop, I-wia, to wyuis & all. 

j}ui ^ai Byld vp hoF Burglies dk hor big totmee, 
]]ELt were enfoblet before for feute of ^aire hedes, 
WtU tte Tresois of Troy, & the tore Eelikes, 

1S936 And other Biches full nfe, aitd resUd hom yan. 

by Google 

tofu bensianse for t)is faber betlje. 

Ag&injBons hawas aone abill of jeiis, 
\>at ydomiut the dere kyng only had keppit 
' ffor feid of ide fos, ^at his fodor sl<%li, 
12940 Engestus with lapis sliulde luge hyui to 

Was waxen full wele & wight of his dcdis. 
xx" wintur, I-wia, the wegh was of age, 
And forther by fonre, fuerae of his stronght 

12944 ))an honered hym ^at od kjng wt'tA oidur of 
Gaf liym of his gold, & his gay stedis, 
And hight hym of helpe wi'tA a hede pepulL 
Orestes fiat onerable oftymes prayet 

12948 To ffilayn hym with foUte his f o to dystroy, 
Uia cuntie to kouer, & his kid rewme, 
And to deire for the dethe of his deie foder. 
The kyng granntid agayne wttA a gode wille. 

12952 A thowaauad ^ro knight««, ^repond in wer, 
Ue assignet for hym-selfe to his sad helpe : 
And so laffet was the lede in the lond fan, 
}}at as mony able men after was gmnntid. 

12956 ))an Orestes full rad wt'tft his ronke knighte^ 
Come to the Croeze, the ctintre witAiu 
There Foronses the frc Ityng fairly can dwell. 

, Google 


He was ncghbur full negh to fe noble yie, 
12960 There Agamynon the gode gouernaunce hade ; 
And was Enmy full euyn to Engeat witA-oll, 
And held wer with Jmt wegh wintnrs full mony. 
This rorenses witA fyne will faithfully prayet, 

12964 Jiat he might ryde WitA Jiat Orest & his nnke 

To loyne witA Engest for his vniust werkes, 
WttA fre hundrith Jnifty, all of Jir[i]ed knights* : 
And be ]iriftely, wttA ^ro hert, Jionket the kyng. 

12965 And bo busket the bold Iro the bui;gh sone. 
Hit was the moneth of May when mirthes 

The Sun tuniyt into tauro, taried fere vnder; 

MedoB & mountains mynget vith floures ; 
12972 Greues wex greno, & the ground swete; 

Kightgalia wit/t notw newit (lere songo. 

And shene briddes in shawes ahriked full lowde. 

Orestes full rod, witft hia ranke knightea, 
12976 And Forenseq, the fuerse kyng, fiiiyn of tonne. 

)wi meuit vnto meesan wttA Jiere men bole. 

All reftuit horn the folke of ^ fyne pUse. 

When he segh Jat the Cite sate in defena, 
12980 He bes^t hit full Badly vppon aero balues, 

)}at no bueme of the boigb duist to bent come : 

And BO keppit he the close of his clone Cit4. 
ipsiio lud He had answare of Appolyn abUl before, 

12984 fat ho hia fomen shnld fell & bis folke wyn. 

And his moder for bir malice martur to dethe, 

ffor all the helpe fat ho hade & the hegh walles. 

This EngBBt witA lolite & loumay was gono, 
12988 To secche hym sum {askei wi'tA hor tyu belpns. 

Of BachelerB & bowmen the buigh to defend. 

Oreates full ladly the Benke hade aepiet, 

What way fat he went, as weghes hym told. 
12992 He purpast hym priuely in pathea to lye. 


) by Google 


Kniglite>, at his comjiig to kacche bjm olyne, 

t»t mekill were of might, & of his mea qwelle. •"i™h to 
The Cite he assailet viVi a sewte ofte, b» numa. 

12996 J)at the folie to defend failet o Bythes. 

Thai went of Jiere werke (lo wallis to kepe, 

And no bueme of pe burgh pert aboue etode. 

The XVtene day fueraly he felie to Jte toime, *«« •i"" ^v" 

13000 He toke hit fnll tite, & tomly he entrid, SSl'^'^'''' 
Witi all his compajiy clene of kyd mea of 

He comanndit his knighted for kepiug the yatie, 
ffor B«paire at the port, or presyng the yatis. 

13001 He paat to the palas of his pnse fEader, 

There ct^ht he Clunestra, p&t closit waa in. w.igBt.) 

He put hir in prison, prestly to kepe, iiii|wto^"md 

And aU the HeheUis fuU rad rappit to dethe, ^""l^™ 
13008 jMt were assent to the slaght of his sare iader. 

The same day, sothely, the Cit£ was takyn, OnUndijUw 

tiljwtt Ukaa, 

Engeate wttA loly men aioynet agayne sgi^u 

The Cite for to socour viih his sad help. numu u. 

13012 Voght warre of the weghes, pat WMted his 

Fast faith thnrgh the paae wttA his proads 

A bnsshement of told men breke hym vpon ; h« h mptmi 
Kyld all his kant men, kaghtyn hym selayn ; oiohm^ ind 
13016 His hond boundeo at his backe, hym to bmgh mti. *" 

The secund day Boyng, sone in the mome, 
Orestes his lenkes radly eomanndet, 

Bare to the barro bryng hym his moder, cijttoiiiMrtn k 

13030 Hir hondes bonnden at hir backe bigly wt'tb onuinikad 

ropes. bouid b*htkd 

Than he went to Jiat worthy in his wode yre, 
And the pappia of the pure puld fro Mr brest Hcnuiiffhtr 
With a knyfe ^t was kene, cast horn awny ; uiii bir witii ■ 


13034 And witA the Bwing of n awerd swappit hir to 

He comaund the corse cacche vp onone. 
And hurle witA a horee to the h^h feldys, 
And cast hit aa karyn vnto kene foles. 

13028 There the lady on the loud lay for to rest, 

Till the flesshe of )iat faire was fret of tlie bones. 
To draghen be vith dogges & othir derfe briddes, 
Eugest he adiuget, for vniuat werkes, 

13032 Nakid thio the aoble toime onoue to be dniwen, 
t>aii in hast for to heng irppon hegh galowea, 
WitA all the traitourB vntru, )at he toka (wre. 
Thus he vengit the yelany, & the vile gtym 

13036 Of the dethe, ^at hym deiret, of his dere fader. 
Thus the lady was lost for bix lechir dedie, 
Pet vnhappely fot horedam hastyd to ale 
(M. m:i Agamynon the goode, the grettist of kyngea, 

13040 And most worthy to wale while the woild last 
ffor ho keppit not hir klennes with a cloise hort. 
Thus fell hir by fortune to haue a foule end. 


MiMiui.ifter When Menelay the mighty & his men all 

•a, uriw K 1 3044 Wore comyn out of care of the cold y thes, 
aiMo. Wi'tA honorable Elan, pat was his aune wife. 

Ha It (old of hij To the cnntre of Crete pere the kyng dwelUt, 

•iid ofih* Hit was told hym full tyte of his tru brother, 

cijtsDiMin. 13048 jMt done was to dethe wi'tA a derf traitor; ■ 

And how Orestes full lad, witA a wid fare, 

Hade marterid his moder for malioe )ierof. 
Tbi boNm of All the comyns of Crete & the kyd lorde*^ 

iiM dty to Hc 13052 On the lady to loke longit full sore, 

ffor whom the grekes so grymly were to ground 

So I^r were all men Elan to se, 

, Google 


ffot to waite on fot worthy went ^ai beljue. 

13056 Then the Seniovr full Bone, -witA seasonable F»ucr«* 

Guiet fro Crete witJt his clene nauy, 
Meuit vnto Mecayne wt'tft his men all, 
And iaiie Elan his fere feikit liyin viih. 

13060 To Orestes bis anne cosyn angotdly sade, 

Noght to rest in bis Rewme, ua by rigbt baue 

Tbe beritage of anncetiy after his fader, 

ffor the mnrtbe of bis moder, he martired so foule. 

13064 )}an tbe grettist of grese were gedirt ^erfoie, 
Botha of kyngei full clene, & of kid dikes, 
To Attens, ^t abill tonne, angardly monj, 
ffor to mene of fat mater, & make yera an end. 

13068 Then pnuses full pr«8t, and the pure kinge«, 

Saydon Orestes be right sbuld render his londe«. 
And be exiled for euermore, as orible of dede, 
Pai BO doggetly had done to his dere moder. 

13072 ))an alleggit the lede to the lene praises. 
All the dere ^t he did vnduly to bir. 
Was borly by biddyng of his bright goddca, 
J)at enformet hym before of tbe fete euyn. 

1 3076 The Duke of Attens full derffe dresait to say, Th. ouk.M 
ffoi the right of Orestes radly he proS'crt te u duun^^oa 

To proue with his person & bis pure streught, ofoiwiw. 
To the boldest in bat«ll vitA hie bare bond, 

13080 )]at be had right to bis rewme, & no renke ellis ; 
And all ihe dedis he dyd were done yppon 

Evyn wroght by the wille of bor wale godde^ : 
There was no bueme wt'tA bat bold the batcll mo oh drnm 

to take, wigar, ud 

13081 Tbe right to derayne wtVt the ranke dnke. *cqii»ud,ud 
By connsell of kynges & comyu assent, u^g, ^**^ ' 
Thai qwite claymit the qwerell, & qwit hym 


) by Google 


And as rigbt to his rewme restorit hyni ogayn. 
130S8 t)an |)ai coroned hym kyng of jiat kyd yle. 

In the Git^ of Syre set hjm olofte. 

All the lodis of his lond lelly were fayn ; 

Aikd he WTothe aa the vynde to his wale erne; 
13092 Idamus the detfe kyng, &, Ms dere cosyB 

ffotensea, the &e ^at hym feith aght, 

To Macanas )io men menit all somyn, 

Aiid accordit fo kyngn in the kith euyn, — 
13096 Menelay the mighty & his mayn nephew, 

Orestes the renke, of hor ranlie yre. 

This accoid was knit &, in cotuse made, 

)}at Orestes the rich kyng ladly ahuld wed 
13100 Ennonia, the maydon, Ms owne myld coeyn. 

His Emes doghtei full dere dnly to wyf. 

Made was this manage )>o mighty betwene, 

WttA Solenlt4 & Sacrifice the Cite within, 
13104 WitA fiastyng and fare of the fre pepull. 

And lyuet ftuth in Lykyng a long tyme after. 

) by Google 

JClje xxxtiij JSofee: Utiia ijit fiappit Fltics (^.w..) 
aftuc tlje Sege, 

Vlyxea the Lord, that lurkjd by nyght uijm^ h.viiig 

ffro the Cits to tbo eee, as I said Ere, aiTivn ■! crMs 

13108 When Thelamon, with tene was trajturly slayn, ghi,,.. 
AR hare in his hed & hlody heionen. 
With two Bchippis full schene, fiat ^o schalk 

He come viito Crete oa ^e course fell. 
13112 All hia nauy full nobill naj-tly wore lost. 

And refte fro the tynke, aa I rede BclialL 

Telamon tor boh toke hym with bond. 

He refte hym his riches & his renke schiunia, H»imiiortaii 
13II6 And wold haiie honget ^e here vppoa hegh galea ; bini;mi«d 

But hit auntrid Vlixee vne for to akape, 

Thnrgh wiles & wit wan of hia hondia, 

And past of his pouer to pouert yaugh. 
13120 Of aU his wallond wele wait he no gode. 

And fiof he paasit wM pyne fie pouei of hym, 

iet happit hym full hard in a bond qwile. 

The noble kyng Ifaule naytly hym toko, 
13124 And purpost wttA pyne to put hym (o) lyue, (M&im"i>iiii«o 

ffor the tale of the tieson, I told ]ow before, 

Of the pn'se kyng Falomydon, hia aune pure aon ; ^^ 

But thurgh wilys & wit he wan of hia daunger. "«i>«" from 
13128 Ynpairit of hia person pr/uely he atnle. [».) 


430 THH msFOBTinifla of dltsses. 

BaAx^TiT. By what lapis or gen, aiugea not here, 

J)at he Bkope fro the skath of thies skathell men ; 

But full pore of hia pride, & in plite febull, 
13132 To IduiQU0, the du kyng, doutles he come, 
idonunnu Jjat had meniell full mekill of his myahap, 

imd iHiDini And welcomyt ^at worthy on a wise faire. 

pmani luia He Hpird hym full specially of his spede feble, 

^^.^b^ 13136 ffor to tell hym the truth how hym tid hade. 

(iis.ii»i-(«u") QMn) he gMuntidOie gret witA a good wille, 

Hia diasyre for to do, & dreesit to say : — - 
xj]jt— mtm 'I Soth hit is, eir kyng, A bo ye well know, 

from Troj oiui 13140 After the takyng of Troy me tid for to haue 
rtch Aett. Mony echippis full shene, shot full of godes, 

Wt'tfe KeliliM full rife, and red gold ynogh : 

Mony BemttnAes me suet, & sad pepull ala ; 
13144 Enighte« in my company, & kide men of were. 
Tiwi ha Hiitd So went I to watur, hade windo at my lust, 

Thntt; Past to a port pleasond and faire, 

Jjat, w(tA men of fat marche, Muma was cald : 
13148 pere launchit I to laund, a litle for ese, 

Kestid me rifely, ricchit my eeluyn. 

Non hedit me with hething, ne no hanne did, 

Nowther bai^, ne bote, ne buemo vppon lyne. 
13152 fan toke I my tide, twmyt to ship, 

Hade winde at my wille & the wedur calme, 
iiirnu toth* To Colofagea I flet, & my feres all, 

LMophigt, OB And fere restid in the rode, as I red toke. 

Ljbu. 1 3156 Whan I hade longit qwila mo list, I launchit on 


And all the calme onerceai into kene stormea. 
HuTing itfi fiull wodely the windes wackont sboue ; 

ahi !• eugbt ty A myst & a merknes mynget wi'tA layn, 

.riorm. 13160 jjat wilt VB in were & our way lost 

Knew wo no costis for cauping of ythes, 

Ke no lond on to light, fat ve lefe was. 

O sithns, vnto Cisile I sailct at the las^ 

)b, Google 


13164 There me bappit full hard in a hond qwila 
The same tjme in Cicill, somyn ^ere were 
Tvo kjjiges ^ere wooe, ^t the kjth aght : 
Bothe were >ai btether, & bold men of bond, « 

13168 And fell men in fight, ^its found I my part. r 
Stigeta, a stueme man & Btalwortb, was one, 
And Ciclophe the sectmd : so were |iai cald. 
pM fell to me fueisly, & my folke elogb ; 

13172 Bobbet my riches, & reft me my gode«; 
Spoilet me dispitiously, sparit me noght. 
Two sons, for-8othe, of the same Ityngat, — • 

ffners men in fight, & fell of hoi dintte«, — o 

13176 Kyld of my knightw, kid men a hundrith, 

And sesit my eel^ & my bum felow, ■ 

Alphenor, a freike, )iat me faith aght h 

In a caalell full oloiae keppit tb bothe, 

13160 And put TB in prison prvstly to-gedur. 
Poltphemas, the pert, had a prue snstcr, 
fiairest of fetur, fresshe to be-hold, 
Clere as the cristall, & a cleane maiden ; 

13184 Whan Alphenor the freike faithfully can se, * 
He was lappit wi'tft loue & lusty disairc, ii 

N^h wode of bis wit went in ^ plaso. 
Sex mones, |iat mighty made me to leng 

13186 As pn'soner, wttA pyne, in bis prowd castelL * 
J)an pit4 of my person prtkkot bis hert, », 

He deliuert me lowse, & my lefe felow, J 

Alphenor the freike, fat fellyn was in loue. 

13192 This Foliphemas me plesit, & pntto me fan 
GiftiB of gold, & greatly bonowryt, 
Alphenor, in faithe, foundit full ofte * 

The woman to wyn, &, away lede. ti 

13196 So be spake of bis spede fat apeciall Tnto> 
)}at onone in the night, fat noble be stale 
ffro the souerain btr Syre, & sogbt wttA bir 

) by Google 


Boo* miv. Wten bit coma to the kDowjng of hir kid 

13200 Folipbemua pmdly preset hir after 
with u imud yfith knightes fall keiie, kyd mea of hond. 

(fill, tni a.) He fell on my folke, & fele of horn slogb, 

pansH! uucin And my selnyn yrith a sewte asailet full hard ; 

Sy^f^d"* 13204 jMm I feU to defence with a. frike wiUe, 
laa hu on (ja. My-selnjii to saue, and eoconr my pepulL 

The ton Kgfa in the t«ile tynt he belyue, 
And I shot to my ehippes, & tbo sbalke leuit. 
wiih difflmiir 1 3208 With myche labur, at the last, I launchit to se, 
frcnn aidij, uid Soght out of Cicile with sorow, ^ut I hade^ 

iiUnd •>(£«, WitA mycbe noy in the night my natiy to stere. 

T-'^^lIl^* To the He of Aulida I aimtri.I to hit, 

KKi^grtl^^ 13212 There found I before the fairest on lyiie, 
w™- Two sister full semly, Jiat me sore greuiL 

Thai were Indiea of Jie laund, & of lore wise ; 

Of NigTomaoBy ynogh nothbg bom kkbeiL 

1331G The cmft of coniuiacioUH po cuinly did vse ; 

Wit/i Spretia A. espe/yment go spend )mu pent 


wiiowMinndt Who-3o lightea in fat lond fro thft low sea, 

net iwaj ; ind (jai haue no power to paaso fro fei e pure art ; 

I'ubmfi i^ uitic 13220 And who fat bowea not baiuly Jiere biildyng 

inioiHHto. jjQ flhene wull forshape vnto ahire beatis; 

IJeuermoro to be men vppon mold after, 

Ne the lond for to leue in hor lyf tymo. 
ThaiuiiHin 13224 The wiser of tho worthy, to wale hir by nome, ■ 
Ciiyiw. High Sirces, for-sothe, so was sho callid. 

And Taliphe, fat tother of the tried snster.. 

Thia Cirees my-seluyn set on to lone : 
ForitwdTt- 13228 Wi'tft charmesA Inchauntmentt(3s bo' cherissbed 

Jjat me wissit no wile away for to passe : 

A twelmond & two wek« tw^inet we noght. 

DD.:ea by Google 





Witfi-in a yere, full yeuerly, fat jep« waa with 
i Consayutt of my-eelfe, & a sou hade. j 

))aii I purpaat to passe wttA pepull a few, 

And cast me by craft & eoirpig yerSon. 

Of me ^ worthy was war, & my wille knew, i 
5 And aped hii full specially my aped for to let, 

WitA wiles & wicchecrafl my way for to hindor j j 

But my-self of f)at Bciena somwhat I can, | 

Well enformet of the feate, & hir &re mairet ; 
) And all hir note of Sigromaaaj naitly distroyet 

paji I wan fro the woman wttA wyles ynoir ; i 

WitA a lite, yat me left were, latmchit to eee ; 

Past ftuer the pale ythea, & peT^ellis full mony, 
1 Into the cuntre of Calaphe cast wi'tA a etoime, 

There the qvene yrith hir qwaintis qwaitid me tim quan &iii 



Held me wt'tA hir, & my hede knightu, 

Alse longe as hir list, wi'tA hir loue bounden. 
i But hit noyet me noght for hir noble chere, 

lliat ho made to my men wiU myrthea & loye. (f. mss. 

At the last, fio Jiat lady, I lansyt myselfe 

By wiles, & wit, & wo, )>at I tholiL 
i Hii craft & hii conyng by courae I diatroyet, 

And safe wttA my soudioure slippit hir fro. n* aupM wd 

pan I sailet forth soundly on the Sea occian, u uudon 

"WiA horn fat I hade, and happit to light mpia «# ■ 

) In an yle, pert an old temple naitly I fonnde, '"^ 

Of a god, |iat wiVt gomee waa gietly honotiret. 

There answare hade all men after Jwre wille, 

Both certayn & eotbe, fat sc^t for to wete. 
) At ]iat orribill I asket angaidly inyche, B*[iH|uirH 

Of dethe, A of deiie, as destyny willee ; and aJutu 

And other ferlies full fele I fraynit of hit. n—tf, 

There spiid I full specially in apede for to here, 
I When dethe hade tb drepit, & our day comyn, 

, Google 

iBi KuroBTuma or ultbbbb. 
And we went of this world, what worthe of ow 

To all thing he anawaiit abilly me thoght, 
Bnt of OUT sawlee, for«athe, said he me noght. 

13268 Thut went I to watur, & a wi&de roee. 

Shot fiuth my ^ppes on the ehyie ythes. 

To a peielliu plase past I iio thens, 

And sailet ^orgh a sea ^ere Syrens were in : 

13272 ffiro the naTell netherwaid noght but a fisshe, 
And made as a maidon fro ])e myddes vp, 
Bothe of face & of fetus as a fte woman. 
TtHirntMatt The songe of )>o Syrens was selly to hero 1 

132T6 WttA a ledyn full Insty & likyng wt'tJUU, 

The myrthe of }Mure mowthes mnsyk was like, 
Aa to here out of heuyn the Ugh song of blisee. 
Thare folis fiat &ryn by fer cost««, 

13280 ])at heron the melody, so mekill aro maait in 
Lettyn sailis donn styde, & in slym fallyn : 
Nowthii stightiU }>ai stere, ne no atithe ropes, 
go aynkea in hor sawle the song of fo bestis, 

13284 Thai have no dainty of diynk, ne of dero 
Bnt derkon enon down on a depe alomur. 
Wfaffli tiie Sirons this sene, sone oponone 
)Mi wyn to the wale ship, & walton all Tnder ; 

13288 And Hm folke in the flete felly ^ai drownen : — 
}>»i dump in the depe, and to dethe pesae. 
My-eelf in thies Sirens sothely was stad, 
WttA my felowee in feie, & my few shippea ; 

13292 And wi'tA crafte of my conyng I keppit tb 
(Wt no wegh, ^ I wist, hade wille for to slepe. 
We faght witA horn felly, and flait hom so, 
)»t a thawssond witA thiepe we throng vnto 

) by Google 

MourU, whor* 

THi HuroBTums OF niiTssEa. 435 

13296 And noglit hedit horn with tieiyiig for harme of Bookssnr. 
&o tliies perels I past, & no payne tholjt ! 
But me happit full hard in a houde wbjie I 
ffnll swift to the siralgfa me switiget the fiode, tiiirui" 

13300 But fyftene forlong fulit I Jwrof, 
fiiel« of m; fraght were before past, 
Dngheu into the depe, diownet beljoa 
The more halfe of my men & my mayn shippis, 

13304 There tynt I full tite A tumyt away. 

Pan I aoght by the sea : to Senyee I come, a^'^l^ 

There a ferlyful folke I fond, & a coisid ! ^^^ 

Tbd mTTtherit my men vt't/t hot mayn dynttes. ^i^i^ui 

13308 The most parte of my pepull pat to Jw dethe. ^^°^ 
J)ai left me hut lite fat on lyue were. p:imai. 

jjai toko vs full tite, teghit oure honde«, 
And put TB in prt'son, pyne for to fole. 

13312 All the godea fiai grippit of the giet veesell, 
And Tohhed tb full ndly, right as hom liked. 
At the last ^i me lansit, by leae of our goddes. At Ihu tbqr > 
WttA a few of my felowee, )«t me fore wVtA. MntmMj" 

13316 No gode ]>ai me gaf but giannt of my lyfT, wud^^i 

And lete me go wi'tA my gyng on fe gray water ! w^^. 
Thus in pooert A payn I past on the sea, ^SSi"'' 

WitA myche haiet aU aboute the bourders of 

13330 At the last, in this lond light am I here^ 
Naked, A nedefnll, aa ftm now sees. 
Now I told haue the torfer, ^t me tide hase, 
Syn I t«myt fro troy, of tempast & other." 

13324 Xdimiu* the da kyng, Jnt his dole herde, idomMMu, 

Hade piti of his ponert & plemt hym mytelL {m. m « 

Moche gode he hym gaf of his gold red, 
And refresshit his fflete with a fyn willei 



^^iv^ Two ehippcB full ahene ahot full of godya, 

md, ud And of syluBT a so^rme, sothely witA-all, 

numa^ The Irfug of the coat kyndlj hym g&ffe, 

13332 )}at might Suffise the syie forto gaile home. 

pui he projet hpa full prestly, ^t he passe 

To Antenor oa all wise, ^at ay had dessyred, 
pat was a kyng in hia coete, & couet full 
13336 Ylixea, of long tyme, on lyue forto se. 
nc from pen laght he his leue, 3i the lord Ranked, 

diuD^ Fast -mto port, puld vp hJs sayles, 

To Anthenor the tore kyng tumyi belyae. 
1 3310 And be, war of fiat worthy, welcomet hym feire, 
Mykell cheiissht the choiae kyug witA a ch«Te 

And welcomd ^t worthy, as he wele conllta. 
Hhew There were tythynge* hym told of his triet 

L realiue, 

13344 And of Penelope, hia owne pure wy^ 

Jjai had keppit Mr fall cloiae as a oleane lady, 
"With myche worship & wyn, fat hym wele 

Thelamoc, hia tni eun, tything^t had herd, 
m, ud 1 3348 Pat hia fader in feie was fetkit to lond 
' ha WitA Antenor the tru : he trussit hym thednr, 

^ And all tythinges hym told of his tried moder. 

"^ How Enmyea were egurly entrid his rewme, 

13392 ffor to hold hit with bond, & witA hole strenghL 
i-ifKi pexL Vliiea full lynely the lege (kyng) prayet, 

To kture in his company wttA knightec a few, 
Hia fomen to fell witA hia fpie helpe : 
■m^ 13356 And he aasenttid fall sone, sowmet hia pepuU, 
iitafaim Faat into port, pnld vp fere sailee ; 

Hade wind at fere wille, & the watur calme, 
Sailet to the Oit^ aomyn in the night. 



13360 Eueiy lede to the lond laghtyn fere gayre. BcMfcimv ^ 

)}an hnrlet into bowses all tiie hed knightes, (CiLiMti.) 

By the ledyng of a lede, fiat the land knew, 
When the fomen were fast iaUyn Tppon slepe. 

13364 There brittnet fai the buernes in hor bed naked, 
And none left vpou lyue, )>at horn lothe wete. 
"Whan the day vp drogh, & the deike voidet, 
J)an the past to the palaa of the pr«e kyng. timj "i* u» 

13368 Botha the souerayn hym-selfe & his syb fiynd, 
And were webiom, I-wis, on a wise feire ! 
A 1 what wise was Penolope pTOude at Mr hert, tihJohm 


And gladly ho grippet to hir goda lord, Pwdova. 

13372 )}at bo bad depely deseyret on dayes before 

In Bound for to se, mony Bad winttur ! 

The pepull of the prise tonn preait full thicke, t>« p«iiI« ii«4 

ffor to loke on hor lord longit full sore. wiiasu tbrir 

13376 Gret gyfbw hym gaffe of gold & of Syluer, 1^4^.5^. 

And moche worsahippet the wegh all bis wale 

He was enhaunsyt full high in his hed tonne, 

And BO treated wi'tA Antonor, Iiot Tbelamoc uimHtikH 

niS son, du^iMrtf 

13380 :N'auca, the noble doghtei naitly can wed 
Of Tyde Antenor, as the tale saise. 
There foormyt ^ai a fest on a faire wise, ti»Ict ud 

fTele dayes to endure, as horn dwe thc^ht, ftaond. 

13364 Antenor full tyte J»n turayt to his rewme, AWnoqi rtinn 

And Tlizes witA lykyng lenyt at home. 
Mony dayes ha enduiit, all in due pea. 
And had leat in hia rewme right to bis dethe. 

) by Google 

QTtie xxib 3Softe : ®t ^smis anb of ffis pass^ 
gttfl from Etog. 

13388 Ifow, of Pirras by prosea I puipos to telle, 
Wlien he twrnyt &o Troy how hym tyd after. 
To Achilles the choise he was a chere eun, 
And Dyamada doutlee his own du moder. 

13392 She was a doghter full dere of the derf kyngs, 
Lycomede, a loid fiat he lonyt wela 
Two worthy had the wegh to his wale graiin»ei9, 
Bothe,kynge« in hor kythe w/tA coioueanoyntted. 

13396 This Lycomede hy lyne was a leue ayie 

To Aacatus the ekir, }&t ekathill was in elde : 
He was of winturs, I-wis, waxen foil mony, 
Oumond in Elde, eger of wille. 

13400 He hade hate in his hert to }e hod kyn 
Of PimiB progeny, and presUy to hym. 
What caiiset the kyng to his cleane yre, 
Tellis not the tiety, ne trespas of olde. 

13401 This AscatuB wttA ekathe skerrit of his rewme 
I PelleuB, with poner, ^at the prouyns held 

Of Thessaile truly, as the trot^ sais ; 
And a-wuted wttA wylea ^e wegh at his come, 
13408 Pirtus wit& pouer to put vato dethe. 

After the takyng of Troy and the tried godea, 
Pirrua passed forth to }ie pale ythes. 

, ., Google 


He woB etithly be-Btad wi'tA etormes on ])Q sea, Bootmr. 
13412 And for wottie of the vorae vorpet ouer-btirde Ffirbs^ diiT«B 

Mikill lichea & relitw reft &o the tonne. ani oTntmwii 

Wt'tA bng Ubui, at the last he light in a hauyn, ip,i£(^ i„f, 

)}at Melaus the men of the maiche callyn, * 

13416 With hifl shippea ftlto-shent, sheuerit the ^J^"' 

And the takiU to-tome, tynt of hor godee. 

There leogit he a litill his ledis to ra&eaahe, 

IIu coggM & hu cablee of crakkyng to ricche, white mu 
13420 And hia tacle to a-tyie, jut he tynt had. inttnudb 

There hym happit to here of his harme £i8t, ], 

How his gmimBer vith greme vaa gird &o his ^"^tMt.) 

Pelleiu, with pit6 pat pOTsit his hart ; 
13424 And how he purpoet hym plainly Pimu to sle "lah^wta 

By his speciall eqiies, if he spede might. nv un 

Fiiros heivet in hert for his hegh ohaunse, 

And mjche dut hvm for deth of his detf HtMamiHib 

dfvut hcrUt. 

13438 Firms hym purpoat to pas in the night, 

jMt no wegb shold be war, ne his wark know. 

When FeUeua of his piouyns pnt was by pdnHioiimia 

And skapit bo Askathea, ^at hym skatbe did, 
13432 ffor-ferd of the fceike and his flEille sonea, 

He went taU a wildemes, & wond fmv fall longs. 
This Askathea, the skathill, had sket eones thze : 
The first was Lyoomede the lord, and his lene 
13436 jMt was graanser in degte to the gode Pirnu. 
And suster, for«othe, of ^ same Lyoomede, 
Hight Tetido, as I told haae tomly before, 
))at PelleoB in his pride poRheet to wyna, 
13440 And was moder to the mon, mighty Achilles. 
There were sonea vpposyde, samly men two. 



Boohi^xY. To Askatliea full skate, skethill of hor bond ; 

puiomcMa uid The ton &eike of the fre, Philmen was cald ; 

oTAiuiui, 13444 The tothir moQ of )io mighty, Kenallpes hcght. 

Prnbu HI hii Thies keppit horn in company with knight<» 

"'■ full mony. 

Till Jtaire cosyn irold come &0 contre of tray ; 
And put horn Jian prestly Firms to sle. 
13448 Sro the cite, the saute tyme, sothely to tell, 
Of the toune of thessoill, bb the tale shevea, 
Waa a l)uyldyng on a hanke, busslies TritA-in, 
By a ayde of the aea, set in a holt 
{Ma hii J3452 Betwene the biggyng on fe (bume) & fe burgh 

Waa a vildemes iride, & 'wild beste* in, 
Thedur kynges wold come, by custom of olde, 
ffor to hunt at the hert by the holt sydea : 
13456 Hit waa of long tyme beleft, & no lede there, 
Oue/growen wt'tA greues, & to ground fallyn. 
There was Kauee, by course, of ^e kid walles. 
And mony holes in the howses wttA hnrdM 
(toLMta.) 13460 Ouergro wen witft grenes and witft gray thome^ 
£uyn thestur and thicke, tbriccbet of wode. 
With an entre full n[o]yoaB, naiow olofte^ 
Ooand downe bj a grese thuigh the gray 
Piifu omewi* 13464 In ^islogge, witA his lady, lurkit Pelieus, 
Euer in doute of hia dethe durst not appere. 
Oft went ^at wegh to the water eyde. 
The Sea for to serche, if he so might 
13468 Fimis vriih his pepnll & his prise shippes, 
Come by the coste to the kyd rewme. 
When Pimis wt'tA his pray, & his laiBe 

Hade mightely at Melapsa mendit bis geire, 
13472 He tumyt Tnto Thessaile, hie tone for t« venge, 

uxLoiuly W1 

) by Google 


Of the skfuth & the akome Ascattu hym did. 

Hie heayell aboue on pe bume syde, 

On his modm halfe, )»e myld, fat I mynt fiist, 

13476 Wisly to wirke he his wit preuyt 

Two spies i^ill spedely he sped hym to gete, 

Triet men & tro, tristy with-all : 

ThoB he sent to Assandra, a sme men of olde, 

13180 A tiew mon of Thessaile, fat he trist mekyll, 
A ffreike ^at his &der £uthfully louet, 
And mekyll was of might in the mayn towne. 
There fid wist all the werke & the wUd craft, 

13484 How the purpoe was pat Pimis to sle. 
)Mn fai lurked to fo lord lynely agayne, 
Made hym wise of the werke, fat fei wiste hade. 
J}aii FiiroB full prastly presit into shippe, 

13486 To tunie vnto Thessaile, tmly he th<%ht ; 
But a tempest hym toke o the tonit ythes, 
J>at myche laburt the lede er he lond caght. 
Ixm hym bappit in haste, though helpe of his 

13492 To bit into havyn witA his hoole flete, 

fiio the towae of Thessaile, to telle hit full eryn, 

£^t foilong, I fynd, & folly no moie. 

The haoyn, fat he hit to, was hard by th e csTe, 

13496 Theie Pelleus in pooert prioely lay. 

Pirros, wery of the water & the wild ythes, 
Laoaobet vp to jie laund to laike hym a qwile. 
Bomyng on the Bocea in the rough bankee, 

13600 fforto sport hym a space, er he sped ferre. 

Hit happit hym in hast the hoole for to fpid. 
Of the caTe & the clocher, fere the ^ng lay. 
))an he glode Jnugh the greoes & the ffmj ^mes, 

13604 To the hed of the bole on the hext gie, 
Bore longet the lede Ingher to wende, 
Som selkowth to ee the seicle witA-in. 
When he come to the cave ^en.the kyng rose, 

ttaBVUhlB; ud 



Book zixr. 13608 Wele his coayn he knew, & kaght hym in armys. 
bj bu Ukaw la By tlio chero of Achillea he cheae hym onone : 

80 lyke waa the lede to his lefe iader. 

ffuersly tb« freike fongit him ia hond. 
P^ij 13512 (With) myche wepyng & waile, wo for to here, 

Jjan he told hym full tite f& tene ^t he ^olet, 

And the ekathe of ABch&tos, fat he skspt &o. 
p/Fihiu ii moral FirroB heivet in hert for his beds giannser, 

It till Dorr of ° 

the wTooc* dona 13516 And SO ))ai past firo the pitte to ^e pun bonke. 

Firrua full pn'tiely peisayoit onon, 
By a spie, )iat especially sped for to wete, 
ib?ii«iwiitd ))at hya £mee full c^^lj «Uit to wode, 

AcHtunn 13520 fforto hiint in th e holteg, & hent of te dere ; — 
fai (he bna, ™ Menalphes the mon, & faia nutjn brother, 

i^u. *jFd-. Policenes, faU pmt, piati men bothe,— 

M^Sil^ To Aakathes the skatbell >ai were sket aons. 

13624 J^an Pimu f^ piestly pnt of his olothee ; 
Toke a Koket foil rent, & Ba^et abone. 
Cast ouw hia corse, couert hym Jwfflith ; 
Gitd hym fiill graidly witA a giym ewerd : 
13528 WttA-outon wha to Jm wod went all hymone. 
As he glode thnrgh the gille by a gate syde, 
HaoMDMBpod There met he tho men, )>at I mynt firat, 

(ftiL MT 0.) The Bonee of the same, ^t hym ele wdd. 

to ui^*bK[iiMi4 13532 Thai fiaynet at hym freckly who the fieike 

*™ '"^ ' Whedur he welke in the wode, weto horn to say. 

Firras eaid horn full sono hym-selfe was of grece, 
Wiih hia company oarefoll comyn out of troy, 
13536 Wold kaire to hia cnntie & his kythe bom ; 
thithaiudtHii And pera ship was to-shent in the shyie wawes, 

udniuu ffast by at the banke of the bare Tie, 

^^j^ And all diownet in the depe, sane duly hym- 

13540 ffyue hundreth in fleto wttA the flode lost 



" Thus I skope &o tho akathe witA skynne of BMtgrr. 
my hoDdes, 

And viith waves of the water wagget to bonke : 

Halfe lyues on londe light I myn one. 
13544 The Bali water aadl; eanke in my wombe, 

pat 1 Toidet w»t& vomettM by vertu of goddes, 

And wayuerand, weike, wan to the lond, 

Thmgh the slioche and the alyme in fla alogh 
13648 There tynt haae I truly myche tried goode. thu h* hii lort 

And now me boa, as a beggar, my bied for to mut sow bw 

At dotifl vpon dayea, ^t dayrea me foU sore : 

Till I come to my kyth, can I non othir. 
13652 Iffye bane ferkit any fode to ^is frith now, H>)iM*idiw 

Bea gracine, for goddw lone, ges me som itKrHdUm ' 

p«ti» "^"^ 

" fiblow V8 Jan furth," ^ fre to hym eaide, 
" Thou ahalt haae meite for a mele to mirth the 

13556 Pan ee }iai be^de, in the same tyme, 

A giet« herte in a grove, goond hym one. AimtippMn 

Menalpee full mightely menit hym after, Miiuippu ' 

Left Pirma in playne with his pn'se brother. ua^^^ 

13560 There the fieike on hie fowle folowet the hert, ^^^^ 
ThoT^ the londes on lenght witft a light wille. i^t">^ 
Hia broder, ^t abode vith the bdd Piirus, 
ffell Tuto fote, iSf hie fole esyt, 

13664 And hym-eelfe on the soile set hym onon& 

jNm Pimia full preatly pnld out hia sword, Prniiu iiv* 

And the lede on the launde out of lyne broght. 

Than tite come the tothir, and no trayn thoght : (lu. nt h) 

13568 Fimie gird hym to ground & to giym deth. ii«bni|rpiit 
Thus britnet ^t bold the brethir, his £mee^ luiii. 
And went on full wightly, & hia way held. 
pan he met wttA a mon of the mayn kyi^M, 

, Google 


Boot XXXV. 1S572 And fraynet at hym ftiersly where the froike 
" Here at bond is ^at liery," the bend to hfm 

J)en he gird to (to gome wi'tft a grym sveide, 
And slogh hym downe sl^hly by elegbt of his 
Pjrrtiiu hutua 13576 PimiB full piestly fen past to hie shippe, 
unji umHirin Atalet byni full riolly all in rycbe clothis, 

ntunu to —u And coms, in his course, ))e kyng forto mete. 

^1^^^ pea he &aynet at ^e iieke in his fresshe wede, 

13680 Wat whs ^at he was, irete hym to say. 

Piiriis to the prise kyng pertly onswart , — 

" I am ft pure son of Priam, ^ prinse out of 

Prisoner to PirruB, fot pertly me toke." 
13584 Ascbatus fraynet fe frake on his faith fien, 

"Were is Pirrus, fat proude, fat prowes has 

done 1 " 
" He is weiy of fs whaghia," |ie wbe to bym 

"And hers romys on fe rocis to rest hym a 
13588 JKa >ai diogb to pe dike, for }e duk lay, 
And comyn by course to pe caue euyn. 
pfniiutriato PirTUS swappit out his sword, swange at ^ 


Wold haue britnet fa bu[e]me in hya breme yrc 
Tbeiii prannti 13592 )»n come Tetid full tit, toke hym in armys, 
iD^T^ ibr His graundam fnU graidly grippit hym osotif^ 

Modur to }>e mon, myghti Achillea, 
Wyf, as I wene, to worths Pelleus, 
13596 And doghter to pe duke, )at he dere wold. 
Jjee wordis acho warpit fat worthy Tuto ; — 
" I>ere coeyn and derfe, wttAdraw now J»i hond, 
Jkiw has britnet my brother in fis brode wod, 



13600 )jat were Jin emye full nobill, nayt men of will ; b^txxt. 
And now AscIiatuB wi'tA ekatli wold ekirme to 

Pat is my fader so be, and Ji fiist giaunaer." 

pen Piims fiill pertly to pat prise eaide : — (^ ■Hit.} 

13601 " Hna not fi fader full fonle flemyt mjn ayell, miHitaipuw 
PelleoB, of his promys, Jin awne prise buebond. dMin* Um m 
Let cal Ts Je kyng fto fe caue sone, "■ 

If he will Hpars hym to spill, I epede me Jerto." 
13608 Felleua come prestly, piaid for Js kyi%: — PtiHapiHii 

" Hit saf&a," he saide, " Je elagli of hia chlldttr, 

Pe bold, [>at were britnet on Je bent syde." 

Pea acoid waa Jet knyt )>o kyngie betwene, pmo )• (on- 

13612 fFiill frenchip and fyn festnyt wi'tA hond. taeoaatiitDH. 

J}eT Jai setyn on Je Boile, Jo sonerana togedur, 

The two kyngia full kant, and Je dene qwene, 

And PJrrus, fe pert knyght, pnidly besyde. 
13616 Aschatus Jen skepe furth witA his akin woidia, 

J)at waa kyng of Je coat by conquest til Je» : — 4™ti«, ww 

"I am febyll and mfera iaUyn into elde, ■inn.ji'id'taki 

Any lem forto lewle, or to ryde forth : pjruim. 

13620 My aona now ate alayn, & slnngyn to gioimd, 

))at I had purpost Jia prouyns playnly to haoe. 

Nov lengis Jer no lede, Jat by lyne aw, 

pa soila and Je aeptur aothly to weld, 
13624 Bat Fiirus, of prowee pertiat in annya, 

Demyat & deme, myn awne dere coayn, 

I releehe Je my lygbt witA a rank will. 

And giannt Je Je gousrnanBe of Jia greto yle." 
13626 PelleuB hit pleait, <& playnly he eaide : — Fei«u>i» 

" And my ryght I renonse to Jat tynk Bone, fkriuiwbi of 

ffor it waa playnly my puTpos Jot Pirma schuld J^I^JJi'" 

pe terrage of tessayle and Je tryed corone." 
13632 jMn ros Jai full ladly, raght vnto horse, 

"Wanen vp wightly, wentyn to towne. 

:ec by Google 


Pimu fall preetly a prati mon sende. 
Bade his nauy come ner^ ^egk into haajiL 

on THx aovosrsa of ptbrus and ov bis dethk, 
13636 The souerayn hjin-flelfe, irhen he »egh tjmo, 
AaebatoB, to all men afterward send 
Thurgh the citj fro hTm-eelfe, & the Byde lond, 
""^ l>at jche lede to )n Imd Ijaely shuld come, 

aiB.iua"«>ir 13640 WttA honour & htnn^^ (as ^ right ayie,) 
Proffer vnto Ffrms, as Jiaire prue lorde. 
fiayne were yo freikei and the folke all. 
And swifUj fai sireie, swagit fen hertte«^ 
13641 To be leU to ]ie loid all hia Ijt tyme. 
Fnrw* » The secimd day eayng, aa said is of olde, 

Tbtmtif, ud He was coroned to kyng in ])at kithe riche, 

(iHtort udb By assent of the seniours & the sore knightw, 

""" 13648 In fat son^rain cit4, wt'tA septur in hond. 

pajk he faner & frenship, fai fell to hym after. 
He enhansset his hede heghly aboue 
All the londis and the lordship, fat longed to 
13652 And his contre kepplt in conert & pes 
To the last of his lyf, as a lord ahuld. 

Here I tume from my tale, & tary a qwile, 
Till hit come me be course to carpe of hym ferre. 
tdmnn*. khw 13666 When IdonuKN was ded, doghty of hond, 
I. nccHdd) bf ]pe.t I told of tomly in tymia before, 

■ndTurtML Two Bonee of hym-selfe suet hym after, 

In bis realme for to reigne, as hla right ayrea : 
13660 Herion, a myld & mighty, was one, 

And I^ertua by lyne was his leue brother. 
This Merion hade maistri but a meane qwile. 
The lend to Laerte he leuyt as kyng, 
13664 And after course of our kynd cloait his dayes. 
(ifaL ttts.) Telamecua, the tall aon of trj'et YIixe% 



Pa.i NaoEdca had, fai noble nam Tuto wife, 
Doght«T of the du kyng, doghty Antenor, 

13668 He gate on Jiat gay vne a gode sone, 

pat Dephebos duly was demyt to some. 
Ifow I paa will to PirruB by proaea agayne, 
Of faia dedia to deme, & his dethe aftet. 

13672 AacatoB pe ekete, foi ekath of his aones, 
Miche water he weppit of hie wan cbekia, 
Gert btyng horn to burgh, birit horn faii« 
In a preciuB plaae, so Fiiros comanndit. 

TB> pobtb: op fobtunk. 

13676 Wen a mon is at myght, & moat of astate, 
Clommbyn all ))e Clif to ^e dene top, 
Has riches full ryfe, relikia ynow. 
All ^B world at his will, wegbia to s^rue, 

13680 pen fortune his fall felli aspies, 

Ynqwemys his qwate, & ]» qwele turnya ; 

Lurkia in lightly with lustis in hert, 

Geis hym ewolow a awete, ^at swellis bym after. 

13084 8o PinniB waa pnse, pniddest of kyngis, 

Had welth at his will, pe worthiest of grice. ptti 
A longyng TnleffuII light in his hert^ hui 

Oert hym haat in a bete, hannyt bym after. ^*^ 

13668 Ennonia, ^e myld, pat myghti disdrat, 
Elanea anne dogbtar, abill of chere, 
J)at Orestes po rynke ricbeli bad weddit, 
By manage of Menelay, as I mynt haae. 

13692 So be sped bym by spieB, & spense of his gode, nao 
jDat pe Udy fto hir lord lyuely be stale, ^ 

Toke bir to tessail fro hir tru maister, 
Orestes p« riche, that reguyt bir with. 

13696 Piirns wtU that proude preait to ^e temple, 
Weddit |iat worthi, & as wif held. 
)>cn Oiijstcs full lyfe bad myche rank sorow, 



Biiii>x»yT. Scbamjrt witA ^b sclialke, tiiat achent of his wife, 

onatoiatitar 13700 AbcI SO demely bjm did dere & diepit. 
iiiiiuMiiii ■> He had playnly no power Fiirua to haime, 

To hia leme forto ride & reue hym ^ qwene ; 
{fiiL M».) Bat be cut hym by contse, If a case fell, 

13704 To venge of his vilany &, his vile echame. 
FrnhMtoMio J)en Pimw by purpos prestly con wend 

thukiuj^woo Into delpbon a day, as fe dole bad, 

lonTMctkfi In bonotir of apolyn, ])at abiU to eeche, 

13708 And woicbip vitA wyn, sa a wale god, 

Wftb aacn'lice eolemne &, othir eere faalowa, 
ffoT offens of his fadur, ^t felU vas alayne 
Wrtft Paris, f» pert knjght, as preuyt is before. 
13712 In aparell of prise, on a proud wyse, 

He dight hym to delphon witA dukis &, othir. 
In his pal&is of prtse pmdly he leuyt 
Worthi Ectora wif, ftot ])e whe bad, 
13716 Andromoca, in drede, and her dere son 
I^mydon ^ litill, ^ot bo left neuer. 
And bo booudyn wttA borne witA ])b bold Pirns : 
And Ermonia |>e myld maynly was ther, 
13720 J}at he had weddit to wyue, &. in wrong held. 
Wen Pirme waa past, ^ia proud in hir yre, 
A men vnto Menelay myghtily aende, 
Bad hym tume vnto tessail in a tore hast, 
13724 Andromaca to deie, & to deth pnt ; 

ffor Piiras of fat pert was prtatly enamart, 
He had no daynt^ wjtA dalianse bis dogbter to 

)K whe, at )ie wordis of bis wale dogfat«r, 
13728 Tttmet vnto tesaale witA a tore ffare. 

He wold hane britnet )« bnrd wttA a baia swoid. 
And scbunt for no achame, but bit 8chop« fairs. 
Andromaca, for drede of ^ derf kynj^ 
13732 Lamydon hir litill aun laght in hir armea, 
Hyghet out of halle into begb stret«. 

, Google 


Made an ngsom nojae, fai noyet ^e pepoll, 
"Wi'tA Trepjng and vaile wo to beholde. 
13736 Jw folk, for >e fot;, fel to )iaire armur, 
Cayrit after Jw kyng in a cant hast 
jKn fled he for fere, fell to his echip ; 
Past to his pronyns, of ptirpos he sailet 


13740 Orestes full radly of the Eenke herd, 

J)at Pirrns by purpos was past into delphon : 
He Bssemhlit of soudiots mouy Bad hundrith. 
And met hym with mayn in the mekill De : 

13744 There Pirrus witA payne he put Tnto dethe, 

Slogh hym fiill sleghly, & slange hym to ground, 
And britnet ^at bold wi'tA a bigge sword. 
Then Firrna the pioude was pnte ynto groue, 

13748 Oiestes by right raght to hia wife, 

And led fiirth the lady to his lond horn. 
PelleuB full prestly and his pnre qwene, 
Tetid, full tite tokyn Andromaca, 

13752 Hii litill sonne Lamydon leddon hii wtt^. 
^ei tumet out of tessaile for toifer of other. 
To melapsa ^at menye mevyt to-gedui, 
Was a Citi5 full sure, fere soiomet ptd long, 

13766 Till the lady was deliuer of a loue Bone. 
Andromaca fat deie pat duly conceyuit 
Of Pirrns the prise kyng, as his puie wif& 
The child witA chere men Achilides was cald. 

13760 Wex & wele khrcTan in wintnrs a few. 

The corone & the kyngdome kyndly he gaffe 
To Lamydon the loid, ]>at was his leue brother, 
The abill sone of Ector, heire ynto Troy, Iniiiui 

13764 And in Thessaile he was takyn for a tru kyng. 

Thus Achillis achevit his awne choyse &ende», AQhm! 
ThuTgh his prakuiyng preetly all the pure otui*. 

) by Google 


BBBkxixT. ))at tbfl gnkea hade getton at the gnat toase, 

13768 Were delin^rt yche lede, A lanae at lior willne. 
And thuB hit turnyt, aa I tell, in a tyme ehort, 
Sow is lAmjdon lord, & tite laimd hase^ 
(fcimtj Boths the corona & the liytb, and a kyng noble 

13772 Of Teasaile tndy, fen the toyle loee, 

Pai by Eritage of Auncetiy ayre vnto troy. 
Here the prosses of PymiB I putto an end, 
Of other maters to mene, ^t in mynd fatlee. 


13776 When Troylus, the tru knight, waa turayt to 
afTnuhw, Sy Achilles, as chaunset of ))at choiae kyng, 

Htrnnon. As ys fynd may before in the — & xx boke, 

The mighty kyng Menon mainly Achilles 

13780 Gird to ^ ground witA a grym hurt, 

pat the Myrmydona Jtaiie mustur masit ^cu 

And bare to hia hastell on a hrode shelde, 
Aa for ded of ^ dynt, dreesit to lye. 

13781 Pan hit happont in a hond qvile thia hed kyng 

be elayne, 
By the myrmydona vnmonly murtherit to deth^ 
WhoBO body, as the boke saia, wea beriet in the 
Flow ihi ditar of By TroielluB truly in a toumbe riche. 

rror. miKKii 13788 Thia Menon the mighty hade a mayn suater, 
J^^"™' The fairest on fold J«t any folke knew; 

^1^" Ho Hoght to {« Cit6 eythen hnr one, 

To the toumbe of ])at tried truly ho yode, 
13792 Toke the bonea of hir brother, as the boke saia, 
Closit horn full clanly in a clere Tesaell, 
All glyaaonond of gold & of gay stonys ; 
Evyne ymyddes all men, memell to se, 
13796 Waynyt vp to the welkyn, as a wan clowde, 

) by Google 


And neuor apperit to Uie pepuU in pat place Bootmy. 

The foike, foi f>at ferly, futhlj bar holdyn 
A Goddea full gloriua, for grace fat hir feU, 
13800 Oi a doghter, f&j dein;t, of a due god. 

So thiee geutillis a-iu^et^ & for iuate lieldl 

) by Google 

(um^) ^e xntj Bolu : ®C t^e Bttlie of ITIixcs Sg 

As YluLSS the loide lay for tg alepe, 
Wi'tA-outyn noise on a night in his naked bed, 
viTBHisi 13804 He vraa drecchit in a dteame, & in dred broght, 
iMdjafniipuiiiii ^t all cliaimget his chere & bis choise bcrt. 

He eegh an ymage full noble A of a new ahap, 
ffaire of ffetnra & fresahe, of a &e woman, 
13808 Oi ellis a goddee full gay, as the gome fH>ght. 
B* ngdtT He dcssyrit full depely Jut depe forto hondle, 

nnbru* twr: And ^t blight foT to bras in hia big annaa ; 

•Im (hnn him; Jut hym thught fat ho f roly frappit away, 

dKiuwtfaa 13812 And o fer &o the freilie foundit to kepe, 

ftwfti] pvultj ll« 

wooid iHu. To pat noble, onone, ho neghit agayne, 

And spiid at hym specially what he speike wold. 
" I wold dele wt'tft )ie damyaell," pe duke to hii 
13816 " To know the fuB kyndly, oa my dene luff." 
J)an the lady to Vlixea, aa fe lede J>oght, 
Said hym full aone, all in aad wordes ; — 
" Now full hard & Tnhappy ia J>i hegh lust, 
13820 ^t ]N>n conetus vnkyndly to couple wttA me : 
Hit ia nedfuU, wt'tA noye, onone afl«r ^is. 
The tone dauly be ded, by domya of right." 
^™« "" ' J)an hit semyt to f 6 Bouerain, Jwt ^ sure lady 

iwocdiDhir 13824 Had a glaive, a full grym, grippit in honde; 



Aiid a-bone hit ho boie, on the bright end, boqIiIXxvl 

A Giydell foil gay, giet-fnll of fiche, iiiiDd,»d«iik* 

CorioB & crafty, clene to be-holde. ei ui. 

13828 )Mn hit semet, for-aothe, Jxit fa selfe woman 

Wold hane farjn hym fro, but fitst ho hym said. 
" This U a signe, for-aothe, of a otk, Emperoor, ™" a»rf«w tin 
And the coninnctoun Tniast is Joynit n be- ontiiaiBd 

13833 Is cara for to come, wttA a cold ende." 

Than waknet the vegh of his wan slepe, toallobt m^lr 

>fyche dut he his dnme, & died faym fertore. foL m ^) 
Anone as the night past, the noble kyng sent 

13836 ffor Devinoura fall duly, & of depe wit. 

When yid comyn were to conrt, he the case told 

Of the note in the night & the new dreme. 

All wiston tho wise, by the wei;his tale, ti» WTtom 


1 3810 He ahnld duly be ded of his derfe sone. ftitti bj uw 

Hit fell hym by fortune of a foole end. "^ 

))an yiises the lege kyng, of his lyf feeid, 
Jelamocus he take, his tni sone, R* «>»■ 

13814 Stoke hym in a stith hoose, & stueme men to t 
Wallit full wele, wiVt water aboute. 
Thus he keppit hym full dobe, & in caie held, 
jMt no whe to hym wan but wardens full snie. 

13848 Hit tide, as I told haue in tyntea before, 
}>at Ylixes wttft a lady in a lond dweUit, 
High[t] Gercea, foi-sotfa, as I eud eie. 
He bade a child wVtA ^ot choise was a chere eone, 

13855 PfA TelagoniiM in his tyme tnily was cald i 
And none wist hit, I-wis, bat his wale moder, 
Pai consayuit of the kyng, & a knave here. 
When the fiteike had the fttlle of xr*™ yeies, i 

13856 He fraynit at the fre, who his fader was, h 
In what lond he was lent, & if he lyue hade. r 


Slio layoit hit full long, & list not to t«Oe, 
ffor the sake of hir sonc^ leat he Boght furtli. . 
13860 This mild of his moder eo maiiily deasiiet, 

)>at ho said hTia o aycher, all in eoche worde^ 
jpat Ylizea the lord vas his leae &dei ; 
And enfoarmet hym fully of ^ fre rewme, 

13864 J}at the vorthy in-wonet, as a wale kyng. 
Thelagonitu of the tale truly was fayne, 
And depely dessyiet the dnke for to knowe. 
He purpost hym plainly to pas oner sea, 

13865 The soueniin to seche, and be so mj^ht. 
The mon at his moder mekely toke leae, 
fferlcit to the flode in a felle hast. 

The lady hir lene son lynely can pray, 
13872 To hie hym in hast hom to his moder. 

The bueme vnto bote bnsket onone. 
Past oner the pale and the pale ythes. 
So long had he labnrt, & the loid BOght, 

13876 Jlat he come to Acaya, fen thekyng dw^ellit 
There arofe he full ladly, laght to ^e bonke, 
Past to the palais of the pure kyng, 
There were kepais full cant at the doae yatis, 

1 3880 Jlat no bneme was so bold ^e brigge for to entre. 
Jiai denyet hym onone o no kyn wise ; 
ffot the! kepe wold the comanndement of ^ora 

kynd lord, 
ffast pmyet the prinae, all wi'tA pnie woidis, 

13884 Of Stenahip, & fauour, and in faire wise. 

ffull stuendy wilA strenght ^ai atourket hym fan, 
Bere hym hak on ^ brigge, bet hym witA-elL 
Telagonitu, fiill tyte, tenet p«rwith. 

13888 When he soffert the sore in his sad yre. 

He nolpit on wi'tA his Nene in the necke hole, 
}9at the bon alto hiaat, & the bname de^iit. 
WttA the remnond fall lade he lizlit an£ure, 


13892 Wi't^ gronyng & grjm gert hym to stjat, 
Cast horn oner clanly at the cloise brigge. 
The noise was nojxa the nohle court ^urgh, 
Bold men to ]» brigge bremly ^ yode, i 

13896 TelagonitM to take and time vnto detha. , 

)Mn hebnud to the hueme on pe btig sone, i 
Oneriaght hym full roidly, reft hym his eweid, a 
Sagbt vitA tho fiiorse men felly agayne, , 

13900 Tyll fyflene were fay of his fell dynttw, ' 
And he woundit full wickedly in were of hie lyf. 
J)an the raetde wax ranke of )>at night fare, 
Ylizes full lyuely launchlt on fote, ^ 

13901 Hopet his sone waa (out) shppit, Jiat set woa in » 

hold, ' 

And put downs hia pepull as he past forth. 
To the Doiae oponane neghit fe kyng, 
Vne wode of hia wit for the wale crye, 

13908 Wttft a dart Tudull fat the duke bare, ■ 

Segh his men to he mart wi'tA a mad childe, 
Jiat hym-eelf neuer had sene, ne for sotho knew. 
In oSens of the f^ike, wttA a fyn wille ■ 

13912 He drof at hym wtt& fw dart, derit hym but 
Tel^onitu full tite toke hit in bond, 
Cast euyn at the kyng wttA a cant will. 
Bent f oigh his ribbes at the right syde, ' 

13916 Woundit hym wickedly to the wale dethe, 
jMt he dusehet euen doun of his dede hurt. 
All ffeblit ]>e freike, fainted of stienght, i 

Wex pale of his payne, in point for to end ; 

13920 And weike of hia woide^ woinerond in speche^ 
He spiid at horn specially, aa he speike might. 
What wegh ]iat hit was, woundit hym hade 
WitA a dart to the dethe, & deiret full mony : 

13924 So hit menit to hia mynd in his mekill noye. 
Telagoniu* full tito at a tulke asket. 




:xxvi. Who the freike vob in faith, fat frayuit his nome. 

The s^d the lord was Ylixee, ftat he lost hade. 
• >* 13928 When Telagon the tale of the tru herd, 
pa.t hie fadec was lej of his fell dynt, 
He bnut out with a birr of a bale chere, 
And said : — " Alas! for this luxe, Jiat I lyae 
13932 I haue faiyn out of feie laund my fader to seche, 
Me to solas in sound, aa a eone ove ; 
And now I done haue to deth, in my decf hate, 
Jjat my solas & Bocour sothely shuld be ! " , 
Bi&uitotiH 13936 WitA feinttyng & feblenes he fell to fe ground 

All dowly, for dole, in a dede swone, 
Htrannni Whau he wackoutof wo, he van Tpo fote, 

Inn M. ciottM AU-to rechlt hia rohis & his route here ; 

uj bii lull 1 hUi 

13940 ffowie &usshet his iace wM his felle naJles. 
ion K Ml ban he fell to I>e fete of be fre kyns, 

dHduH umwit And told hym full tyte, ^at Telagon he was, 

His son, fat on Circes sothely was getton : — 
13914 " Jl&t ^u gate on fi gamyn, aa Tngrate felle; 
And if fon degh of thia dynt, by destany Jrus, 
(lu. HI 04 Oui« goddia graunt me fat grace, Jiat I go with. 

And no lengur to lyue in no lond after." 

Dijiw triM ta 13948 W^hen "VTixee fe lord lyuely peiwyuit, 

]}at he to Circes vas son, pat hym-eelf gat. 
He fauort hym laore faithly, & frely comaundit, 
To aese of hie sorow, and sobnr his cher. 
HnAiftnTfte- 13952 ))en foi Telamoc, ))e tothir aon, tomly he sent, 
phIdk till tuiwr. And he come out of kepyng to hie kid fadur; 

jy,p„,^ Wold haue britnet his brothir wi'tft a bare sword, 

fforto dere for f& deth of hie du lord. 
uirwftiAid) 13956 let Vlixes on lyue, as be led myght, 
timn totamu- Wi'tA gTonyng and grene gett hym to styni ; 

Bad pe lede achnld hym leue, as his lofe 

) by Google 


And cheris hym ctoiBly foi chaunse vpon vrthe. Boot xxxtl 

13960 Thie daia, in liis dole, fie dn^ti con lyue, wiiun imtdiiji 
And then lefte be ^e lif, & )» loud bothe. 

In the contie of acaya, Jier be kyug was, 
Ts he birit in a bnigb, & a bright toambe, 

13961 And Telamoce hia tor bod takyn for kyng, TrinnnAiu ii 
ffnll Besit of ^e eoile, with septur in bond ; TdtgDnu i* 
And Telagon, bia tru biotbir, tri[e]dly bonourit, Mida^inn. 
yfith mycbe woicbip & wele, in bia wale court, 

139C8 Til a jet was full yore, yaibit to end, 

And a balfe, et ^at end bappit to faio. 

He made bym knyght in his court, & couet to 

All bia lyf in bia lond, wi'tft lordchJp to baue. 
13972 Jjen letteria bad fie lede fro hie lefe modwr, hii moiiw, 

fforto high bym in bast, & bia borne laite : to num humi. 

So lefte be fe lond of his lele brotbii, 

Soght horn to Ceicea wi'tA eolas ynogb. 
13976 Micbe worobip had )ie whe of hia wale Jrendia, Hsving n«i«>d 

Gay giftys and grcte, qwen be go wold. Hnti^ ha puta 

At fe partyng was pit4 of )io pure knygbtis, „a nt™ m " 

Micbe wepyng & wail, wetyng ot lere, ** 

13980 And so ^e bold Jro bis hrotbir into bote jode : 

Into Aulida afterword abli be come. 

To his modir full my Id fat bym my kill buy t. {M. ni t.) 

Als fayne of the freike, as ]>e f re might, 
13984 Mycbe solaat bii the sight of bir aone pan, 

To se the lede vppon lyue, fat bo louet most : 

Wende tbe wegh bode bene wait in the wale 

£uyn drownet in the depe, hir dole was tbe more, 
13088 Or ellis fallyn in fight wit/i fo felle buemes, 

At the slaght of hia Syre in tbe syde londt».* 

* A few lines ftwantuig. 

DC|-:ec by Google 


BookmvL There were fey in the fight, of the felle grekea, 

(«d.ii»a.) Eght hundriththowsanndbrotliTOBKviito dethe. 

Of ilM<h*(k*iuid - I oj • 

•ttt^umo^a 13992 And sex thowsaimd beeyde &11 of sad pepull. 
^"^ Xhe Sowme of the sure men, )wt f e Cit6 keppit. 

Sex hundreth tbowBaund, eenja bimdreth Si 
Bex, on the last. 

ofiUTnjtBi Whan Eneas was exiled, euyn veie hisahippes 

Awnd 13996 Two hundieth full hole, all of hede vessell. 

The troiens fro the tonne, ^ai taniet wi'tA 

An tenor, 
"Were two thowsaniid full thro, thriaty men all. 
And fyue hundreth fere, ]iat folowet hym after, 
14000 All the Bemnoud of Eenke*, >at raght fro ^ 
WitA Eneas afterward etlid to see. 

Xhe worthiest to weto, ]iat in wee deghit, 
I shall nem you the nomea vpouone here, — 
14004 Bothe of greheo, er I go, and of giet Tioy, 

And who dight hom to dethe witA dyntto of 


Thies, hoD«rahle Ector auntiid to Sle, 
Er the doghty was ded, all of dn kynge>. 

AnwiiuL 14008 Achilagon, a choiae kyng, he choppit to dethe. 

ProMUni. Protheaelon, in press, he put out of lyne. 

UwicBH. Myrion the mighty, he martrid wfti bond. 

ptcrocini. Protroculnn, Prothenor, the pnse knight slaght ; 

OnHoiu.' 14012 Othemen, also, abill of pereon: 

PsiriaBi. Polexenu», Paralanun, Pollbeton, also : 

Pi4ypaM«. E.yng Philip, Jnt hold britnet witA stroke*. 

Tedynur, in the toile he tymit to ground. 

DkRH, 14016 Durion of his dynttea drepit was there. 

PUcUnu Phephnn, palomydon, the fiieise in the feld alc^h. 

AaUfbM. Xanaipun the Bouerain, wi'tA a Soie dynt. 

, Google 


Leenton the Lord, on the laond fellit. 
14020 Humerinn the herty, hew to the dethe, 

And Famen the fiieise, fey witA his hond. 


Paris, palunydon put ont of lyuo, 
And Frygie, the fell kyng, fonnget to dethe : 
14024 Antilagon also, after foisothe. 

Achillea the choise kyng, hym channsit to ale, 
And AJax, afterwaid, abill of dede. 


AcfailleB, viih his chdppes, chaunsit to sle 
14028 Emphemun the fnerse, & the prise Emphorbiun : 
AuBteroa the etith, out of atate broght : 
Lygonun the lege kyiig, laimchet thurgh dint : 
Ectoi the hoEf-j^ble, oddist of knightev, 
14032 Troiell, wt'tA tteaeon, & the true tyng Menon : 
KeptoIonLOn, yrith noy, of ^at noble was ded : 
Thiee brettonit ^at bold or he bale dreghit. 


Eneae also aimtiid to ale 
14036 Amphymak the faeise, wi'tA a fyne speire; 
And Neron the nohle vith a nolpe alae. 

Pyrnis, the pert kyng, put Tnto dethe 
Pantasilia the prise qwene, perteet of ladies ; i 
14040 Kyng Priam, witA pyne, Polexena his doghtei : i 
Thies worthy to wale, as werdes horn demyt, 
"Were martiid in man«r, as I mynt haue. 

Bow the proees is plainly put to an end : 
14044 'Ex bryng vs to the blisse, jmt bled for our Syn. 



) by Google 


L 1. Vaiitur m magetiS, Emg of EingB, or Almighty King. That 
MOMta* had the meaning of eh^f, principal, greatett, there are many 
proob, as foaiiter-tlreel, the chief or priocipal street, maUter-jrum, tho 
Lord or chief of a band ; and the names given to the chief officers of 
the crown, as Master of the Hoasehold, Master of the Ceremonies &0,, 
Ac. But the word in that meaning was much more common in Scot- 
land than in England, and is still so ased. Even as late as the close 
of the 16th centary the Provost of Edinburgh was called tht taaaler 
Mair, or chief of all the Provosts or Majors of Scotland, In an account 
of the rejoicings in Edinburgh in 1590, we find, 

" The noraber of tbame that wer tbalr, 
I aall descdne thame as I can ; 
Mj Lord, I mene t?ie maitter Mair, 
Tbe ProTDtit ana maiat prudent man : 
With the haill coiuibbII of the loan, 
nkaue cled in a velvet goun." 

Burel'B Entry Q. lEBO, Watson's Coa H. 1*. 
I. 2. Endla and on, ata" to lail, ^ the One Qod, Infinite, and Ever- 

1. 4. wytthe me mth wyt, endow me with the needed gifts, or, in* 
struct and guide me. Observe the s becenies ih in vntte, as also in 
«2qp« in 1. 6, and in a few other words throughout the work. 

I. 6. tlydgn vj^tm ikltpe, fallen into forgetfulness : J>y thmerytig of 
.life, through the negligence of tbe past, as in the expression, 'the sleep 

II. 7-a Compare with Morte Arthnre, 11. 16 — 22. to wale in hor 
tytne, to he found in their age. To Wale is to choose, to select, as in 
11. 373, 13S6, 13224 ; also, in plenty, as in 11 340, 373 } of all kinds, as 
in 1. 332. Wale is an at^. in 694, 1329, 1727, 1943, meaning, oiioice, 
good, dear, strong, deadly ; and in 1516 it means ubnost, extreme: in 
11952 it is a I. and means choice In all its forms and uses there i> 
tbe idea of choice, selection, excellence, superiority : it is a very- 
common word in Scotland, and still has all those meanings. Thus 
Boms, in 'The Cotter'B Saturday Night,' bae, 


463 NOTES. 

"Those Htrdna that once did nreet in Ziom glid^ 
Eb tntlM ft portion witli judicioiu cue." 
Again, io ' BalloweoD,' 

" Then firsts an' foremoit, Om' tha lail, 
Their stocka maun b' 1m sought aace : 
They fltuk their een, an' grape, an' xalt. 
For muckle aues, an' stranght ones : " 
again, in ' Auld Sob MorriB,' 

" Thaw'a auld Rob Morria that wodb In yon glan, 
Ee'a ths King o' guid fellows and rtalt of auld men ; " 
and Dean Ramsay gires an amasing instance of its nae in " Tfaera's na 
waiU o' vigB on Munrimmon Hoor." Of ita adjective wnse, take the 
friendly salutation on a fine day, "this is imZs weather." Sonth of the 
Forth it is miU ; North, it is vnlt : as in the phrase mil and totk, free 
ohoico. See Poemi in the Sucltan THaleet, p. 6. 
1. 9. drepi/ with deth, struck down by death. 

1. II. Sotke ttoriet bm tlolcen up, tme stories are ehat up, or pnt by : 
dt ilraught oat of mind, and passed out of mind, and are forgotten. 
L 12. ttoolcwet hUo (uym, passed away like a dream. 
1. 15. On Itttli U) loke, unattractive reading, lacking manltDess. 
1. 18. tumfei/nH ofere, some are fictions entirely. 
1. 10. a« ^ will, as be likes best : wdrt/t hit tyme, spends bis time ; 
t«m still means to spend or to expend. 

1. 21. old tloriet of ttiike, old stories of valiant men : ^al tutale htld, 
of bigb rank. Stithe is properly ^m, tteady, tlrong, tturdg, hence 
vtdiani. "Ala thai had 

A lord that sua rniete wes and deboner, — 
And In bataill aa wtfth to stand, — 
That thai had gret oaus* blyth to be." 

T^ Brwce, Bk B, 1. 884 (Jamieeon's Bd.). 
L 33. vxa, men. The common form of this word is loyt, from Ail 
wijfa, a soldier, a warrior, hence its meaning knight, man. The form 
tees occurs in ' Awntyis of Arthure,' 54. 3, and frequently in this work, 
and means warrior, knight ; but as frequently it meaos man, and in I. 
3356, lady. It is still used in the West of Scotland and applied to both 
sexes as a contracted form of wfgh, ungh {the local pronunciation of 
wight, wyoht) : thus, when a person is worn ont by hard work, he or 
she will say, " 0, but I'm a weary wee ! " ; and Hogg in ' Tbe Queen's 
Wake ' makes the Witch of Fife say, 

" Ne wonder I wai a weary wyoht 
Qahan 1 cam hame to you." 
Similarly the verb weigb is pronounced wee, and weights is weei, weghu, 
wightt : plongh is ploo, or plew : a plough is a pioo, or a pltueh ; an eye 
is an ee: and many more examples, in which the old pronunciation ia 
more or less retained, might be given. (See SpecimtM qf Earlf 
EngUth by Morris and %eat, p. xvi, | 3.) 


X0TB9. 463 

I. 25, to £«t alt the erafu, to know all the particnlars. to hen n 
bere to know ; in L 1452, to be kaown or discovered ; and in 1. 8746, 
known : it also roeiuiB to be Been, or, to the aiglit, as in 1. 1567. The 
word is still osed in Scotlaod with all these meaniags, and with 
another, to make known, to instruct, to tell, as in MorU Artkan, 2619, 

"Willo thow for knjghthcde kene me thy name ? " 
The part, kenngng is nsed ae a (. meaning huHoledge, as in 1. 2837 of 
this work ; but it also means a very lillle, in the Istul degret, as in 
Buras's ' Address to the Unco Qnid,' 

" Then gently scan yonr brother Man, 
Still giantler eiater Woman ; 
Tho' they may gang a lieaniit wrang. 
To step aside la human : " &c. 
1. 29. feU yere», manjr years : fele is an adv. in I. 1884. 'fd4 verfut, 
ver7 or intensely virtuous; and in I. 2100 it is used aa a «. the/airal 
of pa felt, the fairest of the band, lit, of those many. The word is still 

1. 30:< myn hit, to recollect for the purpose of telling : / lhmk», I in- 
tend, or, I expect to be able, as in Wolsey's ' Speech to Cromwell,' 
" Cromwell, I did not think to shed a tear 
In all my mlseri«e i " 
Jfytt, which occurs frequently in the above sense, also means to speak 
,of, to tell of, as in I. 431, 

" This Medea the maiden )mt I vtynt first." 
It is a good example of a peculiarity of the langnage of this wojk 
which cannot (ail to be noticed, — the dropping of the d and t sounds in 
certain words, aa in contaund (= commanded), 11. 2557, 2564, graamtr, 
1. 2169, a practice which is Still very common in the West of Scotland, 
as auV for aald, hauV for htmld, cauV for cauid, callan for eaUaAl, 
buAAer for bailer, vxikher for water, hret for three, Aa ftc. ; readers of 
Bums's Poems will he ahle to snpply many examples. (See note to 1, 
847 of William of Paleme, B. E. Text edit) 

1. 32. for Urnyng of V3, for onr inatraction. Note the pecaliar use 
of team : this is the sense in which it is still most &eqnently employed 
in Scotland. 

1. 35. pan hom maiiter were, than they had authority lor : maitler 
has here the same meaning as in the phrase, " he was master of his 

1. 36. lympit of (he lolhe, fell short of the trnth : as a lame foot in 
walking falls short of the full step. 

1. 37. tnenfra, company, set (of poets) : in this sense the word is 
used by Wickliffe, Langland, Barbour, Douglas, and Henryson ; bnt a 
more common sense is, armed men, followere, from its original meaning 
of domestics, retainers. (See Oloasaiy to Douglas's Virgil, Buddiman's 
edition, and Wedgwood's Etym. Diet, a. v. Meiny.) 

1. 38. haUhiU of dedie, prince of poets, lU. noble in (such) works : 

464 NOTES. 

hiUhitl, hatheU, oconn Ireqnently ia Uiis work u a «., as also in Mbrtt 
ArAure, and Poem* on Sir Qaiaain, mectniDg a Doble ; bat it Is pro- 
perly an <u^'., and as snch ig used in oil then works. It also occurs 
imder the form otMl = A.S. ce^el. 

L 42. traiet |)« Irufh, betrayed the troth : trutl ye non other, believe • 
not otherwise^ or, take my word for it, — a form of OBseveration still 
ia nse. 

1. 45. folke at yai toere, as if tbey were men. 

L 46. vnable, impossible, 

1. 49. olkir, others : a form' of ploral still used. onett were ay, 
were always truthful and trustworthy : see note oa onetlly, I. 281, 

1. 49. verritfor nobill, approved for honour. 

L 54, graidly hade logkl, had thoroughly inquired into : grtadly 
and greidly represent the pronnociation of graithly, a prouun elation of 
lA very common in the Lowlands of Scotland, and in the North of 
England. Bums, in his ' Address to a Haggis,' ssys,-- 
"IVeel are ye nerdy o' a grace 
Ah Ung 'a my arm." 
Grailhe, Graitkly, Orailhnei, as ased in this work, and as still used, ex- 
press the idea of skill, ability, caro, and conseqnently, preparation, 
detenninatipn, completeness, success. See QloBsary for examples. 

1. 56. ueghet As hade, authors he poBBessed : as one may aay, " I 
have got Shakespere." 

1.57. eu))»-, each of them, lou^, assault, siege ; eo in ,fiar&our, VI. 
671. auemeiy, battle or battlefield : the word occurs in different forms, 
lembli, temely, temU (representing varieties of pronunciation still exiet- 
iog), and is applied to a gathering, a council, a battle, a battle&eld : 
see Qlossary. tee mtk fere een, saw with their own eyes. 

1. €0. Darei and DyUe, Dares Fbrygiue and DIctys Cretensis, re- 
pnted authors of bistoriea of tlia Destruction of Troy. A fair idea of 
the value of the works may be had from the account of how and where 
the manuscripts were found : still they must have made a deep impres- 
sion on the early French writers, whose works, through the influence 
of the Crusades, were scattered over Western Europe. 'Lo Roman de 
Troie' of Benoit de Sainte-More, which Ouido de Colonna so unblush* 
iogly appropriated and merely rendered into second-rate Latin, is the 
fruit of Dares and Dictjs, and was the great romance of the Middle 
Ages. A splendid edition of Benoit's woik was issued by Pro£ Joly of 
Caen in 1870 : the Introduction to this book is a fine specimen of 
learned and exhaustive editing. 

I. 63. toihyr, prop, the other, but here nsed for other, and still so 
used in Scotland, where it is pronounced loQitr and tither. a Tvlke^ a 
man, a soldier, — originally a talker, an interpreter, a mediator, as in 
Danish talk: an a^. form of the word still exists in Scotland in 
lulckane, the name applied to the imitation calf which the milkmaid 
employs to entice the cows to yield their milk. 

1. 69. ouerraght, overhauled : it occurs again in 1. 13898, am 

., Google 

NOTES. 465 

maatfired, and la used b; Douglas in h(s Virgil, 139, 28. d riffht hom 
hym-Kluyn, and wrol« (a hiatory) from them himself; but, aa the next 
IJDes inform na, the atory was too niiich condenaed. 

I. 71. for liki/ag to hen, to make it pleaaing to bear; thus Ukgng is 
need in the Htmlate, III. 15, and in ' Chryata-Kirk o the Qrene,' 13. 8 ; 
but ID 1. 75 it meana pleasure, delight, aa in Barbow, Book I, 22G ; 
" Fredoma maju man to haiff lUdnf." 
L 76. Gydo it gate, Quido de Colouoa got it : where he got it and 
how he used it any one may aatisfy himaelf who compares Qnido'e 
' Hiatorin Trojana' with the worka of Darea and Dictye, and the 
'Roman de Troie' of Benoit de Sainte-More. Altogether it is one of 
the most wonderfnl and moat encceaaful caaea of literary robbery the 
world haa ever known. See Introduction to 'Le RomaD de Troie,' by 
Prof Joly, Paris, 1870. Dictys was edited in 1833, and Dares in 1835, 
by Andreas Dederich of Bonn. 

1. 60. ffoto the groundei first greia = bow the causes of tbe war 
originated i ground is still naed in this sens^ as, the grounds of their 

1. 81. lorfer and tote =: mischief and sorrow: ^t horn tide t^tiar =s 
that befel tliem afterwanla. taie is, properly, wrath, anger, but it alao 
means the origin, the pnrpoae, the carrying out, or the reault of the 
wrath or anger. Golagrog and Gatoane, 1. 876, has "Ye aall nane torfeir 
betyde : " and Morle ArtJiure, 1. 1976, haa " — to Une and torfer for ever." 
1. 84. dei^e, daring, intrepid : doughty impliea courage and en- 
dnrance ; der/, daring and intrepidity. Both words occur in Barbonr, 
Blind Hon;, and Douglas, and are still used in Scotland. 

L 88. &edur dmghe ^ assembled tbere. The nae of d for th is fro- 
qnmt in this work, as in fader, moder, Udur, Uddrit, &o., and is still 
common in some of the rtirol districts of the Lowlands: it may be 
noted in the works of Boms and Hogg. 

L 90. buemei (A.S. beorn), chiels, but often throaghout this work 
it means men, soldiers, knights. 

I. 92. throaghe dynttet of hmd. A peculiar phrase, anggeative of 
enconutera in the ring rather than in a famous siege, but in alliteratjoit 
the poet requires the utmost licenae. Tbis pbrase occurs frequently in 
the Morle Arthvre and in this Troy Book, and is one of the proofs that 
they ore the work of the same poet. For examples in the Morts 
Arlhure we find, 

Sor tbow sails dye tbis day thurghe dynt of my handes I 1. 1078 

Tbaw Balle dy this daye tfaorowe dynU of my handea I 1606 

Be gret Qode, tbow aalle dy with dyat o( my handys I 422S 

Many dowghty es dede be dynt of his hondes I 3021 

and in this Troy Book we have, 

And mony deghit f«t day ^nrgh dynt of his bond. 1. 779S 

Tbow dowtlea shall dye with dynt of my hood t 8278 

Douttes vith dynttes he degbes of my bond I 10260 

Hony doughty were ded thnrgh dynt of his bond, fi2S0 




In theae examples, aod in uxabj otheis wliers the word dynl oecani, aa 
in the phrases "der/e dyntei," "djptiUt of twerdtM^ "deril horn with 
dynUei' Ac., the aimilaritj is not confined to the phraae, it extends to 
the whole sentence and even to the tarn of it. Dyitt occnia often in 
Barbonr'H Bmu, as in Bk 1. L 769 ; 2. 427 ; 2. 632 ; G. 139, &c. : it is 
still in use and often confounded with dunt; bat dynt represents a 
sharp blow aa with a stick or a sword, while dwU repreaeata n blow as 
with the Sat, or in a collision, and is used to ezpreas the palpitation of 
the heart. It is so nsed in Boss's Meiautre, and in Poems in the 
Suchan Dialect. 

I. 95. all the ftrliti ^ai fell = all the note-worthy events that 
happened : ferly is properly a wonder, but it is also nsed to express 
sQf sight, incident, or event tliat is anusaal or that attracts attention ; 
thus two friends meeting will say "let ns walk Ihro' the toun and see 
the ferlies." The word is nsed in both sensea in this work, and is still 
BO nsed, unto tin fart aide, on to the very close (of the struggle) : the 
far end is still a common expression in speaking of the close of a series 
or undertaking which is only begun, or proposed : see I. 2247. 

I. 97. ffragne mill I fer and fraist of fere werket, now I shall search 
ont and speak of their works. Fraiel appears aafraits in I. 10714 with 
the sense of to try, to find out; both forms imply to make attempt upon. 

). 98. mater, subject of discourse, or, the materials of which it is 
composed, or, the story itself: the word is still used in all these sensea. 

Boeaic. Ptlleus exit laion, Pelias enticed Jason : oz is still used in 
the sense of to ask, to ask eagerly, and, to entice. 

1. 105. lealii, selected. See note on I. 8. 

1. 106. Tetyiia, Thetis, In O.E. the names of people very often 
followed the acefitative form : as explained in Specimens of Engligh from 
1394—1579, by Skeat ; p. 448, note to 1. 4506. 

L 110. n« etill will I ferre, nor will I further attempt (to t«ll) : 
etill or eUle, to aim, to take aim, to attempt to propose, to purpose, to 
design, is still used. Ramsay has in ' The Qentle Shepherd,' 
" If I bat ettU at a sao^ or speak, 
They dit their lugs, syne up their leglhiB cleek," 
It ia alto nsed as a «, as in ' Tarn o Shanter,' where Bnma says of the 
witch Nannie, that she 

1. Ill refers to the story of ^acus, who, having loat his subjects 
throng a pestilence, entreated Jupiter to re-people his kingdom j and, 
according to his desire, all the ants which were in an old oak were 
changed into men, and called by .i^^acoB Myrmidomi, from fivpfoil, 

1. 113, prudal, moat powerful, strongest : so Wyntown has it, IIII. 
6. 50, and so it occnrs agAin and again in this work; for its other 
meanings see Qlossary. 

) by Google 

BOTES. 467 

1. 114. horn or hgrn-ieluyn, bora before himself, or, older thab him- 
self : or is Btiil used in this aense. 

I. 117. ttightill the Mtalme, guide or ^vem tlie realm : ttighUll 
impliea Dervo and power sufficient to control and guide, in short 
t&thenua: iu the same sense it occurs in Golagrat and Gauatte, I. 460. 
" Sohipmen our Uia streme thu ttithil full straught." 

1. 121. erdand, liogeriag, abiding : in 1. 923 it has the sense of 
ttill fowid, and in I. 2217, ander the form erdyng, it means livingt 
abiding : in L 4233 we have erdia = abides, makes abode. 

1. 123. Eydoi. See Ovid, Heroida, Kpist. xti. 

L 127. $tmly to toaU, comely to look npon, or, as comely hs one 
could look upon : lemliehe berynet = comely bairns, occurs in MorU 
Arlhitre, I. 655, and is a common phroae SlilL 

1. 129. /ellUt, fiercest, deadliest. 

L 130. may of hit v>ordy», heartj, kindly of speech ; in 1. 3745 Aga- 
niemoOD is described as, 

Meke as a maiden, mtry mlth all; 
and in 1. 3941 ^neas ia 

A man full of mekenes ft a>«ry qf hit chert. 

1. 133. imoonet aboute, (Uiat) dwell thereaboat. Perhaps it onght 
to be 'm lOOTiM aboute' =^ in dwellings aronud, like the phrase, 'w 
enirU aboute; 1. 1600 ; 'wi euntre aboaU,' Piers PI. (A) li. 129. 

L 136. a$ ^f, m tboagb, or, as if; pqf has also the sense of 

1. 138. lorde at he were, ss if be were ruler : so Burns nsed at, — - 
"The wind blew a* 'twad blawn its last," — 7am o* Shanter. 

1. 139. for dcttle pat might falh, being afraid of what might happen, 
. — lit. for fear of what might befall ; douie is fear or apprehension, or 
the gronnd of fear or apprehension. Thos, in The Brvee, Bk 6, 1. 291 
(Jamieson's ed,), 

" Qnhoi thai law me assailyet with thre 
09 me rfcht nakjn (Umt thai bad." 
«id in Bk 9, 1. 82 of the same work, 

" yone man will ill wyn or de 

For dovte of dede thai sail noobt fle," 

1. 147. full thicke, full frequently, full earnestly : tideke is still 
HO used. &roo (A.8. pro). CC Scot, tkraw, thravnt. 

1. 149. Qf a fame }at/er, of a rumonr that was current. 

1. 150. for a btire aunler, as a great wonder : bare has here, and 
still has, the sense of pure, simple, and at the same time uncommon, 

1. 160. pride bos here the sense of strength, prowess, elde, old age : 
as in the old proverb, * Eild and poortith 's sair to thole j ' 'paUied eld,' 
Meas. for Meos., Act 3, So. I ; nsed also by Chaucer and Spenser. 

L 170. A jtelue should be a nebie ^ on elne : so in I. 153, a nyls ^ 
on yle : cf, note to 1. 83 of William qfPaleme, E. E. T. £d. 

., Google 

468 NOTiS. 

1. 171. him, violence, fierceosBs ; for the different meanings of 
birre see Olossaij : thej are still used. See note 1. 1902. 

I. 172. bade vnrlce, must work : iude, a common word still, has 
slwajs the sense of compulsioii or Decessitj, ^ behoved : bo also bat 
= behoves, in II. 6168, 5643, 11722, 13549. 

L 173. Ayre, go, wend ; occurs in Morle Arthure, and often in this 
work ; ' I'll ayre awa hams ', or ' I'll airt awa hame *, is still a common 
form of speech, ayrs in 1. 176 ia a different word, and signifies to ear, 
to plongii. 

L 174. with itrifft or with liroke, hy main force or hj blows. 

1. 175. (ta ardagh wilt, in ploughman fashion. 

L 179. ferljifull, wonderful, marvellous, as in The Bract, 
"With MferlyfvU a. mycht 
OS men off annye and aroheris." 

1. 184. w^-outea payne other, not to mention some others, or, and 
othera besides. 

1. 165. ferht it aaxty, bear it away : for various meanings of ferhe, 
see Qlossary. 

I. 194. ay laslatid, everlasting. 

1. 196. slegAt, craft, thtytig of loordet, cunning ase of words, 
cajolery (see note 1. 1251) : ileU ^ ileilh ia still need. 

I, 198. He were aeker, he would be certain, for eight of him euer, 
never to see him again : for various meanings of tiker, see QloBsarj. 

1. 207. daintee yaogh, dainties in plentjr, or, abundance of dainties: 
the phrase occurs in Morle Arthure, I. 199, and dainfy, or, daiittith, is 
Still used. However, dainty and daintilh also mean regard, liking, 
relish, OS in 1. 463 of this work, and in Wyntoun, IX. 1. 54 : dainty also 
means worthy, good-looking, lovely, as in Bums's song, ' Dainty Davie.' 

1. 216. d ^u/urie holdyn, and thou (shall be) esteemed a conqueror : 
fuTM, fierce, baa here tlie sense of overbearing, irresistible. 

1. 223. me set, sait me, become me : §el is so nsed in The Bruce 
(Bk 1, 1. 394), in HenryBon (Bamiatyne Poems, p. 104) ; and in ' The 
Qentte Bhepberd,' Madge says of Bauldy, 

" It lett hhu wed, wi' vile nnscrapit tongne. 
To oast up whetiier I be auld or ; ooog I " 

1. 225. fiamoad of gold, gleaming with gold : flamond so used by 
Barbour, 8. 196, 

1. 232. hal wilt, best style, finest display : a common phrase still. 
Some say it is a corruption of the old law term ' best advise' (see Scot* 
Acts') : the French phrase ' at point deviee,' with the utmost ezactnesa, 
countenances the explanation ; best wise occurs in Bruce, Bk 8, 1. 72, 
and Bk 10, 1. 563.^ 

I. 248. with a sqfi wille, with a serious inlention ; for the various 
meanings and uses of »ad, see Qlossary. 

re quoted, referenca 

) by Google 

K0TE3. 469 

I. 258. Hi put noghl mpoitible PelUtit tnordu, be deemed tho pro- 
miseB of Pel i as not impossible. 

]. 26-1. He ertid, be shaped his coarse, directed, hastened, ertt 
is still used in Scotland ; for its different meanings in this vork, see 

1. 270. ]» thyra wagha, the wild waves, the open sea : loagha 
occuiB in 1. 5586 as vxicht*, with the sense of tnalert, toundingt, 

I. 273. ablll of hit erafte, skilfal in his work : abU is a common 
term to express one's superiority in his work or profession, as, an abU 
workman, an able minister. 

1. 278. forematt, greatest : is used to express the highest position 
of place, power, ability, or value. 

1. 281. alUiiJig, everything: see note, 1, 133. onetllsf, completely, 
thoroughly : onetlly has also the meaning decently, respectably, as in I. 
1600 ; also a meaniug implying a combination of both complete or 
thorongh and decent or respectable ; and this is the meaning in that 
phrase of Bums, " honest men and bonnie lasses." 

L 293. at I leene, as I wot, as I nnderatand. 

I. 298. too ^fU iraae lyet, whoever believes (the atoiy) may. 

I. 299. hdU yatet, the gates of hell. 

1. 300. eoght, caught : often, oaght : both forms still in nee. 

I. 301. tht ehte of fat euriet In, the entrance of that cursed abode : 
a clote is a narrow passage to a castle or stronghold, as in II. 11173 and 
12982, or, simply, an entrance, or gate, as here: also, the enclosure be- 
hind a house. Every one who has visited Edinburgh will remember 
the cloies and ealrieg of the High Street and Oanongate ; for In see 
noU, 1. 2156. 

I. 302. So dang he fat dog, he so heat that dog ; dang is so need by 
Wyntoun, Barbour, Blind Harry, and indeed aU the Scottish poets, and 
is still used. For the various forms and meanings of the word, which 
occur in this work, see Qlossary, Day, Dgng, Dang, dynl of kit 
vKtppon, a stock phrase in tiie Morte Arihure and in this work, which 
becomes dynlet of hondet, dytUet of iwerdet, by way of variety. 

1. 303. warlag, monster : so pronounced, and with the same mean- 
ing still ; it is so used by Dunbar, and Lindsay as toarlo, which is 
another pronunciation. v>an alter =^ black venom, black gore, filthy 
blood : won is so used by Blind Harry and Douglas. atUr may be here 
rendered pUi. For other meanings of atier, sea Qlossaiy : in I. 2286 it 
is a verb, to embitter, to cause sorrow or suffering. 

I. 315. Iran, conquered : occurs frequently in this work, and is still 
in use. at kU mille agkt, held it in subjection to himself ^ ruled it as 
he pleased: so Wyntoun, VIII. 2. 9, 

•' Of Kyngig imt aueM >at Beawt£, 
And mast had rycht t'am kyng to be." 
agtit eUll implies ;w«w(fion and right of distal, 

L 321, buema, people, subjects. 

1. 322. pai9, so in 11, 1378, 5610, = pdea (pronounced peel and 


470 N0TB8. 

jNnT), foria, tower% bolda, or atronsholdg : so nsed hy Bsrboar and 
WyDlonn : in Laacashire aoch a bnildiag ia called Bpile, aa the Pile of 
Fouldary. Ltelj, in his accoant of the Scottish Borderera, sajs, thej 
care little aboot their hooHes or cottages, but " coDstract for tbemsetTea 
atroQger towers of a pyramidal fonn which thej call Pailes," whicb can- 
not be BO eaeily deetroyed. 

I. 329. abtuihet, bowed down, hangmg: in II. 2517, 7962, it ie used 
in the sense of abaihtd, confounded. 

I. S30. ihoUi, clumps, patches : still used in the same sense, sa " a 
shot of ground." In I. 3300 it oocura, meaning guehet, ttreaau, ' tpailt.' 

L 332. lo loale, of various kinds : see note, 1. 8 ; and compare 1. 373, 
and MoTle Arliure, 1. 181, "vnjUe to wale." 

I. 342. aatmghe ur tiooughe ^:= tough (all these forma are still naed), 
gushing, parting, the sound of flowing water: aougk ia applied to 
express the rustling of the wind, ncough or itoongh, the lapping or flow- 
ing of the water among stones ; thus, " The win' was toughin thro' tha 
trees ; " " the bum was stcouff Ain or MumngAin along." mrej^il, lapped, 
goshed ; (UKp is dimin. of noap (see Glosa.), as lip is of tap or Uip. 

L 351. Steppit tip to a itreiU; a well marked Scotticism, and atill 
Teiy common ; stepping up and tltp^pang doun, express going to and 
from a place, itreght on hit gate, may be either, (that was) straight 
before them, or, (leading) direct to bis destination : both meanings are 
■till in every-day use. 

1. 353. m^Ue, eager : occurs in II. 725, 2872. 

L 357. ytpe, eager, impulsive : y«pa and yapt are still nsed ; it 
OMuis in ' Christ's Kirk on the Green,' 

jynenu, also jmarua, abould be ^^verM, jamtui (see Qlosa., derivatives 
of yener, misprint for yeuer, A.8. giftr, greedy, rapacious) impetuous, 
generons, kindly : this line represents one of the stock terms of our 
author when speaking of a favourite knight ; it occurs frequently, 
sometimes word for word, sometimes with a little variation. This habit 
of repeating himself forme one of tlie strong proofs of. the identity of 
antborship of the MorU Arthun and this Troy Book. 

1, 362. bowet, wended, marched, went. — the brode j/attf tbe chief 
gate or entrance : so called still. — or ^ai bide tcold, before tbey would 
stop or stay. Tbe whole line ^ tbey went direct to the muQ eo' 

I. 364. sifet, Bwept^ passed, as in 1. 1973 : in 11. 1307, 2680, tile = 
to flow : both meanings are nsed in Morle Arthvre, the first, in L 1297 ; 
and the second in I. 3794, in almost tbe same words, 

"And thane syghande he said, with sjlande teijs." 

1. 367. ha^ryng in wnyi, clasping in arms, embracing each other : 
haip occnrs also as a f . (see Gloss.) : both forms are atill common, as 
also the meaning nsed in I. 3699, — a hank, a fold. 


NOTES. 471 

]. 369. Gaid, went, passed : aa in Buros's song, ' Tibbie, I Iiae 
Beea the Day,' 

" YeatreeD I met you on the moor : 
Ye Bpak na, but fa<d by like stoar." 
1. 383. Be }an, by that time : eo in Wallace, 6. 125, — 
" SterayB, be than, began for till apper." 
and ID DouKlaa'a Virgil, p. 324, 1. 18, and still uaed. 

I. 386. Walid wine, choice wines, the best of wines. — to UKtt, for the 
asking : vele is used in the same sense in Wallace, 5. 346. 

I. 392. loiighl mio mU, entered the room ; in 1. 6614, lought = de- 

1. 394. etlit, intended, chosen, or designed as the one to sncceed : 
the word is so nsed in Douglas's Virgil, p. 13, 1. 34. 

I. 39S. Ikt clene arii», as opposed to the blade artt; the former 
implied edncation and ability, and claimed respect ; while the latter 
implied foUowahip with the devil, and inspired dread. 

1. 406. in a hood while, in a abort time, in an instant: the phraM 
ocoura frequently in this work, 

1. 408. Merke, dark, or darkness : still used in both aenaes : in ], 
3195 it is a i., and in 1. 4286 a vb. 

1.414. yeptly, qniekly, cleverly; see note, 1, 357, also Gloaury. 
yorJte into Eide, change into old (men), or, pnt into old (age) : yark, 
yerk, to do anything cleverly or quickly, as to toss, to upset, to strike, 
to tie, Ac. : still in use. 

I. Vi&. ^tbmy changed, altered, Tarted ; Uur, removed; in tliia 
BeoM^t is aUll used. 

1. 439. tnt, judgment ; so in L 443. 

L 448. no bote, no good, no advantage, useless ; bole is used as a tiA. 
in I. 3391. 

I. 453. Ene (eyes) ; this is one mark of the author's origin. Irtn- 
dullf a hoop, a wheel: so in Burns's Inventory, 

" Ae auld wheelbarrow, mair for token, 
Ae leg an' baith the trama are broken ; 
I made a poker o' the spindle. 
An' my auld mither brunt the trindle." 

L 462. radly, severely, intensely : another form of roidly, fiercely : 
■ee 1. 912, and Gloss. Raid, Soidly. 

1. 464. Air talent uku taken, her inclination was taken away or gon«k 

1. 466. fiill, satisfied ; so used still. 

I. 475. hardy, bold, brave : occurs often in 7^ Bmee, and in 

I. 478. dene hert, inmoet heart, secret thoughts : demt is still naed 
as a vb. in this sense, as in ' The Witch of Fife,' 

" We ^ilashit the floods, and we demU the woods, 
And we left the shoure behjnd&" 

1. 481. Shentyng, shrinking : occurs also as thMtyng, Awtljptg; ua 

) by Google 

472 NOTES. 

1. 482. ptre vxiriMp to taue, to savs their good name : aoriliip 
occara oilea in this vork, and generally in the sense of /(une, rmoim, as 
in L 655, &c. 

1. 463. bardyi, yonng ladies ; eo in BumB'B ' Tud o' Shanter,' and a 
stock word in old ballida. 

1. 486. burde*, tables ; liter, boards, prononnced hurdt, or, lairdt, 

I. 493. Wax (prei. of wax), grew, became : so ia The Bract, 4. 21, 
and 7. 487. 

1. 494, a» Vi» loot hole, as hot as fire : lout, flame, fire, is still in 
use both as a «. and as a vh. 

I. 495. Boael, pierced, vibrated, dirled : touet to the herl is a comnion 
expression stilt ; in 1. 5284 the fonn mune occara : both forms are used. 

I. 527. Voidi* me noght o/mliut, shaa or despise me not as TiciouB. 
viUatt of tunge, of vile or foul tongue : DiJaus occurs in Wyntonn, VIL 
8. 242. 

1. 543. j«nem«, kiod-heartedness ss generodty : see note on L 
357. y>mer$, cries, pleads : ytmer and iamer are still nsed, bnt gener- 
ally to express the cry or plaint of a child : for Tarions meaniogB see 

1. '545. pUU, position, circa mstancea, state : still nsed to express 
circumstances of difficulty, danger, or diBtress ; if j« jmfte vte m }ru 
plytU, occurs in MorU Arlhure, 1. 683. your parpoi to vyn, your enti 
to accomplish. 

1.561. leoehit, watches, guards, hence, dangeni, difGcnlties : for 
examples, see Gloss. 

1. 670. bgdit ^ere hir, bees their fury, attempts to resist their force ; 
for varioua meanings of byde, eae Qloss. ; here, it is to trit/ulaad, as in 
the old Bcotoh Song, 

" Hap an' row, hqi an' row. 
Hap an' row the feette o'l; 
It is a wee bit wearie thing, 
I downa bide the gieetle o't." 

I. 671. derfe and felle are favourite words in the Morte Artkure and 
this Tn^ Book; bo are the phrases derfe dedee, derfe dyntlee, derfe 
to^pon; while, ihe derfe Danamarke* at Morte Art, 1. 3610, is matched 
in 1. 8364 of this work by the derfe Trojane ; and, Detfe dynOy* Iheg 
dalle {Moft. Arth., I. 3749), by, Deif dynUu fai dell, in 1. 10218 of this 
work. So with the word felU, and the phrases, felle dedea, felle dynttet, 
felie w^on, felle tword, felle wot Oie fight. 

Both words are still nsed in the same senses as then, and in some 
districts the varAfeU is used to express eaeeedmgly good or bad, great 
or email, fierce or gentle, &o. &». 

1. 677 = for BBSurBdly tfas expedition csn have but one end, — 
your death. 

L 684^, Or it loere latoteen, rather than that it were known : or »o 
oooun in Oolag, <£ Gaw., 1. 1110, and is still so nsed. ehuldfie, could 
do such a thing as flee, or could be so base as flee, or had to flee : this 

NOTES. 473 

ia a peculiar, but oot uncammou, uae of tkoitU: for example, in tlie 
Weat of Scotland whea repudiatiag a certain line of conduct, a native 
will Bay, " I'd do so and so, or it were kent I should do the like o' that." 

1. 689. my payne thole, endure my stifTering, run my riak, pajr the 
penalty : in I. 950, no pt/ne thoUd =: received no hurt, vaa quite un- 
hurt. thoUtpasnU occura in Borbonr'a Brace, 2. 767, 3. 21, and 3. 435. 

1. 597. till ye fay ufortAe, till ;oa be killed : /ag and fey occur fre- 
quently in MorU Arik. in the aame aenaes aa in this work (compare 
GloBsariea) : fay, fey are atill used, bat with a secondary meaning. 

L 617-8. ])a( amder, that hardihood ■= will and power ; as is said 
of a weakling, "he has nae winter in him." quycke, mortal. The 
meaning or theae two Hues ia, "Of all mortala, I only have the secret 
of bo;r to'deetroy the power of Mars." 

1. 629. pU wirdU to fall, (that) this (good) fortune shoald befall 
me : vnrdU is fate, luck, fortane either good or bad ; it occnra in MorU 
ArAure, II. 385 and 3889, and in Barbour'a Bruce in thia plural form ; 
but it occara also in the aiugular (aee Gloss.), and both forma atiti exiat. 

1. 633. gvxne, leal, willing, loving : see note, I. 1809. 

1. 616. on hor best wise, aa heat thsy may. See note, 1. 232. 

1. 649. Bee, impor. ot Be, be jou ; go in 1. 870. 

1. 655. worehip, fame, renown. 

I. 656. gaU and goueraaanse, undertaking and conduct, i.e. how 
and by what means he should get to the place, and how he ahonid act 
when there : gate is so need in I. 2239 and I. 6138, See Qloaa., and 
noU, I. 1334. 

1. 658. lytgng, will. 

1. 662. fre buemee, noblemen. 

1. 663. pai, a section, a diviaion : ao in Piers Plotoiaan, and in 
Wyntoun, V. 9. 

" In >i8 next pas ybe aal ae 
Qwhat Bmpriowre fyral tuk Cryetyant*." 

1. G65. wo(0 lenU* after, may be either whoaoeTer seeka afler it, or 
wishea to know, or, whoaoever attends to what followa : fenf haa still 
both meaniDgs, to be concerned about, and to attend to; and it ia used 
•a a a., aa in I. 2462. toj^ tent = took heed. 

1. 671. Janglyng, prating, prattling, chattering: ao need in 'The 
Cherrie and the Slae ; ' alao iu 1. 2873. 

I. 673. ouerdroghe, liter, drew over = passed by : droghe is ao need 
in II. 4664 and 7630, and by Bums in 'Tarn o' Shanter,' 
" The night drave on wi" tangs and clatter." 

I. 676. WayiM, raised, mored np ; from A.8. geioaman, to turn : 
■till need in the senae of to mnd up : wayne occura in I. 9783, = to re- 
m»v6 ; in 1. 13796 = to atretch up, to riae ; and in the ' Awntera of 
Arthur' = to raiao, to remove ; 

" He wayned np hia viser fro his ventwle." 

1. 678. tAa dregh <tf the derke night, the time of the greatest length 

:ec by Google 

474 NOTES. 

of darkness, i.e. midnight : so in 1. 10633, the day of the dnigii, i. a tlie 
lougest day. dregh, dragh, is still used ia the Benae of long, weari- 
•ome, as a drdgh road ; aod the dreigh is also usod ^ the greatest part, 
the most tedioas portion, and tbe loDgest time : hence we hare the 
dregh o' the day, and, ihe day o' the dreigh. 

1. 713. he laid on his hond, he promised eolemnlj : to lay on ia 
here, and still means, to Btrike, as two parties do when thej concluda 
a bargain, — they strike hands; end each party in this maaaer solemnly 
promises: hence the saying "There's my han', I'll ne'er begnile ye," 
which is sometimes rendered, " There's my thumh, I'll ne'er beguile ye." 
he laid on occurs also in I. 934, = he struck. 

1. 716. helirl, belied, deceived : eo also in IL 8134 and 8447. 

I. 728. daaly, dolefully, with heavy heart : occurs again and again 
(see Gloss.), and ia dawlily (perhaps an error of the scribe) in 1. 9335. 
It is used as an cu^'. by Douglas in his Virgil, and still exists as dowy .• 
cf Fr. dtial, g^rief. Atr diititur, liter, made heraelf destitute, bereft 

1. 729. thuni, withdraw, shrink : this is rather a peculiar phrase. 

In Morle Arthure we have, 

" He ne Bchownttes for no sohame, hot Bohewes fuIlB h^he." L 3713 

and ID this TVcy Book we have, 

Shentyng for shame to shew forth )iere emd. L 48t 

With shame may |>oa shunt fro tlii sbire othes. 729 

Bot sbame may >ou shunt as shent of all knightes. 103T7 

Ne shamys you not shalkea to shunt of )w fild. 10998 

Neuer of shame to be shunt when shalke is on lyue. 11312 

And schunt for no schame but hit soliope fairs. 13730 

1. 736. what myndee, thoughts, recollection : myrtd is still so used, 

as in, " I had na the least mind o 't ; " bnt it. may also stand for j>:t- 

I. 738. i/our teiense of pe geuen arte*, your skill in the seven arts ; 
which were, grammar, dialectics, rhetorio, music, arithmetic, geometry, 
and astronomy ; see I'iers Plovmum, ed. Wright, note, 1. 6911. 

I. 741. lolcel not large, looked not beyond tbe present. 

1. 751. buiket, hurried, hastened: for different meanings of butk, 
see Glossary. This is a favourite word of our author, and many of tbe 
phrases in which it occurs are common to all the works attributed to 
kirn ; such as, Aiuit^ thee belyve, baeke to battle, buikes pere battels; and 
in MorU ArOiMTe we find : — 

" Bushes theire batelles, theire baners dUplayes," 1. 1618 

while in this work we have, 

" All buskes hor bateU on hor best wise.'^ 1. 10616 

1. 76S. be-daghe, befool, cover with shame : same as he-daffe in 
North's Plut., p. 105: "Then are you blind, dull-witted, and hedqft:" 
this word would be pronounced bedaghl, like laitgJi, pron. lagh, r</ugh, 
rugh, &0. 

) by Google 

HOTEa 475 

}. 761. heghl, promised : another form of het, 1. 995, in the same 
w«7 as Roi is often noghl in the works of Scottish writers : see II. 1823, 
8485. Both forms are still in use. 

1. 776. naile ihuldt, Bhould use or emploj' : naile occnrs again in 1. 
6031, = require, need. It is used as a «. by Douglas in his Virgil, p. 
122, 1. 2 ; and naitl^, both o^f. and adv., occurs in this work : eeo Gloas, 

I. 777. while tiluer, ought to be qtcite tilaa; sod the same error 
occors in 1. 3028 : a proof that the scribe wrote to dictation at those 
Hues, SB tudeed he appears to have doue during the greater part of his 
work. vihiU Bpoila the alliteration in both caseH ; but the mistake is 
remarkable in 1. 3028, where the word occura twice. 

1. 797. Whai he hit deuer hade done, when he had (so far) done as 
directed ^ when he had fairly begun bis work : deuer is still bo used 
by workmen in the Weat of Scotland ; when hesitating over a difGcnlt 
piece of work one will say, " It will ha a hard job, bat let's da our 
dsTor," meaning, " let us make a beginning." Jamieaon gives an 
example of this meaning : see under Detiore. 

Tlie omission of h in hi* is another proof that the scribe wrote to 

L 807. clappe thall fall cleat, ahall close quickly and completely : 
clap still has this meaning,', as in the commoD boys'-phrase, " he ran ioto 
the bouse, an' clappit ta tlie door," 

1. 808. dere hym a dyse, hurt him in the least : as in the pbrese, 
" no vwrth a dyi " =^ not worth the smallest article. 

I. 614. By the renke, by the time that the renke ^ when the renke : 
By same as ie in 1. 383, be fan, by that time. See note. 

1. 817. feyiit loilh/are, pretended by his action. 

I. 823. ipirt^ at hyn epecially, inquired particalarly of him : to 
»pert AT a perjon, is, to ask him : (o »pere fob a penon, to inquire for 
him, or regarding his welfare : to tpere aitks a penon, to ask informa- 
tion regarding him, such as, where and how he is, and what he is 
about. — what hi* tpede viere, what his errand was, what had brought 
him there. 

1. 825. long* am I here, I am long enough here : a common expres- 
sion still, when a person thinks it ia high time to begin his work or 
take his departure : sometimea it meaas, " I have been too long here." 

I. 828. <t your wilU be, if it be your will, if you'll allow me. 

1. 831. ^ to be blamed for your death, thould you not etcape ; to he 
Klaundret of one'* ikathe, is, to be talked of as the cause of said disaster, 
while in reality innocent thereof 

I. 855. atlei before, which had been provided beforehand, or, pre- 
vioasly provided (ibr this encoonler). 

L 860. bltuound of bmntton, blazing with brimstone. 

I. 870- to doll blight, brought to grief or destrnction : doll, dole, 
dot, doole (see Qloss.), is still used in all the shades of meaning from 
that of simple aadness or suffering up to despair or deatruction ; pro- 
nounced doot. See note on dffi^y, 1. 728. 

) by Google 

476 KOTES. 

I. 882. jepelg jarldt hym fer/ore, qpickly prepared himself for 
using it 

I. 893. Bit slake up, it ahat up : alaka implies greater rapidity of 
tnovemeitt than ttteMl: thua "he ateekit the door" impliea simply 
shutting it ; but, " he stake the door in hia face " impliea slamming it to. 

1. 897. ymur & aire, belching (of Sames) and breatliing. In Gloas. 
ymur is rendered fresh, wholesome fragrance, from Ice), ihar, which cer- 
tainly does not convey the aenae of this paaaage, and does not auit well 
in 1. 1575 \ but if we take A.8. yvthreia, circuit, course, paaaage, aa the 
root, the meaning in both caaea becomea clear : here, it ia the coursing, 
msbing, or belching (of the flames), and in 1. 1575, pasaing to and fro, 
passage, trafBo. Here, cure ^ breatb or breathing ; Id 1. 1575, it means 

1. 900. 'maiaiv.T bekoael, mastery demanded, or could wish for : 
maUlw ia so uaed by the early Scottiah poets ; bat it may have been 
intended for maislri or maittri or maiitrt, as this contraction is very 
variable in meaning ; or, it may represent the mygtir of Wallace, Bk 8, 
]. 23S = need. 

I. 902, helytie, then : as in ' The Cottar's Saturday Night,' 
" Belyre the elder b^roa oome drapplng In." 

I. 903. ^oghe. See note, 1. 23. 

I. 905. the gayre of the ground, the upturned earth of the field, i. e. 
the furrows : a surface is said to be geared when it is creased or fur- 

1. 910. Skremyt vp to the ikrow, bellowed up to the aky : »kroiD = 
scroll, expanse, hence, the aky : the mere common form is ihew or 
tkieio; but in 1. 10182 we find, 

" The akrew for the skryk^g & skremyng of folke," &c., 
and the alliteration demands that the word remain as ia the MS. 
Mhryke ffelie, borriGc yell : skn/ke is still used, pronounced akreek and 

1. 911. tmult (lit. boiled, bubbled), rolled : pret. of wniU, to fer- 
ment or boil: thus "the kettle's smilin' on the fire." Lines 910-1 
afford another proof that this work was written by the author of Morte 
ArthuTt : observe that they have tbe aame rhyme letter (s), which is 
a very striking peculiarity throughout the Mortt Arthure, to which the 
Kev. Mr Skeat first drew my attention. The examples of this rhyming- 
power to be found in this work are not so wonderful as thoae of the 
Morle Arlhure, p. 55, where there are sixteen consecutive linea and 
only three rhyme-letterB ()1. 1852 — 1867) ; bat they are plentiful : for 
eiamples of double linea, see II, 1245-6, 1247-8, 1263-4, 1517-8, 1520-1, 
1997-8, 2009-10, 2011-2, 2075-S: for triplets, see IL 3036-8, 3519-21, 
9666-8, while II. 3508-11 is an imperfect quartet. Observe too that 
the favourite rhyme-letters are the aame in both works ; as are also 
the Bubjeota aad particulars ou which the author spends his strength. 
Still the ifi>r(« .<4rAuK is the nobler and more finished poem; whicb 

) by Google 

NOTES. 477 

Buggests that ft waa tlie later of the two ; for any one who had written 
this Tron Book must have acqaired great maBter; of rhyme hy the 
time he got to the "ferre end." See note, I. 1271, 

IL 923-4. entand, see note, 1. 121. Ttoder, leidortis Hispalensia, 
bishop of Saville, about €00 a.d., who wrote Origina, an eDcycloptedia 
of arts and sciences, amaragden hit hat, it is called emaragdas 
(emerald) : for a full account of the amaragdna, see Natural Hillary of 
Precioas SUma, by C. W. King, M.A. (Bohn : London, 1870). 

1. 925. du eddwr, deadly serpeot. 

L 933. pyne to beholde, horrible to be Been. 

L 934. fuU dregh, full wearisome := full many and severe : see 
's Diet, under Drdgh. 

L 939. jtuU were to-gedur, were tightly closed : juile is dashed, 
tilted, clenched., 

1. 954. ffis/pit of Huffian, stripped off the Soece : fiypt is to pull off 
anything, as a stocking-, by turning it inside out-^os a rabbit is 
skinned. It is used by Lyndsay in his satire on Syde Taillit, and is 
still in use, 

I. 965. wee, a lord, a noble : in I. 3356 = a lady. See note, 1. 23. 

1. 985. on the fame, by sea : so in the ballad, ' Sir Patrick Spens,' 
" To Noroway, to Noroway, 
To Noroiray o'er the faem," lea. 

I. 1000. a Sourdyng mtk eourgrem, an increasing dislike and a 
desire for revenge. 

1. 1045. All redy lo the Roode, lit. all ready for the road, i. e. the 
expedition: in 1. 1180 the same phrase is applied to the soldiery of 
Troy just aaaembled to repel the Greeks. From these and other 
examples that follow tha phrase seems to have been used io our anthor'a 
time, as it is still, to express ready for action whatever the undertaking 
may be. 

1. 1054. euyn like of a lenght, alike equal in length : a common 
phrase still in the West of Scotland. The short description of Spring 
to which this is the introduction, is a fair example of our poet's power 
when treating such a subject. 

1. J06I. Sujoghyng of twete ayre, the ' eottcJiittg ' (sighing) of the 
sweet air. Stealyng of briddea, the swelling (singing) of birds. This 
line is a good example of onomatopmia. 

1. 1085. vnkeppil tcert ^e costet, the coasts were unguarded. 

1. 1089. Skairen oal xkoule-tBucche, lit. divide out (scatter over their 
lines) the patrols (the pickets) : in Mortt Arlhure, I. 2468, the phrase 
occurs with a different application of ikaire, " SkayreK tliaire akottefers, 
and theirs skowtte-waohes " = scatters their marskmcn aod their 
pioketa, i. e. drives them in : not " frighten their aliield-bearers," as the 
Glossary makes it. Sl^iyre, tkair, is to divide (Su.-Qo. thaera'), and is 
still used in the sense of to share, as in the phrase, " tkatr even now," 
i. e. share equally now : the pieces of a tisliing rod are called tkaire. 
ekoule-waoehe occnrs again in 1. 6042. The waecht, as in 1, 1561, is 


478 NOTEB. 

tbe sentinel at or o» « castle, or at the camp; the tJcoule-ieacche, is the 
soldier oQ patrol, or picket dut^ : in 1. 7352, nighlv>acche occars, in- 
cluding both tbe toaeche aui the iliovU-waeche ; but it rnoet frequentlj 
represents the watchmen of towns, for tkeltyng of harme, for the pur- 
pose of svoidiog aarprise : UL for waraiog of danger, tktlt is » 
rumour, and ikeltyng is spreading a rumour. The phrase occurs again 
in 1. 6042. 

1, 1092. wame, is " to givo notice," and is still nsed ; for example, 
tbe town officer toam$ tbe magistrates of a meeting; and the eberiff- 
officer mzrru aaa' the tenant whom the landlord wIbIibs to remove. 

1. 1098. The word nf your werkei, the fame of your works ; word is 
still used in this sense, as in tbe phrase, " he's got the word o't," i.e. 
report says so of him; "word has come to town," i.e. a report or 
rumour has reached town. 

I. 1107. ipedf-fuU, helpful, expedient : so nsed by Barbour, as in 4. 
486, and atill in nee. 

I, 1117. tiffe, plenty, abundant: still used in this sense. 

I. 1118. fraghl, freight, cargo : agaiu in 1. 5384; and in I. 13301 
it meanB JUet, a get of thipa : both senses are still common ; audsnotber, 
the pries of a paiaage, fare. 

I. 1127. wiOt-ontyn Ihr^ more, without further assertion, threp 
occurs both as a «. and a vb, in various senses (see Qloss.), and is still 

I. 1131. Jn the Urn, in tbe one, i.e. in the firat (division): ton 
occurs often, so does toiher, and sometimes tcgether, as in I. 3911, " Tkt 
Umfio Ift tother," which is an every-day phrase still : examples in Tht 
Bruee, 11. 12M, 14. 1064-5. 

1. 1132. Jiirie men of arma, a common phrase in this work and tbe 
Morte Arthure, as at II. 1537, 1897. 
1. 1146. fat ofer, should be pe toper. 
1, 1148. the forward to lede, to lead tbe van. 
1. 1150. punu on the laate, (shall) come last. 

I. 1158. Sit liket well Jrs Utrdee, it pleased tbe lords much ; like has 
still this active sense. 

I, 1163. here was used by the early Scottish poets in varions senses 
(see Jamieson's Diet), most of which occur in this work : see Gloss., 
and compare 11. 1432, C188, 6253. 

I. 1166. Silen to the CitU loflly and/aire, wend to the city, &c. The 
same idea is expressed iu MorU Arthure, 1. 1297, 

" Syland softely in, swetU; by theme-self ene." 
1. 1188. Compare the battle scene which follows with that ^ven 
in Morte Arthure in tbe attack of the Roman camp and the sack which 
followed, pp. 62-8. 

I. 1191. Shildn Ihrogh thot4 shalka to detht: so again in U. 
6780, 9431,— 

Man; shslke (lurgh shot yiHb ^cre sbsrpe gcre. 
Shot )mrgh the ebeld & i>e sheue majle. 


soTEa. 479 

Compare with MwU ArOivre, 11. 1857, 2545, 3748,— 
Bchalkes tbey scbotto thrngbe BchrenkaQde majlei. 
Tborowe «che]d]-8 tliey echott^, and mherde Ihorowe mailes. 
Hou^s the Bcheldys k> sohene schalkes tbej' toircbe. 
the last line is rspeated in I. 4116. Compare too with th« battle ecenos 
in Golag. and Gaw., and in Awntyrt of Arlhure ; and the reanlt in a 
conviction tliat those pieces are the work of the same author : for in 
each of them the same particulars are dwelt on, looked at in the same 
light, and expresaed as only the game person could express them. 

I, 1196. fitistke, dash, onset: bo in Mori. Arlh., 1. 2900, and in 
Barboar : in all three it is naed both as a s. aod as a vb. 

1. 1197. All dymtet pe dyn the dala abouU : so in Mart. Arth., 1. 
S031, " Alle dynned fore dyn that in the dale hoaede." dyn, noise; sad 
(fyn, to make s noise, to resound, are still very common words. 

1. 1200. widiotilen ttaare more, without a struggle, and never moved : 
tware, ttoeir, is still used iu the sense of rductant, making much to-do, as 
in " man, ye're deid sweit" ^ man, yon are very reluctant, or, make 
much to-do about it. The word occurs in Gol. and Qaw., I. 1053, in a 
similar connection, "Mony sweit tiling of moare swonit full oft" = 
Many a young lady through horror (of the sight) swooned again and 

I. 1217. AUe tuode, Oc..- see II. 3810, 6257, 6404, 6523, and com- 
pare Mori. Arth., II. 3B17, 3837. wode, mad, Turioiis, enraged ; thns in 
The Bruce, Bk SI. I. 804, 

" —ihfti ran rycht as thai war novd." 
and in Buma's ' Scotch Drink,' 

" When neebors anger at a plea 
An just as tmd as mud can bo." 
1. 1219. toptaglet otier, topsy tarry; so Bums in 'Green Grow 
the Bushes,' 

" And warty cares and warly men 
Hay a' gae tapial teerle O I " 
1. 1224. Se with-drogh hym a draght, be fell back a short distance, 
or, be drew forth a trumpet di a dyn made, and blew a blast, sounded 
a call So Douglas in his Virgil, p. 230, I. 35, 

" Be this tbare ormonr grathjt and tbare gere, 
Hie dratieii trumpet blawia the brag of wen." 
1. 1230. conioyuff kit conu, observed his approach, saw him coming 
qn, keppit hym taithe, quickly prepared himself (to me^t him) : k^ 
may here mean, to arrest, to stop, or, to prepare to catch or receive ; 
both meanings are atill common, and examples from Wyntonn, Barbour, 
and Douglas are given in Jamieson's Diet, ttnilhe, Bomotimes neiee, 
tieike, see Gloaa. 

I. 1231. Iha rod all to-roqfe, the shall shivered to pieces. 
1. 1237. caape, blow, shock, (O.F. coup) : for various meanings of 
Caupej see Gloss.; the word is still in use, and pronounced coup. 


480 NOTES. 

1. 1238. a warehand toound, wide, gaping, hence, deadly : the pbrase 
occnrs ia Wallace, Bk 8, 1). 732, 858. 

I. 1241. Andfiartgt, be, and struck, &c. : this line U repeated at 1. 
6263; a,iiA flange ia etiil used to express rapid or sudden striking. 

I, 1244. With a Wr, with a thrust or hlow. bir is properly force, 
impetus, hot is still used to ^presa a blow given with great force, 
rapid motion or whatever causes rapid motiou, or, the sound made by 
anything in rapid motion. Bee QIdbb, and note, 1. 1902. 

I. 1215. foole, a horse ; foU occurs in 11, 6400, 6451, and foaU, in L 
8341, with the same meaning ; naggi also occurs in 1. 7727, — " he neyt 
as a aagge." Both words are still used in the aaine way ; Buma, in 
' Tarn o' Bhaater,' aays, 

" — every nitig was ca'd a shoe on, 
The smith an' thee gat roaring foa on." 

1. 1248. Tkt boarder <^ Ut hamet brette* in tondtr ; so ia Mori, 
ATih.,\. i3\\, 

" Hie bordoure of hia baoenett be brisles in sondire." 
The boarder of the basnet (from this, and other mention of it further 
on) was either the peak of the ventaile, or the rim or collar tbat joined 
the basnet and cuirass : it is mentioned again and again in Got. and 
Gate. See Arms and Armour, by Boutoll, London, 1869. 

I 1254. kurht hym, dragged him : hurl occurs in II. 1969, 6660, 
10311; and harle in 2968, 5834: both forms are still in use, and 
examples of karh are given by Jamieson from Douglas and Lyndsaj. 

1. 1257. notpil to ground, knocked or dashed to the ground : nolpt, 
both as a I. and a vb,, is still need, as in "he ga'e him a nap wi' his 
neive," " he nappU him wi' his neire," — the ezpreBsion given in I. 
13S89, " He nol^t on with his neuo." 

1. 1258. roile, charger : the roile was the great, large-boned horse 
of Flemish breed on which the fuli-amied knight rode at tournament or 
in battle. 

I. 1265. caupyng, exchanging of blows, conflict, (O.F. couptr, to 
strike). See note, 1. 1237. 

I, 1270. ha»pet, clasps : ha^ is still used both as a *. and as a vb. 
See Gloss., and note, 1. 367. 

I. 1271. With a tteittge of hit sinorde mnappil hym in ]ie /cue, with a 
swing of his sword strutk him on the face : tviiTig and tuiap are favourite 
words of oar author, and are varied in every possible way both here 
and in the Morte Artkare. Having to expreEs the action so often ever; 
variation or shade of variety had to be resorted to, and after so good a 
training as tbe Troy Book gave him he was well fitted to dash oS 
those splendid battle scenes in the Morte Arikwre. As a specimen 
of the variations of expression in this case take, with the line above, 

Swordls out swiftly )m.i Bwappit belyne. I. lOMI 

Bwange out ewordf a, swappit togedur. 10430 

Bwappit hom with swordes till tbe Ewalt all. 4687 

With Bwappis of hoi swordes sirelt mony knightes. 1090S 

:ectv Google 

NOTES. 481 

Pimu nrapptt out liii sword, nrangfl ttt the kyog. 13fi90 

With nryug of our iwordes swap hom in Bonder. 11(X)3 

tad comparu with Mbrle Arihare, 1. 1464-6, 

Bwjftly with iwerdM thay Fwappene thera-aftyrB, 

Swappes doune fuUe Bweperlfe sweltande knlghteK, 

That all s*^lei one awarthe that thay ouer Bwyngens. 

Swappede owto with ft smrde that Bvykede hj'm neuer. 1. 179S 

. . . with ft Rwerda egge 
The swyers gwyre bane he awappee in rondre. L 29G8-9 

These are bat a few of the eianipleB of our aathor's variety of expres- 
aion : he givea at least iixteen diiUnct variationt of swingiog or swapping 
the sword ; and if any one wishes to extend the comparison given above, 
ha may turn to 11. 1889, 6699, 7274, 7340, 7769, 9561, 9668, 10390, 13024, 
13419, of this work, and to the examploe in the Jiorle Arlhwc 
1. 1278. ffnchit, another form oifnutHt, dashed, rushed. 
I. 1282. hym o line broght, killed him on the spot: occurs again in 
1. 1443 ; and in Mart. Arlh., 1. 802, we have " brogbte hym o lyfi : " it 
variee in both works to " broghtt oule o lyut." 

1. 1269. on a »opp« hole, in one body, in one mass : Mppg occurs In 
MorL ArSt., The Brace, and Douglas's Virgil, in the Bams Bense ; and 
it is etill nsed in the West of Scotland, aa in the phrase, " a good lup 
rain," or, " a good mp water in the well." 
]. 1290. a home: see note, I. 1306. 

1, 1292. for chaiaue vpport vrthe, for the sake of all they hold dear. 
1, 1296. Sloffk hom doame tUgkly & tlaimge horn to groande, Killed 
them right and left, and dashed them to the ground : tUghly is cun- 
ningly, hence, cleverly : ilaange, flung with force, or dashed, thrust, or 
knocked. Both words are still used as here. This line presents 
another of our author's favoarite expressions : there are two forms of it 
common to his works, which are varied in every possible way, ss in 
the esse of I. 1271 ; one is given here, and one at 1. 9038, 

Blc^h horn doun sl^hly wiUi sleght of his bond, 
while in Morle Arthure we have, 

ffor he slews with a slfoge be slejglite of hia haudis. 1. 3418 

And the tother slely Blyngea bym undire. 38GS 

That they bee sl^ghely slajne, and slongeue in watyrs. 4321 

From these we find tha( all the variations are got from three forms 

with the rime-letter «, viz. slaj, sleght, and slyng ; and by introduciug 

§lad» (a narrow valley, a den), we get in Troy Book, 

Hiche sla^t in >at slade of po Blegh knightea. ]. 6965 

Hjohe Blaghte in tbe glade & ilyngyng of horse. 600G 

Orel Blaght in pe slade & slyngyng to ground. 7G98 

and in Morle Arthwe, II. 2977-8, 

There is elayne in that elope, be elagsre of his hondes, 
Seity slongene in a Blade of sleghe men of armes. 
L 1297, watpide hom under, tossed them down : warp is still nsed 

) by Google 

482 W0TE8. 

In &\B Benn, m id qiMkiog of * wrestlinp matcli, " Qtej mvpit ailba 
donn : " it kIbo maaoB to epeak angrily, tauntingly, or vehemeDtly, u 
in 11. 360, 2683, and as Doaglas in his Virgil, p. 62, 1. 3, aoid p. 143, L 
53, — in this Bense it is geaeraJly followed by a prepoailiou : it also 
means to raise, to wind (bat still implyiog to east or tAnns), as in 1. 
11924, " bo warpit up a wicket ; " and bo Douglas's Virgil, p. 43*2, 1. 4, 
'*vxiTp np tbe porta :" and in 11. 10462, 13412, to throw or ton from 
one, thuB, "loorpif to the jaten," "toai^l ouer-barde mihill ricbes & 
relikes," and aa Barboar in The Sniee, Bk 3, 1. 108, and Bk 8, 1. 60£. 

1. 1307. And *iket full tore viith tylyng of leria y so ia Mart, AtOi., 
I, 3794, 

" And thane tyjltande he saide with lylande teiyB." 
Agua in 1. 2680 of this work we have, 

" All in Biking ft Borrow, with syliiig of terie 
Ho brwt out with a biire." 

1. 1308. Sttdtee hit home, seizes his horu. ha»til}f blawes, qnicUf 
Bonnds it : bo in Wallace, Bk 6, I. 823, 

" Ldt douD the brig, uid blew hia home on hycht." 

1. 1313. Kat vp hi* egh, raised his eyes = looked : the phrase ii 
Btill need : note, the noun egh is ting. 

1. 13U-5. Segh a batell come prickmd, b&w a company coming dash- 
ing OD : so in Barbonr, Bk 9, I. 142, 

"lliat on Htedii of mGkill prid 
Come prikand," ka. 
Again in L 1317, we have " ctme giniand," aa in ' The Oentlo Shepherd,' 
Act L Scene 1, 

" I saw my Ueg oome linkin' oei the lee." 
The idiom is stJIl in use. 

i. 1316. bluMhed, looked intently : occutb again in IL 2428, 9446, 
and in Mort. Artk., I. 116. 

I. 1319. (o be ttad to, to be so situated, to be so fixed : tlade is so 
used in Mart. Arlh., 1. 1926 ; and is still so need. 

1. 132S. on bothe kal/et, on both sides, i. e. before and behind : so 
in Mori. Artk., I, 1980, " on iche hal/e ; " and " tere halfet " is a phrase 
often nsed in both works, bhdy Veronyn, streaming with blood : 
occars again and again here, and in the Mart. Arth., 11, 3946, 3971 

1. 1331. Pricketjiiriht intopriie: bo in The -Bruce, Bk 2, 1. 236^ 
" Thai priliyt then out off the piew.' ' 
prite, conflict, mel^e, as in L 1201. 

1. 1334. fed of hit gate, fled out of his way : this idiom U still 

1. 1342. tohbyng <^teret, should be tobhyng db teret. 

1. 1347. diU <£ }e dgn, shonting and noise : dile, a saying, « atoty, 
whether long or short, spoken or written. 

I. 1348. toilh tent tumyl ]i« bah, in despair gave way, or, with 
bitteraesa of heart gave way: to torn the bacb is Btill used to express 

NOTES. 483 

■hyiDg or mnniDg from od eoemy or » cootest : in 1. 9474 tbe action 
u expressed by " to gjife bake," a phrase which iti ueed by Barbour io 
The Bntce, Bk 6, L 790, and Bk 12, 1. 315 ; while in Bk 8, 1. T3T ; 10. 
756 ; 11. 822 ; 11. 860, it is expressed by " to take the hack." 

i. 1353. When the Grehy* hade the gre A the grounde vsonen, when 
the Greeks had won the victory and the position : " to win the gre " ie 
a. common Scottish phraae still used to eipresa " to be victor," " to win 
the prize," "to come off first," "to excel all competitors;" "to bear 
the gre " is to hold the first place, to bear off tbe highest honours : 
thus, at a ride match the one who has the highest score is said " to 
have won the gre ; " aod after the match be " bears the gre," and will 
do ao till some one else excels faim. 

1. 1360. of fere wit paet, lust their wits, became insane: the phrase 
is still in use. 

1. 1361. bames on bretl, infants : a phrase in everj>day use ; as 
thus,—" What age is the baim ? " " he's jist on tht breeet yet," i. e, he 
is a mere infant. 

I. 1374. Wele viaatid no teegh, no one lacked wealth or spoil : leele, 
wealth, property, occurs again in II. 1696, 2717, 3356, and ia a common 
word still, wale what horn UeU, (the/ just) chose and took what 
pleased them. 

I. 1379. byggynga, bnildings, hoosea : conunon to all our Scottish 

I. 1394. Syn the fortune ftlle fat /aire into hmde, since fortune (of 
war) gave thee that fair lady as a captive. 

I, 1401. to lede, to live with, to hold : to Ude is to keep aafely, to 
cherish, to take charge or cere of, and came to be a common term to 
express the relation of husband to wife : in the same sense leile is used 
as a «. in 1. 10653, ^ leadership, guidance ; and this use of the word 
is still common. 

1. 1404. Wer wah/n, war (shall) rise : in I. 404, wakpi means to 
raite, to etir vp ; and in I. 2046, to wackon up ^ to spring np, to begin 
to act Both meanings are still common : tlius, "ye'U waken strife wi' 
that story," " the fire 's walnin np now." The Morle Arthure, I, 257, 
has, " Noie toakhtKyu the mere." 

I. 1433. letie hele in hit brett, allows to fester in his heart : to bele is 
to snppurate, to feater, as a wound, hence its nse here. 

I. 1434. mynnai, minds, remembers, broods over, u of mynd poet, 
is gone from (the) memory (of tbe one who uttered it), or, gone from 
the recollection (tif every one else). 

I. 1438. ffeU folke forfarerif many people made to perish ; forfare is 
so used by Barbonr in The Bmee, Bk 1, L 476 ; and in Wallace, Bk 
10, 1. 521 i also in Gude * Godly Ballalet, p. 167 (ed. 1868). forfarm 
occurs again in L 12118, ^ killed: it is still used in the sense of 
neglected, deelitaU, as in Them's ' Mitherless Bairn.* 

I. 1452. to kea, to be known, to be imagined, to speak of: fere no 
cattte woe Io km ^ where there was no caose at all. To ken is.atill so 


48* NOTES. 

used, as in the plirue, " There's naethiiig to ken o' " ^ there is 
nothing worth speakiDg ot 

I. 14G9. hert Ifai he vxill, men that be bad nader him, as a chief or 
leader: wald, to wield or manage, alao to poBsess: it ia nsed in both 
aenaes by Wyntooo. See Jaraieson's Diet. 

1. I4S2. yrivand m Armyt, proaperoua, hence renowned in anua, a 
famoas warrior : the phrase occurs again in 11. 2742, 6435, and ia 
varied into " ^rifty in armei " in U. 5450, S4&4, which ocean ia Morte 
Artkure, \. 317, 

" Thyrtly thosannde be tale thryf^e In umee." 

1. 1484. a Jyne tTum of lore, a very able man of learning : fau ia 
still nsed in this sense. 

1. 1485. pe laitfn Art^ ; see note, 1, 788. 

L 1495. oflfe (inter, of the sisters: this pi. form is not yet gone 
ont of use. feiTe should be /em. 

1. 1496. cUnnegt, most gifted, lit. completest 

1. 1503. color, shonld be coloar, complexion. cUimet, lit. purity 
(of shape), symmetry. 

1. 1606. tn should be on. 

1. 1613. tyde londit, for away lands : tyde is wide, large, or long, 
aa in Lyndsay's Satire on ^de TaillU, i. a. loog skirta. 

1. 1616. Soehe nkyng and lorov) tanke in hit herte; compare with 
MorU Arlh., 1. 3983, 

** Was neuer sorowe lo softe that sacke to my herte," 

I. 1518. horn, home. 

I. 1622. Ariedttg should be Ihricching, pressing, wringing. 

II. 1630-1. WiM wrightit to wale, skilled carpenters many, teeriyg 
to eatle, to devise plans, to lay ont the works. qioariouTt qiaeme, skilful 
qnarrymeo. gwaint mat of wit, men of long experience : qyxtint, (O.F, 
coin/) skilled, experienced, sage. 

1. 1533. raght vpon Towme, reached the fonndationi, cleared the Nte. 
rid vp ]r« dykit, cleared out the ditches : rid is prel. of red, to clear, to 
clean, to make tidy, as in the common phrase, " io red up the hoiae," to 
put it in order, dr/he is here = ditch, as in 1. 15CG, or =^ wall, as in 
L 13688 J then the passage means "cleared owl the old walls:" tha 
word is still used in both senses. 

1, 1535, of, from : is frequently used. 

I. 1544. wily were yk, were wonderfully thick. 

1. 1663. ieite, should be hutu. hibery : see Halliwell's Diet. 

I. 1665. wikked to aseaile, difGcuIt of assault 

1. 1567. lemly to ken, beantiful to be seen, or, to behold, 

L 1575. pmur it aire, passage and ventilation : see note, 1. 897, 

I. 1677. aylyng of thouret, fending from showers. 

). 1579. for welyng of rata, because of the wetting of the rain, i. e. 
to be aafe from a wetting by the rain. 

II. 1680-3. italUi by pe afrele, booths along the sides of the street; 

NoiEH. 485 

ttondyng for peopull, placed for the benefit of the people, vierhnea hi 
to torn, (for) workmen to abide io. and faire vxirts thaoe, aod display 
their wares, holhe to aelle and to st, both for sale and to be seen : tUiB 
expression is still used wheo working folks speak of goods exposed in 
shop windowB. as ^tim stlfe lyked, as they (the people of 1. 1580) felt 
iDclined : observe the form " yaim ulfe." the " tfiem-aell " of the present 
time, just as himself, herself, are hiimelt, Kersell. to Icen, known, exist- 
ing, at fere courie aakil, each after its own fashion. 

In this deecriptioD of Troy onr autlior takes great liberties with his 
text, and gives for the most part a city of the 14th centnry. Indeed, 
the graphic picture given in these four Hoes is exactly that of the maia 
street, then called Market Street, of Old Edinburgh : along which were 
ranged the stalls or booths of the various craftsmeo or " maister men " 
(who, as stated in 1. 1600, " oncstly " lived in " entries " near by), and 
the alim erections of the " barbars bigget in bourdera of the stretea" 
leading into it. Besides, the list of cra/la given by our author is not 
that of Guido, nor of llie author Benoit de Sainte-More, but almost ex- 
actly that of the Guildry of Old Edinburgh : for a ftill account of which 
see Mailland's Bitlory of Edinburgh; also, The OoTutitation of the Cltg 
of Edinburgh, edit. 1826. 

t. 1581. GUncert, glove makers : who made also various articles of 
dress, such as leather breeches, leggings, shirts, bags, pouches, and 
purees: in abort, every article for dress or ornament tbat was made of 
sod leather. Sir Walter Scott has given ns a sketch of a glover of that 
age in his Simon Glover of The Fair Maid of Perth. GirdeiUri noble, 
the noble crafte of Girdellers, or, rich Girdeliers : the Girdellers, with 
the Goldsmiths, belonged to the Incorporation of Hamniermeii (see 
Maitland's Hitt. of Edin., pp. 299-300), and wore so called from the 
girdUi, roand plates of iron used in cooking, which formed a large and 
important section of their work. Besides these they made all kinds of 
utensils of plate iron : see note, 1. 13826, 

1. 1585. Soutert, shoemakers: still used, but roost commonly to 
denote workmen of inferior ability, of low character. The word st 
once recals to mind the Souters of Selkirk, and Burns's Souter Johnny, 
Semtteria fifn, first-rate embroiderers, ornamental sewers ; in our author's 
time there must have been a great deal of such work both on leather 
and cloth. 

L 1686. Turner* (ffvttteUu, turners of (wooden) dishes : almost alt 
the dishes need by the common people were then made of wood ; and 
many such are still used : even in the booses of the richest they were 
to be found. 

L 1687. WrigkUi, wrights (of all kinds) : as house-wrigbt, mill- 
UTight, wheel-wright. Observe that earpenloari are given in I. 1597 as 
a separate craft from wrighUi ; and among the lower classes of Scotland 
they are still so reckoned ; with them carpenters are bnilders of wooden 
ahips or vessels of all sizes. In our author's time coopers would be 
reckoned among the carpenters, for we find Ihat ciaft incorporated with 


tl>e wrighta in 1469. (See Hftitlsnd's Uiil. of Edin., p. 301.) Web- 
tier; weavers : a contmoa name etill. tealktrt of clothe, fallere of 
clutU : there were tlien varioai articles besiilea cloth mibjected to fulling. 

I. 1588. Aroiciiiiylhii tcilh Axe* of tcerre, m ana facta rers of arrows 
and war a^cs : artliery was Dever mDcb cultivated in Scotland, hence 
the wurknian wlio made arrows liad to make other implements of war 
as well. Observe, tlie airowsmith did not wing or feather the arrows : 
that was done by tlie '^Jkcckour" of 1. 1593, who probably also made 
the ehafis of ttie arrows : fur, the parliament of James II. that sat in 
1457 enacted " that there be a bower (a bowmaVer) sod a fiedgtax (an 
arrow-mobur) in ilk bead town of tbe schire." The arrowsmitb, then, 
made only the iron or Steel tips for the arrows. 

I. 15'JO. Momjmakert, coiners aod mooey-dealers : « necessary call- 
ing where almost ail the money in circulation waa in coins of foreign 
CountrieH, aud eitbaoges would, consequently, be freqaent. 

1. 1601. ParaUri, most probably a contracted form oi paremenUrt, de- 
corators of clothes or fumilure, or both : a very necesaary craft in that 
age of wild grandeur and chivalrj, pt/nnert, pinmakeis : they made pins 
of all kinds and sizes, from the bone, brass, and steel pins for ladies to 
the strong pins fur heckles and barrows. As division of labonr became 
better understood, and more delicate articles were produced, the work 
of the pynner became more and more limited, and the craft decayed till 
we find the term applied to common jobbing carpenters or wrigltta 
employed by tbe authorities to set up and fake down the scalTold and 
gallows at public executions. It occurs thus in tbe City of Edinburgh 
AceounU for the year 15G5-66 : " Item, tbe thrid day of Apryle, to J>e 
pynouris for ]!e berjng of dailies & pouncheons fra Jie blakfreris to ])e 
Croce, with }ie gibbett A inaidin, to mak ane scaffold & awayitiug 
Jtairon ^e day quhoa thoraa Scot was juslefeitb — vij s," 

1, 1592. Bochere, butchers, bladsmythii, bladesmiths : makers aS 
■word blades, daggers, spear-heads, knives, &c. hiaten, bakers. 

I. 1593. fferrert, furriers; then a very important craft. jfeccAoura, 
arroW'Wingers ; ses note on Arrowsmitbs, 1. 1588. 

1. 1594. iap»ter$, sellers of liquor, chiefly ale. 

1. 1595. Sjvmort, spur makers, ipieers, grocers, dealers in spices. 

1. 1596. Colcet, cooks, keepers of eating houses, eondlen, candie- 
makers ; the vulgar name for them still, 

1. 1597. eovcheourt fyn, first-class upholsterers, or perhaps, cabinet- 
makers aud upholsterers. Perhaps inlayers and stone-settera are in- 

I. 1598. iarhurt bigget in hourdert of tbe tiretet, barbers situated at 
tlie corners of the streets : a peculiarity of position to which the barbers 
of the present day cling. Note the use of hlggel here : ^ placed, set, 
situated ; a common ubo still. Fur particulars anent tbe craft of 
barbers, and their connection with the surgeons, see Maitlaud's Milt, of 
£din., p. 313 ; also, GnuHL of Gly of Edin. 

1. 1599. nMMMr-mm, chief workmen, workmen who employ joamey- 


men, chief men of the town : in ehoit, burgesses and ownere of the 
booths or stalls before mentioned. 

I. 1600. onatfy enabit, live respectably : donee, honest folk, in 
entrit aboufe, in adjoining entries : and so they do still. The entry is a 
common entrance to the stairs that lead op to tiie several flats of the 
houses or lands (as thej are called) : on ea«h flat one, two, or more 
teoants reside, and hence in speaking of anj one's residence it is noted 
SB ID such and snch an entry. " He lives in that entry " will be the 
reply to an ioquiiy for one's residence, although yon may find it in 
the attics. 

I. 1601. meuyi a aater, flowed a river : water is still the comroon 
name of a river in Scotland ; Pennant notee this in his Tbur in Scot- 
land in 1769, thus: — "Rivers in Scotland are very frequently called 

II. 1621-8. the ehtkker, the game of chess: here said to have been 
invented in Troy, while the legend is that it was invented by Pala- 
medes to while away the long night-watches of the Greeks while 
encamped aroond Troy, 

the dnigklta^ the game of draughts : now a touch more common 
game than chess aU over Scotland : chess heing considered a game for 
the higher classes. 

otiier dregh geaimu, other tedioos or heavy games : cfi^A has 
various applications (see G-loaa.), hut here it implies tUtai and Uttig, 

Qit tables, backgammon. (r«^«fr«, tricks, magic, jugglery: trageiit, 
tricks, deceits, is used by Douglas in hia Virgil, p. 98, 1. 10. 

mdcill yai tttit, tbey busied themselves much. 

qwainlam, quintains : which quiutain, or what game is here meant 
by quintain is a difficulty : even in the author's time it was considered 
a qyiaitil (old faabioned) game. 

For interesting particulars concerning most of the games here men- 
tioned, see Wright's Mannen and Sentitnenlt m England: and Stmtt's 
Sporle arul Pai&ma. 

I. 1630. of a tele riall, for a royal residence : as in a country teat, a 
country residence. 

1. 1G33. etlgtuf, selection, intention, purpose : see note, I. 394, and 


I 1G34. crmlril, an error for ehstrit, thick set. 

I. 1640. lo boue, to halt, to rest, tii tarry, to linger : in the same 
sense as our present hover. The word is so used by Barbour and 
Douglas, also in the ' King's Quair.' See Jamieson's Diet. 

1. 1649. s/iau is usually an ot^'., but is here used aa an adv. 

1. 1663. the chi-ffe, the upper end, farthest from the dour: the ehi^, 
because the seat of honour. 

I. 1668. With iattefor to louche the table abouU, with scent (strong 
enough) to he felt (by all) about the table : laite, both as a noun and 
a verb, is used to eipresa tlie exercise of any of the organs of senBe, 
but especially those of taste and smell. 

) by Google 

i88 NOTES. 

I. 1670. pight fall ofperrieru, thicUj Bet or studded with piecioofl 
stonei. Douglaa, Virgil, p, 318, 1. 24. 

]. 1671. of Eyatayill fyn, of fine draperj : id this sense entayte is 
used by Piere Plowman, Crede, I. 398 (Wright's ed.), and by Douglaa 
in the Police of Honour, pt 1, 39 ver. 

1. 1672. toilier hede, the other end, i, e. opposite the 6heff«, 

1. 1677. pan, steps : note the siag. form, CC Fr. pat. 

1. 1680. Insert [a] between of and god. 

]. 1691. (M yl mott nede, ai it could not Tail to do : this phrase ia 
still used. 

1. 1696. See note, 1. 1374. 

L 1698. A remorec ofmatert, a deep regret conceming OTenla. pat 
hf/m mpi lyket, that canaed him to despise himself, or, that he greatly 
dislilced : miilike, which is still used in the West of Scotland, has botb 
tliese meanings, as in the phrase, " it mitlikei me tair," means either, 
' it sorely humbles me,' or, ' it greatly displeases me.' For the first 
Bense, see Jamieson's Diet. Suppl. 

1. 1704. at horn icele aghl, as well they ought, or, as it well became 
them ; the expression ia still common. 

1. 1707. mat oule, was away ; there ie another meaning of ouU 
wbicb occars in 1. 2175, = in existence, alive : both are still common. 

1. 1717. l^«, should be lete, less, of lower standing ia rank, as in 

I. S025. 

I. 1720. grtmy, perhaps ahoali] be gremlf ; see note, 1. 3491. 

II. 1721-2. me and myae, myself and those related to me. yote and 
yovrt, yourself and your relations ; so in The Sraca, 6. 690. thaint <t 
tharii : these are still very common expressions, ^omeryng, sorrow, 
cause of moumiag : from A.S. geomor, sad, sorrowful ; geomrung, a 
lamentattOD, which it also means in this work : see Gloss. 

1. 1726. tik, should be tib, by relation, nearly related, which is in 
common use. 

L 1732. rentUt, lands Or properties that yield rent : it occurs also 
ID the sense of rental, income from property : bolh senses are used in 
the Aelt of Parlt. of Scotland, and are still common. 

L 1736. Tha redarte to ricke, to wreak or right those acts of 
violeuce : rerfur, from O.Fr. roideur, and that from roide, fierce, violent, 
ia used by Douglas id his Virgil, p. 376, 1. 54, and occurs again and 
again in this work. 

I. 1750. our my» tnreke, wreak or avenge our wrong ; myt, from 
Goth, miua, error, occura ia Wallace, Bk 4, U. 746, 762 ; and in 
Donglas'a Virgil, p. 11, 1. 25. 

1. 1751. feghtert, warriors : occurs in Wallace, Bk 1, 1. 324, and Bk 

II, 1. 866, iu this sense; but here it evidently means quarrelsome 
peraons or bullies, thoae who love fighting and settle their quarrels by 
it. The nieaniug of the line (which is a form of a well-known pro- 
verb), then, is, "but our fate may be that of bullies,- — ' a fell cbauose' 
(a tenible defeat)." The proverb referred to is, " Feghters are sure 

to meet vi' their match : " when the best of it is a good tbnahing, 
aad defeat is disgrace. 

I. 1752. And tiJcer were, taxi it woald be surer, i. e. safar, better : a 
common ezpreeaion still. 

II. 1757-8. Bat it libit you, bat if it be in keeping with your will, 
or, but if it please joa better ; this contracted form ia still in use. at 
a lilt tBordfft, in a few words, or, without further ado. Hut gals to 
hegyn, to begin on this wise, ferre, farther. 

I. 1763. To qa>it clayia all qiitrelt, to forget all onr quarrel s : to 
quit elaym is to renounce claim, gtceme, close, loving, good : see 
Glois. and note, I. 1809. 

1. 1775. teiUi ^erto, willing, beartj besides : viille occurs again in 
L 7713. 

I. 1778. This line ia almost as in Piert Floto., 2. 154. (Clarendon 
Press Series.) 

1. 1790. tome, time = leisure : is so nsed in Pier* Ploteman, and ia 
still common. 

L 1802. for eld, for generations, or ages : so used by Wyntoon, Bk 
2, prol. I. 6, and Bk 2. 9. 75. 

I. 1805. redure : see note, I. 1736. 

I. 1809. to qieeme qwit of all other, in order to become quits in all 
other things, or that you may be freed from all the other offencee. 

1. 1818. kethjng, scorn: occurs in Mort. Arlh., 1. 1843: Wallnce, 
Bk 5, 1. 739 : Douglas's Virgil, p. 118, 1. 48. 

I. 1822. untomly, not leisurely, hurriedly, withont delay. 

I. 1829. (Aaf tyme, at that time : a very common phrase in Scotland. 

1. 1831. arghly, timidly, with reluctance : his previous experience 
certainly gave him good caose. 

I. 1837. umblij, should be tmnhly, leisurely, calmly: fur tomtly ; 
and ia another indication of dictation. 

1. 1841. at be lyite olde, a descendant of her ancient monarcha, or, 
aprapg from her ancient kings. 

I. 1849. to more ^ea yonrtelfe, to a greater than yourself. 

1. 1851. mate, make : prop. ^- makes ; but here it is 2nd pi., and in 
I. 1402 it is 2nd sing. : but it was used by Scottish writers with each 
of the pera. prons. and in both numbers ; and vulgarly it is so used 

I. 1855. marl, marred, injnred, degraded: or it may be for mar- 
rowed = mated, matched with yourself: the word is still used in both 

I. 18G0. a elene yre, a perfect rage: elate ia similarly employed 
sUll, as in ■ the man 's cUan wud.' 

1. 16G3. Be, lir, should he Ben, (A«s, being, air. 

1. 1865. ne aeoyntamus of my core hat, nor has any personal know- 
ledge of me, nor has ever seen me. 

1. 1889. Compare this line with ifort. Arth., H. 1465-6. 

I. 1894. lo/e should be lote. 

) by Google 

490 NOTES. 

1. 1900. Lul not the Ude, boT7ed not to the m&n, mftde no obeisance 
to ttie fellow : lut, from A.8. hliilan, to bow. 

1. 1902. Hade bir at hi$ bakt, biid a atroDg fAvoarable wind : tliis 
plirose is verj commoD ia Scotland, and IB very ezpressire. Bir is 
Dsed in variouH seoBea (see Gloss.), all more or less connected with 
rapid motion, what cauBes it, or what it prodncea : aa !□, 'the boat 
birred thro' the water j' ' it gaed tliro' wi' a birr; ' ' gie your etroke 
birr ,- ' ' he's a man of some birr ; ' ' the arrow birs thro' the air, and 
wi' a loud birr, gied him a birr on the breast' Somotimea it becomes 
' bir!e,' aa ' a birr on tlie breast, or, a birle on the breast,' aa in U. 1224, 
90G1. Bir IB eaid to be derived from A.S. heran, to bear, to produce, 
to caiTj, to excel j and I have set it so in the QIobb., bat its applica- 
tions by the old Scottish writers, in this work, and at the present time, 
connect it more closely wilb lal. byrg, a strong wind, a tempest, and 
Sn. Qoth. boer, tlia wind, or wilh Id-Jioer, lifo, Tigonr. See Jamieeon's 
Diet and Sujjpi. under Beir, Bir. 

1. 1919. onryng should be orryng, an error for ouFyng, a form of 
onrayng, ehrinkitig, wincing: prob. from A.S. or-tmn, hopeless. In 
the West of Scotland ourne is still used meaning to hang back, to 
shrink from, to be dowie and sad ; and oorie meaning cold, chilly, 
shivering, Bhrinkiog : see Burns's ' Winter Night,' stao. 3., For other 
meanings aitmragng, see IL 2203, 2540, 4TG7, 12711, and CrTiBB. 

1. 1920. al lad wordtM, in plain words : at ia so used in I. IT57. 

I. 1928. VI qwcmei nogkt, in no way entice us, do not at all concern 
us : gweme, from A.S. eweman, to please, to delight, has various mean- 
ings in this work : see Olosa. 

1. 1939. for and ^an do, for if you do : and is often used so throagh- 
out this work. 

1. 1945. Braid vp a broda »aiU, hoisted a broad aail : compare 
various meanings of braid given in Glosa. 

L 1952. mehjl should be mrfyt. 

I. 19G1. vnsell, lit misfortune, mischance; but here implies that 
which caused the misfortune, viz. ailliuess, stupidity. 

I. 1976. v>iih auiteme wordei, on account of (those) angry words : 
autteme, stem, severe, from L. au»teru», or A.S> »l!/ra, stern. Tlia 
phrase occurs in MorU Arlh., i. 306. 

II. 1977-8. fere shoold beferd; and next line, 'i«i the tyrand in 
hi» tent, hade tumyl hym to lie.' 

I. 1983. The passage which begins here is a fine spectraea of oar 
poet'a power. Scenes of battle and tempest are his delight, especially 
the latter; and again and again he seiEcs on what in the original is ■ 
mere statement or outline, as in this case, and elaborates a splendid 
scene. Observe too on every aocb occasion the marked change in the 
language and measure : he seems to adopt the language of an earlier 
period that he might liave fuller scope and freer measure: indtcating 
that the trammels of translation were irksome, and that the style waa 
assumed for the occasion. Id slioit, when working at the atory he 

KOTKB. 49 1 

eraplojed the laogange of books aod the etyie of a fiiTOiirite ADthor; 
and wbeo lie bad a sketcb to fill in, be laid aside tbe Dictionaiy and 
the antiioT, and adopted the speech and stfte of tbe educated biglier