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Full text of "Glasnik"

■K 



riACHHK 



cpucKor yiEiior itpyiUTUA 



KftHTA 54 



PAcnPABE M 4pyrH m^ahu,h 



y BEorPAAy isss 

}• UITAMUAPHJH KPA^EBUHE OPliHJE 



Hn itjK>/i,iijjf ji nihil JieiijjHimn H. li(i.'io,nriifi(f 




301 



n P E r v4 E 4- 



CTPAHA 

1. TeopHja o noiipariioj ch.ih saKOwa. IlpaBHuqKa cxyAnja 
r.uiuie FepiuHha 1 

2. KaKO jejyje joa na moho- ii .iiiHHTpo-Au*eHH.i-THjOKap6a- 

Miu (Mera), oa C. M. ^loaaHnha 9 5 

3. O nocxajajby 4n6poM-AiiniiTpo-MeTaHa ii o BajinjepoBOM 
xeTpaHiiTpo-eTiuen-GpoMiuy, oa C. M. .loaaHnha • • • 99 

4. Ana.iiisa cpiicKHX MWHepaaHnx B04a, oa C. M. .loaaHiiha • 10 2 

5. HeKOJiiKO HOBHX oCpaaaaa aa 6poj KOMOHHauHJa ca sa- 
AaxHM aoiipoM, OA 4i>Mirfpiija Heuiiiha . . • . • • 1 1 1 

6. O cpe4»iiixy CHJia y pasHii y oniuxe, oa JbyCouapa. Kje- 
pHha. 115 

7. rpa*HHKO npeACxaBj>aH>e bpcahocxh npocxor OAHOca xa^iKe 

y HH3y II 3paKa y npaMeny, oa Ilexpa JrKuBKOBHha. • • 129 

8. Cxaifce u oahoch cpncKiix apxoHxiija npeMa YrapcKoj h 
npejia BiiaaHxiijH , y nojOBiiHii 1 2 Bena, oa H. Cpeh- 
KOBuha 155 

9. I^pna PeKa. Ilpujor aa iicxopajy h exuorpa^iijy Cp6HJe. 

Oa 4paro.ty6a K. JoBanoBiiha 187 

10. IbnoAu 113 saiiHCiiiiKa cpncKora yneiior ApyuixBa, 1883 • 257 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^H SAI^OHA. 



IIiiTaifce iioBpaTHOj cmii ^aKOHa 'layHiije je h iipaBHJe 
n3paateH0, Ka^ ce iiiiTa: na Koje ce rpaHHue y BpeieHy 
Mopa na3HTH iipH npiLiieHii npaBHHX npaBH^a (:mEOHa) na iipaBne 
OAHomaje ? Ha iipBH nor./ie/i, to imTaH>e ne mrAej^a 6aiii TaKo 
leniKO H aan^eieHO h Beoma iHorii jie mhcjihth /],a je na aera 
noTnyno h ripso o/i,roBopHO, Ea/i. H^peKHe oho laKo npocro, jacHO 
H HecnopHO npaBH^o ^a ,,3aE0H nema noBpaiHe ciiAe". 
IlMa ^H Kora, kojh to npaBH^o ne iioanaje h ne npnaHaje ? Ila 
He caMo A^ ce oho npocTO Ten iipnaHaje Kao npaBiMo, nero oho 
ce nocTaBAa Kao BeoMa BaavHO, ochobho naqe^o npaBHora jkii- 
BOTa, 6e3 Kora 6h cBa npaBHa 6e3()e4H0CT, KaKO CBOJHHa TaKO h 
c;io6oAa rpat)aHa (mAH y onacHOCTH, Ka/i, oh saKon Morao MJiaTH 
CH^ie H yn^MBa na npaBHe OAHomaje h noc^one, kojh cy npe 
ftera nocTa.iH'. To MoatAi' hhko HKJe eHeprMMHHJe h jaTO h3- 
pa3H0 ho B e h :ai a m e h K o h c t a h Ka^ je Ka3ao : .. IIoBpaTH:! 
CHiia 3aK0Ha je naJBeliH aTenTaT kojh iioate 3aK0H x*^ yvnnn; 
H,oMe ce pacEHAa ApyniTBeHH yroBop, H,0Me ce noTHpy h dpHray 



' KaA OH saKOH HMao EOBpaxHe CHje, OH^a »la vie, la fortune, et I'lion- 
neur des citoyens, prives de toiile garantie. seraient eternellement 
en question; on vivrait dans une inquietude perpetuelle: la societe 
ne serait pas possible!'^ bbar Fr, M our Ion, Rep. ecr. sur 1. pram, 
ex. de code Napoleon T. I. cxp. 46. — TaKo hcto P r a d i e r - F o d e r e, 
Principes generaux de droit etc. cxp 89; h Apyi'n. 

IVIACHHK LIV. I 



2 TtOI'lIJA O IIOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AKOHA 

OHU YCJOBH no K...jnMa ApyiiiTBc) ii5ia npaBO Aa 'ipaa^H noKOpa- 

BaiLe' n no.-^YiiiHOCT nHAiiBUAye E o b p a t h a c h ^ a o A y- 

nflMa saKOHy H,eroB KapaK-rep; saKon kojh HMa noBpainy 
i-iuy TO Hiije :uiKOB-^'. K Aoncia je npasn^o Aa saKOH 

H e M a II n B p a T H e CRAe ]iAE fflTO je TO HCTo"'' I Aa HOBH 3aK0Hl 

He Mory ,yipaTU y cTeqena npaBa (jura qiiaesita, droits 
acquis), to je iipaBHAu Ba3Aa upnsHaBaiio y iipaBHOMe ^HBory 
jeBpoiicKiix napoAa oa rrapora AoCia ao Aanac. Y piMCKOMe 
iipaBv niie j.' ii!iji!i>e iipt'Uii^Ho 11 jacHo nspeqeHO*, 3a thm je 
iipuM.LeHo y KaHOHCKO iipaBO y cpeAfteM BeKy, Bp./io npeTemna 
ra B.'hiiHa iiiicaua CTapnjiix n hobiijbx iipnsHaje h oho je yniAO 
Tai;ui)t^ y HOBiije 3aK0HHEe*. 

liy 11 aKo je TO iipaBHAO TaKO oniirre npH3HaT0, ii aKO 
OHM ji3r^eAa TaKO iipocTO, jacHO h Hecnopno, nnaK oho npn npn- 
MOHii iia iiojeAHHe ('.lyqajeBe nocTaje jeAHO oa HajxesKHX h 
H a j 3 a II .1 e T (^ H n j ii x HHTaii.a y iipaBHoj TeopaJH. TaKO npocTO 
a HuaK TaKO TeiiiKo n 3aii;ieTeH0 ! /l,oiiCTa, to ce Ha npBH no- 
r.ieA Mopa MiiiiHTii HVAHo. a iiiiaiv je TaKO. Y ^ejiy je yspoK 
Toj TiMUKoliii. TO !ieM(» Ma.i() A^nnnj^' <>ujii(*iinTii. A Aa Ta Te- 
lUKoha AoHCTa (»A BaJKaAa iiocTOJH H Aa to HMJe Ham neKH hob 
ii]M>Ha.ia3!ii:. to cv jaciio iiocBeA^^aBa Time, iirro cy TOiinKH 3Ha- 
Mtiiinii iiiiaBHiiMKii uiicnu Heodii'iny tcuikoIiy Tora nHTafta ii3peqH0 
iipU3najii, iirro cy ra na innpoKo nperpecajH h pacnpaB.ta.aii na 
iiuai: I'lin nil y Ai'iuiiiin.nj ii|iaitii(»j reopiijii HHJe join hot- 



' l'.»e,iaj Moiiitpur dn 1. jiiiii 1828 p. 755. 

- Mfl))' iioiiiiJHM iiiiciuijia Puclita. Vorlesungen I. crp. 223, a sa aim 
.Sclieiirl, Hcitriipe z. Bearbeitjr. dos roni. Rechts, Bd. I. CTp. 140, 
roia cy UHUi^eiba a!i th ,U'Ji iil>aBii.iia iie Kuayjy jeAHO hcto, ho 
.vajc y ciiaKojie HCKo cajiocxaauo aaccCiio uaiejo iispeHCHO. Aiiije to 
iMixuBo uciiiTu iiayaeTiio Miiui^i>eH>e iioriHJeHO joni oa CannftHJa (Sys- 
tem d. lieut. rftiii. H. VIII. crp. 3s4 ii A3uue) n oa aouhhjhx npaBHHKa. 

' Lepe!« et constitiitiones luturis cortum est dare forniam negotiis, 
lion ud facta jiraeteri t a re vocar i . . . const. 7. Cod. 1, 14. 

* < odo civil art. 2., Aycrp. rpaljaHCRii bukouiik § 5. IIpajcKH ,Landrecht* 
VBOA § M.. 11 a III ipal/aiicKii :»aK<iuiiK § 7. ii T. A- 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ CII.IU :^AKOIIA 3 

nyHo H;i MucTo u3Be4eH0 hh TeopujcKH caB./ici;],aHo. 
0. Aara.i oAiiax y iioyexKy CBOje iiosnaTe KH>iire „Teopiija 
cTeqeHiix npasa" Kaa^e: „0a BaJKa^a je nHiaite o nospaTHOJ 
mAn saKOHa UAii ynpaBO nirraifce o BpeMGHiiM rpaHHuaiia iipii 
iipHMeHH 3aK0Ha BaiKH^o Kao jeAHO o^ HaJTeatiix n naj^a- 
n ^ e T e H ii j ii x, aae TaKot^e e jeAHC) oa h a j b a 5k h ii j m x inrraifca 
ij,e^OKynHe iipaBHe ou^acm". $paHi],ycKn iipaBHEK Mypuon' 
TaKO HCTO Beyiii: ..Cette r^g'le (la loi ne dispose que pour 
I'avenir ; elle n'a point d'effet retroactif), quoique bien sim- 
ple, est fort difficile dans son application". S^nrep"^ to 
UCTO nOTBptjTJe : „Ko.aHKO je npocro to y npoiiuoMe naparpa<ty 
nocTaBwteflO npaBMO o iiOBpaTHoj chah saKona, To^anKoje BeoMa 
TemKa iteroBa npHMeHa y nojeAHHHM cay qajeBHMa " u t. a- 
Ha n caM OaBiiitH, jeAan oa npnsHaTHX npBaKa h naJBe- 
kax ayTopareTa y npaBHOj reopsJE Hamera Bena, npncTynajytin 
pacnpaB^aity nnTaita, o Koie je OBAe peq, npusnaje^ Kano je 
HeMorytiHo, x<i ce Taj saAaraK caA Beli nornyHO h ptoHa^Ho 
peniH, Hero nneai], Mopa Bet h to „ce6n y lacx ynHcarn, aKO 
OH H.eroB noKymaj y A^-^eM pasBHty ocrao y ycnoMenn tgk Kao 
HOJeAHHH iipnnpeMHH KopaK". Mhc^hmo a^ nocie oBOra HHJe Hy- 
atHO Aa joiu H j\?iM H3peKe H CBeA0]j6e o TeniKotiH Tora nn- 
Taaa naBOAHMO. 

Bet OBO MaAo ihto cmo naBe^iH, aP^hjw Aa Moaie aobo.iho 
onpaBAarn n OBaj nam iioKyniaj, Aa- noKpeneMO pacnpaBibaae 
Tora TaKO BaJKHora npaBHora HHTaaa n y namoj npaBHOJ An- 
TepaTypn. 

KaA npe CBera norpaiKHMo y upaBHoj reopnjn oAroBopa 
Ha TO : Ha k a k b o m e c e y 3 p o k y y n p a b o o c h n b a to 
TaKO cariiacHo npoKwiaMOBano u ycBOJeno Haqe^o „Aa saKOH neiia 
HOBpaTHe CHiie", mh teio OAMax HaniiH na npHiLH^ny necyr^ia- 



' Repet. ecr. s. 1. prem. exam. d. Code Napoleon I. cip. 47. 

2 Syst. d. osterr. allg. Privatrechts I. § 21. 

3 Savigny, Syst. des heut. rom, Rechts Bd. VIII. iipeAioBop cip. VI. 

1* 



4 TKOI-II.IA O IIOBI'ATHO.I (II.llI 'iAKOHA 

cHMCT II pas^iiKV y Miiiii.i.t'H>iiM;i. ,loK;ie jeAHii to mwAo iiorra- 
B.i.ajy i;a.. Heiind hito ce Rfli ii<' feoH pa^VMe h iuto He Tpeua 
XI ce ,\0Ka:{y.ie. ,U'W*^ I'-i .U'vni <'BOAe na upkii MOpa.iHii yapoK 
11.111 iipocTo Ha pa:uoro ut'.incxdAHOcTH n i:(ipHCHoeTH, a Mel^y 
(.UP ii(M-.i«\\H,«' HHi'iM* I'liiUa n (J a bhh,h, kojh He ^aje HHKaKBora 
VHVTpaiim.»Ma, axCkU'v nii)iaH,\aH.a iroMenyroMe naqe.iy, hhtii ra 
rnu.ui iia H.'K-y .ininimy iipaBHY iiA'^jv. Hero npocTO caMo 
i:aH;e. KaKo je to niiaBH.iu ^BeoMa bm/KHo ji i.-opHCHO'' '. IIlTa 
BUiii**. Mii.iu Je II Tai,-BHX Hucaua, kojh cy oaiii viipaBO (apnua.M 
XI (■»• TO Haqt'.Ki y (•iiiirre h ocHnBa Ha hbk-om HpaBHOM ucHOBy 
11 jta.t.iurv". A .v j'' 'i"^» Be.iHKa ii]ia;{ninia ii HeAorraTaK y caMOJ 
Teojiiijii. Ka.i, Mel)y r.iaBHHM nncuHMa HeMa jom cVMacHOCTH 
HI! o caMoMe yiiyTpaiiiH.H.M Ay'^-i'PM ocHOBy. w.i Kora TaKO Ba/KHO 
H .laMaiiiHo Haie.io iicnme, T(t je ca cbhm jacHO. Ulia BHHie. xaj 
H«',v"*TaTaK Moate ce yiipaBo paiynaTn Mei}y r^iaBHe yspone, 3a 

IHTn imTaH.!' n iK.BpailK.j ('11.111 mOHa HHJe JOHI MOMO TeOpHJCKH 

iioinyHu ,\a <•»* HpeMHcTH H r.aB.ia,i,;i. Jep lia^ ce TBopiija K0.ie6a> 
y caM(»j ocHoBH. y caMoMe TeMe.i.y HCKora Haiie.ia, OH;i,a KaKO 

MnJKc nllTH jaCHO II yi'Bpljt'Hn OHO, IUTO ce Ha TaKBOM K0.ie6.LHB0Jl 

j.'Mi'.i.y ,\;i-i>«' :«Ma n w.mo.Xtt t TeopJija y caMOMe uoiieTKy HHJe 
iia 'iiinn. niij<^ cyr.iacHa y ochobhoj no.aa3Hoj TaMUii. iia 0H;\a 
jiaayMt' <••' .\a re y ,i,a.i,eM xo^y Mopa A^-ieKO pa 311.1 aBiiTH, TyMa- 
]iaTH II na:uiiiaTii nc:! jacHo yiBphf'Hora ii.iana. 

IIIth fv T<Miii:ii iiiirim. i.ao iiito iiaiioMeHycMO, i;ao ,i,y<J-M 

• hHoB Ha«H'.iy <• H t' II n B p a T 11 n j (11.111 lUlKOHa, HaBO,],lI./lH npOCTO 



' Ti» CuiuiM.iijfiKP iic.\(tiio.i.iio uiiii;iii,i;in.t' tuiu na<ie.ia Aoopo odeaeiKaBa 
11 KpiiTiiKyJt' V. l-assiilh". Syst. der crwurlionen Heclitc I cxp. 15 

llpilM. L'. 

• TaKO II. up. Kii'iiiin. Tiieori*' ties }ie\i\. Civilreclits I. tip. (i4, nuxe 
KiiKo Jf Tit iipaiiii.io <i iK-iKiiipaTiiiij cii.iii aaKdiia ^iit'Ko iipauuo ua- 

■it'.lO. OCIIIHIIIU .lillMll. Koja jr.UIIUI ID'KH pa:i.l(ir KopiICUOCTII iiMa 

:r.i i-e. a ii<- M(>»;i> ci^ iiiiKaKu ii:i iiCKura iiiiiiior ii p a ii ii u r ociioiia H3- 

lU'CTII. — y KpiiTKO Tn liailoMIIII.O II IKM'lHJa U 11 g 6 r, SvSt. I. lilt. 117 
llpltM. 1 I. 



TEOPMJA O IIOBI'ATllOJ CU.lIl 3.VKOHA 5 

JSpOKe HBKe Ue^HCXOAHOCTH, MOpfUa II KOpHCHOCTII, TO je CJI CBIDI 

noHpiiiHo, HeAOBO.tHO H HJi TfiKBOMe ce (/»jiiniH,eH>y HUKaKBa iipaBu 
T('(*]>nja TOJie iiirraifcy He Moaie carpaAHTH. Jep KaA h. up. 
(!aBMH,ir Kame, a^ je ,,BeoMa BaJKHo ii a^ Bajba me^era" ah 3a- 
KOHii HeMajy noBpaTHO CM^e h to „L) jep Ba.ini SKQAem j\n 
ocTane h e n o i; o .1 e 6 .l ii b a b e p a h y 3 a ti h. e y BiiaAy 3a- 
K6Ha. Kojii nocToje; 1.) jep Ba.T.a iKe^eTii a^ ce oap^Jkh CBa- 
rAaiiiH>e npaBHO 11 iimobho cTaiLe, KaKo ce 3aTeKvio, h 8.) jep 
je HeMoryliHO, ^ ce iipoTHBHO naTie^ao, ah ^aivOHH iiiajy no- 
BpaTHy ciLiy, A<»c^eAHO h y cBaKOMe c.ayqajy H3BeAe h ii3Bpiiiii 
— OHAa cy to TaKBM y3poii,n, y KOJHMa HHKaKO ne MOHce ah 
ce Hat)e, h3 kojhx HiiEaKo He Moate ah ce nsseAe neira Ta^mo 
ooe^ieaiena TeopMJcKa r p a h h 11, a, no Kojoj 6h ce momh npeitii3Ho 
03HaimTii (-yiyiiajeBH, y KOJHMa 3aK0H HeMa h ne Tpe6a ah HMa 
ii(iB]»aTHe ciwe, a c Apyre cTpane oneT cyiyqajeBii, rA© t peri a 
j\'d, HMa uoBpaTHy cHiiy. H3 thx oh y3poKa h ^an^Ka o6HMHa 
jiorHKa Mor./ia H3BecTH caio Taj iiOTnyHO ocHOBan saK^yqaK, ah 
3aK0H HHKaAa h h h y k m e c ii y ^ a j y ne Tpe6a ah HMa no- 
BpaTHy CHyiy, jep to ohah A^>HCTa HaJBeliMa yTBpt)yje Bepy y 
iipaHo, iHTO iiocTOJH H y oApaiafte npaBHora h HMOBHora CTaH,a ! 
Ila MnaK OaBHH>H h3 thx cbojhx pas^iora He h3boah Ty noTnyHo 
npnpoAHy h ^orniiKy KOHceKBenu^jy, nero oh na npoTHB y Aa.i-eM 
pacHpaB.LaH.y u,e^ora Tora HHTaH>a TBpAH h A0Ka3yje, KaKO HMa 
H,ej.a jeAHa rpy na ajm KAaca c^yqajeBa, y KOJHMa 3aE0HH oaui 
T p e 6 a AH HMajy noBpaTHy cHiiy. Ila Kano ce to OHAa ciaiKe 
ca HaBeAeHHM ochobhhm y3pou,HMa ? Ho neMy h KaKo ce n3 h>]ix 
Ta^ H3BecHa rpyiia hah KJ.aca c^iy^iajeBa Moate HanecTH, 11 ne Mopa 
All Ha npoTHB H3MeAaTH, XA HHcau, 3HaqeH>e h yqnHaK cbojhx 
HaBeAeHHX yspoKa ca cbhm caMOBOjLHo Ha H3BecH0J Ta^iu^ Hpe- 
KHAa H o6piie na npoTHBHy CTpany^'? 



' Hh Ma.io oojbe no HaraeM Mniu^eH>y ne oSjamH-aBa h He Hcn;piiJi>yje cruap 
OHaj AyoJhH OCHOB, uiTo ra hobhjh imcai; Windscheid Pandekten 
I. § 32. CTp. 68 HaiiOAH- Jep to je o,\ npujune xaj iicxii ochoh, uito 



6 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CIUII 3AK0HA 

BuAH ce Aaiuie, KaKO ce ca thm yspomiMa ^eil^cxoAHOCTH, 
KopncHocTn II T. A- He Moate naniiii Ha Kpaj, KaA nniaite xoiie 
TeopnjcKii i.-ac iiito Ba.ia m ce iicupne n y cymraHK CBOJoj 

CXBaTH. 

Kau niTti CO i-bu iiiicii,u y tomb c^aaiy, Aa 3aK0H no npa- 
BH.iy He ipena m iLMa noBpaiHe coe, laKO cy hcto cbh cy- 
rjacHU n y TOMe, a^ n^ia imai; hckhx c^yqajena y Kojnjia oh 
II Ma nnBpaTHy cn^y, n to ce OHAa o^nqno 03Haqyjy Kao H3y- 
:u*uH OA iioMeHYTora npannja. Hy caA Hacraje Be^nsa lemKoiia 
y TOMe, AJ' ce npeMa neKoMe yTBpt^enoM TeopnjcKOM MeAHniTy 
TaqHo 11 npaBiLiHo oanaqe e^iyqajeBH, y Kojroia Bamn npaBHAO, 
a oiicT cAYiajeBH, Kojii ce 6poje le^y noMenyTe HsyseTKe. to 
ce AocTa tbiiiko ii saii^eTeno nnTa^e mhoph h oa caMDX 3HaMe- 
Hirriijiix iipaBHUKa cnoTauao n HHJe Morao noTnyHO TeopnjcKn a^ 
ra paciii»aBn h Ha qucTO H3BeAe. TaKO h. np. HMa miTixB peA 
UHaqe oiin-poyMHiix ii MVBeHiix npaBHHKa Kao hito cy Bopne- 
MaH. ynrep, BiiiiAinaJA' u aP-, kojh 3a penieae Tora na- 
TaH.a. y kojiim c^iyqajeimMa 3aK0H no H3y3eTKy nma noBpaTHy 
ni.iy, iiocTaB.Lajy to Haqe^o , A^ y TOMe nnTaay npecyt^yje 
joAHHo H a M e p a saKonoAaBqCBa ; Ta naMepa MOSKe npe cnera 
i'ljiTii H 3 ]) e q H Ka3aHa ; ny aKO to nnje saKOHOAaBan, yqHHio, 
OHAa ce M( tpa t y m a q e h> e m uaii HHTepnpeTan^joM 3aK0Ha npo- 
Ha!iii H jMMiiiiTii. iiiTa je 3aK0HOAaBaui XTeo n KaKBa My je na- 
Mt'i>a y ToMe iiuMCAy Oi^A'd. ,l,aK^e u,e;io nnTan.e o nOBpaTHoj 
cHjIh SiiKOHa nocTaje nnTaaeM 3aK0HCKe iiHTepiipeTau^je. 

II I'll nayqHdM HciiimiBaiLy n npeTpecaay Tora nnTafta, KaA 
iilt('M;i II ]t lip 0,1, 11 ciiMc cTBapn 3;ii;()H ne Tpeoa a* HMa 
ii'-iipaTHy ciijiy a KaA Tpe6a, nocTaBHTH npocTO BOAy n naMepy 



rn II CaiiHH.li ii Apyrn iihcuh iiauoAe, kojh He xTeAOine Ay6-*y iipaBHy 
ucHoRy nanejy o iieuoiipariinj ch.ih saKona a!i iioTpaaie. 
' B. o TOMo Dr. H orne III ui) II, lirorterungen iiu Gebiete des preuss. 
Uechts. (1855) Heft I. cip. 1—64. — linger, System 1. § 20. cip. 
12-1—120. - ^ViIl(lscllei(l, I'andekten I. § 32. u AP- ys anx y aaj- 
noimjo joi'iii II Hniiis, I), lientige rinii. l\echt, § 11. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CII.UI :!AK01IA / 

saKOHOAaBMeBy Kau npecyAHy Hopaiy sa pemaBaite, to ne shumh 
HHinTa APyro, Hero OApetH ce cBaKora nayMHora MeAuuiia 
y TOMe nnxaity h ynpaBO oqajaBaTH o tumg, m ce y DUiiiTe 
H MOJKe Ty iiMaTii KaKBO HayqHO MeAnniTe. TAe c^yqaJHa BOjta 
MM HaMepa 3aK0H0AaB^a peinaBa, Ty HayKa neia hu peqii Aii 
Kaate, nero npocTO a« TyMa^M nosHTHBHH 3aK0H. A^n th uhcuh, 
KOJH cy TO nmaibe HaqaHH^n jeAHHO iiHTaiteM saKOHCKe HHxep- 
npeTauHJe, aincvie a^i ey 'i'^i^e 6ap toauko hoctumh, a^ ce yiiiTe- 
Ijvje n cyBuiuHHM qnM sameTHO h Terodno HayqHO HcnHTHBaite 
Toj cTBapH fl All cy 3a ii p a k t h q k y noTpe6y w^mm cTa^HO 
no3HTHBHo 3eMibHfflTe. Meljy thm, to niiaK HHJe TaKO. Ilpe CBera 
Baj>a TO HMaTH Ha yiny, Aa nayqna AHCEycHJa Tora nHTafta o m- 
BpaTHoj CH^H saKOHa He Tpe6a h ne Mopa Aa ce orpanaqH caMo 
Ha one 3aK0He, kojh cy Bek AoneceHH n nocTaB.'temi (de lege 
lata), Hero ona B-dJbn Aa o6yxBaTH h oho, uito te y nanpeAaR 
Aa ce OHpeAe^H h k a k o t p e 6 a y nanpeAaK saKOH Aa ce no- 
CTaBH (de lege ferenda). 3aK0H0AaBa^ y tomb ne caMO Aa t p e6 a 
Aa ce ynpaBjta npeaia HpnpoAH came cTBapn, nero oh te y Be- 
liHHH cAyqajeBa 3aHCTa h xxeTH no H>oj A'A ce ynpaBjba , a 
camo y noneKHM H3y3eTHHM c^yqajeBHMa, lAe ra neKH ocodenn 
HenocpeAHO npaKTiiKH saKOHOAaBHo-no^HTHqKH o6m])w pyKOBOAe, 
OH te OA H,e OACTynnTH h MeTHyTH na MecTO H>e CBOJy cyBepeny 
3aK0H0AaBHy BO.ty. Ha KaA ce caA 3aK0H0AaBa^ oupaTH nayiyi, 
Aa OA fte A03Ha, mTa y Kome c^yqajy npaBHa npnpoAa 
caie CTBapH Hiirre h ca co6om aohoch, xe Aa npeMa TOMe CBoje 
saKOHCKO onpeAeitefte iiocTaBH, oh te HCTHHa 6hth Beoma Hsne- 
Hal,eH, KaA h3 Te nayKe A03Ha , Aa ona ynpaBO Heaa HHmTa 
Aa My Eaaie h Aa CBe ctojh ao H>eroBe BiiacTHTe naMepe, ah 
je Ta aeroBa naiepa jeAHHH H3Bop h ecennHJa cne HayKe, mo- 
aiAa te My ^acKaTH Ta iterOBa BeiinqaHa u c^aBa, aiiH te thm 
Maae 6wm nayqeH h odaBemTen! To je eBeA0^6a capoMamTBa 
3a HayKy. Ea napowro y Aanamfte BpeMe, tab je 3aK0H0AaB- 

CTBO n3 CBOJHX HeiAaiUftHX TpaHCUBHAeHTHHX BHCHHa CHUIAO y 



^ TEOI'IMA O IIOHI'.VTHOJ CIMII 3AK0HA 

lM\V'i!«' ri';ii).iHcK-t\ I'Ae h;iim.,i, ytierTHVJe y i^aKOHOAaBCXBy, tj 
oniniH-t .{ai.-oHOAiiBHU •taKTopH TpajKO noyKO y Hayiyi ii o63Hpy 
Cf Ha \bme pesydTa-re. xy U mka^ ('BaKO pAMcra Hayimo Hcnii- 
TiiBaifce re Ma'repiijc iDiaiii cBaKojaKo ynmaja na 3aK0HoAaBCTB0 
II fv.v'TBo. H Ty CO (^Hu HiiKai:u He Mome ^aAOBO.tiiTH npocro yny- 
l)iiHaH.t*M Ha i^aKOHOAaBqeBV HaMepy, Ha iio3HTHbhm 3aK0HCKn npo- 
HHc. iep TJiMf jc (iH.vi y niiiiiTe cuai.-o HayqHo irninTiiBaH.e ca 

I'lslIM Hltt'CeilOHU. 

OfiiM Tora HaK \i y ca.MiDi ojiioi r.iyyajeBima, 1,1,0 je ro- 
lid]. (. HiM.-oMo ueK A'JHeeeHuM 11 iioc'raB.LeHOMe ;3aKuHy, r^e w 
Xdii.w iiiriaii.t' " iidBpaTHiij ii.iii HeiiOBpaTHOJ ciwn aauoHa pac- 
i!p;ii!.iui 11:! i-aMnr;i ui'li iiiicTaFu.eHora 3aK0Ha (ex lege lata). 11 
y i-;iMiiM Tai.MUi.M ciyiajt'iuiMa HetiiiHoM netie hh 3a ^Miiy uirni 
iiuMniKt'Hd HU n.i;ii;inaH() peiiiHH>e TiiMe. iiiTo ce yuyliyje Ha 3a- 
KoH(M.aB<iei}y Ha.Mfpy. .V BOOMa npeieaiHOJ neliHHH ohhx 3a- 
KHHa. i;<'jii HocTiijc. (loHMHd (•(' He Ha.ia3ii HiiiiaKBa H3peiiHa 
iiaih'Mt'iia "• luMt' . xotio An raj 3aK(>H imaTH noBpaiHy CH.iy 
ii.iji Ht'. a rah'c iicio BeoMa ])eTi;(i Moaie h3 rpaMaiiniKora CK.ioiia 
3ai;iiHa. ii:-. caMe H.eroBe (•TiuH3aii,iije ,\n ce bhah. M -^^ j*^ "^ 
oApt'i)('H Aa inia ii(iB]>aTHy ciwy war He', lla KaA to ho MoaxO, 

<iHAa CI' Mii|p;i l||illcTyillITlI .KM'lIMKftMe TyMaMOHA', K Ty CO OHAa 

Mo HajiipjipoAHiijnj .Kiniiiii Mopa y30Tn a^' Jp 3aKoH()AaBau„ He 
iLa;tai;inii ii;!]M'inio hiiiht,i n cBojoJ iiaMopii, ((tiOBiiAHo XTOo 
Aa ncniHo iii>ii oiitiMo, iHTn cujia iipaBHa npnpoAa cTBapn ca 
(•(»rM>M A<'H(»cii . Aa je ^KAB XTeo ,\u Ta iipiipoAa ciBapH n^i" 

clJoJHM c.KHM.ui II M Tiil.-oM. Jop Ai' jO XTeu OA flpHpOAO CTBapII 

Aa nAiTyiiii. nil nil Id ii3peK()M Ka3ao. R t;ii;o ji,iiKAe, y MecTo 
Aa ce y ii;iMt'|iii :!ai;nn(iAaBiioB()j Hal)0 M(^}uLin. lioje je y cTaHiy 
Aa 3aMt'ii]i II ii;iA<>i;HaAii Hayiiiy iii)H]t(iAy cTBapn, oho tie ee y 

Ht'lilUllI c.iyi|;iji'it;i Mdp.rni Upilli.lTll naill caM(tj TOJ npHpOAH CTBapU, 

>i"ji.it,.' rt' nii,'i ii|M>!ialiii. 11:1 Aa ^■^' iM' 11. <ij A">3Ha H caMa Ha- 

' 1<. iiiniiiii.ijr 11 ca.M .^' II rep (Syst. I. crp. 129), Ma Aa ou ii,\e Mel)y one 
iiiicnf, KojiiM.i jc ii.-iMepa •.liiicoiio.v.'iiiMcua i.iiinHa iiopMa. 



TKOl-llJ.V O IIOHI'.VTIIO.I CU.lil :!\K()I1A 



Mcpii ■.wKOHOAiiBqeBa. CBaKojaKo AiiKiie 6ai) y bc.ihkoj BehiiHii 
cAyuajt'Ha. iicTpa-^yjytiii n inrrajyliH m :uiKOHOAaBqrBy HaJiepy 
y iqjyry, A«>.ia3iiM(»"oiu'T Haipar Ha iiM-raite o iipaBHoj iipHpoAH 
cajie CTBapH, a (»By caMO iK.TaHKa HavMiia aHa.iir/,a mmv Ha 
cpeAY MaHeTH*. 

MopaMo cBaKOJaKO obab K,ao HH'repecHy nojaBy ii to Hano- 
MenyTH, KaKo je y npa.BHoj TeopHJn mA-dWAO m cpeAV h 'ran ho 
MHuLtefte, Koje je ca cbhm AHJaMe/rpa^Hu iipoTHBHo ohomo. hito 
CMC ra caA oain noKyraa.iH Aa HO^ajeMO. Bh^io je HHcaua'. i.-«'ju 
cy 6HAn Tora y.1et,eH.a. a^ j*^ npaBH.io Aa ..:^aKoH neMa iioBpaTHe 
awe'- TaKKe n p h p o a h o - ii p a b h e BayKHocTH, a* <» TOMe npa- 
BHjy HHTiaKaB 3aK0H0AaBaH HHJe HaA.ieJKan hito Aa onpeAe- 
jbyje, sa H.HX AaK.ie naiiepa aaKOHuAaBHBBa y TOie noweAy neMa 
HHKaKBora :^HatieH,a, jep saKonoAaBau no Toiie Mmii.-beH>y hu- 
KaKO HCMa B^acTii, Aiv -•npeAe^H iirr<> o" <'>"-/io iipoTHBHo HaMe.iy 
HenoBpaxHOJ ciLiii :5ai;oHa h Taj npMHUiiii ynpaBO eT(»JH ca cbidi 
Ban Kpyra ii A"Maiiiaja :]aKOHOAaBHora yTHuafta. Y iHorHi CAy- 
xiajeBHMa to je MHiu.Lefte TpaiKH.io o6e3debeH,a h jeMCTBa y Tone, 
Aa ce EmeAO o nenoBpaTHOj cham 3aK0Ha MeTHe y ycxaB it 
TaKBOM caHK^Hjf)M o6e36eAH n 3ainTHTn oa CBaKora orpaHiiqeRa 
OA rrpaHe 3aK0H0AaBHe B.iacTM. BnaMo Ai^ je r. IS-tS y (r»paH- 



• la ie iipu TOM ynyhHBafty na Ha>iepy 3aK0H0AaBHeBy saucra xaKo, kuo 
niTo CMO V TeKCxy y KpaiKo h3.iohch.ih, Hajuo.i.e ce AOKaayje thmc, idto 
OHii imcm, KOJH ce aa xy Hanepy icao Ha jeAimo Mepvuo nDSHBajy, 
Kaacy MeU ocTa.iini : ,7 cyMH.i>. KaA ryMa^eH.eji ue mojkc ao cmyp- 
Hora H npaBora peayaTaxa Aa ce AoJ,e, Ba^a yaexu, Aa hobh saKOH 
Hena uoBpaxny cH.:y«. T.ko YHiep (Sytem, I. cxp. 127), B«ha- 
niaJA (Panel. I. § 32) h aP- A xa xBpAH.a thx BHcaua HnnaKo nuje 
ocHOBaU jep HMaoam xaKBnx cy^ajeua, vAe saKOH no ^aMOj npnpoA « 
cxBapH xpeSa h Mopa Aa HMa noBpaxny cHAy, a koj« cy to cAj^ajeB.i 
Tee no xoj xeopnjn, Koja ce AP-a jeAHHO naMepe aaKOHOAaB.eBe, ne 

MOHte A03Haxn. 
^ KaoH.np.8truve, Uber d. positive Eechts.csetz riicks.d.tlKhsein^ 
Ausdehiung in d. Zeit, 1831. cxp. n, 30-31 u AP- - ^el- Bei riat 
Saint-Prix, Theorie d. droit constitutionnel franrais. Ibol, >- -o* 
« 737, HaBeAeHO y Lass a lie. The-.rie d. er^vorl.enea Rechte, cxp. o. 



10 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CIUH 3AK0HA 

uycKoj HapoAHoj cKyiiinTEHH noAHeces npeA^or, a^ ce oho onpeAe- 
.it'tte, iiiTO ce Ha^iasu y ^a. 2 rpat^aHCKora saKOHUKa, oiyAa npe- 
Ht'ce y can ycraB, n xaj je npeA^or aiiiBd u 03dii.tH0 noinoiiaraH 
11 caMO je nptiuao yc^eA hckhx MnMorpeAHHX ripHMeAaoa OAu.tOHa 
liapua'; y ApyrnM noneKHM ycTaRima to je Haqe-io AOHcra casK- 
miMUiicaeo. TaKo h. up. join y *paHi^ycKOM ycTaBv oa r. 1795 
fl TO y A»iKA:ipanjfjn, Koja tomb ycTany npeTxoAH- y ^li. l-i. 
ii:ipeyeHu je to naqejio ; HopBemKn ycTaB y cbomb § 97. TaKol>e 
y onuiTe uspnqe : ., H n j e a h o m e ce saKony ne csie AaTH no- 
BpaTHa cu.ia"; ira TaKo iicto ii ycTae cjeAiiifceHiix Apa^aBa asie- 
piiMKiix caApa^H TaKBo oupeAeAeite y ^ia. L, oAe.t. 9, § 3, rAe 
jeKiisaHo: „Aa ce HUKaKo He nsAaje bill of attainder hh 3 a- 
K H (• a n p a B H o m c ii .1 o m " . 

Kao IIITO OHO MniiLLefte, no KOMe jeAHHo naaiepa saKonoAaB- 
leBa peiiiaHa o iioBpaTHOJ ciuii saKona, He Moaie 6htii ocHOBaHO, 
TaiM iicTo n oBo APyro oa Hac HaneAeHo npoiiiBHO Mmn.i>eH.e naAa 
oneT y iipoTHBHy KpaJHOCT, xe xote cBarAa n y cBaKOMe c^iy- 
Majy Aa HCK.tvMii iionpaTHy CHjiy 3aK0Ha ii OHAa, KaA ona npesia 
lijiHiioAn caMB cTBapii jiMa MocTa ii iioTiiyHor.i HayqHora npaBHor 
ocHoBa 3a ce. G lora AUKAe h ne Tpeoa to HaMe.io o nenOBpaT- 
Hnj cuAM ■MKORii AH AOoiije Mecia J ycTaBy. HoBHJe opanitycKO 
HpaBHHiuTBO ra cBHM c ocHOBOM ycTaje npoTHB TaKBora ycxaB- 
Hora caHiMuioiiiiraHHi Tora Hane.ia. caMo hito onaj pa3.ior, hito 
ra K.'l.iiHdM 'h]iaiiuyri.-ii iipaitiiiiiui iipH Toitte HaBOAB, nnje HHKaKO 
iviaBiiii 11 iipt'cyAaii |ta:{.i(»r, mvo je BHiue iiiDiorpeAaH. Taj h.h- 
XnB pa:{.iur ii|M,TnB ycTaBHora iipouiica o HCHOBpaTHOj mAii 3a- 
KoHa cacToJH CO Hai)o'iHTo y Tojie, hito ohii naBOAe, KaKO y 
ii3Bt;rnnM ••.lyiiajcBH.Ma iiOBitaTiia cwAii aaKona mojkc oirrn oam 
II |» a It t' A II a. 'ini'.oiiia n n y }k ii a ii raAJi on dii.io onaCHO, 
Aa caM ycT.iii iir|, y iiaiijiOA (iAy3Me 3aK0HOAaBuy npaBO ii mo- 
ivIiii'TT. X't ycTaHoim 11 flapeAH oho, iind ihhtc upaiua ii n'>- 



• Moiiri.Mi. U.-p.'t ecr. etc. I. 40. - LassaUe, Theorie .1. erw 
i: ..... 



TEOPIIJA O IIOBPATHOJ Cll.lII BAKOHA 1 1 

bghhoct'. Taj pci3^or ynpaBO Kasyje caMO to, KaKd npaaeA- 

HHJII, qOBeHHHJH II OAiV/RH 3aK0H (HapuyHTO V KpUBUyHOM IIpaBj) 

Ba.i>a XA ce iipiiMeHii h na <DaKTa, Koja cy ce upe H,era /i.oroAn.ia. 
Kau iiiTO Beii peKocMo, laj je pasiior MHiiorpeAaH ii HHJe A<t- 
BOjiaH, no lUTO oh ne AO^Hpyje npaBy cnopny laMKy i;e^ora 
nirraita. (> tomg HHKaaa HHJe hii 6iiao cyniite, Aa saKOHii qiiCTO 
6Aaate, qoBeyHuje h KopncHiije npiipoA<3 oAMax Ae^yjy ii na 
$aKTa, KOJa cy ce npe itiix AoroAH^a, ji,n.KAG Aa ce na h>ux ii 
He npnieibyje naiieAO o HenoBpaTHOJ ch^h saKona. Ty nociojii 
onmTa cyMacHocT h nejia ciiopa. TaKBHM pas^oroM AaK^e hhjb 
npecyAHO h noTiiyHO pemeno nnxaifce , aaiirro Haqe^o o 
HenoBpaTHOJ chah saKOHa ne Tpe6a MeiHyTii y ycraB ; ny Time 
HHKaKO He MHC^HMo HopotiH cBaKy BaatHocT H cBaEo snaqeae 
Toiie HaBeAeHOM pas^ory, caMo iuto itHiie HHJe AOA^pnyTa jesrpa 
caMora HHTaaa. Y AOii,HiijeM pasBiiTKy oBe name pacnpaBe to tie 
jom Betia n3HtiH Ha cpoAy, OBAe 3a caAa caMo jom to^hko npn- 
Metyjeio, KaKo ca ycTaBHHM caHKij,HOHncaH.eM naqe^a Aa ,,HHKa- 
KaB 3aK0H He MOJKe HniaTM HOBpaTHe ciue'' HHJe MHoro AO^HBeno 
Bet H c Tora, hito ce cnop y npaBHOj TeopuJH ynpaBO ii He 
Bpse OKO casiora Tora Haqe^ia, nero jeAHHo oko H.eroBe 
caApasHHe, H.eroBa o6HMa h 3HaqeH.a, a to ce o^eBHAHO hh Mavio 
He pemana THMe, uito ce caio Haqe^o cBe^ano mete y ycTan. 

Mh cmo rope Bet HanoMeny^H, KaKO ne eajio o naqe^y Aa 
„3aK0H neia nonpaTHe CHiie" nero ii o tomo B^aAa noTnyna 
cyMacHOCT , KaKO to na^ieiio ne Moate Aa flia anco.iyTHY Ba- 
aiHocT n He Moate anco^yTHo Aa ce npocTpe na cne c^yqajeBe ; 
TO je H 6e3 jacHO nay^ne cnecTH h cam npaKTH^KH jypncTnqKH 
TaKT Bet Mopao yBHAeTH, na KaA cy to yBEj^eAH, OHAa ce m-- 
Morome THiie, hito cy nocTaBH^H Hene nojeAnne h 3 y 3 e t k e oa 
HOMenyTora naqeiia h TaKO oHAa CBy nayKy o TOJie naqe^y pa3- 
ByKOHie H pacn^HHyme y neKy Ka3yHCTnKy. Mh cmo neli a to 



* M our Ion, Repet. ecr. I. cip. 46. 



12 TEOI'UJ.V O riOBrATHOJ Cll.lll 3AKOHA 

HanoMeHv.iii. ImWm ce iiiiruii wh Hii y lojie iiinaifcy He Jioroiue 
ciO/KiiTJi, iM-ju <\v TO uojeAHHM HsyseuH, a oB^e heio ca^ no- 
Kyiiia-Jii .VI iK'i.-a/fjeMK. KaKo je to ue.io noMara^e ca thm m\- 
aeuuMa He3roAH(t ii HeHay^Ho'. Ta y tidi iii^yseuima nspa/Kena 
MriiaHii^ieH.a caMora iipaBiwa, caMora ^imeM, noTeK^a cy h./iii ii:^ 
caMH yHyTpaiiiH.e iiiijipu,i.e Tora Ha^ie^ia h.ih Hury m3 H>e iioTeoa. 
y iijtHoMP iMyqajy He Moaje ohth hh roBopa o neKSM nayse- 
uinia. TV He.Ma ii:{y:5eTF:a. \\\e ciuiii yHyTpaiiiH.a iipnpoAa npe^- 
Mi'Ta iinKa:jyje H,eroBy rpaniiuy, a rpaHHii,e He^ora irpeAMeTa 
nfie^e/KaBajy riaiii fteroisy ra cuini (i,;pet)eHy oopMy. H C»ain 
11(1 Tnj cBdjdJ i]iaHJinii Mdi'.io ce 11 caMO Ha^B^o Hajdo.te IIU- 
-.{HaTii H iciMepHTH, jep oHd jV TiiMB caMo ceCe $OpMHCa^O, caMo 
(•('uii (»n(M('w:ii.ifi odini cBora yiiiiHKa n CBora SHa^iefta. Ose ihto 
nan Tf ipaiiiiuc .if.Kii. to (iii,i,a bcK Hiije BHiiie M^y^eTaK, Hero 
Tn jf (Tpano ,i,]iyro iKi.i.o. na KOMe BajKH ,i,pyro naqoiio, Apyro 
MoiK.ia nam iiitoTiiiiiin iipiiBii.io. Ka^ npoMa (-aMoj VHyTpamftOJ 
iipnjHaii H.i'K'.ia oho He Moate x<^ ce iipocTpe na laBecTan ciyqaj, 
T" oH,i,a iiiijc Hiiii-aKan ii:{y3eTai:. Hero to je camo 6o.i>e h npa- 
Hif.iHiijf i-XBaraii.c npHpo,i,e Tora Haqe.ia, :^HaK., ;\,ii oho HJna y^n 
oniiM . Mjiii.H ;!iiMaiiiaj, Hero iiiTo ce Moai/T,a iipe Tora mh(UO0. 
A. HI Ty Tpi'nii iiiiy'imiM iiyTcM Ta'iiio npoHatiH yHyTpamfty npn- 
pn,\y na'it'.ia, a Tai.'ito :uni('TH() ii MyqHo MCTpa;KHBaH.e MHC^Hine 
,\a niiHiMny ii yiiiT(',i,(' ii(i]»('1,aHiiiii ii iioopojiiinim HeMWHKO ii3y- 
Ht'iaKa. — l{y ai;o c .i.[»yrt' cTpanc ni iwyijeuu Hiicy uoTeK.in 



Ilimii je iipoTiiii Tora ua^iiua ca thm HsyseuHwa ycrao Savigu y Sys- 
tpiii .1. Iieut. r.iiii. H. VIII. Hd. tip. 374. - 3a thm Lassalle, Tlie- 
orie i\. erw. 1{. cTp. 12. Oiio iuto iipoTHii CaBHH.nja y rojie noMe^y 
iiaBo.vH L'ii;,'er, Syst. d. tister. rrivatr. I. cti). 12.'). npiiM. 40, to MOHje 
.la c.jyjKH u .voHcia ,va una ociioiia liao uoOHJaH.e caMe CaBHH.ujeiie le- 
'ipHJe II ii(»iiiiaiii().j H.iH iieiiiiiiparHdj cn.ui saKoiia; a.m yiirep ooopiiBiuii 
ry TPopH.'y HiiaK tiimc .join inijc ,\oKa3ao, ,\a y oniuTe ne rpeOa h ue 
Mo;i;p ,va ce Mcvm- iieKa ,\(iHCTa ocHOBaua h paspaljeHa Teopuja iia 
Mi'CTo tola I'le.vHora iiuMaraii.a ca HsyseuHMa. Ako to CaiiHH.u,jy n HHJe 
iioTiiyii" nciia.io :;a pyKoji. iiiiai; lo iie 3na'ni, ,\a \i ,iavi.a iipauna tpo- 
pHJa i(> lit' !,(' riiuH y (Taii.y ,i;i yiHiiii! 



TEOI'lIJA O IIOHI'ATHOJ (II. Ill .'^AKOHA 13 

i!:{ caMrtra HaMe.ia, w.^ H>er<»Be yHVTpaiiiH.e npHp.'^e, Hero cy My 
(' no.vd, MoaiAa uo hokhm APyrHM iipamwHMa, HaMeTHyiH ii iio- 
(•TaB.i.PHii, oH^a je to HeoupaB^aHo yiia,uiH>e m 3aAM|)aH.e y ifciTOBy 
(lo.iacT II i[oii])('.T,a H,eroBe (ieayc^OBHe Ba/KHOcTii. Y TaKBojie vAy- 
iiajy Til n:jy:^eii,ii ,],aK^e join MaH,e Mory HMaTH HayMHoia ijHaiicifca, 
II iqwj,}{iH''m. Ha iiao ihto je to iioMaraite ca H3y:j(5ii,iiMa y Te- 
opiijcKOM iior^eAy HeHayyHo, trko je hcto 6eAHo, Heiioy^^aHo ii 
Bap.uiBo II y caMoj npaKTHi^ii. OTy^a ona tmko Ko^ed.LiiBa ii iiito- 
THBopeiHa peiiieiLa cy^oBa, kojhx MoatA^ hh y je^Hoj npaBHoj 
(id^iacTH HeMa y TaKo bo^hkom dpojy h TaKO (»mT])oj ii|i()tiibho- 
cth', Kao npii OBome nuTaity, o KOMe roBopnMo. 

Yc^eA CBera Tora dniio je imcaii.a"'', kojh cy ca cbii.m iio- 
;mTiiBH0 HSJaBH^H, KaKo OHH AiVMB ^11 je HeMoryiiHO ^a ce HKaAa 
■a)opMyiiHiny KaEBa OApet^eHa onurra Haiie./ia 3a jjemeite Tora nn- 
TaH>a. Ha nnaK. nayiva Hiije aacTa.ia Ha TOMe. nero cy MHH.eHH 
]>a3HM yciiemHH n HeycneinHn noKymaJH h H3a pa3HHX TaKBHX no- 
Kyniaja AOiiiao je Be./iHKH 3Ha./iau, pHMCKora npaBa, CaBiiH,H, to 
je yneo 3HaTaH nanpeAaK y HayKy o noBpaTHoj ch^ii aaKona, <> 
Kojoj je onmnpHy pacnpasy naniicao. IIpBH je H,erOB nanpeAait m 
cTa.iaH saAodiHTaK 3a nayKy y TOMe, iuto je oa^ho Beli iioMenyTo 
noMaraae ca H3y3eu,nMa, Te iiOKasao x^i iioBpaTHa ciLia saKona 
K KO npeMa Kojoj npaBHOJ od^acTii Moa^e TaKo hcto Cihth iipa- 
BH^o, Kao H HeiiOBpaTHa cH.ia H^eroBa; 3a thm je CTa^na 3ac.iyra 
OaBHftHJeBa h y TOMe, ihto je oh iipBH noKa3ao h H3Heo Ha cpeAy, 
Aa ceil HTafte o noBpaTHoj h^h nenoBpaTHOj wan 3aK0Ha y ca- 
MOMe Ha lie. ay Mopa, y mecTo na 3aK0H0AaBTieBy Ha!\iepy, cBecTii 



' To je 3a 4'paHuycKy jypiiciipyAeHUHJy iMe^y ocxa.iMMa iiapoiuro KuHcia- 
TOBao Blondeau, Dissert, sur I'effet retroactif des lois (Jurispru- 
dence de la Com- de Cassation T. IX. Part. II. cxp. 278 ii Aa-*e). Oh 
je pet y cnojie onajaifcy Aomao ao xe Hce^e, a* saKOHOAaKaii; cueiiH- 
ja.iHHM onpeAe.i.aJHMa pery.iHffle xpaHCHXopHii yMiinaK CBaKora 
HOBor saKOHa >,(iue de voir subsister I'arbitraire ; uquel nous soninics 
livres aujourd'hui* ! 

- HaBeAeHH y Lassalle, Theorie etc. cxp. 13. 



14 TEOPIIJA O nOBl'ATHOJ CII.UI 3AK0HA 

yupiiBo Hii cjiMy y h y t p a iii h> y ii p u p o a }' <» h n x ii p a b a, 
Ha Koja ce hobii ;^aK0uu oAHOce. H aKO oh HHJe camy npo6AeMy 
penmo, unaK je caM HayiHii saAivraK aiajcTopcKE uocTaBno n 
oCe-ie/Kiiu. ^a iipeMeAasio y KpaiKO iteruBy leopnjy o nanieM 
HHTaH.y. 

(JaBiiftfl' A»K.ie npe cBera 0A6aHyje one Bet noMeHyie uay- 
seTKe TUMe, iuto cbr iipaBHa npaBH.aa c homgaom Ha nmafte 
HttBpaTHOj iiA\i HenoBpaTHoj ciMH saKOHa ASAH y abg Kaie- 
ropuje U.1U iwiace h to, npBu y oh a npaBHa npaBH^a KOJa ce 
oAHOce Ha H p u 6 a B .l a h. e viae crauaiLe neKora npasa. h APyro 
Y (»Ha npaBHa HpaBn.ia KOJa ce OAHOce na caaio 6Htie, casi 
<» 11 (• T a H a K H3BecHHX HpaBa (t. j. Ha TO, xote AS. TaKBO npaBo 
y (MiinTe join uhth maw ne ohth, xoke ak KUKBa npasHa ycTanoBa 
iiMaTH OA caAa oBaKH h^h onaKH o6ark h caApaiMHy). Hpn OHoj 
upBOJ KAUM iipaBHHX npasH^a BaaiH Ha^iejio : saKOH nejia no- 
BpaiHe i-Hjie, hmbh ^hkohh He Tpe6a ,\n. AHpajy y CTe^ena npana ; 
npn Apyi''^'j KJiacH iipaBHHX npaBH^ia naK saatH 6Rm npoTHBHO na- 
m'Atr. HOBH 3aK0HH Te Kjiace HMajy noBpaTny CH^iy, hobh 
aaKOHH Tf BpcTe Ba.ia a^ AHpajy n y mli CTeMena npaBa. Bhah 
ce ^,i\KA^' KaivO je (IaBHH>H y MecTO jeAHora npaBHiia ca neKHii 
ii3y3Hii,nMa, nocTaBiio ,\\\;\ iqmmiAn npeia pa:MMqHOJ KaTeropuJH 
iijiaBHHx (»Hi)eAe.i.aja n THaie yitHHyo CBe one HsyseTKe. — Ta 
jt' ('aBMii.HJcBa T('0])nja. npBo paAH Be./iHKora ayTopHTeTa caiiora 
iincua, Al'Vi'" M paAU oiiora ihto nia HecHopno HCTHHHTora y 
caMnj ocHoBii T(a H.ei'OBe fl,eo6e, Ayro Bpeme CKopo HeorpaHHienu 
II fipayc^iniuio itawni.ia 11 (• Tora cmo aP^^-IH, a^i h<^m J6 AV- 
jKHncT ,vi j'' "BA*' HaneAeMO H A'l t'*' OKO H.e Ma^o uoaaOaBMMo. 
IIiiTaii.f jc, : y wt'My jc ra CaBHii.HJeBa Teopiija norpemna n 3a- 
ihtm una linjc Mor.ui am iioctiii'hc cMep, paAH Koraje iiocTaBjieHn, 
a T(» JH Ail Kniia<iin> iiciiiii ii iipeimcTH nHTaH>e o HOBpaTHOJ h;ih 
jHMi(.iiitaTiiMJ ni.iii :;;ii,-(iii;i y nnvuii ? 



>\>tiMii .1. hcut. unn. Ecrhts VTIT. T'.d. rrp. 3r.8— 510. 



TEOI'II.IA I) IIOBPATHOJ ( Il.lII SAKOHA 1 5 

npe cBerii, ysii^iy,!, Tpa/Kiinio y CaBiifLuja x^i A(i:{HaM(t, na 
KaKBoj I'e H aj b m m o j ir p a b n n j h A b j h oOa la Haqe^a o n^-- 
BpaTHOJ H HeiiOBpaTHOJ cHiiH 3aK0Ha ocHHBajy ; a x^i un Ta H>e- 
roBa Aeor)a ^oHCTa oH.iJi TtAopiija y iipaBOMe cMnc^y, BaAa./io 
je CBaiiojaKO 06 a iioMeHyra naqe^a na je^Hv HaJBimiy iipaBHy 
Mflcao cBecTH. To oh hhJ6 y^iEHno. Ila hh to 113 H>eroBe TPopnjif 
He MO^KB Aa ce casna, na KaKBOJ go yHyTpaiiiftoj npaBHOJ mh- 
CAH ocHUBa caMo to naie^o, j]^ 3aK0H neMa noBpaTHe cn^ie. Hy 
TO je CBe jom ijhcto TeopHJCKH HeAOCTaTait CaBHH>HJeBe nayKe. 
A^H H ca CTpane 11 p a k t h y h e npaBHe noTpnde CaBiiftiijeBa ce 
HOMenyTa Aeo6a ne Moase o^paiaTH. llpe cBera u,e^a Ta no^e^ia 
npaBHHX npaBH^a y Taoa, Koja ce o^Hoce na npfl6aB.LaH.e iipaB;i, 
H TaKBa, Koja ce onta h oncTaHKa upaaa rfliiy, D,e^a AaK.ae Ta 
noAe^a HHJe ocHOBana na neKOM mbpctbom CTa^HOM iipHHij,Hny, 
jep jeAHH HCTH saKOHH Mory y je^HOMe c^yqajy iitii Jiel^y 
saKone npHilaByLafty npaBa a y APyroMe oneT let^y aaKone 
^nty u oiicTaHKy npaBa, a to je npema TOJie, KaKO ce KaA 
CTane, uae Ha MeAHnrre nojeAHHe HHAHBHAye h^h na oeAHniTe 
came npaBHe MaTepnje'. Heia j^hkaq HHKaKBe cTaiine TeopnjcKe 
rpaHnu,e, nema EpHTepnje 3a pa3^HKy H3Met)y jeAHe h Apyre 
Kjiace saKona, o6e ce E^iace BeoMa qeivro ciiHBajy jeAHa y Apyry? 
D,eiia je Ta noAe^ia A'lKjie ocnoBana caMo na a n c t p a k t h n m 
KaTeropHJaMa yia 6e3 npaKTaqne ynoTpedjtHBOCTH n Taqnora 
ode^eatja. 

Ko^HKo je HeH3BecHa h Ko^edjBHBa rpanni^a H3Mei)y o5e 
Te Kiiiice saKOHa, to je ^laK h caai CaBHftH npnsHao (cTp. 37.S 
H>eroBe KftHre), a^n j\,n 6h CBOjoj jeAHOM nocTaB.i,eHOJ noAe.in 



To y nojeAUHiiM iipuMepiiMa iioKasyje HapoiHxo Lassalle, Theorie A. 
erworb. E. cxp. 380, 394. — Oa iipnyiuKe y HcioMe CMiiciy iroSiijajy Ca- 
BHH.njeBy xeopiyy. Bornemann, Erorterungen im Geb. des preuss. 
Reclits, H. I. cxp. 8 H Aa^^e. — Unger, System I. cxp. 125 npHiM. 40. 
— Windscheid, Pandekten I. cxp. 69. npujt. 6. 7 neKo^HKO ca Apy- 
rora je xieAHmxa noQaja R. Schmid, D. Horrschaft d. (iesetze nach 
ihren rauml. u. zeitlicheii Gieuzen, 1863. cxp. 108—111. 



16 TKOI'II.IA O IIOBJWTJIU.J (-II-llI 3AKOHA 

11 ••ij..Mt' HaMt'.iy «»cTau Bepan, uh MopaAe BeoJia qecTO Xd ^ajo 
iinje,uiHa ]»HiiieH.a. Koja cy (>'ieBii,i.H'> norpeiima", a noHeKaA oner 
ii<'A VTiiuaJi'M cBora HiMiocprAuur iipaBHora oce}iaH.a ,i,aje laKBa 
jM'iiii'H.a. iMJa cy i!]»aHH.iHa, a^i Koja cTOJe y yHyTpaiiiifcuj ii {to- 
Tii itnjM-'i H 'HTii iiiM'Ma H,eroBOM Haqe^y (TaKHO My je iipoTii- 
HnpH'ijf iipt'Ma luarTHToMe Ha.»ie.ay iiOKasao Hapo^JHTo h Borue- 
iiianii y nan. i.ii.iciii cTp. ;J-i). a Mopajy My ii]>oTifBopeiinTii. aKo 
lit' .i,a nv.v ,V»'''pii » iipaiiii.iHa. 

<.>i-ii>i TMi;! Ha.i.a HaM (iH.i,(' II T(i j(tiii HaiKiMeHyni, X'^ ^f'- 
BiiH.iij»*Hn na"it'.in. nu i.dMf iiaLMiiii n (liiliy Ji oiicTaHKy upaBa 
iiMaJy iinu]iaTiiy cii.iy. iif i;a:{yje no ••BojoJ caAp/KiiHii ynpaBo 
H u III! a .ipyi", HrMd ("iiy c/rapy ii Hapo'iUTo y opaHuycKOJ 
jviiiii-ii|iy.i,('HiuijJi o.i. HajKa,i,a iiuiiHaTy «i»opMy^y, ^a CBa ona 
iipaiuia iijiaiiii.ia . i:nja iicniMy m jaBHora npaBa, iniajy 
iii»H]";iriiy "11. ly. ,1,.! j.' ,i,oiiit;i iicTOBeTHOCT Met)y (lueMa (i>opMy- 
.i;iMa. Hii.ui •■'" iio T"Mf'. i,-a,i, ct^ (>ua3}»eMo. ,i,a c je^He CTpaHe CBa 
iipaiuia ii]tai{ji.ia <» oiiliy ii.ui Hcuiifey HOKe upaBHP ycTanoBe, o 
raMd.Mc uiicraHi.'y oBora ii.iii (iHora upaBa luy sietjy t. h. anco- 
^ynn' :iai:<iiii\ m i.'njnMa (•»' ii]»nBaTH..M bo.lom ho MO/Ke HiiniTa 
Hii]it',i,t'.i.;iiiaTii nil Mt'ii.aTii. a (• APyi'i' <••' (•T]iaHt' Tai.'Bii aircii- 

.IVTIIII :!ai;nHll. ^ i;njll.M;| (■(' Ht' M(f,K(' lll>Il]{aTHO yi'ouapaTH. CMa- 

Tpajy i;a.i Tai.-itii . i.-nju iidTiiMy ii:^ jaiuiora iiitaBa". Jmir 



' JiiKo II. lip. oil peiiiHKa. A.Si iieKo iisBecHO ^e.io, Koje k;ia je y'iiiH,em>. 
iiHJe buh;h.io kjui y3poK 3a pasBOA upaKa. HiiaK Jiuaie aouhujc 
lUMiani TaKBHM yspoKo.M, ano iieKH Aonmijii :iaKOH iioMeHvro ac.io ao- 
inia Kiio y:tpoic paaituAy TipaKa KHajiii<i'HKyje. To je peuieH.e oieKiiAiift 
iinipciuiio, jep OH ry aauou luiao iioi<i>aTHy cii.iy. uojoj He.Ma HHKa- 
Kiioia ociiuiia. A.ui CauiiHiii je Mopao lano a* peuiii, no luxo cbh saKOiiii 
o fipuKy II pa:i'joAy opaua UAy y Kaxeropu.jy aaKoiia o niihy h oii- 
oraiiKy iipaiia, a rauBii aaKouii no H>eroiioj Teopii.jii y cnai.o.Me c.ivMajy 
iiMajy nonpar iiy cn.iy. 

' Toje Tai;o nnppAe.i.eiio ii o3naieH0 y pHMcuoMe iipany. AiicojyTHe sa- 
KOiie I'liM-LaiiH <y paiyiia^n y jus ji ii li 1 i e n in. h. up. fr. 7. § 10.. 
I'r. ;{.^. Die. <le paclis. 2, 11. - fr. 20. Diff. de relifriosis 11. 7. - iV. 
27. I»i(.'. tie 1!. J. .50. 17 11 r. a- — Myi)joH re aaKone 30Be j,(lioit 



TEOPIIJA O IIOBI'.VTHOJ CU.UI 3AKOHA 17 

jacHnje Tii HCTOBeTHocr ii3^a3H na ('peAJ, kha ce yssie Ha jm, 
KaKO M c.aM GaBHifcH iiocraB.ia Kao Haj6oji.H h HajnoysAaHiiJH snait 
3a pa3^nK0BaH,f. nsMet^y one iteroBo abb K^ace iipaBHHX iipaBH^ia 
yiipaBO TO, Ai< -^H HBKH 3aK0H iiAe y jaBHo iipaBo (^a am je 
juris publici), n aKO je, OHAa H3BecH0 hag y KAacy ohhx 3a- 
Kona, Kojii ce inqy 6nlia h oncTaHKa iipaBa, Oh bqae (Ha cTp. 
520, CBOje Beti naB. paciip.): „HapoqHTo noysAano h 
3a npexeatHy Behnny ciiy^iajeBa ca cbhm aoboaho cpeACTBO 3a 
pa3;iHK0BaH,e (H3Met}y one abg Kj.ace npaBHHX npaBHiia) ^nte y 
TOMe, KaA HCUHTaMo, Aa -in MoatAa neKH hob saKon Ej\,e Meljy 
one Mawio npe HOMeHyxe 3aK0He crporo no3HTHBHe, upH- 
H y A H e n p H p A e , kojh Hiajy cboj Kopen Ban qHcre npii- 
BaTHO-npaBHG od^acTH. X tomg c^y^ajy mh laKaB saKOH BajLa 
OAMax Aa yBpcTHio Mel>y 3aK0He o 6ii\ij h oncraHKy npana, 3a 
Koje He BasKH npaBH^o Aa 3aK0H Hema HOBpaiHe chab". Meljy 
le 3aK0He CTporo no3HTHBHe, npHnyAne npnpoAe CaBEftn paqyna 
CBB one KOJH „cToje y Be3fl ca MopaAHHM, no^HTHqKHM, HapoAHo- 
npHBpeAHHM y3pou,HMa h CMepoBHMa"* eak ce ocHHBajy na caMoj 
no3HTHBHoj HpHpoAH H3BecHora HpaBHora opraHH3Ma, AaEJie cbh 
KoJH HAy y jus publicum n kojh cy oa CaBHanja c Tora bb- 
OMa 3roAHO Ha3BaHH anco^yTHHM 3aK0HHia. 

Oho niTo je AaK^e y Toj crapoj ^opjuyAH, Aa cbh 3aK0HH 
ca jaBHO-npaBHHM KapaKTBpOM H>iajy HOBpaiHy CH^y, Kasano 
6eao ca crpane caAP^HHB thx 3aK6Ha, to jb CaBHftH caMO 
ApyK^HJe HspasHo ca CTpane <& o p m b h HocTasHo ca ^opMa^HOM 



public sui generis*, jep ncTHHa y.iase y caciaB npuBaxHora npaBa, 
a HnaK aoce Ha ce6H KapaKiep jaBHora iipaBa, b. Repet. ecr. s.A. prein. 
ex. de Code Napoleon I. cip. 7 h 8. 
1 To je Ta Hcxa MMcao, Koja ce najasH y mhoihx aoahhjhx uiicaita, KaA 
OHM Be^e, KaKO saKOHH y KOJHJia ce j,3acTyna hckh Mopa.iHH hjh 
HapoAHo-npHBpeAHH npiiHiiHn oa Be.iHKe BaffiHOCTH* (peiH 
BiiHAuiaJAa) oAMax Ae^vjy n iiMajy noBpaTHy cujy. B. o losie Wind- 
scheid. Pandekt. I. cip. 68 npHM. 3, cxp. 69 npaji. 6. — Unger, 
System I. CTp. 127. 

r.lACHHK LIV. 2 



^8 TEOPIIJA O IIOBPATHOJ CII.III 3AK0HA 

npecyAHoiiiKv, ii <• Tora ce ii koa H>era ona cipana ca^p^HHe 
oneTBpaiia ii iiojuB.tyje uapeM Kao 3HaK pa3.iHK0BaH.a npn $op- 
MUjiHoj iKue^H y OHe ABe Mace. 

Hy II aKo ](' CaBHitiijeBa 'reopuja, Kao mio cmo mAGAE, 
HrinBHTH.' ciiApHinH.' ca oHOM CTapoM fopMy^oM, HiiaK HG Tpe6a 
Miic.iiiTU, Ail "Ha HH iipeACTaBAa (jam HiiKaKaB nanpeAaK npeiia 
TMJ crapdj <i.(i])M}.iJi. ^^ac^yra j> Tora Miic^iaoua ii no oay ma- 
Ti'pnjy (•BaK(tjaKo Be.iHKa, Ma Aa to Ha npBii Max Moate qyAHO 
II KMu ![a]taA"Kc AH HSMOAa, Aa ce TBpAH HeKH HaiipeAaK Ca- 
BHH,njeBt' Tf'ojiiijp H aKo je ona HcroBeTHe caApatflHe ca ohom 
napoM 'ixipMAMfiM. 4,<»-^'^'^" "" Hac OABeiio, KaA 6iicmo to caA 
oBAe xieAU oiimupHiije Aa usneceMo na cpeAy h Aa AOKasyjeio. 
y qt'My jt' Hai!])t'Aai; ii cra^iaH 3aAo6HTaK CaBHanjeBe Teopiije 
iipcMa ("rapiijiiM <noi)My.iaMa, to cmo rope seti y KpaTKO 03Ha- 
nwAu II To II oBAe oneT noHaB.i)aMo, a Aa^e n oniujipHHJe AOKa- 
3DBaiLr cBera lora Moi)aMo 3a caAa ocTaBHTii na CTpany. IIocAe 
('aBiiH,nja Hii jeAaH iiHcau, kojh xoLe OAHCTa HayqHO Aa paAU. 
HI' ryui (•»' Biiiiie iiOMaraiH HeKiiM n3y3euHMa hhtm ce Moaje y 
nirra».y <> iioBjtaTHoj cu^u 3aK0Ha iio30BaTH iipocTO caMO Ha Ha- 
M»'py saiioHOAMBMeBy, Hero Mopa hIih 3a thm, Aa to nHTaae penm 
iilM'M.t i-iiMuj y iiyTi»aiini,uj iipiipoAH ohhx njKiBa Ha Koja 
i'.«' H<iBH saivoHu oAHoce, Kao niTO cMo TO rope Bet HaiioMeHy^aii. 

Hy caMti ce no cedn pasyMo, Aa ona nspeKa o noBpaTHoj 
• ii.iii uHiix jipaBiua, lioja iioTHMy m3 jaBHora npana, HHJe hh 
Ma.iH iicTiiiiHTnJa y roj fBojoj CTapoj <i>opMyjiH ho hito je y OHOMe 
■ '•"'.miry. i:njii juj je (JiiiJiin.n Aa'>. Y o6a je <)6Ami;\ ]i(>r])emHa, 

II i-Bf nllM lIITu hU/IvH II IIITo jO HaBPAeHO HpOTMB (JaBHH.HJeBe 

Tf'ipiij... MnH;t' ct* iiaBocTii II HpoTHB H>e. TaKo Aa ocTaneMO iipn 
Ht'h jt'AHoM iMMi'HyTMMt' iipHMepy, pa3B0A opaKa h y3poip pa3- 
HoAu <'>paKa ii3Bt'cnn ]iAy y KaTeropnjy jaBHora npaBa; na MnaK 

IK- MnlKf ll.'Kn Ht'li jt^HoM yilD'eHO H CBpineHO HHAHBHAyaAHO 
A<'.1" llHCTaTII TOK A<'UHHJ11M HeKHM 3aK0H0M yspOK 3a paSBOA 

^»paKa. (><-iiM Tnni to udi y nniinc ho ctojii, Aa cBa npaBH.ia 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATIIOJ CH.UI 3AK01IA 19 

jaBHora iipaBa HMajy 6e3yc.aoBHO nospaTHy cH.iy, jep ohab 6h 

TO M0pa./1() Ha/KHTH H V KpHBHqHOM lIpaBV, jep OBO HSBeCHO H^e 

y jaBHo iipaBO, iin HnaK hhko Hehe tbpamth, ^a hobg Kpn- 
BimHu-iipaBHe 3a6paHe HMajy iiOBpaTHy CH^y. lla oHAa, HeKa 
onpeAe.'teH>a iipMBaxHora npaea Ba^a X'^ HMajy noBpaTHy CH.ay 
caMo 3a TO , lUTO HMajy jaBHO - npasHH liapaKTep h niTo to 
HCTHMe H3 caMe iipHpoAe jasnora npaea, a OBaMO Met^y thk y 
caMOMe jaBHOM npaBy y TeuiH>eM cMHCiy (AaKAe h. np. y 
KpHBHqHOM Hpasy, 3a thm y APyrHM Ae^OBHMa jaBH. npasa Kao 
niTO je : aP^^^bho rpa^ancTBo, HHAnreHaT) Ty h e m a TaKBe 6e3y- 
cioBHe HOBpaTHe cH^e. To je oHAa oqeBHAHa npoTHBopeMHOCT. 

Ila KaA cy ce TaKBH 3HaMeHHTH h omTpoyMHH npaBHni^n 
H MHC^iHOHH cnoTHHa.aH Ha OBOMe HameM npeAMeTy, c KaKBOM Ky- 
paiKJy Mory aouhhjh nayqHH noKymaJH npHCTynaTH aeroBOM pe- 
inaBamy h pacnpaBjLaay ? Ila nnaK, y ko^hko je HHTaae Teate n 
3anAeTeHHJe, y tojIhko je to 6am jaqn hoboa h Ho6yAa sa Hayny, 
Aa ra hohobo npeTpeca h j\a.JhQ HcnHTyje KopHCTeLn ce pa3yMe ce 
OHHM 6oraTHM H AP^irou,eHHM MaTepHJaiioM, uito cy ra noMenyTH 
3HaMeHHTH upaBHHU,H npH pacnpaBjLafty Tora HHTafta naciiara^H 
H HaKyHH^H y Be.iHK0J MepH, H aKO HM HHJe noTnyno pemeae ca- 
Mora HHTafta Hcnaiio 3a pyKOM. OTOJetn na paMenHMa TaKO jaKHX 
HayqHHX npeTXOAHHKa cBaKOJaKO je AaHamftHM Ma h He3HaTHnJHM 
paAHHU,HMa Hocao y MHoroMe o^aKuiaH. Mn OBAe pa3yMe ce He- 
MaMo HH H3 Aa-ieKa Ty npeTeneHJy, Aa ce HCTHqeMo y peA ohhx 
HayqHHx paAHHKa, kojh te na Teie^y thx CTapnJHX paAOBa n 
Tora HaKyHJBeHor AeTaybHor MaTepHJajia nHTa^e Konaqno npeqn- 
CTHTH H pemHTH. HaMa je MHoro cKpoMHHJa HaMepa y TOMe, Aa 
pa3yMe ce KpHTHqKH iipeACTaBHMO h H3HeceM0 niTO TaqHHJe CTaae 
Tora HHTafta y hobhjoj npaBHOJ TeopnJH. 

Hy HMa joffl H HeKHx APyrnx BHme npaKTHqKHx pasiiora, 
HpeMa KOJHMa lie AaHamaa npaBHa TeopHJa oAHCTa hoamhphth 
jeAHy ca cbhm cyBpeMeny npaBHy noTpe6y, aKO ce 6yAe hito BHUie 
HOTpyAHyia OKO niTO TaqHHJer h AG'JHHHTHBHor pemeaa Tora Ha- 



20 TEOniJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.1H 3AK0HA 

yqHor iiiiTaH.a o iioBpaTHoj ch^h .saKOHa. J qe^iy cy th npaKTHqKH 
cyBpeMenn pa3A03ii ? Mu cmo Befc rope HanoMeny^n, KaKu je a^i- 
Har 3aKoH0AaBCTB0 H3 CBOJe TpaHc^eHAeHTHe BHcnne CHni./io y pe- 
A<iBe rpa^aHCKe, napOAHe, le je cBaKojaKo MorytiaH BeJiii yTni^aj 
HayKe Ha 3aK0H0AaBCTB0. Ocini Tora, tu Haqe.io o HenoBpaTHOJ 
rif.ui 3aK0Ha. Ma ko.ihko n3r.ieAa.io Kao ca cbhm npoeio h CBar^a 
npii3HaT<» iipaHii.K* iipnBaTHora npaBa, imaK mm CBOJy oco^eny 
iicTopujy, Koja je yBCK Ceasl y HaJTemftoj Besn ca no^HTHiiKHM 
KapaKTepoM neKor noBecHnqKor iiepnoAa, h o TOMe 6n ce ao- 
iicTa Morula uucaTii 3ace6Ha n Beujia noyqna HCTopnja. Ko je Ha 
HMe caMo iioBpraHO saoeAao y Ty MaiepHJy, ^laKO ke noJMHTK, 
iiiTO cy II :ia iiiTo cy CBa BpemeHa jaqera ii yopsaHora ncTOpiijcKora 
iioKpeia H ]»a3BHtia — OHa, Koja ce odaqno HasnBajy peB0.iyAH- 
oHapmiM, ]ie'i'n]>.MaTOpcKnM enoxaMa — Mopaiia uhth CK.ioH.eHa, 
Aa HIT. I iHHpy npHMeny A^uy naqe^y nenocpeAHora, uesyc^OBHor 
AeAOBaH.a hobhx 3aK0Ha, ji,iiKAQ a^^ ce jA^Jbe oa npaBHiia, x^i 
„:taKnH Ht'Ma iKiBpaTHe CH^e", ^OKAe CY Ha npOTHB CBa BpeMena 
pt'aKuiiJH — II cBe uapi'HJe ca peaKi^HoHapHHM, KOHcepBaTHBHHM 
Tt^iKiLaMa — odnquo onex ycBaja^a naqe^o o HenoBpaTHnj 
fiiJiH 3aK(iHa H T<» y TaivBOMe ooujiy, KaKaB ynpaBo n ne OAro- 
Bapa HpHpoAH CTBapu. y Tojie Has iiOMeAY Hcropnja <DpaH- 
uyci:oi;i npaBHor /KUBotji n saKOHOAaBCTBa A^je naj jacHHJe 
A0Ka3e II HajiioyqHHJe iipiiMepe. ,Jl,a Han AonyniTa iipocrop, mh 
r>HcMo paAH Tor;i A<»ucTa yquHH^in KpaTKy eKCKypcnjy y $paHn,y- 
(•i;y HfTupiijy, a. Ml oBaKo Mdpasio to 3a caA'i ocTaBHTii na CTpany. 
Ty ji' Aiiiv^e (jn.io KpaJHOCTH n npeTepMBaaa na jeAHy h 
Ha Apyi'v cTitaiiy. A kmko je AaHaiiiHic Ao6a BeiiMa ho HKoje npe- 
iiaiiiiLt' 3ay3('T(» iK^<iM»](MaTOi)cKnM uoc.iOBMMa y CBHUia o6^acTHMa 
3aK<»HnAaHrTBa H iii)aBHor;i vKiiBOTa, KaiLo ce A'^Hac qune hoho- 
KaA ocHoitHH iiiMMiujiiiiKajii y MHoniM HpaBiunia npaBHora u eKo- 
HOMHora craii.a. to jt', ycpoA Tora Ko^e6aH>a \i BpT^ora pasHHX 

IIMJIITH'IKHX i'T)iVJ;i. I|]»;||UI,(' H yKpIHTt'HllX lIHTCpeca AOHCXa Cy- 

HiM'M»'Ha iipainii'iiia ii(iTpi'.u;i, X'^ iiayiia qBpcTOM pyKOM noByqe 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ CH.IH BAKOHA 2 I 

HenoMHMHe rpaHHii,e camora iiojia o HeiiOBpaTHuj mAJi saKona, 
're Aa TaKO c je^He crpaHe o^aKiua iipeodpaH^nJHe nociOBO ca- 
AamifcocTH, a c AVjve cTpane A'< HHAHBiiAyaiiHOM mjbOM upeopaHO 
H o6pai)eHO demhuuiTe c t e y e h u x ii p a b a caqyBa o^ non^aBe 
y35yifceHe n 6p3e npeo6paataJHe crpyje. 

(JaA, H3a oBora ^eTiiMnyHor KpHiaqKor npeMGAa crapHJe 
Teopnje h noneKora norpeuiHor oeAHniTa, 4a npHciynHMO ns^ia- 
raity casie 'reopHJe npeia hobhjoj upaBHoj Hayun. Y Toj je 'reo- 
puJH npe cBera cra^o j\o xora, ^a ce npaBji^Ho h 'raqno (*6e;ieaJH 
nojam CTe^eHora npasa, jep Ka^ imaMo Taj nojaM, oHAa 
Hnje TemKo onpeAe^HTPi ony oo^acr npasa, y Kojy hob saKon ne 
Tpe6a XA Anpa- npn Kojoj He MOJKe HMaiH noBpaiHe cn^e, a 
TaKO HCTO oneT h y ony Apyry odiiacT, na KOJy hob saKOH OAMax 
Aeiiyje, npn Kojoj j^mas mm noBpaTHy CHiiy. Hy x^ 6hcmo A"- 
mATS. AO TaiHora h npaBH^Hor iioJMa CTe^jeHoine npany, Ba.iia 
HaM OAMax y noqeTEy nocTaBHTH h o6e^eaiHTH ohhith pyKOBOAHi 
npHHH^n, KojiT ii,e^OM tom MaTepujoM B^aAa, iia oHAa H3 Tora 
onniTera npHHu^na a^ HsneAeMo nojeAHHe KOHceKBeHii,HJe, a 3a 
THM Aa My OMeAaMO hcthhhtoct Ha cnei^HJaiiHHM npHMepHMa h3 
CBHJy nojeAHHux npannnx o6^acTH h na caioMe eMnHpMKoM 
npaBHOMe MaTepnja^y. 

Taj OHIHTH IipHHU,Hn, KOJH I^O^OM HamOM MaTOpHJOM B^aAa, 

Metjy HOBHJHM je nMcu,HMa, ko^hko naM je no3HaTO, HajnpeD,H3HHJe 
o6e^eatHO h onmnpHo MOTHBOBao $. j1 a e a ^, y CBOjoj Bet BHme 
nyTa naBot^eHoj AyxoBHTOJ KH,n3H „Teopnja CTe^ennx npaBa"\ 11 
Taj npHHu^H OBaKo MacH : a). He c m e HMaTH HOBpaTHe cu.ie 



' Die Theorie der erworbeneu Rechte u. der Collision dei- Gesetze un- 
ter besonderer Beriicksichtiguug des rom'., franzos. u. preuss. Reclits 
V. Ferdinand Lassalle, Leipz. 1861. — Ys Aaca.ia ce y r.iaBHOJie 
npHApyaiyje h jeAaH oa HaJHOuajiix nacana o Tone npeAJieiy, a to je 
HTajiujaHCKH npaBHiiK Gabba, Teoria della retroattivita delle leggi, 
Pisa 1868. 69. b. o tomb Teichmann, art. Riickwirkung d. Gesetze 
y s>Holtzeudorff Eechtslexicon* 1871. Heft. cxp. 



22 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0HA 

H u j »3 A ii H 3aKi'H, Kojn CG HHAHBHAye AOTHqe caMO nocpeAOBaaeM 
KaKBe UHAifBHAya^He paAH.e (aKitnje) aene bo -'be; 
•'•). tJMe HMaiH iioBpaTHj cfl^y csaKH 3aK0H, KOJHAe^yje Hann- 
AUBiuyy HenocpeAHO (ies HKaKBora iteHora BO.LHor aKia; 
K«>jii ce AiiK.ie A*^Tiiqe iiHAHBEAye nenocpeAHO y itennM oa Bo^e 
He:iaBiicH]iM, oiiiirre lOBeyaHCKHM d^h npHpoAHHM uae oa crpane 
ApyiiiTBa ji^iviuM CBojcTBHMa, n.M ce AOTHqe HHAHBHAye caMO 
TiiMe, urn I caM<» APy^TBO u3Meifcyje y iteroBHM opraHCKHM 
y (• T;i II .1 B a M a. 

Taj niiiirnf npimunn Moaie caMO oHAa 6hth ocHOBaH h npa- 
Hu.'ian. aK<» iictii'ih h:3 caMora iioJMa nenoBpaTHe CH^e 3a- 
Kfina. Ba.La X'^KAe Biuein as .m oh Aoncra iicraqe h3 Tora iioJMa. 
KaKaB je AaK^e Taj nojaM. una ynpaBO snaqn to, ji,a. 3aK0H HeMa 
iiOBpaTue cH.ie? 3aK0HH npeACTaB.MJy neKy yiny TBopeBiny h 
i-aAl'JKiiHy, HdHii 3aK0Hn cBaivOJaKo j^anAe neKy hobo saAO^HBeHy 
11 iKicTaB-ieHy yMuy caApainny u to TaKBy, Kojy ApyniTBO npo- 
i.iaiiiyje uno oC^iuraTopHy, ouaBesny. CBaKH hobo 3aA0(>iiBeHH hh- 
TejoKTya^HH HanpeAaK h caMe nojeAHHe HHAHBHAye Ae^yje na CBe 
oCjeKie ftOHora npoMaTpaaa h cy^eaa, na Jia ohh h y Aa^eKy 
iip(iin.'i(»rT ciiaAa^ii. TIa KaA Beii koa nojeAHHe HHAHBHAye h aene 
iniTL'jiiireHUHJe Taiio ctojh CTBap, h TaKO Mopa CTajaTH, a^ ona 
HpeMa fiaAamaeM (npeseHTHOsi) CTaay CBora HHTe^eKTya^iHor 
l'a3»H}ia 11 cBoje cbgcth npecytjyje h oho, hito ce no Bpemeny 
<'•«•!• ;tHa KnA\iKi> paHHJe AOFOAH^o, 3a iHTO Aa TO OHAa He ()yAe 
Till;.! urn. 11 y !i]taBy, 3a hito Aa TaKo He CTOJH CTBap h ca 
iiHT<viHn'Hiuij(»M H ('Beni)iy ne^ora APymTBa, KaA oho HGKy 
yMHv THujM'iuiny m caApacHHy (3aK0H) upoMamyje Kao o6.iHra- 
T<'iMiy 11 i.-aA HapoqHTo y caMOMe noJMy 3aK0Ha Bet jieaiH xaj 
3axTeB, Aa ce oh OAMax ii iicnocpeAHo iipHMeayje, Aa 6e3ye;iOBHO 
Kii'* HnpMa naatn 3a nwoKynny CBecT ^pymTBeny? To je oa 
"l'"-i"i; I" "''T". mrn II Myp^ioH* Kaae: „CBaKH hob 3aK0H 



• K<-|t<'t. ccr. g. I. Code Naii. I. crp. 47 11 48. 



TEOPHJA O IIOBFATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0IIA 23 

npeTnocraBJba ce j[a je (> u .l h oa OHora crapora, kojh ce ifcHMe 
3aMeH>yje; jep Ka/i, saKOHOAaBaii, pe^opamme ii hobo HeuiTo na- 
pel)}^'e, TO MOJKe 6wm caMo y toj HaMepn, aa ce yBe^y noiipaBiie 
M Aa ce HcnpaBe HeKe s^oynoipeOe h^h He3ro/i,e, Koje nocroje. 
IIpeMa ToMe ^aK^e ca cbem je npHpo/i,Ho ^a ce iipeTiiocraBH, x^i 
je 3aK0H0AaBau mhc^iho ^a noTqaHH CBOjoj B^a^M n CBoie ho- 
BOM 3aK0Hy He caMo OHa »i)aKTa, Koja 6h ce Mooa y nanpe/viK 
Aoro^HTH, Hero TaKo hcto h h p o in a a ftaKTa mio ce TH^ie ohhx 
ftiixoBHX nocjieAima , Koje ke ce iiojaBH'm a pasBHTU n o c a e 
npor^amen>a HOBora 3aK0Ha. — OAHcra, HEniTa HMJe iipHpo^HMJe 
H jiorHiHHJe 0/1, OBe npeinocTaBKe : ^hhh ce jx^kaq, a^ ona Ba^a 
jBeK H y cBaKOMe c^yqajy a^ BajKH". A to OHAa snaMn, ,\a (m 
3aKon Tpe6ao yseK h y CBaKOM c^yqajy jxn iiia noBpaTHy cHiiy, 
H Ta 6h noBpaTHa CHiia saKona, npeMa CBeMy mTO cmo HaBe^H, mo- 
oa AOHCTa H3MeAaTn Kao ca cbhm npnpoAHa h Hyajna noc^eAnii,a 
caAamitera Haqana MMm;i.eH>a a CBecTn', npea 'ihJhm ce yMHHii 
spaii^HMa He Moaie ckphth hh jeAan npeAMeT hhth Moaie upHCBa- 
jaTH ce6ii npaBo, ah ce na cynpoT caAaniaoj ApyiBTBenoj cnecTH 
OApatH y CBojoj npeljaniftoj cbot-iocth h CBOMe iipetjaiufteM 06- 
^UTKy. M 3ap ce D,e^OKynHO atHBOTHO npaao jeAHOra napoAa, npaBO 
onmTe APyniTBeHe CBecTH na CBOJ B^acTHiH pa3BHTaK 11 nanpe- 
AaK Mopa ffipiBOBaTH n ycTaBHTH npeA ohhm, hito ce npeACTaB.ta 
Kao cTeqeno npaBO uojeAHHij,a ? 

A.M Ty caA Ao^ase npaBHMij,H, na Ha cynpoT oBOMe pe- 
30H0BaH,y H3Hoce APyry MHcao, Eoja ce y OBOMe cacTOJn: KaA 
ce OHOMe, niTO je Bet jeAHOM 3aK0H0M h npaBoi ypet^eno h pe- 
ryjiHcaHO, oneT oAysHia h yKHAa to aeroBo npaBHO ypetjeae, 
OHAa je TO 3ao ; ohh, kojhx ce to THu,aiio, momh cy na to pa- 
^ynaTH, a^ tie to npaBHo ypetjeae oncTaTH n oApataTH ce, h 
Beh cy noqe^H a^ ce Ha aera oc^aaajy. He Moate ce A^K^e 6e3 
AOBO.Mora yspoKa yseTM, a^ je saKOHOAaBaii, nocTaB.Lajyhn hob 



1 KoJH CBar^a y HOBOJie saKOHy AooHJa Hspaaa. 



24 TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0HA 

3aK<»H xxeo X'^ yqiiHH TaKBu 3.10. TaKu HeiioBi>aTHy cii.iy aa- 
KoHa MoTiiHYJe BnHAinaJA. ynrep je hctj ocHOBHy MHcao 
Hspaano Biiine npaBKHqim, KasaBum: „3aK0H ana TeHAeHipjy, ^a 
xuBOTHe cuHomaje HayHHH npaBHHM o;;HoinaJHMa, ^a Bese h ao- 
AHi'e Jieljy .Ly^nMa pery^iiine ii ypeAH no iiSBecHioi Haqe.iHMa. 
OAUoiiiaj Mt.\v .uiuuiia uocraje thmg npaBHHM OAHomajeM, niTO 
cp peryjHiue iisBecHBM saKonoM, ihto AOjasn noA saKon. Hy oh 
X^AUMi no4 ii3BecTaH 3aK0H OAMax npn cBOMe nocTanKy, n sa^a- 
TaK cyAuje, kojh ce AOi;HHJe nosHBa Aa o tomb OAHOinajy cyAH, 
Ht' racToJH re y TOMe, Aa npaBO tgk CTBapa, Aa OAHomaj xeK 
HayuHU npaBHUM oAHomajeM, nern ce H>eroB saAaiaK caMo y TOMe 
cacToJH, Aa n3peMe npaBo Koje BeL nociojn, Aa na -raj nsBe- 
ciaH oAHiiiiiaj iipHMOHn unaj npaBHH nponnc, koj'hm je oh npu 
caMoMe cbkm HocTaHKy Bek pery.McaH h npaBHiiM oAHomajeM no- 
muK CBaKU je AaK.ie 'Inikt Tmie, ihto je npaBHH oaKT, Bet 
yseo Ha ce usBecraH npaBHii mAmi; Ha aera je laKO petn yAa- 
jteH iieqaT aaKOHa oHora, kojh je y Bpeie H,eroBa nocTanKa Bjia- 
Aao. (J Tora Aaoe hckh jypHCTHMKH $aKT, kojh je pannje Bet 
iinciao. He Moate 6hth A'^'TaKHyr hh HSieaen aomhhjhm hobhji 

3aK(tH(iM, llu lUTO OH y ceuH H Ca C0(50M Bet HOCH CBOJe jeAHOM 

AoflHheHd npann.io n Hopjiy"'. To je AaKJie npasna incao, na 
Kojdj ce iicHHBa oHiHTe HpaBH^o, Aa 3aK0H He Tpeoa Aa nuia no- 
BpaiHt' cii.ie. Myp.ioH ii Apym $paHu,ycKH npaBHHup y TOJie 
BHiHf HUHuce Ha cpeAy pa3.iore ue^ancxoAHOCTH, OApJKafta Apy- 
iiiTBt'Hura iiopcTK-a. AaK.4e y oniirre BHine pasjiore 3aK0H0AaBH0- 
nojHTii'ji:!', HtTd crpiiro npaBHe. 

Kv Mil ciiA xuht^Mo Aa AOKa^eMo, KaKO Ae.ia la MHcao 
HfMK.HpiiTiii' (11. If 3ai:nHCKe, y cBCMy TOMB HaBeAeHOM pe30H0BaH.y 
iil'-iiiiiHx imcana. niiai; nnje cxBatena y cBOJoj ynyTpaHiftOJ cy- 
liiTHHii, mijc yii]iaBo iinrotjena Manna raqKa, oko KOJe ce, nao 
f'Ko onimiHf cMdjt'. (.r>p},e n(Ma TcopHja o HenoBpaxHoj ch.ih 3a- 



' I'njfer, System I. crp. Ill n 115. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHO.I CII.UI 3AK0H.\ 25 

KL)Ha. Cbg obo, iflTo cy o TOMe Kaaa^H HaBeAeHH upaBHii dhcuh, 
HHKaKo He MoaKe no crporoj Aorimw ^a noByqe 3a eo6oM OHaKaB 
saKAyiiaK, KaitaB cy ohh n3 xora cBor pesoHOBaita hsbg^h. KaKo 
H OTKyAa ce yiipaBo aoiu^o A,o onaKBora 3aK.LyqKa, KaKaB je 
H. np, Yflrep H3Beo h3 CBora Ma^o ^ac HaBeAeHora pasAaraita ? 
y qeiy je ynpaBO npaBHH pasjior lOMe, a^ neKH uoa paHiiJHM 

3aKOH0M OCHOBaHH UpaBHH OAHOmaj He MOaie HeKHM flOBlIM 3a- 

KOHOM TaKO peliH APyrH „3aK0HCKH ue^SLT" Aa Ao^HJe h a^ My 
ce nponumy Apyi'H npaBHH yqHflu,H, ho mio hx je Hniao no 3a- 
KOHy, KOJH je y Bpeaie aeroBa nocraHKa Baatn ) 1 To HHTaH>e 
ynrep HHKaKO HHJe peinno, nero oh A0^a3H ao CBora saKj^y^iKa 
npocTO OHHM HaMHHOM, KOJH CG y HayH,H 30Be petitio principii. 
Ca cBMM je HCTHHa OHO, uiTO je Kasao, a^ cBaKH oahoc meljy 
^Hu,HMa THJie Hociaje npaBHHM oahocom, uito ce hoaboah uoa 
HSBeeiaH SiiKOH, a laKo je hcto h to Hecnopno, a^ CBaKH oahoc 
THie yjeAHO neJi h Aodnje H3BecHy npaBHy c&opMy h o6^hk ; a.iH 
H3 Tora HHKaKO joiu AorH^KH He H3iia3H, Aa HOCiieAHi^e H yqHHu,n 
HGKora noA paHHJHM 3aK0H<)M ocHOBaHora npaBHora OAHomaja mo- 
pajy Aa ce npecyl^yjy h 0H,eH)yjy ne^HTO sa CBa Bpejiena caio 
H jeAHHO HO OHHM 3aK0HHMa, HOA KoJHMa je Taj npaBHH OAHomaj 
nocTao. Ynrep ncTHna TaKan saK.iyiaK nocTaBJta, a^n on ao- 
jiasH AO H,era caMo thm naqHHOM, niTO npaBHiio, Koje ynpaBO tok 
Tpe6a Aa ce AOKaaie, npeTHOcTan.'ba Bet Kao A0Ka3aH0 h yTBptieno 
y ropftoj HOCTaBij,H, 3a Kojo3i 3aK./byqaK A0iia3H, n to je xa Bet 
HanoMenyTa petitio principii. Jep KaA 6s. HCTHna 6n.io, hito yn- 
rep ysHMa H npeTnocTaB.i.a, Aa je neKH pannje ocnoBann Hpannn 
oahoc cBoj ooAHK H cBoje npaBHAO laAa nocToja^MM 3aK0H0M Bet 
jeAHoM 3a cBarAa h HenpoMeH>HBO ao6ho, OHAa 6e cnaKO- 
jaKO H3 Tora H3^a3H^o, Aa ce hobh saKonn pannje ocHonannx 
npaBHHX OAHomaja ne Mory nnKaKO AOTatn, a^in to oa HOBora 
saKOHOAancTBa ca cbhm He3aBHCHo Tpaja^e, Ta nenpoMeftn- 
boct nocAGAnna n yqnnaKa pannje ocnoBanux npannnx oa- 
noca, TO je 6am ono, nrro je ynpaBo TeK Tpeoaiio a a ce 



26 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0HA 

AOKaxe, a He m ch npeinocTaBii u y.me Kao yiBpijeHO h 
,V'Ka:iaHo'. 

OcHM Tora H3 ue^iora HaBeAeHor BnHAraaJAOBor h YHrepo- 
kmi- iia3.iaraH>a HHKaKo He )ioa:e Aa ce bhoii. Ha qejiy ce ynpaBO 
'•(•HHBajy ohu D3y3euH 04, npaBHjia nenuBpaTHOJ ch^h sa- 
KoHu, niTo ux u caMH TH HHCUH npu3Hajy. Ko npo^Hia h>hxobo 
l»a3jiaraH,e, Mopa ca cbhm ^ornqKH nsBecm 17 KOHceKBeHii^jy, 
AJi oHJi npaBHJiy HenospaTHOJ ch^h saKona A^jy aneo^yrHy h 
ue3ycji<»BHy Baa^HocT h a* Ty OAHCxa ne Moaie dnin HiiKaEBnx 
Ha caMoj HpHpuAH cTBapH ocHOBannx H3y3eTaKa. 
IIcTHHa oHii re H3y3eTKe npe cBera ocHHBajy na 3aKOHOAaBqeBoj 
Bi'.i,ii 11 HaMt'}>ii, a iipeA TOM cyBepeHOM bo.lom naAa CBana tb- 
opHJcKa KuHceKBeHuiya h a* cy caMO npn thm H3y3eAHMa ocxa^iH, 

MH Hf OHCMO IIMa.lU HIlfflTa A^ IipHMeTlIMO. XaU OHH OCHM THX 

cvBepeHdM 3aK(»H(iAaBHnM Bo.i>()M HucTaB.LeHHX n3y3eTaKa noMHH>y 
join H HOKe Apyre, kojh ce na casioj npapoAH CTBapn ocHHBajy 
H n]in i.-ojHMa 3aKuH uo qacTo TeopHJCKOM, Haqe^HOMe cxBa- 
TaH.y Tpeua a^ UMa iioBpaiHy csaj, a to ey c^yqajeBH, 
niTM Hx ynrep^ oBaKo dSHaqyje: ,.KaA nan hobh 3aK0H has y 
KaieropHJy ohhx iii>aHHHx npuimca, kojh neKOie Mopa^iHOM 
H a w f A y , HeKoMe <' t h q k m 3 a x t e b y xote m maJ npaBny 
HasH«M-T 11 3aituHCKy H.iaAy, OHAa y cyMftH th 3aK0HH Ba.La Aa 
<••• cxBaTf KMd TaKHH, KOJH HMajy HOBpaTHy CHAy, jep 
♦'THHi.-H HaMciu HdCH y cedH eHepniJY BpesieHo HeorpannqeHe 

IUaA<* 11 Ha/KHOCTH"\ AkO je Bek HaBeAeHU TeopHJCKO MOTMBO- 



' 15. u Tojie Mctjy octajiiMa ]{. Sclnniil. I>. Henschaft d. Gesetze nacli 
iliren. riivinil. u. zeitl. Gren/.eii. cri). 112 ii 113. 

' System, I. crp. 127. 

' <>,\ iipH.iiiKr TO iicro Kaatc ii 1! ii ii aim aj a, Paiulekten I. CTp. 68 h 69, 
rA<* Bc.ui, KUKo ce o HPKoMe iiiiai;Hii.M iipaiiu.iy Mopa thm iipe yaeiH a* 
iijui-a Oeayc.ioBHO ah cv. iipiiMemi (AaK.ie Aa luia innipaTHy cii.iyl, y ko- 
4iiiiti My Behy BuaiiKicr aaKoiioAaitan Aaje paAH pas-iora Mopa.iHOCTH 
II oiiaiTcia AoOpa. A Ma.Ki Aa.i.e Ka;i;e, Kano ce iiSHt'cHH .3aK0Hii aa ro 
iiluiMfii.yjy II iia uch paiiiijc iiciionaiH' iipaiiuo (),\ii(jiiiaje. uito je y thm 



TEOl'HJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AK0HA 27 

Baite npaBM^ia o HenoBpaiHOJ ch^ih aaKOHa, ihto ra YHrep h aP- 
Ha cpe^y nsHoce, o^Hcra hcthhhto ii ocHOBano, OH^a oTKyAa ce 
MOMo AotiH AO TaKBHX H3y3eTaKa ? KaA ce Kaa;e x<^ ,,HeKH jy- 
pHCTHqKH *aKT, KoJH je paHHJe BeJi iiociao, ne MoaKe 6wm ao- 
TaKHyr hh HsieiteH a<*ii,hhje[M hobhm saKOHOM, uo niTO oh y ee6H 
H ca C060M Beti KOCH cBoje jeAHOM j\o6meno npaBH.io ii HopMy'% 
H KaA ce TO iiocraB.La Kao Ay*>-*H npaBHH ochob nenoBpaTHe CHJie 
saKOHCKe, OHAa OAHcra ne Moate x^ ce yBHAH, KaKO laj Ay^-^H 
OCHOB npa H3BecHMM 3aK0HHMa Moate jxa o'rnaAHe, le jxa ce ohm 
HnaK AOTaKHy HeKora paHHJera jypncTH^Kora $aKTa n a^^ ra h3- 
Mene. 3ap ne hoch cnaKH jypHcmqKH mkt y ceon a ca co^oi 
Beii CBoje jeAHOM AO^HBeno npaBHiio h uopjiy ? He hoch , jep 
ce npH3Hajy H3y3eu,H, a qni ce to npnsHaje, OHAa OAMax h Taj 
ueo onniTH ochobhh npHHUHu naAa , jep oh Kao o n m t e na- 
qe^io Mopa BaatHTH 3a CBe c^yqajeBe h^h aKo ne mm.vL, OHAa 
3Haqii ji,'d to oniHTe na^ie^o nnje noroijeHO, j\n, oho He ctojh h 
Aa Mopa Ty 6hth neKa APyra ocHOBHa npaBHa imcao, na Kojoj 
npaBH^o HenoBpaTHOJ ch^ih saKoncKoj noqana. 

Ka3aTH, JXA 3aK0H 3 a t o ne Moase HiiaTH HOBpaTne cH^e h 
He MOJKe HeKH paHnjn npaBHH oAHomaj AOAHpnyTH h HSMeHHTH, 
nTO je OBaj Bet joahom pannJEM 3aK0H0M pery^ncan h jeAHOM 
3a CBfirAa CBOJ ne^aT ao^ho, a 3a thm OAMax npHsnaTH, a^ y 
H3BecHHM c^yqajeBHMa Taj pannJH HpaBHH oAHOinaj h aKO je Bek 
pery^iHcaH h CBoje HpaBHwio a^oho, nnaK Moaie a^ ce H35ieHH 

— TO 3HayH HOTpTH H o6opHTH CBOJ B^aCTHTH HpHHI^HH, 3Ha^H 

npM3HaTH Aft Taj ochobhh pa3iior Mac ctojh qac ne ctojh, KaKO 
y KOMe c^yqajy. OTyAa ce o6jamH)aBa 3a hito mh, KaA cmo npo- 
MHTaviH pe30H0BaH>e HaBeAeHHx nHcai;a, oceTHCio a^ cmo Ha Kpajy 
ynpaBo oHAe, rAe cmo 6h^h h y no^oTKy t. j. a^ ynpano ne 
MorocMo Aa ce j6q^wwo h A03HaM0, 3 a m t o saKOH ne Tpeda Aa 



saKOHHMa aoSho Hspasa HeKu Mopa^Hii ii.iii HupoAHO-iipii BpeA hh 
npHHu;uii OA ee^iiiKe BaaiHOCTii. 



28 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ Cll.lll 3AK0HA 

iiiia noBpiiTHy ciwy n Koja je to ynpaBO ochobhr npasHa mncao, 
Ha Kujnj ce Ta HPii(>B]>aTHa cn^a 3aK0HCKa ocHBBa. 

HiicjH uBe ^eunmyHe KpniflKe, mu cmo ca^ CBaKojaKO j\\- 
■AiHU, XA 1KI3HT1IBH0 KaateMo, J leMj je npaBH iiojaM le neno- 
Bi>aTHt' ciue saKOHCKe ii Ha KaKBoMe ce ochobhom pas^ory OHa 

• icHUBa. Ty oH^a npe CBera Bajba na to nHTaH>e a^^ o^roBopHMo: 
una on ^na^iuo ynpaBo to, KaA 6ii saKOH MMao iroBpaTHy cH^y? 
He uu 3Haqn;io minrra APyi'", Hero Aa je yMHH>eHa iioepeAa, Aa 
je AHpHyTO y c^ 060 Ay h ypa^yftiiBocT qoBCKOBy. 
II raMo je c Tora noBpaTHa CH^ia saKona HeocHOBana h neAony- 
uiTeHa. y APymTBy ^oBeK jecT h Ba.i>a Aa ()yj\Q c^o^OAan; 
n caM ce 3;ioyHHau npn KaaiH>eH.y ciiaTpa Kao Cj1o6oaho ctbo- 
peH>e ca B^acTUTOJi Bo.toji; jep oh je anao, KaKsa je Ka3Ha 
3a fteroBO 3;ioqnHCTBO OApel^ena, ua kra ra je nnaK yqnHHO, 
3na'jii ,\:i !•»' i-a.M 11 < 1 c it M e e .1 u ,\ h m h 3 6 p y hs.iojkho 
H(i3HaTiiM iiocicvmaMa CBora Ae^a. Ako oh 3HaMeH>e n no- 
cieumc .:i{(*ra Ae.ia h (5 3Ha 11 ho no3Haje, OHAa ra 3a- 
h'uH Kao HeypayyHiHBa ocj!io6ai)a. IIoBpaTHa ciLia 3aK0Ha AaK^e 
Ht' Tpt^ija Aa 6yAe, jep 6h nnaMe nojeAHno ./iHU,e 3aK0H0AaBU,y 
II rvAiijii MOMo Ail Ka^ivc: Aa je 3aK0H TaAa, KaA cai ja Ae.io 
yiiiHHo, 3a H>era Ty H3BecHy nocjieAHUy OApoAHO, ja to j\eAO hb 

• MIX yniHiio; jt'p ja uejax CAodoAan, Aa ra y^iiHHM eae 
Hr yMiiiiiiM. Ha aKo ra ys npKuc tomb upnroBOpy aeroBOM 
ocyAe, nn,i,;i MY ce Ta ocyAa He Moate Burae npeACTaBHTH Kao 
iiocjeAnna H.croBora c .1 u a h r h 360]) a. H.eroBe cao^oahb 
cHecHf ijn.i.c , Hero je TaAa ii;ia HjHM H3BpnieHo n03HTiiBH0 n 
ii<»AMyK.i<i iiacii.i.c. HoTHyno raKo hcto ctojh CTBap y npHBaT- 
HuM iipaBv. .li']! To ii]tiiitaTH() iipaBO y oiiiirre h HMJe hhiutr 
Al'Vi" Hu |M';i.i iiit.i niij ;i ^ (icTi{apeH.e HUAWi^HAy a ahb 

"■.1 I m'. ..,!,(• It u. I.e. KiiA ce AaK.lC ,V»UnHJHM 3aK0H0M noBpaTHOM 

ciuoM AJil'iK' y Bo.i.Ho Ae^o Heue uHAiiBHAye, OHAa My je Ta 
H. Tuij;! itd.i.a nci.-jM'iiyT;! n y ncKV Al»yry HpcTHopena 11 c Tora 
.i paiiiiyi-Kii ii|.;ii;iiiiK Ty.iiiji' Ty iioBpaTHy cu.iy saKOHCKy, 



TEOPHJA O UOBPATHO,! Cll.lU 8AK0H.\ 20 

Taj peTpoHKTHBBTeT Morao Aa. nasoBe „3aMK0M Koja je MeTHyra 
HHAiiBnAyajia (U CTpane 3aK0H0/i,aBiJ,a" (un ping-e tendu aiix in- 
(lividus par le leg'islateur). Ma KaKo ce A^-ieKo iipucrupa^a 
Moti aaKOHO^aBqeBa , ona HuaK HHKa,i,a ne CTMaie qaK t a k o 
^a^HKO, Ai^ MOJKe A^i y^HHH, Aa je Hesa HHAHBHAya Heiino 
Apyro xxe^a, ho ihto je Aoncxa x-re^a. TaiaiB /i.aMe saKOH 
ca noBpaTHOM ch^om aoboah ex post ,\o Tora, 4a je iiHAiiBiiAya 
Apyro XTe^a, a APyro qsHHAa t. j. TaiiaB 3aKoH qHHu Ha- 
CHAe HHADBHAyn h oh ce ho tomc hpothbh caMome n j m y cBera 
npaBa, kojh ce caio y TOMe cacroJH, Aa je ho3uthbho npaBO 
ode36et)eHa c$epa h ypet^ena o6^acT 3a pea7in3au,iijy CAo^oAHe 
BOjte. TaK,aB 3aK0H AaMe nnje 3aK0H, oh je anco^yrna ne- 
npaBAa, yKHAaae iipaBHora nojaia y oniu're. Hy TaKBHM ce 3a- 
KOHOM He yKHA'i H He nopaqe caio c^o6oAHa BO-ta, Hero 
yjeAHo n 3HaH.e h MHmj,eH.e HHAHBHAye. 

Bnamo, A'I Bo^e ne Mo^e a^ ^y^e 6e3 cBecTH, 6e3 mh- 
Hi.tefta, jep hhko ne Mo^e neniTO xieiH 6e3 HHTe.iHreHu,HJe, ne 
Moaie XTeTH aok nnje yjeAHo TOMe h mhc^ho. ELo hito je A^K^e 
BOJBa y Hajiemftoj Be3H ca ManribefteM, no mio ee ona ynpaso 
ocHiBa Ha MHniAeH>y, to ce OHAa AaKo yna^, KaEO ce 3aK0H03i 
ca HOBpaTHOM CHAOM TaKotje H MHfflJI.eH.e H 3HaH>e HHAHBH- 
Aye HacH./iHo AeHaTypnme h y neKO APyro npoiieiie. Ciio6oAHa ca- 
MOonpeAejtHBOCT, 3HaH>e h BO^a, A^K^e ynpaBo Ayx qoBe^JH 
HOBpaTHOM ce cH^OM 3aK0HeK0]tt HpeTBapa y nacHBHy e t b a p 6e3 
CBOje BOibe, Koja uoji,AesRE npocTo cnoAHOMe CTpanoM yTnu,ajy 
n onpeAeibHBafty. A to je oHAa, Kao hito je BeL HaHoienyTo, 
a H c ii y T H a h e n p a b a a h c Tora ce loaie pasymeTH, KaKo 
je Ben^aMen KoHCTan* lorao c npanoM y3BHEHyTH, a^ je no- 
BpaTHa CHiia 3aKoka npecTyn^ 



1 A npe H.era a <t-paHn;ycRa ^Declaration des droits* oa i'- 1793. saate y 
CBOMe lAaey 14: ^I'effet retroactif donne a la loi serait un crime. 

^ Jom puMCKH saKOHOAaBan; JycTUHHJaH roBopeliH o noBpaxHOJ ch.ih sa- 
KOHCKOJ, Kojy je y MHorHir cbojhm saKOHiiiia Hapo^iHTo napeAHO, seojia 



30 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AKOHA 

II(» lUT" cy JFiiK cAOuoxd MHffl.teH.a II c.io6oAa BO^e Heonxo- 
AHH ocHOBHii yc.iuBii. Hu KuJHJia CG uaioKynHO npaBO y onuiTe 
ocHHBa, H HO lUTO Ty BeK He Mo^e BHiiie uhth roBopa o npaBy. 
TAe ce caMa ii p a b h a h a e j a h to y cbomg Kopeny jmjyA, OHAa 
OTTAH «3ja3n jacHo. Aa saKOHOAaBai; He Moate 6HTn iipaBHO 
uB.i a iiiin'H . Ai' niKHy noBpaTHy CH^y saEona HapeAH h a^ 
H.eroBa naMepa u Bo.ta, Ma ko./ihko Aa je jacHO h jaKO napa- 
ateHa, y toj npaBHOj iipiipoAH cTBapH ne Moaie HMiuTa ii3MeHHTii. 
To je Haj jaqe Hspasno Miipa6o(y ^pani^ycKOJ KOHCTHTHaHTn 
iK\ V. 17 9 1 > I y ••BuJie y3BHKy : „ N u 1 1 e p u i s s a n c e h ii in a i n 
11 i s u r li u 111 a i n e lie peux leg-itimer im effet retroactif " . 
M TO je cMiicao, y Ko^ie y noneKHM rope BeK HaBeAenHM ycTa- 
BHMa XTeAoiiie na^e^io HenoBpaTHe cii.ae 3aK0HCKe a^ o6e36eAe ii 
yjeM^e. A.111 tv Hiije ii0Tpe6aH ycTaB, He Tpe6a oh TeK a^ Ka^e, 
iia M •■f' 3Ha, A^ HH jeAHOMB 3aK0H0AaBuy He npnnaAa npano j\-d 
yKJiA<i ^loHoijy cjio6oAy Bo.te h H>eroBy ypaqy- 
II. 11 Bee T II a:> Ayx <'M;iTpn Kiio nacHBHy CTBap'. 



ocHoiiauo B3U0CH h iiosiHibe MOMeeaT 3uaH>a h.ih MHiuyteiba, kojh je 
y cyiipoTHocTH ca tom iioitpaxHOM chjiom, a Ha Kowe ce uo^a ocHHua. 
'I'aKO 11. lip. liejH: ^.Illis (legil)iis) euiiii credentes et ita coiitrahentes 
millus culi)Hbit, quare noii futuruiii sci v er an t'^ .. Nov. 22. cap. I. 
lie miptiis. 

Mil oiue lOBopHMo ca reopujcivora ivicAHUira o iipaBy saKOHOAaBieBy, 
a puayjie ce ^a y iipaKiHUH oh MoiKe HMaxu Mot Aa yiHHU ii oho, 
iiiTo niije li.eioHo iipaiio. lly y rusie Oam h jecx Beoma HsyroAau 3HaK 
uciiay'iiKJCTH u iiaisaiKa y iipaimoj cnecTH, mxo jioAepaii nHcu,H, Kao 
uiTO C.MO rope iiiiapjI", cKopo n:i pe^a — ca MajiHM HSyaenHMa — hciio- 
iieAajy, kuko y onoj MaTejmJH cae ii caa saBUCH oa cjynaJHe BO.'i.e u 
iiaMepe :taK(iHOAaii'ieiie. .'laca.aoB je iipeKop y Toiie iiorjeAy iioxiiyHO 
ociKiMuu. Cajto Mil MHcaiiMo Aa Tlacaj lue cyBiiiiie Aa;ieKO, kra lau u 
o,\ cyAiije xpa<Kii, ,\a xaKiioMe 3aK0Hy, KOMe 3aK0H0AaBau, iipoxuHHo 
iipaiiiioj iipiip(>,\M caMe cxiiapii Aaje iioBpaxny cii.iy, oApe^ie iipii- 
Meiiy. Ty ce oA cyAHJ<' xpa;KH imme, ho mxo je y aeroBOJ luacxii, 
TpajKii ce Aa ce oh caw ysAiiine ii3HaA saicoHOAaBua, AOK.ie je Hjeroii 
saAitaK caMo y loMe, Aa niiHMeH.yje 3aKon OHanaB, KaijaB je oa cxpaHc 
aaKOHoAuu'U'He iipoiiiicaH. n. Lassalle. Syst. d. erworb. Rechte I. 
np. .V( II CO. iipiiM. 2. 



TEOI'HJA O IIOBPATHOJ CII.1H r^AKOHA 31 

Hy 113 CBera ihto cmo ao ca^a Kasa^ii o iipaBOMe iioJMy 
ii cMHC./iy iiOBpaTHe cH^e :$aKOHCKe H;Ma3M caMO codoM, ji,n iih- 
v],HBiiAya MO/Ke Ha HenoBpaTHy ciwy saKOHCKy ^a ce iio3HBa ii 
iipoTHB ifceroBe iioBpaiHe cime ,\n iipoTecryje caMo ohao, r^e 
je HOKa B ( ) jh H a p a a Hj a , HOKa m h 4 w b m ^ y a ./i h a a 1: 11, 11 j a 

BOJbe, KOJa XotiB A<'11,HHJHM 3aK0H0M J\H CB yKHHe HjIH H3BpHe 
H H30IiaiIH. 

Ha npoTHB naK ona iipaBa, Koja 3aKuH law TaKaB, 6 e 3 
HKaKBora nocpeAOBaaa HH/i,HBH/i,yaAHe BOjWi , MHAHBHAyM A'^je, 
TaKBa npaBa HHcy APyro a<> ounrra cBcjcTBa (KBaiiHTeTH) h oH^a- 
iiiLeiba, Koja iiocToje camo Ha ocHOBy saKOHa, kojh mx ajiJ^j 
H ca TiiM 3aKOH03i 3ajeAH0 CToje, TGKy H HniMCsaBajy, 
naAajy. 

3aK0H je H3pa3 npaBHe cbgcth u,eAora napoAa. One je a^*- 
KJie 3aK(>HCKo npaBo Kao TaKBO HeiUTo, hito ce oiipeAejtjje on- 
niTOM CBeniliy, Koja je y HenpecTanoMe noKpeiy h npoieHH; c 
Tora cB;iKii HOB oiipeAe^aj Tora 3aKOHCKora upaBa OAMax ce He- 
nr)cpeAHo AOTH^ie HHAHBHAye onaKo hcto, Kao mio je to ^Hmio 
npet)amH,H onpeAe^aj. ^Bpcro h HeAOTaKHyio Mome ocTa'm 3a 
HHAHBHAyy caMo oHo, lUTO je ona h3 're HenpecTaHo npoMeftoe 

Cipyje BiiaCTHTHM CBOJHM AGAOM M CBOJOM BOAOM jeAHOM H3y- 

3e^a H 3a ce saAoCiiwa ! CBaKH 3aK0H a^^k^s, kojh ne a^P^ v 
paHHJa AG^a HHAHBMAya^He BO^ie, m y ko^ihko y h.hx ne ahP<^ 
no CBOJoj npnpoAH oAMax nenocpeAHo Ae^yje. 

KaA ce OBO niTO je Kasano ynopeAH ca no3HaTOM «DopMy- 
^oM, a;» hobh 3aK0HH He ciejy AHpara y creqena npaBa, 
oHAa H3^a3n Aa je Ta ti>opMy^a camo OHAa ncTHHHTa , aKO ce 
noA c T e q e n H M n p a b n m a pa3yMejy caio laKBa , Koja cy 
npnuaBybena H creqena HHAHBHAya^HHM aKii,HJaMa BO^e. 
j\\\nAe cy caino ona npaBa OAHcra cfeiena, KOJa cy HHAHBHAy- 
ajiHOM BOAHOM paAH.OM HHAHBHAye H>oJ3H npnna.ia u oa 
crpane ftene 3aAo6HBeHa. Y tomg nojiiy Kao TaKBome caApasaH;) 
je Bet ue^a Teopnja cTeiieHHM npaBHMa. Y ocra^iOM Bet n 



32 TEOI'HJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AK0HA 

y caMOMe jeanny, y caMose roBopy Hjuasujio noTBpAy, 4a je 
ui-TiiHHT H iiorolieH OBaj ca^a nocfaB.ieHii nojai CTeqenora npasa, 
j»^p Beh y caMuJie oonqHoJi roBOpy 03Ha4yje ce HeniTo Kao cre- 
qeHH caMo oH^a, K'dji, je Ty 611AO HeKe HHAHBiuyaiiHe pa^ifce, 
u nu TOMe 6h npeMa casiojie SHa^ieifcy pe^H nenpaBHiiHo 6eao 
KtiaaTM , A^ je HeKo c t e e a TaKBo upaBo , Koje My je 6e3 
HKaKBe aeroBe paAftC h BOJie npocro nponncoM saKOHOAaBiieBHM 
A a T 0. j\o oBaKBura noJMa ci'eieHOMe npaBy mh Morooio Aotfl 
caMo HamuM ropH>HM pa3^araH.eM npaBOMe j\,j6jhm 3HaqeH.y 
HenoBpaTHe cii^ie 3aK0HCK(\ PI c Tora je HMa^o cBora ocnoBa 
OHO,' iiiTo CMO rope Ka3a^ii „x^ 6hcmo ^omjii j\,o npaBn^iHora h 
Taqnor noJMa creqeHOMe npaBy, Ba.'i,a HaM OAMax y noqeTEy 

llncTaBUTU II OOGAe'^Um unfflTH pyKUBOAHH npHHI],!!!!, KOJH 11,6^01 

TOM Ma'repHJoM (o noBpaiHOJ chah saKona) B^a^a". Mh cmo xaj 

onillTH pyKOBOAHH npHHIJ,Un IIOCTaBH^M, MH CMO BHAe^H, KaKO OH 

nn-Hqe H3 caMora noJMa HenospaTHe CHwie 3aK0HCKe, h na ocHOBy 
Titra oiinrrer pyKOBOAHor npHHU,Hna mh aoV'Cmo ao OBaKBora Taq- 
HHJer iioJMa o cTeqeHOMe npaBy. A X'^ J6 Taj nojaM TaqnnJH h 
i[paBn.'iHUJH, ho ihto je oa cxpane Behnne nncai^a ao caAa no- 
ciaBAaH, TO AP^HMri ,i,;i he ce join 6ojhe nocBeAoqHTH HHJKe npn 
cnennj:i.iHHM iipiniepinia m nojeAHHHX npaBHHX o6./iacTH. 

Mh cMd Kaiia^iH, ,\n ce MHcao nenoBpaTHe CHjie 3aK0HCKe 
lit- ociiHBa iiii Ha qeM ApyrOM ao Ha cy^jeiiTHBHOj cio- 
«M..^ll Avxa qoBeqjer. Ako je to OAHCTa Tano, OHAa ce 
oHo Mel)y ocTa.iHM Mo]ia HOCBeAoqHTH 11 y lymoroBeKOBHOj hcto- 
piijii iipauHora atHBOTa pa3HHX napoAa h pa3HHX noBecnnqKHX 

t'lloXa. 4,'' TO riii]) y KpjiTKO AOAnpiieMO. Ko ce KOilHKO T0.1HK0 

yiioiiHiio ca oiiiiM. iiiTo ce 30Be »i)n;iocoa)HJa HCTopnje uae Aa ce 

lll'anilyllllljc II3pa3HMo, ca OCHOBHHM KyjlTypHO-HCTOpHJCKHM Ka- 

l>aKTepoM pamiiix iioitecHHqKHX enoxa h Ky^iTypHHX CHCTCMa, Taj 
Ke 3HaTH, Aa j<' A 3 II j a oHa 3eMAa, y Kojoj cy^jeKax Kao 
iaKan join He uoctoju t. j. y cTapoj ncToqnoj KyATypn naqe^io 
iiiiA»»iiAya;iHt' cyujt'h-TiiBHe c.io6oAe joiu Hiije npiwnaTO hhth ce 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ CH^H SAKOHA 33 

Aom^o AO CBecTH ii casHaita o aeMy. Ako ce Aaiue, kuo uito 
rope KasacMo h pa^iiomicMo, HenoBpaiHa CH^a saitoHCKa ocHHBa 
jeAHHo Ha iioJMy cyojoin-a ii H>eroBe c.iodoAe, OHAa 6h npeMa 
TOMe, no BTTO y A:uijn toyh uojia join neivia, laMo Mopayia 
a n c ^ y t ii a ii o h |» a t h a c n ^ a 3 a k o h a ^htm iienpoMeitHBo 
H neodopiiBO npaBii^o h BJiaAain ne^oM npaBHOM HCTopujoM asHJ- 
CKOM. H TO je AOHCTa Tajto, Kao mxo ce to no hobhjhm nncu,nMa, 
KOJH cy ce ncTopnjoM a^njcKora npannora JKnB(»Ta n ^aKonoAaB- 
CTBa 6aBH^H, sancTa Moate AOK;i;^nTn\ 

TaKo H. np. y Kniajy, y onniTCM MiajcKOM saKOHHKy, 
Kojn H A^Hac Tamo na^n, nocTaB^a ce o CBHiwa kphbh^rhm 
saKonnMa caAamftnai n dyAyKsM to na/qe^o, a^ ee yBeK npa- 
leftyje caMo n a j n o b n j n saKon 6 e 3 o 6 3 n p a na to, a^ ah 
je HOKO j\,eAO n p e t o r a 3 a k o n a ygnaeno isae noA B^iaAOM 
H)e^0B0M'^ /[maq ^f\K n y KpnEnqnoM npany npoMarayje ce an- 
co^yTHa noBpaTHa cn^ia 3aK0Ha. ITa KaKO je y KMTajy TaKO je 
H y Hhahjh. HHAHpeETHE A0Ka3n Toie Mory ce natn net y 
CTapo-HHAHJCKOMe 3aK0HHKy Meny-a. Ila TaKO hcto boshthbho h 
Hspeqno napeljena Kao y KnTajy na^iasn ce Ta noBpaTna cn^a 
3aK0Ha KOA onora ncToiiHora napoAa, Kojn set npeACTaBAa nekH 
npe^as sanaAHOMe Ayxy, na nnaK jom je 3aAP^ao to opnjen- 
Ta^Ho a3njcKo cxBaTaae, a to je napoA jeBpejcKH. /io Moj- 
cHJOBora sa-Kona y JoBpeja Ktepn 6exy ca cbhm ncK^yqene oa 
HaciieACTBa, na n tuia nena MyniKora nopoAa. A nac^ieljHBa^o 
ce y jeBpejcKOMe napoAy yseK no saKony, ab intestate, hh- 
KaAa no TecTaMOHTy'. EaA AaKJie ne 6enie CHHona, oHAa cy AO^a- 
3H^a noKOJHMKOBa 6paiia n t. a- no 3aK0HCK0Me peAy- ^Mpe neKH 



' HeKe OA THx nHcaii;a hrboah h Aocxa onraHpHO roBopn o toj uejoj 
CTBapii F. L ass all e, Theorie der erworb. Reclite I. CTp. 62 — 68. 

2 noxnyea xeKCT xora KiixajcKora saKOHiiKa Mose ce upoHuxaxn y enrje- 
CKOM npeBOAy y : Ta Tsing Leu Lee, being the fundamental Laws 
and a selection from the supplementary statutes of the Penal Code 
of China, translated by Sir G. Th. Staunton, London 1810. 

3 B. xoMe ceeiiy Michaelis, Mosaisches Recht TL .50. 

MACHHK LIV. 3 



34 TEOPHJA O nOBPATIIOJ CH.IH 3.\K0HA 

3eJia*eAaA (>e3 cimoBa h aeroBO aaocia^io HMaae no Hac;ieAHOMe 
peAy npel,e y cbojhhj aeroBe 6paiie. Hy caA ee nojaBe 3e- 
jiacDeAaA^Be Khepn h ip.me h sa ce jeAan Aeo nac^ietja h xy 
je cuA BOOMa HanBaH n sanimjtnB naiEH, kojh MojcHJeB 3aK0H 
TOMe AaJbe roBopn: „MojcHJe nsnece BHxoBy (t. j. 3eAa$e- 
AaAOBHX KtepH ciBap npeA roenoAa. H rocnoA My peqe : 3e- 
jia4>eAaA0Be cy Ktepn npaBO roBopnjie. Tn tern hm Aara 
Huc^eAHO Ao6po m\)j (ipatoM itHXOBora o^a h npeAatem hm 
HacjeACTBO itnxoBora oua. H Ka^H asuh HapaJH^eBoj : EaA ko 
VMpe H HGMa cDHOBa, oHAa Aa npeAaie Hacjiel^e aeroBOJ KtepH" 
H T. A- TAe ee OHAa AaJte pasBHJa hob saKOH o Hac^eAHOie 
peAy. JenpejcKH 3aK0H0AaBai\, 6or, OTHO^Hfte AaK^e nocTaBAaae 
HOBora saKona thmg, ihto ra HpHMeayje na c^yqaj, kojh ce Beii 
6eme pannje AoroAHo h penfflo h CMaipa ly npHMOHy Kao ne- 
niTo mio ce caMo co6om pasyMe h hito je ca cbhm y CBoie peAy. 
n iiKO je 3e.jaoeAaA0B0 saociajio HMaae no laAamaeM saKony 
H upaBy Bet nociajio nynoBaaiHO cieqenoM cbojhhom Beroee 
6\ydU\ H aKO 6e ce to Aanac cMaipa^o Kao oieBHAHa noBpoAa 
(•HoJHue H ()3HaqHjio Kao npoTHBonpaBHO Anpaae y Beii CTeqena 
iipaBa, HiniK to CBe HHniTa He cMexa hhth hoctojh 3a jenpej- 
cKora 3aK0H0AaBi;a. Oh peniaBa CTBap no caAamaeM saKony, 
iipcMa caAaniH.eM cTaay ApymTBOHe npaBHe cbocth h ne chh- 
BajytiH TOMe. Aa TaKaB nocTyiiaK MOJKAa nnje npann^iaH. 

Aah 3a TO Taj jeepejcKH 6or oeme npaBH opnjeHTa- 
;i a H (jor, KOJH jom He deme cjiymao pHMCKe nanAeKxe hhth 6eme 
uai-iFHTaii y je^iiiHCKOj yMeTHocTH h o6pa30BaHOCTH. 

JeAHHCKH HapoA 6enie onaj, y komo ce nojaM qonenje 
cydjeimiiuidCTH t. j. nojam HHAHBHAya^ne CAodoAe — no komo 

je AyX qolUMC cyujeKTHBHa ('aM00npeAe.MB0CT H UpOAyKTHBHOCT 

— HpBH iiyT H y npBOMe CBOMe o6.MKy nojaBHO y cneTCKoj 
iirr(»i»jijn. H c Tora Ty iiju'. ii iiyi Ha;ia3HMo MHcao o neno- 
Hi»aTHoj n\A\i 3aK0Ha, Kao ihto je H3peqeHa oa II^aTona 
H Kao inro je Boh Ha.ia3nMo y jfMHHCKOMe npany. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^H 3AK0HA 35 

Tin nrro cmo TaKBHM n.viHHOM noKymajiH ji,n j\iim mAO- 
co$CKo odjanraeite ohom onin'rem pyKOBo,poMO iipHHuiiiiy, kojh 
CMO noBpaTHOj CHjiir saicoHCKOJ nocraBOH n pasBH^iii, caA Bet 

MOffiGMO 6aip[TH EOTAGfl, Ha npOCTpaHJ oljjiaCT OHHX npaBHHX nH- 

Taita, Koja na, ochobii Tora HaJBiiinora naqe^ia ^odnjajy CBOje ca 
CBHM npnpo^po pemeite. TaKo iipe CBera saKOH, kojh onpeAe- 
jbjJG H y He^ei HSMeayje nponnce o npaBHoj cnoco()Ho- 
CTH Asu,a. H itHXOBOj cnoco6HocTH 3a npaBHe nocjiOBe (6tat 
et capacity des personnes), laKan saKOH o/i,Max HenoepeAHO h 
6e3yCwiOBHO A^Jiyje h no tomg OAMax OAysHia ly cnocodnocr ohhm 
jHi],HMa , Koja je no AOTaAaraaeM saKony HMaAome, 
aiiM je no hobomg saKony ne Mory HMain. KaA A^K-ie HeKH 3a- 
KOH HSMGHH roAHHe, Koje cy 3a nyno^ieTHOCT nyatne, 're y Mecro 
21 roAHHe OApeAH 25 roAnny Kao ji,o6si, KaA 'ra nyno^eTHOCT 
nacTaje, onAa je inie OAMax CBima ohhm .iHU,nMa, Koja no ao- 
caAamfteM saKony net 6exy nynoiieTHa, la nyno^einocT h ca 
H)0Me cKonqana cnoco^HocT sa npanne noc^ione onex OAy^eia, 
AaKiie ce xa ^Hn,a onex npatajy noA xyxopcxno. Hia ncxHHa 
3HaMeHHTHX HpaBHHKa, Kao mxo cy GaBHan^ BopneMan, 
a y noBHJe AoCia h P. HImha^, kojh ce ne c^iajKy ca xaKHM 
pemeaeM h MHC^e a^ ohh, kojh cy net no cxapoMe saKony 
nynoAexHH nocxavin, ne Mory onex ah ce Bpaxe y Ma^o^ex- 
Hocx H aKo je hob saKon y^nnno HSMeny y roAHnaMa. Ajh je 
HnaK npexe^na Betinna hobhjhx nHcan,a', a napoHHxo u,e^OKynHa 
$paHn,ycKa jypHCHpyAeHn,HJa* na cxpann xora namera pemefta 
H OHO ce OAHCxa Moate A'^iHac CMaxpaxn Kao onnixe npnsnaxo 



* System des heut. rom. R. VIII. crp, 415. h ji.ajhe. 

2 Reinhold Schmid, D. Horrsch. der Gesetze nach ihr. rauml. u. 
zeitl. Grenzen, § 11 cxp. 119 h 120. 

* Kao H. up. linger, System I. cTp. 131. — Las sal 1 e, Theorie der er- 
worb. Rcchte I. crp. 73. n aP- 

* Mourlon Rep6t. ecr. s. 1. prem. exam, de Code Nap. I. cip. 49.— 
Pradier-Fodere, Principes .ereneraux de droit etc. cxp. 91. — 
Demolombe Cours de code civil, T. I. CTp. 

3* 



36 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH4H 3AK0HA 

DpaBH^o HOBHJe npaBHe TeopHJe. Hy h aKo ce cKopo cbh hobhjh 
nncnH y tomb pemefty ciaaty rniaK ce Bet ly onaasa koa MHorax 
HBAOCTaTaK pyKOBOAHora leopHJCKora MeAHinTa y tomb, bito ce 
Ha pa3Hii Haqnn Myqe xa naljy p a 3 ^ o r e, na KoJHMa ce xaKBO 
pemeiLe Tora nnTai^a ynpaBO ocHHBa. IIoHeKH tbe Kao Kpo3 Ma- 
My Ha3npy n h3 Aa^eKa AOAHpyjy npaBH pa3Aor, pyKOBol)eHH 

CBOJHM npaBHHqKHM TaKTOM H IfHCTHHKTOM, aAE la HHCy jaCHO H 

cBecHO yoTOJH n iipenu3Ho na cpeAy H3He.iH. Je as nyno^eTHocT 
creqeHo npaBO n.iii ne? Ha to nnxafte Ba;i,a a^ ee oAroBopn 
na Aa. ce naije npaBH pa3^or ropaeM pemeay. Y MnornM 3aKo- 
HOAaBCTBHMa^ a n oa crpane noneKHX nncai^a ona ce OAHcra cMa- 
Tpa Kao creMeno npaBO, ji,oii cy Mei^y thm APyrn OAMax totobh 
ca OAroBopoM a^ ona nnje CTe^eno npano — a^i 3a mio ? KaA 
ce pa3.ior noTjiajKn, OHAa nacTaJe inyKa n ToniKota h y MHornx 
nnaqe Ba.ii.annx n onixpoyMnnx iineau,a naiin tieMO neoMa c.aa6e 
H ^adane pa3.aore. TaKo Myp^ion ca cbhm npanniiHO peniaBa, 
A-'i n]taBHa cnoco6nocT n cnocodnocT 3a npanne noc;iOBe (Koja 
H. np. nacTaje h 3aAof1nja ce nyno./ieTHonihy) nncy nnKaKna cie- 
^mn npaBa n to : a) 3a to, bito ce saKonoAaBan ne Mo^e hh- 
KaKo OApelin cBoje B.iacTn n Motn a^ caMo ApyiniBO Kao xaKBO 
opraHH3yje; a to (jn ce OAncTa 3i?ajio OApetiH ce to moIiH KaA 
fin HOKOMO Am\y Mopao npnsnaTH TaKBy cnoco^nocT, Kojy on nnnie 
ne 6h Morao nn nsMennTH nn yKnnyTH, na niTa nnnie hh onAa 
KaA ynnlja iLony onacnocT ! 6). 3a to, htto ce ohh 3aKonn kojh 
nnpeAe^yjy cnomunocT ;mna 3a npasne nocaone cMaxpajy Kao 
TaKBH, Kojn cy nponMcann (Jam y nnTepecy camnx thx ^nua, na 
Koja CO oAiioce, oun cy AaKje jeAnno 3a to nocTaBAenn, Aa Ta 
jiiiua 3anTTHTe, na ko dn npeMa tomc OHAa Morao tbpahth a a 
H M a c T e 'I e H n ]) a, b o a a h e 6 y a e 3 a ra t u ti e n ? To cy 
]»a3<af»3n Myp^ionoBH ; bhah ce Aa cy onn TaKO onrnxe n upoTer- 
.1.11 no ii])upoAe, Aa C»u ce ohh Mor^iH teko hcto h npn MHornM 



TiiKo II. np. y aycTpiijcKOMe saitoHo^iaBCTBy, b. Unger, Syst. I. cxp. 

131, llpHM. tl II 7. 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ CIWH 3AK0IIA 37 

ApyrHM upaBHMti y\u)T\)e6wm, Koja ce iipmiHajy Kao creqeua ii y 
Koja AOUHHJH 3aK0H He Tpe6a aa AHpa. Sap y upaBHy opraHii- 
3au,HJy APyniTBa ho cuaAajy m TOiiHim APyrH bukohh, nero (-aMo 
OHH, KuJH uupe,\eyLyjy HpaiiHy chucuuhuct AUH,a h H>uxoBy cho- 
eo^HOCT 3a HpaBHe noc^iOBe 'I M. ita^ 6b. casio o tomg 6uao hh- 
laae, ji,a saKOflOAJiBaH, y cBaKoie c^yyajy o^P^h CBojy Moh h 
BjiacT, ^a ypeijyje h opraHHsyje ApyniiBo, Ta/i.a Oh ce AorMMKii 
113 Tora MOMO caMo to ubbgcth, x^i cBaiiM hob 3HKon Ba^a o.i,Max 
6e3ycAoBHo ^ii At'-iyj'^, AHEAd A'i MMa uoBpaTHy CH^y, jcp mm 
TO HHJe, oHAM je oypax 3aK0H0/],tiBu,y y Heuo^HKO OKpyaeHa Hie- 
roBa Moti, Ail- npaBHo opraHHsyje APyui'fBo, jop siopa ji,ii nouiTyje 
H3BecHa npaBa, Koja ce ca a an am a cm npaBHOM opraHiisau^joii 
ApymTBa BHme ne ciiaaty. H itaA 6e ce caMo Taj Myp^oHOB 
pa3jior HMao na yiy, oHAa oh ca cbhm KOHceKBOHTHo oh^o, A'* 
H y Tome c^yqajy, rAe 3aK0fl MeH>a roAHne c n o c o 6 h o c t h 3 a 
6 p a K , Taj 3aK0H Ae^yje h ^^ one (JpaKOBe, kojh cy hoa pa- 
HHJHM 3aK0H0M 3aKAyqeHH, jep h y Toie je c^yqajy nHTaae o 
HSBecHOJ CHoco^HOCTH AE\i,ii, H 3ap saKOHOAiiBau, HO orpaHH^aBa 
CBOJy MoL, Aa opraHHsyje APyiui'Bo, KaA y TaKBOMe c^yqajy Ty 
cnocodHocT 3a opaK ne MOiKe BHine Aa hsmohh hh Aa yKHHe, n 
aKO yBulja fteny onacHOCT ? 

TIa HuaK MypiiOH o thm Bek 3iK.i.yqeHHM dpaKOBHMa Kaaie, 
Aa Ha H)HX HOB 3aK0H HO ABAyje h to je pemeifce npaBH^Ho, caMo 
mTo ce jflo He MijjKO na H>eroBOM ohom pasAory ocHctBaTH, Hero Ty 
OHAa Mopa oh Aa ce noMaate thmo, hito to oa H>era nocTaBAOHO 
npaBHAO CHOCO^HOCTH ^Hu,a Mopa Aa ce „orpaHHiH h y neqoM 
yiepa", h Ty OHAa MypAOH Bot la^o Hasnpe upann paaiior npeia 
CBOMe jypacTHqKoie HHCTHHKTy, hak ra hhjo HpeLtH3H0 h Kao uito 
Bajta H3Heo na cpoAy. HIto ce thio oHora Aa-tera pa3Aora, Aa 
HHKO HO Moate HMaTH CTeqeHo npaBO Aa ne 6yAe samTnteH, oh je 
TaKo HCT0 cAa6 h HOAOBOibaH, jep CBaKH onaj, kojh je no 3aK0Hy 
Bek HOCTao HyHOiieTaH h thmo aooho npaBO Aa caM0CTa.aH0 pacno- 
AUKQ CBOJHM Hiaaeii u 3iK.Lyqyje npaBHO noi*>AOBe, h to cBoje 



38 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^H 3AK0HA 

upaBO Beii y Be.inKO BpniH, 'raj to HHKaKO He CMaTpa Kao hgkh 
xepei H Heity necpetiy, npoTHB Koje BaAa xd ce saniTHTH, nero 
(»H TO CMaTpa Kao hsko j\,o6i^o e hgko npBencTBO, KOJe ^aAeKo 
upeieate cbg one samTnTe Koje ce Aajy MaAO^eTHHaia'. Ila KaA je 
HeKO Bct no saKOHy j\o6m iipaBO, x-^ He dy^e Biime saiETnLeH, 
KaA je BeK iipn:3HaT Kao cnocooaH h a^ My xa saiiiTHTa BHnie HHJe 
HyiKHa H OH je Ha Ty cBojy choco6hoct noxnyno Morao paqynaTH, 
3a mio ,\A My ce AOUHHJe hohobo oneT HaTypyje h naMete 3a- 
niTifxa, Koja 3a H,era Bek neMa Bame TaKBO snaqeae Hero My ao- 
.ia3H Kao HecHocaH TepeT h Kao neunpaBAaHO hohobo Bpataae y 
HeKH 3aBHcaH HpaBHH noAoaiaj ! 

Mh CMC OBora ^panitycKora npaBHHKa y3e.M caMo Kao jeAan 
iipHMep n3 MHorax, ho KOMe ce bhah, KaKO ce ohh hhci^h Myqe 
H HaTG/Ky ca pa3^03HMa 3a neKO y caMOJ CTBaps npaBH^iHO pe- 
meu.e caMo c Tora, hito HHcy cTa^n na npano TeopnjcKO taq- 
AuniTe H HHcy Ham.M Ao6ap ochobhh pyKOBOAHH upHHi],Hn nfiAQ 
oBe MaTepHje. 

3a HITO iiyHOJieTHocT HHJe CTeqeno npano, to npeia ohomg 
pyKOBOAuoMe MeAHiUTy, ihto cmo ra mh rope nocTaBHiiH, HHJe hh 
MaAO TGiiiKo ocHOBaTH H HpaBMM pa3^oroM yXBpAHTH. llyHo^eT- 
HOCT iipocTO 3a TO HHJe CToqcHO npaBO, HITO npn menoMe npa- 
(laBAan,y HHJe oa CTpane HHAHBiAye 6eao HHKaKBora aKTa aene 
B jb e, HHKaKBe aene HHAHBHAyaAHe paAfte. OaMo Ao6a mHBOTa 

je HfMto HpHpOAHO CBOJCTBO a HHJe HGniTO IHTO Ce BOibOM cTBapa 

II iipoHiJHoAH. Ha TaKo je hcto h 0Apet)HBaH,e OHora Ao6a 
cTapocTH, Koje ce Tpaatn 3a nynoAeTHOCT, jeAHHO h qncTo onpe- 
Ae^aj 3aKouoAaBqeB h cTBap ca cbhm HesaBHcna oa HHAHBHAye 
H u>euo BoAe. TaKaB :{aKOH A«K^e c m e OAMax 6e3yc^oBHO Ae- 

^OBaTH II IIOJOAIIIIIIM .lIlUlIMa BCK SaAOOHBOHy nyHO^OTHOCT OIIOT 

oAy^oTii. Jcp KaA I'e Taqiio H3pa3UMo, OHAa to h ne oeme „3a- 
A<»(>HBona'' H^i ^cToqoHa" iiyiioAoTHocT, jep Ty HeAOCTaje CBaKa 



' IS. Sell III id, D. Ilerrsch. <1. Gesetze nachihr. r. u. zeitl. Grenzen, 

CTp. llii. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^H 3AK0HA 39 

BOJtHa aKipja, Koja je HeonxoAHa npexnocTaBKa y noJMy CTHi;aH>a 
H 3aAo6HJaK.a (npM6aBjLaH>a) ; Hero ly 6enie eamo neKa HSBecna 
cnoco^HOCT 3a npaBHe noc^OBe, Koja je iiociojaAa na oenoBy 3a- 
KOHa H Koja je ca hobhm 3aK0H0M iipocTO npecTa^ia uocrojaTH. 
AjIH Ha npoTHB ohm npasHH hoc^obh, ihto hx je ii3BecHa hhah- 
BH/i,ya npeia CBOJoj AOcaAamaoj nyHOAexHOCTH BeL y^nnn^a h 
CBpmH^ia, ocTajy noTnyno y BaaiHOCTH^ ii aKo ce caMa 
nynojieTHOCT onei yKH/^a, jep th cy npaBHH uocjIobh Bet BOJtne 
HH/i,HBHAya;iHe pa^ae, Koje ce hobhm 3aK0H0M ne Mory naKHa- 

AHO HOHHraiaBaTH HH H30KpeTaTH. 

A Aa ^H ce BEfl,eAO, KaKo je 0Bj\,e npa CBHMa hojoahhsm hh- 
TaftHMa Ta^HO j\,o lora cia^o, /i,a ce yneK jgahom nocTaBJbeHo on- 
fflie EsmQAO fl Hojai creqenora npana npeA OMHMa niia, to Lgmo 
jom HanoMenyTH, Kaao OHa ae^h, Koja cy sa^odn^a uyHo^eiHOCT 
He npocTO THMe, hito cy naBpniHAa roAnne KOJe 3aK0H xpajKH, 
Hero cy 3 a n y h o ^i e t h e o r j. a iir e h a npe thx roAnHa'"*, 'ra ce 
jiHD,a He Bpakajy BHoie y Ma^ioAeTHOcr h aKO 6h ho HOBOie sa- 
Kony HpeMa cbojhm roAHHaiaa ipeda^a hohobo a^ ce yBpcxe Mel)y 
Ma^OjieTHe. Ho hokhm nncipMa'* pa3Aor je xoMe, mxo je xa uy- 
Ho^exHOCT HO cyACKOMe OMameay neKa npHBH^ernja, a npHBH- 
AerHJe aouhhjhi hobhm saKOHOM ne Mory 6hxh AOxaKnyxe hh 
H3MeH.eHe. Hy xy yneK jom Moace HeKO a^ nnxa : a 3a mxo npn- 
BH^ierHJe ne Mory 6mxh AOi'^Knyxe hobhm 3aK0H0M, na KaKBOM 
ce xo Ay^-'teM ynyxpanifteM pa3^ory ocHHsa ? H na xo nnxaae 
He Hat)OCMo OAXOBopa y HOMenyxHM nHCu,HMa. H oHAa HS^asH, Aa 



* To TaKo^e ca cbhm Ao6po pemaBajy. M our Ion, Repet. ecr. etc. I. 
CTp. 49 a 50. — Unger, System I. cxp. 133. — Savigny, System 
d. heut. rom. R. VIII. CTp. 407, 408 a 463. — Windscheid, Paii- 
dekten I. § 32. iipaM. 7. h aP- 

2 y pHMCKOM npaBy t. h. venia aetatis ; y Hac u. up. no i.i. 112. aauoua 
CTapaTe.*CTBy. 

* Kao H. np. Unger, System I. cxp. 131. npum. 4. — Savigny, Sys- 
tem VIIL cxp. 416. HHJe ry pa^AHsy yianao MSiae^y jeAHe h APyre 
nyHOJieTHOCTH, Hero oh uo jcahoj cyAH h o APyi'oj. 



40 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0HA 

ce Ty Kau pas^ior 3a hoko npaBH^o naBOAH onei" neKO Apyro 
npaBoo, K(jje ii caMO jom Tpe6a ^a ee ocnyje h MOTHByje hgkhm 
Ayu.'biiM p.i:uoroM. CBaKojaEO A^K.ie mhc-iimo x^ je ropite pe- 
meite mhofo 6oJbe ocHOBano e MuTHBOBaHO, Ka^ upeia HameM rope 
nocTaB-LenoJi oniOTeM nojiiy nyHO^eiHOCT no cyACKOMe OMamefty 
CMaipaMo Kao hguito, mio je nocpeAOBano n cieqeHO neKHM 
HHAHBnAyji-iHHM paAH-aMR^ H caMo 3a TO OHa He Moase 
Bmne a^ ce iiomnnm hobiim 3aK0H0M oiaKO, Kao iuto ce nomi- 
miaBa OHa Apyr^^, saKOHOM Aaxa nyHOAeiHOCT. 

y],a oAMax oBAe nporoBopHMo neniTO h o eMaHi],nnai],iijn 
RAB. ocAodo^eay oa o^HHCKe BAacxH. Ta ee eMaHij,iinai],HJa y cbojhm 
nocjieAHi^aMa oahoch na caisiy ii p a b h y c n o c o 6 h o c t AeD,e h 
no TOMe na [ipaBHii no;ioffiaj jinij,a Kao xaKBora. Aah je ona 
caMa nnaK ycraHOBa, Koja Kopen CBOJ nuia y nopoAHinoiie npany. 
Upeaa xoMe CaBHH>H^ peniaBa, xa KaKO noexanaK o^inH- 
cKe B^acTH xaKO n aen npecxanaK noA^eiKn n dnna yseK no 
oHoMe 3aK0Hy, noA Kojnii ce AoroAH onaj 'paKX, Koji xo npe- 
cxajaae oinncKe B^acxn, A^K^ie 0MaHunnai],njy, 3a co6om nOB^aqn. 
Ha HiiaK to peineae ap^kiimo a=i nnje iipaBHAHO, jep yBeK Ba.i>a 
upu T0M(3 Ail ce uMa na ysiy xo, qnie n ycj.eA lera xa 
oquHCKa B^acx iipecxaje, u npema xoMe Le pemeae ()hxh pasjuimo 
H ca CBUM cynpoxHO. IIo hobiijum saKonoAaBcxBHMa (Code civil 



' HcTiiHa, Ty Oh hcko Morao sanexn 3a to, hito npii cyACiiojie or.iaiiieH>y 
aa iiyHiueruora hc Mopa Gam yueK caji Ma.io.ieTnii to a* Tpa:KH, 
AaK.ie Heua yoeK Cam iteroBe HOAiiitHAyajiHe paAH>e. Ajh Ty Tpe6a 
HMaTH ua yMy, ^a je to cajio iipusHAQO TaKO, jep y iipany y oiiuiTe no- 
CTOJH H BjaAa y nopoAwmi hctobbthoct (HAeHTH^uocT) aim a h>h- 
xoue It 0.1 e. Ilpejia toj iiAeimi4H0CTii CMaTpa ce neKa Bo.tna paAH.a 
jeAHOia uopoAHHHora juua yjeAiio Kao paAH.a Apyrora nop. .niu,a. Aa- 
Kjc OTai;, CTapaTe^b h CTapaTej.CKii cyA paAe y mccto u 3 a JiaAOAeT- 
UHKa Te ouo, niTo oiin aa H>era paAe, cMaTpa ce Kao Aa je oh can 
yp.iAint. BiiAH TOMB AoCpo oOjaniH>eH>e y Lassalle, Theorie d. er- 
worb. lleclite I. CTp. 86 89. 

* System tl. li. roni. R. VIII. CTp. 500, 504. — TaKo iicro h Unger, 
System I. crp. Ml h Il'J. 



^ 



TEOPMJA O UOBPATHOJ CM.IM 3AKOHA 41 

art. 372, Htiin rpaljancKH aaiwnHK § 150. h t. ji,.) no eaMoaie 
npaey (ipso jure) iipecraje oqHHCKa luii XJO^i^rrcLCKa B^acr, iihm 
j\&['G iiot'TaHo iiyuo^eTHo. Ta upc/ra eMaHij,imaiuije ctojh cBaiuiiu 
jLOfl, HenocpeAHHM yrimajeM h yqMHKOM OHora saKOHa, kojh ca^a 
BajKH, H no TOMe Ka^ hob ;^;ikoh noBHCH 6poj roAHna, kojo cy 
3a nyHcaeTHocT Hy^KHe, OH^a cbh ohh, kojh cy no npeljaniiLGM 
.saKony 6sjm m\\ iiyHo.ieTHH, aito nacy AocTHMn hobhm ijaitonoM 
OApetjeno ro^Hne, onei ce Bpjitajy no/i, poAU'reACKy B.aacT, pa- 
3yMe ce ca cbhm cyMacno ca ohhm, inio cmo Ma.io npe o Toj 
nyH0.ieTH0CTH roBopH.M. Ty /i,aK.ae la po/p're^bCKa Bjiacr oner 
nacraje h o^hbh. A na npoTHB ona eMaHu,Hnan,HJa n ea itoMe 
CKonqana npaBna cnoco6nocT, Koja ncmna nacraje 'raitotje no 
caMoie npany, a^in Kao noc.ieAHU,a neKO BOjtne pa/^ae 
OHora, KOJH ce eMani^nnyje (oa poAH'reitcKe Bwiacrn ocjiooa^), Kao 
niTO to Mo^e a^ *^yAe h. np. dpaKoi' — TaKBa eManiyinanHJa 
BeK ne MO^e 6hth AOTaKnyra aoii,hhjbm saKonoM o eMannnnaipJH, 

jep je ona nnAHBHAyaiiHOM aKUHJoM BOibe nocpeAOBana, j^hkaq 
cBaKaKO ere Men a. 

MoatA'i- ^H ^e npn TaicBOMe ciyqajy eManunnauHJe momo 
npHMBTHTH, A^ Ty HHJe pa3./ior TO, uiTO je ona CTonena nnAS- 
BHAyii^-iHOM paAftOM OHora , kojh ee ocaooat^a , nero a^^ JG Ty 
yspoK y TOMO , nrro Majio.ieTnn oes poAHTOACKora A'^nymTeaa 
ne Moate A'I CTynn y opaK , Te no TOMe eMaHu.Hiiaij,nja ycieA 
6paKa HHJe nnniTa APyro no ociio^aljan^e, Koje je c a m p o a h- 
TGJb y^nnno, A'^buih AonyniTeibe 3a 6paK a thmo neti n OTny- 
urraiLe hchoa CBOje B.iacTn. Xar to je ca cbhm cay'iajno, j\ii ce 
TO ABOje CTHiie h yjeAHO na^asn npn toj npcTH eMannnannje ; jep 
H KaA Tora CTHij,aja ne on ohao, ^iikaq nsBecua HHAHBHAya.ina 
paAH>a M;j.io.aeTnHKOBa ne oh 6 nil a bos ana 3a poahto^bcko 
AonyniTen,e, nnaK 6h no npanny cnoeo6nocT Ma.ao.aeTHHKa noi- 
nyno HCTe nocjiOAHue nacTa^e. Ysmbmo h. np. KaA on ce AtiHac 



* Code civil art. 47G. : »Le iniaeur est emancipe de plein droit par 
lo mariage^'^; naui saKOH o CTapaie-LCXBy 14. 113. 



42 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CllAtt 3AK0HA 

rAero;^ onei noHOBiio h nocraBHo onaj saKOH JycraHHJaHOB', no 
KOiie eMaHUimauHJa no eaioMe npaBy Hacxyna h Kao noc^eAHi^a 
a3BeeHHX 3 b a h, a h a o c t o j a h c t a b a, ly nsBecHO ne 6r 6eao 
poAHTe^cKora Aonymxeita hhth 6ii ra saKOH TpaatHo, na inaK 
un Ta eiiaHiwiiauHJa npeMa egkom AO^HHjeM saKOHy onaKO hcto 
craja^ia, Kao h ona nyieM 6paKa, o Kojoj caA 6ani roBopacMO. 
A TO je 3a TO, niTO cy Ta 3Baaa saAodHBena h nocpeAOBana 
HHAHBHAya^iHOM sac^ypoM H aKi^HJoM OHora, KOJH ce 
ycjiOA Tora oa poAHTe^cKe B^iacTH oc^iooaija. Ha TaKaB A^K^e 
nocTanaK npaBHe cnocodnocTH aoi^hhjh 3aK0HH ne yTsqy, Aaoe 
OHH oAMax HMajy yTHi;aja na ity, KaA je ocAo6ot)eH>e oa nopo- 
AHiHe BAacTii HacTaAo caMO yc^eA HseecnHX roAMHa. G Tora ce 
AaK.'ie He MoiKe, Kao niTO uohiho opaHnycKH ayTopn qnee, y on- 
iHTB KaiiaTH, Aa ce npaBHa cnocodnocT h cnocodnocT 3a npaBHe 
nocyioBe HOJeAHHHM juuHsia A^je yneK caMo 3aK0H0M. Ona Kao niTO 
cMo BHAejiH y H3BecHH5i CjiyqajeBHMa Moate 6hth h cxeqena. 
y3MUM0 paAH joni 6oJLera odjamaeaa rope nocTaB^enora Ha- 
qe^a h. np. jeAan saKon o 6paKy h o pa3B0Ay CJpaKa. 
y KOAHKO ce TaaaB 3aK0H AOTnqe ohhx AHi^a, Koja cy y 6paKy, 
BeK THM caMMM, niTo uojiy Ty oprancKy y c t a n o b y 6paKa h3- 
MCftyje, y ko^hko A^K^e aohoch onpeAe^aje o ohhm ohhithm 
cBOJCTBHMa, HpaBHMa H Ay^HocTHMa, KOJa 3aK0H cynpy^- 
H H u II M a y u HI T e Kao t a k b n m a Aaje , y TOiiHKO TaKaB 
H<iBii 3aK0H (lAMax Ae^yje h yTHqe na cBe 6paK0Be, kojh cy Bet 
npe H>era nocTa^n h joui nocTOJe. KaA AaK^e Taj hobh saKon 
l)euHM0 yKHHc H 3a(>paHH pa3B0A 6paKa h;im Taj pa3B0A, aKO je 
AOHAe 3a()paH.eH (>mo, yBCAe ; a^n KaA 'raj hobh 3aK0H .inqna npasa 
H AyJi^HOCTH (l])aqHHX ^Hua JGAHO npeMa APyrome (Kao noKop- 
HucT, 3aiHTiiTy n t. A-) niJMOUu n APy^^nje OAPCAH, OHAa th 
H.eroBH onpeAo.vajn oAMax Baate 3a cbo (jpaKOBe, Koju nocxoje. 
A TO j(3 iii)ocTO c Tora, uito ce Taj 3aK0H dpaqHHX jiHU,a ji,o- 

' Nov. 81. cap. I. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CM^UI 3AK0IIA 43 

TH^ie caMo THMe, mTO ce caMa ycxaHOBa (ipaKa, uito ce oniiiTa 
H Bas^a caMo 3aK0H0M ^a'ra CBOJCTBa MyaiCBa h atena H3MeH.yjy. 
/I,a jm ce 6paK y oumie Moace pasBecm ajm He, to je cbojctbo, 
Kuje yiicTO E je^HHO 3aK0H upaKy ^aje, a to HHJe ^e^o m upo- 
AyKaT nojeAMHora dpa^Hora ^i^a, Myata ajm atene. ^uKAe ce 
TaKaB 3aK0H ^OTsqe 6paqHHX .iBi^a y ilmxobhm oniirriiM 3 a- 
K H e K H M cBojcTBHMa (KBa^MTeTHMa) cvnpyatHMKa, 6e3 MKaKBora 
nocpe;],OBaH)a neKora itHXOBa boahof im^HBHAyaAHor aKTa. 

TaKO HC'i'o Kiiji, jeAan saKOH yBOAn Hose yspoKe 3a pas- 
BOA 6paKa h^ih HBKe yspoKe, kojh cy ao caAa BaatH^, yKHAa, 
TaKaB 3aK0H OAMax ^mL ce npoMacH BaaiH 3a CBe 6paK0Be kojh 
nocToje. IIlTa Le y onmTe Kao y3poK pasBOAy 6paKa BaaiHTH 
iwH He, TO TaKol^e He 3aBiici[ hhth je npoHSBOA boaho paAH.e 
HHAHBHAye, Hero je to ynoK caio 3aK0HCKii onpeAOAaj, kojh ce 
caMe ycTaHOBe 6paKa TH^e. G Tora A^K^ie y Toie noMeAy cy- 
npyffiHHiyi ne Mory ce TyatHTu na aaKon, a^ oh HMa neKy ne- 
onpaBAany h npaBHO HeocHOBany noBpaTHy cH.iy, jep ce Taj 
3aK0H He THqe neKora BiiacTHTora Ae^a joAHora oa 6pa- 
qHHX iiHi^a, Koje je to .Mu,e npe Tora saKona yqann^o ; a aKO 
OA caAa Ba^e Kao y3pon^ pa3B0Ay H3BecHa Ae^a, Koja AOT^ie 
TO He 6exy, OHAa je to ocTaBAeno CAodoAHome H36opy h bojlh 
HHAHBHAye, Aa TaKBO j\,eAo yMHHH EAE He yqHHH. /['AKAB je CBa- 
KaKO cnacena lOBe^ija c^odoAa, npBO npaBo HHAHBHAye, a^ npn- 
poAy CBOJHX j\,QA?L y HanpeA MO^e snaTH. 

Aaw KaA CaBHftH' HaAasn, a^ ce oa HOBora 3aK0Ha yse- 
AeHHM yspou^Ma pa3B0Aa lo^e a^th ^laK h TaKaB yqirnaK, a^ 
ce ohh Mory hphmohhth h na n p e I) a ni h. e Bpeie, AaK.ie h Ha 
Aejia KOJa cy h p e Tora saKona yqAaena, OHAa 6h to H3BecH0 
6M.ia HOTnyHO HeocHOBana noBpaTHa CH^a 3aK0Hci:a, Koja neMa 
HHKaKBe TeopnjcKe npaBne onpaBAaHocTH. Jep ohau 6h neKa 



* System des heut. rom. Recbts, VIII. CTp. 526. — Ha xaKO hcto h R. 
S eh mid, D. Herrsch. der Gesetze nach ibr. rauml. u. zeitl. Gren- 
zen, CTp. 138. 



44 TEOPMJA O nOBPATHOJ CUAH 3AK0HA 

B jl H a Bet cBi)meHci pa^aa HH^HBHAye tgk Aonnnje HaKHa/i,Ho 
,T,o6iua APyni KapaKiep ii Apyre noc^eAime, ho uito je hhah- 
BUAya Mur.ia upii caMOJie Bpmeity le paAite anaTM, ii Ty 6e ee 
oHAa 3aK0H0AaB^y h^h cyAHJH c npaBOM Morao yiHHHTH Taj npe- 
ijoji, A'l OH j\jii\)ii y lOBe^jy ypaqyaHBOCi^! 

Ila KaKO y upHBaxHOMe upaBy, Taito hcto h y jaBHome 
Hpaijy Hanie rope uocraB.teHO naqe^o Ba;KH h niia CBora yiiHHKa. 
KpjiBimHoMe HpaBy mh cmo to Beli rope HauoMeHyiiii. Hy h y 
ApyruM A^^'-ioBHMa jaBHora npana Taito hcto BajKH to npaBHAO. 

KaA H. np. jeAaH aasoH H^MeHH har oxeata ycAone h p h- 
1M)1, (3H. a (HaTypajiJi3au,nje), OHAa TaKaB saKOH He loaEe HMaxH 
yiuuiia Ha one CTpaHu,e, kojh cy to npapotjOfte Bet 3aA0- 
uUjIh HO ycioBHiaa, kojh cy npe Tora saKona BaatHAH. A^ 
KaA <5h caA oa HeKyA H3BecH0J AP^f^BH uaAo na yM, a^ c b h m a 
CTpaHMmia, kojh ce y HSBecHO BpeMe na aeHome seiAnniTy na- 
^aae, ji,3iji,G HaTypa^uiaai^HJy, A^K^e cbojctbo noTnynHx rpatjana 
6e:i o63Hpa na H,flxoBy HajaBjteny h^ih HeHSJaBAeny BO^ty, na 
KaA f»H ce Taj 3aK0H Aou,uHJe oueT yKHHyo, OHAa 6h ce to yKH- 
Aaibe OAHocHwio oAMax h Ha CBe one cTpaHu,e, KOJHMa je npe- 
IjaiHHjHitt 3aK0H0M HpHpoljeite A^To (ny Ty ce napaBHo u3y3HMajy 
<»HH, Koju cy TO CBOJCTBO juui upe 3aK0Ha, KoJH ra oneT yKHAa, 

II J) Jl M H .1 H U y C B j H .1 H USpOIHO H3JaB0M CBOia HpHCTaHKa 

H.iii ApyrHJi KaKBHM KOHKyiyAOHTHHM aKTOBHMa u TaKo cy ra OHAa 

A<>1I,HHJ"M HHAHBllAyaylHOM aKUUJOM BOAO CBOJUHOM CBOJOM yqH- 

hhjih; jep to je cue jeAHo, m ah je neito npano tok nocxa^o 
H nacxa^o yiuoA HHAHBHAya^ne BOAHe paA&e, h^lh je oho npBO 
H3 caMora 3aK(iH,i noTeK^io, ua ra je 3a thm HHAHBHAya xeK 
AonHHJ(,M paAH.031 cBOJOM 3aA<»oH^a H ycBOJH^a^). y xoiie Aii- 
K^ie, mxo 6h ce xaKBHsi aouhhjhm saKOHoM xo HpHpol}eH)e ouex 



' To cy ca cihim AoOpo yBH^ejiH : Unger, Syst. ties oster. allg. Privatr. 

I. cTp. 140, iipuM. 51. — F. L ass all e, System der erworb. Rechte 

I. cTp. 78. 
' To LeMo UHaiu juuj O.iiUKe oojaciiuTw. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.III 3AK0IIA 45 

OyT,y3eiio, He f>ii CmAo HHKaKBe HeonpaBAane noBpaxHe CH^e, a.iH 
Ha npoTHB OHaj npBH saKOH, kojh CBSMa cipannHMa oa jeAan 
nyr ue3 H.HXOBora nn-rafta Aaje rpal)aHCTBo, CBiiKojaKO 6b. HMao 
HeoiipaBAany noBpaTHy qbaj y tomg, ihto uu na ocHOBy Heitora 
ciyqaJHora hah npnBpeMeHora 6aBJi>eH.a TOMe CBaKaKO boahomg 
airry A^'Bao xaKBy noc^eAHu,y, Kojy onaj, kojh ce 6aBH na h3- 
BecHOJ TepHTopnjiT, h H j e x t e o h n HMao h a y m y (a ochm 
Tora ce thm aothijhhm ^nunaia npoTHB H>HXOBe Boyte 0Ay3HMa rpa- 
i)aHeTB0 ftHXOBora 3aBniiaj:i), 

/l,a HanoMeneMO jom neKH npHMep h3 jaBHora npana. TaKO 
H. lip. KaA ce H3Aa hob 3aK0H o aKTHBHOMe H nacHBHOMe npaBy 
H 3 6 p a, Te ce pennio thm hobhm 3aK0H0M npaBO H36opa orpa- 
HH^aBa, OHAa neiwa cyMH.e Aa ce chocoCJhoct h npano H36opa 
oAMax THMe OAysHMa h ohhm rpaljaHHMa, kojh cy ra ji,o caAa 
HO CTapoMe 3aK0Hy nwrab h Bprnn^an. A sap to HHJe CTeqeno 
npaBO ? H3BecH0 Hiije, jep je to npocTo joAHa onmTa H3BecH0Me 
peAy rpatjancTBa A^Ta cnoco^HocT, jeAHO 3aK0H0M a^to cboj- 

CTBO, KOJe OHH HHCy HHKilKBOM B0.^H0M HHAHBHAya.lHOM aKAHjOM 
CTeE^lH H 3aA00H.'lH, Te C TOra to CBOJ'cTBO Ca 3aK0H0M CTOJH H 

ca H>HMe naAa. Aak ce THMe napaBHo HHKaKo ne Mory Bflnie yKH- 
HyTH H KaO HOBaatHH npOMaCHTH OHH Beti CBpraeHH H36opH, y 
KOJHMa cy H TH caAa 3a m6o]) necnocodHH rpaljaHs na ocHOBy 
npeVainaera saKona yqecTBOBa^iH ; to cy Beii HHAHBHAya^ziHe Bo.^ne 
paAH>e, KOJHX ce 3aK0H ne aoth^ic h Koje ocTajy y Ba^HocTH. 
OBAe teMo MHMorpoA naHOMenyTH, KaKO je h y naraeM 3a- 
KOAaBHOM Te^ay jeAHOM npn^aHKOM noKpeny^ao ce HHTaae o ho- 
BpaTHOJ HiM HenoBpaTHOJ CH^H 3aK0Ha, a to 6enie thm hoboaom, 
HiTo je HOBeAen roBop o tomc, Moate ab hoko jom h j\,u.A^e 6wtE 
ypeAHHK HOBHHa, KOJH je HCTHHa HO npel)aiuH,eM saKony Morao 
TO A'T- %Ae , a.iH KoJH npeMa HOBOMe 3aK0Hy o raTaMHH neMa 
BHme Ty ypeAHH^Ky choco6hoct, jep HOMa one ycione, hito hx 
Taj hobh saKOH Tpaatn. Mhofh cy 6bae Tora MnnLtefta h naj- 
3a A je H BeJiHHa saKonoAaBHora Te.ia to MHni;beH,e ycBOJH.ia, a^i 



46 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH4H 3AKOHA 

TaKBO ^Hii;e h fl,SijhG MO^e (Shth ype;i,HHK, ma fl,a, neia hobhm 3a- 
KOHOM TpajKene yc^oBe, n to npocTO 3a to, niTO 3aK0H HeMa 
noBpaTHe CH.ie. Ty je hobo^om Tora nojeAiHora c^yqaja 
saKOHO^aBHO Teiio ynpaBO ynycTH^o ce y Haqe^HO pemaBaite h 
TyMa^eae Tora npaBH.ia o HenoBpaTHoj ch^ih aaKoncKoj h mh Taj 
Cjiyqaj ynpaeo caMO c Tora oba© h nanoMHiteMo, ihto je Ty no- 
BGAena pe^ o Haqe.iH0Me pasyBieBaiLy h cxBaTaH>y-Tora npaBH^a 
11 iBTO Hac Mopa OAHCia sannMaTH, ji,a jm je 3aK0H0AaBH0 tbao 
II pH TOMe ocTajio Ha npaBH^HOMe npaBHOie oeAHniTy eae je c 
H.era cKpeHy^io. Mh ap^rhmo fl,a, 3aK0H0/i,aBH0 tb^o, peranBuiH to 
UHTaftB y HOMeHyTOMB CMHC^iy, HHJB CTaja^o Ha kopbkthomb 
iipaBHOM TBopHJCKOM rABAHniTy H to 6aiu npBMa ohomb onniTBM 
pyKOBOAHOM Ha^ie^y, uito cmu ra mh ropB o Toj HOBpaTflOJ h^h 
HBHOBpaTHOJ CH^iH 3aK0HCK0J HOCTaBH^H H j\,o cayi,a y HOneKHM 
npHMBpHMa odjamH.aBa.aH. Ty npe CBBra Bavba oafobophth na to 
iiHTaH.B : je .an ypBAHH^Ka cnoco6HOCT ctb^ibho npaso H./iHHe? 
ni»eMa HaiiiBM pyKOBOAHOMB MBAHHiTy H HO aHa.iorHJH OHHX npH- 
MC]ta, UITO CMO Hx HaBCiH, oHa oqeBHAHO He cnaAa y peA CTe- 
MCHHX iipana, jep 6h cb OHAa h nynoiiBTHOCT h npaBO Hsdopa 
H T. A- Mopa.ao cMaTpaTH Kao cto^bho npaso. Choco^hoct 3a 

ypBAHHKa JB TaKO HCTO HBKO OHUITB, anCTpaKTHO, CaMHM 3aK0H0M 

AaTo <-BOJCTBn, Koje HHAHBHAya HHJe CTeK.aa hh npH6aBn.ia HHKa- 

KH<iM CBojoSI HOAHOM HHAHBHAyajlHoM paAftOM, HBIO JOJ OHa HpOCTO 

iKt iJaKOHv HpHuaAa*. H caA 3aKOH0AaBau, Hal,B 3a ejsreo, Aa Ty 
H3BecHy ciiocoOhoct y hbkomb jaBHOM oninTBM HHTepecy APyK'iHJe 
oAP»-'AH H TO OHAa OAMax BaatH h 3a ohb, kojh cy a<^ c^Aa Ty 
cnocortHocT no 3aK0Hy HMa.in h iquiiiuH: ona 3a H)HX ca 3aK0H0M 
"Tojii u (-fi H.HMc iiaAa, jep ce joahho caMO na 3aK0Hy ocHHBa.aa. 
To je ca cbhm Aovmim nocaoAHua rope nocTaBjLBHora onmTer py- 
KonoAHora i'.aoAHinTa. M saHCTa, Aa ae je TOMe hsbbchom aee^j, 



H Til juicTpaKTHa, onniTa cnocofiHOCT npHnaAa cbhm a iiUAiimiAyaMa 
xe H3Becue Bpcxe h xoia pe^a, a xote ah ce OHe xom ciiocofiHonihy ko- 

pilCTHTH H;1H lie, TO je H.HXOIia CTBiip. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CKAH 3AK0HA 47 

Koje je nocTa^o ypeAHHK, HyatHo 6iiAo, Aa HapoiinTO yqHHii hgkh 

BO^bHH KHAMBHAya^HH aKT, na Aa Ty CIIOC0f)H0CT THMe TGK ctdHe 

H npHAodnje ? HflKaKO my to hhjo HyacHo (iiuo, jep Jiy je cam 
3aK0H Ty cnocodnocT Beh Aao h oho je camo Hnia^o tom ciio- 
eo6HonilLy Aa ce kophcth hjd hb. — • 

Hy ocHM OBora r^aBHor naqe^nor pas^iora, kojh m na- 
mera pyKOBOAHor TeopHJCKor MOAHniTa HCTHMe, npn OBOMe im- 
Taifcy ypeAHflTiKoj cnocooHocTH Mory Aa ce naBCAy h APyrn 
pa3A03H, no KOJHMa cy ce oa CTpane 3HaTHHX npaBHHqKiix jih- 
caii,a c^iH^HH ciiyqajeBH h iiHTaita o noBpaTHOj ch^h saKOHCKoj 
pemaBa^a OHAa, KaA joni obo HOBHJe ochobho TeopiijcKO MeAn- 
mTe Huje iiocTaBybeno 6eao. TaKo h. np. mh cmo bbL HanoMMita^ii 
KaKO CaBHftH Kawe, Aa OAMax Ae^yjy? AaK^e ynpaBO HMajy 
noBpaTHy CH^y cbh ohh 3aK0HH, kojh cy CTporo no3HTHBHe, npn- 
HyAHe npnpoAe, AaK^e ohh t. h. anco^yTHH 3aK0Hfl, kojh 
HMajy CBOJ KopeH Ban cTpore npaBne o6^acTH. A Me^y Te 3aK0He 
CTporo H03HTHBHe, H3HyAHe npnpoAe CaBHftH cam, Kao hito cmo 
BeL rope BHAe^iH, paqyna cBe one „kojh ca Mopa^/innM, hoah- 

TH^KHM H^H HapOAHO-HpHBpeAHHM y3p0U,HMa H CMepOBHMa CTOJe 

y CBe3H". HeMa cyMH.e Aa Mel^y TaKBe 3aK0He HAe h TaKan 3a- 
KOH, KOJH OApeljyje yc^one 3a ypeAHHqKy cnoco6HocT. Jep na 
KaKBOM ce CTporo npaBHOMe pa3^ory Moate ocHHBaTH onpe- 
Ae^aj TOMe, Aa caMo TaKBa h TaKBa iiHii,a Mory 6hth cnoco^na 
3a ypeAHHKe ? Ty H3BecH0 neMa HmaKBora CTporo npaBHora pa3- 
^ora, Hero Ty oqeBHAHo yTHqy caMO y3poipi Mopa^ine, ho^lhthmkb, 
y OHHiTe Kao hito Y h r e p Kaaie e t h q k e HpnpoAe, jep Ty ce 
HMa npeA oqnMa caMo Taj Mopa^HH, nojiHTHqKH-BacuHTHH cMep, 
Aa caMO ;inH,a TaKBe H3BecHe cnpeMe HMajy choco6hocth, Aa ho- 
^iHTHqKH BacHHTaBajy napOA, Aa pyKOBOAe jasno MHuiibeH.e, Aa 
o6pa3yjy h ynanpel^yjy janny CBecT h t. a- A onaMO HAe h 
OHaj pa3^or, ihto ra naBOAH Myp^oH o6jainH>aBajyJifl 3a hito 
H3BecHa 3aK0H0M AaTa choco6hoct, Aa ce Bpiun TaKaB hah ona- 
KaB Hocao H aKT, He Moaie HHKaKO 6hth CTeqeno npaBO, Koje 



48 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CII.IH 3AK0HA 

ce He Aa onosBaiH; H.eroB je peson niTO „le l^gislateur ne peut 
pas renoucer an pouvoir qui liii est coiifie d' organiser la 
society elle-meme ; or ce serait evideminent y reiioncer que 
d' accorder des facult^s qu'il ne lui serait plus permis de 
modifier ou de d^truire, alors meme qu'il en recon- 
naitrait le danger"! Ila sap saKOHOAaBau, hhjb OMeBiiAHO yBH- 
460 II a c H c T , Koja Haeiaje no APyniTBeno ho^hth^ko n 
Mopa^Ho BaciiHTaite, Ka^ ce jnunaia He;],0Bit./bHe cnpeivie ^aje 
ypeAHmKa crocoohoct h 3ap Hnje 3a to dam HSMenno yc^ioBe 
Te cnocouHocTH ? THMe He KaaROMo, j\?i saKOHOAaBau, Mopa 6ani 
yseK HoroAHTH npany Mepy, Hero xoteMo camo Aa KOHCTaHiyjeMO, 
KaKBe je pasjiore h mothbb HMao npoA oiniaa. 

Mhc^hmo Aaoe, j\ii cmo OBaKO mhmoxoaom A0Ka3a.iu, KaKO 
ca CBaKe CTpane n ma ca Kora leopHJCKora r^eAflniTa (cTapnjera 
h;ih HOBHJera) cKynniTHHCKO peraeae o ype^HnqKOJ cnocodnocTH 
yc;ieA HOBora saKona o niTaMnH HHJe 6sao TeopnjcKH ko- 
peKTHo H npaBD;iH0. Hy xa mi wm mhc^hmo h to a^ Ka^eMo, 
Aa TO CKyiiiiiTHHCKd ])onieH,e n npiiKinqHO, no3ETnBHO-3a- 
kohckh Hiije ocHOBaHo H HHJe Mor.ao y TaKBome CMHCjy a^ 
ce AOHece? To m HHKaKO ho mhcjhmo KasaTH, jep Ty Bajta 
Ao6po paa^HKOBaTH oho, rito je no caMoj Hayqnoj TeopHJH koh- 
ceKBeHTHo II npaBH^HO oa OHora, iuto je 3aK0H0AaBai; B^iacTan 
H MHMd TOopjijy Aa yqiiHii h onpeABjm. Teopnja caMa no ceon 
join Hi^Ma <i»opMajHo odaBesne cn^e h 3aK0H0AaBan, HHJe AY^iiH 
Aa ce no n,oj yiipan.i.a. Ho tomo oh nia moK, a^ noKOMe saitony 
Hspequo AaAO nospaTHy ciuy, Kojy oh no TOopHJcKoj KonceK- 
BCHUHJH HO Tpeda Aa HMa i o6paTH0. IIpeMa tomb, CKynniTHHa 
Kao aaKonoAanna B^iacT n itao HaA^eHtna 3a aBTenTflqHo TyMa- 
qen.e saiiona iKtTiiyno je f»H;ia BJiacna, Aa nHTafte o nospaT- 
Hoj HJin HOiiuBpaTHoj CH^H H3BecHora 3aK0Ha y oBaKBome hah 
oiiaKHdMe cMHcjiy iipoTyMann, ii Kano ra je ona npoTyMa^iaa, 
onaKo OHO iionnTniuKi namn. — Obo je Aaoo c name CTpane 
()]\M\ caMd uayc^iHa, reopnjcKa itpHTHKa Tora CKynniTUHCKora tv- 



TEOPH.IA O IIOBPATHOJ CH.lll MAKOHA 49 

Mci'ieiba ; a <» ciiMoj nosHTHBHo-saitoiicKoj, ouaBoandj BamnocTH 
CKyniuTBHCKe o^yKe no mojkg hhko cyMitaTii. — 

Ho niTO CMC TaKBHM na^MHOM irocraBHjiH ii iiojcahumm iipusio- 
pHMa H3()^iiace orijacinuii n yrBpAM^n name ]>yKOBO/;HO TO<ti)iijcKO 

MeAMBITO, TO keMO Cilji, npHCTynHTH TOMG, Aa Til iipoBGAeMO Kpo3 

nojeAHHG oo^acTH iipasa h j[n My OMtuaMo KOHceKBGHUHJe Ha ca- 
MOMG GMnnpiiiiKOM npaBHOMG MaTopHJajiy. 

1. CTBapHO npaBO. IUto cg iipc CBera th^g caMHX 
c T B a p H, Kao np6/i,MGTa upaBHora cao^pahaja, to ce CBaKM hobm 
3aK0H OAMax npocTHpo Ha cbg CTBapn, kojg nocToje. TaKo h. 
np. aKO HGKH HOB 3aK0H H6KG CTBapH, KOJG cy AO caAa 6iiAe y 
cao6patiajy, iipooacH h oapgah kio CTBap Ban cao6paiiaja, H3y- 
3GTG OA cao6pa{iaja (Gxtra comiiiGrcium) ; Ty OHAa onaj, kojh 
Hia AP^aBHHy na TaKBOJ CTBapn, OAMax ry^a Ty Apa^aBHHy, Ma 
Aa J6 OH H,y HaA tom CTBapjy npndaBHO npo, ho hito jg Taj 

HOBH 3aK0H HSHHiao'. To J6 C TOra, HITO CG CBOJCTBO HGKG 

CTBapn, 110 KOMG JG OHa y cao6patiajy h^h Ban caoupaKaja, ocHHBa 
JGAHHO Ha 3aK0Hy, H OHO nocTaJG H npGCTaJG ca cbum hg- 

SaBHCHO OA HHAHBHAya^HG BOjI.HG paAH>G OBOra H^H OHOra Alil\i\. 

Kao niTO cg .Mu^ia aaxoBa npaBHa choco^hoct m ciiocofjHOCT 
3a npaBHG hoc^obg OApGt^yJG h 0Ay3HMa 3aK0H0M, TaKO n CTBa- 
pHMa H.HX0Ba c n c ri h c T, j[ii Mory (>hth hpgamgt npaBHora 
cao6patiaja. Ona ca 3aK0H0M nocTajo h npGCTaJG". — Ochm Tora, 
TaKaB J6 3aK0H yBGK anco^iyTHO npnpoAO, j[i\KM y bo3ii ca h3- 

BGCHHM pGjlHril03HHM, HO^HTHiIKHM H^IH Hai>OAHO-np]IBpGAHHM CMG- 



' Las sal le, System der erworb. Eeclite, I. crp. 306. — Unger, Sys- 
tem des osterr. allg. Privatr. I. cip. 134 h 135. 

2 TaK3 ncTO, aKo ce hohiim sukohom yiame neKa pasjHKa sieljy cmapHMa, 
Koja je Ao caAa sa iipaBHe oAHomaje oa BCiiiite BaacHocTH Cihaa, to oHAa 
OAMax BaatH to yKHAaae sa cbb CTBapw xe cpcTe ii 3a CBe iipanHe OA- 
uoQiaje, Kojii ce na xe CTBapii oAHOce u kojh cy joni iioa cxapiiM saKO- 
HOM nocxaAM. TaKo h. up. KaA ce yKune paa.iiiKa M3Mel,y cTe'ieuiix 
H Hac.ie^euHx AoSapa ii x. a- 



IVIACHHK lilV. 



50 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATIIOJ CH.III 3AKOHA 

poBHMa, jep oqeBnAHO to EHTaiie, xoJie jm neEa cxBap 6hth y 
caoupatiajy eae ne, penraea ce npeia thm noMenyrnM y:3poii,HMa 
H CMepoBnMii, a miKaKO no queio npaBHiiM pa3^03iiMa. 

UIto ce THqe Apj^'iRnne n CBOJnHe, to ce naqHH npn- 
f'taB.iafta a TaKO hcto h naqHH npecTajaH,a hae ryusTEa thx npana 
ynpaBJba yBCK no oHojie saKony, noA ihjom cy B^a^oM npeTno- 
ciaBi^H HjIh y3poij,n jipH^aBAaaa h.ih rydflTKa HacTynn^n. TaKO 
H. up. aitO je HeKO no nsBecnojie saKony cBojnHy Beh npndaBHo 
(■ a M u M H e K n M y r o b o p o m o KvnoBnnH n.m noK^iony \ on^a 
Ta cBoJHHa ocTaje npiiuaBAena h y BaatnocTH , uia ce Aonnuje 
yeeo saKon, no KOMe caM yroBop 3a npn6aB.i)eH)e n npenoc cbo- 
JHHe HHJe A0B0.iaH, nero ce nniTe joni n npeAiija (TpaAHij,nja) 
CTBapn (Kao niTO n. np. Mopa /],a 6yAe no aycTpHJCKOM rpaV 
3aK0HflKy, no nameM rpaljancKOM 3aKonHKy § 285 n ^aAe). — 
A KaA HeKH HOBH 3aK0H ,T,pyKqnje onpeAe^m nannne ry6nTKa 
cBojune, on^a ce on o^Max npHMeayje n na ony CBojnny, Koja je 
join lit. cTapoMe saKony npn6aBibeHa ; y onniTe je 3a uHTafto o 
npecTRHKy h-ih rydnTKy neKora CTBapnor npaaa ea cbhm 
063 anaqeita n paBHOAyrano speie aeroBa n o c t a n k a. To je 
npBo c Tora, ihto ohu npannn yqHHu,H Bet ocnoBannx h 
nacTa^anx npaBHHX o^nomaja, kojh noA hobhm saKonoM TeK na- 
c T y II a j y n rpefJa j\n nmajy npaBHy naa^nocT, Mopajy cbrko- 
jaKo Aa ce iipecyljyjy no tomc 3aK0Hy, noA qnjOM cy B.aa- 
AOM HacTa^M h na.'ba x^i Ae^ayjy : onn ce Bet Bnme ne Mory no 
npoiujiOMe cTapoM saKony npecy^HBaTH , a aKo je cam npannn 



Ivait iiiTO TO Moaje ^a Oy.\e no TpaiiuycKOJie npaey (code civil, art. 711 
H 113«), Koje je y tomc iiaysexaK 04 ocTa^ux jenpoucKiix iipacHiix ch- 
cxeMa 6ap i.iaiimijiix mipoAa. <I'panuycKO je iipaito TpaA"HHJy Kao ociioh 
iiIiHT.aiu.aH.a ciiojiine yKimy.io, a.in iiiiaK Hnje cnoj ^systcme plus rai- 
sonnalde* KOHceKiieuTHO ao Kpaja H3Beao. B. tomb: Bruns, D. heut. 
rom. Kecht, § 35. - A uapoiHTo: Dr. Ad. Exner, D. Lehre vom 
Hechtserwerb durcli Tradition, cxp. 318 — 314. Ony cmo iipHMPAoy 

Tt'E MHMOrpOA yiHIIMJU, a MU teMO TOJ CTItapH lipiiOM lipUJHKOM y 

aiice6n(ij paciipaiiH iiporoitopiiTU. 



TEOI'H.IA O IIOIJI'ATIIOJ CH.Ul SAKOIIA 51 

o/^Homaj noA thm crapiiM sjikohom nocrno'. r)cuM Tora niiK, 
Apyra je pastor niTO ce ryuiiTaK fiBojiine iipecytjyje no saKony 
KOJH BiiaAa y tomb, iiito CBaKO CTBapiio iipaBO CBOjy caApiRUHy, 
o6hm CBora AeAOBaH.a ii t. a- upne TaKo peliH cBaKora TpeHyrKa 
H3 caMora -saKona, u no tomg ce OAMax ca thm cbojhm 
H3Bopoivi i^aJGAHO H:5MeH.yje. y TOMe je BajKna pas^inca wme\j 
c T B a p H r a iipaBa h ^ h i h o r a, Koja ce pa:uHKa mgcto h y 
MHoroMe iiooeAy nojaBAyje npn BpeiaeHOJ h^h noMecnoj ko;ih3hjh 
(cyKo6y) saKona h ciyatn Kao MaBHa noCSy^a h ochob 3a pasjinqno 
pemaBaae aoth^hex iiHTaita iipii jgahoj e Apyi'oj Bpcra BMOBHora 
npasa*. — TaKo ce hcto npaBHa sanrnrra CBojane h u.oho ocxBa- 
peae npeA cyAOM nyieM Tyatde ynpan^a no oHOMe 3aK0Hy, 
KOJM y TOMe TpenyTKy BjiaAa, ne nnTajyiiH x^i ae je to npaBO 
noA ftHie H Hocxa^o. TaKO n. np. (DpanuycKH 3aK0H 3aKpaliyje 
OHOMe, KoJH HMa CBOJHHy na n o k p e t n h m c t b a p h m a, a« Te 
CBOJe CTBapn npeA cyAOM Tpaatn nyTeM BiraAHKai^nje, n Aonyraia 
Ty BHHAHKan^jy caMo npn nenoKpeTHOJ cbojhhh ; a;iH KaA ee caA 
HerAe, Tj\,e je fl,o caAa BJ.aAao Taj $paHu,ycKH 3aK0H yseAe ay- 
CTpujcKH rpat)aHCKH 3aK0HHK, oflAa OAMax h BiiacnnK noKpeTHHX 
CTBapn Moate a^^ ce gajme odnnnoM BunAHKauHOHOM xyatdoM h 
aKO je H.eroBa CBOJHna nocTa^ia noA ohhm 3aK0H0M, tag My je 
TO saKpateno 6Hiio. 

JI\M peniaBafty o nonpaTHOJ wae HenoBpaTHOJ cm^h 3aK0Ha 
npn npH6aBiBaH,y CBOjane HMa jeAHO nHTaite, Koje npaBHOj TeopnJH 
3aAaje BeAHKe TeniKotie h oko Kora ce boaho AOCTa Ayr h bo^hkh 
cnop y Hayn,H^ a to je nHTaae o Toie, no KOMe te 3aK0Hy a^i 



• Mh 6hcmo to moTAW iiHorHM npHMepHJia noTspAHTH, am aajr HeAOCxaje 
npocTop. 

2 Unger, Syst. d. ost. allg. Privatr. I. cip. 137. iipnM. 26. 

3 B. OTOMe: Savigny. Syst. d heut. rom. R. VIII. § 391. - Scheurl, 
Beitrage zur Bearbeitung d. rom. Rechts, Bd. I. Bp. VI. — S chin id, 
D. Herrsch. d. Gesetze nacli ihr. rauml. ii. zeitl. Grenzen, cip. 122 ao 
130. — W i n d s c h e i d, Paiulekten, I. crp. 71. y upHMeA6ii. — U n g e r^ 
Syst. d. ost. allg. Privatr. I. CTp. 146-148 ii AP- 

4* 



52 TEOPH.IA O nOBPATIIOJ CI1.1I1 3AKOHA 

ce npecyl))'je npH(>:iB^aH.c cbojhho iiaciape.iomiiy. C Tora 
CMC TO riMTaibe ocTanM.o, A'*' ra ca^ na nociioTKy whao wiuAume 
pa3r^<M,aMo. Oen je TeniKoiia oBora nii'ran.a y Tome, niTO npn ycTa- 
HOim 3acTap<MncTii ,V'^a3(? TaKBe npasHe qiiiteHime n^ui saKia, 
Koja Mopajy Kpo3 j[ym.e BpeMe a^ ^e npoTerey b ^a I'pajy, na 
Aa noByKy 3a coChm HSBecne npaBHe yiHHKe h noc;ieAHi^e, h OTy^a 
OHAa Haciaje to reniKo h cnopno nniaH^e, mia Jie x*^ Bamn, Ka^ 
cy ce Ta $aKTa ji,()YO,ii,BAii h Tpaja^a 04 qecTPi noA crapHM saito- 
HOM a OA qecTii noA B^iaAOM HOBora 3aK0Ha ? TaKO h. np. Bpesie 
3a("rape;iocTH iioMe^o je TefcH, 11 y caioMe tom leqajy Em^e hob 
saKOH, Kojii TO Bpesie npoAy^yje n^n CKpatiyje. Ty 11 pe CBera 
Baifca TO HMaTH Ha ysiy, A'^ AOK Bpene 3afTape;iocTH HHJe ca cbum 
HCTeK^o H cBpniOHo, AOT^e join ne Mome 6hth roBopa TOMe, 
Aa je HeKO npaBo iwn HeKO oModoijeae oa nsBecne odsese CTe- 
Ti e H 0. To je X'^KAG TeK n p h n p e m a 3a npndaBJbaite 11 cth- 
UaH.e HeKOra iipaBa, A'iK-ie Ty caMo TeK iioctojh o^eKHBaite 
(attHnte, expeotative), Aa lie ce to npaBO cTeliH. A TaKa npo- 
CTa, join HeHcnyH,eHa oqeiiUBaita saKon ne saniTHtiyje*, jep to 
ce oqcBHAHO ne Mory join CTeMennM npaBmia Ha3B:iTM. G Tora 
Aaiijie, K.aA ueKH hob sanoH TpaaKH Heice APyre aaxTene (pe- 
icBn3HTe) npa aacTape^ocTH h^ih neKO Ay^e BpeMe, oHAa ce th 
yc^iOBH oAMax Mopjijy ncnyeiiTH h npn OHoj 3a(rrapejiocTH, KOJa 
je join noA cTajinM 3aK0H0M nonii^a Tehn. npesia Tome ce OHAa 
npeiwe T(^ 3acTape.iocTii noqnH.e TeK payyHaTH oa noBora saKona, 
KaA "I'.aj HoBe 3axTeBe Tpaatii', kojh no CTapoMB 3aK0Hy HHcy 
oHAH noTpeijUH. TaKd iicto. aKo hob 3aK0H neny CTBap mah Heito 
iipaBo oApoAH Kao TaKBO, Koje ce sacTapeAonity ne Moate iipH- 
daiiHTH luii lie Moace 3acTapHTH, oHAa oAiwax npecTaje sarra- 



' H. o TOMe Mcl,y ocTa.iiiMa: Mourlon Ropet. ecr. snr 1. prem. exam. 
tie Cotle Napoleon I. ctii. AS. 

Oho iipcMe, iiito je no cxapoMe saKoiiy Oea xiix aaxxena irpoxeK.io, He 
Moate ce yiia-ijiiaxii, oiio je iipocxo yaa.iyA iipoxeK.io ii iipoiia.io. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK01I.\ o3 

pejiocT, Koja je uo crapoMe saitouy uTuoie-ia ii jioryiia dnjia. 
y CBGMy TOMe join neMa TaKo BC^iiKe 'reiiiKotiu. 

Ajia jo TeiiiKuiia n\m iipoMeiiii y Bpeiiciiy, icoj(3 Tpeija 
3a sacrapo^iocT. To BpeMe hob :mi;oH Mo^e fl,ii iipo/\yjfiii m;ih 
Aa cKpaTH, cMaifcH. Ako ce hobhsi 3aK0H0M im 3acTap(3Jio<'T 
o/^pe/l,H Ay ate BpeMe, ho ihto jo uo crapome saKony ohao, hmi 
Kpahe, 0H,i,a ce lory 3a5iiiCjiuTH Tpii Haynna poiiioiha, ii to: 

a). K^H Lo ce AOHycTHTii, ,\ii cc cne BeL hoa npel^aiiiiLHM 
3aK0H0M OTuoqeie sacrapeAOCTii uo upaBUjiuMa Tora ncTor saiioHa 
u uaBpnie, jxanAe ^xa ce one cne upecyi^yjy upocro no upclja- 
maein saKony ; 

6). Kae tie ce na upoTUB TpeHyraK, itaA ce Bpeivie sacrape- 
AOCTH HaBpmyje, ciiaTpaTU Kao MoieuaT, kojh jcahuo peinaBa 
TOMe, uo KOMe he ce saKOuy to upecyijUBaTU, Te Le ce OHAa 
CBe BaexapejiocTH , Koje cy joui y Teiajy, cyAUTU ca cbum no 
HOBOMe 3aK0Hy; 

b). Kae ce najsaA Moaie yaoTH y ooaup , a* ce npuBHa 
<i»aETa, Koja 3a 3acTape^ocT Tpe(>njy, npocTnpy ua j\yx.{i BpeMc, 
H uo TOMe ce ona Mory y CBaKoie OAe^Ky Bpeiena npeeyt)H- 
BaTH uo oHOMe saKouy, kojh TaAa 6aui BajKu, x<^\iAe oa qec/ru 
uo cTapoie, oa mocth no AOUUHJeM, hobomo. 

BetuHa HOBUjux upaBUHKa iiae ce upuKiiaHjajia npBoMe na- 
MHHy cxBaTau>a h pemen^a h^h ApyroMe, uau je noKyinana^a j\ii 
o6a Ta HaqHua caoikh h cucyu jeAau c APyruM. A^h seti Buine 
uyTa uaBeAeuH uoBUJu upaBun uncau, IHmha, kojh je OBy Ma- 
Tepujy y sace^Hoj kH)H3h paspaAHO, na^iasH Aa je 6am onaj TpekH 
uannu cxnaTaaa u pemefta jeAuno onpaBAan, 

KaA ce Bpeie 3acTapaiocTH hobum 3aKoHoM npi'Ay^yj'^j 
ouAa cy odnquo ca Be^HKOM cyMacuomty npaBHHU,H Ha.aa3H;iH, 
Aa ce TO npoAyJKeHo Bpewe Mopa paqynaTH oa TpenyTKa ot- 
uoqeTe ApiaaBune joni uoa cTapuM 3aKi hom, AaK^e a^' to BpcMe 
noA CTapHM 3aK0H0M HHJe ysajiyA npom.'io. KaA hokh sauono- 
AaBau CTBap Taico onpcAOAH, oHAa My cc ne moiko saMcpuTU, 



54 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ ClUH 3AK0HA 

mio je XTCu XA ycraHOBH trko npocx n a-ik Haqnn pemeaa thx 
TeopHJCKflX TeinKota iipesia upaKTitqHoj iipaBHoj noTpeda. A^h 
KaA ce nHTa, KaKO Bi^a cyAnja ciBap a^ pemn, Ka^ o tomg 
H3peqfle saK iHcKe Hopjie neMa, OH^a ce niiaK Mopa Kaaa-m, jX^i 
Taj TaKo npocT h iipjiKTHqaH HaqHH pemeaa Hirje npeMa xeo- 
pujcKOMe MeAHinTj npaBu^iaH h Ao6ap, npe CBera Befc c Tora, 
mio 6a ce THMe npn3Havio Haqe.io, Koje 6h ce y cbojhm H3Be- 
CHHM Aa.inM KOHceKBeHiuij;iMa nnaK Mopa^o onex OAuaipTH. KaA 
ce OTyAa iioAxm, xi ce npn npoAy/Keay BpeaieHa sacTapeAOCTH 
oHaj join noA npel^amifcHM saEonoM Beii npoieK^H OAeiBaK xora 
BpeMCHa Mopa oHaKo itcto paqynaTH, Kao Aa je HcreKao iiocj.e 
uOHapitAdBaifca noBora saKona, oHAa da ce to npaBHAO ca cbhm 
AocjieAHO Mopajio iipnsHaTH h oHAa, KaA ce hobhm saKonoM Bpeie 
3acTapejioCTU CKpakyje, a to 6s. y MHorHM c^yqajeBiiJia ao- 
bCjIo oqeBHAHo ao ca cbhm HenpaBaqnax a uecMHCjieHax koh- 
ceKBeauHJa. TaKo 6u ce h. np., aKo je hobhm saKOHOM ipaAece- 
ToroAHoitta 3acTape;iocT npeTBOpena y AeceToroAHinH>y, Mopajio 
y3eTn, Aa je onaj 3acTape^oeT BeL noTiiyno HaBpuiHO, kojh je 
CTBap join iiOA CTapuM 3aK0H0M BHiue OA A^coT roAHHa y pyKaMa 
HMao, a THMe 6a ce ohomo, kojh tom sacxape^ondiy CBOje apaBO 
ryuu, OA jeAaH uyx npeceKao CBaKH naqne a ayT, a* cBoje 
iipaBo caqyaa H Tpaain, h aKO je oh c npaBOM Hpexno- 
c T a B A a (» H p a q y H a , Aa oh jora npHAHqno Ayr poK HMa 
Hp(U coooM 3a qyBaH,e a TpaateiLe CBora npaBa. 

Ty HoupaBaqHOCT neKH npaBHHH,H XTeAome Aa OTK^ioHe a 
Aa HCHpaBe THie, iuto cy nocTaBa^iH naqe^io, Aa asMena y Bpe- 
MeHy 3acTapejiuCTH KaA aAB y KopacT oHOMe, Koja aacTape^o- 
HiJiy iipHfJaBAa (AaKJie KaA ce CMaayje), He Tpe6a HHKaKO H^eMy 
Aa KdpHCTH, a Ha npoTjiB KaA 'i'a a3MeHa HAe y KopacT oHOMe, 
Koju 3acTape.ioin}iy Ty6a {/[maq KaA ce npoAyaiyje), OHAa osaj 
Aa ce mmh;-! thmo KopacTHTii, H HO TOMB y HpBOMB c^iyqajy Aa 
CO yBCK iipuMeH.yje cxapa 3aK0H, a y APyroMe hobh. HeMa cy- 
MHwi, Aa ce iijiH TaKBdMo peiueity 3a o6a c^iyqaja ca cbhm ne- 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ ClUM 3AKOHA 55 

AOCiieAHo nocTciB.'bajy ,\m paaiia Haqe^a; to ce xtmo oiipuB^aTii 
THMG, uiTo ce HaBO^H^o, ^a OHaj lioju 3acTape^oiiiLy npiiCJaBAa, 
TGK no HcreKy epeMGHa aacrape^ocTH AO()HJa nseecHo npano, 
AOK Metjj THM OHaj, KOJH sacTape^omliy ry6n, oa cajiora no- 
qexKa Bet HMa rgko creqeHO npaBo, Koje oh npejia OHosie Apy- 
roM Moate xyaidoM Aa oiyea n a-*^ ocTBapn'. Hy aito jo y TOMe, 
niTO OHaj KOJH ryoH HMa BeL hcko npaeo, AOBOJban pa^Aor h 
ocHOB, Aa ce hobh 3aK0H na H>eroBy uiTOTy, A^K^e npoTMB H>era 
HO npHMeH>yje, OHAa ce ne MoaKO yBHAeiii, :3a nrro h laiKo my 
ce y onniTe sacTape^omty loate neniTo oa Tora H.eroBa npasa 
OKPH.HTH H oAyaeTH ; aKo je to momo a^i ^JAG no CTapoaie sa- 
KoHy, OHAa TO Mopa Moryhno 6hth h ho HOBuMe saKony, h c 
Tora ce xaeaq ne Moate pasyMern, KaKO ce y tomg OAHomajy 
Mo^e TpaaiHTH ochob h onpaBAaae 3a HCKihyqHBy npHMony CTa- 
pora saKOHa. Ocmm Tora naK Moate ce npoTHB Te HCKAyqHBe 
npHiene CTapora 3aii:oHa c aobo.lhhm pa3J.oroM ephmothth, fl,s 
611 ce thmo TOMe CTapoM saKony 0Apaia.ia BamHOCT h 3a TaKBe 
npaBHe TiHH)eHHu,e, Koje ce tok uoa hobhm saKOHOM saspniyjy h 
3a qnje je npecyl)HBaH>e saKOHOAaBan. uam ynpaBO HOCTaBHO HOBa 
npaBH^a, KOJHMa ce cTapa 3aK0H H3MeH>yje h yKHA;^- 

Ose TeiHKotie nem npaBHHi^H"^ xTOAouie An H36erHy THMe, 
niTO iipHoaBjiaqy uyTGM aacTape^iocTii ocTaB.Lajy upaBO h3- 
60 pa, A'l -iH xote x<^ ce hosobo na cTajin saKOH, jXUKAe na 
Ayate Bpeiie, hah Le a^ ce kophcth hobum aaKonoM, A^K^ie Kpa- 
kiM BpoMGHOM ; aiiH y obomg ApyroM c^ynajy to Kpate BpcMe 
iioqiiae ^a My ce paqyHa tck oa TpoHyTKa, KaA je hobh 3aK0H 
iioyeo Aft BaaiH, j\miaq My oho BpeMe, hito je hoa CTapuM 3aK0- 



^ TaKO TO onpaiiAiiBa h. up. M u li 1 e ii b r u c h, Pamlekteii 1. § 51 iipiiM. 1! - 
2 Kao H. np. jom cxapuja micaii, Weber, Uber die Kiickauweudung 
positiver Gesetze, cip. 147 a Aa.'i.e. — Ochji H.eia m: Saviguy, Sys- 
tem d. heut. r. R. VIII. crp. 481. — Scbeurl, Beitrage cip. 144. - 
Unger, Syst d. ost. allg. Privatr. I. crp. 147. — Windscbrid, 
Pandekteii, I. crp, 71. iipnM. 1; a.in ne oaiu ca cuiisi HCK.ty'iui.o no 
ycAOCHo. 



56 TEOPHJA O IIOBl'ATHOJ CM-IH 3AK0HA 

HOM npoxei^^o, iipoiuua. OeaKBO pemeite th up.iBHHun ocHHBajy 
Ha oBHM pii:wo:^im;i : npHoaB;i.aq Moato ^a Hsdepe crapii 3aK0H 
lilt TOMe, niTo HoBH 3aK0H, KoJH BpeMG sacTJipeiiocTH cKpaKyje, 
ii3BecH0 HHJe HMao HaMepy, ;;a THMe npHoaBjtaqeBOM npoTHBHHKy 
yqwHH o^aKiiiHuy ii ^a^e 60AH ycnex, ho iuto ra je no cra- 
poMe 3aK0Hy HMao, a ochm Tora hobh 3aK0H caMo y tomb CMuc^y 
caApJKii neniTo hobo, hito CMaipa KpatiH poK Kao AOBOAaH : oh 
AaK.ie caMo nenipa, oApa^e n t p e 6 y Ay^era BpeMena, a;iH 
He Kaate, ^a h Ayate BpeMe ne Mome 6hth aoboaho, le npoiis- 
BecTH HCTU iipaBHH yqHHaK* ; a H36op HOBora saKona Mopa ce 
AonycTHTii iipuoaBjbaiiy c Tora, hito oh hg Moaie HMiiTH MaH>e 

UpaBO, HO (tHilj KOJH CaA TeK HOA HOBHM 3aK0H0M OTHOMHfte 3a- 
CTtlpGwlOCT. 

HeMa cyMH.e, Aa ce obhm upaBOM Hsoopa, ihto ce HpH()a- 
BAaqy yeryna, npH^aqno yKj.aH.ajy nesroAO m HenpaBaqHoeTH, 

IH'IM OH ua UCKAyilMBOM HpMMeHOM CaMO CTapora HJH caMo HO- 

Bur liiiKoHa Mopayie oHTH CKouiane y M3BecHHM c^iyqajeBMMa ; ajin 
Aa (m HpaBHo ocHOBan 6ho laKaB H36op, CBaKojaKO ce npeTHo- 
craBJba, Aa ce npHMena o6a 3aK0Ha najeAHaKO npa npecyt)HBaH>y 
3an'apejocTH, icoja je joiu y 'leqajy, Moate naqe^Ho onpaBAaTH, 
a TO 110 HainoM MHiHjLeH,y oani Mopa. Aa ce ocHopn. C'rapn je 
3ai;oH HnBHM saitoHoM 3aMeH>eH H yKHHyi, H He Moate Bnme x^i 
('Ayifitt Kail HopMa npa npaBHOjie npecyl)HBaH.y ohhx MHH>eHHua, 
Koje cy TeK hoa hobhm 3aKOHo!\i HacTynn^e; a to je cnaKO- 
jaKo (lap y neKo^HKO c^yqaj koa ohhx qHH)eHHu,a, Koje ycjio- 
BjT.;iBajy iipHoaBAafte CBoJHne ^acTapeAOiuhy, Koja ce TeK hoa 
HuHiiM luiKoHoM AoBpiHyjo. Il3 Tora yspoKa MH He MoateMO A^ 
iipH:jHaM(» oHjiaBAaHocT Tora, Aa ce HpH()aBJ,aqy ocTaBH na BOAy 
Aa ce BpaJia Ha cTapn 3aK0H, Kao ihto xohe Beoep, CaBHH.H h 
oc.TiMH H.ineAtniji iiiKUH. Ky TaKO hcto mh mhcjIumo, Aa ne Moate 
Aa CO oiijt.iisAa hh iiaqiiii, KaKo ohh xohe Aa orpannqe npHMeny 



' To jc iioceOHite yarepoii pasjor. 



TEOPHJA O IIOBl'ATHOJ ('H.IM 3AKOHA 57 

HOBora saKOHci. HcTHiia, ji,ii hobm 3aitoii MoiKo caMo 04 BpcMena 
CBora o()Ha[)(vi.(»Biiii,a uMaTH saicoiicKy ciMy; a^n m Tora HUKaKo 
He mAivm, /i.a upu iipnuaBAaiby iiyroM :iac/rapeAucTM Mopajy one 
qiiH,eHMij,e, Koje cy iberoBome o6Hapivi,oBaH>y upe-rxo/^oe, ca cbhm 
Aa oTnaAHy h a^i <^e iiHFtaKo no y:iJiMajy y o63np, h A!' AJiK^e 
pa^yHaifce BpemeHa 3acTapoAocTM mo[»;i tok fl,A OTiioqno u,i, onora 
TpenyTKa, Ka^ je hubh 3aKi)H crynno y aiHBOT. /J,p?K;iBHna, lioja 
3a 3acTapeAoGT Tpeoa, oTiioqe^a jo j )iii iioa crapuM 3aKijHuM 11 
noA H>HM je HeKo Bpeiae Tpaja^ia; -ra iipaBHa qniteHima, Koja npn- 
uaAa npouiAocTH, He Moaie ce noTHHa uo HOBOMe 3aK0Hy iipecy- 
t)HBaTH, a^H TMie He moko outh yjeAHu h yKMHyro uoao upaBHo 
3HaqeH>e, uito ra je ona uo crapoM 3aK()Hy Maia^a, m uo tumc 
ce OHO Mopa CBaKujaito y3UMaTH y pauyu h o63Hp u j[pu 3aBp- 
luoTKy sacrape^ocTH, kojh uoa hobum saKOHOM 6uBa. 

Upeia CBeMy oBoie hito cmo A"' t^i'AJi Kasa^iu, mh aP^khmo 
Aa je upH oBOMe iiuTaH>y upuMeuu jeAuora H^m APyror sa- 
Koua upu upn6aB.i.aH.y cbojmho 3acTape^oiutiy joahho ocHOBaH 
oHaj upHHu,Hu, lUTo cy ra Bet u APyi'H upaBHHuu' Kao jeAUUo 
oupaBAau y OBOMe uHTaay upHsnajiH. IIo iuto npu upM6aB;i;jH>y 
3acTapeAomiiy AO^Jise TaKBe qHH.eHuu,e, itoje ce ue cBpniyjy y 
JBAHOMe TpenyxKy, Hero ce npocrnpy ua fl,ym,i Bpeie, KOJe iiaAa 
HOA B^aAy ABa pas^uqua 3aK0Ha, to ouAa ca cbum jiomiKH Mopajy 
06a 3aK0Ha Aa ce upHieHe upu upaBHOMO npeeyt}HBaH,y thx qn- 
H)eHHU,a H TO CTapu 3aK0H 3a BpeMe upe odnapoAOBafta HOBora 
saKOHa, a onaj oneT 3a Aa^te speie ao 3aBpnieTKa 3acTapeA0CTH. 
IIpeMa TOMe ce, hito ce THqe Tpajaaa 3acTape^ocTH, Mopa 
ycBojuTU HeKo epa3MepHo h^h nponopi^Houa^HO cpaqy- 
HaBaH>e Tora BpeieHa"'' ; TaKo h. np. aKo je j\,o caAa npoTeK^a 



' Kao u. up. Vangerow, Pandekten, § 20. y iipim. - Y ueKOAHico ii 
Winds die id, Pandekten, I. crp. 71. iipuM. I. ua Kpajy. — R. Scliniid, 
D. Ilensch. 

2 R. Sell mid, D. Herrscli der Ges. nacli ilir. raiiml. u zeitl. Gren- 
zen, CTp. 128 m 129. — Windscheid, Pandekten, I. 71. npHii. 1. 



58 TEOPUJA O nOBPATHOJ ClI-llI 3AK0HA 

'rpeliiiHa am uuaobhhii Tura BpoMeHa, itaKO je oho no cxapoMe 
3aK0Hy OApeljeHO oh^o, oH^a ce Mopa yseTH a^ je 'ra TpetiHHa 
h;iu no^oBima ncnyiteHa a 3a Aa^e npeie saciapeAOCTH, Koje 
noA HOBHM 3aK0HoJi Aa^e leie. Ako je AaK^e TpflAeceToroA0inH.a 
3acTapeAicT hobhm saKOHOM npeTBopena y AeeeToroAinnifcy, a 
npH6aB.i.aq je Bet noA crapiiM saKOHOM noAOBHHy sacTape^iocTH 
iiaBi)nnio (AaK^e 15 roAHHa), oHAa My ce -ra no^OBima ypa- 
lynaBa n noA hobhm saKOHOM , a^H pa3yMe ce c p a 3 m e p h o 
CBCAeHa Ha Mepn^io HOBora saKOHa, AaK^e OHAa ce 
y3HMa Aa je oh Kpo3 nei roAHHa (jep je to no^OBHHa HOBora 
TpajaH,a 3acTape^oc'm) AP^ao cTBap h Aa Tpe6a Aa je aP'KH 
joiu HOT roAHHa, na Aa je no HOBOMe saKony saciapeiioratiy npH- 
6aBH. IIIto to cpayyHiiBaH>e y hohokhm c^yqajesHMa, lAe neAe^e 
H AanH cToje y HHTaay, Moate Aa 6yAe Ma^o Te^Ke h san^eTe- 
HHJe, TO HapaBHo Hiije HHKaKO AOBO^an ochob, Aa ce oho oa- 
CauH, KaA je HHaqe naqe^Ho onpaBAano. 

/l,a ce HCTH npuHiyni lopa AonycTHTH h npHMeniiTH TaKo 
HCTO M OHAa, KaA J6 hobhm saKoHOM BpeMe 3acTape^ocTH ne cKpa- 
LeHo HO npoAy^eHo, to je ca cbhm jacHO h ho TOMe te h 
y TaKBiiMe c^iyiajy 6hth ca cbhm na MecTy TaKB) hcto nponop- 
HiioHa^iH I ypaqyHiiBaH,c iiiiel)aniH.era BpeMOHa AP^KaBBHe, jep to 
HiuTe yHyTpaiiin.a KOHceKBeHu,HJa ii,e^ora OBor naqe.iHor Te:)pHJ- 
cKor cxBaTaii.a, ne MOAajytiH na to, iuto h caMa upaKXHiKa 
uoTpeoa Moate to hcto 3axTeBaTH. — 

(Jiiu <iB(» iiiT.> cMo Ao caAa Ka3a;iu o cbojhhh, BaatK y hot- 
iiyiic iicTdMe cMHc^iy h o c^yaK^enocTHMa m o sajioai- 
11 ('M(! iipauy Kao CTBapuHM npjiBHMa. 

Hy Hiiait upH 3 a ^ o at h o m e u p a b y Mopa Aa ce y quHM 
Hf'Ka pa3;iHKa, h to napoMHTo y OBa ABa c^iyqaja: a.) HHTaH>a 
«» 11 jt iiua H.i.a II. y sa^ioatHora npana iipecy\)yje h ynpaB^ta ce 
yaoK ii<» iiiioMe saitony, kojh je y npoMe iteroBora uocTaHKa h 
iil)H()aiu.!ii!.a Baatiio, hcto Kao h npH cbojhhh. KaA jc Aaiwio 
11. 11 1>. :»a M3Hociiy TpaaidHiiy hoa BJiaAOM CTapora saKona Ba- 



TEOPUJA O IIOBPATIIOJ CH.IM 3AKOHA 59 

^H^;i H Beh iipHdaBjteHa saKOHUTa sa^iora, oH^a una ocraju y 
liaaiHocTH, II aito je hob saKOH, 3a ly TiiajKuiiHy, to aaKouiiTo 
saAuiKHO npaBo yKHHyo. A;iu Apyra je cTBap aKo je 6.) yqiiiteHa 
3aK0H0;],aBHa H3MeHa caMoj CHCTeMH sa^ioaaHora npaBa; 
'ry ee hobh saKOH oAMax npHMeityje u na ona sa^ioatHa npasa, 
Koja Bell nocToje. Ako AaK^e hob saEOH h. np. npH3Haje caMo 
cueipjayine XHiioieKe, a ne h Ijenepa^iHe, 0H,T.a oBe tjenepajiHe 
OAMax Rpecrajy ; aKO Ha iioKpernHM CTBapnaia upaanaje casio 
pyqny savory, OH^a xiiuoTeKa na TaKBHM, h aKO je npe Tora 
3aK0Ha npndaB.LeHa, He Mo^e BHme oiicraTH. Ila to hcto BaatH 
H KaA ce 3a Ba^HocT H3Becfle xnnoTeKe Tpaatn, ^a ce ona yBe^e 
y jaBHe daniTHHCKe Kanre, on^a 6e3 Tora miKRKBa xHuoTeKa ne 
Moaie BHnie oncTaTH, jep ABe cynpoTHe, pa3.iiiqHe CHCTeJie y 
je^Hoj HCToj ycTanoBH ne Mory je^Ha y3 APyry nanopeAO no- 
CTOJai'H. To ce noTiiyHo ocHHBa Ha nauieM ropn^eM pyKOBOAHOMe 
MeAHDiTy, no Rome hob 3aK0H oAMax Ae^yje na HSBecne Bet 
ocHOBane npaBHe OAHomaje oHAa, KaA Taj saKon caMy neKy 
y c T a H B y k a o t a k b y y u,ejiHHH h^h y dHTHoue aeHOM o6- 
jiHKy H3MeH>yje. Ca H3MeH0M cHCTeme sslao^eota iipana o^eBiiAHO 
ce H3MeH>yjy cajia ycTanoBa. 

2. 6 A H r a u, H H (t p a at 6 e h o) h p a b o. ^mna, ce Be- 
tiHHOM OA CTpane npaBBHiKHX nacaua nocTaB.i.a upa o6iiHrai^H- 
OHHM OAHomaJHMa TO npaBH.io, j],a, CBe o6iiiirau^je, Koje Horaqy 
H3 yroBopa h;ih h3 OAHoniaja naiiiiK na yroBope, BajLa y 
MaTepHJa^iHOM* noMeAy Aa ce npecyljyjy yneK h y CBaKOMe cjy- 
qajy HO saKOHy oHora BpemeHa, KaA cy nocTajie. X^kaq no 3a- 
KOHy Tora BpeMena HJia a^i ce peuiaBa o upaBHOj BasKHOCTB, o 
CTynH>y ii Ha^mny npaBHora Ae^oBaaa nsBecne o6.inraii,HJe, Kao 
H fte-HHM npaBHHM noc;ieAHu,aMa. C Tora ce A'^KJie HHTaae o 
MoryliHocTH oii03HBaH)a iioKiioHa, yqHHKy ooMano, npenape h 
npHHyAe npn od^inrau^jaMa, o odnMy npaBHora cpeACTBa paAH 



' UIto ce Tiiie uaxaiba o oopii a jIHU Ji saxxeiuiMa iipii oOamauMjaMa, o 
TOMe hejio uiiHie rouopuTii. 



60 TEOPMJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^IH 3AKOHA 

omTeLeiha npeKo no^oBHHe (laesio enormis), o nac^el^HBaifcy yro- 
Bopa, yiiiiHKy HCKora ^oMeTHyrora yc^OBa, o crynity KpHBUi^e 
3a Kojy cc Mopa oAi'"BapaTH H t. j\., csa ce Ta niiTUHia Mopajy 
peiuaBaiii ii > aaicony oHora BpeMena, Ka^ jo yroBop saK^yqeH. 
Ulra Biimo, uu h(ibh ii puxiiuuTiiBHU (anco^iyTHii, „3a6paH)y- 
jyliH") aaiiOHH lie Mury hsmghhth iipaBHc yTjHHKe upe Tora 3a- 
KAyqcHiix yiMBopa. IXpema tomg j\'d,KAe h. up. aKO wM\)e hob 
3aicuH, Kojii (v;peljyje Be^HqMny m HaJBHiny Mepy iiHTcpeca, Koja 
MoHce yruB(»poM /^a ce ycraHOBH, a y neKome je iipeViniifceM yro- 
B(ii>y iipeMa cTapuMC saKoHOAaBCTBy yroBopen BeliH iiHTepec, 
oHAa ce Taj hcth HHTepec jom h no^ hobhm saKOHuM x<^Jbe lopa 
iF^ahaTH, ,\o\iA(i ruA -rpaje yroBop. Taitu ^aK^e pcmaBa BeLHHa 
iipaBi.HyKiix iiiicaij.a'. 

Ila iiiiaK TO pcuiOH,e HMJe ocHOBaHO hm oiipaBAaHO, h mh 
KeMo TO oB.^0 Ma^io oiimapHHJe AOA^PHyTH, jep upBo, HMaMo ca 
BGJiiKJiM iipaBHiiqKHM ayTopHTeiMJia uocjia, a Apyro, roBopeiiM o 

TOitfO, MH liC.MO HMaTH HpH^HKe X^ M Hauie ropH>0 pyKOBOAHO Ha- 

qe^o jom H36.iHaie oojacnuMO h H^eroBy CiiApaKHHy na cpeAy h3- 
HeceMo, a ao Tora uam je y oboj ne^oj pacnpaBH MHoro BHiue 
cTa^o, HO Ail uam peAoM npeljeMo cBe nojeAnne eMnapHiKe 
iipaBHo c.iyqajeBO, Koje h oHaKO He mo^kcmo sci^pncTH y orpa- 
HM'ienoMc npocTopy onaKBe HojeAHHe paciipaBo. /l,a ohcmo bh- 
Ae^iu, KaKO je UitrpeuiHo oho Muiu.'i,eH>e, ji,ii hobh hpoxhomthbhh 
3aK0HH He Ae^yjy na yroBope, kojm cy Bet npe Tora 3aKibyq3HH, 

ll.l.Ml HUM MllAy- W.i Ail-l'O 3aXBaTiITH, Te AOAHpHyTH HOKe TaKO 

p(3l]H e.ieJieHTapHo n panne hcthho. 

Upe cBora .mo/KO UHAHBHAya cbojum bo.lhom paAH,o>i, Joaho- 
cTpaHiiM \iAii AB (('TpiiHHM yi'oBopoM, o6e36eAUTH ce6H wAii Apyrojie 
HritoMe jHuy H3BecHa iipaBa caMO OHAa, aito h y Ko^Hito to 

' Ka<» II. lip. l»ucbta, ruiulektcn, § 111. iipn. e. — Savigny, Syst. 
•I. Iicut, roiii. R. VIII. cTi). 437. — Vangerow, Paudekteur. I. cxp. 
<iH. — I'li^'cr, Syst (1. iJsterr. allg. Trivatri'dits 1 cxp. 137 ii 138 

H T. A. 



TEOPH.IA O IIOBPATIIO.I CH.Ul 3AK()1I.\ 61 

,\ n II y III T ;i j y ;} a k o ii H, it o j ii no c t o j c ii b ii h; e. MftJKc cc 

HCKO 3<lMy/l,lITH , IIITO MH OB/^G y HayiHOJ lUirilpaBM JIOMHlLOMd 

oBJiKo eyieMGHTapiio H (Miopo no ce()H Bell payyM.wiBo iipaBii.iu. 
ILi Miiait jo caaio iipeBii]j:iif.e Tora laKo e.'ieM(3HTa[)Hora iipaBii.ia 
M CBHJy aeroBiix KOHceKBeimiija yspoK h HSBop KUMitHM neopo- 
JGHMM ToiuKotaMa, BiTo cy i[paBHHi],ji caiWH ce6H CTBapa.aH, a, xaKo 
HCTo M3Bop o^NaHaMa IT iiorpeiuHiiM ('XBa:raH3HMa, y Koja cy yiia- 
fl, UH, TpyAefiM CH Aa paspeme h yK^ioHe 're Teiimolie. 

y TOMB noMeHyTOM oiiniTeM npaBn^y Beti ce caApjRH ii td 
Aa.^e iipaBH^o : /i,a HH/i,iiBH/i,ya Mome cefin h APyrama caiio y 
T ii H K H c a M /], T ^ G H e K a II p a B a 0<)e36eAHTH, y ko^hko 
H /i,ooe CBar^ainifcii „iiocTojeliH" aaKOHH 17 HSBeeny iipaBHy ca- 
/i,p?K.HHy CMaipajy Kao AonynxTeny y Morytiny. ApY^hm 
pemwa : mh Ty Beh HaiaMo npeA co6om yHyrpamibH aote^ke ochob, 
pa/i,H Kora 11 p x h 6 k t h b h h ii ^ h n p m h y a h h 3 a k h h' oa- 
Max pasopHO A6^yjy Ha npe!)aiiiH.e yroBope, h cha Han je 
3aAaTaK, A'I noKajKeMo ocHOBanocT h oiipaBAaHocr Tora neno- 
cpeAHora Ae^iOBaita, iteroBe rpaHHii,e, Koje y caMOMe noJMy aq'jKQ 
H iteroBy cyMacHocr ca HamoM ropifcOM 'reopHJoM hhahbh- 
Aya^Hoj c;io()OAH boag. 

Ta onpaBAaHOCT, KOJa a^k^g HHKaKo He Bpet^a iiojam npasne 
c^ioOoAe BO^e, Beli ce OAMax A0Ka3yje obom iiocraBKOM, Kojy LeMo 
oAMax 6^n?Ke ocHOBaTii, a Ta je : ah ysa cBaKH yroBop Ba^ba Beh 
A a ce 3aMMC^H Ta iipeliyTHa K^ay^y^a, Aii oho y 
TOMe yroBopy sa ce hjih 3a APyi'oi''^ ycTanoBAeHo npaBo Ba^a 
Aa HMa Ba;E,HocTH camo aotjIB, AOK.ae 3aK0H0AJiBCTB0 
6yAe TaKBo npaBO y onniTe Kao AOiiyiirreHO 11 ocho- 
BaHo CM aT pa AG. 



' CaBHifcH je xe saKose BeoMa aroAHO HasBao aiico-iyTHUM saKoaiiMa, 
iiOA KojiiMa ce pasyMejy cbh ohh saKOHH, o KOJHMa ce iipiiBaTuoji bo.lom 
HBniTa He nome yroBapani hh ApyKMnje o/ipeijimaTU, A'JK.ie je cue ociaje 
saKOHe, KOJH Aoiiymiajy oACxynaite nyxeiu iipni!aTiie KOJbe HasBao 3aK0- 
UHsia »iiocpeAyjy tiiM* (nepMiiCHBHHii). 



62 TEOPIUA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AKOHA 

Ko 6s. Toj], npii HeKOMe yroBopy HMao npoTHSHy MHcao h 
npoTDBHy BO-ty, TiiKBa Cm BO^a Beti y caMOMe no^ieTKy f»Ma 
H e n ]> a B H a n h e b a ;k h a. 

,l,OKa:^ je 3a CBe obo ca cbhm npocT. Je^HHH je nsBop CBeaiy 
npaBy oniiiia cbbct i;e;iora Hapoyi,a ; onniTH fl,jx. Oa BpeMena Xe- 
VAOBii Tn je Haqe^io ToopnjcKH TaKO yreptjeflo, fl,n, ra ne ipeda 
noHOBo ^oKasiiBaTH. A OaBHBH ra je H caMHM npaK/mqHHM, no- 
3HTHBH1IM iipaBninuiMa TaKO y^no, j\i\ ce Beh h ofl, itHXOBe cTpane 
He Tpe6a dojaTii iipoTnB.i,eita. OaBHitH je caMo nponycrno, a^ 
H3 H>era HSBe^e one nocjieTKe, kojh cy naM 3a oBy naniy o6jiaeT 
nyaiHii. Ta je crpord-^oraqKa KOuceKBeni^HJa y TOMe: a^^ je 3a 
UHAHBHAyy iipaBHO HeMoryiiHO, a^ ce pa3pefflK oa 3ajeAHHii,e 
ca TOM jeAHHOM cyiicTanuHJoM iipaBa, a^^ Be3y ea itoMe pacKHHe, 
pa3Aepe h a^^ ce iipeia mmmi oopTHia h MeHaia OAPJKH. Ta- 
KBa H a M e ]t a wHAHBHAye 6n.ia Cm a n c o ^ y t h a h e ii p a b a « , 
(»Ha (In XTO^a ,\n yKnne caM nojam npaBa. Jep Taj ce uojam 
cacTOJH caMo y Tnj 3ajeAHni;H , cacToJH ce caMo y TOMe, ji,^ 
OHO, niTO y CBaico Bpeie ca^iiftaiia aiico^yTHy caAP^nny onniTe 
CBOCTH, XA TO iiocTOJH H 3a CBe nojeAHHi],e. 

OcHM Tora, TaKBOM (in HaiepoM HHAHBHAya Aoni^ia y npoTH- 
BopeqHocT ca co6om caMOM, KaA 6h XTe^a npH6aBJi>aH>eM H3BecHora 
npaBa a* ra yTBpAH h o6e36eAH npoTHB CBaKora AOAHHJer odjiHKa 
jaBHc npaBne CBecTH, kojh TaKBO npaBO HCK^y^yje, no mTO 
6a THMo HHAniuiAya XTe^a y ucto Aooa h hcthm aKTOM n A'^ y^nnn 
B e 3 y H 3 a j A H H u, y ca ohhitom npannoM cBeraty h a^ ce 
OABOJH OA n.e. Jep TOMe nojeAHHome npany, Koje xote A'I ce 
CTeie H iipHoaHH, KpaJH.H je n npann ochob H>eroBe BamnocTH ne 
y OHOMO nojoAHHOMe 3aKony, irojn ra AonymTa h npH3Haje, h kojh 
je H can raiHo joAan n3^ni{ npanne cbocth, nero npaBH je HOCH^ai; 
TOMo njiany Taj niiBop cBHJy 3aKona, ra onniTa npaBHa cnecT 
Ha]ioAna. I la n :!a B])0Me cBora Tpajaaa h CBOJe BamnocTH, 
TO iipaBo iiocToJH H BaatH Kao npaBO caaio na ocHOBy H>eroBe 
K<in'i'opMno, cyrjiacHC boso ca thm n3BopoM CBaKora npana. ,l,aKjie 



TEOPHJA O IIOnrATHOJ CIUH SAKOIIA 63 

HeKO n p a b o CTetn n xtoth tq, OApjKiiTn h 3a oho Bpeiwe, kra 
jaBHa cBecT to npaBo nehe Biiirie CMji-rpaTii Bao A^^nyinieHo h 
onpaB^aHo, to 3Haqii y je,i,aH 3iax iipaBun ochob, U(» komo 
ce CTHie H npndaBjLa, Ty cyMacHocT ca onniTOM CBeiiiKy, ii o- 

C T a B M T H H y K H A n T H , II p H 3 H a T H H II (' K .1. y y H T H y 

HCTo BpeMe ! 

HpudaBybaifceM HeKora npaBa ne iioate Aaiwe hhahbh- 
Aya HHKaAa j\i^ ce nsByqe ii H3Bnje lienor yTimaja oniuTo upaBHc 
CBecTH. OaMO 6ii oh;i HHAHBiiAya MOMa oa Tora yTiiuaja ca cbhm 
Aa ce oc^odoAH, a^^ r^' noTnyno oa fie(ie OA<jnje, icoja Cm ce 
peinioa, /[a HHKaA^i HiiKaKBo npaBo He CTe^io ii hi; 
BpiHH, KiiA (m ce TO y onniTe momo saMHCjiHTii. 

Obo mTo je EasaHO, TMe ce hh Ma^o ne oh momo nsMeHHTH, 
mTo 6h MoatA!! HeKH 3aK0H H3peK0M HeKOMe ^Hu,y AonycTHo, a^ 
ce5H o6e36eAH nsBecHo npaBO 3a BeqsTa Bpesiena n npoTHB ceaKe 
6yAyJie npoxH()HTHBHe napeA^e 3aK0H0AaBCTBa. M Tai^aB 3aK0H, 
pasyme ce a^ h6 6h Morao npeTeHAOBaTH Ha AJ^e Tpajaite 
HO cBaKH APyrH 3aK0H T. j. He 6h Morao hmiITH AyJ^e Tp.ijafte ao 
caMO AOTjie, A OK OH Baatn h hoctojh Kao 3aK0H. TaKan 3aK0H, 
KOJH 6e caMo Moriio noTetiH n hohhIih h3 norpemnora cxBaTaaa 
ynyTpamfte e ne^HTe npHpoAe cnera npana, napaBHO a^i ^h OAMax 
caM HO ce6H nmqesao h H3^H3ao ce, ihm 6h HaeTa.10 npaBH^HHJe 
cxBaTaH.e npasa, Kao HenpecTanora Teqnora oMeAa^a h H3pa3a 
CBarAamite caAp^nne onniTe CBecTH. Ha niTa BHme, t a k b m e 
3aK0Hy HH caMOM bojlhom aKn,HJ0M HHAHBHAye He 6h momo Aa ce 
AaAe AJ^e Tpajaae, ho Ma KOMe APyroM saKony t. j. Tpajaae 
caMO AO OHora MOMeHTa, rAe ce aeroBa Baa^HOCT 3a6paHH h 
HCK^yqH saKOHOAaBCTBOM, Koje flo^e casnaje npHpoAT npana. 

He M JK e AaKJie HHAHBHAya ho^octh KO^ian, y npaBHo 36- 
MAHHiTe Te, yxBaTHBHiH ce 3a ftera, npooacHTH ce Kao c y b e- 
p e H a 3a Be^iHTa Bpeiena h npoTHB CBHJy 6yAyiinx npHHyAHHX 

H^H npOXHOHTHBHHX 3aK0Ha. To TaKO HCTO He MO^e ftHTH, Kao 

niTO ce He Moaie no6ocTH MOTKa y hcko seM^HHiTe, Te Tpa^KHTH 



64 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CII.III 3AKOHA 

^a (iHji ocTcme Ha cbomg MGcry join h oe^sl, kjm ce ]i,eAo oho 3e- 
M.i,HinTe, y KOMe je ona •i'A6oj\eRii, uoKpene. Ho npaeoj jofhuh to 
He 6n MixmiAo HHin'ra APyro j\,o: HaqimnTH ce cbojhm B^iaoTH- 

THM 3aK(iH(i AaBUOM, Ka^ XotiGMO 110,1, BJiaCTHTuM HHAHBHAy- 

ajiHOM iiyHOBAamliy m npoAyatHMO h npoierneMo BajKHOcT HeKora 
3aK0Ha H iipoKO BpcMeHa aeroBora TpajaH>a h y oh » BpeMe, r/i,e 
iipoxHoHTJiBHH 3aK0HH Ty H3BecHy HpaBHy ca^patHfly MCKAyqyjy. 

Ti» je npaBn cMncao one ^ecro ^lyBeHe H3peKe: neiia 
iipaBJi iipoTiiB upana. To ne 3Haqn HHiHia Apyro, ao Aa CBaKO 
HojeAUHo upaBo hag 3a npoMenaMa came npaBHe cyncTani^HJe, h3 
Koje je noHHKJo h y Kojoj my je Kopen. 

npeMa CBeiwy oBOMe, OAKCia ce npncTO h jiaKo peniaBajy 
TeiiiKote, Koje cy ce o6HqHo na^asii^e h nojaB.MBajie npn nii- 
Taiby Ae.ioBaH>Y ii yTH^ajy a^AHHJhx iipoxiidirrnBHHX saKOHa 
HajpaSjUiyHHJe Bpcre'; h ko^hko ce to ne.io cxBaTaae ocniiBa 
caMO Ha AydAHM yHyTpaniibHsi KOHceKBeni^HJaMa iip^iBHora nojjia, 
Kao lUTo ra je nc^ia nama Mo^epHa <MAOco*i>HJa iiocTaBH^ia, TaKO 
ce HCTO OHO no cBojoj AoraqKoj npHpoAH y p e m e h. n m a c t a- 
pux pHMCKHX npaBHHKa yneK oMeAn^o n npn3HaBa;io. 

M3 OBora niTo je Kasano Beh AocTa jacno H3.ia3n, KaKO je 
HBonpaBAana h ynpaBo npoTHBHa npaBHOiie noJMy ona HHTepe- 
coBana BHKa, ihto ce yneK iioAiisajia oa cTpane ohhx, kojh cy 
TiMa^n M3Becno iipaBo, itaA roA je jaBHH Ayx y cbomb nocTynnoM 
Aii-LfM pa:{j{Hhy A"mao ao Tora, j[n Aa.f.n oncTanaK noKora iipe- 
ljaiiiii.(M'a iijiaBa Kao n. ii]». ciiaxHJcKora iipaBa HaA KMoToBHMa, 
Ky^yKe n Aii^Konne H3Beofle BpcTe h ji])MpoAe, npaBo ;i0Ba, ocao- 
()0])eH>e (>A A'lHKa 3a HSBecna cnaxHJcKa Ao^^'PJij «i>HAeJKOMHcapHO 
Hacjiel)e h t. a- oa caAa HCKAyqH h yicHHe. 



'ia cuAJi oBAe npHMcfeyjeMO, Aa mh, kho uito ce neh moi.io imAexH M3 
lUMora pa3viaiiiH.a, oB^e yiicK caMo roBopiuio o Maxepiij a.iHHTu iipo- 
xiioiniiiiuiiM aaKiiuii.Ma, .laK.ic He ii o OHiisia, Kojii cy yiipan.teHii cumo 
iipitTiiii .Kipjic iipaiiiiHX aKToita ii iiocjoita. Majio unaie AoAiipiiyl.eMo 
r<' .\in' K.iace iipnxnt'.iiTiiiiiinx :iaKoii;i. 



TEOPII.IA O nOBPATIIOJ CH.III 3AK0ITA 65 

HGKoj neonpaBAanoj iioBpaTnoj ch^ipi, o hckoj iioBpeAH 
CTe^eHHX npaRji y CBnma thm c^yMajoBHMa He Moate, Kao ihto 

CMO BH/l,e^H, HH (>HT1I TOBOpa. ObAO tiOMO paMO MHMOrpOvT. IiaiTO- 

Meeyra, Kaito OaHHitif y tomc iiiiTan.y 0;i,ncTa y MnoroMC AOj\ii- 

pyje HCTHHy no CaMOMO CBOMO eMIIHftHTHOM npaBHHiJKOM TaKTy, 

a.iii KaKd niiaK. HHJe Morao /i,a j[o])e j\o jacHora cxBaTaita npa- 
Bora ToopHJGKor r.ie/T,nTiiTa, Te noc^ie onei yiia;i,a y norpemKe h 
odMane. TaKO h. np. oh Ha./ia3H, Aa npa yKHAaity TaKBMx iipaB- 
HHX ycTanoBa, Koje :e oAHOce na HenpecraHo Tpajno npaBne 
OAHoraaje, Bajia oHHia kojh cy uMajiH Ta npana „fl,?i ce a^A© 
iipaBa, noTnyna naiuiaAa". Oh bg^ih: „CBaKH npaBH hOjIH- 
THqKH OH HapoAHO-npHBpeAHH cMep HOTHyHo ee nocTHsaBa ot- 
KynoM H yKHAaH,eM thx npaBa ca naKHaAOM, 6e3 o6oratieH.a jeAHe 
crpane na pa^iyn Apyre, Koja ce iipHpoAOM tax saKona HHKaKBHM 
HaiHHOM He Mome onpaBAaTH". 

Ha TO onmTe TBpi)eH.e Mopa ce npe cnera HpmieTHTH, ah 
je Be^HKa oijMana, KaA ce ysHMa h npHsnaje to To6oiKH,e npaBO 
Ha HaKHaAy y noMenyTHM c^yiajeBHMa. Ta naKnaAa moate a^ 
ce Aaje h3 ho^hthmkhx pa3^ora, h3 pa3^ora yAecHOCTH, a^H 
HHKaKO no HeKOMe npany. To ca jacnoM iiornqKOM HyatHomJiy 
H3^a3H H3 onmTera TeopnjcKora cxnaTaRa, KOJe cmo pa3Bii.iH. 
lIpaBO je MOMO OAMax y caMoiae noyoTKy oa CTpane hhahbh- 
Aye 6ani h caiHM yroBopoM A'T- ce ycTaHOBH caaio ao oh or a 
A an a, rAe he ohhith oncTanaE TaKBora npana nanJiH h yAa- 
pHTH Ha TaKaB o6^HK jaBHe CBecTH, KOJH to npaBO nopaqe h 
Kao HeMorytHO npoMamyje. lIpaBO je Ba5K,H.ao, AOK^e je mo- 
mo H xpedajio A'I BaatH. Taj cyAC>HHCKH ji,iiE, a-ab. Tora eyAapa 
ca jaBHOM npaBHOM CBeraiiy caAa je h a c t a o, a c m a o j e — 
H THMe je CBe Kasano ! 

rpaHHu,a, A'> Koje je npaBO momo h Tpedajio a^ Bamn, 
AOCTHTHyTa je, h caA aakaq hh ^ornqKH hh npaBHHiiKii 
HeMa M e e T a hh o c h o b a 3a HaKHaAy. — Ty h e m a ni t a Aa 
ce HaKHaijyje. Jep Ty nojeAnnny nnje 0Ay3eTo, hito ce Kao npn 

lUACUUB LIV. 5 



66 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^IH 3AK0HA 

eiicnpnii i>nj;i unjii' jom n .i.a.'be npHsnaje Kao npaBna h 
Ha npasy ocnoBana cBOJnna. TIpn3HaBaTn neKO npaBo HaKnaAe 
H OHA'S r^a je ca^pjKnna yimHyiora npana oj\ CTpaHe jaBHe 
npaBHC cBocin Bcli 3.10 pa it en a t. j. 03iiaMeHa Ka,o npoTHBHa 
iipaBy. TO no .iornii,H ne fin 3HaiH;io HiimTa Maae, Hero H3Be- 
c H JIM K A a c a M ;i n ^ n if h /^ n b it /i, y a m a npH3HaTH npaBO : ^T,a 
jaBHoMe Ayxy naMety hokh TpHoyT, ;],aHaK 3a aeroBO ;i,a./i.e pas- 
BnjaH,e, j[,i\RAe npH3HaTH neKH TpnoyTapHK OAHoniaj 3aBHCH0CTH 
jaBHe CBecTU oa nsBecHHX 0B./iamlieHnx K^aca 11.0 DH^HBHAya. 
H Harae je saKOHo^aBciBo y HOBHJe fl,o6A Hiajio rioBO/i,a, 
XA pemaBa Toj HaKHaAH 3a H3BecHa yKHHyxa npasa , n to 
npH.iDKOM ypel)eH.a arpapHHx o^Homaja y Harami oc^iodotjeniiM 
KpajeBmia. OAHCia 6h 3aHimAHB0 6hj10, ar OB^e HMaMO JiecTa 
Aa Majio H3u^naKe pa3MeAaM0 Ty Teopnjy HaKHa/i,e npa 
yKHAaay nocioja^inx npana npoxudHTHBHHM saKOHiiMa y jaBHOM 

H HpHBaTHOM HpaBy. A^H MH TO OB^e He MOmeMO yqHHHTH, HO 

lieMo ce npBOM npMHKOM mm UHTaiteM 3a6aBnTn y iioceoHoj 
paciipaBH. 

Mh cmo ao caAa noKyraajE ^a /i,0KaaieM0, ^a n 3a hito npo- 
XHuuTHBHii 3aK0HH, KojH HGKO HpaBo Kao He/i,ouyniTeHo MCK.'tyqyjy 
113 iipaBHe c*epe, o^Max Ae^yjy h na yroBope kojh Bet nocTOJe, 
H KaKO y TOMB Heaia HHKaKBe HeocHOBane noBpaTHe cH^e hhtm 
noBpOAe IipaBHe cjiodoAe ua hh caMora naqe^a oApiKa^y 11 
iieiKiBpeA.'i.HBOCTH cTe^eHHX npana. 

Hy caA HaM CBaKojaKO Ba^a o^e^ieatHTH ii rjiaHnuy, Koja 
y caMOMe noJMy ;ie;im h y Kojoj jeAHHO HMa BaatnocTH oiio hito 
CMO Ka3a;iH. CaA A'^-K^e Ba^ta Afi ode^eJKUMO h noKameMo, KaA 

' T;iKo II. n\). iipii cKciipoiipHJaiuiJH ueivora seMAniiiTa pa^ii Heite jaBHe 
rpaljeitjiHc, HcxHHa, Aii ce Taj nsnecuH AocaAauiibH iipeAMeT hah iipaBua 
ofijcKT na'iHuii jaiiuHM AodpoM, HsySHJia ce h3 iipuBaxHe CBOJHHe, hah 
caMo Taj JBAaii cjyHaJHH eraeMiiAap, a ue ii u,e^a BpcTa Tora upao- 
iioia (ifijoKTa. IleiiOKpeTHocTii, OaiiiTHue y oiiuiTC Mory h oa ca.Aa ah 
ce iipiiGaiu.ajy ii au OyAy y iipmiaTuoj chojhuh. II c Tora naJta ah ce 
AaAc HaituaAa, 



TEOPUJA O llOBPATHOJ CH^IH 3AKOHA 



67 



iipoxn^HTHBHii 3aK0HH Taj ();3iia'ienn yiiman Mopajy uMani, a kua 
Ha iipoTHB He cMejy HiaxH, a a^ ho 6yAe HeonpaBAane no- 
Bpaine cn.ie. 

CaBUftM, Ynrep n AP-, k^i" "^'''^ ^mo neti BaHOMeny^iH, oa- 
C)auyjy noTiiyno CBaKO Ae^OBafte aoahhJiix iipHHyAHUx aaKOHa na 

npel)aBiite yroBope. 

Toie HMa jom obo Aa ce npHMeTH. Cbh npoxH6HTHBHH 
H^u iipHHyAHH saKOHH, Ma KO^iHKO pasHG caApa^HHe 6h;ih, Mory 
caMO oHTH OA ABe Bpcre. Ohh Mory h^h to oiipeAeAHBaTU, Aa 
HeKO H3BecH0 npaBO, Koje je ao caAa nocTOJa^io (Aaoe HeKa 
npaBHa caAP^iHa) oa caAa y onniTe He Mome BHuie 
6hth CBOJnna' HHAHBHAye n HiKaKBHM ce bojlhhm aKxoM 
He Moate laKBOM cbojhhom yqHHHTn. 

Eau Mory TH npHHyAHH saKOHH neKO HSBecHO npuBO itao 
TaKBo H Aa^e upasHaBaTH, oApaJaTii ra y Ba^HocTH, Aa mme 
6wm CBOJHHa HHAiiBHAye, a Mory caMO Aa ce oahocb Ha to hh- 
ime, yiaxKBOJ g.opMH n hoa KaKBHM ycAOBEia hhah- 
BHAya Moaie Ty nsBecHy npaBHy caAP^Hny Aa npacBOJa, ua Aa 

TO no npasy Bamn. 

EpoxndHTHBHH 3aK0HH npBe BpcTe, KOJH AaK^e oApn^iy Aa 
HeKa iipaBHa caApJKHHa y onmTe MOJKe 6flTH y cbojhhh hhah- 
BHAye, Aa ce Moate HOABprnyTH npHBaTHOJ bo.m, TaKBH npoxH- 
6flTiiBHH saKOHH OAMax ce Mopajy npiiMeHHTH Ha cbo 
yroBope KOJH nocToje, a thm Beta h na cne ocTa^e 

npaBHe oAHomaje. 

HpHHyAHH saKOHH APyre npcTe, kojh ce caio TH^y Bet 
HanoMenyTe .i.opMe h yciona, hoa KOJHMa ce M0ffi.eH3BecHa npaBHa 
caAPMHa npHdaBHTH, TaKBH hpoxh.Ihthbhh saKOHH HHKaAa ne 

• CaMO je no ce6a jacHO, Aa mh OB^e Ty pen ^CBOJ.ma* ae ynoTpe6.Ba- 
bLo y y.eM CMaLy o6«HHe cxBapae cbojhuc, uero y ouu-xeM .nnp m 
cmIcy, y '^OMe ce CBe oho Mo^ne HasBaxH cbojhhom aH.nBHAye, m.o 
ceMoJe noT.nuHTH B.aAU n ro cnoAapcxny Ho.u.Bu.y- 

a^HB BO^>e. 

5' 



68 TEOPnJ.\ O nOBPATIlOJ CIUH 3AK0HA 

cMejy ;^eiOBaT^ na iipasHe oAHamaje, kojh Bet nocTOJe h kojh 
cy nocpeAOBaHH nHAnBDAya-iHOM iiKUHJOM BOjte. 

A.in xy caA o-piax MopaMo npHMeTHTH, a^ npn o 6 a h r a- 
UiijaMa OHH 3aK0Hii, kojh onpeAGAyjy ifcHXOB HaqHH npH- 
6 a B .t a H. a HAy y ony n p b y Bpciy npHHyAHHX saKona c Tora, 
iiiTo TG oij^rai^HJe cBOJy npaBHy npupoAy ne i^pny h le ao- 
uiijajy caMo oa one paAae, Ha Kojy one npaBo A^^jy? sero 
TaKM HCTO jc AO<)njajy h caMHM cbojhm HagnnoM nocxaHKa h npn- 
6aB.'F.aH.a. Jep orijiHraxopHa xpaatoHHa xgk ho cbomb 
ocHOBy nocxaHKa (KynoBHHa, sajam, naKnaAa mxexe n 
X. A-) AO^HJa CBOJy HHAiiBHAya;iHy npnpoAy h CBOJy npaBHy KBa- 
M«i>HKan,njy, Koja npasy A^je H,eroBy onpeA6^HBOcx, yiHEH 
ra OHHM, mxo jecx. /],pyKnHJe cxoJH koa cxBapnnx npasa. 
Ta ce npaBa onpeAe.i.yjy h KBa^H<DHKyjy jeAHHO no OHOJ npan- 
Hoj caAPMtUHH, Ha KOJy ona hgko .inne OB^iamfiyjy, h ho 
npnpoAH npaBHora npeAMexa n./in ofijeKxa, Koje ce 
nsBecHoiue JHny yc^iCA cxnapnora npana noxnnH>aBa. T y j[aKAe 
Haqnn ]ipHdaBJi,a?F>a, j[a ^n je h. np. CBOjnna npnoaB^eHa sacxa- 
pe^orahy, Hac;iel)eM, KynonnnoM h x. a-, nocxaje paBHOAyinHHM 
cpeAcxBOM, npocxoM <i>opMOM one paAH,e, kojom ce npHdaBAa. 
C xora AnK.ie npoxnoHXHBHH saKonn o naMnny npHf»aB.i.aH,a npn 
ou.inraunjaMa HAy y saKonc npne Bpcxe, a npn cxBap- 
HHM npaBHMa y lUKone APyre Bpcxe. J Kojy oa xhx A^ejy 
Hpcxa HCKH npHHYAHH 3aKon MAG, neliG HHMaAO 6wm xghiko a^ 
cG onpGAe.an, KaA ce Ma;io xannnje paRMoxpn h Hcnnxa aerona 
caAP^KHHa H H.eroB cmep. 

A paijjior :m iiixo came iipoxhuhxhbhh saKonn npne Bpcxe 
oAMax A^^iyjy, xaj pa:$;ior nnjo nniirra Apyro, ao KOHceKBenxna 
H cHcxeMaxci.-a nocjOAHna ne^ie name rope paannxe xGopnje. Oh 
HHJG nmiixa M^yro, j\o pasAUKa, Koja h3 caMora noJMa hhah- 
BHAya^^ne cao6oa{) bo.i.g ny:?KHO hcxh^ig. Jep y yKH- 
Aan.y AajT.era xpajaiba h oncxanKa noKora yroBopenora npana 
iK'iriiM :!;iK<iii(iM, KOJH TO npaijo y (iniirre yKHAa, mije HHKaKBa 



tEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^IH SAKOIIA 69 

noBpeAii Cjiouo,i,e bojlo, HHKaKBo KBapcn.c ii u:}ouciMaBaibe Heue 
HHAHBHAya-iHe pa^ftG, no urro n ^lonniKii ii ii]taBHO BOAa 
H paAiLa Mory, iipeia cajioj np.up(i,i,M iii»aBiic cyiicTaHniije, hgko 
npaBO 3axBaTiiTii, iipuAuuiiTii m iiu^iiB]i,i,yii oui'ijucautii cumo h a 
TO^HKo BpeMG, ji,OKAG Td HpaBiui ciiApniiiiia y ue^uiiyuHoj 
npaBHoj cBecTii uyAe 3ay],pjKaiia cboj oc^onaii, ii m u r y L h o e t 
CBora oiicraHKa, h iit3 ()yAe luu) uoTiiyuu ncMuryliHa HCKAy- 
qeaa; y tomo jXakaq, j mgcto KBapeH.a iiii,i,iiBiiAya.aHC paAifce, 
Acaan cajio itOHa ny^KHa rpaHuij.a, Koja joj je ^oruiiKii y 
caMOMG nocTaHity uo^Loatona. A^h na iipoiHB, iipumeua iipoxuda- 
THBHHX saKOHa APyrc Bpcre na upaBHc OAHomajo, kojh cy HHAa- 
BHAyaAHOM BOAOM iiocTaAM II iiocpoAOBaHH, bgL 6h caApJKaBa^ia 
y ce6H upaBy H3MeHy ii usouayaBaite HUAUBiiAya^He pa^ifce, u 
no TOMe HeoiipaBAany uoBpaxny CHjiy. 

Jep npoxH6HTHBHii 3aK0Hii Te APyro Bpcxe ne iipoMarayjy 
y oiiiETe HOKo iipaBO Kao laKBo, Eoje HcnaAa h3 iipaBHO cttepe 
H nocTaje hgcuoco^ho a* ^yA6 CBOJana HHAHBHAye. Ohh Ha npo- 
THB to IipaBO H ji,ii.ini OApiKEiBajy, H AoiiymTiijy x^ ce oho h 
Aajte Moase HHAHBHAy^i-iHOM boahom paAifcOM iipnoaBHTH, a HCKAy- 
qyjy caMo hokg oApetjene Bpcre h od^iiiKe tiix HHAHBiiAyaA- 
HHX paAH>a OA ciioco^HOcm 3a TaKBO iipaBHO npiioaB-iafto. Ty 
ce A'^K^e pemaBa h cyAH caaio o Ba?KHoi"m h Ae^ioBaay noee6- 
HHx HHAHBHAya^mix paA^a. A kha HHAHBiiAyi^ caMo Tpajatte 
H oncxaHaK CBora cxeieHora iipaBa Mopa ji,ii noABpi'He npoxn- 
duxuBHoie cyAy jaBHora Ayxa , xo je na iipoxHB ^ora^iKH ea 
CBHM HeMoryliHo, Afi noceony KaKBoty cBOJe neite xpe- 
HyxHB paAH>e, kojom npaBO upH6aB./La, iiOABprne APyrt)Me 
npaBH^y ao ohomg, Koje je y speMe xe paAite B^iaAaAo. 
KaA A^KAe y oiiinxe xo OApetjeno iipano e fl,iiJbG joni ms&e Ma 
H APyrHM HHAMBHAya^HHM paAftajia A'I- ce opHoaB.ta, OHAa C»h 
HHAHBHAya MOMa c nyHHM npaeoM A'^ ^^ uoxymi na HConpaB- 
Aany noBpaxny cn^y, xe Kasaxii : a^- ^h OHa, ji,ii je xo 3Ha.aa, 
xo HpaBO upMoaBH^a uoa ohhm a P y r h m h a :i h a c jom npu- 



70 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CII.llI 3AK0HA 

3uaTUM ou^inuuMii h ycjioBMiia npiiuaB.i.cXH,ti. Ty on x^ikag 
ml. HiicTau npettop, xd ce qoBe^ja c;io6oAa n ypaqyH.nBOCT spelja 
H AeHaTypiiiiie. 

Tiuie CMC AiiKyie caA npn^Hqflo noTnyno o6eAG^EAK h 
pasBiiAH TcopHJy yiHuaifcy a Ae^OBaity ancoAyrHHX saKona. 
i\d HaBGAeiio joui HOKOAHKO iipiiMepa noceuime h3 ou^nrai^HO- 
Hora upaBa. 

li'Aji, ce H. up. HBKEM saKOHOM yBe^e pacKHAaae 36 or 
0fflTelieH,a iipeKO hoaobhhg (laesio enormis) npn npo- 
,Vijii 11 KynoBDHH, Koje aohag nnje nocrojayio, to ce TaKae aaitoH, 
Ma uno y npaBOMe cMHCAy npoxndn'rnBaH, snaK He Moaie npH- 
MeniiTu H.i yroBope KynoBnmi, kojii cy npe aera saKAyieHii. 
(JaMO iipaBo Ha fleiiopeqno oxyiieifce h na ctrjIho npHdaB-teny 
CBOJHHy KynoBHe nene nnje yimHyTO, Hero ce Moate oa caAa Kao 
H AO caAa npii6aBUTH, a caMo cy 3a npHdaB^aae Tora npasa 
uocTaB.i.eHH HeKH ycaoBH OAHomajy KynoBHe i],eHe npeMa 

BpBAHOCTII OUJOKTa. Hlo TOMe Ce jl,ilKAQ HpOXHOHTHBHa CaApJKHHa 

Tora 3aK0Ha 'niqe caaio Ba^HOCTH nocednora Ae^a, kojhm 
ce TO iipaBo y A'lTome c^yqajy npH6aB.'>a, h no TOMe He a^- 
;iyjo Ha iipetjauifta Ae.ia n paAH>e. ¥ OBaKBOie peraeH.y npa 
TOMe oiuTeKeifcy npeKO ho-iobuhg cbh ce npaBHH nHci],u ciiaaiy, 
caMo mTi> uHM TO HHcy Ha iipaBH AyoAH TeopEJCKH pa3.ior CBe^lH, 
11 iipeMa TOMO y APy^M c;iHqHflM HHTaanMa APyK^je h Horpe- 
iiiHo peinaBajy. 

Tajto Ail H. lip. join uporoBopHMo oHOMe nosnaTOM JycTM- 
HJijanoBOM 3aK0Hy „de usiiris'' (L. 27. Cod. i, 32.) KaMa- 
TaMa, KOMe je BeoMa mhopo roBopa h npennpKe 6h.io Meljy 
iioBHJHM HiicuHMa, H Koju 3a H)HX 6eme npaBi Kaaen cnoTHi^aaa, 
jep iniKaKD ne Morome a* ra H3MHpe h gaos&q ca cbojhm Teo- 
lurjciiiiM cxBaTaftHMa h r.iOAnniTHMa. OAHCTa 'raj 3aK0H HHKaKO 
inij(3 Morao Aa ce noABCAe iioa ony oiiiirry <i>opMyjiy „Aii fl hobh 
iij»(.xiii1nTiiBiin 3aK0HH ue Mory h3mohhth npauiie nocieAnne h 
y'luiiijc pamijc 3aiv.byii0iiHX yroBopa". JycTHHiijan je H3Aao 3a- 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CIWH 3AKOIIA 71 

KUH, y KOJie je a^hag Aouyiu'ieHy uaJBHiuy Mepy HHTopecti oa 12 
no CTO cnycTHO e odopno Ha 6 npoii,eHaTa, a 3a tiim je ii^peKuji 
npoiiHcao, Ai^ je Haiiepa xora saKona asi h " P e Tora saKona 
saioLyqene yroBope o KaiaTH cbgag na hobo yBeAenn aaKOHCKH 
MaKCHJiyM Kaiiaie, HaysraajyiiH caaio one KaMaie, KoJHMa je join 
npe o^HapoAOBaaa Tora aaKoua pOK iipoiiiao. Ty A^K^e oqeBH- 
AHO 'raj HOBH 3aK0H AG^yje oamcIX h na paniijo aaKAyqene yro- 
Bope — na KaKo to Mome j\,'d ce c^offiH ca ropftOM <i)opMyAOM ? 
Be^iHKa ce BeLnna ayiopa y tomo caMacn^a, a* 'I'aj saKoH HHJe 
Ao6ap, A<i je 3a ocyAy, jep ycxaHOBAaBa TeopnjcKH neonpaBAany 
HOBpaTHy mAj\ 

Ila HiiaK je, npeia Haiiioj rope pa3.aoa:eHOJ Toopnjn, Jycrn- 
HHJan npa Toaie BaKony nocTynno ca cbhm iipasM^iHO h TOopHJcim 
KopeKTHO. Mn heMo oBAe Hapo^mTO noKymaTH to A'I AOKa^Keio, 
n TO ocTaBJbajyiiH na cTpany caMy naniy Teopnjy. To je c Tora 
BajKHO, niTO A0Ea3yjytiH onpaBAanocT Tora saKona mm yjeAHO ao- 
Ka3yjeM0 n noTBpt^yjeMO HajoqnMeAnnje caiy naray xeopnjy o 
yTHH,aH,y n Ae^OBafty hpoxh^hthbhux saEona. To lie 6hth naj- 
MaBHHJH emnHpHqKH AOEas aene onpaBAaHOCTH. Upe CBera 
Hal Ba^a Ka3aTH, a^ Taj JycTHHHJaHOB 3aK0H ne ctojh ycaM^H, 
nero a^^ je y OBOiie neKy n npycKO saKOHOAancTBO TaKO hcto 
HapeAHAO n nponncaAO^. GaHnH^n KpnTHKyjytiH Te npycKe saKone 
BOiiH, KaKO OHH HMcy OHaBH^H „Aa OHH yupaBj npoTUBopeMe 
OHoie nane^y, no komo ce npanne nocAOAHue yroBopa npecy- 
ta'y ^0 3aK0Hy, KOJH je y BpeMO anxoBora BaKAyneaa BaaiHo". 
Ha OH TaKO mcto n JycTHnnjanoB 3aitoH KapaKTepnme Kao Be- 
OMa „nyAaH n caMOBOAan'', Kao neKH M3y3eTaH saKOH, Kojn ca 
MeAinnTa npaBHHX naqe^a caAp^H ca cbhm neonpaBAany no- 



> TaKO AiHoie iietjy ocTa.iuMu: Savigny, Syst. VIII. cxp. 362—84, 3y7, 
403, 437. — Tr op long, Pret. Xt 3-57. — Vangcrow, Paiulekten, 
I. Thl. § 26. — Puchta. Paiulekt. § 111, iipiui. e. - Unger, Syst. 
I. CTp. 138 upiiM. 39 H AP- 

2 B. TO uspeHHO uaueAOuo y Las sail e, Syst. ilor ervvorl). Reclite I 
cxp. 278. 



72 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^M 3AK0HA 

BpaTHy CHjy. Jlpe csera HMiiMu ^ii npiiMeTHMo, m je 'raj 3a- 
KOH noTnyno upoxadHiflBHe npHpo^e. IIpaBO na Betiy laiMaxy 
OA 6 npouenaTa, no iteMy oa ca/i,a He Moate HHKaKO Baine 6iith 
CBOJHHa uH^uBHAye, He Moaie y o6avlkj KaMaie BHuie HHKaKO 
HHKaKBOM HHAHBHAya^HOM pa/i,H>OM 3a HHAHBHAyy A'^ ce npH- 
CuBH. IIo HiTu je TO HpaBO ofl, A^^Ha Tora saKona ca cbhm Hcna-jio 
H3 c<Depe HHAflBHAy«<-iHe cBoJHHe, uo mxo ce oho He MosKe Bsnie 

HMaiH HH npHdilBHTU, TO CaiO C060M MOpa OHO nacTH H OTHa- 

CTH H KOA CBHJy oHux, KOJH cy TO HpaBO AO caAa no yroBopy 
HMajiH H npii6aBHAH, a^n ey ra Kao h cBaKO APyro npano c a m o 
AOTjie HMa^H a npHdaBH^m, AOK^e oho y onmTe 6yAe cnoeo- 
dno, AH MOffie 6hth npeAMOT BiiacTH n rocnoAapcTna HHAHBHAy- 
a;iHe BOjie, A'T- fiyAe CBOJHHa nnAHBHAye. 

UIto CaBHH>H H y3 H^era jom Mnorn Apyra npaBHHi],H Ka- 
syjy, Aa je JycTHnnjan cbojhm HaBeAonnM saKOHom napoAHO HemTo 
H3y3eTH0, UITO ce na caMoj npaBHoj npnpoAH cxBapn ne ocHMBa, 
TO HHKaKO He CTOJH, jep je Bell h caai pnucKH 3aKonoAaBan„ Kao 
HiTO ce H3 ca,uHx peiiii Tora 3aK0Ha bhah, thmo mhc^ho ynpaso 
caMo A^ nponnine nenrro, hito je ca cbmm npaBUAHa n nyiKna 
npHMena npaBHHX Haqe^a\ Ochm Tora, GaBHH,H ocyt)yjytiH Taj 
3aK()H H KapaKTepnmyfcH ra Kao houito caMOBO^no h nsysoTHO, 
AOAasH y oieBHAny upoTHBope^HocT ca caMHM 
C060M. /J,a je TO oAHCTa TaKO, Baiba camo BHAeTH KaKo Ca- 
BUftH npaBAa n opanu npiiHeny no3HaTora npunnca q^ana 84:0. 
<i'paunycK()ra code civil-a'^ na BeL npe Tora poi^eny nandpainy 
Acuy. KaA cy Ta j\,Qii,ii pjtjena upe Tora 3aKona noA neKHM APy- 



' TuKO H uoiiHJH iioauaTiipoMuiiiurra Scheur], Boitriige zur ]3earl). des 
roni. Keclits, ci'ii. Ho uujue o tomc JyCTimujauoiiOM saivoiiy, 4a to uiije 
iiiiicaKaii uayaeraii aaitoH, no cajio iipanii^iia iipiiMcna omix iiaic.ia, itoja 
113 cajie iipaiiiie iipiipoAc CTitapH itCTHuy. 

Illaj|i.i y ToMe cTojii oiior 11 can icao Aocra \n\\aii iiayseraK Meljy 
iioititjiiM iipauuiiM iiiicuuMa. 

■^ KoJH MacH: ,La reclierclie de la paternite est interdite', TaKau hctu 
iipoiiiic y nauicM ii)al;aiicii. yaiiomiKy § 130. 



TEOPMJA O IIOUI'ATHOJ CILIH .'iAKOllA 73 

ruM SciKOHOM, Koju jECHCKoj Kujii JG 3[iTpyAHeAa H Aeiyi Aaje m- 
BecHe n])iiBne Tpu^Kdaiie h iipoTeiicHJe, oh-vi cy n:{Beciio ii y tomg 
Bell HiiCTcUii 11 cieiiomi M3Beciiii iiiiAiiBii^yayiuii iipaiiHii oAiiuiiiaJH 
M nptiBHe o6bg'SQ. lla miuik Oubiulm KajKo: „IIenpaBo u 6e3 
ocHOBa ce saMeptao Tome saitOHy, Kao ^Ji ca^patH HeonpaBAaHy 
noBpaiHy CH^y. Hy xaKO cy ra hctu iiorpemiio upaiiMii -riiMe, 
mTO My je npeAMex neKo Jm^m craite Kao TaKBD. HpaBo H.e- 
roBo onpaBAaiLe y tomg jc, mio je to aaKOH npimyAHe, 
npoxadHTHBHe npnpoAe" — A^ioe noieKao h3 Mopa jhhx 
nodyAa, Kao iuto je OaBnitn iipe Tora paiMoatno. 

Mh cmo BHAeAH, A'l- 3a HeKii saKOH niije joiu aoboaho Aa 
je caMo npfluyAHC npapoAe, ua x^i oAMax mojkg Ae^oBaTU na 
npaBHe oAHomaje kojh cy iiHAHBHAyii-^HOM paAitoM ocHOBaHH ; a^ 
niTa BHUie TaKaB yminaK HmaKo hg cuie HacraTH, KaA Taj npM- 
HyAHH 3aK0H — Kao H. np. 3a(jpaH,i A0Ka3a cBeAOUiiMa iipii 
TpaatdHHaMa upeKo MSBecne cyue h BpeAHocTH m t. a- — cajio 
neKe yc^OBe e spcTe paAite, Kojraa je MHAiiBHAya MOMa a<> 
caAa H3BecHy iipaBHy caApamHy cTotii a iipHoaBiiTH, 3a6paH>yje 
H HCKAyqyje, hae camy xy KBa^mTaTiiBHo-OApeijeHy iipaBHy ca- 
ApatHHy HMKaKo He H36aii,yje h hg HcraeKyje w.i ctepe hhahbh- 
Ayajine cbojhhg Kao TaKBy, Koja oa caAa hg Moaie bmiug h h k a- 
KBOM HHAHBHAya^HOM paAH.OM A^^ ce npHoaBH. 

Kak Aa Metjy tmm caAa ocTaBHMo Ha CTpany Ty pa3AHKy. 
KaA ClaBMH>u o oHOMe saKony, kojh ncTpa/KHBafte oi^a 3a6paH,yje, 
npH3HaJG u AOuyuiTa, ji,ii ce oh mo^kg upuMeHHTH Ha npeljanifte 
HHAHBHAyajiHOM paAH>0M ocHOBaHe iipaBHe OAHomaje caMo 3a to, 
niTO je npHHyAan, oHAa 3a uito oh to ne npasnaje ho 
3 a K H y K a M a t a m a 1 3ap TaKaB 3aK0H o KaMaTaaia hhjg 

TaKO HCTO IlOTGKaO M3 M p a il H H X II GKOHOMHHX MoTMBa ? 3ap 

je OH Mafte iipHHyAHe upnpOAe ho onaj APyra ? HeAOC^eAHocT 

je fl,i\KAG Ca CBMM OMOBHAHa. 

OcMM Tora, no CaBHH,MJeBOJ B./iacTHT0J, rope Beh pay^oatenoj 
DOpMyAH ij H h y H n c T a H K y iipana, KaA ce ona iipaBiijiuo 



74 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CIMH 3AK0HA 

H y CBoMe HCTMHCKOM odllMJ CXBclTH, Taj CG 3clK0H JyCTHHlljaHOB 

TaKO^e npaBAa. IHto Tora yBa^Kenora iipaBHor nacua y obomg 
c;iyqajy uyHH, to je to, hito ce HHTepec ear Kajiaxa na 
•3ajaM MOHie n A^^e jom yroBapaTM, Aaoe My saKOH o Aouynrre- 
Hoj Mepu n^iJi KOAHqHHu le KaMaie iisoeAa Kao saKon o Ba^K- 
HOCTH HeKora uo ee6M AonymTenora nocAa h ^qah, Aaoe Kao 
3aK0H II p H 6 a B A a H. y npaBa. Hy n aKO npaBO, Aa ce HHTepec 
Mo/Ke yroBapaTH, h Aaibe jom hoctojh h ocTaje y BamHOCTH, to 
je HnaK to npaBO, a a ce BHme oa6 ho cto ysHMa, 
itao TaKBO nponaAO. To OApeijeno npaso' y onniTe ne ho- 
ctojh BHine. H npeMa Tone Mopa ynpano Aa ce Ka^e, Aa ce 
Taj 3aK0H HHTepecy npn npaBH^Hosie cxsaTaay ©opjiyAe THqe 
6Htia H oucTaHKa npana, a He caaio anxoeora npH6aB.iiaH)a, 
Beii H HO TOMe AaK^ie HAe no caioj GaEHftHJeeoj TeopHJH Meljy 
one 3aK0He, kojh ce OAMax na CBe upaBHe oAHoniaje HenocpeAHO 
npHMeH,yjy. 

3. HacjieAHO npaBO. A. TecTaienaT. TecTame- 
Har caAP^Kn y cedn neKV nsjasy BO.Le, Koja tqk ca cuptiy TecTa- 
TopoBOM A0<5HJa CBoj HOTHyHH yqHHaK. IIo HiTO naK BpeMe, KaA 
je TecTaMenaT HaqHH,eH h Bpeie cMpTs saBeniTaoqeBe Moae 6hth 
BeoMa yAa^LeHO jeAHO oa Apyrora, to OHAa y Tome Mei)yBpeMeHy 
Moate jiaKO Aa ce AoroAH npoiena y 3aK0H0AaBCTBy o TecTa- 
MoHTHMa, H OHAa je BeoMa BavKHO Aa ce 3Ha, ho kojhm Ke ce 

IIpaUHHM llpaBU^HMll TH pUSHH MOMOHTH HpH TOCTaMeHTapHOMe Ha- 

c^eljy iipecyl)HBaTH. 

UIto ce THqe h p e t h o c t a u a k a 3a HynoBaatny M3JaBy 
noc;ieAH.e boao, to ce th iipeTHOCTaBH,H cacToje oa mgcth y Avm- 
Hoj chocouhocth H3BccHora ^Hua 3a TaKBy H3JaBy CBOJe no- 
cAOAiLo Bo.i.e, a sa'THM y OApaiaBau>y h HCHy^aBafty npoHHcaHe 



' I'aayjie ce, a^i '•» mi mii.io hc Meii.a cxuap, iiiro jo y tomg cjyiajy 
o/vpel;eHa HCica it uaiiTMr ariinua rpaiiiiua, iia Kojoj ce KitajiHxa- 
TH una oiii)e,\(;AeiiocT iipaiia Jieita, re co inrrepec lun KaMaxa iipoxuapa 
y Kamuap.iyK h yiiixitapcnio. 



TEOPMJA O nOBPATIIOJ CII.UI 3A.K0;i.\ 75 

(topMC. OuiiMHo ce OA cTpiiHe iipaBHumtiix iiuciiii,a nocTaB;ta 
npaBPLio, Aa ce o CBnaia tmm npexnocTaBLtiiMa, KaKO uito ce Tiiqe 
AimRQ enoco^HOCTM saBeiuTaoyeBe TaKo h <i>opMe TccraMeHTa, jKjpa 
yBeK cyAHTii no ohum 3aK0Hiiiia, koju cy y Bpejie iiucranKa 're 
HsjaBe B^ia^a^iH'. 

Mh H y OBOMe i^jMe^y Mopaiio y Heico^HKO a* ce oabo- 
JMMO OA Tora MHinjBeifca, jep aPJKMmo a^ je ly Ba^a^o HSBecHe 
pas^HKe qiiHHTH a He nocraBUTH to npaBH,ao TaKo y onuiie h 
6e3 HsyseTKa 3a CBe pa3He c^yqajeBe. Ilpe cBera Ty Mory, ttito 
ee TH^e caMe $ o p m e TecTaMeHTa, a^i ce pas^HKyjy obh cjiyqa- 
jeBH : KaA hobh 3aK0H yBOAH 'reme a Bete $opMa.aHoeTH, ho 
niTO cy 6Hiie no ohomo saKony, KaA j6 TecraMenaT npaB^en, oHAa 
o^eBHAHo TecTaMGHaT ocraje y BaaiHocTH, caMO aito OAroBapa ohoj 
<i)opMH, Koja je 3aK0H0M y BpeMe aeroBora norraHKa npoHHcaHa 
6]iAii. Oh ocraje y BasKHocm, jep oh npeAcraBiba HHAHBDAya^Hy 
paAH.y, qiije 6h yHimiTeH.e dn^a neonpaBAana noBpaiHa coa. 
Aah caA 3aMHCiLHM0 APyrn c^yqaj , j\,ii je neKH Tec'rajieHaT y 
BpeMe CBora npaB-teaa 6ho HeBajKaH c Tora, hito nncy laAa- 
HiftHM 311K0H0M npoHHcaHo 'j)opjicUHocTH HOTHyHO HcnyfteHe, a^H 
AOU,HHJH 3aK0H o^aKHiaBa TO tjopia^HocTH, H HO H>eMy Taj npe- 
l^amftH TecTaienaT thm HpoHHcaHHM $opMaiiHuCTHMa OAroBapa, a^ 
AE OH caA H a K H a A fl Moate k o h b a a e c i^ a p a t h t. j. a'j- 
6htii npaBHy BaatnooT h TBptjy, KaA 3aBemTa^ai^ noA BiiaAOM Tora 
3aK0Ha yMpe ? IIo HaHOMenyTOMe npaBH^iy npaBHiix ayTopa"'' oh 
Ty npaBHy BaaiHocT naKnaAHO He 6h hh y TaKBOMe c^yiajy mo- 
rao AO^HTH, a no nauieia Mnnijtefty oh H>y Moaie h Tpeoa 
A a AO^HJe. Ty Tpe6a npe cnera yseTH y odsup caMy npaBHy 
npnpoAy TesTaienaTa. IIo ihto TecTaaienaT n npn ncnyfte^y CBiijy 
4>opMaAH0CTH npcACTaB^a xaKaB npaBHH aKT, kojh ce Mose oa 



' ]]. Suvigny, Syst. d. heut. rom. R. VIII. CTp. 462. - Unger, Sys- 
tem etc. I. CTp. 143. — R. Schmid, D. Ilerischaft d. Gesetze n. ihr. 
riiura'. u. zeitl. Grenzeii. cip. 112 144. ii AP- 
■^ A n 110 xyjuiHefrv S-,a 7. Hauiera rpaljaucKor aiucomiKa oa 22. am'. 1844. 



76 TEOPHJA O IlOBPATHOJ CH.lH 3AK0HA 

crpaHe 3;iBeinTaoua y ceaKO Aoua n3MeHH'm n onosBara, h^iio 
TOMe HHJe 3a saBemraoua hckh aKT oa cxa^iHe h HenpoMeHJtHBe 
o6Be3HocTH, TO oHAa saKOHOM 3a TecTaieHTe nponHcane ^opaiaA- 
HOCTH He Mory HHiuiAa HMara to 3HaqeH,e, a^ ^y iipoimcaHe 
3a ycTaHi»B.teH>e Heiie CTa./iHo h TpaJHo ooBesne bo.lg, Hero 
HMajy caMO to 3Haqefte, a^ ce 3aK0H0M y onrnxe Tpaate Kao 
A K a 3 xd uocTOJH OAMGTa HOKa sdiACKa Bo^a. Ha KaA cy to 
TaKBe <i)op5KaH0CTH paAH A0Ka3a n OBepee^a, OHAa hob 3aK0H y 
Bpeue cMpTii, KOJH Hx oAaKfflaBa, hm.i h Ha h.ux CBaiaiKo yxii- 
uajii H yinHKa. i\o cMpTn saneaiTaoqeBe H,eroBa BOiba ocTaje 
yBOK T. H. HaTypa^na, Koja je wmeRE HenpecTano hoa^o- 
atna. Teii ca CMpKy TecTaTopoBOM oHa ce cnadAena h 3aoAeBa 
i;hbh^ihom npaBHOM H3HyAH0M CH^OM. A A^^ -^^ j6 Heita naTy- 
pajiH;i BOjLa jacHO, HecyMH,nBO h aobojLho osdHAHO odeAOAaftena 
H Hcuii3aHa, TO je HHTaH,e, na Koje ce y HeraTHBHoai cmhcav 
MOJKe oAroBopHTM caMo 110 OHoMe 3aK0Hy, KOJH BajKH y Toaie 
TpenyTKy, KaA HaTypa^Ha Bojba to cBOJeTBo u,HBHAHe HsnyAne 
BOjte Bajba Aa AoCu^e. Ako je caio Ta naxypa^iHa BOjta y t o i e 
MOSieHTy, KaA 'I'o Tpe6a a^i ^JA^; ho saKony kojh B^aAa ao- 

B jL H 3 6 H A H a M H C y M H> H B a, OHAa HapaBHO HHlUTa HHJe 

paBHOAyiHHMJe, HO lUTO cy TOie npetjauiftH 3aK0H0AaB^H ii 3a- 
KOHu jipDiii^HX Bpejiena mhc^h^h h onpeAejbMBajiH. 

A Ail je TO aoOh^o U3pa3a n y npaKTflqHOMe 3aK0H0AaB- 
CTBy, TO Hasi cBeAOMH u. np. §.17 yBOAa iipycKora ^Aa.HA- 
pexTa", KOJH Be;in : „iqiel)aiiiiLa AeAa, Koja oh soor neAOCTaTKa 
<l>OpM;ljlH0CTH HO CTapUJHlll 3aK0HHMa HOBaffiHa 6HAa, HMajy HpaBHy 
BaatHocT, ca.Mo aK(» co koa h>hx na^iase one «i»opMa.iHOCTfl, KOJe 
ce Ti)a;Ko no hoijhm 3aK0HHMa H T. A-"- Ho Ha3opy HOBHJera 
3aKoHoAaBii,a, Hi/ caAiuiiiboj HpaBHOj cBecTH AaK^ie h ihto ce THqe 
caMC yAOCHocTH TpajKO ce h AoBo^ne cy .laKnic, MaH>e <i'OpMa./i- 
HocTii Aa MaHH'i'OCTyjy HOCTojaite Hpane, HCTHHCKe, cMHuiAene 
BoAc. I [a M y CiaACHCKOMe saKOHOAaBCTBy Ha^a3HM0 to hcto 
uno H y ii[»ycK0Jie; y Hyo.MK;iuHOHOM naTOHTy, kojhm je code 



TEOPIIJA O nOBPATIIOJ CH^H 3AKOIIA 77 

Napoldon Kao 'imuMvm saitOHHK yseAeii aa Ca^eHCKy, Kasano 
je y § 11. 6p. ;?, Kaiw h ohh TCCTaMenTH, kojh cy iipe Tora 
saKOHa iipaBAGHn, Ba.i,a /i,a iimajy iiiiaiuiy uaiKHOCT, ii to hg caMo 
aKo OAroBapajy crapoj :^aKOncKoj .I'OpMn „Her() h oHAa, aKO 6ii 
THM 3aKonuMa ii c T H H a II M a ^ ii ii e k n n e a o c t a t a k , a;iH 
KOJH no oBoaie saKOHHKy n p c c t a j e rl ii t ii ii e a o c t a t a k, 
no iBTO 3 a K H A a B a n Kao h c y a h j <i c iipaBOM iipcrno- 
craB/hajy Aa je aaBeraxa^iaiii x'reo, j^a ce itoroBa BOAa y CBaKOJ 
$opMH, y Kojoj je TO no saitony MoryiiHO, oApntu". y pewnMa 
„Kao H cyAHJa" Beoma je npaBu^no npuanaTO, j[a Tora paAH hb 
6h nn Tpe6a^a napogHxa saKOHOAaBna napeA^a, He <jh je h 6e3 
TaKBe napeA^e morao caM cyAHJa h3 caMBx npaBHHX na^e^a h 
npaBHe npnpoAe TecTajienTa H3BecTH. 

TaKO Betnna niicau,a Ty CTBap pemaBa h to oHAa snaiH, 
Aa jeAan TecTamenaT, npn Koie saBemia^an, hhjb HMao cnoco6- 
HOCT 3a npaBHe nociiOBe, KaA ra je npanno, ne MoaRe hh j\,o- 
H,HHJe AofinTH npasny BaatnocT, n aKO je Meljy thm hob 3aK0H 
H3Hfflao, no KOMe 6e TecTaTop naiao enoco6HoeT 3a npaBHe no- 
CAOBe 6nm n y oho BpeMe, KaA je TecTaMenaT npaBAen, n Ma 
Aa Taj 3aBemTa^an yinpe iioa B^aAOM Tora noBor saKona. KaA 
3aBeraTaviaii, yiwnpe noA B^aAOM HOBora 3aK0Ha, n KaA no tomb 
3aK0Hy OH ne 6e 6ho necnoeodan 3a npasjiefte TecTaMenTa, oHAa 
3a HiTo Aa Taj fteroB TBCTainenaT ne AO^^nje upaBny sa^HocT? 
OAHCTa TO ce nnTaH,e n caMo naMete. KaA cb h36.m^6 yssiB 
y o63Hp npnpoAa TacTaMBHTa, OHAa te ce bhabth, a^ je TBCTa- 
MBHaT neKH totob h 3aBpmeH npannn aKT, kojh OApeljyje, nrra 
iiB 6hth no BOA-n 3aBeraTaoMeBoj ca H,eroBHM nMaH.eM noc^e ae- 
roBB cMpTH. Taj aKT je Bet no ceon oAMax oApel^eu a^ Ae^yje, 
^my to nnniTa ne cieTa, ihto Taj yqimaK no nojbn saBBfflTa- 
OTIBBOJ TBK no fteroBoj cMpTH Baiba A''^ HacTane. Hy ochm Tora 
BpeMena Ae^ioBaaa, 3aBeniTajai; cedn saApaiaBa n iipaBO HSMene 
Tora CBora HapBljeaa h tb cbojb noc^eAH>B boab Af> caMora Tpe- 
HyTKa CMpTH. TecTaMenaT AaK^iB caMO AO^aasn ji,o CBora yMHHKa, 



/» TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AKOHA 

Ka^ ce He ono30Be. Ho rnxo to onuSHsaite Moate A'I ^yA6 AO 
noc;ieAH>erii A^^xa, to ce oH^a caipT 6e3 Tora onosHBaita Mo^e 
cMaTpaTU Kao aKT noTBp^e y noc^e^iteM TpenyTKy, Kao neKa 
KOH'i'iipswmiija TecTasieHTa. H3 Tora nocMaTpaH.a no ceuH ns^aae 
OBO KOHceKBCHiijije : 4a ce TOCTaMeHRT niTo ce iteroBe * p m e 
Tiiqe npecyljyje no ohomo saKony, no/i, iinjoM je BjaAOM npa- 
B.teH. y TOMe B.ia^a noTnyna cyr^iacHocT leliy CBHMa nncu,EMa, 
H TO je ca CBHM ocHOBano. 

Ajh niTo ce TH^e APyrora nnTafta xoie, KaKo ctojh 
CTBap, aKo je saneniTajiai^ no noBOMe saKony ao6ho choco^hoct 
3a npaBAefte TecTaMenTa, Koja My je no CTapoMe saKony ne- 
AOCTaja^a — ^a ^n y TaKBOMe c^iyqajy TecxaMenaT Moate na- 
KHaAHo Aa Ao6nje npanny BajKnocT n y^HHaK, y TOMe nHTaity mh 
MopaMO OA netiHHe snaTnnx npaBnnKa Aa ce oabojhmo, h to M3 
OBHX pa3jiora : 3aK0H, eojh c a a ;» B^a Aa h noA kojum TOCTa- 
Top yjinpe, ne npnsnaje BHiue necnoco^HOCT Tora aaneuiTa- 
oii,a 3a npaB.i.eH.e TecTaMOHTa, a^kaq ne npnsnaje hh neBaatHOCT 
Tec'iaMeHTa. Ha n])0TflB, on Tora 3aBeniTaou,a ciaTpa Kao noT- 
nyno cnoco^na npesia caAamftei c'xBaTaay onniTe npaBne cBecTH 
HapoAHe. Ha liaKo TOCTaMenaT TeK cipKy AO*^HJa CBOjy Baai- 
HOCT H CBOJ y^HHaK, TO TH H.eroBH npaBHH yqHHu,H nuA B^aAOM 
CTapora saKona nncy momh join nn Aa nacTany nn fl,'<^ ce nojane, 
jep je OH TaKaB aKT, kojh je y caMOM no^exKy 3a to oApet^en, 
Aa 6yAe HeouBe3aH n Henper/rano e^aomqe nsMenn h ono3HBaH.y 
CBG AOT^ie, AOKae CMphy saBeiUTao^ieBOM ne ji,o6iije CBOJy no- 
TBPAy- A'iK.ie ce cnocodnocT 3aBeraTaoqeBa 3a npaB.tefte TOCTa- 
MeHTa n BaaiHocT caMora TecTaMeHTa npeiia Toj cnocoCinocTn Mopa 
npecyljHBaTH no hobomo 3aK0Hy, hoa kojhm je TecTaTop yMpi.o'. 
AaK;ie TCCTaMonaT, kojit ho CTapoMo 3aK0Hy 3«1or 3aK0H0M oa- 

' TaKO je napniHTo oiippAe^Puo y iipycKOM rpat). aaKOHHKy (Preussi- 
sclios Landrcclit) § 13.— Ham co rpat). 3:ikohhk fy TyMaieay §-a 7.) 
y TOMC iia iipoTiii! iiacjjan.a ua weAiiiiiTC aycxpiijcKora rpal^. aaKoiiHKa, 
i;<ije Je iiporiinnd ouome y iipycKOMO ^.laiiApexry*. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.III 3AK0HA 79 

peljene HecnocoCtHocm TecniTopoBe hmjg Biiatno, ca^ noA hobhm 
3I1K0H0M ojKHBjLyje, AOAUM ^0 npiiBHora yqiTHKa, jep y Tpe- 
flyTKy, KJiA ce oh CMphy iiohobo ii()TBp!)yje, xecTaTop je f»HO 
uo HOBOMe 3aK0Hy ciioco(»aH'. 

OciiM Te cnocodHocTH TecTaTopoBG 3a npaB;i,eH>e TecraMenTa 
H ocHM $opMe TecraMeHTa, jom Moaie ^a nacTane niiTaihe o y h y- 
Tpamihoj ca/],pHtnHH TOCTaMeHTa, oa ra je p.aBOiHTJUiin iki.i, 
iipeljamitHM aaKOHOM iipaBHo, a noA B^aAOM iTimeiteHora HOBor 3a- 
KOHii yMpe. y ynyrpanifty caApatirny TecraMeHTa yjia3H nHTaH>e 
cnoeodflocTn nacjieAHHKa h ^eraTapa, o 3aK0HHT0Me a^a^, o 
HCK.tyqefty h3 Hac^ieACTBa, o cyncTHTyi^njaMa h t. a- ^ tomg no- 
MBAy B^aAa^ noTnyna cyMacHOCT m\)y mic]i}im, a^ ee cBa Ta hh- 
TaH,a npecytjyjy no oHoie saKony, hoa ynjoM je B^iaAOM TecxaTop 
ysipbo, 6e3 odsHpa Ha onaj saKOH, KaA je TecTaMenT npaBJLen'. 

B. Hac;iel)e no saKony (ab intestate). To ce 3aK0- 
hhtu Hacaei^e ynpaB.ta y cBaKOMe cayiiajy no ohomb 3aK0Hy, KaA 
Hac^ieAHHUH Baj.a aji ra AO^njy, n aKO je onaj, MHJe ce HMaH,e 
HacAei^yje, MoaJAi^ npe Tora 3aK0Ha yMpto. To je c Tora, hito 
Hac.iel)e no 3aK0Hy hao Met)y npasna oqeKHBaH.a (attentes, ex- 
pectatives), a nnje join HHKaKBo cTe^ieHo npaso aotaq, j],okag 
ce Hac.aeAHHi],HMa no 3aK0Hy ne nonyAH, niTo xeK Moate a^i ^yA^ 
nocAe cMpTH onora, MHJe ce HMa^e Hacielfiyje. 

4. n p A H q H n p a B 0. A. B p a K. EnTaite, fl,'d a\{ je 
HeKH 6paK nyHOBaatflo saKiLynen, yseK ce npecyljyje no 3aK0HHMa 
OHora BpemeHa, KaA cy H3BecHa a^i[r y 6paK CTynn^ia. Y Tone 
HHTaay hob 3aK0H ne MoiKe niaiH iioBpaTne cn^ie. Ha npoTHB 
o6ww MyatOBAe B^iacTn npomnpyje ce eae ce cyjKaBa ca 



' To MiinijLeH.e Hapo^iiTo aacTyim.jy: F. Lassalle, Syst. der erworb. 

Rechte I. cxp. 484 ii AHJbe. — M our Ion, Rep. ocr. sur 1. prem. ex. 

de code Napoleon I. CTp. 50. 
2 To je M y nameM rpa^. saKOHiiKy (ua HanoAeiioM jiecTy) ca ciuim 

KopeKTHO cxBateHO H oApeljeHO, h y xojie cc ou pas.iHKyje oa aycxpaj- 

CKora rpal;. saKoaiiKa. 



80 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.1H 3AK0HA 

CBaifflM noBHM 3aK0H0M, jep jp rocnoAapcTBO Myma HaA acenoM 
neniTo. iirro m caMora 3aK0Ha ncTiiqe Kao onniTe cbojctbo ; ochm 
Tora, TO je rocnoAapcTBo noKa Mopa^iH,) , caMo tgk y npaBHy 
4>opMy ouY'ieiia p.jiacT, ii no tomg Ty A<>^HJa BajKHocT h oho iipa- 
BHJO, j\n oHii :?aKOHiT, KoJH onpeAeJtyjy neKa iipaBMa oj\ bqae- 
Kora Mopa^iHor, no;inTiniKor Km Hapo/i,Ho-npiiBpe;T,nor snaneiLa, 
VBeK ce 0;T,Max 6e3ycjOBHO npRMeH.yjy. 

llHTan.a pas BO Ay ^paKa Beli cmo rope bhagih, a^ 
ce yBOK iipocyljyjy no noBome saKony, ne ysuMajyliH y o63Hp 
npel)aniH>H 3aK0H, noA kojhm je flpait 3aK;i>y^eH. Pa3^ore cmo Bet 
rope HanoMeHy^H. Ha npoTHB nuTaite o HMOBHOMe npasy 6paq- 
HOM, yBBK ce npecyt)yje no ohomg 3aK0Hy, K.aA je 6paK saKj^yiien. 

B. ^ H H c K a B ./I a c T. II o c t a n a k oqHHCKe B./iacTH ny- 
TCM poi)eH,a, ycBojeH>a n x. a- pemaBa ce Ba3Aa no ohhm 3aK0- 
HHMa, noA ^injoM cy ce B^iaAOM AoroAMe one ^HH,eHHU,e, Koje 
nocxanaK oqnncKe BjiacxH yc^OBjLaBajy. A mxo ce o6HMa 
oqnHCKG BjiacTH THMe, OH CO ynpaBjfca yseK no ohhm saKOHHia, 
KoJH y xo BpoMo BiiaAajy. A xaKo hcxo nixo ce xHqe npasa 
poAHxejLCKHX na HMaae cBoje Aen,e. Ta cy iipasa nenocpeAHH 
H3^nB caMora, 3aK0Ha., kojh npanne oAHomaje H3Mel)y poAHxejLa 
H AGne no HsnecnnM Mopa^iHHM Haqe^HMa pery^inme, c xora xa 
iil)aBa ca xnM :!aKOHOM cxoje n naAajy. TaKO h. np. aKO hokh 
noBH 3aKon ynoAe poAHxe.T,CKo npano n;iOAoyffiHBaH>a, h^h aKo to 
iipano yKHHo, n.in ra npocrnpo na AY^^e H;in Kpalio Bpeie, OHAa 
ce JLeroBH oni)OAo.T,aJH oammx npHMoftyjy, h xo h mxo ce onora 
AO.iiHJer iniaii.a thmo, itoje je jom npe xora saKona nocTOJaJio. 

r.. T yxiipcT I! (). Cnn hobh 3aK0HH, kojh njianny npn- 
poAy TyT(ii)CTHa mnion.yjy, niniMen.yjy ce OAMax na CBa xyxop- 
cxBa, Koja Boii nocxoje, a na npoxHR ohh saKonn, kojh ce xnqy 
nocxaHKa xyxopcxna, npHMOii.yjy co caMo Ha ona xyxopcxBa, Eoja 
Jie xeit A" nocTany hoa hobhm 3aK,0H0M. 

5. <[> <• ]> M ;i II |) ;i H u w X 11 u c .1 B a. OopMa CG npaBHHX 
iioc^dBii yuoit npocyljyje ii<> (•iiii 3,iK0HHMa, iioa KojuMa je H3- 



TEOPIIJA O IIOBI'ATIIOJ Cll.lll SAKOIIA 8 I 

BecaH npiiBHH nocao yqHfteH h cBpinen (tempus regit rtctuiii). 
Ako je ^aiLie neKii npaBHii nocao yqniteH no <i'OpMn, Kojy ct.i- 
puJH 3aK0H npomicyje, OH/i,a oh ocTjije y BajKHocTH, n aito neixH 
HOB 3aK0H HBKe ,T,pyre oh pasHOBpcHHJo, MHoroopojHHJe <i»opMa;i- 
HOCTH 3a Tiij ncTH Hocao nponncyje. H y Tome ooaupy nir Miuo 
ce He oe^a na to, ^a ah je aothmho .iHu,e hmiuo BpeJiena, a'i 
npaBHH nocao hohoro yqnnH h upeAyaMe no oopMiunocTniia, Koje 
cy HOBHM saKOHOM ifpoHHcaHe. Ako je na iipoxMB npaBHU nocao 
noA CTapnM saKonoM yquH.eH n cBpmeH, ajin 6e3 ohhx HyjKHHX no 
TOMB 3aK0Hy nponneaHMX oopMa^Hocm, 0H,i,a Taj npannn nocao 
ociaje HeBa^aH n hoa B^aAOM HOBora saKOHa, h aEO oh Moat/T,a 
ca CBHM OAi'OBapa ohhm <i)opMaMa, KOJe Taj hobh saKOH TpaaiH h 
nponncyje. JeAHHH je Ty H3y3eTaK, Kao nrro cmo BHAe^an, npn Te- 
CTaieHTHMa, KaA jom 3a asMBOTa 3aBemTaoqeBa hobh 3aK0H nsatie. 

Mh ce OBAe ycTaB^aMo y npeoeAaay h pacnpaBAafty iio- 
jeAHHHX MaBHHX c^iy^iajeBa h3 pa3HHx o6^acTH npana. Beli cmo 
y Te^ajy OBe pacnpaBe HanoMenyAn, k-iko Haia nnje momo ^am 
ynpaBO ao Tora ciaTH, j^a Te CBe nojeAnne c^yqajeBe oiimnpno 
H Hcupnno npoTpeceMo n npeoeAaMo, jep naM 3a to Bet h caM 
npocTop HeAOCTaje; mh cmo ji,nKAe> hokb H3Met)y anx caMo leK y 
K p a t K AOAHpny^M n ^eTHMnqHO nanoieHy^aH. TjiaBHHJe naM 
je 6H4ao, Ai^ caMo oniUTe pyKOBOAHo TeopnjcKo MeAHinTe npo- 
cipaHHJe Ha cpeAy H3HeceMo h o6jacHHMo. A npHHena y noje- 
AHHOCTHMa Mopa ce ocTaBHTH npaKTnqapHMa, kojh ca nojeAQHUM 
npaBHHM CAyqajeBHMa HHajy Mor.ia, 

Hy HnaK KeMo obag jom neniTO nanoMenyTH o tomb, A'^ A^- 
i^HHJH 3aK0H Moaie H cTenena npana, n Beli 3aK.i.yqeHe yroBope 
H ftnxoBe yqHHKe y c a o b h o H3>ieHnTn h pa3opHm, aKO caMo 
Taj saKon o a P ^ Ji ft e thx npana yqHHH 3aBncHHM oa t a k b o r a 
ycaoBa , qnje HcnyH>eH,e jbahho ctojh ao caouoAHe 
bojlb ohhx HHAHBHAya, KOJe Ta npaBa HMajy. 

IIpeMa rope pasBHTOMe noJMy MucyiHMO a^i je jacHO , Aa 
ce HHAHBHAya He Moaie Ty^HTH na n3onaqaBaHje n H3MeHy neKe 

rAACHHK LIV. 6 



82 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CIUII 3AKOHA 

CBOJe paAae, Ha iioBpeAj cBoje GAo6oji,e boag oH^a, Ka^ OAp- 
aiaite le c^o6oAe onei caMO sasHcn oa jeAHne Bene Bojbe. 
Ho mio ce jcaob, koju ce oa iiHAUBKAye ipaatE, caMo y tomb 
cacTujn: Aa CBojy BOJbj nocTaBH ii H3JaBn, oahocho join jeAHOi 
nociaBH H H3JaBH, Ty OHAa Mopa ryuHTaK itenora npaBa, 
Kojn no 3aK0Hy Kao noe;ieAHii,a HeMcnyaeita Tora yc^OBa nacxaje, 
H3uliH Ha cpeAy npocTo Kao B^iacTHTO, CBOjeBOAHo na- 
n y ffl T a H> e c b o r ;i npaBa. a nnKaKO Kao neKa Hacn^ina H3- 
Mena fteHe Bo.te. 

O'ryAa AaK^ie mAum, Aa hobh 3aK0H 6e3 neonpaBAane no- 
BpaTHe cuAe Mi>/Ke nponncain, Aa ce $opMa Bet pannje yqHH,eHHX 
H xaAa ca cbhm nyHOBaatnnx nodOBa H3MeHH, caaio aKo je to 
MoryKno a aKO caMO oa B0.5>e one HHAHBMAye 3aBHCH, Koja hbko 
HpaBO HMa: Moate Aa^Be npouncara, Aa oncTanaK neKora yro- 
BopHora Bel) cTeiieHora npasa 3aBHCH oa n3BpnieH>a H3BecHiix 
•I'upMajiHux paAH>a, Koje caio h jeAHHO 3aBHcn oa Bojte oHora, 
KOJH npaBO HMa ; Aa Moate HaJ3aA hobh 3aK0H AHpHyrn qaK n 
y HonocpeAHy caApatsHy neF.-ura yntBopnora OAHomaja, cauio aKo 
yBeK ocTane npn TOMe, Aa H3MeHa km rydHiaK npaBa Mo^Ke 
jeAHHO M qucTOM Bo.tOM OB^iamtieHora .inn, a a a ce 
c H p e n Ji. 

Ty ce AaKiie n(»Ka3yje, Aa n yroBopoM Kao xaKHM hh- 
KaKo uaiu He Mopa B^iaAaxn caMO onaj 3aK0H, KOJH je y Bpeaie 
aeroBa 3aK.'i>yqeH)a Ba^EHO, Kao niTO o^nqne <i>opMyjie Ka3yjy, 
Hero Aa n npn H,eMy, Kao h y u,e.iOKynHoj c$epH npana, hh- 
mra Apyi'" nnje n3y3eTO oa H3MeHyMBor yiimaja Aounnjnx 3a- 
KoHa , a H ne Tpeoa Aa ce H3y3Me h oqyna, ao caMo nojai 
II 11 AH ini AV a .111 e ('jIoooag Bo.Le. 

KaA nil ce H to CMaTpa.ia Kao HeonpaBAana noBpaTHa CH.ia 
3ai:nii.i, iiFTo ■Aiuum, paAH oApaiaita neb jeAHOM nynoBaatHo H3pe- 
qcHc n nocTaBAone BojLe, TpaaiH jom jcAny ho by aKUHJy BO^e, 
TO nu ce OHAa 3Ba.io OApHnaTH irn:!UTnBHo npano AP^aBe, Aa 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AKOIIA 83 

TpajKH 0/1, flH/],HBM4ye, A^t oaa hguito yqHHH has. Hemio a^a© Kao 
ycAOB H y pasMGHy 3 a r p a t) a h c k y 3 a ui t n t y ii iteHO a h -^ e 
OAP^ii-ifce; n» tomg iipasy APJR'iBa je oea cyMH,e OBAamlieHa, 
Aa y HHTepecy h. np. inxo sete HecyMftMBucTn nocjieAHie boag hju 
cyMacne joAHOo6pa3He <^opMo saiioatHora npaBa m t. a- TpajKH 
jonr noHOBO najaBy no(*JieAH>e boag y HSMeiteHoj (topiiH, hah HOBy 
XHnoTeKapHy HHCKpHni^iijy (snBotjGfte, iipH6eAeaiaBaH,e) h t. ,\. 
M no iHTu ce cbh th saxreBM AP^ase iipa 6;iii/K(>j aHa.iH3H ca- 
CTOJe ynpaeo caMO y H3JaBaMa boag, aukaq HHAHBHAya hito 
ce THqe oApiKaita hah ry6HTKa cbojhx npaBa 3aBHCH jeAHHO oa 
CBoje BAacTHTe Bo.i>e, to OHAa loaie ECTHna y HSBecHHM c^yqaje- 
BHMa, TAG joj 3aK0H TaKaB lepei 6e3 AOBO-Mora pa3Aora naiielie, 
Taj saKOH A^ ^JAG Terodan h pt}iiB, a^iH tgk HHitaKo He Moaie 
6hth roBopa o HeonpaBAanoM noBpaTHOM Kapaoepy laKBora 3a- 
Kona, KOJH HHAHBHAyaAHy BO^y aomh h pasopaea. 

KaA CMO caA TeopHJCKH AOKasa^H oho, hito cmo rope no- 
cxaBHAH H H3 pa3BHTora nojjia o noBpaTHOj ch.ih 3aKOHeKoj h3- 
BGAH, caA je CBUKOJaKO saHHiiymBO, A'^ oap AeTHMnqno h y KpaTKo 
HOMeAaMo y koahko je to H3Bot)eH)e y cajioie eMnnpaqKOi npas- 
HOM MaTepHJa^y 6ap nerAe ji,'')(mAO H3pa3a h HpH3HaH,a. 

KaA 3aMeAaM0 y jeBponcKa 3aK0H0AaBCTBa, natn teJio a^ 
je y npycKoie rpaljaHCKOM 3aK0HHKy (Laiidreclit) y § 16 
yBOAa KasaHo: „Ako Tpe6a camo cnoA,Ha $opMa HGKora no- 
CAa Aa ce H3MeMHH h Taj nponnc Ba^a a^ ce nenyHH npn 
CBHMa nocAOBHia, k o j h c e j o m m o r y h 3 m e h h t h, oHAa Mopa 
3aK0H 3a to AOBOAaH poK Aa OApeAH". ^aoe noA ycAOBOM, Aa 
je Ta H3MeHa HHAHBHAyn jom o a k t h q k h m o r y t a h Aa ce 3a 
TO AOBQjtaH p K OAebyje, npycKH 3aK0H0AaBau y TOMe ne bhau 
HHKaKBy HejnpaBAany noBpaTHy CH^y, KaA 2 caia cno.'bH.a 
$opMa npaBHora nocAa Ba^a npeiia HOBoJie saKOHy Aa ce h3- 
MeHH, H aKO OHa nnaqe jeAHHO ctojh h ynpaB.i>a ce no ohomc 
3aK0Hy, KOJH je y speie nocTanKa Tora npaBHora noe^a BAa- 
Aao. TaKo h. np. y MHornji cAyqajeBeia, y KoJHJia je na Me- 



84 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AKOHA 

CTO AOTaAainitera pHMCKor sajioatHor npasa MeTHyra iipycKa xii- 
noxeKapHa ypeAoa, ^raojeee cy noBepnonH saKOHOM iio.SBaTB ^a 
y OApebeHOM poKV cBOJe Tpaa;uHHe AfUy 3aBecTH y hobg xnno- 
leKapne Kitnre, n hhko y tomg hobom 3aBoi)eHy neKora npe rora 
BeK cieHeHor n nynoBaaiHor npaaa ne bhag neKy HeoiipaBAaHy 
noBiiaTHV ruAj 3aK0Ha. Aae oh TaKBB HeoiipaBAane noBpaiHe 
CH^e OAHCia y nyHOJ Mepn 6hjo, a^ 3;i^oaiHiiM noBepnouHMa to 
3aBut)eH>(> y neKOM OApetiGHuM poKy nnje 6aA0 AonymTeno n;iH 
KaA ini ce H,nxoBO AOcaAamite Bet cieMeHO npaso ne (m OApata^o 
n omybjijIo. u aKO hii 3a yAernaBaibe h.hxobhx Tpaai6HHa npema 

HOBOMe 3aKoHy HHJe HIIKaKaB pOK OCTaB.LeH OHO HAH HM Ta H3- 

MOHa ti'opMe HHJe BHme MoryKHJi oH.ifi. 

Ila Taj je hcth ii|inHi],nn, kojh je y Bet noMeHyTome § 16 
npycKora 3aK0HHKa H3pe^eH, npH3HaT h ohom npn^HKOM, KaA je 
•raj npycKH saKOHHK yBOAen y one ripoBHHi^HJe, Koje ey AOHAe 
f»n.ie nuA <i>panij,ycKnM iipaBOM ; no tomg npasy TecTaMenaT je 
noTOVHO BaaiHO, KaA r^^ J6 3aBemTaiiau, cai naiiHcao n noTHHcao 
(t. h. ()Ji<irpa<i'('KH TecTaMGHT) h.ih je iipeA HOTapoM HaqHaen; na 
uiiaK je npycKH 3aK0H(>AaBau y npe^asHOMe Hapet^eifcy nponn- 
cau, M CBH TH TecTaMeHTH, KOJH cy AOHAe noTuyHO Baatn^H, 
Baate caMO jom 3a roAHuy A^^na , a noc^e Tora Bajta cbh th 
TecTaMeHTH ,\n ce hohobo HaqHHe y ohoj -topMH, Kojy nponncyje 
npycKu 3aK0HiiK, uHaqe ohh ryde BaatHocT h nacTyua Hac^etie 
uo 3aK0Hy ; oa Tora je M3y3eT oho joahho laj c^yiaj, KaA (*e 
M () r A n A K a 3 a t h , x<^ je saBemTaiiau, 3a TpajaH>e n,eAO Te 
r<'AiiiH' AaHa 'i>aKTHqKn cnpeqeH 6ho, a^- cboj TecTajieHaT no- 

lIuBn Ho ;!aKiiHY Ha'iiiiin'. 

Ty cy AaK^e cbh 3axTenH Hainera ropH>er noJMa HOTnyHo 
HcnyH.eHH. 



' Ilii raj jo jicTii npanmiii A06110 nspasa y *paHuycKOMe saKOHOAancxBy 
Kouitcina II ,\()uiiiije ,\iipt^KT()pnje oa r. 1797, Oaui mio ce Tiiie TCCTa- 
Mt'iiaTii. .Mil TO oiiAe ue MOHiOMo oiiuiiipHHJe HanoAHXH. 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ Cll.lU 3AKOHA 85 

Ha TiiKo HCTO H 3HaMeHHTH CTapiijn iipaiJHHFi $paHnycKii 
Mep^eH* jom y luiipoM ciiiiciy iipirinaje oho cxBaTaii.e, uito 
ce or^eAa y seK HaBOAenuM (Hipu.^OAajiiMa npycKora saKoHAaB- 
CTBa H mTO je noc^eAaK naiiiera ropiter pasBHJaiLa TeopiijcKora 
noJMa. Oh b^ih: h aKO yroBopna npiiBa croje BaH B^iaAC h 
o^AacTH AOiiHHJera saKona, imaK npa cBen tom Moaie AouHHJn 
3aK0H „eii subordonner Texercice a telles forinalites, a telles 
diligences, a telles conditions qu'il lui plait, pourvu que ces 
forinalites, ces diligences et ces conditions ne dependent 
point d'ev6nements ou des f;iits strangers a la vo- 
lonte des parties auxquelles elle les impose, ou, en 
d'autres termes, pourvu que ces parties ne puissent imputer 
qu'a leur p r o p r e i n c u r i e la perte qu'elles eprouvent 
par I'omission ou Tinaccomplissement de ces forinalites, de 
ces diligences, de ces conditions". OAncra je Ty TaKo jacHo 
H TaKO npecyAHO HCKasana npasa caApaiima iiojaia o noBpaiHoj 
cwAa saKOHCKoj, caMo je mxeTa mxo je to Mep^ien noroAHO cb »jmi 

npaBHHqKHM laKTOM H HHCTHHKTOM, a HHKaKO HHJe AOI^lilO A'J j^''" 

Hora, cBecHora casHaaa caiora Tor leopHJCKor nojia y H>ero- 
BOM noTuynoM pasBHliy n odmy. 

y OBOie, iHTO CMo Ao caAa pasryieAaAH, 6erae yBeK caMo 
roBop TaKBHM cayqajeBHMa, lAe Kao npn TecTaaieHTy n npn 
XHtiOTeu^, HMa caMo HeKo jeAHOCTpano OBAainteHo A^]\e, Koje 
paAK OAP^afta cBora Beh jeAHOM creieHora npaBa Ba.'ba CBOJy 
BOJbj join jeAHOM j\a. nociaBH h H3JaBH. 

Hy TaKO HCTO Moate hob saKon Aa A^pa h y a b o e t p a h e 
y r B p e, kojh npe aera neii nocTOJe, Moate y i; e.i h h ii h .m 
OA lecTH A a HX yKHHe eae HsaieHH, caMo aKO CBa Ta 
EBMena h Aa-te oApaaaae AOTaqnora yroBopnora npaBa He 3a- 
BHCH HE OA nera APyrora, ao oa neKe BO.iHe paAH^e one 



1 Merlin, Repert. de Jurisprudence s. v. efiFet retroactif, Sect. III. § 
3, Art. 3, -^ 11, T. V, cip. 575. HaBeACHO y Lassalle, Syst. der 
erworb. Rechte, I. cxp. 177 n 178. 



86 TEOPIIJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^llI 3AKOHA 

iiHAUBHAye, Kojoj je ao ca^a to npaso npHna^a^o, arkaq oa 
OB^iamfceHe HflADBUAye. Hetie (mm c ropera a'a bhahmo, KaKO 
je TO BeoMa eaatuo Ha^ie^o, 'iHJe je Heno3HaBaH>e h HecxBa- 
TaH>e noB^aqu.io aa couom TO^HKa norpeiuna peineita o oaho- 
niajy yroBopa npema hobhm saKOHiiMa, AOHCTa Bet npHsnaBaHO 
y caMOMe npaKTHMKOM, doshthbhom npaBHOMe MaTepnja^y. 

yaefceMo r.pe CBera jeAan npniep m pHMCKora npasa. 
y JycTimnjaHoRoj HOse^H 120. „de alienatione et emphy- 
teusi rerum ecclesiastiearuiii" (o OTytjeay h eMMTeysM (Hac^eA- 
HOMe 3aKyny) upKBennx Ao6apa) ca cbhm je jacHO to naqe^o 
npH3HaTo. y ocMoj MaBii TC HOBeiie Kasano je, KaKO Hac.ieAHH 
saKynaij, (eMMTeycTa) neKO upKBene HenoKpeTHocTH, aKo Kpo3 ABe 
roAMHe He luaTn saKynny ueny h^h Ty HenoKpeTHOcT HCKBapn 
II iior(>]iiiia (deteriorem reddat), OHAa Mo;Ke oa cTpane B^iacHiKa 
ii:{ Tora 3aKyna a^ ce HCTHcne h H36auK, h to iia Aa^ BaatH h 
3a one yroBope, kojh cy Bet saKAyieHH 6eae, KaA je 
Taj 3aK0H n3afflao. Obao je HecyMH>HB0 A^paae n HSMeitiiBaifce 
Bet „iiocTojetiix" yroBopHHx OAHoniaja. HacieAHOM ce saKynuy 
iLeroBo Bet cTeqeHo npaBo Ha raj yroBopnii oAHomaj oAysHMa 
3aK0HCKHM iipoiiHCHBafteM Heixora yCjiOBa, KOMe ce oh npn sa- 
K.'tyqeH>y yroBopa hh Hspeqno hh npetyTHO HHJe noABprao. Ha 
uiiaK je TO TedpHJCKH ca CBHM ocHOBaHO c Tora, niTo ce OAp- 
SKiiYbe aeroBora AocaAara^er npasa mhhh saBHCHHM oa HeKHX 
Ae^aa, Koja ca cbhm h jeAHHO ao H.eroBe Bo^e CTOJe. IIo- 
rpeuiHo (m (jviao, kajx 6h ly caA neKo iij^HMeTHo, a^ ypt^AHO 
H.iataH,e 3aKynHe Hene ho 3aBHCH caMo oa BOJbe 3aKynqeBe, ho 
H HA MorytnocTH, oa pacHOiiaraH.a ca HyjKHHJi cpeACTBHJia 3a 
iiAata^e. Ty ce aaivynny Ha./iaate hcko njiatiiH,e, na Koje je oh 
He OB^iaraten, ho o6Be3aH no cBojoj y yroBopy H3paKeHoj boah; 
ocHM Tora Ty My ce He Ha.aajKe, aa HJiata npe ho nrro ce o6- 
Be3ao. 3aK0H A«K^e caMo Tpaa^ir, xa oh ho HOspeAH HeKy co6om 
HO BOAH Ha ce HpHM.i.cHy ouBe3y. A ho oOnqnoMe npaBHOMe cxBa- 
TMH.y YBeK ce y3HMa h Mopa y3eTH, x^ yneK ctojh jgahho ao 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0H.\ 87 

BOJhe HH/i,HBHAye, ^a neKy npHM.teHy ooBesy He noB])«,i,H. 
Ty Mory je/i,HHH nsyse'raK 6htm cyiyqajeBH Behe, neoAOAHBe rii.ie 
(vis major, force majeure), kojh HapaBHo yseK iioMaaiy 06- 
BesaHOMe. 

Ha TaKBo HCTO cxBaiaite h hcth iipimuHn, iirro ra buaiimo 
y TOMe saKOHOAaBHOMe napeiieifcy JycTUHMJaHOBuM , Ha^asiiMO 
n y $paHU,ycKoj jypHCupy/i,eHi^HJH h. np. npH 'ryaiaqeity apr. 
1912 a>paHi],ycKora „Code Napoleon-a". Taj q./iaHaK npoiiMcyje 
^a Aya^HHK HGKe Ha bgihto (in perpetuum.) ycTaHOBAene penre 
Mome fl,ii ce npHHy^H Ha Bpataae KanHiaAa, aKO cBoje o^Be^e 
Kpo3 ABe ro/i,HHe ne HcnyftaBa hae aKo 3aJM0/i,aBi],y ne a^ OHa 
o6e36et}eH,a, Koja cy yroBopoM o6eiiaHa. Eao hito BeK noMeHyra 
JyeTHHHJaHOBa HOBB^a nspeyno Kaaie, a^ je ca cbhm cbg jbaho, 
Aa AE je yroBop Hac^eAHOMe saKyny y npom^ocTH h^ih hoa 
hobhm 3aK0H0M ^MJbjHen , TaKo je hcto •j'panij.ycKo npaBHii- 
HiTBo' Beoia npaBH^iHO h3 came npasHe npHpoAe CTBapn npo- 
Tyiaqn^o h H3Beyio 3aKAyqaK, Aa je noTnyno hcto, a^ ^ je 
Taj yroBop penTH 3aKjLyTieH noA CTapnJHM saKOHOAaBCTBOM, 
Eoje TaKBy odBesy ne na^ia^e Ay^tHHKy, hjh hoa caAamftHM 
saKOHOM, caMo aKO ce to ABoroAHmH,e HenjialiaH,e peHTe aotoah 
HOA B^aAOM „EoAa Hano^eoHa"\ Hy 3a to, hito je y Tosie c.iy- 
qajy c npaBOM TaKo pemeno, a'panuycKH cy npaBHHHH, HaBGAeHH 
H o^ianyTH choahom jeAHaKonitiy, TaKo hcto pemn^H Aa ce ^A. 
1978 Code Napol. kojh nponncyje, Aa OHaj, y injy je KopucT 
H3BecH0M KynoBHOM i^enoM npHdaBJbeHa TeiieeHa penTa ycxano- 
BJLena, nema upaBa Aa caio 3601 H30CTajaH.a n^aiiafta peHTe 
TpaaiH Bpataae KaHHTa^a, Aa ce AaK^e Taj M^an saKOHHKa Mopa 



' H aKO HA. 1912 Cod. Nap. o TOiie HHraxa uapeiHO ae KajKe. 

a To TyMaieae He OAo6paBa h npoTHBHO MHm.*eH.e sacxyna Metjy ocTa- 
MMa Unger, Syst. d. osterr. allg. Privatr. I. cip. 138 upHM. 42. To 
ce KOA yerepa eapaBHO ocHUBa oa TOJie, raio oh nao h CaBHH>ii h aP- 
noJiasH OA Tora onniTera npHumina, Aa hob saKou na iipetjamite yid- 
Bope HHKaAa ne Moa;e a* ce npHiieaH. 



88 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CMAU 3AK0HA 

npnML'Hnxii n na one yroBope o peHXH, kojh cy saK^yqeHH noA 
TaKBHM 3aK(.Hu3i, KOJH JG y rupifceM c.iyqajy noBepHtmy 4 a b a o 
II p a B Ha pacKHAafte yroBopa. TaKo A^KAe 0Ay3effle yroBopno 
cieqeHO iipaBO, Koje je orao h.ih uap momo 6hth nody^a h 
npeTnocTaB-teHH yc^oB xaKBOMe yroBopy peHin, OAyseme ra 
oHOMe ABU,}', OA qHJe c^oooAHe BQjLe OAP^afte Tora npaBa hh- 
KaKO Huje saBHciwo hhth mooo saBHCHTH. PasAHKa je y 06a 
c^yqaja BeoMa jacna n uqnryieAHa. Ha HnaK npaBHHUH 06a c^y- 
qaja jeAHaKo pemflme. A qyAHO je oAHCT,a laKBo norpeiuHo pe- 
meH,e, KaA ce ysiie na yji, j\d je BeK HanoMenyTH npaBHHK 
MepjieH, 6ani c oosnpoM na ly xaqKy ca cbhm je npaBH^HO 
H KiipeKTHO HoroAHO a-opMy^y, H^BOAeiiH je AO^pnai ^ornqKUM 
TaKTuM H3 Beti HaBeAeHura pemefta qiiany 1912 h h3 cbo- 
JHX B^acTHTHX Tope HaBeAeHHX peqH. Oh nnia, Aa ^h ce neKH 
3aK0H, KOJH HOBe ocHOBe 3a pacKHAaae yroBopa yBOAH, loaie 
npHMi'HHTH H Ha HpeljaniHje yroBope? na OAroBapa : „Noii si 
cus causes derivent de fails anterieurs a la loi iiouvelle, 
ou si, lorsqirils sont posterieurs, ils ne dependent pas 
d e la V 1 (I n t e d e la p a r t i e c n t r e 1 a q u e 1 1 e on 
voudrait provoquer la resolution. Oui, si elle derivent de 
faits a la fois posterieurs a la nouvelle loi et depen- 
dens uniqueiuent de la volonte de cette parti e". 
3aiicTa oil ce qoBGK Mopao qyAH'i'H , KaKo je momo ly a* ce 
pasBHJe TaKBO ca cbhm iijtaBii.iHO cxBaTaae, a a^ '^''^ neKHx 40 
roAHHa liCMa n;iiii 1111 naJMaH.era yTHU,aja na neMaqKe, na nn na 
caMB 'I'paHnycKO ayiope H cyAOBe, le a^' hx ysAP^H oa none- 
Kora iiorpt'innor pemeH.n; cnejiy oh ce TOMe Morao qoneK qyAnxn, 
KaA He uH 3Ha(t a;' je y3poK TOMe, ihto to ca cbhm ni)aBH.iHi> 
pas.iHiioiiiiii.c, iiiTo I'ii Mep^ien nocraB^ta XHMa „effets des 
contrats". 11 mw ii-cim je caMora bhiho npoH3BOA neKora xaKO 
pi'Ku .lorHMicnra HurTiiiiiiTa, a ne ctojh hh y KaKBoj CHCieMaT- 
CKHJ ne3u ca li.ei'oniiM (icia^ini cxuaraiLcM noBpaxHe CHiie 3aK0H- 
CKe, Kuje ce cxBaxaibe mxa Buine c^aate ca aomg yooHqajeniiM 



TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.llI 3AKOHA 89 

TeopHJjiMa, Te no ihto oh hg yMe^e iionpaTHy coy j\ii cxBaTH y 
caMoMG H,eHOM nojaiy, Kao noBpeAy iiUAUBjiAya.iHe c^ouoAe uojbe, 
TO je M ropifce pa;MHKOBaifce y toj cbojoj ycaM.ieHocTH Mopa.io 
H3ry()HTH cBoje npaBo MOTHBOBaite h cbojb 3HaieH>e. 

Ms ceera OBora, ihto cmo ca,va nane^n, Mopa ce Boti jacHO 
yBiitjaTH, KaKo ctojh cTBap ca noHeKHM oa CTpane saKona iijin- 

3HaTHM C H B H M a 3 a R 6 H j a H, 6 H (j a p a H, B a ./K H D- 

CTH HSBecHHx yroBopa. Ynrep' Kwme, Kao iriTo cmo 
Bet HaBOAH^H, j\'d ce o npaBHoj BajKHocrii <i6;iHraii^ja ysBK cyAH 
no 3aK0Hy OHora BpeMena, KaA cy Te oo^arai^HJe ii o c t a ji e, 
na nocedHAG hiboah, KaKO ce h. np. o ono3HBiH,y iioK^ona 
Mopa yBGK cyAHTH no ohomb saKony, KaA je yroBop o noKjiony 
saKJtyqeH^ h t. a- Ha nnaK je to MHniAeH,e norpeiuno ; y on- 
mTe ce Ty ne Moaie aoJih fl,o HCTHne nyTei neKe 3a cse c^y^a- 
jese HOCTaBJtene $opMyiie, Ty na npoTHB Bajta qnHHTH HSBecHB 
pa3;iHKe Met^y nojeAnnnM CjiyqajeBBMa. TaKo dam nocednne, mTO 
ce THqe ono3HBaH.a iroK^ona, Bajba qnnHTH pas^HKy mietjy ono- 
3HBaH.a paAH nesaxBa^HOCTH n ono3nBaH>a paAH a^"I1,hhjb pot^Bne 
Aen,e. Ta Asa c^yqaja n ocHOBa nncy hctb npnpoAB. Y jbahomb 
H TO npBOMB ciiyyajy ^nsa ono3HBaK.e paAH neKora oa CTpane 
noK^OHonpHMaon,a yqniteHora no^nor aKTa, y APyroiie c^y- 
qajy naK oho finBa 36or HBKora A'^ra^^j'T-, kojh ce na CTpann 
n K ii H OA a B n. a AoroAHo (Aon,HHJe pot)eH.e Aen,6). Caio y jeA- 
HOMe cneu,iijaiiHOMe c^iyqajy, Kao niTO tiBMo OA^ax bhabth, of)a 
ocHOBa miajy JBAan hcth yqnHaK, h to je npaBHHKB naBB^o a^ 
nx y onmTB cmaTpajy Kao ochobb, ineijy KojnMa neia HHKaKBB 
p:i3.iHKe. OcHM Tora Ba^a h APyry jom Ba.JKHHJy pas^inKy qnHHTH, 
a TO JB : Aa -^h cy ochobu ono3HBafta iipnsHaTH saKonoai y BpeMB 
ciMora 3aKibyqBHor yroBopa h^h cy onn aouhejum hobhjhm 3aK0- 
n M yKHHyTH? ejie ohh o6paTno, y bpbmb saKvtyqeita yroBopa 



Syst. d. (isterr. allg. Privatr. I. CTp. 137. 

TaRO iiCTO peniRBa a Savi^ny. Syst. VIII. crp. !3^. 



90 TEOPUJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^H 3AKOHA 

HHcy 6mh 3aK0H0M npH3HaTii, Te cy tbk hobhm brkohom yBeAemi ? 
IIpaBHnuH cy Bas^a n CKopo 6e3 H.sysexKa ooe Bpcre saKOHCKe 
npojiefle cMaTpa.iff Kao laKBe, Koje noinyHo jeAHaKo ^eJiyjy, n 
TO He caMo y obhm HanoMenyTHM, Hero y CBHMa cjHqHHM c^yqa- 
jeBHMa. A HuaK y MHormi c^iyqajeBHMa pa3.iflBa 6ani Aem,E y 
TOMB, Aa Jin je TO cTapH 3aK0H 6ho, KOJH HeKo npaBo h oB^ia- 
mtsfte Aiije, Koje ce hobhm saKOHOM yKHAa, h^h je, odpaxno, to 
OBjamiieH.e tbk hobhm saKOHOM yseAeHo. 

X'd BHAHMo Aaoe Te noMenyxe ocHOBe onosHBaaa npeia 
THM pa3^HKaMa. Ako cy th ochobh npHsnaTH 3aK0H0M, kojh je 
B-ia^ao y Bpesie uocTaHKa yroBopa o noK.aoHy, OHAa ohh ag- 
wiyjy Kao npeJiyTHa npeAOxpana (orpaAa) OHora, kojh no- 
K.iaH>a, H Ty je OHAa noTnyno CBe jeAHo, Aa am. to ono3HBaH>e 
(jHBa 36or HesaxBa^HocTH h.ih 36or Aon,HHJe pot)eHe Aen,e. Y o6a 
Cjiyqaja noK^OHOAaBai^ je thm saEOHCKHM onpeAeAajeM, kojh Kao 
npetyTHH ycjoB ja-am y yroBop, ce6H sa-AP^ao npaBO ohosh- 
Bafta, H noKJOHonpHMa;iau, ce TOMe noABprao. IIoK^ioHOAaBan, je 
noK^oHHo caMo ca oosnpoM na Ty MoryhnocT oii03HBaH>a, aKO 
6a My ce Aei^a AOH,HHJe poAH^a hjh He3axBaviHoeT n0Ka3a;ia. 
Oh je oap Morao joahho c o63HpoM na Ty 3aK0H0M npH3HaTy 
rapaHTHJy hokaoh yqnHHTH, nnaqe ra MoatAa He 6h HHKaKo yqn- 
HHo H;in 6n to APYK^HJe yAecHO h yroAHO. KaKo oh A^Kjie Mory- 
hin dn.io OAyseTH My Te saKoncKe npeAoxpane h rapaHTHJe, a 
Aa ce THMB caMo aeroBo boaho ji,eAo ne H3onaqH h He H3MeHH, 
AaK^ie Aa ce iipnana nospaTHa CH^a, Koja boah HacHAe qnHH ? 

Aah j(3 Apyra cTBap aKO onaj saKOH , kojh je BaatHO y 
BpeMO HocTaHKa Tora yroBopa o noKjiony, xe ocHone ono3HBaH>a 
HHJo no3HaBa(», h ohh cy tbk hobhm 3aKOH0M yBBAeHH. Ty OHAa 
B<.'li Tpe6a ])a:{^HKo BaTH , Aa ^h ce ono3HBaH>e ocHHBa Ha 
A<>HHHJe po},eHoj AeuH ii.iii iia He3axBajiH0CTH. Y npBOMe c^y- 
Majy HOBH 3aK0H HO M(ia:e HUKaKo nenocpeAHO Aa Ae^yje h Aa 

Ci- IlpHMCHH Ha OHO HoKJlOHO, KOJH Cy JOHI npe ILera JTOBOpeHH. 

lIoKjoHdUpHMaoHy yijHibeH je iioKjIOh, kojh ce HHJe Morao 



TEOPHJA O IIOBPATHOJ ClUH 3AKOHA 



91 



onosBaTH Hn iiopeliH, AnKAe nenopeqaH noK.ioH h oh ra 
je TaKO n p H M E o. J\-d je npn iioooHy 'ra^a no 3aKoHy hocto- 
ja^a M ryliHOCT ono3HHan>a, oh ra MoatAa ne oh HHKaKO npHMHo, 
xe ce He 611 h. up. mjiosRm tomg , ,\n mw TaKBora yBetaH-a 
CBOJe HMOBHHe, Koje ra je momo HaBecTM Ha npoMeny CBora Ha- 
qHHa atHBOTa UAH Ha HanymraH^e haw HSMeny CBoje AOTaAamfte 
paAfte, AOUHHJe iipeiaa oKO^HOCTHJia oyAe npuiiupaH, a^ to, hito 
je AoCin ), oneT BpaiH h THJie Ao^^e y ropn no;io5Kaj ho hito je 
npe Tora nooona 6m. Ty 6h ce Ai^KAe hobhm saKOHOM oMe- 
BHAHO KBapn^a H pasopaBa^a BOiLa oB^aamkeHora jHu.a, a ne 
6h Tome Amy HHKaKO 110 caaioj H-eroBnj boah Ju.rytiHO ohao xa 
OTKAOHD H enpe^H ry6HTaK CBora npaBa ; ly Cu ahka^ oii^a ne- 
oupaBAana noBpaiHa cMa. 

Aae CTBap He CTOJn laKO, KaA ce onosHBaae uoKAona 
ocHHBa Ha HesaxBaAHOCTH (pasyMe ce y koahko ce xa Ae^a ne- 
saxBaviHOCTH AoraVgy noA B^aAOi HOBora saKOHa, a ne iipe 
H,era). Ako noMonoiipeiau ne msae cbojom boaom Aa cnpeqii 
paljaae j\,e]\Q oa cipane noooHOAaBua, to na npoTHB ca cbhm 
3aBHCH OA H,eroBe BOJbe, Aa oa caAa He wevl HHKaKBa Ae^a ne- 
saxBaiiHocTH. na aKO hx oh nnaK yqnHH, oHAa ce oh ho cbojoj 
CJ1060AH0J BOjtH HS^aaie fteiy Bet nosnaTHM nocAOAHUaMa, 
KOJe caAaniftH saKOH ca thm Ae^HMa Besyje, AaK^e ce oh can 
OApeKao Tora, Aa noooH 6yAe Henope^an h Aa ce ne Mo^e 
ono3BaTH. KaA je casio a<> H>era CTaja^o, Aa to otkaohh h Aa 

nOKAOH y BaJKHOCTH OAPJKH — KaKO ce OH OHAA MOme Ty^HTH, 

Aa je HacHibe y^Hfteno aeroBOJ bom h Aa Ty nia neoupaBAaHe 
noBpaTHe cM^e ? niTa my je hobh saKuH OAyseo? Eukaoh can 
no ce6H join aiy HHJe OAyseo — ho caMO My je oAyseo npaBo 
Ha HesaxBayiHOCT. A xaKBO npaBO ne noerojii, a jora naj- 
HaH,e TO Mome (>hxm npaBO c x e ^ e h 0. KaA xote ca cbhm Aa- 
AGKo Aa ce hag, OHAa 6h ce jom naJBHrae Mor.io KasaxH, Aa My je 
OAyaexo saKoncKO oe^amliefte, Aa nsBecna Ae^ia ^hkh. A xaKBO 
ancxpaKTHa 3aK0HCK,a oB^amtiefca , 6am no caMoj onmxe iipn- 



92 TEOPHJA O nOBPATHOJ CH.IH 3AK0HA 

3HaT0J Teopnjii n no CaBnanjeBOJ noeedni^e, 'rpeoa e lory hobhm 

S.-IKuHoM (i^MaX Xi Ce HSMGHe. 

Ca,; jom na Kpajy Mopaiio y onmTe HanoMenyTH h to Ba- 
3tHo npaBH.io, AJ< n y ohhm (viyqajeBHMa, r^e saKOH, 6eao no 
aaKOHO^BBqeBOM Hspe^iHOM Hapel)eH>y un^o no onniTein TeopHJ- 
CKOMe rjieAHmry, Tpe6a j[a. una noBpa/rny (-eaj, ^aK^e x^ ce 
OAMax npHMenn n Ha on,' npaBne OAHomaje, kojh cy jom npe 
H,era nucTa^in, uikik 'ra n(iB]>aTHa cn^ia saKOHCKa Heaia lecxa, 
Aaoe npHMena HOBora saKuna oma^a n naocraje OH^e, r^e je 
HBKa CTBap nopaBHaifceM, ncn^iaTOM raw cy^CKOM m- 
BpniHnM npecy^oM, ^aoe y onmie npaBOBaaKHHM HaqHHOi 
jiemeHa h CBpinena. Ha napHHL,e, Koje cy jom y Teqajy, hob 
ce 3aK0H npuMeftyje o^Max, ochm aKo je ciBiip npBOCTenenHM 
cyAOM Bet peniena h npecytjena, na ca^ ce na^asH npeA ane- 
^auHJoM ; Ty napaBHo ^a anejiai^nja ne Moase npHiieftHBaTH hob 
3aK0H, jep oHa HMa caMo to Aa npecyt^yje, a^ ae je npBocTe- 
neHH cyA AOopo ii npasH^Ho CTBap npecyAHO no onoMe saKony, 
Koju je y TO Bpeaie B^aAao. Hy h Ty MopaMO Kao HsyseTaK 
HanojienyTH, Aa onaj npaBHH OAHomaj, kojh je nopaBHaaeM, 
cyACKOM npecyAOM h t. a- peiuen ir yTBpi}eH, ne eie omth Ta- 
KiiB II 6ani ynpaBo cnaAaTH y ony BpcTy npaBHHX OAHomaja, 
KOJe HoBii liaKOH uam iDia namepy Aa yKHne; pemeae xaKBora 
upaBHor (jAHOniaja nyTeM nopaBHaH,a, iipecyAe h t. a- He Moate 
ra HapaBHo caqyBaTM oa Tora, Aa oh hobhm saKOHOSi ne 6yAe 
yitHHyT. Ako h. n\). oani h caMHM iiopaBnaHieM h cyACKOM npecy- 
AOM oyAe i)eineH(i n vTHpijono, Aa jeAHo ^nue A ApyroJie Amy B 
Ayi'yjt^ AGceTaii oa HOKe seiijbe, to anait Taj 0AH(tmaj Hete moLh 
oiicTaTH, aKO HeKH HOBH 3aK0H cBe Te AeceTKe yKnne. Ty Aaoe 
onoT nai-Tviia (ijiiij nam hcIi rope HanoMeHyTH pasjior, no KOMe 
aiicoAyiaH npHnyAHU saitoH H3BecHo npaBo Kao TaKBO yKHAa. 

Obao liiiMd jnin neniTo A"A;i'ni, paAH o^njRera odjaniH>eH.a 
o TiiM anco.iyTHnM ni»nnyAnuM 3ai;()HHMa, kojh TaKO Baatno 3Ha- 
"icihc iiMajy y oBoj MaiepJijn o noBpaTHoj ch^h 3aK0Ha. Ilpe 



TEOl'llJA O llOBPATHOJ CH.IM 3AKOHA 93 

CBera Mopa ce KaaaTH, ;i.a (J;iBHH.HJeB Bet Buiiie iiyra HaBOAeHH 
nojam aiicojiyTHnx saKoHa HHJe iioniyH h HHJe yTBpl)eH, jep ce 
OH BHine oosiipe na moth Be ii[»h Heicoie ^aKcny (^a ^iii cy 
j\'AKAQ 're no6y,T,e Mopa^ne, iinjiHTHiiKo h t. ,1,. Kitje AesRe saH 
iipaBHe ooiiacTH), ny to je jeAaH 3HaK, kojh cyBMiue cyaiasa 
iKtjaM THX aiicoyiyTHHX 3aK(iHa. ^a 6h ce j\,o Tora noinynora, 
YTBpijeHora nojjia a »iu^o, Mopa ce Kao MaBHa KapaKTepna upTa 
THX anco^yTHHX 3aK0Ha ode^ieatUTH to, iuto ohh anco^yTHo 
n c K A y H y j y c b a k ^, c t y n a h. e n p h b a t h o m b ;l m, 
Bes Tora snaKa mh He Mij^eino A"tiH AO yTspt^eHora noJMa o tum 
saKOHHMa. Jep KaA CaBHftH Kaaee, Aa cy caaio ohh saitoHH anco- 
iiyTHO ijpnHYAHH, KOJH ce ocHHBajy „Ha pa3.i03HMa j an nor 
A 06 pa, ohjIO Aa th paa^osH BHme no^anrnqKH, HjUI nap )Aho- 
npHBpeAHH i\AE aAMUHHCTpaTEBHo-uOj!LHu,HJCKH KapaKTep Ha ce6H 
H)ce", ji,i\KAe nmajy cb ij Kopen ,,BaH npaBHe 06/iacTH". CaBHftH 
TO caio TBpAH, HAE OH He caMO Aa ra He A0Ka3yje, nero HHJe 
HH HOKymao ji,A HOKaaKe, OTKyAa oh ji.0Adm h y qeiy Aemu. 
He MOiKe ce ynpano yBHAeTs, 3a hito (m s.ikohh, kojh h. np, 
n3 eKOHOMHHX pa3J.ora noTHqy, Bety npHH3'AHy CHwiy HJia^H, 
ho 3aK0HH, Kojn y ue.ioKynnoMe HpaBHOM cxBaTaH)y jeAHora na- 
poAa (AaKAe y ^ihcto npaBHOj oitiacTH) Hiajy cBoj H3Bop n no- 
CTanaK, h Ha t> Me ocHOBy HMajy npHHyAHy cnary, Koja CBaKy 
HpHBaTHy BO.ty n AKCH03HU,HJy Hcir.tyiiyje. OAHCTa to pas^Mo- 
Bafte H3Mei)y ^iHCTe npanne o6jiacTn m OHora iuto „BaH npaeHe 
ooiiacTH" .ae^KH ne Mume ce y CBHMa c^yqajeBHMa oAP^aTH u 
He HcupnAyje CTBap. CBaKH je anco-iyTan 3aK0H noTeiao h3 
pa3,iora jaBHora AO^pa ; HHaqe ne 6r 6uao AOBOAHora noBOAa h 
yspoKa, Aa ce HpHBuTHa Bo^a ncK^y^H, m CBaKH 3aK0H kojh 
Ty npHBaTHy Bo.iy MCKjLyyyje, PHiibaHH e nynnM npaBOM pa^iy- 
Hajy y „jus pu1)licuin", y jaBHO npaBO*. JeAHHH e^eMenaT, hito 



^ B. TOMe Jiet/y ocTajHJia: Boecking, Pandekten ties roiii. Privatr. 
I. crp. 132. 



94 TEOPUJA O nOBPATHOJ CH^IH 3AKOHA 

ra CaBHftH hmr Ha yMy, KaA roBops o saKOHnaa, kojh h3 qncTo 
npaBHe u6jiacTii noinqy n Kojn c xora HeJiajy noTnyHo npHHy- 
AHy auco.iyTHy cn.iy, to je e^eMenaT ^lorHqKO-jypHCTnqKH 
(qncTo npaBHH). Xah 6am y tomg le Moate Aa ce yBDAH aobo- 
jbim \yd3A0T, 3a mio hgko npaBu^o, Koje HeKome HapoAHOM Ayxy 
u3MeAa Kao laKBO, KOJe no anco^yTHOj nyaiHOCTii Hcraqe m3 
caMux 3aK(iHa ^loraqKora MHinAen.a, 3a mio 6h TaKae 3aK0H Maite 
upUHyAaH oiio, Hero 3aK0HH Mopa^ne h^h eKOHOMHe caApatHHe. 
PuMAaHH cy TO BGOMa Ao6po ocetawiH a c Tora cy Ba3Aa ohhm 
3aK0HflMa, Kojn n3 Tora ^lornqKH-npaBHHqKora e^eMeflia noTHqy, 
AaBa^H TaKBy ncTy npHHyAHy CHary, Kao Ma komg APyroM 3a- 
KOHy. TaKO h. np. to 6eme oAncTa qncTo npaBHO npaBH^o, a^ 
B.iacHHK HeKo KyLe ne Moaie join 3ace6Ho aoohth na aoj npaBO 
n^OAoyaiHBaita. OfiOMe ce A^'iBJi.ia xa ca CBnii npHnyAna node- 
Aima, AA ce neKn panHJn Jierai n^iOAoyatHBaaa aou,hhjhm npn- 
6aBjLaH>eM cBojnne oa cxpane -leraxapa nonnniTaBa, h to cy ohh 
TaKO qspcTO oAP^aBa^in, A'I KaA je lenn ueKO n^OAoyafflBafte 
Ha HCKdj KytiH A^TO y nme ^eraTa 6e3 ycjiOBa (pure), a ro^ia 
cBoJHHa na Toj Kytn APyrosie jiHU,y no a yc^OBOM (sub con- 
ditione), n ja 3a to speMB, aok jom yciioB nnje ncnyaeH, ripn- 
(jaBUM CBOJHHy, a 3a thm ce yc^OB ncnynn, OHAa to APyro -ini^e 
He A'oUBa caMo rojiy CBOjnny, nero CBoJHHy n n^OAoyaKHBaae na 
TOJ KytiH, jep je Moje iipano n^oAoyaKHBafta npnoaBAaaeM jeAHoM 
BeL Hpona^o, n no Tone A^iK^ie to APyro iiHn,e, no mTo n^oAO- 
yatHBaHje oa cBojnne nnje nnme OABOJeno, AoCinna nyny CBOJnny 
Ha Toj I'THaim. 



Y- Pepuih-r, 



i^AKO 4E./iyjE JO4 HA MOHO M 4HHMTPO- 
4Hct>EHPI^-THJOI^APBAMH4 (mETA). 



OA 



C. yVl, i/loSAHM-KA. 



A. W. Hofmann npen je noKaaao, a^ ce cy;i$OKapuaHu- 
.MA pacnaAa uoa yTHi],ajeM joAa, KaA hx y ajiKOXOjiy pacTBO- 
pene noMemaMO ; npn tomg ce ododalja HemTo cyanopa, a rpaAH 
ce $eHH^-ceHa»y.i)e, ann^HH h TpHteHn^-ryaHHAHH (noc^eAfta ABa 
Kao HJ coah)\ Ja caM na noAouan Ha^HH h3 AHX^iop n AUJo^An- 
$eHE;i-THJ0Kap6aMHAa, noA yrnuajeM joAa, ao6ho x^opne h joahg 
AepHBaxe ropitHX jeAHfteita^ Ana^oro obhm peaKimjaiaa, onpo- 
6ao cam KaKO ce moho h AHHHTpoAH$eeH^-THJOKap6aMHA (Mera) 
noHainajy npema joAy. H y obom c^yqajy AOBpmyje ce peaK- 
i],HJa y MCTOM npaBi],y Kao h rope; obom npii^iHKOM j],o6eo can 
HHTpo-AepHBaTe ropitHX jeARiteita, caMo ne HHTpo$eHii^-ceH(Dy.te, 
Bek H>eroBO jeAHaeae ca a^KOXo^ioM : HHTpo*eHH;i-MOHOTnjoype- 
TaH. Bhah ce, Xd ce h obom npn^HKOM rpaAS HHTpo$eHHji-ceH$- 
yjte, a^H ce oho y hcth Max jeAHHH ca a^Koxo^oM rpaAetn 
ropifcH ypexan. 

BpeiioM a;iKoxo;iHOM pacTBOpy ADHHTpo-AnoeHn^-injoiiap- 
6aMHAa (Me-ra, xonn ce na 160") AOA^iRao caM joAa aok ra HHJe 
6yiA0 y BHuiKy. H3 peaKnpoHe cMeme npeAecxnAHcao caM a^KOxoA 



1 Berichte d. d. chem. Gesell. 1869 roA- 452. 

2 Berichte d. d. chem. Gesell. 1872 roA- 156. 



96 KAKO JE.iy.jr; JO4 ha MOHO H JlimiTPOJlM'EUII.l-TlIJOKAPBAMH,; 

y ci'iiyjn BOAeHe nape, a y o.ianiH je ocTa^ia iKyia TecTacra 
Maca n atyr ROAeH pacTBop. Mb OBor BOAeflor pacTBupa, Ka^ 

Ce OJiaAH, KplICTa.inrae jOAO-BO^dHHMHa CO TpHHIlTpOTpntDOHHil- 

ryaHUAUHa y ue^inM cnTHiiM KpHCTajaMa ; H3 ocraTKa Te^RocTii 
luiK, KaA joj ee Ao^a Ka;iHJyM-XHAP«"i'f, traosle ce iii-HHTpaHn^HH. 
11:^ acyre xecTacre Mace iiSB^aqn Ka;iHJy3i-XHApaT HHTpo^enHA- 
THJoypeTaH, a HepaciBopHH Aeo, npeKpiicTa^ncaH n3 aiiEoxoyia, 

Aaje AUHiiTpoAii'i-eHU^-KapuaMUA. 

OBaKo HCTO caM AejcTBOBao joAOM Ha a^Koxo^HH pacTBop 
m-HHTp(iAiii)eHH^-THJoixap6aMHAa, (loiin ce Ha 155**) n h3 le pe- 
aKi;H.)He csienie oabojho caM (Kao rope) oBa jeAHfteaa : HSTpaHH- 
jiHH, MOH0HHTp()Tpn<i>eHii;i-ryaHHAnH, $eHHyi-ceH«ny.i)e n HUTpoae- 

aUA MDHOTHJOypCTaH. 

Ja ky A'l onnraeii uBAe HOBa jeAHftefta, Koja caM npn obhm 
peaK^IIjaMa ao^ho. 

Ill - H fl T p $ e H H .1 - M H T n j y p e T a H 

OcuM roiJHie peaKU,iije nocTaje n h3 m-HHTpamMnna [uopeA 
CSlXH.CgH^NOJ.,] KyBajytu ra y a^aKa.iHOM (cii;iuo) a^KoxoA- 
HoM pacTBopy ca cyMnopyrAeHHKuM. KpncTa^Hme h3 a./iKoxoAa 
y bcjIUkhm aayruM npHSMaMa, tuhh ce na ll-V, pacxBapa ce 
^aKO y a^KOXOjiy, a y boah ne. A^Ka^uje ra pacTBapajy, OAa- 
oe ra KUceAiiue Ta^owve. AHa.au3e xBpAe ropay <i)opMywiy : 

H A 'E K H O H3PAq5 HATO 

C 47-55 47-79 

li -4-90 4-42 

N 12.77 12-39 

iii-,l, II H II T p A H «!' en H A - K a p u a M II a- OOlNH.CgH^NOJj. 
KpucTajiiiiiie h3 a^iKoxo.ia y oTuopeHo JKyrnM HMnnaMa, tohh 



KAKO AE.iyjE JO4 HA MOHO H 4HnHTl'(J4H.|.EHW.l-Tll,)OKAFr.A.\IH,l, 97 

ce Ha 283°, pacTsapa ce ;iaKO y Bpe^oM a^Koxo^y, y bo/i.h 
He. AHa./iH3a asoia tbpah OBy <i)()pMyjiy : 

H A -B E H O HSPAHyHATO 

A30Ta 18-49 lS-5-i 

111-T p H H H T p <} T p H <!• e H H il - r y a H H A H H 

•KpHCxaiiHrae y m,ymm cjaJHim ^iHCTntiroia, toiih ce na 189°, 
pacTBapa ce y Bpe^iOM aiiKOXo;iy. J KajHJyM-XH^paTy pacTBapa 
ce ca i^pBeHOM 6ojom pacna^ajytin ce. AHa.iH3a a^oia tbpaii 
ropay ^opmy^iy : 

H A X E H HBI'AiyHATO 

AsoTa 19-82 19-90 

m-M OHOHHTpOTpH$eHHjl-rya, HH/I,HH 

EpHCTa^nme h3 a.aK0X0yia y asyTiiM iincTHliHMa, tohh ce na 
159°, pacTBapa ce y a.ziKoxo.ay. AHa.aH3a a30Ta TBp/;fl repay 
$opMy.iy : 

H A X E H H3PAHyHAT0 

Asoia 16-90 16-87 

Brilckner je ao^ho oBaKBo je^Haefte npse KOHcriiTynuje 



h3 in- 



"I^TT n XT "]^A 

CS<,.Tj'^ V^ ' % 0Ay3nMajylin ay cyainop okchaom OAOBa 



NH.CH, 

n 5 



lUACHHK LIV. 



9S KAKO 4E.iyJE JO4 HA MOHO II 4IIHIITP04II*EHH.l-TIIJOKAPBAMH4 

nopGA uHD^uHii*. Oh ne HaBOAH laqKj TonAeaa Tor jeAHfteaa, 
Hn Apyry K"jy •puanqKy oeo^HHy aeroBy, xd 6e ra Morao ca 
OBITM MOJnM yiiopeAHTE. 

H:^ xeMiijrKe jia6opaTopnje Ha Kpa.T>eB. bqa. niKo^ie. 
y BeorpaAy. 



' Hericlite d. d. cheni. Gesell. 1874 roA- 1236. 



O nOCTAJAHby 4HBPOM-4HHMTPO-METAHA 

H BHx/lHJEPOBOM TETPAHMTPO-ETH»/lEH- 

BPOMH4y. 

OA 

C. M. jAo3AUin\A. 



Ja caM caonmTHO a^ o^H^an TpH^poM-aHH^iHH (lonn ce na 
119"), rpejaH ca aaoxHOM KHcejHHoai , iiope^ ocTajiora , A^je 
AH6poM-/i,HHHTpo-MeTaH CBr2(N0.J.^. Tom npn.iHKOM noaieHyo 
cai, fl,n< TO HCTO jeAHfteifce nocraje h h3 6poM-$eHo^a n AHupoi- 
p-TO^yHAHHa (theh ce na 72 — 73"), Ka^ can nx y asoTHOj 
KHcejiHHH KyBao. /l,oii,HHJe caM onaaiao AejCTBo nyin.'bnBe asoTHe 
Knce^HHe na e'm^eH-upoMHA, na caM upHMeino ^a ce h OBaj, 
npn OBOJ peaKi],HJH, npesapa oa ^ecrii y AH6poM-AHHHTpo-Me- 
TaH. H3 OBora ce bhah ^n. mhofh apoiaTnqHH 6poMHAii , •' ^ 
fipoMHAH MacHHX jeAHftBifca Mory j\r npe^y y AH6poM-AnHHTpo- 
MeiaH KaA na h,ii AejcTByje asoTHa KHce^nna. 

Ha Tpn Mecei],a noc^e ny6jiHKai],HJe OBor Mor paAa, caon- 
lUTHo je Villi6rs y napncKOM xeMHCKOM ApyniTBy CBOja ona- 
ataita o AejcTBy iiyniAHBe asoine KHce^HHe na eTHyien-dpoMHA- 
IIpH Toj peaKAHJH ao6ho je iioMesyTH ayKiop jeAHy 3eJTiiH>aBy 
Te^iHOCT, Kojy HHJe Morao oa npHMemaHor HepacraBjteHor bth- 
^eH-6poMHAa ociio6oAHTH ; a;iH je n3 ite h KiunjyM-XHApaTa ao- 
6ho jeAHo eKcn^osHBHo jeAHiteite, Koje oh, npcMa ceojoj aHa;iii3H, 



100 nOCTAJAH^y ahbpom-aiihiitpo-metaha 

CMUTpa Aa je: C,(NOJ,Br^. 2K0H'. Hs OBor KaiiHJyMOBor 
jeAHfteit;!, A^mn Villi^rs, ^a je pasdiiaateHHM KHce^BHajia 
ociouoAuo TeTpaHUTpo-eTH;ieH-6po3iHA C.,(NOJ^Br,_^ ; hae o tom 
jeAnifceH.}' HaeoAn faMo obo : „C'est un liquide instable dont je 
dounerai ultt^rieurement les proprietds". 

H ja caM ao6ho h3 eTH^eH-dpoMMAa h nynxAHBe asoTHe 
KHceJinHe jeAHy 3eJTHH>aBy leqHoeT (naieraaHa ca HepacraBjteHHM 
eriueH-updMnAOM); ho ona HMatjame hctu umpac Kao h moj ah- 
6poM-AUHUTpu-3ieTaH, a ii no ociaviHM oca6HHaMa iioTnyno ce 
ca H>HM caarame. Hs obo 3eJTHH,aBe TeqHOCTM h Ka;iHJyM-xM- 
Apaia Aouuo caM okciuoshbho jeAHH>eH>e, h oho 6effle HAeHraqno 
ca MOJHM Ka^iijyMOBHM AepHBaTOM CBrKfNO^)^ ah^pom-ahhhtpo- 
MOTana. Y obom npenapaxy naniao caji upoMa 35-37o, a <Bop- 
MV^ia saxTOBa 35'S7„. (Yilliers-OBa d'opiy^ia saxxoBa 38'87o). 
H Moj u Bii^njepoB npenapaT OKcniiOAyjy oa 147" ao 150". 
(Villiers hrboah 145"). 11.3 OBor Ka./iHJyMOBor AepflBaia ociio6o- 
AHO caM noMotiy pa36.iaaKeHnx KHce.aHHa AH^poM-AHHHTpoMeTaH. 
/l,a npn OBOMe leit h3 ABa M')jieKH.aa Ka.^HJyMOBor jeAnaeita no- 
craje joAaH Mo.ieKHji AHopoM-AHHH'rpo-MeTaHa, yBnViBHO je H3 
H.HXOBiix "I'opMyiia. Oa HCia, pacTaB.Lajyl)! Ka^iHJyMOBO joAHiteifce 
KHceJUHaMa, A^'^^HJa ce c])a3MepHo Ma.a > AM^poM-AHHiTpo-MeTana, 
a y iicTO Bpeme onaasa ce snaTHo pasBBJaibe raca. 

OiwiM je HninyHo AOKusaHO Aa Villiers-OB TeipaHnTpoeTii- 

.lOH-upuMUA HHIina APyrO HHJe ho moj AHt^POM-AHflHTpo-MeTaH. 

Obiim ripH.aHKOM caMo Ky HanoMenyTH : AejcTBvjyiiH Ka.aH- 
jyM-xjiAp!''i'<"^i iia AHopoM-AiiHiiTpd-nieT.'iH, iiopeA ropH>er eKCUjio- 
:{iiBHor jeAHn.eH>a, iiDcraje y dMaftoj ko.ihmmhh jom jbaho 6e.ao 
j;pHCTa./ino jeAHii.en.o ii])njaTHor Miipiica ; no H.era jora HHcaM 
Aa.i.c npoyinjd. 

HeK(iJiiii;o peAyKHHOHHx onHTa yqunno caM Taiiotje na ah- 

"'•|MiM-,l,IIIIini"i-Mt'T;iliy. -AAW llpll TuMe HO AO'^HX HHKaKaB pOAyK- 



Itiillctin do la socii'tr (•liiiiii([iie ilo Paris XXXVII. 451. 



O llOCTAJAIl.y ,\lir.POM-AUlIllTPO-.MET.\irA MM 

1J,H0HH npOAJKT /l,H6pOM-AHHnTpO-MeTaHa. AMOHHJyM-(',y;i<I>HA (H,S 

H pacTBop Aii^poM-AUHHTpo-MeraHa y a^iKOXOAHOM aMomijaKV) 
pacraB.'ba ra h iipH ToMe ce caB upoM cuBaja Kao iiMemijvM- 
(JpoMHA- ll<>,i. yTHuajeM Ha'rpujyM-aMaAraMa nocraje HaTpnjyMnB 
;T,epHBaT ;i,ii6poM-/i,HHHTpo-MeTaHa, HO Kdju ce He peAyKyjo ji^jb^'. 
y KHce.ioM pacTBopy (Zn h HCl) ne Hacxyna peAVitUHJa ; npH 
TOMe AO^HJa pacTBop soiieHKacTy 6ojy, a^H HaJBeiiii Aen ,\n6\^oii- 
AUHHTpo-MBTaHa ocraje HenpoMeHjOH. — Ca a^K.LiHJaM;! uaq 
aMOHHJaKOM rpejan AH^puM-AMHH'rpo-MeTaH y a^KOXo^HOM ]»a- 
CTBopy OKO 100°, pacnaAa ce OABajajyiiH a^iKajimi m^h iimuhii- 
jyM-upuMHA- 

BeorpaA y HOBemdpy 1S82. Ih xeamjcKe Aa6opaTO]>HJe 
Ha KpajbeB. Be;i. mKC^n. 



AHAxAHSE CPnCI^HX MHHEPAx/lHHX BO4A. 

04 

p. M, jA0 3AliVl'-RA. 



ByKOBHHKa KHcewia BO^a. 

ByKOBnqKy KHce^y BO^y ana^Hcao caM jeAHOM 1874 roA-'. 
Til je aHa^H3a y^iiiteHa Ha boah „CTapor H3Bopa", Kojy mh je, 
Ha Mojy M(iji6y, jeAan loj iipHJaieA nocjao. 3a ly npBy ana- 
4H3y yaeia je BOAa Aoune hoa jecen, a Bpeaie je 6eao KHmo- 
BHTO. KaA caM iipomjie roAHHe 6m na khcb^oj boah, npsKynHO 
caM neKOjiHKO noAa'raKa Toj boah h noneo can boa© oa CBHJy 
BajKHiijux KHce^iHx H3Bopa, Aa nx OBAe aHa.iHineM. Obb aHa.ifl3e 
jiciiYHiik! iipBY y TOMe, rnxo te one noKasaxn m pas^HKy boab 
iiojeAiiHMx u3Bopa. OciiM Tora aa npsy aHa^msy yaexa je BOAa 
A"ii,He iioA jecen, a 3a oBe APyre ana^inse ysexa je BOAa ^eiH, 
y Haj6oAoj ce30HH, 11 xaKo tie me noKasHBaxH CTaH>e BOAe KaAa 
ce HaJBHme yiioipe^jLyje. Boav caM naiOTiHO 23 jy^a 18S1 roA- 
TaAa je i[(iKa3HBao TepiioMeTap 24"0. (y jaAy), a dapoMeiap 
74r)-r> M. M. BpeMe je (niAn iipe Tora jaKO cyrano. 

lia KHce^oj BOAU nocTOJe MeinpH H3Bopa, qHJa ce BOAa 3a 
iiiijeH.e H^iu KyiiaH,e ynoTpe6jbyje. 



' A|ixiiii :)!i ne.ioKvii. jt'KjipcTHO II. 48. 



AHA^HSE CPIICKMX MMHEPA.IHUX BU,1,A 1()3 

1. Kaaaa MHjioma H3Bop, crapii h3bo]» u^h 
AOH>H H3Bop. Aemw y AOftem Ae^y iiapKa ripeA ^ABopueM- 
a y 6^H3iiHH „HOBor KyiuiTiua". TeimiepaTypa OBe Biut,' je 
11"B, — 13*6"C. y jeAHOM ca-ry Aaje boab oko 200 jHiapa. 
BoAa H3BHpe ca racHHM K;iooyij,nMa, uHcrpa je, iiMa iipiijarau 
HaKHceo yKyc. HnJBehH j\eo nyd^HKe imje BOAy ca oBor ii3B()pa. 
HcTO TUKO KHceja BOAa, niTo ce y iMaraaMa OAHorH, Toqn ce 
jeAHHO Ha OBOM H3Bopy. OBa BOAa (crnqe jgahum KanaAOM y 
MaBHH pesepBoap, OAaKjie ce oaboah fflMpKoi y „hobo Kvna- 
TH^o", TAB ce y KaAaaia, napnoM Kynaxn^y n onniTeM AaAHOJi 
KynaTiwy Tpomn. HeMa cyMite Aa caia oBa BOAa Huje y CTiiiby 
Aa cHa^Ae KyiuxTH^io ca aobojlho boag, ca MOra ce MHore nesroAe 
AemaBajy. 4,a noMeneM ji,<^ ce „noraie", cneii,H«i>HKyM OBor ae- 
CTa, Mece ca boaom oBor H3Bopa. 

2. Kftasa Maxan^a nsBop, hobh iisBop hju 
ropH>H 113 BO p. AeiRQ. y ropiteM Ae^y napKa ao ,,CTapor 
Kyna-TH^a". HcEonaH je 1866 roA- Tejinepa'rypa OBe BOAe je 
10.5"R = 13"C. y jeAHOM caiy ncie^e oko 85 jiniapa boag. 
H OBa BOAa H3BHpe ca racHHM KJOoyAHMa, 6HCTpa je, HMa ja^H 
yr.io-KHceiiH yKyc oa npBe boag. Ilyd^HKa abhh BOAy OBor h3- 
Bopa Kao „jaqy" oa boab npBor H3Bop;i, a^n je onei 3a to 
BHJe Maite. Ca oeor H3Bopa He oahoch ce BOAa y $./iamaMa ; n3 
paswiora mio $^anie ^;iko ayi],<ijy. 

3. C T a p K y n a t h a o. Obo ce Kynara^io cna^ABBa bo- 
AOM H3 jeAHor napoyHTor 6yflapa, kojh je npn^niiH » miipoK, a 
OK) 4 Mei'pa AyooK. OBa je BOAa A'>CTa MyiHa, HMa leMiiepa- 
Typy 12"R .- 15°0. y jyiiy Mecei^y k^a je cyma BSJiHKa ne 
Aiije AOBo.'LHO BOAG, c Tora laAa Heia Kynaita csaKor A^Ha y 
KynaxH^y. y obom KynaxK^y rpeje ce BOAa ycHJaHHM KyMasia 
rB33AeHHM. IIy6^HKa BHrae ueen obo CTapo KyiiaTH^o ho hob'. 
Koje A'»*)HJa HOAy h3 pe3epBoapa h tag ce BOAa 3arpeBa napoM. 
Obo je MHin^eH>e A^cxa ocHOBaao, jep ycajaHe KyMo rB03AeHe^ 



104 AHA^HSE CPnCKHX MHHEPA.IHHX B04A 

yraqy Ha boat n xeMHCKn ; TcXko nopeA ocTa^ora AoOnja jacan 
MnpHC Ha cyMHop-BOAOHnK kra je KyMaia sarpejana. 

4. Ta^inapa, AJ^niqapa. OAMax j\o ciapor KynaTH^a 
HaxoAH ce jeAaH 6aceH KHce^e boag , kojh gajme Kao ^aAHO 
KynaTH^o. Tajinapa h;ih A^mqapa sose ce c xora, hito je caMo 
oi'paljeHO A*icKaMa. Ha obom Mecry H3Bnpe BOAa ca Ana 6aceHa, 
Bnt}ajy ce racHH K^iodynii, BOAa je MyTHa. IIpHTHi^aH,e BOAe y 
OBaj 6aceH Cjia6o je, c Tora nOjiaKu oTHqe. Oa BpeMena na Bpeie 
MPfta ce BOAa y obom uaceny. — Oaa je BOAa no CBOJ npH^HU,H 
JL'AHaKa ca boaom crapor Kynara^a, c Tora je HHcaM anajiHCiio. 

Ja caM ana^Hcao npae TpH BOAe, h 're cy anajinse h3^o- 
atene y HAyii^M TauiinH,a3ia. OApeijHBao caM caio one cacroJKe. 
KoJH ce Ha^ase y MepjtHBHM KO^iHqHHaMa. Cbh H3;ioateHH ana- 
^UTHqHH 6pojeBH jecy cpeAftH 6pojeBH h3 abc hae BHme c^iaaiytHX 
ce ana^Hsa. yrAeny KHcejinny oApeAHO caM y iiaoopaTopHJE. a 
He Ha nsBopy ; 3a xy n,eA dflpao caM <Dyianie, Koje cy dn^e Ao6po 
sauymene, ho ouex 3a xo BOAa na caMOMe H3Bopy noKasaiia 6n 
Beky KOAH^HHy yr^ene KHcejinne. 

1. Kaasa Mnjioma HSBop, cTapji HSBop, aoh>h H3Bop. 

OcxaxaK cybh m3 KMlO r. BOAe 1*8600 r. 

1000 rpaMa BOAe caApJite : 

Ka^HJyM 0-04294 

I-[ax[iiijyM 0-05726 

Ka^UiijvM 0-10054 

MarHe3iijyM . 0-014 IS 

rBo;Kl,e 0-00373 

A^yMHHHJyM-dKCHA (AljOJ .... 0-00245 

('luumi'Ka KHrOJiuHa (8inj. . . . 0-11425 

(JyMii(.|iiia KHceyiiiua (SOj .... 0-00033 



AHA4H3E CPnCKllX MllHEl'A.lHHX liU^ V 



105 



Xaop 0-01770 

YrAeHu KHc(3^HHti (CO3) 3"691i0 



Cy.MA CBHjy CACTOJAKA 



4-64-1:78 



IlspaqyHiiT cacTJiB y 1000 rpaia Bo,i,e: 



KcijiHJyM-xyiopMA KCl. . . . 
Ka^HJyM-cy^i^aT K^SO^. . . 
KiUfljyM-Kap^OH.iT K.COg . 
HaTpHJyM-CH^HKax Na.^SiO^. 
HaTpnjyM-Kap6oHaT Na.,003 
K;K/iiJ,MJyM-Kap6oHaT CaCOj . 
MarHe3EjyM-Kap6()HaT MgCO^ 
$epo-Kap6oHaT FeCOj . . . 
A^yMHJyM-OKCB/i, x^l^Oj. . . 



CMIA noCTOJAHBX JE^HItEItA 

yr./beHa khc. Kao 6flKap6oHaT (CO3) 
YrjieHa khc. c^o6oAHa (CO3) . . 



CYMA CBHjy JE/1,HH>EH)A 



0-03715 
0-00060 
0-01108 
0-18340 
1-35521 
0-25135 
0-04963 
0-00773 
0-00245 



1-92860 

0.97522 
1-74096 



4-64478 



2. Kaasa MHxaa^aa HSBop, hobh HSBOp, ropBH HSBop. 

OciaiaK cyBH m 1000 r. Bo/i,e 2-3576 r. 

1000 rpaMa BO/i,e ca^p^Ke 

Ka^iHJyM 
HaTpHJyM 



Ka.ai],HJyM, 
MarHGBMJyM 
TBoml^e. . 

AviyMMHMJyM-HKC 



HA (Al., 



OJ 



CiT^lHUHCKa KHce^Mua (SiOj) 



0-05409 
0-79809 
0-12901 
0-01693 
000499 
000271 
0-12185 



106 



AHA4H3E CPnCKHX MHHEPA^IHHX BO^A 



Xao}) 0-01775 

yr.'LeHa Kiice^HHa (CO ) 4-5304:6 



CYMA CBHjy CACTOJAKA 



5-67588 



HspaqynaTH cacxaB y 1000 rpaaia boag : 

0-03725 
0-06120 
0-19560 
1-66913 
0-32252 
0-05926 
0-01034 
0-00271 



Ka^HJYM-x^opHA KCl. . . . 
Ka./iHJyM-Kap6oHaT K.^COg. . 
HaTpHJyM-cHJiiKaT Na^SiOj. 
HaTpHJYM-KapdoflaT N.i^COg. 
KajmigyM-KapdoHaT CaCOj . 
i\larHe:3iijyM-KapuOHaT Mg:C03 
Oepo-KapuoHJiT FeCO.^ . . . 

A^yMHHHjyM-OKCH/^ Al^Og. . 



CyMA nOCTOJAHHX JE;i,RItEff.A 

yLieHa KHc. Kao 6HKap6oHaT (CO3) 
yr^eHa khc. CjiodoAHa (CO ) . . 



CyMA CBHjy JE/I,HH)EH)A 



2-35801 



21259 

10528 



5-67588 



3. OTapo KynaTHjio. 

OcTa'raK cysn n:^ 1000 r. mue 1-2336. 

1000 rpaia Bo^e ca^pato: 

ii;'-iiijy>t 0-01047 

it'i'il.iijy^i 0-39131 

li.uimijyM 0-07807 

MarHesHJy.M 0-015 70 

rBOJKl)e 0-00103 

A^YMiiiiiijyM-oKCHA (A1..0.,) . . . . 0-01117 

CH.iiinHCKa KHce^HHa (SiO.,). . . . O-09S29 

CvMiHipiiM KUiUijimid {SOj .... 0-00796 



AHA.U13E CPriCKMX MMHEPA^IHMX BO,U 



107 



Xaop 

yr.teHii KHce.iiiHa ((JO, 



CJ'MA CBHJy CACTOJAKA 

HapaqyHaTH cacraB y 1000 rpaji 

KiUHJyM-x^opHA KGl. . . . 
Ka^HJyM-cy;i<MT K^SO^. . . 
• Ka.iHJyM-Kap6oHaT ^.fiO.^ . 
HaTpHJyai-CH^HKaT Na.^Si03 . 
HaTpHJyM-Kap6oHaT Na.^G03 
Ka^u,ujyM-K;ip6oHaT O^iCOj . 
MarHe3HJyM-Kap6oHaT MgOO, 
Oepo-Kap6oHaT FeCOj . . . 
Aj.yMHHHJyM-OKcn/1, Al^O,. . 



0-01420 
1-207G2 



1-928S2 



I Bo^e 


0' 

0' 
0' 
0' 
0' 

0' 




CJ'MA nOCTOJAHHX JEAHIfcEffiA 

yrjtena khc. Kao dnKapdoHax (CO3) 
YribeHa kegqa. cAodo^Ha (GO3) . 



CyMA CBHJy JEAHH,EH>A 



02980 
01442 
08257 
1577S 
76468 
19518 
05495 
00835 
01117 



1-26885 

0-60765 
0-05232 



1-92882 



VI. 
PnOapcKa 6aH>a. 

PndapcKa 6aH>a jecre H;)in 1 neiteHa Ton^ia cyMnopna BO^a. 
TocnoAHH /l,p. TaOKa ;],HMHTpHJeBMti. .aeKap oKp. a^eitCHHaqKor, 
nociiao MH je oa le BO^e 3a aHa^inay. Ho 6e./ieinAn r. ,1,hmh- 
TpHJeBHta, y toj 6aH.H HMa Tpn BaatHMJa Mnnepa JHa H3Bopa : 

1. AaAHa cyimopaqa oj\ 13°R yuoTpe^Jbyje ca 3a iiujeite. 

2. BpyLa cyinopaqa o.i, 30° h SVU ynoTped^yje ce 3a 
Kynaae. 

3. MiiaKa cyMnopaqa oa 24°R H3BHpe 113 KaMene nyKo- 
THfle y 6pAy, ^eBo o/i, KyiiaxH^aa n^yliH y3 noxoK. M^ias Bo^e 



] U8 AHA^HSE CPnCKIlX MHHEI'A.IHIIX BO^A 

je c ABa npcra Ae6eo. Osa ce BOAa He ynoTped^aBci 3a caAa 
Hn saniTo, m;ih> raio ce nepe pyd.te y itoj. 

BoAa je on^ia y Mamaiia uiicrpa, caaio je Heniro Ma.io 
onajinca.in. limmi je jacan iuipnc h yKyc cyjinop-BOAOHHKa. 
BoAa 3a aHa.insy HaioqeHa je y noqeTKy aBrycra Mece^a. EpeMa 
KOJismiRii nnciaxe mh boao. Morao caM aHaMcaxH caMo jeAHy, h 
TO OHy OA 3rR. Osa BOAa am cneinM-nqny leatHHy 0.000345 
Ha 18"E.. Ilpn ;KapeH,y cyB(;r ocraTKa oBe BOAe npniierHOcaM, 
Aa caApiKH u cpraucKHX jeA0H>eifca HeniTo la^io. 

OciaTaK cyBu m 1000 r. BOAe 0-3280 r. 

1000 rpaMa boag caApa^e : 

Ka.iiijyM 0.0117 

HaTim'jyM 0a039 

Marne^iijyM 0-0092 

OiiiiA TBitaKlja I! a.ivMiiHHJyMa . . . 0-0010 

CiijiHuiHCKa Kuce.aHHa (SiOj) .... 0*0636 

(JyjiiiopHa KHce.aHHa (SOJ 0-0843 

X.10P 0-0065 

Yr^BeHa KHce.iHHa (OO3) 0-0956 

CyJinop-BOAOHHK 0.0105 

Cl'MA CBHjy CACTOJAKA . . 0-3863 

lI:!]ia'iyHaTii cac/raB y 1000 r. BnAe 

Ka.iiijyM-x.a(tpiiA KOI 0-0136 

Ka.iiiJYM-cy>i<i)aT K^SO^ 0*0103 

HaTpjijyM-cyji«j'aT Na.,SO^ 0-1163 

HaTpiijyM-ciLauKaT Na^SiOg .... 0-1021 

HaTi>iijyM-Kap6()HaT IS'a^COj .... 0-0638 

Mai'ii(':}iijyM-Kap6oHaT MgCOj . . . 0.0322 

Al,()., + FqO^ 0-0010 

1'y.MA IIuCTdJAHHX' CACTOJAKA . 0*3393 



A11A.11I3E GPllCKllX MIIIIEPA.IIIHX MO.IA 1 09 

yr./beHii KHC. c;Ao6oj\Ei\ n Kao uiiKap- 

uoHJiT (CO3) 0-0365 

CyMnop-BOAoHHK H.,S 0'0lU5 



0-3S63 

VII. 
CMpAan-6apa. — rnosKl^ana BO^a. 

0MpAaH-6apa iio.SHaTa je y nac Kao cyMiiopHa BO,],a, a^ii 
DMa y TOM Mecry n je^Ha rBoact)aHa MHHepa^iHa BO,i,a, Koja ce 3a 
iiHJeH.e ynoTpedAaea. JeAan moj npHJaxeib ^oho mh je iiponijior 
jiexa OA TO rBoailjane BO^e, Koje ana^nsa ctojii OB^e. Bo^a je 
6sASi dflCTpa, HaKHce^or yKyca. Ha Asy y <MamaMa oiiyio je syti- 
KacTor xajiora oa CTa^io^eHor OKCHAa iBO^Klja. BoAa je HaToqena 
y jy^iy Meeei],y. Cnen. TeatPma ose boao na 18"R je 0-00113. 

1000 rpama BOAe caAP^a: 

Ka;iHJyH 0-01220 

HaxpHJyM 0-17010 

K;umijyM . . . .• 0-1 1080 

MarHe:3HJyM 0.03960 

PBoatl^e 0.0 >8o5 

AiiyMHHHJyM-oKCHA 0-06219 

CHAHi],HCKa KHce.aiiHa (SiO j) . . . . O-03")50 

OyMnopHa Kiice./iHHa (SO^) .... ()-()0019 

X.10P 0-12420 

yrj,eHa KHceAHHa (GO3) 0-97336 

CYMA AHA.flETHiIHHX CACTOJAKA . 1-53669 

HspaqyHaTK cacxaB y 1000 r. BOAe : 

KaiiMJyM-x.aopHA KCl 0-02302 

Ka./iHJyM-cyA$aT K^SO^ 0*0 003-1 

HaxpHJyM-XjiopflA NaCl 0-18659 



110 



AHA.1H3E CPnCKlIX MHHEPA.lHllX BO^A 



HtiTpHJyM-CHiiHKaT KiijSiOg. 
HaTpiijyM-KapdoHaT Ka^COg 
Ka.miiJYM-KapuoHaT CaCOj . 
Mi:rHe3ujyM-Kap6oHaT Mg CO, 
$epo-KapuoHaT FeCOg . . . 
A^yMUHHJyM-OKCMA (AljOj) . 



CyMA nOCTOJAHHX JEAHBEItA 

YrAeia khc. Kao 6aKap6oHaT (CO^) 
yrjLGHa KHC. c.ao6oAHa (CO3) . . 



Ci'MA CBHjy JEAHH>EH,A . 



0.05099 
0-17340 
0-27700 
0-13860 
0-01771 
0-06219 



0-93584 

0-37251 
0-22834 



1-53669 



M3 xeiijcKe AadopaxopHJe bga. niKOwie. 
BeorpaA, OKToCiap 1882. 



HEK^O^HKO HOBHX OBPA3AJ4A 3A BPOJ 
KOMBHHAU,HJA CA 3A4ATHM 3BMPOM. 



y Ko^iHKO je MGHH HOSHaTO HSMa o6pa3ai].a 3a 6poj kom- 
<)HHai^HJa ca 3aA!vraM sdnpoM. BaRetn ce .lane ca HayKOM o kom- 
dHHai^HJaMa ja caM nainao o6paei^e 3a 6poj KOMdHHauiija APyre, 
Tpefce ff MeTBpi'e Kiiace ea ma KaKBHM 3aAaTHM adnpoii, KaA je 
npHTOM 6poj ocHOBaKa HeorpaHnqeH h CBaKO noHaBAaH,e hcthx 
3a6paH>eHO. Ilpn Tpa^Keity tmx o6pa3aua ja caM nomao oa 
o6paci^a : 

r r- 1 r 

r 

TAe ""C npeAcraBiba upoj K0M6nHai],HJa r-ne Kiiace ca saAaTiiM 
s^npoM s H TAG GAimno 3HaqeH)e niajy h j\,b-a q^ana ascho oa 
3HaKa paBHOCTH. 36or mojmx APymx nociiOBa y uiko^h h Ban 
H.e ja HHcaM Aocneo , A3 OBaj moj paA nacTaBiM n aKo nnje 
TemKO no MexoAH , Kojy caM ynoTpedno , natn h oupaci],e 3a 
6poj K0M6HHHi],HJa RQiG, mecTG H T. A- KAacG, KaA ce caMo join 
y3Me Ha ym, a^ je y onmTe oopasau, 3a 6poj KOMdHHaunja r-ne 
K^ace ca 3aAaTHM 36HpoM s j\eAn n paipiOHaiiHa oyHKyi^HJa s-a 
(r-l)-ora creneHa. Ho ms&xd te ce KoroA n ochm Mene naliH, 
Kora te oBaj paA HHTepecoBaiH n ja He cyMH.aM, Aii ^^ oh naj- 
snji, MnpaTH HaiiH H HajonmTHJe o6paci^e, kojh OBe Moje o6y- 



1 1 2 HEKO.IIIKO IIOBIIX OBPA3AUA 3A BPOJ KOMBUHAUHJA 

XBaTajy h y KojnMa (>h 6poj KOMunnaMnja 6ho npeAcraB^eH Kao 
4.yHKmija n saAaror sdiipa n snAaie oace. Ebo inx o6pa3a^a: 

I. 06pacuQ 3a opoj K0M6HHa^Hja Apyre oace ca Ma Ka- 
KBHM 3aAaTHM 36HpoM jecy : 

npBH o6pa3a^ BpeAH, kha je saAaxn 36mp napan 6poj a 
ApyrD, KHA je xaj 36Hp HenapaH 6poj. 

II. 06paci;n 3a 6poj KOHdnHai^HJa ipeLe Kiiace ca Ma Ka- 
RBHM 3aA:iTHM 36h])om jecy : 

i 3a s uapHO : = r » 

^M . 3(s-ir. 

3a s HenapHO : ^^C — j > 



, ' s(3s— 1) 
+'ry — -^^ ^ 



2) 



(3a s napHo: ^^+'C =^^ 

)^ ,,-J-. ' (s — 1)(38— 1) 
(3a s HenapHo: '«+'C^- ~ -, 



1 3a s nnpno: ^^+'^C = ^^^'^^ ^\ 

f3a s Hoiiapiio : '^^'C = r — ' — • 



111. OCpacnn 3a (jpoj KOM^HHJiuHJa MeTBp're K^iace ca Ma 
KaKHHM 3;iA;iTiiM 3uiii)0M jecy peAoM : 



a 



HEK04HK0 HOBHX OBPA3AUA 3A BI'OJ KOMHHHAUM.JA 

3a s = \, \, 7, 10, 18, ; . . : 

3a s = 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, ... : 
(s_lf(4s— 7)-l 



'C = 



9 



3a s = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, . . . 

(s— ly^^s— 7)— 2 



'(7 = 



9 



/5 



3a 8=1,4, 7, 10, 13, . . , 

,34-./. 6(2s-3r-l 
9 

3a s = 2, 5, 8, 11, U, . . 



,s+.^ s(2s-3r-2 
9 



3a s = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 



y 



,+.^_s_(26--3y 
^ ~ 9 



3a s = 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 



^,;, (s-ir(4s-l ) 



^C = 



3a s = 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, 



9 



3a s = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 



9 



13 



rAACHHK LIV. 



114 HEKO.llIKO HOBJIX OBPA3ALI,A 3A BPOJ KOMBHHAUUJA 



3a s = 1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 



S 



.3+./, _ 2sM2s-;J)J- 2 

L - g 

Ba 6= 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, . . . 



,,^^;, _ 2s\2s- S)+l 



'C 



9 



3a s = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 






111. MapT 1883. 
y Beorpa^y. 



4hmhtphje HeUJHTv 

nPO<I>ECOP BK.UIKE lUKOJE. 



O CPE4K[inTy CH.ylA V PABHH y OnUITE. 



KaA ce y MeKaHHii,H c^iame h^h cKJiana j^hth h oApeljeee 
CHCTeM CH^a, KOJH je y paBHH, to ce hcth nocao spmn y u,ejin 
OApeA^e pesyiiTaHTe Aa'for CHcieMa cH^a, APyrnM peqiia, 
TpajKH ce A'^TOM cHCTeMy cH^a ona H,eMy eKEHBaAeHTHn 
CH^a, Koja te KaApa 6hth A'^ a<i™ chctbm CH^a y cBOMy 3a- 
MeHH a OBO KaA je peq o Kpexaity en c Tenia, eaw KaA je 
pe^i OApeA^H p a B H T e aK e, (MnpoBaaa h jeAHaKor Kpexaaa). 
(jA'ASRjliE CEjie y pesy^TaHTy, c^y^HMo ce npHHi^nnoM npena- 
ma&a HanaAfle Ta^Ke nojeAMHHX CEjia n3 A^Tor cncxeMa CH^a no 
anxoBOJ HanaAHOJ ^hhhjh. Thm nyieM aoboahmo nanaAne TaqKe 
H. np. Ma Koje abb cuiie — h3 cncTeMa cn^a — y iipece^Hy 
Ta^Ky C H)HX0BHX HanaAHHX jinnnja, na Ha HCiy Ta^Ky npe- 
HamaMO h caMe cn^ie cMaTpajytn je caAa Kao sajeAHU^Kv Ha- 
naAHy xaqKy. KaA je to TaKO ypat^eno, OHAa ce npHML'H,yje 
npHHi],Hn napa^e^orpaia CHJia 3a abb CH^e Koje noA H3BecHHM 
yMOM y Taqij,H C A^jcTByjy. 4,iiJ^roHaAa TaKor napa^eAorpaia 
cnjia , jecTe pesyiiTaHTa peqeHBX ABejy cn.ia h3 cncTeMa. 3a 
thm ce y3Me Ma KOJa Tpeta cn^a h3 CHCTeMa cn^a, na ce OHAa 
aena nanaAaita ^HHHJa npoAy^H aok ce ne npeceqe y Taqiyi 
(7, ea pe3yATaHT0M npBnx ABejy CKia. Ha TaqKy C, npenocn 
ce pesy^TaHTa npBHX ABejy cHjia — Kao cn^ia HCTHMa eKBHsa- 
^eHTHa — a TO ce hcto paAH h ca xpetoM ch^om h3 CHCTOMa; 
3aTHM ce Ha HCTe ABe CH^e, KOJe HMajy caAa sajeAHinKy nana- 
AHy TaqKy C^ npHMeayje hohobo hphhahh napa^e^orpaHa cuaa. 



116 o cPEAHiuxy cH.iA y pabhii y onmxE 

^HJaroHa^ia tit napa^e^orpaMa ;i,aje naM HHTeHSHTex h cMHca > 
pesy^TaHxe pe^eHnx Tpnjn cn^a m cHcieMa, a mgcto hctg ah- 
jaroHa^e jecre y iicro Ao6a h nanaAHa ^HHHJa peqene pesy^- 
laHTe, y Kojoj Auenjn — KaA je roBop o npropecHBHOM Kperafty 
— MoaieMo ysein nanaAHy TaqKy Here peay^iTaHTe tab xoteMo. 
ynoTpe6.i.yjyliu Ha aoKaaaHS HaqnH BHine nyra napa^eorpaM 
cfl^ia , npenocetiu HanaAHe laqKe ag^mmhikhx pesy^'raHaia h 
cieAete cn^ie cncrejia ao apeceKa h>hxobhx HanaAHHX ^innnja, 
AiMasHMO HajsaA R Ao nocjeAifcer napa^enrpaiia, Kora je AHJ'tro- 
Hajia no mAimmu paBHa nHiesHTeTy pesyAiaHTe i^e^or cncTeMa 
cHjia, a MecTO ncre AHJaroHa^e jecre y mcto Ao6a h iiecTO came 
HanaAHe ^Hmije hctb pesyjiTaHie a^top cHcxeMa cn^a y paBHH. 
To je Aati-^6 OHa cHAa, Koja te MoiiH Aa A'A'^^ cncieM cn^a 3a- 
MeHH TO A'l npoHSBPAe oho hcto Kpeiaite, Koje 6n nponsBe^e cee 
ciwe cHcreMa, KaA one sajeAHHiKM AejcTByjy. OnHcami naqHH 
CJiaraH>a CH^ia jecre rpaau^KH, Mei)y thm y MeKannqKHM 3aAaT- 
i^fliia qecTO je nyi-a nuTpedno, a^^ natjeio paqyHHCKHM nyieM : 
HHTesHTeT, MecTO H cMHcao peayAiaHTe A^i'^'or cncieMa cH^ia, o 
qesiy ha 6wm roBopa y obom hito AO^a-sn. 

CjiaatyJiH CH^e h;ih nyieM H,pTaH)a H^in iiaK nyreM paqy- 
Haaa, o^Hqno ce saAOBOAaBaiio koa leopuje o cu^iaMa, Aa ce no 
o()a peqeHa siSTOAa nsi^e npocTO caio : nHTeH3HTeT pesyATanxe, 
H.eH cMHcao H MecTO H.eHe nanaAHe ^nnnje; ne BOAetH npn tomb 
paqyna jom h o nanaAHoj TaMU,u Here pesyraHTe. Met^y thm, 
HMa y npHpoAH h laKHX cH^a (cH^a, leate, XHpocTaTHHKH npH- 
THCUH Ha e;ieMeHTHMa OKBaraene kphbo iioBpniHHe h. to. noAodno), 
KOJe cy CBRKa 3a ce Besane 3a H3Be('Hy uam oApetjeny TaqKy y 
npiiCTopy paBHH y Kiijoj Hcre A^jcrByje na Ma KaKaB npaBaii, 
iicre cHjie 3ay3JiMa.ie, ne iieaajyiiH npH raKOM OKpeiaay h>iixob 
l>e./iaTHBaH no.aoa:aj. J,aKjie, KaA ce cacreM CHJia y paBHH ca- 
CToJH ii:! laKiix HOJCAHHHX CH^ia, oA KoJHX cy cBaKa HojeAHHue 
iipHnere 3a cBojy oApe^eny HanyAfly xaqKy y paBHH h to xaKO, 
A;i k.ia ce jcAHa oa cnjia (Kpene oko CBoje HanaAHe xaqKe 3a 



O CPEAHIUTV CH.IA V PABHII V OniUTE 1 1 7 

H3BecaH yrao (p, to a^^i h cbg ocxajie oko cbojux HanaAHiix Ta- 
laKa cKpeHy 3a hcth yrao <■/? h y hctom cMHc^y, to Haii oHAa 
3a TaKae cHCTem mM Bpe^n oBaj saKon: Kao niTo je CBaKa 
CHiia H3 CHCTeia cn^ia Besana 3a OApel^eny Ta^Ky itao iteny Ha- 
naAHy TaqKy, to hcto Bpe/i.H a 3a peay^iTaHTy i^ejior cHcTesia 
cn^ia, H pesy^iTaHTa cucTeMa cMiia niia HSBecny o^petjeHy ii caMo 
jeAHHi],aTy Ta^Ky — H>eMy nanaAHy Ta^iKy — Kpo3 Kojy Le npa- 
Baii, HCTe pesy^TaHTe CTa^iHO np0Aa3iiTii, na aia KaKaB iipaBau 
6yAe pe3yATaHTa y paBHii cn^a 3ay3HMa.ia. ^a^Le, KaA nojeAflHe 
CHjie CHCTeMa CKpeny oko cbojhx HanaAHux Ta^aKa 3a yrao (p, 
3a Taj te hcth yrao cKpenyTH h pesy^TaHTa cncTema, a y hctom 
CMHCjiy ca H>eHHM KOMHoneHTajia, oko Bene nanaAHe TaqKe. Ofia- 
KOBa TaqKa pe3yM'aETe 30Be ce cpeAHniTe — HanaAHa Ta^Ka 
— CHCTeMa CHjia y paBHH. CpeAHniTe cHCTCMa CH^ia HMa Ty oco- 
6HHy, A''^ KaA 6h hckh KpyTH cHCTei TaiaKa y paBHH, Ha kojh 
CH^e HMenoBane oco6HHe AejCTByjy, Be3a.iH 3a HCTy TaqKy h.ih 
KaA 6h HCTy TaqKy noAynpjH, to 6h OHAa TaKaB KpyTH ch- 
cTeM MOMH oKperaTH KaKO xotieMo oko ocobhec, ihto npoja3H 
Kpo3 cpeAHHiTe, a ctojh ynpaBHO na paBHH CH^a, TaKaB oh ch- 
CTBM ocTao y CBHMa no^OjKaJHMa y paBHOTemn. ^aK^ie cpeAHmTe 
CH^a jecTe y hcto Ao6a h cpeAHniTe 3a paBHoTejKy a pe^ieHa oca 
30Be ce jom h oca neMapne — HHAH*epeHTHe — paBHOTejKe. 

UpHMep y3 OBO 6ho 6h OBaj : y3MHM0 a^ HMaMo neKy KpyTy 
a TaHKy aiaTepHJa^sy n;iOMy, Koja ^le^H Ha HenoMHiiHoj xopu- 
30HTaAH0J paBHH, Ha Aa y BeHHM pa3HHM Ta^KaMa A^, A.^, A^ 
H T. A. HanaAajy y paBHH n-ioiie cTa^ne a pasne cn^e P,, P^, 
P3 H T. A., aiiH TaKO, Aa KaA HCTy n^oqy OKpeneiio oko neKe 
BepTHKaiiHe ocoBnne, AftK^ie je AoneAeio y APyr^ Ho^oaiaj 
HpeMa HenoKpeTHOJ xopH30HaTHOj paBHH, to j\,a. npn TaKOM oKpe- 
TaiLy ocTane CH^a: F^, P^, F^. . . CBaKa 3a ce cbom HpHamft^'Ji 
HOjio^ajy napaviaiHa, ca hcthm nanaAHHM TaqKaia A^, A.^, A^ 
H T. A- (ycJteA qera te CBaKa TaqKa A^, A^ h t. a- onncaTii 
pa3He KpyjKHe ^yKone oko o6pTHe ocoBHHe). Ilpn OBaKOM AejcTBy 



118 o cPEaiiuiTy cii.ia y pabhh y oniuxE 

ciaa, OKpenylie ce CBaKa oa cn^a o kocbojhx Ha^a/^HHX xaqaKa, 
a npesia n^oqn, 3a onaj hcth yrao (p, 3a kojh ce h n^oqa oko 
CBoje o6pHe ocoBHHe oKpeny^a, cn^e te a^kag h y hobom eoao- 
aj ijy saApa^a-m h,iixob cxa.iaH peiiaTHBaH no^omaj. EoniTO cmo 
OBAe y3ejiH o6pTHy ocoBnny ca cbhm npoH3BOibHy, to te yonmie 
y3eB, pesy^iaHia CHcreMa cnjia y hobom no^ojKajy n^io^ie, npo^a- 
3nTn BaH oopiHe ocobhhg, a^k^ig pe3yATaHTa te HMara npeMa 
o6pTHOj ocoBnHH MOMGHTa, H TGiKHte, A^ KaA uAoiy caaioj ceuH 
ocraBUMo AejCTBy peiennx CHwia, Aa BpaTH mh oKpene y TaKas 
no^ojEaj, y kom te pesy^Tania npoAa3HTH Kpo3 hobojlho ysery 
o6pHy ocoBHHy. ByAe^in naK npn npBoM o6pTaH>y n^oqe — CMa- 
T]»ajylin Aa ce n^oqa, yiBpijena 3a npoH3BOJtHy BepTHKa^Hy oco- 
Bimy, Haiia3HA0 y noqexKy oop'raita y impy, AaK^e Aa HanaAHa 
^inHHJa pesyjiTaHie npe^asn Kpo3 ncry ocoBHHy, — pesy^xaHTa 
CMCTeMa, paqyHaTO oa itene nanaAne xaqKe HMaj.a -raKaB npaBaii,, 
Aa joj H>eH CMHcao HAe oa nanaAHe laiKe na Ka odpiHoj ocobhhh, 
H^H naK ()yAe ;in pesy^iTaHTa Hsiajia lasaB npaBaii;, paqynaTO 
(iiiex OA ifcene nanaAne xaqKe, Aa joj CMncao HAe oa o6pTne oco- 
nnne, y cnoAjimnocT, to te ce y npnoM c^yqajy naAasHTH Te;io 
y ^ladn^noj pannoTeatH, a y APyroM naK c^yqajy y cxa- 
oHAHoj paBHoiesKH. Meljy THM caMo OHAa, KaA 6yAe npojia3H^a 
oopxna ocoBHna Kpo3 oHy laqKy Kpyxe n^ioqe , Koja ce ^yAe 
noKJiana^ia ca cpeAHfflxeM cHiia, xeK te y xaKOM CAyqajy Hcxa 
ocoBHHa 6hth ocoBnna neyxpaj.ne pannoxe^e. KaA je n.ioqa y 
OBaKoj ocoBHnn yxBptjeHa, oHAa MoaieMo n^oqy oko hctg ocoBnne 
3a Ma Kd.iHKH yrao OKpenyxH na je OHAa ocxaBHXH A^jCTBy ch- 
cxeiia cH^a, pannoxeaia nete ce nopeMexHTH, Hjioqa he ocxaxH y 
OHoM no^ioatajy y kom cmo je h ocxaBH4H. OsaKa ocoBnna 3oBe 
ce y XHApocxaxHUH ii^oBeiuix xe^a ocoBnna Mexan,enTpyMa., 
Ki'ja Hrpa y dpoAapcxBy BeoMa Baainy y^ory, a koa 'tnsnqKHX 
TOjia, H3JLoateHa AejcxBy cBor concxnenor xepexa, jecxe oca neia- 
]»ne paBHoie/Ke CBaKa npasa Koja npo.iasH Kpo3 xeaiHinxe HCTor 
xc.ia w Koja ce xy 30Be join n xeinKa jinnnja. Mn tieMo Ma^o 



o cPE4iiiuTy ciiAx y pabhh y oiiqite 1 1 9 

/i,ou,HHJe BHASTH, KtiKo JG Te^iiiiiTe caMO cneuHJajiHH Cviyqaj cpe- 
AHmxa CHiia yoniu're. /l,a npncTyiiHM /i.aybe j\,-d napa^iyHHMo : 1.) 
BHTeHSHTeT pesy^TaHTG fl,iiT()Y cHcreMa CKia, 2.) iipaBaii, pesy^i- 
TaHTe, 3) MGCTo H>eHO H 4) H>eHy nanaAHy xaqKy, Koje laqKe 
Koop/i,HHaTe A'T- 03HaqHMo ca 7/ H |. 

Heo cy h;im no3HaTO h a^tg y neKoj pasHH AejcrByjyhe 
CMAQ P,, P^, P^ H T. A- no Mecry cMHC^y h HHTesuTeiy ca 
OApel)eHHM HanaAHHM Ta^Kaia A^, A^, A^ h t. a- ysMHMo caAa 
y paBHH CH.ia neKv iioRo.tHy Tinmy c^iHKa 1, h Kpo3 Hcry 




C A H K a 1. 

noBynHMO npaBoyMe ocobhhg XX h YY. IIpeMa thji Koop- 
AHHaxHHM ocoBHHaia Aaxe cy h HanaAne laqKe: A^, A,^ n t. a- 
peAOM OBHM KOopAHHaiaMa x^, y^ \ x^, y^ | h t. a- npaBile 
CHiia yTBpAHMO yMOBHMa Koje Hcre ca X. h Y. ocobhhom 3a- 
Manajy h to: ea a^, a^, a^ h t. a- one yMOBe niTO CH^e 
ca -|- X. OCOBHHOM 3aKiianajy, Kao h ca 3^, ^^, ^^ ii t. a- 
one yMe, hito npaBi^n hcthx cn^a ca -|- Z ocobhhom saK^ianajy. 
IIoc^eABHM je noAaii^HMa oApet^eno mgcto uojeAHHHX cH^ia 
a H RHXOB je cMHcao yiBpt^eH. Ka-A nojeAHne chag h3 a^tof 



120 o cPE4HuiTy CH^A y pabhh y oniuTE 

CHcreMa CH^a pas^ioatmio na npaBciyMe KOJinoHeHTe y npaBii,y 
XX H YY (icOBHHe, H oana^HMO icie KOMnoHenTe peAom ca: X,, 
Xj, X3 H ca Y^, Y^, Y^ H T. 4. Kao h KaA osHaqHMO hctg 
TaKe KOMnoHGHTHe peayjiTaHTe P CHcreMa npocro ca X h Y, 
Kao H yr^iOBe niTo cHiia P ca -j- X n -\- Y ocobhhom saK^ana 
KaA 03HaqEM0 ca a n ^, niTO teMo ao^hth a^i je : 

X, = P, COS. a, r, = Pj CO . /3, 

X, = P., COS. a.^ n r, — P, COS. ^^ 

X.3 = P3 COS. 0^3 1^3 =. P3 COS. ^3 



Meljy Tmi ynoTpedibyjyliii 3a caaraae cH^a npeMemTaH>e 
HanaAHe laqKe h npHHi],HQ napa^e.aorpaMa CH.ia, bhahmo, j\^ k.ia 
je roBop caMO HHTesFrexy pe3y.aTaHTe h iteHOM npiiBi],y h cmh- 
cay, oHAa ce to ipoje HajLa3n hcto onaKO Kao KaA on cse cH.ie 
AaTor cnciejia ghaa (mAe cBaKa oa h>hx npeneeena na sajeAHnqKy 
HanaAHy xaqKy a napa.ae.iHO casioj ceon; 3a TaKaB je cjiyqaj: 

X ^ X. + X, + X3 + . . = p. COS. a, + 1\ COS. «, + . . 

= 2: (^P COS. a) 
s 

y = y. + y.+ y. + -■'--= p. COS. ^. + P, COS. ^, + . . 

= i:(F COS. ^j 

3aT0 je pesyjiTaHTa CHCTeMa cnAa no nHTeHSHTeHiy A^Ta y OBOJ 
jeAHaMUHii : 



1.) = y X' + Y' = V[i:(Fcos.ajY+ [ErPcos.^JY', 
a iii>aBan 11 cMiicao pe3y./iTaHTe oApetjyje Ham OBa jeAHa^HHa: 

0, ,„„,.„ = £ = |^J<^^| 

A L(Fcos.a) 



o ci't:,i,umTy ch.ia y i>abu» y oiiiute 121 

Eoc^eAftiiM ABeaia jeAHaquHiiMa oapgah^h cmo chmo HHxeH- 
3HTeT, npaBau, n cMiicao pesy^TiiHie, ho to join Huje a<»bo.iho 
3a oHy CH^y Koja he 6wm eKiniBiueHTHa ajitoh cHcroMy ciijiii, 
nomio te caMo OApeljena cu^a F Ha oApel^enoM Meciy y paBHH 
CH^a KaA AGJCTByje, mgLm a^'^'h ciic'reM CM^ia aaMenuTH, 3aTo Ba^a 
A'l OApeAHMO jom H pe3y^TaHTHHo mgcto. Mecio pesy^Tanie Ha- 
Aivsmio no npHHunny CTaTHiiKiix MOMeHaia oBaKO : 

OsnaqHMO ca a nopMii.iHo OTCTOJafte nanaAne ^HHUje pe- 
sy^TaHTe oa Ta^iKe paqyHaTo; a nomTO Haai ciiCTeji cn^a : P,, 
X^ E T. A- i\, i^o H T. A- 3aMeH>yje j\,\vm cuctcm cii^a P,, P,^ 
H T. A-, 'i"o je OHAa ciaraqKH MOMenaT pe:?yyiTaHTe obo : 

P<' = a, y. + a; y, + . . J - (i\ ^\ + i', x, + ...) 

^ L(Xyj~i:(Yx) 

oAKyAa je KpaK paay^Tyjyte cn^e Aai' y oboj BpeAHocTu: 

L(Xy)—i:(l\x) 
o.) a p 9 . 

KojoM je jeAHaqflHOM OApeijeno h pesy^TaHTHHo aiecTO. 

3a OApeA^y naK cpeAmnxa Aai'or cHcreMa cH^ia, oiite no- 
Tpe^HO Aa oApeAHMo jom h jeAHaqany HanaAHe jhhhjb hcib P; y 
Toj UBAM OApeAHMo oTCTOjafte npeceqne xa^Ke D pesy^ixanxe P 

ca Y ocoBHHOM MepeHo oa xa^Ke 0. OrcToiji^e OD = , 

COS. a 

AaK^e je a = OD. cos a, KaA noc^e^y BpeAHocx saMennMO y 
jeAHai^HHH 3.) dnte : 

-^, :i:(Xy)-i:(¥x) 

OD. COS. a = — '^ — ^— p 

OAKyAa je : 

^_ E(XyJ-:^(Yx) 
P. COS. a 



122 o cPEAHuiTy cii.iA y pabhii y onrnxE 

EoniTo je nanaAHa ^lannja peay^xaHTe npaea, to je ncie 
jinnnje je^Ha^HHa oBor o6iiHKa : 

y =^ tang, a .x -\- h 
r^e je tang, a = ^ = 2:7x7 ^ ^^ "^ ^^ 

TO je npeMa tomg k HaHa^Ha ^HHHJa pesjATaHTB nosHaia h Aaia 
y riBuj je^HaqnHH : 

-^ i:fX; "^ Fcos.a 

^jm je P. cos a = 2^ (X) sai'o je join : 

-^ ^ ~ Z(X) ^ I,(X) 

/l,a 6h momh Afi OApeAHMo KOopAHHaie ?/ h | cpeAnniTa 
^ AJ'Tor CHCTOMa CHjia, to OKpenHMO CBaKy cn^y : Pj, P^ n t. a- 
OKO CBOje HanaAHe Taqae A^, A^, h t. a- 3a yrao 90° y hctom 
cMHCJiy, iia KOMnoneHTe thx ortpenyTHX cn^a y npasi^y X. h 
Y. ocoBflHB oi^HaiBMo peAOM ca: X\, X[^ h t. a- ca: Y\, Y'^ h 
T. A- na je oHAa h. up. 

X\ = P, COS. fa, + 90"; = — I\ sin. a^ 
= — P, COS. ^t =■ — 1 1 

AaKJie je: 

«i A", = — 1^, ; 

iiciO je TaKo u 

)-; = i>, COS. r,i, — 90") = P. COS. — (90"— 13,) 
= P, ms. (90" — ^5,) = P,. sin. /3 = P, COS. a,. 



O CPEAIIlUTy CH.IA y PABHH v onuiTE 123 

AaK^e je : 

i?; Y\ = X, 

4,aoe, jeAHaqHHy HanaAHe Annnje 3a 90" OKpeHyror cii- 
CTesia CH^a P,, I\ ii t. a- AoftJijaMO upocro m jeAHaqHHe 4.) 
KaA TaMo MeTGMo lecTO Ko^iiqHHa X,, X.^ . . . . KOAnquHe X\, 
X • • • • . Kao H lecTo F, , Y^ . . . . MeieiHo KOAmam Y\ Fg h 
T. A- ] a nomTo hcto saMeH^HBaite A'^'^eAeMo y cBesy join h ca 
jeAHaqraaMii noA cc) h ^), OHAa je jeAHaqHHa naiiaAHe ^HHiije 
pesyjiTaHTG 3a 90° oKpenyTor CHcieMa cn^a Aa'ra y nspaay : 

_ i:(X, ,i:(Yyj-{-L(Xx) 

•'•> ^ - - £-(7) "^ — ^a) — 

IIomTO cpaBHHMO JeAHaqHHy 5.) ca jeAHaqanoM 4.) bhahmo 
m yraoHHX caqHHHOi],a hctiix jeAHaqsna, Aa o6e jeAHJi^HHe npn- 
naAajy ABeMa npaBmia Koje ce noA npasHM yMOM cesy, AaK^e 

HOA OHHl HCTHM yiJOM 3a KOJH CMO nOJeAHHO CHJie CHCTGMa OKpe- 

HyjiH, Aaoe ce h pe3y^TiiHTa Hcxor cncieMa oKpeHy-ia 3a 90". 
J\,?ijb& 03HaqHM0 ea F' pe3yM'aHTy sa 90" oKpenyTor cHcreMa 
CH^a, na je OHAa : 



KaA y HCTOJ jeAHaqHHH H3BpinHM0 3aMeHe BpeAHocxn Koje cmo 
Ao6hjh y jeAHaqHHaMa noA cc) h /3 ', ^Hke: 



F = v[( - YjY + [(X)r = w ^^an' + [^ a)X = ^ 

AaK^e je h : 

F = F, 

a TO 3HaqH, Aa ce pesy^aiaHTa 3a 90" OKpeHyror cncreMa cn^a 
no HHTea3HTeTy nnje npoMeHy.ia. 



124 O CPEAMILITy CH.1A y PABHH y onuiTE 

KaA seateMo je^HaqEHe 4.) h 5.) n peniHMO ex no y e 
X A'ljyiiii 'I'HM . ncMeHflBia SHa^eite r^ e §, naiiH teMo y thm ko- 
jinqHHaMa KuupAunaTe cpeAHiirra (A) ^axor CHCxeMa cHjia, a to 
je OHa TiiMKa A, y Kojoj ce .iHHHJe -i.) h 5.) ceEcy, AaKAe osna- 
MyjytH ca /y opAHHaiy a ea | a6ci],Hcy Taise A, dnlie : 

D ri-; L (Yy ^Xx)~I, (X) I, (Yx - ^ y) 
n 

7) I _ ^(X)i:(Yy + x^; + ^<'^>^ ^^^-^ - ^y) 

noniTo cy Ha AecHoj crpaHH ABejy jeAHaqsHa cee KHce- 
^ime nosHaxe e crajiHe, to ey 3aTo CTa^ine KHce^HHe e t] e ^ 
iia Ma 3a ko^hkh ce yrao nojeAHHe KOMnoneHTe cncTeitta oko cbo- 
jux HanaAHHX la^aKa oKpeny^e; npeMa tomg h xaqKa A 3a- 
y3flMa caBpiiieHO 0Apei)eHH no^oataj y cncTeMy TaqaKa A^, A^, 
A^ E T. A- KOwiHqHHe naE i] e i Momeaio A'^ H3pa3nMo e kho 
'DyHKipje npBo6iiTHo a^thx BpeAHOCTn, a Te cy: x^, x^, . . . ; 

2/,, i/,, ; a,, a^, ; ^3,, ^i.^, . . . ; P^, P,, , 

na je OHAa : 

j COS. ^ E(F COS. ^ y -{■ F COS. a .x) ) 

[ — COS. a I, (F COS. ^ .X — P cos. a y) ] 
'V^CPcos.a)]' + [ZjFcos. ^)f 



8.) ij = 



j COS. aL(P COS. [i.y -\- F cos. a .x) i 

Q £ _ ( + '^•^^- (^ ^ ( F COS. ^.x ~ F COS. a .y)\ 
^ ~ VVL(F COS. a)]'^[^'(F cosTJjY 

Mil cMo Aaoe oApeAOH KoopAHHaTe cpeAninTa cn^a 3a naj- 
oiiinTiijii cucTGM ciua y ])aBiui — ca iiocxaBKOM Aa je chctgm 



o cPEAnmry ch^a y pabhm y ohuite 125 

eKBHBajieHTaH npocTOJ chjih — to je caAa jacHo, KaKo ce y tom 
onmTeM peraeity Mopajy caAp^ain n ocoi)eHH CjiyiiajeBii. 

Oco6eHii CAyqaj unu 6n h. np. Taj, KaA 6h cbg cah^c 1\, 
1\^ n T. ]\,. 6H^e napa^e.iHG ch^o, a ocoBime KoopAHHaTHe mo- 
ffieMO TaKO no^oatHTH ^a je h. np. XX ocoBHHa napa^ieAHa Ha- 
naAHHM iiHHHJaMa hcthx CH^/ia. Y OBaKOM je ciyqajy X, := P , 

Xj = P^ ^ '^' A- 1\ = 1^2 = • • • = 0» ^'^^ J^ 3aT0 ca^a pe- 
syjiTaHia xaKor napa^ie^iHor cHCTeiia cn^ia A^'ra y obom Hspa.sy : 

p = 1/ X4rr^ = 1/ x^ = X ^ 2: cxj 

OAKy/],a je: 

p = i: (P). 

l\,'AYiAQ pesy^Tania napa^e.iHHx cHwia, paBia je a;ire6ap- 
Hoj cyMH KOMnaHenaTa. 
Aavie je: 

'^•^^x=x=^^' 

niTO 3Ha^H: ^a je npaBan, pesyATaHTe napa^ie^HHx cn^a, iia- 
pa.ae^aH aeHHi KOMnoneHTaMa. 

OcHM OBora, Hana/i,Hy xa^Ky pesy^iiaHTe laKor cncieMa 
CH^ia, H./1H cpeAnniTe napa^ieAHor cHCTeMa cn.ia, 0Apei)yjeM0 Koop- 
AUHaxaMa ;y h | h3 jeAHaqiiHa 6.) n 7.), Ka^ y thm jeAHaqanaMa 
CTaBHMo Y^=^l\ = . . . = n D (Y) = 0, to je OHAa : 



Kao niTO je h: 



_ I,(X)L(Y y) 
p. 

_ I,(X) Z(Xx) 



p. 

a.in nomTo je 

D (X) = P,E (Xy) = L (ry) ^ I, (Xx) = ^ (P^O 



126 o cpE4HmTy ch.ia y pabhii y onniTE 

TO je HaJ3aA: 

y noc^eAH>HM JGAHaifflHaMa HMaMO AaKwie KOopAHHRTe cpe- 
AHHiTa A napa^e^iHHX CH;ia P,, P^ h t. <[., Koje ey KOop;],H- 
Haie cra^He AOE^e, aok ce nHieHSHHTeTH gear P,, P, h t. a- 
He Meaajy, a ochm Tora Ka^ ce jom ne Meitejy hh Koop^nnaTe : 
a^^, x^ . . . \ y,, y.^ . . . nana^Hnx latiaKa A^, A^ n t. j\. pe- 
MGHnx napa^e^iHHX cn.ia. 

Me!)y thm ncie napa.ie^He CH^ie: P^, F^ h t. ]\. Mory ma 
KaKaB yrao aaK^aiiaxH ca XX ocobhhom , A'^k^ib ce Mory 3a 
JBAan H HCTH yrao OKpenyTH oko cbojhx nanaAHHX xaqaKa, 
Ta^iKa A Hete leitara cBoje Meeio. Kpo3 H.y te yseK npo^asH'm 
npaBai^ pesy^TaHie, kojh te 6hth napajie^an iteHra KOMnoHen- 
xajia, a HHTeH3HTeT je pesy^iaHTHH paBan a.ireuapHoj cysm kom- 
noHeHaxa. ^a^e xaqKa A, jecxe h xaqna paBHOTeaae cHcxeMa, 
jep KRA CBCxeM yxBpAflMo y xaqi^n A, cHcxei te ce naAasHxii 
y HeMapHoj — neyxpa^Hoj, BHAH^epenxHOJ — paBHOxe^n, na 
Ma KaKRB no^oataj 6yAy 3ay3HMawie napaiie^iHe chab y h>hxoboj 
paBHH TAB ce one HaxoAe. 

Kao raxo cmo bhab^h, mh jio^bmo Ma KaKaB cdcxbm cn^a 
y paBHH saMBHyxH ca ABa APyra napa^BJHa cncxeia, oa kojhx 
je JBAa£CHcxBM napa^B^an XX ocobhhh a APym je napa^e- 
JRH YY ocobhhu. JIpBH cHcxBM HMa cBojv p63yAxaHxy : X — 
I>(F COS. a) ca cpeAamxBM xaqi^n y A,,, Koja JB OApBl^eHa ko- 
opAUHaxaMa: rj^, h ^'x, a xb cy no JBAHaqimaMa 10.) ii 11.) 
AaxB y H3pa3iiMa : 

l'> ) r =^(Iyl = ^ (P COS. ay.) 
■^'^ ^' L(X) Z(Pcos.a) 

H 

13 ) ^ = ^O^x) __ LjPcos. a .x) 
' '^ '■' Z (X) T(Pc~^^^r^' 



O CPEAMUlTy CII.IA y PABHM V OnUJTE 127 

/J,pyrH cHcreM HMa CBojy pesy.iTaHTy : Y —■ 11 (1' cos. ^) c;i 
cpeAHfflTeM y Tixqii,ii Ay, Koja je o^peljenji KOupAUHaTasiu 7/y h 
ly, a le cy KoopAHHaie no jeAHUMHHaMa 10.) h 11.) A^i'i'e y 
H3pa3HMa : 

ii-) "/J - £777 - -t(Fcos:§r 

Q 

c I^(Yx) _ i: (Fcos.^.x) 

'•^^^ ^ L(Y) '~ ^L(Pcos.p) ' 

/\,SiEM CDjie : X E Yj ea nanaAHEM TaqKaia j Ax ^ Ay 
saMeayjy HaM no'rnyHO a^th CHcreM ca^a P,, F^ n t. a- Ha- 
naAHe .MHHJe cH^a X h Z, aoboaho npoAy^ene ceKy ce y neKoj 
Taqi],H C, a nanaAna Ta^Ka pesyATaHie P A^Tur CHcreMa cH.ia 
HeKa je A, Koje cy Tame KoopAnnaTe ^ h | A'^Te jeAHaqnHaMa 
6.) H 7.) H Koja je laqKa y cHCTeiay cTa.aHa. Ho noniTO CH.ie 
X R Y 6yAeM0 OKpeHy.aH oko cbojhx HanaAHHX laqaKa Ax R 
Ay y jeAHOM m hctom cmecaj 3a jeAan n hcth yrao (p, to te 
ce MopaTH H pe3y.iTaHTa P cHcieMa oKpeHyTii 3a hcth yrao 9? 
y hctom ropaeai eaiHCAy oko cBOJe nanaAHB TaiKe A. IIpeMa 
TOie MH teMo 3a cBaKH Apyrn yrao 50 AoC)HJaTn h cbg APyi'e h 
Apyre Ta^Ke C, a iiodito ce Ta^Ke A, Ax h Ay npn TaKOM 
o6pTaH,y He Moaajy, to te ce TaK^a C KpeTaTH no nepn^epHJH 
CTa.iHor Kpyra kojh iipo.ia3H Kpo3 CTa^iHe TanKe A, Ax R Ay. 
H3 OBora H3Hiia3H 3a caaraae cTa.aHor cncTeia cnia obo Ba^KHo. 
KaA cAaiKeMO abb CH.ie P^ n P^ kojhx cy nanaAne Ta^Ke peAOM 
A^ E A^ CTaiiHe, sa^a Aa nanaAne iinnnje cH.aa P, n P^ npo- 
Aya^HMO AO npeceKa C, saTHM Ba.ta onncaTH oko Ta^aKa C, A^ 
H A Kpyr a 3aTHM nocTpoJHTH AHJaroHa.ay napa.aeAorpaMa cn^a 
Pj H P^, Koja AHJorona.ia neKa je FC gaeksl 2 ; rAe naM ncTa 
AHJoronayia npecene nepn^epHJy peqenor Kpyra, a to je y canun 
TaqKa A, to je onAa HCTa Ta^Ka h cpeAHUiTc ear naiiaAHa Ta^iKa 
pesyiiTanTe P CH.ia P^ n P^. 



128 o cPEAiiLUTy cii.iA y padiih y onaiTE 

ynoTpedibyjytiH Taico BHine nyra noMeHyra Kpyr, loateMO 
H iiyieM mrraita Hakn cHCTeMy cH.ia : P,, F.^ F^ h t. 4. o^ro- 
BapajyKe cpoAifmrft ion TjniKy HeiapHe paBHO'reme. 



^* ■""""' ■'■'■■ c •■ q" "■"'":■? "--Ss -^ 


y 


/S':^'\N 


\. 




M 


/ /' \ . • ^Vv 


)^ 


\:':': ■-: 

^^-'- 


A ''CD/ 


V V :^ 


/ \ 




^./^•y 


^"^^"""^""Vl^^ 




■ , » . . \_ ~ 


y / / 


1 \ -'" 




\ 


> / 


^^^H^^^^uSm^^I 






v6 


i^'A 




:/^T^ 


-7 - 


piM 







C ji H K a 2. 

Was, iiouiTu ce paqyHCKHM nyieM A'^jy Bp;io ^aKO oApeAH'm 
KOopAHHaxe TiiqaKa A^ m ^y, to Ba.La ncre KoopAHHaie napaqy- 
HaTH iia OHAa o6eAem.wm mgcto xa^KaMa A^ m ^y, Koje KaA cy 
oue^ieiKeHe Ba^a nycTHTH j\ii AejcxByjy na. hctg laqKe guaq X h 
r, HaiiaAHe .MHUje tux coa k.ia noAyaiHMo ao itnxoBor npeceKa 
AodnjiiMo TaqKy C, saTHJi Ba.i,a nocTpoJHTU Kpyr kojh iias Kpo3 
Taqne Ax, C a Ay, h ochm Tora join h AHJaroHa^iy napa^ieAO- 
rpaMa ciwa, Kora cy c/rpaHe X a Y, tag Han HCTa ceqe nepMe- 
pyjy peqenur Kpyra, a to he 6hth h. np. y Taqip A, to te 
HC/ra Taqita 6htii cpoAMiuTe CH^a X n 1^, A^K-ie 11 cpeAnniTO ij,e- 
;ior cHCTSMa ciwa P,, P,^ m t. a- kojh je eKBHBaAeHTaH CH^aMa 
X H r. IIoMeAJtH MeTOA OApel)HBaH)a xaqree A, jecie y iiOAa 
paqyncKH a y nojia rpa<i'HqKH. 

10. J[eKm()])ii 1882 y BeorpaAy. 

lirO'I'KCOP MEKAIlllKE V BEjI. UIKOylH. 



rPA<I>M^I^O nPE4CTAB./i>AHbE BPE4HOCTH 

npocTor 04HOCA TAMi^E y HHsy n 
SPAK^A y npAMEHy. 



H aKO je iipocT uahoc Ta/qse y eiisy n spaKJi y npaMeny 
ocHOBa npojeKTHBHoj reoMeipKJH, M.iaK join 40 x^^'^^ 
HHJe no3HaTO, a^ .0 ce BpeAHOCTH npocTor OAfloca laqKe y HH3y 
H spaKa y npaMeny Mory npeACTasHTH rpnoiiiKH; n y obom c^y- 
Majy, KJiKaB reoieTpMJCKH o6^iik OAroBapa thm BpeAHOCTHiia. \\QJb 
je OBe pacnpaBe, a^ OBy, TaKO-petiE, npasHHHy uonyHH. 

I. 

rpa*H4K0 npeACTEBAafte BpeAuocxii npocTor OAHOca 
TEHKe y HMsy. 

1. 
Cbg Ta^Ke npaBe .innflje nasBateMo hh3. KaA osnaiiHMo 
OBaj HH3 ca t, jeAHy cia^iHy xaqKy y aeuy ca A, ociojaite 
6yAH Koje Apyre, npoieHAHBe, laqKe Z y aeMy oa cra^ne 
TaqKe, 3ajeAH0 ca 3HaK0M ca a, h nanociieAKy noraio yiBpAHMO 
CMHcao no^oatHor ocTOJaaa AO^HJaio, a^ jeAHaqana 

AX = a 

npeACiaBjLa caMo laqKy X y Hn3y t. 

KaA y HH3y t y3MeM0 abg cia^ne laqKe n 03HaqHM0 
Hx ca A R B, ?L 6yAH Kojy xpety, npoMenybBBy, laqKy y 

r.lACHHK LIV. ' 9 



130 rPA'MIHKO nPE4CTAB.tAH>E BPE4HOCTII 

aesiy ca X, I'a^a je osa laqKa xaKoije noxnyHO onpe^eibeHa 

OAHOCOM 

AX 
BX' 

Osaj OAHOC 30BeM0 npoci oahoc laiKe X y HHsy t 
npeaia ocrojaay AB onpeAe^eHor oueMa cia^HUM xaqKaMa A h 
B. Ta^Ka X jecie t a q k a n o a e ii e h to y h y t p a m h> a h^h 
cno.tainiLa KaKO Ka^ Aems y ocrojaiby^/? h^h HSBan aera. 

IIpeMa nojioatajy xa^Ke X npnnaAa h npocxoM oAHOcy 

AX 

-^:rr eacBHM H3BecxaH 3HaK. OHJe nojLOJKaH, KaAJeX 

nX 

cnoAamaa a OApe^aB, Ka^jeX yHyxpamaa xa^Ka 
iioAe.ie; jep cy y npsoM c^yqajy ocxojaita AX h BX ncxor 
cMHCJia ;i y ApyroM cynpoxHor, na npeia tomg y npBOM c;iy- 
qnjy osHaqeHa cy jeAHaKO a y ApyroM nejeAHaKO. 

,l,a je Aoncxa xa^Ka X, na Ma tj\,q 6ear y BH3y t, nox- 

AX 

nyHO onpeAeAGHa oahocom "^Ty' ^o^eMO ce Haj^aKme yBepnxn, 

KaA 3aMHc;iHMo, jxa ce no HH3y f noKpete. TaAa IiGmo AOSHaxn, 
Aa H3BecBoj xaqiffl X y HH3y f npaiiaAa c a m o j e a h a BpeA- 

AX 

Hocx npocxor OAHOca -^7^ h oopaxHo, a^ H3BecH0j speAHOCxn 

^X 

npocxor OAHOca -j^y npnnaAa c a m j e a n a xaqKa y Hn3y t. 

y Hcxo Bpesie A03HaLeMo, Aa ce: KpexaaeM TaqKeXn3- 
Mei)y A n B BpeAHOcx npocxor OAHOca Meaa oa 
Oaooo; Kpexan^eM npeKo B oaocao-|- 1; n nano- 
c^eAKy KpexaftBM npeKO ^ oa ao + 1. 

Mecxo xaqKe X y HH3y t, Koje OAronapa H3BecH0J BpeA- 

AX 

Hocm npocxor OAHc>ca -^r^, MoateJio na npocx Haqnn naLn. ^a 

Hal}eMO xaqiiy X n3 OAHOca 



rPA'MIMKO riPEACTAB^AlI.E BPKAHOCTH 



131 



AX in 

BX ^ ^^ 



(1) 



Kojii nciOHHHM 3HaK0M ^aJG cnoAamifcy a OApeqHHM yHyrpauiity 
Tu^iKy no^e^e X. 

y upBOM c^yMajy Tpeoa noByKii 113 A 11 B (c.iHKa 1.) ^ne 
napa^eiiHe ^HHflje Ha Mcry crpaHy o;\, AB m oAcetiH Ha ftDJia 
^yiKHHe AA^ = m 11 BB^ = n. IIpBa .iHHHJa, Koja cacTaB.i,a 
TaqKe A^ II B^, iipo^yaceHa, celiM he hh3 t y Tpa^Keny Ta^iKy X. 
II n3 c^HKe ce bhah, ;V' iie TatiKa X ^e^a-rii na crpaHH B, 




C A 11 K a 1 . 

Ka^ je 1)1 ^n 11 na crpaHU ^, Ka^ je m<^n (Kao X,). 3a 
m = )i AQTR-Ae y 6e3K0HaiH0CTH (itao X'x). 

y ApyroM c^ynajy ipeda noBytu napaiie^He .lUHnje n3 A 
E B EH pasHHM cTp;!HaMa AB II npeneTir na H,HMa Aya^nne 
AA^ = m H BB^ — n] h npaBa ^MHHJa, KOJa cacTaB^ta xa^Ke 
A^ H B,, cetiii tie hh3 ^ y X OB^e, Ta^iKa X .leaiaiie 6.msRe 
B KaA je m ^ — n, a o^HiKe A khji, je m <^ — n. 3a 
^u = — n Aesei'\he y no^iOBHHn ocTojaita AB (Kao iT). CjiHcao 
no^oacHor ociojafta y 06a c^y^iaja, raio Le BpOAiiTii ii y 6\- 
Aytie, yseT je npaBueai A Ka ^ n oa nnsa f Ha Bnrae, iuto je 

H Ha C^HUII HpeACTaBAeHO CTpe.lHlI,OM. 

9' 



132 • rPA<J>llMKO nPE4CTAB.l.AH>E BPE4H0CTH 

BpeAHOCT npocT oAHuca raqKe X y Hnay t MoaieMO Ha 

AX ^ ^ 

join je^aH HaqnH napa^iiTii. KaA CTasHMO j^ = o, AB = a, 

AX = d, TO c o63HpoM Ha je^HagHHy 

AB -^ BX = AX 

Koja nocTOJu, na Ma KaKO .leata^a laqKa X npeMa TaqKama A 
H J5, AOoHJaMo A« je 

,y=y^ (2) 

y Kojoj jeAHaqnHM ^/ Moaie niaTH cbg Jioryte speAHOCTH. 

KaA je (I = (I, TaAa je J* = oc n X HOKiiana .B; 
„ „ d <^ a, „ „ S OApeqHO n X Aem.ii asMet^y A r B] 
„ „ d ^ a, „ „ J HOTioaieHO h X aqsre nsBan AB. 

KaA uaK jeAHa^iBHH (2) a<<mo ()6.ihk 

1 — a 

TaAa je: 

3a c? = 0, ()' = H X HOKjiana TaqKy -4; 
„ ^/ =- ± r>o, ()' — -)- 1 H X ;ieaKH y desKOHaqHocra ; 

„ r/ = 2" a, ()* = — 1m X hojIobh ocTOJaae AB. 

3,aoe, CBaKOJ H3BecH0J TaqKH X y hhsy t iipHnaAa caMO 
AX 

JGAHa BpeAHOCT OAHOCa "Dy- 

H:j jeAHaqHHe (2) cLOAyje m je 
(J 



rPA*H«lKO nPEACTABAAH>E BPEAHOCTH 133 

T. j. Aa H3BecTH0J BpeAHocTH () upflQaAa jeAHa laMKa X y 
HH3y t. 

II3 oue naK jeAHaqnHe (2) ii (8) c^eAyje, m, kho toa 
niTo cBaKuj laqKH X y HH3y ^ npnnaAa c a m o j e a h a b p e a- 
H c T d, TaKo HCTO CBaKoj BpeAHOCTH d npHnaAit c a mo j e a h a 
T a M K a X. 

IIpeMa OBOMG reoMeTpnjcKo snaqe^e BpeAHOcrn npocTor oa- 
Hoca jecie laqKa y Hiisy, ii KaA je OBa bpoahoct ii03HaTa, jioaie 
ce Hatn h Ta^Ka (no 1.), Koja joj OAi'OBapa. (la iiOKpeTaifceM 
TaqKe y HH3y Meita ce h BpeAHOCT npocroM OAHOcy, u mh cmo 
nam.iH, x<^ KaA 'faqKa y noKpexy cbom npoije neo Hn3, Aa 'f^Aa 
n BpeAHOCT npocTor OAHOca Ao6HJa cBe MoryKe BpeAHocin. Epn 
KpeiaiLy ibenuM h3 ue3K0HaqH0CTn ao A BpeAHOcT je iipucior 
OAHOca no.'ioatHa h onaAa oa -f- 1 AO ; npn Aa^eM Kpeiaity 
OA A AO B BpeAHOCT je fteroBa oApe^iHa n pacxn oa ao oc; 
n HanocieAKy npn iipOAyjKeHuM KpeTaity oa B y (lesKOHaqHOCT 
BpeAHOCT je H>eroBa no^ioaiHa n oiuua oa ''c ao = 1. 

IIpeMa oBaKOM pacTeity h onaAaay bpcahocth iipuCTor oa- 
Hoca TaqKe, mh nocTaBjtaMo ce6H nuxaifce : j e .in y o n m t e 
rpaonqna npecTaaa pacTefta u (»naAaH>a BpeAHo- 
c t H n p c T r o a h o c a t a i k e , KaA o h a y n o k p e t y 
npoyia3H i^eo hh3, Moryiia? ny obom c^y^ajy, Ka- 
KBHM je reoMeTpiijcKHM oojIhkom o^HMena? 

IIo3HaTO HaM je, Aa H3BecTH0J BpeAHocxn npocTor oAHOca 
npanaAa caMO jeAHa xaqKa y HH3y. IIosnaTo naM je n to, KaKO 
ce OBa TaqKa, h3 nosHaTe BpeAHocTH npocTor OAHOca, Ha HH3y 
Ha^asH. KaA 6h caAa y CBaKoj, thm HaqnnoM n3 pa3.inqHEX no- 
3HaTHx BpeAHOCTH, AO^HJeHoj TaHKH y HU3y noAUMu oABecne na 
caM HH3 H Ha H>HMa npene^H no3flaTe BpeAHOCTH npocTor OAHOca 
(c o63HpoM Ha 3HaK), Koje H,HMa npnnaAiijy, AOf>H^n '"'M TaAa 
HOBe Ta^Ke, Koje KaA ^h cacTasHiiH, Aa-ie oh naM oHaj reoMe- 
TpnjcKH o6ahk, KOJH 6h noKa3HBao, KaKO ce BpeAHOCT npuCTor 
OAHoca Me^a ca HoKpeTaaeM TaqKe ho Hfl3y. 4,aKje, rpa'tuHKa 



134 rPA<I>imKO riPE4,CTAB.bAH.E BPE^lHOCTIl 

npecTHBa je Moryta a ipa^eHH reoMexpHJcKH o6aek je totob ; 
H caAa ocTii.io Haji je jom a^ noKa^ejio KaKas je? ;l,a HHJe 
c^iyqaJHO Kojn oa naMa Beti noanaTHx reoMeipujcKHX ooAHKa ? 

Jl,a 6a juiu n Ha obo nnxaifce OAroBopH^H, nocAy^HkeMO 
ce najia noanaTOM jeAHaqanoM (2) 

a — a 

KaA y OBOJ jeAHaqiiHH, c^inqHO rpaMqKOM npeAcraB.Laifcy 
4)yHKUiija, craBiiMo d =^ y u d =^ x, Ta^a je 



y = 



(i) 



xy — 'ly — ^ = (4'). 

OBa jeAHaqHHa 2-or crenefla npecTaB.La p a b h o c t p a h y 
xunepuo^y y OAHOcy Ha npaBoyra^HH KoopAflHaTHH cHcieM, 
KuMe noqexHa xaqKa ;iea:H y jeAHoj xa^KH XHnep6ojie a Koop- 
AHHaxne ocoBHHe leKy napa^e^Ho ca acHMxoxaMa XHnep6ojie. 

SaMBHOM naK x = x^ -\- a h y = y^ -\- I aoboah ce 
joAHaqnHa (V) na 

■^, y, = « (5) 

T. j. Ha jeAHaquHy paBHOcxpane xnnep6o^e y oahocv Ha ftene 
acHMxoxe xaitOBa cBOJcxBa, Aa je cpaBoyraoHHK n3 ko- 
.|M.HHaxa npoH3BOjLHe xaqKe XHnep6o^e napa- 
.;'i!iux acMiixoxeMa cxajian h paBan ocxojafty 
c X a .Ml n X r a q a k a A ii B h n 3 a f. 

{'.I A ii'MOBnHv MaBHe ucoBHHe Xflnep6o.ae, Koja je paBna 
::i-;iocHHii cHopeAHe H>eHe ocoBHHe, osnaqaMo ca 7n, xaAa je 



m 



= 1/2 a. 



rPA*imKO IlPEACTAB^bAtbE B['i;,UIOCTII 



13i 



jep ocoBHHe XHnep6oAe no^OBe o6a jtah, Koje acHMioie iteHe 
saoajajy. EKi^eHipnuHTeT naK one xanepoo^e, Ka^ ra 03Ha- 
qHMO ca 

OxjAa H3B0AHM0, x^ je reoMexpHJCKH oo^hk, kojh noKa- 
3yje paeieite n oiuiAaae BpeAHOcra npocTor o^noca laqKe y 
HH3y paBHocTpana xnnepdoja; h Kojy cmo na c^ihuh 2. 

upeACTRBH^H H osHaiH^H ca d\ npesia jeAHHHHH Aya^nne = 



1 
1 

\ 
\ 


'iK/^ 


\ 
\ 

\ 




— / y 


,-- -5i?--^— 

/' » > 1 » > 

fe x 



C Ji u K a 2. 

KaA 3aMHCiiiiM0, ^a ce ca KperaiteM xa^Ke X y Hn3y ^, 
noKpete y hcto Bpeuie h AOxnqHa laqEa Y xHnep6<Me, OHAa bu- 
AHMo, Ao ca Ta^KOM X h3 6e3KOHaiiHocTii A0.ia3fl y hcto BpeMe 
H Y ii3 decKOHa^HocTM H Ka^ X Aocne y ^4 , Aa te y hcto 
Bpeie H Y uHTU y A, Ca KpeTaH,eii TaqKe npeKo A, Kpete 
ce H Y npeKo ^i h KaA X npncne y ^, .Aa te ce Y nary- 



136 rPA-tH'IKO nPE4,CTAB.bAH>E BPEAHOCTII 

6hth y 6e3K0HaqH0CT. Hanoc^eAKy ca KpeiaaeM laqKe X npeKO 
B y 6e3K0HaMH0CT iioKpehe ce h Y h3 6e3K0HaqHocTn y 6&.i- 
KOHaKHOCT. Obo ysajiiHnqKu Kpeiaite osHa^eHO je cTpe.iHuuM na 

rOpitOJ (MHUII. 

^HH HaM ce Kao yjieciHo. 6ani na obom mgcty no3a6a- 
BHTH ce je.AHroi EHTafteM Koje ce noKyraaBa ^a pema npojeK- 
THBHOM renMeipiijoM. IlHTafte je obo : Aa seaa csaKH hh3 caMo 
jeAHy 6e3KOHaqHy laqKy ? 

HiiajyLii na yiy to, xa CBaKoj tutikh y nnsy OAroBapa 
caMo jeAHa BpeAHocr npocior oAHoca m oopaTHO, Aa nsBecTHOj 
BpeAHOcrn npocior OAHOca npanaAa caMo jeAfla laqKa y HH3y; 
D, niTO je BpeAHOCT npocior OAHOca 3a 6e3KOHa^Hy ra^Ky nnsa 
Ha CTpiiHH A a.in B ysoK paBHa -f- 1, muc.ieao ce, Aa ce 
cMe aaK.iyqirm, Aa cBaKn hh3 njia caMo jeAfly 'raqfty 6e3KOHa- 
Mny. A.in, KaK'i je speAHOCT npocror OAHOca 3a oeaKOHaqny laqKy 
HH3a c Tora -|- 1 , niiu je AX = BX, a KaKO 3a cnaKy 663- 
Kona^Hy la^Ky (a ne caio 3a jeAHy) ii3He3aBa pasiinKa noiio- 
jKaja npGMa TaqKaMa y KOEaqnoM ociojajty i. j. KaKO je 3a 
CBaKy 6e3K'!HaqHy laqKy yBeK AX — BX, na AaK^e h BpeA- 
Hocr npocTor OAHOca -f 1, to ce He mojEc" hh 3aK.'byqHTH, Aa 
CBaKH Hn:^ HMa chmo jOAHy TaqKy desKOHaqny. Hajenme niTO 
ce MojKe, OBO je: Aa cBaKH hh3, na sia HMao h BHme 6e3- 
KOHaqHMx TaqaKH, Mopa ce y joahoj saK.tyqaBaTH. Ha oBaKBH 
3aK.'byqaK M^aieMo AoiiH h nocMaTpaftesi BpeAHOCin npocior oa- 
Hoca 3a cia^iny laqKy B. 3a ly laqKy BpeAHOCi je npocior 
OAHOca r%i ; jep ^esKonaqno o^Hsy le laiKe c jeAHe h c APyre 
CI pane BpeAHoc je -f '>© n — oc. IIpeMa loie y la^KH B je 
npe;ia3 bpoahmcth npocior OAHOca h3 -|- oc y — oo, laKO hcio, 
Kao inio je y laqu A npejia3 h3 no.ioaiHHX BpeAHocin npocior 
oAHOca y (iA[)(^HHe Kpi 3 0. ,J,aoe , n Kao roA fflio la^Ka A 
OAroBiipa CiiMo ji'Ana BpeAHOCT (0) npocior OAHOca, laKO hcio 
H laqiiH B OAroBapa canto jOAna BpeAHOCi [oc) ncior oAHOca, 
Koja je iipeAi'iaB.ieHa oAne.'HOM ^nHnjoi y B Ha hh3. . 



IPA-MIMKO Ill'E4CTAB-tAH.F HPE^HOrxu 137 

Oea oABecHa ABenja HMajyLii caMO jeAHy laqny :?ajeAHiiiKy 
ca XHnep6o^OM, Koja ;iemn y uesKOHaqHocrii, Jiopa n^ iipoAy- 
aieHa Ha o6e crpaHe HH3a saKityqnTU y toj xaqKH, y Kujuj ce 
y HCTO BpeMe h XHiiep6o^a BaKAyqyje. A 3a cee one Taqne, 
Koje .le^e 6e3KOHaqHO 6Amy loj oesKDHaqHoj TaqKii, BpeAH oho 
HCTO, HiTo BpoAH H :ia CBe OHe TaKe , Koje Aei&G uesKOHaqflo 
6^03y TaqKe A, u KaA 6u hrm one oH^e na AOMeAy, Kao one, 
6e3 cyMH^e 6h nncrynHH iipe^a3 6m hcth, Kao n koa obhx no- 
MeABHX. IHto iiaK , oahocho 3aK.i>yqaBaH>a y CesKoHaqHocTH, 
BpeAH 3a OABecHy ^HHHJy y B, BpeAHtie 6e3 cyMBe n 3a hhs f. 

Hanoc^eAKy KaA y3MeM0, Kao mio naai ce npeciaBAa, Aa 
ce CBC TaqKe , Koje ^e5Ke desKOHaqno 6Amy TaqKe A noKAa- 
Hajy ca TaqKOM A, oHAa Mopaaio y3eTH, j\,ii ce h CBe TaqKe, 
Koje ^eaie oesKOHaqno 6^H3y 6e3KOflaqHe TaqKe c H)0m noKjia- 
najy, n camo je TaKo onpaBAana MorytiHOCT en mo jeAHe oe3KO- 
Haqne TaqKe y Hn3v f. 



2, 

HaniJiH CMO, a^i je "Ahocom j^y CBUKa TaqKa X y flHsy 

t HOTnyno onpeAe.teHa h a^ je reoMeTpnjcKH o6;ihk MeH.aH>a 
speAHOCTH Tor OAHOca ca noKpeTaBeM TaqKe X no HH3y pa- 
BHOCTpana XHnep6o.ia. Xak HSKJiyqyjyliH penHnpouHTeT h npeT- 
HOCTaBJtajyliH CMHcao Ho^ioaiHor 0CT0JaH.a yneK npaBn;eM oa A 
Ka B, HHJe TemKo A0Ka3aTH, a^^ je h OAHocHMa 



AX=^^ (^^ 

BX = '^ ^^) 



TaqKa X y HH3y t noTnyHO onpeAe^teHa. 



138 rPA*HMKO nPEACTAB^AltE BPEAHOCTU 

y noTBp^y OBora aobo.iho je, aKO cmo y craity j;oKa3aTH, 
^a ce BpeAHOCTH oaeocax d\ h d^ Mory HspasHTn o^hocom S. H 
OBO je yBBK MoryLe, KaA ce nocjy^HMO noanaTOM jeAaqsHOM 

AB + BX = AX, 

Koja yBBK nocTOJH, na Ma KaKaB nojioataj fljia^a laiKa X npesia 
Ta^Kaiia A a B. 

KaA n3 noe^GAfte jeAHaqHse nsHat^eMo BpeAflocr 3a AB 
H 3aMeHHMo je y (6) h (7), AO^njaio, a^ je 



0, = I — — — , H 

AX' 



'^^ = BX 



AX ^ BX. 1 
H 3aMeH0M noqeM je -^^ — "? "Jy ~ ~^ 



^, = 1 - i (S) 

1 = ^-1 (9). 



06e OBe jeAHaqane iiOKa3yjy, Aa hsbgchoj BpeAHocm <^ oa- 
roBapa caMo jeAHa ii3BecTHa BpeAH;t ^^ n d.^. OiyAa CjteAyje, 
Aa H3BecTHoj BpOAHOi-Tii rj", H.iH d^ OAroBapa eaio JBAHa laqKa 
y Hii3y t, iioqoM u^bgcthoj BpeAHOciH <)' oAroeapa caio jeAHa 
TaqKa y HH3y, h o6paTHo. OxyAa c^eAyje n to, x^i cy reoMe- 
Ti>njcKH o6ar[1}\, KOJH o^HqaBajy MeBaae BpeAHocTH o6a npocra 
OAHOca ()\ H ()\ ca iioKpeTiiH>eM raqKO no nnsy TaFtolje paBHO- 
cTpane xiinepuo^e, Kojusia fcejio jeAHaquee natiH, kha cra- 

BHMU Ail j<i 



rPA-tHHKO nPE4CTAB.bAIbE Bf'KAHOCTU 139 

^\ = .y. ^, = y, 

H 3a (5* ysMeMO nuaHaiy speAHocT 



X 

y = 



oc a 
Jep aaMGHOM y (8) m (9) AoOujaMo 

xy^ = a . . . , (10) 

■^2/, — (^^2 — « = (11) 

Koja, nocwie/],H)a, .laKO ce saMenoM 

y^= y,^_ ]i X = x^ -\- a 
AOBO/pi Ha HopMa.iHy $opMy 

^^y^ = tt (12). 

06e xnifep6(Me (10) h (11) npeAcraB.ieHe cy na c.ihuh 2, 
H ('SHaqene npeia BpeAHOcmMa npccxHX oAHoca, Koje npeACia- 

B.tajy, ca o^ n o^? noMOhy jeAnHHii,e Aya^HHe — p— • 

II. 

Tpa^MiKO npeACTHB.tafte BpeAHOCTii npocxor OAHOca spaKa 

y npaaiCHy. 

3. 

Cbo spaKe, kojh npcaase Kpo3 jeAHy laqKy 30BeM0 CHon. 
OBy Ta^iKy i^eHxap cHona. KaA cbh 3paip Aeaie y jeAHOJ 

paBHHHH, OHAa CHOfl 3066110 H p a M 6 H, a Ta^Ky, Kp03 KOJy CBH 

H.eroBH 3paip npo^a3e, i;eHTap npaMena. 



140 rPA<l>MMKO nPEACTAB.bAH>E BPE4H0CTH 

lisLfl, A B a c T a j1 H a 3 p a k a a a h iipaMena ca i],eHTpoM 
npoAjise Kpu3 o6e ciaAHe laqKe A e B HH3a t, OH/i,a CBaKH 
TpetiH, npuuieHAHBH, 3paK X npaiena, kojh npo^a3H Kpo3 ao- 
THiHy Ta^Kj X Hii3a noinyHO je onpeAe^eH o^hucom 

sin (a, x) 
sin (b, x) 

Yi2ij\, ypjioBe, Koje npoMeH.i,UBn 3paK x ca o6a cia^Ha 3paKa a 
H h 3aKjiana, o3Haqii3io upociu ca (a, x) h (h, x). 

OBaj OAHOC 30BeM0 n p c T o a h o c npoJieHAHBor spaKa x 
npeia CTa^HHJi 3pai]^Ma a u />. CaM naK span x soseMo 3 p a k 
noAGjie H TO yHyxpamftn n^ii c n o .t a m a n , KaKO Ka ^ 
^eatH y yr.iy (a, h) hjh n3BaH itera. 

Ka^ ca noKpe'raiteM npOMenjMBe laqKe X y HH3y t 3a- 
MHCJHMO y HCTO BpsMG n odpTaite iipoMen.LHBor 3paKa x npa- 
Mena ca i],eHTpoM O, oko OBur ueHipa, OHAa mo^gmo ysein, ;],a 
je CMHdOM noKpeTaifca laqKe X y hcto Bpeie yiBpt^eH h cMHcao 
o6pTaita 3paKa x. 

OiyAa CAeAyje, a;i npeaia no/iOiKajy 3paKa .r npnnaAa h 

npocTOM oAHocy — — y. — r cacBMi H3BecTaH 3HaK. Oh ie n o a o- 
^ ^ sin(b,xj '' 

3K e H, K a A j e x c n o .i a in h> h, a o a p e i a h, k a a j e x y h y- 

T p a m H, H 3paK iioj^nAe ; jep y npsoM cayqajy MoacoMo 3aMH- 

CAHTM, Aa cy yrjioBH (a, x) h (b, x) nocra^H odp'raiteM 3paKa 

X y HCTOM cMHc^y, a y APyroM y cynpoiHoi cMHC^iy n xaKO cy 

y npBoM c^yqajy oanaqeHH jeAHaKo a y APyroM nejeAHaKO. Ila 

noqeM, Kao mTo cy obh yr^OBH 03HaqeHH, laKO cy hcto osnaqenH 

sin (a, x) 

H H>HXOBH CHHyCH, TO je H BpeAHOCT npOCTOF OAHOCa 7; — w . 

i^tTl ( '-'j XJ 

iio^ioatHa HAH oApeqna, KaKO cy koa oua cHHyca jeAHaKO hah 
HejeAHaKo osnaqeHa. 

KaA 3aMiicAHMo , Aa ce iipoMeH.wmn 3paK x oko i],eHTpa 
O iiitaMGHa onplio onaKO hcto, Kao niTO cmo koa HH3a 3aMH- 



rPA^HMKO nPE4CTAB.bAH.E BPE4UUCT1I 141 

CjIHah, Aa C6 upoMeHitHBa TaiKa X noKpeke, OHAa tieMO naLa 

H OBAe KOA npaMGHa, Aa CBaKOM iteroBOM apaKy npiinnAa casio 

sin (a, x) 
jeAHa BpeAHOCT npocTor OAHOca ^-77 — -i h o6paTHo, Aa h3- 

Slfh ("Qi x) 

BecTHoj BpeAHOcm iipocTor OAHoca • //' x iipnnaAa caMO 

jeA^H 3paK X y npaMeny. Thm naqiiHOM natn LeMO, a«i ee 
u p T a tt. e M 3 p a K x h 3 m e i) a n h b p e a h c i i[ p c t r 
A H c a M e H) a a a oc ; 6 p t a h> e m h 3 b a h y r j1 a 
(a,h) Ha c T p a H 11 h a 00 A " -|- 1 ; h h a ii c j1 e a k y 
H3BaH fa, ^y) Ha crpaHS a ua ao + 1- 

BpeAHOCT npocTor oAHOca 3paKa x y npaMeny Moatejio na 
joffl jeAaH HaqHH HspasHTH. KaA osnaqaMo BpeAHocT oAHOca 

?^^'^ = S* ,13) 

Sin (a, x) ' 

OHAa, KaKO je ysoK 

(a,h) -\- (h, x) = (a, x) 
h;ih 

(h, x) = (a, x) — (a, h) 

H3 saMGHe y (13) cAeAyje: 

a* = ^ (U) 

cos (a,b) — sin (a, h) cotg (a, x) 

I'Ae (a, x) MOJKG HMaTH CBG Moryte BpeAHOcin. 

KaA je (a, x) = (a, h), oHAa je 8* = og m x noK^ana h] 
„ „ (a,x) --=0, „ ^ d*=-0 „ X 

„ „ (a, x) = l^(a,h) „ „ d*:^—lJix ho^obh (a, h). 

y OBOM HOc^eAftSM c^yqajy, Aa 611 AOuHyiH BpeAHucx ()* ipeCa 
y jeAHaqHHH (H) yqnHHTH 3aMeHy 



142 rPA*HMKO IIPEACTABAAILE BPEJ,HOCTH 

I sin (a, h) 

cotg 2- (a, b) = i_,,,^^^jy 

Hanoc^ieAKy, kjia x hojiobh enojtamitH yro cia^HHX spa- 
KOBa a n h Ha jeAHy h^ APyry CTpany, AOoHJaMO y o6a c;iy- 
qaja d* = -\- I; jep, KaKO o6a 3paKa cc, oa kojhx jeAan no- 
^OBH yHyTpaman yro a APym ciio.Lamitn CTOJe jeAan na Apyro 
OABecHO, TO je 

cotg (a, x) = — tg — (a, h) 

n saiieHoM y jeAHaqnny (li) AoCujaMo 

1 



()^* = 



cos (a, h) -\- sin (a, h) tg -^ (a, h) 



TAB, KaA yiHHHMO ynoTpeoy oa nosHaie TpHroHHMeTpHJcKe 
$opMy;ie 

I sin (a, I') 

Ao^HteMo, Bp^io ^aKo, A'l je J* = -|- 1. 

Kao roA niTO us jeAHaqaHe (14) c^eAyje, Aa CBaKOM spaKy 
X y npaMeny npanaAa caMo jeAHa BpeAHOcT d*, laKO hcto m3 
jeAHaqHHe 

d* cos (a, h) — 1 ..-. 

cotg(a,xJ= -- ^* sin (a, h) ^'^ 

Kojy cMo AouH^H H3 jeAHaMHHe (14), cteAyje, a^ nsBeciHOJ BpeA- 
HccTH (P npanaAa caMo jeAan n3BecTaH 3paK x y npaieHy. 

KaA cpaBHUMO BpeAHOcru iipocror OAHOca ^^ -raMKe A y 

sin {Qi X ) 
Hii3y ca BpeAHocTHMa npocTor OAHOca ^-^^tt — ) spaKa x y npa- 



rPA*HMKO nf^EACTABjbAlhE BPEAHULTll 143 

MGHy H KaA ysMeMo, ^a Kpo3 CBaKy xayKy X hhsr iipo^aau A"- 
TH^aH 3paK .r npaMena, oHAa bh^hmo, ^a y oiinne BiteAHicni 
npocTor OAHoca Ta^Ke Huuy paBHe BpeAHucmMa upocTor OAU"i'a 
3paKa. C^MO y ohom c^yqajy, y KOiie apaiyi, kujh yHyrpamH.ii 
H cnoAamifcH yro spaKOBa a a b iio^ioBe, npo^ase Kpo3 TayKe 
y HH3y ca hcthm BpeAHocTHsia, momh 6h yeaiipeA saKJtyqfliH, 
Aa te BpeAHOCTH o6a OAHOca 6wm jeAHaKe. Taj c.iyq;ij nacry- 
nnte xaAa, k<ia ueHiap npaiieHa ^leatu y uABecHuj ^uhhjii iio- 
AHrnyTOJ na hh3 y no^OBHHH 0CT()jaH.a AB. 

Mh heMO Aa o6paTHMO Hamy naatity npBO Ha Taj c^y^aj 
a npn CBpmeTKy noBpaTHteMO ce Ha onrani cjiyqaj. 

KoA oBor ciiyqaja MoaieMo Aa pasjHKyjeMo xpn hoa-Cjiy- 

> 
qaja, T. j. (a, h) - 90". 

/],a nocMaxpaMO Hiijnpe noA-CjiyTiaj (a, h) = 90". Tpa- 

sin (a, x) 
$HqKO npeAcxaB.'taH.e BpeAflocxn npocxor OAHOca — — -^ — r mo- 

meMo Ha c^aeAeliH Ha^nn ii3BpmHXH. IIoqeM Le, upoMGHJLHBn, 3paK 
X npojiasHXH yseK Kpo3 AoxnqHy xaqKy Hii3a t, xpe6a Hatn 3a 
CBaKH noByqeHH 3paE oahoc nsjiei^y fteroBiix cuHyca, Koje oh 3a- 
KAana ca oda cxa^/iHa 3paKa a in. h, na BpeAHOCX xora uAHOca 
npenexH na oABecne noAHrnyxe y xaqKaia nnsa t, Kpoa Koje 
3paK X npo^iasH. Thmg Ao6ntieMo xaiKe oHor reomexpHJCKor ou- 
iiHKa, KOJH te noKa3HBaxH, KaKO ce ca o()pxaH.eM spaKa a oko 
i^enxpa npaMena Meaa h BpeAHOcx npocxor oAHOca xora spaKa 
npesia o6a cxa^ina spaKa a n h. 

\a\l, KaKO ce y obom cayqajy BpeAHOcx npocxor oAHOca 
Moaie npocxHJe npeAcxannxn, xo ce n xpaatenn reoMexpajcKii o6- 
iiHK MoaKO jiaKo HaD,pTaxH. Jep KaKO je yBOK 

(a, h) -f- (h, x) = (a, x) 
n y OBOM ciyiiajy (a, h) = 90^ nocteAVJe, Aa je 



144 



rPA^IIMKO llPE4CTAB.bAH.E BPEAHOCTH 



COS (b, x) = sin (a, x) 



H saMeHuM y je^HaqnHii (13) 



(J* = cotg (bf x) 



(16) 



T. j. BpeAHuoTH 8* paBHe cy KOTaHreHin yr.ia, 
Kojn ninnieHAHBH span x npaMena saii^iana ca 
C T a j1 H u M 3 J) a K M b. 

EaKo je naK, Ha nosHaTU Ha^nH, jiaito Hatn KOTaHreHiy 
(b, xj, KaA je 3paK npameHa noByqeH, to c^e/i,yje, xd je h Bpe^- 
HOCT 'J* 3a CBaKH 3paK ^aKO HaliH reoMeTpiijcKHM nyxeai. Ha 
KaK» TH.M HaqHHOM MOJKeio 3a CBaKH 3paK X npaMGHa, KOJH npo- 
^a3H Kpo3 AOTHqHy TaqKy X Ew.m Hatn KOTaHroHTy H3paaKeHy 
H3BecTH0M APyJKHHOM, TO JG If ipaMqKO npe^cTaBAaifce epeAHocTH 
()■* y OBOM c^yqajy OABeL AaKO h npocTO. 

Hanoc^BAKy, a^ f»H A03HaiiH, KaKBHM je reoMeTpnjcKHM 06- 
jiHKOM o^nqana OBa rpaMUKa npecxaBa BpeAHOCTH S*, cnycTH- 
IjOmo h3 TaqKe X HH3a t, Kpo3 Kojy npo^a3H spaK x npaMena, 
OABecne na 06a cTa^iHa spaKa a h ft n osHaqatieMo npojeKii^je 
TaqKe X Ha ftnia ca M n N {cakka 3.). TaAa je 




C .1 11 K a 3. 



rPA*M^KO 1II'E4CTAB^>AH.E I!IL;,UI0CTM 145 

MX 
cotf)(b,x) = ^^' 

Ajh, KciKO H3 A ^iJ/A' — A BNX cji-CAyje 
MX X 

=:r , TO le M 

NX x — a ^ 



X 

cotg(b,x) = , m;ih 

X Cl 



d^= — - (17). 

X — a 



KaA cpaBHHMo jeAHca^HHe (4) h (17) na^asHMo Aa je 

T. j. Aa, je reoMeTpHJCKH 06 ask rpa$HiKe npecrjiBe 
BpeAHOCTH npocTor OAHoca spaiui y npameHy hcto- 
B e T a H c a r e m e p t h j c k h m 6 ^ h k m n p e t r a- 
Hoca TaqKe y HH3y. J[mAe paBHOCTpana XHnep6o;ia 
ca no^oBHHOM ocoBHHe [/ 2a h eKueHTpHi],HTeTOM 2 Va. Oi^a 
je xnnepdo^a npeACTaBAena Ha c;iniiH 4. iipesia jeAHHHUH AyJRHHe 

AB 

-p— H 03HaqeHa je ca o''\ 

3a APyra Ami noA-c.ayMaja, lUiA je (a, h) -^ 90" momu 

6h Ha flCTH Ha-MHH AOKasaTB , Aft je BpeAHucT npocror OAHOCa 
3paKa y npajieny panan BpeAHOCTH npocTor OAHOca laMKe y 
HH3y H iipeMa tomc , a^i oBa, jeAHaEoei He3aBHCH hh Ma^io oa 
Be^HTJHHe (a, h), caMo oa ueHipa npaMena AQM^i na oabg- 
CHOJ HOAHrnyTOJ y hojobhhh ocTojaH.a AB. 

Obo ce Mo^e h Ha ciieAeliH mmm AOKasara {cahkh '4.). 

II3 uoBpmHHa A AOX h A BOX 

MACHHK LIV. If 



146 



rPA<I>HMKO nPE4CTABAAH>E BPE^HOCTH 




cACAyje : 



C ji H K a 4. 



-5- AX.Oir = -^ AO.XO sin (a, x) 
Y BX.OH = Y BO.XO sin(b, x) 



AO.XO 
AX = — nTT~ ^^^ (^i ^) 



BO.XO 

BX = — ?W7^" ^^^ (^j '^)' 

A. HI iio'ioM je AO ^^ BO, to jo n 

AX _ sin (a, x) 
BX sin (h, x) 



rPA-mMKO IIPE4CTAB^AII.E BPtUIIOCTH 147 

T. j. H p e A H c T II ]i (• Tor A in M- ;i -i ii h \i e A' y ii ii :{ y 
p{lBHJl jo BpCAHOCTH Up OCT 01' o A H c ;i 3 |i a K ii .r y 

II p ;i M e H y, u a m a (a,b) 6 no = 90". 

< 

4. 

du^HO KclO KOA Hn3a MOiKGMO II OBAO KOA IIJiaMCHa Ilo- 
TpaJKHTM, Ail AE je UAHOCHMa 

sin (a, h) sin (a, h) 
sin (a, x) sin (h, xf 

Koje iiOMo 03HaiiHTH ca S* n 6^, npoMeHAHBH spaK x noTnyeo 
oiipeACAeH, iipeTnocTaB.i>ajyIiii Hajiipe, a;^ ii,eHTap iipaMOHa .lo^ii 
y OABGCHOJ noAnrnyToj na hii3 y uo^ioBDHn ocTojaita AB ]\ Aa 
je (a, b) = 90". 

Hpe CBora, no^eM je sin (a, b) = \, upeACTaBnteMo o(»a 
OAHOca npocTHJe 

S* = —. — ; r = cosec (ci, x) .... (18) 

' sm (a^ x) \ ^ y 

8* — —. — 77 r = cosec (b, x) . . . . (19). 

2 Sin (b, x) 

KocGKaHTe (a, x) n (b, x) Hiije touiko iioaiuhy Ti)iiruiioM(.'- 
TpHJe 3a cBaKH noBy^ieHQ spaK x HaLii. /I,aiue h rpa«i>H^iKO 
iipeACTaBAaite BpeAHOCTH d^ h d*, no hgtom HaiiHHy Kao h aa d*, 
HHJe TeasaK nocao. Obo je nsBpmeHO na c.imuh \, iipeiwa j(3AH- 

HHiyi AyatHHe —3— H reoMeTpHjCKH oo.aHipi osHaieHii cy OAroBa- 

pajyliH ca d* 11 (5*. 

^a 611 A03Ha.M, KaKBH cy obh reoMCTpHJCKH o(>An\\\\, kojh 
o^HiaBajy MOitaibo BpoAHocTM OAHOca f^* h t*, Tpefui x[\ ii3pa- 

10* 



148 rPA<I'HHKO nPE4CTABybAH.E BPEAHOCTH 

SUMO oua oAHOca ca ocTojaiteM npoMeitAHBe Ta^Ke X y HH3y f, 
KXJ03 K'tjy ^0THTi;iH 3paK X npaMGHa npo^asH. 

Obo uh Mor;iH Ha abh Hagnna H3BpinHTH. IIo upBOM, KaA 
iipHMeHiiMO iio3HaTy oopMy^y h3 TpiiroHOMeTpHJe, kojom je ch- 
Hyc HCKor yMa u3paateH KO'raHreHTOM ncTor yMa. H laAa 6h 
MooM H3pa3HTH d^ H 6* ca 6*. 

no APyroM, noMotiy noBpiuHHa TpoyrjiOBa AOB, AOX h 
BOX. TaKo H3 noBpmHHe ipoyMOBa AOB ^ AOX CJbGAyje 
(cAHKa 3.) 

a.OH AO.BO . 

sin Ui, o), H 



2 2 



. sin (a, x) ; 



2 2 

oAaBAe naK 

s/w (a, h) a XO -,^. 

sin (a, arj x hO 

KaA osHaiHMO 

-"-; -7-^,-r = 2/,> H KaKo 113 TpoyMOBa BOB h XO^ c^eAyje 
s%n ( c*. 0/ 



i?0 = |,/2 „X0 = Vj|f+(2--iL) 



2 
I » 



T<t 3aMeH0M y jbAHainnH (20) h iioc^e HesHaTHO peAyKUflje Ai»- 
umKcmu JGAHaiiniiy TpamoHor reoMeTpiijcKor o6wiHKa 

x'(y\-\)-(x-ar=\)... (21). 

Ha HCTH HaqiiH h3 ii<)B})iimHa TpoyMOBa AOB h BOX 
[luAWMA 3.) cAOAyjt* 



rPA<I>HKMO nPE4CTABAAlLE nPi:,\HOCTlI 149 

a.OH _ AO.BO 

-"2 2 — sin(a, x), 



(x — a)OH BO.XO . ,, , 

^ = — ^ — sm (0, xj, n oAft'Me 



sin (a,h) _ a XO 
sin (h, x) X — a AG 



(22). 



„ sin (a, h) 

KaA, Aaibe, c-raBBMo ^^.^ ^ = y,^ h no^ieM je /lO = 

BO, TO 3aMeH0M y jeAHaqnHH (22) n nocie HasnaTHor pM^a 
Ao6HteMo jeAHaqHHy rpaateHora reoMe'rpHJcKor o6.iHKa 

r^-«/f2/^-U-:i'' = 0...(23). 

H3 jeAHRTiHHa (21) n (23) CJbeAyje, noniTO cy 4-Tor eie- 

nena, Aa npeACTasibajy Kypse 4-Tor c'renena y OAHOcy Ha npa- 

BoyrajiHH KoopAHHaiaH chctgm ca noqeiHOM TaKOM A y HH3y t. 

O'ryAa naK, a^ cy reoMeipHJCKH od^anipi, HspaaieHH aHajLHTHMKii 

ropftHM jeAHaiHHaMa, Kypse 4-Tor CTenena, Koje npeAcraBAajy 

KaKO ce BpeAHOCTH 6^ m f)* Meitajy ca o^piaifceM apasa x npa- 

Mena oko i^enxpa 0. H AOHcra, aok je BpeAHOCT npocror oa- 

sin (a,x) 
Hoca ^ — y. r spaKa :r 3a yMOBe (a, x) h (b, x) c jeAHe 

H c APyre CTpane i],eHTpa O yBGK Hcra a jeAHaKo osnaqeHa, 

sin (a, h) sin (a, h) 
Aooe je BpeAHOCT upocTHX OAHOca -,^^— j « ^(^"^ 

3paKa X 3a bctg yMOBe c o6e crpane i^eHTpa jeAHaita a^H 
HejeAHaKa oanaqefla. C xora h CBaKoj BpeAHOcm :r- OAroBiipajy 
ABe jeAHaKe a^air nejeAHaKO osnaqene BpeAHOCTH ;/, n y.,, Koje 
iiGMo HaliH H3 jeAHaqHHe (21) h (28) 



150 rPA*MMKO nPEACTABAA.IbE BPEAHOCTH 



■, - ± V . + (-7^) 



=±v.+i,-^r 



OxyAa nanocjieAKy cibeAJje, A^ je BpeAHocT npocTor oAHoea 

sin (a, x) , sin (a, h) 

7h ) J^AHOSHa^eiifi a BpeAHOCT npocrax oAfloca ^.^. . 



sin 



stn (a, h) , 

H —. — 7 — ^ ABOSHaqeta. 
sin(a,x) 

CpaBifcZBaiLeM jeAHaqHHa (21) h (23) ca jeAnaqnnaMa (S) 

II (9), HHJe TeniKo yeHAexH, Aa BpeAHoeiH d* h d* hhcj paBHe 

BpeAHocTHMa S^ 11 (J,. Obo ce Moate h na c^eAetH HaqnH ao- 

< 
KasaTH, na dm (a,h) = 90". 

Hi noBpmiina TpoyMOBa AOB, AOX h BOK (c^iHita B.) 
cAGAyje : 

^^.Off AO.BO . , ,, 
— 2 — "^ — 2 — s^^C^y^J'r 

AX.OH AO.XO . 

2 ^ = — 2 — ^'^^ ^^' ^-^ ' " 

y^x.o// Bo.xo 



oAaoe 



AB _ BO sin (a, h) 

BX ~ XO sin (a, x) 

AB _ AO sin(a,h) 

BX ~ XO' sin(h,lr) 



rPA<I>HMKO nPE4CTABAAH>E BPE^HOCTH 151 

T. j. Atl BpeAHOCTH d\ HAH S^ Ta^KG X y UH^y t 

HHcy pa BEG BpeAHocTHMa df HAH S* spaKa x y 
npaMGHy, noniTo AO — BO HHJe paBHo XO. 

5. 

Obo AocaAaH.e pasBHJaae BpeAHOCTH npocTor OAHoca spaita 
y npaMGHy ocHHBa ce na jgahoj iipeTnocxaBHH, j\n hoht;!]) i[it;i- 
lena Aema. y oABecHOJ ahhhjh iioAHrHyroj y i[()ji()rhhh oc/rojan.a 
AB Ha HH3. y TOM CAy^iajy HainAH cmo, fl,ii je r)' = (P h X'^ 
d\ HAW d^ HHcy paBHH d^ HAH d*. Ako ca^a npeljeMo na oriiiiTn 
CAy^iaj T. j. Aa i^eniap npaMena Moaie AeaiaTH Ma KaKO npcMa 
HH3y t, oHAa npe ceera snaMO, xa BpeAHOcrn 6, d^ h (J^ neMory 

6hTH paBHG BpGAHOCTHMa fJ* Sf H d* ', ,1AH, lUKBH rGOMGTpHJCKH 

o6AE]ifi. OAHqaBajy MGH.aH>6 bpgahocth thx oAHOca, ociaAo naM JG 
jom A*! noKaffiGMo. 

Mh tiGMo H y obom onmTeM CAyqajy noTpaatHTH JGAHaqHny 
CBaKOM TaKBOM TGOMGipHJCKOM o^AHKy, na H3 ftG saKJbynHTH na 
caM o6ahk. 

/l,a 6h naniAH JGAnaqHny rGOMexpHJcKOM o^AHKy 3a oahoc 

sin(a,x) 
■ .J — : nocAy^HiiGMo CO OHGT HOBpfflHHaMa ipoyrAOBa AUX 

H BOX (cAHKa 5,). 




C ji H K a 5. 



1 52 rPA<i>HMKO llPE^CTAB.tAIbE BPE.IHOCTH 

x.OH AO.XO 

— 2~ "^ — 2 — ^^^ ^^'' ^^ 

(x — aJOH BO.XO . ^^ ^ 

p = — 2 — ^*** ^ ' ^^' 

sin fa, x) BO x ,-... 

sin(b,x) AO x — a 

KaA craBHMO AH = c h Oil = d, Koja cy ocTojaaa 
CTBjiHa y cBaKOM j[,a,TOK iipaMeHy, oH^a je 



B0= V cP + (a — c/ E AO = l/d'' + c\ 
3;iMeH0M y (24) /i,'i^HJaMo 







sm 


(a, 


^^_ V 


d' 


(a 
+ 


— c/ X 




sin 


(K 


a)- y 


C^ X — 


HAS 


KilA 


no 


npetjainH-eM ( 


5TaBHM0 














sin (a, 
sin (h, 


X) 
X) 


y,' 


OH^a je 










2/, =P- 


X 




. . . (25) 



X — a 



T. j. reoMeTpajcKu o6^nK jo paBHocTpaiia xniiep- 
u<»ji;i. Ms jeAHaqHue (25) ;iaKO ce Aodaja iio:3HaTa jeAHaqHUii 

(1 0» KiiA ce yiiHHH SiiMena r/ = c = -^ eae p = \. 

l[i m-.TH HaqwH pnAwKeMo, Aa f>M a^^hjh jeAHaqHHft reo- 

MOTpHJCKHX (lO^HKll 3a OAHOCO 



rPA*MMKO I11>E,1,CTAB.LAII.R HPK.UIOCTII 1r,3 

sin(a^) _ ^^ ^ sin (aJO _ ^p 
s^>^(^a, a;} ' sin(h,x) ^' 

KaA iteHxap iipaMeiiii He AQms. y oAijecHoj iio^HrHyroj y ho- 
^OBHHH ocTOJaita AB na hh3. 

H3 noBpuiHHa, TpoyMOsa AOB h ^OX ; ^0/y h BOX 
CAGAyje 

— 2 2 — '^^'^ ^^' '^^ ' 

x.OH_AO.XO 

^2 2 — ^^^ ^^' ^^ ' ^ 

(^^r — a)OE_ BO.XO 

2 ^ — sin(h,T)\ 

H o^aTjie 

sin (a, h) a XO 
sm (a, x) X BO 

sin (a, h) _ a XO 
sin (h,x) X — a' AO' 

Ha noniTo h OB^e MoaieMo CTaBFrn 

AH = c E HO — d, TO je 



BO = \/<P -\- (a — c)\ AO = [/d* -\-c^ E 
XO = l/d' + (x — cj\ 

H KOA jom CTaBHMO 

sin (a, h) sin (a, h) 

sin(a,x) ^"' sin (h, xj ^'"' 



154 rPA*HqKO nPEACTABAAIfoE BPEAHOCTH 

W HanoMBAKy noc^e HeanaTHe peAjK-UHJe Tpaatene jeAHaqHHe 

x'' yj — ^w' -\- 2qx = s (26) 

a a c 

TAe je p = ., _L /. _ . >:» ' Q 



_ a ;' d' + a^ c^ . 
^ ~ d^+~(cr^/' ° 

^•' 2/n. — ^P^ •^■2/n. + (/, ^ui — «, r' + 2i5, a" = r, . . . (27) 

_ ad' -La(a — c/ _ a'd^ + «Y«^ — c/ 

TAB je ;>. - -77r^Yrr=:7/r '^' ~ "7/'-+^^r7rr' 

a . _ a c 

^ = 7z'-f (^«, — r/' ' ~ "^^ + cr/ — 6^^ " 



r. = 



a' + (a — c/ 



IIoqeM cy jeAHa^HHe (26) h (27) qeiBpTor cxeneHa, to 

cy H reoMe'rpucKn ofj^ni^n, kojh o^mqaBajy rpa^aqKy npeACTasy 

BpeAHocTH J* II (T* KypBG l-Tor CTeneHa. 

-r . • . , ^ 

y ocoOHToM CAyqajy Ka^ je rf = c = -x- AounteMo na 

JGAHaquHa (26) h (27) naMa Bet nosHaxe jeAHaqane (21) h (23). 

BeorpaA. 

Hetap J. TKmbkobh-r 

in'o<i>Ecop. 



CTAHbE H O4HOCM CPnCK:HX APXOHTWJA 

nPEMA yrpHJH h hpema bptbahtmjh y 
no^oBHHH xii' bek;a. 

(PA-T C BH3A.MTKCJ03VE 114S PI IIBO IT.). 



1 . Apy™ KpcTanirm p.iT 3aTeEao je cpncKe seiiAe pacKO- 
MdAaHe Ha MHoro ApataBH^a h y cajysy ca cbojhm HenpnjaTe- 
AHMii, H CBpmHO ce nopasoM cpncKHM na IIIapaHipMa. 

2. TpetH H qeTBpxH KpcTaniKH pai 3aTeKao je Op^njy 
yjeAHfteny a jeAHOBepny h saBpniHo ce nopaaoM epncKHX iie- 
npHJa'rejta. 

. . . BhcnoMiaHOYXb AiiH ApeRMHie h nooyYHXb ce. . . 

I. 

y no^iOBHHH XII. B. Ha no3HB Bepnapa K.iepBopcKor no- 
Kpene ce KaTo.anqKH oaniiA, npoTHBy HcroKa, h, na mbcto, a* 
y Apyiu'i'By ca npaBocaaBHHM Hctokom, pa'ryje npoTHBy Myxa- 
MeAancTBa, npHMopa HCTCiHor HMnepaxopa a^ oKpene opyjKJe 
npoTHBy 3anaAa. OB.iKBa KOHTpaa)aKi],HJa HMa CBOJ yapoK y abo- 
jaKoj i^e.aii sanaAHiix KaiOjiHqKHX napoAa : JeAHH cy VLiam j\,ii 
ce (iope npoTHBy MyxaieAanai^a ha^ OGAo6oj\,e n sayaMy 
CBeiy 3eMjLy, a APyrH cy leMEjm a^ ocBoje a noKaTO- 



Obr je pacnpaBa fliua iipeAMei OeccAe uaroBopeHe ua cb. Caay y b. 
niK. 1883 roA. 



156 CTAIbE H O4HOCII CPIICKHX APXOHTHJA 

Aime npaBOC^ciBHH cbbt, na Ten oHAa aa paTyjy c Myxame- 
AaHCTBOM. ABOJaKa Teaiaa 3ana/^a n noAe^E ra y ABa Jioropa. 
Ila HH npaBOCJiaBHH Hctok hhjg 6m jeAHOAyraan, jep cy no- 
AwrmKE H APyrn HHTepecn pa3AHpa.iH Ty jeAHOAymnocT. Ca 
oBaKBDX KOMii^HHHpaHnx fl HsyKprnranBX leatitH h cMepoBa h 
yi)e y laj noKpex 6yjime BpeMena caa oHAamitH cbgt, oa JaA- 
pnje Ao HoBropoAa h oa Tnrpa ao A'MaHCKor oKeaHa, aa cy 
6H^e ysyqeHe y xaj noKpei KaKO la^ene cpncKe mynaEHJe, TaKO 
H pycKe KHeateBHHe. T^ac, a^ ce Kpetie na Hctok KaioAHTiKH 
3anaA, •.mime pn'repcKH xpa6por 11 A'^Pobhtoi HMnepaiopa Ma- 
HyHAa (1148— 1181) noA ^eAeiHia (Je^ijyKce npecTo;iHHue 
Kofte (HKOHHyMa). /la ce i|eo BauaA Epeiao a* uc^odoljaBa 
xpHiniiaHCTBO, oh 6h Haiiiao y Manyoy Haj6oybera cajyBHMKa, 
KOJH jo Bell paxoBao c MyxaaieAaHi^HMa, a^iii ce BanaA Kperao 
H npoTHBy „mH3MaTHKa", (t. j. npaBoc^aBHHx), 3a to ManyHjio 
OACTynH oa KoH.e, h Ha upeA^or TypaKa ji,ii saKjLyqe MHp, oa- 
roBopn, M te ao roAHne aoIih (114:7). HAyte toahho oh ne 
caMo A^ He AO^e, Bet c ftHMa 3aKibyqH Map, a ca cbojhm name- 
HoroM, repMancKHM HMnepaTopoM KoHpaAOM' III. 3aK.i>yqii cajy3, 
„KaKo 6h ode aP^'Ibo 3aAo6H.ie qacT h mp, KaKaB 
HM npHAHqn pa ah upociaBe HMena XpHCTOBor y 
MHTaBoj BacHAeHOJ'". /l,a yTBpAO OBaj cajy3 npamopaiiH 
cy HX HjHhh oiimTH HHTopecH H onmTH HenpHJaTeAH. Ohh Taj 
cajy3 jom 6oAe y^BpcTO noc^e necpeliHor ncxoAa KpcTamKora 
paTa, KaA ce KoHpaA, — yBpeljen na.iecTHHCKHM KaT0jinu,HMa 
— BpaTH y Il,apHrpaA, Ty npo6aBH ao npo.aeiia (1149 r.) h 
itpene ce npeito AKBH.ieje (jep My nyT upeKo IlTaiiHJe HHJe 6m 
desonacan) Aa cnpeMH Bojcity npoTHBy Po^epa II, Kpa^a Oh- 
HHJiHJe, ocBiijaMJi BH3iuiTHHCKe Aiiy.aHJe h Kajadpnje h ocBaja'ia 
KoHpiiA'iBHX uoKpajnna y IlTa.iHJn. llpu lUMacKy h3 II,apii- 
rpaAa KonpaA h MiiHyH.ao AoroBOpe ce, a^ 3ajeAHH^KH uaiiaAHy 



Mauyii.io yaeo sa aceny po^CHy cecxpy KonpaAOiie cyiipyre, liepxy 
3yAitOax, roA- UIO. Oiiu AoCmja y HapiirpuAy ana Ilpniia (JepHHa). 



CTAII.E H O41IOCH CPnCKIIX APXOHTHJA 157 

Ha „TnpaHci" Pomepa II., X'^ ocBOJeHy ii.LaqKy iioac^u, h t;ij 
yroBop iioTBp/^H saK^acTBOM He caMo lionpaA, Hero h n.eroB hr- 
cjReAHHK t^pHApHx Bapuapyca. 3a TpajamnocT cajysa oaieHH ce 
KoHpaAOB 6paT, xepitor (JaBapcKH JasoMnproT ca chhhbhuom Ma- 
HyiMOBOM H TO je Bece^e CBprneno pM-repcKHM arpaaia, y KoJHMa 
je yqecTBOBao h caM i;ap MaHyiuc IIocAe Boce;iui KiinpaA oAe, 
a MaHyH.10 onex iioKpcre cyxonyTHy h MopcKy BojcKy npoTHBy 
3anaAa. Ebo casusa belli : 

KaA ce Kpeiao (1147 r.) 3anaA Ha Hctok, ToiKep jo m 
cBe cHare paAHO, a* ce 'ra cH^na KpcxamKa bojcku Kpete npeiai 
Hxa^aHJe h na mocto 6op6e c MyxaMOAaHUHMa, — aji- ocbojh Il,a- 
pnrpaA- KaA My paAfta He Hsal^e sa pyKOM 36or cajysa AB^jy 
HMnepaTopa, oh, HexajykH 3a xpninliaHCKe HHiepece, Harpne 
Ha TpqKy, ocboj'h ocrpoBO Ep$ m ocraBH na feeiay rapHH^nn, 
on.i.aqKa johcko octpbo, pasopa EopHHT h TnBy, oHAa^Ka 
MajBasHJy n HerponoHT, na ce c n^a^iKoM uoBpaTH y Hia- 
iiHJy. Ha Mac, a^ je Po^Eep IL nanao na Tpqrey, AOMaBHHU,H 
jlyja VII. npeA^ojKe, A'^ OAcryiie y TpaKHJy h c PomepuM ,iii 
yAape h ocBoje Il,apHrpaA'. Obh nocrynAH n ofteiioAaHe npasy 
Haaiepy noKpeiaqa APyror KpcTamKora paia, Kao nrro tbpah 
Otto tpajsH^ieHCKH (nncan, II. KpcxaniKora paTa h 6paT KoHpa- 
Aob) roBopetii: „naiia JeBrenaje III. yMOAajytiH ce na CBoje 
npeTXOAHHKe, h SHajytn ji,ii je nana Yp^an npHAPy^^o noA CBOJy 
B.aacT HpeKOMopcKy HpKBy H ABa naTpnapniKa npecTda anxHO- 
XHJCKH H jepyca.iHMCKH . . . A 6 p H KpajLy <DpaHu,ycKOM Ayjy 
VII. fflapeae KaTdHiKC Bepe Ha HCTOKy*. KaHaii onex boah : 
„OTnoiieo* ce noKpoT ca 3anaAa c tom naMopoM A'' AO TeMata 



• Odo de Diogilo pag. 35 (y Migne, Patrolog. lat. I. 185). Cahh. COop. 
II, cxp. 216: »Tunc fuere qui regi consulerent retrocederet intoriiii 
regi Rogerio. qui tunc impei'atorem maxime impugnabat, scriberet et 
ejus adjutus navigio ipsam Constantinopoliui expugnaret. 

2 Cap. XXXIV. 

3 Pag. 47. 



158 ctaHjE m 04HOC11 cpncKHx apxohthja 

o6ope BH'.jaHTiiHCKy i],apeBiiHy". Puaiep II Hacjaitao cc na iiauy; 
nana je 6m) y 6op6H ca XoxeHmTaytenHMa h KoHpa/i, III Hnje 
HB 6m KpyHHcan. Poatep II ougt 3a cboj n^aH npoTHBy Hc- 
TOKa iipoHal)e ce6n cajysHUKe : Oh Hatje caBesHHKa nocjie nane, 
HaJBetier iipoTiiBHHKa XoxeHmTay*eHa, y moLhom inBadcKOM xep- 
i],ery ^GJb(t>y VI', kojh ce iiOBpaTM h3 Ila^iecTJiHe npo CBpmeTKa 
Apyror KpcrainKora paia, iia CBpaTH Ha Kpa^La Poaiepa 're ysMC 
OA itera HOBaD,a ji,ii y PepMaHaJM j\^me 6yHy npoTHBy KuHpaAa. 
npeKo BeM'a VI, Poasep CTynn y cajys ca yrapcKHM Kpaytem 
PeJ30M II (1141 — 1161), KOJH je sour jh^hmx h uo^hthiikhx 
HHTepeca 6m HenpHJaieit H,apa MaHyoa a noPjiaBHTO c Tora, 
iHTo cy Yrpn no ocBojeay XpBaiCKO h AaAMarancKHX rpa/i,OBa, 
HiiA KojiiMa ce [taqynao i],ap BH3aHTBHCKH bpxobhhm rocnoAapoM, 
TeaiHJH Xd 11 j\[\jbe ^inne ocBojefta na TpaqKOM no^ocrpoBy u 
Aa cysoMJy M.i>equlie, kojh cy noA saiuTirroM Bii3aHTHHCKora u,apa 
ycneuiHo HanpeAOBajiE. 3()or CBor cynapHnniTBa c MjLeTU,HMa, 
reJ3a II jeABa AOMeita a^ CTyim y cajy3 c HopMaHHMa h Po- 
JKepoM, a Poaiep onei TeaieliH a^ rocnoAapn na cpeAHSCMHOM 
Mopy H CTynao je y cajys c yrpniia Aa cpymH MAeiaqKy 11 j[,n 



Pertz, iiion. Ger. ss XXI. pag. 468. Historia Welforum Weiugarteii- 
sis : »Igitur Rogerius rex Sicilise, timeus ne forte — Coiiradiis rex 
quaniloque Italiam intraret — — Guelforum adversus euiii muneribus 
illectuiii iiicitat, singulisquc aunis, mille marcas se ob boc batiuum 
juramento confinnat. Item quoque rex Uiigariae Guelfo- 
rum ad se accersivit, dataque pecunia iiou modica, ac deinceps oraiii 
auno dandam pollicens , ad debellaiidum noii minus instigat*. Obo 
ce roHopH itpejieny iipe II. KpciauiKor paxa, a iiocje paxa bbjh ce : 
,Transito mari, Guelfo couvalesceas Siciliam attiugit. Ubi Rogcrius 
eum cum maguo tripudio suscipiens ac honoritice diinittens, iterum 
ad rebellaudum regi maximis muueribus iucitat. ... 3a oiso iicio 
npii'ia y iiiicjiy CBOJoj cuacxiimi MpauH HMiiopaxop KoHpa^. Wibaldi 
epist. ,^ 243 (Jaffe mouum. Corb. p. 363): Welpboper Sicilyae ty- 
ranmim a Ilierosolimis reditum liabuit, et accepta non parva ipsius 
iiifami pecuuia, per sacramenta et obsides ei firmavit, quod nos et 
uostros et nostrum imperium jjerturbare et investare modis omnibus 
laboraret. — 'Mov ueMaH.a Mun. Ger. oBiij uHiax yuHMaMO ii3 C^aii. 
Coop. T. cxp. 2;J2. 



CTAILE H 04H0CM CPnCKHX AI'XOIITHJA 1 5'J 

ocBiija seMAG Ha HcroKy. H tuko BeM> VI Po^rcop h IVjuji 11 
CK^oiie cajy3 npoTiiBy KonpaAa 111 h Manyujia, a uaAtiAU ce 
j[[\ Ke y3 ifcHX iipHCTaTH h KpaA <i'paHij,ycKH AyJH Vll. BeA«p 
AouHJe HOBaii,a KaKo oj[ Vepa 11, laKO h oa Poaiepa* h toah- 
mity cyucHAHJy a<'K Tpaje paioBaiLe. IIpeKo rej:5e II (jyAy ysy- 

MGHH y UBaj CaBG3 KaKO HGKH pyCKH KHGaRGBH, TaKO M GpllCKH 

MaBapH: cynpyra rGJ3HHa jG<i)pocnHHJa Chasl je cecrpa bbah- 
Kor KHJGBCKor KHG3a HsjacAaBa, a y tomg BpoMCHy KHnrajia JG 
KpBaBa 6op6a okoao KHJGBCKora npecroiia H3MGl)y H3JacAaBa h 
T>opt}a 4,yropyKora. CpoAciBo npHAodaJG rGJ3H Il3Jac;iaB:i ii 
yqiiHH ra iipoTHBHHKOM ij,apa MaHyn^ia. Y MpjKH,H Ha M;iHyn^a 
H3JaciiaB not)6 x^\Jbe, h no ftGroBOM Ha;iory ca6op hbkhx pycKHX 
B^iaAHKa H366pG 3a pycKor MH'rpono^HTa (1147 r.) K^HMa .,6c3 
(>Aaroc.40Ba i^;ipHrp;iACKor ij,aTpHapxa". H uojaBH ce y pycitcj 
H,pKBH pacKo^. UaTpnapx je y upKBH uoTiioMarao iipoTni'.iiiiitG 
H3Jac^aB0Be, a ManyH^o je 6paHHo AyropyKor h npoTHBHUKa 
reJ3HHor PcUHiKora KHe3a B^aAMMnpa, kojh ce paiynao y Ba- 
cajie BHsaHTHHCKe itapeBHHe. PejsHHa oneT Mara Je^ena Cqmi jg 
cecipa BBjiMKora paniKor aKynana Ypoma II (lIpnMHCJiaBa) h H,e- 
roBG dpate Be^yma h /l,effle, na npeKo HjHX je h Cpdnja 6iiAa 
ynyqena y cajy3 npoTHBHHKa hcto^hg poMejcKe i^apeBHHe. IIojaBH 
naK epncKor ^ynannjcKor AoC>a 6eae cy c^HqHH KaKO y IIpH- 
Mt»pjy, TaKO H y 3aropjy. C uojba cy 6ear Baca^H BHsaHTHJcite 
u,apeBHHe, a ynyipa metjy BHMa BOAH^ia ce KpnaBa 6op6a okoao 
„0TLqHHe H a'^Ahhg" h OKO^io i^eHTpa;iHcaH.a B^acra y jgahhm 
pyKaMa. ^yKAancim KneaieBH BOAe KpsaBy 6op6y ca KnejKeBHMa 



' HaMepe naiicKe Befe cy HareceraTeHe , a npcMa cpucKHM seMAaiia ite- 
roBe Hajiepe jacuo ce mue hs imcMa iiiie HHOnenTHJa II oa r. 1142 
apxiijeiiiicKoiiy AyfipoeaHKOM AuAP»jii, y komg My jaB.La, M y H.eroBy 
o6jacT cuuAajy: regnuin Zaclmlmia, et regnuiii Sorvilia et regnum 
Triljunia h ipaAOBii: Koiop, PHcaH, ByABa ~ AnapcKa, ,/l,y.i.'iiiH, Cna- 
Aap, /l,pHBacT H IlyjUT ca CBHJia upKBama ii jianacrHpHMa h ibHUKM iia- 
poxiijajia. Tyea cy nope^euli a csa Aasaita h MHorofipoJHii HaMcm, Koje 
HapoA Mopa njahaxH AyxoBUHM B.iacTima iiopeA AccexKa. Bha- Cod. 
Dipl. II. pag. 33. 



1 60 CTAH.E H OAHOCH CPHCKIIX APXOHTIIJA 

ipaByHCKiiM, xyMCKHM H pamKHM. H „Kpa.i)" Bo^hh jMaqe pyKe 
y 6paTeKy KpB h ocxaBAa y HacAeACTBO CBOiie cany 'Bopliy Kp- 
BaBy dop6y c dpatoji h anEHM 6paHHoi]^a rpij,HMa. BeiiHKH 
paniKH atyiiaH ByKaH 6opH ce ca BH3aHTHHi],nMa h BH3aHTHHCKMM 
npiicTa^nij,aMa Pa^oc^aBHliHMa ; aeroBor HacibeAHHKa ypoma I. 
noueljyje MaHyiiAOB oiai], Kajio-JoBaH h cMemTa rapHHSOHe y 
cpncKe rpa^oBe (1126 r.), Kpa^a "Boplja oaboah y ponciBO, 
a BGAHKH pamKfl a^ynan Yponi I npHeiaje na yroBop, ^a A'lje 
rp^KOM uapy cnoMoiiHe bojckg : Ka/i, paiyje y Abhjh 300, a 
Ka^ paxyje y EBponn 2000 BOJHHKa. KaKO cy chhobh ypoma I 
6uA]i yjaE,n TejaKHH : laKO ey chhobh iteroBora dpaia CxeBaHa 
ByKaHa, Cmar yjau,H rpaAHflnlia, jep je cynpyra rpa/i,HH.HHa 
uHAa poijena cecipa HeMaftHHa\ Ila Kao poi)au,H cbh crynajy 
y cajy3 PoatepoB. Ka^ Yrpn ocBoje oa BHsaHTHJe Opesi, ohh 
Ao^ase y Tenifty nesy ca apxnmynaHOM YpomeM II a YporaeB 
upaT Be^yin npece^n ce y YrapcKy, ABopy cecrpHta Tejse II. 
Bet roAHHe 1146 oh ce HasHBa y yrapcKHM jiHCXHHaMa: Be- 
lus comes palatinus et banus. BHsaHTHHai^' KHHaM ra HasHBa : 
BfXofTig — npBH ao Kpa.i.a „6aH'% a Otto' OpaJBHrencKH 
Ha:mBa ra ^yjaKOM" PejsHHHM*. Y pycKOM jteTonncy eeju* ce: 
„ii<<flma y 6aHa A^epi> 3a B.iaAHMHpa" t. j. KHe3 Il3Jac;iaB 
oatOHHO CBora 6paTa B^aaAHMHpa ca hepKOM daaa Be^iyraa. Be- 
Aym je (»ho BacnnTaq CBora cecTpaha PeJ3e h ynpaBJtao Apata- 
BOM 3a H>eroBa Ma^aoibeTCTBa. 3a H,era (Be^yma 6paTa Ypoine- 
Bor) H Kaaie KHHaM: Aa je „fflie.iiHO j[ii hotikhh* CBOJy 
OTaqoHHy noA B^iacT CBora HHTOima h cecTpnlia 



' C'lxl. Dill). 11. pag. 115..: Knesins (KadosJaviis) . . . . iioii luodica est, 
all a V u 11 c 11 I i s iiiolostatus .... r. j. i),\ IlcMaii.c ii n.eruitc ojiaho 

UKUJO llJSO 1'. 

2 Pag. 117. 

■' Gesta Fiidor. p. .")'2. 

* . . . aviiiculiis suns. . . 

* Iliian.eii. crp. '83. 
<* Tag. 111. 



CTAFbE II 04H0CH Cl'nCKHX APXOHTIIJA 161 

rej3e. npeKo H,era Tejaa h ysyqe ypoma 11 ii ocra^t' aty- 
naee y cases one roMH^e na Sana^y, Koja ce cnpesia^a ^a 
ocBaja TpaqKO nojiocTpBO ca I],apHrpaAOM. ToAHHe 11 49 6iLie 
cy OBe cpncKe Baaa^ine ApaiaBHi^e : y noBpinjy Biip^apa B^aAao 
je CBOJHM la^oM IIpBoc^aB /l,parflHHti h aaBHCiio (i^ Be.iHKora 
KHesa PaAoc^iaBa rpa/i,nHnii;i , kojh je ca cBoja ^Ba upaia, Bah- 
AHMHpoM H HfiaitHmeM, B^aAao Ha^ AyK-5>aHCK0M. y PaiiiKoj cy 
HMaiiH CBoje „TiecTH OTbquHe h A^Ame" iiopeA apxHasynaHa 
ypoma 11 jom atynaHH: aeroB 6paT j\miii baumo J,eHApoM, 
a 6paT OA cipni^a Mnpoc^iaB B^a^ao y TpaByHHJH u paiOBao 
c /l,y6poBHHKOM, a HeM^HL ca 6paT0M CTpaiimMHpoM B^a^au cbu- 
joM oqeBHHOM y CTeij,HmTy MopaBHi^e, PacHHe h Ton^Hi^e. 

Ose 1149 r. h Kpene ce Manyn^o na 3anaA, j\,sl Hajnpe 
ycnyT noBpain Kpa», na je ca^a 6eao HacTa.io Bpesie A&. ca- 
jysHHUH yl^y y aKipijy, Kao niTO jacHO tbpah KnHaM* roBopetfl : 
„II,apy Manyn^y 600 jaBibeno, ^a A^aMaHH ($ejia> Yl), CpuH 
H yrpH, qyBfflH cnpeuiaMa aeroBEM na pax npoxHB Cnipi^HJe, 
AorOBopn^ ce Aa nanaAny Ha PoMeji^e ca sanaAa". Pejsa je, 
Aaoe yByKao PamKy h ocrajie cpncKe ^yirannje a^ c6 oope 
npoTHBy ManyH^ia ca tom naiepoM, a^ cpncKe 3eM.te noTqHHH 
yrapcKOJ. KaA noMeAaMO na OBa ABa BejiHKa iipoTHBHnqKa ;io- 
ropa (1119 r.), oHAa bhahmo „ a a c b a k h h 3 a Ae\}R c b r a 
cyceAa h nenpHJaie^a HMa CBora npHJaxejiba a 
caBe3HHKa"': Manyn^o y HeiipHJaTeibCTBy c yrapcKoi, ay 
npHJaieACTBy c HMnepaioM repMancKHM EonpaAOM h pycKHM 
rajiHTiKHM KHe30M B^aAHMHpoM; y HenpHJaieACTBy c PoiKepoM 
H HopMaHHMa, a y casesy h npHJaTejbCTBy c KoHpaAOM h M-tei- 
EaMa. ra./iHTiKH KHe3 y neupHJaTeibCTBy c KHe30M KHJeBCKHM, 
a y npHJaie^BCTBy c KHe30M /l,yropyKHM. yrapcKa y nenpHJa- 
Te-^LCTBy c KoHpaAOM, a y caBesy &a BeAtOM VI ; y saBaAii 



.» Cip. no. 

2 CA'dB. COop. II. CTp. 23.5. BeoMa Aooap 'MiiHaK o ciaity Eiipoiie y iio- 

JOBHHH XII. CT. 
I'.IACHIIK LIV. 11 



162 CTAHjE h oahocii cphckhx apxohthja 



ca KHesoM PajinqKHM, a y caBesy ca khgsom KHJeBCKHM. Po^ep 
y HenpujaTGACTBy c Manyn^OM, KonpaAOM h MibeTKaMa, a y 
caBesy ca YrapcKOM, BejbmM n Cp6HMa. Je^HHa PamKa y ne- 
npHJaTejtcTBy ea BusaHTHJoM a y npHJaieACTBy ca cyce^HOM 
YrapcKOM. PamKa y caBesy ca YrpHMa, kojh cy onei 
y caBesy ca OHHMa, KOJH xeme A'^ ocBOJe BssanTHH- 
cKy L,apeBHHy h cpncKe aynaHHJCKe /i,pffiaBHi],e. 
Eto 3a mTO ce y noiiOBHHH XII b. 3ana/i, Kpe'rao Ha Hctok, 
a GBponcKH ce onei Hctok Kpenyo na 3ana/i,. 3ana/i, ce noKpe'rao 
XA ocBOJH H jx^TKE HcTOK, a HcTOK ce noKpenyo /i,a ce 6paHH 
H j[3i OA^ipaHH KaKO cBOJe iioKpaJHHe : laKo h CBOJe Baca^ie. 3a 
TO ce H Mopa^a yiipaBHTH csa cnara HCTOi^Hor HMuepaTopa npo- 
THBy OHHX iteroBnx Baca^a, kojh ce y^pyatHwiH ca ocBiijaqHiia 
npaBOCJiaBHHX hcto^hhx napo^a. 

11. 

KaA je HMHepaTop Konpa^ OTHmao y npo^aete 1149 r. 
npeKO /J,paqa y AKBH^iejy /^a Kynn BojcKy npoTHBy Po^epa, 
ManyHAo ce Kpene MopeM npoTHB CHu,HAHJe h ^a MHMorpe/i.oM 
ocBOJH Kp$ y /],pyfflTBy c MjteinliHMa. BHsaHTHJcKO-MJteTaiiKa 
$.i0Ta HOA KOMjiHAOM Xypyna o/],pmu cjnjny node^y aa^ Hop- 
MaHHJia jyaiHo oa Ile^ionoHeBa, koa Ma^eje, h y toj 6hti;h, Cjiy- 
^aJHO, yMajio ihto HHJe noraHyo $paHi],ycKH Kpajt AyJH VII. Oh, 
noc;ie HecpeTHor paTonaaa y IIa.ziecTHHH, no BacKpcy, BpatajyliH 
ce y OpaHE,ycKy, cycpeTne HopMancKy $.aoTy npeina ne.iono- 
Heay h h3 CBoje iiyTHnqKe .aat^e npel^e na HopMancKH paTHH 6po/i,, 
H Ta^a ce cyKo^n 4)jioTa BHsaHTuncKa ca <motom HopMancKOM, 
Te .lyJH iiocTane h3 He6yx:i yqeciuiKOM 6etkg. H j^a HHJe ycneo 
Aa pa3BHJe na CBOjoj ;i;i1)H cajysHHqKy BHsaHTHJCKO-MJteTaqKy 
3acTaBy, H,eroBa (jh .lalja 6^ah noTonAena y MopcKOJ nyMnnn 
c 0CTa.aHM HojiMaHCKHM .aai)aMa. K;iko AyJH, TaKO h H.eroBa cy- 
npyra E.aeoH(»iia u ii.jiiia iipaTH>a AoiiaAHy H^ena, h He Me^eliH 



CTAIl.E H OAHOCH CPllCKllX Al'XOHTlIJA 1()3 

Ha ylyjeso HeiipujaTaiCKO AP^a.H.e npeMa Manyiijiy, (jsaj Kao 
pniep oc^odoAH CBe OpaHuyae c Kpa.ieM h Kpa^HuoM (ies nape 
H AHHapa. Ayj VII 6110 je HaooH>eH Aa cryiiH y cajyu ca Pu- 
3KepoM, a^H no noBpaTKy y (ppani^ycKy, aeroBa ra cynpyra 
E^ieHopa ocraBH, y^a ce 3a n^aHTareneia, le yByqe 'P[>aHuvcKy 
y KpBaBG paxoBe c HflMesoMa, na My h KoHpaA hc aosbo^h, 
Aa ce yiema y paT npoTHBy i;apa Manyn^ia. llo ocBujeity Kpa)a 
Manyu^o nom^te *^OTy y Hxa^iHJy noA KOMaHAOM AKcyxa y 
HaAH, x<^ te H OH yqecTBOBaTH y xoMe paTOBaH>y, no yroBopy 
c EonpaAOM, a^n cajysHHiiH PoatepoBH noKBape h.hh ii^ian : Koh- 
paA Ha MecTO Aa Kpene CBOjy BojcKy Ha jyr, — aiopao je no- 
XHiaTH y repMaHHJy a^ KpBaB pax paiyje e Be^^oM VI; a 
Manyn^o onei na Mecro Aa Kpene y HiaiiHJy, Mopao ce Kpe- 
nyTH n3 AB^one ca cyxonyrnoM bojckom Aa paxyje npOTHBy 
cpncKHX SKynana', Kao cajyannKa BeA$a VI, Poatepa n Pese. 
„II,ap Ao^e y IleAaroHHJy n yrynin ycxanaK, kojh je 6ho 
saBiiaAao" (qaK oko^o OxpHAa n BnxoiBa), na ce pemn Aa CBy 
CBojy BojcKy Kpene Aa^te npoxHBy cpncKnx AP^i'BHn,a — cbo- 
JHX Baca^a. „ Jep Cpdn, — Be.in nncan,, — aok je y i^apcxBy 
B^aAao Mnp, noKasHBa^n ce Kao npnjaxe.M, nsAamno ce pa3- 
cnna^n peqaia OAanocxn npeia n,apy, ho cy hm peqn dn^e ne- 
caoacne ca ohhm, mxo je koa anx y noxajn 6hj1o na cpi;y, 
a KaA ce saAecHjin onn Aorat^aja na cyxy (y Asnjn n MxaviHJn) 
H na Mopy (Kp$), . . . onn ce Kopncxe xhm npeieHOM, Heo6HqHO 
ce oxpaope, AHrny opyamje npoxHBy Bnsanxnje n nenpnjaxe.'b- 
CKH narpny na cyceAHe c ftHMa poiejcKe oo^iacxn". Xonnax 
neoApetjeHHM i^pxaia onncyje xo iJ,apeBO paxoBaae HaBOAetfl, 
KaKo ce M:iHyHAo cxapao ko^hko je roA Morao, Aa npHKpnje 
XO CBOje (ipso Kpexaae oa cpricKor „caxpana" a^n nnje ycneo, 
na AOAaje Aa je i^ap „ca HajoAa^pannjoM bojckom", ocxaBHBmn 



' j,I],up ce OApeiiHe Aa .ihhho yiecTByje y paxy, y Ciiuh.iiiJh, se^n XoHiiai, 
H Kpeee ce us Ab.iohg ca cyxonvTHOsi bojckom upoTUsy AaJMaTCKOr 
caipana*. pai;. 101. 

11' 



164 CTAtbE H 04HOCH CPOCKHX Al'XOHTlIJA 

CBe niTO 6e My cMeTa^o opaoM Kpeiaifcy noxniao ^a yxeara Tora 
„caTpana". Taj ^caipan cpncKH 3HajytH Aa HHJe y ciaay M3Ap- 
ffiaTH 6op6y c ii,apeBHM iiernoHHMa, ocxaBJta paBHHi],e h neae 
ce y 6pAa, a* y H^HMa Hat^e cnaceita. CBoje no/i,aHHKe ociaBJBa, 
— Kao craAO ^HBOTHite, Koje nace no no^HMa, — HeripHJaxeity 
Aa ra noxBaia h HCTpe6n, ^aBinH cBaKOMe npaBO Aa ce na aera 
yMe^a h cnacaBa KaKo ko sna. ... 3a to i;ap pacnpniTH roMH.ie 
BapBapcKe, nona.au anna HMafta n 3apo6ii npH.iHqHy Ko.inqHHy 
po6.M". ^QKAe, oBaKO HeoApeljeHHM n,pTaMa onncyje XonnaT Ma- 
HyHjiOBO paTOBaaa ca cpncKHM asynanHMa, ^OTiie KnHaM sinoro 
Tannnje onncyje to paTOBaa^ 1149 r. h oho ce noTnyno no- 
AyAapa ca Ka3HBan.eM naniera /],yK.i.aHnHa. EnnaM Ka3yje, Aa 
je MaHyH.ao h3 IIe.aaroHHJe, tah je yryniiio cpncKn ycTanaK, 
Kpenyo ce A^Jbe n yAapno „Ha /l,a.iMaAHJy"\ pa3opHo rpaA 
,,PacoH", onycTHO cne y nyTy, a to snaqn, Aa je oh h3 lle- 
jiaroHHJe Kpenyo ce y napAapcKy AO.aHny BHnie CKonAa n nopy- 
mHO rpaA Piicon {Pdacdv), a to cy one pasBa^Hne rpaAa na p. 
Panmn, Koja yTH^e y BapAap c nnme jLemKa, KOJe cy oue^ie- 
mene na Mann KnnepTOBoj ca penjy „Ra-oras castra''"'' a Pacon 
je 6mo cpeAHniTe Aanamae xTeToncKe oHAamae „paconcKe" na- 
XHJe. Tyna „3apo6H Be.aHKy MnoatHHy napoAa n Te 3apo6.ii.eHHKe 
ocTaBH (Tyna) sajeAno c bojckom^ (nocaAOM) noA KomaHAOM ce- 
BacTa KoHCTaHTHna Ant)e.ia". Ty je n ocTaBHO cBe niTo (in My 



• KiiH. Kit. II. rji. 0. CTp. 101. 

- Ilia*, y C'rap. T. II, kh.. I. crp. 431 ca cbhm r.ppHo xppAH, Kaa Kaaie, xa 
Pacou Hiije Pacca, a.iii rpeiiiH roiiopchii, Aa je PacoH — Pajnait. A* 1'^- 
coH uiije Pa;ivaH> uajCio^LC ce bhah h3 iiyia, kojhm hag ii,ap MaHyiijio : oa 
AB.iOHeAO.ia3H y IlejiaroHiijy h Ty»yryniyje ycTanaK*, na OATa.aeH 
HAe iipoTHBy PacoHa, ocBaja ra h pymn. Ty ocTaB.j>a Aaljeja h cue 
niTO OH CMCxajo 6p30M KpeTaH.y h iohh a;yiiaHa y 6pAHMa, ocBaja Hii- 
liaBy H rpaA VaXirtr} h Apyie icacrejie, ua ce cpaha y Pacou, a h3 
Pacoua OA-iasH y JI^apHipaA h Ten y jecea 1150 r. npeiieniTa BojcKy y 
ooaacT pcKe CiixHime. — Bnine Ka-oras-a ctoJh Ha hctoj jiaiiii lesba, 
a to je Jhv Ml I. Ki.. 

■* y PacoHy ('nua bHsaimiHCKa iiocaAa aa B.iaAe itapa Ka.ioJo!!aiia. 



CTAILE H OAHOCII CPHCKHX APXOHTHJA 165 

CMe'ra^o y noxoAy, jep je ipeuaiiu paioBaTH y (;i»,;iiiui u ap^it'- 
THHM MecTHMa HOBpnija BapAapCKor. OcraBHE y Piicony AHl,e.ia, 
— Bejm KnHaM, — „^ap caM iio^e ^aybe (y agbo) u aaysMe 
Niaa^dv Xcj^av = seM.i^y HiiKaBy' ; Koja ce na^aaiLia noA 



• J'. BacH/ibeBCKifi fCjaB. Coop. II. cxp. 238) je Taiao AOKaaao, (Kao ii 
lOii^apiiK) Aa PacoH Hiije Paataii,. &a\i kuko uiije 3nao r^e je Paeon, 
TO je ^iirraii oimc Aa.i.er Kpexaita Alaiiyiuose JiojcKe 1149 r. ca cbhm iio- 
rpemaa; oh BejH: ,MauyH.io ce KpeHyo k peun HamaBH (a Kuuasi 
liaate: Nixa^d Xwpa, ^an^ie seii-ta a Hepesa), Koja yiiiie y fi.i- 
rapcKy (!) MopaBy, laKotje noTiHiteHy Ke.iHKOMe atyiiaHy, npe.MAa 
MOHce OHTU caMO uocpeAHO 11 ocBOJH MHoroopojne uyje u rpa- 
AOBe, Kojii nocToje ao AaHamitera Aaua, a to cy ocxamii piuicKHx rpa- 
AOBa 11 y TBjjtjeHHx jiecia, rAe cy cxaHOBaje CTpaace, a ta cy siecxa cajio 
ou.ia ooHOB-teHa 3a BAaAe BusaHxiiucKe u cpiiCKe, Kao mxo cy Haiip. Hum 
« PeMesHJaHa (eecy 6am »MHoro6poJHM«). Cano jeAae oa thx rpaAOsa 
Kojii je OHO MHoro ceBepHHJe, ua cajioj MopaBH h 3Bao ce Fajiii, 36or 
ocofiiixocxii jiecxoiio-iOiKaja ii CBoje jaKote, ocBojeaje iioc.ie xpoAaecHe 
6op6e. PpaA FaAii'i, no lIIaoapiiKy (cxp. 433), jecy pa3Ba.iiiHe na dpAy 
rojeny ceBcpno (!) oa ^laiKa iiaitet^y p. p. ^leiiepHime ii ^iiiHHe ii x. 
A- II,ap ce BpaxH y Pacy (Baj^Aa Pacou?) ii AosiiaBuiH , Aa ce Be^iHKii 
atyiiaH H3 CperoBa 6opii, nawepHO oiiycxomii siecxHOCx u ciia.aH ABopan. 
Be.iiiKoi' ffiynana, ajH 36or Hacxajyhe siijie Hiije Morao Aa npoAysKn pax. 
y cpeA 3HMe MaHyH.10 OAe y ItapiirpaA* h x. a- pasywe ce Aa je obo 
CBe 611.10 1149 r. 

OsAe inia xo.ihko iipoxnRyc.iOB.^i,a Aa CBasa peieaiiua ooapa Apyi'y< 
jep r. BacHAeBCKu iioBOAeLii ce no KOJeHiijuM 3aMiiiii.iajiiMa xaKO upKa 
cxBapii, Aa ynpaBO ue mo/kb oiicxaxH hii jeAHa aeroBa peneHnua ua up. 
CO ocBOJeay Kp^a, MaHyn.ao ce Kpeeyo ca cyxonyxHOJi bojckom, na ao- 
mao y HoBii-IIasap (Pacy), a cam npHsaaje Aa Pacou uHJe Paca. To je 
jeAHo, a Apyro: xa iiAybe 1150 r. MaHyii.io aoboah bojckj y o6.iacx p. 
CiixHime H OAaxoie npeAysiiJia onepaitnje upoxHsy Be.inKor acynaua Ypo- 
ma, a xo 3Ha'iii, Aa jo 11 1149 r. 6no y Chthhuh. XaJAesio Aa^e sa KasiiBa- 
ftesi r. BacH^teBCKor: MaHyiuo ocxaBiio y Pacouy cepacxa KoHcxauxiiHa 
AH^e.ia c BojcKoji, a PacoH je ipaAnti ueiAe na o6a.in HnmaBe (?) h OAa- 
x.ieu (113 HumaBe) u,ap ce Kpeuyo u oxuniao y HiiraaBy (? I), na ocBOJno 
Ham, PsMesHJauy 11 Muore Apyre Ky.ie n rpaAOBe, na ce Bpaxno h ocbo- 
JHO PaauH H.^iH PajHuy ua Podeiy ^ceBepuo oa ^aHKa* (V). Me^y thm y 
xeKcxy KiiBaMOBOM (cap. 6.) uejia Pace, aena peKe HnmaBe, uesia 
laAiiHa ua Po.ieHy, nejia Pejiesiijaue , aeivia Hnma u x. a- jacHO je 
Aa MaHyn.io paxyje uerAe ua Apyrojie jiecxy, a v. BacHJBeBCKH Be- 
pyjyliH u3aH^a.auji uarai/aifcHJia lIIa-t-apnKOBini n norpemHOM r.ieAHmxy 
ua Hcxopujy BArapiije, boau Mauyu.ia no ouuii wecxajia, no Kojiiiia te 
OH xeK HAyte roAHHe 1150 janoM iihn. 



166 CTAtt.E II O4HOCH CPnCKHX APXOHTHJA 

B^ainiiy apxHatynana (kojh B^ia^a na^ ^a^iaiai^HJoM), na 6e3 HKa- 
KBHX TemKoiia 3ay3Me cse samKe n kutqaq, k^kbh cy (ion y 
xopn nnKaBCKOj. ,l,offlaB ao rdXir^i]^ Han!)e na oinop, jep, 



^a je ono osaKO, HaiioiieHytieMO casio obo : 

1. PaxoBRfte 1149 r. boah ce npoTHBy ,.^a.iMaTHJe*, a mxa to 
3HaHH, Haj6ojbe he nporyMaHHTH caM KHHaM, KaA roA- 1166 (KBHra V. 
M. 17). Be^H: »AyKa JiHHyBinH CpGnjy cxynHo je y /l,ajMamijy 

H sayaeo na oxiiraao Ha /I,yK.i.y. BHain pax ce boaho 1149 r. npo- 

XHB synaua noxHiifteHor apxii/Kyiiaay (Aa.iMaxHHCKOM) PaAOC.iaBy Fpa- 
AiiHHhy AyK^i-aHCKe apxoHxiije. 

2). UpeA obhm paxoBaH>eM MaHyHAOBiiM 114rt r. CpeM cy oxe^^n 
yrpH OA Tpua h xo cawo cpeMCKy o6jacx. Obo xbpah 11 r. Bacn- 
jteBCKiH. CjiaB. Cr»op. II. cxp. 236. 

3). y KBiiiH II. HA. 12 H 13. KHHaM oiiHcyje ApyrH KpcxauiKH 110- 
xoA KonpaAa III h .lyja VII, na Bejiw: »KaKo cy aobuh ao ^yeaBa, 
nap MaayH.io noni.*e cne raxo xpe6a a* ce npcBeay npeno /l,yHaBa h 
HajiecxHO MHOi'o nncapa Ha ooe ooaae /l,yuaBa, Aa sanncyjy caB npx.i.ar 

CBHJy -la^H H T. A iiii Aa.*e :s,KaA ce KpcxainH npKOjiiisKH.iH 

rpaAy Haniy, MHxpono.inJH ^aKHJe, MHxanjo Bpana, Kora je i;ap 
5mo nocxaBHO, Aa yiipaBJta xom 3eM.iOM h x. a- Obo je 6h^o 1147 r. Oa 
OBe 1147 oA 1153 r. Bpana je yiipaB.<bao tom seujiow, a H.eroB je saiie- 
HHK OHO AuApoHHK KoMHeH , KOJH je cxyuHO »y npecxynne yronope c 
yrpiiMa 11 uap ManyHJO KasHii ra h Gau,H y xaBHnu,y y Il,apH rpaAy- Ho 
TOJie He Mone ce roBopiixH, Aa je H,ap MaHyH.ao 1149 r. ocBajao oho, 
mxo je 6njo iteroBo, a H>eioBa je 6u.ia u yloHiosiepuja x. j. lUyiiaAHJa, 
ifceroB je 6ho h BeorpaA, h BpannieBO, h Hhui a PeiaesHJaHa h x. a- 

Join jeAHa npujicAoa Ha H.iaHaK r. BacHji>eBCKor : Ha cxp. 2-38 na 
MecTO XioQa JS'iya^d cxoJH: pesa HHraaBa »Koja yxuie y G^rapCKy Mo- 
paBy*. .. Ha cxp. 250: . . ,Ban Be^ia yrposaBao Aa ynaAue y B.irapujy, 
noABJiacHy iisiuepuJH h saKJjyiaBrayjy bx> ce6i xauaie HUHtnmyjy npii- 
AyHaBCKy Cp6njy ao p. MopaBe'*, a CpGnja ce oAnoiiiaa^a xaAa oa Te 
pPKe H X. A- 

y CTBapH xaAa 1) HHJe oh.io ApacaBe B^rapHJe. 

2j HHJe y cpeAHjCM BeKy nosnaxa KaKBa peKa noA 
peijy. (UiapcKa-Mopaaa, Hero ce SBa.ia Biiaia- 
MopaBa. 
3) xaAa (1140 r.) cpeAfteBCKOBHa BHHMa-Mopasa 
Hiije CniAA noi'paHHMHa PaniKa peKa, nero je xo 
oiua MopaBHua. 
B^rapcKa Mopana xo je hhcxo nponaraiiAHJCKa cxuap, a y ii3bo- 
piiMa HCJia xaKBe poKe. 
' .\(J(JO Atxa/Jo, xo je cas ouaj iipocxop seM^ie, i'aii je KHHasa, Pocxii- 
Bap H X. A- Mil CMo AOKasajiH, Aa HiiKana uuje HiiuiaBa, Aaje IIiiui, Pe- 



CTAH.E H 04H0CH CPHCKHX APXOHTMJA 167 

bBjIH KHHaM : xaMoniifcH BapBapM, ysAajytiH ce y cBojy MHoro- 
6poJHocT H HenpncrynaqHOCT MecTa, necy My xie^ii npeAiiin CBOJ 
rpaA- 3a to ii,ap nocraBH (Tyna) cboj craH (^orop), iia ne ry- 
6etB BpeMGHa, sanoBe^H, a^ ^aH'^jy crpejie h n3 npaKnua Ka- 
MeH>e y cno^ae sH^OBe h ipeter A^na ocbojh ly TBpAHH.y. Tyna 
Hatje MHoaKHHy BapBapa, oa kojhx cy jgahh 6aA]i bojhhi],h, a 
Apyrn ce sannMa^n c t o q a p c t b o m. Oh hx sapouH a oATOjieH 
OABeAe, na AoniaB y Paeon. jeAfle mmjbe n Hace^aa y CpeAi^y, 
a APyrs y APyraM noKpaJHHaMa nMnepnje". /J,ok je MaHyH^io 
ocBajao 3eMJi.y HHKaBCKy, mgcthh mymm nanaAHe na poMejcKy 
BojcKy y Paeony h 6m a^o joAHy daxKy, sa to i],ap no noBpaiKy 
Kpene ce ^a ra yxaaTH. ^{rynan yMaKHe y upA-'^- ^^^ onycTH 
CBB no pacoHCKoj o6.iacTH n cna^in ABope apxiimynana, y to 
nacTane n jaKa 3HMa. H TaKo je ManynAo 1149 r. ocbojho 
„ApataBy" IIpBonie /^pamnnta, kojh je saBicno oa „Aa^- 
MaTHHCKora" apxnatynana PaAOCJiana rpaAHHulia. PaAOCJiaB ce 
TaKO non^amH a^ ne nsrydn „CBOJy" AP^Kasy, A'I Aot^e u,apy 



Jieaujana n t. a- 6nja noA rpiKOM Bviamhy, iia npeMa tomb hh Fa^trf^ 
HHJe, HHTH Moaie uuTH TuAvi^ Ha To-ieMj. HuKaBaje uonpmje BapAapa 
II ciemiiuTe p. PaAHne. II,ap ^yrymao oyny* y Ile.iaroHiiJH, 3a thm 
ocBojuo PacoH, iia Kpeuyo yAeeo t. j. y Xopjy KiinaBCKy h no iuto je 
iioocBajao TaMomite »Muoro6poJHe* Kacxe^e, kojux UMa ii Aaaac oh: 
'tp^i rd^ivit] yeyopug. CaM Hecaii nponyxoBao nuxii 6ho y TaJHi- 
HHKy, HHTH y KaAHcy, a oa OBora ABora jeAHO Mopa 6hth KaHajioBa 
FaAHua. YAapa^e je Ha npBOJie c;iory KaKo y peiii TajHinHK, xaKO 
HyKajHcn, nawy Fa-iimH. CyAeta no oiiHcy cxaHOBUHraTBa npe 
caM MHffl^eaa, Aa je rajHHHHK, jep h AauamftH TaiiouiH.ii cxanoB- 
HHUM aiHBe jcAHHO OA cxonapcTBa. HHJe pexKocx Aa jeAan hobbk y 
rajHHHHKy HMa 10.000 oBaua, a cyAeha no xoiie, iuto bc^h, Aa cy 
JeAHH BOJHHUH'^ penao 611 Aa je Ka^iHca, jep cy xajiouiftH cxa- 
HOBHimii Heo6HHHo paxooopHH, a HHaie atHBe caMO oa CTonapcxBa. OCa 
cy MecTa r^Hsy jeAHo ao APyrora. Y Ka.iiicy HJia xo;iiiko jiHoro Ka- 
cxe^ia H Ky.ia Kao mxo hx neiaa HHfAe Ha ApyioMe Jiecxy. Mecxa cy 
TaKO onacna, Aa a Aauac xa.MO HMa mhofo liacTe.ia, y Kojinia ce na- 
.lase CTpaaie paAH 6e36eAH0CTH nyTHHKa. Obo tbpaii h noBCia Ayma- 
iioBa (FiiacH. XIII. cxp. 375): ao cxapora nyTa ra.in'iKora. iJnaqii 
Aa ce rajiHiHHK SBao y XIY b. TaJiHMb. 



168 ctahdE h 04HOC11 cpncKHx apxohtiija 

MaHjHjiy, Kau mio bqm Ham ^yKjtanHH*: Pa^ocAaB . . . npe- 
mao DJinepaTopy MaHjn.iy n 6^aroHaKAOH.eflo 6ho npe- 
;;ycpeTHyT. II A^^AeMy csy .seM^y, Kojy je ^pa^ao Be- 
roB oTai], Ail y H.oj rocno/i,apH 11 B^a^a. Iloc^e AoniaB o^ 
HMiiepaxopa oinoine apJK'Ith h rocnoAapHXD seMAOM ca cbojom 
^patoM". Ha Taj naqHH npBe ro^HHe paioBaita (1149) ManyHjio 
ocBoJH 0/1, noMupcKe cpncKG apxoHTHJe CBe seM^e y noBpmjy 
BapAapa, mme\^y ELape h II,pHora Ap^Ma h yHHniTH eajys cpn- 
CKnr AyK.'taHCKor apxiiaiynaHa ca saropcKHii — pamKHM — ap- 
xnatynaHOM n apxiiaiynaH Pa^oc^aB noTqnHH ce ManyH^y. Obo 
je ^aHcia 6ho cjajaH ycnex npBe roAMe paTOBaaa. PacoH je 
6ho nopymeH, aanao y rp^Ke rpaHHi],e h Bnnie ce He cnoinae. 
TaAa nponaAa Kyta /l,parHHMlia h BHme ce HpsocAaB ne cno- 
MHH.e y HCTopHJH a PaAOc^aB n.srydno CBe seMJLe ochm CBoje 
o^eBHHe, CaAa cy cbh cpncKH noMopcKH aiynaHM e apxnaiynaH 
npHHOSHaBajiH BpxoBHy B^acT BHsaHTHHCKy H 6n^H Ha yc;iy3H 
M Hyn.iy*. 3a CBOje c^aBne no6eAe Manyn^o 3hmh 1149 r. ao- 



AyKjB. TA. 47., cxp. 59: Radoslavus ... p err exit ad imperatorcin 
lleiiianueleiu. et beuigne ab eo susceptus est. Deditque ei to- 
tain terram dpminandam eamque regendani, sicut tenuit pater 
ejus. Postea ... veniens ab imperatore caepit tenere et domi- 
nare terram cum tVatribus suis. 36or oitaKBor iiOHamaita h iipe^acKa 
H3 »upaTCKor* cajysa Ha cxpany i^apa MaHyHja, OBaj jiy oupocTii idto 
je uH.io, a.iu 3iy ,\aj\,e cajio ony sejLty, Kojy je /\p/Kao neroB oiau,, a 
CBy ocTa-iy o,iy3Jie. 35or OBora H3HeBepeH>a h nooyee ce upoTHsy Pa- 
Aoc.iaBa luejieua y Topiboj 3eTH 1151 roanae h ripe^aAy J\,eiaa Fopibv ' 

3eTy H TpaByHHJy. . . . : Post liaec surrexerunt quidam maligui 

et rebellaverunt ei, et adduxerunt Dessam .... et dederunt ei Zen- 
tam et Tribuiiiam etc. 

He paij.iHKyjyhii y cpiicKoj ncTopiijn j,y ,ie.iuH iiepuoA* r. 13acn.ieBCKU 
oeapas.ioHCHo bc.ih: j>ycTauaK y CpoHJii (?) oneBHAHO HVije uuo yryiucH 
aOor 3HMH.era Bpejieua" (Gj. Co. II. cxp. 238). Me^y thm KuHaii roBopii 
o paroBaity (1149 r.) c ^A^-iM^THjia it to y va. 6. HHr;\e ae cuoMHite 
Cpoe, a KaA lOBopii o uapcBOM paxoBaay 1150 roAHHe oh noiHite CBOJe 
uasHBaite OBai.o : ^Ha upajy (1150 r.) KaA uyTOuii y Cpoiijii oiiBajy 
a T. A- OiHr.ieAuo je, Aa je pax 11-19 6ho ca CpGiiJia A^i^i^'^^'U^' ^ 
1150 ca Cpiimia PaniKe = Cpoiije. 



CTAH>E II 0,\HOCH CPHCKHX APXOHTUJA 169 

6flje cjajiiH TpiiyiW) y n^apiirpaAy, a;iH ce aaropcKH aiynaHH ca 
apxH/KynaHOM ypomeM II joni momh Ha,],aTii ycnexy y caeeav 
ca CBOJHM cajy3HflUHMa, jep je HMuepaiup MaHyii.Kj qnTaBu agto 
1150 r. yiiOTpe^HO na to, Aa oap^h CBora cajysHHKa, Aa 3aAa 
noc^a CBOJHM npoTHeHHumna h a^ Juto BHiue mme moAE\)a ceoje 
HenpHJa'reybe, Kao mro je ycneo ca cpiicKHM npHaopjeM. Bek *e- 
(Jpyapa 1150 r. bhahmo MaHyn;iOBO nocjiaHCTBO y PepMaHnjii. 
a KoHpaA III narae Manya^y, a^ ce tbpao aP^h cajyaa, a^u 
HHJe Morao KpenyTH BOJcKy npoTHBy Po;Kepa 3a to , mio ra 
caiejia nodyna Be^b^a VI n mecTOMBceMHa rpo3HHi^a\ KoHpaAOBO 
noc^aHCTBo jaBJta MaHyn^iy, y Majy Meeeiiy, o hobhm nenpoH- 
Kaaia, na hmb, a^ je BejL$ VI ao^ho oa CHii,n^HJCKora Tnpa- 
HHia MHoro ^npoKABTHX HOBai^a" H Aa ee He MoaKe KpeHyni 
AOK He yrymn xy dyny. IIoinTo je aBrycia 6m caB^aAan Be.i.'i> 
H KonpaA ce cnpeMHO 6ho 3a hoxoa, KaA a^K H,eMy j\,o\)e Mac, 
KOJH ra saApatH oa noxoAa y HHxepecy BroaHTHJe: „J[o nac ao- 
iia3e n3Bein}ia — nnnie KonpaA BHsanTHJCKoj HMtiepaTopnuH : Aa 
je caB opaHij,ycKH napoA ca cbojhm Kpa^eM, no naroBopy h ca- 
BBTHMa THpana CHi],HAHJCKora, ymao y 3aBepy npoTHBy namera 
HaJApa^era dpaxa, iBora c^aBHora cyiipyra, h cripeaia ce, Aa 
AHrne opy^je h Aa ynpaBH CBy CBojy CHary npoTHBy H>eroBe 
HMnepnje. Mh cmo CMaxpa^H 3a cBOJy Ay^Hocr Aa ne MeAaMo 
OAaKO Ha Ty oko^ihoct, h y6eAHiiH cmo ce, Aa je noxpeoHo ca- 
■^eKaxH ncxoA KaKaB Le xo cBe HMaxn ; a.in cmo ce mh, y CBa- 
KOMe ciyiajy penman — cxaBirra Ha cyiipox xoMe hic h namy 
HMuepnjy 3a namera (ipaxa n H>eroBy oe36eAH0cx"'". 



' CiaB. C6. II., 240. 

^ JatfC; Mod. Corbeiens. pag. 305. Mil y aaui. OuCa. HejuLMo oitiix Mou. 
11 ja OBO ysjiMaji h3 na j,C.iaB. Coop. II., cxp. 240. IIhcmo r^acH: Nun- 
tiatur nobis, quod oiiinis Francoruni populus cum ipso rege suo 
contra imperiuni precellentissimi germani nostri — tui scilicet glorio- 
sissimi sponsi, conspiraret ot arnia uiovere, auctore et incentore Ci- 
cilye tyriinno, cum omni virtutis suae conatu dispuneret. 



170 ctahjE h oahoch cpncKiix apxohtiija 

Kao niTO cy Manyn.ia 3aAP^aBa.ae obg nenpiLiHKe y U^a- 
pHrpaAy, laKO cy ucto onei Tejsy oa yA^paita na HMnepHJy 
3aApa:aBa.ie HenpH.iHKe 6op6e OKOiio KHJeBCKora cTOAa. Y hcto 
Ao6a caMO ce ocnaajHO Poatep, jep je noMorao nann Aa ce no- 
BpaTH y Phm n a^ caB^aAa ApHO.tAa BpenmjcKor ^mnsMaraKa", 
DopeA Tora raio je BeL mhok) oho ycneo ^?i npHBo^H opanity- 
CKora Kpa.La Ayja VII, npeKO CHrepHJa, a^ cxynH y caBes e 
PoaiepoM. Eeiap adax KAHftHJcKH, Apyr BepnapoB n Cnrepn- 
jcB nnrae Poatepy: ,,Hama cpi^a, cpi^a CBHJy OpaHAyaa n^aMie 
TeatftOM H Ay6aBJby X'^ ciyne c BaMa y ysajaMHH cajys, na to 
Hac no(jyl)yje hhcko He^yBeno n noA^o rpqKo nsAajciBO h an- 
Hora HeBa.La^ura Kpa.ta npesia HamnM xai^njaiia. YcTaHH y nu- 
Mot napoAa 6o.aiHJera n ocBeia lo^uiKe yBpeAe"'. CajysHHi^H 6h 
ce 61/iAR KpeHy^iH, hau hm je cMeiao cajys „3apaateHor rpMKOM 
Henoc^yfflHOfflliy" repjiaHCKor Hinepaiopa KonpaAa ca Many- 
H^OM. Poatep (jh ce 6m Kpenyo c .lyjei, a.iH mxa te OHAa 6nTn 
aKO Harpne na itHHe 3eM.te repsiaHCKa BOJCKa ca ceBepa. 

II 3aHCTa Aa Hnje 6s ao OBora cajysa KoHpaAOBO-Many- 
HAOBor, join y jieio 1150 r. un-io 6n oa E^apHrpaAa oho, mio 
ce agchjIO c itHMe 1204: r. a oa^KancKo no^ocipBO nociaA** ()H 
Apyra IIa;iecTHHa. Obo 6a ocBojeae II^apHrpaAa (1150) 3aTeKJ0 
cpncKe 3eMj,e pacKOMaAane na MHoro Apa^^Bma h one 6n no- 
cia.ie n.LeH 11 njtuMKa pniepcKHx oeyAa, Mel)y thm je naA D^a- 
pnrpaAa 120-i r. 3aTeKao cpncKy 3eM.ty cHaaiHy n yjeAnH.eHy, 
• iHa He caMo ji,n Hnje y loiie noMara^a ocBajaqniia , nero je 
Aoin^ia c H>HMa y cyKoo h ^aiHHCKa ce HMnepnja HHJe MOMa 
OAP/Kain. 

III. 

%TaBo jieTo 1150 r. ManyiiAO ce Huje Morao KpeHym 
npoTHBy H'la^anje, a Pomep ce HHJe Morao KpeHyrn iipoTHBy 

' lb. 



CTAILE H OAHOCII CPIICKllX APXOIITIMA 171 

I];apnrpaAa. IIpeA jecen KonpaA je HaAOuo ii caB^aAao Be^oa 
VI, a y jecen ce MaHyMo KpeHe ah caB^aAa Cpoe, iia oHAa 
Aa Kpene hr Yrpe. ^CpCinja je seM^a CperoBH'ra u iiiyM..BnTa 
— Be^n Bn-Me-wi TapcKn: ona je TeniKo npiicTyiiaMHa ii na- 

^a3H ce Ha cpeAHHH ii3Met,y /l,a^Ma^lIje, Yrpaje ii M^npiiKa 

HapoA je Hen3o6paa:eH, 6e3 HKaKBe Aw.ixmAma, ouuTa^iaM upAa 
H n^aHHHa ; oh ne nosnaje aeM./bopaAfty. OpCn cy 6oraTn cia- 
AHMa AOMafie m TOBapne croKe h imajy H3o6H;ia M^iena, cnpa, Ma- 

c^a, MeAa h BocKa. Hiiajy ynpaBHTe.te Koje 30By mynaHiiMa 

Ohh cy jLyAH caije^iH n jyHaqHn"'. „ Jecen ce paqynajia — Be;itt 
KHHaM — y HaJ3roAHHJe Bpeie y roAiiHu, KaAa ipeCa npeAy- 
SBTH paine onepai^HJe npoxHBy Cpdnje, jep cy y to Bpesie ny- 
TOBH y CpdnJH Hapo^nxo Ao6pH 3a paTOBaae, ii c rope onajo 
^nratie" na HenpujaTe.'t nia Maae MorytHOCTn m npnKpiiBa cBoje 
BoJHe noKpeie h Aa ce cnacaBa roaeaa. 3a to ii,ap n ^npeBeAe 
CBOJy BOJCKy" h3 pacoHCKe odiiacTH CTeimmTa BapAapcKor, 
6jHaie „HHniy''' y cTei^nniTe p. CiTHHi^e, Koja Teqe npeiio Ko- 
coBa. ^ecHO iipn^o ynpaBH na cynpoT FrapcKoj npeKo jIoh- 
roMepnje n cmbcth ra okojio Hnma. ^c^naBniH a<i CpuiiMa nAe 
y HOMoti BojcKa E3 YrapcKe, „oh npn^oiKJi cBe CBoje crapafte 
Aa npoBeAe CBojy BojcKy npeKo TaKO HasBane ^onroMepHJ- 
CKe seMjte'' t. j. npeKo IHyMaAHJe (hra kojom cy OHAa Tpnii 



• lb. 

^ Cin. p. 1(14: Etti Naioor.. Haiip. 'ETti <-}()axtji; t.j. na xpaKHCKoj rpa- 
Hnn,H, a OB^e SHaMii — Ha rpaaHny HHUiKe oo.iacTii. Y KimaMa ctojh 
Dfrffj-trfa, o KOMe IIIa<i>apHK muc.iii ab. 3Ha4U Aaaamna Ceuiiua. Una 
cejio CeiaHHua, a.iii je ouo yAa-teuo o,\ jiecia oinKe ii iieMa 04 H>e 
nyxa iipeKO KoiiaouHKa. Lez^evitta Be-iH BacH^iCBCKH 3Hain CiiTHHua, 
jep y BHsaBTHHCKOM HsroBapaay BasAa ce iipeiBapa t y n, re laiio 
oj, CHTHima nociajo CexaHima. Ca. C6. II cxp. 216. 

^ lb. Jttt Tov AoyyofiT^pov /.syofitvou j^uqov T.j. iipeKO TaK0Ha3BaHe 36- 
MAe jloeroMepHJe, ga Rojy IIIa^apHK mhcjih, ^a je to HSKaKBa aiyna 
^yrojiHp, y hctoihom yr.iy UlyMaAHJe. K04 p. .lyro.\inpa, a Jiei^y thm 
113 ouHca uyioBaiba BOJCKe jacuo ce bhah, Aa to Hnje atyiia .lyroMiip, 
Hero xopa vloHioiiepiija 11 mije HHiuxa jpyro, Hero xaKO SBaua ill y- 
jiaAHJa, uaA kojom cy xa^a I'puH B.Kua.iH. 



172 CTAH.E M 04H0CH CPnCKHX APXOHTIIJA 

barx^ae). R Kpene ce BojcKa y ^ecHO (ev ^f^id) j\,ix npe- 
;].ynpeAH Yrpe, kojh ce Kpe'ivuH x>^ y^ape rpqKoj bojci],h y 6ok. 
„/I,omaBmH Ha^^n.sy k peiw CaBH", bqae Khhrm, mio snaqH, 
Aa je TO o^ejLeite rpqKe BOJCKe npem^io npeKo Ij[IyMa/i,HJe Ha 
;i,aHafflaH KparyjeBai^, Apantje^OBaij,, BajLGBO h la^a „0KpeHe" 
— Be.in iincaii,: ,;Apyroj pei],H, no HivieHy Ap™h, Koja HSBipe 
113 6pAa H ASiii GpoHJy o^ Bocne, jep BocHa HHJe noTqaaeHa 
cpncEOMe apxHatynany, Hero ce laj napo/i, oAe^HTo cam co6om 
ynpaBJta". 3a Bpeaie iiyroBaffia rpqKe BojcKe, y npaBu,y Ap^hh, 
rpqKH <i>ypaatepH cyKooe ce c yrapcKOM bojckom h ciyne y 
6opuy. Ka^ je uapy 6eao to jaB^Leno, oh 6p^e 6oibe nojaqa 
TO ^ecHu KpHyio noA KOMaH^oM npoTocenacTa JoBana. y cyKo6y, 
KOJH ce AoroAHo HSMetiy TpKa h Yrpa, obh 6Hine HaA^njeHH h 
Harny 6eraTii y npaBH,y p. Am\j. Ty no6au,ajy cBe , niTo je 
cieiajio HiHHOM 6p30M KpeTaay. TpqKa nx BojcKa y3acTonH,e ro- 
HHAa , a OHH 6e3o63Hpn,e 6era.M j\o p. Tape. TaAa ce rpqKO 

^eCHO KpH^aO HoBpaTH Xd ce CJeAHHH Ca MaBHOM BOJCKOM. /1,0K 

je AecHo Kpn^io tohh^o Yrpe, uap ce Kpenyo c bojckom h3 o6- 
^acTH CHTHHu,e H y^oropHo na cpeAHHH H3Met)y GnTHHii,e h p. 
Tape. TaAa je nyT boaho h3 CHTHKqKe o6.aacTH ys II6ap, na 
npeuia oBome, u,ap ce (ino y^ioropno H3Mei)y JapyTa n MoKpe 
Pope HciioA PojKaja, c jymne cTpane Poro3He. Ty ce npHKynn 
CBa B jjcKa, a oa 3apo6.'beHHX Cp6a u,ap casna, a^ apxn^Kynan 
oqeKyje Bojny noMoli h3 YrapcKe, na ce Kpene fl,njhe y npanuy 
p. Tapij. npeKo .iHMa npet)e koa Pycane (Be^ionoAa) n Aonpe 
Ao T;ii)e n3Mel)y cb. ApaHi)e.aa n iXomme. „,\o peKe Tape — 
BBAM liiinaM — ij,ap nnje cycpeo hh jeAHor HenpnjaTeyba, a.iH 
npH6.MatnB ce p. Tapn, npe cynqaHora 3axoAa, yBHAeme Ppun 
(iesOpojuy MHomnny Haopy;KaHHX Opoa". Ohh cy 6h.m Haopy- 
aiaHH ceKiipaMa, upatni^aMa, Maqnia n i^n^HTHMa: 
OAe.10 HM je 6eao: Ao.iaMe, ycKe AOKo.zieHHu,e n 6e.ie 
K a 11 e H a r.a a b aai a. „K:ia cy nx Ppun yrjieAa.iH Be^n Kh- 
ii;iM : iH)yMim rTpax)! a TpeneTOM oAMax cy i^apy jaBM.iH". 



CTAfLE 11 04110011 CPnCKllX APXOIITUJA 173 

y TOM ee noBpaTHO h Xypyii h3 H3BnAHHue ca HSBerateM, X'^ ce 
cpncKa BojcKa yApyatH^a ca uoc^aioM bojckom yrapcKOM. „Cp(>H 
te — peqe i],ap, — HSHenaAHO HacpHyin Ha namy BujcKy", na 
HapeAH j\,'d ce BOJCKa noBy^e nasaA, a KaA je HacrynH-ia not, 
MayEHjio Aft ^H npeAynpeAHO HsneHaAHH HaiuiA. napeAH, Aa ce 
Tpydn y Tpy6e, bito je 6ho 3HaK, a^ t»e Tyna cyipaAaH npe- 
AaHHTH, a Taj ey 3HaK no3HaBa./iH h HeiipBJaTe.tii. EoTaJHo 
naK o()jaBH nojeAHHi^e bojhhm cTapeninHaMa, a^ cBaKU Ha- 
opyata Haj6o.te CBOJe BoJHHKe h TaKo HaopyaiaHH Aa ^eKajy na 
i^apeBy 3anoBecT. j\-d hx naopyatane He (m HenpHJaTOA npHMe- 
TMO, 3anoBeAH, Aa ce orpny DiiamTeBHMa KaKse odaqHO capu- 
THaa HOCH, H TaKO npHKpnjy opy^je. 

CyTpaAaH KaA ce CBanyAO, no sanoBOCTH ManynAa, uiun 
cy HSBeAeHii Haj6oibH y chpotahjCkhm n^amTHMa bojhhuh ii3 
;ioropa 6oateM, Kao KOMopi^nje 6e3 opyatja, ca anioBHMa n pa- 
ffiftOBHiia 3a npoHaAaatefte y khtehm pynaiia xpane 
3a BOJcKy. OBHMa je too 3anoBet)eHo, KaA yMOAajy Aa na h>hx 
HAy HenpHJaiejLH , Aa ce oKpeny ii ^erajy naTpar aok ce He 
cjeAHHe ca cbojom noTnopoM. J HanpeAaK naK Aa HAy oBaKO : 
Hajnpe ABoJMi^a, noAaite H3a h.hx — qeTBopHAa, na mecTopnua 
u T. A- CBe BHme n Bnme. Y hcto je Ao6a Manyn^o ck^ohuo 
„CTpeAaqKy ^a^anry" h 3anoBeAn joj Aa nsnenaAa yAapn 
na HenpnjaTejLa ca cbhm c APyre cTpane. Ako CpCn ut- 
noqny 6oj, noKa 6erajy HaTpar aKO 6yAycAa6E[JH; ne nanaAHy 
AH HX Cp6H — MHpHO Aa CTOJO EopoA OHKOHa. „TaKO je uap Ha- 
peAHO 3a TO, Aa KaA ^h Opdn oa jypBnia aeroBe BojcKe ou^u 
OKpenyTH y 6ercTB0, Aa hx ona AaKO Haopyatana ^a^anra tohh 
H y^HJa''. CTBap je dn^a y OBOie: ohh xaJHH h najxpa- 
opHJH Aa naiame Cp6e y 6oj, na KaA obh 6yAy HaAfiHJeHH, 
^aKo HaopysKaHH CTpe^mn Aa hx rone n y^njajy. — „H sancTa 
— Be^H EHHaM — HHJe npom^o imoro BpeMona, a hsbhahh- 
qapH XHTpo AOAOTHnie H HcnpeKHAaHHM MacoM, uAOAH OA CTpaxa, 
napy jaBHHie, Aa je Ha aoboj CTpann p. Tape paspe^ena .i.a- 



174 CTAHjE II 04H0CH CPnCKIlX APXOHTIIJA 

jianroM orposiHa BojeKa HenpHJaieybCKa He caio oa Cp6a, Hero 
cy Ty H BCAHKe rpyne yrapcKHX KoaaHHKa h nnoBepHEX c ^Hia 
XjiAHCHJana"; peK 'Oe, ^a y peAOBHUia cpncKHM MMa h Ileqeaera 
Hiin Kyjiana. ApxnaiynaH Ypom II mio je aiorao BHme npn- 
Kynno je 6ho BojcKe noA KOMaH^oM aiynnna h3 Kyte B^KaHHta* 
Kau niTO cy 4,enia, HeM-tHb, Crpai^HMBp, MapocAaB, TpA. Ba- 
qflH n ocTaAH HOTqHfteHH JKynann Xfljta/i,aniH h CTOTHHamn. Ty 
je 6eao HeKo.MKO qeia yrapcKe KOH>Hi;e, Koje necy ^H^e ofl, Be- 
AEKe Biijjxe y Bp^eTHUM h 6paobhthm Mecraia h neniTO Xa^ca 
MyxameAUHai^a xaHeBH^cKe jepecii, kojh ce nasHBAy, y Yrap- 
CKHM cno3ieHnu,HMa , Ka^HSH, a ko/i, Cpoa cy sanaMteHH noA 
HMenoM Ke3yHa^ 

rpqKH cxpeju^ npHMaKHy ce p. TapH h Ty ce AHueji y 
AHU,e cyKode c HenpnjaTe.MMa, a^n hh jbahh, hh Apyrn necy ot- 
no^nH>;iAn doj. TaKo cy j\jto CTajaAe j\,Be neupnjaTe.tCKe Boj- 
cKe je^Ha npoTHB APyre. TeK OHAa, Ka^ ce i^ap MaHynAO ca 
saciaBOM nojaBHO na jeAHOj rAaBHi],n, na AecHoj oda^H Tape, 
rpqKn CTpeAU,n oinoqEy CTpe^jiMa 6oj. Ilociie Ao6pe qapKe ii 
6op6e KOA peKe, Cp6H Hanycxe moot na Tapii h noqeme oa- 



Hoft'myu Lex. v : Chalisiani 6;iH3y oa I[pHora Jiopa, h3 rpa^a XajHCiije. 
Obo .MR.ett.e uejia imKaKBa ocuoBa. KaKo ohh — no Kuaasiy — p^uBO 
paayjieBajy h nepyjy iiepy MojcajeBy, sioaie ohth, sinciii r. Bacn-ieB- 
CKH, A'd cy liapajiiiH, aaii. — AOAaj'e oh (iipim. 247) KaKo KaHajr Bejiii 
ua Apyroiie Jtecxy, Aa ohh Bepyjy y TypcKy Bepy (cxp. 247), HSjasH, Aa 
cy Xajiicii iiAu XsajincH oho hcto raro h KaAHSH (Calizi), o ko- 
JHMa HeiipeKHAHO roBope YrapcKH JbeioBHHHapa oa 970 r. ua iix jom 
Ha3iiBji>y HcjiaiuuhnMa, kojh Bepyjy y MyxajieAOBy nepy Kao ii bdHiCKii 
Bo-irapn, H TO y Bepy MyxajieAOBy xaue<i'HACKe jepecH, a npece.ii)Jin 
ce OA Bo.ire no iipoiiacrii li.iiapcKor napcxBa na Bo.ini, y^eH. 3aii. I 
H II OTA- Akha- HayK. Tom. Ill, crp. 737 H^ianaK KyHHKa. 
Ha JCAUOM iiecxy HasHita KaHaji BaKHHOca apxHatynauoM, a ua APyiu^ 
MecTiiMa iipocTO aiyiiaHOM. Il3.ja3n Aa je oho iipBO iiorpemHo. 
BepoBaxiio, iiocae iiiajjeHUHKe uiixKe: ohh cy saocxojn h uacxaHH.iH ce 
OKOJo Tape, IInBe h Apiue, na jeAuo h.iih uusub KaaHS, a Apyro - 
necy 3na-iii cpncKH h na ioboj) cawo ce ocjieJKHBao, kcbiio, ua ao6h4U 
HMc lit'3ynn. 



CTAtt.E H O4HOCH CI'UCKHX APXOHTUJA 175 

crynaTH Ha mapimaiiKy BHCHHy c HaMepoM, ^a A^Ay Cwikj y 
inapaHaHKHM T^ecraMa n la^iacajyJinM ce ^yKapasia. 

MaHyn^o noxjiia c bojckom iipeKu Mocxa 3a (JpoHMa, kojh 
cy OACTyna^H AO'Men, aok ce necy o(!pe;iH y nenpoxoAHUM ^e- 
CTaMa, II a ce TeK OHAa OKpeny naxpar ii cryne y fioj c P.iMej- 
HHMa, y KOMe cyKo6y naAHe Aocia 6opaua c joAHe h c APyi'e 
cipane, Yrpn dnme HaA^njeHH, Cp(»H noTHCHyrif, MHoni ,T^oiiaA"iiie 
D.'beHa a y tom 6pojy „ABa naj^HaTHnja Cpuuna (Xy})A<3(,-M) rpA'» 
H B^tjhh". CaAa ce na qHTasoj yooJHOj ^hhhjh OAnoqny dnjeBH ii 
cyKodn. /3,ok je HMnepaiop MaHyH./io HaB^aMno na cede oiuoii n 
y6oJHO opyatje, aeroBe BOJCKOBot^e XH<i>ap, Mnxan^io Bpana h 
Apyrn roneliH HenpHJa-reAa sanaAome y nenpoxoAHy qecry ii dnuie 
onKo.^beHH CpoHMa laKo, a^ He 6e Emejm hh jeAan qaxaBe MaBe, 
Aa HX n,ap ca cbojom $a^aHroM HHJe H36aBHO h A^^po hx — 
BCiH KHHaM: „Hapymflo h npeKopno 36or n^amybMBociH n He- 
no3HaBaH.a BOJHe BeniTHne". KaA ce ohh no^e^H npaBAain no- 
3HBajytiH ce Ha nearoAy MecTHocr h 3HMy, itap npeAy3Me KOMaH- 
AOBaae a H.HMa sanoBeAH a^ My cjLeAyjy- H 'laKO npHKyn.LeHa, 
pacHopeijena h oKypaatena poiejcKa BojcKa Kpene ce y OAcyAHy 
6HTKy. Metjy thm je cner 6ho hokphd 6pAa h u^annHe h 3acyo 
AO^HHe. BeiiH BpxoBH CuftaBHHe, EnpAHTopa n /l,ypMnTopa, ho- 
KpnBeHH ^eAOM h cneroM oh^ih cy cBeAOHH 're KpBaBe ()op6e, 
a u,HTia, Mpa3 ii BejaBMu,a CMexawia je bojhhm onepaH,HJaMa. 3i 
BpeMe Kpexafta poMejcKe BOJCKe, Cp6H h3 3aceAe narpHyine na 
^eBO H.HHO Kpn^o, a^n cy (mae OA^HJeHH. IIopeA i^apa cy jes- 
AHwia ABa aeroBa poi)aKa: JoBaH /l,yKa h JoBan KaHxaivyseH. 
„HenpHJaxeM cy ~ neiiH EnHaM : no3HaBa;iH uapa ho opyatjy, 
Koje je (JHAO npe-inBeno 3iiaxoM ; no3HaBa^H cy ra no fteroBOM 
cxacy H nopacxy ; — nosHaBa^M cy ra ho H>eroBOJ je3AH, jep je 
AHBHO jaxao Koaa h Benixo B^a/],ao opyasjei". J xoj nenpeKHA- 
Hoj 6op6H H qapKaaia „i^ap je HopaataBao Heiipnjaxe^ie iia^eM n 
KOHJteM", H xaAa ce, Be^n EnHaM, agchjo obo: ..jeAaH bojhuk, 
OA OHHX BOJHHKa, Kor je H,ap Kon.i.eM cxpoBajino Ha seMJby, — 



176 CTAH^E H OAHOCll CPnCKUX APXOIITIIJA 

;],iirHe ce, noxe^e y nanpe^aK, w Ka^a sa vAmj onaaa i],apa, 
H3Tpate Maq h3 Kopnua h 6axHe Ha ii,apa a^ ^y sa^a y^ap. 
Ofiaj ra rpyne HoroM y npcn, o6opH Ha demjbj h 3a/i,aBfflH ny 
paHy KOA oqHJy, Kpene a^ag". IIoa 'repeioM ooona h opyatja 
uapeB koh, o6poHH. G Tora H,ap saociaAe, sanoBeAHBrnn KaHia- 
Kyseny, Aa boah BOJCKy h npoAyan 6op6y, a oh te ra cintiH. 
H KaHTaKysGH, y uop6ii, yAapn no rpuHHH (apxEJaynana Ba- 
KHHOca c HaMepoM Aa ra npo6ypa3n, a;iH HHJe ycneo 3uor npe- 
noHG y HenpHJaieAeBOM HaopyaRaay. KaA je BaKHHOc yBHAeo 
Aa ra HanaA-'ijy casio Asa qoseKa, a c anie 6ejaxy ceAMopHD,a, 
OH crynn y uoj c KaHTaKy3eH0M h 6op6a je Aonr^a ao jynaq- 
KHX pyKy. KaHTaKy3eH Hsrydn ABa npcra Ha pyi^H h Bet je oho 
y onacHOCTH Aa H3ry6H jkhbot, a.M i],ap cbojhm Ao^acKOM cnaee 
KaHTaKy3eH0By MaBy oa cpncKe „ceKHpe", ho ohbt ce6e 
yBa;iH y onacHocT, Aa H3ry6H Masy. IJ^ap MHC^etiH, aKO sano- 
Aene C)0J ca ceAMopHu,oM, kojh onKOAanaxy JoBana AaKO Le ohth 
cpncKoj qeTM OA TpHcia jLyAH anx ohko^hth h no6HTH, naije 
3a noipeoHo, Aa najnpe paciepa ony qeiy oa TpHcra AyAH, h 
TaAa te OACxynHTH oa JoBasa ceAMopni^a. Ij[apaKHyB MaMy3aMa 
K0H.a, OH y^eiH y cpeAnny HenpHJaTejta, ho ynpaBAeHH KonAei 
yAap y HenpHJaTe^a 6h npoMamen, jep onaj otk^ohh omipHHj 
KOHjLa OA CBora (ieApa. TiiAa ii,ap cTynn c H>HMe y MHHiatiHH 6oj. 
KaA TO cna3H BaKHHOc h ocia^n c aHMe, ohh ocTaBHme Kan- 
TaKy3eH;i n noTeKome na i;apa. „TyHa ce, Be^iH KHHau, — 
AecH^a CTpiimna CTBap : II,ap 6aiyi kohab a Hcxpate laq, na je 
H.HMe caMO Max.io to AajyliH, to npnaiajyiiH yAapn,e, aok ce 
Apyni He ]);i3Hi)0nie, na ce OTnoqe abo6oj H3Mel)y H>era h Ba- 
KHHa, KOJH ce OA^HKOBao jyHamTBOM H npeKOMepHo 
B e ^ H K H M II n ] ) a c T u M. EocAo j[jYQ 6op6e BaKHH saAaAB u,apy 
CH^ian yAiipjiU y JHue : HMiiepaTopy je cnac^a jkhbot caMo sae- 
.i.e3Ha Jipeava, Koja ce oa ra;ieMa cnynrra npeKO ^Hi;n, jmh je 
VAapan f)Ho thko CHaataH, Aa cy Ko^yTn Mpe^e ynun y tg^o 
n nojaBHjM ce na ^nuy i^cipeBOJi". Y tom MOMenxy 6o^a Many- 



CTAtLE H 04H0CII CPOCKIIX APXOIITIIJA 177 

HjMO paHH BciKDHa y pyKv', na. My HCTpate Maq h3 pyKy m 
npe/i.aAe ra cbomg chhobuj JoBany Ajkh. BaKHH ce npe^aAe. 
MaHyH^o je xxeo aiiH y naiipeAaK, a^H BaKiiH, ho JKC^ieLii iiuni- 
(jMJe CBoMe pHTepy — nodeAHouy, noKpeHyr crojhm coiicTBeHiiM 
Be^HKOAymjeM , noKasyjyJiH 3eai;HMa na (-Bojy kocy Ha TAnim, 
CTapao ce oujacHUTH Aapy, ^a je TaMo y Haiipe^aK cpncKa boj- 
CKa TaKO MHoro6poJHa, c koj'om te ce cyKodHTH, Kar. mTo je 
MHoro6poJHa Koca Ha H.eroBoj MaBii h HapaBHO j\ii lie noruHyxii. 
3a TO ce i;ap Bpara y CBoj craH ca 40 3apo6^eHHKa, a CpCn 
OApatame CBOJe no3nu,HJe na UlapaHu^Ma. Y cTBapn Huje oujio 
j\o paTOBafta hh jeAHOJ hh APyroj cxpaHn. Opdnaia necy noMo- 
MH MHoro yrapcKH KOH>aHHAH, a jaKa 3HMa h CMeTOBH necy omh 
yroAHo Bpeme 3a paTOBaH>e. OTnoqHy ce nperoBopH anpa npeKo 
ypomeBHX noc^aHHKa, ii KaA je yroBop Mapa 6ho cBpmen, A'->i)e 
y ij,apeB craH h apxH^ynan Yponi II, no OHAanifteM oda^ajy, 
KiieKHe upeA i],apeM na seM^y a 3aKyfle ce, a^ iie ocrara Bepan 
eaca^'' HMnepnje h a^ te AaBaTu u,apcTBy, KaA paxyje y Eb- 
poHH 2000, a KaA paxyje y Ashjh Ka npel)aniH.HM 300, join 
200, CBera 500 BOJHHKa. 

H TaKO 6HTKa na IIIapaHii,HMa ynHniTH paniKO-yrapcKH ca- 
Be3, ynnniTH yrapcKe n^ianoBe , a^ ona cedn noTqann cpncKa 
n^eiena h yneta 6poj KpBHe x<\ii,^}Q na 200 sKHBOTa. 

OBAe je BpAO yMecTHO uHTaae : na KaKBe cy dnie nocjie- 
AHn,e OA Tora casesa ca YrpHMa, y PamKoj ? 

CyBpeMeHH xponnqapn oBaKO OAroBapajy: PoAHne 1151 
ycTany Pamann n 36ai],e ypoma II c apxnatynaflcxBa, na na 
aeroBO aiecTo ne H36epy (KaKo je OHAa 6eao y peAy) Be^yma, 
KOJH je paAHO Aa PaniKy noTqinn YrapcKoj, nero nsdepy Tp<^- 
tera 6paTa J\Qmj\ I],ap ManyHjio He oAodpn TaKaB nocTynaK, 



' XoH. cxp. 114 II 115. 

- y noHexKy ctojh »po6* ajH to SHaqa : — »Baca.i'^ 

■* Cod. Dipl. II pag. 4.5: Ego Dessa dei Gratia Dioclie, Serblie etc. 

rjlACHHK LIV. 12 



178 CTAHr.E II OAHOCH CPDCKllX APXOHTIIJA 

Hero onei BacnocraBH ypoma II, n oTno^He paT npoiHBy Yrap- 
CKe, y KOMe ce Op6H oopn^n npoTHBy HeAasHnx cbojhx caBes- 
HHKa Yrpa. 

y TOM, 1152 r. ,j,oroAe ce MHore npoMene: 

Yiape caBesHHK MaHyHAOB KonpaA HI m Hac^eAH ra $pnA- 
pux Bapdapyca; 

y 'ipaHi],ycKoj oxjaAHe cnpaM Pomepa h Hanycre imcao 
CTynaH>a c itMnie y caees. 

ManvHAo je npoAyatHo pax c YrapcKOM, h kra je ao- 
3Hao, Aa ee ypom uneT np^Ay^Ayje yrapcKoj, oh ra 3uauH h 
nocraBH, bgjh KHHai, 3a apxnatynaHa Be^yma, KaKO 6h ra 
ncTprao U3 caBesa yrapcKor, a^a je Be^ym TaEo A'^-^sko 6ho 
OTumao y TOJie cbomg KpaBij,y, j\,a, ce OApeKHe apxHffiyiiaHCTBa, 
a 3a apxnaiynaHa 6yAe nocraBibeH /l,ema, kojh je odnqno ro- 
Bopno : ycra ce K^ie^a, a^n je Aym^^ Henpn^ecTHa k^lctbh. 

1154 r. yMpe n Po^ep II, h caBes ce paciiaAne. Ha Be- 
AiUxR KHJeBCKH npecTO Aoi^e npHspatenHK ManyMOB jl^iopri€ j\j- 
ropyKH (1105); KHe3 ra.iHqKn caAa je oho H3BaH onacHocm, 
a KHe3 BiiaAHMHp, sei Be^ymeB yxeKHe y yrapcKy, Koja je 
caAa dn^a ycaMibena h H3ii03KeHa yAapn,HMa D,apa ManynAa. Ca 
CTynafteM na iipecTo KHJeBCKH J'^ioprra Mopaiia je nooeAHTH „npa- 
Boc^aBHa" napTHJa HnnxtHTOBa, kojh je opanno „npaBa djiaro- 
cuAafta i;apHrpaACKor na'rpHJapxa", h sancia 1155 r. 6yAe y 
lJ,apHrpaAy HocraBAen 3a pycKor MHTponojH'ra HajnayqeHHJn 
TpK OHora Bpeiiena, EoHCTaHTHH. Itera jl^ioprie npnqeKa c m\- 
mty ca CBHMa enHCKOiiHMa, kojh cy ocxajin BepHH u,apHrpaACK0M 
naipHapxy h OBaj O^aroc^oBH ^lopm na bo^hko - KneateBCKH 
iipecTn 1156: „TOrAa aie MHTponoAHTi Konctahthn'l npHj^e 

HCh L).\piarpAAA, H npHA H KHA^h ^lOprH Cb YCCTblO, H Ho- 

AOTCKH enHCKoni, H Maiivhai. CMOAeNbCKiH enHCKoni, nme 



/acholiiiie Dux etc. an. 1151. 3a obhm je oho Hcxe 1151 r. Magnus 
Comes terre Zacliilniie. 

(Mil. pair. 123, 225, 2^5 ii 236. 



CTA.H,E II OAHOCII CPIICKIIX AI'XOHTIIJA 179 

B*r\i\T» npeAi K/ihmomi. ; h tako HciipOKepiLiim Kahmokv 

CAyJKBY H CT0BA6IIHA, H CTRUpHlllG KOaieCTKeiiyK) CAyiTiKV 
H BAarOCAOKHUIOl KHA^A j\H)pira"'. H:i raj HuqiJlI (),l,[)HvH IIu- 

6ej\,j ManyHjiOBa no^HTHKa Ha cBHaia Tayitaaia, iia ii y Cituiijii: 
Kra 4enia HHJe xieo paTOBara npoTHBy Yrpa, MaHyiuo ra ua- 
3HH y „TemHHOM maHuy" t. j. y TemH^H koa Mupase. r.^, 
1156 Manyn^o ynHin'm OHaj caeea, kojh je nmao na ocBajaiLe 
'I'paqKora no^ocrpoBa, a krj\, /i,03Ha, /i,a /l,eiiia nasuBa yrapCKora 
Kpa^a „CB0JHM rocnoAHHOM" t. j. CHsepenoM, oh ra sijaun ii 
noniAe y I],apHrpa/], y 3aT0MeH.e^ a BeiiHKo-atyuaHCKa B^arr 
npelje na M^at^y ./iHHHJy ByKanoBHlia — na upnBpateHHKa iipa- 
BociiaBHe iJ,pKBe HeMaH,y. YrapcKa je yBYR^a Be^nKy jKyiiaHnjy 
PaniKy y cases 3ana/],HHX ApataBa npoTHBy Hc/roKa, c Hajiepoii, 
j\-d je ceuH noT^iHHH, a pa^fta canesa npoTSBy ManyHjia cBpuin 
ce 3a Cp6HJy na/],OM crapHJe ahhhjb ByKanoBatia, a na yrapcKH 
npecTo cxynn (1174 r.) cpoAHHK a npHBpaieHHK MaHyn^oB — 
Be^a. Cpdnja ce naa yje/i,HHH h BacnocTaBH cBojy crapy Kpa- 
jbeBHHy, Kojy cy Yrpja yHHuiTH^H, KaA cy yun^ii 
Kpa.ta ^eciiaBa (962). IIpoTHBy cpncKe KpaJLeBHHe ycxavin 
cy jlaTHHH 13 I^apHrpaAa h yrapcKH Kpa.t, a^n je npBH cpn- 
CKH KpajL HaA^HO XenpHKa H3a Hnnia, a yrapcKy BOJCKy pa3- 
npniTa PocnoA ca He6eca rpaAOM h MyH)aMa. YrapcKa noTnomaaic 
ByKana npoTHBy UpBOBenqaHora ; noiaate /l,paryTHHy npoinBy 
uu,a H Kpa./E.a Ypoma; Yrpn ce 6ope npoxHBy cpncKe D,apeBnHe. 
OcBOJefteM XpBai'CKe y noqexKy XII seKa, YrapcKa 3a- 
y3HMa Pasiy h Bet npyma CBOJe pyKe h na Pamsy ; iiae noueAa 
MaHyn^aoBa Ha IIIapaHUHMa nopymn yrapcKe acimpanirje na Cp- 



' HnaTbeii. Aiio — 3. cxp. 333. 

2 mia 3Ha»je i^eiii KiiHajioBe o ^enm j\.^ ra je iiocjao y II,apiiipaA " »ap- 
acao noA CTpaatOM y ABopuy*, Hajfio./Le iioKasyje c^y^iaj ca Auapohhkoji 
KojineHOM. Ilo raxo je yxBaxHO n.eioi!0 iiiicmo ,\a iiyAU TrpiiMa IIoAy- 
HaB^be caiio Aa My iiosiorHy Aa Aot/e aa napciin iipecro, nap raje cto- 
BHo y TaMHHuy, h3 Koje je oh yxeKao, a pe^eHO je: »oAJyiiio la oa 
ce6e H Apsiao iioa cxpaatoM y ABopuy''. Khu. cxp. 143. 

12* 



180 CTAILE 11 OAHOCH CPnCKHX APXOHTIIJA 

6njy M Cpunjii nocraje KpawteBBna. IIIto cy uh^ih Yrpn npeMa 
CpijHMa y Baropjy, oho cy M^eqiiiiii npeia Cp6HMa y IIoMopjy, 
na KaKO cy obh cMeiaiiH 3aropiiiiMa y cTBapaay KpaieBHHe: 
onaKo cy MjieqnliH CMOTa^H Ayinany y aeroBEM nAaHOBHiia na 

E^axMrpaA- 

Tko nponpa-rn Ha my AO^HIIjy HCTopirjy y IIpiiMopjy a y 
3aropjy, oh te nalin y aoj HeyMniny ^ornKy, Koja jacHO o6e- 
^OAaayje name caBesHHKe n npnjaTejte y dopCin 3a HaLtnoHa^HH 
oncTanaK, a Hahn te h HenpHJaTeAe kojh cy yspoK namer to- 
AHKO-BeKOBHor cTpa^aBa h napoAHe naiae. OaKia cy laKO no- 
BHaxa, x<^ ux ja netiy HanoMnH>aTH. 

IV. 

OcTa^ao je jum je^no nn'raae, na Koje lopaMO AaTH oa- 
roBopa, Ha nme: 

KoJH 6eme oho Cponn, niTo onaKo jynaqKH noAe-iH MerAaH 
ca KaHxaKyseHOM n ca ij,apeM Manyn^ioM, komg i],ap Be^iHKOAy- 
fflHO onpocTH JKHBOT Ha iGJAaHy a oh u,apa npe/i,ynpeAH ji,ix ne- 
ocraBH CBOJy MaBy na II[apaHi],nMa ] Ja ty naBecTH CBa MH>eH>a 
H Bepne noAaTKe o KunaMOBOM jynaKy BaKHHy, na te caMH ^h- 
Ta<ti],n npecyAHTH tko je oh 6ho. 

YrpH cy HOCjia^iH y noMoii Cp6HJH KOftannKe n BepoBaiHO 
nx npoABOAHo Be^iym. BaKHH ce 6opH neniHi],e. 

Du Cange mhcah, ^a je BaKHH, apxHJKynaH PaAuCAaB 
rpaAHHHli. Ho HCTOpHJCKHM no/i,aTipMa PaAOcaaB HHJe hh 6ho 
y 6ojy Ha IlIapaHUHiia. 

r. BacHJteBCKH' bGjIh: „HMa HMena y FrapcKoj Vachan", 
na „MHCJiHM", j\,c\ je BaKnn uno boI) yrapcKe BojcKe, jep je 
H KOA yrpa 6hj10 ^ynana. OnAe nnje Vaclian, nero Bukxhh 
T. j. BaKX, a HMa y 3eTH u,pKBa cb. Cptja u Baitxa. BaKxun 
je A^KJie HMe xpHmLaHCKO BaKx. 



' Ciaii. Criop. II. 28. 



CTAILE II 04110011 CPIICKIIX APXOUTHJA l81 

XoHHaT H KHHaM cByAa cnuMHity, r^e cy ce a y KOMe cy- 
K('()y uopMH yrpH, i\AE HspeKOM TBpAe Aa ce casio Cpuii uopu^ 
c ii,apeM 3a BpeJie oupue h ABOuoja c B;ikuhom. H aKo ce caMo 
no DMeHy mokb AOMHiu.i>aTH ko je 6ho BaKiiH : ohah mii iiMajio 
cpncKflx HMOHa : BfeALxanb h B-feAxaHnti' ; naaMO BaKyjiiiK* hah 
BaKy^flii ; HMaMo BnAbxanB h BH-itxaHnK^ 11 t. j\,. h cyAehn no 
OBHM nMeHUMa, mh ohcmo peiuH ^a BaKXUH mhe HiiiiiTa Apyro 
SHaqiiTii, Hero nine xpnmtiaHCKo BaKXHH*. Ho Ha crpaHy aomh- 
mjbuibSi, KaA mh HMamo koa cyBpeaieHHX rpqKHX uHcana TaKaB 
AjmEE onHC Tora 6opna ca ManyiiAOM, noc'ie Kora, Moate ce na 
BaKHHa npHieHHTH ona napoAHa nocAOBHi],a, Koja mrch: ^caMc 
TH ce KajKe". 

EnnaM^ Be^n 3a BaKXHna: ..OA^HKoBao ce npeKOMepno 
B e A n K H 31 n p a CT m " . 

KaA je uaK 1 1 7 'I4 r. HinepaTop ManynAO npHcneo y IJ,a- 
pnrpaA ca HeMaaoM, fteaiy je (HMnepaTopy) Ba^aAa qeTBpin 
nyi, H3roBopno noxBa^Hy oeceAy ^lyBeHH EBCTaraje coiiyncKH, y 
Kojoj je, H3Mei)y ocra^ora, HeiaftH peKao : „He Mory ItyxKe 
npetiH a a^ Kojy ne peKHeai Heiaftii, kojh mh je h y 
ApymM npHAHKaMa Kao HesHljeH, A^Bao hoboa^, a^ 
roBopHM cBeqane 6eceAe, a caAa je npHByKao Ha cede Moje o^n 
H Moje AHB.ieH.e: mjtk, He OHO^HEe Bucnne, KaKBy npn- 
poAa Aaje APyrHM AyAia, Beti MHoro HaAMamyjykH" ooh- 
q a H A y A c K H n p a c t. . . . Epel/e ce xpaopno m naBAKao 
Aa ce 0Aynnpe h xa y^ieke y 6op6y (ce^iy), a^n ra npenpo- 
yqao na Ao6po cxpax, h joni BHme pane'. 



' Pje^. Ct. 'B. AaHHiHha cip. 99. 

•■' lb. 22. 

3 lb. 114. 

^ He npaiajy HaiipasHO imciui Aa ce Hejiaita Kpcmo iiocje ;3i" rojiiua. 

' Pag. 112. 

** YnpaBo BC/iH, ^a iipiipoAa Ha apraHHe o^JiepaBa .tyAJia nopaci, a He- 

iiaibH Aaja nopacT Ties Jiepe 

'• Tafel, Thesal. pag. 434. — C.iaBflH. Ooop. II. 28-5. 



182 CTAIfcE II OAHOCII CPnCKIIX APXOHTUJA 

y oniiey HeMaanHa a^HBOTa, iteroBHM poi/eHiiM cnHOBHMa, 
HnrAe Hnnna nesia o Toiie, Aa je H,nH OTan, 6no Ka^roA paaen, 
ajiH je CBGAOijua EBCTainjeBa laKBa, j^a o itoj ne Moace dnxn 
Hu HaJMaae cyMH>e. Ha niTa to SHaqn, a^ chhobh HeJiaitnHH ne 
cnoMHay pane' o^HHe, a EBCTa'mje roBopa o aeroBHM pa- 
HaMa, y aeroBOM npacyciBy ? ^a ^h nnje HeMaaa noA APyriJi 
njiGHOM AQAHO JieJAaH ea MaHyn^oi? 

HeMaaa ce poAno y ,],hoohthjh, tah je naJBetia m HajsHai- 
HHJa cpncKa i^pKBa 6n^a, koa Koje je caxpaiteH Kpa^ BoAua 
u Apyrn H npe h noc^e BoAHHa, i^pKBa cb. Op^a m BaKXa. 
HeMaay je Kpcrao y 4,hokahthjh AaxiHCKH CBemxeHnK, n pa- 
3yMe ce naAeHyo ly Hie, a^n KaKO My Hie j\w1 Hama cy 
xponnqapn jacno saue.ieiKH.iH, x^ ra najnpe Kpcrno ^ainncKS 
cBemTeHHK, a uogaq, oh je npemao y npaBoc^aBHy Bepy ii noqeo 
BnAai'H npaBOCAaBHe ManacTHpe, 3a niTO cy na itera ycrajia 
upata. XpHffltiaHCKO (i^pKBeno) My hmg 6mo npaBoc^aBHO Cxe- 
$ a H. H.3 HapoAHor c p n c k o r concxBenor aeroBor HMGHa oh je 
HaqHHHo CBOje npesHMe: 

— .jHeMaaa je (ne^H AyKapnti'^) 0A^aij,H0 CBoje 
npesHMe, Kao cyBHnie hhcko h cTBopno Apyro (npesHMe) 
3H CBora concTseHora HMena". 

OyeBHAHO je HeMaaa 0A6aij,H0 cBOJe npesnMe B^bKaHb(Hti), 



Cr,. Caita, o CBOJie ouy HeuaH-H, Bejii: ^0) KftaAMY^CTKl: ero li \f)h- 
jKaKT. lie II c II II CIV OM I, ero no p€;^oy, R/iie CAMiiri.voMh ii 
i{ii.\t,voi.n., YMiioiKciiiiiA f)^^,» cAcoKech, e,\iiiih no Corii kkctk 

II YAOKr.KOI.ll> II 6 V T A C H KOAIIKh lIOAKUrk (TO GhlCTh a> IIACb .... 
I!l, on l.lh ,\ II I! II M (uA peill A"") 11 CTf>:\lllllhl iiJ\A,\M;iA l{i\JA"YI»0TI{OV- 

ioi|iiii.ii>, II iipo(.TO ptqiii : II II i> IIP. II p It \o;i;h Th ce Kb iiei.iov'. 

llhvi.. ?,. 

Copioso listietto degli Aniiali di Rausa di Giacomo di Pietro Lu- 
cari. In Venetia. lHOo; ^N'ema^ua rit'uto il suo casato, come cog- 
iioine t r o p p o basso et t'uniio iiii alt(r)(j dal suo p r o p r i o 
II II 111 e' BiiA- Ciaii. Coop. II. 1m!. 



CTAH>E 11 04H0CM CPIICKHX APXOHTllJA 183 

HH3 CBora concTBeHora, cpncKora HJieHa N6MtHb\H;i- 
qHHHo npesHMe — HeMaaa^. 

II TiiKo, cpiicKo HMe HeMaifcHHO uHAo Nem-biib; kha je 
npemao y iipaBoc^iaBHy Bepy, fl.o6EO Huie C're^aH ; aAH KaKO My 
je A'^o xpumtaHCKO Hie ^aTHHCKH cBemTemm, Ka^ ra je y J\,^- 

OKylHTHJH KpCTHO ? HajCTapHJH HeMaH.IlH ciin, Y (illUcy '/KnBO'ia 

CBora oi^a, Kaaie : oiiiJe h HecoviHTOv mh Thi aa hh noMiiei|JOY 



' MHK^iouiiih (y Personennamen) sa Hsie Xenian Kanie, ,\a siy je aua- 
iieae HenosHaTo iim\ cyMaiiBO. 

FpiKH ce TO HMe anine Nieuaf, a maa cpiicKo coiicrueHO HMf 
HeM-siih (b. r^iacH. XXIV, cxp. 260): .,iiiTo Kovnii ffi P^nkka II e- 
M-KHURA'' H T. A- Obo cpncKo iisie || c m -K n k m'OJia je ciapiiucKo, 
na MUC4HM, Aa je oa imeHa || e m -k N h "ucxa-io (iipesHMe) H('MaH.a, 
11 TO no oHOMe saKOHy Haniera jesiiKa, no komc je uoCTa.io Hanp. oa 
rjarojia hm-KTM • — IIMAMU, a onex oa oaroja h€HM1;TH — 
N 6 H I.I vi i.i hi "a H Hauia Aaeainita pen: HeMaii hmi iisiaM. ^anae je 
Hwe ||6Mi:lih nocTa;io OA rjaroAa — HeiinjeaaTK a cjmcao je HMena 
— HeMHJ eaaj y tiH ce, HenpoMeH.tH ini t. j. cxa^an. 

npesHMe, ynpano, xpeGaao uH Aa je lleMtllKl. a^in je no CBOJcxr.y 
jesHKa Aom.io Ha Mecxo t,. cjobo a, Kao h y i.aai'OJ.y - nejiaji, naje 
nocxa.io Hejiaifca. Obo je cpncKo cxapHHCKO npesuiie HaJBK Ha npe- 
3UMe: IlaMyiHHa, 06yhHHa. Bytia a t. a- Hauiu ce Kpa.*eBH noTnHCii- 
ua.iu Hanp. ypom II, Ilesiaaa VI, Ay™aH, HeMaaa VIII. Osa pei 
HeMaH^a y HaJHOBHJe Bpewe npeoKpeeyxa je h yiipaBO MCKBapeua ca 
lit, Kao KaA OH npesMMeny IlaMyiHua AOAa.iH n h, na nocxa.io IlaMy- 
iuhhL Haje AaKje h>hho npesHJie HeMaHnh, Hero HejiaBa. 
- y AnaacxHJH Heiiaaa, ochm cHHa, ocnoBana h xBopna noBOia npesn- 
Mena, ByibKana, neira Eume hm jeAHora Hejiaae, kojh oh hocho HMe 
B^lbKb HJH BjbKaHb. ||6M-ENh je HJH N£^^av Lxitpavov t. j. || e- 
Ml:Nh je CHH Cxe*aHOB, ue.iH Xonnax fcxp. 205). 

Eor je OH Cxe«i>aHa cuh ? 

AHa KoMHeHOBa (kh.. IX, ivi. 10. crp. 433 n 434) bcih: »TaAa je 
B./ibKaHb c noBepeftem Aouiao uapy (oko 1096-7 r. AjeKcnjy I Kom- 
HCHyj, y npaxan cbojhx cpoAHHua h HaJBaaiHHJHX synaHu, h AparoBo^mn 
Aao u,apy y xaouiTBO Ana CBOJa CHHOBU,a, na ujie: yponia n Cxe^aHa 
ByKaua (x. j. ByKaHOBHha). 

OBaj ypoffl (cHHOBa^ ByKiinoB) HMaoje xpn CHua: (HpuMHCiiaBa) 
ypouia II, Be.iyma h ^emy. H jeAHy uhep Jeaeny, yAaiy sa 
Kpa.ta yrapcKor Be^iy C^ienor. 

Osaj onex CxetaH ujiao xpn CHua : lleMtua, C xpa nn mh pa n 
MHpocyiaBa, h jeAay Ktep, VAaxy sa TpaAnay apxHaiynaua ,ly- 

K.'iaHCK0l'. 



184 CTAFLE II O4HOCH CPnCKMX APXOHTHJA 

cyBhuiHxh lesKe poJK^^hciKt lero, ajm caM no qyBeity qyo. 
4a cy TaA;i ou-iu Be.inKn jieTeatn Kb cTpAH-b ceH cpbnb- 

CKUIf. ^6MhAI€ H jI^H(dKAHTHI€ H ^aAhUaTHie H TpAByHHie', 
H Cd^eMeAhCTBOKANOV C0V1|J0V pOAHTbAH) 1610 (OTb B(>ATHI€ 

CK0I6, uiiH nie H:;biiib;^b (OTb k():imoah HXb Bb m-kcto 

J!^HG)KAHTHR . . . Ty.ce pOAno Hejiaifca . . . . o^ x p a m o v c o v- 

qiHMb Bb ^6MAH TOH H AATHIIbCKUMb HI€p6C0Mb CdO^^ORH 
C6 npHt€TH AATUMbCKOI€ Kpbl|J6tlHI€ .... BpATHB C6 NA CTOAh- 
I10l€ y^CTO, . . . llpHMH KbTOpOie Kpbl|JBNHI€ . . . (lOTb pOlfHU 

ApXHi€p6i:\ nocp^A^ cpbnbcxui€ :^6mai€ ov xpAMoy • . . . aho- 

CTOAA nCTpA H HaBAA: IAKO (OBOIO CbCi)UV MAtKO CbCAAb''^. . . 

Taj iipo.iasaK y iipaBOCjaBHy Bepy laKo Be^inKor npnHi^a ras. 
KHGsa uHu 6ii II y name A'^^hg oa Be.iiiKor SHaqaja n BaaKHOcrn, 
a oHAa je TO join Bnme HMajio anaqaja n BajKHocin. Itera ii 
3aB0AH npaBOC.iaBHH HMnepaxop BHsaHTUHCEH Manyou, na 3iy n 
noK.aoHH J\y6o^E]\y „hh cb btyb Ht^cbdoBbiiibNO". . H oh noqee 
Aa 3iAa n,pKBe, Ha H>era ycTany fteroBii cpoAHEu,Q, ho ra oa- 
opann AecHnij,a KpenKa n BHcoKa t. j. njiuepaxop ManyHiio. 

JacHo je, A^Kwie, a^ je oh, Kao n cbh namn ajynann h 
B.iaAaoMH HMao cpncKO HMe H e m t n b rpqKn Ka.aeHAapcKO — 
CreBaH, a .laTHHCKH CBeniTeHHK Aao My „ov xpAMOv" cb. Cpl^a 
II B a K X a HMO B a k x. HeMa cyMae, j\,ii to ime BaKX h jecie 
BaKXHH, BaKX eaii BaKxnn, a to h jecTe rpqKO hmo Bax/i- 
vog. Kao niTo ce KaHTaKyaenoB BfXxog Morao npeBecxn ca 
Bfrrog, TaK(» ce u BaKHH mTAO npeBecTii ca BaKHH. 

H TaKo HeMan.a nma qeTiipn HJiena : cpncKo — N e m -& ii b; 
.laTHHrKo-xpiimtiaHCKO — BaKHH; rpqKO-npaBOcaaBHO — Cxe- 
«i'aH H Ka.iy])(^pcKO — CnMeyn. :^a to cy HeMaae h mTHTUJie n 



' OAe.iHTO je cpiicKa scM.ia, OAejuxo AyK-*a, OAejiiio ^ajjiainja ii OAe- 
-iiiTo Tpar.yiiiija. 

* /Knit. CiiM. cii). 2 II 3. y Taiii. llla'i'. 

ram. Ilhi'i'. cxp. ."itf: „Kh;5f>flCT0l.lh CII .\. StTllh". 



CTA11.E II 04Ht)CII CPnCKllX APXOHTIIJA 



185 



iiOAii3;i;ie MaHfifTiip cb. Cpba n BaKxa, iia lii ii i;iia.Liiii,;i Jt'.iHH;i 

OUHOBH^a. 

KaKBH C}' TO un^H ..Be^KKfl MeTG/KH" y CplICKIUI 3eMAaMa 

OKO lllo 11 1114: ro;i,HHe, Ka^ ce pOAHo Henaita? 

(Pam. m. 2): A^b Cie^xn H3Met,y 1081 — lOSO, Ha- 

(Kpa^b I) p02RACtiM (HemaifcOM) naAHe PdCJep'r TBacKap ua bii- 

CKA/fiOV KAMb CBOf.ro (oTii,a) saHTHHCKy i],apeBHfly. Kpa.t Bo- 

pO/TvAbCTBO BUBhmOV BG- ^VIE HHJe HO yroBOpv iipHTeKao 

AHKoy MeTeaioy Kb crpAiit cen y iiomoL A;ieKcnjy. Boahh o'^e- 

cpbnbCKUi€ i^eMAif; ii J5,hokah- ibm JaKHHioM tiepKuM noTOiter 

Tiii€ H /^(]iAMAqHi€ H Tf>.A8viiHi€ rpqKor sanoBeAHHKa y Bapii 

H (oi^eMAhCTBOKAHOv coy- Aprapa. 

qjoy pOAHTCAH) icro wTb Rpji- IJ,ap A;ieKCHJe paiyje c 

THi€ H^biiihAb (uTau He- Pf'inKMM iKynanoM ByKaHOM m 

MaBHH) ©Tb KpJlMOAH H.Vb V ^^^^ ^ '^^^^^ fterOBB CHHOBUe 

^HOKAHTHia, r^e poAt H cero ^ poma CreBaHa. 
(OTPOK.A m MtCTt pui;iiHi|ci, 1096 r. noqaite ce Kpeime 



OV XpAMOV COyqJHMb Kb ^cmah 
TOH H AATHIIbCKMMb Hlfp6(i)Mb 
. . CnOAOBH C6 H AJkTHHbCKOie 
npHI€TH Kpbl|JHllHI€ (nO flO- 

Bpamy y PaniKy) BbTopoe i»pb- 

qJ6MHI€ CliOAOBH C6 MpHICTH 



KpcTaiuKe BojcKC. Ofla saAaje 
TO^HKo noc^a A^ieKCHJy, A'I ce 
OH HHJe Morao Mema'm y cpncKe 
CTBapn. — OBy npa^HKy yno- 
Tpedn BoAHH, 're ocbojh Tpa- 
Bynnjy h Xyi. IIorydH Tpii 



dOTb povKU apXHiepera nocpeAt ^pa'ra oa CTpnij,a PoAOC^aBa, 
cpbnbCKUie 7,eMm (y xpaiy cb. a ocraJiH OA^erny y D,apnrpaA. 
an. Eeipa h flaB^aa). Boahh HanaAHe na ByKana h 

npHMopa ra a^ nocTaHe speci- 
aliter BaeajiBoAHHa h H,eroBora 
CHfla 'Boplja. 

1102 r. Ha MecTO "Bopija, 
3eiinHH H3uHpajy 3a Kpa.^a 
B .1 a A ii ^i H P '^ 3eTa ByKa- 

HOBOr. 



186 



CTAR.E H OAHOCH CPHCKHX APXOHTIIJA 



1107 r. BojeMyHA (h3 Htr- 
diHJe) H;in;uHe na BH3aHTHHCKy 
i^apeBHHv. II,ap A^eKCHJe iio- 
craBfl aAMHpa^oM de Condi- 
Stephana (D. 58), Aa ciipeqH 
HCKpnaBaite BojeMyHAa, ho ne 
ycne. Pax ce npoAy/KH qnraBe 
1108 roA- BojeiiyHA h A^gk- 
CHJe MHpe ce n BojesiyHA ce 
BpaTH Hai-par , a^ ce cnpeMH 
H onei j'AiipH Ha TpgRy. j\n 
je BAaAHMHp HMao CHomaje c 
BojeMyHAOM, bhah ce h3 Tora, 
ffl'fo nap A^ieKCHJe majte PaAO- 
cjiaBHke y j\v^^- H> u m a B ;i a- 
A H M H p II p a m T a . JaKHHia 
OTpyje ByKaHa, mro je iipe- 
KpniHo saK^exBy iteHOM uiyaty 
H CHHy, a PaAoc;iaBHliH O'rpyjv 
B^iaAHMHpa. 1112 r. no CMpTH 
ByivMHa, ypom iiporHa oua He- 
jiaifcHHa y /J,0OK4HTiijy. 

PoA. 1113 T>opi)e 3ay3Me 
Sexy H ocBOJH Paiimy (1114). 



Oxau HejiaifcHH oho je y Epn- 
Mopjy H y .Aiecxy PfluHHij,H 
(rAe ce xeaxa h;ih npoAaje 
pH6a) poAH My ce chh HejitHb, 
KOMe ^/laxHHCKU non A'lAe HMe 
BaKXHHOc = BaEHH OA pe^H 
BaKx'. Idopija HaAoHJy PpuH 
c PaAOC^aBHtiHsia, h oh yxe- 
KHe y PamKy Ypomy. Oh e 
PamaHHMa ocbojh /l,H0K.iHXHJy, 
H HaA^HJe Ppydemy. 

1126 r. i],ap bhshhxhhckh 
HaA^HJe ypoma h on.La^Ka H,e- 
roBy dmjbj ; H>eroBe BojcKOBol>e 
HaA^HJy "Bopl^a, sapoue n oa- 
BeAy y Il,apHrpaA. Ma xaMHHue 
H3BeAy Ppy^emy h nocxaBe ra 
apXOHXOM AyK.taHCEHM, Ka<> Ba- 
caia BHsaHXHHCKor, a y GsaApy 
H ApyrHM sexcKHM rpaAOBHMa 
ocxany rpqKH rapHHSOHH. 

Obo h jecy ..Be-inKH jiexejKH'' 
y cpncKHM seji.taMa. 



p- 



UPE'RKOBH'R. 



Kao iii)iiim, ueponaTflo je KpmxeH y cjanaoj upkbh AyK-tancKiix n.ia- 
japa. ci!. xpajiy CpJ;a h DaKxa, iia My .laxiiucKii cneniTeHiiK ii Aao 
TaiiH'i inic. 



UPHA PEKA 

nPHJlOr 3A HCTOPHJy H ETHOrPA*HJy CPBHJE, 



HaJHOBHjH ouHAa/m pa;i,OBH Ha nojty cpncKe HCTopuje mi 
miiAQji,E>E /i,ei],eHHJyM roAHHa , kojh noinqy U3 nepa Ha mux u 
OHocTpaHHX HCTopHiapa, /i,ajy asMGAa, m te c(3 MHore neiipa- 

BHAOCTH y CpnCKOJ HCTOpHJH 3a KpaTKO BpeMG HlMipaBHTH, MHOre 

npasHHHe iionyHHTH n MHora TaMHa Mecra ocBeT.iurn. 

Moaieio petn, x^ HHJe A^jieKO npeie, Koje nac pasABaja, 
Aa AodnjeMo y pyKe KpHiaqKH h na bgphhm noAau^Ma HanHcany 
HCTopnjy name oTaijidHHe, Kao hito je HMajy n Apym odpasoea- 
HHJH OA Hae HapoAH, kojh cy 6h^h y noBo^BHHJHM npn.iHKaMa. 

IIopeA ocraiinx APyrnx A6^a, Koja ce OAHOce na nu3Ha- 
Baae cpncKor napoAa, mh tieio obao 6aD,HTH caaio jeAan homga 
Ha KanHTa^HO aqao r M. "B. MH^iiilieBntia, hoa nacAOBOM ..Kne- 
mesHHa Cpdnja'', KOJe je yMGAa^o cBeia 76-Te roAnne o TpomKv 
MHHHCTapcTBa HpocBexe. 

y TOM A6^y Haiia3HMo npH6paH no roioBy caB ko^hku 
paCTypen MaiepHJaA hctuphjckh, kojh ce oahoch na H<'3HaBaH.e 
name aomobhhb, a mTaMnan je 6ho y ^TyiacnHKy cpncKor y^ieHor 
ApyniTBa", h^ih th naK y APyrwM noBpeMenflM AHCTOBHMa h 3a- 
ce^HHM H3AaH>HMa, KOJa ce oAHOce Ha BamHHJe Aoraljaje h3 cpncKe 
HCTopHJe H iiHiHocTH 3HaMeHHTe MaxoM H3 HOBHJer Ao6a. 

Pa3MeAajytiH obo a^.ao, mh cmo ehuiar y iteay Aocra hobhx 
CTBapH, aAH H AOcra npa3HHHa, napo^HTo y ohom Ae^y, rAe 



188 UPHAPEKA 

je peq Thmoiikoj KpaJHHH, n o sHaMGHHTHM ^HqeocTHMa h A'>- 
rat^aJHMa i3 Tor Kpaja Opdaje, Koje npasHHHe xpeda no nameM 
MHfflyieifcy noiiyHHTH, a Hejacna lecxa, y ko^ihko hx hmh, ocBe- 
T^TH. y TOM noMGAy, Kao H Ha npii6MpaH>y cpncKHX HapoA- 
HHX yMOTBopHHa. cBaKO OK^eBaite, CBaKH HGiiap y onmie, 6no 
6h oa hgoughhmg mxGTG 3a HcropHJy ; JGp 6h ocraB/baitG TaKnx 
paAOBa 3a AOUHSja BpeMGna iiocra^i > Mo^KAa h cyBHme KacHo. 

Jom npG 30 roAHHa HaAa3HM0 y ^r^acHHKy cpncKor yqGHor 
ApymTBa" npeAAorG, Koje cy qHHHAH ^Y^ghom ApyniTBy" hgkh 
^AaHOBH y TOM CMHCjiy : Xd oho HacTaHG CBHMa cH^aMa, fl,i\ ce 
OA noJGAHHHX .'LyAU h3 Ao6a npBor ycTaHKa npndGpG MaTGpnja.i 
3a HOBiijy HCTOpHJy, TaKO, Aa '^7 ^JAJ sacTynjtGHH cbh KpaJGBH 
Cp6HJ6. HeiHTO JG y tom noMGAy yiiHftGHo, Kao mTo cg bhah, 

aJlH H3 THMT)qKG KpajHHG, OCGM JGAHHOr XaJAyK BGjtKa, HHIHTa 

CG TaKO pGtH APyrHM ^HqHOCTHMa, na h MHOrHM AoraljaJHMa 

H6 3Ha /l,a cy obh hpga^03h hgkjix qjiaHOBa cpncKor 

yqGHor APynrrsa 6ea\i iipHM/bBHH oHaKO, Kao ihto jg xpGda^io 
oiGKHBaTH, hg 6h 611AH HpHHytjGHH, A^^^ npHdnpajyliH OBy rpatjy, 
caAa y obo Ao6a, KaA cy trko pGfeH MaxoM cbh HamM paTHHi],H 
H3 npBor ycTaHKa iioMp^H, mhoig CTBapn ca 3G6ftOM ycBajaMO. 

PyKOBotjGHH j\,a,KAe wjimjbj, A!i HonyHHMO JBAHy npa3HHHy 
y Haiuoj HCTopnjn. mh cmo cg noTpyAH^H, a^i hshgcgmo sa ca-A 
caMO HGKa Aivra ii3 IJ,pHG Pgkg, Koja HMajy cbgsg ca iipomAonitiy 
Tora Kpaja, h to uobhjom. 

Oea x^iTd, Koja cy BGpno h KpHTnqKH npa^pana n o6pa- 
tjBHa, HGMa cyMftG, KopacTflliG Kao rpatja 3a Aonyny naniG hobhjg 
MCTopaje II 3a H3yqaBaH)G naiuGr napoAa. 



lJ,pHa PGKa — TO jG HpGAGo, KOjH HpHHaAa BOAonat)H 
TiiMpqivtij, a cyqe-taBa cg Ha 3anaAy c LynpHJcKUM h noatape- 
BaqKHM oKpyroM ; na cBBepy c KpaJHHCKHM; na jyry c KH>aiKB- 
BaqKiiM H ajiGKCHHaqKHM OKpyroM, a na hctokv c khbjkbbhhom 
ByrapcKOM, 



U 1' n A 1' i; K A IS'j 

noBpniHHa My He nsHOcii BHme oa 1439'.') D k. m., a iia 
TOM npocTOpy /Kubh ^aHiic HeniTo BHiiie ua 60*000 ^yiiia. 

U,pH;i PeKa je h A^tHJic sa^piKiuii hctii aa^iiB, Kao ii iu>,\ 
Typi^HMa ; a ko^hko HaM je nosHaio, h npeMa aAMimncTpaTHimoj 
no^e^M Cpuflje, HesHaTHO o^cTyna o^ crapHX cbojhx rpaHiiua. 

y TOAHKO je pasAHKa ca^a, niTo je mj\, TypunMa B ii a h h 
6ho neHTpa./iHO mgcto 3a THMoqKy KpaJHHy, r^e je A"^i^3UAa n 
CBa lJ,pHa PeKa. IIpeMa noaiapoBaqKOM, tiynpiiJcKOM, a.ieixcu- 
Ha^iKOM H crapoM ryprycoBa^KOM Kpajy, nocTOjajia je Meija, 
BHme H.1H Maae cKopo onyAa, r^e je h caAa. TIpeMa KpaJHHii 
naK, 6EA-d je rpaHHAa sapasaifc KonpnBHHMKH. npHqa ce, A'l je 
Ty nocTOJajia h cxp.ma lypcKa. Koja 6n Typqim nyiOBao sa 
y EpaJHHy (y Kojoj hm HHJe 6eao j\,o-iBOJbQEo cra^/iHo aiiiBeTn), 
Mopao 6w. Ty sacTaTH, a y noBpaTKy, aKO je 6m na noxKOBaHOM 
KOH.y, j\,ii OTKyje KOita, Te Aa He nonece ca co6om hh seMJty Kpa- 
JHHCKy*. ToiiHKO cy TypuH nonrroBagiH npaBa EpaJHne, A^ cy y 
TOMe nomTOBafty h npeTepHBa^in. A;ih, to je ^n^a 3eM.i,a EMHHe, 
eecTpe cyATanoBe, Koja je, no npnyafty, jeAHuM ouacHO uu^y- 
jyiiH ycHHAa, a^^ te natiH jeKa CBOJoj 6oJi,u,R y KpaJHHn, Kao 
niTo ce mcAQ, bbag, to h HcnyHHjio. Oa to Ao6a, Kpajuna je 
Ba3Aa noA TypuHMa HMa^ia Bete c.io6oAe oa APyrHX cpncKnx o6- 
^acTH, H jeABa ce pa3.iHK0Ba.ia oa KaKBe Ba3a.iHe seM.'be. 

KaKo HapoAHa TpaAHU,HJa Be.iH, cai Ha3HB „II,pHa PeKa", 
H3 CTapnjer je j\,o6a, tlogaq KocoBCKe 6HTKe, ear MoavA^^ AOUHHJe 
nocie Kona^He nponacTH cpnCKe Apa^ane, h Besan je yjeAHO ca 
itpHOM nponi.iora{iy Tora Kpaja. 

y noieTKy, npnqa ce, Taj Ha3HB npocTHpao ce caMo Ha 
ropftH AGO proTCKe peKC, h.ih oojte a^ onpeAe^inMO, 3axBaTao 
je caMo npocTop Hsiel^y ce.ia GiaTHHe a Be^e PeKe, na je ao- 



• Hhcmo cjyraajii, Aa cy Typ^H, y^aaeliH y KpaJHHy, Mopa-iH oTKHBain 

KOH>e, Kao iiiTO TBpAH T. MHjintieBnh a ca ibhm ii PaHKe, Keh h-i iipoxiin 

iipii ii3ja3y. lUH HI rpaHiiuH KpajiiHi". 

Iliicau. 



190 i;PHAPEKA 

i^HHJe npemao n Ha qniaB oKpyr Kao n na KpHBOBspcKH Thmok, 
K')JH ce npo30Be y nosHHJe BpeMe II,pHn, 3a pas^nsy oa Kaa- 
aieBa^Kor, eae tuko HasBanor AOi],Heje Be^or TnaioKa. ProTCKy 
peKY, Kao niTO je uosHaio, mhhg obg peKe : c^aTHHCKa peKa, Koja 
B3BHpe BHine ce^a Bopa; KpHBe^CKa peKa, Koja HSBiipe y I],p- 
HOM Bp'y H 6e^opeiKa peKa Koja nsBHpe Bnme ce^a jlyKe no^ 
Cto^iom. Bflffle proTCKe K^iicype, cranajy ce OBe peqHue, h o^a- 
T.ie qKHO proTCKy peKy Koja noA thm HMenoM yinqe y Thmok, 
HcnoA ce^a BpaatorpHii,a. 

Join H caAa ocia^o je, A'I MemiaHH, Kojn OA^ase, pei^HMo 
B3 KonpHBHHue, Bpaatorpni^a, ProTHHe h APyrHX ce^ia y C^a- 
THHy H i],eo Taj ropH.H Kpaj, mio ce npy^a ao Be^e PeKe, Be^e: 
,,iiAeMo y II,pHy PeKy". 3a ocTa^ie KpnjeBe OBora oKpyra — to 
ce He qyje. Hpaqa ce, a^' je HGKaAa hoa TypAHMa, a to je no 
Ka3HBaH>y napoAHOM AaBHO Mop/iJio 6hth, Taj Kpaj TaKO 6ho ony- 
CTHO, A'l y H>6My 3a ceAaM roAnna HHJe he neTao KyKypeKnyo, 
B A'l J6 c Tora h iipo3BaH I],pHa PeKa, kojh nasHB Aoi],HBJe 
npel)e, Kao dito peKocMO, b na qnTas oKpyr Kojn HHJe 6ho 6o.ie 
cpelie. H3 Tora AO^a — a^in KaA je to 6am 6eao, He 3Hajy 
Ka3aTn — ocTa^o je CB^iecTBO npaqa, y KOJHMa ce 5kbbo cABKa 
MyqennqKH 5kbbot Tora napoAa noA Typu^Ma. Kasyjy, a^ je h3 
I^pne PeKe HeKaAa MaxoM cne 6bj1o H36eM0 y omoackg b APyre 
cycBAHe luaHHHe oa 3y.ayMa TypcKor, a aKo je kojh, bgab, h 
3aocTao, HO sioraBinn hii na kojh naqHH no6etiH, oh ce je Kpno, 
Kao B ocTa^ia Apyra atHBOTiifta, n iipoBOAHO 6eAH0 atHBOT y Hjia- 
HMHH. Oa ohhx, KOJH 6h TaKO iio HyiEAH ocTa^B, 3ApaBH B OApa- 
c/iBJu, HaJBHine cy m}AmuAH 3aK.aoHa y rycTHM H^aaHBHaMa i].pHO- 
pfi^KHM, a atene, AeiUi h hohokh oa CTapaua caKpHBa^aH cy ce y 
iietiHHaMa. KaA Hiicy HJnuB Typu^ uiTa bbhig na.anTii, u^eHBTB 
B poijBTB no cejiHMa, no rAeKOJn oa h.hx, iipepymeHH y ^KencKo 
OAe^o, BpjLa^aH cy ih' luannHaMa ca KepoBBia Aa BBAe : Xd ah 
HBJe joffl KOJa aKBBa Aynia 3aocTa;ia f-KpHBGHa. A a^^ 6b .aaKrae 
Mor.iu yfiii y Tpar 3neroBHMa, npBKpnBBHHM bbhito y neJiBHaMa, 



U 1' II A 1' E K A 191 

OHH 6n My^iKn nm;iu ma netiiHe ao neLnne h iipeTBiipajyliH ce y 
ateHCKuifce, AuanBii.in uHe, iuto cy y iicLkhh, x^i ce OASrtBy. Ha 
Tiij Ha^HH, A'JCTu cy CBeia nopoOH^ii, u to MaxoM /KeHCKHH.a, 
Koje cy OABOAHiiH Aa^e h npoAaBa^H. Oho — ateHCKiiite — He 
HaAajyliH ce TypcKOM jiyKaBCTBy, Hiije mofjio a;* <"e ysApJKn, a 
Aa ce He OAaaoBe. h 3a to je rope h iipo^asHJo. 

lIpeMa. cBeMy TOJie, caM nasHB ,,I],])Ha Peua", oAroBapa 
caBpmeHO iipHjiHKaMa, y kojamh je noHHKao, n KapaKTCpume y 
jeAHO HeKaAaniftK ^khbot qHTaBor jeAHor Kpaja cpiiCKor y AoOa 
TypcKe B^aAaBune. 

CyAt'iiH no ocTaij,HMa oa CTapnHa, kojhx HMa y I],pHOJ Peun, 
caieMo saKJLy^nTH, a^ je OBaj Epaj HeKaAa oho A"^po Hace.T.eH. 
H Aa je, no cBeiy, Kao niTo Haii H3MeAa, y Bwuie nyTa upe- 
Tpneo MHore npojiene. Oh je saMnaMTHo AOCTa ropKHx A^na, a 
H:Mo;EeH pa3HHM HajesAaMa HenpajaTejicKHM, y Bnme npnjiHKa 
6m onycTomaBaH n pace-taBan. To ce bhah h no .^yACTBy, niTo 
atHBH y II,pHoj Pen,H, a y neKO^HKO n no TpaAnn^jaMa, Koje n 
Aanac ainBe y HapoAy. AP^n ce, a^ je can onaj npeACo oa 3Be- 
3AaHa, na ao ymLa TaMOKa, MaxoM Hace^en y AoCia KaA je B^a- 
Aajia nyeT(-in, n to HaJBnnie y jeAHO BpeMe h ohhm CpdaMa, kojh 
cy no CBOJ npH./iHn,H ca naTpnjapxoM I^pnojeBniieM aohi.ih h3 Ko- 
coBa, ne XTeBnm inorn npetn ca h>hm y AycTpnjy, /I,pyrn oneT, 
Kao niTo cy 3Be3AaHi^n, Be^e, a^ cy ce AOcejiHAn inoro iipe — 
na 400 roAnna. Hia oneT h TaKBux, kojh cy ce caiH h3 pa3HHX 
no6yAa aMo Aoce^iH^iH, n to h3 pasnnx Kpajena CTape Cp^nje. 
H Aanac mhoih 3Hajy, Aa hm je CTapnna y KocoBy, h Aanac. 
ce joni 30By onn KocoBn,HMa. Ohh cy nam^H Taj npeAeo nycT, u 
no mTO cy ce Typu,n dnjn net CTHma^an, ocTa.aE cy; jep hm ce 
Aonajia sem^ta 3a to, hito je 6ej\'a poAna n myMOBFra. Mhotu 
onOT 3Hajy, a^ HMajy cbojhx cpAHHKa n y BanaTy , Kojn cy 
TaMo OTnniiiH ca naTpnjapxoM I],pHojeBHtieM, a nia mx n Ta- 
KBHX, Kojn cy ce 3a Bpeiena no3HHJHX paTona AycTpnjaHan,:!. 
ca Typu,EMa y Aycipnjy m I],pHe Pene OAceAH^an. 



19 '2 U, P H A P E K A 

He te, ApJEHMo, uHTH na.'iHfflHo, ^a nsHeceMu OBAe ii no- 
HeKe TpaAHUHJe, m nponiAOCTH Tora Kpaja, Koje cy ce u a^rbg 
oiyBa^e y ainBoj ycnoMeHH y Hapo^y. One te HaM 6ap y hg- 
Ko^iHKO npHnoMofen, 4a ocBeivinMo nponiAOCT II,pHe PeKO, Ka^ 
3a TO HeMiiMo APyrHX u^hjkhx ;i,aTa. 

liofl, ce-aa BpaatorpHii,a, y Mecxy xaKo SBanoM „Oe;ininTe", 
iiocTOJH je^Ha noBeiia xyMKa, y Kojoj ce qecTO ncKoiiaBajy kocth 
.ly^CKe. HciiuA ce^a onei 30Be ce jeAHO no^e, je^Ha nnioMa 
paBaH — ..TaTapHn". Kasyjy, /],a je ly HeKa^a 6ho Be^iHKn 
puT, n x^ ce je ^ounnje ncyinHO. Ho npu^iaity, a to je mo- 
pa^o oUTM A;iBHO, je,T,aH TaTapHH, nyxyjytin na KOity, ciioTpu 
nyxsM y pnxy AGBOJKy, Koja My ce AonaAHe h no^eTii 3a h>om. 
Bemetz, Be-ie, ona HcnpeA itera, n npecKaqyfcn c Cyceaa na 
6yceH>e, HaMaMH ra neKaKO na rpoT^io, tg nponaAne sajeAHO c 
KoaeM H Ty ce y^aBH. Oa to Ao6a, npo30Be ce pni „TaTa- 
piifl", na H AaHac je no.ty ocTa^o to hcto hmg'. 

y ..Ce^nniTy" iiaK, ne A^-^eKo o^aBAe, oa npH^iHKe no Ka- 
Sfleaifcy npe 200 roAHna, nocToja^o je Be;i0KO cpncKo ce^o KOJe 
ce 3Ba;io ToAOBau,. JeAHor jiexaer A^na, npnqajy, KaA ce je 
HapoA 6ho HCKynno koa apkbg h npasHOBao, HSHenaAa oa neKyA 
yAape Taxapn na ce^o, y^nne jypnm na napoA, kojh ce 6e3- 
6pH3KHO Bece^Ho, MHore nceKy, nopo6e n onAaqKajy ce^o, na 
OAy 3a thm na Apyry CTpany. Tgk He3HaTaH ago, no Ka3HBaH,y, 
Ao()HJe npn^HKy Aa yManne, AOXBaTH ce ^.y^aBa n npei^e y 
AycTpHJy, H TaMu Haeejin AaHannte ce^o 4,''j10bo, koa IlaH- 
qeea. Ilocje itax j[,o\)j caAaniftn cTaHOBHHu,H m EocoBa, Kojn 
cy H Aanac saAP^ajin qncT, HenoKBnpen cpncKH je3HK. — 

OceM OBiix KocoBAaHa y Bpaatorpnuy, SsesAaHy, ProTMHH 
H Be^oj PeuH, (Be^iHKa cpncKa- ce^a), HMa y tom Kpajy h xa- 



' r. ]Mii.iHtieBHt», Ha cTp. 881 CBora Ae.ia s,KHe3veBHHa Cp6HJa* seAU, .\a, 
ce oiia panaH sone ^.TaxapHa". Kcjhko mh oiiex SHaMO, HoiiHuaTiiB 
je sTarapHH*, a ly.je ce y roBopy, pa^ii KpaTKote. \\\e Ka/Kv MemxaHU 
11 »0ho cum y TaxapHii". 

IlHcaii.. 



UPHAPEKA 193 

KBHX iiopo/i,Hiia, Koje cy ce j^ocemAe, uo npHqaity, h3 C^ubu- 

HHJe. IfcHXdBOM ^OCeAGH,}-, IIOCTOJH OnBT OBJIKU Tlia^IIUnjit y 

ce^y ProTHHH. 

Oa npH^iHKe, no KasHBaity, npe na'rpnjapxa IJ;pHojeBiitia, 
Aol,e y II,pfly Peity m C^aBOHHJe, (no ApyrHMa m XpBaTCKe), 
HeKaKaB „XeproT" ca Bnrae ^opoAH^a. Ho nno je, Be^e; Hajiipe 
npomao h npeweAao caB npeAeo y naoKo^o ao TiiMOKa, koju 
je 6ho TaAa MaxoM nycT, H,eMy ce AonaAne 3a miEJbeibe kah- 
cypa H3HaA ce^ia ProTHne h to iiOMaBHTo 36or myine, u oh ce 
Ty craHH. Apyrnjia naK oa hcthx AOui^aKa, Koje je oh Aoneo, 
BHme ce uneT AonaAne MecTO, rAe je Aananifte ce^o Bpa^orp- 
Ha^, H OHH dameAB laMo Aa ce HacTane, jep je ii 'raj Kpaj Kao 
H proTCKH 6ho nycT. „na HAHTe — peitao hm je XeproT — y 
OHO Bpaatje rpne, KaA eaM ce lamo BHme AonaAa, a ja ty obab 
ocTaxH". OiyAa ce noc^e npo30Be ce^o „Bpaa:o^pHa^", Koje h 
Aanac hoch hcth Ha3HB. /l,OAHHje ce AOce^H jom Bnnie nopo- 
AHi^a H3 KocoBa, Koje snajy Aa hm je laMo CTapnHa h a^ cy 
OTyAa Aoniiie. XeproT naK noc^e neKor BpeMena cnycTH ce cy.\ 
CBOJHMa HHate K^Hcype, h CTann ce ohag, tag je Aanac ce.ao 
ProTHHa, Koja oa n^era hoch cboj Ha3HB\ H caAa HMa y hctom 
ce^y Be;iHKa nopoAHu,a, hito ce 30Be „ProtiaHH", sa pa3.iHKy oa 
ApyrHX nopoAHn,a, KOJe cy nosnaie noA ApyrnM HMeHHiia. IIo- 
Cjie Protana AonuH cy „CTaHHqHiiB", h3 Ca^ama KpaJHHCKor, 
a 3a oBHMa, oa npiJiHKe npe 150 roAnna, nopoAHL,a „/l,pary- 
THHn,H", H3 cennqKor Kpaja, y Aanamftoj C'rapoj CpdnJH, sum 
AOH,HHJe npo3BaHn ho SKnBy^y, cbom npeTKy „SKHBy^0Bn,H". Ohh 



• Ha cxp. SOS CBora Aejia, r. MHjaheBHh, ii,HTHpa KasiiBane r. YrpHHo- 
BHta, iipoxe aaje^apcKor, kojh aoboah nasiiB ce^a ProxHHe y CBeay ca 
HeKaKBHM ciapHM rpHKHM rpaAOM AprocoM, HHJe ce pasBajHHe, Be;iH, ii 
Aaeac bhab BHine ceja ProTaee, Ha 6pAy KpHBOj koch. TpaA Hiije 
6ho Ha KpHBOj KOCH, Beh CHHate, AO^e, a Ha caMOJ koch, c jcAue h 
Apyre CTpane cxoje pasBaae oa cxpaatapa, KOJe cy h3 phmckof AOoa. 
HeKOJUKO cxpeAa h napiaAH oa Kona^a, iiixo je xy HCKoiiano, aiaa h 
y HameM iiysejy. Hajiase ce h phmckh hobuh. 



MACHHK LIV. 



IlHcau. 
13 



194 UPHAPEKA 

ce AaHHC HaJBDffle tuko 30By. Mei^y thm Kao n ocra^n Apyrn Cp6H 
y KpaJHHH, HH y qeaiy aiet^y co6om ne pasiiHKyjytiii ce, nosHaiH 
cy noA npeAe^cKHM niieHOM „Kocobii,h". 

HeLe 6hth 6&s HHiepeca, aKO HJiBeAejio jom h OBy ipa- 
mmij, Koja ce oqyBa.aa y ilopOAHAH hcthx /l,pa^yTHHa^a, H3 
Aoija, AoK cy atHBe^H y ceHHqKOM Kpajy, n /],a KaaieMO HemTO 
n yspoKy itHXOBor npecejbeita. 

y H,HXOBoj aa^pysH, npaqajy, 6hao je jeAaHaecropo oaie- 
aene opaLe, a sa ABaHaecror naJM^atjer HcnpomeHa AeBoJKa. 
TaAa je nocTojao odH^aj, a^' AeBOJKa noA npcieHOM MaxoM npo- 
BCAe no roAHHY h" Bnrae A^iHa, ua tck nociie AO-iasH MomaK ca 
CBaTOBHJia H BOAH je H3 Kyte. ^emo ce ciyqaj, j\,ii ce Apym mo- 
MaK 3aMeAao y Hcnpuraeny ASBoJKy ApJiryTHHua, a h -raj ce mo- 
MaK ASBoji]^ BHine AonaAHe, n.i ce 3apeKy oooje a^ te ce y3eTH. 
KaA je no odnqajy Aoniai* cBetennK Kytn >uaAOffieH,nHoj ah 
cBpniH aKT Beniiaita, (jep cy ce Kpn.iH npn Ben^aay oa TypaKa), 
yBpeljenn ^parymnau., y6nje h3 nj'mKe n M^aAy n M-iaAoaiefty. 
To 6ii y3poK, xe ce cTapemnHa nopoAHi^e /l,paryTnHana h3 6oja- 
3HH OA TypaKa, Kpene OAMax ea cbom cbojom qeitaAH h ctokom, h 
ueatelm, Be^e, HesHano KyAa npeKO n^aHHHa, cse CTpannyTHitaMa, 
Aoi)e AO noA can P'raft y ce^o MymnnuH. Ty cy /l,paryTHHun 
HeKO Bpeie nponejiH, na OAa'Me Kpeny ce MHorn ji,i\jbe, a neKH 
OA HjHX h ocrany. 3a thm Ao^y y ce^o MnpoBO, mwAehi OBAe a^^- 
ce crane ; hab. hm ce ne AonaAse aKHBeiH noA mptbhhom Piaa, 
're TaKO ocTane n obo Mecro h j\,o\)J y Ja6^animy, hcto^ho oa 
MnpoBa. HeKH oa saApyrapa ne xTeAny hLb hs MnpoBa ; jep cy 
3aB0iie^n To MecTo naJBHme sCor name. J Ja6jiaHnnjH cy ce 
naJAy^e, KaKo npiiqajy, saApjKajin. Ho MHC^eiiH, Aa te na^i 
jom AiiJbe aKO notjy na Apyroji aiecTy dojte h pOAHHJe . 3eM^e, 
Kpeny ce ncro^no, n no Kasnnafty anxoBOM, na neKOJiHKO ro- 
AHna npe EasBanijHJune oyne , crane ee CHHate ce^a Proinne 
OA upn^HKe onAe, tac je A^JHamae ceocKo rpo^Ae, Koje ce Me- 
cro no H>HMa npo30Be „,],paryibeBau'', na h A^'Hac ce TaKO 30Be. 



U P II A P E K A 195 

Hoc^e KpaTKor BpeiieHa nacTaHe ce can hh jt',i,ii' Ji Merry y Pro- 
THHH, Ty no^wrfly Kyfce, aaiiaie croKy, u no iuto cy uii.iu BpeAHfl, 
3aHMajy ce 6p3o. ILnxosa nopo/pmajeH A^Hac, Kao m y oho 
BpoMe, jeAHa ofl, nehnx h BHt}eHHJnx y mhtrboj IJ,pHoj Peiyi. 

/],paryTnHij,H cy 6h^h He caMo Aoopn seMAopaAHuuH, ho h 
saHa'MHJe Kao : Aynljepn h Kaqapii. Ohh cy y to Bpeae paAehn 
3aHaT MecTO 0A^a3H;iH y KpaJHHy n npeKo TiiMuiia y bdahh- 
cKy HaxHJy, n laMo npo6aBH^H no qaiaBo ^leio a na M^ai^HSia 
ocTaB^a^H paA y no;ty. ^ecMO ce jeAHOM, KaA cy H>nx neTopni;a 
H3 Kyte 6h^m Ha crpaHH, Aa neKaKaB TproBqHt II,HHuapHH, fl,o\)Q 
y ce.ao, rAe je npoAanao, nopeA ocTa^e APyi'e pii6e, n naynoBo 
nepje, kojhm cy ce y oho ji,o6a paAO khthjc TueMne. JKena jeA- 
Hor OA HCTHX /l,paryTHHaii,a, 3aBapa otih I],HHU,apHHy h yKpaAe 
jay jeAHO nepo. Ho no mTO je la pc6a, no Ka3HBaH,y oH^ia Ky- 
atna, to ce agch a*'^ ce ])'Ad6oAE a oamrx H3a Tora yMpe, a 3a 
K.OM n ftene qeTnpn jeTpse. KaA cy ce 6patia BpaTHvia c nyia, 
Haijy Kyty y Apno saBujeny. JeAan oa h,ux, oa ata^iocTH, h to 
HaJMjiat^H , ocTaBH Eyiiy, npet^e npeKO TnMOKa , h na jcahom 
qH$wiyKy TypcKOM saMeAa ce y Klep jeAHHHn,y neKor B^axa, 
KOJH je Ty ffiHBeo, na ce ca mm Benqa n ocTane xd atHBu y 
KytH 3ajeAHo ca cbojhm TacTOM. IIo niTO cy Tora /l,paryTHHHa 
3Baiiif KocoBu,eM, to ce no H>eMy npo30Be h ce;io „Kocobo". 
Oho je Ha agchoj o6ajiH TraioKa, y KneateBHHH ByrapcKoj, cnnaie 
ceiia TpHaBn,a. H Aanac, h aKO ce y nopoAHn,H OBor /],paryTHHua 
roBopn B^ianiKH, c^aBH ce nopoAHiina ciana cb. ./Ia3ap, a snajy 
II TO, j\,'A cy y cpoACTBY ca ohhm /],paryTHHHHMa y ProTHHn, 
MnpoBy H MyjEnHu,HMa. 

Cejio ,,3Be3AaH" ohot npH^ia ce, xd je a()6wa() Mine no rpaAy 
raM3HrpaAy n to y oho Ao6a KaA je rpaA 6ho HacejteH. C Be- 
qepa, KaA Hoti cnycTH CBOje noKpnBa^o, h KaA ce ocbot^ih rpaA, 
nsMCAa^o je no nprnaay, Kao a^ ty jacne 3Be3Ae na rpaAy 
npHKOBane. TaKo ce aP^h, Aa je ce^io, Koje je Ty (j^H3y rpaAa 
TiocTajio, ao6h^o Hie „3Be3AaH''. Me!)y thm Ba^a 3HaTH, Aa See- 
ls* 



190 U, P HA P E K A 

3AaHi],H, Kao mTo cmo Bet na je/i,HOM lecTy Easa^n, AP^e ce6e 
3a ciapHJe CTaHOBHHKe y II,pHOJ Peuir, n aKO neMajy HHKaKBHX 
Caesrvix jio/i,aTaKa- eae npeAaita. 

/l,a npel)eMO ca^a h na Apyre KpajeBe y I^pHoj Pei^H. 

y Be^KOM HsBopy, Bpa'rapHHipr, neniTO y 3arpat)H h Pp- 
jtany, atHBe Byrapn (y noc^eAiteM ce^y HSMemanH ca BiiacHMa), 
KOJH cy oqyBa^H cboj jesHE, CBoje HomaBo e cBoje odiiqaje. Ho 
OHH cy ce TaEo npn^aroAH^ii naniHM npHyLHEaia, fl,ci ey ycBO- 
JH^H K MHore ouHiaje cpncEe, na n c^aBe, a y naTpaoTHSMy 
He ycTynajy npaBHi Cp6HMa. Hoaeko je naaia nosHaio, ohu He- 
Majy HHEaEBHx TpaAHii,HJa, caMo ce aP^h, Aa cy ce AOAHnje 
AOce^HjH, i\AE E;iA — ne naMTe^, hhth yiiejy niTo npnqaTH o 
CBOJoj paHHJoj npom^ocTH. 

Cp6H KocoBybaflH y II,pHoj Peii,H, 30By one Cp6e Aa^te oa 
3Be3AaHa, na j\o KpnBor Biipa h "^ecrodpoAHi^e — Top^ai^HJia. 
H 3aHCTa HMa neKnx pas^Hsa Met)y itnia h y jesasy EcIO h y 
HOfflHBy, na y hbeojheo h y oCJnqaJHMa, a aEo 're pasjHEe nacy 
TaEo oce'me. /I,pata ce camo to o H>aMa, a^ cy ce AOce^iiH a3 
MateAOHBJe, a nesa a m Ciape Cp6aje ; saw kha je a y Koje 
AoCia TO H)BX0B0 AOce;beH)e asBprneno, neiiiajy naEaKBax TpaAa- 
i],nja. neKaia, no itaxoBOM Ea3HBaH>y, momo 6a ce y3eTa, a<i 
cy iflTa Bame a ciapoceAeoi^a. Ohb cy saApata^a a ji.nEHi', CTapo 
cpncEO HomaBo : Ao^ame, ry^eBe a r. a- 

CeBepna, a to no Betoj qecTa n.faBBHCEa, myMOBBTH Epaj 
OBor oEpyra, sa'ipeMajy B^iaca. H)ax ana a A^^e neniTO y jyro- 
acTO^HOM Epajy OBor OEpyra a Ha BMe y ce^iama : IIpjbaTH, 
cHHaie Bpnme ^yEe, Pp^any, IIlAHBapy a y caioM Saje^apy. 
Ohh ce 30By YHrypaHaMa', 3a p;i3jaKy oa ohhx Biiaxa, 
mTo aiHBe y Kpajana, Eoja ohbt cede 3oBy II,apa Haia. Mei)y 



' r. Mii-iiihenHh, ee^H, no OHOsie, niTo je oh hjuio npiuiiKe AOSHa™, ^a 
ce Tii BjacH 30By 11 OrypjaHHSia (?). Haiaa eiije noBHaio odo mie; 
HHTH CMO ra HKaA ly.iH. 

IlHcau,. 



U P H A P E K A 197 

ifcHMa uocTOJe h HeKe paa^HKe y jesnKy, Kao oho Mei^y CpoHJia, 
penHMo, y ProTHHH, h KpHBOM Bnpy. yurypaHiiMa ce 30By 3a 
TO, mTO cy ce no Tpa^HAHJn ^uce^oH iipe 120 roAima H3 Yrap- 
CKe H TO H3 EpAe^a. {jQAO HM je , npnqajy, HecHocHu TaMo 
ocTaTH 36or paTOBa h cHyine BOJcKe, Hapoqaio TypcKe, Kuja je 
npo^a3fl^a Kpo3 itHXOBy seMAy hah ce Ty oopu^a ca Maua- 
pfljia, na je^Ho c Tora, a Apyro a ofl, bc^hkhx A'lUHJa, ohh cy 
npera^H npeKo /l,yflaBa, h Hace.aH^M nycTe, luyMOBHTe KpajeBe 
OBor oKpyra, Koje cy Opdn ocTaBH^ 6eaii. Ohh cy 5&eAeA\i, 
Aa 6yAy yAa^ena oa CBaKor cao6patiaja, h m npoBOAe MaxoM 
HOMaACKH aiHBOT , na n A^nac cy TaKBH ocTa^n. ^ounnje, no 
mTO cy ce H;iMHoatH;in, m no hito je ^inqna n HMOBna (JesdeA- 
HOCT 6HAa BHme ocnrypana, ohq ce noqeme cnyniTaTH h3 n;ia- 
HHHa y paBHHi^e, h 3a KpaTKO Bpeiae non;iaBHnie AOT^e MHora 
qncTa y oho Bpeaie OMaaa cpncKa ce^a Kao : C^aTHHy y D^pnoj 
Pen^, ^yKe y KpaJHHH h APyra mecTa. 

To npeianafte Cp6a y B^axe, na^asHMO CByAa, rAe ^HBe 
B^acH y cyceACTBy ca CpdnMa, ocem KpajcBa, I'Ae cy y snaTHoj 
MaH.HHH, Kao niTo je c^yqaj y HeKHi ce^HMa y caieAepeBCKOM 
OKpyry. 11 A^nac HMa y MHorHM B^ianiKHM ce^iHMa y HjpHOJ PeAH 
TparoBa oa Cp6a e epncKHX nopoAHita, y KoJHJia je CBaKa AeceTa 
pe^ cpncK I, caMO niTo je nsrosapajy B^iamKHM aKu,eHT0M. ^yAHo- 
BaTO Aa ce H Aaflac jom c;ia6a naaKH>a noK^iafta obom HHiafty' ! 

II,apaHH, BjiacH y KpaJHHH, 30By ce c Tora, hito cy ce ao- 
ceAH^iH H3 B^amKe, Koja je 6H^a soM^a cy^TanoBa eae i^apcKa. 
Ohh cy CTapnJH Aoceji.eHHU,H y GpdnJH oa cbojhx cyHapoAHHKa 



' y noatapeBaiKoj iiaxHJH, peKa M^aBa, paaAsaja Asa ce^a: iKApejio 

(B.iaraKo) II ineTOH.e (cpncKo). CpnqHtH, hoSuhh, kojh iipeKO Mjaee 

iiacy CTOKy y n.iaHHHH sajeAHO ca BjaumhHiia, sa KpaxKo BpeMe iipiiMe 

nomHBO ByianiKHx ^ooaHa h Hayqe jesHK B.iainKH, mi nowe paAHJe ro- 

Bope BjianiKH Hero m cpncKH, jdto je oiieT o^'paTHo koa B^iaxa. A'l 

HHJe MjiaBe — Be.ie xaMoraftH Cp6H — oa Kojoj je oxeaiaH upe-ia3, jep 

peTKo HJia upoAa Ha n>oj, cbh Oh ce Cp5n 3a KpaxKO Bpejie y ohom 

Kpajy noB^affluau. 

nil can. 



98 UPHAPEKA 

y D^pHOJ PeuH. Eo h,hxobom KaaiiBaity mTAQ^a, fl,-d ey AomAn 
HeKaKo oAMax noe;ie necpetiHe dniKe na BapHH. Kasyjy, Aa cy 
HM npemii Tpue^in seAHKe nenpaBAe h hoahocmh HegyBene na- 
Meie OA CBOJnx 6oAapa, hah Kao niTO hx ohh 30By dojepsMa, 
u To^HKo HM HHcy ocxaBAa^H, Aa Mory HcxpaHimi ce6e h CBOJy 
nopoAHi^y. C Tora cy 6h;ih npHHyt)eHH, Aa ocTaee B^aniKy, CBOJy 
oiaijdHHy, H Aa ce Hace^e y MecxHMa npeKo AjsaBa, Koja cy 
6EAa, MaxoM nycxa, jep ce cpncKH atHBa^b OAax^e Beii 6m nce- 
A]iO. Ohm cy ce, Moaie ce peiiE, y jeAHO BpeMe Aoce^in^, KaA 
n OHH B^acH y bha^hckoj naxHJn. Byrapa, kojh ^sBe y cy- 
ceACXBy ca B;iacHMa npeKO TnMOKa, y bhahhckoj HaxHJH, hcxo 
Kao n Cp6H y Cpoujn, c^yaie ce BDme B^aniKHM jesHKOM, h aKo 
cy y BetiHHn. — 

EoAHKo je HaMa nosHaxo, ko^ihko cmo npoyiiaBa^H Aora- 
Ijaje, Kojii cy ce sdnja^H y Cp6HJn oa Ko^jHEe EpaJHHe na 
oeaMo, H3MeAa, Aa je IJ,pHa PeKa y Komhhom paxy h noc^e 
Tora AoneKjie 6^Aii HHAn^epeHXHa npeiaa HAeJH ocjiouotjeiLa. TeK 
OABa/KHa pyKa HeyMp^or BeAKa h join HeKOAHij,MHe APynix snax- 
HHJHX .'LyAH 113 xora Kpaja, o KojnMa tieio mh na cbom Mecxy 
roBopHXH. MOMa HX je xprayxH h3 ^exapraje, y Kojoj cy ce 
Aox^e Ha^a3MH. KoqHHa KpaJHHa, KoqnH pax, nenosHax je y 
I],pHoj PeiJ,n, a ho naMXH ce hh xpe xora, Aa cy ce Cpua KaA- 
roA y xoM Kpajy 6yHH;iH. Ohh cy npe 6uae ck^ohh , Aa ce 
Hcejie, Aa ocxaBe cBOJa orftnnixa, KaA hm AorpAH 3j1o, Koje cy 
xpne^iH oA TypaKa, Hero avi Aa ce opyataHOM pyKOM cxane na 
cynpoT nenpHJaxe.ty. T :>j H)Hxoboj nacHBHocxn , xom ^uxobom 
TpnAeH>y, Kao Aa nma h BMuie yspoKa. Kao jeAan oa saaiHHJHX 
no Haraem MHuijLeiLy y3pnKa, dHte a xaj, mxo HAeJa o yjeAH- 
aeay h oc^oooljeH^y cpncxBa, HHJe y xom Kpajy y oho Bpeaie 
xaKO H36Hiia na noBpmHHy, Kao, peii^Mo, y IHyMaAHJa, qeuiy je 
MHoro Aonpaneo ii iin^nataj 3eM.tHfflxa, kojh je no npnpoAH oa- 
BojeH OA ocxaAHX Apyrax Kpajena y Cp^HJn. Oceia xora, 3Ha 



UPHAPEKA 199 

ce, AH je IlasBaHijHJnHa B^a^a y tom Kpajy 6aAa icy,!, n KaMo 
6oAa, a CTaae Cpua uiHoro uoBo.iHHJe ho y lEyMaAujii, tag je 
npHTHcaK TypcKH ^uiiiao 6m ji,o Bpxynua TaKO a^ ce Bet BUiiie 
HHJe Morao chochth. Met^y thm, Bhauii, kmjh je oa BaJKaAa (mo 
jeAan oa naJMaBHiijnx Aeniapa lypcKe BojcKe 3a oiieitan,uje 
npeia PyMyHHJn h EpAe^y, Hiije TaKO yAa^en oa I^pne PeKe, 
H OAaiiie ^aKO je 6ii;io Typunsia yBGK yryinnni cbmkii iioKper, 
KOJH 6n ce agcho, peipaio, Meljy CpOnMa y Tumo^khj Kpujami. 
B^acH naK, Kojn ce AOAHHJe Aoce^nrae, Kao h Byrapn y tom 
Kpajy, 3Ha ce a^i cy saseK aqw) xapMOHHcajiE ca Typuniia, h 
RKo 6w ce Ma niTa xre^o h saiioqern y tom Kpajy, yBeK cy 
Typi],H A03HnBa;iH npe ho hito ce h mhcjih^o. Byrapn cy ce 
sajeAHO ca BjiacHMa aP^^jIh no3HaTe H3peKe „noKopHy MaBy 
ca6iba He ce^ie". 

KaA je nopTa, noc^e CBHiHTOscKor Mnpa, kojh je 3aKji>y- 
iien H3Met)y ae ii AycTpnje 1791 -Be roAHne, Aa 6w. piHpn.ia. 
cpncKH HapoA , sadpann^ia noBpaTaK y Op<%jy jannqapHMa h 
ApyrHM 3yjiyMiiapiiMa Typi],mia, Taj aen $epMaH hh y npBii Max 
HHJe 6eo HSBpmeH y bhahhckoj naxHJH, Kao niTO to bhahmo y 
6eorpaACKOM nama^yKy. Obh 3y.iyMliapH, oBe KpBonnje napo- 
AHe, Hai)y cedn OAMax jaKor samTHTHHKa h caBe3HHKa y c m a h 
naniH bhahhckom, k;ih Kao niTo je no3HaT noA HMenoM na3- 
BanijHJa (EasBan OMy). To je dno npaBH janHqap CBora Aooa, 
npaBH KOHcepBaTop h jeAan oa naJBaTpeHHJnx a h aaJMoliHnJHX 
npoTHBHHKa Ce^Hia III n H.eroBHM HaMHrn^eHnM peo&opMaMa. 
/l,OBecTH jaHHqape decne, Kao hito je cMepao Ce^HM, iioa CTery 
enponcKe BOJnnqKe ciiyaKoe, to je dujo ho cBe TeniKo npeAy3eiie 
H OA BO^iHKe no^HTHqKe BaaiHocTH. Oco6hto KaA ce y3My ty h 
CHOAHe HO^HTHqKe upn^Ke, y KOJHMa ce TypcKa TaAa na^a- 
3H^a, oHAa Moaiejio pa3yMeTH TemKote, c KOJHMa ce Mopao 6<t- 

pHTH CeilHM H nOCjieAHHD,H My. 

IIa3BaH]jHJa je, Kao hito snaMo, rocnoAapuo He3aBHCH<> y 
BHAHHy BHme oa ASceT roAana. IBera cy npuBHaBa.iH 3a npaBor 



200 L(PHA PEKA 

rocnoAapa y Tdmo^koj KpaJHHH ; aemy cy Mopii^H 6wm o^aHH 
H AasaTH My cbg, ihto on oh oj\, h>hx saipiiaiHo. 

Mn tiGMo OB^e, Ka^ je pe^ o IlaBBaHUHJH, Aonern na np- 
BOM lecry uHorpaMJy h pa/i, OBnr nosHaior ij,apcKor OAMeTHHKa, 
H TO y oHO^HKO caMO KO.MKO 06 y II,pHoj Peu^ aeMy 3Ha 
— 6e3 HKaKBa KOMeHxapa. 

EasBaHijHJa je 6m, bbaq, chh je^Hor jaHH^apa — Oiepa 
Are, KOJH je (mo nosHax y tom Kpajy napoqaio ca CBora 60- 
raTCTBa. Eaaiy, ^a ce o^^HKOBao y paTOBHMa, h 3a to je ao- 
6m y Harpa^y o^ cyATana jeAHO Ao6po ne ^a^ieKO oa BnAHHa. 
/l,oi],HBJe, Tpryjytu, oh ce 3HaTHo o6oraTH, n c Tora je 6ho y 
BejiBKOM noniTOBafty koa nama, a 3601 CBOje npaeaqHocTH h 
3ay3HMaH)a na cyAy KaKo sa TypKe, TaKO h 3a XpHmtane, ^j- 
BBH y onniTe h y napoAy. 

HopeooM 6ho je OMep h3 Apdaniije. SeroB chh OcMan, 
KOJH ce HCTO TaKO OA^HKOBao y paTOBHiia ca AycTpnjaHi^EMa 
Kao H OTai^My, no CBprnexKy paTa, BHAstn, mxa CMepa Cy^Tan ca 
jaHHqapHMa, uoqHe ce cjipeMaTH Aa ce OAynpe cBaKOM HOBaqeay 
H Aa ce yjeAHO oAMeTne h oa caMor cy^xana. Hajnpe ce — npn- 
^ajy — npece^H h3 BnAHHa na CBoje Ao6po, Koje je HMao y ce^y 
TaKO 3BaH0M „rpii,H", HO Aa^eKO OA ynitia TnioKa. Ty je H>eroB 
OTan, iioAHrao 6no pannje Ky^y, Kojy oh onpasH caAa h y na- 
OKOAO omanqn. HciipBa cy ly noqe^H A0-ia3HTH camo no3HaTHJH 
TypD;H, KOJH cy Kao h oh nesaAOBOJLHH 6mjih ca cy^TaHOM, a 
Hoc^e Tora, noqe^H cy My cthsiith MaxoM 6ecKy}iHHip h 3yAyM- 
tapH H3 Bocne n Apdannje, Kao h Kpija.inje, Koje Hopxa oeme 
pacnycTH^ia, no hito je yMaBH.ia MHp ca AycxpHJoM. Bpoj H>e- 
roBHX npuBpaieHUKa U3 Aana y AaH CBe ce BHHie MHOffiHO. 

/l,03HaBiun iKipra, una naMepana IIa3BaHijHJa, HapeAH naniH 
BHAHHCKOM Aa A^rHe BojcKy Ha aera, Aa My nopymH yTBpl)eH>a. 
a H,era aKO je Moryhe yxBaxn n nom^e atHBa y lI,apnrpaA. nyiu 
naK fteroBy Ma By. 



UPHA PEKA 201 

IIjIIIIII MHC^ieliH KRKO te Ha AUKUm a 6p/KH HIiqHH lIpH- 

MupaTH IlaiiBiiHijHJy a^^ ce noKopn, iiomjte iipoTHoy ftera H»e- 
roBa oi],a Ojiepa c bojckom, h oBaj y iipBU Max KaA je ciiirao, 
no30Be CHHa na iipGAajy. Ho IlaaBaHijHJa ne XTe^e ce iiOKopnTH 
caeeTy o^eeohl, h xaKo Ao\)e Haj3a/i, h fl,o cyBo6a. KaA je (crno- 
qei'a du^a Bet 6op6a, aeroB oiai^, Be;ie, roBopiio je jeAHaKO 
BoJHHi],nMa, Aa MeAtijy, A'^ iioniTeAe aiHBOT caMo ohom iicy y 
Ky^m, noKaisyjyiiH iipcTOM Ha IlasBaHijnjy, CBor CHHa, kojh je 
Meljy THM H3 Ky^e jeAnaKO nyujao. Ho iuto je BojcKa aer^jBa oi],a 
6EASi CjiadHJa, — to IlasBam^HJa c aiajio I'pyAa ycne, 're je no- 
THcne H pasdnje, h y roifcefty sajeAHo ca ocTaii,HMa pasdnjeHe 
oiHHe BojcKe, ylje y Bhahh, kojh My ce npeAa. Ty je oh HMao 
Be^HKH 6poj CBOJHX npHCTaAHua. Ha xaj naqnH, HasBaHijHJa sa- 
B^iaAa Bhauhom, a y cKopo h uejioM Thmo^kom KpaJHHoM, na 
OHAH OTHoqe 6op6y ca 6eorpaACKHM nama^yKOM, kojh je 6ho OAan 
cyjiiany, a AOUHHJe h ca hhihkhm Typi^HMa. A.ih o cneMy TOMe, 
MH iieio y Apyroj npH^HyH tobophth'. 



TaKo ce iipaia y IJ,pHoj Peua o DasBani^HJH. Met/y thm r. JupeueK, cjy- 
■Mehi\ ce IJ,nHKxaJ3eH0M, bc-ih, Aa je EaaBaHUHJa Quo iiopeK.ioM Bo- 
inH>aK. EberoR aca jKHoeoje y TysAH. IIpnHa ce, Aa je iiao jiyxaMeAanau 
iioAJeAHRKo noxoAHO II uaimjy ii upKuy; Aa ce y iioxoiie Bpeiie OAao 
Olio pasfiojeumTBy, yxaaKeH 6110 m HaOiijeH Ha KO.iaii; y npHuiTiiHii. 

OcTaBHO je nocie ce6e caMo jeAHor ciina Omepa, kojh ce y pa- 
TOBHjia ca AycipiijaHUHMa OAAiiKOBao 11 3a to aooho y narpaAy oa 
cy..TaHa ABa c'e^a 6AH3y BHAiina. 

DocTaBmii fiapjaKxapoM BiiAiiHCKor ciiiijaKa, cyBHiiie ce iioHece, u 
TO My Aonpanece jipatiiy BHAimcKor name Me.ieua, kojh ra ocyAH h^ 
cjipx II iioryoH. 

IBeroB CUB OcjiaH pol^eH no KasiiBaay 175S-Me roAHne, Aofuije iipii- 
.iHKy Te iiooei'He y ApoaHiijy, rAe je npooaBiio cbc ao paxa ca AycTpii- 
jaH^aMa 1789-Te lOAHiie. Te lOAHHe, oh cKyiiii jeAHy leTy, c kojom ce 
CByAa OA^HKOBao y 6ojeBHMa ca AycrpiijaHUHMa a no cBpiiiexKy Bojne 
Ao6iije HaTpar oa cyjTana oiec cnaxHyiyK. 

Kao jeAaH oa HesaAOBOAHHKa cy-iTaHOBHx, cTaue iipiiKyiiji>aTH oko 
ce6e oropiene janii'iape, a jeAHor Aaua yAapn c bojckom ua Bhahh u 
aaysMe ra Te ce TaKO y jcaho ocBexii h 3a CMpr cuora oua a y hcto 

BpeMe oAiieiHe ce h oa cy.ixaua K. llpeieub iicTopiii By-irapi. 

CTp. 460—478 CB. II, pycKH npeBOA- 



202 UPHAPEKA 

Kao H MycTa$a y 6eorpa;i,eKOM nama^yKy, laKO h IlasBaH- 
ijHJa y BnAHHy, Me^ao je na npBOM jieciy /i,a 3a/i,o6Hje 3a cede 
XpflintiaHe\ C Tora h3 Ao6a aeroBe B^iaAaBSHe h neia npnqa 
y Hapo/i,y, KojnMa 6h ce c^iHKa^a iteroBa BJia^a Kao nacHiiHHqKa. 
UIto 6h ro^i, OH, em kopoa Ofl, iteroBHX Jbjjifl y3HMao ofl, napoAa, 
— TO je CBB n^iatao, n aKO ee 6am ohoahko ko^hko ce xpa- 
^0^0. A Aa 6e jom BHin« 3aAo6Ho Hapo/i, 3a ce6e, oh je npHMao 
y cBojy BOJcKy 6e3 pasiiBKe CBaKor 6ho oh MyxaMe^aHan, h^h 
npaBOCjiaBHH, nasetn jeAHHO Ha cracHTOCT h jynaqKo Apa^aae 
OHor Kora npBMH y Cjiyai6y. CBaKor TaKBor noc^ie je no 3ac^y3H 
noAJe^HaKo narpatjMBao He npasetiH HHKaKBe pas^iHKe. EberoBH 
BOJHHAH, Kpi^iUHJe, 6hw1h cy Ao6po CHadABBeHH CBHMa noTpe6aMa 
a y jeAHO h qspcTO Ai^cjunn.iHHHcaHH ; c Tora cy h momh qa- 
HHTH qyAa OA jyHaiHTBa AonnpyiiH y npBH Max, KaKO Kasyjy, ao 
Bapne h BeorpaAa. 

,l,a ce He yiiymTaMo y j\,njbG nojeAHHOCTH H3 IlasBaHijHJHHor 
paioBafta, Koje cy naM BHme mh Maae iiosHaie h3 ncTopsje, 



Onje y iioiexKy rjeAao ah saAofiHJe h Kapat^opt^a, AOKJejom mhc.iho, 
4a OH caM 6e3 iipiinoMotiH Pyca ate.iii Aa ce ocjo6oah oa TypcKe. Y 
npnii Max Aaxnje cy ce HaAa.ie Aa he. hx IlasBaHijnja nojiohii. CiteAe- 
psBCKii Typmi iipMTeniibeHH mn^tajiii cy mv ii uoc^iancTBo c AapomiMa, 
xpaatehii oa aera iioMohii. Ho IlasRaiiijHJa, He caMO Aa hm anje no- 
ciao iioMoh, HO iiiTa, BHiiie oAroBopiio hm je. Aa Ke y cjiyiajy HyatAe 
iipe iioMohii Cp6e no h>hx — Aaxnje. (r. Ost. niilit. Zeitsclirift I ago 
1821 r. CT}». 24 h 2-")). Hai; ii y 1806-oj foamhh, KaA je ycianaK y Cp6HJH 
jacHo 6110 o6eAeaceii pycKii l^eHepaj MajeaAop*, UHiiie onaKaB usBeuiTaj 
lIa3BaHi;nJH: j,IIo3Banrij-Oiviy chjbho saHiiTi. b'l BoenHuxi, cbohxi 
A'l'.HCTBiiixi. iipoTHBb Cep6oH'i, ii BoAiapi. : OH'i. crapaexoi -lacKaMH npH- 
Mamaxb ki. ce6t KUflseH YKpaHHH (m. KpaiiHii), oAtBa^i HXb KaiioxaMH 
H cooojiLMMH, uiaiiKajin II nosnoAHH yfiHBaxi. BC^Karo Typsa, Koxopufi 
ou HHHH.'ii. HMi. 6e;!iiOKoriCTBie 

AonHiije PoAO'MiniiKiiH y iiiicjiy oa 16. ceiixejiop;! iicxe roAiiue jaB./i.a : 
»B'i. BiiAAiiu'l' " oKpya.Hbix'1. Mlcxax'i, iiyOjiiiKOBaHi. <i'epMaui. IIopxu, ko- 
iiMi. ooi,flB4«excji Hxo Cepohi upoineHu, no xoMy Bociipemaexcii Ai-iaxi 
na iiiix'i. HaiiaAenie; n ace AyMaK\ mxo cie He imoe ^ro, KauB ofiMaHt 
uaH CO cxopouu IIopxu H.1H cawaro IlacBaHb-Orjy, Aa on ycunnxi. Cep- 
OoBi. OyAO Moatno n xorAa yAoOnte hxi. uopaanxb. 

PasCop'b coMnniMiia II. A. IIonoBa cxp. 62- 69. 



U r> H A P E K A 203 

j\,OGrd TO Ai^ cnoMeHeMO join, a^ je oh yciieo CBaKiiA An 3tiBiiAH 
ncime (no HeicuMa 7, a no APyrHMa 9), Koje je iiop-ia na itera 
niHJba^a c tojigmom bojckom , le trko je eeinTo KopiicTeki ce 
npHiinKaMa ocrao HajsaA no6eAMaii, n iipiiBHaTo My crapenmH- 
CTBO HaA Thmo^kom KpaJHHOM, TAe je AOjiaan^a ii cBa biiahh- 
CKa HaxHJa. 

Meby ocra^HM APyrHM Cp^HMa, m lJ,pHe PeKe, kojh cy 
Cjiy^HyiH y Kpija^MJaMa EasBaHijHJUHHM, mh teuio oBAe caMo neKe 
K,ao noHaJBaaiHMJe m Tora Kpaja ciioMeHyiH, a th cy : II o n 
PaAocaB, h3 II^aHnHHii,e, Mn^ncaB 'Bop!, eBiiii, lis 
jlacoBa II Hbko H. h3 KpiiBor Bupa. To ey 6hjih naj- 
no3HaTHJH H HaJBiitjeHHJH jLyAH y II,pHoj Penii m Ao6a IlasBaH- 
ijHJHHor, Kojn cy ce ca aai dopii^H npoTHBy uapeBo BOJcKe. H)iix 
je IlasBaHijHJa, iioc^e CBpraeHe Bojne odAapno pasHHM iioK^ioHHMa 
3a jynaqKO AP'3KaH>e h oAanocT npema iteMy. IIpBOMe t. j. iioiiy 
PaAOcaBy hokaohho je nap cpedpaaKa Ky^yp^nja ; APyroJie je 
Aao nmrnany, s^aTOM nsBeseny ; a xpeteM — MBity — Ayry ny- 
niKy ca cpedpHHi KapnKaMa h oiiaHKaMa. 

II3 D^pne PeKe 6h;io je jom aoct i anx y Kpijiunjaaia Ha- 
SBamjHJaHMM. Mel)y H>HMa cnoMenyiieMo 3a caAa cauio OBe jom : 
3ApaBKa IVLipKOBHta JtKHBy^OBi^a, H3ProTHHe, HeTKa H., m3 Hh- 
KO^nqeBa, Jonqy H., ns CyjipaKOBua n /l,y^KaHa H., h3 Bopa. 
HoToaer noMiifty Kao BejiHKor jynaKa, KOJn ce je y cBinia uop- 
6aMa oA^flKOBao. 

y APyroj npn^HUH, KaA 6yAeMo npeni^n na KHe^KeBaqKH 
OKpyr, MH teio ce nonoBa AOiatiH BOJne IlasBaHi^ujnHe h y Tosie 
Kpajy, a napo^HTO ca HnniKHM TypAmia, Koju cy My Be^HKe 
jaAe 3aAaBa^n. 

Ba caA npeiiasHMO XAJbe. 

Kao niTO npuqajy, ^a3BaH^^jaje luiaoy I^paoj Peuii Be- 
^HKa AO^pa. niTO je roA 6omx BOAennAa, JHBaAa n 3a6paHa 
6mo, CBe je oh to 6ho npncBOJno. MaxoM je KynoBao oa na- 
poA:i H TO no jeBTHHy neny. Ako 6h ce kojh h Haiiiao Aa My 



204 UP 11 A PEKA 

ce ycnpoTHBH, oh je can npoi^eaHBao HMaite, h onaj, qnje je 

HMaite uhjIo, Jiopao ce saAOBOJtniii o^peijeHOM My Bpe/iHomtiy. 

ILeMy ce y sac^iyry npDnncyje, raro je y tom Kpajy pacnpo- 

crpLit A"opy pacy Koaa n 0Bai],a. OTy/i,a ce h ^aHac XBa^e se- 

jlHK0H3B0pCKH KOftH, KOJH Cy Cp^aHH H fl,J\}RTn.EE. Y C^aTHHn H 

HnKOjinqeBy, r^e je nac^a &eroBa epre^a, Moate ce jom naliH 
no KaKaB Koa noMemaHe apancKe pace. KpHBOBspcKH coj 0Bai],a 
naK no3HaT je h Ban rpanima Cp6nje. Kaaty, /i,a je na3B;iH- 
ijHJa Aodnjao oBne h3 A3HJe, Eoje cy 6EAe cBH^iopyne, na nx 
je OHAa yKpmiao ca MeraiaHCKHM , n TaKo je npoH3Hn].aa oBa 
paca, Koja ce oAiiHKyje cbojom ByHOM — 3a ca^a [ioHaj6oji)OM 
y Cp6HJH. 

HMao je BHme xn^aAa CHTHe cTOKe y npe^e^iy oa BBesAana 
AO Praa. Be^ie OBue, 6em cy OABojene h HMaje Hapoqaie io- 
dane, Kujn cy hochjh oa 6eA0T cyKsa oAe.10, na MaBH 6e^e 
my6ape, na raxa Bnme ncn n larapu^ MopaiiH cy ^nin ue.an ; 
Ha Apyroj cipaHH onei 3ace6H0 naciie cy npne uBue , a an- 
xoBH qouaHH HOCHiiH cy D,pHO oAe^io ; ncH n Marapun, kojh cy 
HHiAn y3 CTOKy, OhjIH cy laKot^e n,pHH h t. a- Hcth apaHanyian, 
epeAHO je n 3a K03e. 

IIopeA CHTHe CTOKe, na3BaHijHJa je aP^'^o Bnme xHjtaAa 
poraTe MapBe, Kuja je nacjia no APyrHM KpajeBHSia d nmA-i 
onei cBoje Ha])oqnTe lynape. 

HaA CBHMa qouaHHMa, (jho je CTapenfflna hah taja, H03HaTH 
y oho BpeMe y ue.i0M THMoqKOM Kpajy Hnna, ns ce;ia „rpn^", 
y BHAHHCKOJ Haxnjn. Oa aera HMa h Aanac noTOMaKa y hctom 
MecTy Kao mxo cmo mofjH casnaTH. 

(jAynuiAw CMO, a^ je koa HCTor Hane CjiyaiHO Kao qo6aHHH 
n XaJAYK Be.tKO*. Jcahom ra, ne^ae, noc^iao Hnna a^^ Aonece 



' IIpHMJi.iy, Aa je Ocsian 6er iiOAiopaiKH, iioc.ie iipeAaje IIoAropua, iiciipii- 
nao Kneay MjuHcaBy upuopeqKOM ii ocrajiiMa, kojh cy xy oh.ih iipii 
ocnojeiiy oBor Jiecia, Aa je Be^LKo cjyavHO najnpe Kao loSaHiiH koa 
UcMaii name, H Aa ra je lecxo Buijao, KaA roA oh OA-iasHO Ha Te<i>epHi 



H l- II A P E K A 205 

BOAy H3 peKe Tono^oBA.i. BejT.Ko OAe c kotjioii hu BOAy, ho 
AecH My ce Cjiyqaj, le Hciiycrn KOiau y bhj), iia c Tora ce no- 
6oJH H He cMBAe ce BpataTH Hihh, jep je 6m npeK qoBCK. Oa:i- 
T^e oAe y IHyMaAHJy. IIlTa je iioc^e ca HjIim 6eao — tm nan 
je no3HaTO. 

KaA je BejLKo AOH,HHJe Aoniao y HeroTHH 3a BoJBoAy, no- 
pyqH Hhhh a;i A^lje h fl,A ce BHAe. Hana ce HcnpBa ycresao, 6o- 
jetM ce A^ ce THMe ne 3aMepH Typi],HMa. Ho KaA je riania to qyo^ 
OAo6pH My n oh Ao^e ynpaBO Kytn Be^KOBoj. HsMeijy ocra^idr, 
npnqajy, ji,'d ra je nn'rao BejtKO : 3Ha ae oh KOMe HMa Aa 6;iaro- 
Aapn 3a obo hito je caAa. Hkna My na to OAroBopa „ce6H, cbom 
jyHamTBy h rocnoAapy". Be/bKo ra npeKHAe y roBopy, Aa i" 
CBe HHJe HHHiTa, H Aa oh CMaTpa, Aa je jeAHHO H.eMy — Hhhh 
— odneaaH, hito je caAa BoJBOAa. Ho hito ra je Ao6po no^a- 
CTHO H Hcnpaqao My rAe je 6ho AOT^e h mTa je paAflO, no- 
KJiOHH My Ha nOjiacKy jeAan AyraqaK mapen Koaiyx B^aniKn, 
H TaKO ce, Be^e, pacTaAonie. — 



PoAHHa 1804-Ta SHa^ajna je y HCTOpnJH cpncKor napoAa. 
Te roAHHe, EapaV>pt)e ca ocTa^anM 3HaTHHJHM ybyAHia, AHrne na- 
poA Ha TypKe y ELyMaAHJH, a y hcto BpeMe, npeKO Mn^ieHKa h 
/l,o6pH.i^a, noAHFHe h jeAan ago Opdnje na aschoj CTpaHU Mopane. 

M.e\)j THM Ha CBe CTpane y Cponjn HHKHy xaJAyMKe qeTe, 
Koje cy CiAAe atHBH npoTecT npoTHBy TypcKor nacHAa saAajylin 
BejiHKe jaAe Typu,0Ma. 



KOA name y ce^o ^Typ^iHH* — He Aa-ieKo oa BHAuna. Join oHAa bvaqao 
ce — npH^ao je, — Aa te Be^Ko hshKh cejiiKH ^opeK. IIhko ce HHJe 
Morao MepnTH ca h>hm y psaBy, CKaKaay n 6aitaH.y Kasieaa. OcMan 
nama ra je 6no c Tora jaKO saBo.ieo h ^lecxo ra AapiiBao oaKraiiuiiiJia. 
Hs MHJOCTH oShiho 3Bao 6h ra »a 6ej XaJAyK Be^Ko<; ajH Ta mhaoct 
uarauHa h cpHaHocx Be^tKOBa HsasoBe koa APyrax Typana iipHBy. re 
c Tora je iipneyt)eH 6no Aa H3at)e oa name. Ba;T.aAa je OAaTje noc.ift 
OTHmao H no cboj npH^iimii noroAHO ce koa Hune. 

riHcan. 



206 U,PHA PEKA 

Here roAHHe, je^Ha o/i,BaatHa qeia xaj^yKa oa ceAaM Apyra, 
ca CBOJHM ap;iM6ainoM HeTpuM, n3 Ma^e itpyffleBni],e, y .ienqy, 
noc.iaHa Ba^aAa oa Kapat^opi^a, Aoi>e y Ui,pHy PeKy, y HauiepH 
Aci H3a30Be ycTanaK y tom Kpajy. Ohh cy 6h^h npBH BecHHip, 
KOJH cy npoHejiH y Hpnoj Pgah paAOcny Beer, Aa je y lEyMa- 
AHJH napoA yciao na TypKe. 

IlasBtiHijHJH HcnaAe 3a pyKOM, j\ii OBy cjie^y le-ry xaj- 
AyKa caB^aAa n a^ xaKO cnpeqa ycTanaK y caMOM BayeiKy. He 
Aa^eKO OA BpinKe ^yKe, no npnqaity, oh noxBaxa CBy ccamg- 
pimy xnJAyKa h KasHH hx Bp^o cypoBo. (JBHiaa je oAceKao Hore 
H pyKe, H TaKo ocaKaiiene n HaKapatjene nycTHo hx na yMOA 
napoAy. „Hore cam BaM oAceKao sa to, mio HHcre yMe^iH no- 
(JetiH, 1} pyKe naK 3a to, ihto CTe ce npeAiun jkhbh" — peKao 
HM jo nasBaHijHJa. 

Ho mTo je OBaKo noxBaTao h Ka3HH0 xaJAyKe, Aot)e y 3aje- 
^ap H i[030Be K ce6H cBe KHe30Be h OA^nqflnje AyAe ii3 1],pHe PeKe. 
Hiijnpe HX je caaoTOBao, A'I fie ho noeoAe 3a myM;iAHJcKnM xaj- 
AyuHMa, KoJH HM Ao6pa ne MHC^e, Beti a^ ocTany Kao n AOT^e ao- 
6pa H nnc/iymHa paja. Oa aera hm neLe 6hth ptjaBO, aKo ocTany 
laKBH, Kao niTo cy sasAa (mail 3a thm je CTao npexHTH y npo- 
THBHOM c^yqajy CBHMa OHHMa, KoJH OH CG 6yHH^H, A^ tiO npoliH 
OHJiKo HCTo Kao H OBH BiTO AoljOffle H3 IIIyMaAHJe. KaA je CBp- 
mno roBop, kojh je 6ho nyH noyKe o ./loja^nocTH npeaia aemy 
H uapy, c KoJHM ce oeme y oho Bpeme noMHpno, HSBeAe npeA 
HapoA M II .1 II (• a B a 'B o p t) e b h ti a, m AacoBa, jeAHor oa aaj- 
nosHaTHJHX H Hajpa36opHTHJHX AyAH y ^HTaBOM TOM Kpajy, kojh 
je 6iin npe Tora ys aera — HasnaHijHJy — h Oopno ce npo- 
THBy uapene BojcKe — o ^m}' cmo Bet HMa^H npnyiHKe ah. roBO- 
pHMo — II cBeqaHo ra saorpny 6HH,nmeM oa MopaBe ^oxe. TaAa 
ra DocTaBH 3a cTapemnHy h KHe3a naA cbom Il,pH0M Pbkom, 
H npenopyiiH ra napoAy, Aa ra oa caAa c^iynia h Aii ^e iio- 
KupaBa cBinia na])eA<>aMa, Koje On oa ftera A0^a3Hje. Iloc^e 
Tora HaiiGAii cbojhm raBa3iiMa, to AOBBAy n jeAHor xaTa, n no- 



U P H A P E K A •207 

KjIOHH ra ca cbom onpeMuJi MnAUcaBy, y imaK cBoje hhk^iohocth 
npeia iteMy. 

HapoA ce 3a thm pasnije cBaKH cBojoj Kytiii, a IlaaBaHijHJa 
BpaTH ce H3 3ajeqapa y Bhahh. 

TaKo je nponwa 1804-Ta ro^uHa Ha MHpy y II,pHoj Peuir. 

y 3ajeqapy je 600 la^a ajan n^ii crapeinHHa upHope^KH 
HeKH BapjaM, Typ^HH, kojh je 6ho iio^paiHM MiL/iHcaBAeB h 
yjeAHO ce ^eno ca bum nasHo. Oh 6jji,q ncre roAHne npeMeraxeH 
Ha APyry crpany, a Ha BeroBo iiecTO 6yAe noc^an Apy^ — HeKH 
'Rop Co^HMan. KaA je xieo notn h3 3ajeiapa, Bapjam hosobb 
CBora no6paTiiMa, h na. paciaHKy nocaBe'ryje ra, a^i y ^yAylie 
6ed pas^iHKe hh jeAHOM Typqany ne nepyje, aKo je paA A'a ne 
H3ry6H Masy. KaA roA 6h HMao KaKBa noc.ia c TypcKoii B^amtiy, 
caBeTOBao My je, Aa mecro ce6e mHAe CBora inypaKa IlaBKa. 

Oa to Ao6a MHjHcaB je npeABni^ao, Aa ce ne fce moIiH 
Ayro OAP^aTH paBHOAymaH npewa ycxaHKy y UlyMaAflJH, h Aa 
He 6e ho CBoj npH.Mi;M Ao^eKao, Aa noMaase IlaaBaHijHJH npo- 
THBy CBoje dpate, CTane ce noiaJHO AoroBapam ca neKHM cbojhm 
npnjaTe.MMa, KaKO h na kojh naqHH Aa ce h ohh npHApyate 
Eapai)Opt)y. 

Mn^HcaB je Mopao h pannje AoanaBaTH cBeaiy niTa ce 36HBa 
y lEyMaAnjn ; jep je Kao xproBan, nyTOBao no IIIyMaAHJH, h 
HMao .MqHHX Be3a ca MHorni nosHaTHJHSi AyAHMa, a napo^HTo 
ca CHHl}e.intieM y PecaBH, c kojhm ce ^eno uasHO. 

Ho TeaiaK je 6ho aeroB HOiioaiaj hoauLh HapoA d^'-i opy- 
mja, 6e3 ije^ane, 6e3 HKaKBHX y onmTe cpeAcraaa, h mia BHOie 
^opnTH ce Ha iipBOM KopaKy ca IIa3BaHp;joM n BeroBOM Ao6po 

OnpeilHOM H AHCU^HHjlHHHCaHOM BOJCKOM. 

H3 IHyMaAHJe cy Met^y thm h3 A^^na y Aan ciHsa^iH noBOJbHH 
MacoBH HanpeAOBaay cpncKor opya;ja. OBaKBe bocth, TaEO 
petn 6p3HH0M eAeKTpHKe, npoHamane cy uo cBoj II,pHoj Peiw, h 
Ha jeAan Max oceiH ce hcko KOMemaae, HeKO Bpeae y napoAy. 



208 U,PHA PEKA. 

MHjincaB, a ca h>hm h ocia^n npBaii,H HapoAHH, no^ny ca^a 
03()HjtHHJe MHC^HTH, KaKo /i,a CG npn^pyate ycraHKy y IIIyMa- 
AHJH. JeAHor 4aHa, no npn^aity, n to 6ain o YcKpcy 1805-Te 
roAHHe, cacTciHy ce y rpAnmKOM JianacTHpy : IIou Pav],ocaB, Hbko 
H Mn^iHcaB, Kojnsia cmo Bet na je^HOM mecTy roBopM^iH, n 'ry 
nocjie Ay^sr Betaaa ^oroBope ce, o HaqnHy KaKO /i,a noAHray 
IJ,pHy PeKy. Ilpe hbxo eito 6h J^EEEAE — /i,a ne 6h napoA 
ysa^YAHo CTpaAao, — ohh peme Aa ce npeTXOAHO o tomg ciiopa- 
syjiejy n ca bojboaom PecaBij,eM, c kojhm cy ce cbh aimeo ^eslae, 
Te c Tnra o^pe^e JBAHor noysAaHor qoBBKa, asMetjy ce6e no 
HMeny EaBKa, ca jom TpojnuoM m3 AacoBa, Aa "Ae y PecaBy 
KpnnTOM npeKo n^annna, n a^ y3Ha mia mhc^ih PecaBan,. Y hcto 
Ao6a, OHH cy ipa^n^n, a^ hm PecaBan, nom^te i,ie6aHe n neKy 
noMoJi y ibyACTBy 3a npsn Max. Rocaq neKo^anKo Aana Bpain ce 
IlaBKo, H caonmTEf nopyKy PecasqeBy, Aa 6h Bpesie 6eao a^ ce 
Anrne napoA Aa 36aAH japaM lypcKH, a y hcto Ao6a odetao hm, 
Aa te HM nociaTH y noMoii neKor ylasy BapjaKTapoBHta c jeAHOM 
qeTOM JLyAH. Tom npniiHKOM, IlaBKO je Aoneo h neniTO ijedane 
ca co6oM, OA Koje je oabojho y3 nyT jeAan TOBap HBKy, H3 
KpHBor Bnpa, a ocTa^ao npeneo y AacoBo TaKO, Aa TypAH o 
TOMB HHcy HHinTa 3Ha.aH. 

Eon PaAOcaB 3a thm Kpene OBa ce^a: II.iaHHHHi;y, Illap- 
uaHOBa^, CyMpaKOBai;, 3.iot, EoAropau h Ba^aKoiie; Mn^ancaB 
— AacoBo, Bp6oBau, AenoBai;, AecKOBai;, Pp^HniTe, .lyunnny, 
Ao6po EoibB, Ao^pyJBBau h BoAeBa^: Hbko — EpHBH Bnp, 
3a6AaEEEj, Ajkoeo , H3BopqHii H MnpoBo. Ha ypeqeno speMe, 
OHH ce CBH Haijy koa ce^ia H^ifina, y eomb je jkhbbo cydama 
HBKH Behnp, a HMao jb ysa ce 32 Apyra. ycTaHH^H no30By 
Hajnpo BetiHpa Ha npOAajy; ho oh cb 3aTB0pH y Ky^iy c jtVAHMa 
CBOJHM H npBTHocTaBH qacHy CMpT cpaMHoj HpBAaJH. KaKO npH- 
qajy, CHH cy HsrHHy^an y Ky^iH, 6paH6fcH ce jynaqKH ao noc^eAH.er 
qaca. Tom npn^aHKOM ycTanni^H cy toiuaqeeae 4 caHAyKa U66aHB, 
36 KOfta, oAO^ia, HoHaua h cBaKr.jaKnr chthof opyaija. 



U P H A P E K A 209 

Ho mio cy aayse^H M^ihho, ycTaHHI^I ce Kpeny A'^.te Ha 
Saje^ap. He Aa-ieKo oa Bo.teBii.a, cyKo6e ce e TypcKoii kuh.u- 
i^OM, Koja je EomA'd npoTHB HjMX. Ty ce sasieTHe atecroK ()oj, 
KOJH je KpaiKo BpeMe 'rpajao. Typi^n 6yAy najaaA oAoujenu. 
Tom npH-iHKOM naAoje atp-raBa h c jeAHe h c Apyre crpaHe. 
HaJBHme je 6iiA0 paaemiKa Mei)y ycraHnii^ia, n ohu cy cbh 
6mh noc^aHn y n^iaHnHy BHiiie KpHBor Bnpa, ,\ii ce Taiio bii- 
Aajy. Ca itHMa je 6m HcnpakeH n Hbko, h3 KpHBor Biipa, 
KOJH je 6ho TemKo paiteH y Aecny Hory, oa Koje je pane iio- 
c^e KpaiKor Bpeiena h iipeMiiHyo. 

Metjy THM CTHrne h Aasa BapjaKiapoBHli c jeAHOM qeToM 
ityAH, Kora je nociiao PecaBaii,, Aa noMorne ycraHflKe. Oh ca 
HeKHM EocTOM, 6yii>yK6aniOM, h3 MnpoBa, ocTane y PaniHHi^y, 
a non PaAocaB ca Mn^ncaBOM y TpemfteBHu^, noA iijiaHHHOM 
TyniiatHHuoM, rAe ce yinpAe h cnpeie 3a oA^pany, aKO on 3a 
CBaKH c^iyqaj na anx nora^ia CHjia lypcKa. 

TeK fflTo cy ce ohh 'ry ymanqniiH, a;iH Aol^e hm Mac, Aa 
je H3 BHAHHa nomao na3BaHijHJa c ro^eMOM bojckom. Ho mio 
je CTHrao y 3aje^ap , oh He xieAe hLh 3a ycTaHHn,HMa, Bet 
HCKynH cBe ce^Lane h3 o6ausr^wk ce^a, Koja HHcy ycra^ia , h 
OA H)HX H3a6epe neKe xe nomjte y ;iorop, Aa CK^OHe no^yae- 
HHKe Ha npeAajy, odetaBajyKn hm, a^ te oh cne mio je 6h;i(> 
npeAaTH 3a6opaBy, e AannjeAHora ne te hh Mana 3a6o^eTn, 
jep 3Ha Aa cy ohh no Tyi/eM naroBOpy ycia^iH na napa. 

Obo seroBo nocjaHCXBo iMajio je ycnexa. HapoA, He A"- 
6HBHm one noMotn h3 IHyMaAnje, Kojoj ce y npBH Max na- 
Aao, a SHajyiiH CH^y na3BaHp[jnHy noHjianiH ce, n jeAHor jyrpa 
ocTany Boi^e 6e3 BOjcKe — jeABa c neKOiiHKO Jbjjufl. BapjaKTa- 
poBHti BHAeliH TO, BpaiH ce OA KyAa je n Aoinao. 

TaKo je Hcnao npBH noKpeT y D^pnoj Peuu 1805-Te ro- 
AHHe. — 

no mio cy ce yciaHHUH yMnpn^n, IlasBaHijHJa ce hhhho 
CBeMy HeBeniT Eao Aa nnniTa HHJe hh 6nAo, Bpa'niB ce c Bnj- 

IMACHHK LIV. ^4 



210 UPHAPEKA 

CKOM y Bhahh. ^hm je cTHrao, nosoBe BO^e ycraHMKe: nona 
PaAOcaBa h MMHcaBa Aa ce n ohh noBpaie cbojhm KyLaMa, 
oueLiBajytiH hm , ah hm hg te HHmTa qHHHTH. Eon PaAocaB 
cKJioHH ce Ha npe;],ajy, a Mn^HcaB ca CBOjom 6patiOM h iiopoAH- 
UuM H jom amorHMa ^pyraM, kojh nney momh BepoBain pe^HMa 
IlasBaHijnJHHHM o^y y PecaBy, r/i,e cy ocTa^n AJ^e Bpeaie. 

y Il,pHoj Pei],H, 6eao je y npsn max iiocAe oBor yciaHKa 
cBB MHpno M d^aro^apHO JlasBaHijHJH, iuto ce noKasao npeiaa 
ifcHMa BeiiflKO;],ymaH. JeAHflH Mn^ncaB ca jom HeKHi /tyAnaia m 
IJ,pHe PeKe, kojh ra HHcy xtbjIE ocxaBHTH, nacraBHo je h ji,SiJbG 
BOJHy c TypuHJia. 

BaBeliH ce KpaiKo Bpeme y PecaBH, Ao^nje nopyKy Mh- 
^HcaB oj\ PeoaBi],a, kojh ce Ta/i,a na^asHO y Ceay, Aa My 
oAMax iipeAcraHe. J,oniaB y Cea, aacTane xy ca PecaBi;eM : 
nexpa /l,o6pftHa. H^njy CToniHta, oMOACKor BOJBOAy, h Bap- 
jaKiapOBHtia II^HJy. Pecasan, HapeAH MnAHcaBy oa crpane 
Kapat)()pi)eBe, Aa y^Me saciaBy h Aa ce ca 80 jtyAH Bpain 
HOHOBO y II,pHy PeKy. Ha no^acKy oabojh My /l,o6pH,ai^ oa 
cBOJe BojcKe 50, a BapjaKxapoBHt ,100 jLyAH xaKO, Aa je 
ca cBoJHMa iiiTo je jom HMao ysa ce, oABeo npeKo 300 .i^yAH 
Ha EoHHKBe, H3BaA KpHBor Bnpa, tag ce no napeA^H PecaB- 
qeBoj yTBpAH. 3a KpaiKO speMe npHKynn oh h3 II,pHe PeKe 
jom 200 ybyAH, m no ynyTCTBHMa, Koja je A"6HBao oa Pe- 
caBij,a, HacTaBM j\[\.ihy paAH>y h to y npBH Max caMO na yiBp- 
i)HBaH.y o6paH6L'HHX iio^iomaja. 

H)eroB AO-iasaK Ha JIoHHKBe, HMao je y hbkojIhko pe- 
3yiiTaTa. Y IJ,pHOJ PeuH , Kao h y i^e^ioM thmo^kom Kpajy , 
Ha jeAapeA HOHHKome na nnme Mecra qeie xaJAy^Ke, Koje cy 
BL'AUKe HeiipHjiHKo MHHH^e Typi^HMa. ycTanaK je, Kao mio ce 
HO ToMe BHAH, iBK iipHBHAHo OHO yrymeH y II,pHoj PeuH, aok 
HHcy HCKpc^e 6jiAe noBojinnje npn^HKe. 

Ha noHHKBaMa je ocxao Mn^ncaB ao H^fina AHa, oqe- 
KyjytiH HapeA6y KyAa h na Kojy cTpany Aa ce Kpene. Mecxo Aa 



U V U A I' E K A 21 1 

npoAHpe XiijbQ y HanpeA, A^nje AOUHHJe na.ior oa Pecasua, 
Aa ociaBH HeniTo ^byAH y luaHuy, a oh ca ocraAHMa a^ <-'Hbe 
y nojte MBUHKOBaqKO. Tom iipm^hkom jaBuo My je h to, KaKo 
je Myo, Aa je h3 Hflma noniao c ro^eMOM bojckom Xa<i>Hc naina, 
Te c Tora je, Be^n, iioTpedno, a^' ce Haljy cbh Ha oKyiiy. Mh- 
AHcaB ocraBM Mecro ce6e y fflaHu,y neKor Kocry, (JyAyroamy, 
a OH oAe H npHApyatH ce PecaBieBoj bojci^h. 

npMa ce, Aa je XaoHC nama no ihto je crnrao y IIai)a- 
tHH, noc^iao OAa'Me najnpe neKor (Ja^H Ary, 6aH)CKor ajana, 
Aa cooHH HapoA h BOJBOAe na npeAajy. BoJBOAe He xieAome 
ca H.HM BOAHTH HHKaKBHX nperoBopa, Bet ra ynyrHuie caMOM 
Kapal)0pt)y, kojh ce na^asno npeKO Mopane hoa TH^eM. Ca^m 
Ara, HHJe npncTao Aa npe^asn MopaBy, ho tmniiTa bojboab, 
A,a AH 6h ohh npHciajiH, Aa ()ap nponycie iiapcuy BOJCKy 3a 
BeorpaA. TaAa My PeeaBaA OAroBopn, Aa ne Mome hh to ohth, 
jep je HapoA y PecaBH TaKo ocHpoMamao, Aa neMa hh ce6e 
HCxpaHHTH , a KaMO AE AOiBKaiM TOAHKy uapeBy BojcKy. 
Bo^e je, Be^H, CBaKojaKO, Aa HAei'e npeKo JaroAHne y Beo- 
rpaA- GaiiH ara, OHAa peqe .tyrHTo Ha no^acKy, Aa te 3ao 
6hth 3a HapoA h Aa ra cyrpa Aan pano MeKajy. PecaBau onex 
OHaKO y inaTiH oAroBopn My : na 3anoBeAaj Ha paKHJy, aKo oor 
Aa, qacrntiy sac CBe ^eno. 

JXajbQ HOJeAHHOCTH llBaHKOBaqKe 6HTKe hhcmo paAH oBAe 
H3H0CHTH, jep ce TO He 6h cAara^u ca nporpaiOM naraer ij^aHKa. 
Mh cmo TeK HeniTO MHMorpeA peE.M (• toj 6hthh, y koahko 
je ly y neKOJiHKO 6HAa sacTynibeHa n LI,pHa PeKa hoa Mh- 
AHcaBOM H no3HaTHM nonoM PaAOcaBuM. 

Kapat)Opi)e, nociie cBpffleHe 6nTKe, BpaTH oneT Mhah- 
casa Ha cBOJe npeVimae MecTO. 

Oko Ma^or BoiKntia, CTHrne napeA^a MH.inraBy Aa ce npu- 
ApyffiH pecaBqeBoj bojcuh, Koja te iipeAyseTH nanaA na Rapa- 
tiHH, PaataH. h A^eKCHHai^. ' 

14* 



212 UPIIAPEKA 

KapaVjptie je 6ho noc^iao mgcto cede M^a^eHa, ^a c 
BOJBOAOM iieBaqKHM JaKOBJLeBHlieM H ociaiiHMa nacryna y je^Ho 
Bpejie Ka Kpymeeuy ; iiHij,eM Ha cb. JoBana, Hape^H hm, A'I 
Hana,a,Hy KpyraeBaii, h a^ noKymajy ocbojhth ra. ^ 

O^Max y noiexKy jom IlapatiHH ce npeAaAe 6e3 6oja. 
Ty je BjiaAao nosHaiH y tom Kpajy ajan i\.^H6apqa, kojh ce 
He xieAe Tylin, Bet KanHTy^inpa noA yc^oBOM, ji,ii ce H.eMy h 
ocTa^LHM Typi^HMa A03B0iiH othLh y Ham. Mel^y tbm pa- 
ataftCKH ajan Kpnqa, ne xxeAe ce npeAara CBe ao noc^eA- 
H,er qaca. KaA je Bet BHAeo, a^ ce ne Moaie Bnme dpaHHTH, 
OH jeAHor A^'^sa OTBopn Kannjy na niaHi],y, na ca neKo^HKo 
EoaaHHKa cpetno noderne, a ocia^H Typi^H h anxoBe no- 
poAHite ocraHy 3apo6;i.eHH. IIpHnoBeAajy, m> cy naniH AyAH 
(mah to^hko oropqeHH TaAa, no hito cy Hsrydn^H Be^HKn 6poj 
MpiBHX npH jypnmy, Af" HHcy inTeAe^H hh jeAHor TypquHa, kojh 
HM je nao maKa. Tom npniiHKOM, ohh cy saAo^HAH h cH^Hy 
HibaqKy. IIlTa Bsme, nocKHAa^H cy h OAe^o c 6yASi, na mx 
CKopo petfl Hare ro^ie onpaen^n y BaH>y 'BypTH ajany daacKOM. 

y PaatH.y laAa ociany y nocaAH caiio neKOiiHKO anx 
ca TD')pt)eM cKopnqKM, a ocra^a BojcKa Kpene ce fl,?iJbQ h 
AO^e HOA A^eKCHHai^. Ty je 6ho HeKH Apqnn, ajan, poAOM 
H3 KapanoBua. ^odpaai^ nociia najnpe CTOJana IJoAy, A^i Typ- 
qHHa no30Be na npeAajy. Meljy thm Apipn yieAe cbojhm iiy- 
KaBCTOM TO^HKO Ail saBapaBa /J,o6pH>u,a, aok My y TOMe H3 HHUia 
He CTH^e iioMoti, Te ce oh KpnraoM ca ocia^iHM Typn,HMa h3- 
Byqe, nanycTHBHiH 6e3 6oja A^eKcnnau,. 

IIo niTo je Hama BojcKa 3ay3eAa OBe ipn Baponinu,e, h 
(iqHCTHjia caB Kpaj oa TypaKa, Ha APyroj crpaHH upeAJiAe 



Ocexi Pccanua, 6no.je h Ji,QC)])}ha]i. c roJckom, CtodihK ii BapjaKiapoHBli. 

Ca M^aA^Huji, oceM nojuoAe JaKOiu>eniifca, Guam cy: JeBia, khgs o- 

(jpeuiKH, MHJoje, KHes h3 UpHie h aP- A hmujh cy HapeA6y, j\8l Ao^eKajy 

II r.iauaina ca ByjoM hs CjieAepencKe HaxHJe, iipe Hero iuto ce Kpeiiy 

y Ana pasaa npanna. 

Iliicaii.. 



U P H A P E i; A 213 

ce H KpymeBcm, a nocjie HeKor BpeieHa HanycTHine casin Typuii 
Bany H 04ce.inrae ce y Hnra. /l,a He npuqaiio Ai'-i-e Aora- 
\)'dje, KoJM Hemajy Bese ca huiiiom CTBapjy, mh iioMHH>eMu caMu 
TO^HKO jom, Aa je MnjHcaB, n3 lJ,pHe PeKe, ao6ho nocjie na^a 
AAeKCHHua HapeA^y, a* ca PecaBi^eM 6paHH HacTyiiaH.e TypcKe 
BojcKe OA BiiAMHa. Y BaitH, na npeA^ior Mn^iHcaBjieB, kojh je 
no3HaBao CBe OA^agHnje JtyAe y tom Kpajy, uyav iKicraBJLeHH 3a 
(•TapeuiHHe napoAne : Mm^ojko, h3 B;ieHAHJe, iiusHUTn xaJAyK y 
TOM Kpajy H HBan, h3 My3KHHai],a, Kao TproBaii, h yBaatena 
^iHqHocT. Ohm ey ao6h^h saAaxaK, Aa Kpciape na CBe cxpaHB, 
KaKO He 6h oa KyAa Typu,H yna^iH h3 HenaAa, Kao uito je 
6nBajo npiUHKa AoiJ,HHJe. 

Ta 3MMa joiu npoin^a je na Mupy y iI,pHOJ PeiJ,H. Mu- 
iiHcaB ce 6mo yrBpAHo na PopEboj noAaHHii,H, BHme KpHBor 
Bnpa, TAe My je Aoniao c npoAeta y noMoL h PecaBaii c Boj- 
CKOM. ;1,0K cy ohh Ty ceAe^H, ho paAeKa cKopo HHinia, na 
jeAan Max cmaEe oac oa lleipa /l,o6pMa, kojh je 6ho ko- 
MaHAaHT Ha ahhhjh 'JlyiipHJa — A^eKCHHau,, Aa i^e na bux 
yAapHTH CKaAapcKH Besnp HdpaxiM, ho Aa ce nai^y npnopaHH 
H cnpeMHH Aa Ao^eKajy TypKO. Ile'rap je xaAa ciaHOBao y 
ManacTHpy cb. PoMana, a ca h.hm je 6ho h MnjieHKo OtojkobhIi, 
BOJBOAa, ca cbojom BojcKfjM. Mn^flcaB ce Kpene ca PecaBAeM 
nyi /l,e^HrpaAa, a mecro ce6e ocraBH y maHuy neKor Panqy, 
6yAyr6aray. Tom npn^HKOM 6yAe OApei)eH Mn^ncaB ca cbojum 
AyAHMa, Aa 6paHH npo^a3 TpKaay, na nyry ^e^mrpaA-Baaa, 
Aa He 6h hm Typ^H c Jiet^a oa BnAHHa h ^yp^ycoB^a 3ani^u. 

flo H6paxHM nama OBora nyra ne yAapn, le xaKO ce 
BOJBOAe pacxype onex na cBoja npel)amH>a Mecxa. Iloc^e Kpax- 
Kor BpeMeHa, AO^wje H3Bemxaj Pecanai^, kojh ce xaAa Ha- 
^a3H0 Ha HoAaHHUH, Aa ce Kpenyo h3 BnAHHa KasBanunja 
ca BejHKOM CH^OM H Aa ce ynyxHO ynpano k Baan. IIa3BaH- 
UHJa, Kao mxo Hpnqajy, ne xxeAe MyqKH yAapaxu, BeK noc^a 
Hajnpe jeAHor qoneKa, Aa H3BecTH PecaBua o H,eroBOM npoAH- 



214 UPHAPEKA 

pafty, n ^a My jaBn ncTO trko, a^ ^te ce yiioropHTH npesia 
BaftH, KOA l^HBijnoapa. Oh je 6ho onHJen c^iaBOM, h to^hko ce 
ysAao y cBOJy K()H,fli],y, Kojy je boaho, a^ nnje Ha>aa3Ho sa 
BpeAHO Ad Byqe ca eo6oM TonoBe npoTHB paje , jep ce 
H3BecH0 HRAao no6eAH. PecaBaii,, AO^nBran nopyKy IlasBaHijH- 
JHHy, ii3BecTH TOMG y3,o6pH)i],a H MnjiGHKa, Te xaKo, no mxo cy 
ce npeixoAHo ciiopasyMe^n, oh ca Mn^HcaBOM yAapn c jeAHe, 
a 4,o^PH>aA H MHAeHKo c IlayAeM, h3 IIoatapeBaqKe naxaje 
c Apyre crpane , h ao Hore noTyKy na3BaHi;iHJy Ha ]^hbijh- 
6apy, Aa ce jeABa ca ociaTKOM CBOje bojckg Morao BpaiHTH y 
Bhahh. 

Hnje MHoro npem^io, a qy^o ce, Aa je IIa3BaHijHJa npeMnnyo 
y BnAHHy. Kaaiy, Aa je y noBpaiKy j],o6m} npninT na ^jm, 
KoJH My je H cMpT npoyspoKOBao.' H)era saciynn Myiia nama, 
H.eroB nncap, Kora Cy^iaH npH3HaAe sa nesHpa BHAHHCKor Kao 
H na3BaHijHJy. 

He te 6hth dee HHiepeca, Aa noMeneMO OBAe no npn^aity 
cyBpeBieHHKa n snaTHHJe ^nqnocTH oa TypaKa y na3BaHijHJHHoj 
Bojci^H, KoJH cy yqecTBOBa^H y 6ojy na IJnBijHdapy, a th cy : 
nopeq A^HJa, Pyraen, ajan nnpoicKH, JycyOx\ra, 3;lHK0Ba^ 6ep- 
KOBaqKH, "Bemj-Ara, n3 AoBqe n "Rop Co^inMan ^pHopeqKH. 
Ohh cy CBera 3000 ^yAH HMa^n y obom noxoAy. 

y fjojy Ha IJ[HBijn6apy, Cpun cy 3aAo6H^H BeiiHKH n^en : 
Aocra dapyra, opyatja, KOfta, OAe^a na n H0Bau,a. A mxo je 
jom OA Beter anaqaja 6iiA0, Ayx y B0Jcn.H jaKO ce 6eme no- 
AHrao OA xo Ao6a. 

Iloc^e 6oja na IJnBijHoapy, Kpene ce h3 Hnma H^paxHM 
nama c roJieMOM chjiom. Mn^neaB ce HaAa3no xaAa na TpKaH>H 
ca saAaxKOM, Aa 6paHH K^Hcypy n npo^as Typu,HMa c xe cxpa- 



' Mei;y tum, jih cmo cjyraajH h to, a^ ce oxpouao, jep je npeauiiljao, 
Aa ce He Moae oa Pyca 0A6paHHTH. IBeroBy ateay, yseo je Myjia uania, 
KOJH ce y CBCMy yrjeAao ea CBor iipexxoAHiiKa, n aKO hhjc oho Hcxa 
iie.iii'iiiHa. Hiicau. 



UPHAPEKA 21& 

He. /l,'i^PH>au H PeciiBim ocxa^a cy y /l,eyiurii;iAy ah noAUJKy 
yiBpi^eifca h a^ ce cnpeiajy 3a oTnop. Moghko ca HemTu 
0Aa6paHHJe BojcKe, nsntje y cycpeT TypitHMa npesia Haiuy, a 
HGKe fteroBe ^ete Aonpy, KaKo iipirqjijy, ao 6jiH3y Bejie llaAaH- 
Ke. Hy OH ce TaMo HHJe Morao na toj crpaHH OApjRaTH ; jep cy 
Typi^H oH^iH HaAMotiHHJH H 3a TO HaM(ti>aH BpaTii ce y /],e- 
jiarpaA. 

CpncKa BojcKa, ciaja^aa je y npsH MaxBp^oKpHTHqHO. Typ- 
itH ceKopHCTHHie npH.iHKOM, '16 sayseuie Baay, tao ce yrBpAnrae 
H oiyAa no^eme rpo3HTH nauaAOM. XaJAy^Ke ^eie Cp6a qaK 
AO PpaMaAe h n;iHAHp;i.ia MHOJKHuie ce h3 A^na y Aan ii 
cysdHJaxy TypKe, 6amnuo3yKe, kojh cy no^asoa oa Huiiia, fl,n. 
HibaqKajy ee;ia y tom Kpajy. 

y cpeA HaJBeter oiajaaa, Koje je Hacryniijio 6aA> y 
cpncKoj BOJcu,H, crnate Mac, Aa Kupal^opl^e c bojckom AOAasn. 
Ta BecT jaKo oAynieBn BojcKy. JeAHO to, mxo cy Mopa^iH ir 
Typip A03HaTH, a Apyro raxo ce agch, Te hm rpoM 3an;uH 
6apyTaHy, Typi],H h ne AO'ieKame Kapat)opt}a, Beh ce BpaTHrae 
OA KyAa cy aodi^ih. 

Oko nooaAa dosRHtiHHX, ji,o\)e napeA^a MnjncaBy, a^ 
ocTaBH MecTO cede sacTyiiHHKa y manuy, a oh ca nomyi Pa- 
AOcaBOM, Aa OAe PecaBi],y, c KHiae iie na no30B Kapat^opbeB 
othIih y Tono^y. Mn^HcaB ocTaBU KocTy dyjbyrdaray, m 
H^HHa, H ToMy, APyror 6yAyr6amy h3 MnpoBa, Aa iy- 
Bajy manai],. Knpai}Opt}e je TaAa c^aBHO , h no3BJto cBe 
BoJBOAe H 3HaTHHJe ibyAe h3 ii,eAe seMiLe na c.iaBy a yjeAHo 
H Ha AoroBop o paTy, kojh ce HMa nacTaBHTH c Typuuiia. 
H Ilociie Cjiaee on yrjiaB.LeHO m\)j BOJBOAama, Aa HanaAHy 
a Beo rpaA, h tom hphjIhkom HaqnHnme a pacnopeA, Kano Ke 
H3BpmHTH OBaj HanaA- TaAa je, npHqajy, Kapatjopt^e odeLao, Aa 
te ca3HAaTH upKBy, aKO My ncnaAHe 3a pyKuM Aa ocBojn BeorpaA- 
MfliiHcaB, KoJH je yqeciBOBao npa ocBajaay BeorpaAa 
sajeAHo ca nonoM PaAOcaBOM, 6yAe 0Apet)eH, Aa npaxc Cy- 



216 UPHAPEKA 

jieJMaH namy h aeroBe KpijaiiHJe Typse, KojnMa je 6hjo 
AonymxeHo, j\,^ Mory Kpo3 Cpdnjy npotiH h othLh y Hhei. 
HeKaKO KOA IlaniEHe ^ecMe, 6ae^j Beorpa/i,a, sasaAe ce 
HaniH BoJHuij;! c Typi],HMa , a TaEO j\,o])e ao 6oja , kojom 
npMUKOM BeLH ago Typana n^ain MaBOM, a mei^y ibHiia 
H Cy^eJMaH Eama. Hgkh oa Kpija^inja npodnjy ce h cxHrny 
cpetiHO AO BarpAana, tag ce saiBope y jeAHy Kyty, h ly 
CBH H3rHHy. Tom npn^iHKOM, Cp6H, kojh cy toeeae TypKe, 
d-dEAQEe Aocia cTBapH , n noK^one Mn^ncaBy jeAHe cHXHe 
cpe6pHe TOKe, Ha KoJHMa cy BHCH^ie KniiaHKe ca jeAHOM amaj- 
;iiijoM, Kojy je oh hocho c TOKaMa cne ao nponacra 1813-Te 
roAHHe. 

^HM je nao BeorpaA, jeAHor A^na, npnjaBH ce Kapa- 
\}Oi^\)j MHJiHcaB ca nonoM PaAOcaeoM e saipa^e, a^ mm a^AG 
iioMoL y AyAHMa h i^edaHii, xe a^^ OAy y Apny PeKy, ceoj 
3aBHqaj E A'T noAHrHy napoA Ha TypKe. Knpal)opi)e npn- 
XBaxn OBy MHcao, A'IA^ 6apjaK Mn^HcaBy h qexapn xoBapa ije- 
6aHe, H HapeAH My, a^ ce npnjaBH ys nyx PecaBiiy n Ba- 
pjaKxapoBHty, BOJBOAaMa, kojh te hm oabojhxh nenixo BojcKe h 
hoxhomoLh hx y npeAysetiy. Kamy, Aa ce xaAa hoh PaAO- 
caB Ha noyiacKy 3aM0^H0 Kapatjopijy, a^- nonijte c ftHMa h cne 
one „ByrapT]Htie", Koje je oh, Kapaljopi^e, HMao y CBOjoj Boj- 
cip. TaKO MX je Eapaijoije nposnao mxo cy 3aH0CHjiH 6y- 
rapcKH y roBOpy. ,,KojeKyAe, noiio — petn te Kapatjoptje, 
xo ke Ao6po uHXB, na oKpenyB ce cBojoj cbhxh BHKHy: KaMo 
"Enpe, Mnne, IlexKa, nana30Miija n Ilexpa I^OAe ; — h oh 
je n,pH0peijaHHH." P^aBam, kojh ce xy ascho , npeA^ioatH 
Kapaljopl^y , A''' ce npHApy^H obhm .tyAHMa h Be^bKO , 
H>eroB 6yjLyr6ania, kojh je xaKol)e h.hxob 3eMAaK. Eon PaAO- 
caB npnxBaxH xo OAMax h peqe Kapal)Opl)y : jecx, PocnoAapy, 
OH je Ham seMAaK n iio6paxiiM Moj h MiwncaBJteB. ByAe ho- 
CAaxo Ho BejtKa, n hh OAMax Aoi)e h 6or 3Ha KaKo npHMH ce 
Aa HAe. 



UPHAPEKA 217 

y MaHacTHpy PaBaHui^M (5yAe oApeljeno mgcto, tab Ke 
ce HCKynHTH leia, Koja te ji,'d ynaAHe y II,pHy Peny. Ty je 
cTHMa n noMot oa PecaBii,a h BapjaKTapOBnLa. Oaa-iaq coe 
npeKo n^aHHHe BpesoBHue n craaaMa n^aHHHCimM, o M^aAeH- 
i^HMa, upncneme ohh jeAHe HotH y IIoAropau, u cyrpa a^h 
pano yAapurae Ha OcMandera, kojh je HMao Ky;iy orpal)eHy 
y HaoKOAO BHCOKHM ua^HcaAOM. Ca itnM je 6hj1o joni 38 Ty- 
paKa ; ohh ce saTBopHrae, h oTHoqerae oAwax nyuaiH. Bopda 
je Tpaja^a qniaB a^h h Typi],HMa ce He moraine Hiiiirra y 
npBH Max yqHHHTH. EaA 6h npeA Be^e, Mn^HcaB h Bcako 
HapeAHHie, a^ ce na^HcaA ceKnpaMa ceqe, h Taito npoApeme fl,(> 
KjAQ. TaAa BHAe OcMan 6er, Aa ce ne te MoiiH oApJKaTH, n 
noHyAH npeAajy. Tom hphahkom, j\,or cy ce boah^h iipero- 
Bopn npeAaJH, OcMan 6er ynnia te, nsMetjy ocTaAor, Mh^h- 
caBa H nona PaAocana : je ^h shx nocjiao y I],pHy PeKy 
Kapal)opt)e, Hiin cy naK caMH aohi^h. KaA My ohh oAroBopHme, 
Aa cy no fteroBOJ HapeACin npem^n y II,pHy PeKy, oHAa oh 
sauHTa caMo to, A'^ -^^ je KoroA ca BiiMa xy h oa fteroBHX 
jByAH T. j. CTapeniHHa. Eon PaAocaB noKasa npcTOM na BejbKa, 
Kapat)Opl)eBor dy^yroamy. OcMan 6er, Kao a cbh ocxa^iH APyra 
Typi^H, c THM ce saAuBO^nme. Bh hm AonyraieHO, A'^ ce Mory 
Hce^HTH, H A^^ M ce y opyatje ne A^pa. IlanasoMHJa h (Jtb- 
BaH, Mn^HcaBJteB 6paT, ca 50 — 60 Ay ah, ^eaw cy oApetjenn, Aa 
cnpoBeAy TypKe ao ceja GyMpaKOBn,a, oAaK^ie cy momh 0TntM 
caMH AO 3ajeqapa 6e3 HKaKBe onacHOcrn, 

EaA je xieo notn Ocian 6er, Ha pacraHEty i^aiioBeAH 
CBOM cejnsy, le HBBBAe m mia^e xpn xaia, oa kojhx jeAHor 
Bpanor, apancKor, hooohh Mn^iHcaBy, APyror, Kyjiama (Kyra^ty), 
XaJAyK BeitEy,* a jeAHor onei noo( hh imny PiiAi>caBy. 



HpHnoneAajy, Aa je Ooian Oer. iioKJaihfijyhii KOH.a Be-LKy, peKao 
jiy : a uej XaJAVK Be.iKo, (oiiaivo, nao dito upiiiajy, Aa ra je h OcuaH 
nama H3 miuocth 3Bao) aAaA ah tu je obo xaTse, mro th ra AajeM; 
OHO je 3a laKBor jyaaKa. nao mro en th, h OHAa ce oiipocTiio ca h>iim. Ho- 



218 UIMIAPEKA 

Obom npHAHKOM ycTaHHi];H sa^odnme ^ocia opyaija, ije- 
6aHe, OAPjia, 36 KOita na ii HOBai^a mio ce Ham^o, oji, ko- 
jnx XaJAjK Bej.KO noAeyiH HeniTO BOJHnii,HMa, a ociaiio APyro 
onpaBH HapoAHOJ 6;iaraJHHi];ii. 

H3 CympaKOBua, OcMan 6er nonijte cboj typaK Ha no- 
ooH MfliiHcnBy, a h3 3ajeqapa onex Koaa, na komb je 
Aojaxao saxBa^HB yjeAHO h na n^eieHHTOM nocrynaiLy ca 
H>HM. OHUMa iiaK, KOJH cy ra AonpaTH^n ao CyipaKOBua , la- 
KoijG noKAOHH no neniTO, h to CxeBaHy ooe Ma^e nyniKe m3 
nojaca, niTO je hocho y casioM cpe6py, a IlanaaoMHJH jeAHor 
OMajieeor Bpaflij,a. 

Ilpfl jypHHiy Ha noAropaqKy Kyiiy, ycxaHHii^ cy H3ry- 
6eae 12 AyAM, a OA TypaKa naiio je caMo H)HX ipojai^a. 

HeKo^iHKo AaHa npom^o je na Mnpy y l],pHoj Veaja. Y- 
ciaHHi^H cy ce orpannqaBa^H 6h^h jeAHHO na to, A'^ npHAPy^e 
ce^H mTo BHine ce^ia. Ilexap "BoptjeBHt-lJoAa, ca neKHM "Bop- 
l}eM, 6y.^yr6amoM, h3 IIoAropi^a, noc^ax je 6ho c jgahom ^e- 
TOM jLyAH y niiaHHHy. Bbako je onex ca Mn^ncaBOM oxinnao 
Ha APyry cxpaHy npesia Saje^apy. Aorop naK ycxannqKH cme- 
fflxeH je 6m hoa OjiaHHHOM TynHaaHHU,0M y Tp6niH>eBHi],H. OAaxje 
cy nojeAHHe OMaH.e ^lexe ycxaHHKa nymxajie ce a y Typryco- 
BaqKy h BiiAHHCKy Haxiijy/ h na CBe cxpane 6yHH^e napoA 
Aa ycxane na TypKe. 

Mei)y xhm PecaBau, npeKo Kocxe oyjtyrdanie , h3 maHi^a 
noAaHHiKor, nopyqn Be-i>Ky h Ma^ncaBy, a<' ce npHMHiy mxo 



CAe Coja na BpfioBuy, Be^KO ce h can cxaae 3BaTn ,,XaJAyK Be;bKO," 
KOJH iipHAei! ocxaAe My AcUHMJe ctnAavi. 

liao iiiTO ce luiAii ii:i luicsia pycKor iiociaiiiiKa PoAoo-uHiiKHiia Knesy 
DpouopoiicKOM, OA 25 aurycia 1808 roAHue, opoj upeoerjiix liyrapa y 
Cpuiijy h:iiiocho je y noierKy ao 'tOOO Ayuia, oa kojhx ,,ao hOO ciio- 
coOiiii iiociiTi. opyaiHie h aci'^aidTi uint yiiorpeoAeHii" .... Kao mro 
ne^H y tom iiiiCMy Poao*hiihkhii. 

Pa3i5opi, coqiiiieuia H. A. IIoiiOBa »Pocciii ii Cep6i>i.* 
OA Boi'iimiiha crp. 155. 



U P H A P E K A 219 

6Aiime 3ajeMapy, jaBHBran hm yjeAHO, ji,a te h oh caM iiocjie 
KpaTKor BpeMena c bojckom aoIih y U^pny Peity, a^ hotgo- 
Morne yciaHaK. 

4,0K cy ce ycTftHHun 3a obo Bpeiie cnpeMajn 3a Aa-*>« 
paTOBaite, CTaBHBinH ce y oopan^eHO CTaite, Typi^a noA npeA- 
BotjeaeM 'Rop-Co^niaaHa, ajana 3ajeqapcKor, craHy ce onex 
npHKynybaTH y ceiiy Bojhhii,h, y bhahhckoj Haxiijn, n nocjie 
HeKor BpeiieHa, Kpeny ce y Macn hckojIhko XHAaAa HjHX iiyr 
ce^a BpC!oBi],a. 

BeAKO ca ocivuhm noMaBHuaMa Haj.a3Ho ce TaAa y A;i- 
coBy, KaA My CTHase Ha jeAan max MacHHK H3 Co^HMaHOBe 
BOJCKe M jaBH My, KaKo My je nopyqHO Co^HMaH, a;i ra cy- 
xpa A^H qeKa y ylacoBy a a^ My cnpeia pyqaK. TaAa je no 
npaqaity cKynno 6ho Be^LKo oko ce6e CBe oasape, u nHiao 
Hx peAOM, mia a^ P'^Ae h KaKO A^^e fl,ii ce 6paHe. 

JeAHH cy 6h^h MnniAeifca, a^ ce noeyKy y /LacoBaqKV 
nwiaHHHy h a^ tj AO^enajy TypKe. Apyrs cy onex mhc^h^ih, 
Aa te CiaxH 6ojLe a-a 3ay3My 6ycHJy npeA AeHOBEieM n Aa 
ce co^HJy c TypuHMa. Be/bKo, noc^e Ayater hyxaifca, H3pa3H 
ce npoxHBy oftaAsa MHrajteaa. „Ako ce noByqeMO — se^H — 
y .lacoBaqKy n^annHy, Typun Hac Mory Haj^aKme onKO^nxn, 
a MH HeMaMo mxa jecxH y njiaHMHi , h xaKO LeMo Kao 
HHKO Ty cxpaAaxH. A'^'^eKaxn naK TypKe y 3aceAH, y ray- 
MHqH npeA AenoBueM , — xo 6h fmAR oqeBHAHa nopaaa 
3a jeAHy maKy AyAH A'^ ce oopn c TypAi^Ma. Haj6oAe 
te 6hxh, Mecxo mxo 6h naMa "Rop Co^HiaH A<^^»niao Ha pyqaK, 
Aa MH caAa HAeMO H.eMy Ha Beqepy." TaKO je h 6h.io. 
Be^Ko HapeAH OAMax, Aa ce BOJCKa cnpeMH a Kpeae nyx ce- 
^a Bp6oBAa. J hcxo BpeMe saKaaKe joj, Aa te iicxor seqepa 
npeAysexH jypnm na TypKe, na mxa Bor h cpeta jynaqKa Aoaece. 

Cxnrao je c bojckom y neKo AoCia HofiH y BpuoBau. Hop 
CojiHMaH, CMecxHO ce 6ho komoxho y KyliH neKor HeniKa, n3 Hcxor ce- 
jia, H 6e36pn/KH0 ce npeAao Mop$ejy, Kao h BojcKa My, Kojaje 



220 H P H A P E K A 

nomyia „Aa roHn inyMa/i,HJcKe xaJAyKe," — HspamaBajyliir ce la- 
Ko y3 nyi c npespeiteM o ycTaHni],nMa. 

BejbKO o/i,peAH najnpe, Tj\,e fee kojh oa Masapa n Ha Kojy 
crpany y^apHTH, na oHAa BanoBe^H npeixoAHo ^a ce ce^o sana^H ca 
qerapH CTpane, e h3 HeHa/i,a yqnHn jypnni y TypKe. Ha jeAHOJ 
CTpaHH, KaKo npnqajy, ^yo ee h3 ^a^eKa oac nona Pa/i,ocaBa : 
A a B p a H ope Tl o p o ;i h m a h e , gbo na le nona PaAO- 
caBa; na APyroj CTpann qy^a ce BpncKa Be^tKOBor Kymjte; 
Ha xpetioj cipaHH h3 ueHTpyjia Mn^ncaBJteBe Bojcite qyo ce 
Mac IIana3orAHJe : Ayp AaBpan 6pe 1iopCo;iHMaH, 

nanasorjy Ijqae CTpanino je nsMeAa-io tb 

HoiiH, KaKO CMO c^yma^H oa ohhx, KOJMa cy npnqa^H yqecHHu,ii 
oBe oopue. HacTynn^a je, Be^e, camo jeAna A^BAaqKa ApeKa, 
AHBibaqKO K^aae noMemano ca TyffiHHM sanoMaraaeM paaeHHRa. 
Typn,H cy Cin^n laKO sdyaeHH h nopa^eHH, Aa HHcy jeAan 
3a APyror sna^in. Ohm ce OAaAy 6ercTBy, KyA je kojh 3Hao 
H ysieo. TeK npeKO TnMOKa, koa Be^HKor HsBopa, jeABa cy 
ce npnupa^iH n nncy nocjie lora cKopo noKyma^n, ah ce ynycxe 
y 6op6y ca ycTanni^HMa, Koje cy ohh AO'oe daraTe^ncaAH. 

Oa to Ao6a, BeybKo n aeroBa nodeAa naA Typn,HMa, 
KOA ce;ia Bp6oBn,a, 6h nponecena na cne crpaHe y TnMoqKoj 
KpaJHHH. H aKO Be.^Ko nnje onenaH oa napoAa y cbom 3aBH- 
qajy, Kaomio cy oneBann Apyrn cpncKHJyHai^n y cbojhm KpajeBH- 
Ma, nnaK te oh ocxaTH y napoAy y cbbt^oj ycnoMeHn, aokjib xpaje 
Gp6nHa n cpncKor HMena. Oh je y30i) jynaniTBa, c kojhm ce 
II,pHa PeKa noHocn h ap^^h, Aa My nnje 6h^o panna jynaKa 
y npBOM ycTaHKy. Ttera npncBajajy n KneffieBqaHH 3a to, hito 
My je MaTH h3 Tor oitpyra/ 

aeMy HMa y napoAy n 6acHoc^oBHHX npnqa. BberoB ^hbot 
H fteroBa Ae^a y npBOM iiOKpeTy onncaHH cy noTaHrio, h mh 



.torn y AexHifcCTBy c^iyinajH cmo oa cxapHx JbyAH, Aa je Be.bKOBa Mara 
uiLia 113 ce.ia MapuHonna, y OKpyry KiieiKenaiKOM. Ho Ao6iii!euoji ii3- 
iieiHTiijy o,i r. MHxaii.ia ^asapeBiita, yiirreAa itponHKor, to uaiue cjy- 
iiiaite iioTisp.iii.io ce. IlHcau. 



U P H A P E K A 221 

6h cmo, roBupetiH o iteMy, uiuii upnnytjeHH, a;' MHore cTBapn 
noHaBAaMo, ihmg 6e cmo 0Mamii;in saAaty caMora qjaHKa. 

Bgako HHJe HHKaAa Biueu, KaKu Kasyjy, x^i iisia Be.iiiKy 
BOJCKy Kao APyre bojeoab y CpCiHJH. Oh je u y HaJKi»nTnqHiijiiM 
'rpGHyi^HMa, Kao niTO je duo c^yqaj na Baau a AOUHHJe u Ha 
HeroTDHy, niaao Majio hae oAa^pane BojcKe, Ha Kojy je oh Morao 
c noysAanomty paqyHaiH. HaJBnme je m I^pne Pene XBa^iuo 
Bp6oBqaHe. 

Iloc^e OBe cjiaBHo Ao^HBene nodeAe na Bp6oBi^y, ociao 
je y n,pHoj PeitH non PaAOcaB, a Be^Ko HacraBHO nyr Ka 
ryprycoBuy. 

Bame ce nnje hu Bpatiao y I],pHy PeKy, BeL je nsadpan 
6ho 3a KHesa naA IJ,pHopeqKoM HaxnjoM nosHara Mn.iucaB 'Jaopije- 
BHt, 113 ^lacoBa, KOJM je A" nponaeiM 6ho CTaperaHHa y tom 
Kpajy Cp^Hje. 

TeatHHiTe paAH>e Be^KOBe npenama ce 3a neKo BpeMe y 
BaacKy h PyprycoBaqKy naxnjy, oTKyAa je oh ceon peKpyroBai* 
BOJHHKe, c KoJHMa je iiodeijHBao TypKe. IIo mio je AOAHHJe dnn 
36aiieH c BoJBOACTBa y BaH.H, oraraao je y Ilopeq Mn^ieHKy, a 
1811 roAHHe BHAHMO, TAe ra nocraByba Kapal)opt)e 3a BOJBOAy 
HaA KpaJHHOM. 

KaA 6yAeM0 npeni;iH Ha ryprycoBan, n 6yAeM0 roBupn^iH 
AoraijaJHMa h ^inqHOCTHia H3 npBor ycraHKay tom Kpajy, — oHAa 
teMO ce y neKO^HKo onei AO'raliH BejbKa h aeroBe paAfte na 
Toj crpaHH. 3a caA orpannqaBaMo ce camo tojhko A''^ KasseMo jora 
ryprycoBij,y h nanaAy na obo yiBpl^eHO mecro, a^ je Ty cyAe- 
jiOBao HopeA Be^tKa n Mn^iHcaB ca lJ,pHopeqaHHMa. IIpH^nKOii 
jeAHor jypnnia na yrnpijefta ryprycoBi],a, Mn^iicaBa sroAH y npcn 
Tane HenpHJaTe^cKO, a^n ra ne noBpeAH jaKO, jep je imao Ha 
npcHMa TOKe, Koje cy ra 3amTnTHAe. 

Hoc^e 6oja Ha PyprycoBi^y, Ms^HcaB Ao6n napeA^y Aa ce 
BpaiH y II,pHy PeKV, a Be^Ko ocraAe n Aa^e, ny ne Moranie 
3a OBaj Max HHinia yqnHHTH Typunwa. HacKopo je n oh oth- 



222 UPHAPEKA 

inao y noMoti MnAeHKy, Kora cy Typip npnTecHH^m 6viAE na 
Ma^aJHHun. 

Metjy THM, AOKAe ce 6ho 6oj Ha Pyprycosi^y ISO?'"' 
roAHHG, Aomao je 6m y I],pHy PeKy n PecaBait c bojceom, c 
HasiepoM Aa no dito no to saysMe Sajeyap. 

EaKO npnqajy, 3ajeqap je 6ho ca cnnjy CTpana yrBpljen. 
y H>eMy je 6eao CMemxeHo n fl,()t:,T3i BOJcKe lypcKe, Koja ce 
xpa6po 6opH^a. 

Pecaeau napeAS najnpe, ah ce unKo^n obo Mecxo a x<^ ce 
OAceqe oa BnAnna, naAajytn ce, Aa te ce Typi^a Mopam ck^o- 
Hnrn na npeAajy. IlymKapafte je 'rpaja^o neKOAHKo Aana; ajin 
ce TypuH AP^e h ne noMnniAajy na npeAajy, npn cbhm ko^dkhm 
ryunTunia, Koje cy npeTpne^H napo^iHTO oa name apTRjiepHJe. 
Ha nocAeiKy ce PecaBu,y AOcaAH qeKaite, n sanoBeAH Aa ce 
npeAy3Me jypnm na iipeAftn lypcKH maHan,. JeAHor Be^epa, yAape 
HafflH ca CBDJy cTpana, Aonpy ji,o came Kannje na mani^y, h 
crany je udHJam; a^n 6yAy npHHyi^enH BpaxHTM ce naipar npe- 
TpneBmn Be^HKH 6poj rydniaKa/ 

Iloc^e HeK0./iHG0 Aana, Kapatjop^e HapeAH PecaBuy, Aa nany- 
CTH oncaAy Saje^apa, n Aa ca cbojom h itpnope^EOM bojckom no- 
XHia y noMoL Mn^ieHKy, Kora cy Typi^n 6h;ih npHiecHHiiH y Ma^aj- 
HHun. JeAan ago Apnope^Ke BojcKe ociane y manqeEHMa IIojLamiq- 
KHM H TpenifteBHTiKHM noA KOManAOM Panqe n Kocxe, oyjtyrdama, 
xa je Bojch'a HJia^a saAaxaK, Aa 6paHH ce;ia oa ynaAa noje- 
AHHHX xypcKHx qexa ^amndo.syKa. C I],pHopeqaHHMa je oxamao 
6ho h Ma^HcaB. 

BiixKa na Ma^iaJHHAH AO^asH y peA HajsHaxHHJHx ii3 Ao6a 



' DpHHH ce, Ail ce y onoj 6op6ii ocoohto oA-iUKOBao ueKH FMUTdp, 
KoMe Kasy, ah je 6no poAOM H3 Bocne. C hckojuko ^y^n oABaaii ce 
H npoDyie ce ao casie Kannje na rypcKOM niaHi;y. KaA je eet crao o6h- 
jaxii ceivHpoM Bpaxa oa raaiiua, ciyHaJHn l)y-ie h3 Hamer xoiia iioroAii 
ra, II OH xy ua Mecxy iioiHHe. Hama ra r.ojnHu,H H3Hecy OAax^ie ii .v- 
cTojno caxpaue y 3Be3AaHCKOM ipoO;i.y. 



U P H A P E K A 223 

npBor ycraHKa.' Ty je upBH nyr npy^efla cpiicKOM napoAy 
6paTCKa noMoL Pyca, iiito je napoA oxpaupH^io, jep je biia<'0 
fl,A ce 3a H.eroBy GAo6ofl,j HHTepecyje JQA^a, no KpBu cpoAHa 
fl MotiHti CjiOBencKa AP^iiBa. H aKO je Ta iioMoli dnjia HesHaiHa, 
OHa je ojaqa.-aa MopaA y cpncKoj Bojcuu ii AonpHHe^a, x^i ce 
cpncKH Hapo/i, ca Betosi eneprajoM h iioaapTBOBaiteM Ha atHB(»T 
H CMpT dopso ca BeKOBHHM HenpnjaTejieM, qHJa je ciua U3- 
TAejiHA'd 3a itnx HenocTHaiHa. 

Iloc^e 6HTKe na Ma^aJHHi],H, Mhaohko HucraBH c bojckom 
nyT Bpse lla^aHKe h E^aAOBa, a Kapatjopi^e, kojh je TaKol)e 
6ho Ha Ma^aJHHUii, ynyrn ce y3 Thmok k 3aje^iapy. Ha iiyry 
Aodnje H3BeniTaj, j[-a. cy Typi],H nanycTHJin de3 6(»ja Sajeyaj) 
H noByKJiH ce y Bhahh. 

y 3aje^apy Kapaljopl^e 3aBeAe yiipasy Kao h y HeroTHHy 
niTo je yquHHO. IIpeA caKyn^eHnM napoAOM, noiBpAH Mu;m- 
caBa T>opi)eBHtia 3a Knesa naA i],pHopeqKoM HaxnjoM, a 3a ao- 
MaBHEKe iteroBe HaiiMenyje My : nonaPaAOcaBa, IleTpa 'Bop- 
t)eBHtia-]^oAy h naiia30MHJy. Ohh cy CBH^HAHiteMy iioTiaiteHH. 

C npe^acKOM pycKe BojcKe bhah ce, xa cy Typuii jaKo 
KAOHy^iH 6hj1h AyxoM. TeK niTO je Kapatjopije 6ho noceo 3ajeqap, 
CTHrne My oac, a^ cy Typi^n Hanycra^iH 6e3 6oja TyprycoBau 
H Baay, xaKO m y i],e^ioM tom Epajy nema Burae hh jeAHor Typ- 
qHHa. Eapai)opt)e yAapH na TyprycoBaA, h ly 3aBeAe ynpasy 
Kao H y I],pHoj PeuH. KaA je Aomao y Baity, nocraBH xaMo 



' H3Mei;y APyi'HX iipiiMepa, kojh roBope y iipujor H3Apat^i.H»0CTH na- 
me Bojcue y OHO npesie, 6e-ie3KHMO caMO jeAaH, ii3 uora ce bha", 
y KaKBOM ce o^iajnoM cxaiby aa^iasH^a Hama nojcKa na Majaj- 
hhi];h. OnKO^eHH oa CBHJy cipaea mhopo HaAMotaHJOM HeiipnjaTej.CKOM 
BojcKOM, 663 xpaee, C)e3 HKaKBHx xaKo peLii iiOTpe6a ocTUB^LeuH casiii 
ce6H, npe cy BOJiejH Aa H3rHHy, eero an Aa ce iipeAaAy Typmiita y 
pyKe. noc.aeAH.HX Aana, tpiiejH cy y to;ihkoj MepH tjisla, Aa cy ce BqJHiiuH 
ca onacHomliy ffiHBOxa iipoBjauii-in Hoty H3Me^y xypcKHX cipaata, m 
no Majo ineHHn,e U3 [WJb-a. aohochjih, kojom cy ce saxpaffcHBaan. Ako je 
Morao CBaKH bo)hhk no jeAHy luaKy OBe xpane AueBHO aoOhth, u to je 
Sh^o MHOro. 



224 UPHAPEKA 

XaJAjK-BeAKa 3a bojeoaj na^ 6aH,cK0M HaxHJOM n Bpam ce 
no TOM Haipar y Tono^y. 

1809""' roAHHe, XaJAyK Be^Ko notje ji,n ocbojh Be^n- 
rpaqHK, BaatHO cTpaierHJCKO mbcto 3a onepanaje npeia Bh- 
AHHy n EnpoTy. Oa H.flM je 6jiao neniTo KneaKeBaqKe, ll,pHO- 
peqKe n BaitcKe bojckg, ocgm 6eliapa. Ty je 6ho h MH^HcaB, 
KHe3 lipHopeqKH. HsMeAa HaM no CBOMy mio cmo hm;mh npn- 
;iHKe TiyiH, Aa je oBaj noxoA, memo oAodpeae Kapal)opt)eBO 
n CenaTa npeAyse'r. Be^iHrpaqHK 6ho je laKo yiBp^en, Aa My 
je TemKO 6hjio npnLn. Tpeda^o je Bnme BpeMena, Bnnie cmo- 
TpenocTH H n3AP^Ji>HB0CTH Aa ce 3ay3Me. Mel^y thm Be^KO 
Apatao je, Aa te jeAHHM jypnmeM 3ay3e'ra hcto Mecio h ynycin 
ce necMOTpeno y 6op6y. HpHnoBeAajy, Aa My je jeAan Me- 
fflTannH, Kojn je Ao6po nosnaBao yrBptjeaa OBe BaponiHn,e, Aoniao 
H nonyAHO ce, Aa ra npoBeAe KpnnioM ao jeAHor mecia, Koje 
je 6viAo He3afflTHlieH0, OAaKiie 6h najyiaKme Morao saysera rpaA . 
Hy OH ne xxeAe npuMHiH noHytjeny yc^iyry Beti napeAH 
jypnni. Hamn cy BOJHHBtH ncTHna noKaaayin nsBanpeAHy xpa6pocT, 
a^H cy nnaK cysdHJenn 6mae c ro^eMHM ry6HTn,HMa/ 



' JeAaH aHOHHMHH uHcin, H3 Tora Aooa, no cboj upiiAHmi buzdu aycipiij- 
CKH o*Hii,»p, roBopetu saysehy BeAHipauHKa u XaJAjK-Be-tKy, hejiw. 
Ha jeAHOM Mecxy, KaKo je nocaAa HaniKa Ha jeAaH asle npe Chtkc noA 
Hhiiipm HCupatHja CBOje nopoAHue a CBOJy uoKpeTHOCT nyr Bejie Ila- 
jaHKe. XaJAyK Be^Ko AoanaBuiH to, naiiaAHe TypKe y jcahom xecHaity 
KOA Be^e Ila^auKe, Hce^e iipaxHiy, 3apo6i5 6yje a CBy Ko^iHKy noKpeTHOCT, 
iia ouAa h jgaho h Apyro iioagah Met)y cBoje BOJHHKe. OAax.ie ce nojaBU 
c 2000 JhyAH npeA HameM, a na iiyxy sanjeHH Be^iHKH 6poj cxoKe, raxo 
je npHiiaAa^ia KOJiaHAanxy EuMp-Ara iianiH. ^omaB naxpar y r.iaBHH cxaa 
cpiicKH, KoJH je Oho y IIpoBaaHJii, cyxpa Aan ca 8O00 jiy^H iipeKO 
"EHOpHue yAapa na BeAnipaiHK, y komb je oh^o 40U Typana uocaAe. 
Hhm je cxiirao, bcah, uosoBe TypKe Aa iiy ce iipeAaAy, a itaA ohh to 
OAOauie, ou jypwuia na rpaA, sayssie ra h nopyma, a uocaAy, Koja ce 
ynopHo 6pauH.ia, csy Hcene. Oest. milit. Zeitsch. IV cb. cxp. 144 a 145 
OA 1821 r. 

r. MhuikouhL, y »OxayOHuu* 3a 1875 r., Be.m Ha jcahom wecxy, Aa 
je XaJAyK Be^Ko ISOO-"' r., no noBpaxiiy ii3 -loropa KajieHHiKor, ca 
500 ^ByA" yAapiio lui Typne koa MycTaj-iiauiiiHe Ila^iaHKe fBe^ie Ha- 



U 1' H A 1^ E K A ?9 5 

Metjy ocTfUHM APyrnM 6opuiiMa., Kojn cy ruuii iiiui ub.-m 
jypHffly, cnoMCHytiOMo joAHor u to UeTita uinidjiiiiy, n:i ce.i:i 
3arpai,e, ^nje kocth h Aanac dopase y Be^arpiiqiiKy. He cy.M- 
H,aM(), /^a ce He te ii Aiinac noSHasaTH xpar na BpaTHMa rpa^- 
CKUM, Koja je IleTKO noKymaBao ceKnpoM a'i iipoonje, u y 
TOM norotjeH o/; TaneTa nenpirjaTeibCKor, iiao Ha MecTy jipTau. 

Oa 1807""' roAnee iia cbb 40 3^oKouHe 6htko Ha EaMeiniiui, 
D^pna PeKa dn^ia je hh ampy. BojcKa iteHa HMa.ia je jeAUHii 3a- 
AJiTaK, fl,-A npaTH iioKpeTe im/uiHCKe BojcKe h ^a ce OTy^a opaHU. 

Kra cy TypuH lS09-Te ro/^nne npoBa.M^H 6emi AydoKo 
y Cpdnjy, napoA y U,pHOJ Pemi 6ho je nce^no cBoje nopo- 
AH^e, a BOJCKa, no HapeA^ii M^iaAenoBoj, iiOB^aqH^a ce je k Mo- 
paBH. y TOM noBiiaqefty, Aodflje Knes MH^HcaB saAaTaK, a^ '-e 
yTBpAH Ha ^eBoj oda^aMopaBe, Hsiei^y ce^ia AipderoBi^a h Map- 
KOBita, jep je dn^a dojasaH Aa He npel^y Typi^n Mopany. Ty cy 
0CTa;ia II,pHopeqaHH, aok ce roA Typi^n nncy noByoii n3 Op6nje. 
3a THM ce BpaTe h saysMy oneT cBoje CTape no^oiKaje y lJ,pHuj 
Pei^H, na nocAe KaA je n pycKa BojcKa CTHwa, yqecTBOBajin 
cy npn ocBajaay Baae, kojom npn^HKOM aen Bot) Mn^ncaB, 
pann ce y nory/ 

^RHKe) H pasfiHO Hx, na OAaMe OTHmao ^ajbe m Be^HrpaniiK ocbojho (?). 
KojHKO MH oner seaMO, XaJAyK Be^KO, as ;ioropa KaMenaHKor, otu- 
mao je na Be;iHrpa^HK h xy HMao 6oj ca TypitaMa. FpaA Huje momo 
yseTii, Beh caiio Bapomimy h y aoj HceKao cne TypKe, Kojii cy ce ry 
saxeKJH. TaKo npiiHajy ohii, kojh cy ou.m yiecHimii OBe 6opoe. UpeMa 
EiipoTy, Hania je BOJCKa ^oiip.ia uiLia y npBOii ycxaHKy caMO ao Ja.iOBiiK 
HsBopa n BpaxHja ce no npinaay, Ka^jey fiopoii koa JaAouiiK HsBopa 
jeAHHH xon, KoJH je Hocii.ia, Bar.iaB^sBH h oaecnocoo^BeH oiio. IIojeAHHe 
xaJAyiKe lexe, iipoAnpa^e cy ^aK ao Hiipoxa ii Buxoraa. 

* Banie paAH KypH03Hxexa, aohochmo obab iihcmo pycKor t^eHepa.ia U,y- 
KaxoRa, AaxupaHo 10 Jyaa 1810-t'" roAHHe, kojhm jan^ta Mn.iHcaoy cboJ 
AOAasaK y E[pBy PeKy. HHxepecHO je xo nacMO no xojie, raxo cy 
PycH ApsaiH y oho Bpejie, Aa y [Ipaoj Peu;n atnoe HCK^Byuneo Byrapu , 
xe c xora BajiAa ii pycKH t/eeepaj nmiie Mii.iHcaBy na 6yrapcK0M jesiiKv. 

KOMAHAAHTy EtPHOPEqiiOMy KHE3y MIL'lHiJABy. 
Hie-meM'K Aa aoagmi bi nama xa seM.ia, it meji Aa B.iesesn. bi. Ba- 
niexo noje h bx. Baninxe Kama, n jiejib neineMi. mimo ah ce 3arydn oa 

rJACHHK LIV. !•') 



226 U P H A P E K A 

Ilociie dnTKe Ha BaitH, XaJAjK Bgako, neniTO cbojhm 
HenpeMnnijteHHM nocTyni],iiMa, a jom BHme HHTpnraMa uojeAHHHX 
B^acTO-ty^ai^a h yABOpHi],a BoJBOAe MiiaAeHa n Kapatjopi^a, 
y3 npHnoMoL pycKor noc^aHHKa, kojh je cranoBao y BeorpaAy h 
Ha saxreB riiaBHor KOMHHAaHTa pycKe BOJCKe y B^amKoj, dy^e 
suaqen ca ynpaBe Ha^ BaacKOM naxHJOM h iiosBaT na cyA y 
BeorpaA. Ho oh He xxeAe Htn na jioshb, Bet oAe y Ilopeq 
Mn^eHKy n laMo je atHBeo 6e3 HKaKBa onpeAe^eaa, paAetiH na 
ToMe, All ce HCTHCHe yn^HB M-iaAenoB, kojh je to^hko sa^a 
noquHHO II AOBeo seM.^by ao npoiiacxH.' 



Bauiei'o S.iara, 3amo cxpainHoe noBejeHie Ha ciiiKaxa soiicKa ox Ty- 
.le&iixii-renepajT. na $epx-Mapffla;iexT> ah ce hhuio He3ary6n oa na- 
iiiero f>Aara, h Hiemejib chhko a^ KyiiHMh sa eaum napa, HaeiiTi a* 
suaexe meaib ji.a B.ie3HM'b bo Baraaxa seii^a. 
y yloropy 10. FOhha 1810 jiexo. 

reeepaj-Maiopi. n 
KaBa.jep'b 

(M. n.) rpofjk IXgKaToeo. 

' PyCKH KHC3 UpOBOpOBCKH, HIICJIOJI CBOJH OA 31 AsiyCXa 1808-'"" I'OAllHe, 

ua ocHOBy Aocxase noc;iaHHKa PoAOOHHKHHa h Ea^Aa. jom HeKHX jh^- 
uiix HeiipHJaxeji-a XaJAyK Be.BKOBHx, niime jcahom npii.iHKOM Kapa^op^y, 
ii3Jiel)y ocxa.:or h obo: kl 6e3MipeoMy OAHaKO yAHB.ieeiro jioejiy no- 
jivHH.ii. Ji hhhI; AOHeceaie KoHcxasxHHa KoHCxaHXHEonuia, ixo Boe- 
BOAa BejLKO ee xoji,ko He iioABepiKeHb naKOMy-juSo HaKasaHiio, ho 
oxnyii'eH'i) cnoKonHO kx> npesHeMy ero jiicxy, h hto ohi. hc iipecxaBa.n> 
A'l'<eAax'h noAo6HHe npejKUHMi ipa6ea[n. 

TaKOBue AepsKie ii HenosBO-aHxe.itHHe iiocxyiiKii, Ao.iaceHCXBymmie HaB- 
jieib Ha CepdoBi neMiinyeMoe OiiACXBie, HHKOHMh ofipasoMb xepiiHJiH 
Cux'i. He MoryxT>, xieiih 6o.rl;e, mxo ecxiau TocyAapi. IlMiiepaxopi. co- 
i!3ito.iHxi. ycMOxptex;., ^ixo uapoAi' cepi3cKiii h lacxHHe Ha^iu.iHiiKH ne 
oyAVTi. coxBtxcxBOBaxb ooiiuaui^iMi. A'Ihhumi, oxi. ero DjinepaTopcKaro 
Be.iHMecxna uopxi oxxoMancKOH h He cxanyxi cA'tAOBax AaBaeuHMi 
HMb HacxaB.ieHiflMi., xorAa HaRACKyxi. na ce6« iHiBi. BceMiLiocTn-Btn- 

mai'o FocyAapfl, meAparo iixi. iioKpoBiixe.ifl 

Pa36op coHHHeifl cxp. 146 h 147. 
y Aa^teji iiHcaH>y, UpoBopoBCKii xpaavn no uixo no xo, Aa ce Be.*KO 
36auH ca yiij)aBe n A'<\ ce npeAa cyAV 3a xoaukc Kpiiimite, Koje je oh 
1I04HHH0. Ha H>eroBO iiecxo saxxena, Aa ce Apyi'i iiocxaBn 3a BOJBOAy. 
Kapal)opl)e ce AoneKje ycxeaao Aa aaAOBOAii rjaBHor KOMaHAyjytier 
pycKo BdjcKe y B.iauiKOJ u naJ3aA iiocxaBH na Mecxo Be.tKOBO KHesa 



U !■ H A I' E K A 227 

Ha iberoBO JiecTO 6J^e not-raBAeH KHe3 MnjncaB 3a crai.e- 
niHHy Ha^ BaitcKOM, CBp^amKOM, lJ,pHopeqK(.M u llHp<.TcivitM 
HaxHJOM, no4 KOJoM cy ce pa3yMeBa^a ^Ba cpesa y Aananiu.eM 
KitaaieBaqKOJi OKpyry : THMoqKH h SarAaBCKH.' 



MH.iiicaBa H3 rtpue Pene, Kao mro ce bhah h3 iiiicjia, Koje mii y ko- 
UMJH Ha CBOM MecTy iipn.iKa;eMo. 

CBIU-BTEyiCTBO h HOilHOMOniie KHESY MIUHCABV JU'HO- 
PEHKOMF. — Koe no sauoBecxii Haiuoii .\ii iimh aaiiOBe.xaTii ii cnany 
3anoBecTT> HapoAy MS^aBa™, na npoie CTapomiiiie oav Haxie Katu.cKe, 
Csp^iHHKe, Ij;pHopeHKe h IlHpoTCKe, na KOt: iipeiiopyqyeiMb cbiimi. khg- 
soBHjia KjieTOBHJia h HapoAy nsLAimu h bii.ihkhml h he.i«ml ca.Ma cbh- 
Ma. KaKo H ecaMB Aomno y Haxiio UapafeHucKv h Taiio uo KpaiiHii 
AH CBaKy eys^y hsbuahmi, laKO a ecasib pasyjieo Aa t; Bajia BCAiiKa 
HyaiAa h Tero6a h sjaju oat. Be^iKa Koe e oai a Apia CBaKO CeaaKOHb ii 
HenpaBAy npeKo Hame sanoBecxH iipecTyiiH.iH tcy, saio « caAa Be.iKu 
ecasiB k' Mene npusBao y BeorpaAt h uhl Bajia Buiiie HeLe aanoue- 
Aaiii HiiTii sy.iyiib ihhhth Hero exo nia^itMi. caii, oiiexi. jieljy BacL aa 
HafiiviaBHiera CxapeiuHHy KHeaa MnjiHCaBa U.pHopeiKora, h npo'ie same 
CxapemuHe Koe cy h (ju^h h ohu Ke oaiia cse ycxMeuo noKaaaxH CBany 
sanoBecxi h bu hbu Aa auaxe cjymaxii, bu ce caAx. exxe npiinyajAH-iH 
y xypcKe pyKe, ajw bh xano ypebySxe ca Typumia a noAaHCxno no- 
Aanxe HLHJia sa Bpeme, a na npo^iehe Kano bu ao1;c aaiioBecxb cbh 6y- 
AHxe roxoBH aa TypKe c'eaiua saeAHo yAapiixu, a^a iioiMohH oteiio 
Hjiaxu OATi ApyrH Kpa.iiBHHa. Heiioiixe cyjiliHie HiaaxH na .lexomHi moe 
6h;io koh cmo Aexoci. mh npoAaxH ii OHeiiepsHU 6n.in, a caA^ eciio ce 
HayiiiAii Aa Haci bhko npeaiipaxH ueMoaie, a nocjia.iH cmo 31% BoiiCKy 
IMocKOBCKv Aa Aot^e, Koe ce HaAajio CBaKii AaHi Aa he Aota kuko Bpeao 
jenine 6yAe, h xo bu upenopyMyeMX) : 3A0HUHU,a n yondita csaKO Cejo 
Aa HMa jBaxuxH h CxapemaHu y pyite npeAaxH, xaKoljepi. h AesouKy 
KOH oxiie Ha CH.iy Aa ra yeaxuxe h cxapemuuH y pvKe ,\e upeAaxe, 11 
Ilonii KOH 6h ce ycyAio AeBoilKy oxexy BSHiaxn, xail ote ce cjipxHOMi> 
KamiiiOMi KamnroBaxu a CBemeucxBa ohe AHinen-h Ouxh. Casio iiMaMi 
Bajia HaiKpate Kaaaxu, obc Banie CxapeuiHHe Aa cdyraaxe mo bu sa- 
noBeAaio, a bu c' TypuuMa ao BpeMeaa c.iaa:iixe ce ao npo.ieLa, naKi 
OAaHAe tejio oeAaxn Aa aacb Buine neMory cjiymaBaxH. Coxhmtj ocxaio 
Baci no3ApaBjHK)iin a KaKo obo mos hhcmo iipHJiiixe h oBy sanoBecxb 
noc.iymailxe mo he bu obu KaesoBH Kaaaxa 11 xaKH iiouubuxe mh eAHOia 
KMexa luii ABa Aa aasia iomxi 3a Koeiua ycxMCHO iiOKaseMX>. 
y Touo.111 
OkxomOph 2S-ro 1809 roA- 

(M. IT.) Eapa-'Eop^e IleTpoeuKz 
B. n. H. c. 

15* 



228 U P H A P E K A 

noniTo cy TypAH ocraBH^H Cpunjy, c npe^acKOM pycKe 
BOJcKe npeKO AjsaBa, y II,pHOJ Yem je 6eao H3a Tora MHpno 
CBG AO nponacTH 1813-to roAnne. 

Kapal)Opl)e, iioMe 3;ioKo6He 6e'tkq na KaMenHi^H, iipeA- 
y.SHMa peopraHH3ai;0Jy YnpaBe seMa^cKe h tom npn^HKOM no- 
CTaBJta y seM.tH BHrae hobhx BOJBOAa, qecTo h TaKBux, kojh 
HHcy creoH HHiraKOBiix sac^yra sa sei^y. 

Y I],pHoj PeAH, 6no je ao ISH-tg roAoe cTapeinHHa 
HJiii KHe3 OA u,e^e naxaje, a 3a neKO Bpeie h BaitcKe n IIh- 
poTCKe, Mn^mcaB Taopi^eBnii, o komg cmo HMa^n AOcaAa 
npoMKe lecTO ah roBopnMo. IteMy cy 6oh noTqaiteHH cbh 
ocTa^H MaBapH Ha tom Kpajy, na h Heiap T>op^eBHii l^CoAa, 
AOHHHJe BpaatorpHaqKfl BOJBOAa.' 

npHM't^aHie: 

Axpeca OBauo wacH: »Obo aaAAeacH to cBeMy HapoAK KiieTOBHJia khc- 

SOBHJia lia^HMi H BeAHKHMl y HaXHK) Il,pH0peiK8 H BaHCK8 IIlipOTCKs 

H Cbp^ihwkk HcnpoiaiaHie.* 
' CEPBCKOMy BOfiBOAH Y. MHyiHCABy UPHOPE^IKOMY. 
TpyAH BanjH sa OTeiecxBo iiOAuexH ii ucTHHua^ xpaf)pocTi, Bama iipo- 
THBx iieiipijixejifl, Ha pasAu^HiiMii M'tcraMH iioKasaHaij, oOpaxiuo e Hanie 
BHiiMauit: iia naci, bhmki iiaiiiero oiAima h nuSHarpaaiAeniji noxBepffiA'"!- 

BaSIO BaCb KOMEHAAUXOMI I1,PH0PFHK1I3II, H OXX Hllffie HMeHOBaXll CeASi, 

c.i'l>AyR'bnMi oOpaaoMi. 

1. Baiii BAacTH AaeMo, ci KHeaviinoMi UeHHopeiKOJii yiipaBJiiTH, h 
BbOMi iiojiHo aauoBijAaxii, mxo BaMi ce npeiiiiine, a o6inecTBo k06 he 
6uTH noAt BauiOMi BAaciiu', ue yrHt.xaBaxii. 

2. Bh A'"i fiyABxe iio.iin.i iiciiojHHxeJi.H Boai.H IIpaBiixe/icxByioma CoBixa 
HapoAH;i II Bo.ibii MOt-fi, 

3. y ji.'\)AOivu BOKiibiM-h oTi caAT, yoyAyiue, 3aiiOBicxn, HacT.iBjeHiH II xep- 
6oBaH«, iipuMahe xe n3Xi BpuBiixeACTByKJiua CoBixa, on rociioAHna bok- 
Hora noiieiHxejiii, T. M^aAeaa MHJOBaHOBHLa, h y xaKoiuuii. mxo imwh 
iioTpe6uo OyAe, oxi Ht.ra nui,uxe. 

4. y aIuomx BuyxpeHbTMX Bauie Kneaiime, mxo roAx> ouBa ii xpeoa Aa 
flBiixe y npaBHxe.icxByitiiubi CoBixi FociioAHHy IIone'iHxewiKi HKOuy He- 
naAOBiihy Biiyxpenbixi> xhi, 'oxt, kokto y xaKono.M'b iipiiMafec xe Ha- 
cxaiueiiii-: 

5. B'lipo'ieJii Kpoiit iiaiuoii, iioa luihora it.iaixii iieiioAiiaAaxe, KacaxejHo 
KueajHue Haxie UpnopeHKe, cjIiav*-; BaMi. sHaxii y AyAyme Koiiy ce 
iiMuxe iioKopaBaxH. 



U I' H \ !■ E K A 2 29 

tJ. y Bpejie iioeuaHii oai Kot-jo KOJiauAyn'inaro iicc^yiiiauib iiOKopeocT. 
name upeiuiCiiHa he duni cunrtuiiie a^ aaiiouecru. ouaro HCiio.iu;iiiaTe, 
m6o CBauiil TaKOBurt KOJiaHAyiomu, guhe OAb uacx HaiuieuoBaiii naCpaiiL, 
yoipeHhi iiu, Aa im c* uauiosn, iipHaHaaocniH), Kom iia.Mi iioKaaytMO 
Ou te xe aaAoiiO^LHH, ycyryOuie xpyAe Bauie y At^nuix KacahMiiuM 'c« 
6.iaroiiojy'iiii, HapoAu. u sa iioKasaxH ce6e Aocxouiiiun, y uyAyme ceia 
ynaaieui;! iipu IlapuAutiri) cuupauujii. 

y BeorpaAy 
.11. sflnyapa 1811. ioa- 

BkI-XOBHUI'I liOiKAl. HaI'OAA CEPliCKOn. 

(31. U.j FeoiJiiii IlcTp06i(m 

(M. 11.) IIpaauT. C'jO^iTh CpOcK'ii. 

HasuaqeHie. Ce.aa Kuesa ]Mn.aiicaiiu koh cy iioai KOJiauAtJMi, iitioiiojii. 

I. KpHBH-Bupi, 2. ylyKOBO, 3. Mnpouo, 4. JloAauHua, 2. MaAn-ll3Bop'b, 
6. HjCHa, 7. /l,y6pyt;Bam., b. Bo.itBaiJ,i, !». Ba.i>i-KoH'l;, lU. ;],oopo-iio;it. 

II. EaneBHita, 12. jlacoBo, 13. J3p6oBau,i, 14. njaHHUHii,a, \'>. OcuuLe, 
IG. IloAiopaui, 17. CyiipaKOBaii,!, 18. ^lyuHHua, 19. .Ichobhu, 20. jlec- 
KOBaui, 21. rp.in me, 22. IpjjiHii. 

Ctiiji Leini Cejuiia KOJieHAupaxu ii paiyne oxi cBaiuxa A^Baxu a y 
AoiOBopy otitemi ch UexpoMi /l,avOAOMi, u CBaiAa te Baiii eAue 3a- 
iiOBecxii AOjasuxH, a no aaocofio KaKo sa Boeuy xaKo h 3a iipone. H y 
AoroBopy ca cbhmt> KMexoBUMa oxi Haxit; x^ HsOepexe ab<i Kiiexa aa 
cyAie y MaiHcxparx, BaHta, h uapeAuxe abg Me3y.iaHe, SAHa y Baj>i 
KOHbH a Apyra y BpamorpHuu, y Koioii he xe miaxH, h iio 4 koha, u 
no 3 iie3y.aAJKi6 h momkomi xaii-iyKi, u Paua Aa y KAaiiiiyxi, ypeAHxe 
iflxo he HMi 3a I'oAUHy xpeoaxu, KaKo bu 3anpaB0 ci> KiiexoBiiMa ua^exe' 
Bm BoiiBOAe Aa ypeAuxe y CBaKoiiy Ce.iy KHesa CeocKoii koii he ca 
Ce^oiii orpaAHxu KomeBe h aiiGape 3a AecoxKe ii Baai panyae AaBaxii, 
Mu crapeniiiee Aa ce HeMemaxe y AyxoBuiiHecKe a cBaincHHiecKe Hiiae 
KOMi HJiaAe MaTpouojoxi Aa cyAH, bu Cxapeinnne ia" ce koh aa cyAi 
no30Bexe, Aa OAMa oaoMy oxHAexe, a sa jijalje uixo koh iac yHuaii, no- 
xapa, ujiuxh KOia yoie, cbukh Aa ra anaxe yBaxiixa, n cyAy. Aa ra 
upeAaxe, KoeMy Maracxpaxi) iipecyAaxu Heiioace oiiu he oaaKOBe iipe- 
Aaxii y CobIjXI. A oco6hxo 3a CBainxo Aa ^iBj^xe kuko .\ieae xaKO h 
CoBixy, KaKo sa 3.10 xaKo u 3a Aoopo. SaBucxb h irpoxiiBaocxb iiehy 
Bajiu Aa aeoyAe, ano 6u ce xaiiOBO pah Hani.ao Aa On ce koh eAaai Apy- 
roMy iipoxHBio, Aa he jiopaxu aa oxBixi Aohn, a aa cuamxo 011, Co- 
B4xa HacxaBjieaie Aa amexe, aAa B03uaexe Aa eo hb BepxoBaa Bjacxb. 
3aKJiexBe oae, Koe cy 6H.ie y Cooopy i;oa npecxyiia xohe Guxa .laiaeai 
CxapeiuiuicxBa. A luxo ce KOiiy oiipeAtjii, Aa ca oaajii 6yAe 3aA0Bn- 
AAWh, y OBOMi nyHKxy Baiii oiiucyeMi iioxpeoaa;! cxBapa a aacxaB- 
.aeaifl, ox Koera he xe mxa xpaaiHXH; xo txxi, oxi> CoBtxa, Koe cy caAa 
^I-ieaoBa pasAo-ieHU no Haocooi y Ai^nMa. 
1. rociioA»ui> MiiaAeai MajioBaaoBuhi IIoiieqHxe.ai BOfcaax Ai..\\ mxo 



230 UPHAPEKA 

3a BoiicKy noxpeSye, A^euaue, ojosa, fiapyia; TonoBa, ^y^iera, <i>uraeKa, 
H Hpone EoeHe jiyHimit: oti ouora a'I xpaaiHTe. 

2. rocuoAHHi MujeuKo CToftKOBiiHt noiieiHxe^b HHocTpaaax' Ai^'. 
T. e. aKO 6u KaKani loueKi,, h31 Apyre seiui npemao ki naMi>. h luro 
ipaaiio, TUKH A'd xaKona HOBCKa iionijt.xe ki Hiiiy. 

3. rociioAHHi. /],ociixeu OopaAOBH^i> nonenaxe^ib OpocBtmeHiii IlapoA- 
Hira, oHhe SHaTii IIpocBtmeuifl HSAaBaxa, koh sa DpocnemeHie ecxe 
OAi OHora he xpaffiHXK. 

4. locnoAHHi Hkobi HenaAOBMHi lioneHHxe^i sHyxpeaux^ A't.ii, ox^ 
Hira hexe npocnxu BayxpeHii Ai-ia, oh he Baiii HacTaBjeaia AaBaxa, 

5. rociioAHDi nexapi) TeoAopoBii^i ohx ecxe bcihkh Cvai^ Bn.iaexcKn, 
Koe fee xe aa xaKoco on aira aacxaByieaia HCKaxa, koh cKpiii!.i KaKO 
te ra KamxHiOBaxH. 

6. FocnoAHHi) Kaeai Cujia MapKOBHii Houeiaxe^ib Kacee HapoAnt 
Kot: HacxaB-ieaie oxi Hira xpasHxe. ^ 
ByAytiH Aa te ce cbh npiixoAii oOpayxii, y Kaccy HapoAHRi, a oHAa 
he ce acKaxH iioxpe6Haa HsaroOAJKie luaxy, ii npoi. 3a caAepaiaut. Obh 
npeHMeaoBaHH 6. ^j^eaa CoBixa ouhe cbu yeAaowe coi\iaciH). Apyo 
oxi> Plaxie ji,a iioni.iixe 10. xouAJKiji, h 5. io6oniapa, aa aayny y Beo- 
rpaA^, CBaKH oxx cbop Kaeffiaae Mase Aa npeuKine npaBo a KaKo npe- 
inimexe xaKH aaMx, aa saaai a* Aaxe; — aa Myann;ie CsaKa 3. Meceii;a 
panyaX) y CoBtxi majitiixe, kojhkocxb npiiMUJii, noxap^ii.iii h mxa iomx. 
HjiaAe. 

y Beoi'paAy 
11. Uiiyapa 1811. roA- 

BEPxoBauil BO/KAX. Hapoaa 

(21. 11.) Feopziu lleTpoennh 

(M. II.) IIpaeiiTeACTe. CoetjTo Cep6eKiu, 

B.lAJ'OPOAHl.in r. KHESJE MILIHCABE UEPHOPE^lKlfi, 

3APABCTByflTE! 

}lB;iaM0 Bajia, KaKO saMi ina^itMO niicMO ii /l,HnJOMy, iioxBep^eao ex. 
neiaxoMi aarnHMi ii CoeixcKHJix,, koio n3B0jiirie npnMiixii ii no acxofi 
BwiBAaxH ce. 

Mh cmo y AoroBopy ca CxapenaiaaMa ii ca CoBixnuX) sa ayacAHo aa- 
nuH, Aa ce aiiKano oAepiKaxii nejioaveiio, ano luxo caAa aeiiopeiKejio, 
xaKO nopesaCMO aa CByllaxin I],pnope'iKy 4.000 rpoma, a xo Aa "waxe 
OBaa nopesx noKyiiaxa. oaxj CxapocLAioaaua, a oxi. oan Semaaa kou 
cy oxx. npsKO TnwoKa iipeiu^ia, Aa oxi aba aainx' aeysiiMaxe, xaKO a 
3a Mesyjaae Hwahe xe xpouiaKX> kohI; a njara Mesy^iAJKi^Ma. yxo acxo 
MOiKexe iiopesaxa, Aa ce yeAHo iiopeiue: Tano Kauo oho Mot: iincsio iipa- 
Mine a pasyMCxe, oax> acxoia laca cacxaBiixe ce ca IlexpoMT> ^;eoaomi, 
iipasoBaxe K.MexoBe oax llaxit; a cse cniiuiaxc CBania oxx, CBOe Kae- 
aiaae, ko.uiko he r.iaaa iiaaha, a no i.iaBajia n aa Jiesy^iaae nopeataxe 



U P U V 1> E IC A 231 

II iiopesi ot' to niTo CKopie naHBHine ao 20 4aHa asl Aoneceie CBaKH 
ot' cBoe KeeffieuiiHe y CoBijTi. ii to he Te nmtw, ,\ti MocKonnMa h 
BOHCKH HbioBOH PaHy Kyuyejio. 

3a Tooatie ii To6omape HapeAUTe, h naKO BpeMe jeno OyAe a bu in 
nouiJbHTC Ha uayKy y BeorpaA^. » Tail hobh iiopesi KaKO cKyiiiiTe 
SAHaKX y CoiitT'b iioniJbiiTe, ocTaeji^ Haci, iiosApaiUHKilii. 

y BeorpaAy 
16. HHyapa 1811. 

BpXOBHUH B02CA1 HaPOAA CEPBCKOn> 

reopziu lleTpoeuHo. 

Ot' BKPXOBHarO BOHCAA ii lIPAIiHTE.lCTBriHA coBirrA hapoaiui. 

BjiatopoAHOMy FocuoAcipy KOMCHjiaHTy Knesy MiiAucaey IXpnopeuKOMy. 

HACTAB^EHie. 

Ho cofipauHK) HaineMii npora^iaro roAa y JiHyapiro Meceay y iisAaTiun. 
BajH) /],iiiiA0MaMa HasHaieHO e cse oho, hito ctb bu Kao CviyanireA Ha- 
poAHHil, y HcnojHeHi'K) c^yiK^e Bame AyiKHH ^ihhhth. To iicto h caA^ 
Baiii npeAiiHcyeMO h ynpaBjHMO Baci na ncie J^kwaohq, as. ce y CBejiy 
Boo6ni,e no Huiia B^aaAaTe. Kt> TOMy Bajn. naseaiyfiMo cA'l;Ay»iiua : 

1. Cbb oho, ihto Bajii ce oTh naci ii IlpaBnTejcTByioina CoBtxa ua- 
A07s.n KacaTBJHO cjy^fie oSmenapoAHi. KaKo th nopeai, roBCAa, h cbb 
niTO ce 3aHmTe, Aa HMaTe tohho h Ha speMe 6e3 CBaKorij OTjaraHa iio- 
cdaTH, HHaie heTe OArosapaTH 3a HenocjymanHK TaKOBO. bob he ce npii- 
HHcaTH Baniofi nejiapHOCTH sa ciymSy napoAHKi, h iipHMiiheTe no o6- 
CTOiiTejcTBaJii npHCTOuny KasHi. — 

2. KaKO H CBarAa niTO cmo Bani npenopyiHBa,iii tuko n caA Basil, TsepAO 
HEjaiKeMo cia MarncTpaTOMi Baiuiiiii y AoSpoMi. iiopasyiiiio Aa oyAeie. 
nosnaTa cy u HasHaqena BaMi A^Adt, ca'^x.6q Bame, cjiAOBaxejHO y Cy- 
AeficKe nocAOBe HeuMaTe ce MeniaTH, ho HanpoTHBt Tora HaA^ieaiii Basiij 
y CRaKO BpeMe MariicxpaTy CBaKv pyKonoMohi mhhiitii h KpHBue Koe; 
OBail aaniiiTe npeAaxH. 

PaBHO II MarHcipaxy ce Ha^ajKe y Botaa AiA& Aa ce HeMeraaid hiixh 
BOUAOAaJia y xojie cnexaio, ho no uponncy CBOKMy Aa ce BviaAani. Cna- 
Kojiy i;ieHy MarHCxpaxcKOMy oApel/ena e roAHinHfl njiaxa no 400. rpoiiia, 
IlHcapy no 360. OBe hobub h xpomaKX na Measy-iauc paspeaate xe hh 
BHJaex' n c' npoHHwi nopesoiix Aa he xe y naccy llapoAHji, OAKyAa 
he ce CBaKoiiy H3AaBaxn. Paey naKi no 500 oKa ainxa ii baho roBe'ie 
CBaKOJiy Aahe xe oat> ACcexKa, n to xoiho ao nsAaxe Aa ce uexyae. 
Mojmn MarHCxpaTCKiii, Aa npniiaK) na Aau-B notriAHy ony AeC)& oxb ap- 
ceTKa, Kyhe Hbione Aa cy ciofioAiie o.vb Ky;iyKa h AeceTKa. 

3. /l,eceTKe am oabohxb y cBaKoiii Ce.iy no oco6' n oa^ xora pa^yin. 
Aa n3Aaxe. 

4. Cbb raxo ce y Bamoii Ilaxiil Aoralja AyaiHii cxe uito CKopie oGhbhxh. 

5. nopesi. Ha OBy roAimy naaaffieMO na Kneaviiuy Baniy 5000. rporaa; 



232 U P H A P E K A 

k' TOJiy ypeAHTe MeHsy^ane Kao h npoiii icie lOAUHe, ii oho mio e ua 
ManicTpaiTj OApetjCHO paapeaiHTe. 

6 3a BoeHa upeciynjenia AOSBO-aasaMO BSiWh KamxHroBaTii KpHBii;a co- 
paaiitpHo npecxyn-ieHiio c' uiTauoBHMa, a 6eryHi;a iisi BoiicKe a oHora 
KOH Ha no3HBaHie Ha BoiiCKy Heuo^e, jioacexe KamxiirOBaTU ci> muSoiii) 
HO HauAa^i Kposi 300. MOiiaKa xpu nyxi> npota ; KanexaHX naKi Mose 
ca coLiacieMi, Bamuiii) KpiiBn,a BoeHort KamxuroBaxH cb 25. mxaua, 
Burae He. 

7. Ox' Kauexana Bainu noevb nenociyniHa a Hecnocoona y CjiymSa Ha- 
teie AVffiHH cxe ra oSaBHXH nana » y coBixi HapoAHHfi ca onHcanoJii 
HiroBOMi) KpiiBHn,OMT. Ha Koerh jiecio iipeAcxaBatiexe HameMy 0A06peHK) 
Apyrori,, Koen he mo mh u CoBixi HapoAHUu, ano 6jiaropacyAHMO 

IIOXBepAIlTU. 

8. Hefiane kojiiiko ce caAa koai> Bac^ HaxoAH Aa asuxe ; HHKOiuy ao 
Bpeiiena KaAi ce Ha SaxKy nohe Aa HSAaexe •, nyniKe kou nanpasHO 
siehe, Aa Kamxaiyexe cb 25. raxana u aiicoMij. 

9. 3aKa3axii luiaxe y Bamoii Haxifi h oco6hxo na xo jioxpnxH Aa koh 
ACBofiKy yAat: Heyaiima BHme oa^ 12. Fpoina 3a uki, mxo e ypeHeno, 
BHme KOii 6h yseo H3ry6hi he cbc h xo he npHnacxH y Kaccy HapoA- 
HKi, a onau he ouxh KaomiHroBaHi. 

10. Hpoie HaAore kou OyAy ^BHhesio 06011111 upejieHOMi. 

11. Obo dhcmo HaAaaceMO BaMX o6aBHXH h Marucxpaxy Haie D^pHopeHKB, 
Ai ^-leHH onora SHaAy npoxuBi> saci npHCxouHo o6xoahxh ce. 
3aK.4yHiixe4H0 11 noBxopwxeJHO Bajii Ha-iaaceiio yuoxpefiaxH cbo cxapa- 
Hi Bame 3a HBBepmaxii BOSJoaeHoe Ha Buch. — Toiho HSBepinHBani 
saiioBecxii iipiinehe BaMt oa^ Haci qecxx h HarpaJEAenie. a HauMaai 
neopejKeHie 11 Henociyniauie yspoKOsahe Baiii Ges'iecxie h npuMuhe xe 
110 oCcxoflxe-icxBasia copas&iipHy naan'. — 

y BeorpaAy 
n. ^Hyapa lbl2. ioa. 

BpxoBHuitt BoKAi HapoAHuii 

(M. 11.) Feopzie II Tpoeum 

y nPABnxKjcxEyioiii,eMi CoBixy 

{M. li.) Mjia^euo MvjioeaHoeuHo. c. \). 

BpeAHo lie 6htii a;i Ka^eio niTO o MM^Hcasy, ubom 3h;i- 
jieHHTuM MuBeKy, KOJH je y gbomg Kpajy aosaaT hcto toahko 
Ko^iHKo H XaJAyK Be.'LKo; kojh je cbojh^i /^paaiteM, cbojhm 
caMonperupeBaibeM, cbojom pasbopHToniLy h xpadpomhy iiot- 
nyHO onpaBAao iioBepeibe Kapat)Opl)eBO, iiociaBHBinH ra khb- 
3051 n^iii cTapeiiiuHOM na^ ii,eJi03i HaxnjoM, a /i,oii,HHJe 1811-Te 



U P H A I' E K A 233 

roAHHe, Kiio fflTO ce bhau h3 Ae^oBOAHor iipOTOKo^ia Kap;il)0|i- 
l)t3Bor CTp. 101 13p. 1157 H 3a hojbcay. A<'6nBiiiii 3;iAaTaK, Aa 
upaHH yTBpl)eH,a y II,pHOJ Peij,n h Baii,n. 

MflJiHcaB je poi^eH y ceAy CyniHun, hciiua M;i;ior Ja- 
CTpeni],(i, Ha CaBiiH a^'h, oa upHAHKe 1762-re roAUHe. Otiiu, 
My ce AOceAHO H3 ByqarpncKe Haxnje, m Ma^or Ko^ainHna, a 
6mo je OA iweMena neKor Hiirtoiie Mapnjiitia, i)6opKHe3a, u.', 
CQAA Be^ior no;ba. Buiio my je luie 'Boptje, a jkohu Br3;iHKii. 

Join Kao MajiH ocrao je MiiAHcaB 6e3 oi].a. MaTH My ce 
noc^ie HeKor Bpeiieaa npeyAa 3a Apyror ^lOBeKa h OAce^n y 
PpeAeTHH (ee^o y MopaBCROM cpesy oKpyra a^ieKCHHaqKur) n 
TaMo H itera ca join xpoje cHTHe AeD,e oAseAe. 

Hoc^e HeKOAHKo roAHHa, oqyx iteroB oa sy^iyaa ryp- 
cKor noderne c nopoAHAOM y ce^o AacoBo, y iI,pHoj Peuii. 
Ty je MajHcaB neKo Bpejie ciyiEHO, h uo mro je 6m speAaH 
H oHciap, Hayqn BHine caMoy^KH KaqapcKH 3aHaT, iia ce saiuii 
OAa H ciaviHO tomo nociiy. /\oi^HHJe, KaA je crao na CHary, 
oateHH ce Ktepjy jeAHur AOMakma n3 HCTor siecTa, kojm je 6uo 
OA HaJHMyiiHHJHX .lyAH y TOMe Kpajy h oHAa OTiioqe TproBaTii. 
3a KpaTKO BpeMe, MoHcaB ce 3aHiia Ao5po n uantje Ha Mac 
y n^pHoj PeuH. 

TproBao je, Kau ihto ripaqajy, ca Bhahhoji, Hmneii n 
BeorpaAOM npe ycxaHKa, u joni y to Ao6a 6e) je Biil)eHa 
^nqHOCT y cbom Kpajy. 

Baoje Hajupe KHes y ce^y, a 1805-Te roAane, Kao raio 
CMO HMa;iH Bet npHAHse a* KaffieMO, nocTaBH ra na3BaHmija 
n 3a o6opKHe3a naA ^e.lOM HaxHJOM. 

]ilel)y THH, OH je Ba3Aa npernocTaBAao ourare HHiepece 
CBOJEM .lOTHHii, H HopeA CBera oAAHKOBaaa h yBaseaa, Koje 
je yaiHBao koa IIa3BaH^Hje a TypaKa, oh HHJe hh 3a ipeHy- 
TaK HanyniTao HAejy ocAo6ot,en.a ii yjeAUHeaa CpncTBa. 4,a 
HHJe TaKBHX .i,yAH 6mo y OBOie Kpajy, Kao uito je 6ho Mh- 
yineaB, II H,eroB parHH Apyr, yBa®3HH nou PaAOcaB, h3 JLaa- 



234 a P H A P E K A 

HHHHue, TemKO xd 6h ce II,pH;i PeKa MOMa peran'ra na otbo- 
peny 6op6y c Typi^aMa. EasBaHi^HJHHa BAa/i,a e Aanac je ocTJua 
y AO^P^j ycnoiieHH y tomg Kpajy. H>era napoA noMHite Kao 
MyApa H iipaBH^Ha qoBeKa, kojh je yaieo A'^ 3aAo6HJe CBaKor 
3a ce6e, a a^ OAcrpaHH ceaqHJH yn^HB ca expaiie. OrvAa h 
BHA0MO MAore I],pHope^aHe y 6op6H ca i],apcKOM bojckom, npn- 
crajytH paAHJe y3 EasBaHi^ajy, oa Kora HHcy Tpne.iH HHKaK- 
BHX syiiyMa hh HenpaBAa, Kan mro cy oa APyrax TypcKHX 
naraa fl,()TAe noAHOCH^n. 

MoHcaB je yqecTBOBao Kao h non PaAOcaB y Bnme 
6ojeBa. j\i\ He noMHiteMo oMaite oojese na IIoji)aHHii,H h Ay- 
KdBnujs. npoTHBy daftCKe BojcKe, Kojy je npeABOAHO no3HaTfl 
sy^yjikp daftCKH Tlypia, oh je cyAeiioBao join y 6ojy Ha 
HBaHK0Bij,y npoTHBy Xaa>HC name , npn ocBojeifcy HapatHHa, 
Paataa e A^eKCHHua; sarHM npoTHB IlasBaHi^iije Ha J^hbijh- 
6apy E upH ocBOJeay BeorpaAa ; na oHAa na EoAropuy, Bp- 
uoBi^y, 3ajeqapy, PyprycoBuy, Ma^aJHHi],H, Be^nrpaqflKy h y 
BHrae npn^HKa Ha Baaa. Bho je y ABa Maxa n paarn. 

PoAUHe 1813-Te 3^0Ko6He, oh ce je yrspAHo y 3aje- 
qapy h 6paHH0 xpa6po obo MecTO. ELanau My je 6eo OHAe, tab 
je A^'Hac cMemTeno Haqe^CTBO h CyA-' 

ELpoiUjio je BeK hcko^hko Aana , nomio je nao He- 
roTHH n XaJAyK Bej>Ko nornHyo, a Mii^iHcaB AOuHJe napeA^y 
leK OHAa, Aa ce HOBAaya npeKO BoAOBi^a k Mopasn. KaA je 



' C-iyinaJH cmo, Aa cy Typuw, iiocjie iiaAa HeroTHHa, yAapiun oiuii ua 
iJpajKorpHau " 3ajeHap. l,Io/ia, BOJnoAa BpaatorpHaiKH, oAcxyiiH oAsiax 
upeKO KiijaKa iiyr JKaiyuime, a Mn;iiican ce jom ApJKao y oajeiajiy. 
uesiiajyhii oiiiina o tom, a* jc XaJAyK Be^KO noruHyo ii Aa je Kpa- 
JHHa ua.Aa. KaA cy Typu,ii 3ay3ejiH 6\ia\\ Beh u bhc KpaAeBimy, Bume 
;Jaje>iapa, oHAa cy iioio^ih BHKaxH 0310, Aa ce upecTaae Aa,Jbe c iiyn- 
ftaBOM , jep je CBe iipoiia,ao, u iiaje BaJAa Biime xytiH ce. Metjy 
raM, Tora Aana, npe Hero uito he MiiAiicait upcKO Hoh OAcryiiHXH, uo- 
FHHC jeAEu laBas xypcKH y iiyniKapaiby, 11 3a to cy UpHOpeiaiiH mo- 
paAH Aouinije Aam TypunMa lAoGe 500 OBBOBa. 

lIllCMU 



UPHA PEKA 235 

crarao na Mopaey, uh^o je Bet KacHO mhc^ihtu Ha KanaB ot- 
nop H OA^jpany. Typu,H cy 6uau say.se.iH He casio EIomo- 
paBJbe HO H BeorpaA- ^yBinii MaAHcaB to na iiyry, pacnycru 
BOJcKy H Kpene ce y Apyin'iBy ca ToraoM uHJiGamoM kh>!i- 
aieBa^KHM h Hhhom 6HM6aui0M 3arpat)CKHM y HaMepu, ,\a ce 
3a ocTH^BM BOJBOAaMa npe6aite na aycrpHJCKy cTpaiiy. Mei)y 
THM Ha /l,yHaBy, HHcy ce momh HiirAe iipeBecTH , jep cy lyp- 
CKe naipo^e CByAa KpcrapHAe. AyTajyhH no IIIyMaAHJH, AO^y 
y ce^o Poraiy, h Ty pasadepy, a^ ce Mory jom jeAuno iipeBecTH 
HerAe oko 06peH0Bi],a. ' 

y AycTpnJH cy h fteiay h ^eroBOM ApyniTBy 0Ay3e;iH CBe 
niTO cy HMa^H. KaA cy My xieM A'^ OAysay n cadjLy bojboa- 
CKy, OH je cKHHyo c fte cpe6po h caiqiHo, a c;i6.i.y upeBHo h 
6a^H0 y OaBy. 

H3 AyexpHJe o'ramao je Ma^HcaB y PycHJy, h /Kuneo 
y KHfflHfteBy ao 1815-Te roASHe. TaMO je AO^HJao oa pycKe 
B-iaAe 600 pyda.ta nensHJe aok ce roA 6aBHo. Te toahho, qyanin 
3a ycTanaK y CpdnJH, not^e naxpar h3 PycHJe npeKO EpAe.La, 
H KaA je Aomao y Be^iy lJ,pKBy, ly ra aycrpajcKa B^acT 3a- 
APJKH c iiyia. IlAyte — 1816-Te — roAHHe AO^HJe A03B0iiy 
Aa MOiKe upeiiH y Cpdnjy, h oh ce npesese nerAe koa Paiia. 

no noBpaTKy cbom y Cpdajy, npnjaBH ce KHe3y Mn^o- 
my, ajiH ne 6yAe npHMAen oHaKo, Kao mio ce naAao ; c Tora 
HayMH y noqeiKy A'I ce npeAa Typi^iMa, h a^ ce BpaTH y 
lI,pHy PeKy. /l,o6iio je 6m Bet h A03B0^y* oa bhahhckof Be- 



* Kaaty, ah. cy iiaaTH^H e>HX ipojai^asa npeeos Ha^aiiny 50 AyKaxii, na 

H TO jeABa cy ra mofjih Haha. 
2 AoHocHMO oBAe y npeBOAy oa T. A^eKce naHuhy, ceKpexapa Muim- 
CTapcTBa Cno^HHX uoc^OBa, iihcmo Besapa BaAHHCKor: 
IleuaT. MEXMEA TYS&A^ IIAIIIA, aa i'a Bor VAOCTOja cboje mujooth. 

Esesy Ma^iHcaBy, h3 ce^a yiacoBa, y LtpHopeHKOJ uaxiiju, Kojii je ii<> 
6offiMJeM Hape^eay cboj aasHiaj ociaBuo, Hena je aaaao : 
^yo caM, Aa 6h ace^eo BpaTHxa ce y cnoj sasH^aj ; ho Aa cii noA^erao 
HeKOM cxpaxy m HeKoj cyiiftn, iia c xora He CJiein xo Aa yqiiitmii. 



235 UP HA PEKA 

3Hpa AxMeAa Pya^Aii name ; a^n ce noc^ie noKaje a ocxaHe 
y CBH^ajiiHi],y, r^e je nacTaBHO CBOJ crapH KaqapcKR sanaT. 
Ilocao My je nniao TaKO Ao6po, /i,ace je 3a KpaiKo epoMe npH-iaqno 
saHMao. To^uHe 1821-Be noAnrao je y PecaBH npBy cTpyaa- 
Himy qaaoBHX A^icaKa y Bpe^y a Aoii,HBJe h y TiioqaHHi^H, n 
TO Ha oHaj HaqnH, Kao mro je HMao npoHKe ji,ii bmah to y 
EpAe^y. Ta pa^ifca noAHwa ra je hmobho, a oh je ao cmpth 
HHJe ocTaBJLao. 

MoHcaB je 6ho pacTa BHcoKor, ninpoKHX npcMJy h n^ieta, 
capasiepHO nyH, u,pHOMaH)acT, o^ajy KpynHHX, (JpKOBa n o6pBa 
TaHKHX, Ayroo6pa3acT, 6e^or amu^h m oniTpor noMeAa. 

CBarAa je 6ho osdHAan, h KaA je hito roBopno — to 
je 6n;io camra^eHo. 

Biio je rocTonpHMAHB h A^ipeffi^HBe pyKe. Hnje oho OAan 
HopoLiHMa, HHTH je OHO ce6HqaH H rpa^jiHB Kao M^iore Boj- 
BOAe H3 OHor BpeMena. 36or TOTa, Kao h 36or cBOJe iipaBn- 
qHOCTH H ^inqne xpa6poeTH, saAodno je 6ho onniTy Ay6aB CBora 
uapoAa. 

j\osRRBGo je Ay^OKy CTapocT H yfflp'o y CBHAaJHHH,y 26 

MapTa lS32-re roAHHe, rAe je h caxpaaen c Aecne CTpane 
UPKBe. ' 



Cbg niTo je oiuo npe, to je fiw.io no 6o;khjoj HapeA»'>n. Cxape ciBapa 

OiiAG cy H iipouiAe, H oHe cy iipeAaxe 3a6opaBy. 

Th h Te6H paBHif, cbh cxe HiraK Ao6pa h iiocaymHa paja nanier npe- 

MiuocTiiBor H CBeiioheor napa h AooporBopa 

H Te6n, Kao h cniiMa octa.iHM APyuM, upamTaM CBe iiixo je 6n.io. II 

TH Kao 11 ocTa^a paja HeMOJTe ce hh uaJMaae uAnrnvna n cyiiBaTH, 

Bet ciioKoJHo npaTiire ce y CBOjy iiocToj6HHy, npoBOAare 6e35pii;RHO 

Aaee, paA'iTe CBojy 3eM;i>y h ocTa;ie nocjone h ina^HTe Ton^e iiOAHTBe 

caeBHUiaeM sa Ayr subot cy^ixaaoB. 

3a TO je HaiiHcaia h iioc^iara oBa SypyHXHJa, Koja KaA oyAe AO B'IC 

Aouua, bh ce no H>oj BAaAajxe. 

11 ;JH.ixiii,ie 1233 roAHue (iiu HaaieM 1816-Te roAH"e). 

Biioipa<Mijy BOJBOAC MH^HcaBa, aouochmo iio iipH4aH.y ceAor cTapuHB 

r. Miuoma, H>eroBor ciina ILewy HMaao Aa 6.iaroAapHMO h 3a HSKe no- 

AUTKe, Koje CMo OA H>era ao6iuh ii uoc.iya;Hjin ce na cbom iiecTy. y 

cBoje MjiiAO Aooa, r. Mii.iom HMao je npn.iHKe Aa Aosaa u.iore CTBa- 



U 1' H A l^ E K A 23 7 

CaMO je roAHHy A:iHa HaAJKHneo CBor paxHor Apyra iioiia 
PaAOcaea, m H^aHHHHue, Koju ce je no noBpaiivy m Pyaije, 
BpaTHo y cBoje ce^io, TAG je h ywp'o 1831-Be roAQHe. Oaxp;i- 
ftOH je KOA upKBe rp^nniKe, anaqaJHe no tomo, m-ro ce je ly npun 
uyT 3aqe^a MHcao y I],pH0J Penn o ycraHKy na TypKe 1805-Te 
roAHHe. Ty ce je 3aBepH0 non PaAocaB ca Mn^ncaB-.M n Hbkom, 
Aa te aajeAHH^KH paAHTH na oc^iorjoijefty II,pHe Pokg, Kan mTu 
cy TO H yqiiHH^H, ne AoatHBeBmii 1833-Ly roAnny, KaAa je 
CHHy^a c^o6oAa ftaxoBOM saBiqajy. 

HeKa je ainp nene^y Bpcnmi cHHOBUMa oBe seM.ie, Kojy 
cy OHH tojIhko jby6uAn ! 



IIpe^aanMo A'' roBopniio caAa u Apyroai jeAHOM bojboah 
y n,pHOJ Pei^H n to o IleTpy "BoptjeBnty, xaKo 3Ba- 
HOM IJ[o AH. 

Kao niTO naiyi je nosnaTo, y npBO Ao6a, nocae OA^acKa 
Be^KOBor y PyprycoBait h Baay, nociao je 6ho y Il,pHnj 
Pen,H KHe3 naA u,e.iioM naxnjoM Mn^mcaB. 

/l,on,HHJe iSll-Te roAnne Ii,apatjopi)e noAe^n D^pny PeKy 
na ABe naxHJe : SajeiapcKy n BpamorpnaqKy. 

HaA sajeqapcKOM naxHJoM, nocTaBH Eapal>opl)e 3a Boj- 
BOAy Mn^ancaBa, Kao inTO ce bhah h h3 AHn^ioMe, Kojy cmo 
paHHJe H3HeyiH. Y itoj ce no6pajajy peAOM CBa ce^a y I],pHoj 
Pei],H, Koja Ao.aa3e y SajeqapcKy naxHJy. 

HaA BpaajorpnaqKOM naxnjoM naK nocTaBHO je hcto TaKo 
Kapai)0pt)e l^OAy, kojh je nsnajnpe 6ho noTqiiteH BeAKy, a 
Aon,HHJe Mn^HcaBy. ILera, Kao n jom Apyre neKe BOJBOAHne, 



pH H3 AoOa iipisor ycTanKa, Hemxo oa cnora oii;a, a hcidto h3 npuqafta cy- 
BpeMeHHKa y Upaoj PeiiH, y Kojoj je oh Ay^e npeiie Kao Tpronau iipo- 
6aBH0 join iipe 40 ro/iHHa, Ka^a cy iiaxoM cbh paTHimn h3 tora Ao6a 
6hjh acHBH H saApHta.iii y CBeatoj yciiOMeHH iiaxfte ii Heno-i.e. Koje 
cy noAHe^iu y paTOBHJia. Ha saxxen r. Mii^oma niTajinaMO ii cp.a ao- 
KyjieHTa, sa aepHOCT iHJy jaMiuMo. 



238 UPHA PEKA. 

Koje je Kapal)opi)e 6ho HcnocTaBAao y iiocwieAiteB peMe, BejtKo 
KpcTH njiGHOM KOKomapa. 

HcnpBa 1J.0XA. je 6ho xaj^yK, npe nero iuto Le ce 
AhIiu niyMaAnja. A KaA ce saKpaJHHH y UlyjiaAHJE, Metiy o- 
cragiHM APyrHM Ao6poBOAi],HMa y Kapai^optieBoj BOJcii,n, kojhx 
je uH^o y noTieTKy h3 cBHJy KpajeBa TypcKe h AycrpHJe, duo 
je n l^OAa. 

Kao 6opai; jom m npBor Kpaja, yqecTBOBao je y Bnrae 60- 
jeBa : na HBaHKOBi],y, npn ocBOJeay llapatHHa, Pa^aa, Aj,eK- 
cHHi].a, H Haj.saA hcto laKO 3Ha ce, A'I je 6w) 1807-Me roAnne 
npn ;}ay3eiiy Beorpa-Aa. 

Te roAHHe, KaA je nao BeorpaA, Kapai)opt)e aoA'T- nony 
PaAocasy h Mn^iHcaBy, lael^y ocTa^iHia APyrnMa, KOJe cmo mh 
Bet HOMeny^H, n l^oAy, Aa h oh notie ca itHMa a^ A^^J ^WJ 
PeKy, uo mTO je 6no h3 Tora Kpaja. 

Oa Tor AO^a, I^OAa je 6no j^oeqkaq 3ajeAH0 ca BeibKOM, 
a nocie h ca MiuncaBOM Kao no'FmiteH. KaKo npnqajy, 3a cbb 
TO BpeMe xpa6pu ce cByAa 6opHO. C Tora 6yAe nocraBjteH 
OA Be^Ka najiipe sa uHMoamy/ 3ajeAH0 ca join MHornina Apy- 



' r. MiMiiLemih ea cxpaHii 913 cBor j\eAA »KHeatei!iiHa CpSnja,* bqaw. na 
jeAHOM MecTy, A.a je Ilexap iDoptieBuh, I^o^a, 6ho Hajnpe BOJBOAa y 
Paaitby, a iioc^e je iipeMemTeH y I],pHy PeKy, y niaHan; naBpaatorpHuy. 
KoAHKO Mil oiiei 3HaM0, l^OAa je 6ho npocT bojhhk AoOpoBOJtau, cbb 
AOK Hiije iioniao c Be^Koji y lJ,pHy PeKy, h xy je xeK nocxao onM6a- 
iiioM. ,l,onHnje, nocAe 4 roAHne, Kapatjoptje ra iiocxaB^ba sa BOJBOAy 
upa/KoipuaMKor ii KOjiauAaHia yxBpt^eita na xom Kpajy. 
r. MiLiiihoBiih, no CBOJ npiuiiu,H, qyo je, Aa je 6no eeKn l,IoAa, y pa- 
JKaifcCKOM Kpajy, 11 Ap'Kao je, Aa je to onaj hcxh Ilexap 'Bopt^eBuh, 
I,IoAa. Saa ce, Aa je h3 ce-ia Bo6oBumTa, 6ho y npBO Bpeiie neKu Cto- 
jaH l,IoAa, Kora je BoJBOAa MjaAen, no ocBojeity KpyraeBua, nocxaBno 
3a oHMilamy n npnHpeMeaor cxapeuinny HaA jeAHHM aqaou AjeKcnna'i- 
Kor oKpyra OHaKo, Kao nixo je nocxaBno y MopaBCKoii cpesy OKpyra 
AjeKCHua'iKor 3a cxapeuiiiue xomc napoAy : oApaKKa, na Teuinu,e n 
'I.)opl)a Miipouiimua, H3 ce^ia Mpco^a. To iiocxaBvLaH>e naBpmeHO je y 
ManacTHpy cb. PoMany, I'AC je oho ca MAaAeuoM xaAa h Ilexap J[,o- 
Cpifcai;, n;iHJa BapjaKxapoBu^ 11 CxeBan Pecawau — cbh bojeoac. TaAa 
je nocxaBACH 3a oHMoamy y paffiaBCKOj naxHJH h TJopt/e Kparnh, n3 



U 1' H A P E K A 239 

THMa H3 Tor Kpjija, Mel)y KOJHMa ce nnjiiifLy : Xjiiju Hiik(i;iji 
BomiftaK, * ^ana JlaBAOBnli, h3 SeesAaHa ii neKH ^paraa H. 

KOie HHCMO MOMH A03HaTH H3 KOF je MGCTa UHO ', 3a THM 

ELeTKO BacHAHJeBHK, h3 3arpat)e, kojh je xpa6po iiurHHyo A"U- 
HHJe Ha BeAHrpaqHKy, h neKH MapnHKo IleTpoBiiL, kojh ce je 
Hpo3Bao can BOJBOAa IlnpoTCKH. Itera cy Typmi 1813-Te 
roAHHe npeBapuM yxBaTH^in y 3Be3/i,aHCKiiM iiHBHiii;aMa, oABe;in 
y Bhahh, h TaMo norydn^H a Te;io My 6auHAii y /],yHaB.' 

OceM OBHM dHMoama, Koje je BejtKo nocTaBiio kii,\ je 
Aomao y l],pHy PeKy iipBH nyi, Ba^a HaM cuoMeHyTH join 
jeAHor 6HM6aniy, kojh je caMo KpaiKo BpeMe 6110 y I^pnoj 
Peii,H, na je o^ai^e OTHinao y ByrapcKy, n BpaTHBniH ce oTy^a 
noc^e HeKor Bpeiena norsHyo y I],pHOJ PeAi. 

To je 6ho n a n a 3 r ;i y , no KasHBaity ByrapHH, m Cxy- 
AeHor Byqja, y ByrapcKoj. 

npe ycraHKa na A'^^^je, cajtreo je y Kpya^iijaiia, h 
OA^Tjie — Baj>Aa y hcto speMe Ka^ h KoHAa — iipel}e Ka- 
paljopl^y H cTane y AoCipoBO^ue. 

Bhao^h cmo, KaKo je H3Me^y ocia^nx Apyr^x jLyAH, n 
nana30My oinmao ca BejbKOM n MnAHcaB0M y l],pHy PeKy 
180 7 -Me roAHHe, h laMo je nocrao ^HMoamosi. EoniTo je y 
HeKOiiHKO OHO oqHmlieH xaj Kpaj oa TypaKa, Ilanas-oMy iipeije 
y ByrapcKy c join neKHMa, AoxBaiH ce Ba^Kana h cpetiHO y 
npBH Max Aocne ao hoa n^aHHHy BHiom. HaMepa My je 6fl^a, 



ce^a CKO])Hu;e. Casio niTO oeaj nHCjeAftn Haje fuio Kue3 uha pa»an>- 
CKOM HRxiijoM, Kao DiTO TO TEp^u 1'. MajniheBflh ua cxp. 7ii2 CBor AC/ia. 
Bet KHesMiuiiih, m 'EuheBi;a (Paaoopb coiiineHifl H. A. IIoiioBa crp. 121). 

niicau. 

^ To je OHaj hctu X. HMKo^ia, CapajjHJa, Kora r. MnjaheBiiti, no Ka3ii- 
Ban^y cyBpeMeHHKa JoKwha, noMiiae y cbom AeAy. Oh je 6110 cBy.\a ca 
Be-i-KOii ne pacxaB^ajytH ce HarAe oa H>era, AOKde niije 11 iiorHuyo 
1813-Te roAHHe na ocxpBy Uope^y. 

Oh je IHHBO H one syAyjie HapOAy, Koje noiinfte Kaput^oplje y iiiicMy 
CBOM KHesy MHJHcaBy. 

' IlMa H AaHac y Hiipoxy noxoaaKa OBor MapiiHKa. 



240 U, P HA P E K=A 

Aa no6yHE Baropje h ;ta ocao6oji,e cboj Kp;ij 04 TypaKa. IIo- 
3HaT y HapoAy paqynao je, Aa he caB HapoA ahctom yaa itTa 
npncTara; a^H ce je y Ha^H npeBapHO. 

Ho npnqaity, oh je 6m chh jeAHor cBeteHHKa. O'rai], ay 
je ()no EMytaH h yEaaten y napoAy. Ka^ je crarao y CBOj 
saBHqaj, CKyoHo je jeAHy 'jexy ^yAH, cnadAeo je ao^Phm ko- 
H>HMa H opyatjeM, a oAnoqeo qoTHnqKy 6op6y c Typn^aa. 

A;iH Taj ycraHaK 3a miAO je xpajao. ycraHHii^ 6yAy na 
JBAHOM Mecry onKOibeHn oa TypaKa TaKO necpetiHo, a^ je jeABa 
HanasoMHJy M('n;ao 3a pyKOM, Aa ce npo6irje c ABanaje- 
CTOpHI^OM JbJfl,E, H CpeiiHO CTHIHe Ha CpnCKO 3eMjLHniTe. Bp;i- 

TMBHiH ce OTyAa, oh ce npnjaBH ]j[oah c naMepoM, Aa ce n 
j\-\jbe 6opB[ npoTHBy TypaKa. 

IIpnnoBeAafy, KaA ce je Eanas-OMy noBpaTHo h3 By- 
rapcKe, h KaA je Aomao y Bpaatorpnau, Aa cy ce ahbh^^h 
Haraii BoJHHi^n aeMy h JLyAHMa, Koje je oh aobso oiyAa. Hnje 
ce 3Ha.ao, mia je ^enme na ftniaa noMeAaiH. H oh n ae- 
roBH jtyAH 6iiAE cy cbh y qoxy h s^ai'o oAeBeHH. JamaiiH cy 
aTOBe, H CBitKH je hocho 3a nojacoM cpedpaaKe nnniTOJte, a 
y3 TO HMa^iH nymKe h ca^^e 3AaT0M Be3eHe. 

IJ^oAa HO^aaKOMH ce na obo^hkh cjaj h HapoAH cbojhm 
AyAHMa, Te Jlanas-orjia jeAne HotH na cnaBaay y^njy. * H)e- 
roBH jtyAH BHAeiiH KaKO hm je npomao boI), pasderny ce KyA kojh. 

Kaaty, Aa je naHa3-0My 6no jeAan oa H;!Jxpa6pHJHX ityAH 
BeAKOBHX. Oh ce je oA^HKOBao csyAa y 6ojeBHMa. KaA roA 
je Tpeda^io qapKy oTBopiiTH c Typi^HJia, ca neKHH "R-Hpoii, 
Mhhom h XaJAyK Bcakom iipBH je ESAmEO, a hcto TaKo KaA 
on ce jypHin y TypKe qHHHO, m naje nnrAe BeibKa 0CTaB.i,ao. 



' Uo ApyniMa, Ilanaa-or.iy 6ao je y6njeH koa ,»KpH.e Jeae*^ y pecancKOJ 
ii.iauiiuii, 110 iiapeAOH Ileipa Ao6pH>ua ii Be^Ka, aa to, idto ce je 6110 
iipoMyo CM ciioia jyuauiTua. 

Ilucau,. 



UPHA PEKA 241 

Ho OB) je caMo jeA<iH (>a mhophx npHMepn, iiitm cm** ra 
H3He;iH Aa npecTUBHMo ceCnqnocT h rpa()JLUBocT i,[«M.iiH\. Un^a je 
6ho, KaKo ce o H>eMy roBopn csyAa y l],pHoj Peiui, y >nimui iiocBe 
HHCKor KapaKTepa; lyKao je a y^HJao cBoje ^y^e Mecio 3a 
HaJMaH>y KpHBHuy, a y dojeBHMa c TypitHMa cBy (m iiJLaqKy 
ce^H npncBajao. Mel)y thm, HHJe ce x-reo Kao Xaj^yK B(i.LK-i 
y noc^e^ite Bpeiwe HHrAe Hs^araTH oiiacHocm, hmth ce iipiiia iuto 
BeroBoj xpa6pocTH oa OHor Ao6a, no niTo je ji,o6m 3a BoJBOAy. 

HMa BHme iipmiepa , Kuje on momii naBecTH , iutu cmo 
c;iyina.iH jom o iteroBoj cypOBOCTH h HeMHJiocpAHOM nucrynaity ca 
BoJHHi^nMa, KoJH cy c^iyainjiH no^ H>eroBOM KOMaHAoM. Hu Aocia 
lie 6wm E OBaj jeAan 3;i caAa, kojh ra Bp^o pl^aso KapaKTepanie. 

JeAHOM npH^HKOM HanaAHe IJoAa 6e3 HKaKBa CTBapna 
pasjiora CBor jeAnor 6s^6amj AaHy EaBjioBalia , n3 3Be- 
3AaHa. /l,aHa je 6ho AsmuvL npHJai'ejL Be^KOB , BeoJia xpa- 
6ap H nomTOBaH y bojcii,h. ^patetn a^ ra je IJoAa ne- 
npaBO Hanao, 6paHHo ce pe^HMa, EaKo je 3Hao, h HaJ3aA AO^e 
H fl,o Tora , A3 ce ohh cnope^Kajy. Ha jeAan Max IJoAa 
BHKHe Ha CBOje nanAype, xe Aaay, hh KpnBa he AJ^^Ha, 
laKO rpo3HO HciyKy, Aa My je rnxo ho Kamy, cBana koct cao- 
MHJena 6aA'A. Oa 'remKHX yAapaii,a, oh je laKO y rpo3HHM My- 
KaMa ^e^ao y ^oropy, Aooe naje poA^nna H>eroBa Aoni^a n 
oAHej^a ra Kytn. Hicy ra momh, Be;ie, APJK^e OAHern, ho y 
noaanaMa. KpaiKO je BpeMe nponijo H3a lora, h oHJe yMp'o 
y CBOM cejiy, rAe je h caxpaaeH. 

To je jeAan oa M^ioriix npnMepa, Kao mio peKOOio, niTo 
ra MH H3HecM0 jom o cypoBocm JJoaqhoj. 

36or oBaKHX aeroBHX rpo3HHX nociynaKa, oh je uno ty- 
ateH H Kapatjoptiy h CeHaiy ; a^a My nucy xie^n Huraia qnHn'iii, 
jep je crajao Ao^po koa o6oJHi;e x. j. h koa M^iaAena h koa Kii- 
pai)opi)a. Bhah ce h no lOMe, mio je oh, nopeA cBnjy ly- 
ffiada, ociao a Aa^e na cbom Meciy — CBe ao npoiiacTH 
1813-Te roAHHe. 

16 

OACHIIK LIV. 



242 UP HA PEKA 

y aocAQA&e Bpeie, JJ-^jm Ka^ je fl,(^6m 3a BojBOAy, 
crpafflHo je Mpsao BeAKa a n oeaj itera. Mpataa HSieljy abo- 
JHi],e BOJBOAa, npem^ia je dn^ia y neKOjiHKO h ea BojcKy TaKo, 
Aa cy ce y noToae Bpeie abb Haj6jiHme bojckg cMaip.ue Kao 
3aBat)eHe, a bojhhii,h BeAKOBH c iipespeiteM taqX'^ah JJojijAEe 
BoJHHKe. Ako uh vji,QTOfl, o6a/i,Be BojcKe Ha je/i,HOM Meciy cra- 
HOBajie, JJ.oxd A^ 6ji naasBao pHBajiHTei y bojci],h, h xd 6e 
uMa^OBaaiHo BeAKa h iteroBy BojcKy, ii3a6pao on qecTO uo 
KaKBor Bjiaxa, kojh 6h yMeo, peiWMo, 6ai],aTii ce An6\io KasieHa, 
H nosHBao BejLKOBe bojehkb CBaKojaKHM sajeAJiftHwa ji,?i My 
H3Ht)y Ha MerAaH. Ho Be^LKO h y xnMe Me^ao je /i,a HaAMamH 
cBora npuTUBHUKa. Oh 6h yneK uMao y CBOjoj bujcuh npHnpaBHO 
Jbjfl,e, KcJH 6h A^cKo^H^n IJ^oAH, H ocyjeTH^H HjeroBe cmepoBe. 

OBaKMX npHMepa naia a Bume ; hae hb caiaTpaMo 3a BpeAHo 

H3H0CHTH HX. 

JI,0CTa TO Aa crioMBHOMO jom na noc^ieTKy, KaKo je pt^aso no- 
CTynaH)e IJoahho ca BOJHHUjaMa yqann^o, tb cyra noHajdo^H ^yAi 

H paTHHUH H3 II,pHB PbKB y nOC^BA^B BpBMB IIO^BjIH OCTaBjLaTH 

M npBjiasHTH MH^HcaBy n^n BBjiKy, kojh cy 6iiAii omhabhb ^ih^- 

HOCTH. BbAKOBH BOJHHUH, 6n^H Cy AOC>PO HapaaeHH H OAeBBHH, 

a H KaA 6n C6 min oa TypaKa 3an.tBHn^o, oh 6ii a^^iho cBa- 
KOMB no 3ac^y3K. MBtjy thm, ^Ioahhh bojhhu,h, tphb^h cy ocKy- 
AHi],y H cbb hm ce OAy3HMajio, mio 6h 3aAouH^H y 6ojy. 

KaA je I^OAa Aomao y Upny PBKy, 6no JB bbL Accra 
y roAHHaiia. Poaho ce je, ko.ihki) cmo hsbbhitbhh c Aocia no- 
y3AiiHB crpaHB, y cBAy KyiaJHH, y I],pHoj Pbu,h, 6^H3y a^i- 
HaniHjB BpecTOBaqKB 6aH>e. To ce^o A^iHac hb nocTOJn, BBt cb 
caMO MBCTO TAB JB 6hJ0 CBJO, 30B6 „CeAHmTB." Oa npn^HKB, 
no Ka3HBaH>y, 3a bpbmb KoqHHB KpaJHHB, sana^B Typu,H hcto 
CB^o, H HopuAHua l^oAMHa, npBCB^in ce OAa'MB y ce^o CTpaio- 
CTBH, d.iHsy ManacTHpa ManacHJB y PBcaBH. C^yatno je Haj- 
npe y cbom ce;iy, iia ce no tom oAa xaJAyKOBaay, h y tomb npd- 
bbo je HBKOJHKO TOAHHa, A^K HHJe OAnoqeT ycranaK na ^axHJB. 



U P H A P E K A 243 

PoAHHe lS18-Te 3AOKo6He, kjia ce je Be.i)Ko hjuimuho y 
o^aJHOM CTcifty, 6paHeliH ca inaKOM Jbjfl,w. HeroxHH, IJoAa, Ma 
;^a HHJe HMao npeA co6om Be;iHKy cHjiy TypcKy, Hiije My xieo 
Kao Haj6iiH^u oabojhth mio oji, cBoje BnjcKe m iiocTiaTH y no- 
Mot, BeL je ceAHo Mnpno AOK^e Huje nao HeruTHH, a uocjie 
ce je KTKaBHqKH noB^aqno Ka KnjaKy nyr Omoackhx n^a- 
HHHa, HanycTHBfflH Bpaatorpna^Ka yTBpl)eiLa. Ca KnjaKa <>a- 
crynao je cBe Ay^-^^e, aok HHJe A<'niao HaJ3aA h ao 3Kary- 
6ni],e, OAaKjie My BOJCKa npcne na CBe crpane jya Tpaatn cB^je 
iiopoAiii],e, Koje cy ce cooHH;ie 6EAe HaJBnuie no aAammaMii 
y noaK,apeBaqKoj h 'UynpHJcKoj HaxnJH. Hs 5Eary6ime OAe 
y cejio CxpMOCTeH, a OAaxwie y n.iaHQHy, rAe ce je EpHo 
OA TypaKa CKopo roAHHy A^na. Bho je Bet ucrapiio, o6oAeo 
H usneMorao. Typi^H AOsnaBinH 3a H>era, napeAe noiepy, h KaKu 
npnqajy, caiH B^acH H3 Tora Kpaja yuii.iH cy ra y jeAHOJ 
neLHHH.' — 

Meiiy ocravinM ApyrsM dopi^eia 3a oe^odotjeite y iipBOM 
ycTaHKy, dn^o 6n rperano ne Kasaxn rnxo h o APyruM Am- 
HOCXMMa H3 II,pHe PeKe, eojh HcxuHa HHcy 6\mn oa BeLer no- 
jioaiaja y speMe Kapai^opljeBO, a^H cy HiiaK snaxHii Kao 6upmi 
H no3HaxH jbjAVL y ri,pHopeqKOJ naxnJH, a xn cy : BorAan Jan- 
^Hil, H3 3Be3AaHa, XaJAyK EaBKO, fl3 AacoBa „oco6eHHX no- 
pyqeHHJa;" AxanacKO H., h3 KpnBor Bnpa, Aor.iaBHii uy.LyK- 
6ama; Kocxa H. m H^HHa, Toma H. h3 TpAaita, M^aAeH 
H. H3 TpjiHinxa, h AonaAax H. m HoAropua — cbh 6yjbjK- 
6i\me BOJBOAe Ma^ncaBa ; 3a thm Mumo MH^iomeBflL, m Kpn- 
Bor Bnpa, nncap MoHcaBAeB, e oa xo^^Hja no3Haxnx: /Kn- 
BaH Po^yooBHt, H3 TitjiHiuxa, nays MH^ieHKOBnt, m A"'<5py- 



Oa Apynix CMO cAymadu. Aa ra je jeAau iteroD cecrpnh y6no, jep mv 
ce AocaAHJO 6»ao no iipasy iiti: y noxepy aa yjuKOM h iipHKpnBaTii ra. 
Met,y TMM u CyjeJMaH iiaraa, H3Aao je 6no cxpory napeA6y, Aa ce IJoaa 
no niTO no to Mopa yxBaxum. 

Hucau. 

10* 



244 UPHAPEKA 

jeBi^a, TpjiJH^o EpBy^oBflli, m III.tHBapa, ^^odoniap 'Bopi)e 
roJKOBKli, H3 AacoBa. ^oii,HHJe, noc^e npoiiacxH IS-ie roAHae, 
Hcraqy ce y IJ,pHoj Pei],H Kao BaljeHHJe ^nqnocTH ^o 1833-lie 
roAHHe HapoqHTO obh : S^paBKO h C'raHOJe dpatia MapKOBnliH — 
iKnBy;iOBi],n — nsProTHne, CraHHcaB H. h3 II^iaHHHHi^e, Kapa6ara 
MH^ieia, H3 KpHBor Bnpa o6opKHe3 CnMa Hmko^hIi h3 3ajeqapa. — 

3ApaBK0 je poljen oa npn^HKe 1770-Te roAnee y ProTHHH. 

Hajnpe je CjiyatHo y HacMaHunJHHHM Kpija^'aiia, h 60- 
pno ce npoTHBy napcKe BOJCKe ca ocTa./iHMa APyrHMa m lora 
Kpaja, KOJH cy noinuMara^H nacMaHi;iHJy. 

/l,oi],HHJe 1807-Me roAHHe, KaA je BejLKo ca Mn^HcaBOM 
Aomao y I],pHy PeKy, Met)y iipBHMa m Tora Kpaja, kojh cy npH- 
CTa;iH Aa ce 6ope c Typi],HMa, bhahmo h 3ApaBKa. Oa to 
AOua, na CBe ao nponacTM 1813-Te roAUHe, oh je 6ho dopaii, 
II OA^HKOBao ce CByAa y paxoBBMa. Biio je h 6yjiyK6ama Be^tKOB. 

KaA je y apBOM ycTanKy cBe npona^io na loie Kpajy, 
BHAeiiH Aa My Typi^a rpo3e CMpLy, npe6erHe y AycTpujy ca 
jdin HeKHMa h3 Il,pHe PeKe , a OAai^e iipet^e y B^iamKy, 
H leK iiocjie roAHHe A^na Bpain ce y ProTHHy, no mio ce je 
CBe yritiuajio, rAe je neKo Bpeie atHBeo na MHpy oa TypaKa. 

y TO Ao6a, Kao mio iipHqajy, nopia napeAH, a^i ce hc- 
Kyue CBH no3HaTHJH sy^yjitapH Kpi^ajHJe, Koje je noc^e CBp- 
meeur paia 6H^a pacaycTH^a, jep joj HHcy BHine Tpe6a;iH, 
n iionijLe hx y AAJiKa^e h fl,\m. yJ,yHaBa Aa qyaajy ceBepny rpa- 
HHity OA aycTpnjcKe h pyBiyncKe cTpane. THMe je XTe^a yjeAHO 
II Aa ce onpocTH obhx 3AiiK0Bai],a, kojh cy naJBHHie A'»ca^H- 
BiUH HapoAy. HeKo BpeMe qyaa^a cy ohh rpaHHuy h yiBp- 
l)eH>a Ha /l,yHaBy, na im ce AOcaAH muhotohh atHBOT, hito cy 
ra npoBOAHAH h Kpeny ce Haipar y ApnayT^iyK. Bhahhckh Ilania 
A03HaBfflH TO, HapeAH Jiyce^HMy sajeqapcKOM, fl,a hx BpaTH 
HaTpar. HeiajyliH aobojlho 3anTHJa, Myce^iHM OApeAH y no- 
Tepy 3a Kpija;iujaMa h MHore Cpue, h3 II,pHe PeKe, kojh cy 
no3HaTH 6h;lh h3 noc^eAfter paTOBaH,a. 



U P II A P E K A 245 

IIopeA ocTiUHX Apyrnx Ay^n h3 i\\)m PeKe, k<>jh ry 
roHH^H ApHayre Kpi^;uHJe, mh hem cnoMeHVTii paAii iipiiMej'a 
caMo 4B0JHny: 3ApaBKa, o komg je pei, n neiidr Mapna, o()(»- 
jimy n3 ProTuee. Ohh cy 3a nac iioHaJBaatHiiju. Myce^iiMV hc- 
naAe 3a pyKOM, re 3a KpaTKO npeiie casiiaAa Kpijajuije ii 

BpaTH HX Ha H>HXOBy Ay^HOCT. 

H aKO je 3Ap:iBK0 nniao y noTepy no saiiOBecTH TypcK'T 
CTapeniHHe, nnaK ce Cojao ocBeie, jep je HMao npu^iiiKe jta- 
HHJe Aft ce yBepn Ha ApyrnMa, -re 3a to ce ne cjieAe y iipBu 
Max BpaTHTH y ce^io, BeL ce sajeAHO ca cbojhm cejLaKOM Maj*- 
KOM OAMe're y xaJAyite. ^yBOiH to Myce^HM, Aa oh hx saAoGun 
3a cede, H3paAH mm mhjioct koa name, h oBaj hx no30Be k ceCn 
y Bhahh Ail- My Aoljy h to uoa opyaijeM. KaKO cy ohh oujh 

CTaCHTH , H OTpeCHTH AyAH, - TO HX OH 3aB0^e U OUpOCTH 

HM KpHBHuy. KaA je XTeo a^^ hx OToycTH KyhaMa, napeAH 
BAaAHitH, TO MapKii, KOJH je 6ho nonoB chh, aanonn,' a 3ApaBKy 
noKiioHH Ka^naK h oApeAH ra, A'' tohh h j[ajbG xaJAVKe h He- 
Bajba^e AyAe.* Ty je c^yatdy oh oTnpaBAao HeKo Bpejie, h KaKo 
npnqajy, hoa bhaom xaJAyKa h leBa.'ba^HX Ay ah, oh je no- 
y^HJao H Mjiore Cp6e, na Koje ce HOA03peBa;io Aa niypyjy c 
Typu,HMa. IIpeA CBojy ciapT, oa npH.iHKe Ha 10 roAnna, ho- 
ByKao ce y MnpaH jkhbot, jep je Bet 6ho ocTapeo hh 3HeMorao. 



' H)eroB je ynyK r. CxaHoje MapKOBwh, CBcfceuHK y ProxHHH. 
■^ ^a je iiopxa 3a roueae xaJAyKa, yawMa^ia y cdyac6y h xpiiiiihaHe, bii.ui 
ce H H3 OBor HSBeiiiTaja, mio ra iioahoch Kiieay IIposopoKCKOM 1808 r. 

lIOCjaUHK POAO<rHHHKHB. ^B'b HhCC* HaXOAHJOCb HiCKO.ll.KO IlauAvpoBi 

1131, xpHCTiaH't, KOHXT, ofiflsaHnocTb 6u.ia jobhtb pasooiiiiHuom. no ^t- 
caMi H Aopoiajib ; bi. HPAaBueMi. BpejienH iiania iipiiK;i3ad'i. : yAOPAe- 
TBopiiBb iixb sa^iOBaHbeMi pacnyciHib. HiiHAyp". oropHiiHUiHCb ciimi, 
H3fljiii a;eeb, Atien cbomxi h CKOib h iiycxH^ncb uoibKi iib nyxb ki 

cepficKHMb iipeAtaaju 

Pa36op^ coiHHCHiiJ II. A. IIonoBa cxp. 194 h 195. 

y UapoxcKOM Kpajy, xpHuitaoH cy uixa Biiuie Mor.ui Chxh h Kpc cep- 
Aapa. TaKO je oho y xom Kpajy iioauaxii npc cepAap HeACAKO, ua ceaa 
iilyrpHHa, aba i'- M. DitpohaHua. 



246 U P II A P E K A 

Ilpe Hero mio te ce Antn I^pHa PeKa, oh je crajao y CBesH 
ca KHesoM Mn^offleM CBe ao lS33-lie roAnne, a yjip'o je na 
roAHHj ji,imd nocjie xora t. j. ISS-i-ie roAHHe. — 

3aBprayjyliH (5norpa$HJy 3ApaBK0By, petiH heMo jom to o 
fteMy, Aa je 6ho y acHBOiy nanpacHT h a^ HHJe Morao no HapaBH 
cBOJoj HHTAa oTpneTH HenpaBAy Ma oAKora ona AO^asH^a lS12-Te 
roAHHe KaA ey neACjia l^oAHfla y tom Kpajy npeBHcn^a cBaKy 
Mepy, Sap^bko naasoBe ^niaBy nodyny y II,pH0J Peun. Kao 
KOAOBol)e HepeAa n nodyne noMHay ce ca H)HM jom us Tor 
Kpaja : o6op khcs IleTKu ^y^Kan, JoBaH H. h3 BpecTOBi],a, 
Ciojan, cxapn Knes, h3 HoBor Ce^a, h /l,o6pa H. h3 3Be3AaHa. 
Ha no3HB KapaljopljeB, ohh ce nocjie eeKor Bpejiena npeAaAy 
neipy JoKnty, aeroBOM 6yjbyK6amH, kojh hx je cipa/RapHO 
Aonpa'fHo A'» Tono^ie, a OAaMe, no napeA^H Kapat)opi)eBOJ, 
onjH cy nocAaiH y BeorpaA, n saiBopeHH y Ky^n Heoojmn. 
IIofflTo je BMHa KpHBHua Hcnniana, cbh cy 6hah ociio6oi)eHH 
n nyniTeHn KytaMa, ochm JoBe m BpecT0Bn;a. Pecy^Tai OBe 
ncrpare 6no je laj, a^ je Kapai^oplje nncao y jeAHOM cbom nn- 
i-3iy MAaAeny, Aa npeMecxn IJoAy koa bojboag MH^mcaBa, h 
npenopyqno y hcto Bpesie JJ.oj\,e, a^ ce y 6yAyte 6ojbe onxo- 
AH npesia napoAy Kao h a^ ce ysApa^aBa oa pympx ncoBaKa h 
rpAH.a. Ho M^aAen je namao 3a Ao6po Aa 3aApaiii n Aa^e 
Ha CBOM Meciy I^OAy, xe je oh cbojhm nocTynu.uMa nsasBao 
1818-Te roAHHe h APyry nooyny y xoMe Kpajy, na qe^y Koje 
noMHfte ce hckh non SKaBan h3 Bpaatorpnai^a. — 

TojIhko BApaBKy. — 

(B. ,J,e.i. npoT. KapaV'pbeB cxp. 74, 77, 86, 117n 197.) 

Knes GxaHoje MapKOBnti, 6ho je M;iai)H opax BApaBKOB. 
PoAHO ce Hcxo xaKo y ProxHHu, h oa npn^iMKe 3a 10 roAHHa 
uno je oa H>era M^at^n. 

npe Hero mxo tie ce ahJih I],pHa PeKa, GxanojeBa 
nopoAHua oH^ia je ii36erjia oa sy^yiaa xypcKor y noatape- 
BaqKy HaxHJy. Ty je oh y npnn Max CAjuKiio koa HeKaK- 



U P H A P E K A 247 

Ba AOMatiHHa y ce^iy MHAaioBi^y, ne A^i-afK" oa BapouiBue 
^ary()ime. 

KaA je iKiacapeBaqKa BujcKa 180 7 -Me roAJiue icpeuvTa 
6rai\ y iioMoti KpaJHHH, (JTaHOJe OAe na BojcKy, h ua to A"6a 
CBG AO uponacTH cpiicKe AP^aBe, 6m je y ])eAOBUMa uuiuiua 
noA Be^LKOM h MiuHcaBOM, a A"UHHJe u IJ[<ia<im y cBUMa du- 
jeBHMa, KOJH cy ce AoraVun y Thmo^koj Kp;ijnHii. 

y npBoj 3HaMeHHToj 6hti],h Ha Ma^aJHHUH, GraHOJe H3al)e 
Ha Mae ca cBOJe AEnue xpadpocra. Bmt je, khko Ka;!yjy, oa- 
pet^eH ca jom hokiuhko APyroBa, a^ OTBopn 6op6y n a;* sa- 
MBTHG KaBry c Typi^HMa. ^hm cy TypuH iipocyjiH EdKuAmn) 
n^OTyna h3 manqeBa na HpeABOAHnii,y cpncKy, C'raHnjeBH Apy- 
roBH Ha jeAapoA H3ry6e ce neKyA, a oh ocTane can na mhctuhii. 
Ha Ma^aJHHH,H 6no je, Kao hito snaMO, n Kapaijoptje ca Py- 
CHMa. Oh je mia Bnme cam jh^ho HSAanao HapeA^e bojcuh. 
npnqajy, KaKO ce jeAan Typ^HH na Koay 3;i;ieTH0 ji,n C'la- 
Hojy OAceqe r.iaBy, a CxaHoje, Be-ie, npn^erao k" seM.iii, yseu 
Ha OKO TypqsHa h nycrao ra 6^H3y ce6e. KapaV»pbe, kojh je 
TO cna3H0, AP^eiiH a^ ce je CTanoje npeiiao h n3 cTpaxa nao 
Ha 3eMJty, npoAepe ce koahko je irAa Morao c jeAHor BHcn : 
„yAPH Bjame, nocBeTH^a th ce," MHCiieiiH, Aa je CTaHoje B^ax, 
jep ce je hocmo Kao noatapeBaqKH B^iacH. CTanojeBO Aoopo oko 
He npoMamH Typ^HHa, H oBaj naAe c Koaa na seJiAy.' Iloc^e 
CBpfflene ^HTKe, Kapat^optje noxBajiH 3a jyHamTBO CTanoja npeA 



' liMajiH OH BiimeTaKiiHX upHMepu Aa HaneAejio 113 Ma^iajuiiMKe 6nTKe, Koja 
roBope y iipiMor jyaaniTBa cpacKe bojckb sa jipeme iipiior ycxaHKa. 

He he 6aTn c loper, a^ caMojom OBaj iipujiep HaBBAcMo xaJAyKy 
IlaBKy, H3 lipHe PeKe. IIpM jeAHon jypHuiy it HCuaAy cpiiCKe bojckb 113 
raaH^a, agch ce neKaKO, xe ce IlaBKO cyAapa ca cahiim TypHuuoji, kojh 
je *M3uiKH OA ftera 6ho janu. Hajnpe cy ce, KaKO iipaiajy, AOXBaTHJii 
3u ryiue u uoceha ce xaKo 11 iipexypajyhH, cKOop-Bajy ce o6oje y peKV. 
Beaa ux je neua onja Beb noiiaja oa xemnor uomeita. Y loie iiaiil^e 
jeAaH KosaK, kojm y npBii jiax uiije Morao pacuoaiiaxii no oAe.iy (.'p6niia 
OA TypHHHa xe Aa noMorae jeAHOJ n.iii Apyioj cxpamt. Y uoiexKy 110- 



248 Ul-HAPEKA 

BojcKOM, le ce oh npoiy y IJ,pHOJ Penn Kao xpa6ap h oa- 
BaaRan 6opaa. 

npnqajy, fl,SL je y 6hti],h Ha Ma^iajani^H CHiiHa n^aqKa 
Aona^a Cp6nMa. TypD,H cy laKo pasdnjeHH 6i/iAa, a^ HHcy 
HMa.iH BpeJiena a^ cnacy hh Hajodnqnaje Bojene noTpe6e. Je- 
Aan OA BOJcKOBol>a lypcKHx, boaho je 6m ea eo6oM h CBor 
Majior CHHqniia, kojh c^yqaJHo ocraHe y rnaHi^y, a hhko ce 
OA BOJHHKa y xhth>h He cbth a^ ra Hsnece. Ilocjie KpaiKor 
BpeMena, naniH yrjeAajy npeKO no^a jeAHor Typ^nna na 
6e;ioM xaiy, tab ce ynyiHO 6ho Aa H36aBH Aexe. Hamn 
onaje n3 iiymaKa Ha ^era, ho oh HnaK ao6h BpeMena le ao- 
rpa^H ASTe h cpetno, hoa khhiom oa Kypmyjia, noderne, xaKo, 
Aa cy ce cbh qyAMH HSBanpeAHoj H,eroBoj cpetn. Tom npn- 
;iHKoM, npBH, KOJH cy yffl^iH y luaHaii, lypcKH, Hat)y h Kacy c 
HOBU^Ma. TpadeliH ce kojh Le BHine HOBaD,a yseiH, Aoin^io je 
6eao AOMe, A* cy ce KyHAai^HMa TyK^ifl, h y Majio ce HHJe 
Beta Hecpeka AecH^a, a^i hhJg caM Kapai^apte HajcipoatHJHM 
MepaMa tomb nepeAy cxao Ha nyi. HHiepecHo je 6hjio nocMa- 
xpaTH , KaKO npnqajy , ony pasHOJiHKOCT oAe^a y cpncKOJ 
B0Jcu,H, iioc^e CBprnene 6HTKe Ha MajiajnHu,H. IIIto je kojh oa 
xa^HHa lypcKHX sanjteHHo h sarpadno, to je na cede naeyKao, 
He naaetiH na nsdop. HeKo je HMao HSBeaano typqe apnayT- 
CKo OA ^oxe B^axoM Beseno; APyra noxype, xpetiH u,pBeHe 
mime n x. a- h x. a- KaKo je kojh yrpadno. 



cMaipao je upn3op Kao iipocr ivieAa^iau,, iia iioc-ie BHAeha, Aa te jcAua 
cxpuHa caBAaAaTH Apyy. yiiurahe peHHJia : KOTopiu npanocjaBUH ? Ha 
ro ce IlaBKO iipcKpcrii u jubu a* je Cp5nH, Te OHAa Kosas npysa ko- 
iijbe H iipo6ypa3n Typ'uiiia. TaKo ce H36aBH IlaBKo oa oieBHAHe cjipxM, 
H OAe K cuojuMa, Koja cy APJ^aAii a* je neh norHayo. 

IlaBKO je Oho h3 .lacosa. aewy cmo iieh HwaJH iipujuKe Aa roBO- 
pHMO OHAa, KaA cmo rosopHJiH o iipBOM noKpeiy y Upuoj PeuH, y KOJie 
je II OH cyAejiosao ca ocTa^iuMa ApyrHM I^pHopenaHMMa. 

lliicau. 



UPHA PEKA 249 

Ha pjiciaHKy h unpomTajy Kapaljopije oj!arn,],apii Bnj- 
cii,H Ha jyHaqKoM ;],|iacaH>y, ii oHaKo y ma^iH, BHAeiiii dBo 
mapeHHjio Ha H.oj npHq;ijy ^a hm pesao e CpaLo, a rnvd 
te'ie paAHTH, Ka^ noAepeie 're AP^H.Ke, Koje ere 3anji.e- 
HHjmi...' BHyio je c^yqjijeBa, KaKo Kaayjy, x^i je no Heiai 
H n^aiHO r^aBOM ; jep ce HHJe Murao pacno3HaTH no oAe^iy 
OA TypqHHa. 

Typi^u, pasdHJeHH, noByicy ce y Bhahh h 3a HeKo Bpeiie 
HHcy qHHH^H HHKaKOBHX HcuaAa, jep cy MCAa^iH a^i ce npH- 
6epy II oHopane nocjie npe'rpnjteHe nopase. XaJAyK Bcako 
Meljy THM ao6ho je 6m HapeA^y, Aa npetje Thmok h Aa tohh 
TypKe, a y hcto Bpeaie h Aa AH^e napoA y tom Kpajy. Hpa- 
noBeAajy, Aa je TaAa h CxaHoje OApetjen 6ho Aa has npeA 
BojcKOM. Kao apamdama jeAHe xaJAy^Ke qeie. KaA je Aomao y 
ce^o Pa6poBO (y bhahhckoj naxHJn), jaBe My MemiaHH, Aa ce 
y ce^y HajiasH neKaKaB TypqHH no3HaTH 3y;iyMtiap, kojh je 
Aomao Hcror A^ina a OAceo koa HeKaKBa AOMaliHHa, kojh 
je aieHHO CHHa. CiaHoje AOSHaBmn to, oAe h 3aTeqe Typ- 
qHHa Ha Becejty. ^hm je yraao y Kyty, oAMax no30Be Typ- 
qHHa Ha npoAajy h odesopyatara, na ra saxHW H3BeAe h3 ce^a 
Ha jeAaH tyBHK, enyqe h napeAH, Aa ce Aonece atencKO oagao 
c npeBesoM, Kao hito ce Hoce MjiaAe npBor Aana y tom Kpajy. 
IIoniTo je Hajnpe TypqnHa npeAenyo y atencKo OAe^o, Tepao 
ra je Aa c^yaKH bhhom H>era h APyniTBo, na ra OHAa noBeAe 
Aajte ca co6om. Ys nyT jamno ra je AoneK^ie jeAan oa CTa- 
HojeBHX AyAH, Aa 6h ra hito BHrae naMyquo. KaA je Typ^HH 
6m nocycTao noA TepeTOM, jeAaH he npeA^aoatHTH CTaH(tjy, Aa 
ra BHme ne BOAe, ho Aa My oAceKy Many. Typ^HH, kojh Hflje 
3Hao APyror je3HKa ochm TypcKor, h noMa^ao neniTO HaTyuau 
B^iamKH, noc^e Aya^er liyTafta AOTJie, ceTH ce mTa My ce cnpeMa, 
H npoMyAa B^aamKH : note, note t. j. MO^e ; npacTaje jora Aa 
HOCH, caMO Aa ra ne noryCe. 



250 U P H A P E K A 

C'raHoje ra He XTe/i,e ydnTH, net ra nycin cAo^uAHa, 
XTesran My caMO AOKasain obom npHiiHKOM, mra mmm to BpiuHTH 
TupaHHJy HaA APyriiii- M Typ^iHs ueou3Hpi^e oAe iipaBo y Bhahh. 

4,oi;HHJe, no iioBpaiKy h3 MajajHHi;e, CiaHOJe Aot^e noA ku- 
MaHAy l^OAHHy. /[a ah je 6m ca itHii cbg ao nponacTH cpu- 
(•Ke, HJin naK ca BejLKOM ii Mn^HcaB im — HHJe naM to nosHaio. 

KaA je E^pna PeKa noTna^a noA TypKe, CTaHOJe Hnje 
XTeo ueJKaiH HHKyA, Bet ce je 3a neKO Bpeme KpHO HaJBHme 
y njiaHHHH proTCKOj. 

^ecH ce HeKaKo, Te hcth TypqMH, Kora je CiaHoje oHaKo 
jeAHOM o6ecqacTHO, 6yAe nocTaBAen 3a cy6ainy y HnKo^nqeBy, 
jeAHOM otoiKaeM ce^y oa npn^HKe Ha jeAan caT ua ProTMHe. 
3HajyiiH, a^ GTanoje ^hbh y ProTHHH, AO^asno je mgcto y 
cejio, He 6h ae ra KaKO yxBaTHO A'^ My ce ocboth. Ho to iiy 
HHJe MOMo HcnacTH 3a pyKoai, noniTo je Cianoje 6m yseK 
oiipe3aH, H qHM 6h Typgnna yMeAao na 6e^oM xaTy, yseo 6h 
nymKy a necTa^o 6h ra y ii^aHHHH. TaKo je oh npoBOAHo 
Xjme BpeMe, a awBox My Bet nocTaAe necHocaH. Jgahom, 
npHMajytiH oh AOUHHJe y Kpyry cbojhx npHJaiejta, KaA je ceAHO 
TaKo cKpHROH y n^aHHHH, neniTO mymHe 6jiH3y aera. KaA ce oh 
OKpene, a oho HMa mxa bhaoth — KypjaKynyxHO ce npasoK fteMy. 
„y ce^y TypnH, y myHH nyun," e 6am A^'in^o mh je ar ce yonjeM, 
KaA caM laKBe xyAe cpetie, A'^ HHrAe neiaM Mnpa hh oncTaHKa. 

Ha nocjieTKy, TypMHHy ce AocaAH na Taj HaMHH BnjaTH 
(jianoja, m oh ce HOiyatH MycejiHMy^ TpaatetH, Aa <JH napeAH 
iioxepy 3a HjHM. 

MyceAHM, nomTO je cac^yraao Typquna, kojh m qacTO- 
Ji>y6jbi\ He xTeAe acnpH^aTH 6am cae KaKo je 6hj10 ho peAy 
ca H>UM, Be^e, x^i My je na to OAruBopMO : Ako th je OTa- 
Hdje oTeo rB03AeH)aKe, uap th je hok^ohho cpe6pH>aKe; aKo 
TH je cKMHyo cyKHeno OAe^o, u,ap th je ookjIOhho jieHme n 
cKyHoneHHJe oa Kapnyc qoxe. Haj6oybe tie 6hth, — petiH Ke 
Myce^HM — Ail ce noMHpnm ca h,hm, h Aa My cne OHpocTflni, 



U. P U A 1' E K A 25 t 

jep cy TaKBci BpoMeHii 6h^:i OH^a, na ^ii atiiBnre y .'Lyuaim. 
TypijHH, HeMajyliM KyA, pa3Muc;i» ce iiocjie obhx pOMii, ii uo- 
pyiiH CiaHojy a'a Aot)e Ha sepy h a;* ce uoMHpe. GxaHnje oAe 
y HnKO-mqeBo, iioMHpH ce h iiodpaTHMH ca TypMiiHoM, ii oato 
Ao6a atHBeJiH cy Kao j\,<)6^e iipHJaTBJbH. Bu^o je dyyajcBa, 
Ail My je HCTH TypqHH y Bume npn^HKa ciiacao n khbht; jep 
je CraHoje HMao Aocra HeiipiijaTeAa Meljy Typuusia, Kujn ra 
HHCy MOMH TpneTH. 

lloc^e OBor iioMHpeH.a, Cianoje nucTaAe Knes y ce^y, n 
uHO je Ayro y tom iio^ojKajy, 36or lera je h i!03HaT y II,pHiij 
PeuH Kao: KHes CraHoje. TproBao je oceai Tora h ca ctokom, 
a uaBHO ce yjeAHo h ca seiajbopaAifcOM, h ca cBora iioiiiTeifca, 
ya^HBao BaBAii h^P 'Aho noBepeifce. 

Ao 1833-Jie roAHHe, Ka-Aa je E,pHa PeKa npHcnjeAHfteHa 
Cp6HJH, ciajao je nenpecraHo y CBesH ca KHesoM MH^oineM, 
npeKO MnAere Kapa6ama, h3 KpiiBor Biipa ii C'raHHcaBa, U3 
n^aHHHHi],e, H OA ifcHx AOuHJao ynyTCTBa, KaKO My ce Ba^a 
noHamaTH npeMa Typi],flMa, h enpeMaiii napoA A'^ ycTane jeA- 
Hor A'lHa Ha cBoje rocnoAape. 

KaAa je 1833-tie roAHHe nop'ra crajia ooeBaTH ca iipe- 
AajOM seMAHDiTa Aocytjenor Cp6HJn, 6yAe H3HeHaAHu n 6e3 03- 
6HibHe cnpeMe, H3a3BaT noKpei y I],pHoj PeinH, kojh je ciao 
napoA TO^HKHX atpTaBa. 

TypAH, cy6ani^apH, HMajyiiH Be^HKa Ao6pa h AoxoTKe y 
I],pHoj PeitH, qyBmii Aa ce Mupajy ceAHTH h ;iHnmTii ce cBoje 
HMaoBHHe, CTany y noc^eAfte BpeMe noBetaBara Aauuje napo- 
qHTo Ha CTOKy h naiypaTH pa3He naMeie, Aa on inro Bume 
HCHcaiiH HapoA. HapoA je AaBao CBe ihto My ce 'rpaatoo A"K. 
je HMao, a KaA Bet nnje HMao hh caM mia Aa Aaje, oHAa 
H3amybe CBOje KHe30Be, c KoJHMa notje jom qHTaaa roMH^a cBeia 
Aa saMOJie Myce;iuMa, Aa hm cnycm Aauuje. Myce^nM to npHMH 
3a nodyny h HeKe oa H.nx pacrepa, a Apyre 6auH y 3aTB(.p. 



25-2 



H p n A r E K A 



Ha je^aH Jiax ocera ce KOMemaiLe y qnTaBOM tom Kpajy. 
CiaHHcaB, H3 n^aHHHHAe, BGOMa nony^iapHa jnqHOCT y DipHOJ 
PeiiH, n Mn^eia, m KpHBor Bnpa, jaBe Kneay Mn^iomy, ji,R 
je HapOA oropqeH h ;i,a BHme hg Moae TpnexH TypKe cy6a- 
m^iape. CiaHHcaB je 6ho no sanaTy Kypqnja, a saHHMao ce h 
TproBHHOM, na je Kao h Mn^e'ia, HMao npn^HKe Aa OA^asH 
qecTO nocjioM y IIIyMaAHJy. J EparyjeBi^y ^o^HJao je ynyi- 
cTBa OA KHesa MH^oniii, KaKo Aa ce noHama npeia Typi];HMa, 
H Ha KOJM HaqMH Aa H3a30Be KaA 6jAe 3aTpe6aA0 nodyny y 
HapoAT. Knes Mnjiom, Ao6po je 3Hao Aa cy Typiyi y tomg 
Kpajy joni OA IIa3BaH]jHJHHor Ao6a caMOBOAHH, kojh He CAymajy 
HE CyjiTana, hh H>eroBHX napeAada, na je jom h3 pana npn- 
npeaiao 3eMAHniTe, Aa nacn^Ho laj Kpaj npHCMJeAHnn Op^HJH. 
G Tora nopyqn CiaHHcaBy n MnAeiH, a npeKO ftnx n o6op- 
KHe3y Chmh HnKo^atiy, h3 3ajeqapa, h ocraviHM npsauHMa, Aa 
AHffiy HapoA Ha TypKe, a odeJia hm oa cBOJe crpane, Aa te hm 
HocjiaTH y HOMoli Ma^iyTHHa, XaJAyK Be^KOBa dpaia cbojckom. 

KHe3 CraHoje ca cbojhm cHHOBu,eH JepeMHJoM 3ApaBK0- 
ButeM, oaBHo ce y to Bpeiie nociioM xproBaqKHM y BuAiisy- 
Ca H>HMa ce TaAa agcho h Hnqa, chh odopKnesa CaMe ca Aa- 
Aojs. xproBueii, h3 3ajeqapa. Ohh HHcy HMnna dEHAS, mia ce 
pa An y lJ,pHoj PeuH, jep cy no OAaBHu 6hah oa Kyta. 

CraHHcaB Kpene no sanoBecrn MH.iomeBoj napoA, h jeAHor 
Aana iHTiiBa roMa^ia jtyAH oa npnjiHKe ao 3000 H)HX MaxoM 
He Haopy^anu, Cjierne ce y 3ajeqap, BnqyiiH Typn,HMa Aa ce 
OAMax MHcre h3 BaponiH. 

Meby THM TypuH, cydam^iapH, AOsnaBniH 3a OBaj noKpex 
paHHJe, no uito hx je 6yiA0 waao, npeljy Thmok h yxBpAe ce 
y Be^HKOM HsBopy.' OAax^e nopyqe y Bharh namn, Aa hm 
n(»nijLe y noMot BojcKy, Koja Le mx samxHTH. 

' BejHKH Haiiop BasAa je 6ho ii iioa TypuHiia Baataa ctpaxerHJCKa laiKa. 
y Kapal/opl^eiio Ao6a, HeKa^ je Oho y cpucKiiM, HenaA y xypcKiiM py- 
KaMJi, a uaJBHiue hhhho iieyxpajHy 30Hy. IlHcau. 



U I' H A I> E K A 253 

H3 BnAHHa, 6yAe hm o^mjix iioc^an je^aH ^)^,\)(i^ HiiaaMa 
ca 6m\6i\m(m y noMoK. IIi)e Hero uito je iioiiua BojcKa, AO^e 
CiaHojy H JepeMHJH egkh My pax, Typmie, kojii je iiiWK. a<>- 
6pa y ProTHHH a aquo ce iiasHO ca H>HMa, n jaim um o a<'- 
rat)ajy 3cije^apcK0M, case'ryjytiH hx, Aa ce uAMax yooHe H3 
BapouiH, jep Le 6am saTBopeHH. Ha 'raj HaqHH, ohh AoCajy 
npn^HKy le yaiaKny n cpeliHo cTwrHy y 3;ijeqap, rAe ce iipii- 
Apyate octiuhm no6yiteHHii,HMa. Huqy n yLijiy Meljy thm Typuii 
yxBaie h uai],e y saiBop, h AP^ajm cy h3| HeKo^iiKo Meceuii. 
TeK Ha enepraqHo 3ay3HMaH>e Knesa Mn^ionia ohh 6yAy nymieHH 
H Bpaie ce Haipar cbojhm Kyhaina. 

IIoniTo cy Typii,n ociaBOH Baje^iap h iipera^iii c ohb 
cipane THMOKa, GiaHHcaB napeAH, Xd ce ncKona ni;iH;in y Ba- 
pomn, H y aeiy ociaBH CBe one JtyAe kojh cy hmjuu no ne- 
niTO OA opyaija a ynpaBy naA maHii,eM iioBepn MnjieTii Kpn- 
BoBHpcKOM Ha Cjiyqaj, aKO 61s. ce TypAH noBpaToa H3 IbBopa, 
npe Hero ihto cmrne Mn^yTHH h3 IIIyMaAHJe. 06opKHe3 CHMa, 
H3ac^aT je 6no y npecpei MwjiyTHHy. Ca oct{ijihm;i nan ne- 
HaopymriHHMa, A^rne ce C'raHHcaB y npaBuy k TaMOKy, y toj 
i^eAH, Aa 3aBapaBn Typse nperoBopHMa, fl,0K necTHrHe Mhay- 
THH, Kora ey Tor ji,i\Ea aie^HO oqeKHBJijiH IIoniTO cy xaKO 
HeKO Bpene npoBe^H, nperoBapajyiiH ijoja noMnpefty, Haj3;u 
6yAe nocjian JepenHJa SApaBKOBnt, Kao napoquiH nsac^annK, 
Aa 3aBapaBa TypKe jom kojh qae, n Aa hm o^eta, Aa te ce 
HapoA pa3HiiH, aKo ohh npHCTany na HSBecne yc.ioBe. 

He npoije Mjioro, a BpaTH ce Jepeainja, h caonmiH na- 
poAY nopyKy TypaKa eydam^apa, TypUH cy saxiena^n desy- 
CAOBHO, Aa ce paja noKopH OAMax h pa3iii)e a o6eli;iBiUH cy, 
Aa Hete HHKora hh Mana oa h,hx 3a6oAeTH. Y npoTUBHnji 
c^iyqajy, aKO ce nedn Mapno pa3Hni^H, npera^n cy, An Le ohh 
qHHHTH oho, niTO cy HayMH^H. Oropqena Maca napoAa U3a Tora 
MecTO Aa ce pa3Ht)e, oKpene ce Ha jeAan siax TypuHMa, h CTane 
MacHO BHKaTH c oBe cipane TuMOKa TaKO, Aa cy momh cbb 



254 U P H A P E K A 

^yiH Typi^H Ha npoTHBHoj crpaHH : mh cmo BaM, ee-ae, opyjKJe 
H Koite noKynoBa.aH ; mh cmo eaM AHUBape npaBH^H h JiaMa 
Xab-clae; mh cmo Bac y qoxy h 3^aT0 o/i,eey;iH, a mh cmo hih^h 
Ma^HH H oocH H TO^H, Ha BaMa He 6eme CBe to Aocra, Bet 
noqecTe cse Betie h Bete naMere y^apain h name Ay/i.e, kojh 
BaM ce ataAHme, ancHTH. /l,ocTa je Bet ohao Bauiera ; ofl, ca^a 
BaM HeMa HHHiTa, jep oa Aanac Mn^iom naMa sanoBeAa. Ty 
je URAo H ji,oGT;\ norpAHHX pe^H, Koje ne cMaipaMo oB^e 3a 
noTpedno hshochti/. PasApaiKeHa Maca, Ta^acajytn ce, CBe ce 
je BHme npHMHn,;ua TnMOKy. 

BHMoama, kojh je crajao c HHsaMHMa, a^ ^h oakaohho 
cyKod, HapeAH bojch,h, le Hsoau^ HeKO^HKo n^iOTyHa y bhc, h 
Hcna^H ABa Tona onaKO y Beiap, Aa sanjianiH caMo napoA. 
M^iorn ce iion^arannie oa iiynaaKe h narome 6eaiaTH, a TypuH, 
cydaui^apn, OKypa^eHH, ocMe^e ce h nperase Thmok Ha ko- 
H)HMa Ha CTany cetn deaiete Cp6e. Ty je norHHyjio c name 
CTpane 117 AyAH, a 6h^o je Aocra h paaenHX. Bam koa caMe 
Aaflamae rBosAene tynpnje, jeAan Typ^nn CTHrne CiaHHcaBa, 
OAce^e My Many, h nadnje My apdnjy y rpKJtan. 

IlomTO nornde CiaHHcaB, cBei ce yc^eA Tora BHme 36yHH 
H Hon^amn. KaA to bhac KHe3 CTanoje, npeAyse ynpany 
HaA HapoAOM h CTaAe BpataTH h xpa6pHTH AyAe, Te laKO 
HOBpaTH peA H ycne a^^ cysdnje Typne oneT npeKO TnMOKa. 
Bh^o je H c TypcKe CTpane rydHTaKa, a^H ce ne 3Ha 
KOiiHKo, jep cy oHH CBoje MpTBe OAHejiH 6hah ca co6om. 

Ona 3HaqaJHa ce^a, AoroAH^a ce 1 Maja 1833-iie ro- 
AHHB. Tor AfiHa y Be^ie CTHrao je e Mn^iyTHH c ITo^apeB.ita- 
HHMa a Hoc^o ftera h KHe3 Mn^cTa PaAOJKOBHt c JaroAHH- 
u,HMa. BHAetH Typii,H, c)6am^apH, KO^Ka je ' BojcKa npoTHBy 
H)HX, oAy CBH y Bhahh. OaMO ocTany HH3aMH y BeiinKOM II- 
3Bopy H Ty cy ce 3aApaia7iH CKopo roAHHy fl,'dm\. 

CyTpa A^H Mn^iyTHH, y HpaTH>H neKOMKo KOftaHHKa, CHt^e 
Ao TnMOKa, h npeMeAaBma 6oJHO no.te, Koje je 6hao noKpn- 



U P H A F E K A 255 

BGHu ^eraeBHMa, y cnopaayMy c 6HM6;ini(>M HapeAH, An ce ciui 
3ajeAHu yKOiiajy BHine rBosACHe LyiiitHJe y.vA caMy (.rja^iy up- 
Hor TeiOKa. HeKo.iHKO ^eiiieBa, croja^o je HeyKoiuiHO cee aok 
HHJe H3 ByKypeiura cTHrao pycKH KOMecap, koJh je o Tosie 
noAHeo CBOJoj Bjia^H HSBeuiTaj. 

Te^a H3rHHyjiHX dopana, Aeata^a cy a" npe Aeceraic ro- 
AHHa Ha HCTOM MecTy, aok hhjg Tmmok noqeo narjio Aa poHH 
o6a^y n j\h oahoch ca seM.i.oM n kocth H.HXOBe. CBecHH '.h- 
je^api^H, H3 noniTOBaita ripeMa ocrauHMa iioraHy^HX 3a oiiiirry 
CTBap, Aotjy Ha MHcao, tg ys cBeqaHH ciipoBOA npenecy koctii 
BHXOBG H caxpaHG y BapomKOM rpo6Ay. 

Mhc^h^io cg, Aa hm cg iiOAHrnG a ciioMeHHK; ho th u 
AG Aanac jom hhjg H3BpniGH0. 

"y^HM ce je no'qe^a ocHMBa-m YnpaBa y U,pHoj Penn, cbii 
npBaD,H H 3ac^y;KHH AyAH H3 lora Kpajy oyAy nocTaB.i>eHH no 
H3(>opy 3a CTapGHiHHe napoAHG. TaKo, khgs C'ranoje 6yAe no- 
CTaB./beH HajnpG 3a cyAHJy OKpyacHor cyAa y Sajeqapy, a a^u- 
Huje H 3a npeceAHKKa, y kom jg no^ioaiajy h npeMnnyo ua 
npH^HKe lS55-Te roAHHO. /l,o CMpxn, ocTao JG y bgjIhkom 
HOHiTOBafty ca CBOje npaBHqHocTH h noniTGaa. H Aanac ce 
noMHHie y Hpnoj Peu,H npaBAa n cyije^e KHe3a CTaHoja. Ha 
aKaj,0CT, cnoMGH, tag jg caxpaaGH OBaj 3ac^yatHn iiyaR, jgabm 
Aa CG MoaiG A!iHac n03HaTH. 

06opKHG3 Cnaia HaKu^nti, h3 3ajeqapa, oho jg nocTau- 
AGH 3a cyAHJy y SaJG^apy ; a^iH je KpaiKo Bpeaie atHBGo iio- 
Cjie oc^o6otjeH>a I],pHG Pgkg. Oa hph^ihkg, 1834-16 roAHne 
yMp'o JG H caxpaHjGH y 3ajeqapy. 

Mn^iGTa Eapa6am, h3 KpHBor Bnpa, ao6ho jg Cmo 3a 
KanGTana KpHBOBHpcKor, a aoi^hhjg 6yAe no moji6h nocTaB.icH 
3a cyAHJy y 3aJGqapy, jep je 6ho OTeatao 3a uu^cKy cjiyaiuy. 
yjip'uje OAnpH^HKe 184346 roA- y 3ajeqapy, h xyjecaxpafteH. 

JepeMHJa 3ApaBK0BHii, h3 ProTHHe, chh 3ApaBKa, 6y.i.yK- 
(iame KapaijopijGBor, kojh ce J6 OA^HKOBao npn 3ay3eliy 3a- 



256 U P "H A P E I< A 

jeqapa, iiociaBAeH je 6ao 3a KaneiaHa BpaasorpHaqKor, a aod,- 
HHJe 3a HcnpaBHHKa cyAa y AAeKCHHi],y. KHe3 Me^ioin na3flo 
ra je ^eno ii mHAao no CpCiHJH y pa3HHM MHCHJaMa. Y no- 
Toite Bpeiae, 6ro je oKpyatHH Haqe.aHHK y 3aje^apy. Ilpe^ 
cBojy CMpT, 6ao ce noByKao y npnBaTaH atHBOT h atHBeo mhpho 
y CBOM ce;iy na HMaity. Ysip'o je o/i, npn^HKe 1865-Te roAHHe. 

3a Bpeme pa3Hnx noKpexa „BOAEeEiii,'' mio hx je 6h- 
Bajio y CpuHJH CBe ao iiOBpaiKa KHe3a Mn^ioina, I],pHa PeKa, 
fmAn je, H3y3eB HeKo^HKe ^h^hocth, iHAn^epeHTHa n OAceqena 
cacBHM OA jaBHor nojHTHiKor atMBOia. HapoA ce noc^e to- 
;iHKHX naifta h HeBOjta noA Typi],HMa, 6eine 36yHHO cbojom 
HeBOJLOM H jeAHHo npHOHyo, Aa sa^eqH pane, Koje HHJe Morao 
^aKu npe6o;ie'm. Ca yjaMqenoM c^o6oaom, yajHBajytiH 6j.aroAeTH 
MHpa, 3a KpaTKo Bpeie lJ,pHa PeKa da^a ce onopaBH^a TaKo, a^ je 
AO 1876-Te roAHHe ciajaja, Moaie ce peLH Aocxa Ao6po y eKOHOM- 
CKOM noMeAy. IIjpHopeqaHH cy npeAysHMAFBH h mieA^nBH, h 3a 
KpaTKo BpeMe , aKO 6yAe KaKBor jom HMny-ica c AP^t^'BHe 
cxpaBe, sadopaBHte cee 6eAe, mTO cy hx noAHe./iH y paxy 
„3a oc;iof)oi}eibe h He3aBHCH0CT." 

H no reorpaoHJcKH h eTHorpaMJCKH , iipeAeo Ky^cKH, 
niTO ra je Hama BojcKa y APyroM paiy 1877-Me roAHHe 6HAa 
3ay3ejia, Kao h caB onaj Kpaj ao 3aropja h H3Bopa peKe IIc- 
Kpa, MopaLe ce KaA TaA npHcajeAHHHTH CpdnJH. CfieT y TOMe 
Kpajy H caAa, a aKO je y 6yrapcKoj KHeaieBHHH, jaKO je 
OAynieBjten 3a Cpdnjy, h mgae Aa 6yAe itoj npnAax. A npoTHBy 
cBecTH HapoAHe, CBaKa cieiaa, Koja ce qnHH, HnniTaBHa je. 



^PArOt/tyB K. JoBAHOBHTi 



H3B04H H3 SAnHCHHKA 

cpncKOiA y^iEHor ap^uitba 

rOAHHA 1883. 



A. c K y n. 

(Ha peAy cy sauucHiimi CKyiia oa 30 janyapa ii 27 4)e6py- 
apa OBe roAHHe. Ohh he ce caonumiTii y Kitusii 55, aok ux upii- 
peAn TaAaraan upHEpeneHii ceKpeiap, r. CTeBaH A- IlonoBiiL) 

B. O A B O P H. 

I. 3a HayKe jecracTBennqKe n MaxejiaTu^Ke. 

/ cacTHHEK, 19 Mapra 1883. 

Bp. 1. 

r. /l,iiMHTpHJe Hemnii Miiia CBoj paA hobiim ofipacmuia h3 
HayKe o EOM^nHaaujaMa n to ca saAaiiiM 36npoM ; — ii npu^ase 
Taj paA 3a FAacHHK. 

Bp. 2. 

r. ;Ly6oMup K.aeputi iiiTa cBOJ paA cpcAflniTy ciiAa y paB- 
nnHH ; — n upujiase xaj paA 3a TjiacHnE. 

Bp. 3. 

r. Joe naHiHh HUTa Cxapoj n.iaHiiHii, Pii^iy ii Buxomy 
11411 rpal)ii 3a ({).iopy KHeateBnee ByrapcKe ; — h npn.iaHie raj 
paA sa r^acflUK. 

riACHHK LIV 1^ 



258 p.MK-A cpncKor y^EHor 4pyiiiTBA 

npHMeA^a. r. naHuiit u3JaBuo je, Aa My ce lOO eraesi- 
Djiapa OA »rpa^e sa CoxaHiiKy KeeaieBUHe ByrapcKe" oABOjeHo ot- 
miaMnajy n Ha aeroBO pacnojioseae ciaBe. 

// cacranaK, 25 Maja 1883. 
Bp. 1. 

r. Job. 5KyjoBnt, peAOBHn nyjan yqenor ApyniTBa, caoninino 
je OA6opy caApatuHy obhx cbojbx pacnpana: rpal»a sa reo;io- 
rnjy KpaAeBiiHe Cp6nje: I" Jlpiwor sa reoyiorHJy jyro- 
HCTO^ne Cp6HJe, ca ckuii,om reo.ioniKe Kapxe ; II" hgkum ciaitAa- 
CTHM CTeeaMa; III*". Kopcux ca PyAHnna. HHose nexporpa^)- 
cse Bpcxe, ca abc Ko-iopucaHe CAu&e. 

Oa6op je pemno : Aa ce cbc obb pacnpaBS iipiiMe 3a TjiacHHK. 

Bp. 2. 

IIpeAceAHiiK caonmxaBa oA^opy, Aa je r. A. naBAOBnh dh- 
SHftep DOAHBO yqeHOMe APynixBy CBOJy pacnpaBy: „0ApeA6a 
Koe4)uitnjeHaTajaHUHe ii iBuxosa npiiMenayrpalje- 

BHHCKOJ CTpyU II." 

r. KjiepHt n3JaB;byje, A'^ je oh upexxoAHo npoyiHO OBy pac- 
npaay u eaAasu Aa 6\i je xpe6a.io ynyxuxii nexoMe OA^opy yqcHora 
APyiflTBa. 

Oa6op ycBajajyliH obo Mura/beibe pemaBa, Aa ce nosienyxH 
HJiaHaK ynyxn nexowe OA^opy. 

Bp. 3. 

IIpeAceAHHK caonmxaBa, Aa je ynpasa AoGiiAa oa jyffiHOC.io- 
BeHCKe aKaAeMiije iio3hb sa cnopasyji sa ycxanoBAefte noBpeiieHHX 
KOHrpeca jyaiHocjioBeecKHx HayHHima. Oa6op yBiilja yjieceocx osaKiix 
KOHrpeca ii iipima iipeA^ior jyjKHocjioBeHCKe aKaAeMHJe y naieAy. 

II. 3a iiayice *n;ioco*cKe h ^nao^ioniKe. 

(Taj oaSop y iipBoj no-ioBimii oBe roAHse Hiije auao ca- 
cxawKa.) 



PAAH-A CPIICKOr VMEllOr AI'illlTBA 259 

III. 3a HajKe ucropujcKe u AP'^^iiBne. 

/ cacTaHiiK, 3 (fiedpyapa 18)^3. 

Biun cy : upeAceAQHK Bji. JoBaHOBiiL, H.iaHOBu : Jobuu I'li- 
ctbL, Aji. BaciiACBuli, A-p H. Kpcrnh, apx. H. Aynnh, 11. Cjieh- 
KOBHh, Jh. KoBaneBuii ii M. SeneBiit. 

Bp. 1. 

npo-iiixarae ce upoiOKO.iu ceAHima oa 24 H0BeM6pa a 21 
ACKeMSpa 1882 roAUHe, u ca Ma^iuM iic ipaBKasia ycBOjuiue, 

Bp. 2. 

r. IlaHTa CpeLKOBut niixa CBOj pe4)epaT o „CpiiCKUM poAo- 
c^iOBHsia u jieTOuuciiMa c AOAaxKOM jeioiiiiCHnx 6e.ieKaKa", ca- 
cTaBHo Jb. CTojaHOBut; ii iipeA^aaie, Aa ce ae Moaie iipiiMJiiu o- 
BaKO KaKo je, 3a to, mxo niije pal^eHO Ha cxporo HayMHOJ ochobii. 

Ilo mxo je APyrn pe4)epeHaT, r. Jb. KoBaieBiit, 6no mh- 
fflAeaa Aa ce obo ag^^o mxajiua y II oACAeiiy „I\iacHHKa", aKO 
uHcaii, yiHHu usBecHB DonpaBKB II usocxaBu .lexouHCHe de.ieniKe, h 
no mxo je u r. CpetKOBuL npncxao Aa ce iioaie mxasinaxu o 
TpomKy APyiDTBeHOM, aAu caMO Kao aCopnuK a He „KOAii(J)iiKai],uja" 
poAOCAOBa H jiexouiica, OA-iy^eHo on, Aa ce caciaB r. CxojaHOBii- 
ta mxaMiia y II OAejteBy „r.iacHiiKa", Jio mxo ce y aesiy h30- 
cxase jiexouiicHe deaeoiKe ii yniiHe iicupasKe npena pe4)epaxy r. 
KoBaieBHLa. 

Bp. 3. 

A-p HHKO.ia KpcxHh pei{)epyje o aSnpuH niicaiia u pyKonuca 
Koje je noc^iao cpncKOji yneaoM APymTBy r. "B. MymnLcKii. 

OA-iyieno, Aa ce pe({)epax mxaiina y TviacHUKy, iioK.ioH.eB a 
HHCMa npnMe ca saxsayiHOinliy, a o oTKyiiy pyKonuca Aa ce ao- 
Hcce OA.iyna, no mxo ce Ao6nje oSaBeraxeae oa r. BuxKOBnha, o 
yc/iOBnaia, uoa Kojawa r. MymuiiCKH ayAn iioiieHyie pyKonuce ua 
OTKyn. 

Bp. 4. 

r. ApxHMaHApuT Ayint ycMCHO pe(l)epyje, Aa je c apvphm 
pe4)epeHT0M, r. KoBaieButeBUM, nper.ieAao upnjieACe r, n. Cpeh- 

17* 



260 PAj,ftA cpncKor yqEHor ^pyrnxBA 

KOBHha Ha iisBeniTaje But. MaKyuieBa, upo(})ecopa y BapmaBu, o 
pyaonucHMa y HapoAHoj 6n6;iuoTeii,u y BeorpaAy, n Aa cy o6oJHii,a 
jimnAeaa, Aa ce Te iipiuieA^e Mory npiuiiiTii y APyniTBeHH opraH> 
II aKO ce He c^iaKy y csejiy c n0cn.eM, 

Bp. 5. 

r. nieAceAHiiK caoiimxaBa, Aa je r. MapKO /],paroBnti, ce- 
Kpeiap Hap. upocBeie ii upKBeniix nocdosa y B^pHOJ Topn, noc.iao 
3a ^rAacHiiK* xpii iiucaia BjiaAUKe /l,aHUjia Eberoraa. 

OA^iyieHO : Aa ce iiiiCMa AaAy aa oueny r. IlaHTH CpehEO- 
Buhy n r. apxiim. J^y^whj, 

Bp. 6. 

r. iipeAceAHUK jaB^a, Aa je APJEasHn nuTOBian,, r. Hb. Ila- 
B.ioBiiii, nocTiao sa „rjiaciiHK" pacnpasy „JKeHe 'Bypi^a BpaHKOBii- 
ta y reHeajioraKOM nor.ieAy." 

OA-^yiyJe ce, Aa ce cacxaB AaA6 Ha oueHv r. n. CpetKOBn- 
hy n r. M. 3e4eBiity. 

Bp. 7. 

r. Jb. KoBaHeBiih caoiinTTaBa, Aa je upuKyniio iipu^rnqHy 
36upKy pasHHx saiiiica u Haxuiica, a nor.iaBiixo y 6n6jinoTeKaMa 
HapoAHOj n yqeHora APytuTBa, ii HyAU Aa ce raxajina y lI-roM 
OAejteiby ardiacHnKa", aito ApyiuTBO sa BpcAHO Ha.iasii. 

OA^yieHO : Aa ce upiuiii iioHyAa a niicau HarpaAU. 

Bp. 8. 

r. iipeACCAHiiK ii3JaBu. Aa He Moae ocxaxn Aa./be Kao npcA- 
ceAHUK oA^opa , 6yAyiiii je ii3a6paH sa npcACBAHiiKa uejiora 
ApymxBa. 

OA.iyieHO : Aa ce iipucxyuu ii36opy HOBor upeACSAHUKa, u 
BehHHOM MacoBa H3a6pax je sa npeAceAHDKa OA^opa 3a HayKe 
iicTopujcKe II ApJKaBHe r. El. CpetKOBiit. 

// cacraHHK, W Aiapra 1883. 

BiMH cy : iipeAceAHiiK II. CpebKOBiih, qjianoBii : B^iaA- Jo- 
BUHOBuii, Aa. BacujLBBiiti, A-p H. Kpcxiit, apx. Ay'^"t, M. "B. Mii_ 
.iiiheBiih, II. nexpoBiiL, M. Paiciih, .L. KoBaieBiiL, M. ScMeBiiL. 






i^A4KbA ci'iiCKor VMEiior 4pymTBA 261 

Bp. 1. 

Hura ce aaiiiiciiiiK iipoui.ie ceAHiiue ii iipiiMa c ubkiim iic- 
iipaBKaua. 

Bp. 2. 

r. npeAceAHiiK caonuiTaBa iipcA-ior jyjKdo-c.ioBeHCKe anaAe- 
Miije 3a HayKe ii yMeTaocni, Aa ce nyiauoBii fiyrapcKor yiCEor 
ApyiDTBa y Co(|)iijii, cpncttor y BeorpaAy. CpucKe MaTime y Ho- 
BOM CaAy H jy/KHo-cjiOBeHCie aKaACJiuje y '3arpe6y CKyii,i>ajy aa 
HSBecHnji jiecTHjia ii xy paciipaB.bajy paaiia iiayiHa iiiixaiba. 

OA^y^yje ce, Aa ce OBaj iipeA-ior iipiuiu y uaMe.iy. 

Bp. 3. 

r. apx. Ay'ii'li jaBjta, Aa je c r. D. CpetKOBiiLeM iiper.ieAao 
Tpu nncMa B.iaAuiie /l,aHUAa IBeroina, icoja je noc^iao r. Mapiio 
/l,paroBuh U3 LI,pHe Tope, ii iipcAJiaaie Aa ce xa niicsia luxaMnajy 
y ^rjiacoiiKy" II OACAKa w Aa iiy ce noiujbe Ha bokaoh oaa Kftura 
y Kojoj xa niiCMa 6yAy o6jaBwteQa, no luxo Apyre uarpaAe ne 
xpaffiii. 

OA^iyieao DO npeA-iory r. ^yiiiKa. 

Bp. 4. 

ELpoHiixa ce ciapuacKO iiuciio xpeSiiitcKor iiryMana Mcauje, 
Koje je nocAao r. ylysa 3ope, 113 /l,aAMauuje. 

OA.'iy'ieHO : Aa ce bhcmo uixajiiia y Apyroii OAC.teity „r.iac- 

HUKa" II Aa ce r. 3opy iiomjte aa uob;ioh KB>iira, y KOJoj ce 110- 

Meevxo nucMO ofijaBu. 

Bp 5 

r. npeAceAHUK nnxa 6e.ie.nKy c jeAae cxape laine. 
OA^ayieHO : Aa ce xa Seaeinica mxaiina y II OAe^teity ^l.ia- 

CHUKa". 

Bp 6. 

Ilpoiiixarae pe(})epai r. H. IlexpoButi 11 r. M. ;3e4eBiili 
caciaBy r. Job. AsaKyMOBiilia „JeAaH uau ABa AOJia". 

Ilo mxo je iipBii pe(j)epeHax upeA^arao, Aa ce M.iaHau r. 
ABaKyaioButa He sioiKe iipuMiixu y ,r.iacHHK", a Apyru Aa Mose, 
noBeAa ce noAyisa Ae6axa xoMe. 11 najnocAe BeLiieoM rAacoBa 
6\\ OAAyieno, Aa ce caciaB r. ABanyMOBiita He moace iipiiMiiiii la 
.lAacnuK". 



262 PAAH>A cpncKor yqEHor 4pyiiiTBA 

Bp. 7. 
r. npeAceAHDK caouniTaBa, Aa je r. Hb. HaBjioBnt, ApatasHH 
UHTOMan, y Ilapiiay, nocjao neKOJiHKo pacnpaBima 113 cpncKe hc- 
TopHJe. 

OA-iy^eHO : Aa ce AaAy sa oiteHy r, n. CpeLKOBiity u r . 
apx. /l,y4Hliy. 

/// cacraHaK. \>6 Mapra 1883. 

Bu-iu cy : npeAceAHUK. II. CpetiKOBuh. ^AaaoBU : A-p H. 
EpcTiili, Job. PiicTut, Ba. JoBaHOBiik, C. BoraKOBiit, apx. Ay'i"t»f 
M. Mu.iuteBuK, Hacx. flexpoBnti. 

Bp. 1. 
Inia ce upoTOKOA npoui.ior cacxaHKa a ycnaja ce ca usBec- 
Huu iicupaBsaMa. 

Bp. 2. 
noAHOcii ce pacnpaea r. /l,paro;i>y6a K. JoBaHOBiiha „I],pHa 
Pesa" H Aaje ce sa uper.ieA u oueHy r. ^y^iHtiy u r. SeieBaty. 

Bp. 3. 
r CpeLKOBiih luxa ceojy pacupasy ,,CxaH>e « oa hoch cpn- 
CKHx SKyuaHuja y iio.iobiihu XII seKa npesia yrpujii ir npeiia Bii- 
saHxuju". OA^iyieBO, Aa ce mxajina y ,,r4acHUKy". 

Bp. 4. 
r. CpekKOBHli noAHOCii cBOJy KpnxHBy na iJiaHas CTojana 
OfipaAOBnha ,,rpal)a sa Hciopnjy HapoAa y OKpyry iioapuhckom," 
luiaMnaH y ,,rAacHiiKy" kh,. XXXVI. /l,axa KpHxuKa aa iiperAeA 
r.r. C. BoiuKOBHliy n M. Mii.iuheBiiKy. 

/\' cncTanaK, 3 Maja 1883. 

BiijIu cy : iipeAceAHiii; r. CpeLKOBuh, qAaHOBii : rr. JosaH 
PacTuh, HiiKOyia Kpcxiiti, A;i. BaciijteBiih, B^aA- JoBaHOBut, Cx. 
BoraKOBiiL, M. %. MiMiiteBiib, L\ Fepiniih, apx. Ayiu^. M. SeqeBub, 
cBKpexap ApynixBa Josaa BouikobuK. 

Bp. 1. 

CaBexoBaite noey^eHiiM cxBapiiMa Ha oxKyn, Ha6aBAeHHX 
uA r. PaBpiiAa BuxKOBJiha y YrapcKoj. 



PA4tbA cpncKor ynEHor apvuitba 763 

OA^yKa : OApel,yje ce KOMircHJa oa rr. apx. 4,y4Hlia, Job. 
BoniKOBuha ii Jby6. KoBaqeButa Aa noAuecy iiSBeinraj o tomc. 

Bp. 2. 

^UTajy ce pe(})epaTH o HAasKy r. Hb. IlaB.iOBHtia ,Apyro 
KpmTefte HeMafbimo." I-bo CpetKOBiiheB ii Il-ro Ayi'ilieB. 

OAAysa : 0A6uja ce no upeAAory o(5a pe(j)epeHTa, a pecJjepaTii 
Aa ce miaMiiajy. 

Bp. 3. 

■^Hxa ce saJBAHHiKH pe(j)epaT Aym^a ii 3eqeBiiLa o H.iauKy 
r. Ji,i>a.roJbY6a, K. JoBaHOBnha „IJ,pHa Pena". 
OA^yKa : iipujia ce iio npeA-iory. 

Bp. 4. 

MH4ntieBHli quia cBoj pe(|)epaT o lAauKy CpetttOBuheBy o 
IIoApnH>y. 

/l,a ce npuqcKa Apyni pe(|)epaT. 

V cacTanaK, 18 Maja 1883. 

BuAH cy : iipcAceAHUK r. II. CpeLKOBut, M.iaHOBii : rr. A. Ba- 
CHAeBiit, r. BuTKOBuL, J. PucTut, M. Td. MiuiitieBiih, M. PaBuh, 
A-p H. KpcTHh Ct. BonjKOBuIi, ceapexap JoBaH BouikobiiIj. 

Bp. 1. 

Ho npoTOKOAy ceAHoue oa 3 4'e6pyapa 1883 (5poj 3, pemeHo, 
Aa ce OA r. BHTKOBHta usiToiTe ofiaBeinTeae o oxKyny pyKoniica 
MyrautcKora. 

r. BhtkobiiIi caoiiniTii, Aa r. A-p MyniiiKcKU xpaaiH Aa ce 
cniicn, iniaMnaHu y FjiacHiiEy, uarpaAC Kao n oSiihho, a aBTorpa(i)ii 
Aa ce uoce6ime OTKyne. 

OA^op, cacAYiiiaBmii o6a pe4»epeHTa, r. KpcTiiha ii r. Bux- 
KOBflLa, OA-iynu, Aa ce pyKonncii oxKyiie, a yiipaBa ApymxBa Aa 
ce ca MymiitcKUM cnopasyMe y neyiii oxKyiia 

Bp. 2. 

Ceapexap r Job. BoniKOBnh Muxa iisBcmxaj komhciijc o ox- 
Kyny pasHux cxapux Kaiira oa r. BiixKOBiiha. IIo roue napemxajy 



264 PA4H>A cpncKor yiEHor ^pvuitba 

KOMOciija, Koja je le ciapime iiper^eAa-ia (apx. /I,y"iuii, J. Booiko- 
Biili, .'ij. KoBaqcBiili). Hani.ia je, Aa cy tc cxapiiHe BpeAHe oxayna 
H Aa ce 3a aax mo/KG a^tii 60 Aysaxa. 

Bp. 3. 
JIpeAceAHKK upuKasa u oxBopn aBTo6uorpa(|)HJy aoK. A. Hnso- 
;iuiia. niicaay CBOJepyiHO Ha 52 xaSaKa, 187 5 roAtiHe. 

HsaSpaHii 6uaie 3a pe(j)epeHTe : rr. CpehEOBiit h Mii.iuteBuL 

Bp. 6. 

r. CiojaH BoiHKOBuL np04iiTa pe4)epaT o qAaHKy r. CpetKO- 
BiiKa „0 ocAo6ol)eH>y JaApa u Pa^eBiiae (npiiTHKa rpa^e noK. Cto 
jaaa OfipaAOBuha)"'. 

Oa6op peoiaBa, Aa ce H.iaHais upuiiii 3a TAacHUK. 

V/ cacraHa/c, 28 ji/na 1883. 

Bii.ui cy : upeAceAaiiK CpeKKOBfit, lAaaoBn : M. Mii.mlieBiili, 
;L KoBaicBiiii, M. SeqeBut, apx. /l,yiuii, Job. PucTut, JeB. Fpyjiiti, 

fas. BllTKOBHt, Ct. BofflKOBHt. 

Bp i. 

r. CpeLKOBnh upoiuTa CBOJ usBemiaj o aBTo6iiorpa4)iijii noK. 
ATanaciija HHKOjiiitia, saBibyiyjylin, Aa ce laj cuiic ne MojKe inraM- 
uain ApyniTBeuoM TpoiiiKy. Apyr" pe(|)epeBaT r. M. 'B. MaAuLeBnli 
npeA-iajKe ua upoTiiB y CBojeM iisBemTajy, Aa ce iiojieeyTa aBTO- 
6uorpa(J)uja nixaiina. 

OA.iyjeHo uoc^ie AyJ^er caBexoBaaa: Aa ce cuuc iipiiMii y 
apxuBy, a oa ceKpexapa ApyniTBeHor oieKyje ce, Aa yMiiHii ciiosieH 
y roAnmfteii iisBeuixajy o atiiBoxy uoKOJHiiKOBy. KoHaMHa OA^iyKa o 
aixaiinaB.y oBora ciiiica AOHete ce AOHHiije, y CBeaii ca ocxa.iUM 
6Horpa(})iijaMa yiioKojeHHx y.iaHOBa ApyniTBeeHx. 

Pe4>epaxH Aa ce inxaMiiajy 

Bp. 2. 

,,Tpii iioxoMKa HuMaitiiua" oa r. Hb. HaBAOBuha, r. /l,y^Hli 
pe(J)epume ii iipeA^ia/Ee, Aa ce iiixaMiia y rjiacuiiKy. P. CpehKOBiili, 
paBAOffiHBinu caAP^HHv ciiiica, ocxaB^a OA6opy, Aa upesia tomb 
Aonece CBojy OA-iyisy. 

OA-iyieHo: Aa ce uixaiiiia :?ajeAHO ca pe-tepaxima. 



PAAH.A cpiiCKor yqEiior .ipvlutb.v 265 

Bp 3. 

.,nopeK.io KBC^a .laiiapa", oa r. Hb. naB.ioBiiha. 1'. Cpebuo- 
Buti npo^iira cBoj iiaBemraj o Tojie ciiucy. TaKO iicio iipoiina 
CBOj iisBemTaj o lojie ciiiicy r. Ayi"^ " iipeA-iaaje Aa ce uirawiia. 

npiiJia ce, a.iii Aa ce luraMiiajy ii pe(})epaTii. 

Bp. 4. 

r. CpetKOBiiL uoAnocn ApyiniBy iiacoin ToMe Byqiiba oa 1842 
roAiiHe. npiijia ce Aa ce nvBa y apxiiBu. 

Bp. 5. 

,,MaTcpiija.iu sa ucropiijy IJ,pue Tope", oa r Mapna J,paro- 
Biiha, ceKpexapa MimiicTapcxBa iipocBeie y Upaoj Topii. 

HsaSpaaii 6iiiiie sa pe({)epeHTe rr. /I,y4iib ii KoBaHoBiih, 

Bp. 6. 

^jiaaaK r. Fepiuuta: ,,norjieA Ha 6op6y iiaiieijy [i,eHTpa.iii:ia- 
mije II cauoyupaBe." Aa ce npomna iiAytier caciaHKa. 

VII cacranaK, I jy.ta 1883. 

Bu.iu cy : iipeAceAHUK r. CpeLKOBiiK, i.iauoBii : rr 3e4eBiiK, 
M. Mu4iilieBuli, BiiTKOBuh, Jb. KoaaqeBiih, apx. Ayi"ti, B. Jona- 
HOBiin, JeB. Fpyjiiti, r. repuiuii ii ceKpexap Job. BoiuKOBiih. 

Bp. 1. 

r. CpehKOBuh Qpouii-ra CBOJe HviauKe: ..ABiycriija Je.ieaa 
CpnKuaa u upsa cpiicKa ^aplI^a", ,,I],apiina JeBAOKUJa ii acciiot 
AejaH" u „II,apima Mapijja, iiOApyiKje Aeciioia Josaaa O-uiBepaKa." 

Ho AyJKoj AucKYciiju oA-iVHeao, Aa ce npuiie aa r.iacauK. 

Bp. 2. 

r. repiiinfe npoHuia cBoj H.iaiiaK : „lJ,eHTpa.iu3ami.ia ii Ae- 
ueaipaAusamija." 

OA-iyna, Aa ce upiiMii sa r.iacuiiK. 



266 PA4H.A cpncKor yMEHor' apvuitba 

IT. OA^opa 3a yMexHOCT. 

/ cacranaK, 4 jyHa 1883. 
BujIii cy H;iaHOBii : r.r, Mnxaiijio Ba.iTpoBHb, /l,aBopiiH Jchko, 
CseTosap ilBaiKOButi, ^paryTiia C. MiiviyTUHOBiih, JoBaH BoraKOBiili. 

Bp. 1. 

Ha npeA.ior npeAceAHUKa yaieTHUHKor OASopa, Aa 6ii u ose 
roAHHe xpeSajio iisaciaxu qjianoBe APyiniBOHe, Aa QpoAy^e iicnu- 
THBafte cuoMeHiiBa ciape cpacice yuexHOCTU 

Oa6op 0A-iy"iyje jeAuor.iacHo, Aa laaaoBu Ba^ipoBiili ii Mu- 
^yTQHOBiih 11 OBe roAOHe Ha ABa Meceu,a (jyjiii ii aBrycTi nyiyjy 
no Cp6iijn paAH ropaer iioc-ia, u Aa um ce, Kao u ao caA, Aa y 
iiMe nyiHor ipoiuKa no ABaaaecx Aimapa AaeBuo, cBatcoM oa h>ux. 

Bp. 2. 

IIpeAceAuiiK oA^opa iioahocu OA^opy aa yBut)aj mesAecex 
apxeaca exHorpa(j)CKiix canaaKa, Koje je nijonwe roAiiae ApyiuTBea.i 
HsacjiaauK, r. npo(J). Ba&a- Tuxe.i6ax, upxao no jaroAnacKOii a 
hynpnjcKOM oKpyry ; na sa xnii je npoiaxao nncno usac.iaanitOBO, 
y KOM jaBAa, Aa he naJAajLe ao 15 jyaa yqeaosie ApynixBy noA- 
aexu joui HeipAecei npxe^ea cyiiiqae caApainae, ca onuiiipauM ns- 
BeuixajeM o cboai jiaH>cKOM nyxoBaH>y. 

OaOop ysHsia aa (iobojLuo 3HaH.e, no mxo cy npiesu Beojia 
jieno uspaljean n y Be.iuKOM 6pojy, xe c xora OA-iy^yje, Aa ce r. 
TnTe;i6axy u obc roAnae AaAe 6ap oaoAUKa nouoL, Ko.iHKa n 
.laae, Aa 6ii Morao nacxaBiixii oaaj caoj paA- 

Bp. 3. 

IIpeAceAaHK uponaxa iincMO Mnancxpa npocBexe, kojum ce 
caonnixaBa nocjieAH,a BOJba iiok. liype /l,aanqiitja, n nuxa : Aa am 
6u ApyiiiTBO diMO BOviHo Aa u3Bpnni jeAay xa'iKy iioKojuiiKOBor 
TeciaMeara tiim, iiito 6\\ ciipewiuio ii usBituni.io cBe oho mxo xpeCa 
3a HOAnsaa.e cnojicHnKa aa rpof5y AaHiimihcBOM. 

yiiexan'iKii yAOop c aaJBeLoii roxoBouihy upnjia ce xora uo- 
c.ia n iiocxapate ce Aa ce cbii npexxoAHH uoc.iobii (Kao n.iaa n 
X. a) uito npe n3Bpnie n iioAaecy ynpaBii cpncKor yneaor Apym- 
TBa aa Aa.tn iiociyiiaK. 



PA4H.A cpncKor yiEHor 4i'yiiiTB\ 267 

Bp. 4. 

IIpeA^or jy^Hoc.ioBeHCKe aKaACMiije y 3arpe6y, Aii ce iioje- 
AiiHa KH>H3KeBua APyiUTBa II Hay4uiiu,ii ua c^ioBeiicKOM jyry iionpe- 
MeHO cacTajy na KftiiatesHe cKyiioBe, 

Oa6op y nane^iy iipusia c thm, KaA oiiuiiiiiau iiporiiasi o 
TOMe upeA^ory CTiirae, Aa ce laAa iiOTaHKO iipv-xpece, 

Bp. 5. 

LIpeAceAHiiK jaBAa, a''^ iiosHaxii eiHorpa* jysHoc.ioBeHCKii, 
r. HuKOJia ApceeoBiiL, HyAii cpucKoii yqeuoM ApymrBV ua otkvii 
ABe CBecKe (})OTorpa4)iija ca aeroBiix cmisiaKa napoAHor OAe-ia, ua 
6pojy iieipAGceT c^iiiKa ca upu.ioroM, 3a Herpdecer ifiopunnTn. 

Oa6op uoiuTyjykii peBuocx r. ApcenoBiiLa oko iipuKyiiAaifca 
HapoAHor HOiiiiiBa, ii xoieLu my iihu ua pyKy Aa ce iiy6.iiiKamija 
fteroBux paAOBa pasupocxpe wel^y ofipasoBauuM oapoAiiMa, — oa- 
^y^yje, Aa ce noAHeceue abc CBecKe $oxorpa'J)iija oxByne aa 6ii- 
6jH0xeKy cpncKor y^euor APymTBa. 

// cacranaK, 11 jytia 1883. 

Biuu cy : r.r. Mux. Ba.ixpoBut, AanopuH Jbhko, CBexo3ap 
HBaiKOBiit, "Bopbe Mu.ioBaaoBnli, Job. BoinKOBuh, A- Mn.iyxu- 

HOBUt, 

Bp. 1. 

npcAceAHHK oA^opa uoahocu na iiperAGA exHo^pal^cBe up- 
Tese r. 'Bopi^a Mu.ioBaHOBuLa, uojii ux je upiao Kao usacAaHiiit 
cpucKor yiieuor APyim^sa no saAeBCKOM ospyry. 

Oa6op je nperAeAao cxBapii ca saAOBOACXBOM » OA-iyiyje 
gajioyiuxii yiipasy, Aa n ose roAiiue uaaoiAe r. Mii.ioBauoBulia, 
aKO je Morylie Ha ABa iieceua, Aa npoAyau obo npiiKyQAafte ex- 
Horpa4>CKe rpa^e. 

Bp. 2. 

IIpeAceAHUK jaBAa, Aa je r. Ture.i6ax noAHeo uo cbosi o- 
6ehaH.y joui AsaAecex u ABa exuorpac{)CKa apxe--Ka. 

Oa6op yaujia na saaae. 

Bp. 3. 

Oa6op je A03Hao, Aa ce My3iu:a.iHU ciincii iiok. KupHe.mja 
CxaHKOBuha ciipewajy sa .iiiiorpacjiiicaae. 



268 PA4ibA cpiiCKor yqEHor apvuitba 

KaKo je cpncKO yneHO APymTBo n noKpeayyio Ty MHcao, a* 
ce CTaHKOButeBn cnncu oxKyiie ii sa uiTaainy upiinpaBe. n KaKO 
lacT cpiicKor aapoAa Hinre, Aa ce noMenyru cnucii eepno u apa- 
euAHo Ha CBei iisAaAy, sa Koje ce iiiuTe CTpyqeor 3HaH>a, to je 
OA^op MHin.teH.a, Aa ce r. MiieucTap npocBexe yMOAu, Aa 6piiry 
OKO niTaMuaFba uoBepu yMexHUiKoai OAOopy cpucKor yieHor APyniTBa. 

Bp. 4. 

^Liaa Mij;ioBaHOBu!i jaBiba, Aa he eTHorpa(j)CKe upxeiKe n3;io- 
SHTH iniipoj iiy6-iiinn. 

YsuMa ce Ha sHaae ca npHMeA6oM, Aa be oA^op iiAytie je- 
ceHU npupeAHTii oiiniTy usjioatSy CBiijy eTflorpa({)CKUx upiejEa, Koje 
cy uapaAii-ia o6a ApynixBena iisacjiaeuKa, r.r MiijioBaHOBuii ii 
TnTe,i6ax. 

y. iia ffliipeae Hayna m KftHiKeBnocxH y Hapo^. 

/ cacTanau, 19 (fkdpyapa 1883. 

Bu^n cy : rr. Maxub, CnacuL, J. BoraKOBut, Typowan, I3e- 
leBiifc, KAepuL, BaciubeButi, CpeLKOBiit, yloaauuh. 

Bp. 1. 

r. iipeAceAUUK yiipaBe cpucKor yienor ApvuixBa jasjba, Aa je 
uo npcAwiory 15 yyiaHOBa — /I,. MaxuLa, M. Cuacuiia, Ta. Ma.ie- 
Tiifca, /],. HenDita, K. LI,pBoropii,a, M. MuAOByKa, K. AAKOBiiLa, 
M. Se^eBulia, J. Typonaaa, ;I>. K^eputa, J\. CxojauoBuha, J. Bo- 
niKOBniia, J. 'BoptjeBiiha, C. jlosamilia, A. BacHJbeBuLa — yupasa 
OA-'iy'iu./ia, Aa ce KOHCxiixyniue uexu ,,oA6op sa mupeae nayita u 
KH>ua:eBeocTii y uapoA" Osaj Le OA^op, uyxeM raxaMue, npeAUBaxu 
jaBHOCTii : 

1. Cuiice, y Kojuiia ce ii3Aaaiy rjiaBHu Ha^ejia u oiiiue ucxuHe 
HayqHe. 

2. QperACAG ucxopiijcKor i)a3BiixKa ii cyBpeMenor CTaH.a Ha- 
yKe, Kao ii iiperjieAe jjesyjixaxa ao kojux ce uaynoM Aomyio Ha 
uo;by ApynixBeHor h lOBeyaucKor pasBHxica ii naiipexKa. 

3. HsBeiiixaje o uobom paAy ii iioKpexy, hobiim iioJMOBiiiia, 
iipeAVBeuuiia \i HaiipemiJia ua iiojty uavKe. 



PA4H5A cpncKor yqEHor APyuiTBA '21)9 

4. Kp«Tii4He nperJiCAe ii ouene BaacuHJiix KftJiseBHiiKu ii 
HayiHiix iipoii3Bo,i.a. 

5. r.iaBHa Ae.ia naniioua.iHC KftiiKeBHOcrii Aosiahe ii cxpaue. 
Obii paAOBii nrraMiiaLe ce y r^acHiiKV ii.iii y 3acf6uiiM ku.h- 

raaia, koko OA^op Hal^e 3a Ao6po, ii ohii Ke ce iiper.ieAaiii, oue- 
auBain ii HarpatjiiBaxii oaaKO, Kao iino ce iipeMCAajy, uueityjy 
II Barpal)yjy paAOBu APymx OA^opa yneHora ApyuixBa. 

y saAaxaK oA6opa y^iase cbc rpane HayKc C xora w y H,e- 
roBoj cpeAHHU xpe6a Aa 6yAy cjeAiiBCHii iipeAcxaBHiuui CBiijy ea- 
yKa. Obo te OA^op iiiiaxii na yjiy, KaA 6yAe iipeA.iarao HOBe M.ia- 
HOBe CBOje. 

TpoiiihOBii OKo miipeiba nayKe y uapoA noAMiipiiBahe ce: 

1. Hs cyMa Koje yopaBa cpiicKor yweaor APynixBa 6yAe hu- 
po^HTO 3a xo OAO^piiJia, iipejia iJiaiiKy 1 n 30 ApyrnxBeaor y- 
pe^eaa. 

2. Ms AOxoAaKa oa ciiiica ii KH.iira, Koje OA6op 6yAe ir.j- 
AaBao. 

3. Hs Ao6poBOjtHiix iipij^iora, saBemxaiba n xaKO Aa.te, Kojii 
6u 6vLAu nocBetieHH mnpeay HayKa ii KftiiaieBHOcxii y eapOA. 

y ocxa.ioM, mxo je ypetjeaeM cpucKor yqeaor ApyiuTsa npu- 
nncaHO 3a cse oACope OBora ApyuiiBa y oiinne, oho Baaiii ii 3a 
OBaj OA^op. 

KaA ce oa6op ycxaHOBii, oh te noAHexii viipaBii na oAo6pe- 
H>e join neKe Cmitkq OApeA^e o eannHy CBora iioc.iOBaaa. 

Bp. 2. 
3a upeAceAHiiKa OBor oA6opa iisaCpau je r. A. BaciijbeBiiL, 
a aa npuBpeMeHor iiepoBol^y C. M. ylosaniiti. 

Bp. 3. 
r.r. J. BouiKOBiiii H Apyrii i.iaHOBii iipeA^ia/Ky : 

a) 3a peAOBHe qiaaoBe : r.r. A-pa Jlxiy Kocniha, A-pa BojiicAaBa 
BaKnta, a -pa ^lasy K. ylasapcBiita, Jocii(})a Uemna, MiiAaua 

AHAOHOBUta. 

6) 3a noqacHe qAanoBe': r. apxiijepeja HuuiKor, BiiKiopa. u 
r. B-'iciiyiiija Bepemqarima. 

b) 3a AoniicHe qAanoBe : r.r. B.iaAUKy HuKanopa Tpyjiiha^ 
CxesaHa B. nonoBnfca, A-pa CxeBana IlaB.iOBiiha, A-pa lI-iHJy 0- 
rftaHOBHta, apxuMaHApiiTa HiiKOAuna Mii.iauia. 



270 PAAitA cpncKor vMEHor /ipyuiiBA 

OA^op npiiwa CBe npcAjioffieHHKe Aa ux npeAAOJKH rjiaBeojie 
cicyny Ha naSop. 

// cacrawaK, i7 .Mapra i883. 

Bbah cy : npeAceAHiiK A. BacujteBnti, HAaHOBU : Ba. JoBa- 
HOBflt, JoBaH 'Eop^eBuii, A-p B. BaKuli, J. BoniKOBiiti, D. Cpek- 
KOBnh, Job, ABaKysioBut, A-p Mux. Byjnb, Ta. Majiexiifc, K. Aa- 
KOBiiL, upoTOCUH^eA HuKaHop, J. ApararaeBiit, A"m. Maint, K. 
II,pHoropau, /I,. T&ypnti, M. AeaohobiiL, a-P ^- K. ylasapeBuL, 
Joe. TIeunt, A-p Job. TypowaH, A-P ^asa KocTiit, C. ylosaHiik. 

Bp. 1. 
Ho niTO ce r. ylo3aHHli casio 3a Bpesie upuMuo Aa 6yAe ne- 
poBol)a. TO ce sa ciaAHor nepoBol/y 6upa r. M. Byjut. 

Bp. 2. 
IIpoiHTa ce II noTuiica npoTOKOA uponiAor caciaHKa. 

Bp. 3. 

npoiHTa ce nncMO r. MimiiCTpa npocBeie, Koje ynpaBa 
cnpoBOAH OBOM OA^opy na luiiiiijbeibe, a y kom ce nuia : kojhm 
cpeACTBUAia MiicAu paAiiTH OBaj uoBooSpasoBaHii neiu OA6op. Ho 
AyffieM caBBTOBaifcy 6ii oAAyieHO OBaKo- 

EpcMa nsjieHaMa ii AOuyHaMa oa roAHee 1878 y ype^eay 
ApymiBa, ouo una Ha Asa Haiima Aa paAn na Haymi (ociim IV-or 
OA6opa Kojii je sa vMexHOCT) : y I, II u III OA^opy Aa o6pai>yje 
OTBopeHa iiHTaaa, a y V-tom Aa raiipu y HapoA CBpinena uuiaBa. 
06e Bpcxe paAa AOAase y FAacHiiK. A uosHaio je, KaKO ce opran 
ApyniTBeuii inxaMua h nHCii,nMa Aajy xoHopapu {ha. 30). PaAu 
6oA.er iiperABAa u AaKiner HaAaaiefta ApyuiTBeHux iiocAOBa. oho 
MOffie KOA HOJeAUHiix Kftiira cBora oprana CTaBinii Hapoiuxa o6e- 
Aeaija, Kao : Kaura 52 pacnpase, KBura 53 rpai^a, KBiira 54 paA 
nexora OA6opa : — xo je aeroea vHyxpainita cxsap. 

y lAaHKy iipBOM ApyinxBeeora ype^eaa cxojii, a^ ApyuiTBO 
Ha raupeae nayna u KaiixeBiiocxn y HapoA ^Mome noxponiHiH 
caMO OHa cpcACXBa, Koja 6u ua xaj uocao diiAa Hapoiuxo Ha6a- 
BAena uau 0Apel)eHa." To SHaiii, Aa cpcAcxsa sa lo iiopajy Siixii 
lUii Hapo4UTO HafiaBACHa uah HapoMiixo OApe^eea, a He : Hapo- 



PAAH^A cpiiCKor yqEHor 4PyiUTB\ 271 

HHTO HaSaB^eHa aa OApeljCHa. A ko Tpe6a ra cpcACTBa Hapoqaxo 
Aa OApeA'i ? — Mu miic/iumo yiipasa, ii to upeMa H.iaHmiiia ype- 
^eaa : 15 (y iioc^ieAaeM saqeiKy), 30 ii 48. 

Tora paAii yiipaBa je najieHiiiia u CKyu je oAoCpMO u iio- 
TBpAuo iieTOJie OA^opy ii3 OBoroAuinn.er Syyera iiexii ago ua rpoiu- 
KOBe. Ami y caMOJ CTBopii oh be ao6utii oBe roAiiue caMo ac- 
cexn AGO, jep je ca iipBOM do.iobiihom paHyucKC roAiiHe iiorpome- 
Ha H no^oBiiHa Syijexa. 

A inxo ce Time ,,Kiiura sa uapoA". Koje iiexii oA^iop miic.iu 
iiSAaBaxH nopcA r.iacHiiKa, oh to ae Moate u He Le hhhuth Aoja- 
KOUiftiiM cpeAcxBuiia. 3a to Ba^a napoHUTo nauaeuTu HOBa. Mel)y 
TUM, AOK to hb 6yAe, OA^op He he TpouiUTH Ha h.ux uiiKaKBUx 
H0Baii,a, Hero Le najiipe nspaAHxii cBoj iiporpasi y iiojeAiiHOCTUMa, 
uucTapate ce Aa Hai^e Ba^ane Qnci;e sa iiojeaime iipeAMCTe h 
cnpeMute A^^ia, na KaA cee to 6yAe totobo, OHAa te ce uo6pu- 
HyTii u 3a cpeACTBa (iipeiia i.i. 48 ype^eaa). 

A cpeACTBa la 6iiAa 6n OBa : 

1" ToAunifta aperuAara aa CBe cnHce ApyuiTBeHe, to jecT 
KO njaTD OApe^eny cywy HOBaua y HaupeA sa uonyjiapne cnuce 
ApyraxBeHe, Ao6iite ys h>ux npcKO ApyniTBeHux nosepeHUKa, h cbb 
CTporo HayiHC, Kojii 6yAy nsara.au sa roAuay Aaaa. 

2^ IIpiiBaTHii apuA03u; oBAe Ba^a pasyueTii u BeLe cyMe 
Ao6poTBopa HSAaBaia. 

3"^ 3aeeiuTahba, .lezaru u nnpoHUTu ^oudoeu; aPJiutbo Le ce 
CTapaTU, uixaMnoM ii npeKO CBOJiix nosepeHUKa, Aa ce xo o- 
CTsapH, Aa 6ii upu Bpraefty cBora npocBexHor saAaTKa Mor.io yiio- 
TpediiTu u AapoBe nojeAuaux njuyliHiix poAOAy6a, a He CBy uoMot 
Aa Hsr^eAa caMO oa APJsaBe. 

4" /l,o6nTaK od yeeRane npb^e KHiuia, mhmo iipeTiuaTV. 

/l,oxoau OA Te Befce npoBpcAC uin.in 6u y iipu.ior ne caiio 
neTOMe OA^opy, Hero u ocTajiuiia ; jep je jcAaa 6ypeT aa ne^io 
ApyniTBO, Koju yupaaa cnpeMa a cityii yTsp^yje, le xaKO paA ne- 
Tora oA^opa ne he HuaaKo 6hth na mTeTy ocxaAiiMa, a napoAy 
Moate 6uTH oa BeAUKe KopiicTn. 

Bp. 4. 

npeAceAHDK jaBJba, Aa cy ce iiopeA 15 i.iaHOBa ocHUBaia 
y OBaj OA^op vnucaAU join n obu hobii H.iaHOBU : r,r. CieBae 



97') 



P-MlfcA CPnCKOr VMEHOr JpytUTBA 



SApaBKOBiit, JoBHH ^parauieBiili, IlaHTa C'petKOBiit, B^. JosaHo- 
But, /l,nMHTpuje iDypiiti. a ii obu HOBo-iisadpaHii : A-p. ^1- KocTiiii, 
A-p B. BaKiiii, npoTociiHt)e;i HiiKaHop. a-p M. Byjuk, Mu;iaH 
AHAOHOBiih, JocikJ) IIen,nli. Job. ABaKyMOBiiii, ii a-P ^1- K- jlasa- 
peBiit, II raKO ce KOQCxaxyje, Aa y ueroiie OA6opy ii>ia caA CBera 
2T i.iaHOBa (jep je jeAan jiel^y tum yjipbo). 

Bp. 5. 

Ilpoiiiia ce uiicMO ^JyacHOc^ioBeHCKe aKaACMiije SHaHocxu u 
yjijeTHOCTii" y 3arpe6y, Koje yupasa majbe oboji OA^opy Ha mu- 
tu.ieH.e, a y Koiie ce noKpete Mucao o cacxaHEUMa jyaiHoc.ioBeH- 
OKUX eayieuKa u KFbuajeBHiiKa. Oa6op je Miinubefta : Aa 6u OBy 
Miicao BaAa.io iipuxBaxiixii y Haqe^iy, a ca CBaKiBi AajtiiJi peme- 
H>eM n.iH uocxyiiKOM iipiiieKaxii cbc Aox^ie, aok ce oa cipaHe jy- 
SKHOc;ioBeHCKe aKaAe>iiije ue Aooiije Aeiajtan npojeuax iiporpaMao 
oBaKHM cacxaHaHMa. 

/// cacranaK, 2 aupuAa 1883. 

Bii.iu cy: iipeAceAHUK A. BaciiJbeBiili, ijjiaeoBii : /I,. Maxnt, 
B.iaAiiMnp JoBaHOBut, J. ABaKYMOBufc, J. nemib, J. TDop^eBufc, J. 
TyposiaH, npoxociiH^e^i HiiKanop Pyatuqiih, C. ylosaHiit, Job. Boin- 
KOBiili, M. SeieBiit, Jh. Kjiepiih, 'B. Mayiexnt, Mux. Byjut, M. 
AsAOHOBHt, Ct. SApaBKOBut, A-p B. BaKiit, /I,. 'Bypiili, A-p ^1- K. 
ylasapeBDti. 

Bp. 1. 

DpoqHxa ce ii noxniica saiiucHUK npeljamner cacxaeKa. 

Bp. 2. 

rociioAiiH BaciiJbeBHt Muxa CBOjy pacnpaBy sa FAacHOK : 
,,JeAHO nnxaae 113 yiiopeAHe iiciixo.ionije", y KaKBOM oahocv cTOJe 
(})U3n4ue oco6iiHe pace u cnoyia iipejia AymeBHUMa. 

Iloc^e HeKux oMaitiix iipiiMCAada 11 o6jamH>eH.a, 0A.^y?eH0 
611 : Aa ce paciipaBa ycBojii n unajina y F-iacHiiKy. 

Bp. 3. 

Ha ni)eA.ior r. Maxiilia cacxanmiMa c p 11 c k 11 x KBiiateB- 
HiiKa II HayHHiiKa oA^y^eHO 611, Aa ce OBa sincao caoiimxn yiipaBii. 



pa4HjA cpncKor yqEHor apvuitba 273 

Bp. 4. 

H;iaH JoBae BomKOBiih iipeA^iaaje : 

1. Aa iiexii OA6op uajiipe iipiiBaxHO a sa tum iipt-uo yiipane 
yneHora ApynixBa cryiiii y nperoBope ca iiopu^uuoM Bysa Ciec}). 
Kapaijuha, paAH oncyua iipasa Ha npeuiTaMiiaBae.e cbiix Ae.ia 

ByKOBHX. 

2. Aa nexji OA6op iio^aKO KpiiximKu lUAa CBa Ae.ia Jocii- 
Tujesa, ByKOBa h AaHiiMnheBa, y cbojhm KH>nraMa aa ujpoA. 

3. Aa OBaj OA^op ii3i1epe noBcpeHCXBo oa xpii M.iaaa, kojii 
6ii My iipeA-ioiKiMH, KaKO Aa ce upeHecy ByKOse kocxii iia Be'ia y 
BeorpaA (HasHaHHsniii yjcAeo aa xo n uiiipii ii 3 b p m h ii oA^>op); 
jep je xowe Beh Kpajae Bpeiie, 110 iirro Le ce, Kao 4iixa>io y ho- 
BMuaiia, ceuxeiuGpa jieceua OBe roAime pacKOiiaxii rpo6;be cb. MapKa 
y Beiy, aa uocjie He 6ncuo mofau uuKaKO BHine yiiiHiixii xaj 
npeHOC. 

YcBaja ce npeAAor y Haije^iy, a sa iioBcpeHUKe 6iipajy ce 
rocuoAa: JoBaH BouikobuIi, CaBa CpexeHOBiit h CBexucAaB By^ioBuh. 
KOJH he Aa npoMucje npeA-iory noA 1 u 3 11 Aa iipiinpaBe mxo 
xpe6a, iia Aa ce AOHece KoeaqHa OA^yaa. 

Bp. 5. 
HcxH q^aH uoahoch h a u p i sa nporpaM paAa nexora oa- 
dopa, Boju Macu : 

I. 
CpucKO yiCHO APynixBo iiSAaBate oa caA abb spcxe Kinira : 
r^iacHHK 11 — 6H6AiioxeKy Kftiira 3a eapoA- 

nojeAUHe csecKe F^iacHiiKa nociilie, iicdoa 6poja KH>Hre, o6e- 
.leaije: pacnpaBe, rpa^a, paA nexora OA6opa. 

II. 
Oa CBaKe Bpcxe paAa Mory Hsatii roAHOiBe uo BHine KH.ura. 
KftHre He xpe6a Aa cy KaSacxe a xeiuse : 10 ao 20 xa6aKa; 
FAacHimH Ha bbjIhkoj ocmuhii a ocxajie Ha na/ioj. 

III. 

ApynixBO he CBaKe roA"ue oxBopuxu iipexn.iaxy na CBa Apy- 
raxBeHa nsAaaa sa jeAHy roAiiay, oSBesyjyliH ce Aa Aa roAumfte 4 
AO 6 KBura pasAuqnora caApacaja. 

MACHHK LIV 18 



274 PAjtbA cpncKor jMEHor apjiutba 

npein^aia ce y osaj Max ycTaHOB.i>aBa ea 6 Aunapa (ii.ih 
3 (j[)op. a. Bp.) roAiiinibe. ^ytancKa ueea 6uLe Beta eero y nper- 
u^ain. 

IV. 

PaAn cKyu.i>aH>a upein/iaTe, APyniTBO fee cse aeji.'be y Kojima 
Cp6H xnse noAe.iiiTU Ha Heee KRHseBHe cpesose. Oho be ce no- 
6pnHy'ru, Aa y csaKOM laKOBOii cpesy na^e no jeAHora n o b e- 
peHHEa APyniTBeHor. Tn uoBepeHiimi ciaLe APyinTBY npein.iaxy, 
a OBO RUMa cBoja usAaaa 4a ux AocTase iipeTii.iaTHimiJMa. Ho- 
mxapnHy u.iaiiaLe CBaKii uyT oua CTpana, Koja majte KanaB 110- 
c.iaTaE. 

DpoBU3ujn Kao 11 jaBHOwe upii3HaH>y u aaxBjt.iHOCTii no- 
MeHyTHM iioBepeHumiMa oA-iyiyje ynpasa y^eHora ApymxEa Ha 
npeAAor iieTora OA^opa. 

V. 

Ulra 611 y iipBii iiax sajta^o iiSAaBarii y KBiiraiua aa HapoA: 
HeiHpn uepiioAa cpiicKe iiciopiije, CBaKii na no ce. — Eper.ieA 
cpncKe KftnateBHOCTii. — HapoAHy eKOHOMHJy — weHiiuaMa n 
TproBa^KOM npasy. — IlpaBa 11 avskhoctu cpncKora ,ip:KaBAaHHHa. 

— [lie-iapcTBO. — CBiuapcTBO. — BoLapcTBO. — BunapcTBO. — 
6e/iOM ciioKy u ciipeBy ciipa na iixa^injaHCKy u niBajnapcKy ua- 
npasy. — Benau iipiipoAHiix HayKa. — wtyuc (Lewes), {jinaiiOyiornja 
CBaKHAaraftera xiiBOTa, c eHrAecEora — CaiaJAC (Smiles), IIomo'.iu 
caji ce6ii, Ay^iHOCTU, EapaEiepy, lOTeAftU, c enrAecKora, Aa 
ce npeBeAe 11 upepaAn — Miicau jeAHe jKene JKeHaMa. (Collec- 
tion of British Authors, Tauchnitz edition, vol. 506). — jKeHCEir 
Tpe6miE. — KyxHHCEa xeMnja. — Xea (Hehn), IlBTOMe duAse u 
AOJiahe aci!BOTi(H>e. — KacicAap, yciiosieHe Ha HiaAiijy. — Owup, 
HpoAOT, /],iiM0CTeH. — Xopamije, II,iiii,epoH, Tamii, Caiyciiije 
Kpiicii. — CepBauxec. — IlleKciiupoBe ApaMe. — MesoAej, Hcxo- 
pnja EHFAecEC. — HsSop rAaBuiix AeAa pycEiix, iioaceiix h qeniEUX. 

— H360P uiicaua Ay6poBaMKnx, AaAwaxiiHCEUx, cAaBOiiCEOx 11 60- 
cancEux, iipel)auiibiix BCEOBa, kupiiAimosi. — Kftura aaHaxiisia. 

— PiiA (Riehl), nopoAuuH. — Aowafeeji BacuoTaBy. — 
AVJKHocxHMa cBeinxeHii4Eora mina. c pycKora. — H xaso AaA>e. 

H3 oBaEiix AeAa, Koja 6yAy Ao.iasuAa 11.111 ux nexii OA6op 
caji 6yAe iipiipeljiiBao, (JiipaLe ce no 3 ao 6 EosiaAa 3a jeAny 
roAiiny. pas.iiiHHora caApsaja. 



P.MH>A CPnCKOr y»lEHOr 4PyLUTB\ 275 

OA^yieHO (5ii : Aa ce BeLaite o tomc upeA.iory dAroA" aa 
Apyry ceAHHuy. 



B. ynPABA. 

1 cacraHaK, 5 (pedpyapa 1883 

Bi\A\i cy : iipeAceABHK BAaAHMnp JoBauoBnL, H.iaHoBii : Ct. 
3ApaBK0Bnh, n. CpeLKOBHli, Cb. HuKo^ajeBiiL. — llpuBp. ceKpexap. 
Ctbb /I,. IIouoBiili. 

Bp. 1. 

IIpeAceAHHK APyiHTBa caonmiaBa, Aa je y OA6opy 3a HavKe 
ApyuiTseHe ii nciopujcKe aa BeroBO Jiecxo iisadpau 3a iipeAceAuiiKa 
OA6opy : i^iaH TlauTa CpeAnoeufi. 

Bp. 2. 
Hsa' paH 6u 3a saweHaKa iipeAceAHHKy APyuirBa H.iau yupaBe 
■CreeaH 3dpaeKoeuA. 

II cacraHaK, 17 cpedpyapa 1883. 

BuMi cy : upeAceAHHK B;i. JoBaHOBut, M.iaHOBU : Ct. -SApas- 
KOBHt, n. CpehKOBuli. — DpuBp. ceKpexap, Cxes. /I,. IIoiiobuL. 

Bp. 1. 

Upo^iuTa ce iiiiCMO r. MHHUCTpa upocBeie ii upKBeaiix iio- 
ciOBa OA 12 ({)e6pyapa o. r. IIBp. 946, kojum uiixa ApyinxBo : je 
AM BOAHO Aa ce upuMU DOAiisaita rB03AeHe orpaAe u cnojieHiiKa 
Ha rpo6y iioe. A-pa '£. /l,aH»iiiita OHaKO, KaKO je 2ie.ieo iiokojhiik 
y CBOMe xecxaMCHxy, h aKO jecx, KaA 6n xo hotao yiuairru. 

OAjiy^eeo, Aa ce upexxoAHO yuyxa yMCXHii^iKOM OACopy aa 
MH>eH.e, na upeiua BeroBOM upcA-iory Aa ce Aouaiije Aoaece ko- 
aaqaa oA^ysa. 

Bp. 2. 

HpeAceAauK caoiinixaBa iHiCMeau npcA-ior r. /I,iiMHXpiija Ma- 
Tolia, q^aea cpucKor yqeaor ApyniTBa, Aa ce cacxaaii peracxap 
caApJEDHe CBcra oaora, inxo je ao caA naaui.io y APyniTBeaoii op- 
rany „r.iacHUKy". 

18* 



276 PA4H,A cpncKor VMEHor apviutba 

OAJiyieHo, Aa ce oBaj npeA^ior AociaBn ao 3HaH>a CBOMa oa- 
(5opuMa, re Aa CBaicn no CBOJoj cxpymi iiajaBii, KaKO 6u ce naj- 
upaKTHiHHJe raj perucxap Morao yAeciiTii. 

Bp. 3. 

llexHaecT peAOBHiix i^aeoBa ApymrBa paamix OA^opa noA- 
Hoce OBaj npeA-ior aa oGpaaoBaae nerora OA^opa kojii je upeABU- 
^eu y APytuTBemiM CTaxyTiiwa: 

„yupaBU cpucKor yicHor Apyunsa. 

IIpeMa ijauKy 1 saueraK 2 ii lyiaeKy 15 6poj 5 ypetjeaa 
cpncBor yieeor APyuiTsa oa 3 jaayapa 1869 u aeroBiix iiaiieHa if 
AonyHa, uoiBpl^eHiix HaJBiuuosi B^iaiuhy, oa 27 Maja 1878, Kao ii 
npeiia fAaaKy 10 aaieraK 2, ii ^a. 18, noTniicaHii peAOBHH lAa,- 
HOBH ApyniTBa moAC 3a oAo6peH.e, Aa Mory cacxaBiiTii uexu oa6op 
y ApynixBy sa ninpeifce aayKa ii Kftu^eBHOcxH no HapoAy. 

noMenyxH HjiaHuu ypeljeaa ryiace : 

„l-n . . /I,pyuixB0 MOJKe npcKO HapoHHXHX OA^opa cxapaxa 
ce H paAiixii uiiipeH>y uayKe u KftuateBHOcxii y sehe KpyroBe, 
ajiii aa xo MOKe yiioTpe6iixn caMO oea cpeACXBa, Koja 6h aa xaj 
Docao 6njia eapo^iixo Ha6aBAeHa nyin OApeljeHa*. 

,15-u 5" Oa6oph sa iiiiipeH.e aayKa u KituseBHOcxu y napoA. 
IIporpaM OBHM oA^opiiMa OApeljyje ynpasa ApyiDTsa npesia cpcA- 
cxBHSia u iioxpe6ii." 

„10-H Bpoj 4viaiioBa OApel^eu je y obum rpaHnuaiia : PeAOB- 
Hiix qjiueoBa y cBaKoii OA^opy ue Maaii oa nex . . . .* 

PaAii Tora ynpaBa ueKa U3bo;ih HapcAuxH : 

CacxaBJba ce iiexii OA(5op y cpncBOM yieaoM ApymxBy, sa 
niupeH>e aayaa ii KB.HJKeBH0cxn y aapoA. 

'3aAaxaK je obom OA6opy Aa unipn y aapoA aayKe, Koje cy 
noxpeSae aa APyniTBeaii ii aapoAaii pasBHxaK a aanpeAaK. 

Uyxeji unaMne OA^op iipeAaje jaaaocxn : 

1" Cniice y Kojima ce iia^aaiy MaBaa aane^ia n Caxae iic- 
Tuae Haynae. 

2** IlperyieAe iicxopiijcKor pa3BnrKa a cyapeMeaor cxaH>a 
HayKe ; Kao n iiper.ieAe pesvAxaxa ao kojhx ce aayKOM aouiao aa 
noAV APyniTBeaor a HOBeiaacKor pasBuxKa a aaiipexKa. 

3-e Haaeurraje o bobom paAy a noKpexy, bobiim uojaBBiia, 
npeAyaeaiiMa a aaiipeaaMa aa no^y aayue. 



PAAH>A cpiicKor yqEHor ,ipymrB\ 277 

4" KpiiTiiHKe upei'.ieAe n oneoe Baamijux kh^iikcbuiix it 
uayHHiix iipoii3BOAa. 

5" r.iasHa AQAix iiau,iiOHa;ine KH>ii/KeBH0CTU aomuLc ii cipaue. 

Obh paAOBii iiiTaMiiahe ce y TjiacHiiKy u.i i y 3ace6Hi!M k»>ii- 
raMa, KaKo OA6op Ha^e aa Ao5po ; a ohii he ce iiper.icAaTu, oiu-- 
ftiiBaTii H uarpat;HBaTU oaauo, Kao luro ce iiper.icAiijy, oueibyjy 'i 
Harpa^yjy u paAOBii Apynix oA^opa yneHor APyiuTBo. 

y saAaraK oA6opa y^ase cse rpaHe eaytte. C rora h y H.e- 
roBOJ cpeAiiuH xpeSa Aa 6yAy cjeAiiFfceau iipeAcraBuimii CBiijy 
HayKa. Obo Le oa6op iiMarii ua ysiy, KaA Cyac iipeA-iarao hobc 
qyiaHOBe cBoje. 

TpomKOBH OKO luiipeaa aayita y aapoA iioAMiipiiBahe ce: 

1" Ha cyma Koje ynpaBa cpiicKor yMeaor ApyuiTBa 6yAe iia- 
poMUTO sa TO oApeAUjia, npeiia 4.iaHKy 1 ii 30 ApyuiTBeHor y- 
pe^eiba. 

2" lis AoxoAaKa oa cniica ii Kifciira, Koje 0A6op 6yAe ii3- 
AaBao. 

3*^^ Ha Ao6poBOjbHux npu^ora, 3aBeiiiTaH>a ii laKO AaAC, Kojn 
6ii 6iijin uocBeheuu inupeay HayKa ii KitiiiEeBHocTii y uapoA. 

y ocxajioM, uiTO je ypet^efteii cpiicKor yieflor APyuJTBa iipo- 
iiHcaHO 3a CBS OA^ope OBora ApyuiTBa y oumxe, ouo Baain ii aa 
OBaj oa6op 

KaA ce oa6op yciaHOBii, oh Le uoAueTii vupaBii ua 0A06pe- 
H>e joui HeKe 6yiiiKe oApeA^e o uaHimj cBora iioc40BaH>a. 

Mo.iHMO Aa ce OAjiyua yupaBiiaa caoiiuiTii iipBonoTiiiicaHOJie. 

y BeorpaAy na Aaa cb. CiiMeyna (CTe4)aHa Heiiafte) 1883 
PeAOBHu w.iaHOBU ApyiuTBa : /],. MaxuL, M. Miijiobvk, /],. Cxojauo- 
But, M. CuaciiL, K. A.iKOBut, Josae BoinKOButi. %. Ma^iexuL, M. 
3eqeBuli, Josan 'Bop^eBiiL, /[. Heiiiuli, J. TypoiiaH, C M. ^loaa- 
Huh, K. I],pBoropau, Ji>. KyiepiiL, A. BacujteBuh." 

IIpiiBp. ceKpexap iipuwehyje, Aa 6ii OBaj iipeA-ior xpe6a.io 
HsaeTU Ha ApyroM kom cacxaHKy, KaA 6ii Ouam iipiicyruii cbh i.ia- 
HOBH yiipase, no leM je crsap oa Beter aHawaja, a cpeACXBu 
ApynixBeHa He AocxiiKy hu aa paAOBe caAauiaiix oA^opa. 

Ocxaju q^ianoBu npiiMchyjy, Aa be ce ua paAose osor uoBor 
OA^opa xporaiixii oa APJKaBue noiiohii cajio xeK ueKU Aeo, uo uiio 
ce noAMiipe aaxxcBu caAamaux OA^opa ii Aa y xojie uewa Hiina- 
BBe CMexae 3a paAfty xux OA^opa. DpeA-ior je BCOMa Kopiicxaa, 



278 PA4H>A cpncKor yqenor 4pviutba 

jep he OBaKo ApynixBO Motu Aotu y 6auis,ii aoahp c lUTa.iaMKnii 
cseTOM, u npoAaBaaew BaAannx nony^apHiix Ae^ia iioate CBOje 
HOBiaHe npuxoAe yBetaiH. 

OA-iyieHO, Aa ce Ha ocHOBy ha. 1 ir 15 APymTBeHor ype- 
l)eH,a, npeAjiara4ii noaoBy, Aa caciaBe OA6op sa umpeite Haysa u 
BBUffieBHOcTii y aapoA. 3aAP>KaBajytin npaBO, Aa nporpaM obom 
OA^opy OApei)yje iipeiia cpeACXBiiMa u uorpeSn, yupaBa ycBaja Ha- 
leaa Koja cy y obom aKiy HS-ioseHa, Kao npsy ocHOBy 3a cacia- 
BAaae OA6opa a noqeiaK aeroBe paAfte. 

IIpeAceAHUK ce ApyiniBa OByiainhyje, Aa casoBS npeA^arane 
Ha cacraHaK paA" KOHcxHTyncafta OA^opa. 

Bp. 4. 

DpiiBpeMeHU cenpexap npo^iuTa upiiBpeMeHU usBemiaj o ciaay 
jiarauuHa Kftiira (usAafta) APyiuTBennx. 

OA^iy^CHO : 1°, Aa ce jaBii r. MHHiiCTpy, Aa ce oa F^iaCHUKa 
u ocxa.iHX Apyrux usAama Mose ycxyniixu cbc, ochm no oO erseii- 
n-iapa, nojii ce oa CBaKora Ae.ia Hsiajy saApaaxn 3a noxpefiy Apy- 
inxBa. — 2", ynpaBa Hajiasn sa noxpeSno, Aa ce OTUoiHe iio- 
cxyiiHO npeoiiaMnaBaBe onnx F^acHUKa, Kojux u.m HHKaKO neMa 
ii.iii Kojii Eucy BHuie sacxyiiAeHu ho y 50 KOMaAa. xowe Aa ce 
ciiopaayMe ca r. Miinncxpoii npocBexe. — 3-e, Aa ce uosoBy kh>ii- 
aiapii. KOA Kojiix iijia y KOMiiciioHy ApyniTBeHnx usAaaa, Aa uoa- 
Hecy panyue o xomc, mxa cy npoAa^ii ii kojihko join HeiipoAaeo- 
ra HMa. 

Bp. 5. 

Join paenje y ynpasii iioKpenyxo unxaae o iio.ioasajy ceKpe- 
xapa ApyiuxBBHor, yaexo je Aanac y upexpec. IIojeAiiun H.iaHOBU 
yiipaBe imcie Aa 6u HajSo^e 6uao, KaA 6u ce saxoABojima H3a- 
6pa;ia n Jietjy ftniia nocao OBauo noACAuo : 

JedaH : 

a) Aa BOAu 3aiiucHHK na cacxaHumia yupase u MaBHora 
CKyna ; 

6) Aa HSBpinyje c upeAceAHUBOM cse uixo ce OA^iynn y 
ynpaBu ; 

a) Aa HOBHM i.iauoBniia caoiinixaBa n36op n AOcxaB^a a"- 
ii;i0Me ; 



pajhjA cpncKor yqEHor apvuitha ?79 

z) A& BOAH ueay iipeiiiicKy ca cxpamiM ApyinTBima ii n.ia- 
CTUMa y 3eMAH, iipejia iiorpeOii ; 

d) Aa BOA" AueBiiiiK HOBnaHiix iipiiMaiba ii n3.;aBaH.a (rAe 
Ao.iasii : ApataBHa uomoL, upiixoAn oa iiSAaaa ApymTBeHiix, xoho- 
papn nucuHMa wnjii ce Mjiauaii iipuMC, luaxa APViDTBemix 3BaBii4- 
HHKa u iiocjiyatiiTeAa, iisAami Ha pasee iiOTpe6e : eKciieAuuuje, 
KftHffiHime, KaHue^iapuje » ap-)' 

^) Aa OApeljyje kojiim Le ce KaiiatajJiiMa ii uoa KaKiiM yc.io- 
Bima usAaBaiii y komiicuou ApyiBTBeaa iisAaiLa, ii Aa boau paiyuu 
THM ii3AaH>uMa II upuMaauMa ; 

e) Aa ce 6puHe sa uiiaMiiy ApyiUTBcuor opraua ii Apynix 
Aeyia Koja ApymrBo iiBAaje, Aa ap^h KopeKrypy oa CBcra 3BaHii'i- 
Hor Maxepujayia u Aa ce crapa sa iiOBea Kitiira. 
4py2u : 

a) Aa BOAU iiocjiGBHn npoiOKO^ h Aa je apxiiBa CBasaA 
y peAV ; 

6) Aa BOAH HHBeHxap ApyraxBene 6u6.iiioxeite ii cuiicKOBe 
HaMenixaja h APynix cxsapii KaHiiejiapiijcKiix ; 

el Aa ce Spiiee sa xaieo oxupaBAaae „r4aceiiKa" n Apynix 
ApyraTBennx usAnita CBiiMa i^iaiiOBUMa ii ApyiuTBiiMa c Kojiiiia je 
cpncKO yqeHo ApymxBo y cbosh ; 

t) Aa uoMaate ceKpexapy y Bol)eH>y pasHOBpcae iipeiiiicKe ii 
y eKciieAHitiijii •, ii 

d) Aa BOAH cniicKOBe u pa4yHe o KitnraMa Koje ApymxBo 
H3Aaje. 

Hy KaKO ce no uuciuy r. sniHiicxpa upocBSxe ii upKBeHiix 
noc^OBa He Moate oqeBHsaxu Aa he ce OAo6piixii, Aa ApyuiTBo njia 
ABa, HOxnyHO paBHOupaBHa ceKpeiapa, xo He ocxaje Hitinxa Apyro 
HO Aa ce Ha CKyuy 6npa jeAan ceitpexap, kojh he iipema ApyiHXBV 
jeAHHH OAi'OBopaH 6uxii, :i OH, 110 OAo6peu>y viipaBe, Aa ysjie ce6i< 
iioMohHiiKa, c KOJHM he AejiiiTii uocioBG II narpaAy, KaKO caMii 
Mel)y co6oM sa najSojbe aa^y. 

Epeiia xoMB oA-iynii ce, Aa ce y xom cmiiciv yquHii iipcA- 
,ior cKyiiy, a uyiaxa cespexapy Aa 6yAe 2400 AHuapa aa roAnay. 
(KoHaiHy oA^iyicy o xoj cxBapii r.iCAaj y 3aiiiicHiiKy III cacxaaica 
yiipaBe, uoa 6p 4). 



280 PA4H>A cpncKor yqEHor 4pymTBA 

Bp. 6. 
Aa^e je OA-iyieHO : Aa ce casose cKyii yieaor ApyniTBa 27 
0. M. > 10 n no lacoBa iipe iiOAae, Ji,ueBan pcA 6iihe: 

1. OCsHaHiite ce iipoivieHe y ynpasH ; 

2. OSsHaHiihe ce ycTaaoBJbefte uexor OA^opa ApyinTBeHor ; 

3. Il3a6patie ce ceKpeiap ApyuiTBa h OApeAUTH My narpaAa, 

/// cacraHaK, 24 (fteSpyapa 1883. 
BuAii cy : npeAceAHUK, BAaAHMHp JoBaHOBut u lAaHOBH : 
A.iHMnuje BaciubeBiih, EaHxa CpehKOBnt, Cbctom HuKOAajeBuL. 
— IlpHBp, ceKperap, Ctcb. A- IloiioBiiti. 

Bp. 1. 
Hpo^HTa ce npoTOKOA II caciaHKa. Ilocjie HeKMx HcnpaaaEa 
Eoje cy yqufteae y caMOM saiincHiiKy, ycBaja ce. 

Bp. 2. 

A./iiiMnuje BacHACBHt Kao iipe^ceAHHK neiora OA^opa jaB^a, 
Aa je ca 3HaH>eM yupaBe oSpasoBan ueiii OA^op 3a ranpeH>e eayKe 
u KBHKeBHocTu y HapoA, u Aa je oh nsadpae 3a npeAceAHDKa 
Toiie OA^opy, a sa nepoBol)y Cniia jlosanuL. yjeAHO doahocu 
vupaBii nporpaai paAa iiciora oA6opa, kojh je ii3/i0JKeH 6no join y 
npeA^iiory sa ycxaHOBAeae lora oA^opa. 

Osa ii3JaBa y3iiiua ce na auan.e , a upeA.'iojKeHii nporpaai 
ycBaja ce npiiBpeMCHO 3a iipBn no^eiaK H>eroBa paAa, saApJfiaBajy- 
Lii npaBO, Aa nporpaw obom OA^opy oApei^yje ynpasa npewa cpeA- 
CTBnua 11 norpecii. 

Bp. 3. 

AjiUMnuje Bacii.teBHti Kao npcAceAHiiB ueior OA^opa caou- 
uixaBa, Aa nein OAOop aa ochobv HAanKa 9 npeAAaaae 3a peAOBHe 
lAaeoBe ApyniTBa oBa Anna : r. A-pa jlasy KocmLa, A-pa Bojn- 
CAaBa BaKuta, A-pa yla3y ylasapeBiiiia, Jocii(|)a Eeauha, ii Mu- 
Aaua AHAOHOBHha ; 3a Aouncne : r.r. HuKauopa rpyjiita, BJiaAUKy 
iiaKpaqKor, CxeBaua B. nonoBiiha, y IleiuTH, A-pa CreBaHa Da- 
B.ioBuha, y HoBOM CaAy, A-pa HAiijy OritaaoBnlia, y Hobom CaAy, 
II apxiimaeApiiTa Miuaiua y 3aApy, a 3a iioMacHe : r.r. BaciiAuja 
Bepeni4arnHa ii BAaAiiny HiiuiKor, Bmcxopa. 

Ct. J. rioiweuii iipnMeLyje, Aa oh hhjc 3a to, Aa ce ea 
OBOM BaepeAHOM CKyiiy Ciipajy hobii q.iaHOBii, no hcm ce Taj CKyn 



PA4ibA cpiicKor VMiinur ,ipyinTB.\ 281 

uor.iaBiiTo caaiiBcV aapaA iisCopa ceKperapa, a ocniw lora TpeCa.io 
6ii npiiieKaxii AOK.ie OBaj ofl,6op orii04ne cboj paA, re Aa ce iipena 
iipaBuy e.eroBa paAa Morne oiieumu, ko mohcc join aoIiii y cacxaB 
Tora OA^opa. 

npc.dcedHUK iipiiJieLyje. Aa ce no ypebeftv apviiitbchov ckvii 
casiiBa 6ap jeAan iiyx y foaiihii. IIpeMa tomc wohjc ce cajBaxu ii 
BHme uyxa. Ha nocjieAftCM CKyiiy OA^yieuo je, Aa ce Apyra cKyii 
ca30Be HaJAajie aa Msceu AaHa, a xo je Hapeljcuo Aa 6yAe 27 ob. 
M. Hy iipeAceAHHK, no OBiiaiulieH.y caMor ypet^eaa, una npaBa Aa 
nosoBe CKyn kba foa sa uoipe6Ho Hal)e. KaA xo cxojii. OHAa ce 
ea OBOsie CKyuy, Kojn ce casnBa Ha ocuoBy q-iana 34, 36 h 37. 
MOffie paAHxn cse, mxo ce paAU Ha cKyny, ua u 6iipaxn uobh 

HAaBOBH. 

CeeTOM. HuHOAajeeuR unxa, Aa ah ce MAaHOBH Apymxaa siory 
6upaxH H y Apyro Koje Bpejie, mah cawc na roAiiuifteM cKyiiy. 

[JpedcedHUK npoHHxa 4AaH ype^eH.a koju roBopn o tiocAO- 
Bujia KOJn ce paAC na CKyny u o6jacHu^ Aa ce nsCop H.iaHOBa 
Mose CBpuiuTH Ha CBaKOM CKyny kojh ce caaose. 

[locAe xora OA-iy^CHo 6h, Aa ce oa npeAjioaiCHnx i.iaHOBa 
npHMe CBii H iipcAjiojKe CKyiiy ua KOHaHun nsSop. 3a ABOjuuy pe- 
HieHO je BeLnHOM r.iacoBa (ca 3 iipoinB 2), a 3a ocxa.ie jeAHO- 
rAacHO. 

Bp. 4. 

IIoBeAe ce hohobo pe4 o ApyiuxBenoM cespexapy n fteroBOJ 
uarpaA", ii uajiiocAe OA-iyiii ce, Aa ce iipe^auiH>a OA-iyKa, aohc- 
cena ea II cacxauity ynpase 17 o. m., aaaieun uobom 

CeKpexapy ce npuAaje y uomoL noMohunK. IloMoliBUKa 6upa 
ynpana na npeA^or cespexapeB, itoja siy ii nocuo paciiopeljyje no 
npcA^ory ceKpexapCBy. 

CeKpeiap nwa 15uO Aunapa iiAaxe na roAHuy, a n.eroB uo- 
MohHHK AO 900 AUHapa Ha roAiniy. 

Bp. 5 

77. CpefiKoetiti Kao lipeACCAHUK OA6opa usBemxaBa, a* je 
y OA6opy sa Hayne nciopnjcKe ii ApjeaBne upniiAena H.eroBa pac. 
upasa : ^IIpujieA^e na usBemxaj MaityuieBa o HCKnji i)yKoiinc».Ma 
HapoAHe 6ii6.iuoxeKe y BeorpaAy." 



282 PAAH>A cpncKor vMEHor apyuixBA 

OA^yieeo i Aa ce raxaMna y „rjiacHnKy' u Aa ce niici;y 
u3Aa CBera 72 A"Hapa y ujie xoHopapa. 

Bp. 6. 
OposiiTa ce iiiicmo jysuocTioBeBCKe , aKaACMUJe sa aayse 
u yiijeTHOcru, kojum ce noaiiBa cpucKO yqeHO ApyniTBO Aa ns- 
jasii , iipiicxaje ah Aa ce yciaHoae pcaobhh CKynoBii, Jiel^y jy- 
jEHOcyioBeHCKHM HayiHimHiia , paAii npexpeca pasHux HayqHHX 
DHTaaa. 

OA-iy^GHo : Aa ce ynyxii cBiisia OA^opiiMa Ha MBeae. 

Bp. 7. 

Qpo4iixa ce nucMO yupaBe ApataBne raxajinapiije, 6p. 1462. 
KOJiiM ce upeAAajKe. Aa ce ycxaHOBii Hapoiimi KopeKxop sa oho, 
niTo ce mxaiina y „r;iaceHKy" h APyruM HSAaBUMa APyniTBeHiiJi, 
saKO 6ii ce ASAa 6pffie ii ypcAHiije iisAasaAa. 

HBiajytit Ha yny, Aa napoHirror KopeKxopa xpe6a n.iakaxii, 
uiTO Apyinxsy Hiije Moryte unHUxn, Kao u xo, Aa MHoni nucmi 
caMu ateAe Aa apkc KopeKxypy oa cbojiix Ae^ia ii q.ianaKa, OAAy- 
HCHO : Aa ce OAroBopii yiipaBii ApataBHe inxaMuapuje, Aa he ce oa 
cxpaHe yiipase APyuiTsa iiasiixii, Aa ce Kopeaxypa ae saApatana 
KOA niicii,a, a ir oHa oa CBOje cxpaee Aa iiasii, Aa ce iiocao koa 
cAarana ii.iii una^ie ae saApataaa, ii Aa ce n3Becxn KaKO upewa 
npiipoAH pa3Hux uocAOBa Hiije Moryte oApeAnxu jeAHor Hapoqiiior 
KopeKTopa 

ly cacraHaK, 7 .Mapra 1883. 

Bh.iii cy : iipeAceAHiiK B^iaAUMMp JoBanoBuh, HAanoBii : Cx. 
^ApaBKOBnh, A. BaciiAeBuli, 13. CpetKOBah, Cb. HaKOAajeBuh. — 
Ceapexap JoBaa BouikobhIi. 

Bp. 1. 
npoqirra ce ii iioxiiiicu aaiincHiiK iipeljauiFfcera cacxaaKa, lio- 
CAe HCKiix HciipaBaKa y sauiicaiiKy. 

Bp. 2 
r. MHBiicxap iipocBere ii upKBeaiix iiociosa, aKxosi cbojiim 
OA 2 Mapxa ob. roAaae llBp. 1563, yuyxuo je OBaico inixaHie cpii- 
CKOM y4eaoM ApymrBy : 



PAAH:.A CPricKor VHEHOP APVim u V 283 

„Ca3eaBrau Aa je cpiiCKu yieHO apjiutbo , oCpa-aoBa.io hob 
oa6op 3a iniipeae eayue ii KibiiiKeBuocru y uapoA. Ha ocuoBy Apy- 
ror OACAKa q-iaua 1-or ypel)eH.a ApyiuTBeuor, mojIum Aa mii cpii- 
CKO yqeeo ApyuiTBo, paAU eaA3opa Kojii casi ja no aasoHy Bpuiiini 
Ayaan, uito npe hsboah caoiiiiiTnTU : kojmm cpeACTBiiwa ii kuku 
MiiCAU noAMHpiiBaxii rponiKOBe, kojii cy iioTpe6uii aa BpiiiciLe paAH>e 
Tora OA6opa ?' 

Ho AVJEeM Betaifcy oA-iy«ieiio 6ii : Aa ce Hajupe cac.iyiiia 
iiexu oa6op, ua iipesia aeroBou MuuiJteiby a* ce Aouece Kouanua 
OA^iyKa, xe iiom.te r MiiHiicxpy Kao OAroBop y luie yneuora Apy- 
nixBa. 

Up. 3. 

^Liaa yupaBe Cb. HuKo^ajcBiih iipeAjiase, Aa ce y T-iac- 
HHKy eacxaBii ..Bii6.iiiorpa(})iija cpiicKe ii xpBaxcKe Kifcii/KeBuocTn-'. 
HOBOJ roAiiHii Aa U3a^e CH6.iiiorpaij)iija sa osy roAnay, a sa 
nponiAUX uiecx roAiina (1877 ao 82) Aa iis.iasii iioAaKO y iioxo- 
H>i3u KB>uraua TAacHnKa. 

YcBaja ce iipSAjior, a ii3Bpinett>e H.eioBO iioBcpaBa ce pcAOB- 
HOMB 'lAaey ApynixBa, JosaHy BoiuKOBuhy. 

Bp 4. 

Epeiia M.iaHKy 1-om a iipaBu^iy 2-om ii iipejia M-iaeKy 15-om 
6pojy 5-OM a saiexsy 2-om ypel^efta cpiiCKora yieuor ApyniTBa 
OA 3 jaayapa 1869 ii saKOHCKe upiieoBe oa 27 iviaja 1878, yiipasa 
ApyniTBa, iipeiia cpeAcxBiijia ii uoTpe6ii. OApel^yje HOBoyciaHOBjio- 
HOMB nexosie OA^opy sa miipeH>e HayKa u KBuaieBeocxn y HapoA 
OBaj ocHOBHii nporpaai. 

OcHOBHH iiporpaji. 

UpaeuAO I. 

CacxaBJba ce uexu oA^op y cpucKoii yieeoji ApyuixBy, sa 
fflupeae HayKa n KaiiiKesHOCxu y HapoA- 

ripaeuAO II. 

SaAaxaK je OBOiie oA^opy, Aa uiiipii y HapoA nayKe, Koje cy 
noxpe6He 3a ApyinxBeHii ii eapoAHii pa3BiiraK ii naiipeAaK. 



284 PA4H,A cpncKor vhehoi- /ipymxBA 

npaauAO in. 

UyieM uiTaune OA^op npeAaje jaBBOCTu 

1-Bo Cniice, y Kojiuia ce u3jiaKy Masea aa^e^a ii Siime 
HCTuee Hayqee. 

2-ro Hper^eAe ucxopiijcKor pasBuxKa u cyspeMeuor cxaiia 
HajKe ; keo ii npeweAe pesy.iTaia, ao kojhx ce aayKOM aoiiuo na 
nojby ApyiDTBeHora ii HoBeqaHCKor pasBuiKa n aanpeiKa. 

3-lie HsBeniTaje o HOBOiie paAy u uospexy, hobiim nojaBuwa, 
iipeAysemiiia Ji HaupeuiiJia ua iiojty Hayite. 

4-xo Kpuxii^Ke npeweAe h oi^CHe Baacenjux EH>naEeBHHx u 
aayiHHx upoiisBOAa. 

5-TO r^aBHa AG^a Hamiona.iHe KauaeBHOCTn AOBiahe u cxpaae. 

npaeuj.0 IV. 

Obu paAOBU mxasinate ce y FjiacHiiKy h;ih y sace^HiiM KH>n- 
raMa, KaKO OA6op Ha^e sa Ao6po ; a ohii Ke ce iiper.ieAaxii, oi^e- 
BHBaxii 11 Harpa^iiBaxji OBauo, sao mxo ce nperyiCAajy, oueayjy n 
Harpat^yjy ii paAOBii APyrux oA^opa yieaora ApymiBa. 

UpaeuAo V. 
y 3aAaxaK OA6opa y.iaae cbb rpane. C xora u y HieroBoj 
cpeAiiaii xpe6a Aa 6yAy cjeAUfteHH iipeAcxaBHimu ceujy aayKa. 
Obo he OA6op ujiaxii aa yiuy, KaA 6yAe opeA^arao hobb i^iaaoBC. 

rJpaeuAo VI. 

TpoiDKOBii OKO miipeiba nayna y aapoA iiOAMiipiiBahe ce : 

1-Bo H3 cyiia, Koje yupasa cpiicKora yqeaor ApymxBa 6yAe 
aapoiuxo sa xo OApeAn-ia, iipeiia H.iaaKy 1 n 30 ApymxBeaor y- 
pe^eifca. 

2-ro Hs AOxoAaKa oa ciiiica u Kaara, KOJe OA^op 6yAe 
HSAaBao. 

3-te H3 Ao6poBOABux upii^ora, 3aBeinxaH>a ii xaKo Aa^e, 
KOJH 6ii 6njiH iiocBeiieaii uiiipeH>y aayna ii KH>iiseBHocxu y aapoA- 

IJpaeuAo V//. 

nixo je ype^eH>eM cpiiCKora yieaor ApymxBa iipoiiiicaao 3a 
CBC OA6ope OBora APyiuTBa y oiiuixe, oao Baxn u sa osaj OA6op. 



PA4H.A cpncKor ywEiior apviutba ?85 

Osaj nporpaM Aa ce iipeiiixaMna y lOO KOMaAa, iia ja ce 
pasAa Me^y qjiaHOBe iiexora oAoopa. 

V cacTan&K. 12 Maprn 1883. 

BttAii cy: upeAceAniiK BjiaAHMnp JoBauoBiih, H.iaHOBii : A. 
BacHAeBuh, IlaHTa CpetiKOBiih, CBex. HiiKOAajeBuh. — CeKpexap 
JoBaa BofflKOBiilj. 

Bp. 1. 

Epoqiixa ce h uoxiiiica sauHCHnK npel)amH.era cacxaHKa, ca 
Ma;inM iiciipaBKaMa y cawoM sanncaiiKy. 

Bp. 2. 

rocnoAHH MHHHCxap iipocBexe, aKxoM cbojhm oa 7 Jiapxa OBe 
roA. nBp. 1396, y OAroBopy ua iiaBenixaj yneHora ApyniXBa oa 24 
np. M. 6p. 7, usneraxaBa, Aa je oa onor Bpejieaa, KaA je ApymxBO 
DHxano : raxa Mose oa cbojhx usAaaa ycxyiimii, sniHiicxapcxBO 
cnadAeiio 6n6./iBoxeKe cpeAttux inKo.ia CKopo cbhm T^iacHimiiMa, 
Koje My je npel^aiuaii ceKj^exap KpaxKiisi nyxeji AocxaeAao. Me^y 
THM uoTpe6a je, Aa ce sa cBe cpeAH>e niKO^ie Ha6aBe h Apyra h3- 
Aa&a ApymxBena, xo jecx r.iaceiiK APyrora OAeAKa h Apyro. Tora 
paAu uoxpe6HO je MiiHiicxapcxBy oa Kibiire I ao XIV Apyror OAejtKa 
DO 23 AO 26 KOJiaAa. Ako ApymrBO ee Moate ycxyunxii oBa Ae^ia 
SecDAaiHo, Kao mxo je ao caA hiihuao, Hesa nonijie peneHC KH>ure 
y 03Ha4eeoM 6pojy y no.ia ueHC, aso ce Ha xo car.iacii. 

0A-iyieH0 : Aa ce iiOMeeyxe Kftiire ycxyne MiiHiicxapcxBy y 
noAa ueHe. OBa ueea BpeAii h 3a iipatjaoiftii iiocAaxait oa 431 
KftHxe r^iacHHKa cpBor oAe^Ka, kojh jom Huje Han^iaheH. 

Bp. 3. 

rociiOAiiu MiiHiicxap iipoCBexe, aKiOii cbojuji oa 23 4>e6pyapa 
OB. roA- IlSp- 7iO, raaAC u3boa 6yijexa yieHora APyinxsa 3a paqvH- 
CKy roAnny 1883. Ho xoaie je „Ha iiOMoh cpucKOM yneHOM Apy- 
iDXBy, Ha HAaxy nepcoHaAa u Ha Bpineae ApyoiTBeHor aaAaxKa" 
HaMBBeHO CBera 15.283 ahh. 80 iiapa. 

ysiijia ce Ha sHaae. 



286 PAAK-A cpncKor VMEHor 4PyniTBA 

Bp. 4. 

/1,-p Taopl^e MyiiintcKii, nncMoii cbojum oa 2] (t)e5pyapa ob. 
roA. ii3 BpoAa y CyiaBOHiijii. ipasKii Aa My ce spaie aeroBe abb 
adHpKe pyKoiinca, no idto iix ApymrBO 3a Ase roAiiHe ii Tpu ue- 
ceua HHJe nperAeAajo ii oaeHu.io, jep hx jkciii caji Ha cbct 

H3AaTH. 

OA^yieHO : iiucaiii r. MyiniitcKOM h saMOjiuju ra, Aa ce cawo 
join Bp^o KpaxKO Bpewe npiitpnii, jep he My ce noc^ie xora caon- 
niTHTH OA^yaa iiCTopujcKora OA^opa. 

Bp. 5 

3a „36opHHK cpiicKiix poAoc.iOBa ii ABTonHca" Koju je ype- 
AHO JhyC CiojaHOBnti, OA^yieno 6ii : Aa ce inxaMna nao saceSiia 
KH,nra ryiacnnKa Apyror OAejbKa, a upiipeAi'ouy Aa ce Aa y uiie 
xoBopapa 300 AHHapa u 60 KOMaAa KBiira. 

Bp. 6. 

FocuoA. ylasap JlaBAOBHh, UBijiiaep MHHHCTapcTsa rpaljeBuna, 
uoABOCH CBOjy pacnpaBy ,0ApeA6a Koe(})uii,njeHaTa jaiiiHe ii h>ii- 
xoBa npiiweBa y rpatjesiiHCKOJ cxpymi." 

Ynytyje ce oA^opy 3a nayKe jecxacxBeeii4Ke ii Maxenaxuiae 
aa iiper.ieA n oiteay. 

Bp. 7. 

OApe^yje ce ueea obiim APynixBeHHM iisAaanMa : rAacHUE II 
OABAKa KB>iira 14: 2 ahh., KH>Hra 15: 1 ahh. Cpncse sapoAne 
necwe. oa Xaqn-Piicxuha — 50 napa. 

Bp. 8 

Ha ocHOBy M;iana 18 ApyrnxBCHora ypei>eH.a, jaBBAH cy ce 
Ao caA OA HOBHX BAH HHaqe peAOBBnx qyiaBOBa, 3a I OA^op : A^m. 
XypBt, Joe. Uemiii, a-P A. K. ylasapeBnt, Miiwiau AhaohobiiL, 
Dexap jKiibkobhL n Job. ^KyjoBiit ; — 3a II OA6op : A-p B. BaEuh, 
A-p A. KocxHh, Jb. KoBa'ieBHt, A-p Mnx. Byjnli, iipoxociiBl^eA 
HiiKaBop, U. CpeLKOBiih. Job. ABaKyjioBnt ; — aa V OA<5op : A-p 
jlaaa Kocxiih, A-p B. BaKiih, iipoxociiHljeA HHKaBop, a-P Mhx. 
ByJBh Mii.iaH AbaohobhIi, Joe. Ileauh, ^iim. XypuL, Cx. 3ApaB- 



paahjA cpncKor vHEiior apviiitba 287 

KOBiih, Job. /l,paraineBiili, U. CpetsoBiili, B^aAiiMHp JoBaHOBub, 
JoBae ABaKyMOBiih, a-P j1- K- jlaaapeBiit. 

Ysniia ce ua suaae, Aa ce caonuiTn oAOopiuia kojux ce lUMe, 
a y CBOje Bpewe ofisnaHii ii ua cityriy. 

VI CcicranaK, 7 aapuAH 1883. 
Bu.iH cy : upeACCAHUK Ba. JoBanoBiit, q.iaHOBii : A. Baciijie- 
BHt, H. CpetKOBiit, Ct. ^ApaBKOBuh, Cb. IiuKo;iajeBiilj. M. Ba.i- 
TpoBut, — Cehpexap JoBau BouiKOBiih. 

Bp. 1. 
EpOHHTa ce u noTniica sauiicHflK npei)afflH.e ceAHuae. 

Bp. 2. 
npeAceAHHK ncTora OA^opa, A. Bacii-ijeBiih, caoiiniiaBa oa- 
roBop DosieHyTora OA6opa o cpeACXBHwa ii HaqnHV iioAiiiipuBaH>a 
CBOJHX TponiKOBa. Ho npeTpecy yiipaBa ycsaja jiuinAeae OA^opcKO 
H OA^yiyje, Aa ce y Towe cMucyiy oAroBopu r. MitHHcrpy oa cxpaae 
yiBHora ApyniXBa. 

Bp. 3. 
HcTu iipeAceAHHK iisBeniTaBa, Aa iieiii oA^op iipHsia npeA.ior 
j yKHO cyioBBHCKe aKaAeMuje o iioBpeMeuiiM sdopoBiiiia KH>iiKeBHii.v 
ApyiniaBa u KBnaieBHiiKa na CJiOBeHCKOsie jyry — y Hane^iy, a 3a 
ocTa.io n3JaBiihe cBoje MumjbeBe KaA My ce noAHece nporpaM. 
YsHMa ce ea 3Haae. YjeAHO Aa ce no30By OAfiopu, Kojii join Hucy 
ncKasa^aii CBOje Murajteae, Aa to yiime mio CKopiije. 

Bp. 4. 

HcTU iisBemiaBa, Aa je iiexii OA6op pemiio, Aa ce upiimi 3a 
r;iacHnK ,,JeAH0 iiuxaae ii3 ynopcAHC ucHxo.ionije" u Aa ce xa 
pacnpaBa HarpaAu. OA-iyneHO, Aa ce HarpaA" ca 300 A'lHapa oa- 
ceuoM. 

Bp. 5. 

PvAiyHCKa aKaACMHJa y ByKypeiiixy, uhcmom cbojum oa 8 (20) 
4)e6pyapa ob. toa. op. 1761, jaByta Aa Ke;iu cxy.inxH y CBe3y ca 
cpncKHM yieHiiM apvoitbom. llpiiJia ce c paAoinhy. ii Aa joj ce 
noniAy CBa usAaifca Haniera Apynixsa, kojhx jom luia 



288 PA4H>A cpncKor yqEHor ^pyiuTBA 

Bp. 6. 

Iiixa ce upeA^or iiexor OA^opa : I" ao. ApyniTBO cryiiii y npe- 
roBope ca iiopoAimoM Bysa Cre^. Kapaijiita, paAu oxKyna iipaBa 
Ha iipeiUTaMiiaBaifce cbhx ByKOBiix Ae^ia; 2" Aa noyiaKo KpnTiiqKii 
H3Aa CBa AGyia /l,ocHTHJeBa, BynoBa h /^aHiiqiiteBa, h 3'' ah ce iio- 
Bepu ipoJHuii HjiaeoBa, Aa iipeA^o^e HaiHH ripenoca BynoBux ko- 
CTHJy 113 Be^a y BeorpaA, Kao n Aa Haaaaie yjeAHO 3a to ii iniipii 
H3BpuiHiiOA6op. Ho iipexpecy iipeA^ior ce y aa^eyiy ycsaja. 
y HapoqiiTV KOMiiciijy Giipajy ce pcAOBHii ^uaHOBii : Job. BouiKOBiit), 
C CpereHOBiih ii Cb. By^oBuh, Koja sa^a Aa npoMHc.iu o aaiHHy; 
Aa cryiiii y iiperoBope c iiopoAimoM ; Aa ce ofipaxu MiiHiicxpy npo- 
CBexe c moji6om, Aa hsbo.ih nopaAuxa Aa ii AP^aBoa B.iaAa, ea- 
HoeoM KOJHM opa Hai^e sa Ao6po, yqecxByje y xoj oniuxcj eapoAHOj 
cxBapu ; Aa HasHa^ii jiiiua aa iniipii iisBpinHii OA^op, iia Aa o 
cBeiiy ii3Beciii ynpasy paAii KOHaiHe OAwiyae. 



Bp. 7. 

Ynpasa ApataBHe uixaMnapiije, iuicmom cbojum oa 9 Jiapxa 
OBe roA. 6p. 1774, xpaacH a^ joj ApyinxBO [i.iaxn uo npiuoatenoM 
paqyay 4213 adh. 93 nape, 3a uiTaMnaibe nocAeAftiix 6 Kftiira 
PjiacHUKa Apyror oAeAKa, iiosiiBajytii ce ea saKOHOAaBeo 
pemeite oa 17 jy^ia 184V a ,,noBOAOM KoeTpo./iHux npuMeAa6a." 
Uo uoAyaceii npeipecy 0A.iyieH0 6n OAroBopiixii noMeHyxoj ynpaBii : 
KaKo je xcK^a cxBap oa iiocxaH>a no cBUMa MeeaMa ; KaKO je Apy- 
uiTBO 1867 B.iacHo 6uao Aa noAe.aH FjiacenK ea ABa OAcena, jeAaH 
3a pacnpaBC a Apyiu 3a Maxepnja.ie; KaKO n APym OAceK HHJe 
HMfflTa Apyro aero onex TyiacHUK, a nocefiHH eac/ioBH v Apyrosi oa- 
ceay cajio Kasyjy caApsHey; xaKO je ao caA na xy cxBap MCAa^ia 
II AP>£aBua mxaMiiai)iija ii r^iaBaa KOHxpo.ia, xe sa npBnx 9 KH>nra 
Hucy Tpaa;iLiii Haii.iaxy oa OBora APyinxBa, a inxo caA xpame 3a 
noc./ieAH>nx 6 KH.iira? IIoBOAa xowe mofjIO je Aaxii norpemuo 3a- 
Boljen.e HacyiOBa y pa^fyncKiiM KH.iiraina: 3aBot)eH>e caApaciiue mccxo 
npaBor Hac.iOBa „rjiacBUK II OAejtaB". Ynpasa APJKaBne miaMua- 
piijc ueua H3B0.AH iiopaAHXH, Aa ce xaj Ayr nsCpume ; y upoxiiBHOii 
ciynajy, ApyuixBo he Ciixii npnwopano xpajKnxii ayxeHxn'iuo xyiia- 
Heite saKoucKiix 0ApeAa6a. 



PMiLv ci'iicKur yiKnoi- .u-juitha 2S9 

r.p. 8. 

4.1UU ApyuiTKu, A-p 11. 11 Tita^iuii, y I'luiy, jaxBiiAyjc iia iio- 
cjiariiM My Kii.iiraMa a mo.iii, a* My ce iioiii.i.y it oue kojiix join 
Heaia. Hcto raKO peAOBiiii MJiauoBii : M. AuAouoBiih, A-p M. ByjuL 
n A-p J. TypoMaH jio.ie aa KH.iiro kojiix iieMajy. OA^yieno Cii, au 
UM ce AaAy CBa ii3Aan>a, kojiix join iisia, a H,UMa rpeCajy. 

Bp. 9. 

r-l)ima Mapiija KoxoBa y BepAiiiiy. Tpaatii AOiiymrcii.e Aa 
MOffie iipeBecTii aa Heiia'iKii napoAue iipiiiioBeTKe, Koje je cisyiiuo 
ByK BpneBiih, a u3AaA0 yiCHO ApyraxBO, ii iiWTa: KaA Le inahH 
II Kifciira ? OAo6paBa joj ce paAO ii ca xsayiOM. Apyra Kitiira iipii- 
iiOBCiaKa iiaaniAa je .laiie koa A IlpeTnej)a y Ay6p^n»"Hiy, a 
jeAHa, ocoSena, 1881, koa 6patie JosaHOBnlia y IlauMeBy. 

Bp. 10. 

3a i;iaHOBe iieroMe oA^opy upHJasHine ce join oea rociioAa: 
CTOJaH BoniKOBiiL, Maiiija Ban ii Casa CpeTeHOBut. yaiiiia ce sa 
sHaite II KOHCTaxyje, Aa je caA y tom OA^opy HaMupcu Opoj 'Ma- 
HOBa 30. 

Bp. 11. 

PeAOBHH TAaH TaBpuAO BhtkobuL ace;iu APiKani y yqeeo.M 
ApyuiTBy ii3jioai6y iicTopiijcKiix, KHUHieBHUx ii yMexHinmux ciio- 
MCHUKa, KOJe je npiiKyuuo oa 1870 ao 82. IlpiiJia ce ca xBa.ioM. 
YiipaBa fee Ha APyroM caciaHKy OApeAHiii Aaee 3a lAanoBe ii o6pa- 
30BaHy uydAHKy, a AoeAe Aa ce iipiinpaBii oito Tpe6a. 

Bp. 12. 

3a paenpaBy II. CpehKOBiiIia „CTaif.e ii oahocii cpiicKiix ap- 
xoBTiija npe-Ma YrpHJu h npcMa BiiaauTiijii y iio.iobiihii 12 BcKa, 
OApel^yje ce aarpaAa oacckom 250 AiiHapa. 

VII. cacTaunK, 22 aupuAa 188.'). 

Biuii cy : iipcAceAHiiK BAaAHsiup JoBauoBiit, M.ianoBii : Ct. 

;3ApaBuoBiiL, A. BaciiibeBiiL, II. CpehKOBiiL, M BaATpoBiih, Cb. 

HiiKciajeBHt. — CeKpeiap JoBaii BouikobhIi. 

19 

I'dACUHK LIV *' 



200 paahjA cpncKor yMuiior apviutba 

Bp. 1. 

ripo'iiixa ce ir uoTiiiica sainicHiiK upeljaiuae ceAuimc. 

Bp. 2. 
IIpoiiiTa ce u yTBpAU OAroBop r. jiimiicrpy iipocBCTC n up- 

KBCIIIIX IIOC.lOBa, KOJII MacH : 

FocaoduHe MUHUcrpe, 

Ha uiiCMO Banie oa 2 Jiapra obg roAiiue, 6poj 1563, y kom 
iiirraTe : „kojiim cpeACTBiiua ii saKO miic^iii yieHO APymrBO iioa- 
MiipiiBarii ipouiKOBe Kojii cy iioTpeSeii sa Bpraeite paAH>e iiexora 
OA^opa ?" ynpasa OBora APyniTBa uamyia je , ja luia pasjiora y 
OBaKO saMaiDHOM niixaay oSpainTii ce aajupe iieiOMe OA^opy, kojii 
je ry CTBap npesia cxaiyxy ii usBeo, n kojii Aaeac 6pojii BeL 30 
44aH0Ba {ji,SiKj\e HaJBety Mepy), ii3 lera ce buah, KaKO uoipeCa 
TaKBe yciaHOBe laKO u pesHOCT ii aaysiiMAiiBOCx pcaobhiix q;ia- 
HOBa ApyuiTBa 3a miipefte nayKa ii KEbiiaeBHOCTU y uapoA, eeKa 
raj oA^op Baaie CBojy saiiHcao u y onmie cBoje MimiAeite o cpeA- 
cTBiiMa II Haqiiuy iioAMiipuBaaa xpouiKOBa. Ha no mxo je xaKa 
ii3JaBa iiojieuyxor OA^opa ciiiMa ii yupasa je iio upexpecy y MaB- 
HOM ycBOJHjia, qa' T naM je caonraTHiH BaM oBaj OAfOBop oa cxpa- 
He yqcHora ApyuiTBa. 

Epewa iisjienaMa ii AoiiyoaMa oa roAHue 1878 y ypei^efty 
ApyiuxBa, ono iisia Ha Asa HannHa Aa paAii na Hayuii (ocbm 4-a 
OAfJopa, Kojii je 3a yMexHOCi): y 1, 2 h 3 OA()opy Aa o6pal)yje 
oTBopena imxafta, a y 5-om Aa miipii y uapoA CBpineHa niixaaa. 
06e Bpcxe paAa AO^iase y TjiacHnK. A nosaaxo je, KaKo ce opraH 
ApyinxBemi luxaMiia ii iiiicuiiMa Aajy xoHopapii (m.i. 30). PaAii 
Cojhev nper;ieAa u AaKiiier Ha^iaateita ApyuiTBennx nocAOBa. ono 
MO/Ke KOA iioJBAinnix Kibura cBora opraea cxaBuxii napoHiixa o6e- 
yiCJKJa, Bao : KH.iira b2 paciipase, Kitiira 53 rpa^a, KH>iira 54 paA 
ncTora OA^opa ; -»- lo je H.eroBa yHyxpainiba cxBap. 

y MAaHy 1 ApyniTBeuor ypel^en.a cxojii, Aa APyinxBO Ha luii- 

peae naytta ii KH>iiJKeBHOcxii y napoA „M0JKe yiioxpeoiixii caiio ona 

■ cpeAcxBa, Koja 6ii ua xaj iiocao 6iiAa iiapomixo HaCaBAcna uau 

OApeljeua." To 3Ha4ii, Aa cpeACXBa 3a xo Mopajy 6hxii hah napo- 

411X0 Ha6aBAeea hah iiapo'inxo OApe^eua A ko xpe()a xa cpeA- 



PA4I1.A ci'iicKur yuKiioi AiiiiniiA ^yi 

CTBa napoquTO Aa oApeA" V Uo cxaiyTy - y„,,aBa n to iipcMa 
'i.ianmiMa ypet)eH,a : If) (iiocieAiteM sa'ieTKy), 30 h 48. 

Tora paAii yiipaea je HaMeniMa ii cKyii je oAoCpno ii iiu- 
■rnpAiio iieioue OA'5opy m OBoroAiimiLer Cyijera iiem aco ija rpoiii- 
KOBe. A^ii y caMoj CTBapii oh he AorJiirii ose roAiiue cawoAeceTii 
Aeo, jep je ca iipnoM iio.iobiihom pa'iyncKe foahhc (oa 1 hob. ao 
30 anp.) iioTponieHa ii iio.iOBUHa 6yijeTa. 

A iiiTO ce Tiiue „KB.iira aa napoA," Koje nexu oaCop miiciii 
inAaBaiii iiopeA r.iaciniiia, ou to ne Mo;Ke ii ue he 'iiiHirni Auja- 
KoiiubUM cpeACTBiiaia. 3a to Bayba uapoHuro na6aeuTU uoBa. Mel^y 
TiiM, AOK TO He oyAe OAOop, no Le Tpoininii ua h>iix HiiKanBiix 
HOBaua, uero he uajiipe irapaAiiTii cBoj iipori)aM y iiojcAiiuocTiiMa, 
uocTapahe ce Aa naljc sa.Laue nncae aa iiojeAUHe npoAMUTe ii 
cupeMiihe Ae.ia, iia k.,a cbc to oyAe fotobo, OHAa Le ce iioGpii- 
Byxii H 3a cpeACTBa (npeMa h.i. 48 ypel^eaa). 

A cpeACTBa Ta 6\\aq. 6\i OBa : i-o roAumiba aperaAara Ha 
CBe en lice APyniTseue, to jecT ko njaTU OApe^eey cyMy noBaua y 
uaiipeA 3a iiony^iapHe ciiiice ApyinTseHe, Ao6uhe ys bhx, upcKO 
ApyuiTBeHiix iioBepeHiiKa, ii cbg cTporo nay4He, Koju 6yAy iisaiiuii 
3a roAiiHy Aana. 2-o DpiiBaTHii apuAosu; obaq sa^a pasyjicTii u 
Bete cyMC Ao6poTBopa-n3AaBaia. S-he 3aeevxTan>a : Aeiaru u na- 
pomiTU (pondoeu ; ApynxBO he ce CTapam, inTaunoM ii iipeKO 
CBoJHx noBepeHHKa, Aa ce to ocTBapii, Aa 5ii npn BpineBy CBora 
iipocBeTHor saAaTKa MorAO ynoTpeSiiTn h AapoBC iiojeAHHJix luiyh- 
Hiijiix poAOiby6a, a He cBy noMoh Aa inr.iCAa caMo o\ APJKaBe. 
4-TO /i,o6HTaK od yeeAnue apn^e Kn>uza, mhwo iipcTiMaTy. 

/l,oxou,ii OA Te Behe npiispeAe hhiah 6v y iipii^ior He caMo 
neTOMB OA6opy, Hero n ocTa^iiuia ; jep je jcAan Spijex aa ucao 
ApyiiiTBO, KOJH ynpaBa cnpeMa a CKyii vTBpljvje. Te TaKO i)aA iie- 
Tora OA^opa ne he aiiKaito 6\irn ea iirrcTy ocTa^iiiMa, a iiapoAy 
MOffie 6hth oa Be^iHKe liopncTH. 

Bp. 3. 

IlpoMHTa ce ir yTspAU oAi'OBop yiipaBii ApJ^aBHe iiiTaMiiai)HJe 
OAHOCHO FAaBHOj KouTpoyiii, AVry ^a iiocyicAftiix niecT KftHra 
rAacHHKa, APyrora oAcyi^Ka Oai'obop xaj r.iacii oBaKo : 

19* 



292 PA,),ibA cpuGKor yqEHor 41'ymTBA 

Vapaeu dp-waene luraMaapuje. 

Ha uucMO same oa 19 napxa ose roA. 6p. 1774, ca pa4y- 
noM y 4213 a"h. 93 nape, MacT HaM je OAroBopiiTii Kao nixo hag: 
IIcTHHa je Aa cpucKO y4eno ApynixBO, npema saKoey oa 17 
jyyia 1847 '35opHiiK 4. cxp. 36), Hivia apaso Aa iwy ce caiio „r;iac- 
hiik" SeciiyiaTHO iiixaMna, a sa CBe ocxa^ie KH.iire Aa ce aaiijiatiyje 
caMO xapxiija 11 c^ior, a iipouenax Aa ce ne sanAaLyje. 

Ta je OA-^vKa xaAamftera saKOHOAaBcxBa AOHexa yiipaBo 3a 
/l,pyinTBo cpncKe cAOBecHOCxii, Kojeny saAaxaK u ,oiiinxe KopucxaH 
cuep 6eiiie Aa pacupocxiipe Hayne y oxaijSnHii h HapoAy HauieM, 
'lera paAn oho Ha csex iiSAaje pasne KopiicHe cniice," Aah KaA 
iiOMeHyxo APyiii'fBO 1864 611 ofJycTaByheHO, 11a ofJHOB-teHO iioa Ha- 
3HB0M : CpncKO yfeno APyuiTBo, xaAa je y 4-oj xa^aii eaJBiimnx 
peiiieaa yxBp^eHO obo : ,,CpncKO yieHO APynifso yatuBate oa cxpa- 
He iipaBuxeibCTBa ao Aa;ber saKOHOAaBHor pjeraeH.a one iioiHope 11 
uoBAacxHue, Koje cy saKOHOM ApyiuTBy cpncKB cAOBecHOCin noAa- 
peHe.* (FAacHHK 18, cxp IV.) 

Ila OHAa, H exapo u oSnoBAeHo ApyiuTBo iiMaljaxy cBojy 
aBTOHOMiijy : (§ 17) „/I,pyaiTBO una upasa ceoje ycxpojeHBJe kqko 
y cMoipeHuj} sacjcAaBHJa xaKO n y npuspjeHiijy AyJKHOcxn sa cse 
•ijiaHOBe cBoje coinHnxu, c BpeiieHOM AonyHiiiu ii.iu 110 uoxpeSii 
iipeiiHaiaBaxii." (-JSopHiiK 4, cxp. 27). H APyro : „CaMOM APyui- 
XBy je ocxaBibeHO Aa, c oQaiipoM na obo ycxpojcTBo, onpcAJeAii 
Haiiiii H nyx, kojhm he oho cboj saAaxaK nocxnaaBaxn." (§ 3 y- 
cxpojcxBa cpiicKora yiCHor ApymxBa, T^iacHiiK 18, cxp. V.) 

no xoj CBOjoj caMoyupaBii APyuixBO je 1867 ofl,Ay^MAO — 
yiipaBa 22 anpuAa, a r^asHU je csyii OAo6pno 21 jaa. 1868 — 
(r.aeAaj rAacHiiK 21, cxp. 512 uoa 6pojeM 85, ii TyiacHUK 23, 
cxp. 316 iioA 6pojeM 23): „Aa ce u rpa^ sa ucxopHJy nsAaje y 
FAacHiiKy, aAH Aa ce FAacHUK iiOAeAii na dea odcena. UpsH oa- 
ceK Aa ce HacxasAa ua AocaAamitH peA, u y xhm Kftiiraiia Aa ce 
HSAaje fflxo u ao caA, u 3a dpyzu odceu Aa ce iiohhc pcA- h y 
xuM KftiiraMa Aa ce mxaMiia caMO rpal)a (waxepHJajiii) aa iicxopiijy 
cpucKor jKHBoxa HapoAHor." /l,on,Hiije, 3a npsit OAeji.aK saApJsaue 
cy cajio pacapaee, a sa Apyrn He casio crapune Hero 11 ipa^a 
(MaxepHJaAH) y onmxe. 

Ha xaj HaiiiH 3a iiocyieAH>Hx 15 roAiina (1868 ao 83) 113a- 
mAO je 15 KH>Hra pasAiiqne Hayiue rpa^e, Koje cbc Hoce iiMe • 



PA4H-A CPncKor yqEHor 4pyiiiTB\ 293 

FAacHUK cpucKo^a ynQuoz Opymrea 2-zu odcAyaK, iia ce ouau 
AOAaje caMO caApmiiHa : icH.iira iipBa lIpoTOKo;! iiia6a4Kor Jiani- 
cxpaia ; KH.iira 2 Cuojieujmii o llllieiiauy Ma.ioM ; KH.iira 3, 4, fi 
H 6 CiiojieHiimi 113 6yAHMCKor ii iieniTaHCKor apxiisa; Kitiiia 7 
HiHTHJa Kpa;b cpiicKiix ; kh.. 8 KpMMiija Mopa'ma ; KH,iira 9 Ilpii- 
iiOBCTKa A.ieKcauApy Be^iiiiiOM y crapoj cpiicKoj Kri.iiateBuocTii ; 
KH>iira lo HapoAHe iijecMe 113 ciapujiix iipiiMopcKJix saiiiica, ca 
pacupaBOM aCyrapiirninaMa" n c pjeMnimoM ; Kn.iira 1 1 Mopasa, 
n>eHO caAaiiiH.e ciaibe 11 MoryhHOCT iuobiiaoc ; KH.iira 12 /],e'iaHCKe 
xpHCOBy;be ; KH.iira 13 BopCa AoCpoB. Kopa nuapcKe bojckc w y- 
CTaHHMKiix Mexa jaBopcKor Kopa 187G ao 1878, (I'palja 3a ucxo- 
pujy cpncKor paia sa oc^o6ol)eH.e h HesaBHCHOcr); KH.iira 14 llc- 
TopHJCKU cnoMeHHUH jysiHux C;iOBeHa H3 iiTajiiijaHCKiix apxuBa h 
6H6jiHOTeKa ; KH,ura 15 UpaBOKpiuKe y Cp6njii. 

KaA je AaKjie FAacuuK 2-oz ode.hKa — FAacnuK yneHoz 
dpymrea, kojh Apa^aBHa inTaMuapiija 6ecujiaTH0 uiTaMiia, 11 KaA 
yiGHO APyniTBo Huje Hiiuiia ii.aaTHjio 3a mxaMnaite Kitiire 1 ao 8 
H ll-xe, 2-or OAe^Ka FyiacHUKa, OHAa je .lornquo, Aa enje iiiiuiTa 
AVJKHO Hu sa KBbure 9, lO, 12, 13, 14 n 15. 

Haiia ce hiihu, Aa je yupaBu APJuaBHe raxaMnapiije b I\iaB- 
Hoj KoHxpojiH uoBOAa AaAo Aa y'leno apY'dtbo saAyJKyje xo, mxo 
cy HacjiOBH KftHra iiorpeinHO saBo^eHii. TaKo ua up. y caAamH.esi 
paiyny cioja : KEbiira „npHiiOBexKa A.aeKcaHApy", ^HapoAne 
ujecMe", „/l,eiaHCKe xpucoByAe", „Bop6a Ao6poBOA>. Kopa", „Ciio- 
MBHHUH 113 nxaA. apxHsa", „Opxouxepe y CpSiiju", AaKAe caAp- 
atHHa Mecxo iipaBor HacAOBa : F.iacHUK ynenoi dpyuiTea. Kibura 
xa n xa, Apyrora oASAKa. 

MoAHMO AaKAe yapaBy APJ^aBHe inxaMiiapnje, a'i h3boaii OBaj 
Ham OAroBop caonniTiixii 11 r.iaBHOJ KourpoAU, KaKO on ce na^pii- 
cao uoMBHyiH Ayr oa 4213 A"H- u 93 nape, kojhm ce cpncKO y- 
qsHO ApyinTBO AyatH. y flpoxHBHOM c.iyiajy, APymxBO he Ciixh iipn- 
MopaHO Aa xpajKii ayxeexu^Ho xyiia'ieBe 3aKuHCKiix oApcAaCa, Koje 
ce xuMy OBe cxBapu. 

Bp. 4. 

OApebyJy ce xoHopapn. IIo npeA^iory npeAceAHHKa npsora 
OA6opa r. Cumh ylosanuiiy 3a 5 aHayiiisa MiiHei)a.iuHx BOAa y Cp- 
6HJn HO loo A"H. 500 Annapa; 3a 2 opraucKa paAa loO Aimapa. 



294 PA4K,A cpncKor vMEHor apvoitba 

CBera 600 ARHapa. — A sa xoHopap r. H. IlaB^ioBiiLa, Aa ce 
nwuie npeljaiuaeMy ceitpeTapy y Piiii, le Aa ce bhaii kotiiiko je 
Ao caAa iipHMUO, y mie iiarpaAe, sa cBoja rpn ^^lauica y Tjiac- 
HUKy 51. 

Bp. 5. 

3a H3^0JK6y HCTopiijcKiix, Kff.na;eBHUx n vMeTHnqKiix ciiomc- 
eiiKa cpncKHX, Koje je (oa 1870 ao 8:2) iipnKyniio FaBpiMO Biit- 
KOBiit, OApeljyjy ce AaHii : HeAe^T-a, iioneAejbHUK h yxopeiiK, (24 
25 u 26 anpiiAa), oa lO ao 12 ii oa 4 ao 6 nacoBa, ii to iipBa 
ABa AJ^Ha 3a ijiaaoBe yieaora ApyinxBa, a uocAe.^aii 3a ocTa^iy 
iiydAHKy, Kojy xaise ciBapu 3aHUMajy. 

VIII cacrawaK, 30 aapuAa 1883. 

BiiAH cy : npeACCAHiiK B;i. JosaHOBut, qyiaHOBH : Ct. ^ApaB- 
KOBut, A. BacHjLeBuli, M. BaATpoBnt, II. CpehKoeiili, Cb. Hhko- 
jiajeBHt. — CeKpeiap Josan BoniKOBiili. 

Bp. 1. 

^uTa ce BHTKOBHtsB iipHBpeMeHii iisBeiiiTaj uyTOBair.y ibe- 
roBy n o ycxynKy KftHiKesHHX cxapHHa cpiiCKiix, KOje je ua xoMe 
iiyxy 6ecujiaxH0 ao6iio. 

ynyLyje ce OA^opy 3a nayKe iiCTopHJCKe u AP^Kanue, a r. 
BuTKOBuli Aa iioAHCce Aon,HBJe onranpaH u3Bemxaj. 

Bp. 2. 

HcxH iiOAHOcii ciiiicaK noAB03HHx xpouiKOBa 3a iioMeiiyxy 
cxapuHe, y 39 a»h- n 40 iiapa, xpasKetH Aa My ce ii0AMnpe. 
OAo6paBa ce. 

Bp. 3. 

HcTH HyAii Ha oxKyii yc.aoBHO AO^HBene cuoMeHHKe. 
Yiiyhyjy ce iicTopjijcKOMe OA^opy Ha npeweA ir oueuy. 

Bp. 4. 

EIpeAceAHHK OA^opa jecxacTBeHniKor h MaTeMaTH^Kor npeA- 
AajKe narpaAe iiiicnusia, ii to : r. Hemnfcy sa H>eroB paA „0 ho- 
BHM oCpacuuMa U3 uayae o K0M6iiuaiuijaMa, ca saAaxiiM sdupoM" 



i'A4H>A cpiicKor yqEiior .u'viutba JUo 

— 200 AiiHapa; a r. K-iepiihy :ja paciipaBC „0 cpeAiiurry cii.ia y 
paBHii" - 300 AHHapa. 

OAoCpaBaJY ce o6e iiosienyTc cyMe, no oojuiim.eiiy, Aa cy t'» 
iiirreuciiBuii paAOBu oa AViKer BpeiieHa. 

Bp. 5. 

rocii. Ba^TpoBnh iisBeniTaBa iiHcweHO. Kaico My r. Bo;f:a II po- 
Kiiti, iipeAaBaq iiiipoxcKe nuiHaaiije jaB;i.a, Aa y jeAuor jberoBor 
uo3HaHiiKa y Co(l)iijii \nni pa;m»x AOKyMeHara iia lypcKOM je:uiKy. 
BajKHirx 3a cpiicny ncropiijy HOBiijera AoCa. Oh iioinieaue naCpaja 
10 ciioiieHiiKa, OA 1113 ao 1129 no TypcKOM 6pojeH>y (1696 ao 
17 12 no HameM), a luia ux jooi, Bnme oa 20 uoiaaAa. 

SaMOJbeH je r. BajVrpoBHli Aa iiume r. ETpoicuhy, neKa r^ieAa 
Aa Ao6aBii 3a yieao APyniTBO uoMeHyie iicropiijcKe ncnpase. 

Bp. 6. 

Focn. 'B. 11. PaAOBaHOBHh noKjiaaa 6H6jH0Temi yieHora Apy- 
niTBa 13 pyiioniica noKOJHora KftHTKeBHiiKa cpncBor Atnaia ByjiiKa, 
OA Kujux cy HCKn raxaMnaHH a ueKii niicy Kao : ^H>ia Byja, 2-ro 
nsAaibe (i-o iiSAaite. 1829); IIIiiaH.o.iii y llepyBiiJM, xpareAnja y 
5 qHHOsa (y ByAusiy 1812); rKpxBa cjipxu, Apasia y 3 'uiua (y 
ByAHMy 18l2); Ku.Hra o MyxaucAy ; HaSpeiKHO npaBo, ApaJia y I 
iHHy (y ByAUMy l8l2); CiiouacKa inywa . poMaHXiiina ApaMa y 4 
iHHa (y BeorpaAy 1836); An Oejpya, Apawa y 1 'inuy (y Kap^ioBuy 
1834); Herpn. Apaivia y 3 inea (y ByAHMy 1821); IlayBKa Ja- 
roAHHKE, Apawa y 5 iHHOBa (y BesAHHy MaHacxnpy). UpcAyBe. 
peite, ApaMa y 3 iHHa; KpojaiKii Kaji^Ja, majiuBa iirpa c iiecuaMa 
H 2 MHHa, c Ma^apcKora ; /!,o6poAexejiflu AepBiim uau 3BeKexyiiia 
Kana, qapoSea urpa y 3 inea, c wal^apcKora ; .'Ly6aBHa aaBJicx 
(ynpaBO : cyuiba, Ay6oMopa), uiajtHBa urpa y 2 'luna (y ByAHMy 
1805). 

ripiiMa ce c xBa^iow, a pyKOuncn Aa ce noniiiuy n 'lyiiajy y 
CiiCAuoienn. 

IX cacraH&K, 27 Maja 1883. 

BujIU cy : upeAceaanK B.iaAHMup JoBaeoBHtj, HjianoBii : Cx. 
^ApaBKOBHli, A. BacHji,eBHli, n. CpehiiOBHL, M. Ba.ixpoBn1i, Cb. 
HwKOJiajeBHh. — CeKpexap JoBaH BouncoBnh. 



296 PA4H.A cpncKor yqEHor ^pyiiiTBA 

Bp 1. 
IIpoHHTaine ce h noxnncame saniiCHiimi VII ii VIII caciaHKa. 

Bp. 2. 
^HTa ce nucMO r. jinHncipa npocBeie h upkbghhx iioc.ioBa 
OA 3 Maja OBe roAuae ElBp. 3230, kojiim uosusa ynpasy cpiicKor 
yieHor ApymiBa Aa caojy paAH.y aobcag y CK;iaA ca ype^eH>eM 
ApyinxBeHnM, a yjeAHO jaBji^a, Aa ce APJKaBea domoIi ApyiniBy He 
he iiciiyiaiiHBaTu aok ce paAfta ApyniTBeea He AOBCAe y uoTnyny 
caMacHocT ca ypeljeiteii n saKOHCKOM OApeASoM o noiioiiii. IIiiciio 
TO oacH OBaKo : 

yapaeu CpucKoz ynenoi 4py^Tea. 

Ha Moje iiuiaBe oa 2 siapia OBe roA- IIBp, 1563 kojiim 
cpeACTBiisia jjjicyiii iioAMiipHBaxii iponiKOBe sa paAfty HOBoycia- 
HOBAeHor iiexor oA6opa. yupaBa CpiicKor y>ieHor /I,pyraTBa nu- 
CMOM 6p. 2 113 ceAQime oa 22 anpu.ia, iisBeniTaBa Me, Aa je „ynpaBa 
HaMeHH;ia h Aa je CKyn oAoSpiio h noxBpAUO uexoMe OA^opy neru 
dt;o u3 oeotoduviH>ei oyiiera Ha rpoiuKoap,'^ nojinaykn nanpcA Aa 
npejia HSMCHaiia ii AoiiyuaMa ypeijeaa ApynTBCHor oa roAiiee 1878 
y^eHo ^pymiBo „iiMa na Asa Ha4iiHa Aa paA" na nayun : y 1, 
2 u 3 OA^opy Aa o6paI)yje oTBopena uiixaaa, a y 5 Aa uiiipii y 
napoA CBpmeHa niiiaBa. 06e Bpcxe paAa — aaiKe ce Aaji>e y 
iiiicwy Ao^iaie y FjiacHiiK, h ApyiuTBO MOKe koa iiojeAHHiix Kftiira 
cBora oprana cxaBiixii HapoiHxa o6e.ie;EJa, Kao Kftiira 5?: paciipaBe; 
Kftiira 53: rpai^a; KH>ura 54: paA nexora oA^opa." IIo mio je paA 
iiexora OA^opa, Kojii dii HMao saAaxaK Aa ^niiipH y HapoA CBpineHa 
nHxafta," ype^e&eM ApynixBeanji BesaH sa napoHiiTo 0Apei)eHa 
cpsAcxBa, ynpana je CpiiCKor yqenor APymTBa Ham.ia Aa ona luia 
npaeo Aa cpeAcxBa Koja cy APJKaBHHM 6yijeiOM oApel^ena na 
epmeH>e dpymreeuoz aadarnH, OApel^yje na CBC mxo 6ii j^pyraxBO npeA- 
yse^o Aa paAii, 6\iao to saAaxaK ApyniTBeHH u^iu He 6uao. 

U^eAo OBo cxBaxaae Apyui'iBeaor saAaxKa KaKO ra je ynpasa 
BprauxH iioiewia, uoTnyuo je HecaMacHO ca ypeljeaeM CpucKor 
yqenor ApyniTBa, yc^iCA xora je u pacnoAaraae c HOBaeM OApelje- 
HHM OA cxpane ApjKaBe Hecarjiacao ne cauo ca ypeljCBeM nero u 
ca TBKCTOM CyijeTCKor saKoaa, na ochobv Kojera ce Tporae KpeAHTU 
CyijeTOM GApe^CHH. 



paaiIjA cpncKor yqEiior ^pyimBv 297 

ype^eae ApyrnxBeBO, no HSMCHaiia oa 1878 iipBOJi a^iiiuejoii 
"i^iaHa 1, oiipeAejbyje .iadaran ()pyun«rHu omui iic.,„jm. ^CpncKo 
yqeHO ApymTBO o6pal,yje ii yHanpel,yje uayue « yMexHociu cawo- 
CTBAHUM ucTpaoKU8a>beM ij HaynaMa upupodouucnuM, dpyuiTeeuuM, 
jeauKocJioeHUM, ucropujcmiM u yMernuHKiiM, y koauko ce ruHy 
Cp6a u CAoeeHa, a ^ujuhku.m iJhiauoAoiUKUM , u ucuxoaovikum y oumTe.* 
To je npaBii aauTait APymTBeen, inio ce biiaii ii no n.iany 5, 
KOJH nponncyje ko ce jiose n:!a6paTn xi poAOBnor n.iaua Apyni- 
TBBHor, napeljyjyhn Aa .peAonnn q.iauoBn siory 6hth caMo oun 
HayqHHUH, koju cy ca.uocra.iHU.M KihUJKeoHUM uau yMernuHKUM 
de.iUMa saceedoHUAu, da cy ruoco6iiu u qoa,hu aa pad hh dpy- 
mTsenoM sadarKy." Uo ihto jeyoBOMe c aobojbhom jacaohoM Ka3aH 
saAaTEK ApyuiTBeHH, AOAasn Apyra aAnneja q.iana upBur, Kojn 
roBopn mxa nope^ Tora ApyuixBo joui moskc paAnxn iipeKO Ha- 
po^HTHX OAOopa. .IIopcA Tora — qnxa ce y Apyruj a^inHejn, 
— ApyuiTBO Mooicc npoio HapoHUTiix odCopa cTaparu ce u paduru 
ninpeity nayKe u KitnaicBHOcxn y Behe KpyroBe; a^in na to mookc 
yaoTpeCuTU camo oua cpedcraa, Koja 6u sa raj iiocao 6uAa napo- 
HUTO HaoaeAena uau odpe/Jena." ^lucia je cxBap, Aa obo iuxo ce 
y APyroj aAneeju Kaate, anje cacraeuu deo sadarna dpyuxTaeHoi^ 
Hero Aa je naMepa ype^eaa 6u.ia, Aa ApymxBo jioate uapoiuxe 
H3Bope 3a CBOj nocao noxpaa:nxu iijin Acrax npuBaxaH y xojie 
CMHCAy npuMUXH H xnM usBopniia u^iu AeraxifMa oA6opoM h3 cbo- 
jnx i.iaHOBa cacxaBjtennM ynpaBJbaxn, Bpuxetn mnpeifce HayKe n 
KftnateBHOCXH y napoA Kao cnopedaH nocao, HesaoucHo od apaeoia 
sadaTHa ceoza. 36or xora uixo ^eraxn hau Hapoinxo OApe^eHa 
cpeACXBa Mory Sum pas.inMnxe npupoAe n 36or xora raxo osaj 
cnopeAHH nocao nnje npasn saAaxaK ApynixseHH, ype^eae "i.iaHOM 
15 upexnocxaB^ba, Aa OASopa 3a inupefte eayKe n KanHveBHOcru y 
napoAy Moome 6utu eume, h Aa te hm nporpam OApe^HBaxn ynpasa 
ApyraxBena npewa cpeACXBHMa h noxpe^n. 

r^iaBHn II3B0P n3 Kora CpucKO y'leno Apyu^TBO caAa noAMn- 
pyje CBOje noxpeSe jecxe KpcAnx 6yijexa ApiaaBHor oa 15-283 a"h. 
80 n. Koju je saKOHOM SyijexcKnii oa 1 janyapa obc roAnae cxa- 
BA>eH „Ha nepcoHa/i APynixBeHe KaHueAapuje n Ha epmewe dpym- 
Teeuoz sadaTKa." 

3aAaxaK ApynixBeHn jacHO je 0Apei)eH npBOM aAunejoM MAana 
1-or H HAaHOM 5-nM APymTBenor ype^eH,a. ynpaaa Cpncicor y-je- 



298 PA4H.A cpncKor yqEHor ^pyiiiTBA 

Hor /l,pyiUTBa iiuje eyiacHa caiia MettaTii ciaTyr n AaBam My cmii- 
cao Kojn OH uesia hh no leKciy hii no AocaAauiifcOJ uexoroAU- 
Diitoj JipaKTiiiui, iio Kojoj ce CBarAa iioiiot ApataBHa Tporaiua caMO 
Ha Bputeae ApyniiBeHoi' saAaiKa OHaKO, KaKO je oh cxBafceH npBOM 
ayinHejoii 1-Bor qyiaua h q^iaHOM 5-um. ycTaHOBAeae OA6opa uoa 
6p. 5 II y q^any 15 imenoBaHux sesyje ce sa HapoHnxo Ha6a- 
BA>eHa h;ih OApeijena cpeAciBa. CpeACXBa xa ipe6a Aa cy sa 
spmeihe saAaxKa jeAHora oa iioMeHyxiix OA^opa uajnpe HaSaBAeea 
U4H OApeljeea (ua upw^iuKy 6yi^exOM ua APiKaBC iiMi jieraxoM upii- 
BaiHora fOBeKa), na OHAa Aa ApyniiBO upejia BUMa nporpaji OApe- 
tjyje, no mxo nocyieAfta xa^ita q^iana 15 ype^eaa ApyuiTseHora 
roBopH : ^Hporpaii obiim oASopniia OApel^yje ynpaBa APyinisa upeMa 
cpedcTeuMa ii noxpeCa." 

Ynpasa ApyinxBena HHJe ueljy xhm hii oa Kora Ao6uAa KaKBa 
cpeACTBa, HiiTH AaHac una mxo Biiiue Hcro iirro je ujiaaa npel/e, 
HHxii je saKOHOAaBHO xe-io oapcahao /l,pyraxBy KaKan Hapoqiixu 
KpeAUT 3a xuupeihe uayKa u KrhUJicesHocTu y napod. HuKaKBBx' 
AaKjie, hobux napoinxo OApeljeniix cpeACxasa Hiije 6uao, npeMa 
KOJHMa 6i\ YupaBa Mor;ia nporpaii „iiexoMe OA6opy" nponuciiBaxii. 
Byijex ApaiaBHn Hoje HawefteH paAn>H „iieiora OA^opa", Hero epmetby 
dpymreeHOz sadarna , Huxii xaj KpeAHX MOH^e ynpaBa CpucKor 
y<ieHor/l,pyraxBa pacuope^nBaxH mumo iiponace cBoraype^eaa ii mhmo 
Syi^excKH saKOH, na cyupox uexoroAiiinH>oj iipoxHsaoj iipaBxirmi. 

no raxo je nan Ynpana CpucKor YqeHor /l,pyiuxBa c OAo6pe- 
BBM CKyna yseAa Kao sai.axaK ApymfBtHU, mxo saAaxaK ApyrnxBCHU 
Hiije, H no mxo je xiuie yc.ieA Tora n KpeAiix Kojn je ApaiaBHiiM 
6yj,iexoM OApei^en, pacnopeAii^ia iipoxiiBHO APyunfienoM ypei^eay n 
npoxuBHo HapcASii saKona o fiyi^exy oa 1 jauyapa OBe roAHHe ; xo 
can na ocHOsy q.iana 1 saKona o ypet^en.y wunucxapciBa npocBexe 
n HpKBeHux iiocAoBa oa 14 janyapa 1880 pemno no3Baxii YnpaBy 
CpncKor YqeHor /l,pymxBa, Aa CBojy paA^y AOBeAe y CKAaA ca 
CBOJHM ype^eftCM, ii Aa hobucm Aaxnui CpncKoii Yuchom /l,pymxBy 
OA cxpaHe AP^aae pacnojiaiKe no oapca^h saKoncKoj. Y hcxo Bpewe 
jaB^baM YnpaBii, Aa joj ce APJKaBHa iiomoL CpncsoM YqeHOM APi'- 
raTBy Hate ucniaKiiBaxH upe Hero mxo ce paAH>a ApymTBeua c 
ypel^eifceM ii saKoncKOM oapca^om o iiOMohn y noxnyny carAacHocx 
Te AOBeAe. 

MuHucTup apoceere u nj^Heenux aoc.wea, 
Ct. HOBaKOBMti C. p. 



PAAii'A cpncKor VMEiior .vi'Vimtdv 290 

Ho iioAyJKeM BcKaihy KoiicTaroBuiio je, Aa no ypel>en.y Apv- 
iiiTBOuoM yiipaiui mije B.iaciia Mcibarti oa-ivkc cKyiia. Aaii iipc no 
niTo 6\i ce casBao cKyii, oAAyMCuo 611 : noitymarii a* ce iipcACTaB- 
BOM jeAHOM r. MnuiicTap ysepii, Aa y paAy ApymiHeuoM uena 
HH4era, raro 611 Ciuo iipoTiiBHo ApyuiTBeHOsie ypel,eit,y, mi aaKouy 
o ApaaBHOM eyuexy aa panyncKy roA»Hy 18b3. rocii. >iiiiiiicrap 
MO^Ke, aKO aal^e 3a Ao6po, Aa riiiTatte ciieu,iija;iHOM pasMepasaihy 
ApJKaBHe iiOMohii ua iiojeAime oAoope inniece 11 iipcA aaKOuoAaBuy 
BaacT, uiTO AO caA we oeme 0611 'laj Aaii hii mo komg aauouy ue 
MOffie ce saApaiaBaTii iiomoK ouxajiHM oA^^opiiMa, KojiiJia je ona ao 
caA peAOBHO Aanaua, n kojhx cy iisBopii 11 cpeAciBa ii3Bau cBa- 
Kor nmaaa. 

Bp. 3. 

IIpeAceAHHK iiCTopujcKora OA^opa caonrnTaea OA-iyKv iiomc- 
HyTora OA^opa oa 18 iiaja (6p. 2.), Aa ce cpiicttii ciiOMeHiimi, 
Koje je r. BhtkobbIi yc^iOBHO AoCJaBuo, OTsyne ca 60 Aysaxa, 11 
Apyry oa^iyKy (op. 4). Aa ce i^aeaK r. CpehKOBiifca oc,io6ol)eiby 
JaApa n Pa^esiiHe iipuwu 3a F^iacHUK u uarpaAn. 

OA^yiCHo 6h, ca CBiiMa wacoBUMa iiporiiB jcAuor, Aa ce 
BHTKOBiiteBa 36iipKa oTEynn sa 720 Anaapa (60 avk. tec), a Cpet- 
KOBnheB qyiaHaK narpaAU ca ?00 Anaapa, 

HyiaH yiipase Cb. HiiKo.iajeBiiii oabojho je CBOje Miiuivbeii.e, 
Aa ce caAa He Mory 411B11T11 ii3a »mi hii aa luxo, no uixo je iiaA- 
3opHa B^acx o6ycxaBH.ia iicujialiiiBaae ApacaBHC noMotii. 

Bp. 4. 

rocnoAHH BoroAyS nexpaHOBiit, niicMOM cbojiim 113 /l,pnn»ia oa 
22 anpifjia ob. roA- jaBjta, Aa je Ha paiyu cbojiix xpujy a^iipaica 
cpncKMX HapoAHOX necaitta, KOJe je nocAao y^enoM ApynixBy, npuMHO 
caMO 20 Aysaxa, i) cenieM6pa 1882, MOviehii Aa My ce qac iipe 
norajbe npuK;iaAHii ocxaxaK HOBaua 

Ho raxo Heina sanucHHKa, h3 Kora Cm ce BiiAe.io iiixu je 
TOMe peiueuo, OA.'iyieHO nncaxH npeijaaifteM cespeiapy Aa janii. ua 
^CMJe ocxaAa la cxBap. A Aa ce yiiiixa xom n (j)n.io.ioiiiKir oA<5op. 

Bp. 5. 

npo(J)ecop BAaAiicaaB Tiiie^iSax iioahoch 60 apxexa cxho- 
rpa4>CK!ix CHiiMatta H3 jaroAiiHCKor h tyiipHJCKor ospyra, Koje je 



300 PA4H>A cpncKor yMEnor apviutba 

npiao ^ane he cbom uyioBaBy o ApyiHTBeeoMc iponiKv, a nocjate 

CKOpUM join 40 KOM. 

ysuMa ce Ha hoboaho 3HaBe u yuytyje ce yMe'iHuqKOM oa- 
6opy Ha iiperTiCA. 

Bp. 6. 

Oa6op (})yHAamioHe cpncKe mnoAe sa HayKy h jeauKe y Cp6iiHU 
KOA Xepuer-HoBora nomi cpncKO yieHO ApyuiTBO, Aa 6ecn;iaTH0 
oiajte CBOJa us^aaa uoMeeyTOMe 3aB0Ay n Aa My nooiAe oa KH>iira 
Beti usAaHux Koje Moxe. To iicxo MOyiii h peayiHa niMHasnja y 
Capajesy. 

OA^yieHO, Aa ce h jeAnoMe h APyroM saBOAy yinHu no moaCu. 

Bp. 7. 
FocnoAHH HBaH IlaB^ioBHli SKypn 3a CBOJ xoHopap. 
OAJiyieuo, Aa ce iiohobo name r KyjynijHiiy, 

Bp. 8. 
H A-p la- MyoiHtcKii sypu sa peineH.e o cbojhm pyKoiniciiMa. 
Ho niTO je cxBap caA pemeHa, OA^iyieHO ynuxaTH ra : Ko;inKy 

OTKyiiuy ueny ipaaH. 

Bp. y. 

rocnoAiiH MUHiicxap npocBexe, auxoM cbojhm oa 20 Maja 
nBp. 4021 Bpata HCKe KH>nre, ipaKeKn Aa ce Ha h>uxobo aiecxo 
noniAy APyre. 

OA^yiCHO, Aa ce noniAy n3AaH,a yieHora ApynixBa itoja xpaKn, 
oiiex y no.Aa ii,eHe, h Aa ce iipeMa xosie yAecH panyH. 

Bp. 10. 

KapAOBaiKu oA^op 3a iipenoc Kocxnjy BpaHita PaAHHeBuLa 
B3JaBAyje »ejby, Aa c xom oiihixom cpiicKOM cbcxkobmhom ue fiyAC 
y Hcxo BpcMC H npeHoc KocxHJy ByKOBux. lUa-te CBOJe ciince : 
„CpncKOM HapoAy" a „rAe te 6hxh rpo6 BpaHKOB." 

OAroBopHxn, Aa iipeHoc ByKOBHX Kocxnjy ne Le 6hxu y jeAHO 
Bpejie c BpaaaoBUM, h saxBaAiixw na o6a noc/iaxKa. 

Bp. 11. 
MuHHCTapcTBO iipocBeTB, EKTOM CBOJHM OA 2 jiaja nBp. 3355 
xpaKH, Aa My ce BpaxH CTapii iieiax ApyiHTBBHH Ha yHHmxen>e. 



I'A,UI.\ CPilCKOr V'lKllUI- 4I'>1I1TI1\ 301 

OAi'OBopiiTH, Aa 6ii raj iie'iar Baji.u.iu uocjiaTii y iiuiioahii 
M yaej ua 'lyBafte. 

B]). 12. 

npo(l)ecop ;i peicTop rpaAa'iitor yuiiBepciiTOTa y IllTiipciioj. 
AP. X J. BiiAepjiaH, iiiajbe cBoj ciiiic Die Serben-Ausiedluiiti.n 
ii) Steierniark und iin warasdiner Grenz-Generalate. Graz IbbS.'* 

OAiiyieuo aaxBajiiiTii siy Ha xpyAy u iiodanoM ciincy, a Kao 
y'Mapje iiocyiaxii My „CiiOMeHiiKe us dyAnsicKur ii iieiuraucKor ap- 
xiiBa" rjiacHiiK Apyror oAeibKa, kil. 3, i, a ii (j. 

Bp. 13. 

Ha upeA-ior iipeAceAHHKa OA^opa 3a Hayse jocxacTBeiiii'iKL' 
II MareMaruiKe, OApel,yje ce xoHopap qjiaay Job. '.KyjoBiihy 3a 
iberoBe paAOBe „rpa!)a aa reo.ioriijy Cpdiije, I, 11, ii 111'* n ,Hubc 
ueTporpaiJjCKC Bpcre" uo 96 Anuapa oa inraiiiiaHora raoaKa, a l2o 
AUHapa 3a uapiy. 

FociiOAUH HiiKOjiajeBiili OABaja ii obac CBOje Mnm.i,eii,e sao 
u EOA 6poja 3. 

X cacTanaK, 15 jyua 1883. 
Bii.iii cy : upeAceAHHK B^iaAHMiip JoBanoBiih, 'KiaHOBii : Ct. 
'iApaBKOBuh, A. BaciiAeBiili , 11. CpetKOBiiL, M. Ba^TpoBiih, Cb. 
IIiiKoyiajeBiiL. — CeKperap JosaH BomKOBiit. 

Bp. 1. 
UpoHHia ce H yiBpAH iipeACtaBKa r. MiiHiicrpy iipocBeic, ua 
aKT fteroB oa 3 siaja obc roAHHe II6p. 3230, kojum jaB.i>a Aa jc 
o6ycTaBiio Apa^aBuy noiioli APymrBy, aok ce paAfta Apyu'TBcua iic 
AOBBAe y ooTnyHy caMacHOCT ca ypeljeftCM u sanoHCKOM oApeA^oM 
noMohH. IIpeACTaBEa xa taacu oBaKo : 

FocaoduHe Munucrpe, 

YopaBu cpiiCKor yieHor APymrBa lacx je Aa OAioBopu iia 
nucMO r, MUHUcxpa upocseie oa 3 Maja OBe roAiiue IlOjt. 323«), 
y KOMe ce nosuBa yiBHO ApyinxBO, „Aa CBOJy paAH.y aobcag y cK.iaA 
ca CBOJKM ypeljefteM," u yjCAHO ce jasita, „Aa ce APJsaBHa iiosioh 
cpncKOM y^enoM APymTBy He Le iicn^atuBaxn, ape Hezu utro ce 
paAfta APyuiTBeHa c ypel^efteji u saKOucKOM oapcaCom o momoIiii 
y uoTuyny cat.iacuocT hq fl.Ohefl,^'^. 



302 paahjA cpncKor yqEHor ^pyiuxBA 

JUto je ApyniTBO ii aeroBa yiipaBa ao caA paAM^a, y iinTaiby 
Koaie je peq, paAiuii cy ua ochoby APyiUTBeHora ypeljeaa, TaKO 
Aa je ibiixoBa paAfta y nornyaoj cyMacHOCTii ca 3aKoecKiiM oa- 
peA^aMa 

TaKO y ocenBaiBy OA^opa sa inupeH.e Hayua y aapoA, ApyiniBo 
je Bpmu.io upocTO niTO jc no ha. I u 15 cBora ypeljeaa Ouao 
AyatHO H B^iacHo AaBpmu. A Aa ce saAaiaK APymiBeHH HMa nojMUTii 
uao mxo ra je APyinTBeau maBHu cKyu uoJMUo, jacHO je n no TOMe^ 
uiTO II oHu, Kojii cnpejiaxy Aaaaiuibe ypei^eae APyuii'Ba, xaKO cy ra 
pasywejiii. l^anoBii Koiiiiciije sa iiperwieA ype^eaa APyniTBeHor, Ha 
cacraHKy CKyiia oa 12 jyua 1877, Kany y CBOMe usBeniTajy, Aa je 
„KOMuciija CBpuiiua cboj iiocao u iiiua lacx jedHodyiuHo upeAAO- 
i-KiiTii raaBHOM CKyny, y ipiiMa iiuTaifcHMa : o upozpaMy (3aAaTEy 
ApyiUTBenoM), oddopuMa (y CBCMy paenoupaeHUM) , u o pedosnoM 
'uuiHCTey, ii3Meoe u Aoiiyse." Oa a^bst i.iaHOBa iioMeHyie komh- 
ciije, leiBopima cy Aaaac ijiaaoBii neior OA^opa, a jcAaa je lAau 
yiipaBe ApyinxBa, u cbii obii iioiiMajy saAarait ApyinxBa Kao mio 
ra je uoJMiio ii rAaBHii ApyiuiBeHii cKyu. 

Apyra no.ioBUHa lyiaHa 1, y nuiaity o iiOTiiyaoM aaAaiKy 
ApyniTBeHOM, BpeAn ko/ihko ii iipBa; upiiHOBa ra oa roAnue 1877-78 
uiije Hiiuiia APyro, Hero domjua npBOJ no.iOBiiHii. LlpeAAor iioped 
KojiiM ce Apyra noAOBiina no4HH>e, una leiiipii SHaiefta (no /l,a- 
HiimilieBOJ CHHTaKCii), iia hii no ochobhom linaieftv: y pedy c hum, 
HH uo ocrajiiiMa (noKpaj, iipii, ca, koa) hc SHaiu caw ao ce6H, Aa 
je CTBap iiOKpaj H>era — „ciiopeAHa", oa ua^ie BpeAHOCTii. A KOMe 
Aauac uiije BeL iiosHaxo , Aa je 3a oupaf^ueaibe uayKa oa Suthb 
BpeAHOcxn : koaiiko Aa ce paciipaB.^ajy oxBopeHa nayiHa nuxaaa, 
xo.liiKO u da ce tioay.iapumy peiupna Hayina auTawa. 3ap 6h npn- 
poAue uayiie 5iiAe Aanac oho iirio cy, Aa iix Xyji6oAx y cBOJie KoaMocy 
Hnje raupiLM KpyroBuiia iipiucaaao , xe xiiiic iipiiiioMorao , Aa oae 
iiocxany oiiiine AoCpo miBii.iii^joBauor cBexa? II sap joui u iipeA 
xaicuM (}'aiixoM Aa ce AOKasyjc ii oojamibaBa iioxpeSa, no Kojoj 
Aaaac Apyui'i'Ba u aKaACMuje 3a uayite, uopeA iicxpasnBaaa y Ha- 
yicawa. ii3^iaaiy uaynne iicxiiue ii aa uiiipj iiySAiiity ? ! ^^aH 5 
ApymxBeuor ypel^eaa ue casio Aa niijc npoxuBan, Hero je ynpano 
OAJCK xosie. To ,ie 6ap CBasoBie ;!Haouy cxBapii jacno, Aa iiiicuu 
Kojii xohc Aa luiipe uayue y uapoA , Tpe6a Aa B.iaAajy uayicaMa 
Kao u ouii, Kojii ysiiwajy Ha ce Aa pacnpaBAajy oxBopeua uayiHa 



I'A.Ui.v ciMicKor ym;iior .u-yiirniv 303 

iiHTafta. llajeca cbum iipiipoAHo, iiixo ce ii y ApyriiTBeaoM ypfljen-y 
Tpa>Kii jeAuaiia ciipejia aa o6e Bpcxe uayiiiiix paAniiKii. Join Cm ce 
Moi'jio pehii, Aa uoiiy^iapucafbe Hayne, aKo uiije Tc-Hic Mi lu'.io uiijc 
.laKuie OA iiiicaaa Hayqaux paciipaBa. UrvAa ii jeci rauo Ma.ieii 
6poj Ba^tauiix iioiiy.iapir.uTopa y iipociierHOM cBoxy. A Aa je ii no 
uapoA oojbe ii KOpiicmije, saA ce uayaa » ysjexHocT luiipe y ache 
KpyroBe, to je iisBan cnaKe cyufte, Hayita ii yMeiuocr ii uiicy paA" 
ce6e caMiix, hiitii cy cajio 3a aene cra.ie/Ki;, Kao uito ce y cpeAH.eM 
BBKy Miic.iii.io, aero cy aa aapoA u cae jtyAO, ;ia ueao loBciaacrBo. 
C Apyre cipaae, iierii oA^op iipiiB.iaHuo on iioiiy.iapunjiiM ciiiiciiMa 
iiiiipe KpyroBe aa iiiiTaB>e a uaBiiKaBao iix ua iiorpeCy AyxoBae 
xpaae, iia luiipeKii iiiicMeaocT n sajii/KeBiiocr . craapau 6\i 'iiira- 
jia^Ky ny6.iiucy a :5a aaynae npoasBOAe ocra-iax oA'Jopa, re a iinie 
apanoMorao aaapcAaoji o6pal)aBaB>y aaysa aa cpacKOM oribuiary. 
llpoaiAa aeroroAiiaiaa aporaBaa iipaKiaKa ae cauo Aa aaje aa- 
KaKaB A0Ka3 nporaB aexor OA^opa , aero aa apoxaB CBCAoqa, Aa 
ce ape ycxaaoBji>eB.a xora oA^opa ae MOJKe a a jinciaxa aa 0- 
36aAH0 ocxBapeibe ^"i,pynn'BeHor saAaxKa. 

no CBRMa pas^osiijia aayice a aaapexKa, aa a npeMa jacaasi 
oApeA^aMa 'lAaaa 1 Apyuixseaor ype^ea>a, yqeao ApyinxBO ao3Baao 
je Aa ce „cxapa a paAii niapeH>y aayne a Kaa^KCBaocxa y Bt-hu 
KpyroBe*. xoaie apeA aosaxaBaasi saKoaoii, apeA npaB05i aaynoii 
a apeA oamxaji naxepecoM ae Mose Aa 6yAe aa aaTaB.a. A 3a- 
KOHCKe 0ApeA6e jacae cy a y aaxaa.y do6aeA>aiby cpedcraoa sa 
paAity yieaor ApyiuiBa u ibuxoooj ijuoTpe6u. 

Oae Bpcxe y iJia.H\ 1, ao Kojasia ApynixBo, aa aiapea.e aavKa 
a KftaiKeBHOCxa] y BeLe Kpyrose, MO'.Ke yaoipeCaxa caMo oaa cpeA" 
CTBa, Koja <5a aa xaj iiocao 6a.ia ^mipoHuTo Ha6aii^beHa u.iu udpc- 
i^ena,'' He Mory HaKaKo aaannra : Hajape aapoiiaxo aaCasAeaa na 
OHAa OApel^eaa; H.axoB je apaaa cjiacao: u.in aapciaxo aaCaBAcaa 
uAu oApetjeaa. Ko Aa aaSaBu aapoiaxa cpcACXBa aa aiapea.e aayKe, 
aKO He 6yAe 6ap jeAQor OAoopa 3a xo aapo4aTo cacxaa-bcaor? Ku 
Aa noKjioHa a^ia aaseaixa mxo acKOiue , uora aejia aa cHeTy '.■' A 
BcL a cana apexa^axa Ha nonyyiapae caace jior.ia 6a Aoaoxa ko- 
^aKO Ca xpeoa.io, aa Aa aexa oA^op mo/KO Aa oxao'iae cBojy i)aAH.Y. 
a Aa ce a He caoMiiibe AoxoAau oa VBeLaue apol^e Kihaiii. 

LIIxo ce xaie pacaojiaraBa ca aoMoLy ApKaaauM ;ia apiiicibc 
Apyiaxseaor saAaxua, ao OApeA^ajia craxyxa. xo ai)aaaAa cKvay 



304 i>A4tbA ccncijor yiEHor ^pjuitba 

ApyuiTBa (4jiaH 36 ypeljeaa 6p. 6 u 8), napoHHTo mio ce tuhg 
pacnopeAa iioc^ioBa u cpoACTasa na OA6ope. /l,ps^aBa Buje hukea 
cawa ciieii,iija;iHO OApet)HBa,ia uoMok iiojeA"HUM OA^opuMa, Hero 
yseK dpymTGij y i^e.io, a CKvn h yiipasa paciiopel^nBa^iu cy je Ha 
nojeAUHe OA^ope (najnpe je ne.io Apyu'TBO 611.10 jeAan oA6op, aa 
TiiM je iiMavio 3, ua 4, a caA una 11 5-rii OA^op). TaKO cxBaTaae 
Hiije upoTiiBHO Hii saiiOHii dpjKasHOM oyytery sa panyHCKy roAuny 
1883, jep y tom saaoHy, a uo H>eMy u y iisBOAy oa 22 (})e6pyapa 
OBB roAiiHe n6p. 710 ctoju iispeKOSi : „Ha aoMofi cpncKo.n yneuoM 
dpyuiTsy^ Ha iijiary nepcoHa^ia 11 na. spvuetbe dpyiureeHoz sadarwa 
15283-80 Aunapa." 

rocnoAHHy MHHHCTpy CToju, HapaBHO, AO BOJbe, Aa iiiixafte 
cneu,iija.iHOM pasiiepaBaity ApataBHe noMohn na iiojeAi.He oA^ope u 
upeA saKOHOAaBHy syiacT iisaece, aKO to 3a Ao6po oat^e. H auo 611 
ce r. MUHiiciap pemiio Aa Taj Kopas yniiHii, na 611 Hamao, a* cc 
AOTiie OA AP^aBHB noaiotiu Ha hbtu oa6op nesia HiiuiTa iiSAaBaTH, 
OH Heea ii3bo;ih CBOjy HapeA6y TOMe ynpasu caoiiniTUTii. 

A./111, Hu no KOM gaKOHy ne Moaie ce saApaaBaxH noMot 
ociaJHM OA6opHMa, KOJHMa je OHa h ao caA pbaobho AaBana, 11 
KOJHX cy nsBopn n cpeACTBa iisBan CBUKor nniaaa. 

C Tora ynpasa cpncKor yieHor APyni^Ba Mo.an r. MHHHCTpa, 
Aa U3B0J1H Aiitii CBOJy saOpaHy ca APsaBHe noMohn yqenoiie APyin^By 
y nHxepecy Bprneaa ApyuiTBGHor saAaiKa, thm upe, iuto 6ani caA 
Hacxaje Bpesie, KaA iJianoBU yMexHuiKor OA6opa Bajba a* uyxyjy 
uo CBOMC apxeojioiuKOM H eTHorpa(})CKOM noc;iy, a OBaj fee ce MohH 
nacxaBiixii n OBe roAUHe caMo xaKo, aKO ce ApJKaBHa uomoL yqenoM 
ApynixBy no saKony n Aa-te 6yAe usAaBayia. 

Bp. 2. 

Aouucnii g^an APymxBa aP- JosaH JoBanoBut, jieKap y Be^iy, 
OAroBapa, Aa te r-tja Mnna ByKOManoBntKa, kLu ByKOBa, Aotu Ha 
CKopo y Beorpa;!, fac he yueno APyniTBo Motn c ftOMe ycwcHO cbb 
yr;iaBnxn, mxo ce xn'ie npeKviia n usAaBaaa ByKOBUx Aeaa. Yjcaho 
he ce ApyinxBO Motn c H>OMe AoroBopuxn u npenocy ByKOBHX 
KocxMJy, 3a Koje nwa Bpeaiena n ao ro,\uae, jep je tck npBa ono- 
MCHa ii3aui.ia 3a one, Kojii jkcjic kocxii cuojnx sipxBnx, n3 rpo6Aa 
cb. MapKa y Bciy, Aa npcMCCxe KyA ua APyry cxpany. 

y3HMa ce Ha 3Han>e. 



PAAH.A CPnCKOr VMEHOr APyUITBA 305 

Bp. 3. 

A-p X. MyrantcKii oArosapa , Aa je BOAaa ycTyiiiiTH 6ei- 
ycaoBHO yqeHOMe APyuiTsy Apyry 36upKy pyuoimcu aa .')(! Jiop u 
iipBy 36upKy pyKOiuica aa 150 ^Jop, a. sp. 

OAoSpasa ce oxKyuHa uena oa 50 ^op. aa APyry 36upKy; a 
3a iipsy 36upKy, yiiytyje ce ucTopiijcKOMe oA6opy /Vd Kaace. je .iii 
Be./iHKa ii.eHa oa 150 4)op. a. sp. 

Bp. 4. 

IlHcau „^IemKe 6u6.iiiorpa(l)iije'* jasAa CBOJy caAaiiifty aApecy 
OA^yieHO : auTaxu ({)b;io^oiiibh oa6op, je jIii iiiicuy 0Apel)eH 
KaKaB xoHopap sa noMCHyTu aeroB iviaHaK ? 

Bp. 5. 

r, MHHHCTap upocBBTe, asTOM cBojiiM OA 7 jy^a oBe roAiine 
n6p. 4493 iinxa, je ;iu r. BuiKOBiit iipeAao ApyinrBy H3BecHe cxa- 
pime uAa ae ; aKO je npcAao, uixa je iioiiMeene iipeAao, u xote 
.111 ce Aaxu KaKaB xoHopap OHOJ upasHOj .uiihocxu aa xo, jep ce 
BUAU H3 iiiiCMa, Koje je r. MHanciap ao6uo Aa oaa xo uiuxe. 

Bp. 6. 

OA^iyieHO 6u y naiejiy, Aa yieao APyuiTBO Ha CBeiKOBiiuy 
BpaHKa PaAnqeButa y Kap;ioBmiMa, uoui^te ABa lAaaa CBOJa, kojii 
he ra xaMo npeACxaBAaxn. HsSop ;iHn,a Sute y APyroj ceAHuuu. 

Bp. 7. 

U.0 iipeAiory yMexHUHKor OA6opa oxKyiiAyjy ce 4)OTorpa(j)ciin 
a./i6yMii HapoAHor 0Ae.ia oa r. H. ApceHOBiiLa, sa 40 ^op. a Bp 

Bp. 8. 

Ha apxeo./iouiKO uyxoBaae ^.lauoBa MiuyximoBiiha ii Ba^i- 
xpoBflha oApeljyje ce, Kao u iipel^amftiix roAHHa, 120 avk., a ua 
exHorpa({)CBo nyxoBaite r. Ba. Tnxe.(i6axa 4:') Ays. tec. 

y OAroBopy r. Mnancxpy (uoa 6p. 1) Aa ce Hapoiirro ua- 
r.iacii : Aa te ce OBaj paA yMcxuiiqKor OA6opa moKh HacxaBiixii ii 
OBe roAHHe caMO xaKO, aBO ce AP'SaBHa ugmoL yieiioM ApyuiBy 
110 saKeny ii Aa^e 6yAe iiaAaBa^a. 

rAACHHK LIV. 20 



306 PA4H.A cpncKor yqEHor 4pymTBA 

XI cacTanaK, 30 jyna 1883. 

Bujiu cy : npeAceAHUK BjiaAiiMup JoBaBOBut, q^iaeoBii Ct. 
3ApaBK0Biili, A. BacHJbeBnb, M. Ba^TpoBuk, II. CpekKOBiit. — Ce- 
Kpeiap JoBan BouikobhIi. 

Bp. 1. 
IIpoiHTarae ce h noTiiHcame aaancHimH ceAHime IX h X. 

Bp. 2. 

T^uTa ce HHCMO r. MHHHCxpa upocBeTe, oa 23 jyna OBe roAnne 
IIBp. 4944, Koje ryiacH : 

T,yapaeu cpacKOZ yHeuoz dpymrea- 

IIucMO Moje OA 3 Maja OBe roAHne IIBp. 3230 HHJe noc^iaHO 
yupaBH cpncKor yqenor ApymTsa as, 6n ce oiBopiijia AncKycHJa, 
Hcro joj je ynyLcHO Kao aKi naASopne APsaBae B.iacTH, Aa 6h 
oHa no H>eMy aocTyiiH.aa. C Tora ce Ha uocmo ynpase oa 15jyHa 
OB. roA- 6p. 1 MOHte oAfOBopuxH caMO to , Aa be ce uoMot APy- 
niTBy OHAa oneT iioieTu HSAasaTH, KaA oho CBOJy paAfty A0Be;i,e y 
caMacHOCT c oHaKHM pasyMCBaBeM ype^eH>a, KaKBO je y rope no- 
MeHyroM aKTy noKasano. 

MuHucrap apoceere u i^pneeHUX aocAoea 

Ct. HoBaKOBMti c. p.« 

Ho niTO ynpasa HHJe B./iacHa oho MeaaTu, raio je ceyu pe- 
raiio H ycraHOBHo, OA^yieHO : Aa ce Ha jecen caaoBe cayn paAn tc 
CTBapn. A./11I Aa 6ii ce sna^io niTa te ce hshcth npcA CKyu na pe~ 
niefte, aasiojiiitie ce aajnpe r. iiHHiicTap, Aa iiSBoyiu noHMCHue Ha. 
SHiiHimi, y MCMy ce OA^yna APyniTBeHa He ciaatte ca ypel^efteM. 

Bp. 3. 

/I,onHCuii i./iaH r. 'L. nonoBHt uoahco je CBoje orvieAe Pen- 
HUKa TypcKUx penu (ii ohiix uepcHJCKux u apancBHX, KOJe cy 
upcKO Typawa yin.ie y Ham jeaiiK), napal^eue c iicMoLy 4 Jiuua mii- 
HuciapcTBa crio.i3amH.Hx iiocyiosa, itoja Ao6po snajy xypcBH. 

YiiyLyje ce oA6opy 3a uayKC (J)H.ao;iomKe u (j)u.ioco<|)CKe na 
upeMCA u oHCHy. 



I'AAibA cpiiCKOr y^EHor 4PyaiTR.v 307 

Bp. 4. 

KaKO ce iiOMeeyTii oa6op obg roAJiue iiii jcAau iiyi niijo cu- 
cTao, a iijia CTBapii sa pe.[iaBaH.e, to OA^iyieuo 6iu Aa ce xaj oa- 
6op casoBe, iipeMa q-iauy 30 6pojy 5 ApymrBOHora y|)el,eii,a, kojii 
Mace : „yiipaBa je BAacHa h dyjicna caanBarii oA6ope ua cacxanKe 
tipeKo iipeAceAHHKa auxoBiix." 

Bp. 5. 

Oa6op 3a CBeiKOBHuy TO-xoroAHUiftHue A-pa '1'paH.e Miikao- 
inuLa y jByTOiniipy (y IIlTnpcKoj) jaBAa, Aa he xa CBexKOBiiua 6iitii 
21 asrycxa (2 cenxeM6paj obc roAnae, c mo.i6om, Aa Cii cpiicKO 
yieHO APyniTBo u3Boyie.io y>iecxBOBaxii y iioMeHyxoj iipoc.<iaBn. 

OA^yneeo, Aa yneHO ApyiuxBO iipesia AaHainH>HM cbojum cny- 
qeHiiM cpeACTBHMa yiecxByje cajio c jcahiim iiaaciamiKOM, a xo Aa 
6yAe jeAaH oa ohhx, Koje n iipo^ecopcKu caBei BeAiiKc uiKO-ie ii3- 
6epe. IlyTBH ipouiaK OApeAnke ce HaKHaAHO, 

Bp. 6. 

Oa6op 3a upeHoc icociujy BpauKa PaAuqeBHka y KapAOBuiiiua 
MOAH H uo3HBa yiCHO APymTBO, Aa usacAaHcxBOM U3 cBoje cpeAHue 
Aoiipimece Ka yseAH'iafty xe CBeqaHocxu. A ApyriiM iiiicmom caoii- 
iiiTasa CBOJy OA^ysy, Koja vAa.c\i : Ha Aan iiocie cBexKOBHuc, 11 
(23) jyAa, noAoatwhe napAOBaqKii ii 6ems.ii OA^op iipeA iisacjaHii- 
UHMa YiBHora /IpymiBa u Maxime CpncKe CBOje paqyae ; xaj 
he sajeAHHiKu 36op yjcAHO peiiiiixu, r^e Aa ce Bpaimy iiOAnrHe 
cnoMeHHK H KiiKaB ? C xora JiOMeuyTii OA^op mo.iii, Aa yieuo Apy- 
niTBO H36epe h uoiuac y Kap./iOBii,e 3a xaj Aaa uex CBojiix i.ianoBa. 

H3a6paHU 6uiue 3a ii3ac^iaHiiKe ApyuiTBeae aa xoj cbctko- 
BHHU : Josan BoiuKOBiih, JoBaa Taop^cBiiL ii MuxaiMO BaAxpoBiih. 
CBaKOMe ce OApel^yje y nMe iioiiyxHiiae 72 A'luapa. Ociisi h>iix Aa 
ce saMo.ie join ABa Hjiaaa Apyiu'i'BeHa, kojh ce Ha CBexKOBiiaii aal^y. 
Aa H3B0Ae cyAeAosaxH iipu pemaBaay rope iioMeayxe cxBapii. 

Bp. 7. 

3a qAaaaK HBaaa IlaBAOBnta : Cpiicica iiiicMa y i^jpauuyoKiiM 
apxHsaiaa — oApe^yje ce narpaAa no (10 Anaapa oa luxaMiiaaa 
Ta6aKa. 

20* 



308 PAAH.A cpncKor yqEHor 4PyuiTBA. 

Bp. 8. 

Oa^YKR OA^opa 3a yweTHOCT : Aa ce r. MnyiOBaHOBiih ir OBe 
roAHHe HsaoiAe Aa iipoAyHiii upiiKyuAaH.e eTHorpa(j)CKe rpalje ; Aa 
ce iiHine r MiiHucTpy upocBexe, Aa 6piiry oko inTaMiiaita MysiiMHiix 
cnHca Kopee^iHJa CraHKOButa iioBepii yMeiHniKOM OA^opy cpncKor 
yqeHor ApyniTBa ; ii o ouinioj iis.iojk^q cbiix eTHorpa4)CKi;x upxeHca, 
Kojy Le Ha jecen upiipeAuiii OA^op sa yMereocT — ynpasa ysiiiia 
Ha 3HaH>e u ycsaja nx. 

XU cacTH-HaK, 26 aezycra 1883. 

Bn.in cy : npeAceAHHK BjiaARMcp JoBauoBHt, ^^lanoBn : Mh- 
xaH^io BaAipoBHli h ceKpexap JoBan BoniKOBiiti. 

Bp. 1. 

CeKpexap nsBeraiaBa, Aa cy na cBexKOBiiHH BpaHKOBoj y Kap- 
jiOBUiiJia sacxynajiH cpncKO yieno ApymxBO : JoBan TsopijOBuh h 
JoBan BoinKOBiiii, a no raxo r. M, Ba^ixpoBHli HHJe Morao hIih, join 
II yMOABHU MvTaHOBH : A-P JoBan TypoMan, Csexosap HBaiKOBiih ii 
MiuaH KyjyHijHK. Ha SaHKeiy JoBan BouikobhIi oASApaBno je y Hiie 
KH>n}seBHnx ApyinxaBa cpucKUX. Cyxpa Aan no cBeiaHOM iipeHOcy 
Kocxiijy peiiieHO je na sajCAUuqKOM 36opy OA^opa h nsacyianiiKa, 
Aa ce BpaHKy iioAnrHe cnoMCHUK na xpry y KapjiOBUHMa, a na 
rpo6y iiupaMiiAa oa Kaiiefta h3 pasyinqeux cpncKux seiia^ba. KaA 
uaupxii 3a ciioMBHUK 6yAy poiobh, OHAa te cpncKO yieno APyiuTBO 
6iixn nanoBO yjioACHO Aa iiomAe u3ac;iaHHKe paAii nsoopa h ko- 
HaHHor peraeaa xe cxBapa. — 3a yieeo ApymiBO KyiiAeaa je iom 
iipH;iHKOM KOyieKUHJa OA ^ Be^uKux (})oxorpa(J)CKHX cyiHKa o Bpau- 
KOBOJ CBeiKOBHHH 3a 5 (J)op. a. Bp. 

YsHMa ce aa 3Haae n oAoSpana ce. 

Bp. 2. 

Oa6op 3a iipcHOC KocTHJy CieBaea jByfiHrae h3 Beqa y ByAsy, 
o6pata ce yienoM APyuifsy paAH cKyiiJbaaa npiijiora Ha xaj cMep. 

OAJiyieHO, Aa ce „npor;iac na HapoA Q ./iHcia sa Kyiijbefte 
Ao6poBOJbniix iipn;iora" iipcAaAy OBAainftiiM HOBimajia, c upeiiopy- 
i:oM OA cxpane ApymxBa. 



PA4H.A cpncKor yqEHor 4i'yiiiTB\ 300 

Bp. 3. 

HaAaopHumTBO TeKC^njiiHor saBOAa y BvAUM-Ueiiini mo.ih, a^ 
cpiicKO yiGHO ApyuiTBO iioiDAe TOM 3aB0Ay cBa cBoja ii:uaiLa, no 
ujTo ry HMa 18 iinroMana Cp6a, a \i Apyrii l,aun CpCii H3 bhujiix 
iBKOJia y yrapcKOj iipecroHimu AO^aae ua cacTauue, Aa ce Bea;6ajy 
y cpiicKOM jeaiiKy u KH>ii/KeBHOCTn. ^asoACKa 6n6AHOTeKa Gpojii 
HCTuaa aa 3000 ASAa, a^ii Mcljy auMa remKo Aa iiMa 300 cbc- 
satta H3 CTapiije cpiiCKe KH>0KeBH0CTH ; a uobujhx iipoHsaoAa aena 

rOTOBO aUKaKBHX. 

TaKO HCTO cpuciia yiurejhciza uiito^a y TopiLOM Kap^oBuy, 
(ocHOsaaa 3a eaapxajy ropH.OKapAOBaHBy y uaKpaHuy, Boje 6poje 
aa 400, OOO upaBOCjiaBBHX Cp6a) mo^h sa ApyuiTBeaa H3Aan>a. 

OAAyieao, Aa ce noiuA>e a jbahom a ApyroM sasoAy oa cbiix 
B3Aau>a. Kojax join ana. 

Bp. 4. 

OaniTaaa LynpajcKa majte 76 AWHapa, y KopiiCT ([)oaAa sa 
npeaoc Kociajy oaa aoBiije cpncKe KB>BJKeBaocTB, ByKa Cre^) Ka- 
paijata (to je nojiosaaa oa lacTor AOxoTna jcAae saOase). 

OA^yieao, Aa ce aoauu AaAy aa apanjoA OBAaaiB.oj „3aApy3ii 
3a Me^ycodao iiOMaraa>e u uiTeAH»y," aok ae Aol^e Bpene Aa ce 
yuoTpe6e aa hjto cy aaMeB>eau, a oiiaiTuaa Aa ce asBecTH o npiiJMy 
a Aa ce npeKO B.e saxBaAH cBajia cypaAaaanMa aa poAOAy6aBOM 
Aapy a 3ay3aMaB>y. 

Bp. 5 

Ilacaa qAaaaa „^eniKa 6a6ABorpa4)aja" TpaasH Aa Jiy ce iio- 
niAe OTBcaK Tora coaca a xoaopap 3a a.. 

OA-iyieao, Aa My ce c xaajiOM iioniAe TjiacanK 52 ii xoao- 
pap, apcMa paaiijoj OAjiyU'i ApyniTBeaoj, (cacTaaaK ynpase oa 23 
jyaa 187«, TAacaaK 49, cip. 392), no 60 AHaapa sa lUTaMnaaa 
Ta6aK, IBM ApyaiTBO 6yAe y cTaB.y Aa acnjiahyje. 

Bp. 6. 

Ho aiTO r. MaaacTap upocBeie aaje OAo6pno uyTBu iporaaK 
ABOJaaa BsacAaaBtta seAiiKe iiiKOjie aa MaKAoaiBlieBy 70-roAHinH.uay 
y ytyTOMapy, to seABKa aiKO^a aiije MorAa aaKora nocAaia aa tv 
CBeTKOBoay, a no TOMe aa yHcao ApyniTBO. (F.ieAaj 6p. 5 npe- 
^aniH.e ceAanae). C rora je npeAceAaninTBO oeora ApyniTBa onraap- 



310 PA4H>A cpncKor yqEHor ^pvuitba 

HHJHM Te^erpaMOM nosApaBiiJio cjiaBjteHiiKa n cBeTKOBaie, 6paty 
CjioBeniie. 

OAoCpaBa ce noTiiyno. 

Bp. 7. 

r-t)nua Mapnja KoxoBa m Bep^inua . saxBa.iyjytii Ha Aony- 
niTeifcy Aa MOKe npeBecrii Ha HeMaiKii 1 Kftiiry cpiicKiix napoAHiix 
upiiuoBeAaBa, Koje je CKynuo ByK BpqeBiit a H3Aa;io cpncKO yqeeo 
ApyniTBO, MOTin Aa joj ce jaBH KaA 6yAy Hsani.ie ii one napoAHC 
neciie, Koje je oh cKyiuio, a Hajiase ce y eainera ApyraxBa. 

HMahe ce Ha yny. 



DR Srpsko u5eno druStvo, Belgrad 
301 Glasnik. 1. odeljak 
S67 



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