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Full text of "The Gilpin family from Richard De Guylpyn in 1206 : in a line to Joseph Gilpin, the emigrant to America, with a notice of the West family who likewise emigrated"

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THE object in preparing the following sheets, was to 
induce some in each branch of the family to collect an ac- 
count of their respective divisions, down to the present 
time, in order that it may be incorporated into one gene- 
ology and published in book form. It is not easy for one 
individual to collect a full history of all the scattered parts ; 
but when the accounts are carefully collected and put into 
the hands of some one willing to act as compiler, a volumn 
might be produced of great geneological interest. If the 
work was so apportioned, and each one would volunterily 
engage in it, the full account could soon be produced, and 
from the interest now felt in family history, we hope that 
a sufficient number would be found to take hold of it, for 
this would only be makeing out an account of some of 
their nearest connections, a task from which no one should 

From the multiplied copies thus produced, the accounts 
could not fail being passed down to succeeding generations, 
and it would be a source from which many could trace 
their lineage, without being subject to that error, which 
tradition mostly conveys, and has conveyed in this family. 
It would be far from desirable, that any portion of the fam- 
ily should be excluded from the history for want of atten- 
tion in bringing them in, they should all be hunted up. 

The figures, placed before names, number the generations 
in a line downwards. 

Lima, Del. Co. Pa. J. Painter. 

Feb. 1870. 




IF not for heraldry, the early history of many families 
would have been lost, so little do they care to preserve 
what is recent until after the opportunity has passed. 
There is no subject more difficult to be dwelt upon than 
that of honorable descent, and none more offensive, when 
it is simply to confer title. The knowledge of one's own 
family from a remote period, will always he esteemed by 
those who seem to live in the persons of their forefathers. 
If we read of some illustrious line, so ancient, that it may 
appear to have had no beginning, and so worthy, that it 
ought to have no end, we sympathize in its various fortunes, 
and could we blame the humble vanity of those who are 
allied to the honors of its name. 

We have been induced to write a short statement con- 
cerning the Gilpin family, as we have received its history 
and understand it, as well as print it, that it may be more 
generally diffused. Many may wish to learn it who would 
not persevere in searching for it, and there may be data 
for an earlier starting point, but we have not found them. 

1 RICHARD DE GUYLPYN. In 1206, during the 
Reign of King John, the Baron of Kendal gave the manor 
of Kentmere to Richard De Guylpyn for his achievements 
in slaying a wild boar, which infested the forests of West- 
moreland and Cumberland, from which the said Richard 
took his device ; A field or, 

A sondlier or boar, 

Sabled, armed, and 

Tusks, Gules. 

The original of the family, in the grant of Kentmere, as 
given in old records, was De Guylpyn, and though there is 
no document earlier than the reign of King John ; it is, no 
doubt, of Norman origin, and came with or followed Wil- 
liam the Conquerer. Those names, to which De was added, 
were of Norman extraction, the surname being taken from 
their family estates ; the ancient Saxon not using the prefix. 

2 A SON whose name is not given. 



3 RICHARD DE GUYLPYN of 1268, grand son of 
the first Richard, flourished in the time of Henry the 3d. 
Peter He Bruys, who married a co-heiress of William De 
Lancaster, the last Baron of Kendal, and in consequence 
of the marriage, possessed great estates in Westmoreland 
and Cumberland, gave the manor of Ulwithwaitc to Rich- 
ard De Guylpyn. The original grant in latin, with the seal 
annexed, is perfect and in the possession of the Rev. Wil- 
liam Gilpin, Vicar of Boldre, near Lymington ; the deed 
itself is on parchment, neatly engraved in the characters 
of the times. 

4 RICHARD DE GUYLP1N of 1333, son of the last. 

5 RICHARD DE GUYLPYN, son and heir of the lat- 
ter, was possessed of Kentmere and Ulwithwaite and is 
error eously supposed by some to have been the first owner. 

6 WILLIAM DE GUYLPYN, son and heir of the last 
married a daughter of Thomas Airy Bail of Kentmere. 

7 RICHARD DE GUYLPYN married A. Fleming 
of Corn es tone, had 5 children. 

8 "WILLIAM DE GUYLPYN married R. Lancaster 
in the reign of Edward 4th, and had 7 children. 

9 RICHARD GILPIN married D. Thornborough in 
the reign of Richard 3d, and had 7 children. Their son 
William, who was heir and was a captain, was slain in the 
battle of Bosthworth-fidd, 22 Aug. 1485, in the civil wars 
of the houses of York and Lancaster, and dying without 
issue, was succeeded by his brother Edwin. 

10 EDWIN GILPIN married Margaret Laton of Dale- 
main and had 10 children. Their son George was a very 
eminent man and was minister for Queen Elizabeth at the 
Hague, and was also distinguished in letters. Another son 
Bernard Gilpin, born at Kentmere 1517, and died 4th of 
March 1583, age 66 years, was raised a Roman Catholic, 
and was Rector of Houghton, but a little before the death 
of Queen Mary, he became satisfied with the general doc- 
trines of the Reformation. At a time when there was inces- 
sant strife, Bernard, called the apostle of the north, wan- 
dered unharmed amid the confusion. On one occasion, 



entering Rothbury church in Northumberland, he observed 
a glove "suspended in a conspicuous place as a challenge 
from some horse trooper of the district, Gilpin took if 
down, and in the course of his sermon said, "I hear there 
is one among you, who has even in this sacred place hung 
up a glove in defiance," and producing the glove said, "! 
challenge him to compete with me in acts of Christian 

A charge of 13 articles was drawn up against him, but 
his uncle Dr Tonstall, Bishop of Durham, found a method 
of dismissing them ; but his enemies laid their complaint 
before Dr Bonner, Bishop of London, upon this he pre- 
pared for martyrdom. However, he broke his leg on his 
journey to London, which protracted his arrival until the 
Queen's death, and he was immediately set at liberty, and 
he returned to Houghton. He was offered the See of Car - 
lisle, which he declined. 

The value of Bernard's rectory was about £400 a year, 
he however endowed a grammar school, the expense of 
which amounted to £500, where he seldom had fewer than 
20 or 30 children. One method he used to fill his school 
was, whenever he met a poor boy upon the road he would 
try his capacity by a few questions, and if it pleased him, 
would provide for his education. 

11 WILLIAM GILPIN married Eliza Washington and 
had 12 children. His son George, and not his son Martin, 
inherited the manor of Kentmere and made a family pedi- 
gree. It descended two more generations and the Kent- 
mere estate was lost during the* parliamentary civil wars. 

12 MARTIN GILPIN had 10 children, and died at 
Kendal in 1634. His grand son Richard Gilpin D.D. son 
of Isaac, was born 15th of Oct. 1625, died 1699, was a 
man eminent for his piety and learning. He first studied 
physic, but afterwards took a degree of Doctor of Divinity, 
and was presented to the rectory of Greystock in Cumber- 
land. Not liking the conduct of the church, he embraced 
Presbyterianism, but was no approver of Cromwell. After 
the restoration, the King being desirous to pursue a more 
moderate policy, Dr Gilpin was fixed upon for the Bishop- 
ric of CarlN-slc, but ho declined it. 

After resigning Greystock, he purchased Scaleby Castle 
in Cumberland, where he lived lor some time. This was 
a fortress of considerable consequence situated on the con- 
fines of England and Scotland, and erected by the English 
lords to repel, the invasion of the Scots, and stands within 
a short distance of the wall built by the emperor Hadrian 
to prevent the inroads of the Picts. It extended from Sol- 
way Frith to New Castle on Tyne, a considerable part is 
still standing, now called the Picts wall. This Castle was 
besieged by Cromwell, and afterwards purchased by Dr 
Gilpin ; it is now a mixture of ancient ruins and modern 
comforts, the moat, whicli circumscribed the walls, con- 
tained five acres, but the buildings are greatly in ruins. 
Numerous Roman utensils have been dug up here. He 
lived here, dispensing both as a minister and a physician, 
bestowing comforts to all around him, until invited by the 
dissenters of New Castle on Tyne, which he embraced and 
was their pastor. He died here 15th, Feb. 1699, age 74 y. 

His son William was dept. vice admiral of Cumberland, 
and died at Scaleby, 14th of Aug. 1724. William's son 
Richard was born at Scaleby, 6th of Feb. 1692, and mar- 
ried M. Hudson. The estate of Scaleby was now vested in 
Governor Stephenson. 

William Gilpin, son of John Bernard Gilpin, and great 
grand son of Richard Gilpin D. D., being the 6th genera- 
tion from Martin, was the rector of Boldre parish, County 
of Hampshire. He was a biographer and delineator of na- 
ture's picturesque beauties, with observations on the scen- 
ery. With the profits of his pen and pencil he endowed 2 
schools, and he was buried amid the scenes he so much 
loved, and so well described. In 1753 he published the 
life of Bernard Gilpin. He was born 4th of June 1724, 
married his cousin Margaret Gilpin, and died 4th of April 
1804. Their son William lived at Cheam School, and 
married his cousin E. Farish. 

Sawry Gilpin R. A. brother of the above, was born 30th 
of Oct. 1733, was a celebrated painter of horses and wild 
animals, and excelled in giving expression of terrible 
fierceness. He died at Brompton in 1807. 

13 BERNARD GILPIN married D. Ayrey and had 
11 children. He died 21st, of April 1636. His son Wil- 

/ w 

artOTOM diiqi IP I IRRARY 

liam married Mrs. Strickland, and daughters, Caroline and ■ 
Elizabeth married into the family of the Sands of Kendal. 

14 THOMAS GILPIN of Mill hill had 10 children. 

15 THOMAS GILPIN of Warborough, born in 1620, 
married Joan Bartholamew and had three sons, Joseph, 
Isaac, and Thomas. He was an officer of the army, and 
after the battle of Worcester, 3rd of Sep. 1651, joined the 
society of Friends. In 1661 he was detained seven weeks 
in the marshal's custody at Oxford for refusing to take the 
oath of allegiance. On May 29th, 1670, a meeting was 
held at his house for which the Justice fined him £20, and 
on the 26th of June, of the same year, another meeting 
was held at his house, for which the Justice authorized the 
officers to break open locks and bolts, and they took away 
his household goods, not leaving him a bed, or a pot in 
which to boil his food. Sometime after this he gathered 
his corn off of about three acres of land, which the officers 
took away with two pigs. In 1672, by the King's letters 
patent, many persons were discharged from imprisonment, 
some having been confined for a long time. From Oxford 
jail 15 persons were liberated, among whome was Thomas 

The Gilpin family frceo^uently had to suffer on account 
of their religion. 

"The race that once went bravely forth 

To beard the wild boar in his den, 
Now meets the bigots in their wrath, 
And boldly claims the rights of men." 

16 JOSEPH GILPIN, born in 1664, married Hannah 
Glover in 1691, and with his wife and two small children, 
emigrated to America in 1695, and settled in Birmingham 
Chester (now Delaware) County, Pa. Joseph being a Qua- 
ker, and seeing his fellow members treated with contumely 
by the government, and being a young man With a small 
family, he naturally desired to be released from the exac- 
tions of others, and determined to try what relief the then 
wilds of America would afford. He was to be a frontier 
settler ; the forest still waved over the spot that was to be 
his future home, the trees of large size were to be hewed 
down to make room for the cerals, that were to furnish his 



future bread. To accomplish this, he had to rely upon his 
own exertions, each settler had his home to prepare, and 
could not greatly assist his neighbor. One of the first con- 
siderations necessary, on arriving at the new home, was to 
provide shelter for his family, so he constructed a cave by 
the side of a rock, and in which he continued to reside for 
a considerable time. There is much to be said in favor of 
a cave on a dry subsoil for its warmth and healthfulness, 
and this the first settler found to be the case, for in it 13 
of his children were born, and all of them lived to marry, 
and no doubt found it warmer than a rude structure raised 
entirely above the earth. We are unacquainted with the 
extent of his landed possessions, one account says, Joseph 
Gilpin and Co. owned 700 acres. John D. Gilpin, who 
owns a part of the original tract, still retains a small me- 
mento of his predecessor in a pair of silver candle-sticks, 
and has upon his land the original site of the cave. 

Joseph Gilpin and family had for the companions of their 
voyage to America, the ancestors of the Coats and Morris 
families of Philadelphia. He died, 9th of Nov. 1741, at 
which time he left 15 children, and 45 grandchildren. At 
the death of their mother in 1757, there were living 12 
children and 62 grandchildren, and in 1763, there. Avere 10 
children, 64 grandchildren, and 70 great GTandchildren. 
HANNAH GILPIN. Alice Lamball, sister of William 

Lamball of Heading, England, married first Glover, 

and second, John Brunsden. Her daughter, Hannah Glo- 
ver of Fishingwell, in the parish of Kingsclere, in the 
county of Southampton, was born in 1675, and died, 12th, 
Jan. 1757, married Joseph Gilpin at Baghurst, in South- 
amptonshire, England, the 23d, Feb. 1691. 

William Lamball purchased 625 acres of land in Birm- 
ingham Chester Co. Pa. of tnis lie gave his sister Alice 100 
acres during her life, and the land was then to go to her 
daughter Hannah Gilpin. It is not known that William 
Lamball ever came to America, but his brotherinlaw John 
Brunsden we presume did, as he acted as agent for Will- 
iam Lamball, and on Holmes'" map of the early settlement 
of Pennsylvania, the name of John Brunsden appears at 
the part afterwards occupied by Joseph Gilpin. We do 
not recollect having seen any evidence that Alice Lamball 
was ever in America. 


Hannah Gilpin appears to have been a very active mem- 
h&v of Concord monthly meeting of Friends, and lived to 
the advanced age of 82 years. 

17 THE CHILDREN of Joseph and Hannah Gilpin 
were ; A Hannah, B Samuel, C Rachel, D Ruth, E Lyd- 
ia, F Thomas, G Ann, H Joseph, I Sarah, J George, K 
Isaac, L Moses, M Alice, N Mary, and O Esther. 

A Hannah Gilpin, born in England, 15th of 12th mo. 
1692, died in 1746, emigrated with her parents to America 
and married William Seal, the 31st of 8th mo. 1718 ; they 
settled in Birmingham, Chester Co. Pa. on Brandywine, 
and their land remained in the family until quite recently. 
Their children were, Rachel, Joseph, Hannah, William, 
Joshua, and Caleb. We notice that the wills of Joseph 
and Rachel were dated on the same day, 17th, of 7th mo. 
1746, and that the wills of Hannah and Joseph were proved 
on the same clay, Sept. 29th, 1746, and that Rachel's was 
proved, Feb. 25th, 1746-7, from which we infer that some 
mortal disease was prevailing in the family. 

Caleb Seal lived in Wilmington, and died at the age of 
93. His son William succeeded him and died at advanced 
age, he was long President of the bank of Wilmington and 
Brandywine, and repeatedly member of the Del. legislature 

B Samuel Gilpin, born in England, 7th, 4th mo. 1694, 
and died, 7th, Dec. 1767, emigrated with his parents, and 
married Jane, daughter of John Parker of Philadelphia, 
25th, 11th mo. 1722, and settled in Concord, In 1733 he 
removed to Nottingham, his children were, Mary, Joseph, 
Thomas, Hannah, Samuel, Rachel, and George. Their son 
Thomas, a Quaker, declined to do military service during 
the revolutionary war, was with about 20 others in Phila- 
delphia, similarly circumstanced, exiled from the city, the 
9th, 11th mo. 1777, and taken to Winchester in Virginia', 
where Thomas died, 2nd, 3rd mo. 1778, and was buried at 
Hopewell in Fairfax County. His brother George was at 
the same time Colonel of the Fairfax militia, and endea- 
vored to intercede for his liberation. Thomas had two 
sons, Thomas and Joshua, who in 1787 had a paper milU 
on the Brandywine two miles above Wilmington, Del. and' 
here they introduced the improvement of manufacturing by 
machinery, sheets of paper of continuous length, the first 

operated in America. The machinery was made upoJi the 
spot, and put in operation in Aug. 1817 ; a patent was ta- 
ken out in 1816. On an elevated situation stood the neat 
cottage of Joshua Gilpin, which he called Kentmert', and 
where he resided until the close of his life in 1841. While 
Joshua was in Europe, he collected the material for the 
Geneology of the Gilpin family in England, which was 
made into a chart by his brother Thomas Gilpin in 1845. 
Thomas also prepared a chart of the descendants of Samu- 
el Gilpin, son of Joseph, in 1852. 

C Rachel Gilpin was born in Birmingham, 12th, of 12th 
mo. 1695, and married Joshua Feirce of Kennett, the 15th 
of 9th mo. 1722, as his second Avife. Their children Avere, 
Joshua, Joseph, and Caleb. Her grandsons, Joshua and 
Samuel Peirce, planted the well known Garden or Arbore- 
tum in Marlborough, Chester Co. Pn. 

D Ruth Gilpin was born, 28th, 6th mo. 1697; married 
Josep Mcndenhall, 30th, 8th mo. 1718, and settled in Ken- 
net; their children were, Isaac. Hannah, Joseph, Benjamin, 
Ann, Stephen, and Jesse. Her descendants are quite nu- 
merous in Chester Co. 

E Lydia Gilpin was born, ll'th, 11th mo. 1698, married 
William Dean, 15th, 9th mo. 1722, and settled in Birming- 
ham, on lands adjoining William Seal their brotherinlaw. 
Their children were, Isaac, Caleb, Hannah, and possibly 
others. In 1728 she became a minister among Friends, 
and in 1742, visited Friends in Ncav England, and also, 
those of New Jersey and Maryland. In 1749, she with 
her husband and children removed to Wilmington in Del. 
She died the 2nd, 10th mo. 1750, and was buried at Wil- 
mington, aged 52 years, and a minister 22 years. 

F Thomas Gilpin, born, 23rd of 5th mo. 1700, married 
Rebecca Mendenhall, the 12th of 2nd mo. 1726. He after- 
wards married Hannah KnoAvlef* of Philadelphia, 26th, 7th 
mo. 1728, and after her death, he married Ann Colwell of 
Marlborough. In 1728 he moved to Philadelphia, in 1730 
returned to Concord, in 1740 removed again to Philadel- 
phia, and in 1743 again returned to Concord, and in 1746 
he removed to Wilmington, Del. and died, 25th of 10 mo. 
1766, and was interecl at Wilmington. The mill built in 
Concord by Nicholas Pyle and afterwards owned by a com- 
pany, was at first rented by Thomas, and was called Gil- 
pin's mill. 



G Ann Gilpin, born, 5th of lltli mo. 1702, married Jo- 
soph Miller of New Garden, Chester Co. 31st of 10th mo. 
1724; their children, Joseph and Isaac. Joseph the father 
died, 30th, 7th mo. 1724, and Ann afterwards married, on 
the 10th, of 3rd mo. 1739, Richard Hallett of New Town, 
Queens County, Long Island. He was a Quaker preacher, 
their children were Thomas, Lydia, and Israel. Thomas 
and Israel married two daughters of Abraham Shotwell of 
Rahway, N. Jersey, and said Abraham married Lydia 
Hallett, sister to his sons-in-law, for second wife. Thom- 
as had 8 children, Lydia had children, only 3 of her sons 
grew to manhood, and Israel had 4 children. This makes 
a complication of relationship difficult to express. Ann 
Hallett died, 15th of the 9th mo. 1759, and was interred 
at Flushing, Long Island. 

H Joseph Gilpin, born 21st of 1st mo. 1704, married Ma- 
ry Caldwell, 17th, 10th mo. 1729, and settled at Birming- 
ham, but in 1761, removed to the neighborhood of Wil- 
mington, Del. he died, 31st, 12th mo. 1792, and was inter- 
red at Wilmington. His children were, Ruth, Orpha, Yin- 
cent, Gideon, Israel, Betty, Joseph, Hannah, Mary, and 
Thomas. His son-in-law, Joseph ShellcrosS lived near 
Wilmington, he was a Quaker, but much interested in the 
cause of independence ; a woman, meanly attired, called on 
him with a letter from General Washington, quilted in her 
petticoat, wishing to obtain intelligence of the enemy. 

A whale ship was sent out from Wilmington some years 
ago, and after three years returned, bringing an inhabitant 
of New Zeland, a sprig of Royalty. He received many 
presents, and Mary Lovering, a daughter of Joseph Shell- 
cross and a very estimable woman, gave him a box of lit- 
tle articles to take home with him. After two years the 
young prince returned and brought a handkerchief full of 
beautiful shells, and as Mary Lovering and her daughter 
were sitting in the parlor where he had before taken leave 
of them, he entered and threw the shells down at the old 
lady's feet. 

I Sarah Gilpin, born 2nd, 4t!i mo. 1706, married Peter 
Cook, the 26th, 9th mo. 1730, and settled in New Garden, 
Chester Co. 4th, 10th mo. 1730; they afterwards removed 
to Warrington, York Co. Pa. Their children were, Jesso^ 


Joseph, Samuel, Hannah, Ann, Sarah, and Peter. Sarah 
Cook (the mother) died, 7th, 6th mo. 1783, and was buried 
at Warrington, age 76 years. 

J George Gilpin, born the 16th, 2nd mo. 1709, married 
Ruth Caldwell, 7th, 1st mo. 1736-7, he afterwards married 
Sarah Woodward (widow) 9th, 4th mo. 1760. Children, 
George, Betty, and Isaac G. He died Oct. 15th, 1773. 

K Isaac Gilpin, born 23rd, 1st mo. 1709, married Mary 
Painter 21st of 8th mo. 1736, and settled in Birmingham. 
Children, Hannah who married James Bennett, and two 
sons who died minors. Isaac died in 1745. 

L Moses Gilpin, born 1st, 3rd mo. 1711, moved to New 
Garden in 1738, and returned to Birmingham in 1742, he 
married Ann, the widow of Thomas Buffington, 10th, 9th 
mo. 1742, and in 1760, they removed to Sadsbury. 

M Alice Gilpin, born 7th. 10th mo. 1714, married Rich- 
ard Evanson, 11th, 2nd mo. 1739, and the same year moved 
to Goshen, Chester Co. She was buried at Birmingham. 

N Marv Gilpin, born 16th, 11th mo. 1716, married 
Philip Taylor, 27th, 8th mo. 1736, they settled in Concord 
and then removed to Newlin, on the west branch of Bran- 
dywine, 2nd, 2nd mo. 1730. Children, John, Stephen, Phil- 
ip, Lydia. Euth, Phebe, Mary, Rachel, and Hannah. She 
afterwards married George Strode, but out-lived him, and 
returned to Concord in 1761. She died, 17th, 4th mo. 
1806, at her son-in-law's, Samuel Carter, and was buried 
at Eastland', in Little Britain, Lancaster Co. Pa. Her de- 
scendants are numerous. 

O Esther Gilpin, born 9th, 1st mo. 1718, married Sam- 
uel Painter, 5th, Gth mo. 1741, and settled in East Brad- 
ford, Chester Co. near her sister, Hannah Seal. Children, 
James, George, Joseph, Samuel, Thomas, Hannah, and 
Lydia. She died the 10th of 1st mo. 1795, aged 77 years, 
and was buried at Birmingham. 


ANN GILPIN, daughter of (14) Thomas Gilpin of 
Mill Hill, married Thomas West of the family of Lord 
Delaware. They had three sons, William, Thomas, and 



John, who emigrated to Pennsylvania, and one daughter 
that remained in England, we presume, unmarried. 

William West married Deborah Coppeck in 1709, and 
Settled on his farm in Springfield, Chester (now Delaware) 
county, he died in 1720, but left no children. 

Thomas West purchased land in Concord, in 1712, and 
married Mary about 1714. Children, Thomas, "Will- 
iam, Mary, Rachel, Ellen, Elizabeth, and Joseph. We be- 
lieve their descendants arc quite numerous. 

John West, it is thought, wag married in England pre- 
vious to emigrating, and had one son John who remained 
there. About 1715, John came to America and settled in 
Chester Co. Pa. and married Sarah, the daughter of Thom- 
as Pearsons, in 1722, and settled in Upper Providence, in 
1735. He resided at Chester, and then removed to Spring- 
field township, near the place where Swathmore College is 
located ; after this, he removed to Newtown and became a 
member of the society of Friends. They are said to have 
had ten children, but we have only the names of three, a 
Samuel, b William, and c Benjamin. In 1764 he returned 
to England and resided with his sister in Marlborough, in 
Oxfordshire, John was born at Long Crandon, in Buck- 
inghamshire, in 1690, and died the 5th of Oct. 1776. 

1) William West was born in Upper Providence, in 1724 
and in 1752, became a member of Goshen Monthly Meeting 
of Friends, removed to Philadelphia and engaged in Coo- 
pering business. He married Sarah , their children, 

Joan, James, William, Rebecca, and Benjamin, and after 
the death of his first wife, he removed to Upper Darby in 
1765, and engaged in Farming. He here married Hannah 
Shaw, an English lady, their children, Sarah, Samuel, Re- 
becca, and William. At the time William commenced far- 
ming, the usual custom had been very exhausting to the 
soil, requiring a radical change to make the business remu- 
nerative. So he became a model farmer by adopting most 
of the modern improvements of his day, and greatly im- 
proved his soil ; he also served five years in the legislature. 
He died, 6th, Dec. 1808, aged 84 years. His son Samuel 
who had his farm near Chester, was also regarded a£ a 
very successful farmer. , 

m ■■ HI 


c Benjamin West, the celebrated painter, was born in 
Springfield, Chester Co. 28th, Sep. 1738. He made some 
proficiency in the art in 1752, or when lie was 14 years of 
age, and practiced portrait painting. In 1759, at the age 
of 21, he sailed for Italy, the better to study his profession, 
and in 176.2, took up his residence in London. He married 
Elizabeth Shewell of Philadelphia, 2nd of Sep. 1767, who 
met him in England ; there was a little romantic love ad- 
venture in this, we shall not now relate. In 1792, he suc- 
ceeded Sir Joshua Reynolds, as President of the Eoyal 
Academy, but declined the honors of knighthood. He died 
in London, March the 11th, 1820, and" was buried with 
great pomp at St. Paul's Cathedral. His wife died in 
1817, two sons survived him. 


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