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Full text of "Glasnik"











cpncKor yHEHor apyiiitba. 



KH>MTA XXXYIM. 



y B E O r I' A A V y A 1' JH A 1? 11 .1 111 T A M 11 A I' 11 J II 

1873. 




1*1974 









r a e je niTO. 



CipaHa. 

1. ByKBAPCKA metoauka v Cpba. Oa CTeBaHa A- nonoButa . 1. 

2. Ctyahje 3a ncTOPHjy cphcke tppobhhe xiii h xiv-or beka, 

— III. Oa HeA. MujaTOBnha 79. 

3. Cphcke ctaphhe H3 Boche. Oa CaBe EocaHOBiita, . . . 141. 

4. Kphthhkh iioiviea ha hpohmoct Cpba y YrAPCKOJ, — ie- 

tbptu nepuoA- Oa raBpiua BiiTKOBiiLa 193. 

5. Paaba cpncKor yiEHor ai^iiitba 313. 



Ey^BAPCI^A MET04HI(A Y CPBA. 

OA 
CieBaHa J\. nonoBMtia. 



y BpeMe oa ce yBnt>a Aa je noxpeCmo boahtu paiyHa 
o npnpoAHHM Haqe-flnaia neAarornjcKHM , no Kojnaia Ba.ta Bac- 
nnTaBaTH n ynnra HapoAHy oiMAHHy , Heke 6nTn H3./inmHO 
3aM6AaTH n y cBojy concTBeHy nponwocT h ncmrraTH , KaKO 
ce ao caAa y Hac MeAajio Ha HacTaBy y onmTe, kojhm ce 
nyieM y^apajio Aa ce Ao^e Ao OHora lito je Apataio 3a 
HajnoTpedHHje , n nua ce cnaipajio 3a HajnoTpedmije n Kao 
3aAaha niKO/ie. OrpaHHqaBajynn cBoje HcnnTHBafte Ha paA 
ocHOBHe niKOJie, n to jom Ha oHy Kranry Kojy Aena Haraa 
npBy Aodnjajy y pyne, paAncio y obhm Bpciana Aa noo- 
ateMO , kojhx je 6eao y Hac noKyraaja n paAOBa y dyoap- 
ckoj KitHateBHOCTH , kojhm je npaBneM HELia Haraa oyKBapco 
MeTOAHKa , n Aa jie je n ko^hko je meraaia y pa3Ha BpemeHa. 
A y jeAHO Aa ncnnTaMo , ko/ihko je Koja aieTOAa 6n./ia y ca- 
r.iacHOCTH c hcthhckhm saKOHnuia, no KojnMa ce pasBnja i io- 
Be i inJH (Aeqnjn) Ayx, h Aa CBaKy no cbojoj BpeAHOcTH oueHinio. 
ApaKHMo , Aa tie Ham Tc*ikbo HcnninBaif-e Aonern — aKo Anuria 
Apyro , a oho — xy KopBcr , ihto hemo ca3Ham KaKBnx je 
Beh 6mo y Hac noKyraaja 11 paAOBa Ha no.i>y nowiHc ea- 
craBe , n aKO cy ce th noKyraajn n paAOBn pt>aBo cBpmana.iii, 
ca3HatieMO y3poKe H3 kojhx cy npoBianinvm CBojy ne.L, na 
He keMo ApataTii 3a npotiiiTa*iHo n noTpefao, Aa — Moae 
6hth He 3Hajyhn — Ha hobo or.ieAaaio Henrm nrro ee n y 
Hac npeatHBeylo h ihto je cByAa y nanpeAHirjer cBexa ocyijGHO 

TJACHIIK xxxviii. 1 



2 liyiiBAI'CKA METOAllKA ? CPBA 

Eao HenpupoAHO h HaomiKo. C a pyre CTpaHe no3Hahesio CBoje 
jbjj\Q, , kojh cy yjicjiH oBaKo hjih OHaKO nponahn npupoAHiijer 
h .flaKiner npanua y no^ieTHOM paAy mkoackom, a./in c pa3Hnx 
npraHsa HHcy Moaee ohth ycneAH Aa 6y$,y y cBuje BpeMe 
cac/iymaHH h npHM^eHH Eao m r ro Ba^a oa CTpaHe ohhx kojh 
cy npaKTHKOBajiH OHaKO KaKO ce BeK sa'reKAO. 

ynyniTajytiH ce y H3AaraiLe oko ce y Hac pasBBtjajia 
dyKBapcKa MeioAHEa , HMaMo oAMax y nowrKy npHMeiHTH , Aa 
Ham HcnHTHBaiLe obo ne he ncnacTH norayHO , jep HaM Hiije 
6eao MoryliHO aoO\ibhth CBe oyEBape a nopeA Cyoapa Ae- 
T iHJHX h ocTaiia ynyTCTBa HaMeftiroaHa ymmejbma, 3a noieTHy 
HacTaBy, 3a Koje c Apyrnx cTpaHa 3HaMo Aa nx je 6hao y Ha- 
moj KH>HfflieBHocTH . ho Kao peTKe crapHHe jom HHcy HatiaB-ieHa 
y Hac. Ochm Tora jiaKO je Moryke Aa te BpeMe H3HeTH Ha 
jaBHOd jom Koje KtbHa&eBHe nponsBOAe 3a Aeuy, 3a Koje ce 
3a ca^a Hnnrra He 3Ha y Hamoj 6no\iHJorpai|)HJn , Koja Han 
je c ohhm niTO je y H>oj h A^a noBOAa Aa pasivieAaMO Hamy 
(JyKBapcKy KH>H2KeBH0CT oa H>eHHx npBHx A^Ha na ao naj- 
HOBHJera BpeMeHa. 

CBoje HcnHTHBaH.e pa3Ae^MH cmo y ABa n^amta , jep cmo 
y Hainoj dyoapcKoj MeTOAnun Hain/LH ocTBapeHe ABe MeioAe, 
npBy (no BpeieHy) cnH'reTHiEy, a Apyry aHa.iHTH*iKO- 
c h h t e t h ii k y. 

I. 
ByKBapn cHHTeTH^Ke MeTOA©. 

A. E.3A2LTSiB>e caAPJKUHe. 

1. 

Ha HHiaae (Koje HaM ce caMO HaMete) : kojh je y Hac 
HajciapnJH dyKBap , Ha^a3HMO y HeKOAHKO OAroBopa y *MaHKy 
r. CTOjaHa HoBaKOBnLa: „CTapn cpncKO-CAOBeHCKH 6y- 
KBap" (kojh je nrraMnaH y „IViacHHKy" 1 ). Ty bhahmo Aa 



') Biiaii „r./iacHiiK'' XXXIV (oa 1872. r.) dp. 53 ao 60. 



EYKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 3 

mm je npBH oyKBap nncaH 1717 roAHHe. Ko ra je uncao, 
to r. HoBaKOBHfc Hiije Morao npoHakn; ho bum 4a dn ce 
no jeAHaKocTn pyKe Morao cy/v&Tn, Aa ra je nncao Knnpn- 
jaH PaqaHHH, ymnejb n Kaay^ep (je^aH oa ohhx kojh cy 
c ApceflBjeM ^apHojeBnkeM, naTpnjapxoi, npenMH y Ay- 
CTpnjy). Hcto trko HHje 6eaq sioryKe r. HoBaKOBnky 4a 
Ha cnrypHO A03Ha, Aa ./in ce Ham nncan; yivieAao Ha Kora 
cacTaB.Lajykn cboj dyKBap hah He , n aKO ynopeljyjykH ca- 
ApaiHHy oBor dyKBapa e HeKHM pycKHM Ha./ia3n H3Mel>y h>hx 
Aocra c/ih^hocth (dp. 59.). Bpakajyhn ce Ha npBo mrraiLe, 
r. HoBaKOBHt ysnia Ha ym , KaEO je y oho Bpeme 6eao Bpjio 
MHoro ciema oko pacnpocTnpa&a Kftnra , KaKO je nepraaieH 
dno CKyn a xaKO hcto h xapraja , KaKO je 3a Haraer podo- 
Baaa hoa TypuHMa h 3a KH>nry 6uao CBaKojaKnx He3roAa, 
KaKO je na^a Hania HHCMeHOCT hta., na ap^h Aa „.aaKO Moaie 
6hth", Aa je „obo HajcTapnjn Ham dyKBap" (b. „I\iacHHK" 
cTp. 60). CBaKaKo naK, noa/ieAH>y pen ocraB.ba oh „BpeaieHy 
h cayqajy , xoke ae ce nyin He he Hakn jom KaKaB pyKonuc 
CTapnJH oa OBora." 

Ha npBoj h Apyroj dpaHH OBor dyKBapa H3pet>aHa cy 
cBa caoBa („dyKBa ear nncMeHa") obhm peAOM: 

a , d , b , r , a , e , e , e , at , s , 8 , i , n , k , a , m , h, 

, H , p , C , C , T , T , Oy , » , <V , X , T> , (0 , CO , (0 , G> , o, 

i\), j|r, n, v, m, m, -t, k\, w, 8, *, k, u, H, V, VJ-U./10H.') 
H3a obhx (Ba.tAa nrraMnahnx) oioBa A0da3e Majia dp3o- 
nncHa roTOBO hcthm peAOM.*) Ho HeKO MOBO Ao^ia3H ABa a 
Tpn nyra (y pasairaHOM naupry) , n tjiko iy H3.aa3e l ieTupn 
mape Bnme ho y dyKinmii Kojy HaBeAomo. 

H3 OBHX IipBHX BpCTa H3HJia3II Iia BIIAHK CHCT6Ma HO 

kojoj je OBaj dyKBap paljeH. To je xaKO Ha3Bana cb irn ■ i n «i k a 



) Mefyy obiim c.ioBiiMa (na opojy 50) n>ia u« bojhbhx soja Aoaaae 
Biiiiie nyra. l IiiMe ce ona nelyy coGom pasjinsyjy, bhau nojie- 
Hyxn ., r.iaciiiii;-' CTp. 61. 

) Bhah „r^acHHK" XXXI V. CTp. 61. 



4 i,.vi,liAr< ka METOAHKA y 

MeTOAa. OHa OAHonnae c nojeAHHHM caoBima (uoja pafl chctb- 

MaTJi'jKO noTiiyiiiMTii He nponynrra cBa aspe^aTH); 3a thm 
npeJia3H Ha ciwianaii.e pa3HHX c/ioroBa, pe^n, OMa&HX 11 Be- 
J, ii x |M:'icii]iij,a. TaKo Ham tfyoap oauomuilg uoc/ie 6yKBBiJ,e 
(icoja jo ii^yiojiiL'ua joni jeAHOM caMO otfpHyTHM peAOM Aaoe 
CBera Tpn nyi) — oAMax cyioroBHMa cacTaB.ieHHM oa ABa c/ioBa 
(r.uiru) t. j. jeAuiiH cyryiacHHKOM n jeAHHM ryiacHHKOM, Eao : 

Ba , 6e , 6h , Co, 68 , 6% , 6a , Ba , ra Aa &a 3a sa ; Ka 
asl ia Ha na pa; ca ia -o-a xa $a fa ^a; ma m,a 5a. 

Ba , Be bh bo B8 bt> ; Be re a© aie 8e 3e hta. 

Ochm 'rora AO.ia3e cbh obh cyiviacHHun n c Apyrni rjiac- 
iiiinnMa , Kao c : h , o , 8 , t , a n c Macoai i (Aaiwie : (hi, 
bh, th hta; 6o, bo, ro hta. hta). A a He 6n cncreMa doa 
hh y tjeaiy oKpiteHa , Hnje ce H30CTaBH^o irapeljaTH n Apyre 
cioroBe oa ABa rjiaca, Kao: ra, re, rn, ro, r8, rT>; Aa, 
Ae, ah, ao, A8, Ai> hta. cacTaB.LajytiH peAOM: x, 3, k, 

A, M , H , H , p , 6 , T , X , (}) , ijf , U, , T I . B3 , BT, C OHHM MaC- 

HHU,HMa : a . e , n , o , 8 n c t>. Ha noc/ienty cnaja ce a h 
h jora h Ha oBaj Ha'iHH: At\. ak, ah, ayj h his, hi€, hk>, hh. 
H3a obex cioroBa oa ABa caoBa AO.ia3e caoroBH Hain- 
H>eHH H3 xpn caoBa , cBe no jeAHOM Ka^yny. TaKo ce y3naiajy 
HanpeA ABa cyiviacHHKa, a 'rpehe je c./iobo (Kao Ha Kpajy) 
MacHHK :a,e,n,o,8,n Mac t>. BIto ce inqe OHa ABa 
npBa cyMacHHKa , npBH ce Meita a Apyrn He, n Taj je y jeAHOM 
OAejtKy a a y Apyroi p. /\,slkag th caoroBH haj* oBaKo: 6 a a, 

B^ia, B.16, BAE, BAO, BJ18. BAT,', 6AG, BAG, TAG, A-^6, 
(a,ATL), 3^ie, SLAG, RAG, M.tte, (MJin), TAG, \)AG, GAG, TAG, 
XAG, (XJin), (\)AG, $AG, I1AG, TAG, mAG, U\AG, tAG, ETA. 

Hcthm HaMHHOM HanpaB/beHH cy h mhoth Apyrn c/ioroBH, 1 ) kojh 
ce MecTO Kao obh Ha e CBpniaBajy c o, 8 n t>. API™ °Ae- 
.taK caoroBa oa Tpn c./ioBa oa , no i iHH.e ce oBaKo : 6 p a , 6 p e, 
6pn, 6po, 6p8. 6pT, n Ha -raj Ka/iyn pe^a ce CHJiecTBO jom 2 ) 

') Ochm obiix jora 76. 
' 2 ) CBera 120. ' 



EVKBAPCKA METOAUKA V CPBA 

Apyrnx cioroBa , y kojhx je Kao ihto peKociio cyiviacHnK p 
y cpeAHHH , Ha Kpajy kojh oa MacHHKa qah t, ay noneTKy 
6yAH kojh cyrjiacHHK, Te y caea Te cncTejiaTnqHe Aoc/ieAHocm 
H3ZJia3e CBaKOjaKH (h 3a n3roBapan>e Aenn hii aia^io ARm) 
woroBH, Kao niTOcy: #pa, #P e > 4-* P n ^ tP°> #p» h ^ps 
ear 2pa, ?pe, 2pn, 3»po, *p« n 3Ept. 

Hocae OBora Ao^a3H join HeKo^inKO cjupihhx cjioroBa , Kao: 
TJia, M.Ha, 3ao, 3.10, hta., a oAMax 3a thm HeKO/inKo pene- 
Hnna (dorowoBCKnx) n npe^iasaK Ha nnTaite npoeHO-cao- 
BeHCKo c „THTiiaiia", Kao: Arr^t, slit ah, apxarr\ai», 
apxarf ah, apxarr/cKH hta. peAOM ca cBaKHM CKopo cy- 
oacHHKOM y noneTKy. — H3a obhx penn CKpateHnx , aombo 
MHore Mopa^iHe H3peKe, nopefyane cBe no a36yn,H, ynpaB.La- 
jynn ce y Tome no cioBy Koje je npaBO y npBOJ pe*m, h. 
np. Anne Bpari> tboh a^'qext, HacnmTan; anrre iKea- 
AeT, Hanainn ero hta- MHoro Benn Aeo tfyoapa saysoajy 
noc/ie oBaKBHx Mopa^Hnx nspeKa cnjme McanTBe n AP- npKBeH- 
CKe CTBapn , Koje cy 3a Hame ncnn'raBaite oa iiaae BaamocTH 
(h Koje ce Mory bhacth y noMeHyroM n^iaHKy cip. 69 — 85). 

CnHTeTHno MeTOAa , no kojoj je n OBaj tfyKBap nspafyeH, 
Hajci'apnja je y qniaBoj 6yKBapcK0-MeT0ACK0J KH>nateBH0CTn 
jeBponcKoj. YjeAHO je (ma n HajpacnpocTpaiteHnja. Ha^iasnuo 
je y HeaiaqKoj yTBpfyeHy joni y paHnjnM BpesieHHMa , 3aBeAeny 
no nmojiaMa y npBoj no^ionnHn 16. BeKa (Hapowro M. Ax- 
TepoM) n Kao HajyBaaseHHJy CBe ao HaJHOBnjor BpemeHa. KaKO 
cy npe ^.yiepa y ne./ioj HemaiKoj mKO^e croja^e Bpyio ptjaBO, 
nonei ce totobo hhko Hnje o itnia (jpirayo, n KaKO ynpaBO 
HHJe (mo HapoAHe hiroaq, Kao nrro je nma A«inac — lauo 
BeyinKe n HanpeAHe — y HeMaiitoj , TaKo Hnje Hn gy^o, 
mTo je oBa MeTOAa 6ea& oiua jeAHHa n y uaJBehoj i iarni. 
Mnoro je nyAHnje KaKO ce OHa AP^^a tcwihko Bpejie, i.;i,ia 
cy no^eyin ycfaja-rn npoiHB ite n naynminn ii npahTimnn 
yMHTe.Ln H3Hocetiu CBe HesroAe npn.inKOM yieaa no toj He- 
npnpoAHoj MeTOAH. 



6 ByKBAPCKA Ml.TOAUKA J' <t,,.\ 

OtfeJiea&iTTH yi'Hijaj oBor Hamer npBor tfyEBapa na nncij,e 
Kojn ce j;us.i.ajy aouhmjo y Hac c hctii.u KH»H»eBHHM frejama,, 
HHJe HaM hhoko Moryke. KaKO je PayaHHHOB (JyKBap ociao 
y pyKonncy, Moate ce mhcahth, Aa hmoa nnje hh 3aBoljeH 
y name ramae. CymtaMO Aa cy n ocra^H Hanra hhchh 3Ha.in 
bito 3a n» , He rjje^ajyfcH Ha to hito heMO AOHHnje Hantin Ha 
Aom chhhocth H3Meby ibHx n nncua dyKBapa oa 1717 
roAHHe. 1 ) 

II. II. KaA caM CBpmaBao OBaj *MaHaK A03Hao caii ao- 
dpoiOM r. CTOJaHa HoBaKOBHJia , Aa y KapjioBa^iKoj naTpn- 
japranjcKOJ dndjinjoTeHH HMa HeKH pyKonnc h y H>esiy Ha Kpajy 
(Ha 206 h 207 jincry) noieiaK 6yKBapa. 3a h> AP^n r. 
HoBaKOBnh Aa je Aonyna obom OBAe onncaTOM , ho Aa je 
nnaK cTapnjn oa H>era 3a Kojy roAHHy. Hac/ioB my je aiajio 
ApyK i injn Hero y oBora , a MaxepHJayi cKopo hcth. EEocae 
6yKBHH,e HAy c/ioroBn: Ba, Ba, ra, Aa, hta. peAOM ca cbhx 
20 cymacHHKa. Hero TaKO cnajajy ce obh cyMacHHHH peAOM 
h c: e, n, o, 8, i>, li, t , i , H) , a. Ho tom AO^ia3e cao- 
tobh : 6pa, Bpa, hta. hta. peAOM ca cBHMa iviacHHHMMa, 



Ha ApyroM MecTy y3HMaM0 jeAaH 6yKBap , Ha KOiie HnrAe 
HHJe 3a6e.ieateH0 hh MecTO rAe je hh BpeMe KaA je niTaM- 
naH. OcaaaajyliH ce Ha 6n6./iHJorpa(f)njy r. CTOJaHa HoBaKO- 
BHlia (cTp. 16.) ap^hmo Aa My je nncan 3axapnje Opcpe- 
.ihh h Aa je niTaMnaH y M.teHHMa roAHHe 1776. Moate 6hth, 
Aa My je H3Aafte, Koje je y HauiHM pyoMa, H3 AOHHnjer 
BpeMeHa (h. np. oa 1793. r.) , jep ce Ha jeAHOM MecTy y 
npeAroBopy OBor tfyKBapa bqaw, Aa ce Ha hobo („bhobb") 
H3Aaje; ho cBaKaKO He KeMo norpeniHTH, ano y r 3MeMO Aa y 
AOHHnjeM H3Aan.y Hnje 6kao HHKaKBHX H3MeHa , hotcm 6h ce 



') BpeAHocT OBor 6yKBapa, Kao ii CBiijy ocTa.inx Koje tejio y 
obom q^iaHKy u3^iojkiith , pa3.ioHiii}ieMO Ha Kpajy y obiutoj KapaK- 
TepncTimu ii oBeHii ciiHTeTiiiKe sieTOAe. 



BYKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 7 

to y tom c/iynajy H3piKOM HanoMeHyjio. Hac/ioB je Op<J)e^H- 
hobom 6yKBapy oBaj : „IIepBoe oyqeHie xotaiuhmi. oynn- 
THCflKHnrT) nncMeHH c^aBeHCKHMH, Ha3HBaeMoe Bh- 

KBapb. C^ MHOrHMH nO;ie3HUMH H nOTpedHHMH HaCTaBjieHiflMH, 
no KOTOpHMa B03MOaiHO Bt KpaTKOMI) BpeMeHH OTpOKa . He 

tokmo nepKOBHHa, ho h rpaxAaHCKia CJiaBeHCKaro H3HKa nn- 
cama coBepmeH© MHTaTH odywrn, kt> npaMOMH Bfono3HamB) 
h Bf ono^HTamio HacTaBHTn; h ki> nonaris) pa3HHXT> B'B 
rpaatAaHCKOMt jehtIh hs;kahi>ixt> Bemeii npnBecTH : Hehb nep- 
B'te paAH oynoTpedjieHia cep6cKarG> KHomecTBa H3AaftL." 

y npe^roBopy CBora (JyKBapa nncan ce no3HBa Ha nc- 
KycTBo , oko cpncKa Aena ynekn ce HHTaity cflOBeHCKHx KH>nra 
H3AaHry6e Bpjio MHoro y noqeTKy yie&a , na nnaK He H3nt)y 
H3 mm/ia MHorn , kojh 6h jeqae Aa wrajy „6ed% aorpi- 
inema npaBHJiHO h Ao6po." Eao MaBHH y3poK, iuto je to 
TaKO, Hajia3H Op(J)eMH, Aa je to hito Aena „He hmhtb 
ocHOBaTe^iBHaro b'b caaioarB Haia^t. HacTaBjieHia. " Ochm Tora 
HanoMHH>e , Aa je KpHBnua n ao HeKHx mockobckhx (Beiinx) 
h KHJeBCKHx (Maanx) tiyKBapa , 3a Koje npn3Haje Aa He siory 
6hth oa KopncTH cpncKoj Aenn , hotom je y Cptfa „H3roBa- 
pHBaHie peieHifl BecMa OTiiHoe", a choco6hhx yqnTe.La oneT 
— BeAE — HeMa MHoro. To cy nodyAe nnnmeBe, H3 kojhx 
OBaj 6yoap („bhobb") H3Aaje, h to c npaBn;iHMa n npn- 
MeA^aMa , no Kojniaa 6e — Be^n ce — Morao CBaKH Ha- 
CTaBHHK, dam n a^ Hnje „coBepmeHH<o hckhcchi/' 3a Bpjio 
KpaTKo Bpesie n de3 bqahkoy TpyAa Aa ynyTn Aeny y ,,ca- 
BpnieHo AodpoM" wran>y. EncaH joni otfetaBa, Aa te Aena 
oVrn y crafty Aa iHTajy „npjiBHJHo h cKopo* cBaKy urmi- 
naHy Kibnry, aKO nponncaHHM HaMimoM" Asa Tpn nyx npoy i ie 
OBaj dyKBap, hmth he — bc/ih — Kao AOivie 6nm oa ho- 
Tpede, Aa ce Aena yqe tomko BpeaieHa Aa mrrajv n H3 
Apyrnx mnra. 

IIIto ce THqe yraeAa , no Kojnjia je nucan. H3paAno OBaj 
(JyKBap, to oh caM HanoMHii»e, Aa je y Tosie c/ieAOBao , „ca- 



ByKBAP< KA Ml Io.i.iika v CPBA 
MHM'J. IIi'KHCirhlilllll.M'J. HapOAaMl) , HBltlOfflTHArL UOUOHmW (0 

ynrkxt 1:1. n;iyi;;i.vi. cBoer© lOHoiuecxBa." 3a obo keMO OAMax 
nahii iiu riipAe. ~ Pa3AaatyliH , k;iko Hnje noxpedHo , Aa ce 
tiopeA oBor djKBapa Aaje Aenn join kojh (04 ohhx kojh cy 
3a ow on.™ Bajpacnpo6TpaH»eHHJH) , Op<J)e./iHB npenopyiyje 
OBHiia Kojii 011 XTe.'iii Aa y x ie cacBHM Jiayiy Aeny no3HaBaH>y 
iiiKMOHa x<i paAe OBano : Aa Haqirae ohojihko «ieTBpTacTHX 
Kapxnna kojihko je y a36ynn c/iOBa , Aa ce Ha cBanoj Kapxnnn 
nannine gaobo no Be^Hmmn Kapxe (He Kaaie ce y kom ofanKV. 
ho no cboj npiMHHH Kao raTaamaHa cjiOBa) n Aa ce Aeieiy 
Aajy y pyite cBaKH AaH no ABe Kapxe n Aa My ce noKa3yje, 
KaKO ce Ha npn./inKy Ha oboj Kapxn c/iobo 30Be A. na xoj 
E hxa. (IHxo ce xn^e nsroBapafta n HMeHOBaita c./ioBa , npe- 
nopyiyje ce, Aa ce cBaKn ynpaB.ia no obom (SyKBapy). H 
xaKo he — Be^in nncan — Aexe naiaxn xe Kapxnn,e no Ba3- 
AaH y pyKaia n c n>HMa ce nrpajynn HajyiaKme he Haynnxn 
Aa T mxa. IIopeA xora npenopyiyje nncan , Aa ce npeKO AaHa 
nmxe oa Aexexa 0Ba n/iH OHa Kapxa c HMeHOBaaeM caoBa 
Koje ce xoLe, h. np. ,,Aafi MHt Bhkh, Aan ami A3t" nxA- 
Te ne xano Aexe xpyAnxn ce Aa na3n n 3anaaixn cho.lhh o6.ihk 
n Ha3HB cBaKome caoBy n Ha ncKaae AaBane oAMax 0Hy Eap- 
xnny Kojy xpeda. Hapoqnxo dn ce obo nocxnivio — H3JaB.iyje 
nncan Ha Kpajy cBor npeAroBopa — KaA dn poAnxe.tn odena- 
Bajin CBOjoj Aenn, Aa he hi 3a CBaKO noroijeHO cjiobo Aaxn Ka- 
KaB Aap, 6eao xo y BOhy hjih ApyroM i ieiy. H Ha xaj dn HanHH 
— nine/in nncan — „sia./ieHKie a^th, Koxopue xo^bKO nporoBO- 
pHBaxn HaqHSxob, bi. Aecaxb qae bi> 15 AHeil BiiHin./in a3()8E8. a 

OBe yexBpxacxe „ Kapxe" ca ncnncaHHM caoBHMa n obo Aa- 
Baae KojeKaKBnx noooHa 3a norat^afte caoBa, onoMnae Hac 
Ha xaKO Ha3BaHe ,/ioiteKo.Lynne" („<|)H./iaHxponnHHcxe") y He- 
iia^EOJ n Ha n>nxoBor HajneysiopHnjer nodopHno Ba3eA0Ba; 
3a xo heuio oBone Kojy peKn. 

y HeManKoj je cxoja.10 Bp,io p^aBO ca niKOJiaHa y xo 
Bpesie KaA cy ce jaBHJin ./iOBeKo.tynnn " (y npBoj no.ioBnHn 



ByKBAPCKA METOAUKA V CPBA 9 

18. Beua). Cnpoxa Aena Koja cy ce y^nyia no niKO/iaia. 6n./ia 
cy npaBH jiyueHnnn. Ywre-Ln cy 6eau CTpaumo cypoBn .tyAH, 
kojh cy TyKJin e npe6nja./iH Aeny KaA roA cy loivin. Ho ochob- 
hhm niKo^iaMa aiopajia cy Bece^a Aena Aa yue ao 3M 6ora cy- 
xouapHe cTBapn , cBe 6e3 HKaoa xpara oa pa3yMeBaH>a n oa 
jbj6a.BE npesia oHOMe mio cy yiHJia. Oco6hto ce rpauiainKa 6y- 
6ajia Ha namei, a hcto TaKO n eenper./ieAHO cn.iecTBo nspeKa n3 
cb. nHCMa. ^hm Koje AeTe Hnje iuto toa oa cbojo .aeKnnje aa- 
ymtAO no bo.bh cbom „MarHCTpy", HajodnMHflja my je y oho 
Bpeie 6easl Ka3Ha Aa siopa Hay i iHTn Ta i mo oa pe [ in ao pein 
119. nca./iaM /l,aBflAOB (kojh n3Hocn cKopo ABa akcta Be.i. ocm. 
no /^annqnlTeBy npeBOAy). $H/iaHTponnHHCTe Anrome ce Aa Toaie 
say AOCKO^ie. Odpaxnine npBO na;KH>y Ha pea./me HayKe, ycxanie 
npoiHBy Jia^He ho6ojehocth , a iuto je HaJ3Ha*iaJHnje 3a oho 
Bpeuie, ohh yBeAome no mKOJiaMa Be/iHKy (UarocT y nocTvna By 
CAenoM, MecTo AooHAamaer TnpaH^iyKa n damHafta. Ohh cy. 
— to ra ce siopa npn3HaTH (iuo dito Bejie Kap^o KepnT. 
IE^nsiCiax y cBojoj Mei'OAnnn nouerae HacTaBe n3 jc3iiKa ') 
x-reyiH n pa ah 6eae Aa ci'Bope mhoto Aodpora n qoBe i mora, a^n 
HHcy yMe^iH Aa oiviace paT AooHAamtboj (cnHTernqKoj) motoah 
c nieHHiua c/ioBa h Aa je odope, Ben cy caoio raeAa.in Aa 1 iobc i i- 
hhm nocTynaaeM h ApyrnM Kojeqnai 3aiviaAe c no.i>a n 3ac./iaAe 
HesaKO oho ihto je no ce6n 6eao cyxonapHO, ropito, HecBap- 
;lhbo 3a HeatHy npnpoAy AeTiiH.er Ayxa n cKpo3 HenpnpoAHo 
n cocreMaTncaHO y HeKe royie, (JiopMe n KJiacH$HKan,HJe (Sea 
HKaKBe 3aHHMji»HBe caApaiHHe. TaKO HaJ3HaTHujn <lm.iaHTponn- 
HncTa, Ba3eAOB, mhc/iho je Aa ce iHTaae uoa&e rnrpajyliii 
Haywrn. Etpeina TaKBOM cxBa'raH>y oh je HenpecraHc p;i,ui" 
n H3MHUiAao KojeiuTa , i ihhc 611 aohu o.iaKinao cyxonapuo uy- 
(JaBe c/ioBa h decamc/ieHnx KojeKaKBnx c/ioroBa. TaKO y pas- 
hhm cBojnai KiLnrasia oh je npenopy<iiii!ao n. np. poAHTe&HMa, 
Aa npeA cbojom a^uom nsroBapajy pe i in o,\ pasHHX ciaTKuma, 



l ) Biiau Die Methodik des sprachlichen El em en tar un- 
terrichtes. Gotha, 1866. 



10 i;yKBAI'CKA METOAHKA y CPDA 

oa Boha h.ih hhLi , Kao : jadyKe , Kpynme , cyxo rpoatfye, 6a- 
AeM , MeA , mehep , M/ieKo hta , a Aena Aa ce oa cbojhx po- 
AHTe.La xaKO hcto yie H3roBapaTH Te pe<m. TaKO y jeAHOM 
H,eroBOM dyoapy croja^e cy OBe peia: „E-bo cin-Ka oa jm- 
hhx cTBap-iH-n.a : KO-^a-qn-ha h Apy-ro-ra Te-da; je-AaH 
Ta-n.Hp cy-xo-ra rpoat-fya h da-Ae-Ma; je-AaH rpo3A Ha .10- 
3h-uh, je-AaH da-AeM y /Lym-qH-nn , je-AaH da-AeM caB o- 
.tyni-TeH, je-AaH ne-pen h je-AaH pan; je-AHa na-ma h je- 
AHa do-na hta. hta." Obo je cnrpaqo c H3roBapan.eM peqn 
(no c/ioroBnaia). Hoiuto ce to cBpmn, OHAa je Tpeda^io no 
Ba3eA0B.i.eBy HaqnHy Aa ce HacxaBH c/inqHa cnrpaqKa h c 
yqeiteM n ca „cpnnaH>eM" ciOBa. PaA xora cy ce nprajia 
cioBa Ha Kapxana (oHaKO Kao hito ce npenopyqyje y obom 
HameM dyKBapy) , na cy ce OHAa Aena ca cbojhm poAHTe.tHMa 
nrpa/ia Kapaia. (han dann h. np. a (H3 cpeAHHe KapaTa 
Koje doje npeA h>hm) , a A^Te noTpaacn y cbojhm KapiaMa 6, 
dann ra Ha cto ao a, na paAOCHO H3roBopn: ad. Oan dann 
Aa.te Kapiy, Ha kojoj je HanpiaHo h. np. o , a Aeie Hai>e n. 
np. 3, dann ra Ha cto, na oa paAOCTH noBnqe 03!" KaA 
TaKO noroAH A6Te Aa npoqnTa oho ihto dann oho h OTan My, 
OHAa — npenopyqyje Ba3eA0B (a no H»eMy Ba.iAa h nncan 
Hamer dyKBapa) — Tpeda AeTeTy 3a to Aa ce AaAe hito toa, 
h. np. Ma./io cyxa rpomlja hjih napqe jadyKe h./ih KpymKe, hjih 
Aa My ce noKaaie KaKBa yiene ciHKa, h^h Aa My ce Aony- 
cth, Aa MOffie 3a kojh TpeHyTaK cboj memnpHL HaKpnBHTH, 
EM oneT Aa My ce 3a to ihto je noroAH^io ApyroBH aeroBH 
yqTHBo noooHe hta hta. — Kao hito ce bhah , Ba3eA0B je 
Bo.iaH dno , Aa neo paA cyxonapHor yqeaa HaqHHH kojhko je 
Moryke 3annM.<bHBnJHM , na je y TOMe — pa3yMe ce — OTnmao 
n cyBnme Aa^ieKo , Te je neo paA yqeaa , kojh ho cedn Mopa 
dHTH BaBeK 03dn,LHe npnpoAe, nocTao npaBa cnrpaqKa, de3 
HOKBe BHnie ne.M 3a Aeny h H3^nmaH y oqHMa 03dH.tHa qo- 
BeKa. — A^n to cBe Hnje dn^io Aocra ,peBH0CH0M" Ba3e- 
AOBy. Oh cmhcih h nopyqfl koa x^edapa , Aa My yMecn n hc- 



EJ'KBAPCKA METOAQKA V CPBA 11 

ne i ie no Aocra oa cBaKor c/iOBa HeaiaqKor. 3a thm Hannme 
KftHry o Tome, Tpaaiehn Aa ce y CBaKoj Bapomn nocTaBH no 
Kojn x;ie6ap 3a npaB.iefte n neieae c/iOBa (oa Tecxa oa Kor 
ce o6nqHo Mece 3eMnqKe) , na aa Ta c/iOBa Kynyje ynHTe.i. 3a 
Ae^Hje nape n Ha n>HMa Aa yne Aena naiaTH. Koje Aeie 
Hayqn Koje c/iobo , oho ra cMe (y inKOyin) Aa nojeAe. Ba3e- 
AOB cai Bejin: „Mn cmo to oryieAa^n. Bnme oa l ieTupn He- 
Ae.te AaHa Hnje hh jeAHO Aeie reaao noxpede Aa jeAe ne- 
neHa c/iOBa. EaA nolje cTBap Kao ihto ipe6a , oHAa npaB.LeH>e 
thx KOJia i iHha He CTaje AneBHO 3a cBaKO Aeie BHrne oa 2 
nape. To i ihhh Ha HeAe^y no 12 napa, a 3a qeinpn He- 
Ae/be Henno Bnrae oa rpoma. Tojihko OBa CTBap Aojncia BpeAH, 
na Ma KaKO Aa cy Aena cnpoManma." hta. — OBa ,,Heo*ie- 
KHBaHO Be^HKa nonpaBKa" — Kao niTo je Ba3eAOB Kpcmo 
cboj npoHa^a3aK — Hanua je y oho Bpeue xraornx n peBHOc- 
hhx npncTajinna. Oho ce ncTHHa noc/ie Ba36AOBa Hncy BHrne 
jejia c.aoBa no nmo./iaMa , 8M cy ce cnrpaifca HaciaB^ajia jonr 
Bnrae nocie H>era. TaKO cy ce OHe Kapie n cioBa no dyKBapnma 
nrraMna.ae pa3HHM dojaia, h to „mapeHH.ao fa ' APJKajio ce 3a HeKH 
HanpeAaK. (3a AeBOJqnne npaB.LeHe cy ajtkq c a3, 6ykh, 
BJeAH hta). IIo dyKBapHMa 6eao je ochm mapeHnx c/iOBa n 
CBaKOJaKnx cMKa ca CTHXOBHMa Aa He Mojse Myn.LHM Ghth. 1 ) 
Ha mapeHa c./ioBa Ha^a3HMO h y HameM obom 6yKBapy.' 2 ) 
ByKBnna je H3^03KeHa y o(MHKy BeyiHKnx n mnnx ciOBa 
(no 40 Ha Cpojy) 3ajeAHO c npnAOAaTnai nieHHMa c/iOBa , Aa 
6n ce — Be^n Op(|)e^HH — Ae're jom ncnpBa HaBiucio Ha 
Ao6po H3roBapaH>e. A a& Cn AeTe „joni tio&e cxBa™io n 
3anaMTH^o" chojLhh H3ivieA c/iOBa, HaBOAH nncan, iHTaBY uy- 
KBnny join r rpn nyr: jeAHOM Kao Be/ino, Apyrn nyr Kao 
Majia c/iOBa h Tpehn nyT odpHyraM peAOM. 



') Bhaii o CBeMy TOMe noiieHyTy MeTOAiisy cip. 14 — 17. 

2 ) BeyiiiKa cyioBa HiTaMnana cy y upbghoj tfoju; iicto TaKO n no- 

qeTHo c/iobo oa uMeHa o/iOBa; Jiajia nan cioBa uiTaMiiaua cy 

TtpuoM (Iojom. 



12 ByKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA 

!I::,i obhx oyiriuma nncau ce yiiynrra — AOCTa RpaTKO 

y |i;i::,v i.ni;aii>e ciona (iviacoBa) Ha : „caMorAacHLiH% „co- 
MacHHfl" h „npnnpaiKHorAacHbui hjii (5e3ryiacHbia" (crp. 10). 
Kao mctoackh pa3Aor xoie HaBOAn ce: iuto je ^HeMOffiHO owl 
Toro npaBHJiHO n aoupi nn wraTH hh nncam." YjeAHO ce 
Ty H3^aaje , r^e A0.aa3ii i» a r^e i> , raia je fi> , cnoMn&e ce 
s» n AOKasyje ce KaKO je noxpeCHO Aa y CiyKBiimi idki a u 
n h 3apaA pa3JMEOBafta neKiix pe^n hta. 

KaA ce Aeua noxnyHO yno3HaAy c n,pKBeHO-CAOBeHCKHM 
caoBHMa, OHAa nx — BeAH nncau — Ba.ta ynyxnTn y no- 
3HaBaH>y „rpa;KAaHCKHX'b nncMeH-L." H xa cy CAOBa (Ha it p. 
12) H3^ioateHa n Kao BeAHKa n Kao Majia c npnAOAaxnu ma- 
ahm i^pKBeHCHM cAOBnma , caino nx je siaite Ha 6pojy (t. j. 
cBera 32). OcxaAo HaBo^efte 6yKBHD,e Kao „Haqa^HHXi n hoa- 
Ha^ia./iHnx'L nncMefft" h Ae^eae iviacoBa, roxoBo je oHaKo hcto 
Kao ihto cnoieHycMo HanpeA 3a npKBeHO-CAOBeHCKy dyKBnny. 

ciOBy K roBopn ce Aa je Cpdnia noxpedHO n Aa ce 
.,ABojaKO" H3roBapa.') 

H3a oBora AOAa3e caombh. Ohh cy cacxaB.teHn H3 ABa 
caoBa (jeAHor cyoacHHKa n jeAHor rjiscHHBa), n to y ABa 
nyx: npoeHO-CAOBeHCKHM h rpa^ancKHM CAOBnaia Kao: Ba, 
de, dn, do, 6h, 6li, dt, dio, da n TaKO peAOM u, z, 4 
hta (npeKO 200 cAoroBa ca n,pKBeHO-cAOBeHCKnM n dAH3y 200 
c rpa^aHCKHM CAOBniia). Meijy obhm cAoroBnaia nuia n xaonx, 
3a Koje CoAapnk AonHnje Kaate , Aa ce HHKaKo He HaAa3e y 
„^hctom HameBi" je3HKy, a th cy h. np. rti, rio, ra; fl,w, 
kh, kk», Ka; (})K), (|)a hta. OptyeAHH naK Be^in, Aa nx je 
HaBeo — He od3npyliH ce Ha npefyanrae cAOBeHCKe dyKBape, 
Befe — yr.ieAajyhn ce Ha nexepdypnme n AaxnHCKe , Aa dn 
Aena AaKme yxydnAa „rAacHHH nncaieHa, Koxop&ia 3AX> eAHHO 
y Apyraro dAH3K0 cxonxT)." 



') Obo je luaeHo 113 HyjKAe, noieM OHAa Htrje 6uao AaHamaer 
c.ioBa ^. 3a to ce 11 HaTe3a.ao cBanojaKO, Te ce 3a npBo {&) 
mica.io 11 tb a 3a APyro (^1 ae>. 



ByKBAPCKA METOAnKA y CrBA 13 

^a oBaj pa3.ior He Bpean imoro , pa3yMe ce no cetfn. 
Mhoto je noxBa.iHnja Apyra npnjieA^a nnnmeBa, y kojoj ce 
onpaBAaBa dito flnje jora Bnme cioroBa nspefyao (Kao mro nx 
mia y ApyrnM c.ioBeHCKHM 6yKBapHMa) , Aa He 6n .,a^th b-b 
TaKnx'L cwrax Bpeaia HanpacHO Tepa.in, pacyaiAaa tto pe- 
TOHia uo.ie3Hte npocTBixt TaKnxt CJioroBt." (CTp. 18). 

MeTOACKO npaBH.io sa cpnnaite n H3roBapaH>e cioroBa 
iviacn : Aa fyaK HMeHyje ncnpBa camo cjioBa , a pmie.L Aa 
H3roBapa c.ioroBe , na Aa ipaam oa IjaKa Aa n OBaj noBiopn 
to niTo oh nsroBopn , a Aonmije Aa ce fyaK can naynn ouoje 
H3roBapaTH (dp. 17). 

Ilpe.iaaeiin Ha penn oa xpn , neTnpn n Bnme c/iOBa nncan, 
HanoMnite , KaKO HacTaBHHHn Ba.ta Aoopo Aa na3e , Aa Aena 
H3roBapajy cBaEn cjior jacHHM iviacoM h cBaKy pen nncTO no 
aKD,eHTy n Aa je iHTajy OHaKo Kao ihto je HanncaHa.') 

IIIto ce Time npBe Bpcie penn , xy Hnje — Kao Aonmije 
y Apyrnx — naiKeHo hh Hajiaae Ha KaKBy cacTeMaTH^HOCT, 
jep h. np. rjiacHHK aom3h sac y noneiKy, iac y cpeAHHH, 
nac oneT Ha Kpajy, a cyiviacHnKa mia jeA;ni ii.ui ABa (h. 
np. 0,3%,.. BH'b,... jiasa, M3Ka,.. kai (CTp. ID hta). Oa 
penn c ABa c.iora (n 4 — 5 caoBa) njia h oBaKBiix : .. nii-r.u .... 
up-xa,... Jia-Ba,... xa-pa,... na-Ta" (cip. 20) hta. Ko- 



') Trko ii. np. 3a6paH>yje impei: bo nam 'iirraTii Kao: Ba iimo: 
iicto TaKO 3aSpaH>yje i niTaTii obc pemi : xBa.ia, xpicTOCB, t|m- 
.i ii ii ii i., i|)icTi., ((lapaoHi. uta. Kao: Ba.ia (ii.ui u: t|ia.ia), pu- 
ctoc, Biiaiin, biict hta. HapoqiiTO roBopii npoTUBy Tora , iiito 
cepein: .rfcnoTa n .rhnuii (n .rbiit) miTajy sao: .lenoia. 
a en ii (ii .ion) u npeoanyje omnia icojn re po i m raKO H3roBa- 
pajy Kai;o to paAe .,6e3i> pacyKAenni *ito .it. in. n .ie in. ii.m\ i >• 
B'b cepocKOMi, )i3i.iK'h cbou ocooeHHiuji I'.iia.Mi'iutr.aiiiji". jep .10 
noTa (.,.it. uotu") 3Ha<in ,,KpacoTy Beqin", a .ion je CMeraa 
leMJbe c ii.icbom n boaom (.,ei. ii.iene.u.io n boaok>") bta. "a 
CBera Tora n o.i Apynix pom ..;i.;uicy lie CBOficTBeHHHXi H e.iyxy 
neiipiirnu.ixi.- mn.a cpncay Aony — no aapHHHOJ upoiopynn 
OBor pycoMaHa — .,iipii.it.-,i;iuMiiiH' oTBpanJTaTn." 



1-1 '•■ KBAPCKA METOAHKA V I l'l.A 

jihko cy TaKBe peqn Moivia cpncEa Aeua pa3)iieTM , to Moae 
cBai; cefa npe^CTaBHTH. Hero trko naia h OBaEBEX peqn: 
„A r r-Ti-KH, 6e-pe-3a,... ra-ae-pa,... aia-yio-da,... H3- 

jiz-xa qe-ca-jio a mta. 3a OBe h MHore Apyre pein oao 

iv Bpcre npiiJiehaBa niicai; , Aa je HapoiHTo (fapao Taoe y 
kojhx cy cJioroBH cac'raB.j>eHH canio H3 no ABa c/ioBa , „m:o 
6u rim ^erqae oipoKy bosmojkho 6rj\q, coc'raB./mji r raKO KpaT- 
Eifl cjiora, peqeHis iraroBapHBaTH." 3a Behe peqn (crp. 21. 
h 22.) HanoMHH.e yHanpeA , KaKO npn ilhxobom cpimaity Ba.ta 
nasHTii: aKO ce Koja cBpraaBa Ha ABa MacHHKa, OHAa je 
nocjieAH>n c/ior 3a ce , a aKO ce Aece ABa iviacHHKa y no- 
qeTEy peqn, OHAa npBn qnHH 3a ce cior, a y3 Apyrn HAy 
ocTajiH cyr.aacHHUH, h. np. e-An-Ha-qe,... i-AOji-cKO-e,... 
wp-MaH-Ka,... 5|fi-(J)H-Aa,... •e-e-o-^o-ri-Ji,... v-na-Ko-n (48 
Ha 6pojy). Y3 to ce HaBOAH jom HeKo^iHKO npaBiL/ia . KaKO 
pa3^H i me peqn Ba.^a Ae^HTM Ha c/ioroBe. 

Ha noc/ieTEy ce jom HaBOAH HeKOJiHKo (27) peqn oa 
jeAHor c^ora, a oa BHme (4 — 5) ciOBa, n HeKO^HKO (npeKo 
30) peqn oa BHnie c^oroBa rpafyaHCEHM caoBHMa. /l,a ce H T J 
HHje na3HJio Ha H3dop peqn h Ha oHy Aeny Koja 6n hx nia/ia 

IHTaTH, BHAH Ce H3 HeKOJIHKO H>HX , H. Hp I „ A"A a-MaHT Tb ,... 

rap-HH-30Hi.,... KaH-AH-AaTi).... y-npiiM-CTBo,... n,e-pe- 
Mo-Hi-a,... HiJia-xeT-cTBo,... r-»Kc-ne-pn-MeHTT>" hta- 

H y jeAHOJ npnieAdn Ha Epajy obot 0Ae.£Ka (cTp. 24) 
oneT npnsHaje nncan, Aa cpncKa Aena npoBeAy no „Tpn h 
qeTnpn roAHHe" c dyKBapoM h npoqn'raB h6ko^hko nyra qa- 
c/ioBan, h nca^iTHp jeABa Aoby AO Tora Aa ^HTajy 6e3 no- 
rpemaKa. Y3pOK je tomo , BeM , hito Aena HeMajy TeMe.tnTor 
ynyTCTBa „bt. no3HaHin h cK^aAHBaHbio mimewb u , na ce oa 
cTpaHe nncna upenopyqyje , Aa yqnTe&n HenpecTaHO ynynyjy 
Aeny . KaKO he cacTaBjta'ra H3 „nncMeHa" c/ioroBe n H3 cio- 
roBa peqn , JiacKajytn ce6n , Aa te ce Ha -raj HaqnH Aena sa 
KpaTKO Bpeaie cnpeaiHTH Aa Aotfpo Kanre qHTajy. 



I3VKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA ' 15 

y aeo 6yKBapcKH AOJia3e n cKpaheHe peqn Koje ce Ha- 
./ia3e no npKBeHCKHM Kftnraiaa. OHe ce Hajia3e y obom oyKBapy 
y npujinqHOM 6pojy (6Amj 160). YnopeAO c anaia H3.ioa;eHe 
cy h noTnyHe penn, KaKo 6u Aen,a „3Ha.ia, mm> ohhh noAt 

THTJaMH CyiHTHfl H3TOBOpHBaTK HaAodHO" (dp. 33.) 

3. 

H3a Op(|)eJiHHOBor 6yoapa AO./ia3n Kao no BpeieHy neay 
Haj6./iHaiH: „ByKBapi> pa^H ceptfcitar© lOHomecTBa bb 

XHHrapCKOBI'b Kpa^eBCTBt, H IipHCOBOKHIlJieHHHX'B 

ei» npeA'i^ex'L'% niTaMnaH y Be^y roAHHe 1785. Oh je 
Bpjio 3HaqajaH c Tora , mio cy ce H3 n>era n iteroBHX aoh- 
hhjhx H3AaH.a yqoH tojIHKh Hapanrrajn cpncke Aene KaKO y 
AycTpnjn TaKO n y Cp6njn (y Cp6njn totobo HenpecTano ao 
1844. roAHHe). 

II,ejia dyKBnna y mTajmahnM n (>p3onncmra , Be.mKmi n 
MaJiHM c^iOBHMa, H3^oateHa je Ha npBni cipaHaMa Tora 6y- 
KBapa obhm peAoai: 

a , 6 , b , r , a , e , a£ , s , 3 , ? , n , i , k , a , u , h , o, 
n, p, c, t, 8, oy, $, x, ©, a, q, in, m., t, h, l , i, 
a , © , h) , k\ , a , v , ^f , ^ , v. (OBAe cy — npnaiepa paAH 
— HaBeAeHa camo Ma./ia caoBa y mxaMnaHOM o6.iiiKy). Epe 
Hero mTO 6n ce nperayio na ciwianaiLe pa3Hnx c.ioroBa Mopao 
je A^KJie \)&k H3ynnTH OBa 43 c./ioBa n to y nempn pasHa 
o6^HKa, (Aaoe ynpaBO npeKO 170 no cno.LamikeM H3r.nM\ 
AOda pa3M x mnx c/ioBa). 

H y obom tfyKBapy, Kao n y npBOM n y Apyroii, AOM3e 
npBO c/ioroBH oa Ana caoBa, n. np. Ba, oe, tin, di hta. 
cnajajyliH peAoai cBe cyiviacHHKe c rviacnnniiMa. y ocTajum 
c/ioroBHMa pa3JinKyje ce oa h.ux , jep je y li.eaiy — nrro ce 
TH^e c/ioroBa — npoBeAt'Ha BcuiKa CHCTeMaTH^HOCT. Taso Esa 
npBnx c/ioroBa AO/ia3e c/iofobh oa 'rpn c/ioisa . n to npBO iukbh 
kojh ce no i iHH>y c kojhm rjiacHHKOM, saBpmyjy c i., a v cpe- 
Ahhh HMajy 6yAn kojh cyr,iacnnK (n. np. asi, a,vi«. 0X!B, 



I 6 ByttBAl :i.A V <TI,A 

iixi, iita crp. 6.), Aii.i.u caoroBH kojh ce uomiiby Cyan eo- 
jhm cyrjiacHHKOM , eaBprayjy c it, a y cpeAHHH ioiajy kojh oa 
w ocaM fl iviai'iniKii (ii. np. (Sofi, BOft, a oil, lafi, a ail hta 
crp. 7.) Hajnoc^e c/ioroBn cacraBAeHH oa ABa 6yAn Koja 
cyrjiacHHKa n jeAHor MacHHEa Ha Kpajy (h. up. G\/ia.... 

MHO,... KCH (1T8,... HpK),... 1T8,... -O-pO HTA). Hsil OBEX 

AO.aa3e c/ioroBH oa 4 , 5 n 6 cyiOBa , coanaHn Hapomrro TaKO, 
Aa y noqeiKy croje no ABa h Tpn cyrAacHHEa a na Epajy 
kojh rjiacHHK (h. np. cipa,... ckak,... cn./iio,... mesAi*,... 
<J>icTi> HTA- ()AE3y 70 TaKBHx c/ioroBa, crp. 7 n 8). 

Hoc/ie npocrnx c/ioroBa Ao/iase ^HTaBe pe^n oa ABa n Bnme 
cioroBa (Kao: 6o-apoctb, Kpin-a-iniH, coBOEyn^-niin, 
poiKA-me... AH-Ha, Cap-pa,... sn-Bia, na-pa.... ABpa-asi'. 
Mo-aBi. HTA- oa crp. 10—16). — Ha noc./ierEy roams 
HHore cKpaKeHe. u noTnyHo ode^iejKeHe pe^n (Ha Tpn n no 
AEGTd) n HeKe BameHnne c npeA-/io3HMa kt> n c&. C thm ce 
saBpmyje npBH — 6yEBapcEH — Aeo 1 ). 

OBaj 6yEBap oa 1785. toa. HaaasHMO n y aouhhjhh H3- 
AaH.nna, n to y jeAHOi oa 1812. toa- y ApyroM oa r. 1844. 
n y Tpehei oa r. 1853. y obhm je H3AaH>HMa ocrajio cBe 
Eao niTO cmo wsao'meae n3 tiysBapa oa 1785 toa. Camo je 
dyKBHHa y HeEO/iHEo cEpannBaHa , nonei je n3ocxaB.5.eH eojh 
ooVihk oa o/iOBa HaBofyeHHx ABa h Tpn nyTa y npBoj 6yKBnnn. 
(Ochbi Tora y aadyuH je npoieaeH cno/bamH>n peA y tojiheo, 
uito noc/ie npBnx Ha^inx c/iOBa y nrraMnaHOM o().anEy AO-iase 
oAMax Mayia 6p3onncHa caoBa , a He Eao y ohom H3Aaity oa 
r. 1785. Aa AO-iaae Be.mEa caoBa mTainaha OAMax nocae 
lajinx y hctom o6aekj. 2 ) 

') HaiaMo HanoMeHyTii joni u to, KaKO je OBaj 6yKBap u3pa^eH 
HanopeAO Ha ABa je3HK,a: HenaiKn ii upKBeHO-ciOBeHCKU. By- 
KBnita je casio ihcto c.ioBeHCKa. IIIto ce Time c.ioroBa, ohii cy 

— pa3yjie ce Ha HeinaHKoj no.ayTnnu ca cbhm APyK^HJn, a Ha 
cyioBeHCKoj oneT ApyK'inju. CBe nau ocTa.'io Ha.aa3n ce y bbphom 
npeBOAy ti Ha jeAHOM ii Ha ApyroM je3UKy. 

2 ) IIIto ce Tiiie Hesia^Kor TeKCTa , Taj je y obhm — Cvahmckiim 

— H3AaH>iiMa ca cbhm n30CTaB5>eH. 



BJ'KBAPCKA METOAHKA. J' CPBA 



17 



ByKBap II a b a a Co^apnta, HasBaH: ..ByKBapi. caa- 
BeHCKin Tpia36yqHHii, ilau nepBoe pyEOBOACTBO kt> 
no3HaHiio KHnnb n nncaHin" hta. inTaainaH je y MjieT- 
unaia ro/i,HHe 1812, n o/UHKyje ce oa npe^araitDX cbojoh ca- 
ApatHHOM , Koja je HS^oateHa Hapowro y Apyroai A^^iy. 03 
npeAroBopa Co.ziapHh.eBor bhah ce, Aa je 6eaq y oho Bpeaie 
Be./iHKa HOTpeda Aa Cpdn Aodnjy cboj nomyH dyoap „n 
oiymiaHi) ©T'b ByKBapeii Apyrnxi) HapoAOBi , oko <ito e 
O'MH^Ha n cyAOHHa Hama <ott> csAdnHe Apyrnx"L, n hhcmo 
Hame g>tt> nncia uxt." hta- 3Ke.ietiii Aa „canoyKH HacraB- 
hhuh" (KaKBHx je oHAa noHaJBnme (mo y Hac) Aodnjy y 
pyse JeAHaKO npaBiuo h pyKOBOACTBo" 3a cede u 3a Aeuy 
Kojy y i ie, n HaiepaBajytin Aa jeAHOM H3daBD cpncKe cnHOBe 
„ «)tt» OHe noradHe AaHrsde ci, H'EKoyiuKOKpaTHHMi. hscthm'B 
npein'raBaHieMi *iacoc.flOBa n f a^THpa , koji to.iiii;(o Ayr© Hie 

Aa.ia Cepdwsi OTBopnTB o<m n (odoApHin poAn- 

Te^e cepdcKe H3 r f> oHora paBHOA»nmi hah iieoxo-re ko khh- 
raMi. , Koa e nonpeiHorH npoHSHnma u3ii AocaAe , rA'fc ohh 
Aoce.it, He BHAehn no 'rpu n wrnpn .dvra BHKaKBora ycnixa 
A*ue cBoe, Bpaha.an cy hhhii cnpaBeAMBora QpespeHia in. 
(TaKWBnM-L) niKOjaMT. u MarYcTpcoHT. , chhobo CBoe aomii" hta. 
Cojapnh je nocae OpftejiHHa a sa Cpde Hanncao npBii sajeAHO 
c (JyKBapoM h HeKo ynyrcTBO, KaKO Tpetia j\e\\y yuimi 'iinaii.y 
m»KBeH0-c^oBeHCKOM n rpafyaHCKOM (a u r.ianuimi'iKOM). 3a 
to je fteroB tiymiap y npBoj cbojoj ikmii liciiprKii.vni qecTHM 
npiiHeAciiiMa n oniimpimjiiM paBHOBpcHHM yuyn rinnui. 
• HcnpBa pasjiaate Co.iapuh. nrra je to KH>nra n na ui'ra 
cy rjioBa, onpeAe.i.yje dyKBap Kao Kii.iiry Koja ym „npaBO- 
rjarojaHiro caaBeHCEOMH" imh Kao n;iyi;y Eoja ynykyje KaKO 
he ce no3HaTii cflOBBHCKa c/iOBa, KaKO be ce npaBHMO H3ro- 
Bapjrni, KaKO he ce y caoroBe ri,-yii.i.;rni . KaKO be ce pe^H 

IIpilBIWHO MUTIITII , a IK' TOM KaKO lit' C6 11 raMil 0/lOBa Up- 




I'jlACHIIR xxxvu 



18 UJ'KBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 

Tarn (t. j. nHcaTM) , — na j\eAii CyKBap Ha j\mi agasl: 
„]i}>iiii()[.iaro^aHVe n KpacHonncaHie. " 

y npBOM Aejiy nomTO je onpeAe^no una cy c.MBa y 
online , esa&mq OAMax cBa Majia ciOBa caobgeckh (42 Ha 
6pojy) no h>hxobom cno.tamiLeM H3ivieAy , Ka3yje oko ce 30Be 
Koje cioBO no cbom HMeHy h ode^eataBa itnxoB rjiac. 3a thm 
Ka3yje, KaKO je ry dyonny cacraBHO cb. Knpn./io yMe^a- 
jyJiH ce HeniTO Ha rpuKy a3(>yKy Hemio Ha cb. JepOHnma , h 
HanoMHH>e , oko je OAaBHa nocrojao odimaj , Aa ce nmeHa Aajy 

HOJeAHHHM CylOBHMa, H KaKO H MH HMaMO HMeHa : a3, 6) 7 KH 

hta. 3a cBOJa ciOBa. Obo ^noApaaiaBaite" Be.in Cojiapnh Hnje 
6eao Ao6po: „H6o BM'tcro wtbophth yMT> HeKaMdo Haxpari) 
TaKOBHMH HieHH , 'rpedajio 6n (KaKO) cy Ben ApeBHin Phmaahh 

TBOpH^lH , XOTfl EOA^lEBl, toTb rpeKWBT. ,, KaKO H MH . a3- 
6oKK) CBaKH 6»KKH 3BaTH , 6./1HKO M03CH0 , OHHMt CaMHMT. Ma- 

comi>, Koera OHa 3HaKT> gctb." — Ha Kpajy oBor oAe.LKa 
npHMehaBa Co.iapnli , KaKO HacTaBHHK Ba.ia AeieTy Aa noKa- 
3yje cBaKo ciobo npcTOM eae cKasa&KOM , Aa My ra HMeHyje 
h Aa My noKaaie KaKO ce H3roBapa (Kao Mac), h. np. ,-IlHCMe 
obo A, HMeHse ce A3i>, a tame aa — — — ; obo nncMe 
E, HMeHHe ce Bhkh, a r./iacn Bt>" hta. — 

noc/ie H3^oateHe 6yKBnn.e n OBor ynyicxBa Coyiapsh AeM 
c./iOBa no Hanpiy Ha „pyKonncHa h KiLHroneiaTHa", na OBa 
Apyra j\qae Ha cipo^Ha Ma.ia eae noAHaqajma" (n H3^iaaie 
hx CBa peAOM — Kao n ocrajia — KaKO H3ivieAajy) , Ha 
„CTpo^Ha Be.iHKa hjih Haiajraa", n najnoc/ie Ha „ABOCTpo)qHa 
eae HaAHa^a^Ha" (cxp. 15). To je 6n./ia noA^a ciOBa no 
ehxobom cno.ianm>eM H3ivieAy. Ochm Tora aqae Co./iapnh 
c/iOBa ,,no BHSipeHHiii ceau" Ha „caMOMacHa a n to Ha 
„npoda n cioateHa" (oBa ciojKeHa oneT Ha „ABoer./iacHa" 
h to ,,r\BCTBeHa — Kao: aft, efl , ih hta- — n „noTa- 
eHHa" - Kao: t, H), ro n a) h Ha „TpoeiviacHa" — Kao: 
tit, R)h b Ail; Aa.te Ha „cooacHa" h to ,,npocTa n c/io- 



BYKBAPCKA METOAUKA 5' CPEA 19 

ffieHa" ') h Hajnoc/ie Ha „6e3MacHa" KyAa paiyHa t> h h . ku- 
3yjyhn KaKo cy OHa y cBe3n ca cyr.iiacHHU.iiMa „no,iyrjiacHa " 
CjioBa (dp. 16 n 17). HanoMeHyB H3 iera je cacTaB.teHO 
c^iobo <S , HaBOAH , KaKO y Cp£>a HMa jom jeAHO caobo : Tx Koje 
ce 30Be hepB a qac fyepB, na Be^in , KaKO ce ap&h Aa je 
(5o.i>e jaqn iviac CS) nncaiH OBaKo: Ah (jep OHAa jom nnje 
H3MHffl,ieHO ciobo : 35) , a c/ia6njn Mac (/?) nncain c.iobom 
K. Eoc/ie pa3^araH.a : r^e Tpetfa Aa ce nnrae s a rAe 3. 
KaKO ce (|) h -o- He Ha^a^e hh y jeAHoj *jhcto MOBeHCKoj 
pe*in , MecTo kojhx dOBa A0.ia3H : m . H3 qera je cacTaB.teHO 
h, 'b, re, & (jyc) hta- (cxp. 18.) Ha/ia3HMo Henno ynyrcTBa. 
KaKO xpeda Aeny - nomio Hayqe cBa c.iOBa n no naeHy a 
no r^acy h>hxobom — qecro nponnTHBarn. Koja cy ciosa 
, ; caMorjiacHa", Koja „coiviacHa" n Koja „Ce3MacHa". Y oAro- 
Bopy cbom — Be/iH — ipeda A6ie npcroM a<i HOKa33"je Koja cy 
to c/ioBa . na hohito ce y TOMe aobo.i.ho ynyrn , Aa ca3Ha ko- 

jIHKO HMa CJlOBa „CaMOMaCHHX", KOJIHKO „cor./iacHHx'' HTA- H 

Aa hx Ha naMei Ka3yje (dp. 1 9). PaA Tora no cboj npn.iuun 
npenopy^no je jom y npeAroBopy cbom obo: ..BpeMe Hie 3a- 
CTaBaaTH a^hb Kt A36»hh , A^K^e hhch y coctohhIk) Han3HCTE> 
Ao croTHHe qncMTH , h khuh© hto roA (rpax% . yrhinnuKe) 
p»KOMi) 6e3i> HOM^xe dponra"; (dp. 6). Oa Maite cy BaiRHonn 
3a Hac OBAe npaBnyia Koja nocraBjBa Co^apnh 3a HsroBapaae 
HeKHx h HeKHx c/ioBa , HapoTOTo MacHHKa, (dp. 19 — 21) a 
hcto TaKO h Heo aeroBa npaBUJia o „cpnH,aH>y" (cTp. 22 — 27). 
Oa obhx nocjieAH>Hx HaBemheMO caMo ynyrcTBo, Koje Cojia- 
pnh npenopyyyje y i in r re.iHMa 3a npaKTHKOBaii.e npiuiiKOM cpn- 
naH,a. Hajnpe npn3Haje, KaKO je Harae ^nume", ycaeA 
CMeTH»a Koje ROAnae oa Haranx asdyHHiix nMOHa . noieTHH- 
HHMa Bp^io TeniKO, KaKO cbh H3ry6e c ibhm ce 3aHini;ijyliu 



') IlpocTa cyr.aacHa c-ic-Ba cy My: 6. B, r, a iit.i . a CJlOseHa: 
6 a, tm, hh, ct, hta. C.iojeena Ao.iii oner na „pa3A$AHMa u — 
Kao: aa, hh, pc hta. — h •• nopa:vi'l'..iHMa u — Eao: o.i. Bp, 

MA HTA. 

•2* 



IAPCKA METOAIIKA 9 CPBA 

MHoro BpeMeHa, n KaKO ce .miioiii (He Morytn ce y TOMe n3- 
ni'iiinrni) AP^e »3a HecnocoCme ko H3BM i ieHiio qTema, h co- 
nhiKc !im ce A& (Oi-TiiBc iiHiir'd"', — a sa thm najaB.i.yje cBOje 
CTpaxoBaite, Aa to HHje raaBHn y3poK, uito je y Hac crcaKaA 
Ma,io -ty^u kojii yMejy Aa mii rajy n ,/rro MHorin no3Haio ( i»- 
atAee hucmo, iimns hiimt, cboh ji3hkt>, a 3a A 3i> n By eh 
He muih iui "ihtii." HHTepecaHTHO je , oko caM Co.iapnh Ha- 
.i;i.:n. ^a mii „cpu<iyiiir Kojy peg (no MeroAH KOja rpaffiH Aa 
ce caoBa yne no cbojhm nmeHnMa) „3aBeAeaio vii HMenaMH a3- 
68<ihhiiu H'feKin AHBifi pa3roBop?>, eoh e ca cbhmi> 1 ihjkab 
OHOfl p'ta, n OHOM8, koh Haci c/i8ma , aKO Hie y<rio ce 0Ba- 
kobomh cpnuaHiiu.* Can naK npenopyiyje HacraBHnnnMa , Aa 
npimpeMajy cBoje yqeHHKe 3a cpHnme, ynehn hx pa3JinKO- 
BaTH KaKO CBaKO o/iobo nma CBoje nie h cboj Mac n „Aa y 
cpnnaHiio niie Tora hh bo i ito He BirBHjmace , ho caiio nnrre- 
MHce yawl." /l,ocjieAHu Tone HaBOAu npniiepa paAH (Hapo- 
wro 3a OHe HacraBHHKe kojh He yMejy Aa cpniy peqn y ko- 
jnx je y no^eiKy em y cpeAHHn r.iacHHK quHetn 3a ce caor) 
ABe r rpn pein oko nx Ba.ta cpnnaTH: „OreH/b, MoaBHTi" 
HTA- cpnqy ce OBaKO : „0h1) (npon3Hecn) g>, — tbgpao sctl 
hh epi (npoH3HecH) Tent, cobokhhhg) Oreni)" hta- 

Aa&e Hanjia3HMo npBo Ha caoroBe oa ABa cvioBa , totobo 
OHaKBe hct6 Kao n y noc.aeAH.eM oyKBapy (n totobo y hctom 
6pojy). Oa npaBH^a 3a ynyTCTBo nMaMO OBAe HanoMeHyrn, 
KaKO Co/iapnt npenopyiyje, a» Aena ncnpBa H3roBapajy caoBa, 
a y^HTGA c/ioroBe , n Aa noKa3yjynn Aenn KaKO ce kojh caor 
H3roBapa to noBTOpaBa Aooe oHa caMa He CBHKHy jeAHO n 
Apyro (Kao n y Opifje-anHa). — CaoroBH oa Tpn c/ioBa — 
jeAHor MacHHKa n ABa cyiviacHHKa — rpa^eHH cy OHaKO hcto 
Kao u y oyKBapy oa 1785 roAHHe, caMO nx HMa (totobo ABa 
uyr) Bnme y Ccaapniia aero y neroBa npeTXOAHHKa. (cip. 
28. n 29). Ohh cy qncT nocao CojiapniieB , Kao n ocTa^in 
caoroBn oa T ieTnpn caoBa, h. np. 3Apa, 3Apn, ckbc hta. 
(dp. 30). 



EyKBArCKA METOAHKA i r CPBA 21 

IIIto ce Tn x ie pe i in n Beknx cioroBa , h ohh cy ihct no- 
cao OojiapnlieB , Kao dito ce yonnrre n to npuietaBa , Aa je 
oBaj Bpe^HH KftnajeBHBK MHoro Bnme na3no Aa camrae CTBapn 
Aofyy y cBoje rpyne. HaJBeknx penn y obom 6yKBapy naia oa 
2 — 3 cjiora, h. np. dpa-3Aa> Bpe-MeHt hta. a3-6»-Ka, 
6e-cB-Aa, Ba-pn-Bo hta. (cip. 31). 

Ka-A Aena oinoray cacTaB^ara H3 caoroBa pein npu.iu- 
kom ; ,cpnuaH>a", Co^apib npenopynyje yqHie.-iHMa totobo CBe 
oho niTO n Op^e^HH. — 3a wraite nponncyje y cbom 6y- 
KBapy (b. H.eroB oyKBap CTp. 34 — 40.) HeKOJinKO npaBHM, 
y KojnMa onpeAe.Lyje ncnpBa nrra je iBTaae , nrra je peie- 
Hirna, kojh cy 3Hau,H HHTepnyHKunje n panna ce ynoiped.i.a- 
Bajy, a 3a thh : y ^ieaiy ce cacroJH Aotfpo wraae , KaKO Tpeua 
r.iacoM yAemaBaTH npena pas.inraoj caApffinHJi y kojoj ce nc- 
Ka3yje „Bece.iocT, .tyuaB, aa^eite, crpax" hta. IIIto ce 
Time „cpeACTaBa* Kojnia ce Ao^ia3ii ao „caBpmeHCTBa y nn- 
Taity", Co^apnk Hanominte: Aa ce iiap^HBO wra, Aa c/iy- 
maio oHe kojh roBope npaBiijmo n Aa ce Ha h»hxobo imme 
HaBHKaBaMO , a^ c naaiitOM aajnpe npo i mTano oho ihto KeMO 
;7 jaBHo" Aa wraio n Aa na3nmo „Ha cmhc/li nncaTe.ia." Haj- 
noc/ie npenopyiiyje , Aa Aena cpaiy CBoje npBe saAame no 
jeAaH nyT, a „auo TpeoV' n no ABa nyT, aokaq ce Ae're 
He H3Beat6a Aa 6e3 ,,cpHnaH>a o^naia cioroBe oepe" n „pe- 
neHifl eAHo 3a AptfTHMi)" wra. nociie jom HeKO-iHKo 0Ae.i>aKa 
H3 6yKBapa Tpaata , Aa ce Aeua ynosHajy n c op3onncHOM 6y- 
kbhhom h Aft hm ce 3aAajy nponncn „no npaBu.i(OMT> KpacHO- 
nncama" n Aa HacTaBHHK c yiieBnuniia pas-iHKyje .xiaBeno- 
cepdcirifi" je.3HK oa Haraer HapoAHor roBopa. 1 ) 



') IIoc.ic pa3HOBpcuor MaTepujaaa Hauefteiior 3a 'in ran.e n noe.ie 
hokhx Kpaciioimcuiix npaiuua Hsaaate ('o.iapiih n pycEy" SyxBuny 
(dp. 105 — 108) ii r.iaro.ummy .,a:i(')yi;y c.iaBeiio-ii.iiipiiMerKHH" 
(CTp. 1 16—128). 



22 ByKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 



HMaaio a» pasivieAaMo jeAaH 6yKBap, kojh je 1824 roA. 
uiTaianaH y Mockbh no a Hac/ioBOM: „Haiia^Hoe oyqeHie ne- 

•flOB'l'.KOM'L, XOTflHITHM*I> ynHTHCJI KHHTT. tfoflieCTBeH- 

Harco nucaHitf" c AOAannMa : „Bo hmji oma, n ci>ina, h 
CBinarw /i»xa, rmmhii" h: „Boace bt> noMonrn. moio 
bohmh, h Bpa3«MH Mil bo o y *i e h i e cie", h kojh je 1847 
n 1861 roA. npenrraMnaBaH y BeorpaAy c AOAaTKOM. HanpeA: 
„B«KBap'L" („oh HaiaH^Hoe oy i ieHie" hta). HoBora y Me- 
toah He tieuo y obom 6yKBapy Hahn, BeK caio Apyrn HeKH 
MaTepHJayi oApefyeH 3a cpnnatt>e h iHime. IIpBo je n3JiosKeHa 
UpKBeHO-cjioBeHCKa 6yKBHua y 06 Amy ua^nx (45 Ha CJpojy) 
niTaMnahHx e^oBa , lel^y Koja cy HOMemaHa n ABa A oo 
BeyiHKa c/ioBa, a 3a thm rpat>aHCEa tiyKBHua y otfjinKy Be- 
./ihkhx h MajiHx (no 38 Ha opojy) c./ioBa , (mefyy KojnMa ce 
Havia3H h: Ss, 3d, 3(3, l|f|, 0^ h Vv). 

CaoroBH cacraB^eHH 03 ABa c/ioBa npaB.teHH cy no ao- 
caAaH>eM Ha*iHHy, 00 ihto cmo ra ynpaBO npBO BHAeJiH y 6y- 
KBapy oa 1717 roA., t. j. npBO ce y3Me jeAaH miacHHK, na 
ce cuaja ca cBHMa cyr.aacHnn.HMa peAOM no 6yKBHii,n TaKO Aa 
MacHHK ctojh Ha ApyroM a cyMacHHK Ha npBOM Meciy, h. np. 
6ro, bio, rro, aio, jkio, 310, kk>, ajq, mk», hk>, nro, pro, 
ck> ? tk», (|)K), xro, d;k), mo, mro, hitio hta. c ociajiHM Mac- 
HH0HMa, na ich c b (h. np. 6t>, bt>, rx, at> hta. pe- 
AOM ao hitx n 6 b, bl, tl, At hta. cne peAOM ao Kpaja) 
H3y3HMajyliH cyiviacHHKe : ♦, % n % , kojh ce Ha npomB Ha- 
Jia3e y npBOM HaraeM dyKBapy (oa 1717 toa-)- (OBaKBnx cao- 
roBa nsia Ha ApyroM Mecry ynpaBO 220, t. j. no 20 oa CBREor 
(oa 9) oacHHKa n oa t> h oa b cnajaHHX c 20 cyiviacHHKa). 

Kao hito cmo y npBOM dyKBapy (oa 1717 roA-) Ha-nun 
cioroBa oa ipn caoBa: ABa cyiviacHHKa n oa jeAnor iviac- 
HHKa , cnajaHHX TaKO , Aa JeAaH cyr./iacHHK HenpoMeibeHO ctojh 
y cpeAHHH h Aa ce CBaKH caor c MacHHKOM kojhm cBpmaBa, 



iiyKBAPCKA METOAUKA Y CPBA 23 



y, T T 



TRKO HCTO Ha TO Hanyia3HMO H y OBOM MOCKOBCKOM 0} r KBapy, H 

to — niTO Hapo^HTO na^a y oqn — ca cyr^iacHHKOM p y 
cpe^nHH Kao h y npBOM dyKBapy. JeAHHa je pa3.iHKa caMO y 
TOie: mi'0 ce y dyKBapy oa 1717 roA- 3aApffiaBa npBH cy- 
macHHK AOH^e , aok ce He H3pel>ajy (Ha Kpajy) cbh rviacHnnn 
(Kao h. np: dpa, dpe, dpn, dpo, dp«, dpT>), a y mo- 
ckobckom dyKBapy oa OBor BeKa MeH>a ce camo npBH cyiviac- 
hhk, AOKJie ce cbh cyMacHHHH He H3pet)ajy (h. np. dpa, Bpa r 
rpa, Apa> atpa, 3pa... a\)r... Hpa... ppa hta. 20 TaK- 
bhx cjioroBa). Ha OBaj HaqnH niaa Ha x iHH>eHnx yupaBo 220 
decinc/ienax caoroBa , kojh cy rpafyeHH no jeAHOM Kaayny — 
cBe 3a .'tydaB HenoJM^bHBe cncreMaTHiHocTH — He od3npyhn 
ce , mTo hhth HMajy KaKBa cMncaa , hhth ce y je3HKy Kojeai 
qyjy (Kao h. np. ppa, ppe, ppn, ppo, pp«, ppi>, ppa, 
ppL, ppfc, ppio, ppa hta). 

H Taso n,eo Aeo dyoapcKH cacrojn ce caMO H3 dyKBnue 
(ABa nyr H3^oateHe) h H3 440 Hepa3yM.LHBnx c/ioroBa. — 
Aa.te Ao^ia3e jom jeAHOM cBa cioBa peAOM c HcnncaHHM cbo- 
jhm HiaeHHMa (Kao: a3b, a, 6«kh, 6 hta.) n cKpateHe pe x in 
Koje ce Haja3e BehHHOM no npKBeHCKHM K^iiraiia. 

y ocTa^HM H3AaitHMa OBor dyKBapa H3MeHe cy Bpjio He- 
3HaTHe. y H3AaH>y oa 1847 roAHHe HanpeA je H3^oaieHa 6y- 
KBHHa Be^HKHX (44) caoBa, h hchoa H>e h astfyisa aia/inx 
caoBa. GaoroBH oa ABa caoBa ocrajin cy cbh ohh hcth, a 
cioroBn oa Tpn caoBa yamoateHH cy jom hobhm (h3 dyKBapa 
oa 1755 roA- peAOM npenncaHHai) caoroBHMa. (CBera hx naia 
269 caoroBa, 220 CTapnx a 49 npnAOAarax H3 dyoapa oa 
1785 roA-) y npBOM H3AaH»y HHJe 6mo caoroBa hm ynpaBo 
pe x m oa neT, niecr h Bnme caoBa, a y ApyroM ce nsaaiby 
Ha.aa3e y npn.an i Moj koahmhhh (Ha wraBOM jeAHOM mct)*), 
ho hh jeAua pe i i totobo HHJe HOBa , Beh CBe cy npenucaHe H3 
uyKBapa oa 1785 toa- , caMO cy HeniTO na.ao Apy^nje pac- 
nope^eHe. Ochm Tora Apyra je no.aa dyKBapa H3Hin.aa mhon> 
Kpaha y ApyroM H3AaH.y. — Tpene (oa 1861 roA-) H3Aan>e 



24 lAPCKA METOAHKA 5 i 

ca cbhm je OHaKO Kao n Apyro, Etoje ce — Kao uito BiiAe- 
cmo caMO y mbojkhhh cioroBa a pe^a oa npBor pas^HKyje. 

I J'.niKa je (Mii'iHurr ii3Mel)y oBor tiyEBapa oa 1824 r. u 
H>eroBux AOUBBJux ii3Aaii.il ii OHor oa 1717 r. kojh cmo y::e.ia 
3a npBo a^io y Hamoj uynuapcKoj maateBaocTa. To aaji Aaje 
AOcra noBOAa a& mhc/ihmo , Aa je n Kaapajaa Pauaaaa yivie- 
Aao ce mi Pyce eacTaBjBajytH cboj 6yKBapcKH Aeo. LQto ce 
y AounujiiM B3Aan.ima nayiasn Bume MaTepnjajia , Taj je — 
Kao iuto buaumo — ysHMai B3 dyAHMCKor 6yKBapa , koju je 
dno ii y Cpdiijn HajpacapocTpaB>eBnja h OBAa EaJBnme ao3aa'f. 

H join jeAHOH B./111 yapaBO ABa ayr cycpexaMO ce c obum 
mockobckbm (JyKBapoM acTaaa y cacBnai ApyroM (cno.LaameM) 
odMKy. To je „Cp6cKH tfyoap'b, paAB y T ieaji M^a- 
Aeata rpaiKAaacKOMy m npKOBBoaiy i iBTaaK)", mTaanaH 
y Hobom Ca ay toa. 1856 (oa 52 cTpaae Ba cpeAH>oj ocmbbb). 
Obo je oner aoaoByLeao nsAaae (JVKBapa , kojb je boa bctbm 
HacaoBOM iBTaMBaB toa. 1836 aa I^eTBity; ca.no cy — Kao 

BITO BBABMO B3 jeAHe BpBMeA^e Ba BaC/lOBBOM ylBCT} 7 (eK30M- 

n^apa kojb ce Hajia3H y HapoABOJ dad-flajoTeaa y BeorpaAy) 
BeimjoM pyKOM Bpn6e./ieiKeBe — „BeKe Ma/ie b ae3aaTEe npo- 
aieae", yqaa>eBe y AoaflajeM BOBO-caACKOM B3Aaa,y oa 1856 r. 
HIto OBaj 6yKBap ap^hmo 3a auaaB.i>aEa B3Aaa>a MOCKOBCKor 
dyKBapa, aa to Ban Aaje npaBa H.eroBa npBa (acTaaa Bpyio 
Ma./ieBa) ao./ia , Koja je ca cbbm EeapoMeaeBa ocTa^a , a bito 
ra OABajaio OBaKO oa B3Aaa>a oa 1S47. n 1861. toa- to je 
36or aeroBe Apyre (amore Bete) aojie. Kojy je Apyrn nncan. 
c Apyrnx CTpaaa Mopao BpHKynHTH. 

PeKocMo , Aa je y BpBoj bo./ie ocTaao y obom B3Aaa>y (oa 
1856 r.) cacBHM no cTapoie. HIto je apoiefteBO , to je casio 
CBO.'taniitn o(mbk ciOBa. MecTO ppKBeao-caoBeacKe dyEBHne 
Aoniyia je — npeMa bobom HacaoBy — cpncKa dyKBaaa e 
OBa je B3JioaieBa aa BpBoj cTpaaa y o(MBKy Be.aaEax cjiOBa 
sa thm aa Apyroj CTpaaa y o6.aaKy MaMX caoBa, (cBe ao 
36 aa dpojy . Me^y KOJBMa aesia; s. 8, w, qj, fi, w, is, 



BYKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 25 

s, '4*, <*, v). IQto ce Time cioroBa (oa ABa n xpD c/ioBa). 
osa cy totobo HenpoMeiteHH ocTaan. rpa^eaa cy hcthm pe- 
Aom , caMo bh je 6poj yBekaB yc./ieA hobiix cpacKax c/ioBa: 
2> , K n y,. 

Apyra no^ia cacBnm je HOBa. y a>oj cy pa3Be .,B36paBe" 
H3peKe Mopa.iBe caApsaae n pa3HOBpcHe npiree , 6acae n 
atflBOTonncn BeKnx jiaqaocTB B3 cpncKe acropaje. 

CiOBeHCKa je bom nno ce Taqe MaTepnjaaa oApefye- 
Bor 3a MHTaite — ncTOBeisa Kao n y BpBOM mockobckom B3- 
Aaity, cajio je MBoro Kpata, (jep je B30CTaB.Lea „coKpa- 
mTeHHHlf KaTaxacicL", kojb 3ay3naia ayaax 9 .incTOBa 
y npBOM n3AaH»y). 

6. 

H3 OBO.iuKor ce nperje^a bbab , KaKo AOBAe ynpaBO Hnje 
6mo BBKaKO aacTora (tyKBapa 3a cpncKy Aeuy. Haina cy ce 
Aeaa (Bapowro y Cp6aja) yaa./ia BenpecTaao n3 oaor (JyuBapa 
oa 1785 roA., kojb je — 36or cbojhx aobbbjbx B3AaH>a — 
B03BaT boa BMeaoM „6yABMCKa dyKBap." H3 H.era cy ce 
yqE/ia Aeaa CBe ao 1838 roA- (n.in ynpaBO ao 1844 roA-) 
KaA je y Cpdaja H3aaiao BpBH 6yKBap 3a cpacae araojie. Ho 
MHoro paanje — jom roA- 1827 — B3BeojeByK OTe$aH. 
Kapaaah CBOJ „Or^eA cpncKora (Jyoapa" y cbojoj 
„/l,aBBa,B" („3a6aBBBKy" oa ncie roAaae) , n3 Koje je 11 y 
oco6btoj KftnatHBH OAimaMnaB. ByK Bnje Hanncao aoTaya 
(JyKBap; to n ob cam ae Be^a; ocaia Tora ao aeroBOM 6y- 
KBapcKOM „oivieAy" bbko aflje aoKymao Aa BaquBa bothvh 
dyKBap c MeTOAom raacaaa , Kojy oa npenopyiyje ; a.ia nopeA 
cBera r rora oBaj je „Or./ieA" Bj'kob BHaiajaH c uaoro cTpaHa. 
Ma ae (Jhcmo csie^a ounhu ByKa paA c&Me BOTayaocni hcto- 
pajcKor aper^ieAa aame (JyKBapcice JieTOABKe, a joai i.;ia 
y3iaeM0 aa yai , a<i je ByK, apBa (mojkc 6btb) orjieAao ,\u 
yqaaa aeKe Baatae n3ieBe y CHHT6TBraK0J m6toah, ao aojoj 
je a ob cBoj v Or.ieA" (JyRBapcKH paAno, to aa cbjikii na- 



26 IiVKBAl'CKA METOAHKA i' CPBA 

bbb AyatHOCT hrm je , Aa ce inTO 6oJbG yno3Hano c tbm np- 
BeH'ieTOM BBcrora cpncicor je3HKa. 

H AocaAaH)H bbcbb yBatjayia cy a Baraga , Aa una Tem- 
Koha Koje AW caiehy, 're He aayne y biko^h nwrum Kao bito 
6e 'rpedayio; bo bb jeAaa ao ByKa anje aoroAao ynpaBO, 
Koje cy to TeiBKoKe h itoje Ca bo Tome ibto ape Ba.La^o oa- 

KJIOBBTB KO^HKO Ce M03K6. ByK. je y CHBTeTHBKOJ MCTOAB Ha- 

raoj BpBB BpoBaraao BpaBH y3poE, kojh oTemaBa Aena yieite 
qffraaa h 3aAaje hm ca^ae MyKe Koje Mopajy KaKo my Aparo 
Aa caByiaAajy, Aa 6a nocae ToyiHKor BpeMeaa ko^ihko tomko 
BayMH^a xeBBO BBTaTB. /I,a 6bcmo ce o TOMe yBepayia , aa- 
BeiBhy H3 B>eroBor npe^roBopa k „OivieAy cpBCKora (JyKBapa* 
(oa toa. 1827) Beico^HKa Mecra. Pa3JiamyhB, KaKo je oaaj 

„KOJB je BpBH BBC MO B3MBC/1BO" £)BO TOTOBO „BBBie Bor, 

Bero qoBeK", h KaKo cy y Cptfa peiKB AyAB kojh 3BaAy 
BBTaTH BBHcaTH, h „aKocyjom ape xB.taAy roAHBa ca 3a- 
kobom pamtiaBCKHM npBMHJiH Taj Aap Bojkbj", ByK HacTaB&a 
OBaKo: „HTro Cp6n join c/ia6o bobbr^ Kaary yBBTB, a 
bito je jom cBa cpaco mara y BBTafl>y nao/iOBna h aca.i- 
THpa , TOMe je kpbbo MJioro KOJemTa ; ajro bjto mAom yqa 
ao ABaje a no Tpa roAaae BBTai'a, aa oaeT He Moace Aa 
Bayqa, Hero ocraae cbp3hcjiobo, TOMe cy caMO KpaBH 6y- 
KBapa a ywre-ftB. a H TaKO bbabmo, KaKo ByK ycTaje (apBa) 
apoTHBy caMax obbx kojb aamy tfyKBape a apoTHBy H>axoBe 
3a.K0pe.1e cacTeMe. Ob Be^a OAMax Aa.^e: „CBaKB npaBa a 
aaMeTBa poAO-fcytfan, Mopa ateyiBTB, Aa ce a y aac 6yKBapa 
Baqaae a mKO^e ypeAe BpeMa AaaamB>eM Bajeity; a oaaKe 
poAo^yBBe, kojb — „HMajyha peBBocT, ao ae ao pa3yMy" 
— Baqy, Aa ce aaniTa ae aoapaB.i,a, oaaKe, Be.iBM, Ba.ta 
ca^a^aBaTB, a mo^ibtb ce Bory, Aa 6a ja oaaMeTao a aa npaBH 
ayT B3Beo. To je BaJBeka pa3JiBKa B3Metjy BOBeKa aaMeTBa, 
a B3Mel)y apocraKa, bito BaMeTaa BOBeK jeAHaKO slqae a 
TpyAa ce, Aa bito 6o&e aayqa eaw B3MBC.1B, a Aa oa 6yAe 
aaMeTBBJa oa cBojaje CTapa, a H>eroBa fyena oa H>era; apo- 



liYKBAPCKA 3IET0AIIKA i* Cl'BA 27 

CTas naK cBe je paA, Aa ocraae, Kao eito cy My n crapn 
6em , a H>eroBa fyena , Kao n oh idto je. KaKaB 6n jaAaH n 
ata^odaH poA -fryUKH n OBaj cBHJei 6ho, Aa cy cbu .i.vah 
-ocTajajui OHaKH, Kao hito cy h h>hobh CTapH 6n.in! Bor je 
casio 6e3yMHHM xnBOTHH>aMa ycyAno , Aa ociajy ao BnjeKa, 
Kao niTO cy hm h cTapn 6hah ; a MOBeo je oApeAHO , Aa ce 
jeAHaKO ynn, h CBe Hapannaj oa Hapanrraja naMernnJH Aa 
nodaje. IIIto ce rot> .tyAH no oboj HapeA^n Boaijoj Behaa 
TpyAe h HanpeAyjy , to CBe cpehHnjn h cflaBHuJH nociajy , a 
eito ce w\) BetiMa .flnjeHe, n 3aApataBajy, to Ha.in^Hiijn Ha 
3BepnH>e ocTajy. TaKO cy npeA Hajia H3Maon EHiviesn n 
^paHHysn , h Mjiorn Apyrn HapoAH eBponejcKH ; TaKO cy H3a 
Hac 3aocTajiH M-aora AHB.Bann no A^pnnn u no Aiiepnun, 
kojh n AaHac ffiHBe tojih no niyMaaia n jeAy AyHKO Meco 
cnpoBo." H3 OBor ByKOBor npo'recTa npoTHBy ohhx younne, 
kojh „Bnny Aa ce Hnmia He noupaB&a", MopaMO H3Becru 
Aa Hnje 6hjio JiaKo ycrajaTH c kojom H3MeHOM Ma y lesiy, na 
h y je3HKy n y nncMy HapoAHOM. 

/J,a My ce He 611 npedaHH^o bito cnoMHH,e EHivie3e n <DpaH- 
Hy3e, kojh cy „Apyror 3aKOHa h n^ieMeHa", oh Be^in: „ — 
— — eBo Pyca , kojh cy c BaMa jeAHora 3aKOHa n n^ieneHa. 
Ohh cy npnje cto roAHHa, oko cy h>hxob je3HK h hhcmo oa- 
bojhm oa npKBeHora je3HKa h nncMa, no3Ha.au, Aa cy HMeHa 
cjiosa Hamiix TeniKa n npeTemKa 3a ynefte iHTaTH; 3a 
to cy ohh join OHAa no h>hxobhm raKO-naiia MecTO a3, (jykii. 
BJeAH, r./iaro.B hta- no i ie^n ywrn: a, 6e, Be, re, &e, 
ate, 3e, i, Ka, e.a, cm, eH, g>, ne, ep, ec, me. * ■ » I » . xe, 
re." Osaj uamm Hasiiimii.a c/ioBa ap^h ByK ,\<\ je „cto iiyt;i 
aslktor", Aa 6n ce no H>eMy Hayqjrjio mhtjith , ua ca cbhm ymo- 
cho npiiMehyje fr&Jbe: „a,AU hh obo jom mijecy upaBa UMena (?) 
noyiyMacHHx caoBa , jep h. up. 6 He Moaie ce uirnmi 6e, AOK 
ce He mothc npoAan.ra e, HeroB je npaBn Mac ui.. Tjiko 
yHHTe.B kojh je paA Kora HajaaKme a«t nayiii Minarii , M.i.a 
An My He Kasyje HHKano iiMeHa c&OBa, Hero caMO &HXOBe 



28 BFEBAPCKA MKTOAIIKA V Cl'IiA 

l.i a <o no, Koje iiaiajy y qHTaay; na OHAa Hesia cpnuaaa, 
Hero Kaito ce no3HaAy c/ioBa, oAMax ce Moate 'iirraTH/ - „TaKO 

— Be^n ByK — Moaie i iobck .aacHo 3a Aecei' AaHa na- 
yurni MiiTcirii !" na AOAaje Aa je to oivieAao ua HeKHM Me- 
dina. Oboh ;; HOBa i ieity" Hircy 6eae pa^H nncnn crapnx 6y- 
KBapa, 3a to cy ce noAcaieBa./iH ByKy n ohh h Apyrn „kojh 
cy no ci'apoM odnnajy HayiiMH qnTaTH" ; ho ByK je ocrao 
npn cbom, na 3a to h Be^n: „ho KO^HKa je Moja pa^ocT 
dnyia, iua can nponiaBme (1826) roAHHe y Aae (Halle), 
y OHAamftOJ caaBHOJ h Ha A^eKO qyBeHoj cnpoTHftCKOJ Kyhn, 
Bnl)eo , Aa n^aAe l^ene TaKo yqe iHTaTH." — 

y H>eroBoj dyKBHUH H3pefyaHa cy caoBa obhm peAOM : 

a e h o y 

p c m 3 5K u, m u 

t h A h -i a k r 

B (J) d n M H H> j. 

H3a obhx 29 nncuiefla (siefyy KojnMa — Kao ihto bhahmo 

— HeMa x) AO^ase cjioroBii oa ABa c/ioBa cacTaB/LeHor npBO H3 
ABa MacHHKa , Apyro 13 jeAHor iviacHHKa n jeAHor cyMacHHKa 
n Hajnoc/ie H3 jeAHor cyMacHHKa n jeAHor MacHHKa , h. np: 
(1) ae, ao; (2) oc, om, oa, oh, oh, oj, nc, n3, nra, hm, 
yA, ya, ym, yd, ysi, aj, ej; (3) ca, ce, en, co, cy, Ba, 
Be, bh, bo, Aa, Ae, ah, ao, Ta, Te, th, to, Ty, ra, ro, 
%&, Ije hta. join TaKBnx 6j\my 30 caoroBa). 

GaoroBa oa Apyre pyKe Hena Bnnie y Byo. Oh OAMax 

— Bp^o naieTHo — npe.aa3H Ha nnTaBe peqn, n to npBO 
Ha pe i m cacraB^eHe H3 ABa caora n qeTnpn caoBa , h. np. 
da-da, de-da, do-da, dy-da, da-pa, Bo-Aa, ro-pa, AJ'- 
ma, 3H-Ma, ate-Ha, ja-je, jo-Ba, jy-He, je-.ao, Ky-La 
hta. (d.an3y 50 TaKBnx odnimnx n Aenn ca cbhm no3HaTnx 
penn). Etea obhx A0.aa3n HeKcanKO penn one r r oa ABa caora, 
ho oa Tpn caoBa , oa kojhx npBO Kao rviacMK qnHH caor 3a 
ce, h. np. a-Ko, a-aio, e-Bo, e-Ho, e-To, n-Ba, n-3a hta- 

— 3a thm Ao^ia3e jeAHOcaoatHe pein oa Tpn caoBa, oa ko- 



BVKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA 29 

jnx cy ABa cyiviacmmn (jeAaH y noyeTKy. Apyrn Ha B P a J5 r ) 
a ipehn macHEK (y cpeADHn) , h. np. daH. 6a p, de3, dnp, 
dod, dor, dop. doc, dyA, sac, BeK, bha, Bnp. bhc, 
B03, bye, raj, roj eta- (npeKO 90 pe*m oa r re Bprre). — 
3a obhm jeAHOc/iOiKHHM peMiiaia Ao^a3e oneT ABOcaoaiHe pe<m, 
ho oa neT n inecT cioBa. (IHto ce Time caoroBa y thm pe- 
yraa , ohh cy cacTaB^eHii n.m H3 jeAHor cyraacHHKa n jeA- 
Hor MacHHKa ear H3 ABa cyiviacHHKa n jeAHor raacHHKa, KOMe 
je Mecxo y cpeAHHH c/iorca , — Kao n y ropanm jeAHOcaoas- 
hhm pe i iiMa). Kao nrro je lel^y ropitHM pe i iHHa 6eao pa3- 
.an^HHX , totobo oa cBaKe Bpcxe roBopa , TaKO nx hcto nua 
h OBAe, h. np. da-peai, bh-cok, ro-JieM, Aa-naK, tja-nnn, 
ja-AaH, je-AaH. jy-roB, KO-can dta- n.in : dyai-dap.... 
KyT-H>aK BTA- (npeno 30 pe^n). 

TpocaoaiHe (h HemTO wdj\o TOTBopocfloatHe) pe i m . Eoje 
OAMax 3a OBBMa a.oa&3G , dnpaxe cy TaKofye c odsnpou . Aa 
He Aolje y anaia hh jeAaH c/ior Apyrawjn Hero ihto je ao- 
tag "AO^ia3HO, h. np. do-co-Hor. Be-ce-^aK, AO-ro-Bop, 
am-BO-TaH, jKH-BO-'rn-H,a, ja-3a-Ban hta. 

OAaT.ie HacTajy pe i in c Apyraynjni c.ioroBHMa. Oae cy oa 
lernpH , neT n uiecr caoBa , oa ABa uau oa jeAHor c.iora 11 
H3 pasHHX BpcTa roBopa. CBaKa ce pei nouHibe c ABa cyr.iar- 
HHKa, oa kojhx je Apyrn HenpoieH/MiB , h. np. dpa-Ha, Bpa- 
Ha, rpa-Ha, rpa-fya, Apa-ro, spa-Ka, Kpa-Ba, mpaB.... 
npaB-Aa, cpan,... rpe-Aa, rpn-Ba iita- (50 pein). Mefyy 
obhm pemoia caio ce Tpn Ha./ia3e oa 'rpn c^iora: Ape-iMi-na... 
Bpn-je-JKa,... Kpo-nn-Tii. 

OcodiiTii oAe.LaK qHHe pe i iu dupa-re 11a hcth na<iiin c tom 
cajio pasjiHKOM, nrro oa ABa cyiyiacmiKa . KOJHMa ce pei oa- 
noMHH>e hm jeAaH Hnje HenpoMeH.i.nn 11 nrro ohh He AOM86 
yBeit y noneTKy penn Beh HHa i ie y homcti.v caora . 11. up. 6 au- 
to, BJia-ra, Bjia-Aa,... 1.1 a ,i . r.i. n-na .... K/iac. M.ia.i,.-'- 
ca-d.ta, se-M.i.a .... r.ie-Aaj.... n.M'-na n-i;a . «',ic-',i;ii .... 



3() ByKBAI'CKA MKTOAHKA Y tPEA 

nep-ja-HH-ija,... cjaj-HO,... o-py-asje, no-Ay-mje,... o- 

M3a oBaKBHX pe i m Ao./ia3e Apyre, y kojhx cy c/ioroBH 
cac/riiB.i.eHH H3 Biime cyiviacHHKa. MHore ce Mefyy mma, oa- 
noinity c rpn (h c ABa) cyMacHno n eaJMaite cy oa jeAHor 
a HJJJBunie oa tph c/iora. H. np : CBa, cBe, cbh, cBaK,... 
CB^a- i in-TH, cBpa-Ka,.. cKpa-cn-TH, — CKpo6,... CMJia- 
qa-TH, ciapaA, ciipe-Ka,... cn.iaB, cn^e-crn, cnpa-Ba 
hta. (npeKO 110 penn). 

OBaj oAe^aK penn HametteHnx 3a ^mme no cioroBnia 
3aBpmyje ce ApyroM BpcroM pa3HHx pe^n, y kojhx Mac p 
i ihhh caor 3a ce. Penn cy oa jeAHor , ABa h ipn c/iora h 
oa 'rpn ao ocaM c./ioBa, h. np. 6p-6.ia, 6pB-HO, 6p-r.ia, 
6p-Ao, 6p3,... Bp-CTa, Bp-mHA-^a,... Ap-Hy-TH-ce hta. 

Btea HeKOjinKO noc^OBnna HaMeiteHHX 3a HHTaite Kao hh- 
TaBe pe^eHnne , y KojnMa penn Hncy A0-*>0He Ha c/ioroBe h 
y KojnMa ce HnrAe (na he y noneTKy) He Ha/ia3H Be^HKo 
c/iobo, AOiia3H 6yKBHD,a BeMKnx (h hchoa h>hx Ma.iHx) cioBa 
AaHam^HM yodHnajeHHM peAOM (6e3 ciOBa: n). 

„C/iOBeHCKa Hyin hnpn^oBa" c./iOBa Koja cy y Hanraai n.p- 
KBeHHM KH>nrasia , H3JioaieHa cy CBa peAOM 3ajeAHO c HOTnyHHM 
cbojhm HMeHHia , h CTaB.teHo je HeKOJiHKO npaBH^a o c/ioBHia: 
e , i , a , t>, h, i , io , a , x , v h e. 3a thm Ao^a3e MHore 
CKpateHe pe x in npKBeHo-c/iOBeHCKe c HeKHM MOyiHTBaaia , c pas- 
hhm 6poJHHM 3HannMa h c (Ma^ioM) TaCunnoM amoateita. To je 
caB MaTepnjaji ByKOBor noKymaja. 

7. 

ToAHHe 1838 (oa npH.iHKe y Jy^iy meceny — cyAetn no 
jeAHOM 3BaHH i moM amy, kojh ce Ha./ia3H y KaHne^apHJn mhhh- 
crapcTBa npocBeie y BeorpaAy) H3HHiao je H3 cpncKe „KH>nro- 
nename" 6yKBap IUHropnja /l. 3opnna, no cboj npn./iHH,H 
npBH kojh je DiTaMnaH y Cp6nJH. HacaoB My je: „Ma./iHfi 
y mine Ah hah cpdcsin (Jyoapi), caAP^aBaiohin y 



BYKBAPCKA METOAHKA - v CrBA 31 

ce6n npaBH^ia nepKOBHort h rpa^AaHCKor-B ^H-raHa, 
Hy^AHe MO^HTBe, h MHore nojie3He npeAMeie 3a 
cpdcKy A^ny-" 

ByKBMU,a je EZAomEa npBO y o6aekj Ma.iHX h b6^hkhx 
(fflTamnaHnx) caoBa , 6e3 HieHa h>hxobhx , ho c o6e./iea;eHiiM 
OBaKBDM iviacoBHMa: a, 6e, Be. e hta. (Kao nrro Bj t k Ha- 
noMnn,e Aa je y Pyca. 1 ) Y 6) t kbhhh HMa 37 caoBa, iie^y 
KOJHMa bhahmo h czlobo Td (noiHTO je ByK AOMe o TOMe C/lOBy 
Beti npecyAHy pen H3peoo) h Meljy EOJHma Han./ia3HMO OBa 
ABa cxapa c/ioBa : ijj h -e-. 2 ) — 3a thm je H3^oateHa n 6y- 

KBHD,a £>p30HHCHHX (BeJlHKHX H MaJlHX) C/lOBa. 

Kao n y AOcaAaifcHi dyKBapiiaia, TaKO h y obom, npaBe 
ce cioroBH cBe no jeAHOM Kaayny ; npBO oa jeAHor cyiviacnHKa 
n jeAHor MacHHKa (h. np. 3a, 3e, 3H, 3i, 30, 3y, 3ti. s% 
3», 3a hta- eae\ aft, eii , oh, ifl hta). a 3a thm oa TpH 
caoBa h. np. 6afl, defl, 608, hta. eae\ up a, Kpe. Kpn, 
Kpo, Kpy, Kpt hta. — IIIto ce Tiree hoctvdhocth y 6h- 
paH>y pe^ra , Ta ce cacTojn y Tone , bito cy ncnpBa v3HMaTe 
pe^H oa ABa iviacHHKa n 4 — 5 cyoacnnKa (npeKO 60 ca- 
mhx HMeHHija) , 3a thm pe*iH oa TpH h qenipn ciora h Apyre 
pe^iH oa jeAHor h BHme caoroBa, Koje ce cBpmyjy Ha aHB, 
hal, eyiB, ohb, hta, a Hajnoc/ie h TaKBe pe*iH soje miajy 
y nowrisy BennHOM no ABa cyiviacHHEa , n to noHaJBHiue naie- 
HHne. Hiaa jom h npnAeBa kojh ce CBpmyjy c in. ii.m bin 
oa ABa h Tpn caora h HeKo^HKO npnAeBa y npBom cTyini.y 
nopel)eif»a , HaBeAeHHX Hapo^HTO paA Aewjer BeiKCnuta y H3- 
roBapai^y noc^eA^HX iviacHHKa. Ochm HiaeHnna , n saMeHHija 
HaBeAeHHX c HeKHM npeA^03HMa h y pa3HHM poAOBiraa HMa n 
HeKo./iHKo iviaro./ia y npBOM h ApyroM .uiny nuan.er BpesieHa. 



*) -Jopuli je 113 Pyciije Aomao y CpCujy 3a ynpaBHTe&a mi;iua. 
2 ) C^obo v H36amio je 3oput, yr.ieAaB ce na pycKy aRaAeirajy 
HayKa, Kao uito ce bhah H3 jeAHor aeroBor HHCMa oa 1. CeiiT. 

1838 r., y komc je A^Bao cbojc npinuufu' na ..npiiMl'.'iJiiiir- 
jeAue KOMiiciije, itoja je H,eron SyEBap aperaeAaaa. 



32 ByKBAPCKA MBTOAHKA y CPBA 

Can OBaj MiiTt'inijii.i eaMeiteH (no cboj iipii.inu.ii) 3a cpuuaii.e. 
CBpmaBa ce c hokum iiMennnasia u iipiueinnia oa 5, 6 11 7 
caoroBa. OBe cy pe<m ncnpBJi eaBofyeHe 3a ce , a AOiJHHJe y 
cBean npHAeB c inieunuoji , -- no cboj iipji.uimi paa 'iirran.a 
(a He sapaA cpimaita , Koje je AOTJie Tpaja/io). 

U,pKBeHo-cyioBeHCK;i 6yKBnna H3^0ffieHa je c noinyHUM naie- 
HHiia I'.ioBii. CaB MaTepija.fi y nojeAUHHM caoroBHMa 11 pe^HMa 
Kao 4a je ysiuiaT n3 AOcaAa&HX 6yKBapa , (camo bito je 
MHoro KpaNn ao oAe.BKa y un'raBHM peqemmnjia OApe^eHor 
3a mrrafte). 

8. 

HerAaraan „AHpeKTop cBnjy inKo.ia" y CpCnjn, Heiap 
PaAOBaHOBHh, HspaAHo je — no cbojoj 3BaHnuHoj Ayatno- 
cth — roA- 1837 6yKBap, kojh cy nper.ieAa.flH npotpecopn 
„KH»aaEecKO-cp6cKe nmHasie" n kojh je tqk Apyre roAHHe 
— hu ue3 iteroBa nueHa — niTamnaH sdor Tora hito ao 
Tor BpesieHa — Kao iuto ce BeJin y jeAHOM 3BaHHnHOM aKTy 
y cpncKoj mTaMnapHJH y BeorpaAy Hnje 6eao „ pyKonncHnx " 
cfiOBa. 

ByKBHna je H3AoateHa y o6./iHKy ia./inx h Be./iHKnx caoBa 
n to npBo uiTaMnannx na OHAa oAaiax n 6p3onncHux. Joni 
cy AOAaTa HMena CBnjy cAOBa, a noBpx Tora odeAeateHH cy 
n ,,r,iacoBn" nojeAHHnx cAOBa Kao y 3opnha. y CiyKBnun 
(Koja opojn 38 c/iOBa) Ha./ia3H ce: ifi , & u v. 1 ) 



') H30CTaBji,eHa cy cioBa: s, », <B , <o , ra, z u y, Koja cy ou.ia 
AOT.ie y ynoTpedi. PaAOBaiioBiit. je xTeo H30CTaBiiTU n nucueHa: 
•«• n v, ii noyeii — Bean — •«• una iictu r.iac c t . a v c u, 
u ii i", a^iii KOJincnja npocfiecopcKa, Kojy HanoMeHycaio, ou.ia 
je y BehiiHii npoTiiBHor MH>es>a, KaKO 3a Ta ABa cic-Ba, TaKO 
ii 3a cjobo bit (qi). 3a obo ciobo PaAOBaHOBiib — y 3BauinHOM 
cboji aKTy oa 1. Jyaa 1837 r. saBeAeHOM y mm. npocBeie boa 
J\£ 13 (.,upiiMjt. 15. Maja 1838 toa-") — Be.iu, ,;a ce Moate 
nncani ca idi ii.iii hit, no3iiBajyhu ce y Tone Ha CTape nucue 
cane c.ioBeHCKe a36yKe, KaKo cy omn npeAamein. oat> cbohi 
npeAKOBa y^iii.in n3roBapaTii nucjia Tora SHani ,.. n 113roBapa.n1 
in Tail, a He ni^a (i|i)." 



EyKBAl'CKA METOAUKA Y CPBA 33 

CncTejia no kojoj je OBaj 6yKBap pal)t j H , ca cbiim je 
OHaKBa Kao niTO cmo je BHAean y AOcaAanaiM 6yKBapiiMa. 

IIpBo ce cnajajy cyraacHnnn c raacHnnnMa y caoroBe oa 
ABa caoBa, 11 to Hajnpe jeAaH cyraacHHK ca cBUMa raacmi- 
noa peAOM hta-, Kao toa h y ohom oyKBapy oa 1717. r. y 
tfyKBapy Op({)eanHOBOM , ohom oa 1785. r. n CoaapnheBOM. 3a 
thm ce cnajajy raacHHHH ca cBniia cyraacHHHHMa peAOM , n 
OAaxae nsaa3n cnaecTBO CBaKOJaEHX caoroBa (6jimy 400). 
CaoroBa oa xpn caoBa nia hcto TaKo mhoto (Ha l'/ 2 anciy 
npeiio 470) n cbh cy npaB.LeHH no OHAannteii Haqiray: ABa 
cyMacHHKa HanpeA, a r.<iacHHK Ha Kpajy (h. np. caa, cae, 
can, cao, cay, cat, caio, caa, uta-)- 

HIto ce THie peqn, npBo cy 6npaie oa 'rpii n neinpn 
caoBa , h. np. cefi, cin, ctii, cKpon, hta. nan: Bac%, 
BHAt, Boa r L, hta. Oa penn oa nex caoBa (fapaie cy OHaKBe, 
y Kojnx cy y noieiKy ABa eyraacHHKa , y cpeAHHH raacHHK 
a Ha Kpajy cyraacHHK 3aBprayjynn ce BennHOM c t. (HaBe- 
AeHo nx je Bnme oa 160 Koje HMeHnna Koje npnAeBa). — 
/l,a.ie HacTynajy npBo pe*ra c ABa raacHHKa n ABa cyraacHHKa 
Kojn CTOJe y noneTKy cnor caora , 3a thm h c BHine cyraa- 
CHHKa (h. np. 6o-Aptin, Ba-rpa, Me-AB^AT), hta. npeKO 
90 TaKBHx penn). — Y ocoChtom naparpa<j)y HaBOAe ce cn.me 
pe i m oa Tpn caoBa n jeAHor nan ABa caora (h. np. aAi>, 
a3'i>, an,, hta- nan: a-fla, a-KO uta.)- A a - te npeoTiw.i.v 
Max Bnraecaoarae penn (oa 8 , 4,5, 6 n 7 c.ioroBa) , no- 
Aea>eHe cBe y ocoohtb naparpa^e , He Memajyhn jeAHe c 
ApymMa (Kao hito je y 3opnha). Meljy thm petunia inia 
nx npnanMHO Aocra, Koje Hncy hh Maao Aoopo H3a(5paTe 3a 
Aeny npBora paspeAa, Kao: Ip-aaHA-cKa. xe-pofl-CTBO, 
3ao-Ko-Bap-crBo, Oe-o-^i-aaKTi), v-no-e-e-Ka, a-pHT- 
ne-TH-Ka, o6-CTo-a-Tea-crBo, $H-Jio-co-$i-a, xpo-HO- 
ao-ri-a, v-no-cra-ci a, aH-e-po-no-ao-ri-ii. AO-MO-CTpo- 
H-rea-cTBO, co-oo-at.s-no-Ba-ni-t: n t. a- (Bnme oa V/ 2 
ancra). 

I'JIACHHK XXXVIII. 8 



3 | BVKBAPCKA UBTOAHKA V OPBA 

1 1 a. mi,- mi SopuheB Hii'iMii y obom je tfyoapy H3pel)aHO 
BHine peyn Koje ce nyin cnpmaBajy Ha a Jb, an>, e&, njb, hm 
HHa'ic imajy rAe roA c/ior h>h oh ah. 

IEto hhcmo HajiaBH^iH y AOcaAaiLHM 6yKBapHMa — asy- 
3iiMajyliH ByKOB „OMeA" — to cy smore (npeKo SO) pe^H 
y kojhx Mac p (c ApyrHM cyr.aacHHn,HMa) i ihhh c/ior 3a ce, 

H. Hp. 6p3'I>, 6\)-6Aii, 6p-BHO, HTA- HcTO TaEO HOBO je 

OBAe h to, iiito cy HaBeAeHe MHore (npeno 110) HMeHHue 
oco6He , noHaJBHHie HMeHa pa3HHx 3eMa.i>a , peKa hta. Met>y 
thm HMa h OBaKBHx : AHrjiifl, Bo./ira, Be3yBi>, Tep3e^e3 , L. 
6ApeH r i>, E./i6a, ETHa, KHiafi, C/iHMnt, XeKJia, hta. 

SaBpiue'raK Ma r repnja^a HaMett»eHor 3a iiHTaH»e y npBoj 
ho^obhhh dyKBapa HHHe umorn npHAeBH cnojeHH c nmeHHuaMa 
Kao: „/l,o6ap o'ran,. B./iHCTaK>tie 3Be3Ae. BKycHHii HaMennaft. 
YpeAHO AOMOCTpoHiejiCTBO. ^odpoTBopHa niTGApoTa'' HTA- H 
MHora „KpaTO HpaBoywreyma H3peieHifl." 

H^pKBeeo-c^OBeHCKa je no^a ca cbhm oHaKo Kao ihto je y 
6yA0MCKOM dyKBapy (t. j. totobo je CBa npenncaHa oa pe x iH 
AO peqs). 

OBaj ce 6yoap oA-flHKyje oa ocTajinx jeAHHO — MOiKe 
ce peKii — cbojom nyHHJOM caApatHHOM (h y npBoj h Apyroj 
ho./im). y H>eny HaH^a3Hio Ha CH^eeTBO cvioroBa eojh cy ca- 
cbhm hobh , a cBe je pafyeHO Ta^mo no oApeijeHOM npaBuy He 
Meinajykn Hnnrra ihto je HecpoAHO. CHCTeMaTinmocTH no ycBoje- 
hoj MeTOAH naia Bp^o dpore . Tarco Aa ce nncan OTyaa HaAa, 
Aa he Aena thm Ha^HHOM Haywrn Ao6po cpnnaTH, „a no 

TOMt CT> B\)AO MaJlHMl TpyAOMT. H y HBTaHH) yTBpAHTH Ce." 

3a to h BeyiH — y cbom 3BaHH i moM hhcm}' oa 1. Jv.ia 1837. 
r. 3aBeAeH0M y apxHBH mhh. npocBe're noA •">• Jy^a 1S37. r. 
$ 2735 h hoa 15. Maja 1838. r. n$ 16 — : ..CmIio cy- 
Ahth Mory. Aa he y i ieHHnn y I-By oacy AomaBran , 3a e-AHy 
roAHHy 6yKsapx cl TaKOBHMi. ycuixoMi. cbpihhth, Aa he, 
Ka-At y KJiaccy iac/LOBan,a npehy. mhoto 6o./it> h coBepnieme 
qHTaTH Mot-.iT o^t> caAT. . Hero ao caATb. A koh 3a eAHy ro- 



BYKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 35 

AHHy He 6yj\,e y daHK) CyKBapi, aotfpo nay wrn , OHaii ciatfy 
Ha^eat^y n 3a (jy^yliHOCTL Aae , ^a ne Aoope ycnixe y BHmnM'B 
mKO/iaia ^hhhth ; a nopeAt Tora n y wre.fli>n &e H.in He6pe- 
ajeme ear HecnocotfHOCTL cboio, etjih hpothbho, AOKa3aTH." — 

OBaj 6yKBap Bpyio je 3Ha^ajaH no Hac 3a to , nrro cmo ee 
mh cbh y CpCnJE — cse oa 1838. ao 1869. r. no H>eMy (y cy- 
mTHHn) jveae. EberoB je MaTepnjaji, ocoChto y Apyroj hojih He- 
niTO mh ca cbhm MeaaT, s,ae je, Kao dito peKox, oh y cymTHra 
cbojoj ocTao cBe ao HaJHOBnjer BpeiaeHa , Tano pehH ao jy l ie. 

IIpeA HaMa je H3AaH>e oa 1844. toa- ByKBnna je y H,ejiy 
tojihko caMO H3MeH>eHa , ihto HeMa Bnme crapnx cioBa : m t 
(hi) . ft n v n HeMa caoBa : y>. HHa T ie 6yKBnna je ns^io^eHa 

HCTHM Ha*IHHOM , y DJTaMHaHOM H dp30HHCHOM od.'lHKy, KaO Ma. Ill 

h Be.iHKa c/ioBa , c tom caio pa3.iHKOM hito hchoa caoBa He 
CToje BHnie no ABa Ha3HBa , Beh caMO jeAaH , n to oHaj ciapa: 
a3, oyKH, BjeAH hta, a He h OHaj HemaqKn: a, 6e, Be... 
Ka, ea, eM, hta. 

CaoroBH oa ABa h -rpn c/iOBa ocrajiH cy ca cbhm ohh hcth 
Kao dito cmo hx bej^gae y H3Aafty oa 1838. toa., caMO hx 
je — pa3yMe ce — Henrro Maite Ha 6pojy, jep cy oTnajin 
cioroBH kojh cy npaB.LeHH noMOhy OHa wrnpn H3oa*ieHa caoBa. 
(CaoroBH — 470 Ha dpojy — oa rpu CAOBa ona.111 ey ca 
cbhm HenpoMen>eHH). H cap, a^.t>h MaTepnja./i y npBOJ no.iu- 
bhhh, 0Apel>eH Ha cpnuafte h wraite, ocTao je ca cbhm hcth, 
oceM ihto cy no Hene crpaHe pe i in 3aMeH>eHe ApymM HeniTO 

MaylO n03HaTHJHM CpHCKOJ J[GUJ1 1 Kao H. Up. MeCTO v a-|Ui«" 

Me-TH-Ka" (cTp. 15.) AoiiMa je pe<i: „a-(>po-HO-]Ha", Me- 
cto: „aH-6-po-no-Jio-ri-fl a (CTp. 16.) aoeiah je pen: ^A- 
jieK-caH-Api-^" Mecro : ;; A^6KcaHAepi"(cTp. 16.) AODMaje 
pe*i ,,AHaKpeoH^ (Ha cBaKH mniim pfyano lusaopaia). 

II,pKBeHO-cjioBeHCKH Aeo , itao h CBa Apyra ncaa cpncKOr 
6yKBapa oc'ra.ia je y obom H3AaH.y ca t'BHM HenpoMeaeHa. 

lIo^ieM je OBaj tfyKBap ocTao y cviimiiiii cbojoj y pyiwtMa 
cpncKe Aene y CpdnJH cbc ao HaJHOBajer 1, to (Shcmo 



36 UVKBAPCKA METOAHKA * Cl'I.A 

momh hr obom merry pasrjieAaTH h „ p Ci c k i n dyKBapi* 
oa 1850. roA. n n.eroBa MHora AoijHHJa HBAaita; ho krko je 
OBaj tfyoap (oa 1850. foa-) A^o Apyrora micua uaiuer h 
KaKO ce npe 1850. roA- jaBno ca cbhm hob nojar> y Hamoj 
<tiutcth i ikoj hctoah dyEBapcKOJ , to ocTaB.taaio ah o dyKBapy 
OA 1850. roA- nporoBopniio Kojy AOUHHJe rAe My (Jy^e aie- 
da y HCTopnjcKOM obom npeMeA}'. 

9. 
YcpeA OBe jeAHOo6pa3HOCTH h MexannqocTH , Koja Beanie 
y Hamoj 6yKBapcKOJ MeTOAHUH, jaB^a ce roA- 1846. Hchaop 
CTOjaHOBflli ca cbojhm 6yKBapoM, kojh je Hanncao 3a He- 
Ae^He niKo^e. EoTnyHH je Hac/ioB oboj kh>h3h: „Bp3oyKiif 
tfyKBapt, h^h hobhh cnocoCi'L HanncHBaH'tMi), yno- 
AO^JiaBaH'tMi), cacTaByiaH'feMt n pacTaBAJiH'BM'b c/ioBa, 
caoroBa h peiifi, Hay^iHTH khbhth h nncMy HeBeinie 
3a 40 iacoBa npeAaBaaa cpticKH h H,pKBeHO-c/iaBflH- 

CKH HpaBHJlHO ^IHTaTHH npnAH?HO Ha H3yCTt HHCaTH." 

C'rojaHOBHii OAHOMH^e U03HaBaH.e c/iOBa hithiiom. Ha ko- 
joj cy Majia cpncKa nrraMnaha caoBa. Ochm minne noipefiflo 
je - TaKO npenopyyyje OrojaHOBHh — Aa HMa y hiko^h 
u,pHa TatUa , a HacraBHHK Aa Apra y jeAHOJ pyun npyT a y 
Apyroj (AecHoj) KpeAy. IHto ce yieHHKa inqe , CBaKH oa h>hx 
TpeGa Aa HMa npeA coCjom „u,pHy TaoVumy oa npena'" a y 
AecHoj pyun nnca^Ky. CaM paA H03HaBaH>a caoBa npe/iasn 
ce y o6.ihky paaroBopa H3Mel)y Haci'aBHHKa h y^eHHKa. IIpBO 
Ka3yje HaciaBHHK, KaKO Ha „hithhh' ; bhah „pa3./iH*iHe mape" 
(Koje y i ienHHH Ha HEime TaKot)e noBTope) , 3a thm, KaKO 
ce 're „mape" 30by caoBa, KaKO he CBaKH moKh tiHTaTH KaA 
Ta c/iOBa AO<5po yno3Ha h KaKO ke CBaKo c/iobo Ao6po yno- 
3HaiH KaA ra Hay i in micam h HsroBapaTH. Hocae OBor KpaxKor 
yBOAa npe^a3n HaciaBHHK Ha nncaae jeAHor caoBa. IIoKa- 
3aBm0 (npyroM) upBo cjiobo Ha mTHHH nnme Ha t(\6ae i n 
sasyje KaKO oho H3r./ieAa Kao ho a, n HHTa no tom yqeHHKe 



BTKBAPCKA METOAOKA y CPBA 37 

oko to cjiobo H3MeAa. OAMax 3a thm Tpa&n Aa y^eHnnn 
caMH Hannray Ha cbojhm TafannaMa to „ciobo dtto H3MeAa 
Kao DMa" noKa3aB hm Kano he ByhH OA03ro npaBO AO-fle n 
ctrbhth rope jeAHy „tb x is,j. u 3a thm Kaate yneminnMa, kako 
ce to ciobo hito je HanncaHO h nrro H3MeAa Kao uya& (yAa- 
pajynn ja^ie MacoM Ha npBH caor (u) y penn raa 30Be u 
(no rjiacy , a He no naieHy) n nponniyje o tom CBoje yqeHHKe, 
napo^HTO Tpaatn Aa y^eHnnn noKaiKy KaKO Tpeda ByhH nn- 
cavtKOM no th6ae , Aa 6n to mobo Hannca./in. /l,a He 6n yqe- 
hhuh 3a6opaBH./in , OrojaHOBHh Kao HacraBHiK — Ka3yje „npa- 
bh^o", no kom he ra CBaKH „moKh cBar^a n HanncaTH h 
H3roBapaTH. a /l,a 6h ra Morao HanncaTH, npenopyqyje Aa 
CBaKH paA Tora homhc/ih KaKo H3MeAa HMa KaA ydoAeHa 
npaBO ctojh. 3a thm ce Ha hobo oMeAa nncaae Tora c/iOBa 
(nomTO ce n36pHme c Tafanna yneHnqKnx n c Be^nKe Tatfjie 
niKOJicKe h nomTO ce Ha nrrnnn noKpnje) H3BOAenn Ha Ta6.iy 
qac oBor qac OHor yneHHKa. A Aa yneHnnn He 6h 3a6opa- 
bh.ih , KaKO ce to MOBO nsroBapa , npenopy i iyje hm ce , Aa 
yBeK „H3peKy Ha Mac ohj t CTBap hito H3MeAa Kao obo mobo" 
na he „npBH a Mac „onoMeHyTn" cBaKora, Aa ce to caobo 
H3roBapa u. 3a thm ce y tom npaBny nponnTyje : Koja CTBap 
H3MeAa Kao obo caobo, kojh je npBH Macnii „hito ce i iyje 
KaA ce H3peKHe nrAa", no qeMy ce Morae cBaK cei'inn. Aa 
ce to caobo HsroBapa u, Kano ce H3roBapa to ciobo, Me 
je oho Ha niTHnn hta , h yqeHHUH OAroBapajy peAOM Ha cbrko 
nHTaibe (cTp. 1 — 4). 

IIofflTo cy yiieHHHH yno3HaAH caobo : i (a yno3HaAU cy ra 
„no TOHe ihto ra yMejy Aa Hannray n usroBope"). npeaasn 
ce Ha Apyro caobo, kojc A<wia3H H3a caoBa i h Koje „H3M6Aa 
Kao odpyn." To ce caobo Haunrae na Tata, 3a mm ce 
Kaae Aa ctojh Ha nrrnnn noc/ie i n joiu jeAHOM noBTopa Aa 
H3MeAa Kao ^oopyq." Hocjie Tora nnray ra y'lennun Ha cbo- 
jhm TaoaHnaMa , no ihto hm HacTaBHHK noKaae KaKO &e ,.nn- 
caybKOM" no Ta6./in Byhii . ii yqeHHHH ce o tom cJiOBy r \i\.u> 



38 BVfiBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 

nponHTyjy hcto oHaKO Kao h koa cioBa i. Ha bcth Hauim 
npe.'ia3H ce y AnjaAoniKOM odjimcy caobo c, (lteroB H3LieA 
— Kao y cpna — u H,eroB Mac) h Ha nocAeTKy ce nponn- 
Tvjy yienHUH o CBHiia obhm cAOBHMa peAOM OBaKo: ioc, oic, 
oci, ico, coi, cio, (oko ce Koje oa h^hx 30Be no cBOMe 
Macy). To je MaTepnjaA kojh je nncan, oBor tfyoapa OApe- 
Aho 3a npBH Mac yneHHHHMa „HeAej>HHx niKOAa" (crp. 4. 5.). 

3a Aa.Mx neT qacoBa npenopynyje OrojaHOBHh — no 
KpaTKOM noBTopeity oHora raio ce AOTAe npeniAo — hcth 
Ha i iHH noKasHBaita h nponHTHBaaa. TaKO 3a neT HAykHX ia- 
coBa Ba.i.a npeJiH ocTajia caoBa obhm peAOM : m m 3 a 6 p 
b t n k y r h o a x i h n c a \\ m n \f x if) (cBera 29 
CAOBa). KaKO cy ce AOivie oHa Tpn c./ioBa (i, o h c) yno- 
pel)HBa;ia c HeKHM CTBapnaia mh nojaBaaia, h. np. m c aiy- 
itOM, in ca maKOM, 3 ca 3mhj'om, a c AeBKOM, 6 c (Joo'om, p 
c penoM, b c bhhom h./ih c BeTpeminoM, n c „neHi,iepoi", k c 
KiefflTHMa hah c KpecroM, y c ymneM (,,Kao Aa ce ABe pta 
y HtMy cacTaio"), r c rycaaMa, h c HBepoM (,,Kao Aa ra 
ioniTi Apaw oho y cpeAHHH dpBHO"), e c je3HKOM, a c aomom, 
n c neHre^ioM hta. 3a cBaKo caobo npenopynyje nncan, Aa ce 
nponn'ryjy y^ieHHun: Koje ce OBaKo a Koje OHaKO nsroBapa, 
h. np. „ Koje ce c./iobo H3roBapa3?" — , ; Oho ihto H3r.ieAa 
Kao 3MHJa a ' hta. 3a thm h OBaKo: „IIo *ieMy ce 3Ha, Aa ce 
obo caobo HsroBapa 3?" — „IIo TOMe, ihto ce nyje rAacnn 
3 y no^eTKy, KaA ce H3peKHe 3MHJa." „A 3ap ce He nyje y 
no^ieTKy rAacHk 3, KaA ce H3peKHe niaKa?" — ,,KaA ce H3- 
peKHe lnasa, oHAa ce He nyje y nowmy rAacnh 3, — OHAa 
ce ^yje r.iacHh m" hta. 

CeAMor h Odor *iaca yno3Hajy ce yqeHHnn Ha caireaH 
Ha i iHH ca c.iOBHMa: ab h hl h tom hphahkoh Ka3yje hm ce 
saKO t OBa ABa caoBa (a h h) „oa OAMax ao h,hx ctojh, 
yMeKHiaBa, Te ce OHa OHAa H3roBapajy ab hi", Kao ihto 
je no^eTaK „y pewa ABHraBT>, HBHBa", hah Kao ihto je 
CBpmeTaE „y pe*ma MajiL, rohb." Ochm obhx CAOBa yno- 



EYKBAPCKA METOAHKA J r CPBA 39 

3Hajy ce join ca cjiobom t („hito H3ivieAa oa npa^HKe Kao 
teneHaKt") Koje ce H3roBopa Kao e; 3a thm ca ciobom k 
(„niTO e cacTaB.iT.Ho H3 in o, a^' He H3roBapa ce io, Hero 
iy, Kao hito e noneiaKt y pew K>n>"); noc/ie xora ca qao- 
bom a. (3a Koje nncan. Be./in Aa „He 3Ha oko H3MeAa'' — 
t. j. Ha nua je HawK — n Koje ce H3roBapa a) ; 3a thm 
ca c/iobom h (Koje ce H3roBapa „Kao i"); 3a thm ca ciobom 
ft (Koje je oa npe yneHHUHMa no3Haio, camo , ; hito HHa Bnrae 
iviaBe KyKHny h hito ce H3roBapa Kao : j , Kao npBiifi rviacHhi. 
y pew ionn. (join) nw Kao noc/ieAHtifi iviacnh'L y pew pan"); 
3a thm ca cviOBHMa in h hh (Koja ce HsroBapajy „Kao nj, 
Kao hito e y pew nift oho ocnMTb u, y pew aiu oho noc/ie 
ji") h TaKO peAOM yno3Hajy ce yqeHHHH — CBe ceAMor h 
ocMor naca — h c orrawM cioBHMa : in, (m y) , l , t , j , #, 
h v (ci'p. 7 — 9). 

/l,eBeTor naca yne ce yqeHunn Aa H3roBapajy no Asa c/iOBa 
;7 3ajeAHO h y jeAaH Max" (Kao h. np. i-r (nr) uw: r-n (rn) 
nw Apyra Koja ABa caoBa, BewHOM no ABa npBa oa ohhx pew 
c KOJHMa je H3MeA cjiOBa ynopet>HBaH). CBa ce ciOBa nnray Ha 
Ta6w. — Oa AeceTor ao TpHHaecTor iaca yne ce yneHHHH upBO 
HsroBapaTH „3ajeAHO h y jeAan Max" no Tpn h ne r rnpn h neT 
c/iOBa , Kao h. np. c p n (cpn). n p c (npc). 6 6 {606), 
3 m i a (3 Mi a), a e b a k (./leBaK) hta. a 3a thm ..pacraB- 
AaTH (cip. 11 h 12) pew Ha ciOBa no ilhxobom Macy", h. 
np. Aa ce pacraBH Ha Macnhe hm ciOBa: aa, Ha, th. hh, 
bh, bo, ro, hta. (a- a, H-a . t-h, h-h, b-h, b-o, r-o, hta). 

3a 13. h 14. lac oApebeHO je „h3J'ctho HanncHBaite c.ioBa 
h c/ioroBa", nonrro ce upeAnocraB.ta . Aa cy ce yieHHun Aoivie 
ynyrnw Aa c/iOBa yjeAHO nsroBapajy n caciaBAajy 11 ,ui CBaEj 
pe<i Koja hm ce „HeHanncaHa Kaate Ha ciOBa (11a waco 
pacraBe." /l,a 6m AaK/ie yieHnnn ymciii cRai,\\ peq aanacaTH, 
Tpetfa Aa yMejy „y naMern pacraBHTH Htire rjacalie, na 
OBe no peAy nonncaTH* (np. 12). H y jeAHOM n y Apyrou 
Bajba hx AO(5po H3Be»daTH. 



Ill liyKBAI'CKA METOAHKA V < TI.A 

OflaBAe nacTiijo qmme no c/ioroBHSia (.,11.111 i\i;iran t." ) 
ii to npBO iiojc/i,iiiiiix pcni, a 3a thm h qimiBiix peqemma. 
To je 04pet)GH0 3a Aa.i-a Tpu qaca (oa dp. 13. ao 16.). 
nocrynHocT Koje ce nncaij „6p3oyKor" (JyKBapa oBAe A\)Wi, 
ca cbhm je pa:j.iii'iHa op, noc/rynHocTH Ha Kojy cmo Haii.<ia:w,iH 
y ocTa/iiiM dyKBapHMa. y O'rojaHOBHta qirra&e no caoTOBHMa 
HAe obhm peAOM : „a aA a-Aa a-Aaai a-aa-MOB a-Aa-sio-BHh 
a-Aa-MO-BH-hcB....; o oh o-Ha o-Hai, o-Ha-Kifi o-Ha-KO- 
Bbiil - o-HO-ma-Aa-iuHbifl...; viae: he hyK hyp-Ka he- 

jiaB ty-CKi-a he-pa-in-Aa h e-p e-Ji e-^ii-a ; ale AbET 

^to-Kaq ^lho-Ka-H't; HbH-Ba HbH-a-H'fe HbH-BH-u,a...; h.id: 

CpH, CBp-AO, Mp-TBaH Ca-Mp-THHK CMp-TO-HO-CaH, CTpB 

cm pi 1 ...; n./iH : a-^eK-caH-Api-a (Ua-ro-AB-a-Hi-K BB-po- 
HC-no-B't-Aa-Hi-e hta- (OBe nocaeAite Bnmec/ioiKHe peqn npe- 
nnca-He cy H3 oyKBapa oa 1838. toa- hjh ynpaBO H3 ohot 
Henixo Ma;io n3MeH>eHor H3Aan>a oa 1844. toa.) A 0B Ae cy ce 
(Ha Tpz nyHe CTpane) qHTaae nojeAQHe penn , a OAaBAe Ha- 
CTajy ijHTaBe peqeHHue, h. np: „AaH H-aia ABa-Ae-ceT n 
qe-'rnp qa-ca, qac n-aia qe-THp qe-TBp-Tn, qe-TBpx 
H-ia neT-HaftcT MH-Hy-Ta hta. (dp." 15. n 16.). 

KaKo cy ce yqeHHip AOBAe yno3Ha./in camo c mb-ibm cio- 
BHJia , to 3a Aa.ta Tpn qaca yno.3Hajy ce n c Be^HKHM , aieBj 
KOjHMa — Kao hito HHcao; Be^n — ,,HMa caMO qerapH, koh 
ce OAt Ma./ibi [M'dAEKyx) , a Apyra cBa H3ivieAaio Kao n Ma^a" 
(crp. 17.). Ta cy caoBa: / A E E. Y AHJajiomKOJ (|)opara npe- 
jiasH ce HaqnH nncaaa h H3roBapaH>a thx caoBa , a ochm ftHX 
h c/iOBa : EiS, 3a Koja ce TaKo^e BeM (cTp. 17. h 18.) 
Aa ce oa na^Hx c./ioBa pa3/iHKyjy. H3a Tora roame HeKH aia- 
Tepnjayi 3a qnTaae y qziaBHM peqeHnnaia , oa kojhx cBaKa y 
noqeTKy oh y cpeAHHH HMa y koj'oj peqn no Koje Be^iHKO 
c/iobo. H. np. „y Be-o-rpa-Ay Ha-,ia-3e ce Be-./in-Ke niKO-jie. 
O-Be Be-^n-Ke mKo-Jie 30-By ce •fl.H-n.e-yii h rn-MHa-si-a. 
O-chm o-BH Be-^n-KH HiKO-Jia H-Ma y Be-o-rpa-Ay Bo-ro-cio- 
Bi-a h Tp-ro-Baq-Ka mKo-^a. Epo-m^e ro-AH-He 3a-Be-Ae-He 



ByKBAI'CKA METOAHKA V CPBA 41 

cy y Be-o-rpa-Ay b He-Ae.flb-He niKO-^ie. Y aba-am ce MO-ry 
He-y-KH Ha-y-yn-TH an-Ta-TB nn-ca-rn 11 pa-ay-Ha-TH fl hta- 
(crp. 19). 

3a Aa.ta ABa laca (21. b 22.) oApeAao je aacaa. ao- 
3HaBaH»e KypcaBaax „bjib .zieaieliB c/ioBa , koh ce oat> cto- 
ehB pa^JiBKyio." HpHCTynajykn k tbm ciOBHMa Bejia (crp. 20.) 
Aa ax HMa camo mecr (b to aia^iix) Koja ce paBJUHsyjy oa 
ooVjbbx aia^iHX arraMaahax c/ioBa (b Ta cy : a e i u w a 
b OBHMa je AOAao: m ■ j. ho 3a b>bx (aa crp. 22.) bi.mii. 
Aa ce Ha./ia3e Bame y pyKoancy aero y maraum ; Bocae OBora 
ynyinTa ce y oaBCBBaibe OHora hbm ce KypcBBHO c/iobo oa 
odaqaor arraMaaher c/ioBa pa3^BKyje , b to cBe ycBojemiM ab- 
ja^ioroM, y Koaie yqeaaaB BOBTopaBajy CBe m r ro BacraBHHK 
Hafye aa kom caoBy Aa je c/ib i ibo c obom bjib ohom crBapn 
(Kao in to ce mhhbjio b y BoaeTKy bpbjibkom yieaa o6b i ihbx 
BiTaMBaliHX cjoBa). CBaKo ce EypcHBHO c/iobo BOKa3yje Ha 

HITHBB H HHHie Ha TaChlH (flO CBOJ HpH^HU,B 00 OUlHIBO KYp- 

chbho cjiobo). 3a Be3t6aH,e y iHTaiby KypcBBHBx caoBa HMa 
AOCTa Ma'repflja^a (crp. 22. ao 24). y mhtc*ibhh peieanuaMa, 
Koje cy h OBAe — Kao peaa — BOAe^eae Ha cioroBe . h. 
np. „5Ky-na-HH Gp6-csn fta-Jin cy: — Bo-H-caaBb. Pa- 
AO-c^aBT), Epo-ce-roH, Baa-crn-Mapi* bta. 

Kao ibto cy ce npe OBora peiH pacTaBAa^e Ba cBoje 
r.iacoBe, -raKO ce caAa pacTaB^ajy b ua caoroBe (oa CTp. 24. 
AO 28). HanpeA Ka3yje iracan, — cue y Auja.<iory Kao na- 
craBHHK b yneBHBB — oko BMa pe i ia oa jeABor caora, oa 
ABa, r rpn, BeTHpn h BBrae c.ioroBa, aa ce sa tum paaaaaie, 
Koje ce pe^H 30By jeABoc/iosKHe , Koje Biiiaec.ioiKHe n sa CBaKy 
tj t Bpdy naBOAB BBme npnuepa. YjeAao ce n caMH v'ltiinmi 
BejK^ajy y nora^aay (ipoja caoroBa oa ohbx pe^B . Koje iim ce 
saAajy. Ho Aa 6b ce peqn „yiaKiiie" na c.iorone pacTaBJba^e, 
HanoMB^e ce (crp. 26.) Aa je no'rpedao „npB0 luumr. Koja 
cy caoBa w caMOiviacHa" Koja ;m ..car.iaciia." l'a.i, Tora oini- 
cyjy ce Koja cy to c/ioBa „caMOiviacHa* (n pe^ajy ce CBa — 



42 B7EBAPCBA MBTOAHKA V CPBA 

oHiiKO Kaiio ce OHAa BetaoM mhcimo y Hac — (a e i o y 
n u i it u ii h e K) a) , na ce OHAa npe^a3ii h aa Ae<J)HHH- 
HHjy ;; carAacHnx" CAOBa. 3a ,,caMOMacHa" CAOBa r'aamr Hch- 
iop CTojaHOBHh Aa cy y peinma oho „uito cy oat> npiiAHKe 
kocth y T'Kiy", a 3a „carviacHa" BeAH, Aa cy y pennMa to 
„hito e y rk/iy Meco", na npoAyatyje oBaKo: „... Kao npn 
Aejieiiio KaKBon, T&/ia (h. np. npn H3yt)HBaHio neneHii) dito 
MopaMO na3HTH Ha 3iviaBKe, raKO n npn j^gaqev) CAoroBa y 
penMa Mopano na3HTH Ha cacTaBKe CAoroBa, Aa He 6u npBO 
TaKo ciort oAt CAora oaoahah, KaKO 6r oho ihto My e cy- 
BHine Ao6io , hah oho, ihto My je noTpeCmo, H3ry6io" (cTp. 
26). Iloc/ie OBor Aocia nyAHOBa'ror h AOcet.LHBor ynopefyeita 
HacTaBHHK — no nnmneBOM ynyTCTBy — pa3Ae.i.yje HeKe penn 
HaMepHO Kao hito He 6n TpedaAO, h. np. OBaKo: BorA-aHT>, 
BacA-aHi), 6e3A-Ha, IlaHT-a hta, h OBaKo: Bo-rAaHt, 
Ba-CAaH^, 6e-3AHa, Ila-HTa eta, na nniajytiH yqeHHKa 
Aa ah cy Te penn aotfpo no CAoroBHMa pa3Ae.teHe Aoonja oa 
aera — 6e3 HKaKBor Aa.ier odaBenrreika — oAMax npaBHAaH 
OAroBop , Aa HHcy Ao6po pacTaB.teHe. /l,a 6u to AOKa3ao, 
ynennK pa3Aame OBaKo: „y npBOMi CAynaio (BorA-aHT)) 
Ao6io e npBHii caovb (Bota) HemTO cyBHme, a Apyrin cAor-L 
(aHT)) oho hito My e noi'pedHo H3ry6io e; y ApyroMT, naKB 
CAynaio (Bo-rAaH-L) npBHit e CAon> (Bo) H3ry6io oho hito 
My e noTpedHO, a Apyrin CAor (rAaHi.) aooIq e oho hito 
My c cyBHme" (CTp. 27). H3a Tora nponHTyje HacTaBHHK 
yneHHKa KaKO Ba&a Ty pen (BorAaHT>) pa3AeAHTH h AoCnja 
OAroBop: „Tpe6a e pa3AeAHTH OBaKo: Eor-AaHi>;" a Aa je 
j e AOHCTa BaA>a 'rano asahth , no3HBa ce yneHHK — Ha 3a- 
XTeBan>e HacTaBHHKOBO — Ha ;; o6nnHO h npnpOAHO H3roBa- 
paHT. Te peqn y pa3roBopy." Koahko HaM je nyAHOBaTO, Kano 
yneHHK 6e3 AOBO.LHor pa3BHjan>a noMony nH'raaa Aaje cai 
npaBHAHe oBaKBe oAroBope , toahko h jom nyAHOBaTHJe HaM 
j e obo Aa.te ihto HAe. HacraBHHK (nncau,) He HaAa3H Aa je 
„o6nnHO h npnpoAHO H3roBapaH,e pe<m y pa3roBopy" aobo.lho 



EVKBAPCKA METOAHKA \ CPBA 43 

Aa Han nonage KaKO kojv pen Ba.ta pacxaBji>axn Ha caoroBe, 
h npiMepa paAH HaBOAH HeKOMKO penn Kao: cTaK./io. Ba- 
xpa, Henna Koje Ae-fln Ha cvioroBe OBaKo: cxa-KJio, Ba- 
Tpa, Ile-mTa h OBaKo: cxaK-yio, Bax-pa, Ileni-Ta, na 
Ao6hbiiih Ha CBOJe nnxan>e oa yneHHKa OAroBop A a „o6umeovlt> 
H3roBapaHH) Hne npoTHBHo" aKo ce OHe penn paciaBe obrko 
uae OHaKO, no3BBa ce Ha KftnaieBHHEe , kojh cy „HanMH, Aa e 
6ojiI: da-K^o Hero .in CTaE-^o hta. h HaBOAH h>hxobo npa- 
bh.io, Kora ce xpeda y OBaKBHM npn-inKaaia ap^th : A Ba ? T P U - 
nexnpi) caiTiacHa caoBa , Koa odtmHO cxoe y nonexKy penift, 
ocxaio h y cpeAH 3aeAHO, n y3HMaio ce Kb c/rBAyrokeMi. caory" 
(crp. 28). Obo npaBHJio odjamH>aBa nncan npHMepoia : „kao- 
dyK/L , «^eTBa, *vzhht>, ^vzyna" hta, jep — Be.m -- y obhh 
peinita cxoje „ABa caiviacHa c/ioBa" y noiensy, na 3a to Ta 
ABa c/iOBa He Tpeda h. np. hh y penn: cranio pasABajam. 
(AaMe xy pen noAe./iHTH OBaKo na c^oroBe: cxa-Kjio). 

HpenopynyjyhH a& HacraBHHK Hanncyje Ha xad^n Bnme 
penn n Aa xe pe<ra jeAaH no jeAaH yneHHK pacxaB.ta Ha c/io- 
roBe, nncan H3MiKe 3a xhm Maxepnja^i (nojeAHHe pe i in) 3a 
nnxafte, n xo „ncnpBa no caoroBHMa, a noraxo ce (yueHiiun) 
OBHMt HannHOMX) Aodpo H3BHKHy , OH^a a^ ce penn nnxaio ne- 
^oKynHO ear cacxaBHo." Taj je Maxepnja^ (c Bpao He3Hax- 
hom H3meHOJi) y3ex H3 OHAanmer dyoapa oa 1844. roA- oa 
cxp. 12 — 1G (c H30CxaBKoi § 10. cxp. 13. dvKBapa). 

Ha cxp. 42. n 43. nncan je hb-iojrho odnqHHM pe^OM 
n,eAy dyaBnny y mxaamaHOM n dpsonncHOM od.iiiKY (Hajnpe 
Mayia, a hchoa h,hx ne^HKa c/ioBa) , sajeAHO c noxnynnui nue- 
HHMa nojeAHHHx c/iOBa (36 h;i dpojy). 

H^pKBeHo-c^iOBeHCKa no^ia oBor dyKBapa (oa cxp. 44. j\o 
52.) ca cbhm je eslaek Ha AOcaAaH>e dyKBape , ynpaBO y H>oj 
je oHaj hcxh Maxepnja^ Kojn je y dyKBapinia EOJe cmo npe 
H>era pasrvieAa-an. 

ByKBap OBaj saBpmyje ce jeAHHM Aocxa Ayrawicini (oa 
cxp. 56. ao 61.) „nncMOM yiemiKa HeAeyii.He mao^e ki, p<>- 



44 BYKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 

AHTe^iBHMa." y TOMe ce nncMy H3;iaate (Kao 6ajarn oa crpaHe 
liyp'ijijcKor Ka.i<|)e) ynpauo ueo Ha i raH no KOMe je nncan Ha- 
nncao cboj 6yoap , n no KOMe cy yieHnnn aoulm j\o ymaiLa. 
Hocae npn/inuHO onmnpHor yBOAa, y KOMe ce ncKa3yje pa- 
AOct 3a Ao6nBeHy ymieTHOCT y nncaifcy npe/ia3H ce ynpaBO Ha 
H3jaraH>e MeTOAe no kojoj je dyoap H3BeAeH , (a THMe ce 
yjeAHO xohe Aa Aooate Aa cy 40 qacoBa npeAaBan>a no toj 
MeTOAH AOBO.tnn Aa HenncMeH l iOBeK Hayyn ,,ncnpaBHO wrain 
n npn./inqHO nnca*ra"). H3pnKOM ce HanoMHite, Aa HacT.iBHHK 
HHj'e ,/reo Ka3nBam: obo ce cjiobo 30Be a 31, a to 6yKn, 
BJeAn" hta., Beh je Ha mxnnH h3./iojkho cBa cpncKa miaM- 
naJia cvioBa peAOM KaKo cy hx yqeHnnn Haj-ziaKme „Mor.iH no- 
3HaTn", na hm je OHAa nncao Ha Ta6.m jeAHO no jeAHO n y i mo 
nx npBO KaKo ne cBaKo c/iobo HanncaTH , a 3a thm KaKO he 
ra H3roBapaTH (cip. 56. dyKBapa). 

Oa CTpaHe y^ieHHKa „Ka^(|)e hyp^njcKor" yBepaBajy My ce 
poAHTe.tn, KaKo je OBaj paA Bp./io ./iaKo nmao, „Hapo<iHTo" 
3a to mTO je y i iHTe.i cKopo CBaKo c./iobo ynopeijHBao c Ka- 
kbom no3HaTOH CTBapn , Koja je H3MeAa.ia BHine h./ih Maite 
Kao oho ynopefyeHo c./iobo. Ochm Tora raeHa oa ynopei>eHHx 
CTBapn OTno^HBajia cy ce yBeK OHaKHM Macnhei Kao hito ce 
nsroBapa obo ear oho caobo Koje ce ynopetjHBa^io. Ynopefyn- 
Ban,e CTBapn (h^h ynpaBO HMeHa itHxoBa) 6eaq cy Ha Taj Ha- 
tihh y T ieHnn,0Ma n „orvieAa.io" n „manTa./io a (cTp. 57.) hta. 

10. 

ByKBap o KOMe HMaMO caA Aa roBopnMO Hnje Hnmra Apyro 
AO npocT npennc H3 Apyrnx 6yKBapa. To je 6yKBap TaBpniia 
IIonoBHKa (6hb. B^aAHKe ma6a*iKor), kojh je oh ,,B3paAHo" 
1850. roA., KaA je n oa crpaHe HOBo-ycraHOB.teHe ;; hjko./i- 
CKe GOMHcnje" „npeMeAaH n OAo6peH." ') 

') Buah .,CpncKy 6H6.iHJorpa(J>iij y" Ct. HoBaKOBiiia (dp. 
312.) h „IIlKOJie y Cpdiju" oa MiuaHa T>. MiMnheBiiLa, y 
.,r.iacHHKy" XXIV. CTp. 22. 



EyKBAPCKA METOAAKA y CPEA 45 

IIpBa je no.ia npenncaHa H3 6yKBapa PaAOBaHOBnlieBor 
oa 1838 r. n,m E3 H>eroBux aoahhjhx H3Aan>a, c H30ciaBKOM 
HeKHx n HeKnx c/ioroBa n pern y caMoj 6yKBnu,H H3MeH>eHO 
je Heraio y toaheo uito npBo He cToje (Eao y PaAOBaHOBnta) 
Majia Beti Be^iHKa urraMnalia caoBa , hito cy n30CTaB.ieHa nsieHa 
c/iOBa (ocTaBHBran y i iH're.i.y a& oh can Ka3yje Aenn KaKO ce 
30Be Koje ciobo) , hito je ynxao y dyKBHHj cjiobo y,, Kora 
Hnje (jbjio y aohhhjhm (uo3HaTHM Han) H3AaH»HMa oyoapa oa 
r. 1838 n dito je Ha nocaeTKy H30CTaB.i»eHa dyKBnua 6p3o- 
hhchhx MOBa, Koja je y HOMeHyroM 6yEBapy AOJiasHJia oa- 
nax H3a niTaMnate 6yKBnu,e. TaBpHJio joj je Apyro necTo a<io- 

npe.ia3eliii Ha cioroBe nncau, je AOAao oa cBoje CTpaHe 
HanpeA camo w caMorjiacHa" cjiOBa : a, e, u,i, a, o, y, e, 
t, K) , n, a cBe ocTajio npenncao je H3 tfyEBapa oa 1838 
roA- yMayiHBran caio 6poj c/ioroBa oa ABa c/iOBa , no^ieM je 
H30craBHO CBe kojh cy ce no^infta/iH c obhm cyr.aacHnu.nMa: r, 
A, 3, p, <{i, x,u, i i , m, (hit), nli. H30craBHBran c.ioroBe 
kojh cy ce no^iHfta^n c thm cyr.aacmiunMa , HaporaTO je 6n- 
pao y Apyroai qjaHHHhy (§ 3) OHe cioroBe y kojhx je 6ho 
Ha Kpajy kojh oa cyrjiacHHEa H30CTaB.i,eHnx y npBOMe <»Ae.i,i;y. 

HIto ce Tn i ie caoroBa oa Tpn caoBa , kojiix je y noiie- 
HyioH dyiiBapy 1838 toa- 6uao upeno 470, h.iix je raBpoo 
IIonoBnli ca cbhm n36au.no, hito je — no Haraesi cxBaiaay 
— HajnaaieTHnje OBAe ypaAno. 

fajbiL Ma-repHJa-i . kojh ce cadojao y nojeAUHiiM pe'iinia 
oa jeAHor h ABa caora, ysex je TaKofye ca cbhm OHaKaB Eao 
hito je y dyoapy oa 1838 roA. caMO je Aocra y>i;< u.i-h n 
Hemro ApyK l iHJe pacuopeljeH. Taso h. np. y PaAOBaHOBHheBOM 
6yKBapy croje Ha npBOM Mecry pe i m oa Tpa (peTEO oa ie- 
THpn) caoBa ca caoBOM ii Ha Kpajy, a y raBpHAOBOM 6yBBapy 
y3exe cy Ha npBOM Mecry pe i in oa Menipn n ipn cJiOBa Koje 
ce cBpniaBajy c i n Koje y npBOM GyEBapy CToje iia ApyroM 
Mecxy, a oAMax ssa obiix AOJiase pena y eojhx je cjiobo p 
rjiacHHK, Koje y npBOM tfyEBapy * i a i ; AOH,BHJe (iia 12 KecTy) 



46 I. KBA1CKA METOAUKA V CPBA 

AO-aase. IIIto ce THie pe x iH oa Tpn h i ieiHpH cjiora , OHe cy 
ca cbhm HOBe h npn ifcHxoBOM H3dopy T&bqeao je MHoro BHUie 
na3H0 Ha qacie cpncKe nspase , ho uito ce Ha to ocBp'rao 
PaAOBaHOBnK ca cbojhm Ayra^KHM peinna: „odcTOHTe.flCTBO, 
K^eTBOHapymeHit;, JKecroKocepAie" hta. 

Kao foa iuto HMa y dyKBapy oa r. 1838 ocodmux vasl- 
Hasa 3a BeyiHKa cioBa , TaKO h y TaBpH^a IIonoBHha doje 
odaniKa HMeHHue ocodHe (Koje Ka3yjy HMeHa Bapomn) n upn- 
AeBH cnajaHH c pa3HHM HMeHHHaMa. H y jeAHOM h y ApyroM 
q^aHKy MHoro ce BHme na3H./io Ha OHe pe^H Koje Ka3yjy 
craapn cpncKOJ ague no3Ha're. TaKO h. np. Heia BHiue ohhx 
HMeHa: AHaKpeoH-L, AHr^ia, XapKOBt, XeK^a eta, 
a MecTO h>hxobo 3ay3HMajy HMeHa cpncKHX MecTa: ABa^a, 
A.ieKCHHai^i., EonaoHHKi. hta. (crp. 10 h 11). Maiepn- 
jaaa je h y tom h H^yKeM ^aHqnhy (§ 15) MHoro Maite ho y 
HOMeHyroM dyKBapy oa 1838 r. h aeroBHM aohhhjhm H3AaH>HMa. 

Ofl, Aa&er Ma'repnjajia . naMeiteHor 3a qnTaite , noc/ioBHue 
cy npenHcaie , caMo hm je dpoj cKpaKeH (b. § 1 6), a HAytiH 
T MaHaK (§ 17) ofl, crp. 14 ao 19 apkhmo Aa je caMOcia^HO 
Aeao nncna OBor dyKBapa. 

Hcto TaKO ApatHMo Aa je caMocrajiaH n npBH i waHaK 

HITaMHaH (Ha CTp. 21 H 22.) Kyp3HBHHM C/lOBHMa, paA KOJHX 

je HanpeA (cTp. 20.) esao^qes, dyKBHHa pyKonncHHx Be^iHKHX 
n Ma^iHx c/iOBa. HIto ce Tiree Apyror iwaHKa, mTaMnaHor 
hcthm (caMo chthhjhm) caoBHMa , r raj je npenHcaT oa pein 
Ao pe^n H3 CTojaHOBflheBor „dp3oyKor" dyKBapa, caMo cy 
Ha jeAHOM MecTy H30craB.<i>eHe koa onnca yinqHocTH Kapa- 
TJopfyeBor cnna ABe pe i iH : Aa je oh chh „noKOJHor rocnoAapa* 
h „H3daBHTe^i>a cpdcKort", Koje Hajia3HMO y HOMeHyTOM 
paHHJeM dyKBapy. Ochm Tora H3ocraBAeHO je y dyKBapy oa 
1850. roA- CBe hito ce y CTOj'aHOBHha (Ha CTp. 24.) roBopn 
o cb. CaBH h ApyrHM „npocBeTHTeAHMa w cpncKHM. 

IIpeMa cKpaheHoj npBoj uoae cpncKora dyKBapa , cKpaKeHa 
je h H,pKBeHo-c./ioBeHCKa no^oBHHa. MaTepnja.a je nHa*ie ocTao 



ByKBAPCKA METOAUKA Y CPBA 47 

hcth kojh ce Ha,ia3H y oyKBapy oa roA- 1838. n ocTa.'inii 
Koje cmo HanojiHftajin. 

CaB McTrepHj'aj aaniefteH 3a ynTaite y 6yKBapy oa 1838. 
roA- (dp. 40. ao 60.) c OHaKO pa3HOBpcHOM cbojom caAp-Kii- 
hom, H30CTaB.LeH je y 6yrcBapy oa 1850. roA-, 'raKo p,& OBaj 
npeaia OHOMe H3r.ieAa aia.ieH y ceaKOM od3Hpy. 

H OBaj 6yoap , y Kosie cy caio qe'mpn nex JLncTHka 
hobh (no cBojoj caApatHHH) , npeniTaMnaBaH je n Ha.aa3iio ce 
y pyKama cpncKe Aeu,e , (HapoiHTO y Cpdnjn) nynnx 19 ro- 
AHHa ! 3a CBe to BpeMe hhth je y aeroBom pacnopeAY hhth 
y MaxepHJajy y iviaBHOMe DnoroA Meitaxo. CaMo ce no Hera 
nyr no Henn Kao Hania./iHO , ie aoa^o no kojh cior n.m Kojy 
peinj BHme. TaKO y H3Aan.y nrraMnaHOM noc./ie mecT roAHHa 
o6e./ieaieH je KapaETep caoroBa oa ABa cioBa , oa kojhx je 
cyrviacHHK na npBOM a rviacHHK Ha Apyroi MecTy, caaio Time 
mTO je Ha cpeAHHH BpcTe CTaB.teHo aoth^iho cyrviacHo (Be- 
aeko) c/iobo! Ocgm Tora noBpaKeHH cy ns 6yKBapa oa 1838. 
roA- cbh ohh CAoroBH oa Ana ciOBa, sa Koje peKOX as nx 
je TaBpMo HohobhIi y H3AaH,y oa 1850. roAHHe ii3orrai?no. 
Join je yiin^eHa npoMeHa Heo y pacnopeAy y to.oko ihto 
cy HanpeA y3eTe pein Apyre BpcTe , Koje y npBOM HSAaity ao- 
ausq Ma^o AonHnje (Ha 4. 5. n 6. MecTy,). H to cy CBe H3- 
iieHe y HSAaay oa 1856. toa. 

Hoc/ie to^hko roAima naiuia3HMO oner Ha HeKe chthh- 
napcKe nsineHe. TaKO y H3Aan>y oa 1864. toa- nsupucaHa cy 
Be^iHKa c/ioBa Koja cy doja^a y noieTKy u.iaiiaKa (oa CTp. 
7. ao 14.) oApel^eimx 3a c.piinaibe (nojeADHiix pe<in). OBa 
H3MeHnna ca cbhm je HenoJM.i>uBa no Tone idto cy y uykbhlui 
Ha npBOJ crpaHH w3aokqhh n bojiiik;) ii Ma.ia (lirmnialia) caOBa, 
Koja Aena Mopajy peAoai ik'.vmhtu npe Hero ihto ce mjikiiv ao 
cpnnan>a Hem/iHKo HecnpcrHnx cJioroBa. dpeMa uoTpcuii oua- 
KBe 6yKBiiu,e Aaiue, Koja je Mopa.ia uimi yBiiljaima oiinMe 
kojh je obo H3Aan.e npnnpeitfuo , ono 6n pastor . A& Be- 
;iHKa cioBa ihto MemKe Aoaase y dvKnapy. Mock* ruia mh 



48 liyKBAl'CKA METOAHKA Y CPBA 

iix Ha^ia3HM0 usGaueHa y HeKOJiiiKo JWCTHta, oko kojiix cy 
Aena pasyMe ee — nMaaa Aa npoBeAy no to^hko He- 
Ae.ibn e Mecenn. 

J\,sube cy H3Mene ca cbhm He3HaTHe Kao n oBe, jep cy ce 
cacxojaje jcahho y AOAaBaity hm EreoanHBaity no Koje pern 

y m)KBeHO-cjioBeHCKOJ no/M 6yRBapa saiypeHa je aooh- 

Aanma nocTynHOCT , jep nocjie HSAOJKene oyBBme Hema npeA- 

xoAHor BeaOaaa y iiflimy nojeAHHnx pe<m, Beli ce OAroax 

npcflasH Ha iHTaite wraBnx peqeHnua (n3peKa H3 cb. iracMa, 

Koje ce y H3/uu&y oa 1864. roA- npBH hyt jaB.Lajy). y ko- 

jihko je Ta HenajKita Ha HeEy nocTyiraocT h y u,pKBeHO-c/io- 

BeHCKOJ uoae H.QTA& saAaBaTH ncnpBa HeEe TeinKone Aenn, y 

toahko je Bpjio Ao6po y»iHH.eHO y obom PAaay, ihto cy H30- 

craBAeHe CBe cKpaneHe pe i in (,,c in'MaMa"). Koahko je THiie 

o./iaKinaHO upKBeHO-cvioBeHCKO yniaibe Aeun Koja cy ce aoh- 

HHJe yqiua , aioate pasyMexn cBaK kojh ce ceka Kano ce oh 

HeKaAa Myqno Harafyajyhn nrra ah je OHa cKpakeHa peq, no- 

peA Koje je ncnncaHa n nornyHa , ho Kojy je ywreA y ihkoah 

Ba3Aa pyKOM noKpHBao. Ty Hnje moivio 6hth hh cnoiaeHa oa 

pasyMeBaaa hah yMenmocTH y wraiky, bcK cBaKO je Aexe Ha- 

yqnAO npocTO oHaKO qerpTa&CKH Ha naiieT CBe peqn peAOM, 

TaKO Aa h AaHac Moate.no HahH no Kojer oApacAor qoBeo hah 

JKeHy, kojh cy y cTaity Aa na naiei (n to 6p30 , a hhoko 

no./iaraHo) H3roBope CBe pera Koje cy 6eaq y ohom CyKBapy 

H3 Kora cy ce yqnAH upKBeHo-fAOBeHCKOM quTaity. 

11. 

HMaMo Aa pasivieAaMo jeAaH 6yKBap , kojh ce oa Aoca- 
Aan>nx pa3JiHKyje ncraHa He mctoaom no kojoj je pafyeH, Bel 
n^aHOM kojh je ca cbhm hob y Hamoj 6yKBapcK0J MeTOAflnn. 
To je .jByKBapi) 3a cpdcita yqHAnmTa y aycxpin- 
ckomt. napcTBy", HiraMnaH y Beqy 1853 toa. 1 ) 



') Hiicmo Mor/iii Aotn ao n3Aan>a oao Te roAHHe, Bet Haw je y 
pyKawa APyro nyin Tpefce ii3AaH>e oa 1857 roA- IIoboaom npBor 



BS'KBAi'CKA METOAHKA V CPBA 49 

Ha npBOM cy H3pei)aHa cBa ivmcna (..npocra n cio- 
aieHa") c/ioBa n cnajaHa Ha pa3He Hamme. PeA no kom cy na- 
pei>aHa OBaj je: Ii. Hn. LIh. Yy, Ee, Oo, Aa. lift. "M, 
6e, H)jo, Kr, a cnajaHa cy OBaKo: in, tin, yfi. eft, oil. afi, 
i h . e h , w il , h h, n.in : in. i e . i o , i a cta. y u . y e . y o . y a . 
yio. ya, en, ee, eo 11171,. n.in: tu. 'be, 'to. %io, i;: in a 
Ha pa3He HaynHe 6e:i nKaoa oo.snpa ah ah to cnajane inia 
KaKBa cuiic.ia n #a am je Aenn „iaKO 3a usroBapaae. 

3a tiim cy napefyiHa CBa cyiviacHa c.ioBa obidi peAOM: 
Tr. Tt, %\l, 'fit). Hn. Hh. II, u . 111m. Aa, Mm, Aa, 
Xx. ^1. Ro\ Bb. Kk. JEjk, Cc, Pp. <H. 33. - Jom 
odainKa Ha/iase re OBa c.ioBa : Ivb, Lb. AhAb, Hi.hl.. 
(cBera : 37 c.ioBa 6e3 y . Boje ce n OBAe He Ha.iaan). 

Oa crpaHe 4. na CBe ao IS. (noMeHyxor u.3Aan.a) H3^o- 
aGeHe cy penn oa A^a . Tpn hta. c/iora , Koje ce nonnay n.in 
Htiaie nniuy 6vah kojhm cyraacHHKOM (ode^ieffieHHM paA rora 
Ha cpeAHHH Bpde y ou/mkv Be.inn.or 11 MaAor c/iOBa) no pt\iy 
o6n T me uyKBnne (a He peAOM eoj'ii cmo ii::.v>'.i,'ii.iii HanpeA 3a cy- 
MacHHKe EaKO cy y obom GyitBapy n3pet>aHn). TaKO n. np. noA 
OAe.BKOM o(>e^eajeHnM (Ha CTp. 10.) hoa Cc cioje obo penn: 



ii3AaH>a U3uin.ia je Ha OBaj „Hobii cpncicii oyiiBap -- pen.eH3iija r. 
Td. AamiMiitia (y Beqy, 1S54. r.) 113 Koje A03HajeMO ,ia y o*y- 
KBimn npBor H3Aaaa imje 011.10 r.ioisa tx a tj. Bet mccto aux 
Aa cy CToja^ia c.ioBa: ti, , n ai>. Koja cy y aouhhjiim iKuaibima 
— no cboj npii.iiiuu yc.icA kpiitiikc r. AaHHiuheBe — onia.ia. 
Mefcy tiim 11 ai;o y caMOJ Gvkbiiuii QpBora nsAaaa iui.it' 011.10 
tiix ciOBa, Kao iiito imjc on.io mi caoBa 1,1. ,i,aiiiomli je 11a- 
iiiao na iieKiiii cTpamma oyKBapa 11 OBaKO naiii'noiiiaiiiix peqn: 
,,anyHue, h chain,, q y ita p 1; y t, a", a 011.10 je — aoc.icuio 
OyiiBiiHH — 11 OBaitBiix: ..A^ain.. ''011 a JB ia . 11 a r .1 u a u; a 11 1. " 
1'. .iauii'iiili npeMiiiii.tajyliii :;aiiin> je jeAHO muaiu OBaKO a 
Apyro oHaivO bciii y cbojoj ,.peuen:wi,jir aa OBaj CyKBap, Aa 011 
C&M CBeAOHH , ..ko.iiiko je dvKiuina KOJa inia OBa OAOB8 [fi u t>) 
odiimija oa one kojom je on niicaii. mi a ce cnoiieHyTa CAOBa Mory 
iiOTicpacTii 11 OHOJM a.iiiiin Kii.ir.Kcuinimi icoja 11c be Aa iix mum." 
r.ivciniK sxxviii. ' 



50 ByKBAl'CKA METOAIIKA >' CPBA 

Oa-ca, ce-.iu. ci-HO, Rift, co-Ba, con-Ka, cy-3a, hta. 
h./ih: ho-ch-mo, ch-ht> Mo-pe, co-mo-bh e-cy pH-t>e.... 
o-ca HT/i,. (cBera raKBMX 4u pe i m). 

Ha crp. 18. h 19. H3;ioateHa je u,eyia CiyKBHHa ooh'ihhm 
peAOM c uo'rnyHHM HMeHima cBaKor caoBa (no nosHaTOM Ha- 
wmy : as'B, 6yKn, bIiah, hta). 

Oa c r rp. 19. ao Kpaja crp." 22. HspeljaHO je Aocra pew, 
y kojhx je y nowrKy no A^a cymacHHKa , - - a aqtab cy 
y3HMaTe totobo caaio OHaKBe penn Koje HMajy y noneTKy canio 
jeAaH cyrjiacHHK, H3a Kora OAMax A0^a3n kojh MacHHK. — 
TaKO cy npBo H3a6paie pe i m , Koje ce noqnity ca cyrviacHH- 
unia: 6 j\, 6a, 6pB, 6pm, 6pn, bt, ba, hta, (h. np. 
6Ai-Hi-K ? 6ah-to, 6pa-Ba, 6pB-H0, 6pm-^flHt, 6pn-Ka- 

BH-na, BTOp-HHK'B, BAaCH, HTA-) 

Kao mTO cmo y 6yKBapy ByKOBom n ohom oa 1838. r. 
mmMai&An Ha penn , y kojhx je p MacHHK , TaKO hcto Ha- 
H./ia3HM0 h OBAe Ha TaKBe — y BennHH HCTe — penn , caMO 
y MHoro MaiteM tfpojy , jep cy H3adpaTe penn caMO oa jeAHora 
caora, a CBe BHraec/ioatHe HHcy y3HMaie. 

H3a thx penn A0Jia3e pasHe HMeHnne ocofae , h to npBo: 
HMeHa .tyAH h aieHa . 3a thm : HMeHa Bapomn , Ae-ioBa cBeia, 
pa3HHx ApaMBa jeBponcKHX , peKa n n/iaHHHa (hckhx Koje 
cy Ovinjue HaMa) , h to totobo CBe noAe.BeHO Ha caoroBe paA 
nHTan,a (no c/ioroBHMa). 

03a tforaior MaTepnja./ia HaMeaeHor 3a nnTaite (hoa OAe.t- 
kom: „IIpeAMeTH 3a HH'raae") oa cTp. 25. ao 50. AO.ia3H 
6yKBnna £>p3ohhchhx Be!aHKnx n Ma.inx c./iOBa (H3.i0JKeHa 
o6nnHHM peAOM, c R h ^ Ha Kpajy). 3a 6yKBHU,OM H3.io^eH 
je (oa CTp. 52. ao 58.) pa3HOBpcTaH MaTepnjayi, H3 Kora ce 
Aena ynosHajy, komko HMa (Ha dpojy) oa kot npeAMeia, 
KaKBe cy CTBapn (npeAMeTH) ho 6ojn, ho Be/iHHHHH, no 
o6.5HKy h no ApyrHM ocodHHaaia, nrra Koja 2KHBOTHH>a paAH 
h Apyrn MaTepnja./i 3a onpeAe-fcHBaae Mecra , npaBna h Bpe- 
MeHa kojoj paARH hjih nojaBH. 



EyKBAPCKA METOAUKA V CPBA 51 

H,pKBeHo-c.ioBeHCKH Aeo (oa crp. 65. ao 76.) H3^oseH je 
HeniTO apyKinje ho y AOcaAaitHM dyKBapmia , n3y3HMajyKn 
astfyKy , Koja je mB&eHa HanpeA yo6n^ajeHHM peAOM c HMe- 
HHMa nojeAHHnx c/iOBa (42 Ha 6pojy). 

12. 

IHto HHcau, OBor dyoapa HHJe acnpaBno y Ftejiy npn^n- 
kom npeniTaMnaBaHia oHaKO KaKO je AaHHynk pa3yiarao y cbo- 
joj peii,eH3HJH (oa 1854. roAflHe) — c kojom heaio ce noc^e 
yno3HaTH — to je Ha cBOJy KopHCT ynoTpetfno oAMax ao ro- 
AHHe IleTap HhhkobhIi y cBOMe „Ma^ioM cpdcKOM dy- 
KBapy, 3a I. Eoym&AEj Kjiacy, H3 Kora ce Hafttfpxe 
h HaajiaKHie y x in iHTaTH", — y Hobomt> CaAy 1855. 
roAHHe. 

HhhkobhK (OHaKO Kao hito Be^iH /l,aHH i int) a& je y mho- 
thm aycrpHJcKHM dyKBapnaia) orno i iHH>e y^efte dyRBHue „ca- 

MOMaCHHM CJlOBHMa", H TO CaMO OHHM HHCTHM KOJa /J,aHH«Hlti 

HaBOAH (a e u o y). Orra./ia „c,iojKeHa caaiorjiacHa c/iOBa" 
y3HMa MHoro Aonmije , (ca cbhm OHaKO Kao mro npenopy^yje 
AaHHiHh y noMeHyi'oj cbojoj peHeH3HJn). 03a ohhx (neT) r.i;n- 
HHKa Hacraje npaB^eite caoroBa h OMaH»nx pe i in noMohv CBHJy 
thx iviacHHKa h jeAHor HOBor „cyiviacHor caoBa" m, h. np. 
„Ma Me mh mo My, ai eM hm om yM, a-iio n-Ma o-Me 
y-Me mo-m H-Me mh-o y-MH Ma-Ma. 3a cyiviacHHKOM m ao- 
Jia3e ocnun cyiviacmmn obhm peAOM, „t, h, a, a, b, p, 
6, r , c , 3, k , n , 3K, m, u, , n , \\ , 1) h u , c HsiiMa ce 
peAOM i imhm cBe oho hito n ca caobom m, caMO — pa3yne 
ce — y MHoro Behoj Mepn npema 6pojy c/ioBa c KOJHMa ce 
TOHe pa3He KOMdHHauHJe. Hsa obhx 20 cyMacHHKa Ao^ia3e 
OBac/iOBa: Ah, hi», i, h. a, e, i, w, x, i|>, ait, eft. j u. 
om, ift, Lift, aft, 'lift, roil, ioft h t. h i., itoja ce TaKoije 
cnajajy na pa3He Ha i MHe, ho y mhofo Hansen (5pojy ho npnn 
cyryiacuHHH. (To je y KpaTKO MaTepnjaj oiwr 6yKBapa oa 1. 
Ao 16. crp. na 24-hh). Ho ihto cy ce yieHiiuu na raj Ha- 



52 ByKBAPCKA METOAHKA P CPBA 

•inn Moi.iii yiio3ii;iTii ca CBHMa (jijuum) ciOBHMa nauimi , H3- 
a-awm iim ce \\eMi oyKBHua Be^iuKMX h MaMx C40Ba 3ajeAH0 
c 11,11 \Mi:i!M iiaeHHMa. Hsa Tora jhoaum Heinio Mai/io MaiepH- 
ja.ia sa mrraite (y caMHM nojeAHHioi, peuia oa kojhx ce 
CBaKa noMHH^e Be./iHKHM mobom). 3a thm ao^<i3h HeniTO jeAHO- 

ClOHCHHX H ABOC/102KBI1X pe*IH , ) KOJHX je MOBO (iMHC) p 

r^acHHK (hjh sao into nacau HenpaBO Be-in: „uo.ayr.iacHO 
p u ). Ha noc/ieTKy je AOAaHO (oa dp. 19. ao 21.) Henrro 
Ma^io uarepHJayia (y nojeAHHHM peiHMa n 'iirraBHM peqeHH- 
naMa) c Kyp3HBHHM ciOBHMa , paAH Beaioaita a nperxoAHO je 
H3^oateHa ue.aa (JyaBHua thx caoBa. 

13. 

Hoc/ie tomko roAHHa Han.ia3HM0 Ha OjKBap c.inqaH OBOie 
HnHKOBaKeBOM, kojh ohcmo yBpcrn.iH HanpeA H3 HeKHx pa3- 
jiora , Aa My Hnje no cihiihocth nyiaHa ao KOMe je patjeH h 
no BpeMeay OBAe Menu To je „ByKBap 3a ocHOBHe 
mK0.ie y BH-iajeTy oocaHcKOM" (fflTainaH y Capa- 
jeBy, y BaaajeTCKOJ nrraMnapnJH, roA. 1867). 

Kao niTO Hnje y HnHKOBnka H3.iaraHa HanpeA ne.ia 6y- 

KBHUa HU y OO.IHKy Be/1HKHX hh y OCUHKy Bia^lHX ClOBa, TaKO 

Tora He Ba.ia-3HMO hh y Heno3Haxor HaM nncna OBora tfyKBapa. 
Hocae H3AoateBHx ner MacHHKa . : a , e, u, o, y, npaBe 
ce c;ioroBH n HeKO^HKe peiH noMohy cyiviacHHKa 6, 3a thm 
cyMacHHKa e, z, n a, h. np. 6a, tie, On, <5o, 6y, a-6a, 
6y-6a, 6a-6a, Ba, Be, bh, bo, By, hta. 3a thm ce npe- 
Ay3HMajy cyiviacHHnn peAOM no 6yKBHnn (a He ohhm peAOM 
Kao nrro je y HnHKOBHha) : at , 3 , j , k , a , Jb , m , h , it, 
h, p, c, t, ({), x, n, q, in, h, \), h u. CUoroBa 6es 
cMHcaa HeMa BHine , Hero oa cyiviacHHKa m no^niby penn oa 
ABa h TpH cjiora , h nernpn , nex , mecr , ao ceAaM cioBa. 
Koa cBHJy thx pe i m (oa crp. 1. ao 6.) naaieBO je, Aa hh y 
jeAHOM eiory He a<% ho ABa cyiviacBHKa jeAaH ao Apyror, 
Hero yBeK h^ih jeAaH cywiacHHK h jeAaH i\iacHHK h in no ABa 



BYKBAPCKA METOAUKA Y CPBA 53 

cyrjiacHHEa pa3AsojeHa joahhh oacBHKOM, h. np. y-ase, ra- 
3n (dp. ]). ja-uy-Ke, Ky-KO.L, (cip. 2), Mn-je-Ha, Ka- 
3aH, 6y-ra-pnH, (cip. 3), Ta-itnp, (np. 4). qaB-Ka, 
(J)H-meK (cTp. 5), hta- 

Hoc/ie peqn 6npaTnx no obom 3aKOHy , AOiiaae pe i m Apyre 
Bpcre (oa dp. 6. ao 9.). OHe niiajy no ABa cyrjiacHHEa jeAaH 
AO Apyror y cBOMe no^ieTHOM hjih HHaqe y koji Apyrosi c.iory, 
h. np. 6.aa-TO, 6pn-jer, Bpy-hn-Ha, (cip. 6), rBOjE-t>e, 
rHn-je-3AO, Apaai. 3bh-;kah> (dp. 7) hta- H3a oBaKBHX 
pe*m AOjia3e Kao n y uyKBapniaa Tanpn^a IIonoBntia pein , y 
Kojnx je Mac p MacHHK, h. np. xp-ite, (cip. 8), 6pK, 
npB. xpT, dpi, (cip. 9), hta. Ho y ^LiaHunna HaMeiteHDM 
3a OBaKBe pe i m Hnje ciporo naateno , a a y ^nua He 6yAe 
pe^n n oa Apyre pyKe. 3a to Met>y H>Hiia n Ha.ia3inio OBa- 
kbiix pe^in: crpa-Ha, 2£Apa.i, crpn-je-^a, y Kojnaia je p 
cyrviacHBK. 

JuBAe (ao CTp. 9.) cBe cy ce pe^n no i iniba,ie c aa.iiiM 
cdOBHMa. OAaT.ie Kao n y uyKBapy TaBpn.ia EonoBnha Ha- 
cTajy njieBBne ocodfle , n^in nHa^e Apyre peia soje cy (y uy- 
KBapy) ode.ieiKeHe y noieTKy Be.uiKUM cAOBHMa. Bstfop je 
naieHnna ocodmix (Hapowro HMeHa Bapomn , peita , semiajba 
hta.) noAemaBaH ca cbhm npeia uocaHCKOj Aen.n, t. j. y.'.n- 
Maia cy ni'.eHa cauio oocancKnx Bapoma , peita , n.iaHHHa h 
Ap. (TnMe He mhc/ihmo peKu Aa je inoop nix peia yjiecTaa 
3a Aeny npBora pa3peAa, Beti caaio to, Aa ce — Bpjio na- 
Mei'Ho — HHcy nemajie pe x m Koje Ea3yjy Bapomu. ii/iainine 
u 30M.Le Koje cy npeKO 6e^a cBeia oa cpncKe Aene y Cp- 
uujn h.ih Bochh). Obo Ma.io MaTepnja.ia, Kao h CBe AOTJie, 
ca cbhm je hobo y obom dyoapy. IIIto ce Time oct;i.iiix 
y.ianaiia, Kao: npuAOBa cnajaHix c iiMeHiinaMa, HapoAflax 
nocaoBana h Apyror MaTepnja.ia BaiiefteHor sa iBTaae (cBe 
oa CTp. 10. ao 16.), to je npoci'o npenacaBO (n.iii npemTaM- 
naHo) H3 tfyoapa TaBpn/ia IIonoBiilia . , BaporaTO aeroBHX 
Aoueiijiix HSAaaa. 



54 I.VK1SAITKA MKTOA'IKA V ( I'l.A 

II,|)Kiseuo-c./iui;<'iicKa je noyia TJiKolje npocT npennc H3 
„Cp(ScEonb 6yKitiip;i" TaupHyia IIonoBHliu, h to BeroBor 03- 
Aaii.a oa 1864. roA-, y KOMe neaia crape nocTynHOCTH y <in- 
T.'Mi.y. iimth nan cKpakeDHx pein ijpEBeHO-c/iOBeHCEHX. 

Jom MMano Aa iranoMeHemo, Aa jo obo npBH dyBBap, kojh 
je noc/ie ByrcoBor ; ,OivieAa cpncKora CvKBapa" urraMnaH ho- 

BHM IiaiUHM HpaBOUHCOM. 

Typon , kojh ey npe Hac AonycTiwii cpncKOj EBH3H , Aa 
ce AHiiie hobhm upaBonncoM, HHcy HHKaKO 6uj\e h 3a to Aa 
y h>oj HMa nrroroA H3 cpncKe HcropHJe. 3a to je H30craB- 
AeH 11 OHaj cyxonapHH cnncaK memi cpncEHX B./iaAa/iaiia, 
kojh ce Ha./ia3H y TaBpnyiOBOM tfysBapy. Ochm Tora Heiia hh 
dyKBnqe 6p30hhchhx cjioBa , Kojy cmo AOcaAa CByAa e&a&mak. 

B. KapaKTepiicTUKa u oneHa. 
1. npoMa'rpajyfiH y onnrre Hame oyEBape pafyeHe no chh- 

TeTHiIEOJ M6T0AH , Ha./ia3HMO , KaKO Cy CBH ILHXOBH HHCHH AP" 

ma.AH 3a Hajno'rpedHHJe , $,& ce Aena npBo h npBo yno3HaAy 
ca cbh Ma c/ioBHMa Hame dyKBnne. H Hnje hm Aocra 6haq 
niTO cy wsamhae no jeAHy dyKBHiiy, Bet cy TaBBHX n oa 
Bnrne pysy rhwj\hah ! TaKO KnnpnjaH Pa^aHim H3^aaie cpn- 
CKO-c^iOBeHCKy dyKBnny Tpn nyr, Op<l)e.flHH ner nyra, a y 
dyEBapy oa 1785. roA- E^Aomem je qerapn nyra. IIpBH je 
Co^apnfi kojh ce 3aAOBo.taBa ncnpBa caaio c H3JiaraH>eM 6y- 
Ksnne oa M3MX ca'OBa , ajm noc/ie rgwaeko crpaHa HaBOAH 
je n oh jom Tpn nyra. TaKO je pa^eHO h y mockobckom dy- 
EBapy oa 1824. roA-, y KOMe npBH nyr nocae CojiapHha Ha- 
^a3HMO h rpal^aHCKy dyonny nopeA npKBeHO-c/iOBeHCKe. Ho 
ByKy Kapannhy npBo je aodoo Ha nasieT , Aa Hnje noi'pedHO 
MyTOTH Aeny pasHHM dyKBnnaMa ApJKehH Aa hm je AOHCTa 
Aocra h jeAHa , 3a Kojy ce oh h HHaqe nocTapao Aa je npo- 
CTa. Ajih ce Ha iteroB npeA^or , R3AomR npodo h pa3roBeTHO 
y fteroBOM „Or./ieAy cpccKora dyKBapa", hhko cEopo 
Hnje ocBpTao. H nocae ByKa HSdaxy ce dyKBHne oa Bnrae 



ByKBAPCKA METOAUKA Y CPBA 5 5 

pyKy. TaKO je y 3opnha n PaAOBaHOBflha (roAHHe 1857. n 
1858.) H3.ioaieHa ynpaBO wmpn nyxa, y HcnAopa CTojano- 
Bntia 4Ba (rpn) nyr , y TaBpn^ia IIonoBHHa h Heno3Haxa Haa 
nncna dyKBapa oa roA- 1853. no ABa nyi. 

Cbh obh nncnn Apaie, Aa Majia A^na He Mory TaKO peKu hh- 
niTa oxnoqeTH (h. np. hh jeAHy pen npoHHTaTH n.in HanncaTH), 
AOK ce Aoopo He H3MyHe ynenn cBa caoBa peAOM, KaKo Be- 
jMKa xaKo n Ma.aa , KaKo mxainalia xaKO n dp3onncHa. /l,ena 
cy Hama no obhm dyKBapnMa nia^ia ywrn 29 — 40 n Bnme 
pa3HHX c/ioBa y jeAHOM od./inKy n to/ihko y ApyroM hta. Ba- 
.i>a;io hm je AaKJie 3anaMTH'rn rojinKa CJiOBa KaKo H3MeAajy 
y obom K,aKO m y ohom od/iHKy n KaKo ce y3 to cBaKO 30Be 
ear KaKo ce CBaKO H3roBapa. IIo^eM y obom noc/iy MOh pa3- 
Mnm.LaBaH,a Hnje ma^ia npn.mKe Aa hito paAH , to je jeAHHo 
naMTeae Aenaje HMa..io Aa ce Hanpejfie, e aa. dn y cBecTn 
ocra^ia ko/ihko tomko cra^Ha ciHKa o obom n ohom caoBy. 
Aa to Hnje momo 6hth de3 MHoror MexaHHiKor noBTopaBJin.a. 
He Tpe6a hh HanoMnitaTn. 

Komko HaM je no3Ha r ro, npBH je y Haraoj 6yEBapcK0- 
MeTOACKoj KftnaieBHOCTH ycTao npoTHBy Tora HeHa^nHa yno- 
3HaBaHa ca cioBHMa r. Td. AaHnmih , y cbojoj .,peHeH3njn% 
nncaTOJ noBOAOM OHor dyKBapa oa 1853. toa- KaKO je H>e- 
roBa KpnTHKa ncnpnyia totobo cBe hito dn ce o oboj CTBapn 
HMajio pekn, to neMo je H3./102KHTH OBAe, y komko ce Ha to 
oahoch. JKe-ziehn AOKa.saTn Aa .in he moKii Hama Aena ohhm 
„hobhm" CiyKBapoM Haymrrn Aa iuto npe HHTajy hm to HeKe 
Mohn naywrn, r. /l,anH"iHh H3^aate (Ha crp. 9. cBoje „pe- 
neH3nje") npBO, KaKo HMa dyKBapa „kojh cy TaKO ypeljcim 
Aa AHJe're KaKO no3Ha Koje c<iobo oam;ix wirra piije'iii <>,i, ohh- 
jex cjioBa Koje no3Haje, h. np. ahjoto Hajnpnje iinym ii3ro- 
BopHTH c/iobo o, no tom no3Ha k, na oAMax 'inra pnje i m: 
ko, oko, no tom naym HBroBopHTH caobo a, na OAMax 
wra He caMO noMeHyre Acnje pujcui Hero n : ok a. Rao, 

KaKO, KOKa" HTA. OBO mi r. /J,aHH l Jllli V CHHT6TH1K0J Me- 



56 ].M,i:\!'( i;\ .M 1. 1 i .,). IIKA J ri'l.A 

hi, 1,11 ii|M',i,i,r,Ki', AOHda je y n.oj najuo.i.e n jeAHHO j craity 
Aa o^aKina aohh cyxonapHO yieii.e ciOBa. Be/iaua je hctiihh 

ii;;|H"ir]i;i 3a TMM y OBHM Bpc/raiia ^aimilnheuHM : „Cb;ii,' MOffie 
.i;iciio uomhc/ihth , oko dn ce AHJcre paAouajio kjia 6h Ha- 
Y'liiiiiiui camo 'iciiipn c/ioBJi neli 3Hajio npoiHTaTH Tojunce pn- 
jr'in. Oho rin ce paAOBa./io sa to, iiito dn OAMax bhaJcio iuoa 
TpyAa CBojera, ii/ioa BeJiHKH, TpyAa Maaora, iuoa kojh 6h 
dno mhofo uaH>n oa dn dyoap dno thko ype^eH Aa AHJexe 3a 
oho BpnjeMe 3a Koje 6b momo Haynrni qmaTH unjo.ie pfljeiH, 
h.i ytii eaMO cAOBa H3roBapaTH. HIto kojh nocao 3aAaje BHine 
paAOCTH, — nrro ce BHine miwh oHoie kojh ra paAH, to 
ce (jpate cBpmyje; 3aio dn AJeua y i iehn wra-m Ha OBaj Ha- 
mhh . HayiBVia MHoro npnje Hero hr OHaj Ha kojh he ymrm 
H3 HOBora dyoapa. y HOBOMe dyKBapy Tpeda Ajena Hajnpnje 
Aa no3HaAy CBa caoBa , Be/ino n mayia , na he hctom onAa 
no x ieTH MH'raTH. y CiyKBHHH H,eroBoj HMa 37 cyioBa; k oBosie 
dpojy Ba&a AOAaTH naJMaite jom Tpn y nsie BejiHKHJex c./ioBa 
Koja ce pa3^HKyjy oa Majiiijex (A, E, E ; 3a caoBa Y, I, 
P pehn heMO Aa ce ./iacHo iory no3Ha r ni no MaMJeiia); Aa- 
Me y HOBoiie dyKBapy Tpeda AHJe r re Aa HayiM 40 caoBa aok 
uo i me i iHraTH. Ko^hko he Aaoe y paAitn cbojoj 6hth 6e3 0He 
paAOCTH Kojy dn My x iHTaH,e qHHHJio , oa My Hajnpnje Ba&a 
no3Ha.TH TOJiHKa caoBa ! H uo TOMe KoyiHKO he My paAH>a 6htu 
cnopnja!" Be^iHKH Aeo ycnexa y ihko^ickoj HacraBH 3aBncn 
Hapowro oa Tora , Aa ce AeTeTy oa CTpaHe HacTaBHHKa OMH.au 
oho ieM.y ra y^in , a to he ce AOCTnhn , aKO ce dyAe na3H.ao 
Aa ce naMhette Ae i iflje ho npeTOBapasa h Aa caMO Ae?e MOiKe 
caMOCTajiHO HemTO paAHTH mhm caMo jeAaH cTynaa npeKO- 
paqn. y dyKBapy pat^enoM no cnHTeTH i iKoj MeTOAH to dn ce 
AOCthmo jeAHHO Ha HaqHH , kojh OBAe npenopyiyje r. AaHHTOh 

H KOJH je — KaO IHTO OH H3pHK0M HaHOMHfte — y to BpeMe 

dno ycBojeH y CBnma dyKBapHMa aycTpnjcKHM , ochm OBora cpn- 
ckoj aohh HamefteHor. „y cBHia OBHJeM (H,eia^KHM, pycnH- 

CKHM, iieiHKHM, HO^CKHM. CpHCKHM — ./laTHHCKHM CJlOBHMa, — 



GYKBAPCKA METOA'IKA y CPBA 5 i 

KpaitcKHM n BjiamKHM) dyKBiipHMa Ajena y Be.inKe wrajy npaje 
Hero iiito no i my no3HUBaTH Be^HKa cioBa" (cip. 10). 

y.i;i3ehu Aa.te y caaiy ciicTeMy, no kojuj un Tpe6a.zio 6y- 
KBap paAHTH, r. /l,aHH i inti — n aKO (ca cbum dojm.mbo) „ho 
bhah Aocxa yspoKa 3a bito 6n OHaj kojh je paA Hayynin <ra- 
raTii xpeda^o Hajnpnje p,& Hay i in caMorviacHa cMOBa", Kao 
bito je to y HeMana — Ha^a3H Aa 6n Taj HaynH niiaK 6no 
Bp^o 3ro/i,aH. 3a cpncKii 6yKBap. Bho 6h 3roAaH 3a to bito 
y cpncKOM jesnKy nia cajio ne r r iviacHnKa (a, e, u, o, y) 
— He panyHajynn p — n hito cy th iviacHnnn „ca CBnjesi 
hhcth", Te nx je c Tora .lacHO H3roBapaTn. Ho ca cbhm on 
ApyKraje — pa3yaie ce — crojayia CTBap , oa Cm Aena mo- 
payia ywrn BHrae oao thx neT r.iacHHKa , Kao hito je y obom 
6yKBapy oa r. 1853: a, i, r b, e, io , h. To 6a 6iiao „Bet 
MHoro" sa Aenj, hhth je c Apyre crpaHe no'rpeoHO Aa croje 
obh „Ayn^iHKaTH n Ha30BH - caiaoMacHa cvioBa" npe <iHTaH>a, 
Kao hito croje y ,,HOBOMe 6yKBapy". HanoMHibyhn, && on in 
„Ayn^HKaTH" MacHHKa Morvin aobh qaK Ha Kpajy, hohito ce 
Ha H3JioaieHH HaqnH „no3Ha,ay ear CBa cyrviacHa cioBa n^n He- 
ko/ihko ftHx", r. /^aHHMnli ycTaje n npoTHBy cywacHHx c/ioBa, 
t. j. npoTHBy Tora hito cy h OHa HanpeA y oyKBHHH CBa Ha- 
pel^aHa. Kao hito cmo HanpeA h3^iojkhjih, y obom ce dyKBapy 
noc/ie nspefyaHe ugag 6yKBHii,e „y3HJia Aa Ajeua jom Heno- 
3Hajy oBHJex cioBa, Hero Aa 'rpeoa y hotoh,jim 'uaHimMa Aa 
ex y^ie raKo, Aa oko Koje nay i ie OAMax mrrajy pujemi ca 
OHHjeM cyryiacHHJeM oflOBHMa Koje Hayie.'* Ca cbhm ymecHO 6e- 
jieasiH to OBa peu,eH3HJa Kao „HenoTpe6Ho u n Kao „cMeTH>y", 
Koja je „to Beha urro je (y dyKiuiuii) itiiuie c/iomi (cBera 25 
ochm Be./iHKnjex h 3arpal)L'inijex) , Koja be Ajena yuirni npuje 
Hero nonHy warn" . . . „KaKBy he imam abjoto sopflCT 
hito he . . . iiosHa-ni n. up. ciobo m? IIo:uianiim ra na 6Tp. 
3., Behe m ra ca cBnjeii 3a6opaBirrn aokag Aofye ao crp. 14., 
rAJe he ra oner Hahn ? Hehe .in my r;i OHAa Ba^aTB oneT 
Ha hobo y'lirni ] - 



58 I.YKIiAI'i'KA Ml.lu.lHKA V CPBA 

H aKO bhcmo npncTaaime cHHieTHiKe MeioAe mh ycBajaMo 
hothyho, Kiiico 0He pas;iore kojh ce nporHBy ae HaBOAe TaKo 
mcto h oho dito ce oa CTpane r. Kpnnnapa oo n3JieHa y 
n,oj npenopy T iyje. I\ foamali je iiorao Kao <|)HJio.aor 

HMaTH h Apyrnx pa3.aora ihto je nopea orrayior yciao npo- 
THBy cAOBa : i , n bi , c/iOBa Koja c u HMajy jeAaH iviac ; ho 
mh HiiaMo j\,& o6e./iejKHMO itao yMecraH H,eroB pastor , kojh je 
oh ncKa3ao THMe hito „mhc/ih ,3,a HHje Ao6po idto ke y ho- 
Bouie 6yKBapy Hpnje cBBJy Apyrnjex c/ioBa Ajena yiHTH 
i, h, h*,... jep he 6hth „Bp;io MayieH uaoa kojh he AJeua 
onasHTH oa npBora Tpy^a cBOJera. Hay*iHBmH AJena xpn ho- 
MeHyra caoBa He he SHarn npo i iH'raTH hh ipn Maca, „Hero 
camo je^aH, a KaMO An Kojy pnje 1 !* (crp. 11)! 

nncau, oBora tfyKBapa oa r. 1S53 Hnje ncnpaBao -- He 
3HaMO sanrro — totobo HHiiiTa y aohhhjhm H3AaH,nMa -re 
Kttnre, Ha nrra My je obom ^peueHSHJOM" AOBO.tHa na&H>a 
odpafceHa. A^h hito je oh nponycTHO aohhajo yqnHHTH . to 
Hnje nponycTHO Heiap HhhkobhK THMe ce 3apaHnje BcTJahth, 
Kao hito cmo ce mol/ih yBepHTH H3 npeivieAa aeroBa dyEBapa 
(b. HanpeA hoa 12) oa r. 1855. Ty npBH nyr y caMOM 6\- 
KBapy bhahmo H3^oateHHX He,BHrae ho ner rjiacHHKa, kojh 
ce nocTynHO h npocTO cnajajy y pasHe c/ioroBe n oMaite pern 
Hajnpe c jeAHHM , na OHAa ca cBHMa cyiviacHHHHMa peAOM. Kao 
hito npeA^arame r. /J,aHH»iHh. THMe je Ha CBaKH HaqnH ckh- 
hj t t BeyiHKH Tepei c Ae^njer naMheH»a. 

Ko.ihbo HaM je mh^io, hito je ycieA 'reMe.BHTnx pa3Jiora 
r. AaHHiJHheBnx nodeAfl^o y HnHKOBHha oho hito je npocTHJe 
h ^aKine 3a Ae^jy naMeT h hito je Ha r raj Ha^HH momo ko- 

AEKO TOMKO paCTepaTH MpTBH^O H3 HaniHX IHKOJia , T0.1HKO HaM 

je c Apyre cTpa-He jom ata./iHJe, hito je to ocra./io caMO koa 
HaniHX HaymaKa. He MoraB crehn npHcryna y caMe niKO-ie. 
To.iHKa HOHaB.BaHsa H3Aan,a TaBpH.iOBHX uyKBapa 3a nyHHX 
19 roAHHa — nuasinaHa cy no CTapoM Kajyny, Kao j\,& ce 
nyiH Hnje qy^o 3a KaKBy nonpaBKy y o T ieBHAHOJ MexaMRHOCTi 



ByKBAPCKA METO/UIKA y CPEA 59 

eau 6am HaaiepHo HHje xieao hphmhth oho hito je no ce6n 
npocTHje h pannoHa./mnje. 1 ) CnpoTa Aena nrra cy OHa 6n./ia 
KpHBa, -re hm ce He A&Ae Aa ce y npBoj cbojoj khdHkhhe 
ynyre nyieii 3ApaBora pa3yMa h ^a ce Kopncre ohhm hito 
hm je wBewja naieT HaMeHH^ia 3a OJiaKmnny h paAOB.me y 
yqe&y ! 

CaMo cy epncKa Aeua y Bochh 6ea& cpeJiHa, re ce — 
HCTHHa no AOHKaH , a./in HnaK npe cboj'hx Apyrapa y CpoYJH 
— noieme ywrn H3 MHoro npocrnjer 6yKBapa , yAeraeHor 
OHaKo — h HemTO 6o&e — k<io ieto r. /l,aHn i iHFi npeno- 
pyqHBame. 

He3roAHo je 6eao 3a Aeny y i iehH tfyKBap h to, hito ce 
npaBonnc HHje Morao 3a Ayro yTBpAHTH, -re cy no jeAHOH 
HMa^a a,a yqe i no 50 a no ApyroM no 29 c/ioBa. KaA je 
hobh npaBonnc — A0Ka3aT HayEOM — aooho h 3BaHHMHor 
OBJiarafieaa Ha npaKTHKOBaite y CpdnJH, 2 ) OHAa cy n no M.iatje 
Hapamxaje cpncKe A^ne Hacrynn^e npn^iHKe HemTO noBo.tHnje. 

2. Ho HHje caiaa Hama £>yKBHiia — H3^araHa y „Heo- 
rpaHH^eHOJ " onmnpHOCTH — 3aAaBa./ia Aenn araoro noc/ia h 
MyKe, BeK hx je jom TeatH paA oieKHBao Aa^e y caiioai 6j- 
KBapy. Ty mhc^hmo Ha*iHH , oko cy ce yTOia nojeAHHa c.iOBa 
H3roBapaTH , a hcto TaKO ii wraBe pe'in „cpnnaTH". 

Ma c Koje crpaHe oKpe'ra^iH crBap no i ieTHora yqeita nu- 
TaH.a, HahH KeMO Aa wramy He aiome 6hth HHniTa Apjro 
ocHOBa ao rviac eae caobo (3HaK 3a iviac) hah — aKo HHje 
r,iac , a oho — h m e cAOBy. H3 H3AoateHor npervieAa bhah 
ce, a^ je y Hac 6ea& npBa h H;ij|i;iciipocTpaH>eHHJa mcto.vi 



') IIok. raBpn.io He Moase (5hth sa to niniiTa OAroBopaH. Il<> aa- 
BeAeHOJ upaKTimu y HanieM MimHCTapcxBy npocBexe 3a Aomuija 
ii3AaBaita iiiko.ickhx kh,iu;i tfpirae ce OHaso y3rpeA sac OBaj 
a iac OHaj "iiihobhiiu — no :5h;iiiumhoj AyatHOCTB. — IllKo.ieua 
KOMiicuja cajio ce 110 iieKii nyx 3anma: Aa -in 6h ipe(5a.io nrro 
MCftaru y obom uau ohom Ae.ay vita. 

2 ) 1868. roA. 



60 ByBBAPCKA METOAHKA F CPBA 

Koja je naiena ciOBa y3e^a 3a noyeiHO H3y<iaBaH>e iHTaii.a. 
KaKO no CHHTeTHiKOJ MeroAH aCpHuatoa" Tpeoa CBaKO caobo 
SBaTH no »»eroBOM HMeHy , Koje je TaKo a,raqko oa oHor Maca 
Koja Tpe6a Aa o6eAej&H y je3HKy h kojh Tpetfa Aa ce 113- 
roBopH y kojoj pe i in, Tatto „cpHij,aH.e a CAoroBa h pemi Hiije 

MOTAO HH MMO A&KO 6HTH. Y3MMM0 H. Hp. IieKOAHKO CAOTOBa 

kh, ?a. Bpii. Obh cy ce cpHuaAH oBaKo: „KaKO jepn' 4 — 
n to HHje 600 KaKOJepn Beh — kh, — — „kcii yi;' - 

— h to Hnje 6hao KcnyK BeK — ecj, — .,Hara pu.nja fc 

— h to HHje 6hao HampBHja BeK - - Hpja! Mcto je TaKO 
hiuao h cpnume pe x iH, h. np. „hokoj jeer pu,n oh* HHje 
6eao noKojjecTpi^noH BeKnepo, hah: „3eittA>a jeer mh- 
CAe r re a>jah ja Hnje 6hao 3eM A>ajecTMHCAeTeA>yAnja 
Beh 3eMJLa.') CTpaHau,, kojh He 3Ha Hamer je3HKa h HHcia 
He 6h HHKaA Morao aoKh ao 'rora , Aa noroAH hah H3roBopn 
peq Koja 6n my ce (ycsieHo) Ha oBaj Ha^HH cpnuaAa. — /l,a 
(memo caMH Ha kojoj crpaHOJ pe i in otagj\,rae HenpHpoAHOCT 
-rora „cpHB,aH>a", HaBemiieMO camo ABe pe^in: Schaf (oBua) 
n Vieh (croKa) Per „Schaf" cpnnaAa 6n ce — h cpnuaAa 
je ce 3a BAaAe cHHTeraqKe MeTOAe y HenaqKoj — OBaKo: 
„Ecii,exa a e(})", h to Hnje 6hao ecnexaae(|) Bet naij); 
a pen „Vieh" cpnuaAa ce OBaKo: „<|>ay h e xa", n to 
Hnje 6hao ijtaynexa Bet (}}fi. KaKO je MorAa Ae^nja nanieT 
Aa H3BeAe OBe pe i in hs ohhx MacoBa , to je c jeAHe CTpaHe 
AOCTa x iyAHO , a c Apyre hojma>hbo Aa Hnje momo 6hth 6e3 
Be.aHKor Haupe3aH>a naMhma. ^vaho je , KaKO ce Aewja nanieT 
MOMa pasdpaTH ycpeA ohoahkhx h oHaKBHx rAacoBa (niaeHa 
ciOBa) , KaKO ce AOBHJaAa Aa OA^aHH OHe kojh HHcy y H3roBa- 
paH.y noTpeden h Aa saApaw OHe kojh cy oa HOTpede! H3- 
oeAa Kao Aa cy ce Aena y<inAa Aa He Bepyjy ohom hito nsro- 
Bapajy h cbom yxy, Beii y x iHTeA>y, kojh chaom cBora noAosiaja 
3anoBeAa Aa ce OBaj CAor H3roeapa OBaKo, OHa pe i i OHaKO. 



') HeteMO HanoMHH>ara 11 oho AOcaAHO noBTopaBaae c/ioroBa npii- 
•/iiikom cpimaaa. 



BVKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA 61 

R.i Ta/i,affliter atHBO'ra ramacKor no3Haio je . Aa je MHoro 
a MHoro Aeue cpnua^o n OBaKo: „noKOJ pun caoBO TBepAO 
Ae6e.io jep = Kpcr" n ,,KaKo pun caobo TBepAO 
Ae6e^o jep' ~ B^acT* hta- — Hgko ce Ae're cajio mo- 
pavio BHrae n.in uiaae Aoceliam. Aa ce He Tpetfa noBOAnin 
3a cimhhm HMeHHMa c;ioBa , Bfti Kpahe H3roBopm'H peg. Apyro 
naK Aere oaboahm cy naieHa caoBa Ha ca cbhm Apyry n 
Tpefcy pe*i . Koja Hnje npeA h>um oue.ieseHa noja.ia. 

Hgkh hhchh Haranx 6yKB;ipa yBiit)a.in cy, KaKO ywie.Kn 
n Aena — Kao hjto pe i ie CoMpnii — 3aBeAY HeKH „ah- 
B.^aMKH pa3roBop ft KaA otho^hv „cpHn,aTH" no n3^oateHOM 
Ha i iHHy. Kojn je HenoJM.KHB OHosie ko ce no iteMy Hnje yqno. 
Hcto raKO Bjk je npeAJiarao, Aa ce to HaonaKO ..cpniime'- 
3aMeHn rjiacaH>eM ft . t. j. Aa ce oa cBaKor c/iOBa H3roBapa 
camo r./iac H>eroB . a He n nsie my Kao iuto je xxeo CoMpiin. 
Kojn — KaKO HaM ce i mHn — Hnje caieo cacBHM npeKHHyrn 
c oHAanmoM npaKTHKOM H3y T iaBiiH,a caoBa. Oh ynpano 3aAaje 
ABa xpn noc/ia , TpaiKenn Aa AeTe cBaEOM oa 42 ciOBa naMin 
n ooOihk h nuie n rjiac kojh y jesoy otfeaemaBa. 1 ) 

HajoAcyAHnje , peon 6iicmo . ycrao je npoTircy MeTOAe 
„cpnnafta" HcnAop CrojaHOBHh. n aso He npnn n ca cbhm 
opnrnHa./iHO. OrojaHOBnn je noraao Bykobhm Tparom. MeTOAa, 
no kojoj je H.eroB dyKBap paljeH , Hnje y cynrruHn nona. Hobo 
je y H,oj — 3a Haiuy dyKBapcKy jieTOAHKy — to . mro ce 
CBaKO c/iobo ynopet>yje c kojom c.iipihom (Jjhsjbieom CTBapa 
(hjih nojaBOM), na3efiH npn tom ..aa y umphh ynopel>eHe CTBapa 
ctojh y no i ieTKy oHaj r.iac i;ojn OAroBapa cioby Koje ce yno- 
pet^yje c ohom CTBapn. OrojaHOBiih iicziaate y cbom GyKBapy 
MHoro Ha to ynopel>HBaH.e. To ce khaii ii 03 OHor nieia 
„tiyp i mjcKor Kayi<pe'\ y kom ce OBaKo pas-aaace: .. Ka.x'i. aaci 



') TiiKO je 611.10 HeKaA h y HeniaiKOJ yi'.ic.i una mro cy npncra- 
.nine jreTOAe ..r.iacaii.a" iin'U'.iii y TOMe npeTepHBam, to mhoih 
cTapiijn vmiitc'Lh — in 1 •.iiaiyliii Koje je 6o*e — imvmii.iu cy 
,U'ny ii c jcAiuiJi ii c Apyruir. 



62 >; ■ K\ >m toahka y cpba 

e H;iri;ii:iiiil,|, yii'o , 4a D03HaM0 CjIOBO 3, O3a0 HaML e, ^a 

oho n3ivieAa kro 3 m i ii , h Aa y nncaHio npeAcraBHMO ce6n 
3Miw oko ce caBHJia, na ^a ra sHamo HeivieAaiohH Ha niTnny 
uaiiMcaTH, h Kasao miML e, #a ce to c/iobo H3roBapa 3 Tb, 
Eoe heMo Aa HaM'j. hhko He Kaate. casHaiB no npBOMT> Ma- 
cnhy y pe i in 3 id a hta. Eo^ihko HaM'L e obhml HannnoML 
.laKDie 6hjio 3aApffiaTH y naaieTH He caMo mvAexb cBaKort 
caoBa , ho h hltobl r./iac ? — Maoro jiaKme Hero ais ohoml, 
kofl cy yiHJin , Aa ce , 3a npHM'ipL HaBeAeHo c/iobo , 30Be 
3eMyia. A 3aniT0? 3a r ro, niTociora: 1 ymaH HanncaTH, h 
3a obo BpeMe Mopao e hltobl H3MeAL Bete y naiiera oc- 
Tain Hana , Hero avl ohoml , koh ra e caMo CMaipao ; 2 hito 
HaMT, e ywreJiL oAMax 3a tliml Ka3ao npaBLifl hltobl i\iacL 
(3l) koh hrml e y iiHTamo HyjKAaHL , a hhs ra noMemao h 
3an^eo cl ApyrHML HenoTpe()HLiML oacoBHMa: (3)ghar; 3. 
hito je ynoAof>yiaBaioiiH to ciobo 3Min , CBe3ao y naMeTH Ha- 

HIOH HLTOBL H3MeAL CL HTTOBHML TMCOWb , Ha MHML CMO 

BHAH./1H ear Hannca^H 3, nao HaML e Ha naMeiL h hltobl 
MacL (3l) 3^or npBorL MacnJia y penn 3 Mia, koh e no- 
AoCma H3MeAy ciOBa (3); a hhml cmo HyM MacL 'rora c.ioBa 
(3), nao HaML e Ha naiteTb h hltobl H3ivieAL 36orL hcto- 
MacHorL nowro y penn 3Mia; OBa naKL pe i n> cl ohmml 
hito 03Ha^aBa , onoMeHy.ia 6u Hac/L Ha hoao6obhaho c.iobo 
(3) Koe 6b\ HanHca./iH." 

HMa Aocra HCTHHe y oboj (Moate 6hth npBOJ) Hamoj MHe- 
MOHHnn. Ob,i Hac MHeMOHHKa OrojaHOBHkeBa onoMHfte Ha c.iH<me 
nojaBe y 6yKBapcKoj MeTOAHHH HeMaqKOJ. y HeMaqKoj — Kao 
h y Hac — HajcrapHJa h HajpacnpocTpaaeHHJa MeTOAa dn.ia je 
CHHTeTHHKa. OHa je 6n./ia y qacTH cBe ao HajHOBHJer BpeMeHa, 
a HMa h AaHac Aocra y HeMamtoj cbojhx npHCTajinna. Ho 6op6a 
npoTBBy ie Mei'OAe sano^eia je y KiLHateBHOcTH AaBHo h Aa- 
bho. Johi y npBoj ho^iobhhh 16. BeKa (1529. toa.) ycrao je 
npBH npoTHBy H>e ywre-L Ba^ieHTHH HKe^caMep AOKa3y- 
jyJiH KaKo je mhoto npnpoAHHJe Aa ce wraH>e OTnonniLe no3Ha- 



ByKBAb"CKA METOAUKA Y CPBa 63 

BaiteM (yqeiteM) uacoBa kojh ce y kojoj pe^H Hajia3e. Ca 
cbhm ocHOBaHO oh je pa-saarao , KaKo yieHHK moaie Aa Hayra 
wrai'H a Aa He no3Haje jom hh a hh 6 hh e hta v t. j. oh 
MOJKe Aa wra a Aa ne bhah c/ioBa npeA codoai, jep 3Ha (no 
ihto Hay^a) komko iuacoBa HMa y oboj ko^hko y okoj pe^H. 
ie H3 rjacoBa Mome Aa cacraBH (npowra Ha namer) oby eau 
OHy pey. Ochm Tora Tpeda Aa HanomeHeMO KaKO je HKeyicaaiep 
npenopyqaBao Aa y AewjeM dyoapy nia ciHKa oa ohmx jeh- 
BOTHH.a Koje A^Te Bntja cBaKH AaH oko cede , na nopeA CBaKe 
CJiHKe Aa ctojh no jeAHO c/iobo, kojhm he ce ode./iejEHTH ko- 
aew Moaie BepHHJe npnpoAHH iviac OHe atHBoinfte oa Koje je 
a/mo y dyKBapy. TaKO h. np. roBopame oh: nopeA ciukc 
„K0 3a" HeKa ctojh c/iobo e, jep ce thm ciOBoai (Macon) 
ode.iemaBa oBtraje MeKaae; nopeA c/iHKe „nceio'' HeKa 
ctojh cioBO p (jep ncexo peata), nopeA cvinKe .,Bpadan' ; 
HeKa ctojm c^obo ii, (jep Bpadan, uppity he) hta. 

Hoc/ie HKe^caiepa Han./ia3HMO y 18. BeKy y Hejia i iKoj 6y- 
KBapcKoj MeTOAHnn Ha MHoro cviHMHHJy nojany c MHemomiKou 
CiojaHOBHtieBoii. JeAaH nncan dyKBapa y3eo je xaKO^e c/iHKe 
y dyoap h nopeA CBaKe craBHo no jeAHO ciobo , na3elin Aa 
to dyAe de^iejKH^o npBH iviac OHe pe^n Koja Ka3yje map 
oa Koje je c^HKa y dyKBapy. TaKo h. np. nopeA c/iHKe ,,nefi a 
craBHo je c/iobo u, uopeA cinKe „cpn a ciobo c hta- Ha 
obo komko je Ha^HK OrojaHOBnheBa MHemoHHKa , jom BHrae 
A]i i m AaHaniH.H Ham (HaJHOBHJn) dyKBap ca CMEaMa . _v,ieineH 
no aHaviHTHqKo-cHHTeTHqKOj MeroAH. H>eny heno tobophth 
y ApyroM 'MaHKy. 

HanoAeiiH 0Be aeheocte H3 HenawKe tfyKBapcKe kh»b 
hocth, He mhc.ihmo hh H3Aa./ieKa naroBecTHTH, Aa ce Hani Hch- 
Aop OrojaHOBHh Ha Heaine yivieAao cacTaB^ajytn cboj ..op- 
soy Kin dyKBapi>.' % l ) 



') Mii heaio HanponiB ApnycniTii. .ia je ro aeroBO opiint 
Aeao, aok ne6n icoroA y KftHaeBHOcm aojei (ii. up. pycttor) 
aapoAa liaimiao na ca cbhm iioa.H' ihuk u.m cyBum 



6 1 liyKHAl'CKA METOAHKA .V CPBA 

IIiiHKuiiiili , koj'h je MHoro nrra ncnpaBHO, Ha nrra je r. 
J.aiiii'ml. CBOJOM „pen.eH3HJOM" npCTOM )Ka:;ao. 3aflpatao je 
H3roBapaH.e worn no h>hxobjkm iuieHHMa. Oh y npeAroBopy k 
cbom ..Mji.iom fpncKOM tfyKBapy" npenopyqyje yqn're.i.iiMa #a 
Aeny o6aBecre , „khku ce oa caraacHHXi 11 npocTHXi. caMO- 
r.iacm.ix'i, caoBa caMO npBH 3 b y ij, 11 y cpHnaHH) ysHMaio, h. 
np. Ofljb caoBa .,uvkh" y3ima ce camo 6^, 041, ,,1; i, r i,u "•• 
Bi, oat. .,r.iaro,ii>'- camo ri> hta, n KaKO ce „c.ioateHa caMO- 
r.iariia: a, e, 10, aao e^am. 3ByKi> y cpimaHio ynoTpefoa- 
Baio: aA'fc, 6K?., wr r t." Ho noqeai n can yBnfya, 4a obo 
upaBn.10 He Moate Baaurrn 3a cBa HMeHa caoBa , to HaBOAH 
H3)'3eTKe oa Hera 3a c.iobo h , t , ji , n e. TaKO h. np. 3a 
caoBo t, obo Be^in: „t>, (at), Baffin y KH>naieBH05ir. e3HKy 
Kao eh, (a He Eao an), Taso: a^'-to, h. up. wra ce aq-ao, 
a He A>i--io, bt>kt, qnia ce B6KT> a He bsei*" iita. H obo 
Haie3aH)e n Kpnapeae, Koje je 'rano He3roAHO y .,cpnn.aH>y" 
n qnTaay, HHJe moivio 3a tojihko Bpeie .lyAHMa otbophth 
om Bnaie ce c/iyanme HeAOTynaBmra n3roBapaH>en ciOBa no 
nueHHJia, a He XTeAome ycBOJHTH HannH ^iMacaaa" Kao je- 
AHHn npHpOAHH h HaJKpahn nyr y H03HaBaH.y caoBa n qn- 
Tan>y. EIoje/i,HHH — Kao ByK h OrojaHOBnfi — npenopyiHBaxy 
Ha^iiH .,r.iacaiia", e #a 6n ce Aenn y hcthhh OM-Kinao paA 
nowmor yqeiba: ho BehnHa xepanie CTapa m.aeHApnjaH, Kojn 
ce reK 1862. r. yKHAe 3BaHnqHO y Cponjn, — Aa .1' CBy^a 
n y npaKTHHH no niKOJiaMa , to Hnje mko noroAHTn. 

3. HyAHOBaioj CHCTeMaTBraaocTH npnaHKOM yno3HaBaita 
c.ioBa u He.iornqKOM paAy y BraroBapaay cioroBa n pe i m npn- 
Apyffin.ia ce y cflHTexnqKOJ aexoAH n Tpena MaHa , Koja je 
jeAHHa — u a<i HHJe 6eao Apyrnx — (ma y CTa&y, Aa y 
Aene cacBHM y6nje Bo,ty npema kh>h3h. Ty mhcjhmo oho He- 
nperaeAHO Mope decmnc/ieHnx n Aenn 3a H3roBapaite He.ia- 



ii3boa KBiiseBHu Kao 111T0 je OBaj C'TojaHOBiiteB. C'Boje noinTo- 
Bait>e He Moreno HiiKano o-Apeku TpyAy CiojaHOBuLeBy. kojh ce 
or.ieAa y cbukoj Bpcui H>ero-Ba OyKBapa. 



ByKBAHCKA METOAHKA y CPBA 65 

khx czioroBa. Kao ihto ce Apaiajio a& ce Mopajy H3ywrn npe 
cBera cBa c;ioBa oa jeAHe hjih e Bnme dyKBnna , hcto ce raKo 
mecaeao , Aa je noTpedHo npoHakn cBe Moryte c/ioroBe y Ha- 
meii je3HKy, na hx — Kao Henrro Hajn3BpcHnje — cTaBHTn 
Ha npBo MecTO nocie dyKBnne. A.ih Aa ce caMO 3annTaMo, 
KaKBe je yume xpaHe Moivia Hakn Aeinja naneT y oBOMe: „pa, 
pe, pn, pi, pn, po, p«, pi, pro, pa", eae: „ap«, cjia, 
dpn, xpa, -e-po", blah: „CKpe, CKpon, CTpn, cipio, 
CTpa?" Je ae obo 6eao 3a to, Aa Aen,a — nrro peKao je- 
AaH — »J aqa Jy AyxoM?" IUTa je MOMa Ae^nja naMex /j,a 
mhc/ih wrajyhn e Ha rjiae H3roBapajyhn OBaKBe cioroBe? 
Hnje ae ce obhm HannHOM aqtq e HexoTHiHO ynujio, ^a He 
mhc/ih dam HHm'ra KaA *iHTa cboj dyKBap? A n KaKBa 6e My 
Baj/i,a 6ea& , hito 6e mhcmlio Henno HHTajyLn OHe decMH- 
CAEE.Q ? Kojihko je Morao ycneTH y i inTe.s> , kojh je Ty HecBap- 
jbEBj yiiHy xpaHy odjam&aBao n. np. TaKo Kao Aa to Tpeua 
AOHHHJe y T iHTaBHM peiHMa ? — HaMa je no3HaTo , Aa je dn.10 
Aen,e Koja cy dH.ia y crafty Aa OHaKO nerpi'a^cKH — t. j. 
BHine neBajytii e caMO 6p3o, a HHKaKO o6hhhhm MacoM n 
nojiaraHO — H3roBope Ha naMeT no hokojihko CTpaHa TaKBnx 
c/ioroBa h penn H3 dyKBapa H3 Kora cy ce yqniiH. Obo je 
AOBO/baH AOKa3, a,& ce y^HJio HHm'ra He Miic/iehn. H cajia 
je CHCTeia yB/iaqn./ia y eikoaj mexaHH3aM n nanarajcKo Tp- 
T.LaH>e. Jep niajy ae KaKBa CMHcia hoa doatnjnM cyHueji 
obh CAoroBH: „jiry, Hpa, npro, Hide, ckbo, chjuo, cTpi, 
CTBy" hta? He H3MeAajy ae amBOTHH>cKH rviacoBH - mi'o 
peKao jeAaH MeTOAHiap — Kao aH^eocKn roBop , Kao HBehe 
oa roBopa , cnpaji OBaKBnx dyKBapcKHX rpaiua ? 

3aMHcyinM0 caaio Aeny ma^y , Koja cy hctom Aonuia oa cbo- 
jhx Kyha, Bece^a n BeApa, y mKo^y 3aTBopeHy Aa ce y^e kh.h3h 
h yMHOMe paAy. OcraBHMo Ha crpaHy , KaKO cy ce y ihkojih cy- 
cpe'rajia MaxoM c HaMpmreHHM nomeAOM y cBora HacTaBHHKa 11 
c npy-roH y pyun My (kojh je Bpjio Ajro (faro Hepa3ABOjaH oa 
yijeita), na npeAcraBHMO cedn oho ymho :uon'an.i.«iii.e, oho 

r.v\cniiK xxxviu. 5 



66 ByKBAPCKA METOAUKA 1' CPBA 

tfecBecHo MpAaae ycaHa Ae i injnx , - hhg he ah Haai oHAamiba 
cpnco mKO^a nsivieAaTH Kao HeKH my3ej nyH jkhbhx ayroiiaTa? 
- HTra 6h pa^oH OApac/iH JtyAH hjih caMH ohh kojh cy nn- 
ca^H xaKBe tiyicBape , Aa je (jhjio Kora , kojh 6h ilex AP^ao y 
hikom 3aiBopeHe tojihko aiecenn, cBattn a^h no hoko^hko ^a- 
coBa , npe h noc/ie noAHe , koa TaKBHx yyaie^a , na Aa Hnnrra 
Apyro He paAe ho Aa 3a cbojhm „y i iHTe^eM" H3 AaHa y AaH no- 
BiopaBajy 0He c/ioroBe: ,,iBa, nBe, 1 ibh, <jbo, t ibv. mb^"? 
KaKO je join npBH Ham dyoap oa 1717. r. oAnoneo 
6e3MHCvieHHM cjioroBHia : 6a, 6e, 6h, 6o, hta, ear: ba&, 
baq, bar, hta, 'raKO je npoAyjfieHo y Be^iHKoj Mepn y Op- 
(})eyiHHa, y ohom 6yKBapy oa 1785. r., y Coaapuka hta. Co- 
Jiapflh je y ocrajioM y3HMao caMo oHaKBe cioroBe 3a Koje je 
3Hao Aa AO^ia3e y pe^HMa qnci'ora cpncKor je3HKa , a Opc|)e- 
arr ce Ha to HHinTa HHJe ocBp'rao. ByK Kapaprk H3Hjia3H 
npBH c HajyMepeHHJOM KO^HinHOM caoroBa h to b^ao npocTHX. 
Ho Kao mTO ce nnciiH Hamnx dyKBapa HHcy hh y ApyroM 
3a Ayro yweAajiH Ha ByKa , TaKO hh OBAe. ByKBap IVinro- 

pHJa 3opHha H II. PaAOBaHOBHha EHHTe oa charrx cyioroBa 

(6\fiH3y 900 y jeAHOM dyoapy). Totobo je hcto TaKO h y 6y- 
KBapy TaBpHJia IIonoBHha, H3 Kora cmo ce mh to^hkh npBH nyT 
yno3HajH ca cpncKOM Kn>HroM. IHto je Hchaop O.TOjaHOBHh 3a- 
Apffiao TaKot)e cioroBe (5e3 cMHcia, nnje nyAO, jep je to OHAa 
6rao HeniTO TaKO pehn Hensdeamo ; ho y itera Heuia MHoro Ta- 
kbhx c.ioroBa , a ochm Tora oh je ce h oa Apyre pyKe TpyAHO 
Aa to ipTBHyio ojkhbh. IIopeA cHHTe3e npn6eraBao je nemne 
h aHayinrnnKOJ mctoah. H Ty je CTOJaHOBnh npBH y Hamoj 
6yKBapcKoj mctoackoj m&njKeBHOCTn. Hnje AP^ao Aa je ao- 
boaho mTO ne ce yneHHnn H3Be^6aTH y camBAa&y c/ioroBa n 
penn hs nojeAHHHx caoBa; na 3a to je npenopy*iHBao (cTp. 
11 — 13. „Bp3oyKor £>yKBapa") Aa ce nopeA Tora yieHnnn 
Beffidajy h y pacTBapan,y penn Ha cioroBe (cTp. 24 — 28).') 



') 36or OBe siemaBime mh He MoaceMO Ha CBaKH Ha*mH o5e.ieaii[TH 
jieTOAy CTOJaHOBirLeBor 6>KBapa Kao miicto ciiHTeTiiiKY. Ho 



BVKBAPCKA METOAHKA y CPBA »J7 

y nncua tfyKBapa oa 1853. r. Hema HCTHHa oho.?hko h 
OHaKO HecnpeTHHx c/ioroBa Kao y tteroBnx npeAxoAHno, a.in 
hx nnaK HMa y npn^nyHoj koaevere, cajio y hobom HeKOM 
o6aekj. *lyAHO je , KaKO cy .iyAH wegaeae , Aa Hiniera npe- 
qer Heia ho yno3HaTH Aeny c obhm: in, hi, yfi, eta., eae 
c: on, oe, 00, oa, 010, ya, yn, hta, caMO 3a to, hito y 
HeKHM h HeKHM pe^iHMa Hamera je3HKa HMa Kao dajarn n 
TaKBHX rjiacoBa (c/ioroBa). 

T. /l,aHH T iHH, kojh je h c Apyrnx CTpaHa OBaj GyKBap 
npexpecao, Hnje nponycTHO H3pekn cboj cyA h obom Ma- 
HHpy cHHTeiH i iKor MeTOAHiapa. Oh je y3eo HaJBHnie Ha oko 
cipaHy H3roBapaH>a thx raacoBa (caoroBa) , na bqae y cbo- 
joj peHeH3HJn: V Y qjiaHKy 3. Ha cip. 2. (tfyoapa) yqe AJena 
TiHTaTH cBaKo caMOMacHO mobo ca caobom ii , h tom je nocay 
h>hxob nowraK: iii, Biii, no tom AO^ia3n : yn, hta. OBAJe 
Ba.ta 3anHTaTH: xone 11 ce ii, y in, h hh H3roBapaTH, 
Kao hito ce H3roBapa h. np. y yfl, eae ce He he HHKaKo 
H3roBapaTH, Kao hito ce He H3roBapa h. np. y Be.iHKiii"? 
Ako he ce H3roBapaTH, OH^a je Be^inKa norpjemKa hito cy 
Hajnpe CTaB&eHa AJeTe'ry Aa H3roBopn OHa caoBa Koja je Haj- 
Teaie H3roBopnTH; aKO ae c/iobo 3 He Tpetfa H3roBapaTH, 
oH^a je oneT norpjemKa hito ce AJeTe'ry OHAJe rAJe Tpeda Aa 
y^iH H3roBapaTH no ABa caoBa CTaB.^ajy TaKOBa , Koja ce He 
H3roBapajy, na jom Ha npBOMe MJecTy." — Eoc/ie OBaKBnx 
pa3Jiora KpnTH^apeBHX nana je AoncTa HenoJM.LHBo, KaKO 
je nncan HCTor dyoapa Morao ocTa'rn paBHOAymaH, n npii.111- 
kom AonHHJer H3Aan»a hc nonpaBHTH oho Ha hito je peneH3uja 
npcroM yKa3a^a. Ako je Apa&ao Aa ohh MacoBH AOda3e Ma 
y Kojoj cpncKOJ penn, na Aa nx c Tora Tpeoa npe cBera 
y win , OHAa je Ha cBaKH Ha^iHH mhciho a<i Tpeoa rpaADTii 



Kano aHa;iii3a y H.oj Hiiuira ue npeB.aat>yje, 11 KaKO je y npBOM 
paAy H03iiaBaH>a caoBa n cacTaB.taH>a c.ioroBa 11 pera npoBe- 
AeHa cnHTe3a, to cmo iuiaic y npaBy, hito panynaMo „Ep3oyKifl 
6yKBapi>" y BpcTy ciiiiTeTiiiKe mgto.v- 



68 liVKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA 

Aeon cinema h oHAe r^e 6h ce momo 6e3 ibhx npohH. Oh 
je cBaKy pe^i (oa crp. 4. ao 24.) agmo Ha c/ioroBe. Aeua 
yietiH T iHTaTH niaajy ^a H3roBapajy CBaitn c./ior ihcto sa ce. 
Ha ihto hm je ^aoe My^iTH ce y 3acef)HOM H3roBapaH>y OHora 
ihto ce 6e3 MyKe y wraBoj pe™ /i,aje H3roBopHTH? Ochm 
Tora mh hhcmo Hanm^H HnrAe y CiyKBapy Ha pe^n, y Kojnaia 
oh 6eao jeAHO p,o Apyror oBaKBnx caoBa: ee, oo, a a, iok), 
&&, hta. Painra cy OHAa HaBofyeHa? 

Moate ce mhcjlhth , p,& je to cBe 6eao 3a jbj6a& HeKe ao- 
c^e/),HOCTH y cncTeMH , Koja mhcjh a& joj Ba.'La ncnpncTH CBe 
MoryLe KOMdnHannje ciOBa y c/ioroBHMa h pe^HMa; an Ta 
Hay^Ha aocaeAHOCT HeMa HHEaEBor aieTOACKor pa3.aora; 3a to 
je 3a Ma./iy Aen.y H3JiHinHa h mKOA^HBa. J ocTa^oM mh obhm 
HekeMO Aa KaaieMO a& je CBaKa nocTynHOCT HSMnma y Be- 
mTHHH Hsy^aBafta qnTafta, Kao ihto je mhcmo nncaij 6y- 
KBapa oa roA- 1856. (bhah HanpeA hoa 5. Ha Kpajy) npe- 
nrraainaHor sa npBy no^iy H3 MOCKOBCKor dyraapa oa 1824. 
r. Ty ce CBe npHnpemafte 3a qnTaae cacrojn nocae dyKBHije 
y HeKOiiHEHM cjioroBHMa c ABa Tpn caoBa; OAMax ce 3a thm 
npejia3H Ha qHTaite ^HTaBnx peqeHHH,a, Kao: H3peKa, npn- 
HOBeAaKa, (JacaHa hta. (oa CTp. 8. ao 81.). OBaKO Be^iHKe 
HenocTynHOCTH hhcmo HHTAe BHnie Hanum, hh y paHHJHM HE 
y aod,hhjhm 6yKBapnMa. OHa ce He A^je hh c hhm — c Me- 
AHfflTa cHHTeTH^Ee MeTOAe — onpaBAaTH. He 3HaMO , KaKO 
je Morao nncan, Tora H3AaH>a npeTHOCTaBHTH , a& te Aen,a — 
x ihm Hayqe „cpHnaTH" HeKy CTOTHHy HarpfyeHnx caoroBa — 
mohh OAMax npekH Ha „ynpaxHemfl ^iHTaHa", t. j. Ha TiHTaite 
y cBe3H, Kao ihto aohoch co6om npnpoAa upn^a, aiHBOTo- 
HHca h ap- 

Hhhkobhh ce x r reo kophcthth peHeH3HJOH r. /^aHHiniia, 
sljie — Kao ihto kesio Aa^e bhagth — otfireaj je Ba^Aa jaqi 
oa aeroBe BOyte h ^e^e. TaKO oh cam Be.an y npeAroBopy 
cBor 6yKBapa.(cTp. VI.): „J\,o caA cy Aeua Mopa/ia Haflnpe 
CBa caoBa Ha HIthhh yqiTH 6e3T> ynoTpe6./iaBaHa (an./iHHH- 



EJ'KBAPCKA METOAUKA V CPBA 69 

pa&a) hbhxobofl, noc/ie y dyKBapy Ha hobo noeAHHay 

HpOCTHMI) C/lOrOBHMa , H TO Ha BHffle MT.CTa, TaEOBHHI) C.10- 

roBnaia, KaKBHxi y Hameii) e3HKy Heaia, Kao hito cy: kbt,, 
jkb'b n t. a- Home c y A^na caiio fflTHHy H3yin./ia , npom/io 
e no ho' ro^HHe , a koa'b caadie A^ne n wraBa roAHHa ; ao- 
Me cy naK-L HaynHM necTHTo cpanaTH , nponua e Apyra ro- 
AHHa. TeraoMT. h npaBH./iHOMi) iiHTaHio He cmt» ce HHniTa hh 
cnoMHHaTH ; epi no3HaTO e CBaKonrB , koh e cpdcKe nopsiayiHe 
nreojie yqio , Aa e y HLHMa koh 4 , koh h 5 roAHHa npony- 
CTio, a HHurra Apyro Hie Hayrio wraTH, ao caMO cbos *m- 
TaHKe (nac/ioBHa, nca^rapa h t. a-) n to aohat,, AOK/ie e 
&b HHTaH'tMi) y hiko^h Aomao. HapaBHO e, Aa ce niiTaHT, 
pafya , mTa e TOMe y3poKT> , hito A^na 3a to^ihko BpeieHa He 
Mory Aa Hayqe qecTHTO cpnnaTH h HHTa-rn ? — Ho MOMt mht,- 
Hiio h yBipemo owh ce HnytieMi. Apyrous He Moase Tpaasnin, 
Hero y HenpnpoAHOMT), A&KJie n OTejE^aHOMi. Ha^inHy 
odynaBaHa, koh y HamtiMT. Hopia./iHBiM'B niKO-iana B.iaAa, h 
y TOMe, hito A^a He pa3yaiy, hito cpnqy h HHTaio. h no 
TOMe HHKaKBe paAocrH y CBoie noc/iy He Ha./ia3e." 

Aa.Le (cTp. X.) y cbom npeATOBopy pasjiaffie , KaKo Hnje 
AOCTa, a^ »Afrre y dyKBapy yqn cano dp30 cpnnaTH n *ffl- 
Tara"; BeK „oho Tpeda Aa ce ynyTH n a& mhc^h." „A a& 
to Moate , Tpeda — Bejin — Aa pasynrfc , mTO cpnie n HHTa. 
Ha Tan cy KOHan,?. oAMaxi) ct> noHema tfyraapa c/ioroBH koh 
HMaio 3HaneHT>, a Ha nnme MtcTa n qnTaBe iinc/in ynoTped- 
jiaBaHe. " 

CBe je obo ca cbhm Ha MecTy, mb. je cauio pfyaBo, hito 
can HkhkobhIi Hnje Ha to CBoje nocTaB&eHO Ha^ejio na3no, 
Bet y cboj dyoap Tpnao h Tarae penn (md c/ioroBe) Koje 
HeMajy HHKaKBa „3HaneiBa" y *ihctom cpncKOM jesnKy. TaKO h. 
np. Ha CTp. 5. dyiwapa croje hoa OAe.Mtoai i OBaKBe pe*in (?) 
(caotobh): „Anr, pnr, hot, adt, dor, bot, ror, Byr, 
pyr, mer, Ter, Her, der, Aar, Bar, thm, tom, roA. rod, 
rop, ryM, ryA, ryB, ryp, ryr, raT, raji hta. Ha Bnme 



70 uysBArcKA metoahba y cpba 

Mecra. Kaito he ce ^eua MHTajyhn OBe caoroBe yqnTH 4a mto- 
toa MHcae, to je Hhhkobh{i ocrao ^yatan Aa noKaace. Oh 
HCTinia ApatH, Aa n cam cmaKBH caoroBH , „koh no eedn He- 
Maio HHKaKBa 3HaneHfl , KaAi> ce cl Apyrnarb c/ioBHMa h.im c/10- 
roBHMa cioate , nocTaio 3Haneiie pta , 00 uito h. np. c.ioroBH: 
ai\ e r r, ht. yr Heaiaio SHaieHa, ajin cioaieHH ca c/iOBHMa 
Koa AOU,Hie y dyKBapy ROAUze , Aodiaio ra , h nocTaw pta: 
w paT, caT, a^t, daT, raT, raaT" hta; avin mh dncMO paAn 
dn.in 3HaTH , Aa ak ihto 3Ha^e y cpncKOM (a He h y HeMaq- 
kom) je3HKy OBe penn: *iaT, maT, hah, mhc, thc, aec, 
toc, aqc, boc, poc, Mec, Tec, pec, Mac, Jiac hta. (cTp. 
6. dyoapa) n niTa HMajy Aena Aa MHcae KaA Te caoroBe 
nnTajy ? 

4. /3,a dn ce Aeua npBOM cbojom KitnroM AoacTa ynynn- 
Ba.ia Aa hito toa Mncie oa nnTajy, Tpetfaao je MHoro Be- 
tiHX H3MeHa y oboj MeTOAH Hero bito hx je HhhkobhIi Hara- 
t>ao. 3a to 6h Tpedajio npBo paAa oa ci'paHe caMe Aene , — 
a Tora HeMa HHrAe cKopo y nnTaBoj Hamoj dyKBapcito-CHHTe- 
th t ikoj MeTOAH. Ho h obo hito HhhkobhK HaBOAH nosaJM.teHO je 
oa r. /l,aHH^Hha, jep oBaj (Ha crp. 17. cBoje „peneH3nje") Ha- 
noMHH>e, KaKO je Bp^o pt^aBO hito Aena ynetn nHTara caaio 
roBope pe^iH, ^Mefyy KoJHMa HeMa cMnc/ia HHKaKBora/' Join 
to pa3./iaate oBaKo: „Kao hito ne ce AJena H3Hajnpnje paAO- 
BaTH KaA BHAG Aa 3HaAy nHTaTH jom Bnme ihto ochm pnjeqn. 
Ta rojiarjex pnjenn net>y KOJHMa HeMa cMHC/ia, He Moate <in- 
TaTH hh cBaKH oApacrao noBJeK, a KaMO ae AnjeTe." Y3 to 
M3Jiaate r. AaHnnnt, oko je c Te crpaHe do&e y HeManKHM 
dyoapnMa , h HaBOAH y A0Ka3 Bnnie peneHnna , Koje HeMaqKa 
Aeija y I pa3. Mory Aa nHTajy H3 cBor dyoapa n to npe 
Hero hito ce yno3HaAy ca cBHMa c/iOBHMa CBoje mtHre. IIIto 
Hnje TaKO n y ohom cpncKOM dyKBapy oa r. 1853. (kojh je 
„pa^eH no HeManKOM"), to r. /l,aHHnHh de^ieara Kao „MaHy 
Beny oa ocTa,ojex , jep ce — ite.in — OHe cBe Mory no- 
npaBHTH , HemTO H30CTaBHBniH , HemTO AOAaBnin a HemTO npe- 



EJ'KBAPCKA METOAUSA V CPEA 71 

HHaynBfflH , a OBa ce nonpaBHTH He aioate ; jep ma 6h ce no- 
npaBH^a , OHAa dyKBap He 6h 6ho OBaj Hero ca cBnjeji Apyrr. 
tomko BpnjeAH OBa CTBap y 6yKBapy, jep ce CBe ocTa^io Mose 
caMO npeBecTH H3 H>eMaqKora (JyKBapa; aM obajo npeBofyefte 
c/ia(5o noMa^e" hta. (cip. 17. h 18.). 

Me^y thm OBaj 6yKBap oa 1853. toa- npBH je, y KOMe 
ce jom y npBOJ hojiobhhh Hajia3H OBAe OHAe no Koja peie- 
HHna ; ho ho caApffiHHH cbojoj maxoM cy Bpjio He3flaTHe. Ilpe 
H>era Ha^a3HMO caMO y HcHAopa CTOJaHOBHka npn./in i mnx pe- 
neHnna, — HHaqe HnrAe BHiue hh npe hh nocae roA. 1853. 

Ho He caMO nrro ce hhko CKopo HHJe Ha to ocBpiao , BeK 
je hcto TaKo c^ado ko boaho panyHa n o H3dopy nojeAHHnx 
pe^n Koje he Aena qnTaTH, h o Kojnuia he mhcahth HiTa Ka- 
3yjy hta. Obo He Baatn to-ikko 3a Hani npBH tiyKBap , kojihko 
3a CBe ocxa^e , Kao : 3a tfyKBap Op<|)e.aHHOB (y Koie ce Ha- 
ausq pein: „5|ci-c|)H-Aa" hta.), 3a OHaj oa 1785., Henno 
Ma.io 3a 6yKBap 3opnheB n PaAOBaHOBHheB. IIpBH je Kapa- 
uhh kojh y cpncKOM (JyKBapy h3hoch nncTe cpncKe pern Ha 
H,era ce yrje^ao h TaBpn^o HonoBHh h Heno3HaTH HaM hh- 
cau, docaHCKora tfyKBapa oa toa. 1867. 

5. CKopo cbh hhch.h Haraax (JyKBapa rpyAHM cy ce Aa 
npoBeAy HeKy nociynHOCT h noc/ie c/ioroBa. TaKO cy pasHe 
pe i m Hamer je3HKa Ae^ene Ha ocodnTe rpyne , ysoajytH 3a 
ocHOBy thm noAe^aMa jeAHOM Mac 6poj capBa y onnrre, qac 
oneT 6poj caMHx iviacHHKa, Apyrn nyT 6poj c/ioroBa uah y3 
to h cyMacHHKe KaKO croje jeAaH ao Apyrora. HMa ah 3a 
to KaKBa pa3^ora? Ha cBaKH HauHH hojm.^hbo je, Aa 3a Maay 
Aeuj HHcy HcnpBa pe^in oa 5 — cioroBa n 10—15 c/iOBa; 
hcto TaKO AonycTHKeMO Aa Hnje jiaKO AenH H3roBapaTH Bnnie 
cyoacHHKa jeAHo 3a ApyrnM. (Obo y ocTa^oM BpeAn caMO y 
H6K0MK0, t. j. BHHie 3a c/ioroBe ho n 3a pe i in. Ochm Tora 
obo Baatn caMO 3a OHe nncue kojh Hncy 3aHnua^n Aeuy ohhm 
c^oroBHMa: ckbh, 3APJa, hta.) Ajih nopeA c-Bera Tora je 
ah AOHCTa 6hao HenopenHO norpeiJHo, Aa ce Ha jeAHOM HecTy 



72 ByKBAPCKA METOAUKA y CPBA 

iH'Upiiy cBe penn jeAHe Bpcre , na hctom OHAa Aa ce npeije na 
peMH Apyre Bpcre, h. np. Aa ce y3HMajy npBo pe^n c ABa 
lviacHHKa (Kao : „a-Ha, e-Ba", hta) , ua nocie Apyre h. np. 
c jeAHHM cyryiacHHKOM (Kao: „6oj, aoj, Aaj", hta). H Hnje 
.in n xa npexepaHa nocrynHOCT oa CBoje dpaHe npnnoMara./ia, 
Aa ce Aena yne ohom MexaHH*tKOM ipuba&y, Koje je no3Haio 
CBaKOMe kojh je na3no no mm/iaMa Ha oho nycro H3roBapaite 
pe x in Ha naiieT oa dpaHe Aennje? AonymTajyhH caMo ao- 
HeK/ie noTpe^Hy nocTynHOd y HHTaay petra, ap^hmo Aa 6n 
MHoro 6o.<ie 6kao Aa cy ce n HecannHe penn TaKo pehn Ha 
npBHM yincTHtiHMa Memajie , a y3 to npaBHJie h aukq pene- 
nnne , oko 6h ce ko^hko to^hko H3(>erao MexaHH3am n cTa.10 
Ha nyT nanarajcKOM y^eity Ha naMeT MaTepnja.ia kojh je Ha- 
MeH.eH 3a HHTaae. — — 

6. CnHTeTH*iKa MeTOAa, OHaKBa Kao hito ce pa3BH^a y 
HamnM (a h Ty^HM) 6yKBapHMa , HenpnpoAHa je. (ke He 3Ha 
3a 3aK0He no Kojnia ce Ayx Aewjn pa3Bnja. 

HeKHMa ce tohh, Kao Aa ce OHa 6am AP&n oHor no- 
CTynHor pa3BHJaH>a roBopa y Aene. JecT ncTHHa, Aa AeTe 
— toi noiHe xoahth n ynopeAO c thm nporoBapaTH — 
HcnpBa roBopn CBe y HeKHM iviacoBHMa, Kao: a, y, e, h 
c^ioroBHMa: 6a, Ma, ae, Ta hta. Ajih je hcto TaKo ncTHHa, 
Aa A6Te AocTa 6p30 noraae H3roBapaTH h nnTaBe penn , Kao: 
iaia, 6a6a, TaTa, AeTe hta. Oho Aaoe He *ieKa Aa Ha- 
ynn npBo CBe c/ioroBe , na oHAa hctom pe T in , Ben h ohh cio- 
tobh Koje H3roBapa 3acTynajy y n>era r raKO penn caMe penn 
h Ka3yjy nnraBe mhcjih. Ochm Tora , 3Ha ce , Aa AeTe Haynn 
to./ihko penn, npe nero mTO je y CTaay Aa H3roBopn pa3He 
nojeAHHe iviacoBe, Kao: K,,p h Apyre koa kojhx paAe Henna 

H./1H caM je3HK. 

IIIto Ha3BacMO cHHTewiKy MeTOAy y 6yKBapcKOJ MeTOAnnn 
HenpnpoAHOM , to je 3a to hito OHa hh Ha jeAHOM cbom CTynay 
He noKpeke y Aene Mon pa3MHm.i>aBaH>a. Be3 pa.3^iora h Ha 
Bepy y*ie ce caoBa. C/ieno , 3a yqHTe.LeM , noBTopaBajy ce h 



liJ'KBAPCKA METOAUKA V CPBA 73 

„cpniy" c^oroBn n pern Yqekn caoBa n HenpeivieAHy mho- 
iEHHy caoroBa, A^Te HHKaA mimTa He Mucin n Hesia ynpaBO 
niTa #a Mncin. Oho hito 6h Tpeda.w Aa my Aofye TaKo pekn 
Hajnocjie, to My AOiia3H Ha npBOM Meciy, n to jom Cfe3 HKa- 
KBa paAa oa aeroBe CTpaHe. MecTO a& caMo — noc.ae He- 
Kor ynykefta — Ae.in pe x in Ha c^ioroBe n n3Ha.ia3n pa3He 
MacoBe , oho to cBe Ha^ia3H totobo y dyKBapy, a HHKaA CBe- 
cho He Aot?e ao Tora , a^ Te c^ioroBe n iviacoBe cnaja y ne- 
.MiHe. OTyAa OHe ceaeq norpeniKe nocie „cpnna}La" y n3ro- 
Bapaity pern 3a to cy Aena yin^ia 6yKBap ABe, Tpn h 
nerapn roAHHe, na nnaK Hncy yMe^ia Te<rao p,& ^nrajy. 

JeAHHO pe*in , Kao HMeHa ohhx crBapn Koje A^Te no3Haje 
hjih c KojHMa Mome ^aKO yno3HaTn, (a y8 to h 3roAHe pe- 
^emine), y CTaity cy aa noKpeHy Ae^nje Mnm.BeiLe. 3a obo 
je jom — pa3yMe ce — noTpedHO , a& ywre.L c a^hom boah 
pa3roBop ohhm CTBapnMa Koje Ka3yjy pe^in y dyKBapy; 
OBaj pa3roBop He CMe 6hth Ten oHaKO Ha npa3Ho, Bet no 
onnrre ycBojeHHM Hane./iHMa t. 3. o^nr^eAHe HacTaBe. Be3 
OBe crb paA no^ieTHor yneaa ocTaje MexammaH n./in y Haj- 
HOBO.LHHjeM c/iyqajy ancTpaKTan n cyxonapaH. 

7. Hania je cnHTeTH^iKa HeTOAa y dyKBapnMa Bpjio sa- 
MeTHa. To^HKe dyKBnne , TO/mita c/ioBa y u>HMa , TO-inne cto- 
THHe T iyAHOBaTHx cfloroBa , CBe je to ynpaBO CMeTaiio , a» ce 
Ao^e ao wratba ca cBemhy, a HHKaKo ra Hnje npunpeMayio. 
Y3 to jom OHa HMeHa c/ioBa h Ha^HH cpnnaH,a naKO ce npaK- 
THKOBao no HaniHM HiKOJiaMa! Obo ABOJe Hnje — pasyMe ce 

— Mopa^io dnTn , n HeKn cy AH3a^n cboj Mac npoTHBV Tora, 
aan je TaKO nnaK npaK'rnKOBaHO BHme oa cto roAnna. 

Ochm Tora jom jeAHO H3 Ha*inHa npaKTHKOBaH.a no Toj 
MeTOAH y Haraoj ochobhoj niKo^n. YtinTe.m Hncy uiun yMenmn 

— hhth je to a&ko no cnHTeTHMKoj MeTOAn — Ad y jeAHO 
BpeMe 3aHHMajy CBe yTCHHKe. 3ajeAHn i iKOM y i ieu.y ueiia 
totobo hh cnoMeHa. IU'rane cy to ncmHa y HeKo.inKO Ha.io- 
KHal)aBajie, ayin caMo 3a BpeMe aok.ic ce dvKBHHa ym.ia. Y 



74 EyiiBAI'CKA METOAHliA y CPEA 

Aa.LeM pa^y h „npec./iymaBaH>y" yin-re.!, je o6hmho h3boaho 
je^Ho no je^HO Acre ao cBor cro./ia h ca cBaKHM ce otfanrca 
saiiHMao.') H -raKO Mopado ce MHoro WRvytiwm. A kojihko 
je to c Apyrnx CTpaHa Bp./io iukoaahbo 3a OApataite peAa h 
naaLMrcocTH y mwAK, Moate ce a?lko npeAciaBHTH. 

8. y3HMajyhn y pa^iyH HenpipoAHOCT cnHTeraqKe MeTOAe 
— Koja ce HHje od3npa./ia Ha ncnxo^ornjcKo-MeTOACKe pa3- 
.lore HacTaBe — n 3aMeTH0CT c AaHrydoM , Koje cy HensCieajHe 
y iloj , MopaMO Aokn ao 3aK.&yiKa , Aa je no^eTHa HaciaBa 
no HCK.tyyHoj CHHTeinnKOJ MeTOAH mKOA-tnBa. H Aojncia OHa 
je ca cBHMa cbojhm noc/ieAnnaMa Kao nowrHH Ha i mH yieiba 
MHTan,a ocyljeHa AaBHO n AaBHO totobo cByAa y jeBponcKUM 
HapoAHHM mKO-iaiia. 

IIIto npncTa^iHAe n>eHe HaBOAe Kao nocaeAH»n pa3Jior — 

H TO BHffle 036n.'LHO HO HpOHHHKH '. — Aa JOHI HHKOMe HHJe 

nyoa iviaBa kojh ce Ha Taj HannH y^no, to je caiio 3a to 
ncTHHa, niTO je npnpoAa HOBewja — na MaKap dpojajia h 
caMo raecT ceAaM roAHHa y3pacTa — y CTaity Aa noAHece 
cnjaceT Ty^e iviynocTn h cBoje MyKe, amoro HenpnpoAHocTH, 
HacH.La n Hanpe3an>a, na nnaK Aa nsn^e H3 Te 6op6e Kao 
HeKH nodeAn^ai];. J ocTa^iOM KaA 6h ce o TOMe TaqHnjer pa- 
^yHa boahjio , HanMO 6n ce , Aa je MHornuia jom 3apaHa no- 
peMeheHa ysraa BeApnHa. YcaeA Tora n npnaieKyje ce Ha 
to^ihkhm MJiaAHhHMa orpaHnqeHOcr y MHm.'T.eH,y n neKa HeMap- 
hoct npeMa Haynn, n to ABoje npara hx Kpo3a n,eo jkhbot 
H.HXOB. H oBAe Baatn OHa noc/ioBnna : „IIo jyTpy ce AaH 
no3Haje." 

AoAaTaK. 
1. H3 Hamnx dyKBapa bhah ce Aa ce jeAHHO ^raTaae 
CMaTpa./io Kao HemTO HajnoTpeCmnje n BaJ3ac./iyaiHHJe Aa ce 
niTO npe H3ym. Y MHorHM dyKBapnaia HeMa 6p3onncHHx caoBa, 



l ) 3a to cy Bpeaie APyra Aena — He3Hajytn mra Aa paAe — 
— npoBOAii.ia HecTam^yK. PaA Tora cy 6usa.ia ^einte .iynaHa. 
Ho Ae^uja npnpoAa Tpaatetn 3aHHM.tiiBnjer saHHMaita Hiije ce 



EVKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPBA 75 

hhth HKaKBe HanoaieHe o xoie Kaito Tpetfa Aeny ywrn qh- 
caity. IIIto ce naK y Heicnai 6yKBapnia Ha.ia3n u3,ioseHa 
6yKBnna h y ofaHKy 6p3onncHHX caoBa , to Han Aaje noBOAa 
MHcanTH , Kao Aa je y3 qnTaae ynopeAo Tpe6a.no yinm n 
nacaTH. Am nua te ce iracaTH h kojhm tie ce peAOM to 

BpfflHTH, O TOMe HHDlTa He 3HaMO. Ho CBOJ npHMu,H Ty je 

ocTaB.taHO ywre^niaa Aa ce noMa^y cam KaKO SHajy. Hn- 
caae je Ha cBao HaqnH 6hao Henno cnopeAHO, paA x iera 
Hnje 6h./io noTpeuHO HHKaKBa ynyTCTBa AaBam 

Met?y thm h to no.^e Hnje 6am ca cbhm saHeiapeHO. 3 a- 
xapnja Op(|)e.iHH Hanncao je jora r. 1776: ^HoBtiiraia 
ciaBeHCKia nponncH paAH no^b3H n ynoTpeth/ieHia C^iaBeHO- 
cepdcKaro lOHOinecTBa" (y cpemcKHM Kap.aoBipMa). Ty Ha^asnuo 
npBo ynyTCTBo KaKO Tpetfa nepa 3ape3HBaTH h nncaTH nojeAHHe 
cacTaBHe Ae./iOBe CBaKor Ma^or cioBa. CUoBa ce nnray CTapnai 
yooViajeHHM a36yqmiM peAOM. H3a Ma^ie 6yKBnne AOAa3e nncaHH 
CJioroBH oa ABa n Tpn cioBa , Be;iHKa 6yKBHHa n qHTaBe peqe- 

HHH,e HHCaHe pa3H0BpCHHM ClOBHMa HO BeJlHqHHH H Ae^.tEHH. 1 ) 

Eocae Op(|)e^HHa npBH je Co^apnh , kojh (y caMOM ynyT- 
CTBy 3a 6yKBap) roBopn o nncaity y onnrre h o KpacHonncy, 
nocTaB.ta Heo KpacHonncHa npaBH^a : KaKO Tpe6a c/ioBa a& 
cy noAJeAHaKO HamyTa, Koje Aa cy BncnHe, ninpHHe. Kojer 
pacTOJaaa hta.; Aa.te Aaje ynyTCTBa KaKO Tpeda nepa 3a- 
pe3HBaTn h ApJKaTn, a hcto 'raKo KaKO Tpeda ap^k^th Te.io 
npn^HKOM nncaaa , n Hajnocae H3Jia5Ke dyKBnny MaMx n Be- 
^hkhx caoBa n qHTaBe peqeaiine y pa3HHM KapaKTepnMa caoBa. 

H koa jeAHor n koa Apyror nncna nncaae ce Bpnin 3a 
ce a iHTaae oneT 3a ce. 3ajeAHnqKon HeKOM paAY Hesia 
y tom nooeAy hh cnoMeHa. 

ASlasl CTernyTii. IIopeA cbhx Ganma peAa Hiije 611.10 y niKO.in 
HUKaA 3a Bpesie aok je yiim\L jeAHe no jeAne „npec.iymaBao.' : 
Hnje hh iyAO. Baume u necTaui.iyK AeHiiju cToje VBeK y ynpap- 
noj cpa3Mepn. 
l ) HiiKaKBe cyiiiiHOCTii y siaiepiga.iy hhcmo Mor.m iialiii imieljy 
GyKBapa Op^e.iunoBor u obhx iteroBiix ttpacHOUHCHHX npomrca. 



76 ByKBAPCKA MKTCUIIKA y CPBA 

Je^HHH je HcH^op G'TojaHOBnfc , koj'h je y^inHHO 3Ha*iajaH 
noKyuiaj , ,4a cnojn noneTHH paA ^HTaita h nncaiLa. He Mapn 
HHmTa , niTO oh yyn yneHHKe npBo mi-aimata c/ioBHMa , KaA 
He nponymTa npncTynHTH oAMax n nncaity cBaKor c./iOBa mhm 
ce cxBaTH y npBOM cbom o6aekj. Hocae CiojaHOBHta hhko 
HHje oa CHHTeTHiKHX MeTOAiraapa npnxBaTHo H>eroB noKymaj. 
A komko 6n Aodnja OBa noneTHa BemraHe, a* je ynyJieaa 
Aa.te thm nyxeM h kojihko je HCTHHa y ohhm penniia Cto- 
jaHOBHteBor yieHHKa: KaA cio nncaM Koje cjiobo, 3a to 
BpeMe „iopao HaM je iteroB H3MeA BefcMa y name™ ocTara, 
Hero jw ohom, kojh ra je caio cnaTpao! a (Y II Niamey 
BHAeheMo , KaKo ce momo ocTBapnTH yApyaeHO nncaite h mh- 
Taite MHoro TeMe-iHTHJe h amoro ycnemHPije). 

2. HMa jeAHO HHTaiLe , Koje HaM ce HaMeTa.10 Bnrae nyia 
y Hamoj tfyKBapcitoj MeTOAHHH, a to je: a* an je noipefao 
h MorykHO, Aa Aena npBora pa3peAa ocHOBHe mKOJie myve 
wraTH h HpKBeHo-cflOBeHCKHM c./ioBHMa, HIto cy CTapHJn Hamn 
nncun to Apasa^H 3a npBo h Hajnpe^e, HHje *iyAO KaA ce 
npeACTaBH , KaKaB je OHAa y onniTe BAaAao npaBan. y Hamoj 
KftHaieBHOCTH. ^yAHO je , oko ByK h cbh hhchh nocae aera 
— (H3y3HMajytiH jeAHHor HHHKOBnka) — OTHoqHBbyhn npBH 
yno3HaBaTH Aenj c HamoM rpafyaHCKoai 6yKBHOOM He yBnljame 
Aa je h cyBHme nopeA Tora join TepeTHTH Aeny h c yqeiteii 

HpKBeHO-C/lOBeHCKHX CdOBa. 

y rpal>aHCKHM nojiaMa Hanrax 6yKBapa h 6eao je OBAa 
onAa HeKHX npoieHa , ajin y npKBeHO-c./ioBeHCKHM totobo hh- 
KaKBe. Hapo^HTO oHaj oAe&aK, y Kosie ce HaBOAe pe*m „hoa 
THTyiaia", npenncHBao je peAOM jeAaH nHcan, oa Apyrora, Te 
cy TaKo pekr ao jyne Hama Aena yqiwa CBe oHe ncTe pe i in 
Koje cy onpeAe^iH^H jom npBH Haran hhchh. (J\,hkaq hh Ty 
HHKaKBe H3MeHe 3a *iHTaBnx 150 roAHHa!). 

3. Ha nocJieTKy Aa peneMO Kojy yonmTe MaTepnja^y 
kojh ce Ha;ia3H y pasHnx Hamnx nncana y Apyroj ho.ih 6y- 
KBapa sa Aennje Be^6aH>e y wraiLy. 



EyKBAPCKA METOAHKA V CPEA 77 

y PayaHHHa, Op^e^iHHa n nncna MOCKOBCKor dyKBapa oa 
1824. ro a., Taj je MaTepnja./i caB 6oroc/ioBCKe caApa^HHe. y 
ltnx ce HHmTa Apyro He Ha.aa3H ao caMe Mo^niBe , HeKe H3- 
peKe H3 cb. nncMa h Apyrnx HpKBeHCKHx mnra , HeKH cBa- 
KoiaKH cthxobh , y KOJHMa ce onncyje EapasTep pa3Hnx cioBa 
(b. TyiacHHK 34. oa dp. 73. ao 84.), HeKH pa3roBopn o 
Bory ') eta. y Op^e^inHa naia h HeKnx „rpat>aHCKHx CTBapn", 
Eao: H3 3ei^onHca, HCTopnje hta. (cxp. 90. ao 96.), a./in 
My je CBe TaKO MpmaBo n HCKHAaHO , Aa ce ynpaBO He 3Ha 
paA Kora je nncaTO. 

y 6yKBapy oa 1785. roAHHe Ha^a3HMO npBH nyx HeKHx 
noc.iOBHua h npiMiraHnx npn^ia , y KOJHMa ce onncyje npo- 
CTOAymHocT , Kpa^a , HeyMepeHocT , npa3HOBepHna hta. Mo.o- 
TaBa HeMa HHKaKBHx. (HeKe cy H3peue y3eTe H3 Op^ejinHO- 
Bor dyoapa). 

y CojiapHta ce Ha./ia3H Bp^io HHTepecaHTaH MaTepnja/i 3a 
„npBa T iHTaH.a cpncKoj AeHH" H3 HCTopnje onmie, caoBeHCKe 
n cpncKe. y tom MaTepnja^iy HMa nocTynHOCTH Bp.ao,Ao£)po 
H3BeAeHe, a^H je nnaK y iviaBHOMe HenoAemeHO npena Aeu,n 
kojoj je HaMeaeHo. Ochm Te HCTopnjcKe caApainHe HMa HeniTO 
n /^aBHAOBHX ncajiaMa h AP- 

y cbhx ocTa^iHX nncana noc/ie ByKa Ha;ia3H ce y Apyroj 
roar (SyKBapa pa3Hnx Mopa^iHHX H3peKa h npocrax noy i i.tn- 
bhx npn^ia. Oa CBnjy ce HaJBHrae oAMKyje oHaj (Jyoap oa 
1853. (H3JioaveH hoa ll.)« CaApasHHa My je MaxoM AO^pa 3a 
Aen,y. Ty ce roBopa o Ae x iiijoj nocflynmocTH , o nomTOBaifcy 
CTapnjHx .LyAH . o 3axBa.iHOCTn , o i iHH>eH>y Aoopnx Ae.'ia , n 
o TOMe KaKo Ba.ia tobophth ncrnHy, 6hth y noc/iy Ta*iaH, 
Ohth yc./iya£an, BpeAaH hta. h to CBe npocro, y npiraaiia, 
6e3 AocaAHor h ancipaKTHor Mopaancaiha , ouaKo k.iko Aeua 
Mory pasyMei'H. Jom HMa roBopa o noAe.in Bpeneua n HMa 



') Op(j)e./iim bc/ih, Aa je Taj MaTepiija.a y3iiMao 113 kh.iiit: „Kpai- 
Kifl 6oroc./iOBCKiji cKa3aHia (EL Oio<|>aim HposonoBH?a, 
apxienncKona HOBoropoACKaro). " 



78 BJ'KBAl'CKA METO.IHKA V CPBA 

EtpaTKHX onnca roAnniibnx BpemeHa n pa3Hnx cTBapn no 6ojn, 
bc/iu'imhh , o6\i0Ky, 6pojy, paAH>aMa mta. IHto ce wie oAe.i.Ka 
noA Hac^oBOM „IIpeAMeTH 3a pa3MnnM>aBaH>e" (oa CTp. 
59. ao 64.), peon 6hcmo, Aa je cyBnmaH 3a Aeny I. pas- 
peAa n Aa mhofh yMHTCbn 6ez Hapo^HTor ynyrcrBa Hncy Mo- 
wn 3HaTH, Aa m hm Ty ochm npocror 'iHiaita Ba.ta join inia 
paAHTH. 

ByKBap TaBpn^a IIonoBHha BpAo je MpmaB y Apyroj no^in 
cbojoj , a niTO ce TH^e OHora iteroBor Ma'repnja^a H3 Hame 
ncTopnje, xaj je Ha^HK Ha npocTy wry.'by, Koja y Apyroj 
KH)H3H MOKe oVra Ha Mecry, caMo He y 6yKBapy. 

II p h m e a 6 a. y HeKiix Haniiix micana Ha.ia3ii ce y SyKBapy no- 
peA MaTepujayia 3a Aeny n ynyi'CTaBa 3a yinieybe. Tn cy Cyoapii 
niicaHii ynpaBo 3a ywiejbe, n uao TaKBe Ba^a nx h CMaTpam. 3a 
Ae^ajy HenocpeAHy ynoTpetfy Hncy yAeineHn. 

y HeKUM CyKBapioia iiiua cnjaceT rpaMaTiiiHor MeTepirja^ia, a y 
CBHMa CKopo iiMa no nnoroA n 113 pa^yHa. H jeAHOM u APyroM Hnje 
HiiKaKO MecTa y GyKBapy, h aKO to yaieA Ayre npaKTmce amoruMa 
n3r.4eAa Kao HeniTo Hepa3ABoJHo u „Bpyio noTpetfHo.'' 

31. A^EeM^pa 1872. roAHHe 
y KparyjeBny. 



CTy4HIE 3A HCTOPHiy CPIICI^E 

TPrOBHHE 

xm-or n xiv-or beka. 

IIMIHE 

HeA. IVlMJaTOBMti. 
III. 

B. YB03. 

Ekohomho Haqe.io , Koje je a&ao ocodeHH KapaKTep HameM 

H3B03y, MOIV10 6e ce OBaKO (|)OpMyylOBaTH : H3B03HTH OHe 3e- 

Ma.icKe npoH3Bo^e , kojhx je noTpomH>a Ha cTpaHra TproBnia 
BeoMa npocxpaHa , Tauo Aa hm je npofya cnrypHa , n Aa y 
odnmy xe npo^e h3B03hhk Hafye cBaKojaKo cBojy ao^ht , a y3 
to H3B03HTH h TaKBe npon3BOAe , kojhx HOTpomita ncrnHa 
HHJe TaKO mnpoKO npocTpxa , aAH kojhx je Tpama nnaK jaKa, 
n,eHa BncoKa , npeHoc cpa3MepH0 auk. Upeiua TOMe Ha*ie./iy, 
r.iaBHH npeAMeTH Hamer H3B03a, Kao iqto BHAecio, 6n.ni ey: 
c jeAHe cTpaHe npon3BOAn croiapcTBa, c Apyre cxpaHe 
cpeCpo n BocaK. 

Hero to eKOHOMHo HaqeAo Kao n hcth ApyniTBeHO-no.in- 
th^ikh oAHOiuaJH, j\,hae cy Kapaoep h VB03V Hameai y Tpn- 
HaecroM h qeipHaecTOM BeKy. C jeAHe CTpane apTHKao, kojh 
ce HCTHHa AOCTa TeniKO npeHOcn h Kojera je n,eHa HHCKa , a^iH 
Kojera Be^iHKa h npocrpaHa noTpomita y hcto Bpeaie ocnry- 
paBa H3BecHy TproBamey AooVr; — c Apyre crpaHe apTHKao, 
Kojera je HOTponiH>a ncrnHa orpaHU'iena , a.m nnaK npii/nniHO 
jaKa , Kojera je npeHoc AaK , thm .laKran m'ro npeMa cbhtky n 
Teatnen HMa BeoMa BncoKy n,eHy. C jeAHe CTpaHe co. c AV.vie 



8 i' I \ AH. ik 3A IICTOPHjy CI'nCKE TITOBHHE 

CKpaaT, — to cy iviaBHH npeAMera yBosa cpncKor y Bpesie 
o KOMe roBopHMo. y oHOMe nncMy, Koje cy /],y(jpoB i iaHH roA- 
1416. nHcaM Aecno r ry CxeBaHy bhcokom, 1 ) Bp^o cy Aodpo 
03Ha^eHe ABe BeyiHKe nepnoAe y hctophjh cpncKe iproBBHe: 
A0 HeMaH>Hha cpncKH je HapoA H3B03no CTOiapcite n po- 
ns boa o a yB03H0 co; hoa HeMaitHhawa oh je n3B03no cpe- 
6po a yB03H0 CKp^aT. JeABa Aa ce c aiaite pe^n Mose 
03Ha^HTH eKOHOMHH rcapaKTep ABe nepnoAe, oa kojhx HaJMaH>a 
odyxBaia npeKo ABe cTOTirae roAHHa. 

/! ( a dome Aa He mhc/ihm Aa KaateM, Aa cy co h CEpaaT 
jeAHHH npeAJieTH yB03a. Ohh cy MaBHH, KapaK'repHH apTH- 
kjae Hanre yB03He iproBEHe hoa Kpa/teBHMa n napeBHMa , ayni 
He jeAHHH. EaKO je co HajcTapnJH h Kao npeAflieT onnne no- 
TpomH.e HaJBaiKHHJn *i./iaHaK yB03He TproBHHe, to keiao iboJ3h 
Aa HOK./ioHnMO Haray npBy naatity. 

1. Co. — EaA cy Hainn cxapn y npBoj hojiobhhh ceA- 
Mora BeKa Aoni-fln y OBe KpajeBe , Hainan cy y H>HMa m&jio 
He CBe hito cy wdieA&m mooh, — caaio coyin HHcy Hanus. 
Oho HeKO./iHKo cjiaHnx H3Bopa hito hx Mia y Bochh, aKO ce 
3a h>hx jom h 3Ha.io y oho Ao6a , CBaKOJauo Hncy A0CTH3a,/iH 
Aa noAMape noipeCie HenocpeAHe cBoje oKo^HHe. HapoAy je 
Tpeda^io goae. OAiax oa npBnx AaHa Hamer raBOTa y obhm 
KpajeBHia HapoA ce Ham oKpeHyo ./lHneM k jaApaHCKOMe iopy. 
OAMax oa npBnx AaHa MaBHa noJiHTH^Ka MHcao Hamer Ha- 
poAa 6njia je , Aa 3ay.3Me n<MOjKaj Ha jaApaHCKOiie iopy n Aa 
ce Ty yTBpAH. 

He Mory pekn, Aa je HapoA nomao obom ho^hthkom je- 
Ahho h HCK&yimo mTo je XTeo Aa ocnrypa ce6n H3Bope goae. 
CBaKa Be^iHKa MHcao , Koja je KaApa a& y cedn ycpeAcpeAH 
CBe TeatH.e h cBy paAity HapoAHy, Ma KaKo Aa joj je ocHOBa 
MaTepnja^iHa , cBarAa naia h Mopa^my HeKy caAp&HHy. TaKO 
6e3 cyMH>e h racao, kojom ce Ham HapoA Kpo3 npBe BeKOBe 



l ) Cpn. Chom. Ay6p. Apx. I, 138. — 



CTJ7UIJE 3A HCTOI'IIjy CPnCKE TPrOBUHE 81 

CBora cTaHOBaiba OBj\,e noKperao. Aar waeko ja mory j\,a. bh- 
Ahm y Hamoj npom/iocTH , npa3Ha caaBa HHKaAa mije 3aH0cn.ia 
Hac Kao HapoA- Kao HapoA mh cmo ce cBar^a dopnvin camo 
3a H3BecHe h onpeAe.teHe Ma'repnjaAHe KopncTn ; 6am n oHAa 
oa cmo Ha 3acxaBe cTaBA>aAn: 3a Kpcx *iacHH n CAOuoAy 
3^aTHy! TaKo m caB Hani ncTopHJCKH paA oa VII. ao XIII. 
BeKa £>HAa je tioptia Aa ocnrypaMO ce6n nope; ApyrflM pe^nia: 
Aa ocnrypaMo ce6n co h OTBopeH cao6pakaj c ocTa/iHM cBe- 
tom. IIpBH HaniH cyKo^n c HTajHJoM 6hah cy oko coah; y 
caMoj CTBapn aiaAo He ABecroroAnniiLa tfoptia Hamnx He- 
peutaHa c MA^HfiEHa cboah ce Ha HHTaae o coah : M.te- 
mtiH cy paAHJin Aa 3aAo6njy mohohoa npoAaBatt.a coah Ha 
jaApaHCKOMe Mopy, HepeT&aHH cy, TaKo Aa KaraeM, cao6oaj 
coah 6paHHJiH ao nocaeAfte Kann KpBH.') Ha cbj- npnAHKy 
h Harnn npBH cyKodn c /IjtfpoBHHKOM , 6hah cy 3dor coah. 
TeK KaA ce Ham noAoaiaj Ha npHMopjy cnitera Mopa koahko 
toahko yTBpAHO h pannncTHO , Apyra jeAHa noAH-in^o mh- 
cao cTaB.ta ce Ha sacTaBe cpncKe , h 6qah opao HeiaiMiha 
fflHpn Kpnjia cBoja norAeAajykn nyT E[apnrpaAa. 

Aah HHTaH>e o coah He ociaBJta HHKaKO yiHCTOBe Hame 
HCTopnje 3a cBe Bpeme cpncKe AP^aBHe ca&iocTaAHocTn. /J,y- 
^pobhhk ca cfleACTBeHomhy, koj'oj HaAasnmo paBHe casio y 
MJ.eTa i iKoj apncroKpaTCKoj penydAHiin , xeiKHO je h paAno He- 
npeKHAHO h HeyMopHO Aa 3aAo6nje mohohoa npoAaje com 
npeMa cpncKHM 3eMA,aMa. H3 caapffiaja 3£)opHHKa AytfpoBaranx 
3aKOHa (Liber Statutorum civitatis Rhacusii) h H3 uapira- 
ckhx npoTOKOiia (Capitulary delle Dagana grande), 2 ) biiah 



') MibeTaiKii iiCTopimn roBope Aa je iioboa paTOBafty c HepeT- 
AaHiiMa 611.10 rycapeae obiix no ja ipain-KOM aiopy. A.iu obo, 
11 aKo je c/iyjKii.10 Kao ii3roBop , 6uao je tck <j)opiua.i 11 11 iio- 
boa ayin He 11 npaBu 11 cTKapim. Y octhaou Aa je mohoiio.i ip- 
roBHHe ca cojby 6110 r.ianna .uoyiHTiiiKa Teaufca M&eTaHKa y IX 
11 X-om Beicy, biiah Dam, Histoire de la Republiquc de Ve- 
nise, I, 97, XIX, 110. 

2 ) y MaKymcBa Hac.rhAOB. cip. 149 11 1(59. 

r.iAciMK x.\xviu e 



82 CTYAHJE 3A HCTOI'Hjy CPIICKB TITOIill 111. 

ce, KaKO BaaiHO Mecro 3ay3HM.i>y coMda y CBaKOAHeBHoj 6pH3H 
AyopoBa^iKe no;iHTH'iKe Bjiaera KaA y toa- 1253. AytipoB- 
'iiniii npaBe yroBop c tfyrapcKHM u,apen MiixaiMOM AceHOM a 
npoTHBy cpncKor Kpajsa Ypoma , r.iaBiia iracab oko Koje ce 
Taj yroBop oKpehe (6e3 cyMH»e n iviaBHH hoboa Hecffopasyiiie- 
liiin.a c Kpa^eM cpncFHM) jecre: „©ab pine aphhbce6 ao 
HepeibB't KSMepeKb cojh>ckh Aa Hecn. Ha hho Mecro pasB'fe 
bl /LK>6poBi.HnKB. u l ) Oa OBora caBe3a, oa OBor noKymaja Aa ce 
caMO y 4,yupoBHHKy co npoAaje it xy uapnHa n/iaba , o'igbhaho 
Ee 61 6eao HHKaKBa pesyiTaTa, jep Beh y ABryciy 1254. 
bhahmo T&e Kpa.L OreBaH Ypora Aaje c/io6oAy TproBaita /lj- 
(JpoB^iaHHMa , Aa HAy y BpcKOBO, a^in „AaBbme AeceiBKi. wab 
co./ih, n no TO^a Aa ch rpeA« CKpo3i moio seii.18 cboooabho." 2 ) 
Hia n Apyrnx cnoMeHHKa , H3 kojhx ce bhah Aa je BpcKOBO 
Kp03 neo XIII-BeK a Ha cBy e\)Eaekj h y XIV- om cBe ao 
AymaHa, iviaBHH 'rpr 3a co noAa.be oa Mopa. Bnhe Aa je 
Ay^poB^iaHHMa join HesroAHHJe aom3ho xpr coavl y HepeTBH. 
HepeTBa je rpaA Ha caMOM npHMopjy, oa npn/iHKe Ha cpe- 
Ahhh H3nel>y Cn.LeTa h /IjtfpoBHHKa ; a Aa je y H>eMy 6ho 
Tpr ccan ao AyniaHa bhah ce H3 jeAHor cnoMeHHKa oa toa. 
1334., kojhm 6aH 6ocaHCKH CieBaH yciyna HeKy co y HepeTBH 
Ay6poB i iaHHHy K^iHMeHTy /^painty h ApyroBHMa. 3 ) KaA cy Ben 
BHAe.in Aa MOHonoji He Mory Aa 3aAo6njy, /IjtfpoBqaHH cy 
paAH.^H Aa ce npoA^ja war orpaHiron Ha hito iioate 6hth 
Mafte srecra h Aa r ra MecTa He 6yAy y HenocpeAHOj okojihhh 
liHxoBora rpaAa. Ha nocaeTKy Ay maH je pacnpaBno HHTaae 
oco^iH, h onpeAe^iHO TproBe, Ha Kojnaia Le Aa ce npoAaje; 
MorynHo Aa je Ta crBap ypeijeHa hph./ihkom iberoBe noxoAe 
AyCpoBHHKy roA- 1350. KaA cy ra , 00 hito ce Moate mh- 
cmth, AydpoBqaHH cjaJHO n cpaaiHO yrocTHJin. 4 ) CBaKojaKO 

') Mon. Serb. 35. Y HaBeAeHone npuMepy mhcah ce peKa 4pi JM 

a He /l,pHHa. Bhah /J.aHHiuheB Pnje*miiK peg ApnHbCKi.111. 
*) Mon. Serb. 46. 

s ) Cpn. CnoM. 4y^poB. ApxuBa II, 14. 
4 ) Appendini, Memorie, I, 290. 



OTJ'AUJE 3A IICTOPIIJ5' CPnCKE TPrOBIIUE 83 

oa cpeADHe XIV -ora n jeAHa-KO Kpo3 XV-th bgk AyopoBqaHH. 
aKO He Mory Aa nofyy Kopas; jHanpeA k nocTnrHyhy co.iCKor 
MOHono^a, a ohh cypeBH>HBO 6paHe ja ce He Mope no- 

CTaBHTH HHrAt 8 HpHMOpHS TpbTL CO-flH pa3Bi Ha 

ft)6HMHa MtcTa." 1 ) Ho cnoMeHHHHMa AyopoBaqKor apxHBa 
Ha BHme ce necia ohh no3HB.ty Ha to ypet>eH>e Kao Ha Ae^io 
ftymaHOBO. 

Koja cy to „®6eurh Mtcia', ca3HajeMo H3 jeAHor cnoue- 
HHKa H3 cpeAHHe XV-or BeKa , y KOMe KHe3 BaaAHciaB . chh 
Xepnera OrenaHa, bqae: „Aa HicaMt BO./iraHB HqnHiriH 
ra6e^8 wtb npoAae coah HnrAepb 8 Bcesib Haniesit 
KOTaps. pasaia coai. (dhhxb, ta^ c8 HapeAH^a ro- 
cnoAa CTapa, a toh i€CTb: saho Ha /l,pHBuxb, a Ap8ro 
8 Ay6poBHHK«, Tpei'He 8 KoropH, qeTBpTO » 3e r rn 8 
CBeTora Gpt^a Ha Bouxhh. " 2 ) 

CBa je npH.iHKa , #a cy ce y OBOMe ype^eay noAyAapajiH 
HHTepecn /l,y6poBHHKa , kojh je Kao hito nomeHyx r.ieAao Aa 
yTaKMHny co.ihhx TproBa (Jap orpaHnqn c (|)HHaHHfljcKHM hh- 
TepecHia cpncKnx BMAajiana. Obh cy t. j. caaio OApeAHBiun 
HeKO^HKe TaqKe Ha KoJHMa ce TproBHHa Ha co.ty cKOHHeHTpo- 
Ba^a , cnrypHo , h JiaKo momh KOHTpcaoBaTH je n 3a cbojj* 
Kacy Han^atiHBaTH AeceiaK. Ba.ba Aa.te npn3Ha'rn , j\a cy OBe 
qeTHpn -raqKe 3a iviaBHa cTOBapnniTa cojih AOCTa 3roAHO H3a- 
dpaie. MHorodpoJHH sapaBaHn HaTOBapeHH 3eMa.bcKHM npoH3- 
BOAHMa, CBaKojaito cy cn./ia3H./]n y Kotop n y AytfpoBHnK. h 
HHniTa HHJe npnpoAHHJe , Ben Aa cy ce OTVAa Bpaha^in HaTO- 
BapeHH co.ty aKO He qnai Apyrnai. /IjtfpoBa^Ea h KoTopcKa 
co (Koja o6a Ha3HBa ho cnoMeHHHHMa AO^iase s ) tin.ia je y ueKy 
pyKy KapaBaHCKH (JajiacT. I^apiraa ce njiaTajia Ha HSJiacKy 113 
rpaAa uapnHHKy Kpa.beBOM. 1 ) IViaBHa AyopoBamca Kamija . ko- 

') Mon. Serb. 201. 
') Mon. Serb. 446. 
s ) Mon. Serb. 328, 47G. 

4 ) „D,apHHUKB tboii fl.ii ctoii » Haci/ - mimy , \] dpou'iaiiii upa.i.y 
ILuuiumuhv (roA. 1234—1240) Mon. Serb. 23. 



84 CTyAHJE 3A HCTOPIIJy CPDCKE T1TOBIIHE 

jom ce H3 rpa^a HSJiasHJio y 3axyM.te 3Ba./ia ce ao Haninx 
AaHa ILiotia (Porta Plocce). Bnhe Aa ce Ha toj Kannjn 
Han^iahHBao AeceiaK oa co^ih Kojy cy noAaHHiin cpncEor Kpa.Ba 

H3 /l,y(5pOBHHKa B3B03BJ1H. ObO MeCTO MHC^H Ay maH Ka A J 

jeAHOJ cbojoj noBe.M nunie, Aa ce 3a Ke^njy cb. CaBe y 
Kape.ja „83HMa BcaKO ./tbto Ha TLaohu 50 cnoyABB 
co./in." 1 ) /l t y6poBHHK je 6ho 6e3 cyMite HaJBekn Tpr 3a co 
Ha c/ioBeHCKOM jaApaHCKOM npnMopjy; ajin KaKo cy Kynnn 
fteroBe goae 6hm noiviaBHTO HapoA Hara H3 3axyM.Ba n BocHe, 
to je oh npnpoAHHM HaqnHOM cypeBH>HBO uyBao , Aa My ce th 
Kynnn He OA6njy. Oxy^a a H>eroBa ocotfeHa tloaeterh oahocho 
xproBHHe ca co.ty. dyAa ce aeroBa B^a^a y jeAHOMe nncMy 
oa roA- 1414. aowiH bojboah CaHAa^y mxo H>eroBH noApy^nn 
My B./iacHHij,H „a)Ai>BpaKKMo HapoAB Aa He rpeA« » Hame 
Micro no cgmb", na ce He Moste TaKOMe ^eMy Aa Ha^iyAe, 
„iepT> B'ko Aa bh re Ao6po h naMeTH KpacHH 3aKOHH 
h c/iodoABTHiHHe, koi€ (dj],b HociaHR HMaMo cb p«caroMB 6o- 

CaHBCH/BMB H KaKO fi>AL BHH8 HapOAB pHCaaiBCKH XOAH^B l€ 8 

AsopoBHHKb Ha khh^io no coab. " 2 ) OcoGhto cy 0Be nocaeA&e 
pe^H Baame, noKa3ajyb.n Aa je 3ancia oa CTapnHa /Ij(>pobhhk 
6no MaBHH Tpr 3a co. J ocTa^iOM y qeipHaecTOM BeKy, ko 
HHje x'reo Aa H3 BocHe h 3axyM.Ba cEAa.dE y /ljdpoBHHK, Taj 
ce Morao cHadAera ca co.By y .^pBHMa", ohh H3 3eie, 
PaniKe e „H3 Cp6a.B", aKo HHcy ejhslae inTa Aa Hoce y Ko- 
Top, Mor.in cy KynnTH co y cb. Cpt>y. 3a co c npnMopja 
BHme AydpoBHHKa HajnpnpoAHHJn je nyT y cpncKe 3eM.Be 6eo 
A0.1HHOM HepeTBe. C npnMopja nomaBmn y3 HepeTBy y 3a- 
xyM.te , Hajnpe ce y.ia3H y oaHan, jeAaH , Ha H3^aay H3 ko- 
jera jieatn AaHac ra6e./ia, ihto 6es cyMae Hnje Apyro Bet 



') Mon. Serb. 139. — Y XepneroBimii raa jeAHO MecTO ILioga 
y oaceHy HepeTBimoM , ayiii 3aa , Ma Aa je 6n.io He yAapuy 
KapaBaHHMa, kojii cy 113 /],y6poBHiiKa unijin y BocHy ii PantKy, 
HeMa HHKaKBa cnoMeHa Aa je 6uao Tpr co.iu. 

2 ) Cpn. CnoM. Ay^p. Apx. I, 123. 



CTyAHJE 3A UCTOPUjy CPHCKE TPrOBnHE 85 

dapi Tpr j,/l,ptBa u , Kao hito to n r. 'B. j\ammi\i y CBOMe 
pe x iHHKy koa 0Be penn mhcah. Y „/],pT,Ba" ce co AOHOcn./ia 
Ha .aa^aMa peKOM HepeTBOM. Ha *roMe ce Tpry Ba3Aa dann 
no Aodap 6poj /IjtfpoBiaHa TproBana ca co.by, Kao hito je 
h HHane „napiraa apeBCKa" 6ea& BefcHHOM y pyoMa Aydpo- 
Ba^KHX saKynana. 1 ) Co c npraopja oa /LjdpoBHHKa Ha Hnate 
AO /l.paia , HeniTo ce cTnna^a y Kotop , a HemTO 0A.ia3H.ia 
Ha jiafyaMa y3 peKy BojaHy y cb. Cpl). OBaj je, peKao 6nx 
dapo CTOBapnniTe 3a co , dap oho.ibko CTapo Kao n BpcKOBO. 
Ochm Tora mhcihm Aa he cb. Opt). 6hth oho MecTO Koje ce 
HeKa/i,a 3Ba^o „Ma./io Bpckobo", a 3a Koje apancKH 3eai.bo- 
nncan EAp03HJa Be.iH a& je TproBa^reo MecTO, „Ha penn jeAHOJ 
h He Aa^ieKo oa jesepa." 2 ) 

KaKo ce hhhh, Ha ne.iOM hcto i jhom npusiopjy jaApaHCKoi 
HaJBaatHHJa cy coara& 6n.ia Ha ynihy HepeTBe. Beh cnoaieHyx 
dopdy Mieinka n HepeT.baHa oko co.m. PeKao 6hx a^ je 
oho nocrojaHCTBO , kojom je /IjdpoBHiiK npeA cBprneiaK XIV. 
h y npBoj ho.iobmhh XV-or BeKa paAno a^ 3aAo6nje n och- 
rypa cedn KoHaB/be, y CBe3H ca atyAHOM neroBOM a& 3aAO- 
6nje cacBHM h noTnyHO y CBojy Bjiacr co.in.ia Hepei.taHCKa. 
PeBHOCT, kojom cy /LjdpoBqaHn Taj nocao paAH.in Aaje ce 
npoTyMa^iHTH, KaA ce 3Ha, Aa cy Kpa^eBH docaHCKH npeA 
CBpiueTaK MeipHaecTora Beica or.zieAa.in A& npodnjy CTapa 
ypeljeiba o npoAajn com , na OTBopn.m hob r rpr y HoBome Ha 
CyTopnBH. /La dome a& cy /JjdpoByann OAMax npoTHBy oBora 
npoTecTOBaM (y HoBeMdpy 1397.) no3HB,byhn ce Ha „ciape 
Aodpe saEOHe, koi€ cmo HMa.in cr> napenib OreihaHOMb 

H Cb BbCOM TOCHOAOMb CpdbCKOMb H 6ocaHbC KOMb." 3 ) 

IUTa Bnme y npBoj HaBaM riEeBa AOHecome OA-iyKy „Aa ce 
nocraBH jeAHa opyraaHa aafya Aa 'iyBa , Aa ce co y CyTopnay 



') Cpn. Ciiom. Ayop. Apx. I, 110, 112. 

2 ) Lelewel, Geograpllie <lu Mo yen Age, III, 120. 

') CpH. Ciiom. ,l,yn)i. Apxili;;l, 1. 11. 



80 CTV,1,II.IK 3A IICTOI'IJjy CI'UCKE TITOBIIHK 

He Boaii." ') Hero us jeAHor AOKyaieHTa 04 roA- 1-400 bhah 
ce, Aa ce Kpa.t (Jocjihckh unje Ha to oCfenpao. 2 ) Bhjio caA Aa 
ce Ha oBoiie hobom Tpry co sancTa Heurro cKyn.i.e npoAaBtu.i. 
oimo Aa cy /3,y6poBqaHH , Aa 6h ra o6opn./in , cnycTHJin ueny 

CBOJOJ COJ1H , CBaKOJaKO CO H3 /IjtfpOBHHEa H AJ'CpOBaMKHX 

coAHAa noiejia je Aa ce yHocn y BocHy KpujyireapcKHM Ha- 
'ihuom y Bpjio miipuKOM pa3Mepy. C OBora ce Kpa.b CxeBaH 
Ocroja aiaAii /IjdpoBHHKy roA- 1400. a oBaj uiy OAroBapa Aa 
h AytfpoBatjKa coAHJia Hiajy MHoro inxe're oa „KOHTpa6aHAe 
co^LCKe" Hero HeKa Kpa& nocTaBH dpamy, „Aa ce KOHTpa- 
6aHAa He ihhh coab co./ih a HaBJianrrL ho KpanHii. '• *) 

Toa- 1411. Ay^P 0BliaHH nniny bojboah CaHAayiy: „®6h- 

3HaHAOCMO 3a HCTHH8 KaKO HTjKOH HHOCTpaHHH AOBe30Hie COJ1H 
HOAB HOBH H T»H HpOAame H^KOH fl$Ab R (dCTa^lO H3LHOCHUie 

h nocTaBHHie h K8KH noAb rpaAOMb Aa npoAaAe , a TOH HH- 
KaKO He hhcahmo Aa ohh Bamn koh ch coHbA^n hphhhcthah 

TOH de3aKOHLI€ S^HHHTH, Aa CH HqHHHAH CL BafflOML BT>CTb» l€pl> 

rocnoABCTBo th Ao6po 3Ha rep-b HMaMO 3annce coab KpaAi€Bb 
n rocnoAb , a rocnoAbCTBOMb th h pscaroMb noTBpbri€HO EaKO 
Aa (OHbA'£3H He Mope 6hth h Aa He 6»Ae HHKbAa arkTO cojih 
npoAaBaHbR." ') Ohh Aa.te ane^iyjy Ha AyJKHOCT CaHAa.beBy, 
Kao rpatjaHHHa Ay^poBaqieor , Aa 6paHH npaBa h caodoAmTHHe 
BHxoBe, n y3Aajy ce yib Aa te Ka3HHTH 0He, kojh cy no- 
MeHyxo „6e3aKoibe" AonycTX/iH. Obo je hhcmo TaKO eHeprnqKH 
HanncaHo , Aa je no ce£>n Ao6po iiepn^o oHe cypeBibHBOCTn. 
kojom cy /l,y6poBqaHH qyBaAn Aa HnoKBa crpaHa KOHKypeH- 
n,HJa He yia^iH ao6ht anxoBe TproBHHe ca cojbj. 



i ) „De ponendo unam barcham armatam ad custodiam ne sal 
conducatur ad Sutorinam." — Cons. Rogatorum, XIY Novembr. 
1397. Cpn. Chom. Ay6p. Apx. I AOAaT II. 

2 ) Cpn. CnoM. Ay^P- Apx. I, 30. 

3 ) Cpn. CnoM. Ay6"P- ApxnBa, I, 31. „H TO.wttorre 3a KOHTpaCaHAe 
(OAi> coau , uoa/ia.iu cmo 3anoBT>Aai€ Aa hhtko Heart iqhutu. 
i€pt TaKO hu Bora 11 tboi€ hh^iocth u Haiib th Be.niKS niTeia 
iime 8 Haimixt c.iaeunexb" iita- — 

4 ) Cpn. CnoM. Ay^p. Apx I, 107. 



CTyAHJE 3A llCTOPHJ} 7 CP1ICKB TPrOBUHE 87 

3Haqaj noipomHe cojih, Kao B3Bopa 3a <J>HHaHH,BrjcKH ao- 
xo,a,aK, odpaTHO je naatn,y Ha cede join amoro ape OBe ne- 
pnoAe, o Kojoj OBAe roBopnio. Y TpHHaecroMe n leipHaecroMe 
BeK) r CBy^a no EBponn npo^aja cojih 6eah je n,m mohobo^ 
(,npHBaTHBa" KaKO ce to OHAa SBa^io 1 ) onmTHHa, n,in „pe- 
raji" BjiaAaoneB. CKopo CBe c.iodoAne onmTHHe Ha 3anaAy, 
CKopo CBe TaKO 3BaHe „napcKe Bapomn" no HeiaanKoj nua.ie 
cy y oho Ao6a npoAajy com y cbom MOHonoJiy. 2 ) Y M.Lennia je 
oHa 6njia AP^aBHH mohohoji jom c noneTKOM Aeceiora Beo ; s \ 
y "BeHOBH, Hany.ty, MoHne^njy c noneTKOM XII- or; y n,H- 
pnxy, Ayrcdypry h BeliHHOM iviaBHHX Bapoma no HesianKoj 
h ^paHnycKoj y XIV-om Beity. 1 ) Y /IjtfpoBHHKy c noqeiKOM 
XlV-ora BeKa ko AOHece co y rpa^, Hnje cieo npoAaxn je 
KOMe ApyroM Ben camoj onniTHHH, hjih TeK no Hapo^nxoM 
OAo6pen>y oa CTpaHe KHe3a; Maao no3HHJe 3a6paH,eHO je ca 
cbhm npnBaTHHM ,/iHHHMa aohochth co y rpaA Ha npoaajy, n 
ko 6n je AOHeo, ocyAno 6n ce Aa je CBy H3ry()H n jom Aa 
n^iaTH AeceT nepnepa YAo6e. 5 ) — H y KoTopy, kojh je cto- 
jao noA Byiamhy cpncKnx KpajteBa, npoAaja cojih 6m& je 
npaBo onmTHHCKo , oa Kojera je OHa 6e3 cyMH>e niia^a Aodap 
AOxoAaK. H3 TproBa^iKor yroBopa Mefyy Kotopom n /IjtfpoB- 
hhkom oa roA- 1287. AydpoBaqKHM ce TproBnnaia Aonynrra Aa 
AOHOce co y Koiop ,,aKO ce c onraTHHOM kotopckom Hajnpe no- 
roAe o neHn no Kojy OBa xohe Aa OTKyn.Lyje tj co (si co- 
mune Cathari ad emptionem potent concordare.*) BaH cio- 
^oabhx n noB^araKeHHx onuiTUHa npoAaja je coyin 6kah peia.i 
B.iaAayiai],a no CBHMa ApataBaiia. y cyceAnoj Han yrapcKoj Kpa- 



■') Cibrario, II, 189. 

') Hiillmann, Finanzgeschichte ties Mittelalters, II, 110. 
s ) Mntinelli, Del Commercio dei Veneziani, 74. — Marin, Sto- 

ria civile e polit. del Commercio, IV, 256 Daru. Romanin, 

Storia documentata pass. 
l ) Hiillmann II. 109. — Cibrario na ropn>. >i. 
i XVI, Statutorum, y MaKymeBa Il3c.vkA0B. 158. — 
" » Listine, I, 121. 



88 CTJ'AHJE 3A IICTOI'IIjy CPHCEB T1TOBHHE 

.i.ci'.iihm, komophhhh koju cy npnCnpaM perayi oa com (Co- 
mites Camera Salinarum) noMHity ce BeK c noqeiKOM XIII. 
boku.') BeMTHOM ce, OHaKO Kao y cpncKoj ApaaBH, OApebn- 
Bao orpaHHqeHH 6poj iproBa, Ha Kojnaia ce co cTOBapnBa^a 
m upo/;aBa^a , na ce Ha thm Mecinna BOAnjia h moivia boahth 
crpora KOHTpo^a HaA npoAajoai com , a oa OHora ihto ce Aej- 
CTBHie^Ho npoAa./io h ihto je ynuio y noipomity, Han.ianHBao 
ce „AeceiaK a Ha HMe peraMe TaKce. 2 ) OBaj ce AeceiaK jom no 
HauiHM cnoMeHnnnflia 30Be n „napima com", ra6ejia n Kyjie- 
paK oa com. 3 ) Jom ce odnrao no CBnaia AP&aBaaia Taj ao- 
xoAas, Kao n ociaM apmbhh aoxothh OHora Ao6a, A^nao 
noA saKyn. Ho HamHM cnoMeHnnnMa nsia oco6hto 3 a AeceiaK 
oa com y cb. Cpbj n Ha ^pBHMa AOCTa AOKa3a , KaKo cy ce 
noA 3aKyn AanaM. 4 ) Obo ce Mome pefcn n sa EOMopcEy n,a- 
pnHy.°) /|,a ce AeceiaK oa coxa AydpoBarae A^nao hoa 3a- 
Kyn , Tome ncmHa He 3HaM 3a TaAa AOKa3a , aM ce 3Ha , aa 
ce Taj AeceiaK y3HMao n Aa ce y /JjopoBHHKy CTajiHO tiaBno 
napnHHK Kpa.ieBa h uapeBa cpncKnx. 

CBe mTO HanpeA pesocMo Ay6poBa*raoj noMTnnn oa- 
hocho iproBHHe ca co/ty Moaie c^ymnTH Kao AOKa3, KaKo je 
ia iproBHHa Baawa 6n./ia. BaatHOd H>e3HHa onaata ce jom n no 
TOMe, niTo y HamnM cnosieHnHraa TaKO lecio aom3h peq 
com , radeM , KysiepKy, napnHH n AeceiKy oa com, 
mTO CBe jeAHO hcto 3Haqn. KaA on ce xieM 3aAOBo&HTH c 
opojeBHia y Bpjio pa3MaKHyTOM OKBnpy BepoBaTHOcm , to oh 
ce MorM noc^iyaKMTn jeAHHM 3aHHM.MBHii cnoMeHHKOM kojh je 
Ha cBy npHMKy H3 npBe neTHHe XV-ora aKO He n3 nocaeA&e 



*) Horvath, Geschichte v. Ungarn, I, 119. 

2 ) AeceTKy co/111 no Hesia^Koj biiah Hullmann, Finanzgesch. 
des Mittelalters, I, 68. 

3 ) Mon. Serb. 38, 46, 174, 422 n AP- Buaii y AammniieBy pei- 
HHKy CBe Te pera. 

4 ) Cpn. Chom. AyCp. Apx. I, 112, II, 22, 42, 83, 84. 85; Mon. 
Serb. 178, 452. 

5 ) Mon. Serb. 233. 



CTYAHJE 3A HCTOPIIJy CP1ICKE TPPOBHHE 89 

neraHe XlV-ora BeKa. 5KnBe , Mape n Mapminna . oqeBHAHO 
Tpn op'raKa aKO He £>yAy n Tpn OpaTa , yroBapajy c Kpa.LeM 
^ocaHCKHM Aa y3My napHHy KOTopcKy hoa 3aKyn 3a 500 Ay- 
Kara roAnnme, ajin hoa ycaoBOM Aa aeroBH B^iacn n3Hecy 
13 KoTopa CBaKe roAHHe 6ap 10.000 TOBapa; aKO ah Koje 
roAHHe He H3Hecy, OHAa Aa My He HiiaTe HnmTa. 1 ) /l,eceT xn- 
.^aAa TOBapa o i ieBHAHO je KOyiniHHa , Ha Kojy 3aKVHHH AOCTa 
cirypHO paqyHajy ; Ha cBy npn^HKy ce Taj opoj npn6^n^yje 
npe HaJMaH>oj Hero /in HaJBekoj aiepn H3B03a. H3B03 H3 J\j- 
dpoBHHKa no cboj npHMip dno je Betn, 3a HMO He Maan, 
oa H3B03a H3 KoTopa. Ho cBeMy ihto BaiRHOcrn cb. Cpfya 
h IIpaBa y ^pBHMa 3HaMO, HMaio ocHOBa Aa MHcynaio Aa 
npo^a cojih Ha obhm TproBHMa Hnje 6n./ia MHoro hchoa H3B03a 
H3 KoTopa , aKO niTa BHJie jom n paBHa Hnje (ma. Y3eBraH 
AaKJie Aa je ' Aece-r xn.taAa TOBapa 6aeshq k MHHHMyMy Hero 
k MaKCHMyMy KOTopcKor H3B03a n y3eBHin y noivieA 3Ha^aj 
oct&aex TproBa 3a co , mhcahm Aa Moaiemo y3e'rn , Aa je ro- 
Annma npo^a com Ha cnoMeHyTa qeTnpn Tpra nsHOCHJia Hei^y 
KOJiiraHHy H3Mei>y 50 n 100 xnjtaAa TOBapa. 2 ) 



*) Mon. Serb. 233. 

2 ) HajcnrypHDJe he 6htu Aa y3MeMo cpeA&y KO-imiray : 75.000 
TOBapa. YseBiDH 5 OKa Haninx Kao o6nHHy cpeA&y noBpiniiiiy 
co.au c ryiaBe Ha r^iaBy, to OHa mMuiHHa oa 75.000 TOBapa (koh>- 
ckhx) OAroBapa nony./ian.nJH oa 1,500.000 iviaBa. Ka.i, yaneMO y 
noivieA Aa je noMeHyTa KO-zniiiiHa co^in TpouieHa y oaxyai.ty, 
Bochii, PaniKoj 11 3eiu c MeTOxnjoM, n KaA y3Mejio reorpacjtcicy 
noBpiiinny obhx KpajeBa h c aoiie noAe^iiMO ropay um|>py 110- 
ny.-iaijuje, u3.ia3H Aa je aacevbenocT tux KpajeBa 611.1a 499 r.iaBa 
Ha 1 KBaAp. MHJty. H iiito 3Hano 6pojy HaJBefee Bojcite Ay- 
raaHOBe (80.000!) roBopu 3a npeAuociaBKy, Aa je napoAOiiace- 
Jbe&e y cpncKOJie uapcTBy y najOo^e Ao6a AyinanoBo iianocii.io 
oko 500 MaBa Ha KBaAp. muby. IIpeMa AanamifcUM npii.uiK;nia 
obo je c.iaCa iiace./beH0CT ; a^m He npeaia oHAaniftiiM. Y Eiu.u- 
ckoj ce roA- 1377, paqyHa.10 caaio 380 iviaBa Ha KBaAp. Mii.i.y. 
AyCpoBHiiK y cpeAUHu XV. BeKa Ha Bpxy cBoje c.iaBC HMao je 
40.000 CTaHOBiniKa. De Diversiis. 3amiM.ii.HB0 11 Ba^Kno ninaae 



90 Ciy/UI.JK 3A HCTOPHjy CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 

Ha ci5v npHAHEy Aodap j\eo cons, Koja ce Ha cpiickhm 
TproBHMa pacnpoAaBa^a , Ao./ia3Ho je H3 M/beiaKa a iior.ia- 
bbto rcp03 AydpoBHHK. Obo mhc/ihm ah je 6eaq iiapomrro y 
XIII-om Bei;y, mojka^ h y npBoj no^oBHHH XIY-ora , aok 
paA&a Ha co^onaia na HameM npnaiopjy, joui Hnje AOCTHMa 
tfiwa cboj BajBHiBH nojieT. M.i.eHH cy y Ta ABa BeKa (XIII 
n XlV-or) 6sau naJBehn Tpr co./ickh Ha OHAanmeM hhbhjIH- 
30BanoMe CBe'ry. Be^ino npoH3BOAH>a Ha co.4H.inMa y ^fepBHJn 
^hoijh , HcTpHJn h /l,a./iMaHHJn , Hnje AOBO&Ha 6easl Aa Haainpn 
ro^esiy npofyy cojih ho Tpry MAeTaHKOM. M^eqnhH cy aoho- 
ch^h co joui a H3 CHunAHJe , c a^pnKaHCKHx o6ayia , na yan 
h H3 AcrpaxaHa, Te nyHn./in cBoje AP^^BHe aiara3e. Co H3 
jaApaHCKMx coaeah 3BaM ce ohhithm hmghom „co H3 ^noue" 
(sal Clugiae, sale de Chiog-gio), CBa Apyra co Koja ce H3 
TytjHHCKHx KpajeBa A0B03fljia, 3Ba^a ce „npeKOMopcKa co" 
(sal maris). 03 AP^aBHnx Mara3a npoAaBa./in cy je M^eiaq- 
khm h cTpaHHM TproBunaia , kojh cy je pa3H0cn^H y CBe cy- 
ceAHe 3e»Lie, y HTajinjy, XpBaTCKy, yrapciey, y /ljdpoBHHK 
h Ko'rop a OAaBAe y cpncKe 3eiM>e. MexaHH3aM. kojhm je 
Ap^aBa ynpaBjtajia obom paAH>OM, 6no je join y oho Aoda 
TaKO ycaBpmaH, 3an;ieTeH (KOMHiiHKOBaH) a.o n cnrypaH, Aa 
My paBHor HMa caMO y (J)paHHycKHM (J)HHaHHnjcKHM ycTaHOBaMa 
AeBeTHaecTora BeKa. 1 ) 



o HapoAOHaceAeHOCTu cpncKor u,apcTP.a pacBeiviHtie Han ce nym) 
Tee uaA ce Hafye aKo He KaitaB nonnc AyACTBa oa AyniaHOBa 
BpeiieHa, a oho Oap nonuc kojii je ByK BpaHKOBiiL noo/ie 6nTKe 
KocoBCKe npeAy3eo („pacnncaxL 3eM.M0 kcahko te bb coo^a- 

CTD MOI€Il, KaKO KKMO n^iaKKlTH ASHLKL TKpbKOMB." 

Mon. Serb. 223). — 
') Bha. Mutinelli, Del Commercio dei Veneziani, 74. — Y mo- 
AepHUM napiiHCKiiM ype^eanna Hesia MHoro rata eito Bet Hiije 
6mao y MAeiaiKUM ype^eauMa XlV-or BeKa. TaKO H3Met>y oc- 
Tayiora, OHaj kojii je Kynuo co y M^emiua Aa je ii3Be3e HeKVAa 
Ha dpaHy Bsubajio je Aa noHece 3BaHimH0 hucmo chpoboaho, y 
Kone je B^iacT 3anHca.ia aeroBO usie, KO^uiimy u KaKBohy coak 



CTy,iIiJE 3A UCTOPUjy C'FnCKE TPrOBUHE 91 

3HaiH0 je , ihto Kpa.t docaHCKH Orroja y xproBaqKOM yro- 
Bopy c M.LennMa oa toa- 1404, A03B0.i>aBa OBma cBaKy r rp- 
roBHHy no Kpa.teBCTBy iteroBOM , caaio He TproBHHy ca co.By. 1 ) 
Obo je ear c Tora . , mio je Kpa.i. 6no Bet pannJAM )tobo- 
pnia c AydpoBHHKOM Be3aH Aa TaKO nocTyna , hvih inio je 
caM y3eo 6eo npoAajy co;m y cboj MOHonoTi eae Ha noc/ienty 
niTO ce Ba.ta Aa HaAao , Aa he obhm HanHHOM aobbc-th M.i>e- 
*nihe, A^ h H.ejiy 3a caotfoAy coACKe TproBHHe n^ahajy ro- 
Anrafte HeKy cyiiy, Kao inio cy no yroBopy oa 1380 yrap- 
ckom Kpa.ty AaBa;iH no 7000 AyKaia roAHmite 3a mohoho.i 
npoAaje co.in no XpBaicKoj.") 

co.in.MMa He 3Hamo mTa 3a caAa pehn. /^ydpoBaiKa je 
co AO^ia3H^a noMaBmo H3 cc/iiua Ha HepeTBH ; Ty je HerAe 
Ba.LaAa 6ea& h Bapom Cojutjio. C Kpajeai XlV-or Beo no- 
MHH.e ce nerahe cojihao 6ocaHCKnx Kpa^eBa y HoBome Ha 
CyTopnHH. (Mon. Serb. 528). Y Koiopy je 6hao BaaiHo co- 
jhao; aKo ce oho n He enounce, cnoMntte ce „co KoiopcKa" 
(Mon. Serb. 328). Hchoa KoTopa , a y bmcth rocnoAe 3eTCKe 
cnoMHH>e ce comao ^LyniTnna , Koje KoiopaHH r.ieAajy 3a ce 
Aa 3aAo6njy, n o Koaie nnray (roA- 1420), Aa cy nai ra 
cTapn rocnoAapn (t. j. Kpa.teBn cpncKn) noooHHjin na ra 
Baoninhn Ha coy oie-in. 3 ) CnoMHH»y ce Aajte waeah y Bapy 
(Mon. Serb. 416). Bnhe Aa je obo oho „npBO Aoopo Ha 
Mopy coaeao", Koje no HapoAHOJ necain M,T>e i mLn ninxy Kao 
OTKyn 3a TJypfya IJpHOJeBnha. J ./laTHHCKn nncaHHM cnoaieHH- 
luma AO^a3n pe i i o coaeay y AP aq y- M.i>e T inhH jeAHOM npn- 



nyr KojiiM Ba^a Aa u&e, mgcto y Koje cc ii3B03ii ; OBaj je ao- 
KyjieHaT BaAayio noKasaxu K0H3y./iy n.iii Apyrom KaKBOM areiiTy 
MAeTaqKome y MecTy y Koje co Aoke , a^ OBaj nocie o TOMe 
H3BecTii uapimcKy ynpaBy y M.i>eii,iiMa. Ha hct. m. 

') Acta Arch. Veneti, I, 365. 

2 ) Mutinclli, 76. — Horvath, Gescli. v. Ungarn, I, 218. 

■) Acta Arch. Veneti II, 37. — Oa Aymaiia saacxa inia jeAHa no- 
Be.ta, kojom Aaje Koiopy .AoGpoiy ,,ao .LyTC' Mon. Serb. 151. 



92 CTVAUJE 3A IICTOPHjy CPHCKE TPrOBHHK 

mnoN. A03B0.i>aBajy Baomnhy, /i,a H3 Apa^a H3Be3e ABe 6apEe 
HaioBapeHe co&y y cBaKOj no 200 Mara. 1 ) y Apyroii jeAHOM 
cnoMeHHKy roBopn ce, KaKO ceco „H3 Apaqa npeKO A emu 
hoch y CaoBeHiijy" 2 ) t. j. y cpncKe 3eM.&e, 6e3 cyM&e Ha 
xpr y cb. Opt), /J,pa*iKa ce coaeah cnoMHity h y cpeAHHH XV. 
BeKa, Kao ocoCjhto BaacaH H3Bop 3a AOxoAaE KacTpnorahy 
((keHAepdery. 3 ) 

Co ce Ha CBHMa obhm coaeaemu rpa^Hjia Ha CBy npn.inEy 
y Ayxy oHora BpeaieHa Ky^iyKom HapoAa y HenocpeAHOJ oeo- 
aeew. Oa OBora je ociao Tpar y oHOMe hito je h A^Hac no 
xypcKHM coaeaemsl y Ennpy. Ty cy t. j. ce.'taHH AyiKHH Aa 
ityjiyKOM co npaBe, a.an cy ogao6o\)Gee oa CBHJy apyrnx Aa- 
HaKa n ^aattea ; goaeao je noAe.s.eHO Ha ohoaheo nozba eo- 
jiheo Eyha y ce^iy HMa , na cBasa Eyha Ha cBOMe no.By paAH. 4 ) 

Ho cnoMeHHHHMa AO^ia3e pa3He mepe, Ha Eoje ce co ue- 
pnjia. HajcTapnja je cnyA. Kano Heiaita Mepn co Ha cnyAOBe, 
to je oieBHAHo Ta Mepa HajoOHranja y aeroBo Ao6a. 5 ) Aae aEO 
ce no3HHJe nojaB^yjy h Apyre iepe, cnyA ocTaje Aa ce Ha 
h. co ^iecTO pa^yHa Epo3 neo XIV-th na h y npBoj eoao- 
bhhh XV-or Besa. 6 ) Hapo i mTO ce cnoMnny cnyAOBn Tpra 
ApeBCEor : „h 6eao ie c&ae peieHBXB PacraEB Easo bh cmo 
h npBBO eec?lae AeBeTt caTB chhaobb Be-aixL j\,e6eAEx ap^b- 
cnixB." 7 ) Aae ce co mepn h Ha EaovioBe, Eao h mto : „cfi)^H 
t pin el 6ae u (r^iacHHE XV, 308); „AeceT eb()./il co^lli AeCe- 
•riexB" (Mon. Serb. 534). Jom n Ha „neHTeHape:" „npoAa^i& 
i€ cboi€ cw/in no 44 nep&nepB EeHTeHap& ap^bceh." (Cpn. 
Chom. /Ijtfp. Apx. I, 81). 



') Acta Arch. Ven. I, 355. 

2 ) Acta, I, 281. 

3 ) Paganel, Histoire du Skauderbeg, 78. 

4 ) Hakn, Albanesiscke Studien, pass. 

5 ) Mon. Serb. 6. 

6 ) Mon. Serb. 139. — IViacHiiK XV, 288. 
') Cpn. CnoM. Ay^p. Apx. I. 81. 



CTJ'AHJE 3A IICTOPHjy CPnCKE TPrOBHHE 93 

y M.tennMa ce co Mepoa Ha crape n Ha naie. TaKo n 
y /3,y6poBHHKy. PeKao 6nx Aa cnyA y HamnM KpajeBHMa oato- 
Bapa M.teTa^iKOM n Ay6oBa*iKOMe ciapy. 3a caA je jom TemKO 
nponakn npaBy Be^in^nHy obex KydnnHnx Mepa. JacHO je to- 
aeko Aa je jeAaH KeHieHap ^ap^bckh" nm^o l/ 2 KenreHapa 
AydpoBa^Kor , n Aa KeHTeHap OBAe He 3Haqn 100 airrapa. 
Bet cTOTHHy Apyrnx Hesnx jeAHHnna 3a Mepeae coah (100 
Ka6./iOBa hjih cnyAOBa ? !). 

H o neHauia oBor to^hko Ba&Hor apTHEy^a njiasio 3a ca#a 
TeK Bp^o Ma^o noAaTaKa. Y IJapnrpaAy ce toa- 1366. je^aH 
CTap cojih npo^aBao no 1V 2 nepnep. (Cibrario, II, 297). — 
y M.Ben,nMa roA- 1345. dniHaHnnjcKa je^Ha KOMncnja npea- 
.aaate Aa ce, aok ycipaje paT n 3dor BaHpeAHnx H3AaiaKa, 
co npoAaje no noBHineHoj nemi oa 16 rpoca 3a CTap. (Li- 
stine, II, 265). KaKo je y AJ'KaT y oho Bpeie nmjio 24 
rpoca hjih ABe nepnepe , to je npea-ior Apyrnai pensia nmao 
Ha to, Aa ce co npoAaje no I'A nepnepe 3a crap. Bnne Aa 
ce y peAOBHHM npnJinKama y M.Bennaia CTap coiin npoAaBao 
oa npn^HKe 3a 1 nepnepy. — ToAHHe 1286 M.ieTaqo je 
B^iacT njiatajia capAHHCKy, nnnapcKy n eBnqaHCKy co ca 7 
jindapa a ajieKcaHApnjcKy ca 6 .indapa n 15 co^HAa 3a ma.T 
(MOAnyc); ABe roAHHe AOHHnje (roA- 1288.) n^iaLajia je cap- 
AHHCKy co ca 6 jiadapa n 5 co^HAa. 1 ) OBAe ce ohobhaho 5in- 
c/ie „libraB ad g'rossos" (lire a grossis) Koje cy paBHe HamnM 
nepnepaaia, 2 ) jep EaA 6n ce smc/me „ libras grossorum" (lire 
dei grossi) oHAa dn rraanuia n.eHa jeAHOMe Mary Ha 70 Ay- 
KaTa, a obo dn 6ea& Tc*iko npeKoaiepHa neHa, Aa ce He^a 3a- 
mhcjihth. KaA y3meMO Aa je MAeTaiKa B.Li.ia nyiiOBa/ia co no 
HaJBnmoj n3Hefyy ropitiix neHa — no 7 jindapa n.m 64 ab> 
Hapa 3a aiaT , — KaA y3MeMO Aa.^e y norvieA Aa ce y Mar 
y M.Lennma panyHaJio 1 2 crapa — Aa je AaKJie CBaKH CTap 
Ao^a3Ho Ha 7 Anmipa, — n kra ysMGMO Aa&e . Aa je Bjiafla 



') Listine, I, 145. 

2 ) Romanin, Storia documentata. H. 521. 



94 i.MH. 3A HCTOI'Hjy CI'IICKE TiTOBHHE 

M.i.eT.i'iKfi i, no ropftHH noAaTijHMa npenpoAaBaaa co no 12 ah- 
Hapa (1 nepnep) 3a mp: - on^a h;u;i:;iimo Aa je aoCht M.ie- 
mMKe Apffiase Ha ne./ioj oboj TpaHcaEnHJH H3Hocn./ia y cpeAity 
pyKy 50%. CaA HaM je jiaico pa3yM6TH hito cy M/LenH Ap- 
ataBHH mohoiio^ npoAaje cojih CMa'rpa;iH Kao npBu ii najijavu- 
hhjh H3B03 3a AP^aBBH AOxoAaK, n mTO cy cypeBH>HBO qyBa.in 
Aa ce oh oko He oCJnfye. 

Yo&. 1803. Heioi /J,y(5poB»iaHHH , ne no3HaBajyliii saKOHe 
MJteTaiKe, AOBe3e «3 TpHno/ijca oko 50 Maia co.in y M.LeiKe. 
Ho 3aKony BiJ.Bajio je Aa cBy Ty co H3ry6n, jep je caMO 
M.i>e'ra i iKHM ./la^aaia h M.teTa^KHM rpafyannjia a 3a paiyH Ap- 
aiaBe A03BO.<i>eHO 6eao co aobo3hth. Xm ce B^iaAa cMiuoBa 
na nyreM mhjiocth AaAe AydpoBHaHHHy Kao HeKy naKHaAy 
no 40 Ma^inx coahj\,h hm ABe TpeJiHHe Ay^aia 3a cBaKH Mai. 1 ) 

CBa je npMHKa, Aa cy ce neHe co^ih y /l,y6poBHHKy n 
Ha cpncKHM TproBHMa Bp3Jie HerAe Ha 6j\my oko neHe Ha 
iviaBHOM CBeTCKOM ipry 3a co y oho Ao6a , a jora Ha Tpry, 
kojh HaM je 6no TaKO 6.in3y. 3a obo HMaio 3a caAa caMO 
jeAHO cBeAO^aHCTBo , na h ao H.era AOJia3MMo xeK okojihihhhm 
nyreM. Kao nrro bhaccmo, oa cojib: Koja ce y cpncKe sevube 
yB03HJia, y3HMao ce AeceiaK, Ha HMe napHHe. KaA npeicynnn 
HyAe Kpa^y ^ocaHCKOM 500 AyKaia 3a KOTOpcKy napnHy aKO 
ce oh odBeaie Aa H>eroBn .tyAn n3Be3y dap 10.000 TOBapa 
npeKo roAHHe, to iy ohh HyAe ynpaBO AeceiaK oa HaJMaite 
KO./iHqHHe H3B03a Koja je 3a BepoBaite; Apyi'HM peiMa ohh 
o i ieBHAHO paqyHajy Aa 10.000 TOBapa com BpeAH 5000. 
AyKaia hmh 10.000 nepnepa; y cBOMe payyHaity ohh Aaoe 
CTaB.iajy neHy jeAHOMe TOBapy co.ah Ha 1 nepnepy. 

Am y oBaj HaM panyH He npncxaje jeAaH cnoMeHHK Ay- 
dpoBa^Kor apynBa c no^ieTKa XV-or BeKa. — „B.aax8ina 

') Listine I, 201. — 20 mhaex co.iHAa uni.io je y na.iy .in6py 
(lire a piccoli), a Tpn Ma.ie .mope paqyHa.io ce y jeAaH neaim. 
IIo Tone /I.yCpoBiaHUH je ao6"iio ABe Tpekime AyKaTa 3a cBaKn 
MaT. Romanin, Ha HaBej,. m. 



CTFAnJE 3A UCTOPUJJ' CPHCKE TPrOBUHE 95 

MajinHOBHKb npo^ajiB i€ cbow cojih BpaHKH Kchhkhebo no 44 
nepbnept KeHieHapt A«6pOBaqcKH, repb 6n Aonuo 66 nept- 
nepb KeHieHapb ap^bckh , a no TOMHJKe sp^Me npoAajin c» 
6uae peieHH PacrnKH Maporo Bcokhkio dokit (?) AJ'KaTb 
KeHieHapb ApiBCKn", — nnmy /ljdpoBqaHn bojboau CaH^a.ty 
tor. 1407.') — Ran he 6hth a» neHe y obomg cnoMeenKY 
HHcy flotfpo npenncaHe, h^h ce Mopa y3em Aa ce obag pa- 
3yiae && y KeHTeHap HAe croTHHy cxapa eae KadioBa a He 
cto JiHTapa. 2 ) y obom noc^eAftei cayqajy 1 ciap Ay^poBayKH 
Aomao 6e r,& ciaje 5% airaapa , a 1 dap ApeBCKH 7. 9 ah- 
Hapa. H3 caMor cnoMeHHKa bhah ce , Aa ce caB roBop oahoch 
Ha HeKaoy TproBaiKy mneKy./iauHJy c Be^iflKOM ko^h^hhom 
(en gros; roBop je o HeKaKBax A^BeT cTOTHHa cnyAOBa com 
3a Koje Ba^ta Aa ce PacrnnHMa A^Ae HeKa HaKHaAa) h ho 
Touie ropae ce neHe He OAHOce Ha neHy co^h y chthoj npo- 
Aajn, BeL Ha neHe EaA ce Ha MHoro npoAaje. CaMO Kao 
„aHrpo" — neHe OHe ce Aocxa Aodpo noAYAapajy c oHHMa, 
no KOJHMa je BueTa^Ka B^aAa Be^HKe KOAH*iHHe com KynoBa.ia. 
Odaje mh join Aa aoa^m . KaKO je CBa npnMKa , Aa je 
HapoA Ham y ofoacTH AaHamae KHe^eBHHe jom y oho Ao6a 
Aobo3ho co H3 PyMyHflje , Kao mTO je ce HapoA y 6aceHY Bap- 
AapcKOM CHa(>AeBao co.-ty n3 CoayHa n c MaheAOHCKor npnmopja. 
obhm ABOMa A3BopnMa ca Kojnx ce co y Hame KpajeBe 
AOHOcn^a, 3a caAa jom HeaiaMO HHKaKBHX 6^hjkhx noAaTana. 



') Cpn. CnoM. Ay^p. Apx. I, 81. 

2 ) KeHTeHap SHa^ii y oninTe ctothhy jeAinnma ocHOBue iiepe: kuko 
je BeLiiHii npeAaieia jiiiTpa Cii.ia ocHOBHa je/umima 3a iiepy 
TeaiiHe, to ce Aa Conae noA KeHTeiiapoM pasyiae ooiimiui Mepa 
oa 100 JiHTapa. A.m Aa KeHTeHap unje siopao mi y umc Aa 
cBarAa 3naiii 100 .iiiTapa , Aaje HaM mhcahth iiito liaiawiMo. 
Aa n no Apynm OHAaiiiBiiiM APJKaBaaia oh to ciuir.ia u< uiauir. 
y EmviecKoj ii oho je AoCa .,KenTena", kojom ce Mepiio u on- 
6ep ii BocaK r 3uaiiua 104 .urrpe (13 KameeoBa no 8 .linapa); 
a./in „KCHTeiia u kojom ce rBOJidje Mepii.io anauiua je 100 Ka>ie- 
noBa uaw 800 AHTapa. Da Cange, Glossarium, Centena. 



96 CTyAHJE 3A IICTOl'II.jy CI'IICKE TITOBUHI. 

C Tora ocHOBaHO mhcahm, j\h ce Moaje penn Aa cy Bpami'ieBo n 

rpaAHHITe 6lHAB> IVUIBHa CTOBapHBITa CO./1H 3a CeBepO-HCTO'IHfl 

yrao cpucKor n,apcTBa y XIV BeRy. 

Ha nocfleray HMaM join Aa KaajeM , Aa je iviaBHH yrncaK, 
Kojn Ha 3aBpmeTKy HCTpamHBaiba o TproBiiHii ca co.Ly y Haiue 
CTapo Ao6a , ocraje , Taj : Aa cy Hamn crapn cpa3JiepHo CKyn.Le 
ihiahajiH co , Hero mh AaHac y XIX-om BeKy y KHeateBHHH. — 

2. CBHTe. — Eoc/ie coah HaJBaaangH npeAMex, hah 
ynpaBo HaJBaaiHHJy rpyny npeAMeia 3a yB03 y cpncKe 3e- 
M.te x mfle cBHie. 

OBa pen AO.'ia3H no HaniHia cnoMeHHHHMa y ABa 3Haneita, 
Kao hito ce to Ha Max Moate ona3HTH H3 npnaiepa Koje je r. 
r B. /^aHnnnh y cBOMe penHHKy npuKynno n H3Aoauio. OHa j\,o- 
jia3H Hajnpe y 3Hanen>y roTOBe OAeke : HAaniT , my6a , KOHryin, 
ryn. , KJiamae , cBe je to CBHTa. To je H>e3HHO yate h Hapo- 
nnTO 3HaneH>e.') Jom nemhe ao-^3h OHa y onmTei 3Hanen>y 
3a CBe TKaHHne oa Ma nera 6rag. Y TOMe cMnciy Kaate ce y 
jeAHOM cnoMeHHKy: „BeAHKe nncTe CBHTe pa3AHKe", na 
ce 3a thm nodpojaBajy pa3He TKaHHije. 2 ) H KaA Ay^poBnami 
)iOBopoM oa 1237. c 6yrapcKHM napen AceHOM Aajy Byra- 
pHMa c/io6oAy Aa H3B03e H3 /l,y6poBHHKa : ,,BBcaKH tpbtl, 
3^aTO, cpetfpo, CBHTe h 3AaTBHe nocTaBT.", 3 ) to no a cbhtom 
ohh Mnc/ie OBAe CBe BpcTe TKaHHna , Kao hito to hcto mhcah 
h Kpa.t B^aAHC^iaB, KaA CKopo y hcto Ao6a AonymTa /l,y- 
6poB^iaHHMa, a^ rpeA« cb BeAHMB TpBroMB Ha TpBre Kpa- 
jiiBBCTBa mh , eMBme ©ab KaBaAa Aopn ao cbhab. u 4 ) 



*) „KaAa oyMpt B^iacTe^iiHB , kohb aoCbpb h wpoyffiie Aa ce Aa 
aapoy, a cBina Be/iiraa 6ncepbHa u 3A&Tb n noraci. Aa nuia clih 
3i»." 3aK. Ayni. x Li. 100. 

2 ) Cpn. Cbom. Ay^p. Apx. I, 138. 

3 ) Mon. Serb. 37. 

4 ) Mon. Serb. 46. KaKo je Behima TKaHima, Koje cy ce y cpncKe 
3eMAe y cpeA&eM BeKy Ha npoAajy AOHOCBvie, 6ii.ia oa ByHe, 
to je Mado no sia^o aodmo Aa CBina no npeiiMybcTBy 3Haqn 
ByHeHy mammy ii.au noxy, Kao bito to — AaHac y HeKnsi Kpa- 
jeBUJia 3Hagii. Bha. y ByKOBy penHimy pel CBnTa. 



CTFAHJK 3A ITCTOPHjy CPIICKE TPrOBHHE 9 I 

J\,a, npet>eiao OAMax Ha noje-AHHe Bpcie cBHTa , Koje cy ce 

JBOSEAG. 

KaBaA, (})ycxaH>e. J Ma^o *iac HaBeAeHOMe npnmepy 
HMa aoo3 , Aa ce KaBaA yB03HO. J Tde npHMepy pe*i OBa 
oqeBH^Ho He AO.ia3H y cinc^y HeKe OAeke , Bet y CMHC/iy 
HeKe joni Hepe3aHe cBHTe. Jom je oqeBHAHo Aa oh crojn Haj- 
HHaie Ha ,/iecTBHHH (})HHoKe h cKynohe pa3HHX Bpcra cBnre, jep 
oh n CBHJia CTOje Kao ABe KpaJHOCTH. KaKO ia peq no bh- 
3aHTHjcKHM cnoMeHHij,HMa AOJia3H y HapoqnTOM 3HaqeH>y HeKe 
ffieHCKe OAehe {xafiadiov, = genus palii), to je npn/iBKa 
Aa KaBaA y HamnM cnoMeHHHHMa AO^a3H Kao Bpcra CBHTe, oa 
Koje ce noiviaBHTo upaBH pyBO 3a aceHCKHite. Mhcahm a^ ke 
KaBaA 6hth to hcto, ihto ce no Ta^njaHCKHM cnoMemmnMa 
30Be fosdagna, oa Koje cy ce TaKo^e noMaBHTO ateHCKe 
OAehe npaBHJie. J[ok Ta^njaHCKe paAHOHHue jom hhcv ojaia.iie 
6me, KaBaA ce aohocho y Hame seiw.Be H3 BH3aHTnjcKnx 
KpajeBa h AOTJie ce de3 cynae h 3Bao BH3aHTHJcKHM nmeHOM. 
KaA cy naK TajinjaHCKe paAHOHnne OBe BpcTe CBHTa oja^aJie 
oa cpeAHHe XUI-or Beo OBaiao , TajinjaHCKa MaHy(|)aK r rypa h 
Ta^HjaHCKO HMe hcthc/io je c Hamnx TproBa BnsaHTHJCKy MaHy- 
(fmKTypy h BH3aHTHJcKO HMe. y TproBanKoie yroBopy Mefyy 
/l,y6poBHHKOM h Kotopom oa roA. 1279, yrBpbjjece, komko 
ne na HMe uapnHe n^ataTH oa ecnana , kojh KoTopun , (t. 
j. TproBun noAaHHii,H cpncKHX KpajeBa) , H3Be3y H3 AyupoB- 
HHKa. Ty ce Be^H Aa oa cBaKo 100 nepnepa BpeAHoexn U7ia- 
kajy 30 KpynHHx AHHapa (uito ihhh 2V 2 °/ oa BpeAHOCTH) 
— „ochm oa $ycTaH>e, oa Koje he n^ahaTH hctoj 
HapHHapHHi^H (AytipoBaiKoj) no 1 KpynaH AHHap M.te- 
Ta^KH oa cBaKor KOMaAa <|>ycTan>e." ') yB03y (foycraiLe 
y Hame KpajeBe HMaMo cnoMeHHKa h h3 XlV-or BeK.a: toa- 
1374. Baoma je y3an r rHO jeAHy M&eTaMKy .ial»v. y Kojoj je 



l ) „Exceptis fostagnis, de quibus solvant dicte doane umim dena- 
rium venetum grossum pro qualibet petia de fostagno." l.i- 
stine, I, 128. 

TjAcmiK XXXVIII. 



98 OT/1.H.IK :;a HCTOPHJy CPHCKB TiTOBlllli 

611.10 niiMcliv ocTajora ecnana n (j^ycTaBe. 1 ) IIIto no epncKH im- 
caHHM cnoMenMHHMa ao ca#a ho iuiIjocmo pci ijiycraii.a, to je 3a 
to, uito ce r ra Bpcra cBH're Hajnpe sasHBajia KaBaA, a uoc/ie ce 
vy6]AA& y onnrreM Ha3HBy cbhtc y ocra/iOM Aa ce KaBaA n <|>y- 
craiba yB03H^a h 'rpoiim^a no HameM HapoAy? o TOMe je ocTao 
cnoiaeH y HMeiuiMa KaBaA m (bin-Tan :;a iioki; h:;m<tih; r i,cioBe 
jKeHCKora pyBa no rAeKOJHM KpajennMa (bha. By bob PeqHHK). 

Ho onoiie nrro 3HaM0 Aa <I>ycTan>a y Ta^njancKOMe BHa^H, 
o TexHH i iKOJ npnpoAH 're Bpcre CBH're MoateMo pehu casio to- 
^hko , Aa je to mamma oa .'laHeHe npelje h naaiyKa. OHa je 
npe./ia3 oa E/iaTHa k <1ihhhjhm Bpcraia TBaHHna. Ma'repnjaji oa 
Kojera je $ycTaH>a, Aaje HaM mhc/ihth Aa je ona. Kao n KaBaA 
y HaBeAeHOM upiiMepy, 3ancTa Ha HaJHHJKOJ Hemi Mebj cBHMa 
Bpcraiia CBHTa. OBa joj je neHa 6e3 cyMH>e ocnrypaBajia Aoopy 
npofyy no TproBHMa cpncKMM. 

CaHAao. Mebj TKaHnnama 3a nspaAe kojhx cy ce M.tenn 
cjiaBHM, 6no je n caHAao (Cindalum, Sandalum, dapo(})p. 
Cendaulx, TajiHJaHCKa jom n cindone) ; oco6hto je OBa paAH>a 
y nyHOMe nBe'ry boa y XIV-om BeKy.') J\o Tora Ao6a Haj- 
6o.m ce caHAao npaBHO y BH3aHTHJcKHM upHaiopcKHM rpaAO- 
BHMa , h Mefyy apTHKyjiHMa , Koje cy Yrpn h Hems y XII. 
BeKy H3 D,apnrpaAa a Kp03 Cpdnjy h3B03h./ih, caHAao ce 
H3peK0M cnoMHite. 3 ) Ho HamHM HapoAHHM necMaMa caHAao ce 
TaKO ^ecro cnoMHH>e. Aa He mojkcmo cyMH>a r rn Aa ra je ce 
MHoro no HamHM KpajeBHMa y cpeA^eM BeKy Tponnwo. Ho 
HHcaHHi cnoueHHHHMa 3a caA Hayia3HM caiuo Ha jeAHOM MecTy 
Tpar h to Aocra HejacaH. OreBaH Eoca^ia y xecTaMeHTy cBome 
oa r. 1465. ocTaBjta cHHy CTeBaHy H3Mebj ocTa^iora: n^ianiTL 
napt^iCHora A^ManiKHHa cb 3^aT0Mb noACTaB^»€Hi) 
leHbAOMt ne^iHHCOMB." ') y ./laTHHCKOie npeBOAy OBora Te- 

') Acta Arcbivi Ven. I, 219. 

2 ) Gibrario, II, 240. 

3 ) Hullmaim, der byz. Handel CTp. 102. 

4 ) Cpn. Cn, Ay6p. A P X - H> 125 - r - ^ AaHimiit. y CBOMe peimiKy 
Mucin 3a Hem>Ay Aa je noama nocraBa HeKa (pellis quaedam). 



CTYAHJE 3A HCTOPHJy CPnCKE TPrOBDHE 99 

CTaMGHTa MecTO Koje HaBeAocMO rviacH : Item clamideiu da- 
maschini rultri cum auro suffultam sin done rubro. (II, 
131). OBaj sindon Hnje Apyro Ben caHAao, n Kano ce no 
H'ra^HJH „cendault" n „cendale" H3roBapao Kao ;; qeHAO" 
n „venp,a,Ae", to je aaKO aohmo, Aa ce no Hamesi npnitopjy 
Ta ncra ciBap 30Be „<ieHi>Aa." /I,a je i ieHAa sancTa caHAa.i, 
thm Maite cyMitaM, iiito cy ce y oho Ao6a rocnoACKe o^eKe 
ochm Koata jom Hapo i iHTO 6am npBeHHM caHAa^OM nocTaB.ta.ie. 
H3Mehj BHme npniepa HaBenmy H3 Indpapnja caMo OBaj: 
„toj\,. 1330. Kynnme 3a nocTaBy nyianrra KHe3a n KHe- 
raite oa CaBoje npBeHora caHAao a 6 apmnHa." ') 

Ho HamHM Hapo/i,HHM necMaMa caHAao c/iyatH nooaBnio 
3a aceHCKO pyBO. Y HTajiHJH je c/iyjKno jom n 3a pyBo siym- 
KHfta n Kao (|)HHa nocTaBa. Oa CEpaeTHor cy ce caH^ajia no 
H'fa^nJH jom n 3acTaBe npaBHJie ; Ha cBy npn./inKy 6nhe Taso 
n y Hac. H3pat)HBa./io ra ce y pa3HHM oojana. ToAHHe 1366. 
CKpyieTHora ce caHAaaa npoAaBao apmnH no 60 coavl^h M.te- 
Ta^KHX oa npnyiHKe VA AysaTa OHAamiter. Be^n caHAao y 
hcto BpeMe npoAaBao ce no 40 co-MAa 3a apmnH. Bn.ao je h 
caHAa^ia KpMe3Hor (rpuMasa, cendault vermeil), Kojera he 
HeHa no cboj npn^HHH 6hth HerAe y cpeAHHH H3Mel>y 0Be ABe.~) 

$n ho cyEHo (qoxa) , CEpaaT. - - HajcTapnjn rpar o 
yB03y cyKHa y Hame KpajeBe iiMaio y jeAHOj xpominn A} r 6po- 
Ba x moj , Koja noMHH>yiiH Aa ce y toa- 831. HaqnHiio surp MebJ 
/l,y6poB*iaHHMa n 6aHOM 6ocaHCKHM C'reBaHOM , AOAaje Aa cy ce 
npBH odehajiH Aa OBOMe cBaKe roAHHe ma.i.y „14 .laoTa qn- 
CTora cKpjieTa.* 3 ) Obo je ncrnHa hiimo hoa niaeHOM noooHa, 
slah y caaioj cmapn Hnje Apyro Beh napnmi y Ha'rypn oa mij- 
CKynoueHHJer npeAMeia sa yB03. IIo3HHJe y npBOJ no.iOBHHn 
XHI-or BeKa bhahmo tao /IjopoBiaHE MHpeliH ce c Kpa&eM 
B^iaAHcjiaBOM , odehaBajy My CBaKe roAHHe ciara no 1000 



') Cibrario II, 304. 

2 ) 3a CBe obo Cibrario II, 306. 

*) Kpomnca y MauyuieBa Hsc.rluoB. dp. 318. 



loo c'ry/oiiK sa ncroi'iuy cphckb TPrOBHHE 

nepnepa h 50 ^aKaia CEpjiaxa, „iHCTaro qptJueHora", bojh 

mv ee BeliMa mh./iho 6yae (Mon. Serb. 23). Oa cpeAHHe XIII. 
BeKa cBe ce 'lenihe cycpcTamo ca cnoMeHH&ia o yB033 cyEHa 
y o6aut cpncKe ApxaBe. Kpa.i. CieBaH ypora n3A-»je Ha^or, 
Aa hhko He y3HM^e Ha cn^y „CEp.aaT a hh Apyro iiito oa Ay- 
dpoB^aHa, kojh no 8eiAH iheroBOJ Tpryjy (Mon. Soil*, 52). 
Kpa;LeBH cy Haran y onurre paAO hbmh ua pysy oboj ipro- 
bhhh. H y caMOM 3aK0HHKy AymaHOBY iioAJesi'iaua joj ce cio- 
doAa : „ CKpBJiaTa h Ma^ r t h Beyimte Eoynjii uoipedHa t pt- 
roBijiH Aa rpeA« cbo6oabo 6e3b satiaB'b no seaum naphCTBa 
Aa npOAaio n Koynsio n ipbrsio imko komh Tpi.rb aohohi." 
3a K . Ayin. la. 129. 

y M^eTa^KOMe apxnBy HMa cnoMeHHKa , H3 kojux ce bhah 
Aa ce Hapowro oa noieTKa XIV-or BeKa H3 MAeraEa cyEHO 
H3B03Hyio y cpucKe KpajeBe. H3 roA- 1324. HMaaio jeAaH ao- 
KyMeHax, kojhm BJiacT MAeiaqisa A03B0.taBa AoKaiy A QAQT J 
Aa H3Be3e cBOJa cyKHa y PamKy. 1 ) JeAHHM AOKyieHTOM oa r. 
1331. A03B0.i>aBa ce nocaaHimHMa Epa^>a paniEor (OreBaHa 
AesaHCEor) Aa H3Be3y H3 M&eiaEa „62 6a./ie cyKHa" ochm 
Apyrnx cpe6pHnx cTBapn. 2 ) 

MoseMo petiH Aa je y XIV-om Besy Koiop oho HaJBeku 
cpncKH Tpr 3a cyKHo sao h 3a cBHie y onune. /IjtfpoBiaHn 
h M-keratiH hoch^h cy m caian pa3Hy CBHTy y Eotop , zm je 
KoTopa,HMa AaBayin y KOMHcnjyH. Obo ce ocoChto bhah h3 yro- 
Bopa lel^y KoiopoM h Ay6poBHnKOM oa roA- 1279. (Listine 
I, 128), h kojh ce y XIY-om BeKy HeKO/iHKO nyra o6HaB- 
Aao. Jom ce to bhah h H3 AOKyMeHia jeAHor , kojhm M.te- 
ia i iKa B^iaAa Hapebjje KaKO Aa ce Hanaatiyje HeKa BaHpeAHa 
HapHHa oa cyKBa Eoje ce CpdHMa, a Hapowro Ha Tpry y 
Koiopy, npoAaje. 3 ) JeAaH npH^or k AOKasnMa o yBOsy cyEHa 

') „Donatus de Lege possit deferre ad partes Rascire suos pan- 
nos." — Listine I, 167. 

2 ) „Quod possint conducere ballas LXII pannorum"; List. I, 167. 

3 ) „De qualibet pecia panni, quam (Veneti) vendent seu veudi 
facient in Cataro, quillibet mercatorum de Venetiis per sacra- 



CTyAHJE 3A IICTOPHjy CI'QCKE TVrOBHHE 101 

y cpncKe KpajeBe, HMaaio h y ohom cnoaieHHKy M.ieTa^Kor ap- 
XHBa , r^e ce roBopn KaKo je r. 1374 Baoraa ysamno HeKH 
ecnan M^e'raqKH, a Mehj kojhm ce noamae h cyKHO (paimos. 1 ) 
H y Ay^poBa i iKOMe apxHBy ma cnoMemiKa kojh obo ho- 
TBpljyjy. ToAHue 1395. 10. Maja /IjdpoBqaHH oc/io6ol>aBajy 
oa H3B03He napHHe ca.B ecnan , kojh ce y 3eiy H3B03n , cauio 
He cyKHO. 2 ) Obo 3Ha*iH He caMo Aa ce cyKHO H3 /IjdpoBHHKa 
y cpncKe 3eMJi.e H3B03H^o , Beti jora h Aa ce H3B03H^o y to- 
jihkoj Ko^nyHHH, && je napnHa Ha Taj H3B03 6n.ia Ba^aH (hn- 
HaHHHJcKH H3Bop , kojh Ay6poBa i iKa BJiaAa HHJe TaKO JiaKO MO- 
ivia Aa mpTByje. /I,a je cyKHO 6eao noiviaBHTH apTHKao kojh 
cy /l,y6poB i iaHH y cpncKe 3eiM>e jbo3hae, to ce bhah h ho 
TOMe , nrro Kpo3 neo XIV h XV-th BeK oa xohe Kor cpn- 
CKor B^iacHHKa Aa no^acTByjy hokjiohom ho OHAanmeM onmTesi 
odnqajy, ohh cBar^a to x iHHe hooohom y (})HHOMe cyKHy. TaKO 
Hnp. Mehj OA-iyKaMa Ay6poBa*iKor Beta Ha./ia3HM0 Ha jeAHOM 
Mecry : „Aa ce AaAO rocuoAHHy Baomn hokaoh ao 60 AyKaia 
h to y jeAHOMe KOMaAy cyKHa (qoxe) 3a OAe^io." 3 ) H Ha Apy- 
tom jeAHOM Meciy: „Aa ce tochoahh Kpa.& Tbptko npHMKOM 
OBor HjeroBor KpyHHcan>a no i iacrByje noKJiOHHMa ao BpeAHOCTH 
oa 750 nepnepa y cBirraMa." 4 ) 

Aa ce pa3yMe Be^HKa npofya cyKHa no cpncKHH seM.Laaia 
3a BpeiaeHa Hame caMOcrajiHOCTH , Bajta ce cexHTH Ha Be;inKO 
6ora r rcTBo Hame B^iacTe^e , Ha iapaK'rep oHAamiber ayKcysa h 
Ha OHAaraite o6n i iaje , uao iuto hx y yBOAV HanoaieHycMO. 
Bjiaci'e^HH mije H3Jia3HO Ha *rpr a& Kynn cyKHa kojihko je 
H>eMy 3a H>eroBo pyBO n./in 3a pyBO iteroBHx CHHOBa Tpetfajio; 
aKO je XTeo Aa n cno.i.aiiinoiiihy oapkh cboj no^oaiaj , H,emy 



mcntorum adstrictum tenentur et debeal excutere ab emptore 
grossum unum venetum. 1, Listine I, 4G5. 
*) Acta Arch. Ven. I, 219. 

2 ) Cpn. CnoM. AytfP- Apx. I, 179. 

3 ) „De donando D. Balsae usque ducatos LX in una petia panni 
pro vestibus." Cpn. Chom. Av<"»i>- Apx. II, AOAaT. X. 

4 ) CnoM. AyCp. Apx. 1. XXI. 



102 CTyAHJB 3A KCTOPHjy CFIICKE nioiilllll. 

je r.ii.i.a.io y pjuiiinin iim.tj'm Aocra „CBHTa pe8arax m Hepe- 
:;aim.\", ua.i.;uo mv je CTapaTH ce Aa cy my ABopaHH n Apyra 
'KM.a ; i, iipniToJHO OAeBena, Ba.i.a^o My je OB^e n ohao <u,.ih<iiii; 
cBoje rocxe, upnjaTe.T.e h noBHamiKe no^acTBOBaTFi hokjiohom 
i:.ji i . 1 1 ii m , a jeABa Aa je 6h;io MH^njer noK/ioHa oa jeAHor ko- 
MaAa junior CKpaaTHor cyKHa. Kao toa nno je peA 6110 Aa 
B^aAii./iau; „BJiacTe^ie ^apoye cb^tjihmh CBHTaiiH 8 ') (Ha 
Kojy je uje.i. ties cyMH,e h 0He 62 6a./ie HemifLcwne otmimo), 
Taito je n BJiacTe^HHy nn.i.ajio y HBBecHHM npiLiiiKaMa hoa- 
hochth noKJiOHe B./iaAaou,y n joni napo i iHTO AapHBarn CBoje 
BjiacTejuj^Hte h ABopaHe oko cede. 

Be3 cyMH>e OBa Beano , ocnrypaHa h KopHCHa npo^a 
cyKHa no cpncoM seMJbaiia , oxpadpnaa je Ay6poBaqity B.iaAy 
Aa AOBeAe $aopeHTnHn,a Heipa IlaHTeay n Aa ra cBHMa cpeA- 
CTBHMa npoTeKTBBHe TproBa^Ke no^HTHKe noinoMorHe. Aa y 
caMOM /IjtfpoBHHKy ocByje (|)a6pHKY cyKHa, r. 1433. 2 ) KaKO 
cy /l,y6poBHaHH noaaraan BeanKy BpeAHOCT Ha OAOManeH>e hh- 
AYCTpaje cyKHa, bhah ce H3 onnca, kojh je /^HBepcnc toj 
CTBapn nocBeTHO. 3 ) H3Met)y oaaKmnua n otfoApaBaita , Koje je 
Ay^poBa^iKa Baaaa nnHnaa Heipy HaHTeaH h 6paiy my, hr- 
BeflineMO caMO obo: a&ak cy My HyatHH KannTaa Ha 3ajaM 6e3 
MTepeca 3a Aecei roAHHa, carpaABViH My (padpHKy, aaan my 
Ha noooH Kyhy h BBHorpaA h jom 3a cBao H3pa^eHH KOMaa 
cyKHa A} T KaT HarpaAe. 4 ) 

y ociaaoM cvkho Koje ce Kpo3 XIII h XIV-h BeK ao- 
Bocnao y cpncKe seiLie h Ty pacnpoAaBaao , Aoaa3nao je 
H3 M.teiaKa , aan je BennHOM onao npon3BOA (paopeBTHJcKHX 



*) CTapOiKIITHOCTH JbeTOU. 54. 

') MaKynieB, H3cveaob. crp. 326. 

3 ) De Diversis, Cap. IX, De arte lanificiis fundate Ragusiis 
auctore Petro Pantello. MaKymeB, 370. 

4 ) Appenclini, Memorie, I, 234. — JJosraiije ioxa AyCpoBaqua 
CTeKjia je TaKaB Mac, Aa je jeAaH KpaA <J)paHuycKu mo.iiio Ay- 
6poBa*iKy B.iaAy, Aa My nonuLe HeKo.iHKe Majdope . Aa ooyie 
(frpaHuycKe TKane Aa TaKBy iiciy ioxy npaBe. Appenclini, Ha 

HCTOM M. 



CT.VAHJE 3A HCTOPUJF CPHCKE TPrOBlIHE 103 

pa^HOHima. H y M,i>ennMa je y XIV -om BeKy 6eao ciaBHHX 
paAnomnia 3a <J)hho cyKHo (Cibrario II, 240) ; avin Ten Haj- 
do.s>a n no 6ojn Hajyienma cy ce cyKHa oHora Ao6a Hspafyi- 
Ba^ia y <D.iopeHiiHJH. ToAHHe 1338. 6mao je y H>oj Ha 200 
paAHOHima , Koje cy H3pal)HBa;ie cBaKe roAHHe npeKO SO. 000 
KOMaAa cyKHa; roA- 1368. 6rao hx je Ha 300 c roAnmftOM 
H3paA0M oa 100.000 KoiaAa, oa kojhx je mMOBHHa 6n.ia 
(JjnHe , a no.iOBHHa opAHHapnje BpcTe. 1 ) Y npBoj neTHHH XV-or 
b. y M/beuHMa ce pa^yHajio, A a M^eTaiKH iproBiiH cBane 
roAHHe ma./by Ha hctok (y PoaiaHHJy h yleBanry) oko 16.000 
KOMaAa (JbiopeHTHJCKor cyKHa. 2 ) 

Kao B3T0 cmo y yBOAy HanoMeHyM , HaJBHme ce Tpamnjio 
h HaJBHfflHM ce neHaMa iMakajio cyKHO CKpjieTHo , 3e^ieHO h 
3aracHTO — n^iaBo , Koje 6oje tck cy caao npejiHBn 6oje 
cKpjieTHe. CKpyieiHO cyKHO pa3JiHKOBa.aH cy y ABe Bpcxe: y 
cyKHo, Koje je o6ojeHo nncTHM cKpaaTOM, h Koje ce no 
npeHMyhcTBy 3Ba^o CKpjiaT (scarlatini) y Hac join h „qncTH 
CKpjiaT"; h noc/ie y cyKHO o6ojeHO leinaHii cKp^a-roM, 
a TaKBa ce cyKHa no Ta^njaHCKHM cnoMeHHHHMa 30By scar- 
latini con mezza grana. 3 ) 

neHaaia cyKHa Ha ata.iocT 3a caAa TeK Bpyio ua.io 
HOAaxaKa HMaio. Kao onmin n HecyMH>nB t|>aKT Moaejio Ha- 
BecrH , Aa je neHa OBOMe apiHKy^y 6n.ia Bpjio BucoKa , n Aa 
ce HaJBHninM neHaMa n^aha^o cKpaaTHO n se^eHO cyKHO. Toa. 
1281. 4>nyinn, KHe3 CaBojcKH n^iaTno je y IEaMGepnjy 3a 1 
KOMaA cKp./iera 46 ./indapa bhjchckhx ihto 6h ho x Inupa})ii- 
jeBy payyHy, i ihhh./io 160 AyKaxa. (Cibrario, II, 299). Toa- 
1291. y ^.OBAOHy ce npoAaBa./io sqageo cyimo no 10 coMAa 
h 8 AHHapa , ihto (panynajyhn y KOMaA no 36 apuiHHa) miihh 
3a KOMaA npeito 75 AyKaia. Toa- 1313. Kyn.ten je sa Tpry 



*) Cibrario, I, 254. 

s ) Iobop AyatAa Tosie Moqeiiura, roA- 1423. y Sanuto . Vita de' 

duchi di Venezia, y Muratori Script. Rer. 1 1 a 1 . XXII. 952. 
') Cibrario, II, 253. 



104 CTYAHJE -;\ HCTOPHJy CPnCEE rPrOBHHl 

majOHCKOM 3a khc::;i i i/i, Axaje 1 komra 3ejieHor cyKua 3a 
19 .uiuiipa i\j\u sa 6G AyKaia. (Cibrario,, I, 300). ToAHHe 
1306. KHe3 AMaAej CaBOJCKB ortho je y M.i.eniiMa sa 13 
apmHHa seJieHor cyKHa 23'/ 2 ^yKaxa m.i.ot.'i'ikh, qito 6h 3a 
n,eo KOMaA H3Heyio 65 Ayrcara M&eTaiKHX. /l,yo]>oii'[aHH roA- 
1408 nooan.ajy Raomn jeAaH KOMaA cyKHa y BpeAHorrn j\o 
60 AyKa'ra. 1 ) Mhc/ihm Aa heiao 6hth 6j\my nrrnHe, aico yssieiio 
Aa je Kpo3 ijeo qeipHaecTH neK neHa (|»hhom scieHOM cyKHy 
HOKpeTaaa H3Meljy 50 n 70 AysaTa mot. on 100 — 140 
nepnepn. Hamax 3a KOMaA. CKpjiaT ce join bhitiom neHOM Ma- 
Lao. Am je 6mo h opAHHapHHJHK BpcTa , Koje cy ce n^aha^e 
ncnoA neHe 3a 3ejieHO cyirao. 

CBH^eHe TKaHnii,e. — H3 noByiacrane Kojy je Kpa.i. 
ypom ^,y6poBMaHHMa Aao y cpeAHHH XHI-or Beiu H3 Koje 
HanpeA HaBeAocMo HeKo^HKe Bpcre (Moil Serb. 46), bhah ce 
Aa cy ce h cBHJieHe MaiepHJe AOHOcn./ie Ha TproBe cpncKe. 
To ce hcto bhah n H3 Bnme Apyrnx merra no CnOMeHHI],HMa 
Haninai; Hapo^HTO y AOKyMeHTHMa Ay^poBanKor apxHBa qecTO 
ce cnoMHfty „cbh;ihh nocTaBtnn", „tkheeu,q cBHJibHe" Kao 
npeAMeTH , kojhm /ljdpoBnaHH Tpryjy no cpncKHM 3eM.kaMa. 2 ) 
PeKao 6nx Aa ce y onnrre Mncjie cmjime TKaHnne , rAe toa 
ce y cnoMeHHnHMa HamnM Ka^e Aa je Henrro cpedpoai n 3^ia- 
tom Be3eHO Ha TKaHnnn, a He Kame ce H3peK0M oa lera je 
OBa. Ilojacn , Kojn cy TaKO cyniTacTBeHH ago y pyBy cpeAftO- 
Be i me rocnoAe h rocnofya, BeliHHOM cy ce Be3Jin Ha cbhohoj 
TKaHHHH , npeMAa nx HMa n Be3eHnx Ha KaAH(|)n , Ha xa3Aejn 
h Ha npBenoj Koatn. MnMorpeA Aa pe i ieM, nojacn cpedpoM 
Be3eHH Ha n^aBeraoj cbhohoj TKaHnnn, kojh ce TaKofye cno- 
MHH.y, BeK n^Ka3yjy 6o.lh ysyc ; *) npeMAa y hcto Bpeiae Hesia 
cyMH.e Aa ce HaJBnrae nojaceBa paAH.10 Ha npBeHOJ h 3e./ieHoj 

TKaHHUH. 

'} Biia. HaiipeA huhoa aa Ciiom. AySp. Apx. I. 

2 ) Cno>i. Ay(5p. Apx. I. 138, II, 49, 56, 60. 

3 ) Mon. Serb. CnoM. Ay6p. Apx. II. 103. 



CTJ r AIIJE 3A UCTOPHJy CPHCKE TPrOBIIHE 105 

CBoeHe TKaHHue H3pa^HBa^ie cy ce ao noieTKa XHI-or 
BeKa noroTOBO HCK^yMHO y IHnaHHJH m BnsaHTnjn (flapnrpaA, 
TaBa). 1 ) Oa Tora Ao6a OTno x ie./ia ce OBa HHAycrpnja h y Ch- 
hh;ihjh , AoM^apAHJa n TycKaHH. 2 ) Hajdo.ba ce Ta;injaHCKa 
CBHJia ao XIV-or BeKa H3pal)HBa3a y ./LyKaMa; Kpo3 qeTp- 
HaecrH BeK y M.keu,HMa. 5 ) Hero nopeA cBer nc/ie'ra , koja je 
H3pat)HBaH.e creageex Ma/repHJa y MTayinJH j3&ao , nnaK dmHa 
TemKa cBiua ocrajia je cBe jeAHaito ao caMor naAa D,apB> 
rpa^a , cneunjajiHOCT BH3aHTfljcKe npecro./iHHii,e. CBa je npn- 
auksl , Aa cy ./lame Bpcre CBH^ie A0^a3Hjie Ha cpncKe TproBe 
H3 M^eiayKHX paAHOHnna , a Teae Bpcre H3 D^apnrpaAa (nnp. 
OHa xeniKa u,pBeHa cBH^ia , Ha koj'oj je EipHMHJa MOHaxnrta 
Be3jia 3aBecy Ha ABepnaia xn./iaHAap€KHM h noKpoB KHesy ./la- 
3apy). y M./ben;HMa ce y cpeAHHH XIV-or Bena TemKa iipBeHa 
CBH^a npoAaBajia no 6 MAeraiKHX AyKa r ra 3a apuiHH. 4 ) 

IHra ce joui yB03H^o y cpncse 3eM.be Haj6o^e ce bhah 
H3 nncMa /^ydpoBqaHa k AecnoTy OreBaHy (roA- 1416): „a 

TA'tHO CH CJia-BHH H B6j1MKH TpbrOBe KaKO HO « HOBOMb BpsA« 
H HO HH'kxb BeyiHIl,T>XL MtCTGXb I'OCnOAbCTBa TH a Ha-BJiaCTHTO 
Bb CflaBHH H MHOrOieCTHTH ABOpb TOCHOAbCTBa TH, « KOHXb 

ce npHHOce MHoroii.'EHe BeyiHKe qncre cBHTe pasAUKe , aKca- 
mhth , naHAaapn , xaiaace , xa3bAen h *ihcth cbh^hh nocTaBiiii 
h Be^iHKe MHcre noAbcraBe h oncep." 5 ) 

AKCaMHT je TO HITO MH AaHaC 30BeM0 KaAH(|)OM H./1H co- 

motom. HajfojbH ce y cpeAH>ei BeKy nspatpHBao y IJapiirpaAy 
na oHAa y Ayicaaia ; y TycKaHH h y M.bennMa. HIto my ce y 
HauiHM cnoMeHHUHMa saApJKa^io rpiKo HMe, to je cajio 3nan 



') Hallam, History of Middle Agg. 623. - - Krause, die Byzan- 
tiner 52. 

2 ) Muratori, Storia d' Italia, VII, 99. — Krause, die Byzanti- 
ner, 61. 

3 ) Cibrario II, 218; — Dam. 

4 ) Cibrario, II, 304. 

5 ) Ciiom. Ayo> Apx. 1, 138. 



106 CTYAHJE '.\ II' rOPHJy CPnCEB T1TOH1I1IE 

Aa je ce OBaj apTHKao Hapowro m BHsaHTHJCKffx paAHOBHna 
y name KpajeBe aobocho. TeK no3HO y XV-om BeKy noqnite 
Aa fl,OAnm h Ta.iHJaHCKo JiMe 3a xy H8pat>eBHHy, Bc/iyra, 
bito je oneT 3HaK Aa je y XV-m Bercy Ta.<nijaHCKH npon3BOA 
Beh OApatao no6eAy HaA BHsaHinjcEHM , 6e3 cymh.c ne ageo- 
tom h (|)hho1iOM Beh cpa3MepH0M jeBTHHO^oM. J naniHM cnoMe- 
HHUHMa fotobo je CBarAa pe i i o HjjBenoM aKcaMHiy. y jeAHoai 
ce cnoMeHHKy roBopn : snare pe^eim rocnom &MeHa Ten ab»€ 
cBH-re KOHTaniL 3^aT0M (Jinr«paHi» npbBeHora aKcaMH'ra a 
nocra^eBB xe^bAaMH, a Apsra cBHra m/iaDm npbJieHora aK- 
caiHTa cb ^HcepbHHMH napB'raMH raKorie ncm.cTa./ieHb xejib- 
AaMii i€CTb ie CBHTe (onopa i iH./ia MeHe rocnoAHBH BOHBOAe 
CxenaHH." ') H y TecraMeHTy CTeBaHa Kocaqe cnoMiube ce 
„ni86a Be^iHKa upb^eBa aKcaMHTa/' 2 ) SaaTBO je mio 
y ,/iaTBBCKOMe npeBOAy oBora TecTaMeHTa 3a aKcaMHT Ha jeA- 
HOiie mecTy ctojh Aa je hcto bito h brochatum auri (3JiaTaH 
6poKai) a Ha ApyroM paimum aureum (oneT 6poKa r r hjih 
3^iaTHa CBHTa. 3 ) Moate 6hth Aa je npeBOAHJian, OBaKO peiuo, 
hito je aKcanT tojihko 3^aiOM H3Be3eH 6ho , Aa je nsivieAao 
Kao 3^aiaH 6poKa r r. 

Illia cy naHAaypn, xaMyate h xa3Aeje 3a caAa He 
3Baio Aa KajKeMO. IlaBAayp cBaKojaKO Be tie 6hth Aa 3aaqn 
Karay OAeky, Beh MaTepnjy oa Koje ce OAeha npaBn; obo 
MHC/iHM 3a to, HiTO A0.fla3n y peAy H3a aKcaMnia a npeA 
xaaiyatOM h xa3AejoM , Koje HHJe-AHO He 3Ha i in OAehy Ben Ma- 
Tepnjy. HaK^OH.ea caM Aa mhcihm Aa uaHAayp 3Hann haul 
(IpoKaT. 4 ) (panno d'oro, hjih pannus aureus) , h^h HeKy cuyno- 
n,eHy TKaHHu,y c ncioKa ; Ha obo noc.fleAH>e A0./ia3HM ihto bh- 
Ahm Aa ce Mesj noooHEMa kojh ce no3Hnje (y XVI n XVII. 



') Ciiom. 4y^p- Apx. II, 104. 

2 ) CnoM. /I,y6p. Apx. II, 181. 

3 ) Ha MCT. M. 

4 ) BpoKaT ce npo/iaBao toa. 1363. y ceB. HTa.uijii no 330 3.iaT- 
hhx (fuopeHa 3a 1 KOMa/u Cibrario II, 304. 



CTYAUJE 3A. UCTOPUJy CPnCKE TPrOBHBE 107 

BeKy) i iHHe cyM'aHHMa ej\r oa CTpaHe cy./iTaHa namaiia, 
CBar^a nopeA l ioxe , aiviasa , KaAH<|)e , 6poKaia cnoMHH>e join 
n „nyHeAap", 3a kojh Aaitpoa Be./iH Aa je HenaKBa <|)HHa 
nepcHJCKa TKaHHua , a XaMep : Aa je Heo BpcTa Be3eHHx 
majOBa hhahjckhx. 1 ) — Xakyaa aito He dy^e $hho ypa- 
tjeHa MesaHa jeaeHCKa Koaia (t&a. camoscia) , — oa KaKBe 
ce ca^a o6n<mo pyoBnue BoJHHMKe npaBe - Apyro mh 3a 
caA He naAa Ha yi niTa 6h homo 6hth. — Ochm nojieHy- 
Tora Mecra (Chom. Ay^P- Apx. 138), o x«i3Aejn A0^ia3H 
pen jom n y AOKyaieH'ry o nooaAy rocno^e Jejie CanAa^e- 
BHii,e. Hsjiefyy Apyrnx cbojhx crBapn OHa Aaje: „hok\cb 6h- 
cepaHL Haxa3Aew HpbBeHir'H „BHeHanb Be^iHKora 6ncepa 
c KaiaeHUH 16 nojiojKeHb no xa3Aero." 2 ) H.3 oBora ce jacHO 
bhah , Aa je xa3Aeja HeKaKBa TOHnua h to cKynoneHa. jep ce 
no h>oJ3h 6ncep Hnme n Be3e. J HapoAHHM necMana OHa ao- 
;ia3n y cMncay HeKe ropn>e OAeke n to CBar^a CKopo c enn- 
TexoM „KOJiacTa asABJa" ; no HerAe jom n c 6jihjkhm 03Ha- 
iieH,eM fl,& je to cBH^ena Heo MRTepnja („ y cKyr cBH.ieH 
Ko^acre a3AHJe"" Hap. necaie). Ho cBeMy mhcvihm a^ ke to 
oVrn HeEa BpcTa cKynoueiie CBHyie, MOJEAa aiviac. KaA je 
no3HHJe Apyro niie hcthcio HMe xasAeje as 3Haneita HeKe 
TKaenne, oho je ocra^o && 3Haqn OHaj ago OAe.ia, kojh ce 
oa H»era HaJBHme npaBHO. EnnTer „maacT B 3Hann Aa ce 
TaKBa OAeha Be3./ia 3JiaT0M y inapama OKpyrviHM Kao ko/io. 

3 j a t He nocTaBe, Koje ce cnoMHH>y Kao npeAMeT H3B03a 
H3 /IjdpoBHHKa y 0Be KpajeBe (Mon. Serb. 37) aKO He 6yav to 
niTO h ..uaHLAaypn" n^n -tipoitaT, 6nh.e j\,n cy oho ihto ce no 
OHOBpeMeoHM Ta^iHJaHCKHM ciioMeHHUHMa 30Be „bisetta auri 8 
((J)paHij,. besette d'or) , a obo je npetjHua oa sjiaTHe jKiin,e, ko- 
jom ce pyBO y pa3HHM mapaMa kethao. Toa- 1366. y M.bennsia 
ce npoAaBao apniHH dnse're no AyKaT. (Cibrario, II. 30-*)). 

') Hammer, Gesch. des Osman. Reiches, VI, 705, Miim&eBe onor 

npBor Ha dp. 709. 
2 ) Cnoii. Ayop. Apx. II, 103. 



108 cryAHJE 3A WToriuy cpjicke titobiihe 

Join ce no cnoMeminHMa bhah A* ce \ko3ho armm iiikjih 
(AaMacT), 6paiHH n ne^iyH. 1 ) IHia je 6pawH ho 3iiaM0 3a 
caA ; bhah ce A» je Heita cKynoi^ena Ma'repnja, Penao £>hx a& 
je tfpawra h xasAeja j'caho iicto: y noiuaAy r^e Je.ie y 
jeAiiOM ce cnoiaeHHKy roBopn o nemty dncepHOM kojh je ca 
16 Aparax KaHeHa no-ioateH no xasAejy -- Koje je eBe cKyna 
TeraKO 6 yHaua (Cn. Aytfp. Ap. I, 103), a y ApyroM jeAnosi 
cnoMennKy o H>e3HH0Me noiuaAy roBopn ce oner o BeHny 6h- 
cepHOM kojh je ca 16 Aparnx KaMeHa (10 pydnHa h 6 ryp- 
KH3a) no./ioateH no tfpaquHy, a cBe je TemKO 6 yHaqa 2 
aKcare (Mon. Serb. 368). — ^e^iyH je TajujaHCKO eel one 
npyrada TKaHnna , Koja ce o6hhho y3HMAe 3a 3aciope h 3a- 
Bece. Jom ce cnoMnite n „rpHMH3" („oo6«kl npwtHa rpii- 
MH3a" Mon. Serb. 498; „n.iamTb na./iHHa rpHMHsa" /l,y6p. 
Apx. II, 125), o KOMe He 3HaM0 n3BecH0 Aa ae je cymio 
eau KaAH(])a KpMe3He 6oje. 

Jom y jeAHOMe cnoMeHHKy A0/ia3H pen nopeA cyraia n o 
„6kAb u -y. ,,Bjeyb" je 6e3 cysnte oho hito h r. %. /l.aHHqnn 
y CBOMe pe^HHKy Be.wr, — gausape, rydep, kede. Hero 
Ba.La mh npnsHaTH a a Hnje jacHO Aa .in ce OBaj npeAMer 

yB03H OH H3B03H H3 HaiHHX 3eMa.La. 2 ) 

H cBHTe y CMHc/iy totobhx H3pal)eHnx OAeka yB03H^e 
cy ce, Hapo^HTO njiaiHTeBH, my6e n KyHTyniH. /Ijtfpo- 
BaMEH cy cBHTapn 6eae Ha r./iacy Kao h AydpoBaqKH sjiaTapn 
h ^eKapn. Jom y AeBeTOMe BeKy (roA- 831.) nopeA CKpaaTa 
AydpoBHHK ma.ie 6aHy 6ocaHCKOM CBaKe roAHHe h no „je- 
AaH n.ianiT no docaHCKOM HaqnHy" (un mantello alia 



') .,n^iainTb np^ienora AananiKHHa." CnoM. Ay6$. ApxiiBa II, 131. 
— „H>AaHB BeHaHbm. ftncepanb no Hpb^enoMb 6paiHHH" Mon. 
Serb. 380; „3a 6painHb hito cmb «3e^ib « nrera neTb Ha Ae- 
ceie jiHTapb cpe6*pa T03n mk nyiainTe." Ciiom. Ay^P- Apx. II, 
64. — .,IIoc.aacj(io KOMaAb u,iAb npb.iiHa qe.iSHa." CnoM. Ay^P- 
Apx. I, 95. 

2 ) Cnosi. Ayop. Apx. I, 135. 



dyAHJE 3a ncTOPiny cpncKE tppobuhe 109 

Bosnense.') Hanpea cnoMeHyie OAeke H3pal)HBa.ie cy ce o6mno 
oa HajcKynon,eHHJnx Maiepnja , nocTaB.1a.71e CKynon,eHOM nocTa- 
bom h 6oraTO Be3.ie 3JiaTOM. CBe ipn cy ocotfeHe Bpcxe ropae 
OAete: naaniT je orpiaq 6e3 pyKaBa, inyda lie Ha CBy npn- 
jihkv 6hth ropfoa OAeha ca mnpoKHM pyKaBHMa , noqeai ce 3a 
KyHTyra 3Ha, j\a je to ropn>a oAeka c y3aHHM pyKaBHMa. 2 ) 

3. „Be^HKe nncre HOACTaBe." J yBOAy cho Hano- 
MeHyjiH, KaKO je no cbhm 3eM.%aMa cpeA&era BeKa npeB.ia- 
tjHBao yKyc Aa ce tforanrrnHa noKa3yje y cKynoneHHM nocTa- 
BaMa. OBOMe pacnpocrpTOM yKycy Ba.ta npHnncaiH BeJiHRH 
H3B03 ahch*ihjhx h Apyrnx Koaca n3 cpncMix 3eMa.ba y M/ra- 
jiHJy h Aa.T.e Ha cBeicKe TproBe. Obom hctom yKycy Ba.ba 
npHHHcaTH h OHaj RHaiaj kojh o^eBHAHO /l,y6poB^iaHn no.iaaiy, 
KaA noMHfty y HaBeAeHOMe nncaiy aecnoTy OeBaHy, KaKO ce 
Ha Be^iHKe cpncse iproBe AOB03e h „Be.oKe ^incre hoa&- 
daBe." (Chom. j\,y6\). Apx. I, 138). 

Utra ce ynpaB mhc/ih uoa ohhithm HasHBOM h .,Be.iiiKe 
qHCTe HOACTaBe", MOKeiao casHaiH aKO ce OKpeHeio no pii3Hn- 
uaiaa Be^HKe cpncKe rocnoAe. IIo nncaHHM cnoMeHHHHMa Ha.ia- 
3hmo rAe ce Ha jeAHOM MecTy chomhh.6: „njiamT noTbcra^enb 
xe.ibAaMH", m oneT „KOHTHinb nocTa^eHb xe./ibAaMH", Ha apy- 
roM jeAHOM „raH0a HOAbCTajieHa 3h6h^hhh." 3 ) Y HapoAHHM 
neciaMa ochm caMypoBHHe , Koja je to hgto ihto h 3h6h.ihhh 
jora ce cnoMHibe h pncoBHHa. Xe./iAa je Moate 6htii ihto h 
xepMe^HH (Koata oa 6e;ie kjhq). 

4. ^eTBpry noAJeAHarco Baaray rpyny yB03a 'iune upon 3- 
boah MeTa^He HHAycTpnje. Ty Ha npno Mecro Ao.ia:w 
yB03 opyatja , 3a thm yB03 cpe6pHnx h SJiaTHnx craapn , h 
noc./ie pa3He H3paljeBHHe oa rBoatfya, uaispa, Baaaja, ryia. 

») AyCpoBaqua itpoiniKa, y m. MarcyineBa H3Cji>caob. op. 318. 

2 ) y xypcKOM ABopcKOM uepiiMoiuija.iy pa.uiiKOBa.iu cy ceAaM Bpcia 
rop&nx oAeba lacTH, a jeAHa jc oa h.iix nn.ia .. kohtoih — 
hjpaK", kojii Xainep omicyje Kao „eng&rmeKger Hermelinpelz." - 
Hammer, Gesch. des Osman. Reiches X, 355. 

3 ) CnoM. Ay6p. Apx. II, 104, 105, 124, 125. 



HO CTy/UUK 3A IICTOPII.I.V CI'IICKK TITOBUHE 

Opyatje. Ho epncEHM :jt'M.i>;iMa y ope^aeM m\i\ 6hao je 
flocTa EOBa^a, kojh cy HaMHpHBajm otfHiHy noTpedy y Ma^e- 
Boia, crpeyiaMa, 6o&\Mum\ koii.i.uuhm h y ApyroMe cBeiiy hito 
je oHOBpeiweHoM BOJHHEy Tpetfaao. Benrni a BJiocpettHB KOBai 

rafi.1,0 l>l»;i.l,ci!iili;i MapIU HIIJG T6K CRMO CTBOp IICCHHiIKe 

Mamie. PeaoBHe bojckb HHje 6h./io,ochm qeie TejioxpaHHTe^a 
B^aAao^ieBHx , kojh cy BelinnoM 6hm HaJMAeHBun m CTpaHHX 
3eMa.-ba ; me je CBaKH B.aac;rejiHH 600 AyAian #a Ha ho.3hb 
B^aAao'ieB Aofye j\h saa paTyje h Aa ca co()om AOBeAe ihto 
BHine Moate opyataHHX .by ah ca cbojhx uaiirrnHa. Kao rofl hito 
je HenocpeAHH EHTepec Kpa^eB 3axieBao m cy My Teao- 
xpaHHTe.M ihto 6o<Be HaopyataHH, TaKO je HHTepec 11 aacT 
Bjacre^HHOBa 3axTeBajia Aa cy npaiHOHH Ao6po HaopyaaHH. 
CpncKH ce HapoA h y oho Ao6a, aiopao HaATHHa™ ca cyce- 
Aima Aa HMa ihto 6o.te opyaye. 1 ) Ha nocaeTKy h caM npaBau, 
OHAamH.er ./iyKcy3a tohho je B^iacTe^HHa Aa HMa ihto je mo- 
ryhHo caBpnieHHJe h jenrae nspafyeHO opyseje. KaA jom ysMeMo 
y noMeA b to, Aa ce Haj(5o.i>e opyatje OHora Ao6a H3pal)HBa^o 
y MAeHHMa,') OHAa KeMO HahH Aa je npnpoAHO, mio je h 
yB03 opyffija H3 M^e-rao y CpoYjy Aocra jrhb 6ho. 

AydpoBqaHH cy ce noaiypH^H Aa h OBy TproBHHy y cBOJe 
pyKe y3My. Be3 cyMH>e MHoro npe AyinaHa ohh cy He caMO 
npoAaBa^H opyaje H3 M.te'raHEHx paAHOHHua no cpncKHM Tp- 
roBHMa, Hero cy ra Kpos CpoVjy npoHocn^H h y Apyre se- 

') Je3rpo BojcKe BH3aHTnjcKiix uapeBa y XIII 11 XIV-oh b. hb- 
eeau cy oiuonHiimi , KOH>aHHU,n opyataHii KouJbeM 11 MaieM, ca 
rB03AeHHM ui^ieiiOM, naHaepoM b bithtom (bha- Krause, die By- 
zantiner, 127). Kaico je cpncKa BojcKa HaJBnnie Hwa.ia Aa ce 
Copn c Bbiuia, to je cpncKHM KpajteBBMa noipe6a 6n.aa Aa h 
caMH BMajy OK.iOEHBKe. CpncKH cy OK^onHnmi 3aAo6ii.in boeito- 
Baaa n y caimx BenpBJaTe^a. BH3aHTiijcKH 11 TypcKH bbcbii 
CBarAa roBope H>uMa, npB3HaBajyLu hm jyHauiTBO b bo iisrjieAy 
11 Ha Aeyiy. 

2 ) B3B03y M^eTaiKor opyjsja Ha cBe cipaHe OHora Ao6a biiah 
Cibrario II, 240. 



CTYAHJE 3A IICTOI'lIjy CPnCttE TPrOBHHE 111 

MJbe. Obo ce bh/i,h 13 OHor cnoMeHHK.a , kojhm mm AymaH Aaje 
cio6oAy TproBaaa no cpncKHM 3eM;i>aMa, a^ia AOAaje „G>pH- 
Me Aa He Hoce « T«rio 3eM^K>" pasyMeBajyhn no a thm Kao 
mTO caM odjaumaBa: Yrapcity, BocHy, Becapa6njy, ByrapcKy 
h TpqKy ; „kbto ae ce cadpexe ncmecb copsatnux « hhh 3eMtJiio, 
Aa m» ce Bbce to3b~ g>phjkhi€ H3BMe." l ) — Ho cnoieHHuiraa 
jLteiaqKor apxHBa bhah ce, Aa je Kpa./B MoyrnH c nowrKOM 
XlV-or Bena yB03no opyatje H3 M./teTaKa y Cptfnjy Heno- 
cpeAHO.") OHaj /lyop jlyKapnh, o Koue ce y jeAHOMe cno- 
MeBHKy oa roA- 1313. Be^H Aa je x'reo Aa H3Hece 90 ia- 
i ieBa 3a noipetfy „CHaa Kpa.ta paniKor", 3 ) 6e3 cyMae je 
/IjtfpoBiaHHH , h y TOMe HMaMO jeAaH AOKa3 BHme , KaKo cy ce 

Ay^pOBiaHH TOM TprOBHHOM SaHHMaJH. 

3aHHMAHB0 je, KaKo 6am H3 npBe roAMHe B^iaAe /ljmaHOBe 
HMajio cnoMeHHKa o H>eroBHM Ha6aBKaMa opyatja. Ben y Majy 
1336. MJteTaMKa My B^aAa Aonym'ra Aa H3Hece Heniio opyatja 
y BpeAHOCTH ao 30 ./ratfapa rpoma (XXX librarum grosso- 
rum) hm y oHAaniiteM hobuj ao 300 AysaTa M^exaMKHX. 4 ) 
— y /I,ei],eM6py ncie roAHHe 0A^y i iyjy (Listine II, 11) Aa 
My ce AonycTH Aa Kpo3 M,teTKe npoBeAe ao 300 nemaKa, 



') Mon. Serb. 140. 

-) Listine, I, 166. 

s ) Listine, I, 266. 

4 ) Listine, II, 4; Acta Arch. Veneti I, crp. 20. UlTa ce u ko- 
jIuko opyatja 3a 300 AysaTa mooo ao6hth y IVLteiuiMa y oho 
Ao6a, TOMe imaMo iipuiwepa oneT y jcahom m.lct. ciioMeHincy oa 
roA- 1339. Te roAirae 18. Maja HaA-ieatHa B.mcT y M.temiJia 
OA^iy^yje Aa men He^innnb. Moace naneTii opyaija ao 30 AnKapa 
(300 Ays.). T Ieriipii AaHa nooae Tora areHaT HeanimkeB, MapKO 
H3B03H: 33 HanpcHa oioioiia (curaciis) 12 oBpaniiiua (collariis), 
12 napu rB03ACiuix uapyiunma (XII par. manicarunn. X ant. 
(?!), slapis cum ccrvelar. XXX, XX paridus curtecharum, 3 
napa oK.iona aa rciemme, 5 napu .lyitoBa ca crpe.ie (? brazalo), 
7 TyoeTa 6oAii.ia Bonj>aHHX, 8 MaieBa, 3 ciipane 3a fianau>e Ka- 
Meiia (npii oncaAu, balistse). Listine, II, 42. 



112 'i.v.UlU: 3A HCTOPHjy CFDCKE Tl'l OBIIHE 

Koje je jijiymho iiaJMirni jk-i.h- Bae M.beraiia , 6ea <\Mii>e y 
A./ieMiiiiiijn , a KOJH My Tpetfajy, EtaKO r.c.in , sa carypHOCT 
cBoje ^hiihocth. Y Majy foa. 1341. /J,yinan oneT hbbobb 500 
oooiia iiiiii|)iHiix (coraciis) , 200 napn rBOSfleHHX HapyKBHija 
h 200 ooona 3a royiennne (Listine, II, 111). Y Majy 1342. 
AonyniTa My ce Aa H3Be3e: HanpcHHX OK/iona n Apyrora bito 
je no'rpedHO Aa ce naopyrca cTOTHiiy koilhhiiiwi . n join ner 
croTHna iiamiepa c npH(5opoM. (Listine, II, 144; Acta I, 
29). 20. HoBeMdpa 1345. npeKo Marnje rpaAiilia, Ay II,aH 
ouex H3B03H : 300 HanpcHHX ooona , 300 ro/ieHHyunx ooona, 
300 oBpaTHHi^a, Tpncxa hhckhx iiweMOBa (barbate) h Tpncia 
mTMTOBa (clipeis). (Listine, II, 289; Acta I, 51). roAHHe 
1347. y Majy oh one r r H3B03H: 300 napn ooona HanpcHHX, 
50 mjieMOBa, 50 ro.ieHnqHnx ooona, 50 oiipaTHnua m 300 
rBC-3/ieHHx mipyKBniia (cirotechas). (Listine. II, 453: Acta 
I. 98). Toa. 1348. Ay maH Kynyje y M.i>ennia neiBpn ca 
cbhm HaopyataHe ra^inje (Acta. I,. 110 n 115). Y JyHnjy 
1849. oh H3B03H : 400 ari'HioBa HanntbeHnx no cpncKOM Ha- 
HHHy (clipei more sclavorum IIII cent.), 100 naHuepa h 
100 napH HapyKBnna oa rB03AeHHx JiaHiHha hjih KOJiyrnha 
(de nialia). (Acta, I, 124). 

H3B03y opyjKja H3 caMor Ay^poBrnma y cpncKe seM.Le 
ochm OHor nanpeA HaBeAeHor cnoMeHHKa (Mon. Serb. 146) 
HMaMO h je^aH oa 1412. H3 Ay6poB. apxHBe, eojh je 3a- 
hhmahb join n 3a CTyAHJy o noJMOBHMa oHora Ao6a o Mel)T- 
HapoAHOM npaBy. BojBOAa CaHAaji ata^HO ce 6eo hito A)' - 
6poBiiaHH upoAajy opyatje KoTopnnMa , c KOJHMa je oh y paiy. 
Ay6p0BHaBH My Ha to OAroBapajy: „Mh hmrmo Mancrope ©ab 

(OpBatHtH , KOH CTOe CB HaMH Ha UA&TU H Ha HB'BTb A a CH 

c» boihh CBora opajRbR npoAaiH BbcaKOMS h HSbHecrn Ha 

ABopi h BbSfrk e ©TBopeH 6EAb rpa/ib sa TaKOBe pa- 

6oie BbcaKOMS KaKO h tochoabctbo th 3Ha, a uaByiacTHTO 
kbah a pais h a HeMnps dime Kpa^bBBbCTBo srpbCKO cb Kpa- 

JllCBbCTBOMb (SocaHbCntMb , A^pOBHHKb 6'EHie ©TBOpeHb BbCa- 



CTS'AIUE 3A HCTOPIIjy CPnCKE TPrOBUHE 113 

K0M8 6oiIIHaHIIH8 KHBOBaTB (dptfjEblft IT H3bHerM . . . . H K8- 

noBaxs h HSBHOinaxH KOyinKO xrix8 ; TaKo n cbah bo.ik*hb hj 

BBCaKH K8HHTU H HSbBeTH. u ') 

H3 npniiepa Kojn cy nanpeA HaBeAeHH Moate ce BHAern 
KaKBa je neHa 6ka& opyffijy y M.Lennflia , Ha iviaBHOJie cBer- 
ckom Tpry OHora aoo\t 3a OBaj apriiKao. PaAH ynopei}eita c 
THMe HaBemheMo no ^ndpapnjeBHM noAa'rnnMa . Aa je KHe3 
caBOJCKH AiaaAej , ftaBeiiH ce toa- 1366 y M.teu,HMa n.iaruo: 
3a 1 jiyK 1 AyrcaT M.BexaqKH , 3a 2 napa ro./ieHn i mnx OK.iona 
(arnesJum tibiarium . jambiere) 10 AVKara . 3a 1 Hanpcmi 
oiuon 3 AyKaxa. ToAHHe 1377. UA&mJW cy HerAe y ceBep- 
hoj HTa.injn 3a 1 otuon oa ledHKa 22 Ay Kara.") 

3.aaTHe n cpe6pHe rrBapn; Ha-KHT. — HajcjiaBHHJe 
paAnoHHD,e n HaJ3HaTHnjn iproBH 3a OBaitBe CTBapn y cpeA- 
H.eM Beny 6eavl cy IJapnrpaA h M.teiiH. 3 ) n3B03y obhx 
CTBapn H3 MiLeraKa y Cpdnjy niaaMO jeAaH cnoNeHnK y n.Be- 
Ta i iKoj apxHBH oa roAUHe 1331. (Listine, I, 167). Heron 
/l,y6poBHUK ce Beh y npBoj ho^obdhh Xlll-or BeKa Ha^neno 
BaxaH Tpr 3a OBaj apTHKao , Koje npnaiajyiin ra n3 MVbe- 
TaKa y KOincnjyH , Koje Hspaijyjyiin ra y paflHOBHiiaMa cbo- 
jnx 3jiaTapa. Obo ce bhah u3 yroBopa c AceHOM , o komo 
HanpeA noMHH>acMO n v KOMe ce n3peKosi Aonyiura dyrapcEHM 
TproBiinia , j\n ws /ljtfpoBHiiKa Mory hsboshth 3JiaTHe b cpe- 
6pHe CTBapn. (Moii. Serb. 35). /IjtfpoBaqRa HHAycrpnja sam- 
hhx n cpedpHHx CTBapn y ocTaiiOM je r reK y cpeAnun XV. 
Besa AOCTHrjia cboj HaJBnmn pasBHTaK, y Bpeaie namer TJypl>a 
CmeAepeBna, hoa kojum je AydpoimiiK saEynoM Apatao naj- 
rjiaBHMJe pyABHKe cpeopa n inaia y Cptfnjn y eKcnjioaTaiiiiju. 4 ) 



') CnOM. Ai'Op. Apx. I, 114. 

2 ) Cibrario, II, 209, 306. 

3 ) napnrpaACKOj iiHAyeTpiijn saaia n cpeopa biiah y Krause : die 
Byzantiner des Mittelalters ; 66 u 278: 3a M^eTKe biiau Ci- 
brario, Marin. Darn, Romanin. — 

4 ) Engel, Gesch. des Freistaats v. Kagusa. 

fjACHHK xxxvin. » 



] 1 I CTyflHJK :;a nCTOPHJJ ' III' Kl. I I'l 'OBII UK 

Ca cbhm ce uepoBaTH Moate ihto AiienAininja bbae, p,a je OBa 
paAfta nuja.iH bhcoko Befc c KpajeM XlV-or n no^eTKOM 

XV-or B6Ka, H fl.Sk joj je xpaHe 3a no.ieT il |ia:;i:irnn,- ,i,ai;ao 

6ani napowro yityc rocnoAe rocnotja cpncKHX 8a HaKHTOM 
oa Aparor Moxajia.') 3iia i iajno je , noiuCivjvl.n iraKo ce c 
pasiinx crpaiia OBaj apTHKao y Cptfirjy aohocho, dito ce ochm 
cpeopimx m BJiaTHHX CTBapH ,,^aTHnciuix ijiopaaia" n 
ochm „poMena i ia <J> p y in k h x " y XV-om Beny ne peTKO cuo- 
Miin.y ii ciiia jni s yrapcKHx iftopaMa", (Hiip. nojacii yrapcKH 
n Kyne yrapnce y 6./iary TJypfya CMe/i,epeBii,a ). 

paBHOBpcHHM npeAM6THMa BJiaTapcKe paAHHOCTH, kojh cy 
y TproBimy oHora Ao6a AOJiasaM, mhc/ihm Aa heio Haj6o.by n 
HajnyHHJy Macao caeiaBHTH MotiH, ano 3ar^eAaMO no pH3iiH- 
uaMa cpncKe rocnoAe, oko ce KapaKTepHa (Mara tux pn3- 
HHB,a or./ieAajy y AOKVMeHTHiia o noiuaAHMa y /ljdpoBHHK. 

Epe cBera Ba^a HaM pefen, Aa je BC/teyienHocr npaBocaaB- 
Hor doroc/iyaceiba mbo odoApaBajia oBy paAHHOCT h cTBOpn.ia 
wrany sacedHy rpyny y iboj. KpcroBH , uyinpn, ah<'koch, oh- 
AH/ia , HKOHe n KH>ure OKOBane y cpedpo h 3JiaTO , cpedpoai n 

3^aTOM HCKHneHH KOBie3H H KOBiieatHhH 3a CBeTHTeACKe MOIIITH 

hta. 6njm cy npeAMeTH , 3a Koje je iipKBa h pe./iHrH03HO oce- 
Lme Be.'iHKe rocnoAe HOTpe6oBa.<io 3JiaTapcKy paAHHOCT. Y 
jeABOM ce cnoMeBHKy oa Kpa.ta /l,e i iaHCKor noainiby: , ; KbHH- 

ffiHIft H iILCTbBHI€ KpbCTH G)KOBaHbHbll€ H H03./iaKeHHie Cb 6h- 

cepwMb n KaieEHif.Mb" (Mon. Serb. 91). 3a jeAaH Kpcr, kojh 
je Kpa.bnua Je^ieHa (1273 — 1314) noooHH^a naHacTHpy cb. 
TpoHue y Conoxy, njiara^a je ona 3000 nepnepa h.ih 1500 
M.beraqKHX Aysa'ra ,' 2 ) hito je 3a oho Bpeaie Hen3iepHO BHCOKa 
cyMa. JeAaH Kpcr kojh je A)m aH hooohho /l,e i iaHHMa H03HaT 
je HauieM napoAy h y cHurncy, kojh je BaajaH npn^or 3a H3y- 
^aBafte OHAainH,er BenrraqKor yKyca. H3iiel>y Apyrnx ciBapn 
Koje je BoJBOAa CaBAa.B Aao y nooaA y Ay^P 0BHHK 0H cn °- 



') Appendini Memorie, I, 227. 
2 ) Mon. Serb. 75. 



CT57UIJE 3A IICTOPIIjy CPIICKE T1TOBIIHE 115 

MEH>e: „hkohbh8 icahh 'sartk, a noie3a 1 .imps h 11 

VESMb Cb ©6pa30Mb BptyBCTC TOCBOie H Cb MB03'BMfl BBilfl 

©6pa3H h cl 7 daaacB e cb 6 6a/iacHHOBB h cb 9 MBpa./ib- 
AObb n cb 26 3pi»Hi. (mcepa.* 1 ) y APyroi jeABOM nooa^y 
CaHAa^beBOM : „HK0HHu,a le^Ha cpetfpbaa Ha ct.ib8 cb 
3^aM6Hi.eMb ft),a,b n^eieHHT'lixi. ©ai> 3aMopn«i , a lecTb 8 Bbon 
ABi .ampe." 2 ) Xepuer CienaH TecraMeBTOM cbojbm ocraii.Ba 
cnay cBoaie C'renafly H3Met>y Apyrora: „mo1ih moi€ h EKOHe 
Koe C8 h^b MeHH HomeHe oKOBaHe 3./iaT©MB n cpe6p©M& n 
6ncep©Mb HaijHHTHe^ (Cbom. Hy6\). Apx. I, 125). H3 no- 
oaAa TJypba BpaBKOBiiha BaBOAHMO OBAe iiito y OBy rpyny 
cBaAa : ipn Ka/ieiKH , 7 K8K8Ma h ahckocb h 3BBe3AHn,a bo- 
TejKe 8 jHTapt , leiBpn KaAHJiEBe , a,bq B03./iaheBe a Aae 
HeB03^alieBe^ bta. 

Ca cbhm 6ora r ry pasBOBpcBOCT BMa a^ noKaate 0BAaiBH,a 
3^aTapcKa paAtta y rpynn nocmba. PaAH npaiaepa BaBOAHMo: 
„6aMHBb i€AaBi» cb 3./iaMeBbH-:Mb boi€boahb'bmb (CaBAa.beBBsi) 
6^j\b , a lecTb 8 Bi€Mb 4 ^HTpe b 1 8B i ia , 4 qaBie bqaekq 
cb 3BaMeHbi€Mb caBAayii€B'BM b 4 name Mayie 6 r BJie a I€ctb 

8 BbCBXb 7 J\Wl\ H 9 SB; 8 BaBJb ©Kp«rjlixB B03.iaKI€- 

BHXb i€AHa 8 Ap»r« a I€ctb 8 bbxb 16 mt. 9 811; ./iaABU,e 
TpH, ABt Be^BKe h Tpei'ia Majia, no3./iaKi€He a icctb 8 
BHXb 9 art. 4 hb; ^aAHB,e TpH, i€Aaa Be.iHKa a AB'k Ma;ie 
Crfc/ie, i€ctb 8 bbxb 3 .anTpe 2 8H i ie h 2 aKBcara; M0ffi8- 

JIOBB AGBeT 6t,./lHXb H l€CTB 8 BHXb 4 JIHTpe ii 1 Hflnia; 
M0}K8Jlb l€AaHb BC/lBKb B03^aKI€BB Cb HOKpHBaieMB a l€CT 8 
H6MB 2 /1HT. 8 8flaiB; Kp8Tjie 4 Cb BOKpHBa'IB, ©Al- K'BXb 

2 no3yiaKi€Be a 2 d'fe./ie a i«ctb 8 biixi. h bbc4xb 11 azt. 
h 11 8b; doaapn 3 cb iioKpHBain ©ai- kt.xi. 2 i€C8 <Vl,.ia 
a Tpe'iin no3./iaKi€Hi, . a iccti. 8 iuixi. 19 .hit. b 11 aaaiib; 

K 811(3 TpH Ba CT jib 111. XI. a l€CTB 8 BHXb 4 AHTpe II 10 8H. 11 



') Cnow. Ayup- Apx. I, 72. Ba.iac je pytfnH, oa.iaeim je pyfiiimih. 
mnwpajbji, je ciiaparaA. Bha. /Uiui'miicn IV-huik. 
2 ) y iict. 36opHiiKy I, r>0. 

8* 



116 OTAlUE 3A HCTOPHJV CPnCEB TPrOBHHE 

3 aKbc; K«ua if: ah a <«)/u» acnpa (okob.ihh cb 8cthh h 
cl HoraMH cpe6pnt.MH no3.flaKiciit.Mi. a iccti, h hoh 3 .urrpe 
n 6 8Ha i n» m 5 aiacara; k g> h a t, p b leflaHB cl noKpHBaieMt 
h cb iioiipa:!(OMi, iuo'iKirl'.Mi. a l€CTb 8 homi. 11 jiht. ii 3 5iHie; 
dpoite'ra iCAHa 3JiaTa ci. icah-emi. 6a/iacoMi> Be/iHn,t,Mi> h cb 
ipH daaace Mayie h cb Tpn ca<$>flHH n iiiecn. spHb oncepa 
BeanKora a Tpfl 3p&Ha Ma./iora h Ibctb 8 bbcomb 4- HHne h 

4 anc; dpoite're AB'k cpedpBHe cl -4 KaMeHH noeim h 
cl 6 rpaHe ©Kp»rjie cpetfpBHe Ha BcaKOH, a i€CTb 8 hhx 4 
8HMe h 4 aKbcarin ; K8ra./ib cl p8 i mh,(dmb cpetfpBHOM no3.aaKi€- 

HOML Ha CTJ1BH8 H CL nOKpHBaneJIB a ICCTB 8 HI€ML 8 JIHTapB 

b 1 8HBMa; fflatauB AeceTB a icct h hhx MTpa h 7 8B.aiB 
h 3 aKBcarra. (Obo cBe AOBAe H3 CaHAa/beBor nooaAa , Chom. 
/J,y6p. Apx. I, 56). ABa c8Aa cpetfpBHa kh ce HMeHHio 'ia- 
6pn, a HOTe3aio Ha it>p8 aria na6pa 44 MTpe 2 8HBne; 
ABa Be^iHKa nexapa cpetfpBHa h npn cBaKOML Ana Kanbna 
cpe6pLHa cl BepHatHnaain , a rctl h BLceML 6 noMaBLia , a 
Ha noTere 17 jiht. h 6 8Ha% (h obo CBe CaHAa.LeBO, I, 65). 
E OBOMe AOAajeMO H3 nooaAa rocnofye PyrniLe, yAOBHue 
KHe3a MpKme : „ ic a h a c a 8 at b 6 h h h, a c p e 6 p b h a Ha cmlhs; 
ABa c a at pa Ha cmbh'bxb cpe6pLHa ; i€AHa Hoatnna cb 
ABa Hoata cb apbsikomb o>ab KpHcrajia wKOBaHH cpedpoMB 
no3.iaKi€HO (Chom. Ay^P- Apx. I» 74). H3 cnncKa cpetfpHor h 
3^aTHor nocyfya Koje je T&ypat) BpaHKOBnh Aao y nooaA y 
AytfpoBHHK (Chom. /tjop. Apx. II, crp. 99 ; Mon. Serb. 408.) 
HaBOAHMO obag caMO oho , hito He AO.ia3H y obhm npniiepHMa 
HanpeA', „ABa maMLAaHa Be/iHKa no'ieara 24 jurrapB 2 

HHiie; 7 CBeTHHKB, l€AaHB (DAB HHXB HeH03/iaKI€HB , noreaie 

10 yiHT. 4 8HBqe; i€AaHB CBeTHHKB no'reate 7 jiht. 8 HHanL; 1 
jiHKaHHi^ (yiereH) noreate 15 jiht. 4 aHB^e; p«Komia iCAHa 
noTeate 38 AEt. 8 8Ha%; aHLAara noi'eate 10 jiht. 7 8Ha<n>; 
HMb6pHXL no'reate 7 jiHiapL lu HHa*iL. Join ce Mefyy H,ero- 
bhm nocyljeM cpe6pHHM cnoMHH>e: 28 ./laatniiL, 9 6&A,nAV\Kb, 
6 ;iH*iHHii,b, 2 cayiHHi€pa, 15 c.iaHHiiB, 2 BHAptn;e, 



CTYAHJE 3A UCTOPHjy CPnCKE TPrOBIIHE 117 

Tencni€ ^aTHHCKe (fjopMe, i€AaHb dapb^aKB n mho re po- 
MeHqe oa cpetfpa, oa 3^ara, c noKyionn,HMa n 6e3 nooonana 
h pa3He (J)opne. JeAHO „6j\ioj\,o" oa 3.iaTa y aeroBOMe no- 
KviaAY xer.iH 4 ^HTpe n 7 HHaqa; „ocaMb 3Ani€jia cpetfpt- 
Hext" rocno^e Je^ie CaHAa&eBe Teivie 17 .inrapa 10 HHaqa 
n 3 aKcare. (CnoM. 4,y6p. Apx. II, 125). Ha ApyroM jeA- 
hom cnoMeHHKy cnosinfty ce n/inmne cpetfpHe Heno3^ateHe 
(7 Minima Teivie 32 .inTpe 3 yHie, CnoM. Aytip. Ap x * 
II, 49). - 

H3 rpyne Ha-KHTa a» cnoMeHeiio : „noiacb i€AaHB Bepnra 
no3.aaKi€Ha a i€cr « hoh 22 yin-ipe n 10 HHaqb : ncmcH 83- 
hochth no:uaKi€Hn ABa a Ap8ra ABa hhco, ©ai> Ktxb ABa 
Ha Be.i8T*d a i€AaHb Ha qpjiieHH kojkh a (€a^h Ha cbIihh 
TKaHnn,n (noBviaA 6aHHne AHKe n BOJBOAe CaHAa.ba , Cpii. 
Chom. fl,y6j>. Apx. I, 49): i€AaHb noracb Bepnra cpetfptHa 
no3^aKi€Ha m cb 3bohhh" (rocno^e PyrHH>e, I, 73); — nacb 
cpedpHb no3^iaKeHb Ha TKaHHu.8 iuaBeTHH; noiacb 6ncepaHb 
Ha xa3Aew npbBeHH (rocnol)e Je./ie CaHAa^eBe, II, 103); 
— qernpn nana cpe6ptHa no3MKi€Ha ; nHTanb cpe6pHT>xb 
Ha aKHn,« cto n BiecT AeceTb n ©caMb ; n»ranb oEcepHixB 
81; HHTanb dncepH'EXb cb Ma^An 30; 4 nana h^ockhr 6h- 
cepHa cb MajibAH , a icaho (h6ao 6e3b jEnajiAa ; nsxaab wai> 
oncepa crapa 75 nsraub (cBe obo rocnofye Pyrnibe yAOBiine 
KHe3a MpKme, II, 73, 74); — AeceTb nyrana saaTexB 
(rl>e Je^e CaHAa.beBe, II, 103); -- Bn»€Hai],b Be.mKora 6n- 
cepa cb KaMeHHHH 16 no^ojKeHb no xasAero (r^e Je./ie CaH- 
Aa.beBe, II, 103); i€AaHB BeHaqanb dncepaHb no qpb./ieH(DMb 
tfpaqirai, Ha Kot€Mi. ch 10 KajieHH upb^eHii n 6 njiaBeTHn n 
dpoeMB £)Hcepa 230 3pi.Ha, — „abhi€ rpnBbHnn.e maiiera 
tfHcepa"; — qeinpn maapimn koh ch ci» KaMOHbicMb (xep- 
u,era Cienaea , Chom. Ay^'P- Apx. II, 125). (oneT rpe Jeae, 
Mon. Serb. 386) — „ABa wooma HaqneeHa 6ncep(DMb ca 
4 (Jaaaca h ©hitb ABa (OoVrna naqnHena oncepomi. ca 4 ca- 
<|iiihm n 4 6a,iacn ; ©oVine 3^aTe ca 4 nameim npb.ieHe Be- 



118 cxyAiin; :-.a HCTOPHjy cpdckb ti'Iojsiihi; 

.1III.-C, ii 2 Mii.iii upb.iena ca 12 3ptHa BejiHEora farce-pa (rl^e 
Je./ic, On. Aytfp. Apx. H » 103; Mon. Serb. 386); ffltfoija 

ABa Majia cb Ma.ihivii. (JacepfflMB (iiooaA xepuera CieBaHa 
Mon. Serb. 498). — ABa npBCTeHfca ©Ab eI.xb i€AaHb 
ci» AH^MiiHToMi. a ApKrn ca(|)HHOMB (rocnofye Pyrme , Chom. 
A>'^1>- Apx. II, 74); iipi. cT(3iii[ .'> luani r,\ ; i,i!ii i;;imcii;i n.ia- 
rl'Tiiii ji le/vuii, caijiiiiih ; apBcreiih n, u'meiii. :jm;ici:('.mi>. ji upb- 

CTeHI. H KOMI. If. EUMH CRlJiHHb M Kfl,ilM> OH./l l I V'/lCa HI- " ( I'OClIO^e 

Je.ae C;uiA;i.!>ei5o, Chom. Ayop. Apx. II. L 03 , 121). 

y rpyny cBaKojaiuix iipeAMera JiyEcy3HHX ct;u:.i,;imo ,,Ha- 
npaBa le^Ha EOHCEa 83BAa, npBCHHe h iioxbh Koame cb cpedpoMB 
no3^ani€HO a JKBa.10 rB03AeHo , a Ha MaBi TpaEB cBBViaHB cb 
iihthh dMfepi.H'hiH Apo6Ht,Mb ; - - ,/iaBL if-AaHb cpe6pBHn no- 
3^aKi€Hi» ; — ./iaBL i€AaHB ©ab 6acepa a icctb h hicml abt> 
HH'ie e ABa aKBcarw (cBe tfaHnue AHBe h BoJBOAe CaHAa.ta, 
Chom. Aytfp. Apx. II, 50); - re^aHB 3«6i> npacbHH cb Be- 

pH3KHU,aMH Cpe6pbHO H03./iaKI€HO ; — l€AaHB KHHb cpetfpBHB CB 

AB't ne i in cpetfpa no3./iaKi€HO ; — neT./ibfl cpedpBHH no.3.ia- 
ki€hh; — ©caMB iM0 l inub syiaxixb cb ©6pa3n; iCAHa mfwiBEa 
©Ai> KwpAe (OAb KaaieHe Hpb./ieHa cb rjaB©MB cpedpBH©MB; 
(cBe rocnolje Pyime MpKOHHe, Chom. Ay(5p. Apx. II, 78. 
74); - - ABa ©paxa ©KOBaHa ©al hhxb i€AaHB 6e3B no- 
K./iouu,a ; - ©caib re3HKb 3Ma»€BexB ©KOBaaexb (obo H3 no- 
iuaAa TJypfya BpaHKOBHha, Cbom. A)^P- Apx. II, 100); — 
©paxa mecrB ©ai» Hhaho , HaHHHeHH cpedpoMb h no3^aKi€Hn; 
- porB HatiHH»€Ht cpe6p©Mb no3^aiieHB h 3bMa./ibA©Mb c no- 
KpnB©Mb ; — le^aHB AHiRMaHTB Ma^iiaxaHb n i€AaHb p«6hhhkb 
Ha tmbh ©Ab aHreoKa; — inapoHB Ha hicmb KaKO <mobt>kb, 
Kopa./iK\ cpe6p©Mb no3/iaheHa; - - awaite 'rpn ©ab Eopajia 
cpeop©Mb nos^aheHe; — nnpsHa ABa (di,b Eopajna; icAaHB 
HHpHHb (dj\b rpncraiiAa; — cok© ©AaHb ©xb rpncTa^Aa Ha- 
x iHH»€Hb cpe6p©Mb h ci. Ma./iAG>Mb ; — eAaHB ©praHHhB CB 
U'bbmh ©Ab cpedpa (cBe H3 noKJiaAa xepi^era CieuaHa, Mon. 
Serb. 498) ; TpaEB i€AaHb cBH^iaHb cb ^e^iMH saKOBaHtain h pa- 



CTyAHJE 3A IICTOl'IIJy CPnCKE TPrOBHHE 119 

6o r raHT>MH cb dncepfflMi. (rt^e Pyrmte MpKinnHe , Cnoi. J\,y6\). 

ApX. II, 74) HTA- HTA-') 

H3 cBera eito y obhm npnMepniua HaBeAocaio , bhah ce 
jacHO Aa je SMTapcKa BeniTHHa y Ao6a Harae Apa^BHe ca- 
moctjmhocth bhcoko CTOJa^a , a& je He caMO B>e3HH MaxepH- 
ja./i dora*r , Beli Aa je 6oraTa 6iam h npaBunjia n o6.iHu,HMa y 
KOJHMa ce H3JaBAHBa^a. Obo mhmhm He caMO o 3JiaTapcKOJ 
paAH.H y M.tei^HMa BeK h o toj paAH>n y /IjdpoBHHKy a 6e3 
cyMH,e h no cpncKHM iviaBHHM MeciHMa. 

Bp^o je 'reiiiKO A^ Ao6njeMO ncrnHHTor ca3Han>a o npa- 
boj HOB^aHOJ BpeAHOCTH oBaKHx upeAMe r ra y oho Ao6a. Ay KaT 
hjih KOMaA 3Jiaia Testate 3. 4 ^ rpaMa a (|»HHOhe 23 icapaTa , y 
^eTpHaecTOMe BeKy Hnje to hcto oito h AyKaT tojihkh h Ta- 
ob hcth uo TejKHHH h (^HHoliH y AeBeTHaecTome BeKy. OHaj 
e])ct 3a kojh HOMeHycMO Aa ra je Kpa^>nua Je-ziena noKJiOHHJia 
MaHacTHpy cb. Tpojnne y Conoiy, BpeAHo je 1500 AyKa'ra 
OHAaniH>nx, a.iH oBa je cyiia HMaaa OHAa MHoro BeKy „Ky- 
noBHy cHary", TaKO Aa KaateM , Hero ihto je mano ncra eyMa 
AaHac HMa. Obo nn'raite o oahochoj BpeAHOCTH HOBiia y Bpesie 
npBe Harae caMocra^HOCTH , noTpyAHheaio ce Ha ApyroM Mecry 
Aa npoynnmo h Ha nncro H3BeAeMO. 3a ca^a obao HanoMHH>eM 
caMO wavlko Aa ja He yBnliaai , no KOMe ce ocHOBy o6nnHO 
y3HMa fl,a je Apara MeTaa y oho Ao6a niaao ocaM nyra Behy 
KynoBHy CHary, Hero nrro je naia Aanac , Aa ApyrHM pe i ma 
jeAan Ay^aT y qeTpHaecTome BeKy 3Hann to^hko ko./ihko ocaM 
AyKa'ra AaHac. KaKO no Ma'repnjayiy, kojh mh je npn pynn. 
ja Ha^a3HM Aa je cpe6po y XIV-om BeKy saiicra j\\va h no 
nyra cKyn.i>e nero iuto je cpeopo y Harae Ao6a , to ce 3a 
caAa, aok He iipnKynnM nyHnjer MaTepnjajia 3a ihto curyp- 
HHJe peraefte OBor nnTaii.a , apmhm Kao Mepiua , Aa je jc.uia 



') Join ce no ciioMciimuiMa o iiok.i;iaiim;i gecTO iihoiiiii.y ., Kt)(|>an inu 
ii iiiKaTy.io" y KOJHMa cc 'lyimjy .,nop>e.in: . :t;uiinn ii k- u me. " 
(jiom. Ayfiv- Apx. II, 50. — 



120 CTyAHJE 3A IICTOi'iljy (JI'IICKK TlTOIililli: 

HCTcl K'MM'IUHil Apai'01' EGT'dA'd HVLSlM )' 'ICTpHaeCTOMe Beit}' 

ABa n no nyra Behy KynoBiiy cHary Hero nrro je ima AaHac. 

Etu'ioM co je^Ha jiHTpa cpetfpa npoAaBajia y oho Aotfa no 

7% — 8 ^yKa'fa, h noieM ce no ncTpajKHBaiLioia Hjiopapnje- 

bhjh y oho ao6;i y HajnpocTHje iftopMe H3pal>eH0Me Aparom 

Merajiy uena j\mnASi c 20— 25°/o to ce 3a jeAHy cpeupny 
3Ao.lv HajnpocTHJe (Jjopio , Koja je Teivw./ia 1 ,unpy , maa- 
kuo y oho Ao6a Hajman.e 10 AysaTa, OHAaiu. a to je, ano 
OBy BpeAHOcr cBeAemo na caAaimi.y BpeAHOCT noBii,a , — 25 
AyKara qecapcKHX y AaHamibeM hobuj. Obo 6h 6h^o Mepn./io 
3a npocre H3paAe oa cpetfpa ; 3a npocre H3paAe oa 3.iara 
Ba./ba.io 6e ysera 110 ao 120 Aysa-ra OHAannbHX Ha cBaity 
Awr\)j. 3a BennaMKe nspatjeBHHe , uavl 3a TaKBe y KOJHMa je 
nopeA M&'m h cpe6pa npMieibeH KopaA, RpiCTad ear KaitaB 
Aparn KaaieH n dncep , Hnje Han MoryiiHO hh npn6./iHa;Hy MHcao 
Aa cacTaBHMO , jep y TaKBHx apTHKyja Hume Hero nrAe npe- 
cyAHor yrnnaja naia Ha ueHy cydjeKTHBHO oueftHBaite KynieBo, 
h jep Ty He3HaTHa pa3.<inKa y -reatHHn , Be-flirairaH , cjaJHOcrn 
n (JiopMH KaMeHa n bncepa nia cacBHM 3HaTHor ynMBa Ha 
neHy. H3 jeAHor Ta^iHJaHCKor cnoMeHHKa oa 1882. bhahmo Aa 
ce ie roAHne y Kpijty n^aLajio 3a 3pH0 noKpynHHJer (Jncepa 
no 200 acnpn (Cibrario, 314). 

3a 6ncep n Aparo Kaierte , — Kao n 3a ceAe<|) , cioHOBy 
koct , uayHOBo h HojeBo nepje — rviaBHH je ipr y oho Aoda 
6eo r^apnrpaA,') a r ry cy ce aohoch^ih ohh H3 HcTO i me 
HHAHJe, Apadnje h AtbpnKe. IIIto uabbe KaMeH (Typrcns) 
TaKo lecro AOiia3H , to je 6e3 cyMite , hito ce Toaie KaMeHy 
y oho Ao(Ja CByAa (Kao join n AaHac na ncroKy) npnnncn- 
Bajia neKa TajaHCTBeHa MOh , Aa ocnrypa oa yrnnaja 3^nx 
onnjy, oa ihhh h raTajia hta. Obo ce hcto , mhc/ihm , Moate 
pelin h o „awiHpa.LAy" n.in cMaparAy, o Koaie ce BepoBa^o 
a n caA no hctohhhm KpajeBHMa Bepyje, Aa je no npenaiykTBy 



1 ) Cibrario, Krause, h AP- 



CTyAUJE 3A HCTOPUjy CPnCKE TPrOBHHE 121 

„KaMeH cpehe" (bha. Hammer, Gesch. des Osm. Reiches VII. 
224), a n o CBaKOM ApyroM KaaieHy y HaraiTy jiaKOBepHHX 
rocnofya cpeAitera Beo, a 6es cBaice cymite o „3MajeBOM 
o^niy", (onajiy) Kojera Beh h caiio oe cayrH na HeKy xa- 
jaHCTBeHy moL 1 ) 

IUto ce TH^e H3pat)eBHHa oa npocTor Meia^a, oa rBoat^a 
6aKpa, Ka^aja n oa ciiece, o tomp 3a caAa HeMamo rara 
MHoro fl,a, KaaeMo. 3a npepafyeBHHe oa rBoartja n Tyia , M.teuH 
cy 6i5AE 6e3 cynapHno y oho Ao£>a. (Cibrario , II, 289; Daru). 
ilHBeB.e 3BOHa tfavia je je^Ha oa cneu,HJa./iH0CTn sLteTaMKHx. 
H3 cnoMeHHKa kojh cy ao ca#a nn'aiinaHn y /lHCTEHaMa onaata 
ce, KaKO je jaK 6no H3B03 rB03AeHHx H3pal)eBnHa H3 M^eiaKa, 
a TaKO h KaKO je 6ho jaK yB03 6aKpa H3 /IjdpoBHHKa hah 
npaBHJe H3 cpncKHX 3eMa^>a Kpo3 /IjCipoBHHK.") CBa je npn- 
./lHKa, Aa ce y M.teHHMa h y /IjtfpoBHHKy oa tfanpa h oa 
Kajiaja npaBH.ao cBaKojaKo nocylje , poiieHie , nexapn , 3Ae.*e, 
Tencnje , pyKOMHje , cBemaiin hta- Ha KpaTKO cbo oho 3a 
Kyky h 3a cto Maite doraTHx B./iacTe./in l inha , TproBana h 
Apyrax rpaljaHa , nno cy Be-ino rocnoAa A^Bajia rpaAHTH oa 
cpe6pa h SMTa. BaitapHH MaHra^n cuoMHH»y ce jom y XII-om 
BeKy. 3 ) KpcTOBB oa rBoatfya , kojh Kao Aa cy ce OBAe OHAe 
HaMeraTa./iH a& OMe^e onniTHHCKe axape , njiyroBH , rB03AeHa 
opy^a , KOftCKe n^oqe hta. H3patjHBa^e cy ce 6e3 cBaKe cyjaite 
y caMOJ CpdnJH. A./ih 3an^e'reHHJe cnpaBe no cboj npn./iHHH y 
M.teHHMa h y /IjtfpoBHHKy. Ho HapoAHHM ce necMama necTO 
cnoMHH»y „6paBe Ay6poBa i iKe" Kao Hem'ro hito cbojhm Mexa- 
hh3mom h co.iHAHomKy HaAMama Aa^ieKO oCnnHe 6paBe , pyKO- 



') ,,y BiisaHTiijcKOMe ce Ao6y itpo3 BCKOBe jaico Mii/ioBa^io npcTeae 
Koje je ciyjEiiyio Kao TajuiCMau hah aMaj.mja, a Kojera ypeaaHO 
Kaueite mije ce OA^iiKOBa^io to^iiko .aenoTOM $nrypa, ko.iiiko 

OC06eHIIM CHMBOJIHIHHM MiaUHMa, MIICTIi'IHIIM C-lHKilMU II IIHCMe- 

HiiMa." Krause, die Byzantiner. 70. 

2 ) Listine. 

3 ) Tiiiihk Cb. CaBe. 



122 CTyAHJB 3A iKioril.iv CPUCKE Ti'i OBUHE 

TBOp iiiiiiiiix Kona'ia. IJ.-u.a Mil Ka:);nn Aa cy M.Le'ra'Jiie 
(JpaBe 3aacTa 6nyie na iviacy y oho Aotfa no EBponn. Xep- 
ncr CaBOJCKH tfasetiH ce y roA. 1366 y M.i.enHiua, icynno je 
3a cBoje KouMere Tpn 6paBe M.i.eraqKe h sa CBasy ii.i.niio 
no 20 cojwj\u (no 1 nepnepy) (Cibrario II, 305). Obo Le 
<>hth aiepH^o m 3a neny Ay^|» ( »i , "'i'iiuiM upiiisjnia no cpncKHM 
seiw^aMa. Moryliiio jo Aa cy M.i.eTamte a A.vdpoua'rKe 6paBe 

je/l,HO HCTO. 

5. Mp^apnja. — „H ihto mime rocnoABCTBO th 3a 
name TpBroBuc i€pi> 3a npi>Be rocnoAe H'tca hhh TpLrL n3B 
Cpi>6a./m h3hoch./ih passii KOJKe , BocKa b cnpe-Htie, a cbah 
Hoce cpe6po h 3JiaT0 , — rocnoAHHe Aecnoxe , tobh ic h npbBO 
6eao m h ahh rocnoAHHa poAHTeAK\ bh h rocnoABCTBa th a 
ABHacb I€ctb no MajiixB TpbroBexL raeHo ce hoch CBH^a n 
HpmapHKi npoAaBUTH", - nnmy AydpoBiaHU Aecnoiy 
CieBaHy. 

Mpiapnja je oieBHAHO HMe wraBe jeAHe rpyne ecnana 
pasHOBpcHor, kojh ce Ha chtho npoAaje h kojh CBoje uynne 
TpajKH no Ma.iHM TproBMa y Macn HapoAa; to je rpyna, Koje 
cy ecnann npncrynHH h cnpoManiHEJei rpafyaHHHy, y HeKo.iHK0 
<>e3 cyMH,e h ce.LaeHHy. Mhcahm Aa je Mpnapnja y noieTKy 
neinaecTora Beaa oho hcto hito ce y XII h XIV-om 30Be 
^Ma^a Kyn.Ba", 1 ) Kao ihto h xa./iHJaHCFO merceria (oa ko- 
jera je Mpnapnja) HHje Apyro Beti crapnx .<iaTHHCK0 mi- 
nut a merx (Majia ear CHTHa Kyn&a). 

Ho cnoMeHHnHMa , Koje ao caAa HMaMO, He bhah ce kojh 
npeAMerH noce6nne AO-aase y oBy rpyny. Aati Ha cBy npn- 
jiHKy y ay HAe: c/iaHa pH(>a, 3a Kojy 3HaMO Aa ce yBO- 
3H^ia y cpncKe seMjte (Acta Arch. Veil. I, 219; Chom. Ayop. 
Apx. I, 20), aJBap, MaciHHe, pa3HO nocyfye oa sem.te, 



*) Mon. Serb. 46, 52; Ayin. 3aK, 129. Ct. HoBaKOBiib. y cBoue 
H3AaH>y HiiTa obo Mecro: „CKptjia'ra ii Maai u Berime poyKe"; 
— ja mho/ium Aa je ocHOBanuje oho y IIIa4)apuKa „Ma^ u Be- 
.iiiKe kovu.iic. ' : — 



CTyAUJE 3A IICTOPHjy CPnCKE TPrOBIIIIE 123 

rBOidja,, 6aKpa, Kaaaja, Tyqa, pa3HH hrkht oa obex npo- 
cthx Merayia , nyuaA , Koine , npcreite , rpBBHe , o6ohe , no- 
jacHB eta , rpuBHe oa ciaoa b oco6eto craoeHa spHa cBaKo- 
jaKe 6oje 3a fyepAaHe e ApyrB HaKBT 3a jKeHCKHite ceocKor h 
y onmie CEpoMainHHjer Epyra. 3a OBe je ap r rEKy.<ie Hajc/iaBHHJa 
paAHOHim,a OHora 406a 6em y MjteuHMa (ciaoapa y MypaHY. 
Cibrario II , 240) , a jeABa Aa je 6eao T&e 6o.mx Mynrre- 
pHja 3a raapeHO craoo oa cpncKor e dyrapcKor CTaHOBHH- 
niTBa ceocKor. — /[ajbe je y nojaM Mp<iapBJe Ha cBy npn.inuy 
eemo : pasHo odojeno nyiaiHO , cyKHo rpy6.i.e Bpcre , pa3Ha 
CBHJieHa e naaiy i iHa npefya 3a Be3 ; MorytiHHM HaqnHOM 36JTEH 
e TaujaH. 

Obhm 3a u,e^o hhcmo Ben,pn./iH caApatBHy EOJMa mp^iapHJe; 
AocTa je aKO cmo je HaroBecrE^H. BpeMeHOM lie ce 6e3 cyMfte 
npEKyEETE EyHEJE Ma'repEJa./i 3a pacBeT^eite OBe rpyne yB03a 
y cpncKe 3eM.ie. 

G. MflpoAEJe b tjaKOHEJe. — HcToqHO-HHAnjcfje me- 
poAEJe 3ay3BM;i>y npBO Mecxo y oboj rpynn Kao nrro y onnxre 
npBo Mecro 3ay3EM.By y TproBEHE Eupone c Hhabjom e Apa- 
6ejom. MyniKaT opacE , I)EHt)E6ep , 6fl6ep e ApyrE (Jiehe 3a- 
*ibhb Ba3Aa cy ce jaKO -rpaaiE^E e Ao6po nviatia^E y cpeAH>eM 
BeKy. MyniKaT opacE Kao Aa cy ce y Hac y oho Ao6a 3Bci.ni 
„ehahjckem opacHMa" (bba- Mod. Serb. 498) ; dfldep ce 3Bao 
nanap („«3e KpajLL TBapi/rKO A;iobe3H (jpaiH /l.pai'oieBB, rpe- 
Aske A^8BH3b Ha arpe, dEcepa e nantpa." Cn. Ayo'p. Apx. 
II, 35). Toa- 1422. Ay6poB i iaHn ma.Ly Kpa.i.y uocancKOMe 
TBpTKy Ha Aap 27 dapeJia pn6e CJiaHe, 48 Kyrnja KymfteTa, 
4 6ape./ia ./lHMyHOBa , join e metiepa (nyiqia) e KopeH,a h 
aanpaiETa (IlyEHh. Ceoji. Aj^P- Apx. I, XXIX). OAMax 3a 
tem , c no i ieTKOM roA- 1423. ABopaHH Tbptkobe Kao Aa Aajy 
Ha 3Han.e Ay6poBa x iKHM noiUHcapBMa , Aa 6e ce paAO oner 
npiiHOB noooHB y „Hapaiii,[imia ii y Boty pasHe Bpcie." (Ha 
ect. m). Obo naBOAEMo , jep noi;a3yje KaKBe cy npeAMeie H3 
rpyEe Ko./ioHBJa.iiiEx ecnana h jyaiHora Bol.ii . yB03OB y Barae 



124 OTy/l, Il-J K 3A IICTOI'Mjy CrilCKK IPrOBHHE 

KpajeBe. 3HaiaJHO je Aa o nanpeA cnoiweHyTHM npeAMGTHMa 
(Koje OocaHCKH ABopaHH Tpaxe) AytfpOBaiKO Bete roBopa Kao 
o chthhm cTBapsia (queste piccole cose). Hnje HeiiorytHO A& 
cy HeKe oa obhx crBapn Huue y iiojaai Mp'inpjijf. 

Myuiiiar opaca HpoAana./iM cy ce c Etpaja XIII- or Beua y 
ceB. H'ra^HJH-no 3 nepnepe (9 co.MAa bhjghckhx) aa junpy. 
y qeTpHaecTOMe Beity neim jeABa a* hm je Heiino miae cto- 
j&oa. — 3a jiHTpy dadepa y hcto ce Bpeaie (roA. 1373). 
njiataAO Heiirro Ma^io itnine oa nepnepe; roA- 1384. no noaa 
AyKaia. (Cibrario, II, 297). - y cpeAHHH qeipHaecTora Bena 
y Il,apnrpaAy ce npoAaBa^ia JiHTpa ypiin no 1 KpyuaH A^Hap 
(oa koj'hx 24 y ayiaiaH <}iyiopnn) , .iMTpa CMOKaBa n cybiix 
m.LHBa TaKolje no 1 Annap , a jiHTpa inehepmix fyaKonnja no 
10 KpynHnx AHHapa nan no nei raecrnna jeAHor nepnepa. 1 ) 

IHetep cnoMHH>e join n AoMeHinjaH y awBOTy cb. CaBe 
( ;; AacTL esioy aaxapa n (|)HHHKa c^hko noiptdoBa" crp. 192). 
Ho Ba/iAy i injy Ilero^OTnjy y nerpHaecTOMe je Beity aoazzqao 
y t proBHHy neinpn Bpcre niekepa : Ka^einH , BaBH^ioHCKH, 
AamaniKH n aycKainH. JeAHa MTpa HajooVmnjera njaha.ia 
ce roA- 1273. y ceB. H'ra^njn no 8 Annapa (ABe ipennHe 
nepnepe). (Cibrario Ha hct. m). H.3 roAHHe 1319. cnoMnae ce 
Aa ce TOBap jeAaH oa 10.000 ./lniapa raenepa c ocTpBa 
KpnTa npoAao 3a 3 ISO ./indapa rpoma 2 ) (Ha cBy npn./iHKy 
librorum a grossis), no ^eaiy jeAHa /rnxpa AO.M3H Ha 4 ah- 
Hapa , h^h 6 MTapa 3a AyKaT M.ieiaHKH. 

3a ncTOHHe MHpoAnje, 3a mekep Kao n 3a jy^Ho Bote 
(cyxo rpoK^e , cMOKBe , ypMe , noaiopaHue hta.) H3MnpHy n 
TaMjaH , MaBHH je xpr 6no Il,apnrpaA , 3a tbm A^eKcaHApnja 
h M.teu,H. CBa je npn^iHKa , A& cy ohh hcth TproBnn /IjtfpoB- 
T iaHH kojh cy no cpncKHM iproBHMa pa3HOcn\/in dncep , TaaijaH, 
HHAnjcKe MHpoAnje h metep h jyatHO Bote — hoch.ih Te 
rocno^aaia npoAaBaM — pysKHiHO y.te n pyatnnHy BOAnny, 



') llyr Ane/i,ejeB y I^apnrpaA ro/i. 1366 v Cibrario, II, 306. 
2 ) Daru, L. XIX, 49. 



CTFAnJE 3A IICTOPHjy CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 125 

Koja ce y IJapflrpaAy rpaaiwa , a 6es Koje nnjeAaH khhoih n 
HHjeAHa KaKanepKa Hnje uorjia Aa onaaHe hh y H^apurpaAy 
ray M.teii,0Ma. Ka,A je KHes CaBOJcra AOiuao roA. 1366. Aa 
noxo/i,H BH3aHTHJCKy npecTOJiranj, npBa My je (jpnra on.ia Aa 
Kyjin mecT raiapa pyararae BOAnue , 3a Koje je n^iaino jeAaH 
sjiaiaH (J)jiopeH. (Cibrario II. 306). 

7. Bhho. Ho cpncraM je sesLiaiia 6uao cpa.3MepHO Aoc'ra 
BHHorpaAa , n EpajL h BJiacrejia n MaHacrHpn nooaH>a.au cy 
Aocra tipnre ynHoxaBaiby n otfAe-flaBaay BraorpaAa. HanpeA 
cmo BHAe^iH Aa ce cpncKO bhho H3B03H/io y M.berKe. A,iu y 
hcto Bpeiae MadsacHJa, bhho c ocrpBa Kpirra, Kao Haj- 
cjiaBHHJe h HajcKyn.be bhho y ohom BpeMeHy, yB03MO ce y 
otfjiacx cpncKe ApraaBe 6e3 cynote join npe nepnoAe Heaia- 
ftraa. Ay^poBMaHH cy jeAHOM nptMHKoM toa. 827. ouh.uitu 
nacrara Ma./iBacHJOM (JocaHCKy rocnoAV.') Ako He n paanje, a 
oho oa Tora je Ao6a sia^Bacnja 3aAo6H.-ia Ao6ap Tpr y 3e- 
M.^aiia cpncraM. 

y npBoj neiBpTHHH TpHHaecTora BeKa Kpa.b Pbaocmb 
Aaje AydpoBqaHHMa cj\o6oa\ a» AOM3e c iproM cbojhm y Bp- 
ckobo, h „Aa ch npoAaio bhho 6e3 BOAe h MeAi> » an'BHb » 
BpcKOB'h a Tpbrs KpaaeBbCTBa mh , h aKO ce kto Haw npo- 
AaBL bhho cb boaom h MeAb np'B3b »H^Hb , Aa m« ce Bee 
H3bMe." (Mon. Serb. 17). IIopeA Ay6p° RIiaHa yB03HM cy 
bhho cipaHCKO y Cprajy jora h KoTopra. Obo je OBaEO 11111,10 
Ao roA. 1279, a re roArae /l,y6poBHiiK n Kotop nannHiime 
h noTHHcame yroBop , Aa ne Hoce BHme y Bpckobo CTpaHCKO 
bhho Ha npoAajy Beli caMO bhho oa cbojhx BraorpaAa. (Li- 
stiiie I, 122). 3a caAa HaM join iui.jr jacHO, una cy uiue 
npaBe no6yAe 3a oBaraB yroBop. 

Aa ce Ma^Bacnja H3 M.beraKa eenocpeAHO y cpncKe 3e- 
M.be yB03njia o Toie 3a caAa naiaiyio caMO jeAaH cnoMeHHK h 
to oAAyny MAGTa^Kor ceHaxa oa 17. Anp. 1388. roA- Aa ce 
Kpa.i»y painicoM A03Bora Aa H3Be3G sa 200 Ayi;;rra Ma.n;a- 

|) KpoHHKe Ay^poBaqKe, MaKymeBti H3C*eAOB. 3 



I'll CTYAHJE 3A IICTOHI.IV CFIICKE TPrOBHHE 

ciljc. 1 ) I)|M',MI'II0M lie C6 MHCflHM HilLlI II ItUIlIO NKiMCHHKil 

TOMe. A ;l ,,( ' y BpeMe cpncKe caMOCTa^HOCTH AOCTa ma.iBacHJe 
nnyio 3a cTo.'KMiinui cpncKe rucnoAe, <> tomg je ocTao 6HOM6H 
y napoAHHM necMaiia. 

H3 rope liiiiioAi'iior ciiojieHMKa oa Kpa.i.a PaAOcaaBa ijhah 
ce Aa ce h mca mh MeAOBima , npoasBOA KOTOpcKH n Ay^po- 
Ba'IKH AOB03HO Mil IViaBBM CpIICKH Tpr TpimaecTora BeKa. H3 
no3BHJera BpeMena o TOMe 3a caA HeMaaio cnoMeHHKa. Moaie 
6htm ;\a ra uoc/ie roA- 1279. uncy BHiiie hh yB03ii./iM, Kao 
iuto ce Ha to yroBopoM oa Te roAflHe n o(tee3yjy. 

8. Koii.h. — 3a ca#a HMamo caaio jeAaa cnoMeflHK o 
yBosy KOH>a H3 Hra.iHJe y Cpdnjy. ToAHHe 1 324. M-foeTaiKa 
B^iacT A03Bo^aB,i MapKy Pyciranjy Aa H3Be3e Kpa.i,y pamKOii 
6 KOita h join Apymx 133. a iaKO h MapKy A e P HBH Aa 
noBeAe co6om y PaiuKy 141 Koiba. (Listine, I, 167). Mo- 
rytiHO je a h 3a BepoBaite je , Aa cy BeyiHKa n tforaTa ro- 
cnoAa cpncKa Ha6aB^a^a ce6n KOite aBAaayinttor coja npeKO 
M-texaKa , a KOH>e apancKe npeKO IJapnrpaAa. — 

IIo HSBopHMa , kojh cy HaM 3a caAa na pacno^ioateity, Ha- 
jia3HMO Aaoe Aa ce y o6amt cpncKe ApraaBe sa BpemeBa ite- 
3HHe caMocTa^iHOCTH y cpeAH>eM BeKy yB03H./io : 

1. Co; - 

2. CBHie : KaBaA imh (|)ycTaH>e , caHAao , CKpaaT , i|)hho 
cyKHO , cBHyieHe TKaHnn,e , aKcaMirr , naHAayp , xaMyate , xa3- 
Aeje , 6paqnB , i ie^yH , AaaiainKHH , rpnMH3 , 3jiaxHe noc/rase; 
— n/iauiTeBH, uiyde m KyHTyraii; 

3. nocTBBe : xe.LAa , 3h6imhh (caiaypoBflHa) ; 

4. H3pal)eB0He oa Meiajia : opyaye , 3JiaTHe h cpe6pHe 
CTBapa (upKBeae CTBapn , nocm-ie , HaKMT , pa3He ^yKcypnje), 
CTBapn oa rBomtyi, tfaitpa, Kaaaja, h Tyqa; — 

5. Mp i iapnja: cjiaaa pntfa , Mac/wrae, y.te, pa3He noKytHe 
CHTHypnje, naiiyiBa 11 CBoeHa npel)a 3a Be3 hta. 



*) Acta Arch. Veneti, I 245. 



CTTAUJE 3A IICTOPUJy CPHCKB TPTOBIIHE 127 

6. HcToqHO-piHAiijcKe MHpoAHJe h tjaKOHHJe : 6n6ep , l)HHt)H- 
6ep , pasHO Kopeite , HapaH^e , mmjhobh , menep , KOHipeTn 
pa3HH, pyKH i mo y.te h pyxi^Ha Bo^a, H3MnpHa hta- 

7. MajiBacflja. 

8. Koan dcvtera coja. 

B. IIpOB03. 

Kao idto cmo y laaHKy II-oaie pa3.aara.aH, npaBUH npo- 
B03He TproBHHe hhmh cy : 

H3 DjaparpaAa, JeApeHa, CoviyHa , Ha KpaiKo H3 PoMa- 
HHJe k ceBepy npeso Beorpa^a y YrapcKy h HeMaiKy: 

H3 PoMaHHje k 3anaAy npeno OAryita , /ljtfpoBHHKa n 
Cn.teia y M/ieute n H'ra^iHJy; 

C npHora Mopa h AOiter /IjHaBa Ha jaapaflCKO mope y 
OjiryH, h /l,y(5poBHHK : 

y BpeMe Haine ApjKaBHe caMOcra.iHOCH y XIII-om it XIV -om 
BeKy HaJBaasBHJa je npoB03Ha xproBHHa nnMa ohhm apythm 
npaBijeiH , t. j. H3Me^y PoMaHHje c jeAHe a /IjtfpoBHHKa n 
M^e'raKa c Apyre CTpane. 

IIpoB03 no OBOMe npaBHy 6ho je atHB jom c KpajeM XII- or 
h no^ieTKOM XHI-or BeKa cy^etiH no noBjiaci'imaMa , Koje cy 
M^e^inliH ao6h/ih oa BH3aHTHJCK.or napa AaeKcnja KoMHeHa.') 
Oh je atHB^HM nociac 3a Bpeaie 3a Koje cy ylaTHH.aiiu Ap- 
aia^H H,apnrpaA (1205 — 12): M./ie i iiinii cy 6e3 cvmh,c c no- 
meAOM Ha 3Ha*iaj r re npoB03He TproBHHe 3aApffia.an 3a ce npn 



') y xpiicoByAii ce toj itajKe Aa »m ce Aaje cioCoAa Aa U3 Po- 
Maimje ii3B03e cBaKii Tpr 611.10 Ha .ial>ajia Mopeai. „6hao h.i ca- 
Mapy 11 ito.iiiMa cyBiiiu" (sive per sammaria vet plaustra per 
terram). /AoKyMeuar je y .iutiiiickom npeBOAy iiit;uiiuui join y 
Marin, Storia civile e politica del Commercio, III, 317. — Y 
hcto cy AoCa M.io'inKii aoOii.iii oa napa a oauiiuur j ,l,i»a i iy, 
Kojii je OHAa 6110 jeAfia oa r.iaiumx ii.;.ia:;uux ciuua :ta iprOBHHj 
as PoMaHHje. - Marin, y iiom. Ae^iy, dp. 291. De la Pri- 
mandaie, Etudes sur le cemmerce an rnoyeii &ge; 37; Roma- 
nin, Storia documentata passim. 



1.28 ' IV/UUK 3A IICTOI'lI.iy CPDCttB I IToliliHI. 

Aeo6n uapeamic BHsaHTHJCKe , PoMaHHjy, Co^yH n ,l,|i;ei Kao 
H3yiJi:;ny i «i >i i; \ n;i ja^paHCKOM npMMoj.jv. 03 npOMeHa Haoier 
i,-|)ii.i,a Moy'i'Mia H;iyia: j ,HM0 h nacanHx cnoM6HHKa o M.i.craMKoj 

np0B03H0J TprOBHHH Kp03 Baffle 36M &6. YoJ\. 1309. M.Mj'raMKH 

TproBHH AnApHJa Joiuih CaCniTHHMJa ata^ie ce iiito hx je 
KHe:j BpaHOJ.io oa Ilpesana onrreTiio koa npojiaaaxy c kv- 
iiaom Kpo3 3eM.i>e cpncEora Kpji.i.a. (Listine, I, 291)). Kpa.i. 
/I.eyaHCKH roAHHe 1330. Aaje oco6hthm aokymghtom M.i.ein- 
Jiina cAo6op,y ah Kpo3 seM.i.y iberoBy npo./ia3e c TproM y Po- 
jiaiiMJy n raa i ie k) t a xohe, ajin caMo He y ByrapcEy. (Acta 
Arch. Ven. I, 16); OBaj cnoMeHHK M^eiaMKe apxHBe HaBOAH n 
MapHH y cBojoj ncTopnjn M^eiaMKe TproBHHe, (IV, 178). 

HaJBajKHBJH CnOMeHHK M./beTa i IK0-BH3aHTHJCK0J TprOBHHH Kp03 

otfjiacT cpncKe ApjKaBe HMaMO y jiainHCKOMe npe.BOAy ohhx 
caonnrima , itoje je Ay inaH roA, 1340. yqneHO AVffiAy MJte- 
TaMKOMe. H3Met)y Apyrora oh xy Be^in: „jom cmo pasynie^H 
h to , Aa BaniHM TproBqnaia Moate 6hth oa n^oAa h Kopncxn 
npcaasas; Kpo3 Hamy Kpa.ieBHHy a npaBueM HAyhH ca TproM 
cbojhm y IJaparpaA h y napcTBo PoMaHHjy", na KaKO je Ao6py 
M.LexaHKHx TproBaua paA Kao cBOMe concTBGHOMe , to hm hoa- 
jeMHaBa „cHrypaH npo^a3aK Kpo3 Haray Kpa^eBHHy TaMO a 
cnrypaa noBpaTaK Kpos H>y ot)*a obrmo." Ako 6r ko oa a»e- 
tobhx ayah y^nHHO raxeTy KaKBy KOMe oa TproBaua, oh he 
H3 CBOJe KOMope HOTnyHO Aa My je HaKHaAH.') M^e'ranKO My 
BeJie Ha oBOMe nsjaBAyje 3axBa^Hocr h y3Aajy ce Aa he ce 
TproBD,H h>hxobh no Kpa.freBCTBy H,eroBy 3anc,Ta npHJa're.i»CKH 
(favoral)iliter) npeAycpe'raTH.") 

y Mayio HanpeA HaBeAeHOMe cnoMeHHKy oa Kpa.ka /l,e x iaH- 
CKora HMaMO HeraTHBaH AOKa3 Aa je y peAOBHHM npn.iHKaMa 
KaA je ByrapcKa 6n^a y MHpy ca CpdnjoM, TproBHHa H3Metjy 
M.teTaKa h ByrapcKe nni^a Kpo3 cpncKe 3eM.ie. YroBop Mefyy 

') Acta Arh. Ven. I, 23. — H o-Baj AOKyMeHaT cno-MHH>e Mapira 

y cbojoj ncTopnjn, IV, 178. 
2 ) Acta Arch. Ven. I, 26. 



CTVAUJB 3A HCTOPUjy CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 129 

/ljdpoBHHKOM n tfyrapcKHM napeM AceHom oa 1256. Mo&e no- 
c/iyatHTH Kao no3HTHBaH AOKa3 Aa je Ay^poBHHK TproBao c 
ByrapcKOM npeKO Cpdnje. Onei jeAaH AOKa3 3a OBy npoB03Hy 
TproBHHy HMaMO h y OHOMe cnoMeHHKy, kojhm Ay maH A03bo- 
iaBa /l,y6poB^aH]JMa Aa Kpo3 aeroBy 3eMji>y npo^a3e c Tproi 
y „Tytie" 3eMjte, ajin caiwo opyatja Aa He Hoce y Byrapcity, 
BocHy, YrapcKy, Becapa6njy h TpnKy. OBaj je AosyMeHaT 
jom BaacaH Kao AOKa3, Aa je TproBiraa Ay6poBa*ma npo.aa3HJia 
n Kpo3 cpncKe 3eMAe HAykn y Yrapcsy n y Becapadnjy. 
npoB03HOJ TproBHHH H3Mel>y AydpoBHHKa n Yrapcue a Kpoa 
BocHy, HMaMO cnoMeHa h y jeAHOJ mcthhh Ay^pOBaiKor apxnBa, 
y Kojoj Kpa.t Aao'nma roA- 1392. mime: „He xxtcMO hmb 
niiaTHTH hito 83e Kpa^b TBapbTKo A^obh38 6paTH /l,paroi€B8, 
rpeA»te A.ihbh3b Ha 8rpe, ducepa h nantpa." (Chom. 
Ay^p. Apx. II, 35). 

HanpeA cmo Ha jeAHOMe Meciy (rji. XXXIII, 220) H3- 
AomRAii, kojh cy ecnann 6eae npeAMeT npoB03He TproBHHe 
npaBij,eM H3 D,apHrpaAa npeKO BeorpaAa y Yrapcuy h He- 
Ma^my. H3 IJapnrpaAa cy ce n3Hocn^ie HHAnjcKe MspoAnje h 
CBHie (caHAao , CKp^iaT , CBHJia , 6poKaT) ; y n^apnrpaA ce yBo- 
mao HeH3patjeH0 cpedpo h 3^axo n opyatje. 3a obo MoateMO 
Ka3aTH Aa je thh npoB03He TproBHHe no cBH&ia npaBunMa 
Kpo3 cpncKy AP^aBy XHI-or n XIV-or BeKa. H3 IJapnrpaAa 

Cy H M.fceHH H AydpOBHHK AOB03H^H HOMaBHTO HHADJCKe MH- 

poAHje , HHAnjcKe n nepcnjcKe (|)HHe TKamme (IlaHAayp .') 
(})HHe Koase , Koje Pycn Aonomaxy na Bocnop , 6ncep h 
cneu,HJa^iH0CTH uapnrpaACKe HHAycipHJe (xeiiiKy cBHyiy u upo- 
KaT , HjooeHe yiBapn h Apyrn HaKHT oa 3JiaTa , cpetfpa, cao- 
MOBe kocth , ceAe^ja hta) ; y U,apHrpaA cy hochjih : BocaK, 
HeH3pat)eno 3,/iaTO n cpe6po , opyaye , ({MopeH'rnjcKH cicp.iaT n 
cneHHJa./iH0CTH M;ieTa i iKe HHAycrpnje („JiaTHHCKii* aKcaMHT, 
3^aTHe nocxaBe, cBaKojaite crBapn oa rBoadja n Ty*ia, craiuo 

HTA). A a HCTO^IHO-IIHAHJCKH HpOH3BOAH 3H\ ::1IM.1.V y IipOB03HOJ 

TproBHHH Kpo3 cpncKe 3eM.i>e oaBHo Mecro . buah ce D3 Tora 

1'jiacbck XXXVIII. 9 



130 CTVAIMK 3A HCTOPIijy CPHCEE IPrOBHHE 

IUTO Ce y HeMaiKHH H3B0plIMa TpI'OBHHH C BH3aHTHJ0M OHH 

Taito uecTO cnoMHH))-,') Aa.i>e n H3 OHora iiito je fteAHBepcnc 
3ade^cxno o cyBoseMHOJ TproBHHH AytfpoBa^KOJ, na nocaeTKy n 
djto jeAHHH cnojieHHK Kojii 3a ca^a MaMo o npoB03y H3 j\,y- 
tipoBHHKa y YrapcKy roBopn o dncepy h nanpy, cymia- 

CTBCHO HCTO l IHO-HHHHJCKHM npOH3BOAHMa — KaO HpeAMery 

Te TproBHHe. 

Obo^hko 3a ca/j,a o npoB03Hoj TproBHHH Kpo3 cpncKe 3e- 
nube 3a BpeMe Hanie Apatanne caMocrayiHocTH. — 



Hia join je^Ha Bpcia iproBHHe , Koja ce y cpeAfteM Besy 
Kpo3 cpncKe 3eMAe a AOHeiuie n ca cpncKHM 3eM.Laaia BOAHJia, 
a^H Kojy He Morocco yBpcTHTH y HanpeA HaBeAeHe rpyne 
TproBHHCKe. IIopeA MpanHnx CTpaHa eBponcKora ApyniTBa y 
cpeAfteM BeKy, — nopeA Aydoitor h Ha mnpoKO npodpTor 
cyjeBepcTBa , nopeA ocKyAHne y c/io6oah , a. o6n.iaTOCTH y Ha- 
CHJBHMa , y pa36oJHHH,HMa Ha cyBy, y rycapHMa Ha Mopy, no- 
peA qecrax MaAHHX roAHHa n yatacmix noMopa , CKopo Henpe- 
khahhx paTOBa Met^y onmiHHaMa , n^eMemiMa n HapoAnma — 
ctojh TproBHHac pod^eM Hen36jieA^HBHM npHHJioM 3anncaHa 
Kao jeAHa oa KapaKTepHnx npTa ie nyAHOBa're nepnoAe. 
Oda^io HaM je Aa n Ha ay OBAe noMeAaio. 

YcTaHOBa poncTBa (5e3 cynae je y HeKOAHKo Hacaefye, 
Koje PnM/baHn ocTaBnme HOBOMe eBponcKoaie ApyniTBy. A.m 
poncTBo OHaKO , EaKo ce y cpeAn.. BeKy nojaB.tyje , Hnje to- 
.flnKO pnMCKa ycTaHOBa ; kojihko npon3BOA cypoBocm Tor HOBor 
ApyniTBa , c jeAHe , a ocKyAnn,e paAeHnx pyKy Ha npocrpaHHM 
h n^OAHHM no.5>HMa n CKopo HenpeKHAHHx paiOBa, c Apyre 
dpaHe. Ochm 'rora, qecie n Heodn^Ho jane iviaAHe roAHHe, 
CBarAa cy AOBOAHJie noAodap 6poj JbjftE, a,otaq c/lo(>oahhx, 
Aa dnpajy H3i«ei)y cipanme cipm n aiHBOTa y ciyjKdn OHora 
cpeKHor cyceAa, kojh je naiao AOCTa cpeACTaBa Aa cede n 



') Hiillman, Der Byzantinische Handel, 102. — Hoffman, 347 



CTy^UJE 3A HCTOPHJy CPnCKe TPrOBHHE 131 

CBora HOBor potfa Hcxpann. Y Mypaiopnja naiajy 3aHHM.BHBH 
noAaTHH o Tome, KaKO cy c/io6oahh .tyAH y Bpeaie Ma/in Aeuy 
h cpoAHHKe CBOje npoAaBaJiH caMO Aa Ao bito xpaHe AO^y. 1 ) 
Ochih c/io6oahhx .ty ah, kojh cy oAMax jom y TOKy iviaAHe 
roAHHe A^sa^H ciodoAy cBojy y pasaieHy 3a xaq6 , un.io nx 
je no AocTa h TaKBHx , kojh cy ia^o no3Hnje a ycvieA Te 
oaAH npe^a3HyiH y peA podoBa. Ohh cy t. j. 6hjih y HeBo.BH 
Aa y cbojhx HMyhHHx cyceAa y^HHe 3ajaM, kojh hm je He- 
MoryhHO 6uao Aa BpaTe. Y TaKBOj npn./iHHH AyasHHK je npe- 
/ia3no y B^acT CBora noBepnona , kojh je Morao Aa ra AP&n 
y TaMHHHH Kao cyam>a , hjih Aa mme oa aera cayattfy paAOM 
H.eroBHM. H3 npBe nojioBHHe Xlll-or BeKa HMajy yroBopn H3- 
Mehj Aa^iMaTHHCKHX npnMopcKHX rpaAOBa , y KOJHMa ce to 
npejiaatefte AyaJHHKa y BJiacT noBepnona npaBHo ypefyyje.' 2 ) 
Ha^eiio obo ocTajio je y ochobh KpeAHTHHx oAHomaja n y 
no3Hnja BpeMeHa. Toa- 1408. /ljdpoBqaHH ma.ty rocno^H 
Mapn ByKa BpaHKOBHna h cHHy joj Taypfyy CBora rpafyaHHHa 
a H>HX0Ba Ay^HHKa $paHKa BacH.BeBHka , kojh Heaia *iHMe 
Ayr a^ HyiaTH, na hhcmo 3aBpmyjy pe*nia: ,,rocnoAtcrB8 bh 



i) Muratori, Antiqu. Italicae, I, 756. — AaHac jeABa Aa MOffieMO 
Aa BepyjeMo, KaKBiix je ucKymeaa HapoA y BpeMe iviaAH y 
cpeAfteM BeKy AonaAao. HpH3opn, KaKBe Han je y Hame Aane 
Aayia iviaA y Opncu n y Ilepcuju, OiiBa^iu cy y cpeAftesi Beity y 
EBponu qeuiLn ii rpo3Hujn. IIpoAaBaH>e Aen.e a cpoAHUKa y poo\ie 
joni je (uara cTBap. Aaii cy AO.aa3ii.in AaHii, y Kojima cy .lyAii 
kahak CBojy Aeny n Kene re nx jean. Kpcram BUTe3 PooepT 
npn3Hao je jaBHO y Puny, Aa je y Bpeiwe r.iaAHe toa- 1200. y 
Miicnpy 6aBehn ce, uojeo CBojy iKeuy h Khep. Ilo capaueiicKOM 
iicTopimy A6AayiaTH(})y tc ce rc-Aime TaKo mro bjuo ?ecxo ao- 
ral>a./io: oh npnia KaKO je jeAnora AaHa y jeAaH nyT noryoAeiio 
30 jKCHa, Koje cy Aeuy cisojy iioje^ie. Michaud, Histoire des 
Croisades, II, 191. — JeAHe MaAue toahhc y X1I-om b. Manap 
jeAaH nojeo je „AeBe r r yrojeimx itaayfyepa. 1 ' Waclisnmth, Eu- 
ropaische Sittengeschichte. 

2 ) Bua. B. nexpaHOBiiLa H.iaiiaic „0 PoCcTBy y Radu Jug. Au. 
XVI, 67. 



132 CTVAIf.Ji; 3A IICTOI'IIIV (i Hi 1.1. TITOBIIHE 

ii ci.nrra j\Ai>mimui nocflacMO h HMajM ra CTe v> p»E8 na boah) 
h noTOML &&a\\ ra ere Baineaia uoc/ih y p»ae u hijcth ra: — 

H fcTO BH ra HWIUTI. H3B IIOBH (OnCTL HOCHjiaMO a BLCe ©B03H 

Aa bh He 6\5fl,a fochoaI'Ctbh nnoroAi Ao Haci> ; s'lHiin're ihto 

BH l€ XttT'liHLie (d/l,L Bailiera AJUyTKHE&a,." ') — 

Ba.La nyn:jiiaTH Aa je upoa xpnmLaHCBa oAMax c 110- 
^ieTia join ii])GAy3e^a Aa paAH nporHBy yeraHOBe ponciBa. 

JeAHHM MaXOM Of)OpHTH JO HHJe MOM3 , uae je Kopau no 

KopaE niii^a cyadfljajytiH je. /J,o Kapaa BeMKor po6.i>e ce Ha 
sanaAy upoAaBaiio Kao CTOKa, h c ilhmc ce hh Ma^io 6oJbe> 
nocryuajio Hnje. 3ay3HMaity ijpKBe nma ce npHnncaiH hito je 
Kapjio BeMKH ysaKOHHO Aa npoAaja po6a He BaaiH , aKO ce 
He y i iHHH npeA 3BaHH i iHHHHMa AP^aBHHM hm H,pKBemiM, h^h 
HHaqe npeA AodpHM CBeAOHOia. 2 ) H)OJ3H ce HMajy npunHcain 
n cbh H03BHJH 3aKOHH , eojh cy H3AaBaHH Aa samxHTe po(5a 
oa nycror HacH^a rocnoAapeBa. Oa AeBexora BeKa pnMCKe 
cy nane Bnrae nyra H3AaBa./ie sadpaHy Aa ce po6.i>e He npo- 
Aaje Myc^yMaHHMa. 3 ) Ajih nopeA CBera h npeKO CBera nnaK je 
Ha 3anaAy oa EBpone iproBHHa c po6.i>eM ociajia y cymTa- 
CTBeHoj cbojoj pyrodn CBe ao ho3ho y neiHaecTH BeK! Eh- 
rjiecKa je ocooVro y XII-OMe BeKy BOAH^ia Bp^io aiHBy ipro- 
BHHy c po6.i>eM; TaMomita B^acie^a npoAaBa^a je .tyAe ca 
cbojhx daniTHHa HpD,HMa , aok obh npeA CBpraeTaK ABaHaecxor 
BeKa H3 no^iHTHnKHx npnspeifca He 3a6paHnme yB03 po6oBa H3 
EHr^iecKe. 4 ) Y <PpaHHycKOJ , IIInaHHJH n MTa.iHJH MHoro ce c 
poovLeai TproBajio y XIII-om BeKy, h no3Hnje. EpcxamKn pa- 

TOBH AaM Cy TprOBHHH TOJ HOB HOiieT. Bp.<10 je SKaJlOCHO, 



') Cnow. /lytfp. Apx. I, 99. 

2 ) Muratori, Ant. Ital. I, 758. — Obo je ua<je.io npem.io n y 
APyra 3aKOHOAaBCTBa u y XIII ii XIV-om BeKy Ha^ia3UM0 ra y 
CTaiyTuiia Aa./iMaT. rpaAOBa. HeTpaHOBiili, Rad, XVI, 69. 

3 ) Daru, Hist, du Gonv. de Venise, XIX, 124. — Hera imcae 
Aa je oBaKBy HapeA^y ii3Aao jonj Kapjio-HaH y cpeAumi Vlll-or 
b. Hallam, 614. 

4 j Hallam, Middle Ages, 614. 



CTyAUJE 3A IICTOPIIJy CPBCKE TrTOBBBE 100 

ajin je ne./ia ncrnHa , j\r , aok ce 3anaAHn pniepn 6opnme ca 
CapaneHnaia 3a oc/iouofyeite xpnmhaHCKnx CBeinx MecTa, 3a- 
naAHH TproBnn Hocnme CapanemiMa Ha npoAajy opysje n 
xpnmhaHe podoBe! 1 ) 

y Hamoj dpaHH EBpone TproBiHa je c pod-ten Kpo3 n,eo 
cpe/i,n.H BeK hcto TaKo jRHBa (ma (aKO He n &nB.i>a) Kao h 
Ha 3ana^y. J[o CBpmeTKa AGBeTora BeKa M.Leqnhn cy H3BO- 
3flyiH c Hamer npniopja po(Ue Kao TproBamtH apTHKao , ho- 
cehn ra y I^apnrpaA, AeBaHTy h Mncnp. M.teTaqKH hcto- 
pnnn TBpAe (Ha CBy npn^iiKy c ochobom) Aa cy HapcwHTO 
Haran HepeT.iaHH n OammaHn, rycapehn no Mopy n paTyjyhn 
ca cbojhm cyce^HMa , Ha6aBj>a./in po6jLe 3a M.^eiaqKe TproBije. 2 ) 
Mhc/ih ce Aa je Ay^Ae Ypceo^o EapTHnnnaT roA- 8S0. H3- 
Aao 3aK0H, a^ ce CapaneHHMa n y onmTe HeBepHnnnia , po- 
doBH He npoAajy. 3 ) Kae oBaj je 3aKOH ociao TeK Ha aprajn; 
M.ieTaqKH cy TproBnH TproBa^iH po6.teM n npoAaBa.w ra Ha 
CBe dpaHe joni nyHnx 500 roAHHa. Toa. 1421. Ay^Ae Mo- 
^eHnro y c/mbhoj cbojoj deceAn c hohocom roBopetn o pa3- 
BHTKy M^eTaqKe TproBHHe noainite H3Mel)y Apyrora p,a, Mn- 
jiaHnn na3ape y M/tennMa CBaKe roAHHe 3a 30.000 AyKaia 
podoBa ! 4 ) ApyrHM pe*ma , h cyAehn no neHaMa pod.ta y oho 
Aoda , M.teqnfrn cy n3B03H^n y MnjiaHCKy roAHD3H>e 500 ao 



1 ) Michaud, Hist, des Croisades, III, 445; Hallam, Ha HaB. m., ii 
AP- y HCTopnjii cpeABbOBeiHe TproBUHe c poCteM Hena iKa.io- 
CHiijer Aorafcaja oa OHora, ko-jiim ce jjAe^ujii KpcTauiKH boxoa" 
roA- 1213. Bepcvic-MCTBOM n 6e3Ayinnouihy Mapce.fcCKiix nmeKy- 

.iaHaTa, 3aBpniuo. Te je rc-Aime oko 50.000 Aeue U3 HeiiaiKe, 
$4aBApnje, 'tpauiiycKe Kao y hckom .ayAn.iy noBpBe.io k cpeAU- 
3eMH0M Mopy Aa iuy y JepycayiiiM. OHe kojh Aohoiue y Mapce.fo 
neKii mneKyyiauTu yivpuame y .lake, TO-Coat Aa nx B03e y Ciipiijy. 
ami y mccto Tora ii3Be3ome nx y A.ieKcaHApujy h npoAaAorae 
y po6^e. Michaud, II, 202. 

2 ) Marin, I, 53. 

3) Daru, XIX, 125. 
'«) Daru, II, 305. 



134 CTyAHJE 3A HCTOPHJy CPnCKE TITOBHHE 

1000 poCoBa. /I,a ce potf.ieM TproBa.10 h noc/ie MoneHHra, 
Toaie je HajtfojfcH AOKa.3 oHaj 3aKOH oa roA- 1446, kojhm ce 
M.Le'raHKHM TproBUHMa 3a6pan>yje ^a npoAajy poCu.e Ay^poB- 
qaiMMa h /l,a^MaTHHij,HMa , ,,no T ieM ra obh npenpoAajy Typ- 
ii,nMa." ') Jom ce h H3 to a. 1453. e&amu cnoMeHa o M.Le- 

TaiJKOJ TprOBHHH OBOJ.') 

Ha cpaMOTy BM3aHTHJCKe u,HBH^H3ai^HJe , Ba.La npnsHaTH, 
Aa je naj3ehii Tpr 3a pod.i.e y xpnwhaHCKOMe cBexy 6ho Cam 
y H,apnrpaAy, y npecT0./iHHH.n OHAanme uHBOH3anHJe. Hesmn 
h YrpH , npo^ia3etiH Kpo3 cpncKe 3eM.i»e , boah^ih cy ao cBp- 
meTKa Xll-or BCKa , — a Ha cBy npn./inKy h no3Hnje — 
pouOBe Ha Tpr HapnrpaACKH. 3 ) H Pycn oa Kpaja Aeceiora 
Bena, uoienie Aa nopeA Koata h aJBapa AOHOce y H,apnrpaA 
h podoBe. 4 ) TiiaBHH npeKynun pycKora po6.ia Ha OBOBie Tpry 
6hjih cy M.teqHiiH, kojh cy ra noc/ie pa3HOCHJin Ha npoAajy 
Heraxo y Mncnp h y BapBapcuy, a noMaBHTO y caMy Hia- 
^Hjy, ^paHHycKy h IEnaHHJy. Po6obh h po6.Be H3 Pycnje 
CTOjajis cy Ao^po Ha n,eHH. KHes CaBojcKH AmaAeo CJaBekn 
ce y I^apnrpaAy roA- 1367, Kynno je xy ABa M^aAa po6a 
(Ha CBy npHJiHKy Asa Pyca) n^aTHBrnn 3a CBaKora no 72 nep- 
nepe. 5 ) ToAHHe 1428. M^e^HBH cy KynnjiH Ha HCTOMe Tpry 
podnity jeAHy, PycKHity, HeKy kojoj je 6uao 33 roAHHe, a 
miaTHme 3a H»y 60 neKHHa. 6 ) PaAH ynope^eaa HaBenihesio 
Aa ce Mefyy Typuoia y Bpeaie cy^xaHa Mypaia, KOCOBCKe 
ycnoMeHe, neHa jeAHora po6a y cpeA^y pyKy pawHajia Ha 
125 acnpi, 7 ) H3Met}y 3 n 4 AyKaia. 

HpeMa npH.iHKajia eBponcKora ApymTBa , He Moa;e Hac H3- 

HeHaAHTH IHTO TprOBHBH C po6.teM Ha^a3HM0 BHHie mh MaH>e 



') Daru, Ha hct. m. 

2 ) De la Primandaie, Etudes sur la Comerce du Moyen age, 140. 

s) Hoffmann, Hiillmann, Ha uct. m. 

4 ) KapaM3HH, 1 365. 

5 ) Cibrario, II, 291. 

6 ) Daru, XIX, 125. 

7 ) Hammer, Gesch. des Qsman.Reiches, I, 167. 



CTyAHJE 3A UCTOPKJy CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 135 

TparoBa h y HameM HapoAy. Jaqnx h HecyMH>HBHJHX xparoBa 
Ha^asHMO TOMe y ohhm KpajeBHMa Haraera Hapo^a, kojh cy 
6ejie mm hoa BpxoBHOi B^amliy h hoa yn^MBOM t>eHnja M.te- 
Ta^iKe peny(MHKe (/^ydpoBHHK, otokg h rpa^oBH Aa.iMaTHHCKn), 
mi cy HHaqe He 6hbihh boa M^eTaTOOM B^amty HMajin nnaK 
npniiHKe Aa Ty TproBHHy 6e3 BeMKHx cMeTH>a a c KopnmLy 3a 
nojeAHHe BOAe (KoTop, BocHa h 3axym.Be). Maitnx h cia- 
(Jhjhx TparoBa Hajia3HMO no KpajeBHMa cpncKor HapoAa kojh 
cy no A^^e oa Mopa. 

fl,& cy /ljt>poBqaHn n KoTopnn TproBaM po6,i>eM, to ce 
bhah H3 anxoBora TproBaqKor yroBopa oa toa- 1279, y Kone 
ce yTBptjyje Aa Ay^po^aHH m Koiopa n Koi'opaHH H3 Ay- 
6poBHHKa Mory h3bo3hth po6oBe n podiite (servos et ancil- 
las.') EeTpaHOBHti tbpah a& ,.ycTaHOBa KOTopcKa HMa MHoro 
ypeAa6a o poncTBy, oa KyAa ce MOJKe 3aM>y*iflTH , Aa je pon- 
ctbo Mopa.io 6hth pacnpocTpaE>eHO y ohoj KpajnHH, a Tpro- 
BHHa c pofx^eM Bpjio jaKa." 2 ) Ba&a niaTH Ha yMy, Aa je 
Kotop y oho Aotfa HCTHHa h 6ho hoa 3amTHTOM cpncKnx Kpa- 
jteBa h napeBa , ajin Aa mh 3a caAa joni He 3HaMo y ko-ahko 
ynpaBo naAa oAroBopHOCT 3a KOxopcKy TproBHHy c pod.i>eM Ha 
cpncKe BJiaAaone, jep He 3Hasio y kojihko je B^iacT anxoBa 
Morjia Aa yi'Hie Ha caMoynpany onmTHHe KOTopcKe. /I,a je obo 
po(Ue 6eao BetiHHOM H3 cpncKnx KpajeBa cyceAHnx AyCfpoB- 
HHKy h KoTopy, o Toie jeABa Aa ce cynaaTH Moaie. JaAHH 
na'rapeHHH (BoryMHJin) Kao Aa cy AaBa^in iviaBHH Ma'repnja/i 3a 
OBy TproBHHy. y craTyTHMa Kpno./iaHCKHM HMa jeAHa oa^vk.i, 
kojom ce KHe3y A03B0.i>aBa Aa „3a CBOJy AOMaKy noTpetfy Moaje 
KynHTH ABe ear TpH podnibe naTapeHKe H3 EocHe." 3 ) 

Hero Aa ce o oboj HenuMoj CTBapn cyA H8pe?e , Hnje ao- 
CTa Aa 3HaMO Aa cy npnMopcKH rpaAOBH TproBa/m pod.i.OM n 

1 ) Listine, I, 129. 

2 ) Rad, XVI, 69. 

s ) Rad, XVI, 69. OA-ayKa Ta y hcto Bpejie npenopyqyje, Aa KHe3 
Haiiirm nucMeno o nasapy TOiie. 



136 CT7AHJB 3A HCTOI'Hjy CPHCKE TITOBIIHi: 

Aa je obo BetiHHOM AO./ia3H./io H3 BocHe m 3axyM.i»a. Bp^io je 
BaffiHO Aa ce 3Ha: jo ae aaKOHOM moCoaho 6wm, j\a BAacTe- 
;wh cpncKH y MHpno Ao6a m y peAOBHHM npnyiiiKaMa npoAa 
cBoje OTpoKe KOMe xohe , hah ce npoAanaAo 'reK casio oho 
po6.i.e Koje je HeKO y paTy 3aAo6no?! 

3a oho npBO He HaAa3HMO HnrAe noTBpAe. IHra BHine 
3ai«)H /ljinaHOB H3peKOM 3ao'paH J yje Aa ce oipoun He Aajy 
y npfinjy (vji. 42). A KaA BAacTeMHy cpncKoaie HHJe cao- 
Cioaho Aft potfa hah pofkn.y cBojy AW y3 Khep CBOjy Kao 
npliHj'y, HHj'e npHAHKe Aa My je cnotioAHO 6h./io Aa hx npoAa 
Koiie xoke h KaA xoKe. IIIto ce y ncioMe HAany 3aKOHHKa 
HanpeA Beau: „n oxpoKe hito HMaio BAacTtAe Aa HMb cs oy 

daiUTHHH H HHXB A^H,e Oy 6aniTHHH BBMBHH", — to jom He 

3Ha*in Aa nx Mory npoAaBaTH. Ba.Ba ce ceraTH Aa je 6hao 
BpeMe, KaA 6anrrHHHK HHJe HMao npaBO Aa npaBy 6aiHTHHy, 
3eM.By CBojy npoAa, hhth je hoa Ay raaH0M BAacTeAHH Morao 
Aa hooohh cBojy 3eMA>y KOMe je xieo. Ho MOMe cxBaTaay 
3aKOHHK noAJeM^aBa BAacTe;inHy Aa je otpok H.eroB , Aa My 
ra hhko Apyrn 0Ay3eTH He Moaie , Aa je iteroB Aooe My toa 
oh caM hah ^eHa hah chh H>eroB He Ka&e : AajeM th Aa en 

HOTHyHO CB0J. 1 ) 

Am Aa ce npoAaBaAo pod.Be y paiy 3aAo6nBeHO , o TOMe 
He MO^e MHoro cyMite 6hth. To je Ae^&AO y caMOMe HanHHy 
OHAanmera BojeBaita. Ha napeBy BoJHy CBaKH je nmao no 
AyatHocTH a o cBOMe concTBeHOMe xponiKy. Mhc/ihao ce , Aa je 
npaBHHHo Aa ce bojhhk 3a oBaj cboj H3AaTaK HaKHaAH ohhm 
hito yn^eHH , hah 3apo6n. Hnje qyAo dito cy mhoth bojhhijh 
ycpeAcpetjHBayiH CBojy naatity caMo Ha HAeH. Hhth je *iyAO 
hito cy paTOBH y XIV-om h Aoneoe y XV-om BeKy Betin- 
hom 6ecKpBHH, 2 ) noneM je cBaKOMe BOJHHKy 6hao y HHTepecy 



') „Tbkmo hito Kie B^acTeyiiiHL npocTUTii, a mii ms ateHa a ilw 
chhb, T03in Aa kctl cbo6oaho." — 1a. 41 Ay m - 3aR. 

2 ) Obo je oua3iio Xa^aM roBopeLu BojeHOJ cncxeMu OHora AoCa 
y onniTe a na no ce y HTa.iBJu. Hallam, 223. — Bojtera ao- 



CTJ'AHJE 3A IICTOPUJy CPDXKE TPrOBHHE 137 

He Aa yunje cBora HenpnjaTe.Ba , BeL. caMO Aa ra otfesopya&a 
h sapodn. A aito ce 3apo6.teHHK Morao Aa ncKynn , thm do.te; 
aKO HHje, OH/i,a je dojao Ha noinyHOM pacnojio^eay oHora 
kojm ra je 3apo6no , n koju ra je Morao dannTn y BennTy 
TaMHHH,y eae ra Tepain Ha paA hjh Hajnoc/ie npoAara Rome. 
Hero y OBaKBO po(tae nncy njiAaM camo ohh Koje bojhhk Ha 
(JojHOie no.ty o6e3opya;a , Ben 6am HaponnTO Heopyajami n 
HejaKn HapoA- Y saBaflaMa n paioBHMa H3Jiebj nojeABHnx 
B^acTe^ia, H3iel)y onrnTHHa a n inei^y HapoAHnm paxoBnua, 
odnrao ce hhl/io Ha to, Aa ce }j uaqrg &yAH." KHe3 saxytt- 
ckh ^pHOinp y cpeAHHH XIII-or Beita atajiH ce Ha Henpnja- 
TeACKo noHamafte /ljdpoBnaHa na hm Be^in „i€CTe mh AP^re 
MUe , TpH qaoBiKa r repe ;KeH8.* (Moil Serb. 42). IIpaBetin 
Mnp c KpaAGM ypomei toa. 1253. AytfpoB^aHH ce o()Be3yjy 
„^QAv\A,b 3euie KpaaeBCTBa th kok cmo HJitHOBayin h icctb a 
Hacb Aa H) HOAaMO." (Mon. Serb. 47). 

HeiaH>H}iH paAebH cbojckh Aa ce no 3eM.tn ncTpedn pa3- 
■doJHHiuTBo h Aa ce Ha Mecio Hepe^a h HecnrypHonn 3aBeAe 
peA h cnrypHOCT, thm cainm paAMH cy Aa ce npecene Tp- 
roBHHa c pod.Lei. Bp^o je 3Ha^aJH0 Aa mh H3 H>nxoBora Aoda 
HeMaio jacHa h no3HTHBHa cBeAonaHCTBa, Aa ce Ha cpncKOJ 3e- 
m.bh hoa HenocpeAHOM Byiamhy Kpa&eBa, poo.Le npoAaBa.io. 
Kojihko je MeHH 3a ca^a no3Hai'o, jeAHHH je micneim cno- 
MeH o TproBHHH c pod.Besi y OHOMe 137-om ^lany AyiuaHOBa 
3aK0HHKa: „H kto npoAa xpuciiaHima oy hhh neB'tpi.Hoy 
Bipoy, Aa Moy ce poyKa wcene n ezmib oypeae." A a ce 
OBAe ne mhcah Kaio^inKa BeponcnoBecr to h3boahm oty.vi. 

HITO H>OJ SaKOHHK OOMHO TOBOpU IuTO „JiaTIIHCKOJ Bepfl* 

ear join HapoiHTO o „jaTHHCKOJ jepecn" (b. va 13S, 139). 
II oa „HeBf>pHOM B'lipoM" peKao 6nx Aa 3aK0HHK pa3yjieBa My- 



Ka3a oBone y iiamoj iicxopnjn seiia oa na-tima ua koju ce bo- 
Aho paT ue\)Y Bochom h AyGpoiwiiKOM c noieTKOM XV-or Beita, 
o leiuy HMajy Taito ;ianiuiAHBii no-AaTUu y IlynuliciniM Cpn, Cn. 
Ay op. ApxiiBC. 



138 CTyAHJE 3A ncTOPHjy chicke titobmhe 

xai«e/i,ciHi],e , n no TOMe Aa je osaj ^li.ih OAJeK ohhm 3aKOHHiia, 
kojh cy oa crpaHe nana , AyatAeBa n 3anaAHnx B./iaAa.iana m- 
AaBaHH , Aa ce poo\i>e ne npOAaje MycfloaiaHHMa. 3a6paityjylin 
H3peKOM a^ ce po6.Le He npoAaje MyxameAaHunMa Ha hctok, 
Aa ae 3aKOH npehyTHO A03B0.i>aBa Aa ce oho aioate npoAaBaTH 
Ha 3anaA xpHiutaHHMa ? ! CyAeKn no skhboj TproBHHH c po- 
orest y M.LennMa , y /IjCipoBHHKy n KoTopy, CBa je npnMKa 
Aa je A03BO.i»aBao. KaKO CBa ociaaa Hapel)eH>a AymaHOBa 3a- 
KomiKa He Aajy nam mhc/ihth , Aa je cjioooaho 6hjio oTpoKe, 
Ha cpncKoj 3eM^n pot>eHe n Bet HacTa&eHe, npoAaBam, to 
HaM ocraje Aa OHaj HanpeA HaBeAeHH HjiaH (137-mh), roBopn 
o xpnraiiaHHMa y paiy 3apoo\i>eHnM. 

Hnje TemKO ona3HTH KaKO je obo Ha^e^o (A03B0.LeHa 
npoAaja paranx 3apo6vi>eHnKa Ha 3anaA) ocTaB.taiio otbo- 
peHa Bpaia 3./ioynoTpe6'aMa. TproBHa y KoTopy n.in y J\,j- 
^poBHHKy Hnje ce 6ara teamo, Aa m je ^ie.iaAe, Koje My 
ce HyAH Ha npoAajy, 3ancia y paiy 3apod.keHo hjih je ca 
6amTHHe Hdor Tor B^acTeMHa kojh ra npoAaje. Bnke Aa cy 
cpncKH B./iaAaoHH npeAy3HMa^n KaKBe Mepe Aa ce OBe 3ao- 
ynoTpede cnpe^ie, Kao hito je BepoBaTHo Aa je /IjdpoBHHK 
Ha 3axTeBaH»e cpncne BJiaAe H3AaBao OHe cBoje HapeA^e ko- 
jnMa je roA- 1320. 1325. n 1340. 3a6pan>HBao Aa hhko He 
npniaa , He npnKpnBa n He npeB03n Ha Any.tcKH hhth Ha Ka- 
KaB Apyrn Tpr CpdHHa hah Cpmcnity Kao poda n ponKnay. 1 ) 
Oa^kom ohom oa 16. 3>e6p. 1325. to ce 3a6paH>yje He caMO 
Ay6poBaqKHM rpafyaHHMa Bet h CTpaHHHMa. 

A^h KaA nocae HesiaH>nha HacTynnme yHyTpam&n paTOBn 
ApataBH cpncKoj , KaA HnrAe Hnje 6eaq aoboaho jaKe neH- 
TpajiHe CHare Aa odApacaBa peA, OHAa je Bet TemKO 6eao 
CTaTH Ha nyT TaKBHM 3^.oynoTpe6aMa , n H3 ApymTBeHora 
xaoca jaBHO ce noMa/ia raAHa aBeT „TproBHHe c .tyACKHM 
MecoM." ,3,OJia3aK h ycnex TypaKa Ha cpncKoj 3eM.tn oxpa- 

J ) Liber Reformationum, cap. V, IX, X, y Ilymita Cpn. CnoM. 
Ay^P- ApxHBa, II, 156, 158. — 



CTJ r /l,njE 3A HCTOPHjr CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 139 

tfpno jy je. Ilpe 6etkq KOcoBCKe jom ce He bhah, a.in no- 
cae ie 6wme H3 a,slrsl y AaH nocTaje cBe jacHHje Aa ce H3- 
netjy /JjCpoBHHKa h BocHe boah TproBHHa c pod.LeM. 3aKOH 
KOJH jy je 3a6pait.nBao Kao Aa je nocrojao, a.in Hnje (mo 
CHare Koja 6vl My nonxroBaiba npndaBHyia. ToAHHe 1400. Kpa.L 
6ocaHCKH Ocroja 2Ka./iH ce /IjtfpoBHHKy, nrro 0Ba TproBUHa 
npeoTHM^e Max. /IjtfpoBiaHn My 11. CenxeMdpa ncre roAHHe 
onncyjy: „H bito Kpa^i€BLCTBO th nnme 3a neAMA.h... Aa th 
«3Ha BejiaqbCTBO , mh cmo iloca&ar sanoBiAare no Tptru n Aa 
ce AmR no BceMt Tptru, Aa hhktopb He CMi KsnoBaTb he 
npOAaBaiB nej\v\A.b , i€pb ht,cmo xwthh Aa hhtko TpbiKH 
.iioAcniMH MecH." H Ao^ie Ha Kpajy: „Hsme MHoro mo^hmo 

Kpa.fll€BCTBO TH, 6»AH TH EEAOCTb 3aHOBHA'BTB H (dji,h Bame 

CTpaHe nocTaBHTB CTpams Aa ce *ie./mAHK> He tpbjeh." 1 ) 

06pa30BaHOCT , Koja je y to Ao6a Ben Baa^a-aa y flj- 
dpoBHHKy, Aaje HaM mhc/ihth, Aa je OBa nsjaBa sancia hc- 
KpeHa 6ea&. Hhth HMa Ma KaKBa pa3yiora mhcihth , Aa Kpa.i. 
docaHCKH HHJe jehbo h ycpAHO 2Ke./ieo Aa ce TproBHHa Ta 
cnpe x iH. Kae HnjeAaH KpaA OHora Ao6a Hnje HMao Man.e B^ia- 
cth oa Kpa^a 6ocaHCKora. BocHa je (ma c no^eTKOM neTHa- 
ecTora Bena Ha nyi'y ApyniTBeHor pacnaaaaa h ApataBHe npo- 
nacTH. OTBopeHa h jaBHa TproBHHa c poo.beM TeK je 6n.ia 
caMo jeAaH chmhtom Te ApymTBeHe no-inT^rne (taiecm. na 
Aa dorMe Aa HHHiTa HHcy noMarayia cpeAcma ynpaB.baHa npo- 
THBy cHMHTOMa , aok je yHyTpamH>a 6o.iecT poBa^a CBe Aa.be. 
„/l,peBa a , caAa Tade^a, y ao^hhh HepeTBHHOJ , CTeoa cy 
mo HMe Kao Tpr Ha KOMe ce y npBoj neTHHH XV-or BeKa 
tiocaHCKa ne.BaA npoAasada. H3 foa- 1419. nMano oa 4. 
Ceirreffltipa onei' jeAHO BeoMa 3aHHM.bHB0 hhcmo Ay<5poBa*iKO 
TproBHHH c po6yLeM. „A ihto nHHieTe" ojiroBapajy ohh KH03y 
IlaBjiy JypjeBHhy, „3a oohc koh ch ye.iWAi. npoAaBa.iu r raM0 

Ha /l.ptBtXb, H T8A'B3H, HaHIL HO l ITeHH npiIKlTe./lH) , CBtTS 



') CnoM. 4y6p. Apx. I, 31. 



140 CTyAIIJE 3A HGTOril.l.V CPHCKE TPrOBHHE 

ckpobho H't h BceM« pacaru (JocaHicKOM8 , Aa ni'ia noyreBia 
iqj«ne docanLCKe. mh cmo tp»ahjih, hhci^h h ctpethjih no- 
cn^aie, 3ap» i iae Ha Bi>ce CTpane, komko ce i€ naraa mouitl 
npocuipajia , j\a ce He npo/;aio , icpt cl Tora 6tme npnpoRL 
pscara a n homl ho ./laTiiHi.cntxb MicrexL tat, roBopaxs: 
(jocua npo^aie more, a TaMO ie CJocua 6.1H38 Baci>, a toh CTe 
Btce icaho." ') H3 OBora nnciyia Aa.te A03HajeMo Aa cy Ay- 
dpoBnami , iaA je Kpa/b Ocroja jeAHOM npiMHROM hoxoaho 
XyaicKy, noc^a,/in nooncape Aa My roBope Aa KR3HH oHe, 
kojh 'rprj'jy ne.BaAH , ayin hm OcToja onpocrn h join MO.Banie 
h Ay^poBanKor KHe3a n Bete Aa hm onpocie , nno obh n 
yiiHHnme uoa yc^oBOM a& kphbhh Bnme HHOAa pou.lcm He 
Tpryjy. 

/I,ok je join 6h.io Ma caMo n ceHKe xpnmKaHCKe B^aAe y 
Bochh , AOT^e ce jom y o6paHy nacTH h Mopajia moivio dap 
OBAa h OHAa noKymaBaxH, Aa ce daHe Ha nyT HenoBe i moj 
oboj TproBHHH. Y npaKTHip OHa ce BOAH./ia, aJlH TO Ten HO 
3^oynoTpe6n a y xeopHJH 3aE0H jy je 3a6paitHBao. A.in KaA 
Typnn Aoijome Te BocHy 3ay3eme, c ftHMa je TproBHHH toj 
Aomao n ne^iaT 3aKOHHTocTH. ^ok je TproBHHa c po6.teM y 
cpncKHM 3eM^aMa 6ea& npon3BOA adaopMBHx oAHoraaja y ne- 
pnoAH ApaiaBHor pacnaAaifea, y TypaKa je OHa cynrracTBefla 
T iHH,eHHii,a y peAOBHOie ciaH>y ApyniTBeHO-no./inTnqHor cncieMa. 
OBaj MOMeHaT Mome nopeA mhothx Apyrax Aa nociy^H Aa ce 
Ha bhahk H3Hece orpoMHa pasjuma H3Met>y KapaKTepa cpncKe 
ApataBe hoa HeMaH.ntiHMa n ApyrnM HapoAHHM B.iaAaoHHMa, n 
KapaKTepa oTOMaHCKe AP^aBe , Koja ce Ha pa3Ba./niHaMa cpn- 
CKor h BH3aHTHJcKor napcTBa noAnr./ia. 



') CnoM. Ay^p. Apx. I, 146. 



CPIIC^E CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE, 

CaBe KocaHOBM^a. 

(BiiAn r.iacHnic XXIX.) 

1. 

IIhcmo onniTHHe capajeBCKe naTpnjapxy cpncKOM 
MaKCHMy. 

„A^to 1672. J\em. 3. HcnncL (Konnja) Knnra naTpi- 

apX8 CpbdCKOSTB KHpt Ma^HMH." 

.,/l,ocTo6jiaiKeHHOMT) n MHornMH bhah AodpoAeie.in HKpa- 
meHHOHH h dostuMi. npoMncaoMi iisdpaHBOMH odmiearb otd,8 na- 
CTnpeMT) uacrapa, 8*jHTeM) ate h HacTaBHHKH c/ioBecHnxi. oBaua 
CTa^a XpHCTOBa, HaMt ate MHororp'LnmHM'b mh.iocthbom8 omh- 
jioBaxe./iio npeocBeniTeHHOMU rocnoAUHH h odmxeMH otus na- 
Tpiapxs BiceMT. CpBtfjieirb n npo^HMi, iioimohhk8 ate atn- 

BOHOCHOM8 rpodn TOCIIOAHIO KHpUB) KHpBK) Ma$HH8 naTpiapX8 

g> rocnoA't do3e paAOBaiH ce khiiho bt» odonxt Ha MHora .ilvra. 

^bCHOMH TH CBeTHTe^lbCTB8 HHOrO CM'tpeHII Meiaflie II H1I3CKO no- 

ooHeHie tbophmx ao aima semua 6oronpocBtniTeHHOM8 otfpasa 
CBiixaro in 3paita, in MHororpt.imm le^a tboa Micia Capa- 
eBa uonoBH h blch odnrre cbdopbHO iipimaAaeMT. cb6T0M8 
noAHoatiio. 

IIO CHXT, aiUTC TH rpblllHII ROW BT> 8MB HpIIAOM'L. 11 BT>3- 

xoihtciiiii 8BeAeTH o uaiiieM'b npodiiBaniio n eiinc in. •,i;iii;ii\i. 
odp'BTaemce bt, H8atAe n ciqn.uii no Bee ahh (B otfnme Henpi- 
H3HH. Hi. 6^aroAa}>iiM7» dura o in.cexi.. ITaKii npHfle Kb ii;mi. 
cBe'roe tboo micauie n boctho osah 'rede mmocthbh rocno- 
AHHe niTo HaMi) deme odpasio sapaAii Baniero niHTponoMTa 



142 CPnCKE CTAPHHE 113 UOCHE 

KHp'L XpHCTH(|)opa ii paAH aenpn iijto cmo Aa.M uanin , KaKO 
ere pa3»Me^n KaAT> cmo mh H3rs6M^ii paAH uepKBe. Toro paAH 
cbhth C'rapn H3BecrHO pa38MeH Aa CKaaieMO th 6orb bt>ctl 

HCTHUO : HpHXOAH HaMT) Heo 6eji,n BI» uepKOB-L H H3r»6nCHO 

BHme fi> — f i - - (10.000) acnpii, a^n oBe aciipn mii He- 
miutomo (o Hamero MHTpono,iHTa nero he mo hx'l mh h njia- 
thth, a 0Ba e de^a noc/ieAH 6kah oko npHAe nama & Ba- 
HfJiHKe h CapaeBO Aa hag Ha bohckh h none booth bmahkh, 
a B^aAHKa 6euie h KpaHHH &om, nam, oko HeHahe OBAe 
B^aAHKe H3e TpaffiHXH nonoBe Aa A^A» BJiaAHKS a hohobu ho- 
tferome h cKpnnie ce: a oko HeHahome hh hohcobt, TaKO h 
«xBaTHrae eMD;e nonoBCKe h Ap»re cb HHMa h CTaBnme 8 to- 
Mp»Ke (oaAe) h » cHHunpe 1 ) h M8x8pt HApnme bi> uep- 
kobT) h enne Ha Kyha — af — no Bapoinn HCTepaB'nin aieH8 
h ag u,8 naKi) 11 M8x8p^eHm8; noc^ieAH H3BeAome time H3t 
xanca h 83enie mophth noAt AereHeKtoMT) h peKome Aa xoke 
h H,epKB8 o6hth h TpaatHTH , h OAa BHAecMo mh ocxajiH epe 
6k 3yie TaKO h 8Jie3ocMo ct npiuTe^H h (SceKOCMO aenpn Ha 

K0./1HK0 MOrOCMO BHAHTH , H HahOCMO atnpH Ha OMaT8 H Hpe- 

AaAOCMO , a caAH Bene cbhth Ciapn i ito MOJKeMO HqnHHTH. Obo 

TH HHHieMO HCTHH8 Bl,Ce TaKO HaMT. BJiaAHKH XpHCTa H TBO- 

ero fxiarocjiOBeHifl , a pa3«MeTH hemi, n a> Ap8rnxT>. HeLe 6hth 
obo .ziajKb. A 83e^H cmo M8 (S name CtepioHTiH) tbpba8. 3a 
Apsro hito cmo mh kphbh cbjith Orapn dora paAH ihto C8 ce 
THpnn HasqHJiH 83HMaTH HeLe ocraBHrB. H ^aHCK0M8 e naniH 
Aao ao — \ — (60.000) aenpn 3a CteproHTiio, a caAaHH nama 
CBe to i i8e h oaw M8 ne.flOBT.n,n koh c8 6eak h koat> npB- 
Bort name , a naKt KaKO HeHate ba&rrkq a He8(J)aTH nonoBe 

TaKO H 83e K0J1HK0 OHT> XOTe , a ge./lOB'fcK'B HAe Ha bohcks; 

HecMeA8 rocnoAa 6) MecTa ct> hbhmt. mhoto 6eceAHTH , e mh 
tito Aa caTBopHMo rAe Aa ce abhmo, a 3HaMO h mh cbhth 
C'rapa Aa e h HameMi. mhtpohojihth ms^ho h 3^a AOCTa , a/in 



') y obom iiHCMy n, ctojh Ha HeKoymKO Mj'ecTa, n caMO Ha jeAHOM 
3aMjeH>yje h,. ITpennc. 



CPHCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 143 

tto Aa CTBopnMO ; a (Oht> ekevie HGKa daBH eAHorL qe-iOBiKa 
OB^e 8 MecT« 3a cede Ka^e e mo iplda Aa bhah 3a Hero, 
Jianneti'L 6hth h hgml h Hani. A mio oeme nocjiao acnpn 
3a TeHnepe xaam Whkh, h enrre Hec« totobh, a OHe cHTHe 
acnpe npoaieHHCMo n aacMO Kpsrae , n Ap»ro ibto HeAOTene 
acnpn 3a „ieHuepe a<ith keMO mh; npoin 3a CBflToe th 6\ia- 
rocAOBeme h npocrn HaML Ciora paAH ; npo^ieML npocin npo- 
CTpaHCTBH n aiiHoateHiio peneML, n CBerie th moahtbh cl 
Haum HeAocTOHHHM, aMHH. — IlHca ce Mtcena 3. /J,eKeiiBpia 
h CapaeB8 , n MHoro MeTaHie TBopnM"L bl ceML npeAcroenrrnML 

HpeAT) CBeT03apHHM-L AHIjeML BL CeMt HO HMeHH." — 

2. ;1t»to 1672. JsHia 24. Ehcmo BAaAnun 

KHpt XpHCTH(|)Op8. 

Bce(ocBamTeHHOM8 h (JoaueML ociameML n3(>paHHOMV h 
anocTOACKaro npicTOAa HaMeci'HHKs nacrnptf ate h aqnTeAio 
HaML HHororpinrnHMT) ciaAa XpncTOBa mhaocthboml oMHAOBa- 
TeAio cBeTAenmeMH mhtpohoahth 6ocaH'cKOM« B.iaAHHe HameMH 
h rocnoAnHS khpl> XpncTH(|)op8 o rocnoAH 6o3e paAOBaTH ce 
khhho bl> odonxL , CBeTH'reALCTBH th (5 HacL MHororpkmHnxL 
qeA'fc tbohxl xpncTiaHT. nepKBH capaeBCKie d cBeTie th ptfne 
h H03e ;io6n3aeMo aniTe h rpinraH h HeAOCTOtmn scmh. 

Ho chxl BecrHo 6hj\,e Tedt. mhaocthbh rocnoAHHe KaKo S 
CBeTHTeyibCTBa th npHAe kt> HaM'L hoht. ylasra n Bosko h 
npHHece HaM'L TBoe BTemnTeAHoe nncame h — ff — apcAa- 
ma , (6 kohxl H3MeKe a«^hhkl HeKe A»KaTe h rpome rptnie, 
aAH hxl heMO pa3MeHHBaTH oko ce Moase. H passsiecMO BLce 
hito HaML deme BLodpa3io, pasuiieo ch KaKo e hto uii.io 
no hcthhh , h hito HaM'L 6eme nncao Aa th He pasHMeMo tboh) 

CKpL()L. 3HaMO BAaAHKO CBJ1TH , aAH IHTO A& CaTBOpiIMO , OBO 

alto 6in oeAHo h tp»aho h 'rede n HaML cbcml , saho S 
rocnoACTBSioiiiTHXL a Aptfro Bo.ieio doaueio ivuial, hi. d.iaro- 
AapnML dora. IlaKH hito HaML derae BLO(5pa3io sa lejUOBiite 

Aa HA» CL TOdOMT>, B.iaAHKO CBeTH MH CMC CLOlIpa.lH H 16J10- 



144 CPDCKE CTAPHHE li:t I.OOHE 

irbita T})<i;iiMJiM no MeaiAy naum koh 6h nomao cl tooomi. , a 
t;iko Hatoc'MO a* note lleTp'j, tupqia h noni B»KOMam> 
no'JTO cs OHAa ua np'BO B»KOMaiia h TpasBH^H n x;niin, (!) 
'iminyiH , a IleTp'L sin're a ApsrieM'i. HiihacD uocao h acnpe npe- 
AaBao Be^HKOM'L hexaiii ii 3iiaA« ra , tofo paAH hhx'l ooopa- 
cmo ua, noliH aiuxe tf.aaroBO.aH cbjithhh th , pi hohcth he «hh 
KHurs homhiib Kaiio cmo mh Aa^iH acnpn, nero BaaAHKO CBe'rn 

MGTaHia Til , (DTIIHHIH HaM'L 3a CBe , H KaA r I> MHCaHBTB USTOBaTH 

mwb /ia ce 'icaon'tiTL cnpeMa h rAe keie ce caciaTH Aa 3uamo 
B^odpaim HasrL. H obomh 'ie.aoBt.KH B.aaAHKo cbhtii amo heno 
TpajKHT'L KOHia n xapaMT. ibto he ocraBHTH Ha aomB, a y 
hhth KaKo 're don wie. 3Hanii) bahj\eko cbhth Bxce ihto e 
h aiio noieatA» Han. 3a AP«ro ito Aa peiearL, a& Bain, 
don /ia mhpht. hhtt> h xoieme CBoe no-aawn Tamo. H 
{Suhhih Hait 3a CBe, npoiesTb npocTH npocTpaHCTBB c/iobh n 
bMHo^eHie pe^eit , /ia npn.ao3KH'n th don a^tr kt» .aT/roii. 

BT> THHIHHe H Bl MHpe TAB60U,Q , H MOMT'BH TH CBeiie CT> 
HaMH HeAOCTOHHHMH , aMHHT..'" 

IIpHMJeA6a. IIo cboj npiuiinn TaAa je MiiTponcaiiT XpncTinjiop 
XTj'eo utn y naipHjapniHJy, a Mome 6htii ii no enapxnjii. E.ie sy^a 
My Aparo , jeAaH capajeBCKu cBeinTemiK ca naJM.tf.eHUM ^oBJeKosi mo- 
pao je Ha TpomaK napoAH.ii npaTUTii B^iaAHKy no nyiy. — 

3. IIhcmo HCToaie MHTpono^HTy, oa roAHHe 
1673. ABrycTa 22. 

„Mh./iocthbh oin.aoBaTe.aK) cBeT'jieiiniH n npiwcBemTeHHE 
rocnoAHHe Hamt h cbath MHTpono^HTe ! Bec'TO 6xa,e Te6e 
KorAa npHxoAHCMO HeKOH A6Hb kt. cBaTHHH th HeKoero paAH 
nocaa h TBoero h Haraero. Eaten nocrHJKe Han HeKoa nap- 
HHU,a (5kha'<* HeHaAiaxoMO ce, a to gctb (5 tbohx-l ca«n a 
Hamnxi) CBenrreHHHKi. , h Tannine Han BT>cexi> t e d 1 KaKO 
HenieiOTT, w HacL HHKoero nnoMomema , Hero Aa He d«Ae nut 
cecocKHXT. xpncriaHa hom'p'jih dn co iviaAH. Toro paAH CBeT- 
jeHHin rocnoAHHe Be^BMH ocKpi>6ec'Mo h 6n HaMt aeao hoVto 



Cl'ECKE CTAriIHE 113 BOCHE 145 

ocpaMOTnme Haci npeAt HamnM'B mhtpoho./ihtom'l HacB rptra- 
hhxt, h Hainnxi, H6orHXT> aomobt. Tpane38 , a mh rpinmn Api>- 
ikhmo hhx'b 3a He-ioBta AoCJpe h 3a cBanrreHHHKe Hame Koe e 
nociaBio Hami> tochoahb'b np'b©CB'EiHTeHHn MHTponoyinrt, h nc- 
npaBJUuiHCMO bito e duo ehx'l xaKi> , ano ./in ditl niia ito Ha 
komi, , HeKa hhit8, nasa B^a/inno cbhth ano ce Mors hoahochtt, 
h ^HBen> no MeaiA^ HacB ct, tbooio sanoBOAiio n (toarociOBe- 

HieM ? MH HHX'B He ©rOHHMO © HaCT> , a BJiaAHKO CBM'H 8 TBOefl 
A,eCHHD;H HBCTBHOH H MH H BjepKOBI H HOHOBH, OOra pa^H HpOMH- 
CJ1H H © HHX'B H © HaCL rp'BIHHHX'L H 3KHBOT8 HaiUeMT) H HpO- 

cth Bora paAfl h cb. mmhtbh cb HaMH rpiraHOMjb aMHHL." 

4. IIhcmo HCTOMe MHTpono^niy oa roAHHe 
1674. Jafiyapa 20. 

Bhhi'b ecxaBXHOM' (!) n paBiHOMi aHre./iOM'B n bt> cbjitu- 
Teyii€XT> npenseiHTHOMi. ocijmieM'L H36paHHOMT> n anocTO./icKaro 

np'feCTO.ia HaM'tCTHHKH naCTHpH JK6 H SWl't'.llO C/lOBtCTHnXT, 

OBau,a CTaAa xpnciOBa , HaM"L iKe MHororptinHnxi, mh./iocthbom'b 
OMHjiOBaie^H) np'tdocBflHiTeHHOMi) B/iaAHH'b n rocnoAHB8 HameiiT) 

MHTp0H0.flHT8 (JocaHCKWJTL KHpilO KHpilO KHpilO XpilCTH- 

(JtopH, © rocnoAH 6o3e paAOBaTH ce A^nieBue bt> k8hb vb 

H8BBCTBH HBCTH0M8 TH CBflTHTeJlbCTB8 Ha MHOra .I't'ia. 

Mn MHororptHiHn n HinorpeoHH pa6n h qeAUa tboji xpn- 
CTiaHH, koh ce cttfnpaMo kt, xpaara cbathx'b apxncTpaTHn m1- 
da CapaeBa Bi^HKH ate n Ma./ni khhho cmbp'bho n hhscko 
noooHieeie TBopion> doronpocB'BiHTeHHOM'B odpass cBirraro th 

3paO fl iIBCTH'M TH p8H,'fc H H03T, ./lOOHSaeMO. 

Ho chxtj B'licro 6«ah 'rede mliocthbh rocnoAHHe o ua- 

HICMl, X8A0M r B UptdllBanilO UOrtf X0ieUIT8 CB. TH MO.lHTBaMII 

enure b'b jsehbex/b odpt/raeMo ce, a sa orra.m ito fla pe^em, 

MMpHOCTJlO H'liCMO MHpHH ©BCbA8 '• KaKO nphB'fcO CBH TIIHJl III 

nocaa nucame ho BSKOMans n AoKe na poiMerr'Bo xpnrroBO 
8 no./i8Honrni , n ^ohe MacTan'-uama n Anate Aaama n I©- 
naiiiia mi, hcjikbI', ci, 6A6Hifl uaKu Aolie B8K0MaHi a qaTaxMO 

r.iuiiiii; XXXVIII. Id 



]46 CPHCKE CTA1MIHK 113 BOCHE 

Con rocnoAt n AOHece TOBoe cBfrroe nncaHie n npo^aioxMO 
k<iko S^»ti8eraT> CB» TpoHH8 ft nonoBLCTB.i , h nnmenrB Ha 
TicpacHMa mi> cBjrraro ylsite (?) ^a om> nonaie, a> hki*o He 
On 0B/i,e , 'roro paflH 6m HaiO) B'lwinKa cKpbfo h nocaacMO ft 
ncviyHoiiiTH na ce./ia Tpaatmi Bajwrepa h HeHaxpaamcMO h 
TaKO npiOncMO ohh Aeni. cbbtjih poatAacTBa xpHCTOBa Bt 
B'k/inH/M CKpBOn h Mamr (Sor-B bbcttj , npBB'he 6h cmo 6e3T> 
^eT»prie, AP»ro TiMHKe A«Hie Jiniiinuie ce npimenrreHia cba- 

THXT> TaHH'B H TOdHKe pOOHHI€ H3T> THpCKHXt MaXMa KOHMl> 
Hie MOIHTBHO WHOCTHTT, CeAMHH.8 Ap«r8 ', HOC/l^AH^e HpHAe H 

Ka^nrepi) ft ce^a h cKa3a cmo M8 TBoe nncaHie h TaKO noyfc 
nonoBaTi , n caA'B nonsic , a./in H'txohe Aa ctoh , gaho H'BMoaie 
caMT. n^nfiB 8 M'icTH n./in no ce^x^ a Apsro *i8o e KaKO HMa 
nncaHie ft dapora (naTpnjapxa) Aa Kaasrepn He nonaio , a^in 
ho bcbm-b HeMoate caiii. Toro paAH B/iaAHKO cbhth 6ora paAH 

HpOMHCjlH HaMH H HeApBJEH HaCB 6eST> CBflBITeHHHK'L , OBOMKH 
HapOAt HOCe^HXl) H 8 MBCT8 , iITO A'l HiIHHH GAHHt qe./lOB'BK'B 

h Tan cBaKH AeHB ohe Aa 6eam a mh ra sApbaaBaiio aoob 
npHAeT-L Tje.iOB'EK'B ft ride KaKO ch HaMi> 8 nncaHiio Bi>o6pa- 
3io , h KaKO npHAe ft Tide obo nncaHie no B8K0MaH8 3a no- 
noBt Aa Henoae hh e^nm. , h r raKO AP«rn aghb ho poatAa- 

CTB8 XpHCT0B8 He3HaM' HO *rieM8 CBBBT8 AOBOmB M8 6amnpH 

ft M8ce^iHMa h ftBBAome h ylaaraa h IcoBaHHa (nonoBe) h 
roBopio hm-b MSce-ziHMi) OBaKO : BaMie Bamt B.iaAHKa noc/iao 
KHHra Aa HBHonae-re, am/in 83non86Te Aa Aaie Mode — ^h — 
a bh caA'B HonseTe ; AaHTe tao6u to^ihko KOAswe b^aho 

pBKaO H 8qHHH HXt XaHCB , H OHH H0T8atHHie Ce C8A« H H0- 

Teate hxt> Ha caA'B h hote© hxt. nHTaTi : nonseie/in , pt- 
kohtb, caAa He nonaeMO KaKO Ham e KHHra Aonma ft Bjia- 
AHKe , h HBBepOBanie hhi>, Hero nocia M8.Ma (Myi{)THJa) no 
BapomaHe h uokshh msssp'b toaew jikah Ha MexkeM8 n UHia 

KaAiB HOH8I0 ^1H, H3Ka3aHIB KaKO HeH0H8H) , HaKH KaAifl HHHTa, 

Aa noqeMS cie AOcaA^ nonoBa^H HMaTe^ia TeMecah^ ft B^a- 
AHKe , pBKome hohobh HMaMO n AOH'Bcorae hxi> h HBAaAome 



CPHCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 147 

qaTHT't nonoBOMi) Hero AOB^Aome nona koh ca^ nonne n npo- 
naTa, h TaKO pa3HMT>BniH MiMAa crate^ie Kano 6eceAe, 6y- 
ropnca (oAodpn) a?l hohobh nonHW h a^A^ hmt* xHherB (cio- 
6oaho iracMo) n M»paceji» Aa HenMa hhtko 3a hhxI) npnxBaTHTH 
o5 aBaaHt (cKOTOBa) , h TaKorB chat> pa3HM r BBmn mscb.ihm'l 
nocjia naKH no nonoBi & HApn cBaKOMi) no — if— (80) j\e- 
reHeKa (6aTHHa) naKi> hhcth avm cb xap^oM-B n TaKO caAB 
CToe KaKO ch th noc/iao TBoe nncaHie ; w poatAacTBa xpncTOBa 
HBnpnxoAe hhth npHXHTaio hh 3a nrro, a oho nrro 3anaAa w 
nonoB'cTBa ctoh TaKO no rfc(|)TepH KaKO cm 3anoB'BAno h nn- 
camio h p«K»xT) komh ch pBKao , h obomh KajisrepH Heotine 
CBflTHHJI TH CTaBK) MBpTHra (? !) ; Toro paAH HEXTiaUlt no- 
noBaTi) Hero mh A^aio Tptte xhcb a ABa xncera CToe. 

Aae ito Aa ct'bophmo bah^eko cbath Heniaio komh no- 
thjehti. Hero dorn h cbhthmT) ApxHCTpaTHiwL h TBoen cba- 
thhh. Epopee 6jiajKeHCTBa th npojracjiH o B'ce h 3a Ba ce 
komh Aaemi) Hapiio komh ae BetiBvi'cTBO ; obh rocnoAapT) Moate 

6wm TBOH B'BhH^L'B Ha CHAH, a./lH H^MO^e H HepKBH H 3aK0HH 

HameMi>, a th mh nniuemi) h h nepKBH Aa th e bMxh^'b. 
3ai'o mh HB3HaMO HHHiTa niTOhe 6htt. hoc/ibah, npoMHCjin, a 

do^BUiaTH BT> HMB HapBCTBHI0T r B. IlaKH BjiaAHKO cbhth Huire 

acnpn XacaHi> E^eHAia g> pokh, roBopn, nyr'HHKi) caul h 
IJapnrpaA'B ; Toro paAH npoMHcan, eae heniT> nocaaTi acnpn 
eae KaKO heniT> HynHHTi) , saiDTO H'bKe a<i ^tKa no-Mi poKa; 
Toro paAH ma^erao th OBora qe./ioB'feKa (Shhiuh Hain> sa cb-b 
MBTaHiaTH, npoqeMT> npocTH npocrpaHCTBH h t. a«" 

5. IIhcmo HCTOMe oa 1674. Oetfpyapa 20. 

Hocjie odnqHor yBOAa : ..IIpHAe K r B HaMT. CBHToe th nn- 
caHie n pa3HMexoM'B o BBce KaKO HaMx nnmeniT) a& Hateiio 
mh h^h nona eae Kajinrepa Aa nonnt: oBAe n no ce^nxi> ; toto 
paAH BJiaAHKo cbjith 6eme OBAe obh repacHMT>, a.in n cohb 

H3HA6 , HeXTO HOHOBaTB KaKO HeHOCJia HOHOB'B , TaKO H (OHT. 

Hec'Me Aa hohhr , 6oh ce ft) TnpaiiB Hero oAe h MOHacrnp'L. 



148 CPnCKE CTAPHHE [8 .oCBE 

a 6ex« eniTe OB^e h Ap«rn Ka^iarepn; a^H bjiwwko cbjith 
uiitii iix'i. mh ciieio nocTait.iKVTii hhtii naKH ohh oke Aa doe 
ii it a<i ce npnxBaTe nepKBe , Hero mo.'Ihmo OBora AnecT> a Ap»- 
raro wrpe 're iiaMi. na i ie.ibCTBwro , a naini cmo ce Beh'L ao- 
MO.aH.an n odaeMO TaKO 6e3T> cBamTennKT. h 6e3i npaBHJia n 
mm oBAe n noce./inx'b HapoA^ a <oce.ie HaeTae ^lct'hh nocxt 
KaKO Aa 6«AeM0 b^rahko cbhtii 6e3aKonno 6e3T> K)TpbHi€ Cies^ 
MaccoBT) 6e3 r t Be i iepne 6e3T> jiexsprie , Kmrno de3i> BacaKoro 
Ao6pa , iviaAOMT) AHuieBHiiM'b TaeMbH , (5 pa3Ko;i'Hnx r b aje hhh- 
MHffiaeMH n HKapaeMH; Toro paAH cBewkninH rocnoAHHe npo- 
mhc/ih HacB tfora paAH, hoh'to Haci OBaKO ociaBH. 3Hajio 
Aa cmo th d.m h HenoKopHH KaKO Hasn* n h HHcamio nnraemi), 

a;lH B/iaAHKO CBflTH TH CH HaHlt OTaHT> H HaCTHpi , MH/IOCTHBT) 

6»ah Hail. — A HiTO HaMi. nnnrinrb, Aa Tn nnmeMO Koie 

KpHBT. 0BOM8 H0C.1H, HTO A^ MH peHOMO , CBHTHHJI TH oWme 3Ha 

Ba ea , OAe npiiAenn> aMO , Mopenrb HcnHTaTT> HaacL n BHAeTH 
TKO./iie KpiiBT) TK0./1H npaB'b , a caAt mo/ihmo ce (J^aateHCTBs th 
He ap&aiH HacL ©BaKO 6ora pa^H , nonx/in na,wb nonoBe h 

SnpaBH HaMH , aKO AE CBflTHHflTH HOCiaTH H ©BHJTL' HOnOBOMT) 

Heo nonaio AOK./ie th npnAenrt kt> HaMH a./in th AOKt^ie th 
noHL/ieinT> Apnre, a KaAe npHAenit th aMO bhahth heuo ct 6jia- 

JKeHCTBOMT) TH CBe TK06 6lO HOBHHaH OBOH MB.TBH H dflT'te B0J1IA 

TBoa Taniw Aa Hecron OBaKO n.epBKOB'b tewb npaBn.ia a CTaAO 
6e3T> com , a do.<iMuaTn m> HMe nap'cTB8K)T , B npoMncin h bjih- 
jiocp'ah ce 6ora paAH © tomh , h whhibh HaMt no tomt> ne- 
jOBfa sa CBe A-'i SHaMo; h aKO HHTamT) sa KonpHBiifit Xa- 
caHa E(|)eHAiro , ohomh KaiiaTe np'BAaAO cmo h momcmo ra n 
pe^ie tjeKaTH Aooe th AokeniT) ano, npo i ieM'b npocTH" hta. — 

6. IIhcmo naTpnjapxy cpncKOM ApceHHjy III. 
oa roAHHe 1681. /l, eKeM ^P a 12. 

AOCTO U.iaiKeHHOMS H MHOrHMH BHAH AOt»pOAT»Te./lH HKpa- 

HieHHOMs HptdocBeiHTeHOMS rocnoAHHH h na'rpiapxy Bt cen 
cpbdcnen 3eM./iH h HaMT> aie » tochoah 6o3e ourareMH oth» h 



CPECKB CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 149 

amneM) KHpiw, KHpi» Knpiio Apceniio, (d rocnoAH 6o3e pa-AO- 
Bfmi ce CBerHTe-fibCTBH th Ha MHora .I'tra. Mn iHororptnmn 
pa6n n x ieAH.a tboh hoab TBoeio p8Koro nacT'BUHH cadnpaeMH 
kb xpaiiH CBeTHxi) apxncTpaTHrB M^CTa CapaeBa CBainTemiKT) 
cl oda^HMi) cb6opomb HHorocMtpeHHH i ie,io6nTHo noiuoHeBie 
ivk/noronrre TBoe cBflTHTe.ibCKie pant n ho3B n tbohmh cbgth- 

Te^lbCKBMH MOJlHTBclMH OKp'jLliaeMU otfptTaeMO Ce BB aUIBIIXB 

TemKO n npncKpCmo St Hacuji'cTBHiomTnxb Haiin , h& qTO Aa 
caiBopnib , 6./iaroAapnMB 6ora bb ca npnxoAem r ra j\,hj\bi&m 
eciin TpneTH rpexB pa^H HamnxB. 

Efo CHXB MO./1HMO Ce H MHJH Ce AeeMO qbCTHOMH TH H CBeTO- 

sapnoMH o6pa3» cb CTpaxoMB n Tp'feneTOMi. npncTSnaroniTe 3a 
paAii T ie^OB'LKa Hepa3yMHinxB , koh MeatA» codoio .11060 Koe 
paAH bhhh CBaAe h nonAe kojkao w hhxb kt> CTapieMB 6e3B 
CBeAeie^ia n HecKaaate KaKoe HCTHHa Aa crapn pa3C»AH uo 
npaBOMB c»a« , hb no CBoeuiH xo'remro CKa38e n npnHocn pe i in 
Koe ia3Be CTapiera, Toro pa^H cbsth Orapn, 6ohmo ce Aa 
koh to hhxb nensradn a'o'bih uau HenocTnrne ra KOHaiiB hoab 
ciapiera (?) w^yiieHiesiB , ne on cmo hlmejivl koh 611 ono 
kphbb, Hero Koie npaBB. Cbhth Oniapii, imoro M)ah a&qh 
caAB koh th npnAe 6e3B CBeAeiejib , th Mopenn> pa3C»AHTfl 
doroAapoBaHHMi) th pa3»iomB. II pasumexoMi) CBaTHTeJiBCKoe 
th HHcanie npeatAe noc/mnoe saApBJKaHie iia Htoero MOMKa 
HMeHeaiB Chmo h ateH« mh Hnhiio, 11 citfpacMO npeAB n,epKO- 
Biio Ao6pe Me^oB'BKaa n npHSBacMO umixr. n one iC'ioBta 
koh ch ce THJKHM KB BaMb , ii Tpaam cmo cBaicaKO n Ha 

A^HIS CHHCTII CMO KOHblHiaMa II AP^I'HMB »ie.lOB'BKOMT> H HHKaKO 

odp'li're ce Aa cs 8 ohomt. hoc./lh KaKO ch ohh 0n0BeAa.ur 
CBHTHTe^bCTBS th , h 6eme TorAa npeAB oepKOBiio qe.'ioB'tKa 
a^ (34) n caMHpmnc ce sieiffiAH cotforo c»napiiiiuii . hb TBoe 
mobo ca B./iacTiio gctb, npo'ia npocrn npocTpaHCTBS mobi ii 
yMHoatefiie pe'iean> 11 t. a- — 

K Akw 1681. Aa ce 3na KorA«i npicTaBB ce Mirrpono.inTT. 
6ocbh'ckh XpHCTinliopT> ii npiue uncame (i) cBjrraro naipiapxa 



150 CPHCKE CTAllIHi: 113 BOCHE 

3a MeperL." t. j. CTBapa MHTpono./iHTOBe Koje cy (jtsaq y 
OapajeBy iiito koa Kora , h nocaajia hx je oniuiHHa no nporo- 
nony JoBOHy ii no CaBBB Tep3HJn Aa npeAaAy nai'pujapxy. — 
CaA AOA^q nncMa MH'rponoyiHTy CiocaHCKOM A'ranacHJy, 3a 
Kora BeyiH T. J. Pyijapau,, Aa je duo 23-bii na'rpnjapx noc/ie 
rpica KcijjiHHHKa. OnniTHHa capajeBCKa HMa^a je nocjia y 
ne r r nncaMa ca AiaHacHJeM Kao ca mhtpoho^htom „6oci>HCKnirb a 
h HHrAe ra He HasHBa naTpHJapxoin.. Moa&e 6hth Aa je 6ho 
HeKo Ao6a caio aAMHHHCTpaiop naTpHJapmnje Kao ihto je 
£>ho h Mojcej IleTpoBHh rpii roAHHe , bito he ce bh^th H3 
nncania naTpnjapxy Mojcejy. Bh^o KaKO My Aparo , h Ma Aa 
cy OBa nncMa AOCTa Ayra^Ka , caApataja paAH ja hx h3hochm 
na bhahk , jep je AiaHacHJe Kao mhtpohojiht oocaHCKH Bp^io 
HeqoBJeqHO h cypoBHJe noc-'rynao ca cbojom nacTBOM Hero h 
caMH XpncTHiJiop npeAinacTBeHHK A'raHacHJeB , nrro je Aa^io 
noBOAa ohihthhh HHCMeHO ra TyatHTH naTpnjapxy ApceHHJy. — 

I. ./Li to 1684. (OKTOMdpa 5. 
„A-o-aHaciio nptcBiiTOMS h nptdjiaateHHOMU HaineMi> rocno- 

AHHH H ByiaAHH/t H MHTpOHOJlHTb 6ocaHbCKOM8 MHOra A^T&. 

Mh MHororp r BHiHH pa6n cBHTHie^bCTBa th, koh ce npn6n- 
paMO kt> xpaM» CBeTHXT> apxncTpaTnrb , HbCTHie th h cBeTH- 
Te^iLCKie pan,e h H03e Jio6H3aeMo anrre n rptnran h HeAO- 
ctohhh ecMH. IIochxI) BecrHO 6va,e Te6e mh^octhbh rocnoAHHe 
o HameMi. xhaomI) npedHBamio h HenoBO^HOM'b atHTiio KaKO 
CTpaatAeMO no Bee ahh h x iacH (5 HacH^'cTBHwmTHX'L h He- 
HMaMi> KaMo AeTH ce w 3eMHaro 03^o6^eHia. IlaKH nocTnaie 
hh Apyraa T8ra h paHa A«nie nar«6Haa e ease HeHaAeiaxoMt 
ce noAeTH , a to ecTb npHAe TBoe nncaHie h AHate HaMi> no- 
noBe Koe HMexoM-b, a He nocia AP**re nonoBe, Hero nocaa 
Ha obo KajiarepMe H3 , b Mapajniit (?) 6hbhih A^Te ./i»ao (He- 
nyHOjbeTHo) h HeBiiHTo , naKH h 6ojiecTHO , hhth Moaie nono- 
Bara hh nocia BHAeTH h^h tie no ce./riex'b kau ho mexept 
hjih npaBn./io nepKOBHO AptacaTH, h He3HaM0 rAee, Kpie ce 



CPHCKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE 151 

(5 i iHB^iia rocnoACKHxi, koh ra 30bh hr ce/ia Ha BeHqantre, 
Toro paAH ctoh nepKOBi) 3aTBopeHa kmhko b peine dwh hh- 
mTa, he K)TpeHi€ hh ^eisptiie hh Beiepnie, khhho hh gah- 
Horo AO^pa, MaAeii> AanieBHnMT> HCTaiaeMi) Taniio npHAeMO 
npeA^ ijepKOBt n oaqesio kt> 6or» Aa npirepeTi Ha HacB 
xh^hxT) n Ha T8rs Hamy , (5 bcha** CTBataeMnxt , w arapenL 
noHHpaeMHXi) a & pa3K0./ibHHXT> e3HK, 'BHHraataeMHXi) r./iaro- 
^romTHxi) cl HaMH, Eor^a 6ejie ecie bT) nepKBH n.in Ha Ae- 
TsptiH, hjih 3a Koe 6e3aKonie khhho b'ch SjisqeHn ecie 
(5 n;epKBn n HeniaaTe hohobT) (!!!). Mh aie x rro nMaarb 
©BeraTaTH 6ora paAH. Ako th ch ihto hohobh kphbh Te hhxi> 
Kapami) n (DcyatAHenn) , ho i ito Tie HapoA'b xpncTiaHCKH KpHBt 
To^HKe A«nie « MecTH n nocejiHxi) noMnpaio 6e3 3aitOHa, obh 
HenpHqemTeHH cbhthxi. Tanm. , obh ate HeBeH^aHH 3aK0HH0 obh 
ate HeKptniTeHH MMAeHHH noaiHpHT'b Cie3'3aKOHHO , HeBeMH hto 
npeatAe cKasain hjih nncaTH , Taiiio Aa »3pnTi) BceBHAeniTee 
oko beA» ciio h HeAO^iiodie TBoe h HenoKoptme Hame h na- 
cthp'c'tbo TBoe HMt ate npH3HpaeniH Ha craAO TBoe cie. IIh- 
memT) HaMT) 6»AHTe j\okag bh nomjieM'L nona , h Ao6pe Maro- 
jiemH Aa xohemi> noc./iaT'L , a.AH KorAa aa npHAen. non^ xa, 
mh 3ApaBH fl,a, qeoMO nona: a.an CSojiemTH HeiioateT'b MeKaTT> 
Hnate OTpo^ieia HeKpmiTeHa Hnate HOBo6pa*iHH, obih oaob«at> 
obh ate cl AP»re crpaHH no AaHi> xoAa HA^ieKO , 1 ito a& 
h^ihhh obo Kajisrep^ie x«ao h 6oaqq,teo, a th nonoBa AP»rie 
HeKfimr. a* noiiMeni'L , He3HaM0 Meco paAH 6eAa cia Ha Hacb. 
Komh Aa ce T«atHMO Bete KaKOBHJin Haci> 3aK0H8 nocn./iaemH 
a wpeBaeniH Hacb (5 3aK0Ha xpncroBa h HenocHjiaemn Haan> 
nacTHpoB'L. Harai) Aoopn nacrnpy h HMHieyiio, npoimc/in HaMH 
tiora paAH , eote6o cmo TeaecHO (5 6eAa Mme h ckp'6h naitn 

THaHI€M r b H 3aK0H0MT>, HCBeMH HTO CbTBOpHTH , npO^ieMT) ffpOCTB 
npOCTpaHCTBU" H T. A- 

IIpiiMJeACa. IIpii oBaKO iieMapAiiBiiM, cnopo CecaBJecmiM n 
KopiicTOTbyCmiM nacTiipiiMa npaBOC/uiBiior iiapoAa, Huje iyAO, Aa je y 
CocancKOM uapoAy piiMCKa npouaraHAa Ham.ia Tano odi.iaTO no^e, 



152 CrnCEE CTAPUHE H3 BOI III. 

iuto ce Moate mhcjihth Aa je Gu.io n npuje n noc.ie oBor ,\oGa, n 
caiuii je npoMHCao oojkjii oApiuao n ouo npaBoc^iaBuor napoAa y Bjepii 
cbojhx iipal^eAOBa. — IIo tomc, iuto je 3a OHAa caMo jeAan cBeniTe- 
uiik — 3a uenojhy — CBpwaBao oGpeAe npaBoc.iaBiniM xpiimhainiMa 
capajeBCKUM ii oko.uiiim, fye Aanac AeceTopima UMaAy npocxpaiio ua- 
poxHJe, Moace ce mhc.ihtii, Aa je Bp.io imoro namer iiapoAa iijmimii.io 
puMCRy Bjepy, ii Aominje cy 0Ba MJecTa nacciuyie MHore nopoAime 
ri3 XepneroBime, Te oa CTOTime neiua AeceTa qecT Aa cy cTapocje- 
Aiiouii Hero iiacckcuii XepneroBiui, rcao iuto cy ii y canon CapajeBy 
iiajCoramje nopoAUue us XepueroBiine, ocmi Becapa, kojii npBo no- 
peK^io BOAe ii3 JIpinpeHa a aouhiijc 113 OcaTa. — 

BecaBJecim wirrpono^iiT ATaHaciije, yiijecTO Aa Kao Aoopn iia- 
ctiip 3a;ioBoybii iipaBeAHy JKejby HapoAa n CyAHii nacTiip paAyje ce 
nocTojaiicTBy y Bjepii TaKo xpucTo^tyCuBor napoAa, kojii je OEpyateH 
ca MHoniM „6eAaBia", oh Ha nponiB nocda OAroBop join ctpoHlIijii ii 
orop i iemiju, kojii je KaAap 6no ii3a3Baxn imore pfyaBe iiocfceAime 3a 
HpKBy. H>eroB nociamiK — CTeijiaii — Miipjamm, AOHece ywjecTO 
yTJexe ii paAocTii — Tyry ii aia.iocT ! Ha caiiu npa3HUK B.iaroBe- 
mTeHiija y upKBn Ha jyTpefbii npeA eBaH^e/bew npBUM, npo i niTa .,w.ih- 
*mTe./iHoe nucMo" nacTupeHaqe-iHiiKa, tc ce Tora qaca npeKiiAe mo- 
auTBa sa xaTap kyAAHBocTii n caaioBOJbCTBa, Koje ,,u,uje.m HapoA 
OA-ayiyje oa HpKBe!" Obo te ce BiifyeTii 113 cfoeAyjyter nucna 
oniHTimcKor uctom MUTpono.iuTy. 

7. JUto 1686. Maia 24. 

Hocae otfnqHor yBo^a: „IIo chxt> b^cto 6hah Te6e *u>cthh: 
rocnoAHHe h nacmpa Hann» KaKO npn^e kt> uawb TBoe nuca- 
Hie ci> oMaqemeMi) Ha npa3HHKi ftjiaiwEiHTeHia npecBeie 6o- 
ropoAHue Ha axpeeio npeAi> eBaHrejiie, n Tauo npectKOCMO 
npaBHyio h oda cmo n de3i> npaBiua h 6e3T> ./ieT8pnie h 
de3T) npHqeniTeHia h pasHMexoMi, Bi.ca oupajneHHa ; Toro paan 
BJiaAHKO CBeTH 6ora pa^n hito Hani. nBinemT> 3a Kajrarepe 
6nTaH're, 3aio He3HaMO Koie 6HTaaHra; OB^e ca^t HMaa Mo- 
paMaHHHT) 6ahhi> h reoprieBimb cTOJinoBa gahhi. , n aohojih 
c» oCiaABa nucame ca CBeiaro naxpiapxa , a mh KaKO Aa He- 
npnMHMO x iejiOBiKe ci> naipiapxoBirai nncaHieni» ho^ito cmo 
mxt> TaKO h AOcaAe npnna./in h Hiecs mhtpobo/ihth hh i ito 3a 



CPnCKE CTAPHHE H3 EOCHE 153 

to 6eceAH.in, a <Bce.ae Hehemo BJiaAHKo CBeTH rko he h na- 
TpiapxoBO nncame AOHera , 6e3T> TBoero nncama HeKejio npn- 
Mani HHKoro. IeniTe nmaa eAnHT> Eajrarept H3x iKniOMnCvinhx 
Aouiao npeAt nocrt Bemo xofce BOBaTH c»AOBe 3a HOHacrnpa a 
Hie Ha iihti. Aomaco , TaKO HaMi> e Ka3ao. H HMa KayiaHepne 
h3t> MapatflL'b aoxoah h nepKBH, hae hhth nua npocn hhth 
mh ko hito Aae ; roBopn AOxoAio caMi> ao wu,a Ha ce^io nann 
J18 ntiH AOMa no Be^HKH AHe, h ctoh h TapcKoft MaxaM (?), 
Be^ AP«ro He3Hauio. A hito Han> nnmenn) 3a HeKoero B'.il- 
XBa , *ito mh a^ TBopimo B^aAHKo CBATH , 8 nepKBy HeAOXOAH 
hhth ra 3Haiao 601% BecTT> , Hero 18.M cmo Aa xoah ho He- 
khx K8haxT> no m^cts; OAT) CKopa cmo H».in npeAT> caian npn- 
xoai» TBoero Cie^aHa , hae hto Aa ms tko h i ihhh. Eto e n 
CTe^aHT) H»o Aa xoah , h oho c» kphbh ohh koh ra npnxBa- 
Taio , a He Bacb HapoAt ; Toro BJiaAHKo cBeTH 3a hmt, 6o&ie 
hohto cie ctboph S^HHeHie koh an ho aKO ch kphbh ohh 
He^OB^HH koh ch ra npnxBaTH^H n h aomt> npH3HBa^n , Aa hito 

CH KpHBH OCTa./lH HapOAT) KOH ra Hie HH HHO HH BHAiO \ HaKH 

caAt ocTae de3T> npHqeniTeHia cBeraxi) TanHi> h 6e3T> npa- 
BHjia »0Be CTpamHencBflTe ahh; 6hah Aa cmo cbh kphbh 
h HenoKopHH, Aa nrro ch KpnBa Aena Aa ce HeKpbCTe h 
HMepbinn He (onow; no<rro fih/iHyHemT) cBemTeHHKe Aa HenMe- 

lOTT) BH1TO CBeHITeHO HaMT) BHAeTH. Hb ByiaAHKO CBeTH dora 

paAH HMH^ocepAH ce m hoib^h HaMT> AP^roe nncame npeAt 
(Dbh CBT.T./1H A^Hb h He w./iH i iaii HacL cseTHX Tanin> TaKO TH 
CTpaniBHx c/rpacTH XpncTOBHX r b a Mopenrb n nocjieAT) H3BH- 
AeTH cBe tko e kphbt> tko ah npaBb TaKO h noKapafi , tbob 
e ciobo ci. BJiaciiio BJiaAHKo cBera , mh 6e3T> CTapiera HeMO- 
aieMo £>hth hh otbh bh m'p'tbh , hhth Mn HMesio cinpoTHBa 
cjiOBa kt> cTapieHK, Hero Hacb e CMCia deAa n HHSAa n waai 
n TeatKfl AaHU,H h HeBo^it;, n nc3HaM0 K8A«i xoahmo a BaMO 
ah Aa ce <ito ceTHMO ito e (5 no r rpe6e n uto (jh uo.ii.me 
h HbCTHie 6h.io. Hb npocTH B/iaAHKO caeTH dora pa^n n nMeiia 
apxiepeilcKaro paAH, A0rHii ci eui »b» C888 x OBe ahh 



154 CPHCEB CTAPIIHE 113 BOCHE 

3a hmt. doarie , norntie HapoAi XTHcriaHCKH 8 obo aotfa , koh 
hhth 3Ha iuto e crapin hh *rro e oeTBa. Bora paAH nom.in 
no tomt> i ie;iOB'LK8 nncaHie d^iarocJioBeHo, a no bImkb AHe 
Mopem'L Kapaxi. Kora e ie6n Aparo , crapin ch n x6w h omh- 
axR; Toro paAH majieaio 'roro 'ie.ziOBT.Ka ki> cbathhh th a& 
He 6 a tin aMO Hapo&AT. desbHMHH no i iapmn n no coKanHXT), 
KaKO n BHine peKOdo Hie «ao6ho , Hero MT/rama th nom^n 
HaMT) nncaHie wpeinHTe./i'Hoe : — n cBa'rie th mo^htbh ci> nain 

rp'tniHHJIH, aMHH'L." — 

JIpiiMJeA^a. Kora ue6u jom Tpony^o OBaKO iiohd:3HO nucno, 
nyHo Jby6am, DcupeHOCTii h no6o3KHOCTH ? Caino je MUTpono.inT Aia- 
Hacuje KaneHa cpua u ynopHor joryiicTBa. IIoiuto He Moate ho6utu 
pa3yiore, pa3penm oa KOHaiHor ^TJiyqeHnja" HapoA n KMeTOBe n,p- 
KBeHe; ayiu OBe noc.ieA&e caiio aok npo^e BOCKpeceHHJe, nan OAMax 
3a thm Aa ce otfyKy oneT y proy noKaJHuiKy, jep Tpe6a Aa ce 
oapjku ayKTopiiTeT AecnoTa AiaHacuje ! — 36or xora My onmTima 
1686. roA- Anpiwa 9. OAroBopn AOCTa n CBjecHo u ouiTpo OBaKO: 

8. A-e-aHaciio npecBaTOMS n nped-ziaateHHOMH n 

npefi)CBaniTeHH0M8 Hameis rocnoAHHH n 

MHTpono^iHTS MHora iiiTa. 

„Mn MHororptmHn chhobh nepKBe capaeBCKie nLCTntn th 
pant n Host yio6H3aeMO. Eocnxi. BicTHO 6vfl,K Te6e B^aAHKO 
cbhth KaKO npHAe Kt HaMi. TBoe topeniHTe^'Hoe nncaHie ao 
BacKpLcema xpncTOBa, MHoro th Akm ByiaAHKO cbath. IlaKH 
no BacKptcemro Aa cmo noBHHn Kyi'ETBe np'Bon mh KpoMe Ha- 
poAa, Toro paAH BJiaAHKO cbath mh gcmo noBHHn n dory n Tede 
noHejKe rpinmn gcmh. Hl 3a TaKO taiqeHie He Bern ho^ito. %o 
HaMi) nnmemi. 8 np'BOMT> nHcamio n HapnHaemn Hact caHMH- 
neio (?) jiyKaBoio n npl/nodoAenBoio eate xBajinMo ce G) othh 
cnHa ate WBeprme ce ByiaAHKO cbjith, BO./mHt ecn tbophth h 
Maro.iaTH erne xomTemn, hb HaMi> ce mhhtt> mih noK^aHReMt 
ce n oth8 n chh8 n CBATOMH A«x«. IlaKH 3Haio CTapiera cl- 
TBopmaro hh h cBflTaro naipiapxa, n cbathhio th, h tbo- 



CP1ICKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE 155 

pnMO th noKopeme h *iacTb KOyinKO cmo Ba3MOJKHH ao uBoro 
jiiTa. A c5 OBoro Jita cbathhh th He npnAe kt» HaMT> no- 
Heate bhahhih h cahiiihiiih KaKaBT> bctb TMfl.'b TesKn n ue/i,a 
h TeaiKH AaHun; K8,a,e Aa ce AeHeuo a> zeAEie cKpb6n. A 
hto Han't nnmenrB 3a OHoro B'^BXBa Aa cmo ce 3a hhmb oopa- 
th./ih RKoaie ap^bhh eBpin o Te./in,e RA8niTeMT> TpaB«; BJia- 

AHKO CBflTH , MiH B'tpbeMO TT>/in8 He6eCHOMH H 3J,HBOTBOp , bmTeM8 

«\Koate h BHrae pexoMi> , a ko ce 3a hhmt> (t. j. 3a Bpana- 
posi) odpario , ct> HHMt h nar8(>8 HacaeAio : a nncajin cmo th 
h 8 np'BOMT> HHcaHiio keko 3a B'jibXBa He3Hano Hero CMO CKopo 
H8.1H Aa AOxoah OBor^a no mbcts oBoraa no ce.iHXT. , hto 

Aa MH CLTBOpHMO Kt^eCMO MH CAEm&AH Ma^lO HOC.ieA'b H TH 

ch canniao, a 8 Tede napeBT. eMapi h 6epaTT) n naTpiap- 
xoBa cHHre^iia th Mopeinx TpaaiHT'b a mh HecMieMO hhkomh 
hh pe^n pehT) OKopHe , a TBoe esapxe xo/pjie c» no ce^nxTb 
to ch ohh 6oAhme pa38Me./in , a mh hito 3HaM0 mTO ce r^e 
hhhh , h HHHieniT) HaMi> 8 noc.ieAHeM'b HHcamio , tko bh peqe 
nepKB8 3aApbataBaTH h npaBH^io npicenaTH h 3aT0 BJiaAHKO 
Ahbhmo ce TaKOM« wbt»t8 noHeate nHmeniT) 8 nptBOM8 nnca- 
Hiro Aa cmo foAwienu w nepKBe n saKOHa Ha A^opx n K8- 
Henit tko ne HaMt nonoBaTH h^ih 8 nepKBH h^ih 8 AOMOBexi> 

A¥)6o KOH 3aKOHT> CbBpiHHT'b A^ 6CTT. CBe3aH'L BT>CH BT.KT) H 
68A8DITH TO 6CTT) BCeM8 HapOA8 KOH C6 npirfupa KT> D,epKBH, 

a caAi) nHnienit no cBoeM8 xoTemio — bh tohhtc h 3aTB0- 
pa r re nepKOBT>; bhah ba&atiko, h./ih th 3aTBopaun. n.in mh, 
h HHineniT) noTan'raBa're b'c8 i ibctb apxiepeucKHio hoa'b Hore 
h 8Ma^8M0 th ; boarrI) ecn MarojiaTH eate xouiTemn , Hb Min 
3HaMO Bacb 3a crapie KaKO h bctg , BJiaAHKO cbath , a He- 

3HaMO niTO CMO TH BMaJUMH , HeKa 6on> BHAH a H CBUTIIHll 

th 3Ha hito Min i jhhhmo no cBoeM8 xo'reHiio , a eate rjuiro- 
jieniH 3a npopoKa E36kh./ih , Ao6pi r./iaro./ieran BJiaAnKo cbhtii. 
Tin CTpaaii, h nacrHp^ aomoxi> Bf.piiiix'i. h anocrojicKaro 
nptcToyia HaMbCTHHRT) , a BAacTb th bi> p«nl, Tcpaii B.n.Ka 
c5 cia^a CBoero. Min hxi> HenoKpHBaMo hhth ce 3a hhx'b mo- 



Kid CPIICKE CTAPIIHE 03 BOCHB 

jihmo hhth hxi h AOMb npHMaaio , a tko iix'i. iipHiia iieita ce 
h jrhmi i! nciioirbAHe n npHAe Bb 'isbctbo. 

Toro pa^H mojIiimo ce h mh;ih ce a^omo CBflTHTe^bCTBU tii 

€i)B*l',p3H T8I0 K\3B8 IOJKe Ha HclCL H HMII.'lOCepAU Ce UpOCTH 

iiim'i, n (taaroc-ADBi (5ora paAn, mh cmo tq6q no Bbce iacn 
KpHBii , a^n th en HOKapao , THiite ii iioiiiLi'dii ii iipt,3pn ne- 
Aom-l c r brp'l,ineHia iixb , a raKoaie (OTCHb ^eAO Jiio6nTb , no- 
AaiBT r Jb nain. p«K» homoihth h npocrn hh 6ora pa^n. ILikh 

B^iaAHKO CBHTH B^CTO TH 6»AH > HaiUe CBflfflTeHHKe nocaame 

S cBjiTiiHe th HpoTonona Han, e floo'ap'b u mh 3a Hero He- 
CMH AOCTOHHH ; HL HOHb Htfpo HeKaKO Ha crpaHH ApJK0 H no- 

HOCH HO S3HK8 H H,epKOBb H KAHCape, Te K6M0 H0rHH8Tb tio- 
HMO Ce H H3r8(jHTl he H HepKOBb H HaCb , HeB6MH TTO M8 

dncTb (5 cKopo ; Toro pa#H co38eM0 th , a tiojibinaTH bt> 

8MT> UapCTB8H)TT) , HpOHe HpOCTH" H T. A- 

9. Ehcho naTpHjapxy cpncKOM ApceHHJy oa 
roAHHe 1686. OKTotfpa 4. 

„ApceHiio npecBeTenmeMb h npedMJKeHenmeMb HameM8 

T0CH0AHH8 H BAaAHU/B , OTHeMT, 0TH8 H MTpiapXS CpbdCKOMH 

MHora ^'BTa.'* 

Mh MHororp-BrnHH neAHa h pa6n cBiflTHTcabCTBa th w&e vb 
dnpaeMb ce in> xpaaia cb: apxncTpaTnrb Bb irkTe CapaeBe 
MHoro Bb ci'fepeHH BiiiaHie h ne./io£>HTHo noKJiOHGHie TBopnaio 
Ao ^Hna 3ejwH qbCTHo M8 th n doronpocBtuiTeHHOMH o6pa38 
h HbCTHtn th pbHT, h H03e jio6H3aeMO ca cTpaxoMi) hmht, npn- 
EacaioniTe ce HeAocTOHHH. Ho chxt. bt,cto 68ah BaMb mhjio- 
cthbh h npeocBHHiTeHHH rocnoAHHe , KaKO upHAe Kb HaMb, 

HOC/MHHKb CBJITHTeibCTBa TH HptAW HaMb CB I TBOe 8TT>fflH- 

Te^ibHoe Bb hcthh8 h nacTHpoHa i ia,/i'Hoe cojiiw cb : Atfxa pa- 
CTBopeHHoe h no8 i iHTe./ibHoe HHcaHie , o HeM'aie Bl/ibMH d^iaro- 
AapHX0MT> h Ba3paAOBaxoM ce, inMemTe ce ct> n^aneMi, bi 
ceniTeApoMa don* h BJiaABH'E xpncTU Aa CLxpaHHTt cbhth- 

Te^lbCTBO TH Bb MHpT. IMBOOH/B 6ffie AOdp'E 88aCTH CTaAO CBOe 



OPnCKE CTAI'IIHE 113 BOCHE 157 

tforoHi) Bbp»neHoe in k\ko ate n cBBAeie.flbCTByiOT'b tbos 60- 
roin> npe^aHHa nacTHpcitaa Hiema. IlaKH anne Banpamaenin 
^oroait nonaTeHHa n npocBflniTeHHaa iviaBo. ese o Hanieirt 
x«aom1) i npncKpbdHO wktw bx HHHianmee Bptaie noc/ieA- 
Hee rocnoA'B 6on> B'k'i-b Hate bt> ca bLah , HeB'bm mo n 

npe^e CKasaTH EAE B-bCHOMBHaTH CBflTHTe./lBCTBH TH , CKpLuH 

h 6kj\n h hhjkah ^H)Tie nate 6bxh aocL/ih Ka-TaAHtBHO, 
HBHia ate KaianacoBHie dnnie AeHb w ah'bbh leatqanmin. 

HeB'tMH niO CLTBOpHTB H.1H KaiO AeHtfTH C6 to dOAElQ 61m 
EAE KT> K0M8 HpHdirHHTH TOKMO Ki Bb> CaBHAeniTOMU B Bpt- 

AHBbHeB n npiiHCTGH Toro Maiepn odpa3'd HMTdiuxe Aa 
HQiTeApnTT) hh iaKoate n »qHTi aaci) CBaTHTe./iBCKoe TBoe hh- 
caBie. Hb bbcto tb 6xa,e Aodpn Hain't nacrnpy KaKOBaro 

BptMeBH AOCB'lljlH 6CMB , Bt HCTHHH HeCieeMl) HH KT> B,epKBH 

npHTH , Bt Heate Tp'lda gctl hb tbophm'b Bptiie Bb HerAa 

BT)3MOaiHO 6CTB , H TaKO AeHb (0 A'^BH Hp'fenpOBOAHMl) . aoh- 

Aeate npoMHC.'iHT'b HeAp'tsiaHHoe oko no^b3Ha Haia. IlaKH 
HMaMH Mncab ijepoe, Heiioero dtca TdpnnHa n rddn aaMt 
necre Ha BcaKO yiiio Kpo3i> u,epKB« nsietie HBTHpe n 3.10 n 
wo a& cbTBOpHii) , dori> mhjiocthbi. a cbath apxncTpa'rnrx 

Tp^HH H HeK6 , C./lHIHHM'b '£0 H HO BT)C8A« HHHiaiHHia He V^J&b 

cKasaeMa BptMeHa TeatKaa , h ifom HT'Bniaei'ce , noHeate hbctb 
Haaii, caMHMt Hb no Bi>ce^6HHeH Be^HKHMi) n Ma.iHM Hb mo Aa 
peneMt, (MaroAapHM'b dora Bwewb f ajibjkhh bcmh B&ca Ha- 
xoAeniTa TpBnta rpixt pa^H Haninx'b Ha no,ii.3« a He 

BariUTe TpbH'BTH CBflTHMH TBOHMH H CBiHTHTe.lCKHMH MO.lHTBaMH. 

H einie MO./1HM0 ce h mh^h ce Aeeaio ^bcthomu th u.iaajenVrBtf 
Aa Hait nouib^eun> c/idatdd CBiaxoMS ApceHiio cpi-d- 

CKOMH, HO H6iKG He HMaMH » B,epKBH a iKe;lHMO hmbth . Bain. 

sue BB3M0JKHO eCTB noc/iam anne 6.iaroBO./iH're n am-re hobb- 
^HTe kom» HHcaiH amie HeHJiaa, totobo Hena «ninne na kojio 
MoyiHTBbUHiiKo , noHKjKe HMaMH biHie HeKe cjiaatue na Ma. le 
ko^o Aa cacTaBHMO. H npocrn npeocBamTeimn rocnoAHHe sa 
AOcaatAeHie pa6n cbohxi. dora paAn n ne 3a(i»An nan. cbhtjbmh 



158 CiTICliE CTAPHHB H3 BOCHE 

TH HOHWre./lI>HHM r L nHC.UlieM'L. H IlOCJiaXl) CMO TH 3J\&'Y]A]\'b 

AeceTt. IIpHMH 3a CBflToe th C/iarocflOBenie n npocrn Haci> 
Cora paAH. IIpo i ieM7> npocrn npocTpancTB» caowl" h t. a. 

10. IIhcmo A-o-aHaciio mhtpoho;ihth GocaHCKOMi 
oji, roAHHe 1688. Maja 15. 

Hoc/ie ooVme THiyjie n yBOAa: „IIocnx B'tcro 6hah xe6i 
MH./10CTHBH rocnoAHHe KaKO npnAe ki> Haan, cb: TBoe nncame 
n Be^ibra BLspaAOBaxoM'ce o BaraeMij Ao6poMT> MBOTe n 
3ApaBH h cb6ct'hh B-aaAHiecTBaiH , h pa3KMexoMi> Bao6paateHa 
KaKO naKH nnmenn) Ha nona "RspH Aa nonne KaKO n AOcaAfc 
h Aa Hete AP«ra h noMonrrHHKa. 3a r ro HaMT> noni> Tlspo pe*ie, 
KaKO e CTapn 3anoBT>Ano noc/iHinaKeMO , h nHTa cmo ra no 
TBoeMT> nncaHiio tto mh Aocaknio oncape, nero He Mora 
craii\Tn HanBeni) w KomneAHHKT,C?) cBaKH A6Hb xaxJianmH 
Me (oovieie , y3HeMnpyjy, Aocaljyjy, noHoce) He cMieMi. hhkhat> 
noli!, no mt>cth KHAe Me tko 30Be , a mh BekT> He 3HaMO koh 
ce to TBatio BameMT> cBflTHTe^BCTBs. IlaKH ba&aero cb : npnAe 
enrre n AP«ro nncame TBoe Ha obh 6a6n Enpa^iro (MOHaxnay) 
n bhahmo KaKO en ce Ha hio »R3Bio nopaAH 0Be K8he hohto 
e Aa^a nepKBH 3a atHBOT-a ; Toro paAn B^aAHKO cb : npocTH 
6ora paAH , OBaa 6a6a 3a to th me KpnBa hhtI e OHa 3Ha;ia 
KaAa cmo mh nnca^n KHHrn B^iaAHKH Jobh (oBaj je 6no He- 
KaAa non n E^HMep capajeBCKe npKBe , a AonHnje paniKH 
BJiaAHKa), hhth cmo 3aio He HHTa^iH , no i iTO e OHa Aa.ia obh 
khKh noAi. nepKOBT) HMa neTi> roAHHa n Aa^a xnneTe cBe n 
TeMecshe npeAt .flioAMa Aa He HMa OHa n./iaKe (yuemKa). 
IlaKH mh HcniTo npeivieAawiib TeMecnke nepKOBHe hito wmTa 
HaJiO cmo KaKO ctoh n AaHaci> K8ha Ha BJiaAHKn JoBaHH , a 
OHa HenMa n^iaKe , Toro paAH npoMncin cmo nocieAaKt h wao- 
BT>Ka HMaio A'tna nocie-AH Hero a^ HenpiwHH 3a khhh, mim 
heMO ce mh 6paHHTH He 6hbhih KaKO e B/iaAHKa npoAaco 
noTro e xHne r n> H^ramo Ha cede , naKH He a&o acnpn a ©cTao 
XHneTT) Ha bgmh , a mho en hcth AaBHO , KaKO e Aa-^a 6a6a 



CPDCKE CTAPnHE 113 BOCHE 159 

nepon K»ti», a h dada xi e KaanBa^a. A B^aAHGO cbsth 
6ora pa^n *rro e n,epKOBHO ©bo e n TBoe (!) n mh cmo tboh 
h B,epKOBt tboh n uepKOBHO TBoe (!) a eBO e KHha cBa H8- 
pHKi) (noKBapeaa) h Kan^e, Hero mhc/ihmo at.tocb rpaAnrt 
aKO oh dort Aao Bpiie Mnpeo , KaAe npnAeTi> cbhthhh th Aa 
HManiT) tag npHTH h hoct-ahth KaKO a cBoen Keyin a tboh h 
ecTb. 3a to HaMT> to npocTH cBeT.i'bnfflH rocnoAHHe, a Aa OHa 
h Hie Aa.ia, mh £>h cmo ce «3Aa.iH » cBaTHHio th Aa 6n th 
6i(o xoAaTan Aa obo AaAe 3a jEHBO'ra , 6hbhih KHha noKpafi 
HepKBe Aa He nocfeAe 3ao ^e^0BT»KT> h Kp i iiaa , a 3Hamo Aa 6n 

MOraO TH H3eTH H HO CLM'pTH H6 , aJlH BT. HCTHHH CT. Be^HKHMT) 

xapqeMi) koat> caAaHera Tei|)TeAapa , Toro paAH MHHTt aaait 
ce Hie 3^a H^HHH^ia wo e 3a jKHBOTa Aaa^ia uepKBH , a npo- 

MHCflH H TH *JBCTHH TOCHOAHHe , dO-ltmaTH BT> HMT> HapCTBBlOT'B, 

Hero mo^hmo ce h mh^h ce Aeemo cBaTHHa th , nonia./iH 6^aro- 
cjioBeHO nncaaie n npocTH 6ora paAH. M Tano noHAe hoh-l 
h»po h He Ka3a HaMt , h raajieiao th ca(|>»Ha 4 oKe npnam 
3a (Maroc/ioBeHie. Epo i ieM'B npocTH npocrpaHCTBH" h t. a- 

3a obhm cjLeAyje h neTO hhcmo ncroMe MHTpono.iHTy oa 
1688. JyyiHja 4. y Koaie ce asajie hito cy xpnmhaeH no Apy- 
thm MjecTHMa c tg cTpaHe jmoro mhphhjh Hero capajeBCKH ca 
okomhom. /l,ajLe My jaB.?bajy, Aa oho Kajiyfyepne HeKe Bnnie 
Aa ctojh ? h Tpaaie oa MHTpono^H'ra Aa hx jeAHOM CMnpn c 
Te CTpaHe , n Tyrae ce Ha nona "Bypy, kojh reK hito je oho 
8 A^Ha Met^y H>HMa h OAMax ce Bpa-rno H>eMy (MHTponoMTy), 
h He Aa ce itnMa jaBHO KaA je nomao. — 

11. Ehcmo naxpnjapxy ApceHHJy III. oa 
roAHHe 1688. CenTeMdpa 20. 

„ApceHiK) Hp'liCBflTOMB n Hp'tdyiaJKeHHOMT. h npiocBiim'reH- 
homt. rocnoAHHS h BJiaAHH'b , OTHeMt othh n narpiapxH C i » 1 . - 

CK0M8 H HpO l IHMI) MHOra Jl'liTa.'" 

„MH MHOrOrplilHHH H X«AH naie BT> CGXT) iKllISHlimiX'L Ha 

3eMyiH Hapiiuaeiiu pa6n n weAna CBHTHTe;iLCTBa HapoAa xpn- 



160 CPHCKB CTAPHHB 113 BOCHE 

dkHCKaro ./iiOAie M'brra CapaeBa n oKOyinnx'b cqa'l bt>ch kk- 
hho B'kiHKH ate h mam nate cbdnpaeia'ce k'l xpasia cb. Apxn- 
crpaTunj , cMt.peno h hhcko noooHfinie TBopnMi) h nAmem,RQ 
nncaeie nocH-/iaeM'b 6oronpocB'tiuTBHHOM» odpasa cBjrraro th 
3paita , pasyMeB'mn 6hbi>ihhio CKpt(ta h 03.io6.ieHie CBHTen h 
Be./iHi],eH ljepKBH Ma-repn Btcesi'L uepKBairB cpbdcKnarb ; ') Toro 
pa^n HMeeMo He mbjib cKpbo'b h nbiajiB cpbAe i iH»io ; hb ito 
Aa CBTBOpHMT. , 6\/iaroAapHM'B BbcemTeAparo BJiaAHKH Xpncia 

O BLCeMl, H MOJIHMI. 6TO HpH./1'EatHO , Aa Aap«eT^ CBflTHTe.lB- 
CTBH TH MHOrO./1'liTHO HpaBHTH np'LCTfiWb B-iaAH^BCTBia TH. 

Ckpb6h ate o3^o6./ieBie b'bhbhh oatHAaH)TT> hbt./it>h'hh Tamo 

CBflTHTe^LCTBS TH. Ho CHXT> B^CTO TBOpHMT, Te6t HptOCBfl- 
HITeH'HH rOCHOAHHe H HameMT) XHAWMTj npHCKpBdHOMT) H 

ne i ia^tHOMi» atHTiio no bt> ce *iacn 6tA0 n HeBoyie h Teatun 
AaH'HH n CTpaxoBH ca Bcex"L cipaHt eAHHT. (fort b4ctb ; hb 
n ciio ne x ia./ib B03./iaraeM'B Ha dora, noHtate h'bct'b HaurB ca- 
mhm hb Aa pe i ieMTj Bbcen Bbce^eHHeii, n t'bmh BTemaeaiB ce; 

HB HMeeMO MH rp'EIHHH OC06bH« CKpb6l> H ntoylB H H^a% He- 

8TT»raHMH , noH'tate CTpaatAeMT> h miaqejrb HCTjrEBaeaiH MaAeMi 
AsmeB'HHM'B HeHMsniTe npocBaiHTeHia npaBH./fHaro hh cBaniTe- 

HHKTb, noq'TO KOH 6'RXH HOHOBH AOCaAT> HOHAOHie Kb AOMOMt 
CBOHMT) BBCH , MH ate HOCHJiaXOBrB H ABaa HHCaHia H TC^OB'EKe 

K'L HaraeMT. cBeT.i'BHnieM'b mhtpohcvihtk Aa nom./ie Haii'L cbs- 
mTeHHKe h He finnca HaMT> hh eAHor nncama , hb h emie 
niTO HaMi. dime noc/ia Ha hst'b Ka^iHre.pe H3T> BaHe (MOHa- 
CTHpa) , h no Hie nopsnn Aa HAe » MOHacTHpi) n (5nAe , a 
(oh-b Henocaa nonoBi> , h TaKo ctoh n,ep'KOBB de3T> npaBH^a 

H TOylHKH HapOAT) XpHdiaHCKH , HH HTpBHfi HH ^eTSprie HH 

Be^epne , khhho 6e3T> Bacaicoro Aodpa , h TaKo (5 ashb AeHa 
M^aAeHHH HeKpbiuTeHH Aa noMHp»Tt , do^emTH ate 6^% npn- 
qemTema , HOBo6pa*ibHH ate o^t BeHiaHia , Tptdn Aa ce bt>h- 
qaBaio Ha MexKeMH (koa KaAnje) ho^to Heniaa nepitBH no Tpn 

') ITo cboj npujinn,a obo ce oahocii Ha oho KaA cy Typmi onviu- 
jeHu.ni naTpiijapiuujy. ITpenncaq. 



CPJICKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 161 

AHH XO^a OKpeCTt,') HeBeMH HTO CbTBOpHTH CBflTH CiapH, 

noqio HaMi> oBaKO cbTBopn Ham^ MHTpono,inn> , Moate 6hth Aa 
cmo M8 Ba «Me HenoKopbHH. Hl 6ori> B'tcTi) cBeT.aT.nniH ro- 
cnoAHHe, tbophmo mh qacn. n noKopeHie Bnme He MoateMO 
Aa npnAeTi) n cBH\Tirre./ibCTBO th He 6s. cmo momh ito Bnme cb- 
tbophth , AO^eKseio ra n mh^iocthhw Aaeaio bb caKO a^to npo- 

THBH CHJie KaKO TKO M02te , fl,H UITO C» MH KpHBfl CBH .1I0AH H 
HOMtCTHH H ce/llftHH Te ApBffiH HaCb 6e3T> CBflmTeHHHK'L. CBflTH 

CTapn 6ora paflH, He npispii Haci> norndaiomTnx'b de3i>3aKOHHO, 
HyiaqeMO BbceBHAemTOMH , naKH m> cBATHTejibCT b» th Aa Hant 
nonmem'b cBiiniTe.HHKe. H OBin m r ro 6t>xh hohobh T»atax8 ce 
Ha TeaaKi) xapa i iT> B./iaAHqnH'b , a b^aho roBopn, He deate 
hohobh w xapaqa Hero (5 chhobt. itepKOBHAXT) , ho^ito m» Hie 
HroAHO hito HOdaByiflMO cHHOBe iiepKOBHe Aa na3e , a to miMi 
e «npaBio CBflTonoqnBinn naipiapxi. MaasaMi , naKH n cbathhh 
th d^iarocyiOBio 8 nncamK), a Moaie're BxnpocnTH h cBeTvrhn- 
maro iHTpono-iHTa pamnaro , qi'o AOcaaKAaro cuhobh nepKOBHH 



') IIIto je y Bocmi MHoro Birnie lipaBoc.iaBHor HapoAa npinm.io 
Bjepy MyxaMeAaHCKy n piiMCKy, AOda je upiimije.io u to, iiito je 
BocHa imoro ocityAHnja 6aASk ca iijpKBaaia u MOuacTiipiuia Hero 
XepueroBUHa. Y EonoBy (y XepiieroBiiHii) Hena ce.ia uoje neiia 
CBojy upKBy; a xepneroBaiKu cy MOHacTiipn obu iuto ja 3HaM: 
jKHTOMiiiDiLiit, 3aBa/ia, j\yai\i (npnje: Tbpaom), /J,o6pub.eBo, Ko- 
cujepeBO , IIiiBa, Ma^HHCKO, Mopa^a, B.muiKoBa (j pa3Ba.iu- 
Hana), CoKo^ian, (y pa3Ba.nmaMa), Apaiifye.i, Ayoogima, ^oBOjLa, 
/l,o6pH./ioBiJHa, Tpoiiua, MiwemeBO (nonoBAeHo), l IaJHiiiKa iipKBa 
noAoCHa MOHacTiipy 36or qyAOTBopue HKOue ii t. a- A y Bocuu 
(capajeBCKOM oKpyry) ociim Biiconor (6 caxaia) b,e je 1857. 
noAurHyia HOBa iipitBa, neaia APyre linlje Ct.uiJKe y 24 caxaTa 
(panyHajyLii Bochj) ochm CapajeBa n MocTapa I y XepiicroBiiuii) 
ii y TOMe pacxojaay iiiuyin cy xpiiinhami — Gocaiicuii — y C'apajeBO 
a xepueroBaiitii y Mocxap. 1862 iliii Tpete o:siiAana je .mjeiia u 
upocTpaHa upKBa y Koibiiuy Kpaj HepeTBe na cpeAiinu APY^a 
BocHe ii XepueroBime. Y Bapemy (9 cax: oa CapaeBa (^e ey 
MHoni PiiMjiaiui ii Typuii a luuiuix caiio IT uyha y saponin u 
124 y ce^iiuia nema npiiBC, nero cauo .. Iii'.uija" 1)C cc cupiuana 
jyxpeaa ii Be*iepH>a. Iia.i, on Bor lianyiiio uainm \h).u .i.youa, 
iioSoJKiia ii Coraia Cp6inia, p,& iia i iimii ry npi;i:y sa 600 py- 
6&Jha, ocTaBiio Cn Bje i mii ciiomch y iioCo;khom aapoAJ' npaBo- 
CTiaBHo-BapeiiiitoM. [IpeniicaH. 

r.iACmiK XXXVIII. 11 



162 CPDCKB CTAi'iiin. ir.; bochb 

nonoBOMT), towb to p,o6j>k 3Ha, aparo hhito, aito tko AaAe 
8 HeAe/iio no acnps u,epKBH, h fi> xoro OAeBa ee nepKoia n 
Kpmn n a^k) ce jjHJiHcn (Ba^Aa ivio6e) h n<})THpe h xaxjiane 
cBaite , a naicn KorAa npHAeri. 11 liann, MHTpouoyiirri. n hcmh 
Hie B r Lc»e — noAaA» m» no nenoAEKO acnpnxi. « 3axnp8 (je^o, 
xpany), a;iH mn> cBe kahho apbjeh eae mh a^h hjih He 
Aa./iH , mh oatHAaeMi. M^ia no Bi>ce ahh n qacfl ; oht> nate 3pHT-B 
ease ct6pa r rn 3JiaT0 , a HespHTi era ao XpncroBO norno'aeMO, 
Toro paAn hocmcmo r roro ie.aoBiKa ca ci.6opHniu r L chmt. iiasl- 
neB'HHMi HaniHMT) nncameM r L , n cia b'l o6paaten'aa aobjit.iot'b 

6HCTp08MlI0 CBilTHHe TH , HaKH H l€fflTe AocaaiA«eMO n mo^hm' 

ce h mmh ce Aeeiao djiaateHCTBa th npeocBamTeHHH rocnoAHHe 
npoMHCiH o HaBin 6ora paAn n HewcTaBH HacL TaKo, hoblih 
CBflfflTeHHMKe Koe th SHami) h HeoKO STBptAH Aa cmo u ca- 
MnptHiio , h Koero cBamTeHHHKa th norayiini'L , HeKa e oho 
CTapin cBamTeHHHKT) , aKO ae h Asa 6va,x , utb'pah h nnca- 
mio TBoeMH, a 3a xapaqT. BJiaAHinHT. HnpaBoi' KaKO th 3Hann>, 
a 6o^bma th b-l »Me napcTBHiOTT,. Bora paAH h TBoe <ibct- 
Hie A«nie paAH HnpaBH HaMH Bent He Moateio hoahochth ho- 
Homema h HKopinia aaTHHCKaro KaEO atHBHeio (test nep- 
KBe, „no*iTO He naieeTe nonoBt, to h HeKoeMt npoKAe'riio n 
S./iHiieHiio ecue bh g> 3aKOHHOAaBaHT> BamnxT."; mh ate i ito 
HMaMT) WB'BHiTaTH HMi. Taiiio BT>3AaxHeMT> cl nyia^eMT) h 6e3i> 
wbbthh nptdnBaeMO x«a h n ni^ia^HH pa6n tboh. Cbath Orapn 
6ora paAH He G)CTaBH HacL « ce Bp'bie, ce6o mhtpoho./iht'b 
Hann> ©craBH HacB , th ate He npT>3pn sa hmt> 6oaue , 6ohmo 
ce , aKO norn6ocMO 6e3T> npH i ieraTema cb^thxt. TaHHT> , a 
CKa3aK6TH h Tail caHJi (KH>HroHoma) KaKO HaMi> BptMe npnAe. 
I[po i ieM npocTH npocTpaHCTBo cjkdbt> h SMHoateme pe^eMi. H 

CBfl'rieTH MOMTBaMH Cb HaMH aMHHT.." 

CaA je Ha peAy hhcmo naTpnjapxy Ka.oHHHKy npBOMe 
TpKy Ha ctojihhh cpncKO-naTpHJapmecKoj y HetiH. H y ca- 
mom HHCMy Beh HeMa OHe HCKpeHOCTH Kao npeMa naTpnjapxy 
ApceHHjy, jep cy aohi^h „'ryl)H .ByAH KOJHMa He3HaAy ^JAE. U 



CPnCKE CTAPIIHE H3 BOCHE 163 

Hobh na-rpHJapx oAMax ce 6pnHe 3a cboj npnxoA npeKO hoa- 
^utteHor MHiponojiHTa , iuto He bhahmo hh koa MaKcnua hh 
koa Apcennja , jep je OBnia onmTHHa c/ia/ia Ha jeAaH hyt 
no „AeceTT) 3,/iaTHHa", a 3a AO T ieu ipomnyia je npeKO 22.000 
acnpn , HOBOMe naK cnoMHite 3a Tpajyky iviaA h OKOJiHrnefteM 
MeAa A^ My onpa3H nocjeTy. A^h h hobh naTpnjapx 3Hao 
je to HaAOKHaAHTH ApyrnM na^iHHOM , uao uito je Ma^o aoh,- 
HHJe ypeAHo: a^ xoah „TencHJa" y HpKBH 3a naTpnjapmnjy 
Ha HeKOJiHKO npa3HHKa npeKO roAHHe : Hajnpe 8 , 3a thm 20, 
a Bajnoc/ie 24 , H3iet>y kojhx h Ha npa3HHK cb. CaBBe cpn- 
CKor , hito je jacaH 3HaK , a a je h oHAa a^h cb. CaBBe oho 
^npa3HyjeMH", sae Kao hito y Hac y Bochh h XepneroBHHn 
Be^ie: ;? 3anpeniTajeMH", t. j. sadpaityjytin paAnm OBa 24 
npa3HHKa 03Ha i ieHa cy y ,,3anncHHKy" capajeBcue npoe. — 

HcnncL KHnra naTpiapxa Ka.oHHHKa 1696. 
AeKeMBpia 3. 

„BHiHHaro npoMHCyiOMi) nsdpaHHOMH n anocmicKaro 
npicTO./ia HaM'fecTLHHKS nacTapH aie h H^HTeyiio h HacTasHHKS 
c/iob'Ecthhx'l OBaHi. ciaAa XpncTOBa , HaMi) &e MHororptin- 

HHXt MH.IOCTHBOM'L OMHJlOBaTeilR) HpioCBfllHTeHOMT) TOCHOAHHy 

h naipiapxH cpt6cKOM» Knpiio Knpiio Knpiio KaMHHHKH , © 
rocnoAH 6o3e paAOBaxn ce *ii>cthomh th cBaTHTe/ibcTB» KKnHO 
Ba (odonx'L , S Haci. MHororp'tinHnxt. ^ieAt tbouxi. iimoBt 
n,epKBH capaeBCKie ca B^ceiai. cadopoarb xpiinoiiMeHnTBX'L 
MHoro BtcMtpeHH M'lvraHie caTBapaeii't 6^ajKeHCTB» th h i ibct- 
H'tn th pHii,'liH H03e jioC>H3aean> , h MH'b npHKacaronrre ce. Ho 

CHXt B^CTO 6»AM T6(5e MH./10CTHBH Hat'THpH KaKO paHoMi.XOM'B 

ft imcaHia MHTponoiiHTa Haraero, KaKO m» ch nacao Aa caaae 
jiiOAeMi) sa npnxwA'B cBHTHTe.ii.cTBa th , n t;iko iu i 6iib'mh 

OBAe MHTpOHO./lHTa , MH rptlUHH CHHOBH D,epKOBHH HCTaBHCMO 

HapcoAi> Baci, npeAi> nepKBiio h CKa3acMo sa npirxoAfc 6.ia- 
aieHCTBa th, h toko bbch bakhc-khhho peKome mi'i 6h cmo me- 
mjw fl,n Haan. npnAe cbath CTaapH, a-'' npi'mi'mo (Uarocjio* 



164 crncKE ctapiihe iia boche 

BGiiie , a^iM HeMoaieMO ra AO^eKaTH KaKO cmo nptjKAe (Ba^Aa 
je joui jeAHOM aoa^ro , hjih ce oahoch Ha npefyamite naTpn- 
japxe?); ho^i'to e BpiMe TemKo n iipncKpi>6Ho n saxnpa 
CK«na , doHMO ce Aa He npniinMO Br. mt^cto (wiaroc/iOBeHia, 
KJierBH. IlaKH yciaBJiiicio HapoAT, h Apai'H n«T'i) Aa ce ao- 
roBopiiMo KaKo KeMO Ao i ieKaTH CTapiera, n TaEO Hajn> (5ro- 
Bopnrae : Kaito cmo peon np'BH nwn, TaKO n caAt , nero 
nom.iHTe qeyiOB-BKa n nnniHTe cbhtomb OrapoMa o Ba ce n 3a 
Ba ce; Toro paAH CBewkHinH rocnoAHHe Becro 6«ah cbath- 

Te^ltCTBH TH, KaKO BHAHMO H ClHmHMO €& HapOAa , Aa HeKfifflT) 
TH CK«nH'n> MHJlOCTHHe KO^HKO he TH OBTT. Xap^a » H8TH H 

(OBAe , aKO MOTpHini. npT>(DAn./ie (ft CapaeBa , (Jort BtcT^ cbhth 
CTaapn HeHiarai) K»Ae , Ao eAHora Mociapa , a aeas HHKHAe 
Hie HHTa. Toro paAH 6o^tma th Ba Hie rocnoA'cTBHioTi., 

TBOpH KaKO TH 3HanTB , MH CMO A^^atHH CKa3aTH ^TO 3HaMO 

h *i8eMO «& HapoAa , a AP»ro ito mojkomo ctTBopnTt mh He- 
ko^ho qe./iOBT»Ka ; a nrro HHineniT. Aa ce i ie^OBtn,n HepacxoAe, 
mh komh Aa pe x ieMO HenAH Ha hhtti Hero neKafi C'raapora. 
Toro paAH cbath Oraapn OBoro i ie.flOBT.Ka ma.ai€MO kt> cba- 

THHH TH H B^CTO TH TBOpHMO Aa HOC./1'BAH Hepe i iemT> , HOTTO 

mh HenncacTe Aa hpomhcmmt> tito TBopHTi) , — npoqeMT. CBS- 
Tie TH MOJIHTBH CT» HaMH HCAOCTOHHHMH , aMHHT.. " 

(Obom npn^HKOM Cjeme ocaM cap : onmTHHapa h 40 Apy- 
rnx „cb6opHHxi>" xpnmkaHa KaA nncame na'rpnjapxy Ka- 

JlHHHKy). — 

OnmTHHa CapajeBCKa HMajyiiH AocTa HenpHJiHKa ca MHTpo- 
nojiHTHMa : XpncTH(|)opoM h AiaHacnjeM 36or cBeniTeHHKa, 
yqnHH nocTOjaHy ypeaoy npn MHTpono^iHTy BncapnoHy : Aa ce 
CBaKH AaH HMa mhhhth cayattfa y hvjk : capajeBCKOJ oa 4 
CBeniTeHHKa no *ipeAH , Koje ce h AaH AaHac Hajwmnje nc- 
nyitaBa. IIo cboj npujHnp Ty je ypeaoy ycTaHOBH^a 36or Tora, 
Aa jeAHOM 6yAe MHpHa n npecTaHe Ha cBarAa TaKO 3BaHO 
caMOBOjLHO „3aAptaiaHie h fiMBqeme" oa nojeAHHnx MHTpono- 
^HTa h^h na'rpnjapaxa, Te KaA peA CBaKHAaniH.e c/iyatfje npei^e 



CPIICKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE 165 

y 3aK0H n o6n*iaj , He tie Mmtpoho-ihth y3HeMnpnBaTH HapoA 
ca oA/iyKOM. 

Ho TOMe, niTO cy npnje xpncmjaHn oa „CTpaxa" Typ- 
CKor je/i,Ba cMJe^iH n y Hetje.By OTBopam npKBy, a y obo Aooa 
HMa^y c/io6oAy n cBaun AaH, Moate ce mhc/ihth, #a je Kajin- 
hhkob (JjepMaH Macno Hemio Bnme cao6oag Hero npnje, jep 
je oh Aomao npaBO H3 CTaai6o./ia noc/iaT oa naAnrae. Bn.io 
KaKO My Aparo , onnnnna je nia/ia noBOAa dojaTH ce n Aa.BH 
HesroAa HenpeABHAHMH , c tem npnje , nrro je y to Ao6a cje- 
Aho Ha naTpnjapmecKOJ ctoahi\e rpK, urn, mio je OBora 3a- 
MnjeHno ATaHacnje 6hbiuh MnTponoMT 6ocaHCKH , c kojhm cy 
ohh ma^H AocTa Hecnopa3yM.BeHa. Bn^o jeAHO mw Apyro, e^e 
roA- 1696. JyMJa 15. MnTpono^HT BncapnoH A^Ae onminHn 
obo nncMO mh CBOJepynHH ycTaB y „3anncmiKy" n,pKBeHOii: 

„WEAomm 6oaueK) CMtpeHH BncapioFB MnTpono^HTt Bo- 
chh nnmeiT) noHeate Aa ce 3Ha oko 6oaueM r B nponsBOJieHieMfc 
cadopnca cmo ca cB'BmTeHHnnn n ca chhobh n,epKBe capaeB- 
cKie, Aa c» nepKOBHa no — a — nona n npaBe uepKOBHo 
npaBHyiHO no HCTaBH n nptAamio cbhthx OTai^ n hokt-b 6o- 
atacraBHHK) ./leTHpriro no Bace ahh HenpeMeHHo, Kpoaie 
BejinKaro nocra, n Aa dnBaei-B ./leTHpria ca HipBHeio Hepa3- 
jisqHO, KpoMe HeAeyiB n npasHSeMnxi) cbhthx'b. H anrre 6h- 
AeTt cBt.inTeHHHK'b naie ceM» noBe^eHiio HenoKapae'r'ce, TaKOBn 
Aa HedsAeTi. c^natnTejiB ceiiH xpan* cbathx'b apxHCTpaTBTi 
HiKe Ba CapaeBe, TaKo Aa e Ba pa3»Me Ba ceaix." — 

OBaj je ycTaB noTBpAno ca ne*iaTOM ropn>e 'rnxyjie. — 
Aouhhjh rpmtn Apxnjepen yBeAome o6n*iaj CBpraaBam cayatfy 
n HeAe-BHy n npa3mi i my 3ajeAH0 ca jyTpeibOM , hito je AOCTa 
3a HapoA TepeTHO tomko crajaxn. Ja mhcjiiim 113 yspoKa Tora 
3aBeAorae, Aa npnje nonnjy Ka^y n qndyK 3anajien.ni Bap- 
rn.iy, jep rpqKH Apxnjepen y TypcKOJ totobo cbh to ynpa- 
jKitaBajy. A Hesioate hm hii 6htb Apyr i mje , HMajytu nocaa ca 
KannoM n BcinKaranaia TypcKHM t>e je sa$a mpo (ii ropsa) 
n i m6yK upBa no T iacr. — 



166 CTIICKE CTAPIIHE H3 BOCHE 

Caa cy Ha pe/iy nncMa naTpnjapxy Mojcejy oa roAiinc 
1713. OKTOMdpa 4. ao 1722. Y obhm uncMHMa b\)Ao je 3Ha- 
i iajno to, iuto je pe i ieHM naipnjapx Mojcej oa^ho 6ho 
oa cBemTeHOAjejcTBa MHTponoMTa GocaHCKor Mojceja, kojji 
je Ayro BpeMeHa 6ho AyoHMaH h npHABopHHK na'rpnjapxoB; 
AOUHnje ra nocraBno mhtpobo^htom docancKHM, (Maop Aa ra 
je Hajnpe OApeAno Ka./MHHK) a noc/ie mhc/ihm npeMJecrno ra 
Ha Enapxnjy BnorpaACKy. JacHnje he ce CBe BH^ern H3 cie- 
Ayjyknx HHcaMa. 

12. ylixo 1713. OKTOMBpia 4. 

;; MoHceio d./iaffieHHenmeMt h cjioBecTHtHmeii. tochoahhs h 
naTpiapx» cpt6cKOM« amora ./rEia." 

„Brcto *j8ah BaMT) 6jiaateHH r tHraH rocnoAHHe Kaso npn- 
mhcmo o) Bact CBiaTHiejibCKoe Bbme nncame h pasBMixoMi. bt. 
odpaaieHHaa KaKO cKasueTe HaMt 3a 06'bBaAOB'EBnrdio MHTpo- 
noyiiio de^irpaACKHK) b Henuiee Koro nocTaBHTH Ha hd bi> m^cto 
npeaiAe dnBmaro MHTpono^Hia Hero o6HaatHe r re HacL x8ahxi> 
(5 Hamero MHTponoyiHTa h mh Aa ocTaHeio bt> aobh, TaKO, 
HeBiara Koe paAH bhhh , Aa 6ha'Bmo hkophh h nocTHatA'BHH » 
Bctxi) CTpaHi) Hainero B3HKa cptdoc/ioBeHbCKaro Aa Hact oci'a- 
bhtI) MHTpono^HTT) Hanii. A mh Aa npocMO Apsraro He3Hae- 
Maro. 6to HMaa obo Tpkrie ^i'bto KaKO cihjkh Hanrb MBTpo- 
hojihtI) cbatomh nptdOJiy cptdtcKaro naTpiapxnibCTBa , a mh 
ctohmo 6e3i> nacTHpa offiHAHronrfB KorAa HpHAeTt hocbthth 
Hacb , h HHHia npiiA't h npHHece HaMT> » Bacb no hcthhb 
njia'HH AOCTOHHoe HHcaHie Aa ocTaBnrb Hacb , HeBiMH Koe 
paAH bhhh HenoKopema Hamero , iaKoase h bhhi'b ptx(DMi>, 
Toro paAH Ki) K0M8 Aa noaauHMCE mae kt> komh Aa nia^ieMt 
tbkmo kt> np^BHCOKOMB Be^H^bCTLBiio th kt> 6\aaateHHiHmeM8 
HameMS tochoahhs, mjh x»ah oboto yKopeHia h HHHraiKema 

HeMOiKeMO np'ETpLH'BTH HH OCTaBHTH HHKOrAa 6e3b Be.flHKie 

h«jkah h 6'bah odmiie noTro HaM^ •Hennraeni'L bhhh kok hmg- 
erfe Ha HacL , Hero TaKO Hafco cmo cbdopH'i , Aa ociaBH B.ia- 



CPnCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 167 

AHKa Monceffl 6ochh h Aa npiimii 6e.iBrpaA'B, n Aa nonuieTe 
Ha 6ochh Koero Apnraro. CBKvrr.Hinn h tf-MateHHtfinin rocno- 
AHHe no i rro HenocxaB./iiaeTe Koro ApHraro Ha enapxiro o6b- 
BaAOBeBniHK) Hero xoniTT/re o6ps i ieHH»io o6bbbaobhth a AP«- 
r«io o6p« i iHTH. Toro paAii d.iaajeHBnmn rocnoAHHe n nacTHps 
Hamt, mh Toro o6hkhhth HeMoateMo hhoko, a bh tbophtb 
oko SHarfe KaKO fee 6hth inpHO h AoCpo, a OBoro Btmero 
nncaHia hhth cfflo npo%THJiH Kt ca6op» hhth CMeemo npo^B- 
thth , noH'tate 6hth he jMBBa » HapoAH n Moate 6hth h ropmi 
Hero ct 6ohmo Aa hb6hab , h CKa3a HaMi) Harai) MnTpono^HTt 
w sctb , Aa Ke Bame djiaateH'ciBO 6hth Ha ob» crpaHS no- 
ciTHTe^iB cbohxi. ob^t* , h tom8 cmo ct o6BBece.m./in n aie- 
aumo Aa npfiAeii ojiaajeHCTBO bh npaBAn pa#H Aa bhahuo. 
npoMeMB npocTH npocrpaHCTBo c/iobi> h cb : mo./ihtbh ct Ham 
aMHHt. MHororp'BHiHH cHHOBt Hep'KBH CapaeBCKie." • 

13. A'Bto 1715. (owj)eY). CenTeiBpia 26. 

M©HceH) np'^./iaaieHHtrimeMB h cioBecTHBHineMH HaraejiH 
rocnoAHBa h na-rpiapxH cp6cKOM8 h d-iBrapooMT). — 

„Mh MHororpt'inHH h HenoTpidHH paOn n WAa cBiain- 
Te^'dBa th cHHOBe uepon capaeB'cKie, mhoto bb cmtpeHe 
noiuoHeme tbophmo, H/k/iHioniTe tbos CBiaTHTe^'cide pHirt h 
Host , »MHe npHKacaioraie ce. Ilocnxb b^cto tbophmo Ovia- 
ateH'crBH th , KaKO npHMH cmo Blurt CBiaTHTeJi'cKoe nncaHie, 
nncano Meceua iV — Ke, a npnAe in. Ham ce« : — f — 
He3HaMO bhhs saKacHiBia ,• a do^iint 6h 6mo Aa ^A't ienne 
saKacH'Ljio ii B.unit> , nont;jKe htcmo ao Himia hh eAimoro OBa - 
Koro nncaHia npnneKajH hh fi> eAHHaro naTpiapxa . n er^a 
BtcnpiexcoMT) cie un'caHie b'L^bmh B't3paAOBa'xoM'ce , ooVne 
erAa npo i iaTiixoMT> , bbjmh ockpb#bx'mo , bii/T,1;biiii. OBOJi'zKoe 
B'Buie Ha HacL .motos HeMH^ocp'Aie n FHeBt , bt> mt.cto (Shlc- 
Karo 6yiaroH r rpo6ia , 3p'LniTe mh cBoero HiHTijiHaro nacrapa 
hoat> 3aApBaameMB ocaaiAhinuixi. , Koe Hie 6hjio oboms mbcts 
HHKorAa, hh (SeAHsaro naipiapxa, Toro paflH H6b4mh kow 



168 CPHCKB CIAPHHB H3 UOCUK 

bhh8 Kcr't oup'Un 6yiajKenHt0iiiH rocnoAQHe, Hb HaineM'b Mn'rpo- 
eo^uth. niiinere krko ecrb Henouop'bH'b B^meMb apxnna-CTHp'- 
ctbh , (Sbah Binie cjiobo B'LcaKO bcthho, BT>mero CBiaTHTeji'cTBa, 
odaie 'ran qc/ioB'BKT> , Koie BaM'L rli peiH npHHew , neia hckbch 
cboh yMT, <o cbohx' 8ctb , a (5 Hauiero MuTponojuna BeKe ce 
Hahb TaKOBH noca.ni HeuoKopbcrBa , HHTie ao HHHia naxoAn- 
jibcb fi> eamnx r b BJiaAHKi , hh naKH Aa e ociajia KorAa Miipia 
HenjaKeHa , hjih x ito AP«ro Ha hhxb , a 83Aano ce Aa HeLe 
bh (5 ctyie, a eBO enrre Hie MHH8.10 hh saho ji'Bto KaKo e 
npnmao kt> HaMb>, a to e Baun> nnpaKb (.bydniaii,) i p»K- 
caflt h Henpt3ptcTe Hero nocaacrt Hb Hero 3aAp'atame jhd- 
Toe ooVie 6./iaateHH r EHmH rocnoAHHe , ao HHHia npn mhmoiiila- 
hihxT) naipiapcexb w Hamero M'fecTa, n noni MnpcKii 6ioe 

HO l IbT6H'b ko^hko Aptfrn BMAHKa a HHHia HHH l IHateHH OHCMO 
HpH BaCb, MH K8HH0 H CT> HafflHMl MHTpOnOMTCOMt , TOrO pa£H 

HMtn'Te Hacb npomx'BHHXb , bhh8 Heo6ptTme cia HaMb HOKa- 
3acTT>. 3aT0 A-^tatHH scmh n jnoTifimiixb AoneKaib , noHeate 
mh AOcaAa h cboh atHBOT-b ohcmo mol/ih a^th no 3a paAH 
Bad , h cBM'ie Be^iHKie Heparan , n tojhbo scmh B^meMS 6^a- 
ateHCTBH \mfl,EAE, naqe HHeflTb MHMora^ADinM'b naTpiapx©M , B 
c^HffiHTH. H ecuioce HaA'tiajH , a«i n koio bhhs cbtbophmo , A& 
6hctg HaMi» bh H0Ka3a/iH AB'tpn MH^ocp'Aia. 06sme <& cero 
ropme e HeiMMOcp'Aie hh KorAa ht>cmo comaM , KaKo Ha 
Haci , 6e3i. ncnHTaHia csa^ saAptataHia H3He ce , n tomko 
Harae mbcto , rop'me w B'bcexb Mtcxb , hah Aa peneM'b (5 bt* 
cexb ce^i., eate nnme're Aa HecMO BaranMi> nocaaHHHKOMb qbCTb 
Aoctohh8K> noo3a./iH, a Hecio hh nncMa (5 Bacb hmt>^h hh- 
KaKOBa no HHMa HnpaA'b mxa , a B^aAHKa 6ko nomao r. namn, 
a 6n^o hmt, e a B^iaAflKHHOH ki€./ih Aocra k\cth h hhth , a m& 

8 OHO BptMe HicMO CM'BJin HH 8 nepKB8 AOtb, BH naKH CBOHXT> 

A«tii{\Haa WBopnTH <S TeatKa 38^8Ma , a Kaaio ah ki HHMa 
npnxoAHTH , a hcthho Aa pe^eM-b , KaKo e cohtj oba^ WHico, 
mowh 6e cmo h tao6v n^aTHTH nopaAn hhxt> qnHOBBora H8Ta r 

H Ma./10 HHTia, H HeCMO 3Ba^H Aa BH 8 HHXb AptaiHTt Be- 



CPDCKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE 169 

jihkh ^LCTt, thko Aa mh cbh n Hama ^ibCTb n same no- 

KOp'CTBO OH CMO BH 3a BITO BpH Baffla XB3lthapa, TO.IHKO 

ae BencBHTa Baci> h same BeEOKopbCTBO Ti obojibkh (|)i- 
slaT) (?) h 3^ia rflliBa Ba aacb, h emie BHrnexe, Aa mh 

CL HafflBM'B MHTpOBO^HTWM'B R/l,eM0 H flieSIO , TO l€CTL HCTHHa. 

noHreate crapMrnH Ban. i€ctl , bo tbogms EncaBiio , Kano bh- 
fflexe Aa 6«A'tMO hokop'hh cbobmh Mhtpobo^hth , naKH ca^t 
BHBieTe, fl,R m» be p«K« BeB'b^HSMO , AocaAb Morao ct aa- 
pwAt wcrpamHTH , Aa Fa BMAHKa noKaapa , a wcaA'b Beke 
Heo BJiaAHKa HeMtmacT, bh hibto , aero B^Ka o Me bt>bb- 
Maa , BOBieme BT>HMaa BJiacTH Kano nmi apxiepen a cbosii 
enapxi . a Baaie (MaateH'cTBo doyimt, 3Baa , Aa OBa KBnra 
Hie 3a obh Biexepi hm 3a kok Kaca<)8, otfa'^e bhahmo Aa 
Hact ropffli apbJKHTt Horo h ce'jio Koe; «3Aa;iH cmo ce 8 
Bacb, Aa KOTopii qe.-iOB'fcK'b u) Baci. n kphbhiis cbtbopbt', h 
bh 83aaBBiH Aa Be6n cri TaKO bt> cKopt eocahae saApbatame, 

BerO A'1 HAPBJKBTt TB'BB'b H 8KpOTHT't RpOCTOCTB , a TaKOBarO 

tie^oBtKa , noH^iBT'BJiBHM'b cjlobomtj apxHBacTHp'cKaro HaKa3a- 
ma HacraBH^iH hi. nooaHie , aime ,ih ct> He6n noKopn./n> bt>- 
niejrb BaKasafliio , mh 6hcmo bmbt.cth./ih B'bmeM'b 6\iaateB'nB8 
TaKOBaro x ie./iOB r kKa BHcaBieM'b HainHin>, 83Aawhn ce 8 Baiii« 
piib , fi> Bacb BaMT> pe^eBBHio , Aa He-Keie bh 8 sami m^- 
cto BHKorAa 3aAp'JKaHaro nncama nocaaTH . AOKOJit aeuncMO 

MH CHBOBH HepKOBHH CbdopBT, Bl.CBHCa^H H CI> BafflHM'b Mn- 
TpOHOJlHTOMl. BT)3B'tCTH^H BaMb Me./lOB'EKa , OOVie EHflia BH- 
AHMO, Aa Baci, iraee're CBoe Korfla kx aaMT, BpiiAT.Te, a no 
Apnrnxb M'bcrex'b , Bact bh Bvi'Toaie aplkM , TpaauwH cmo 

8 HaiUeil KBHrOXpaBH^HHHH B'bCa HHCC'Ma npbBBXb CBHTOHO- 

ihbbihxx naTpiapxoBi Banmx'b n HeotfpiTOCMO HHSAHHaro nn- 
cama 3aApi>xaHHaro hh Ba npoeTa qeaoBiKa , ana apxiepea 
hbcmo hh caewhae, Hero cmo ce 83Aa^H Aa mh h cbrptntHMO 
^to , Aa Be6n Haci. Syi«qio naxpiapx'b , Aio6m\ paAn MHTpo- 
no/una. H BBBiexe BaaiT. ibto cmo niie BOMiiiia.ui BJia^HKH Me- 
jieHTia, bh Baurb nncacre nncaHie hi. ca(Jopi , ,\;\ .uiaiv ttaEO 



170 cpitcke ctapime m eoche 

Ba.M'L noc./ia cmo MHTponoJiHTa h nacrnpa , h mh oh8 KHHra npo- 
IcIthcmo npeA HapoAOM' h no*iecMo ra noMHHaTH g> OHoro wens, 
e BaM' ftnacacMo 8 Bea'rpaAfc ~hbh HaMT> ffinncacie niicanie 
.aino. A cafli Ha HacT> 3^06010 naMiT03JiodBCTB8eTe , h toH 
naM> 8 3P0KT. npeA' o*ih craB^niT'L. Em-re Haan, nnme're a* 
SeMJieMo (5 CBaTie uepKBH , Aa Kor^a BHAide TaKO aijio 8 
Haci. , iioito Hencrfa Haci> nponitALmee jiIto , Hero HacB 
hhhux 8Kapam r L, Toro paAH d^aateH'H'tHmn rocnoAHHe Ham, 
npocTH Hact, n nodaBH ce6 r t BipHtHinee enHTpone koh he Ban' 
dojinij h B'fepHo Tenciio ApBasaTH , a HeffinjnaTH (5 cBKmie nep- 

KBH. A (5 HaCL (5 HptjKA't AptffiaBHIHXb , HCHHT8H aKO TTO 

HMaa npn Hac7> 83mh h hcttm , h ho ncTT>3aHH npeA B-LceMH 
apxiepen H3Hicn npaBHAC»A Ha Haci>. OoVie AOcaAt hccmo 
TaKOBH Chon , KaKO EWb TBopHT't , Aa SflMaio fi> cBHTbie nep- 

KBH, aKO CMO 8 T0M8 A^S HeKa Hai' d8A't (DMac'THT'k/lL 

CBaTLi Ap'ceme cpd'cKH. 

EniTe HaML HHinemb a& ki€mo h ropmaa cnxt HacaeAHTH 
anne npi68AT>M0 bt> tom' HenoKoptcTB'B , a Mii Henna amo ne- 
noKopima HneAHHaro npoTHB8 bbmt> , naKii koih ropma h.ih 
Btnmnaa kaqtbo, Aa 6sAeT', H'tc'Tt tffi.ua hh Ha ohom-l *ie- 
jiob4k8 Koi e nox8./ii(D hb Xpncra CHHa tfoatia. KauoBH ctb 
bh nocaaTH Hb apxiepeis cBoero. Enrre (MaffieHHTHHin rocno- 
AHHe npHMH./iH cmo Bame nncame, nncaHHO KaAe CTe 6h./ih 8 

83JHH8 H8H. K6 (25) H pa38M'£X(DMb HITO HaMt HHHieTe HO- 

paAH HtHBKa BajireBn,, koh ce e mnAito cBKvrnTe./iBCTB8 th Aa cmo 
M8 mh aMO scTa-BMH HeKe HieroBe crBaapn , to e whb jiara© 
KaKo AodapL le-iOBta a He Ka38e hcthhh; HreroBB CTBaapn 
niTo M8 C8 6ea& mec8 8 HamHx p8K8xb Hero 8 AP^rnxB h 

A0HIJ1H M8 C8 8 p8Ke TaKO CMO pa38M'k/in. A 3a paAH OHora 

mo e peKao a^th oba^, mh hbcmo nop8 i iHBa./iH Aa (ohb a one 
h HaMH Aa od'Bnrrae hito a^'H, Hero ohb AoxoAifi) h Asa h 
Tpn H8Ta MOJietiH ce Aa M8 noMoateMO KaKO 6n 83eo oho hito 
M8 e dpaTb onopsqi© , h TaKO oho 6h hito 83eco oHano Aa 
AaAe 8 HamB u,ep'KB8 aocbts ac'nps h^ih S Ma^a h./ih (5 Be- 



CPI1CKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 171 

jiHKa, h a*U^ saiT) cboh TeaiicHfib n Ao6pe eime KaKO Le HaiiB 
Aara ./ltno kojihko 3anaAHe , h mh » i ihhhcmo hhcmo , n iioa- 
nncacMO ct to.ihkh qe.aoB'Bn.H , Koe p«Ke no3Haw ohh qe.io- 
b4hh Hecra MeHai'i, h ohh qe.aoBin.H BipoBanrfe HaminrL p«- 

KaMT) H AaJH C8 MH H BBmB Hero M8 e BHHCaHO H TeCTaiieHTS, 

a Aa Hie noHio oho hhcmo noAnncaaHo He6n H3eco HieAHe acnpe. 
3aro mh HHiTeMO oho , nrro e HaMi> a^g) cboh TeMtcHkb , n.in 
Aa AaAe ohb h^h HeroBH eMH,n , a ihto HaMT> nnnie Bime (Lia- 
^eH'cTBO Aa HMaa enrre M'tcia 3a AanaTH . 3aio mh hi€mh He- 
6paHHMO, HeKa Aae tag e ncrpida Aa -Me a HMaa o&AbmTa 
h AaBaTi) , a odhb e 6orntiK\ 0)aob»a6 h noB^co cedk paAH, 
h c HHMa ce norakiao KaKO he ai^hth ihto »3ms . a mh 3axo 
He3HaMO HHHiTa, h pa38MeM cmo Aa HMaa h ohomk xecTa- 

M6h't8 MHJIOCTHHUX HO CB^Mt MOHaCTHpeX cptC)CKHXh H CBHTO- 

rop'cKHXL, ayin to ohh H'fecH Aaa;ra 3KHBaHH, Hero HeKa HHITe 
cBaKH cBoe hito HMaa , hoc/tbah bha^cmo obat. 8 Hnxb BT.me 
HHcaHie HHcaHo e oko bctb HdHHa , hl oho nncaHie BT>nie ao- 
m./io e AOHHii, ohh C8 6hjih npene hohmh aMO H3 ULieiaKaa, 
a Tro e 3Ehbko BaMT> ^bjkhbo CKa3HBaft) j\,& e xothd 3a BaMH 
AOtl kt> BaM-L a HeAao M8 Bornht n Mhxo, to e whi. .ia- 
rao BaMi. , a/in h 3a r ro mh He3HaMO hto ae e KaKO ae e — h 
TaKO BHnit HHcaHHaa Bbca ocraB./ibMB mo./ihmo ce (hiaatennBH 

TH O HaCX rpBHIHHXB , Aa «TO^HfflH TH'tBT) H tl\pOCTb , H HaM'b 

nponiT'tme Aa Aaptfemn khhho ct> Haranin. MHTpono./iHTOM'b, n 
qTO HMeeMO aMO nncaHie Aa koh M)6o qe-aoBinH 6va,v hmbth 
no M r BaiA» ced'fe koh npepfame Aa HenA» hb hho Micro Hero 
npeAi- cHHOBe nep'KOB'He Aa nxb noroA't , saio r».ia -,k«mi"ii hiinru 
rocnoAHiie, neMoaie caA r B oho hoahIvth. noqio Ohcmo w.wxuiiaii 
h ced'b h nepKOBi, Hero aito oh Basil Ha Kora (6 nan, nncame 
Aoiimo Aa ra noitapaTe oko bh 3HaT%, a mh hh hiqto ncM'hina th 

Ce KpOMt H,epKOBH'B padorB, H B'liCTO BH 6b', 1,11 KaKO IKm'mo HU- 
TEAE HB Cb6op» OBH caA«1HR> B'BIUH KHlir», 6ot-:tilI ("h 806 KaMO .111 

(5 HapoAa, Koe 6h moivio 6wn>, n hc6ii iui h;imi> 6eao m\\m>. 3aT0 
Hac-b npoc.TH ^aaieHH'liHiiiH roenoAHHe h BiSBeceAB naci, tbo- 



172 CPIIC'KE CTAPHHE 03 BOCHE 

hmt> o^iaroc^oBeH'HHM'L nncameMi. npoie upocTii npocrpaHCTBO 
cjiobt. n »MH0}KeHie pi'in, h CBui'ie th mo-ihtbh cx naain, aainHf. 

H MHorocMtpeno MiTame x ibCTHT»HHieMT> tochoahbh apxi- 
AiaKOHH Apceniio , (JoBaHOBnhy wrBpTOM naTpnjapxy aohhh- 
jeM. Ilpen.). 

IlHca ce cie a'Bto f n$e'i — CeKT. ks (26). 

14. yBTO 1717. Ja.da 15. 



np'BOCBKUIIT'BHHie TH p»fl;t H H03e /10f)II3afcMO HMH6 npn- 

KacatoniTe ce. IIo chxb (MajKeHEHmH rocnoAHHe MHMombAmee 
Ahh nncaxcoM^ ;incTb cBRTHTe./ibCTBH th nopaAH R3BH ioate 
naieeniH Ha HacT> chhob^ ijepEOBHt, h He haoctohxcomce g> 
BLHiero d^aateH'cTBa (oroBo'pa npieTH, k\ko Aa 83HaM0 buhb 

K\3BH , HB TOAHEO MajlO H MHOTO pa3HMeCMO « 8CTT. XaHH patt\, 

KaKu ctt. mh sanoBkwAE , Aa HaMT. coate Aa xoueTi HqnHHTH 
HOA3aApB3iaHie Hacb kohcmo chhobh nepKBH, a HanBeiHTLint> 
Ha xann yla3a n JooaHHa ApHaHTOBuLia , Aa Bie HeKTO npn- 
Hiw pi^L , Aa c« tfecBAHJiH HenoA6HB pta 3a B'bmnM'b cbrth- 
Te^iBCTBOMi. , 3a Koe mh aMO TpaatHCMO , h ca 3aoHHaHieMb h 
Hemoro cmo Halib onie pfriii Tro HaMT> noKa3»e xann Paiw, 
a tko e to npHHio) hjih nncao CBRTHTe./iBCTBH th Jiaaib , 6hth 
te mh ipbHi) odpasfc h npeA tforoanb h upeA ^k>amh, a to 
ce HeKi€ Hatb noMeatAH nacb TaKOBB iiejioB'EK'b Koi e Heno- 
Kp^Hi) B^meMTb 6^aaieHCTB8 , eae Aa e KaKOBH pi^ib hchaoohh 
o Bad. 6ect>Aift), n roBopn^n CTe xann Paw, Aa cmo Bacb 
emi'e OB^e HH\3BH./in h ho c'pahh »Apn./in , tomh hbcmo Bt»po- 
Bajin, th 3jio6» HeKe AptataTH cbjith CTapn, oht. e Haunt 
hoc/teas AombCTBia noc/ia© to^hko KHHr-b (karoc/iOBeHHHXb, 
a mh caMO ra Ao^eKajiH EaKO cmo 6hjih KaApb, Kaao cBoero 
dapiera, a aKO cmo cbrptraH^H bito cmo peKyin, h HaraeMt 
rpodiio Hie ce Hauia© qe./ioB'BK'b Hepa3bCTBopeHT. ao HHHHia, 
h caA^ TaKO roBopHMO, n Hie ce HaDMo 3a cBflTono x iHBniHXb 
naTpiapxoBt, auo e oBa pe^x 3.aa, 3a to npocTH Hacb. EAa 



CTI1CKE CTAPI1HE U3 BOCHE 173 

6on> He^aAe hh (5 hhhkx Aa ce to Hake h 3a Bp-feueHa cbkith- 
Te/iLCTBa th , a nrro ctt> r-OBopon xaiin Paio nopa^n nona 
tiorum Katco mh hIcmo tf&AE KHhw , n to Baaii. Hie npaBO 
CKa3a r ro, mh cmo ra H8,ion ^a «3mb, n Hera h AP^re no- 
noBe , hl ohh HexiLine, a mh h^cmo mol/ie irepKOBHa nooo- 

HHTH HH 6AHH0M8, a J\H e HCKadi) H Ha BT»p8 UOrHhb ^a AE 

(5h cmo mh , a bhctt, roBopa^n aKO He 6h n^ariw BornKb 
n.iaTifi> 6hxb vx eae b^aho, slae 3a to He HMaMO nncama 
<0 BaCT) HH (5 ByiaAHKe, a DJ.TO HecMO ahae non» BornhK) 
acnpn 3a podie hito e KHnioo , kslj\,q Hie nsiao acnpn , T ieMH e 
K»noBao (!) a Haiua e nep'KOBb hito cmo momh wkuhhth 
(OKbHOBa^iH cmo MHoro potfia , a cjinniajiHCTi n BT.me cBiaTH- 
Te^bCTBO. IlaKH HaMb cKa3a xaun Pai<o KaKO crfc mh tobo- 
pH.iH nopa^H KHTie CBaTie BeyiHKie nepKBe (naTpnjapmnje neh- 
cKe) , Aa e nocTaBHMO » MecTO HenoAodHO , to gctl a He . . . tl. 
3a to HaMi. 6ncTb Be^iHKa CKpb6i h ctioBame , n He HaMi> 

CaMHMb , Hb B'BC'EM'b CylHmaBEJHMT. (0 HapOAa , MH OBb KBl'ilO 

HeAbpatHMO Aa AodieMo i ito ceot , hi. Aa H'lmmMO koio ho- 
MOiHTb h BBparaenie BejiHKon iiepKBH naTpiapran. A 3aniT0 KeMO 

e MeTaTH Ha oHaKO Micro KaKO bh roBopnii , hoksmo » h tb. 

3a r ro HieMoct Ha^a-an tokobhmt. ptuma 6) Bxraero faajEeH- 
CTBa , h hohto paAH Koe e 3jio HMkaa ao caAi> Be^HKa iiep- 
KOBb, (5 Harae crpaHe, Te Ha HacT> toahkh rutin. npoanBaeeTe, 

AOHMO e Bp-BMe, Aa H3HeHIIliiM'b 3/10TB0p(0M'I> U.iai'UCJlOBeHie 

noAacre, a bh h cbos HMeH«eMie xoraT'tre npoiulmio npt.- 
AaTH , He bBe-AeBum ncTHHa ,in edb inn alksl , npHHOciiMaa 
BaMi) Ha Hacb , o tom'l B'bceBHAeurree oko Aa npoMOTpHTi o 

HaC'b, MH CMO C't Tp8An.'lH 3a 0B8 KWT'ilO 3il HoMOlHTb H tfKpa- 

meHie CBflTefi n Be^Hiren HepKim, u uocii.ia.in cmo ao ca#b 
Kaito ce bhah Koe (JjejiOHi Koe CTHxapi, n ueTpaxMB u ;;a- 
B'bce h AapKe, HMaMO y Te$Tep« 3a xn.m.io rporaa, a bh 
roBopnxe, HeKa khtho MeTHH 8 h . . . . ti>. 3aT0 h;imt. bctb 
ataco h ne i iajL AocbMpbTH, ne 3HaM0 saniTO cl lunin so- 
niT'B're Aa 8 «3B» s.rbe're, AocaAu w OBoro Hanaro Hamero 



174 CI'UCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 

Hapo/ia hhti e 6em niTT/ra hh bcahkoh nepKBH hh kohm'b 
B./uiAHKaM'L, a fi> kohx'l HMeext ihtt»t8 ohh HMeio 6jiaroc;io- 
BeHie S Baci>. a HacB xoniT'tTe ka'Itk to fl,iAO p,& bhah 
npaBeAHH c«Aia cmht> 6omfi, a nowo nac r L noHocHrfc no cb1>t8 
h nop8 i i8e r re no yno^exB r re Haan> HeBao6pa3HTi iaina imbs. 
Mh xsah Ha^aMocfe (5 Bact npHiesaTH OHcama iihi'btht'Bjil- 
Haro /i,a Haci, uhuhtt, KaKO KeMO TpBn&TH iipnxoAt.wTaa, a 

MH 8 OBO BpliMe TeJKKOe HeCMieMO H3HTB H3T> AOMOBB CBOHXL 
H npHTH Kb nepKBB EAE K8HHTH HOTp'tO'Haa , Hero 8 ptflKO h 

c r i> crpaxoMb , bh ace npt/rHTe Haaib k./tltboio , Hepa3»M'tBinn 
KaKO e n ito e dito CTb 1 man HdHHaM ecTt ear me. — 

Ilpoqee x ito Aa peie»n> , MHoro Maro^axcoM'i. npe^t cbihto- 
3apHHMi> th AEB,GWh , o6ane r./iaro.ieM'b w 60.TB3HH cpAna , hb 
npocTn hh 6ora pa^n, Hie BpiMeHa, cBaKora tfecfeAe npn- 

MaTt HH TpaSKHTH, HB J\,& UOV^lGTb RSLCb np'BMH.flOCTHBH BJia- 

AHKa XpncTOCB to rHi€Ba rocnoA'cTB8R>niTHXb Ha^' HaMH, h 

MO^HMCB 6jiaJKenCTB8 TH 8T0./LH THieBt H HOHMH HaMT> BT>IHT> 

8TT»mHTejiHoe uncaBie h npocTH ewl , h cBi€TBie th h cBiaTH- 

Te^lBCKie M0./1HTBH CB HaMH. 

MHororpiniHH padn h neAa Baraa , CnHOBe nepKBH capaeBa. 

15. r'n-e-MH* h^h ht>chh no'xBa'jiHie cb>6op8 n.epKB'B 

capaeBCKie, h n'xaie EpaHirpaHicie — Bcii 

ciaBa Ani'repe napeBH 0)A8meBJieHHie nepKBH 

capaeBCKie BH8TpK)A8 gctb. — 

B. B-B TPOHD.U 60iKe CBflTiU 

Mo^UTBeHin ii npentTiu 
c. CaaBa xe6t B'3Aa 6kah 

K' cnacemio BtpmSxi. awaiu 
a. IaKO no tbogS cbstoS bo/iii 

XpiicriaHH ecs B's^a 6o.mi 
c. C/iaBa TBoa bt> bhx cuieTt 

H bt. poA'B h poAt nptGiiBaexi. 
a. Aio&h'r'h Te6e Bora TBopua 

(0 bclto npaBa BtpHa cepAna 
a. A Hafraaie CaoBeHB Cplotiii 

Kofi c« HHHt isko po6./m 



CPHCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 1 7 5 

b. Bt. arapeHCKoli Tasmoft Bjacm 

Bern, Mor«TBCTBa h rkoctu 
a. A.m AptajeT 7 Btps xpucriaHCBS 

HeHaBiiAeT^ ate noraHCtcs 
A. Aa Hauna^e cbGopT. c.iaBHii 

H bt. xpucxiaHexB n.iSpaHHii 
i|i. l|Jo ce 30bxtt. capaeBCKifl 

Bt. hcmt. ate xpant ecu, Apxarre.icKiii 
e. €roate cjsato'a a npaBiwo 

Bt. bohh) Bora kiko KaAn.io 
p. Pa3/niKHeTT> 60 Kpe'A^aMii 

Iano AaHiina aieatAS SBTi3AaMu — 
e. CcTb 60 npe^T. ero AnBHii 

6,UIHCTBOMT. B'3Aa MUpHifi 
B,. D,epKOBI, CBOK) IipiICHO Kpa'ct.'TT. 

H bt, b*cb ahh c,i«jk6s r.iacBTT. 

a. Apxiepera 60 cefrfe bmstt, 

Ct, hhht, ate xpncriaHCKH jkdbbtt. 
p. Pa38Mnt ce ct. hiimt. B./iaA'EioTT. 

H bt, Bt'pe BeC.ia6TlE)TT. 
6. €lDTe HMT. C8TT. TaKOBB 1IIHII 

Bl (12) iimstt. n;epKOBHie cnHn (12 q.iaHOBai 

b. Bt. Ai^exB aepKOBHiixb BBAaTCiic 

Tpooa ate rocnoAHia noK.aoHnTe.flie 
h. Hate scTaBb n'pKBB xpaHeTL 

H ff) ca6aa3HOBL CT.o'opi, (JpaHBTt 
(0. (OomTH news bcbmt. aie^aiOTT. 

H pa38MHO BCBMT, TBOpeTB 

A. A a er Aa ct,A8TT. Ben CT,6opH'B 

Cl apxiepeoan, cboumt. cioaiHB 
8. JjBeAem ecri. Be.rh c.iaBHo 

Kaito cBAeiT. Kparoan, cxaBHO 
in. LIIsmi, 11.111 bt,ii.ilt8 iiec.iiiiniDiT. (no.ieTy) 

H' pa3roBopT. 11 cbbtt. 8Tiniia"iu. 
e. €cti> BHA'tin T8 6o.dapt> 

A-'ibroTOK) atii3Hii crape 

B. BT> 1LCTHO yiTJTHOfi CTIAHHU 

B,B'hTah)mT>;e; i»ko upifinf 
a. A'hnoTiniMii ace ntpcoHaMH 

H daarHMH npHpoAaMH 
e. 6ahh ct. AP8111M1, ApaieTcb 

H B'b B']iHT.B;T, U,epKBlI ll.vllTKTCTi 

H. H' 11 nopoAT' nxi, ii3pl.,uiiii 

Hiiiiim'l ate ecTi. nor.j' i..i niii 
h. Hobo u"bt8ti. mto ijwiiiii.-ii 

\h, CT.0opnoii iix'i. n:topaniii 



170 CmCKE CTAPHHE 113 KOCHE 

u. H wito KeApn kmhojeghii 

H BT> uepKBii HacaJKA^HHS 
6. CrAa 60 uepKOBHO npn"A'£T'& BpBine 

I!i. caicB noBp'jKerB cBoe a^/io 

U. I^epiCBH TilKKTT, KKO fi^ieHHIl 

CTpse BOAHie B'jKAe./rBHii 
e - €auh'i» Apsraro npeABapraen. 

Af()60Bb HcpKBII IIOKaSKeT'h 
P- P»U;e IIM55TT. HOAaT^lHBt, 

II o6ma,e mimoctiibI; 
k. KhIT.IIO TBOptTT. He6ecH8K> 

C' npaBAOKt ace KHn.uo 3eM'H8io 
B - Bt> b'cbxt. M»Apt. CTpoeTcfc 

H Bora npncHo SoeTcb 
n. H TaKOBiixB paAn oSimiixi, 

H BB eAHHCTBt IIXTj ucnpaB^KHiH 

c. CUaBHO Hie ceSt mian. 

H b' MHornxt MtcTexL CAiimvice 
a. ABpaiicKoio BBpoio — — 

II CTpaHo./iio6ia ailrpoio — — 

p. PeiDTII 'Me B'caKOMS aoctoiitb 

H npncHo cie /uibt. cnaerL (?). — 

a. ApxncTpaTBffie Miixan.ie 

H B'cECflaBmi raBpiMe 
e. 6rAa Tpoimu upeACioiiTe 

H TpiICBflTKK) niCHB HOSTE 

b. Bt,iuh aepKOBb He3a6«AHTe 

H' o Henae MOJinTe 
c - Ci xpamiTeio HeBptAUMB 

H b% Btpe He3ii6yieM« 
k. Kpn^ia Baina Aa orpaAen. k> 

H (3 BparoBt Aa oSpaHBTt 10 
u. HjKe niie Barae c/iaBnTL 

Aa ce (5 BparoBi HenocpaMHTi 
e - fics 6o cia Bama A^a 

Hii3./]OffieHie MHqnTB.iia 
b. Bama 60 ciLia caTaHs 6ieTt 

H noAt HoraMu BtctrAa neptTB 
h. HeTp'nnT5o Banieis KptnocTn 

H' KpieTCB Bt nponacra 
8 - ft noA3eMHaro Tasma aAa 

H A^ffie eM8 hbctt, (BpaAa 

T. TorO pHKKX HaC7> TI36aBIirE 

H bi Mnpi CBxpamiTB 
p. Pa6cKn k' BaMt npnCtraeMB 

H HaAeatAS B'syiaraeMt 



CPnCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 177 

K. E)aee bcetviocti. nneeTe 

To e n HacB cnoAO^HTii 

A- Aa CT. BaMII KKI1HO ZlHK»eMl 

H bl Tpoumi Bora noeMT> 
«. # eroae gcti> uaurb c/iaAOCTh 

H 6e3KOHeqHaia paAOCTt 
e. 6e JKe no.iKHiiTii Ghah bcemt. 

xpiicTi Hcsci rocnoAt Haineiit 
c. CmiMt ace oms u a«xk ciaBa , 

HbcTi. u noK^oHi> ii APH:aBa 
t. TaKOBiixi paAH ero AoGpoAiTeyiii 

H Himia n bt> b'Iikii BtKOB^ aMimi.. — — 

Cie Ph#mh nocAann Ha'ait 6nrae — © Bncapi©Ha /i,a- 
CEajia naipiapxa cpbtfcKaro KHpt Moiiceitx. - Aiw © po- 
jKAecTBa XpHCTOBa ^a^kb (1722). — 

16. ^LeTonncau. 

„ 1682 Maia mecena 26 Ba neTaKi no cnacoBS AHe npBn 
AaHT) Aa ce 3Ha KaKO AOhome ceAraHH (ce&ann) raio c« ©ko 
CapaeBa , Aoiioiue « mtecTO » MexneaiH n 3aTBopnme qapmiro 
n HApnme Ha MexheMtf h aonme Mhaah h Hanna n pascsrae 
MexheMH n nonxrMHme CBe nrro th Hakome h pastfume » Mte- 
ct« A- K«tie lasnncKe. H to jieTo npH^e Te^THmi 3a Mhaah 
fi> napa Kanaqn (JjpeHKi AcaH-ara n H3e (5 CapaeBa rAo6s 
en. (250) Keca acnpn h ce6n ue. Keca h mhaahhoh heu.ii Ae. 

H CBOHMT. MAahHM K. II HO, H TO » CBaKOH KeCH BO <J>. apc.ia- 

Hi'a a no AeBeAece r n> xnAiAAa acnpn, n nor»6n ceaniHa ,V'- h 
nocAa h H,apnrpaAT> k. ceAK\Ha. H to AeTO Aohe nama 6o- 
caHCKH An/i,apT. nama n 83e Keca a. (30) (ft CapaeBa . ii h 
to Aa^e MaxaAa .aaTHHCEa ak. sece n ai,m Taiipo wad 2 ii 
no « ao6h hct«, r raKO .Aa ce 3Ha." 

„ 1 686- Cie at>to Ba3eme HeMnn Bwahm'l © THpaua." 
„ 1 690. Bhcti. rAaA r i> Tenmanmn nraennne Mepa no acnpn 
r-e-i — xHAH\Aa to e ©Ka p. acnpn, Bima ©Ba u, paKie 
©iu pM , rpaxa ©Ba pn , aho ©sa pA. ncca ©Ba pn. capa 
©ita pv. K\6wKa ©Ba pn , Jt'eAa ©Ka c, macjia u»iiia \, nn- 
piniMa ©Ka pii , aokv pn . II to AeTO twine MGAOBt.nn mcco 

1'jACunK XXXVIII. i 2 



178 CPIICKB CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 

nacB6 ii 'L'lOBeuacKoe h kohcko h MHora He i iin t;i . t«*iko Heita 
ce 3HaAe." 

„ 1698. Bum, Miqn, ca HeMHH h ca 3. Kpa^iiA h aapeait 

TKpcKHM'I. Ha KapJ10BH8." 

„ 1 7 ] 0. KaKO nohc TapnHHT. na MocKOBa h to yiexo uaq- 
liuiiie TypiiH n,pHU rop» AxMei'L iiama Ulamiayiia pi ao ^e r ra 
ABa naKH iweHHiiie T8pnn L,pii8 Topn h ao .aeTa xpa iiaaii 
iMeHHiiie I^pHH Tops "Rsnpn^ahL OcMan nama h AxMei'T. naina 
ULimiayiia h MHoro 3Jio caTBopnme xpHCTiaHOMt." 

,,1714. ILieHHiiie Tapun U^thhb n BpiiHKS Ha oAepn 
(?) h MHore A«me xpncriaHCKe nopo6nme h H3ceKorae. Tor^a 
h to ./ieTO 83eme Ha BepH h Mopnir k& (24) KaAH./i8Ka se- 
M^e h MHore rpaAOBe h AHa/i,o./iiH rpaAT, Be./iHKH h MHore A«me 
nooame h nopooHiue xpHcriaHe h BejiHKa 3jia caTBopnrae npo- 
EJieTH arapamr." 

17. Be^eniKe o Ayry cpncrce naTpnjapmnje. 

(y 3anicHHKy npoeHOM) : ,,1759. ABrscra 3. 3HaTH ce 
niTO ce xapim h Aae komg : npBO Aa cmo na-rpHjapxa Unpn./ia 
HeAe./bK» 8 a&vswb narpiapxa cb HtroBOMi KH.nroMT> rpoma 
200 h HeAe.'bKS 3a xapnt rpoma nerL. Here roAHHe oaTa- 
jincHo ^a He83HMaro K8Ji«Mie cBJiAtJapime h noxapnncMO 
rpoma 70." — 

;; Ha BeAoiocTL npecTaB^iUMO BacaKOMH i ihh» h Bospacrs 
kom8 6h npncTOHHO om/io BHAeTH obo Hame nncMO KaKO mh 
HHate HOAHicaHH no pa^n omnia ro crapHHCKaKo A^'ra naTpiap- 
xie cp'6cKie IleKH 8 I^apnrpaAtf daBraaro aojukho HpoTO 
5|fa^T8 cBflThHLuie KOHcraHTHHonojicKie upEBe anpi, IIaHai©T8: 
Toro paAH 3a oa-mhth , y3e cmo 8 Ooaui 3an\Mi oat> rocno- 
AapOBL nofflTeHH cHHOBa cb : npKBe capaeBCKie xaara TpnnBa 
JoBaHOBnha h xaffiH 4,aijaHa ApHa«TOBHha h khp*l Heipa 
JoBaHOBHha hothsho rpoma 1700 har neTi> cTOTHHa A} r Ka r ra. 
Toro pa,AH Ba AaxoMT> hmt> rocnoAapcTBiaMt cie Hame hhcmo 
dojmaro paAH Bepocria h tomb poKt craBH cmo 3a toahhs 



CPnCKE CTAPIIHE 113 BOCHE 179 

/Uihrx Aa Mb HMaMO BpaTiiTU n .'ieno Basu.iaroAapirrH. 1 ) Ce 
ate Ciflcrh sAoc.TOBepHH eip h cBHAeieM. CeKTeidpa 9. Atia 
1729. aaxo « CapaeBU. 

A3 r L na'rpHJapxb cpncKH ApceHie (M. II.) 
Mejieiie docaHCKH Binne nicaTOMb eiaijb (M. H.) 
ABKceHTie xepijeroBaiKH Bnme nncaTOM eMaip (M. II.) 

18. YcraB capajeBCKe u,pKBe Kora je nponncao lo. 

MapTa 1734. roA- naTpajapx cpncKB 

ApceHHJe IV. 

„IIoHeate o6n i iaii CTapoBptmeHiH ecTL, npeaiAe HacL 6hb- 
ninxL bb 6^aateHie namtTH ycanmnxb na r rpiapxoBi. cpbdocaa- 

BeHCKHXb, y HeKO.lBKO A'h'T'b H3HTH H IIpOXOAHTH CBOIO BorOML 
Bl>pH l ieHHBIO IlaCTbBV CAOBeCHHXb OBbU,b XpHCTOBH BbCTO 1 ?- 

Haro npaBociaBiraxb. Cnn,e n MipHOCTH Hameft no Bb3BbA6Hiu 
na cBiM-BiiiDH nptcrojib cpdoc^aBeHCKaro naTpmpiiiecT"Ba nse 
B'Topnuero npinAoxoMb bt> npeA'kflB tfocaaVKie bi. BoroMb 
xpaHHMoe TpbaiBinTHoe Micro CapaeBO, r'Ae Han, ca ycp'- 
Aieaib h .no6oBiio npHMOH Ao6popoA'HH cbhobh cBaiie b;p'k'bl] 
capaeB'citie ca BaseMb HapoAoib npaBOCJiaB'HiiM'b © homi. no- 
nptMHor8 djiaroAap'ci'BBeMO hmb. Ed'sia 6o WBiiuie u;nii, 
TecTaineHTe npeiKAO Hac dnBoinxb naTpimpKOBb u Murpono- 

nO-lHTOBb M'kYHHXb, H yBeAOXOMb IftKOJKe CH JIMb \ "1 " I'.* } H >, ;il .111 

h 3aBexb no^oatH^H c5 caAp'aaHH n cacTOiaHH bpkobhom 
EnnTpoMi. ee n (o cBUViirrenHiiuexb n npoyeiub n Ba ca Aoopaa 
h no,ie3Haa c8abxomb,hmh BAacrifo Hameio naTpmp'xnc'Koio 
noAbT'BpbjK'Aseiib. tirtoVie 6oatiiMb H3BOMHnieMb n tp«aomi> n 
HacTaniHieMb chhobb hpi.kobhb h Ba cero HapoAa - xpn- 
CTiiUHc'itaro 3ao csmTar©, n ii3i5o^itHHieMi> n caMacieMB lipeo- 
CBininTeHHaro rocnoAinia Mirrpono-iirra 11x1. arl'.miaru bt> it.'.itI.mi. 
AHxcb cJpaT.i HJiMb jiio6o3Haro roccoAiina MejieTira, cas'fla |;l 
6ncTb HOBara CBiHTaui u,pi>KOBb Ba comi. nicTe, AOMb chmtiixi. 



') Obh cy nnBii.il AOijHBJe fotobo cbii iicii.ialii'iiu. RpenHcai. 



]80 CPnCKB CTA1MIHE 113 BOCHB 

apxncTpaTHroBL Mnxanjia ii raBpoa no coucrBHioinTeMH hh- 

ir]'.IIIHI€ll» HHJK'AHOMH BpOM'liHtf. IW Be.1HKHMJ. TpOBIKOMb H 

HiKAHBeHieMt h noRb RAhTb np'KOBb noAna./ia , a bomoiutb (5 
npaBoc^aB'HHXL yMajiHyia ce B^c'ia, h cero paAn Tero6a 
n'LaAo6b'cHOCHMa 3pHTct> Bp'xa chhobi. bj'p'kob'hhxb n He- 
MorHliH a,hak o6'/i,phffiaBaTH ce Ba cjiHiKeHiil. H npourreHie 
npocurae («) Ba cexi. bl eate 6h hxi> rn'mnumi , a unie H3- 
6\}hae w napo^a bl Enn r rpone ijp'KOBHie. Y6o yc/iHinaBinn to 
HapoAB, a6ie Bb38HHHie eAHHOiviacHO ihko bahhhmh ycrn r.ia- 
ro^roniTe : mh MeatA** HaMH w HapoAa Ba to c/iHateHie o6pecrH 
H'tMoaieMo itiKoaie Bacb n nepium cbuxtou CbaroBepHie n Ha- 
poA'B 3acT8naroniTie , h Bacb mo^hjio h 3aKTHBaMO h xoniTeMO 
KaKo fl,o HHHia, TaKO h Ba HanpfeAb npocHMO ^a 6»AeT'fc h 
mh BbCH (onnrre ca Bain scmh, Aa ate ro Kanjii€ KpbBH Bacb 
H3bAaTH HeKeMO hh cBoero HM'BHim nonrr'BAeTH. Aiu-re ae g> 
koto KaKOBa G>6nAa cbhtoh npbKBH h BaMb bctb hvbhtc HaMb, 
h mh Ha odnAeiHTaro bh ca BaMH 86Aho 6vj\em. Gurre mo- 
.abmo n rocnoAHHa (L/iaateHHeHHiaro naxpimpxa Aa g>6'hobh h 
yT'Bp'/i,H cTapoBp'bMeHHH o6Hqaii , h KyieTBoio saHJuo^H bb 
eaie caApbMTHCE h HeBpeAHMB 6hth cTaposaBeTHOMH ftcraBS. 

Ha CHXb 60 WBeib HapoAHH h mo^i'6« ohihth nptAaAomb 
ce Ha xo'reHie h bo.uo nama h ©ninxe HapoAHK) npomtHiio 
noA'^erome peieHHH enHTponfi h'p'kob'hh , 6hth hmb raKoate h 
AO HHHHia. TViiio npocHmt npHjieamo no nxb npeA-floaieHHOMH 
nnc'aiy, Aa ce yr'Bp'AH Ha /l,eceTb caovl mh th h«hktobb 
AO^iHnucaHii. To e : 

np'BO : Bb npHoroqaioHiTHXb ce Bimxexb h c/iHas6axb imo 
HP'kobhhxb cnne h Bb cexb HapoAHH npn nop'Ta Bp'xa Hacb 
BJiaAaTe^'cTBHioraTHXb jiiodo 3a kotoph n k\kobh nocioBb Ma^in 
h Be^iBKH, Aa 6»AeTb HapoAb Ba ch (onmTe ca HaMH y ca- 
r./iaciio h AoroBopH n AaBaaio (OKpOMb BacaKaro H3'BT>Ta h 
^HHeMepin , hh BayeMb Hacb ne H3AaTH, rciKoate h cbh w6e- 
mTaBaio ce npA-aojKeHHHMb nncMOMb cbohmb , 3a cbathk) n,'p'- 

KOBT) H 3a dOHHITa HO./lb3H. — 



CPHCKE CTAPUHE H3 BOCHE 181 

BTopo: CBKunTeHHnnn Koiopn ce nocTaBH a h'p'kob'hh 
c.i»ai(>» n npaBHjio, Aa maio 6e3b ,/ieHOCTn no Bacexb Ann 
Hcno,ifcHit\TH n Hapo,a,» npaBHJio n 3aKOHHO cBKMnieBHa caB'p'- 
innBaTH no AC-Mex^ n HH'Ae Ha BacaKOML ciecT'B ta'b 6e ce 
no3Ba^n, a n He3'BaHH n-Bcro Kpa'r'HO Aa nocemTHio Acoie 
xpncTirxH'c'Ke h no« i iaBaio , KaKO crapie rauo n Myia^ie odoero 
no;i«, no Hc'TaBH n np^AaHiio cb3thxl Anocxo.ib n cbhthxl 
otbb KiKo^e caA'p'aiH cBflTam MaTH ne'pKOBb BacTo i iHar\, hto 
6h KpenKo n H'tnoKOjiednio ctAp'aiaBa^n ce cBoe npaBoc/iaB'- 
Hie Btpe , n rpexa ce 8KJiaHii\^n , n f;pernijaH'cT ? Ba n hho- 
Bip'cT'Ba cb nSBayin, n hokop'ct'bo n noBnHOBeHie cBonurb 
poAHTe.ii€Mi, hmIih Ba ceib , n Ka Baceaib ^k»6obb bmLiii . n 
cBapa n k\3bh AOManmie ctd^roAayinc't , n cipaxt dosKii n na- 
Mei'b cMep'raaio bt> cerAa Ba saie cbobmb woHOcn.m. 

Tperie: CBruiiTennnH no carjiaciio n pacHSA<?mio aiecT- 
Haro rocnoAHHa MHTpono^inTa ch chhobu nep'KOBHn Aa ce 
noc'TaB^WH) a c/iHaid», Koiopn chtb bb cbhtomb nncaHin uc- 

E8CHH H pa38M0ML H CJiepeHieMb naB'THWniTHXb, n MGHvA« 

apxiepeoMb n cnHOBb u'p'kobhh n HapoAb pa'cnpn n R3bh 
HeBaHoceraTHXb , n amTe ae ce KOTopnBa TOMb uxBHTb, Aa n::'- 
Bp'^e'r' ce chjrah, kiko teeae »ai> & xejia nep'KBn xpncroBH. 

neT'Bp'xo : %o <i) AOXOAaKb cBiaraTeHHHiaHCKH yqimb 6n 
roAb 6eao h nisa 8 TOMb j\eAb cBofi nep'KOBb , to noBejie- 
xoMb cBitxmTeHHnnn no ce6e Aa He npmiaio 6e3i. cnHOBb u,ep- 
kobhhx'b koh ce A'tcn, eae th mkeiq 6e3b Hpeat'AeHmi Eon- 
capxb nepKOBHiixi) Ha aeAHo n 3aeAHO Aa npnaiaio u noTOMb 
Aa pa3Aeiie nonpaBAn , iHKoate c» n np'BH Bt tiAaxeme na- 
aie™ naTpitapcn h apxiepen speAiMn n ht'bp'aimh iweTBoio. 

IleTo, co HapoAa eae Mecr'Haro hah nocea'cKaro KOiopu 

6E E^EOAQO KOR) MfMOCTHHlO AIQ60 Ba HeMb CBJlTOll nep'KBn 

AapoBam 3a cboh cnoMem. , Aa He dn hii iiu 6AHHOML h;i<iuh8 
CBiMiiTeHuinui to Tora HapoAb fita'paha/in n;i cboh) CTpaHH ie- 
rjieKn Aa onn K3mh , KaKo no c» hckii to miiuuu . n AO^e- 
KHBajin napoAb no a.iiina mexep'cirii, n uoce.mxi. , roBopeta 



182 CPnCKE CTAPHHB II3 boche 

MMb : MM C./18JKHM0 E H0MHHI6M0 , HO fl,M HaMb , — KaKO C8 

h<im h MHorn (0 HapoAa CKa3ajm ca cBeAe r re./i'cTBOMb , Aa C8 
AaiuuM hmi. — hohobomb Ha nine nep'KOBHo. a h'p'kbh me 
Aoxoah.'Io , ii to Ba ee KOHawHO HCTped'-ziioeMo , h KO'ropn 6n 
ce ft) HHHia o6peft) 8 tomb , Aa 6xj\vn> (taiein. H3b CA\sm6e 
E[ep'KOBHe ii x iHHa CBoero cBuxnrreHHHMaHCKaro. 

inecTo : CBraiirreHHimH ft) eAHe roAHHe Aa Hec/mEeTi Biime 
uep'KBH m HapoA»: ho Aa ce Hs'MeHSio. (?) Obomb npn;iHKOMb 
KorAa hmb roAHHa 6«Ae H3alin , mecr'HH rocnoAHHB MH-rpono- 

yiHTB A'l HpH30Be CHH03e n'p'KOBHe H Ca HHMH CaBCTB H J\0- 

roBopB Aa caTBope ft) tom , h Koe caBeTOMb cohbithmb ns'Hahio 
Te Aft npH30B8 h nocraBe . aKo ae u\mjiE i iEO Hanio h ft) np'Be 
naK Aa 8peAe, a 6e3b carviaciift ftwnrraro Aa ce nesia me- 

AaHB HOCTaBHTH. 

ceAMO : IIIto e A^'atna h.'p'kobb roAnnme capaHAape od'- 

AP 'jOBaTB XpICTitiXHOMB SKHBHMb E HCaniHHMb K0H C8 A.&AE Ha- 

npeAB , 8 tomb KaKO pa38MexoMB AOcaAB ecrB 6hjio HaiiBnuie 
no neTi, HMeHa , a caAfc HMeHa noBHrae , a TponiKa np'KBeHnx 
KaKO Koe roAHHe cBe Bninme, 3a r ro c'AoroBOpoMb oohhithmb 
npHyimiHo C8AHX0MB cBKiiHTeHHHKOML Aa ce Aae ft) u,ep'KBe Ha 
CBaKO HMe ABa rpoma, a BHrae hh acnpax , ys'poKOMB 
TponiKa u,ep'KOBHaro , Aa dn uomobb do-zfina 6n^a n/p'on. 
G)cmo : JUto e dno 8CTaB'./LbeHb odH i iaii CTapoB'pe'MeHHH ft) 

CBflTOMb Hpa3AHHK8 Po^KAec'TBa XpHCTOBa H ft) CBeT^OMb 

Bbc'Kpecemio xpnc r roB8 AaBa-ni Aapb eae th nein'Kenib ro- 
cnoAH no nop'Taxb Kaito ecTb abjkhoctl h AaBaate h ho 
r'p'qaH'cKHMb h dji'rapc'KHXb cTpaHaxb, hito cmo caMOBHAHH 
6eae , a Toro paAH ease 6h mhpho xpncriaHOMb Tp'macTBoBaTfi 
h npenpoBOAHTH cBe'rie npas'HHKH, a to e HapoAb 3AeniHH h 
npeaiAe 6hbhihxb j^mmAE 6eae e oueKOMb 8 r ra Aapb cbda- 
pa.m ft) aomob'hhxb to gctl ft) 0JKeH»€HH no acnpax q»p8K/b 
(noKBapennx n.in Man,e Baatehnx) , neT'AeceTb , a ft) dekapa 
no acnpnxb ABaAeceTb ne r rb , h Toe cBaKb cBoe Mafeao de3'- 
pe i iM, a caAB yaeMo Aa gahh n.iaKaro a AptfrncT. HHaTi n 



CPHCKE CTAPHHE 113 BOCHE 183 

He Aaw, ho HeAocTa'ra^Ha n'p'KBa m/ianm h mreTa e nj'p- 
kbh. 3aTO © HHHia koh 6h npoTHBio ce h hb6h xoreo AaTH, 
Aa M8 de npocro hh (faarocioBeirao , ho Aae fiusieHB n 
H'p'KBe 6oatie, h bt>hb Aa 6«A6tb © 3aKOHa n HapoAa xpn- 
CTiaHCKaro , AOH'Aeate bb noKai&Hie npiiiAe. 

AeBeio : Anne 6h kotoph eae ©chhobb nep'KOBHnxb ham 

© HapOHHTH XpiCTiaHb BB HapOAB , A¥)6o Ba KaKOBOU BHHHH 
©6pe© ce, EAE D.e'pKBH EAE TH C8npOTB TOCHOAnUB MHTpO- 
HO^HTB 6e3B BeAOMOCTH CHHOBb U.pKBeHHX'b H C8Aa (OHIHTarO H 

noc»Ae , conniTeMB cb cBeAe r re./iH AocTOBepHHXb , EaniTHrs npa- 

bhjihs a^ npHMH h hob: cede noA'-floatn , a 6e'3b c«Aa h cb^ab- 

tgam , Aa ce Heaia yHnqnatHTH no ©KaeBfrraHiH) HenpaBeAHOMH. 

AeceTo: KlKoate apsb'hhx'b otoafi sctb Aa chtl no nn- 

CAX CHHOBB ne'p'KOBHHXB AB a Ha A e CeTB , HHHia 60 6AHHH 

np'bcTaBH^n ce hxb ate Borb Aa bhokohtte* h bb ceaemaxB 
npaBeA'HH BacejiHTb , 3a r ro © HapoAa Aa 6n ere Hapeon Koe 

BH HBBOJIHTe BB HCHJlbHI€Hie ABtfHaAeceTH. 

HaAL. Ba ceMH ate chmh ptneHHHMb , anrre 6n ce © chhobb 
HepKOBHHXb , hjih © HapoAa ©nniTaro Koxopn Ba Meaib npo- 

THBaHb K\Bi© rOCUOAHHH MeCT'HOMH MHTpon(WlHT8 H.1H TH H,pKBH 
CBflTOH H^IH CBI!\mTeHHKOMB, MAM CBKUIITeHHHH CHHOBOMB lie'] ^KOB - 
HHMb H Uep'KBH H HapOA«, MAE 6m MHTpOHO-zlHTb ©6hA» KOIO 6e3b 

npaBAH kom8 caTBopiub h 6e3b c»Aa h CBMacia cuhobb upKBe- 

HHX H He MOrVlH 6H MeatAH C060K) CHA^ CaTBOpHTH II HCIIpaBHTH 

ce, to mic'MOMb ©nniTHMb mKoate aoctoAho 11 npaBe'AHo bctb 

IViaBH Hep'ROBHOH IiaTpiapXH Cp60CJiaBeHCK0M8 H CBJITOM8 nl- 

6op8 Aa npeA^oatHTe na pacsatAeme hxb ii npaBeA'HOCTB. 
H ce npeA/iaateMo Kaso tochoahhs mhtpoho.iii T8 TaKO n 

BaMb CHHOBOMB H,epKOBHHMb 6rAa OHCT'b KOTOplI raiU'Tl. ranim 
HMtn/lH MAM BH CBH.VB Ca CBOIIM MIITpOUU/lim.iMI. 11.1)1111 ©CO()b 

MeatAH C06010 6e3b MHTpono.iHTa , h Ta coBeTB u pem. H3 , ~ 
Mehio Baci> Koro Ha no.iie j\n Henuafie mi Aa Baste koh roms 
hiiomh Aa Hie npocro hh <Maroc./iOBeHHO , hh cbohmi. cpoa'hhmb 

H AOMaill'llHMb HH u.lir.K'llllMI. II IT A 10 U OT'H H M b , IUiatO lWlMb ca- 



184 CPnCKB CTAI'IIHE 113 BOCHE 

mhmb hm m6Ct'homb MHTpono.iiiTH , no fifi'mA CftBeTOBaCTe n 
HAeate trmo h Aa ©craHe , ©KpoMB uto ©minimi. car'aacieiiB 
na'peierb ah ce rbh Ap«ro hhti'o hh npeA'KHMB, a njEe dn 

Ap'3'H80 HHOMB KOMI. IHBHTH TaHH8 ©IiniT8 , OHJIKOBH A'd 68- 

Aen. upooeTi. h TpniueTL © BocnoAa Bora BaceApBffiHTeAtt 
n © nptacie BoropoAHue h fi BacexB cbsthxb. 

CauncaTO h a»to cie hhcmo ciihobomb CBarie Hepon BoroMB 
xpaHHMaro M'bcra CapaeBa bb a4t8 rocnoAHe r«|MLj( (1734) 
MapTii r*i Ba HCTHHoe KT'Bp'jKAeme h Be^Hoe cafaroAeHie. 

(M. n.) 

y ne^a'ry HaoEo^a: „Ap'ceHi8 no B. M. ApxienncKOHB IleK'- 
ckh h Been Cep6in h B^'rapin n Bcero H.MHpHKa IlaTpiapxB", 
(Kao iuto je onncaH y TjiacBHKy CpncKor yqeHor Apyini'Ba). 

19. IIhcmo OHoronrror KanHhn6ame MHiponojinTy 
xepu,eroBanKOM JepeMHJH. 

„roAHBe 1219. Mecena ffladasa 3-r. 

A./iH-Pfl3a chbb MexMeA'B (y ne^aTy). 
Kannhn6araa rpaAa (OHorora r re (6^H3y HnKinnha) rocno- 

AapT) BafflTb EpuerOBHtiKOM8 H 3aX0./lMHCK0M8 MHTp0H0.flHT8 MOeM8 

AOCT8 KHpT> EpeMHH ma./i'EM'B npiaie^cKH nosApaBB.. Ebo Me- 
cena C8 mecB oko MeHe qecTHTH ijapt ©npein 8 ©bh rpaA"B 
H3paAt pae. Mhofo C8 n8Ta Be3npn hco-ah Aa h3ha© KannhH- 
6aina Ha ©Be crpane h ©at. BeTxa (({teTa) ao A^Hac He Aote 
KanntiHia 8 Epu,eroBHH8 ao k\ caAe , no moji6h na'rpHRpxoBOH 
ki caMi> noc/iaHi. KaKO h bh 3HaTe h ao AaHaci. HnecairB pain 
eAHora raaiiapa 8ApH© nspaA'B napa n naTpntupa KaKO h bh 
3Haie 03ajia e Baaia pania, a ©Bnaia TapnnMa H3paAH pae 
h E8he caMi. pa38pn© h pacfcepao no rpaAOBHMa h no 8caT8 
(?) h 83eo HHxoBe nape h xn3Me r rB nope3a© Ha Tapne , a pan 
He AocaAH© hhmhm'b KaKO h bh n8e r re naK ca^e pania ©ab 
MeHe ©6paiHJia iviaB8 a Ap8JKH ce 3'6epAHMa He3HaMB urra 
6n ear e HHMa HeBepa ©MH^e^a. hjih HeAa rocnoAa Aa c8 
caMHOMi no napeBon 3anoBeAH. 3aT0 ma./ieM'B BaMH mod 68- 



CPUCKE CTAP1IHE U3 BOCHE 185 

p8.iriio j\n Aotexe bh B^aAflKo ofce et» HaMa n mens panwMt 
Basin e pania ooat, uapa p,rt!l Aa bh BHAHTe hito e sieka 
mhomi n Mehs panooMt 'rect (cKopo) xoAHTe ano ct> panfflMi 

©T8Aa 8yie3H 8 WB8 HaXHH) Te BHAH DITO Ce paflH HclKT) AOtiH 

8 rpaAt aKo ohemi. aKO ar Hehenrt aoIih 8 rpaAt mh heio 
kt> xe6n H3ntiH 8 Haxiiio Aa wbo bhahmo eheiio nncaTH Ae- 
B/ieT8 Ha coHe ./i8Ae (.tyAe) tine e 3./10 ho Teci> Aa en aaio 
noli aoct8 aKO HeheTe Aokn pan tie M8yHO 6hth 3ancro tomb 
TapHH paAe h panne 3;io 6hth aKO bh HeKeie AOhH aaio caAe." 

20. Ehcmo CHHaH-name Mnrpono-OTy 
xepneroBaqKOM JepeMnjn. 
„CnHaH-nama 

8 TaC.lHhH (II.BeB.LHMa). 

fla 3Hann> MHTpono^Hie n th naKOHe KaKO cie Aoc-ienB 
npaBo HSMeTi i ihhh^h Tapnnjia TaKo h g> ce^ie idto 6o;ie mo- 
mwb h npaBo h 3ApaBO n3MeTT> HecTHT0M8 nap8 h Be3np8 
sqnHHTe HeKa e c Barae cTpane no3ApaBO h HMraajia ne h 
Baia yineno 6hth h g>at> Be3Hpa h MA, r b Haci> n CsMHMaHh 
nara» Ao6po ciBmaifTe kojihko h aieHe to e Haaia CBe'AHO h 
hito ce xaMo paAH cBe HaMt ttTnnninTe nrro npne Moateie h 
Aa cie 3ApaBO n Bece./io." 

(HaTHHc) h ^,aTH ce rocnoAHH8 Mhtpohojiht8 Epeiin 

8 p8Ke." 

- 

21. Ehciio CHHan-name hctom MHTpono.inTy. 

.,CnHaH-nama n Ahn-6er. 

8 Tai.viuhu. 

Ce^aMT, hhhhmo h ia h ia Aliu 3aJM(>en» Te6e aocts 
BjiaAHKo Aa th e Ha 3HaHe hito *mHe AponaanH. HoK8nn.iH 
ce OAT) HyiaAe BHine Te npenLin na Tennnwa naK aoiimh 8 
Bp'68 Te 8 cadaxi. 8Apn;in ua T8pcKe K8 i ie r re nceiuii Tvpice 
n T8pcK8 nen.8 oa ABaAeceTi 11 mime MeHTa (mpTBHJex) na 
hito moiviii noapajH naKB K8qe nonajnuiD n heroAt e on.10 
noropeao. H ctok8 h roBeAa o l iepa;in AOKe mh i i»cmo Te no- 



180 CPnCKB CTAIIIHi: US liOCHE 

qepacMO ohh 6nax» npeito Tape npem.iH am 3BacM0 awo to- 
jihko n»ra neKqerae aohh (!) a bh ii 3Bacre Taaio Heqe ohh 
hh Taaio hh aaio eio bhahiut. ihto Hnne hhth he (fye) ocra 
koh» hh roBene hh chthe CTOKa Heniio ch^omt> OTHMaio Heinxo 
Kpa^H obh KaAHJ8Ki> ■ nponaAe Beie fi> Hera (JmnAe Henna hh- 
Ma,/io hhth ce MOffie HHMa HH3aMT> daBHTH AOK^e T»pcK» ca- 
(J.1H HeH3eA« mh cmo 3anp» oceoH (nope3a;iH) H KHHHMO H 
3anp» h bohckh a Be3Hp» cmo uoza&ae na KaKo oh'l 3ano- 
BeAH h Baiia he a6ep r t oVrn , a th HaMa imnrH nnmn KaKO 
e Ta T»AHe paia c Be3HpeBHn> Benn./ioM'L eAW 8 HTais h 8 
H3MeT8 CianyrL-naniH . h oat> D^pHne Tope h ByiaAHKe HHHa 

OAT> 6pHAa HITO tlHeiHT) H KOH) OHH MHCaO MHCflO CBe HaMT> 

hhhih o r re cxpane hito ce paAH, n ihto ch nncao khhth npo- 
TOCHhe^iH 3a yaHHHHKe acnpn ia caai'B Moero qoeo nocjiao 
ihto 6x&q acnpn noKittueHO AOHie i ie xe nesio Aa'rn npOTOcnhe.iH 
TaKO 3Han, h to Hasit khhtb tko HannpnBH note nonMH n 
Aa en HaaiT) 3ApaBO , n aKO HeniTO ApoMJianH Taio aoh« HHHrra 
emt> HeBepHnie 3Ha r re Kaim ch anHn (HenocTOJaHH , HeBjepHH, 
JiyKaBn) , n no3ApaB./iiiTe ia>Bo rocnoAHHa h haKOHa n wdpeHa. 
. CeKTeidpa 10. AeHa Ha 1805. 
(Ha'rnnc) : TocnoAHHi} Mhtpoho./ihth Knpt Epein Ba p«H.e 
ero a HnKmnne H3Aa r rn ce." 

22. IIhcmo CnHaH-nanie hctom MHTpono.iHTy 

JepeMHJH. 
;; CnHaHT>-nama h Ahnoeri, MexMeAT>" (y HenaTy). 

H TaC/lHhH. 

„Ce^aMi hhhhmo Hameis BcanKOMe aocth h npnaTejis mh- 
Tpono^iHTH epn,eroBaHKOMH KHpt EpeMn car& ojiac»HT> (Aa en 
3ApaBO !) ihto ch HaMt KHnrs nociao npo8 i mcMO n cna ro- 
cnoAa h iueMa n a^na (HapoA) anpAOBH th mhhhmo h cbh 
3HaAOCBio Keen HaMT. aoctt> h qecTHTOMt u,apH npaBa c/mra 
h ^neno th XBa^ia h mh aMO i^apim hhhhmo h BoncKe HMaMO 
Ao.-ih n Bjime lie Cum oai> (JocHe n oat> CapaeBa, onn"B Hne 



CPnCKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCIIE 187 

CTnivia aMO 8 hht8 e hag e^Ha aMO a eAHa Ha TauKO hm'- 
maaaxi Atfnraaea ce He6oHMO e^Ba *ieKa bohco Aa ee 8Aapn 
h r re6e oneTT> mojhmo KaKO e TaMO oahhihh Hain> KHnr» 3a 
CBaniTO no roiie cann koh e aohho keevh naK^ KaAe AOHece 
KHnrs Aa x ieMO M8 H3HHt HeKa boah ten,y (?) , h mio ch hh- 
cao 3a Ciaiui) nainH ia ce 83AaMT> h MeMapt ihhhmi A& x ie 
Hkpa ohth csaomI) h pan to e oh'b mm nonanrrao AH3rnHi> 
AOK/ie 3aBpow KaKO Bada naKT> i ie akpa 6hth h pan n T8 
seioB tbok) (?) 0H i ie nkpa 8hhhhth xaKo ia jieispi) i ihhhm , b, 
a h th KaKO ch qecTHTOMe naps npaBo nsaieTB ihhho Aoc/ieHi. 
paAH h oce^e h paro caBnian h ceT8H Kauo Ba^a h KaKO e 3a 
6oAe mio Handojie Moatenn> TaKO paAH h cgtbh. A nrro nninenrB 
3a npoTocnhe^a h 3a h38ht> (!) AaneMo M8 hshhi. HeKa HAe ept 
e 6ho h oh'b 8 H3MeT8 HaraeM8 Ka h th h Ao6po Haet nociHmao 
KaKO Baaa, h ihto nnmenrB Aa kerni) h3hb.h 8 Enapnio caA'B 
HHe th n»Ta TaMO (?!) aKO mhc^hihl H3Jia3HTH aHAe npaBo Be- 
3np8 n ia caMt 3a Te nncao h to6omt> ce xBa^ino Besnpa KaKO 
ch vb uapeBe h ct> Hame crpaHe koai> Be3npa tboh qe nocao 6hth 
KaKO roAt th oqeniT) h a» ch 3ApaBO n Bece^io , Tora canio 8 
H8TT. hohmh aaio HeMOH ra 3aApnataBaTH h nonqe no3ApaB.ia 
h n,e.i8e th cBeT8 A6CHHH8 TaKOffiAe h haKOHa h OopeHa. 

CeKTeMdpa 12. AeHt 1805. 

(HaTHHc) : TocnoAHH8 Mhtpohojihtb Epu;eroBa i iKOM8 KHpi> 
EpeMH H3AaTH ce 8 HnKninqe Ba pane ero." 

23. IIhcmo MHTponojiHT a JepeMHje Apo6if)ayK]iM 

HOHOBHMa H KHe30BHMa. 

„EpeMHH Boarieio miL/ioc/riio npaBOcaaBHH MuTpouo-inTt 
EpneroBa^iKH h 3axo.<iMCKU h npo i ia." 

„CMHpeHHe Hame nnraeT'B bo 6oroxpanmi8 naui8 enapxaio 
ApoMHaKi BaMH 6/iaroc^oBeHH hohobh nonnenapoAHH khcsobh 
h cbh xpHCTHanii MO/iHTBa ii 6./iaroc,<ioBeHHe Hame Aa 68AeTi> 
CB BaiiH. Mh cmo 8 Be./iflK0M8 Tp8A8 paAH Bacb eBo aieceua 
ceAaMi. , 3Ha're caMH , h 6ojkomt> homoJih bh unec're BpeaiAeHn 



188 crilCKK CTAI'IIIIE 113 LOCBE 

6eae cBepxa MHorora :wa bh ere HMa^iH bc/ihkh Mexpart 

(MOXpclMOT = O^arOHa.KJOHOCT) BC3Hpa H BaMH CMO CEAHAE 

iiama rpaniiiTS h OtfpeHa fl,a cohere KailMeiUHs h bh Hnecre 
xot'e./ih AotiH uo iiflmeTC Kaiio desnajieTUH, a caaa k'l BaaiH 
nnnieMi) h m&Aewb Moero AiaKOHa h nona TteopLnia Koioimha 
h (Jama Aa Aohe're aMG ca,a,e ca MHHMa, axa,e (jtyAHx) bito 
BHnie Moate're cao6oaho xoAH're HedoHTe ce na moio a»iii8 h 
BepH xoAHTe c«./ieHMaH r i> namn h rocnoAaps ia Bact sonewb 
ko xohe xoAH're ko ae Hehe oeinhH mh h ks^h h hen» 
ckoh he ce ./ihah manic© KpBi) npoc«TH MeHe e ata^ocT'L ns- 
eie h BHAHie aciao e Be3Hpi> h MHora BoScKa Ha BacL auo 
HeAoheie h Heha Baci. Bnme 3BaTH hhth heio Aa cxe moh 

3Hai'H. " — 

IIpnMJeA<5a. Opu^uHa^H obiix nucaaia iyBajy ce y ph3hud;h 
capajeBCKe n,pKBe. Ilpeniicaq. 

24. MnTpono^HTH ^,o6po6ocaHCKH 3a Koje ce no 

3anHCHHKy 3HaAe oa 1620. ao 1767. roAHHe, 

eae ao caBpmeHor naAeHnja neliKe 

naTpnjapmnje, h noAnaAHyka 

boa napnrpaACKy. 

1. MaKapEje 1620. 

2. Aotee 1657. 

3. XpncTO(|)op 1671. ao 1681. 

4. AiaHacHje oa 1681. ao 1688. 

5. BicapHOH oa 1690. ao 1708. (ynpio y m. 3Khto- 
MEm&Ehy). 

6. Hcanja oa 1708. ao 1709. 

7. MojcHJe oa 1709. ao 1717. 

8. Mejieraje oa 1717. ao 1740. 

9. TaBpnjio MhxhIi 1751. (Obo ra cy jimmh nHHa?) 

10. EajcHJe oa 1752. 

11. Me^erae. 

12. BacMEJe JoBaHOBBrti 1760. 



CPnCKE CTAI'HHE 113 BOCHE 189 

13. Knpnji j\o 1767. OBora je 3ajijeHno AamL/i, 3a Kora 
ce E3Bj'ecH0 3Ha Aa je 6ho npaBH Y\m, a Mose 6hth Aa je 
h iteroB npeAraeciBeHHK dno TpK, o leiiy ty Ma.io Hnse 

TOBOpHTH. 

Knpn./i ce nocteAHH HaieHy je ^odpodocaacKH", npnoV 
BiBmn join h TH'ryjiy „Er3apxi> Bcea ^ajiMaTin." Oh ce 
je noTHHcao Ha ycraBy — ' OnraTHHCKe 'raj He — rp*iKH, a 
y nenaTy H30K(Ma nncaieHa cy rp*iKa a y cpnjeAH TypcKa , 36or 
nera mhc/ihm Aa je oh npBn rp^Kn B^iaAHKa y Bochh , Kora 
je jom 3a cyiHTacTBOBaH,a netiKe naTpHJapinnje rp^ma upEBa 
nocM.ia y BocHy , hoihto je Hajnpnje H3y i iHO nerAJe c/iaBeH- 
ckh je3HK; ear je HMao rpaMaTHKa Bjenrra rp^iKOM n ciaBeH- 
ckom jesHKy, na je oa H>eroBe CTpaHe OBaj yciaB Hanncao : 

Mpo'L M. B. EpaBocjiaBHbiH Mhtpoho^ht-l /l,o6po6ocaH- 
cmit, thmT) h Er3apxt Bcea /l,a^MaTiir. 

w /l,ocTOHtHraH cxapHfl cea enapxifi npoTOiaecropH 6aato- 
cjiOBeHLixt PH(|je'TOB'L , qaAa & rocnoA^ B03.no'6./ieHHaH Ha- 
mea CM'fepHOCTH , 6;iaroAaTb Baaii) n umpx to Bora n « Hact 
MO^iHTBa, Caaroc/ioBeHie n nponiTe'me. 

Ce sanoBt'Aaio Bain, bcbm-l HapeqeHHbiarb EnnTponoMi) 
kohxT) consBOiiHxi. a3i> nacrnpt h apxniepeil , rko no Be'x- 
xom8 a^ ffiHTe.ACTB8eTe HepKOBHLixi> Be'raTexT. h Aa nMaxt 
.ho6obt, n coMa'cie bo bmikomt. cMreaio nepKOBHOflrb j\n co- 
rflacHTCJi MH'oaumeio a He a* C8ti» pasA'l^'eHH cioa» h ©h<*Tmo, 
TO^iio eAHHHMi) cepAUemrL h cahhok) A^iu'eio , r\KO ate noBe^'k- 
BaeTT> Ichcl XpncrocL bo CBflTOMt h cBflDTreHOM'i. eBaHre^iiio: 
Cia 3anoBli'Aaio b<i'm'i, Aa mq6et& Apa'r'b Aps'ra. 
Bcmo noc/iHJKenie cBa-rie nepKBe Aa ne n3aBa'n> bi. TopffiH- 
mTaxi) h bt. AOM'bx r L, pa3B'L' a& cac/raioTca bcii ABaHaAecarb 
n Aa coB'taiTaTca n 0\/iaroc./iOBeHHO Bc'a j\a 6vAwn , He d.ia i < •- 
CAOBeHiia hc Aa HSMiHaTca. H Koropti fi> ABaHaAeciiT'b npo- 
thbhtoi BHmeniicaHHLiMi. rMiwairb n cfierb cKaHAa.vi, n 

COfl/iaSH'b, TclKOBHU fl,?i eCTJ> npOKAflTl © CBflTHfl II 6AHHO- 
CHlIITHblJI TpOHHLI. KOTOpHfi ilic IKl Kll toX pi) Hll 1' I. BCfl Kb 1IO./13H 



190 < 1'IICKK CTAPHHB II., BOCHB 

qepKOBHtfi m MHpji , Aa ecTi 6^iaroc^oBeHx <5 OTija h ctraa n 
CBaTaro A«xa. T.iko tboph'tb irko Aa h MoanTBa n faaro- 
c^iOBeHHie Hamea cm^'phocte 6xp,evb co Beta iki'mh Amhh'j>." 

Join oa BpeMCHa naTpnjapxa Ka^aenKa hjih 6ojbe penn 
oa naTpnjapxa ApceHnja III napnrpaACKa je upKBa atHB.be 
HacTOJa^a , o naAy cpncKe naTpHJapmnje , 're aiw je Knpn./i 
cbojom pyKOM BHniepeyeHH ycTOB nncao h Kao npBH MHTpo- 
uoAWfb TpK Ha Bochh, 6e3 cyju&e je Kao uito peso Mopao 
3HaTH HapoAHH eae 6apeM c^iaBeHCKH je3HK paAH do.ter 
yn^HBa 3a npBH nyr y xaKO MHoroOpoJHOM HapoAy uocjihckom; 
a TaKOBH npnnpaBHHKa 6qao je h no ApyrHM 3HaTHHJHM enap- 
xnjaMa. — ^aho mh je, hito jeAHora Knpn.ia cnoinite 
naTpnjapx Co({)poHHJe 1779. y Ehhcto^hjh Ha cpncKO-aaa- 
BeHCKOM jeBHKy , kojh je pyKonnc AocTa HajiHK Ha OHaj Kn- 
pHiiOBa ycraBa y sanncHHKy. HaTpnjapx ca chhoaom Ha3HBa 
Enpn^a „/l,o6po6ocaHCKHM mhtpoho/ihtom", kojh ce oa Ayaier 
BpenieHa 6aBH hoc/iom y I^apnrpaAy, n npenopynyje HapoAy 
Aa raeAa c/ia™ ypeAHO npnxoAe EnpooBe npeKO H>eroBnx 
ennrpona ; a HapoA ra no3HRBa Kao Ao6pa h yroAHa y ko^ihko 
je 6no aie^y aniaa; a n Knpnji ce xBaMo c H.ipoAOM Be.M- 
koj npKBH. 

Kao hito cmo BHtje^H, 6ocaHCKH ce MHTpono^iHT nocTOJaHO 
Ha3HBao „/l,o6po6ocaHCKH" cBe ao 1767. eae ho obom rope 
Ao 17*9. roAHHe. Ho jecy ae ce obh TaKO 3BaM jom oa 
BpeMeHa cb: CaBBe KaA je ocHOBao 12 enncKonnja; hjih cy 
Ty TH'ryjiy tfocaHCKH npHMH/iH aa ce6e no naAy HapoAHe 
6ocaHCKe npKBe , to he KpHTnqHO AOKasaTH y nouyH>eHoj KH>nrn 
o BoroMH./iHMa r. BoatHAap He-TpaHOBHt. 

3a 6o.T.e CBJeAo^aHCTBO , Aa je cpncKa naTpHJapninja nayia 
1767. roA. HaBemLy obah jeAHy Kpamy me 3HanaJHy 6n- 
AeatKy Ha rpnKOM je3HKy y 3anHCHHKy capajeBCKe npKBe: 
1767. Hocae naAeHHJa nehKor apxHJenncKona , ca ynyTCTBOM 
y BcejieHCKOM Tpony cBJaTJejmer naTpnjapxa Bce^eHCKor, ro- 



CPnCKE CTAPHHE H3 BOCHE 191 

cnoAHHa — rocnoAHHa CaMyiua , ao1?o C mo y CapajeBO ca- 
6npaTH 6aTHKe no apeHOBOM otoajy y OBOMe Mjeciy oa 
EnHTpona. 

MuTpono.niTT> 6ocaHCKU u er3apx Aa-iMaTiiHCKii 
J[a,EEA. 

fa&EM A&KAe HHje 3Hao hh 6eKHyrn cpncKH hh ciaBeHCKfl! 
a HHje My hh noTpeda 6va&, jep je napnrpaACKa naTpnjap- 
niHJa Beh nocTHrjia cBOjy AaBHamity mejbj h Hamjepy. Mmpo- 
nojiHTy je ^sleeaj 6eah h xa aa^afca : ao caaBeHCKO 6oro- 
cayaEe&e samnjeHB" rpnKHia, Kao ioto ce cBe ao 1850. roA. 
njeBajio y capajeBCKOJ npKBH Ha aschoj crpaHH rp^KH a Ha 
^HJeBOJ cjiaBeHCKH. Ha 6yAytn Aa ce Ba3fla Hnje aemaBao 
njeBan ca rpiKHM je3HKOM, to je xaKBor sasijeftHBao rpa- 
MaTHK , tjaKOH H./1H caMH B.ziaAHKa , jep ohh h AaHac naiaAy 
odnnaj njeBaxH H3 cmia: „~BQAwm A«nie moa TocnoAa . uara- 
Bacnjy, Ha XBa^nxe" h t. a- To je nHHno h hokojhh Hraa- 
™je kojh ce y Baitoj Ay up npecTaBHO. A /Uomicnje, ko- 
auko je toa ocraBHO npHe ycnomeHe y Bochh , dapei je 
ciaBeHCKH qncTO n npaBH^HO wrao, n caMO 6n 3a xarap 
Eora TpKa ear IjHHnapa, KaA 6h cAysHO, oAnjeBao: Kn- 
pnje! KHpHJe! Arnoc oieoc, h join no kojh B03iviac, a no 
HeitH nyr h TypcKH : Japatin . Japadn ! (Boate , Boa;e !) 

Mhtpoho/ihth (JocaHCKH noc/ie naAa cpncKO-nekRe nai jin- 
japmnje : 

AaniM 1767. 

KnpH./i 1779. 

KajHHHK 1804—1811. 

BeHHaMHH 1817. — 1839. 

AMBpocHJe 1841. 

OBe je roAHHe 14. Jyjia micajia on mi i i u<i capajeBCEa jeAHy 
npocrpaoy inoyideHnny naTpajapxy, y kojoj ra mo/iii Aa He no- 
Kpefce H3aiel)y h.hx -ramo CJiaBHa Myma n BpcHa nacrapa — 
AMBpociijy, kojh je yicpameH cbhmjj apxajepejcKHM BpamaMa 
EaKBa una mir^a miry :s.'i nn m rii.ui n;i Bete mi ftflXOBa .l.Kiia. 



192 CPflCKE CTAPHHB H3 BOCHE 

3a to MO^e naipujapxa (caAam&er Ahthm) ah ce neoeBphe 
Ha HeKaKBy noAMeTHyry masapy (Tyady) , 3a Kojy He3Ha hh 
capajeBCKa onniTHHa hh (SocaHco enapxaja. 

OBaj hcth AMupocHje saAyatHo ce 6ho 0(M0MOHy EBpejy 
7500 rponia, 3a Koje ra craBH y xanc ! Ilonrro cy my ce 
GTBapH npoAa^e h hckh >iy xpHiuhann hoaiiomoivih , KpeHe ce 
Ha H03HB nafpnjapxa h BjaAe 3a H,apnrpaA. Ho AiBpocnja 
je 3Hao , a» ce y U,apnrpaAy He AonaAa OHaj , c kojhm ce 
HapoA xbmh; saio AiBpocnje yMaKHe y D,uyiy, (Ba.LAa Cn- 
u,HJiHJy) l>e 6yAe npHiM»eH Kao BJiaAHKa yHnjaxcKH, h 6ho je 
atHB ao Heue roAHHe. j\o -&aHH je HMao cHHa Joprata y Tpn- 
jec/ry, kojh ce joni 3a 6aB.LeH.a AiiBpocnjeBa y CapajeBy oate- 
hho oa TadeiiHiia (AjiBpocnje je 6ho Hajnpnje non). 

HrH>aTHJe I. CaMOKOBJiHJa. 

IIpoKonnje I. 

/l,HOHHCHJe I. „Ao6pn h (Mars." 

HritaTflje II. 1868. 

/l,HOHHCHJe II. „3J1H H HeMOpa^lHH. " 



i^PHTKra^H nor^iE4 ha uvouijioct 
cpea y yrAPCi^OJ. 

(hactabak). 
TJETBPTH EEPHOA' 

TocnoAapcTBO aycTpnjcKHx kecapa HaA BetHHOM 

cpncKHx 3eMa.fca, oa sayseka BeorpaAa, 

Ao aeroBa ryfmTKa 

(1717—1739). 
OA 

npocpecopa raBpn/ia BnTKOBnt,a. 

FoBopncMO o Toie KaKO je aycTpajcKa B^ia^a Kpo3 22 ro- 
AHHe rocnoAapn./ia HaA BetaoM cpncKnx 3eMa&a. CBaKojaKo je 
BaaiHO , Aa A03HaM0 , Aa ae je BAa,A,& aycipnjcKHX tecapa cno- 
cofaa (ma , Aa no AP^aBHH^KOj mjapocth , Ha Teme.Ly .lytfaBn 
h HCKpeHe OAaHOCTH cbojhx HapoAa noAnrHe ApraaBHy 3rpaA) r , 
Koja 6n BeKOBHMa ipajayia. 

H3 OHora, hito cmo Beii h ao caAa Ka3a.aH o ApaMBHOJ 
ho^hthd;h aycTpnjcKHx hecapa , o HaveMMa , no Kojnaia ce 
baraslaq y aycTpnjcKOJ AP^a^n, He ocTaB.iajy Hac y cymtu, 
Aa jiH je aycTpnjcKa B^a^a y craay 6ea& ctbophtii yciOBe, 
kojh 6e yTeMe.LH.iH Be^nqnHy iwixoBe AP^aBe. 

y ApataBH, Kao dito je 6eah aycTpnjcEa, coon.ieHa no 
HyjKAn y OA(>paHy oa HaBavie xypcKe, H3 pa3Hiix napoAa, 
kojh cy npHTOM h pa3He Bepe 6eae, caMo je OHa AP^aBiia 
no./iHTHKa Moryha 6eah , Koja on Aaaa jeaiciBa , Aa ce obh 
pa3HH HapoAH npnpoAHO n caMociajiHo pasBBJy, u kojh (fa Ha- 
poAH BO.T.HH 6eae , fl,n paA CBor HHiepeca jeAHHCTBO obo Ap- 
ataBHe 3aApyre (JpaHe h o»iyBajy. 

Tjacuhk XXXVIII. 13 



194 kphthieh nor.n;,; ua upohmoct cpba y jtapckoj 

Ho 3a TaKBy ApsaBHy Ho./iimiKy y MOHapxnjaaia Aopacan 
cy caaio ohh BJiaAapn , kojh cy no cbom Bacnnxafty n odpaso- 
Baay cnocodun , n to./ihko caMOCTa^iHii , p,a, TaKBy noAHTHKy 
cxBa-re h eneprntrao cbojom MyApomhy ocTBape. 

Cbh aycTpnjcKH B./iaAapn ao A^nac, ochm Jocntjia II n 
AeonoARd, II , BacnHTaHH cy oa JeJKOBHTa , kojh CTBapaxy 
opyfya BOAHa, h cnocodHa caMO, j\a ce no h>hxobhm ynyi- 
CTBHMa pyKOBO^e n a<i CBOJy Amuy B;iaAayia4Ky n moIi pHM- 
CKe npKBe n cTajiemKor rocnoAapciBa ocHaffie n y'reaie.Le, n 
kojh B^a^ajy no Haieay „ divide et impera." 

Ho TOMe He Morarae hh Kapjio VI Apyiwnje mwim h 
ynpaB^aTH , ho y ohom Ayxy, y kom ra je BacHHTao h cnpe- 
mho jeaioBHTa Ileiap BojkJ). Kap.no VI HnyieM ce pa3./iHKOBao 
HHJe oa HeKor (|)aHaTHqKor uiHCHOHapa , H3 KaTOJinTOe npona- 
raHAe y Pray. 

Eao niTo cy hhkbh3htoph CBOj'e iKpTBe BinpHOM AymoM cna- 
AHBayiH, a CBe Totioffi 3a Betiy c./iaBy o'offijy ! TaKO h Kapjio VI 
jEpTBOBame xn.taAaaia cbojhx noAaHHKa cbojhm CTpacTnaia. 

Oh ce caMo jom y tom pas-MKOBanie , nno je Teaino He 
caio Aa yBeka caaBy (Joayy, ho nor./iaBHTo moIi CBOje AHHa- 
CTHj'e n noli ny3etier apncTOKpaTCKor cia^eaia , Kojesi oh 6e- 
jame cyHHe, nrro cbojhm toh.iothhm 3pau,HMa OJEHB.taBa ro- 
M.EAJ y Ka;ty 3awrnx rMHatykiix npBHka — jaKpenoBa n 
CBaKOBpcHHX raAOBa. 

y xaKBoj ncorjioTHOj AparaBH, h hoa TaKBHM 3.aypaAni 
BM-AapHMa , cyAOHHa je cpncKor HapoAa y HanpeA tiff-ia onpe- 
Ae&eHa h H3BecHa. Y Kpyry TaKBe 3a noniTeHa qoBeKa 3a- 
rym^HBe ABopcKe aTMoc(|iepe , Moraxy casio jEHBeTH cTBope&a, 
Kao mTO cy 6h./ih : CeKeHAOptfm , Ifyran.eHAop^H , BaMcn, Ile- 
Tannje, dpacojAH, KeHnrcern, QlTpacepH, XajcTepn n Apy- 
rnx 40.000 raAOBa n OA.kyAa, kojh to CTaaeniKO cyHne 
OEpyaiaBaxy. 

Kapao VI, no cbom npnpotjeHOM HaroHy, Aa ce Hajropnjia 
cpeACTBHMa cayjKH. 3a bcnrypafte Hac.ielja y cbojoj ncTponie- 



kphtuikii nor.iEA ha npora.iocT cpba v yrAPCKOJ 195 

hoj ABHac'rnjn , n3a6pao je y cbojoj ^pataBii Hajno3AaHnjn Ha- 
poA , kojh 6pojame HajBume apncTOKpaxa , oa kojhx je kecap 
Ben noo^aBHa nojioKy cboj'hx Jienorana y.ioBno 3a ce Betiimy 
h npeiBopno y ABopcKe 3;iaTOTKaHe 6j6e n ,/iyTKe. 

Ben n no obom nsdopy bhah ce MyApocT oBora Bjia^apa, 
kojh 3adopaB.La , && cy th aeroBH .tyonMnH npe KpaiKor Bpe- 
ieHa XTejin a& npoiepajy n>eroBy AHHacTnjy, n aa cy y toj 
n,e./iH noiioBHHy MOHapxnje KpB.ty noTonn^in n onycronin.in. 

H Kap^io VI 3aK.i,yqH roA- 1722-re yroBop ca obhm 
jom abb.lhm napoAOM, h obhm cbojhm .LyunMiyiMa y 3ajieHy 
3a nparnaTnnKy caHKnnjy ajpTBOBa cboj BepHH , jyHa^iKn Ha- 
poA cpncKH, kojh je npe 3 roAHHe cbojhm jyHaniTBOM nponeo 
caaBy aeroBa opyaya ao da^maHCKHx niiaHHHa. 

yMHHJn BjiaAa^ian, kojh 6n oAHda yMeo no3HaTH n on,e- 
hhth Hajnoy3AaHHJe nnneHnne 3a yTBp^eae cBoje AP& aB e n 
ocnrypaae nopoAHiHor Hacaelja, ne 6n oaoho h oa cede 
OTypno , a jom Maite npoAaBao xaKO MHorodpoJHe cHasae a 
y BepHocTH HenoKo^ed.tHBe HapoAe , Kao dito Cejaxy CUo- 
BeHH aycTpnjcKH , a norviaBHTO Cpon ; kojh cy cTBopn.in Be- 
jinnnHy aycTpnjcKe Apa^Be y noatapeBanKOM MHpy. 

AycTpnja HeMame Be/iHKHX, caMOCTa./iHHX n HaA napxaj- 
ckhm 3al)eBHiJ,aMa y3BHraeHe MHancTpe , kojh on 3Ha.ui n xxe^in 
nomTOBaTH caodoAy caBecin n Bepe cbojhx HeKaTO-inniinx no- 
AaHHKa, h kojh 6k jmqjie ycBOJHTH n ocTBapnrn no-imnKy 
ocHOBaHy Ha HH'repecHMa Betae Apa^B.LaHa. 

Kojihko ce noMOivia aycTpnjcKa B./iaAa oc;iaH>ajyh ce n 3a- 
crynajyk Beqn'ro HeMa^my noMTHKy, AOKa3yje cyia6ocT n He- 
MOh Aycrpnje , ao Eoje no3mija AonaAe paA HnnnaBor Ha3nBa 
„napa HeManKor." AycTpnjcKH HapoAn cKyno cy n.iaha.in cy- 
jeiy obhx HeMa^iKHX rocnoAapa. Ko on ii3opojao OHy mho- 
jKHHy paTOBa , ko 6b. B3Mepno OHy cn.iHy KpB , n OHa HeCipo- 
jeaa (Sjiara , iiito atpiBOBaxy obh HaBOBH HeMa^iKn napeBH, 
3apaA Manne n npa3Hora na3HBa, paA rocnoAapcTBa HaA 
ctothhom Henoc.iyninnx chthhx Tiipaiimiha. 



196 kpdthikh nor.iEA ha iipoiimoct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 

/l,a cy yie^H 3aAOBO.LHTH BeKimy naJBpeAHHJHX ApstaB- 
.taHa HajBeKe 6n jeiic-TBo saAoCin.iH aycTpajcKH B^ia^apu npo- 
THBy HaBa^e TypaKa y npBo j\o6n , a no3HHj'e npoTHBy owre 
Teatae Ayfl,mR& XIV 3a cbgtckhm rocnoAapcTBOM , a HaJ3aA 
6h ce oaoohh.111 ohh aca.iocHH paTOBH, Kojn HacTaAOHie no 
CMpTH Kapaa VI, npoTHBy iheroBe kepKe Mapnje Tepe3e. 

4,a je Ayc'rpnja nHa^a cBecHe h pa36opme MHHHCTpe , 3a 
Bpeaie ohhx paxoBa npoTHBy TypcEe (1715 — 1739), koj'h 6h 
yMe^in y TypcKOJ aiHBeka pnmhaHCKa c/iOBeHCKa HJieMeHa 3a- 
AObo.lhth n MTApOH ho^hthkom npHByhn . to 6n AycTpnja no- 

MOhy OBEX MOBeHCKHX JYHaMKHX HapOAa KOHa^IHO CJlOMBJia MOt 

Typana y JeBponn , a HeMa cyiite , a^ 6n y oho Bpeaie .iaKO 
MOivia AOnn h &o rocnoAapcTBa Ha 6a.iKaHCKOM noayocTpoBy. 

AycTpnjcKa B^a^a Hnje yuie^a 3aciy;EHTH j>ytfaB ohhx jy- 
Ha^iKHX CaoBeHa . koj'h cy to^hko nyTa n ca HaJHCKpeHHJHM 
HOJKpTBOBaHjeM ycTajaaH Ha opyasje h npnmoiviH, Aa je ay- 
CTpnjcKa BojcKa CBe ocBOJHyia ao 6a.iKaHCKHx n.iaHHHa. 

Ho TaKBa B^iaAa, Koja Ha qe^io CBoje BOJCKe CTaB.ta (baHa- 
THise IjeHepajie, a y3a h>hx jeaoBHTCKe amcnoHape. 1 ) koj'h 
cy hhkbh3htopckom CTporomiiy Hauie'ra^H KaminHH3aH ohhm 
HapoAHMa . koj'h Ty Baa^y y hctom 3aBojeBaH>y 6am y toj" n,e.iH 
h noMarame, a& CBOJy npal^AOBCKy Bepy o6e36eAe hoa 3a- 
KpH.ieM to6ojk xpninKaHCKor B^aAaona. 

KaKBe je Apyre n^oAOBe MOMa ypoAHTH TaKBa oyna 
nojiHTHKa , Koja je oAMa join 3a Bpeme paTOBaaa TaKO rpo3HO 
o6iaHy.ia oHe HapoAe, h 3a HaBeK ce OMpa3H/ia, -re je Haj- 
3aA CBe 3aBojeBaHe o&iacTH H3ryfea Ha HajcpaMHHj'n HaqnH. 
TaKO jeAHHM yAapoi nponaAe ca rocnoAapcTBOM n cn.ieunjcKH 

HaMeTHYTH KaTO !HHH3aM. 



l ) Ho CBe.a,oi6ii nucua ,,Der Neu-eroffnete historische Bildersal," 
YIII Theil, Ntirnberg 1733. Op. 408. roA- 1715. hoa ynpaBOM 
^enepa.ia Illnapa CTajauie 15000 BOJHHKa, Me^y Kojniia 611.10 
je npeKO 1000 piiMCKiix Ka.iyl>epa noA ynpaBOM apmiCncKyna 
cn.iPTOKor ir aiaraiiiKor B.iaAiiKe. 



KPiiTnqKii nor.iE,i ha hpoiimoct cpba y jtapckoj 197 

y onniaa obdx MajioyMHHx BM^apa Bnme je Baanjia ko- 
pncT ohdx ByiacT0.i»y6HBflx h ceonqmix phmckhx nonoBa, HO 
moL n Be^E^HHa 4pataBe n cpeta tojihkhx MHJiHJyHa Jbyfl,s. 

Oho , mTO je ny^pa B^ia/i,a caMO y oho Ao6a MOMa nocrnkH 
Bo.tHHM npncTaHKOM h 0A0£>peH>eai cioBeHCKHx Hapo/),a. Aa yie- 
mejbn cBoje rocnoAapcTBO y TypcKOJ ; ca/i, y AaHanme AoCa 
ysa^yA Teate aycTpo-yrapcsa rocnoAa, A a ce HaneTHy 3a 
rocnoAape ohhm HapoAHMa , kojh cy y Tenajy CKopo ABa cto- 
•/leka no3Ha^n jiymtocT h c/iacT aycipo-yrapcKor rocnoAap- 
CTBa. Tempi passati. 

Hpeia qoBeqaHCKOM pasBHhy h caAa&HM ApymTBeHHM noj- 
MOBHMa h Ho-rpedaMa , TaKBe AP&aBe , Kao hito je AycTpo- 
yrapcKa , y JeBponn 3a Ayro BHme He iory nocTOJaTH . ho mo- 
pajy yTOHyTH h nponacrH. 

/J,a 6e HaiDH qHTaouii ihto 6o&e cBam/iH n npesia Tome 
h noAnyHO ou,eHHJiH cBe oho, hito cmo AOJaKo roBopn.in o no- 
.ihthhh aycTpnjcKe BjiaAe npeMa cpncKOM HapoAy, HaBemkeaio 
OBAe , Koje cy cpncKe 3eiM>e ciajajie hoa aycTpnjcKni keca- 
poMa nocie noatapeBaqKor ampa oa toa- 1718. ao 1739. 

Ilpe cBera o6e./ieacHkeMo Mefye, ao kojhx je Aonapa^a B.iacT 
aycpHJcKHX kecapa. OBa Mefya n^arae oa xpBaTCKe CTpaHe Ajm 
peKe YHe Ha Hnate ao CaBe, 3a thm Ays; CaBe ao AP HHe ? a 
oa Al )HHe Ayffi yatn^iKHx n-iaHnna Kpo3 Cp6njy nopeA MopaBe 
Ao Thmoo , a Ayai TnmoKe ao /IjHaBa , 3a thm /IjHaBOM Ha 
Bnnie ao jepAe.LCKe rpaHnue, a oiyAa peKOM Mopnraoai ao 
H»e3HHa yTOKa y Tncy, a ny& Tnce ao Al HaBa - 

H npeaia obhm Me^asia 6n./ie cy OBe cpncne 3ei.i>e hoa Ay- 
CTpnjoM : BocHa , Cptinja , h n,eo TaainniKn BanaT ; oceM Tora 
Baqica oa CereAHHa npeKO Cy6oTnne ao Baje Ha /IjHaBo , a 
oa ynitia ApaBe j\,ym OBe peKe ne^ia GaaBOHHJa h Cpem. 

IHto ce naK Hamn fyeAOBH npeBapon y toj cboj hacjh, 
Koja je y iviaBH jeAnnor yamor aycrpnjcKor Apa&aBHHKa mh- 
HHCTpa HOCHJia OAo6peH»a , ihto Aaiwe Hani HapoA ne caaio 
HHJe OBy HAejy oCTBapzo , ho je CBe BHme nponaAao . to je 



198 Knmi'iKii iioimea ha jipoiu.ioct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 

KpHBnna caio ao (fiaHaiii'iKHX aycTpujcKHX B^a^apa n cednn- 
iiiix y Be<iy OMH.LeHHx MafyapcKHx apncTOKpainta , a Ha aca- 
jioct n ao Hanmx npKBeHnx norjaBapa. 

Mh KeMo y Teiajy oBe pacnpaBe noKasaTH ca kojhx je 
y3poKa nam HapoA no3HHj'e nocreneno nponaAao; ho n caA 
MomeMO y HanpeA petn , Aa nam HapoA Hnje nponaAao , a 
Aa ce HHje KopaK no KopaK MyniKn onnpao n dpaHHO npo- 
THBy cBojnx yrfteiaqa , kojhx je 6eao Bnme , ho nno je Ham 
HapoA noJiHTHTOn pacrpojeH — nonenaH , n caMOM ce6n ociaB- 
.teH 6e3 n*inje noHokn Morao oAo.teTH. 

CaA HaM jom ocTaje, Aa HcnniaMO CTaae Hamer HapoAa 
Ha cBpmeTKy BJiaAe Kapda "VI oa C/iaBHor noatapeBa i iKor mnpa, 
Ao cpaMHor MHpa deorpaACKor. 

Mh Leaio caMO y MaBHHM npTaiia ncnnTaTH h oneHnm 
npBO 0He HHH>eHnne , h HaJBaatHnje y3poKe Koje cy noiviaBHTO 
yn^HBHca^iH Ha cyAOy HapoAa Hamer. 

Bet cmo AocTa onncaM KapaKTep Kap^a VI. H 3a aera 
Baain oHa Heia^iKa noc/ioBHna „Jung gewohnt, Alt gethan." 
To je y ocTa^oM omnia KapaKTepncmKa cBnjy AecnoTCKHx 
B^iaAapa , y ama^ni roAHHaia odnnHO cy nycTH , caioBo.tHH, 
pacKoinHH , rpad.tHBn n B.*iacTo.i>ydHBn , a y no3HninM toah- 
HaMa ca cTaporaLy nocTajy mnAO^ymnw , n CKpnBajy ce hoa 
CKyT jeatoBHTCKHx nonoBa , Aa hm obh yramajy yspyjaHy ca 
BecT , Koja hm h3hoch Ha yivieA MHoatHHy 3^0HHHCTaBa n rpe- 
xoBa, mTO cy y Tenajy cBor nycTomHor MBOTa cbojhm jaA- 
hhm noAaHnnnia HaHe^iH. 

JaAHnnn , inc/ie , j\n cy OBe anxoBe HeaieTHyTe cyAnje 
caBecra y ciaay TaKBe rpemHe Aynie OTKynHTH oa Ka3HH Be- 
anie npaBAe, na He OAMnny ce oa cbojhx AyxoBHHKa, Ap- 
aehH : Aa he nx obh pa3pemnTH oa roMHJie rpexoBa n yny- 
thth hx npaBO y HedecKO napcTBO , Aa n OHAe d.iaryjy, Kao 
mTO cy ne./ior CBor jKHBOTa Ha 3eH.*>n (MaroBajiH. 

Ho y cbojoj Ma^oyiHOCTH He 3Hajy, Aa 3a h>hx Hia jom 
h Ha 3eM.tH cyfyaje , y CHHOBHMa n noToaiHHMa aspiaBa , Koje 



KPiixniKu nor.iEA ha nPOiu.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 199 

cy ohd npnHOCH.in Ha iEpTBemiK .lasHnu doroBHJia itnxoBnx 
CTpacTH u,qaot cBor iEnBOTa. JaAHimn 3aHeceHn KaAeaeM cbo- 
jnx cyBpeiieHHx yyinsnua , n He 3Hajy, Aa ce H>nxoBa CBa- 
KOBpcHa He,3,e^a 6e.iea;e y mnre Beynxor n CTpamHor cy^aje; 
Koje aKo He npe a oho nocae anxoBe cjipth npe^ajy Ha cy- 
ijeae oa KO^eHa Ha KOJieHO CBHJia ho3hhjhm Hapanrrajmia na 
Be i iHTa BpemeHa , hhth tie Ta JMXOBa Ae^ia BeKOBnaa y Mopy 
3a6opaBHOCTH yTOHyTH. 

II KpBHH rpexoBn Kap.aa VI o(5e.ae3EeHn c-Toje y Kitnraiia 
Begnie npaB^e , Koje ce Ha3HBajy HCTopnja , Hpnn rpexoBH 
HpHHM caoBHKa. H oa ce Hena^ome oecTpacHH nncHH. kojh 
6n 3a6e./ieain.w n OHe rpexoBe. hito je OBaj rpeniHH Baa^a- 
^an, xothmh^jho n cMHin.teHo HaHeo HapoAy cpncKOM . KOJie je 
oh hotokom npo^iHO AparoneHy KpB paAn yBejinqaH.a tBoje 
Tamie ciaBe ; to csiaTpaaio 3a cBeiy at^khoct , a^ hx mii n3He- 
ceMO n Ha yr.ieA ciaBHio cpncKOM CBeiy, a^ E3 hhx Hay in naui 
to.ihko nyia npeBapenn HapoA , komko a* sepyje TyfynHiiy. 

H^e/ior CBor aoiBOTa ofkaitHBao je OBaj npocTOAyniHn Ha- 
poA cpncKH pa3HHM .laiEHHM HOBe.iaBia y toj n,e;in, Kano 6h 
nx JiaEnie H3Beo Ha Mamme. 

TeK hito je y caTMapcKOM mnpy npeAao cpncKH napoA Ha 
HeMiMOCT ocBeTO.LydnBe MafyapcKe apncroKpanuje , noxniao je 
OAMax , Aa ^aajHHM 3araTHTHHM HHCiioM oa roAHHe 1715 yrnma 
n ykyTKa npaBnrao HeroAOBaH>e n oropneae cpncKor HapoAa, 
kojh je , iteroBa £>paTa Jocnijja canyBao oa MakapcEHX ycTania, 
Aa siy obh HenpeoTMy Kpyuy n uacviefye aeroBe AHHarruje. 

KaA oho y toahhu 1722-oj paA nparMain^iKe caHKunje 
npoA^Ae cpncKo 3eM.i>niHTe h cpncKH HapoA, nao Hetty CTOKy 
npona^ioj aialjapcKOJ apncTOKpannjn ; h ohot je no Apvrn nyT 
npeBapno Cptfe, ca hotbpaom npnBHjieljnja n jiaamnai o(5e- 
LmeM 3auiTHTe n oAopane oa npeBeMKe roHHA6e Maljapa n 
pHMnanHHCKe nonoBiHTHHe. 

3a obo Apyro H3AajcTBo hecapoBe B^iaAe. Hnje Morao 11a- 
poA Ayro A03Hain. "Recap n Maljapn , kojh cy OHy cpaMHy 



200 KPHTiiqKii nooEA ha iipoiimoct cpea y yrAPCKOJ 

npo^ajy yroBopn^H , hyTame HOAJeAHaKO cBaKH y cbom ce6tm- 
hom nirrepecy. 

Aa yntexeHH HapoAH HMajy npeBeh <1»hhh hhcthhkt, h 
HajaaA Mopajy aoIih ao ca3HaBaH>a ncTHHe h ao ohhx hcthx 
pe3y^iTaTa , ao Koje ncTopnonHcnn TeK MyKOM h Be^HKFM Tpy- 
Aom A0^ia3H pwjytiH no Ka£>HHeTCKHM apxHBHMa. 

TaKO je 11 cpncim HapoA caM co6om no cbojoj namnqKOJ 
oceTAHBocTH c noiei'Ka canio Haanpao OBaj aieHTaT, kojh derae 
ynpaB.ieH npoTHBy iteroBe HapoAHe n rpafyaHCKe ciodoAe n 
npoTHBy BberoBe n AOTjie cbojom myqeHHTOOM KpB^y ocBemiaHe 
Bepe. H xeK iiito je i iyo ^AaJHH^KH npeA^or cBora HeBep- 
Hora MHTponoMTa BnheHTnja Ha canopy deorpaACKOM, (roA- 
1735) oAMax je non>ao h caBpmeHO pa3yMeo CBy rpo3Hy Ha- 
Mepy cbojhx He^oBeqHHx MyqnTe.M. 

H n./iaHy cadop y npaBnraoM meBy, a& 3aAaBH npBO H3- 
AaJHHqKor MHTponoMTa , obo cieno opy^e 3.iHKOBa^Kor rocno- 
Aapa , a 3a thm ce An^e Ha opyatje hoa cbojhm Bo^aMa He- 
yMpjiHM IlepoM CereAHHii;eM , PaHKOM TeKe^injoM n ApyrnM 
jyHannMa j\,sl cn^y ch^om OAdnje, n a& CBojy HapoAHOCT n Bepy 
OA^paHH oa MatjapcKHx Hacnjmnx B./iacHHKa n cnaxnja. 

Ha cbom Medy H0Ka3abeM0 ne.in tok OBora MafyapcKHM 
apncTOKparaMa Hacn^HO H3a3BaHor ycTaHKa , hito cy Mat^apn 
noTCTaon y toj nejin, Aa cBor Kpa&a yBepe o HeBepcTBy 
cpncKor HapoAa , KaKO dn c thm npe HaBejiH CBor anocm/iHH- 
Kor Kpa^a , Aa npeMa yroBopy oa 1722 roAHHe oa node^e- 
hhx' Cpda Ha^HHH MafyapcKO pod&e , a H»nxoBy seM.i>y npeAa 
H,HMa y Hacael>e Kao cnaxn^iyKe. 

ATeHTaT npoTHBy cpncKor aBTOHOMHor no^oataja kojh cy 
My^KH cmohhjih Mafyapn y toahhh 1736 Aa hobhm rpade- 
ffiOM KyKaBHTOH odoraTe h pamnpe moK KpyHe cb. CTeBaHa, 
to cy Ha hcth HanHH noKyma^H h H3BpniHJiH h roAHHe 1792. 

EaA Heycnexy tojihkhm ycTaHHHMa Aa npoTepajy xanc- 
dypiDKy AHHacTHJy, Kojy oAdpaHHme Cpdn ca ocTa^HM ft/io- 
BeHHMa ; a ohh nocrHrome hoa-mm h My^KOM hojihthkom , cjio- 



kputiiikii nor.iEA ha hpoidjioct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 201 

aLHBmn ce ca XancdyproBnHMa , jya, Cp£>e n ocia^e CaoBeHe 
cedn noA'iHHe uao pod.te. 

HajHOBHjH noKymajn aiafyapcKe BJiaAe, y roAnHH 1869-oj 
Aa npeKO cbojhx n./iaheHHx n3ac.raHHKa n3a30By xpBaTCKY rpa- 
hhhv, Ha ycraHaK , jacHO noKasyje xeffiay Mafyapa , Aa Cpde 
n XpBaie onpHe koa H>nxoBa Kpa.ta OpaH>e Jocntjm , k;iko 6r 
hoa npnincKOM BojHn^iKnx cyAOBa H3aiajcTopnca.flH HeKy Kyiea- 
Bn i iKy crpaHKy, Koja he urn y Hie cnjioai yhyrKaHor xpBaT- 
CKnr HapoAa nsjaBmn totoboct Ha YHnjy XpBaTCKe ca Ma- 
tiapcKOM. 

OBaKBe noA^e noKymaje, qecTO cy Ma^apn H3MajcTopn- 
cajin npeA oqnaia cbojhx bo.lhhx anocmin^KHX rocnoAapa. 

/l,OK^e he xaKBH hoa^ih n^aHOBH ycneBain. n KaKBH ke 
Kpaj 6hth xaKBux Hacn.ia . to heio , Aahe Bor , cKopnn ao- 

JEHBeTH H BHAeiH. 

CaA jom jeAHOM Aa 6au,HM0 noivieA Ha 3aAH>e roAHHe B;iaAe 
KapM VI. OBaj npeBet jiaKOMH n 3a yBehaaeM AnHacnuiKe 
c/iaBe ffiyAetin B^aAayian , He3aAOBo.taH ca iu/ieaiHM AodninMa 
noiKapeBa i iKor ainpa, rpaM3no je jom 3a Beta rpatfesoM, 

HJTO ke TOJlHKy KpBH,y CBOJHX jaAHHX HOAJlHHKa HpOAHTH , TO 

n Hey3HMame y panyH OBaj HecnTH ByiaAaJian. 

Oa cBHJy BjiaAa^au;a HManie y pyKajia nannpHa yBepe^a 
nparaiaTHqHe caHKnnje. Jom ocTame Typnn , oa kojhx mhame 
Kap;io VI opyayeM M3HyAHTH TaKBO hcto yBepe^e. 

/^a je Kap^io VI Morao npeABHAeTH , a^ he ce no H>ero- 
boj cmpth CBa OHa yBepen>a fteroBe pnnihaHCKe dpahe no 6o- 
atjoj mhjiocth pacnpHmiTH Kao BasAynmn Mexypmiliii. ii Aa ke 
H>eroB HeBepHH dpaT cyyi'raH jeAHHH ocraBHTH Ha impy hepKy 
CBora Be^nTor HenpnjaTe.ia , n rko ra Ha to HYTKaxy puin- 
kaHCKH BjiaAapn. 

Hecap ncKaiue pa'ra npoTHBy npopoKOBnx cnHOBa Aa Ha- 
KHaAn rydHTKe Ha 3anaAy JeBpone; a sa obv ne./i Tpetiaiue 
Be^HKy BojcKy n MHOJKHHy paTHHEa. AycTpnja HeMame Biime 
HenodefyeHor JeBtjemija (yaipbo 21. Aupn^ia 1736). ho nsame 



202 KPiiTiiqKii nor.iEA ha jii'OHi.ioct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 

roMHjiy ABopcKnx CTBopoB.a , EHTBacrax ijeHepajia , kojh dexy 
6o.hG nosHaTH upKBeHHM KiLnraia ho ca paTOBHMa , n Beminjn 
h bh'ihhjh y ca./ioHnsia ho y KOBaBnai dojeBnaia , do.tn KjBapn 

HO BOJCKOBOtje. 

Ho 3a KpBaBe paTOBe Tpedame jyHaae , jep ce h cai hecap 
HHJe y3^ao y ca/ioHcae KyaaBHije. Am jom npe paTOBaita HMa- 
fyame Ha yMy oVma B^a^a , a^ H3nrpa cBojy yodn^iajeHy nrpy, 
Aa no3HBHHHajia Cpde no30Be Ha yciaHaK npoiHBy Typaaa. 

3a xy n,e./i npnAodnnie cpncKa naTpnjapxa ApceHa IY 
pa3HHM .lajKHHM odekaiLHMa , a ob«ij jaAHHK , Kora he no3Hnje 
Maljapn ca 3HaH>ei de^me Bjia^e oipoBaTH, y cbojoj iviyno- 
cth noBepoBa tecapoBHM pe i iHMa, n oa CBoje cipaHe Haro- 
BOpn Cpde, Aa yciaHy Ha opyatje n kecapoBoj bojchh ce 
npnApyjKe. 

HecpeKaH H3Jia3aK OBor paTOBaita Bet Hani je no3HaT. 
tom ycTaHKy Cpda cnoMnite caM naTpnjapx ApceH IV obhm pe- 
HHMa: ') v yliTa rocn. 1787 naKH paT dncT no MeiKAy aycTpn- 

CKHM ABOpOM H OTOMaHCKOH) HOpTOK) H B HepBHX necapO-Kpa- 

jieBCKO bohhctbo CHJiHie noaa3acH , n Hnm rpaA Bocnpia , h 
eune HHia MHoria nayiaHKH. Toro dco n3ianiHBme ce sdoro xpn- 
CTiaHCTBO Bocnpiama copHarie bkhht. ca AycTpiami coynpoTHBT> 
ArapaHOB eadpaTHineca ; ho h naKH no cyAdai doatinai, npe- 
(DAOyTB cn;ia Typcaaa h nodn bohhctbo HejienKoe, n xpncTiaB- 
ctbo JKe csmTe cokojio Hnraa n G&apecTHia Haxin cpdcaia nopo- 
dHHia Typna. TorAa h cen Apcemn naTpiapx co OAadpaHHM 

HapoAOM kojIhko B03uior b HeMenaia seion ydirae." 

IIo3opHHna 3a cbo OBor TporoAnmiter KpBaBor paTOBaita 
(1737 — 1739.) oeme BehHHOM seM.LnniTe caAaae cpncae 
KBeaieBHHe. Kao hito naK A03HajeM0 H3 56 dpoja ,,Wiene- 
risches Diarum — oa 13. Jyyia 1737. roAHHe H3H0CH.ia je 
cpncKa BojcKa npeno 30.000 aoaaHnaa n nemaaa , ocen cpn- 
ckhx KpajnniH.HKa H3 AycTpHJe , h Apyrnx MHornx cBojeBO- 



') Biiau M. MiMojeBiita .,06iijtii .iiict" dp. 78. 



kphtuiku nor.iEA ha nPOin.iocT cpba y jtapckoj 203 

.m*iehx cpncKMX l ieia, mio je CBe y CKyny imsnAO npeso 
50.000 a CBa aycTpnjcKa BOJCKa dpojame 70.000 BOJHiraa 
(bhah Held und Convin Allg. Weltg. Ill kh. n CTp. S75). 

H 3a cbo Bpeme TporoAnnma BojeBaaa BojeBaxy Cpdn 
jyHaqKH , BepHO h noinieHO noMaaiykn hecapeBy bojcky. A oa 
iuaeMe cy Kopncin 6n./in Cpdn aycTpnjcKHH BOJCKOBO^HJia ca 
no3HaBaita upeAcaa, ca cBe3e ca cbojom ocTaaoM 6pakoM n 
ca Eyrapnaia, kojh jom crajaxy boa TypnHMa, ca .iaKoke, 
koj'om ohh HaoaB.taxy paHy 3a CBy bojcky. 

Ho obh tecapoBH fyeHepaM He caMO mro cy dn.m He- 
BemTe BojcKOBoije , ho cy jom 6em xaKO AeMopa,/mcaHH, Te cy 
npoHeBepaBaM 3a paTOBaae nocaaie HOBire, a cBoje caBe3HHKe 
Cp6e ocTaBAaM cy de3 HOBqaHe npnnoionH, de3 paHe n nnjba. 
ohh cy Cpde H3iiara^H HajBebnM onacHocTHMa a raxeAH-in CBoje 
Ebeine , Ta^njaHe n Ma^ape , x ) ohh cy hx CBpx Tora ^ecTO 
H3AaJHnyKH y HajjKeaskHN dojeBHia Hanyraia^n , a& nx Typun 
dHJy, a HaJ3aA cy noAnyraTaviH pnaiCKe nonoBe , A& h 3a Bpeiie 
paTOBaaa cpncKH HapoA y ohhm KpajeBHMa na n caie cpncue 
BOJHHEe sdor Bepe roHe n HacHjmo raoK^e. 

CBe OBe oko^hocth Kao pa3Ha nciesHBaiba , xapaita fc.e- 
capeBe BojcKe HajsaA cy y xoj mepii oropinM Cpde Illy- 
maAnHD,e. Aa cy Ha Kpajy BojeBaita noAnycTn^n Typae . Te cy 
obh y npoBa^iHJaMa oko TpouKe Betn Aeo aycrpnjcKe Bojcne 
Ao Hore ho6hjih h caTpan. Cp6n cy noniTeHo noMara,in ay- 
CTpijcEy BojcKy, HaAajyti ce y pnninaHCKOJ bojchh Haha no- 
BiotiH , a^ ce ocaodoAe oa TypcEora syjiyna . siebj thm ho- 
Ka3ame ce OBa pnmbaHCKa dpaka sao syjiyMtapz ropn n oa 
caMnx TypaKa. 



2 ) Bartenstein Vorr. XXV. s. 143 u 144 Be.m : ..Man trfigl we- 
niger Bedenken, deren (Serb en) hundert Holier, als 
einen Deutseben. Ungarn oder Wallonen dor Fein- 
desgefabr auszusetzen." To he pehn: Aa cy tecapcKH beHepaAB 
Ha Hajonacuiija MecTa cBar/ia Cp6e c.ia.in, u .iai;mr n m je 
6uao apTBOBaTii cto Cptf&i Hero j o ,1 ii o i llcMua. Ma- 
il apa ii .in Ba.-io-Hija. 



204 Kl'HTHIKU nOr.lEA HA nPOULlOCT CPLA V JTAPCKOJ 

3aHcia , Aa ce Cp6n y pa3HHM paxoBMMa TypaEa ca Ay- 
CTpHJannHMa , y no.iaK homo ran cy^TaHHaia, Kao iuto cy no- 
Maraan hecapn&ia, ho 6h Typn,H HHOAa 6h./ih Taso Hedaaro- 
AapHH , hhth 6e hx xaKo Bapa^H h TAaqH^H Kao AycTpnjaHnn. 

Oa KaKo cy Hacia^n obh HecpehHH paioBH, oa ceode 
cpncKe y AycTpBjy na ao CBpraeiKa OBor paia, o kojhm je 
caA roBop, Typnn ce y -rpn jiaxa, h to nocae Kap^oBaiKor 
noatapeBa^Kor h deorpaACKor irapa, yaiacHO ocBeTHme ohhm 
CpCtHMa , mTO ocTame boa H>nMa. IIIto cy Cpdn ycTajaan npo- 
THBy cbojhx rocnoAapa h noaiara^n Tyfyer BJiaAaona, Typnn 
hx yaiacHo Ka3HHjiH. H caMH HeMnn Beae, Aa cy Cp6n Kao 
pede.in no 3aK0HHMa HHBH./iH30BaHe MOHapxnnHe JeBpone 3a- 
c^yatn^iH Ty rpo3Hy Ka3Hy. 

Typnn hx Ka3Hnme Kao dyHTOBHe noAaHHKe , a denKa 
B^aAa join no cto nyTa rpo3HHj*e je Ka3HHJia cBoje noAaHHKe 
Cpde , OBe CBoje HaJBepHHJe noMarane , 3dor h»hxobhx npeBe- 
jihkhx 3acjiyra, npoAaBmn hx Mafyapnsia. 

Ho ce aycTpnjcKa B^iaAa jom MHoro BHme orpeniH^ia 
npeia ohhm cbojhm cajy3HHn,HMa CpdnMa, Koje je noc/ie sap- 
^OBaqKor (1699) h deorpaACKor Mnpa roAHHe 1739. hoa^o 
h rpo3HO H3HeBepH^a, npeAajyt hx TypnnMa Ha mhaoct, a 
He TpaatetiH oa TypaKa rapaHnnjy 3a mbot h HMaH.e obhx 
cbojhx cajy3HHKa. 

Hocae cBHj'y obhx paTOBa CTpaAaxy Cpdn oa TypaKa. 
Ho cy hx Typu,H HajyacacHnje Ka3HH/iH y noneTKy OBor paia 
KaA ce naTpHjapx ApceHHJe IV noAHate HapoA, Aa ce y 
AycTpHJy cgae. Oa cbojhx 80.000 npaTiuan.a jeABa npeBeAe 
naTpnjapx 6000, a Apyre H3ceKome Typnn. A join oceM 
obhx aipiaBa , ocBeia xypcKa nocrajKe jom cbojhx 50 ao 60 
XH.fcaAa Cpda, kojh ocrame y cbojoj nocTojdnHH. 

Hohito cmo y KpaTKOM npeoeAy BepHO HanpiajiH no./iHTnqKo 
CTaae aycTpnjcKe ApasaBe 3a B^aAe Kap^a VI ; to HaM ocTaje 
Aa mTO TanHHJe nponpaTHMo atnBOT h paA cpncKora HapoAa 3a 
cbo BpeMe ao caMpra OBora cyjeraor a Ma^oyamor B^aAapa. 



kpiitiiiku nor.iEA ha iipoeuoct cpea y yrAPCKOJ 205 

Kao niTO peKociio no cmpth noABOJBOAe MaHacTep.aHJe, 
ocTame Cp6n 6e3 HapoAHor cBexoBHor nor.iaBapa h no.iHTHHKor 
ynpaBAaia. A npKBeHH norviaBapH, kojh no cbojoj ceonHHO- 
cth TeEHDie , x& y cBoje pyKe y3My n no.iHTHHHy ynpasy HaA 
HapoAOM, hht Aoonrae OBy cBeTOBHy ynpaBy, hhth cy y nan.y 
6eae, a^ o^iyBajy peyinrno3Hy CTpaHy HapOAa cpncKor. Hnje 
nyAO, uito ce HenpnjaTe.iH cpncKn Ma^apn n anxoBa nonoB- 
niTnHa y ApyniTBy ca tfeiKOM BAaAOM THTpajiH ca TaKBHM np- 
KBeHHM norvmBapnia , kojh cy y (fiaHaTHHKOM aHaxopeicKOM 
aiHBOTy Behn Aeo CBor atHBOTa npOBOAH.iH y MaHacrnpy, 6e3 
Hayne n o6pa30BaH>a , koja cy ocTa^n h OHAa o.iy^epn , KaA 
ce y Ay^oKoj cxapocTH caMO no 3ao/iy3H MHO^nne roAHHa no- 

B.QAE Ha MHTponOjlHTCKy CTOJlimy. 

A y TaKBMM 030HyiHHM BpeaieHHMa npeMa xaKo .lyKaBoj h 
Bennoj Ma^apcKOJ HesianKOJ apncTOKpaiiHJH h pnamancKoj no- 
hobdithhh, HiTa cy moivih y OAdpaHy HapoAHHX npaBa yni- 
hhth TaKo npocTH h Heo6pa30BaHH ctpKBeHH HOManapn , 6am 
h Aa cy HMajiH Ao6py h 036n.i>Hy Bo.iy , Kao hito je HeMame, 
jep BO-fcHa opyfya AecnoTCKnx rocnoAapa, Hesiajy CBOjy bo.lv, 
Bek caeny noAaHocr cbojhm rocnoAapHMa. 

iLyAH, kojh cboj bok npeBeAouie y ManaciHpy, y rayMH, 
kojh ce no cbom no3HBy o'rpnna^H cBexa, kojh oceM cBeiora 
nncMa HHfflra Hewrame ; TaKBH .LyAH Kao noiviaBapn HapoAHH 
He cy y crafty aji ce yMHHM opyayen dope. 

IIlTa ce Apyro Morame HcneKHBaTH oa TaKBHX ciadoyi- 
hhx nor^aBapa, ho hito o6h<iho oHBa y cBeiy, a^ ce .i.}'An 
6e3 casiocBecTH n npaBora 3Han>a desycioBHO noAaaay caaio- 
bo.lh cbojhx rocnoaapa , kojh joni ymeme 3aAono.i>in n < yje'ry 
TaKBHX cedn'iHiiK upocTaKa opAeenMa n TETyjiaia. 

3a 0He naK npoeHe noiviaBape, kojh cy iu\ r \ hito npo- 
MeAa^iH TaKBy noA^iy nojiBTHKy, ua dn no rAe k;ia xkmii 
ce h onnpaTH caMOBO.BH BJiaAajyhHx CTHXBJa, sa n.nx je m>- 
MaHKO-MaljapcKa rocnomTHHa HMa,ia h jana cpeACTBa , raKBe 
cy ohh yooHHjiH c iiyra ca r \\u\ rpn rpana orpona , Kao 



206 Ki'imi'iKii uoimea ha iipoiil/ioct cpea y jtapcko.j 

mi'o yiHHHine ca naTpnjapcHMa ApceHOM III 11 ApceHOM IV. 
(Bhah T^acH. Cpn. y*i. ftp. XXXYII kii,. cip. 253-555). 

y TaKBOM ata^ocHOM h o i iajHOM nojoatajy Mopanie ce dpa- 
hhth caM Hapofl , KaKo je 6o&e Morao , n oko je 3Hao. 

H y toj dopdn 3a cboj oncraHaK, 3a cBOJa noanTiraKa n 
HapoAHa npaBa, 3a ode3del)eH,e cBoje Bepe h 3a ocnrypa&e 
CBor MaTeptter je3HKa, h HaJ3aA 3a CBoje npocBexHO craite, 
OMeAa ce Be^ninHa HapoA&er EapaETepa , n cBnjy mopajurax 
BpjiHHa TaAamiter cpncKor HapoAa. 

Ho obh HapoAHH dopnn He dexy n3 BMCTeocKor u nae- 
MHhcKor CTa^essa, Bet npocxe saHaunje: adaunje, kypinje, 
Ta*iaunje, Tadann, dao./in, TproBnn h paiapn, h BHHorpaunje. 

Ka MopaMO npnsHaTH , Aa cy n HapoAHH bojhhikh MHflOB- 
hhu.h , Koje je can HapoA dnpao , Be./iHKy sacayry rehae, dpa- 
Henn HapoAHa npaBa CTa./mo, nomTeBO, a KaA bjto h ca 
ffipTBOM CBora aiHBOTa. 

Ho aiefyy dopne h HapoAHe dpaHnone Mopasio yBpciHTH h 
MnpcKe cBeteHHKe , kojh cy cBai'Aa totobh 6eae h cboj jkh- 
bot y.aoJKHTH 3a HapoAHa npaBa n 3a HapoAHy Bepy. 

TaKo je Ham HapoA Eajdo/be dpannone h noMara*ie niiao 

y CBOJOJ 6pahH HapOAHHM BOJHHM l IHHOBHHHHHa , MHpCKOM cBe- 

mTeBCBy, TproBHHMa n 3aHai^HJaMa , y wjhm je pyKama dn.ia 
CBa TproBHHa h 3aHain no yrapcKnai iviaBHHM Bapomnaia h 
MecTHia. 

y tom odsnpy HajBnme ce OTJiHKOBame Cpdn ByAHimn, 
HeniTaHnn , CeHTaHApeju.ii , OcTporoHnn , KoHopaHnn , Qioa- 
Hodeorpal^aHH h HapoAHH otynnnpe BOJEH*iKe KpanHe. 

KaKo jm je n cam necap JochcJ) II mhciho n npuBHaBao 
KopncT , hito HMame Ap^aBa oa cpncKnx TproBana h HHAy- 
CTpnja^ana, noKa3yje HHCTpyKnnja iteroBa nenrraHCKOM cpe3y 
§ 10: „Pajne h HeyHHJaTe TpKe", kojh ce 3aApaiaBajy 
paAH TproBHHe h paAH pa3HHx no^e3Hnx 3aHaTa y obom cpesy, 
ocoohto y ByAHMy, Jerpn, CeHT-AHApnjn n no Apyrni 
KpajeBHsia , Tpeda noHaj6o^.e 3aKMH>aTH oa CBaKor 3JiocTaB- 



kpiitiihku nor.iEA ha nroin.iocT cpba y jtapckoj 207 

.taita , jep ohh repajy Aoncia npoaieT 3a BC/iiray AP&aBHy 
xacHy. OBaj ahidtphkt niua MHoro Hace.teHnx ELinpa hoa cbo- 
jhm larncxpa -maia n n.mpcKHM B.ia^nKon. 

H BapTeHnnaJH y r.iaBn VII cxp. 114 y Apyroj Ta*ran 
roBopn o ncTOJ Kopncin no ApstaBy oa cpncKHX iproBana 
OBaKO : „XpaHe ce ciLia anx TpKa , kojh cy no YrapcKOJ 
Taio-aaio pacejaHn, oa TproBaita, oco6hto ca TypcKOM po- 
6om; to 6n Aaoe, Aa ce Hncy OHy^a Hace..m./in on.m, yiia- 
Kao je^aH aotfap Aeo Kopncrn , Koje 6nBa OTy^a , n seu.i.n 
(ApataBn) n (ieoyKy (aBrarium) , hm oh oho oa xacHe caaio 
TypcKnsi noAaHnnnia. * 

Obh Cp6n ainBenn no Be^HKHM BaporanMa yrapcKHM no- 
MeraaHn ca Ma^apnia n Heainiraa n Apyrnu napoAnaia , Ao6po 
Ty no3HaBa;m CTpacra HeiaqKe n Mal)apcKe rocnoAe. Ca n-n- 
xoBa ooraxciBa n o6pa30Baii,a nMame OBn poAo.tydn ne.inKor 
yn^iHBa n 3acTyranKa y Eeny koa tecapeBnx MnmicTapa, nap- 
CKO-HeMa^Ke n Ma^apcite KaHnejiapnje , n eoa ABopcKor Boje- 
Hor Beta. 

A norvMBHio cy ByAninn n HeniTaHnn Kao Hajdoramjn 
n HajcBecHnjn n no cbom oC>pa30BaH>y Hajo'i\in i mnjn Cpon Haj- 
Bnrae n 6paan.in npaBa cBor HapoAa. 

ByAHiinn cy HenpecraHo o cbom xponiKy Apaw^n y Be i iy 
jeAHor ea]i ABa noc/iaHUKa , Kojnia AaBaxy HapOTOTa ynyr- 
CTBa, Aa hm HenpecTaHO jaB.tajy, KaA 6n HapoAHa npaBa y 
onacHocrn 6n./ia, n^in on TpamMH noBJiacrnne 3a pa3Ha lih- 
AycTpnjajiHa npeAy3eka. 

KojinKe cy nan aqrrBe y HOBny upnHOcn.ni sapafl OA<SpaHe 
CBojnx onnrrnx HapoAHiix npaBa, CBaKO he .lano Bepop.ani 
Beti n no oHoine, mio cmo KasajiH o Kpaj&oj noKBapeHOCTH 

OVlKHX MHHOBHHKa. 

Kao iiito cy ByAHMnn MaTepnjajiHO noTiioMara.m onnrre- 
napoAHe noc/ioBe, xaKO cy n cbojom otfpa30BaHOiniiy ut.ium- 
hom cBerahy ii ysmo iiajiuiino AonpHHeAH yHanpe^eay n on- 
CTaHKy cpncKor HapoAa y yrapcROJ. 



208 KPHTH7KH HOr^lEA HA IH'OIIMOCT CPBA y yrAl'CKOJ 

Mh cmo Beli noKa3[MH , ^a cy ByAHMiin h y hpodmhm ne- 
pHOAHMa HajsHaTHHj'e npeA.aore caiaaaBaM n HapoAHHM ca- 
dopnMa noAHamajiH, a obh cy cadopn ca maim H3MeHaiia 
CBaKH nyx ycBajaAH n Kao onni're HapoAHe npeA-aore noAHa- 
majiH Ha oAodpen>e necapy kah yrapcKOM aeiiaACKOM cadopy. 

HapoAHH apxzB y Kap^oBUH, koj'hm dn ce cpncKH hcto- 
Phk Hajdo^e nocayasHTH Morao, qyBarae Ka^epn, kojh cy 
ca HeMapnocTH; eae HeMapHO ynponacTiuH HaJBaamnje hcto- 
pnjcKe noAaTKe, kojh dn Hajdo/be odjacHnyin cime Hamera 
HapoAa n iteroB no./mTHiKH paA y Tenajy nponuor CTO-aeiia. 

C Tora ce MopaMo noHajBHme cayaraTH ca noAannMa H3 
dyAHMCKor a Henrro H3 neni'raHCKor apxHBa , a<i dn djto hot- 
nyHj'y canity Aodn./in HapoAHor araBOTa h obom nepnoAy. 

HoniTo je ynvinBOM MafyapcKe apncxoKpaiinje h itnxoBe 
xnjepapxnje caB nojiHTHqHH sehbot aycTpnjcKnx Cpda orpa- 
HnqeH h cBeAeH npocTO Ha ypeljeae CBor npEBeHor n npo- 
CBeTHor cTaaa , to cy h cadopa . Kao HapoAHH opraHH . ocy- 
fyeHH (faun, Aa caaio y obom npaBnj paAe. 

IIo Tome je HajBaasHHJe , Aa nrro Bnrae A03miM0 o obhm 
cpncKOM HapoAHHM cadopnMa, jep no paAy obhx cadopa ao- 
3HajeM0 Mopa^HO cTaite cpncKor HapoAa y npomaoM BeKy. 

IIpBo heMo Aaoe 3dopnTn o cadopnMa kojh cy ApasaHH 
3a BJiaAe hecapa Kap.aa VI. 

cadopy roA- 1713. ApataHOM y Kap.aoBHH paAH H3dopa 
MHTpOHOJHTa, Bet cmo roBopn^H. 

Apyrn je HapoAHH cadop ApataH y Kap.aoBU.HMa , a ca3BaH 
oa MH'rpono^HTa BnkeHTHJa EonoBHha Mecena ABrycia 1715. 

Ha obom cadopy npoiHiaHa je 3aniTHTHa Ann.aoMa Kapaa 
VI, HanncaHa y 3^araoM Ilpary 22. JyHa 1715. toa- 

NOS CAROLUS DIVINA FAVENTE 

Clementia Electus Romanorum Imperator , Semper Augustus., 
Grermaniae , Hispaniarum , Hung-ariae , Bohemiae , Dalmatiae, 
Croatiae et Sclavoniae etc. Rex, Archidux Austriae, Dux 



KPHTIIIKII nOIVlEA HA nPOOI.lOCT Cl'EA y yi'APCKOJ 209 

Burguniae , Styriae , Carintliiae , Carnioliae , et Wiirttem- 
bergae, Superioris et inferioris Silesiae , Marchio Moraviae, 
Superioris et inferioris Lusatiae, Comes Habsburgi, Tyrolis, 
et Goritiae etc. etc. Universis et Singulis , Gtmerali Nostro 
Locum Tenenti , Campi-Marscliallis , Gleneralibus Equitatus, 
Supremis rei Tormentariae Praefectis, Marschallis Locum- 
tenentibus, Supremis Oampi-Vigiliarum Praefectis , Colonel- 
lis, Eorundemque locum Tenentibus , Supremis Vigiliarura 
Praefectis, Oapitaueis , Eorundemque Locum Tenentibus, Ve- 
xilliferis, Decurionibus , Quarteriormn Magistris, et aliis 
quocunque militari officio sub hisce modernis et futuris Ex- 
peditionibus fungentibus , praestrtim Nostris per Regna 
Nostra Hungariae , Dalmatiae , Croatiae , Sclavoniae , Eidem- 
que Hungariae Coronae annexas partes, et Loca Confini- 
aria Constitutis Generalibus , ac Commendantibus , Cujuscun- 
que Nationis, Status, Gradus, Ordinis, Dignitatis, et 
Praeeminentiae existani praesentes Nostras Yisuris, Lectu- 
ris, aut Legi audituris Salutem et Gratiam Nostram Caesa- 
ream, ac Regiam, et omne bonum, Vobis benigne Signi- 
ficantes, humillime Nobis repraesentasse Melem Nobis 
dilectum, Venerabilem Vincentium Popovich Orientals Ec- 
clesiae Graeci ritus Arclii-Episcopum et Metropolitan! Rasci- 
anorum Suo, et totius Gentis Rascianae, Populique Serviani 
nomine, quod licet Superioribus evolutis temporibus a Se- 
renissimo olim Principe Domino Leopoldo Romanorum Im- 
peratore, et Hungariae Rege, Domino et Genitore, ac Prae- 
decessore Nostro gloriosissime reminiscentiae Colendissimo 
Yenerabilis quodam Arsenius Czernovicb praefatae Ecclesiae 
graeci ritus Arclii-Episcopus, et antedicti Exponentis Prae- 
decessor, dum Videlicet idem sub actualis eotum adversus 
juratum Christiani Nominis hostem flagrantis Belli tractu, 
Victricium Caesareo-Regiorum Paternae olim Majestatis No- 
strae armoriim Progressu incitatus, et Lucullento Divinae 
Bonitatis eadem anna benedicentis Experimento commotus, 

I\lACHHK XXXVIII. ' * 



21<> icrimmivU nor. tea ha iipoulioct ctea y yiAPCKOJ 

ad excutiendum Otthomannicae Tyrannidis jugum una cum 
Populis Rascianis sub Servitute barbara gementibus animum 
adjecit, eumque in fineiu non solum praelibati Augusti Olim 
Domini Genitoris Nostri, qua eatum legitimi Regnorum Sa- 
crae Regni Hungariae Coronae Subjectorum et appertinentium 
Regis indubitato Juri, Gratiaeque, et Clementiae Caesareae, 
Regiaeque se, et posterns ipsorum subjectos, Verum etiam 
desertis intra Turcarum ditiones Domiciliis, et derelictis fa- 
cultatibus Patemis Laribus exules, et intra Regni Nostri 
Hungariae partiumqe eidem annexarnm Confiuia translates, 
et dislocatos , ad Vindicandam ulterius et profligandam pro 
temporum ratione immanissimi hostis Crudelitateni, Sub Au- 
gustae Domus Nostrae, et Gaesareo-Regiae Protectionis um- 
bra Vivere et mod paratos declaravit, ac propterea etiam 
diversas benignas Concessiones , Indulta, et Privilegia Di- 
plomataque in Annis praesertim Millesimo, Sexcentesimo 
noiiagesimo, et millesimo Sexcentesimo nanagesimo primo 
jam dudum praeteritis emanata, immunitasque et praeroga- 
tivas ibidem contentas pro se , et Successoribus suis Archi- 
Episcopis, item Episcopis, aliisque Ecclesiasticis , et Saecula- 
ribus Personis, nee non Capitaneis, Vice Capitaneis, Omnibus 
denique ejusdem Graeci ritus,. et Nationis Rascianorum, per 
Graeciam, Bulgariam, Rasciam, Herczegovinam, Dalmatiain, 
Podgoriam, Jenopoliam, Caeteraque in praeattacti Regni 
Nostri Hungariae, et partium eidem annexarum Confinibus 
Loca Commorantibus impetrasset, quorum tenore non solum 
Consueta olim Archi-Episcopo, ac ejus Successoribus Autho- 
ritas, et sui ritus Eiscopos, ac sacerdotes constituendi, Son- 
tes corrigendi, et pro demeritis puniendi, Templa, ubi opus 
fuerit, libere extruendi, ipsisque Episcopis, et Sacerdotibus 
nullius alterius quam Nostrae Potestati Subjectis, adeoque 
ab omni alia Jurisdictione exemptis, Verum praefati eorum 
Archi-Episcopi correctioni obnoxiis spiritualia sua munia 
obeundi, stolas, Proventusque Ecclesiasticos sibi de ritu, et 



KPUTII4KII IlOr.lEA HA nPOHI.lOCT CPBA V yfAPCKOJ 211 

antiqua Consuetudine Competentes percipiendi, Officiumque 
Suum administrandi , Populo demum Ejusdem Graeci ritus 
Rasciano in Praesidiis, Oppidis, Confiniis, et Ditionibus No- 
stris, Locis videlicet sibi per Consilium Nostrum Caesareum 
Aulae-Bellicum concessis ubicunque locato liberum sui ritus. 
et Professionis Exercitium. absque omni metu, periculo, 
Corporisque vel rerura suarum detrimento teneiidi . et ha- 
bendi facultas , nee non a decimis (quas ipse Populus pro 
sui ritus Episcopormn alimentis et redditibus, nullis Prae- 
latorum Nostrorum, vel Cameralium Officialium impedimen- 
tis in Contrarium obstantibus convertat, et applicet) anti- 
qua eorum Immunitas Concessa exstitit, ejusmodique benigna 
Priyilegia, Indulta, Concessiones. Praerogativas et immuni- 
tates Nos quoque Regia Nostra Authoritate approbavimus, 
ratificavimus, ac pro praefato moderno Metropolita et Archi- 
Episcopo, nee non praementionata G-ente, Sen Populo Ras- 
ciano Graeci ritus Clementer Confirmavimus ; Cum autem 
nonulae utriusque, Ecclesiastici Videlicet, et Saecularis Sta- 
tus Personae reperiantur, quae non attentis praedeclaratis 
Regiis benignis Privilegiis, Concessionibus, Infinitis, et im- 
munitatibus per Nos confirmatis mention atum Archi-Episco- 
puin, Sibique Subalternos Episcopos, et Sacerdotes, Popu- 
lumque Servianum in avito Sui ritus Exercitio turbare, 
neccesariorum Temlorum Erectionem impedire, Sacerdotes 
et Religiosos ejusdem ritu arrestare. ad incompententem 
praesertim Ecclesiasticas et religiosas ipsorum Personas a 
propria etiam eorundem Oeconomia praentensarum decima- 
rum praestationem ant militaria Quarteria subeunda cogere, 
et compellere attentent, non sine gravi benignorum Regi- 
orum Privilegiorum, et Indultorum Nostrorum Laesione. ip- 
sorumque praejudicio. et damno manifesto: supplicando ita- 
que Nobis saepefatns Archi-Episcopus suo et totius Populi 
Serviani nomine humillime, quatenus eosdem in praeenarratis 
ipsorum Privilegiis, Concessionibus, Indultis, et Iramunita- 



212 :;iutii'iich aOTAEfl, iia iipohkioct CPBA v yrAi-CKOJ 

tibus Regia Authoritate iisdem elargitis, et per Nos cle- 
menter confirmatis conservare et manutenere. eatenusque in 
Caesareo Regiam Protectionem Nostram, ac Defensionem be- 
nigne assumere dignaremur. Quorum humillima supplicati- 
one clementer exaudita, et admissa, cum alioquin etiani 
prout universos fideles Subditos Nostros in suis Privilegiis, 
immiimtutjbiis et Praerogativis inviolabiliter conservatos ha- 
bere, ita praefatum quoque Populum Servianum (qui ex- 
cusso jugo Turcico sub umbram Protectionis Augustae Do- 
raus Nostrae se suosque posteros subjecit , fideliaque , et 
utilia jam etiam Eidem pro Diversitate temporum , et Oc- 
casionum praestitit servitia, ac ob id a gloriosae Reminis- 
centiae Praedecessoribus Nostris ejusmodi Indulta, Conces- 
siones et Privilegia obtiuere meritus est) in iisdem eurum 
Privilegiis manutenere VeJimus praementionatum Vincentium 
Pupovich Metropolitain, et Archi-Episcopum, Episcopos, Sa- 
cerdotes , et Gentem sen Populum Servianum de Turcica 
utpote Potestate Vindicatum in Nostram Regiam Tuitionem, 
Sing'ularemque Tutelam , ac Protectionem Suscipiendos , et 
assumendos, imo Vestrae etiam tuitioni, et defensioni , ac 
speciali Curae committendos duximus. Quapropter Vobis, 
quibus supra, universis, et Vestrum Singulis harum serie 
firmiter praecipientes, committimus et mandamus, quatenus 
praementionatum Metropolitain , et Archi-Episcopum , Epi- 
scopos , aliosque Sacerdotes , Religiosos , et Saeculares cu- 
juscunque status, et Conditionis Orientalis Ecclaesiae graeci 
ritus homines, Populum quipue Servianum e jugo Turcico 
Vindicatum et in Praesidiis , Oppidis, Confiniis et Ditioni- 
bus Nostris Locis videlicet per Consilium Nostrum Caesa- 
reum Aulae-Bellicum concessis locatum in praedeclaratis 
ipsorum Privilegiis, Libertatibus, immunitatibus, et praero- 
gativis in praeattacto Diplomate etiam Nostro Confirmatorio 
uberius recensitis conservare, et manutenere, atque contra 
omnes Violentos in praemissis ipsorum impetitores, et Da- 



KPHTimKii nor.iEA ha npoin.iocT cpea y ttapckoj 213 

mnificatores toties, quoties a praefato Archi-Episcopo, et 
Eidem Subordinatis requisiti fueritis, aut alter vestrum re- 
quisitus fuerit, rebus, sicut praefertur, stantibus, et quam- 
diu Natid haec, et Gens Rasciana in illibata erga Nos, 
Augustamque Domum Nostram Austriacam fide et devetoine 
perseveraverit , tueri , et defendere, ac denique praemissa 
Gratia Nostra praevio modo iisdem clementissinie impertita, 
eosdeiu uti, frui, et gaudere permittere modis omnibus de- 
beatis, et teneamini. Authoritate Nostra Caesareo-Regia Vo- 
bis ea in parte hisce plenarie concessa, et delegata, seeus 
non facturi Praesentibus perlectis, exhibendi restitutis. Da- 
bantur in Civitate Nostra Vienna Austriae, die Vigesima 
secunda mensis Junii, Anno Domini Millesimo, Septingen- 
tesimo decimo quinto. Regnorum Nostrorum, Romani quarto, 
Hispanicorum duodecimo, Hungarici et Bohemici vero quinto. 

Oarolus. 

Eugenius a Sabaudia. 
Ad Mandatum Sac. Caes. Majestatis proprium. 
Anton ius Josephus ab Oette. 
(L. S.) 

Aa je Ha obom cadopy patjeHO n o ApymM ohihthm Ha- 
paAHHM nociOBHMa , MoateMO ce pepHTH H3 nncaia Mirrpono- 
nojHia BnheHTHJa H3 KapaoBana 22 ABrycTa 1715 roAPme 
y KOMe Be^n: ,,Bcex qacrHOMH ca6op« cadpaBUin ce , no 3a- 
Ka3H ero ntcapcKarcd Bl/in i iacTBia no hhhh BcaKar© peAa npn- 
maj[ iiihml fi> bchx crpaH , icaKorn n (5 Bacb. H np'Bee «Ka3a- 
x(OM hm mhjocth uapcirie, Ham npaBocjiaBHHM chiuthm nsAaiex 
<5 ero nptcBeiviaro u/bcapcKaro Bt^H'iacTBia. AP 8ro n ® n P°" 
^eMH (onniTeMH oyiarono'rpedHOMH j\gah, n co ceMt 
AOCTa '*a6eceAOBaHia hmcxwm. Kauo bhm ii Baiimx no- 

CiaHOHH XOIHT8TI nOApo£)He (5 8CTB CKasaTH." (Bhah II T.iar- 

hhk foa. 1872 cimcoBa (SyAHMCEHX 6p. 146). 

Ho OKBa ey 6n.ia Ta „ on hit a d.iaronoTpeCHa ae.ia", 
no AocaAan.ini H3BopHMa hhcmo momh A03Hai'H. 



214 Ki'imi'iKii iior.iKA ha iii'Oiii.ioct opba v yrAPCEOJ 

Hehejio aorpemHTH , ueo KaateHo , Aa cy HapoAHH nocaa- 
hmhh Ha obom catfopy H3He.in cBoje ata^de npoTHBy pa3HOBpcHBX 
roHHA^a , Koje je HapoA hoahocho oa MafyapcKe apncTOKpaijnje 
h xnjepapxHJe, a n oa tecapcKnx bojhhx h EaMepa^HHx Baa- 
cm Heaia cyMH,e , jin cy nocianimii caBeTOBaM ceio xoMe, 
KaKO Ke ce ca^yBaTH oa obhx roHeir.a , h KaKO fee hoahKh 
npocBeiHe 3aBOAe. 

Hh y jeAHOM AojaKomiteM ncropHJCKOM Aean Heiia cnoiieHa 
o obom cadopy, na he y ohom caciaBy hctopbjckom „HapoAHH 
Konrpecn OBocrpaHnx Cpda" y 104 kh,. OpncEor jfceTonnca 
oa roA- 1862. Hefcesio rpemniH, aKO jom Kojy noTBpAy H3- 
Heceio o obom cadopy. A TaKBy Haja3HMO y nncMy dyAHM- 
ckhx Cpda , Koje cy nnca,/iH noMeHyroM cadopy , n Koje y 
H3BOAy OBaKo iviacH : 

Ba cexb cBeivieHnieiHj h daaateHinnieMH n npeoacBemTeH'B- 
homh rocnoAEHa rocnoAHH» Kvpiio, Kvpiio BnneHTHio, MHTpo- 
hojihth (Jhahmokoh enapxHH , n npoiHMt oodpeTaioniTHM ce hoa 
BJiacTHio cBe'wocTH HecapcKou npaBocviaBHHMi BacTO*rane npKBe 
apxnepeeM me , apxHiaHApniOMT. , h npoTOCHH^e^OMi> , h nra- 
MaHOMi) n npoMHMi CBemTeBH l iacKaro peAa , TaKoatAe h bohh- 
CTaBHaro peAa rocnoAapen. wdepmTepoM'L , h KaneiaHOMi . n 
ocra^HMb nociiaHHKOM'L, koh lie ce HaxoAHTH Ha 

TOMB HpaBOC./iaBHOMH C a (5 p 8. — — — 

3a thm Ao.fla3e H»HX0Be atajitfe h Teroie 3a BpeMe Ma^apcKe 
pedeanje, y Koje cy Aoda totobo 3a 7 roAHHa 6eae y 3a- 
TBopy n oncaAH , dpaHetiD rpaA n Bapom ByAHM oa ycTama. 
Apyro Beae „ HameAmoft doaecrn 3a TpH ieTa" 3dor Kyre.H 
mTO hx je TOHH^a BOAa. 

Ha obom cnncy ctojh c no.ta HanncaH aApec : 
..9HT«./ia cadopH, koh ce cadLpao ca HpKBeHHM 
peAOMt 8 KapaoBije." 

KojiHKy je BajKHocf noaarao mhtpoho^ht BnlieHinje Ha 
Cpde H3 dyAHMCKor AHCTpHKTa , bhah ce h otja , hito hx je 
Ha Mecen A^Ha npe peqeHor cadopa 9. Jyaa no3Bao Ha koh(J)6- 



KPUTII'IKII IIOIVIEA HA IIl'OllUOCT CPEA y mrCKOJ 215 

peHHHJy y CeHTaHApejy obhm peiHiia: „Aa nnaxe H3 mmpji 
codoio nsdpaTH no Tpn no qeTHpa HJiOBeo pa38araa , Heita 
npBA» kb HaMB Ha BBAeHie, n paAH o onminx hoc.iobb 
pa3roBopnTB ce OBAe. G) AP«re dpaHe c« npnnun Te 
oB^e *ieKaio, h bh Aa Hiaxe npnra Aa ce pa3roBopnno. 0) 
la spa c» npnaijin n (5 EoaiopaHa. H bh saoyrpa n.in bb 
noHeAe-'iHEKi) cKopo npnAHie." 

Hiaio jom jeAHO hhcmo H3 Jerpe (Erlau y ropaoj 
yrapcKoj) oa 8. Jy^a 1715. Koje je Hanncao .Jcmh'b A°P ' 
aiaHHH'B npe3BHTepB, h KIhko dnpoBi KOMnamncKH."' H obh ro- 
Bope o hctom cadopy: ^TocnoAnHT, mhtpoho.iht n homh 
e nncaw, j\,r niiaaio aobh oy KapjiOBHH Ha cadopB, n 
mh heMO, aKO Bor r L j\a pqeKain, TaMO kerno hth." 
Eao hito cmo y 113 eh>h3h yLeTonnca CpncKor noKasa.in, 
ApataHH cy cadopn toa. 1716. h toa- 1719-ie. A a C Y naK 
ApataHH obh cadopn y KapjioBHH , to cmo A0Ka3a;in cbhcom 
H3 dyAHMCKor apxiraa, y Koie cy osHaneHH h noc/iaHHnn : „Ha 
cadop 1716. HnKoyia /l,HMHTpnjeBHh T IyKypxaH./inja H3 By- 
AHMa, MapKO Carap H3 CeBiaHApeje h C'rojan ^o6aH l iaHnH 
H3 ^odaHna; a Ha cadop 1719-ie OraHoje PaAojeBnti crapn 
dnpoB H3 ByAHMa, Byjnna H3 CeHTaHApeje n R/wja KanexaH 
JaKHJHh H3 OcTporoHa." 

HopeA cBor TpyAa, Aa A03Hauo, nua je Ha obiim cado- 
pflMa pafyeHO , ao caAa Moracjio Ten npoHahn n AOSHaTH caiio 
HMeHa napoAHHx nocaaHHKa H3 dyAHMCKor AHCTpHKTa. 

SaAOBO.taBajyliH ce 3a caAa A0Ka3HMa, Aa cy obh cadopn 
toa. 1715, 1716 n 1719 sajncTa ApaiaHu, miAaMO ce . ,\n 
heMO ycneTH n y TOMe, Aa nponaljeMo, n iirra je na obhm 
I'adopima pafyeHO. A HaAano ce n y to, Aa lie neKii ,ipyni 
CTapHHap apeia obom Hamem HanyTKy, npoHaljH AOKase o 
paAy obhx cpncKHX cadopa y Kapdonnn. 

H o cadopy, kojh je Apa^H 8. CenTesiopa 1722-Te ro- 
ABHe y Kap.ioumi uMa,Mo sa caAa caMO AORasa y hucmv MflTpo- 
no.niTa Ba^eHTirja IIonoBiil.a oa 16-or ABrycra W--. roA- 



216 Ki'HTiiiKH noryiEA ha iu'oiiuoct cpiiA y yrAi'OKOJ 

Obo hmcmo, itao h nynoMoh 3a catfop 3a caA cy hobh ao- 
03 o catfopy 1722. toa. caonnrraBaito obag y h3boa}' upBO 

HHCMO MHTpOBO^HTOBO , KOJe OBaKO TAME I 

f BaKieiiTie domieio MMOCTiio npaBOCMBHH apxn-enncKon 

H BpXOBHH MHTpOUO./lMTI. C/K)BeHO-Cp6cirin. 

CM'tpeHHie Hauie uniueTb bt> npeAeM> ohahmckc jenapxae, 
Ba Bapom'B , npLBee Ta6aHT> (ByAHM) h neons ceHToaHApefi- 

CKB H (OCTpOrOHCKB . KaKO (.'BefflTeHHHKOMl TaKO H ©CTaJHMI. 

xpncTHRHOMT) npaBOCjaBHHMi HaraHMh map h (foaroc/ioBeHie 
rocnoAHe 6va,e ca BaMH. — — — — — — A no cax 

BecTO Banib 6«ah, KaKO Han. e Aonuia necapcEorb BeMia- 
CTBa MH^ocTHBHa 3anoBeAi» oh th pe30.i8n.Ha Ha Ham a 
HapoAHa nporaeflia, koh) aaiaMO npn p8K8 caAa , sane- 
tiaieHa noAi> TailHHMb necapcKHMb nenaTOirb, Koia ce nnme 
CBeMH HanieMH cp6cKOM8 HapoA», koio bsavs. Haiib catfopHe 
©neiaiHTH, npowra'rn a noKopHeanie noc/iamaTH , a Ao6po 
pa38MeTH. Toro pa#H nnca^n ecaio no cbbx KpaaHa a 
npeAe.<in, HapoA8 HameM8, h poKb tom8 nocTaBH^iH 
Ha ©cmh a^hT) rpeAHBiTaro cnpeAb iecen,a CenTeMpia. 
to ecTi, Ha poatAacTBO nptcBeiie tforopoAnue, a a © CBa- 
koto npeAO^a HMaA8 Aoka no Asa q^ioBeKa pa38MHa 
Ha hcth poKt, n cbskh a6ae no npaiMemio cero nacama 
Aa HMa © CBora npeAe.ia Ha nacM8 8 hhhtobh (nyHKTOBH 
Tasmania) npHHecra KaKOBe roAe HMaA« Teroie n »Bpe- 
AeHia. npoTHBi npBora KOMncnoHCKora HapeatAeHia h npnBH- 
jieria HapoAHa, ii.au 6eao © BoeHCKe crpaHe, rah © ko- 
rnopcKe, h^h crape h^h HOBe rpaBaMHHe (Teime, ;Ka./i6e). 
TaKO h Bame xpacro./iK>6e , Aa ce cupaBHTe Aona , ©a Ta- 
Monme CTpaHe Asa q^oBeKa , aKo 6a cie noc.aa.flH H3 EeniTe 
rocnoAapa KanniaHa MaHOH^an ©crporoHCKaro roonoAaea 
KanHiaHa Hjihio ftKmana. a Hannane Kora bh catfopHO 
H3BO^H r re HapeAHTH,ca norpetfHHM'b TponiKOMb cbohmi, Aa 
CTHTHexe Ha ape^enn poKi 8 neTpoBapaAHHCKH inaHH,i>, 
6e3i> HHKoera npecjunnama , hhth Aa neicaTe Aptfrora nat-Ma 



KrirrnqKn uoimea ha npouuocT opba y yrAPCKOJ 217 

(5 Hac/L » tom-l. AaTO » KapoBUH iieceua AvBrncTa 16 (£i) 
Ahb 1722. 

y HGAOCTaTKy AOKa3a h npesia Ma^eHOM (Jpojy cimcoBa, 
kojh roBope o canopy oa roAHHe 1722. HaBemheMO OBAe 
joiu je^aH AOKa3 y nyHOMOhnjy 6yAMMCKe jenapxnje, iiito je 
jenapxnjcKPT ca6op a^o cbojhm nocaaHHunna R/iHJn Jaiunnhy 
KaneraHy ocTporoHCKOM , CraHOJy PaAOJeBHhy H3 By anna, 
h ToAopy Mn^aHOBHliy H3 CeHTaHApeje. Obo nyHOMOhnje 
Macn oBaKO : 

,,Mh HH3H HHCaHH 3HaHO MHHHMO C OBHM HamHM IIHCMOM 

CBaKH n»Tb, KaKO ce caK«nnnie HH3H *cKa3aHH no peAY ro- 
cnoAapn nopaAH noc/iaHora nHcaHnn c5 npeocBemTeHora ro- 
cnoAHHa MHTpono^HTa BnheHTHia ca6opa paAH , koh e Ka3aHB 
ohth (0 poaiAacTBH npecBerae BoropoAnnn ABrycTa 8-or (obo 
je ciyqaJHa norpemKa , jep je oBaj npa3HHK cBanaA 8. CenT.) 
Ha n,e./iH enapxnio (jsahmckh Baporat Ta6aHb , h IlemTH , Taico- 
l>epL h fi>A CeHTaHApew , n (OciporoHb , h Ctohho Be^inrpaAB 
h npo i iHMt CK8na H36paTH h noc/iara ABa Ao6pa rocnoAapa 
ue./io. CaBpraeHa (5 ©Be ropHe crpaHe. Toro paAH mhx caBa- 
KynHBmn ce cKHna cadopHO ca cBenrrenHun h wcTaiiH Aoae- 
pe^ieHH rocnoAapn , h H36pacM0 eAHHO a»biho nc noMet)« Hacb, 
npBOMb rocnoAHHa KaneiaHa H3 CrtcTporoHa Hmio IftKnraka, 
nopeAt Hera rocnoAapa Ctrhor PaAoeBHha, H3 CeHTaHApee 
rocnoAapa TecoAopa MiMOBaHOBHhb (5 3a cBe Hac AO.ie ca- 
6op» , Aa ce noip«Ae h 3a HacL Aa 6hahh. H lOMBHnrae hml 
HeHe Ha Aani» no ABa iJiopnHTa <o hhhom cbcms TpomKu, caMO 

KO^a , IIITO HML nOOOHHCMO , Ha KOH he G>HH HhH ", H TaKIIM 

HaMHHOM, mTO 6h AP»rora noc/iajin He 6h^o ©kpomi. paAH 
ca6opa, Aa xoAe. 3aio n WBau KOH'rpaKb caAe HaraHHGMO 
6oao\i BepH Ha oBe nocjiaHe ipn rocnoAape, n hhhoiI spe- 

HeHOH HOHH, HITO CMO CBH KOHTeHTH Ha HHHB n»TI> . Ha BOB 

caAe hhx <Dnpa./iamo e paBHOM n eAHaKOM bo.iom, n c iiauiii 
ne^aTH. C ihmhm iiamaHOMb uoTBljaeaio . mux dhpobb' JKnuaiii. 
BpaiiKOBHiii. ca eniKHTH. 



218 KPHTH1KH imp. II.. l. ha III'OIII.IOCT CPBA V VTkSC&OJ 

(M. II). Mhx MaHOOB HiikujiiiIi H3 IleniTe, ca ©cta.iii. 

(M. II). Mhx (5npoBL MnxajMB JoBanoBuii OeHTaBApeft- 
ckh, ca emK8TH. 

(M. II). Mux r Becj>p^ne hb CxoHHor EeorpaAa ca oria.m. 

(M. II). Mhx dnpoBB Jo)]'.aui. 113 HIoiiikotu ca ocTajiH. 

HeMnjyiiii Apyre noAaiKe catfopy roA. 1722. H3 oBora 
MHTponojiHTOBor nncaia Moreno AOSHaxu : 

1). H3 OHora H3pa3a ,,Aom./ia ijecapcEa pe30./iyu,na 
Ha h a m a h a p a h a n p hi e h i a a , A03naj esio , mia h nesiy 
cy BehaviH cadopa oa toa. 1715. 1716, 1719-e. 

2). J\,k je noMGHyTa hecapeBa pe30.ayn,iija jaaiauHo y Be3H 
ca ohhm AeKpeTOM , hito je feecap Kapjia VI 6-or CenT. ncTe 
roAHHe noAHHcao y 3^aTHOM Ilpary, kojhm Ha^aate yrap- 
ckom cadopy, Aa cpncue npHBB.ael>HJe HHapTHKyayje h Ha 
noTBpAy H,eMy (kecapy) noma.i>e. (Mh cmo OBaj AeupeT ca- 
oninTHJiH y CpncKOM ./Le'ronncy 113 kh>h3h Ha CTpaHH 142 h 
143-oj). A Mel^y thm Beh cmo HanpeA aa-Be^H, Aa je tecap 
6am Ha peMeaoM yrapcKOM cadopy yroBapao ca Mafyapnaia 
nparMaTHMKOj caHKHHJH , a hoihto cy Mafyapn ncxy npar-Ma- 
thikj' caHKHHjy, h noTOsie peA HacfceACTBa xa6c6yproBCKe 
AHHacraje npHBiH/in h npH3HajH h y aieHCKOj CTpaHH. to je 
peneHH AeKpeT , Kao jKpTBa noirapeaa n cnopa3yMeBaH>a ano- 
crojiHHKor Epa^a ca MafyapcKOM apncTOKpaiinjoM h xnjepap- 
xhjom , craB.ieH y aKTa cadopco , Aa y ApyniTBy ca Kpyme- 
Ao^ckhm npeA^oroM oa 1 70S. ocraHe, Kao ycnomeHa, a MosAa 
h Kao onoMeaa la^apcKe CHiinaTHJe npena cpncKOM HapoAy- 

3). /l,03HajeM0 H3 noieHyrora HHTpomMHTOBa nncMa n to, 
Aa je HapoAHE cadop roAHHe 1722. Apraaa y BapaAHHCKOi 
niaBuy a to he penn y Hobom Ca-Ay. — Ha j 3a a Ao3Haje3io: 

4). A a ce Ha obom HOBocaACKoai cadopy Bena/io h Tero- 
daia , yBpeAasia HapoAHHX npHBH^ernja , n CBHMa HapoAHHM 
s rpaBaMHHaMa." Kao hito je cam mhtpoecot BeK y hoshbhhhh 
03HaHH0 y peqnia: „Aa nia (5 cBora npeAeaa Ha nnciup h 
n»HTOBn npHHecrH, KauoBe roAe nnaAH TeroTe n HBpeAOHia, 



KPiiTniKii noiviEA ha npoiu.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 219 

npoTHB npBora KoincioHCKora HapeatAema h npHBH^ieria Ha- 
po/i,Hn, h;ih 6eao w BoeHCKe cipane h^h w KoiopcKe (hoa 
KojnMa KOMopaMa crajaxy Cpdn npoBnHu,nja;mcTe n pa3rpaHH- 
qeHe BOJHHqKe KpaJHe) hm cTape n.in HOBe rpaBainHe." 

TpaatetiH jom BHme no/i,aTaKa o obom cadopy, Hanmao cam 
jom Ha je^aH chhc H3 dyAHMCKe xpaHHOHHije , bhcmo odpKann- 
Tana ELinje JaKmnta, oa 24. Mapia 1724. m CeHTaHApeje 
nncaHO. 

H obo hhcmo H./mje JaKnraha , kojh je dno noaaaHHK Ha- 
poAa as 6yAHMCKor AHCTpHKTa, ynpaBo je iteroB nsBeniTaj, 
kojh hoahoch jenapxHJcKoui cadopy dyAHMCKe AnjeH,e3e. 

Hs 0Ba JaKranKeBa H3BeniTaja jom HeniTO A03Hajeuo 
paAH>H HOBOcaACKor cadopa oa roA- 1722. 

A Hajiie A03HajeMO , Aa ce Ha peieHOM cadopy Bet OHAa 
paAH.no o TOMe, Aa ce Kap.aoBa i iKa n deorpaACKa MHTpono- 
juga jeAHHH n cnojn, h Aa ce paAH Tora jeAHHCTBa yiuoim 
h y cxaae nosoja craBH ociape^ii npedc/mn n Hein MHTpo- 
nojiHT BntieHTHje , a Aa ce npoiviacn 3a norviaBapa cpncKe 
u,pKBe 6eorpaACKH Mnipono^HT Mojcnje IleTpoBHh , kojh je 
oa Kap./ia VI jom 8-or (kiodpa 1718. noiBpljeH 3a MHTpo- 
no^iHTa 6eorpaACKor , a 16-or HoBem. 1720. toa. jom n Ba- 
HaT je noA^HfteH iteroBoj mhtpoho^htckoj Bjiacra. 

y cbom nncMy oa 25. ^eKei. 1718. toa. mhtpoho-iht 
BflLeHTHJe Ha3HBa cede ^apxaenncKonb n MHTpono jut's 
cpdcKH", a y hctom nncMy Be^in „rocnoAHHi> dpaTt 
Movch MH'rpono^HTL de^nrpaACKn." — y cbom Apy- 
tom uncMy oa 1-or CenTddpa 1719. toa- cam cede hoahh- 
cyje „apxHenHCKOH cpdcKLin n MmponoJinT cpiMCKu." 
A y nncMy cBojepyraoM oa 16 Asrycia 1722 noAnncyje ce 
BnheHTnje „apxHenncKon n bpxobhh MHTpono.'iHTb c.ioBeHO- 
cpdcKHH. " 

Ho ce bhah H3 JaKninfceBor nsBeiiiTaja jom ji to , Aa 
MHTpono^HT nexTeAe h3bpihhtu 3aiu.y x iKe HOBOcaACEor caoopa, 
ii Aa je Aocra dopde dn^io oko Tora , Aa y i iHHH no HapoAnoj 



_'J0 BPHTH1KH Ilol.il., 1 I1A IN'OM.IOCT CPDA y yrAPCKOJ 

aie.bH Kojii My je cBoje MHiiLi>en>e npeKo cbojhx nocMHiiKa 
H3j;uuio Hit caoopy y BapaAHHCKOM maBny. 

Taj JaKuiHheB HSBennaj y Koaie oh Aaje pa-iyiia o cbom 
paAy Kao HapoAHH noc/iaHMK , jeuapxnjcKOM cadopy, caonnrra- 
BaMO, Kao jeAHHH cnoneHHK y cbom poA}' 

w B^.aropG)AHH , h d.iaroqacTHH rocnoAapH ©(JpKanirraHn h 
©CTajin lacTHH oxjiHunpH . HaM Ba rocnoAe cBoiicTBeHHaa 6pa- 
Ti©, h rocnoAapn jhoGhmh h npeBajKAeyieHHH. 

BainHX (foaropoAiax qacrHoe nncame 6^aro^enflo ecMO 
npHMH.in, h Ba ca HHcaiaa omnia Hama H3B0^i€Hia ecMO pa- 
3«Me.in. H t3ko HeMeA^eHBO ecMO ce Ba ch catfpajM, KaKO 
ecu. Ka HaMb npnmajib rocnoAHHb ©6pKannTaHb H^ia, h khhho 
nonniJiH ao CBeiH-AHApen Ka nx npe©cBeniTeHCTBH. H tierapn 
KpaTb noc/ie Hamero MeatAtfcooHaro pa3roBopa , gcmo hium 
cacTain ce ca HieroBHM nptoocBeniTeHCTBOMX rocnoAHHOM'b mh- 

TpOnOJlHTOMT). H HHCMO MOOH HH MU.R BHAeTH Hi€roBa 6a&- 

KeHCTBa , roBopetii , j\,a ce HeMoateMo cacraTH , 3a nrro ce 
napn. Hero ipe3 rocn. B^aADK'd Mnxaoa ecMO ©roBope npn- 
Ma^iH , np*BH n ApHrn ©roBwpi. , Aa me roBopeHO , qjis. npima 
sae He ©hh npBH catfopB » HIaHH,8 BapaAHHCKOMS, 
nopaA Hac.ieAia MHTpono^iHTCKaro, Hero roBopn to- 
jihko , Aa KaKO cnlje r raMO Ao.fle , Aa xohe B^aAHKe h cadop 

HaKH H 3aT0 H3H0Ba K8HHTH CO CafflaCTBitO CBeT. /l,Hxa. H Ha 

to naK ecMO MeMopia^ne hoihjih h npoMMH ce, j\sl HaMb ©ro- 
Bopb AJ»Ae hocjioahh , dito KeMO ©roBopHTH BafflHtro- 
cncoACTBiaM'b, H./1H ce ApiKH cadcopHaro h cBoera npBaro 
AoroBopa , b.ih He , h Aa catfopa Apsrora mh 3aT0 Bnme He- 
MoaieMo HMaia; Hero ?to cmo eAaHb Kpai"b h^ihhh^h, 
can3B0^HjiH couiHTe h HOAHHcajiH ce, hhth ce MKH MH 
cMeMo hh MoaieMO cadnpaTH , h caciaHKa ©nnrraro ^hhhth 6e3 
AonsnneHia ABopa uecapcoro , oko ec» Tan ©oViail caMH 
»qHHH^H , hhth naKi BpenieHa CBoero s tomi rH(>HTH ; h xap- 

4HTH Ce H Tp8AHTH , Hero IHTO 6 6AaHl H8Ti AOKOHaTO Ca- 

6o)pHO , Ha o)ho ce cBarAapT. aP'^hmo , h caAa n 8 BanpeAaKi 



KPUTU4KH nOr.lEA HA IIPOIILIOCT CPBA Y yrAPCKOV 221 

h HaAT) CBHMb thml AaaeMO eniTe n pa3MBBLieBia pa3./iBaaa 

ABOpS BO-flO&BTB , BITO ce TO.IHEO Kpaib Ca()HpaM<0 B KaKWBT) 

pa3roBopi) BMaMW , b Aa ae abobmo . KaKO ABopi> uapcun Bie 
pa38Meco 3a BpBa aaaib cacTaaaK. b 3a oobo B36paaie aa- 
cieAia MBTp(OBO.'iBTCKar(o. EtaKT) 3aio b AP«ra hhtb a& ce 
AaBaio BpocHTB, n 3aio Ke Aocra mhcm 6btb. H KOBaaao 
Aa 3aaMO Hafinocae bito ae Ban. wroBOpaiB. p,& BaaiEMX 
rocaoAapcTBiaMi) (oaaiaeMO. 

H aaKB ape3i> rocBOAaaa b.™abkh Mflxaa.ia eeaio (Sro- 
Bopi. aa to ao6e;i0, Aa AO ca6opa peaeaBaro ae Mose ubtb. 
H aaflaocyie Aa e <DKa3ao , Aa aeAa bbtb xora AoaHnrra ubtb. 
8 thmi Be3aaM0 ai-o mbcjib , a KaKOBe caBeiaBKe AP«re ciHiaa, 
a aro he B3 Tora 6btb. 

Hero BamBMi. rocaoAapciBiaM mh cbbx BEiKe EtoAaacaia 
dpaicKB codsaaaioioaiTe CEB,eBoe , mb ctohmo b apsbmo ce 
©Bora aaaiero apBaro caaBai€Bia b ca6opBaro BTBpbjKAeaia, 
b xoaeMO b 3aK'reBaMO, KaKO tb Bame diiaropoAie, mb Be 
(ScTHaaMO (5 aarae peaa . Beaaiax b nacMax . a a tbm ivie- 
Aaare Ao6po b ibto aeie BBcara b tocboabbh mbtpobomth h 
aaMb. Eorb 3aa . xoae ah ao to ao6\i bx apewcBemTeacTBO 
iKBBeTB , (>8A8aB »BaKO» TeaiKOW 6o^e3aiio G)6TeaeBb . a Aa 
ce aro apa^saa , MOJKe B3 -rora b BeMKa KOB({)B3ia Mean fla- 
poAOMi) 6btb. — H aio ae Te tbopbtb , B3BO;iisaTe . Ba;m 
aea'ro a tbm Aa BMa. C tbmt> BpeBapsaawtia ce ©CTaeMO 
(MaropcoAaax o\/iaroqecTiax Baaiaxt Beaae Bepaa , hcpabb. 
eABBCTBeaBB a MaaaiB cisEBTe^ie a 6paiia Baraa . obbbib 
Ba cbx B^eaBBOTeBaiwBa.i (M. II). Liia IAkhiiiU ©tfpKam- 
Taab 24. MapTa 8 CBeTE-ABApea 1724. 

y Be3B ca oBHM'b B3BeiBTajeM H^aje JaiuaBha ctojh h 
yapaBO Aoaya>yje bbcmo aosaaTor Kaae'raaa MaHOH-ia Hbko- 
Jinta B3 IleiBTe oa 22. MapTa 1724. y komc aaBie 6yahm- 
ckom Taaaay: 

„Ba Kpa-rae B3B'tcT»eM0 BaniHM hh/locthbtl , KaKO 3HaTe a 
caMB npe^e Aa ecTt Aomao rocnoAapt otfpKaneTanb Ihia . h 



222 BPHTH1KH IIOr.lKA HA III'OIII.IOCT cpba y mPCKOJ 

aoKa3ao HauiL cboio n.ieHHHO'reHHiio w KpanniHHXi rocnoAa- 

pOB'L 0({>IIHIIp€OB'I> . KaKO C8 II HUM TOMB nnca./in , a He abo- 

HMb Taiiul)C[n. h BaML. II HHeroBO rocnoACTBo ne ana ce oal 
oaBHiH, Hero HMa a Ap»ro 0A<iBAe a^io. 3a ro mh . koh 
heMo ce oAaBAe HapeAHTH , xoheaio ao Bamnx MMJiociex c«Tpa 
paHO TciMo aoKh. Hero p,n ce pasroBopHTe , h Koe HapiAirre, 
Aa 6«a» paHO totobh. KaA dii cmo n mh Ka BaM npnni.ui. 
Aa 3aeAHO nofyeMo rope ao CeHiaHApee. IlaKH Kesio ce oHAe 
cbh 3aeAHO AoroBopn™ , (Ha jenapxnjcMOM ca6opy) h othth h 
HeroBa npiwcBemTeHCTBa rocnoAHHa MniponojiHTa , A&- bhahmo 
3a xaKOBO a^ao KOHua , sanrro KpanHCKHMt rocnoAapnaia Ba.ira 
Haifc SroBopt AaBaTH , a 3HaMt , j\,& he n rocnoAHHt mettjo- 
no./iHTb Movcne hohth rope." — — — — — — — — 

Mefyy thm MHTpono./iHT BntieHTMJe, Kao mio o H>eMy ro- 
Bopn HeKH xpoHHCTa: 1 ) „Mhtpohojihtb HiMin, 6o.ii3HH 6o 
paAH Be^iHKO noBpesAeH'L (Ji h\3hk ero, n Hemorame hhcto 
h cKopo roBOpHTH", y cbojoj BejiHKOj (So.LeTHHH n He Morame 
OAroBopnTH nocjiaHHH,HMa 6yAHMCEor jenapxnjcKor catfopa, a 
siafte uiorarae paAHTH Ha HapoAHnai noc^oBHMa, a 3a CBora 
aiHBOTa He xieAe yciynHTH cBy MHTponuiHTCKy BJiacT cbom 
M^ialjeM upaiy 6eorpaACKOM MniponoJiflTy Mojcnjy EeipoEnhy. 

Ha^a3HM0 ncTHHa OBAe OHAe Tpara paAH>n MHTpono.iHTa 
MojcHJa join y toa- 1718-oj, n bhahmo ra, rAe noMeHyxe ro- 
AHHe AO.ia3H n y ByAHM, a no3Hnje Ha./ia3HMO ra nae ro- 
AHHe h y Beny, rAe Tpaatn oa tecapeBa ABopa npnBH.iernje 
3a CBOjy npecTO^HHHy BeorpaA , Kao hito HMaxy f>yAHMCKH n 
nennaHCKH Cpdn. 

3a nyAO HaM je, mio Ha cadopnMa toa. 1719 h 1722 He 
Hayia3HM0 MHTpon. Mojcnja , h OHe npeKocaBCKe Cp6e CBe ao 
cmpth MHipon. BnteHTHJa , kojh je yupto 9 Okt. 1725 toa. 

H ieK too Hakn Ha sajeAHH^KOM cadopy y EapjioBnH 
toa. 1726 CBe Cp6e , kojh cy TaAa 6eae hoa BJiaAOM Ke- 
capa Kapjia VI. 

') Biun r.iaHiiK Ap- Cp. C.i. eh>. VI toa. 1854. CTp. 48 n 49. 



KpUTHHKII nOr.lEA HA IIPOIIUOCT CPBA V JTAPCKOJ 223 

CBa je npMHKa , a& je BapoA cpucEn Tpaaiao jeAHHCTBO 
EapjioBaqKe n deorpaflCKe apxnjenncKonnje. Kao mio jacHO 
bhahmo H3 nomeHTTor naBenrraja KaneTaHa ILanje JaKmntia. 
TAeroBopn: „nopaA HacaeAia MHTponoMTCKaro. " Ho bhaiijio 
h to y noMeHjTOM H3BeniTajy, KaKo ce toji onrareji HapoA- 
hom 3aK r reBy npoxHBn HHipono^HT BnheHTHJe. 

JeAHO AaKje noaiAa cypeBHOBaite MHTpon. BnlieHinja. a no- 
r.iaBHTO TeiKita (Je^Kora ABOpa n Ma^apcKe apHCTOKpanHJe, x^ 
Cpoe BeyjeAnne 1 ) y jeAnucTBy He ocHaaje, n Aa obh nosRape-Bai- 

KnM MHpOM HOBOnOCTaBfflH ayCTpHJCRH ApSKaB.LaHH, He AOt)T ao 

ohhx hcthx npHBHJierMJa^HHX npaBa, Kao hito cy Ao6n.ni epn- 
ckh OTce^eHHHH oa Aeono^Aa I, CBe to Be./iHM CTajarae na nyry 
ohhm Heamma h Mafyapnia, yjeAHH>eH>e Cp6a Kao 3a3opHO. 

Kao djto BHA6CM0 y TOKy BpeieBa oa 1713. ao 1726. 
roA- HMaine Cpdn 6 HapOAHHx ca6opa. 

Ho AojaKomftHM hctophjckhm noAai'UHMa ao AYine join 
Ma/io 3HaM0 . mTa je Ha obhm ca6opnaia pafyeHO. Ho no H3- 
Bpc-HOM n CBecHOM cadopcKor paAa roAHHe .1726. bhahmo Be- 
yiHKe KHpncTH oa obhx MecTHX cadopa. JeAHa n Ba^Ha je 
KopncT 6n./ia, hito je y obhm yqecTaHHM napjiaiie-HTHnii 6op- 
(5ana napoAHa cBecT CBe ce Bnme cHaatnM n jawa. A npeMa 
CBe Beta Hana ay Ha HapoAHa npaBa oa CTpane 6e T me BAaAe, 
a noMaBHTo oa ma^apcKe apncTOKpannje n xnjepapxnje . join 
KaKO je 6n/ia noTpeCma i m.ia n hito ja^ia HapoAHa caMOCBi 
Aa ce mio cHaamnje OAynpe noA^oj MaxnHannju MafyapcKe 
rocnoAe. Koja je nocie npimaua npamani'iKt' caiiKunje n 
Tajnor yroBopa ca cbojhm anocTOJiHJCKHM JanycoM ( i iar uap. 
nac Kpa.i.) cbom ciLinoM npeAy36Jia. ,ia ciOMffje a yiuimni 
cpncKn napoA , n Ben cnpeiraa uii.ia . ; v» Cponua orae 3e- 
M^nniTe 6aiKe n noMopnniKe BOJHmine KpaJHe. 

Apyra n TaKol>a BaatHa KopHCT r v»m.ia oa OBor catfopn- 
caH>a , iiito je napoA npeKO cbojhx npeACTaiuiiiKa MHoro .laKiiie 

') Biiaii no3HHJe cirace d npeniiCKe MHTponojiiiTa Mojclfja y ro- 

,.IUIII 1729-oj. 



224 UIMITIIMKII [lOIVlE/l, IIA IIpOlll.lOCT CPBA y WAPCBOJ 

Morao KOHTpo^HcaTH cBOj'e HpKBeHe r^aBape h c thai mx 
jiaiuue Morao o'lyiMTH oa npeBeAHKor ynMBa BA&fljmoT n 
y/Uiapan.a rocnoAapehuM ejeiieHTHMa Ha HapoAHy iiito'it. 

Kojihko ce TpyAiime oViKa B^a^a h MafyapcKa rocnoAa, 
Aa roBeJiH >iacTo,i>y6.T>y h ceoJi'iHorrn Hamiix upKBemix bqag- 
AOCTOJHHKa , h.hx yAOBe , h oa h,hx HannHe 3roAHa h onacHa 
opyfya 3a cBoje B^acTOAydnBe 'reaui.e , Koje ce Moraxy ocTBa- 
Phth npBo orpaHMyeiteM a no3Hnje yHHUi r reH>eM cpncKnx Ha- 
POAhhx npaBa. 

Ma./io iac yBepnheMO ce , Aa cy HeMa^Ka h Ma^apcKa ro- 
cnoAa Bet oa 1722 toa- 3a cBoje HHTepece aaAodnjiH n pas- 
hhm odetaitHMa jaobeae cednnHor h HeepefiHor B^iaAHKy apaA- 
CKor h noTOH.er MHTpono^Hia BnheHraja JoBaHOBnta. 

Obh cy Aaoe eatfopn BeoMa kophchh 6um cpncKOM Ha- 
poAy, Kojn ce Hajia3arae y HenpnpoAHOM nojioasajy, HenMajytiH 
aoAwmHKj camoynpaBy, HenMajytiH AaKJie 3aKOHHTor TepeHa, 
Aa ce Kao ho^hth^kh HapoA CHaatn n yHanpefyyje. OcyfyeH, 
Aa jkhbh Kao oho HeoAa HcpaMhaHH hoa npBOCBeheHHnnMa, 
a Mefyy thm odmaHyT oa CBaKor no peAy Ma.l>apcKor anocro- 
.aniiKor Kpa.ia , kojh My Kao aycTpnjcKH tecapn npnBHAHO ho- 
TBptjHBaxy npHBH^erirje , a Kao MafyapcKH Kpa/beBH rasnrae 
ncia ocBeteHa npaBa. 

Ben no ohhm KopncTHMa , ihto HMaxy Cp6n oa obhx yie- 
CTaHHx ca6opa, MoateMo cyAHTH, kojihkh 6a HanpeAaK ynn- 
hh^h Cp6n, kojihko oh MopaMO n MaTepnjajiHO y Ky;iTypHOM 
h eKOHOMHOM npaBiij ojanajin Cp6n Kao HapoA, kojh je oa 
npnpoAe odAapeH 6ho BaHpeAHHM Mopa.iHHM h <|)H3hhhhm cboj- 
CTBaMa , Aa je caMO HMao saKOHHTor seMAnnrra noTpe^Hor csa- 
kom HapoAy, 3a HyiKHo pa3BHJhe CBoje HapoAHe ocodnHe. 

Jom y obo Ao6a, o KOMe caAa roBopHMO, h Hnje HapoA 
cpncKH Morao oceraTH Be^nnnHy nponacTH y Kojy ra ceun<mocT 
Mal)apcKa nocTeneHO nomcKHBa^a , ohihth KapaKTep aycipnj- 
CKor MyqKor AecnoTH3Ma, He AW My jacHO npoivieAaTH h pacno- 
3HaTH npaBan cMnm.ieHe h yApyateHe AP^BHHHKe no^HTHKe. 



kphtiiikii nor.iEA ha npoin.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 225 

A TaKBOM atadocHOM Hepa36npaH,y h Heno3HaBaH,y onac- 
hocth xaKBe ApataBHe nojiHTHKe, MHoro je AonpHHe-ia cajio- 
odMana, Koja je noHHKJia H3 BOJHHqKor no^ioataja, y Koaie ce 
Hayia3ame BeknHa Opda. Ta bojhh^io 3ace6Ha TaKO pekn Ha- 
po^Ha caMoynpaBa , no kojoj HapoA caM cedH dnpame BojmmKe 
iviaBape , Ta oko^hoct dito obh KpaJHiHHnnn HeMaxy cnaxnje, 
Beh 6ejaxy B.aacTHTH rocnoAapn cbojhx 3eMa.ta h HMaoBHHe, 
CBe OBe okojihocth ^pataffle HapoA cpncKH y aia^ocHoj caMO- 
oCkaHH , ^a je rocnoAap cBora 3eM.i.HiHTa , n aa je no TOMe 
MHoro cpeiiHHJn oa ohhx ApataB.LaHa , ni'ro cxajaxy Kao po- 
6obh hoa ynpaBOM MafyapcKHX ahbahx cBeTCKnx n hohobckhx 
cnaxnja, h Hecnie Bjiacxejie. 

OBaj Bekn ^eo Cpda no cbom bojhhmkom ycrpojcTBy da- 
jame hoa HenocpeAHOM ynpaBOM ABOpcKor BoJHor caBei'a y 
Be*iy. y oho Aoda, jom n ohh y yrapcKOM npoBHHHnja./iy 
atHBehn Cp6n crajaxy hoa hcthm denKHM „xo(|)KpnrcpaTOM." 

H Ma A«t cy Cp6n Kao bojhhhh y MHorodpoJHHM paTOBHMa 
no cBHMa jeBponcKHM KpajeBnaia HeonncaHO CTpaAa^n n rn- 
Hy.in 3a c/iaBy n Kopncx oVikhx Lecapa , aji cy dap ohh 
koa cbojhx Kyha 3aocTaBfflH Cp6n 6eae mo6oahh h no Tome a^- 
jieKO cpetiHHJH oa MatjapcKHX BiiacTeocKHX noAaHHKa (jobagy). 

IIO CBOJOJ HHAHBHAya^HOJ CJ060AH , He3aBHCHM0CTH OA MHO- 

rnx chthhx THpaHa , h Hey3HMaxy Cp6n Ha yii itnxoBy noA- 
nHfteHoc/r Kao HapoA (>e3 rpafyaHCKHx npaBa n no.inrHqKor 
caMO onpeAe^efta. A HaJBnme je AoupHHe./io oboj caMO ooMatm, 
niTo cy obh KpaJHumnn,H Kao BOJHHHH yjKHBa.!H TaKO pelill 3U- 
jeAHHtJKH obo y ciBapn desnpaBHO ciaite. 

H 110 TOMe heMo jiaKO non>aTH ltHxoBy ro.ieMy OABpaT- 
hoct oa npoBHHii,njayiHcaii.a , iiito he peKH oa npejiasa ma n 
npHBHAHO cjio6oAHor ciaita y HeocnopHO rpo3HO craii.o Maijap- 
CKor BjiacTeocKor noAaHHKa. HeMa cyMBe, aa cy obb Cptfa 
KpaJHiuHHij,H h HJiJMan.e A03HajiH sa OHaj MyiKH yroBop, no 
KOMe cy Ma^apcKHM apucroKpaTHMa cpaMHo n rposHO upoAaxn 
oa cbojhx .iiajo.iiBHX kecapa, jasnuwo uii ce jom paimje, 

Tjachuk XXXVIII. -15 



226 uriiTii l iKii iiui.h.,i, ha iipoiiuoct CPBA v prAPOEOJ 

3a BpOMO TypCKHX paTOBa CBH UaXOH 0TC6MJ1H Ma Ky^a, caMO 

Aa He Aofyy hoa 'raKBe aApanoBue , Kao bito cy «jh.ih ohh 
chthh h nponaym u oa Typaita H36ermH h no KapnaTCKMM ro- 
paMa npHKpHBenH mafyapcKH UAemahu, koj'ii cy ca cbojhm nep- 
rameBTHMa hckoih^h H3 cbojhx ryAypa, a,u ipaae CBOJy Ije- 
AOBHHy, itojy cy ohh 'raito KyKaBHiKH TypHHMa ycxynn^H, 
noniTo Cpf>n oiHCTHBie 3eMj>y oa Typaua. 

H3 OBora hito peKOdo, aioaie CBaKii c)'ahth oho rpo3HO 
H 6e3o6pa3HO TBpl^eii.e Ma^apcKHX tjoja ^ndepa^Hnx ncxopHKa 
XopBa-ra h Ca./iajnje, kojh ce He craAe npeA cyAOM ECTopnje 
Hspeliii TaKO 6ecrHAHy npecyAy, A a cy Cp6n AHB.i.anu, 
hito HexTeme hphmhth d^aroAeiH npecpehHor craaa 
h atHBOBaH>a hoa MafyapcKHM c^o6oahhm ycraHOBHMa, 
n hito cy npeAnocTaBJbajiH cboj poncKH no^oaiaj hoa 

BOJHH l IKHM yCTpOJCTBOM, H HOpeA BOJHH<IKHX 3aKOHa, 

Mal^apcKOM ahbhom 3aKOHHKy „Corpus juris" — n. 

Ha OBaKy HecaBecHy npoHnjy h xhbokphctbo , cBaKH £>ec- 
npncrpacTaH TOBeK Mose pekn : Aa rpo3HH h cedn^iHH HapoAB 
HMajy rpo3He n ce6nime HCTopiKe. 

/l,a ce caAa BpaTHMO h Aa£>e nponpaTHMO najKitOM ao- 
rafyaje, Koje cy HenocpeAHO npeAxoAHM catfopy KapjiOBaqEOM 
roA- 1726. 

Ka3a.iH cmo , Aa ce ca cBeTCKe no3opHnu,e yEAOBHO Mnrpo- 
homt BntieHTHJe , a H>eroBO MecTO mh ynpaBO MecTO cpncKor 
MHTpono^Hia h apxHJenncKona Kap/ioBa*iKor n CfeorpaACKor 3a- 
y3e Mojcnje HeTpoBnL HeteMO ce nocTHAera , bko obom mh- 
TponojHT KaaieMO , Aa je oho oa CBnjy MHTpono.flHTa Haj6o.i>H 
HOMaBap cpncKe u,pKBe. Bp^HHe OBora MHTponoMTa y tuihko 
BHHie naAajy y oih , y ko^ihko je 6no rposHHJn n noKBapeHnjn 
H>eroB HenocpeAHH Hac&eAHHK HecpetHH BnheHTnje JoBaHOBnL 

BnAe./iHCMO, KaKO ce mhtpoho^iht Mojcnje, jom toa- 1718 
oAMax noniTo AycTpHJaHHH 3ay3eme BeorpaA, 6pnat.LHBO CTapa 
yHanpet)eH>y n ocHrypaH>y cBor CTO;in i iHor necTa h rpal^aHa 
6eorpaACKHX. 



KPHTn^KH iior.iEA ha nPOffl.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 227 

TaKu teio ra HaliH 3a cbo BpeMe H>eroBor, Ha atajiocT 
EpaTKor MHTpono^HTOBaH.a. Ho je BpeMe aeroBor mhtpohojih- 
TOBan,a ncnyaeHO Ae^iHMa 036n.i>Be pa^ite. H mh neMO caon- 
mTHTB mTo BHme h cbg BiTO je Baaranje ypaAno , h.ih hito 
cy 3a to AO^a Apyrn ypaAnjur. 

3a paA 6o&e oueHe H>eroBe y cBasoM odsnpy KopncHe.H 
poAO.T.y6nBe paAite , OBAe h3hochmo aeroBO hhcmo , bito je 4. 
Maja 1724. H3 EeniTe nicao 6yAHMCKOM TaHaqy, H3 Kora 
teMO bhahth, KaKO ce Ton/io 3ay3HMame 3a npaBa cbojhx 
EeorpafyaHa. J hcto BpeMe BHAeteMO H>eroB tfncTap noivieA n 
3ApaBo cy^eae o cyACKHM h TproBanKHM cTBapnua. H3 ndor 
nncMa A03HaheM0, Aa je y BeorpaAy nodojao y oho BpeMe 
h TproBa^iKH cyA, a bhah ce, KaKO ce y iteMy cyAHdo. 

EoMeHyio hhcmo ho cbom opnrnHa^y y H3BOAy iviacn OBaKo: 

y noneTKy Be^in, Kaso ce TUipa TayKHh H3 ByAHMa n HeKn 
MapHHKa BeorpaAa pa3opTann;iH , h Aa ce ipnnyT ecann.m 
„n HHxne xecane ^eno (d^ihcthjih npeA neKOjiHKO 
nomTeHHH rocnoAapa OHAemHn « BeJinrpaAy; rAe 

HML 6CTB 6BO AytaHb H TprOBHHa HHXHa, KaKO n 

HaMB ecTb oor^ameHo (5 hcth ©hh nomTeHHH rocno- 
Aapa, koh ch h no TproBaniiOMS c»a« nopeA hiixi. 
ABonne HCKa3HBaHK>, n xecani noroAHJin n pa3c»- 
AH/ih; h HHCMeHO saK^ionnjin. /I, a caA naKH n© AP«rn 
n»TL HJioBeKa hctoto toto peneHHora Ma pn,HE8 h He- 
Mnp Aae-re ihhhth, h TpHijscTe caAt ©hhm nomTeHiiuM 
rocnoAapoMi> TproBuemi. » BeJinrpaA«, n xoheTe no AP«ru 
hbtb naKH (OBAe Aa hxl HacnyiseTe , Aa ce xecane , n c»a* 
Aa hml iHHU're, Koe tin 6haq na npeiOAHuiio (Omni 
noBrreHHoff Bapomn (JejinrpaACKoii, (5 Koe d8AQTB n 
npoTnmTa^auia h Ha Aayiuie npoMOTpeHie, Aa HeMoaeTe bh 
hhxhh ./hoah Taito Tp«uoBaTii. Hero aaTO flotfpo r."i<\T,aim\ 
hto nc Tora 6vj\,e na KOHau,i» aohmo. Ako .in ce 6vA,e ?to 
rocnoAapio TWpn r B8KnhK iqmBo BHAeyio, MoatCTe ra c Ba- 

pOfflKHM BaUIHM HOHITeBHHM nnCMOM peKOKOMOHAHpnBJITII . (OliaMO 



228 KNMii'iui imr.ii.,1 m n i-ohi.uk j CPBA J m.wckoj 

uiMiirpaAcKoit Bapouin iioiiiiciijui.m rocnoAapoMB cvfl,js,evib', ito 
e no lipaiiiiuu, Aa mh saAOBOJiHOCTL wjjiiu'ti. . saniTO hmi> e 
wiuiMO n A8hiiiii. dico n TpbroBima ; n MOBeK t;ui MapB[HKa 
h 3 Be.?i it i' p a a a '-• c t i. . e o e m b b ji ho mo ;k e t e t o y c » a ii t ii; 
Hero eroBi. cHAaHi> h BejmrpaAH." — 

A ca^a too tobopmth o canopy, kojb je mhtpohojiht 
MojcHje ca3Bao na AaH 2-or $e(5pyapa 1726-to roA- 

Hh jeAau nncan AocaAa cnoiieuyo nuje o obom canopy, a 
Mefyy thm je OBaj cadop 6ho jeAaH oa HaJBaatHHJHX. Ka He 
caMO iiito je na tom cadopy nsatfpaT AOTaAan>n mhtpoho.iht 
tfeorpaACKH Mojcnje 3a apxnjenncKona h MHTpono^Hia cBnjy 
Cpoa, kojh cy y oho ao6\i jKhbczih hoa BJiaAOH aycTpnjcKOM, 
ho je OBaj cadop h ho xoie BaataH £>no , ihto je Ha n,eMy 
yTBp^eHO jeAHHCTBO o6a apxnjenncKonaTa cpncsa , n ihto je 
cxo-ima MHTpono^HTCKa npeHeceHa y BeorpaA. 

Ochm Tora je BajKaH oho OBaj cadop h 36or pa3HHX Be^e- 
BaatHHX npeA^ora, kojh cy Ha hctom canopy npeipecaHH h 
oa ca6opa npHM.teHH. BaatHOcr obhx npeA^ora He yHnnnaBa 
ce c THMe , hito hx tecap no yn^inBy Mai>apcKOM Hnje caHK- 
nnoHOBao. BnAeKeMO, Aa nx cadop roAHHe 1730-Te y Beo- 
rpaAy H3 HOBa ycBaja , h Ha noTBpAy necapy hoahoch. 

JeAHO A^KJie , ihto je OBaj cadop HameM HapoAy AO caAa 
HenoBHai oho, a Apyro no BajKHOCTH npeAMeia, o Kojnia je 
Ha obom catfopy BenaHO ; ap^bmo , Aa je BeoMa noipedHO, nno 
BHme o H»eiiy npocdopniH. 

H aKO cmo Ha ApyroM Mecxy ') caonnrrH./in Bet HMeHa no- 
nocaaHHKa Ha obom catfopy, Aa He 6h no3enje OBy panrrpoHy 
rpafyy Mopa^in H3 HOBa npHEyn^aTH : to OBAe Ha hobo ca- 
onmxaBaMO no cnncy H3 6yAHMCKor apxHBa. 

1726. (}). (Oeopyapa) 6. wet* kohho ecuTi. 3Bara Ha 
ca6opi> 8 EapjioBHH co nocTaBjieHHio rocnoAHHa MHTpono- 
jini'a Moftcnaa IleTpoBHia Ha tfHrapiro h IEUaBOHHio. 



l ) Buah .leTonnc CpncRii Eft. 113 dp. 477 — 180. 



EPHTH1RH nOMEA Ha HPOm/LOCT CPBA J' yrAPCKOJ 229 

0) B»AHMa. 

TocnoAMHt ByiaAifKa MnxaiL/ii> Mn^omeBnq. 
ApxHMaHApHTi Hcane AHTOHOBimb c MaHacrnpa KoBHHa, 
koh e HapeatAeHi). 

Baponin 6i},a,nMCKe 3KHBaH/b BpaHKOBHTB. 
Bapornn CBera AHApen IIaBa./n> Pa^eHKOBHii). 
Baporan IleinTe MaHOHyio Ilaqnhi.. 

(Or BaHaTa. 

rocnoAHflt BjiaAHKa xamn H©aHHKne BjiaAiicaB.BeBni Te- 
MHfflBapcKHH. (Obo je dno npBH BJiHAHKa TeMnmBapcKn) h 
ApxHMaHApHT'L © KjiaAOBa. 
TocnoAHHT) o6pi» KaneTaHi> Bacfl7iHe (Hhko^hIi). 
Tocno/i.HH'L o6pt KaneiaHT) Octok\. 
h KanexaH HeTapT. (^CereAHHan,") 1 ) 
h KaneTaHt OraHKO. 
h npoTonona Mexhea^. 
h ApyrM npoTononi) Aeon^n. 
CBeniTeHO nepen Knp non Cnacoe. 
06pi> KHe3^ © Bpnma h ©mre ca eAHHMi> 
KHe30Mi) HnKOiioMt. 
KHesi. HcoBaHi) PamKOBHki). 
EHe3i) BorAaHi) BanaTCKH. 
KHe3i MapimKo. 

KHe31> liAtiHMb. 

Khg3I) xaain naBa-fli). 
IIpoTonona raBpMO BaHaTCEH. 
Hr«MOH r i, Hraannm MaHacrnpau/L. 
npoTonona BorocaBX ©t nope i irx. 
K.He3 r L ©t XpraaBe PaAOMiipi.. 



1 ) KaueTaii Baca Cere/unic'icu n iieyMi^n HeTap Cere/uniau Kaiut- 
rau iio'iaiicKii, o icojiiaia je rc-Bopeuo y 113 .'LcTOimcy CpncKOM 
Ha dp. 164 — 165. 



230 Ki'imi'iKii nor.iKj Ha iipoiii.ioct cpea y jtapckoj 

0)t Cepone. 

BjiaAHKa BajieBCKii Knp J\,ocwiGE (Huko.ihL Obrj je no- 
3Huje mwen jenHCKoncTBa.') 

Hr8MeHT> AeaawL oar MOHacTiipa BpaheBumHuL 
G)6p f t Kane'raH'L Kocra g>t EapahnHa. 2 ) 
Kane'ram, Ke30 TpoyaHCKn. 
Eane-raH Bain, cot I^pHe Bape. 3 ) 
KaneiaHt 6Bia Bhtkobh}i. 4 ) 



') y VI. r^iacHHEy Cpn. yq. /1,P- na CTp. 85 HeKii 6e3U3iemi icpo- 
Hniap bcm 3a oBora ByiaAusy „cen apxiepeB 3a hbkhio biihs 
» MUTpono^iHTa BmceHTirci I©aHOBaia pacTpii^eHi. n oSpnn, 

6UAT> ; H T8 BO AOMt HIKO.'ICKOM'B MHOrO 6*0.1'E3H8El (5 CepA06o.lt 

Ha KOHan,i> npecTaBiicw bi> KpafmeS Hennerfe 1739. 

2 ) y II r.iacHHKy Ha CTp. 226 y cnoMeHHKy HeicoM, dito ra je ca- 
onniTuo npoTa HeHaAOBnfe, enoMnae OBor KaneTaHa Koctj- ...iT. 
KocTa KantTaHt poaomt> iiuHpi (n,uHn,api>), HapaknHB KptnKn 
CTpaata ©t Hunia Ha PaiuaBH (3a5yTE, 6*pao koa yacHija c AecHe 
cipaHe pine "BeTUHt, koa yxnie y MopaBy) noTn6i. 

3 ) y noMeHyTOM cnoMeHHKy Ha hctoj CTparoi noA a. Bski. ©Copt 
KaniTam. H,pHo6apan, poaomt. SBopHHiarnHB, CTpamaH TupKout 
Ha KpaiiHH. 

*) Ha hctom neciy roBopn ce hoa „£• Ebt© Bhtkobdis KantTaH 
POaom BajitBaut u noru6B oy Ba-iBBK u norpeoeH oy (l)BaHH." 
j\a,Jbe roBopn npoTa HeHaAOBnt Ha dp. 228: „OBail BnTKOBnk'B 
nsiao e Cpaia JoBaHa (Cnny) xaAHafya ii^ii ^aLuaHa, ji norpe- 
6eHH cy oSoiiua y HeKaAaraaeM ciapoM MaHacTnpnty JoBaHtn, 
kou Jiem,u eAaHL carB xoAa OAt Ba-iBBa. (Ha HaArpoftHOJ n-ioiu 
OBaj HaAnuc ctoju : OBAe noqnBa EBTa ButkobhIib rocnoAapt Ba- 
jitBCKe Haxue Kposi 25 roAHHa. (OBaj HaAnuc npo^HTao je nncan; 
OBe pacnpaBe). Ebth BuTKOBnty uma necna (HapoA&a), KaKO 
e ca KaiaHaMa, no3BaHT> oa'b BuT030Biita TypqnHa y yjEnnj, 
H3jia3io Ha uefiAaHi Ha MpaBHnn,e, Koe Ae^in ysniKy n Ba.rEB- 
CKy Haxiio: ho KaA e BnT030Bnfcb BnTKOBnta buaio, yBaxn ra 
rpo3nnu,a, noKopn ce n yimpn, nociaBinn My ca6.no Ha Aapi. 
Hcth BhtkobhIit. uMao e Ky^iy oa Asa TaBaHa, rAe ce c.mBa 
TpaAaHi. y Ko/iyo'apy. Epema oboH Eyyiu c AecHe cipaHe TpaAUa 
Ha.ia3u ce iipKBUHa n oko hb maHawb, rAe e ceAio Hop-Mhrti 



KPHTHIKII QOr.lEA HA HPOIH.'IOCT CPBA Y YIAPCKOJ 231 

TaBpn^io (PaniKOBnh) KHe3T> 6eMrpaTCKH. 

H CTORHt emKST'L. 

h ^psrn Ctoisht. emKBTt 

06pi> KHe3T> CMe^epeBCKH /l,HMHTpHe. 

KHe3i) p»ahh i ikh CaBa ./larapnitv. 
KHe3 noatapeBa^KH CiaMaTi). 

CereTCKa KpanHa. 

rocno/i.HH'B KaneiaHi. IIaHTe./ieii\. 

s Ileiap TpKOBnii cot BaponiH fflnKyieyiua. 



apajiCama , coBpeMeHHKx BnTKOBiikeBt , koii ce TaKo^e y ne- 
CMaMa ciiojmae. 

y nopoAu^HOM apxuBy nnmieBOM na.ia3e ce nncna ca neia- 
THMa oa ucTora JeBTe BnTKOBnta join oa roA- 1720-Te A Ta 
nncMa ocTame oa nytiyHAeAe Heipa, Kojn je 6110 HajcTa- 
piijii 6paT JeBTe , Cmie n BapaAiracKor o(5p KaneTaHa CeEy^ie. 
IleTap je Kao aycTpnjcKii o(J)iin.iip acnBeo 112 roAUHe, 11 Aoftno 
je 3a CBOJe 3ac./iyre, hito je join 3a B.iaAe kecapa /leono.iAa I 
noA npirauoM Jes^eHnjeM c.iy;Kiio, Be.umy 3.iaTny weAa^y. Oa 
tccapune Mapnje Tepe3e. OBa ce sieAajba n caAa jom Ha.ia3ii 
y Hantoj nopoAiinn. Ciih Eeipa BnTKOBiita ca CBor CTpaAaaa 
36or Bepe ^yBemi npoTa Jocik}) jkhbco je y Jerpu, 11 Ten n>eroB 
chh Heiap 30or CBOJe Hayue no3Ban oa EyAiiiiana npece.iuo ce 
y ByAUM. (Bhah Cpncim /LeTonuc oa toa- 1825. kh>. I: ^.la- 
HaK hoa Hac/ioBOM „Biorpa^[)ia ciaBHii cp6ciui fpaamyiia" HeTpy 

BOTKOBuhy). 

y Tenajy OBe pacnpaBe Ha cboji wecTy caoniimikeMO Hese 
cnuce, na itojima cy noAuncaHii: oCpKaneTaii BapaAUHCKii Ce- 
Ky^ia ButkobiiL, oCpitaneTaH JeBTa BiitkobiiL, Kaneiau Byic 
H,pno6apan,, u TaBpii.io ParaKOBiiL CupoB Baponiu BeorpaAa, 11 
06a CTOJaHa cniityTa. 

A y Hapo'iiiTOM q.iaiiKy „Dpiijior CpncKoj CcltpariiCTiiiui" 113- 
ueteMO u cHiiMKe nciaTa JeBTe 11 Ceityyie BiitkobiiLu. Kaiieiaiia 
ByKa U,pnoCapua 11 laupiua I'aniKOimlia. 

Ilecsia 6ojy JeBie BiiTKOBiiLa 11 Typuiuia* BhiosobbLs no - 
qaTaua je y KavienAapy „UIyMaAHHn.y" oa toa- 1850. 



232 KP1ITH1KH I10I71EA HA IH'OID.IOCT CI'CA y STAPCKOJ 

(Or xopBaTcice h MapqaHCKe KpanHe. 

npo'ionona HnKo./ia IIohobhtl 
BoeBOAa Mh^hboh KoBa*ieBnfi. 
BoeBOAa Miixaoo KoBaiemili. 
h cBem'reHO ncpoMOHa(x) Baciune. 

0)t Open a paBHora. 

B^aAHica HnicaHop MejeHTHJeBHh , atHBeo y KpyraeAOJiy, 
h HBHAao Kane^y cb. AH^e^ajn), ©r CBora MaHacrnpa. 

ApXHMaHApHTT> KHp Te©AOp r L. 

IIpoTonona I©aHHi> npuniKH. 

KHe3b JQeiapi rpa^Htt npnraKH. 

IIpoTonon AMHTpoBanKH ca ABeiaa cBenneHimH Aomao. 

IIpOTOnOII BIHACKH H HeBITHHCKH. 

IIpoTonon BHKOBapcKH ca emKHTOMB HeTpoMB KananaqnoMB. 
h npoTonona c«pihhckh ^sAOMnpaHi. 

0)t IEjiaBOHHe. 

B^aAHKa HflOHOp (/l.HMHTpHJeBHti). 1 ) 

h npoTonona OraHKO. 
h noni) Bjiaroe. 
h CHAaAT) PaiiKO. 
h I^hko dapn csAan.'B 
h CienaH'B KHe3T>. 

0)t KocTailHHi],e. 
B^iaAHKa ca ABeMa cBenneHHun. 



») y VI TyiacHiiKy Ha cTp. 77. cnosiiitte ce OBaj B^iaAUKa „HnKa- 
Hopt 4 0MHT Pi eBnqt H3a6paH, nocBflnrTeHt u npe3eHTnpaTB mh- 
TponojiHTOMt BiiKeHTieM7> IIonoBimeMi) bo enacKona KocTairaaq- 
kotb, JiniKort, spuHonojiCKorB, 11 Kep6aBCKorB ; KOH^upMnpaT 
ijecapeiTB KapoJiOMt 2-rco ArescTa 1716. npecTaBii.ica 1728» 
rwAnHe." 



KPHTU1KH HOrAEA HA nPOHlJlOCT CPBA Y JTAPCKOJ 233 

COt nocaBCKe KpaHHe. 

06pi> KaneiaHb HnKOJia pamKOBHq. 
KanexaH HcoaHHT) iaHacTnp./iHHb. 
XaAHatj (nopyiHK) Bhiko CeKtfyinL 
BoeBOAa Heiap OrenaHOBHTb. 
BoeBOAa AiaHacne KpecoeBHn. 

0)t apaACKe KpaHHe. 

B^iaAHKa CoBpoHHe ') (PaBaHHiaHHHHh). 
ApxHMaHApn'fL CoBpoHHe cot MOHacTHpa (D^oma. 
HpoTonona Hcocn^i). 
h npoTonona TJeopbne. 
KaneiaHb SKnBaHb. 
KaneiaHb lavpna. 

H MHXaiMO AH^M). 

(Ot HOAyHaBCKe KpaHHe. 

BiiaAHKa CoBpoHHe ToianieBHh. 

Oopx KaneiaHb Baca Hheomh maHanKn (BapaAHHCKn). 

Kaueianb Ctorhi Bohihkxki. Thtg^ckh. 

KaneiaHb ihhackh I^Hom'b J\,Ei\K r b nonoBH 1 !!). 2 ) 

Baco IIpoAaHOBHq ko6h^ckh. 

KanexaH Gqksab, BHTKOBnni. na.iaHanKH. 3 ) 



*) y IV TjiacHiiKy im cip. 55 cnoMiiae ce Kao ipetu no peAy- 
B.iaAHKa apaACKii „Co(J)poniu J'aiu\nn i iann'u.. nocTpiiroM ii3i> mo- 
Hacnipa PaBamiue. 

2 ) KLii oBora Cn.ia je ;KCHa iipoxe iiajnpc cereAHHCKor a noxoaer 
jerapcKor Jocii(J)a BiitkobiiIiu. IIotomuk oBor ^Hjasa xaicolje 
JoBaH yjipi.0 jc y ByAiuiy oko 1845. ro/v u iiih>hm uityMjua 110- 
poAima /l,ujaKa, kojii cy ohah POcnoAapa llhua BepKacoBa y 
CpeMy, a 3a Bpesie Mapaje Tepe3e, KaA oho cii.iom viiiijaTiiiue, 
OTy3»ie n,apnn,a oa AiijaKa obc cnaxHAyse 11 iiok.iohii nx viuijaT- 

CKOM B.iaAUUII. 

8 ) To je OHaj KaueTaH CeKy.ia BiitkobiiL CpaT JeBTC Kaiirraiia 
Ba^eBcicor 11 IleTpa otjimuipa jerapcsor, KOJHMa je BHiue rope 
f)iuo ciioMeea. 



234 KPHTIHKH nOMEA ilA III'OIII.IOCT CPyA y yPAPCKOJ 

(Of nOTHCW. 

06]}% KanexaHt JKiiBanb Sopnki). 1 ) 
06m6oKMaiicTop , b OrpaiiHa 'MuCslagh. 
KaneTciHt Rhko BpaHKOBim CoaidopcKH. 
KaneiaHL ApceHne (JepeMnh) MapTOHOiiiKH. 2 ) 
KaneiaHb Ctomko PhiihL 

(Or da^Ke CTpaHe. 

IIpoTonona MaKCHMt. 

IIpoTonona Bara Cere^nHCKH. 

IIpoTonoua 6aflcKH Eeiap nonoBM. 

H cBemTeHiKi) ABpaMB 

h Mnxa(T) h(3) Cere/pHa. 

BaflcKH tfnpoB Tpsra. 

Mmhboh h HeHaA^ Bstobikh. 

(Ot KapjioBaija me^ r b HcoBaHi) HeKprnL 

h xa*iir CTaHoe 

n npoTonona JKHBaHb. 

(Ot Ce^HKL 

Byia^HKa MaKCHMi) 
ca AB6Ma cBemTeHHu;H. 

*) Chh OBora 3opnka OTce.wo ce y Pycnjy ca TeicainjoM, XopBa- 

TOM H Ca MHOJKHHOM jaAHHX nOTHCKHX BOJHDX KpaJHHIHHKa, KOJe 

je HecpetHa Mapnja Tepesa no caBdy cbojhx Ay^HMaua Mai>apa 
HapoHHTHM AeKpeTOM ca cbojiix 3ena.foa npoTepa^ia y Pycnjy. 
2 ) IIo pa3BojninTeH.y noracKe n noMopnniKe BoJHe KpaJHe HeKe nn- 
TOMnje n nonycTybHBnje BoJHe ryiaBape oftAapHJia je BC/mKOAynraa 
napnna naljapcKira iueaicTBOM, nonrro je cTOTiray xn^aAa Kpa- 
jnnmnKa KpBHniKn ojaAHjia. H obh cy JepeMntn TaAa oCAapeHn 
nyieMCTBOM. Obh hobh aia^apcM n^ieMnkn Moraxy ce noHOcnTH 
obhm Be^ieAymnnM noAapKOM H3 pyKe OHe ByiaAapnne, Koja je 
buxoboj 6patn ohom dctom pyKOM noTnuca./ia ocyAy Ha siopa/ray 
n Maiepnja/iBy nornonjy, kojom je anx ceSnmaKe oAPOAn^ia h 
yBpcm^a y peA HaJBeknx cpncnnx AyniMaHa wa^apcKnx n.iejmLa. 



KPUTU1KU IIOIVIEA HA nPOEUOCT CI'BA V yrAPCKOJ 235 

M3 OBra nonnca HapoAHnx noc.iaHHKa bhahmo, Aa je Ha 
tom Kap^ioBaqKOM cadopy 1726 roA- 6uao: 

B^a,a,HKa ca mhtpohojihtom 10. 

Oa cBeKeHHqKor pe/\a 34. 

Oa CBeTOBHUKa 58. 

CBera .... 102. 

Kao niTO ce bhah H3 nncMa dyAHMCKHx noc/iamiKa /En- 
BaHa BpaHKOBnha a IlaBJia PaAeHKOBHha , cadop Hnje OAKax 
OTno^eo paAHTH, Kao niTO y pe<ieHOM nncMy Be;ie: „Hain e 
nncaTO Aa ke ohth cadop 2-or 3>edp. Hne , »a«kh^b ch Tep- 
mhht> Aa he dnin caAa » rpjKABniTH neRQAio , 3amT0 Hne 6mo 
norahe Aa ds cthmh , koh ch 3BaTH rocnoAapn , 8 KpaTKoiTL 
e xepMUHt , a hhtobh SAO^ecTH , h Hamn e Ka3aco Kane- 
TaHi. Baca, Aa ch nncajin h no Ap»rn hht KHnrs 3a paAH 
Hamero rocnoAHHa B^aAHKe, to e AoncTa TaKO. Ako nn-raTe 
3a paAH MBTponojiHTa de.inrpaACKora , (OBAe e » ABops , hh- 
K«Aa He HAe, h niHHMe AonL/ie 4 BjiaAHKe, TesinmBapcKH (Ja- 
Hnknje) h Ba,ieBaqKH (/^ocnraje) h AaMaTHHCEii 1 ) n KOCTan- 
HnqKH ; n Kane'raHa 4 aoumh : napakHHCKH (KocTa), BajieBa^ran 
(JeBTa BhtkobhK), cot Hjme dape (Bhk) n dammim (Baca 
Hhkomh). A obomI) CTpaHOMi) oko th KaneraHH n B;iaAHKe 
caAa 8 neAe^is ©he ce ckhhhth, h qeoio ijeHepa.ia caAa 8 
HeAeiis." — — — — — — — — — 

Ho h y Ty HeAe^y rpeAynn'y Hnje OTBopeH cadop , a Y3- 
poK TOMe Be^e hcth dyAHMCKH nocaaHHHH y cboh nncaiy oa 
17 -or <I>edpyapa. 

„IIopaAH abobt, apKHdncKanaTOBT) caeAHHeHm 
HHKaKo Hne KTeo l)eHepa^ii> (O'raBapi. h KayieHnu'L, 2 ) 

1 ) To je 6no CTCBan .foyo'lio'paTiili , itora je MAeTa x iKa penyCuiuta 
H3 Aa/iManuje npoiepayia, Te ra je Lecap Kap.10 VI no npeA-iory 
MUTpono^iiFTa Mojcuja iiotbpaho 3a jeuiicuona KOCTajuinmor 11 
l I>e6p. 1728 roA- (Biiau r.ianiiK Cpn. Yn. Ap. kil. VI dp. 78. 

2 ) Obo Le Oiitii oHaj Ka.ieHiiic, bito je no3Hnje nociao nehcKii na- 
Tpiijapx a y to AoOa 172G 6110 je jajiaMiio eiccapx pe'ieiie na- 



236 Kl'IITJI'IKII UOTAEfl, HA Hl'OllI.lOCT CPBA V yrAl'CBOJ 

Aoiue hhcb nocflajin urraBeTB » Boht,. H Taiio c» iiociaia 
$edp. 6 AaHL, h HaMH c» peon j\,o 6 AaHa, a ca#a inia n 
11 p,&wb, KaKO Hue Aonma , a cain're He 3HaMb ica^a ne AotiH. 
ftocra HMaio mhc/iii, Aa ce okobo Ap«ro nno Be j,«m-ii. 3aio 
h B^aAHKe, h Kane'raH(n) h noMecrHH rocnoAapii cbh i ieKaro, 
h hhkomh ee/i,a ^eHepa/iL j\n ha«, Aooe flofye iirrar.OTa. H 
TaKo e caAa do-iec'ram, h l^eHepa^b , h KajieHHK n Momcimo 
MHTpono^HTTj. H3 oie dojiecTn ne 3HaMo iuto he 6hth, Aa 
3HaTe Aa mh e Bp^o crapocr Koe 3a iuto." — — — — 

Kao nno bhahmo H3 oBora nncia (ieiBa B/iaAa ca Ma- 
VapHMa MeAame , Aa CBaKHM MorytHM cpeACTBnaia crane Ha 
nyT obom yjeAHHeity 06a apxnjenHCKonaTa. Oboj tochoah Bek 
h caMo AyxoBHO jeAHHCTBO 6h;io 3a3opHO , na je .iaKO noro- 
Ahth, KaKO cy TeK HHTpHnpa^n npoTHBy no-ziHTH^Kor jeAHHCTBa 
CBHjy Cp6a, kojh cy y to Ao6a mjajiH hoa aycipnjcKOM 
B^iaAOM. 

H aKO cy Haj3aA hphbhaho OAo6pn.flH jeAHHeae 06a ap- 
XHJenncKonaTa , ohh cy obo AyxoBHO jeAHHcro H3dopoM hoto- 
H>er MHTpono^iHTa BnteHTHJa JoBaHOBHna n OBy npiBHAny h 
iiyKaBy KOHii,ecHJy KOHayHO napa.iHca./iH. 

Ho 3a cBe 22 roAflHe aycTpnjcKe BMAaBHHe , 6pns.LHBO 
na3Hnie , Aa ce Cpdn Ma h hoa h>hxoboh B^aAOM uo-orrniKH 
He jeAHHe. BeorpaACKoj kecapcKoj KaMepaymoj aAMHHHCTpanHJH 
dejame HajBajKHHJH 3aAaiaK , Aa oap^h status quo , kojh cy 
oa TypaKa hphmhjih , 6phjk.i»hbo cy onyB&AW AaBHamH>y hojih- 



TpajapiuHJe. (Bhau MiijiojeBnta „06uitu /Lhct" cTp. 76). Oh je 
jaiuaiHO Aomao 6ho, Aa y yiie naTpiijapinnje npoTedyje npo- 
THBy jeAHHeaa apxnjenucKonaTa 6eorpaACKor ca Kap^ioBaiKHM, 
jep je oeorpaACKn apxujenncKonaT ao Tor BpeMeHa CTOjao lioa 
netcKHM naTpnjapxaTOM. TaeHepa.! naK oa cBoje CTpaHe 6ho je 
npoTHBaH jeAHHCTBy o6a apxujonucKonaTa Kao AyxoBOM jeAUH- 
CTBy u CBaKOM MoryteM jeAHHCTBy cpncKor HapoAa, ihto aycipnj- 
ckoj B^iaAH u MaljapcKOJ rocnoAH n noinicao Ha cpncKO jeAHHCTBO 
6ejanie mpcko, h CMeTa-ao 6u biixobiim no3HaTiiM TeaiaaMa. 



KFIITH1KH II0I71EA HA DPOni.lOCT CPBA y JTAPCKOJ i'37 

THSKy non.enaHocT c OBe n ca oHe CTpaHe Aj* HaBa ainBeiiHX 
Cpda. To je un.ia TaAam&a, a to ke 6hth n noTOH>a n CBar- 
Aanraa ho.ihtho , AOK.ie toa HMa.in oyay y aycTpajcKOJ na- 
peBHHH HCK^y^HBy BJiacT Hennin h Mat>apn. To je 6njia h 
(JnLe itHXOBa TpaAHH.HOHa.aHa no.iHTHKa. Ko ApyiraHJe amcin, 
'raj ce rpo3HO Bapa ; jep HaBJiara xoke , 4a He no3Ha oby He- 
ocnopHy ncTopnjcKy HCTHHy. 

A ca#a ^a bhahmo , rnTa ce n o x ieMy ce BeL*uo Ha obom 
cadopy. 

Eao hjto heiuo ma^io nac BHAeTH H3 nHCia JiHTpouo.iuxa 
Mojcnja , norviaBHTH npe^MeT Behaaa cadopcKor 6no je npeA- 
jior o^ahckhx Cpda , a Taj npeA./ior r,iacn oBaieo : 

,,1726 (I). ($e6pyap) 6. 

1. 

Hhhktobh HapoA« 3aKTeBaTe^HH h Kap.ioBiin: a& koh 

HaiM (OfflTeTt OHTH BptCOBHH MHTpOHOJlHT'b , J\d, Ce HJia 3aBC- 

TOBaTH npeai/ie nnrnviaiiHe , EaKO ©he hothhho cooAp-Karn 
CBeTH MafiK« hpkb» epBcajiniCKiJ 3aKOHa rp^aHCKora, 11 hii- 
mTa Heiien. 8Ma./iHTH cot upaBoc/iaBHora 3aKona mrrn khh- 

CKHHT>, HHTH BpXOBHH MHTpOHO-flHT ; 6CTT. AH. OH ?TO BKpaTH.in 

8 npaBoc^aBHH) HaraeMH cBe r re Maine h,pkbo 3aKOHa rp^aHCKora, 
Aa Hne norjiaBap Hame CBeTe iafiKe npoe saKOHa rp^aHCKora, 
TaKO^Ae h apxnepen h enncKHnu Bacn. 

fl, a ti e a 6 p p a a 11 t h 3 a e a p a ?• npaBociaBini . 11 
HapoA « CBaKH npaBHua n HpeAon AP^a-TH , no npeAamno 
CBcrnx anocTo^i. h HpeAon CBeTe manue n,pKBe BacroiHe 3a- 
Kona rpMancKora , CBe noTnHHO ApffiaTH. 

3. 

^a ohe enHCKsne, kohho ectm, aoctohhu nonaiua'ru. 

H KOHHO eCKTT) HOAOOllH OHBaTH tMUiri;»ll II , KOHHO olu' IIOA" 
nHHO W(>Ap3KaBaTH 3aKOHI. npaBOCiaiUUI . HCE8CHH CBaKHMi 



238 KPHTH1KH HOME A HA JIPOUI./10CT CI'LA Y JTAPCKOJ 

Ha»KOML, HftpO/1,8 KOHHO HO BO.O eCTL, H HapOACKOMT> 

BOJioMt Ast, ce M36epeT r L e nocraBHTT) bo^om'l h ©r^a- 
meHHeMT. one enapxne. 

4. 

OuniTe napoAHe npeBejietjne H3 tfHrapne Aa ce Hen3Hecy 
h H3 IH^iaBOHHe, tokmo Aa cBaira n8Tfc mora 8 tfHrap(cKon) 

CTOKXTII. 

5. 

/l,a ce Morn nocraBM'H 12 rocnoaapa, oko 4 (n3) iwepa 
D,pKOBHora, 4 BoecTaBHora, 4 noMecHHKOBi) eae BapomKH ro- 
cuoAapa , kohho oone Apffiara npeBe^e^He h onniTHCKe noc/LOBe, 
€Be aoaukq ca bpxobhhmt. rocnoAHHOM mhtpoho./ihtomb , Aa 8 
hex BHine nncarax enHTponoBi) cBaKO^BKa onmiEHa h AO^ia- 
3aKt HapoACKH Moate ctokxth , KaKO , e aKO koh cot BHme hh- 
cara enHTponoBi) npecTaBn ce, xaKH Aa ce Moace Ap8rn no- 
CTaBHTn , h KaAa 6e 6eaq BpeMe . Aa ce 3ob8ti> BHme nncaTH 
rocnoAapn, Aa hm ce Ma AaBara hhxobt. hhkoct (TpoinaK) 
h nAaka H3 (DnmTHHe. TaKO h Tpn kavwl Aa Hiiaio ohth npBH 
8 rocnoAHHa MHTponojiHTa , AP«rn 8 BOHHCTBeHOMe peA8, Tpekn 
8 MecTHH rocnoAapa eae BapomaHa. 

6. 

8 CBaKOH enapxHH Aa Hiaio 6hth no 3 rocnoAapa , KaKO 
ep,B,wb peAa npKOBHora, Apsrn peAa BOHHCTBeHaro , Tpenn 
peAa noMecHn rocnoAapa eae BapomaHa. Anne ae 6e npe- 
AimEAn caMpT r L apxnepeio , Aa HMaw BHme nacaTH ennTponn 
Aa 3aApaie , Aa ce HeHOcn AO^po apxnepencKO , a,ei\u,e e Antti- 
kohh Aa pa3B8K« , Hero , Aa ce AOflece h saApjKH , aoraq ce 
oorviace bpxobhomh MHTpono.iHT8 , h AOHece ce 8 ohhithhs, 
KaKO apxndncKHnaT'L. A dito ce Hafye cpetipHO , 3.iaTHO , hobhh 
e (rtcra^o Ao6po, Aa ce raa cBe AOHeTH 8 apxndHCKsnaT'B, 
KpoMe K8Ka , BHHorpaAH , JiHBaAe , Aa ecTe HOBonocraB^eHOM8 
enHCKona , a ©ho 1 2 rocnoAapa ca mhtpohojihtoM) one ncnpa- 

BHTH HpeCTaB./ieHOM8 eHHCK8H8 3a A8HI8 H HerOBHMb JMal)HML. 



kpiitdtoii nor.iEA ha iipoiii.ioct cpba y yrAPCKO.i 239 

7. 

Ako 6h koh pHCTHiUHHHt carpemno hto, oko th peA» Hp- 
kobhomh , a^ ra He sua K/ieTH eh ©t"b Hera saTBapara cBeT8 
manKS hpkbs , hh 3a6paHHBaTH ©t Hera Aap'B A8xa cBeTora, 

HHTH eHHCKHH'B , HHTH CaittB BpXOBHH MHTpOHOilHTB , fl,OKAQ CHAt 

He 6»AHe. A Ka^e 6«AHe c8ab ©HAa hoahsho h i ihhh nomTe- 
Hne ©Home cBenrreHHKH h npaBHna ue^ia a& ecie. 

8. 
CBaKH enncKSHT) a& H&ia nocTaB^iaTn wnoAe a cBaKon 
enapxHH , rAe e B03MoatHo , a Hannaqe 8 apxn6ncKHnaT8 b e- 
.oKa niEo^ia Aa ecie n,e^o ahk^kh, Hei(a)HH, cptfcKH. 

9. 

KaAa 6h nonejiH nodaB^aTH cBemTemiKa, && niaio He 
no aTaps, He no hobhh, Hero kohho ecie ncK8caHB 

H KHH^eBaHB, H Ha8HaHB H CBaKHMB 6 ASiTO a emeu) 

HcnjiBHeHB, toh a* ce nocTaBH, Koera HapoAi> ©nue naiaTn, 
a ecTB ae 6h HeoTeo ca HapoAOMB 8 .m)6obh dnBaTH , A& ce 
HMa npoMeHHTH 8 AP»ro ce./io hjih BapomB. 

10. ' 
/l,a ce HaMH H3AaA8 cbhth,h ho cBaKoii enapxnn n no 
BCTaBU ii,pK0BH0M8, a& He6n cmo Hia^H ©t AP»rora HannoHa 
8 Kopn3H8, KaKo th j\a, ce ecie npn^HqHBajio Aocia TaKOBn 
CTBapn AocaAa. 

11. 

J\,& ce He HMaio Harae nocTaiaeHTe KBapnin, Hero KaKo 
©CTaBH HJiOBeK h canHrae 8 TacTaM6HT8 , h ©craBn koh nona 
hats apxHMaHApHT8 , nyin enncKons n/in apxnenncKSHH CO THM 
Aa ecre AOBO.iaHB. 

12. 

A koh cBeiHTeHHKT) ©craHe de3 nonaAne, a<i ne nua 8 
Hspnn BHrae 6hth ©t roAHHe , naitn a^ HAe 8 maHacTnp'B. 



240 Kl'IITII'IKII IIOlVlK/1, HA lll'OIIUOCT opba y JTArCTO.) 

13. 

Aa apxnepen ne HMaA8 hmkuko capoACTBO AP»ai'H , KpoMe 
cecrpa HMa-rH, h Aa HMa apxneepen cBase ABe roAHHe npo- 
MeHHBa-rH TecraMeHTB , oko h ABe TecraMGHTe Aa moaie HMaxn, 
e,AH8 8 enapxim 8 BHine Tpn ennxpona a Ap«ra 8 apxne- 
nncK8na , h Ha CBaKe ABe regime Aa Morae ce HSMeHHTH ; TaKO 
h MaHacTHpun kohho ec8TX , Aa He HMaio anapTOBa're bhho- 
rpa^e , h 6ara<ie , m KonmHije , h ©BoniTHin Hero cBe Aa e 8 
ohiiithhh 8 MaHacTHpt , hc 're MaHacTHpcKe onurnme Aa aiHBe 

OBH paBHO. 

14:. 

Aa HMaio who BHme nncaTH 12 ennTponoB'b 8peAHTH mh- 
TponojiHTCKH iponiKOBH, oko he ctohith h ocTajie Ao^iacKe 
onmTHHCKe hoa ostcml ApJKaTn c hoj18 ca mhtpohojihtomt.. 

OBaj npeA-flor kojihko je BajOH ihto ce H3 H,era bhah 
no.iHTHqHO, npocBeiHO h Bepo3aKOHCKO cTaite Hamer HapoAa, 
h ihto ce H3 Hdor npeA-nora bhah, oko je Ham HapoA y 
ohom ao6j mhc/iho o tom cbom eimy, h KaKO je Teatno Aa 
oAKaoHK CMeme cbom HanpeAOBaay, h Koja je cpeACTBa Tpa- 
mo, Aa cboj ho^hthiikh h HapoAHH HanpeAaK oenrypa. 

3a 36 roAHHa cBora ciaHOBaita y YrapcKOJ HapoA cpncKH 
HMao h cvBHrae npn^HKe , Aa A03Ha h oneHH no^oaiaj cBor 
n;pKBeHor noiviaBapa npeMa BJiaAH aycrpnjcKOJ h npeMa Ma- 
i^apcKOJ rocnoAH. 

Be^Ka BJiaAa HMa^a je h cyBnnie cpeAcxaBa , Aa 3aA0- 
bojbh ^iacTOjtyd^e h ceCinqHocr obex Hamnx npoeHnx noMa- 
Bapa , a HHJe nrreAH/ia , Aa nx pa3HHM OT^HHHJHMa n odeLa- 
BHMa yjioBH h Ha cBOJy crpaHy npnByqe a oa napoAa hx 
OTprHe. A 3HaM0 Aa cy deiKH hecapn 6hjih (JmHaTnqKH KaTO- 
^hd,u, h Aa je 6eiKa B^iaAa y CBaKO Ao6a coonAeHa 6ea& 
BetiHHOM oa je^oBHTCKHx CTBopoBa , h Aa cy noTOMe hecap h 
aeroBa B^aAa , a He Maae MafyapcKa xnjepapxnja noMaBHTO 
TeatHyiH , Aa cpncKH HapoA OTpray ot npaBoc.aaB.fca , c thm 



KPHtn^Kn noryiEA ha nPOiiMocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 241 

npe, djto cy AoCpo sk&ae, j\,& je to ynpaBO HapoAHa Bepa, 
Koja y Cpdraa oApffiajia n oAHeroBa^a h .iy6aB npema cbo- 
joj HapoAHOCTH. Hecapn hh cy nrreAe.an HOBau,a , Aa Cp6e 
noyHHJa're, to Han cBeAO^n hotoh>h ayc'rpnjcKH MHHHCTap 
Bap'reHnrraJH. 

3aTO cy Cp(>n y 1-oj ra^EH ropier npeA-flora Teauun, Aa 
jom npe iisdopa 3aKyieTBOM Beay MHTponcaHTa h ocia^e BJia- 
AHKe 3a cBojy HapoAHy npKBy, Kojy cy c npaBom CMaTpaM 
Kao qyBapa h H>nxoBe HapoAHOCTH. /l,a ak cy obh Haran npeAun 
y tom npaBo maa-an . Baj6o.i>e heMO ce yBepnin no tom , bjto 
cy cbh noynnjatieBH Cpdn y Yrapcitoj nocrajin Matjapn a y 
XpBaTCKOJ XpBaTH. EpecTajiH cy 6hth Aaoe Cp6n. 

IIIto ce y cbojoj pacnpaBH Tano 3ay3HMaMO 3a npaBo- 
cJiaB-te , TOMe je yspoK Ha hctoph^khm ({laKTHMa ocHOBaHo 
yBepeite. Koje cmo Ma^o npe Hspeon, Aa cy Cpon y Frap- 
ckoj 6havl Cp6n, aok cy 6eau npaBocaaBHe Bepe , a npoieHOM 
Bepe H3ry6Hine CBojy HapoAHOcr. HacH.<mn OBaj h nenpn- 
poAHH rydn'raK, kojpi je Hara HapoA npeipneo oa npoMeHe 
CBOje Bepe , aobojiho he onpaBAaTH Harae 3ay3HMan>e 3a OBora 
MyBapa name HapoAHOCTH. Mn OAcyAHO ocyfyyjejio cBaKn na n 
pe^nrnosHH <J>aHaTH3ai , h apjkhmo , Aa Hac hmko npeKopeTn 
Hehe, ujto y cBaitoj npn^nnn jacHO ocy^yjemo HacHjminiKe 
inepe n rpo3He Bacpie Ha AyxoBHO yBepe^e jeAHor HapoAa. 
Eojn je y cBaKO Ao6a Tpneo n Hnje Hacpiao Ha -rylja pean- 
rno3Ha yBepen.a. 

H join jeAHOM Bpahajyh ce Ha 1-By r;niKy noaieHyTOra 
npeA^iora otfpahaiio naiKH.y Ha nspas HapoAiie eflepraje y 
nspeun: „Ectl .hi uii <ito SEparaaH « iipaisociaisino HameM8 
Aa Hne noiviaBapt Harae c-Bere MaiiKe u,pKBe, 
TaKoatAe h apxnepeii h oiiiii'khiiii Bacn. 

y Apyi'oj Taqnw OBora npeA-aora mopa^HO Besyjy CBor 
npKBCHor HoiviaBapa , a a Ao6po pa ah 8 a napoA upaBO- 
caaBHH, h Aa lie y HapoAy HeroBaTB ttonrroBa&e npeaia 
Hai»oAHHM iipaBHuama i\ ypeAtfama. 

I'JACHIIB XXX* III. 



242 KriiTiiMKH noryiEA ha ni'oin.iocT cpba y yriPCBOJ 

y Tpehoj Tii'inn jacHO ce oivieAa Beanica cBecT HapoAita, 
nrro oa cBora npoeHor noiviaBapa eHeprn^HO 3aKTeBa , Aa 
caio one nocraBH sajenncKone, kojh cyAOCTOJHH xaoor 
BaatHor Mecra, kojh he ce noAnyHO AP^aTH npaBocaaBHor 
saitoHa, kojh cy nayKOM cbojom otahihh, kojh cy npe cBera 
HapoAy no bo ah. Y npBOM Aeay OBe Ta*rae HapoA o^hto 
HCKasyje , KaKBe choco6hocth Tpaatn oa AyAH , kojh he H.e- 
tobom upKBOM h 3aKOHOM ynpaB.LaTH. Ho y Apyroi OAe.tKy 
jacHO Kasyje HapoA CBOje npaBO Ha H3dop BJiaAHKa, y Apy- 
tom aK-ry, kojh tao majio nac H3HeTH , BHAeneMo Aa je B.ia- 
AHKe 6flpao HapoA y jenapxHJCKHM cadopnMa, h Aa je oa 
Tpojnne cbojhx KaHAHAaia mhtpoho^iht ca chhoaom aiopao 
jeAHor 3a BJiaAHKy naopaTH , h caiio no HeKoj (|iopMH B,ia- 

AHHy nOTBpAy H3HCKaTH. 

Boa a HapoAHa je hotom MepoAaBHa 6ea& npn H3dopy 
B^iaAHKa. H obo cBoje npaBO HapoA dpnaubHBO nyBao, aok 
Haj3aA chhoa ca BJiaAOM y H3siajaTopHcaHOM pery^aMeHTy toa. 
1779. HacH^iHO noHHmTno n oa HapoAa OTeo h obo jom je- 
Ahho npaBO h cpeACTBo , kojhm je HapoA dnpajyk B^iaAHKe mo- 
rao nocTHbn , Aa oa HapoAHHx B^iaAHKa h HapoAy BepHor mh- 
Tpono^H'ra H3depe. 

HapoA je Aoopo 3Hao , EaA je npn cbom npe/ia3y yc/io- 
bho npaBO OHpa&a npKBeHor iviaBapa , Aa ne obo npaBO eaj- 
3opHO nocraTH , nnai B^iaAHHH ctbopobh B^iaAHHe BJiaAHKe dn- 
pajy ce6u ApyroBe, kojh fee 6hth one'r B^aAHHa opyt^a, a 
oa TaKBHx cienax opyfya HapoA dn npn cbom caodoAHOM H3- 
dopy Morao H3dpaxH oneT caio B^aAHHor a..i He HapoAHor 
npHJaTe.ta. 

Ha ApyroM Meciy HOKa3aneMO , KaKO je HapoA bhcoko ne- 
hho obo cBoje npaBO , jep H3pnqHO Ka3yje y toj cbojoj npocdn, 
Kojy je noAHeo Mapnjn Tepe3n; roBopenn: KaA HapoA HMa 
npaBO Aa dnpa naTpnjapxa h MHTponoyiHTa , c thm Befee npaBO 
naia, Aa dnpa h BiiaAHKe, oa kojhx no3HHJe dnpa ijpKBeHor 
nor.iaBapa. 



KPHTH1KII HOrjlEA HA HPOIH.'IOCT CPBA Y JTAPCKOJ 243 

y l ieTBpT0j ia<mii jaaia i rao cy xTeM OApeAnin , A a Ha_ 
poAHe npHBH./ie^nje qyBajy Hapowra catfopoM oApe^eHa jmn,a 
y yrapcKOJ , Koje je omnia HapoAHH cadop nsupao , n kojux 
je 600 12, h 3Ba^n ce, Kao ihto H3 5 TaiKe A03HajeMO 
HapoAHH „enHTponn." Mhcjihmo Aa cy xxe.M oBe HapoAHe 
npflBH^e^nje yyBain , Kao ihto ce npnBn./ie!)HJe Opua y Xp- 
BaTCKO.j n y GaaBOHiiJH TaKO 3BaHa „Privilegia et statuta 
Valachomm (npnBH./Lei>nje n npaBnue) qyBaM y ceBepHHCKOJ 
dapoj ApKBH Ha 3BOHapn') ABa dpaatapa. 

Kao ihto cmo Majio npe HanoHeHy.M . y 5-oj Ta*m;n oa- 
pe^eHe cy AyJKHOCTH obhx 12 ^emrrpona" imh Tyropa. Kojnx 
je 6eao 4 oa upKBeHor 4 oa BoJHiwKor h 4 oa cBeicBHor 
CTa^eaia. EbnxoBa je a) t ^hoct 6eah , Aa TOajy npBBHAeijnje, 
h Aa HacToje, Aa ce OBe OApate, noniTyjy h Aa npn CBaEOJ 
npoMeHH oa HOBor B^aAaoua H3nniTy noTBpAy npnBn.iefynja. 
Ohh cy 6pary wa,eae o cBeKO^HKOM odraiem HapoAH»en HMa&y 
h AO(5py, h ohh cy qyBa^H onraiy HapoAHy Kacy, ohh cy npn- 
e&ae y cBoje pyKe caB „aoa?l^k u (npnxoA) HapOACKn Ha 
qyBaae y HapoACKOj Kacn. KaA kojh ennipon yiipbo , ocia.in 
cy rmhae npaBO Ha MecTO yipbjior, Apyror H36paxn. Ho 3a 
cBaKH onnrre HapoAHM nocao nma./iH cy HarpaAy „8Hkoct" 
H3 HapoAHe Kace, Kao hito cy HMa^H h crajiHy nyiahy 113 
„fflnnrrnHe. a Oa Tpn K.fcyia Ha HapoAHOJ Kacn jeAaH oejame 
y MHTponoyiHTa , Apyrn „y BOJEHCiaBHor" ennipona, a xpeKn 
„y MecTHor rocnoAapa" jaiaMHO rpa^aHHHa EapjiOBa^Eor. 

Ho bhahmo, Aa je cei obex 12 onnrreHapoAnnx enn- 
Tpona, naiajia je h cBasa jenapxnja cbojhx 3 enirrpona je- 



! ) Ha hcth Hamuli n AaHac ce iyBajy apxiiBU y IleniTii n lYinaii- 
Apen Ha 3BOHapn y uapouuioj co6iinn, na Kojuwa cy rB03Aena 
BpaTa a Ha iiposopHMa rBOSAemi icanmt. ByAUMCKii apxHB unje 
Ha 3BOHapn ho y napomiTOJ co6a noA jaKim oSHAaHHN cBOAOBUiia 
a ca jauiiM rB03Aeiiiui lspaniMa n i'bo3aciuim k;uiiuim;i. A Ha 
BpaniMa cy ahc CpaBe na Asa K^yqa, oa kojhx ji\uui 6ejame 
y CiipoBa a Apyrn y BajcTapajei enrayTa (onmTHHapa). 



21! KPHTHIKH IIor.lK/l. I1A lirOIII.lOCT CPBA y JTAl'CKOJ 

napxHJCKa , kojh cy oneT 6eae oa cBa Tpu cTajieaa. Obhx 
jenapxnjcKHX ennxpona Ay^HOCT je 6n./ia, Aa na3e, KaA 6n 
kojh B./iaAHKa yMp'Lu, j\,2l l>au,n , IjaiioiiH oh ABopjaHH He pas- 
ByKy BdaABraKy HMaoBHHy, nero 6pHat.T.HBo n no HHBeHxapy 
npHKyne ocxaBinxiniy, h npn'iyimjy, aok ce He jaBH 3a mpx 
BjiaAHKe MHTpono^HTy, n HapoAHHM jenHTponHMa ; a noxom Aa ce 
CBa 3aocxaBiuxHHa AOHece „y odmxHHy" (HapoAHy Kacy) CBe mxo 
ce Hafye cpedpo , 3^axo , hobh,h h ocTa.no AOopo. CBe tioKpexHO 
HMaite Mopajio ce AOHexn y onmxy HapoAHy Kacy, a HenoKpexno 
HMaH>e Aaea^o ce hobo nocxaB^eHOM jenncKony na iiyBaite h 
yaiHBaH>e. A oho 12 rocnoAapa ca mh rpono^nxoM , Aa ncnpaBe 
npecxaB/teHOM jenHCKony 3a Ayniy h aeroBHM alm^em. 1 ) 

y ceAMoj xa^KH 3axxeBa HapoA , Aa onrarH h HapoAHH 
cadop sadpaHH MHxponojHxy h B./iaAHKaMa, Aa obh HapoA ho 
KyHy h oa HpKBe oA-ayne. Ho Beae Aa 6yAHe cyA , Aa cya- 
ckhm nyxei pacnpaBH pasinpHua H3Biet)y B/iaAHKe h HapoAa. 

KaA 3ar.ieAaMO y cunce 6yAHMCKor apxHBa , HahHheMO Aa 
B;iaAHKe HapoA KyHy , KaA hm aaxreBaHe HOBije OAMax HHcy 
ga&ae hjih cmaeh HcxesHBaaa h TAo6e OA^nja^iH. /l,a on ce 
Hanin noraxoBaHH wraona yBepnjiH , 3araxo cy BA?LA,me eaqae 
HapoA, h krkbhm pa3^03HMa HapoA OA^HJao OBe oexBe, a BJia- 
AHKy Ha peA ynyhHBao , mh keMO y H3BOAy caonmxHxn OAroBop 
EyAHMana, KaA je toa- 1709. BJiaAHKa Mnxaj^io npoiuieo h oa 
UpKBe oxjiyqno 6npoBa, KiaexoBe h h»hx 70 HajoTjiH*raHJHX rpa- 
fyiHa cpncKHx, kojh My HeAaAome, Aa hx HenpecxaHO mo(ih. 

,,Mh Bacn onrnxe Hac — 70 — 6paxne, kojh aoxoahmo 
Ha AoroBOpt » BaponiKH aomx. h Ha 3./10 h Ha Ao6po , h cBaKH 
AoroBopX) Ka rocnoAap« dnpoBH h rocnoAapoMi. KMexoMi , h 



') Join oa npBnx Bpe>ieHa Ha^a3Hiio noiince, imBeHTape, nocMpTHe 
3aocTaBniTnee MiiTponoaiiTa h/iii B^aAime. Meijy cnnciiMa 6y- 
AHMCKor apxiiBa 6\ihe no AocTa TaKBHX imBeHiapa. 3a caA yny- 
kyjeiuo Ha 35 6poj „r./iacHiiKa 2. oAeyieaa III, kb.. y KOMe je 
iiHBeHTap nocMpTiie OdaBBiTUHe naTpnjapxa Apcena III ( x Ip- 
- HojeBiita). 



KpiITIIIKII IIOIMEA HA nPOUI.lOCT CPBA Y YrAPCKOJ 245 

He TeKHMH, — 70 — ho n cBa cnpoiiam c hrm , cbii cmo 
s i€ahhctbh. H raKO hhcmo n pa3HMecM0, Aa ere ce pa3rHe- 
Ba^n Ha — 12 — KMexoBa h na 6npoBa , n huaho CBe3aHO 
hhcmo n ^iioto Ha hiix'l noc.ia.ui , n ot HpKBG n cauopa 0T- 

AlWEAK, H K TOMS H CBeHITeHHKe OA HHHHX A0M0BT. SCTaBHJlH. 

8 Be.iHKo HeAOHMeHne Ba naAOcio , h Be.inKa cmsthk* ce no 
)ieaJAS HapoAOMx shhhh. 

3a Bora, Kpo3 hito TaKO cKopo n HanpacHo h decs ah o 
6n, hito Henma 8 obom n,apcTBHK>. KaKO Haflnpe KaKBHMi> 
ApsrnnMi) HasqnTe.iHnMi nncaHneii'L n.in chaoml 
HenoKapacre, n.in eg HasnncTe, n hito 6h as&hoct 
Bama dn.ia, HeninacTe; Hero Mecro npBaro ott> Bact 
(J^arocjiOBeHHHa, npnMHCMO npBS K^ieTBS ott> Bame 
CBeTHH>e, a He 3Haio 3 a hito. — — — — — — — 

H He Aaft Borne, s oboh caA&niHoil cmsthh h sn3()e- 
hhx jiioah, paAt »€ HeMani'L cecin 3a oho Hanie Ma.io 
acra.ia, h ho peAS l isnaTn cBaKora h CBenneHHKe n 
MHpcKe, KaKO n s IlefflTn. H xaAa he 3HaTH ao K&- 
Hora HOBHa, iuto e H3Met)8 CBeniTeHHHH n Metj» cbhmT) 
n apxnepeeit.. 

Hero 3a Bora , B/iaAHKO cBexn , hiihh ihto hem hhhhth n 
pasApeniHirre OBe rocnoAape , Aa ce to ho noB8 i ie no rpaA- 
CKott rocnoAH , h Aa Heo Be;iHKa komhchri h 3a CBanrro nc- 
HHTHBaite He nsa^e npeA He am a. 

A mh heaio Baia Bams mh^octhhio h ocra/ia opeaueHHKi 
CKopo HcnpaBirni. A 3a he;inK), 3a Bora, He raeBafiTe ce, 
ohs e oaoa ioran. 3a atHBOTa Ha hpkbs Aa.ia , n Ha to h 
TeurraMeHT CBofi arah , koh eio ma.ieMO Bainoii cBeniHii , Aa 
BHAHTe caMH. 

A mh CBa cHpOMaiHT, n ne.ia Bapomi> ca obh rocnoAapn 
KMeiOBH h Be^HKiiM 6npoBOMi> , koh e OAe HapeljeHT. , Bors 
ce Mo^iicMo h npocncMO n on. napa n on. rocnoAe n.apcK6 

— — — AOKl) HaMt OBO Ma. '10 CKSHMTHHe 

h csAa o (BaMeM AoroBOpa aouscthiii* 1 . 



246 Kl'IITlI'IKII IIOr.lKA BA IIL'OIILIOCT CPBA 7 Vl'APCKO.l 

EL tomko roAHHa HMacMo XBa^a Bora MnpHO h ocoChto 
ca cbohmh cBOiiiTOHMUH n apxiepei AOKOHaBau.e, o Bace i 
3a Bace, h ao k&ko ne6i cmo pacn8AeHH, a ca/i,e, KaKO bi- 
Ahmo , xohe Aa 6«Ae , iuto Hie 6mo , KaKO cmo oB^e aohmi, 
Aa H3a thIjmxj. aq\)& cviamaMO , bito ce roBopn. A n caim ce 
otfeniTacre Hannpe B./iaAiKO CBe'n c KMexoBi 3a cBamTo ao- 
roBapaTM ce i 8 cahhctbh 6hth , a ca^e noc^smacre HOBe 
Heite caBeTHHKe , Koe mi 3BaMO koi ch. 

A no chx'l — — — — — no Hainn no- 

c/Mhhhh pa38MecM0 , raxo ere nnca^n , n peon cie , Aa ce 
obi rocno^apn MHiuaio 8 Bame HeKe CTBapn n no48mnr\. 

Ka/i, ce koi ipHrraBH, a bh 3Haie BiiaAiKO cBeTH, oko 
e Hape^eHo 8 OBOMe napcTB8, npotiB oHora (KaKO dejame y 
CTapoM OTaqacma) n Ham e 3aKa3aTO o& CBewora THpBHHa 
(rpa^cKor MatjncrpaTa) rpaACKora , n oti> naTpimpxa , n mh- 
xponojiHTa TaKO HapefyeHO n apefyeHO, aokvko odAp^aBacMO. 
KaAe koh tipart xohe Aa ce npncraBH; npLBO A030BHe ABa 
i MLBeKa 3aKjieTa oat> TaHa*ia, h npnAt HHiia Aa HCKajKe, 
niTO e KOMe A^aHB , h ihto m« e tko AtfataH'L , h mio ocia- 
B.^a cBOMe Koera HMa. H no tomb , mio oeraHe Ha npLKBS n 
apxnepeio n CBenrreHHKOML, h 3a cBoe noAHmne. IlaKH hotomb 
Aa Aol>e CBemTeHiKB , a^ ra ncnoBeAn h npnqecTi. TaKO ctoh 
h rpaA» h 8 IleniTH , n HaMH e TaKO 3aKa3aio , Aa ap^emo. 

To e eAHO bmaiko, a Ap»ro e: mojuimo 6./iajKeHCTBO, a& 
6e cie HHKaKBe HOBHHe He hhhhjih , Hero KaKO CH OHH , KOH 
c» npejSAe Bac 6eae , n cBeio no i inBinn naipnrapxB , h ho 
HeML MHTpono./inTH. 3amTo mlioctimh c8Me HeHiia hh Ha 
eAHOM MecT8, Hero kojhko ce, KaA ce KaKO Mo^e. 

A ihto ce BameM8 d^a^eHCTBS oa Kora opaTa ocTaBn i 
HapeAH; mi ce 8 to He Leio Mnmain. A 3a Te CBeKOMKe 
CTBapi 3Hao e i cBeTO noqnBniH naTpnmpL n mhtpohojiitb, 
TaKO HaMB e Hape^no, a<i apjkhmo. A mhjiocthhr ce c 
K^ieTBOM HnrAe He 83HMa, Hero AOOpOBOAHO HITO 
ce Moaie. 



KPHTH1KH nOMEA HA IIPOHLIOCT CPEA y yrAPCKOJ 247 

ILikh no tomb B^a,a,HKO criero , niTO Haib e n3Aao cBeio 
hohhbihh naTpHwpb CTaBponnrnio (npaBo hpkboh c.io6oaho 
ynpaB^aTH) h Ha hh) ce n ocxajiH MHTponojinTn noAnncajin; 
OHaKO xokeMO /i,a o6apjkhmo , KaKO OHAe ctoh , n EaKO e 3a 
OBe abh npfeoe nemTaHCKH n Bsahmckh oHAe ns^aio h ao- 

KOHaTO. 

IlaKH mh CBa CHpoMamt h He./ia Baporai mojihmo Bame 
(faaa&eHCTBO , Aa 6h CTe Tan rHeBt 8CTaBHJiH, n impt no 
MeasA** HapoAOMi) h 6;iarocJioBeHHe » i ihhh^o. 3aniT0 HapoA 
He 3aKTGBa, a a 6n CTe Bame djiaateHCTBO HH eAHora 
HaiiMaHera 6paia KJie.au, hh ot'l hpkbb h cadopa 
otjihhh./ih, a KaMo ah OHe crapie h noMaBape Ha Koe ce 
CBa cnpoMamt h CBa BaponiB ocTaBHJia." 

y obom HCTOMt cainc/iy canniteHa je TayKa 7, cadopcKor 
npeA^iora 6yAHMCKe jenapxnje 3a cadop y Kap;iOBHn 1712. 
HeMa cynt-e, Aa ce Ay Anna AocaAHJie OHe Myne K./ieTBe 
apxHJepejcKe , iua y noMeHyioj Tpaate: „Ako 6h ce ap- 
xnepen koh Ha Kora rocnoAapa hk\36ho, Aa 6n n,p- 
KBy He3aTBapao, h jiiOAe Aa He 6r kago, hh oat> 
u,pKBe OAdnrao; 3aniTO cBexn anocTO./in hhch K^eiBS 
ocTaBHjiH; aKO ah 6h koh xpnctiaHHHb carpemno 
CBOMe apxnepeH) h »k\36ho ra, a a ra apxnepefi c«- 

AOM no'rpa^H H HpaBHB,OM.^ 

To je, mio cmo HMayiH KasaTii o 7-oj Taiun cadopcKor 
npeA-flora oa toa. 1726. kojh ce ca ohhm oa 1712-ie roA. 
noAnyno noAyAapa. 

A caAa, A'i npeljeiwo Ha HaJBaamnjy Taicy 8, y nomeHy- 
tom npeA^iory, r^e ce roBopn o tom, Aa ce y CBaiwj jenap- 
xnjn noAHaty niKo^e, a rAe je Moryhe, a norMBHTO y apxn- 
^HrKyaary, Aa ce ycraHOBH BejiiiKa mito^a, y koj'oj he ce 

yWI'II JiaTHHCKH H6Ma?KH II CpnCKH JC3UK. 

Kotihko je Ham napoA join oa npim BpeMGHa no ceodn 
TefflHO h atypHO TpaatHO , Aa ce y HapoAy noAnniy npocBeren 
3aBOAn, bhaii ce H3 npeAJiora 6yAHMCKor, a hotom6 n Kpyme- 



248 KPiiTiiqKii noryiEA ha ni'OUMOCT cpba v yrAPCKOJ 

Ao^cKor catfopcKor saEAyqKa oa roA- 1708.') r^e ce y 4-oj 
tr^h 3aKT6Ba: „THnorpa<}iiH h inKo^t h ocTajia \\\\- 
KOBHa Ha^tataHHici aiejKAB cotfoMi Aa 6hxomi> c/io- 

(JOAHO HMcUH." 

fl,& cy HMayiH npaBo iuto cy 3axieBa^H , Aa ce mKO^e no- 
Ain'Hy, bhah ce no oHoie, nno 1712 roAHHe 6 /I.eueMdpa y 
cbom npe-A-fiory 3a odiiith HapoAHH cadop Tpaaie : „Mo.omo 
ce Tora paAH npoMOTpHTe Eao Ao6pn nacTHpn, no- 
jiarawnjTH abmb cboio era a a cBer'o paAH, bhahto, 
KaKo cmo Meljy ocTa^H i€3hhh h HapoAH, a hh niKO^e, 
hh «qeHia He HMaiao, Hero HHeonjieMeHHKe np03H- 
Bamo Ha noMOh HacBaKOM MerrB." 

Bhahmo H3 8-Me raime , a -raKo hcto hs 4-xe -ramie Kpy- 
meAo^cKor catfopHor 3aK^>yqKa HecyMftHBy Map^nBocr h jby- 
6aB npeMa yTeMe.^eity npocBeie h npocBeTHnx 3aBOAa y cpu- 
ckom HapoAy. H no TOMe paayMeMO anxoBy Aoc&eAHOCT , nrro 
y 9-oj Ta^KH 3axTeBajy &ajbe: Aa ce nociaB^ajy cBenrreHHHH 
He no a-rapy h He ho hobhj h mht) 7 , Bek Aa ce 3a cBemTe- 
HHKe y3HMajy AyAH, kojh cy HCKycHH, KitnaceHH h miyqHH, 
h kojh cy HcnyiteHE 6/iaroAeTHMa npocBeraHM , n Kora Ha- 
poA xotie Tora n a<i M3()epe , a kojh He 6h xxeo aiHBeTH c 
HapoAOM y Ay6aBH, Aa ce nam c Mecra Apyrnia 3ameHHTH. 

IIo 10-oj Ta i mH HOMeHyTora npeA-flora 0Apel>yje ce cbh- 
TaK h nyiaTa CBemTemmHMa , ko^ihko ce MO^e Han^aTHTH npn 
BeH x iaH.y, Kpnnmy h papaH>nBaH>y. Mopa.in cy MHoro CTpa- 
AaTH oa HenpH.iHHHHx 3ax r reBa cbojhx cBemTeHHKa , KaA ce y 
CBOjoj npocdn Ha ca6op oa 6 -or /l,en,eMtfpa 1712 roAHHe H3- 
pniHO ffiajie: „Aa Hani) cBeniTeHHB.n Hame MpiBane He«ueH«K>, 
— KaAe koh q^oBeKt o6«Mpe, Aa mb cBemTeHnn.H 

He B3HM./1B T8i)8 3eiMB sa HOABIHHie — — — — — naKH 
h oraxe mo^hmo ce no 3apaAH eAaHt CBHTaKt , Aa OHcre «qn- 
hh-ah h HapeAH^H, Aa ce cBarAa K0H(J)83na He *ihhh BieiKAB 



') Biiam r.iacmiK 2, oa II kh». CTp. 98 6p. 63, n 64. 



kpiitiihku nor.iEA ha iipoiilioct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 249 

Hain n cBeinTeHHUH 3a cBaKe BemTH. IIpBoi 3a KpuiTeHime, 
dito ctoh Aam 2) j\i\ HaM apeAH BeHnaHHue, iionrro KeMO 
n^ataTH. 3) TaKot>ep h 3a BOAHHe , h 3a 40 Aaaa djto ctoh. 
4) EBaH^e^na naTaHe mptbhmb, dito ce n.iaha. 5) Ahmhhhh 

A3 j\]iYRX OA JlK)/I,HX. 

Ca 10-om TaqKOM ctojh y cbo3h h 11-Ta, y kojoj ce 3a- 
XTeBa , Aa B^aAHKe He KBape TacTaiaeHTe ; Hero KaKo ocTaBH 
h HapeAH Kojn HOBeK h Hannme y TacTaiaeHTy, h hito ocTaBH 
nony, apxHMaHApHTy, ByiaAHHH h^h MHiponoMTy, co thm HeKa 
6yAy AOBojihh. He Mayio y CBaKOM cadopcKO npeA^ory HatiH- 
heMO , y Koaie Tpaase homohh npoTHBy KBapeaa h caMOBjiacHor 
pymeita TecTaneHaTa oa crpaHe B^aAHKa. 

y oho BpeMe , KaA je Ham HapoA jom 6ho nodoaiaH , n 
na3HO Ha MopaA cBeuiTeHHKa , KaA ce jora Hnje HacTaHHO jaBaH 
OviyA, h CBaKO BpcHH Hc/rynn Kajiy^epcKH no MaHacTnpnMa, 
Kao y Hame aooV, bhahmo rAe y 12. TanHH 3ax r reBajy, Aa u 
mhpckh cBeniTeHHK, aKo da ocTao 6e3 nonaAHJe, Aa Hecie y hj- 
pnjH ocTaTH BHHie oa roAHHe AaHa , Beh je Mopao ntiH y MaHa- 
crap, Aa He6n cboj'hm cKapeAHHM jkhbotom HapoA ca6jia3HHO. 

Ao Aynie h OHAa je 6uao asayida oa HapoAa Ha cadopy 
1726 roA- 3dor pa3HHX Ka/iyf)epcKHx decnnHHJa. OBaj 9 aHlje.a- 

CKH 6e3M0^1BHH HHH BehHHOM je 6HO A6M0HCKH. M HapOAHH Ca- 

dop HapeAHO je Hapoqn'ry KOMHcnjy ;; apxHJenncKyncKH cyA" 
hoa ynpaBOM caaiora MHTpono^HTa Mojcnja, Aa h3bhau Ha- 
poAHe atayide npoTHBy Kaayfyepa. H OBaj „apxnjenncKyncKn 
cyA", kojh je dno cacTaBJteH ochm MHTpono-MTa. 2 B.iaAHKe, 
2 HryinaHa , 2 npo'rojepeja . 2 inpcKa CBeuiTeHHKa , 2 jepo- 
poMOHaxa h 2 CBeTOBHa ,/inua, nmao je oa MecTa ao necTa 
H3BHVao KpHBHHe h OAMax npecyAy H3pHHao it ko3hho KpnBue. 
Mh heMo Majo Aa^e H3HeTH Heico./iHHHHy npecyAa oBora „ap- 
xiijenncKyncKor cyAa" kha je MHTponojiHTa Mojcnja y EeiUTH 
dopaBHO. 

/l,a je OBaj apxHJenncRyncKB cyA oamrx no CBpmeTKy ca- 
dopa neh y Mecenj Jy./iy 1726 roA. cboj paA OAE<weo, BnAn 



250 KPUTII'IKH IIOTJIEA UA nPOIIMOCT CPBA Y JTAPCKOJ 

ce H3 nacMa TapoAHor ceapeiapa Eerpa HeHaAOBHha, 1 ) kojh 
je nncao 28 Jyyia 1726 vofl,. m OceKa, r^e ce Taj cyA da- 
dno. y noieHyroM nnciay Beyin: „Maotb Ka^yljepH 3a unaniTe 

f>e3 l IHII0 5KHTHG KafflTHraTH CH. IIOTOMh XOheiO C6 nOOlGTH MH- 

KBnpoBaTH h cBeniTeHnqacKoe asHTHe. H ca^B Ka#6 AOBpmnMo 
MOHacTHpcme HUKBH3HiJ,ie , mhc/mml (jot TeMHmBapa Aa teaio 
nohH y (nenrry). 

Kao mTO bhahmo , Aa HapoA eneprnqHO Hrrpaatyje h Ka- 
3hh KaJiyl^epcKa decqnHHJa. Ho ce Hije Ha TOMe sacTaao , Aa 
dpory AHCB,0n^iHHy nponnuie 3a Ka^iyfyepe m nonoBe cBei'CKe, 
Bet bhahmo, r^e y 13 TaqKH h BHiueM AyxoBeHCTBy nponn- 
cyje, KaKO Aa ce B^aAa. IIo TOMe HaMae apxHJepeJHMa , Aa 
Heiiajy HHKaKBo cpoASTBO oko cede ApJKaTH, Kpoi Ma r repe h 
cecxpe. Be3 y3poaa jaMaqHO Hnje noHHiwa OBa Taqo, Bet 
je Mopajio 6hth npnaiepa , rAe ce rocnoAa BJiaAHKe oKpyata- 
Bajy poA^HHOM , Koja y HMe cBora poljao BJiaAHKe tao6b. Ha- 
poA- A 6nKe h Tora, Aa cy rocnoAa B^iaAHEe HeroBa^H He 
6am HJiaTOHnqKy JbytiaB npeMa Ha30BH polyoma , a HapoA je 
jora TaAa HMao hoIih, Aa oboj tochoah CTaHe Ha nyT , a& ra 
HecpaMOTe npeA 'rytjHM HapoAHMa. 

/l,a.te je y hctoj TaqKH cadop HapeAHO, Aa B.iaAHK.a CBane 
ABe roAHHe , npeMa TeKOBHHH , Meaa TecTaiieHTe , n Aa xaKBe 
y AyniiHKaTy caqHHH, h Aa npeAa Ha qyBaae jeAHy jenap- 
xhjckhm jenHipoHHia, a Apyry Aa norna^e rviaBHflH HapoAHDM 
jenHTponHMa y apxHJenncKonaTy. 

Obo je Bamnjio h 3a MaHacrapcKe B^aAHKe , apxHiaHApHTe 
h nryMHe, n ohh cy Mopa^n CBOJe HapeAde HiH/taTH HapoA- 



') OBaj Ileiap no3HUJn MiiTpono-flUT HaBJie 6no je chh atfaunje 
Jocntjja HeHaAOBHha poAon 113 ByAHMa, a Joch<J) Kao nirciaeH *io- 
BeK, 6aBH0 ce y Beqy Bnme roAHHa Kao 3acTynHnK n H3acaa- 
hhk 6yADMCKH koa ABopa. Chh aeroB TaAaitn HapoAHH ceKpeiap 
IleTap no^eo je HayKe nsyiaBaTH y Beqy, a no3Hnje npoAyJKiio 
BeyiuKy niKo^iy y Kap.ioBijn, a noniTO je OBa npeeeceHa y BeorpaA, 
Taiio je cBpiiino HayKe. 



KPHTIIHKII DOrjlEA HA nPOIU.lOCT CPbA Y yrAPCKOJ 251 

hhm jenHTponBMa. OBe MaHacrapcKe ciapemnHe Hncy momh 
HMaTH 3ace6Ha HenoKpeiHa Ao6pa : BHHorpaAe , 6aurre , Kom- 
Hnue n BotiH>aKe , ho aito cy hito CTeK./iii , CBe cy MOpa/in a&- 
BaTH „y onmrnHy y MaHacrap", a /i,a ns MaHacTHpcKe „on 
miHHe atHBe cbh paBHO. 

H ca noc.aeAH.OM 14-om TaiKOM aoctojho 3aiu>yqyjy cBoja 
cadopcKa pemeH.a, Hapel)yjybn , a a Bnme HMeHOBaxn 12 
jenHTpona HMajy ype^HTH MHTponojiHTCEe TpomKOBe, 
n fl,a, ocTaae AO-aacite (npnxoAe) onmTHHCKe boa K^yqeai AP^e, 
Kao duo peKOCMO ABa K.tyqa AP^axy HapoAHH jennTponn, a 
Tpekn je 6ho y MHiponojiHTa. 

Ha obom BaffiHOM cnncy noAnncaH je mhtpohh^ht „Mofr- 
mwb IIeTpoB2Pn)", niTO je mopao yqnHHTji npe cBor nadopa 
3a Bp'oBHor siHTponxMHTa. Eao hito nemo Ma^io qac H3 H>e- 
roBa nucMa BHAera , oh je pa-AO npnciao Ha OHe y 14 ia- 
naKa nponncaHe cadopcKe 3aiw>yHKe, h ao cBOJe cmpth Hnje 
nora3Ho cBojy 3aoeiBy, Kojy je npe nstiopa npeA catfopon 
hojioikho. H to je 6ho jeAHHH mhtpoho^ht , kojh je napoAy 
BepaH Odao , h HapoAHe HHTepece nonrreHo , kojihko je Morao, 
3acTynao h (JpaHHO. Mh heMO CBy nonrreHy paAH>y oBora mh- 

TpOHOilHTa CaOHIHTHTH, IHTO CMO Ay^KHH OAaTH HOniTeH>e OBOM 

jeAHHOM u,pKBeHOM noiviaBapy, kojh Hnje Hnraia npeAy3eo pa- 
AHth, aok ce Hnje ca HajcBecHHJHM onrnHHauia AoroBopno. 
Kojihko Aaiue AyatnocT caBecHor ncxopHKa aohoch, a& CBeTy 
Ha yoeA H3Hece CBe MaHe, TaKO je Aya^H noMeHyni n Bp- 
^HHe , ohhx /LyAH , kojh cy Bnme maite yTHna./in Ha cyA^HHy 
HapoAa, KOMe ohh Ha i ie^y ciajaxy. 

y Te i iajy OBe pacnpaBe hhcmo HOKa3a./in h Hajaiaii.y iipn- 
CTpacHOCT npeiia .ampuia, oa kojhx je saBHCD^o h AO^ia3Hyio 
Aodpo n mo HaraeM HapoAy. Ha atajiocT HeMacMO ysposa, 
Aa XBajiOM cnoMeHCMo AOTaAafte HapoAHe npKBene noi.ia- 
Bape, jep cy jmora 3^a HanieM HapoAy npnAom.ia ca n»nxoBe 
cedniHOHocTH , hjih B^acTo.iyo.i.a , a lecro ca HeMapnocui n 
He3HaH.a. 



252 KPHTH1KH HUI.li:,], 1IA lU'OIILlOCT CPBA V JTAi'CKOJ 

3ap MoracMO HeoEpHBiiTM, Aa m aioracMO Aa ho ocyAHMO 
naipirjapxa ApceHa III, kojh je hs cefaraHOCTH QOMorao 6e i i- 
kom ABopy, yi,a CBeTOBHy BaacT cpncKHx CBeTCKHX iitir.iaBapa 
viiiiniTe n 3a naBeit capano. Heaia cyMfte Aa ce 11 Apcea III 
noKajao , a./i xeK OH^a, nonrro je yBH^eo, oko cy n ptera 
HeHavKa n siaI>apcEa rocnoAa npeBapiwa. A Aft je 'raKBO dito 
6eao , Aa je ouaj Hecpehen noMaBap, i;;i,i, My je y r.iaBH 
CBaHyAO , n rpo3Hy urpy npoivieAao . Aa je b6./ihmo oh y cbo- 
joj Myu,H , iiito cBaKH B./iacT0^y6au oceka y ropKOM lacy ca- 
3HaBaita TaitBHx hoa^hx o6iaHa , cbom AOMaliHHy yrapcKOM 
KaHuejiapy h MafyapcEoai npHMacy-apundjiCEyny npn cmiy, no- 
BHKao h H3ycTHO npe'nty. A a cy ob a rpo3eka ycHa Ha 
mht OBora apxajejEOBHTa otpobhhm nnjlieM, MOJKAa 
y HeKOJ naK^enoj 3ApaBHHii, HaBeK ykyTKaHa. 

Kajaite odaiaHyTHX iviaBapa HapoAy HHnrra He nonage, 
dito My je jeAHOM y aiarHOBeity CBor B.aacTO, 7 by6. ? ba OA} 7 3eo, 
hh KajaH>ei hh cbojom TpannmoM cMpty Bnrae He HOMoate. 
HapoA cpncKH 6e3 CBeTOBHor noiviaBapa , 6e3 no^HTHqHor 
Bofye, HHJe Morao ocrBapnTH uoaeteheo h HapoAHO aBTOHOMHO 
dnjhe , cBe oho CTpaAaite HapoAa , jesepo HeBHuo npO;iHBeHe 
KpBu,e , CBaKa ropKa cy3a THcyte HapoAnnx MyieHHEa npo- 
.?iHBeHe Kpo3 jeAHO n no cmaete, CBe to Hnje momo npe- 
Hna»iaTH ce KajaiteM yMnpyher, oa OTpoBa rpneher h npeA 
Horaiia CBor AeMOHCEor AOialiHHa Ha naTOcy Ba/iajylier naT- 
HHKa h HOKaJHHKa ceAor naxpnjapxa. H>eroB HackeAHHE cTa- 
pnHa HcaJHJa, a jom Maae ho3hhjh no^yMpTBH npKBeHH no- 
raaBapn Ha hbhhh rpo6a CBor, Hncy motaw noEajaxn ciipx 
ApceHOBy eae ynpaBO peKn MyqEO H3AajcTB0 HeMa^EO-Ma^ap- 
cKe rocnoAe HaHemeHO cpncEOM HapoAy. 

Toe HaEOH 30 roAHHa Hamao ce aoctojhh chh yBpe^eHor 
HapoAa, eojh je nou>ao „CBexy ocBexy", ho OBor Bpjior 
ciHa CBora HapoAa , Apyn* HpEBemr nor.iaBap My*iEH Ha My- 
T ieHHiiEy cmpt npeAa y pyse xyljHHHHia. 



KPiiTiiiKn nor.iEA ha hpohmoct cpba y jtapcko.t 253 

Ho Aa ce caA BpaTirao Hameai bpjiom uiniponojiHTy Moj- 
cnjy. HberoBe B|MHHe HeKa 6yAy Ha y3op caAaH>nji n 6\ r \\- 
tiHM MHTpono./iHTHMa cpncKHM , oo dito c Apyre cipaHe xpa- 
numa cyAda a./m AOcroJHa Ka3Ha naTpnjapxa Apcena III, 
HeKa cay am 3a onoMeHy HamHM caAaitHM n,pEBeHBM noiviaBa- 
pniaa , A,a oHa ncra rocnoAa , Koja nx pa3Hira aacKaBHM oue- 
taitHMa caAa k ce6n Ba6e a oa HapoAa OTy^yjy, h Koja ce 
TjBpcro AP^e CTapnx oKopeymx npeAaH>a , n lel^y Kojmia Hiia 
MHorax Ko./iOHHtia, a a tie OBa rocnoAan&iix .laKOBepHe 
cedHmtaKe Ka3HHTH h yAOCTojirm 3ApaBnn,OM otpob- 
HornnjKa,njiHnpe3peH)eM. H itHxoBa no3Ha Kaja&a 6ntie 
V3ayiyAHa , a y HapoAy te hm 6hth cnomeH npoK^eT oa ko- 
.aeHa Ha KOJieHO. 

Mh cmo o Kap^oBa^KOM catfopy oa 1726-Te AOCTa tobo- 
pujiH. 3aK.T>yqKe OBora catfopa caonmraiH cmo h nponpaTn/in 
HanmM npHMe'rdaaia. 

Jom MMaMO Aa KaaieMO , Aa je OBaj caoop Tpajao caaio me- 
cen, A«iHa. IHto bbahmo H3 HHcma MHTpouo^nTa Mojcnja oa 2. 
Mapia 1726, Koje OBAe y H3B0Ay caonnrraBaHO , jep H3 H.era 
A03HajeM0 o cBpraeTKy KapjiosaiiKor cadopa , o hotbpah catfop- 
cKiix 3aK.Ly i iaKa h o pa3HHM ApyrHM cyBpeieHHM Aoral^ajmia. 

HoMeHyro hhcmo y H3BOAy iviacH OBaKo : 

„A HO CHX HHHR TOdHKO H3BeCTBHeMO XpHCTOJllOuia)! P,a- 

mHMb, KaKO nam (onmie Hapo&AHH cadaHaK ecrt cBp- 
hih.icr. H o^aroAapnMO Bora n npecBerHio CioropoAiiuK ? a a 
Bca HapoAHaia nponieiiia n 3axT6BaHKi ikoahhho no 

MH^OCHBeilllieMH B,ecapO KpaJll€BCKOM8 AOHHlUTeflilO 

hch^'hh ce h ci.Bpnin, oko n noc/iaHHHii Baiuii n n.ienn- 
noTeHni(ii)iia./iii (ijiaro'jacTHn rocnoAapa rarp MaHOHAO Ilaunlii. 
h rocnoAap^ SKhbko BpaiiKOBHli , n rocnoAap naBe-fit (Pa- 
AeiiKOBnh) H3 8ctl npocTpainiee 6ka«ti. ci;;i;:a.ii[ xpncTOM)- 
6iaMi> BainiiMt, n ito c» uo];a::;ui! lwnn. name nocaaHe 
n«HK're h saxTeBaHin, to cadopno ecMO Biwe.ui n npo^ra- 
Ta.iii. H caAa AP»rar(fl pa, in TOAHBaso ©nrnxe Hapo&AHaro 



254 KPHTH1K0 nOMEA HA IIPOM.10CT CPBA y yrAPCKOJ 

A'Iah paAH , Hie ce moivio npOAHunpaTM , h ©npaBHTH , rae 
8 HanpeAaKt no pacHaiAemio xoKeie Ohtii KOOHieiiTHpaTH, h 

HMaTH 

/\,o6\m MHTponoJiHT bgae: „^a cy CBa HapoAHa upomeHnja 
h 3axT6BaH.a noAnyHo ncnyiLeHa , h cBpmena no miJMH./iocTn- 
BHJem necapo-Kpa.i>eBCKOM Aonynrren>y. H houito je o xoie n 
caM yBepeH 6no, a h napoA yBepno, mhphom caBeraliy Kpe- 
Hyo ce ca cbojhm apxnjenncKyncKHM cyAOM Ha nyx, Aa h oh 
oa cBoje CTpaHe caBecHO ncnyHH HapeA^y cadopcKy, h Aa nc- 
Tpaam n Ka3HH ua./iyt)epcKe h CBeinTeHH l iKe Hcryne. 

H Ha tom nyiy 6aBno ce peBHocHH mhtpoho^ht BHme Me- 
ceHH. 20 JaHyapa 1727 toa- Ha^asHMO ra y Henna, rAe 
Apatn apxHJenHCKyncEH cyA, h Kao caBecHH nsBpmnTe.'b Ha- 
poAHe Bo.te no npocdn 6yAHMCKnx Cp6a pemaBa: Ha npBin 
hhhktl : 3a HpeatAeme hp'kobho can.iHKaHTH TpiLaeme Aa niaio , 
AOHe^inate (ocra^HMt npKBaMt caTBopn ce,HKaKO nponeis 
npaBoc^iaBHOMb HapoA» oypeatAeHie 6vA,e ce oynn- 
hhjio, TaKO xoniTe n BaMt. Ha Tperin (3axieB) 3a cBe- 
DiTeHHHqacKoe oypeatAeHie: 3anoBeAa ce, Aa ce codAp- 
ataBa no HannH»; izmoate c/iaBHH cadopt oy3aKOHio 
ecTt. HpoTHBHTe^n cero 6xa,k ce KannnroBaTH. 

Mnipono^iHT Aaiue oa CBoje CTpaHe nonrreHo n Henpn- 
CTpacHO Bpmno je HapoAHy Bo^y, KaKO je c/ubhh cadop pemno. 

Mel^y thm HemanKa n Ma^apcKa rocnoAa paAe o Toie oko 
On h oho m&ao HapoAHx npaBnna noHnniTHJiH. H Aoopn mh- 
Tpono^ni He Ma.no ce H3HeHaAno, KaA yivieAa n^iOAOBe OHe 
rocnoACKe paAH>e y peniKpHnTy, kojh je 12 Anpn^ia 1727 r. 
npnino. 

OBaj AeMOHCKH pecKpnnT niao je Ty u,eA , Aa pacryMann 
HapoAy cpncKOM npaBn 3Hanaj aeroBHX HapoAHnx npnBHjie- 
Ijnja, napaBHO y OHOMe CMncay, y KOMe je BJiaAa n Mafyap- 
CKa KaHneyiapnja ate.ae.fla, Aa ce ohh y3HMajy. 

OBaj penrapnnT dyAe nociaH MHTponoJiHTy Mojcnjy c thm 
Ha^oroM, Aa ra nporviacn y HapoAy cpncKOM. MnTponoMT 



KPHTH^KH IIOrJlEA HA nPOffl.lOCT CPBA V JTAPCKOJ 255 

Mojcnje, Kao mro ce bhah H3 iberoBor nncaa Ha apaACEy 
jenapxnjy, Hnje xxeo H3BpmHTH OBaj 6e3aKOHn flavor. Eao 
niTO h can ncnoBeAa y noMeHyroM nHCMy „ropHio 3a no- 
BecTb hh Ha koh HaqnHt npnsETH HeMOiKeMO." (Bhah 
CpncKH yleTOHHc 1844. II. c/rp. 97). 

Moncen Boasneio mhjocthjo ApxnenncEHin. n Mmpono- 
xnib 6e.inrpaACKH , u Bcero npaBOC/iaBaaro HapoAa xpHCTiniH- 
CKaro , hoa BJiaTin pnMCKaro uecapa n ero Be-anwrBa Ca- 
BeTHHK'b: n npocTam. 

CnHpeane Harae nnmexb bt> Eoroai xpamiMHK) enapxiio 

6«AHMCKHI0 JHOdaSHHMI) ChHOHI. CBRTHe BaCTO^HHe AnocrojicKie 

KaTOJinnacKie ijpKBe npaBocaaBEHM xpncrniiXHOjrb odpeiaio- 
mTHMce b-b Kpa.BeBHHbiH x»Hrapn bo Bcixi KOMHiaTOBt, Ba- 
pomaxT) h ce.ae nomieHopoAHHarB CmpoBOMb mm KHesoBoarb a 
KMeTOBoarL h BceMt onnneMt BejiHKHM 'jug n Ma./inMb. Mnpt n 
(foarocioBeaae Harae apxiepencKoe A& 6»AeTi co Bceunn 
BaMbin aomh h WE BamHrn'. Ho cnx o6k\b./i raein* xpacTOJiio- 
6&vkwb BarnHMi) KaKo ero aecapcEoe, h EaTO-aniEoe Be^inia- 
ctbo nponiviaro ^eia , 1727. Mecena AnpaM, 12. AHe T ipe3i) 
cBe'Maro , coBeia BoecraBHaro n omapn ABOpHbira H3Aao pe- 
niKpHHT'b KM ASKpeii) Ha Hacb n Ha cmbhh onnun Hami> 
HapoAi) nopaAH TOJiKOBamra upHBiMeriax'b ouidthx aapoAaax 
Hamn h nocjiBX'b npom^aro jie'ra 1729. Mecen,a Anpu.ia 13. 
AHe no AP^roMT. naKH AeKpeiH qpe3L CBtabie aAMnnncTpa- 
hhio CepBHCKH Bnme peqeiiH peaiKpnarL , iipeaiAe Ba Cepiuno 
HapoA« Hauiei« n«n;iim,iipoBao u 3anoBeAao, Aa uhh Bnrae pe- 
iieHbin A^KpeTij npHMH.iH h odApffiaBajiH , a noioarb Eorfla una 
OHAe npHioum, Aa no bcioah A^a 6hu HHd.inHHpoimn.iii n 
3anoB'tAaTH , Aa npHMii u ocTaji' aapoA r i> npaBociaBaaro 3a- 
KOHa Haraero otfpexaioinTnce bo xanrapa, CaaBOHia, xopr.ai- 

CKOH , 'A«KaT8 CHpMH , EaaaT8 TeMIIUIBapCKOMb. Ha BOG MHB, 

TorAa ecMo cotfopHe ott> Kp.i.n'i'.iiiio CepBie co xpiirniMiuii 
o6dithmh OHAe BcenoHn3Heniiie ii apeaoEopainaie OTBeTOBaaa, 
h cero n necapcKOM» KpaaeBCEOMB BeaaiacTBa ii ipe3 pe- 



256 BPHTHIKH UOMEA HA IirOlll.lOCT CPBA y yrAl'CKOJ 

nemi\ CBe'Me aAMaaacTpanie bobhsblih MeMopaa./n> ajia apo- 
meHie upeA^iojKH^M , a,u mm a aann> hrcthh iuep'B a c/mbbh 
iiapoA'J' xpHCTimHCKiH b CepBa odpeiaioiiiTHce , de3 coTjim-m 
h BeAOMOCTHH ocrajiaro Bcero odnrraro Hapo^a Haniero boa- 
B^acriio piMCKaro u,ecapa aaxoAenrraroce , aa no koh aaMHBT, 
npHMHTH HeMoateMo. Ho Bee noBHSBeaiae mcahmo a apocaaio 

BTO 6HH HHAOCTHBH'bHIIie HOIDSCTEA* TeBOpayiBblH B./M otfuiTe 

HapoAHH Cadop'L Ba eAHBO cobokhbhthh Bcero aapoAa no 

»CTaB8 H 3aK0B8 BaBieMH H Aen«TaTHH OQBITe Aa BOC/18aiaK)TB 

a npoBMAeTL , n no aeate npBee BKd./iBU,npaBe peaiKpaaTa 
cero Ba CepBaa bt> Be^inrpaAe , no 8Ka38 ero necapcKaro n 
Kpa./ieBCKaro Be;uraacTBa , ncmeAO ce cnae n hhb'b noMen8Toe 
n,ecapcKoe a KpajieBCKoe BediroacTBO T ipe3 coBexa BoecraBnaro 
ABopaaro no MaaAaT«M8 caAt sa Hac B3AaT0M8 JieTa. 1730. 
Mecena <PeC>p8apa 27-ro Ane aaaMa./iocHBB'BBnje pe30.flOBa.aH 
h aobhctbjib pe^eaaa n odrnxe napoAHHH Cadopi. Ba Be^n- 
rpaAe KpajieBnaa CepBia Aa MoateMO ApataTHH. H catiopa 
TepMHH eoaowa na npa3ABHK B03Eeceaira rocnoAa Bora n 
cnaca Xpacra, oda^ie xaKHM aatiaaoM, Aa ae jrnoro aepcoaa 
68A8Tt npnxoAHTH na cadop. Cero paAH BafflBMi xpacTO.iK>- 
daiUMi. no aojukboctb Haaioa h a,ecapcKaro a KpayieBCKaro Be- 
jurcacTBa noBe^ieBieM'L OMaaiaeMO h npn3HBaM0 na reaepa./iEH 
oObith sapoABH Cadop'L , n Bap8q8eM0 , bto dacre AoroBopn- 
jince n H3dpaAH pa38MBie n BpeAsie .mj\n 3a AenyrnpTe Bame, 
h BHMa Aa HMaxe Aa'rn ot Bact AOcronHe HJieHHHOTeHHHe Aa 
ot Bame CTpaae aoipedaa caoBa na cadop8 bi AOKOBMaaio n 
3aijiio i ieBH) Hor8Ti npeAcraBKiTbiH n Ba npisHBaeMH odarriH Ha 
Poahh c adopt Ha 8pe*ieaiH TepMaai> aaapeAt aeKoa a^bl Aa 
dacie npnauiH, KaKO da h KoaaKe cedtia ao spe^eaaro Bpe- 
Meae HapeAHTH moivlh. H cira Bai 3a Bame aapejKAeflie a tom8 
apayroTOB^eaie ape3 aamero cero apa3BaTe^aaro nncaaara aa- 
apeAt o63aaB«eMO a Ap8rou\ i me Aa aecoTBOpBTe. Ilpo^e 6asl- 
roAeTT> doarira a noKpoB-L npecuvrne doropoAHHH d8Ae co BceMB 
BaMHB. /J,aHO b?> Be i i8 1730. Map. 25 Aae. 



KPIITliyKH IIOr.lEA HA ni'OIU.lOCT CPBA y JTAPCKOV 257 

Obo HaMM AO/ieflOAancaBB yKpaTEO Bpeancaao ot c/ioBa 
A0 c.ioBa h Ba jugto rocaoABBa ApxnenncKHaa neiaTOMi n 

p»KOK> B^aCTBOK) BOABBCHeM n BOTBpatA«eM. 

(M. n.) Moncen IleTpoBnqi. c. p. 

BnKeBTie IoaaoBB*n> c. p. 

Eoc/ie OBor rpo3Bor pecKpnnia nomTeBH MHTpono^HT anje 
BHBie MHpoBao , Beh je eoa ABopa pa^no , Aa ce bito npe 
casoBe BapoABH caoop. Ho h y tom anje KTeo Aa paAn ca- 
MOBjiacHO 6e3 HapoAa, Beh ce npeico BHCMa AoroBapao ca 

BapOAOM. 

Me\jj thm ca obhm aecpehBBM pernKpHBTOM , BBaborae jom 
n Apyrn yMBBLLaja MafyapcEe MaxBBau,nje Ba BBAejio. M caA 
Bet jacBO OMeAasio , rAe ce eslao no Ma^o ociBapa aoroA^a 
Ma^apa ca BdHxobhm aaocTo./in i iEBM Epa.teM , mio yiBpABme y 
Mapiy 1722. toa- aoc/ie BpnM.Leae npamaTHiKe caaEUBJe. 

Mh cmo o Toaie sa cbom Mecry roBopn./iB , n caAa caMO 
t ihbbmo naxLHBe aarae naTaoae , Aa hx Be6a oBe MaxBaaBBje 
H3BeBaAH^ie. 

KaA je oBa 3aBepa npoTHBy BepBBX Cp6a cEOBaaa roA. 
1722. TeE cy BOBe cpacse ofoacra boa kecapeBy Bjiacr Aom.ie. 
HapoA je jom 6bo, sao o6bheo aoc/ie paTa y3pyjaH, Bmnaie 
ce Aaoe anje cmqao Taaa jora THipaTH. H TciKo bbabmo, rAe 
xeE aoc/ie Bex b mecr roABBa nyra'rajy y cpbceb aapoA jeABy 
bo jeABy flCEpBnj, bo Mayio coBAflpajy TepeB , b aKo Cn Ba- 
bmb y aapoAy oAaopa , Aa cBoje BJiaaoBe OTJioase Ba fojba 
BpeMeaa. 

HeKaEo bm ce HeAonaAaiue oBaj .,rpyun" MHTpono^HT 
cpncKH. HeniTo bm Beo6a i iaa oejarae nojaB MHTponoMTa . kojh 
3aoaB,a HapoA n BapoABa npiiBa, a ibhmix neyrafya, kojh 
Ae;ie opAeae b cnaxHJiyKe. 

JeABO bm je bo bo.i.b 6ujio aa obom Beyr.ialiriioM MHTpo- 
BO.inry, bito je 6no crap b aeiaxo Be-iaroAaa. A join nx n 
to Bece^a^o, bito cy nMa.ni Beh jeAaor cpncKOr n.ia.un.-y na 
pynn, eojb je r raMaa Oho sa a>nx , yAecaB Aa HSBpniH ilh- 

I'jACHHK XXXVII 17 



258 KPHTH1KH HOr/IEA HA ni'OUUlOCT CPEA 5 STAPCEOJ 

xoBe mia-HOBC cyje'raH , BJiacTOAyduB , Ha to join oa AaBHa 
cnpeM.ben, ooaBeurreH h y cBeiy c liHMa caryiacaH. Mh cmo 
HanoMeHy./iH , Aa je Taj BJiaiHKa a hotoh>h mhtpohojiht h xy- 
capcKH npoxeKTop BnheHTHJe JoBaHOBHh, jora oa toa. 1722-re, 
KaA oho camnrae njiaHOBe npoTHBy cpncKor HapoAa, ca ohom 
HeMaqEo-Mat)apcKOM tochoaom nperoBapao , h h.hx caBeroBao. 
HeMa cyMH>e , a& 6h ra iteroBH bhcokh npnjaTe.LH 3a MHipo- 
uoAmEAE, Aa ce norao o6hhh Bet totobh h 3ac/iy}KHH mb> 
TponojiHT 6e^HrpaACKH , a ABa MHTpono^iHTa onei Hex r reAe Ha- 
poA- Ho Aa OKpeHeMO .anna oa OBora HecpetiHor BnheHTnja, 
HMaheMO ra KaA h cyBHine nocMaTpaxn. A caA npaTHMO jora 
necTHor MHTpono./iKTa Mojcnja , Ha aia.iocT , Hehe mo ra 3a 
Ayro HMaiH. 

IIohito cy'pasyMe^a OBa rocnoAa eHeprnimy pei 036hji- 
Hor MHTponojiHia cpncKor „hh Ha koh HanHHB npHMHTH 
HeMOJKeMo (pecKpHHT)", oAMax cy ynyTa.M, h 3a Heso BpeMe 
ce npHTajaAH. Ho pecKpnnT crajarae ao Ajnie He H3BpraeH, 
&a i Heono3BaH. 

Ha roAHHy AaHa no3HHJe bhahmo, rAe ce rocnoAa oneT 
nojaBHrae ca ApyroM hobhhom. Ho caA cy Befi <J)aKTH i iHO Ha- 
cpHy^H Ha cpncKe npnBH./iei)MJe. Ho cMHCiy obhx ocBennaHnx 
npnBH./iet)HJa npKBeHO 3ei.i.HniTe h cBeheHHHH. 6eae cy ocao- 
6o\)QEE oa nopesa h AeceTKa. 

Kao hito feeMO bhahth , npBO cy Kyma.in dyAMCKe Cpoe. 
3acTpaniHTH npeKO BaponiKor Ma^HCTpaTa ; na aKO obh Kao 
HajcBecHnJH h HajeHeprnHHHJH npncTaHy Ha nope3 , OHAa csia- 
Tparae , Aa je nrpa Ao6nBeHa. 

Ho ce n iy npeBapHrae. TaMaH ce ByAHMHH AoroBaparae 
o TOMe, a.aH je mhtpohojiht Mojcnje Beli npncKO^no H>HMa y 
noMOh cbojhm caBeioM h hhcmom oa 13. Oe6pyapa 1728. 
toa. y obom nncMy BeM MyApn Mojcnje: „ CBeniTeHHHn Banra 
ecH HaMB u;eAy^e nopn,HCKe (nopecKe) npeAJioatH^H h c 
kohx-l ecMO BHAe.iH, Aa He caMO ©hh. ho h rptfHT H.p'- 
kobhIh nopnjio MOJKeTi> n^akaTH, h Bene Ha.<io2KeHO ecT. 



KPUTHHKU nOT.lEA HA nPOffl.lOCT CIT.A V YrAPCKOJ 259 

H mh e^iHKO 3a npecraBJieHie apxiepeeBO l ) ecjio ©ck[j6h.<ih 
xe, toahko h BHiiie cob an HOBHTax (HOBHHa) HajiaaieHtu 
nopuncKoro HenpaBeAHo ©CKpdiw Hac ecn>. A u ©cent xora 
He Ma^io no Bace ahh CBaKHMa HenpaBeAHHMa HOBHTa- 
THMa h Aocaai^eHiaMn h npoinBHiTHHaMn oyrcsBJie- 
hhcmo h ©cKpoVtHH. Bap Bame nonrreHopoAie HHcre ah 
moivih to./ihko cboc cBein'reHHKe h n.pKB8 ©TdpaHHTH ©t xora 
HenpaBeAHora Ha;iora, ^a Hani. tp«ai> n Bnme Henpn- 
JHKe HeBaAaexe. A cot upHBH.aeriax'L ©ohithx napie 
BHAHMHpa're HiaTe, c KOHMa Moateie ce dpaHHTH 
KaKo *ito cs n Bams ciapin tbophah. — — — — 

— — — M AO HHHKV HH ApKOB-L HH CBeiH T eH H HH HH- 

Ea/i, nopu,ie hh c8 A.aBa.o. — — — — — — — 

(06aye hb cBeinTeHHH,H hh hpkob HHKaAa He 6»Ae 

KOHTpH()HHpaTH. — — — — — — A MH XO-' 

HITeMO H MaljHCTpaTS 3aTO HHCaTH." — — 

Ha HeKOJiHKO A^Ha no3HMJe OAroBapajy ByAHMijH MHipo- 
nojiHTy y kom Be^ie: „<Da MarncipaTa nocaaTa KOMHcia A.o.ae 
8 Bapom HamH He caMO cBenrreBHKa pa^H, ho ho cboh Ba- 
poniH ecie 6hao 3aKa3aio ; KHHre BHHorpaACKe , ©t AOMOBa h 
©A npomviH roAHHa u,eA»^e nopHBCKe Aa cs ce hmajiu npi>A- 

AOJKHTH — — — — — — KaA C« Ha HHMepe AOHI./IH 

GBeniTeHH^aHCEHX AOMOBa hah BHHorpaAa , xorAa Haaia ec8 
©rviacnjiH , h mh ecMO ce dpaHHTH h roBopH^in: a a KaKo 

ecMO ©BAe 8 ©boh BapouiH A^ HHi'Aa hhcs 

CBeni'reHHHH nopH,ne p.&b&ath. IlaK hotom no ahkhocth 
HaiuoH ecio h CBemieHnKOM ©Macn^n, Aa u ©hh caiiii Ha 
JiHue KOMecHH ec» aoih./ih , h ec» ce ©AroBapajiH. 3aTO h ec8 
bmt> TaKO ©A roBOpn.iH : He caio © b o r a e t a t e k 8 hit a 28, 
Hero h ©a 26 nsncKaTH xoneio — — — — — — 

h BHAiiMiipare npHBiL/ierHe ec8 ii:mocu.iu n;i Ha run pari,, n 
MarncrpaT'L ©AroBopa Hue shhhh©, ho ueAH.ie ecTe 

') Mnxaj.io Mii.iomeiiiili iua ini;a 6yAHMCBD yMpto je 10. 'I'eCp. 

1728. roA- 



260 KPUTJI4KII IIOI'.IKA HA HP01II.10CT CPBA Y yrAPCKOJ 

hml nocaa© , oko h ApyrnM , — — — — — — — — 

— — — Kpo3i TaKOBo crat. 8 i mneH0 Hainofi Ba- 
pomn HHKJiKBa AoxoAKa ne HMa, hhth ce nua EOiera TponiKa 
h i ihhhth, hhth naK'L ccsHanpeAi ca mini opannTH, 
aKO 6h kor 6efl,& Haumjia, ©a Koe Coaie cancan. 

y koahko je BHUie na napoAHa npaBa HanaAaaa deiKa 
Bjia^a noACTpeKHBaH>eM MafyapcKC KaHH,e./iapHJe , to je qeciHTH 
MHTponoAHT MojcHje ca HapoAOM CBe BHme qyBao , dpaHHO, i 
flp»ao ce cpncKHX npHBMe^HJa. Ho je naJBHnie nonrroBao BO^y 
h mbjbj HapoAa cpncKor , 6e3 caBeia HapoACKor HHnrra HHJe 
npeAysHMao. Oh je noiviaBHTo noniTOBao pemeita jenapxnjcKnx 
catiopa , a HapoHHTO je oAotipaBao h noTBpljircao oa obhx ca- 
dopa H3(JpaHe BJiaAHKe. 3a iteroBa atHBOTa jenapxnjcKH cadopn 
6nipsum cy r rpn KaHAHAa'ra 3a BjiaAHKe , oa kojhx je anrrpo- 
nojiHT ca chhoaom jeAHor Mopao hotbpahth. 

TaKO bhahmo H3 jeAHora dyAHMcaor cnnca (6p. 1055), 
rAe ce 30. JyHa 1728. roA- CKynno y ByAHMy jenapxnjcKH 
ca6op , y ne./iH , Aa Ha aiecTO ysipjior BJiaAHKe Mnxaj.ia Mn- 
^omeBHha HOBor BjiaAHKy H36epe. 

Aa 6h hito BepHHJy cMEy OHora BpemeHa h HapoAHe 
paAfte Han.pTa.aH n HMa^iH , to oBAe caonmTaBaMO no oprn- 
Hajiy npoTOKO.a h saK^tyqaK HOMeHyTor jenapxnjcKor cadopa. 

^OBora 30. IiOHa n roAHHe 1728. caBeTa cadopHaro. 

„IIaMeTHH 6iiaropa3«MHH nonTeHO poahh nyieieHHTH rocno- 
Aapn odmro npaBocaaBHH xphcthikhh i3 OBe enapxne 6hahm- 
CEe cAe caBaKHHajiniH ce » 6»ahmckoh ao^hoh Bapomn ho 
3apaAH OBe CmAHMCKe enapxne , KaKO Belie BaAOBa ecTt ocTa^a, 
i Toro pa ah ecMO caKsnH./iH ce npoMOTpnTH 3 6ojehhmt. npo- 
HSBOiieHneM'L n npeocBemTeHHM bpxobhhmt. rocnoAHHOMT. n ap- 
xnenncKHnoMi) mhtpoh<mhtom MonceoMt EeTpoBntieMi). 

„3a chk) enapxnio, Aa npeocBeniTeHH rocnoAHH r & HamT> 
H36epeTi» BpeAHH n aoctohhh, Koero d«AeTT> HeroBO npeo- 
CBeniTeHCTBO xTeao Tponn« HacTHenran, n Haib HapoAH Aa 
npeA-flOjKHTb, Koero mh xphcthkxhh odmTO d»Aeio 



KPHTH1KII IIOIVIEA HA HPOin.lOCT CPBA Y JTAPCKOJ 261 

npoMOTpHTH, n nsdpaTn ca (JjiarocjioBeHneMi. Ba npeocBe- 
mTeHora rocnoAHHa n apxnenncK8na n Mirrpono.inTa , TorAa 
hmhoaohhx eABHora, Koero HaMb npeMn^iocTnBn tochoab 
Borb AapaeTb n axxl cBein HacTaBHTb ca 6/iaroc.ioBeHnejib 
npeocBeniTeHora rocnoAHHa 68Ae ce nocTaBnin, o6mTO Ha- 
poAHO MH^iocTnBHe, KaKo Ba 6oj\me obomu cauopu n od- 
dithhckoms AOKOHeHio ca ueiaTH h phkohoahhch xoneMO cBe- 
AeTejicTBHiix npeA^oiKHTH no pe^a ot MecTa KaKo nocaeA8eTb. 

„1$ nme catfopa: 6«AnMCKe j\,oaeq Baponra TadaHH Bn- 
poB^ 6BTHMne KHesKeBH^ii) n TaHant co ocTa.inm CK«na 8 ea- 
dopa (M. H). 

„8 HMe cadopiHO ot cipaHe nennaHCKe CAo6oj\hne Kpa- 
jieBCKe Bapomn, Mi Koi cmo Hapeljed MaHoi.10 Xa&n HnKo- 
Jimb (M. II). MaHoiao naqira-B. (M. II). 

„tf HMe cadopcKO oa cipa-He BnorpaAa, Ron cmo c Ha- 
po^oM nocaaTH c pHKonncMeHH Hamn n neqara h KOHTpaES 
(yroBopy) Hap8 i i«eM0 aae^Ho « cad op 8. (M. II). Baco Ban- 
fl,E\\'b (M. II). Hexap Xepnerb. 

„Oy MMe cadopHO op, CeFranApee, koh cmo c HapoAOM 
noc/iara c pHKonncaHneMi, Hamn n nenaTH n KOHTpaKTS Ha- 
p8i«eiio 3aeAHO 8 cadop8. Ioca IffiproBnit dnpoBi> n R- 
Haqi (M. II.) 

„8 HMe cadopHO ot crpaHe ModoAHe KpaaeBCKe Bapomn 
KoBHHCKe , mh Kon cmo nocaaHH ca Hamn psKonoAnnce n ne- 
iaTH Hamn 3aeAHO 8 cadops (M. n.) HnKo.ia Boanti. 
(M. II.) Ie$TO MapKOBHH. 

„8 HMe Hapofla, koh cmo noc/iara mh OBAe Hanraii p»ko- 
8Ba'reHeML OBAe HOAnncacMO ce , u nenaT ce.icKH no.<ioaincMO. 
(M. n.) la Ctouko TeoAopoBH^ib. BiipoBi I^eew limoBan'b 
XayiiamKH. 

„tf HMe HapoAa, koh cmo nocflanu mh OBAe ca Hamint 
p8K08Ba'reHneM OBAe HOAnncacMO ce n ne^aTOM ceACKHH cbb- 
AeTe.iioeMi> (M. n.) Likobtj TapHn'iamiHT. dnpoB'i. momROTCTH, 
ca noc./iaHHKOM HoBaHOMb Mn.i«TnnoBn x ieMb. 



262 Ki'imi'JKii uur.iEA iia iii-oiilioct cpba y jtai-ckoj 

.,8 hm6 cadopa h mh koh cmo Hapefyenn oa HapoA'a b 
nocyiaTH OB^e cede ca neuaroM ot ce^ia (?) nawera cBeAe're- 
.'lioeiwt f Mhk\ti> "Ba^HHai^b f Hoiuih KpcTOHoma. " 

Hocae onora Kofaor pecKpnnTa oa 12 Anpnyia 11 '21 r. 
b\)ah MHTpono./iMT , Kao HiTO peKocMO , HHje name MnpoBao, 
Beh je qecTO OTMasno y Ben, moAehu, ah ce iuto npe ca- 
30Be HapoAHH ca6op, c kojhm je xtco oBaj 6yAHH h dpnat- 
.bhbh i^pKBeHH noiviaBap , Aa ctaHe Ha nyr qecTOM h kphbom 
Tyjiaieifcy cpncKHX npnBH./iel)HJa. 

KaKo b ko^ihko ce ja-AHH MHTponcaHT 6opBo ca ohom He- 

CpehHOM K./1HKOM OHOM TOCHOAOM H3 ABOpCKC BOMaHKe — H Ma- 

VipCKe KaHHe^apHJe , h ca jom ApyroM cKopainaoM BeJHMKOM 
b 6npoKpaTCKOM rocnoAOM H3 6eorpaACKe KaMepayme aAMBBii- 
CTpaBBje, BHAH ce H3 H>eroBor BHCMa, Koje je nncao hb Be i ia 
15 HoBeidpa 1729 roAHHe dyAHMCKHM Cpdnna. 

y oBOMe BHCMy ata./iH ce mhtpoho./iht , Aa oa uecapeBor 
ABOpa nocie AyroBpeMeae 6op6e Be Moaie Aa Aodnje oAotfpeaa 
3a onniTH HapoAHH cadop. H>eroBo BaacTHTO h CBOJepy i mo Ha- 
nncaHo HHCMO noosahe Hajdo/be b H>eroBo MHm;i>eH,e , n hmo 
CTan.0 crBapH. H aaxo OBAe caonuiTaBamo noieHyro MHipono- 

JIHTOBO HHCMO, KOje OBaKO MaCH I 

„Ba (ioroMt xpaHHMBio Baponit 6»ahmck8io IIeiHT8, h 
CBeiH AHApea , KobhhI) h ©KOJHa noH3peAHaK\ mecia , codpe- 
TaioniTH ce g>a cBeT ne Hanie Bpoe jHOAeMt , nomTenopoAHHML 

TOCHOAapOM dnpOBOMb , TaHaiHHKOMb , TproBHeMt , pK<jmoMb 
CBaKora *inHa KMexoBOMb , n Bace onnne npaBoc/iaBEHM xpn- 
cthrhomb , 8 rocnoAa Bora npocHMt MHpa , 3ApaBHR A-flro- 
AaHCTBHin h cnaceHHHi BeiHaro. 

1. H3BecTB«eMO BamiM xpHcm/iiodHRM , noHeace oa mho- 
roe BpeMe, KaKo cmo cojini],HTnpoBa./in koa cjiaBBenmer ABopa 
uecapcKor 3a ©dniTe codpaaie eime He bo3motoxom 
AonnniTeHia hmt>th, KaKo Chcmo mooh cadopHe caeTaTH 
ca h pa3roBOpHTK 3a Hame cBaKe oodnrre nocaoBe h npKBeHe 
h HapoAHe. He b'Ijmh hphhhhh ceM«, i ieco paAH He aohb- 



KPUTUqKH HOTAEA HA IIPOIII.IOCT CPBA > r YrAPCKOJ 



263 



nuawT , a hhsmh MHorn niitiomTe , Koe cbhm nasi Ha.aaseT, 
a caMH © ce6t He bt>mh i ito tbophth, 6qz caiuacia 
oomie HapoAHaro, a Hanna^e mo gctl nomeAb ©AroBop Ha 
Ham o6niTe HapoAHH penjinK ©t Hac cbhx ropi noc-iara bh- 
coEOCJiaBHOM8 ABop» necapcKOMH. (OBAe ce pa3jMe pecEpnnT 
oa 12 Anpiwa 1727 toa- kojh je niao Ty u,qa, Aa HapoAy 
cpncKOM pacTyMa^n npaBH 3Hanaj HapoAHHX npnBHViernja , Ha- 
paBHO y ohom cMHcay, EaKO ra je B^aAa ffie.ae.ia TYMamrra. 
MHTponoMT oAOHJe OBaj pecKpnnT, Kao into caai Ka3yje y 
nncMy ByAHMHHMa „hh Ha koh HaiHH He MOffieMO npnMHTn.") 
EorAa caio h mh npeffiAe ©BAe (jbvih n ©theme Ao.<ie , A a ce 
Tamo naCMnnnpa npe3 acHeflmaro rocn. xepnora A^escaHApa 
©t BnpTeHdepr h caa-BHie Hecapcme 6e.uirpaACKe aAMHHECTpa- 
nie , Koe cacTOHT ca 8 AeBerax nsHKTax , rAe h TaKOffiAe 3a 
Hame ©6mxe codpasie MacnT ; no KoeMH HannH« AOEHmia ce, 
no KoeM8 ae He Aonsnna ce, a He a& 6ka&t n,e.aoe HapoA- 
Hoe coopame (©t kohx mh ao Ma^o Bpeiie xoneio nocaaTH 
© cbhx AeseT hbhktob Konie). H© mh TorAa h c' TaMO npn- 
.a^HBinn ca Hap oa a mi. cepBECKEM, ecMO ce ©TroBapaan, 
Aa HHfflTa mh caMH no ceoi gahh cepBHCKH Hap©A ne 
MoateMO sheath, eete ©TroBapaTE ce 6e3 ocia^iora 
cBera HapoAa, koh ce ffiEBEMO hoa gabem ME.aocTEBeiime 
H3AaTHM HameMH CBeMa Hap©A» pacniaHCKOMH ripHBHaeriaMH, 
Ba pa3.anEHHx npoBHHuia ©6pe'raiomT©MH ca. A Aa 6ecmo ce 
dti.'iH Ba eto TorAa npnBO.aH.an n no cede i rro OTroBapa,iE, 
to dncre cbhxt. Hac h ©HAemHH cepBncini nap©A> BHHOBHe 
tomb CKa3a/in 6hte. Hero naitn noHH3Henme MO.an.an ca npe- 
ciaBHOMa ABops u,ecapcK0M8 3a Mn^ocTHBeftme AOHHnrreEie 
©nuiie HapoAHaro CBera cotipama , oko cmo h ao cae otfn- 
ian hm'l^h. H xaKo cbhx onmie Aa ce ©TroBapaMO, a eg 
CBaKa npoBHnn,ia no ce6t>, KaKO ecrt h HeB03Moamo 8 raKO- 
bhx cTBapnx npHBBvierncKHx, .6AHH 6es AP«rnx ©TrQBapaTH 
ca, a¥)6o eto 6n.ao ii.ni aa q-ro hobo npHBcaHTe ca. KaKO e 
naitn nporaeme Hame n ©ttobop Ham 8 ekth iiaM cheithm 



264 K.P1ITH4KU HOr.lEA HA IipOlII.lOCT Ci'LA y yi'AI'CKOJ 

ecTB AespeT npnmeji'fc na c/iawi8 aAMHHHcrpaijiH) 6e.iurpaA- 
ckk ©i BHcoKoc^iaBHaro necapcKor B^KpiercbpoTa 11 Kty'bKa- 
Mepe n hum ©t hhx peinKpnirr ©r Toro cthivi » iiht« , u 
©(t) Toro xoheio bh noc/iaiH Koniio eKCTpaKTi. Karco n imkh 
HeAoiiHurra ce HaM ©onrre napoAHO cotfpaeie , no x cBaKon 
npoBHHuin no cedi, no cbhx npoBnuuia n\i.. 

,,naKH » hhth 6»A«hH no nepnoMH ecaio ce ©lTOBOpH.<lH, 
Aa hhmto Hefieiao ne Momemo hhhhth 6e3 (ScTaaora iiapoAa. 
H Ha to ©1 aAMHHHCTpauie 6e;iHvpaACKe xoneMO CEopo bh- 

AeTH, KOH heMO ©TB^'H. HM'ETH." (Ha CTpaHD y HCTOM HHCMy 

CTOJn oa pyKe MHTponoJiHTOBe npnineAda : „4,Hec ecMO npn- 
mh./ih ©iTOBOpi) aAMEHHCTpanincKH , Aa ©hh AP«roa i iie He Mors 
^iuhhth Hero uecapcK» ganoBeA fflOApffiaBaTH*). 

,./l,a 3iiaMo h oBAe cedfe AP^ara h Ban Birae peqeHHH 
AeBer n«HK'rax n r re ©rroBope H3Aenme ©MacHTH. Cero pa ah 

He (OCTaBHXT, H BafflHM XpHCT0JlH)6iaM H6H3BeCTHTH C3 CHMI» 

nncanieMT , KiKoate h no cb»a& paBHO H3BecTH.in ecuto. Or 
OceKa 8 ©bom nyremecTBiro ceMO , h cBanrreHHM h bohhckhm 

H M'ECTHHM KOH3KAO BO CB06H CTpaHe Aa Ce HCKBCHeiillTfl CO- 

CTaneie , n .iejKA« cotfoio pa3»MH0 Aa ce AoroBopn're h npo- 
pacyAHie KanoBX mhc/il 3a to HMare. KaKo cmo caAa ©BAe 
» Be i i» a HaHBnme Toro paAH, aKo He6n HaM HHKaKoate 
AonBnneHia 6h./io ©nnrre-HapoAHOMH c 06 pa Hi 10 Ka- 
kobhm nocodieM h HaHHHOM 6hcmo ce ©6ApataBa.iH. 

H CBOH HapOAHH COB til HM'LlH. IIo i [TO MH flKOHie pe- 

x©m, HHKaKoate no cedi hhiito He MoateMO tbophth: hhth 
ce nao h h Tpomrcs to,ihkomh B^a^aTH , saHt h TaKo naM 
roBopHT ca , Aa mh cBe no ceoH nnHHMO . a He ca 3HaHieM 

HapOAHHM, H TO KaKO OA rOCHOACTBHIOIHTHX HCKHX TOBOpHT 

ca, TaKO h H3MeaiA» sac h^khx roBopaTi. 3aio KOHe i mo 
Apxroaqie He Moate 6hth , ho aKO HHKaKOKe He aohyctht ce 
HaM no nepBOMH ©dnnaio ©nmre Hap©AHH ca6opT> hm^th, 

Aa HOHe HCTpOHT Ca 6AHH HHH H./1H TH COBtfL HapOAHH , npH 
K06MH COBETH J\tl npHcOAeTT) ©T A.VXOBHHX Hem/IHKO Hep- 



KHiTimKii nor.iEA ha nponi.iocT ci ba y yrAPCKOJ 265 

COHR HCKHCHHX. COT BOHHCTBeHHHX TclKl^A© D OA KaMepaJlHHX. 

H no Bcer/ut TaKOBH er^a 6»AeMO nx npHSHBaym, aa npn- 
xoAa'ft k 1 Ham Ha cob'Ijt , 3a kosjkao aio6o a^ao n upKOBHoe 
h HapoAHoe; n a& (feAta 8 KoeroatAe l inHa cBOfi neiaTi 
ohhith , erAa ito norpedoBaTH 6vfl,eT r b , a<i TO i iie Tie newm 
uoaomkt ca, a« aie TO.MKO ne i iaia u MHTHe, Kauo h caMH 
rocnoACTBHioiUTii h tom saBiAaTT, h He AiodeTT) ; 11 h6ko;ihko 
KpaT-j> ec« Haib h^ke u roBOpn./iH. A MH'iHa CTBapi) ecrL 
HOBcerAa cotfpaTH TOABKia jiwah. a<^ neqare no^araiOT aa, n 
npoAO^ateHiio cBaKOM A'^« (taBaert. h bcjiiikh TponiaK, nomo 

HO CBaKOMH Ha i lHH8 HKOJKe H BHIHe pe i ie Ce , aKO KOHaHHO 

He 6n AonnniTeHia ca6pama uo upeatAHeaiH oodiiHaw ; to r ra- 

KOBHMT) o6pa30Ml> Ba^lfl A^ CiMHHHTIIptfeMO HBHt HpH ABOpt 

HecapcKOM^ , Ham me bothm h aiHeHie tomh fcCTT. cie, A& h 
nepBHio pHK8 6»A8T - 12—8 Aptfrn — 24 — h Tpehs 
36 nepcoHOB. 3a r ro h Bame xpncrojiiodie , ito Ha to pa:sc8- 
jKA'ie're OKO./in 3a Aodpo HaxoAH're , Aa Ha,M Ha nnciie no- 
HMe r re Bam pasaM , KaKO h cot wcia/inx npoBHHniax'b qeKaMO 
hmIith , Aa aioateio 3Ae npeA-ioMTH. A cot a^xobhhx Ha li- 
nage noAodaeT HaM HMt/rn cbog coB'tTHHKn 3a CBaKa npKOBHa 
cSAeiicKaii no npaBH^s a^ar n ncnpaB^eHia. H KaKO 3a ra- 

KOBHie yllOAH MHCflOTe CO nOMOIHTH H TpOUIKH HX , 6TAJT UHAHT'b 

npnxoAH^iH Ha cobt/i'T) , n HaxoAH're ./in Tano 3a Aotfpo ii.ih 
He , onmTci 'raKO fl,a HaM cboji MHema coTBopn're h Ha mime 
oBaMo 8 Be i i8 noraajieTe , h to hto h cKopeflmeM BpeMemi w 
coBepiuHTe h nonue're. 

2. (%ctt> yin c' BOjieio Bameio conniTeio t;AUHaro HapoA- 
Haro AentfTHpTa CBarAa HMaiii npn qecapcK0M8 ABopH, a 
HMeHSeMaro nane uanierco ceKpcrapa Jocmjia JaitttfpeEOBHqa, 
koh Beh e « cbhx uainnx napoAHnx nocvioimx iickhivu u U3- 
B'k'TeH ecT'i, (h./ih KoerAO HHoro xoKe're) n 3a EaKBH n.ialiH 
TaKOJKAe, n KaKOBHM ua'iiinuM 11 thtjIOM TaEOBaro xoKe're 
hm'I'.th, hjlh HapoAHero AenHTiip'ra koa ABOpa D^ecapcKaro, 
nyin nyieHnnoTeHH,icoiia.ia n.ui KaKO je KBapneHTi (n;ecapcKH 



266 bphthtoh nor.iEA ha jipohlioct cpba y yrArcuoj 

KOMecap Ha npBOM ca6opy y KpymeAo.iy) 6ra 3a npcreKTopa, 
KaKO .m xora-re're Aa HaM nncMe Aa're. H nam n ApyrnM 
rocnoAapoM 'ito ce AaiOTT> AHuiKpenie (iiooohh) hoa nmeHOM 
HapoAHHM 6wre m nojiaraTH, oko ah MHCJiffre. 

3. KaKOBi npoMHcafc HMa-re 3a 0Be ABe apxienncKonie 
HMenseMie (JedHrpaACKa n Kap^OBaiKa, eAHHy.m HaA-ieaarr 
HMeHOBaTH apxienncKoniio n MirrpoiiOJiiK) (5e^nrpaACK8io , kohi 
e eniTe n 3a Hamero cpdcKaro KpaaeBCTBa , n naqapcieoro a 
h 3a Tspcme ApxaBu (me. TaKoatAe sse n necapcKO bqae- 
necrBO ecy KOHt{)npiranpa.an n noTBpAHJiH. War Aa ce n Kap- 
jioBa^Ka HMeH«e. Ha to Aoope Aa npoMnc/iHTe , ektoto ano 
(>hcmo ©daABe apxnenncKonie -SBajin n HMeBOBa^H, ecTt mh- 
cihth , Aa Moaie naiffl no Hamoii CMecrn pasAeMTfl ca n £>hth 
ABa apxnenncKona. H Ha to cboio ^bcth mhc/lt> na nncMe no 

HHHHTH KaKO HAeTt A& HaM HOJlOatHTe. 

4. 3a Ham npeamn hst 6e x iKH, TaKOBA© h caAaimtn a 
naK h « HanpeAaK KaAt 68AeTT> noTpeda « Beqi nohn, ca- 

H3BOMTe Aft HaM HOMaraTH TpOHIKOM EAE He Aa 3HaMO. 

5. 3a hobo no^iaTOK) Hams Ba Be^nrpaAe pesHAefliuio 
to ecTT. : apxnenHCKoncKH n mhtpoikwihtckh npe6nBaTe./iHn aom 
e hpkobT) HMT.H»eM8K» apxienncKoniio n MHTponojiiio cpdcKaro 
Hamero npaBOcaaBHaro 3aKOHa noA BAacTiro necapcoro Bean- 
qacTBa. Ilpn Koen apxienHCKonin h MHTponojin smhcahah cmo 
mKOAH h ceMHHapiro (to ecTi. s^eHHKOBT) npednBaTe/moe cboh- 
ctbo h Ha hhxt> naiAHBeme) nocTpoin 3a HasqeHie KHH3IHOe r 
h neTia n,pKOBHaa. H TaKoa&Ae JKe h KOHcecTopnHM (to ecTt 

A«XOBHOe CTpOHTeJlCTBO( 6CTT> AE BaMT> STOAHO H HOBO.I.HO HilH 

HecTi; h xomie ae BaM «roAHo 6hth noMom r recTBOBaTH. 
„3a TaKOBia B'knrra h a^omtb h TpomKOMT> h KaKOBHMt 

Ha^HHOM'L H HO K0.1HKO 6SA6Te HOMOfflTeCTBOBaJlH EAR He 6»- 

AeTe , Aa 3Hano , Ha Bca cia no paA» Aa HaM cbos BOTHMe h 
mhc/ih paacsaiAeHie Ha nncMe » CKopo noni-ieie. 

/l,aTO 1729. h Eta Mecena HoeMBpia 15 AaHT.. 

(M. II). Moiicen IleTpoBHq'b c. p. 



Kl'lITIIIKH nor.lEA HA nPOIU.'lOCT CPBA Y JTAPCKOJ 267 

H3 oBora Bajraora nncsia bhahmo , npBO , Aa aycrpiijcKa 
h na^apcEa KaHii,e^apnja neiie Aa A03BO;ie AP^atte Haraer 
oninrer HapoAHor catiopa , is. Aa ce Ao6pn MHTponoanT oa mho- 
ror BpeMeHa cbojckh 3ay3HMao sa catfop. OBa 6op6a Mnipono- 
jiHTa ca ApataBHHM BJiacrHMa jacHO noKa3yje HeMoh eaMora np- 
KBeHor norviaBapa, n OHAa, KaA ce oh nonrreHO h cbojckh 
3ay3HMao 3a HapoAHa npaBa. KaA bhahmo OBaKBy y3a.iyAHy 
6op6y cpncKHX MHTpono-airra , y y OBaKOi TpeHyn,HMa MopaMO 
ce h HexoTHD,e celiaTH ohhx 3Ha<iajHHx a no nac npeBeh ko6- 
hhx pe*ffl MHHHCTpa BapTeHBiTaJHa : „Es ist sehr gat gewe- 
sen, dass es hernach vom obigen Anerbieten (einen Woy- 
woden zu erwahlen) abgekommen ist. — ■ ■ — — Hier 
zu hat nach allem Yermuthen der erste heriibergetretene 
Metropolit Arsenius Csernovich nicht wenig in der Absicht 
mit beigetragen, urn das Verdienst der erfolgten Heruhev- 
trettung sich allein zuzueignen, und keinen Weltlichen an 
der Seite zu haben, der sein Anselien verringern konnte. 
Bern Hof Avar, alles wold erwogen. dainit sicher nicht we- 
niger als den Metropoliten gedient, da niann die sen durch 
alleinige Sperrung der Temporalien weit lei c liter, als 
einen kriegsverstandigen und eine zahlreiche Mann- 
schaft conimandirenden General, leiten und im Zaunie 
halt en kann. 

npBamif>e HeAe^io na'rpnjapxa ApceHa III hhoa Hey Heme 
HcnpaBHTH no3HHJn MHTponxwiHTH. He cyMitaMO , Aa ce no H6KH 
MH-rpono^HT, tfopetiH ce y3a^yAHO, Aa oa 6e*iKor ABopa hs- 
HyAH, iino 6\i HapoAy imh HaJ3aA n iBeaiy caaoM oa Kopn- 
cth 6iiAO , oceTHo Heaioh CBora aia^iocHor no.ioniaja . kojh je 
CTBopnyia cedsraBOCT naTpnjapxa ApceHa III. 

KoyiHKO je OBa Heaioh cue'ra^a nerrnTOM MirrponojiHTy Moj- 
cnjy, kojh je BovtaH 6w, Aa 6paHH HapoAHa npana 11 ,\a 
6y&e KopncraH cBome cpncKOM HapoAy. A Aa je JKe.i>e n r re- 
jKii.e OBora MHTponojinia iioAnoaiarao HeKH aschot ii.ih boj- 
BOAa, kojh 6h Morao cBOJy ataatfy n 3axT6Be noAynpeAHTB 



268 Ki'iiTiiiKii noTAEA, ha npom-iOCT ci'iu y yrAPCKOJ 

h ca ^mshikhm apryneHTHMa , ca bojhom cHarow cpncEor Ha- 
poAa, uito he pekn ca BHme oa 100.000 6ajoHera, jaMa*rao 
6n TaKBa cHajKHO noAKpen^eHa peg MH^ocTHBHje noc.iymaHa 
n oAodpeHa 6em. 

HaTpHJapx ApceH III ciomho je AymeBHH noAei cpncKor 
HapoAa , kojhm 6w no cbojoj bp-ihhh HapoA yMeo cedn nonrro- 
Baita h AOCTOJHor Mecia Hakn y ApymTBy ocra-inx HapoAa. Ako 
HHJe caomho , oho je (Jap Ha cBasn HaraH Ha MHora BpeneHa 
napa^ncao nojiei HapoAy, a cBojHMa Hac.teAHHn.Hiia ory3eo moL 
Aa HHHe Ao6pa cBoie HapoAy 3aEOHHTHM nyTeM. Jep Ha asa- 

JIOCT H Ha 3aKOHHTOM HyTH pemaBa HOMaBHTO <J)H3H1Ha MOh, 

Koja CH.10M npHHy^aBa B^a^y Ha nonrroBaiLe n HajcBeTHJnx 
qoBe^aHCKHX npaBa. 

Ho TOMe 3a cpncEH HapoA, nocae yEHHyta cBeTOBHa no- 
miBapcTBa, nomxo He Morame CBoja 3aEOHHTa h yjemqeHa 
npaBa 3aEOHHinM nyTeM ocTBapn™, Hnje Be/iHMO, ocTajio Apy- 
ror HaqnHa, Beh Aa ce cam co6om h ch^om cBora opyatja 
H3Byqe ns HenpnpoAHor nojiHTnyEor n decnpaBHor noaoffiaja, 
m Aa Ma n He3aEOHHTHM nyTeM npnnyAH CBora hobot 
rocnoAapa, Aa ocTBapn OHa npaBa HapoA^a, Eoja cy 
aeroBH npeAnn tom HapoAy cpncEOM B^iaAajiaqEOM 3aEJieT- 
bom yjeM^a^n jeAHHH Morynn nn^nTn^HH no^ioaiaj y 
ApataBH. 

Ha aouocT bhahmo , rAe Apyrn He Maae cednqHH MHTpo- 
no^HT BnheHTnje y mecro, Aa noMorHe dpaHnona cpncEnx 
npaBa BeMKora poAO-tyda EaneTaHa Ilepy CereAHHoa, Aa 
cBoje npoTHBHHEe chjiom opyaja npnHyAH Ha nomTOBafte Ha- 
poAHHX npaBa , oh caM HecpehHH nooaBap npEBe noMaate He- 
npHJaTe-ie npoTHBy CBora poKeHor HapoAa , n ca 3HaMen>eM 
EpcTa OABpaKa nodoamn aapoA n OTyi)yje ra oa HeyMp./ior 
dpaHnona HapoAHHx npaBa. 

H3 OBora , nrro peEOCMO , yiacHO je yBHAe'rn , 3a raro ce 

MOpaO T ieCTHTH MHTpOHOJlHT MojCHJe 6opHTH npOTHBV OHe abo- 

r-^aBe HeMa^EO-MaljapcEe raAne xnApe, Aa hshvah mo./i6om, a 



KPIITU1KH nor.lEA HA III'OIIUOCT CPBA Y yrAPCKOJ 269 

nor./iaBDTO HOBneM , kojh My paAO A&Bame HapoA , caMO Aa ce 
OAotfpn Apsaite HapoAHor catfopa. 

MnTponoMT ca HapoAOM Mopao je Mo.iHTn n mhthth OHy 
ue^iKy oxo^y rocnoAy, Aa ohh mh^octhbo A03B0^ie napo^y npaBO 
jaBHor cacraHKa h AoroBopa. A KaA je Tpetfaao KpBnj npo- 
jieBaTH y odpaHH Bepo-aoimor BaaAapa npoiHBy yHyrapHii h 
chojihh HenpBJaie.La , Cp6e Hnje Tpedajio mojihth hh ohomh- 
itaTH Ha itnxoBy AyatHOCT npeMa AP^aBn h B.iaAaon,y. 

Ho H3 OBora ncTor nncMa bhahmo h Apyrn y3poK mio He 
AonymTajy 6e x iKa rocnoAa 3ajeABHiKH ca(5op cbom HapoAy 
cpncKOM, kojh TaAa crajarae hoa KecapoM Kap.ioM VI. 

MnTponoMT Mojcnje jacHO osyje yspoK , y pe*roMa , Aa 
My je BHpTeH^epniKH xepn,er bojckoboI? napcKH , h necapcua 
deorpaACKa aAMHHHCTpanHJa H3JaBHJiH , Aa 6n B.*iaAa iteroBor 
anocTO-MiMKor Ba/mqacTBa paAO A03BO/in^a ca6op sla oABOJeHO 
Cp6nMa c oHe cipane CaBe h /IjHaBa 3a ce6e a oBHMa Cp- 
dnMa c OBe CTpaHe oner Apyrn sacefan catfop. H3 OBora je 
h MHiponoMT Mojcnje yBHAeo h npoivieAao BjiaAHHy aaMepy, 
Aa xohe cpncKH HapoA Aa non,ena n pasABOJn, na ca cbhm 
yMecHO Bean: „mh caMn no cedi eAHH cepBHCEn Ha- 
p©A HeMoateaio ihhhth, hhth ©TroBapa'rn ce 6e3 
Odajiora cBera HapoAa, koh ce jkhbhmo hoa eAHHM 
MH^ocTHBefime n3A&THM Harness cBeM8 Hap©A« pac- 
EjiaHCKOMB npiiBH^ieriaMH. — — — — - — A Aa 
(Jhcmo ce 6uar Ba vso tqvj\h u^hwaum h no ce6e ito oito- 
BOpnM, to 6h ere cbhx Hac n oHAenmn cepBncKn 11a- 
p©A BHHOBHe toms cKa3a.o 6 jit a. Hero naitn — 

MOJHMO Cfl npeC/MBHOMW AB0p8 necapCKOMH 3a MUylOCTUBefillie 

AonHinreHie ©nui're napoAHora CBera cotfpaHia, oko 
cmo h ao c/ie o6nqa0 hm^jih. H TcIKo cbux online, Aa 
ce ©TroBapaiio, a He c Bait a npoBiiHuia no ce6t. 

Hocie MHoror nncKapaii.a oa jeAHe 11 oa Apyre CTpaHe, 
nomTO je HeyMopnii MirrpontwiHT cbj'a no BapoAy <><'»n.ia:uio 
HapoAHHM noc/ioBima AoroBapao ce 11 EapoA odaBeniTaBao. 



270 ki'Htiiikii nor.iKA HA iirow.iocT ci'iiA y yrAPCKOJ 

Kao niTO bgae: „naKH 8 n8T8 68A8hM no npB0M8 ecaio ce ©t- 
roBapaAH , Aa hhito HeheMo HeMoateaio hhhhth 6e3 wcra^ora 

BapOAa." — — „A H ec ecMO hpiimilim ©r- 

roBopi a4MHHnc/rpaij,incKH , Aa ©hh Aptfrojniie HeMor« mrairrn, 
Hero uapcK8 3anoBeA ©tiApxaBaTH. u 

„J\,a, 3HaM0 h OB/i,e cedi ApxaTH h Ban bhibo pe*ieHe ab- 
bot nHHKTax h r re oAroBope H3A(e)mHe ©MacHTH. Cero paAH 
HeocraBHx n BauiHM xpHCTOM)()iaM HeM3BecTHTH ca cum hh- 
caHieMi . uiKoate n no cB8Aa paBHo h3bocthjih ecrco. Ot OceKa 
8 ©boh nsTemecfBiio ceaio, h cBainreHHM h bohhckhm h m4- 

CTHHM , K0H3KA0 BO CBOeB CTpaHe, && Ce HCK8CHeHHIH cocraHeTe 

h MejKA« codoio pa3«MH0 Aa ce AoroBoprre h nopac8AHTe 
KaK0B8 mhcab 3aT0 HMaie. Kaito cmo ca^a ©BAe 8 Be*J8 a 
HaiTBHme Toro paAH , aKO He 6h HaM HHOKOiKe AonaniTema 
6h./io onurre HapoAHOM8 cadpamio, KaKOBHM nocodieMb h 
HaqHHOM (>hcmo ce ©6AP^aBajin, h cboh" HapoAHH co- 

B^TT) HM^JIH. 

H3 OBHX peMII MHTpOHO^lHTOBHX BH/1.HM0 , K0./1HKH je OA" 

nopi Haiuao 8 Bew koa „rocnoACTB8iomTHx." Bhahmo a a h 

CaM MHTpOHOJlHT OCeha CBOJy HeMOh Aa HO CBOJO] OATOBOpHO- 

cth pemH OBaKo BaatHH npeAMei , hhth Bejin „H02EeM0 ce 8 
TpomK8 T0.in.flHK0M8 BJiaAaTH." Join Bejin; nperoBapaie HaM 
„Aa mh cBe no cedn tihhhmo, a He ca 3HameM HapoAHHM." 
3aT0 Be^n Aa&e , oAroBopnie Ha CBe , hito Bac HHTaM Ha 
CBe Ta^Ke , Koje caM y cbom nncMy HajiosKHO. 

ByAHMU,H cy 3ac/iyM,iH noBepeae cBor u,pKBeHor noivia- 
Bapa , ohh cy oa HajcrapHJHX BpeMeHa 6ah^ih HaA npaBaMa 
HapoAHHM . n KaA je 'rpetfajio h koa caMor ABopa eHepnumo 
3acTyna;iH, HeraTeAehn hh TpyAa hh HOB^aHnx jEpiaBa. 

A Aa hh je norpenrao caBecHH mhtpohojiht , hito je no- 
HCKao caBeia oa HapoAa , Hajdo^e ce Moate yBepnTH H3 oa- 
roBopa dyAHMCKHX Cp6a. 

Ha HH r raH>e mhtpohojihtobo OAroBapajy Bvahmhh y cbom 
hhcmt oa 3. /l,en,eM6pa 1729. toa- OBaKo: 



kphthhkh nor.iEA ha npom.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 271 

IlBHKTa H B0T83I. 

v npeocBeniTeHeflniH rocnoAHHe. . . . 

„KaKO pa38i«e./iH ecio <or npnc^ara o.iaroc.ioBeHaro nnca- 
Hia , mo He Aon«niTaK)Ti g>t kicho c/iaBHaro ABopa necapcKaro 
Hamt oumie HapoAHoarB coopaHmo 6htb , KaKO n ao cae ecie 
6eao ; ho CBaKa npoBHHnia no cede AoroBopa ^ehh. Ha kos 
Bame npecocB. rocn. ecre ce OAroBapajin, h tojihko KpaTx koat> 
nee. h Kpa.n. ABopa Aa h moaeae, eae £>n ho npBOMi. ©craMo 
(OQuiTH HapoAHH catfopt h cHrviacie , KaKO h ao cae ecie on.iu. 

1. Ha Koe naK rocn. npeocBenrreHH nnnieT Hant: aKO 
Ap8roa<rie He Moate 6hth , n HaM oa acho caaBHaro ABOpe 
(onmxe HapoAHH catfop He aohhcthth ce 6«AeTi>. Toko wa- 
chtT) rocn. npeocB. Aa npeA-ioaieHH HaMnc/TL n bot8mt> cboS 
Hami. npecn^aeT r L , Aa 68A8tt> y gahs p8K8 1 2 H3aupann 
nepcoHOBi) n rocnoAapa , a 8 AP»r« 24 nepcoHe , a a ipe- 
neM 36 nepcoHa. /l,a he r re nonein cojumHTaTH , 8 ihcho caaB- 
hom8 ABopa , a nomTi) HHCTe none^in AOHAe , Aooe , coa pa3- 
cjiaHH nncaHna Ha KoeatAO npoBHHuiio G>AroBop He npnaiHTe, 
He ne're HnniTa iioihhhth. 

2. Ha Koe rocn. npeocB. KaA iomTT> HHe noneo co.mnn- 
Ta'rn 8 nec. Kp. ABopi , Taito n HenoiHHHTe Modulo , Hero co- 

JlHHHTaTH H npOCHTH HO HpBOMt , 8 ero aCHO C.iaBHOM'L ABop8, 

aKO rocn. npeocB. nacinsio pe i iT> y necapcKn abop'b , h CsAesio 
ce npocn^H, Moate 6hth, Aa keaio mhjiocti. 8 acHOCTH 
Ao6hth. Ha OHa 3 n»HKTa, a./in nor8()nTii xohejio Haii- 
nor^aBHin h Haii£)0./iH hbhkt'l ii3 npeBe./iet)ne, ease 
HCKopeHHTH (onm-re HapoAHH; a MecTO HapOAHaro 
catiopa npoBnnnnajiHH yBecin h saKJiio^HTii 8 upeBe- 
jiel)Hii 36 nepcoHa, h na (Dim 36 nepcoHa caB (ohuith HapoAt, 
koh ce ©dpe'raeTi. hoa^ ero uec. h Kp. BJiacTB ii flpaaBH, 
to ce HaMt (bhah) BejiiiKH n8HKTi 'reiiiKii uirni. 3aTO rocn. 
npeocB. Aa npeA-ioatn. 

3. 3a paA r i> »Be ABe apxneiiiicK8niie de.iiirpaAcKne n 
iwpjioBaiiKMe , Aa Aoopo uoaiOTpeno 08AeM0 ce AoroBopu.in n 



272 KlIITll'IKIl U0IY1KA HA DPOIIMOCT CTIiA V JTAI'CKO.I 

pa3cyAH^a , 'ito ao nocaeTKa He 6iu ce pa3Ae.aH.aH , u He6n 
6uaxl ARa apxHeiiHCK«na h ABa apxHenHCKsnaia. 

3a to npeocB: rocn. oko npeAno^HBiiiH Hauin apxne- 
hhckbbh ii Minpono^HTH ecs HMajin tht«^x apxHenncKHna^CKM 

H MHTpollo.lUTCKfl, KOt: H IjecapCKe HpHBH^eliHe H0;iB./lI0IOTT> Aa 

HapoA» nociaBHT ce gahh bpxobh© apxHenflCK»n kahht. 
Aa 6afl,en oa CBeTO no^HBinera rocnoAHHa ApceBiia ^apHO- 
eBHha . hotom Taicoa&Ae cBeio ho i ihbidh rocn. HcauB /^hhkobhK, 
h Taso ©a npeaiAHii ripeAHecopoBi j\o Baraero apeocB. ro- 
cnoACTBa ntm trvhai, apxnenHCKBHCKH ecie 6n./rL, TaKO h ao 
cae ecre 6n.ao nopeAt npeBe-aehna , h KaKo h catfopoM erre 
npeTHTH^aTO BHme bhc. IIpeocB. 

4. PaAH TponiKOBa 6eqKH npeAnponun h caAaHH koh ce 
caA r iBHe pa3yMe^H ecMO rocn. npeocB. 3aio KaA 6«Ae ©n- 
niTe HapoAHH ca6op r i>, auo rocuoAt BorT> AapseTt HaMT> 8 
■hcho ciaBHOM n;eceapcKOM ABops Aa 6hcmo noMH/iOBaHH 6hjih, 
h nast ca6opT> 6h 6n.a'L ©nnrre HapoAHH, xaKO ito 6xj\,e 
ce HapoAT> Aparn OAroBapajii> , TaKO h mh OHAa xofeeMo cae- 
Ahth npoTHB Haci. h npoTHBt 8cpAHa Hamero , a aohab He 
MoateMO no cede HnniTa HqnHHTH, AOftae ©nnrre HapoAHH ca- 
^op-j. He 6»Ae. 

5. rocn. npeocB. hobo noqei'ora A^opa h pesnAeHnne Ba 
Be^inrpaAe , mo no*ie.aH ecre . to 6e Be.aHKO HapoAHO ©mare 
Aotfpo noqejio ce paAt CBera , KaKO noaBH.an , n to oa Hac 
©CTa.aa ce Ha caoopa . KaA 6tfAe ©mme HapoAHH cadopi, 

KaKO OHH 68A8 8MHHH.AH ©cra^H . TaKO H MH HKOJKe upeA- 
peKOCMO. 

6. HIto HHHieTe paAi> eAHaro ©nnrre HapoAHaro AenH- 
THpTa npn uecapcKOM A»op« HiaTH , h tom» ecTe npeA.ao3KH.an 
rocnoABHa ceKpe'rapa I©cH(|m IaMdpeKOBHha , Aa ©hi. Bpe- 
AaHi. 6rat> 6hth HapoABH AenBTnpTT. , h to oai> same crpaHe 
©cTaM ce ao onniTe HapoAHaro carjiacna , hm KaKO AP^rs 

BHHIH HapOAt 6«A6 CaMaCHH H BTOHH©, TaKO H MH He XO- 

heMo KBapnTH , Hero xoheMO 3aeAH0 xoahth. 



KPIITIIHKU nOIVlEA HA ni'OIU.lOCT Cl'BA J" STAPCKOJ 273 

Hjicmo MHTpono^HTa Mojcnja ynpaB.teHO peqeHOM HapoA- 
hom canopy iviacH obcIko : 

„Mfi)HceH m. 6. npaBotviaBHH apxnenncKonx n Mnrpono- 
Anvb (JejirpaACKiH h t. a- 

„IIjieMeHHTO h nomeHOpoAHH rocnoAapn BaponiKu uiipoBn, 

&)UpKHe30BH , KHe30BH , OIUKHTM H KMeTOBH , II (OmUII IipaBO- 

CflaBHB" xpncTiaHH. — — — 

,.Kuko ere (fmepa a reHepavmoM HapoAHOH catiops ©6- 
uithx npociMH h 3aKTeBajH, hu 3HaiaeHaTe/iHia hhhktu ii.iii 
CTaTin . bo BemTeil , ito ce aoctohti. 3a (onnire HapoAHoe 
Ao6po n 3a BaBeAeHie Aodparo peAa oko H3T> npeAaora cia 
nsHKTax npiaoateHiix oo BaceMt 6oAim pa38Mecre, Aa ohcmo 
(Maro n^eaieHHTO h no i neHO poAiaait BamHjn> nucMOHO npeA- 
aowmaii Ha ©dniTH no Meai.A« co6hh Bamt AoroBop'L , CUaro- 
pa3C8jBAeHie u npoioTpeHie. HoHeaie h mh bo cB-areM A»ce 
^w6a3HH chhb Hauiiix npoffleHie Hai npeA-^oaieHO Hn Ba MaH- 
iuhmi. KaKo BauiHMt cHHo^eniaM , TaKO MacTHOMi) oep» n 

CBe'MOMT) HapOA« ©TBpaTHTH He XOTeBfflH , {Mie A03BOJIHTH, 

u nncMeHO o6/1Bhth AOcroa^H cmo ce. 

„Cer© paAH n.ieMeHHTo n no i rreHOpoAiaM'i. bjiiiiiiml bchm 
coourre Ha bahho khhhh AoroBOpt, u <5.aaropa3c8HiAeHie h 
HpOMorpeHie cia npeA^oatHCMO bm , Aa ho mqmw codoro i:nn- 
hhmT) coMaciei'L npOBHAH're 6jiaropa3C8AHTe , h npoMOTpme. 
ito roA r i< 3a ©Oiirre HapoAHoe Aoopo h Aouap'i. peA'B, CBaKH 
HaupeAaK 6h h nocTHiiain. 6eau. 

„Cbpxh xora Bam eAHHO MHca./iHH bothm'l, oko 3a Aotfpo 
no3Haie h 3a 6o^iue pascaAH're h upoMOTpure , cia nucMene 
nam Aa npeA^oatHie . , 3a Aa.ims AeoapanJH odiinmo u »TBep- 
atAeHie Hauie, oko 6xA,erb ce Aaxu caTBopHTH. 

„A aH0 H reHepayiHOM'L KOHrpecn napoAHOMH Be.unpaAH 
14. Maa 1730. Moaficen UeTpoBirai. c. p." 

Kao nrro peEOCMO, catfop je y niae HapoAa 3-er Jyna y 
Apyioj ceAHHiwr noAHeo tiecapcKOM KoMecapy Mo.iueinmy 11a 
becapa Kojy oBAe cao(5mTaBaM. OBa McideHiina ctojh y cBesn 

rjUOHHK XXXVIII. I 8 



274 KIHTH4KH JIOIYIEA Ha IIF011I.10CT CPBA y JIAPCKOJ 

ca ropitMM hhcmom mhtpobomtobhutl b AOTB^e hecapeB pe- 
CKpnnT oji, 12. Anpajia 1727. 

.,IIpeiioKopHeinne h MH^ocTHBHeiline Mo.ieHHe o6iirrer Ha- 
po^a Haraer Ka iipecBe'MenineMS rocnoAapH uapH h Kpajiw 
HameMH h <-;ro aBrscTHefinieMH ABopH. 

„3a MH^iocTHBHoe AonsniTeHHe tjOHepa./icKoe n omuie aa- 
poABaro ca6opa no AOcaAanmeMH otfu'iaio 3aKOEa Hamera , Ha 
Koe npecBeivioe necapo-Kpa^eBCTBO ec» aou8cth./ie , h Ha Hac 
haoctoh^h ce mh^octhbho oxaqacKB flpH3pexB h pe^eHoe 06- 
niTe HapoAHH cadop'L auhhcth^h ApiKaTn, h TepMHHi noAO- 
ataHH » ceM r t rpeAHHiTeMi. MeceuH Ba Be^inrpaAH. 

.,KaKO HaMi H3BemTeH0 eae (3a Koe caA mhx ho noBe- 
JieHHio cbh oGiiito iecMO caBaKBBB./iB ce cBaKH oa cBoera ab- 
niTpHKTa oa HapoAa noc-iaiH H./ieHHBOTeHij,ioHa./in t-Boero (J)0- 
THia OBAe c./iaBHOM» ca6ops BpeHOTB m npeA^ioffiHTH ohomi, 
hito ce Hai 6»Ae 3anoBt j Aa.ao) , a Haftnaie aKO (m niTO 6b.io 
HpRBaMi) h 3aK0H8 BameM^ AocaABTe./iEO caA oa to^bkex 
npom./iH BpeMeHa e roAHHa (noraro KaKO cmo BoroM h npe- 
CBeT.aoM MH./10CTHK) n,ecapo Kp : pHMCKaro Be^iHKaro HenodeAH- 
Meflraaro HMnepaxopa h F.ro Be.'iH^acTBa CBeTO EOMeEHTe na- 
MeiH ^leono^Aa) 3BaHia h saxieBama ca ko^hko ero BejureacTBa 
AeKpeiH , Aa 6ecmo KaKO mome B3EHE hoa BjiacTBH) ero pHK«, 
Koe mh He B036paHBjiH ce ecMo hb Ba qeMi> ho ho 3anoBeAH 
CBeTO no i iHBraero naTpaapxa ApceHM ^pBoeBBha aapoAt HanrL 
iecTi paopo ca ateHaM h qa^n cbob , oa npooeTB ArapaHOBi. 
OA6er./iH, b Ka BBme cnoMeHSTOMi> necapo-Kpa.i. Be.iHqacTB» 
Ha o6etaH8 napo^8 npa6erjiH, (Koie ecn» ohjio mbjioctI) b 
boah iero BeBooeABMefimaro, Aa bct AapOBa./ii> o6bitom BapoAH 
rpnaBCK0M8 3aKOB» npeBe./iel)ER) , b Ba boh iecTi> Ba cexi> 
B3o6paateBo , Ba i ibmi> 8 tbhibhb MoateMo ce jkbbbtb , Koe Be- 
.ibko 6iiaroAapBMO ero BeM l iacTB8) 3a Koe h mb 3aKOEi> npa- 
BocaaBBB ecMO c' aoctoebomi> cede BepaocTBio E0O3a./iE ce 
Ba BpeMe paia, apBe 6btkc ca Thpkob'l, b omie roABBe b 
.leia. IIoc.ae BaK Ba EeBepEK) tfarapE b MaqapcKe pe6epBe 



KI'IITH^KU HOr.lEA HA HP0I1J.10CT CPbA y yrAPCKOJ 2 75 

agt 7, MyiorH Hainn poAHTeM 6parna H3rnHH./iH h kpbi cboio 
npo^H.in. 

„TaKoatAe h ca^T) Ba HafinocaeAfoein pare (roA- 1716. ao 
1718) ca TapKOBt Ha BepHOCTH h noMOhn 6eae ecaio, hh- 
Kor^a c' HeBepneM^ He odperocMO ce, KaKO ce nnan oueha- 

BaMO flCHOCTH U,ecapCKOH CBaKOH AOCTOilHOii BepHOCTH hh Ba 

chx o6ihto ao on.te KpBH Harae. A i ieco pa#n TaROBa Bep- 
hoctT) ojvb Haci. noKasaerL ce (to He ecrt BepeurTT, Haraa, 
hito 6hcmo ce 6paHH.iH casio 3a sevum hjih rpa-AOBe hah ceJia 
h nscTape), BeKe to 6Ctt> h 3a Bepa Hams h 3aKOHt n np- 
KBe Harae, iuto 6hcmo h Mnpa 6hah 3aKOHOM n upKBain* Ha- 
raHMT) - , a Han naqe no otfenrraHHe ero BeAHHacTBna H3AaTH 
HpeBe^ieljHa hh Bnrae hh Maae. A KaKO caAe bhah ce . to e 
qyABTH ce , Aa ce Haaii. HOBHHe ') homhhio , a Koe HnuaA'L 
npecTaTH ce Hetie KOHaMHO. H to h onrre mhcahmo e-AHaKO, 
Aa HHe OBan no i ieTaKT> oa ero Be./in i iacTBa numepaTopa . ho oa 
Aparn HHBOpMaTopa (Ma^apa). 

3aro caAe h ao hoc/i*' Bacer^a npenoHH3He n npeno- 
Kopne npocHMo mojihmo BacnxT> o6nrro saitOHa rp^aHCKora 
npaBocjiaBHH xpncTHimn MaAH BeAHKH Ba Kane. Aa n 10 na- 
npeAt a thidhhh 6haomo h^hbhth. 

Kao ihto ce bhah 03 06a nncMa, o()e KaHue^apnje He- 
MaHKa n Mat^apcKa n ABOpcKH bojhh caBex no ohom jora 1722 
roA- yroBopeHOM umey paAnrae Ha TOMe , Aa cpncKH HapoA 
hoahthmkh nonenajy, pasABajyhn ra h orpaHHiaBajyta ra y 
rpaHHuaMa ohhx npoBHHnnja , y KojnMa je TaAa miBeo. 



') PecKpunr oa 12. Anpiua 1727. y KOMe hccapeBa B.nua iqmBo 
TyManii HapoAiie iipiiBir.iefyiije: 11 iuto cy Ma^apcse B.iacrii 11a- 
ueTAu AaHaK 11a upkbcmickc h cBeiiiTewmKe 3eM.&e, h iuto je 
Yrapcita icaHuciapiija iiapomiTO miTpiinipa.ia, Aa ce joahuctbo 
cpncKc upitBe pasopn, ca vboIjchjCm 2 apxajeoHCsynaTa, h iuto 
je ncra Kaime^iapnja HajatHB^e Haciajia, Aa ce CptfHMa hcao- 
".lio.iii on in rn HapoAHH caGop, ho Aa CBaEa QpoBHHaeja :ui ce6e 
Apatn iiapuiija.inr caGope (hiiau HCTH r.iacmiK CTp. 255 



276 Ki'imi'iKii nor.iEA Hi n ruin.ioc'T cpea y yi'APCKOJ 

y obom npaBuy noiviaBHTo cy paAn*in MafyapcKn CBeTOBHB 
n upKBeHH BeyiHKaiiiH. IIoniTO micy ycne^H , Aa Kecap Ha npe- 
qau yHHmTH cpncKe npHBH^el>HJe , a ohh cy ctbophab HOBy 
raK/riiKy. IIo HjMXObom npe/yiory B^a^a je TyMaiaaa, n npeso 
tfeorpaACKe aAMHHBC'rpaHHJe caoninTiua je n MHTponoMTy Moj- 
cn^y cboj hobh noryieA , no some je y hecapeBoj ApataBH 6rao 
npHBH^erncaHHX h HenpHBH./ierncaHHx Cp6a. Y one noc/ieA^e 
6poja./m cy OHe Cp6e, kojh cy nosapeBa<iKHM yroBOpOM 40- 
m.iH boa AycTpnjy. Ho na tom HHcy ce 3aycraBH.iH , Beti cy 
h Aa.i>e repawn ncairryKy itenaaa He caio y no^HTHqKOM ho 
h y Bepo3aKOHCKOM npaBny. Mafyapcaa rocnoAa paAMa cy Ha 
Tone, Aa cTBope ABa cpncKa apxHJenncKynaTa , Kap^oBanKH 
n 6eorpaACKH , y toj o x jhtoj ne^n , Aa MorytiHOCT h Beposa- 
KOHCKor jeAHHCTBa o6ycTaBe , (Sojehn ce , Aa OTYAa noHHKHe 
h hojIhthiiho jeAHHeH.« cpncKor HapoAa. 

Ho je n to ia./io 6u.no MafyapcKOJ tochoah, ohh cy jom 
h Ha TOMe paAH./in. Aa orpaHHie Cp6e npoBHHHnja./iHHM ycTa- 
HOBaMa. y toj u;e^H H3paAHrae koa tecapeBa ABopa uupmjio- 
crHBHJy A03BOJiy, Aa Cptfn Mory AP^aTfl caaio npoBHHHHJa.iHe 
HpKBOHe cadope, a ohh :sa h»hx onacHH oniHTe-HapoAHH cpn- 
ckh cadopn, A^ ce KOHaqHO yKHHy. 

/^a 6h naK oBaj cboj uoa^h n.iaH ocrBapHjin , to cy uia- 
fyapcKa rocnoAa koa ABopa HenpecraHO HHTpnrflpa.in , Aa ce 
He ao3bojh Apsrcafte onniTer aapoAHor cadopa. Bnrae ho Tpn 
roAHHe MaHi'BpHpaxy Ma^apcKa rocnoAa , HaAajyJiH ce , Aa ne 
crapor MHTpono^Hra chjihhm ciLieTKajia HaJ3aA yiopnTH. A 
join ce h TOMe HaAa^n , Aa he y TOKy OBe doptfe oBaj ciapa 
MH'rponojiHT yMpeTH , na he h>hxob .Bydnian, BJiaAHKa BnheH- 

THJe yHHHHTH BOJ1HO , HITO OBaj TBpAOrMBH MHTpOIKMHT He- 
XTe yiHHHTH 

H oAHCTa bhahmo , Tj\e MHTpono^HT MojcHJe HenpecraHO 
caBe r ryjyhH ce HapoAOM , b^ah hh 3a A^aay He nonynrra , Ben 
hm ce 0A3HBa ca .iaKOHH i mnM H3pa30M: „caM (o ce6 r B He bt>mh 
i ito tbophth 6e3 caiviacia onniTe HapoAHaro." 



KPIITII1KII H0IV1EA HA UPOUI.IOCT CPEA y JTAPCKOJ 27 7 

H y caiOM xpeHyxKy KpaTKor KOJie6aiLa , nnxa Mnxpono- 
jiht HapoA , aKO ce He6n momo ApyKqnje xokexe m npnMnxn 
npoBHHD,njajiHe ca6ope? Ha Taj npeA-flcr OAroBapa My HapoA 
eHeprnuHO n CBecHo: aKO npnMHMO OHa 3 nyHKxa o npo- 
BHHiinjajiHHM cadopnMa, n aKO 61 y tom cMncyi.y , ; ny- 
cth^m pei y ijecapcKH ABop" h 6yAeM0 ce 3a to npo- 
chjih, MO^e 6nxn, Aa temo mhjiocx ABopa nocxnfin Ha 
OHa 3 nyHKTa, ajin norydnxn xoheiio HajnorjiaBn- 
thjh h Hajdo.tH nyHKT H3 np hbh a g\} h j e , KojHi 6nce 
HCKopeHHo ohhith HapoAHH catfop, a MecTO HapoA- 
hot cadopa yBe^n 6n h 3aK.LyiiH./iH ca6ope oa 36 
nepcoHa HMao npeAcxaB.^axn caB onraxn HapoA, kojh 
je caAa hoa tecapoM. A to Haai ce hhhh, A,a je hj-het 
oa HajBeke no Hac BaiKHoexn, 3a to HeKa ocTaHe no 
npBamfteM CMHCiy npnBHJiel)HJa. 

J\,ocjbQfl,EO npBOj n APyroj xa^KH CBora oAroBOpa , y xpe- 
noj xaiKH eHepnumo CBe'ryjy MHxpono.aiixa , Aa HHKaKO He- 
A03BO;in ABa apxHjenncKynaTa n Asa apxnjenncKyna. A no- 
3HBajy ce y noTBpAy Tora Ha napOAHe npHBHjiernje , y Kojniaa 
jacHo ctojh: „Aa HapoAOM noc/raBn ce eAHH BpxoBun apxn- 
jenncKyn" — — — — — — — TaKO Be;in Heo »npe- 

(»HBa, KaKO n ao CJie ecxe 6ej\o nopeA npeBe^eljia, n kjiko 
h codopoM ecTe hotbpah^h Barae BHCOKonpeocBemxeHcxBo. 

Heaia cyMite , Aa cy n ByAinmn BepoBayin y nomxen.e mu- 
Tpono^HTa Mojcnja , ho cy ohh h cyBHiue hckych.ih 3.1a oa 
npeVamftHx MHxponojHxa , 3na;iH cy ux , Aa ce paAO fluopy 
yjiaryjy, n Aa cy mhom BaJBaattHHJa npaBa KpxBOBaM 6ei- 
koj rocnoAn. Ta ropKa ncKycxna yiirannie, xe cy re n npeMa 
obom necxHxoM Muxpono^Hxy U0Ka3a.in y3ApHi.i.iiBii ii He noA- 
nyHo nonep.i.iiBii. Ta yBApffi^HBOCT oivieAa ce norjiaBHTO y 
neiBpxoj xawKii , y rcojoj obii 3a HapoAHe noc./iOBe CBaKaA H3- 
Aaiimn ByAniwnn OAunjajy n iioi;<iany nOMOk. j\o flyme OBaj 
nocxyiraK H3r./ieAa Kao nenoBepen.e npeMa niiane aaejiyssHOM 
MHxponoMxy. Ho cy n GyAHMCKH Cp6ii no HeB<».i.n n iioa npn- 



278 kphthikh nor.u:,i, ha iii'oiu.ioct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 

tmckom mhoi'hx rocnoAapa , y mo6wby ycraiiiuix cio()OAa, no- 
CT.uH n caMH nojiHTiraapH , ie aaitpatiHBajyhu HOBqaHy noMott, 
jaMaqHo cy xiejiH Mopa.iHo npirayAHTH Aotfpor MflTponoJiHTa, 
Aa koa ABOpa jom atHB^e h BetiOM eHeprnjoM uorpasn A03Bo.ay 
sa oaiUTH HapoAHH catfop. 

Obv no^HTH^Ky MafleBpy (JyAHMCKnx Cp6a . y AaHannte 
Ao6a Ha3Ba./iH 6n „ycTaBHHM cpeACTBOM", kojhm cy seMa.i-CKH 
ca(Jopn necTO HaroHHyiH BaaAe Ha pa3He yciynKe. 

Ho He caMo y Tpelioj Beti h y octslahivl TamcaMa H3pniHO 
HCKa3yje HapoA CBoje 3ay3MiaH,e sa npHBH^njcKa npaBa, n 
Aa cajm 6e3 CBoje Apyre dpate Mima HeKejy npeAV3HMaTn: 
„3a'ro KaAt 6«Ae conraTH HapoAHH catfop, — — — 

t aKo t ito 6«Ae ce HapoAt AP«rn G>AroBapa./ri> , TaKO 

h mh fi>HAa xo&eaio C/ieAHTH , — — — — — — — a 

AOHAe He MOffieMO HnniTa hijhhhth, AOKJie wnmie Ha- 
Poaho ca6opi> He 6\sj\,e. !i 

y tom cimc/iy h TaKO cysiapHO OAroBapa HapoA Mnrpono- 
aetj h Ha ocTa^e Tamte y ctbom nncMy oa 3-eT /l,eKeM6pa 
1729 roAHHe. 

y obom cnncy jacHO ce oraeAa Be.oKa cBecT 6yahmckctx 
Cp6a , kojh qe^iHgHHH nocrojaHCTBOM 6paHe HapoAHa npaBa, 

M CBOM H,pKBeHOM HHaie HOHITOBaHOM HOMaBapy H3JaB.L)'jy 
OTBOpeHO H C AOCTOJaHCTBOM „He MOffieMO HO Ce6e HHHITa 

sqHHHTH, AOK^ie oon hit n HapoAHH c a 6 op He 6 8 a e." 

BbnxoB nocTynaK , hito c HenoBepeaeM npniajy HOBe npeA- 
jiore HHaqe Aotfpor apxnnacTnpa , HOTnyHO ce Aaje onpaBAa™. 
Ba.ta HMaTH Ha yaiy, Aa cy Cp6n no cto nyra oHBa^n o6Ma- 
nyTH oa AOTaAaitHx npoeHnx MaBapa, kojh cy caaio TAe- 
a,&ar , Aa ce Be^HKarania yABope , n no h>hxoboj LyAn paAe, 
He Mapehn, hito cy obh B./iacHHnn HaJBaatHnje y npnBH^e- 
1)HJh ocBenrraHe Ta^nte yHHmTHJiH. 

MnTpono^HT Mojcnje . o KOMe cmo cBaKaAa peon , Aa je 
6ho jeAHHH ApKBeHn MaBap , kojh je Mapno 3a HapoAHy cpeny, 
tfejarae y oboj cTBapn eslao Hepem.iHB. Ho Ba&a npH3HaTH y 



HPIITUHKU 1I0T.1EA HA nPOUI.lOCT CPEA y JTAPCKOJ 279 

iteroBy qacT , Aa je h oneT ynmao aapoA 3a H>eroBO Mnm- 
.teite, h HexTe^e 0000x0 no cboj'oj najiein 6e3 aapoA0or 
OAopeita. 

Kano cpeha , Aa ce n hotohdH npKBeB0 oaBapn yraeAajiH 
Ha Bp.ior cBor npeAfciiKa , n #a Hncy HirniTa paA0M 6e3 cy- 
ryiacHOcrn cBeKO^HKor HapoAa. 3a0cxa 60 nx hotomctbo 6,iaro- 
cn.i.a./io c noniTOBaiteM cnoMHH>a.io itHXOBa naieHa , re He 60 
Aom/io ao Tora , Aa HapoA y HpKBeHOM norjiaBapy ivieAa cBora 
rpo3Hor Aecnoiy h AynmaHa. 

JaiaqHO je h y ocraJioM HapoAy MnrponoyiHTOB npeA^or 
HaDraao Ha oinop , xe je qecTHTH Mojcnje eHeprnqHnje 00- 
HCKao oa ABopa AonymTeH.e , a^ ca30Be onmxe HapoAHH ca6op. 

Kao mio heio Ma.10 *iac H3 ooaie ciaB.ieHor nncjia bh- 
Aein, Ben je y Majy 1730. roA- 000 CKyn.teH HapoAHH ca- 
dop y BeorpaAy. M no TOMe bhahmo, a MosKeaio Be.i0Ky 00- 
yKy D;pneTH H3 OBora , hito je ao ca#a peieHo , Aa cBarAa 
60/10 kophcth oa 3ajeAH00Kor paAa , Aa je TaKaB paA 600 
ycnemaH h CiarocioBeB , rAe ce npKBeHH iviaBap ca HapoAOM 
AoroBapao , h ho onmTeM HapoAHOM inm^eity paAHO. 

Mopaiio ce nyA0T0 , hito je ao CKOpa octuo caBpraeHo 
Heno3HaT paA OBora cadopa 6eorpaACKor. IEia BHrae hh je- 
AaH oa AojaKomHDHX nncana hh je cnoienyo, Aa je n 60.10 
-re roAHHe 0apoAH>er ca6opa y BeorpaAy. A Mel>y thm ho- 
boaom Hamer Hayynor ncTpaaHBa&a njcTopnjcKe rpa^e 3a 
nponiyiocT Cptfa y YrapcKoj , jom je n rocn. TJoptje PaJKO- 
bhIi npoHamao satiHCBHK Kpa.teBCKor KOMecapa HoTnyKOBHHKa 
n.i. rec/iiiHra, h no HenaiKOM opn^HHajiy caonmino je no- 
MeHyiH rocn. PaJKOBnK y oAOcroBepeHOM cpncEOM npeBOAy 
,,6e.flemKe" napcKor Koaiecapa. 1 ) 

Mn Keiao ce KopncTirrn obhm oejieaiKana n,apcKor KOMe- 
capa, H3nelieMo nx y CBe3n ca ocTa.iosi rpaljOM hctophjckom 
aie^ehn, && mio noAnyHHJy cansy a<imo OHor BpeMeHa 03 



i) r.iiAii 113 .l.eron. MaT. Cpncue dp. 294—309. 



2b<) i:i'iiTii'iKii iior.iEA iia inoiii.ioci cpba y yrAPCEOJ 

cpncKor HapoAHor atMBor.i , u j\u iiito no'inyHHJe u TaiHHJe 
H3HeceM0 paA aanrax npaoTan,a sa obom Aocaaa Hen<'3n.iTOM 
cadopy oeorpaAt'Koin. 

Hauin uoiinoHauH wraonu Bii/vtie , KaKO y TecHOJ cBe3n 
eaB paA l iecTHTor;i MHipono^iHTa Mojrnja h Earner HapoAa, 
Kojii je Hpnieii y xe'iajy i ieTBoporoAHiiiH,er nepnoAa H3Met>y 
Kap.ioBaqKor eadop.a oa 1726. voj\. n oBora deorpaACKor ca- 
dopa roA- J 730. 

HeMomeMO npetyTBTn, Aa He noMenemo 3a ofly Ma./iy pa3- 
./ihkv. Kojy cmo HainyiH , Aa je no KOMecapcKHM deaemKaMa 
OAno i ieT cadop 1-or Jyea no phmckom nyin no nameM KavieH- 
Aapy 21. Maja. Mebyrnii nmaMo nncMO dyAMCKHX nociaHHKa 
JoBaHa D,BeTHHOBHha n Mnxajjia ToTOBaHOBHha , oa 9-or 
Maja , H3 Kora bhahmo , Aa je cadop Beti 6ho Ha csyny. 
TaKo niTo Ha^asHHO uoTBpAy, Aa je cadop paHnje oAnoieT, y 
nncmy MHTpono./iHTa Mojcnja , kojh CBOje hhcmo obhm pe i mjia 
CBpraaBa: „j\,am y reHepaaHOMb KOHrpecy HapoAHOM 8 Beyin- 
rpaAy 14-ro Mara 1730." 

OBy Ma.iy ho 3a KpHiniKor ncropnKa BajKHy ncnpaBKy 
Mopa./incMO uoMeHyrH , ho heMO BHAe'ni la^io Aa.te y neaiy je 
xa pa3JiHKa dH./ia. 

y BHTepecy cane cTBapn y \\e.w TaHHor onHcnBan>a 
caoniHTaBaiwo npBo HHnrrpyKnHJy dyAHMCKnx cadopcKEx noc./ia- 
HHKa , a 3a thm heMO H3HeiH oBAe noMenyTO hhcmo hcthx 
dyAHMCKHX nocMHHKa oa 9-or Maja 1730. roAHHe. IIo opn- 
rHHa.iy H3 dyAHMCKe xpaHHOHnne noc/iaHn*iKa HHmTpyKHnja 
MacB OBaKO : 

OBAe npH/iaateiio nyHOMoiiHo hhcmo oa 10. Anpn^a 1730. 
Koje cy ao6h^h nocaaHHB,n dyAHMCKe jenapxnje oa jeuapxnj- 
CKor cadopa , 3a onnrre HapoAHH cadop y BeorpaAy Ha AaH 
xpncTOBa Ba3Hecen,a 21 -or 1730. roA- 

y obom 3Ha i iaJHoM nyHOMotiHOM nncMy jacHo je oApetjeH 
Epyr paAH>e cadopcKnx noc/iaHHKa, kojh ho cyBpeiaeHOM opn- 
rHHa,/iHOM KOHnenxy iviacH OBaKO : 



KPIITUHKII 110TAEA HA ni'Olll.lOCT CI'BA V XrAPCKOJ 281 

I H C T p H K II, I Id HjIU HaKa3T>. 

.^ez kxchocth, eKi^ejieHUHe Hame nptaymcTBa n npeo>- 
CBeniTeHcTBa ero h apxanacinpa rocn. rocn. GMja Hamero mu- 
Tpono^HTii a apxn-enicK»aa Be/inrpaACKora Moven.ia . no 
npenoHH3HeflmeM» mo./ieHHio n ca caBeroMb (o6rarera HapOAa 
Hamero c./ioBeHO-cp6cKaro , ©dpe'raioiiiTHx ce Ba pas.immn 
npoBnHuna , koa npecBeivieMraaro h Bnco i ianmera rocnoAapa 
rocnoAapa Hamero necapa avrycTHenmaro h HenodeAnmaro 
mcHefimaro aacxpHCKaro necapo Kpa^iCBCKaro ABopa 3a mh- 
^ocTHBHoe AonHmxeHie reHepaymaro (onmie HapoAHa ca- 
60 pa, KaKO a oca a ©dn^ail ecre 6hg> no 3aK0HS 
h a m e m ». 

„Ha Koe ero npecBe r r./io necapcKO n Kpa^ieBCKo Be./inqa- 
ctbo ec» «aoctoh^h ce Ha Hacb mhjiocthbho (OTanacKn npn- 
3pe'rn n noMH^oBaxn n peqenoe (onmre HapoAHoe nporaeHie 
Hcn./iHHTH u noaieHHTH reHepa./iHn cadopt 6C8 aouhcth^h Ap- 
jEam Ba Be;mrpaAe n TepMHHb 8qnHH./iH cen rpeA«niTH cnmn 
npasHHKi. Ba3Heceme rocnoAa Bora n Cnaca Hamero Hc8CL 
Xpicra , oko Ham ecre H3BemTeH0. 

„3a Koe Ba cext noHE3HeHme n npenoKopHeiinie 6./iaro- 
AapnMO n omHaeMO ce ero npecBeiviOMb nee. Kp. Be.inqacTB8, 
rnio Haci. noA^oatHHx cbohx iaKOB8 MHJiocTb h3.'1hkmh ec8. 

„3aTO n mh HH^e HMeHOBaHH n noAnnca'ni cbu 3aeAHO Ba 
lenapxin (>8ahmckom , Ctojiho Be^nrpaACKon 11 npo i inx oko.i- 
hhxb (odperawmTHX ce npaBocMBHH xpiicTiKVHn cBfl'rne Ba- 
cro i iHHe iipoe 3aKOHa rpe x iacKaro Be.<uiKH ate 11 aia.ui n Ba 
caKaro T MHa n peAa eAHHO a8hiho, eAnno r.iacno , n oahho 
Miica^Ho H3a6paciwo, HapeAncmo n nouacmo ©A cbmh) bhcb 
nocjiaHHKe n Aonamp're Hame Jcoana U,ue rinu»Hiiha 11 Mnxan.ia 
ToTOBaHOBiitia , 11a reHepa^mi wnmre aapoAHH <\udopb 8 Bcm- 
rpaAi> , n TaKOBO iuiioMoiimie oa cbhk> nan, npiiM.iene uimi 
peKOMaHAwpaMo , 11 Aa 6oA0ti. BepoBaTe^HO . mto 68A8 tobo- 

PHTH II B0T8ML CBO0* IIpCA-lOHlHTII , KaKO to,\ 8CTb CBHH) 1IJH !1 

n norpedHoe cjlobo npeAcraBiiTii. A <rro p.atfopfle (Oumnnn. 



282 kphthikh nor.iEA ha ni'om.iocT cpba y jtai-ckoj 

car^acneMt h3bo;iht ce AOKOHaTH, h keko g>a aphfhx cTpa- 
Hax r j> m upoBHHnna Aen8THpTH b noc/iaHHnn 3aEOHa Haniero 
npaBOcaaBHaro AOKOHaToaHoe .saiuuowrn 6hagti. : Tauo Aacsio 
iianiHMi. njieHHnoTeHiJ,Ha^oM n/niOMOiiiTHe , caiio Aa 6h c^eAO- 
Ba^io ce 8 cueMH no Hameais d-ziaronaoTHF) , KaKO ao cae jkh- 
BeyiM edo h saitOHH rpnaHCKOMH h a npaBoc/iaBHio no ©6nnaio 
CBflTae BacTOiHHe npitBe , n Aa C>h a cBeiaa Mnpnn 6h.ih a 
cBoenis 3aKOH«, n HHKsiKOBa HOBHHa Aa 6h ce HenocTaBH.aa, 
saiuionHTH , KaKO a npoa n a Aparo 1TO, ear th camneH- 
3ayiHTepL (HepemeHO ocraBHTH), Hero no AocaAaniH>eM8 g>6h- 
naio Aa 6afl,e caii3Bo^raeMO 6hth , a He Aparormne. 

„EaKO n caMoe ero npecBei^oe n Ap^aBHeninee nee. Kp. 
Be^nqacTBo a Mn^ocTHBHenmn H3AaTH npHBH.ieria cbohx k 
HaMi. h HameMS HapoA«. Aa a CBoeiaa 3aKOHa, h no k&aqe- 
Aapa crapoMb h Aparnxi, odoViaeBx faaroiacTHm cBfl'rne bo- 
cTO i mne npKBe, a^ cjio()oaho Moateaio noA BJiacTHK) ero nee. 
Kp. Be^nqacTBa MBeTH n aiopeTH, ecuio no AapoBaHH, Aa 
HHKaKOBH Hcn^ia mi Tapdaniie a hpkbh n a 3aKOHS nameMH 
Aa HaM ce He i ihhh hh ©a Kora. — — — — — — — 

„3aTO caA n ao noc/ie n cBarAa npenoRopHH h npeno- 
HH3HH Ba Been., a.iH AP3HOBenie a 3aKOHt h a hprobb 
rpenacKHK) Haina hh hoa kohm HanHHa, hhth xoneMO 

HpnMHTH, HHTH XOheMO HOA^etiH. 

.,A a nponema CBaKOMa H0HH3HeHineM8 pemneKTa h Bep- 
hocthe) HHKorAa H3MeHHTa,/iHOH Ka ero nee. h Kp. Be-intiacTBa. 
JaKO./in 6h koh ©a H.amero 3aKOHa cBemTeHHXi> h.ih CBeTCKHX, 
jiy)6o Koera nHHa 6aAe , h^h 6ann> g>a hcthxt> Hamnx Bnme 
noMeHSTH n.aeHHnoTeHHHc./ioB'L jlm n^HOMomraHKOBi) , no ce6e 
Ba hto hobo o6hkae ce 6aA8n> , wo ao cie CBarara Bacioq- 
Hattv npROBi Hne caApaiaBajia , Aa £>h g>hh ao nocaeAHe caoBa 
h <»Teo 6h(o h npoTHBi 3aKOHa Hamero rp^acKaro: to <ohh 
(oho HeKa npHMe h HeKa caiin caApJKaBaio , a.iH hh ho kohmb 
codpasoMB npHMHTH HekeMO , hhth caApJKaBaTH. 



kphtiiikh nor.iEA ua jipoduoct cpba y yrAPCKOJ 283 

; ,HerO 8 JB06M8 3aK0B8 BpOCBMO B MO.IHMO MBpBO (OCTaB- 
,1I€HB A'l ^HAeMO , a B Ca CBaKOH) BOBB3BOCXBK) BepHOf THK) Ka 

n,ap. b Kp. Be-iaqacxBH 40 HaHnocaeAHeflnie sarnie kpbh odoV 
mTaBaMO ce caxmwih KaKo b j\o caA aoxaKBOBeBa fi)6pe;iB ce 
ecMO. Ca cbmb b h HaapeAB flOABacaeaio ce b Beiaxa BaniiiMn 
Ha3BaMeB8eio , Ba oojiiue B3BearreBae b HXBpatAeBae. /l,axo a 
Ta6aBB cero 10. Anpn^a 1730. 

A caA je Ba peAy, Aa caoamxaMo bbcmo 6yABMCK,ax ca- 

dopCKBX BOC/MBAO J. I^BeTBBOBBha B M. TOTOBaBOBBha 

HoTreflaM b 6.iaropa38MBBML — 

„B./iaroAapBMo rocBOAa Bora b npeiHCT8 6oroMaxepL , j\,a cmo 
ce cboao6bjb BBAeTB OBAe 8 Be;iBrpaA8, kojihko Mjioamae 
M-aojsaGTBa apooexa 3.iOAe» BaBjiBByio ce ko./ibko e $p'dmKe. 
Cb8a^ b Mace Kauo aomTe 60 Ae k\b./ik\ioxb Kap./iOBa i iKB ro- 
CBOAapB, obb caMB a BecMero 8 cBoe BBBorpaAe aka, 3anixo 
C8 mbb , BomTo bmb Bpexe , BeKe bmb amio xAe6b bo cji8- 
raMB bbxbbmb. A a to ecxe 83poK/B , flomxo bmb caAe Haii- 
60 ar 3eMaBb , aeMa a tko xepaxa. Maamaxapa ') aeaia , ca- 
poMaca paaa 2 ) bb i i8 uepAO ') bo rpaAOBB a bo raaBaa, a obb 
caAe iftBCTBeBO xproBae AoieK8K) b pa3dan\K). H AOCTa cmo Ba 
mbcjib; ajia mb e xo caAe XBa./ia Bor8 mb^ocxbbom npem^o. 
Hero mob Ao6pa rocaoAapa ao i ixeBB xaaaq a 6apoB , xano 
Borb Aao BapcxBae aedecBO, Aa mb e xaKo Baaaiia 3a 100 
xajiapa , ae6a pa3MeBao , kob e g>x Meae caiftcex rocaoABB't 
MBxpoao^iaxX) Bo x iaaao 3a aecpefiBert OcxporoaMK) KaaexaBO- 
bbLi (Jaiuaatia) , aac M8 a oua a uailKtt rpaano , oxK8Aa e 
Baca ckox Aecao e Haiia, Be^Ba M8 MHKa, KaMO cpelui . \:i\ r \ 
c8 ra Ba^B^ia a aier^a, Aa ch a <BpuiA./ia. H KaKO ujimi. 6oag 
6vA,e cBeAowra tocboabh liaim. aeBacK8B r B , kob ce OBAe xpe- 

bbo, kob e CflfftCeXB ox Bac MBXpOBOyiBX BOMBBBO, MaiiK8 a 

oBa Be x ioa M8Ka — — — H KaKO mii ce 1111,1,11, xokeMO 11 



') PeAOBHH BOJHHUH. 

2 ) Paun, Kpajiiiiiiui l iKii Bojiiiiun, = r]>auii iapn. 

3 ) BepAo = Wer da? = Ko ii^e ? 



284 Ki'iiTii i JKii noiviEA ha nroiiuocT cpyA f jtai-ckoj 

cHyiOMb n^aiiaTH , arro ce 1 ibbb ot nac nrro ce roBopu. A 
Ap«ro mhc^hml , n aae Ap8roaie, a* e CBex B3dpoeao ot 
Maaoiua (Ea^Dta H3 HeaiTe). IIIto ce e deceABJio, iuto e 
percao rocn. OpecTHe (PaABiaah botob>b dapoB dyABMCKn), n 
iiito e peitao fasMulih HnKoaa, a bito e penao rocn. I€(|rrn- 
Mne KaesKeBB i ib (TaAau,a dapoB dyABMCKB) aaai aeaoTpedtfe 
Ap«ra bhko , mh niBJieMO Bamera ayieBaaoTeBBBifluia , a Ap«ni 
cBaKH Hena nrajie bo cede, a BaraeM AP«r» Mhbiku ToTOBa- 
bobbbb 6eao AOCTa b cBpa b ;ieda , ibto e « 3ao i iac BCKao 
ot Maflofijia xecaBL ot oflmTBBe 3a aeroaa 150 c|)op. H ocTa- 

CMO BeKaiotiB KOMBCBK) ropHH) , B OfflTb BBe CTBIVia \ a OCTa./lB 

poAb xpBCTBKiBCKB Bac Aoraao . — 8 — b^abo , 12 apxn- 
MaBApBTa , Bori Aa 3Ba kojihko npoTonona , KaaeTaBa , aA- 
Haha , KBe30Ba. 3aBOBel)eBo 70 jiioab b^b aepcoaa , a aaia a 
b 300 nepcoHa. H cBe sananBa » BaTBBH; ') e OBaio ch ApiJ- 
roraqa jikab , BBe ko mb. — — — — — — — — — 

3a Koe BaMb cbbmb ocTaeMb aoc.flB2KBTe.zib , b MoanTe ce o aac 
rocaoA« Bora. IIobito e Bete ecuio cacTarcua ca odpoaBTaaa 
a KaBeTaaa, a AP^ra BoaacTBeBB b CBeTCKBMb. IIpBa Bpoda 
cadopa da^a nel)8 aaia , a aiiaMO uacTb ot bbx. Ioaaec E^Be- 
thhobhbl. Mbbiko ToTOBaBOBBBb. OBora Maarx — 9 — a ro- 
Aaae 1730. Y Be^iarpaAB. 

Apyro becmo, Koje roBopa o OBOMe cadopy, bito je aa- 
cao MBTpoBOMT cbom HapoAy 14 Maja 1730, odjacBahe Ta- 
Koljep apaBaB BOMeayTor cadopa. Oao raacH OBaKo: 

„Movcea m. d. npaBocaaBHH apxieaacK^ab b Ma-rpoaojiBTb 
de.irpaACKJB , a Bcero aapoAa xpacTiaacKaro boa B.aacTBK> 
nptcBeTJiar© pasicKaro aecapa b ero Be./iBBacTBa caBeTBBK, 
b npoiaa. 

»ILaeMeHHTO a nomeHopoAHH rocaoAapa, BapomKB dapoBB, 
odp Kae30Ba , Kae30BB , eaiEHTa a KieTOBa , a ociaM apaBo- 
c./iaBBfl xpacTiaaa Ba CBiJvroib A^ce caBOBe ^H)de3BeifBia. KaEO 



') BaTiiHa CKe.ia Ha AynaBy y Bapaan upeaia Anaiuey, 



kputiiiku nor.iEa ha nponi^iocT cpea y yrAPCKOJ 285 

ere ce i^epa 8 reHepa./moMb HapoAHeMb cadops wdminx npo- 
cjmh , n saxTeBayin He3HaMeHa're./iHa qhhkth mae ciaTin bo bg- 
mreH , mo ce AOCTOHTB 3a (odnrre napoAHoe Aodpo . n 3a 
BaBe^eHie ^odparo pe^a , KaKo H3 npeA-iora cm nsHKTax 
npn^o^eHMX, w BaceMb (to-ame pa3»Hecre, 4a 6n cmo Gviaro 
— ujieMeHHio n nomeHOpoAiaMb BamnMb nncMeHO npeA-flo- 
&EAE Ha codnrrn no MeaiAacodHH Bamt AoroBopb , ftaaropas- 
caatAenie n npoMOTpeme. HoHeaie nann n Mei bo cBtMeib 
/l,8ce ;ih)6hmhx chhh Hamnx npomeme HaMb npeA-ftoaieHO , hu 
Ba MaHmnxb KaKO BamnMb cnHO-aeniaMi) , TaKO HacmoM'b K;iep8 
n cBeTJioMb HapoA« (OTBpaTHTn HexoTeBffln , naqe A03BO.iHTn 
n nncMeHO odnxBHTn aoctohjihcmo ce. 

Cerco paAH njiesieHHTO h noyieHopoAiaMb BamnMb bchmb 
©done Ha eAnHOKbHHn AoroBopb n 6.iaropa3C8ai 1 AHie n npo- 
MOTpeHie cia npeA-ftOMCMo bh, Aa HOMejKA8-cooHo K8HHHMb 
coMacieMb npoBHAHTn faiaropaacBAHTe n npoMOTpnxe, 1 ito 
roAb 3a ©dime HapoAHoe Aodpo n Aodapb peAB n cBaKn Ha- 
npeAaK dn n nocrsnaKb dn.ao. CBpxa Tora Bam eAHHOMH- 
ca^iHH BOT8MI), KaEo 3a Ao6po no3Ha're, n 3a doyime pa3- 
c8Anie n npoMOTpnie, cia nncieHe Ham Aa npeA^oaKn-re 3a 
Aa^ma AeK./iapan,iio onmraio , n 8TBpa£AeHie Hame . Kano d8AeTb 
ce a^th caTBopnTH. J\mo 8 renepa^HOMb KOHrpecs HapoAHOMb 
8 Be^nrpaA8 14-ro Mara 1730. M©vcie HeTpOBn*ib c. p. 

Ho ate^bn Mnxpono^inTOBOj nocflaHnnn cadopcKH Ha x mHnme 
onnrry AeiwapaHnjy, Kojy LeMO na.au Aa.'be caonmTirm. 

Mayio npe caonmTiMH cmo hhcmo dvAHMCKiix nociaimKa 
oa 9 Maja, y KOMe cy jaBn^in, Aa je cadop cboj paA ot- 
noneo. Ho hb OAroBopa dyAHMCKor Tamnia oa 25 Maja 1730 
A03najeMO ynpano oa je cadop OTBOpeH. 

y obom nncMy Be.ae ByAnMnn: .,Pa38MecM0 — Aa 

ecre nMajin KOHrpecb n catfopL ca rocn. Mirrpono.iuTOMb 8 
ABopa ero npeocBemxeHCTBa , no cede, a He ca uapeljeHiiii 
KOMecapoM. Ho Aa xohe ce none-m cero '21. Main, 11 
lino u«Ae ce. Hobo npnne'rn.n< . Aa xokeTe miiani. II ecTe 



286 KHiTiiiiui uor.ii:/], ha qpohmoct cti.a y wapckoj 

tjimo umbiiih k caGopK pa38Me.AH ab;i ii8iiKTa. Ba 1-bo ho- 
K\j),iitiCTe, ah ce THie ©hihtoh napoAHOH npHBeyiefyacKon une'in, 
a ho non\BjiioeTe w KoeMS iishktb. 2-ro HIto he cpn,e Ha- 
poAHO 3e6./ii€H0 oinii , in to AP3a© v, sslkort, , H3BecTHeMiue 
paAH 6e cmo 6imh pa38MeTH , nonrro bo^hko HapoAt ecre caM8- 
niTem. OBanio , h BeAMKH MHca© HMfiMO. 3a Bora , uito ce hiihh. 

km Kaico ikiki. afaaataeTe h nnmexe , ah Ha rpeAsnrroii 
noiHTH xoKeMO HMam 6oAwmi rjiacoai HaMeAain n noceTHTH. 
/l,ap8H rocn. 6oate h npennc'ra rocnoAHa ooroia'rn , AoOpo Aa 
6xa&, Koe cdMAaMO cpAnei h A8iueio hsth h pa38Me'rn. 

Sate npocHMO h rocn. Bora , a Hannane h ©HHMa i€ bh- 
AOth h Ao6paro r./iaca bc/mmaTH , Aa no cBoeM8 cTapom ©6n- 
naio Aa ©craeMO 8 maps BacroiHaro npaBoo/iaBHo n 6.iaro- 
lacxna, a « cBeM8 caeAHTe h nanmiTe ce no njieHnnoTeHnnn 
©mme HapoAHofl eate HMaxe npeBapsneHO, Aa 6h c^eAOBa^io 
©tfApataBafiTe ce. H nnmn ie HaMb , Koe rocn. TapAHHa./ii> n 
mHHMB Koiaecapn , n npone , mTO ce 6»ao npnneTH./io ©a c,Bera 
npian're HaMfc, Aa 3HaMO , n Koe c8 cjjejie .iioah Hape- 
tjenn no coKann. — — — — — — — — — 

H3 OBora nnciaa bhahmo, Aa cy mipoAHH noc/iaHnnn ca 
MHTponoyinxoM AP^a^iH KOH(})epeHnnje , a Aa je napcKH KOMe- 
cap ^eHepao Baj.iH(|) ea. Mapyjin cadop OTBopno 21. Maja 
(1-or JyHa no pni.) 

OAMax npBHx AaHa caCiopncaiba 30 Maja, A03HajeMo n3 
MHTponojHTOBa nncia, nixa ce Ha cadopy oinoye^io paAnrn. 
.,(06RB./it!ieM0 xpHCTO./iio6iaMi BamnsTb , Kan© AensmpTH hjih 
nocjiaHHnn n no^HOMOuiTHnnn Banin nopeA'B HannHa, n KorAa 
nojiHOMoniTHoe Bauie nncame bo onrnxe HapoAHbin up o to- 
ko A^ Bonnca^n n npnMHJin, ec-8 npnc8ACTBOBa^in n M'tcTO 
cBoe nark/in n npieioeHH 6eam, npn c./iaBHOM'b reHepa^HOMi 
cadopi , npeAi> ero necapcKar© n Kpa/ieBCKaro BeJin i iacTBa 
HapeaiAOHHM^ KOMecapoMt , n Bca OHa koa ec8 npeA-iaraxa? 
©oflByiena n Aepaaia 3a ©6niTeHapoAHoe Ao6po , h 3a gis,a- 
HOCTb MH./iocTHBeHinMXT) npHBn.ieriaxb , ii npo^inxi nponiem- 



KPUTiiiKii nor.iEA ha npour.iocT cpea v yrAPCKOJ 287 

axi> codmTeHapoAHHXi. HamnxT) ; n Kaso o6nrre eciio H3BO.in.in 
Mo.ieHm . rwroTH , n H8KAH Hama , ero npecBei^eiineMH ne- 
capoKpayieBCKOMH Be;in x iecTB» coiviacHO co^HHeHO npeA-ioaann. 
cia Barnn noMflH»TH AenHTnpiu g> Bce3Tb cot 8cti> 6o.ime n 
Bnme xoihtht-b H3BT.CTHTH — — — — — — — — — 

A tito sa n^iatin ti>6mTeHapoAHaro ceKpeTapa Ta- 
Bpinyia Ha nope3i. jpihhhth: Aaio. xoiiitht'b Baii> Baran 
AenainpTH (ft tomi A\mme cKa3aTH. — — — — Bi> Bi.i- 

rpaAi Mara 30-ro Ane 1730 roAa. — — — — Moavcen 

IleTpoBntii.. 

H caA noinro cmo CBe noKa3a;in, una je obom Ba3HeceH- 
ceom canopy npeAxoAn.io, n h niTa je Ha npeAxoAHHM koh- 
^epennjasia pafyeHO , caA Haai ocraje Aa no deyieniKaia ca- 
6opcKor KOJiecapa caonuiTHMO, mia je nojeAHHD,e Ha OBOie 
cadopy npexpecaHO , nrra je patjeHO n y kom AY-\y. 

y n,pB0J ceAHHD,n 21 Maja (1 JyHa n. p.) jaB.La cKyn.te- 
hom cadopy H3ac/iaHH napcKH KOMecap noAnyKOBmiK n.i. Te- 
cjiHHr , Aa je Kecap Kapyio VI no eoa6e MHTpono^nxa aosbo- 
jiho , Aa ce OBaj cadop MOJKe ap^^th. y hcto Bpeme Kasyje. 
Karo ra je npnBpeieHO KOMaHAyjytin y Cpdnjn fyeHepao Baj- 
Am\) ma. Mapy;in OApeAHO 3a Koaiecapa oBome cadopy. Haj- 
3aA pene Koaiecap , Aa ne ocia^o caai MHTpono.urr EasaTH hito 
nma HapoAy caonrnTHTU. 

oarnM MHTpono;iHT pa3^0EH , Aa je hecap joni dimmem 
maBHOM KOManAairry y Kpa^eBCTBy Cpunju lieHOpa.iy ^e^A- 
napma^y n Be.iHKOM bojboah A^eKcaHApy BnpTem6epmK0M . a 
TaKO hcto n cpdnjaHCKOJ ynpaBH 3anoBeAno . ,ia ce napcEB 
othhc , Kao TymaiieH.e HapoAiinx npiiBH.iernja (pecEpmn ofl, 
12. Anpnyia 1727.) cpdnjaHCKoaie HapoAJ jaBHO o63h;uiii. 
/I,a.'ie Be^n mhtpohojiht, KaEO je oh ea cpfajaHCEHM HapoAOM 
Apasao catfop, na kom h no cadopcKOM pemeity OAroBopriio 
necapy, Aa HapoA ca mhtpohomtom UMajyl.n y bhav. A« iipn- 
Bn-iefyije raace na caB cpncEH BapoA, n no Toaie Cpuiijaimn 
Kao HaJMan>ii Aeo cpneiBa noMeHyro napcEO pemeae hut iiory 



288 KI'IITII'IKH HOr.lK;!, HA IIl'OIII.lOCT CTEA y yrAl'CKOJ 

OpHMHTH HH HenpMMIITM , AOK ce CH OCTaJlHM HRpOAOM Ha OH- 

iiiTcm HapoAHOM catfopy He AoroBope. H tom npn./iHKOM mo- 
j\m\ie heeapa , a-i aosbojh omnia HapoAHH catfop , rAe 6n to 
n,apcKO pemette moivih cBeMy HapoAy o6jaBHTH h noAnyHH 3a- 
K.i»y i iaK AOHern nu hctom npeAMery. 

3aTHM ce npoqirra kecapcKa HapeA^a MHTponojiHry :s6or 
OBora cadopa. A hcto TaKO oh npowraH OHaj herapeB anpiw- 
ckh othhc craB no craB, Aa 6h catfop cBaino h pa.3yMeo 
OHaj kouhh pacnnc. 

KaKO je naK HapoA H3 napcKor o'rnnca yBHAeo, Aa je 
kecap c.Boje bhcoko HeroAOBaR>e noosao 3dor pen^HKe , hito 
My je HapoA noAHeo. H Taso ce HOMeHyxa HeMH^a peiMHKa 
join jeAHOM npoqara , KaKO on n caoop A03Hao , rAe je to 
HapoA H3ry6no crpaxonomTOBafte! npeiia H>eroBoi ano- 
cto^hikom Be^nnaHCTBy, n y tom HecpetiHOM c/iynajy a a h a- 
poA M0.1H 3a onponrreite paAH raKOBe yatacHe norpeniKe. 

Catfop npoHHTa othhc na 3arHM OHy rpo3Hy pemaHKy, a 
MHTponciHT H3 HOBa onoMeHe , Aa ce 6pHat.'iHB0 h3bhah h Aa 
ce 3arHM , Hcxpaae , Aa .in je h rAe je HapoA norpemno h 
orpeniHO Ay my. H n./ieMeHH'rn tochoahh HOTnyKOBHHK TecjiHHr ') 
tecapeB KOMecap , oBaj MajieitHja crapor 3aBeia , 3a6e.ieaEHO 

y CBOJ AHeBHHK jaMaMHO C) T 3HHM O l IHIUa Ty OKope^ocr cpncKHX 
nocjiaHHKa, jep Bevin , Aa je HapoA Ha mhtpoho^htobo mrraite 
o cbojoj Moryhoj h HeBHAHMOj norpeniHH tiyrao. 

Ilocie OBor rposHor hyTaita H3JaBH mhtpoho^ht , Aa je 
MOJRAa to bhcoko HeroAaBaite H3a3BaHO 6hjio hhcmom , mro ra 
je caB HapoA nocaao MHTpono-iHTy 36or napcne HapeA^e, Koja 
je HapoAy onpeM^eHa H3 Bena y CereAHH ; a 3Ha ce Bean, 
Aa je y' HOMeHyroM nncMy 3aK'reBaHH OAroBop HMao HenpH- 

CTOJHHX H yKOpHHX peiH. 

') ByAimcKii nociammii Be.ie: „rocu. FapAiiHa.i u ina>HM KOite- 
capii." Ho u aico reo-iimr rnije ono KapAiiHa.i , a-i Oeme ja- 
marao HeKii jeaiOBiiTa, Kao uito ux je y aycxpujcKoj Bojcmi 
6iiBa.io .,ecclesia militans" bojhuikiix jeaiOBina , kojii cy no 
noTpeon ouBa.ui Kpa.tCBCK.n KOMecapn. 



KPiiTimEii nor.iEA ha nPomviocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 289 

H oneT ce HapoA 3a*iyAH n Tome , Te noncKa , Aa My ce 
h to hhcmo npo^HTa. Ha Taj 3aKTeB OAroBopn napcim ko- 
Mecap, KaKo je HapoA y oBoaie nncaiy cieTHyo c yna oho 
nonrroBaite , Koje je rocn. MHTpono.iHTy Kao rjiaBH npKBe Ay- 
ffiaH o/i,aBaTH. H TaA Be^eBaatHO onomeHy HapoA , Aa ce y Ha- 
npeAaK TaKBor Hana^aita kjiohh , HHa^ie Hsryon &e npeBncoKy 
napci&y mimoct. 

Ho ihto rocn. napcKH KOMecap mije 3Hao , to cy 3Ha.m 
Ao6po h HapoA a n mhtpoho^ht, Aa je to, y peKn cTojete 
hhcmo , oho hcto , djto cy ByAHMnn h ocTaM HapoA MHipo- 
nojiHT-y oAroBopn^iH Ha ohh iteroBH neT nyHKTOBa,') 36or ko- 
jhx je caM Ao6pn mhtpoeojiht HapoAOM ce CBeTOBao , h Kao 
mTO bhahmo, Aa My je HapoA aoctojho OAroBopno, ho 3a 
Koje mm MHTpono3HT hh HaJMaae HHJe 3aMepno , nomTo ce to 
cBe no aeroBOM 3HaH>y 3(taBajio. 

EoniTO Aaoe napcKn Koiecap He Morame HapoAy Haio- 
BapnTH „yBpeAy KpayteBCKor BeaHiancTBa ; ft to Hal>e ra ko- 
Phth h noMHftaTH 3(5or yBpeAe npeMa „EKne./iem],nJH." 

Ho HapoA HenpHMH Ty onosieHy, BeK OAroBopn, a a je 
HapoA MHTponojiHTy nsjaBHO cBoje HenoBepeae 3(>or 
HapcKe Hapefltfe, Koja oneBHAHO HAe y HaToi Ha- 
poAHHM npHBHJierHJaMa, ynncyjyhH to y rpex me- 
TponojiHTy, Kao cBOMe nyHOMObHHKy, 3acrynHHKy s. 
6pnroBol)H thm npe, hito ce HapoA nnje Morao he- 
KaA nocyMftaTH (?) Aa ce n. nee. Rp. Be^inqaHCTBO 
He 6h crajiHO h HeHapymnBo AP^a^io npnBn./iernja, 
djto hx je HapoAy npeMH^ocTHBO AapoBao. HapoA je 
3(>or r re CBoje norpeinKe — aKO je 36n.i>a norpeniKa — mo- 

J1HO B6h jeAHOM TOCH. MHTpOHO^lHTa 3a OHpOIHTaj , II aKO My 

to HHje Aocra, totob je Aa My ce n no Apyrn nyr 3a to 
mojih eBo oBAe Ha cadopy. 



1 ) Biiau hucmo MUTpono.iuTa Mojcuja oa 15. Hob. 1729. u OAro- 
Bop ByAUMaua oa 3. AeuewCpa ucie toa- 

I'JACIIHK XXXVIII. 19 



290 KPHTU1KII nOMEA HA IIPOIIMOCT CPBA J' yi'APCKOJ 

MHTpono^HT npHMH OBy 036vu\Ey H3JaBy HapoAHy h c thji 
npe ce 3aA0B0Ji>H , ihto je 3Hao , oko h o ^einy ce oh caM ca 
HapoAOM AoroBapao. Jom jo cant oa cBoje crpaHe AOAao , KaKo 
napoA 'rpetfa Aa pacyAH, Kaiio ce oh hcto xaKO 3aKdeo Ha 
BepHOCT napy, Kao h HapoAy, h Aa je apxHJenHCKyn Kao 
HeiiH nocpeAHHK Mefyy HapoAOM h B.aaAapoM. Ho tom npn^H- 
kom cnpoMa MHTpono^HT HcnoBeAH ce , oko h caM yBH^a cboj 
HecpehaH no^offiaj , HaBOAetn no cbotom nncMy, Aa hhko He- 
Moace ABa rocnoAapa — noniTeHO — cAymwm. Oh ce mar 
cBaKaKO TpyAH, Aa hh jeAHy crpaHKy yBpeAH, ho Aa 6yAe 
npaB o6eMa. 

IIpBa ceAHnna cadopcita CBpnra ce Ha tom , hito caB 36op 
3aM0JiH , Aa My ce A03B0.M 3a cyTpamitH AaH AP^aHe KOH(J)e- 
peHnnje, Ha kojoj 6h Morao AOHeTH pemeae Ha napcKH 3a- 
K/byqaK. y jeAHO 3dop mojih , Aa KOMecap He 6yAe y toj koh- 
(|jepeHD,HJH , uiTo odn^HO y xaKBHM KOH(|)epeHnirjaMa 6nBa BHKe 
h HepeAa, h hito ce yBes He na3H Ha ysajaMHO nomTOBaH>e, 
Eoje ipe6a Aa B^iaAa Mefyy *L/iaH0BHMa TaKBor cacTaHKa. A 36op 
he npeso cyrpa AOHeTH cboj 3aKAyqaK. 

y Apyroj ceAHHHH H3JaBH KOMeiap, Aa He A03B0^aBa koh- 
(|)epeHD,HJy 6e3 KOMecapa, ho HapeAH, Aa ce ceAHHHa y ite- 
tobom npncycTBy Aa.^e HacTaBH , He A03B0. / baBajyhn , Aa ce hito 
npHBaiHO npeAy3HMa. Meijy thm , Kao hito ce bhah penjiHKyje 
— OAroBop — Ha npBanme uapcKO pemeae HapoA je MMao 
y totobocth , a OHa je 6ea& cacraB/beHa c nooeAOM Ha Ha- 
poAHe npHBH;iet)HJe. OBy pen^iHKy npeAaAe cadop fyenepajiy, 
Aa oh tecapy AOCTaBH. Jom cy y oboj ceAHHun npogniaHa 
nyHOMotiCTBa cadopcKHx nociaHiKa. 

y ipehoj ceAHHHH npo^HTaHa je MoJideHHHa kecapy, h Ha 
HHTaae MHTponoMTOBo ycBoJH ce ncia 0Ba BaaiHa npocda, Koja 
no opnrnHa^y Macn OBaKO : 

„IIpenoKopHeHnieMH n MH^ocTHBHeiimeMS Mo^eHnio onniTera 
HapoAa Hamera Ka npecBeivienmeMH rocnoAapH napo Kpaaio 
HameMB, h ero aBrscTHeiinieMS ABopH. 



KPHTU1KH HOMEA HA IIPOI1L10CT CPBA Y yrAPCKOJ 291 

„3a MH^iocTHBHoe AonamTemie fyeBepaacKaro b onmTe aa- 
poAHaro cadopa no AOcaAanmeiB o6nqa» 3aK0Ha Hamera. Ha 
Koe ero npecBe'Moe necapo KpaaeBCKo Be.inqacTBo ecu aobb- 

CTB./1H, B Ha HcIC 8AOCTOBAB MBAOCTBBBO OTa^aCKB Bpfl3peTB, 

h peieHoe onnne aapoABoe BpomeBBe bcbabhtb, h l>e- 
Hepa^cKH ©nmTe BapoABB ca(>opb aobbctbah Ap^ara . h Tep- 
mhh no^offiBJiH 8 ceaib rpeA«BiTeM8 Mecen.8 Ba BejinrpaA*, 
EaKo Haai HSBeniTeHO i€CTe. 

„3a Koe caA mbx no noBe^eHHio cbb o6nne i€cmo caBaK8- 
bbah ce cBaKH oa CBoera ABBiTpHKTa oa HapoAa nocjaTH n.ie- 
HHnoTeHaiaM cBoero (|)0T8Ma OBAe c^aBH0M8 caCops BpEBeTB 
n npeA-aoatnTH ohomb , bjto ce HaM 6vhq 3anoBeAaJio. A Han- 
na^e , aKO On bito 6bao Bpoaib b 3aK0H8 samem AOcaAB- 
TejiHO caAfc oa toabkhx nponiMX BpeMeaa h roABEa. Eobito 
KaKo cmo Boroib n npecBeiviocTHK) BecapoKpaAeBcoro pnii- 
CKaro BeABKaro HenodeABMeiiniaro HMnepaiopa n ero Bejinia- 
CTBa cBeio noMeHyraro nasieTM jleoBOAAa, 3BaHHit* n 3axie- 
BaHHia ca koahko ero Be^nyacrBa AeKpera, Aa 6bcmo KaKO 
noyae B3Hhn boa BAaciBio ero p8K8. Koe MB BeBasdpaEBAB 
ce eciio hb Ba qeMb lecrb pat>po ca ^eaaMb h neAB cbob, 
oa BpooeTnxb ArapaaoBb 0A6erAE , a ita BBme cBOMeH8TOMb 
u,ecapo Kpa^ieBCKOMb BeAE<iacTB8 aa o6ehaa8 aapoA8 npn- 
CerAB. Koe ecib 6bao mhaoct b boar iero BeBO^eAHJieiimaro, 
Aa ecTb AapoBaAb odniTOMb aapoA8 Kp T iaBCKOM8 3aK0B8 npe- 
BeyierBK) , b Ba bob ibctb Bacexb B3odpaaieBO , Ba bbmi> 8 tb- 
bihbb MoateMo ce atBBBTB. Koe Be^BKO O^aroAapBMO ero Be- 

AB l iaCTB« , 3a K06 B MB 3aK0Bb BpaBOCAaBBB eCMO AOCTOBHOMb 

cede BepBoci'Bio noiomAH ce Ba Bpeme paia , BpBe uniKe ca 
TapKOBi), n oime roABBe b jieia. 

„IIoc./ie BaKi. Ha HaBepnio tfarapE n HaqapcKe pe- 
6ejine av^l — 7 — bocahmah ecMO ca BABOMb b aoctouhomb 
BcpBocTBio; rAe le cbtb mbotbx aaaiBx poABTe.ui. 6pa- 

THR B3TBB8AB B ItpBL CBOK) EpOABAB. 

19* 



292 kmitiimkii norjiEA ha nrom.iocT cpba y jtapckoj 

„TaK0JKAe h ca,Ai> Ba HaMnoc/ieAHeMB pa-re roAnne 1716 
Ao 1718 ca TupKOBL iia BepHOCTH h homobh 6haw iccmo, hh- 
KorAa c iieBepneMB Heo6paTocMo ce; KaKO ce h naKb 
odehaBaMO kjchocth necapcKoii cBaKOH aoctowhoh BepHOcrn hh 
Baonx odnrro j\o Kam/ie kpbh Hame. 

A iieco paflH 'raitOBa BepHOCTB ot nacL noosseT ce, to 
HecTi. BepHocrL h a m a , mTO 6"hcmo caMO dpaHHJia 3e- 
vlajo nyiH rpaAOBe hjih cejia h nscrape, Bek to icct 
3a Bep« HaiiiK h 3aKOHB h npKBe Hame, ihto 6hcmo- 

8 MHp« 6EAE 3aKOHOML H HpKBaMB HafflHML, a HaH- 

nane no o6emTaHne ero Be-onacTBHici H3AaTH upe- 
B H Jl e 1} m ia , HH BHUie hh Maite. 

„A KaKO caAe bhah ce, to e i i8ahth ce, a^ ce HaM ho- 
BHHe homhhk), 8 Koe HHKaAB npecTaTH ce Hete KO- 
HanHo. H to HoniTe mhcihmo eAHaieo , a a HHe OBan no^e- 
TaK cot ero Be^H^iacTBa HMnepaTopa; ho cot Ap8m 
HH(})opMaTopa (Manapa). 

„3aTO caAe h ao noaae h Ba cerAa npenoHH3He h npe- 
HOKopHe npocHMo , mojihmo BacnxL o6dxto 3aKOHa rpnaHCKora 
npaBoc^iaBHH xphcthk\hh Majin , Be^iHKH Ba K8ne , a^ h 8 Ha- 
npeAt 8 THraHHH 68Aeio 8atHBaTH h a cbomb 3aK0H8 no ao- 
caAamHeM8 oonqaio ohth, h HHKaKOBa HOBHHa pceHai 
He BaBOAH hh Ha hpkobb hh Ha hho hto. EaKO h caMoe 
ero npecBeTJioe h AP^aBHeunie necapo KpayieBCKoe Be-omacTBO 

8 MHJIOCTHBHO H3AaTH HpeBe^el)HKI CBOHX K HaM HapOA8 Ha- 

meM8 AapoBano i«ctb, — Aa- 8 cbomb 3aK0H8 h Ka^ieHAaps 
CTapoM — h hhhx odnqaH d-iaronacTHii* BocTO i maro c^iodoAHO 

MOJKeMO JKHBHTH H 8MpeTH , H HHKaKOBa HaCH/lHIft 11 T8p6aHHe 
8 HpKBe HJIH 3aKOHb HH OT KOHXb A,& He« l IHHHTH ce , HHTH 
HOBHHa lipHMHTH XOBeMO HH HO eA^HB Ha^HHB. 

,,Ho mojihmo ce cBeTJiocTH necapcKOM H Kpa^eBCKOM Be^H- 
nacTB» , a^ 8 HanpeA He Aae HaM ce o3e6^or cpna Haraer. ■ — 

„IIpOCHMO, MOMMO Ca CBaKHM H0BH3He!imHMB pefflHeKTOMB 

h BepHocTHK HHKorAa H3MeHHTejiH0 Ka ero BHcoqaitmeMB n,e- 



KPHTH1KII nOr.'lEA HA nPOUI.lOCT CPBA V JrAPCKOJ 293 

capo KpajieBCKOMt BejiHiacTBHio ao HafinocjieAHeHine Kanyie 
odemTaBciMO ce cjwjkhth , Kano n ao ca^a no mojkhocth Ha- 

fflott hh Ba T iHMt He ^eHHJiH ce hh noTaon ecMo. 

3a Tyastfe 6h Hapefyeeo, Aa Tpn BpcHa ./inn,a ncTe Tyattfe 
npeweAe , h y H3BOAy cadopy caonniTe. 

Tpetfl je npeAMeT 0Be ceAHHiie 6ho hckh Mnpito H3 
neTpoBapaAHHCKor maHua (HoBora CaAa), kojh je 6no noBepe- 
hhk y KOMopcKHM ce^Hia daqKe atynaHHj'e. Oh je noAHeo 6ho 
B^iacTH Tyac(5y, h AOcraBHO npoHeBepe, nrro yHHHHine jfiyna- 
hhjckh hhhobhhhh y npnfinpaiby HOBaiia , paAHO H H3pa-AHO, 
Te cy hcth ocyljeHH Aa BpaTe 46.000 (})opHHTH. H JKa.an ce, 
KaKo cy ra Aa.te nomeHyTH qnHOBHHHH H3 decHote n ocBeie 
6au;HJiH y Mpa^Hy TaBHHiiy, Te te My, Kao nrro ce roBopn, 
M03BAa join n napenuy HaMeiHyTH. Catfop npecayma aHMtfy 
CBor cyHapoAHHKa, xe H3 cadopa y HMe n,e.aora HapoAa 
ynpaBe aohhc, KapAHHa^y ^aKH Kao MaljapcKOM 
KaHH.e./iapy, xaKO h atynaHnjn, npnAajyt CBenaHH 
npoiecT npeTH,OM, Aa te ane^OBaTH Ha iter. Be;i. n 
cadop 3aKTeBa, Aa ce peieHH MnpKo nycrn Ha cjio- 
tfoAy, a HapoA he 3a h> oAroBapaTH. 

M.Aom noc/iaHBHH H3 pa3HHX MecTa peEorae Ha to , Aa ce 

OHH, ERA Ce TaKO Ca HOCJiaHHKOM H nyHOMOtiHHEOM, 

nocTyna, HeMajy HHKaKO cbojhm Kytania BpataTH. 

3aTHM je roBopHO mhtpohojiht npoTHBy MHoroaieHCTBa, 
npenopyqyjytn , a^ ce CBaKH k.iohh Tora npecryna , HHane 
te My ce cyAHTH 3a Many. 

fa&JbQ 6h pemeHO, Aa ce H3 TypcKe npeinaBinH cBeniTeHUHH 
He npHMajy , h Aa hm ce CBeiirreHOAejcTBO He AOnycrH, 6e3 Ha- 
powror A03BOAeiba MBrponoMTOBa , h hoihto npeAXOAHO 6\,iv 
HCHHTaHH H OA06peHH. H Taj 3aKOH aohocii MHTpono.inT y npu- 
cycrBy uapcKor KOMecapa , h Be.iH , Aa te CTaBHTH cboj HajcBe- 
qaHHJn npoTecT npoTHBy ohhx , kojh 6h raj aaKOH npecTynon. 

Hero Taito upoTecryje npoTHBy OTMHiapa n omix , kojh 
ce ncrajHo h (5e3 SHa&a cBora AyxoBHor nacrapa, iliuth y 



294 KPHTiiiKii nor.iEA ha hpoih.ioct cpba y yrAPCTOJ 

TypcKoj BenqaBajy. Y jeAHO 3anoBeAe, a^ ce 6pa T mnHH Hiiajy 
TpnnyT HaBecTHTM. 

H to dn HapefyeHo y hctoj ceAHnun , j\a ce Ha rpotfoBe 
HeMehe Apyrn 3HaK, Bet caMO itpcr. 

IIotom ce jaBHo npo*iHTa npKBeHCKa HapeAda, Kojy je 
MHTponojHT npe Tpn roAHHe caqnHHO h napoAy 3a tfyAyhn 
npaBan, H3Aao , a HapoA je TaAa HenpHMHO. CaA H3 HOBa 3a- 
nnTa mhtpoho^ht , Hia a' ko KaKBe npHMe'rde yqHHHTH. Ako 
naK n HapoA — Kao hito ce oh He cyMita — npoHafye , a* 
ce cnoMeHyia HapeAda chaise h ca 6ojkhjhm h u,pKBeHHM 3a- 
KOHMa , to oh HniTe , a^ ce CBas no h>oj B^aAa. Ha hito ce 
jeAHorviacHO pe^eHa HapeAda de3 HKane npnaieTde OAodpn h 
npHMH. y HapeA^n toj roBopn ce : 

1. Ilpe BeHiaiba Ba^a motphth Ha cBe npKBeHe nponnce, 
a norjiaBHTO Ha ncnoBecT n npnqecT dpaHHHKa. 

2. 3a OHe, kojh es ctha-mbocth casio Hoky Mory npo- 
chth, Aa cBeheHCTBo npe CBera HapeAH, KaKO tie ce nodpn- 
HyTH 3a cnpoTHity, hito npocn oa KyLe ao Kyhe, h a& joj 

BSpaAH MH^OCTHfty. 

3. /I,a hhko He caie caM npaBHTH nocieAfter 3aBenrraH>a, 
ho a& Mopa npH3BaTH HeKO^HKO cBeAOKa na h jeAHor cBeke- 
HHKa. Hh jeAaH cbcaok, Aa ne ciie MHDMeftei HCTpiaBaTH 
npeA Apyror , a^ ra He cie OTepaTH , ho ^a h cBeTOBH>ann h 
cBemTeHHK ocTaBe oHOMe, kojh 3aBemTaH>e tohh, c/iodoAHy 
Bo.ty y cBeMy, hhth a^ ra Ha hito npHMopaBajy. Ko npo- 
thbho hhhh, Aa 6yAe KaffifteH. 

4. /I,a ce yKHHy A^Ke, ay iiecTO h>hx, Aa ce a^h no- 
moL cnpoTHftH, a y hpkbh a& ce o^HTa ./lHTypfynje. Ha no- 
c/ieTKy ocTane ce npn Aahn, aa' Aa Ha h>oj He dyAe HnniTa 
ochm nopde h jeAHor jeAHHor je.ia, h ^a hhko He cMe 
hohhth BHme oa Tpn name BHHa. 

5. OnaAa^n Bepe , nocTa, KpcTa, Kao n ohh , kojh ce He- 
HcnoBeAajy h He npn i iemhyjy, — a& HMajy aoIiH y 3aTBop. 



295 



KPHTinKU nor.iEA ha hpohmoct cpba j tiapckoj 

Ohh naK, Kojn 6n ce ycyAHJiH saiBop HapyniHTH, Aa ce pa A 
Aa.te KR3HH npeAaAY rpafaHCKOJ Macro. 

6 (heBH i ra 3A e, boa npemoM Tenme oatobophocth h 
Kasee, Aa cy aykhh cBOJe cnnoBe n Khepn (Koje ao jaKO 
hhcv ma^e npncryna y npoy) , wiyre MymKmbe i owajiy 
qew HeAeAOM h npasHHKGii Ha <foanjy cayata nffl-fcaTH. iw> 
6n ce naK y h. P kbh pasroBapao, A a 6y A e TaKO^e H-asaer, 
*y A n naK n aene no npBanmeM oda^ajy Aa ce ne .tyoe y 

npKBH. 

7. Aa ce cbh ohh ciporo K-asHe, kojh cBeiKyjy neraK, a 

paAe y HeAe&y. 

8. HeAeAOM h upasHHKOM nory MecapHnne n Gasa-amine 
oiBopene 6hth A o aerypWe; ocia^e npoAannnne A a ce xeK 
nocjie MTyp^nje oiBapajy. 

9. Aa ce y wMHTBOHe AaHe He AP^e 36o P obh y ohhithh- 
ckhm h BapomKHM KykaMa hahth y ceAHnuaiia. 

10. Aena Aa ce He Kpcie y npnBaTHHM KytaMa, Beh y 
Hpiffiana; a hh je A Ho Aexe Aa necMe Ay^e oa ocam A ana 
octrth HeKprnxeHO. Oxan hjih KyM, kojh oh obt sanoBecx 
npespniHO, Aa ce ciporo Ka3HH. 

y qeiBpTOJ ceAHnnn 26. Maja (6. JyHa). 

EpBO je oAroBopno HapoAy napciui KOMecap , KaKo ce oh 
H3 aKia, hito Mynx HapoA noAHeo Ha npowrane, noAnyHO 
cBemy HSBecTHO, AOAajykn, Aa oh o aothihhm lanKaua no- 
HOBAeiby M0^6y hht Moate noxBajiHTH hh npespem; jep KaA 
HapoA npHMera, Aa My je np B a MO^eHnna HepaAO npn- 
M .i>eHa, Bajta My ce 6ojain, Aa sap hh oBa noweAfta HeKe 
6hth oABeK MH^a. Y owajioM je H3Becno ne.*OM CBBTy 
nosHaro, Aa je cbbtah nap 6aar h mhaocthb, (!) Te Aa n 
HapoA MOJKe to AOKyqHTH thm npe, hito h>. nap. BejuraaHCTBO 
cbojhm noAaHnnaMa He OAysHMa (!) c/iodoAe mojihth my ce. 
Ho TOMe Aa ce n npociiTe.ui Mopajy nauiTHTH, KaKO Aa mi 
je MO-atfa Ha npaBAH H npaBHHH ocHOBana , n Aa ce y cBeny 
nasH noTnyHO noniTOBan>e h hohhbhoct. 



296 KPHTiiiKH nor^iEA ha iipohmoct cpiiA y viapckoj 

2. Y'lHiLeH je npeA^or , no KOMe Aa ce uiKo^e aaBeAy, 
pa/i,H Befce caaije 6oaije h cnaceiha j\ym ; a iiiKo^aaia je , Kao 
Ayuia -re^y, HyjKHa nrraMnapuja. Mhtpohojiht AOAaje, Aa 
je oh Tora paA0 napcKOM BojeHOM caBei'y no^neo cxo^fly 
M0^6eanij,y, ho #a ao Aasac neaia OAroBopa.') Ha naKO je 
TeniKO h c BeiiHKHM TpofflKOM cKonyaHO , CB6 na h Hajiiaifce 
6yKBapoBe H3 MocKBe Hapy^oara ; to je oh paA nyrn, nrra 
HapoA mhcjih, h eAa ah je no'rpe^HO nTTaMnapiijy no- 
AH3aiH? HapoA Ha to oAroBapa, Aa 6n Ba^a.io niTaMnapnjy 
3aBecTH , ho Aa caAa y toj CTBapn HeMoate HnniTa pemHTM. 

3. MHTponoMT HanoMHne, Aa oh, Kao ihto je TpomaH h 
do^ieni.T»HB ^ioBeK , MO^e Ha nyiy y Be i i ympeTH , s.a Aa he 
nnaK 3a to ao CBeT./iora uapa nohn, Aa My 0By MOJiCeHBHy 
noAHece. IIo3HaTO je — bqah, — Aa ce h>. h,. Be.iHqaHCTBO 
hh oa cyceAHM CHJia HeAa Ha ihto npHHyAHTH, ua thm Mai&e 
he ra HapoA npnuiopaTH, Aa My MOJidy ncnyHH. 3aTO 
HaM ra Ba.La CMepHOM npocdoM h moji6om 3a ce hphao6hth. 2 ) 

4. IIopaAH AOJaKoniH,Hx y HapoAHHM nocviOBHMa yroBopeHH 
AyroBa , njiahe n no'rpedHnx TponiKOBa , oko oko OBor TaKO 
h oko 6yAy&HX cadopa , — mAE mhtpohojiht , Aa ce oa- 
ajhe: oa KyAa he ce to hjuthth, KaKO he ce tpoihkobh 
noAMnpHBara , h eAa m. he hx HapoA , Kao hito je npaBeAHO 
Ha ce y3eTH? s ) 



l ) Join 3a 50 roAHHa nete <5hth OAroBopa, jep ce 3Ha^io, Aa je 
negaTBa MotHO cpeACTBo 3a noAiwaae npocBeTe, a MnjiocTnBa 
h OTa^iacKa ByiaAa ninyia Ha to Aa 3ar.iynn HapoA cpncKH. Kao 
ihto cmo BHAeyin HapoA je oceLajyt noTpeCy u KopncT nnaM- 
napaje, Ha CBHMa caCopnina HCEarae, ho My ByiaAa HHKaAa Hiije 
XTe^a ao3bo.mth. 3aniT0 ? Mh cmo tojihko nyTa Ka3ayiH y3poK 
toj 3a6paHH. 

s ) JaMaiHo 6n ce Bame nocrnryio CMepHHM yciaHKOM, Kao 
ihto cy motae HayiHTH oa Ma^apa, kojh cy opymjeM y pyn,n 
H3Hyl)aBa^in o^HHCKy mh/ioct cbojhx anocTo.iujcKnx Kpa^eBa. 

3 ) Mh cmo HaBcan TOAime cnnce, 113 kojhx ce bhah, Aa je HapoA 
Be^iHKe TpomKOBe 3a HapoAHe nocaoBe paAO noAMiipnBao. Ho 



KPOTU^KII IIOIMEA HA IIPOIII.10CT CPBA Y yrAPCKOJ 297 

5. Ha obo oaroBopn HapoA, Aa be ce aiet)y cooom ao- 

rOBOpHTH O THM HapOAHHM TpOIHKOBHia , H CBOJy OA-IYKJ* 

TOMe noAHeiH MHTponcaHTy. 

6. OceM Apyror noBe^a ce pe*i h o tomc , Aa iini-po- 
ho^ht He Morae hmrth HHRaKOBHx Apyrnx AoxoAao ocdm 
ramie, Koja My npnnaAa y iteroBoj AHJen,e3H. 

7. OtfehaBa HapoA — a xy ce ecann n cBefceHCTBO, — 
Aa he KaKo noMeHyin Ayr , 'faKO h xpomKOBe oko caAan>er 
na h oko dyAyknx cadopa, a TaKO hcto h njiaLme ABOjnue 
HapoAHHX ceKpeiapa Ba ce hpbmhth , npiMore lae^y codoai 
KynnTH, aKO caMO Aodaje aa to A03Boyiy oa ABopa. 

HnKo^a EonoBiiK, npoxa H3 PBaicKe BapaaiAHHCKor OKpyra, 
noAHOCH MO^deBHuy obom cadopy, m nepe ce oa KpBBHue , Aa 
je to6ojk 6yHy noAH3ao, MOJietiK noKopHO, Aa mhtpohoaht h 
HapoA nocpeAyje 3a h> koa BncoKe BJiaAe , Aa 611 ce Morao 
cbojoj nopOAHun a Kytn BpaTHTH. 

IIyHOMo}iHHB,H BapaatAHHCKor tjeHepaMTa npaBocaaBHora 
3aKOHa noAHOce cadopy M0.a6eHHB,y, nniTjkn , Aa ce y niae 
n,eJior HapoAa 3aMOAH n,apcEH abop , r re' Aa hm oAodpn jeAHor 
CBeheHDKa , koj'h fee u,pKBeHHM Ae.inaia ynpaB.baxn , a ohh Aa 
te CHaroM cbojhx npnBB7iet>Hrja oa MHTponojiHTa 3aBiicHTii. 

HapoA mo^h paAH 3JioiHHaD;a, Aa ce CBeheHHuniia A03- 
bojih, Aa Mory k ftHMa 0A-/ia3HTH, h to Ha jeAaH hjih ABa 
AaHa npe H3BpranBaH>a cMpiHe ocyAe, Aa hx 3a cmpT npe- 
npaBe h cBe r re TajHe y TaBHHHH o6aBe. 

^HTa ce Tymda jerapcfte npaBocaaBHe onniTHHC, a a dm 
TaMoniH>H ma^apcKH BjiaAHKa EpAeAH HeAa nonpaB- 
AaTH H>nxoBy TponiHy upKBy, ho Aa je niTa Bnme peoo, m a 
ra cranio 4000 ayicaTa pacrepahe pane 113 Jerpe. 



cy rocuoAa MiiTpono.niTu qecTO Te HapoAHe nape 3a cbojc .1114110 
iio'rpetfe Tpoimwii. A BiiAehemo, Aa tc sjiOKotfan Mirrpono.uiT 
BiihenTHje napoAHOM ipomicy 11 xycapcEe perHMeHTe noAHsaTii, 
Kao Aa ima'ie niije AocTa upiuoisao iq>itu eapOA cpncEM , cto- 
joliii lu'hiinoM iio,a opyjKjeM. 



298 KPHTII^KII IIOr.lEA HA III'Olll.lOi T CPBA Y yrAl'CKOJ 

MaHacrHp jieiiaBUHiKn TaKoljep dn hohobho CBojy y neyeM 
oua^y ii,pKBy, na je BeK h noi'pedny rpa^y 3a to npnnpeMno, 
ajin My y TOMe CMcra y KpnateBuj craHyjylin ijapcKH noiny- 

KOBHHK IIpainHHCKH , KaO Ca^aFLH 3aMeHHK KOMclHAaHTa. 

H3 BHine Mec/ra crnronie c/inime Tymde, Aa hm HeAaAy 
npeAV30MaTH HyatHux nonpaBaiu na HpKBaMa. 

^HTajy ce Tyatde nporaBy HeKnx 3aKynHno nopaAH He- 
npaBAe h oodjieifca , Koja noAaHHHHMa HaHerae. 

IJeo HapoA mojih Aa ce 3adpaHH napcKHM KaMepa^HHM hb> 
HOBHHii;uMa h c^yaiH're.iHMa Aa HapoAy He ncyjy Bepy, Kpcr, 
hoct h t. A- Kao djto th napcKH tohobhhhh Ha CBraa Me- 
CTHMa mine. 

y neTOj ceAHHn;H 27 Maja (7 JyHa) 1730 toa, Koja je 
(ma noc^eAH>a , Kao bito ce bhab H3 KOMecapoBor 3anHCHHKa, 
roBopeHO je : 

IIpBO. Kao bjto cy AojaKO ca npefyaniitHM MHipono^HTHMa 
CBarAa n noc/iaHHun rpafyaHCKora peAa y Be i i no./ia30JiH , TaKO 
HapoA mojih, Aa ce to h Aa.te A03B0.M. H no TOMe 

Apyro h noc/ieAH>e : npn 3aBmeTK,y OBora cadopa dn je- 
AHOMacHO 3aK.kyHeHO , Aa ce ca mhtpoho-ihtom Hornby y Be 1 ?: 
jeAaH o6opKaneTaH H3 C/iaBOHHJe , jeAaH KaneTaH H3 noTHCKe, 
H3 noMopHBJKe h jeAaH M3 cpdnjaHCKe rpaHHne. TaKO hcto H3 
CBaKe odjiacTH, Kao: YrapcKe, C/iaBOHnje , PBaTCKe h Te- 
MHmBapcKor BaHaTa oa CTpaHe npocTnx jeAflH noc/iaHHK, kojh 
te 3aK.i.yqKe h npocde , bito hx je HapoA Ha obom cadopy 
AOHeo, napy npeA^oMTn; a AOSBOJiy 3a to 3aKAyqMme moji- 

deHHHOM 3aHCKaTH. 

Ha obom npoTOKOJiy oa obhx neT ceAHHHa noAnncaM cy 
deorpaACKH rpaAcitn noAnyKOBHHK h n,apcKH KOMecap Ha ca- 
dopy EABapA TecjiHHr h mhtpohojiht Mojcnje IleTpoBHh. 

HaJ3HaTHHJn npeAMe r r Beha^a Ha obom cadopy dejame oHaj 
qecro noMeHyTH pecKpHHT oa 12 Anpnjia 1727 roA- Ho ohhm 
AOHHCHMa ByAHMana MHTpono^nra n OBora HapoAy, Koje cmo 
Majio npe Ha cbom Meciy caonnrrH./iH , MoateMO A03HaTH , y 



KPHTHHKH nOOEA HA IIPOni.lOCT CPBA y yrAPCKOJ 299 

KaKBOM je Ayxy t>no HanncaH OAroBop Hapo^a Ha noaieHyTH 
napcKH pecKpnET. 3HaM0, Aa je OHaj ko6hz pecKpani naiao 
ne.1 , Aa cpncKOM HapoAy y o*ih Kaate : Mh cmo BaM ao Aynie 
^eno nanncajiH Ha nepraieHy npHBH.ietjHJe , bh Cp6n BHAecie, 
Aa cmo Bai HaJBaiKHHJe Taqne y npnBHJie^njn yjeM^aHnx npaBa 
cdpnca^H, a caA BaM eBO jom jacHHje Ka3yjeMO, KaKo mh- 

CJ1HMO O THM BaniHM UpHBH^et)HJaMa , eBO H3 pecKpHHTa ao- 

3Hajeie Hame mhc.ih. 

MopaMO y noxBajiy MHTponojinTy Mojcnjy npn3HaTH, hito 
je oh oAcyAHO oa^ho noMeyin pecKpnnT, h HapoAy OAMax ja- 
bho 3a 0By onacHOCT. BHAejiH cmo Ha cbom Meciy, KaKO ce 
HapoA OAci3Bao MHTponojiHTy. H3 OHora KaKO cy ByAHMHH oa- 

TOBOpOH MHTpOHOJlHTy, H HO OHOM , IHTO je caM HapCKH KO- 

Mecap y cadopy H3roBopno, KaKO je aeroBO anocTO-in^KO Be- 
M^acTBO HOKa3a^o CBOJe HeroAOBaae, mro je HapoA y cbom 
oAroBopy Ha HaJMH^ocTHBHJn pecKpnnT oa6ho h Hnje 
npHMHO oho TaKo £>.aaroBo./iHTeyiHO TyManeite npnBH- 
jieljHJa, h hito je hcth KOMecap HapoAy npe()an,HO , Aa je 
HapoA y hctom nncMy cMeTHyo c yMa nomTOBaH>e , Koje je Ay- 
ataH oAaBaTH MHTpono^HTy, Kao iviaBH npoe : H3 CBera ce 
bhah, KaKO je HapoA Beta HeroAOBaaeM npHMHO pecKpnnT 
ho bjto je k'cap npHMHO OAroBop napoAa. Haj6o.te ce bhah 
HeroAOBaae HapoAa npoTHBy ncior pecKpnnra , hito je caM 
KOMecap y cbojhm 6e^emKaMa 3a6e^eiKHO , KaKO je HapoA Ha 
lteroBy onoMeHy OAroBopno: a a je HapoA cbom MHTpo- 
nojiHTy H3JaBHo HenoBepeite caMO 36or noMeHyie 
HapcKe napeA^e, Koje HAe y Haion HapoAHHM npn- 
BH^ietjHJaMa, a HapoA je Mopao ynncain y rpex mh- 
Tpono^HTy, Kao cbom nyHOMOhHHKy, 3acTyiiiini;y 11 
Kao TaKBOM, kojh je AVJKaii II CBOJOJ 3aK^ieTBH H 
no cbom uojioatajy, a a opnry bo ah CBeMy. in to ce 
Tnqe HapOAHiix npaBa. A c thm Bume Mopao ce HapoA 
y obom c.iyqajy nocyMn.a'ni MHTponoMiyj ibto ce HapoA 
HMJe HHKaA morao hh ii <> c y m n. a. r 11 , a a ce H.eroBO nap- 



300 KPHTH1EH HOME/I, HA III'OIIMOCT CPBA y yrAPCKOJ 

cko BcinqaHCTBo Hedn rra/LHO h HeHapymnBo Ap- 
majio npHBHAeljHja, hito hx jc npeMii^ocTHBo Ha- 
poAy AapoBa.no. 

Haj3aA bbahmo , Aa j e napoA h Ha catiopy oac} t aho npo- 

THBflH 6H0, — A'l JO OA^HO CBaKO KpHBO TyManen>e HapOAHHX 

npnBH./iel)HJa , n j\,u je y HapoiHTOJ hoboj M0./i6eHnnn , Koja 
je y -rpetioj ccahhuh npoiHiaHa, HapoA H3Janno cbom BJia- 
A«ouy ase^y, Aa ce HapoAHe npHBHyie^nje nonrryjy y ohoj 
Mepa , y Kojoj cy ohb cBojy BepHOcr napy nocBeAomin y 
CBaKO Ao6a , npo/inBajyhH CBojy KpBuj y OA^paan npecrojia 
nporBBy cnoymnx Henpnjaie.La , Kao h npoinBy 6}'htobhhx 
Mafyapa. 

JaAaH BapoA , joni Hnje hh TaAa A03Hao 3a OHaj AoroBop 
necapa ca Mafyapnaia oa toa- 1722, no Kosie ce Hiuao cn- 
CTeHaTMKH caipTH BapoA cpncKH. Jora nnje 6n./ia HapoAy no- 
3HaTa OHa rpo3Ha aspeKa ileono^AOBor MHHHCTpa CipaTMaHa: 
„Die Ratzische Nation muss vertilgt werden durch 
Feuer und Schwert." (CpncKH HapoA Mopa ce ncKopeHHTH 
BaTpoM n Ma^iei). 

OceM 6op6a 36or pecKpnnTa najsHaTHnje je 3aK.i>ynaK, 
Kojn je npnM.LeH y 3-oj ceAHnnn 36ok HeKora MnpKa Hobo- 
caljaHHHa , kojh je £>no noBepeHHK y komopckhm ce^nia Gaiue 
atynaHHje n i wan cpncKor cadopa , n Kao TaoB npoHamao 
3AoynoTpe6e h npoHeBepe napcKnx nHHOBHHKa , kojh cy ra 
caAa dannjiH y Mpa*ray TaBHnnj H3 ocBeTe, mio cy ocy- 
i>eHH a^ njiaie 46.000 <|jop. Oh ce aia^H cadopy h mojih 
y hcto Bpeie Aa ra cadop 3aniTHTH. H cadop ce y obom cjiy- 
najy AOcrojaH noKa3ao cBora BeMKor no3HBa, a& dpaHH y 
CBaKOM nojeAHHii,y noBpeAy HapOAHHX npaBa. Cadop y naie n,e- 
.aora HapoAa noma.ie npoiecT MafyapcKOM KaBneaapy KapAH- 
Hajiy rpo({)y ^aKn-jn, a TaKO hcto onpaBH npoiecT n oVikoj 
acynannjn , h npeTH>OM , Aa ne ane^OBara Ha caMor hecapa, 
3axTeBa , Aa ce peneHH MnpKO nycrn Ha c/io6oAy, a HapoA 
he 3a n. oAroBapaTH. Join je oa CTpaHe cadopa npHMeKeHO 



KpHTiiiKn nor.iEA ha nPOin.iocT cpba y yrAPCKOJ 301 

y bcthm npoTecTHiia, Aa ce ohh BHAeiin, itaKO ce ca itnxo- 
biim nociaenKOM n nyHOMOhHHKOM Tauo 6e3aKOHO norryna, cbo- 
jhm Eytama BpaxHTH HecMejy. 

Ha cBe OBe n jom Apyre HapoAHe upeMore y qeTBpTOJ 
ceAHHHH OAroBopno je uapcKn KOMecap obhm pe^Jia : Aa oh 
OBy noHOB.teHy moa6j hht Moate noxBajimn hh npe3pexH (!); 
jep Be^n , HapoA je Morao yBHAeTH , KaA My Hnje npnM.ieHa 
npBa H0.i6eHnii,a , Aa ce y HanpeA Mose HaAaTH , Aa h oBa 
Apyra Heke 6hth oABeti MH.ia. J[a,jbe Bern KOMecap : ne.ioM je 
CBeiy no3Haio , Aa je CBeT;iH n,ap 6akt h mh;iocthb , a Haj- 
MB"./iocTHBnje A03B<M>aBa Te iy ce HapoA mo^h , ho Aa r ra Mo.iua 
Mopa 6hth HanncaHa y HaJBeheM cTpaxouoniTOBaity a HaJBe- 

liOJ H0HH3H0CTH. 

OceM Tora je Ba^HO, dito je Ha cauopy roBopeHO o hiko- 
yiaaia n mTaMnapHJn. Ham je HapoA h obom npn^inKOM, Kao 
n Ha cBHMa npom./iHM cadopnMa noKa3ao cBojy jKe.ty Aa ce o 
HapoAHOM TpomKy noAHrHy nmo.ie h neqama. Ho cy Ma^ap- 
CKa rocnoAa ca t^eHepa^OM pemn.ia , Aa ce HapoA cpncKH ca- 
Tpe Mopa.iHO h MaiepHJa^HO. 3aio je KOMecap y HanpeA 3Hao, 
Aa cbh obh 3axTeBH ca6opcKH Heke (jhth oAodpemi oa tien- 
Kor ABopa. 

He Maite Mopa oaiajiocTHTn cBaKor nonrreHor noBeKa. KaA 
win acajidy jerapcKe npaBociaBHe onniTHHe, npoinBy cypo- 
Bor HaciLiHHKa MafyapcKor B.iaAHKe n Be^inKor atynaHa EpAe- 
AHJe , Kojn je y cbojoj oxojiocth Ka3ao, Aa he Te BaApaije 
npoTepain H3 Jerpe , Ma Aa Ha to no'rponm 4000 AyKaTa. 

Mn hesio mrao Aa.i>e onranpHo noKa3aTn n roBopiTH", KaKO 
je MatjapcKa xnjepapxnja cbhm HacnJiHHM cpeACTBHMa ronii.ia 
jerapcKe npaBOc/MBHe Cpde. 

Ho h H3 ocrajinx cBiijy KpajeBa, rAe Cpuii ;i;ni'>eme, 
npHAoni./ie cy cnaHe Tyatde npo'niBy cBeioBHC B.iarni u KaTO- 
.ihmkhx nonoBa Aa hm HeAOSBO.LaBajy upKBe rpa/unn na hh 
onpaB.Lai'n, n Aa hm KaMepa.niu i mHOBHnu,ii oceM Motfjiefta, 
join ncyjy Bepy, Kpcr, hoct h CBe uito je HapoAY cboto. 



302 KI'HTIIIKII HOr.lEA HA Dl'OUMOCT CPBA >' JTAPCKOJ 

Join ua^a3HM0 3a nyaiHO , Aa Ha obom Mecxy, r^e ce ro- 
Bopn o cBHMa ^e^HMa cpncKor HapoAa y Aycxpo-yrapcKOJ, 
mTo je uombhho oa cBoje ceode na ao AaHac, cBe nixo ce 
Ha cadopHMa paaiMO noAnyHO. BepHO n y ijeaoM npocxpaH- 
ciBy H3HeceM0 , c thm npe , ihto je OBa nponMOcx aycxpiijcKnx 
Cpda BeliHHOM dn;ia nenosHaxa. OceM xora npn3HajcM0 3a 
AyffiHOcx , Aa y noAnyHOJ cjihhh BepHO HaupxaMO nponuocx 
Hauinx npaoxana , Aa cijaKH kojh obo Hauie fleao npo^nxa, 
mxo BHme h uoAnyHHJe noyqn ce o nponMocxn oBor BeMKor 
h 3a Ayro HaJBaaiHHJer A^a cpncKor HapoAa. 

3axo OBAe HaBOAHMO Kao AonyHy cadopcKOM paay: „II8hkxh 
h (OxBixH HapoAHH Ha npeA^OKeHfl 25 nyHKxoBb jmxpono^nxa 
Movceix IlexpoBHtia 1730. Mana 30." 

Obo cy ohh nyHKLOBH h OAroBopa , Koje y HapoAHH no- 
c/iaHHip, no nncMy MHxpono^Hxa MojcHja oa 14- Maja 1730. 
roA- mxo cmo Bet caonmxHjiH , no iteroBOM 3aKxeBy, Aa hoa- 
Hecy h>hxob: „jeAHOMnca./iHH boxhmt/', h mxo Hajdo.te 
pacyAa, „cia HHcmeHO HaM Aa npeA^oainxe, 3a Aa./iffl» 
AeK^apaniy onrnxsio, e HXBpatAOHie Hame." 

H mxo je no ohom cbom HHCMy 3aKxeBao MHxpono.inx, eBO 
mxa My je HapoA OAroBOpio. 

„IIo npoeKXH npeocBenixeHenraaro rocnoAcxBa Bamero paAH 
25 H8HKX0BB , *ixo cxe mh^iocxhbho Ha pa3CHffiA6Hie cBex^ioi 
AenHxanm, G)x CBex^ora cadopa kmaowah ecMO Ha OBaKH 
Ha^HHt 3a Ao6po HamjiH , h hohh3ho BanieMH npeocBemxeHefi- 
meM« tochoacxbh ©xBecxnreMO. KaKO ho : 

Ha 1 hhhkx : 3a oonpaB.iraHira A^a h HapeAdax n Ha- 
cxaBjiKiHin, Aa hhhk\ qpe3b Hacb oAnpaBJircuomxiHX , Aa a 
npodnpawxt , leer jie Aodpo h.ih hh. 

1. 3a onpa-B^ema A^a , HapeAdaxb h HacxaB/ienia ao 
hhhx. *ipe3 npecocBemxeHeiimaro rocnoAcxBa Bamero i:\BcxBeHHO 
ynpaB^ramxa anpodnpaMO ; KaKOxn xoAaxaftcxBO , peBHOCx, na- 
mxaHie ijejio ecxb v\ naKH pe30jian,ie KaKOBe c« ncxoAH^ie 
npoxiBb npaBHuax'b Hamnxi, t© koa necapcite bmcxh npa- 



KPHTH1KH DOMEA HA IIPOIII./10CT CPBA y JTAPCKOJ 303 

BiL,a ce 3aApbffiaBa , 3a koi€ naKH mo^hmo Tpa^a n peBHocrn, 
KaKo 6hcmo nope/i,i> npaBinaxb Hamaxi) hoahsho n HeBpeAHMO 
cod^pbaiayii cr\ He nomTeAnxe cede. Mh ate naKH apxnepen, 

H E^epi> HpKOBHH , BOHHCTBeHH MHHb H HOMeCTHH peBHUBaTH 
HO A82KH0CTH l€AHH0K8HH0 XOheMO. 

Ha 2 hhhkt : 3a apxiepeficKH qnnb h ho peA» ceAame. 

2. KaKO Barae npeocBemTeHeHme rocnoACTBO ca^a Ha 
oboml ©nniTe HapoAHOMt reHepaAHOML ca6op8 ceAaHie apxie- 
peScKO speAHjio ecTb, TaKO h Aa npe()8AeTb. 

Ha 3 hhhkt : 3a kohchctophsm-l , KoaAroxopa , h Kacce , n 
(ot K«Aa 3a hx CT>Apb^aHie n 3a oonpaB^ieHie ©nniTe Ha- 
poAHaro A't^a; n cin 6 nepcoHa; iuro th HaMecxHHKi). 2 
K0H3Hyinapa , h 2 ceKpeiapa h npoTOKOyincia. 

3. ^Koaie HMtroniTe He cd6xoahmhio h«jKA» nan noTpe6» 
bo BciUKOie BpeMe npeA^araTH a«xobhom« C8A» , npomema, 
MO/iiema , n Ha cia c«Aa peraeHie , h ncnpaB.ieHie npHMain; 
TaKO BcaqecKH xpedHO ecTB koh3hctoph8mh Aa (teAex^; i ito 
HaaeataniTa c8tb apxienncKonaTB , a enncKHnn naKH bo cbo- 
hxt, enapxiaxi) ito HaA^eatnTb c8a« ahxobhomh ho 8peaiAe- 
Hiio npaBHjiHHX'L KaHOBOBT, Aa pascsatAema TBopex: a ito 
naKH enncKbnn 68A8tb pa3c»An^n , h He 3a AOCTa Ouaot' era 
BHAe^o cHAnMHMB , WHAa moth Ha K0H3HCT0pnBM8 apxienncKH- 
naicKH ane.inpaTH, hjiIth npH3HBaTH ce. A nopaAn KoaAio- 
TopcrBa Aa 6i ce BoiwuodaBHHMb Apxiepeoaib « creneHS hxt>, 
h a8KTopHT6T8 Henpec8JKAa./io H.ui naKH G>6n i iau HeHaBHAHO- 
cth , HHHia kor& npeneiia npoiHBHa cBexon hpkbh npaBOt.iau- 
hoh xpncTHaHcneii , MHoro ip8Aua jxl.nn lie 8MHHiua ce , 3a 
STO^iTH cin MeTeffit , Aodpo HaxoAHMO dbrrn , g>t HaxoA'tmTiix 
cm nepcoHa necTHaro oepa , koh 6h BpeAHOcriio n BcaKiiMb 
Ao6pono^8 i iieaib itoiero Bame npeocBeniTeHeiiiHe apxraacTHp- 
ctbo nsBo^icxe nocBeTiiin na euncKoncTBO de3 enapxie, koh 
bb apxienHCK8nin no HapeAdn npbKOBHora npaBHAHora poAa 
n a8xobho no.iojKeuiioi'a KaHOHa canoMaraTejiL ,v\ 68A©. H 
naKH, KaAb 6n koi& enapxia BpcMeinnn. Aora^aeMB BaAOBa 



304 KPHT1JHKII UOTAEfl, HA nPOIIIjlOCT CI'EA V JTAl'CKOJ 

ocrajia , /T,a oohh «pe i ieHM cauoMar.a'reJiHH eniicKKii'L , koh 6»- 
Aeib Ba tiixi. A'l'-ifixL noc/iyario (dhoh BaAOBoil enapxin, ea- 
CAeAumii, && dH^eiL , h Ha eroBo Mecro HHHaro BpeAHa n ao- 
croHHa H36paTH , n nocraBHTH, KaKo 6n noBacerAa canoMoatenie 
c.i«at68 Bamejis upeocBenrreHenineMH rocnoACTBH Morayib caBp- 
maBaTH. A npeocBenrreHH apxiepen , koh ecu ca cBe'roM upB- 
kbh bt> cBoeii enapxin Ha*ie./iHHMb nacrnpeaib HapeAELiH , Hena 

KB CBOHMb OBBaML H030p./lHB0CTb H (OBaCTBO CafMIOAaiOTb , aKO 

jih 6n naKH apxienncKHns no a-mhocth i L/ioBT>naHCKOH Kpanjo 
BpeaieHHo amde bb Be*mo npoMeHH^i ce , 3a He HBpeAHTH, hjihth 
npeiOAHunpaTn HapoA» cpncKOMH ot HnxoBa Be^nnacTBa ne- 
capcKaro HanMH^ocTHBeHrae H3AaTHMb , KaKO h h naparpatyn 
npHBH./ieria./iHH BBMennaeT ce „^a i€ BaMB c/io(5oaho mcikah BaMa 
no cboi€h c/ioCJonrriBH H3 Hapo/i,a i€3HKa pacn,iaHCKora nocra- 
apxienncKHna , Korera CBemieHnqacKH mhpckh MehH co6om H3- 
6ep«", TaKO Ha TOMe HaqHHS aiejiai€MO (Ba cboi€ Bpta) KaKO 
h j\o ca/i,B MHTponoyHTe h apxienncK^ne hoab B^acriio CBeT- 
jiaro pHMCKaro necapa H36paiH. A paAn aoxoakob'b h H3B 
Tora noipoiHKOBb cot k«a** 3a chxb caApbatame , aKO CBeMO 
n,ecapcK0 h Kpa^teBCKO BeyinqaHCTBo aohhcth , 6e3 cBaKora 
npoTHBJieflia KOMaHAe h g>t npoqnx B^aAaioniTHx cie Haie- 
peme caBaKHn;iii\TH , npBOie HaxoAnio Bact cia noipeooBama 
npoecanHTH, h TaKO no MorakiBB HapoACKOMH KaKO 6n Ta 
cyima bl n,e.aocTB cbod Aonma pacno.ioainin. Ako ae 6h naKH 
Te mhjiocth AonsniTeflia wt ero n,ecapcKaro Be^nqacTBia He- 
cnoAo6i;ii cr\ , AP«ro ^esapcTBO CBOHMb hmomb He Moazeiio no- 
cththhth, Hero caCiopHe HaxoAifflO ©t apxienncKHHCKHe eK- 
capxe no enapxiax^ enncKHHCKHXb , koh 6e noHwre./iHHM'b h 
ASmeBHHMb pa3JioroMb h noABHroiB mhiocthhb) npncadpeciH 
TaiiiTaxejiHO noTpHAHBinn ce momh, 3amT0 6e3 AonsniTema 
BjiaAaiofflTHXb He MoateMO hh icah« KpanHaps Ha .iiOAe no- 
pe3a'rn , k tomh naKH npeA.aarai€MO aoxoakc Bb apxienncKynin 
BpeMeHHTHM HauHHOMb AonaAaioniTH , KaKO npaBHua npnBi/ie- 
IjicKa HaM CKa3»eTB , Aa g>t ycanranxb apxiepea , TaKO n 6e3 



KPUTH1KH HOMEA HA nPOHLflOCT CPBA y TrAPCKOJ 305 

nOTOMKOBb HMHpaiomTHx c«niTaHii,ie Epe^aTH A- / lBffiaECB8l€T'b, 
h Apara aoxoaee, aso 6i ce gjtkha'b epeao6e.ie; c TaKnms 
cnoco6oMb ©Ba 3aKTeBaTe./iHara naaiepeBia KOETearipaTE cme- 

CA1AH eCMO. 

Ha 4 ehbkt: 3a ©mme caHmETe.iie HanieM» xo(|)ihtot8 
Aa ce HapeAeTt. 

4. 3a oonniTe c/iyatETe/iie npewcBemTeHenmaro rocnoACTBa 
Baraero, Kora Ea^eTe BpeAHa e BpbCTEa EOCASariTE ooc/iaHEi 
ce Ha apesKAeHie Bainero npeocBemTeHefimaro rocnoACTBa, e eo- 
peAt BpeAHOCTH c/iHat6« hmb ©TpeAETe. 

Ha 5 eshktb : /l,a EocTaBHie ^eeb epbkobhe. e HqEHo- 
B./ieme cBeniTeHOAeECTBa. 

5. Gate EocTaBETi era i iehh epbkobhoms, e HHEHOB/ieHiio 
CBemTeBOA'tiicTBia eo npeAaEiro cBeTexi aEocTo.i'b e eo smBS 
CBeTHxt ooTaEB Bacro^Baro foaroTiacTia eo ApeBHeais Haste 
EpKBe TVEEK0H8 . cie eciB E3odpaffieEiio . scpAHe JKe.iaiearb. 

Ha 6 E8HKT : HopaAE niKO-ib e ceainEapisaib. 

6. HaxoAEMO paAE EaspeAKa Ao6po ecib EoaiaBaTE ce 
Kano 6e A«EieBHa a^asl e rtviecHa ECEpaBi/ia ce , a EaKb <dt- 
K»Aa 6e te (})HEAaEia E3anLia oocaaHramo KaKO Ha 3 hhektb 

BBicaTa EOMOIKeBia E3braBJH0K)T , b. 

Ha 7 ehbkt : 3a TUEorpaifiibo , e Epo^iara kl tomb Eajie- 
atamTera roBopETE. 

7. lz\KoaKe KoeroatAO xHAoatacTBO se MOffiei noKasanr ce 
6e3T) EoipedBHxi, ei» copsAiE, r raKo HEJKe HHefliio 6e3b teeo- 
rpa(J)iE moeiteo ecTb 6ete , e got cero He Maximo ehjkah EMe- 
i€Mb, e aniTe 6e Eec. Be^iEyaECTBo me^octebho E3Bo^ui cie 
HapoA** HaweniH A^poBaTE, eaie 6biTE TVEorpaiftiB , 3a h;l\t,ii- 
BeBie TpoiHKa Ha 3 ehbkt npHCH^ai€T ce. 

Ha 8 ehbkt : PaAE eobe pe3EAeHEia , EaKO AOKOHaTO 
npoEi^EXb yi'liTax-b, oocTaEeT yii era dimi t;iko ? paflH rponiEa 
EaKO MHcaiTe, e ecre ah Bami. eobo.iho? 

8. HopaAE pesiAeEuie bjaemo, Aa -^botho e HapoA» ae'uio 
h 3a EocfleAaK/b cot *ieAb Baiimxi. cnoMeHB, ,i,;t 6i ce CBp- 

r.nrimic xxxvm. 20 



306 kphthikh nor.iEA ha nponuocT cpea y yrAPCEOJ 

mi^a h fflnpaBMa , h xaKO (jhbbih noxBajia wnnrre HapoAHia, 
a Hanna«ie 6ro apxinacxnpcxBO Ao6pn no i iexaKb h (frdHAa- 
MeHT nocraBH^ ecxb, TaKOBaro pa^H xponma, oko a Barae 
no./ioaieHOM8 3 iikbkts BaMenrreHo ecxb , kl ceM» 3Aamio npn- 
jaraeMO. 

Ha 9 iishkt : 3a h8hkxh , bito cmo Bani naca^ ; Tro mh- 
c/iixe 3a gobo wxroBapaxn ? KaKO bh BaMb cia h8hkxh ho- 
Ka38K)T cm? 

9. Ha ciii nHHKTL , 8 5 npoBHHnjaxb HaM nsAaxnxb , ©x- 
Bei8i€M0. KaKo th H8BKT 1. 6cxe Haiib cBeTjio necapcKo Beyin- 
qaBCTBo 8 mhjiocthbho H3Aaxnxb npHBH./iehjaxb Hamnxb napa- 
rpa(|mo nociaBUJO , Aa KaA i€ noxpeda BapoA8 caBaK8ni r ri ce 
Ha Ba36paHi€HO ecTb; xrko h caA i€ahho ahbxho He qpe3x> 
HeKOjiHKO Aen8TaiOBb (DXBexoBaxn , Hero cadopHO G>nmxiMX> 
npoMHBJjieHieMb AoroBapaxi ce, n ©xroBapaxn nopeA npaBi- 
naxb Hamnxb. Tano 6e3 cadopa hh <oco6ixn neqaxn nojioarixH 
ce Morsxb. 

EopaAH rocnoAHHa Itt>3e(^a lz\M6peK0Bi i ia ') aaKxeBame 2. 
HepBere a^ 68Aexb rocnoAb Jcocm}) ft*M()peKOBi*i hjih ohb hjih 
naKi AP«rn; Aa HMa Bacn,e./io HapoA8 HaraeM8 KpenKH lopa- 
MeHXb nocxaBixH , KaKO te npaBO n BepHO HapoAHia A^a npn 
necapcKOMb ABop8 ©upaB^mxH , Kano ce h caMb wdiiirHpao , h 
naKH npoxHBHHKOMb npaBinaxb Hamnxb 8 hhhh A^e 
He npncpaxnxn ce hhxh ropaMesxa no-ioarixn, a KaKO pa38- 
Mei€MO , Aa i€ Betib c«npoxb KOHxpaKxa h G>6.iHrai],ie cboi« 
81hhho, a^n 8 HanpeAaKx. Hefta 6n ©cxaBio, xorAa rcvKOJKe 
OHb, b./ih AP»rn naKi (Shbhih, H3BecxaHb A^Ab HapoAHbixx>, 
HMexn ce d8Aexb hoa HMeHOMb afyeHxa onraxe HapoAHaro, a 
nam 3a eroB8 HyiaKs , KaKO C8 ce 5 enicKwna h 1€ahh apxn- 
MaHApnxb noAbHHca./ii h c ne i iaxn cbohmh noxBpbAMH 700 
(pop. Aa ce Ha roAiHa KOHxeHxipa , Ha xo & HapoAb npecxaie 



*) OBaj Jocn<J) JajiCpeKOBnt Beb. OASBea je Bpmuo ay^hoct Hapc-A- 
hop afyeHTa koa 6eqKor ABopa, n HapoA ra je HOBiaHO uoAnoMa- 
rao no Bpe>ieHo, a caA My ypeKOiue CTa./my roAmnay n.iaTy. 



ItPHTHHKH II0IV1EA HA DPOIIMOCT CPBA S yrAPCKOJ 307 

a hrkh (DTKHAa te Ta njiaha hi«mh H3ahH, ©c^iaHiix ce Ha 

TpeliH HHHKTb. 

3. Sahhb apxienncKHnL bl ijejiofl ApataBe ii.ec. h Kp. ero 
Be;iH i iaHCTBa rpqacKaro 3aK0Ha BacroHHe npbKBeAa ecrb i«AHHa 
apxienncKsnia , 6e./iHrpaACKa Aa HMeHsei' cm , aboi€ HHKaKO&e. 

3a oVikh hhtl n TpomaKb Bainer npeocBemTeflora ro- 
cnoACTBa. 

4. 3a npeocBefflTeHeflmaro rocnoACTBa Baniero npe&HH 
hht 6evm , TaKo h » Hanpe^aK Koi 6»Ae nopeAb ©Hurre Ha- 
poAHaro flijia xpoinaKT) , Ba TperieMb hhhkth pa38MeiCT ce. 

IIopaAH pe3iAeHn,ie bb Be^inrpaAe , KOHsncTopia u mKOiib, 
h npn en ceMHHapiHMb h noi'pediTH BeniTH nonpaBHTH , Ha 3 

HHHKTB HaC^aHWMO. 

Ha 10 hhhktb; /J,a 8crpoeT ce ueAy-fli no cbhxt, enap- 
xiaxi> qpeai npoTononoB'b 3a ncnoBeAame , h Kpoaie neA^i Aa 

HHKTOffie HHKOrO ApB3Hei"b BeH^aTH. 

10. /l,o6po ecTb h noAo6ai€Tb ceias ohth. 

Ha 11 hhhkt: ^ecfi) paAH KaneiaHH h ©6pi» KHe- 

30BH MH3MH Ba3HMaK)Tb 3a AOBOW^Kb HAaA^H? 

11. To ot hhhb npeceKai€T ce, h KOHanno Aa He 68Ae r rb. 
Ha 1 2 hhhkt : /l,HX0BHiHH HeA»^in Aa H3AaK)Tb ncnoBe- 

AawmTHM ce , h KpoMe cnxb HeAonHcriTH hhkomh npinecTimi 
cm, h to Aa 6»AOTb bo cbhx euapxiaxi. 

12. Ciif. (jjiaro-aeiiHo em, n noAo6ai€T ceMH 6hth ho 
speatAeHiio. 

Ha 13 hhhkt: tfqHHOB./iieHie eeko cmo Hate h nocTaBiai, 
paAH o/vhraHia paBHo Hocera'raro, Aa hhkomh kohih./iki He 
acMO'rpHT cm, hh ita^oeps Hnme cBenrreHiKH. 

12. Ciie siniHOB^eHie qacTHOJienHO ecTL h aenoTCBBiCTB 
i€M« TaKo 6mth bo upi.KBH , bo catiopt. , bo nsrhxi. II BO 
rpaAe; bo ho./ickom rae A^aimiH n Ba BH«TpeHHOM'i» aomob- 

HOMb IdKOSKe K0MH HpH.IH'lUT cm. 

Ha 14 nb'HKr: Pera^aMenTi. nHo.uimipani aojisho, l ieco 
paAH He ©dAepataBaieT ce. 



308 BPUTIl'lKII IIOME/1, HA. nPOIIUOCT CPBA V JTAPCBOJ 

14. "Km cie CBpnm.io ce Ha reHepajiHOMb caAaumHiMb 
catfops. 

Ha 1 5 ushkt : 3a npaByieme KpecroBb no rpofawo 6e3- 

HHHHO. 

15. /l,a He (Jwrh 8 HanpeAaia (Je3inH0, Hero EpecTB 
t ihhobho fl,a, ce npaBH n Ha rpo6^i€ nociaBH. 

Ha 16 H8HKT : 3apaAH BaMnapoBi npeA^araii ce HaA-fle- 
ffiHT, k tomh TaKOBara HeAe./iaK)T ce. 

16. Cie npe6e33aKOHHoe a^o aHa-e-eMow Aa 3anpeTHT ce, 
a npec/iHnminn necapcK0M8 c»a« Aa npeAaAHT ce. 

Ha 17 k«hkt: 3a areHTa Ksxa npe'reH3ie. 

17. Ho H3AepaHiio KOHTpaKTa Aa ms ce no^oaKe 100 p,j- 
KaTa, h to caMO 3a He HMaxn HenpnitU'e.arci. 

Ha 18 hshkt: 3a odhhith AO-flrt HaMb npeA^oatHTH. 

18. Ha 3 H8HKTB ©TCHJiaieT ce. 

Ha 19 H8HKT : 3a AeceTKOBb no Ma^apcKoi n CpeMCKoi 
cin AeceiKOB'b. 

19. Ako ero CBeT/io nee. Be^nnaHCTBo npaBine Hame n 
npHBK/ierie KOHanHO o6ApJKaBa r rn xoke , npHAo6rraKb TpaaiTH 

XObeiO , H HeOCTa^llATH. 

Ha 20 hshkt: PaAn J\?lav\ H3BeinTeHO icctl, Kano CTa^io 
ce n nxo nmax tbophth ce. 

20. Mn © HnHtmHieMb cacToramn /l,a.m . KaKO ecTb cBpb- 
meHaro n3Becria He HiieiCMb , codane anne ecTb bo G>co6./iiBon 
AayicKoi naieHTH B-BqHe AapoBaHb , noAo6ai€T npocnra cot cBeT- 
.lora necapcKora Asopa Aa hotbpaht ce b^ho 6hth. 

Ha 21 u8hkt: Mecio, rAt A^a n npHBn^ierie 
(oniu're HapoAHnx tbpao coxpaHi-ra 6hth hmht. 

21. /^a ce ot nnHOBb no 3 nepcoHe pa38MHe H3- 
6ep», h (Her npoMOTpeHie HTinHe, KaKO coxpaHHTH 
ce xoniTHTi) BepHo n tbpao. 

Ha 22 hshkt : 3a 6eiKHK> n,pKOBb apxnepen *ito cb A,.mni 
Aa nojoatieTt . n 3a Ap^roie Aa npoMOTpni ce. 



kphthhkh nor.iEA ha npofflyioci' cpba y yrAPCKoy 309 

22. 3a cie EOAo6ai€T Aa ©t cbex cipaEb kheee bb Beqt 
npnxoAeniTH , no npe/vfe.iax EAeate com xIbbtb , BapeAeT ena- 
Tpone; a^- nacroi€Tb 3a noMomT e HaKpbjLieme. 

Ha 23 ehbkt : 3a neKCKaro naipiapxa npenop»K». 

23. He 3Haiio KaKOBa i€ ; aKO .li ecrb ©r eomoeite , enne 
©t 1713') ^Ta hhxob MJiOBeKb eaete noc/iaEEKTb no BacerAa 
Ba cex-b CTpaHaxi EaxoAM ce, e.aiKO moivie ceo eomoeitb- 
CTBOBaTH, hhcmo »KpaTH./in ce , TaKO h 8 HanpeAaEi Korero 
npHM^Ha nocaaTH 68A8tb , HeteMo ce B036paBiTE. 

Ha 24 ehhkt : 3a nscTane , Tro bo MaHacripe npnxoAeT, 

E BITeTH IHHeT. 

24. TaKBa nucTaHCKa 6e3qEEia cot noieiKa cBeia eca re 
HaxoAi^a e ©(Spermi ce , 3jiomb cMp-riio ec« ce Ka3BE.iE , 3aio 
CBeia npKBa cb oeTBOio , a BOBECTaBBE co ©cTajiiME cBeT- 
ckjmh jiioamh co ©psarieMB , rAe Kora Moase ©tfpecrH 3a nc- 
KopeHieHie xaKOBixt syioqEBEOB-B xoKeMO HCTaTii . a nann 

©MaCBTE, E EOAb KJieTB8 SqiHiTH ©Be, KOE 3HHA8 BEBft 

Epe6EBajiiinTa , a Be reaxs. 

Ha 25 eshkt: KaMapa no eicciieAinaxi cboex'b ecrb 8me- 
EEJia, Aa (>8A8ti> saraE ./iwae Kao b ©c'ra,/iB i©6ahn. 2 ) Me 
naKE EMaMO cboic npaBiue e npEBijierie, fl,n. kseIte 
b EpoAaBaiB aac xepraoBTE Be motstl. 

25. HIto CBeTJia saiiapa uecapcica eo eKcneAHuiaxi cboex 
8qEBiyia ecrb , Aa 68Ae HapoAi naaib , Koi C8 doai> cnazjMJ- 
komi> , KaKOTE i©6atjE. Me EopeA'B npiBiaeljia BamEX'b cToiMO 
e ©rroBapaMo ce, a^ RaKO Hic8 HraaAap i©6aljn ue.ie , raKO 
H caAb npomeHie 8me;ii€bo koa ero CBe'iviaro necapcKora bciii- 
MaHCTBa 'ibbemo , fl,n 6u EUh cBe'ME B,ecapcKB abopb i©(>al)e 
Be 8inmio." 



1 ) y 6yAHMCK0M apxiinv nua cmic oa 1656 roA- 113 uora ce bb mi. 
Aa cy join T.iAa na n paiinje .i,<>.ia.tii.iii iKtciaininu naTpajapxa 
jepycajuiMCKor paAii Mii.uH-niH.e, y uoMeHyTOM cnncy tfjiaroAapa 
narpujapx na yimteiioj mh.ioctii, uojy cy bc.iii n ycanuiii CTapa 
naiiioj jepyca.flHMCK.oj upkbii miiilh.i ii. 

2 ) Idx'ial). = Jobagy = caaJHHCKH do uiimiui u.in myjkuuu. 



310 KPHTHIKH nor^lEA HA IIP0III./10CT CPBA V' yrAPCKOJ 

Ho^nHcaHH „Mh apxiepen ci> ©ci'ajHM oepoaib , w6p- 
KaneTaHH cb docrayiBM BOHHCTBeHHMb h noMecrHHMb . Bb ce Ha- 

pOAHH ACnSTaTH." 

H3 KOMecapoBa 3aiiHCHHKa saKAyiH^M 6a , Aa je cadop ca 
ropibHM npeA^03HMa y ceAaM ceAHHua cBpmno cboj paA. Ho 
mh HMimo , aKO He BOAa-me iHibeHHM npeA^03HMa , &a ao- 
Ka3e Aa je cadop Meceua JyHa h Jy^ia Ha CEyny oho. IHra 
je CBe 3a obo Bpeiae paAno cadop , to 3a caAa HeMoaieMO 
noy3AaHo Ka3aTH , aok h 3a to Aooa noAaiKe He Ha^emo. Ho 
je BepoBaTHO, Aa je cadop cboj npBH paA, a HOMaBHTO oa- 
roBop Ha napeB pecKpHHT npeAao uapcKOM KOMecapy, kojh je 
oneT npai'Ho y Be 1 ! ABopy h cbojoj basl^e Ha penieibe. A ao 
pemeiba B^aAHHor o6hiho je cadop Mopao *ieKaTH KaA hito ho 
ABa h Tpa mecena, AaHrydekn h y3a.iyAH0 TpometiH HapoAHe 
nape. TaKo je jaMa^HO h caAa cadop TiaMHO y BeorpaAy ye- 
KajytH ABa Mecen,a Ha mh^octhbo pemeibe HaJMH^ocTHBHJer ro- 
cnoAapa , kojh je odnqHO noc/ie TaKBor Ayro'rpaJHor *ieKaH>a 
HapoAHe 3aKTeBe OAOHJao , y KHTibacTnai (|)pa3aMa (H3JaB;byjyiiH 
KaKO ce H>eroBO B^aAa^a^KO cpne Ayro KO^ieda^o, aok 
ce pemHJio, Aa HencnyHH HapoAHe ate^e. 

Ho H3 HHCMa ^yAHMCKHX noc^iaHHKa oa 20 Jy^ia bhamo, 
Aa je 3a BpeMe cadopa nocTOJa^ia Heo &eHepa./icKa KOMncnja. 
Koja je HMajia Taj 3aAa r raK , Aa npeTpeca cpncKe HapoAHe no- 
c/iOBe. Kao hito Ka3yjy y noaieHyTOM HHCMy : 

H hobo, hito ce Hasib 3ano i iiHe, cBe ce to Tnie npeBe- 
JiekncKe mTeTe, a h 3aK0HH HanieMS bhah ce cpAne 03 e- 
(UeHo. A c»Tpa ceAa ^eHepa^cKa komhchr, bhah- 
feeMo, ihto he 6hth h KaKBa HOBHHa no^eTH ce 6vfl,e. 

„A hobo paA dn ce BaMb noxBa^iHTH 3a KOHrpec hm ca- 
dop. CBaKH AaHb no cede caBaK»n./ii!\BaMO ce no cede 
CBeTOBHn, e jiMaMO AOCTa mhcjih, Koe ce cacBHiB He- 
CMeMO hh no^TeHO hh Hanojuo pa3roBopnTH, nonrro 
c» mhoth mBCTBeHO n no coKaKH Hapel^eHH npeciyin- 
nnnn, Aa no3opcTB8H)Tb Ha npeBapH^eHe n ot crpaHe 



KPHTHIKtf HOrAEA HA IIP0IU./10CT CPBA Y yrAPCKOJ 311 

noc^iaHe H./ieHHnoTeHH.nRjie, mTO n © hhm^ nomel)8 
HaM 6eceAa xoah h cieAn, Koe Ham i€ctb h cot cia- 
pflH HamH 3anoBei)eHO. 

„CaMO npBo A^Ha noie^n ecMO » abop« Hafinpe c rocno- 

^HHOM MHTponOJIHTOML Ca6opb qHHHTH. H l€CTL HaCL 6EAO 8 

ca6op» B^a,a,HKa — 9 — xpn apxniaHApHTa , nraMeHa, npo- 
nrsMeHa , nporonona 44 nepcoHa , saeAHO ca apxnepen h 
apxHiiaHApnTM caaia — 56 — ; BOHHCTBeHH — 5 — otfpt 
KanHiaHH, h — 13 — KanirraHH ca xa^Ha^H n dapraKTepn, 

H MH KOJH CMO A,eCEAR Ce Ca CB6T0BHH — 92. — — — — * 

Met>y thm 6nLe y3poK tom A<iHry6H0M catfopncaay h do.ieci 
MHTpono^HTa Mojcnja , kojh je jora 27-or Maja y qeTBpTOJ 
ceAHMii,H o ce6n Ka3ao, a& je TpomaH h 6oAaH, n a& 6h na 
nyiy y Beq Morao yMpen. BnAniieMo, Aa je MHiponoyiHT 
oceTHo h npeBHAeo cBojy CKOpy casipx , jep je oAHCTa Ha 
CKopo 27. Jyjia yMpto. 

Ilpe cBoje caipTH, no3Bao je 6omh h onex o HapoAHHM 
nocaoBHia MiciehH MH'rponoMT, h Kao 6pnaiaH oxau; CBoje 
cHHOBe, CBojy Aeny ni'fo npnitynTLa, xaKO je h OBaj qecTHTH 
MHTpono^iHT npHKynno oko CBoje campiae nocTe.te cadopcKe 
nociaHHKe h (Maro hx cBeTyjytn npenopyqyje hm, a& CBojy 
Bepy — HapoAHOcr h HapoAHa npaBa , Kao 3eHmi,y y OKy qy- 
Bajy h oa cBaKora HanaAa 6paHe. H yimpytiHM MacoM npe- 
nopyqno je cadopy Kao cBera aMaHeT, a& nocae H>erose ca- 
mpTH H3depy 3a aAMHHHCTpa'ropa a no3Hnje h 3a MHTponoJiHTa 
h H>eroBa HacfteAHiraa qecrHTor BJiaAHKy TeMnmBapcKor Hu- 
KOyiy /l,HMHTpHJeBHha , Kao HaJAOcroJHHJer twaHa cpncKe xh- 
jepapxnje. 

HMa ah ysopHTHJer h n^esieHHTHJer upimepa 3a mime ca- 
Aatfce h 6yAyke Hpoene raaBape, oa OBora, mro hm npeA 
oqn H3HecocMO , rAe HapoAiin npecTaBHHHH .tydaB.Ly n ayoo- 
khm noniTOBaH>eM onpyxaBajy cBor qecnrror npKBeHor CTape- 
niHHy Ha iteroBoj caaipiHoj nocre^H , na3e Ha cBaiiy peq Ha 
CBaKH MyApH caBeT yMHpyher AyxoBHor oua, h camn AydoKo 



312 KPHTH'IKH nOMEA UA nPOlllJlOCT CPBA y yrAPCKOJ 

noTpeceHH a npHTOM 6pHauiH , nrra he hm AOHein n Haj6./iHa;a 
oyAyhnocT. Ca ohhm hcthm qyBCTBOM .i>y6aBn n nomTOBaH>a, 
kojhm je 3a MBOTa ^ecraTa MHipono^HTa o^aH 6vlo , npaTH 
CbaroAapaH HapoA noc/ieAH>e TpeHyTKe h y3AHcaje CBor ao- 
opor yMHpajytier CTapemnne. 

H HapoA je cpncKH aoctojho Hcnpaiflo caMpTHe ociaiKe 
OBora jeAHHCTBeHor ijpKBeHor norjiaBapa , H3 CBnjy Kpajesa 
npaTHnie cpncKe onniTHHe Hapowre noc/iaHHKe, Aa ca cbojhm 
cadopHHM nocjiaHHBHMa ncnpaTe cboi 1 Ao6por ona ao iteroBa 
rpo6a. MnTponoiiHT Mojcnje 6e capaaeH cBe^aHo y 6eorpaA- 
ckoj KaTeApa^Hoj Hpon , Kojy oh OAno^e rpaAHTH , a no3Hnje, 
noniTO oneT HaBaMme Typnn Ha cpncKe KpajeBe, npeHemeHo 
oyAe Te^io MojcijeBO 1739. roA- y MaHacrap KpymeAO^i. 



PA4H.A cpnc^or y^EHor 
4pyuiTBA. 

CacTanaK o A ce K a HCTopn^Kor h AprcaBHHUKor. 
13. Jawyapa 1873. 

Bui cy: npe A ceABnK OAceua r. Ct. BonmoBn* , wanoBn: 
r.r. J. Dla*apnK, apx. Ay™*. M. TB. Mi^teBil.. B.i. JoiaHOBut. 
TaB. BniKOBnt, M. PaKoh n M. 3eieBit. 

1. 

HpoHuxa ce zwwmm pe*epax rr. M. "B. MuHheBnia n 
apx. AyiH^a o uaHKy r. MH.ana Kocxnta „UlKO.e y Upnoj 
ropn«. A ce K oAJyu no MBmAeiby rr. pecfrepenaxa A a ce none- 
Hyin uanaK r. Kocxnta He Home npuMuxu y JTjacHK aok ce 
He <fo npepaAuciiAa ce r. nncuy caonmxe n P HMe A 6e h-uxobc 

2. 
npoinxa ce ii^emxaj AP-a H. Kpcxnha o aeroBy uyxo- 
Baay no Yrapcicoj pa A B U cxpaKnBaH>a ycTopojcae rpa^e j rio-e 

jaB ia APymxBy, A a ce apxnB Tapun, y aoie HMa uoAaxaua a 
J c P nc K y nUiy, « y a P xu B y rpo*o-Ba Soja-YrpoAB .ho A a 
ra oh 36or Hennx yspoua HHJe norao nper.ie A aTii. -- Oacbk yse 

xo k 3Haay. 

3. 

r J. MaAapuK Epe^oaii °Aceay, Aa ce ni>e A raaBBa rajn 
oBoroA...,,,,,, uauece npeAAor o tomc Aa w» *»»■ -W 
m oa6, baaau P»ab »OB„u,e.a uOB,auo »•*■. Kojy -^ 
o A A p*aBe. - Oacck OAAJ™ Aa ce oba, npeA.or r. Obfrfai 

H3Hece npeA o A Gop. 

4. 

npeAceAHmt oACdta t. Or. BonraoBHt, BpeMOM, aa fa ipe- 
«»ao Aa ua raaeuoM c K ,uy APynrcBe B o« nopeA otaon mm 
„« ae reA »a ™aHO». «oj, aaj™, paopa., , *o P Ma 

SceeAC saao «.. ce T.iMe 6yA.ua na«*a y nytaae, Te Aa je .e 



314 i'AAH>A cpncKor yqEiior avyuitux 

BeliMa Tine APyuiTBeii paA- H APym "wauoBii roBopeme o TOMe, 
a rr. apx. /l,yiiih h Byi. JoBaHOBHt pas.iarawe, Aa <5h rpeCa^o 
Aa ii cacxauuH OAceita APynTBeHiix 6yAy Biiuie npHcxynuii iiy0.inn,a 
ir Aa ce na BbiiMa imajy a npeipecajy HjiaHua uayHHa. — Oa- 
ceK oA^iyin Aa ce obo caonaiTB ociayiaM OAceaaivia. 

5. 
Ho upeA^iory rr. I'aB. BuTKOBiita, Bji. JoBanoBiiLa a Ct. 
EoiiiKOBHka OAceK oA-iyia Aa npeA-ioatu ryiaBHOM cKyny obo ro- 
A"uiH>eM 3a noiJCHor y^iaHa cpu. yjenor APymTBa apaBoc/iaBHor 
jenncKona GyAaiicKor, r. ApceHuja CiojicoBuLa. 

6. 
IIo ii3JaB/beHoj jKe./bii AocaAaaiaer Ae^ioBoi^a y obom OAceicy, 
M. 3eieBatia, Aa ra Apyra ko oa i.aaHOBa 3aaieuu y toj AyJKao- 
cth, OAceK H3a6pa aiecTo H>era sa cBojer ACioBol^a M. PaKuLa. 



CacTaHaK oAceica jecTacTBeHo-MaTearaTH^apcKor. 

19. Janyapa 1873. 

Bn^iii cy: rr. JocanoBak, AjiKOBut, IlaHiih, Kjiepab, B^aAaH 
liop^eBHti, Ba/ieHTa, Hamnik, MeAOBuL a ,4pararaeBBh. 

1. 
IIoAHemeHa je: „JeAHa MaieMaTaiKa CTyAiija o HaaoHaaia", 
Kojy je H3paAHO BeyiHMHp AhtbL no^uTexmiiap y Kap/icpyxy, h 
npnMHiiie ce Aa je nper^ieAe rr. A^KOBiit, EaHHt, K.iepaL 

2. 
PeAOBHH x iyiaH APyaiTBa r. K^epnli hoahoch APyuiTBy cboj 
cacTaB: „KaHeMaTaiKa npooOieMB ' , — OAceK oApeAii rr. Joca- 
MOButa h Heaiaha Aa npeivieAe a oaeHe. 

3. 
noAHeuieH je npeBOA r. AyieKce PaAOBaHOBuLa: „EIpapoAHa 
HCTopaja nocTaaa" oa Xetma, a OAceK, no aocrojehoj oA-flyaa 
cbojoj o TaKBHM apeBOABMa, peniaBa, Aa He Mosse bphmhtu. 

4. 

Ca iipeA^ioroM r. HoBaKOBiika o noAB3aH>y eiHorpa^cKor My- 
3eja OAceK ce OBaj aoAnyHO cflaate, ho mbcjih, Aa 6a r. HoBa- 
kobhIi xpe6ao Aa Kaace, KaKO oh mucau p,a ce to U3epiuuTU 



paah»a cpncKor yiEHor APymxBA 315 

M o»e, c xora o A ceK oie K yje oa r. HoBaicoBiifea, A a ike oh na 
mobhoh cKyny ii3Hexii noxnyn npe A /»or, m nora he ce i Haw 

H3BpineH.a BH A eTH. 

5. 

HpeAJior AparameeuteB o cKynaaay rpaJ,e 3a reorpa<p H jy h 
eTHorpa4.HJy cpnc K y o A ceR o A .iy<iyje, A a ce neiaxa y pa A H,H APy- 
BiiBeHoj h A a ce opwa 3a ce6e y 500 eroeMiuapa. 

6. 
UIto ce xiwe acTpOHOMCKor Kybepua, o KOiie je roBopeno h 
o-MyieHO H a waBHOM jiaibCEOM cEyny, o A ce K oA-WJe. A a ce 
noAceiu o A 6o P AP yuiTBeHU, A a yimra npena oAJiymi r.iaBHor cEyna 
KopaE, A a ce Ta oA^a ii iiaBpiua. 

7. 
no A o A ce K , oApe^H A a ..3 P a A ii y Haieyiy mm 3a npn6n- 
paae Mexeopo/iorujcEHx 6e*eaiaEa, hoahoch o A ce K y EpaxaE naupx 
xora, it o A ce K OA-^yje, A a ce xo iisnece npe A waBHH cevii. 

8. 
AparaiueBHt. .io A hocii Kapxy Xowo^a, u o A ce K o A ,iyiyje A a 
je A a Ha nperaeA noraxo n xeKCx ys ay Me. 

9. 
3a npe A ce,iH..Ka o A ce K y, nouixo je poK A oca A aH>eM npe A ce A - 
HBKy ncxesao, o A ceE je nafipao r. Ilauuta, a sa A e^oBol,y y M o- 
A en je r. AparaiueBnh A a join je AH y ro A HHy A a B a ocxane A e.io- 

BOtOM. 

10. 

3a pe A oBHor waHa iisaCpaH je p. Cmia AoaaHHi, Aa ce 
npeA-zioJEH. 

(HPBH AOAATAK OBOMB nPOTOKO^F). 

Ha iipeA^ior pe A OBHor "Maiia y^cHor A pyi.ix B a r. nyKOBHUica 
* 3axa, A a ce o A cxpai.e rienor A pyuixBa yinim raxo xpe6a, 
xe A a ce no C P 6hjh iio«niy upuCnpaxn Ce.ieniEe 3a Mexeopo.™- 
rujy, - o A ce K je, ycBOJHB xaj npe/^or , oaiiaiuo noTimcuii 
hoaoacck, Aa oh wans uaupx, aaao 6u, r A e, ii mxa Ba*JM0 
hhiihth. H iioxniicauii uo A o A ceE ca A a o A ceEy hoauocii OBaj 



316 i-AAH>A cpncKor yiEHor a^mtba 

H A U, P T 

3a upu6upan,e 6ejie r xcaKa MereopojioiujCKux. 

IIo3iiaTO je, Aa cy nojann ju"reopo.ionijcKn n no KauBofeii 
n no EoyiHKotn Apyra i injii y AO/inim, a ApyraMiijn y ujiaHunaMa, n 
oneT APyraunjn na jeAuoj, a a,pyrainjn ua APyroj CTpann ii.iaimiia. 
C Tora, Aa 6n ce aoiimo ao uito noyaAaHnjnx pesy.rraTa 3a oneHy 
MCTeopoyiorujcKiix nojaBa n K^HMe, Ba^a y otfaup y3eTH ryiaBHe 
reorpa<})ujcKe npaBne, na AyJK h>hx rioHaiueniTaTii oCcepBannje 3a 
6ejiewKe Te, h y Mpemy oficepBannja yHem cBe 0He itpajeBe y 
Hamoj 3eM-Bii, koju ce no^ioacajeM na MOJKAa n k^ihmom jeAaH oa 
Apyror pa3./inKyjy. 

npena oBoiie r.ieAnniTy noAOAceu. je sa ocHOBy y toj Mpeam 
y3eo Aoyume Haranx OBennx peica, na je Ha3HaiH0 tqavlko aiecTa 
3a o(5cepBamijy, kotihko mho/M asl je noipeSHo 3a noy3Aannje 
pe3y^TaTe, n yHeo je y ncTy Mpeaiy join HeKo/iHKO MecTa, Koja 
cy BajKHa ca cBoje HaAMopcice BucuHe. 

06cepBan,nje OBe mmixAe 6n ce aa CBe BaaiHnje nojaBe, na 
je npeaia H>nMa pa3iiepeH n 6poj HHCTpyneHaTa n y noivieAy Ha 
BHxoBy BpcTy ii y nor.ieAy Ha aiixoB 6poj. 

I. Tano 3a Mepeae npiiTHCKa ea3 ftymuoz ynoTpeSn^u 6n ce 
CapoiieTpn Ha obhm iiecTHMa: 

1. Ha caBCKO AynaBCKoj npy3n: 
y nianD,y, EeorpaAy, IIoaiapeBuy, HeroTHHy; 

2. y AO^HHn Be^HKe MopaBe : 
y Hynpnju u A.ieKCHHny; 

3. y iicto^hoj CpGnju: 

y KaaaceBny (Koje Mecro y cBe3n c HeroTHHOM xnne ce n 
AO^iiiHe TnMOKa, a y cBe3n c A^ieKCHHneM AP^e o6e cTpaHe oa 
HJiaHHHe) ; 

4. y 3anaAHOJ Cp6njn : 

y Ba^eBy n Yacnny (Koja Mecia TaKofye xBaTajy oAHomaje c 
o6e CTpaHe n^iaHHHe) ; 

5. y cpeAHHH 3eMjLe: 
y KparyjeBny. 

CBera 10 Bapoi&eTpa. 

II. 3a Mepen>e TOUAOTe y Ba3Ayxy, HaMecTH.in 6n ce rep- 
MOMerpu Ha obhm MecTnaia : 



paa&a cpncKor yqEHor avyuitba. 317 

1. 3a caBCKo AynaBCKy npyry: 

y Ulaimy, BeorpaAy, noaapeBnj, TpaAuniTy, A- Mn.iaHOBuy 

h HeroTHHy, 

2. 3a 3anaAHy MopaBy: 

y KpyraeBny, KapaHOBoy, l IaiKy (Yaiumn: 

3. 3a BC/iimy MopaBy: 
y CneAepeBy, CraaaJHHiui, r Kyn P HJn (A-ieKcimuy ii CynoBny): 

4. 3a AP HH 7 : 
y ylo3HHmi, yLy6oBuju u Bajimoj Gamin; 
5. 3a Eo.ayo'apy: 

y Y6y a Ba.tf.eBy: 

6. 3a M.aaBy: 

y IleTpoBuy - JKaroCHUii : 

7. 3a BeK: 
y KpymeBunn ti HeKMaJAaHy ; 

8. 3a Thmok: 
y 3ajeiapy n EE.aiKeBD.y-, 

9. 3a Bucona necxa: 
y PyAHUKy, na JaBopy, PaniKOJ, JaiiKOBOJ lUucypu, TpawaAn 

h EaHAiipa.iy; 

10. 3a cpeAUHy 3eM^e: 

y KparyjeBuy u T. MnviaHOBEy. 

CBera 34. TepMOMeipa. 

III. 3a Mepeae npaBiia h jaiHHe eerpoea xpe6a Le 6ap 

1 eerpoMep y BeorpaAy a 

4 eerponasa: y Heroiany, 'Rynpuju. A.ieKciiimv e PyAHuay. 

IV 3a Jiepeite B.iare y Ba3Ayxy : 
1 IIcnxpoMeTap y BeorpaAy, 

V 3a Mepeae MHoatirae Kiiuie : 

5 OGponexapa: y Beorpa A y, HeroTimy, HynpHJH, Ba.LCBy u 

Vw 1IIIIT 

Ho Kauo noy3AanocT 6e,iemaica cioju ao ao6 P oto HHCipy- 
Menaxa, n ao yMeiHOCxa y pyEOBaay c u-unia, to iioaoacci; khcah 
A a My je noxpefao npuweTiiTii na obomc Mecxy. aaso 6b AoCpo 
6uao A a APymxBo (ua A Bpene 6y A e) ilm.iac cxpyroa wm J 
Bct 3 a aa(5aBKy ibx HCxpyMBHaxa, a ae A a ax A o6aBAa nopyaoM, 
n nocie xora A a Muue onex aapoiiixa Mon.ua. aoja ke aa 03- 



318 !'a,i.h.a cviicKor yiEHor apviutba 

iia i iemiM Mecniina uucxpyMCiixe Aa HaiuecxH, h OHora, kojh ce 6e- 
.aeaiefta u cMaxpaaa iipnMH, a& ynyTH, Kaso he h itaA wxa 111- 
hhth. Be3 OBor ABora, xeiimo Aa 6\\ ce cmc/ui ocaohhxh m ua 
imcrpyjvicuxe 11 ua fie.ieuiKe. 

Howxo APyi'iTBoiia cpcACTBa, nopeA ocxa.iux bcahkhx noxpeSa, 
He6n Aocneyia 11 3a ua6aBKy obiix iiHcrpyMCHaxa, xo 6u ce APyuixBo 
UMa^io Aa oSpaxii BAaAH, Aa nx AP^aBa ApymxBy Ha6aBH. 

Illxo ce iiaic xnie JbyAu koju 6\\ CMaxpan.a MexeopojiorHJCKa 
CcaeauMii. APyiuTuo 611 ce oSpaxnyio 3a Mecxa BaH BeorpaAa, Ha 
npot})ecope rnMHaanja, peayiaita, rAe ux iiMa, h Ha 3BaHiiqHHKe xe- 
jierpa({)CKe. B/iaAy 611 naK yMo^iH^iH, Aa OAo6pn h HapeAH Aa ce 
H3Beinxajn Mexeopo/iorHJcKu nm^y APynixBy noiuxoM .6ecn^axHO, a 
rAe ima xe.ierpa<|)CKiix mxamija, Aa ce CBaKH AaH AeneuiOM miiAy 
AueBHe 5e.ieuiKe, Kao nixo ce xo hhhh h y APyrHM 3eM*aMa. 

OBaj naK oacck y cboj'oj cpeAnHn osHaino 611 jeAaH noAOA- 
ceK Kao r.iaBHH 6npo 3a Mexeopo^ornjy, koju 6vl CBe xe 6eyieniKe 
ypeijUBao u 3a „I\flacHHK" cnpeMuo , a AaeBHe xe.ierpa<j)CKe 
H3Benixaje y kojhm OBAemauM HOBireaiia ny<5.mu;upao. 

Ho aKO 611 sa caA xeumo 611.10 yAecuxn b cnpeMHXH CBe 
Mexeopo^oiuKe mxan,nje 3a noxnyHy Mpe^y o6cepBan,nja, OHAa 
noAOAceK Mucm, Aa ce 6ap mxo npe onpene xpii noxnyHe mxa- 
HHJe, u xo y BeorpaAy, y KparyjeBHy h y noacapeBBj. Y Kpa- 
ryjeBn,y mouo 6h 6hxh npu yiuxe/bCKOj niKoyiii, mxo 6n 3a hh- 
xoivme n KopucHO H noxpeSHO 6u.io; y noajapeBuy, npu ihko^h 
3eMJi>eAe.icK0 -inyMapcKoj, npu kojoj xaKotje Bp^io je noxpeSHO 
umaxii xaKBy o6cepBau,njy, jep 6e3 Mexeopo-iornjcKtix xyMaieH>a 
xemKO Aa 6h noACKa HKOHOMiija Moryia HanpeAOBaxu. 

Hajnoo-ie, aKO OAceK ycBOJH OBaj Hanpx y Haie.iy h APymxBO 
ra npBMU, na 11 B^iaAa OAo6pn, OHAa 6h ce iuiao Aa HaHHHH h 
cacxaBu ynyx u npaBu^ia, KaKO 6h ce nixa cnaxpa^o, 11 KaKBHM 
3Han,HMa c/iyaauo k x. a- Jep obo je caMo Haupx y KpaxKo, kojh 
noxnucaHu noAOAceK iiMa ^acx noaHexu Ha yBH^eH>e a Aa^H 
iiocxynaK. 

y BeorpaAy, JaHyapa, 1873. 



paaba cpncKor jhehot APyniTBA 319 

(Apyn AOAaias k upoTOKOjy OAceKa jecTacTBeHO-MaTeMarmiapcKOi, 
oa 19. JaHyapa 1873. 

CpncKOM yneHOM ApywTBy. 

JeAHa oa iviaBHux 3aAata oBora ApyniTBa xa je, Aa ncnnryje 
3eM.iy y CBaKoM nor.ieAy. dpe, Hero idto 6\\ imoro uiTa oAnoie.iu 
paAHTii, mh iiopauo no.3HaBaTu 3eMJbuiUTe , 3a Koje xoteno Aa 
paAflMo, h uapofl, KOJie jkciiimo nno toa Aa npuBpeAUMO. C 
Tora ncnuTHBaae seiiAe He cano Aa je BaiKHo, Hero join cnaAa 
y OHy BpcTy uocioBa, koju ce iiopajy paAiiTii upe Hero Apyrn, 
Te Aa th Apyra 6yAy uito KopncHuju. 

Ho ncniiTHBafte 3eujie u Temno je, n iiAe .laraHo. J.a 6h 
nonwo 6powe, t. j. Aa 6n cmo uito npe Aonr.in ao HeKora 3Ha&a o 
Hanioj 3eM.tn, Ba^ta HCTpaiKiiTii Haiim , kojidi 6ii ce npn6npaH>e 
Tora 3Han.a yop3aAO. 

Aa OBAa h oHAa HAy KoimeTeHTHu Jhj^u, ie Aa 3eii.ty ncnii- 
Tyjy, to je noTpetfHO n Tpe(5a Aa 6yAe. Aa Taj naiim, Ko.inKo je 
toa noy:?AaH, to-ihko oneT npu Hammi npiunKana Aazau je. 4a 
ApymTBo naK oieicyje Ha to, KaA My ko mia noni^e, jom je .ia- 
raHiije ii Henoy3AaHo je. 

A.i ii upu jeAHOM ii npu Apyron obom HaiiiHy una onei He- 
kojhx He3roAa, Koje cy 3a npii6iipau>e 3Han>a o HamiiM 3en.a>aiia 
mKOAAiiBe. A to je, uito ii uaJKonneTeHTHiiju j>yAH, KaA y 3eiui.y 
nol^y HaponuTo paAu Tora, Aa je HcniiTyjy, oneT MHoro mTa 113- 
ry(5e n3 xnAa, n He upu6e./ieaie, a moiuii 6n ynuHUTii, KaA 6u iim 
CBe to Ha naiieT iia^o. 

4a 6a ce AaK^ie aockoihjio Tuna He3roAaMa, ja d3hocum cpn- 
ckom y^eHOM APymTBy eBo OBaj upcA^ior. 

I. 4a cpncKO yieHo ApymTBo 3a paA opowez npiiCiipafta 
rpafye 3a no3HaBan>e Hame 3eMAe no30Be CBe OHe, kojii cy ba y 
HapoAy Bet, n,i leuite y 3en.i>y 0A-ia3e, Aa y ciiuc.iy reorpa<J)uj- 
ckom iiiue 6e;ieiuKe no cuojoj oko.ihiih, ii tc Ce.ieuiKe Aa nouiAy 
APymTBy; a 

II. 4a 6ll II KOMIieTCHTHOM 40BGKy 011.10 O.KIKIK H l(( . II He 

KOinieTeiiTuoM ha 3a Ty CTBap iniTepecoBaiioM ijuirra — Hena 
ce ApymTBo iioc.iyjKii iiainiioii, kojiim ce np.io 'jecTo y EBponn 
c.iyiKe ii ApyniTBa, u iiojeAiniii yieBibauu, a Taj jc Aa yuurauu 
.byAii na ii3Becna niiTaH>a CBOJe o^oeopc uito onuinpnuje licnn- 
cyjy. -Ux oBy ufijb ja can cacTaBiio no cTpymi reorpa$HJCKOJ sesa 
nHTan>a, Ha itoja Cm aotiihhii .i.vah u.iii ii yTnnn.ii UMa.iu Aa OAro- 



320 i'AA&a ci'iicKor yiEHor jy^ymiBk 

Bapajy. IIiiTaita OBa coonno caM npeMa nmaitiiMa h CcieniKana 
Koje cy Bet nocTaBH./iii iipocjiaBAeuH eBponcKii reorpacjm 3a Ha- 
yine nyTHUKe no Heno3uaTiiM 3eaij.aMa. 4py mTB o 6h uMa.io OBa 
iiHxan>a Aa sacefiuo nenaTa n pa3am./i>e CBUjua onusta, kojh 6u 
not ah ii xtcmi npii cityu^aiLy reorpa(})iijcKe rpafye Aa ce noc^y^e, 
n Aa^io 6n y Kibiiasape, 're Aa 6\\ n Apyni Morao HaCaBiirn ux n 

H>UMa C6 KOpHCTIITU. 

CBaKii onaj, kojii 6u c obiim ynyxoM npiiKyn/Bao Ge-ieniKe 
reorpa^njcice, ncnyH>aBao 6a, pasyjue ce, caMo OHe i^iaHKe, kojh 
cy My y AOMamajy 6u.ui, jep y obom ynyiy u>ia n Tannx tMaHaKa, 
kojh ce y cBaitOM npeAe^iy He Ha./ia3e. 

3a noaiaHe 6e./ieiuKe APyniTBO 6h HasHa^H^o Hapo^iiTo jeA- 
AHor i^aHa hji cacTaBii.ia eoaoacck, kojh oh ux ype^HBao, h 
Te 6n ypefyeHe 6ejieuiKe ciaja/ie Ha pyun CBaKOMe , kojh Cu ce 
xTeo ca reorpa(J)iijoM (h.w hckhm H>eHHM amok) Hanie zemhe 

6aBHTH. 

Ako 6u APyinTBo OBaj moj npeA^ior ycBoju/io, na 3axieBa^o 
ohhihphhjh ynyT, onuinpHuju y nor^ieAy caunx Se^ieaaKa, n on- 
mnpHiiju y nor^eAy caMHx 6e4eataia, OHAa 6u ra ja h painnpno. 
Obo/iuko cano ap^kum 3a AOCTa npena namoj 3eiiAH (Cp^HJn), h 
upeMa oHHMa, kojh te no cboj npnyiuHu nocayjKnTH ce ynyTOM, 

eBO OBDM. 



Jnjt 3a npn6HpaH>e reorpa^njcKnx GeaeacaKa. 

I. Ouiutu uozma «« zeuMj. 

1. Koje je ohhttu KapaKTep npeAe^ia? 

2. Je^iu 6pAOBHT, n^u OpemyybKOBUT, — ran^aTe gyKe n;i 
OKpyryiacTe KOHType? 

3. Haia am necKOBa y xyMOBHMa ujih y paBHU? 

II. noepwima. 

1. Je am n/ioco (noBpinuHa) paBHO, h^ih Ta/iacacTO? 

2. Je ah T^HHa poAHa ii.ih cnpoTHa? uyioBaia , necaK, 
6ape ? 

3. Jecy am paBHHHe poAne ma HepoAne ? niyMOBnTe, n;i 
o6pa}>eHe? 

4. KaKBa je noAo6ima (cnocoftHocT) TVWHe 3a npon3BOAe? 



paah>a cpuckct yqEHor AryniTBA 321 

III. (pimiHKa uoAejia. 

1. Ooe.ieiKH r,iaBHe no-Ae.ie npeAe.ia. 

2. Ha3u ea BOAO.iyTJe ') h BOAOiiefyy. 2 ) 

3. HasHa^H cxapo Kopnio iviaBHe peKe. 

4. IloAe.iH 3eM.ty ihto Biime Ha ciiiBo-Be, oBaj je Haiim n 
Haj.iaKuiH. a HajSo.M 3a omiciiBaae. 

5. OSejeatn rpaHiioe q ceKjHAapHHx AO.mHa Kpo3 Koje Teny 
yioinne r.iaBHHx pesa. 

6. Moate ,ih ce AO-iima Aa no-Aejiu y ropay u Aoay? 

7. Je.m npeAeo jacHo noAe&eB Ha opAOBiny, paBHy, myiio- 
BHTy, ro.iy, oopafyeHy, iiecKOBHTy, poAHy hah 6apoBHTy 3eMA>y? 

IV. n.naHime. 

1. T.iaBHn upaBaii. 

2. y onuiTe cno-.tamau hm o6.hik (onnmii OAMax, He noc.ie 
Ha naiieT). 

3. Oa npiiAHne auxoBa BiicHHa (BpxoBa n Tpyna). 
•4. Jecy .in BpxoBn cHeamn KaAa (Kaaui roAHinie). 

5. 4oK^ie KaAa Aonnpe CHer (rvieAaj npucoje n ocoje). 

6. Jccy .ih opAa myiioBHTa h ao Koje BucnHe usia KaKBHx Apsa? 

7. 4,0 Koje BncHHe Tpaje pacruae y onniTe? 

8. Jecy.i' 6pAa H3 jeAHa ha' y rpyny, ha' OABOJHTa? 

9. Hal)ii oycoAOM npaBau y K05ie ce n.iaHHHCKH hh3 cBpniyje. 

10. 06e,iejKii HaJBaiKHnja ffiApe^a h npeBoje h je.i' ux je 

.laKO 6paHHTH. 

11. KaKBor cy CTBopa y online? 

V. Pene. 

1. Hajdapiije line. 

2. 06e.ie/Kn oiiiiith tok, h koahko ce wc-ase n KpiiBHHe. 

3. Hira .in amoro yToquua? KaKO ce 30By (noieB 03ro Ha 
HHate) ii c Koje cy CTpaHe. 

4. 4,0K.ie iiapacxii KaA npiiAoljC, je^ii BaAOBuxa n ko.hiko tfpsar 

5. Hiia .in npn yTOKy HaiuaB h ocipBO? 

6. Moaie .in ce yBeK npcCpo-AiiTii, u tao cy Cpoaobii? 

7. Hina .in CKOKOBa, (3p3aKa hah nar.ior BOAOii.iana > 



1 ) Bo,w.iyujeM 30BeM0 ohj t iioljy npnpeiiutMa ciiiBOBiuia, Koja ce 
Ha^iaaw H3jie^y peica, iuto TeKy jeAna npemi Apyroj y cyupomOM 
npaBuy. Ha iipiuwiy je,;na pesa reie ua ceBep, a ,\pyra aajyi 

2 ) BoaomcI/om ;!OBeMo oiiy weljy, soja je Bsveijj peaa, iuto Teuy 
yaopej. jeAua upeira Apyroj; ua up. tckj- o6e ua coaep na jyr. 

TaACHiiK XXXVIII. 2 i 



322 paah>a cpircKor yqEHor apyuitba. 

8. Haca' H3 jc3epa ha' us HSBopa? 

9. Ko.iiiko je bhcok H3Bop ii3HaA ynika ? 

10. Je au joj KopHTO THTpa, necaii, 6AaT0. Hocn a' imoro 
in^aMa ? 

11. Jew' oCa.ia HiicKa h.i' BiicoKa, 3eM.i>a ii.i' Ka>ieH. Kwa a' 
Ha ofouii my Me? 

12. Hjia ah Muoro puCe ii aaKBer 

13. Oimnra cBaKy yToinuj Kao ii r.iaBHy petty. 

VI. Muuepajine eoje. 

1. HMa ah Mnnepa.iHHX u3Bopa: Bpe.inx. .laAnnx. M.iaKiix; 
ynoTpe6.3E.aBajy ah ce 3a .leieite a BUAaite? 

2. HMajy ah TaAora, jeAH uiA>yHKOBHT ha' BanaH? 

3. Hsia .in lemke TpycoBa, npa^e o BUMa. 

4. DlTa cy yiHHHAH, aokac 3axBaTa.ui ? 

5. IlaMTii aii ko Aa ce 3eMA>a rAe y3Aur.ia ha' yrHy.ia. 

YII. Rjicmoeu. 

1. EoKyuiaj Aa HaiHHHin n.iaH oa 3eM.i>e n noiHH c no- 
3HaTHM MecTOM. Bvcoaom onpeAe/in npaBue ii HasHara Aa.LHHe n 
BHCUHe. Pa3Mepa -j^- 

2. OsHa^H npaBan. CBojy BajKHnjnx npeAMeTa y tbom Aor.ieAy 
c Ma KOje no3Hare Ta^Ke, Ha npn.iuKy BpxoBe, ueAe HAaHime, 
BaffiHe npeBoje. Baponiu, ce.ia ... u oAMax npntfeAeain Ha xaprajn. 
HnniTa He ocraBA>aj naMfceay. 

3. ^VBaj cBe AOKyMeHTe u noneiHa cnaTpa&a hito ce Tiiie 
HeKor Mepeaa. 

3. Tpasii npaBe Ha3UBe koa MeinTaHa. Hyt. kojii cii npo- 
mao Hoiiy ha' no MarAu, o6eAem.u HapoiHTHM 3HaKOM hah 6ojom. 

VIII. Mereopo.jozuja. 

1. Boau TaiHO 6e^ieinKe o TeMnepaTypu (n 6apoMeTpy). 

2. Koje cy b laAajytn BeipoBu, Koje nepuoAHH? 

3. J\hah MHoro h iecTo naAa KHme? 

IX. Emoipafpuja. 

1. Eiiina pein, u BKiue peieHane Hero roAe pein, nmnn hx 
jacHO h ca aKneHTOM. 

2. OSe/iesu Mopa.i, o6niaje, HaBUKe, 3a6aBe. 

3. KaEO nociynajy ca CTapmiMa, aieaaMa. 6oAHHMa h AenoM. 

4. HMa ah .lyAiix ii cyMaHyTiix? 

5. KaKap. hm je tiiii, Be.iiiHinia? 



PAAftA cpncEor y^EHor APniiTBA 323 

6. Kanae 3uan zAaeoM 3a o/Lo6paean>e u oflpuucme? 

7. KaKBe cy \m Kyte, nua Hajr.iaBHnja xpaHa? 

8. KaKBa hh je HapaB, Har.ia hji' raxa, XHTpa vla HeGpifjKHa; 
npHMajy axl paAO HayKy? 

9. Je.m HapoA y npupannajy n.v onaAaity? 

10. KaKBe cy o6H*rae 6o.iecTH ii KaKO hx .ieie? 

11. KaKBo OAe^io MyuiKO n jkchcko, KaKBo nocyl>e? 

12. KaKBii cy aomobh, Kauo noAeiiemi u pacnopefyeHn? 

13. KiiKBO je iviaBHo 3aHHMan>e, paiapcTBO, CTonapcTBo, npa 
paTapciBy Kojy Bpciy SHia naJBHrae cejy n Kauo? 

14. KaKBe maajy cBaA^eHe o^aiaje, KaKBe nepeMOHnje y pa3- 
hhm npu^inKaMa? 

15. KaKaB Haiim no3ApaBa, KaKaB onxofyaj ca CTpaHijeH? 

16. KaKBe iraajy Mepe 3a AysKuny, TesKiray n BpeMe? 

17. Jecy am neBaTO n urpain, KaKaB KapaKTep necne u iirpe? 

18. EoKynii CBe npnie o ceo6n n noKpeiy HapoAa. 

19. IIIto roA ce KapaKTepncmraor Aaje naupiaTH, Han;pTaj 
h CBe niTo *iyjeni vla bhauui, 3aoe,iejKii o^mcix ; na>ikeB>e je 
HeBepHO. 

20. KaKaB nojaai miajy o nocianKy ii cBpineTKy CBda, KaKaB 
o Bory h Aynin aoc/ie cmpth. 

PeAoenu ujiclh cpuCKOt ynen. AP- 
J. ^parameBHt 

upoffiecop zeozpa<fiuje. 



Cgamh cacTaHaK OAfiopa. 

25. Janyapa 1872. 

Buav cy: rr. npeAceAHHK AP- J- Hla^apiiK: q^aHOBu: Ka. 
Bacu^eBHt, CiojaH EomKOBnh, AP- C. MiMyTimoBiit, M. T. 
EtaHuL h ceKpeiap Ct. HoBaKOBnt. 

Bp. 48. 

CeKpeiap npoHiiTa u3BeuiTaj, kojii he ce ua ciiyny miTaTU, 
h OA6op ra oAoCpu. 

Bp. 49. 

CeKpeTap npoinxa no3DB KH>ii;KeBiiiininni 3a uui.i.aii.e npii- 
jiora 3a „BocaHCKii 3(>opmiK", 3a kojii ce sapeAH Aa ce ypeAHn- 
niTBiiMa pa3aui^e. 



324 iaah.a crncKor yiEHor ai'vuitba 

Bp. 50. 
IlpeAceAHHK oAcena ncTopniKor u APJKaBHHiKor jaB;i>a Aa 
je OAceK oA-^y^Ho, Aa ce y r^acmiKy uiTaMiia u ca 8 Ayi*. oa 
uiTaMiiaHa TafiaKa uarpaAu i-flanau T IeA. MnjaTOBata „CTyAnje o 
HcropuJH cpncKe TproBnee. III." 

Bp. 51. 
IIpeAceAHHK OAceKa HcropniKor ii ApataBHiiiKor jaBAa Aa 
je OAceK OA-iyiHO, Aa ce H3AaBan>e „IIo./mTHiKor peinaKa" oa 
ByiaA- JoBaHOBiifca, CBecne r, fa ^5 noinoMorHe ca 5 Aysaia oa 
uiTa>inaHa Ta6aKa, Koje OA^op OAo6pn. 

Bp. 52. 
IIpeAceAHHK ucTora OAceKa jaB^a Aa je OAceK oa^ho Aa 
ce y T.iacHHKy uiTaMna 11 ca 6 Ayu. oa niTaMnaHa TaSaua Ha- 
rpaAH g^iaHaK r. BnTKOBHta „Kphthikh nooeA Ha npora/iocT 
CpOa y YrapcKoj". 

Bp. 53. 

Ha ucth HaiHH oAoop OAoGpaBa, Aa ce ^viaHaK. r. M. TJ. 
Mu^HheBiita „JKubot Cp6a cejbaKa u y r^iacHHKy miasma h ca 
10 AyK. oa mTaMnaHa TaCana HarpaAH. 

Bp. 54. 

Ha ucth HainH OA^op OAoOpaBa, Aa ce iJiaHaK, r. Alienee 

C. JoBanoBHLa „3aApyra no nponncoMa earner rpafyaHCKor 3aico- 

HHKa" inxaMna y r.iacHHKy 11 ca 6 AyKaia oa niTaMnaHa Ta6aKa 

HarpaAH. 

Bp. 55. 

Ha hcth Haqim OA^op OAo6paBa Aa ce q^aHaK r. l IeA. Mh- 
jaTOBnka „Hpe Tpncia roAHHa" HiTa>ma y TyiacHHKy h ca 8 a. 
oa niTaMnaHa Ta6aKa HarpaAH. 

Bp. 56. 
npeAceAHUK OAcena (jm-ioyiomicor u (J)ii.ioco4»CKor jaB.ta, Aa 
je- OAceK OA^iy^HO, Aa ce y TjiacHHKy niTaMiia h ca 10 AyK. oa 
uiTannaHa TaSatca HarpaAH cTyAHJa r. CiojaHa HoBaKOBnka „$h- 
3H04ornja iviaca h iviacoBH cpncKor je3UKa". 

Bp. 57. 
OAoop y3HMa Ha 3Haite, Aa je y oAceity jecTacTBeHO-Biaie- 
MaTiiHapcKOM n3aopaH 3a HOBor npeAceAHUKa r. M. T. nannL 



paaba cpncKor viEHor apvmtba 325 

Bp. 58. 
3a npeA-aor oAcena jecTacrBeHo-MaTeMaTiiiapcKor o noAH3aay 
Kyhnne 3a acTpoHOMCKa nocMaTpaaa, OA^op oA^iyiu, Aa ce npe- 
Ay3Me Ha npBOMe oa^opckom cacxaHKy nocjie iviaBHor CKyna. 

Bp. 59, 

HpeAceAHiiK oAceKa jecTacTBeHtmKor u MaieMaTiiiapcKor ja- 

BAa, Aa je OAceK OA-ayino, Aa ce npeA^or r. AparanieBuka o 

CKynAaay rpahe 3a reorpa<Jmjy h eTHorpatJmjy cpncuy imaMna y 

ApyuiTBeHoj paAH>u, h no tom 3ace6HO y 500 KOMaAa. Oa6op oao- 

6paBa Ty oA^yKy. 

Bp. 60. 

3a ii3(5op y q^aHCTao npeAjioJEiio je OAces ncxopniiEH n Ap- 
jKaBHHqKu r. ApceHHJa CTOJKOBuLa ByiaAOKy GyAHiicKor 3a nona- 
CHora, a OAceK jeciacTBeHUHKH n MaTeMamiapcKH r. Chmv ylo- 
3aHiiKa 3a peAOBHor i^iaHa. YcBaja ce, Aa ce BaHAiiAaTii npeA 
r^aBHH eayn n3Hecy. 

Bp. 61. 

3a iviaBHH cKyn OA^iyHH ce, Aa ce 30Be Ha AaH 30. JaHyapa 
OBe roAHHe y 10 cax. npe noAHe rAe ce o6hiho no3QBa. HapeAH 
ce, Aa ce ceKpeiap nocTapa 3a no3HBe, h Aa oa CTpaHe OA^opa 
3aMoyiH r. peKTopa Beymice mKoyie, Aa ce CKyn noate ApaiaTH y 
no3HaTOJ co6n Be^HKe uiKO^ie. 

Bp. 62. 

Etpo^uTa ce nucMO MHHHCTapcTBa npocBeie oa 24, JaH. OBe 
roA- noA Bp. 336. kojhm ce jaB^a, Aa je 3a npeAceAHHKa Apyni- 
TBy y oboj roAHHH noCTaBJBeH AP- J- Ula^apnK. 

Bp. 63. 
3a nporpaii r^aBHor cicyna ycBojn ce oBaj peA: 

I. 063nan>yjy ce npoMeHe y oA^opy; 

I I. T IiiTa ce nper.<ieA paAH»e h cTaaa ApyniTBeHor y nponwoj 
roAHHH ; 

III. OApeljyjy ce Tpa HAa.ua, koju he aoTUiicaTii npoTOKO^i 
CKyna n npcryieAaTu paiyHe oa iipoinyie roAHHe; 

IV. H3Hoce ce Ha H36op KaHAHAaTii 3a u.iaHCTBo; 

V. H3hoch ce npeA^or 3a noBniunny AP^aBHe nosiohii ; 

VI. H3hoch ce npeA^ior o cncTeMaTirniOM npiiKyn.i>aH>y mc- 
TeopoyionijcKHx Ce/ieataKa no Cp6njn; 

VII. H3Hocn ce npeA-ior o ycTaHOBjiaBaity a Kvii.i>ei[>y cpn- 
CKor ncTopnjcKO-eTHorpatbcKora My3eja. 



326 i'aa&a cpncKor yHEHor ^vyaiTBA 

Ep. 64. 
CeKpeiap noAHOcu KFture, Eoje cy AODiwie Ha hoe.ioh hah y 
3aMeHy : 

a. Oa MOCKOBCKOr ClOBeHOffwJICKOr KOMHTeTa: 

1. Co./iOBi,eBa M. C. UyCAmuun qiema o IleTpt Be;iHEOMT>, 
MocKBa 1872. 

2. IIpoTOKO.iH 3adjAaHiS coBtia HMnepaTopcKaro xaptKOB- 
CKaro yHHBepcHTeTa, 1872, JVi- 1 — 9. 

3. Koa.ioBiiia M. yleKuin no iiciopiii sanaAHoii Poccin. Mo- 
CKBa 1864. 

4. K). BeHe^iuHa. xapaETept HapoAHEtxt niceH'B y CflaBaHt 
3aAyHaHCKHXi>. I. MocKBa 1838. 

5. K). BeHe.iHHa. HcTopHEo-EpiiTH^ecEia H3HCEaHia. Tomt> I. 
n II. MocKBa 1841. 

6. K). BeHe^uiHa. sapoAunrE hoboh Co^rapcKoft .niTepaTy- 
pn. K« 1. MocKBa 1838. 

7. K). BeHe^HHa CEaHAiraaBOMama h ea hoejiohhhku. MocKBa 
1842. 

8. K). BeHe^iHHa H3Bicria o Baparaxi apaScEHXb nucaie^eS. 

MocKBa, 1870. 

9. K). BeHe./iHHa ToTaxi. , o6i Oopaxt , o cnopt MeffiAy 
roataHaMH h ctBep;maMH Ha c^ert hxt. poccn3Ma. MocEBa 1847. 

10. K). BeHeyuma OEpyatHLie JEHTe.in 6ayniScKaro Mopa, to 
ecTb Aeim h CiaBaHe. MocKBa 1847. 

11. H. Bi/iaeBa HaEa3Htie cnncEH Cior^aBa. MocEBa 1863. 
Ie. M. MaECHMOBHia YEpaimenj. 1864 roAa. 

13. CTHXOTBopema A. C. XonaEOBa. MocEBa 1868. 

14. C. Co/ioB&eBa HcTopia Poccia XXII. MocEBa 1872. 

15. E. B. BapcoBa npniHTaHta ciBepHaro Kpaa I. MocEBa 
1872. 

16. TpyAH o6m,ecTBa HCHHTaTe^efi npiipoAH npa naraepaTop- 

CEOMT. xaptEOBCEOMt yHUBepCHTeit. V. XapbEOBT., 1872. 

17. HixaMOBeHEaro Tp. ate^t3Hia Aoporn a rocyAapcTBo. 
KieBi. 1869. 

18. BpeMeHHHE'B AeMHAOBCEaro ropHAHqecEaro .innea. KHHra 
II. III. JIpoc/iaBB 1872. 

19. Hiua EonoBa HcTopia c^aBaHCEaro 6\aaroTBopHT. eomh- 
TeTa bt. MocEBt. MocEBa 1872. 

20. Ahap. IIonoBa. Onucame pyEonucefi u EaTa-iori. RHHn> 
H,epROBHoft neiaTH 6n6Auiem A. H. XyiyAOBa. MocEBa 1872 r. 



paah.a cpiicuor yHEHor .ipyuiTBA 327 

6. Oa „H.iiipcKe MaTune*' 113 3arpe6a Vjenac zabavi i pouci 

b. Oa ypeAHiimTBa „CBo6oAe" H3 ByKypeima .wct „CBo6oAy". 

r. Oa ypeAHiimTBa . C.iaBJiHCKaro Mipa" H3 Ilpara Taj ,ihct. 

A. Oa ypeAHQUiTBa „Ost und West" H3 Beia Taj .wct. 

}). Oa ypeAHHuiTBa „ IIo3opuniTa" y Hobom CaAy Taj jihct. 

e. Oa r. J. TaBptLioBiiha oBoroAuniBe cpncKe n ocTa.ie as- 
CTOBe, h to: E;pHoropna, AyaaB, La correspondance slave, Pe- 
caBCKor noniTOHomy, Hctok, IIpH3peHT>, BocHy, CapajeBCKn H,BJe- 
ihhk, BunjevaCke i sokacke novine, CpncKn HapoA, npaBociaBJLe, 
TeaaKa, Cpncne hobmhc, Bhaob AaH, JeAHHCTBO, UlKo^y. 



roAHmibH cKyn Cpncicor y^eHor ApyniTBa. 

30. Jauyapa 1873. 

1. 

OTBopiiBinn CKyn npeAceAHHK oojaBu Aa je y OA^opy ynii- 
H>eHa npoMeHa cawo y Tone, dito je y OAceKy jecTacTBeHmiKOH n 
MaTeMaTimapcKOM ii3amao poK r. $p. 3axy AocaAan>eM npeAceA- 
HHKy, 11 Aa je Ha H>eroBO MecTO H3a6paH 3a npeAceAHiiKa Tora 
OAceKa r. npocft. M. T. IlaHiih. 3a thm cenpeTap npofiiTa ii3Be- 
miaj paAy h CTait>y ApyniTBa y npouuoj 1872-roj roAnHii. 

2. 

IIpeAceAHHK oCjaBH Aa cy pa^yHii oa 1871-Be nper.ieAaHH, 

h npeA^iaate, Aa ce n36"epy Tpn hasleu kojii he uoAinicaTu npo- 

TOK0.1 cuyna 11 npeivieAaTH paiyHe oa 1872-re. CKyn Taj uocao 

noBepn Tpojnmi n.iaHOBa it. /L MaTiiLy, JeBTu ABpaMOBiihy u 

Ctcbh P. IIoiIOBlIhy. 

3. 

LIpeAceAHUK oa CTpaHe OA^opa noAHece KauAUAare 3a *LiaH- 
ctbo, vi to 3a nouacuo i i.iaHCTBO r. B.iaAnKy GyAii-MCKor Apeemija 
CTOJKOBiiHa, a 3a peAOBHor r. Cnay ^lo3aunha. OGojnna omue 
H3a6paun jeAnor.iacHO. 

4. 

H3Hece ee npeA-Aor 3a noBiinniny AP^aBHC homoIiii. Hocde 
onmnpiiuje AeCaTe, 113 Koje je 113.1a3n.10 pasHHX npoA-iora, iie^y 
Kojuaia jeAan, Aa ce nocie KopaKa y iipom.ioj roAimn yMiiH.eiior. 
niiniTa Aa^e He upeAy3iiMa, ciiyn oaayih, ui ce hobiim QUCMeHHM 
aKTOM .laacKa npeACTaBKa koa B.iaAe iiohobu. 



328 



1'aah.a cPncKor yqEHor a^bitba 



5. 

H3ecce ce npeA^ior 3a cucxeMaTHMHo npuKyn.i>aii,e MeTeopo- 

yiomjcKHx Ge^ieKaKa iio CpOaja, u iiponiiTa ce HaupT noAOAceKa , 

una 6a iiotpc6ho 6uao OAMax npeAy3eTn, h uaKO Cm ce MoiMa 

Mpeata oGcepBaTopaja no Cp6njn yAeca-ra. H oBa CTBap noBeAe 

atHBAeji pasroBopy. Met>y npeA^io3HMa 6ao je jeAaH oa r. Bji. 

JoBauoBHta, Aa aeo Taj nocao iipiiKyii;tan.a npanaAae ctiitmcthi- 

hom 6npo-y h Aa ce APyniTBena paA noAHece B^aAH, Aa cma Tamo 

yqiiHn iiito je noTpeSHo, Aa ce MeTeopo^iomjcKe CcieniKe apiii.yn- 

■fcajy. r. ap. Ba. TDopijeBuL Aoayaao je Taj npeA-aor Tusie, Aa 

ce Kpo3 CTaTiicTHHKH 6apo Kyu^eHa rpa^a npeAaje AOTiiqHoiie 

APyniTBy Ha H3paAy a ayCLiBKOBa&e. y AonyHy OAceiKor npeA^ora 

r. M. r. flaHHii je roBopno, Aa ce opyfya noTpeo'Ha 3a obo 6e- 

^eaceae Ha6aBe 3a pa^yH ohhx 3aBOAa, npn Kojrnua 6a ce 6e.ae- 

ffieae yAeciwo, a Aa CTBap no npBOM npeA^iory ocTaHe y APym- 

TBeHHM pyKaMa. Cicyn OA-flyra Aa ce apeaia npeA-iory OAceKa 

noBepii oA<5opy, Aa ihhii npeA-flor BAaAii 3a HaSaBKy aotiihhhx 

opyi>a, oHaKo KaKO yAecmije 6yAe. 

6. 
H3Hece ce npeA lor o KynAeay u ycTaHOBAaBaay cpncKor 
HCTopujcKO-eTHorpa(j)CKor My3eja. Ckyn OA-fly^n, Aa ce ApyniTBo 
y Haie/iy apnaia Aa y obom aociy y i iecTByje, a noBepaBa npeT- 
xoahii n Aa.m paA o TOMe ocoShtom KOMHTeTy. 3a i-iaHOBe Tora 
KOMmeTa cnya B36epe r. r. Ap. J. IIIa^apuBa, Mamaa la. Mimb- 
iieBnta, Ma.ioaia C. MuyiojeBHta, /l,paraineBHLa, a Ct. HoBaKOBuka. 



CacTaHaK oAceica $H./ioco(|)CKor h (pHAoaoniKor. 

1. (Penpyapa 1873. 

Beau cy: r. apeAceAHHK Aa. BacniteBuii, qjiaHOBii : rr. M. 
KyjyHnaii, M. C. Ma-iojeBak, M. n. IHaniaHUH, M. PaKah, Ct. 
HoBaKOBnL. 

PeAOBHH iJiaHOBa rr. Ct. HoBaKOBat a M. KyjyHaah npo^aiajy 
petJjepaT o 36apn,a „CeAaM CTOTBHa a leipAeceT pasaax oSpeAaax 
aecaMa ca 2450 peTO as EtpaBe (Ciape) Cptfaje Mayionia C. Ma- 
^ojeBBha", y KOMe B3yiaffiy ana cy Hamyta y toj 36apaa a naKO 
ce OHa ciame c AocaAaaaM 36apKaMa a c ohbm bjto pe^epeHia 
AP»e Aa Tpe6a Aa y TOMe Body Mepayio a ocHOBa 6yAe. IIomTO 
Ha to r. Ma^ojeBat aeica oojaaiH>eH>a AaAe, oacck oa.ivib, Aa 



paaba cpncKor yiEHor aitiutba 



329 



ce npeivia pe^epaiy APyuiTBO ne Moaie ynyiHTaTii y H3AaBa&e TaKe 
36npKe, na 3a to Aa ce OHa r. Mu/iojeBuhy Bpam. 

3a pe<J>epaT 6u Ha npeA-ior r. npeAceAHOKa OA.meHO Aa ce 
imaMna y r.iacHHKy. 

(AoAaTaK k npoTOKOJiy oAcena <t>iuoco*CKor a *hjio.iowkoi' oa 1. 
<i>e6pyapapa 1873). 

P E*EP A T 

o 36upuu „CeAa.¥ ctotwhu u HerpAecer pu3Hux oopeAuux aecciMii ca 24o0 
pemi u3 Ilpaoe (Crape) Cp6uje Mmowa C MuAOJeeufia." 

DpeA Hasia je orpoMHa 30npKa necaMa HapoAHiix, noAHeceHa 
CpncKOM yieHOM ApynnBy a* je H3Aa. 

CTapa^iu cmo ce, Aa o toj s6upw cacTaBUMO caBecian pe- 
(JtepaT. Jep hhth Han je ao Tora, Aa ce oho aia/io noMohu uito 
ApaiaBa yieHOM APyuiTBy Aaje, npocima KyA 6am He 6\i y nyHOM 
CMHC^y BpeAHo 6uao, hhth oneT a<i ce Ma-aeHa h npeMa^eHa 
paAHa CHara Haiua iponra Ha HaquH, kojh Haynu uo3UTUHHe ko- 
Phcth He aohoch. BeuiTH jtyAu BiiAehe ii ceTHhe ce, Aa mh y 
OBOMe we acaumo iior^eAe MHonix pe^epeHaia oBora APyuTBa. 

IIIto ce raqe oBe 36upKe mh cmo npBO y3e,m y npeipec 
HH'raae, y KaKBOM oua OAHomajy ctoju npeMa CBeKO.mKoj paAH>H. 
Koja je y tom npaBuy yqnH»eHa y Hauioj KH>iiJKeBHOCTii. C'BaKH 
he 3HaTi' Be^iiKy 3aaflyry ByKa Ct Kapauuha, cBauu he 3Haxu, 
KaKo ce npejia aeroBOJ paAftu oahocuo paA cBiijy ocTa.wx ck\h- 
Aaqa. Hhko He cyM&a, Aa je paA&a ByKOBa cBima ocia.iiiM cKyn- 
jbaiiiMa ocTa/ia h yivieA n cpeAUHa » no^iasaK. y ko^iuko ce koju 
CKyc/baq BHine yryieAao Ha ByKa, y ko/wko My je 611.10 Ha yity, 
Aa Byua nonyaa, i\a\\ Aa ByKOM HeiicniiTane CTase nciinTyje. ) 
tojihko je, Moate ce c./ioo'oaho na3aTn, paA H>eroB uopiicHnjii. i 
y toamko he canine oh Hahn Mecia y BC.uiKOMe 36opniiKy cBera 
6yiara yMOTBopima uapoAHux, kojh hecejeAHOM Mopani H3,iaBaTH. 

A^h KoyiiiKO ce qiran, Aa je OBa CTBap -iaua, uuje 6e3 Myue 
hii y By yhu. ByKOB paA n ByKOBa sdnpiia Cpnt-Kux HapoAHiix 
necaMa ocTauie iuiacniaH 36opniiK, kojh je cxeKao jeBponcso Me. 
A.ih je mi K.iaciniHocr ByKOBa 3(5opHHKa caMOuiiK.ia, h.ih je H8- 
pat>ena CTBap? Je ah ByitoB 36opHHK iiodao icuim-uui. iuto .ie 
ByK npocxo Kynno necMe, na nx jeAHy .v APyre Tpnao ouaito 
Kaiio je Kojy HamaoV Je .in noy3AaHOCT Bvkobhx 3(5opkHBa ca 
CTpaHe jesiiKa oneT 'raKo c.iyiajno iiiik.iu. h.ih je flom/ia, hito je 



330 i'aah>a cniCKor yqEHor APymTBA 

Bvk ii y 3oopHimnMa 11 y cBaitoj iipii.uimi noKa3HBao, Kano He 
cano paayMe ima je jesHK, nero Kano je nocBeheH y HaJAyoObe 
TaJHe H>eroBe, n aaiso je npuTumia crpaua H>eroBa yua 6n.ia 
biicoko pa3BiijeHa? Obo je yupaBo r.iaBnii iisBop ByKOBy ayro- 
pmeTy, to je oho, hum je oh cyBpejieiie KBHateBHHKe Aajieno 
npewainiio, jep ce kphtifihoct H>eroBa yMa y cTBapiuia o jeauuy 

II KBIUKeBHOCTH HIIJC Aa.fla IIOMyTHTII HII H0AMHTI1TII HH ayTOpiI- 

TeTOM, hii TpaAHHujoM, hh oSniajeM, a KaMo An eojbOM 11 naKAO- 
hoctumcl aeroBiiM. 

Kojii ce oa HacTaBJBaqa ByKOBux y noc/iy oko pa3HOBpcHor 
Kyuybeaa rpafye 3a no3HaBan>e Haiue HapoAHocra, Murae no oBowe 
npimaKao Byity; kojh je paAetn ncui nocao OHaMO KyA Haje 
Aocneo ByK, n Ha.ia3ekn rpa^y Kojy nnje 3Hao ByK, yBH^ao h 
3Hao, Aa casio HacTaB^a Byita, u Aa je OBaj Heyiiopmi 11 6ncTpn 6pa- 
hhi qncTora je3HKaH qncie yjeAnaeHe HapoAHOcru Hame ycaAHO cto- 
ffiep ii Ha.iojsiio Bpniaj, Ha kojii cano Tpe6a chochth jkhto, — oHaj 
je 3a ne./io noroAHO Haj6oAHM nyieM, h oa aeroBa je paAa Haj- 
BHine KopncTU. Jep y cBaKOMe noc/iy Bajsa caiao oho, uito MHorn 
Hapauixaju c jcahom iiAejoai, c jeAHOM cBeniky o noc/iy, KaA je 
npaBan Ao6po iioroljeH, ii3pal>yjy, rAe ciihobh Ha o i iiibcko HacTa- 
B.iajy n yuanpefyyjy, BOAetii paqyH o c/io3ii u cyr.-iacHOCTH, n 
pa36ncTpaBajytn h ypaBHaBajyLn CBaKO cnopHO Mecxo kphtiikom 

H HayiHHM OCIIIITOM. 

C OBaKBM rjiejuuiTeM npnuMii cmo k qiiTafty 0Be HOBe 36npKe. 
PaA r. Mn.iojeBuha orpoMaH je, oh je BeL ii3Aao ABe noBe.iHKe 
chtho ii 36"iijeH0 inTaMnaHe 36npKe HapoAHnx njecaMa, h eBo h 
xpete, Bp.io orpoMHe, npeA CpnciuiM yqemiM APyniTBOM. 

A^iu mh cmo a y oboj h y ocia^iiM 36npKaMa 3a6aAaBa Tpa- 
aiHjiH nporpaM r. Mn^iojeBuha, nporpan, 113 Kora 6n ce bhac/io, 
KaKO oh ctojh npeMa AOcaAaftiiM Kyniiouuna u npeMa Byuy, Kano 
Jin npeMa oduitoj noipe6n HayKe, h nua xote ca cbojhm paAOM. 
Ako qoBeit, kojii TaaaB jeAaH bc/iiikh ii Ayraian nocao npeAy3- 
Me. HHJe ca cbhm thm Ha ihcto, OHAa HeMa cyMH>e, Aa te My 
nocao jeABa Cutii oa kophcth. Je .iu, Ha npn^iuKy, r. MnjiojeBnii 
nocTaBuo ce6ii 3a 3aAaiaK Aa nonyaa Bysa y iictom upaBny, 
h^h Aa oncer ByKOB paraupn, hta? Umi aP^kh, Aa ByKOB nocao 
Hnje Ao6po ypafyeH, Aa je ypafyeH Taito, Aa ce Ha h> o63npaTii 
He MoaceiMo, Bet Aa ce H3H0Ba Ha APyrnM ocHOBHMa paAHTH M*opa? 
y tom c.iyiajy oh 6ii 6iio Ay^aH, Aa kputh^kh o6opn cBe ocHOBe 



paaba cpncKor yiEHor APyniTBA 



331 



ca kojhx je paAiio ByK u Koje je ou h.iii HCKa3ao KojeuyAa y 
npeAroBopuiia cbojhm, hjih ce BiiAe y AeAHMa aeroBUM, Tpe6a-io 
je Aa ox je o6opno c Tora, ihto cy Te ocHOBe AaHac y onnne 
ycBojeHe, n Ha anna ce TeMC/M no je3HKy caB nam KanifieBHU 
paA n uiTO Hac npeua an»ia neHH h K^iacii({)HKyje n jeBponcKa 
HayKa o je3nn,HMa. Tpe6a/io je Aa nx je ooopuo c Tora, uito je 
h ByK, yHoceLH y ikhbot cBOJe ocHOBe u npeA^iaajytn cBoje mh- 
mb, y ncTH max noBeo paT npoTHB CBera cynpoTHora oa CTapuHe 
h totobo iiiTaBHx neAeceT roAHHa tfpamio HayK, pa3Bnjao n y 
Ae.aa npnBOAuo mho/ih cbojc 

Tora HHiera r. Mn^iojeBnh Hiije Ka3ao hu y Biuy nporpasia 
hh noAeMHKe, hh iera toa Ha to Ha^HK. Ajih aeroB paA. rAe 
oh HAe y oncer ByKOBa paAa, ooh^ho noK.a3yje nrHopucaae By- 
KOBa paAa, nrHopncaae b\>ao lyAHOBaTO 3a CBaKora Kojn 3Ha 
EaKO ce HAeje yHoce, Hace^aBajy n ciueayjy. llyTekn o cBeny 
Tone, uito 6n My AyatHOCT £>H.aa o6opnTii npe Hero hito 5u cy- 
npoTHO paAHTn noieo, r. Mn^ojeBut je cnrypHO ocxaBuo, Aa ce 
aeroB nporpan Tpaaui y aeroBnai Ae-aniia. 

Bet HacyiOBH aeroBiix Kanra ,rtecMe n oSuqajn yKynHor 
HapoAa cpnch-or," n ,CeAaii cTOTHHa n neTpAeceT pa3Hnx oopeA- 
hhx necaMa n 2450. peqn H3 npaBe (CTape) Cp6nje* n t. a- 
noKa3yjy KopeKType, Koje mu Tpaatniuo. Hiije Aaiwe ynyuau mipoA 
cpncKn oho uito je ByK, o6eyiejK.HO, mije npaoa CpCnja OBa y 
kojoj mh jkhbhmo, Beb 0Ha Koja ce norpenmo 30Be CrapoM? 
Mn y HcmeMf hhcmo 3a to Aa ce Tpaatu npaBa (npeiua tiojoj 6n mo- 
pa^ia 6hth HerAe ueapaea a/in npuea) Cp6nja, jep Ham ce hiihh 
Aa je y nMeHy Crapa Cptfiija cMeniTeH iicTopnjcKH 3Hanaj Tora 
Kpaja HapoAa Hauier, Hero miTaMO caaio, je ,in to nyT kojiim he 
ce Hahn ynyuau HapoA cpncicn, Aa ce jeAue seM.te Bpx Apymx 
AHJKy, n jeAniiM KpajcBiuia napoAa npeiiMyhcTBO naA neuinia 
ApyniM y r.iaBy ycahyje? Ty je ceiae BenuTora Hecnop;i3yiM>eaa 
u pa3Aopa n OHAa, KaA ce Typcita cad.ta ck/iohii ca (ia.iKan- 
ckhx noAa. A ko oBano HcyAecniiM nyTeu HAe k yKynHocTii na- 
POahoj, KauaB Moate outii aeroB nojaai o TOMe caMOM HapoAy n 
o toj aenoj yKynuocTU? Kaito he nciiaAaTii BeroB ijm.io.iouiKii. 
eTHorpathciui, reorpa<J)CKn, ncTOpajcEH paA? yKynuocTii cpn- 
CKora napo,i.a jom 6o^e roBopn nmj)pa r. MiuojeBiiha. V upeA- 
roBopy K obiim iiecMana ctojh na .uicry AeBCTOM, ,\a Cp(5a «u& 
CBera 11,650,000! Kpacne mn|)pc, caMo k.ia 6e 6ra* y hcthhh! 



332 PAA&A ci'iiCKor ynEnor ai'vuitba 

Aah uaivi je 3a uyAO, uaico r. MiuojeBiih, fipuiiyhu ce to.ihko o 
eTHorpa<J)nJH h y3 H.y o crapiiHH, HiiKaA ne uomhc.iii kslko Cm 3a 
jeAau napoA oa (MH3y 12 Mii.auoHa iipiMiiKOBa./io, Aa je y OBaKBOM 

KftllJKCBUOM, IipOCBGTHOM H II0./1HTH«IK0M HO^lOJKajy, y KOM JG CpiICKU! 

A aito thx 11,650,000. mt.uisn iaMo no 'reopiijaaia h>itobiim, KaKO 
je uaiiBiia KH>HJKeBua iwyApocr H>eroBa, KaA He bhah, kOvIuko Ayro 
Moace Aa Cvac oa mhcih y iviaBii naTpHOTa ao ({jama y iictiihh! 

KaA ko Kyna neoie, neii3MepH0 je Baacuo, KaKaB noryieA oh 
HMa na HapoA, na je3iiK, hu A»J a - /ieKTe > H Ha CBe 0H0 > mT0 y re 
3HajieHUTe nojaBe auiBOTa HapoAHor y./ia3ii. C Tora iiporoBopiicMO 
obo o TOMe, Kciko mhom r. MiMojeBiiti o yKynHocra HapoAa, II c 
Tora hemo biiacth una r. MiwojeBHh roBopn o Anja.ieKTHJia. 
CacTaBiiBinn jeAaH ueo nojaM o cpncKOM je3nuy ByK Kapauah je 
Hamao y tom je3iiKy Tpu r^iaBHa AHJayieKTa; jyatHH, uctoihh ii 
3anaAHii. T. MiuojeBut, kojh HiirAe He Bojyje npoTOB Byica, yBeK 
paAH Kao Aa ftera Hiije ouao, npojiasii mhmo aera, Kao Aa oh 
HHJe 3Be3Aa upBe BCflnqirae, Hero HeKaitaB acTepouA y MpauHOJ 
iiyHiiHii. TaKO oh He cnoMHaykn HuuiTa ByKa, AeviH cpncKii je3HK 
Ha nei AHJa/ieKaTa. 

1. fr = e; 2. i = h; 3. b = nje; 4. b = je; 5. b — ja. 

IlpBH oh 30Be: AyHaBCKO HcKapcKO CTpyMHHiKHM ; APyra 
CaHCKO-yHCKo-jaAaBCKHM, Tpefeu: BocaHCKo-MiiAaniKHM; qeTBpTii: 

BojaHCKO-jlHMCKO-HeTHftCKUM ; neTIi: ,Zl,pjKH^OBCKO-KOCTypCKIIM. 

Aa ce ynycniMO y cyi>eH>e oHora ihto oh roBopu o Heno3- 
HaTiiM KpajeBiiMa u Auja^eKTBMa, momu 6ucmo ii caam ce6u He- 
BepoBaTii, c Tora Leaio Tpa/KHTU jviepayio 3a Heno3HaTO y ohom 
uito Hasi je no3HaTo. H Aoiicia, KaA ce noraeAa n,enaH>e npeAe^a 
jyjKHOT roBopa, KapaKTepncaH>e jyatHor roBopa, Koje ce y kh>u3h 
r. Mu^ojeBHta H3;ia2te, noKa3yje He3Han>e to^iiiko, Aa ce r. 
MiMojeBnty y thm CTBapiiMa He CMe hh 3a hito BepoBaTH. Aa 6u- 
cmo ce caMHM necMana 6./iHJKe npiiMaKyiH, y3eheivio H3 Te 30iipKe 
necjie jyjKmiM roBopoM, Aa ce buau, HMaMO jih npaBa yuoTpeSnTH 
H3pa3e KaKBe ynoTpeSucMO, viah 6u HaM to Ha obom 36opy Cb^o 
HeA03B0ji,eH0. 

nocyiyniaJTe bh kojh no3Hajeie jyJKHu roBop, y KaKBUM ra 
yryieAiiMa oajarn H3 ycia HapoAnux h3hoch r. Mn-iojeBuk. : 

Asa ce rpaAa uauopje^y rpaAe. 



paae>a cpncKor yiEHor ApyinTBA 333 

Ja en, Mapo, upjejba TcmKOupjejba, 
TaMKoapjejba u upjefloopa upjejba, 1 
JeBo Te6n uepueB h upjecMma, 
Ha upjecAuuu mbcijpcko npjereHO, 
Oapjeflu mh ra^e n Komy.ty. 



IIIto ce oho Hoiy lujeue no hoiii. 



Ycpjefl EocHe, ycpjeA noHOCHTe. 

IIpocHO Me 3a fleejer roAHHa. 
Oflje aBac y BoA^eB n.iaHUHy 
Tje fiOJbeKe ao Ma^miiia M.iaAa , 
HteMJepe ce BHiue BaKO, ;ty6o ! 



y tom pe i ie Apyra cjeja JoBe: 
Ja Bora mh, moj upjemuAu opaTe, 
A moj 6paie 6jeowe JoBaH 6jeotce! 
Ja oora mh cjejuua 3anjbeTeo ! 



Y3je cyAe, na xofije Ha BOAy. 



To H3ycTH tbecpjenua My MajKa. 



BpaKo Moja, n>e6yflUTe .iyAa. 



Tje 3a je^iy upjeejeayje JoBy. 



y OBy KiiTy KpacoTa ii npaBHTinocTu jyamora roBopa Aa 
H3BaA»M0 HeuiTO H3 uixaMnaHe npBe KH>are r. MiuojeBiikeBnx 
necaMa (ctii. 206), 113 necMe, 3a Kojy bcih Aa je ca>i *u}>jt- 
uucao" joui 1860 toa. h naA h.om 03ro nanncao Eoccihckci: 
Oj AJeBoJKO HGMepiiKo! 
ytfu.io Te 340 ejejiuno! 
Xa xa MJeAeua! 
Xa xa poljoiia ' 



1 3a OBaj cuix hhko mc iic iioate yBepmu, Aa je uapoAun. 



334 PAAH.A ClTICKOr VHEHOr APVIilTBA 

XaJAe raKO, ja Ly BaKO, 

BhLciii Moja CBaicojaito! 
Xa xa Mje^ena! 
Xa xa pofyeiia! 

Th ce Hociim 11 houochhi, 

Th ce ojeAiim u jpyMJeuuw , 
Xa xa MJefleua! h t. a. 

V xoj necMii 3a Kojy mii 3Haaio Aa je neaajy miraiiKe h 3a 
Kojy He 3Hawo no *ieMy je r. MHAOjeBiih Moraine iiphuiuth Bochh, 
AOAa3e join ii obii cthxobh: 

Oujer ejesiuM Aa c' owcjeuuM, 
ua ao noAa necMe: 

XaJAe TaKo, ja ty BaKO, 
a oa no^ia : 

Xajflje TaKo, ja ny BaKO. 

A Taiinx iipimepa Moaie ce HanynnTH ko^iiiko toa ko jKe.in 
ii3 uiTaMnaHHx h U3 0Be aeroBe Kanre. Moaie nx ce Hatn 6ac- 

HOCflOBHO MHOrO. A Mil CMO OBOjIIIKO 3a TO H3HeyiH, Aa buahmo 

KaKo r. Mu.aojeBHh pasyMe inia cy AnjaAeKTn y oninTe, u KaKO 
ux y npupoAii (rAe je Haj^aKine) yjie qyTii it npeimcaxii. Mu 
mhcahmo, Aa caA o TOMe He Mome (5htu HHKaKBe cyMae, h paAH 
6hcmo 6um BHAeni OHora 3Haon,a hah BeniTaKa, Ma otkac, koju 
(5n noc/ie osora CMeo BepoBani r. MiuojeBnhy Ma y *ieMy ihto 
ce mie je3HKa n Aiija^ieKTa. H oBaj Ae^iHKaTHH nocMaTpaAan 
nrHopuine ByKa, u oh Ae-M Ha hobo AHJa^ieKTe, h nocTaB;La HOBa 
npaBHJia 3a anx! HocMaTpaaau koju Moaie Aa ^yje h Aa npe- 
annie oHaKO, KaKO ce mrAe neBaTii h roBopuiu ue Moowe. 

Aah ce r. MHyiojeBiik y onuiTe oA-flUKyje THMe, Aa CBe 3Ha 
ApyKqnje Hero caB ociaAH Hayimi cBeT. Oh Kopn Hauie rpaMa- 
Timape hito Hiicy OApeAHAH wxa je to AQJa^ieKaT, na oApefyyje 
caM. IIo aeMy ce AujayieKTii fl,eAe camo no fl&ozAacuuiiuMa, a 
ABor^iacHiiK My je n h, ABOMacHUK oa a h e. TaKo ce Taj i. 
(nporHBHO OHOMe ihto cy yiayni: ByK, HaBao J. Ula^apnK, Mu- 
Kjioinnt, fl,a,nm\ih, Jarnk) cmbsl KaA y hhcto a, KaA y e. Be- 
tHHOM ce, Kaace r. Mn.iojeBnk h CAHBa y a, aAH HMa TparoBa y 
B,pHoj Topu u Xepn,eroBHHu Aa ce o/iho u y e. TaMO ce Ha npn- 
Auay roBopn 3ep y mccto 3ap, cnemuja y mccto cnaMuja. Toboph 

AH Ce TO HAH He, MU My KaO HII 3a CBe OCTa.iO, 6uAO UCTHHa He 

611.10, He CMeMO eepoBaTH, AOKyie join ko noy3AaHHJn He Kaace, 



PA/*H>A cpncKor y^Euor apvoitba 335 

a.m je 3HaTHO, Kaso oh'mhc.ih Aa je y peqa 3ap oho a necTO 
b, u y peia CKCiMUJa Tauo iicto ! To uoKa3yje Aa nope.i cBera 
niTO je HeniTO qinao, h.ih yino, Bp^o c/ia6"o pa3yjie, ima je iic- 
Topuja jesuKa, niTa cy rpaHaaa n-eroBa u KaKO ce do ftusia paAU. 
IIlToroA y onnrre HaBeAe 113 ncTOpujcKe rpasiaTiiKe, noKa3yje, 
oHaKO iicto Kao n oho e Anja.ieKTiiMa, Aa 3aH> Hiije 6h.io Ha 
CBeiy ByKa Ct. Kapannha, HaBjia Jocacfm IIIa^apiiKa, 4*p- Mu- 
K.iomiiki, r E>. /laHuinka H Jaruha. Petn ce He MOJEe Aa 3a h>hx 
He 3Ha, a.iH aao hx je qnTao, AOHCTa Hiije pa3yjieo niTa tij .i>yaii 
xoLe, h oko ^era ce tpyAe. HHaie He oh roBopno cTBapn, Koje 
je 6hao c^io6oaho y nayna roBopaTii cano npe no»ieHVTnx .tyAii 
h bhxobhx Ae-ia, a HimaKo nocyie, 113 CTpaxa, Aa cbojv naMei n 
HayKy He iisjiojkumo najropnu oneHaiia. 

y onniTe y CBuaia noivieAHMa r. Mn.iojeBnha B.iaAa Taua 
nda OABOjeHocT oa CBera OHora, nrro ce ao AaHac SHa.io u ap- 
mayio, u uiTO cbu SHano u APffiHMO. H>eroBa je reorpatjmja Hauinx 
3eMa^a APytwija, aeroBa iicropiija ApyKHiija, H>eroBa eTHorpa- 
(f)HJa APyK^HJa, H.eroBa Aflja^ieKTO^orHJa, o kojoj roBop cBpmiiCMO, 
ApyK^iHJa. IIo H,eroBOJ ua npiuiiKy reorpaiJtiiJH Apai je y 3eTH, 
„$HMticKa Haxuja bo Oapa Cp6nja seM^a Tpakiija", B BoAeuch"a 
HaxHJa bo Orapa Cptfuja, 3em;La MateAOHnja", ^fljHRasbOBo, Clap 
Cptfnja, 3eM^a A^iOaHiija', „KocTypcKa Haxuja, CTapa Cp6nja 3e- 
MJba A^iCaHiija". (UecMC yKyn. Hp. cpn. I.). V. Mn.iojeBnky je 
caAauiftif ElKim HeKaAauiH>n Cpdm, na npe/iuBeH y IIlKiina. ( raMO 
162) TpHH, n,imn;apii. B.iacn, Ta/mjaHon, Typou no H>ejiy cy no- 
CTa.iH oa ^ucthx CpCa (oneT Taaio 162) n TaKO Aa.te. CioBeHCKa 
3ajeAHon,a r. Mn^iojeBniiy je cpncna, jyroc.ioBeHCKa xaKo ucto. 
Oho cy caMO norpeiimn ua3iiBii. Ysmi&ie caiio H>eroBe Oa.iomkc 
U3 iicTopuje Cp6a ii cpucKiix — jyroc^oBencKiix — 3eiua.i.a. na 
teTe Hafen oAMax y caApacajy i.aaHKe: Cno>ieu Hamera Haptua y 
HiiIjhjh, TparoBii o ueitaA- JKUB.i>en>y Cp6a y Hiifyiijii, TparoBu 
iKiip.AeH>a CpucKoz y A^pnnir, cTanoBany Cpoa y Ma.ioj A njn. 
o nponacTH Cp6a y Ma^ioj A3HJii n o AO.iaci;y erapnx .le.uuia u 
PiiMjLaHa y cpuctce senile. A nyno Tauiix cTuapn, Taivo aroAHHX 
3a BepoBan>e, TaKO yAecnux u npoKpiiTiiKOBaniix uatiii ln'ie rAe 
toa xoheTC y cBaKOJ kh>ii3ii r. Mii.iojeiiiilia. oiia-nio je no bcto- 
pujy name liayice, iiito je na petjiepaiy eojh je iiouk't CpncBOM 
yienoM APywTBy Aa uiTaamaH>e tiix OA^omai;a nOTnoHOrae ca 70 
AyKara. iiOTiincan npo<|)ecop cpncite n onum 1 itCTopuje »3 li.iiue 



336 taahjA cpncKor yREHor a^vihtba 

6eAune mKOAe r. II. CpeLiiOBiiL. Ako ce TaKu nocTyimn y nac 
Mopajy pa3yjieBaTH OHaKo icaKO ce pasyaieBajy y cBejiy ocTayiosie 
CBexy, oiua to 3Haiu, Aa r. npot|). CpeLicoBuL h caM raito mhc.ih, 
oko ce y oA-ioamnMa mime, iuii CapeM Aa Apani, Aa rase mu- 
cah HMajy 6yAyIiHOCTii, a TaEii ua^im iiciiHTHBaH>a Aa je oa Ka- 
KBe toa Kopncrii 3a Hayicy. Ako oh mhc.ih APyKiiije, Bajta.io 6u 
Aa cboj nocTyiiait caiu o6jacHH. 

'Jiihh Ha>i ce onex, Aa cmo mh Bpyio Aa^eKO oACTyiiiuiH oa 
CBoje CTBapu, h Aa obo y pe^epaxy o necMaMa Hesia Mecta. AjIh 
HHje TaKo. CKAaA yMa jeAHora lOBeKa H3Bop je cBeny dito oh 
paAH, n caA he Te bhacth, Aa cy 3CnpKe necaiia r. MiuojeBiiLa 
OHane KaKBe cy 3a to TaKe, uito je Taita KpHTHKa, HCTopiija, 
eTHorpa()jnja h reorpa(J)HJa r. MnyiojeBiiha. 

C'BaKOMe, kojii ce HOAe obum CTBapiiMa hah 6&buo hah hh- 
i'epecoBao, Snte no3uaTO, Aa ce oa npn^une 3Ha, KauaB oOauk 
npnnaAa HapoAHoj yMOTBopHHu. ./lauo ce cnpan Tora Moate no- 
3HaTii uiTa je caaiOTBop HapoAHii, uiTa au je yjieTaK no3HHJer 
BpejieHa uau pyKe npenncaieBe. OnoMUH>yIiH Ha to mo^ihmo Aa 
ce cac.iyuiajy obh hchhch : 

1. HIto mh KOHa y ceao omhac, 

H KOHHHa Koca oko 4>eca. 

Aa mh je ce c kohom caciaHyTu, 

He 6' jKa.iuo noAa Mora 6\/iara, 

Hoacl Cnoujba zpa^a uapeeoza 

H IIpu3peHa zpa^a Kpajbeeoza, 

Join, Cyeuwe Cna^pa ua Bojauu. 



2. Jbeua th je Xa.iuA-are .tyoa, 
4a je jLeBine y cboj Bochh HeJMa, 
y cboj Bochh hu y EpHeroBUHii, 
Hv y ouoj PawKoj ujbejneHUTOJ 
IIjbeMeHUToj 3eMJbu uohocutoj , 
Hu y Pait&KOJ hu y AMauuju, 
Hu y Cpjemy hu y /^cuiMcmuju, 
Hu XpeaTCKoj 3eMJbu uohocutoj 
Jom cyeume hu uapjeeoM zpa^y, 
IJapjeeoMe zpap,y Tome Cnoujby. 



paah>a cpncicor y^EHor aphhtba 3 37 

3. H3 necme KpajbeeuK Mapno u Mujar xapaM6awa. 

Ceo MapKO Be^ep BeiepaTii, 

y TpHKa^iH y Tpn Be^e Ky/ie, 

Ha ouany CBora CTapor 6a6e, 
no tom ny ce jtyo'a xy^u oBaKO : 

Jom Me hucu y poA oaboaho, 

dapoM 6a6u n cTapnun MaJKH, 

A Ha pen.H /jjihhhh AyaaBHy, 

Hu 6pafcaMa y IIoroHa rpaAa, 

A na pen.ii BojyinH Be^HKoj 

y IIpuMopjy MecTy nuTOMOMe. 
3a thm ce KpeLy Te nyTyjy: 

IIpaBo HAy BeorpaAy 6e.ioM, 

TAeHO ceAH cpncKa napeBHHa, 

UapeBHHa cpCcKa rocnoAiuiuea, 

TAe ce cjajy ijpKBe MaHacmpu, 

Kao jacne Ha HeCeey 3Be3Ae, 

TAe imajy hphii Ka^y^epu, 

Tji,e ho yie nonu npoTononn, 

Kao 6oaiHJn Ha HeCecy cBenu. 

KaA cy 6ii.hi y uo.ty innpoKOM 

Ha /l,y H ^ B uy H a Ay miII * H pemi, 
MapKO roBopu ■kyo'ii, KaA je 3aApeMao: 

Ta 3aneBaj TaHKO, iviacoBUTO, 

PaaroBopn Tpu rope 3e;ieHe, 

ToMopnHy BucoKy n.iaHUHy, 

HeMepniKy ropy noHaJBiimy, 

TpaMaAHDiy xaJAyiKy ii.iammy, 

A u IpiiBy Ta36imcKy n/iammy, 

Te pa36yAH MeHe oa caHOBa. 
A MajaT KaA je oTiimao y xajAyKe oa •Byo'aBii, hito unje 3a h> 
nomaa .fcyCa MapKOBa, 

H ocTaBH rpaAa napeBora 

Ty Asaohij toz upiiMopcKoi zpa^a. 



4. Bhho mijy rpn cpncKe BOJBOAe, 
Buuo nujy Tpu cpncsa jyiuiKa. 
Ca-flHa uapa, iipccn.iHa CTenaHa, 
Bam y Baftcicoj na toj pemi H6py, 

r.i.vcsHB xxxviii. 



338 



1'AAH.A crncKor VIEBOr APyiUTBA 



Ha tom HCpy Mapimir rojieMoj, 
HoKpaj PainKe BOAe napoc.iaBiie, 
y OHora Pe^te KpiL/iaTora. 
IlpBO 6euie Kpa^eBHLy MapKO, 
Oa IIpHjiHiia rpaAa Be.iHKora, 
Oa tlpiMHiia HacpeA cpncKe 3eM.se, 
Apyro 6euie Miwoni OOuAuhy 
Oa Ilcmepja rpaAa BC/uiKora, 
Bam H3 cpeAe OHe cpncKe 3eMJte, 
Tpete 6enie Pe^a KpiuaTima, 
A oa BaftCKe MecTa nuTOMora, 
Ha Mapnua Ha bc/ihkom H6py. 
Houito cy TaKO miAii rpu ue^ejbe euuo a nerepTe pauujy, 
neie not>y. 

KaA cy 3ApaB0 PaniKy npefipoAHjni, 
HpBO bay rpaAy CanoKOBy, 
CaMOKOBy, rj.ieMoj qapnmJH, 
y aeMy cy AyiH Kpajmimimu, 
Hena xyHa tapa hh umfeapa, 
OAaT.ie cy no6pe yAapn^ie, 
HpaBo BAy Ka Tphobh rpaAy, 
y Tphobh no6pe umtapiMe, 
HlHtapn^ie 3a HeAe.&y Aana, 
OAaivie ce no6pe noKpeHy/ie 
A ao HOBe Berime TpnoBe, 
Ao TpuoBe ao Te cBeie neTse, 
CBeie EeTKe, CTape cpncne MaJKe, 
CBeToj cy ce cMepHo noooHiLin, 
OAaivie cy no6pe yAapu/ie, 
Ka IIupoTy BeyiiraoMe rpaAy, 
H ryHa cy Jbyru KpajumHHOH, 
Heua hu Ty hapa hu muhapa; 
OAaivie cy noope yAapayie 
Ka 4BopnniTy MecTy ro^eMOMe 
Ka ABopiiniTy Ha IJepy dbtomom, 
Cii.ihom rpaAy oa TpniviaBa CTapa, 
4BopoBHiua MnAow-OOuAnha,. 
^iacrviAn ce y 4BopuniTy CBeiviy, 
x IacTu.ik ce 3a HeACky Aana. 



1-aah.a cracKor yqEHor APymTBA 339 



OAaT/ie ce no6pe noAHmy.ie, 
IIpeje3AHine HlyMaAHJy paBHY, 
IIIyMaADJy KpBaBy KpajuHy, 
IIpaBO hay rpaAy TproBiiniTy, 
Ha Paminmi perann Ma/ieHOJ, 
Ha toj Ma./ioj PamKH Ba-aoBiixoj 
H Ha Ma-aoM H6py myMaAUHCKOM. 
x IyAaH innhap noope yqiraiue, 
y^HHU.ae uintiape Berime, 
Ebijy BnHO 3a AeseT HeAe^a, 
A paisujy 3a Tpu mh HeAeibe, 
CBe 6es nape u AHHapa Ce^ia, 
Y3HMajy *iojy h OAeJia, 
CBe 6e3 nape h AQnapa 6e.aa, hta- 

5. ^yBa OBne Mn^mi,a AeBOJKa, 
y jeApeHCKOM no&y miipoKOMe, 
y jeApeHCKOM y cpucKoj Kpajumi. 
A y TypcKOM ibyTOM Bu/iajeiy. 
KaA je onyio oko HtauAnje, 
AojaBH^ia CTaAo Ha HCipana, 
Ha HopaHa CTyAeHy Mapnuy. 



6. Hs necne Ifap Ypow u Majna My, y wojoj ce nesa, 
KaKo je ypora yBpeAno Majity, na o H a He he au My pnpocTH, Bet 
ca3HBa ca6op. 

OHa CHTHe KH>nre Haiinca^ia, 

IlpBy mime cbctom naxpnjapy, 

A y Heiin y cBeTOMe rpaAy, 

Xeno CBemi cayato'y OTnpaBjtajy 

A aiil)e./iii .ly^iana cBiijeT.u'. 

TJeHO aay&H Tpn cTOTime upkbii, 

Cbc y IletiH u okojio Helm, 

HoCpaiiiMC TpucTa ii me3AeceT, 

HeOpojehu IIpii3pcHa nouocHa, 

x IyA0 cBeTa, r/iaBy oa CpCaje, 

H aeroBe npKBe MOHacTiipc. 

BIto mh nojy Bora jcuniora. 

H H>eroBa cmia cnacineiba. 



340 paa&a CPiicKor yqEHor AryniTBA 

He Cpojekn cBexor ApaHt)e./ia, 
'3a,fl,yfli6mie napa CH^iouora, 
H 4 e ^aHa, itpyiie y cBiijexy, 
KpyHe cBeTa a y cpeA CBeTa; 
Apyry nnme cpncKOM naTpnjapy, 
y OpH^a rpaAa Ha je3epy, 
TJeHO nina pn6e CBaKOJaue, 
IIoHaJBHuie opuACKe Kennre, 
H jeryjbe Aa je o-iafye Heiaa, 
y no CBeTa n no.ia rociiOACTBa; 
Tpefcy uia^e y Co^yna rpaAa, 
y Co^yHa rpaAa Be./iHKora, 
Bejiiraora rpaAa nuTOMora, 
ynpaj cnn>er Mopa Ae6e.aora, 
A Ha pyKe cpncKOM naTpnjapy, 
M^ai>eiw 6paTy ohoi netancKora 
H oHora, noopo, opnACKora; 
A qeTBpTy y JeApeHe rpaAa, 
y JeApeHe rpaAa Ha upajimn, 
Ha KpajnHH cp6cKoj rocnoAiuTimH, 
Ha KO^eHo cp6cK0Me B^iaAHKn; 
IleTy inajbe y KpajoBa rpaAa, 
y KpajoBa Ha pjenn A-ithh.ii, 
Ha KO^>eHO cp6cK0Me ka&auw 
Ha KpajnHH cpncKOJ rocnoAmrnHn, 
A y Ma^ioj hohochtoj MaHBH; 
IHecTy KH>nry rocna onpaBH^ia 
EeorpaAy na Thch pnjenn, 
y 6oraToj hohochtoj Ma^iBH, 
H BaHaTy MecTy hhtomomg, 
Ha KO^teHO cpdcKOM naTpnjapy, 
IIoHaJM^iai)eM 6paTy naTpnjapa; 
CeAMy mnry rocna OTnpaBii/ia, 
A y Peity rpaAa Be.iHKora, 
Kpaj JaApaHCKor Mopa Ae6e.iora, 
A OHOMe cp6cK0M naTpnjapy 
JVLialjeM 6paTy netcKor naTpnjapa. 
OHa CKynn ceAaM naTpnjapa, 
H CTapana cbcth <5oroxBa.ia, 



paah.a crncKor y^EHor APyniTBA 341 



A B3 cpucKe 3eMAe noHocnTe ; 
Ocmy KH>nry rocna onpaBn.ia. 
y ByAHMa rpaAa Ha AyHaBy, 
Ha KO-foeHy cp6cKOM naTpnjapy, 
HaJMyia^eMy 6paTy naipujapa. 
H H>era je rocna A03UBaaa. 
Join Aa BnAnnr cn.ie n rocnoACTBa, 
H obo joj AOCTa He 6ujame, 
Bene Kynn CBe cp6ctte B.iaAUKe, 
IIo(5paTHMe, cto n TpnjecT Aynia, 
CBe cn^HHJex cp6cKHJex BjiaAHKa, 
Ochm ceAam cpo"cKnx naipujapa, 
H ocjiora opaia HaJMJiatjera, 
Ochm ohu npoia, uryMaHa, 
Ka.iyfyepa, npHH pu3Hunapa, 
IIonoBnMa hh 6poja ce He 3Ha, 
CBe cneoBa cpocunx naipujapa, 
Kojn 3HaAy KH>nre CTapoc/taBHe, 
CcTapociaBHe ltanre napoAaBHe, 
Kojn 3HaAy, KaKO TocnoA xone, 
KaKO rocnoA n cBeTa My npKBa, 
Koja Aaje napcKe anaHeTe ; 
Apyre Kftiire rocna onpaBii.ia 

IIO CpSlIJH H CpOCKOJ KpaJHHH, 

Te A03HBa CBy rocnoAy cp£>cKy, 
CBy rocnoAy Ma^y n Be^iiiKy, 
Be3 pa3yiuKe poAa n nopoAa, 
H oHora WHa rocnoACKora, 
TocnoACKora poAa cnaxnjcnora, uta. 



Benie MapKO Monne HeateaeHO, 
IlaK mu Bejiu cbojoj CTapoj Majnu: 
„Ciapa MaJKO, pyBo Aa mu AaBam, 
He Aa jaBaM ao UpuspeHa rpaAa, 
y Hpii3pena y Kpa&eBa rpaAa, 
Cpncita Kpa^a cBeiora CiiMoua, 
TaMO iima . leiia uane-rane, 
Kanexaue oa QpeapeHa rpaAa, 
Oa IIpn3peHa oa CBexora rpaAa. u t. a- 



342 



paa&a cracKor y«iEHor AryniTBA. 



8. Kajionepo Ilepo! 
IJIto Me 30Benj, Je^o! 

— Otbop' rpaAy BpaTa, 
Te CpaBe ro^ieMe, 

H Te dpyre Be^e, 
Oa 3BeiaHa rpaAa, 
H oa Tor ^ciaHa. 
„A inTa Lew y rpaAy?" 

— Aa npoBeAeai BOJCKy, 
„A iHJa je BojcKa," 

— BoJBOAe /l,paraHa. 
„A injer BoJBOAe?" 
Kpajba ByAHMirpa, 
„A injer je Kpa-ka?" 
Tora cpncKor, Jeiio! 
„A nrro te My BojcKa?" 
Aa Tepa ABape. 

„II[to ABapH iuHe?" 
Hacn^yjy Cp6e. 



„A iino iiacn.iyjy ?'• 

IIIto hx Cp6n roHe. 

„A KyAa hx Toner- 

• IcM.tH ABapujn. 

„A rAe hm je seM^a?" 

IIpeKO Mopa ciiaer. 

^A rAe je ByAHMHp?" 

Othiiio Ccayny. 

„A niTa te Co.iyHy?" 

Aa AOBeAe BojcKy. 

„A niTa te co-ayHCKaV" 

KpnneHa je BojcKa. 

s A KO je KpCTlIO? 1, 

Cbcth nap AaBHAe. 
„A oTKyA AafiiiAe?" 
Oa ByAHMupa AaBUA- 
„A dito Aa je kpcth?" 
UIto My rocnoA peie. 



H aKo BaM ce Mor.io yiuHiiTn, Aa teTe Ha Kpajy OHe Bete necne 
Hatu noTnacaHa KaKBora jepoMOHaxa hah t>aKOHa kojh ce y cbojoj 
noje3iiju AOXBaTHo HerAe Ma.ao reorpa^aje, h mhcjio Aa je CBe 
HdnHa n 3a Ka3HBaH.e npn^niHO, iuto Moate ro naTpnoTH3aM ate- 
Aein — to BaM ce 036aJbR0 HyAu Kao HapoAHa necMa, h aEO 
teie, uao rpafya 3a cpncKy npKBeHy ucTopnjy ! ! DlTa Mncaine! 
KojiHKa cpeta 3a Cp6e dito cy umajiu to.ihko rocnoACTBo u na- 
Tpnjapxe, na AaHac HeMajy! Aak HMa Tora join! Ko 6n mhc/iho 
npe r. Mn.iojeBHta, Aa te ce y HapoAHiiM necMaMa Hatii rpafye 
3a reorpatjmjy ? A HMa Te Kaico KpacHe, n auo 3a ay hhko ao 
AaHac HHJe ca3Hao. OiBopnTe „nyTonnc Ae.ia npaBe — dape 
— CpSuje" I., na teie Hatn Aa je CaMOKOB cpncna noKpaJHHa 
(31), Aa je OcTpoBHD,a na PyAHHKy BHme Be^ieca, Aa je Ma^Ba 
M^aAa Kpaj>eBHHa, h nyHO TaKHx oa KOHna hobhx iiiaeHHua, 3a 
Koje hhko HHJe 3Hao, na Hete MoatAa hh oa caA 3HaTH. 

Ho H3 cBera oBora iHTaonn cy ap^hmo, BHAe/iH, KaKo HMa 
HeKa cBe3a Mefyy 36opHnnuMa necaMa r. Mn^iojeBnta n aeroBOM 
eTHorpa^HJOM, reorpa<|)HJoM h hctophjom. 

HaMa ce Kao pe^epeHTHMa, kojh cy cpetHH Aa Hiuajy caM 
pyKonnc npeA oiHMa, yKa3ayia npu^iuKa, Aa bhahmo u KaKO je 



paah.a cpiicuor yiEHor APyniTBA 343 

nocTaja^ia Ta cBe3a. Y 36opHiiKy r. Mn-iojeBHta una Ha Kpajy 
npenaca, Koje je c MecTa oa cbojux AyAu Aoonjao. Y Toaie py- 
Konucy, BHAe ce AQAaTBH aeroBOM pyKOM h MacTH.iOM, AOAamH 
Bp^io oco6uTe npnpoAe. TaKo y jeAHOj necsra (raG. 18. 6qaq 
xapxiije) ctojh ctbx: 

J\a, nAeaio Ha Co^nja 
(h AOAaTaK r. MnyiojeBiikeBOM pykom) 

Ha Co(f)uja Kpajb Mumjtuh. 

V 542-oj necMH (20. t. 6. x.) 

Huje BOAa, Hnje .fcyTa 3Mnja, 

TyKy mu je MapKo y tbmhhhh, 

3aTBopeH je ao AeBeT roAuna, 

3aTBopn ra M,ial>aHii HHKO^a, 

Ta HuKOAa, MJiap,u JyzoauKy. 
AOAaTO pyKOM r. MnviojeBiiLa. 

Ma.io Aa^e : 

H coKo.iy MapKO H3roBapa : 

Hocu KH,nry MOMe 6eyiOM ABopy 

EeJiy A6opy y HpuMiua zpa^a. 
AOAaTO pyKOM t. MiiyiojeBiitia. 

Ma./io Aa^>e : 

/l,o6po aioje, moju ainvm MapKO. 

Ja cu Miic/iaM qyBaui uoKpajima, 

IIoKpajuna y <J>uAuua zpa^a. 
AOAaTO pyKOM r. MuaojeBHha. 

Ma.ao Aa^e: 

IlaK ch oJAe y IIupoTa rpaAa, 

y Hupora CTap-Jyza Eoz^ana, 

H cwua uoj\iaAa HunoAa. 
AOAaTO pyKOM r. Mii/iojeBHta. 

Mu neheMO roBopiiTn o TOMe HHiiiTa, caMO cmo to <5imh 
Ayauin jaBHTH ii noKa3ara OBome 36opy Kao KapaKTepucni'iiiy 

CTBap, 6e3 HKaKBHX Aa/bHX II3BOt)CH>a. 



OcTaB^ajyiiii na CTpany Taj TaKO Aa pe^eMO oiiiutu ieo. 
noweAateMo Ha necMe r. Miwojeiuiha Kao ua uecMe. CBaK ce 
Ahbu oacinmocTii tckctu ii jesHKa y caaBnoj 3Gupmi ByKOBoj, 
a oa KaKo, y noc/ieAH>e Ao()a, 36opHimu neca>ia uiicy y liaiuo.j 
KBiuKCBHocTii unuaKBa peTKa CTBap, CBaK je, na je u KBHaeBHa 



344 paaba cpiicitor yiEHor ^yyiutba 

KpiiTHita ona3iua, a* one KJiacuuHOCTH TeKcxa n je3HKa Koja ce 
y ByKa Hajia3ii, HiirAe bhuic y onaicoj iipeopaHOCTii 11 'ihctiihu 
HeMa. To je 6iwa uiiiteHiiua, Koja je Harae KBHJKeBHiiKe nemiAO 
Aapiiy^ia. j\onAe cy Mar/ie iiyini eirry3HJacTii, y kojhx je OAy- 
meBAeibe i iecTo cyporaT MiiiiLteiba, jeAHaKO Kyinwu uito toa oa 
Kora qyjy, ApJKebu Aa he Taito CTiihu u.ui iiaritpir.iHTii ByKa, 03- 
Ohjlhiijii cy .fcyAn Tpaatuyiu y3poKe OHOMe uojaBy, h Hainan cy hx 
BehimoM y naAaH>y HapoAHe uoje3iije. To heie Haku y B. Jani- 
tcBOM petJtepaTy Ha B. IleTpaHOBiikeB 36ophiik HapoAHiix iieca>ia 
y „Radu II," to here uaku y i MaHqiihy r. M. PaKiika. „J\,& An he 
necTam iiapoAHe noje3iije 11 3aiuT0 he je HecTaTii" y „Bh,iu* 1868 
toa. A/in ii 6e3 o63npa Ha to, *ieMy Aanac hii Byn ca cbom 
cbojom KpuTmmouihy ne on Morao noMohn. moivio 611 ce noy3AaHO 
pekii Aa je AocTa y3poKa h y neeemTUHu cicyii^aqa, Koja ce 
HHJe HHKaA hii npHMaiua BemTHHii ByKOBOj. 

HapoAHa noje3iija Huje HnKaA hii paha^ia ce oBaKO caBpineHa 
Ha jeAaH Max n y AeceniHy roAHHa, Hero je kpiitiihkh Ayx ca- 
Mora HapoAa 11 aeroBux neBana oA^upao u AOBprauBao 113 nuTaBe 
roMHjie hobiix ii hobux ahcbhhx uecaMa 0He Koje cy 6u.ie ao- 
CTOJHe Aa ce ca^yBajy ii npoHecy h y Aa&e KpajeBe h y noToaa 
BpeMeHa. Ha hu Taj kphth^ikh Ayx HapoAHii HHJe y cBaKOM Kpajy 
h y cBaKO Ao6a 6uo Ha jeAHaKoj bhciihh. JeAaH oa .<inraiix no3- 
HaHHKa ByKOBiix Ka3HBao je, KaKO je ByK yBeK ioiao 3a jeAHy 
necMy eume TencToea c pa3Hux cipaHa, na on H3Metjy h>hx jeAaH 
Hiin ABa BajKHiija mTaiinao, 6npajyhu 0He kojii cy HajnoTnyHnjn 
ii Haj6oAn, a npennce oa pfcaBiix neBa^a ca cbiim OA6an,yjykH. 
Apyrn no3HaHUK ByKOB KasuBao je, Aa ce oh Ao6po o63npao, oa 
Kora he iiphmhth peg y CBOJy 6e./iejKHnn,y. TpaiKuo je Aa ce yBeK 
Ha uito jacHHJH Haiim ysepu, Aa je peg Aoucia 113 HapoAa, xieo 
je Aa je HMa yBeK 113 npBe pyKe, D3 uito noy3AaHujer ii3Bopa. 
EoivieAaJTe, KaKO Taj nocao paAu r. Mii-flojeBuli, noivieAaJTe y 
H»eroBe niTamnaHe 36opHHKe, na heie biiacth Henno ca cbhm npo- 
thbho. BbeMy je cBe CBexo, CBe OAaopaHO, CBe K/iacuiHO, ihto My 
ce toa OTK^ie AOHece, HapoiiiTO ano noAiMa3H hoa aeroBy erao- 
rpa<bnjy, ucTopujy n reorpa<|)ujy. Moate ra npeBapnTii ko toa 
xoke, a Hain/io 6h ce y3poKa ii 3a uito 6n ra Bapa.au. Ko He 
6npa cKyn&ane, u He nasu aoboaho iis KaKBa My nsBopa uito 
AO.iasw, OHOMe Tn ayah Mory cBOJe necMe noTypiiTii noA napoAHe, 
hjih HapoAHe ao Bo^e hckututh ohhm, 3a nrro 3Hajy, Aa 60 H>eMy 



taaba cpncKor j qEHor Ai'yniTBA 



345 



on.io no BOJbu. A Bp.io je MoryiiHO ah ce to ihhu. Cbiimr tum 
^yAuiia HHJe mi 3aAaTaK hu noTpeo'a Aa 3Hajy, Ko.iiiKa cjtu.io- 
^oinKa (Jjimoka, ko.iijko .hi 3Han>e Tpe6a, Aa ce ii3Bpmu n Ha- 
daBn nocao jeAHora ByKa Kapanaha. 113 TaKiix ii3Bopa n oa TaKe 
KpnTime mu MOJKeMO Aa ofijacmiMO, KaKO ce y 36opHBK Mory 
yByfcu Kpajite 6ecMHC.inn;e, 3a Koje je 3a lyAO, KaKO dx je to- 
,/ihko nyTa r. Mii.iojeBnh nponynnao. Y obom 36opHUKy A0.ia3e 
Ha npu^HKy OBaKii ctiixobu zpjiy: 

4,a BaM Kaa:e jacHo, ryiacoBiiTO, 

JeAHO rp^io, a AeBeT iviacoBa, 

JPAHa ycTa, aobct qeMupiiKa, 

JeAea Miicao, a Tncyt' noMuc.ni, 

CBana noMiic.i CBOje jaAe KaiKe, 

A ja CBiuia Hanie oa cTapirae. 

Ako ah we rp.10 He noc.iyraa, 

yLyTo Ly ce H>eny ocBeTinu. 

Ja My HeAaM BUHa hii paKnje, 

Hu eiiMina ,ie6a npeneieHa, 

Hu OBuyjcKa Meca Ae6e.iora, 

Bpato Moja, 3a roAUHy AaHa! 
Moaie .111 ce Hahn TaKO uito Ma rAe y ByKOBy 30opuuKY. 11 Mose 
.an 6iitu 11a kophct uaiuoj KH>nateBHOCTH sCophuk necaiia y KOMe 
HMa TaKnx ciBapu?... 

A OTBopure tipsy KH>ury Hyxoniica, cip. 29. na Leie Hahu 

H OBQKO M6CTO : 

DoineTa.ia Jena yAOBima, 
Hcdoa rpaAa 6e.ia CMeAtpeBa, 
CMeAepeBa Taypl^'Bora rpaAa. 
Ja KaKBa je Jeita yAOBiiua, 
Ja KaKBa je, jaAu je accii.hi! 
Ha H>oJ3ii je aubho OAUje./io, 
Oahjcio MyAO oa ncTime, 
JeAHO rpyio, a ao AeBeT naoMa, 
JeAHe rpyAH, a AeBeT fyepAaiia, 
j\bh yBeia, a Tpojc Miiuljyme, 
JeAHO TeMe, a AeBeT Kajima, 
JeAHa iviaBa, a acbct Ka.iuaiia. 
JeAiie pyKC, ABaecT tfe.HMiitvKa, 
JeAiio tc-io, a AeceT <|nic"nuia. 



346 TAAftA CPIICKOr VIEHOr apyhitba 

^Biije Hore, ABaAeciepe rate, 

Tpoje iH3Me atyTe ao Ko^eHa, 

Tpoje jsyxe, a Tpoje upBene, iita. 
iiaMiic.iiiTe ceoii, EaKBa je Ty cAuna, a Ko^iima GecMiic.uma! Ba^a 
3iiaTH, Aa je ry neciuy r. MiuojeBiih can 3a6e^iea£HO us ycia HeKe 
neBaiime rocnofye y CjueAepeBy. 

YjeAHOJ necMii rAe ce oimeyje KaKO ce ^y6e Ha cpeA 4ap- 
uinje, AO^a3e OBaKii ctiixohii : 

Tu ce ii.iauiiiin oa r Bayj»a, 

A He Hyiamiiiu oa Typmma, 

KaA Te JbyCn cmpa-mb Typmni, 

Tu He HpiiiiiTiiiu oa Typiuna, 

KaA Te Jby6u noran, cmpaaub! 

A.m. Aa ce n ougt ynyeriiMo y iicuucHBafte, Ham 6u pe<J>epaT, 
Kojn je u OHaKo HapacTao, paiiiiipno ce join BehMa. A H3 npe- 
fyawaux HaBOAa u 113 cBera iiito ce oBAe roBopiuo, mhcahmo a a 
je jacHO, Aa h 0Ba 36npKa, 3ajeAH0 ca cBHMa cyBpeneHiiMa, Cain 
h KaA ce Hajrl/iaate y3Me. sior.ia 6a. noKa3ara caaio onaAafte Ha- 
poAHe noje3uje. 

y <Jm./io.aoiiiKe CTpaHe Kyn^efta necana A0.ia3u u Tpaucnpuu- 
liuja. t. j. npenuc micro y3eT 113 HapoAHiix ycTa oa jeAHor iviaca 
ao APyror, oa pe^n ao peiu. Moivin cie ce hs AOcaA HaBofyeHiix 
KOMaAa ca>m yBepuni, Aa je je3UK y obiim necMiraa Hefipe^.tuBO 
iyBaH, KpaeH u (5aTa.MBaH. IIIto cmo BHAe^iu y 6ocaHCKiiM ne- 
cuaMa, oHone ce c npaBOM mokcmo HaAam 11 y ociaAiiM. Tpan- 
CKpunmija wacoBHa join je HeBepmija, nyHa HecaeACBeHocTu, TaKO, 
Aa ko 6u xTeo yuoTpefoiTu 36npKy Kao rpafyy 3a HayKy ryia- 
coBuiia, Hauuiao 611 Ha nyHO TaKax CTBapn, Koje 6n ra OA6ujie 
oa CBera. A y Hac, koju ce y CBeaiy nncaay cbom caysuMO $0- 
HeTHqKioi npaBonucoM, to je 6uao *iaKO, KaA ce Tora paAH y APy- 
rux HapoAa 3a OBaKe noc.iOBe HapoiuTO OACTyna oa yo6niajeHora 
npaBonuca u npn6eraBa (JiOHeTimu. 

H3 eTHorpa(|)HJe obhx HapoAHux necasia, kojoj HanpeA no- 
MuaacMO, biiau ce, Aa Byrapa jeABa rAe naia Ha 6a.iKaHCKOM no- 
yiyocTpBy. Huia HeKaKBa noAe^ia cpiicKor h SyrapcKar je3HKa y 
r. MiuojeBiita npeAroRopy, a.in fceie Ha aiax pa3yneTH KaKBa je, 
KaA eaM Ka»eMo Aa OHa pa'iyHa npocTo no u3roBopy ciapo c;iob. 
& u Aa je 110 H>oj cpncKu 11 : pana, panna, pena Kao 11 pyKa, 
a (5yrapcKH caMO pna-ra, uta. Ha iictom MecTy r. Ma^ojeBnt 



paah.a cpncKor yiEHor ABnnxBA 347 

roBopu, KaKO je m Tpor-iacHiiK, oneT Heuixo oa KOHH,a hobo h 
HiiKaA He^yBeHO y Haynn o MacoBima. Thm uao Aa ce 3a.i.OBO- 
isaBa r. Mu./iojeBnt, He y.ia3ehn hh y nua Biirue, a usia uecxa 
rAe Byrapima oAPHie Aa cy C.ioBeHii, Bet hx Tepa y MoHro.ie. 

Obo je cyBiiuie HeCpaxcKO h Heiionimnmo nocrynaH>e npeMa 
HajoVinaieM n^eneHy Ha ucxoity HaiueM. Ma.io je Cn.io bito Hac 
OBane CTBapn u ocBaja^Ka no/inxuKa y cpeAfteM Besy oannuie y 
xypcKO poncrBo, Hero xpe6a OBaitiiM noHainaH>eM npena Byrapmia. 
KaKBHM ce r. MiL/iojeBut OA-flincyje, y AaHauiH>e Bpejie Aa noHO- 
bumo cTapa 3aa. Hame je, Aa OAOiijeaio oa Hame .uixepaxype 
OBaKo Hen^ieaieHirre nociynKe; Hanie 6a 611,10, Aa 3a cmiHe no- 
CTynKe e oyrapcKe cipaHe He OAroBopiisio hobiim norpeumnsi uo- 
cxynoxraa. 

H^u ana texe petii. rocnoAO, KaA ce y peiHHKy npiuoate- 
hom oboj KH.H3H BOA peijy Eyeapun, Eyzapue inxa u Hayim Ha- 
Meayje obo: „ByrapnH, Byrap<ie, 30Be ce 3ApaBO npHOjiaaacxo h 
r.iyno AeTe. 06uqno ce TaKO 30By u MypAap-Aena, kojoj ce, KaA 
Ma.io nooApacTy, Aajy waxosi CBnae Aa iyBajy. Ho obom Ha3UBy 
gecTO ce AOHHiiju hotomiih h npe3iiBajy Eyrapiiiku, Kao hito je 
ciy^aj y jeAHOM ce^iy yatn^Ke Haxiije, rAe ce jeAHa opata oa 
poi>eHor cxpima 30By Byrapqutn, a APyra B-iaAiicaB/beBntu. CyBa 
a 3Jia Aeua odinmo ce 30By ApHayx, ApHayxsa, na oa Tor Ha- 
3HBa AOHHHJe iim noTOMHii npo30By ce ApHayxoBiitu. Byrap^ntn 
cy oChiho r^ynn u MypAapii, a ApHayqatu saw, naKOCHH h y6o- 
jiixu. IIpBii jiaxoM nyBajy cBiiite, a Apyrn ce AOtconaBajy cxape- 
iEimcTBa y 3aApyraMa". — /i,a au 6n cTe npHCia^in Aa obo HAe iioa 
^)hpmom CpncKor yieHor APyniiBa? 

Je3iiK jeAHora HapoAa He OABaja oa je3UKa APyrora HapoAa 
caaio jeAHa iviacoBHa 3ameHa, uau cano hcko^iiiko nojaBa. Ha u Se- 
vere nefyy cpncKiiM n 6yrapcKu>i hhcv iiyxHe ii npeBapHe. Jesimu 
cpoahux a cyceAHux HapoAa ncxnHa HeMajy jacno oSeyieateHiix 
reorpa<J)CKHx rpaHima, ohh ce npe.iiiBajy jeAaH y APyr»- C xora, 
Ha npiuHKy iiiua KpajeBa rAe ce xoBopn ynpaBo caeca cpncKora 
h 6yrapcKora je3iiKa. X I n j ii te tu KpajeBii 6hth, OAcyAute ncxo- 
pnja, OAcyAube Bo^a ohhx jtyAii kojb Ha xhji KpajeBiiiua iKUBe. 
A.iu, ai;o je AOiicxa cnac h Cp6a ii Byrapa y jyroc.ioBeHCKoj 
3ajeAHiin.ii ii ApataBHOBie caBe3y, Kao nixo Miic^ie AaHac CBe 03- 
Cajbue uoynixiraie iviaBe n y Hac ii y Byrapa, oHAa ii obo imxaibe 
He HCKa^e xuko omxpo Ha biiahk. UpaBa iipexeniHocx cc n oHatvO 

HUKaA HC UOCXH3aBa BIIKOM II IiyCIIIM lip03e.lIITH3MOM II KUBrOM, 

Bet cxBapHOM BpeAHomty. y ocxa.iOM ua'iiiu AOKa3iiBa&a y r. Mh- 
.lojeBiita na Kopucx Cp6a a npoxim Byrapa, xano je iMiixai; ii 
npeBpx.kiiB, Aa ce aime aiory ncio xano Ao6po noc.iy;Kirni ii 
Byrapn npoxiiB CpCa. Kano oh AOKa3yje && cy oieBUAHe ocooime 
CyrapcKora je3inta cpncKe, oiiaKO ncxo Mory xaKiiia AOKaau&ia 
Byrapu pefcn, Aa Hesia cpncKor jesinca, Bet Aa mh OBAe y Be- 



348 i'aah>a cpncKor y^EHor ai'Viiitba 

orpaAy nwneMO (JyrapcKU — thm 6a cc uia.ia iiCTima OAnia.ni.fla, 
a.o CTBap 0h ocxa.ia oneT Kao nixo je, leKajyhii .i>yAe, Aa je 
npoy^e h CBety otfjaBe. 



Ha saBpraeTKy cBera HMaMO Aa uaaieMo, Aa je inTaB 3CopniiK 
y3op HepeAa, He6pe;K^iiB0CTM h KitiuKeBHiiqKe HeMapjbHBocTii. Hiia 
nan n uiiciiiicKiix necaivia na niKiiiicitoMe je3HKy. IIptiMeAO'e, rpafya, 
HauoMeHe, TyniaieBa, necMe pa3H»x Bpcxa, npeiracKe n 3auncKe, 
CBe je to y xaKOM oViaaceHOM nepcAy jcaho y3 APyro, Aa 6a onaj 
kojh 6a xTeo kh>htom cyiyjKUTH ce kua ce naiiTajma, najnpe 
Mopao ypet;HBara je, iuhiith AaK/ie nocao H3AaBaicB, dito H3- 
AaBaiy hh Ha KaKBy AHKy Giitii ue Moate. Y ocTa/ioM 11 naA 36npKa 
He 6a niia/ia miKaKBiix APyrnx HeAocxaxaKa, APymTBo je no HaineM 
Mum^efty He 6a moivio HSAaTii noA cbojhm HMeHOM y OBaKBOM peAy. 

Pein cy KynAeHe Tauo hcto. Kao mxo ce y necMaMa Hoje 
o63upao Ha oho mxo je niTaMnaHO, xaKo h npeA peiniia cxojh 
Hcxiisa Aa cy „^o ^anac HeuaueuaTaHe, a a.iH to HHJe uciHHa. 
y aiOBy „n," Hanpn/iiiKy HMa r. Mu-iojeBiih 9 pe^a, oa kojhx 4 
ByK HMa, a caMO 5. HeMa. Koa 6ynapa ctojh y r. Mu-aojeBHta: 
„nrpa AeBOJaiKa cnpaM Meceiime ys 6e^iy HeAeyby h lacHu hoct," 
a y Byna noA tom penjy HMa He caiuo to, Hero h KaKBa je Ta 
nrpa. TaKO je CBe Henoy3AaHO n Henspa^eHo. lIoKpaj Tora pera 
Hocy 3anncHBaHe oHaKO, Kao djto 6a 6ajio oieKiiBaTii. HnjeAHOj Huje 
3a6e^eaieH asneHaT, 6e3 iera 6a jeABa Morje ytn y peiHHK kojh 
6a paAH^io y^eHO APymTBo, ano 6a ce oho Tora nocia npuxBa- 
thjio, HnjeAHoj Hiije Ka3aH0 niTa je 3HaTH0 y npoMeHH aeHOJ, 
jep h to qecTO ocTaB^a nojte Hara^an>y h He3roA'i; HujeAnoj 
HHJe AQAaHa peiemina, y kojoj ce nyje, Te Aa 6a a APyrn motau 
KOHTpo/incaTH AaTO TyMa^eae. A 6e3 Tora ce CBera He Kyne pein 
3a peiHHK! 

CnpaM CBera oBora noTnncami AP^e, Aa um ne Tpe6a HHmTa 
Biinie roBopnTii. Oacck je Morao h caM Bet yno3HaTu KaitaB je nocao 
npeA e>HM, a eTo y ocTayioM opnrnHa.ia u npeA h>hm, na AP- 
ffinMo Aa te no oBOMe moLh Aa.no cboj cyA H3peLii. 

C-rojaH HoBaKOBnk. 
MnyiaH KyjyHijHt. 



DR 



Srpsko uSeno druStvo, Belgrad 
Glasnik. 1. odeljak 
S67 
knj.38 



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