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Full text of "Srpsko ucheno drustvo, Belgrad. Glasnik"

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ARTBS SCltNTlA VERITAS 




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rJlACHMR 



CPIlCKOrA VHElIOr APyillTBA 



K E H r A B9 



Eaghpabe k ap^th hjiahuh 



y BEOrPAAV 1889 

F IJI T A M II A FMf J n K P A ,b E K 11 U E C F^ D U J K 



J7a v(^^am}v If *in,u.jieitpHunu it^ fitijttt^tetiKft 



•- • .t 



rJlACHMK 



CPnCKOrA YHEHOr APyniTBA 



TH'&lTl 68 



PACnPABE H APyi^H HJIAHI^H 



y BEOrPAAV 1889 

y niTAMIIAPUJIf KPAAEBMHE CPEHJE 



Ha ttpoA<*Jy V MfMMi0<ipMu«fw B, Bat^oateuKa 



301 






UT KV JIK A' 



1 . Xlpujoau 3a cHHTancy cpncKora jesHKa. I. O najiejKHiia 6e3 
npe^aora. Oa Ilepe n. 'Bop))eBHha. (HacrasaK u Kpaj) • • 1 

2. EurjecKa, 4>paHiiycKa h opncna nopoxa. HanHcao J. 'B. 
ABaKyMOBHh. (HaoTaeaK) 97 

3. y cnoMeu 4HMUTpHjy Marnhy. BecoAa CTojaua BouiKOBuha. 163 

4. I^re H3 BocHe. Oa MHTpono^HTa Xaau-Caae KocaHOBuha. 243 

5. HaBemTaj ynpasu CpncKora VHeHor 4pyniTBa o ncniTaH- 
CKOj u3J03r6r 188 5. Oa A' 0. MiijyTHHOBHha h M. Baa- 
TpoBHha 259 

6. npiMor 6poMaHHAy. Oa C. M. ^osaHHha 262 

7. 4pyru npuaor aare6apcKUM saaauifa Bumera CTcneua. Oa 
Ilerpa J. HCuBKOBHha 266 

8. H3B0AH H9 sanHCUHKa • 323 



nPH/IOSH 3A CMHTAKCy CPnCKOfA JE3HKA. 

I 

nAAEMCHMA BE3 IlPEAJlCrA 

OA 

Ilepe n. Sopi^oBEia, 

nPO«ECOPA. 

(cbpidetak) 

r., r e H e T N B. 

{«POAHTej>HH» ■:= ApyrH naACHt = (,npHCBOJHM») 

JeAHHM (JpojeM CBOJHX ©yHKAHJa Ham reHeTHB(*) Ao;ia3H 
y peA CBHX OHHX ^KOCHX*' naAeaca, eojh 6eAesRe oahoc 
HeBora HMena npeia rjiarojiy, npapoKy: to jeaC^a- 
Tueua cTpana Hamera reneTHBa; ApyrHM onei 6pojeM cbojhx 
3HaqeH>a Ham, Kao h sajeAHE^BH apHojeBponcsH, reHerHB ^hhe 
3ace6Hy Bpcry Me^y kochm naAemHMa, jep Kaayje — oh je- 
AHHH — OAHOC HMena npeia HMeny, xe ce h sobg 
iiaAeat ^aAHOMHnajiHH^, naAeat kojh ^ne ctojh hh y kom oa- 



(*) FeHeTHB, a ne roHUTUB aaxo, niTo je osa AaxuHCKa pe«i 
npeBOA rpiKe cxoHiKe ptosis geniky, xe oxy^a h generalis, 
jep je xo na^eHc, kojh oauatiaBa aPOA® = Bpcxy (a He «pOA" :^ no4) 
HJiH naAem, kojh ciymn, Kao mxo BejH Stein thai y CBojoj Geschicbte 
der SprachAvissenscbaft. p. 296., «zur Bezeichnung der Gattung, 
des genos;" G. H. Muller. op. cit., cxp. 41. — H MHKjomHh Bean: 
r enexHB. 

rUACHHK LXIX. 1 



/ nPH.103H ?A CIIIITAKcy CIMICKOrA JB3HKA 

Hocy npeva rjiarojiy' C) : to je zeneTUMa cxpaHa Hamera 
reieTHBa. Kao roA mro y jesHRy rpTOOi h HeiaqRoi, tero 
H y CBHia jeBiiuiMa CJiOBeHCRHi jeAan naAem, cai reHeTHB, 
OAroBapa ABeia: roHeTHBy h atfjiaTHBy ^axEHeRor h crapor 
HHAftcRor J68HRa(*). G Tora, roBope&H o caAamftei HameH 
reneTHBy, Tpe6a Hajnpe tobophth o nocraHRy h npBotfirrHHi 
SHa^eftna reHOTHBa h a6^aTHBa noce^Hi^e, na oHAa o yapo- 
i](Hiia, ROJH ynHHme a^ ce obr ABa npBo^HTHO pasjiHwa na- 
A6sa npeTone y jeAan, hjih o Toie, rrro ce OBaj Apyrn 
o6jihr, atfjiaTHB, y nameM jesHRy Hsry^Ho Rao saeetfaH naAOs. 
no poAy CTBapaiba y Apyroj, M^a^oj ftopiiaitHJH na- 
AOSHOJ Ha npBO iiecTo(') AO^asH zeneTue^ naAOs, o ujei 
ee npBotfHTHOM SHaqefty npH^n^HO ciiasy totobo cbh ^HHr- 
BHCTH. Ma A&f Ha np.y AORa^HCTH H OBaj naAOs — nopoA 
HOMHHaTHBa H JioRaTHBa — HBABajajy m poAa eBOJHX np&- 
BHX naAesa, HnaR h ohh h HOAORaAHGTH OBaRO Tyia^e SHa- 
^efte H nocTanaR crapora reneTBRa: oh Rasyje ^iunctionem 
duarum rerum vel complementum* (*) hjih ^naJTenifty nesy 
y i£^ojy AO^aae Asa q^iana (abo HieHHite) joAHe pe^OHHiie, 
a^H He OApel^yjyiiH H36^Hse na^HH Tora OAHOca h;ih Besn- 
Bafta* (•)/OTyAa onex hao h oho, Rao mxo bojih 4.m(Jpmr(*), 
OHHJbeHo xyia^eibe, no Roue je reHexHB ynpaao npHAeB, 
ROJH ce ca cBojoM HiieHHitoi He cjiase y poAy h naAe^Ry, 



(') Dr. H. HfiibschiDann, ^Zur Casuslehre*, crp. 131. 

(*) MikloBich. .Vergl. Oramin.». IV, .47. 

(•) Curtius. «Zur Chronol. d. indog. 8pr.», crp, 77. 

(^) no Miklos., IV^ 448, Sieoke, aDe genetivi in lingua 
sanscr. impr. vedica usu*, b^rolini, 1869., CTp. 10. 

(*) Hubschroann. op. cit., ?68. — Amophmkh je3HK03Haiaa 
W. Dw. Whitney, nindiecho gramniatik*. Leipzig. 1879., OBaKO Ka- 
9yje npaso aua^eibe UHAricKora reueTMBa: aOn npunaAa HMeny, xe 
ra 6juime 0Apel)yje, oaHa^tasaJyhH neniTo mro ce Ha to uue oauocb 
TaKO, Aa ce niiie KaKBoha oBor na^eHca uau ose CBeae 64BHce npe- 
nHayje», crp. 94. 

(•) «8yntact. For8ch.«. IV, 38. 



IIPH403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPIICKOrA JE3BKA •> 

H BOJH noBasyje ,,iipHnaAaB»6'^ (A. lion obi, op. cit. 24.) 
sjiH ^Bpery (genus), poA CTBapfl, y kojh AO^asH sasaB npoA- 
Her" (Mikl. lY, 450). Iloiirro je naR nacraBaR npaBora 
rcHeTHBa (y joahmhh) — 6ap BebBHOi — hcth OHaj, rojbm 
nocraje h BoiBBaTHB: BesaAannba aaieBBita sa('), to ce 
pas^BRa Bsie^y OBa ABa naAOsa bbab y tomb, bito y bo- 
iBflaTBBy Taj sacTasaR AO^asB ^^bcto aTpB6yTBBflo (kar- 
madh&raja = ABTepMBBaTBBfla CAOseBa ocBOBa), a y roBO- 
TBBy ROBCTpyRTBBBo (tatpuTuslia = saBBCBa UOSOBa 
ocBOBft)*; ApyrBi pewia: roBeTBB je TaRBa cjiosoBa ocBOBa 
OA BioBa B AeiOBCTpaTBBBe aaifeflBiiie, Boja ce, a& 6ji no- 
eraAa npiAeB, OApsa;ia 6e8 aoiBBaJiBe Mesenje, crepeo- 
THBBa, BenpoienjbHBa (*). 

TaRo noRaaaBB craps b npasB reneTBB no^eo je Bpjio 
paBO npHMaTH na ce b oyBRitBJo, a y aeRBX pe^B b o6jibr('), 
CTapora a6;iaTBBa. Osaj naR crapn naAes bjib, 6o.'be, a^ 
BamB>a a6^aTBBHa crpaBa flamera reBOTSBa oafla^asa npeAMOT, 
OA Rora ce bobito OABaja, obo, oa ^era Benrro OAJiasB 
BiiB no^asB, ^pacRpcBBiiy h^b tfaRBy.'O Hs oBora npBO- 
6BTBor 3BaqeB»a o6b^bo ce ,,B3B0Ae'' b cbo ocTa^e atfjiaTBBBe 
•yBRi^BJe, a B TO 3BaqeB>e b CBe to •ynRi^BJe TaRBe cy, a& 
ce, Rao nrro lieio bbaotb, npHMflqy b Ba MBorBM TaqRaia 
AOAnpyjy c oyBRMJaia npaBora reBOTBBa. To je onoT yapoR, 
BITO ce ^BBe ^aR b TaRBB orjiOAB, AA ce reBOTBB ocjio6oab 



(*) VnpaDO cartikelartige Pronominalstamm* , C u r t i u s, op. dt., 7 5. 

(*) Hiibsubinann, «Zur Casuslehre*, 110. reHeiHB ctojh npeiia 
■oMBBaTHBy H aKyaaTHBy Kao npaao iiB3Bo])eii>e>* hah Kao ceKyBAapno 
o6pa30Baibe ocHOBft npoMa npuMapHOM; Curtius, op. cit., 78. 

(') «War -a-sa ureprfinglich elne Masculinform, so kOnnte man 
ala Neutrum dazu naoh der pronominalischen Declination -a-(a erwarten; 
wie -a-M sich sp&ter zu -a-s, so mOsste eich -a-ta zu -a-( verkdir- 
zen. -a-t ist aber die Endung des Ablativs*. Curtius. op. cit. 
crp 77. 

(*) «Den TrennuAgs- Oder Ausgangspunkt* , Delbriick, ^Qynt, 
Forsch.* IV, 46; — HQbscbmann. «Ziir Casuslebre*^ ?28. 



1 nPll.lOail 8A ClIIITAKCy CPIICKOI a JE3MKA 

CHHKpeTB3Ma, fla Aa ce 113 pa3Ho;iHKHx caMo aeroBHX ^jhr- 
i(HJa HSBeAy b SHaqeiLa Apyre Bpcte, a6jiaTHBHa(*). Ajim ce, 
aso cmO paAB ocxaTH Ha pea;iHOM 3eMJi»HmTy, He cieMp (iam 
HH Hajio oAynieBJbaBaTH mHpoRHM renepa^iHBOBaiBeM b cMejiBM 
BOHjeRiypaHa : xemRO je, aKO ne b HeHoryLno, csa sHa^efta 
H caMora reneiBBa bsbccth h3 jeAHor, npBodHTHor, a to mil 
qaB A0Ka3aTH Aa je to jeAHO — neKa CTapa, BaJKaAanifta 
((aBBa CBBMa 3HaMeH>RMa h reHexBBa b atfjiaTiisa; Hocao 6\i 
OBaj 6ho cAVmm Tpaaeay jeAHor ^ocHOBHor" 3HaMeH»a hjih 
noJMa, mTO BHAecMo Aa ce ciaxpa Rao „3aocTaBroTHHa ohhx 
To6osie pea.iHBX ancTpaRi^HJa CTape rpaiiaTHqRe mROJie, Roja 
je CBOJ cnac TpaaiH^a y jioraqRHM RaTeropiijaiia, tb CBaROM 
rpaiiaTHMRHM nojaBy Rajiyne nanpeA OApel)BBa;ia **(*). 

Hpeia Ra3aH0Me, qyBajyLH ce rawpoKora renepajiHSO- 
Baaa, mhc^hmo a^ HeLeMO norpemBTn, aRo cap nperxoAHH 
roBop JBAHaqetty a(!;iaTMBa c rencTHBOM CBeACMO Ha one 
TpH TaqRe. Hdjiipe je noTpefiHO noRasaxH ^aRTHqny pa3H0- 
jiHROCT namera b cJiOBencRor reneTBBa ca crpaHo a>opHajiHe; 
3a THM no6pojaTB CBe ohb pa3Ho;iBRe *yHRiiHJe HioroBe, ro- 
JHMa OH OAroBapa, npBO, reneTABy h, Apyro, aCijiaTHBy CTa- 
pora je3BRa; h, najnocjie, Har;iacHTB Me^y ftHMa one, Rojo 
cy AOAHpyjy, tb b H3 ynyTapfter, cHHTaRTMqHor pa3;iora Bsa- 
3HBajy H noTDOMaafy npexanrfte obbx ABajy naAeata y jeAan. 
A noc^ie OBora Moate ce, mhc;ihmo, npHCTyoBTB pBl)aH>y ^aR- 
TBqHBX AftHamftBX ©yHRiiHja naniera reneTRBa — no cbb3h 
Roja ce Aanac MB^y H>flHa oiiaaca, a, ro^ibro je MorytiHO, b 
rjiBAajyLH na h>bxobo reneTHBHO h;ib a6jiaTBBH0 HopeR^io. 

KaA noMeAaMo na ^opiy, 3aBpniBTRe (Aa ne RaateMO 
^HacTaBRB**) cpncRora h ct. cjiob. renBTHBa y pa3HHX HMBHa, 

BHAHMO pa3H0JlHR0CT MHOrO BBLy, HO BITO (JbCMO JOJ CB Ha- 



(M Vogrinz, aJabresbericht etc.», crp. 16. — 20. 
(*) Zieraer H., aZeitschrift filr VOlkerpsych. u. Sprachwiss., v. 
Laaar. u. Steinthal, B. XIV, 2 07. 



nPIM03H 3A gHHTAKCy OPIICKOrA JE3HKA 

ASLA^y no;ia3elifl (Jhjio oa jeAHor caMO reneTHBa, ((hjio h oa re- 
HeiHBa H OA a(!MTHBa. H y HaraeM, Eao h y ApyrHM apnojeBpon- 
citHM jesHi^EiHa, HMencRH je reneTHB caMo y uhoskhbh cByAa 
npaBH reaeTHB; aok je oft, Aa^e, y abojhbh yseK jeAHaK 
c JiOKaTHBOM, y jeAHHHH je OA pasHHX ocHOBa pasjiaqaH: 
OA ocBOBft fla Ayro a (III Bpcie) renoTHB je noeiao nacTaB-/ 
ROM HeKor oco6nTor jiOKaxHBa ('), a oa ochobS Ba Kpamo 
a (I H II Bpcie) OH je nociao ciapaM a^JiaTHBHHM aa- 
CTaBKOM(*), le je npaBH reneTHBHH o(!^hk y jeAHHHH ociao 
caMO y irjieHa oa ochobS na y, na t* n na cyoacHHK (IV, 
Y H VI Bpcie) (*), y HMCHfi, A^KJie, kojhx je naJMaae Ha 
(Jpojy. /l,pyKqHJH onei oa cbhx HMeHCKHx HMaMo reneTHB 3a- 
MeHHqKe (na Aaoe h cjioatene) AeoHHaitHJe, KaKO y jeAHHHH, 
TaBo H y MHoa:HHH(^). Q cbh obh, laso pasJiH^Hi iro no- 
CTafty, — na A^KJie h no npBo6HTHOM snaqeay — reneTHBH 
Aanac nprne jeAne Hcie oynKi^lEJe: y cHnfaKTHqnoM norjieAy 
€BH cy OBH jeAan o6;ihr, rojh caHO loa^e iiMaxH pasjinqna 
snaqeftH. A to 3Ha^H a^ h OBAe, Bao mTO jeAHOM noienycHO, 
jesHR Mo»e HMaTH BHme cpeAciaBa 3a jeAan ^HA n jeAHo cpeA- 
CTBO sa BHme itHJ^ena. 

Aa ce ?OBeR yBepn e je neHoryLno cna 3Ha^eH>a, (iEJio 
caitora reneTHBa, (injio h reneiBBa h atfjiainBa, cBecTH na 
jeAHO HjiH, niTo je to hcto, HsnecTH H3 jeAHor (hjih (iam n 
H3 ABa) ^ocHOBHor*' 3Ha^eH»a — AOCTa je caMo H3pel)aTH ex. 



(*) HacTEBaK je xaj ftm, A. Leskien, nDie Dftclin. im slav.- 
m. u. Oerm.» cxp. 123. h 124.; — Miklos. Fr.. Ill B. (.WortbU- 
diingslehre"^), crp. 4. 

(*) HaJqemhH uaM ^aK^ie rcHeTHB, reeeTRB JeABHHe oa HMeHnu& 
MymK. H cpeAH>. poAa — no oCauKy HHje reneTHB, nero CTapn a64aTHB 
(nacT. — at). 

('] Osano je caMO y ct. caoBencnoM : cpncKU je jeaun noryCno 
B crape o6juKe IV h VI apcTe, to hz HdjeAnaqno c o6jHnHMa I, II ■ 
III BpcTe. 

(^) GBe OBO o nocTaH>y reHeTBBnnz o6jiHKa nanncano je no Mikl., 
IV, crp. 447., 448. h 449., h III, crp. 3. h 4. 



O nPiU03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JBSHKA 

Ilpaeu tenerue AOJiasH a^ noRaseC) • ^m npunaAafte (y pas- 
HHM BapHJai^HJaHa : HHafte, CBOJHHy hta.)^ 2., npeAMer oar. 
iMeHHitaiiay 3., a^o nese i^ejurae, OApe^eH h HeoApe^eH (spjio 
pa3HOjiHKo)y 4:., npoAveT HeraTHBHHX npejiasHHX rjiarojia, 
5., i(HA, 6.y HenpaBH npoAMei; HesHX noBpaTHHX h c QpoA- 
jioroM Ha cjioseHEX rjiarojia, na iiosa& h 7.^ lepy, 8., speiie 
H 9.y Hrpy; — a^AQTumu zeneTue AOJiaan: 10., sa oABa- 
jafte (pacTaBJba&e), 6hao ys Marojiei ((hjio ys neHa, 11., 
sacjinqHo Toie ya warojie: ^dojara ce*, ^criAeTH ce* hta., 
12., sa npeAMei rjiaroAy ^ipeda', 13., 3a npeAiei c bojhm 
ce neniTo ^nopeAH*, H., sa nopeRJio, 15., sa rpaAHBo, 16., 
sa yspoB (BHme BapHJai(HJ&), 17., sa Ha^HH, 18., sa aTpndyT 
H 19., sa BaBBoLy. BeLHia je obhx, aaHCia pasHOJiHSHx, 
SHaqefta Hac^e^ena jom hs npacrape jesHBOBHe sajeAHHi^e, 
T6 je caMO Bpjio HesfiaxaH 6poj Hspacrao na nocetfnoM oao- 
B6HCB0M seMj^HiDTy ; c Tora ce ne Moaie he roBopixH o Hesoj 
BeAflBoj sajeAHHKH, „o CBesH no CMHC^y xe^y thm pasjiflqHHM 
•yHBi(HJaMa — npexa oHOxe, mTo sHaMO h bhahmo y Hameii 
BJiacTHTOM roBopy' (*). RaKo 6hcho, na np.. Ha jeAHo nupe 
sajeAHHqBo snaqefte xor^H CBeciH reneTHBHa snaqefta : «npH- 
naAaiLe'' h nXepy' ?; BaKo jih onex adjiaTHBHa snaqefta: ^OABa* 
jaibo'' H ^BaBBoLy* ? . . . 

Ajih, h aBO He xoaiexo — 6e3 BejiHBor, qecTo cxemHor, 
Haxesa&a — oAroBopHTH Ha nocTaBJbena nHiafta; h ano ne xo- 
sexo HH sa reneTHBHa hh sa a^AaTHBHa snaqe^a npoHaLn nena 
sajeAHHqBa, „ocHOBHa*, — xoaexo yqHHHTH Hemio Apyro, 
fflTo je H HOTpedHHJe oa Tora: xoaexo t. j. oheshth HORe 
Taqse, na BOJHxa ce AOAHpyjy xeBe •ynsitHJe a6AaTHBHe c ne- 
BHX •yxBUHJaxa reneTHBHEx; xoaexo ce na Taj xaqEH 6ap 
y neBOJiflBo npExaLfl pacnpaBE nHTaiba nanpoA nocTaBibeHor: 



(») Miklos., IV. 448. h 449., 451. hta. 
(*) DelbrCick, «8ynt. Forsch.". IV. 46. 



Kaso J6 OA oBa HesaAaiDfta ABa (hah, rjieAetiH Ha pasHO^HKe 
HacraBRe h reHOTHBa h atfjiaTHBa, ^einpH h BRme) naAesa 
nocrao jeAan o6jihb? Raso ee, ApyrHM pe^sMa, a6AaTHB hs- 
rydno y reHeiBByt — Yapoiyi cy obom jeAHa^eay h npe- 
lanafty mofjir 6hth ABOjaBi : cno^HH^ •opMa^iHH, h yeyTapftH, 

GHHTaBTHqBH. OCTaBJ^ajy^H npB6 yapOKB MOpMAOrHJH HAH 

Hayiui o6jiHi(HMay Aa ce MaAO 3a6aBHHO ApyrHM, yByrap&HM 
HJiH •yHBiiiHOHaAHHH y3poi(Hiia. RaA norjieAaio h na eaiia 
npBo6iTHa, 3a caAa Haj6ojbe(') np6TnocTaBA»eHa, snaqe&a obhx 
ABajy naAesa, h HexoTHi^e nax ce naMeLe XHcao o Hesoj 
(Sjih€BOCtii HJiH cpoAHOCTH ftHXOBOJ. BosHBafte HJIH npHnaAaH>6 
(npBO SHa^efte reneTHBHo) Haeraje ohao, fab npeciaje oabo- 
J6H0CT, pacTaBjabOHOCT (npBo 3fia^efte atf^arHBHo), h o6pfiyTo: 
jeAHO je ffocjieAftH MOMeHai Apyrora, h tao HHJe 6eao Be36^ 
h6 nose ($HTH HH pasBese. Hah, 3ap HHcy chhohhxh6 pen: 
^nedecBa noxoL' h „noMoL c Hetfa'', ^hcto^hh BOiap'' 
H ^Berap c HCTOKa*(*), — npBe, npHAeBH (name 3aMeHe 
nocecHBHor renoTHBa) c ApyrnMa, a6jiaTHBHHX reHeTHBHHa 
(c npeAAoroM Cy ^Hje je 3Ha^eH>e obab 6am GenapaTHBH0-a6- 
jiaTHBHo) ? Jom ce d^Hse AOAHpyjy Apyra, cneiiHjajiHHja 3Ha- 
^efta jeAHora h Apyrora naAesa: napiHTHBRH refieTHB y3 
FJiaroAe h npHAene, hito 3Ha^e ipasfty, nesubj^ ocsyABiiy 
— BpAO je (SjiH3aB, npBo, c ohhm adjiaTHBHHM reneTHBOM^ 
mTo AOAasH y3 r^aroji xpeda, h Apyro, c ohhm, hito A0Aa3H 
yd FAarojie h npHAene cynpoTHora snaqefta: 3a nynoLy h 
o6HAe;*) — a6AaTHBflo 3Ha^efte ^pnopeoo*, .poA* h cy- 



(') Hr oho, HanpeA noKaaauo, ryu&^etbe cTapora reHOTHBa ujlia^ 
6ojbe, H>eroBor nocTa&a jom HHje 6ani Hay«iHa HCTBHa : «Um die ety- 
mologiscbe Begriindung dieser Ansicht (Aa je t. j. reneTHB — aasHCBa 
cjoHtcBa ocHOBa npuAeBCKa) steht es scblecbt, ... eine innere 
Wahrscbeiulichkeit aber Iftsst sicb dieser Vermuthiiog nicbt absprecben*, 
B. DelbrCick, «8ynt. Forscb.^ IV, 38. 

(*) O, Curtius, «Zur Cbronol.» cxp. 77. 

(^) O OBOM 6ain AOAupHBaiby u jeAHa^eiby y rp«<KOM jeauKy Beau 
4eji6pHK: «...eine Gleicbmacbung, zu der^nm so eber Veranlas* 



b nPI1/l03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOPA JE3HKA 

BHffle je (ijiHCEO reHexuBHOi ^npHnftAaH,y*(*); — a^AaTHBHO 
3HaqeH>e ^rpaAHBo", MaxepHJa, oa Boje je mTo naqHaeHO, 
AOJiasH y Hamei jesHRy ya HMenHi^e (reneTHBHa oco6HHa), 
Te ce H To(*) npHMHqe reHeiHBy; — hgm reneTHBii nenpa- 
Bora o(ijeKTa c^lh^hh cy a^AaTHBHHM leHeTHBHia aa OABajaH>e; 
— HeraTHBHH reHexHB Moae ce hsboahm h hs reHeiEBHux 
(KaA je napxHTHBHH), h bs a6jiaTHBHHX (ocoOhto KaA je er- 
SHCTefli^iija^HB) oyHKi^jS. namera reHeTHBa*a6jiaTHBa, hta. 
HTA. Cfie TO, a Mo»Aa jom BHme oa CBera : h ynoTpeCia ne- 
KHX npoA^ora (*), — y^HEH^io je Aa reneTHBHH o(5ahi(h naAO 
no lajio npHie na ce h cjiys&6y cbojhx canyxHAKa, xe xaBO 
Aa ce Kpyr obhx Apyrnx, h OBaKO Ma^ioCipoJHHX, a6;iaxHB- 
BHX, o6jiflKa cBe BHme cyasaBa, na a& ce na noc;iexEy Aol^e 
Aox^e, Aft a(iMXHB Eao BaceCiea rpaMaxHqRa Raxeropaja nm- 
qesne ca jesHROBne nosopBHi^e. — 

IIpHCxynajyLH caAa pe^afty cBflx 3Haqeii>a noce^Hiie na- 
mera Aaflamfter renexflBa, noMeHyxH Han je, npBO, a^ ce pac- 
nopeA xHx sBaqeaa pas^iHRyje oa pacnopoAa, yqHReHor roa 
HOMHBaxHBa H aRysaxHBa, i Apyro, a^ ce xaj pacnopeA He 
cjiase y CBOit he c peAOM, o6HqHO ynoxpe^ibaBaHHi (^). H 
npBO H Apyro HMa pas^iorfl, rojh npaBAajy. He roBopHMO 
3ace(iH0 o renexHBHiia y peqeHHi^aifa 6e3 noAMexa, a aace^HO 



sung gegeben ist, als gcrade Oegensfttze zu wirksamen Contrast pa- 
rallel neben einander gestcllt zu werden pflegen", (,8>nt. Forsch." 
IV, 51. 

(^) «... das Attribut fiir Personen war in einer gewissen Zeit 
ausschlieslich die Herkunft vom Vater, welche sich wieder mit der 
Eigenschaft des Vaters, Eigenthiimer der Faroilie zu scin, deckt", 
Vogrinz, sJahresb. etc*., cxp. 17. 

(') Delbruck, op. cit , 48. h 52. 

(*) Ako cy a6aaTHBHH, OHAa cy ohh caMB aobo.i>hii, Aa rene- 
TUBHU o6jhk ya h>hx npHMH y ce a6AaTHBHa anaqeiba. Vnop. Del- 
brQck, op. cit., cTp. 52. 

{*) PeA je Taj — Hajnpe a6aaTBBHe, na OHAa reneTHBHe ♦yuK- 
nnje — MuKaomiiheB, na ra ce Apncn h Mirko Divkovid, »Sin- 
taksa za dkolu*. Zagreb, 1881.. 42. — 51. 



nPH403H 3A CMHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA \l 

renex. y peqeHHuaiia c noAMeioM — aaxo, raxo npBH ne 
^HHe HeKjr aacetfey, oa ApyrHx pasjiHqHy, xpyny 3Ha»ien>a, 
Eao fflxo je xo (in^o koa HOMHHaxHsa h asydaxHBa: yno- 
xperia namera reHexHBa y pe^eHHiJiaMa jeAHoqjiaHHM, na 6mo 

^HHeHH^EHM'', 6uAi) rJiarOJlCKO-IlM0HCBH]il''9 0J1H 06 He pa34H- 

Byje HH Majio, hjih ce paa^iHKyje sp^o Majio oa ynoxpeCie 
HeBHx renexflBa y pe^eHHitaMa ABoq;iaHHM, xe te jd ilhx 
6bxh h cnoMcflyxa. A ne MorocMo HaiHHHXH abo Be;iHKe rpyiie 
reHexHBHHx *yHK^nja hh no ABOCxpyKOM hm nopeK^y, rene- 
XHBHOM H a6jiaxHBH0M, — flOFJiaBHxo 3axo, mxo 6hcmo Ha 
BHme Mecxft jeAHy Hcxy ynoxpe(iy noMHH»ajiH no ABa nyx : naj- 
npe y rpynn reHex^BHOj, na oHAa y a(JjiaxHBHOj ; " HearoAHa 
je OBa noAeJia Ha ABa pcAa reHexHBHHX h a(5j!axHBHHx rene- 
xHBa — H saxo, mxo ce He nose 6am o CBaKoj 4>yHEi(HJH no- 
3BXHBH0 ycxBpAHXH A^ j© OBox h;ih ohop HopeK^ia. Hajnooae, 
aKO 6h ce obhx pe^&eH xxe^ia H3BecxH jom xa^HHJa, hcxo- 
pScBa AOMGAHOCx, OHAa 6n xpedajio HMaxH ynpano xpH poAa: 
a.) renexHBe y3 nMena, 6.) renexABe ya rjiarojie h b.) re- 
HexHBe adjiaxHBHe. 3axo, xoxeLa a^ H3HeceHo caMO npany 
Aanamfty yH0xpe6y namnx renexHBHHX o6jiEKti^ mhcjIhho 
AA HeLoHO norpemHXH, aso oa MHBJiomHLeBor pel^a^a 6y- 
AOMo OACxynHJiH y xo;ihko, mxo LeMO, h ne qesajyliH a^ ce 
Hspe^jy CBH Cjiy^aJH npaBHX renexHBa, ys Hese oa h>hx oa- 
xax AOA^BaxH h oho oa a6AaxHBHHX, bojh cy hm najCijiHiRH, 
h KOJH y AftBamfteM je3HKy lane c ftHMa nepasjiywy sajeA- 
HHKy, H xaKo, nper^ieAaBmH cbo leHexHBHe, npeLn na ocxa- 
xas a^JiaxHBHHX ^yHBAHJa. OBaKHH pe^ftOM ^nLe AOtiBBeno 
H 3roAHO Mecxo KaRO 3a ^napxHXHBHH'* (soJH AO^asH H ys 
Biena h y3 r;iaro;ie), xaRo h 3a ^HeraxHBHH^ (soJH ce xy- 
Ma^H H Bao ^HajiaH>H a^o^, Aas^e renexHSHO, h nao ^ho- 
Maae*, ^^HraaBaibe^ neqera, AaKjie a6;iaxHBHo) renexHB. — 
H Ha noc^iexBy, nesaBHCHO oa CBera OBor, AOAajio Aa je 
noxpe(^HO, Ko^iHRO ce HOjse, boahxh paqyn h o Hnoxean sek 



b nPM/103H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3MKA 

BHme je (5jihceo reHexHBHOM ^npHnftAaH>y*(*); — a(JjiaTHBHO 
3Haqeibe ^rpaAHBo", MaxepHJa, oa Boje je mTO naqHBeHo, 
AOJiasH y HameM jedHBy ya HMenHite (reHexHBHa oco6HHa), 
Te ce H To(*) npHMH^e reHeiHBy; — neM reneTHBii nenpa- 
Bora o(JjeKTa mh^hh cy atfAaiHBHHM renexHBHMa aa OABajaite; 
— HeraiHBHH reneTHB Mo»e ce hsboahm h hs reHexHBHHX 
(KaA je napxHXHBHH), h as atfjiaxHBHHx (ocoOhxo KaA je er- 
SHCieHiiHJajiHH) oyHfii^HJa namera renexHBa-adjiaxHBa, hxa. 
HXA. Cfle xo, a Mo»Aa jom BHme oa cBera : h ynoxpetfa ne- 
KHX npeA^ora (*), — jmnnnLAo je Aa renexHBHH o(5JlH^H na^io 
no Majio npHMe na ce h cjiys&6y cbojbx canyxHHKa, xe xaKo 
Aa ce Bpyr obhx ApyrHX, h obeko Ma^o(ipoJBHX, atf^axHB- 
HHX, o(ijiHKa cse Bnme cyasaBa, na Aa ce na nooaexRy Aol^e 
Aoxjie, Aa a(i;LaxHB Eao 3ace(iHa rpaMaxH^sa Raxeropaja hib- 
qesHe ca jeaHsoBBe nosopBHiie. — 

IIpHCxynajyliH caAa pe^aH>y cbbx snaqeiBa noce6Bi(e sa- 
mera Aasam^er reflexHBa, noMeayxH saH je, npBO, Aa ce pac- 
nopeA XHX 3flaqeH>a pad^LHsyje oa pacnopeAa, yqHH^eaor eoa 
HOMHBaxHBa H asysaxHBa, h Apyro, Aa ce xaj pacnopeA Be 
c^aace y CBei^ bh c peAOH, o^h^bo ynoxpe6ibaBaflHM(^). H 
npBO H Apyro HMa pas^orfl, bojh npaBAajy. He roBopHMO 
Bace^Bo resexHBBMa y pe^esBi^aia 6ez noAMexa, a 3ace(}B0 



sung gegeben ist, als gorade Oegens&tze zu wirksamen Contract pa- 
rallel neben einander gestellt zu werden pflegen**, a8>nt. Forsch." 
IV, 51. 

(^) K. . . das Attribut fur Personen war in einer gewissen Zeit 
ausschlieslich die Herkunft vom Vater, welche sich wieder mit der 
Eigenschaft des Vaters, EigenthOmer der Faroilie zu sein, deckf^, 
Vogrinz, ^Jahresb. etc"., cxp. 17. 

(') Delbriick, op. cit . 48. r 52. 

(*) Ako cy adaaxHBUH, OHAa cy ohh caMH aobo.i>bb, Aa reae- 
TBBBB o6jhk ya H>HX npHMH y ce a6jiaTBBBa 3BaHeH>a. Vnop. Del- 
brQck, op. cit., cxp. 52. 

(*) PeA je Taj — Bajnpe aCaarBBHe, na oa^a reaeTUBBe 4»yBK- 
UHje — MufuouiBheB, na ra ce ap>kb h Mirko Divkovid, i,8in- 
taksa za dkolu*. Zagreb. 1881., 42.-51. 



nPUwlOail 3A CHHTAKC.V CPnCKOFA JE3HKA U 

reHei. y pe^enimaMa c noAMeioM — aaio, ihtg npBH ne 
MHHe HeKy 3ace(iHy, oa ApyrHX pa3;iHqHy, rpyny SHa^eaft, 
Kao niTO je to 6iiA0 koa HOMHEaTHsa h aRyaainBa: ynp- 
Tperta Hamera reHexKBa y peqeHHitaMa jeAHoq;iaHHM, na 6mo 
^HMeHH^KHM", 6uAo TJiaro^cKO-HMeHCKHitt*, HJiH ce HC pa34H- 
Byje HH Majio, hjih ce pasAHKyje sp^io Ma^io oa ynoxpetfe 
HOKHX reHexflBa y pe^eHHitaMa ABoqjiaHHM, le te ya anx 
6hth h cnoMeflyxa. A ne MorocMO HaqnHHTH ABe Be;iHKe rpyiie 
reHeiBBHHx ^yHKaHJa he no ABOCipyKOM hm nopeKJiy, rene- 

THBHOM fl a6jiaTHBH0M, — flOFjiaBHTO 3aT0, fflTO (JhCMO Ha 

BHine MecTft jeAny Hciy ynoxpetfy noMHifcajiH no Asa nyx: naj- 
npe y rpynn reneTflBHOJ, na oKAa y a(JjiaTHBHoj ; ' nesroAHa 
je OBa noAOJia Ha Asa poAa renexHBHHX h atf^axHBHHx rene- 
THBa — H 3aTo, mxo ce ne Mose (iam o CBasoj 4>yHBi(HJH no- 
3HTHBH0 ycTBpAHTH Aa JG OBor H;in oHor nopeKM. Hajnooae, 
HBO 6h ce OBHX pel^a&ei XTe;ia E3BecTH jom xa^HEJa, ecto- 
pHcsa AOCJiOAHOCT, OHAa 6u xpedajio EiaxE ynpaBo xpE peAa: 
a.) reBexEBe y3 nieBa, 6.) reEexEBe y3 rjiarojie e b.) re- 
HOTEBe atfjiaxEBfle. Saxo, xoxeLa Aa ESseceMo caMO npaBy 
A as a m lb y ynoxpe6y HamEX reHexEBHEX o(i;iEBa, mecjieho 
Aa HeLeHO norpeniEXE, aso oa MER^omElieBor pel^aH>a 6y- 
AOMO OA(rrynEJiE y xo;ieko, mxo Lomo, e Be qoKajytiH Aa ce 
B3pe^jy CBE c^yqaJE npaBEX reBexEBa, y3 BOKe oa aex oa- 
xax AOAaBaxE fl ose oa a^MXEBBEX, bojh cy eh Baj6jiEmE, 
E BOJE y AaBaniH>ex jesEKy qEse c ftEMa sepasjiyqay sajeA- 
HHAy, E xaKo, nper^eAaBBiE cbo reBexHBEe^ npetiE Ba ocxa- 
xas a^jiaxEBBEX ^ysKi^EJa. OBaEEX pei^aftOM dflLe AOtiEBeBO 
B sroABO Mecxo Kaso 3a ^napxHiEBBH* (boje AOJiasE e ys 
Bxesa E ys xAaro^e), xaso e sa ^BeraxEBBE^ (soJE ce xy- 
Mau H Bao ^flajxaftE a^o^, Aas^ie reBexEBBO, e Rao ^bo* 
iaH»e**, ^JiEBiaBaibe^ Be^era, Aa^Ae atf^axEBBo) reaexEB. — 
H fla noc^exRy^ BesaBECBo oa CBera oBor, AOAajxo Aa je 
noxpe(^BO, R04HR0 ce HOjse, boaexe pa^yB e o EnoxesE Bek 



10 nPH40ail 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JB3lfKA 

HarjiamaBafioj : a^ ua^H naAOSH nacjiel^yjy h At^Jbe AMepen- 
Kyjy fiesa sHaqofta erapHJHX hh APyrosa, a^ cy A^KJie (Sap 
H6RH reneTHBi^atfjiaTHBH saiieHHKH hobex ciapHx axyaaTHBa. 
A TaBBOy 4iiiLA0 npaBo o(^'6etebho, (^hjh) Bffme BonoAajiHo, 
SHa^eite crapora aByaaTHsa sao Aft je nacjieAMo HajcrapHJH, 
H Ha peAy: 

1. reneTHB aa npHnaAaae (npHCBOJHH mam 
noeeeMBHH), 

AoB €6 roTOBo y QBBMa apHojeBp. jesHitflMa reneTHB pe- 
AOBHO ynoTpetfjutBa, Aa noBase jiHite hah CTBap, ^Hjo je 
m T 0, y HameM je jesHBy OBa HajerapHJa ynoTpe6a H»eroBa Bp^o 
orpaHH^ena : renerHB jeAHora HHena pexBo c&m sasyje npH- 
HaAa&e, CBOJHHy, HMafte He^era. A nosHaiH AaBai: Aft J6 
Ham HesaAaftH noeecHBHH reHexHB noTHCHyr totobo ca cbhx 

My nOBHIlHJa H3B6AeHHH npHABBOM npHCBOJHHM — 6aHi Bao 

Aa Hajtfo&e AOBasyje noeecHBHy ^yHBitHJy h aAJCBTHBHy boh- 
CTpyBi(Hjy npacrapora npaBora renerHBa. EaA 8aTp66a Aft 
€TOJH y reHBTHBy eano jeAHa HMeHHita, Aft HOBase qas»aAe 
HJiH npoAieT, BOMe Hemio npHnaAa, oHAa ce o6imBo oa t6 

BMeHHAe H3B0AH npHABB, H TO HaCTaBI](HHa I Otfft, Um, JZ^ hHh, 

uj%, hCK%, bH», oyj», H cjiomeflHH : j-e««, oeCeeJ-ujZj un-uj^, 
06'hCKh^ UH^hCKz u oifj-hCfn, OcTaBAajy^H Te npHAOBO Ha 
erpaHy, Aft bhahmo y bojhh ce oay^aJHMa ynoTpe6ji»aBa re- 
HeiHB 3a npHuaAftfte. To Mose 6hth: 

ft.) Ka4 je y zeneTuey UMenuua u iheu arpuCyx (npH- 
AeB, HHeHHAa hjih saMenHita); laAa oh noBasyje: 

a.) CBoJHHy HJIH HMBfte: ^^Hje je hito* ; Apyrnn 
pema, y reneTHBy eroje HMena, Boja HMenyjy oHora, bojh 
HMa npeAiei, HCBa3aH rjiaBHOM pe^jy: ^BnHorpaA je ^y- 
TH^e BoFAana*, „AHBaAa je Jiene Mape*, „to HHcy 
HOBHH Tora TproBita'', »obo je naniera Mene*, ^CBera 



nPU403H 3A CMHTAKCy CPnCKOTA JB8HIU 11 

€6Jia oBiie, a bh6;b6bo sBOHi^e'' (A^h., 11., Boms., 6., 
Hob as., 36.) h t. a-; 

fi.) y refleTHBj CToje pen, Boje HMeHyjy ^e^baA, sojoj je 
poA (9CB0J6'') OHO, mTo BHau rjiaBHa pe^: j^Mho (SpaTaK 
BOJBOAe MEJioma^'y^aA' deeoAH jie^n-e Mapeiajsa'', Ja 
can sLepiia i^apa ^ecTHTora, a cecrpBiia name ($ocaH- 
CBora'', ^BopHa j»y6a 3Maja OrfteHora', jpCecrpa Aese 
saneTana'', ^AHBHa lopa ahbhh CHne'' (A&h.. 20.); 

/.) peqH y reHOTHBy HMeHyjy i^eARHy, Bojoj sac Aeo 
(aiiH caMOcrajiaH) npHnaAft oho, hito ee HveHyje rjiaBHoi 
pe^'y: «0bo j' pyna nam era A^^JftHa'', ,3a Ra^aBOH 
Hoja THka BpHAo'', „HHje CBaso THiie jeAHaso xeco'', 
^eBO 6paAe AysAft oa MjieiaBa'', ^yse rjiaBy cBe- 
Tora .laaapa'', ^BeLe naiex ceje HBanoBe*, „Ha aa- 
BJionuy OBora BOB^era'', „o BpaTHia rpaA& ByqB- 
Tpna"", „RpyHe cpncKe th AP^ro Kaxefte'' (AaHH^HL, 
12. H 13); — y obox <i/iyqajy Mo^se no nesaA h jeAan caMo 
reneTHB (((es aipHdyia) HxeHOBaiH AejiHHy, BojoJ npnnaAa 
Kao Aeo (MecTa h Bpexena) oho, hito anaqH ^r^aBHO* hhc: 
OBBX ce naB nocecHBHH reHOTHB npHXH^e HapTHTHBHOx ; xaBo 
je: ^HCTO^HH Bpaj A&*^^&i(HJe'', „Ha jihj6Bom ((pery 
ApHHe y GeMdepHJH'', „c one CTpane BOAe GaBe"", „BHJia 
jieiH no Bpxy njianHne'', ^Boje ae je AO((a h L h ', „ Apyrn 
Aan CBaA(!e'' (Aannq., 13. h 15.); — h peq HMe nose 
npHnaAaiH Bao a^o reneTHBy c aipHtfyTox: ^xose tffliH aa 
je Hve BaBBora TypqHHa', ,a Aecna noA HMeHOM Bjia- 
niH&a H Q^epa hao b .^lemnHiiH'' (oBAe ne snaqH npina- 
Aafte), BAH H oBa peq, Hxe, Bao h peq xecio o6HqH0 ry6e 
CBojy cyneraHitHJajiHOCT, Te nocTajy npeAJiosH, 6hjio cbmh, 
6uo y ApymTBy c npeAJiosHHa y n na: ^Aomao y Hxe 
tfpaia*, ,y Hxe 6ora**, ^y. Hie CBHJy J^a^Hja*^, — 
„iie<rro hjih hb iiecTO xene'', ^na xecio ftera** (A&hh- 
qxL, crp. 15. h 16.); 



12 nPH.103H 3A ClIIITAKCy CPilCKOI'A JE31IKA 

6.) EaA je y zeneTuey cqmo umb 6e3 aTpu6yTa Mo;tee 
3HaqHTH upuaa4afbe y OBa rpn cjiyqaja:- 

a) reneinB o^pe^eHor iipiiAOBa caA co6oii flue- 
Hyje OHora, MBJejernxo: „Aji' Aparora ABopa oiBopeHH* 
(4,aHHq., 11.), „Mo;iHTBa npaBeAHora Mnore Moate no- 
Motfl'^ (Divk., 44.); c obhm cy TipH;\eBHBia jeAHaKH h ohh, 
niTO AO^aae Kao iipeanMena, re C3 CMaipajy Kao iiMeHHi^e 
BjacTHxe: „0a xpa6pefle Kpynoc/iaBe, KopeBCKora Bje- 
peHK^e" (A^h., 49.); TaKBH 6n reneinBH Cjaaim MymHl- 
CKora, BocTOKOBa, Ao^poBCKora, 3pnH>cKor hta.; 

/J) reHGTHB OHHX HMenHi(a, Koje sHa^e npe- 
3HMe: aaio, raio je oh o6hmho y MHomHHM cMaxpa ce Kao 
npHCBOJHH npHAeB: ^IIpeA H»y mele AiJiarHtia sjiaxo*', 
„BC3aK Besjia Ay(ioBHta ^aie", (Mikl., IV, 470.), 
„Cmpt MaJKe JyroBHta", „koa OcTojnLa BHnorpaAa** 
(Divk,, 44.), „Kyjia "BypHmula h qapAaK AjiOKCHLa** 
(HoBaR., 37.), na ^aK h reneTHB y jeAHnnn: „nHTa H»era 
Ay6a PaAOJHite** (AaHHq., 20.), „BepHa cjiyra TaBaHa* 
(Divk., 44.), TAB HO SHa^H npesHMe nero hmo, a^in je obo 
Bpjio pexKO H caMO y nap. iiecMaMa — jaMa^ao 36or cxMxa. 

y) KaAJereHexHBOABHmo HMeHH^4 ((Je3 axpn- 
6yxa), KoJHia nernxo 3ajeAniiqKH npanaAa: „ji>y6aB 6oraH 
oil a*', „KpBHHUHMa oil a ii Maxepe" (Ho Ban., 37.); 

B.) fca4 je y zenermy umb {o6)\m\o c axpfl6yxoi), KOJe 
($H ce noTAo ciaxpaxH Rao aozuhhu uo^MCTy Moaie aHaqaxu 
Aa fteMy npiinaAa oho (^rjiaBHa** peq), qeiy ce AOAaje; a 
xo, qeiy cc aoa^J^ renexHB, o((h^ho je HMeHBiia, Koja SHa^H 
HORy paAH>y H4H cxaH>e: j^OpaAe EpajbeBHLa MapRa^, 
;,0A 6ecjeAe Apnayx OcMana**, „iio aanoBHJecxH 6ora, 
cnaca namera*', ,,BejiBKe rocnoA^ lo^da no roxony 
sanoBHJecx*, „xeniRe lyRe cnna Mora*, „y necxaAaR JbyAft 
H CxaHHnia cyAH*, „y noqexRy nrpe*, „Ha cnpmexRy no- 
cAa yqHHHXH raxexy*, ,ao nponacxH iiapcxBa h rocnoA- 



nPH.103ll 3A CmiTAKCy CPnCKOPA JE4HKA 13 

CTBa cpncKora** (AaHHqHh 18 h 19.), »^iyje ce rpM- 
AEBa iiyraaKax hh3 no.i>e*', ^oH^e ke 6hth uAm h mKpryT 
3y6a" (Mikl., IV, 470.), r„Aen je.3ope ociejaB, ^enje 
Aana orpejaK** (Bp. PaAHieBHL); 

r,) UMena y zeneTuay suaue apuiia^a'thi^ h OH^a, Ka^ 
HiBHyjy Hocuoua Kanoe ocoSukej tab^buohl pe^jy KaaaHe; laKo 
HMaMo: „HeBJepaAy6e rpyJH^HHe**, „y upooTo:H cpi^a 
CBOJera*, „no3flaBmH (uaAocx Cj!0(Joa6*, ^sa SApaBjbe 
cBHJex Hac", ;,TBp^a Cp(jHHa y Bjepn**, „ho Morox C3 
npmiaBHyTH oa BHCHHe BHie je^/ie, oa 6p3HHe ayCiep- 
BO AB, OA Aeiioie MJiaAe MOMe*, ,BeK no npaBAH (iora hcth- 
Hora*", „TeK nrro oea oceTH ci^iy BaTpe* (/l^aHH^Hli, 

CTp. 17.)(') HTA. 

Han one Ha. Rao mio ce Moa^e nahn no koJh npuMep, 

H y HapOAHOM H y KH>H9ReBH0M JBSHKy, OA jeAHOF caHO HMoka 

3a nocecHBny ynoipetfy namira reneTHBa (Kao niTo je na np. 
OHO npoBHBUHJiUHO : ^c 6jeAB, ABopa 966 npo3opa", „7he ro- 
cnoAap Aparu*, ^^e ce Jtenoxa pasrviacH^ia no cnnjeiy*, A^-h., 
39., HJiH OHO H3 KftH^eBHor jesHKa: JacaMx^e6 jKHBOTa**, 
„ao MHCJiH, Tyane cpqa Tajne", „He AaJT6 ce onet y japan 
poncTBa yxBaiHTH**, A*h., 14.){*), — xaao ce jom nenAe 
npaBHjiHH H yaiecHH uocec;:BHH reneinBH 3aMeH>yjy upnAeBOM 
HJiH aaxcHHUoM npncBOJHOH. Obomo je jspoK BeJiHfta BJiaAa 
MHorHX npHCBoJHHX npHA^Ba, ttoJH AOJiase ne caio y npHMe- 



(*] He 3iiaM0 Aa au ouAe u.iu no4 a.) 4a cTaeuMO npuMepe: 
4ido6por je BHua h KHceanua Ao6pa', a3ApaB,f>e je iiajeeho Ca&to 
OBora cDHjexa" (Mikl.. 470.). 

(*) Paaaor co obom OACxynaifcy oa npasHaa Tpamo y tom, rnxo 
ce OA ueKHX HMeHHiia He MOHce HauiiHUTH npHCBOjiiu npHACB : aTpH6y- 
TUBHH A04aTaK nocecuBuoM reueruBy Mome no HeKa4 aaMeuHTH iieja 
AOA&Ha peneuima, no^exa aaMeuHUOM kojh: cpeH» uito nyjexe. HHje 
Moja Hero oi^a. kojh Me nocia", Bouik., 10., — «jep cxe bh 

CDH CHHOBH B H A j e wt a U CHHOBU Aaua», dHMJeCMO HHTH HOhH HHTU 

TaMe», Divk., 44.; — uena je OBAe noMeHyT. h OHaj cay^iaj, KaA 
ce reneTHB, yApyjKen c KOMHxaxHBHHM HOMHHaxHBOM, ynoxpe6-i>aBa 3a 
npunaAaibe: «6pax KanexaH-name m3 3BopHHKa», oAa a' je ny.ia 
caaBHor KHea-Jas apa**, Aauirquh, 47. 



16 



nPU^03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPOCKOrA JE3HKA 



Roje 6eji6SH rpaAHBo. u^e o6vmno h kekeb aTpn^jT; a h 
OBaj ce, Kao h reneTiiB npHCBoJHH, Mo^e 6e8 bojihsb npo- 
iCHe y SHa^eay, ocoCiHTO kea je ynoipeda qecra, npeiBopHTH 
ynpHABB (sa rpaAHBo):- ^OHcepna rpaHa'', „cBHJieHa 
MapaMa", j^rBosAena no^yra*' hta. 

4. TeneTHB 3a npeAHer (oOjeicaT). 

Ilocjie OBora spaTSor CBpiaiba y o6;iacT a6;iaTHBfly spa- 
THMO ce Apyroj Haj6jiHaioj oyHKitHJM upaeoza zeneruea. 
IIoKaayjyiiM ^Beay HeoApe^eHora oAHOca**, nocecHBHH reHeiHB 
jiaRo DpejiasH y o6jeBTHBHH (cih^ho RoiOAajiHOM aBysa- 
THBy caMociajiHOM y sebhchh), le pen y aeMy noKasyje a^ 
oHOxe, niTO ohr HHenyje, Rao npnnaAa paAH>a» HCRa3aHa rjia- 
roJicROM HMeHHqoM. OBe HMeHHAe, oa r^iarojia HSBeAene, ro- 
TOBO cy y CBeH jeAHaRe c HeRaAamH>HM HHeHCRBM o6avlkojil 
rJiarojiCRHM — bh^hhhthbom. C xora je y3 le rjiar. HMeHHije 
y CT. mob. jesHRy Morao ciajaiH h aRysaiHB („no i'I^hiathh 
MH oTi corA I6AHKVH xoip^^'j Mlkl., lY, 376.). na 
Rao mTO Ha oBaj HaiHH reneTHB, SBa^elH npaBH o6jeRaT 
r^aro^CROj paAftH, aaciyna aRyaaiBB, laRO MO»e oh AO^a- 
3HTH H MCCTO Rora Apyror naAeata, a;iH Rao Aa h obao naA- 
BJia^yje oynRiiHJa nocecHBHa alyHR^Hjy nenpaBora oiJjeRxa. 
TaRO A^K^e HHaHo: 

a.) FeueTue ya zAazoACKy vMenuuy mccto anyaaTuea 
ya zAazoJi: „3HAaH»e PaBaHHite", „y^efte uHcMa-*, „no 
pastfHLy TypaRa*, „6e3 npoAena RpBH oa Cp6HHa", „Ha 
npocHA({M ^Hjene ^eB0JRe% «yAaja cecxpe Aynia- 
HOBe*, ,6e8 HHTafta Aapa h sesHpa", „He 6EASi Bac Ba- 
raer (Jpaxa aRe^a", ,a 3a Ay(5aB Aape cecxpe cBoje**, 
»6e3MJepH0 HHle BHna h paRHJe", (AaHHiaL, 49. h 50.) 
H T. A.; — c OBHM je npaBHM renexHBOM H3JeAHa^eH Bpjio 
HoyqAHB, HcxHHa peAaR, c^yiaj: 



nPH403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPFICKOrA JE3HKA H 

6.) FeneTue ya UMenuuy MecTO zeneTitea (aCjiaTue- 
not) ya zaozoa: ^Cse y cipaxy (5ora BejiEKora*", „CBe 
OA crpaxa Ma^or PaAojH^e'' (AanHq., 51.); TaKo je 
H oho: nj Hrpaay npcieHa* (ibid.), na laKO h: 

B.) FeneTue ya UMeuuuy mccto ^amea ya zAazoA: 
Bpjio peTKO, Kao H OBO HanpeA; xaKO iMaio: „H y i^pny 
3eMAy noMeAame ja oa ^yAa JiHjene ^eBoJKe**, ^sa hha 
BJeiHora KHBOTa** (rJiarojH cy : ^ qyAHTH ce, HaAaiH ce 
qeMy", A^H., 51); h HajnoMe: 

r.) Fenetue ya UMeuut^y mccto UHCTpyMeuTUAa ya 
2MLZ0A : TaKo^e Bpjio pexRo : „rocnoAap Hoj ysHMa oa uene 
ynpaBAaae Kyle*', „c AoroBopoM KyLana npoAaje (cra- 
peniHHa) mio je 3a npoAajy" („yupaBJLaTH ^hm*", ^AoroBa- 
paiH ce c BHM'^); ajiH moMe h ya HMeHHi^y AotiH HHCxpyieH- 
xaji: 93a BjiaAaaa EHpHHOBa Ghphjoh'' (A^h., 51.). 

Aa je OBaj o(ijeRT£BHH reHeTHB ^JiHsas nocecHBHOH, 
BHAH ce H no TOM, niTo ce n oh Moae saMeHHiH nocecHB- 
HHMnpHAeBOM: „6e3 nniafta cyAxaHOBa* (m. cyjixana), 
^OABe^HKa cxpaxa HHJaxoBa** (m. oa Mnjaxa), „c;iyat6a 
(ioaja** (m. dory), „oa ReroBa cxpaxa BeJiHKora* (Aa- 
HHqHL, 53.). 

HanoMena. Obac je, mhc;ihmo, HajaroAHflje naBecxu 
OHy aHopiia;iHy h Aocxa pexKy nojany y HameM jesHKy: a^ 
no HeBaA h ys rAaro^e (npe^aane) Moae aoIih reneTHB le- 
cxo aEy3axHBa — 3a oCijeKax. Be^HKa ynoxpe(Ja h npaBor 
H a(JjiaxHBHor reHexHBa H3a3Ba;ia je OBy nojany, Kojoj Eao 
Aa Ha npBH uor^eA neMa pa3Aora. Koahko je na obom Me- 
cxy noMepen aKy3axHB h saMeaen renexHBOM jom y ex. caob. 
je3HKy — Moate ce bhagxh y MHOoniflLeBoj CHHxaitcH, cxp. 
495., OAaKAO AOsnajeMO Aa xaMO xeK noqnfte oho, koa nac 
Bet AOBpmeHO, npaBHAO, Aa ce, x. j., y ex. caob. je3HEy 
npaBH aKysaxHB jeAHHne HajqemLe aaieftyje reHexHBOM y 
HieHHitft MyniK. poAa, h xo HaJBHnie ohhx, mxo HMe- 
Hyjy nemxo atHBO, pe^e ocxa^HX m. poAa, jom pe^e cpeA- 

r44CHUK LXIX. 2 



18 npnaoau 3a CHHTAKcy cpncKorA jeshka 

poAa, a Hajpe^e oa npHAOBft h 3aM6HHK&. Eo;lhro je oboj 
aaneHH noMorjia 6^hckoct napxHTHBHor roHeTflBa, to^lhro je 
oHa jom BHme HsasBaTa c BeJiHKHM phsbhtkom aBysaTHBHHX 
ojHBiiHJa HacTajioM noTpe($OM, Aa ce anysaTHB h o6jihroh pa3- 
jiHByje OA HOMHHaTHBa. To je yapoK, mio ce aKyaaTHB h3- 
jeAHa^HO no o($AHBy y EameH jesHRy ca cbhm c reneTflBOM 
6Bja y HHeHHi^& lyniR. poAa, ^sj je CTapi o($;ibr aRy3aTHBHH 
jeAHaR c HOMHHaTUBHHM : HMeHHi^e a^ei. poAa Biajy aRy3aTHB 
jeABHHe BeLHEOM ApyK^HJB OA BOMBHaTHBa, a HMeEHi^e cpeA- 
ftera poAa pexRO (hjih 6ap MHoro pe^e aero MymRora) HMajy 
noTpedy, Aa pa3j!HKyjy naAeat 3a odjeRax (aRy3aTHB) oa na- 
Aeaa 3a cyCijeRaT (aoMBHaiBB). A nrro je (Jam refleiBB ao- 
raao Aa 3aMeHH Bek nejaRH aRy3aTHB — jom je jeAaa pa3- 
jior BHme, Aa BepyjeMo y nocxaBibeHy HnoTe3y upbo6hthoj 
6J1H3HHH H cpoAHOCTtf HajciapHJera Rocor naAesa ca CBHMa 
iiOTOBHM M^a^HM: reHexHB napTHTHBHH, HenpaBora otfjeRia, 
na H iiocecHBHH ^^lb^ih je aRysaTHBy, nero brojh Apyrn roch 
naAea. Aae h to, bito je 6h;io noxpeiJBO Aa ce H3BpmH ca 
crapHM aRysaTHBOM MyniR. poAa (m. ct. c;iOBeHCRor : „f OAin 
ciiHi'' Aa (JyAe y cpncRom: ^poAwfee CHna") HHJe 6e3 no- 
Tpe6e H8a3HBa;io Aa^e anoiaMje, le cy h Bpjio peiRH c;iy- 
qaJH, TAe 6h h aRysaxHBH oa HMeHHita cpeAfter h ateacRor 
poAa (cByAa ce pa3yMe jeAHHHa) 6hjih 3aMefteBH renexH- 
BHMa(*). Th pexRH cjiy^aJH, rojh ce y RH>H»eBHOM je3HRy 
CMaxpajy Rao nenpaBBJiBH, y Bap. necMana cy obh: 

a.) FeueTm je^Huue mccto anysaTuea 04 UMeuuud 
Mymn. po4a, noje ne UMenyjy iuto otctieo : „KaRO je cyHue 
nocjiajio Aa naxa Meceiia" (Hap. IIpHn., cxp. 71.), „ynHxaj 
Hajnpnl^e AeniBBRa na opaxa** (ibid. 117.), — „BHJe 
Be^a ca ^exHpH cxpane", „rpaAa 3B^y", „oh y3HMa Ma^a 
3e./ieBo ra*', „h noMecxH ABopa 6HJe;iora", „RaKHxe 
MB ApyMa capajeBCRa" (Mikl., IV, 497.) h x. a ; 



C) li CTapH aKysaTHB MHOHCiiue rpehe Jii^He 3aMeHuue aaMeibeu 
je reHCTHBOM mh. — jaMa^HO aaro, ujto je c H>eHHM o6jhkom (11= je, 
H>e nocTao HcxoBexaH aKyaaxnB jeAHnne, kojh je, Kao mro suaMO, ra- 
Kol)e 3aMeH>eH reueTiieoM [j»/; j^ (leil) = jf? (it): iix]. 



nPU403ll 8A CHHTAKCr CPnCKOPA JE3HKA 1 9 

6.) Oa uMenuud cpeAmeza po4a: „BH^ex ^yAa upHJe 
HeBHl^eHa*' (obao je hoslasl reHeTHB 36or cane pe^a ^1/40), 
^noAE yjua, npeatapKora cynua" (Mikl., IV, 497), 
,^yBaj, iiape, TH rocnoACTBa TBora** (') (BomK., 28.); 

B.) O4 uMeuuud oiceucKoza poAa : „BHqe MapKO Jby(Je 
An^e^iKje**, „M;iaA ch jynaK, Hsry^Hkeni r^aBe", „Aaj, \^' 
BOJKO, pyce r;iaBe TBoje", ^ieto th boahie Jty^jteHe 
^eBoJEe** (Mikl., 497.), „KamHTe mh cxasHiie ao xe 
<5BeTe BOAHite** (BomK., 28.); 

r.) Oa UMeutrnd u upu^eed y muomuuu : ^Te noBaia 
CBHjex y nMHHHH** (Mikl., ibid.), j,na Bac nome c Koaei 
nperasHTH h rpAHHJex l^eito ocxaBHTH" (Aannq., 131.). 

5., TeHeTHB aa ji^eo (napTHTHBHH). 

HoKaayjyliH a^o (caMO ne caiiocTa./iHH) neKo iie^HHe, 
oBaj 6h reneTHB MomAa Tpe(}a;io a^ AO^e OAMax noMe no- 
<3ecHBnor, jep je oahoc jcAHora A^Jia npeiia iie^ioj ciBapa 
Haj(}jiH»H H HajiMMqHHJH c OAHOCOM JGAHora q^iana h3 peAa 
CTBipH npena ue^OM peAy. A;ih ce Mecxo OBor npaBor rene- 
THBa Mopa;io Ma;io noMepHTH jeAHO 36or naBeAenHX a6;iaTHB- 
HHX, a Apyro 36or caA ocTaBAenor o(JjeKTHBHor reHeieBa 

— 3aT0, niTO cy cbh ohh h o6ahkom cbojhm Bp;io (}^hckh 
npBOM, nocecHBHOM reneTHBy. Pa3H0JiHKe nait Myiaje npa- 
Bora napTHTHBHor reneTUBa pa3peAHlieM0 y Ase waBHe roMH^e 

— npeia Tone, Aa m y3 reneTHB, kojhm ce Kasyje uejiHHa, 
xaca, A0^a3H h peq (HMeHHi^a, saiieHHiia, h;ih 6poj) Roja 
BHa^K A^o, H TO Le 6hth n p b h, a^sl v^ HaBOBeno, umbhcku, 
ULAVi ys reneTHB ne A0jia3H HHRaKBO HHe 3a a^o, xe oh can 
HeoApel)eHo HCKasyje Aeo, h to te (Jhth Apyrn, Aa ra na- 



(') Oaaj npHMep no MHK.iomHhy mac y peA ouhx aa napTHTHuiiii 
o6jeKaT y3 rjaroae, kojh suane onamaite (Mikl., IV, 494.); yuopcAn: 
5., noA 6.). /Sf.), 1.). 



•^0 nPH.103U 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

30Beiio, zMuoACKuC) napTHTHBHH reHeiHB. Ya OBaj Apym 
TpeiJa AOA^TH H napTHTHBHy (h h»oj MH^ey) ynoTpetfy Haraera 
reneTHBa y pe^eHH^aMa 6e3 noAMBia. 

a.) MMeHCKH napTHTHBHH reHBTHB 
(4eo ce Kaayje oco6uthm hmohom). 

Obej ce reneTHB Moate pacnopeAHXH no pewMa, Koje 
HMenyjy a^o HeKc ko^h^hhc; xe pe^H Mory 6hth: 

a.) HMenuue, KOJe co6om anane KOAUuufiy uau Mepy; 
TO cy : qecTH^a, AeoHHita, nojia (no), qeiBpx, xpetena, KpHniKa, 
Kpyffla^, napqe, KOMaA; — Kan, spno, cxpyK, rpana, ;ihcx 
(apxMJe, KftHre ^nje^e), nepo (Kyitypyaa, JiyKa), 
Kopen, qecHO, »ima, Kopa, Kpaj; — yAO, oaBa (meLepa), 
r^iaBHAa (Kyuyca, ^yita), rp;io (roBOAft), paMo h njieto 
(hoc a); — xa6aK, sytfjba (^yqa); — rpyAa, rpyMen, nmuKa^ 
KOiiaq; — aajioraj (xjietfa), pacxerjtaj (K0H^a), noxnpani- 
jiaj (6apyxa), lenifta (6paniHa), Beraa^iHita (nee a), py- 
^eita (iiana), maKa, nperprax, napyqaj h napyqje (Al^Ba); 
— 6oKop, u6yH, BHxa (^Betla, pymnite, nacjiBne, nepja,^ 
3Aaxa, CBOJxe, coKO^oBft), npanen (iiarjie), xpy6a,^ 
Kpna (njiaxHa), pyno, moxobh^io, BHXiiHti, ByAe^a, xo^aK 
(boa^); — nacMo, KJiynBO (npelje), hh3 h nnsa (jaroAft, 
6Hcepa, AyKaxa), Benait (^yRa, cMOKaBa, nanpHKa), 
rpnH>a (opaxa, cMORaBa), cnon h cHonas (^exeJiKHe), 
xOMyx (c^aMe), AH3HJa (AyRaxa); — jaxo, cxaAO, KpA, 
6yAyK, qonop, ko;io, ^exa, o6;iaK (a mm a), peKa (kpbh), 
roMH^ia, cn^ex (3MHja), nacaA (j^j*); — <^Tor, Kanapa, 
Kajiyn (canyna, Aysana), inaxop (njiaxna); — (Jpene, 
xoBap, B03, Ko^a, Jiai^a, Ma3ra (({^ara), — By^a (rpoma 



(') H aKO HaauBH HHcy 6am TanHU, jep h OBaj apjth npexno- 
CTaBAa HCKy pen, Cap <,3aMHiiij>eHy», KOja Kaayje Aeo, — onoT nan 
ce HHHe aroAHH c npaKXHiHora raeAHiuTa. 



nPH^OSH 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 21 

H Ay K ax a), Kai (xajbHHa), Keca, decare, tenep, nmw 
<CBe: tfjiara); — speta, KOxapHiia, Mex, xy^iyM, ^anra, 
Eyna, kohahp, nexap, 6o^a, qa6ap, tyn, Koxao('), Kaaan, 
BeApo, qaaaK, (JaAaft (nee a), KamHKa (jyxe); — OKa, mi- 
xpa, ApaM, — apmHH, neA, cxona, — njiyr (3 eMJbe), JlaHa^ h 
Ap. OBaKe Mepe ; — Japan, njiyr (b ji b a), CHHflHp (p 6 a a); 
— roAHHa, Mece^, HeAe^a, Aan, caxax, KonaK (xoAa); — 
AyKax, rpom, napa, A^Hap, ^panaB, ©opHHxa hxa; — mho- 
«flHa, MajiHHa, 6poj (yqeHHKa), ^opoAH^a, Kyta (^expo- 
B m k a), Bpcxa (b H X e 3 B a), A a H H q H L, 70. H 78. H B m K., 
<5xp. 18. M 19. — HMeHH^e, Koje A0Jia3e ys oBe OBAe Hspe- 
l^ane pew, a noKasyjy ^era je ysex ko^hkh ago, cxoje y r e- 
HexHBy MHOSHHe, aso cy 3ajeAHH^Ke (a no neKaA h 
BJiacxBxe), a y renexHBy jeAHnne, aKo cy MaxepH- 
jajine h 36HpHe (hjih h MHC^iene). — Kao mxo je Mo^y 
HaBeAeniM HMeHHi^aMa pe^ nojia (ho^'b) H3ry(JH;ia cBojy cyn- 
<5xaHiiHJajiHocx, xe AOJiasH BHme Kao npHJior 3a Mepy, xaKO 
ce H Apyre leKe HMeHH^e yiioxpe6jbaBajy 3a KOJiBqany ne y 
<5B0M o6htoom CMHC/iy: „HMajy cuAa nHcmeHHjex cbjoao- 
^ancxBa", „Hy4o naca nsjoAOine ByKa*; xaKaB je h re- 
HexHB-npDJior sa Mepy xpomHiie: ,caMoje jzqo Tpomu^e 
eo^e^ (cBa xpa npHMepa y Mikl., IV, 474.); — OBaMO 6h 
Tpetfa^o cxaBHXH h npHMepe: ^AaA^ ABa noBua npHAa, bo- 
aapHfle nex cxoxhh' Ay^axa*^, „h onKJiaAO xiijiaAy Ay- 
^f-axa", „0H My AaAe nyny Kyny BHHa — osi^e^AHJe h 
Ao6poAoniJiHue* (BomB., 19.). 

j3.) 3QM€Huue uoKasHBy npocxe h Moaene CBaKora Aw\9k 
{o6hmo y cpeAH>eM poAy jeAHMHe: oeo, to, oho) h Aunna 
TpeKez neuoaaaTOi jiuua, npocxa h c^osena: BO^H^HHa, 
Kojy one Basyjy, Bpjio jeHeoApei^eHa; xaKO HMaMo : ^C obo 
<}paxa AO^eKaLy TypKe*, ^Aa nojeACM obo CHpa**, ^w 



'}) H aKa6ao» : y crapOM*. «co4h rpHH Kb6jH«, Mikl., IV. 4 74, 



22 nPIIw103li 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JB8HKA 

jeAe HBiHTa 3a to a ana" (MikL, IV, 475.), *,oho Kyta^ 
niTO HHJe 6iiA0 nsropejio, Cp6H pacKonajy** (Hob., 18.), »inTo 
ocTane RHbeHHX CBaxoBa^, ^npHRynH jomHemTO 66bapa 
H caioBOAaiia*, „K0Ja Bac je oho roBopBiia* (MikL, 
475.), „CBaBora Bac Kao oiait ^Qjiy mo^ihcmo** (Bobik., 
20.), »niTO roA BMa y CeH»y jyaaKft*, „He a* npHAa 

HHBITa*^ (AaHH^Ht, 69.) HTA. 

y.) Epojeeu — xaKol^e Mory KasHBaTH a^o hah, (}ojbe, 
0Ap6l)HBaTH KOJiHqflBy; a^H cy ohh ABOJasH: OAP^^esHH 
HeoApe^OHH, npoHa Tone, BaBBe cy hm ochobb ; xaso A^K^e: 

ft.) Epqj 04pe^u, paayne ce, n p o c t, na 6hjio o c h o b h h 
(cardinalia), 6bao 3(Jhphh (distributiva), — Moate HMaiH: 

aa.) ocHoey apu4eecKyC)' to cy 6pojeBH: jeAan^ 
ABa, o(}a, TpH H ^exHpH; xaKo HMaMo: „KoJH je joAHora 
Hac no3ApaBHo*, „no^H Bac jeAan", „a xh yse joaho 
CHpo^aAH"*, ,Hac ABa 06 JiH^HO HeBHl^a^iH'', ^nomxo h»hx 
ABHJe oxHAy y upsBy**, „Bac qexapH AynioM noAHecHxe* 
(AaHH^., 82.); (oco($bxo c^arafte p^qg HMaMO y npHHepy: 
„T/L HaxoBapH one xpn KOH>a^; Hap. npnnoB., 152.); 

66.) ocHoey uMenuHKy : 6pojeBH OBasHX ocHOBa Mory 6hxh: 

aa.) ochobhh (cardinalia); xo cy nex, mecr 
hxa., — no nocxaay 36HpHe HMenHite; HMe 6pojeHor upeA- 
Mexa CTOJH y reHexHBy iiflo»HHe, a caMH 6pojeBH ocxajy ne- 
upoM6HjabHBH, ^yBajyliH cboj HOMHHaxHBHO-aRysaxHBHH o6ahb. 
TaBO HMaMO : .Eomexajio je nex ^enojaKa'', „36op 360- 
pHJio ocaM BeBBpoBa*", „naB Me A^sex orpeja cynaiia'', 
^Aecex Bac je y Maxepe 6hj!io*, „nHJe bhho xpHAOc'x Ya- 
6HH»aHa*, (MikL, IV, 477.), „c a^box 6pate, a^bbt 
BOJeBOAa'', „BeAH H>eMy ABanaecx BiiaAHBa'', ^Apan HMa 
qexpAecex c^yry*, „h AaA© My xpncxa npaxHJiaAa", 
^ qexHpH cxaBflxesoBa H3;iebeine hs saxBopa" (^ a h a q h b, 
79.) ; — Aa 6pojeBH AOJiase HenpoMenjbHBO, bhah ce h3 obhx 

V*) (jadjectivische numcralia», Mikl., IV, 4 76. 



1IPH403H 3A CMHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 23 

npHMepa: ^Eoa ohb abb, xpacia'*, „6ho can y o6a la 
MJecTa"*, ,npeKo xpH rope serene ^, „h cy xpa ra CTpaee 
onKOAHffle", ^cy aeroBo TpHcia njemHBaiia'*, (Mikl., 
IV, 479.); — Bpjio je peAaK npHMep To6o»Re wettCHJe y 
6pojeBHMa BeliHX oa 'lexEpH: „oa aeroBe qerapH naxHJe 
H neiHJe 6pAa raHpoKHJe*" (Mikl., IV 478.). 

HauoMena. Mecio npocTHX ochobhhx 6pojeBa no ne- 
KaA Mory aoIiH 6poJHe HueHHi^e, H3B6AeHe HacxaBROM 
um, una^ U7ha, an; OBe na ut^a AO^ase sao 6poj 3a ^yAe 
h;ih asHBoxHRe MyniKora poAa. TaKo HMaMo: „ABojH^H jy- 
HaKa", ^xpoJHiiH Ao6pHJex jyeaKa**, ^noAaj oho xpo- 
JHiiH BOJiOBa**, „a ABojH^y MJiaAG (aKya. mhos.) y^axHine**, 
„xpoJHi^y JHX ywxHO »HBa", „Hac qexBopH^a Aa cxape- 
myjeMo", JeAanaecxopHiiH anocxojia*, „a mecxHHy paHom 
o6paHHJiH ** , „ xpHHaecxHHa yqenHKa**, ,, H»eroBO cxoxHHy 
naHAypa*", »npe ABaecxHHy r o a h h a^, „ AO(JaBAeHa aa ocMaK 
AyKaxa", „co6om boah A^cexaK Typasax* (roxoBO CBe 
y Mikl., IV, 480.). 

jSjS.) 36hphh (JpojeBH (distributiva): cMaxpajy 
ce xaKo^e Kao HMeHHAe, KaA cy y jeAflHHH cpcAftera poAa; 
y renexHBy jeAHHHe cxojh AOAana a^npHa HlIeHH^a, ko- 
joj ce sdHpHHM 6pojeM Rasyje ROJifl^Hna jeAHHaRft mh cxBdpfl; 
xaKO HMaMo: „H nocjeMe abojo apaiiMaAH**, ^OABeAO My 
ABoje(*) ^oite M^aAe", „o6oje ce aq^b hocboxh^io*, 
^BHKHy Jy^e ^eite A^Bexopo", ^inecxopo MOM^aAH", ,^ex- 
Bopo naynqaAH**, „Te yoaxnx ABOJe ^H^aHqaAH", „xa- 
pytH ABOJe ^nnoBa APB&aAH joaho o Apyro*, — ajiH 
H y3 ocHOBHe npocxe 6pojeBe Mo^se AO^aanxH 3(5HpHa ane- 
HHAa y renexHBy jeAHHne: ^^yBajxe mh a^box ynyqaAH", 
,jep ce CByKJio abbox (ipate M^aAe", »y nac tfjerae ce- 
AaM 6pate« (cBe y Mikl., IV, 482.); 



(') Ako ys 6poj 40ja3u juMua aaMeiiHua, OHAa ou MO»;e 6hth 
sGupHii, caMO aKo cy ue.La4 pasHora no^a u yapacxa; npena tomc uac 
4 B o i e HHje HCTo, uiTO H u a c A B a (6paTa, qoeeKa uta.) hju h a c a b o- 
jima; iiac Asoje Aan^e SHaHH : aja u jnena®, <,Ja h Aexe® hta. 



24 nPH^OSII 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

B,) Epoj neo^pe^enu, laKO^e Moate 6hth no ochobh 
ABOJaK : 

aa.) ocHOBa My je saMeuuHKaC): obo cy Taso 3BaHe 
»6poJHe saMeHHi^e** y cpeAften poAyjeAHiHe: ko^ihko, to- 
jiHRo, HeBoJiHRo, HHKo^HBo; ftflMa CO sasyje HBOApe- 
^ena BOJiHRolia h^h (}poj OHora, rnxo ce HMenyje reHeTHBOM, 
KOJH y3 H»HX AOJiasH: ^Eo^HRO 4 6 (J a nojejia, torero je^a 
HLVLH.Aei*', ;^RO.iHRo B0A6 nouHJia, TOMRO cysa npo^HJia^, 

^RO^HRO JbyAH, TORERO LyAfl", „na nOBHRa HeROilHRO 

<5-^yry", „3a TO Henaj 6pHre hhroahro** (AaHH^., 64.); 
66.) ocHOBa My je upu^eecna : hh obo HHcy npaBH 6po- 
jeBH, Hero HajiHR na 6poJHe HMeHH^e, HanpeA naBeAeneC*), 
ynpaBO »6poJHH npHJiosH*'; to cy: mhoto, nyno, BHine, 
AOCTa, qecTO, Ayro, roJieMO, TymTe, — Ma^o, Maae, 
€Jia6o; TaKo imaMo: »Hac je mhjio, a mhoto Mapapa*, 
„mTo BHine rpMH, MaH>e a a si a a naxoAH^, „y muh' HMa nyeo 
^e^e*', Join cy ce Ayro a an ft tocthah*, ^tv te 6hth ro- 
jieMO noMotH*, ^AOCTa^yAH, AO^apjynaR*, „3y6oBax 
je Tymre HSomTpH^a*, „qecTO nyTa", „c;ia6o 3Hajy jy- 
na^iRHJex njecaMa* (cne y Mikl., IV, 483.); — xaRBH 
cy HeoApei^enn 6pojeBHHpeM: no^e, Ao6pe, H3o6HJia 
HcaMO jom: »Hac HMa Aotfpe*', »^eH0 poAHH3o6HJiaBHHa*, 
,,Aa HMa HOJie naMeTH*, ,,aor jom 6palie y noxo^e AO^e" 
(AaHHq., 65. h 67.) 

6.) riiaroiiCKH napTHTHBHN reHeTNB 

(4eo ce He Kaayje oco(5rthm hmohom). 

TeHOTHBOM ce, Rao h nanpoA, Rasyje hmo iie^Hne, Mace, 
ajiH ce MHCJiH caMO HeRH A60, H aRo 3a a^o noce^Ha pe? ne 
AOJiasH: no HeoApe^enocTH Tora AOJia onaj rjiaro^cRH nap- 

Miklosich, IV, 482. 

(* Cuaa, 'lyAo u Apyre, Koje H3ry6iiine CBOjy cyncxaHmi- 
ja.uiocT. 



nPM.103M 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 25 

THTHBHH reHGTHB Hai(J4HaRH je HueHCKOM y3 HeoApo^eHH 6poj. 
Tjiaro^H cy BetHHOM npe^asHH, le kro ^a to napi. reHeiHB 
y HCTO BpeMe 6hth yBes h o6jeKaT, nomTo 6h, a* ce ne mh- 
CJiH Aeo, MecTO reneTHBa Aomao aRysaxHB (^a^ Barpe no- 
TpaaEHM*" npena ^cecipy noipamHTH", Mikl., IV, 491.). 
Ajih J6AH0 saxo, mio hh c&m anysaTHB, Rao rnxo SHaMO, He 
Mopa (}hth y pe^eflH^H yBeK h caiio otfjesaT, a Apyro h saTO, 
niTo reneTHB, A'^JiasetH ya tmvoa, ^pasiinqHo Moae CTajaTH 
y pe^eHHiiH npena nojiomajy, kojh 6h aayse^o Hue, Koje re- 
HexHBy npHnaAa" (*), a Koje ce caAa He HCKasyje, — 36or 
Tora, Be^HMO, napiHTHBHH reneTHB ys r;iaroji ne Mopa yneK 
<5hth HCTO HiTo H otfjesaT. Oh je y r^aBHOM abojrk npeia 
pe^eHHiiH, y Bojoj je. Taso HMaMO napTHTHBHH reneTHB: 

a.) 7 peneHznB je^HO^jiaBoj (6e3 no^MCTa). 

reneTHB je napTHTHBan, a;iH, (JyAytn y pe^eHHiiaMa er- 
3HCTe''^ttjajiHHM, CTOJH Kao ApyrH, HMeHCKH, A^o ^c^oateHor" 
npffpOKa, H no noKaA OAronapa noMHnaTHBy-noAMeTy Apyrnx 
je3HKa(*). HpHMepH 6h ce momh paspe^HBaTH no Maro^nira, 
y3 KOJe CToJH oBaj reneTHB. HajqemtiH je, pasyMe ce, r;ia- 
TOA jecaM, a AO^ase h H>eroBH saiieHHiiH: 6hth, nnaTH, 
TpajaTH, TetH hta., cjih^ho onoMe, nrro BHAecMO y no- 
unaTHBHHM ersHCTeni^HJajiHHM pe^enni^aMa 6e3 noAHOTa, Te 
HMa H pe^enHU& c r4aro.aHMa noBpaTHHM (tpdhhm). Tebo 
AaRjie HMaMO napTHTHBHH reneTHB: 

a.) y ezaucTeuuujaAHOJ pmeuui^u ya lAatoji : jecaM u 
6uTu: „OAKaKO je CBBJOTa** (Mikl. „Subj. Satze*-, 37.), 
„AOK je rjiaca KpaAeBnta Mapsa", „aok je Mene h na 



(*) Hiibschmann, oZur Casuslehre'^, 272. Ilpeua tomc Ha- 
.laaH niicau Aa y 3eHAy reueTHB ctojh : aMecTO npupoRa ya verb, 
subst.'*, K^ecTO noAMexa", iia toh oMecTO npeAueTa*^ hta., ibid. 
^73. M 275. 

(*) Miklosich, IV. 486. 



26 nPU403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPHCKOrA JE3HKA 

MeHH r^aBe", »6Htie KHme*, „h u^ia^Hie aok Ban 6yAe 
cyaa* (Mikl., IV, 486.), »i>e je (Jpate, xy je h a«- 
je^ia*", ,AOK je lejiaua, 6Bte h HOBaAa*", (Hap. 
nocji.); — HeK 6yAy noMenyTH h npHMepH: „fla th boab^ 
MaJKO Moja*, ^eio BHna jiaAHa*' (ibid.), tag peqi^e na « 
exo Be AO^ase Bao ycR^Hi^fl; 

B.) y3 zAazoAe: uMaru, — xpa^aTU, TeKu, — uauKu, 
4oKu, 113MUMTU, — otcueeTu, zpejaTu bxa., ys Koje (}b, a* 
ce BO MBCJiB Aeo, Mecxo reaexaBa cxajao BOMBBaxBB, 6hj10 Kao 
ApyrB Aeo HueBCBor npapoKa, 6hjio Kao noAMOx; xaKo je: „y 
CBBJexy BMa siiHJex SBjepoBa**, — ^Aooe xpaje cyBAa 
B Mjeceiia" (Mikl. S. S., 51.), ^aok oa H»era xe^e 
Mymse rjiaBe*, — ,AajeB3 leae spenocxB bsbbijio*, 
— „E jyBaqKBX iiojiexajio r^aaBax", — „xy BSMB^e ae- 
KaKBora nysa*, — „Aa je h ApyrBX yqesBx JtyAM 
atBBCiio*', „K0JH atBBe AOK^eB cyBAa rpBJe'*, — „KaA HMa 
Xj{>e6a, fleMa co^h, a RaA ana co;ia, aeiia x^etfa'', ^aaajio 
je KOA B»BX a Apyrajex c.iyry**, „rABao je a aoBita 
BMaxa Mopa.io'' (Mikl., IV, 486. a 487.); 

B.) ya zAazoAe uoeparue — rpune: Bpjio pexKo: „B[3- 
MB^e ce xAetfa"", ^npeMaRiio mb ce aoBaiia^, „BpH6pa;io 
ce jKBxa" (Mikl., 486.); — y Bpaiiepy ^^eaoJKa Be- 
jiBKa BJiB Majia, jeAaaEO joj ce xoke CBaxoBa* (Hap. 
nocJi.) BMaMO napxaxBBBa reaexBB 3a otfjesax, a xasaB je 
peAOBBO : 

fi.) 7 peneHznB ^BOHJiaBoj (c noAMeTOic). 

PacnopeA aapxaxaBBor reaexaaa sa otfjesax yAeca- 
teMO no oarojiBMa, ya KOJe AO^aaa: ya aette je o6jeKax 
Bame BapxaxaaaB, y3 acKe Maae; BeKa cy oaex rjia- 
rojia xaRBB, a^ ^aae npe^as oaaiia, mxo aiajy ysa ce reae- 
XBBe aeapaBor o6jeRxa a Aa^a, a caa cy caao ape^asaa. 
TaKo AaBJie OBaj reaexBB A0Jia3a: 



nPH403M 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JESHKA 2* 

a.) 3a o6]eKaTy 04 Koza ce mucau caMO nenu ^eo, ys zjia- 
iOAe: HMaiH, ysHMaiH, saxHTHTH, — jecTH, hhth, 
— HOCHTH, AOHeTH, HSHeiH, — AftTM, CJiaTH, cnpe- 
MaTH, — HaCpaTif, narpa^HTH h Apyre cjioatene 
c np6A<AoroH ua; xaRO HMaMo: „Ja noita HMaA6M, CTaAO 
Aa HanaceH, a h BOAe HMaM, CTaAO a^ HanoJEM"*, „niiaH 
CpaLe H ocTajie CBojie*, „ab, JiaAne boa6 saHTHin**, 
^H3 o(Jpa3a KpBH yfl^axHiia'' (MikL, 484.), „Kao Aa ch 
Aoraao Baipe yaexH*, ^le Aonece BHnaHpaKHje*', ^jie(Ja 
HOCHM, a r;iaAaH caM*, „Aaj xproBqe HsnecH mh nAaiHa", 
,HeK HaM noniAe y noMot aJAyKa", „BOAe nHnre, jietfa 
sajioaRHrae*, „h bito jeAy xjtetfa ^apeBO^a", „na cje- 
Aome are Be^epaxH CHpa, ;ke6a, paKHJe b BHsaH a^- 
6eJia Meca oBsyjcKora", „cjiaBe pajcKe yatMBajie* 
(Aannq., 83.-85.), — „Aaj mh, 6oate, Bjeipa ca um- 
BHHe*, „cnpeMaj naiia BHBa h AyxaBa**, — „naK a^* ny- 
cia tf^ara Barpa6HMo", „Aa BaCepeM no Mnpoqy 6HAa* 
(Mitl., 484.), — ^ »<5Hpaj njiaiBa, EaKBora th Aparo**, 
^Aa Ha6epeM KocioAOMa^, ,h BaKyna syTHJex Ay- 
Kaxa** (AaBHqHt, 83.); OBe npHMepe ys rjiaroAe, mo- 
S6B6 c npeA^oroM ua, b6 xpetfa HeniaTB c OEAHa sa HenpaBH 
otfjeEax onex y3 waroJie, Moatese c iipeAAoroM ua; 

B.) 3a oSjenaT, u to ne sa nenu ^eo, uezo 3a ueo 
upe^MeT, ajiH y neKOJiHKo orpaBHqeB, Kao caMo npHBpeMefl('): 
xaAa reaexHB AO^asH ys r;iaro^ : xpaatnxH, HCKaxH, xxexH, 
ae;iexH, bojigxh, qeKaxH hxa; TaKo HMaMo: „Aa My 
xpaai JiHJene ^eBOJEe**, „Aa Baxpe noxpaaiHM^, „Aynie 
cnaceHHJa Hmxy*, „mhjiocxh xoty a ae npHJiora**, 
^6h jih, MaJKO, RaRBHJex noHyAa**, „aEo atejin c H>HMa 
npHJaxejbcxBa*', »CBHH»^e bojih CHHJera, Bero Mete*", 
„EaA ce cecxpe 6 pax a noymeAe", ^A^pa 'leRajy* (a npaBH 



(') Mikl., IV, 4 87. 



28 npiLioaii 3a CHHTAKcr cpncKorA jeshka 

o6jeKaT: ^cBaie ^eKa*"), ^le^o caHKa syAH*" (AaHHq., 
86.) ; — MecTO riiarojia Mory 6hth npBAeBH ncTora anaqeiba, 
a qecTO H ocHOBe Hcre: r^iaAan, a^OAan, aseisaH, cyxo- 
TaH: „TIa^ ch waAan XAe6a 6HJejiora, h^' cyxoian 
Meca fl.e6eAOT9,j hji' ch ateAan BHna pyMenora**, „e 
can »e;bHa poAa h Maiepe" (Mikl., 491.). 

HanoMena. SHa^eite ce OBora reneTHBa Bp^o 6mcko 
AOAHpyje ca sHaiieReM neiafta, HeAOCTajaaa, noxpetfe: 
c Tora je, mhcahmo, yuecno aaBecTH obas h oeaj a6.aaTHBHH 
reHGTHB KOJH AOJiasH y3 rjiaro^i Tpe(JaTH(*), noxpe- 
(5oBaTH; TaKo HMaMo: „Tpe6aTH MJiHJeKa", „MyApHne 
HM Apyre He xpetfyje**, a;iH Mecio reHeTHBa aom3h, Bpjio 
peiKO, H aKysaiHB: „naK My cane MpBy Tpe(JoBaffle" (Mikl., 
IV, 459.); 

B.) 3a oSjeKar, jam y MaweM CMucAy uapTUTueau — 
ys rjiaroiie kojh anaqe KaKBO qy^iHo h;ih yMHo 
ouasaRe; Tocy: bhabth, yrAeAaiH, nosHaTHj-nH- 
TaTH, qyBaTH, HTA. reHGTHB je Maae noAo6aH, a* HCKaae 
npaBH o6jeKaT : AOK^e aKysaraB noKaayje Aa noAMeioBa paAfta 
ca CBHM oBJial^yje npeAMexoM, AOT^e reneTHB caMO ana^H no- 
Kymaj (*) y tom CMHCJiy. TaKO HMaMO : „ AS' JJ^ bhahm 6 e ji o r a 
ByAHMa", „BH^e KHeae paAOCHora rjiaca", „yrjieAajia 
yAOBHue iipne*, „Ty momah MeAajy ^CBojaKa", „no3fla 
KOftHit CBOJe rocnoijHiie", „3Ham ma, MapKO, BOAe ja 
Mexane", „OBycHJiH A^pa netfecKora", ^nasH nene Apare 
cecTpe Moje'', ^nnia MaJKa AaMJanoBe ^y^e*", „Ay6a 
HHia AyTHiteBorAaHa*", ^TOJeMapso nocAyniao MaJEe", 
— naMO»AaH: ^dito qyBaxy itapeBora rpaAa**, ^^yBaj, 
uape, TH rocnocTBa TBora^ (Mikl., IV, 494.). 



(') Ofiaj ce raaro.i oCnqno roBopn cano y TpeheM ahuj- je4BMHe 
„ MUOHciiHO — 6e3 noAMCTa. 

(*) flDie thfttlge Kraft wird gleiehsam nur versucht u n ( 
hoben, nicht erschOpft", pe^H TpHMOBe y Mikl., IV, 487. 



nPIU03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE81IKA 29 

6. TeHeTHB 3a vfijb (genetiya^ flnalis). 

Osaj iipaBH reneTHB, mhmo aKyaaTHBy aa ^HA 
(KojH je HeKaAa 6ho y BeLoj ynoipe^H, na je c uoTOftHM 

paSBHTROM J63HR0BHHH 3aMeH>6H 1601X0 reHeTMBOM, a JOIE 

BHine a^thbom), noKasyje npeAMei, ao Kora ce npyma Kpe- 
xaae HiiH KoJH ce AOCTHate paAftOM r;iaroJiCKOM(*). 
Hapa^ie^HocT, Aa^^e, Kojy bmabcmo H3Me^y reneTHBa h asy- 
3aTHBa BOA npaBor o6jeKTHBHor h napiHTHBHor reneTHBa — 
OBAe ce caMo ,\HJbe noTBp^y]e(*). T^iarojiH, y3 Koje AOJiasH 
OBaj reneTHB, Mory (}hth ABOJaKH: 

a.) CySjeKTuenu — cpe4H>M, koju uoKasyjy KpeTawe; 
Tocy: AoiiH, nacTH, saiiacTH, AonacTH: ^jl^otiikA^iuOY 
MH ^euAie noMopkCKUie'' O, Jep aso Hy ^erol^ p y s e 
Ao^eM", ,,He MorocMo Tone Kpaja aoIh**, „aKO mh naAHem 
maKa, 3HaM inxa Ly c to($om qHHHTH^, ^Aonaiyo poncTBan 
TaMHHite**, „hhth naAe HH pana AonaAe", „3amT0, 6paTe, 
sanaAe TaBHH^e" (Mikl., 502.), ^Tennte can th MyKe 
Aonanyo^, „TO6aH Taso Ao^e rjiane aatAaJH** (^aHH^Hii, 
103. H 104.); 

6.) Cy6jeKTueuu — uoopaTnu, CAoofcenu c upe^Jio- 
zoM ^Ao^, y3 KOJe 6h, Aa cy npejiasHH, MecTO reneTHBa CTa- 
jao iffiysaTHB upaBora otfjeKxa; TocyiAOA^nyTHce: „TaEo 
ce non^afflH (ByK), a* ce japeTa a ne AO^eHe*" ; — AOTatn 
ce H AOTHiiaTH ce: „AOTaqe ce xaAnne aeroBe", 
„03ApaBJbaxy cbh, kojh za ce AOTHitaxy"; — AOA^pHyTH 
ce: ^AOAHpne ce pyKOM oraa"; — sa thm: AO'ienaTH 



(') Kao mTO ce buah, oh je fotobo ucTOBeraH c reHerHBOM, 
KojH H4e y3 npe^Jor do; Mikl., IV, 501. u 519. 

(*) Delbruck, op cit., 40. 

(*) y CTapoM naif jesHKy 6ho je aocth o6H»iaH y obom kokkpct- 
HOM CMBCjy: 4aHH^., 102. h 103. — ITo AaHH^nhy je MoacAa h 
reaeTHB a oh a ocTaxaK oBora KounpeTHor 3HaHeH>a mi.i>a: aseh xo- 
AHMO AOMa nyTOBaTH», »h xohame AOMa Aa OTHAe», ibid.; na xano 
H y ApyroM 3HaieH,y: <|0h je AOMa» (Mikl., IV, 512.). 



30 nPH^OSH 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3MKA 

ce: „KaA ce KonHen AO^enao K^yia", — AOKOiiaTH ce: 
„KaKo ce AOKonajy myMe*", — Ao6aBHTH ce: „KaA ce Ma- 
^ap KftHre Ao6aBHo", „He 6h ae ce Ao6aBHo Apyra", — 
AoxBaTHTH ce: „^eB0JKe ce pjKOM AOXBaTHo"*, — „aoi- 
^aiH ce qera", — ^aojmhth ce Kora, qera" (Aann^., 
101. H 102., Mikl., IV, 503.). 

7. reneTHB Heupasora o6jeBTa. 

(genetivus indirecti object!) 

OAMax sa oHHajiHHH, mbcjibmo, Tpe(ia a^ AO^e reneTHB 
HenpaBora otfjeKTa, kojh je no MHMoinHky TaKo^e h3 
peAa npaBHX reHeTHBa(*). H oBaj je reHeiHB ana^oran 
aKysaTHBy : oh noTnyno OAroBapa ^ABorytfoM*" aKyaaiBBy h^h 
ABOiia o6jeRTHBHHH aRysaTHBBxa; obo oco6hto OHAa, 
KaA reneTHB aojibsh y3 rjiarojie npejiasne h noBpaiHe, bojh 
3Haqe nyHotyC), le cy o6btoo cjioatOHH c npoA^ioroM na. 
Oa noMenyTa ABa aKyaaTHBa onaj npBH (sa aehq) ocraje h 
OBAe Kao aKyaaTHB — 3a npaBH npeAMex; onaj Apyra 
(3a CTBap), 3aT0, mio ce o(5h^ho mhcjik caMo HesH aoo neke 
Mace, saMeftyje ce reHeTHBOM — 3a HenpaBH npeAMeT(*). 
y3 Marojie noBparae 3aMeHHua ce saciyna npBH aKy3aTHB. 
TaKO, AaB^e, aKy3aTHB nenpaeoza (Apyrora) oSjeKxa A04a3H: 

a.) Va zAazoAe vito anaue : aynoKy, o6ujihoct j^dA^e, 
Te cy Tora paAH cjio»eHH c npeA^oroM ««(*), a Mory (5hth: 



l') Divkovic. dSintaksa za naSu Skolii", cxp. 51., yApyJKyje 
OBaj reHCTHB c ohum aa «cBoicTBO» (qualitatis) , u cxaB.ba ra y poA 
a^AaxHBHBX reHOTHBa. 

(*) Delbruck, op. cit., 41. 

(') npHMepy : oHayqHhy Bac uemro moqo» OAroBapa npuMep: 
«na je MapKa eode uanojno.^ 

(*) IIpeAaor na aoa&3u r^aroauMa Kao npe*HKC y nex 3HaMeH>a, 
H qexBpxo My je, bojh MHK.Aomuh, oho, KaA oauaqaBa Aa je paAHH noA* 
Mex paAH>y usBpniHO ao Kpaja — (abis zur Sattigung»), Mikl., IV, 214. 



nPIU03U 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3MKA 31 

a.) JIpeAasHu: nanoJHTH: ^Ty hx Hfiae Bina hb- 
noJHO", — HaxpaHHTH: »b Ae6e;ia Meca HaxpaHHo**, 

— Ha30(JHTH: »TpH njT ra je 3o6h Ha30(JHo", — na- 
ueAHTH: „noA KynHite JHAa Ha^HAH4a*, — HaiytH: ^na- 
TyqeH je upHnoBHJeAaKa", — najecTH: ^Haje^e ra 
nHBa H jecTHBa*, — nanpTHTH: ^nanpteHH po6e cbr- 
BOJaKe" (MikL, IV, 506.); 

/J.) //o6rpaT«t^; HarpejaTH ce: „Aa ce japKa cyH^a 
HarpejeMO*, — HaHOCHTH ce: ,,3ApaBJbHita ce HaHOCHJiH*", 
^M^aAOCTH ce MJiaAOBaiiH (HaM;iaAOBa;iH)*', — HaatHBeTH 
ce, flaxoAHTH ce: „cpetH^e ce HaHOCHJiH, ^ena atHTKa 
Ha»HBeM, AO(Jpe cpete HaxoAHjiH*, — HanHXHce: Ja 
ce Hauflx my6ep-B0Ae", — HaHHpncaTH ce: ^naMpH- 
cax ayxe Ayft^*? — HaKHTHTH ce: „KaA ce MapKo Ha- 
KHTHO BHHa*, — HaiiieAaTH ce: ^naweA'c ce tfnjejia 
cEHJeTa"*, — flajby^HTH ce: ,BJepHe can ce Jbj6e Ba- 
AytfHo", — HaceliH ce: „TypcKHX can ce rMBa naceKao* 
HTA. (MikL, IV, 506.), — HacjiymaTH ce: „Aa c' Ha- 
CJiymaM Tpynna oa ROftHiia h jays a oa A0(5pflx jyEaKa*", 

— HacnaBaiH ce: „Aa ce caBKa HacnaBaMo"; — laKO 
je h: „ko ce A^Ma ne naAHMH, oh ce oraa ae orpHJa*, 
,Ty ce CaBa HaTpomHO BHna" hta. (AaHH'i., 95., 96.); 

6.) Vs zJiazoM, HaHUfhene 04 ocnoee: uyu, kojh cy no 
3HaqeH>y c^h^hh c OHHMa CJioaeHHM c npeA^oroM ua, h kojh 
TaKol^e Mory 6hth npe;ia3HH h noBpaTHH, — na laKO h ysa 
<5aiie npHAeBe: uyu h cut (h rjiaro^ nacHTHTH); laKo 
BMaHo: HanyHHTH: „HanyHHMo Kyjiy ijetfexane, HanyHHHO 
AO(}pHJex jyEaKa**, — HcnyHHTM: „Bor Aa HcnyHH Bac 
CBaKe paAOCTH*, — npHAeB uyn: „qapHa ropo, nyna th 
CH ^aAa'', „npBa cpeka, nyna ?ama i^Betia; Apyra cpeLa, 
nyna ^ama BHHa; xpeta cpeka, nyna qama jeAa*, — cht: 
„KaA can CHT HHiTa, HHJecaM r;iaAaH HHmxa", „ho caM on- 



32 nPiMOSIl 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 



I « 



TaH Tora nyTOBaita", „HHjecaM ce KpBiie HanojHO, hh 
jyHaiiKa Meca HacHiHo" bta. (AanHq., 97., Mikl., IV, 507); 

HanoMena. Obomb je reneTHBHOM reneTHBy npniiaRHyT 
H c H>nMe HsjeAHa^eH atf^iaTHBHH reHexHB, rojh AO^asH noue 
r.iarcua, no SHa^eity cyupoTHHX OBHMa aa nyfloty: oxpe- 
CTH ce, OAyatBTH ce, ociajaTH ce, onpocTHiH, ocjio- 
60AHTH H noc^e npH^eBa npocT (rpexa), JiHineH (qera) 
HTA., KOJH te (5hth noMenyTH na cbom lecxy (reneTHB 3a 
OABajaBe) ; hcto je xaKo cpoAHO anaqeibe oBora reneTHBa ne- 
npaBor otfjeKxa h c noMenyxHM Bet napxHXHBHHM o6jeKxoM 
ya r^arojie: ateJiexH, xpamnxH h qeKaxH h ya npHAese: 
aeAan, aeAan, r^aAan hxa. CnoMHH>eMO OBe abb AOAHpne 
xaqKe paanoAHKHX ^ynKBiHJa naraera reHexHBa — c naMepoM, 
Aa ce BHAH RaEo paaBHxas naAesne ynoxpede ne Mopa yBes 
hLh xa^Ho OApe^enoM ..lorHqBOM nyxaitoM, nero ce ^ecxo 
ynpaBAa caMo no acoiiHjaiiHJH npoACxaBft, 6yAH aamxo a 6yAH 
KHKo yApy»eHHX h jeAHa Apyroj npHMaKHyxnx. 

B.) Va tjiaiojie, upejiaaue u uoepaTue, uo snaueHfj/ 
Cjiucne OHUMa, ya Koje ^ojiaau u zeneTue aa t^uJb; xo cy: 

a.) TToepaTHu: npHMHXH ce: ^IIpHMHnie ce nojta 
yA^HHCKora**, MamHXH ce: ^na ce Maranx Bocne Ka- 
MeHHxe", XBaxHXH ce: „xep ce mxh 6pAa it AOJiHHax", 
^qncxa ce a^axa p^ ne XBaxa", aaAOcxn ce: „y bhho 
ce 36opa aa^OAome", — aaAyacnxH ce: „aji' ce dnrae 
Ayra OAyatn^iH", — Bajaxn ce: ^Kajytn ce CBora(Jo3a- 
KOH»a", — 3a6opaBHXH ce: „3a(JopaBHBraH ce 6ora h 
aaKona**, — paaatfpaiH ce: ,a KaAa ce pa3a6pao canKa 
Bocejia*, — orpejaxH ce: „a qecxo ce cyniia orpejao*'^ 

— jiOBHXH ce: „0H ce ;iobh Konjba cBora tfojna", — 
ApaaxH ce: „ko ce ApatH ^paBfl^e, xaj ne My3e KpaBHiie*, 

— xnnaxH ce: „nixo ce xH'ie mene caMora** (Mikl., IV. 
505.); — H 

jS.) IIpejiaaHuuuoepaTnu: onoMenyxH (h — ce), cno- 
MenyxH (« — ce), cexHxH (h — ce), cxannxn ce, yAOCxo- 
JHXH ce; xaKo HMaMo: ^OnoMenH ce h Mene**, ^Aanac cpete 



UPHJ03II 3A CWHTAKCy CPnCKOiA JE3HKA 33 

^cnoMen'Te ce AJe^iax BHTemKHJex*', 
^npaBo Be^Hnr h 6oAer le ceTim**, ,aji' ee cerH nejaKa 
CxeBana*, „y tom c' TypwH nyraKe AOceiHO*, „na ce 
Kaje, ciaBH^a ce Ajnie* (^anHq., 110. h 111.), „ono- 
MHRytH Hx OMHfle saK^eTBe", „Aa ce yAOCToJHie Aap- 
CTBa 6o»HJer* (MikL, IV, 504.). 

8. roHOTHB 3a Hrpy. 

(genelivus ludi) 

y peA o($jeKTHBHHX reHOTHBa Tpe6a ciaBHTH h 
OBaj sa HPpy, HHje je sna^efte, HajiHS Ha 3HaqeH»e seHpa- 
Bora o6jeRTa, BHne napiHiBBHe npipoAe. Ocbm r^rarojia 
HrpaTH ce, y3 kojh AOJiasH reneTHB oa pew, Koja HMenyje 
flrpy, oBaKEB reneTHB Mory AO^HBaxH h ApyrH MaroJiH Hciora 
H^H cjiH^Hora 3HaqeH>a. Taso HMaMa: nrpaxH ce: ^Hrpanie 
ce Hrpe cBasojaKe, a najuoc^e Byxa h 0Ba^a'', „na 
flajnpHJe Hrpy BaneTHHTe npoKAeiora y pyne npcTeHa** 
(Mikl., IV, 511.), — HrpaTH ce: Aouxe, jacxyKa, 
RpHa^e, R4Hca, HSHeTa^se, Heie, ryufi, Ryne, 
opaxa, cjienora MHMa, pas^aBa hta. (A^hh^. 111. 
H 112.); — CRaRaTH: ^CRa^y CRORa", MexaxH ce 
H 6auaxH ce: „RaiieHa", xexjiHXH ce h BytH ce: 
^RjiKHRa'', AKsaxH ce: ^npomiia'', XBaxaxH ce: 
^c-iaMRe" ; — xaRO je h: 6hxh ce »6oja" (»(Joja (5hxh, 
caMo je .iH upaxa h Rora*', „y6flj mh ce (}oja xpn caxaxa"); 
— xaRo h: ^Aa ce MaAa Jia*a npeMexHeMo" (paaroBapaMo) 
flXA. (Mikl., ibid., AaHHq., ibid.). — 

4,a 6h ce BaBprnno peA reHexHBHHX hah npaBHX reBc- 
THBa, AOAab^MO OBHua AOcaAam&HM h ABa npena cbojhm r^a- 
rajuuia, xaRO Aa Raseio, HHAH«epeHXHa renexHsa: sanepy 
H aa Bpeiie, rojh 6h Mo»Aa uo CBojoj aABep^HJa^HocxH 
Tpe(5aA0 Aa AO^y Hajnocjie — HcnpeA OHor npaBor aABep^H- 
jajiHor, a^AaxHBHor renexHBa ^aa naqHH.* HoAomaj obhx 

r.iACHiiK LXIX. 3 



34 nPHwioaa 3a CHBTAKcy cpncKorA jeshka 

ABajy reneTHBa ya rjiarojie cjiH^an je no^ioatajy caMOCTajiHHX 
aKyaaxHBa ncTora HiieHa, Ho 6jihckocth cbojoj reneTHBy h6- 
npaBora o6jeRTa npso AOJiasa: 

9. roHOTHB sa Hopy. 

(genetivus mensurae) 

Morjio 6h ce petn Aa je OBaj reneTHB caio cnei^HJajina 
BapHJai^HJa npeAftera reneTHBa 3a nenpaBH o^jeRai, orpann- 
qena na ysan Kpyr npHAeB& h ta^toa&, sajeAHHqRor SHaqe&a. 
/I,0B je y CT. GAOBeHCBOM OH Morao aomshth onaKO hcto sac 
H aKysaTHB (^pucToii 0T% rf^AAA wonf^muTii TeTUpb''), 
y HaineM jesHKy AO^asH caMO ya r^aro^ie h npHAeBe, eojh 
SHaqe speAHOCT hjih i^eny; Taso Hiaio: „BpHJeAH aa- 
peBa rpaAa**, ^Ba^bajia (Jhx U^apHrpaAa*', „KOJa KomTa 
caia H^apHrpaAa'', ^laKap ra cxajio r^iaBe'', „HHCHpaja 
Aociaja^a**, „BHjie croje mecT ctothh' Ay^aiax" ; — „pa- 
AHH je AOCTojan CBoje n^iaie", „jiHi(e joj je Bpcno D^apH- 
rpaAa** (Mikl., IV, 508.), „y ay cy th 6jejie pyRe rpaAa 
BpHJeAHe", „OBora H'jecaM AOCToJEa"* (AanHq., 98.). 

10. roHeTHB aa speHe. 

HMeHHite, Koje cbojhm reneTHBOM Raayjy Bpeie, o^h^ho 
BMajy yaa ce KaEaB npHAeB hjih aaieHHity, Kao axpH^yT, 
qHMe ce OBaj reneTHB 6ap no cnojLHOM HsrjieAy npH6jiHsaBa 
reneTHBy nocecHBHOi: yHyxapaia cpoAHOCx anxoBa Moate ce 
npexnocTaBJtaTH no CBean, y Eojoj ctojh xaj reneTHB c noA- 
MeTOM rpaiaTHTOe pe^ennite ('). HieHHite, qnJHM ce reneTHBOM 
Kasyje 6iiiao caio jeAna Taqsa y Bpeieny, 6fl;io Ay»e Tpa- 
jafte BpeMena, jecy noHMeni^e one: Jiexo, ania, npo^ieke, 
jecen, BpeMe, roAnna, m e c e i^ (h niena n>eroBa), nob, 
qac, Bea, nyx, — sa thm h peqn: atHBOT, pax h cbct, 



(*) HaBOA 113 Sieckc-a, cxp., 05. y Mikl., IV, 509. 



nPIU03KI 3A CHHTAKCy CPQCKOrA JB3KIKA 35 

saA AOASLze lecro speieHa, aa Roje xpaje oho, niTo one SHaqe. 
TaKo HiaMo: ^One roAHHe jAapH rp^-A"", »CBaKe fce le jAa- 
pHTH crpane jeAHor AanaHJeAHor MHHjTa'', „6ov ue 
njiala cBaKe cy6oTe", „KaA TypiiHie jeceHH AO^y Ha 
MopaBy*", „He naAax ce OBor nyia Toie", „Tora qaca 
ocraBHffle oija*", „mh teio le ^ecTO hoxoahth, y toahbh cBa- 
Kora Mjecei^a, y Mjeceiiy CBase He^e^Hi^e*, — „0He 
hoLh RaA CHO ce pacTajin'', „oBora ^iiexay 6ojeBHMa 
OKo Ap^He HSH^y Ha rjiac HOBe BOJBOAe HJynaitH'', ^cBera 
^exa joAHa pena, h xa i^pB^HBa"", »npBe roAHHecpncaO 
<iyHe 6ho je npocx bojhhk'', „mxa je OBora BpeMenapa- 
AHJia HaxHJa nosenma'', „a& C narjieAaH MJiaAa BOsaxH 
qapHH owi(a'', „H0CH0 raije^ora atHBoxa*', „BHxeniKH 
CBera^e^Korapaxa BOJOBame'', „eAa 6h BaM AoOpo 6ihao 
OBor CBexa h OHora** (Mikl., IV, 510., A^hh^hI, 
62. H 63.). 

11. TeHeTHB ys OApHi^afto. 

(genetivus negationis) 

Ogo6hxo SHaqefte hjih, 6oji>e a^ Raseio, oco($hxh Ka- 
paRxep HMa renexHB y peqenni^H OApe^HOJ, HeraxHBHOj ; a pas- 
BHxaR OBe ynoxpetfe lose ce xyMaqHXH na ABa na^HHa : h s o- 
cxanaR hah nexafte OHora, mxo sna^H Hie y renexHBy. 
Mose ce yaexH, npBO, Rao Aa^je RpaJH>H pasBHxaR napxH- 
xHBHor SHa^efta, h Apyro, Rao oco($hxo AH^^peHnoBaoie 
ceoapaxHBHor 8HaqeH>a, no^saseliH A^'^Jie h oa cxapor 
a(JjiaxHBHor renexHBa. Mhr^ohihIi, sajeAHO c Apyrni ;iHHrBH- 
cxHHa npBora peAa (^), napxHXHBHocx OBora renexHBa y Hera- 
xHBHoj peqeHHi^H BHAH y xoM, Hixo ce OBAe, BejiH, npejiasHHi 
rjiarojiOH flCRasana paAH»a nopnqe h i^eAHHH h CBaROi, na h 
HajiaaeM A^Jiy oHora, mxo anaqH peq y renexHBy. IIpeMa 



[^) y Mikl., IV, 498. HaBe^euH cy: TpHM, IIot, Lobe h Gabe- 
lentz, MaaeaHu. 



36 nPH403H 3A ClIHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3IIKA 

Tone H oBaj 6\i, Kao h napTHTHBHH, 6bo eaMo Hesa Bpcxa 
06J6RTBBHHX reHeTHBa, le Oh oh y neraTHBiHi pe^eHHpaMa 
npe^a^HHx r^iarojia OAroBapao o6jeKTHBHOM aKyaaTiBy aMp* 
MaTHBHHX peiOHHi^a. AjiH ^yBOHH pycKH rpaMamap A Ho- 
Te(5H)a(*) He ycBaja TaKO TyMa^eae, le iie (5ap sa HeKe cjiy- 
^aje OBora reneTHBa HMaTH npaBo, Ka^ Be.iH ^a r^arojiH 
c OApHi^aHieM Tpase reseTHB saxo^ mT0($646»e: xiejieHa 
RpeTaH>e h^ih yAa^aBaH>6 oa npeAMera, JiHmaBaftO 
n^H pacRHAaH»6 Beae c ohhm, hito snaMH peq y 
reneTHByC*). C Tora te, mhwhmo, (}hth BepoBaiHa m jeAHa 
H Apyra KOHJeKiypa : y jeAHHM ce npHAHKaMa HeraTHBHH re- 
HeiHB Morao pasBHiH h yTBpAHin ys o^h^hh napTHTHBHH. 
— y ApyrHM naK ys pasHOJiHRH cenapaTHBHH h;ih a^JiaTHBHH 
reHBTHB- A noniTO oaaj ^reneTHB ya OApni^a&e" He ctojh 
caMO nocjie npejiaannx oaro^ia, jApyateHHX c upHJioroi ue. 
Hero HAe h y3 oApewe r^arojie ersRcieHi^HJajiHe, le otfpasyje 
OApeTOy peqeHHity (Jes noAMeia ; h hohito cmo BHAejiH Aa pe- 
qoHHite JeAHO^Jiane" Mory 6hth ciapHJe oa ^ABO^^iannx*': 
TO te (5hth yiiecHo, aKO oay HOBy ©yHBi^Hjy naraera reneTHBa 

paSMOTpHMO : 

a. I y oApeHHOj poHeHNi^N 6^ noAMeTa. 

PeneTHB OApe^HHX pe^eHHiia (5e3 noAMeTa OAronapa, 
npBO, reneTHBy napTHTHBHOM a«HpMaTHBHHX pe^enni^a 6m 
HOAMCTa H, Apyro, HoiHHaTHBy er3HCTeHAHJa;iHHX pe^eHHita 
6e3 HOAMeTa : o npnoM (5h ce Mor^o petn Aa je h cai nap- 



') A. noTe6HH, «H3i aannc. no pyccK. rpaMMax.*, 11, 254. 
II 2 5 5. 

(*) Ka,i 6n h oaaj renctHB 6no napTHTHBae, OB4e 6h, bcjih, aHC 
niiTH BHiia" 6hjio hctobctho hjh 6ap spjo 6jncHo c napTHT. anuTii 
BiiHa", a TO je cyMH>HBo, jep OBaj 4P>th reneTHB MaH>e aanHcu oa 
r.iaroja (Mo«e aoHh h aKyaaxMB : ftHHTii bmho**), a npsH wopa 6hth 
6aiu rcHCTHB, A. noTe6H« op. cit., 252.-253. Aok ce. no HameM 
MiimAeH>y, a6jaTHBH0 nopenao oApe^Hora reHCTHaa hp Mopa ycBoJHXH 
3a CBe cjiyiaje H>eroBe ynoTpe6e, oco6hto hc aa osaj npuidep h Apyre- 



nPH.lOail SA CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA J / 

THTHBaH, ApyroM jifii je BHffle uopeK^a cenapaTMBHor, r6ak- 
THBHor. Obo TBpl^e&e Mopa 6nTi HeoApel^eHo OBaRo c Tora, 
mTO i'.e napTOTHBEH reiieTHB tojihso pa3BH0 k pasrpaHao, ^a 
<5e yflOTpe(}i»aBa, Kao niTO cmo BHAeJiH, h oHAe, r^e He 6if 
HHEaso 6fiAo Hecia A^Jiy sasBe i^e^LHHo hjih <$pojy neRe ko- 
^HTiiHe, C Tora je h t^hko paa^iysHTH jeAHe reneTHBe ys He- 
raiiHjy ojy APjrHX ; c lora h Ham paenopeA He 6h lorao hshLh 
TaqaH h AocJieAaH, xe ce lopaHo aaAOBOjbHTH pel^aai^M npHMep& 
no rjiarojiHMa, ya Boje aom8h OBaj reHeiHB. Taso AaRJie: 

a.) FeueTue ctoju y HesaTueuoj eisucTent^ujaAuoj pe- 
nentmu ya rjiarojie jecaM h 6utu: ^A* ™ HHJe Mene 
<5hjio*, ^cTapi^a HHJe (5hao roa Ryle*, ^nete (5hth y Aapa 
^o&era'', ^hh 6i& ipTBa hh 6e pafteHora'' (BoniR., 
27.), — „Rojoj OB^H CBoje pyHO CMexa, oH^e HHje hh OBae 
hh pyna**, ,RaA HHJe Ma^Re, hhhih cy rocnoAapn**, „Tor 
^aAopa OB^e UHJe (}hjio*, „RaAe HHJe Aopo, ROH>aMora, 
HBRa HHJe HH leHe jynaRa^, „RaA MoMHpa ne (5yAe y 
ApRBH" (AaHM^., 127. H 128.), — „ROMe HHJe BHjeRa, 
HHJe My HH JiHJeRa'', ,,ao BomHka HHJe hh r;iaAH hh 
aHMe*" (Hap. noa.) hta.; 

/J.) Yd rjiaroA umutu, RaA je cjioateH c npn- 
JioroH ne: „Be8 MyRe neia nay Re", „(}e3 ApyniTBa fleia 
jyHaniTBa*, ^HsjeAeHone xpara neia*, „HeMa (iojie- 
tera** (Hap. nocji.), — ^neia ra roa Ryto*, „y Mene MaJRe 
He HMa^, „fteMy Aanac Heia npHJaieAa" (Bohir., 26.), — 
^HBMa OHor, ROJH Te(Je nele**, „xaJAy^Be Ryte neMa*", 
39 Aa TaRora He HMa coRO^ia", ,Rora neia na A^je^y, 
HeMa My A«^J6Jia'' (AanH^., 124. h 125.) (') hta. ; 



ya r^arowie npeaasHO, noTe6H>uHo ce Tyusme&e, peKdii 6hcmo, Mopa 
npuMHTH ,6ap 3a HeKc reueTHBo y oApeMiioj er3HCTeHUHja.iHoi 
peneHHUH 5e3 no4MOTa. 

[*) M3Mel)y MHoro npuMepft, hoje OBAe HaBOAH 4aHu<iHh, Aa iio- 
MeneMo ouaj aCuaKo* Type MOMce BesHp 611T11, — a jyuaKa HCMa 
Kao MapHo^, Kao aroAan, Aa uaM peMjy MapKo y HOMBHaTMBy KaHce 



38 nPH.103H 3A CHUTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

y.) Yd rjiaro;ie uacTaTuC)^ ocTaru, uacTu h y» 
Apyre Hese Henpejiaane, ajiH MHoro pe^e Hero y npsa 
ABa ay^aja (a. h /}.) h totobo caHO y nap. necHaia : ,^a 
jynaKa (5oji»era ne HacTaAe*", ^fteiy A^na ne CBHlie(5H- 
jejia"*, „fl,SL OA Bpara ne ocraje xpara* (Mikl., Sub. Satze"^ 
41.), — „fi,B, ne naAHe JieAftHH CHHjera — ao jeAan 
nyT y roAMH Aana**, „He yie^e oKa aa CBJeAOKa*', „He ao- 
xoAH JlOB^a HH TproBita*', „HHTH fly^e nymKe he jiy- 
6apAe'', „H>eroBa ce Kyfca yracHjia, y ay nete KOKoia 
nojaiH*' (AaHMTOt, 129. h 130.); h 

d,) Hajpe^e ya rjiarojie xpuue — uoepaTue: 
,,Hht ce BHAB He6a he o($./iaRa'', ,,naAa re ce He ebmao 
jyHaKa**, „He sna ee he (Jpoja", ^AaceTase (^eBOJKe) 
Ha cBHjeTy pa^ajio HHJe, hhth te ce poahtb", „Aa ce ne 
3Ha HE CTana he Tpara oa HeBJepna AOnaLera Bpara'' 
(AaHEq., 129.). 

6.) y oApeHHoj peseHNi^N c noAMeTOM. 

Eao mxo y naJBEme naBeAeHEX npflMepa decnoAxeTHEx 
peqeHEiia reHexHB ctoje 8(5or neraitHJe lecTO ersEcreHitEJaji- 
flor EJiE HOAMeTHor HOMEHaxEBa, xaico onex y pe^eflEi^aMa 
c noAiexoM renexEB ys OApe^ne rjiaro^ie npejiasne cxoje Me- 
oxo npeAHexHor anysaxEBa a^EpMaxBBHHx pe^eHEi^a. UpEMepH,. 



y KOM 6h naAeaty Cviar h peq j y h a k a, Aa HHje peneHHua HeraTUBua. 
— y peqeHHaH : «HeMa hhko Aa je 6epe» ae ctojh ya rjaroJ re- 
Heme oa pequ huko aaTo, iiito oea pen He cano HHje noAMer rja- 
rojy HeMa, Hcro h He muhu c H>uMe jeAHy peHCHHuy, seh hao ya 
pe*ieHHuy «Aa je Cepe'* Kao oApenaH noAMex. A rnxo y pe^eHHUH: 
((HeMa a' oBAe y eauiuM 6pAHMa — hj' AesojKa hju yAOBHiia?'^ 
He cTojH reueTHB, Hero oner HOMHHaTHB — AoaasH oxyAa, niTo oba^ 
r.iaroj HeMa a'? ctojh Mecxo nosHXHBHor nHxaH>a HMa a'? 

('; Va oBaj cxafiA>a MHKAomnh h rjaroa : uecxaxH Kao Hera- 
xusaH : ((Xe HccxaAe Me!)' HaMa jynaKa*^, ((qe6aHe HaM HecxaxH 
He MO>Ke», ((BOA© H 3Ao6e HHKaA Hehe necxaxn** (IV, 360.), a 4a~ 
HHMHh — MaH>o yMecHO — CBe npHMepc reneTUBHe ya osaj raaroA 
cxaBAa y peA napxHXHBUHX reuexMBa (Chhx., 92.). 



nPIL403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnOKOFA JE3HKA 39 

Boje heno HaBecTH, 6HpaHH cy TaKBH, a^ J6 y h>hxobhm re- 
HeTHBHua Bp^o Ma^o HJiK HHna^Lo napTHTHBHor 3HaqeH>a('). 
A CBH cy ABojaEH no Toie, niTo: 

a.) FeueTue ^ojiaau Heuocpe^HO ys ueiaTueau upe- 
AOSHU zmizoa: »A* He Aa^xe HH^ecape*', ,^era(5orbHe 
Aafi*, „hht' je mtko SjiaxEe carAeAao*, „HHrAe loraBH- 
^e;iH HHJecMo", „He ycnyo cna Ha oqa" (Mikl., IV, 498.), 
„Bh TpyJHi^e hh bhacjih necxe", „KOH»e Aajie, opyaija 
He AaJTe", „h ja A^aKy npoMHJeHHX, a th lyAH HHsaAa'', 
»He 3Ha jesHKa*" (BomK. 25.), — j»iiope, MapKo, ne opH 
ApyMOBa, Mope, Typi^H, ne ras'ie op an. a**, „aji' HHJecMo, 
(JpaTe, APHJeia^iH, hit H3 pyKy ^aina HcnymTajiH*', „(5ekap 
cnaBa, o^HJy He CKJiana" (AaHHq., 119. — 120.) hta.; 

/J.) FeneTue ^ojiasu uocpe^no ya uezaTuecm upejiaanu 
zjuizoji: Ha OHO, mxo sHa^H peq y reneTHBy, npejiasH paAH>a 
rjiarojia nosHXEBHora, a.iH je oh Besan c r^iarojioii HeraxiiB- 
HHM ; xpe($a Rasaxn Aa je hobhxhbhh rjiaro^i yBes h.sh y hh«h- 
HHTHBy HJiH y caA. Bpeieny ca CBesoM 4a, xe Aa oh xaKo 
Besan aa ApyrH Maro^, neraxHBHH, tohh c Rune jeAHy ae- 
.iHHy, jeAHy npeACxany. TaKO HiaMo: „HeMoj Aanac KpBH 
ywHHXH'', ^CHH qoBJe^JH neia rAJe saMOHHXH rjiane", „Aa- 
AeracnoMHRafta qHHHXH HHJe noxpe^Ho*, „Hete ApyroMe 
BOAe Aa KBapH** (Mikl., IV, 499,) „He Mory cbojhx 
nocJiOBaAa paAe" ; — na xaKO h oHAa, KaA je oa ab^ 
pe^eHHAe, xecHO CKonqane Me^y co6om, caMO npna no o(}4HKy 
OApe^fla, a Apyra ce tyxKe xaEBOM npHsnaje : ^neleni hshL' 
HH HSHHjex' r^iane, — a Eaio jih HSsecxH ^eBOJEe"* (Bora- 
KOBHt., 26.)l'). 



(*) TaKO ce MO}Ke pehu Aa je paAHO 4aHnqHh (cxp. 119.— 12 2.) 
c opjo Majo OACxynaita. 

(*) He AoaasH rcHCTHB Hero aKyaaxHB, — aKo je oa abc peieiiHue, 
lapcTo Mel)y co6om eeaaiie, Apyra noaiiTUBHa, no 3Ha«ieH>y npoTHBiia 
npBOj : oHuKaKBa joj Aapa He hochmo — Hero jeAHy KHiy 6ocHOKa.» 



40 npuaosH 3a CHHTAKcy cpncKorA je3hka 

HanoMeHa. OACTjnaibe oa npaBHAa, Aa npeAMer ne- 
raxHBHHx peqeHHi^a ctojh y reHexHBy — ({HBa oco(5hto OHAa, 
KEA je OH OA saMeHHiia cpoABera poAa: vito, to, oeo, oho. 
TaKo nopeA npHMep&, Ma^o Mac HaBeAOHHx (KOJHua ce lor)' 
AOAaxH h: „a7iH oia Tora h ne cjiyina", „Aa30 nete lora 
HHJeAHora*', A^hhm., 123. h 124.), iMaMO h Apyre, y 
BOJBMa OBe saxoHHiie oerajy y asyaaTHBy, h aso je MaroA 
HeraxHBaH: ^KaA ce ro sapflqe, a^ nixo He mnuM""^ „Ee 3Hani 
HH xo"", „mxo HCKame HspaHJL, oho ne AOfiH'', „Hcnpia BaH 
He Kaaax obo*" (*) (BomE., 26.). Ha laKo aomsh aaysa- 
XHB Mecxo renexHBa ys OApimaae h oa Apymx pe^n: ^Ja 
He cxeKox nape hh A^Hapa, hb saMyatHX na Hore onaHEe**, 
^HeMOJ, MflpEo, Apyro yiHHRXH**, „He boah mh jinjeny 
AJeBOJEj**, „He npoAaJM MaJEy*" (MikL, IV, 600.), ^He 
yApH je^y no rpann, Her' MJiaAy Jany no MaBF", „He 30bh 
3^10, jep caMO MO»e Aotn** (Hob as., 39.). Pasjior oBoj 
yiioxpe6H aEysaxuBa, 6am o6jeExa, y OBaEHH pe^eHUitaMa 
Mome ce, mhcjihmo, bhaoxh y xom, mxo ce oBAe Beta naaLH>a 
o6paka na cany paAfty, Maro^ioM HCEasany, — xe ce npe 
lose MHCJHXH H A^ ce ona Bpmn (^nesoBH sjio'' snaiH: 
„npecxaHH snaxH 3jio*), nero ah a^ ce nopHqe. 

12. reHOXHB 3a OABaja&e (cenapaTHBHH). 

^Uope^e&eH HHAojeBpoacEHX jesBEa HecyM&HBo ce ao- 
anaje a» je aCjiaxHB y 3ajeAHHqK0M jesHEy (Je^eaHo oho, 
OA qera ce neinxo EpexaftOM oAsaja, f.ah OAaE^e ce no^asii, 
pa3AB0JHy xaiEy hjih 6aKBy"(*): EOHEpexno ji,mAe 
JiAA npBo 3HaqcH>e cxapora a6;iax]iBa 6mA0 je oho, Eoje caA 
HHa Ham renexHB, saA ce yApy^RH c npeA^oroM c h^m ca y3 
r^arojie 3a Epexaae. H no xone rjiarojin mxo snaqe OABa- 
jaae, pacxaBAafte, yAa^LaBatte A0<5BBajy ysa ce oaaj npaBH 
a6jiaxHBHH renexHB. A pacnopeA HamHX npHMepa iL^6ojhe 



(') TaKO je H 6e3 noAMexa: <,HeMa HiiniTa hobo." H oeaKo 
c aKyaaTHBOM pen.iH 6hcmo Aa je npaBH.iHHJe. 
(*) Delbruck. «8ynt. Forsch.», IV. 46. 



nPHAOSH 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 41 

Mose (>BTH jAemeH no caimH r^iarojiHia, ys Roje Ao;ia3H osaj 
a($^aTiiB-reHeT]i](, jep thz rjiaro^a HMa pasjin^Hix n no 3Ha- 
qeay h uo <»CTaBy. TaKO as^kab: 

a.) FeneTue uonasyje oho 04 neza ce o^eaja ujiu pa- 
cTMA^a uo4M€T OHix TJiaroAa, ^Hja ocHOBa BHJe 
CAOsefla HH CKaKBHH np6A-AoroH cenapaTHBHor 
SHaqefta; oa r^aro^ia noBpaTHHx, rojh oBaio Ao;ia3e, no- 
ya^aHo ce lory yaexa, bgjih MHOoiraL (IV, 451.), como 
OHH, BOJR Mory HtiH 6 reHeiHBOM H BaA HHcy noBpaTHH (saA 
cy 6ez 8aMeHH^e ce), jep rjiaro^n kojh cy caMo noBpaiHH 
o({htoo HMajy yaa ce reHeiHB hjih AaraB „HenpaBor o(5jeKTa,* 
OBaio AOiiase obh rjiaro^H: kjiohhth ce: ,3a to ce la- 
KOBHJex MJecTa K^one cbh", MaxHyxH ce: ^MaxHH ce 
Tora nocjia", npotH ce, npoxoAHTH ce: „hab, ro- 
cnoAapy, a npo^H ce MJial^Hjex*', Jom ce Hhko ho npo- 
xoAH Bpara**, kpcthth ce: „KpcTH cexH&era**, apa- 
TocHJbaTH ce: „apaTOCHJba;iH ce 6erAyKa'', ((paHHTn 
ce: „Aa ce 6paHHni aiaja oraeHora", BapoBain ce, 
nasHTH ce, ^yBaxH ce: „Tora Aa ce BapyjeMo", „h 
spar ce nasH Eyre*, „MyBaj ce nyniKe ^a^aBHite*; — 
qyBaxH, ca^yBaxH, caxpaHHXH: „/I,a nac ^ysa Kyre 
B MopHJe'', ^caqyBaj le 6o»e, 6HJeAe neBHAOBne*, 
^caxpaHH Me cej eecpele", KypxajiHcaxH (Kora ^era), 
Ji H T p c H T H : ^xe ra jeABa r b o » ^ a ^Hxpoctrrae'', ;i h ra h x h 
{Bora ^era), cjio6oabth: „cjio(5oAH ra s^injex sa- 
cjeAa"*; — h npHAeBH Hcxor h;ih cAaqnor SHaqeaa: cjio- 
6oAaH H qacx: ^cao(5oahb cBaKe cyjeBJepHite*, „h 
^Hc rpHJexa npeBeJiHRa** (Mikl., IV, 452. h 453., 
AaHHq., 105. H 106.); 

6.)reHexHBcenapaxHBBH Ao^iasHyarjiaroAe 
(ipe-^asHe h noBpaxne), cjio»eBe cnpeA^osHia: 
U3y 04, 0, (^, y; H MOAH^HKaMJa rjiaro;icKor saaqeiba, h 
cjiarafte c obhm reneTHBOM — Ao^asM naJBHrne 36or obhx 



42 npiuodii 3A cuHTAKcy CPncKOrA jb3uka 

npeMora. TAarojiH cy obh: H36aBHTH: „H36aBH Me lyKe ne- 
CHJaHCRB'', HsaptiH ce: ^hs^i^sstii ce caiia'', hshLh: 
„AOK H3H^e pyqKa rocnoACKora* (Mikl., IV, 456.), 
— OTpecTH ce: »a a^ BOAy thm HaBpniHM Bamy, Koje ho 
ce oxpecTH He Mory* (/I,aHflq., 105.), oTexH ce, ocjio- 
(JoAHTH ce, ocTajaiH ce, OAysHXHce: „ko te pxex' 
ce pacna xora", ^Aa ce poncxBa ocjio6oah*', „EaKO (5h ce 
rpHja ocxajao**, „ko ce Ayi'a ne OAy»H, xaj ce xyre ne 
oxy»H^ (Mikl., h A*h. ibid); — ocxaxH ce, oKanHXH 
ce, ocxaBHXHce, OApetHce, oAMexHyxH ce, orjiy- 
niHXH ce: „ocxaHH ce, chhko, MexofiaH>a'', „fl,2L ce yMH- 
pHxe H syjiyHa onaHHxe'', j^ro ce ne noKaja e sjia ce He 
ocxaBH", j,ja ce TBora (ipaxa He OApHqei**, „kojh ce 
6Hxy 6ora OAMexHyAH**, ^MnjiOBana neK ce ne oMynie" 
(Mikl., 105., Ji,9,viEn., 107. h 108.), — cnetfHXH ce 
(qera), yK^ionaxHce: „Aace yKJioHH a^ia*" (ibid); — 
ocjio($OAHXH, onpocxHXH (Rao E ropHie ks^aBHXH 
Rora qera): ,Aa ra CMpx My Rax ocjio(5oah", Jepjeqexy 
onpocxHo rpHJexa* (Yeber, „Slovn. hrvat.*', 116.), ^e 
Aa (Jh Hac onpocxHo xe nanacxH** (/l,aHHn., 105.). — H 
aRO He 6am y cneM OBaRo, Rao y OBa ABa OAyqaja, cenapa- 
THBHH renexHB Ao^asH h: 

B.) Ys r./iaro./ie (noBpaxne), rojh snaqe crjpaa? 
H CTU4 : renexHB h OBAe snaqH oho, oa ^era ce OABaja — y 
MHCABMa — noAMex; rjiaroJiH cy: (JojaxH ce, njianiHXH ce^ 
npenanyxH ce, — cpaMHXH ce, cxhabxh ce: „Ko ce 
6ora He 6oJH h Ay ah ne cxhah, 6je»H oa ftera", „He HjianiH 
ce Rpajta IIlHraMaHHHa", „xe ch za ce, cnne, npenanyo", 
„aRO ce H He 6ojhm 6oranjbyAHHe cpaMRM""; xaRO je h ys 
HMeHHi^y c X p a X, xe nopeA npHMepa : „ a Jio ce xpnn 04 c x p a x a 
ropera" HMaMO h: „cBeycxpaxy (Jora Be^iHRora* (Mikl., 
4:58.), npHMep c^iHqan OHHMa, Roje naBeAOCMO na cxp. 17. 3a 
CAjnaj nocecHBHHX renexHBa, nocxa^Hx oa o6jeRXHBHHx. 



nPII403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOTA JE8MKA 



43 



13. ToHeTHB 3a nopel^eibe 

(genctivus compare tionis). 

n ROHnapaxHBHH je reHOTHB nopesjia a($jiaTHBHor(^), 
xe Ao^asH — mbwo cenapaTHBHOM ys rjiaro^e — ys no- 
pe^eHo npHABBB^ a^ noKase npeAiieT, kojh no CBojoj sa- 
KBotH (cBOJCTBy) Hsa HeKor Apyrof 3aocTaje(*). Ajih je oBaj 
reneTHB y naineM jesHKy Bp^io peAaE, xe cy naM npHiepH 
noriiaBHxo y cxapHM KSiHseBHHM cnoMeHHitHMa cpncRo-c;io- 
BencKHM H y cnHcma cxapnx Ay<$poBa^KHX necHEKa; xaRO 

HiaMO: »X0TeH CTA|ltH SUTH, AA SOYA^Tk BbCftXIl ll(b)NTH'', 

„BHAtXk eAUNOY KiiACNtNoiOY ibcftxk AHifeub'', — Jamy 
KOB)e Bjexpa (5p»e", ^CynqaHHiie, cynita Apaata*", '^omx- 
pHJH Maqa* bxa. (Mikl., 460., Jl^EE^.y 130.); — y 
name Ao6a caHO y neciaiia 11. 11. H>eroina II: ^pasBeaa 
je(JoAa C4a(5e CBeae"*, „ax CAo6oAy riiaBe Apa»y*, »^«m6 
jbenme cyB^a, sope h Mjecei^a*" (Aan. 131.). — Aa- 
Bep6fljajiHH ROMnapaxHB AO^asH h rho npocx npoA^or: „npBO 
3ope H (}HJe;ia AanRa" (Mikl., 461.). 

14. reHexHB 3a yspoK (Kay3a.iHH). 

EaysaAHH renexHB (cxapn a^AaxHB) AaRO ce xyia^H h 
^hsboah'' h3 npBor 3Haqe&a a6jiaxHBHor, as ^OABajaiba'': 
OHO, nixo ce OABaja, Home (^hxh Bp^o qecxo nocjiCAHiia onora, 
OA ^era ce OABaja, xe le obo ohoj nocjieAHAH, paARH rjia- 
roACROj, (5hxh „y3poR." Ajih Rao roA nixo BHAecMo Aa ce a(J- 
jiaxHBHH renexHBH sa nopen^io h 3a rpaAHBO AOAHpyjy c npa- 
BHM reHexHBHia, xaRo 6h ce h 3a onaj, Raysa^HH, Mor;io 
HMaxH pasjiora, Aa ce npHApyatH renexHBy ^nenpsBora o(5- 
jeRxa** — c^iH^HO oHOMe, mxo BHAecio RaA caHOCxajiHor aRy- 
3axHBa 3a y3poR, — xe no neRHMa ^br h renexHBy napxH- 
XHBHOM, na AaR^e h najcxapHjeM, nocecHBHOH. Eojihro BMa 



(') DelbrQck, op. cit., 48. 
(*) Mikl.. IV, 4 59. 



44 nPH40311 3A OHHTAKCy CPUOKOFA JE3HKA 

CMHCJia H noipetfe OBaBO HaAOBesHBaibe h reHepa;iH30BaH>6, 
ocTaBJbaHo ApyrHMa Aa Ra^sy, na ce 3aAOB0ji>aBaMO caio ohhh, 
niTo y OMiTe peBOcio jom y no^eTKy o npH^jiHauiBafty h 
jeAHa^eH>y ciapora atfjiaTHBa c HpaBHH refleiHBOM. Obao beio 
<;aMo HaBOCTH pasHe CL/iyiaje KayaajHe ynoipe^e flamera re- 
HCTHBa. EasyjyliH yspos h^h hoboa lesoj paA&K hah crafty, 

HCKaSaHOM 6fiA0 FAarOAOH ($HA0 HHeHOM, OBaj reHBTHB AO- 

AasH saso y pe^eHHiiaMa c noAMeTOi, xaso h y oHHHa 
<5e3 noAMexa, h to: 

a«) 3a yapoK oicaJMCTu hah ohoj ji.'^mwuo] a^esitEJH, 
Koja ce sasyje lAaroAOH oioajiuTu i npHAoroM ^ao; r^a- 
roA je y pe^eHHiiaMa c noAHeTOM, a npHAor y OHHMa (Jes 
noAHexa: „]3ah saAHin MHAe Hajse CBOje?"", „saAetH 
cBojHx BOAeHHi^a", ;9«aAH 6oate TOAHRe MyRe**; — 
„HHJe HH aiao HH ($Aara, BeL mh je sao cpaiiOTe'', ^^TaAa 
MH je »ao (Jpaia 6hao*', „ataAHJe MyBOJBOAe Ypoffla, 
HO o(}aABa Aa H3ry(5H cHHa*; — na thro h ys nmeHHity y 
HOMHHaTHBy mrera ; „niTeTaTora qoBeRa!" (A an., 109., 
110., Mikh, IV, 463.); 

6.) 3a yspoK uy^e^by ujiu ^vs^ewy, RaAa Moae ao- 
AasHTH ABOJaRo: 6e8 ycRAHRa h c ycRAHitHMa: o, ^a, ax, 
HyTo, zjie (cRpaheH sanoB. naqHH oa rAeAaiH); xaRO HMaMo: 

a.) (Je8 ycRAHRfi, RaRo y noAMeiHHM, laRo h y 6ec- 
noAMeTHHM pe^eHHuana (Roje cy noneRaA oa camx reneTiBa): 
„Mhah (}o»e, ^yAa BeAHRora!**, „AparH ({oate, 3RaA0CHa 
AH Aana!*, JeAaH BeAH: „AHJene ^eBOJRe!"**, „bhah 
RftHry, HeqyBeHHx jaAa'/ (BomR., 24., Mikl., 465.), 
„3Aa ROAaqa!", „6a6HHe cpefce!**, ^xemRe MyRe a 
p^ane nAate!*, (Hap. nocA.); — „aA' Aa bhami h 
Apyre HeB0A»e!'', ^lAeAaj naiieTH!'', „cAyniaj ^yAa!'', 
„aA' Aa BHAHffl ^yAa BeAHRora!**, Ja Aa bhahhi ths- 
Aa^e ^eBoJRe!", „bh^h RyqRe KojaAHuoBHite!", 
„na ke BH^ex' RpBaBe Romyjte!" (Mikl., 465.); 



IIPH.I03H 3A ClIIITAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3MKA 45 

/J.) noc^ie ycBJiHKft: ^Ox (JojeBa AOHAe neBH^e- 
EHx!**, „HyTO MOMEa!"., ^rjie TH iberaj'' (Boihk., 24.), 
„o ^Hjene AenoiHAe!", „(5o»e mhm, ah ^JAHa jy- 
HaKa!", Jao Moje mTeie h cpaMOxe!^, „Hyx Cto- 
j a H a, Ao6pa (inftepHJe ! " , ^Hyxo H 6 p e, Ao6pe th je cpete ! ", 
^HyToi(apyBeAHKe HeBOAe!'', „r;iecTparaHBitaBofflKa 
JyroBHLa!** (Mikl., 465.); — Rao rnxo nosasyje ^e- 
cTHita Hyio, y peA obbx npHiepa Mory aoKh h ohh, KOJHMa 
ce He Kaayje npaBO My^eite, nero hoko ynytHBafte, atEB^e 
noBaRHBaH>e: xoje cjiy^aj, saA rcHeiHB AOJiasn noc^e 
^noKasHHx'' npHJiora: eeo^ cto, eno; imo je: „Ebo ^o- 
Besa", ,eBo tb dja**, „eBO nac*, ^exo th laiepe*^ 
(BoniK., 25.), „BaA eno th ^eBoj^Hije rc^e, 6oce, 6e? 
nanyqa", ^eTO itape, jiHJene ^eBOJKe*", „eiio Te6\\ MOJe 
tepH ^axe", „0H0 TH je cTojna laHacTHpa"* (Mikl., 
IV, 465.), „eTo Ha Te OocancKor BeaHpa*" (Mikl., S, 
S., 37.), ^eBo Moje rjiaBe", „eTO noAa a cto KOfta** 
(Hap. noc^i.). — OBaMO, HajnoMe, ^a^ h npnjior, no no- 
crafty rjiarojiCKH, uena: ;9Eto xh Opaxa, hah m h»hm; neKa 
MH CpaTa, HeLy m h»hm" (Mikl., IV, 465.). — Moxa^ 
6e obh npHMepH oa reHeTHB& ys noBasne npH^iore hof^h 
o($pa90BaTH sacetfaH peA ersHcxeniiHJajiHHX reHexHBa, cjinqHHx 
xaBBHH HOMHHaxHBHHa H aKysaxHBHHH xaso^B y pe^eHHi^iMa 
6e3 HOAMexa; 

B.) 3a KABTey u saKAerey : y renexHBy cxoJH oho, ^hmo 
ce Ko aaiMHBe; oh A0.aa3H o6HqHO ys AOAaxaK: tuko mu, 
TttKO Tu: „A xaKo hh cpetna nyxa Mora!**, „Ma xaKO mh 
jaAa CBaBoJHJex", „xaKO mh BHAa o^Hftera!", »xaKo 
TH xe MJiaAOcxH xBojel", „a xaKO xh 6opa ae^e- 
Hora!**, „xaKo mh OBora npHqemta!*; — hjih h 6e^ 
AOAaxKa: „Jecxe, i^ape, AaHamiter nan Aana!*, „He 
OrojaHe, XBora xh jyHamxBa!", ^Kaatn, Klepn, MajqHne 
xn xpaHe!**, ,HHJe, no(Jpo, »BBOxa mh Mora!" (Mikl., IV, 



46 nPH40aH a a cuhtakcv cpncKorA je3hka 

466.); — Taso je h oho h3 o^h^hof CBaRHAamH>er pasro- 
Bopa: „6ora mh]*, „6ora th!*, „cpete mh", ^c;iaBe 
mh!**, ^saKona mh!*, ^oqnjy mh!*, ^Ajme mh!*" hta.; — 
y oaaj poA oexBenHX reneTHBa hao h oho npoR^KBaibe: .ana- 
Texa xe ^aso^ia h H>eroBa Hiena!'', ^apaxoc xh sHpHJe!'' 
(Hap. noM.) HXA- 

15. TeHeTHB sa KHKBOtiy. 

(genetivus qualitatis) 

y peA a($^axHBHHX renexitBa AO^asH h OBaj oco6hxh 
H3A&HaR, (XAHqaH renexHBy-a^^axHBy aa xaxepejy : a^ osHa^H 
KaKBoty (cBojcxBo) HjiH „HeK0 npoAasHO cxaRe*" (*) oHora 
mxo SHa^H Hxe, bomo ce OBaj renexHB AOA^je sao „r;iaBHOJ 
pe^H.*" CynpoxHo, fl,ei.JUie, npaBOi, nocecHBHOi renexHBy, kojh 
66Jie»H HOCHoi^a RasBohe, oBaj a($jiaxHBHH renexHB saayje 
6am xy BasBohy h^h oeo^Hey, a h»6h ce HOCH^ait sasyje ohom 
oaBHOM pe^jy. — H oBaj KBajiHxaxHBHM, Kao roA h noce- 
CHBHH, reHexHB He Home ($hxh oa came HneHHiie, Hero ys fty 
AOJiasH yBeK h sasaB npHAen (sBajiHxaxHBHH) bae h aaHeHma 
Bao axpH(Jyx y renexHBy. TaKO HMaio: »Aji' je PaAe cpiia 
jyHa^Kora*', ^XAJeKOJe HAy h roAa npaxa*", „KpacHa 
XH CH cxaca h yapacxa!*, „a^' a* bhahdi Ilexpa ByKOXHka, 
itpna ($pBa, ORa RpBaBora', »xBOJa Mapa i^pna oxa, 
Ayre Koce, xaHKa 6oKa*, ^(Jjiaatene Ayme qoneK**, 
,AO(Jap jynaK (An h A0(5pe BOJi»e*, „iiBHJex jiHJenora 
MHpHca"(*), ^Ae^HJa CHJOAe (JpaAe ao nojaca**, „3Jie 
je K^iexBe a A0(5pe MOJiHXBe"; — „KaKBe ch Bjepe?*, 



(*: Mikl.. IV. 468. 

(*) Obhm npHMepoM mohccmo noKaaaxH napaae.iHOCx ueY)y KBa.ui- 
TaTHBHHM II tiocecuBHMM reueTHBOM .' auo je y roeopy rjaBHa pen iibu- 
jer, ano ce roBop noMHH>e hochoucm KaKBohe, oHAa ce BejH xaKo: 
((UBHJeT .iHJonora Mupnca*^; aKO ah je — xowe npoTHBHo — 
r.iRBHO cawa KaKBoha, aKo ce H,oMe nomm.e roBop, oHAa ce oe-iH: 
ft.uijenii MiipHc (xora) UBuJexa". 



aPH403KI 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 47 

«AOB caH H ja ($H0 TBora AO^a"", ^oh 6HJame mojhx 
roAHHa* (Mikl., IV, 468., Aa^Hq., 56.). 

HanoMeHa. Ya OBaj RBa^HTaTHBHH rpetfa noHeHyTu u 
onaj, y nameM jesHRy sp^io poTBH, npaBH upe^UKaTueHu 
zeneTue, ^Hjy CJiy»6y, Kao nrro keiio bhaoth, BpmH HHCipy- 
MeiTaji; laRO je oho: „chb je KOftHii, chb je jyHaK (ipaAe** 
(Mikl., IV, 467.). H OBaj h MHorH npiMepn KBajiHiaTHBHor 
reneTHBa („CTapora je KOBa**, „yAe th caM cpete" hta.) 
owTo noKasyjy npoitec, kojbm ce y jesHKy, npoxHBHO aotyit^vl, 
oj aTpi^yTHBHor cjiara&a noise AotiH ao npeAHKaTHBHor('), 
npoi^ec, KOMe roBopHCMO join boa HOMHBaTHBa jeAHO^JiaHHx 
(6ecnoAiieTflHx) poMeMiia. 

16. reneTHB sa HaHHH. 

(genetivus modi) 

A($jiaTHBHor je nopesjia h noaaeAH>H na peAy, aA- 
Bep(JHjaAHH reneTHB, 3a HmuH kojhm Henrro (iaBa. 
Cy^CTaH^Hja;lHOCT je aerosa tojihko oc4a(5HJia, Aa ce h ne 
oceka Bao o($jihr saBBora HMSHa, Hero caHO Bao apuAoz (aA- 
BepaC), cjiH^an ohhm HpHJi03HMa bojh cy H3BeAeHH oco^hthm 
HaeraBi^HMa oa saieHflqBHx ocHOBa. Oh je y rjiaBHOi abo- 
jaB npeHa ochobh, oa Boje je; laBO HiiaHo: 

a.) O4 uMCHUud (no snaMe&y ancTpaBTHHx), 
Boje cy nocTajie nacTaBBOH una ear hua, h Boje ce 
Aanac HHFAe He ynoTpe6ibaBajy sao HMOHHite; Bao o^h^hh 
npH^03H A0^a3e one pe^a: „6o^E}iu^e, ^numnuHe^ sjiapa- 
Aut^e, TidLAHuue, ni^Buue, nipme, vLexoime, npaB^^e, cxpiio- 

TA9LBt^e, XOTHMt^e (Hi XOTlAJtUHe)^ nOHMOHtfe^ (Mikl., IV, 
163.), „BpaAHMI^2^6^ — KpHAHMi^^^g (M. BpHMt^t^e^^ HaBOMi^t^e^ 

OBOM«*«^e, Hacaxi^e^e, E^ymut^e, {uBLjcTuue), HMSLAuue, ne- 
EEAuue, EEHut^e, oneiuue, l\JbomTE^iu^e, uAOUEEuue, noHo- 
]^uue, noxp(5yniM«(e, ni&mut^e, CR03HM«*2^e, cxonpBW2<e, cxpai- 



(*) Mikl., IV, 450. 



48 nPlU03H 3A CUIITAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

nyTui^e, a^iiut^e, Hacyi^c, GynnTme, cjononuue^ ycTonuue^, 

jeABl*^^e" (Mikl., IV, 467,) ; — oBaMO AOAaae h peiM re- 
HexHBH OA npaBHX HM6HKi(a: uujene (jeBTMHo), moAe: „Aro 
CH ce TH maA6 senio'^, 36i4Jbe: Ja caH ce (oa) s^Hibe 
jAaBajwi", na TaKO je h: ^^ceMyqeMjKa naK^eHijex** 
(Mikl., ibid.) h ^raje CTBapH** (AaHH^., 59.); 

6.) O4 upu4eea, HSBeAeHHX HacxaBKOM hcm h 
OBAe yaexflx xaKo^e y ancipaKTHOM cMHc;iy (Aasjie ne 
aa CBOJHHy, neso 9a saRBotiy); TaROHMaHo: Bynne (cxapa 
BA%YbCKii OA BAiybCK'L), AQSReiiKe, EhTjCKe^ viy^Ke, EE^Ke, ny- 
setKC (HHcrpyMeHTaji je ny^ehnu), nojacK^, nono]UKe, noip- 
6ymKe, CT0J«6, crojekfc^, cxpe^HM/f^, TOJa.mKe, H3pyi«e, nao- 
uemne, atMypel^e, ;ie«eli«e (Mikl., IV, 467. h 163.). 

A., A a T M B. 

H aKO AftTHB y peAy ceKyHAapnHx naAeaaa (APyre, oa^e 
•opMan.HJe) ctojh tck na ApyroM MeciyC), no ^yHKAHJaiia 
CBOJHM OH je onex esljCmhsblk oa cbhx ocxajiHX cxapoM, 
HerAa joahhom, „kocom** naAeay — aKysaxHBy. „B[ y cxapn- 
JHH H y HapoAHHM caoMeHHiiHMa AO^asH Ad'THB y3 MaroJie^ 
RoJH ce HHaqe Besyje c aRysaxEBOu : xonxN TeMoy h xo- 
T»TH YbTO H Yeco*(*). Kah aor CO y xyMaqeay roh- 
cxpyRi^HJe H npBo6ixHor 3HaqeH>a npBor naAes^a uia^e 
©opiaiiHJe, renexKBa — jiHHrBHCxH, Rao inxo bhaocmo, ro- 
xoBO ea CBHtt waaty, Aox^e ce obac, A^THBy, H>HXOBa 
MHOLbeiba passjiase h R0Ae6ajy. TaRojoAHH, BebHHOM aoKa- 



(*) fl3ace6Hy rpyny Miine naAc^u. y KOjuMa ce ynoTpe6.i>aBa 
c.!or — bhi», G. Cur tins ((Ziir Chronol. eic", cxp. 78. 

(*) Mikl., IV, 578. — Vnop. h A. ByAH.ioBnha nHaqepx. 
u. c.iae. rpaMM.", cxp. 2G4. 



nPU^OSM 3A CHHTAKCV CPnCKOFA JE3BKA 49 

jOtHCTH, na Meby BHia h MirKJioinflti h AaHH^HLCO^ mhcjib a^ 
je npBoCHTHO 8Ha^eH>e A^THBy — AOEajiHO, a* oh, t. j,, 6e- 
jieatu npeAiex, „KOMe je ynpaB^eHO Kpeiaifce" (*), na OTjAa 
H AHA, mecTO hta. (') ; — Apyra onex OAjinqfiH h npHBHaifl 
HayiHHitH H OBaj hs^a^s CMaxpajy qHexHM rpaMaxH^RHM na- 
Aomeii, oHasHM abza^ sao mxo cy h naAOSH, a^bao nper^e- 
AaHH. no ftHMa J6 A&TiB H y HajpaHHJe Ao6a osnaqaBao 
„;iHii6 HJiH cxBap, Koja exoJH npeia paAftH y HeBOM ah^bm 

OAHOcy AHite, Koje cyAe^iyje y paAftH, x. sb., hhah- 

pesxHH otfjeRax"* (^), h;ih npahe: a&thb oana^aBa „Ajiine 
yAaAeHHJe, HewM AOCXHrnyxo hjih saAemeHo'' (*); jom Apys- 
wje: „AaTHB je naAe» yAaAennjer otfjeKxa^'O h;ih 
caio: ^naAes sora ce xH^e (sa Bora bpbah) oho mxo 
je Hcsasano'' C). He xpe6a MHoro AOBasHBaxn a*'^ je obo 



(') Moaua 6h ce iberofie mnpoKa anaqeiba pe<iH K^a HemTo 
CTyna y CBoay c ohhm mxo OHa (pei y AaxHBy) co6om 3HaiH» (4aHH^. 
flCHHT.» 321.) — Morae paayMexH h y cMHcay npoTHBHOM xyMaieiby 
lOK&jiHOM? Ajh HaM cyMtt>a OAMax oxna^a, k&a noraeAaMO npsMepe, 
Koje HaBOAH : ana OAome CBaKH cbomo ABopy' (ibid.) uxa. 

(*) Mikl.. ibid. 

(') «Die Neigung auf etwas hin», Misteli y .^auap. «Zeit8chr. 
f. VOlkerps. u. Sprachwiss. » , B. X. cxp. 168. h 171. — Ynop. m K. 
Heyse. op. cit., II, cxp. 35. 

(*) A. Schleicher, Litauische Oraram.». Prag, 1856., I, 265. 

{*) O. C u r t i u 8, d Erl&uternngen z. mein. griech. Schulgrarom. '' , 
Prag, 1870., cxp. 174. 

{•) Whitney, aind. Oraram.«*. 91. 

(') awelchem die Aussage giU», Delbruck, nSynt. Forch.», 
IV. 53. H OH ce, Bejiu, cSm, Kao h Hubschiuann, gZur Casuslehre '^ . 
231., KOje6ao: Aa jih ^a npusHa ^axHBy xo ananeibe h.ih oho pa- 
BHje B3Hexo, «die Neigung nul etwas hin^; oa^ naK mhcjih a& je h 
AaxHB ^ucx rpaMaxuMKH na^exc, jep ce oh (y rp^KOM jesHKy), 
KaA je npaBH, ne Besyje hh c kojum npe^aoroM. ~ Cau^no cBHMa 
AOBAe HaBOAenHM necnHMa, h Vogrinz y <|Jahresb. d. Obergymn. zu 
Leitmer. Ih82.», cxp. 22., xoxehii xpory6H ^axHs rpHKora jesHKa Aa 
CBCAe na jeAHy npeodHXuy uAejy, osaKO ynyje: xAaxuB ne hbhoch 
June (bjh cxBap) kbo saxBaheno h npuHyl)eHO raaroacKOM paA- 
H>OM, mxo paAH aHyaaxHB, uero caMo 6eaeHui, KaKO AuueypaAH>H 
y^ecxByje, x. j., oana^aBa Aa je jiane xy (d. h. die Person 

rjACHBK LXIX. 4 



50 nPMA03H 3A CHBTAKCy CPnCKOFA JB8HKA 

„rpaiiaTETOo** Tyia^e&e mape oa ^^lORMHor** (') : Tut^Tbe 
M02B6 otfyxBaxHTH TOTOBO CB6 cjiy^ajo A&T1IBH6 ynoxpe^e. EaA 
ce sase aa »y A&THBy ciojn Hie, Koje 6ejiesH jiHiie imh 
npoAiieTy Bora ce ifiqe r^aroKBa paABa hjih npipoBOBa 
caApsHHa'', oHAa ce THMe y HesojiHso Mory paayiieTft rae 
OTyAa ^HSBecTH'' h c^iy^ajn, saA a&thb 6e^esH : h jinqe, Koje 
y paAftH cyAeJiyje, h ahlhq h;ih upeAieT, eomo ce ynpaBAa 
OHO niTo 3HaqH npipoK, h npeAieT, rojh je hula h bojh je 
yspoE paAftH, H HajaocAe oho, hito Aonyayje Ty paAfty hm, 
6oibe, mro daiie&yje rjiaroji. 

Ajih, h aRO cy CBe aathbho «yHRi^HJe Me^y co^om 6jiHCRe, 
H CBH A&TKBfl HMajy, TaRO peiiH, jeAHo snaqefte sajeASHqRO, 
— onex je no;iosaj OBora naAOsa y peqeHHitH y rjiaBHom 
ABOJaR : h;ih jecjiafinje (cAo6oAH^je) hjih je j a ^ e (TemH>e) 
BesaH c r^aroAOM (npHpoRoi), ya rojh AO^asH (*). IIpBH tf^nse 
OApel^yje, ApyrH AonyH>yje snaqefte npiipoROBo: npBH 
je CAHqan ^caMOcxa^iHOM", Apyrn onex ^saBHCHOM** aRysa- 
xHBy, xe H caH AO^aan y peA, aRo ne 6am ^npaBHX**, oho 
6ap OHHX Hajnoxpe^HHjflx, ^HeupaBHX'' hah uocpeAHHX o6jc- 
Raxa. TaRO a^^-^o h obao, Rao h roa aRysaxHBa, AOAaan: 

I. AaTHB cjLo6oAHvjera nojLOsaja. 

PeRocHO A& jo 3HaqeH>e cbhx AaxHBa aajeAHHqRo, ro- 
xoBO joAHOcxaBHO — x6iiaH»e: paaAHRa^ AftKJie MO^y ftHiia 
He AOJiaaH oa 3HaqeH>a Hero oa yuoxpe6e hah, Rao mxo 
poRocMO, OA noAOKaja, y romo ohh cxoje npeia npHpoRy. 



wird als mitanwesend bezeichnet) . . ." Ho tomc AaTBB HBje casus 
object! (aObject-Casus"), nero oh ucKaayje mra jom Aoaaan — y 
npHpoKy nornyHOM, roxoBOM — nopoA paAH>e, yiecTByjyhH, HBrepecy- 
jyhH ce, npaxehu oho mxo npHpoK 3Ha«iH h Kaayje (ibid. I. 

(*) Bpao Ao6py KpHTHKy joKa.icKor TyMaqeH>a oBora na^^Hca 
BHAU y O. H. Muller-a, op cit., cxp. 37. — 39. 

(*) Curtius, «Erlauterungen etc.*, 147., — HObschmann, 
<,Zur Casiisl.", 214., — Delbruck, <,Synt. Forsch.". 53. ii 54. 



nPIUOSH 3A CHHTAKCy CPDCKOrA JEaHKA 51 

H TaKO, npBH ayqaj, CJio6oAHHJe ynoipetfjbeH ^aTHB 
HMaMO OHAa, RaA je CBesa Hsuel^y Aft^BBa h npHpona Bpjio 
cjia6a, KaA AaRJie oho, mxo SHa^ii peq y A^'THBy, HEBaso 

H6 SaBHCH OA npHpORa, HAH, ApyB^HJe, KaA je „0H0 

mTO 3Haqn npnpoB totobo ($63 HKaKBe BpeAHOCiH sa a&- 
THB."" C) OBa Taso peiiH ^^aKyjixaTHBHa'' ynoxpetfa eaniera 
AaxHBa o6yxBaTa pasAnqne OA($AecKe OHora mnposor, sajeA- 
HH^Kor 3HaqeH»a, Roje poROGMO a& ce 3ob6 xni^afte. TaRO 
HiaMO : 

1. AftTHB C^Haeera HHTepeca. 

npBa oyHRAHJa cJio6oAHora A^THBa caio je a^^o AMe- 
peHilOBafte OHora mxo y MaAOM BHAecMO roa caMocxajiHor 
aRydaxHBa ^^AHsera OAHOca'' : y A^THBy exoJH AHi^e, ROJe 
ce HHxepecyje ohhm mxo snaqn npHpoR, cxoJH npeAiex, Rora 
ce HBiHxo XH^e HAUL Rora paAH ce Hemxo Aoral^a ear 6ma,. 
nomxo je OBO HHTepeeoBafte mnpoRor o6HHa, xo ce Mory 
pasJiHROBaxH OBH cjiyqaJH: 

a.) y AftTHBy cxoJH JiHiieHJiH npeAMex, ROMe 
HAe y KopucT (dativus commodi) hah na mrary (da- 
tiYasincoinmodi)0H0, mxoceRasyje npHpoROH; 
xaRO HMaMO : „TlHH>axy BeAHRy paAOCx cBoj 6patiH'', ,,CBaRH 
€e6H 8aAys((HHy rpaAH'', „hhro ce6H SAOXBopHHJe'', ,,RasH 
npaBO, He 6oj ce xAaBH", „oro My oRy Aodpa He mhcah", 
„Rojece6e 3ao, RaRo Le ApyroM 6hxh Ao6ap?", „Ao6po 
MH je, H 6oAeM ce naAan" (MikL, IV, 601.), »hh SAy 
xe^H, hh Ao6py ocxaBH**, ^cednopem, cefiHCHJem, ce6a 
BAaqHHi, ce6H hem h sH>exH^, ^noraqa ce npHJaxeA>y 
mxeAH* (DivkoY., 40.); 

(J.) y AftTHBy cxoJH HMe OHora ROMe je hah 
^eMy je mxo mum, apujaTuo: „iByAHMa OMHAe BeLna 



(') aund die Bedeutung des Prftdicat ist fur ihn (Dativ) zu- 
Riichat ohne jeden Belang^, H. Hdbschniann, op. cit., 214. 

4* 



52 nPIU03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

Taia Hero BHfljeJio* (Mikl.. IV, 599.), „Jieno je CBaEoie 
mh;io*, „inTO je npaBO h dory je Aparo", ^HCTpaaiyJTe 
niTo je dory yroAHO**, hjih tomc npoxHBHo: ^MpcKO My 6eine 
TO* (BomK., 90.); cjiHTOO je TOien: ^loie can KOH>y 
;iaraxaH* (ibid.); — laKO h ys Maro;i AumnLTHL (ao;ih- 
ROBaTH) H npHAeBe: e^H^an, jeAHas, paBan: ^ciapoj 
(xajbHHH) He JiH^H mro je oa HOBa* (Mikl., IV, 598.),. 
^HHJe npBJiH^HO H a M a*, ,o ^ y je cAnmm (npn^iHqaH) oaBOM* 
„Aa 6yAejeAHaKo le^iy Mane aeroBe*", ^npHMaAan qeny* 
(Boms. 90.), „^0BJeK ^laRoi npH^HqaH jenanieMy Ryp- 
jaRy*, „AJeJia Bama cyHijy paBHa** (Divk., 40.) hta. 

B.) 7 AftTHBy CTOJH AUHHtt saMeHui^a OHora AHqa,^ 
Roje ocetia paAOCT hjih AOcaAy 8($or OHora, hito ce 
Raayje npHpoEoi: jiHite ce HHiepecyje, TaRo peliH, 
c^e^ CBOJHM (dativus ethicus); TaROHMaio: „B;iara 
Mu ce npomeTyje", JecH m mu SApaBO nyTOBao?**, „CHH>y 
MU Mopy Mawa sanaAe!*, JecH a^ mu Aanac y sHBOTy?**, 
^jiHJena tu je!**, „^yAH0 tu ra npeBapH!*" (MikL, IV^ 
602.), ,H»y MU HHTa rpoMOBHHR H;iHJa'', ^cMjepno mu ce 
^dpy noRAOHHHie", »MJea tu Bac Aap AonaAe!", „^yAHa 
TH MU roAHHHita Aot^e!* (Divkov., 41.)(*); — h Hajnocjie: 

r.) y AaTHBy ctojh Aut^e, pa^u KOia je hjih homs 
40Jia3u OBO^ HITO SHaqn n p h p o r ; APyrHM pe^Hia : sa- 
il en h^rh AaTHB 6ejiesH jini^e, Roue ce npnnHcyje r^a* 
rojiCRa paAH>a h;ih rojo neniTO HHa. TaRo AaR^e OBAe Hiiaifo 
ABa cjiy^aja: 

a.) PeqeHH^a Mopa (Jhth (Jea noAMexa, a npH- 
poR je cacTaB^en oa vasltoas, jecaM (Rao cnone) h 
O/f u/H^imuTuea rJiaBHor rjiarojia: obac AaR^e aaie- 



C) C eTu^KHM je cpoAaH H AaTHB : ce6i, ch, ^aje je SHa^eibe 
oa CBHM H36aeAeJO, na ce Aanac u He ynorped j>aBa ; caMo y crapHM 
KfburaMa: o^a cu nor(l))emH^. a^a ch xo^e^ (MikL, IV, 602.), na 
TaKO H OHO xpBaTCKO : a6.iaro ch Te6u, 6aaro ch ra!» (ib. 604.)^ 



nPB408H 3A CHHTAKCy CPIICKOrA JE3HKA 53 

HirqsH AaxHB BpmH cJiyaU^y Jiors^sor noAMexa (^) ; xaso HMaMo: 
,A& j^ M6HH ^letiH na yiipeTH, a^' a^ mu je CMpTH He bh- 
AeW, ^Aa MU y sHaxH, KaneTaH HBane*", „EOMe je nyio- 
BaxH, HHje My sojbe ApHJ^MaTH^, Je ;ih Raso Beqepaiu 
<5aMy* (Mikl., IV, 599. h 600.), ^AajeiedH cxaxE no- 
TJieAaxH** (Mikl., „Sub. Sat.*, 42.), ^a* jih jki* ce MyxoM 
npexBopHXH'', vAa mu HHJe yipHJexH c mnpoM'', „aa ^h tu 
je, naino, nooeAaxH**, „Aa je KOMe norjieAaxH 6hjio'', »»h- 
Bjex' jwy je, aok je Mene Aparo*", ,aKO ra Ay($H, Aax' uaM 
je OBO o6Hi»easje'; — cnoHa nose 6hxb h HsocxaB^eHa: 
„Mpex' MU Aanac hah cjyxpa, bojihm npHJe, o laae rpajoxe" 
(cBe y Aannq., cxp. 359.); — mecxo r^rojia jecaiAO- 
^asH H r^iaro^ 6hxh, h to hjih y HeROM Bpemeny hjih y 
HHMHHXHBy: „Ho MU He 6h yMpHJexH c MBpoM*", „({hx' mu 
(ipaxa H se^exH, na r;iaHfi»e ly He cjeAjexH*, na xaso h: 
„6ht' mu BHaxH Hsry^HXH rjiany', ^snaxH mu h soroxom 
opaxH" (Mikl., IV, 600., Aan., 360.); 

/?•) y ApyroM CAyqajy, x. j., RaA JlH^e y Aa- 
THBy SHaqH uMoot^a, peqeHHita nose 6hxh h c hoa- 
mexom e 6e8 noAiexa; xaRO je: „Horxh cy My, opaxH 
<5h Mor^o*, „ftoJ3H je Hie JeAena*, ^rposHHija My je*, 
,rpHBa My je Ra' je^eny ($paAa", „caA Aa cy mu flfis. ce- 
crpnlia Moja' (losAa OBaMo ba^ n: ,aji' je TypROM roAeia 
HeB'OAa*?); — „ROMe HHje BHJeRa, HHJe My bh ^HJeRa**, 
„Beiia ft EM a oa Ceaa TaAHJe", ,HeJMa xedB Ha paMeny 
pjiaBe* (cBe y Mikl., IV, 599. h DivkoT., 40.). 

2. JJtftTHB aa CBOJHHJ. 

(dativus possessivus) 

Gae^ho no(vieAH>eM OA^^ecRy AaxEBa y niEpeM CMECJiy 
„ROMOAajiHor'', npECBoJBE AaxEB tfe^esB ^Ei^e, ^Eje je 
mxo HAE ROMe npEnaAa oho mxo 3Ha^H pe^, Rojoj ce oh 

{*■) Osa AaKJie KOHCTpyKimJa o^roBapa aaTHBCKOM a&ccus. cum 
iotinitivo.* 



54 nPH^iosM 3A cuHTAKcy crncKorA je3hka 

AOAaje. PasjiHKa je Hsiieljy H»era h noMenyTor KOMOAaJiHor 
y T0M6, mio je h oh, Rao h nocecHBHH reHeTHB, aAHOMH- 
HajiHH, T6 sacryna npscBOJEH npHAOB hjih npscBOJHy aaHe- 
flH^y. y ocxajioM, ynoxpetfa je OBora AaTHBa Aocia orpaHH- 
^ena : qemLa je ($HJia y CTapOM jesHBy, a Aasac je o($H^Ha y 
napoAHEM necMaMa. TaRo Bnaiio: 

a.) AaTHB OA '^UHHux saMenut^a ys hmo, Roje upu- 
aa^a Mmy, H>HMe RasaHOH: ^,110 n^ftCTAiAKHNio s^ata 
MM*, yOn lOiiocTkHAro Mu Bk^^ACTA', j,MHorHXk NH (Han) 
CbrfftuiemiN', ^^OANreik hu^, .cnoAocn hacl ^ecNAAro tu 

n^ftACTOBHNIl', j,W;k OTkVHHA JKt^ X^COBYAA* HTA., — ^CBOiy 

^u je poAy 0MHAe;ia*, ^onaj ^w je 6paT, rojh hi je A0(5py 
paA*, »nayHa nan Hore doAe", „yAPH, fpyjo, ycaxjia tu 
pyRa!**, ;,yMpe Jobo, »a;iocHa My MaJRa!", ,cjeMa ny ce 
saip^io*, „RaA My cecTpn Ranra Aol^e", „iByTHiia BorAan 
H cecTpa My^, »Aao can tu CHHy", »RaA th CTaHem MOAax* 
l^eBojaRa, ne r^eAaj um CRyTa hh pyRaBa, BeL um rjiOAaj 
xoAa H norjieAa", ^^s^aTHa cy j(y Rpa^ia* (Mikl., IV, 609., 
HoBaR., 43.). 

6.) 4iaTHB OA uHenuv,Ay KO^uHa upuuaAa oho, mxo 
SHa^H HMO, ya ROJe one AOJiaae: „To aa^yjie 6ery 
(m. 6eroBe) Myre**, „Hain'o can xe Mopy noA o6ajioM", 
„CBe3a By^H pyRe HaonaaRo", „ho Aa BHAHin jaAy aano- 
^BTRa*, »npeA 6HJe;iy BpaieBHia ApRBy"*, — ,Aa m' oh 
<5yA^ BojcitH npeABOAHTejB, a Typ^HMa cRopH no6jeAHTeji»", 
„RaA je 6h;io noAy y idhphhh", ^l^eBOJRe cy hcroh, a^H 
H qacT RyliH", „cBaROMe s^iy CMpx jo jibjor*', »rojh 
yjiasH Ha Bpaia, jecT nacTHp o Bit a Ma" (Mikl., IV, 606.), 
„BaqeBitH cy Ap^hh na o6ajiH npeMa Ocaxy*', ,0Baj je 
cxapaxeA A^xexy Memxe oiia h MaJRe** (HoBaR., 43.). 

HanoMena. Eao luxo oe b^ab hs obex npHiepa, saj- 
nocAO HaBeAeHHX, AaxHB Mo«e aacxynaxH renexHB h y sna- 
^eH>y ApyK^BJ^M, Hero mxo je nocecHBEo; xaRo ra HHaHO h 



nPH403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPlICKOrA JE3I1KA 01) 

ys npHAeB npHB: ^OBoj je 6yHH HaJBHme KpHB MapamjiH- 
AjiH-nama", Ja can KDHsan 6ory h HapoAy*" (Mikl., 
610. H 611.). 

Jom je Botia napa^ie^Hocx Hamera A&THBa c reHeTHBOM, 
KaA je OH : 

3. Jl^aTHB aa nfijb (•HHaaHH), 

Tniiafte je h OHAa, sra Hue y A&THBy tfe^iexH Mery 
ULAE la^Ky, AO Koje Tpaje KpeTaae. Paa^HKa je h3- 
lel^y MHa^Hor AaiHBa (^npH^e My pyiiH'')H «HHa,iHor re- 
HeTHBa (;,aKO ly Ao^e masft^) — y tomo, idto reHeiHB 
noEasyje ^nocTHrHyrH" ^HA, mh^ho aKysaiHBy ^AOCTHrnyTor 
o^jesxa'*, a a&thb snaqH 6ani npaBH hula, t. j., oho qeiiy 
ce Te»H, OHO, niTO tok HMa Aa ce nocxHrHe. — Me^y thm, 

3Haqebfi[ mHJby «HHa;LHH AftTHB MOSO KadHBaiH H MOCTO, 

Ha Koje ce aohlio BpeTa&eM, na ^B,n h MecTo MHpoBaiBa. Obo 
tie nocjieAH>e y Hamei jesHsy ($hth ocTaxas ^losaxHBHe oyHB- 
ilHJe, Boja ce, Baso sHaiio, A^Bac sasyje JiOKaxHBOM c npeA- 
;i03Hma, h noHMeHi^e ^lOEaxHBOM, bojh ce Aanac no oCAnmj 
jeABa pasjiHRyje oa A^THBa. TaKO A&KJie HMaMo: 

a.) /l,axHB sa Mexy jlah wm, Bone ce xesn: 
^Onpeia ce ABopy (jHje^io.Me", „CB0Joj Rytn He ao- 
XOAO", „orH>Hfflxy ra AOMaMAa*, „He momh hx (Jory 
o^pnyxH'', ^oHa nol^e c npeso Mopa 6 any", „roHH Mapna 
6HJe;iy SBeqany", „xe je majbe 6HJe;iy ByAHMy**, 
^ospeny ra (Ayp^HH) spnaBoj 7a($hhh'', „CBaKa xHi^a 
CBOMe jaxy HAe", ^npHCxynnnie My yqeHHUH aeroBH*, 
^AOB AonaAO BOjiy h l^eBOJBaM'', „h Kyne ce GMHJbaHBtia 
ABopy", „cBe l^OBOJKe seiibH noMeAame", „KaA mh Ana 
cpexHO AOMy Aol^e**, „6p»e a* ch rpaAy ByqHxpny* 
(Mikl., IV, 580.), „HAe YcyAy, A* ra nnxa**, ^aena uol^e 
CBojoj yAaxoj KtepH y uoxoAe**, „Ay<5poBHBKy ny- 
TOBame XHpBo'', ^ypaHH^a cxapa HaJRa CBexoj aprbh na 
jyxpeay* (Divk., 41.); — onaj a^thb AO^asH ya rjiaro^ie 



56 ni>H403H 3 A CRHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JB3HKA 

OBora 3Haq6B»a (HenpejiasHe; sa Bpexafte) h saA cy caosbhh 
c npeA^oroM upu: ^IIpHCTynH h npMHJenH ce THJei ko- 
^iHMa'', ^Aftj MH AHO OA HMafta, mio mu npimaAa'', ^eai 
KpaA xoAa h CBaqcM nparjieAa" (Mikl., IV, 582.), na 
TaKo je H y3 oaroji noBpaTHH xhthth ce: »oh ce xhth 
napai y KeMepe'' (Mikl. 583.); 

($.) AaTHB sa MecTO ya rjiarojie, eojh sHa^e ({h- 
Baae, ain Bp;io pexBo : „EaAJe 6ho nodpaTHMy cbomb*', 
»KaA cy 6hjih 6e;iOM MaHacTHpy*", — ^mrocecjiyTO jiom- 
Hoj TopH D^pHoj*', »OHH cjoAe AftHac TopH UpHoj*', 
„cp^y TH ce Ayxe ryje BH^ie** (Mikl., IV, 580.). 

4' AaTHB sa Hsmepy h yapoK. 

T&qe ce paAH>e r;iaro;iCKe hjIh npHposa h oho, uito 
3Ha^H Haiepy (mjih noc^ieAaR) b yapoE, ca Kora ce He- 
mio Aoral^a h 6HBa. OBa je ^yHBiiHJa Hamera A&THBa y pmb- 
HOH ABOJaBa: 

a.) HaMepy haul oho, paAH qera ce neniTO ao- 
ral^a sasyje 4aTU6 Auune aaMenuue xpeAeza nenoauaTOz 
Auua (lUTo); Taso HMaMo: „^eMy ch ce MMAa yAana^al'', 
„qeMy 6paTa ocxaBH CBojera?", ^^eny 6z xpiia anxa, KaA 
ce He (<H jejia?", „^eMy je CBEJeta EaA Hige oqB?** (Mikl., 
IV, 613., DivkoY. 41.), ^qeiy je 6a6H apitajiol*", ^nrraT* 
ce bhah: je Ji' qeiiy parajal'*, na laEo h oho: ^MexaTH 
Eynyca py^Ky haul Be^epH** (cBe y Bohik., 94.); 

6.) VapoK H;LHpa3;ior, samxoceHeoixoAora^a, 
sasyje ^arue Koia 6tcAo uMeua (o c o 6 h x o uMenuue), EaA 
jexo, Hixo ce Aoral^a — pa40€T, ny^efbe eab 4ue^etbe 
H ao4CMex; xaEo HiiaMo: „PaAyje ce Kao osetJao cyHny*, 
„paAH BameMy Ao6py^,' „jiyA ce A^py Bece^H*, ,xoMy 
PaAe Bpjio saHJi 6ho", — „Koro^ npo^e, CBaK ce ^yAy ^yAH*, 
^saHcxo ce Poch saqyAHme'', „Ma ce xaEBOM uocjiy nyuo 



nPlUOSKI 8A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOTA JB8HKA 57 

AHBHM*, — „euC ce mype Te(Je HacMHJame**, ^pyra^a ce coBa 
^jenmi!", i,iiyM, m th ce ajah h6 (JpjKajy** (Mikl,, IV, 
613. H 614.). 

n. fl,B,TKB aasHOHora nojLosaja. 

T6itaB»6 Mose npebi y cypaAB>y: onaj, Bora ce 
TH^e Hesa paAH>a, h can yjiasH y Hiy. ApJI'hii^ pe^Hia, npH- 
poB, ys BOJH A0.aa3u Heso ne y AftTfley, sasyje paAB»y, y Ro- 
joj (h BaA je pe^eHHi^a c uoAMeTOM, a jom BHme saA je 663 
noAMeTa) AOHeB^ie paAi (»cyAejiyje'') h jiHi^e obhm jiiieHoii sa- 
3aH0. A;lh je OBa cypaA&a y rjiaBHOM ABOJasa — npeiia xove, 
Aa JIB je 411^6, A&THBOM HCBasaHO, noAo6flo sa Betiy hjie 3a 
nasy peasiiBJy. C Tora, h aso ce potobo CBasH saBHCHH 
j^aiHB nose CMaipaTH h sao naAes oflora ;iBiia, soje „cy- 
^e^iyje'' hjih 3a soje ce upHpoBoi Benrro sasyje, b sao na- 
Aes ^yAaAeBBJer'', aenpaBor otfjesTa: onei MOseMO A^^HBe 
c Fjiaro^iOM ja^e Besase pacnopeAHTH Ba ABOje. JeABB 61 
<$fljiB yAeoBB^BB fl^iH JiH^BB, a Apyri A^TBBB Benpa- 
Bora o((jeRTa. YAeoBBWH ce pasjiBByjy oa odjesTHBEBx 
A&TiBa TBie, niTo obb, npBO, saA cy y peqeBHiiaMa ABoqjia- 
HBM, BAy ys TaBBe rjiarojie, bojb Mory ao^btb sa co^om — 
^M AATHBa — B aBysaiBB npaBora o6jeBTa, b A^jvOy k&a 
«y y pe^eBBiiaMa jeAHO^jiaBiM, sacxyuajy noAMex, t. j. Bpme 
ofly Cjiys6y, Bojy 6tL Biiao, a^ cy pe^6BHi(e ABoqjiaBe, bo- 
MBBaTBB; o($jeBTBBBH naB A&TBBB y flesy pysy saiieftyjy asy- 
-saTflBe npaBora o^jesxa, xe rjiarojiB, ys soje obb AO^ase, 
Be Ao6flBajy BBBasBe Apyre oOjeBXBBBe Aonyae. TaBo fl,9kKAe 
BMBMo (no peAy hs npBe rpyue): 

1. Ai^XHB JAeOHHHBH HJUI ^HHHH. 
IIpBH ^SaBBCBB"" A&TBB flaBBaCMO yAeOBB^BBM BJlB 

jiHqBBM saxo, mxo Hie y A^TABy ((e;iesH jiBi^e, Boje Biia 
jAeJia y paAH»B, bjib BOHe AO^asa a^o OBora, mxo sBaqn 



58 aPUAOSU 3 A CHHTAKCy GPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

npHpoR. TjiaroJiH hah npHpoKOBH eacTOJiiH lory 6^h Bpjio 
pasAH^HH, a TaKo h pe^esHi^a nose ((hth c noAMeTOM hjih 
($68 noAMeia. H laso: 

a.) AaTHB sa 4Hite, Boje y^ecTsyje y paAftH, 
AOJiaau y3 r^arojie rojh snaqe: Aaeawe, zoeopephe, 
upeTH>y, 040Aeeaf6e : AaTMB je obab MHqan reneTHBy nenpa- 
Bora o6jeRTa, jep y3 obb rjiarojie nopeA oBora jiH^Hor AaxHBa 
Mose GxajaTHH aBysaTHBnpaBorao^jesTa; TaKOHiiaifo: 

a.) y p&HmuuaMa ^oohjiohum: „0u namava AaA© 
cnaxHjiyBe*, ^HSAaj Hana HoBaKOBHl Fpyjy", ^dokaohh 
Mu a;HBOT Ha leJAaHy'', „BaA ce BpaTH Aa tu hotkob njiaiB"', 
„OHe AB^e pH6e pasAHJejiH CBHiia** (MikL, IV, 583.), 
„6oAtiE ce MTa, a SApaBOMy ce Aaje", „a mbhh, jyHaEy 
TpH Tyre saAajia^, „0Hy AJ'aKy upoAaj KaKBy tforaiy qo- 
BJ^Ky*f »AapoBa MH KHTy iiBHJelia'' (Divkov., 39.); — 
„HAH sasH Mojoj noMaTepH**, „Kao Aa RaMeny ($ecje- 
AHffl", „RHMa ToAop BHiniLa (Jora HasBa" (Mikl., IV, 584,), 
JypBm ch;ihoj bojci^h BHBHy'', ^neHoj Mene bojciih 
npORasaiH*, „6ojbe je Ao6pora c;iyaHTH, nero pl^aBy sa- 
noBHJeAaTH*, ,Te aaoBH cHTHy Ranry nnme*' (Divkov., 
i^-); — »H0 je MeHH aanp'jexH^a BH;ia*, „aRO mu ({pane 
neBaTH, He (Jpane mu njiaRaiH*, — Ja ne Morox 6 pity 
OAOAeTH*", „He Morome ch;ih OAOAexH* (Mikl., IV, 596.); 

/J.) y penenut^oMa je^noHMiHUM, 6e3 r^arojia, ys 
n p H .1 r e : uaj, eeo, exo, uyTo : „ Haj t e (5 h, iiape, cpAawy * , 
„Haj TU npcTBH, MOM^e**, „eBo Te6H Beaena RomyAa", „eBO 
Ban CTpa«e", „eBO Mene, a exo Ban paxa c Typitnia*, 
„Hyxo itapy Be;iHRa neBOAa!* (AaHHqnk, 309.). 

6.) A^THB sa ;iHite, Roje ce npHpoROM yBJia^H 
y paAH>y, cxoJH ys rjiaro^e mxo snaqe o^yauMafheC)] 



C) OsAe BejH MuKJOiuHh : (das nebmen an einem wird ein neh- 
men von ihm ; vrgl. serb. : a> M YS^NyaiO MA CSONXk AM^^ yHTA, 

duS.*, IV, 586. 



npiLioau 3A CMHTAKcy cpncKorA jeshka . 59 

THKO HMaMo: „Heiiy 6^ara, yaeiy My tmbj", ^oxnaca My 
CBHJerAO opyatje*", ,Aa My otmg yxBy s^iaTOKpHjiy" (Div- 
koY., 39.), »H3MaTO My cBHJeTJio opy»je*, ^yK^OHH ce nn- 
jany mo h JiyAy", »ropa D^pHa CKopo mu ce OAieTHyM", 
„rjieAaj BOGby, Je Ji' A^tfe^ia BpaTa, a abboji^h, saBBa joj 
je MaJEa*, „CEpH ce My ahbckh CTapjemHHa" ; — oBaMO HAe 
H ^ocBexHTH ce EOMe* nopeA ^ocBexHTH Eora*, bito Hia 
ea CBHM Apyro dHaqeite; xaBo je: „^a, ce fteiiy AyniHaMH 
He CBexe" (cBe y Mikl. IV, 586.); 

B.) AaTHB npBe h Apyr© JiH^ne saMeHHiie 6e- 
jiesKH JiHi^e Boje ce aafcAUfbe haul Boje 3aKAUH>eMo: 
„0] 6ora Han iiiapHiie MnjiHiie!'', ^laBO Me he 6ora bqae- 
Eora!*, „6ora xedn, l^aEOHOBa Aytfo!*", „oj dora tu, At- 
^arfltia s^aTo*/, „6oroH xe^H, HH;ia cnao Hoja!'', n x. a* 
(AaHHqHL, 359.); 

r.) /l,axHB Bora 6kao HMena 6e.iesH .iHi^e, ^nje 
ce CTane hah pacuoMMefhe Baayje pe^eHHiioM 6e3 
noAMexa(*). Obo JiHite, soMe ce Benixo Aoral^a, cxojh y 
AaxHBy, H y onmxe OBa ce 6ecnoAMexHa BOBCxpyBi^HJa aaj- 
qemiie yooxpetfiaBa OHAa, BaA npHpos 3HaqK xaBBO cxaH>e 
Hamer xe^ia h;ih Ayme, Boje nacxaje 6e3 Hanie Bo.s»e, „6e3 
Hame xoxHMHqne oApeA^e*" (•)• Ahtoh AaxHB oBaEHX peqe- 
HBi^a OAroBapa AaB^e noHHHaxHBy-uoAMexy ABoq^aHHX pe^e- 
HHiia, a;iH HHBaKo HHJe c h>hm jeAHo hcxo. A xo, mxo 3HaqH 
apipoB, Mose 6hxh HCsasaHo: 

a.) TJiaroAHMa uoepaTuuM {n xpnHHM) pasHora 
8 H a ^ e Gb a : „ JeAHaBo j o j ce xobe CBaxoBa'' , „bo BHme HMa, 



(') PasjtHKy H3Mel)y KOHCTpyKaaje 6e3 noAxeTa: ^HlMl noim 
CA*^ H c noAMCTOM: .aott" {nm nacuBHo: ,Hia0l& nOMTl CA'') Mb- 
Kaonmfa bhah y tom, dito npea Kaayje p&Aiby caMO Kao B3pa3 Mora 
AymeBHor craifea, a Apyra paAH>y nao uapaa Moje Bo^e ; npsa ana^n: 
tneBau. jep to OAroBapa momo pacnojo>iceH>y (TaKO can noAemen)", 
— Apyra: cneBaM, jep xohy». Mikl., IV, 589. 

(*) a . . . . bei den von unsererselbstbestimmungunab- 
hftngingen Vorg&ngen der seele und des leibes^ Mikl., IV, 590. 



60 nPHwl03H 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

BHine My ce xohe* (Hap. nocji.)> ^^ohe mu ce'', ^cnasa 
Mu ce**, »He ceAH mu ce"*, »raAH My ce** hta.; — »-I>y- 
THi^H ce Ha HHO H6 Mose"", ^Ma ce M ajiiH hho He Moranie'', 
„Bpajby ce o laae He nope'', „aji' cefteiyMa^o saApH- 
jeMa'', „He sasyje 6a($a BaBo joj ce chhjio'', ^ne mhc^h ce 
Tone Typi^HMa'', „niTo eaM ce mhh?'', „npHBa8a;io mu 
ce"", ^CBaBoie ce CBOje ^hbh Hajjbennie'', „aM ne anaHi, 
2jC tu ce He xaje?**, ^neniTO mu ce Araie h ysAHme'*, „By- 
JHitHceBpM pa»aAH;io" (Mikl., IV, 588.), ^paaajiH ce 
c^iyraMa**, „8a ijapa Majio My ce iiapH* (Mikl., S. S., 
64.); laBO je qaB h oho: ^bo xotie a& My ce bhah, neBa 
HOCH cBujeky HanpHJeAa*" (Mikl., IV, 590.); 

/}.) r;iaroJiHHa neupeAaanuM, bojh snaqe a^eK- 
uujy: „Be\i mu je AOTyaa;io*, »Bek My Aorpl^ejio**, „BaA 
qoBJesy AorycTH*", „BaA ^OBJeBy Aot^e Aorycia*' (Mikl., 
IV, 596.), „OAMax ({h j<y OA^axnyjio*' (Mikl., S. S., 46.), 
„BaA ^oeBy nysne Mel^y o^HMa** (Hap. noc^i.); 

y.) a0emuja ce Basyje upuMzoM h rjiaro^oM 
esse: „MeHH ra je mhjio'', ^sajiHJe ra nana Hero ftHMa'' 
(Mikl., S. S., 67.), „AeBoj^H je Bpjio »ao Aapa"* (Mikl., 
IV, 587.), „TaAa My je »ao 6paTa (Jhjio*, ^paBHo noAe, 
sao MU je Ha xe* (Divk., 40.); theo je jaiaTOo h oho: 
„BpHBo My je*, „MyEa My je*' hta.; 

d.) a^emuja ce K&^jje ycKJiut^uMa: „Jao oh oho, 
Bora»a;ie*, ^aBaJMeHn!" „ByBy MeHHByBaBH^H!'', „TeniBO 
({paiy jeAHOM (Jea Apyrora!* (Mikl., IV, 587), „6mvo 
M8j^H Boja Te poAH^a!* (Hap. necMe), „TeniBO aeiy!*, 
„BaiiH Maji^n!'' (Hap. nocji.). 

2. JItftTHB HenpaBora o6jeBTa. 

/I,0B je yAeoHH^BH h;lh jIH^HH a^thb TaBaB npHpoBOB 
AOAaxaB, ab, rJiaro;i, ys bojh oh AOiiasH (y pe^eRHi^aiia abo- 
q^iaHHM) HOse AO^HBaiH ysa ce h anyaaTHB npaBora o6jeBTa, 



nPIMOSH 3A ClIHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 61 

— Aowe oBaj ApyrH ^saBHCHH*' a^thb nose (Jhth can co- 
60M, TaRo pebn, npaBH otfjesaT, sacTjoajyiiH na Taj naqHH 
06J6KTHBHH aKjsaTHB, OA npH^Hse OHaBO, sao mro to bh- 
A6CM0 y oco^HTOM cjiy^ajy boa reneTHBa ^HonpaBor 
o6jeETa.* C Tora Aa^e nopeA oBora A&THBa HenpaBor 
o6j6BTa He Mose he AOJiasBTH npaBH aBysaTHBHH otfjesaT. 
npeia r^iaroMMR y pe^OHHi^n, bojh Mory 6nTH uoBpaTHH, 
npejia3HH h nenpejiasHH, HMaMO one cjiy^aje: 

a.) /l,aTHB 6e;ie»H oho, hito paayMeMO, m t o /f o- 
snajeMO, qeiiy ce ua4aM0, niTO oiceAUMO, y hito eepyjsMO; 
MecTO r;iaro;ia Mory CTajaTH npHAeBH HCTora hm ana- 
qefta; TaKo Hiaiio: „3ApaB 6o;iecHy ho pasyMHJe*, „tm 
VA&Auy He paa^Hpa*, „OAMa ce je jaAy AOcjeTHJia*, — 
,BefflT je Aopa 6ojy h leJAany*, „MOMqe AyAO, HeBJemTO 
HiHniaHH** (Mikl., IV, 591.) — ^aocjothth ce jaAy*^, 
,3;iOTKajba ce jaAy AOHHHUbame*, „KaEO 6i ce caHKy ao- 
mhcjiho'', „tom ce cbrth HHniTa He cjetaxy" — ^nete itypa 
npocity HH jeAHOMy**, „hjih bojibhi itapcTBy He(5ec- 
Bone, HjiH BOJiHni i^apcTBy aeiiajbCBOHe?'', „boahm 
BHJiH Hero CBOjoj MajuH*, — „HeHaAy ce MaJKa ne 
HaAame"*, „HaAajy ce paTy Ha BpaJHHH*, .HHJe ce tom 
Bojiaqy naAao* (Mikl., IV, 592. h 593.), „BJepoBanie 
HHCMy H pHJe^H, Eojy peqe* (Divk. 40.); 

(J.) AaTHB (SeJieaH jihao, bomo cyAUMO, bomo 

UOMOOfCeMO H KOpUCTUMO, HJIH yAUMO H VAKOAUMO, BOM 6 

CMO naKJumenUy bo Me ce uoKopaeaMO h cJiyotcuMo; TaRO 
HMaMo: „CyAH naMa, qecTHTH cyAHJa**, ^ne cyAHTe, Aa BaM 
ce He cyAH*" (Mikl., IV, 592.) „pyEa py^H cyAH* (Hap. 
n c Ji.) ; HOMoiiH b o m e (hcto hito h uomoLh b o r a) : ^mhjih 
6oae, noMosH CBaBOMe, cbrbom 6paTy h Ao6py jy- 
HaBy** (Hap.necMe), ^homosh caM cedn", — „He npHJa 
MH SApaBAe* (Divk., 40.) ^toahbo mh sJioTBop naBocTHo", 
,H0 TypqHHy HHHiTa HenayAH*, „a KaA 6aHy Myna ao- 



62 nPU^03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3UKA 

caAH^ia*, „Kojoj OBitH CBOje pjHO CMeia*, ^EHAHnie joj*, 
„OHAa JM^ ($paiia no^Ey dAoinnB'', „ro 3jihm onpamTa, ao- 

6pHM niROAH*, ^BOJlHH A^ MU SaBHAO, HOrO Aft M6 XSJiQ^ ^ 

„OHa My ce ciaHe yMH^aBaTH'', »kojh ee komg yjiaryje*, 
^Kaso by TH Maji^H yroBexn'', ^nosopn ce MaxHHxy Kao 
H cBeTy", „cjiy»HTH KOMy**, ^cajtrhl H>H]ia AHJexe Fpy- 
jH^a« HTA. (MikL, 594. h 595., Aannq., 336— 341.)('); 

B.) /l,aTHB 6ejiesH jiei(6, Koje moaumo hjih Bone 
ce Kyueuo: „Mo;ih Ban ce senHKOBa laJBa*, „aok c' flry- 
MaH 6ory aomo^iho^ (nose AoiiH h aKysaTHB MecTO A&THBa: 
„H xoty ce 6aHa saMO^HTH*), — ^HcnyHH, niTO ch ce 6ory 
8aR;ieo*, — na laKO je h: „no3ApaBH ce ApHoropcKOM 
KHesy*' (MikL, IV, 597.); 

r.) AaxHB ({ejie»H cTBap, Kao npeAMex r;ia- 
ro^HMa: yuuxu ce h naeuKu ce: „HeBOAa CBaqeMy(*) ^o- 
BeEa Hay^H*^, ^oa cmokbo Haywie ce npB^H*', „oh fee Bac 
HayqHTH CBeiy", Jep cy cbojhm npHBHK^H ropaMa*', 
„HHJe OH BHqan TOMy*" (MikL, IV, 604.). 

He no 3Ha^eH>y, KOJe je y CBaKora A^THBa totobo jeAHo 
HCTO (TH^afte h;ih cypaAfta), Hero no no^ioaKajy y oco(Jh- 
Toj peieHHqnoj KOHcxpyKiiHJH — paa^iHian je h ApyKMJH oa 
cbhx ao caAa : 

GaH^HO ApyroM (noAyAapHOM) aKyaaiBBy, npeAKRaTHB- 
HOM, H OBaj ApyrH AftTHB CTOJH y peqeHHi<H Kao ApyrM npH- 
poK, Te je pa3;iHqaH oa onnx A^THBa, Koje bhaocmo y pe- 



(') npeMa CBOMe anaMeiby, oaaMo HAy, peuaH Cucmo — aKO OB^e 
HHje cjyqaj «6.iHwer UHrepeca" — h AaTHBH ya npuAese : iiHao- 
CTUB, noKopaa, Aywau: «MHaocTHB 6yAH mchh rpeniHOMe", 
(coa heMo tu 6hth noKopsH, nociymHH*, «Ay>KaH, Kpna 6hth komc 
H*uf qeMy» hta (Bouik., 90.). 

(*) Oaaj AaxHB BpaiH c-iy«6y Apyror o6jeKTHBHor anyaaTHBa. 



nPHwl03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPriCKOlA JB3HKA 63 

qeHHitaMa (Sea noAHeTa, taq Bpine My»(Jy, A^THBy MacTHiy, 
(SejiemebH Afivifi, soje ce HHTcpecyje, hah Boje HHa Ae^a y 
OEOM, mio sEa^H npHpos; h OBaj ce a^thb mo^kb nasBaTH 
npeAHKaTHBHHM, 3aT0, niTO je HeHSociaBaH cacTojas npH- 
posy joAHO^JiaHHx pe^eHHi^a. A npoAHKaTHBEH je a&thb gah- 
qaH TaBBOM asysaTHBy no TOMe, ihto h oh, sao h Apyi'^t 
laso 3BaHH „noAyA&pHH', aRyaaTHB ctojh npeiia npBOH hah 
^nenoAyAftpHOM" A^THBy sao npHpoK npeiia noAMexy: KaA 
6h ce pe^eHRAa jeAHO^AaHa oBpeeyAa y ABo^Aany, npBH 6n 
ce A»THB saMeHHO HOMHHaTfiBOM-noAMeToii, a ApyrH — homh- 

HaTHBOK APyrHM, npeAHKaTHBHHM. 7 OCTBAOM, npeAHBaTHBHH 

je AaTHB y nanieii jesHKy BpAo peAaK, h iio»e (Jhth: 

1. OcxaTaK cxapor ^apTH^H^HO^ caMOCTaAuoz 
4aTuea, BpAO qecior y cxapoM caob. je3HKy(*) h y cnoMe- 
HHUHMa cpn.-CAOBeHCBe RH»HseBH0CTH ; A^Hac oh HHje BBme 
naAoa, Hero npHAor (rAaroACM): ^TeniKO Bysy HejeAy^H 
Meca, H jyHaKy He HHjyliH BHHa!* (Hap. nocA.), »TeniKO 
TypKOM TpryjyLH cMapKOM!" (ibid.); »h xaso ona (ne- 
iieA>yra) Hsiiel^y HapoAa npoBAaqetiHce H^jeseLn, 
HCKaKO joj cnaAHe nanyqa* (Hap. npnn., 162.), ^KpnaBe 
HM ca6A»e noAHJeLy, CHJeKyliH Aapene coAAaie** (Mikl., 
IV, 829); 

2. HxeHCBH Aftl'IfB C HHOHHHTHBOH TAarOAa 

6uTu CTOJH Kao Apyzu, Ao^auu upupon: „BoAe je h pa- 



(') MuKaoiUHh (op. cit., IV, 61.) no6uja MHni^eH>e, no komo 
6h caoBOHOKH fldativus absolutus* noTOKao h3 rpHKor jesHh-a, na ce sa 
AOKaa opn))HHajHOCTH Tora naAe»;a nosHea nopeA ocTaaux h na ;ipyre 
cjoBOHCKHMa cpojiHe jeauKe, K04 kojhx oe He mohco bh MHcanrH 
Ha rp'iKH yxHiiaj. Eso npuMepS, KanaB je 6ho npaRH caMOCTajiHu 
AaTUB y HameM CTapoM kh>h)k. jesHKy : aCkSO^O^ SUTH NORtXt*^, 
alirOSt SlXrOCIOBNCHO SyTM HMOY K^AAIO BkC€ CN« A^k»aKt% 
«SUCTk mOYHH, KIKO aOAKNSaTN C6 HtCTOr» (4 an., 360.); — 
(tSVCTl M AOUVCAIinTAHIb CA NHl", aCHHl CHI|6 TBO^H- 
UOMl r^AI^ TflACftAMt €A», «IIOI(At RVBIMIO*, anpNCT^AMkNAUl 
K6 BUBimaUl KMl N IIONJIORHMAU'L AHI|6 pWtt^ (Mikl., 1V\ 615.). 



64 IIPU408M 8 A GHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JB3HKA 

fteny, Hero no CBe ydHjeny ((Jhth)*, „y oho Bpeiie Jiacna 
je (Jhth qyAOTBopity*', ^mia ra CMexa 6hth (Jjiarono- 
^ly^ny?**, ^a;iH My Hajnpije xpeda nocrpaAaM h okphb- 
Aeny 6hth oa poAa CBOjera* (AaHH^. 361.). 

/B., yi K a T N B. 

(ffGKa3aTe^HU>^ = 7. na^em -= (cnpe^JO^KHH^ Han ((MeoHH^) 

OBaj npaBH „;iota;iHH* flaAe» roTOBO je ca cbhm Hm^e- 
sao y HameM jesHicy Rao aacetfan BMencBH o($jibr (6e3 npeA- 
jiora), K mTO ra je saocxa^io^ He CMaxpa ce Rao naAes, a 
c npeA^oroM RaA je, oho nixo soBeMO ;iORaxHB, A^'Hac je ynpaBa 
AaxHB y npeae^iBRe BehHHe Hanmx HMena. HmqesaBaiby xoMe 
yspoR je H HeoAOJbUBa CHJia «opMajiHor jeAHaqe&a ;iORaxHBa 
c AftXHBOM('), H «yHRiiHOHa;iHa 6;iHCROcx ;iORa;iHora naAesa. 
RaRO c AstxHBOM (sa ufij^ H Hecxo), xaRO H c renexEBOM (sa 
HKJb H Bpeie) H MHCxpyMCHxaJiOM (3a BpeMe h HaqHH). IIoh- 
Meni^e BHAecMo roa oHHajiHor A^XHBa RaRO ce ca sna^eiba aa. 
HEJb MJiH lecxo, Roje xpe6a Aft ce AOcxorHe, ^aRO Mose npeiiH 



(^) y caMOM OT. (MOB. joKaTBB jOAHMHe HueHCKe AeR4MBami;e 
npBo6MTBO je paaasqaR 04 AaxHBa caiio 7 ocHoaft ua y; pasjuque 
o6jkiiKe: pABt (JOK.) u pas Of UaruB) oa ochob& aa KpaxKO a cboah 
jlecKHB (aDie Declinat.^ etc. 58.)Ha jedaH cTapuju : past, rsp. la^^t^ 
= varkai h yurkdi), nao ioto cy Ta Aaa na4e»a jeAuaKa h y ocTainx 
ocHoaa : aa Ayro a, Ha u h na cyzAOcnuK. Y HameM jesHKy He oaMO 
niTO je JOKaTMB jeAHHue ca cbhh HajeAHaqen (no nacraBKy) c AaTHBOU 
jeAHHHe uMOHCKe AeKAHHaauje, Hero ce oh h y hhohchhh HneHCRe, h 
y jeAHHHH H y mhohchhh saiieHii^Ke h cjioHtene CKOHHA^e jom oa^bho 
(AaHHH., aHcT. o6jHKa», 49., 137. hta.) no^eo jeAHa^iHTH c AaxH- 
BOH (rsp. HHCTpyMOHTajiOM) MHOHCHHe H joAHUHe, H Aocoeo Aorae, Aa 
cc Aaaac y mhohchhh HHjeAHe AenaHHaaHje UHqHM oa H>era He paa- 
aHicyje; y joahhhh aaMen. h oaoHtene AeKaHnaHHJe paaauKa je h3- 
Mel)y OBa ABa naAeHca Tano HesnaTHa h ToaBKo u3ry6j>eHa, Aa ce o 
H>oj He BOAH panyn hh y HajHBCTHJHM KpajeaBMa namera HapoAa. Paa- 
jHKa naK Mei)y AaTHBOM h aoKaTHBOM jeABune uMCHCKe AeKJHHaHHje 
no aKUCHTy (rpaAy h rp^Ay, boah h b6ah hta.) — HHje npao- 
6HTHa, Hero Aoaaaa aCor npeAaora, h y pycKOM nop. jeaHKy aeiia je 
HHKahO (Lesk., ib., 50.). 



nPHwlOSH 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrX JE8HKA 65 

Ha 3Ha?eB>e canora xecTa hjih npocTopa, sa romb ce Hemxo 
6aBH, a y GT. c40b. jesHsy Hajqembn je 6am ;iORaTHB sa xe- 
CTO, Kora ce AOTHqe waro^CKa paAtta(*). /[.OAaJMO join no- 
SHaTH oanai^ a^ ce cbh hobe jesHi^H (a to je 6111AO h y cxa- 
pHx) cBe qemtie c^iyse h noMamy npeA^osHMa, oco6hto saA 
ce xotie nrro npeitHSHHJe a& osHaqi MecTo h^ih Taqsa y npo- 
CTopy(*), na leio h y tom BHAexH jeAan oa ohhx ynyxap- 
ftHX paa.iora, kojh yqHHHine ab. ce ynoxpeda ;ioKajiHor na- 
Aesa CBe BHme cy^saBa h nocxyuHO HinqesaBa. IIpeAajytiK 
CBOJe ©yHKiiHJe noMeHyxHM naAe»HMa (AaxHBy, renexKBy h 
HHCxpyMBHxa^y), nani je HeKaAaaH ^oKaxHB 6ez npeA^ora 
Hajnooae nocxao jesHRy cyBnniaH('), h caio Han ocxaBHO 
HORe CBOje xparoBe, — xaRo a«^ RaateMo : ;ioRaxflBHe nexpe- 



(*) Mikl., IV. 639.-648. 

(*) Ynop. OHO, mxo he 6hth Kaaano koa npoceKyxHBHor mh- 
cxpyMeHTaaa. 

(') Obhm ce HHKaKO He tbp4h 4a je 4auainH>H HaM jeaiiK y 
OBOM cay^ajy (Kao hh y 4pyroif), H3ry6HBiiuf je^aH 3ace6aH o6*iifK 

HMeHCKH, nOCTaO CHpOMaOlHHJU 3a UCKa3UBaH>e paSHOBpCHHX 04Hoca 

OBEX npe4CTaBa, mxo 40Ja3e y o6.iacx roBopHor npe4CxaB4>aH>a. Ha- 
npoxHB, y HCxopBJB 4>y4CKora jesRKa, Kao oixo Be.ui noxe6H>a (alids 
sanBC. no p. rpaMM.», I crp, 70.; ynop. a Curt., (,Zur Ghronol.» etc. 
crp. 13.), — «ueMa Haryd.beuor paja*, Hena ona4aH>a, Hero Cam 
aacxaje nenpecxano pacxeuie h pasBHjaHbe hobux o6.iHKa (h aKO ue 
roacoBHHX], 4a ce mxo xa«iHuje safieaeme onaHcene paa.iuKe y 3Ha- 
^eH>y cxapHJHx hm npexo4UHKa, 4a ce mxo npemiauHje odeaen^e rpa- 
Hune ibBXOBOj ynoxpe^H. Oxapaibe u ry6.f>eH>e noje4HHHx o6aHKa cxa- 
pBjera jeaHKOBHor cxaH>a He snauH 4a je cMaH>eu h 6poj o6juRa h4H, 
6o4>e, 6poj 4>yHKnuj& HeKa4aii>HX o64HKa: anaHCHia uau 4>yHKiiHje 
sKHBe H 4a4>e h 6ea napouHxe hm r-iacoBue 4>yCKe. IIIxo je Behu paa- 
BBxaK qoBOKOBor y&fa, xo he My cbo MaH>e 6bxh noxpe6HH raacosHH 
ejeMeaxB h4h Maxepaja.iHa cpe4CXBa, 4a CBoje mhcih oxeaemasa, 4a 
HX o6jeKXHByje, h o6pHyxo, «mxo je cja6Hja eHepruja ^OBenoeor MHm- 
j»eH»a, xo joj je cae BHme noxpe6aH rjac, Kao cno.bUH ocaonan.^ 
Mel)y xuM, nao ro4 mxo o6pa30BaH HOBen ca CBe sehoM uanpexKOM 
J ^HxaH>y CBe MaH>e naan na noje4HHa caosa y KH>HaH, a jom Mau>e 
H HHKaKO BX HO H3roBapa raacHO, Hero mixa pe^uMa, na naK b pe- 
AOBBMa, — xaKO ce bcxo h eneprHJa HOBOKOBor MHm4>eiba cbo Bnme 
cy jeaBKy yBOhaBa, a xaKO naM o6jamH>aBa oay neMapnocx y ^yBaH>y 
npel)amH>er raacoBHor cacxana pe^A'', A. IIoxe^Hii, op. cit., 76. 

r^4CHBK LXIX. 5 



66 



nPIMOdU 3A CUHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 



oasTe. Sna^efte obex JioEaTHsa-peqi^ft y r^aBHOM je ABOJaBo: 
saiiecTOHsaBpeMe; y npBOM cjiyqajy AOJiase h sao 
npH^iosH H sao npoA-AosH, — y kpjtoh caMO Bao npn- 
J10 8H. To cy noHxeHite OBe pe^H: 

a.) 3a xecTo: AftHamBH uptuiosu: rope (cr. gjiob. 
roft) H A04e (Aoat), — h upe^Msu: Bpxy, ne^y, 
xemie (Aanac o6EqHHJe xecTo), cpeAK h cpeA (cr. cjiob. 
cfitAt fl cftA^); TaEBH cy h cjiosbhe upe^AOsu: no<- 
cpeA, ycpeA, nacpeA, — oaaAH, osaA (ct. m. npocro 
;AAii); xecTO CTapor jioRaTEBHor nhi^oy Hxaxo Boxnapa- 
TEBHO HEse, a xecTO crapora Kfiout Exaxo e Bpox — 
CTapfljeEpoxe (,Kf oue so/iae ifA^se', ^spoxe EayEe'', 
AaBEq., 207.) — e BOBBJe OEpox; ynop. xMikL, IV, 
162. E 636. 

6.) 3a Bpexe: A^HaniftE upuAoau: sexe, jiote, 

OflOBe^epE (ONOMk BtYtft), OflOXaAHe (ONOUb 

AUie) E CRpa&eflO OEOxaA, eotok, ahbbe e eoIlE (j^xpy- 
AEO ce E AHeBE E boIe*, ,xa 6oj (JEJy e AHeBE x 
eoLe'', „668 npecTasBa e Boby e ahobe*, e ,($e3 npe- 
cxasBa E A^H^y E BotiE''), sexe (^tfjesaTE sexe'), ;i6th 
(»B0 A GTE ropE, 8 EXE TOAB* ; TaKO E y npEXcpy: »Ja- 
roAajeceAXOx agth (JEJia*), jeceBE („Aa A^jy JBc^he 

nOSpOBB''), — WANOMk A^H^y ^laflB E AaflE, OflOX 

jiafle E OBOX JiaBfl; — obab craBJbaxo e npE^iore sa 
fla^EB: jaBE (ct. cji. nxt = oiBopeflo, jaBBO, sao) e 
roAep (roABJep) e;ie toa (ct. cjiob. roAt), Koje bo 
AOJiaBB cdxo, Bero y8 Apyre npBJiore (sa Bpexe b xecTo) 
B 8axeBBite: tab toa, saA roA, syA koa, KaKO roA, 
BO roA, BiTO roA, bojb toa h t. a- (HpExepE cy es 
Mikl., IV, 650.). 



nPIubSH 3A CHHTAKCy CPHCKOrA JE3HKA 67 

E., HHCTpyMBHTa;!. 

(cTBOpHTOAHH'^ = 6. naAe>K s= aOpyABH»)(^). 

Oho idto bhabcmo eoa reeeTHBa speAH jom BHine 8 a 
HHcrpymeHTaji, jep je h obao jeAan Hcrop&CRH o6ahk npH- 
MHO Ha ce H ftyHRiinje ApyrH^y hb jesHEa nnraes^iHX otfjiHsa; 
HHCTpymeHTaji je ynpaso Tpocrpys naAes: oh je coiiiHJa- 
THB (aoBy ra h ^ROMBTaTHB''), HHCTpyxeHTa^ h npo- 
cesyTHB. Hs nayRe o otfjSHi^HMa Aoanajeiio ABa nacTaBRa 
(a H hM) H no tomo ABe npBe CTpane OBora naAesa, a no 
^npocoRyTHBy'' neRHx ApyrHx HeapHojeBponcRix jesHRa na- 
ra^aMO h ersHcreHiiiHJy Tpetie, npoceRyTHBHe, CTpane apHO- 
jeBponcRor HHcrpyMeHTajia (*). Gbo xpn obo crpane (HORaAa 
jaMa^HO TpH sace^Ha otf^iHRa) bhahmo h y Hamex jesHRy rojh 
ce y OBOM norjieAy Haj6ojbe xose nopeAHTH c apScRHM jesH- 
ilHMa, a HOcedRi^e OAroBapa HHcrpyHeHTajiy crapor HHAficRor 
jesHRaC). He Tpeda MHoro ymoBa&a, a& ce npona^e cnona, 
Roja je CBa Tpn OBa naAOsa Morjia CRonqaBaxH y jeAHO, xe 
HaasHBaxH npexanafte h npenonieibe cbhx oyHRiiHJa na joAas 
ease o6ji]ir: to je ^nojaM npaTH»e, rojh Rao Aftje^Ho 

OCHOBH 6B0J TpOJHI^H^ (^). AjlH CO fie CJia^y CBH Sa TO HOSBaHH 

jiHHrBHCTH y HHTa&y 6aRBH H^iH «npBo6HTHOM'' SHa^esy 
OBora xporytfor naAesa. AoR^e ce jeAHBMa — h hhrox ao- 
niHJeM Hero A^-Hnqnly h MiR^iofflHliy — najsroAHnje ^hhh 
no^asHTH OA ^npoceRyTHBa" h;ih yseTH ^npocTopno*' sna^efte 



(') no caseTy r. J. EomKOBuha, kojh ]e oBaj cacTas nperaeAao 
H oaeibHBao, npe^-saHceMO pe^ aopy^HH" Rao topmhh sa HHCTpyMea- 
Taa yMOCTO npao npoA^oxieHora dApymTBOHH.* K>eHoj ce eTHMoaorHjii 
Hena mxa aaMepuTH, jep «opyAHH» ctojh npeifa peiH aopyl)e» (hh- 
CTpyMOHaT) Kao aycpAHH^ npeiia pe«iHMa aycpi)e^ u aHHaocp])e.'* C Tora 
R aKo Hoaa h Heo6uHHa, ona je 6o^a oa pe<iH «ApyinTBeHH>, Koja 
6h BeAOBOwbHO H BOTa^HO 6eje}KHaa nHCTpyMeBrajHe ♦yBKiiHje. 

(^) Hubschmann, a^ur Casuslehre', 254. 

(') A OA jeaponoKHX aHTaacKOM h ^otckom HHCTp., Mikl., IV, 683. 

(^) Habsohmann, ibid., h DelbrQck, <xAblat. loc. instr.^, cTp. 53. 

5* 



68 nPH^oau sa cinrrAKcy cpncKorA jeshka 

Rao HHCTpyMeHTajiy npBodHTHO h ^ochobho", — aotjig ApyrH, 
Rao A^ji6pHB('), Tone npoTHBHO, OA naAesa ^coi^HjaTiBHor'' 
HJiH 3a ^sajeAHHity'' isBOAe h npaBH ^HHCxpyiieHTaji* haul 
naAets sa ^opy^'', h^h 6ap, Rao IIoTed&a, MHc^e a^ ce 
pasHO^HRe oyHRKHJe namera HHCTpyiieHTa^a Mopajy hbboahth 
yHR ABa npBO($]iTHa naAesa: h MecHor h coi^HJaTHB- 
Hor'(*). C Tora, ocraBAajykH HepacnpaajbeBO nHTaae: rojh 
je OA OBa ABa npBotfUTHa nrAOsa ^npBo^RTHirJH'', h SHa- 
jyiiH A& HOiia Be;iflR6 RopncTH HHRaRaB roBop o .ochobhrm^ 
8Ha^6B>HMa Rora 6hjio naAOsa, — npe^iasHHO Ha pacnopeA 
pasHOJiHRHx 4^yHRi][0Ja Hamera HHCTpyieHTajia npeMa MRTHq- 
HOH CTa&y AaHam&er Hax jesHRa. 

3aT0, niTo je 3HaqeH»e ^sajeAHHita" viae ^ApynixBo'' niHpe 
OA SHaqeaa „MecTO* h;ih ^a^o npocTopa"*, ea ROMe ce BpmH 
HeRa paAH>a, najnpe cxaBjibaiio coi^HJaTHBHy, na 3a &0M 
leR npoceRyTHBHy «yHRi(HJy namera HHCTpyiieHTa;ia(*). 
OAMax 3a ApyrBM Tpe6a Aa Aot^e xpeLe 3HaqeBe: 3a Bpeiie, 
Rao H>eroB Haj6;iHSH anajioroH (^). %TBpT0 mocto npHnaAa 
npaBOM „ HHCTpyMeHTajiy'' h;ih naAeaty 3a opyt^e, rojh ce 

MO»e H3B0AHTH H H3 HpBOr 3a ^ApyDITBO* (OHO „C ^HMB Ce 

fleniTO paAH" Bp;io je 6;ihcro OHOMe ,^HMe ce neniTo paAH*) 



(*) Delbruck, op. cit., CTp. 50., na kojh ce cnac oh noanea y 
CBOjuH «8yntact. Forschung.", IV, cxp. 57. «04 coaHjaxHBHor oe, Kaxce, 
jaKO npewia3H Ha na^en; uHCTpyMeuTaauu (aa opyl)e), jep je cpeACTBO 
OHO, c HHMe y CBesH spmHiio HCKy pa4H>y.» 

(') noTe6H,a, (jHat sanHC. no p. rpaMM.», II, crp. 413. 

(') He3ro4HO je noiexH c npocxopHHM 3aa«!eH>eM h aaxo*, mro 
6h He40CJe4H0 6h.io KsapHTH peA ocxa^HX <i>yHKnuja, Koje sa h>hh 
Aoaaae, jep 6h, nnp., Aa coanjaxHE AoJ)e uocje npoceKyxHsa, epe- 
MeHCKo 3Ha'4eH>e 6hjo pacxaB.i>eHO oa npocxopHor, aa KOje uaM je 
Bpjo jacHO A a My cay}KH Kao npoxoxHn ; hcxo xaKO h jom rope 6h 
6uAo: coiiHjaxHBHO UAH 3Ha^eu>e 3a ApynixBO h npaxiby cxaBA>axH 
nocje 3Ha^e»>a 3a opy})e ujih Kora Apyror, jom AaA>er. 

(*) JeAHO ce ApyrHM 3aMeH>yje : npene ce 6eje>KH npocxopHHM, 
a Mecxo H npocxop BpeMencKHM jeAHHHuaMa; KOHnpexHH, npocxopuH 
snanH na nacoBHu^KOM KBaApanxy CeAeme BpeMe, a Qcax xoAa* na- 
3yje npocxopny AaA>HHy. 



nPiUOSH 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 69 

H H3 Apyror 3a HecToC). IleTo je SHaqeae caio ji,B,jbe ah- 
«epeHitOBa&6 ^eTBpTora: eneprnqEH vlae ^HHCTpyiieHTaji 
ys nacHBHe TJiarojie'' H3Jia8H HenocpoAHO h3 npaBora HHcxpy- 
MOHTajia, a HHRaEo h3 npoceRyxHEHor, nao mxo mhcjih /l,a- 
hh^hI (CHHTaEca, 671.). Ha niecTo MecTO Ao^asH ^HHcrpy- 
MBHTaji ys HieHa'', rojh SHaqy lepy, AO^HRoaa&e h oahoc, 
Te My, Rao mio ce bhah, ne Mo»eMO AaM jgaho sfoaho 
HMe. Oa npaBHX je HHcrpyMeHTajia MajiH npe^as ao cbamof 
8Ha^eH>a: ^a yspoR h HaMepy, h ocmop: 3a Ha^HH h 
noja^ase. Ha noa/iexRy, CBHia AocaAltBHii Tpe6a aoa^th 
AeBGTH Ha peAy, HHCTpyieHTa.a ceRyHAapHe oopMai^aje : Apym 
TLAK npeAHRaxHBHH, naABJE no snaqe^y h ynoxpetfi cpo- 
AaH c no3HaxnM nax npeAHRaxHBHHM HOMUHaxHBOM h aRysa- 
THBOii('). TaRo HaM, Aawe, AO^asn: 

1. HHcrpfHeHTad aa sajeAHHi^y. ^ 

(COUHJaTHB U KOMHTaTHB) 

Ha npBo, a h6 na npexnoaeA^e iiecxo, xpeda cxaBflXH 

COABJaXHBHH H ROMHXaXHBHH HHCXpyMGHXa;! — HG CaMO SaXO, 

mxo je OA H>era xemRO npeLH na noc^eA&H, npeAHRaxHBHH hh- 
cxpyMeHxaji (*), nero h 3axo, mxo je OBaj „3ajeAHHqRH* naAea 
(x. j. OBO, npBO fteroBO 3HaieiLe) no no;io»ajy cbom y peqe- 
BHi^H HajcaMOCxajiHHJH, HajcJio6oAHHJ]i. A H AO caA cmo no^n- 



(*) y ABB napaaejHe auHuje Kpehe ce h paAH>a h oho nrro je 
opyl)e HJM «cpeACTB0» aa epmeibe xe paAH>e. H caMa OBa peq acpe4- 
CTB0» H OHO pycKO anocpeACTBOH>* Ha^HH>eHe cy oa peiH aa npo- 
CTopBH nojaM: acpcA*^ (cpeAHHa), A. 11 ore 6 na, op. cit. II, 42 4. 

(*) Pel je OBaj IIoTe6H>ufl, HSBeAea y nouenyTOM cmioy, h 
Sana ce hhhu 4a je mhofo 6o4>h 04 MuKJOinHheBa, jep je noTe6iba 
aeKo y MHK4omHha pa34py»eHe npHMepe y4py«H0, h Hene y Mhiuo- 
muha paaanqHO ♦yHKUHje no4Beo no4 je4Hy pyCpHKy. O BpeAHOCXH 
naK noTe6H>HHor pa4a Kaaao je CBOjy B. Jarah y a Arch. f. Slav. 
PhUol.». 11, 164.— 168. 

(*) noxeCtta, op. cit, 11, 413., bojh 4a npe4HKaxHBini hh- 
cxpyifeHxaA Haj64H>Ke cxojh npasoM HHCxpyifOHxaay. 



70 nPH.103H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JB8HKA 

ftajiH pe^afto ca sna^eibHiia caMOCTajSHHM^ na, nocxyflHO npc- 
jiasebH Ha iiafte caMOCxajiHa, AOJiasuiH ao pasnojiHRHX npasHX 
H HenpaBHX odjesaTa hjih HajsaBHCHHJiix pe^eHi^flHX cacro- 
jasa, H Ha noMBTRy cBpmHBajiH pe^ c naAesEMa ,,ApyrHM'' 
HJiH HOAyA&pHHM, npeAHRaTHBHHM. GTapHHy naR H caMocraA- 
HOCT Hamera HHcrpyMeHTajia sa sajeAHHi^y AORasyje mosa& 
H oaRaTy HiTO ce oh Bpjio pano noqeo BOSHBaTH c npeA^orox c, 
Aa tfojbe K xaTOHJe ECRase sajeAHHiiy: ApyoiTBO hah npax- 
H»y. AjiH AOR nan CT. CJiOB. npixepK: y^BtUA bjiatoma 
NA BpAK% nyeTAien ca'', ^coahio h kbacomii n boaoio 
MOYKoy MtcHMk'' HTA. jacHO CBOAO^e ynoTpetfy h sebot oBora 
naAe»a(') y cxapo AO(Ja, — Aoxjie je HHCipyiieHTaji (Jes 
npoAJiora c^ a a^ sna^H ApyniTBO, y AaHamfteM nan jesHRy 
TaRO p e A ft Ky Aft ra ceM necaiia fotobo HHiAe BHme e nexa, 
na ce H obab qecTO Mosexo nHxaTE : Aft HHje cjiyqaJHO ebo- 
craBjibeH ^peAJior c? HnaR ce xory HakE npEiiepE OBor HH- 
crpyMeHTajia y o6a OBa OAy^aja: 

a.) nHCTpyxeHxa^ sa ^ytuTeo: y oboe naAesy 
CTOJE npeAxei, roje eab sajeARO c upeAMeioH rjiaBHora 
EMena, ajiE je npexa aeMy caHOCTa^aH — oa npnjiERe 
onaROy Rao mxo cxojH ^caxocxajiHE" HOHEHaxEB npexa hoee- 
HaxHBy-noAEexy. TaRO EHaxo : „ A na nocxejbE M^aAa che m a- 
jiaxHEM qoAOMHa pyi^E*, Jep ce, none, ijapoM sanaAE- 
CMO'', ^HEJe ;iaR0 tforoM paxonaxE^, «na oxa;ieH bojcrom 
ORpeHHxe*, „cecxpEite 6paliOM pacxaBBo*', ^Aftjoxolepa- 
cxaBHXE rjiaBox'', »He sna mxa je AO($po, xro sjiejoe eejo 
((opaBEo^, 9OH RpajbOBOx ORpenyo bojcrom' (Mikl., 
IV, 724.). Kao raxo ce MO»e cyxftaxE pewMa ijapoM e 



(^) He Tpe6a hho4hth Aa je osaj (|6ecnpeA<A0XCHii^ coaHjaTnb 
HCTora aHaneiba, Kora u Ham HHuTpyneHTaa c npe^JoroM c : paajuKe, 
H aKO HaAe, Mopa^o je 6hth naKBe roA, Kao toa niTO ce u reHeTBB- 
a6.iaTUB jeAHora 3HaMeH>a 6e3 npeA^iora nnaK paaauKyje oa reneTHBa- 
a6jiaTHBa HCTora dHaqeH>a c npeA^oroM. 



nPlMOSH 8A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOTA JESUKA 71 

sjiHJeM z6ovt^iiL$, TaRO C6 B y npHMepiMa: ^l^eBepcna- 
xoM noA »yTy HapaH?jy*, ,Aot' ly CBatoii no Te(Je, ^e- 
BOJKo'', „BOJCRa cTaHOM tfjefflo najia djiHsy rpaAa*", «h 
OBaRO codoM roBopHo'*, ^caM cotfoM xkcjioLh'' (ibid.) 
lose XHCJiHTH Aft J6 ys HHCTpyMBHTa^ie 6eo npeAJior c, na 
Hcnao 36or rjiaca c, rojhm ce no^HH»y pe^H y nnxafty. 

HanoMeHa. H ys iipeAJior nopeA, cnopeA, yno- 
TpedjbeH H6 Rao npoA^or, BeL Rao npHJior sa cBesy, Mose 
AoLh HHCTpyxeHTaji (Jes npoAJiora c: ^EoBeAO je y noAe 
iiHpoROy nopoA ftOMO tiepRy AH^e^HJy', „cnop6A H»Hxa 
so&e BHTeBOBe"*, ^cnopeA &hx6 Jyr BorAane CTapi'' ; ajii 
HMa H c npoAJioroM c: ^cnopoA c h»hm6 BpaeROBHtiy Byqe' 
(Mikl., IV, 725.); 

6.) HHCTpyMOHTaA sa upaTH>y: y obom naAesy 
CTOJH npoAMei, ROJH, Rao H OHaj sa APymxBO, ulaq ya 
iJiaBHH, ajui itafte caMocTaiiHO npeiia ftoiiy, Hero BHine Rao 
4eo HJiH Rao uozo^Sa rjiaBHOMe (^). TaRBK cy npHxepH*. ^Sa- 
cna MapRO r^iaBOM des ysFJiaBJa"*, „naAHH paja njia^ex 
ORO MeHe*, ,OHa My je pocoM najia", ;j,6ysA0BaH necpe- 
koM ROBa^OBOX npcHe"*, ^cpeiiOM H>eroBox onaj ra 
Aan saTBope* (Mikl., lY, 725.); nocJiOA&a ABa npixepa 
TBiORO je pasjSHROBaTH OA OHHX sa y 8 p R. 

2. HHcrpyHeHTa^ sa npoexop h Hecxo. 

(npocoKyTHB) 

H aRO je no neRHMa npoceRyTiBHo sna^efte namera 
HHcrpyxeHTajia npBotfnTHO ijih 6ap onaRO hcto crape, Rao 
I coiuijaTtBHO, onoT ce one, peRJin ($hcmo, Mose hsboahtb, 
Rao xjia^e h^h Apyro, hs npnor, coiiHJaTHBHor h ROXiTa- 
THBHor snaqefta. EaA snaxo a& y HHcrpyxenTajiy ctojh oho, 
nrro hao ys Hemro Apyi'o, npeAMOT cnopeAan rojh npaiH 
TJiaBHH, a snaio h aa jd CBaRox ROHRpeinoM npeAxexy npa- 



(*) A. noTeCiba, op. cit., II. 415. 



72 IIPHa03B 3A CUHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

THJiail xecTOy Ha soxe ce, eae npocTop, y Roxe ce Taj 
npeAMGT ys rjiaro^icKy pa^fty Kpete, — OHAa HS^iasH npi- 
poAHo, niTO ce n TO iiecTO h;ih npocTop (Jejiean HHCTpyieH- 
TajioM coitHjaTHBHHX. Obhm CO naAeatoM, Be^iHHO, 6ejiesH npo- 

€TOp HJIH M6CT0, Ha £0X6 C6 BpHIH RpeTaftOy HJIH 60A6y 

6e4eaH ce: »nyT KpeTaiby, kojh ce y HeoApe^enoM paanaEy 
noAyA&pft ca caMHM RpeTa&eM'' ('); oba6 A&K^e nyT hjih npo- 
CTop HA6 sajeAHO c obhm bito ce Rpetie. H no Toxe npo- 
ceRyTHBBH HHCTpyxeHTaA HAe norjiaBHTO y3 rjiarojie, roji 
BHa^e KpeTafte, a thx rjiarojia noase ($hth pasjUiqBHX, na 
je H rjieA&H»e seRo RpeTaH>e. Ajih ce oa obhx rjiarojia 
Mose npeiiH h na Apyre Rora 6hjio Apys^HJer snaqefta, na 
HflCTpyxeHTa;! nose h ys &bx RasHBaTH a^- ys pftAH>y HAe 
B RpeTa&e, h aRO ce oho HspeROH ne Rasyje; i 
Hajnocjie, Bsme aABepdigajino AOJiasH npoceRyTHBHH HHcrpy- 
MeHTaji H ys Marojie 8a MHpoBaH>e(*). IIIto ce naE th^o 
pasjiBRe HSMe^y OBor npoceRyTHBHor sna^efta HHCTpyMenTa- 
jiOBor H nosnaTor nax MecHor sna^eiba, Roje tfe^iesH ;i0Ra- 
THB c npoAJiOBHMa, — ona je y tomo, nrro ce obhm Apynm 
•f.a3yje h npeipiayje caio jeAna Ta^Ra y npocTopy, a npoce- 
RyTHBOM ce ($e;iesH horojihro (neoApe^eBo) Taqana onora 
Rpyra oa npocTopa, y Roue ce RpeLe hah npniH rjiaro^CRa 
paAH>a('): „6pA0M (AaRjie na BHme moctA na 6pAy) ciHAe, 
a ao;lom tfocHjibe'', «RaA cy 6eae noJbeM mnpoRHJeii' 
(a He na jeAHOM MecTy y noAy). H tfani to, bito ce HHCTpy- 
MeHTa^ioM tfejieacH BHme Ta^aRa neRora npocTopa, — h jecT 
yspoR, ROJH H rjiarojie sa MHpoBaH>e npntfjiHsyje rjiarojiHita 
sa RpeTa&e. IIpHiiepH npoceRyTHBHor HHCTpyieHTajia AOJiase: 
a.) Ys rjiarojie sa npeTafbe: ^Moh^hL H^ie CTpan- 

^HI^OM^, ^OH OTHAe SeXJbOM H CBBJOTOH'', ^A^ HABM 



(*) Ibid., CTp. 417. 

(*) Mikl., «Vergl. Oramiu.". V, 684. 

(') A. noTe6H,a. op. cit., II, 418. 



nPHA03H 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JB3HKA 73 

BeroBHJeM xparoM*, „Tepe xoah 6pA0M h aojihhom*, 
j^nepo (}je»H paBHOM PyAHHHitOM*, „;iyroii AeTJeri*, 
„/l,7HaB0M n^OBH Aa^a Jiarana'', ^h nacame .loBLeHCKOH 
njiaHHHOH*, »He CMHjaxy BjiaTOH npo^iasHTH**, ^a*- JB 
D^pHOM TopoM yAapHO*", ^Kpeke BojcKa paBHOM Py- 
iieHJiHJoM*, ^lypHme ra Mopei AeCejiBjei", „BHJop 
AOJiOK Ayj©*» »»•*' J6 TeniKO MopeM nyxoBaTH* ; — TaKO 
je H : ,H nor^ieAa noAeM KocoBHJeM* (cBe y MikL, 
IV, 685.); — TaKO H oho: ^yraHH rpaHHity JacxpeniteM*, 
;j,naE OTHAe no pen nyTOBaTH** (AaHH^., 564.); 

6.) Id TA&voAe 3a MupoeaweC): „KaA cy (Jhjih 
noAGM fflHpoKHJeM**, »HHje, nodpo, AaatAHit Kocobh- 
jeM^, j,60] 6HJyliH CKeHABpRJOM pasHOM*, ;,TpH A6- 
B0JR6 i^ebe noceja^e, 6pA0M cMHJi>e, a ao^ox tfocHJbe*' 
(Mikl., IV, 685.), „KaA 6jeme ropoM aejienoM** (Aa- 
HH^Hb, ibid.), — Ha nocjiexEy: 

B.) AABepdijajiHo CToje pew y HHCxpyMeHxajiy: 
Kao upuAoz: „TypitH 6je»e no roprn^H niHpoM", — ttKao 
npe^Aot: ,BpAa jene Kpajeii Mopa cjiana*, »HAe BojcKa 
Epajex Tape JiaAne* (Mikl., IV, 685.). 

3. HHcxpyHeHTa.! aa Bpeme. 

Pe^ H o(J;iHK, KOJHMa ce (JeJie»H Mecxo, Mory ce yno- 
xpe($HXH H A^ osHa^e Bpexe, h;ih: peqn, Roja Hnesyje Bpexe, 
Mose ce A&™ o6^HK eojh AO^SBajy HMeHa, EoJHMa ce HMe- 
Hyje npocxop r^iarojicEOM EpexaH>y; h Bpexe je eavl BHme 
xa^aEa hjih jeAHa xaqRa y npocxopy, xe ce h paAH>a, Bp- 
ineHa y BpeiieHy, npeACxaBiba Eao pa^ena y npocxopy. — H 
OBAe 6e ce, Eao h eoa npoceEyxHBHor HHcxpyi[eHxa.ia, Morjio 



(') Mikl., op. cit., IV, 68 5., se^H : aHHCTpyneHTaJ osHauaBa 
MecTO »mpoBaH>a, aan ce ya to KucaH h mupeibe no H>eMy.>' 



74 nPIUOSH SA CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA jeshka 

rOBOpHTH paS^HIlH H8M6^y TBHnopaJIHOr HHCTpyH6HTaJia 668 

npBA^ora h TeMnopajiHor jioKaxHBa c npeA^oroM, me je xa 
pasjiHsa Bpjio WE&y h brid6 AOJiasH oa SHaqesa, soje HMa 
npeAJior, jioKaraBy aoamh (ynop. HotynnoAHol). APF^ 
je, mTO HMa a& ce HanoMeHe Raso o xeiinopajiHOMy xano h o 
npoceByxHBHOii uHcxpyMOHxajiy Hamera jesHsa, obo: otfa cy 
MHoro HsrydH^ia oa CBOje cyncxaHitHJaAHOcxH, xe ce Awac yno- 
xpe($i>aBajy BHine Rao aAB6p6Hja;LHH AOA&Ai^y nojiosa- 
Jen CBOJHX y pe^eHHiiH h;ih npeMa opipoKy pas^iH^Hi oa 
ocxa;iHX HMencKHX o6;iHKa sa ^Aonyny*' hjih npeAMex y raH- 
peM CMHMy, y omnxe, h oa ocxa^mx — oceM onora sa ^na- 
qsH^ — HHcxpyMeHxa;ia, noce^Hiie. Ilpexa pe^HMa, oa bojhx 
je xeMnopajiHH HHCxpyiieHxa;!, HMaxo obb oiy^aje: 

a.) y HHcxpyMeHxaJiy cxoje HMena, Rojassa- 
^6 H6BH upocTop OA epcMena (xpajase hjih BHme 
xaqasa y Bpexeny), xe 6h SHaqiJio a^ ce paAH»a BpmH 
sa CBe xo Bpene, sHxa HcsasaHO. TasaB 6h, Hnp., 6ao onaj 
ex. cjioB. npHMep: ^YeTii^&MN a^€ATu n uiecTNB 
nj\ c*L;mAANA sucTii iip'LKiJ CH'' C) (sa nexpAecex h meex 
roAEHa 6h caaHAana OBa iipRBa) ; y Hamex ce jesHEy obo, xaso 
Aa Kasexo, cxapige H^n ^ochobho^ SHaqe^e noxepiJio, xe 
Aasac Hxe y HHcxpyxeHxa^y seaqH Bpexe, sa soje ce hjih y 
BOX ce Hesa paA&a Bpmx 6e3 o^snpa Ha xo, Aft ah be ona 
xpajaxH 6am sa cBe Hxenox osnaqeHo Bpexe h;lh h caxo sa 
neBH A60 xora Bpexena. G xora OBaxo AOJiase cbh obh npn- 
xepn: ^AseBH Jie»e, a Hoty nyxyjy*, ^h Aaay h Hoty*, 
,fty oc^yniByj h HoLy h AHeBH*, ^ne^eAox h cneitex 
HSJiasHo 6h c ftHxa y mexfty*' (A an., 555.), »CBe xe Bopn 
jyxpox H BeqepoM*^, ^qecxo joj ce jyxpox jaBAax*, 
,OHateje sop ox osynaxH*, ^sopox oHe hoLh" (Mikl., 
IV, 687.); 



(*) noTe6H>a, Of, cit., CTp. 42 3. 



OPHaOSH 8A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JB8HKA 75 

6,) y HHcxpyiieHTajiy CToje HxeHa, Koja co- 
6oM sna^e caMO je^an TpenyTOK, le ee itose hh ($hth 
TOBopa Tpajaftj kahl BasBOM npocTopy oa BpexoHa ; HMeHa 
cy oBa nopoA csera jacHor hm od^Hsa HHCTpyMeHTajiHor a^* 
Hac npaBH uptuosu: qacoM, Maxox, hctom, ^hh; laBO 
BitaMo: j^Hacox BBApo, a ^acox o6ameo'', ,Ha S^erH&e 
^acKox Aonanyme*, ^Bpanait My ce xaxox noxaxHo" 
(Mikl., IV, 68.), ,HCTox ohb y (JecjeAH (Jjexy*, ,^hx 
ra H nosHaAe" (AaHH^Hli, 665.); 

B.) y HHCTpyxeHTajiy cToje ^qjeeu: jeAHOX, 
Apyroxy ipehox (x npBox?)^ eojh se snaqe xaA ho- 
xrro dHBa, nero: eojihbo nyxa; Taxo Hxaxo: ,,Eao iito 
je AyAHxa OApe^eno jgahox yxpHJera* (A an. 656.), j,e 
A p y r X TH TypcKy Bjepy Aajex* , , ABanyx xjepi, x p e t o x 
Bpoj- (Mikl., lY, 689.). 

4. npaBH HHCTpyxeHTaji. 

(aa opy})e h acpeACTBo*) 

Bpjio cy pa3HOMB6 HHJaHce npaBora HHCTpyxes- 
xajia: pasjiHBe xe^y H>Hxa xory ce xyxaqixx Baxo sxaqe- 
ftex OHHX r^iarojia, ys xoje AOJiase, xaso h SHa^e&ex cuixx 
xxexa, Boja cxoje y XHCxpyxeHxajiy ; XHorx cy onex npBO- 
tfxxHO 6hjUi HHCxpyxeHxajiH sora Apyror SHaqefta^ na xes 
asa^orHJox ys neRe, no snaqefty eaxxx pe^x ftxxa cjih^ho, 
npaBe HxcxpyxeHxajie h caxx nocxaiiH naAeasx aa opy^6(^). 
BejieseiiH, npBO, cnpaByxjix opy^e kojhx ce Hexa 
paA^a BpniB, OBaj XHCxpyxeHxaji h SHa^eftex h noAosajex 
cxoJH Aocxa 64H3y coAHJaxHBy, h8 sora ce, xao mxo peso- 
cxo, K xose xaBecxx; ajitf, Apyro, 3HaqeH»e ^opy^e' xose 
6hxk CjUe^ho noBHaxHX eax Aonynaxa asyaaxHBHHx x rene- 
XHBHRX, xe ce EHcxpyxeHxajiox xose, ASJbe^ 6ejieasKXK opy^e 



(') Vnop. A. IIoTe6H,a, op. cit., II, 4 24, 



76 nPffJI08H 8A CHtlTAKCy Cl'nCKOFA JB8HKA 

Kao odjesaT npejiasHHx h noepaxHEX rjiarojsa; 
HJiH^ npoTHBHO TOMe, AVLne Roje BpiDH Hosy paAfty^ 
HJiH Roje y H>oj HMa fl,eM, MO^se ce ciaTpaTH nao opy^e, 
KOJHH ce y onmTe HoniTO paAH, na trro h rpaASBo, Boje 
ce ynoTpe6ji>aBa 3 a Bpmeibe neRora nocjia, xose ce no neRaA 
CMaTpaTH Rao opy^e, rojhm ce Bemxo paAH : cbo cy obo pa3- 
HOJiHRH OA^Jieci^H joAHora npaBor HHCTpyMeBTa^Hor 
3HaqeH>ay ROJe ce na nocjioTRy nose jeAsaqHTH qaR h ca 
^saBHCHHM'' aRy3aTBB0H c^iomenora otfjoRTa, tox npaBOM bjih 
HeH30CTaBflOM AonyHOM rJiaro^iCROM. 0(fa3BpybH ce y rjiaBHOM 
na rjiaro;ie, ys ROje A0^a3B npaBH HHCTpyMeflTaji, BiiaMO obex 
AOceT cJiyqajeBa: 

a.) y HHCTpyMeBxajiy ctojh pe^ ys rjiaro^e 
saRpoTa&e (pa3Hora 3Ha^e&a), RaA xoLe a& 03Ha^H 
OHO, HUMe ce BpniH paA^a, a HMa ro je BpniH; H»HMe 
ce A^RJie 03Ha^aBa: cupaea, opy^e, uoMoRua creap 
(HesroAHOM pe^jy » cpeACXBO •) 3aBpnieH>e horo paA^e. 
OBaj ce cjiyqaj pa34HRyje oa Apyrora, rojh Le OAMax sa 
H>HM AotH H RoJH xaRot^e HAe y3 rjiarojie sa Rpexaae, — 
xHMe, mxo je oh caHocxa^iHHJ h, xe ce BHme npH6;iHsyje 
coi^HJaxHBy HjiH HHcxpyiieHxa^y c npeAJioroM c, aor je Apyrn, 
Rao mxo lie ce BHAexH, BHme saBHcan h mhofo ^jihsh npa- 
BOMe o6jeRxy. TaRo HMaMo: „Poroii BOAy lytame, a o^HMa 
((ncxpame'', „RypjaR rosoh njiaha'', ;,cjiysH bhho 3;iax- 
HOH ^amoM u 6HJe;i0M pyROM*", »Apyry BojcRy 6pHx- 
ROM ca^AOM ce^e*, »RaA Rora HyAO py^ROM**, „He 6poje 
ra RecoM hh cxoxhhom, nek ra Mjepe RanoM Mnjaxo^- 
bom*, ,roh>h ce Mepe ne^y, a AyAH naMoty**, ^smxe 

MH E ROROXOM OpaXE*, ,COR0 EOpjOM jIOXB, a HO MOr 

COM* (Mikl., IV, 691.); 

6.) y EHcxpyMeExajiy, onex ya r^arojie sa 
Rpexatte, ajiR e ys APjre aRXEBHO rjiaro^e 
cxoJE peq, Roja (Je^ieatE opyt^e rojem ce BpmE 



npiuoaa 3a cuHTAKcy cpncKorA. jesbka 77 

paAft^y He caHO Rao noMoLn.y CTsap, Hero 6ani 
sac upe^Mer, rojhm os^a^yje rjiaro;ieRa enep- 
PHJa. IIpeMa Tone OBaj ce HHCxpyMeHTaji lose cMaxpaTH na- 
cjHp^T npeoxe Rao saBHcan, le AOCTa jih^h na aRysaTHB 
cnojbHora o6jeRTa; a^H ce onex oa ^nenocpoAHora^ otfjeRxa 
pasjiHRyje xHHe, mxo je OBAe (y pe^enHiiiH c KHCxpyiieHxajioM) 
Hama namsia norjiaBHxo odpakeaa ^na caxy paAB>y, Roja HOse 
6hxh fl 6e3 i^BJba'', a xaMO (y peqeHHiiH c aRysaxHBOM) BHme 
^Ha AonyHy h^ upeAMex, rojhm je HCRasan ($jih»h c^ cbhh 
OApe^eHH nfijb Rpexafty •*(*). H aor ys npBH, nanpeA noie- 
HyxH, HHCxpyieHxa;! cano 3a opyt^e Moate cxajaxH (a no 
HORaA H Mopa) H aRysaxHB upaBora odjoRxa, Aoxjie y3 OBaj, 
HHcxpyMeHxa^ 3a opy^e-npoAMex HHRaAa ne A0Jia3H o6- 
jeRXHBHH aRysaxHB. TaRO niaito aoboaho npHMep&: „Ha- 
ROM 6oja ROHAeM y xpfto*", ,HarHfte qyxypoM*, »co(5om 
Matfl** (hcxo hixoh: Matfi ce), ^^HoroM MH^e, MaRnyx' ne 
Morame'*, »MaHy RpcxoM na ^exHpn cxpane*, »pa3MaxHe 
ryAaJiOM, h 3anjeBa", »BHJop aojiom Ajje, rpaAOM no- 
Ayjbyje*, ^AyAHy MapRo xeniROM xony3HHOM^, „BHXjia 
oqHMa*, „BJexap nynie, naR (JapjaROM ftnnie*, „RpBAy 
xoMo**, „RpeLe bojcrom PyMen^iHJoM*', ^RpenyxH r^a- 
Boi", „yAPH ^HiieM seMibHiiy ^apny", „o 3eMAyH>HMe 
yAapHme*, „BHJaxH rjiaBOM* »xpc, rojom Bjexap BHJe", 
^BpxjexH rjiaBOM'*, „a ja BJepoM npeBpnyxH neky*', »naR 
noxeate nepHHM 6y3AOBaHOM*', ,aor je aJidom H3Aa- 
Hyo**, cjenep ROJH MopeM lyxH*, ^roBopnke HOBHJeMJe- 
3HiiHMa'', yOH ce Metie rjiorHH»oM, a t^enoJRa xp&HHOH'', 
„OROM xpeHH, Ro;ioM RpeHM", ,,(JaiiHky ce sejienoii j a- 
^yROM**, „noxe»e ce (Jy3A0BaH0M MapRO*" (Mikl., IV, 
697. H 698.) HXA.; 



(*) A. IIoTe6H>a, op. cit., II, 426, — Apyro je nnp. aKpe- 
HyxH HoroM» (y CHy), aApyro: «KpeHyTH Hory» (Aa 6h qoeeK noraao)* 



78 nPHwlOBH 8A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

B.) C rjiarojiixa sa EpeTafto cpoAHH cy no 
BHa^efty (y HesojiHKo) i rjiarojiH : BJiaAaTH, rocnoAO- 
BaTHy ynpaBJbaTH, sanoBeAaTH, BOMaHAOBaTH, cy<- 
ABTh: h ys obo r^iaro^ie y HHCipyiieHTajiy ctojh 
pe^, Eoja HMenyje upe^Mer km opy^e: „CTBap, kojok 
ce BjiaAa, noxBiiLba ce nao ,,cp6A6TB0'y bojhx ce BJiaAa&e 
H8B0AH HJiH Ha ^6X 06 OHO noEasyje'* C^), T6 je OBaj HHCTpy- 
M6HTa;i aa opy^e-o6jeRaT (HenpaBH) hcto OHaBO tbcho 
CRonqan c rjiarojiox, Rao h Apyni na poAy, caA nperjiOAaHH. 
Taso HMaxo: j^B^aAa xajioM II^pHOM ropoM"", ,,3a BJia- 
Aafta EHpHHOBa GupHJOM'', „RaA je 'Bop^e Gp6EJ0M 

SaB^iaA'o'y »TtMb AA N^ OCUAA''^ ^OCilAAATII rf AAOUb*, 

,,TocnoAyJT6 pH^axa MopcRHJeM'', ^ynpaBHO Rao xaJAyR 
Rybox^y „RaA ByAHXox iiiape sanoBHAa', ,,oh iihJ6J10M 
BojcRox RoxaHAEpa*, ^le cyAHTO joahox sexjbox paB- 
Hox^ (Mikl., IV, 700.); norperaHO je oho c npeAJiorox 
c: j^Aa ynpaBAam c xajiox Fopox D^pnox" (ibid.). — 
B;iaAaH>y je 6jihcro xproBafte, xeceH npeAxe? TproBHHe 
cxaTpa Rao ^cpeACTBO*', rojhx ce Tpryje: ^cxane xproBaTH 
CEHftaxa"", ,,TproBaH»e sjiaxox h cpedpox npeRHHyxo 
je« (Mikl., IV, 695.); 

r.) y HH6TpyxeHTa;iy ctojh npeAxei, rojh 
sHa^H xaTepHJy hjih zpa^y, oa Roje jeneniTOHa- 
iiHH>eHo, xe ce h oh cxaipa Rao opy^e, rojex ce 
BpmH caxapaAH>a('): ^cxBap npeno Roje paAfta, Bp- 
metiH ce, np6;ia3H, xose ocTaxn y ohox, hito ce ypaAH* 
(BoHiR., 176.). TaRO Hxaxo: »^HCTHxtyTe cpetfpox 
HOTROBaxH", ^noRpHJTe ce rope ^iHcxonaAOx** ^^enniHX 
ty xe A^^PM^TH Aapox*', »Hero ce nanyftaBajxe Ayxox*, 



{') Mikl.. IV; 700. 

(^; Osaj je BapHjeT6T hsuihk na npBH cay^aj HHOTpyMeHTajuie 
ynoxpeCe aa opy!)e. 



nPH^OSH 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE8HKA 79 

^paHH^a HX Tyrol h neBOAOii' (Mikl., IV, 691.), 
^nonoBH cy ABopa 6opJ6M orpa^eHH', ^orpny ra ROJia- 
CTOM asAHJoM'', ^n^aHHHe ce CHHJeroM saBHine'', «8a- 
ysAa ra ysAOM nos^aLeHOH'', ^HaRHTH Me iiBebeit 
CBasojaKHM^, ,^H][ LeMO ce OABHyrH?', ^nacejao can 
&HBy meHHi^oM'', ^s^aToii Bese CBe no ^hctoj cbhjih'', 
„6oje iHBHTOM, 6poL6][^, j^mTan, ea kojom niune sp- 
BaBHM cjioBHiia: ho th^h Me'', ^v^esoM sac Hanojax', 
^seAame a& no HacHTH MpBaiia'' (BomR., 176. h 177.); 
A.)^HHCTpy][eHTa;iycTOJHpe^, Roja 6ejiesH 
.4t«t^e^ Eoje BpniH paAH>y, ne Rao noAHOT, Hero Rao 
opy^e, ROJHM ce spniH paAB^a: y obom, TaRo Aft ra 
HasoBeMO, HHcrpyiieHTajiy sa opy^e-noAMeT o6HqH0 ctojh 
(pe^e H HMeHHiia, Roja raeHyje ;iHi^e, Hero o6hiiho caMo) sa- 
MeHHiia ce6e H pei rjiana; TaRO HMaMo: <kJI^a i^a uMk 

CTOe COBOUb N CBOHMN nOKAHCA^H*, ,,HN CAMk COSOMb 

NH CHNOUb'', ,,6ho co6om jyHaR Ao6ap, 6Ae CTHMan y 
ApysHHH'', „\fe je ona cana cotfoii najia*^, — ,,ja caM 
r^iaBOM SpajibeBHJ^y MapRo"", „na 6hx paAHJ' mebom no- 
rHHyTH** (Mikl., 693. h 694.). Tpetfa nonenyTH Aa ce oBaj 
BapHJeTOT npaBora HHCTpyiieHTajia MHoro npHMH^e OHOne sa 
HaqHH, Te 6e ra mo^a^ Tpe6aJio TaMo h yBpcriTH; 

V) y HHCTpyMeHTa;iy ctojh pe^, Roja HMe- 
Hyje Jiuue^ noioiiy Rora Mose 6hth HSBpnieHa 
paAH>a rjiarojia ofcenuTu h omchutu (h noBpaTHo): 
npaBo je SHaqe&e OBora r^arojia, Rao hito bb^ih Mhr^o- 
niHL(^), j.beweiben'* h^h ^Ha6aBHTH ROMe ateny^C), Te ce 
no TOMe HHcrpyiieHTaJi ysa & HaJBHme npHMH^e nperjieAaHHi 
BeL HHCTpyMeHTajiHMa a a opy^e-npeAMeT h opy^e-MaTepnjy ys 
r^aro^e, rojh sna^e B;iaAaH>e hjih hbro nocTajaHie; TaRo 



(*) DVergl. Gramm.», IV, 794. 

(*) QCHa64UTB a;eHO»», A. IIot., II, 4 31. 



80 nPH^oau bk ohhtakcv cpncKorA jbshka 

HMaKO: 9A& ^^ ^^ seHHMO TaHBOM noAJHaBBOii'' ('), 

.HHJe MH C6 rocQOAap asoHHO, Hero mhgjih T060M jeceu'', 
»ApyroM ce OKenH* (Mikl., IV, 694.), „xoLaxy Me oate- 
hit' AaTiHSOM'', „oseHH ce MapHJoM'' (^aHH^., 
5630. Ilpeiia TOMe je norpemHo, saA 73 oeaj HHcrpyiieH- 
xa^ CTOJH npeAJior c, jep oh Hije coiiHjaTHB: „Aa^ a* ch 
ce c ApyroM o»eHjio'' (Mikl. ibid.); 

e.) y HHCTpyMOHTajiy ya r^aroA kastu ce ctojh 
pen, KOJaHneHyje, ^HMeceBpniHpaAK>aTorarjia- 
ro^a, AS^KAe upe^MeT sanAeTee, oho, ymTOce^OBOB 
3 a K ji H H> e ; lasBH cy upHMepH : ^^mm» cc BoroMkacii- 
BHMk', „s;iex ce poTOH h AymoH mojom'', » JoBan My 
ce 6oroM KyHHJame^, „KyHeM bh ce CBeiieM MyxaMe- 
AOM^, „8aK;iHH»eM Te 60 von BeJiHKHJeM'', „^eBOJBa ce 
spHBO (JpaTOM KJie^a", „KaA ce ohh AymoM Kyny** (Mikl., 
'IV, 695.), ,3aK;ie je ipH nyi hmohom 6oaHJHM* (Diyk., 
53.). — CjiH^aH je obom (a ne ohom hoa ^. ya rjiaro^ ae- 
hhth) h HHCTpyMeHTaji ya r^iaro^ie: syMHTH, 6paTHMMTH, 
cecTpHTH, nocHHHTH — He caMO no anaqefty MaroJicKOM, 
Hero n no lOMe, mxo Haj^emLe h TaMO n xaMo AO^aaa sao 
HHCTpyMeHTaji pe^ 6 or; xaBO HMaMo: „IIa hx nyMH 6oroM 

BOAHKHJeM*, „H0 Xe KyMHM XJI»e60M IiapeBHJeM, XBO- 

joM catfjtoM H xBOJHJeM xaxoM^, ^(JpaxHMHM xe (JoroM 

HCXHHHJeM, H KyMHM XO (JOTOM HCXHHHJeM*, „6orOM 

(JpaxH xaMHHTOpe M^iaAO^, ^(JoroM cecxpn M^aA MOMaK*, „fbj 
MH cecxpH 6oroM Be^iHKHJeM*, ^nocHHH ra (JoroM hcxhhh- 
jeM"* (AaH., 563.). Kao mxo ce bhah: h xaMO ya XJiaroA 
K^exH ce, h oBAe ya OBe r;iaro^e HHCxpyMenxa^OM pew 
6 or Kaayje ce homoIihhk hah „nocpeAHHB^, bojh hhhh a^ 



C) Oahoc oBora HMeea npeiia rjaroay »ceHHTH cjH<iaH je oa- 
Bocy BucTpyMeHTa.ia sa opyl)e-MaTepujy y npHMepy : aAapHBa ra aja- 
heHOif KOiuy.bOM>^ npeMa rjarowiy AapusaTu. 



nPH.103M 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOPA JE3HKA 81 

ce Moate H3BpiniJTH paAfta: aaKJieiBa, 6paTHiu»eH>e, osyM- 
Aefte H T. A-; 

Si.) y HHCTpjMeHTajiy ctojh peq Roja HMenyje 
-iHiie (peTKO CTBap), Koje je u opy^e u ape^MCT r^a- 
ro^Hia: pyzaru ce, uoACMeeaxu ce, maJiuTu ce\ pe^ y 
HHCTpyMeHTBJiy npe ce iio»e CMaTpaTH sao iipeAiei, na KOMe 
ce, Hero sao opy^e, bojhm ce npniH pa^aa, xe 6h, a^ ce 
na2BH>a o($paLa BHine OHoie mTO ona SHa^H, CTajajia y asy- 
3aTHBy HjiH y AaTHsy. Taso HMaMo: „IIIto ce ciapiieM 
jaAHHJeM tfpyKaie?**, „^^ ce MHOMe pyrajy**, ^CBaxoBH ce 
noApyryjy MipKOM'', „na ce hcto to (J cm nopyryjy", „Mac- 
KapHM ce B^axoM y BaypHM*", „noACMexHBajyliH ce ftHiie", 
^uaK 6h ce iBHMe noc^H cMEJajin'', ^cnpAax' ch mhom Aom^a'', 
„He ma^iH ce r^iaBOM" (Mikl., IV, 702.); norpemHO je, ihto 
y HesHM npHMepHMa AO^asH h npeA^or c; »% caAa ce ca mhoh 
nomaAyjy" (ibid.); — Ha OBe je rjiaro^e CAH^aH waroji bo- 
pflTH, xe 6h MoaAa h iteroB HHCxpyneHxaji (caio 3a opy^e) 
OBano xpe(5ajio noABecxH (aKO h^^ noA onaj sa yspoK?): ^a^^ 
ra KopH (JeroBHiioM M^aAOM* (^-^hh^., 565.); 

3.) y HHCxpyMOHxaJiy sa opy^e cxojh pe^, Koja 
HMeHyje upeAxex, ^kojhm Hs^iasH Ha bhahk «u3ho- 
AomKa *yHKitHJa*'(*) r^arcflft: Mupucarii, eofbaTu, aa- 
4(MaTU, CMp4eTu, y^aparu, 6a3AeTu, ohhx a^k^^j kojh 
3Haqe paA&y Hamera qyjia 3a o6oH>aH>e; OBaMo AO^asH 
H rjiaroji 4ucaTu, bra je cjiH^Hora 3HaqeH>a: HHCxpyM. je 
y3 OBe r-iaro^e Morao ao^h anaJiorHJOM OHora 3a opy^e- 
npeAnex y3 r^arojie 3a Bpexaae (^KpenjxH HoroM**, „xpe- 
HyxH OBOM", „xo^HXH KpBJiy", „H3AaHyxH AyniOM** fl X. A.)- 
TaBOHMaMo: „Hh Jiya jeo, hh jiyKOM BOftao**, ^iiHpHcoii 
3aAaBa", ^^saAaje Meco ahbhhom*, „Moja neApa ne MHpHniy 
hhth AyH»OM hh HepaHqoM*', ,xaKO ry(JoM He cmpaho!*^ 



(*) A. noTe6., op. cit., II, 33. 
raACHBK LXIX. 



82 nPIM03H 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

„cMpAH rocnocTBOM", „3ayAapain csei^eiiMyxaMeAOM*^, 
^Aa TH ncHHOM He 3a6a3Ae pyne** (Mikl., IV, 718., 
/l,aHHH., 567), — „HeKa OcMaH 3^o6om AHrae*, „am^h 
npHJexifcOM H CMpLy** (Mikl., IV, 703.). — CjiHqHO je 
OBOM H OHO „A^Jbe opy^e ncHXOJioniBHx nojasa" (*) y npHMe- 
pHia: „Th He mhcjih xpanoM hh rocnocxBOM**, vH3ry6n 
ra, na He MHC/iH xpaHOM*" (IIjeB. U^pHorop., 6.); 

H.) y HHCTpyMeHxajiy ctojh pe^, Kojaniie- 
Hyje noc^eAHiiy paAfte tasltoab. po4UTu, Kao H>eHO 
opy^e, npHMH^yLH ce h xHMe HHcxpyMeHxajiy 3a opy^e-Maxe- 
pHJy, KOJH xaKol^e HMenyje oho, mxo ocxaje h noc^e CBpmene 
rJiarojicEe paAfte; xaKOHMaMo: „II,pHa Topa jihcxom ypo- 
AHJia, CHXHHM AECTOyi H 3ejieH0M xpaBOH'', „KaA Bp($a 
rpo»^eM poAH, cyBH jasop ja(JyKaMa* (Mikl., 703.). 

5. HHCTpyHOHTaji ya nacHOHe rjiarojie. 

(eneprHRHH) 

/l,ajieKO H OA coiiHJaxHBa h oa npoceKyxuBa, a sp.io 
6;iH3y npaBOM HHCxpyienxa^iy cxoJH ^OHeprH^HH** h^h, no 
HeKHMa, HHCxpyMenxaji „paAHora npeAMexa": y3 r;iaroAe 
nacHBHe JiorH^M noAMex, HCKasan HHcxpyneHxaAOM, cxoJH 
He Eao npaBH noAMex, nero Kao npnpoKOB AOAaxaK, ^RKAe 
Kao opy^e, kojhm ce BpniH rJiaroJicKa paAH>a. HnaK 
ce pa3JiHKyje oa npasor HHCxpyneHxajia — xemo, mxo xaMO, 
HopeA opy^a, kojhm ce BpniH paAfta, MMano h ^iHne (hoa- 
MBx), Koje BpniH paAfty, a OBAe je HMey HHCxpyMen- 
xajiy H opy^e h BpniHjiaij paAH>e. H3 OBora onex ne 
xpe6a H3BecxH Aa je eneprHqHH HHCxpyMeHxaJi hcxo 
niTo H HOMHHaxflB-noAMex, jep ce y je3HitHMa apHOJeBponcKHM 
rpanaxH^BH noAMex HCBa3yje cano HOMHnaxHBOH, xe h hko 
je „nacHBH0Cx xpnHHX npHpoKa xaKo^e HenocpeAHO HCKasH- 
Baae paAH>e noAMexoBe, eneprnja noAMexoBa, — onex je OHa 



(') A. noxed.. op. cit., II. 43G. 



nPH.103H 3A CIIHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 83 

BiTine Hero HKOJa Apyra orpaHHqena oCJjeKTOM'* (*). C Tora 
ce H Moaie KaaaTH a^ je HHCTpymeHTaji ,3a efleprHJy** caMO 
Aaji>6 AH^6peHitoBaH>e HHcxpyiieHTaM ,3^ opyl^e"", H9a3BaHO 
nacHBHomiLy npHpoROBOH, Roja je 3a fb HeHSOcxaBHa noroA($a. 
A npexa pasjiHiiH Me^y r;iaro;iHMa, fioja ce y nacHBHOM cMHCJiy 
ynoTpe6AaBajy, pasAHKOBaLe ce h BapHJexeTH ^eneprHiHor** 
HHCxpyHenxaJia. Taso AaKjie: 

a.) Aa noRase oho, oa ^era y XJiaBHOM H3Jia3u 
paAH>a, HHcxpyMenxaji cxoJH y3 nacHBne o6;iHRe 
apejuiamix r^aro;ia h ys r^iarojie uoepaTue, y3exe y 
€MHc;iy nacHBHOH; xaRO HMaMO (aJiH Aocxa pexso, 3axo, 
mxo je y HameM jesHRy peAaR Ha^HH nacHBHe ROHCxpyRiiHJe): 
„CxHJeiDHieHH BparoM h ^aBOJioM*, „iio y3eLy Xepaqe 
TypuHMa* (Mikl., IV, 705. h 706.), „Aa le Men bo- 
roub oqeub', „Rojh cy ocBeteHF (5oroM oiieii h OAp- 
jKaHB HcycoM XpHcxom", „Aa hm noRop Typitn n^axe 
— "Rynpe^intLeH yqHB>eHH'', ,,NAnHCAiU6 ce cAOsecA cse- 
TUMk ItHf^HAoub'', „ajiH ce BesroAHHJeH BpeHenoi 
3aAp«acxe* (AanH^., 571.), ^(JjiarocjiOBHMa npaBeAHH- 
jex JiyAH noAH«e ce rpaA*' (HoBaR., 77.); 

(J.) /I,a noRaate npaAHn npeAMex*, HHCxpyMen- 
xaji cxoJH y3 HeRe rjiarojie neupeAaane, rojh ce y3H- 
Majy RaonacHBHH; OBaMO ^oAme npaMepn: „Ai^^PH mojh, 
orfteM carope^H", „aor n.iaHHHe cn'jeroM 3anaAonie*, 
„RoJH ce Ranee qecxo npeMete, nete MaxoBHHOM ofipacxH*', 
^cBa xaMHima o6acja.«a cyHaeM"* (Mikl,, IV, 705.); y3 oBe 
Tjtarojie HAe MoaiAa (aso He y3 one 3a o6oH»aH>e) h Maroji 
xetiM H ApyrH cpoAHora My SHaqeaa: „OxHAe r onoMe, mxo 
My noxoR BHHOM xe^e*, „HapoA yCRHHH ocBexoM", „Bpejia 
KpBAy noxeRome**, „noRaiiaJia xaAHHa RpBH* (Mikl., IV, 
707.), „pt)OM Ran'o, aor My je Ro^bena* (Divk., 54.). 



(*) A. noTeCua, op. cit., II, 439. 



84 UPHA03U 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

6. HHCTpymeHTaa ys Hsena. 

(aa Mepy, Ao^nKoeaibe h oauoc] 

HflCTpyMeHTa^y, kea ctojh yaa caMO HHe (nor;iaBHTO 
ya npHAee), anaqefte He ociaje OHaEo hcto, KaKBO Hxa Ka^ 
CTOJH ya r;iaro;i. A;ih ce obh, ^ti hx HasoBeHo, ^HMencRH'' 
HHCTpyMeHxa^iH ne Mory cbccth cbh y jeAHy rpyny no oyHK- 
itHJH Kojy Bpme: aajeAHKqsH je CBHMa caMO no^ioataj, y 
KOM CTOje npeMa HMeny h rojh je paa^aqan oa nojio- 
»aja, y kom ctojh npaan HHCTpyMeHxaji npeMa waroiiyC). 
TaRO Mose 6hth: 

a.) HncTpyMeHTa^ 3a Mepy ys npHAeBe (h npn- 
jiore) nope^ene: na npno Mecxo cxaBJbaMo HHcxpyMenxaji, 
ROJH ana^H Mepy h;ih oho, MMe jeAHa cxBap npena- 
3HJia3H Apyry — saxo, mxo cy nope^enn npHAeBH, ya 
Roje OH A0^a3H, Haj(5;iH»H 3HaqeH>y aRXHBHHX warojia. 
TaRO HMaMo: ,,BHmH nacoH oa gbhx ^yAH^, „vAB.BOii 
BnniH", „cBe je rojio rjiasoM naABBCHAa", i,CBe je je;ie 
bhcom HaAXHXH^ia" (Mikl., IV, 703., A^hh^., 574.)- 
y npHiiepy: ^rjianoH bhhih" r^iaaa je oho, mxo ^hhh 
Aa je ?OBeR Bflmn, Rao roA nixo y nacHBHOM npHMepy: 
„CBa xHHHHiia cyniieM o6acja^a'' cyni^e ^hhh aa xamnua 
(J a c j a. 

(5.) HncxpyMeHxaji aa ^ojiuKoeaThe ya npHAeae: 
aaAoeoJban, ^oeojbau, eoJbaH h (ftHMa npoxnaaH) 4yotcaH; 
pe^ y HHcxp. HMenyje npoAiex, roho HaneAeHH npHAeaH Ra- 
ayjy cxafte, Roje ftemy Ao;iHRyje('). Osaj ce HHCxpyMen- 
TBA pa3;iHRyje h oa npnora 3a „Mepy* h oa xpeLera aa 
^OAHOc** — xHMe, nixo cej y aeiy HaJBHme oceLa npaao nn- 
cxpyienxaJiHO snaqeae (3a ^opy^e*"); xaRO HMaMo: ^Aj^^k 



(*) A. noTe6H>a, op. cit., II, 446. 

(*) y npHMepiiwa, kojh ce HaBOjie, «cTaH>e npe^iaaH npeKO He- 
qera, h AOSHaje ce Aa neqeiiy npHJHMH. raeAajyhH npeno qera npe- 
ia3H»> (BoniK., 180.). 



nPI|403H 3A CWHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA OD 

je H KOCOM Ha r;iaBH*, ^Ajatan rjiaBOM" (Mikl., IV, 
708.), — ^(JjAHie saAOBOAHH cbojom njiaxoM**, Jep ce 
HaBHKOX 6hth AOBOAan OHHJeM, y qeny caM" (ibid., 718.), 
„H 6oaEHJoM j^oBOJtaH cai cja^om", „He 6ht' BOJban Ay- 
fflOM cbojom" (/l,aHH^., 673.); — Kao raxo npeia AftTHBy 
„H0npaBora o6jeKTa" y3 rjiaro^e Moae AotH laKaB hcth a^thb 
H y3 Hese npHABBe, xaKO hcto h o(JpHyTO : npeiia HHCxpyMen- 
xajiy y3 npHAOBe, rope Kasane, Moae aoLh h HHCxpyMeHxaji 
„BenpaBora otfjeExa" ya rjiaro^ie: (JpHHyxH ce h cxapaxH 
ce; xaso Huaiio: „He (ipiiHH ce mojom Ka($aHHiio]f'', «6or 
<5e 6pHHe CHpoxana*, „ne (JpuHHTe ce ajihom cbojom*", 
„caA ce BHrae hh^hm He cxapajxe*" (Mikl., IV, 718.); 
OBasa je, y ocxa^ioM, ynoxpe(Ja Bpjio pexKa, xe ce HHcxpy- 
Menxa^ paAHJe saMeftyje JioBaxHBOM c npeA^oroM o. 

B.) HHcxpyMenxaji aa o^noc bah ozpanuHefhe (1 i- 
mitatioiiis)(*) ya npHAeBe, HMeHHite, na h y3 HOKe 
rjiaro^e: H3(J^Ha:e OApe^yje Ha mxo ce oahoch pe^e- 
HHqHH npHpoK; HHcxpyMenxaji OBAe anaw, ah ce npHpoK 
{haul ApyrH A^-^OBH pe^eHHiie, kojh c HHCxp. ^ene iieJiHHy) 
orpaHH^aBa h;ih cxeme caMO na oho, mxo ce ibHMe 
HMenyje: no eneprH^HocxH CBojoj AO^asH OAMax sa HHCxpy- 
MeHxaJioM ys nacHBne rjiaro^e, a no sHaqeay Apyrnx neKHX 
npHMepa Kao a^ ce naJBHrne npiMH^e nncxpyMenxajiy, rojh 
le AotH 3a H»HM — KayaajiHOM. HpHAeBH — 3a KaKBoLy 
— Mory 6hxh pasHora snaqeaa, a naJBHrne hx je 3a o6HAe 
H ocKyAHiiy; HMeHHiie cy pa3^H^He, a rjiarojiH Majiotfpojnn, 
HenpeJiasHH. TaRo ^SiKAe HMaMo: 

a.) y3 upu^eee: „H 6HJejiHM pynoM (JoraxHJa*', 
,xe je $pyinKa bhhom HSodHJina", „Be;iHKH xHJe^OM, a 



(*) O caMOM HasHBy h 3HaHeu>y OBor HHCTp. ynop. oho y IIo- 
Te6H>e, op. cit, II, cxp. 455. — Be6 ep (aSlovnica hrvatska>*, 1876., 
119.) cTae^a noA caoj »HHCTpyM. cxere® h npHuep : aSdUKH th- 
jeiOM^^ B npHMcp 3a opyl)e : aCOKO nepjeu jiexa.* 



86 IIPU403H 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

MajiOH AJ^-^OM"", „roAHHaMa HajcxapHJE'', ^cHpoianiHE 
AyxoM"*, „He3ApaBH h inje^oM h ajihom" (Mikl.^ 
IV, 721.), ^TaMo cy ajah hhcbh pacxoM*, ^npasH aj- 
xoM, I'.piieM BJepHH*^, „KaBO Ly eece^a jiHueii 6hth?*^ 
„MHorH qoBBB HHJe HaaaAan (JoroM, Hero co6om", „pyKOE 
KJbaKaB ociao*, ^eeo — r;iaBOM rojin — H>era y rpo6 
npaTe** (AaH-, 573. h 574:.)C); 

/3.) y3 uMenuue: „Kk nenvk A^Neub'', „3a Mora 
AytaHOM BOMfflHJy", ,KojHJe6H0 poAOM ByrapHH", „He 
(JyAHie ;yeiia jmom, aero naBomLy AJeTHftHie, a yMOM 
(S^yAHxe caBpineHH'', „cBn cy ciapHHOM Bom&aiin^, „aou- 
cxa caH He ex OH hs ByAHna^ (Mikl., 1. c), »ohh cy cbh 
saHaxoM BHxeaoBH*", „(JyAyliH Aa cy Typitn e caMHM me- 
HOH 6eae rocuoAapH'', „aBo h xHjejioM HHJecaM c BaMa, a;iE 
caM Ay XOM c BaMa" (/I.aHE^., 574.); 

y.) ys zjiazojte: „KaA ce ona ABa Apsexa BpxoM 
cacxa^aa", »Aa th JierneM r.iaBOM Ha spE^io**, Ja^ame Ay- 
XOM**, „noffleHyxE, mxyEnyxH naMety** ; xaBOJeE: »OBpe- 
Hyme ce cpiteM cbojhm y Mhchp^ (Mikl., 1. c); OBaMo, 
a He ys npHMepe sa cneprEHHE ancxpyM., AOJiase e npH- 
Mepn: „0Ha saxpyAHe chhom", „MapEja JeaycoM xeroxna" 
(Mikl., IV, 705). 

7. HHCTpyHeHTEd 8a yapoB h uamepy. 

(KayaaJBu) 

0((a oBa 3HaqeH>a EHCxpyMenxaAOBa y nameM cy jesusy 
pexsa, a Mory hLe sajeAHO, npBo, saxo, mxo je „HaMepa" 
ana^oroH ^yspOBy**, h Apyro saxo, mxo o6a noAJeAHaKa 
(J.aH3y cxoje a sHaqeay npeAH>eM — sa ^oahoc* — h 3Ha- 
qefty HoxofteM — sa ^na^HH." — Hajnpe AO^asa HHCxpy- 
MeHxaJi : 



\}) MuKiomuh (ibid.) CTas^a osaMO h: a^^y^Q co6om AO^pa.''^ 



nPH403II 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3'.1KA 87 

a.) 3a yapoK m^h paa^ior: HMe y uHcrpyMeHTajiy 
Kasyje aamTo ce spniH r^arojiCRa paA^a; tbko BMano: ^Oho 
(CieAepeBo) ce oco6hto MaBH (JeAHMrpoai^eM** (Divk., 

bb.)f „T0K6 HOGH, MH0M6 CO UOHOCH^, „T0 CO Ha^HHH^lO 

HaroHOM'^C) (Mikl., IV, 717.), „^hii ce Kosa AH^H^a, 
THM ce oBAa cpanHJia'', ^^fiM ch mh ce laKo uonecao: hjih 
CHaxoK HJin ceaTOBHHa ha^ rocnoACKHH A^'POM 
npHJaxejbCKHM?** (Divk., ib.); OBAe je, mhcahmo, Mecxo 
H npHMepy: ^xaBo mh CBe nacjoM r;ia^y He noip^io!" 
(a He y peAy ^eneprHTOHx" HHCxp., Kao y Mikl., IV, 
705.), na OBaMo Le janaqHO (?) aoIih h: „CBeMy mh je 
poAy oMHJbejia — MOMe 6paTy ABop(JoM h yroA^OM" 
(BomK., 1760; 

6.) 3a HaMepy: HMe y HHCip. Kaayje pa4u neza ce 
HemTO Aora^; xaBO HMaMo: ,rKoJH napoAHHM hocjiom 
HAy*, „nocao(JHHOM xoaho** „TproBaH>eM aKO aojaj", 
,nouA!(AK^ K^A/iiecTBOMb'' (Mikl., IV, 722.), „BOJH ce 
OH^e A^CHO HapoAHHM nocJioM*' (Divk., 55.). 

8. HHCTpyMeHTaa aa HaHHH. 

KaBo OA npaBor hjih HHCTpyMeHTa;ia aa opy^o, xaKO h 
OA oHor HajcxapHjer, aa aajeAHHAy, na roxoBO h oa cBaKor 
AOcaAanifter — Moae ce y jeanKy Aotn ao HHCxpyMenxajia 
aa Ha^HH r;iaroJicBe paAfte. Ilyx, kojhm ce AO^aan ao oBora 
noc;ieAH>era KOJiyxa y Jianay HHcxpyMenxa^iHHx anaqeaa, Bet 
HaM je noanax: hcxh je onaj, kojhm h asyaaxHB h renexHB 
Morome nocxaxH naAesKH aa Ha^HH, a^H ao^hbhih xo anaqefte 
Aa He ocxany h A&^e naAeain — HMencRH o6ahiih. Hero a^* 



(') li OBEj, a oco6hto npuMep: oTO je oh ua^iHHHO npuna- 
xou^, KOJH TaKol)e MHKioiDHh HaB04H 3a yspoK, laKO Mory 6hth — 
aa sHaquB^. 



88 nPH.IOSM 3 A CBHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

nocTRHy *opMa^He peTO — npHjioan. OnaAaae npaBor 
BHeBCKor 3Ba^eH>a hjih, 6ojhe, rytfiTaR cynciaHi^HJa^HocTH 
HHcrpyMeHTa^Hor SHa^e&a, to h ocxaBJba&e nojiosaja, rojh 
3ay3HMa y pe^OBBUH (npeHa r^aro;iy) cBasH „soch'' naAe;R, 
Kao „rpaMaTHTOH upeAMex* y niHpoKOM CBWCJiy OBe pe^F, 
— Ba BocjieTKy aoboah 3a co6om h obac, Kao h eoa hh- 
cxpyiieBTajia sa mocto h Bpeie, oopMajiBH 3flaqaj, aAsep^H- 
ja^BH uoAomhj CBaKor npasor HBCxpyMeBTajiaC). A^ih cy 
Mflore peqfl, xaso a& Ra^seio, 3acxa;Le Ba oBoiie nyxy, xe 
ce npaBBM aABep($i[jajiBHM AOA^ilHMa (h oa ocxa;iHX naAesa 
B OA HBcxpyMeBxa^ia) Mory CMaxpaxH caMO ob6, Roje ce x^- 
Bac b;ib bb y rom ApyroM o(J;iHRy Be roBope, bjib hm je 
nuAeffiBH o6AiiK ocxaxaR BeRor cxapor, a^bbo H3ry6jbeBor, 
xe ce 6yAyiiH y fi>eMy, h Be CMaxpajy Rao BMeBa, BeL Rao 
iipaBH npH;i03H. 

MoAa^^^Hora BBCxpyiieBxajia BMaMO y r^iaBBOi xpB 
^^y^a]^. : apsB ce b xpeLa pa3;iHRyjy oa Apyrora cbojbm apa- 

BUM (B AftHaC BpH3BaXBM) BBCXpyHeBXajlBBM 0($^BROM, a 

npBH B ApyrH OA xpeLera BpaBHM MOAa;iBHM 3BaqeB»eM 
(Ba cyspox xpebeHy: „3a noja^aH>e''). TaRo A^KAe BnaHo: 

a 1 MoAa/iHN NHCTpyMeHTaji AaHauiH>era otfiiNKa. 

06abr ce pe^H jom ap^^h Rao sue, xe je b Aanac npasB 
BBCxpyiieBxaji, a 3BaqeH>e „3a Ba^MB* Ao6BBa JiaROM npoMe- 
BOM 3Ba^eB>a BeRnx AOcaAaB>Bx BBCxpyMeBxa^ia. Mofjih 6bc«o 



(') Vnop. A. noTe6Hii, op. cit., II, 463 Ma^o «iac noA 4Hhh- 
joM HaBeAOHa HanoMOHa o npHMcpy ((To ce yHHUH.io HaroHOM" jeno 
Hac MOHce noyiHTH. HHCTp. aa yapoK «HaroHOM» ocxahe na^eHc u aua- 
MHhe yapoK, aok ce OBa pe'i flyAe cMaTpa.ia Kao caMOCTaana : huh 
TO He CyAe, hhm oHa, cjhhho pe^iH npHna^oM y .ipyroM xaiio na- 
BeAeHOM npHMepy (qTo je oh ua«iuHHO npHnaAOM"), ii3ry6B CBOjy 
caifocTaAHOCT H cyncxaHaHjajHOCT, xe, penHMO, ocxane cano y xom 
o6jiHKy (naroHOM), ona nocxaje npuaor, ii 3HaHeH>e Kayaaano npe- 
Aaau y MOAajHO. 



nPMJ03H BK CMHTAKCy CPHCKOrA JE3HKA 



89 



Me^y npaBHH mua^jihhm HHCTpyiieHTajiHHa pas^iHsoBETH one, 
KOJH cy OA p^^ft n y ocxa^iHx o6^HqHHa ynoTpedj&RBaHHX, 
OA OHHX, KojH cy OA p6^H ($63 Apyre, ceM HHCTpyieHTa^He, 
ynoTpefie. TaKO BMaMo: 

a.) IIopeA npHMepa ,to je oh HawHHO npHnaAOM", 
Tfl,e je HHCxp. sa yapoK najeAHaqeH c obhm sa na^HH, — jom 
H OBe npHMepe caMO sa Ha^HH: ^TaRo mh CBe ape on inxe- 
TOM He nora^o!**, „cejo Moja, Ao(JpoM cpetoM (Jh;io!* 
(Mikl., IV, 723. h 724.), Tj\e ce coi^HJaTHBHO SHa^efte 
OKpeLe y MOAa.aHO, — sa thm: „Ay6H rocnoAa 6ora cbo- 
jera CBHJeM cpiteM cbojhm**, tag oa HHcxp. sa »oahoc" 
H jyKHma naAa sanjibHiiaHa, nas nanaAa jiOKBHi^aMa'' 
OA HHCTp. sa ;(,opy^e" nocxaje oBaj sa ,,HaqHH*'; — Taso 
y npHMepy ^le oashbom (JpAO ysje^ajio** qa HHCip. „eHep- 
raqnor** (Mikl., IV, 705.) xaKo^e nocxaje ^MOAajinn"; — 
Taso HHaMO jom H npHMepe : „cycjeAe ce csyne roMHJiaHa 
npeA Mojy Kyty", ^rpHyme CBHfte qonopoM", ^csaKaBiiH j a- 
xHMa AOAHjeky" hxa., Boje — s(5or SHa^eaa caMHX pe^n: ro- 
MH4a, jaxo, ^onop, cxaAO hxa. — MnEJioniHL cxaBjta y 
oco6hxh paspeA MOAa^iHor HHCxpyMeHxajia : II Tku amn („hh- 
cxpyHeHxa^L oa 6pojeBa: TbUAyTiic&uiTAH Apyrnx HMena 
sa KOAHqHHy", Mikl., IV, 711.)('); — xaKO je Aa-te: „a 
xflcjeAH xypcKHM o6HqajeM", „chaom Mene 6a(Jo AftAe**, 
^pe^e BejiHBHJ en rjiacoM", ^rAJeno BOAa 6y kom xe^e", 
„2LA^ My KOftHit ftHCKOM OAroBapa", „HoBHua ce rpoxo- 
xoK CMHJame^, „a manaxoH 3($opH capoTHfta'', „oacko- 
KOM CKO^H ja6yKa* (pe^H rpoxox, nianax h oackok 
Hajqemlie ce roBope y HHcxpyMenxajiy, pe^e y HOMHHaxHBy 
H aKysaxHBy, a HHKaKO hjih 6ap Bp^o pexKO h y bom Apy- 
roM uaAeKy), „KaKBOM fee CMpxn yMpHJexn?", „peKOM 
BpBAa noAeM xe^e*" hxa.; 



(*) ynop. A. noTe6.. op. oit., U, 469. 



90 aPIU03H 3 A CBHTAKCy CPnCKOrA JE3HKA 

/3.) Haj(Joji»e ce HHCxpyiieHTa^oM BasyjeHa^HH, 
BaA ce H>eroBa HxenHna hh y rom BHine ApyroM 
o6aekj He roBopH: ^KpaAOM ao H>e Ao^e**, »OAe KpH- 
moM^'y ^xajoH HAy Kpo3 Eopexa pasHa'', ^OTBopeHa Bpaia 
fflBpoM*", »nyHO AynROM", „CTaAe itHnoM**, ^h AHrayte 
rpeAOM noAropHiiy'', ^sa^Ke HspeROM'', ^aRO ostfHJbon 
roBopHie^, „HjROH HAy RHtieflH CBaxoBH'', ^BaMyRHynie 
MpaMopROMe'' (cBeyMikL, IV, 709. h A an h^., 576. 
fl 577.); xaRO ce roBopn h peAOM Rao npH^or, a ne Rao 
HHCxpyMenxaji, h aRO HNa h cBe ocxa^e o($^HRe: «naR 3a- 
n^ana peAOU h BomftaRe'' (Mikl., ibid.). 

6.) MoAaiiHN MHCTpyiieHTa;! cxapora otfiiNKa. 

(caAa CEMO npuaor) 

HeRH ce cxapH HHcxpyMenxajiH 3a(JopaBHme Rao hmbh- 
CRH o^AiuMPy jep HM jo HpBRHHyxa CBesa c ocxa^HM npaBHM 
HHCxpyMeHxajiHMa, y jesHRy ca^yBanHM, xe hx Aanac rpaMa- 
xHRa H He ($e;iesM Rao HHencRe ortjiHRe, nero Rao npase 
npn^ore: xo cy ocxai^H HORaAafter HHCxp. MHOSHne 
cpoAfter poAa (hom. AeR^HHaunje) oa npHACBft, nocxa- 
;iHX HacxaBROM kCKi; A^HaiuBH um saBpmexaR cku h hu 
cxoJH Mecxo HCRaAafter (ex. mob.) kCKU. TaRO HMaMo: 
^(JpaxHHCRH aRHBexH*", ^ByqRH CRa^e, se^RH nocRaRyje", 
„6oJbe Han je MymRH norHnyxH, nero mencRH Haxpar hs- 
(JjernyxH" (Mikl., IV, 723.), xaRO A0Jia3H h: mojcrh, 
HaniRfl, xaRH (Mikl., IV, 157.) hxa. 

B.j MoAaJiHM NHCTpyMeHTaji aa nojanaibe. 

y HHcxpyMeHxajiy cxoje HMeHHAe, no ochobh h no sna- 
^eH>y cpoAHe c r;iaro;iHMa, ys Roje AOJiase, Aa noRaaay 
Katco ce BpmH paAfta. Ys HMeaHuy MOKe (Jhxh y HHcxpy- 
Menxajiy h rojh npHAes sa RaRBoLy, a Moate npHAena h ne 



I1PIU03H 3A CIlHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE8HKA 91 

<5hth: h y jeAHOM h y ApyroM CJiy^ajy ^HMeiHi^a MyatH caMo 
3a iBHBJbe jaqe HCKa3HBaH>6'' C). Ho snaqe&y je oBaj hh- 
CTpyiieHTaji cjiBqan c aKysaxHBOM ^ynyTapifcer odjeKxa*, jep 
je Ha o($a xecia ocHOBa HM6HHqRa jeAHana c Maro^CROM, h 
Ha o(Ja Mecxa layTOJiorHJy saxieBa ocodnTa noipefia napoA- 
Hor Han noexcRor cxnjia. TaRo HiiaMo: „Bac RpBaBOM nje- 
HOM sanjeHHO* • (MikL, IV, 714.), „hhbom ^h ce ae- 
AOM HomeAecMo', — ^6o;iom 6o;iOBanie*', „pa3(Jo^H ce 
6ojIom (Je3 6o;iecxH^, „ohh 6jeate 6jeroM 6e3 o(j3Hpa'', 
^apHCROM BpHmxetH*, „BHROM BH^e", „ra30M npera- 
3HXH*, „ro^y6H ryKOM ryRaxy*", ,hh AynioM ne AHme**, 
„MpaiiopoM ce MpaMopH^a, aRaMenoM RaMennjia!", „ro- 
pHi^a JIHCXOM ^Hcxajia'', „cBe 6HJanie MaHOM no]faMHJia''y 
„CBH cepAapH MyROM 3aHyRonie'', „cbh jyHaiiH hhrom no- 
HHRome", ^MHffljby cejeMyjo 3aMHCJiHo^, ^HHJecaM ra cp- 
^ell cpAHca-ia** (Mikl., IV, 716.), ,xohom xohc, xonytH 
6ccjeAH*, „3a BHM MaJRa xcrom xe^e*, „xpRoii xpqw hh3 
(Jnjeiiy Ry^y" (AaHH^., 576.); APyK^HJer je sna^eaa (caMo 
3a naran): „crorom CRaqy" (Mikl., ibid.). 

9. GoByHAapHH h^h npeAnBaxHBHQ 
HHCxpymeHTaa. 

IIpeMa cBBMa AOcaAamibHM cxoJH sacetfno Rao naAes ca 
CBHM ApyKwj^ ynoxpe6e — ^ceRyHAapHH* h^h „npeAHRa- 
xhbhh* HHCxpy Menial. He (Jam xa^Ho Hue obo hoch onaj 
HHCxpyMenxaji — ne saxo, inxo 6h, peitrao, y pe^enHUH 
tffl^ia ABa HHcxp., na a^ je oa h»hx oh ApyrH, hhxh onex 
3axo, mxo oh, 6affl Rao HHCxp., Moae 6hxh npoAHRaxHBHH 
naAes: caio HOHHHaxHB y Hameii je3HRy Mome 6hxh npann 
npeAHRaxHBHH naAeaf, jep BHAecMo a^ y npHpoRy („c;ioace- 
Hoi'') HMencRH Aeo Mopa ($hth HOMHHaxHB, Rao npaBH eRBH- 



(*) Mikl, IV, 718. 



^2 nPIU03H 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOPA JE3HKA 

BajieHaT HOMHHaxHBy-noAMeTy. HHCip. ce oeaj 30Be ^Apyra" 
(ceKyHAapHH) h ^npeAHKaTHBHH*' — 3aT0, niTo oh h;ih BpniH 
<5Jiy»6y HjiH AOJiasH ua mccto ^Apyrnx, noAyAapHHX na- 
^e3RB, opeAHsaTHBEHx'' Hamera jesHRa, a inHe OAroBapa xaRo 
SBaHOM npeAHsaTHBHOM HOMHHaTHBy H anysaTHBy rpwor b 
AM. je8HKa(^). HHa AaRJie cjiy^ajeBa, y RoJHMa HHCxp. can 
C060M, no npipoAH cBora sHa^efta, Eao Aonyna r;iaro;icKa 
(npHpoROBa) OAPOBapa HamHM ApyrHH, noAyAapHHM naAesHMa, 
xe ce no H>HMa h can nasHBa h npeABRaTHBHHM ; HNa onex, 
H join BHnie, npHMepft, rAe HHCTpyMeHia^y ynpano h HHJe 
<5h;io MecTo, Hero je ;iaROM npoMenoM Maro^cEor anaqeBa 
Aomao, Aft 3aMeHH(^) nosnaTe nan npeAHRaTHBHe naAese: 
ApyrH HOMBHaiflB h Apyrn aRyaaTHB, (Apyrn ahthb je Bp^io 
poAaR, H AO^a.sH caHo eeniTO Ha^o y pe^eHEqaMa 6e3 noA- 
Hbia). npBe cjiy^aje momh 6hcmo HasBaiH: ^npeAHRaTHBHi 
HHCTpyMeHTa^ Rao Aonyna** — saTO, mio on, noiH^ytH 
H3 MOAa^Hor HHCip., CTOJH y3 rjiaroji paAH caMora r;iaro;ia, 
CJIHMHO CBHMa npaBHM HHCTpyMeHxajiHMa, le totobo y npaBOsc 
CMHMy Aonyftyje neAOBOAHy npHpoROBy caApaRHHy. ApJ^h 
cjiy^aj Mose ce Ha3BaTH ^npeAHRaTHBHH HHCipyMeHTaA Rao 
0ApeA(5a" — 3aT0, mio y CMHC^y ^rpaMaxHTOe OApeA<Je*' 
A0Jia3e H noMenyTH „APyrH, noAyA^pHH*' npeAHRaiBBEH na- 
Ae»H, na 3aT0, mio je ^OApeA(Ja* ABOjaRa, oh Moaie 6hth 
OBAe: npBo, „npeAHRaTHBHH RHCTpyieHTaji — aTpH^yi* 
H Apyro, „npeAHRaTHBHH HHCTpyMeHTa^i — ano3HitHJa*, 
a H npBH nyT h Apyrn nyx, h Mecio npeAHRaTHBHor homh- 
HaiHBa H HecTO npeAHR. aRysaiBBa, jom Tpe($a noMenyiH Aa, 



(*) Mikl.. IV, 727. — Vnop. h A. noTe6H»a. op. cit.. II, 486. 

(^) 3aT0, mTo Obaj, no(MeAH>H ua pe^y, uHCTpyMeHTaj AOiasH y 
peHOHHiiaMa h.ih nao ^ajbe 4H4>epeHaoBaHa 4>yHKqHja o6H^Hora BHcrpy- 
MOHTaja U4H caMO Kao aacTynHMK Apyrux npe^RKaTUBUHX naAe>Ka, — 
OH H HHje Morao ao6iith oHano 3ace6uo mccto y pejiy HHCTpyneH- 
TaiHHX 3Haqeii>a, KaKBO AaAOCMo «4pyroif, noAy^apuoM*^ hour- 
HaTHBy, aKyaaTUBy b AaTHsy. 



nPII403U 3A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JESHKA 95 

H3 pasjiorft, soje keiio oahex a^^^^ HaBecxH, nose HacTaxH 
H npoAeCy sasaHOM npoTHBan : sao inxo HHCip. AOJiasH mbcto 
npeAHK. HOKHHaTHsa, xaso 0, o($pHyTO, necTO HHCTpyneHTajia^ 

MOSe AOiiH npeAHR. HOMHHaTHB. 

a I npeANKaTNBHN NHCTpyiieHTaJi Kao AonyHa. 

IIpaBH npeAHK. HHCxpyMeHTaji nose 6nTH nasBaB 
H „naA6ai aa npexBapafte^, jep oh, AO^aseliH ys rjia- 
rojie, KOJH SHa^e Heno ^HAeajino Kpexaibe'', h npBo($HXHe 
anaqeiiH na^HH xora RpexaH»a h rMroJicse paAH>e y onmxe, 
— caAa 03HaqaBa oho, y mxo ce Hosa cxBap npexBapa, 
OHO, nixo xeB nocxaje, ^iHMe ce nenrro HiieHyje(*) h x. a. 
Jbahom pe^jj, ft Hie ce Kasyje oho, mxo ce r^arojicBOM noA- 
Mexy npHHHcyje Bao neKa noBa My oco($HHa: oa sna^efta 
,KaKO?* HAe ce sa sHaqeay ^mxa?*, ^AOAftTaK** ce npi- . 
6.iHsaBa ^npHpoRy/ Aae &e onaj HHCxp. ocxaxH npHpoBOBa 
Aonyna („npeAMex" y mHpoBoii cMHC^y) y npaBOM cbom no- 
^oxajy — caMo aohac, AORJie taslvoa (JyAe Apsao cBoje 
npaBO MaxepHJa^HO snaqefte: ^hh r^iaroA cnaAne na xo, a^ 
6yAe y peqeHiAH caMo cnona, a^ ce nose HSJeAHa^HXE c an- 
cxpaKXHHM Maro.ioi esse, — OAMax HHcxp. npecxaje 6hxh 
caiocxajiaH boch naAe», ^Aonyna* y npaBOM CMHC^iy, xe ce 
jeAHaTO c ocxajiHM OAreA<JaMa. IIIxo jo CAatfnja eneprHja, 
fflxo je Beta mbxhbhocx rJiaroJicBe paAfte; xo Le cne c^a- 
6qa 6iBaxH h CBesa Me^y HHCxpyHeHxaJiHOM AonynoM — caAa 
BeL npeAHB. axpH6yxoM — h noAMexoM (hjih npeAMexoi) (*),^ 
a BeLa naBJiOHOcx oBora AOA^Tsa jeAHa^efty h c^arafty (oco- 
(Jhxo y naAejBy) c noAMexoM. OxyAa : necxo npeAHB. HHCxpy- 
MOHxa^ia Moae ao^h ^Apyrfl**, npeAHB. HOMBnaxHB. TaKo: 



(*) Mikl., op. cit., IV, 727. 

(*) A. noTe6Ha, op. cit.. II, 493. 



94 npHwioan 3 a cwHTAKcy cpncKorA je3hka 

a.) HHCTpyMeHxaji join HHJe ca cbmm H3JeAHa- 
qen cnoAHeTOM, xe ce ee Mo^e hh saiieHHTH npe- 
AHKaxHBHHM HOMHHaxHBOM; rjiaro^H, ya Koje oh AO^asH, 
o6htoo cy: npexBopHXH ce, npoiexHyxH ce, npoBptn 
ce, npoxypHXH ce; xaKo hmrmo: „/l.a jih mh ce MyxoM 
npexBopHXH*, „Aa 6hcmo ce cojby npoMexHy;iH*, „npoBpli' ty 
ce npenejiHuoM", „K0ca ce je p^oM npoxypHJia" ; xaao je 
MoasAftH: ^OLHBO cpue 6jeine BaMeHOtf osaMeHHJio'' (Mikl, 
IV, 728.); — xaKO je OBaj HHCxpyMeHxa;i AO^asHo h ya r.ia- 
rojie: cxBopaxH ce, SBaxa ce, sasaxH ce: ,cxBop' ce, 
Ayfflo, y rpaAHHH pyaoM", ^nasoBe ce ^apeM cpncKHM"*, 
„He xxe ce Kasaxa ibhxobhm 6paxoM", ^yKasHBarae ce 
Bp;io Bece^iHM h aaAOBo^bHHM'' (BomB., 183.), a;in: 

/J.) Ya noMOHyxe r;iaro;ie Moa:e ao^irshxh h 
HOMHHaxHB (OBAe je HHCxpyMenxa;! nocxao npaBH n p e a h k. 
axpH({yx — rApyrn ago CJioateHor npHpoKa''); xaKO HMaMo: 
„Ja fey ce caA cxBopixa jeAHa xproBMHa'', „a BH;ia ce 
HaiHHH AGBOJKa", „HHTH CO 30BHxe y^Hxeifcu", „Aa ce 
MH BaAaHH noKaatOMo" (Mikl., IV, 728.). 

6.) ripeANKaTHBHN HHCTpyMeHTaji Kao OApeAtia 

(MecTo <,ApyrHX», npeAHKaxHBHHX naAewa). 

ya rjiaro^ie, eojh ana^e 6flBaH>e hjih cBprneno nocxa- 
jaae (ne A^K^ae paAfty Kao Kpexaae, Hero Kao cxaae 
— peay^xax oHora raxo je ypa^eno), Moate AOiiaanxH HHCxp. 
Ha Mecxo npeAHii. HOMHHaxHBa h aKyaaxuBa. Pa3;ior OBoj aa- 
MeHn H npeKHHyxoM cjiaraay (^noAyAJ^paH.y'*) axpH6yxa cnoA- 
MexoM BHAHMO y Bekoj eHeprHJH r;iaro;iCKoj : y ko./ihko ce 
BHHie oaro^i ocefca caMocxajiaa, BHme cftM AOBO^aa a^ <5yAe 
npepoK, — y xojihko ce aeroB axpH6yx Mume o^Jiaw hh- 
cxpyMeHxajiOM, xe Kao nocxaje npHpoKOBa Aonyna. IIopeA 
o6HqHor npeAHRaxHBHor MHCxpyMeHxa;ia aaaxpitfyx (y 



nPH403H 3A CHHTAKCy CPllCKOrA JE3HKA 95 

y«eM CMJfay) HMaMo h Apyrn, oa ftera y He^ew pasiiHiBH, 
anosHTHBHH HHCTpyMeHxawi. HpHpoAa oBora HHCTpyien- 
Ta^a TyMa^H ce npHpoAOM caMe anosHi^HJe^ Boja, KaKO sHaiio, 
CTOJH Ha cpeAHHH ne^j npHpoKOM H npocTHM axpHOyxoM. 
Obab ce HHCxp. join 6;iHate npHMHqe axpn^yxy, xe AOJiasH ya 
noAMex, peKJio (5h ce, ne Kao npeAHKaxHBHH, Hero roxoBo Kao 
npaBH axpntfyx, jep „rMro;iCBe eneprnje boa anosHiiHJe hh- 
KaKO HeMa'' (IIoxetfRa, II, 494.)- C xora te (Jhxh: 

a.) IIpeAEXaTBBHE EECTpjTMeHTaJI — aTpE67T. 

IIpeMa naAeary, KOMe ce HHCxp. M0»e CMaxpaxH Eao 
axpH6yx, HuaHo: 

a.) IIpeAHK. HHCxpyMeHxa;i Mecxo upeAHK. 
HOMUHaTuea ; Ao;ia3H ys rjiaro.ie :jecaM, 6hxh, nocxaxH, 
HacxaxH, ocxaxH; xaEOHMaMO: „AacaMxo6oM, ja 6hx 
xo iipyB^HJe paAuo'', ^bubii Ki^AAieuk'', „KaBO ;ih Lem, a^ 
XH KyMOM 6yAeM", „^ap xh 6HJax, aob l^eBOJBOM 6HJax", 
„.iacH0 je noBpuj qama jyHaBOM (Jhxh" (Mikl., lY, 730. 
u 731.), „ByBafflHH nocxane KpajieM", „OABaEocaM KHe- 
3 011 nocxaHyo**, „Moae ah h kheo D^pHoropau APyrojawJH 
(Shxh h ocxaxH npaBHM D^pnoropi^eM?" (AaHH^HL, 
578. H 579.); 

B.) IIpeAHK. HHCxpyMeHxa^a Mecxo npeAHK. 
aKijaaTuea; yMecxo Aa ys aByaaxHB npaBora o6jeKxa Aot>e 
joffl H ApyrH aEyaaxHB (nenoAyAapHH) — Kao aeroB npeAHK. 
axpH^yx, AOJiasH HHcxpyMCHxa;i : paAH ]^^^ caMOCxaji- 
HocxH OBora AOAaxEa, ys r.aaro;ie BelnoMenyxe; 6jihckocx 
OBora npeAHK. flHcxpyMenxa;ia onoMe 3a „HaqHH" — Bp;io 
je jacna h BeABKa. TaKO HMaMo: „CxBopHffle xe n pax cm 
H neneAOM*', ^y^HHH ra ApyaR(5a cxapemnnoM", „rpa- 
AHMO ra ^aaiOM**, ^a xyljana cxaanx' rocnoAapoM", „bo 
je Mene nocxanno cyAHJOM hah BMexoM hha BaMa?*", „Kora 
teio BpLfl cepamkepoM?'', ^Mexnyiiy xe ao ce6e Be3H- 



96 nPH.103H 3 A CHHTAKCy CPnCKOFA JE3HKA 

poM", ^Ty^y MaJKy MaJKOM SBaxH*', „mh teiio ra ysei^ 
rocnoAapoM" (Mikl., IV, 728.), ^nixo Me soBem 6jia- 
THM?*, „OHAe Le ra nporjiacHTH KpaAeM** (A^h., 581.); 

fi.) npeffEKaTEBBE EECTpyMeHTaJi — anosmiqa. 
H oBAe ce, kho h nanpeA, paa^iHKyjy ABa ay^aja: ano- 

3UTHBHH HHCXp. yS H AMO T H an 3 H T H BE H HHCXp. 

ys npeAMer. H y jeAHOM h y ApyroM ciyqajy HHCip. can 
co($OM Kasyje apJTH npHpos, cjih^ho ohom, tab HOMHHaxHBHa 
anosHi^HJa, HsjeAHaqena c noAMexoM, Kasyje Apyrn noAMex. 
CBeaa ASMel^y OBor HHcxp. h noAiexa xo^hko je pacKHHyxa^ 
Aa OH HH Majio He saBHCH OA oaBHor npHpoRa, ys kojh ao- 
jiasH ; c xora npHpoR obhx pe^eHHAa nose 6Hxn o^ Kora My 
Aparo xjiaro^ia. TaKO HMaMo: 

a.) AnosHXHBHH HHCxp. ys uo^mst: y HHCxp. 
CTOJH OHO, fflxo ce Kasyje Kao Apyrn npHpoK, h AO^asH ys 
noAMex Kao CKpalena AOA^Ha pe^eHHita; xaKO je: 
„Ako rocxoM AO^em", „noxKyj h Mene, neKa 6hx KOftCM 
y ropy xeK.aa'*, „Aa t' nonrpaM, KaK' caM l^aKOM Hrp'o*'^ 
,CBaKa je AO(Jpa a^bom, ho a^ je bhahmo neBOM", „CKeH- 
Aep 6er je cp^a O^HABla, aji' yMpnje tyatHHM Hsrna- 
hhkom**, ^aene, Koje cy ^enoJKaMa (jHJie y KpajbHitaMa". 
„y^e KaAOxoM y pereMenxy", „jeAHa aHniKa, nixo je hs- 
jiexHyjia n SBJesAKiioM k He6y npHOHy^ia*, »^e je spia 
KJiHiiy saMexHy.^0, onl^e neKa h hvioaom no^Hne* ; — ajiH 
H OBAe Mose AohH HOMHHaxHB: ^Aft ce KG Bjepan Ha^e"" 
(cBe y Mikl., IV, 732. h 733.); 

B.) AnosHXHBHH HHCxp. ys ups^MSTi y HHCxpy- 
Menxajiy cxoJH oho, mxo 6ii ce Kao AOAftTaK npoAMexy Ka- 
sajio i^ejioM pe^eHHKOM, y Kojoj 6h xaj HHcxp. 6ho 
pjiaBHH Aeo npnpoKOB; xaKO HMaMo; ^KjiexH Typi^H BHxe- 
30BH AJexexoM ra san;i'jeHHnie", „Aa to Typi^H qoAOM 
He 8apo6e' (Mikl., IV, 734.), ^Befc ra po6oM AOBOAHxe**^ 
»KOJy A^Hac CHaoM mh BHAHxe^ (AaHH^aL, 563.). 

7. Jyjia 1885. 
KparyjeBau. 

1 m t 



EHryiECKA, OPAHUYCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA 

HADUCAO 

J. S. AsaxyMOBzi 



(hactabak)('). 

A- FasjLHBa Y ocTsapeay onTyasHe 

CHCTOMe. 

y oBOMe je oneT ocHOBea paa^Hsa Hsiieljy enr^iecKor h 
^panuycRor npasa. 

y enrjiecKOM KasHeHOM nocTjnKy or^ieAa ce noTHyHO r 
Bpjio AOMGAHO H3Bol)efte oniyKHor npHHi^nna. A y $pafl- 
i^ycRoj ce oqHxyje ca cbhm npoTHBHo Ha^e^o. Ma a^ y ^pan- 
KycKOJ HMa Hapo^HTor ap^^bhop HaAJienrrBa, Roje noRpeLe 
Hcrpary o RaRBOM RasneHOM oniyatefty; Ma Aa je to naA- 
-leniTBO Ay»HO Aft AORaayje cBojy Tya6y, na y to hmc 
Aa ^HHH noTpe({He npeA-iore KasHenoM cyAy, — oneT 4»paH- 
i^ycRH RasHeHH nocTynaR h cyBHme onoMHse na HeMaqRH h h- 
RBH3HKH0HH HOCTynaR. H>Hiie ce npH CBeM TOM cMepa: a^ 
ce OA onTy»eHHRa, no mio — no to AO(iHJe npHanaae Rpn- 
BHi^e; HjiH 6ap a^ ce onTyasenHR narna, a^ cbojhm ^aratbOM^ 
npoTHBpe^Hi^aMa h HeAanaibeM OAroBopa oja^a ochobo noAO- 
speaa, rojhx 6h 6h;io npoTHB ftera. H obo ce roa Opan- 
^y3a jaBAa He caMO npn^iHROM npeTXOAne ncTpare, nek h y 



(*) Bhau raacHMK 62 

r4ACHHK LXIX. 



98 EHr-lECKA, *PAHUyCKA M CPnCKA nOPOTA 

r^iasHOM HSBH^fty teko npHKpHBeno, a* ce c lora h y 
$paHitycBOJ Bpjio qecTO ^yjy MHqHe aaji(Je, Koje cy h y 
HeiiaTOOJ (jH^e ca cbhm npHpoAHe h nyTne npoTHB hhkbhsh- 
i^oHor npHHi^Hna y BasHBHOM nocxynBy. YspoK OBasBOJ m&hh 
opani^ycKor KasHOHor nocrynsa norjiaBHTO je y tomb, mro 
cy ^pani^ysn nopoTy cMaxpajiH Binne Bao yciaHOBy no^H- 
T H ^ B y Hero Bao npasny. 3a to cy ce ohh cjia6o h crapajiH 
Aa nopoTHHM 3aB0H0M 3aA0B0^e HapoTOTo npaBHB 3a- 
XTOBe. Ha xaj na^HH nocxajio je, a& ce opaniiycBH BasHeHH 
nocxynaB Hopa a& cnaxpa Bnme Bao hhbbhshiihohh, h aBo 
H boa OpaHity3a xeB xy3K({a nospete Hcxpary o BaBBOM 
BaSftHBOM AeAj. 

/I,a ($Hcifo AOBasa.iH xy ocHOBHy pas^iHsy HSMel^y en- 
r^iecBe h opani^ycBe npeAHCxpare, mh beMo caAa hs^oshxh 

B1HXOB6 nOJOAHHOCTH. 

i. YEHr/iecKoj. 

y Enr^ecBoj npeAHCxpare (examination) Bprnn npn- 
MHpHH cyAHJa y CBOMe Bpyry paAa. Taj cyAHJa, Bao hc- 
xpa^BHHBy HMa Bjiacx H noiiHi^HCBy h cyACBy. 

Hy y •loHAOHy xo hcxo Bprnn HapowxH ^hhobhhb, bojh 
ce 30Be ^o;lH^HCBH cyAHJa. 

A onex y c;iyqajy y({HCXBa, Hcxpary Bprnn Boponep, 
Bao mxo CMO nanpeA noBasa^H. 

Kao mxo bhahmo, xo cy cbo cyACEe jih^hocxm, Boje 
Bpme npoAHcxpary, a HHcy hojihuhcbh WHOsnimH. 

^AapajytH napo^nxo rjiacoM Ha xy oco^Hny enrjiecBor 
Basnenor nocrynBa oahocho HCxpaannqBe jihtoocxh, — mh 
bemo A^^6 A& noBa^BOHo, BaBo ce oxno^Hfte, a BaBO BpmH 
npoAHCTpara boa Enrjiesa. 

IIoBOA BaBBOJ HCxpa3H Aaje o6htoo BaBBa AOCxaBa 
npHMHpHOM cyAHJH. Ta AOCxaBa loate Aa <5yA6 h;ih oa ho- 



EHT^ECKA, *PAHUyCKA H CPnOKA nOPOTA 99 

Bpe^enor h onrreleHor, eau ofl, KaKBor jaBHor AOCiaBj^aqa 
(nojiHMHCKor qHHOBHHKa h;ih K0ffCTa6;ia, to jecx ^ojlH^BCKo^ 
cjiysHOi^a). 

Taj AOCTaBAa^ AOitHHJe npniia na ce6e y^ory Ty- 
» H A a. Asa carypHocT, Aa ^^ oh OBy y^ory na ce(Je 
AOHCTa H npHMHTH, o(Jhtoo ce, npH AOCiaBH, TpaaH ab, oh 
jLOAomn KayAHjy. 

Hy npH CBeM tom oh ce hph;ihkom npeixoAHe Hcipare 
jom H6 CMaTpa Kao npaBH tyslhaslh, BeL BHme Kao AOCiaB- 
Asm. C Tora npHMHpHH cyAHJa HHJe Beaan sa oho, hito 6k 

OH AOCTaBHO. TaBO OH HO MOpa A^ HCHHTa CaMO 0H6 CBO- 

AOKe, Boje ($H HMOHOBao AOCTaB^a^, boL oh MO^e, a& ^^ 
H 6ojbe casHao ciBap, a^ npOAysMO h flnaqe cbb hito 6h na- 
mao 3a noipe^HO h sa mio 6e 6ho HaA^esan no cBone (viys- 
6enoji nojiosajy. Gen xora, oh Moaie caH, no CBOMe naxo- 
^efty, Aft npHTBopH oniyateHEKa, h a* npoAysMe Hcxpary. 
Hy 11 aKo TO noKasyje, a^ npHMMpnn cyAHJa Kao HCTpaac- 
HBK HHa BOJiHKy BJiacT, 01101 CO H3 Tora He ({h CMe^io n3- 
BecTH, Aft ce THMe pyniH onTyaiHH ^pHH^H^. Ha npoxHB, 
y raftafty Sjio^iiHa CBaKaBo ce oa qecxn orjiOAa h HHxepec 
rpa^aHCKor ApymxBa, mxo noKasyje h caia ^opMa, hoa ko- 
joM ce oTHo^HRe H npoAyatyje Kasnena Hcxpara, jep ce y Eh- 
rjiecKOJ CBaKa xy»6a y KasnenHM onxyateBHMa noKpefce „j 
HMO Kpajba.* A nopoA Tora, rpa^HHH enr^iecKH HMa npano 
paqynaxH, Aa te ra Apaasa hoxhomoLh y HcnyRaBafty ro- 
roBe xeniKe rpa^ncKe Ay«HocxH, y ko;ihko aeroBa npHBaxna 
cpeACTBa He 6e ($HJia AOBOJLna 3a raftai^e 3*iowHa, h;ih h y 
ROJiHKO He 6h AOXHi](a;ia seroBa cnpena h 3Hai&e. 

Me^y XHM onex CMop enryiecKe npoAHCxpare ne HAe AaJfce, 
BoL Aa ce caMO casHa xo : Aa ^h y npHHeceHHM h npn^pa- 
HHM AOBasHMa HMa ocHOBa 3a xyffi({y, h;ih 6h je na npoxHB 
xpefia^o HanycxHXfl. C xora enxjiecKa npOAHcxpara neiia no- 
Tpe6e, HBXH ce ynymxa y KaKBa Ayra^Ka HcnHXHBaaa. To 

7* 



100 EHr^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPOCKA HOPOTA 

OHa pa^H y tomko Ma^e, inxo leE BejiHBa nopoTa, apoA. 
KojoM ce AOCTaBi»aq jaBJba Bao TyalHJla^y Hia a^ oi^eHH : a& 
;iH je Ty»6a ocHosaHa h;ih ho. To je yspoK, xe eHrjiecEa 
npoAHcrpara HMa Ty npOBary naA •paHKycBOM h HeiiaqBOH^ 
Aa H6 Tpaje OHaKo Ayro, Kao koa obhx. A h caMa la KpaT- 
Koka npeAHCipare, na je Bet cpeAcxBo, a* ^ cnpe^n hh- 
KBHSHTopcKa TesH»a HCTpare y onmie, Koja 6h htslm na to^ 
Aa 6h ce ao6h;io npHssaite oa oniymeHnKa. 3aR0H Hcinna 
HHJe y EHFJiecKoj OApeAHO kojihko lo^e TpajaxH npeAHC* 
xpara. A;ih y npaKXHUM ona pexKO xpaje BHme oa 8 — 10 
Aana; a HesaAa cy Aocxa sa xo h caiio xpH A^Ha. Hy no- 
poA Tora, Aa ne 6h qHHOBHfli<H xy npoAficxpary 6e3 noxpe(Je 
pa3B7iaqH4H, OApe^ene cy y EnrjiecBoj xemKe Kasee sa one, 
KOJH ({h npeAHCxpary OAyroBJiaqH^m npeso noxpe6e. Y xoj 
0ApeA(5H cxporHX Kaana 86or OAyroBJia^OHia npeAHCxpare la- 
jiasH ce BOJiHfia rapaHXHJa sa JiH^Hy ((eatfeAHOCx rpal^ana ; a 
y Hcxo BpoMe y xom ce orjieAa h npaKXH^aH Ayx Enr^iesa, 
Jep 668 xaBBHX BasHa, ysaiiaH 6h 6H^a cBaBa OApoA^a sa- 
BOHa, Boja 6e Hape^HBa;ia h Ma BaBo spaxaB poB sa xy 
npoAHCxpary. EaA HCxpa^BHEB SHa, Aa neLe OAXOBapaxH sa 
xo OAyroB^aqeae Hcxpare, — OHAa le, pasyne ce, oh JiaBO- 
HaLi Haqnna a^ Hcxpary pasByqe h npoBo OApel^Hor poBa. 
/I,0E y npoxHBHOM cjiy^ajy, xemEO Aa 6h bo 6ho pacaojio- 
»ett Aa pasBJia^e&eM Hcxpare Ha ce^n onpo6a cxporocx sa- 
BOHa y xoMO. 

Met>y XHM Ma bojihbo Aa je BpaxBa xa npoAHcxpara, — 
onex ce ona OA^HByje xhmo, mxo onyxateHHBa cxaBJia y no- 
BOJtan no^oataj, jep ce y H>oj ho paAH xaJHo, neL jaBHO* 
To 6HBa oBaBo: npHMHpHH cyAHJa caciiymaBa, ynpncycxny 
onxysLeHHBa, cboaobo h saB^iHHie hx. Ila no mxo 6h xo 
CBpniHOy OHAa Hcnnxyje onxya^OHHsa, npoACxaBJba My^ mxa 
C) CBOAOi^H BasaiiH H nojiaaie My npOMa xoMe noxpe^Ha hh- 
xafta. Hy xo BcnHxunafte onxyatOHHBa ho Bprnn ce y na- 



EHr^ECKA, *PAHqyCKA II CPnCKA nOPOTA 101 

nepHy Ast ($H ee oniyseHHR Harnao Ha npnsHaibe, BeL na npo- 
THB eaMo fl,^ <^H My ce fl,B,Aa, npBJiHRa sa onpasAafte. 
3a TO je oniyateHHE Mo(5oAaH, a^ h ne OAroBapa ea no- 
<;TaBjbeHa nHxaiba h KaA (ifl ce oh nocjiyaiiio thm npaBOM, 
THie He exBapa ee6H ropH nojioaiaj. TaAa je aa-s 3J1o caMO 
tojihro, y BOJiHRO Ho^e Aft ocxane Heo6jamH»eH0 HemTo, hito 
6h ra HHaqe Moa&A^ OA(ipaHH^o. A;lh npH cBem toh, naA 
4$H onxyseHHR jeAHOM Easao a^ ne&e a^ OAroBapa, oHAa ra 
HCTpasBHHR He CHe A&<^6 Aa nnia o Tone, a cano neoAroBa- 
paH>e HHJe HHRaRBa npeTnocTaBRa npoTHB iheTi\. 

Gei Tora, onTyjReHHR HMa npano one cneAORe, rojh ($h 
ra xepexH^iH, h eaM a^ nnxa o nojeAHHHH ORCiHocxHia. 

A Rao Hajr;iaBHHJa Bp;iHHa eHwecRe npeAHCxpare y xoMe 
je, HITO ce onxyateHHR jom h y roj Mo»e a^ nocjiysRH Ea- 
RBHM npaB03Ha;iiieM. HcxHna onaj ne cue ($htu aABO- 
Rax, Beb caio axopnej (cah^ho ^paniiycEOH ayoa^), xo jecx 
JeAHa cpeAH>a jih^hoct Hsiie^y aABORaxa h uapxaje. Hy cana 
xa AHqHOCT He Meaa cxBap. P^iaBHO je, Aa je y Ha^ejiy cna- 
RaRo onxyaeHHRy Aonymxeno, a* ce 3a cBojy OA(JpaHy jom 
H y npeAHCxpasHRopncxyje npaBHHM SHaseM Apyrora. 
IIpH xoM, xaj npaBHHqRH uoMaraq onxyHeHHROB HMa npo- 
cxpaHO npaBO sa OA^pany. Oh cMe CBaRH a^h h y cbrro Ao6a 
4a o6H^e oniyseHHRa n ca h>hm aa roBopH. OiMo hito to 
Mopa A* 6yAe y npncycxBy cyACRor nHcapa. A nflCMeny npe- 
HHCRy c onxyaieHHROM oh CMe a& boah 6e3 ROHxpojie ancan- 
^Ror qyBapa, 

OBAe je BpeAHo napo^HTO caoMeHyxH eHMecRH aanoH 
OA 24 c3nxeM6pa 1847 roAHHe, jep cy y seMy H36;iH»e oa- 
pel^ena npana onxyseHHROBa y npeAHCTpasH. 

TaRO no xeRCxy xora saRona, onTyaenHR HMa npaBO 
«BaRH A^H HSMe^y 11 — 12 caxaTa a^ ce cacTane ca cbojum 
po^i^HMa H npHJaTejLHMa, h ne TpaaiehH napo^HXH Aonymxaj 
3a TO. A caMO aRO 6h xtco to Aa ypaAH y RaRBo Apyro 



102 EHraECKA, *PAHUyCK\ U CPnCKA nOPOTA 

Ao6a, oHAa 6h My ipe^a^io napo^Hio nncMeno Aonymxefte. 
Ha npoTBB iberoB npaBHn noMaraq hae OBora nHcap cMejy ca 
ODTyseHBROM A^ ce cacTajy yeBano AoCa. IIpenHCRa h3- 
if6t)y OBBx H onxyaceflHRa AonymTesa je 6em HCTHaa n obex 
saKOHOH, caxo mio 6h ce nHCMena, soja ($h onxyseHHR ibh- 
jbao HJiH npHMaOy Mopa^a noAHeiH na nper^eA npHTBopcROX 
qyBapy. Hy npH cbbm tom Ronipojia HHJe ce THi^ajia ($ain 
CBHJy nncaMa, jep oho bito 6h onTyaeHHR Rao noBep- 
jbHBO DBcao ^iH^HO cBOMe EpaBHOM noHara^y h^ih iberoBox 
BHcapy, TO HHJe noAJieatajio ROHTpo;iH Tor ^yfiapa, hh no tom 
3aR0Hy. TaRaB nocTynaR c onTyflceHHROM npeJiHROM npeTXOAHe 
HCTpare pasyxe ce ^a DpeTnocTaBJi>a, a^ RasHenH nocTynaR 
nexa HHRBHSHTopcRy ocHOBHity. To je A^^e yspoR, 
Te ce OHTyaeHHitH y EnrjiecRoj ne CTaBJi>ajy y npHTBop 6ez 
jaRHX pasjiora sa to. A y toi je BejiHRa rapaHTHJa jom h 
3a TO : Aft ce Bcrpara Hecxe npoH3BOi»Ho pasB^ia^KTH. 

A noBpx CBera Tora, jom jeAHy MoLny rapaHTHJy a^JB 
enrjiecRH nocTynaR onxyaeHfiRy h y Toxe, bito OBaj Hxa 
6e3ycjiOBHO npaBo a* ce Ha jomctbo oc^o(5oah npHTBopa. 
To nyniTafte onTyateHHRa y c;io6oAy Ha jexcTBO HSBpmyje 
o(5htoo npHMHpHH cyAHJa. A caxo npi OHTyaeftHxa 36or ne- 
jiBRHX SJio^HHa, pemaBa o Toxe HaJBHmn cyA- 

Ha Taj HaiHH, eHrjiecRH Ra3HeHH nocTynaR o(5e3({eAHO jc, 
c jeAHO CTpane, AP«aBHH HHTepec Aa ce Hete npoxenHTH na- 
xepa HCTpare, a oneT, c Apyre CTpane, a^o je AOCTa jex- 
CTBa rpa^ancROJ cao6oah CBe AOR^e ne (5h npecyAOX hjih 
pemeRex cyACRHX cTBap (Se^a Ronawo peryjiHcana. 

Cex CBHJy THX rapaHTHJa, AO^asH jora h Ta A0(5pa CTpana 
enrjiecRor RasneHor nocTynRa, hito ce y Ehmocroj npoAHC- 
Tpara peAOBHO BpniH j a b h o Rao hito noxenycxo h nanpeA* 
A caxo y neRHX pexRHX cjiy^ajeBHxa xoate a* ce Ta jaB- 
hoct orpaHH^H caxo tojihko, a* ce He nycTH ny({;iBRa a* 
c^yma. 



EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA U CPHCKA HOPOTA 103 

Ha KpaiKo Aa pe^eMo, enraecKH KasneHH nocTynaK o 
npeAHcrpasH OApe^yje y rjiaBHOn obo: 

a., Caoayraafte onxyateHHKa y npexxoAHOJ HCxpasH Myan 
caMo sa TO, a^ (^h oniyseHHR AO($no npH^HRy a^* ce n p a b a a, 
a He A& 6^ ce o^ H>era HsmaKHJio npH3HaH>e. 3a to je onTy- 
seHHB BJiacTaH OAroBop a^ OTRase ca cbhm hjih oa ^bcth. 

6., CBeAOAH ce HcnHTyjy y npncycTBy oflTyateHHKa; niTa 
Bnme OBaj HMa npaBO a^ hm npeA^ase nojeAHHa nHTasa. 

B., OnTyaeHHK HMa npaBO jom TaAa Aa ysme y noMot 
RaKBor npaB03Hajii](a. Osaj HMa cJio6oAaH cacTanaR c OHTy- 
ateHHROM y aeroBOM npHTBopy ; a TaRo hcto 6Jio(5oAHa je h 
nHeMona RopecnoAeni^HJa H3Mel)y h>hx. 

r., CnaRH a^h Mory ce c onTyatOHHROM cacTajaTM ae- 
roBH po^ai^H H npHJaTB^H. 

A., OnTyateHHR je ABOJaRo ocnrypan npoTHB npoHSBOA- 
HHX npHTBopa. IIpBO, niTO cy npoaHcane jane Rasne 3a qn- 
HOBHHRa, RojH 6h HpeRO HOTpetfe pasB^ia^HO npHTBop OHTy- 
aReHHRa 3a BpeMe npeAHCTpare. H Apyro, niTO onTyateHHR 
HMa npaBO Ha ocHOBy AaTor jeMCTBa, aa HSH^e h3 npHTBopa. H 

e., HajnocAe, npeAHCTpara Mopa a* ^yA^ jaBHa, h hito 
je Moryhe RpaLa. 

To cy cBe jaRe rapaHTHJe a* npeAHCTpara ne Mo;Re a* 
ce yuoTpetfH na niTeTy onTyaeHHROBy(*). 

II. y (t>P^HUyCKOJ. 

Ca CBHM npoTHBHy cjiHRy Aaje hbm OpanitycRa npeAHC- 
Tpara. Ona Tpaje MHoro Ayme. 3a to BpeMe, onTyaeHHR je 
caBpmeHO OABojen. CBeAOAH ce HcnHTyjy 6ez aeroBor npncy- 
CTBa. OnTyateHHR 3a BpeMe npeAHCTpare neMa HHRaRBor npaB- 
HH^Ror noMaraqa. Hnje AonymTeno ocTaBHTH ouxyateHHRa Ha 
jeicTBO y cjio(5oAH 3a BpeMe Te HCTpare. Hchhth oHTyate- 



(*) Biener Englisches Geschwornengericht, kh>. II. cxp. 20 — 29. 



104 EHr.lECKA, ^PAHUyCKA H GPHCKA nOPOTA 

Husa Bpme ce y hhkbhsmtopcrom otf^HBy. H^ejia je Kcrpara 
TaJHa. To je, y rjiaBHOi, cjiHBa npeAHcrpare y <&paHuycRoj. 
Oea, Bao mio ce bhah^ h cyBHme onoMHibe na HeiiaHBi hh- 

KBH3HT0pCBH HOCTynaE. 

ToBopetH Hajnpe o ipajaay *paHiiycKe npeAHcrpare 
MH keMO OAMax noMenyTH, aa J6 ona pas^inqna boa s^ioqiraa 
(crimes), a pasJin^Ha boa npecxyna (d^lits). A y hcto Bpeie 
AOAateMo, Aft ce boa obhx noc;ieARHX MO»e Aa nape^e oa- 
jiysa craBJtafty noA cyA h (Jea npeTXOAHe ncrpare caMO na 
ocHOBy HenocpeAHor Tpasefta AP^^BHe B;iacTH h;ih npHBai- 
Hor xyatHOita. 

Ho cTaTrcTH^HH^M noAaiiHMa npeixoAHe HCTpare y $paH- 
iiycBoj Mory a^ Tpajy h no hot ao ineci MeceriH. J\,ok Ha 
npoTHB y EHMecBoj la Hcipara HHje Ay»6 Tpaja^a hh y 
orpoMHOM BpHBH^HOM upoi^ecy 0' EoHe^ia. 

To Ay«e ipajaibe ♦pani^ycBe npexxoAHe ncxpare HEa 
CBor ygpoEa. To je HeniTO y ftenoM hhbbhshtopcbom cnepy, 
a neniTo onei y TOMe, mro no opaniiycBOM BaanenoM no- 
€TyiiEy na xoie aajoAHH^BH paAe BHnie BJiacxH, aob Ha npo- 
THB y EnrjiecBoj xo paAH joAftH ijhhobhhb (npHMHpHH h;ih 
noJiHitHJCEH cyAHJa). A com xora xa npexxoAHa ncxpara Mopa 
Aa ce y ^pani^ycBoj paaBJiaqn h c xora, mxo a Be BJiacxH 
Mopajy Aa pemanajy o peayjixaxy npexxoAHO Hcxpare. A xo 
45y: casexHO h onxyatno OAeAeae, Bao mxo cmo xo nanpeA 
noBaaajiH. Aob xe abo BJiacxH perae o cxaBibaay noA cyA, 
paayue ce, Aa Mopa Aa npol^e BHme BpeMena. Ila h xo je 
yapoB, xe cxBap y xojihbo AOitHHje mopa Aotn npoA nopoxy; 
H mxo y xoAHBO Aoi^nje onxyatenHB Mome Aa (JyA^ cjiotfoAan, 
EBO 6h ra nopoxa oc;io6oAHJia. 

Mh Ma;io ^ac HaooMenycMo BaBO y ^pani^ycBOJ Baane- 
Hoj npoAHCxpaan paAe BHme Apaannnx B^iacxn. CaA ieio 
BaaaxH, Boje cy to B^acxir. 



EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCKA OOPOTA 105 

no «paHiiycBOM RasHeHOM nocrynRy y npexxoAHOj HCipasE 
paAe TpH BiiacTH. To cy: ApaaBHO TyaHJianiTBO, BcxpaasHH 
^yflHJa (juge d'instruction) h ORpyaKHH cyA. Te pasHe B^iacrn 
-CTOJe jeAHa npeMs Apyroj y obom, npnjiH^HO aanjiereHon 
OAHocy. 

ApsaBHO TyaRHJiamTBO, npe CBera, npeA^aso a& <^h cc 
oxno^ejia Hcxpara y CBHMa A^^Hsia RasH>HBHM no saaHH^Hoj 
AyasHOCTH. GeH lora ($63 aP^abhof Tya^noi^a He cue HCTpa^HH 
4;yAHJa hh a^ spniH neRe noe;iOB6 Rao : HcrpasHBa&e no RyiiH 
H •opxajiHO npHTBapase onryseHHRa. Ilonpx lora ap^&bho 
TysHJiamTBO HSBpmyje saR^y^Re Hcxpa^Hor cyAHJe, a ne osaj 
4saM. Hajnocjie ApsaBHO Ty»njiamTBO nua npaBo, y xoRy 
HGxpare, a& ^iihh nose npeA^Aore, na aRo 6h HCxpasHH cy- 
AHJa ao(5ho xe npeAJiore OHAa ApatabHH lyatHJiai^ HMa npaso 
j^a H3JaBH M2iA6Y npoxHB xora ORpy»HOM npBocxeneHOM cyAy. 

Kao mxo ee bhah H3 OBora, opani^yeRH HcxpaaLHH cy- 
AHJa y iHoroie exojn noA yxiiiajeM ap^abhof xy^noi^a. Oh 
je, ceM xora, Ay^ftH i OHAe, pao in can paAHO no gboJoj 
HHHilHJaxHBfl (y ciy^ajy d^lits flagrants, RaA 6h RpHBai; 6ho 
Ha A^Ay yxBaiiOH), pesyjixax cBora SBanH^nor paAa caon- 
mxHXH ApataBHOM xyatHoi^y, xe Aa (5fl OBaj napeAHO, xote 
JiH ce Hcxpara oxno^exH h;ih He. 

A noBpx CBera xora, HcxpaatHH cyAHJa Ayatan jo CBHRe 
HBAeAe Aft noAHocH HSBemxaj ORpyatnoi cyAy o xoKy CBHJy 
oxno^exHX Hcxpara. To je napel^eHO c xora, a^ <5h cyA, aRO 
(iH Haraao 3a nyxno, HSAao „ordonnance de non lieu*, xo 
jecx Aa Hema Meexa AaAoj HcxpasH. Taj hcxh cyA pemaaa h 
aaji(JH, Rojy 6h hoahco npoxHB paAa HCxpaatHor cyAHJe 
ApaaBHH xyaiH^iait, n;iH onxy»eHHR. Ha xaj naqHH, nopeA 
ApaaBHor xyaKHOita, BpniH ORpyatHH cyA Ronxpo^y naA paAOM 
HcxpaatHor cyAHJe. 

/I.a xaRaB xor nociynKa Mopa Aa una yxHi^aja na xpa- 
jaae npexxoAHe Hcxpare, xo je Bpjio ^ano pasyMexH. A y 



106 EHraECKA, ♦PAIinyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 

HCTO BpeMe no xaKBOM nocTynKy oniyaKeHHE je y ropen no- 
ji02Kajy Hero no enr^iecKOM, na mia BHme ^aR nero h no ne- 
MaqKOM HHKBH3HTopcR0M nocxynRy. Jep no xaRBov opaniiy- 
CROM nocxynRy h AP^aBnn xyatH;la^ h Hcxpaann cyAHJa paAO 
sajeAHH^EH npoxHB onxyaKOHHRa, xe xaRO je aeny xeate 
Aa ce OAynpe xhm aajeAnn^RHM nanaAHMa Asejy B^acxn, Roje 
cy xaRo Motne. 

Hy la BHAHMo H Aa^H no^iomaj HCxpa»Hor cyAnje. Cei 
xora fflxo noMenycuo nanpeA, HcxpaaiHH cyAHJa y ocxa^ion je 
caMocxa^ian y cBome paAy. On je B^acxan Aa ynoxpe(5n cBa 
cpeACXBa, Roja 6h namao Rao noxpetfna 3a o6janifi»eH»e cxnapn. 
Oh je y xomo tojihro neorpaHflqen, a** xo Mo«e a* nape- 
^yje, na na a^ 6h oh o xomo caanao ns ncxpare hjih c RaRne 
Apyre cxpane. 

Obao ke 6hxh npH^HRa a* nporoBopHMo neROAHRo pew 
Hapo^Mxo H XOMO, RaRo 6h Bajbajio caMymaBaxH onxy^e- 
HHRa, H RaRo je xo y Opanuysa. Cac;iyniaBaH>e onxyaeHHRa, 
y Ayxy onxyatnor cHcxeMa, xpetfaao (Jh a* ce BpniH na xaj 
Ha^flH, raxo 6h my ce y ofi^HRy nojeAHHHX nnxaaa H3He;iH 
nojeABHH ocHOBH noAaspefta, na upena xoMe xpaacn^m ^e- 
roBH OAroBopH Ha xo Rao aeroBa OAtipana. Hy y ^paniiy- 
CROJ je npaRXHRa y xoie yAapn^ia iipoxHBHHM npaniteM. Jop 
^pani^ycRH Ra3HeHH nocxynaR sua Bp;io Majio 0ApeAa6a o 
Haqe;iy h naMepn, rojom xpe6a BpniHXH cacjiymaHie onxyjKe- 
HHRa y npexxoAHOJ HcxpasH. Ho Reaiy ce HcxHna ne xpaatH 
napoiHxo Aa 6h onxy^enHR npHsnao CBOJy RpHBHijy. A;ih 
onex OH H ne RpaxH HCxpaatnoM cyAHJH Aa tokh xomo. A 
RaA ce npH xom homhcjIh, Aa y OpaH^ycRoj nopoxHHiiH o(5htoo 
nojiaa^y nasnocx h na npH3HaH>e nan cyAa; Rao h Aa je 
npH3HaH»e jeAHor onxyatenHRa npjio noAecno cpoACXBO sa npo- 
Ha;ia3aR h ocxa^HX canpHBai^a, (na ma xo 6i/iA0 h Bap.i>HBo) 
— OHAa je Bp;io noJMAHBO, Aa <^paH^ycRH HcxpaatHH cyAHJa 
y xoMe Mose Aa na^e Aocxa noBOAa h Apa^n 3a hhrbhsh- 



EHr.lECKA, *PAHUyCKA H OPIICKA HOPOTA 107 

TopcKo nocryna&e y npeixoAHoj ijiCTpaaH, ioto je totobo ne- 
Moryiie no enrjiecBOM Ra3H6H0M QociynKy. HcTHfla a^ no 
^paHi^ycKOM RasHOHOM nocTynny ncrpasHH cyAnja Hena npana 
Aa, y TO HMO, onxyaeHHKe Kasnn 8({or HenoMymflocTir hjih 
Aa ynoTpe6jbyje npHHyAHe Mepe z^o mio je to HesaAa 6eao 
AonyinTeno y HOMa^KOM EasHOHOM ijocTynKy. Ajih onex opan- 
itycBOM HCTpa»HOM cyAWJH y tom npHHyt)aBaiby onTyasteHHKa 
Ha npH3HaH>e hao na pyKy neniTO Apy^o, a to je : Ay»e Tpa- 
ja&e HCTpare h y Bean ca thm, Ay sun npHTBop onTyaKeHHKa. 
4,0K Me^y THM cpeACTBa aa 0A(5paHy OHTyateHHKy cy Bp^o 
orpaHH^eHa. Oh je oabojoh oa AyAH; CBeAO^H ce acnHTyjy 
(iea aeroBor npncycTBa; HCTpara je Tajna. One cy to ywoBH, 
KOJH HAy cano Ha xepeT ooTyatenHKy. 

HcTHHa A* no «»paHAycKOM nocTynKy OKpyatHB cyA, bomo 
ce, sao mxo boL peROCMo, cBaRe neAejbe hoahoch HSBemTaj 
HecBpmeHHM HCTparaMa, — niia npaBa y HHTepecy onTyae- 
HHKOBOM, no anaHnqnoj AysHocTH, r;ieAaTH a^ ce HCTpara 
mTO je MoryLe BHme CKpaTH. Ajih mia onTyaennR Moate Aa 
o^eKyje oa TaEBe EOHTpojie cano na xapTHJH, — to ce Bet 
noKasa^o npaRTH^RH y $paHitycROJ. TaMO HCTpaatHH cyAHJa 
H AP»aBHa B^acT HMajy npn cbcm tom MorytnocTH a^ hc- 
Tpary tojihro pasByny, ro^lhro caMO MHC^ie a^ ^^ <i^TH no- 
Tpe($HO sa noxnyno ca3Hau>e CT?api! y h»hxobom npaBuy. H 
RaA (in OHH TO paAHJiH, noMajy ce ^era 6ojaTH, cbo h a* 6h 
ce npHTiHROM r^iaBHor HSBHi^a^a na npeTpecy ROHCTaTonaJio, 
Aa je y tomo pai^eno nenpaBH^ino h HesaRono. Aa 6h ohh aa 
TO HCRycHJiH RaRBO HOCAeAHue, Tpe6ajio (5h a^ cy oho aaROHOM 
OApe^ene aa TaRBO c^yqajeBe, h Aa cy cyAHJe OB^iamheHe a^ 
HX npHMene. A to nnje OApeljeno *paH^ycRHM aanoHOM. KaA 
ce npn tom homhcjih, a* h caM npeAceAHHR nopoTHor cyAa 
H r^aBHH AP^aBHQ TymHJiaii na r;iaBHOM npoTpecy ca cbhm 
jaBHO Mory Aa paAe y npaniiy HHRBnatiTopcROM ca cbojhm 
HHTaRHMa, Rao niTO LeMO to noRaaaTH AOAHHJe, — OHAa ce 



108 EHraECKA, ^PAHUyCKA U CPnCKA nOPOTA 

He Tpe6a hh HaJMaibe ^yAHin, mTO 6h h Hcrpa^HH cy^Hja 
TO yseo Kao yr^OA y cbomo TaJHOM pa^y. Oh sna, a* be 
Aa yqHHH AP^^aBHOM xysHOity ycjiyry, hbo 6h onTya&eHHKa 
€KJioHHo Ha npHSHaHie, jep obo lose aa nocjiy»H aa ocHOBy 
TyjR($6. Ila no CBOMe saBHCHOi nojiosajy npeMa aP^abhoh 
Ty»HOity, HapaBHO Aa b© ce HcxpaatHH cyAHJa poAOBHo cxa- 
paiH, A^ y TOMB Tpa»H npenopyne sa ce($e. Jom mia Bonie 
HO H0S6 ce OApe^H, Aft <)h to npH3HaH>6 Hopa^io HiaTH He- 
EOF yxHi^aja h na cany nopory. Ila h to je jeAHa cnasna 
nodyAa 3a HCTpasHor cyARJy, a^ cbojhm paAOH ao6hJ6 on- 
TyseHHKOBO npHSfia&e, He o^snpy^H ce mhofo na saxxene 
npaBAO H ^OBeqnocTH, ne r^eAeLn, k a b b n h 6e ce naqBHOM 
npH($aBHJio TO npHBHa&e. 

Hy Hapo^HTO je CTpor *paHitycKH nocrynaK, KaA je pe^ 
o npHTBopy OHTyffieHHKa h nyniTatty y c^o6oAy na 

jeMCTBO. 

TaEo BOJH 6m 6ho onTyaE^en 36or sJio^Hna, raj 6i 
Mopao 6hth 3a Bpene ncTpare y npHTBopy; oh ce ne ny- 
iHTa y c^io^OAy, na na KaKBO jeMCTBo a^ 6h a^o. 

A H npH oHTyse&HMa sa npecTyue, Hoa^e ce. onxy* 
«eHHB 6paHHTH H3 c^o6oAe caMo OHAa, aBo HaJMaH>a Mepa 
Ba3He He 6h npe^iasH^a 500 A^Hapa. 

Com Tora, o tom TpaaieH>y oHTyjKeHHBOBOM a^ 6e ce 
sa BpeMe Hcipare 6paHH0 hs cjio^oao, ho opani^ycBOM no- 
CTynBy. c^c^iymana ce ne caHO ap^abhh Ty^H^iai^, Beb h npn- 
BaTan, hito^ napaBHO, OTemana nyniTaH»e onxyacenHBOBO y 
CAO(JoAy. 

A noBpx cBera, pt^aBO je y opani^ycBOM BanneHom no- 
<3TynBy h to, hito onTyatenHB ry(JH noAoaeny BayitHJy net 
H caMO 36or Tora, aBO He 6h na no3HB cyACBi ypeAHO ao- 
mac, A^BJie h 36or cane nenoc^iymHOCTn. To je, napaBHo, 
Bpjio CTporo. Hy caMO je jom to AO({po y TaBBOM cjiyqajy, 
HITO ce Ta BayuHJa ynoTpeii^yje * na njiaba&e TpomBona, 



EHr^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA M CPnCKA HOPOtA 10^ 

mxere h sasHe, a aKo 6h dito npereiuOy to ce Bpaka oc;io- 
6 o ^ e H M onTyateHHKy, aob ocy^eHOMHTO nponaAa y ko- 
pHCT ApaB^ABHe saceC). 

A Aft cBe Te 0ApeA(5e HAy y npHJior ahkbhshtopckhh 
T6JKibaMa, TO HMJe TemKo uojehth. Jep cnpaM oniyseHHKa^ 
Kojw 6h ce Hajia3Ho y cjio6oaii, CBe Te cTporocxn 6a Ae 6h ysa- 
jiyAHe, mra BHme TeiHBo a^ 6vi ce oee h nosymaTH Hor;ie. 
Hcxpa^HHR Mopa onTyseHHKa a^ HMa y cBojoj BJiacTH, aso 
6h XTeo, Aa ra c ycnexoM ynoTpe(jH na CBOJe hhkbhshtop- 
ene cnepoBe. Obao je npH;iHsa a^ HanoMeneMO, KaKo y Opan- 
itycKoj 3a onTyaieHHKe oncroJH join jeAHo onacHO cpeACTBo. 
Ha Hue opaHitycKOM npaKTHKOM AonyniTeHO je jom jcaho cpeA- 
CTBO, KOJHM ce yTH^e Ha onTyseHHsa, a to je Taso HasBana 
„mettre en secret", sa BpeMo npeTxoAHe HCTpare(*). Ta 
SHaqH ABajaiLe onTy^KeHHsa oa AOAHpa c Ji>yAMa. Obo ono- 
MHH»e Ha hobh o6aek MyqeH>a, Koje je saApo a^ ca^ioMH h Haj- 
ja^y eneprHjy, noc;ie Ayater BpeMena. To cpeACTBO caBpmeHa 
je 3a HOKyAy. Jep h KaA ne 6e (Jhjio y npaKTHitn mhoto s^io- 
ynorpetfa c TaRBfEM cpeACiBOH, CBaRaso 3;io je sa onTya^e- 
HHKa saA HCxpasHHR HcaHOMOfl^e A^ce npoTHB ouTy- 
seHHRa nocJiy^RH h xaRBHH cpeACTBOH. 

Hy He caMo to CBe Rao: TaJHOcr npeAXOAHe HCTpare; 
caoayraafte CBeAORa 6e3 npncycTBa onTyaeHHROBor h TysHO- 
^OBor; HeAonyiDTaH>e AA OHTyjReHHR join TaAa nia (tpanuoAa; 
HaqHH, RaRo ce onTyateHHR HcniTyje; OABajaae onTyateHHRa 
OA CBeTa, — Bet h ^e;lORy^Ho ypel^efte Apa^asHor TyatHO- 
HiTBa BHme cnepa na hhrbhshtopcrh npuHiinn ^paHKycRe 



C) Daniels, Grundsaetze des reinischen und franzoesischen 
Strafverfahrens. crp. 127 — 129. 

(^) Berenger, De la justice criminnelle en France, cTp. 38 & 
H 4ajbe ; 

Mittermaier. Strafverfahren 5 33, npHMeA(5a 21—23 h S 100, 
npiiMeA6a 28. 



110 EUhlECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA UOPOTA 

upexxoAHe HCTpare. Y onniTe ce Mopa npH3HaTH, a* J6 JifiM 
^paHi^ycRa npexxoAHa HCTpara onacaH ocTaxaR mhbbhbhtop- 
CRor npuHUHna, rojh ce caMo y hgrojihro 3arjia^yje jaBHHx 
npexpecoM npeA nopoxHHH cyAOM. Met^y xhm neo saAaxaR 
npexxoAHe Hcxpare xpe(5aJio 6h a* ^YA© caMo y xoMe: Aa 
npasa onxyKeHHROBa HAy paBHo c npanoM AP»ftBHor xy- 
^HOi^a. A npBH ycjiOB sa xo A^savi y xome, a^ Hcxpara HHJe 
xaJHa. Jep xaJHOCX Hcxpare Mo»e a* nocjiy»H caMO 3a xo, 
Aa (Jh ce OA onxyateHHRa HSHyAH^o npHSHaae, 

To je, AO Aynie, xeniRO HsOetH, nopeA Mokne ycxanoBe 
ApataBHor xyacHJiaraxBa, Rao mxo je y OpanitycROJ. Taj hhrbh- 
sHxopcRH npHBiiHn no caMoj npapoAH xojihro je Besan c Be- 
jiHROM B^iaraty, Rojy HMajy y npexxoAHoj HcxpasH AP»aBHH xy- 
alt[;la^ h HCipa^KHH cyAHJa, Aa EflrjiesH HMajy noxnyeo npaBO, 
mxo H36eraBajy ycxanoBy jaBHor, AP^aBHor xymn^iainxBa, Ma 
Aa ce He cMe nopni^axH Aa h enrjiecRa cHcxeMa npHBaxeor 
xyrnHJiainxBa y Ra3HeHHM npeAMexHMa HMa h cbojex Mftaa. 

Hy Aa npoAyaRHMO o OpaH^ycRoj. 

Ilpe CBera, no caMoj oprannsaiiHJH AP^aBHor tjsrea^' 
mxBa y OpaniiycRoj, na ocHOBy Roje opraHB3aKfrje AP^aBHH 
xya^HJiaii no sBanH^noj aj^hocxh ronn CBe ^Ao^mQ, — jaBji»a 
ce HHRBHSHxopcRH ejieMeHax y $paHi\ycRoj Aa^eRo jaqe, cha- 
HHJe H cHcxeMaxBTOHJe, Hero h y caMOM 6mmeii neMa^oM 

HHRBHSHXOpCROM HOCXyHRy. 

/I,pmaBHH xyatH^ait je y OpaH^ycRy Aynia cyACRe no- 
;LHiiiije. Oh HMa noA co6om BejiHRH 6poj homoLhex ^hhob- 
HHRa. IIpH xoM OH y ROJiHRO CO xH^e ^paB^a HCxpare, HMa 
Hcxa npaBa h AyatnocxH, Roja h Hcxpaamn cyAHJa; on je 
Ayasan h Bjiacxan Aa nponajiasH xparoBe o RaRBOM 3Jio^HHy 
h;ih npecxyny, h Aa npHRyn^a AORase npoxHB ftHXOBor jmh- 
HHO^a. y xo HMe OH je B^acxan CBaqnje Aocxane Aa cxaB.'ba 
Ha npoxoROA. lExa BHme, y A^^HMa cyACRe ^0AH^Hje H4H 
qHcxo no^iHiiHCRHM, OH MOffiB H ite;iy Hcxpfiry Aa ysMo noi- 



EHTwIECKA. 4»PAHUyCKA H CPOCKA nOPOTA 111 

nyHO y CBoje pyice. Aso 6h Ha;ia3ifo a& <^n <$HJia cysHinHa 
npeTXOAHa iiCTpara, oh mojec cxBap no npHKynjBeHHM ^OKa- 
SHiia, OAMax AB, HSHece npeA cyA na pacnpasy. 

GeM Tora ap^^bhe xyjEHJiaK y GJiy^aJHMay saA 611 ko 
6ho yxeakeH na Ae^y (delits flagrants), Hia h CBa ocia^ia 
npana HCTpaxHor cyAHJe, caMO noA ApyrHM hmghom. 
Oh Moae a* OAe na mocto y^Hftenor AC-'ia, h xy a* HSBpniH 
noTpe6aH HSBHl^aj, ho2K6 aa npeAysMe npexpec no KybH; xap- 
THJe Mose AA sane^axH ; noAaspHBo finite Mose Aa npEXBopn 
H y3Me Ha bchhx; na KpaxKo roBopeke, oh Mome aa HSBeAO 
noxnyny Hcxpary 3a Aocas nocxojaay 3JiowHa h KOHCxa- 
TOBafty KpHBi^a. A no mxo 6h cb6 xo ypaAuo oh je napasHo 
Ay^an cxBap Aa npeAa HCxpa^HOM cyAHJH, xe Aa OBaj npo- 
AyatH AaAy saKony paAfty. 

Hy H o6pHyxo, xaKO hcxo npano HMa h McxpaatHH cy- 
AHJa y xoM Myqajy. Ako 6h ko 6ho yxBaten na AO^iy moko 
H OH CHM no SBaHH^HOJ Ay^iHOcxfl ($63 no3HBa OA cxpaHB 
ApxaBHor xy«HO^a, Aa iipeAy3Me noxpe^ny HCxpary o A^^y, 
na ApaaBHOM xyataoiiy caMo Aa jaBH 3a xo, oqeKyjytH, 3a 
Aaji»H paA, ftaroBe npeA^ore o xoMe. 

Me^y XBM xa okojihocx, mxo h ap^sbhe xyiKHMii h 
HcxpaatHH cyAHJa HMajy y xoMe jeAnaKa npasa, ne Meaa cxBap 
HH HaJMaae. Jep paAeta xo, ohh h jeAan h ApyrH, thmb 
cano no H8y3eliy npe;ia3e Ban CBor npaBor Kpyra paAa. 
A;iH CBaRaRO, xaRBo ypaBHaH>e npana xysno^eBHx e npa- 
BHMa Hcxpa»Hor cyAHJe He Moae ce Apyra^irje pa3yMexH, 
Boh Aa je opaniiycKo 3aK0H0AaBCXB0 BHrae xe»H;io xoMe, Aa 
y KasHenoM nocxynKy o6e36eAH hhkbh3hxopckh npHHi^Hn B;ia- 
cxH, nero AOC.ieAHy npHieny onxyacnor Ha^ejia. A xa cie- 
ca xyaHo^eBe h Hcxpa^HBKOBe yjiore ne MO»e ce (JpaHHXH 
HH xesftOM 3a 6pH;HM BpnieH>eM nocjiOBa. Ohh ce o6o- 
jHiia, h ApaaBHH lymniAdiH m HCxpamnH cyAHJa, o6h^ho Ha- 



112 EHrwlECKA. *PAHUyCKA H CPOCKA nOPOTA 

jiase y jeAHOi hctoi lecry, na ce noate no aba a ibhxo- 
BHX yjiora ocTBapniH y CBaKOH, na iia B najxHTEHJeH 
cjiyiajy. 

Hy COM cnera Tora, nospeAa onTysnor naqe^a y Ba- 
snenoM nocTynRy orjieAa ce koa ^pani^ysa h y tomb, idto- 
ApsaBHH Tya^Hjiait, y lecro a^ ctoJh npeia HCipasHOH cy- 
AHJH oaMO Bao napiaja, oh ctojh y hcto npexe h Rto roh- 
Tpojia cyACRe B;iacTH. To je y tomb, uito HCTpaane cy- 
AHJe y CBOJoj Ay»H0CTH OAHOCHO cyACRB nojiHAHJe (quant 
aux fonctios de police judiciaire) CTOJe noA RonxpojioM MaB- 
Hor ApsABHor lysHOua^ y Macro rnxo 6ii Tpe($ajio a^- <$yAy 
noA ROHTpo^OM BHmercyAA* Axa saBHCHOcr Hcrpasnor 
cyAHJb OA AP^ftBHor TyaL^o^a ouTyje ce h y xoMe^ nrro ce 
Taj HCxpaseiHn cyAHJa cxaxpa h Rao noMo&HH qHHOBHHR 
cyACRe nojiHi](HJe. Ceit cBera xora ap^hbhe xyaRH^aii 
HMa npenary h y xoie, mxo cyA^ja caHo pemaBa, a neMa 
BMcxH Aa ROHxpojiHme u H3BpmeB>e cyACRHX OAJiyRa. To 
nocjieAH>e h y caHOM BpeHeny npexxoAHe Hcxpare, a h no Hspe- 
qenoj npecyAH npnnaAa ap^^bhom xy^Hoi^y. A y xom norjieAy 
Apa^aBHH TjssLEAdiH HMa BBJiflBy BJiacx, Roja He caMO mxo npe- 
jiasH Rpyr jeAHe napxaje (ApasaBHor xymHOiia), h xhmb 
pymH oahoc paBHonpaBHocTH napxaja, BeL nonpx xora vbiue 
ce y neROJiHRo npe^jy u orpaHnqaBajy h npana cyAOBa. 

Eo^iHRO je onacHo, mxo cy xaBO BOJiHRa npana A^Ta 
ApsaBHHM TjasMonj JiaRO je padyMexn, RaA ce caMO homhcjih 

Aa je XO qHHOBHHR, ROJH MBOFO 3aBHCn OA nOJlBXH^HO 

Apsanne Bjiacxn, ROJa no xomb npeno H»era Mose nasAa a^ 
yxH^e Ha xoR HSBnl^aja h cy^eH>a o RaEBOM RasftHBOM AB^y* 
C xora je ca cbhm na cbomb Mecxy xeatHXH, Aa cb oa Ay«HOCXH 
ApmaBHor xy^HOAa oabojh cbb mxo ne hoch na ce((H RapaRxep 
HJiH yjiory napHnqne cxpaHB, h ^hmb 6h cb pBMBXH^a 
paBHonpaBHOcx napxaja (xya^Hoiia h onxyjKBHHRa). Hapouxo 
JB noxpe^HO, Aa cb oa AP^aBHor xya^HOi^a OAysMB HsapmeftB 



EHr^ECKA, 4»PAHi;yCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 113 

cyACKHX oAJijKa. A nopeA cBera lora noipe^Ho (Jh (Jh;io, ^a 
B^aAa HeHa npasa, no cbomb Haxo]^eH>y, Aa ysJiaiBa ApsasHor 
TysHOAa, aso ce xoke Aa ycTaHOsa AP^aBHor TysHJiamiBa 
HHJe npocTo opy^e y pyKana nojiHTH^He BJiacTH, 

Ta BB^iHKa B^acT AP^aBHor TysHoi^a paayie ce Aa n 
HHJe jom TaKO onacna ohab, tab y saKOHy o H36opy nopoi- 
HHRa HMa nppBary A^KOKpaTCRH npaBaii. Ty napaBHO h ^pan- 
AycKO ype^eBe AP^aBHor lyiKHJiainTBa ne 6h mofjio m h o r o 
Aa msoAH onTysoHHEy. A;ih npH cbox tom Hopa ce npnsHaTH, 
Aa H TaAa to ne 6h uovao Aa hsap^h ynopeAHy itpHTHKy 
c AocjieAHHM HBBo^eH>eM cHCTeie npHBaTHOM oniyseBiy no 
eHr;iecE0M KaaneHOM nocxynKy, y Kome je Ty»H;iaii en. on- 
ly atenHKOM caMo paBHonpaBan. EnrjiecKH KasHeHH no- 
erynas caBprneno je cJio6oAaH oa hhkbhshtopcrhx TemH>a; 
OAp^KdBa jeAHaKOCT napTaJa n y npeTXOAHoj HCxpasH n 6pHHe 
ce He caMo thmb, Bet fl Hna^e, o 0A(JpaHH onTyaieHHKOBOJ 
y TOJiHRoj MepH, Aa je caBpmeno cyBEnrao, RaA 6h ce jom 
npHMipHH h;ih nojiHitHjcRH cyABJa Tone (Jprayo, no cbo- 

JOJ BBaHHMHOJ Ay»HOCTH. ]\,0K liel^y THM nO HeMaTOOM 

HHKBHBHTopcROM nocTyuRy Aa 6e ce TO nocTHMo, MopaAO ce 
CBe CTaBHTE y napoqHTy ajslvloct HCTpaanor cyAHJe. Ty je 
ooTyaeHHR y npeTXOAHOj HCTpaan ocTaBAeH can ce6H h (Jes 
HRaRBe OA^pane, aRo ce sa H>era He 6z sayseo 6ap HCTpaacHHR. 
To flCTO Ba^RH H sa opanaycRH RasneHH nocxynaR y Bpeneny 
nperxoAHe HCTpare. Ty ce AP»aBflH Tyatn^iai; h HCTpa»HH 
cyAHJa, uopeA CBOJe o6mue Ay»H0CTH y hcto Bpene cnaxpajy 

H Rao 6paHH0ItH OHTyateHHROBH no CBOJOJ SBaHH^HOJ Ay^HOCTH, 

IIpHBHAHO HapaBHO Aa to HsrAeAa Bpjio qoBewo. A;ih cTporo 
roBopeLH, He noate ce nopeLn, Aa je qoBeiHHJe enweCRO Ha- 
qejio, Roje TyaHOAy He Aaje Bete npaBo Hero onxyateHHRy, 
a y HCTO Bpeme AonyniTa onTyaeHHRy Aa jom oa no^eTRa hc- 
Tpare MoaRe ao^hth homoLh 3a CBojy 0A(5paHy roa oHora, Rora 
OH caH i'3a6pao 6yAe sa CBora nonaraqa y OA((paHH. 

rj4CHHK LXIX. 8 



114 EHT^iBCKA, «PAHUyCKA U CPOCKA nOPOTA 

Hy AH ce BpaxHMo ea ab^ahl roBop o tobj «paHitycB6 
Hcxpare. 

Eo mio ce CBpmH npeixoAHa HCTpara, — oHAa, no 
opaHitycKOM KasHOHOH nocTynKy, Hacrajy jom ABa r^aBHa 
yspoBa sa hohobo OAyroB^iaqeibe CTBapn. IIpBH je yspoK y 
Tone, mxo xaAa ee pemaBa o CTaBji>aH>y y OHxysHO cxaibe 
oaTysHa nopoTa, sao y EerjiecBOJ, Beh to pemaBajy abb 
BjiacTH, caBexHa nonxysHa ROMopa, aso 6z ce cxBap 
HMa^a H8H6TH npoA cyAHy nopoxy Ha pemaBa&e. A Apyi'B 
je yspoB pasBJiaqefty y xoMe, mxo onxysna BOMopa y le- 
cxo Aa pemH o nnxa&y cxaBjitafta Hjm HecTaBji>aH>a noA cyA, 
raa npaBO caiia, no SBannqnoj Ay^HOCXH, Aa> HapeAH 
A n y H y npexxoAne ncxpare, h xo Aa cxaBH y Ayanocx joA- 
HOM CBOM q^iany. Ha xaj naqen jaBji>a ce, nopoA jeAHor hc- 
xpasHor cyAHJe^ jom joAan, na mxa nnme ^aK h xpehn. 
Hcxpara, Koja ce Aonyftyje rfo napel^eay onxyane Bonope 
30Be ce: „ instruction intermediaire*' (Mel^yBpeMena). 

Gbb xo napaBHO a^ Bpjio Majio OAXOBapa qncxo ouxyai- 
HOM npHi^Hny, h cane je na mxexy (ipse pacnpane. 

OBAe je Mecxo a^ Kaxeiio mxa ce y OpanAycsoj, no- 
peA Moryte Aonyne HCxpare, jom paAH y xe^ajy one ^instruc- 
tion intermediaire.*" To je xpetn cxenen Kasnenor npoi(eca, 
y KoJH AOJiaae one paABe, Koje 6h ce npeAysHMa^e HSMet^y 
pemefta o cxaBAaay y onxya^Ho cxase h npexpeca npeA no- 
poxoM. To HeMa^BH nopoxHH saBOHH Sony ^npEyroxoBa sa 
jaBan npexpec* 

Ty cnaAajy OBe paAH>e: 

1., /l,ocxaBa pemeaa o cxaBji>aEy y onxyiBHO cxafte, sao 
H xya6e onxyatenHBy. 

2., OABOABfte onxyseHHBa y saxBop onor necxa, tab 
te ce AP»axH ceAHHiie nopoxHor cyAa. 

3., niHJbafte nHCMene ncxpare h AOBasa cyACBoj Ban- 
Ae^apnJH nopoxnor cyAa. 



EHT-IECKA, «PAHliyCKA M CPnCKA nOPOTA 115 

Cbb to (JHBa no aaxTesy rjiaBHor ApataBHor lysHOita. 

A Ha npoTHB OBe pa^fte, Koje ce Bpme laKo^e y tom 
Me^yBpeMBHy, CMaipajy ce Kao qecio cyACKe h cnaAajy y Kpyr 
paAa npeAceAHHKa nopoTHor cyAa: 

4., CaMymaae onxyatenHKa y le^ajy 24 caxaxa no 
fteroBOM AO^acsy y cyACRH npHTBop h noysa a& n^a npaBo 
sa^tfe npoTflB pemeiba o craBJbaEy y onTymHo cia&e; 

5., IIpeAceAHHBOBo nosHBaae onTyaseHHKa a& natfepe 
ce(JH (Jparaoita, na aKo ra oniyaeHEK ne 6e H3a6pao, no- 
CTaBAaH>6 TaRBor no SBaHH^noj Ay^HocTH. Obac je 
npMHKa Aa HanoneneMo, ^B, ce laAa npBH nyi, no «paH- 
iiycKOM nocrynKy, 6paHHjiai( Moate a* cacxane c onTyaenH- 
KOM ; cue Aa pacmaxpa asxa n Aa yaie npennce ncrpare ; 

6., Aonyne npexxoAne Fcxpare, y kojihko (Jh npeAceA- 
HHK nopoTHor cyAa HajiasHO Kao noxpeC^HO sa o($janiaeH»e 
CTBapn; h 

7., Caonrnxeae c^iyat^enor nopoxHHqBor cnncKa onxy- 
xeHHKy. Hy obo 6HBa caMO jeAan Aan npe nero mxo te ce 
oxnoqexH nopoxne ceAHHAe. 

CBe xo MH nanoMenycMO caMO paA noxuynocxH y o(JpaAH. 

A AP»6tH ce 3ace6Hor npeAMexa OBe Hame pacnpaBe 
ira Hftc je y obom OAcesy Easnene ncxpare Basno napo^Hxc 
OBo: cacjtymafte onxyfl^eHtrsa h Aonyna npexxoAne ncxpare 
OA expane npeAceAHisa nopoxnor cyAa h;ih saKBor ^ana 
cyAa, Kora 6h oh na xo OApeAHO ; najnooae cac^ymaae CBe- 
AOBa Ban ceAHHiie nopoxHor cyAa m xo h;ih oa expane no- 
MecHor HcrpaatHor cyAJfje h^h h3 KaKBor Apyror necxa, y 
EOMe 6h 6opaBHJiH cBeAOiin; sa xo Leiio o xom6 napo^nxo 
0BA6 nporoBopHXH BeKo;iHRO pe^H. 

Oho cacjiyniaH>e onxy^senHKa oa expane npeAceAHHEa 
nopoxHor cyAa y ^pan^ycKoj npaKXH^H nocxajio je caMO jeAHa 
rojia oopiia, jep 6HBa Bpjio nonpniHO h Bpaxso. To ce na- 



116 EHr.lECKA, *PAHayCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

paBHO He MO»e Aa oao(Jph. A;ih onei, Kao y naraaAy 3a 
TO, opaHuycKa npaKTHsa y^apHJia je (Jap y ocia^oM, Apyrair 
3a onTyjEteHHKa qecro kophchhm nyieM. Ma Aa nocxynaK (^A. 
403) HspeKOM BeJiH, a^ <5h npeAceAHHK nopoxHor cyAa ipe- 
(Jao Aft cacjiyma caMo hobg CBeAOKe — onex je npaKXHKOM 
yxBpl^eno Aa je npeAceAHHK BJiacxan a* npexxoAHy Hcrpary 
AonyHH y CBeiiy, mxo 6h namao sa noxpe^HO h BasKHo. 
Oh xo HoiELe Aa ypaAH 6eao hohobh^hbh caGAymaH>e]L cBeAOBa 
h;ih BemxaKa, 6h;io npeAy3HHaH>eH hobof yBsl^aja h xaso AaJi>e. 
Hy npH CBBM xoM n caio xo npeAceAHHROBO cac^ymafte^ 
onxymeHHBa, Ma rojihko Aa je noBpniHO h npaxBO onex hh 
OHO HHJe caBpmeHo 3a noKyAy. Bam h KaA (5h ce npeAceAHHK 
nopoxHor cyAa y xom cbom BcanxHBafty orpaHH^Ho npocxo Ha 
HHxafte : Aa ^h onxyseHHs ocxaje npn cbojhh HCBa3HHay — 
onex ce ne (Jh moxjio OApetH, Aa h can xaj cacxanaK npeA- 
ceAHHBOB ca onxyseHHBOM nexa CBojy Ao6py cxpany. Obo 
je (Jap y xoMe, mxo te npoAceAHHK Aa no3Ha onxy»eHHKa, 
H mxo te xo cacjiyraafte onxyateHHKy AaxH npH^iBRy Aa (JoAe 
npHnpeMH CBOjy OA(JpaHy, 

Hy ceM xora, A0(5pa cxpana ©panitycKor nocxynKa o^h- 
oeAHO je H y xoMe, mxo npeAceAHHK nopoxHor cyAa ony 
Aonyny npexxoAne Hcxpare n e m o p a Aa orpanH^H caMo Ha 
HCHHXHBafte HOBHx AORasa, Roje ($H Mel^y thm noAHeo AP- 
jRaBHH xysHJiaii, h.ih na HSBHl^a&e hobhx onxyse- 
HHROBHX cpeACxaBa 3a OAtipany, neb mxo oh xo HOse Aa 
ypaAH H BHme no caMon cbom naxo^e&y. Oh ano 
xote Aa na jannoM npexpecy cxnap pyROBOAH Rao mxo xpe6a, 
Mopa HMaxH jacHy c;iHRy o i^ejiOM cxaH>y cxnapn, xe c xora 
HMa H npano, a h Ay^HOCx, Aa npeAy3Me Aonyny HCxpare 
y ^eMy roA (5h caM namao 3a uoxpe^no. A oxyAa je Ropncx 
;^ jeAHO H y xoMe, mxo cne xo npeAceAHdR Mopa caM Aa Bpnm, 
a ne npoRo BaRBor OApet^eaor sacxynnHRa, jep nnaqe xemRO- 



EHT^FCKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPOCKA nOPOTA 117 

<Sh Morao HuaTH jacny npeACTaBRy o iiejioii CTa&y cTBapif, 
4ed qera 6e ly pa^i^a 6H^a HenoysAana. 

Hy Ma ROJiHBO a& cbo to Hiia cBoje Ao6pe CTpane, oneT 
BMJe TO H 6e3 CBOJHX M&Ha. Ilpe cBera to npaBO npeAceA- 
HHKOBo A& Aonyftyje HCTpary ca cbhm ctojh na 36Hji»HniTy 
HHRBHSHTopcBor HaqHHa H3BHl)aH>a. A ceM Tora, dito poa 
-ce BHme nonaBJBa h Aonyftyje npeTXOAna HCTpara npe npe- 
Tpeca, y tojihko BHme oBaj nocTaje caHO npocTa CBe^aHa 
«opMajiHocT Taso, A^ ce na E6My caMO nonaBjiba oho, bito 
Bet HMa ) HHCMeHOJ HCTpaSH. A npeTpec ne cue to Aa 6yAe. 
Ha npoTHB OH TpeCa a^ 6y^e s h b a npeACTaBa i^e^ioRynHor 
«TaH>a CTBapH, Hapo^HTo RaA ce houhmh, roahro paaHHX 
HCTpasHHX cyAHJa, noA pasHHH HieHHMa, Mory a^ paAe na 
jeAHoj HCToj CTBapH npe Hero niTo 6h oHa Aom^a na janan 
npeTpec npeA nopoTy, — oHAa je ca cbhm npHpoAHO sann- 
TaTH, Aa -/iH ce TO CBe Moxe as caosh ca hhcto onTyxnoM 
CHCTeMOM?! 3a ite^o ne. A to je najowTHJe y cjiy^aJHMa 
TaRo HasBaHHX flagrants d^lits, to jecT RaA 6h ro 6ho yxna- 
ten Ha caMOM RaaiftHBOM A^^y- ^ TaRBHM cjiy^aJHMa Moseie Aa 
6jAe, Rao mTo Bet peROCMO, n p b h HCTpasHHR can AP^aBHH 
TysH^aii, aRO ($h CTBap casnao npe HCTpa»Hor cyAHJe. A 
oneT Rao Apyrn ncTpasHHR y thm CJiy^aJHMa, a h nna^e, 
paAH onaj cyAHJa, rojh noc^e AP«aBHor Ty5KH0Aa HCTpary 
T3HMa y cBOJe pyRe. Aa^e Rao Tpetn HCTpaxHHR nojaBJbyje 
<je caMa onTyatna ROMopa, aRo 6n HapeAH^a a o n y h y HCTpare, 
H aRO ($H y TO HMe OApoAHJia jeAHor oa cbojhx qjianoBa. H 
najnocjie Rao qeTBpTH HCTpaxHHR paAH upeAceAHHR no- 
poTHor cyAa, aRO ($h oh nocjie pemeeba o CTaBA»aH>y y onTys^no 
craae npeAyseo noHonnqny Aonyny npeTXOAHe HCTpare, 6hao 
c npH6aBjbaH>eM hobhx A0Ra3ay hjih h 6ez Tora. A y TaRBOM 
cjiy^ajy momo (Jh ce Bpjio jiaRo h to a^chth, Aa noAnecena 
Tys6a ne 6e oAronapajia npe^mftoj HCTpaBH, na oneT 3a 



118 EHr^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 

TO oHa ce He ($q Mooa xprHyTH Beb ($n h nopoxa o H>oj 
Mopa;ia AoneiH CBojy OA^yKy. 

Osaj npBH o6jiHB Hcxpare Morao 6e ce HasBaTH npny- 
roTOBHHM; ApyrH npeixoAHHH; xpeliH HaBHaAHHH; h najno- 
Cwie ^exBpxH Mel^yBpeMeHOi ncxparoM, y bojihbo 6h AOJiasHO 
y Bpeme oa cxaBAafta y onxyatHO cxaite, na ao rjiaBHor npe- 
xpeca npeA nopoxHHM cyAOM. 

y CBaBOM OA THX pasHHx o6milksl Hcxpare paAe CBe 
caHO Apyre ^h^hocxh, ^ac cyACBO-nojiHi^HCBe (nao y 
npBHM ABaiia o6jiHitHMa), a ^u cyACse^ (nao y Asana no- 

CJieAB>HM 0($JlHAHMa). 

OopMa^HO y3HMajytiH, xo no «paHAycicoM RasneHoii no- 
cxynKy napaBHo Aa h ne Mose ApyKWJe Aa <5yAe, jep c npe- 
AajoM KaKBe cxBapn caBexHOJ KOMopn (oAeAeay) npecxaje 
Rpyr paAa cyACRe no^iHi^Bje, a nacxaje HaA^e»Hocx cyACRa. 
G xora n nsme y q^iaHy 236 opaeiiycRor RasHenor nocxyuRa 
HspHqHo, Aa (5h AOMel^eite, Roje 6h HapeAH^a onxymna ro- 
Hopa, Mopao Aa HSBpiBH J6AaH qjiaH cyAa, rojh 6h xaAa 
paAHO Rao HcxpasHH cyAHJa h HMao CBa H>eroBa npaBa h 
AysHOCXH, no saRony. 

A ne^y XHM ona paAfta, Rojy 6h npeAceAHHR nopoxnor 
cyAa namao aa noxpe($HO Aa paAH nocjie peme^a o cxaBji»aH>y 
noA cyA, Mopa Aa 6jAe ^ucxo npeAceAHHROBa. Jep y xom 
BpeMCHy Rasnenor npoiteca Apyrn nnje B^acxan xo Aa npe- 
AysHia. HcxpasHH cyABJa niije BJiacxan xo Aa paAH 3($or 
Bek Aonecenor peme&a o cxaBibaEy y onxysno cxaae. A 
onex AP^aBHOM xysnoi^y xo npaBo ne Mose Aa npnnaAfle 
c xora, mxo on h 3a Bpeiie npexxoAne ncxpare roa ncxpas- 
Hor cyAHJe peAOBHO Moae caMO Aa tohh npeA^ore sa Hcxpary, 
a ne Aa ra n caM Bpnin. On nena npana xo paAHxn mxa 
Bsme BH OHAa, RaA 6e Me^y thm ca3Hao sa RaRBe noBe ao* 
Rase, jep on AORase y onmxe Moaie caHO Aa mshoch npeA 
npHMHpHor HJiH HCxpaatHor cyAHJy. 



EHr.lECKA, *PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 119 

A ROA TaRBor CTaH>a cxBapn Ta^a He 6e ocxao hhro 
Apyrn Aa npeAysne Aonyny HCTpary, BeL caM npeAceARHR 
nopoTHor cyAa. A<>k Mel^y thn xa H>eroBa ncxpasHHqRa y;Lora 
Bpjio ce la^io Cjiase c Ay^HonAy tf nojio^sajeii npoAceA- 
HHRa. Oh HCTHHa no HORaA Mose Aa napeAH h RaRBor 
q;iaHa cyAa Aa, y necTO H»era, ly Aonyny Hcrpare ypaAH. 
Ajih to peTRO 6HBa, jep OHAa oh ho 6h cTBap Ao6po SHao^ 
a npHTOM OH 6h h TaAa CBanaRO ocxao ncxpasHHR, na 
6h;io Aa xy Aonyny Hcxpare Bpnur RanaB ^^B,n nopoxHor cyAa 
no ftoroBOJ HapeA(^H, 6h^o RaRaB HcxpasHH cyAHJa Apyror 
leexa, aRO 6h ce CB6A0itH najiasHAH Ban lecxa nopoxnor 
cyAa. Jep cnaRH HcxpasHHR, rojh cBojy AysHOCx BpmH npeRO 
RaRBor Apyror ;lH^a, xo paAH camo no cajih CBOje Hcxpam- 
HHqRe yjiore. 

/l,pmeliH ce xora y $paHitycROJ Basu AajiBe Rao upaBH/iOy 
Aa aRO 6e nocjie cxaBJbaH»a y onxy^RHO exaH>e AP^aBHH xy- 
sRJUAtLH casnao sa RaRBe hobo AORase^ oh ($h ce 3a nsBHl^aj, 
npeia H>HMa, Mopao oCipaxHXH npoAceAHHRy nopoxnor cyAa. 
H npoAceAHHR 6h xaAa napeAHO AOcJie^efte, na no mxo 611 ce 
OHO cBpmH;io, oHAa 6h npeAceAHHR aRxa xoMe c^iao hoa ne- 
qaxoM AeJiOBol^H nopoxnor cyAa (greffier). A osaj RaA oxBopn 
aRxa, ona oHAa nocxajy Aeo ncxpare, h sa xo ce nopajy 
caomnxHxn n APKannoM xyatnoity h (JpaHHoity onxy»eflora. 
Obh OHAa HMajy npano Aa ce RopBcxyjy pesy^xaxoM h xe none 
Hcxpare. ApaaBHH xyatHJiait Mo»e hobo CBOAORe Aa yBpcxH 
y cHHcaR CBeAORa, rojh ce Bnajy SBaxn na npexpec. A xaRo 
HCTO H onxyaeHHR ma npano Aa npeA^oatH h CBOJe cbbaoro 
H H»HX Aa yBpcxH y cnHcaR cBOAORa 3 a oA^pany, aRO y h»h- 
xoBHM BCRasHMa Ha;ia3H mxo sa ce. Hy xhm ce y jeAno 3 a- 
RAyqyje HHCMena Hcxpara; sa xo noc^ie xora onxymennR 
neiia npana saxxeBaxH, Aa ce jom RaRBH H>eroBif cboaoah 
npexxoAHO npoxoROJiapno cac^ymajy, net ano 6h hx nocjie 



120 EHT^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA OOPOTA 

ca3Hao, OHAa ce ibHxoBo cacjiymafto HMa Aa HSBpmi tbk Ha 
jaBHOM nperpecy. 

Mh ApsHHo, Aa je obo noc^eAfte ca cbhm nyxHO. EaA 
6h ce npoTHBHo paAHJio, OHAa 6b nHCMOHO HSBHl^afte, Koje 
je H raaqe pasBy^eHO, 6eao totobo (Jes Kpaja. A;iH ynpaBO 
36or Tora h Mopaiio saiiepHTH opaHiiycBOM nocTynsy, idto 
ce c pemeiiieM o ciaBjikaiby y onxysHo ciai&e canpmeHo He 
npeBHAa CBasa Aa^a nHCMena Hcrpara, h bito ce cBe Apyro 
He ocTaBJi>a 3a jaBHH npexpec. To 6fL ce npaBAajio BapoqRTO 
c Tora, niTO pesy.ixaTH Aonyne Hcrpare (instruction inter- 
inediaire) Hoiiajy, Rao rnxo cho BeL nosasa^H. HHBaRBa yxH- 
i^aja HHXH Ha pemoGbe o cxaBJbafty no a cyA, hhxh na xys6y, 
jep ce HH jeAHo oa xora ABora ne Mose Aa HSMeHH npena 
BaBHaAHoj HCxpasH. EaA 6ii Beb jeAHOM h caBexna h onxy»Ha 
KOMopa (oACAefte) naniAH, Aa aoxhtoh cjiy^aj cnaAa y naA- 
;ie»Hocx nopoxe h Aa BMa Aocxa ocHOBa npoxHB jih^hocxh oh- 
xyxeHHROBe, OHAa 6b OAnax xp66a^o Aa npecxane caaBa as-m 
npeixoAHa nncHeHa trcxpara. IIIxo ce HHJe mofjio A^^^a pa- 
CBex;iHXH y AOxaAaftoj npexxoAHOj HCxpasH, xo 6h ce naAO- 
RHaAH;io Ha jaBHOM h ycMeHOM npexpecy. A noBpx xora, nap- 
xajaMa je h HHa^e cjio($oaho na npexpec Aa Hsnecy noBe AORase 
H Aa ce H>HHa Ropncxyjy, CBe Aa 6e h 6n^o AOURan Aa ce n 
npeia GbHia ypaAH npexxoAna HHciieHa Hcxpara ca yspoRa, mio 
6h napxaja aa xe AORase ca3Ha;ia xeR noc^ie caonmxeHe joj 
xys6e. Mo^Aa 6e ce hoxjio roBopHxir, Aa 6e ;i a r m e 6hjio 
3a npeAceAHHRa nopoxHor cyAa, RaA 6n ce h xo npexxoAHo 
irsBHAHJio. Ajih npH xoM ce ne cue 3a6opaBiixH, Aa 61H OHAa 
npoAceAHHR Hopao npHMHXH na ce yjiory Hcxpa^HHRa, RaA 
6k h xo npe npexpeca nHCMeno h3bh^o. Mel^y xhm xaRBO 
BpakaGbe Aa ce h xhm hobhm AORaBHMa HSBpmH nHCxeHa 
acxpara npe npexpeca oCh^ho ce 6paHH, nopoA ocxa^or, m 
xHMe, mxo ce Ha xaj Ha^HH npeAceAHHR nopoxnor cyAa 6oji»e 
Moate Aa cnpeMU 3a pyROBo^ette npexpeca npoy^aBaaeM aRxa. 



EHF^ECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 121 

Aae h Taj pastor He ctojh, jep Ma kojihro ^sl je onmnpHa 
npeTxoAHa lerpara ; h Ha rojihbo a^ <$h je npeAceAHHB ao- 
nyftasao, oneT c^ He 611 hofao cape^mH to, a^* CTBap Ha 
npeTpecy He A0(5HJe hob o6pT, sa bojh npeAceAHHK HBJe cnpe- 
xaHy na Ma bo;ihbo Aft jo npoy^Ho aKTa npeixoAHe HCTpare. 

Hs CBera xora, hito cmo ao caA roBopH^H bhah ce, a^ 
BOA $paHay3a hhbbh3btopcbh BapasTep HMa He caMo 
npoTxoAHa HCTpara, Bet a^ ce to hcto or;ieAa nyAPyroj 
nepHOAH npoiteca, to jeer y paAy caseTHe h onTyatHe ko- 
Mope; na mTa BHme qaB m y Tpetoj nepHOAH, y My^njy 
Aonyne HCTpare noae CTaBJtaaa y onTyatno CTaH»e. 

Ha BpaTBo Aft pe^eMO, i^e^ia Hcxpara y ^paniiysa BMa 
«Bojy HHEBH3HTopcBy (5ojy CBe AO noTOTsa ycMOHor H3BB]^aH»a, 
AO caMor npeTpeca npsA nopoTOM, IffTa BHme to ce Ha iia- 
BecTan na^HH npoAysyje h na caMOM npeTpecy, bS.o mto LeMo 
HOBasaTH Majio HB^e. 

Ao caA CMO roBopHjiH pasJiHiin y HSBo^eBy onTym- 
Hor CHCTOMa y npoTXOAHoj HCTpasH KaBo no enr^iecBOM, 
TBBO H no *paH^ycEOM BasHenoM nocTynBy. A caA Aft bh- 
AHMO BaBo je TO BOA OpaHKysa h Ha caMOM npeTpecy. 

Pa3;iHKa, Boje HMa y npeTXOAHOJ HCTpasH, noBasyje ce 
TaRO HCTO H na waBHOM npeTpecy. KaBan je no^OTaB, ona- 
BaB je H CBpmoTaB. 

Enr^ecBH BaaneHH nocTynaB, Bao hito cmo BUAe^H, jom 
Y npoTXOAHOJ HCTpasH caBpnieHO je CJio6oAaH oa cnaBe hh- 
BBHSHTopcBO Te2BH>e. Oh HHBaBo HO CMepa, Aft onxyaieHnRa 
napo^HTo npHrna Aft 6e npHsnao EpHBH^y. A y TOMe h jecT 
yapoB, Aft OHwecBa npeTxoAHa HCTpara hoch na ce(>H sna- 
Meae: janHocTM, HCBpenocTH, BpaTBote h qone^- 
HOCTH y TOJiHBoj MopH, Aft OHa y TOMO HMa Be;iHBy npe- 
Bary naA BasnenHM nocryni^HMa ocTajiHX o^pasoBanex napoAa. 
A HopoA TaRBor npaaiia y enrjiecROM RasHenoM nocTynRy jora 
II y caMOM noqeTRy HCTpare, paaywe C3 Aft ce cbo to Mopa 



122 EHr^ECKA, *PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

Ah or.ieAa h Ha caMOM npeipecy. UlTa BHine y Enr^iecKOJ 
ce 7 TOMe hab xaKO Aa^ieso, a^ ce xaio Bp;io lajio nojiaiKe 
BpeAHOCT Ha npHSHaGbe oniysenHKOBO^ Koje je y hhkbh3h- 
TopcBOM nocxynBy koa HeHai^a h OpaHitysa Ha npoTHB naj- 
BasHHJa qHH>eHHiia, to c xora je y obom noM6AH>6M nocrynsy 
npH3HaGb6 H HasBaHo: ^Kpaji»Hita Aosasa'' (regina probatio- 
num). Ha npoxHB mhofh enrjiecBH nayqHHi^H h cyBHme Ha^o 
Kene npHSHaibe onxyseHHSOBo Bao AOKasHo cpeACXBO. Taso 
HeKH OA H>nx Be^e, a& J6 npH3HaH>e ^najrope n HaJHenys- 
AaHHJe AOKasHo cpeACXBo.** 

MoatAa J6 H npexepana xaKBa qyAHonaxa oijeHa o npH- 
3Hafi>y onxyseHHBOBOM, KaA ce 3Ha, a& ce y HosaJHHqKOM h 
A0($poBOJi>H0H npH3Hafi>y yneB Hopa a^^ orJieAa Hoh h HaBa;ia 
rpnate caBecxH. 3a xo cy PHMJbaHH h peKJiH : (confessio con- 
scientiae vox est* (^npHSHaae je r^iac caBecxH**). To napo- 
qHxo qyAHO H3rjieAa koa EHrjie3a, sa Koje ce ana, Aa cy na- 
poA no6oKaH h Kapaicxepan. A^h npH CBem xom ca r^eAHHixa 
cxpore npaBAe y RaanenHH npeAMexHHa, ne Mose ce saxe- 
paxH oHaKBOJ eHMecKoj oi^enH h MHnijiefty o onxyateHHEO- 
BOM npfl3HaH>y. Jep RaA ce sna Aa npnsHafte xaKO H8jio 
BpeAH, oHAa te ce h HcipaKHHK yneK xpyAHXH, Aa npH(JaBH 
cxBapne AOKaae o KaKBOM onxyaefty, a nete ce 3aA0- 
BOibHXH caMo c ^opMaJiHHH AOsasoM, Rao mxo je npH- 
3HaH>e. Ha npoxHB RaA 3aR0H nojiaace BpeAHOcx na npH3Hafte, 
OHAa oxyAa Moate Aa nacxane: 

1., OcHOBana 3e6H>a, Aa ce y npexxoAHy Hcxpary mo- 
pajy ynyLa HenaRBe nHRBH3HxopcRe BemxHHe. A y xaBBOH 
cjiyqajy 6eao 6h Bp;io xeniRo pa3;iHR0BaxH qncxo h HCRpeno 
npB3Hatt>e oa npHsnafta HBMajcxopHcanor h nsMHniibeHor, na 
Mo»Aa H H3flyl>eHor, HeAor;ieAHo je mxa ce xaAa He 6h mo- 
r;io Aa npoxypn hoa o6jihrom ^AparoBOJiHor*" npHsnafta!! 
Arc ce AaR^e HCRpeno xote, Aa RasHenn nocxynaR (JyAe cjio- 
6oAaH OA cBane HHRBH3HxopcRe xeaae (Rao mxo je y Eh- 



EHr.lEUKA, 4>pAHUyCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA 123 

rjiecBoj), — oHAa cyAHJa ne CMe HHKaA no^iaraiH Be^HKy 
BasHocT Ha To^ A^ ($H ce OA onTy»6HHKa ao($hjio npn- 
3HaB>e. CaaKO npoTHBHO cjahjcko 7($e1^eH>e 6hjio 62. ona- 
CHo, jep tfH ce xa^a onxyaHa CHCTema y KasneHOM nociynKy 
Hajnocjie nopajia npexBopHTH y cHcxeiy HHKBn3HxopcBy. 
CeM xora 

2.y Ga rjiBAHmxa ^hcxo oniy^He CHcxeme Mopa ce cna- 
xpaxH sao OACxynafte oa iipaBHJia, Bao Hemxo hoo^h^ho, BaA 
onxyaeHHB, y Mecxo a^ oqesyje a^ xyaiH^aii AOBaayje 
fteroBy BpHBHity h a* nopoxa cyAH bbhom oncxojafty hjih 
H6 caMO no HSHeceHHM AOBasHMa, — a oho a^ caH onxyse- 
HHB CBOJHM npH3HaH»eM ynpaB ymxet^yje xpyA h tjmmnj Aa 
xyiB6y AOBasyje, h nopoxH a^ cyAH. Jep bo cbojhm npH- 
SHafteM caM ce6H lape^e cyA, xomo Hi?je noxpe(JHo a* jom h 
nopoxa HspHqe : Aa Am je spnB h^h HHJe, Beb 6e OHAa 6iiA0 
Aocxa, Aa ra ApaaBne cyAHJe caMO ocyAe na Basny. Met^y 
XHM y B04HB0 je ja^e Besano npH3HaH>e c bhbbh3hxopcbom 
CHCxeMOM y Ba3HeH0M nocxynBy, y xo^ihbo je MaH»e oho no- 
xpetfflo npaBOj onxyanoj CHCxeMH. C xora ce, c r^eAnnixa 
xe noc;ieAH>e cncxeie cxnap yBumajyliH, mopa HaH»e xesHXH, 
Aa ce Ao6HJe npii3HaH»e onxyseHBBOBo ; 

3., noBpx xora, BaBo ce enrjiecBa npexxoAna ncxpara 
OAJiHByje cBojoM BpaxBotoM, xo 6ii 6hjio Bpjio xeniBo boh- 
xpo^iHcaxH, A* ^H je npH3HaH>e BeposaxHO, xo jecx a^ 
^H ce cjiase c A0Ba3aHHM oBojiHOcxniia Ae/ia. Sna ce, a^ ce 
H no HHBBH3HxopcBoj CHCxeHH npH3HaH»e ysHMa 3a nynoBaH^HO 
caxo OHAa, BaA ^^ ce noAyA^P^^^o ca A0Ba3aHHM oBOJinocxHMa 
Ae^a. To je, napaBHO ca cbbm nyxHO. A y xaBBOM cjiy^ajy 
HCxpamHHB 6h pa3yMe ce, Mopao a^ yxpomn mbofo BpeHena 
I xpyAa, AOB 6h h3bhaho CBe r;iaBHe h cnopoAne obojiho- 
cxH AG^Q" A na h^oxhb earjiecBH cyAHJa, bojh, 6e3 Ayra^- 
KHx npexxoABHx Hcxpara, CBOJy npecyAy H3pHqe na ocHony 
npH8HaH>a h;ih Apyrnx A0Ba3a npeA H>era HsneceHHx, He ho^bo 



124 



EHr-lECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA H CPDCKA HOPOTA 



H H6 Hopa Ha npB3HaH>e y npexxoAHOM iipoiiecy noyiaraiH 
OHOJiHsy sasHOCT, ROJiHRo 6h ce TO Mopajio paABTH no hh- 

RBH3HT0pCE0J CHCT6MH ; HaJHOC^e 

4., Ho lOTo saKOH ne cnpeqasa oniyateHHRa, a^ cbojo 
npHBHafte HCRa»e 6b;io y npexxoAHOj HcipasH, 6HJio AO^HHje; 
mxa BHine no niTo je npeAceAHBR, npn oino^eTRy jaBHor 
npeipeca, Aysan nspoROH ynHTaiH onTysenHRa Aft -^h npi- 
3Haje h;ih ne CBOjy RpnBHuy, — oHAa je THMe ypal^eno CBe 
mxo ce pa^yMHO y tomc Moaie Tpa»HTjf, h no Toie je cy- 
BHmno TO npHsnaiBe xpaa^MTH jom h y npexxoAHOj ncxpasn. 

One mxo 6h ce npeRo xora xpasHJio oa onxymenHRa, 
noRasHBa^o in caxo hhrbhshxopcrh CMep. OxyAa, RaA roA 
<5h onxyacHHR jom y npexxoAHOj Hcxpaan Rasao, Aa nele 
Aa OAroBapa, xo anaqn, fl,^ oh xpa^H a^ My ce AORaate Be- 
TOBa RpHBHi^a, H c xoxa ce Ad^e He 6vl cMejio nn HaBaA»HBaxn 
Ha H>era Aa npHsna. Hcxo xaRo RaA ($h onxysEenHR h na 
npexpecy Rasao, Aa ne npnsHaje RpeBHiiy, ne 6h ce csieo oh 
Aa^e xoMe hh nuxaxH. OBaRHM aocxynaH>eM npeiia onxy- 
jKOHHRy, Besiy ce ne yRpalyje npHjiHRa sa aeroBy oA^pany. 
Ha npoxMB qecxo je y lyxaay H>eroBa HaJBeLa oA^pana, jep 
Ha xaj na^HH oh Hoase, 663 HRaRse onacHocxB 3a ce6e, naj- 
npe AA ca3Ha cae mxa ana npoxHB H>era, na xeK OHAa Aa 
€e 6paHH c noxnynoM noysAanomly. Oh 6h ce, ao Aynie, 
HeRH nyx, Morao y xoMe h a^ npenapa, jep 6h Morao 3(Jor 
tiyxaH>a Aa ocxaBH nemxo Heo6jamH>eHO. Ajie npn cnen xoh 
npHpoAHHJe je ocxanuxH caMOH onxysenHRy a^ ((npa, mxa 
je Haj6ojbe sa fteroBy 0A(5paHy; nero noA o6jhrom ,Aa <5h 
My ce AaJia npHJiHRa 3a OAfipany**, cxaBjtaxH ra noA «op- 
va;LHy HHRBHaHi^HJy. 

Tune A0^a3» Aa onmHpHHJe roBopHMo o enryiecROH h 
«paHiiycROii waBHOE npexpecy ; ny napaBHO oba© caMO c rjie- 
AHfflxa H3Bol}eH>y oiixyatne cHCxene, h xo: 



EHrJECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 125 

1., no enr^iecKoii KaaneHOM nocTynKjr. 

KoA Enoesa ce onTyana CHcreMa aocabaeo ociBapyje 
I Ha caMOM rJiaBHOM npexpecy, h to y ABa npasiia: y no- 
CTynaH>y cnpaM onTya^eHHKa, bojh 6h npHSHasao cBojy 

RpHBHay, Rao H y TOHO, niTO ce A0Ra3HBaH>6 RpHBHIie H OA- 

6paHe ocraBJba napxajaMa. 

HcTHHa A^ ce y npexxoAHOj EcrpasH ee cne HaBaj^HBaxH 
Ha onTyjReHHRa a^ 6h npHsnao RpHBHi^y. Hy oniya^eHHR 
Mose, OA CBOje Apare BOA»e, jom h xaAa hjia HHaqe Ban cyAa, 
npHSHaxH CBOJy RpHBHiiy. A 6ho obo cjiy^aj h^h ne, CBaRaRO 
ce Kopa oaxymeHHR h na MaBHOM npexpecy^^no npoHHxafty 
xy3K(Je, ynHxaxH, a* -^h npnsHaje RpHBHity hjih ne, Rao h 
Aa AE y TOM nooaeAfteM cjiy^ajy xpa»H a* My ce AORa»e 

RpHBHIia. 

IIpeHa TOMe Bajba pas.iHROBaTH osa Asa cjiy^aja: 
a., EaA 6e ce onTy»eHHR Ha npeTpecy nsjacHHo a^ 

HHJe RpHB. 

y TaRBOM cjiyqajy TyatHJiaij HapaBHO Aa je Ay«aH o6pa- 
THTH nasH>y nopoTHHRa na oho H>eroBo npBamfte npM8Hau>e^ 
aRO ra je 6hjio. H oHAa HOHce Aa 6yAe obo ABoje. Hjih 6h on- 
TysoHHR Horao AORasaTH, AaJenpoTHBsaROHHM cpeACXBHia Rao: 
npeTftOM, o6eiiaH>HMa h tomo cjih^ho HarnaH na npH3HaH>e. Ha 
aRO 6h oh y Tone ycneo, OHAa 6h H»eroB0 npH3HaH>e Hsry^DJio 
CBaRy AORasHy Moh. Hajh onTyHceHHR to ne 6h Morao AORa- 
saxH, Boh 6h ce Ha upoxHB npHsnafte noTRpenibaBajio 3BaHHq- 
HHH aRTHia H3 npeTXOAHO HCTpare hjih HcnpaBaHa h cboao- 
i](nMa; a TaAa 6h 3aBHCHJio oa nopoTHHRa y rojihro be Bepe 
Aa noRjioHH npBaniH>eH upH3Hafty. A no hito y EHMecRoj y 
onniTO HHJe noBOAHo yBepeae o paAOBHua npoTXOAHe HCTpare^ 

— TO Cy nOpOTHHIlH yBOR HaRJ10H>eHFJH, Aa Behy Baa^HOCT 

Aajy CBaRoj oroahocth, rojom 6h ce c^a^HJio to npH3HaH>e, 
Hero HITO 6h to paAHJiH opaniiycRH hjih neMa^RH nopoTHHi^H. 
y $paHiiycROJ H HeMa^Roj nopoTa jeAHaRO paAH c onTyate- 



126 EHT-IECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA DOPOTA 

HHROM H BOJH 6z SpOA H>OM npHSHaO KpHBHI^y, SaO H C OHHI 

EOJH TO He (Jh npH3Hao, TO jecT CBaKaKO no CBpmeHOM npe- 
Tpecy nopoTHMiiH HspH^y ceojy npecjAj. J[ok Ha npoTHB y 
EHMecBoj y cjiy^ajy npHSHaaa na caMOM npeTpecy, (JHBa 
npoTHBHo, Kao nrro beMO noKaaaTH ca^ Ma^o hhso. 

6., KaA 6h ce onTyatenHK HSJacHHo, a^ j© kphb, hjih 
II pe h;ih tgk na caMOM npeTpecy. Oh 6h to Morao Aa ypaAH 
HJiH niTo ce Kaje mjih hito 6n ce na Taj na^HH naAao Ha&oj 
ocyAH. Hnje peTKo Aa yTHijajeM 6paHH0ita, onTyateHHK npeA 
nopoToi npHsna KpHBHijy, ano My Ty»HJiait o6ela a* ^^ ra Ty- 
SHTH 3a Ma&y spHBHiiy, na npHJiHKy y necTO onacne Bpa^e 
sa npocTV Kpa^. TaKBH c;iyqajeBH 6HBajy napo^HTO OHAa, EaA 
ce nojiase napo^HTH HHTepec na to, a& onTysennK He ((yAe 
ca CBHM ocjio^oi^en; a nel^y thm My ce o6eha Aa CTBap 3a 
H>era ne caMo neiie HMaTH Tese nocjieAHiie, seii aa ^6 oh 
6hth jora H npenopyqen sa mh^ioct. TaKBe noroA(Je, Ma ko- 
jiflRO Aa Tenrno OAroBapajy CHCTeMH jaBHor onTya^HyiamTBa, 
oneT HHcy TaRo Heo6H^He, c MeAHmra npHsaTHor onTysH- 
j&aniTBa. Hy oneT ce h TaAa npHsna&e ne 6h cMe^o npHMHTH 
TaKO o^aso, jep ono BCKj&yqyjo h caMo cy^e^e oa erpaHe 
nopoTHHBa, sao h AORasHBa&e oa CTpane Tya^Hoiia. Ilpe CBora 
OHO BpeAH TeK KaA ce ynHnie y npoTOKOJi. A cne AOTJie 
onTyaeHHKy Mopa 6hth AonyraTeno Aa Tprne CTBoje npn- 
sna&e, h to ne AajytiH pas^ora sa to. TaAa 6h CTBap HoiJia 
CBOJEM o^H^nHM TOBOM TaKO, Aa 6h HopoTa ouTyseHHKa Mor.ia 
joHT H Aa OCJI060AH, aBO 6e Ha;ia8H;ia Aa H>eroBa KpHBHi^a 
HHJe AOBasana. OTyAa je y EHMecBOJ h nocTajia npaBTHBa, 
Aa npeAceAaBa,/iait cyAHJa y nopoTHOM cyAy npexxoAHo HcnH- 
Tyje Aa ^h je npHSHaae noTnyno cjioCoaho h hs yCeljeaa, 
na ra TeK oHAa CTan^a na npoTOBOJi. Y to HMe npeAceAHHB ce 
napoTOTo TpyAH Aa casna yspoB h no6yAy Tor npn- 
8HaH>a; ay bcto BpeMe whh onTyaenHBa najBAHBHM na 
TeniBe nocjieAHiie npHSHaaa. niTa BHme npeAceABHB mohg 



EHr^ECKA, ♦PAHqyCKA M CPRCKA DOPOTA 127 

onTyseHHEa, rojh 6e ji,mo jpaAHO noA o^aKmaBHHi oroaho- 
CTHia, (a Ka3Ha 6h npa cb6 tom ((HJia Bp^o CTpora), jom h 
onoMeHjTH, Aft ((h 3a Bora hopjio 6o&b 6hth, a^ Tprne CBOje 
npH3HaH>e, na a^ ocxaBH, a^ ce cxBap AORasyje 663 Tora. H 
TGR aRO ((h onTjaLeHHR, H npeRO thx npeAcraBaRa h odo- 
Mena, oneT ociao npH cbomb iipH3HaBy, — oHAa ra npeA- 
ceAHHR He 6h aslaq o Tone nHxao, Bet 6)i\ OAMax napeAHO, a* 
ra OABeAj, A&M HCipary npeRHAao (5h o tom onTyaeay, iia 
6h npH Rpajy nopoicRFX ceAHHiia o CBHMa ocraABE oniyate- 
H>HMa npeAceAHHR xaAa caMo H3peRao Ra3Hy tom onTya^eHHRy 
3a fteroBy npH3HaTy iipHBHity. Y xaRBOM My^ajy nopoxa Aa- 
RAe He 6vL AOHocHJia HBRaRsy OA^yRy o oHoie, rojh 6h CBojy 
RpHBHiiy npHsnao na npexpecy. 

Mhoxh CMaxpajy xe cyAHJCRe npeACxaBRe h HaflOMene 3a 
npexepane, a y jeAHo h HeAOCxojne 3a cyAwjy. Ajih npn cBeM 
xoM He Moate ce nopeln, Aa TeR RaA je jacna n o (J y a a npn- 
3HaHa; h xeR no mxo 6h onxyseHHRy 6iiAa otipaiiena nasH»a 
Ha noMOAHiie aeroBor npHSHaaa, — tor xaAa AaR^e ne ($h 
Morjo 6nxH HHRaRBO cyMite o qncxocxH npH3HaH>a (animus 
confitenti). Hna^e sap je xeniRO nponalH y3poR, 36or Rora 
onxyaeHHijH Bp^o ^ecxo OApn^y npHsnaae, Roje (Jh ypa- 
AHiiH noA yxHi^ajeH bhrbhshxopgrox upoiieca ? ! Sap 6h xoMe 
lorao 6hxh RaRaB Apyrn yspoR, seii hjih mxo ne 6h 6eao 
np&BHX no((yAa 3a xo npHsnafte; hah mxo 6vl onxy^OHHR 
Bpjio AOiiRan ca3HBo nocAeAHi^e CBora npH3HaH>a ; hjih najno- 
CAe mxo 6h 6ixao h xo o6oje. 

Ha RpaxRo Aa RaateMo, npHsnaite, no enrjiecROM Rasne- 
HOH nocxynny, HHJe xaRRo BeAHRO A0Ra3H0 cpeAcxBO, Aa 6h 
ymxe^HBaAo xyaH0^y xpyAa Aa A'OKasyje Ty»6y. 

Hete (Jhxh cyBHmHo Aa OBAe HanoMeneMO MnxepMa- 
jepoBo MHfflAeBe o xoMe. On ap^^h, Aa ce npecxanaR Aa^er 
nopoxHH^Ror paAa, y cjiyqajy onxymeHHROBor npH3HaH>a 
Ha caHOH npexpecy npeA nopoxoH, He ocHHsa xoahro na Ra- 



128 EHTAECKK, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

EBHM yHyxpamftHM yspoitHMa, koahko ua BCTopHjcKOi pasBHly 
nopoie y EnrjiecKoj. MHiepiiajep bgah Aa J6 to nocrajio 
OTyAa, mTo cy nopoTHHRe najnpe CHaTpa;iH sao HeKf^ CBOAOKe, 
na nocTeneHo raio cy nocxajiH Kao H3a6p3Be cyAHJo, Oh 
Aajbe AP^H Aa npoTHBHa paA&a He 6h OAroBapa;ia Ayxy no- 
poTHor cyAa, npaBoi sna^ajy npssHasa h naJBHrnei ocHOBy 
Ra3HeHHX npoiieca. 

Hy 6viAo KaKO ly Aparo c nocTaHKOM Tor Hft^e^ia y en- 
rjiecKOM nopoTHOtf cy1^eH>y, — CBaBaRo ce ne Moaie nopehi 
lOBe^HocT xaRBOM Ha^ejiy y enrjiecBOM RasHeHOM nocTynEy. 

na H aRo ce ne 6ii mofjio pebH, Aa 6in ce to Ha^ejio 
enrjiecEor Ra3HeHor nocxynRa mofao RopncHO Aa npHHOHH 
H na npoTHBHy opaHiiycKy cHCTCMy y RaBHeHHi A^-^iH^a, — 
oncT ce He 6h hlotao OApelH, Aa y toj RapaKTepHCxnitH 
eHwecRor nocTyoRa neMa Aocra ynyTpamfte AOC^eAHOCTH h 
nyaBAe. 

Me^y THM jom h y CTapo-repiiaHCROM RasHenoM npany, 
noA Eap^oM BejiHRHM, 6hjio je na^eAo : Aa OHaj onxyseHHR, 
ROJH 6h npH3Hao RpBBEity, „caM ce6H cyAH**, na no TOie 
H Aa 6h 6h;io cyBHniHO, Aa jom n nopora o t o m e cyAH. CyA 
je, nncajio ce jom TaAa, caMo sa to, Aa pemana o cnop- 
HHH 36HiiHHa; H Aa npHMeHu npanne noc^ieAHi^e aRO 6h Ta 
stfniia yseo 3 a HCTHHHTa na mTOTv onTymeHHROBy. A Ra^ 
ne 6e 6hjio HHRaRBa cnopa Mel^y napTajaxa o^aRTH^noi 
nnTaH>y, to jecT RaA 6h onTymeHHR npHSHanao CBOJy Rpn- 
BHiiy, oHAa nopoTHHiiH He (5h HMajiH niTa hh Aa paAe, ne 6h 
HMajiH noTpe6e hh Aa peraanajy: Aa^HJe OHTyateniiR RpHB 
HJiH HHJe, a oneT pacnpana npaBHor nHTaaa h ne AOJiasn 
y ftHXOB nopoTHMqRH Rpyr paAa. Y cjiyiajy npHsnaaa, TaAa 
6h ce Mopa^o caMHM ApaaBHHM cyAHJaica ocTaBHTH, Aa 
npHMene saROHCKy Ra3Hy npeiia onTyatenHRy, rojh CBOjy RpH- 
BHuy npH3Haje. 

Hy Aa ce BpaTHMo na enrjiecRo npano. 



EHFJECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA M CPHCKA HOPOTA 129 

y OBasoM Ha^ejiy enrjiecBor nocxynRa neia HHKaEBe 
onacHocTH sa oniyaeHHRe, jep y EflrjiecKoj, hh y npexxoA- 
Hoj BcrpasH, HH Ha r.iaBHOM nperpecy, neMa hh HajMaH»er 
xpara o BaBBHi hhrbhshtopckhm Tesftaia. Ha npoTHB cy- 
AHJa, npe Hero mio 6h npnuo Rao A0Ra3 onTyseHHROBo 
npH8Ha&e, Aaje My Aoera npHjiiRe a& ^^ Tprne Earpar. Ila 
aRo 6e onxyseHHR h npeRO cnera xora ocrao npH CBoie npn- 
3HaH>y, — OHAa ne 6h 6hjio HHRaRBHX pasJiora Aa> ce noeyM^a 
y HCTHHHTOCT TOia npH8HaH>a. A HCTo laRO Ta^a 6h 6eao ca 
CBHM cyBHomo Aa>BaTH jom h nopoxHHiiHMa, m pemaBajy, a^ •^h 
je ouTyseHHR, ho cbojoJ caBecTH h cao6oahoj bo^lh, 
nyTHo can ce^e orjiacHo sa Rpnsa. Y xaRBOM Cjiyqajy cavo 
RaA 6h ce paAHJio no ochobh HHRBHSixopeRe CHCxeMe lorjia 6h 
H Mopajia 6h a& ce HSBHl^a cxBap h Aft^e, jep 6e ce xaA cano 
XHH nyxeM Morjio npnCaBHXH ynepese o saROHHxocxH 
cpoACxaBa, ROJHMa ce aohmo ao onxyjseHHROBor npHSHa&a. 
H xo 6h ce no xoj cHcxeMH, jom h Mopa^o paAHxa, jep ce 
3Ha, Aft OHa Aonymxa ynoxpe6y pasHHX cpeACxana crmo a^ 
6e ce onxy»eHHR Haneo, a^ npHsna cBojy RpHBHiiy. 

TaRO je Ha npWHRy y ^pannycRoi RasHeHOii nocxynRy, Y 
H>eHy npeoBJial^yje hhrbh3hxopcrh ej&eMenax HcnHXHBafta xo- 
JHRO, AA ce c xora nopoxHHiiHMa ne 0Ay3HMa npaBo, a& pema- 
Bajy H Ba^HocxH hjih neBaa^HOCXH npHsnafta ucRaBanor ne 
caio y npexxoAHOj Hcxpa3H, Beii h na canon iJiaBHOM npexpecy. 
A xHMe ce y ocxa;ioM He aoboah hh y RaRBy onacnocx no-ioaaj 
onxysoHHROB, jep OA-AyRa nopoxcRa ne Mose 3a H>era a^ 6yAe 
ropa Hero nixo Mose a^ ^JA^ oho H>eroBO npHBHaiBe. 

Meljy XHH ce (Jam c xora ona ycxanoBa enrjiecRor Ra- 
3HeH0T nocxynRa, no Rojoj onxysenHR Hoaie can ce6e a^ 
or^acH 3a RpHBa na npexpecy, na OHAa nopoxHHitH a^ ne pe- 
maBajy o xomo, — ne noAyA^pa ca CHCxenoM HHRBH3HxopcRor 
npoAeca; aor na npoxHB ona noxnyno xapMonnme c h^aee 
eur^ecRHH qncxo onxya^HHM Ra3HeHHH nocxynROM. 

TwIACHHK LXIX. 9 



130 EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

Hy nopeA Tora, o ^eiy ao caAa roBopncio, or^eAa ce 
KOA EflMeaa Aoc^eAHa npHMeHa onxyaHe CHCxeMe Ha MaBHOM 
npexpecy jom h y lOMe, ioto ce no enrAecKOM KaaHenoM no- 
crynKy AOKasHBa&e noBepaBa napiajaiia, sao mxo cho 
Beb nanoMeHyjiH. Ilapxaje npHMajy ea ceOe onacHocxH npo- 
^eca; 3a xo ce one h xpyAe 6ojbe nero hko, a* nstfepy cpeA- 
cxBa sa HanaA hah OA^pany. A xo noBepaBaH>6 AOsasHBa&a 
caMHM napxajaiia y jeAHO qyna noAoaaj npeAceAHHKa, jep ce 
OH Ha xaj Ha^HH nosie noxnyno as, OApsH na bhchhh CBOJe 
nenpHcxpacHocxH, 

ToBopeliH xoj npHMeHH oiixy»He cHcxeie y npexxoA- 
Hoj HcxpasH, Ha peAy je a* CMa nporoBopHMO o xoie hcxom 
H Ha npexpecy. To ieio Haj6oA»e ypaAHXH, aKO noKaateio 
xoK paAH»e Ha rAaBHOHo npexpecy y lAaBHHH noxesHMa. 

To 6HBa OBaKo: 

Hajnpe ce npoqnxa xys((a, na aso 6h onxya^eHHK Ea- 
sao, Aft He npusnaje RpHBHAy, a xo sna^H a& xpasH ao- 
Kaae o xoMe, — OHAa OAMax ysHEa peq aABOKax xyaio^eB, h 
xaAa y Kpaxso HCKasyje r^aBHe ocHOBe xy»((e, Kao n Haran, 
saKo HHCAH cBOJy xy2K((y A^ AORase. 3a xhm hcxh hshoch 
CBoje AORase, a napo^nxo no3HBa CBOJe CBeAORe, CBaRor no- 
jeAHHi^e, H HCOHxyje hx nocetfni^e. Mel^y CBeAOitHna na np- 
BOM Mecxy cacAymana ce npHBaxHH xysHAaA, jep no 
enrAecROM RasHenoH npany oBaj ho ry6H RapaRxep cneAORa, 
Rao mxo CMo h HanpeA cnoMenyAH. IIo cacAyma&y npHBax- 
Hor xyatHOAa, aeroB aABORax npncxyna Hcnnxy ocxaAHX CBe- 
AORa OHHM peAOM, RaRO OH HaAa3H Aft My je naj^oj^e. EaA 
H xo CBpmH, OHAa xaj aABORax ncnnxyje BemxaRe, aRo 6h 
H H»Hx dHAo; noAHocH HHCMene Hcnpane h CBe ocxaAe ao- 
Rase, RoJHHa mhcah a^ j^eAZ nopoxHHRe o hcxhhhxocxh CBOje 
xy»(Je. To je, y rAaBHOE, paA xyatHO^eB na npexpecy. 

Me^y XHM no cacAymaay CBaRor nojeAHHor cneAORa cao- 
60AHO je 6paHHoiiy onxyatenHROBOM a* HcnHxanoE CBeAORy 



EHr^ECKA, <I>PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 131 

nocTaBH HHTaiBa, Eoja 6h HajiasHo 3a noxpe^no. A to hcto 
npaBO HMajy nnopoTHHitH h cy^HJa npeAceAaBajiaii, y ko- 
JiHRo tfn Ha;ia3HJiH a^^ hh je noTpetino iieKO o6jamH>eH>6 sa 
ftHXOBO yBepeae. Ta nHTaaa, Koja 6paHHJiait oniyseEHKOB 
no;ia»e cBeAOijHMa TyaHo^eBHM, aoBy ce ^ynaKpcna.** 

no CBpmeTKy thx oC^b^hex h yeaEpcHRx cac^iymafta, 
AOiiasH peA Ha oniyateHHKOBor (JpaHROAa Aa npHCTynn pas- 
Bojy OA((paHe. Oh nosHBa CBeAORe, Bojn cajslb aa 0A(ipaHy; 
HCQHTyje Hx noce^Hite h to ohhm poAOM, rojh oh Hajia3H sao 
HajnoAecHHJH aa OA^pany. A no mxo 6h oh to CBpmHo, OHAa 
B aABOEaT TyatHO^eB HMa npaBO, Aa CBeAOKe onTyateHHKOBe 
nOABprne TaKO^ep ynaKpcHUM nnTaftHira, Rao niTO to hcto 
Mory paAHTH h nopoTHHiiH h cyAHJa ^peAceAaBa;la^. 

Eao nrro ce bhah hs OBora, no enr^ecROH Ra3HeH0H no- 
«TynRy, AORasHBafte h oA^pana caBprneno cy y pyRaMa sa- 
exynHHRa jeAne h apf^ CTpane, h caio aRo jeAHa h;ih Apyra 
crpana (Tysn^ai^ hjih onTya^eHHR) ne 6h HMa^ia sacTynnHRa, 
y3HMao 6h npeAceAanajiai^ cyAHJa Ty Ay«H0CT HcnHTH- 
BaH>a Ha ce66. 

Iloc^ie i^ejior top A0Ra3HBaH»a oa CTpane TyatHo^OBe h 
OHTyseHHROBe (npeRo h>hxobhx 3acTynHHRa), 6paHHMit on- 
TyjReHHROB HHa npaBO Aa roBopn OA(ipaHy CBora RJiHJeHTa, 
orpaHHqaBajylH ce y ftoj na pa3;iaraH>e: Aa H3HeceHHA0- 
RasH HHcy AOBOjbHH, Te Aa 6h ce onTy»eHHR mo- 
rao or^acHTH 3a RpHBa. A sacTynnnR TysHo^en Bp;Lo 
peTRo roBopH RaRBy (JeceAy. Hy ano 6h oh to h paAHo, CBa- 
BaRO 6paHH0iiy onya^eHHROBOM npHnaia nocjieAH>a peq TaRO 
Aa nooae H>eroBor roBopa TysHjiai^ Bsme HeMa pe?. 

Ha RaA ce cBe to CBpniH, oHAa npeAceAHHR nopoTHor 
eyAa or^iamyje, Aa je BSBH^aite cBpiueno; Aaje nopoTHn- 
i^Hia noyRy nojaBAeHHM npaBHHM nBTaH>HMa; noHaBJ!ba hm 
y RpaTRo HCRase CBeAORa h ocTaJie A0Ka3e, ^esiy je paAH 



132 EHr-IECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 

(JoAer nailetta boaho KpaiKy 6e4eraKy, h ohae nosHBa no- 
poTHiKe Aft npHCTyne HspHiiafty cBoje OA^yKe. 

Mh cmo oBAe y RpaTRo caxo HanoneHy^H xy sa- 
Ka»y^Hy paAfty upeAceAHHKa nopoxHor cvAa tok kojihko je 
TO aaxieBajia nornyHOCx npeAiexa, o komo obao roBopHio* 
Me^y XHE AOiiHMJe leMo, y aace^noM OAe^Ky, roBopHXH on- 
mHpHHJe TOM npeAceAHHEOBOM paAy na npexpecy. 

A 3a caAa asl ce jom Ma;io saycxaBHMO na ohoh npaBy 
aABOKaxa, Aa cane Hcnnxyjy CBeAOKe h Hsnoce ocxa^e AORase. 

Ta yoxanoBa ncnHXHBafta CBeAORa Kao h npeA^ara^a 
ynaspcHOx nHTaH>a oa cxpane aABonaxa, caAp^H y ce6H spjio 
Be^HKy rapanxHJy, Aa te H3BH^H>e na npexpecy 6hxh nox- 
nyno. IIpHpoAHO je Aa hh jeAan aABOKax nete nponycTHxn, 
Aa HcnHxa oho, mxo HAe y npn^or H»eroBOM KiiBJeHxy. Hy 
paayMe ce, Aa ce 3a BpmeH.e xe HcnaxEHwe Aya^HOCXH Mopa 
npexnocxaBBXH BemxHHa h 3HaH>e aABosaxa. Mel^y xhm h aso 
je xo neonxoAHO noxpetfna npexnocxaBKa, 6e3 Koje 
6h 6b ao roTOBo cyBBniHo oho npaso, Koje HEajy aABOKaxH no 
enr^ecKOM KasHenoM nocxynKy, — mh xHMe onex neteMO Aa 
pe^eMO, Aa He 6h xpe6aJio xy np^io npaKXB^Hy, KopHcny h 
npaBOAHy oco(5HHy enrJiecKor nocxynKa Aa ycBoje h APyra 3a- 
KOHOAaBcxBa cBe Aa y aoxm^hoj AP»aBH h ne (5h (Jhjio Aocxa 
cnpeMHHX aABOKaxa 3a xo. H enrjiecRH aABORaxH nflcy ce, 
xaRO Aa ce B3pa8nMo, poAHJiH c xom BemxHHOM h cnpeioM o 
HcnHXHBaH>y b yHaRpcHOM cacJiyniaH>y CBOAORa, Beh h ohm ao 
xora AOJiase caMO npaKXBKOM ; na pasyMO ce, Aa 6h h y Apy- 
tbm AP^^BaMa aABORaxH npaRXHROM ce6H upB^aBH.iH xy 
Hcxy noAO^HOcx. Hy onex roBopetn o xom ynaKpcHOM cacJiy- 
mafty (cross-examinations), ho cmomo saxaJHXH, Aa aABOKaxH 
y EnryiecRoj no HeRaA CBOj na^HH OA^pane b AORasBBa^a h y 
TOMe noRasyjy, mxo ce xpyAO Aa npoxHBBHTOe CBOAOKe an- 
AHCRpexHHM, ABOCMHCieHHM H XBaxa.iBqRHM nHxaH>HMa 3a6yHe 
EAE Aa AOBOAy y cyMH>y H>BXOBy AocxaBepBocx. Ajih npH cseM 



F.Hr-lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCKA llOPOTA 133 

TOM eHFJiecBH CBeAOUH He Aajy ce hh raie 36yHHTH. Ohh 3Hajy, 
AOE^e napxaja h4h H>eH aABOKaT HMa npaso HcnHTHBaH>a, 
na ^Hi 6h BHAeiiH, a& <^h ce upemjia Ta rpanHita, OAiax Heke 
Aa OAroBapajy na xaKBa nenyxHa nHxaiBa. A ceM xora y cjiy- 
^ajy noxpetie, sa CBeAORa ce xaAa saysHia aABORax H>eroBe 
^paHEe ; na ^ecxo xo paAH h caM cyAHJa, no dBannqnoj Ays- 
HOCTH, 8a6paH>yjybH xaBBa nnxaiba. Mn ee noxnyno cjiaseio 
< XHH noc4eAtt»HM npabAeH. /I^ysnocx CBeAO^eH>a, xo je Bp;LO 
Basna ^HH>eHHAa y rpal^aHCRon a^HBOxy; sa xo cyAHJa h ne 
45110 AonycxBXfl, a^ ce itoj npaBe HenpHAH^ne xero6e neocno- 
BaHHM aannxEflfiaftHMa, a jom Mau>e Aft ce xo 3Jioynoxpe6jbyje 
y HHxepecy napxaja. 3a xo h nacy Aonymxena cyrecxHBna 
{XBaxaAH^Ka) nnxa&a npn xasBOM cacAyma^y CBOAOKa. Hy 
onex je xo Aonymxeno y neEOAHKo, y eoaheo ke xo nocjiyatBxn 
sa noysAannJe casHa&e o hcxhhbxocxh cBeAoaa6a. Me^y xhx 
aEo 6e HOEa cxpana h xy xxe^a a^ npoEopa^n Aonymxene 
^paHB^e, cyABJa je b xy, no SBaHB^noj Ayanocxn, Aysan a* 
^ase na nyx xasBOM paAy. Ha xaj na^BB enrjiecEo npaBO 
no((pBHyjio ce Aocxa b asl ce cxBap xa^no bsbbab, hjib y bcxo 
fipeie B A& ce cxaBO na nyx sjioynoxpe^ana, Eoje 6a Morjie a^ 
BacxaHy oxyAa, mro napxaje cane BcnBxyjy CBCAOEe. Ila Ma 
Aa 6b ce b yaejio, a* to rapanxnje enrjiecEor EasBOHor uo- 
CTynEa ho 6b 6BAe Aocxa, — onex je Bpjio noJMJtHBO a* 
no ^pasAycEox 3aE0Hy, eojh iiejio BcnBXBBafte Ba npexpecy 
npoAaje y pyEe npoAceAHHEy nopoxnor cyAa h y hoeoabeo 
B oaBBOM ApataBHOM xy»BOAy, — Mopa 6bxb Bame 3Aoyno- 
xpe6e EaEO y xom npaniiy, xaEO b y ApyrBM npaBuuMa, a 
Bapo^Bxo OABOCHO BcnBXHBaH>a caMor onxyzesBEa. 

EoMe je no3Haxo, EaEan yxBi^aj flHajy osa B3Biil9aH>a b 
yflaspcBa BcnnxBBafta eoa esrAecEBX cyAOBa, xomo neiie 6flXB 
xemEo Aa oitesB: eojibeo je norpemna ^pani^ycRa saKoncEa 
0ApeA6a, Eoja je b y xoMe cyupoxna eHrjiecKoj. 



134 EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA. II CPHCKA HOPOTA 

Ona npoMCHa HenHTHHX oco6a ; oHa soHxpo^a, Bojy a^J^ 
Ha^HH ynaspcHor HcnHTHBa&a CBOAOKa; oho HcnHTHBaibe cae- 
AOBa OA crpaee aABOsaxa one napiaje, soja ce no3Bajia na 
Tor CBeAOsa; eajnocjie HcniTHBafte Boje h can onTyHeHHS 
HMa npaBo a& BpniH, — cbb cy jacHH, »hbh h o^nrjieAHfl 
SHaiiH, A& J6 KOA Eer^iesa npexpec y BpnBnHHH onTya^e- 
BBHa npaBa yciesa AP&Ma, Boja ce npHpoAHO no^HH>6, paa- 
BBJa H CBpmyje na o^Bva cyAflje, napiaje h nytfABKe. Ila 
c TaBBHM oco6HHaHa eflr^ecKor Basseflor nocrynBa npHpoABO 
je H A& ce pal^ajy oae npaBTH^He BemiEHe eer^iecBBX aacryn- 
BHBa H 6paflH^aAa, BOJe cy y APyrHK AP^K&BaMa pexBe. TaBo 
Ba npHJiBBy, y OpaBuycBOJ TemBo je a^ nocraBy Te Bp^BBe 
BOA OpaflB^iai^a b ap^&bbbx Ty^sBJiaua, jep obb aa npeipecy 
BMajy cnopoABy yjiory, a Bapo^Bxo 6paflBjai^ y tom cavoi 
BcnBTflBaH>y CBeAOBa. To je yspoB, to y OpaaitycBoj 6paBBoiiB 
BpatferaBajy ApyroM cpeACTBy A0Ba3BBaB>a, a to cy Ayi*^ 
CeceAe, Boje ce ^ecio B3onaqaBajy y cyBBmBO noBaB^aB»e 
B npasBo aoeBTBca&e. Mel^y tbm obo caMO no ce6B oxnaAa^ 
RBA ce caMBH napxajaMa noBepB pyB0Bo^eH>e y BcnBTBBa&y 
AOBasa. Oae oBAa sBajy a* Baj6oAe b BajuoysAaBBJe Mory 
CBOJy CTBap sacxynBTB caiOM cbojom BemxBBOH BcnBXBBaB>a; 
sa xo Ba xo no^iaaiy rjiaBBy naai&y, a BstferaBajy Ayra^K^ 
6eceAe b OAxoBope sao cyBBBiBe b aenpaBXE^Be. H; 6afli aBo 
6vL ce OBB y xo B ynycxBjiB, caaBaBO npeAceAflaa o6fl^ao cae 
xo cystfaja y rpaaaue caojoM apaxEOM apeACxaaaoM cxaB»a 
cxaapa (resum^) npB apajy caMor upexpeca. 

PeayAxax caera AOcaAaa)er roaopa o oaoMe, Mose ce y 
BpaxBO caecxB aa oao: a earAecBa npexxoAaa acxpara^ 
a Bcxo xaBO a rjiaaaa npexpec y EarjiecBoj BMajy sa 
caojy ocaoBBiiy noxnyao, qacxo b AOCJieABo asaol^eBe on- 
xyataor npBBiiana(*). A aa apoxaaa y OpaaitycBoj, y 



(') 3a CBe BHAM : Biener, kh.. II. cxp. 114—146. Muhry kh>» 
II. cxp. 594 — 600. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 135 

Ro;iKso BHme h caMa npexxoAHa Hcrpara no^HBa na hhrbh- 
SHTopcBOM npHHAHny, y tojihbo ce ja^e to onasa h Ha ca- 
xoM r^aBHOM npexpecy. To Lomo jiaso AOsasaTH, aKo a&ho 
(viHKy H «pafiAycRor rjiasnor npeTpnca y RasH>HBHM ontya^e* 
H>HHa. To beMO caAa ypaAHTH, 

y OpaHitycROJ. 

HocTynaR na nopoTHim npexpecHMa y $paHnycRoj je y 
rjiasHox OBaRaB: 

"^MM ce oTnoqne jaBHH npeipee o oniyateay RaRBOE, 
oaMax npeACGAHHR nHxa onTyateHHRa o aeroBoj jih^hocth, to 
jecT H>eroBOH Hieny h npe3HM6Hy; H»eroBHx roAHHaMa; sa- 
HHxafty; H>eroBox HecTy ($opaBJi>eiba h hbct} pol^ei&a. 

no nrro to CBpmH, npeACGAHHR onoMH&e onTymoHHRo- 
Bor 6paHH0Aay a^ y OA^pany ne h3hoch HHmTa mxo 6h 6jilao 
npoTHBHO H>eroBoj caBecTH me saROHHua, h a^ ce HspaaiaBa 
npHCTOJHo H yMepeno. OsAe teMO HanoMenyTH, Aa to ca cbhm 
OAFOBapa onoMenaMa, Roje cy ce npaRTHROBajie h y cTapHX 
HeHaqRHM RasHeHHH npoi^ecHMa. To je, y ocTa;ioii, Bpjio 
noJMjkHBO ca rjieAHBiTa HHRBHSHTopcRe cflCTeMe HcnHTHBa&y 
onxyseHHRa, jep 6h HHaqe, 6e8 Te npoTXOAHe HanoMene, ho- 
r^o 6hth 3e((H»e, a& ^6 6paHH;iau noRymaTH Aa HSH^e h3 
CRy^eHor npasa OA^pane 3a aeroBor R^iHJeHTa, npoTHBHO 
Tes&n HHRBHSHTopcRor npHHiiHoa y RasHeHOM nocTynRy. 

Hy Aa npoAyaKHMo roBop o AaJten TORy paAa na npe- 
xpecy, y ROMERO HHa Be3e c nHTa&eH, o ROHe oBAe roBopHHo. 

nocjie one npeAceAHBROBe HanoieHe nopoTHHi^H uoab.srj 
saRJieTBBy. A no CBpnieTRy h Tora, npeAceAHHR caBOxyje 
onTyseHHRa Aa Ao6po nasn na CBe, mTO iie ce sa thm Bp- 
niHTH na jaBHOM npeTpecy, To je, y ocTaAOM, cyBHrano. Jep 
RaA onTyseHHR sna pemeH>e, rojbm je CTaBj^en y onxyaLHO 
CTaae, a TaRO hcto b Tya(5y, — oHAa My ne Mo»e 6hth 
HenosHaTa he os^HibHocx no;ioa^aja, y roje je Aomao, le 



136 E'lr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPOCKA IIOPOTA 

c Tora, pasyMe ce, a& i^e n can 6hth nasji>EB, saKO 6h My 
OAdpaea Mooa ($hth noysAaHflja. 

EaA ce h to cBpniH oHAa a^^aobo^ cyACBH ^Hxa rjiacHO 
{k haute Toix) Tya6y, To wiafte Ty»6e Hia cBoja ABa 
tMepa : onniTH b aace^HH. IIpBi je y tomg : a* <5h ce nopox- 
HHi^H cyAHJe H cAymaoi^H nosHajiH ca cxa&eK CTBapi. A Apyrn 
je onex y oBOMe: rnxo ce xHEe AP^aBBOM Ty»HOiiy A^j^ 
npHJiHKa AA npeAMexoM ycMenor nsBHl^eHia sa npe- 
xpecy yqHBH cBe y uHCMenoj npexxoAHoj ncxpasH npn- 
6:iBJbeHe AOKase, kojh ce He Hsnoce npeA nopoxHHKe Hapo- 
^Hxo. Oh xo paAH Ha xaj naqBH, nixo h xo yBpratyje y 
xy»6y ; mxo h xo yuoxpefiAyje y cbojhm npeA^osHMa ; h raxo 
onxyaieHHKa h npexa CBeny xoMe HcnHxyje. To paAH Hapo- 
^Hxo Ha npHJiHRy aKO 6b OBaj na npexpecy OApHi^ao, a me^y 
XHM (Jh y npexxoAHOJ HcxpasH npHsnaBao CBojy KpHBHAy. 
Cfie xo Bpjio je BaatHo naporaio c xora raxo je nopoxHH- 
i^HMa Aonymxeno Aa CBOje yBepeae o kphbhiih onxyaenHKO- 
Boj Bspexy H Ha ocHOBy npHSHai&a, Ban cyAa. 

y xyat^H ce B8^aaKe, raxa cy cbcaoiib roBopHAH y opex- 
xoAHoj HcxpasH; sa xo qaxaite xya6e cjiyatH y hcxo Bpeme 
H isao HanoMena cBeAOi^EMa, a a He OACxynajy oa cbojhx hc- 
Kaaa, Aa hx ne Meaajy hjih ne Aonyayjy. 

Hy xa onniDpHa xyat(5a ko;ihko c jeAne cxpane npHHOCH 
noxnynocxM B3BHl)aja, xojihko je, c Apyre cxpaBe, h mxexHa 
sa cxBapM. HMajykH one aace^ne CMepoBe, xyattfe cy y $paH- 
itycKoj ^ecxo onraapHe y xoahkoj MppH, Aa nopoxHHiiH, cyAHJe, 
CBeAOitH H cjiyraaoAB qecxo jeABa ^esajy, KaA te ce jeAHOM 
CBpraHXH xa npocxpana xya(Ja, a oxnoqexH ycMeno HJaBBo 

B3BHl)aH>e. 

TaKBa cyA(5a c xyatCana npn opani^ycKBM npexpecHMa 
xpe6a Aa je MoLna noysa OHHMa saKOHOAaBCXBHHa, Koja 6h 
ce Morjia HanecxH Aa y xoMe noxnyHo noApaaanajy ©pan- 
nycKOM nocxynKy npn nopoxHHM cyl^eftHMa. 



EHFjIECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA U CPIICKA HOPaTA 1^7 

Mh to caHO ysrpeA HanoMHtt»6Ho ; a ca^ A^^ nol^eMo fl,ajbe 
3a TOKOM npexpeca iipoA ^paHi^ycKHH nopoiaiia, y koahso 
€6 THie npH]i6H>aBaH>a ouTya^ne cbct6M6. 

Ho npo^HTaay Ty«6e, npeAceAHHK ce no HOBa o6pata 
onTyseHBRy, HanoMHH>e My, mia npoTHB H>era oaAp^H Tya^6a; 
H roBopH My OBe pew: „To je, aa mia ce bh onxyayjeTe, 
a caA bexe qyie Aosaae h ocHOBe, roju cy npoiHB Bac hs- 
HeceHH, na OAroBopHTe mxa Miaxe na cse to/ 

Te HanoMBHe BHme E3r;LeAajy Rao Aa 6h ce i&HMa xxe;ia 
Aa o6paxH Belia naa^fta nopoxHEi^HMa, jep sa caMor onTyaie- 
HHRa cyBHHiHe cy Te ABory6e HanoKeee o OHOMe, mTO oh, d 
6e3 Tora, Beb OAaBHo sea bs npeTXOAHe HCTpare Rao h us 
pemeH>a o CTaBJi»att»y uoa cyA h Tya^6e. 

Hy join o^HTHJy HanoMeny ynpaBAeay na caMe nopoT- 
HHRe BpmH, OAMax aa obbm, caM AP^aBHn TyaiH^iait. Oaaj ce 
o6paba nopoTHHi^oMa ; pasjiame npeAMeT Tya;6e; h ^uhh hx 
nasjbHBHM niTa je rjiaano KaA ce ysHMa cTBap c r^eAnniTa cy- 
^eH>a, H npeMa tomb hm ncRasyje, na niTa Mopajy napowTO 
Aa nase. A Aa 6e My ycnex roa nopoTHHRa 6no mw noys- 
AaHHJH, TO ApaaBHH* TyatHjiai^ y hcto apeMe npenopy^yje 
H>HXOBoj samTMTH HHTepec Apymxaa h aaRona, onHcyjykH npn 
TOM OHTyseHHRa qecTo najiipftOM ((ojom. 

IIoA TdRBHM yxBuajeM nowfte ce npeA nopoTHMiiHMa 
pasBHJaTH A0Ra3flBaH>e Tys6e. 

3a THM ApaaBHH Ty^HJiaij npeAaje npeAceAHHRy nopoT- 
Hor cyAa cnncaR cneAORa, rojh ce HMajy cacjiymaTH no 3a- 
XTOBy h;ih H>eroBOM, hjih npHaaTHor TysHoi^a hjih onxyaie- 
HHROBOM. MMesa Tnx caeAOEa rjiacHO ^Hxa onex Ae^oaol^a 

CyACRH. 

Ila RaA ce h to capniH, oHAa npeAceAHHR nopoTHor 
cyAa yaHMa y caoje pyRe HcnHTHBaae i^e^e CTaapH h AORaaa. 
Ilpe caera oh Hapet^yje, Aa caeAOAH H3Hl)y d3 ceAHHi^e, na 
OBAa HX jeAHor no jeAHor nyniTa y ceAHHiiy ynyTpa h ca- 



138 EHr^lECKA, 4»rAHUyCKA II CPnCKA nOPOTA 

c^iymasa hx. Ap®^^^ ^ onTjsHe chct6M6 Hajnpe ce cac^y- 
masajy ohh CBeAOi^Hy rojh Tepexe onxya^eEHKa, na OHAa 
OHH, BOJH ra 6 pane. Bap xaBO neme y ^^paHi^ycROi Ka3- 
HenoM nocrynKy. Hy y CTBapn qecio 6HBa npoxHBHo; jep 
ce H3BHl^aH>e o6eieo OTno^Hse oninHpHnH caaiymafteH on- 
xyseEHBa cnpaM Tym6e h^h HHaqe npH6aBjb6HHX ocnoBa no- 
Aaspe&a. Ha xaj HaqHH oAxax ce npeAysBMa oopHa^no sa- 
ce6H0 cacJiymaH>e onxyseHHsa. H aKO 6h ((hjio BHine h>hx, 
OHAa 6h ce CBasH nojeAHHiie xbko HcnHXHBao, na ano ce ohh 
He 6h cJiarajiH y cbojhh OAroBopHxa, OHAa 6h ce mxa Bnme 
OAiax npHcxynajio h cyo^eH>y HSMel^y h>ex. IIoBpx xora, 
»paHitycKH BasHeflH nocxynaE, HHje xxeo a^* orpaEH^H npeA- 
ceAEBKa A& ce Mopa ap^k^th 6am EasEaqeEor peAa y hchh- 
xHBa&y, Bek je nponHcao, a& npeAceAEEB „oa onxysenHRa 
H02Ke xpasHXH y CBaKO Aotfa*" o6.jamH>6H>a, soja cxaxpa 
sac noxpe((Ha sa npoEdJiasiiK HCXHEe, a xo SEaqn, a& oh 
H3BH^aH>e na npexpecy HO»e h a^ oxnoqne HcnHXHBaH»eK 
onxyseHHRa. 

Hete 6axH cyBHraHO Aa obac, Ma h ysrpeA EanoMeHeMO, 
saEO Hia saBOHOAaBCxaBa, soja 6aoi HspeEOM OApe^yjy, a& 
ce Ha npexpecy najnpe HcnHxyje onxyseEBK, na oBAa cne- 
Aoi^B. TaBo je BHpxeM6epniBH nopoxEE seboe o xoMe 
OApe^HBao: ^HpeAceAEHB Le c onxyateEHRoi npelH r;iaBBy 
caApsEEy npo^Bxafle xya^tfe, a qHEExn ra Eapo^exo na^BJ^H- 
BHM na pasJiHBe, aBo 6h 6h;io, nsHe^y onxysKenHBOBor hc- 
sasa Ea npexpecy h y npexxoAEOj acxpasE." 

Hy xaBBa OApeA(Sa saBoaa Be Moa^e ae ce 6paEH ca 
cxpaEe npaBAe. Ma bo^hbo a^ B3oeAa EeBSE obej Hspaa 
^npehn'* cxBap c onxyseEEBOM, onex ce Mopa npHsnaxE a^ 
y xoHe ;ie2BB neJiEBa B^Hi^a hebbhbhxopcbom EaqnEy Hcnn- 
xHBa&a. EaA npeAceAEHB onxysennBa ytiel^yje Raso ce H>e- 
roBH HCBasH fla npexpecy Be cjiasy c H>eroBHH paEHJHi 
HCBa3HMa, npHpoAEo je, a^ ce oeae xpyAE a^ ra cBOJox Be- 



EHr^lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 139 

mTHHOH A0B6Ae AO npH3HaH>a RpnBHite hjih a^ HHa^e ciBopn 
BOA cjAHje ynepefte o aeroBOJ kphbhiih ; a to je, Kao ioto 
C6 3Ha, BpaJH»n ciiep HHRBHeHTopcsor HcnHTHBasa. 

TanaB npaBau ^panaycRor sasHeHor nocTynsa jom BHme 
ce orjiOAa y tomo, mio npeAceAHHK nopoxHor cyAa nocAe 
CBaKor CBeAOsa, bojh 6h lepoTHo onryseHHRa, OAMax npoHa 
TOMe HCHHTyje oniyseHHRa. HaJBHme naR to ce o^HTyje y 
OHOM npeAceAH^OBOM npaBy a& to moiib Aa paAn 3a Bpeie 
UfiAOT B3BH^aB»a Ha npeTpecy, RaA foa 6e to Hamao sa no- 
TpetfHO. 

^a, npeMa tomo, ^panqycRH npeACCAHHR nopoxHor cyAa 
nose A& <(yAe npaBH HerAamH>([ Heiia^RH herbhshtop — 
TO je Bp^o ^aRo noJMBTH. Pa3JiHRa je HSMe^y b»hx caMO y 
Tone, niTO OHaj paAH jaBHO, aor OBaj Apyrn na npoTAB to 
paAH xaJHo, 

Hy A^ ce BpaxHMo oneT na Aeubu tor HSBfl^a&a na 
•paHitycROM npoTpecy. 

EaA npoAceAHHR Beb npe^e na cacAymase onnx CBOAORa 
ROJH TopoTe OHTyaeHHRa, — oha^ oh CBOAORa, noMe CBaRor 
HCRasa (apr^s chaque deposition) HHTa, Aa mil npH cbojhh 
HCRa3H]ia noApasyMOBa ((am npecyTHor ouTyseHBRa, a oneT 
ooTyseHHRa no3HBa Aa Raaie: a^ -ah oh xohe Aa oato- 
BopH Ha oho, hito cboaor H>eHy hshoch. Ha Taj na^HH 
OHTyseHHR HCTBHa He M p a Aa OAronapa, Beii My ce, Bejie, 
caHO Aaje npn^iHRa, Aa ce OAMax npaBAa b ((paHB npeMa 
HOJeABHBM ocHOBBMa noAa3peH>a. Hy y caMoj CTBapn to hbjo 

HBHITa APyFO Beii BHRBB3flT0pCR0 BCHBTBBaBe nOJOABHO- 
CTBMa, CJIH^HO HeMa^ROM HHRBH3BT0pCR0M BCHBTBBafty, ROJO 

je cMaTpajio Rao BcnsTa^Ry BomTBHy, Aa ce onTysoHBR no- 
CTeneHBM HSHomefteM ocHOBa noAaspefta y6e^yje y RpsBBitB, 
TO TBM nyTOM HjIh aoboao AOT^e Aa npBsna cBojy RpBBHiiy, 
BJiB Aa My ce b3 ynopnor OApni^aiba CTBope hobb ochobb 
npoTHB H»era. liyTafte onTyaeHBROBO ; aeroBa satfyna; H»e- 



140 EHr^ECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA II CPnCKA nOPOTA 

roBa 6jieAoiia am apseHHJio ; B>6roBo oK^eBaBe h saTeaaibe 
y OAroBopHHa; ua RpaxRo CBe iberoBO noHaiDaibe; amlh i 
npoTHBpe^HOCTH, Koje ra aoboa^ y satfyny, — CBe to ^ecxo 
Mose y o^Hia nopoTHHsa abl tfy^e HaJBasHHJe cpeACXBO yB6- 
peaa, upeMAa je CBe to no KaA — KaA h AOcaAHO Myma- 
oaHMa, a y hcto Bpeiie h na uopoTHHKe HOse a^ npoHSBOAe 
H npoTHBRH yTHitaj. Jep qecTO npeAceAHHK nopoTHor cva* 
fl AP»aBHH TyKHjiaii, tojihko npeTepyjy y tom HcnHTHBaiby 
Aa 06 oho HSMehe y Taso HasBany ^tortura spiritualis (Ay- 
xoBHa TopTypa) ; 3a to cy ^ecTO tbmc HeaaAOBo^HH ii caiH 
nopoTHHUH. To nose A^ nocTane y tojihko npe, mxo roa 
^^paHuysa onTyseHBK romo npeACOAHHR hjih ap^^bbh Ty»H- 
ASiH npeA^amy TaRBa nsTafta, OAMax h no HCRasy CBaRor 
CBeAORa, — Heia npana sapaA CBoje OA^pane a^ cBeAOUHMa 
npoA^ase nenocpoAa nHTaH>a, neii Mopa a^ moah npeA- 
ceAHHRa Aa My to AonycTH, n tor oa OBora saBRCH^ xoke 
AHL Aa AonycTH TaRBo nHTaae. A to je yspoR, Te ce onTy- 
jKeHBUH poTRo cjiy^RO THM 6B0JHM npaBOM. Jep CJiysiTH ce 

RaRBHM nOCpOAHHROM Sa CnOpasyH C RaRBHM npHCyTHHH JlHItei, 
ROJe rOBOpH HCTHM jeSHROM K;IH aa ROHTpO^y HaA H>HM, — 

TO je, caMO HOB HaqHH cy36HJaH>a onTyxoHHROBor upaBa, 
ROJe OH TaAa HepaAO u ynoTpe((ji>yje. Obo ((HBa HapouTO 
c Tora, niTo aaROH OApe^yje, a* onTyaenHR npeACOAHHRy 
Hopa npeTXOAHo RaaaTH mTa xohe a& nHTa, to ab, 6i 
oBaj Morao oaohhti, asl ae Mose AonycTHTM hjih ne TaRBO 
nHTafte. To je y tojihro neiia nenpaBAa npena ouTysenHRy, 
mTO ^panqycRH RasnenH nocTynaR na npoTHB ap^&bhoh Ty- 
mnoiiy, cyAHJaia h nopoTHHiiHMa Aaje npano a^ CBOAORa eae 
onTyiieHHRa nenocpoAHO HHTajy o cneiiy, mro na^y Rao 
noTpe^HO. niTa nnme ohh npeACOAHHRa caiio MOJie sa pen, a 
He Mopajy My RasaTH, hh mTa ke Aa nHTajy. 

TaRBa npasna nejeAnaRocT napTaja xeniRo Aft Mose 3a 
CBOj pesyjiTaT HMaTH : casHa&e h uponajiasaR hcthho, h aRO 



EHr^lECKA, *PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA IIOPOTA 141 

•paHAycBH RasHeHH noeiynaR Ha npeipeey ^yxsp^efte hcthhi'' 
(manifestation de la y6rit^), Hiia sao CMep H3BH^H>a na 
Hperpecy. Ta HejeAHasocr na iipoTHs caio je o^hto eot- 
noMaraae HHxepeca jeAHe napTaje, na mTexy Apyre, xy- 
aHOAa Ha mxexy onxyseHHBOBy. 

A noBpx CBera xor AOJiaan jom h xo, a^ je h npeA- 
eeAHHBy Aonymxeno oa eBOAOsa h onxyseHHRa xpaacnxs CBaRO 
o6aBeniheH>e, Eoje 6h oh ciaxpao sao noxpe6HO sa oxspahe 
icxHHe. Oahocho CBOAOEa, MHJe je HcnHXHBaH>e h onaKO y H»e- 
roBHM pysaiia, xo ee no ce((H paayne. Oh Moaie, no noxpetfn, 
Hcxe CBeAOKe hohobo cacJiymaBaxH ; joAne c Apyreia cyo^a- 
BaxH H xaEO A^^e. Hy hcxo xaso H onxysenHR Ay^an je 
npoAceAHHsy A^saxH CBaEo o((aBeniheH>e, Eoje 6h onaj na^asso 
Kao floxpe6HO. H xa npeAceAHHiEa HHxa&a Apyra^HJa cy oa 
OHHX, mxo HX onxysoHHEy npoAJiase no cac;iymafi>y CBaKor 
CBeAOsa, na HMe: xoiie ;ih a^ OAroBopH na HCEas cBeAOsa. 
Jep na xa Apyra nHxa&a onxysenHE JBAy^^H Aa* oafo- 
BopH, aEo He mejiH aa ce6H hikoah HeoAroBapaH>eM, npeiiAa 
ce OH ne M0»e narnaxH a* na xo OAroBopH. Hy onex je 
y cxBapH rpAHa pasJiHKa HSMe^y xhx nnxafta. Taio npoA- 
ceAHHE onxyseHHEy no;iase nHxaH>a 36or o^aEmaH>a fterone 
OA<(p&He. A OBAO ce na npoxHB xo paAH 86or „ca3HaH>a 
Hexane*, ^hmc npOAceAHHR lecxo h oxno^HH>e caMymafte on- 
xy»eHHEa ^npe^iasetiH ca h»hm caAP«HHy xyattfe.** Hy Aa ce 
qecTO noA XHM Mory a^ npoB^ia^e h xBaxajna (RanxHBHa) 
nnxasa^ o xoho HMa Bp;io mhoto npHMepa y ^paniiiycROJ npas- 
THi^H. Me^y XHM y OpaHAycKoj ce hh najiafte ne sasepe oa 
xora. Jep ^paniiycBH RasneHH nocxynas ne caMO ab. xo ne 
3a6paH>yje, nek y xomo ocxaBAa npoAceAHHEy nopoxnor cyAa 
Aa paAH Ease Hajia3H 3a najtfoibe. 

Ha fi xo jom nnje CBe. 

G XOM SBaHHTOOM HHBBHSHXOpCROM paAH>OH npeACOAHH- 

BOBOM H fteroBor Bepnor caBC3HHEa AP^RaBHor xysHOAa, cxojn 



142 



EHFjIECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPIICKA nOPOTA 



y xecHoj sesH h teko HasBana ^nponsBOj^bHa sjiacT'' (pou- 
Yoir discr^tionaire) npeAceAHHROBa, no Eojoj oh, h memo 
napiaja, na nperpecy hosrq a2l npeAysie CBe nrro 6h oay- 
aRH^io aa ^npoHa^iasas HcxBHe'', na 6eao y RopHCT hjih na 
niTCTy oBTyseHHRa. Opaai^ycRH RasneHH BOcrynaR o tom opeA- 
C6ABHR0B01I npaBy roBopH OBaRo: ^Le pr(^sident est inyesti 
d'un pouvoir discr^tionaire, en vertu duquel il poura pren- 
dre siir lui tout ce qu'il croira utile pour d^eouvrir la ve- 
rity ; et la loi charge son honneur et sa conscience d'employer 
tous ses efforts pour en favoriser la manifestation.*' (IIpeA- 
ceAHHR je B^iacxan a^ npeAysMe CBe, idto 6h cMaipao Rao 
Rop^CHo sa nponaJiaR HCTHne; h saROH ocraBJta B»eroBoj 
^acTH H caBecTB, Aft te oh cbo cBoje CHjie ynoxpe^HTH Ha xo, 
Aa 6h C6 xo ojiaRBiajio). 

Eao mxo «e bhah xslkaq h y oBOHe je npeAceAHHRy 
Aaxo HeorpaHH^eHO npano, ocxaBibajyiiH H»eroBOJ caBecxH 
H ^acxH nenpHcxpacHO H3BpmeH>e xora. 

H aRo xo Ha xapxHJH HsrjieAa nyxHo h qone^HO, onex 
je y caMoj cxBapn xhhg ^pasi^ycRH npeACOAHHR nopoxHor cyAa 
cxaBiben noxnyno y no^oa^aj HOMa^RHx HcipaaiHirx cyA^'a, 
KOJHMa saROH Aaje BJiacx Aa „HcxHHy, h caMO HCXHHy^, hc- 
xpaacyjy CBHia noAecHHM cpeACXBHMa. Ha ocHOBy xe BJiacxH 
npeAceAHHR Mose Ha npexpec Aa nosoae hobo BemxaRe h 
cacJiymaxH hx ; nose Aa xpasH hobo MHmji>eH>e oa cxpy^ftana; 
Aa OApeAH ROMHCHjy sa npeweA lecxa c najioroM Aa o xoMe 
noAHece HSBemxaj : hjih najnocjie Aa can ca cyAHJaiia h no- 
poxHHAHMa oxHAe Ha A2ne lecxa, Aa 6h ohh caHH HSBpnra^H 
nper^ieA. A xo nocJieAfte tfHBa y xojihro ^emte, y rojihro 
6h 6jiiAB, HOBpmHHJa npexxoAHa Hcxpara o camoM oaRxnq- 
HOM yxBp^eay o oucxojafty RaxftHBor AeJia. Hapo^Hxo je 
npeAceAHHR BMCxan none CBeAORe na npexpec nosnaxH h 
cac^ymaxH hx, xo jecx h xaRBe, rojh ho 6e (jHiW ynncaHH 
y cuHcaR AORasa. Illxa BHHie oh je y xoMe xo^ihro Motan, 



EHF.IECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA U CPHCKA nOPOTA 



143 



4« eBe40S6 Mose HcnflTaTH He rJieAajy^H he to, ^a m cy 

on noAO<Su HJiH H6, TO jecT Aa JU ce Hory saueTH hjii 

He; 4a jH oHH Mory nocjiysHTH Rao Aosas, hjih caio Rao 

oiSiBenilefte (renseigement). A a^ j^ to orpani^eibe, nrro ti 

CB640111 ciyze caMO Rao ^otfjam&efte*, Bp^o caatfa rapan- 

Tija aa oDTyseHHRa, to je ^aRO uojhhth, RaA ce ana a^ ce 

oopoTHmima, ROJH cyAe caiio no yaepesy, ho Mory oapoahth 

HiusBa npaBHiia tomb: RaRBHM CBOAOKiiia rpetfa Aft Be- 

PJJJf ft RaRBHia H6. To npeAceAHBROBo npaBO CBaRaRo je 

ooacflo aa onTyxeHHRa, aRo 6h ce npeACOAHHR H»HMe nocjiy- 

zHO npoTHB onTys6HHRa« nosHBajyfci na npeTpec nose 

cae^oRe, rojh fee ra TepoTHTH; onTyaeHHR je TaAa y My- 

noi nojiosajy a^ ce 6paHH upoTHB CBOAORa, sa Roje 61 

TeR Ha npoTpecy casnao. 

Cei CBera Tora, npeAceAHHR HHa npaso HapeAHTH, Aa 
ce npouTajy cBeA0(j6e CBOAORa Mol^y thm yMpjiHx hab ohhx, 
Koji Ha Bpexpee HHcy hofah aoIih. 

Gbo TO hh HaJMa&e ce ho cAase c ouTysHox chctohox 
y RasHenoM nocTyuRy, Roja je y Opani^ycRoj caMO no t^opiH, 
a y cTBapH ce npoTHBHO npaRTHRyje. A y jeAHO cae to apAo 
jacHo noRasyje, RaRO je TeacaR noAosaj onTysoHHRa nopoA 
TaRBe moLh npeACOAHHRa nopoTHor cyAa ; h RaRo ona BeAHRa 
npeAceAHHROBa BAacT Moae Aa (iyAO Bpjio onaena h niTeTHa 
sa ODTyxeHiRa. 

Hy Aft nol^OMO A^Jbe c ohhcom npeTpeca npoA opaniiy- 
OLHX nopoTHHX cyAOM. 

no cacAymaBy CBOAORa o6ejy CTpana; no HcnHTy oa- 
TjseHHRa H BemTaRa; nocAe H3HomeH>a nncMeKHx Aoaasa h 
Hcnpaaa ; no npoTOTaay npoTORo^ia yBH^jy na AHiiy MecTa; 
nocAe HSHeceHHX CTBapn, Roje cAyse Rao upoAxeTH y6e^H- 
Baaa, — na RpaTRO no CBpraeTRy caera npHRaaa CBHJy ao- 
Rasa, — no^Hfte TaRO nasBaHU nocTynaR H8Bo^eH>a hjih 
saRAyqaRa, to jecT OHAa ce roaope 6eceAe sa nanaA h 



144 EHr^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA 

OA(}paHy. npBo nowfte AP»aBHH tjtrrmh, kojh AorH^HO 
np^AcraB^a h ynope^yja cne AORase, RoJHMa mhcjiii Aa Aosaaie 
CBOjy Ty«6y, nonyifcyjytiH je napo^HTO h yBH^ajeM na npe- 
Tpecy. y TO HMe oh, nopeA Tora, cystfuja h o6apa cBy oa- 
((paHy onTya&eHHEOBy. HecTO ^paeiiycBH aP^^bhh TysHOQH 
y TOMe CBOM rOBopy h npetepyjy, ynymTajytn ce y opaxop- 
CRa AHopaH>a h ane^iyjyiiH BHine na ocehaae nopoTHHRa, 
mTO noc^ie HsasHBa 6paHHoita onTya&eHHROBor aa h oh no^e 
THM npaBiteM. Y ocTajioM xaRBo anejioBase na cyAHJcRO oee- 
kaH»e H He Mo^e ce ca cbhm H86etiH. nixa BHme oho ce ao- 
HeRjie nojaBjibyje h Rao HecyMH>HBa npoBara ycMenor h jaBHor 
nocxynRa naA npe^amftHM nHCMeHHM h xaJHHM Hcxparaiia. Jep 
npH xaRBOM jaBHOM nocxynRy He boah ce pe^ caMo o RpH- 
MnnajiHOJ, Beh y Hcxo Bpeie h qoBeijoj (Mopa^HOJ) 
cxpaHH A^a. CyAHJa xaAa y onxymeHHRy Mopa a* rjieAa He 
caHO 3;ioqHHita, neb h qoBeRa, h aRo xo cxporo no sa- 
ROHy He 611 xpe6a;io Aa 6yAe. Hy npH cbcm xom, RaA xh 
opaxopcRH H3;iHBH ope^y CBOJy lepy, Rao mxo xo ^ecxo tfHBa 
ROA ©panaycRBx AP»aBHHx xyatHJiaiia h 6paHMaiia, — OHAa 
ce xo Hopa acHiocaxH Rao sjioynoxpetfa jaBHor ii8BHVtK>a v 
nocxynRa y RaBnenHM A^^^Ma. Hapo^Hxo je lyqan nodosa] 
6paHH0iiHMa no ^pani^ycROii RasnenoM nocxynRy, jep ohh 
Ao6HJajy pe^, xeR no raxo je onxyaenHR H3Ap»ao paane na- 
naAe: npo^Bxaae xyattfe; npeACxaBRy npeAceAHHRa nopoxnor 
cyAa xoj xyat6H; HcnHxanafte onxysenHRa h roBop Ap- 
aiaBHor xyatHOAa. A nocjie cBera xora xeniRO je cxBap (}pa- 
HHXH, jep nopoxHHiiH xeniRo Aa Mory Aa ce ocjiotfoAe yxH^aja, 
RoJH na H>HX npHpoAHO Mopajy HHaxH cna ona npexxoAHa 
cpeACXBa y6e^eH»y nopoxHHRa npoxHB onxy»eHHRa. 

Me^y XHH xaRaB xea^aR nojiomaj onxyseHHROB y horo- 
;iHR0 ce y6M«yje xhmo mxo aeroB 6paHHMA HMa noc^eAfty 
pel (Ma Aa My je xo y jeAHo npna). Hy h xo ne Bnaw 
6affl Bpjio MHoro sa onxyaenHRa. Jep h aRO AP^aBHH xy- 



EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPDCKA HOPOTA 145 

sHjiaa Heia npaBa a^ roBopu nocAe ((paHfloaa onTysenHRo- 
Bor, — oneT HHa neKor kojh h to wHir. To je can npoA- 
ceAflHB nopoTHor cy^a. OBaJ, no mTO oijiacH a& je CBpmeHo 
H8BH]^a&6 Ha MaBHOM npeTpecy (que les d^bats sent termi- 
n6s)y HMa npaBO h Ay^Hocx a& HsroBopH sasj^byqEy 6eceAy. 
To ce 80Be „resum6'', to jeei ssjiarafte CTa&a cxBapH npena 
i^ejiOM peayjixaxy HSBH^eiba saKO npe npeTpeca, Taso h na 
OBOie. Tone ce «paHAyoBH EasneHH nocrynas HspajsaBa 
OBaKo: ^Le president r^sumera Taffaire, II fera remarquer 
aux jur^s les principales preuves pour ou centre Taccus^. 
II leur rappellera les fonctions qu' ils auront a remplir/ 
(^IIpeAceAHHK iie y RpaTso pas^omHTM cxase CTBapn. Oh be 
o6paTHTH nopoTHii(H]ia nasH>y na MaBne AORase sa hjih npo- 
THB OHTyseHHRa. n Hajnoc;ie oh be hm HanoMenyTH AysHO- 
CTH, Roje Tpe6a a* HSBpme.*) 

IIpeMa TaROM saROHCROH TBRCiy HMa^a 6h Ta npeACOA- 
HMROBa 6eceAa a* (5yAe caMO HCTopnjcRe npHpoAO h ne- 
napxan^Ha. ^^opMa^Ho TaRO je; ny ano 6h y nojOAHHOM 
cjiy^ajy npeACOAHHR oaBTH^Ru HSBpniHO n npoTOBHO^ 
oHTTseHHR HCMa Ha^HHa Aa cys^HJe 3jie nocjLeAuae TaRBor 
npeACOAHHROBor roBopa. Ma rojIHRo a*'^ ^h npeACOAHHR y xoj 
CBOJoj saRJbyvoj 6eceAH ^anxa h AORase jeAHOCTpano h nap- 
TaH^HO H3AoaHO Ha niTOTy OHTyateHHROBy, — ohot hh oh- 
TyseHHRy HH H>eroB ^paHH^ai^ nenajy npasa a^ OAroBope na 
to, jep npeACOAHHR HMa noc^e'Afty pei. A a* Bemr npeA- 
ceAHHR, H 6e3 HOBepHe npoACTaBRe cTa^a CTBapH, Hoaie on- 
Ty»eHHRy a^ hiroah tom cbojom saBAyTOOM 6eceA0M, — to 
HHJe TemRO hojmhth. 

Hy COM Tora, opanuycRH RasneHH nocxynaR nocTanj^a 
OHTyseHHBa y onacan no^osaj h sa to, hito caMO npoAceA- 
HHR HMa npaBOy Aa OAJiy^H, RaRBa he nHTaH>a Aft uoaos&h 
nopoTHHi(HMa. OnTyaieHHR h seroB ((paHH^ait noMajy npana 
saxTOBaTH, Aft ce Ta HHTa&a npeAAOse no h»hxoboj sejbH. 

rjACHBK LXIX. 10 



146 EHHIECKA. ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCK/i ROPOTA 

4,0E Me^y THM HecyMftHBo J6, Aa ^ecro n oa caMor HaqHHa 
H peAa no^ioseEHX nHTa&a saBHCu Bp^o hhofo. 

Gbb Te HeAOCAeAHOCTH, HenpasAe h HenpaBH^HOcxH OAp- 
aiajie cy ce, na niTeiy onxyiieHHKa, y opaHi^ycBOM RasHenoM 
nociynKy, jep ce one He xn^y nojiHTHHHe cxpane nopoxe, 
Rojoj cy HaJBHme 6pHry boah;i6 cbo flSHeHe y opaHuycRoi 
KasHeHOM nocxynsy. 

Mhc^ihmo, Aa Hohe 6hxh cyBHinno Aa ce obao y Kpaxso 
AOxaKHeHo HeMa^RHx sasHeHux nocxynaBa o xom sace^HOM 
npeAMexy. 

HeMa^Ra saROHOAaBCXBa na npoxMB U36erjia cy one HflHe 
opaHitycRor RasneHor nocxynRa, Roje Ma;io ^ac noMeHycMo. 
OHa Aonymxajy 6paHHoay Aa roBopH OAHax nocjie npaor 
iipeA^ora (HSHomesa xys((e) oa cxpane AP^aBHor xymHoi^a. 
CeM xora Aajy 6paHHoity npaBO Aa neaocpeAHO npeA- 
jiase nnxasa CBeAOi^HMa. Hy HaJBasHHJe sa npaao OA((paHe, 
jecxe, no HeMaqsHM aaROHHHa, obo ABOJe: 

a., nixo onxy^eHHROB 6paHHAaA Ana upaBO Aa OAro- 
BopH Ha npeAceAHHROBy BaRAyqny (ieceAy (resum6), aRo 6h 
oia caApacaBa;ia HOBa «aRxa; h 

6., nixo 6paHH4aA Mose Aa npHHetiyJe npoxHB iiHxaH>a, 
Koja 6n npeAceAHHR xxeo Aa npeA^osn nopoxHHu^HHa, h Aa 
xpamu Aa ce nnxafta ApyR'iHJe nocxaBe. 

A^H onex h nopeA csera xora ne Moae ce OApeke, Aa 
HHRBHSflxopcRH HpaBai^ npecTB^a^yje y HeiiaqROM RasHeaoM 
nocxyuRy ecxo onaRo, Rao n y opaHi^ycROM ; aor Ha npoxHB 
enrjiecRfl RasHenH nocxynaR no^HBa Ha n pane j onxysnoj 
CHCxeMH, xo jecx ne camo no oopiiH, Bet h y cxBape. J 
ocxa^OM xa oco6HHa OHMecRor Rasnenor nocxynRa pasBHJia 
ce xeR nocxenoHO, jep h eHMecRa nopoxa (napo^Hxo on- 
xy^RHa) y no^exRy CBora nocxaHRa BHme je ((HJia npaBita hh- 
RBMSHxopcRor. CaMo fflxo je xo y EnrjiecROJ ({pao npecxajio. 
TjiaBHH y3poR xaRBOMe npaBEiy enrjiecRor RasHOHor nocxynRa 



EHr4ECKA, <l»PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 147 

jecT y TOMe, niTO hhkbhshtopcbh nocrynaK KanoncKor npasa, 
KOJH je BOA Apyrnx napoAa HMao oaaKO mTeiaH yiHitaj npo- 
THB onTyaceHBKa, y EnrjiecKOJ HHJe Morao ab, yxBaxH Kopena. 
HcTHHa Aft je H y EnrjiecKOJ Xeflpnx VII (BJiaAao oa 1509 
AO 1547 roAHHe) ({ho noKymao a* y KaaneHEM onxy^eftHMa 
jByqe hhbbhshtopcbh nocTynaK KanoHCEor npasa. Ajih Taj 
ce noKymaj 6p3o pas^HO o TBpAy cxeny npoTHBHor npaBiia 
y KasHenoM nocxynKy, kojh je npasaii y EerjiecKOJ Befc 6no 
yxBaxHO CHaatHor KopeHa. 

To je y TJiaBHOM, xob paAa na npexpecy npeA opan- 
AycBHM nopoTHHM cyAOM(*). 

CaA Aa npe^eMo na cpncBe saEOHCEe OApeA(}e o xoMe. 

III. y cp6HjH. 

KaBBor je npaBi^a h EapaExepa ((Hjia EasHeHa Hcxpara no 
HameM cxapoM EasHeHOii npasy, o xoHe HeMaMo noAaxaBa. 

Ocxai^H H3 AymaHOBa saBOHa ne roBope HHinxa o xoie. 
y HamBM exapHH cnoMeHHi^HHa (Monumenta Serbiea, oa Mh- 
BJiomHha) xaBo^e hhcmo Mor;iH HatiH HHmxa, mxo 6h Han mo- 
FjIO, Ma H HaJMaibe, o((jacHHXH xo Bamno nHxa&e. Hcxo xaRO 
H ^cnoM6HHAH cpncBH'' OA Ilyi^eiia ho Mory a^ noc^yse Eao 
noysa y xom npoAMexy, jep hq y H>HMa neMa o H>eMy HHmxa. 
Ha spaxEo roBopehn, Hame cxapHHe y onmxe o xoMe nHxaH>y 
45a CBHM cy 6e3 BpeAHOcxH, jep fcyxe o xoMe. 

A 36or xe ocByAHite y HcxopnjcBOM MaxepHJa^iy o xom 
nsxaay namer BasHeHor nocxynEa H3 BpeMena Hame Epajbe- 
BHHe H i](apeBHHe, Eao h aoahhjhx speMefla ao nponacxH 
crape cpncBe AP^aBe, — mh MopaMo as* ce ysAP^RMO oa 
cBasor A&^er roBopa o xom upeAMexy^ na ocHOBy Earner cxa- 
por BasieHor npaBa. Be3 HcxopHJeBHX noAaxaEa Ham 6h 



(') Bbau o CBHMa 04peA6aMa ^^panaycKor nocrynsa o OBOMe 
Helie, kh,. VIII, cxp. 656 — 784. 

10* 



148 EHr^ECKA, ^PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

roBop Morao Aft ^JA^ caHo nara^ase; a u hhcmo pa^K 
y laso BasHOH nHTafty aa ce nymiaMO y to, 

C Tora ii6H0 OAMax a& npo^eMO na name caAane Ka- 
8ueH0 npaeo o tom upeAMexy. 

y Hac npexxoAHy Hcrpary He caMO o npecrynna, Bet h 
sjio^HHHMa y onmTe, na h o oHHMa, kojh AO^ase y HaAAes* 
HOCT nopoTHor cyAa, apniH nojiBi](ncRa E/iacx, Kao mTO oiia 
H paHHJe HanoMeHyjiH C)' ^^A BetiHHe RassHBHX AeA% OBa 

TO OTnO^HH>e H BpniH CaManQ CBOJOJ SBaHH^HOJ AJ- 

SHOCTH, H aRo He 6h iwjio Tys((e oa RaRBor npHBaTHor 
jiHAa. /l,ocTa je, aa jo nojiHi](HCRoj B^acTH AOCTaBJbeno la 
OA Rora, Aft j^ HSBpioeH RaRaB sjio^hh hjih npecTyn, na 
ona je OAMai AyaHft Aft npeAysMe iCTpary o Tone. CaMo 
H^yseTHO y neRBM Ras&HBHs Ae<iiHMa, no^nitHCRa Bjiacr ne 
cue npeAyjBMaTH Bcrpary, aor ne (in 6h;io Ty»(5e oa CTpane 
naAjiesHor HHTepecoBaHor 4HAa, noBpe^enor h;ie onrreiienor 
Hjin H>eroB6 ^aimjiHJe. To je c^y^aj roa neRHX, a ne CBHJy^ 
npecTyna Rao: npenapa (ajiH ne CBHjy), yTaja, noBpeAa 
Ty^Hx CTBapn, yBpoAa, RJieBeTa h joni ncRHX npecTyna, roa 
RoJHx je saROH HspeROM Rasao, Aft ce nsBH^ajy h cyAe caMo 
no Tym6H HHTepecoBanor ^niia. Hy Aa avi je namepHO, h;ih 
(viy^aJHO, TeR cBaRaRo y nac Hia h a^io^HHa, rojh ce H3- 
BH^jy H cyAe caio hoboaom Tyatfe BHTepecoBanor npnaaT- 
Hor ;iHita. TaRO nam RasneHH saRon ciaTpa Rao SjIo^hh^ 
aRo 6n ABOJHAa hjih BHme h>hx no AoroBopy pasrpa^HjiHy 
onycToniHjifl hjih ynnniTHJiH Tyl^e CTsapH ("). A OBaMo ce onoT 
Taj 3Jio^HH RasHH caMOHaTys<$y oHora, qnje 6h to CTBapn 
6Hjie (•). Me^y thm npoTHBHo TOMe, y nameM RasHenoM aaRony 



(*) no HOBOM ycTasy oa 1888 roA. OAyaexo je to oa noanuHje 
H npeAahe co cpecKOM cyAuju, hojh he oe aanecTH y uajKpaheM pony, 
a A0T4e he bpidhth nojimHja. 

(^) Bhah !t 293. y eeae ca S 1. Hamer RaaueHor saKoaa. 

(') Bhah S 2 94. uanier KaaucBor aaKona, 



EHr.lECKA, 4>PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 149 

niia H npecTjna, bojh ce EasHe spjio 6jiaro, a onei 
no aBaHH^Hoj Ay»HOCTH(*). OxKyAa TaKBO HeAoweAHo- 
«TR y HameM BasHeHOH sasoHy, — mh neiieHO obab Aft hchh- 
TyjeMO, jep 6e nac to ntuieKO OABeiio oa 8ac66Hor npeAHexa 
OBe pacnpaBB. Hy aP^^^h ce crporo OBor npoAMOTa, hh iieno 
Aaj&e cnoMeHyTH sao oco((HHy Earner sasHeHor nocrynsa a^ 
ApaaBHH TyiRHAaA HHinTa ne paAH y npexxoAHOj 
HCTpasH, Oh hhth Moae Aa noAHece Ty»6y nojiHitHCKOJ 
B;iacTH; hhth Moate oBoj tohhth KaKBe npoAJiore y HHTepecy 
npoHajiacEa RasBor RaxftHBor ^qab. hjih RpHBiia. IIoJiHiiiHCRa 
BJiacT caHa, tfes AP^annor TysHoiia, OTno^Hse HCTpary ; caMa 
je pyROBOAH; caMa hoahoch cyAy Tya({y, aEo 6h Ham^a Aa 
TOie Hva MecTa ; a cana h npeRHAa HCTpary, aso 6h nanijia 
Aa oneT Tone HHa Mecra. Ha RpaTEo roBopeiiH, aP^abhh 
TysH^iau, Hose TaAa as* ™a caHO y;iory AOCTaB^aqa, h hh- 
HiTa BHHie. Oh AOTJie ctojh rope h oa npHBaTHor TyanoAa, 
jep oBaj 6ap Bia npaso a^ H3JaBH saji((y HpoTHB pemefta 
HOJiHiiHCRe BJiacTH HpeRHAafty HCTpare, aoe ApaaBHH Ty- 

XEAfiH HBMa HH TO HpaBO. 

HcTpara roa nojiHitBCRe B;iacTH Tajna jen HHCHena. 
Ba BpeHe to AcTpare nojiHKHCRa BjiacT lopa onTyseHHRa 
Aa npHTBopH cBarAa y My^ajy onTyaeaa sa SjIO^hh; an 
sa CBe tfesnacTHe npecTyne, Rao h one, aa Roje 6h Rasna 
6fiAeL OApe^ena npeno abo roAHHO saTBopa. npHTBopy aa 
Bpeiie noAEnnLCKe Hcxpare, HCTpaa^HHR naAaje peHieH>e, npo- 
THB Rora ce OHTyseHHR mojro a^ ^ajiH ORpysHOM cyAy Eao 
noc^ieAfteii CTeneny o tom nHTatty(*), Aro 6h h oRpyatHH cyA 
Hamao, a^ onryseHHB aa Bpeie npeTXOAHe ncxpare Tpe($a 
Aa (}yAe y npHTBopy, — oHAa oh y tomo h ocTaje cne ao 
cnpoBOAa cyAy no CBpnieHoj HCTpaan. A TaAa cyA pemana o 



(') Bhau ^ 19 5. Haaueuor sanoHa. 

(*j Ho iiOBOM ycTaBjr Ta pemeH>a iicxpaHiiia uaacx ujH.be CyAy 
u 663 »ca46e npuTBOpeHUKOBe, no SBauaqHOj Ay>KHOCTH. 



150 EHr.lECKA, 4>PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA HO POTA 

tomb: ab. JiQ HMa Mecia cxaB^afty oniyseHHRa y omjs&Eo 
CTaH>e ; sao h xohe jIh ce 6paBHTH hs npniBopa haul (vio($oa6? 
Ako 6e cyA OAotfpHo Aa oniyaieHHK na npeiie npexxoAne 
Hcxpare ociaHe y npHxBopy, — OHAa ce onxyatenHK sa Bpene 
i^ejie npexxoAHe Hcxpare npHXBopa xaBo, a& hrro h be y 
Eoje Ao6a BeMa cacxasasa c b>hm sa caHO. GaMO no BapoqH- 
xoM HCxpasBBBOBOM AonynixeH»y Mo:Ke ce xasaB npHXBope- 
BHK A^ cacxaBe c saEBHM CBoJHM B03BaBBK0M, BpHJaxejbeM 
HAH po^asoM, H xo caMO y npncycxBy ^ysapa hah Bapo- 

^HXO sa xo OApe^BBOr ^HBOBBBKa. 

Ha jeHt'iXBO onxyseBHE ce hh y bom cjiy^ajy ne nose 
Aa nycxH y CAo6oAy 3a Bpene xe npexxoABe HCxpare, aKo 
6h ((ho onxyaieH 3a 3J1otoh. A cano oBora, roJh ((h 6eo 
onxyaseB sa npecxyn, Hcxpa^BHR Mopa sa Bpeiie boahiiH' 
CEe Hcxpare na jeMCXBO Aa nycxn y CAo6oAy. 

AoRjie xpaje npexxoAHa Hcxpara, onxy^eHHR Heiia npaBa 
Aa pacMaxpa aRxa o CBOMe onxymeH>y. Hnje My AOuymTeBO 
Aa ce sa CBojy OA^paBy noujasm RaRBHM (^paBHoi^eM C). Gb6- 
AOUH ce HCBHxyjy Oes H>eroBor npncycxBa. Hcxo xa&o h cne 
ocxajio HSBH^afte h HCxpara ^nne ce ((es iberoBor npncycxBa. 
Oa i^e^e Hcxpare ob sBa caMO xoahro, roabro My HcxpasBHB 
caonmxHXH y nojeAHBHM nnxaftHMa, Roja CMepajy na xo, a^ 
ra o6pjiaxe, Be 6h jih npHsnao CBOJy RpHBHi^y. 

npexxoABa Hcxpara jeAHaRa je RaRo y SJio^HBHMa^ 
xaRO H y npecxyflHMa. 

Ha RpaxRo roBopehn Bama npexxoABa HCxpara ca cbhm 
je HBRBHSHxopcRor RapaRxepa Rao h y ^paBAycROJ. GaMO mxo 
je ROA ^paBiiysa 6ap xo 6oAe, mxo ce o npecxynHMa 
H Be Mopa Aa Bprnn npexxoABa Hcxpara, Beb mxo ce, h 6ez 
xora, Mome xjm6a AaxH nenocpeABO BaA^eatBOM cyAy, na OBaj 



(*) HoiiHM ycTaooM ii ono je najjeibeiio y tojhko, iiito npuTBope- 
UHK Mome yaeTu 6paHtioua Aa paarae^a anra u iiajaBa »<aj6y npo- 
THB npnTBopa. 



EHraECKA, <l»PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 15l 

OHAa Ha npeTpeey cTsap HSSH^a h pemasa. A to mhofo ojiaK- 
masa cxsap, jep ce 6p30 lose Aa cspniH; aor Ha npoiBB 
y Hac ce o(5aBe3HOii npeixoAHOM HciparoM h o npecry- 
nHMa qecTO xa onTyaiefta roa noAEVfiJQ to^ihro OAyroBJia^e 
Aa OHTyaeHHR npHTBopoM npexpnH BHme, nero nixo 6h My 
OApeAHJia n caMa ocyAHa npecyAa. 

npexxoAHoj HcxpasH nojiHi(H6Ra BJiacx He hoahoch 
HHROMe HSBembe hh neAe^no, hh Mece^HO, Rao idto cho bh- 
AejiH, Aa je y ^pani^ycRoj xo Ay^HOcx Hcxpa»HHROBa. C xora 
y Hac nena ro Aa ce sa Bpeiie noMi^HCRor npHXBopa say- 
3flMa y RopHcx onxysLeHHROBy, aRo ne y ^eMy ApyroM, a oho 
(}ap Aa ce Hcxpara (Je3 noxpeCe ne (}h OAyroB^iaqajia. 

JeAHHe rapanxHJe, Roje je nama npexxoAHa acxpara, 
Aa;ia, ((ap na xapxHJH, onxyseHHRy y OBOue cy: 

1., nixo ce onxyateHHR h cseAoiiH HcnHxyjy y npncy- 
cxBy ABa rpa^aHHHa, xe ce Ha xaj naqHH cy36HJajy Horyba 
caMOBOACXBa HcxpasHHROBa Ha nixexy onxyaReHHROBy ; h 

2., nixo npexxoAHa HCxpara ne 6h cMejia Aa xpaje Ay«e 
OA ABa iieceua. 

Hy H xo ABOJe npaRXHROMje cseAeno roxoBO na nyjiy. 

0(5Hqaj je Bet nocxao, Aa ohh rpa^aHH ne npHcycxByjy 
HCHHxy onxyateHHRa haul CBeAORa oa no^exRa ao Rpaja, Bel 
Aa HCxpasHHR HCHHxa CBe caH, tf e3 rpa^ana, na h>hx caMo npH- 
80Be, xe OBepe HcnHxe, Rao Aa cy npHcycxBOBa^iw npH xoMe. 

^a je xaRsa npanxHRa caHO onacna h nixexna 3a on- 
xy»eHHRe, jeABa je noxpe^HO h nanoMenyxH. 

A Hcxo xaRO H ona APyra rapaexHJa o xpajaay npex- 
xoAHe Hcxpare, y nac je caxo MpxBo nncMe na xapxHJn. n3 
Hanie cyACRe npaRXHRe mh 3naMo c^y^ajena, rAe je onxyate- 
HHR nonex lecei^a 6m y ho^ihi^hcrom npHXBopy sa npene 
npexxoAHe Hcxpare, na xeR OHAa je cnpoBO^en cyAy(*). 

(') To je 6m-io y onxyjKeiby ^bydoMupa JespeMOBuha 
6HBiner cpecKor HaneJUHKa y 1883 rojiuuii. 



152 EHraECKA, ^PAHUVCKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 

A 6\AA0 je H laKBHx c;iyqaJ6Ba, a& cy onxyseHEKH hbap- 
sihAE no ocaH tfecei^a y no.A]ntHCBOi[ npiTBopy^ na saA cy 
noMaTH cyAy Aa hx je cyA OAiax 0Tny<5THo cjio(5oAHe, najia- 

Sekfl A^ HHCy ypaAHAH HHRaRBO Ba^K&HBO ABAOC). 

niTO ce nojiHitHCBe ncrpare y nac lory xaKO npeKo- 
MepHO Aa pasBJiaqe na mTexy OMyaenHKa, tomg je BpHB 
caH 3aB0H. Jep § 156. Hamer sasHeHor noctynEa, npona- 
cyjyke Aa no^HitecKa Hcxpara le 6h cMeJia Aa Tpaje Ay^so 
OA ABa Mecei^a, HHJe y joaho OApeAHO h Basny sa nc- 
TpasHUEa, KOJH 6ii noBpeAHO Taj nponnc saBona. 3a to 
Hame noAHiitf cse BJiacTH h eiiejy Aa paAe npoTKBHO. Mh nc- 
THHa Apsrao, Aa 6e ce Ta npaBHBHa Hamer BaseeHor no- 
<;TynBa Mor;ia nonyHHTH OApeA($OM Hamer BasHenor sa- 
BOHa. Mh HMaMo jeAHy OApeA({y y Tone saBony, bojh bojih 
Aa 6h qHHOBHHBa, bojh 6e neBora AP^ao HesaBono y npn- 
TBopy, Tpe6ajio brshhth HOB^aHo, saTBopoM h;ih AHme&eM 
3BaH>a('). Aak ao Aanac hh jeAan no;iHi(HCBH HcrpasHHB 
HHJe OATOBapao no toh saBOHy. A Taso 6HBa napo^To 
c Tora, mTo h»hx hhbo h ho BOHTpojiHrne^ Aa ae y tomo 
Bpme saBOH, h;ih ne. JeAHHH onryiBeHHB Morao 6e ce npo- 
THB Tora TymHTH; ajiH oneT oh HBje y nojioawijy Aa to 
ypaAH. Abo je joni y npHTBopy, Bemy HHJe ao Tora Aa thm 
cuopeAHRM maji($aMa jom BHme a^^o pasBJia^H sa cBojy mTOTy. 
A BaA ({yAe nyniTeH y c;io6o;iy, oh o6imEO joABa Ao^ena Aa 
<5e onpocTH 6eAe (npHXBopa), na My h HHJe ao Tora Aa ce 
TyacH npoTHB HenpaBHJiHOCTH HCTpasHBBOBe, ($am h BaA ne 
6h 6Hjio no saBony cyHftHBo, Aa ^h iie HCTpaacHBB OAroBa- 
paxH 3a OHO OAyroB^a^eae npHTBopa. A noBpx CBera Tora 
AOJiasH jom h to, mTo y nac hhbo He Moase Aa tjiele ^h- 



(*) To je 6iiJ0 y onTymeiby Taje MwJopaAOBHha, JoBana b Pa- 
4ticaBa MH.iocaBJbeBHha TemaKa h3 onpyra hynpHCKor, oner 1883 

(^] Bbau ^ 12 3 iiamer KasHeuor saKOHa 



EHMECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 153 

BOBHHRa, d6oT iboroBe RaRBe nenpaBH^He hae HesaEOHe pa^fte, 
HenocpeAHOcjAy, Bet ihto jBeK Mopa aa to a* xpaaH ao- 
nynrrefte oa noJiHTH^He B;iacTH — MHHHCTpa, — na oHAa 
OBaj T0H6 pemaBa neorpaHH^eHo. Ha xaj Ha^HH cnpe^ena je 
MoryiiHocT, A& ^HHOBHiK OAiosapa sa CBojy nesaROHy paAH>y(^). 

KaA 6h H y Hac (Rao oho y Opanitysa) o toj HeipasH, 
HOiiBQECRa B;iaGT AysHa 6Hjia a^ hoahoch c y a y peAOBHo hs- 
Bembe y Te^ajy noRor BpeMena; h RaA 6h naiDH cyAOBs 
4iiiAii AjxME Ast caMH, no sBaHH^HOJ AysHOCTH, no- 
Kpeky nHTaae o OAroBopHocTH HCTpa»HHRa, RaA roA (Jh npH- 
MerHJiH Aa je Hcxpara xpajajia npeRO saROHor poRa, — OHAa, 
pa3yMe ce, a& ho 61s. hh CMeo HHRaRaB noJiHi^HCRH Hcrpas- 
HHR HCTpary npoRO poRa a^ passjiaqn, hh HaMepHO, hh z6ot 
He6pe»eH>a. A thmo 6h onxyateHHiiH 6hah ocnrypaHH, Aa nele 
fiHmxa HOBaROHO npexpneiH OAyroBjia^e&eH npHiBopa. 

Mh HCTiHa HMaifo y HameH RaaneHOM uocxynRy hohito 
Ha^HR Ha oho ©panuycRO ype^efte aa ROHTpoAHcaae ipa- 
jafta npeTXOAHHx Hcxpara. Ham RasneHH nocxynaR xom6 
OBaRO b64h: «CyA iie MoxpHXH, aa ce HcnnxH ne OAyroB^a^e^ 
H jaB&^e HHHHCxpy npaBAO, aRo ne 6h Roja nojiHi](HGRa 
BJiacx OAroBapa^a cBojoj AyanocxH** (*). Aah xo je ca cbhm 
Henoxnyno. Epe CBera, nojiHiiHCRa BJiacx ne hoahoch hs- 
Bela cyAy onxysoHHi^HMa, rojh cy roa h>6 hoa HcxparoH 
H y npHXBopy; sa xo xa cyACRa paAfta no xom §-y 27 Ea- 
BHOHor nocxyuRa, Mopa a* AO^e ynoR a oil Ran, to jecx no 
iHxo 6h onxyaieHHR Boii 6ho cnpoBeAen cyAy h HSApa^^o y 
nojiHi^HCROM npnxBopy h npcRO saROHor posa. EpH xom cbhro 
onxyjRefte h ho fl,o\e ao cyAa, xe Aa <5h onaj Morao mxo iipe- 
AysHMaxH y Ropncx onxyaeHHROBy, rojh ({h roa HcxpaaiHe 
B^acxH npeROMepHo 6ho y npBXBopy. * A ceM xora, una oa- 



(*) Ca4aH>HBi ycTaeoM Aaxo je coaKOM npaso Aa miHOBunKa xyjKH 
cyAy HenocpeAHO. 

('] ! 2 7. Kaaneiior nocrynKa. 



5 4 EHr.lECKA, ♦PAimVCKA M CPnCKA nOPOTA 

peA($a Earner BasHenor nocryima to^bbo je Ban npaBTHse 
BOA HamHX cyAOBa, Aa mh nosHTHBBO cmomo tbpahth, Aa oa 
BBEO je Tor nocTynsa, naAO Aaaac: hh jeAan cyA HHJe 
MEflHcxpyupaBAey^HUHo npdACTaBBynaocHOBy 
Tor saBona. 

Ha Taj HawH onTy«eHHi(H cy boa Hac ocTaB^eHn xaBO 
petiH Ha MH^iocT H4H HeMH^ocT HCTpasHHBOBy, xobe An Aa Bpnifl 
B»HXOBy CTBap y saBOHOM poBy, hjih he HCTpary o B»oj, a no tomb 
H OHTyseHEBOB npETBop, Aa pasByqe m npeBO Tor poBa. 

y EHTepocy qoBewocTE, y HExepecy npaBAe, xpe^a^o 
6e y Eac mxo npe AaxH a^EBoxa OHOJ sbboecboj OApeA($E, 
no Bojoj npexxoAsa (no^iEuncBa) Ecxpara se 6e cHe;ia Aa 
Tpaje AJ7&Q OA ABB Meceiia. A xo ($e ce paAE^io caMo noA 

OBEM yCJlOBEMa : 

a.y EaA 6e no^EitucBfl ncxpajBHEitn 6H^fl ajtrehl CBaBor 
MBceiia Aa uoAEoce cyAy OBpysEOM BpaxBo ESBemhe o cbemb 
npflXBopeHEi^EMa c Ba3EaqeB»eM oa bba je cbbbe oa &ex y 
npHXBopy ; 

6., EaA 6vL ce OApeAH;ia cxpora Basna sa HCxpamEEBa, 
BOJE 6fl Ecxpary pasByEO npeBO onor poBa, 6e;io EaMepEo, 
6uo EeEaiiepHo. 

B., Kba 6b ce npeAceAHBBy cyAa cxaBBJio y sace^By Ay«- 
BOCXy Aa npE peniaBaB>y o onxyflieB>y Eapo^Exo na3H na xo, 
Aa EEJe oaxysesEB 6eo y npEXBopy npeBO dasoBor poBa, 
na BBo 6h xo npEHexHO, bba 6e Ay^as 6eo SBaflnqEo xo ao- 
CXBBHXE MflEECxpy IIpaBAO c flanoHeEOHy Aa ce ECxpasEBB 
8a xo y3Me Ea OAroBop e Ba3EE; h HaJQOc^ie 

r., EaA 6e ce e 3a npeAceAEHsa^ OApeAEJia aAHEEECxpa- 
TEBfla Ba3Ha Ea c^y^aj, Aa 6e oh, EBHepEO h^e sexaxEo, 
nponycxEO cuasEXH xy EenpaBEJinocx ECxpa^Ee B^iacxE, e;ie 
JBBBXE je MHBEcxpy IIpaBAe. 

Mfl CHo ce XEM Hajio yAajbE^E oa 3ace6Eor npeAMexa 
OBe pacnpaBe; bjih xo je 3axxeBa;ia noxnynocx paAa. 



EHr-4ECKA, <l»PAnuyCKA H CPIICKA nOPOTA 155 

A noG^e Tora as, ce onoT BpaTHMO na j[,2LJbii tor paAa 
7 sasHeHKH onTyse&HHa koa nac. 

EaA noJiHitHCRa sJiacx AOBpmH CBOJy icrpary h nat^e Aa 6h 
onTjseHHsa xpetfajio nocjiaTH cjAy, ona to ^hhh c noAHomajeH 
Tys6e, y Rojoj Hs^ase cae A0Ea3e npoTBB ODTya^eHHsa. 

Hh Taj M0M6HaT, no nameH RasHenoH nocTyoRy jom HHje 
OHaj, RaAa 6h onTysoHKR Morao HMaTH 6paHH0i(a hjih RaRBor 
caBOTOAaBiia. Hy cyA npBOCTenenH, ne cawyraaBajytH hh ca- 
Hor onTyseHHRa, pemaBa, no npo?HTaH»y nojiHi^HCRe HCTpare: 
Aa Jin HMa HOCTa a& ce onTysoHHR cxaBH noA cyA ; Rao h xo&e 
jiH G6 sa Bpeae HSBH^ja (JpaHHTH h3 cjio^oao HiiH npHTBopa. 
OnTyseHHR ncTHna Hiia npaBO a^ ce npoTHB Tor cyACRor pe- 
me&a sajiH RacaiiHOHOM cyAy, Rao niTo cmo Bob h nanpoA cnoMe- 
HyjiH ; ajiH TaAa Beb HMa (no hobom ycxaBy) (JpaHHOiia, rojh 
H3JaBji»yje »aji6y sa H>era. 

KaA 6h peme&e o CTaBJba&y noA cyA nocTa.ao HSBpniHO, 
Haeraje npaBH MOMOHaT, oa RaAa onTyseHHiiH y nac Hxajy 
6paHH0iie. Hy onoT ftnxoBa jaBna paA^a no^HftO tor Ha 
npeTpecy h noc^e xora, a n p e npoTpeca ohh Mory caMO a^ 
npnnpeMajy OA^pany. Y onTyateaHMa sa sAorane, cyA je Ay- 
jRaH H can no SBannqnoj Ay^ROCTH onTyaieHHRy as* oapoah 
6paHH0iia, aRo ra onaj He 6h caM nsa^pao. A y onTymofty 
sa npecTyne, onTy^enHR Moaie HMaTH 6paHH0iia aRo 
xote. Met^y thm: nenyHOAeTHHMa, neMHMa, OTcyAHHM, 6ojie- 
CHHM H OHHMa ROJH HO SHajy cpncRH, cyA Mopa y CBaROM (viy- 
qajy, TaRo]^e no SBann^HOJ Ay»H0CTH, Aa nocTaBH 6paHHoi(a, 
aRO ra ohh m 6h H3a6paJiH. Hcto TaRo h onTymenoj kOH- 
CRHftH cyA Mopa, no SBanH^noj Ay^HocTH, oApeAHTH 6paHH- 
onfiy aRO ra caMa ne 6h namyia ('). BpanHoi^H Mory 6hth caMo 
jaBHH npaBOsacrynHHiiH, hjih Hnaqe npaBHHitH. 



{^) CsLA no HOBOM ycxaey y oninxe 3 a cee sjomuhc h npecxyne 
onryuceuuK Mopa iiMaTu 6paHi]ona. 



156 EHFAECKA, ^PAHUyCKA U CPnQKA IIOPOTA 

To je onmie Haqe^io Hamer KasHenor nociynBa, Eoje 
3aiKi H sa nopoT(»a onrya^eiba. 

YAa^HJiH ((hcmo ce oa sace^Hor npeAMexa OBe pacnpaBO 
RaA 6e cxo roBopHJin o CBHHa nojeAHHocrnHay soje nocAe Tora 
Hae^pajy no HameM KadHefiOH nocTynBy. 

Hy ApaetH ce flainer Hapo^HTor npoAMOTa, npicryiiH- 
ieMo onncy mia ce AS-^^e paAH ynopoiCBHH onxyseifcHHa. 

no mio Bona^HO pemn o ciaBj^afty oniyaBeHUBa noA no- 
poTM cyA, — oHAa cyA npeAaje aBTa ApataBHOM TyKHoity, 
a OBaj onei noc^e xora hoahoch cyAy cnncaB AOBasa „boje 
ie ce 8a npexpec HatfaBHTH nAt toh npHJinBOH HSHeTi*, sac 
niTO BejiH Ham nopoTHH sasoHC^). 

IIpHMHB Taj cnHcaB AOBasa, npeAceAHHB cyAa Hva npaao, 
Aa ra npeMa aBTEMa, AonyHn ne caso y BopacT onTyse- 
HHBOBy, Beh H sa nojaqaibe Tys6e. Me^y thx npoAceAHiB 
Heia B^acTH a^ OA^aiiH hh jeAHO AORftBHO cpeACTBo, soje 6e 
npeAJiosHO APfl^BHE TysHJiait, Ma bojiibo Aa 6^ ra najiasHo 
Eao HeAonymTeno hjih tfes BpeAHOcxH^ Y tom noweAy TyaH- 
A a II no HameM nopoTHOM saBony, ctojm 6o&q oa ontyse* 
HHBa, BAG mTO LoMo nosadaxH Majio nnse. 

KaA je npeAceAHHB npsMHo oa ApsaBHor xysHOiia cne- 
caB AOBasa i nonynHo ra, no cbomo naxo^eay, — oHAaje 
Ayatan HaJHase ocaM A^na npe r;iaBHor nperpeca, a^ npoAa 
onxy^enHBy cnacaB CBHJy AOBasa, h AonyciH My a^ nonyHi 
CBOjy 0A(5paHy. tom onTyaeHHBOBOH npoA^ory aa nony- 
H»e&e HAH yvHosefte AOBasa, pemanajy oBpy&HO cyAHJe, Boje 
te nocAe ykn y cacTaB nopoTHor cyAa, y BeorpaAy cyAHje 
BapomBor cyAa. 

HsrAOAa Bao a^ je A^Ta noBa Beha rapanTHJa onryase- 
HHBy, BaA TOM H>eroBOM npoAAory pemaBa o b p y s h h (sa 
BeorpaA BapomBH) cyA^ a ho caM npeAceAHHB, Bao mTO je 



(') BiiAii Ma. 21. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 157 

TO cayqaj c npeA^oroM ApaasHor xyatHOita. A^h y CTBapH 
HBJe TaKo. OniyaefiEK ne ceho ihto HOHa bo be, Beli HHa 
laae rapaHxaje sa CBOjy 0A(5paHy. Jep AOKJie je rope Ka- 
saHOy A^ npoAceAHHK He xoaie oa<$hth HHRasBo AORasno 
cpeACTBO, Roje 6n npeA^osHO aP^abbh lyaiBJiaii aa oja^aH>e 
Tya6e, — AotJie obac, npn npeAJiory onTyaeHHROBOi aa 
yHHOseH>e AORasa aa OA^pany, cyAiMa npaBa h ab, oa- 
6ai(H Te AORaae, aRo 6h Ha;iaano a& AORaan He 6n 6H;in 
OA BpeAHocTH. Ha mio je jom najrope, y nameM nopoTHOM 
aaROHy ne Rase ce, a^ ^h oniya^eHHR Hxa npaBO maJi^e npo- 
THE TasBe cyACRe OA^yRe o OA^aqajy seroBHX AORaaa aa oa- 
6paHy. 3ace6Hoj sem6ih npoTHB laRBe OA^yRe paayiie ce 
Aa He ($H TpeOa^o aa HHa Hecxa, jep 6e ce THHe cy^eH>e 
caHO paaBJia^Hjio. A;iH a& ^^ xpe^ajio o Toxe AonycTHXH 
sa^tfy ya riiaBHy cxBap, to ()e 6hjio ca cbhi npaBO h nyiHO. 
Mb ne anaao, Rano 6h to oHTa&e pacnpaBHO nam Racai^HOHE 
6yA» jep jom HHJe 6hjio (aa Bpexe name BHmeroAHmfte npaR- 
THKe y RacaijMOHOM cyAy) TaRBe ataji(Je. Bho je ncTHHa je- 
Aan My^aj, y Roue je joAan npBOCTenenH cyA oa(5ho neRa 
AORaana cpeACXBa, aa Roje je onTysennR xpamHo aa ce y &e- 
roBy 0A(5paHy ynoTpe(Je. Ajih ce y tom c^yqajy HHJe Morao 
noRaaaxH npanai^ namiix cyAOBa y oboh nHxa^y. YapoR je 
6ho y TOMOy mTO onTyfltOHHR h seroB 6paHiT^aii ne caMO HHcy 
H Ha npexpecy ocrajiH npn cbox npBaHiH»eH Tpase&y, Beii 
cy Ha npoTHB xaAa HapOROM OAycxajin oa Tora 
TpaseH>a; aa to Racai^HOHH cyA HHJe Horao ycBoJBTn &n- 
xoBy AOitHHJy ataji6y npoTHB Tora : raxo HHcy (Jnjia ynoTpe6- 
^ena h ocTa^a onTyaieHHROBa AORaana cpeACTBa. Met^y thh 
Aa OHH HHcy na npeTpecy oa Tora oAycTajiH, — mh apshmo, 
Aa ($H ce CTBap Hopa^a CBpmHTH y RopncT onTysenHROBy roa 
RacapiOHor cyAa. Jep h aRo nopoTHs aaRon aa6paH>yje aia^dy 
npoTHB Tora, Rao a^ HaHecenH AORaan ho 6h 6hjih 



158 EHT^ECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

AOBOJbHH 3a ocyAy('), — oneT ce OHaj npBH ^Aan, kojh 
roBopH saA^aiia npoTHB nopoiHHX npecyAa(') ne Hose 
Apyraqe a^ pasyne, seL Aa ce noA thm onniTHM npaBOH 
3BiSiA6e Tora ^Jiana Mopa pasyHCTH h sa;i(fa npoTHB noBpeAO 
HaJBeLer onTyateHHKOBor npaBa, a to je npaBO noinyne oa- 
6paHe. IIpaBo aiajitfe h npoiHB TaKBHX noBpeAa ys rJiaBHy 
CTBap Mopajio (Jh ce onxyaeHHEy a^th Hapo^HTO no tomb, 
niTO je y ApyrHM KasnenHM oniyaeBHiia — ne nopoTCKM — 
onxyaseHEKy HapesoH AonymTeno npaBo sa^6e, ys rJiaBHy 
CTBap, aa OBaKBe noBpeAe(*). 

Hy Aa ce BpaTHMO Ha j^B^jbn pasBOJ paAa y nopoTHHM 
onTyseftHMa. 

no mTO 6h cyA pemno : Koja te AOKasna cpeACTBa a* 
ce ynoTpe6e na npoTpecy, h kojh Le cboaoiih a^ ce noaoBy 
Ha npoTpec, — OHAa HacTaje cacTSB nopoTHor cyAa, 6HpaH>e 
nopoTHHKa. Baso to 6HBa, to cmo BeL noKasajiH nanpoA y 
OBOj Hamoj pacnpaBH. C Tora 6h 6eao cyBHmHO Aa to obao 
HOHaBj&aMO, boL Lbmo OAMax npehH Ha paAiBy na canoH 
npoTpecy. 

IIpoTpec npoA HaniHM nopoTHHM cyAOM no^Hae ^qHTaaei 
peraeaa, kojhm ce onTyaenHK npeAaje nopoTHOM cyAy*^ (*). 

Sna^aJHo je, Aa ce y HameM nopoTHOM saKony HHrAO 
He Kaa&e, Aa ^6 AP^aBHH Ty2BH;iaii t y s 6 y H3A0«vn. Haje 
pe^eno, Aa be to 6hth hh npe npoTpeca, hh na caMOH 
npoTpecy. Ilpe waBHor npoTpeca AP»aBHH Ty»H;iait hoa- 
hoch caHO ^cnncaB CBHJy AORasHHX cpeACTaBa"", soja Moaie 
H Aa AonyHH (*). A ohot na npeTpecy ^HTa ce caiio pemeBO 



(*) Bhah ha. 48. aaKOua o iiopoxu. 
(*) ^^aiu 47. saKona o nopoxH. 

(*'' ^ 188. KasHenor nocxynKa y sesH ca ha. 56. saKOHa o 
nopoTH. 

(*) H.iaH 31. aaKOHa o nopoxii. 

(*) ApyrM OAe^aK Hjana 21. aanoHa o nopoxH. 



EHr4ECKA, 4»PAHayCKA H CPHCKA IIOPOTA 159 

o craBAaay noA cjaC*). Met^y thm hh noMe xora Ha npe- 
Tpecy Hena roBopa o Ty«(jH AP^^BHor lyaiHoita. Eae CBa- 
Bojaso y i]i640M nopoxHOM sasony He cnoHHfte ce lysda 
ApaaBHor xyaLHOiia. OAKyA j^ homo xaKO mxo ytH y Ham 
nopoxHH saKOH, MH He pasyMeMO. Hapo^axo Han je xo ^yAHO 
c xora, mxo nam sasHSHfi noexynas sa ocxa^a Kas&HBa 
Ae;ia, Koja ne AO^ase y naA^esHOCx nopoxHor cyAa, Hspe- 
KOM OApet^yje : a* ke AP^aBHH xyaiHJiait npe npexpeca hoa- 
HexH cyAy xy»6y, a onex na npexpecy a* te ra OAMax y 
no^exKy npoAceAHEK nosBaxii Aa maoshh xy cBojy xya6y (*). 

Hy H aRo je xasaa npasHnna h^h 6o^e peliH nenoxny- 
Hocx Hamer nopoxHor saKona o xoMe, — onex je npasxH- 
KOM KOA HamHx cyAOBa yxBpl^eno, a^ h na nopoxHOH rjian- 
HOH npexpecy ApaasHH xy»B4au OAMax y noqexKy HCKaayje 
CBOJj xyatfy H xpaateae, na xeK oHAa, Aa ce npHCxynn Aa- 
AOM paAy. Ta npaKXHKa nocxa^a je jaMaqno kojihko caMOM 
npHpoAOM cxBapH, xoJiHKO H Ha ocHOBy q^ana 56. saBona 
nopoxH, BOJHM je Hcsasano sao onmxe npannjio Aa sa no- 
poxna cy^eH»a BamH onmxn KasneHR noexynas, y sojihbo o 
qeHy ne 6e 6hjio npoxRBHo nape^eno caMHH saKonoM o nopoxn. 

Ha xaj na^HH MomeMO sao npann^io HcsasaxH Aa h npe- 
xpecB npoA HamHM nopoxHHM cyAOBHMa noqnfty xym6oM 
ApsaBHor xymnoi^a ; sao mxo h xpe6a Aa 6yAe no canon npH- 
poAHOH xosy CXBapH. 

Ho mxo CMO xo peK;iH, Aa no^eno AaJte. Ho npo^Hxaay 
xyaiCe, npeAceAHHK nopoxHor cyAa o6pata C9 onxyatenHKy 
c nHxaH>eM : npnanaje ah BpHBHi^y, sao mxo je onxysen. 

Ako (5h onxyateHHK HSJaBHO, Aa cBojy KpHBHiiy noxnyno 
npHsnaje, OHAa 6h ipeda^o Aa npecxane cnarto AaJbe hchh- 
xHBaae CBeAOKa h HHaqe AOKasa, aKO nopoxHHiiH ne (Jh cyn- 



(') Ha&h 31. HCTor saKOua. 

(*} 8 183 H 204. KaaneHor nocxynKa. 



160 EUr^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

H>a40 7 TO npH8Ha&e oniyseHHEOBO. Taso 6ap OApe^yje je- 
AaH ^aH Hamer sasoHa o nopoTfl(^). To je cjih^ho enr^e- 
CROH nopoTHOH cyl^e&y, Bao nrro cho bhac^h HanpeA. Hy 
w\)j THH AO AAHac HamH nopoTHH cyAOBH HHcy HHBaA npH- 
MeB»0Ba;iH OApeA<$y Tor saBOHa. Ma a^ ce Bp^o ^ecio a^- 
maBajio, a* j^ onTyaenHE npeA nopoTHHE cyAOM noxnyna 
npH3Hao CBojy spHBHi^y, onex cy HamH nopoTHH cyAOBH yses 
HcnHTHBajii CB6A0K6 H ocxaAe AOBaae, na oha& pemasa^H o 

BpHBHIlH OHTyseHHKOBOJ. 

Mh aP^hmo aa je laEBa npasTHsa naniHX cyAOBa nyraa, 
jep je CBaRaA noysAannje Kora or^acniH sa BpuBa h ocy- 
AHTH, nopeA npH3Ha&a, n Ha ocHOBy ApyrHX AOBasa, nera 
Ba ocHOBy TOAQT npHSHaHiay Boje uosRe a^ <$yA6 h hbhcth- 
HHTO H3 pasHHX HotfyAa. 

HcTHHa A& npeA enr^ecKHM nopoTHHH cyAOM Onna npo- 
THBHO c onTyseHHBOH, BOJH 6h Ha npexpecy CBOJy BpHBHAy 
HOinyHO npHSHao. Hy hh apshmo, aa h boa Enr^iesa hhjb 
Ao6po TaBBO Hapet^e&e sasona, npenAa je boa h>hx oho 
HaH>e onacHO h mieTHo sa oniysenHBa, jep ce no enrjiecBOK 
EasHenoH nocxynBy CBaBOM ooTyjKeHHBy A^^jo noTnyna uo- 
(JoAft y 0A(5paHH jom oa no^exBa EasHefle HCTpare, 
a napo^HTo oh jom oa noqexBa Hxa 6paHHoqa y muj ^o- 
BOBa saBOHHMa BHqna. Koa Enr^eaa oaymeHHB n ao npe- 
Tpeca HMa h npHJiHBe h BpeHena, a^ ce h caH pasHHc^H b 
c ybyAHMa oa 3HaH>a n npHJaxeybBHa nocaBexyje: xole jih 
Aa npHsea BpHBHiiy hjih ne. /I,ob na npoTHB boa Hac, tac 
onxyaKeHHE, bojh (Jh 6ho y npHXBopy, ao noAHomaja xyattfe 
HeHa OpaHHoita; a h noc;ie xora je oh poaobho OABOJeH oa 
JbYAH, pasyiie ce, a^ jo h ca cbhh aPJ^^^i^Jb no^osaj namnx 
onxy^eHHBa; 3a xo ce n &eroBO npHSHase ne cie ycBOJnxH 
xoB OHaBO OMBOy 603 A&^OF Hpn6paH>a n HcnHXHBa&a AOBasa* 

(') H4. 37. 



EHr^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPDCKA HOPOTA 



161 



Iloae Te Majie npHMeA(5e o Tone upHSHaay onTyaeHH- 
KOBOM Ha upoTpecy, a& ce spaTHMO na aslavl tos H3Bfl^aH>a. 

Ho CBpraeTKy onTyaeHHKOBor HcnHxa oa cipaHe npeA- 
ceAHHRa, HHajy npaBO h uopoTHHi(H, sao h ApsasHH TysH^ai( 
Aa ra ynHxajy mxa xotejy. CaMO neynyTHa nHTaaa npeA- 
ceAHHR Mosie oa^hth; a;iH He h ona, Koja 6h CMaTpao sa 
cyBHoiHa. 3a tmh npeAceAHHS nopoTHor cyAa npnciyna hc- 
nHxy cBeAOKa. 

Gboaoqe qesajy hoshb y co6h sa h>hx napo^HTO OApe- 
t^eHoj ; BHX npeAceAHHK no3HBa h HcnHTyje jeAHor no jeAHor. 
Eo 6yAe HcnHTan, oh ocxaje y ceAflHi(H noporaor cyAa, AOK^e 
CBH CBeAOAH He ($H 6njin HcnHiaHH. Taso je c xora, a^ ce 
OHH He 6vL jeAaH c ApyrHM cacrajaAH h AoroBopa^H. 

KaA npeAceAHHR CBpmH hchmt RaRBor CBeAORa OHAa h 
csaRH nopoTHHR H Apa^ABHE TysH4ai(, a H ($paHHJiaii onry- 
seHHROB, na h caH onTyseHHR HMajy npano a^* craBJ&ajy 
nHTaH>a CBeAORy, Roja ohh Hal^y sa noTpe^na. To Bpme upeRo 
npeAceAHHRa. Hy h OBAe BpeAH oho, mxo cmo HanpeA RasajiH 
npeAceAHHROBOM npaBy cnpaM ^HeynyTHHx"^ hjih ^cyBHm- 
hhx* nBTafta. 

Cbh CBeAOi(H no^aaty na r^aBHOM npeipecy saKwieiBy, 
Aa cy HCTHHy RasajiH. 

To 6HBa nocjie BHXOBor ncRasa. 

IlocJie Tora nsHoce ce npeA noporae cyAHJe h ocTa;iH 
AORasH, aRO hx Hia. 

Ham nopoTHH saRon HHFAe ne Rase, xobe ahl ce nocjie 
CBera Tora AonycTHTH roBop ap^abhom xyaKHOiiy h 6paHHony 
onTyaceHHROBOM. 

Hy cyACROM npaRTHROM BeL je yiBpt^eno obo ABOJe : 
a.y HooAe CBera Tora HMa pe? ap^abhh lyacH^ait, rojh 
npeMa crafty CTBapn uosae ajsiiy n a& HSMeHH; h 
6.. /I,a saBpniHy peq HMa tfpanH^ait onTysenHROB. 

rJACHBK LXIX. 11 



162 EHr^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA U CPnOKA nOPOTA 

Ta cyACKa npaRTiBa pasBH^a ce ko^ihko hs caxe npn- 
poAe CTBapH, TOAHRO H H8 OHOF Bcti HaBeAOHor qjiana 56. 
3&K0Ha nopoTH, no roh6 h boa nopoTHor cyt^e&a Base 
0ApeA(5e onmTer KasHenor nocTynKa, a oBaj Mel^y thm na- 
pe^yje to o(Joje('). 

To je, y r;iaBHOH, qeo tok HSBHl^a&a na npexpecy npoA 
HamHM nopoTHHM cyAOMy H THMe ce y Jbaho saBpmyje h8- 
BH^aae na npeipecy h Hacxaje A^jbii paA. Hy o tomo feeio 
Aa roBopHMO y ApyruM OABMHita oBe pacnpaBe ; a caAa a^ 
aaBpmHHO roBop o oboh OAej&By pacnpaBC^ h a^ npel^OHO Ha 
H»6H A^^H pasBoj. 

(hactabhtve ce). 



(') $S-4>H 205. H 514. KasHeHor nocxynna. 



CBEHAHM CKyn CPnCKOrA YHEHOr APyUlTBA 

11 Maja 1886, 
y cnoMOH 

BeceAa GrojaHa BomROBHla. 

/louimoBttHu 36ope 

Kea npeiiHHe BpeAaH h yrjieAan ^OBeK y jeAHOj onmiMH, 
Taj ry(jHTaE oceta ce h jKajiH, a eokojhhkobo hmo Ay^o ce 
c noniTOBaBei noMHH»e. KaA yMpe y HapoAy jeAan oa npcHH- 
JHX AyAH, KOJH ce AyroM nofflieHOM My»(5oM seiiAH CBOjoj 
H Ha BaaiHHM nojiosaJHHa oaaheobro, H>eroBH ApyroBH h sp- 
fflftaijH oceiajy npasHHHy mio nocTaje BeroBOM cMpky, le h 
y HapoAHOM ce&afty cnoMen My XBaTa sopena. A naA OBaj 

CB6T C Se^HTHH HpOMeHH ^OBGE, KOJH J6 y OBaKO CAa60M H 

pasABojenoM napoAy Kao bito je nani, cbojhm AyxoM ysjieiao 

y BHCHHe, C KOJHX ce 0(jHMa H rp^lH TSfiAO CpncTBo, qoBeK kojh 

je CBOJHH njieMeHHTHM cpi^eH sarpesao h ohjiocoockhm yMOM 
ocBeTji»aBao h naJAaj&e RyxoBe napoAHor MopajiHor h bojih- 
THqRor acHBOia : OBAa cnoMeny TaBora pexKor Gp^BHa, Bayq- 
BHRa I AP»aBBHKa, AyryjeMO cbh Ay<5oKy BOBrry h XBaviy. 
OBaj CBOMeB OA name cxpaae BBJe noTpedaa OBOMy, ko 
je 3a Be^HTOCT paAHO. Ho noTpe6aH je h KopHCxaB 3a yr^OA 
H;ia^HM BapanrraJHia, a cpuy Bamei yr^AaB, r&hsh b npo- 

CBeTH CpnCROJ AOCTOJaB. 



164 CBE^AHH CKyn CPnCKOFA y«IEHOr APVniTBA 

EaAa ce cyBpeHeHHi^H c noMsoM OAasiBjby npexa pa^y 
H nojaBU CBOJHX Bflt^eHHJHx j&yAH H BaA hh no CMpxH npa- 
BH^HO oiteftyjy TpyA h caBecne paAOBe sa onniTy cTBap, xHie 
ce H HapoAHa cbbct pasBHJa CBe 6oji>e. TaAa ce ycnex h qacna 
Ae^a nojeAHHaita Hcin^y jaqe na noBpmirHy, npe^asetB y 
onmTy HapoAHy Mopa^Hy h nojiainqKy xeKOBKHy, A tab onmiH 
HeMap 3a aciBoia i 3a($opaB noc^e CHpiH npaxe poAOJi»y6HBe 
TpyAtfeHHRe, TaHo ce xajio no Hajio ry6H cBecx h MHcao na* 
poAHa. TaMO n ocBehena HCTopncsa npoAa&a hb npomjiocTH 
necTajy, le h CBexjinjH HAeaAH y caAamibocxH h 6yAytiHocxH 
ry6e ce. 



Ho JtydaBH mojhx ApyroBa y OA^opniia Yqenor Apj- 
mxBa HaMeH>eHO mh je, Aa obom CBeqanox npHJiHKOH roBopnii 
y cnoMeH noKOJnoii A^MHxpHJy MaxHty, xe Aa KpynnHJAM 
iq)xaHa o^e^emflx H>eroB o($HJiaxH paA na cpncsoj sftH3H n 
npocBexH, Kao h y Ap^aBHoj noyinxHUH. Bojbh ce, neLy yxexn 
AOBOJbHO A^ HBHeceM sna^aj H>eroBa ueyHopna ^uiBoxa, hh 
AOHamaj H>eroBHx paA0Ji>y6nBHX mej>a h xes&a^ hh BpeAHOcx 
H>eroBHX ApsaBHHqsHx Ae^a, hh Ay<$HHy &eroBHX oh;ioco«- 

CKHX MHC4H, HH JBAPBHy H>erOBHX BftHSeBHHX H npOCBeXHHX 

paAOBa. 3a obo 6h xpe((a^o qeBaxH, aok 6h ce ($jiara cjinsa 
namera Henpeaa^enor Apyra BHme OAMaKJia y nponuocx, xe 
(Jh ce fteroBe npane 3acjiyre h Bp^Hne Morjie npHKasaxH y ny- 
HHJeM 6.aecKy, ho h fterone npnpoAHe cjia(5ocxH h neAocxaxan 
H36^eAeAH 6h Rao xaoa obo cjaJHHX 3Be3Aa. 

A OCHH xora, 3a OBaso CBeqany npn^Ry xpe6ajio 6h 
nome (Jhxh h MHpnHJer AynieBHor pacno^oaaja, no nixo 6hx 
caAa Morao HMaxH ja, jeAan HSMet^y Haj(JjiH»HX ^HqnHX h no- 
jiHXHMBHX noBOJHHBOBHx HpHJaxejba. Te (JojaxH ce, Aa bojihbo 
roA (5hx ja ate^ieo a* aocxojho npHsaaeii a^J^^ h sna^aj 
aHBOxa noBOJHor MaxHLa, xo^hbo Moae (Jhxh c Apyre cxpane^ 



CBEqAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA VHEHOr APVniTBA 165 

sejietiH Aft ce npE^jiHSHit hcthhh, ne na^eH Bimie noAOCTa- 
Tasa, HO niTO ($h no npaBAH xpetfajio. Ho nomTO oe HHcav 
xorao HBHaiiH oa OBora TemRor ho qacHor no3HBa, TpyAHhj 
ce Aft ce OTMeM oa cbhjj npo^iasHHx oceLaja h cjiyqaJHHx JtyA- 
CKHX npH^iHKa, Te a* y roBopy y cnoMeH AHMHTpijy MaxHty 
CTaneH ro^hso je norytiHO, Ha seHJbnniTe os^HibHe h npaBn^ne 
oitene KapasTepa, hhcjih, A6^a h sacjiyra noROJHHKOBHX, npH- 
KaayjyhH cByAa rAe roA ce jaBH, KopncTan yxHuaj fteroBa 
sHBOxa E paAa, ho n 6e^emetin npoMamse h npasHKHe, tao 
6fl ce nanuie. Gxapaly ce, a^ roBopHH o oboh oajih^hom 
cpncROM Hay^HRy h AP^aBHHRy onaRO, RaRO mh ce qHHfl, 
Aa 6h h OH caM hotbpaho, RaA 6h Han caA fls Be^HTOCTH 
lorao nporoBopHTH. 

I 

/[.HXHTpHJe Maxnli npnuaAa y oho rojio npocBe&eHHX 
cpncRHX CHHOBa, ROJH ce Ha HSHaRy npne h y noqexRy APjre 
nojioBHHe OBora BeRa jaBHHie y Hameii napoAy na noBpniHHH 
yMHora h ho^hxh^rop noRpexa, ca jacHO o((e^6seHEM xes 
H»aHa : aa ce HapoA y RHeseBEHE Gp($EJE nyxex npocBexe e 
HayRO y Ay^y cbojex ecxopecrex npeAaH»a e na ochobe c;io- 
<$0AHEX ycxanoBa HOBEJera AO^a pasBEja ii cnpexa 3a Be^ERE 
saAaxaR ocjio((ol^efta e yjeAE&efta GpncxBa. 

7 noAEXEqROH norjieAy boaejio ce obo ro^o H^ia^EX 
jbyAfl npeAaH»Exa cxape cpncRe Apacase, y BesE ca jacHEM 
OAJeROM cjiaBe e ycnexa npBor e Apyror cpncRor ycxaHRa y 
no^exRy OBor BeRa, y BesE ca cjaJHEH xoROBEHaHa hobex Apy- 
rnxBOHEX Haqejia e aP^^bhex ycxanoBa, Roje oa BpexeHa 
«paHiiecRe peBo;iyiiEJe npeo^pasEme sebox e ysajaxHe oa- 
Hoce jenponcREx napoAa. Y xoh npanity obo rojio BHt^eHHJEX 
x^a^Hx jbyAE OHora BpeMena 3aMEmj&axy Beh neAajieRy ho- 
rybnocx: a^ ce noAErne HOBa caMocxajina cpiCRa Aps^Ba, 



166 cBEMAHM cKvn cpncKOFA vqEHor ^pyniTBA 

ERO H6 y /l^ymaHOBBH, a oho y HeHaibBHUH rpaHRitaMa y sa- 
jeAHBQH ca ocxa^HH cpncsn h jyaLH0-c^0B6HCBHM seMj^aMa, 
n y caBesy c 6a;iKaHCBHM ir AyHaBCKBM HapoAHMa. 

y TaBBOM fl,yxj pasBHJajia ce oHora BpeHeea HHcao o 
Be^HEOM napoAHOM noBpeiy, kojh (Jh y sroAHOM xpeHyrKy 
KopHCieliH ce onmioM sadyeoH y JeBponn, icRynHO 6opA6 
H3 CBHJy cpncBHX 8eMaji>a, xe noA sacraBOM oc;io6o1^efta yje- 
AHHHO o6jiacTJi cpncBe na BajiKaHCBOM nojiyocrpBy. B^aAa 
H BHes cpncBH no MHinji>eH>y OAymeBJbeHe OM;iaAHHe, Mopajii 
6n TaAa npHciaiH ys oninTH noBpeT. IIperpaAe ea Ap^^^? 
Ha KonaoHHBy h na Thmoby najie 6h nat^HOHi^BOH ch;iom. 
TpaAOBH lypcBH y Cp6HJH (Jpso 6fl ce yaejiH, Kocobo Ch ce 
0CBeTH;i0y GpnoTBO 6h ce yjeAHHHJio, na h cyceAHHH napo- 
AHia npnjaTejbCBy pyBy npyatn^o. 

OsaBH Ayx rajen je oHora A0(5a y namoj hibojicboj OM^a- 
AHHH, Boja ce ca cbojhm npocBeiHHH h naiiHOHa^iHHM Tea^H^aia 
cycpexajia h 6paxHHnjia ca cpncBiM oH^aAHHCBHH Apy^nnana 
y HoatyHy, HemxH h A^AHije y Hobom CaAy. A nonexapait 
jymno-c^OBeHCBBX sejba ysajaiiHocxH h 6paxcxBa oeehao ce 
npeA Mal^apcsy pesojiyi^HJy hs 3arpe(Ja h c jaApancBor Upn- 
Hopja cBe ^HBJbe. 

E&HseBHo H nayqno odpaaoBBBe xaAaH>e ;iHi^ejcBe ouia- 
AHHe y ABe roAHne oh;ioco*cbhx, h xpn roAHHe npaBHHX h 
ApaaBHHX naysa OAp^aBano je Ha bhchhh aEaAeMCBe nacxase 
BpcHHM H yrjieAHHM npo®ecopHMa, Me^y'BojflMa ce oco6hxo 
Hcxnqy HMena : HcHAopa GxojanoBHLa h JanBa IIIaoapHBa 3a 
Hcxopnjy, Bocxe BpanBOBHlia sa ^n^oco^njy, ByBa MapeH- 
BOBBlia 3a o^nsHBy, Exn^Hjana JocBHosaha 3a laxeMaxHBy, 
AHUnxpBJa Maxnla 3a rpal^ancBO h aP^^bho npano, Eocxe 
S^yBfltia sa napoAHy eBOHOMBJy b ^nnaHCBJy, "Bop^ Q^eHBiia 
3a BpuMBHajiHO npaso, BjiaABMBpa JaBmBba 3a cxaxBCXBBy, 
MaxHJe Bana aa ^paniiecRH jesHB h AHxepaxypy. Ho mxo 
e acHBox H ysajaMHe nese H3Mel^y xaAaniBHX npooecopa h 



CBE^AHU CKVn CPnCKOFA yHEHOF 4PymTBA 167 

^Ba oco6hthh seaqajeM o6eJiemn4o y BpeHe, saA totobo y 
jifiAoj sanaAHoj h cpeAH>oj JeBponn^ na h y cpncsoM napoAy 
c osy H c OHy CTpany Case n /l^yHaBa^ hobb nojiHTH^se n 
ApynrrBene HAeje, HAeje napoAHOCTBr, HAeje cjio(5oAe h (Jpax- 
CTBa no^eme aa Kpeby cbhi yHosHMa, cbih peAosHHa rpa- 
^ancKor ApyinTBa h napoAa: to je oho lonjio oceliaH>e aa- 
jeAHHqRor saAaxsa Ha noj&y Hayse h npocBexe, to ey ohh 
sajeAHHqRH Ay^oBHH HHTepecH H sajeAHH^se napoAHO h qo- 
Be^aHcse hhc;ih, to cy ohh bhcorh HAeja^n Be^HTor pasBHTRa 

qOBC^aHCTBd H CROpOI 0CA0(Jot)eH>a CpnCTBa, CBeTH HAejajiH, 

ROJFMa cy CTapHJH H MJiat)H yHHH paAHHiiH Rao BpcHa 6paiia 
CJioaRHO t6sh;ih 3a cpeby h cnacese OTai^^HHe, na RopncT 
lOBeTOHCTBy H y MaBy nayRe. 

7 xaRBHM npHJiHRaHa AO^eRaHH cy bbjihrh ho^hth^rh 
Aora^JH, ROJH y 1848 h 1849 toahbh noTpecome Jenpony 
a HaJBHHie cyceAHy aycTpoyrapcRy Monapxnjy, to h Cp6HJy 
H fteny oHMAHHy AOxnaTHHie. IlapncRa oe6pyapcRa peBO^y- 
^Hja OAJeRHy rpoMOBBTO y Htbjihjh, y Pniy, TypHHy, Mh- 
jiany h Benei^HiH, y HeMa^oj y Bepjinny h $paHR^ypTy, 
y BaAeHCROj h CaRCOHCROj, y AycTpHJH y Be^y, Ilpary, Ile- 
niTH, 3arpe6y h KapjiOBitHma, na h y CptfnJH y BeorpaAy 
H KparyjeBijy, J BepAHny npoAH ce RpB y cyR0(5y nsMet^y 
BojcRe H napoAa na tfapHRaAaMa, xe RpajbOBHli npecTo;io- 
HacJieAHHR (6paT Rpaj&eB, AOKHHJe i^ap Bnibeii) Hsat^e npoA 
HapoA, Aa MHpHHM fl (JjiarHM nyTGH yTHma (Jyny. Y $paHR- 
«ypTy cacTa ce neiiaqRa ne^iHRa napoAHa cRynmTHHa h3 no- 
CJiaHHR& CBHJy HeHaqRHX Rpaw'beBHHa h RHesseBHHa, xe nonyAH 
npycROM Rpaj!»y i(apcKy Rpyny, Rojy oBaj ne npHMH h3 pyny 
HapoAHHX sacTynHHRa, ocTaBJbajyiiH a^ je npHMH AOi^nnje H>e- 
roB cpetHHJH 6paT h npecTO^ioHacjieAHHR H3 pyay nejiHRor 
Ranitejiapa h nenaqRHx RHeatena y Bepca^y. Y Beqy peBO- 
•^yn^ja y3e Max h i(ap $epAHHaHAO MopaAe (JeaaTH y Th- 
pojicRy. y Ilpary qemRo-c^oBencKH napoAHH noRpeT ao(5h 



168 cBEqAUH cKvn cpncKorA yqEHor APyuiTBA 

cBe^aHor Hspasa y c;iOBeHCROH KOHrpecy, kojh ce pacryps 
BuHABinrpeiiOBHM TonoBHHa. Y TLewrnL Ma^apn c BomyTOM 
cacTaBe HesaBHcny napoAHy B^a^y h nycTe ce y pax c Ay- 
cxpHJoM, oc^a&ajyiiH ce na HxajiHJy h IIoybaBe, a ys^HJa- 
jy&H saBOHHTe Tpas^HHO n HCTopncRa npaBa xpBaxcBor h 
cpncKor HapoAa y YrapcKoj. 

TaAa ce cacxa sejiHsa napoAHa csynrnxiHa npeBocaB- 
CBBX Cp($a Ha AftH 1 laja y KapjioBitHMa, c naHepoM, Aa 
yjeMTO npaBa cpncKor HapoAa y CpeMy, Baeaxy, Ba^Koj, 
G^aBOHHJH H XpBaxcBOJ npeiia aycxpoyrapcBoj ap^^bh h 
EpyHH, Aa H86epe cpncEor BoJBOAy h cpncKor naxpHjapa i 
Aa ypeAH napoAHH oxnop h 6op6y npoxHBy nacHjiHe Mat^ap- 
cse npeB^acxH, a y noBopHocTH npexa npecxo^iy i^apcKor 
Xanc6ypniKor AOMa. OBaj nospex cpncEor napoAa y Yrap- 
CEoj noApsaBaAa je CHasno xaAa&a BJiaAa EHeseBHHe Cp- 
6HJe, Hajnpe CBOJesoibi^BMa h HOBqaHa, a nocjie bojceoh no 
nonKcy h3 OEpyrft, c HsyaexEOii IHyMaAHJe. AHHacxHWH h Be- 
^HEamRH HHxepece nMa^n cy jaEy npexery y cyA^OHOcnnM nn- 
xa&HMa : Aft ah a^ ce noHase Gp6Hia m BoJBOAOBHHe npo- 
XHBv Mat^apfi. GHMnaxHJe sa namy oHocxpany tfpaiiy 6H^e cy 
JHEe, HO OBaj pax HHJe 6ho nony^apan y Gp((HJH. Ovpasa 
c Mal^apHMa Eao Aa je chjioh naMexHyxa (^hm, jep je ($eq- 
EOM EaiapHAOM noxnnpena. BoJBOAa ToMa ByqHt HHJe oao- 
(Jpanao IHyMaAHHqHMa Aa HAy H THHy ^npeEoBape.*" H3- 
r;ieAajio je npHpoAHHJe h naiiexHHJe xpasHXH cpncsa npana 
y Gp^HJH H upeBO cpncBHx rpaHnqa y TypcEoj, h4h MnpHO 
ceAexH roa Ey&e, Hero sanal^axH ce c BeEOBHHM cyceABna Ma- 
t^apHHa, c EOJHHa cmo ^ecxo jeAnaEy cyA^Hny Hxajiny noia- 
raxH CHJiHOJ AycxpHJH h qeEaxH oa ftene ne^iHEOAyniHOCxH 
HarpaAy. 

Ho cxapH H HJiaAH 0($peHOBHL chhijih cy ($hjih hs Be^a 
AOJie y XpBaxcEy h BoJBOAOBHHy, Aa ce Hat^y (JAHae cpncEOM 
napoAy, a oa cxpane cpncEe B^iaAe ynyxH ce qyBeHu jynaE 



CBEMAHU CKVn OPHCKOrA vqEHor 4PyniTBA 169 

CieBaH EHHtaHHH, a* npeABOAH cpdHJancKy bojckj npoTHsy 
Ma^apa y cnopasyMy c xpaaTCEHii tfaHOK Je^a^nLeM h ay- 
cipHCKHM ^6HepajiHMa. Yc^OA Tora, 0($P6hobhLh ce yKJioHHine 
OA cpncKHX rpaHHiia. GptfHJaHCRH CBOjeBOibiiB h BOJCKa h3 
cBBJy jyroneToqHHX, jyrosanaAHHX h MopaBCKHX ospyra, BHine 
OA A^ceT XHJbaAa tfopame ce iiejie OHe Ayre shmc ao npo- 
jieLa 1849 roAHHe xpatfpo, sajeAHo c rpaHHqapHMa h boj- 
Bo^aHflMa y MHorHK 6ojeBHMa no Banaiy h Ba^Eoj. 

Ho oTyAa HHJe tfujio HHRasBe npaBe RopiCTH cpncROM 
HapoAT. HcTHHa^ TOK npHJiHROM noTBpAHJia ce npeA CBeioM 
sajeAHHiia cpncRor h xpBaicRor napoAa y OA^paHH npoTHB 
npeBJiacTH Ty^er nJieMena. Ajih je thh y hcto Ao6a peBo- 
JiyilHOM noRpei y CptfaJH rojh ce 12 jyjia 1848 ycraHROM 
Beorpal^Ha npoiHBy xypcRHX cxpasa y BaponiH nojaBH y 
onacHOM o6jiHRy, OABpaLen hs CBora npaBor Ropaxa Ha Apyry 
ca CBHM HenpHpoAHy cipaHy. 7 MecTo a^ cmo y loj onmTOJ 
3a6yHH y JeBponn a noMoky PycHJe h sanaAHHx cn^a ipa- 
sHJiH Aft ce TypAH cejie hs Hamnx rpaAOBa, a Bochh, Xep- 
iteroBEHH h Gxapoj Gp6HJH aa ce A^Ay HeRa aBTOHOnna npana: 
KH y TOM npaBiiy hhcko xaAa hh jeAHor RopaRa y^HHHJiH, 
Hero CMO ce JiyAO, Rao h BHme nyia, a^-^h ynorpetfHTH 3a 
opy^a xy^HHCRHx HHTepeca. Hnje Ayro uoc^e Tora nponwo, 
a GptfHJa ce Mopa^a cnpenaxH na OA^pany npoxHBy naBajie 
c re Here CTpane. — Ma^apcRH napoA HHJe Morao sa Ayro 
satfopaBHTH, ROJiHRO My je mieTe Hanejio, hito ce Cp6HJa y 
1848- H 1849 jMema^ia y 6op6y H»eroBy c AycipHJoM y ro- 
pHCT yrapcRHx Cp6a h y noinopy aycrpncRe CHJie. Obo 3JI0- 
HaMhene Ma^pcRO npeMa Gp6HJH jacHo ce noRasa iioae kh- 
xoBor j!3MHpeH»a c AycTpHJOM y 1867 roAHHH. Gne nojiHTHTOe 
na roTOBO h iipRBene noBJiacxHue cpncRor HapoAa y Yrap- 
CROj tfHHie yRHflyxe hjih Ha HaJMaity vepy CBeAene. A npn- 
^HROM Hamer nocjieAH>er paxa c TypcROM Ma^apH He caMO 
HITO otfpnynie CBOje CHMnaiHJe TypuHMa^ nero BpakajykH mh;io 



170 CBE^AHH CKVn CPnCKOFA vqEHor JPymTBA 

aa Aparo, HacHjiHHM cpeACTBHMa npHieronie Hamy 6paLy y Yrap- 
CROJ, le Han OBH H6 Koroine noMokn he aa A^cetn a^o OHora, 
mTO CMo MH H>HHa y Ma^apcKOM paTy ^hehjih. BaAasa cy name 
napoAHe CHMnaTHJe y 1859 h 1866 foahhe 6iiM otfpHyTe 
la^iHJaHCKoj, HeiaqRoj h iia^apcKoj CTBapH. Y Mel^yHapoAHOj 
nojiHTHAH BpeAe Ma;io rojie CHMnaTHJe, a BHme h totobo je- 
AHHO CTBapne yaajauHe ycjiyre h HHiepecH. Ma;ia CapAHHHJa 
ca CBOJBX 15 XHibaAa BOJCKe, mio A^Ae y noMot $paHi^e- 
CKoj H HnrjiecBoj y bpbmckom paxy npoTHBy Pycnje, 3aAo6H 
noMe KpaTKor Bpenena «>paHitecKy nonok oa 150000 npo- 
THBy AyCTpHJe, H THM CTBOpH TaJIHJaHCKO jeAHHCTBO, Koje 

AOBpiDH y caBesy e IIpycHJOM 1866 roAHHO, na caA shbe 

H C AyCTpHJOH y Haj60ibHM npHJaT6jI»CKHM OAHOCHia. 

y SHa^aJBHM Aoral^aJHua cpncKor noKpexa y YrapcKOJ 
HMao je H noKOJHH ^.HMHTpHJe MaiHt y no^eiKy SHaray yjiory. 
To My je H 60jia npBa BaKHHJa nojaBa na noBpniHHH HapoA- 
Hor nojiHTH^Kor atHBOxa. Oh, pol^eH y nHxoMOM Cpeiiy, Ha- 
nojoH cpncRHM napoAHHii a^xom, o^6Jin^6H ctoje^khm o6pa- 
soBaseM y BBmHM mBOJiaMa y KparyjeBiiy, aok je xaMO 6BJia 
cxo^TBi^a HOBe Cp6HJe, a sa xhm saAaxeyx ^hjiocoocbhm h 
(viodoAoyiiHHM TemH>aMa Boje je ca HSBopa na sanaAy no- 
upnao, 6aBeLn ce y Hena^Koj h $paHiiecKoj neKo^HKO ro- 
AHHa H y Bpeie caMora peBo^yi^noHor noKpexa, KaA ce BpaxH 
y oxai^6HHy, 6fio je no naJBHl^eHHJH npeACxaBHHK BejiHRe cpn- 
cKe MB an npeo^pa^Kene cnexjioniiiy hobhx Hay^HBx, Apym- 
xBeHHX H qoBe^ancKHX HAeja. 

C xora je niiao najBeker yxHuaja na OMJiaAnny. ReroBe 
jieKitHJe, fteroBH caBexH, aeroBa pe^iixocx n ncKpenocT, ae- 
roB npHMepHH atHBOx h aeroBO Apy»efte — CBe xo npHB^a- 
miAo je CHJiHO fteroBe y^enHKe, na n Apyre, kojh 6h My ce 
npH6;iHJKH;iH h nosna.iH Ay^Hny H>eroBa yMa, n;ieMeHHT0CT 
fteroBe Aynie h xonjioxy aeroBa cp^a. Bho je BeoMa cBMna- 
TH^ne HapaBH, OAymeBAen sa cBaKO nJieMeHHxo noAyseLe h 



CBEHAHH CKVn CPllCKOrA VMEHOr APyUlTBA 171 

Aejio, roTOBo yBeK AO({poc;iyTa, noHHp^HB, BpeAaa h pa^aH 
TaKo, Aa My ce ^hhhjio Rao ^a My ce HHniTa ne Moae oiexH. 
y HayqHBM Ha^e^Hia, r^e je (5ho no cbojoj cxpyuH jas, CJia6o 
je nonyniTao, ho 6ojtHM pasjiosHMO HHJe ce onnpao, xpameLH 
CBaKaA Aft ce o6aBecTH h a^ H^e sa BpeMenoM. 

H>eroBa mHBa pe^ ?ecTo je BHine ocBajajia, ho H»eroBH 
CHHCH. HoBeK MeKe Ayme y Kojy cy ^aKo npoAHpaM yne- 
qaii^H ja^HX yMOBa, oh ce cBaRora BeLer uocjia npHXBaiHO 
c BejiHKOM »yp6oy, KaA hito h npeHarAeno. Ho KaA 6h Ha- 
Hmao Ha BeLe npenpene, ocraB^i^ao 6n ne ^najieiiH mhoio. y 
cjieA paHHJe atHB^ane a nosHHJe oprancKe norpeniKe y cpuy 
6ho je BaA mxo jaRo pasApaaiibHB npeMa M.iai)HMa, no cnarAa 
npannqaH h nonycT^HB. Tyi^a naTH>a, sacjiymena h;lh nesa- 
ciymeHa, AHpajiH ra je h yseR y fteMy cajKajbeae 6yAHjia. 
y jaBHOM ^RHBoxy Rao qoBeR H rpa^annn 6ho je sa yxjieA, 
a y npHBaxHOM Ao6ap Apyr h cpoAHHR, Bpcxan npHJaxe.^t, 
HRROMe HHRaAa nenpnjaxe^ nn 3;LonaMXHJio, yAa^en oa cnaRe 
cn;iexRe h ocBexe. /(.oMahn n nopoAH^an s^hbox 6ho My je 
HaJMBJiHJH ; xy ce ocetao y nynoj cpetn h aaAOBOACXBy OBora 
CBexa. S3 nncaMa Roja je nncao CBOjoj HJiaAOJ neBecxn Rao 
nporaeHHAH, or^eAa ce ^ncxa Ay6aB MJiaAor cpiia nanojenor 
njieMCHHXHM AyACRHM oceLaftBMa; xy OAJeRyjy xohobh *hjio- 
co^CRor Ayxa, rojh najcBexnjy xajny mnnoxa, Jty6aB, ocBe- 
xMBa Be^HXHM upHpoAHHM nojanaMa h saRonnMa, HAeaJinme 
je H xyMa^H y Ropncx napoja h qone^ancxBa. SKencRy cxpany 
yanocH y BHcnne BHJiflHCRHX AyxoBHHX h napaBcxBennx C4»epa, 
y ROJHMa qoBCR H atena cacxaBAajy hob cBex h cxBapajy hob 
SRBox sa ce6e, npeotfpaa^anajyiiH ce n AonyiLyjyiiH xe;iecHo 
H AyxoBHo y BeMxocxH. Cbojoj Aenm paAO je cftM Aasao na- 
cxaBy H noyRe, na h rophchhm h 3a6aBHHM RH>HraMa, ns ro- 
JHX je yienme npHMepe ^ecxo nonaBAao h upHMeftHBao y cbo- 
joj RytiH. ABe cxapHJe Rkepn paAO je 3Bao HMenHMa Asejy 
HAeMeHHXHX CHpOXH^a H3 JCAHOF BeoMo HosHaxor *paH^ecRo^ 



1 72 CBE^iAHH CKyn cpncKorA yqEHor 4PyniTBA 

poMEHE, (Be^HTH JjAa Le Juif Errant); poMan je, 
H3 BpeMena KaA je noBpakeHa 6yp6oflCKa B^iaAa y canesy ca 
R^epHEa^ilHMa h jesyJHTHMa pa^HJia aa ocHasH cxapn no^H- 
THTOH H ApyniTBeHH HopeAaK ^no 6oatHJoj mhjiocth*', a Aa 
noTKpeme h ocaKaTH a^ao pcBOJiyiiHie. MaiHii aao a* je 
c;iyTBO, Aft ^e My Aei^a jom nejaRa ocTaxH eflpo^aA, 6e3 MaJKe, 
TO he HM OH H oi^a H Hajsy saMeHHiH. 3ao yACC cyA($HHe HHJe 
ra Morao oa xora ry^HTKa nomTBAeTH, a HHJe ra MHMOHinao 
HH jom TeatH yAap, ry^HiaK ABOJe Apare Aeiie ; KaKo to (Jojih, 
Mory 3HaTii caio ohe, rojh cy h c&mh HMajiH Ty necpetiy. 

y nO^HTH^ROK mUBOTy HOROJHH /(.HMBTpHJe MaTHL Ap- 

sao ce HSBecHHX cxajinjix CJio6oAoyHHBx naqejia, RoJHMa je 
npeMa npH^iHRaHa, npena cHa3H cBOJoj c^ysHO a CBaiAa jaB- 
EMM H 3aR0HHTHM nyTeK, CTapajy&H ce Aa hk npntfaBH ycaexa 
n nomTOBafta. H>eroB paA y obom npaBi^y 6ho je CRpoMan, 
TBx H OAMepen, ho CBaiAa HCRpcH h 6e8 pa3]ieTaH>a, cnaiAa 
flOMHp^HB H HocpeAHu^RH MB^y RpaJHOcTKMa, Me^y npOTHB- 
HH^RHM jbyAHMa H cTpaHRaHa. Bho je cpehan, RaA 6u My 
ce Aa.Aa npn^HRa, Aa noMorne h HaJMaH>eM ycnexy cbojhx 
Haqejia y obom npaBity. A HHJe ce mhofo aecTBO, aRo 6h bh- 
AeOy Aa Ma ^hjom npenpeROM h rpebhiiom 0CTBapeH>e obex 
Haqejia b Teateaa OAMHqe AaJBe y HeESBecBocx. y obom ho- 
rjieAy ob je 6ho BErae nacEBne npEpoAe; y ApynixBy e eoa 
yxEuajeM ja^EX jtyAE noAysBMABB, oAymeBibeH e nyn enep- 
FEJe^ a ocaM^en e tfes ApymxBa ibyAH ROJEMa 6e Morao cjie- 
AOBaxB, o6h?ho 6eo je cnop e ysAP^^HB. y M^ia^HM roAflflaMa, 
Rao E MHOFE ApyrE, jaBJi»ao ce MaxEb y cbojhm aayqEHM pa- 
AOBEMa E Ha RaxeApE c neoMa jacHo o6e;iemeHEM HanpeAHEM 
EAejaMa b ApyinxBeBEM Baqe^iBMa. Ho y npaRXEiBOJ eojibteeb 
HO fleB0Ji»E cjieAyjyltE napxECRoj AHciiEn;iHHE ocxajao je RaA 
HiTO E3a one Mepe^ Roja ce Mopa oApeABTE ApasaBHERy rojh 
AaAe E noy3AaBO weAa y npomjiocx h tfyAytnecx cBora Ba. 
poAa. Ho Mopa ce npHBBaxH, Aa ce AyAH, Ae^a h Aoral)aja 



CBEMAHii CKyn cpncKOFA yqEHor apviutba 17 3 

y caAamfteH pasBojy cpucKor napoAa He Hory Ta^HO HopETH 
H cyAHTH HCTOM MepoM, Koja BpoAH y ApyrHM CpeLHHJHM H 
HanpeAHHJHM seMJLaia, Roje cy Bek paenje HSflmjie h3 m6h& 
no.iHTHqfiHx noTpeca h peBOJiyi(HJa, h r^e cy HSBecne npaBne 
H ycTaBHe TeKOBHHe Aotfnjie BeKOBHiia n oa BHine c;io6oa- 
Hflx KOJiena noTBpAy h ocBeteae. Koa nac je cBe obo ro- 
TOBO join y aa^exKy h y Bpefty, roxoBO HHmTa cHrypHo, 
HfliBTa cxa^iHO HH HSBan cnopa, a cse npoMOHibflBO e nyno 
HSHena^efta. HapoA ce y yHyxpamfteii npaBHOM h Kyjixyp- 
HOM 2KflBoxy na E y cao^HHM xe^H>aMa e OAHocmia K0Jie6a 
Kao CJiaMKa Me^y BEXopEHa, nao ($poA Ha 6ypH0H Mopy, 
HC 3HajyiiH HE jeAHor xpenyxKa, tab he Aa (JaAE KoxBy, bjie 
KOJHM npaBi(6M E Ha Kojy cxpany Aa xpamn cnaceH>a e npE- 
cxaHHHixa. VL obo xaso xpaje Be& BEme oa nojia Bena. Ila 
HHJe ce njjiflTiiy aRo H>eroBE Haj6o^H e najcBecHEJE ^yAE e 
ApataBHEijB KaAfflxo noMexy, xe y 3a6yHE cbojem jaAOM 3a- 
6aBjbeHE, HapoAHOH HecpehoM e AP^aBHOH pymeBEHOE sanpe- 
namkeHE cxany, h toxobo HecBecHo Koxp^ajy ce he3 cxpien, 
RyAa Hx ojiyja ejie 6yJEi](a nonece. HnaR MopaMO npHsnaxE, 
Aa je noROJHE MaxEti e y HajxessEM npEJiERaHa ocxao Bepan 
Ha^eyiEMa npaBor cpncRor poAO^i»y6jE>a, roxoB CBaxAa na jRp- 
XBe 3a cxBap a«o6oAe h yjeAEfteaa napoAHor. 

Ilocjie OBEX RpynHEJEX HanoMBHa o H>eroBOM RapaRxepy 
Aa BEAEHO E3 6AEssie vbevoB jaBHE a&EBox E 3Haqaj H>erOBEX 
KftHxeBHHX E Hay^HEX paAOBa. 



IL 

Ilpe Hero mxo je oxEHiao paAB nayRe Ha cxpane yHE- 
BepcExexe, Maxflk ce BeL oa 1841 jaBj^a y RH>flseBHocxE 
ca ESBecHEM paAOBHMa y npaBiiy Mopa;iHe OEJioco«EJe. He- 
xaH»e /[.ocflxejeBBX A^Jia e ^ebox MapRa ABpe^EJa, 



174 CBEqAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA y^EHOr APyUlTBA 

Raso c&x roBopH y cbojhm tfeJieniRaxa, tfexy My najjiHJiHJa 
AyxoBHa 3a6aBa. 

Oa 1838—1841, EaAa je CBpmHO jlaiiej y CBOjoj Asa- 
Aecexoj roAHHH y KparyjeBiiy, nHcao je h npeBOAHO y IIo- 
AynaBitH h y AoAaiKy CpncKHX HoBHna. Hpsa 
cjiyffi6a 6yiAB, My je Aaia y ^CoBJeiy KaaatecTBa Cptfaje", 
HHcapcKO MecTo. TaAa je Apyre roAHne npeseo h niTaMnao 
y ToAj6vLHiii (IV cBecT^H) jeAaa OAJioMaK h3 ^HoxBaJie 
MapKy Aspe^iHJy, HaftAo6poAtTejibHHeM'L iiapy 
pHMCKOM.* Obo je npeBOA c opaHiiecKor jesMKa no ToMacy, 
^;iaHy AKaAeMHJe. 

Ebo niTa c&M y cbojhm tfejiemRaMa roBopH o cbom pa- 
HHJeM o6pa30BaH>y h o cbojoj npBoj nojaBH y KH>HseBHOCTH. 

„Jom Bao l^aR GpncEor jlHi^eja, bojh caM CBpniHO y TpH 
roAHfle y KparyjeBiiy, npeBOAHO caM c neMaqRor jesHRa oho, 

mTO MH Ce MHHHJIO A06p0. H Rao MJiaA BBaHH^HHR paAO 

npoAysaBao can, ro;ihro can Morao npeBOAHTH na Ham je- 
3HR . . . y onorre qHia&e Hamer /l,ocHTeja h ^hbot Mapna 
AnpeAHJa uMajin cy Be^iHBor yTHi^aja na Mojy M^aAOcr. Ybbr 
Ly ce paAO ceLaiH ohhx qacoBa Roje caM y tom qHTaay npo- 
BOAHO. IIpBO pacy^HBafte o ce6H, Tesfta sHBeiH ho yny h 
neAaTH Max crpacTHMa, HacjiaAa y oceliaH»y poAOiby6iba, naAa 
y OBO A0(5a EaA can no^eo o ce6n mhcjihtm. To je 6hjio 
B^axHO Bpene no Moj paBBHxaR e ycaBpmaBafte. YMexH 
ce6H 3anoBeAaTH, TeniRo je h 3pejiHJeM ^oneRy, a ja 
caM ce Ao6pHM CHHCHMa H npHJiea^HHM qniafteM ynyiiHBaH, 
Bet y TOM A0(5y oa 20-Te roAHHe(^) ynymiao y (5op6y ca 
caMHM C060M. 

„HayRe cy xaAa y Cp6HJH, npena AanarafteM BpeneHy 
H paBBHTRy Hame noAM^a^ene AP^ane h napoAa, HeAOBo;bH0 
y mROJiH npeAaBanei a oco6hto npHpoAna 3Ha&a 6iiJia cy 



*) P04H0 ce 18 aerycTa 1821 roA. 



(') 



CBE^AHH CKVIl CPnCKOfA y^EHor APVniTBA 175 

join jaKo cKy^ena, ab. h6 RaseM ca eBHi HenoBHaia. Ty ocrj- 
AHAj jom E A&HBC y BQAfLKO oceLaMO ('), 6e8 ycaBpmeHHX 
Haysa h ynpaBibaH>a no H>HMa neiia nanpeTsa hh yunor eh 
MaTepHJajiHor. 

^HaxoAeLi ce y eMHrpaAHJH, nacraBiba noROJHHK, no- 
BOAOM no;iHTHqKe flSMene Roja ce y Cp6HJH AoroAHJia npM 
H3MaRy 1842 roAHne, ({aBHO can ce neRo Bpeiie y GpeiicRoj 
PaBaEHiiH. Ty nan^eM y ManacTHpcROJ RftHSHHitH na RH>Hry 
^ecjiepa SKbbot MapRa ABpe^nja. KaA can to y onoj 
caMotiH npouxao, Aonajio mh ce, n ap^^Iih Aa lie aqah. onaRo 
Bajbana pBHCRor iiapa h oH;ioco«a ($bth qa RaRBe RopHcxH no 
Hac, noqneM ra jom TaAa npeBOAHXH. 

,EaA can ceyjecen 1843 roAHne BpaTHO hs eMirpa- 
UHJe y Cp6HJy, mxaMnao caM y no^eiRy 1844 roAHne naj- 
npe noinyno aqao „noxBa;ia MapRy AspeJiHJy* no ToMacy. 
EBaHTHja, luaAa jeAna TpRMfta, npeBe^ia je to na hobo 
rpwH jesHR, a mxaiinaHo je y Gkhphh. IIorojhh ByRamHH 
PaAHfflHii, 6HBniH npo^ecop rpTOor jesHRa y RparyjeBaqROJ 
rHHHasHJH, Roje can h ja neRo BpeMe nHTOMaii 6ho, noRa- 
3ao MH je TO j[,eAo. EaA caH ra ynopeAHO ea ohhm mojhm 
npeBOAOM yPo^y^BiiH niTaMnaHHrf; naraao can Aa je noT- 
nyHHJe. Y ohoh OAymeBJbetty, a* c6 Aotfpe noyRe y nameM 
HapoAy mfipe, ja AonynnM cBoj npe^mfti npeBOA h mTaH- 
nan ra y oco^enoj RH>HSH^H. Eojihro can Morao cnasHTH, Ta 
EftHavHqa yqHHHJia je Ao6ap yne^aTaR h paAO cy je qHTa;iH. 

„To He je sapaAOBajio, e oambx sa tem niTaMnaM y 
Jiexo 1844 roAEEe I-By b Il-ry RH»Hry $ec4epoBor MapRa 
ABpeJiEJa. Ho xeR n )cjie BEAeo can, Ro^iERa je pasJiHRa npe- 
boahte c opafli^ycRor e EenaqRor jesERa. /l,0R ce noxBa.ia 
MapRy ABpejiEJy lorjia e nocjie Ayro qExaxB, na as- ce no- 
rpeniRe je3ERa EaH»e onasajy, Eamao can a^* npeBOA c He- 



(*) BejemKe cy My us mhofo nosHMjer BpeMeaa. 



176 CBEMAHH CKvn cPUCKorA yqEHor ApyniTBA 

MRTOor I -Be H Il-re KftHre $ec^epoBor aqasl HHraxa He saAa. 
To Me je notfyAHJio, xe can noae (1863 roA.) y hsboaj 
npeiDTaiinao xe npse abc KftHre, a Apyre ABe a^a© npeBeo 
can H nixaMnao (AOitHHJe), h hhcjibm Aa je Aotfpo yMReno.** 

/I,a ce BUAH jesHR y xom pannjeM npoBOAy nainera nnciia 
a H Ajx Atus, Koje je noEOJHHR cpncsoj OMjiaAHHH HaMeHflo, 
EBK HaM je OBOM npHJiHKOM CJ1060AH0 HaBecxu Heso^iHRa Mecxa, 
HopajiHo-oHJiocoocKe H ApsaBHe mecjih bs noMenyxe noxB&Ae 
pHKCKOM EpyHHcaHon oHJiocooy. EifcHSBiia je mxaMnaaa y 
BeorpaAy 1844 roA. 

Ha npBoj cxp|HH noc^e eacjioBHor wiHcxa cxojs obo: 

^IIJieMeHBxoii'B 6«peMy J. TepMaHH, M^ia^HOMi Cray 
BUCOKo6^aropoAHorB TocnoAHHa IIoAnojiROBHHKa, KaBa^lpa 
loBana A. repiaHu, m npHanaxeJiHOcxH nocB^hye npe- 
BOA^BRt (*) *" 

A sa XHM A&<s>e Ha ApyroM iiecxy ^Hxaio: „Aio6mi. 
AOCxoilHHil GEHe /to<$poxBopa xbAiifi obofb. EaA'B c eAHe 
cxpane ce6H npeACxaBHM'L, RaRO OABeiii xeniRO RHLHseBHHiiH 
HamH Hajiase B^iaroA^a roh 6u nn y A^-SHHa, na pacnpo- 
cxpaneH^ Gp6cRorB KHbHa^ecxBa HSAaBaeMUM'b AotfpoxBopny 
pyRy uoMohH npysH;iH, h RaRO ce Ma^io FoA0JiK)6aita Ha 
npoctfe HbHOBe y obowl oASHBa ; a ct> Apyre cxpane RaA'B no- 
MHC^iHM'B, CT> RaROBUMi 6 ycpAisMi Bami BHcoRonoqHxaeiHfi 
FoABxe;i]> M0ji6y mok), a^ mh y H3AaBaHio RHLHSHiie one no- 
uorHe, yBa2£H0, cobIcxb mh HeA08Bo;iflBa ao^po^hhcxbo OBa 
H^roBo npeLyxaxH, ho sa Ay^HocxB mod noTOxyeMi npeA 
Cp^cxBOM-B HspasHXH ce, „Aa e Owb BjiaroAtfl A^^ma oBort,. 
Roe BaMa hsx* npHSHaxe^iHOCxn npeMa Aotfpo^nncxBy obom'k 
Oxua BamerB y nocBexy hoahochm'b, npenopy^yioiH HeBHHOMi^ 
cpuy BameM^, Aa caAa y obom-b Ao6y y romi ce wcxa Aynia 



(M Joean FepMaHU duo je aer JespeMa 06peuoBuha, u oea uaMeua 
(nocBCxa) KH>nre HHje CMCxa-ia H>e3HH0M MaaAOM nwcay, Aa Gy^e i*. 
nocje UJaCaHKe (KaxaHCKc) 6}He npHMi>eH aa ApwasHor nMxoMua. 



CBEMAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA VqEHOr 4PyniTBA 177 

noyqHTeJiHUMi KHBHraMa HaifyAO($HQe jsbuchth h BucnpeHHft 
^paBa^^ sa CBarAa ao($hth lOjKe'' hta. 

A y npeAroBopy TOxaMo: 

^EHLHSHiia OBa, KOK) TH npeMH^ia MjiaAesH Cp6cRa, 
Rao uoAHopH Gp6cTBa H3 ycpAHe skqa^ na noMoiiL pasBSTEa 
yia H pasnpocTpaHeHi 3HaHfl no A&HamHlM'b cxaHK) h Moryii- 
CTBy MOHi noAHOCflM'b, KCTHHa Ma;io ^Hcriit 6poHy ho RaA'B lo 
npHjit»Ho H CTb noaopont ^Hiajia tfyAenrt, BHAHi'teini, a^ e 
CBaRifi ^Hcrb HtHi HailcnacRTe^HROii'B h HaflysBHineHHOM'b na- 
yEOMi, RaROBOMi) C6 A^'Haci H3o6pameHa Espona, npeHMyL- 
CTB6H0 npocBlniTefla $paHiuji ahu, HcnyHiH'B: epi> benrb ce 
13% H% HayqfiTH, ci RaR0BUM:b ce BucnpeHHM'b MnuHMa, mh- 
aaeno HafiAo6poAtTe;iHiH onafi ApeBHocM Myati h H^api Pdm- 
CRifi MapRO ABpejiifi saHHMao; Hst ni hewh no peAy 
BHAHTH nrra e Aotfpo, nixa npaBOAHO, niia 6 Ao6po- 
A^xe^B, nixa 3aR0Hi>, mxa 3aR0H0AaBCXB0, mxano- 
Tp66a cBBXcRa, mxa ae orpaHH^ent qoBeRa; h3i ni 
Lenrb ce nay^nxH, na AOsnaHH) qera A^Haci ce HafiH3o6pase- 
hIh yxoBH nenpecxano xpyAe, 6 ae y^oBeRy bo;ih c;io- 
6oAHay HayqflLem'B ce Aymy oHjioco^HoifB y3BucHxn, 
pa3yMT> ycaBpmeHcxBOBaxH, bojid Ao6py, Ji»y- 
6aBL otfrnxeM-B nopeARy h otfrnxeMi 6jiary yRpt- 
nnxHy Hay^nLeni'L ce ncnyHeHio AyaiHOCTH npeiia 
Oxe^ecxByRao boMhhr^, Rao CyAHfl, Rao IIoAa- 
HHRi; npeMa nopoAHiiH Rao cynpyn, Rao oxaii'b 
Rao npnaxe^b, nayqetienib ce cxpacxn yrymaBaxn n 
3a(5jiy^eHa ii36traBaxH, yxBpAHx'temi nocxoano 
BOJiH) R-B CBBTOfi HCXHHH H npaBAH, E HayTOtemi) ce, 
iDTO XH je y cBexy napoqno h npe csera nyasAHO xtjiecna 
3Jia, 6ieAy, Hecpety, xyry h 6oaio MyatecRH xp- 
nnxn; h3'b h^ kenrB bhahxh mxa e ynpaBO qoBeRi, e9% 
Ht tenrb ce obhu-b poarhm'b Ao6poAtxe4BHMa oCyqnxH: R^ie- 
Bexy H tfes^ecxHe oa'b Apyrn HaHoraeno ;iaAHO- 

rJ4CHHK LXIX. 13 



178 CBEqAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA VMBHOr 4PymTBA 

KpBHO ciymaiH; nai OBe MaJie a npeno/iesHe KHBH»Hiie 
Hay^Hkeni'L ce AaJii- niTaenpaBO no^HiaHie npeMa h 
Ao6po MHtnie oKOMe, mxa e n o x b a ^ a, mia e b a a c t b, 
niTa 3KHB0TI, raia CMpit, niTa e nHJia cao6oab>, na- 
y^HLeniT) ceciMa;iHMi> 6HTH8aAOBo;iHH'L, o Mahout 
Becejio H cnoKOfiflo atHBHTH. — Ebo HaAe»AO Cp6- 
CTBa, saRBy be te Heoi^iHfiMy nayKy Majia RHBHSHi^a OBa no- 
KaaaxH, ^Hxafl lo npHJitsHO h c^b nosopoiTL ne eAaBuyrB, 
HO BHffle H HeHstfpoHMo nyxill, Btpyit mh, neLe xh xpyA 60- 
raxo HeHaojiabeH'b ocxaxH ; y cpeiiH SHaLeni'B ce HbOMO orpa- 
HH^HXH B Rao Bixo xp6($a y^^HBaxH K), a y HecpeLH, RaAT> 
HeApara cyA^a naA'B rom RHBHOcrb HSJiEBaxH Henpecxane, ni- 
jiHxe^Ho xtfflHXH B TopTOHy 6tA© y^JiaataBaxH, — Hst ne- 
spejiori), HO Aocxa onHXHort HCRycxBa roBopHM-B Th, romo e 
OHa xaRol^e CBarAa y CBaRoii h paAOCHOHi e xysHOMi pa- 
cno;io^efliD Hay^Exejina 6HJia. „Aro nj^Ah uon, h h31> Roe 
caMb ce npeBOAa A^-^i^a obofl ^axMO, e hsb Roe ra gbo no- 
Moky Ao6poxBopa h MBAaei'b, nocxarHyxa 6yAe, aRO ce luaAE 

Cp6cRH yMOBH ySBUmeHHM'L OH^lOCOMHM'b HECJlHMa y HCXOMl) 
HCnyHiHUM'B 6UXH E yHyxpaiHHl 3aA0B0;ibCXB0 Moe CX» HBRa- 

KBOMi CBtxcROM'b HarpaAOMi cpaBHBXE ce Helie eoLe* exa. 



II. 

3aApaajiE cmo ce Ma;io ajsr^ npHRaayjyLH npBE RopaR, 
npBe MHCJiE Hainera noROJHERa la jaBHOCxE, e y o6jiflRy RaRo 
E3 je OH y OHO Ao6a scRasEBao. Jep ce npnpoAa e RapaR- 
xep nojeAEHua qecxo noanajy RaRBH te 6hxe jom hb panor 
AexEftcxBa. BacoExaHie h Hacxasa Hory mhofo napaB yrjiaAEXE, 

A06p]}]I npEMOpOH E OROJIEHOM npEHEXOMHXE, AymOBHe MOLe 

na B yM Ay^ORO pasBEXH ; ho onex ne Mory cne y^HHETE e 
HaRHaAEXE, aRO npspoAa y caHOM nocxaH>y nojeAEHi^a HEJe 
6EJia o^EJiaxa. J /l,HMHxpBJa Maxatia jom oa noiexRa jaBHO 



CBE^AHH CKVn CPnCKOFA V^EHOr ^PVinTBA 179 

ce KpenaK HapaBCTBeHH KapaKiep, kojh mj je ociao h nocjie 
CBHJy MCHa y jmhom h ApyniTBeHOM pasBojy, Kao HajjacHBJa 
atHija BeroBe Aynie, ao Kpaja atHBoia. 

/I,a ({hcxo ce obom cneqaHOM npe^iRKOM 6ojLe. ceTHJiny 
RaRBa cy Mopa^iHa, ApyniTBeea e no/minqRa naqe^ia OH^aAHHH 
B napoAy cpncROM nponoBeAaaa npe ^eipAecex h Bame ro- 
AHHa y OBoj MaTDteBOJ rh»h3h, Ao6po te (5hth a* noMeneMo 
H3 vbe HBRa BHaqaJHa MecTa Ebo RaRo ce noqnH>e: 

„noc;ie ABaAeceToroAHraHtrB BJiaAaHa, yip'o e y Be^y 
MapRo ABpe^ifi. Y to e Ao6a boaho part (n> HtsmKMa. 
Ttjio My e (5hjio OAHemeHo y Phm-b, nocpeA'B cyaa, xyre h 
o6niTe majiocTH. CeHart ce HaoAHO npeA'B Ro^HMa, roh cy 
ynoRoenorb HocHJia. HapoA'fc h bohhctbo cnpoBOAWJiH cy ra. 
Chh-b MapRa ABpejiia cjitAOBao e npaTHLH. CnopoBOA'B e Hraao 
jiaraHO h y naifBetiofi TnniHHfi. Ha eAaHnyTi) H3al)e eAaBn> cia- 
paA^ npeA ca({paHHtt napoA'b. CTac^ My e 6ho bhcor'b, a jibri 
^eciaHi. Cbh ra no3BaH) : to e 6ho AnojiOBilf, CtohibhS oh- 
Jioco^T*, MBoroyBaaaeMHfl y PflMy, h BHine 36or cbofl RapaR- 
Topa, Hero 36ori) CBoe cTapocTH no^HTOBaH-B. Oh-b e npHTfl;na- 
Bao CBe AO(JpoAiTe^H , HtroBOM-L cortom^ nponHCHBaHe, a 
cBp' Tora (5ho e yiHTejib h npHSTejiL MapRa Abpojibh. Owl 
npHCTynn caHAyKy, Ty^HO ra uoMeAa; h na eAaHnyrb no- 
AHrae r;iac^: 

^Fhm^ahh, bu CTe H3ry6H;Lfl Be^HRor My^a, a r npH- 
are^AH. HHcaMB a obao CTao a^ n^iaqeMt HaA'B HtroBHM'b ne- 
ne^oMi; ept TjatHTH Tpe6a caMo HaA'B nenejioMi pl)aBH AyAifl, 
Roi cy RaRBo ajio y^HHHJiH, H HOMory TaRBo Bume Barjia- 
AHTH. Ho 3a onHMi ROH € 6ho fflecTAecei'B roAHHa AO(5po- 
AtTejiaHi, H ROH 6 ABaAecerB roAHHa HenpecTano qoBeiecTBy 
HOJiesaHi 6uo, 3a onuwb roh sa i^tjiorB aiHBOTa cbot'b HHe 
6uo HHRaROMi) nopoRy OAaH'B h roh 6 Ha npecTo;iy 6ed% 
CBaRe CJia6ocTH ceAHo; 3a ohhm'b roh e 6ho CBarAa AoCap'B, 
HpaBeAaffB, AotfpoAtTO.iaH'B, xpa^ap-B, naniTO n-iaRaTH? Phm- 

1-2* 



180 CBEqAHu cKvn cpncKorA y^EHor apviiitba 

jiflHB, HaAPpotfHO TopseexBO Hysa npaBOAHa bctl xopsecTBO 
AotfpoA^Te^BH, BOfl C6 noBpaLa y i^apcTBo naABumHo. 

^IIpocjiaBHMO oBaj AftH HamHM'b noxBRjiaMa. . . A th Ha- 
aiAHHqe H CHHe H^roB'b, noqyfi AotfpoA^Te^iBH h a^a sejiH- 
KOFB oTiia tbofb: tu &6m^ crynHTH na npeciojix, JiacKaxejiBCTBo 
T6 oqeRHBa, as* t^^ pasBpaxH. G;io($OAHUli rjiaci, nose ((hxh, aa 
XH ce AaHact nocjieAHbift nyrB Aae ^yxH. Oxaqi xboH, Aotfpo* 
SHani'b, EHFAa ne HHe xxeo noA^o — noHH3HO roBopefea cjiy- 
inaxH. Owb e ncxHHy ajo6iiio : eBO HcxHHa ce noABJse, aa My 
c^iaBy cojiexe. 0, ah obe BpeiieHOM h xe6H noAotfny npH6aBHXH. 

„06nqH0 CBarAa, RaA'B ce yMpmiif noxBajiDe, noqHH^ ce 
OAi noxBa^e niroBU npeAaxa, Rao Aa CBaRifi BejiHRiS mjany 
Mopa oxb caiEorb nopeRJia npoHCXOAHXH. . . IlasEMO Phmjiahh, 
Aa HeyBpeAHMO Ao6poAixe;ii> AP^aHiM'b^ a^. e hloA eysHo q 
CflllHO nopeRJio. IIopoAHiia D^esapoBa Aa^a Baiii e qexEpo 
XHpaHa eAHO sa ApyrHUi, a BecnasnaE'L, roh Baiii e npButt 

noAHrao (o6hobho) H^apcxBo, (Jho e ynyivb caMo sahoii (npo- 
cxort) H^CHxypHJa ("). 

^BjiaroAapHMO 6oroBHiia, mxo MapRO ABpe^iitt hh6 6ua 
Hom OA AexHHbCTBa sa npecxoAi OApel^eH. B'poBHO aocxohh- 
CTBo BHme 6 Ayma pasBpaxH^io, nero mxo ifi e o^jiaropol^e- 
uiwb ysBHCHJio. . . IIoBtcTHHiitt ra e sayqujia o JiiOAHHa cy- 
AHXH ; HayRa saRona noRasaJia My e ocHOB^ AP^RaBa. Om e 
pasrjieAao csa 3aR0H0AaBcxBa h cpaBHHO e Mel^y co^oM'b 3a- 
ROHe CBHH) HapoAa. . . yM^peHocxB, ysAP^Rant, 6^arocx^y h^ho 
npBflxe^bcxBO, xo cy npeAMexH Roje je oh ycMOxpHO, qHMt 
e Ro;ieBRy ocxaBHo. IDxa peRO? Ohx e oxprnyrb 6ho oxh 
PHMa H ABopa. HtroBH poAHxe^ibH n^amB;iH cy ce xy RaRBor'B 
HecpeiiHori Aorat^aa sa ntra. Ta RaRO 6h ce y PHMy, tao 
ce CBH nopoi^H ca CBHJy RpajeBa cBexa CRynjuiio, Morjia Aysia 
Hdo({pa3HXH, ROH 6 HHaJia ($HXH cxpora H qHCxa ? Bh-jih mo- 
rao y ntiiy MayqHXH cafiHOcxb h Be^iHRO^itnHs npesHpara^ 

;') 04>HUHp CTOTHHaiu, OA npHjiHKe Kao caAa nopyMHK. 



CBE^IAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA VMEHOr APVmTBA. 181 

TAH 6 pacKOffl'B 6eaq, Belli) H cnpoTHHK) pasBpaTHJia? HayqHTH 
<5oracTBO npesHpaiH, tah e 6oracTBO Mtpa qecTH? nocraiH 
qoBB^aHX, Tflfi CBaRifi MoLaH'b cA2i6mn ciioa:AaBa? Buth Ha- 

paBCTBGHl, TAH 6 nopOKX OA CBaKOFb CTHAa OAJSAaHl. . . 

^loHTB HH8 HH H81 A6THHBCTBa HSCTynHO, KaA'B CO SaHOCB 

{eHTjsHflSM'B) K^ AotfpoA^TejibH y AyniH H^roBoil aarpeBao. 
y CBoiofi ABanaecTOfi toahbh OAao ea Haficrpo^Hei'B Ha^HHy 
sHBoxa; y neTBaflcrofi yeiynHO e CBoiofi eAHBOfi cecipB CBa 
OA'B oma saocTaBma My Aotf pa ; y ceAaiiflaileTofi poahbh 6uo 
€ ycuBifli oxh iiapa AflTOBHfla oHJioco^a, . . . son ra e Bait- 
Betioit Ao^poA^xeJiH BaeTaBJiAo: RpBi adj^ckj mxeAHTH, sa- 
KOBe AO itBexarolier craBa aobgctb, Phmi yMHpBXB, iito CBex^ 
^peLflum y^BBBxn... OBa cy (BacxaBJieBia) ({ujia AOBO^ibBa, 
Aa yqHBe ^OBesa bbjihkhmi; bo OBatt ^pesBHqafiBHtl iiysx 
Mopao e BMaxfl h KapaRxepi, rob ra e OA'B cbbd BamR iia- 
peBa OA^HROBao, h xbrobhh'b ra o^AapaxB caMo e SAsa »h- 
jiocooHB y cxaBH). Pbhjibbb, cmiwb An xBajiBXH ohjiocoohk) y 
PHMy, TAB cy MJioco©H xoJiBRo flyxill ocy^BBaBH, OAKyAa cy 
xojiBRo flyxa nporoBBBasH tfujiB? OAaBAe cmo, ci obu cBexu 
3HA0Ba MH BporoBLaBaBH tfHBa;iH y nycxe RasieBHxe ocxpoBe. 
Obac cy RBBBre Bame n^iaiieBOMi xpomeBe 6u^e. Obab e 
spBB ol[Jiocooa noA'B aBQapBMa ry6HxeJifl xeRJia. EBpona, Asba 
n A«pflRa BB^Jie cy BacB nporBaflo b tfyiyAetie, npstfteHflixe 
uo nemxepaMa ahb^bb sshhbotaba xpameke, bjib ocy^eBe, ORose 
Me^y ytfBiJiaMa b pastfoKBBiiBMa BoceLe. Hlxa ]iB,iiAe\ objio- 
co«BB 6 Morjia 6hxb BonpBflxeJiB ^iiOACRifi b 6fL^^ ap^^'B^. . . 
OBa 6 eymxa BapaBCXBOBOcrB BapoAa h RpaJi^Ba, ocBOBaBa 
Ba npfipoAB B B^^BOMi) nopeARy. . . $bjioco«bb e Ba npecxojiy 
3a ABaAecex^ roABBa cpety BapoAa yiBoaB^ia. OBa e, yxB- 
pytiB eyae aapoABMa OA^BBJia OA'B bbb R^ieBexe xBpaB&. 

„BjiaAaxe;iB Bamx yBBAHo s, Aa 6 BayRa npBpoAe 

flenocxBSBMa, saxo 6 (Dbjioco^bk) Ba BpaBH CBoe oabocbo b 
flcxe no BBOfi ynpasjiBO. Hsi npse e pasciiaxpao pasBO 



182 CBE«IAHII CKyn CPIICKOFA VMEHOr APVUITBA 

ceKie K0€ cy ce oko Htra naoAHAe, h ohj e oa'b cbhio 
Apyrfl OA^HKOBao, KOfl yqH ^OBeKa ysBHCHXH ce na^^ 
CailHMl C060M'B. $HJ10C0OHH My 6 OARpH^a, TaKO peLff, 
bobhK cBtxt, y Koie Becejit h lyra HsqeaaBa, tah cy co lyB- 
CTBa H cipacTH CBe B^acTH BaA^ AyniOM'B jiHBiH^ie ; tah capo- 
THBfl, (JoraicTBo, asHBOTX, cupTB BHfflTa HesBaqH, TAH caMa 
AO(5poAtTejib rocnoACTBye. PaMjiaBH, oHJioco«Ha Bam e AaJia 
Kaiona h Bpyxa, OBa ifl s y cpeA'B pasBajiHBa c;io6oAe 
3amTBhaBa^a ... y ouowh 6e3^acTHfl BpeMesy eAHBa osa 
o^ApataBajia e aoctohhctbo qoBe^ne npnpoAe. Oaa s y^HJia 
qoBeEa sHBtiTH, Ofla ra 6 y«JH.m yupexH; h aok'b e mpaB- 
CTBo Ayine nofl0saBa./io, OBa il! e noAH3a;ia h ysBUinaBaJia 
ca BekoMX cBaroM'b h BejiHqHflOMi>. /I.yx'b Mapsa ABpejiea 
CBarAa e bboS OAast 6uo . . . Ob^ e CHaxpao B^roBor'b hh- 
BOTa OBafi Aafl'b 3a aaficpeiifliil, y romb e qyo npBHfi nyxb 
roBopx EaxoBy. SaAP^aBao 6 y naiiexH cb ($JiaroAapBocxHK> 
BMesa OBu, EOH cy ra yno3Ba;iH ca BpyxoHi* e TpaseoMi. 
BAaroAapHo e 6oroBHMa, mxo e Morao qnxaxH h pa3yMtxH 
ocBOBonojioaieBHa (Baqe;ia) EnaKxexoBa" . . . 

OBAe je (JeceABHK aa rpo6y Mapna ABpejiHJa npoiHxaa 
3flaqaJBH]a necxa h3 FasroBopa i^apeBor ca caMHM co6oh, a 
xo cy HcnoBecx hjih Mbcjih aeroBe o CBexy, o .tyACKOj AyniB 
H (JoatHJeM Ayxy, o Ay^HOCXHMa h OABOCHMa MOBeKa npeMa 
ApymxBy d npHpoAH, a Bapoqaxo o Ay»HOCXHMa BjlaAao^a. 
,CBe OHO, (roBopHo je itap 0H;ioco<t), mxo 36or xBott 
Cjia(5ocxifl H norptinaKa xofl cpeLn (BapoAa) 6yAe neAOCxa- 
nAOf xBOHMi ke cc HopoKOM HasDBaxH. Ako ce Mel)y noBt- 
peHHM'B XH HapoAOMx 11 SAHa Kan^fl cy3e kow cm xh ycxa- 
BRXH H y(5piicaxH Morao, npojine, xh ch KpflBX. OflAa te xh 
HeAOCxofiHOM'b npHpoAa peha : H caML xb noBipH^ia moio a^UJ^ 
Aa ia cpeiiHHM'L yqaBami; a nixa ch xh ypaAHO? Sanixo cait 
c;iyniao ysAHcae aa seaubH? Samxo cy jiioah iiOAHsajiH pyKe 
MeflB, 3ap Aa hm^ atHBOX'B npe BpeMena cspaxBM'b? 



CBEHAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA yqEHOF APVUITBA l83 

^HcnHTBBao caiL it^ecHa 3;ia: y OBHMa HHcaMb Morao 

HHIDTa APyrO AOKy^HTH, OCHM*]^ H6B36^2SHM0r'B A^^CTBa 3a- 

BOHa csiia. 3a Tumi caML xxto pacyi)HBaTH o Ty3H h ($o- 
JiecTH. HoiiL 6 CvLASL Boki ^^•^^^0 npeBajiHjia; Hy^Aa CHa 
MopHJia MH 6 ipenaBHiie. Bacnao caMB h ycHHO OBafi caHi: 
y^HHHJio HE ce, Rao A^ caML BBAHO y eAHofi Be;iHRofi ci- 
HHUH lOosHHy caRynji^HUXi ajoaiH, roh cy gbh HMa;in Ha 
ce6H HomTo Be^ii^ecTBeHO. ^hhhjio mu ce, Rao Aa ce ono- 
HHHtM-B, Aa caMb lecTo rJieAao HLHOBe raTaiye y Pnny. Cse 
caiL ifi peAOifB cMaTpao, RaA'k Ha eAannyT^b neRifi chlabhH 
wacTB noAi ctHHitoMt saayH iCmpTHH, y^HTeceipDHTH. 
y OBOM^ TpeHyhy npeAi* bahmmi Ofl,^ Hbfi bhaho caMb n;iaM- 
Tety Baxpy, y roh) e owb pyRy cboh) nojioatHO (MyitHje 
CiieBOJia). ApyroMi) oa^ Hbfl 6ho e AOHemeH'b OTpoB^, roh 
e owh uoHHO H y tomi ce ^acy 6oroBHMa npectJiHo (CoRpai). 
Tpetifi e ctmo npeA'B no^iOMjitHoii'b mTaTyoM-b Cjio(5oAe ; om* 
6 Apatao y 6AH01I pyiiH RHbHry, Apy^oMi e y3eo Ma^x, Rora 
e onrrpH Bp' rjieAao (Bpyx). Majio Aa^t ycMOxpHo caMb onerb 
Apyrorb ^OBeRa CBerb y RpBH orpesHyia, ho cnoRofflna h mhofo 
iHpHiH OA'b H^roBorb QB^axa; b caMb My npHxp^ao bh^Iih: 
Peryjie, ecH ;ih TH? . . . 3a thmi caMb ycMOxpno $a- 
6pHitHJi y CHpoTHHbH, CiiHnHOHa yMHpyta y H3rHaHio, 
EnHRTeia nnniyiiH y OROBHMa, CeneRy h Tpasea ca oxBope- 
HHM sHTiaMa, ROH cy MHpHO taqaslae xeRyiiy CBOH) RpBb. 
ORpyseH'b cBEMi oBEWb BeAHRHMx ^LioAHMa 3Jie cpeiie, npo- 
jiHBao caMb cyse, ^eMy cy ce ohh ahbhjih. 6AaHi> oxh HbS, 
xo e (5ho Kaxo, npHtfjiHjRHo mb ce h peRao: „HeMolI nac^ 
sa^HXHy ho HOApaaiaBafi naMi, na ce h xh Hay^H ho^^h- 
BaxH 6oA¥) . . . Facy^HBao caMb o obomi cny n piniHO caMb 
ce 6uxH qoBeRi, xpoHXH h ^hhaxh Ao6po. 

^IHxa 3ap xe CMpxb n^anur! Cxynafl, ynptxH HHe hh- 
mxa Apyro, nero a^^o ^KHBoxa, h xo saho oai Hafi^iaRrafi 
Moae 6hxh. CMpxb e Rpall 6op6e; ona 6 xpenyke, y Rone 



184 CBEqAHH cKyn cpncKorx yqEHor 4PvairBA 

6u Morao peLn: 6bo eAHoni, caA^ e Ao6poAiTejii> moa. .. 
PasyicB Me ^hhh moLhhhi*, a qjBCTBa ca«[HHflBaio moh) cjia- 
6ocTb. Oho e pasym boh ne ysAHse ao iHCiieHorb (HAoaji- 
Horb) nopeAKa h onnrren A0(5pa. . • SaysAaLy a noe cipacTH 
H OHy OAi CBHiD ApyrH HaSrHycHHH), epi HaM'B ce ona Bao 
Hdffc^al^a AonaAa, a to e JiiotfaBb k'b yBece^iHHio h pacBomH. 
SKhbot HH6 HHHiTa Apyro, Hero 6op($a, 6opHTH ce aukaq Bajia 
tfes'B npecTRHBa. £[86eraBaTtiy pHCSomb, epi ona ocAatf^HBa 
Aymy. . . SKHBHTLy o najioii Eao Aa 6h 6ho CHponamaffB. . . 
He, MapBo ABpeJiilf, th nebemi ($hth JiHrneni cbhio yBe- 
ce^tHHa; BorB e Tetfn ocraBHo HaSycxHTHTejiHia h natl^H- 
CTHfl. . . TyafHe itmHTH, necpeLHe tf^aaBHXH, xeroTe napoAy 
ojiaBmasaTH, ABecTa napoAa cpeLnHii yqHHHTH ... Bose, 
Tu HHCH casAao BiiaAaiejit, a^ ^lAJ yrniTaTeJibH, hhth na- 
poA, Aa 6yAe vrHtTeHt, yqHHH, Aa MapBo Anpe^iifl npe yipe, 
Hero niTo npecTane 6£ith npaBeAHbHH'B.'' 

HaBOAetH Ha nocjiexBy, npHMepe bojh cy CBeAOw-iH o 
BejiHBOM BjiaAa^aqBOM yiy 2 mhjiocthbom cpny i^apa — 
oB40co«a, HacraBj^a roBopHHB oBaBo: 

^UoqHHtM'B OA cjio6oAe, Philmhh, ep6o e CAo6oAa 
npBO npaBO qoBesa : npaBO HenoBHHOBaTH ce hhboii Apyrou 
Hero saBOHHMa, h nen^amHTH ce HHBora Apyror nero hbK. 
TemBO potfy, boh ce n^amH nino (cjio6oAe) Hie napeLH! 
TemBo sei^BH, y Boiofi 6u npoHSHoci Hcre, (pe^B cjio6oAa) 
6bo nopoBX. TaBO 6 ($£i;io hoa'b BarnHn THpaHHMa . . . MapBO 
ABpejiifi, neHioliH ce na npecroji'B, nosnao e obo CBexo npaBO. 
Oh'b cHatfA^Beni cbom'b B^iacTio A^cnoTHSia OApeBao ce 6 ncre 
CBoeBO^BHo. 4,a He 6h Morao cbok) BJiacTB 3;ioyDOTpe6jiaBaTn, 
OHi H) 6 nocBe orpaHH^HO . . . Ohi e (5paHH0 Bamy c^otfoAy 
npoTHBi ce6e caMorB; oh-l h) e xpaHHo npoTHBy cbhd ohh 
BOH cy npecTOJi-B ospysHBaJia . . . 

^HerAa cy Phmi h u^^ao iJiapcxBO tfu^H aiepxBa pas- 
<$ottHHqecTBa; caMOBJiacne BOH^nmBai^He, upcBa rpa6AtHfl, cy- 



CBE^AHH cKvn CPncKOFA vqEHor 4PyniTBA 18^ 

•6THa H ^esrpaHHqna pacToqenHfl (pacHnaHfl), uacHJiHH 663% 
npecxaHKa nopoAMije y o^aaHt AOBOAH^a, HapoA'B H3M0»Aa- 
BKMy cHpoTHHK) joioi BeLiia ocHpoMamaBajia h nporjTaBa^a 
CEopo CBa 6oracTBa Apsase ... Oh e Haia ionrb hhofo 
BeLifi npHitpB CBora BejiHKOAymiHfl ociaBHO. HajiaseLn ce 
le^y HenpnflTe^ikHMa h yApy^&HHii HapoAHMa ohi e yseo 
AaeaR Ha cetfe, roh bh He ($h mof^h HHBaRo hbmhphth, a^ 
He naAHeie y nafiBeby cbpothhh). SannTaMi, RaMo 6jiaro 3a 
Bol^eHi paTa? Eto, OAroBopno e, noRasyioiiH noRybcTBo CBora 
jlBopa. OjioMHTe oBe AyBape, HocHie OBe miaTye, oBa nop- 
Tpeia, OBe 3.aaTHe cyAone na «bho MtcTo, Hena ce CBe y HMe 
ApsaBe spoAa, neRi ona MHHMa yRpameHH^ na o6paHy oie- 
qecTBa nocjiyaRe. S. caMt ce OBOMe abbho. Ohi mh ce ORpene 
Ji peRHe! AnojiOHie, th ce OBoie Rao h npocTi HapoA'B qy- 
AHnrt! 3api 6h Tpe6ajio, a* ce y itcro oBon> 34aTHorL 
nocyl^a npoAa pana cnpoTHH^ h nmenniia, roh p&hh HBHHy 
Atiiy? npHJiTejiio, M0«e (5hth a* cy ona tf^ara cxajia cysa 
ABaAecerb napoAa: OBa npoAaa caAa 6iAe cjia6o noRanHHe 
p^aBH A^^a qoBe^ecTBy HanenieHH.* 

^IIpHpoAa, cBarAa Ao6poAaTHa CTBopHJia e cyniTecTBa 
6AHaRa H cjio6oAHa, a THpancTBO Aom^o, na ifi HaqHHH^o 
^a6HMH H HecpeiiHUMa, re jeAanx Majiufi 6pofi OB^aAa ca 
CBHia . . . no A BJiaAOMt MapRa ABpejia ocBeTHJia ce e oh- 
jiocoM€ otfHAMa qHHtHHMi poAy qoBeweMt. HtroBa Ao6poTa 
HHe Apyr^ne CMaipajia cBe peAOBe ApaaBe, Hero Rao MHoro- 
<}pofiHO ApyniTBO 6palie, poAHTeJia h npH^iejia. Uoxh hbhmi 
Haffnpocrie Hie hh6 6hjio HCRJiioqeHo hh oa'b xepera hh oa'b 
AocTOHHCTBa AP»aBe. PyRe ro6 cy ynpaBM.ae paoHHRx nAyra 
MorAe cy hoax hbhmi h iiapcROMi rapAOMi yiipaBAATH." 

Ha 3aBpnieTRy noMenyo je 6eceAHHR, rhro je jeAHOM 
xpa6pH IlepTHHaRC 6ho ORpHBJBen 3a BeAeH3AajcTB0, ho onpan- 
Aan, na ra je can iiap moabo 3a onpomxaj, raxo ce to a^- 
^VLAOy a nociaBHO ra je cRopo sa ceuaiopa h ROHcyAa. Y 



186 CBB^AHM CKVn CPnCKOPA VMEHOr 4PyinTBA 

ApyroM My^ajy npn^HKOM BejiHKe notfyne HeEHX o(JjiacTH y 
AsHJH i^ap je can Taio oTHmao h CTHmao tfyny. Ila KaA cy 
My npeAajiH noxBaxana nHCia 43 HMena rjiaBHHX Ro^oBo^a, 
OH je 6aiiH0 CBe to y Baipy, He ^HTaBniH, ho npamTajyiiH 
Be.iHKOAyniHO h npeAajytn cBe 3a6opaBy. 



Eto, RaKBa je naqejia h RaKBe Bo^iHRe npHMepe A^mh- 
ipHJe MaTHL jom y npBHM or^eAHia CBora RH>flaieBHor paAa 
npuRasHBao cpncROJ OM.iaAHHH npe totobo no^a BeRa. Ha 
ata^ocT, ROA Hac je OBa RH>H»DAa sacrapejia h peiRo ce y 
qnJHM pyRaMa Ha;ia3H, h aRO je nyna s^aTHHX spna h3 R^a- 
CH^ne HCTopuje h Mopa^iHe cTonqRe o^H-iocoonje ('). SnaMeHBTH 
HHcaA HCTopHJe H3Bopa XpamtiaHCTBa, EpnecT Penan, y ceA- 
Moj RH>H3H oBora CBOia qyBOHor A^^a, noA nacjiOBOM: MapRo 
ABpe^iHJe H cBpnieiaR Cxapora Caexa, onHcao je 
acHBOT, MHMH H A^-^a Be^HROF pHMCROP i^apa O^H^OCufta, y 
laRo aiHBHM cJiHRaMa, Aa 6h ce mooo noMncJiHXH, Aa je y 
HCTopecRHM Aora^ajHHa Roje cjiaBHB oHcaiJi onaRO Ay<$0R0^ 
BepHo H ;iaRo itpxa, noMemaH lAe mio noexcRH HaRfix ite- 
roBe jaRe yo((pa3HAe. To My je jeAHOM paHHjoM npn^iHROM, 
KaA je y 1879 toahbh npBMAen 3a ^jiana ^paniiycRe ARaAe- 
MMJe, npe6ai;Ho r. Me3BJep, Rao OApel)eHH 6eceAHHR y CBe^a- 
Boj ceAHHi^H no3ApaB;bajyliH ra boboaom iteroBe Apyre Ranre 
Hcxopaje XpHmtaHcxBa, y Rojoj PeHan onHcyjyLH «hbox h 
Ae^a CB. JlaB^ia B3hoch Bepny MHRy Be.iHRor anocxojia. PenaH 
ce CMefflflo Ha 3aMepRe CBora cxapHJer Apyra aRaAeMH^apa 
ROJH je MHoro jaqH y rp^RHM h phmcrmm cxapHHaMa, nero y 
BcxopHJH pejiHiEJa M y HCxopBJH HCxoqHDX HapoAa cxapor 
BeRa. KpflxHRa je AORasa.ia Aa je Penan HMao npano. BnLe 
saHBM^bBBO, Aa npuRRseMo ABa h xpn Mecxa B3 H>eroBor 



(*) Maxuh je AOiiHyje luxaMnao y 4P}tom chpahenoM ii nonpae- 
.beuoM H3AaH>y cboj npeaoA Mapna ABpeaiija. 



CBE^AHH CKVn CPnCKOFA y^iEHor 4PyuiTBA 187 

MapKa ABpe^HJa, Te a* ce bhah, KaKO je nam noKoJHH Ma- 
thL jom Kao iJiaAHL h \)RK cpncKor AH^eja y KparyjeBity, 
yieo Aft H3 ({or%Te HeMaqKe h o^panAecKe jiHTepaiype (JHpa 
3a CBOJe niTyAHJe h 3a npesoAe na cpncKH onaBBe cance h 
ABJia Koja te cBojy KH>H«eBHy BpeAHOCT h cBOJy K.iacHiKy 
^enoTy BeKOBHMa caqyaaTH. 

D^ap Ahtohhh, Be;iH PenaH, ocTao 6z y cnoieny JbyA- 
CKOH Haj6oJi>E i^ap, oa Kaso je CBexa, a^* HHJe ycHHHo cbo- 
JHM HacjieAHifKOM nporjiacHo MapKa ABpe^iHja, kojh My je 
6ho paBaH Ao6poT0M Aynie h -CKpoMHomliy, a y oBe ocodHne 
yneo je join Ayx h qftpH KOJHMa cnoMeH h MHKa obrkhx jtyAH 
xHBe Be^HTo y .tyACKOM poAy. IIpocT, mho, 6jiare Becejie 
Ayme, Ahtohhh 6ejaHie «h4oco« totobo h ne sHajyhH. MapKo 
ABpe;iHJe 6ho je mjioco* atabeq napaBH h HCKpenocTH, ho 
HaiepHO c pa3MHmji>aH>eM. Y horom norjieAy Ahtohhh je 6ho 
Behn, jep ra H»eroBa AO(ipoTa HBJe HHKaA HaneJia Aa y^HHH 
norpemse, b HHJe ra My^HJia Rao ^eroBor nocHHRa HeMHpna 
Aynia, Koja ce caTHpa;ia nenpecTaHO y 6op6H ca caMOM co- 
60M H ca CBCTOM, TpaatetiH HAca^e, ROJHMa HHJe MecTa na 

SeMJbH. 

Ho Penan (Jh Morao OAMax y no^eTRy jom aoa^th, a^ 
je Ahtohhh 6eo h cpehnnJH oa Mapna ABpe^iHJa, mto je 
noc^ie ce(5e ocTanno na npecTO-iy phmcrom jom neher ohjio- 
co^a H Beher BjiaAaoAa, Rora nnje poAHO, no caMO ycHHHO 
H BacHHTao. A MapRo ABpejiHJe qyAHonaTOM nrpoM npnpoAe 
H c4a6oniLy CBor cpiia ocTaBHO je nocjie ce(5e na npecTo.iy 
Cflna 3Bepa h dyAa^y, kojh je H3M.e^y CBHJy noByiacTHAa Rpyne 
H cyBopencRe CH4e naJBHnie Bo;ieo Aa BpniH ocBCTy, otmh- 
'lapcTBO, Rjaae h y(JHJaH»e; a oa ^inqnHX AyACRHX h pnM- 
CRHX oco6HHa OHora npeMena Bo;ieo je m Aa (5yA0 Apyr h 
cayqecHHR rjiaABJaTopcRe nrpe h 6op6e ca 3BepoBBMa, Me- 
majytu ce h cSm CBaRH Aan c noc^OAftHM ^byAHMa one BpcTe 



188 GBE^AHU CKvn CPncKOFA yqEHor 4pyiuTBA 

TaKo, Aa je cbot no^eo cyiBaiH, a* J^h je oh AOHcra chh 
OHaKO BpcHa iiapa «H40co«a. 

Aajbe, MapRO ABpe^HJe niia xy sawyry ioto HaM je 
oiiflcao SHBOT CBora ^ecxHTor noo^HMa AHTOHHHa, XTOBniH y 
CRpoMHOCTU H saxBajiHOM ocehaH>y CBOM A& naupTa ciHKy B^a- 
Aaoi^a «H^oco«a jom 6o;ber, nero mTO je oh, Mapso, 6eo. 
MapBO ABpejiHJe ocxBapyje n^aiOHOB HAeaji y cBeiy. Oh 
H HexoTHqno cnpeia nyx KoHCTaHTHHy H xpunrtiaHCTBy. 3a 
H>eroBe BJiaAe ohjioco^h h He SHajybE Bpme ApyrHM nyxeii ony 
HCiy MHCHJy, Rojy h xpHmiiaHCRii nponoBeAHHi^H, caMo mio 
OBH yxHqy BHrae Ha cpiie ibyACRO, a m^oco^h na yi h Ayx. 

na H npH CBeM xoi MapRo AnpejiEJe y cbojhi 6e^em- 
Raica cfiM Be^H, aa ce IIjiaxoHOBa ApsaBa He loaie ocxBa- 
pHXH, H npeA CMpx CBOJy npHSHaje, Aa cxojh ycaMAen Ha 
H3iiaRy sHBOxa, Rao hhahcrh ByAa npeA HHpBaHoit, c;iy- 
xeiiE AA ra napoA H>eroB AOHcxa nomxyje b aiajiB, ho h ab, 
be ce y neROU CMHCAy o($paAOBaxH, mxo Le My ce cRHHyxH 
c Bpaxa xaRaB AOcaAHH CBexaA, iiap «hjioco« h neAaror, rojh 
HHJe napHo HH Ba mxa Apyro OBor CBexa, ochm sa npasne 

H JlBAHe CeHRe CXOJH^RBX Bp^HHa H Ay^HOCXH. 

A RaRo AH ($H My Ha caMpxHOM qacy jom ((hao, a^ j^ 
Morao y CBojoj 6Aaroj Ayinn npeABH^axH, RaRBe be ysace h 
noHHflie&a A^HexH phmcrom napoAy u apssabh B^aAa H>ero- 
Bor rpo3Hor CHHa KoMOAa h Apyrnx xHpana, rojh cy sa h>hm 
AoniAH H nponacx uapcxny yfipsa^H ? To je najjacHHJH aorhb, 
Aa nojeAHHH Ma rbro BeAHRH h n^eMenHXH j^yAH h na ca- 
. MOM npecxoAy ne Mory MHoro ypaAHXH aa nanpeAaR H npeo- 
(Jpasaj JbyACRor ApyiQTBa, aRO neMa Apyrnx noroAHHX npH- 
jiHRa, aRO HeMa y caMOM napoAy cnpeMjiienor seMJLHnixa sa 
6oM ycxanoBe h sa Ay6jbe peoopMe. A aRo cy obh CAOjeBH 
HapoAa sapaaieHH oxpoBOM pacRomH, ^eftocxH, hoaaocxh h 
HenpaBeAHe xeROBHne; aRO cy necxajie cne Bp^HHe BHxem- 
xBa H naxpHoxHSMa, ROJHMa ce cxBapajy AP^ase h HanpeAyjy 



CBE4AHH CKVn CPDCKOrA y'lEHOF 4pymTBA 18^ 

Hapo^H : Ty seL He nouaacy mhofo hh ohjioco^h he npecio^y. 
Mapso Afipe^HJe h H>eroBH cjiaBHH npeixoAHHiiH caMO cy ya- 
Ap»aJiH Pmm oa nponacTH 3 a AB^cra roAHHa, aok ce ne cxa-^ 
^omHine HOBH HapoAHH ejieMeHTH hs Apyrnx coBepoHCToqHHX 
fl sanaAHHX n^ieneHa, h aok ce He na^ome o6A^nii 3a Hose 
AyxoBHe nyxoBe jeBponcKOM cBeiy. Ho HHcy iomh ote^o- 
HHTH, Aa Phm, rocnoAap CBera, ae nocTane CEopo njien He- 
6pojeHHM BapBapHMa h o6AacT none ^epMaHCKe i^apeBHHe^ 
BasHa jom cano ca cbojhm E^iacH^HM cnoveHHiiHiia, cbojbm 
ApEBeHO-xpumLaHCRHM npeAaH>HMa h ycTanoBOM nancxBa. 



III. 

4,a HacxaBHMo a^HBoxy h Ae^HMa noROJHor AHMHxpHJa^ 
Haxfliia, no H>eroBHM ^e^emsaMa h cnHCHia. 

^Oa noBpaxKa h3 eMfirpauHJe, can bc^h, ao ABrycxa 
1845 roAHHe asHBeo can Kao npaB03acxynHHK. JKyAan Hayne 
H A^^^^r ycaBpniaKa&a oAeH y BepjiHH na xaMomH>e caey^- 
.iHinxe, ao6hb oa AP^ase cpncKe noMotH, Aa ce cnpeMeM 3a 
npooecopa namera Aai^eja. 

„H y BepjiHHy h y XaJAeJi6epry npora^io mh je Bpene 
Bpiio 6p80 y HenpecxaHOM paAy h noceliHBaBy ynaBepcHxex- 
CKBx npeAaBafta ao ^exa 1848 roAHHe. IIo 6 ao 8 qacoBa 
Hfflao can AHeBHO y niEO^y. HIxo mh je npeso xora ocxaja^io 
Bpeieaa, ynoxpefijbaBao can ra na qHxaite y 6H((jiH0xeAH H 
KOA Kyte. Ao<5ap npHJaxeACEH iipeAycpexaj yHHaepcHxexcKHx 
npo*ecopa oco6hxo MHrne^a, ra(J;iepa, PHAJia, Bepnepa y 
BepjiHHy, a BanrepoBa, MnxepMajepa h jom HeEHX y Xaj- 
Ae^6epry ocxate mh CBaxAa Apar cnoMen. H Ha yHHBepcHxexy 
H upHBaxHO EGA Hpoctecopa noxoAHO caM y Bep^Hny AHcny- 
xaAHJe H KOJiOEBHJe Hay^He. $hjiocomjom can ce napoqHxo- 
Bpjio paAO (5aBH0, y^Ho can je c Be^iHKOM bo^bom h ao6ho 
caM H3 Be cxynaB AOEXopcEH. 



190 cBE<iAHU cKvn cpncKorA y^EHor apvidtba 

„C jeceHH y 1847 roAHHH oabm h3 XaJAe^tfepra aa Bpeie 
Be^HKor OAMopa y IIlBajiiapcEy. Oa Baae^a ao BnAa nyxo- 
Bao caM nefflHite, neBajytn. OiyAa jeaepiiMa Aomao can y Haj- 
raaxe^. Ty caM ce Ma;io saApatao, tg OTnyTyjeM y ^eneBy h 
ciynHM y jeA^H naHCHonax paAH ©paHitycEor jesHKa. IIlBaJAap- 
CKa MB ce jom oa OHAa OHHJiejia. KaA caM roA HMao BpeMeaa 
H cpcACTBa, nyiOBao can paAO y xy Jieny seM^y. Y 1848 
roAHHH OAeM H3 XaJAe46epra y IIapH3, «e.ieIiH Aa ce yno- 
3HaM 64H»e c opaHiJiycKHM jesHaoM h xaMomH>HM ycxanoBaiia. 

„A EaA 6yKHe ycxaaaR cpncKor sapoAa npoxHB cHjie 
i[ai;(apcR6, seJiehH a^ xoh npHJiHROM noKymano oc;io6o^eifc6 
fl yjeAHH>eH>e BacAejior cpncKor aapoAa, ja noxHxan y'Banie 
KpajeBe. Y GpeMCKHM EapjioBi^HMa na cBynmxHHH B36epy ne 
sa ^Jiaaa OA^opa BapoAHor, eojh je xaAa nporjiameBOM Boj- 
BOAOBBHOM cpncEOM ynpaBJbao. 

^HnrAa Be Mory 3a6opaBBXH obo 0AymeBJbeH>e, Eoje je 
BapoA cpncEB, nocjie OBaEor Ajror cxpaBor npBxacEa noEa- 
sao, Be sajieiiB bh EpBn bb BMaB>a 3a Aparo ocAO((o^eB>e. 
He Mory a a^ ce Be cexBM obac, eo;ibeo cbm 6ho xpoByx, 
EaA caM ce y xo AO(ia BpBH nyx a^cuo ca BamBM ce^aiJiHMa .... 
Ja ce BEcaM Morao BaqyABXH, EaEO Aa OBaEO Ayro po6oBafte 
BBJe CBex xaj paBBOAymflBM y^HBEjio speMa y3BBBieB0M (ijiary 
j^yACEor c;io6oABor jRBBoxa . . . noAB3a^B cy Me Ba pyEaMa 
B xpasBJiE fl,E BpoAy^BM FOBop, mxo caM AparoM AymoM B 
qBBBo. Jom BEBixa 3a ycxaBaE Bije 6bao cnpeMJi>eBO bb yxsp- 
^eBO. M^aAB Gp6fl bbub cy Eao anocxojiB no BapoAy y cbbm 
EpajeBBMa . . . Mbofb cpncEB cbbobb cxeEJiH cy jom oa TaAa 
;ieno BMe Me|>y (JpahoM . . . Be^BRa MBcao yApyateB>a ^Omjib- 
AHBe cpncEe" ycRpcjia je 36 ocJio6o^eB>e CpncxBa • . . ^Ycxaj, 
ycxaj, Cp6BBe, ycxaj Ba opyatje** — opB^o ce Ba cBe cxpaBe 
cpncKe. H HBje r^ac ocxao 6ed 0A3BBa . . . 

„He 6bx Morao Ba6pojaxH OBa AHBBa noaipxEOBafta, 
mxo BORasa xaAa BapoA cpncRB y Bojboaobbbb, na b y Cp- 



cBEqAHH CKyn cpncKorA VMEHor 4r*yinTBA 191 

6hjh noMaatyiiH (5paLH CBOJoj Aa ce oc.io6oAe. Ho naipHJapx 
cpncKH H oRO^HHa BJiaAajyLa oro H>era hhj8 ce CBecpAHO ^a- 
TH-ia, Aa ce ycxaHEOM oHaKO c^aBHBM y iioqexKy nocxHrne 
ocjio6o^eH>e oa Tyl)HHa. HapoA je y Bojboaobhbh ApKBony 
waBy cMaxpao h sa no^HxaqKor BO^y, h HMao je nyny Bepy 
y ftera a* fee HCKpeno paAHXH. Ha aajiocx, 6hao cxapocx 
naxpHJapa PajaqHha, hjih Hese Apyre npH;iHKC BOAH^e cy, 
He Aft ce KpBJBy napoAHOM napoA cpncsH ca cbhm ocjio6oah 
u y cpncKy AP^a^y AO^e, Hero Aa ce Ma|>apa oiipocxH, a 
3a AycxpHJy h H>eH oncxanaB Aa ce OHOJiHKe »pxBe noAHOce. 
CBa MJia^a cxpaHRa Hm^a je h 6opH;ia ce sa noxnyno ooao- 
6o^eH>e . . . BaH Je^a^Hk paAHO je AoroBopno c naxpnjapxoH 
Paja^HLeii. 06oJHAa cy 6iilar AOHCxa npHJaxejbH CBor napoAa. 
A^H Hm^H cy Ha xo, Aa tfnjy Maijape y BopHcx Aycxpnje, 
MHO/ietiH Aa te aycxpHCsa BJiaAa noc^e AaxH cpncso-xpBaTCBOM 
HapoAy yjenqena npana . . . Hajd^aa^e cyAehn Mopaiio osaso 
ciaxpaxH, jep CBa OAroBopnocx mxo HSJiasaB ycxaHKa ne AO^e 
AO sejbena ycnexa, naAa na h>hx, kojh spxBOBame KpB 
Cp6a H XpBaxa aa xy^e ucah. HcxopHja ke CBOJ cyA o xoMe 
HspeliH H cBa^Hje Ae^o o6e40AaHHXH . . .** 

4,aAe y cbojhm 6e;iemRaMa Maxak noMHH>e BH^enHJe 
MJia^e Cp6e h3 BoJBOAOBHHe, kojh cy nepoM h (JeceAOM xpa- 
6pH;iH H noAflsajiH napoA na opy^BJe, le^y ftHMa ocodnxo 
HjiHJy SaxapHJeBHLa, xaAan>er AHpeBxopa rHMnasHJe BeorpaA- 
CKe, H CBexoaapa MH;iexHha, XBaM jynamxBO ABoJHiie npo- 
CTHX cejbasa, 6pahe HHBHHqaHa, bojh 3 laja yAapHme tojihm 
masaMa h tfaxHHaMa na Mai^apcBe daxepnje, EaA one HSHenaAa 
c BOJCEOM B3 BapaAHHa rpynyrae npeso 6pAa na Kap;l0B^e 
Aa pacxepajy HapoAHy CBynmxHHy h P^iaBHH OA(5op. Tom 
npHAHBOM OAJiHBOBao ce H MaxaLeB dpax GxeBaa ca ca^Jboit 
y pyi](H, a 6paiia HHBHHqaHH norHoyme, ho Mai^apcKa BOJCBa 
MopaAe ce j^OByliH naxpar y rpaA. Bh;io 6h aaHHM^HBO H3- 
nexH H3 6ejieataKa, KaKo je MaxHt 6ho H3a(JpaH 3a qjiana 



192 GBE^AHH CKVn CPnCKOFA yqEHOF APymTBA 

PjiaBHor HapoAHor OA^opa y aAMHHHCTpaxHBHO OAej^eae, KaKo- 
je HHcao OA CTpane OA^opa npooaMaitHJy cpncKOM HapoAjr 
RaRO je OBJiamben TjiaBEHM OA^opoM nmao jom c jeAHun 
qjiaHOM 7 3arpe6 a^ yrosapa c 6aH0H xpBaTCRHi cases sa 
OA^pany npoTHsy Ma^pa. Ha BHme lecra y 6e.'eniRaMa na- 
rjiamyje Maiat HecpeLy, mio je OAymeBAeBe, noBepefte, Kps^ 
u TO^HRO tf^aro napoAHO npoHrpano h ynponamkeHO y OBOJ 
6op6H sa Ty^e HHTepece, uaBOAR hs nncMa MHHHCTpa Aspaiia 
HexpoHUJeBHiia h upeAceAHHRa GaBeia GxeBaHa GTOBaHOBRiia 
(TeHRe) l^enepajiy OrpaTHMHpoBHliy, RaRo je h BJiaAa rhc- 
seBHHe Gp6(fje c HaHepoM paAHJia h cjiajia BojcRy cpncRy 
npeRO AynaBa, a^ tfpaHH iie^ORynnocT aycxpHCRe iiapeBHHe. 
MaxHii qemLe slblahl, mxo ce Gptfa h XpBaxH ne Mory c Ma- 
^apHMa Aa noroAe, xe a* y caBesy yxBpAe CBOJa npaBa h 
cjio(JoAy. Ofie (Je^einRe MaxHkeBe h aRo cy Aoiinnje ^exH- 
MHiie nHcane, Mory nocjiysRHXH BpeieHOM sa H»eroBy onmep- 
HHJy 6Horpa«HJy, a Hua Le BpeAHOCXH h Rao noAaxiiH 3a 
HCxopHJy. He MoaieMo ce c ftHMa pacxaxn a a^- He noMeHeMO 
peAaR y HCxopHJH xpenyxaR, RaA je HapoAna CRynmxHHa y 
Kap^iOBi^Hua 1 h 2 Maja npor^acH^ia npaBa cpncRor napoAa 
H cpncRy BoJBOAOBHHy ca casioynpaBHOM napoAHOM BJiaAOM, 
H H3a6pajia BOJBOAy h naxpnjapxa cpncRor. 

„MHxpono;iHx Pajaqnt oxBopao je CRynmxHHy RpaxROi 
a;iH jesrpoBHxoM 6eceA0M, Roja je CBaRora npncyxHor rany^a, 
H HapeAH npHABopnoM ^Rony Ppyjahy, Aa oxBopH cxape no- 
Be^be H AHnjioite, ROJHMa ce OApel^yjy h yjen^aBajy npaBa 
cpncRor HapoAa y YrapcRoj. GBex npBO ynnxa : A rAe je xo 
AO caA 6^J^o, xe ce HHJe hshocbao h BpniHJio? 'BaRon qnxa 
H xyMa^H onaj ago, rojh roBopH o cpncROM bojboah h boj- 
BOAOBHHD. GaRynjteHH napoA y r^iac noBHRHy : xofeeMo cpncRy 
BOJBOAOBHHy H BoJBOAy. A^BHO je 6hjio r;ieAaxH. IHaJRaniH 
H rpaHH^apH noAHrome CBOje opyaje y bhc, a Gp^HJaniiH 
xaHijape, ca ycR-inuHiia : OAMax caA A* ce 6Hpa BOJBOAa. 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPIIjy MATHHV 193 

UaTpHJapx HBJe OAyroB^iaqHO, nero OAMax npe^^oatH cKyn- 
niTHHH H MHorotfpoJHOM caKyn;i>eHOM HapoAy BHme HMena cpii- 
CKnx OA^HqflHX JtyAH, ^enepa^ia y nensHJH h ApyrHX. KaA 
ce cnoMeHy nue CieBaHa IIIynAHKAa, kojh Oeme laAa y Hia- 
JHJH Ha tfoJHOM 6oAy, saoptf oa csyAa Mac: Tora xokeMo! 
FaAOCT je 6HJia HeonHcafla. SBona sasBOflo ca catfopee iipKBe. 
HcrypHme ce (JapjaitH, c KoJHMa je naxpHjapx ApceHHJe ^ap- 
HojeBHL H8 Cp({HJe ca 40 xHjiaAa ^opoAH^a ycjieA yroBopa 
npemao y YrapcKy, h CBa cKynniTHHa jeAHHM r;iacoM aanoja: 
Cefl A^HB eroste coTBopH vomoxhy BospaAysMi ca h BOSBe- 

CeaHMX CJ3 B'B Hk. 

^EyxyjyiiH no CBOiy, Be^H MaxHt, ja caM BHAeo Aocxa 
CKynmTHHa h MHTHHrfi; ho ^hbh mh ce, nnrAe HHcaM Hamao 
OBor OAyineBibeH>a** (Eao na MajcKOJ CKynmTHHH 1848 roA. y 
EapjioBi^HMa). 

Ilocjie Tora MaTHL ce BpaiH y Cptfnjy, rAe je ao6bo 
EaieApy rpa^HCKor h AP^aBHor npaBa. IIIto ce laKO CKopo 
yKJOHHO H3 KapjioBaqKor OA^opa fl oa napoAHor noKpexa, 
6hjio je c Tora, niTO ce naxpejapx no^ieo oKpyataBaxH aycxpn- 
CRIM j>yAnva h ^eHepajiHMa, xe h ne^a cxBap ycxaHsa AO^e y 
ftHXOBe pyse. Y nncMy, Koje MHHHCxap ABpaii IlexpoHHJeBtth 
H npeAceAHHK /l,paKaBHor CaBexa Cxe©. CxeoaHOBHk (TeHKa) 
nocjiarae (y cenxenCpy 1848) ^enepa^iy CxpaxHMHpoBHhy, 
cxoJH Hsie^y ocxajiora HspeKOH : ^a je Gp6HJa onocxpaHCRHM 
CptfHMa caMO sa xo xo;ihro noiara^a, mxo cy ce ohh y oBy 
6op((y ynycxHjiH sa AeAOKyraocx aycxpHCKor i^apcxa, h a^ 
y3(jHJy Ma^apcKe npexensHJe, Eoje ce npocxHpy h Ha cyceAHe 
npoBHHiiHJe oxoHancRor i^apcxna, na h na Gp^HJy. 

Hs pasHHX Aora^aja n noJinxH^KHX Mena xora Bpeiena 
BpeAHO je cexHXH ce, KaKo je xpBaxcsa Ae^yxa^Hja OApeVHa 
OA cxpaHe xpBaxcKor 6aHa h ca6opa, AoniJia y Beorpa^, Aa 
yxBpAH yroBop ca cpncKOM B^aAOM o sajeAHH^KHM nojinxH^EHM 
Haiepaiia h bojhhm onepaitHJaMa y YrapcKoj. Y Ae^yxa^HjH 

r.iACHiiK LXIX. 18 



194 GBEqAHu CKvn cpncKOFA yqEHor APyinxBA 

tfejaxy ibyAOBHT Taj h Hbeh EyKyj^eBnii. Be^iHRomKOJicRa 
OM^aAHHa OAymeBJbeHo je npeAycpeiaJia OBy 0Aa6paHy (JpaLy 
H3 3arpe({a, r;ieAajyliH y H>nMa »HBy savory cEopora jyro- 
cJiOBeHCKor caBesa. JeAHora Aana y jyny BeLnna OM^aAHHe 
6a no3BaHa y KyLy BOJBOAe Tone By^La na KajieierAaHy 
rA6 C8 ca xpBaTCKHM noaaBHiiHMa (5exy flCKynnjiH: HHTpo- 
no^HT Ueiap, ^jiaHOBH ^pataBHor CaBeia, npooecopn h join 
HeRO^HBo BasHHJHX ^yAU U3 BeorpaAa. 'BaiiH 6Hine Ji>y6a3Ho 
AoqeRaHH Ha obom oa^h^hom 3($opy. Toirjie pe^H h aquq mh- 
CM H aiejbe H3HeH>aiD6 ce ca xpBaxcKoir 6pakoM. A sejiR- 
KafflH cpncKH npenopy^iHBaxy OMJiaAHHH caMO MyApocT h ao- 
CTOJBO noHamafte. G ($ajiEOHa ByqebeBO KyLe Paja ^aMJaHOBHii 
TAUBo BHKHy ^ai(Hva ! „caMO MyApo H pa36opHTo'' ! A J6AaH 
BH^eHBJH qjian oiwaAHHe OAroBopn: ^npena Ayxy BpeieHa.** 

y Apy»6&y H y »HBoj 3ajeAHHiiH HAeja h HaiiHOHajiHHX 
Te»eH>a c OAa($paHHM j^yAHMH h Hajo6pa30BaHBJHM CHHOBHMa 
HapoAa aKaACMHCKa OMJiaAHHa y BeorpaAy H3H^e na ^en h 
:^HaTaH yr^ieA. ftena CTapHJa 6paiia, Koja ce BpaiHine ca cxpa- 
HHX yHHBepcHxeTa, tfojaxy joj caBexoM, K&BraMa h xohahm 
^HunaxHjaMa na pyiiH, na ce h na cacxani^HMa oM^aABHCRor 
RB>B:EeBHor ApymTBa qecxo jaBJbaxy, a le^^y ftHna BHaxHHJH 
H OMJiaAHHH niROJicROJ Haj6;iHaiH 6b^h cy : ^HMHxpHJe Maxub, 
Kocxa D^yRHli, JoBaa H^ihIi, jLytfoMHp HenaAOBBk h join neRii. 
HsMe^y o6pa30BaHHx Cp6a rojh nncy na cxpanH y^injiH a 
Te»BaMa cbojhm cBarAa y3 napoA n OMJiaiHHy cxojajiH, 6ho 
je ocodHTO BH^en n omhaoh cxoJHqRor RapaRxepa Cp(iHH An- 
Apeja CxaMenicoBHtiy rojh paHO npeMnny, a shbox My onaRO 
BepHO oiiHca H>eroB M^a^H Apyr n npajaxe^b Jenpeii rpyjnti. 

y xaRBBM npH^HRama h y xaRBoM Ayxy aRaAeMHCRa 
OMjiaAHHa, H no mxo joj MHorn cxapnJH q^ianoBH y 1849 ro- 
AHHH OAorae Ha cxpany paAH mxyAHJa na 3anaAHHM yHHBep- 
OHxexHMa, 3aAo6H xojiHRy BaaHOci h yxH^aj, Aa o roAHniH>eM 
r;inBH0M 36opy ApyaKHHe M^iaAeatii cpucRe o BaAony 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHHV 



195 



AHe 1850 roA. Cejaxy npHcyiHH h MHiponoJiHT Heiap, h 
npeAC3AHHE /l^pssaBHor GaBexa GTojaH GHMHh, na h jeAan 
npHBaian HsacAanHK TypcKor name b3 rpaAa. Cbg npocTpane 
cotfe 6eorpaACKe ^HTaoHHite, tab ce 3({op aP^^o, (Jexy nyne 
OAatfpaHor CBeia. Tom npnjiHKOM OAJeKny c roBopntme r;iac 
jeAHora ciapajer q^aBa, Koj« y AyateM roBopy npeTpecame 
BewTO crapo h Bewio bobo 3a cpncKH sapoA naTaite : x o- 

beiO AE^ M0H6H0 AH H CM6M0 ^1 H Ba KOCOBO? A 

ApyrH JGAaB M^a^H qjaa y (JeceAH OA^njanie oa OMJiaAHBe 
noTBapaH>a npeBpaxBor ssa^iaja h pasjiarame Baxsy npo- 
CBOTBy TeMy : Aa jih ce MoaeMO CKopo BaAaxH ja^eM ycnexy 
flame aKaAendcBe BacxaBe aa mnpoj ocbobb, saA AP^^Bsa 
BJiaAa CJia6o o6paiia nasB»y sa pa3BHJaH>e le BacxaBe h aa 
upoBa;ia»eH>e nyxoBa h cpeACxaaa KojuMa ce oBa cflassB, h 
KaA npHMa h Barpa^yje y cA^sEi6R Apa^aBBoj noAJeABaKO, a 
qecxo H (JoAe OBe kojh BBcy mbofo y^HJiH, caMo aKo cy joj 
y ApyroM CMHC^iy no ^Hqaoj npeAaBocxH yroAHH. Oaa unxafi>a 
fla sajiocx, H caAa jom BHcy y Bac sacxape^a. 

IIooAe oBoia Aora^ja /l.pyKHBa MjiaAeatH cpncKe 6yAt 
BapeA^ioM BBBie B^iacxn yKHByxa, a npooecopn o KOJBia ce 
3Bajio Aa BMajy ja^er yxHiiaja Ba OM^iaAHHy, a xo cy (5hjih 
HaTHb H j^yEHii A0((nm6 Apyrn nojiosaj y safliieJiapifjaMa 
iieBxpajiBe ynpaBe. Obo yK^aH»aB>e iwa^HX npo«ecopa oa Be- 
jiBBOBiKO^CKe oM^aABfle 61SA0 je le^y ^aiiBMa uoboa Be^n- 
Koi BesaAOBOACXBy b BeMBpy, xe ce y jeceB xe roAHBe h 
BpeAaBaH»a aa aeRO Bpene o6ycxaBHBie. xom BMa noMeBa 
B y MaxBiieBBM ($e;iemBaMa, lAe ce y KpaxRo roBopfl b o 
cjio({oabom aKaACMBCEOM npeAaBaH>y, Eoje ce oa 1848 roABBe 
y flac yBe^o h Ba npBJiBqBoj bhcbbh OAp^RasaJio. MaxaL ro- 
BopeiiB CBOM yxHiiajy EOJe je BMao c EaxeApe b eojhm ce 
y BejiBBOJ MepH RopBcxBo, ynyhyjyiiB oMjiaABny Be caMO Eao 
npot^ecop BO b Eao cxapBJB 6pax b npejaxeA Ba OApaaifce 
peAa B nomxoBaB>e 3aE0fla, qaie ce b cjio6oah oncxasaE 

IS* 



196 CBEqAHu cKvn cpncKorA viEHor APyrnxBA 

ocHrypaBa, noMHH>e ca saxBajinomky hm6 ciapor caseTHHEa k 
npHBpeMeHor noneqflTeAa npocBeie, jlaaapa ApceHHJeBHla, 
(Baia^aEe) eojh je Milage OAa(ipaHHJe yiene ajab pa^o oko 
ce((e npHRynjbao h h>hxobg[]| caBeTHMa cJiyaiHO C6(^)- 

„MeHH cy onfflTHM cpeACTBHia, bbjih MaiHt npHnoMOon, 
Aa ce cnpeMHM 3a npo^ecopa. To ce caA h AoroAH.io, H la 
y BpeM6 RaA je cao6oabl cByAa 6basl nporj&aBieHa h saA je 
npo«ecop Morao cBOJa npeAaBasa He caio c^o6oaho ho h 
jaBHo ApataTH . . . Hpe y^acsa y caMH npeAMei pasjiarao cai 
y BHHie npeAanafta ^ncTopdcRE pasBHxaE na^e^a npana, mo- 
pajia H AP»aBe." Koa Hac AOHAe HHJe (Jhjo lor ofiH^iaja. 
C^iymaoitH cy yBO^OHH y nayEy 6ez HciopHJe Hayse . . . 

„TpH roAHHe 6ho cai npooecop y Aaiiejy h npeAanao 
caM rpa^HCEH SaEOHHE ca IIocTynEOH h JaBHO npano Gp- 
6HJe. GBoja can npeAaBa^a yBeE najnpe Hanncao. EftHr^ 
mEo;icEHx 6eao je TaAa joni BeoMa Ma^io, ocodHTo sa Bime 
HayEe. Ja can HspaAHO 06jara&eH>e rpa^aHCEor 3a- 
EOHHEa syMHO AP^&BHO HpaBO, H JaBHO HpaBa 
Cp6HJe. Moj paA npeweAajia je h OAotfpH^a IIlEo^cEa eo- 
MHCBJa, H TO je mTaMnano y Bume CBesaEa y 1850 h 1851 
roAHHH. H)HBa 6eme neypa^ena. CEopo npne (JpasAe 6exy 
TaAa noByqene , . . Snai a* Ty HMa MaH4 h HeAOCTaTaEa, h 
je3MR je joni neAOTepaH (Jho ... IIo CBpmeTKy Tpeke ro- 
AHHe upo^ecopoBaaa y AHuejy npeMecTe Me y Ane^aiiHJy 3a 
ceEpeTapa . . . Gaio EpaTSO Bpene ocTao caH y ane^iai^Ho- 
HOM cyAy. y jecen 1851 npeMecTHrae Me sa ceEpeTapa mh- 
HHCTapcTBa HHocrpaHHx AeJia. y tom BpeMeHy, no OA^yilH 
mEOJicse EOMHCEJe Eojoj caM ((ho q^an, upeneo caM sa name 
HiEo;ie Majiy MamaxoBy ^paniJiycEy rpaMaTHEy. y 1855 ro. 
AHHH sa TpajaH>a KpHMCEor paTa nocTaneM naqe^HHE y mh- 
HHCTapcTBy HHocxpaHHX AeJia. 

(*) Ila u cane 0Aa6paHHje l)aKe h3 Jwaeja BaraaaKa je KaA 
niTo ce6ii npHSHBao, Aa hx nosHa, noxeajH u Ha paA oxpaCpu. 



CnOMEH AHMHTPHJF MATU'RV 197 

„3a Bpeie Te Bojne Cp(iiija je 6H^a y kphthmhom no- 
vio»ajy. CaBesne Apasase npoTHB PycHJe HaBaAHBa^e cy jaKO 
Aa H Cp6HJy yByKy y xy Bojny, a Ta^iaraita Bjia^a cpncBa 
SHajia je a^ to He Mose tfuxH no pacno^osefty napoAa cpn- 
<5Kor npCMa PycHJH. A Pycnja onei, Kojoj je Hece^poAe 6ho 
KaHAejiap, neKaEO je npe KpHMCKe BOJHe yBeK noBJia^HBajia 
ayerpBCKOM AP^safty y CptfHJH. IIlTa Beme, h npeA canH 
npe^aaaK AycipHJe na cipany caBesHHKa Hece^ipoAe ynpaBHO 
je jeAHO nncio na TaAam^er snesa cpncKor, y ROMe Be^H, 
Aa H PycHJa abajh one ncxe bhaobc (Hia mcxh noMeA) sao 
H AycTpHJa. Kba ce naK Aycxpnja ooacH seL npoxHB Py- 
<;Bje H noqe CptfnJH npexHxn npHKynjbaBeM Be;iHKe BOJCKe 
OKO H>eHHX rpaHHiia, OHAa h PycH BHA^m^^ A& cy rpemn^H 
y CBOJoj no4HXBiiH, a otfaBemxaBa^H cy cpncBy BJiaAy 6Bm 
npoxHBHO OHOMe, mxo cy joj npe npenopyqEBajH** hxa. 

y MaxH^eBEM tfe^iemKaia Hia RpaxBHx ho saHHiubHBHX 
noAaxHRa o cnpeiiafty Gptfnje OHora AO($a Ha OA^pany, aRO 6n 
AycxpHJa no AoroBopy ca sauaAHHi cHJiaMa xxe^ia Aa saysMe 
€p(5HJy. AycxpHCRa BojcRa (Jn^a je y SHaxnoM 6pojy npHRy- 
njbena Ha rpanniiH cpncROJ h seL ce noHxoncRH mocx cnpenao 
Aa (5yAe roxoB a^ xa BojcRa npeRo CaBe npe^e. Ha xo ce 
y Cp(5HJH no^e^a nariio ypel)HBaxH h cnpeMaxH HapoAna Boj- 
«Ra, no ORpysHMa h no r;iaBHHM ROMaHAaiia. EaRBa naxpn- 
oxcRa paAOCx h noysAafte o6y3HMaxy xaAa napoA, cxapenwHe 
M oMJiaAHHy, RaA ce noc;ie xaRO Ayror npeMena oa namer 
ycxaHRa h ocjio6o^eH>a noqeme y i^e^ioj seiibH npHRynji>axH 
H BeaR6axH y qexaiia h nyROBHia ce^ai^H h ipa^aHH cpncRH, 
na H y BebHM MacaMa ap^^th ManeBpe c naA($0M, uory snaxH 
B ocekaxH OHU, rojh cy 6iiAE cneAoiiH oHor noRpexa h OAy- 
moBAefta. Ja can Rao i^aA npo»ecop y Illani^y r^OAao xaRBy 
jeAHy BeLy naneBpy, Rojoi cy ynpaB^a^u ROManAanx canex- 
HBR AP^ABHH (Paja JepeMHb) II oRpysHH naqe^HHR (ByqRo- 
BHt) ca neROJiHRO nsyqeHHx o^Hiiupa. Toi npHAHROM 6h;io 



198 CBE^AHU CKyn cpncKorA y^EHor 4PyQiTBA 

je HCKynAeno Aocia OAa6paHor CBexa h rociHJy h3 Cpena fl 
H3 Bocne; cyse paAOCTn h napoAHor noHoca bha6*A6 cy ce 
Ha Amy MHornx H3Me|>y obhx rocMjy. 

CpncKa BJiaAa o(5paTH^a ce IIopTH Eao CHsepeHoj ch^ih 
Hapo^HTOM npeACTaBKOM 3(5or npHKyuAaBa aycTpncKe bojcko 
Ha rpaHBUH. Obo je AycipHJy join BekMa neMHJio AHpny^io. 
EaA je CKopo 3a thm ep^xep^o^ Aji(JpexT Kao BpxoBHH ko- 
naHAanaT y npaTH>H ^enepajia Xeca o6H;ia3HO no rpaHHi^H 
pacnope^eny BojcEy h na tom nyiy Aomao y SeMyn, B;iaAa 
cpncKa OApeAH napo^HTa ABa u3ac;iaHHRa (jeAan je 6ho Ma- 
Tflk,) Aa no3ApaBe bhcokof aycipHCKor KOMaHAaHia. CpncM 
BsaciiaHiiiiH 6iiAE cy neMH^io npHMJbeHH; ho 6apon Xec a&o 
HM je o6jainH>efta, Roja cy h»hx h BJiaAy y HeRo;iHKo yiH- 
pHJia. Iloc^ie Tora CRopo h aycxpHCRa BOJcRa noByRjia ce 
c rpaHHiie. Obh Rao h paHHJH h hoshhjh Aora^ajH h3 Haj- 
HOBHje HCTopHJe Cp(5HJe ouBcanH cy jrhbo oa r, Hn^a IIo- 
noBa, a y nosnaTOM HH3y qjianaRa oa r. JoBana FHCTHLa^ 
y TjiacHHRy CpncRora Yqenor 4,pyfflTBa h aacetfno. 

Ilocjie Tora MaTnii (JyAO npeMeraxeH y aAMHHHcrpaTHBHO 
OAOAeBe HoneqHTeACTBa HHOcxpaHHX AB^a, tao je ociao ao 
jeceHH 1858 roAHne, a TaAa ra nociaBe sa qjiana Racauir- 
OHor cyAa. Hcxe roAnne y ^eio (Jho je oa cipane B^aAe 
OApe^eH Aft sajeAHO c /l.HMHTpHjeM Ii;pHo6apiieM, uone^Hxe- 
AOM npaBocyACTBa h npocBexe nponyxyjy no HeMa^Roj, $paH- 
uecEOJ H IIIBaj^apcRoj, h npoy^e TaMomaa ype^e&a nocxynRa 
y rpatiaHCRHH cnopoBHMa, xe a^ ce h sa Gp^HJy HspaAH hob 

3aR0H XOM HOCXyHRy Ha OCHOBH yCMOHOCXH H jaBHOCXH. 

G BejiHROM paAomLy npHMHO ce MaxHh oBora saAaxRa h na 
nyxy do JeBponn yMHOjKHO cBOJe 3Ha&e h hohobbo CBOje 
Be3e H nosHancxBa c inorHH HeiaqRHM npoo^ecopHMa, napo- 
qaxo c MHxepMajepoM, BepnepoM h MBmeibeM. C obhm no- 
c^eAHiHM ocrao je Ayro y AOHHCHBaay. KaA ce spaxHo y Be- 
orpaA, cacxaBJbeHa je ROMHCHJa a^* HspaAH npoA^or saRona 



CnOMEH AHMllTPHjy MATHTW 199 

nocxynKy; y xoj komhchjh n oh je 6ho OApe^^en sa qjiaHa 
H HspaAHo je npeA^or sa laso HasBaHO KpaxKo cyl;ett>e. y to 
ce casoBe h Be;iHRa Gb. AfiApejcsa GsynniTUBa 30 H0BeM6pa 
1858 roAHHe. 

IV 

Obhm ce saBpmyja jeAan SHaiaH Aeo aHBOia namera no- 
KOJHHKa, o6e;iemeH o6H;iaTHH paAOM Hajnpe y napoAHOM no- 
Kpexy yrapcKHx Cp(5a, a 3a thm Ha KaieApH, y hikojickoj 
HayqHOj KH»ii»eBHocTH, y cyAOBHMa, y ROMUCHJama u na bh- 
mHM ynpaBHHM MecxHMa. CnyAa rAe roA ra je AyatHOCx h ap- 
saBHa noxpe^a nosHBajia, CByAa ra bhabmo BpeAHa 6e3 ynopa, 
caBecHa ao Rpaja, yqena n noAo6Ha sa najos^HJBHHJe saAaxRe 
no CBOJoj cxpyuH, h CBarAa oAymeBAena ^hcxhm poAOAy(5nBHM 
xesH»aMa. Ho oh ce Beii AOx;ie nojaBflo h Rao yr;ieAaH ^;iaH 
OBor y^enor ApyinxBa, ^ApynixBa CpncRe C;iOBecHocxn", y 
ROie ra oa 1850 roAHne bhabmo sajeAHO ca Kocxom I^y- 
RflfceM, RaRo npeA^aasy peoopMy, Aa ce ApynixBO noAeJiH 
no cxpyRaia na oAceRe, h Aa CBOJe cacxaHRe peAOBHo h 
^emiie ap^h. 

nixo ce xHqe nnxafca BpeAHOCxH H>eroBor pannjer 
paAa Ha mROJiCROj nayqnoj RftHseBHOcxH, xoie oh c&m y 
CBOJBM 6e;iemRaMa cRpoMHO roBopH. H cava npenarjbeHocx 
h MHoa^HHa paAOBn* y oBora MJiaAora la RaRO cnpeHHa u Aa- 
poBHxa npo^ecopa Mopa;ie cy CMexaxH ynyxpaniBOJ jeApHnn h 
Hayqnoj bhchhh. 3a xpa roAHHe nopeA HenpeRHAHHx JieRUHJa 
Ha RaxeApH HspaAHO je MaxBh „06janiftefte rpa^an- 
CRor saROHHRa"; AaJiejom „HaqeJia yiHor AP»aB- 
Hor npaBa** h ,,JaBHo upano KaaatecxBa Cpfinje, 
u sa xo BpeHe Biao je OAMopa h Bpeiena sa ohhihphhjh 
RH>HateBHH paA caMO hirojcrhm oepHJaia. TeR ce roAHny 
ABe jaBHO Ha RaxeApn, a BeL ce jaBAajy i^e;i9 Ranre xaRO 



200 GBE^AHH cKyn cpncKorA y^EHor APyniTBA 

npocTpaHHX npaBHHX rpana sac niTO cy rpa^aHCBO h Ap- 
asaBHo npaBo. H y Tone ce noTBp^yje ona iipia fterona sa- 
paKxepa : a& niio npe HsepinH cBojy Aya^HocT h a& ce orpaAH 
OA npeKopa, la a^ tfpsHHa y yiHHM nocuiOBHiia He noMaace, 
HO OAMase jeApHHH h nay^Hoj TeiejiHTocTH. 

y ocxa^oM He rpe^a npeBH^aiH cia&e h npaBaii Hayq- 
HHx HCTpasHBaKa OHora BpeHena oco^hto y coi^BJajiHHH rpa- 
Haia^ a n xesaR nojiosaj cpncBor aKaAeMHCEor npo«ecopa 
y BeorpaAy hoa B^iaAOi naipHjapxajiHHX MEHHciapa (none- 
MHTCAa) H caBeTHHKa, KOJH cy ate^eAH HanpeiRa e cjio6oAe 
CBOJoj seMjLH, H HayqHor o6pa80BaH>a CBOjoj oi^aAHHH; ho 
npesa^iH cy oa CBaKor jaqer nojiBTH^Kor Beipa cnoAa h hb- 
Hyipa, npeaajiH cy oa TypcKe, npeaajiH oa AycipHJe, npe- 
sajiH oa PycHJe Kao h oa ocra^Hx bo^iabhx CHjia, na h oa 
06peH0BHii&. PeaBi(HJa oa 1849 h 1850 OBAaAaB JeBponoH 
nocjie yrymefta HapoAHor noKpeia y HTa;iHJH, HeMaqKOJ, 
AycTpHJu H yrapcEOJ HHJe hh Majio roAHJia cjio^oahom no- 
Jiexy yMHor h Hayqnor paAa na hikojickoj JiHTepaiypH y la- 
^oj H c;ia6oj Gp6HJH noA xypcEHi rpaAOBHMa Ji noA bmaom 
ojiHrapxHCBor yciaBa AapoBanor Cp6HJH y D^aparpaAy. Ho 
H nopeA Tora noieHyxH paAOBH AHMHxpHJa Maxnta ya Aocxa 
noBpniHOcxH Hiajy MHoro Bp^ena h nonyftaBajy OHora Bpe- 
Mena noxsa^iHO Be^iHBy noxpe6y y nayqHoj npaBHOj HKcxaBH. 
SflaqaJHO je, Aa hh jcaho oa obhx A^^a HHje Bame npe- 
mxaMnaHO. 

,06janifteH.^ Tpa^aHCKor 3aKoHHKa" Hspa^eno je naj- 
(Jpae H HOCH Ha ce6H o6e^eatje AexHMnqBHX npeAanafta. — 
„Haqejia yiHor ApataBHor npaBa* Hspa^ena cy no 
xaJAeji(5epniK0M npooecopy XannpHxy D^enwy, Kao qoBeny 
^cxajiHOM H yMopeHoii*, KaKo Be;iH cSm uHcaii, a nenixo h 
no PoxeKy, a nania niKO^CKa KOMHCHJa ^nenixo je naocxa- 
BHAa a 3a Hemxo iipHiexH^ia*', xe je npepa^eno. IlHcai^ A^Jte 
y npeAXOBapy Kaat ? : „y obom aJ^-^UJj ocmm mxo je tam tah 



CIIOMEH 4HMUTPHJy MATHTwY 201 

fia AOTHqHOM Mjecxy y hbrhh npHMJeA^ana cpasHeHifl pa^H 
BasaHO, KaKO je y Kojoj ap^^bu, pas^ioa^eHii cy qHCio na- 
JTOH ocHOBH ApataBHor npHBa; Ty HHJe pe^ o no^OKHie^- 
flOM npaBy, Boje y ap^^be Eao o6Be3aTe;iHo Ba»^H, Beb je 
<^aMo pasBETas to EayEe y spaiKO noEasafl'' e t. a* 

HeHa cyMH>e a^* je OBa MaxEiieBa BH»Era npBE 036E^aH 
paA Ba OBOj rpaBB AP«aBBHX Baysa y CpncTBy. y BCTopfi- 
CKOM nper;ieAy pasBEiKa BAeje o AP»aBBOM npaBy, e y no- 
pe^efty pasBEx cECTeMa ap^A'Bhex o($^EBa e B^aAaBEBa, 
Aajbe, y pasjiEKBMa Esnecy ciBapBEX (^BoniTacTBeflEx'') 
E «op]ia;iflHX („o6pa3flHx') BapoABEX npaBa, y noJHO- 
PEMa cyBepeBCTBy ap^^bbom, o opraEHMa e rapaBTEJaia 
BapoABor cyBepeBCTBa e npeACxaBEEniTBa Exa y oBoj b&e3e 
Ae*BBBi^iga Koje cy sacxapeAe e Boce Ba ce^E o6ejieaije pa- 
BEJEX «EJiocoocBHX E BpaBEEX TeopEJa y Bexa^BHX Bay^flEsa 
fl3 npBe no;ioBflBe oBora B6Ea, saAa ce ycTaBE ca npeAcraB- 
EEqEEM CEcrexou Ba jeBponcEox EOBTBBeBTy TeE nojaBHme. 
Hamem nBCity Tora Ao6a 6ejaxy jom cjia6o BOBBaie BaJBo- 
BEJe Bay^Be MeiOAe BBAyEiRBBor npaBiia, noEpeByie e Ba 
ocBOBE BOciynBor pasBEiEa y M3BqEEM E ApyniTBeBHM no- 

jaBEXa nOTBp^Bfle BeEOAEI^EflOM Be^EEEX EBMeCEHX E «pafl- 

i^ecEBX ^EAocooa nosHTEBBe fliBOJie, Eoja e3boae no(^TaH>e e 
pasBETaE CBeia Rao e ApyuiTseBEx e aP^&beex o6AHEa na 
E xopa^BEX EAeja e3 npocxEX npEpoAEEx saEoaa. J^eM 3Ba- 
MeBBTOr opaBi^ecEor Bay^HHRa OrBCxa KoBxa, 6EAa cy ro- 
xoBO joffl Heno3Baxa e y caMoj H.eroBoj oxai^6EBE. TeE Cxjy- 
apxy MEAy e Jlwxpey no^e 3a pyEOM, a^ y nyBOJ CBex;iocxB 
BpBBaaty CBexy Ay^oKe ECXHBe, npoBa^eBe CMe^BM AyxoM 
CEpoxBora e 3a6opaB.i>eBor «paBi](ecEor «E;iocooa, eoje 06- 
jaBiBiaBame ECxopacER pa3BBxaE BapoA& e ap^&bSI pasBEx- 
EOi E nojaBaxa M3EqEor atHBOxa. A n^OABe EAeje E3 co- 
UHOJiOBiEe HayKe qyEenora HHr-iecKor *HAOco<i>a Xep6epxa 
CueBcepa xeE ce xaAa noMa.i»axy ea EttEaieBHOX e no^fiXHq- 



202 cBE^iAHH CKvn cpncKOFA yqEHor ^pymrBA 

KOM xopH30HTy jeBponcKora CBeia. Join je Tpe(5ajio HeKo- 
;iHKO AeceTHfla roAHHa, na Aa y jeBpoiicKHX (h HeMa^KHx) 
^H^ocooa OCBOJH MHcao npupoAHOj RJiacHa»HKa]tHJii Haysa, 
Ha cynpoT paHHJHH Teo^oniBHii h HeTaa»H8UMKHM TeopHJaHa, 
Te Aft ce Ao^e ao yBepe&a, ab, je HayKa o acHBoxy (6ho- 
AorHJa) ocHOBa nayi^H o jfcyACKOM ApyniTBy, o napoAy h ap^ 
ataBH (coiiHo^iorHJa). Join je Tpe6ajio Aa npo^e totobo ^e- 
TBpT Besa^ na Aa ce oOjaBH h npH3Ha noBa Bo^insa MHcaa 
nosHTHBHe oH^ioco^HJe, no Bojoj ce pasBHTan AymeBHHX moIih 
n yiHHx ocotfnna (ncnxo^iorHJa) ne nose pasyHexn 6e3 3HaH>a 
*H3HOJiorHJe, na laKo hm HCiopflcBH atHBOT napoAa h pas- 
BHiaB AP^aBa o6jacHHTn ($e3 3HaH»a npHpoABHX nayna h npH- 
poAHHX saKona, KoJHMa ce ocHOBe n ysajaMHH oahoch Ha;ia3e 
y Be^HTHM cH^iaMa Bace^iene, a OBe ce jasitajy e noiBp^yjy 
najOoAe acHBoxHHM naqejioM /l,apBHHOBe eBo;iyi\HOHe xeopnje 
nocxynnora pasBHXKa, oa naJMaifcHX fl najnpocxHJHX »hbox- 
HHx o6;iHRa H sa^exaKa ao naJBHrnnx h najcaBpmeHHJHX. 

n c&H Ha3HB Ymho AP^aBHo npaBO nenoAecan je 
H sacxapeo na o(5ejieateHOM AOJiy noKojnor Maxnta. HoBHJa 
HayKa 3Ha 3a ApasaBHO h ycxaBHO npaBO, le^yHapoAHO, 
jaBHO H npHBaxHO npaBO, n sa Hcxopnjy h a»njiocooHJy 
npasa, Koje cy xea ao^obh onmxe nayKe o ApyniTBy (co- 
i(Ho;iorHJa). Hpn cbgh xom ne Mo»e ce nopekn, Aa je nam 
noKoJHBK y ropH»eM cbom AO^y Aao niKo^icKoj oMJiaAHHH h 
cpncKOJ ny6;iHiiH onora Ao6a npsn nyx xo^ihko jiennx h Apa- 
rouennx spna h3 hobo c^a6o otfpa^ene rpaAHHO coi^HJa^HHx 
8HaH»a, Aa je xo AOHCxa c^iysH^o KeroBoi BMeny na qacx a 
fteroBoj oxai^^HHH na EopHcx. TaKO, CBarAa Le ocxaxH Jiene 

H HCXHHHXe MHCAH, EOJe jO EOKOJHHK y OBOJ KH.H3H Hayi^H 

Ap^aBHor npaBa ncsasao na np. y ^;iaHBy o nocxynnoM pas- 
BHJaH>y OBora npana, tao Be^iH^ Aa ce „OBa Hayna niia^ia n 
uoc;ie pe^opiiaiiHje (JopHXH, c joaho cxpane npoxHB ©ana- 
XH3Ma, KojH je H>y npexepHBaftei noA03pHxe;iHOM yqaHHO, a 



CnOMEH AHMHTPHjy MATIlTVy 203 

c Apyre CTpane npoTHB AecnoxHSMa, kojh je rohe h naj^H- 
cTHJa Haqe^a Kao 3jio^hhctbo ocy^^HBao.** OsHaqyjytH speMe 
OA ^paHiiecBe pesojiyiinje roBopH ji^B&e nHcai](: .Yina Haqo;ia 
Ap»aBHor npaBa iipoAp^a cy y napoA h Ty ce Ao6po yRO- 
peHHJia; HayKajeAa^B nanpeAOBajia. Ho ohh EOJHMajeHa- 
saAaK Ha cpi^y jie»ao, kojh cy ce CBaKor, Ayxy BpeieHa cxoa- 
Hor HanpeABa rposHJiH, MpsH^iH cy h oho HapoAne HORpeie 
c KOJHMa je HanpeAaK HsfiopeH, na h nayKy o Kojoj cy mh- 
c^iH^H, Aa je HopoA peBo^yiiHja; — ho norpeniHO cy cyAHjm, 
jep cy uoKpexH ohhx napoAa npoyspoKOBanH rpAHHM yApy^e- 
Ken napoAa oa CTpane B;iacHHK&. GpeAH>H BeR ca ohhm H>e- 
roBHM rposana HHJe ce Morao BpaxHTH . . . Jom Tpe(5a Aa ce 
Ha^ejia one nayKe pasrpaHajy, Aa BMnie y ^hbot npe^y; 
npeiAa be napaBHo h npenoH& 6hth . . . Kao mxo je h cnn- 
caxeAft 6hAo kojh cy (5;iaropoAHHM leatftaMa OAymeBAeHH ony 
Hayny HanpexKy boah^ih ; a 6h^o hx je h HMa hx Aanac la- 

ROBHX, ROJH B;1H KaO OPpaHH^eHH JMOBH HJIH 3($0r CBOJHX 

HaBaA&aqRBX xea^fta, Rao HHCRa opyl^a HAy na to, Aa ce 
npaBH ocBeTJi»eH yHHH nyx ocxann h npa^HOM cxpannyxHitoM 
no^e, ajiH cBaRoie nomxeHoi iHJiHJa je cnexjiocx oa xane".. 
TaBO H o rapaHTHJaMa 3a ycxanna napoAHa h jinqna 
npana nam nitcaii aP^'«i ce Aocxa nanpeAHor o/io^OAoyiHor 
npaBAa. GBa oBa npaBa, BeAH, xpe6a Aa ce y YcxaBy jacHO 
yxBpAe. y Hflxaay o cacxany npeACxaBHH^Ror hjih 3aK0H0- 
AaBHor xejia h o H36opHOM npany npoTHBan je orpannqefty 
no n^atafty nope3e (iieHsyc) ao H3BecBe Mepe, oco(5hxo y 
OHHM seMAaMa, xAe HMa najBHrae JbyAH cpeAfter cxaaa. IIo- 
MH&ytiH OHO MHm^efte neRHX hoahxh^rhx nHcai^a, rojh xBpAe 
Aa je Obaj rojh HMa mhofo Hsry^Hxn, Ma&e craoh noRpexHMa 
H 6yHaMa, Hero onaj rojh nena Hnrnxa mh HMa Majio Aa bs- 
ry(jH, BOjiH, Aa He xpe6a hh xo npeBHAexH, Aa nay^enocx, 
oxaqacxBOAy^Ae h nonixeH RapaKxep rojh ce hoamhxhxh ne 
Aa, He saBHce oa tforaxcxBa. 



^04 CBE^AHH CKyn cpncKOFA yiEHor A^yniTBA 

Jom je 3a oho AO(Sa Bp^o 3HaqaJH0, mio MaxHt oa- 
jij^Bo 6paHH naqe^o, a& ce h ApacaBHH qiHOBEHitH xory 6e- 
paTH y HapoAHO npeACxaBHHniTBo, Aa He 6h HapoA cSm ce6e 
viKHiHO caAejcTBa naMexHHX h yqenHx AyAH, A ochm Tora, 
Be;iH, A^ -^H be ce SBaHn^HHS 3a noc^aHHBa 6HpaTH, saBHCfi 
OA Tora, HMa 4h oh jaBHor noBepefta ; na ne Tpe(Ja qHHHTH 
OHO orpaHHqeH»6, thx BHOie, hito Bp^ena nocjianHKa 3aBHCH 
DorjiaBHTo OA fteroBHx ^ih^hhx oco(5HHa h oa aeroB Ka- 
paKTepa. TaKO hcto Aocxa cy y ft era nanpeAHe f jieno ho 
BpAO KpaxKO o6eAemevie mhuh HapoAy h napoAHOcxH, 
HapoAHOJ CBecxH, HapoAHOj oHwioco^HJH H X. A* — Ho HHCy 
OBaRo cjio6oAoyxHe mh(uh y namer noBOJHHKa HCKa3aHe y 
HeKHM ApyruM OAeJBitHMa one BftHre^ na np. y nnxafty, Ha 
qoMy ce ocHHBa ycxaBHa AP^^Ba tao Be^iH, a^* cy c npaBOX 
Apa^aBHO B^iacxH HepasABOJHO cKonqane nese (sap caMO 
Hese ?) Ay»HocxH ; h;ih, a^ c^ nayKa ApaaBHoi npasy mhofo 
ynanpeAH^a B^iaAOM OpHApHxa BejiHBor h i^apa JocH^a II. 
Bhah ce A& jo Xeoosa MarjiOBHxa Mexa^HsnWa A^^^HHi^HJa 
Ap^KaBHe MHCJiH H AP^ABHor saAaxBa hbbocho naJBHrne yxH- 
iia;ia na Hamera nncita, ho hcxo xaso h hobejo A^Mospax- 
CKe HAeje XBaxa;ie cy y aeroBOM Ajxy Kopena. 

KeroBa EftHxa, JaBHonpaBO EftasecxBaGp- 
<5HJe nonyHHAa je OHora BpoMena neoia ocexny noxpe6y y 
HiBOM H y JiHxepaxypH, B^iaAa My je 6H;ia Ha pyiiH, xe je 
HpiiKynHO H ypeAHo HSBope, k AP^saBHa h xe^ynapoAHa aKxa 
Ha BOJHxa ce ocHAna no^iHXHqRO dnlie none BHeateBHHe Gp6HJe. 
^psebn ce npenopyKe none^nxeji^cxBa, Kao mxo cfiM 
Be;iH, Aa CBara npooecop HMa CBoje nay^ne npoAMOxe 3a ne- 
qaxH>y cnpeMHXH, oh joh Ymho ApataBHo npaBO (xeo- 
pHJa AP»aBHor npaBa) h JaBHO npano Cp(JHJe hoahoo 
Hone^HieAcxBy h komhchjh, ho najnpe je obo Apyro nixaM- 
nano. Oh ce cxapao, asl „0Bn> aKxa y peA AOBOAe h rAe je 
Hy;KHO o6jacHH, ... ho y BeLe npexpece HHJe ce Morao ny- 



CnOMEH AHMHTPHJy MATHIiy 20S 

miaTfi. CBecT h hohoc HapoAHH, Be;iH y npeAroBopy, yasH- 
cflLe ce, RaA csaB noHH(vaH, saBO je 6hjio y Cp($HJH y no- 
^eiKy OBor crojieLa, a KaKo je caAa/ Y yBOAy Aao je KpaiaK 
nper^eA HCTopHJe npsor h Apyror yciaHKa, rAe na aaBpmeTKy 
sea^aJHO Ease o nponacxH cpncKOJ y 1813 foahbh: 

3,Kapa^op^a cy no BaroBopy npooeTHX sa Cptfajy AyA* 
OABpaxfl-iH OA BOJeBaH»a npoxHB TypaKa . . . Taj aecpeliBH 
npe^iasaK bosaob ynpenacTHo je Bojcsy i aapoA . . . Tasa 
a&aJiocBO cBpmHO ce oaaj cab,bee ycTaflas cpncRH, bojam ce 
Cp6HJa OA 1804 roAHBe ciapoj MaBH h bo^ih^hhh npatfjiH- 

saea^a Oa caA je oaa aa bobo flaji(pH>e yApy^ena 6iiiMy 

AOK joj 8opa ocjio6o^e&a sa bobo cBflxaTH BHJe no^e^a oa 
I],BeTH 1815 roABBe boa BAaAOM MflAoma OtfpeBOBBiia'' . . . 

npHABROM o6jamibeB>a rjiaBBHJHX 0ApeAa6a yciaBa h 
pasBHX XaTHmepB^a o npaBHMa Gp($HJe nflcai^ je qemhe y 
uotfoABOM H naTpBOTCKOM BpaBi^y Bano]fBB>ao BeAOCxaTse b 
HesroAe, Koje cy nponcxBitajie hs xaKBor cxaaa ApatasBe nox- 
^B>eBocxHy y EOH ce Bajia3B.ia Gptfeja. (Hupe Tsa^ait BauBcaa 
je AOijBBJe OBBiBpBBJe B xeieABBJe aqao o ApataBBOM npaBy 
Cp^Bje sa jeBponcKy ny6;iBKy, boa Bac^ioBOM ^Das Staats- 
recht Serbiens**). 



TeK CMo joAaB MaB>B Aeo jaBBor jEBBOxa Bamera noKoj- 
Bor Apyra AexBMHije Bper;ieAajiB, a Bet ce Mopaio y OBoj 
CBe^aBoj npB^iBitB orpaBM^EXB, Aa Apyrn Beta a^o b CBp- 
mexaK AOAHpaeio caMO y BaJKpynBBJBM Apxaia, ocxaBAajyLH 
AytJ^e npoyqaBaH>e ApyrBia b nosBBJeM BpeieBy. A h apB- 
poABo je, Aa y BojaBB SBaxBHJBX Jbjflfi npBo b BajpaABJe 
xpaxBHo Aa carjieAaMO no^exKe b npse My^ae 6op6e, aob 
ce Rapasxep b ja^e oco6HBe ^OBesa Be RpBcxaAflmy. EaA 
ly OBO 6;iB»e casBaMO, ocxajio ce CBe ^aRme b npapoABBJe 



L 



206 cBEqAHii CKvn cpiicKorA yqEHor APyinxBA 

caMO coiJoiif ncTHqe na noBpoiHHy. A Bpinii>ai](H h oi^aAHBa 
Bet H caMH BMa^iH cy npHJiHsy Aa npaxe h oiteH>y]y »hbot 
E Ae^a BH^eHHJHX JbyAH, Kao idto je (5ho AHMHipHJe MaTHb. 

y 8HaTHHJHM Aora^aJEMa o Gb. AflApejcROJ csynniTHHE 
H0BeK6pa H A6i(6M6pa Meceiia 1858 roA. MaxHii ce no CBOJoj 
HapaBH H npexa cbom no^osajy ap^^o CRJioH>eHO, se yTH- 
qykH jaBHO y KpynBa no;iHTHTOa nHTaita, Boja cy noBpexa^ia 
TaAa caB BapoA a oco(5bto Atmm h Baqejine napTHJe. J Ma- 
TDheBBM (Je^ieniKaMa Koje cy mh (Jn^e npHciynBe, ctojh npaa- 
BHBa DA KpHMCKor paia ao Cb, AHApejcKe CKynniTHBe, a h 
noate eia seniTO caHO eo^hro ce H>era AOTBi^ajio. Ho nosHaTO 
je, A^ jo OH raJHO npHJaxe&CRe Bese ca cBHMa SHaTHijiiM 
Mjia^HM AyAHMa HOBora c;io6oAoyMHor npaBi^a, xe ce H>Hi[a 
HCRpeno H npHApya&HO, RaA je AOin;io Bpeiie, a^ ce rabfom 
n HayROM yBOAO y AP^aBHH atHBOx Haqe^a h xe»H>e, Roje ce 
xoM HCxopHCROM npH^HROM HcxaRome Ha noBpniHHy. 

IIopeA OA(5opa rojh je HsaCpan na CBpniexRy cRynmxHHe 
paAH cnpeyafta cxpyqHHX npoA^ora 3a pe^opie, cacxaBAena 
je 6iiLA2i HapoqHxa ROMHCHJa, Roja je HMa^ia saAaxaR a^ h3- 
paAH naiipx 3a ype^eae cpncRor yHHBepcHxexa. Maxnl je Rao 
MME c joffl jeAHHM ApyroM OApe^eH 6ho Aa cacxaBH npoAJior 
HOBor ype^eH>a sa ^aRyjixex npaBHHX e Apa^&BHHx nayRa. 3a 
XHM je paAHO n y romhchjh 3a npoA^or hobox rpa^HCRor 
HOCxynRa na ocHony ycMOHOCXH h jaBHOCXH. A CRopo 3a xhm 
Hoo/ie poAOBHe Majiorocno^HHCRe CRynraxHHe y cenxeiitfpy 1859 
HOcxaBH ra RHe3 Mn^iom 3a noiieqHxe.i>a npocBexe. Y MaxHLe- 
BHH 6e^eniRaMa ma 3aHnHAHBHX noAaxaRa, ii3 Rojnx cobhah, 
RaRo je HOBH MHHHcxap npocBexe pasJiofflHo cxapoM Rneay 3e- 
MajLCRy noxpe6y Aa ce npHcxynH ocnHBaay cpncRor ynHBep- 
CHxexa, no3HBAyliH ce y xom na npHMop Hone rp^Re Rpa^e- 
BHne. A cxapH xaROBCRH jynaR ^eno ce OAa3Bao OBOJ mejbE 
cBora HOBor MHHHCxpa, h jom je peRao: „Jecx 6orMe, chhro, 
MoaeMo MH H 6oJbe oa rpgRe.** Ho noAHxnqRe Henpn^iHKe 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHTVY 207 

Kao H AOAHHJe, He AftAome, a^ ce obe BejiHKa npocseTHa mh- 
cao H3BpinH TaEO cKopo. 

MaTHt OACTjEH H3 MHHHCiapcTBa y Mapiy 1860 roAHHe 
yc^eA pasHHX xerofia Koje cy My koa ciapor Knesa ciBapane. 
IIpHCTa^iHiiaHa CTape Be^inBaniRe napinje no^e sa pysoM, a^ 
pasHHM cn^ieTKaMa 3aAo6HJy yiHi^aja y ABopy h y Haj(5;iH»oj 
OKo;iHHH RHesa MH^oma h npecio^iosaueAHnKa MnxaHAa. 
Mjia^e KOAO AyAH kojh AaAome npasaA Aorat^aJHia oa Cb. 
AHApejcKe CKynniTHHe, 6h;io je Beh y no^iHTH^KOj 6op6H no- 
THCHyTO 6 noBpfflHHe H KOA o6a KHesa oK^ieBeTano, Kao Aa 
je sapaaieHO lejEKaiia peBO^yitHOHHM h Aa ctojh y BesH c ne- 
KM TdJHHM luaHOM, A^ ce Ha npecTo Cp6nje AOseAe jeAaH 
pycKB KHe3. CrapH H3HeM0MH Mh^iohi neniTO je h noBepoBao 
oBaKOM HOTBopaH>yy na ce h noaeo 3a obhm cnAexKaHa. Oh 
no^e A^BaTH laxa npacTa^eiiaMa BOJiHRaniRHx napTHJa, ohh- 
pytH ce OMJiaAHHCKOJ cxpyJH Koja je xpaatHJia ycxanne pe- 
^opie. Oh uo cxapocxH h cm6ocxh cbojoj, a HaBHKHyx hs 
paHHJer Bpeiena na caioB^acHy ynpany, nacxaBH MemaxH ce 
y CBe AP»aBHe h cyACKe nocjioBe, qecxo o^HJiaseliH MHHHcxpe 
H HaA^eatne OAroBopne B;iacxH. 

y TO Bpeie (5aBH^a ce y D^apHrpaAy napo^Hxa cpncKa 
AenyxaifHJa, Kojy je H3ac^ao rhos Mh^ohi, a& HspaAH roa 
Ilopxe, Aa ce H3Bpnie OApoA^e XaxHraepn^a oa 1830 roA- 
Hcejbefty TypaKa h3 BaponiKHX OAeAeaa y MecxHMa rAe cy 
rpaAOBH y Gp6HJH(^). B^aAa RHemena cxapa^ia ce, a^ sa Bpexe 
AOK ce xa Aonyxai(HJa 6aBH;ia y Il^apHrpaAy, fle 6yAe ca cpu- 
CRe cxpane noBOAa RaRBOi nesaAOBOJbcxBy roa Ilopxe, a na- 
poqexo ce na3HJio na H3pa3e jaBHor MHm^eKa h mxaMne. 
ToxoBO CBa nojiHXH^Ra mxaMua y Cp6HJH 6H;ia je xaAa npeA- 
cxaBAena y C4y»6eHHM CpncRHM HoBHHaMa h y jeAHOM 



(*) y OBOj AenyxauHjii 6h,ih cy 0Apet)eH» : Ubctko PajOBHh, 
Jo laii PucTiih II iipora Joeau IlaB.ioeiih. 



208 CBE^AHu CKyn cpncKorA y^iEHor APvniTBA 

BesaBHCHOM ;iHCTy. GpncRe HoBHHe HHa^e cy ypeAHKEa no- 

CTaBJLeHa SBeseBHM yRasoM sa ochobh yroBopa noxBpl^eHor y 

ApaaBHOM CaBeiy (*), h Mor;ie cy ce ao aeKe lepe KpexaTH 

AOCTa caiocTaJiBo y oi(eH»HBaH>y nojaBa yflyTpainB»e H CDOJbHe 

no^iHTHKe. y ciapaay sa A0(5ap ycnex cpncKe AenyraiiHJe y 

D^apHrpaAy Knes MH^iora napeAH, a* itenaypy hba CpncKHM 

HoBHHaia ApsH c&m MHHHCxap npocBexe, /l,HMnTp]^e MaTEL. 

y lasBHM npHJiEKaia npncia^iHite BeJiHsamRHX crpanaEa 

noc;iyae ce cn;ieTKOM, a^ yaiy itenaypy hs pyny AHMiipHja 

MaTBha H Aa My no.ioataj b noBepeH)e koa Knesa noxKonajy, 

xe cKopo 3a xbm Aa H ypeABHmxBO CpncKHx HoBHHa AoCnjy 

y CBOJe pyKb. Obh BaroBope npycKor KOBsy^ia MeposHJa, xe 

OAO KBoay H peKBB My, Aa tie cxBap cpncKa y D^apHxpaAy 

ocxaxH (5e3 ycnexa, aKo ce Be cnpeqe BeKe BOMB^ie nojaBe 

y cpncKOJ fflxaMBH y BeorpaAy KoJBMa ce Bpe^ Typcsa. y 

HcxBBB BBJe 6e;io BBBaRBa pas^iora be noBOAa sa OBaj RopaR 

sacxynBBRa jeABO Be^iBRe npEJaxe^CRe CBjie roa RBeaa, D^e^ia 

cxBap OBe onoMeEe CBOAB^ia ce Ba aeRy 3ace6By Majiy necMa- 

paay, y Rojoj ce noMEB>axy HpHspeB B Kocobo, Roje xpe6a 

ocBexBXE B noBpaxflXB. necMapBiia je, ro^iero ce cebaM, mxaM- 

naBa o xponiRy npHBaxBor avlub,, a nperjieAaBa je oa pOAOBBor 

iteBSopa Kocxe BpaBROBElia, npo^ecopa a»B;iocooHJe, bbxe je 

MBBEcxap npocBexe MaxHt 3Bao mxo roA o xom. Ho npoxEB- 

bhi(b MAaAe c;io6oAoyMBe cxpaBRO yAece cxBap roa RBe3a, Rao 

Aa je MaxBk RpBB, nixo je iieB3ypa BponycxEJia noMeByxy ne- 

CMapMiiy. y CABA xora rros Mb^obi 0Ay3e MaxBhy iieB3ypy 

BBA GpncRBM HoBBBaMa E npeAaAB je y pyRe xaAa&eM 

sacxynBHRy MBBBCxpa cboabbx nocJiOBa Kocxe D^yRBty ("). 



(*) IlHcaa OBHx BpcTa 6ho je xa^a ypeAHiiK. 

V* Tom npH4HK0M khos Mh-ioui noaBa k ce6u MHHHCTpoBa 3a- 
CTynHiiKa I](yKHha u c h>hm sajeAHO ype^Huna CpnCKHX HoBHBa, 
na HM peqe : «Eto, icaKBe mh nearoAe aaAajy hobhho! Hehy BHrae Aa 
Mil c THM AOcal)yjy Konay-iH. Bac ABOjima OAroBapahexe mh, na ao- 
6po rjcAajTe." 



CnOMEH 4IlMUTPIIjy MATHlVy 209 

Osaj 6p3o Ha^e npHJiHKy, xe DpeAJioaH KHeay, a* ce 
npoK6H£ H ypeAHHB ^GpncBHX HoBHHa.'' Haj6jiH2(H noBOA 
sa OBy npoMOHy 6eme jeAan qjianaE y HoBHHaMa, Bojn ce 
AOKasHBajiOy BaKO 6e noTpe($Ho h npaBO 6eao, a& ce npexa 
HesaBHCHOM yHyxpanifteii noAosajy Op6HJe ypeAe ysajaiHH 
OAHOCH H3iie^y CptfHje h AycrpHje Ha ochobh npaBH^Hocrn, h 
Aa ce yKHHe isyaeTHO noBjiamiieHH nojioa^aj aycTpHCKHX no- 
AaHHBa y Gptfaji ca BOHcyjiapHnM cyACTBoi. OBaj ^jianaK 
o<JeAe»eH je taAa y Hamei MHHHCTapcTBy choahex noc^OBa 
Bao AHps^G y aycrpHCBe HHiepece. A BaA no^eTBOH anpa^ia 
CpncBe HoBBHe AOHeme jeAan qjianaB o nocTaH>y h no- 
jaBH neHsype y JeBponn, TaAa sacrynHHB MHracipa npo- 
CBere h iieHSop ^GpncBHx HoBHHa'' aaTpa^BH, xe BHes Mh- 
Jiom OAyse ype^HBa^e oa xaAannbera ypeAHHBa h napo^HTHi 
nHCMOM napeAH BapomBoj ynpaBn, a^* ce OBaj npoiepa y 
CBOje KecTo po^eB»a, no nrro ce ^Jio, a^ jo HaiepaH noBpe- 
Hyrn hob caxocxajiaH ^hct hoa nasHBOH HapoAHO Ho- 
BHHe. EaA o tom Aosna BHes Muxan^io, oh HspaAH boa 
CBora onjA yBas bojhm je ypeAHHB GpncEHx HoBana 
npeia yroBopy noBpafcen y AP»aBHy cjiyat6y, c no;ioaBajeM 
sasaB je pannje HMao. 

IIpeHa OBHK Aora^aJHKa /l^HHExpHJe Maxiti Hopao ce 
yB^OHHXH ca cxoJiHite iHHHcxpa npocBexe, no mxo ce boL sa- 
HepHo cxapoM Bnesy y c^oa HOcarjiacHor MHmA>eH>a o ca- 
crasy h paAy flSBecHO boxhchjo sa hobo ype^ene bhoihx 
cyAOBa. Obhh eoboaom o6a MHHHCxpa, npocBexe h npaBAe, 
AaAome ocxaBBe, ho camo MaxHb 611 paspemen a MHHHcxap 
npaBAe h A^ube saAp^an y c^ya^tfe. Y snaB BneaieBor nesa- 
AoBOJbCTBa npeia MaxHky B^iaAa ne xxe oBOMe no saBony 
BpaxHxn H>eroBo npe^mfte lecxo y Boahbom cyAy, Hero je 
lopao npoBecxH c ©aMH^HJOM (Jes cjiyat6e ao jecenH Hcxe ro- 
AHHe. TeB no cipxH BHesa Mn^ionia npaxH ce MaxHL y c^iy- 
»6y Ha CBOje mecxo y cyAy, napoAtJoM Bnesa MnxaH^ia. Apjre 

TAkcumn LXIX. 1^ 



210 cBEqAHH CKvn cpncKorA y^EHor apvihtba 

roAHHe (1862) noA MHHHcxapcTBoii HjiHJe rapamaHMa no- 
GTase MaxHlia sa r;iaBHor cespeiapa y /l^psasHOK GaBeTj. 
Oa oBora BpeieHa HacTaje fteroB BeiiH EH>HseBHH paA, 
napo^HTO Ha HcTopHJH a»HJioco«HJe h na HayAH o 
BacnHxaiby. KpHiEBa OHora BpeMena fl,2iA& je noB3j>Hy 
oi^BHy OBHM nayqHHM Ae-^HHa Hamera noKoJHHEa. J kkh- 
ffiBBHOM ;iHCTy BhjIh (6p. 33 oa 1865 roA.) r. AjiBMOBJe 
BacHJbeBHii npHKasyjyiiH OBaj paA MaTH&eB na oh;iocoockoj 
Hayi^H Be;iH, a^ ^^ uojaBa OBase Kftifre h y EH>HseBHOCTH 
ApyrHX HanpeAHHJHX HapoAa 6iiiAU, aquo npHMJbeBa, a y sac 
join BHBie y caAaibe Ao6a, Koje je Bet totobo CByAa y JeB- 
ponir o6e^e»eHO Kao Ao6a MaxepHJa^iHSMa, HenoroAHo sa no- 
EpeTaH>e h pemaBaibe bbbibx nHTaH>a BapaBCTBene JbyACse 
iipnpoAe. KpflTB^ap ce paAyje ycnexy npHpoAHHx nayEa, ho 
He paAyje ce HCEAy^HBocTH m jeAHOcxpaHOCTH eojom ce one 
Epeky H o6pa^yjy. SaAaxaE je Hcxopaje OT;ioco*HJe, Be;iH, 
Aa noEa»e EaEO ce uocxyoHO pasBHJa CBecx AyACEa o ce(jB 
caKoj H OHOM mxo je OEpysaBa. KH>iira MaxnteBa HHcana 
je HO IIlBer;iepy, OHa h3hoch HOBHJe pesy^ixaxe ao eojhx je 
Aocne^a HCxopHJa ©B^ocooaje. IIpaBa h naJBaatHHja BpeAHOcr 
CBaEe cpncEe EBure 6BJia 6h, a& ce no H>oj Mory qHxaoiiH 
uosnaxH ca A^HaniBHM cxaH>eM nayEe. Easyje npHiepoH, Easo 
cxapH rpqEH a^H;iocoo XepaEjiHx OApe^yje ne^HXH xoe npn- 
poAe H Be^Hxe y boj npoMene, saEO CoEpax osna^yje Bp- 
;iHHy (Ao6poAexeA) a ApHCxoxejio AP»aBy. MaxHt Hajnpe y 
EpaxEo EapaExepHffle CBaEy cHCxeMy, na OHAa noEaayje ftena 
ocHOBHa Haie^ia h peayjixaxe ...Ay noxBajiy H>eroBy noace 
ce peiiH, Aa je oh y HeEOM cinc^y npoEp^HO y Hamoj eh>h- 
ateBHOCXH nyx os^hahom Hayraoi paAy, h cxBopHo xaEO pefca 
4»h;ioco*ceh jesHE.* 

Ho neMaqEa oHjiocooiHJa no Xer;iOBOM CHCxeiiy HHJe mo- 
rjia saAOBOAHXH no3HXHBBe naywe xeatH>e h noxpefie jbyA- 
CEora Ayxa, xhm Ma&e, mxo je oHa Mexa*H3H^EHM xeopH- 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHHy 211 

jaHa H daMpmeHHM A^^QHitiiHJaMa naMepaBajia a^ nocjiymif 
Kao cpeACTBO ho^hthtohm npycKHM h neMaqKHM TeatH>aMa 3a 
npeMotHOM B^aAOM neMa^Kor napoAHor Ajxa u HeMaqKe kjji- 
Type y cBeTy. H^eo atHBOT h Kpeiaite He(5pojeHHx cBeioBa y 
Bace^eHH no Xer;iOBOj *if^oco*nJH HaMeaeHif 6h 6hjih r^iaBHO 
y My»6y Hamoj Majioj n;iaHeTii h na h>oj jeAHHO y KopBCT 
OAa({paHOJ BpcTH 3Ki!BHx CTBopeita, nrro ce 30By Ay^CKH po^. 
Cano ce y obom JbyACKOM poAY nojaBAy.je y Bace.ienH iTAeja 
(ioaiija y nyHOM h npaBOM ofijiHKy, caio ce y ftemy orjieAa 
Be^Ta MyApocT h naMepa TBopita CBexa. CaB ncTopScKH pas- 
BHTHK ^OBe^ancTBa Aoenrao ^h BpraaK, sghht cboj y ^ep- 
MaHCKnx napoAa a norjiaBHTo y HeMa^KOM n;ieMeHy, Koje 6h 
(5o»HJHM npoMHc;iOM OApel)eHo 6viA0 Aa nac^ieAH piiMCKy ua- 
peBHHy H Aft ocTBapii HAea;i xpflnAaHCKe ynHBepcaAne mo- 
HapxHJe, Kao niTo je npycKoj ApaRaBHOJ mhcjih HaMeaeHo, 
Aa npecyAHo 3aA0(5HJe npeMok y HeMa^Kor napoAa. 

Gjir6ov cy 0A3HBa Ha^asH.ie y Aymw Oi^aAHHe neja- 
cie xeopeMe n ancrpaKijiTJe y mhcth^koj h ApafaBHOj Xe- 
rjioBOJ oHJiocojHJH, Kojoj je MHc;ino Aain Bnrae 5KBB0Ta u 
cjaJHocTH 6ep^HHCKH MflffleAe, npoa»ecop n npHJaieA MaTateB. 
Meia^HSH^Ke chjiom CKpn^eHe Ae^anHUHJe o Ba^e;iy h iipaH3- 
Bopy cseia, o Bory h o nojaBH (JoffiMJe HAeje Mel)y JsyAUMa, 
(iecKpaJHocTH npocTopa n BpeMena, o pasanty AyACKor 
yMa H HecaMpiHOCTH Ayme, o saAamy AyACKora atHBOia y 
nopoABAH, n^ieMeny h ApacaBH, — Ae^HHHijHJe Boje cy y ne^eM 
HajiH^H^e Ha opaKy^cKe h cKO^iacTH^Ke *opMy;ie HayranKa 
CpeAH>era BeKa h3 niBo^ie cb. ToMe oa AKBHHa, n Koje h 
caie XerjioBe npncia^iHi^e KaA niTO HHcy paaysieBa^ie, 6H;ie 
cy cyBOTie MpmaBe h MpiBe a* A^Ay SApaBe AynieBHe xpane 
waAHM cpncKHM ynoBHMa H3 neAeceiHX h mesAeceTHX roAHHa 
OBora BeKa, KaAa ce npHpoAne nayKe ca cpetnoM npHMeHOM 
ftHxoBHX peay^Taia na AyACKM atHBOT HciaKonie CByAa a oco- 
6mto y HnrjiecKoj, OpanijecKoj h AnepHitH Kao CBex^ocx bo- 



212 CBB^AHH CKVn CPnCKOFA y^EHor APyniTBA 

AHJLa y pasBHTRy j>yA6Ror ApyniTBa h AHBHJiHsai^HJe. Majio 
no Majio nocra y hec jacHO, Aft cyA($HHa nojeAHHor qoBeRa 
Bao H HapoAa ae saBiicn oa Hese c^y^ajne h TajaiGTBeHe 
BHme BOJLe hjih LyAn; ho aa J6 osa noaA6AaB MHonx Ma- 
TepHJaMHX H MopajiHHX npHJiHBa, seKiiBmTa, iLiiMe, npH- 
poAHe OKo;iHH6, Bepe, B^aAaBHHCKor i npiBpeAHor cHCTeMa^ 
AOMaLer h jaBHor o6pa30BaH>a h t. Am h aa je CBe obo no- 

CJ16AaR H CTHAaj paHHJHX OHSfl^RBXy eTHOJomux H HCTOpd- 

CRHX yspoRa n mmeuiinSi,. 

noROJHH MaTub HHJe ce saHOcno cetfmHii noAiinqRHM 
HAejaxa Xer^ose $HJioco«HJe. On ce HBJe ahbbo yrjieAHia 
HeMa^Re jynRepcRe h ancoAyiHe BJiaAaBHHe, he HeRAy^Hoj 
npeBjiacTH neiaqRor Ayxa y CBexy. On je BOJieo BHCORe ko- 
pajiae h noAHTi^Re ysope bs crape R^iacH^Re HCTopHJe, rpwe 
H pEMCRe, npeMa ROJEia je ipasEo AOcroJHe cjiERe e npE- 
;iHRe H8 name noBEJe napoAne HciopEJe, AOBOAetH ex y Besy 
ca c^o6oAHO]i AOMORpaTCROM CTpyjoM Roja noRpebe jeBpon- 
cjie napoAe oa BpeieHa EHoecRe e «paHi(ecRe peBo^yiiEje. 
G Tora je oh EMao y cBOJe Ao6a BOAERa yxEi^aja na Oiuia- 
AEHy, ROJa je y 1848 e 1849 roA. OAymeBAeno npaTEJia ae- 
roBa npoAaBafta. Ona My je cEMnaTEJe CBOje caqyBa^a e ao^ 
noBHEJBX A&Ha^ RaAa je onrnxBi car^iacjei, oa CTpase 6eo- 
rpaACRor OM^aAEHCRor e onniTHBCRor OA($opa 6eo noqacTBO- 
Bafl, TO je npeo6paaieH>y 1867 roAEHe npBE noBApasEo 
oMJiaAEHCRe BsacjiaEHRe eb CBEjy cpncREX Rpajena e otbo- 
pHo h>exob 86op, RojB CO cacTEO y BeorpaAy. 

Be^ERE ycnex npEpoAHEX sayRa y HajnoBEje AO($a HEJe^ 
ocrao 6e3 yiEi^aja e sa npanaA RB>EseBflor paAa y Hamera 
Henpesai>eBor noRoJHEEa, oco($eto y H>eroBEi[ noaAeAftEM 
orjiOABMa EaHayitE o BacnExa&y. H&eiiyjecaA 6bao 
jacBO, Aa cy ByAa, MojcBJe e XpEcroc (Jejie HajseliE npo- 
poitE E TBopi(fl CBeicREX peAEPEJa; a EonepHER, PajiEJiej^ 
H>yTOfl E AapBEH naJBetiE HayqflEi(E EOBora seRa. 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPMJy MATHIiy 213 

EaRBa rojieia pasjiHRa y pesy^iTaTy na np. H3M6^y 
:EHrji6CRe MaTepHjajiECTHqRe oH^ocoMJe jom h3 Apyre no;io- 
B8H6 1 7 BeRa, H Hema^Re HAea^HcxH^Re ^HAocoraje hs Apyre 
noJioBBHe 18 H npBe no^iOBHse 19 BeRa. Tamo Xo6ec HCTHHa 
noRymaBa, a& Ha ochobh npaRTH^ne h npHpoAHe oEAOCMmje 
^npaBAa noTpetfy i RopncT ancojiyrne BJiaAaBHie. Ho oh y 
HCTO Ao6a nponoBOAa, a& j^ saAaxaR «H;ioco«nje, aa npoA- 
BHAi nocjiOAaR h3B6Chhx yspoRa h Aora^aja Aa ce b»hk 
nocjsysH aa noxpetfe sHBOxa. Oh je jacHo AORasao, a& «h- 
jioeoM H 6oroc40BH He snajy fotobo HHrnia 603 snafta npH- 
poAHflx HayRa. Oh je npaBH noc;ieAHHR 3HaMeHHTor ocHHBaqa 
iHAyRTHBHe KexoAe, BaRona, h &hxob 3ajeAHHqRH yrHAaj hot- 
Rpenjben AOi^HHJe «hjioco«hjom cjio^OAoyMHor .loRa h npona- 
jiacROM Be^iHRor MaTeMaTH^apa EbyxoHa, AonpHneo je mhofo 
Aa ce shbox h pa3BHxaR BHr^ecRor napcAa noRpene narjio 
npaRXHWHM AotiHxi^HKa, ynanpe^e&y napoAHor laxepHJa^Hor 
<$jiaro€xafta, qyBajybH npn tok BOROBSMa ocBebeHe ocHOse 
ApsaBHor poAa, no6osHOCxH h ao^phx ^apoAHiiX otinqaja. 
BaROH H AeRapx jom nopnitaxy KonepHHROB eyn^aHE cncxei, 
a Xo6e€ My npR3Haje nyny aasHocx e HcxHHy. 3((or necpeba 
1 paxoBa Roje Aonoce pasne Bepe y le^yeo^HOM pa3Aopy h 
Tpseay, XoCec 6paHH jeAHy ApataBny Bepy, a *H;ioco«HJy 
oeHHBa Ha npHpoAHOM pa3yMy. Oh 6paHH naqejia anrojiyxne 
lOHapxHJe, HO ocHHBa ApsaBy Rao h Fyco na na^e^y y3a- 
JaMHor yroBopa, h ne npH3Haje npaBO pa3JBRe H3Me^y Apym- 
TBeHHX H rpa^ancRHX cxa^esa. 

3a &HM AOJiaBH SHaMeHHXH «H^0CO» IJlOE JloRe, rojr 

^BoJHi CHHCOM JLyACROM ca3HaH»y npecyAHO o6plie no6eAy 
Ha crpany noanxEBHe npHpoAHe MexoAe. Jom h A^Hac Hxa 
y HeiaqROJ xaRO HasBanHX MJioco«a, rojh y cBOJoj yo($pa- 
seHOJ Kexa^HBHqRoj nayqenocxH nflmy npocxpaie pacnpane 
•0 exBapafty ^ornqHHX nojxoBa, h npn xok ce XBa^e a& to 
qiHe Ha OCHOBH xaqnor npoMaxpaH»a ynyxpamftHX oceLafta, 



214 CBE^AHU CKVn CPllCKOFA vqEHor 4PyniTBA 

a OBaMO II He MHC^e, a^ ce Ha jyeuj/i y h>hxobhh cotfaiia h 
ROA AUBji>aKa Mory CBaRH vac BHAexH u qyTH npBe nojaBe h 
BHaiJiH, Rafto ce cxBapajy npBo6HTHH noJMOBH h RaKO ce hs 
H>HX MHCJiH pa3BHJajy(*). AoKe AORasyje, RaRo HaH naJHpe 
qy;ia caonmTaBajy HSBecHe npocie HA^je, wacoBe, 6oje hta^ 
HameM ocetaBy npHApyatyje ce yHyxpamihe onaataae (pe- 
ojieRCHJa), ji TO cy Be^ia, jeAHHH nposopn, Rojaia ce pacBe- 
TJbaBa noHp^HHa HeotfpaaoBaHor pasyia. Obbm xBp^e&eH ao- 
(Jame caA 3Havaja h cxape ApHCToxe^OBe nocxaBRe, Roje Be^e, 
Aa je Aynia npao^HXHo qHcxo npasHO noAe (tabula rasfi.)^ 
xe Aft ce hh y Ajxy He Moate jaBHXH HHmxa, mxo HHJe npe 
(5d^o y HaniHM qyMMa. AoRe je c ycnexoM nBcao o Bepo- 
SaROHCROJ H BOMXH^ROJ xpne^HBOcxH, OBacHHxaiby, o 
B^iaAH H pasyMHOM XpHmiiaHCTBy. Oh je MHoro 
BOHorao, A& yxBaxH y HnrjiecROJ Ropena cjio6oaho HCRasH- 
BaH>e HHCJiu H yBepeftft y BeposaRoncRHH, nayqHBM n noMn- 

TB^RHH CTBapHMa. ObH BBFJieCRH flpBaifH OHJIOCOM )i3 17 

BeRa HMajiH cy Be^HRa yxBnaja na pasBHxaR c^otfoAoyMHHX 
opaHi^ecRBx Hay^HHRa y 18 BeRy, no3HaxHx hoa HasHBOM 
Efli^HRJioneAHcxa, rojh cy paAH^iH a* CBe rpane AyA- 
cRora 3HaH>a o($paAe.H npena HaJHOBBJBM pe3y;ixaxHMa nayRe 
npHRaaty napoAy y ^aROM, cBHMa AOcxynnoM o6^HRy. 

y HeiaqROJ xeR no^ia BeRa AOilHHJe ocBaja 3eMAHmxe 
iio3HXHBHa oH^ocoMJa, H HeMavRH Be^HRH noexe-*Bjioco*H 
niH^iep H Texe, npBH HAea^ncxa a Apjr^ ^^^^ pea^ncxa, y 
CBOJHM HA^jaiia CBeiy, o Bory, o HCxopHJn h cyA^HHH na- 
poAa OAtfHqy A^'-^eRO npeA xeopHJaMa 3BaHHqHHX ap^abehx 
MJioco*a H3 XeMOBe mRO^e. Sna ce a* je jom Texe naspeo 
BeAHRO Haqe;io npapoAHor nocxaBa h noxnynor pa3BHia Ba- 
^e;ieHe, Roje je 3a xhm OpaHi^y3 jlaiapR 3ace6HO otfpa^a- 
Bao, a noc^ie ra CJiaBHH A^-Pbhe y nojeAHHOCXHia hsb^o h 



() Friedrich Lange, Geschichte des Moterialism"s, I. 26^. 



cnOMEH AHMHTPHJy MATHTVy 2 ! 5 

noTBpAHO HajjacHHJHM AOKasHMa H3 ^e.loEy^Ho^ 6H.Mor » 
iBHBOTHftCKor eBeia. Ho Xer^o h ifceroBH yqenHi^B 6h4h cy 
join HenpHCTynBH 3a oBe enoxa^ne nojaBe. Obh cy HsocxajiH 
He caMO E3a KanxoBe ^KpHTHKe qacTor yna** h nsa IIInHHo- 
3HHe naHTeHCTH^Ke oH.ioco^HJe, ho y HSBecHOM cMHO/iy ocxa^ia 
cy 3a 2000 roAHHa Ha3aA H3a axoMHCXH^Ee mKo^e cxapora 
rpqKor ^Bece^ior** ©wocom A^MOKpHxa, kojh je jom xa^a 
yiiHO, Aa HHinxa ne 6HBa c^yqaJHO, ho CBe Hia CBora yspoKa, 
CBOJe HyatHocxH, n ^a He6pojeHH cboxobh nocxajy h necxajy 
JBAaH nopcA Apyrora, h jeAan sa ApyrHM. Be^HKH ApHCxo- 
xe^eB yM ca cbojom ^opMajiHOM ;io^hkom h A^AyKTHBHOM le- 

XOAOM MHC^HO je Aa 0(iopH /l,eM0KpHX0B CHCXeM aXOMHCXMKe, 

AOKasyjytH norpeniHO, a^ ochm OBora namera co6om orpa^e- 
Hor cBexa neia Apyrnx CBexoBa. Ho HOBHJa nayKa noxBp- 
AHJia je /I,eMOEpHxoBy MHcao, 

y yBOAy CBojoj Hcxopnjn ©H^ocoMJe MaxHt AP^Retn 
ce Xer^oBe niKo;ie, OApe^yje 3aAaxaK oh;ioco*hjh, a^ npoy- 
qaBa, „EaKo cxojh qoBes npena cBexy (cyCjesax npeiia o6- 
jesTy), MHiHJbe&e npeMa 6flky. HcxHHHxa on^oco^HJa, Be^H, 
AOBOAH xo ABoje, nixo ce noKa3yje Eao npoxHBHo, onmxeM 
ocHOBy. Taj je ochob 6osaHCEa flA^ja, anco^yxna MHcao Eoja 
j^ yj^AHO 6Hlie . • . YMa je nocao a* ce no3Ha xo jeAHH- 
cxBO. HcxopHJa M^iocoMJe noEa3alie Eoja je cncxeia xo no- 
cxHMa .... PpqEa M;iocoMJa jom HHje AoniJia ao xora, ^,B, 
yBBAH Aa DMa one npoxHBHocxH(?) H3iie^y ^OBeKa h 
CBexa, H3Me^y mho/ih h fiHta . . . Tes y *hjioco*hjh cpeA^er 
BeEa (y CEo^acxH^KOj (Jofocjiobhjh) ca3Ha;io ce 3a oho oa- 
Bajaae . . . Kapxesnje HCEaBao je uoy3AaH>e, a* ce MHmjie- 
fteM Hose casHaxH HCXHna; ho noqen oh iieo o6nM Bepe 
Ha cxpaHy ocxaBAa, xo je aeroBa oH;ioco©HJa Mor^ia AotiH ao 
HBKe HBBecHOCXH, ajiH jom HHje nocxHrjia HCXHny. KapxesHJy na 
cynpoT cxoJH IIInHH03a ca cbojom nayEOM o A^jcxBHxe^HOcxH 
(peajiH3My) h caiocxa^iHoj cymxHHH (anco^iyxna cyncxaniiHJa), 



216 CBEHAHH CKVn CPnCKOFA y^EHOr APymTBK 

a TO CB6 HSJiasH y naHTeHsaii. EeHHrctfepniRH oHJioeoo KaHT 
CTaje y cpoAHHy H3Me|^y tbx npoiHBHocTH ennHpisiia h Mora- 
^HSHRo; OH H6 orpaHH^aBa iCTHHy hh Ha yii hh Ha Bopy, 
HO saBpmyje HCTHne pasyma y Bepn, a hb Bepe hsboah no- 
JaBe yia . . . MeTa^HSHsa yiia HSMnpyje (?) to otfe crpane, 
no^em je eoa Eania h $HXTea to HspaBHase naAajio BHOie 
^a cTpany ^oBOEa (cytfjeExa), a eoa Dle^iHHra na CTpany 
o6jeETa, H TeE je Xe'^jio namao h nosasao noAJeAHaEy Hepy 
sa o6e crpane . . . Obh HAeja^HSMH thmo ce pasjiHEyjy jeA&n 
OA Apyrora, hito y eojiheo je eojh BoLiia ycneo y pasBHTEy 
MyApyjyter (oHjiocoocRor) Ayxa, y tojiheo ce y ReroBoj 
CHcreMH yMHH cbbt qHCTHJe noEasyje Eao ancojiyTHa HManeH- 
ilHJa, Rao noTHyno jeAHHCTBO ((HLa h hhcjih, sao cpoACTBo 
Bora H qoBOEa** . . . 

Ha oBora ce bhah, a^ je MaTHL y pannje AO(Sa 6eo 
uiMajbeihs.^ AA je XerjioB HAeajiHCTHqsH n ancojiyTHH cHCTeii 
4>HjiocooHJe noroAHo HajtfojSbH motoa aa HCTpasHBaH>e hcthho. 
Ho OAMax aa thh, roBopeLs o nojiiy HCTopHJe OHJiocoMJe, 
oh ce y HOEO^iHEo caH HcnpaBji»a, HajaBj^yjybH a& je mao- 

COftBJH npeAMBT HCTO OHO, HITO H ApyrHM eMnHpHCKHM Hay- 

saia: cTBop h nopeAaE CBOTa, CE^on h paA&a qose^HJer 
Te^a, HMOBHHa, npano h AP^^Ba, ~ cse to cnaAa y ohjio- 
.co«HJy, n ona ce oa h>hx. bojih, paajiHsyje cane no iieTOAy, 
no HauHy npoyqaBa&a. Jl,H,Jbe aaiiepa Xer^y, hito je Eaaao, 
Aa cHCTOMe OH;ioco*HJe y hctophjh HAy jeAHa aa Apyroi 
onaEOy Eao hito HAy saTeropHJe y CHCTeiiH jioj^heo, h hito 
je CBOJe HaqeAO nysnocTH npoTepao TaEo, Aft ce h»bm hohh- 
nnaBa oao6o^b, j^yACsor paAa. IIpH CBeiiy tom MaTHL, aaBp- 
myjybn cBOJy HcropHJy Ohjiocomjo c Xer^oii ((ea EpHTHse 
H ($ea noMeAa na naJHOBHJe ycnexe npHpoAHHx nayEa n no- 
auTHBHe oHAOCoocEe msojio ocraBHo je npaanHHy, Eoja ce ho 
Aa upecEo^HTH. — H can EnHEyp y Tp^soj h jlyEpeiuije 
J PHMy crajaxy 6jiHffle hobhjoj noaHTHBHOJ nayitH, nero Xe- 



CnOMEH 4iIMHTPIUy MATHlvy 217 

r^o H fteroBa HAeajiHciH^sa mEOJia. Jom Xiaapx y A^ieReaH- 

APHJH 6hO je OCHHBa^ fiHAJRTHBHe 16X046, ROJOM C6 npi- 

poAHe HayR6 a oco($hto acxpoHOHHJa pa3BHin6 y hobhJ6 jiodeL 
AO BicHfle, Roja ce J6ABa Morjia c;iyTHTH. A $HXTeoB cy6- 
jeRTHBHH HAeajiHsaii, UlejiHHroB otfjeRXHBHB (xpaHeaeHA6HTHH) 
c nepHOAOM tfosHJer oxEpoBeB[»a, h X6rjioB anco;iyxHH HA6a- 

AHSaH C fterOBOM AHJaJieRXHROll I ll6XatH8HR01l(^) yHOCH^lH 

cj y HayRy bhiii6 3a(SyH6 h A&Hry(S6, H6ro cb6Tjiocxh h npa- 
Bor oHJioco«CRor Ayxa. 

Fa A noRoJHor /I^HHHxpija Haxnia Ha HcxopHJH mao- 
coMJe npo($yAHO J6 ea cBaRH Ha^HH BeLy Bo^sby h yxaRMfliiy 
soA ouaAHHe H RB[»KS6BH]iRa sa pacnpaBjbafta eayqEHX ni- 

Xa&a 0B6 BpCXe. ObO C6 HapO^HTO nOXBpAHJlO BaHHIIjbHBHM 
^HJIOCMCRHM paAOBHMa H RpHXHRaMa H6R0^HI|HHe BU^6HHX 

jqeux JhjAViy Rao mxo cy 6hjih npooecopH BeJiHR6 IIlRO^ie 
AjinnHJe BacHj^eBBL h MiJiaH EyjyH^Hb, qHJ6 cy noA6]iHqH6 
M Hay^He nytf^HRaKHJe npaLeee Heotfi^Hoii nasftOM. 



VI. 

RftHraiia MaxH&eB6 UayR6 o BacnHxaH»y Rpi- 
TiRa OHora Bp6ii6Ha xaRO^e Jieno C6 OAasBajia. HIrojicrh 
^Hcx y Goii6opy noA yp6AHHmxB0]i Bp6AHora Hhro^6 By- 
RHbeBiAa ((Sp. 37 oa 1866 toaO ^ ^^ ^^^1 ^ HOBOcaACRa 
^aiHiia AOH6ID6 npHRaae, y RoJHMa qHTaMO ob6 Bpexe: 

^BpcHi paAHH Ha noj^y Hame RHiiseBHOCxH, r. A^mh- 
Tpije MaxHL sano^eo J6 Ha eaex HSAaaaxH cBOJe onnupHo 
A6jI0 „HayRa o BacnHxaH>y.' Hoseiio Hamei HapoAy 
^ecxHxaTHy mxo J6 OBy Baibany RH»iry ao6eo, h S6JIHM0 oa 
<B6r cpi(a r. HMciiy SApaBJba h B0Jb6, a^ mxo npe obo 3a- 



(') Oeorg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Encyclopedie der philoso- 
phiscben Wis«en8chaften. Heidelberg 18 30. 



218 CBEMAHU CKVn CPHCKOrA VMEHOr 4PyUITBA 

no^exo A^AO Koje je koa hrc y HoBHJe A0(5a iipBO y obo- 
CTpyqHoj ^HxepaxypH, npoAyacH h na 6;iaro cpncKora napoAa 
AOBpraH." 

OcotfHTOM XBa^ioM Harjiainyje ce Aa-i»e y obom npireaay, 
niTO je HHcai^ Bp;io aroAHO y cboj paA yneo nor^eA na hcto- 
pHJy o(5pa30BaH>a y MOBeHCMx napoAa m Cp6a, h raxo je 
y xoM npaBay Aao Be;iHKa anaqaja HapoAHHM neeMasia h no- 
CJlOBH^aMa. Ha Kpajy ce HCKasyje yBepeae o noxpefia, Aa 
ce napoAHa HacxaBa pyKOBOAH y Ayxy JeBant^ejta h D^pKBe 
upaBocjiaBHe, jep je xo o^yBa;io Ham napoA y nponuiocxH, 
Kao mxo cy ce h nanpeAHe AP»aBe IIlBaji^apcKa, HnrjiecKa, 
HeMaqKa h AiepHRa pasBH^ie noMoty Ay^JoKe no6oaKHocxH h 
MopajiHOCXH y aopoAHi\H, y rpa^ancROM ApynixBy h AP»aBH. 
H Ha saBpmexKy npenopyqyje ce Cp6HJH CoBi6opcKa yqnxeA- 
cKa msojia, Aa ce sa npBM Max xaMo cnpene neRO^Hi^HHa 
M^iaAflta 3a y^Bxe^e npHMepHHX napoAHHX niEO^ia y Cp^HJH. 

HayKy o BacHHxaBy noAe^iHO je MaxHt na xpn Kftire: 
I, IIpooeA HcxopHJe BacflHxa&a; II, Bacnnxafte haaq a^qhq 
M III, BacHHxatte OApao/ie A^^e h OMJiaAHHe. OBe xpn Kftare 
HSHHijie cy Ha CBex oa 1866—1868 roAHHe, a nocieARa je 
npemxaMnaHa h3 noA^Hcsa CpncRHx HoBHHa, RaAa ja MaxH& 
sa B^aAe HaiecuHrnxBa M^aAOjiexHor RHesa MnjiaHa 6i\o mh- 
HMCxap upocBexe. Y npBoj ebhsh pas^aaty ce jiaRHM d Rpax-. 
RBM Ha^HHOM T^iaBHe HHC^H H Ha^e^a, ROJHMa ce pyROBOAHJia 
HapoAHa H niEo^cRa nacxana y cxapHX hcxo^hhx Apsana, t 
rpRa H PHBUbaHa, y ^epMaHCRHx h ;iaxHHCRHx napoAa CpeA- 
H>era BCRa, na h y CjioBeHa, a najnocjie h y hobhjhx ap- 
»aBa JeBpone h AiepHRe, HacxaBa h HapoAHO o6pa80BaH»e 
y Hcxo^HHX HapoAa o6e-ieateHO je noBpniHo h jiexHMHite ; 3Ha- 
^aj H o^Hjiaxocx cxape Hcxo^He o^pasoBanocxH jora cy c;ia6o 
6h;ih noBHaxH na 3anaAy h HenaqRHM DHCi^HMa, ROJHMa ce 
MaxHt RopHcxHo. HHAucRa (caHCRpBxcRa) RftHseBHOCx xeR 
nixo 6enie HHrjiesHMa oxBopa^ia npncxyn y CBOJy cxapHHy. 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATIlTiy 219 

EnnTO-iorHJa n Acapjio^iorHja jeAsa xeK noKasHBaxy xpara 
3ace6HHX hctophcrhx rpana. KsTaji^H, OeHHqaHH h Ilepen- 
jaHfl cane cy inHorpeA otfe;i6seHH. Ho 3a qyAO, ApaBJbaHH 
HHcy HH cnoMeHyTM, a 3Ha ce ^a cy ohh sa Bpene 6yJHora 
pa3BHTKa CBOJe nojiHTH^K6 MotiH H oBoje 6oraTe eayqee h 
npHBpeAHe otfpasoBaHOCTH y hcto^hom h sana^HOM RajiH^aTy 
AOCTHr^H TOJiHiCH cTynaft, Aa cy BflsaHTflja e Phm, HTa^EJa, 
^paHijecKa h HnrjiecKa, na h "BepMaHHJa h PycFJa y obom 
nor^ieAy mhofo oa ApaBji^ana nosaJMHjm. Ho y to;ihko BHine 
MaTflt ce ipyAHO, a* cpncKHM qHxaoitHMa npHKaae y cKpoM- 
Hoi pasMepy r.iaBHe itpxe hs HCxopHJe BacnHxa&a h HacxaBe 
y HOBHJHX jeeponcKHx xpHmkancRHX napoAa b3 BpeMena 
pe«opMaitHJe h (^paH^ecKe peBOJiyawje, a Aaxe cy h hckb i\pxe 
H8 BCxopHJe HapoAflor o6pa30BaH>a y Gp($a CpeAH>era Besa. 
PaAH 6ojbe oi^ene Ay^a, h npaBi^a y rom je Maxnii necao 
OBO A^-^o, c^o6oAaH cam naBecxH obao h3 Q>era nefia Ba»- 
HHja Mecxa. 

»/l,p»HM, BejiH y npoAroBopy, as. ce Be Moate noysAano 
H 036HACBH paAHXH Ha qeny, a^k He 3HaM0, KaKO cy xom 
HHCJiHJiH OHH RojH cy npe Hac ;RBBe;iH, H AO KaRBHX cy pe- 
sy^ixaxa aobijih . . . BpHHSMO ce Ae^H Aa cy 3ApaBa, h 
iHCAHMo Aft CMC xHMe y^HHH^iH cBe mxo xpe6a. Ho ne MaH>a 
je 6pHra h xoMe a^ Aeity Ao6po Bacnnxaio . . Jep oho 
^eiy ce Aeita nay^e y npBOM Ao6y, OHaKo je Kao oho 3a- 
HHC y Kopu KaKBor APBexa, kojh xpaje aok je h Apsexa... 
/I,eiiy xpe6a Henpecxano h 036hackh noy^aBaxH. . . a oco6hxo 
Aa noBpetoMo y H»HMa BOJty k paAy, hcxhhh h cbokoj qecxH- 
xocth; a* hx HaBBKaBaio na nomxea, npocx h paAHH sh/l- 
BOX, na Aa hm join h3 Ma^iena 0Mp3He mtr, .leftocx, pacKoni 
H pa3MexaH>e, xa necpeLa Koja ^Hxane ^opoAH^e 6ai\a y nnj- 
Bete 3J10." 

^eno H jesrpoBHxo, ko^hko ce Mor^o Ha oAMepHOM 
npocxopy obo KBHre, onncao je MaxaL KaKO je 6h^o Bac- 



^20 CBEHAHU CKvn cpncKorA yiBHor ^pyrnxBA 

DHTftfte jkenQ H otfpasoBafte OMJiaAHfie y IIInapTaHaiia h Ath- 
&aHa. Ho mTO je oseaqHO pasAHxy y HapoAHOM BacnHTasy 
Hsiel^y AopHCRor h joHcsor n^ieiieHa, bojik: GBasH ninap- 
Tanaii apgnaAao je apsabh, a ApsaBa je cbb CBoje CHHOBe 
BacnHiaBa^ia sa CBOJy ne&. OBa HajBHma nejh Mopa^ia je (Shth, 
M ce pasBHJa Te^iecna cfiara, H3Apsi»HB0CTy jnqna xpatfpocr, 
BeycrpaiUHBOCT h poAOJbytf jbe Roje boah caMonperopeBa&y .... 
7 mnapTa je Kejb CBsjy yeraHOBa OgJia onmxa c^otfoAa bo- 
joj je CBaBH nojeAHHaii Mopao spTBOBaxH CBOjy MotfoAy h 
CBojy JiHqHOCT. 7 Athhh je (Shjio ca cbhm na npoTHB. OBAe 
je GJioOoAa ApsaBe (SiJia caMO cpeACTBO i jeMGTBo jih^hoj 
'CJ1060AH. no mTO je SHBO otfejiesBo GospaTOBy (Sop(Sy npo- 
THBy GooHCTa, EOJH cy OMJiaAHBy KBapHJiH, npe^asH na n^a- 
TOHa H ApHCTOxe^a, bojh ce c^asy y Tone, a& Bacaixafte 
Tpe6a A& ^JA^ nocao Aps&Be, h sa CBe rpa^ane onmxa h 
jaBfla cxBap. Il^axo je BHme sa cxpory moapxaflCBy, apa- 
cxoBpaxcsy CHCxeiiy jaBHor BacnHxaHia, a Apicxoxejio je sa 
ejio6oABy axHHcsy AeiOKpaxcBy CHCxeiiy, no sojoj ce y Bac- 
nHxaH»y ocxaBji»a Aocxa noj^a caMOcxajmoM yxiiiajy nopoAHi^e 
B nojeAHHix J^yAH. 

ToBopeiiH FHHjbaHHMa Be^ii, a^ je Epajsa nejb bbc- 
HHxaHiy y khx 6Hjia, ab. ce ((^ah BOJnHqsH Ayx, a^ ce pas- 
BHJa rpal^aBCEO npano yApys^no ca penytfjiHsancKOii ibytfaB^y 
Ba CAo6oAiii. A npHjiHse RojflMa ce xoiie smjio, tfHJie cy : nepa, 
BasoHOAaBCTBo, nopoAHiia i msojia . . . Aoi^BBJe, cnasa no- 
<$eAa penytf^HBe naA cnoibBHi Benpujaxe^sbHiia xpan^a je 
ynyxpamfte sjio; h mxo ce nnme ^eeeao a^ Phm laxepH- 
jajiHO B AymeBBO AotfHJa oa noAJapiLbesHX napoAa, y xoubo 
je BHme noxsonaBao cBoje cxapo, qspcxo peny6jiHBaHCB0 cxa- 
HHmxe. Ocotfnxo Fp^Ba Biiajia je y tom norjieAy Hajio no 
Majio paaopaBajyLH yxnijaj y PHMy. 

Ho mxo je y BpaxBHM apxaiia noBaaao snaqaj xpHnAan- 
<;Bor Bacnnxasa y ^epMancBHX napoAa, roBopn nflcau Bac- 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHHV 22 f 

HBTaRy y Cp(5a h Hapo^HTO y mo(Joahoj Aj^^poBa^Koj pe- 
nytfjiRilH, FAe y npocrpaHqeii norjieAy h jienHM pacnopeAOE 
H3B0AH GiBRe AOMaiiBr H jaBHor, M^iaAnLcRor h sencEor o6pa- 
30BaH»a. y BacnHTRHiy seHCROM, Be^n, BJiaAajia cy y /l,y<^poB- 
qaHa ABa na^ejia: joaho xpimAaHCRe Mopa^HOCTH^ a Apyro 
AOMaLe esoHOMHJe, h obo je (Sho Teuejh Mopa^iHe b 6Rohoh- 
CR6 BOJiHUHe Ay<(poB^aHa. HeR seea 6yAe notfosna h Ao6pa 
y onmTe, sa thm hcrh 6yAe Bepna Ay6a, Banana h pasyina 
MaTH H nrreA^HBa AOiaiiHiia. TaRo cy mhcjih^h cTapfl Aj* 
tipoBqaHK, TaRO jom uc^e h MHorH caAamftH. Ohh HHcy ^h- 
HiJji OA CBOJHX RiiepH« Rao niTO je Aanae o6Hqaj, caio Ha- 
RHboHe JiyxRe .... Jom je jienme npHRasana pexRa iipxa 
Ay6poBa^iROT ApyinxBeHor sHBOxa, mTo cy roa h»hx npocTH 
uaAH^H, ^eTHhn B ^eBOJRe Ha^iasH^iH y B^iacTeocRHii RyLana 
He caio Aotfpy c^ystfy h npBBpeAy ho h Jieno paAHHw^,. 
TproBaqRo h xpHmbaHCRO cpncRO BacnHTase. 

Ha Aotfa pe«op]iai|HJe (y Heiiaita B ?exa) h peBOJiy- 
ilHJe (y Hnrjieaa h Opaniiesa) noRasana cy y OBOJ MaTgLe- 
Boj R&H8H BepHo HaJBajKHHJa na^ejia flapoAHor BacnHTaH>ay. 
H Hajyr^eAHHJa HieHa jbyj^m rojh cy na^ejia nponoBBAajiH H 
y sBBOT yBOAHJiH. AyTep h Amoc EoiteBCRfl, BaROH h Moh- 
Tefty .loRe H Fyco, BaaeAOB h necrajioi^HJe cjajne cy snesAe 
Ha Aor^eAy HcropHJe napoAHe HacTane y HOBHJe AO($a, h 
?HHe noTHyn npejiOM y HAejaia o saAaTRy, ochobh, MeTOAy 
H cpeACTBBMa AOMaLer h jaBHor otfpa30BaH»a oiuiaAHHe. GxapH 
topiajiHCTaqRH H cROJiacTB^RH Ha^BH o(Spa30BaH>a rytfn ce 
CBe Bsme, a XBaiajy Ropena na^eAa bbjihrbx «H;iocooa ne- 
Aarora, rojh ce y p<i3BHJaH»y A^wjer h luiaAHLcRor Ayxa 
c^y;Be npocTOM npHpoAHOM leTOAOM nocrynnocTH h oqnr^eA- 
HocTB, c^otfoAHe caMopaA&e h pa3BHJaH»a RapaRiepHOCTH. 
Obhm ce jom ne sanpmyje enoxa CTBapaH>a neAaromne na- 
jRe, Roja be y BesH ca ncHxoiiorHJoH a na ochobh npnpoA- 
HHx HayRa ua^io ho Ha;io AaTH hob o6;ihr napoAHOJ h .'byACROJ. 



222 CBE^AHH cKyn cpncKOrA y^iEHor APynixBA 

o6pa30BaHOCTH. Ajih ce Bet Ha AorJieAy OBe noHaJBaaRHHJe 
rpane j^yACKor snaiba BpynHHM h cjaJHHM i^pTaHa jaB^sbajy 
HM6Ha Be^iHEHX yNOBa Gnencepa, AAeBcaHApa Sena, Bepxe- 
Jioa, Bpeajia, ByHAia h Apyr«x. 

HeEa eaM je c^o((oaho, Aa npHsaaseMO jom neae mhcjih 
i!3 xpeLe MaTHteBe KftHre o BacnHxaBy. Y qjiaHEy o o6a- 
BesHOJ HacxaBH ynope^yjyliH jaBHy HacxaBy y Cp60JH ca na- 
cxoBOM y HoMa^Koj, HopBeniKOJ, IIlBajitapcKoj h CjeAHReHHii 
CeBepo-aMepHqKBM ApataBaMa Kaae, KaKO je jeAan jeBponcKH 
nyxHBK noxoAHo jeAHy aiepaTOy mKo;iy h y H>oj ^yo y^e- 
HBRa, KOJH je OAymeBJteHHM rjiacoH HsroBopHo y cjiaBy CBOje 
oxaij^HHe OBe snaqaJHe pe^n: 

„Mh cmo join y A^THBCXBy, a Bet cmo npBH HapoA na 
CBexy. Ko je jynaK noc^ieABer BCKa, HajBetH h Haj6oibH npH- 
jaxejb CBOJe 3eMAe h cjio6oAe? Osex BejiH: To je "Bop^e 
BamHHrxoE, AiepnEaHai^. Ko je HaJBetB ^Hsnqap ? $paHE^HH 
AMepHEaMa^. KojH cy Be^HEn H3o6pexaqH y npiMeHH npn- 
poAHHx HayEa? BHxnej, Oyjixon (B30(5pexaq napa6poAa), 
Mope (H3o6pexaq ejieExpn^Hor xe;ierpa*a), Eahcoh h x. a. 
Haraa je 6yAytHocx. Ilpe Hero mxo ce HaBprna OBaj bbe, 
Hftc fce 6hxh cxo MHJiHJyHa. Ila raxa te npeA cjio(5oahom Ane- 
pHEOM noAJapMJteHa h noAe^eHa JeBpona?*" ... 

AoHCxa, BHaMaJHO ynopetjefte, a h HOBa cpncEa AP^aBa 
xeE je 3a neEHX xpHAecex roAHna M^ia^a oa canesHe ceBepo- 
aiepH^Ee peny6;iHEe. 

PoBopetiH nojioacajy y^Hxej^a HaniHX ochobhhx mEOJia 
npesia AP^aBH h onmxHHH Maxnt Ea^se, EaEO 6h xpe($a;io 
aEBBO nocxapaxH ce sa oCpasoBaae xhx yqflxeAa y cxpyTOHM 
neAaroniEHM niRo;iaMa, h noMHH>e, Aa c© y HaraeM MHHHCxap- 
r.xBy npocBexe Ha;ia3H Hspa^en jeAan npeA^or sa xaEBy niEOJiy 
jom OA I860 roAHHe. H xeE je aeny HaiefteHO 6h4o, a* 
nocAe A6cex roAHHa AoniaB na- MHHHCxapcEy cxcaHity yneAO 
II OBaj npeA^or y »hbox. HapoAHa je niE04a, Be^an, nocpeA* 



CnOMEH 4HMlfTPHjy MATUliy 223 

HiiKa H3M6^y HayKO h sHBoia, naiie^y y^eenx ;i>yAB h Mace 

HapoAa. HapoAHe niKo^e Tpe6a Aa cy npeia npHpoAH h no- 

Tpe6H CTaHOBHHEa ypel^eHe h HapoAHHM AyxoM saAaxHyre. 

y BapomKHM msoiiaia nopeA naysa sa onmie o6pa80BaH>e 

Tpe6a Aeiia Aa nayqe Hemio aaeaTa h TproBnee, a y ceo- 

CKHM niKo^aMa noACKy upHBpeAy, CTo^apcxBo h AOMaLy npn- 

BpeAy. Hh noniTo He cieMO upeHeCpetH hh le^ecHO Bea6aH>e 

oEJiaAHHe no mKOJiaMa h no pasHHii sanaTAMa. H Bojena 

BesGasa Bpene cnary h Ao6po HAy ca rHMHacTHKOM. Bea 

Tora .iHmaBajin (>h 0Taa($HHy saAe, ab. be HMaxH spenKHX 

(5paeujiaiia y qacy onaeHOCTH. YjeAHo npii tom sajeAHH^BOi 

Bex6aH>y Tejia MJiaA ^obbe yqn ce nopexKy h noMymHoeTH 

opeia 3aK0HH]ia, h nomiOBafty npcMa 3eiaA»CKni ycraHOBaia. 

y xeHCROM o6pa30BaH>y neRa je npBo npasH^o, a^ ce cse 

mro ce yn, Moxe o^Hiia BHAen h Aa ce npn y^efty 6Hpa 

OHO fflTO lie y KyLH xpetfaiH, a nopeA Tora Aa ce AeBoJKe 

noyqaBajy Mopa.iy h Bepn. AnerpaKTHe CHtreiie HHcy 3a xeH- 

cEe mROje. A^Bojse He Tpe6a JiCK^»J^nrE m Amor c&Aa name 

HapoAHe nojesHJe. CHara fl Ayi^HHa BeposasoHCEor oceLaita 

Hajtfoj>a je oA^pana xeHH, Aa ce ca^yna oa ^lyCTBeEHX aa* 

C-iyaa h Aa He naAne y cyjernj cno.i^iiiboeT. Hero je xaEO oa 

BazHocTH, Aa ce y AeBojmi raje Apyra Betejia a HeBiHa oce- 

bfta sHBora. EaA je ona Beceia, to sarpeBa sao cynne neAj 

KvtiT... Ilecioi, Kpraftei h c^iHEaia Haj6oAe ce Houuyjy ysy* 

Tpas&a o&etiafta, Eoja Ayiry yaAHJcy y BEiie AyxoBHe 6#epe, 

^Jie HHcaa roBopH o aaHaT.iicsn i TproBa«fEVi iieo- 

4aia« nojUKo-npRBpeAHH h BojeHMM mEO^iaia j nzt w j 

Apynx HanpejuiiJEX napoAa, ^panit^a, Heiaat, Pyca ■ jp. 

DOEaiyjy^ ftVxoBO ype^^e, BarraBHe iLUiOBe n np^irpairr; 

3a Tn o leAe^Hii i npoAysHiM. TproBa«» i auaTJicsii 

■sosaia I peajiEaia, larjavyjylii eikbi ey y lac 40 Tora 

Bpeieia wsen t toi spaBoy d« Eympi n laso ce iiore 

oEpyxs*- 1 qk^E^ Bapotfi jaB^ujy, Tpaaurlii otaEBe seoji^. 



224 cBEiAHH CKvn cpncKOPA yqEHor APyniTBA 

PoBopeiifl BHmHM seHCKHM mROJiaia nHcaii pas^iase (SjiHsa 
aaqejia sencRor o^pasoBasa. FaAH c«o, ae^n, Aa CBOje ch- 
HOBe y uo6oflfl BacnHTaiio sa Baibane Ajji,e; a a& «ah ce 
ciapaiio, Aa y Eybn n mBOJiH BacnHTaMo R (SyAyi^e iiaTepe? 
7 oi^y Tpe6a fi,BTe a^ r^eAa npeACiaBHHEa CBora oHora mTO 
je HCTHHHTo (h MyApo), a y HaxepH npeAcraBHHiiy CBera mro 
je ^eno h AO($po. GjiHRa AP^re aomioBafie laTepe CByAa 
npaTH cHHa h R&ep Rao anl^eo xpaHHTe^sb. 

7 ^JiasRy rHMHasdcRoj HacraBH nncaii aejifl, a^ phm- 
HasHJa OApe^yjy&H CBOJ saAaxaR He cho CMexaTH c yita, asl 
je OHa Rao cpeAftH a^o aapoAHe niRO^ie pacaAHit opran 3a 
noAM;ia^HBaH>e AP^ABe, Tpe6a a^ oco($HHy y^eniRa pasBHJe 
AyxoBHOM CHaroM napoAa. 3a cxape Rjiacn^Re je3flRe Be^H, 
Aa JiaTHHCEH xpeCa roa Hac y^HXH y rHHHasiJH, a rp^RH y 
BeiiHRoj mRO^H. 3a shbo expane jesHRe xpasH, a^' ce ((ap 
jeAan, neiiaqRH h;ih «paHitecRH, nay^n AO($po y rHMHasirJH. 
npeflopyqyje Hcnixe apejiocxH h Har4ainyje noxpetfy npooe- 
copcRHX HCHHxa, RoJH cy y HemaqRoj yseAeHH da HeRo;iHRO 
AecexHHa roAHHa panaje, a y AvcxpnJH nocjie peBOiiyitHJe oa 
1848 roAHHe. H y Hac jom panHje xpaaenH cy npo^ecop- 
CRH HcnsxH, a HeRH RaHAHAaxn noJiara^H cy HcnHxe npeA 
mROJicROM ROMHCHJOM. HapaBHO, sa oBaRO cnpeiHe npooe- 
cope xpetfa h Beba naHCH>a h 6ojgba HarpaAa oa AP^K^Bee 
expane. GaMO Ao6pH yqnxe^i h npo<»ecopH Mory y^HHiTH^ 
Aa cy riMHasHJe Ao6pe. Ba^an qoBeR Ha cbom necxy BpeAH 
BHme fio CBa niROJicRa ype^esa. 

EojiHRo ce Maxiiii y cbom A^-^y o napoAHOJ HacxaBH 
npntf^iHSHO HaJHOBHJeM cxynH>y nayRO, h rojihro ce Ha oboi 
noAy oxeo oa isBecHHX cxera IIIe;iHHOBor h XewoBor Me- 
xa«H3HqRor cHGxeiia: bhah ce no Ha^e^HHa Roja hcxh^o sa 
MexoAHRy y napoAHOj nacxaBH. 3aR0H je y pasBHXRy Ayxa 
no;ia3HXH oa npoMaxpasa r noJMy, oa oceba&a pasyMOBaBy, 
OA pasyieBafta yMOBaay, oa nojeAHHora h oco6eHor onmxeMy 



CnOMEH AHMHTPHjy MaTHTvV 225 

u nejiHHH. OcHOBHH je H npipoAHH leiOA y HaciaBH Hajnpe 
aHa;iH3a, pas^ara^e h no3HaBa&e nojoAHHax ^HH»eHHiJiay 
nojeAHHHx nojasa mnBOia; na OHAa CHHTesa, CKJiana&e k 
npHKynibafte Aosasa h nojasa, cyA n 3aK^yqaK o neMnuHj 
omnTHM saROHHMa npHpoAe. 

OnHcyjyiiH MJiaAHha SApaBa, Kpensa, Ao((po h npaBB^iHO 
o6pa30BaHa MaTnL h HexoTHi^e npHBa3yje CJiHsy HAea^iHa 
luaAuLa H3 FycoBJbeBa EHH^ia. E xe^io h Ayx My je y naj- 
AmmevL KBexy. Cbo y ftOMv t6sh BpaJH»eM caBprnencTBy. Ha 
^eAY iLAaAHiia bhah ce Aa oceta CBOJy lyniKy CHary. Ji,yx 
ly ce npo(5yAHO xe no^efee bhcoko, m 6opH ce 3a cao6oj[j 
iHinibeH>a h BOJbe. M^aAHti je otfyseT njieieHHTHM TearftaMa, 
Koje peTKO npe^iase y jkhbot, Hero nocTajy HAea;iH. Obh 
lA^ajiH o(Sh^ho tfaBe ce obo cJiotfoAe, jyEamiBa h jhy((aBE. 

OhH ey THM ^HCTflJH H BC^LH^aHCTBeHHJH, IDTO Cy OBO ILia- 

AaLa ((hjIh caBpmeHHJH o6aehia. TaAa Le lAeja cjio((oAe y 
v.iaAHlia noBpenyiH MpsH»y npeifa Hopa4H0M h no^iHTE^BOM 
poncTBy^ H OAymeBHTE ra Aa spxByje HiaBe H sihbot 3a 
0Tai;6HHy, sa HCTHHy n npaBAy. OtfpasoBa&e MJiaAHX rpa^ana^ 
HacraBg^a nHcaii, Tpe6a Aa je y Ay^y HapoAHOM, npeiia seiia^- 
CBU o6HqaJHHa h ycraHOBaHa. BeL h no Tone beah ce, oa 
ROJiEBor je yTEiiaja naqEH 36Maj&cBe bjieao Ha BacnExa&e x^a- 
AHta. ApyB^Hje ce BacnHxaBa rpa^aHHH y c;io(5oahhm ycxaBHHM 
ApxaBaMa, a Apys^HJe noAaHEB y neycxaBHEH 3eHJi»aHa, rAe 
cee 3aBECE OA BOJbe OHora, bojh HeorpaHEqeno ynpaB.'ba. J 
laBHM AP^aBaMa h HapoAHO Bacnnxafte hoce Ha ce6E ne^ax 
caiOBOJbHe B^aAe, a niKo^icBe ycxanoBe EAy o6h^ho Ha xo, Aa 
^OBesa OA panor AexEftcxBa npEBEBHy na npEXEcaB, BaBO 6e 
noc;ie^xo Ma&e ocetao; h;ie aBO 6e h ocekao, 6ap Aa ne 
lose EMaxE CMe^iocxE e cnare, Aa CBOJe obobo BEAa • . . (^) 



(') O opeAH>oj, KjacHqKoj u peajHoj HacTaBH y HOBHje Ao6a Bp20 
je 3Ha«iajH0 b noy«iHO Ae^o 4»paHaecKor nuciia Payia 4>papuja, noA Ha- 
CJOBOM La question du Latin, par Raoul Frary, lll-^me edition, 

r.lACHHK LXIX. 15 



226 CBE<iAHH cKyn cpncKorA vhehof apvoitba 

Ha 3aBpineTKy, osHa^yje nHcait CBey^H^noTe (yHH- 
BepcHTex) Rao Hocnoiia sHBoxHe HayKe h Hayqnor sHBOxa, 
r^e cy SApyKene HayKa h yieTHocr, HcxHHa h Jienoxa h tao 
ce Hayna noAHjRe h3 o6HHa HCTpa2KHBaH»a ao jacBor nocMa- 
Tpasa, a nocMaxpaiby ce Aaje Ay<iHfia MHMfi, RaBo 6ii itia- 
Aflii xeopHCRH H npaRTuqsH Aocaeo ao BHCHne caBprnenor 
nocMaxpafta CBexa. HeHSMepan je, Be4H, yxHi^aj cBey^HiiHmxa 
RaRO Ha nojeABHe y^eHHRe, xaRO h na iie^y sapoAHy npo- 
CBexy. Obo je npaBa AyxoBHa laxH .,. Hhrojh caMo- 



Paris. Librairie Leopold Cerf. Oho je Beh npeDe^euo Ha HOMa^iKu ii 
Ma})apcKU jesuK. [Io^htumku h npoceeTUH aaAaruH cpncKor uapo^a no- 
de namer nopaaa ua Cihbhuuh Aocxa cy (mhmhu ca aa^aruHMa u no- 
jOHcajeM 4»paHnecKor aapoiia nocae nopaaa koji CeAaua. 

Mumeji Bpea.i npsH je jom 1872 roA. cnpeHyo 036BABy naHdby 
B.iaAe B napojia Ha uejiocTaTKe u npaaHHue y 4>paHqecK0j Hapo^HTO 
cpeAH>oj HacTaBH y nopel>eH>y c HeuaHKOM nacTaBOH. A Pay.i <t>papu 

y nOMCHVTOJ CBOJOJ KH>H3H C none^OM <l>H40C04>a H ApHcasHHKa Be4H: 

aHameM Hapo^y Ay>KHii cmo naaaTii HCTHHy, u HHHaKBa Apyra Ayw- 
HocT HHje CBeTHja HH npeqa oa obo (o jaBuoj HacxaBH) . . . 4eM0- 
KpaTHja neida CBaraa jacno ocehaibe croJiix noTpe6a u uHTepeca ; oua 
lao pymu cjeiio ycTanoBC. Koje je aaTeiaa, a lac Mucau caMO KaKO 
he ce y H>HMa uaMecTHTH u He MeH.aj.vhH hx . . . Hena ce nopea no- 
Beha, aKo he ce thm yMHO>KUTH npouaBOAiia uapoAsa cuara. Ho niTa 
heMO, aKO ce thm osa cuara cMaH>yje. ano ce (y uainHM niKoaaMa) 
c Be^HKUM TpouiKOM cDpcMajy roMH.ie 6ecnoc4Hqapa h HaApuKH>ura. 
lllxa heMo, ano ce ooa o6pa3HHOM AOMOKparcKor uanpeTKa yraeaaMO 
CBe BHme na KHxaj ? . . OnaAaH>e HapoAHe cnare na 6yAH kojom noAy 
>KiiBOTa y caAau>e Ao6a nocraje onacnocT h yapoK paaHHM necpefaaMa. 
rpaanne h qapHHapHuae ue Mory nac aaKJonuTH oa nocAOAHua Ha- 
iiJHX 6yAaaamTUHa . . . nHTaH>a o napoAHOj nacTaRH HHcy BHiiie caMO 
KHiHHceBHa nHTaH>a ; ona ce THiy aeAOKyime dyAyhnocTH h HcuBOTa 
HapoAHor ... Ila u caMO MarepHjaaHO 6AarocTaH>e <t>paHaecKe aaBucu 
BHaTHHM ACJOM OA opaBua, KojH CO Aajc CpeAH>e-inKOACROJ H CTpyiHOJ 
HacTaan . . . Cae ce Apyro MOHce AaKme nahH, cano ne Ao6ap yquTe.i>. 
PeBOjyuHja Moraa je h Mel)y HapeAHHUUMa nahn })eHepaAe, ho Buje 
Moraa Hahu npo<t»ecope Mel)y uenncMeuuM A>yAHMa. C Tora je 6HAa h 
uoMohHa Aa nonynH oho oito je nopyuiHAa. MojKe ce uarnaTH cyAiija 
Aa Bpmn pl)aB aanoH, ho ue moh«c ce mobok narnaTH Aa yiH Apyre 
OHOMe mTo cfiM He aua." — 

OBy Ba>Kuy KH>Hry TpeCaao 6i! Aa nadaBO CBe 6H6AH0TeKe cpcA- 
HjHx mh'oaa, a Ao6po 6u 6u,\o ii npcBecxn je Ha cpncKH. 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHHV 227 

€TajiaH HapoA He Tpe6a ^a 6jAe 6e3 CBora cee- 
y^HjiHniTa. 3a thm nicai^ noMHH»e, rrro Je oh onmnpHo 
pacnpaBJbao o obom nHTaay y ,CpncMM HoBHHaMa*" oa 1859 
roAHHe, RdA ce koa nae hoboaom 3axTeBaK>a Cb. AHApejcse 
cKynniTHHe noqe^o paAHTH o hobom ype^^eiby CBHJy seMaACKHx 
niKOJa, na jo pe^ noBeABHa h o ycxaHOBAefey cpncRor cBe- 
yqHAHiDTa. Tom npH^iHROM jeAan Hapo^HXH OA(Sop iiapaAHO 
je npojoRaT sa cae niRo^e. IIoMHfte 6epjiHHCRH yHHBecnTex 
KOJH je ycraHOBJteH y no^exRy oBora BORa, RaAa je HpycHJa 
y 1S06 roAHHH OHaRO jaRO nopasena 6H;ia oa ^paHi^ecRor 
iiapa Hano;ieoHa I. TaAa je npycRH Rpa<s» BHJbeM III Rasao, 
Aa ApsaBa Mopa yiiHOM cnaroH Aa HaRHaAH oho hito je Ma- 
TepHJajiHo H3ry6H;ia, h ycxaHOBHO je yHEBepcHTOT, rojh (Jpao 
noera rjiaBHO cpeAHmTo o(Spa30BH>y i^e^ora HeiaqRor napoAa. 
Taj jijx y ROM je ocHOBaH 6epjiHHCRH ynHBepcMTex, to je 
yHHBepcHTeTCRH Ayx ABBOTHaecTor BeRa, Rojn je cbo mxo je 
Be;iHRO H reHHJajiHO y neMa^ROM flapoAy cjoahrho. Onaj Ayx 
join je IHjiajepMaxep y 1808 roAHHH Jieno o6e;ieaiHO h pe- 
Eao, Aa ce <i»h;ioco«hjom oxsapa norjiOA y o6a BOJiHRa noiba 
aHBOxa: npHpoAO h HcxopHJe. Ho h HeAOCxaxijH, rojh cy 
xaAa o6ejie»ieHH, jom Hocroje na yHHBepcHxexHMa, fao neRH 
npo^ecopH qHxajy hs pyRonnca h AHHTHpajy ^ai^HMa, Rao Aa 
uoMa mxaMHe h fao jom HOMa cnyAa RaxoApe sa nOAarorHJy. 
Ha aoGJiexRy o naopyiRafty napoAa h napoAHOJ bojci^h boah: 
KaA HapoA HMa opyatje y pyiiH, na je RaAap CBojy oxaij- 
((flny, CBOja npana h cJio6oAy tfpanHXH oa CBane HanacxH, xo 
jaKO tffAH CBOCT H noja^asa naxpnoxcRa ocekaH>a y cnaRox 
nojeAHHiiy h y ije;ioM napoAy. 



y MaxnLeBOM Hper^ieAy Hcxopnje Bacnnxaiba 
onaaajy ce npasHBne, Roje cy o6ejieaRJe BpoMena y rom je 
HHcao, H o(Sejiea:je «HJioco»CRor cHcxoMa h mRo;ie Rojux co 

15* 



228 CBE^AHH CKVn CPnCKOPA yiEHor 4PyniTBA 

y CBOM paAj AP^sao. 0((pa30BaB6 y HapoAa Ha npBo^HTHOir 
npHpoAHOM ciynBy jeABa je AOAHpnyto, a oho Aaje HOBiqoj 
Haynn o6H;iaT6 rpa^e sa ynopeAHO npoMaxpafte saqexaRa 
H nocTynnor pasBHJaRa cBaKe ocotfne h napoAHO Ey^ixype. 
Aa ociaBHHO Ha cipany jysHo-HHA&cita h nojiHHecsa ocxpBa^ 
TAB ce H A^Hac Mory h3 (SjiHse npoy^aBaxE nopoAH^HH o6n- 
qajH, Bepa h ApyroTBene vciaHOBe y nojiyAHBAHX n^eiena. 
Ho K04HBe saHHMibHBe noyne h sa By^xypny HciopHJy poAa 
jbyACKor sHa^aJHO nojaBO najiasHiio y a^HBOxy cxapax napoAa 
y MexHRy h nepyancBoj, fao ce oa BOBOBa pas bo a ao ho- 
Kjie caMOHHB^ia o^pasoBanocx n AP^aBa y naJHanpeAHHJHX 
cxapocoA^^^Aa na Be.iHBOM sanaAHOM BOHXHHeHxy, Boje je 
aMepH^BH HCxopH^ap npecBox OHaBO Bepno onHcao. 

Hcxo xaBO y amj Hamera nucufi a^t je cyBHme CEyqen 
npocxop HcxopHJH Hacxane h Bacnnxafta y hcxo^hhx HapoAa, 
MflCHpaaa, JeBpeja, OeHH^aHa, Acapaiia i EajiA^jaiia, Ilep- 
CHJanaiia, EHAHJaHai^a h Kflxajai^a, na h eaiiHX cxapix BJia- 
cHqsHX HapoAa Jenpone, TpBa h FjiiA»aHa (^). A^ibe hcxo- 
pHJa cpeAH»eBeBOBHor xpHmkaHCBor h x&HacxHpcBor o6pa80BaH>a 
Aocxa je noBpnrao h JlexHMH^e o6e;ieaaeHa. Yxnaaj KapxesHJeBe 
«HJioco«HJe H npe;iOM HAOja y norjieAy napoAHe HacxaBe oa 
BpeMena opanitecBe peBOJiyiiHJe HHcy AOBOibHO hh npoMaxpaHH. 
Aesapx, HCXHHa, y oChihhm cnHCHia o neAaromJH He noMHfte 
ce Bao npeACxaBHHB Basne none h Hapoqexe cicxeie Bacnn- 
xaH>a. Ho hsbocho oh je cbojom ^hjioco^cbom HexoAOM Hsnea 
HBRO^HBa HOBa Ha^ejia y nayitH o BacnHxasy, Boja cy xe- 
^ajeM Bpeiena AO^H^a noxnpAy. OnHcyjykH h3 (5AH»e Ha^HH, 
BOJHH ce OH cftM y M^iaAOCXH niBO^OBao^ /l^esapx npnsHaje^ 



(') ^.lauaK o HapoAHMa na npBo6iiTHOM cTynH>y oCpaaosaHOCTH 
sanpeiia jeasa je4aH .iuct, q^auuH o HCToqeuM napoAHMa yKynuo jie- 
ceT cTpaua, a o fpiiHMa h PaM^auHMa ceera 24 cTpaue. A Ha np. 
y ueMaqKor nucna ^p. Kapua IIlMHTa Geschichte der Erziehung 
(no iiSBopHMa) can ojiOAaK o npeo^HTHUM HapoAUMa aanpeMa 38 crp. 
Ha BeaiiKOM Kaapry, a o hctomhhm napoAHMa sume 04 150 cTpaHa.. 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHjy MATHTVy 229 

Easo j6 c Be;insBM xpjAOM pa^iio a& ce KopHCXH BJiacHqKHM 
H Hay^HHM iDTyAnjaMa y jeAHOM oa npBHX bhiuhx iDBOJia y 
^paHitecKoj. Ila BaA je CBpniHO b ao6ho AHn^OM nayqHHKa, 
TeB OBAa BHAeo je, BaRo je y 3a6yflH c MflorHM cyiiu»aHa h 
satf^yAana, xe a& oa CBera H>eroBa niBo^oBaiba (no jesyHTCKon 
♦opia^iHCTHqsoM CHcreMy) He Mome 6hth Apyre RopicTH, ochh 
nrro caA 6oj&e bbah CBoje HesHafte. Oh ne OAo6paBa mhofo 
npoy^aBafte erapux nHcaita, ochm bo^hro je noTpe6Ho aa ce 
pasymejy, jep, Be^H, to je sajiHR na MHoro nyxoBafte no cxpa- 
HHH seubaiia, a bo hhofo nyxyje no cxpannii seubaMa, aaa6o 
nodnaje enojy oxa^6HHy. Oh jom xnpAH, a& je y HacxaBH 
T^aBna cxBap MexoAa, bojom ce pyBOBOAe n pasBHJajy npn- 
poAHe moIh h oco^HHe i^iaAHiia. IIpBo je y H»era npannjio, 
Aa ee Hnmxa He upHMa Bao HcxHna, aob ce noxnyno ne ca- 
3Ha H ne paayie. On je OA^aiiHO cxapy pyxHHy, naBHBy h 
HexaHHsai y nacxaBH; on je ocyAHO npasHo y?eu»e Ha na- 
lex, a ysHiiao y noMoh npHpoAHe n npaBxn^He na^Hne bo*- 
JHia ce H3a3HBj>e nasfta h npoMaxpau»e, BOJHiia ce 6^ah 
pasyM H jaBAajy njioAne HAeje(*). 

Hcxo je xaBO ocexna npasHnna, BaA ce y HCxopnJH janne 
HacxaBe o6HJia3e snaienHxa na^ejia h npocnexne ycxanofie ne- 
^Hse opani^ecBe peno^iyi^HJe. MHpa6oBibeBe mhcjih h Tajbepa- 
HOBH npeA^03H 3a npeiie ycxaBOXBopne CBynmxHne (1789 ao 
1791) narjiacHme Mel^y npBHM Ayfl^HocxHMa AP^ase h rpal^ana 
pasyiiHo H npeia naqe^LHiia nayBe h uopajia ypel^eno tfecnjiaxno 
ocHOBHO H BHme o6pa30Bafte OMjiaAnne, Boja 6h ce y rpal^ancBOM 
sHBoxy oAymeBiba^a xeBOBHnaiia peno^iyABje n nporjiaca j^yA- 
«BHX npana, naqe^Hiia oAoGoAe h jeAnaBocxH. Hobh cjio6oahI[ 
yexaB aps&bhh, Bejin Tajbepan y H3Bemxajy o cbom npeA^ory 
o npocBexHHH pe^opiiaMa, ocxao 6h ipxBO c^obo, aBO ra ne 6h 
noAecna h pasyina nacxana osHBe^a n ynejia y Aymy napoABy. 



(') Gabriel Compayre. Histoire de la Pedagogic, lll-eme 
Ed. 157 



230 CBEHAHH CKyn CPIICKOFA VMEHOr 4PyniTBA 

Join cy BaatHHJc iiA^je m A^Jia Koja octhbh 3a co6om pe- 
nytfjiHRaHBii KoHAopce, romo napoAHa CBynmTHHa 6enie noBe- 
pH^a Aa oproHHsyje h y atHBOT ysoAe onrnxy HapoAHy h na- 
yqny HaciaBj y $paHAecKOJ. AnapxHJa hjih AecnoTHsai, bojih 
OBaj cjiaBHH 6opaii 3a HapoAHa npasa h mo^oac, to je cyA- 
6HHa uapoAa, kojh cy ao6hjih MotfoAy a ocxa^H cy Henpocne- 
teHH. Aotfpa HacraBa h o6pa30Bafte jecy opyl^a c;io6oAe h jeA- 
HaKOCTH, a yjeAHO h npaBH cy HSBop jaBHe HapaBCTBeHocrn 
H JbyACSor HanpeiRa. EoHAopce cacTaBHO je onmnpaH njian 3a 
npeo6paKaj jaBHe HaciaBe, kojom o6yxBaTa ocHOBHy h cpeARy^ 
cxpyqHy H TexHH^Ky, Kao h BHiny nayiHy HacraBy, na h aeH- 
CKO o6pa30BaH>e, a neo npeAJior h Ae^o aeroBO caio je orjie- 
A^Ao fteroBe njieneHHTe Ayme, Koja ce y no^eiy 3a HAejajiHia 
c;io6oAe H jeAHaKOCTH neae ao caMHX He6ecKHX BHCHHa. TeB 
iteroBOM cpehHHJeM noc;ieAHHKy jlaKaHa;iy 6i!Ao je cy^eno, Aa 
noAHece BejiHKoj napoAHOJ cKynniTHHH (KoHBenTy) upeA^ior 3a 
pe^opiy CBBJy mKOJia y $paHiiecKoj, H3pal>eH y cnopa3yMy ca 
noc^aHHiiHMa 4,OHyoM h GnjecoM. HacTaBHH n^an oBora npeA- 
^lora o6yxBa ite^y jaBny ocHOBny cpeAifcy h Baray naciaBy y 
norjieAy yMHOM, M3HqK0M, Mopa^inoM h HHAycipHCKOM. Po6ec- 

DHJepOB BJiaCHH^KH H AHKTaTOpCKlT AyX HHJe AOUyCTHO, Aa CB 

TaAa jlaKanaJioBe npocBexHe Hanepe npniie y napoAHOj cKyn- 
iDTHHH. Ho noc^e nponacTB Po6ecuHJepeBe ^aKana-ioB npeA- 
^or onei ce HciaKHe na AHeBHH peA h CKynnnHHa ra noc;ie 
Ayatera tfypnor npexpeca OAo6pH h npor^iacH Kao 3aK0H (ro- 
AHHe III, 29 cxyACHa — 17 HOBeM^pa 1794). 

r^iaBHa 3ac;iyra ^aKaHa^ose peoopiie ^H^a je y xoiie^ 
mxo je OH aoRpenyo y BejiHBo Aa ce 3a ocHOBHe mEo^ie 
HanHiny h mxaMuajy noAecHe RH>flre h qaxaHBe, h Aa ce 
ocHyjy oRpyaRHe yqaxe^bCRe mRO^ie, a y napH3y AeHxpajiHa 
yqnxeACKa inKo^a (Ecole normale), y Rojoj cy oApe^OHH 
6ujiH 3a npo<i»ecope npBH opani^ecRH Hay^HHUH xora BpeMena 
no cxpyRaMa oM^oco*HJe h noAarorHJe, KftHKeBHOCXH, hcto- 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHJy MATHTW 231 

pHJe H npHpoAHHX HayRa. J upsH Max upoM^eHH cy 6h;iu 

y OBy ijeHTpajiHy niKOJiy y SHaiHoi 6pojy yqeflHUH h3 nejie 

$paHi^ecRe, a oeh cy noMe CBpmeHHX xeqaja Hia^iH no ospy- 

3HMa A^ PM^ y y^HTejbeRHM niROJiaMa, h a& cnpeiajy y^H- 

Te^e sa HapoAHe ocHOBHe niROJie. HapoAHa CRynniTHHa nol)e 

Aaj>6 H pe^opMOM HacTaBe otfyxBaiH cp6Att>e h Bnme niRo^e, 

ocHOBa noJiHiexflHRy (Aenxpa^Hy mKOAy jaBHHX rpal^eBHHa), 

ROHcepBaTopHJy yiieTHocTH h saHaxa, BOJHy aRaAeiHJy hta. 

Ho JaKaHa^iOBO a^jio ocra na no uyxa. Otf^acne y^HxejtCRe 

mROJie He Morome ce yBecxH y s&hbox, h cbo naexaBne h npo- 

CBexHe ycxaHOBe Cmme noxHCHyxe Haxpar, yejieA nojiaxHWor 

ycxyRa rojh yse Max ca onaAaaeM cjio6oAHor penytfjiHRaHCRor 

Ayxa OA 1794 roAHHe. CRopo 3a xhm HanojieoH atfpHca ro- 

xoBo CBe xparoBe npocBexHHX ycxanoBa m speMena peny- 

6jiiise(*). Ho saxBajiHO noxoMCXBO y caAamfteM napamxajy 

ipete peny6;iHRe y $paHiiecRoj cexHiio ce BejiHRor yqHxejba 

H pe^opiaxopa ^aRaHajiay h hoahfjio My cnoMeHHR y fteroBy 

Meery po^eaa. A HaJAOCxoJHHJe cnoMeeHRe H>eMy h cbhm 3Ha- 

leHHXHM J^yAHMa no cxpyiui ocnoBHe h BHme nacxaBe noAHse 

y CBojoj seMJbH caAaB»a ^pani^ecRa^ orpoMHHM cpeACXBHMa h 

H xpxBaia ROJHMa pacnpocxepe o6HJiaxo h o6eMa pyRaMa no 

HapoAy onmxy npocBOxy h cxpyqHy nay^Hy h yMexHH^Ry o(>pa- 

soBaHOCXy xaRo, Aa ce caAa 3a neRHX 18 roAHHa oa nocxaita 

xpeiie penytf^HRe npespeAe^o y xom nor^OAy BHme nero pa- 

HHje 3a jeAan h ABa BORa. 

7 nper^eAy HayRe o jaBHOJ nacxaBH h Bacniixafty sen- 
CRiiba BpeAHO je noMOHyxH HMena h HeRHX seHCRHX neAarom- 
Rix SBcaiia^ Rao mro 6exy y ^panitecROJ rocnol^e EainaHO- 
Bmia, PeMMsaxoBMua, rH30xoBHaa h HoRepoBa oa Gocapa. 
Ho HaJBajiHsje cy y nocjieAftO Ao6a nojase aHaMeHHXHX hh- 
nea(HX nHcaiia-«H.ioco*a^ Xepdepxa Cnencepa h A^eRcan- 



Gabriel Compayre, Histoir^ dc la Pcdag^ogie. 332 — 3 16. 



232 CBEqAHH cKvn cpncKorA yiEHor apvuitba 

Apa Bena, bojh caa nosyinaBajy Aa na nosHTHBHHM ncHXO^om- 
KHM ocHOBaia OApeAe HayqHa Ha^e;ia h npaETH^He iieTOAe 3a 
HH»y H BBHiy HacraBy (') Cnencep AORasyje, Aa ce craiiHa ne- 
Aaromsa naqe^a h npaBH^a He Hory oapcahth npe^ aok ce 
nojaBe h saKOHH yiHora pHSBHia ne HSBeAy Ha ^Hexo. IIoAa- 
romRa HayRa Tpe6a Aa ce ynpaB^a HAejoi nocTynna pa3BHha 
CBasora uojeAHHua na h uejior poAa, a to je npHpoAHHM pa- 
cieften H pasBHjafteM KopaE no RopaB, oa HaJMau»HX 3aqeTasa 
Ao noxnyne cnare, npH qeiiy ce mbjio no Majio 6fAe h jaBJbajy 
Ha CBex h one hoao^hocxh h oco^HHe Ay^a h yiia jbyACKor, 
Koje cy 6H^e y npapoAH nojeAHHita npHxajane, h soBy ce caA 
necBecHe AymeBHe Hohn. 

Cnencep ocnHna pasynan cncxei neAarorHJe na jeAHOj 
MopaJiHoj H APyroj ncHXo^omsoj nocxani^H, ApyrHH pe^Hxa, 
na saAaxsy fl^HBOxa h na nosnaBa&y ibyACSHX oco6HHa (moIih) 
H saRona RoJHHa ce one ynpan^ajy, a xo snaqn 6AHse nn- 
xaH>e i^HJby h nnxafte o cpeACXBHia o6pa30Ba&a. Jijx Gnen- 
cepoBe neAaroniRe HayRe SHaqaJHO je o6pHyx npaRXH^KHM 
Te»n>a][a sHBOxa. IIo RopncxHMa (HopajinHM h HaxepujaA- 
hhm) h cpetH Roje Aonoce aHBOxy, lepe ce h OApel^yjy snaaa 
Roja xpe6a ysexn y nacxany oM^iaAHHe. Ho ona cpela pa- 
syie ce y najmnpeM h njieiennxoM snaqajy. J xom nor;ieAy 
Ao;ia3H na npBo Mecxo cxapa&e o xe^ecHOM pasBHXKy h 
SApaBiby, qeMy roBopeLe HnrjiecRH ohjioco^ pasacxnpe naj- 
^lenma h naj^HcxHJa spna Oncepa h3 MSHO^oniRe h ncHxo- 
jiomRe nayRe ca XHrnjenoM. 3a xhm Rao Apyrn saAaxaR na- 
cxaBe osna^yje cxapa^e h cnpeny sa npo^ecnoHa^ny xeROBHHj 
noxpe6HHX Ao6apa sa atHBox. J xpetei peAy jaBJtajy ce 
jReibe H Ay^HocxH 3a ocHHBaH»e h OAp^aibe nopoAHi^e h no* 
xoMcxBa. y qexBpxoM, ApynixBeHH h no;iHXHTOH »hbox. J ne- 



(*) Herbert Spencer, Education inteUectueUe, morale et phy- 
sique. Londres ^861. Paris, Germer BailUere. — Alexander Bain, 
Erziehung als Wissenschaft. Autorisirte Ausgabe. Leipzig, Brockbaus. 



CnOMEH 4HMIITPIIjy MATHTiy 233 

TOM Ha nocjieTsy saBpinyje ce h RpyHHine jaBHa HacTana ecTe- 
THqRHM o6pa30fiaH>eif Ayxa, soje ce AO^Hja npoy^aBafteii sh>h- 
seBHocTH H yMeTHOCTH y qacoBHMa cjio^oahhm oa 6pHra h no- 
e^OBa 3a CBaEHAamibH sshbot h oncxaHaR. Beoia je SHaqaJHo, 
mTo ce oBaj qyBeHR HHMecRH ^h^ioco^ y nocAeiRy cBoje na- 
yRO HacTaBH Bpaba ^hcthm yrjiOAHMa npnpoAe, Rao mro 
cy ^HHHJiH Pyco H necTa;ioi(HJe, h nrro npasy nayRy aoboah 
Ha Rpajy y Besy ca Bepoi y Bewxe 6oaaHCRe CHJie. Hnje, 
BOJiH, HayRa npoTHBHa Bepn, nero HesHa^e h sanevapese 
HayRe noApHBa lopa^iHa h no6osHa oceiiafta. Gaio npaBH 
HayqHHR (onaj rojh HCTpasHBafteii hhshx HCTHHa t^sh bh- 

HTHM H HaJBHHIRM) MOJRe AOHCTa casHaxH, RaRO A&^eRO HaA 

^yACRHM 3HaH»eM H HaA JByACRHH pasyMOM cxoJH OHaj npa- 
yspoR CBexa h ona cBeMot, qnje ce Cntie jaBJta y iiejioRynHoj 
npapoAH, y aHBOxy, y MHCJiHia, y HAejaia. Be^iHRH npoHa- 
AaciiH H Hayqne xeROBHne cnexcRHX «HJioco«a^ Be^H npo^ecop 
XyRc;iH, HHcy Aom^iH caio Rao hjioa ftHXOBe yine cnare, 
HO tf oxyAa, mxo hm je xa cnara 6H;ia saAaxnyxa no6oaiHHH 
AyxoM, AyxoM cxpHAOfta, jby6aBH h nperopeBaaaC). 



(*) 4ejo AaeKcaHApa Beua HayKa o eacnHTaiby nornyH j e 
cncTeM TeopncKe h npaKTuque noAarornje, seoMa aroAan sa npo<i>e- 
cope H yqHTe^e. V H>eMy cy xpn rjaBua A^-ia: ncuxojomKe ocHOBe, 
MCTOAH H MOAepna Hacraea Oc^atba ce y MiioroMe ua wloKa h GneH- 
cepa. OA'iHKyje ce jacHHM pacnopeAOM uacTasHMX n^iaHOBa h npo- 
rpaMa aa pasBa Ao6a HacraRe, Aaje uajBeher npocTopa Ta^uuM uay- 
Kaiia iiaTeMaTHKe, <^H3HKe, xeMuje, 6uoJorHJe, ncHXo^orHJe h reorpa* 
♦Mje. 0A6aayje o6aBe3iio yMen»e crapux na totobo h uobhx crpaHux 
jeaHKa. A y Mopaaue HayKe CTaBJ»a HCTopHjy, couHjo.iorHjy o no.iH- 
TH^iKOii eKOHOiiHjoM H npaBHu^KHM ppaHaMa uayKa. 

AMepuqKH qyBeuH neAaroan KaHHur (f 1842) h Xopau Meu 
(f 18 59], y^iHUHdiH cy mhofo aa paasHTan jaBue nacTaBe u uapoAuor 
o6pa30BaH>a y caaeauHM coBepoaMepR^KHM ApHcaBaMa. IIpBH je 5no 
oAymeBj>eH nponoBeAHUK (Channing, Oeuvres sociales, publiees 
par M. Laboiilaye. Paris. Charpantier, 1866), a Apyrn, auaTaH pe<frop- 
MaTop y BocTOHy. Uo yrjieAy Ha aMepHHKH Hanuu aajeAHn^Ke HacraBO 
aa MyniKy u Hceucny Aeuy Ao uaaecKHX roAHua, nHcau obux apcra 
Aao je y Cp6HJM npe Aecex roAMHa npiuHKy, Aa ce y HeAOCxaTh-y 



234 CBEHAHU CKVII CPIICKOFA VlEHOr APyiDTBA 

nocjie OBora Mopaaio nnaK KasaxH, Aa JB PM noKoj- 
Hor /I^BHHTpHJa MaTHha Ha nayiiH o jaBHoj HaciaBH h o6pa- 
30BaH>y OMJiaAHHe 6ho jiena nojasa h TenoBBHa na Heo6pa- 
l^enoM no-'by le rpane 3HaH>a y HaraeM HapoAy*(*). OBaj paA 
Aocia je OAMaKao oa aeroBe HCTopHJe <&H40C0MJe, kojihko 
no Hayqnoj Ay<5HHH, jacHocTH n OApetjeHOCiH mhcjih, lOJiHKa 
Ton^ioTOM oceiaiba h ;ienoTOM ciH^ia, kojh ce nrro a**^ 
TO CBe BBine y3AH»e ao BHcnne npaBor, o^HJiaTor h xap- 
MOHH^Hor HapoAHor H KH>HS6BHor je3BRa. OBaj HanpeAHS 
oiia«^a ce y MaTHheBHM paAOBHHa napoMHio oa npBe RK>Hr6 
HayKe o BacnHia&y, a saBprayje ce ipetoM KibHroM 
BacuHiafty oApac.ie Aeije h oi^iaAHne (1868 roA.)- 
OfiAe je H cai npeAMex A^Jia roAHO aeroBOJ poAOJbyCHBoj 
cpncKoj AyniH MHoro jaqe, no mio cy to uotab tohbtb an- 
cxpaKTHe H MeTa9H3HqRe TeopBJe neMaqicHX ou^oco^a h3 Xe- 
ooBe mKo^e, Koja je 3ap h lor^a ao noKJie noBecTH 3a 
co6oM Hamera iioRoJHBKa BA^ja-AHMa HapoAHor ocJio6o|^eiLa h 
jeAHHCTBa, Roje ce ^abo h ycuemno uponoBeAaJio y A^-^Hiia 
seiaqRHX BejiHRaHa necHBRa ninjiepa h TeTea, ^H^iocooa 
$BXTea H ftHxoBBX nocjieAHMRa. Oco6hto HMa^o je CBora 
SHaqaja h 3ac;iy»yje XBa^y, niTO je MaTHh npeia cRpoMHon 
n^iany CBoje HcTopaje BacnHTaaa a^o npHJiAqno npo- 
CTopa c^ioBencRHM napoAHMa, Me^y ROJHia 3ay3HMJi)y yweAHO 
MecTo itpTe BejiBROM c^oBCHCROM yqBTeji>y H nnci^y Aiocy 
RoMencROM, Rora Maniejbe Ha3HBa ynHBepcaJiRHH nay^HBROM^ 
^enHM, 6jiarBM h o^R^iaTAM Ay^oH, npBHM jeBanl^e^iHCTOM mo- 
AepHe neAarorHJe 



cpe.iH>ux MceucKHX lUKO^a no OKpyauMa Mory y huhchm pa3pe4UMa run- 
uu3uja yMHTH u >KeHCHa 4eua. Ta^a je y nac MUHHcrapcKHM pacnH- 
COM AupeKTopHMa cpeAHjHX iiiKOja noKpenyxo m ea^HO nnTaHe o py«<- 
HOM paAy y idkcih. 

(') HcTopHjy HapoAHe nacTaBe y HeMa^KOj oa cepmeTKa cpeA- 
H>er Bena ao Aauac aeno je h npocxpaHO paa.ioHiuo Dr. Friedrich 
Paulsen, Geschichte des gelehrten Unterrichts. Leipzig. 18N5. 



CnOMEH AHMHTPMJy MATHTVY 23*5 

nocjie MaxHiieBHx paAOsa nojaBH ce h y Hac mho koao 
iLial^HX BpeHHx nHcaAa h SH»02K6BHHKa na OBOJ saHeMapeHoj 
rpaHH HayKa. Me^y H>HMa cy oco6hto noanaTa HMena A^em- 
HHJa BacHJb6BHiia, MiiJiana %. MHjiniieBHla, Bojnc^aBa Ba- 
BMta, CxeBaHa A- IIonoBHta, MnjiopaAa n. IIIanMaHHHa. Me^y 
OHOcrpaflHM Cp6HMa CBewe y tom nor;ieAy Hiena ^opi)a Ha- 
TomeBuiia, Hnso.ie ByKHiieBiitia, JoBaea JoBaHOBuLa (3Maja) 
H GreBafla B. IIonoBHLa. 

Kao npeAceAHHK CpncKora YqeHor ApyraxBa /l,HMHTpHJe 
MaTHt roBopno je 11 laja 1863 roAHHe CBe^Hy 6eceAy o 
npoMaBH XHAaAyroAHinftHiie MOBencKHX ariocro^a ^npHJia 
B MexoAHJa. Tom npHJiHKOM peKao je: 

„KaA AO%e Bpeie Aa Roja aeiuba h^h kojh napoA na- 
npeA nol^y h a^ ce npoMaBe, Haljy ce BejiHKH AyAH kojh 
Hx Ha xo cnpeie h noBeAy. CjioBencKH napoA Ayro je qoKao 
sa oBaKHM paAOHHitHMa. Ohh ce nojaBHme c KpcxoM h rh>h- 
roM y pyAH, a c (ioanjoM hcxhhom y cpity h ycxBMa, qeMy 
HHBOja CHjia oAO^exu ne Mo»e., h Be^HRHH A^^HMa H sao/iy- 
raia npoa«aBHffle ce nel^y C^ioBeHHMa . . . Be^iHKo h Be^Hxo 
Haqe.io HapoAHOcxH cbo Bunie AO^asH ao onmxe cbccxh. He- 
Aajiesa 6yAyiiHocx noKaaaLe, ah. mil fee ce oho HSBprnaxn, na 
Aa cBtf GjioBeHH cbojhm jeanKOH Bora cjiase h c^oBeHCBHM 
HHCMOM KftHry nflffly.** 

KaA ce y 1867 toahbh, noc;ie cpeLnor AotfaxEa rp'aAOBa 
cacxa.ia y BeorpaAy 6 aBrycxa (o Ilpeotfpaatefty) cKyu- 
mxHHa yjeAHBene OMjiaAHHe cpncKe, xaAa je Ah- 
MHxpnje MaxHt oa cxpane onnixHHCKor h oMJiaAHHCKor OA^opa 
HOSApaBHO OBaj SHaMeHHXH cHyn MJiaAHx o^pasoBannx Gp6a 
ca CBHJy Rpajena pacKOMaAaHHX cpncKHx aenaiba. 

3a BJiaAO HaMecHHHixBa uaAOJiexHor snesa Mn^ana 
06peH0BHha III (1868—1872 roA.) MaxHL je ynpanibao 
MHHHCxapcxBHMa DpocBOxe H CDO.iHHX HocjiOBa HyHO ^exHpH 
roAHHe. TaAa je cbojhm caBeioM h r.iacoM Kao ^^B.n B;iaAe 



236 CBEHAHH CKvn cpncKorA VMEHor 4pymTBA 

noMarao hhofo y cnpeiiaiby BJiaAHHa npe^uora 3a hob se- 
Ma^bCKH YcxaB. Ho y HaJBasHHJHH ycTaBHHM h no;iiiTH^SHM 
nHTaftHna, Eao niTO cy: H36opH nocJiaHBEa h cacxaB 3aR0- 
HOAaBHor T6Jia, CRynmTHHCRO npaBO npeA^ara&a BasoHa, koh- 
TpojiHO H 6yi^eTCR0 npaBO CRynmTHHe, HeoAroBopnocT napoA- 
Hflx noc^asHRa h OAroBopnocr MHHHCxapa h qHHOBHHRa, JLHwa 
<5HrypH0CT rpal^ana h upaBocyACTBO, cjio6oAa mxaMne h jaB- 
HHX 36opoBa H yApya^efta, — Ham borojehr neje Hiao ao- 
BOJbHO CHare hh yxHiiaja, a^ 6paHH h y npeA^or YciaBa ynece 
BasHHJa Ha^e^a, Roja je paHsje hb RaieApn h y RibHsseB- 
HOCTH sacxynao. Hapoquxo MopaMO sa^iHXH, mxo ly ce nnje 
Aa;io A& oxR^iOHu h3 YcxaBa oho ro6ho napel^efte no romo 
C8 jeAHa ^exBpxHHa noc^anHRa hmbm nocxaBibaxH no BJia- 
AHHOM npeA^ory }Ra30H, a o6h^ho je ysHHaHa h3 peAOBa 
^HHOBHHRa^ ROJH cy Be^HHOH CBarAB r^iaca^H y3 B^iaAy b 3a 
OBy yc^iyry qecxo xpaan^H h A0(5HJa^H oa B^aAe narpaAy 
ynanpel^efteM y CJiys6H. Obbro mneRy^Bcafte ca y3BHmeHHH 
H CBexBM noBHBOM noc^aHHRa na cRynrnxHun oco6hxo ce no- 
jaBH^o y BejiHROj lepn noA BJiaAaiia oa 1880 roAHne. To 
je y CBOJHM nocjieAHiiaMa Aonejio MHore He3roAe h onacnocxn 
namoj seMibH. 

Ofiaj npe;ia3HH xpenyxaR y HajnoBAjeM iiojihxh^rom »h- 
Boxy Cp^HJe 6ho je xeataR h nyn rpetfena. Tpe6ajio je bae 
nacxaBHXH tfnpoRpaxcRy BJiaAaaiiHy npocBebeHor AecnoxHSia ca 
saROHOAaBHHM /l^p^aBHHM GaBexoM B HapoAHOH GRynmxHHOH 
caBBBanoM jeAan nyx y xpn roAHne ca Roncy^xaxHBHHM r-ia- 
coM, FAe cy mejbe, Ho^6e h npeA^osn napoAHHX noc^asHRa 
caMo caMymaBann ; — hjih npetH oxBopeno ^hcxom ycxaBHOK 
CHCxeiiy ca cbbmb noxpe^HHM rapanxHJaMa, ca BaRonoAaBHOi 
CJ1060AH0 H3 CBHJy peAOBa napoAa nsaOpanoM cRynmxHHOi, 
Roja 6h noAJeAHaRO c B^aAaoi^ei Bprnujia BaROHOAaBny Bjiacx, 
ROJa 6h jaROH ROHxpojioM naA HSBprnaoM BJiamLy h naA 
iiejiORynHOH 3e][aji>cR0H ynpanoH ^yBa^a B^aAy h no.iHXHRy 



CnOMEH 4HMHTPHJy MATHTvY 237 

ApaaBHy, a* hc oaj he CTpaHoyTHiie , c kojhx ce xemKO 
Bpaha 6e3 ro^eiie nrreTe 3a napoA. Taso 6h ce 3ap Hamoj 
0Ta]|6HHH Horao ocHrypaiH npaBH;iaH pasBHiaR y hobhh no- 
jiHTH^RHM, na H y HOpa^iHHM u MaTepHJa^HHM TeROBKHaMa. 
TaRo 6h ee mo»6 6hth caqyBajia Gp6HJa oa yHyxpamaHX 
noTpeca h 6yu^y na h oa cnoJbHHX ro;i6MHx onacHOCTH h He- 
cpeha. TaBO 6fl ce no cboj npH^ini^H o6ycTaBHJio, aRO ne n 
ca CBHH oTR^iOHHJio eROHOHHO nponaAaftO napoAa h nar^io sa- 
Ayaeae seiiAe c orpoMHi xepexHia oa 1880 roABne. Ilo- 
ROJHH MaxHti y CBOJoj naxpaoxcRoj AyniH ocetao je, a xo y 
npB^Raiia h npusHanao, rojihro je cjia6a yxniiaja HMao y 
cnpe][aB>y h Hspa^HBafty xora npBor napoAHor YcxaBa y 
HOBOJ namoj AP^aBu. HcxHHa, Gp^nja je HHa^a CBOje na- 
poAHe ycxanoBe h sa Bpene npBora c.iaBHor ycxanRa noA 
Eapa^op^BM, a HMa^a je n noc^ie Apyror cpetiHor ycxanRa 
noA Mn^omeM. Hapo^nxo snaxno je h sna^ajno 6H;io aqao 
cpncRor napoAHor ycxaaa, Hspa^enor noROJHHM /I^HMHxpHJen 
AaBHAOBHtieH H nporjiamenor o CpexencRoj napoAnoj CRyn- 
fflXHHH y Eparyjeni^y (1835 roA.) Maxnt je h can xo qemte 
noxHftao H Ka^HOy mxo ce no neRO c^o6oAoyMno naqe^io 
B3 CpexencRor Ycxana nnje mopjio jaqe ynexn y Hara 
TpoJHHRH (HaiecnnqRH) Ycxan. Ho aRo Leno Aa (5yAeMo 
npaBH^HH y oi^eHH CBHJy HcxopncRHX apHJiHRa, CBHJy nojin* 
XH^BHX xero6a h lepoAaBHHX ibyACRHX RapaRxepa xora Bpe- 
Hena : HopaMO HCRpeHo npssnaxH, Aa xaj Ycxan Hcxnea nnje 
BcnyHHO Mnore pa34o»ne m,ejbe h o^eRHBaaa M^al^HX cjio- 
6oAoyMHHX H npocBeLennx peAoaa y Cp6HJH, nnje noroAHo 
HH AOBOJbHO ocBrypao inore HCxopncRe noxpe6e h npaBOAne 
3axxeBe cpncRora napoAa. Ho on je nnaR c norjiOAOM na 
najnpe'ie ynyxpamtte n cnojbne 3aAaxRe CpCnje Aao npa- 
6;iHatH0 Aocxa Ao6py napoAny ocnoBy sa nocxynan uojihxh^rh 
H Maxepnja^inH pasnnxaR AP^Rase, Roja hs Ajre xypcRe, a 
3a XHM naxpnjapxa^ne n ^npoRpaxcRe AOMabe B^iaAaBHne noA 



238 cBEqAHH CKyn cpncKorA yqEHor apvuitba 

xypcKHM cHsepeHCTBOM npeJiasH Ma;io no lajio y o6jihr mo- 
AepHe ycTaBHe seHJie ca BejiHEHH u toiukhm yHyTpamiBHM h 
cnoibamftflM saAaxi^HMa. Ha ochobh OBaEor ;ia6aBor ycraBa 
Cp6BJa HHJe AOCTHFJia BHCOKy Mepy AoCpnx ynpaBHHx, npa- 

BOCyACRHX, npHBpeAHBX H OHHaHCHCRHX, na HH UpOCBeXHHX 

aaKOBa, hhth ce y H>oj oco6hto cpetao h yrjieAHo BpraH^io 
seiaJbCRO saBOHOAaBCTBo h napoAHa BOHxpojia y cKynmxHHH. 
3a OBO J6 HeAOCTOJajio ihezMEHL no;iflXH^KHM JbyAUMa h nap- 
XBJaMa AOBOibHO 3Hatt>a h HCKycxBa, neAOcxojajio aobojeho 
no;iHXHTOor o6pa30Bafta, HeAOCxoja;io aobojbho vMHe h na- 
xepHjajiHe caiocxaJiHocxH. Ho y hcto Bpeie Cp6MJa je c xaE- 
BHH ycxaBOH nponijia cpeLHO Bpoa npBBpoHeHy B;iaAy Ha- 
MecHHinxBa H;iaAo;iexHor SHesa, a cKopo uoo/ie xora h spod 
os^HibHy ynyxpanitty h cnoibHy Epnay oa ABa xemsa paxa 
c jeAHOM Be^iHEOM i^apeBHHOH, Bsa qera ocxa Rao Ao6flxaE 
ApsaBHa HesaBHCHOCx ca oc^o6o^ei&6H jeAHor A^Jia 6pahe y 
Cxapoj Cp6HJH, a c xhm noja^an yoeA y CBexy h na Ba;i- 
EancEOM no^iyocxpBy, ea HaAOi, a^ JeBponoM OAoCpeno xy- 
l^HHCEO 3ay3HMau»e no^OBHHe Apyrnx cpncRHX o6;iacxH nehe 
Ayro xpajaxH. /I,a je nocjie OBora ycnexa Chjio lel^y r^aB- 
HHH cpncRHM Apa^aBHBi^HHa H no^flXH^apHMa BHme napoABor 
oceLaiba h 6paxcRor AoroBopa a HaH>6 napxHCRHX cxpacxH h 
pasAopa, Mowo 6h ce rojiu cyA6flHe cpncRe noBecxH jienme 
H noysAaflHJe na cycpex xerotfaia, Roje cy ^eRa^e CpCnjy 
Ha nyxy onacHBX cboabbx yxHijaja h npexeHSMJa ycjiCA 6ep- 
^iHHCRor yroBopa. Ho YcxaB ne hoch cS.h RpHBBiiy sa no- 
rpeiHRe Roje y namoj seiajbCRoj no4HXHi(H nowHiune jbyAH 
H cxpaHEe na mxexy oxap6HHe. GBecHH h cpetiHH ap»&bhhi(h 
oc^raBJtajy nocjie ce6e aac^yre h A0(5ap cnoMen h 6e3 ycxaBa 
h;ih ca CJiatfHM ycxaBHHi orpaAasia. A Gp^HJa cxpaAa h JLojb- 
CEa nponaAa nopeA caera YcxaBa. Ha CBaEH na^HB npaso 
je petH, Aa j^ Taj nani Ycthb Morao 6hxh Ao6pa niRo;ia sa 
nojiHXH?Eo o6pa30BaH>e napoAa. 



CnOMEH AMMllTPlIJy MATMTvy 239 

Vll. 

Oa npaRTHqna MaTHheBa paAa Tora BpeMena na npo- 
CBeTHoJ ynpaBH aacjiyayje oco(5mto cnoieHa YqHTeibCKa 
niKOJia Kojy je oh yBeo. Oko H>e ce oh mhopo ipy^Ho cra- 
pajyiiH ce aS' 7 ochobhoj nacTaBH ociBapn Haqejia soja je 
036H&HH1 npoyqaBaH>eM name h CTpaHHX RyjiTypHHX napoAa 
o6pa30BaHOCTH HspaAHO H nponoBOAao. PaAOCT xy je 6Hjia 
Be^HKa, KaA je y CKopo AoatHBeo, Aa najjiennie aqao aeroBHX 
pyKy HanpoAyje h aohoch HapoAy AyxoBHe o6H;iaTe njiOAone. 
Haj6o^H ycoB, kojh je na cpncROJ npocBexHoj h>hbh nocaAHo, 
ycneo je; HapoAHa naciaBa AO^H^a je yqaieACKOM hikojiom 
SApaBy ocHOBy. y BesH c obhx MaiBh je Rao MHHHCTap 
npocBeie jrhbo nacTOJaBao^ Aft ce flOAHsy seAejiHe mROJie 
H qHTaoHHiie no Bapomnxa h ce^iHMa. Oh ce mhofo naAao 
Aa tie HapoA npociHH mHpe&eH nHCMeHOCTH RopaRHyxH 6p30 
y 3HaH>y, y npHBpeAH h MopaJiHOCXH. Ha majioci, H>eroBH 
uoRymaJH y obom npaBuy aohojih cy c;ia6e RopHCTH. He- 
AejbHe mROJie nocjie sera cRopo cy npecxa^e. Ho n caxa 
necMeHocT 6e3 036HibHe HacraBe y npHpoAHHx, MOpa^iHHM h 
ApymTBeHHM nayRaxa ne BpoAH hhofo, h na npoiBB qecro 
MOjRe Aft ce ynoipe^H na sjio. Eojihro cho ce nyxa y na- 
mex no^iHxflqROM »HBOxy nocAeAftax roAHHa c xyroM cela^H 
H noxHmji»a;iH, RaRO cy npocxH h HeoHCHeHH Ji»yAH, HajiHR 
Ha XaJAyR'BejbROBa 6paxa MH^yxuHa, Rora cmo PJieAftJiH y 
saROHOAaBHOM /l^psaBHOM Ganexy, ^hhijih Gp^HJH BBme qa- 
cxH H RopHCXH, HO XHorH yqeHH H HapoAHOx xpoHiRy Ha 
cxpaHHX •aRyAxexHxa iDROJiOBaHH cpncRu chhobh. 

Apyre roAHHe cBOje apocBexne ynpane boa HaiecHHrn- 
xbom MftXHii je OApeAHO jeAHy Be^Hsy cxpyqny RoiHcajy, ro- 
joj je cxaBHO saAaxaR, Aft npoy^H h3 6jiHxe pe^opie Roje 
6h Baji»aAo HSBpniHXH y AejioRynnej jaBHoj nacxaBH, y ochob- 



240 CBEMAHU cKvn cpncKOFA y^EHor iipymTBA 

HHM H cpeAibHM iDKo^iaxa na H y Be^HKoj IIIkojih(^). Oea 
ROMHCHJa cacTajajia ce peAOBHo h pa^H^ia nyny roAHHy Aa-Ha^ 
HO paA n caB6T0BaH»a H»6Ha oeiajia cy fls nenosHaxHX ys- 
poKa Heo6jaBji>eHa h H6ynoTpe6ji»6Ha y apxHBu MHHHCTapcTBa* 
?yAHO j6y EaBo ce OBano BpeAHOM h HCKpeBOM paAHHsy sa 
yHanpel^efte ochobho nacraBe, sasaB je 6ho MaiHL, Horjia 
H3iiatH BejiHKa Basnocr cTpyqnora crajino h ^Bpcro ype^e- 
Hor HaASopa, saRaB je BeL totobo CByAa c ycnexoM yseAen 
y JeBpoDH, ua y naJHOBHJe Ao6a h y Mal^apcKoj, PyiyHHJH, 
XpBaTCRoj H ByrapcRoj. 7 nonenyTOj BejiHRoj rohhchjh CBpa* 
bena je na obo saiiainHO nHTafte napo^HTH na»H>a, a aoi(- 
HHJe Ha saROHOAaBHoj CRynmTBHH y Heniy 1879—1880 roA* 
6ho je je capeMj^en y tom cHHay napo^HT saROHCRH npeA- 
Ror, ROJH B6or HaroMHJiaHHx Apyrux nocjiOBa ne Aocne Ha 
AfleBHH peA. Ha majiocT, name ocHOBHe mROJie joni h A&Hac 
eioje 6e8 cxa^iHora cipyqHor HaASopa. IIIto ce inqe Haie- 
paBaHHX pe^opaHa sa neJiHRy h cpeA&e mRo^Le^ h one ociame 
sa Bpeie HaieeHHqRe BJiaAe HeH3BpnieHe, BaJi»Aa 36or Be^HTe 
ocRyAHije 6y^eTCRHx h MaTepHJaJiHHX cpeACTaBa(*). BjiaAe 
OHora BpeMena HHcy yHejie hjih HHcy xre^ie ab. saeTapejiH 
nopecRH CHcxeii OAce^Hor njiaiiaH>a c rjiane na r^any leftajy 
na npaBH^UHJH h pasyMHiju CHCieM nopese no HMyLcTsy h 



(^) KoMHCuja BOAiua je pe^oBHO sanucHUK oa cbojhx cacTaHaiia 
H caeeTORaiba. Obu sanucHunH H3H0ce HeKo^HKO CTOTHHa nHcauHX ra- 
6aKa. y KoiiMCHJH 6H4ii cy npeAce;iHHK Ap. Joch4» IlaHHuh, h KOJbKO 
ce cahaMO, H^aHOBH: 'Bopl)e Ma^erHh, Casa CpereHOBBh, AjHiinuje 
BacHjbeBHh, IlauTa CpehKOBuh, Mnaau *£. MiuuheBuh, CrojaH HoBa- 
KOBHh, AhHM ^yMHh. CreBaH 4- IIonoBHh u Crojau BouiKOBuh. 

(') KaA je HHcau obrx Bpcra Kao HHHHCTap npocBere y AeiieM- 
6py 1879 nocwiao 4p>KaBH0M CaseTy na nperaeA CBOj npeA-ior o ho- 
BOM ypel)eH>y MUHHCTapcTsa npocaexe, OA(5op OApe!)eH CaBexoM 3a m3- 
Bemxaj o obom npcA^ory saBpmuo je HSBeiiiTaj penuMa, Aa je y Ha- 
Me-iy car^acau ca npeAJoroM; ho Aa he 6hth OAcyAHO npoTHBau, ano 
6ii ce 3a peO'OpMe y npeA-iory 03ua«{eHe rpaxtuja u jeAua napa Buiue 
TponiKa y 6yueTy, cbc aofoa ce ae ucnaaTe napoAy paxue peKBH3H- 
UHje H AOK ce He OAy«H paraH Ayr. 



CnOMEH AHMMTPHJy MATHHy 24 I 

iipHxoAHMa. TaKO ce qecTO y BJiaAH roAHHama ^eKajio h 
Haieaajio, Aa ce OTBopH Koja CTpyqna niKOJia h;ih Koja Be- 
oMa flOTpetfna KaxeApa y Be^iHBOj IIIko^ih. A eio HeAaBHo 
MGAacMO, KaKo ce Cp6HJa o;iaKo oniepeiH c HeKo^HKo cxo- 
THHa MH^iHJyna Ayra 3a Apyre onpaBAaHe H HeonpaBAaue no- 
Tpe6e. y c;iyat6eHHM HSBeniTaJHMa, Koje je noKoJHH MaTHfc 
noAHOCfto HapoAHoj CKynniTMHH 3a ^eiifpH roAHHe CBora mh- 
HHCTpoBaiba, noHHibe ce BejiHKa IIlRo^a caio c HeRo^iHso Bp- 
cia. A KaKBy orpomny paiUHKy y tom norjieAy HajiasHMo 
Ha irp. y MHHHCxapcKHM HSBeniTtyHMa y AycTpHJH(*) hjih y 
PycHJH. noKOJHH MaTHt Mopao je oceLaiH jaKO oBy iipaa- 
HHHy, THM BHffle, IDTO je paHHJHX TOAHHa HCTHijao qemie 
cBojy OKHJbeHy MHcao o cpncKOM yHHBepcHTOTy, a mel^y tum 
y nac na ^hjioco^ckom (DasyjiTeTy Ha np. npeAaBao je jom 
HenpecxaHO onmxy h cpncKy HcxopHjy jeAan jeAHM npo4»e- 
cop! C xora, noKOJHiiK, atajieLH raxo npeiia cbojhm ateAaiia 
HHJe Horao ca MiiHUciapCRe cxojiHi^e BHine ypa^Hxn, noi[Hu»e 
y CBOJHH npflBaxHHM (ievieinKaMa, RaRo ce y npaRxnqHoj iio- 
.iHXHUH He Moate HaBpniHXH CBe, mxo ce c RaxeApe hjih y 
RH>H3H nponoBeAa. 3a noxBpAy xora no3HBa ce na npHMep 
snaMeHHXor nncua n 6eceAHHRa Kacxe^apa y IIInaHHJH. 

Ho fflxo RHes MH^ian npHUH B^iaAy, anrycxa 1872, Ma- 
Tilt 6yAe HOCxaB^ien 3a q^ana y Ap^aBHOi Canexy, rAe ce 
aeroBOM npaBHOM 3HaH»y h fteroBOM ApataBHHqROM ncRycxBy 
Aajio onex jieno uoab sa paA. Y HapoAHoj CRynmxHHH Roja 
ce cacxa^ia y anrycxy 1875 roAHfle MaxHii je 6ho nocxaBAen 
H npHMHo ce 3a RHeateBor nocianHRa y CRyunixHHH. Haxpa- 
OTCRHM ocetiatteM h nynoM OAaHorafcy yqecxBOBao je y 3Ha- 
MOHHXHM paAOBHia OBe CRyamxHHe, ROJa je pemaBajia h o 
KpeAMxy 3a paxny cnpeny y oqn BejiHRHX Aoral^aja yc;ieA 



( ' ) Bhah DieVerwaltung derOsterreichischen Hoch- 
Kchulen, von Dr Karl Lemayer. Wien 1878. 

r.iACHHK LXIX. 



242 CBEqAHH CKvn cpncKOrA yqEHor APyniTB\ 

HapoAHor noKpeia y Bochh h XepiieroBHHH. Bho je OA(5op- 
CKH HSBecTH^iaii y GKynniTHHH o B;iaAHHOM npe^Jiory sasoHa 
npo^ecopcKHM HcnHTHMa. IIpeA or;iac paia TypcKoj H3Bp- 
iDHO je noBep^HBy MHCHJy HSHene yroBopa o caBesy HSie^y 
Cp6Hje H D^pHe Tope, a noae npHiHpja c TypcKon nocjiaH 
je y npojiete 1877 roA. Rao BJiaAHH ApyrH nyooiotHHK y 
H^apHipaA paAB nperoBopa h sasjbyqRa mpa. Ilocjie CBp- 
meHor Apyror paxa y 1878 roA. (5ho je H3a6paH 3a npeAceA- 
HHKa HapoAHe CKynniTHHe y KparyjeBijy, Koja je BepjiHHCKH 
yroBop npHHHJia h HesaBHCHOCT nporjiacHJia. Gsopo nocjie 
Tora ymao je Rao MHHHCiap npasAe y Ra6HHeT r. PHcxHtia, 
y ROM je ocrao ao Rpaja 1879 roAHHe, RaAa je Bet 6ho opo- 
flyo 3AP&B&eM. 

HoMeAfte CBoje Aane npoBeo je y nopoAHWOM Rpyry. 
Bflo je AO Rpaja nyn Ton^HX ocelaja sa naupeAaR CBoje 
3eijbe H napoAa, CBarAa Jby6a3aH h npaBHqaH, na h na ca- 
MpTHOj nocTejbH Ao6ap Gp6HH, xpHm&aHHH, upaBH mAOCo^ 
no yr;ieAy na cBoj HA^jaji, MapRa Aspe^HJa. 

Ha rpo6y OBora peiRor Apyra, qecxHTor Hay^HHRa h 
poAOibyOa Tpe6a Aa ce aanHTaMo : /l,a jih Le seroBe m Heme 
xejRfte E HHCJiH HiaiH TpaJHa 0A3HBa y Aynin cpncRora na- 
poAa H oMJiaAHHe? Aa ah he CpnciBO y npocBeTHOM h Ha- 

IlHOHaJlHOM CMHCJiy npHHalH ce CROpO 6jlHSe BeJlBRHM 3a- 

AamHMa, Roje My Haneayjy HCTopHja h Ayx HOBora BpeieBa? 
Hua MHoro HeiH^HX 3HaR0Ba, roje sac y tom norjieAy osrsl- 
jiomiiyjy. Ho EHa Aocxa e cBeTjiEX nojaBa, RoJEMa ce MoseMo 
xpa6pETE E EaAOM y 6oJbe A^ne RpeoETE. 

HeRa je ^EMETpEJy MaxEhy Be^Ei cnoMeE y cpucROH 
BapoAy ! HeRa My EMe 6yAe CBex^o y oMjiaAEEE e noxoMcxBy! 



UPTE H3 BOCHE. 

I. 
O opnoKHM onaxnjaMa no4 xypcBOM BJiaAOM. 

OcHH TypcRHx enaxHJa y Bochh, o soJEiia ce h cjBHine 
Aocra SHa^e, mh totobo Kpo3 cay enoxy TypcKe B^iaAasBHe 
Ha^asHMO HMeHa cpncRHx ^enaxHJa', sanHcaiBX y AOiahnji 
^H^emKaia; Bao h ibHXOBe c^iHBe no ManacTHpHMa, yAOcro- 
jeHHx Tora HjecTa 6h;io sao ocHHBaqn^ noHOBHTOJbH, hjib npH- 
jiosHHi^H CB. xpaHOBa. 

y BocHH nas (a oa ^bcth h y XepiteroBHHii) Hajia3HM0 
THJex cnaxHJa cBe ao npBe qexBpTH oBor CTo;ieta ; a anxoBe 
noTOMKe join h Aanac. 

HeLe 6hth cyBtfniHo, aso o TOie HBHeceMo HeRo no- 
AaxRe Ha bhabr^ ynjieieHe ca HapoAU»HH npeAau»HMa h 
npH^aiia. 

IIopeA cnaxHJa (obab je cb6 pnjeq o npaBocjiaBHHMa 
cnaxHJaia), roJh HHaAome npaBo na CBoje nocjeAe (Rao Mh- 
^opaAOBHti y XepiieroBHHH), HciHqy ce h Apyrn, 6e3 cbojhx 
nocjeAft, KOJH HMaAome npiBBJierHJe : no^HpaTH sa ce6e 
AeceTHHy y HSBJecHHM MJecTHMa Rao roA h lypcRe cnaxHJe, 
c «Me Aft B^RO tfHJame CRon^ano hgro tfjiaropoACiBo, ya no- 
lacfly Ha TO ca6Ay H cy;iTaHCM ^BepaT.*" TaROBH ;,6epaT- 
jiHJa*, na nan ceJtaR 6ho, Morao je hochth caiyp-Raji- 
naR H nocTaBAOH typaR, aor y BpHJeie ^JaftHqapa** h 



244 UPTE H3 BOCHE 

/I.axHJa Haj6oraTuJH iproBitH capajeBCKH Hocaine Ajre ryiteBe 
H^Ke HasapaAeHe BMCOKe sane, Koje noa«>e saijeHMffle npaBHn 
^MHxaqKaMa", KaKBe hocii MHpcKo CBeraxeHCTBO y Cp6HJH; 
a OA Bpeiena OMep-narae, le ^^HTaqKe** nar^iuM KopaKOM 
saMHJeHHme iipBeHM «i»ecoBH. Obo 6pyKe y npoMjeHH Homfte 
He 6HJaffle mhc;ihm HH^e y XepiieroBHHH, a BaA^a bh y Bo- 
CHH ocHM je^HHora CapajeBa. — 

Ho mio je boLhm AHJe;ioM tfocancKo-xepiieroBaTOa apn- 
CTOKpaanja npHMHJia Bjepy MyxaieAaHCKy pa^H caqyBaH»a 
HvHBOTa, HMaiba H n;i6MCTBa, o Meiiy TBpAe cbh rojk nHcame 
nponacTH Bocne, neHH ce ^hhh, a* th cnaxiuynH, o ko- 
jima je OBA.je roBop, HHJecy AHJeAeHii npaBOCJiaBHHMa m3 
npH3HaH,a H,nxoBora cxapor iiJieieHa, Hero sa Hese 
oco^HTe sacjiyre, y^Hftene cyjixaHUMa h h»hxobhi BojcKaMa y 
BpHJeMG paioBa, hjih y ApyrHM HeKHM npHJiHKaMa, a laKO- 
BHJex je 3roAa h cyBHme Mor;io 6hth y BpHJene MexMe^a 
II, fijercTBa ABOJime ApceHHJa, paioBa H3Met)y Typ- 
cKe a AycTpHJe h t. a. — Ho raxo je Bocna na;ia noA 
TypKe, Ko roA ce HHje xxeo noxypMHXH, xaj je nocxao yHH- 
acena ^paja"", na na oh 6ho n;ieMHb hjih npocxa ce.MR, xe 
c»* AJ<^ua HOHcxypMenHx 6oahx nopoAMiia jiafeame noMoryL- 
cxBy xproBHHe u sanaxa. Koa 6ocaHCRHX Rpa.%eBa najiasHMO 
y oxMenoj c^y»6H /I.ecHcajiHfea, a MoiRAa oa Hcxe nopo- 
Aime y 15 h 16 BBjeny HajiaaiiMO y CapajeBy 3Jiaxape Ae- 
CHca;iHlie, no qHJoj ce 8anoBHJecxH h y h»hxoboj Kyfen nnca 
^cdnvNHKk'' oA basa A^'^KxpHJe, o leny je AoeeceHa jeAna 
fiiiJbeniKa y ^JaBopy.* 

GiiaxHJe MnjiopaAOBBliii, oa Rojex cy AananiibH rpo«OBH 
y PycHJH, Hiajy a caA y ManacxHpy aKHxoMHniAHfey cBoj oep- 
Man, y ROMe horh cy^ixan (hhc^hm Gy^iejMaH) bo^ih : ^A^BaMo 
oBaj Bam npoBHcoRH 4»epMaH MHJiomy (MnJiBcaBy) cnaxHJH 
sa ycjiyrenaMa yqBH>eHe", h rojh fee oepMaa mhcjihm 
CRopo yooAftXH CBHJexa y npOBOAy. He SHajyfen mh Hamxa 



UPTE M3 BOCHE 245 

^aAe THJeM ^ycjiyraMa*', KaKBe cy h KO^HKe 6H;ie. Mm- 
^opaAOBHLa nopoAHiia 6iam je, h ociaje ysop 6;iaroiacTHJa 
H oco6me no(JoaHocTH, idto CBjeAOMe h ftaxose sa^yai^HHe 
H AyroBpeieHO noinope HCTHMa, Rao h npHno3HaT0 h>hxobo 
jyHamTBO h 6jiaropoACTBO Ha AaJieEOM cjeBepy, Y ocxa^ioM, 
H>HXOB ^epMaH cBJeAO^H : a^* TypuH HHJecy 6paHHAH KMyhHHH 
Cp^Hia OA 6oroAaHor HMaH>a noAHsaxB cb. xpaiioBe, le Ta- 
KOBH HanacTHpu H H>HXOBe zenjbe OHJaxy ocjio6o^eHH oa 
€BaBujex A^UHJa, mio cBJeAO^H jom h noJiHTH^RH EopaK 
MexieAa II, noAapHBrnn $paH>eBUHMa ^epian y CyijecKoj 
nospaj B 6 B II a. TaKOBHJex o^epiaHa cyjiiaHCKHx HajiasiiMo 
AOweH cy roA Typun AonHpa;iH y IIpHMopjy, h to KaKO y 
npaBoc^aBHHM laBO h y JiaTUHCEHM ManacTHpHMa, mxo can oa 
oqeBHAaua c^ymao rojh cy hx BH^a;iH (ApximaH. HnROJia- 
jeBBiiH Ji $pa rpro MapTali). CaMa Epyna y A^-^MaitHJH 
HMa HX c 6epaTHMa npoRO 15. 

y lanacTHpy TpoJHiiH (y n;ieB;i>HMa) HMa y iipenpaTH 
4;a noTHHCOM Bohh CuaxHJa noA(5;iafeaHHH (ce;io je 
IIoA6;iaiie HBMe^y E^teBJba h ^aJEH^a), Rao noHOBHTejb hctb 
(JoroMOAe. 

ToAHHe 1711 EomRO cnaxuja ca TjiacHHiia {m Coko- 
jioBHtia) noR^OHH capajOBCROJ kprbh ^Hoctnuh Tf^TcoA'b/ Y 
sanHCHHRy hcto iipRBe: ^Mbjioid naxpHJapxoB, 6paT 
€naxHJe*, h to lie (Jhth oHaj hcth, rojh ce cnoMHH>e m y 
42 ^TjiacHHEy'', y cnoiteHHiiHMa oa r. HoBaROBBka. Obhjbx 
cnaxHJa 6hjio je naJBHine Ay^ pnjeRe Ap^ne, noneBinH oa 
<&o^e, YcTyROJiBHe, ropa»Aaj BHmerpaAa MoRpe Tope, ua 
OHAa ROA JlHJeBHa h T^ioMa^a Aas^ien cse na Ta^Raiia CTpa- 

TerH^HUM H n;iaHHHCRHM. 

noMOTROM oBor BHJORa 6jeine y ce^y EpanROBHliHMa 
{poraTH^. ROT.) HBaH cnaxHJa BM»yjeBMfe h aeroBa ipn 
6paTHLa: CTOJan h non OcTOJa oa jeAHora 6paTa, a Ko- 
cra OA Apyrora. HBan je HMao cnaxH^iyR y hctomo ce;iy, \f& 



246 UPTE H3 BOCHE 

je MHoro^poJHa nopoAHiia HCTypqeHHX BpaHKOBHta, le 
cy H OA OBHX B^a»yjeBHliH notfapajiH 3a ce6e AeceiHHy (! ?). 

— (Ilowe oKynaiiHJe HceAaaajy ce BpaHKOBaiiH y TypcBy), 

HBany cnaxnJH uayiipHje CBe mio je MymRo h HaBOM 
H>era ociaAe mtep Jejisa, yA^Ta noMe y CapajeBy, h fijeme 
nyHHiia A&HaniH>era Jobb IIlHHAHba, sjiaxapa. EaA Mycraj- 
nama nociaAe sanoBJeAHHKOi y CapajeBy, no^ne nperyieAaxH 
cnaxHHCKe „(5epaTe*, naK AO^e peA h na JejiKy. Kao »eH- 
CROJ rjiaBH OAysHe 6epaT h ca6ji>y, a npysn joj y HasHaAy 
5 xypcKHX „Hrp'iiH;iyEa*' (ao 12 oop. y CBe BpHJeAHO- 
6th) h CBH^iene join laiepHje Aa CKpoJH jeAHy Ayra^Ky ^an- 
lepHJy.** 

IIpHMJeTHTH MH je OBAJe, Aa npaBO cnaxH^iyRa Ha no- 
6npaH>e A6ceTHHe Bamnjio je y HymEoj jiosh ca oi^a Ha CHHa 

— AOA«3BeTor KOJteHa; a y no({oHHOJ ;ihhmjh — na 6paly, 
AO Tpelier naca. 

TpeiiH 6paTflti HBaHOB, Kocxa, HMao je cnaxH^iyB boa 
HoBor-IIasapa, ajiH Bp;io MpmaB, naB je c BejiHBOi MyBOM 
no($Hpao H OHO mio My je npnnaAa^io. 3a to Bpabajyiiu ce 
jeAHOM 6 BojcKO HCHOA „Ca3HJe* (HfflJiH cy BajbAa npoTHB 
Pyca), OH can cBojeBOAHO npeAaAe TypiiHMa cboj 6epaT u 
ca^Ay. 

OBaj nocxynaK cbjoao^h jacHo, Aa cy h cpncBe cna- 
XHJe Mopa,ie hIh na BojcBy, h o CBOjoj fipameHHUM, Bao roA 
H lypcKe, 

Oa ropRera nona Ocioje B^aatyjeBHta Hia h Aanac 
JBAaH ynyB, Kocia, CKopo oateaen y ^.^pbohth; a chh je 
noEOJHora none PHCie CeBHJiapHJe, 6HBmer eMMepa y capa- 
jeBCKOM no Ay. 

Apyre onex cnaxHJe OBor Biena (cnaxHfeH), MoatAa h 
poA ropftHJex no mxo jcahh h Apyrn ciaBHnie BacHAeB-Aan 
(1 jaHyapa), 6h;ih cy HajnpHJe boa PopaatAa h laMO H^aJiH 
cuaxHJijB. Oa xe nopoAime ^Hjaxy hoeojhh cnaxBLn: Hh- 



UPTE H3 BOCHE 247 

Ko;ia M PflCTo; npBH Kao ywTejb y CapajeBy, a ApyrH Kao 
TproBaii y Ba&ojJiyuH, ^e hm join »hbh cecxpa Mapa h Pb- 
CTHHa AJeiia. 

y Ciapoj PopH (poraiH^. kot.) Hiajy xpii (Jpaia Ba;i- 
qauH Ha CBojoj seiJbH, ROJHJex npe^itH Tano^e 6HJaxy cna- 
XHje. H>HX0Ba ca($jiia, hjih 6ojbe petiu CTapHHcsH HeRH se- 
3eHH Ma^, 04y3eT hm je npn no^Hpaay opy»ja nowe oEy- 
naiiHje. 

y cejiy JlaraTEMa koa ycTyKOJiHHe (©oqan. kot.) ao 
CKopo ^KHBibame Tomo cnaxnja, Kyjyni^Hli, nnaqe .1 h r a t 
no cejiy OAasjien je, Kora OTau h;ih naJRamfte ^ba nita^nie 
cnaxHJiyK yUnnjinH — MJecTy npeia jlHraiHMa. Oa ToMe 
Hia H caA Aocra nopoAHi^e, a cuh My Ileiap ap^h Mexany 
noA BflTes njiannHOM HAytn y Ilpaqy. 

y napoAy ce npn^a, a* je HesH npamyKyH^eA Tomhh 
Ao6ho to rocnoACTBO oa caMora cyjiTana MexMCAa II, sa to, 
niTO My je nosaaao rS.3 h npeneo Bojcsy npeso Sejiense 
(Rasy Aft ce npnje pnjeRa Ap^h& ^aRo anajia), h a^ je 
MexMGA Hajnpnje ymao y Bocny roa ycTyRo^inne, ^e je (5flo 
rpaAHl Xepitera CTJenana, xe ce y crjenaMa Tora rpaAa h 
caA BHAH neRH odnyiax naTnnc ca iiHpnjiRiioM. Ila no niTO je 
cy^Tan MexMeA na Bjepy npoBapao h nocjoRao BoJBOAy Tora 
rpaAa, rojh My je h3 ony CTpany Hanmao (Jho na cycpex, 
ApyrH BOJBoAa HBannffl RaA to AO^yje, nowe na (Jpsy 
pyRy cnpoMaTH napoA na oTnop, Aace ^ycTyRne** nenpn- 
jaTOA. Me^y thm je cy^iTan MexMOA noMao noROJiHRa ro- 
H>aHHRa Rao nsBHAHHiiy, Rojn npenjinnajy pHJeRy npoMa ca- 
AaniH>oj $oqH h Ty na^y MHoro Rai^a n 6ypeTa, Roja ce 
no TypcRH 80By ^oyHH**; na RaA ce BpaTe cy^any, Raaty 
My, Aft HHJecy BH^ejiH HHRaRBO BojcRe nero caMO ^oyqnja'' 
H HORO^BRa paAHHRa, Te ce 36or Tora to mjocto npo3Ba;io 
Ooqa. y tomo neRn .iHraT nperaan ^e je snao najnjinie 
npoA TypcROM BojcROM, Roja OAMax noqne ocBajaTH 3eMAy 



248 UPTE M3 60CHE 

M rpaAOBe. BoJBOAa HfiaHHin hbh^o joj Ha cycpex (jeABa jih?) 
Te ce aano^BHC KaBra, y Kojoj Muorn nornny a le^y ibbmh 
nBaHHm H jeAan rypcsH iiama, sora HBanHm cbojom pyROM 
yAapM Ma^ieM no rjiaBH, xe h Aanac uoKasyjy aaxoBo ipa- 
Mopje, Koje ce 30Be: ^HBaHHineB RaMen** h ^BesnpeB 
RaMGH.** — Moae 6hth a^ wia idto h flCTHHe y obom npi:- 
^aifcy, Te ab. je HBaHHin cpeo jeAHo OAJe^ieae lypcRHX ro- 
ftaHHRa, ROJH cy noniJiH y npaBi;y r Oo^h, h rojh je npe- 
Ajeji y TO Ao6a ciiaAao noA Xep^e^a CxjenaHa. 

npH „Tona;i** OciaH-naniH, Rora jom naMTHio, RaA ce y 
CapajeBy ABJeAame HeRa HOB^ana narpjiAa y nie saocxaBmnx 
cnaxHjiyRa oa BpeMena OMep-name, AOJiasHO je h noneHyTif 
HaiipwjeA Tono jlHrax H;in Kyjynijflli, a* no cbomb npaBy no- 
xpaaiH Rojy MpaRy ; ajiH ce y3a;iyAH0 xpyAHO h upasHHJex raaRa 
RylH noBpaxHo ; aor Me^y thm HeRe rojteH „xaMajiH* xyp- 
CRH Ao6nrae y naRHaAy no 100 Reca (60.000 rpoma). Pa- 
3yMJe ce no ce6H, a^ cy capaoH MojceoBitH Aa^H pafiaxa 
2lVo AOR cy npFiiaAajylie cyiie noAHrjiH h3 Race, a capao 
onex xy ao6hx noAHJejiHo ca OcMaH-namoM h xe^epAapoM . . . 

Ga oRynaitnjoM H3yMp;io je m npaBo na no6HpaH>e A^ce- 
TMHe (MMajy ra jom neRH BaRyM TypcRfl!?), Te ocxaAe caMo 
jeAHO cnoMiiH»aH>e oa xora: ,,Bca cbcta' OBora cBHJexa Aol^e 
H npo^e Rao cjeHRa, a Ao6po hmo khbh AOBHJeRa. — 



II. 

O Typ^6H>y y Boohh ; o6H^aJHMa cpncBHM 

BOA TypaBE, ca npH^ana h 

Aora^aJHMa y cbosh Tora. 

KaA ho cyjixan Moxmoa II H3HeHaAH0 ynaAe y Bocny 
1463 roA. ca chjihom bojcrom, xe je upeftpH;iH Rao njiaxo- 
BHxa (JyjBita, Roja npeA co6om Ba^a APB^e h RaMeae — CBe 



UPTE M3 BOCHE 249 

nrro ce upeA ftOM saAecH, thah, iiopeA necpeiHe cyA^e jom 
HecpeTHHJer Kpajta ToMameBHfea — BJiaAa;ia^Ke KyKaBime, 
CBH OHH, KOJH ce AecEffle flOKpaj ibera h y H>eroBOJ wyaiCM, 
a 6HJaxy Ha yAapuy TypcKHJex MeTa, xe kojh ho Morome yiatn 
y cycjeAHO seiAe, XpBaTCKy h /l,a;iMai^HJy, h;ih ce He ck^io- 
HHme y n;iaHHHCKa Mjecia, RaROBHMa Eocna H3o6H;iyje: — 
TH CBH, Be;iHX, h;ih naAome Rao a^pTBa uoa TypcROM ca6jbOM, 
HAE H3JaBHffle BOAy Aa fee ce noiyp^HTH. OBaj ro6 HaJBHnie 
je saAecHO nJieitCTBO u doraTame. A RpajBHi^a ERaxapHHa ca 
la^oM CBOJOM npaiftOM jeAsa h remRHJeM HanopHHa npeBa;iH 
Oes OAHopa npeRO BpjieTHe h RpmoBHie EpaJHHe, npeHofeiiBmH 
nocjieAH>y Hofe Ha ({ocaHGROM seiiJBHniTy y npaBoc^aBHOH lana- 
CTHpy XpMany, o Meiy h caA npH^ajy TaMomibH atHie-M. 
Aah no niTO je MHHyo npBH crpax h 3a6yHa HapoAH>a 
RaRBa o6h^ho 6HBa y laRoj cpHjiHitH npeA cypoBHi h chji- 
BHM no6jeAHTejBeM, napoA ce npH(Jpao oa sadyne h r ce6H 
Aomao, T3 HsyaeBiDH c^yqaj na Bu;iajcR0M no^y h hoa 
Bhcorhm, Typ^eH>e y MacH HapoAa hhjb hiojio TaRO 6p3HM 
RopaROM; H ipe^ajia cy nyHa qexHpH BHJeRa, naR ah 
Eocna h XepaeroBHHa OpoJH joabh ^eiBpifl AHJe;i cxaHOB- 
HHRa Rao HyxaMOAaHue. Ha a^a^ocr, cnaRaRo bo^hr iJpoj! 
— Ochm Tora, h can Moxmba II Rao h fteroBH HamjbeAHHiiH 
HMaJiH cy o63Hpa Ha to, a^ ce napoA He HceJtaBa jep je 
Tpe6a40 o6pabHBaTH aew^by, CJiy^HTH B3TypqeHy rocnoAy h 
^apa^** nJiafeaiH. 

Ha RaA ce nefe 3Ha, Aa cy cy;iTaHH no6HpajiH y ocbo- 
jeHHM cpncRHM seMAaia ^AeceiaR*' oa najyrAeAHHje AJeue, 
H CJia;iH HX y AsHJy Aa ce o^pasyjy oa ftHX jaRH^apcRe 
;ierHJe, to ce noysAano MO»e tbpahth : Aa j^ Taj nocTynaR 
6ho joAan oa rJiaBHHX yBpoRa Typqeaa, le cy MHorn 

pOAHTCAH, npHTHCHyTH H HHa^O My^HHM OROJlHOCTHMa 3a BJOpy 

H ersHcreHiiMJy, BOAenHJH 6h;ih ii Bjepy npoMHJeHHTH, nero 
ce ca naJMH^iHJHM chhom cbojhm pacTaTH, Rora cy CBaRaRO pa- 



250 UPTE H3 BOCHE 

qyHa^H sa uponajiora h na bojcku Hsry^^eHora y ^aJieKO 
seMJbH He^y OciaHjiirjaHa. ILpHMep tomb HMaMO h na A^nam* 
H>HM noTyp^eibaiiHMa y osynHpaHHM 86ii.i>aMa, le ce hhofh 
paAHJe Hce^aBajy hs AOMOBHHe h npo^ajy y ($6ci\jeH>e CBOJa 
HMaH>a, Hero mh ab, hm chh oa6 y ^^aypcse'' coji^aTe, na 

Ma TO ($HJ10 H y H>£XOBOJ AOMOBHHH H ($63 OnaCHOCTH H>HXO- 

BOJ BjepH. 

Aa cy ce Hcryp^ieHa 6palia Ty»HMJeM cp^eM npaniTajiH 

Ca XpHCTOBOM BJepOM, TOMe HHJe HyaKHO HH roBopHTH. Haj- 

Cojbjs. cy TOMB AORasH y Moro6poJHHM HapoAHiHM odnqaJBHa, 
KOJH ce If AO AB'Hac saApsame Hoiyy H>nMa, & soje by y oboh 
qjiaHKy y KpaiKo nope^ain h ynjiecTH, kojihko paAH cnoMeHa 
H Hesa^opaBHOCTH sa ($yAyba BpeieHa, tojihko h 86or Tora, 
niTO Aftnac mhoph HapoA&H odn^aJH noMHH>y onaAaxn d boa 
caMHx npaBoc;iaBHHX Gp6a, oco6hto no BapornHHa^ le hx sa- 
Mjeayjy hobh — MOAepM h xyl^HHCKH. 

Cbh oTieHHJH 6eroBH tfocancKO-xepi^eroBaHKH h a^h Aa- 
Hac HSHe^y ce6e paAUje nnmy CTapoH bHpHJiHitoH h Ma- 
lepftHM jesHKOM Hero xypcBH, Te OBAJe y opHrHHa;iy npfl- 
jiaseM TaRBO jbaho nncMO qyBenora n;ieHHlia MexHeA-6era 
KanexanoBHiia ^ytfymaRa; a xaRBHX uHcaiia 6eroB- 
CRHX BH^ao cai ne6pojeHo, Rao mio je n caitn A;in-nama 

GTO^eBHti UHCaO tiHpHJlHItOll, H TO HeHITO HOBHJOM. IIlTa BHHie 

HajiasBMO tiHpH;iHiiy h Ha caMHM i^hxobhm rpo($OBHMa, Rao 
mTo je OBaj MaxMyTa BpaHROBHiia rojh norHHy j^^ojeBHiia 
AecnoTOBHM'': (cH norHse na bo6B AccnoroBH. a cue eh- 

ACrk MftXyHTA KfANKOBIllia NA CBOH BAWTHN6 NA HCTfOBS 
nOAH. HC BNOCOSeNA p8BA (HejaCHO) BAK06 (ROHa Fa?) 
CN€Ce H RHCA.' 

OBAJe je TaRo^e MJecTO cnoieHHTH, Aa cy h c^eA^eHHitH 
pHHCRe upRBe AO HeAaBHO nncajLH iiHpH.iHiioM, na h hbrh 
AyCpoBqaHH HjiH qaR Ta;iHJaHH, Rojn paAHme o pyAana y 



I^PTE 113 BOCHE 251 

BocHH, Te caM y BoroniTH Ha jeAHOMe KaieHy y Mocxy bhaho 
OBaj HacxnHc: 

ieyic m Mem 'bocth 

(Hcyce h MapHjo, cjefcaJTe ce cbojhx). A y KiLHKapH npaBo- 
uaBHe capajeBCRe onniTHHe HMa Iihph;ihuoii (ne rjiarojiHuoii) 
nrraiinaHa yiaTHHCSH MHca;i naif .IflTyprHJa. 

GyAeliH no o^nqajoMa, rojh ce koa Typana saApsame, 
Mose ce saRJByqaTH, a^i ey OcMaH^iHJe ($hjih Bp;io no^iHTH^Hii 
(Aa ce ApyK^j^ He HspasBMo) — y nocTynRy Typqeaa, hhth 
cy OEM roHHM MaR Ha ROHai^y jep cy AO($po SHajiff^ Aa> je 
HapoAfte ^xaAexe" xeniRO HCRopjeHHTH Ha jeAannyT, na 
y H>HX HHJecy ((am MHoro hh A^pajia. A roa Gp($a cy th 
odH^aJH HeRa oco(jHHa — y RpBH h atBBOTy, niTo ce bhah 
jom y no^eTRy npBua&a XpumLancTBa , OAaR^en noHHRome 
njieneHCRe ^cjiane"* hjih ^Rpcna HMeHa^'y h hito neRe naj- 
ApeBHHJe o6HqaJ6 jom he ao A&nac HHJe HSRopjeHHJia hh 
XpncTOBa Hayna roa npaBOCJiaBHHXy hhth MyxaiteAOB Kypan 
ROA noTypqeHHX Cp(5a, 

Boa&Hti ca saotfjiHuoM h paA^auHia; Gbrjot^o BacRp- 
ceH>e H mapena jaja, Rao h Rpcna HMeHa peRao 6h a^ ^^h- 
jaxy rjiaBHH qnop Ha npejiaay h3 XpHrataHCXBa yTyp- 
CTBO, BocancRH TypiiH, rojh paAO npuqajy o ^Oeiy* h 
^OaiH MexieAy" (ocBOJHTejty) jasHO npHsnajy, a^ hm je oh 
can peRao: „y Mjecio Bo»flla — ysMHie Bajpai ca 
Kyp6aH0M; y MJecio BacRpca — eio Ban Apyror Baj- 
paMa H HiapaJTe CBBJeke y yaiiHJBMa Tpajyker nocxa Fava- 
aana; a mjccto RpcHHx HMena — Rynajxe (JeciHA (neR- 
jies) OA mjbHBa, ja^yRa^ RpymaRa, rpos^a h Apyror Boha, 
na TOM npHJiHROM cacxajxe ce bh luia^apHJa, h Becejinxe ce 
y njecMaMa no BameM xaAexy. Ila Rao mxo npopoRona 



252 U P T E H 3 B C 11 E 

Bjepa AOuymTa uMarn Bnme Htena, to HeKa ce npn cacTasKy 
HE 6ecTHAaMa sarjieAajy ko je 3a ateHiiA^y h yAh^6y; a i)e- 
BOJBe AO „HHliaxa" (yAaA(5e) Mory ce h ne kphtb aKo im 
je BOJta/ 

Obo mh je CBe npn^ao ciapM aoct oija KapaBAafe 
y CapajBBy, c thm jom AOAaxKOM: „Aa koa OcMaHJiiija Heiia 
o^H^aja mapaTH CBHJebe y3 PaMaaaH, h Aa ce ^esoJRe h>ii- 
xoBe KpHJy OAMax nocjie lO-ie roAHHe, a neije h ocMe.^ /l,o 
OKynai^HJe y Bochh h XepueroBHHH lajio ce Koja lypcKa Ije- 
BOJKa ZSLKARBBAB. J DSBaH OA RaBBa CTpaHiia. no GapajaBy 
nas H Aanac oa HHse RJiace one pasHoce HaJBHine cAaTBo 
MJiHJeRO R npoAajy no AoiOBHita 6e3 paBJiHRe, sarpByre ma- 
peHHH 6om^aMa h ;iHita OTRpHBena. 

YsrpeAHO ty OBAJe cnoMeByTH, Aa cy lypcRe ii;ieMHliCKe 
iiopoAHUe y Bochh HMa^e Ha cbojhm RyfcaMa HeBu ocotfiixe 
^6aQe^ ocHM AHMHiasa, aa noAo6je najin TopoH>a u jom 
HeBe 3HaB0Be iiOBpx Byia, mro HHsa B^iaca HHJe cijejia 
HMaiH na Ma m TypitH 6hjih. Tasae Byfce 8Bajie cy ce ^B e- 
roBCBH oi^ai^H'', y BOJHiia cy 6HJia oco6HTa OAJe;ieH>a 3a 
CTpaHue H DyxHHBe, na na 6h^h Boje ly Aparo ajepe h na- 
poAHOCTH; H Ty cy mofjih upenobHTH ca cbojhm BoibHMa no 
CBe BOMOTHO, 6c3 A^ 6h npH noJiacBy n^iaTHJiH h jeAHy napy 
3a BOHaB H je^io. J c;iy^ajy naB Mebaae h 3Jia BpeMena mo- 
rjiH cy Ty h jio BHme Aana ocxaTH, aob (5h nyB^ia npxnna h 
nyx ce oxaopno. XpHmfcanHMa y apHJene nocxa odn^HO cy 
H3hoch;ih sa jejio: noraqe, MeAa h „omaoa* (ByBana cyaa 
BoLa). Obo ce oahoch na ^opBO**, bojh cy HaaaH BaponiH 
y BehHM HJiH MaH>HM ce;)HMa, ^e ne (ujame xaHoaa. 

Obo rocxoAydAe 6jenie jih cxapoc^iOBeHCBo ? h;ih nas 
MH^iocp^e no Eypany? xo ne Mory 3HaxH. J ocra;ioM jom h 
Aanac, a oco6hxo y XepueroBHHH boa npaBOCJiaaHMX Mo^e 
H Heno8HaT nyxHHB npenofeHXH , xe no mxo My M;ia^e BOje 
iieJbaAe (o6htoo ^eaoJKa m;ih MJiaAa CBopo AOBeAena) nsyje 



U I* T E H 3 B O C H E 253 

o(iyiiy B ouepe Hore, HSflHJehe ce npeA rocxa idto o,\ je.ia 
H HHta, fflTo je (5or a^o h syta AOHHje^a, u Be;iHKa 6h cpa- 
Moxa 6Hjia HanjiaTHTH Ma rnxo; HSBaH aKo Aapyje ^eBojicy 
iiJiH Koje AHJ6Te ca roJhm rpomeM. Obo BasH aa npaBO(viaBHe 
Rybe HaJBBme. ILo Xepi^eroBiEHH ceocRe TypRHH»6 Ma;io ce 
t)e RpHJy, n uasHBajy hx „6a^ifiHRe'' , a h>uxob6 MyseBe 
— ,6ajiHJe*, Te h roa H)HX Moate ce no Hert)e npenoliHTH, 
a TRRO H ROA jlaiflHa. 

/l,a.i>e, RaA nosHauuR Gp6HH nom^e CBoiie ROxmHJii Typ- 
MMHy Ha Bo^hIi n^etRy hjih HeRo;iERa pe6pa ne^3He 3ao- 
6 JHi;e, H^M iiaR mapeHBX jaja o BacRpcy, Taj A^p c pa- 
Aomtiy upHHe h 6jiaryjy ca cbom nopoAHiiOM, le 6h bm Bp^io 
sao 6ujio, aRo 6ii ce Roje roAHne to 3a6opaBH40 h;ih na- 
MJepHO HSOCTaBH^o noo/iaTH, MHCAeiiH, Aa ce TiiMe pymn h 
iiopeMehaBa CTapHHCRH o6Hqaj a npHJaxeACTBO. — Moj 
ROHmHJa AyH-BaRapoBHti BparHO mh je ABa nyxa sajaii o 
BajpaMy, nocjiaBran mh ^peniRa Meca oa Kyp6aHa; a 
KaneTaH0Bflli-6er y hctomb cyAy — JiHJeiia xepi;eroBaHRa Ay- 
xana Rao ysAapje! (TypuH maAy jeAaH ApyroMe y saMJeay 
OA Kyp6aHa, a a/ia6HJe ROMaAe AHJe^e TypcRoj chpothh»h), — 

IIpaBoc^aBHH ce^ai^H rojb cy 6;iH%e BapomB, TaRo hcto 
AOHOce CBOJHM araMa o BoatHky — 3ao6jiHiie a o BacRpcy 060- 
jeHHX jaja; na aRo He Mory npBH Aan npasHHRa to yqHHHTH, 
MaRap n TpeiiH a^h, to HBUiTa ne cMeTa, obh paAO npHMe. 
npeMAa bm je ap^s^h a^P Ha npasHHR caMH. 

HMa AOCTa npwMJepa, Aa Typi\H Apae ^AeHMJa** no 
npaBocjiaBHHM ManacTHpHMa y BpHJeMe ({ojiecTM, hjih RaA hm 
C3 BiTO RpynHHJe yRpaAe h saryfin, iiaR Aa (5h Bor ^ode- 
jaHHo* (OTKpHo) Jiyneata. ToAHHe 1865 y Man. ffiHTOMHm- 
jhwiij HHTao caM MOJiHTBe H jeBaH^eJba 6ery iby6oBHfeyH3 
HenecHtta, h OACTajao je (iocoHor Ha KpcTOB-Aan (5 ja- 
Hyapa) CBe ^acose h JiHTyprnjy; ua RaA My no iipaBHJiy up- 
KBe nopyqax h:^ ojiTapa upeA Be^inRH bxoa: Aa He MOHce 



254 UPTE H3 BOCHE 

AOJte 6hth npHcyraH, saKJie Toaochjj BeceJiHuy (^a- 
Hamiber apxHHaHApHTa MH;ienieBeRor) — ne^oii n seHAOH, 
„Hca nenraH^epoM" (XpHCTOM) h (JoatujoM kjIiom, a* ra He 
nsroHHMo, niTO ly HapaBHO h noBOJbHCHO, Te nocibe HasoM 
CBHJex AapoBa iipkbh y noBiiy, BocKy H xaMjaHy, npy»H h 
HeHB 12 n^ieia, Roje nocjie Ayror Koi^a&a npHMflx 3a ch- 
poTBH>y. 

Ilpofflyie 1883 roAHne HeKM Typ^iHH y AepBeHTw 3a- 
XTJeBao je .Macjia* (jejieocBetefte), h TaMOfflH>H npoxa Te- 
jierpaocBH je nnTao AOSBOJiy h ynynxBa oa apxHJepeja, Te 
Kao upRBefla Tajaa HHJe My ce Morjia sao HeRpniTeHOMe 
A08Bo;iBTJ[, Hero caMo neRe noMTBe paAa yTJexe. CapajeB- 
CRH npoTo BaROBHt Bpjio qecTO joHi H Aanac qHTa Typ^HMa 
Ho;iHTBe H itpRBH H HO AOMOBBMa. ABAara Ta;)HJepeBHii sBao 
ra je RyliH BHme nyxa. To ^HHe h mhoth Apyrn no Bochh 
H XepiieroBHHH. Hcto xaRO HAy b y ^ajanqe Ha noR;iOHefte 
qyAOTBopHOJ hrohh BoropoAB^BHOJ, a npHJe h hoa OcTpor 
cb. BacBAHJa, BOAehn „6jecoMyqHe* ^h ce HciyeJie, oco- 
6mto RaA Beh He noMamy HH ;iHJeROBH hh ^sanncH'' oijihh- 
crh hh <>paTapcRH. 

y Capajeny TypcRe nepoTRHfte cannpajy RAyqene itp- 
RBene, h Ty BOAy HHJy c BJepoM Aa to 3aTpyAH>eTH. ^yneHH 
6er TyxpaHHJa RaA ce jeAHOM BpaTHo h3 HapnrpaAa npfl- 
aayffiHO je y capajen. i;pRBH CBHJeliy OAniecTORaTe»HHe 
CBora BocRa, BejiebH: „TaRo caM ycHHo Aa y^HRHH/ . — Ajih 
je OBaj 3Hao c Apyre CTpane yiiHJeHHTH MJiaAoaeRy rojh 6h 
OABeo ^eBoJRy ca H>eroBa qnTJiyRa y 500 rpoma, roBopebn: 
jyMeHH je caA MaH>e jeAan „H3]ieliap'' h paAHOR na seM^n, 
Rora TH ysHMam H oaboahhi na Ty^H qHTJiyR, na Ba^La Aa 
HH nyiaTHm naRnaAy.* 

y XepiieroBHHH jom ersHCTHpa „no(JpaTHMCTBO" h 
^mnniaHo" RyiCTBo. — Hia npHMepa, Aa neRH Typ^H (Rao 
I^hmhIih) jxpsae y cbojhm sHTHHitaMa 3anji>eH>eHe manacTHpcRe 



UPTE H3 BOCHE 255 

KpcTOBe paAH pOAa h ^yOepHfeeia'', xe Heke hh no niTO as. 
HX npoAaAJ. 

PasyMJe ce no cetfn, ^a cy obo xeB nojeAnnn — nsy- 
sexHH CJiy^ajesH a;i' cBasaso nocxoje; a ($h^o hx je npiije 
H jom BRme nero Aanac. 

y KpaJHHH, na H y caioj BaiBOjjiyitH h IIpHJeAopy 
Ma^o Koja xypcKa Kyfea na 6aAH»H Aan y se^e yia nefce Ky- 
HHXH A^jeoiH opaxa^ jbemnHBa h ApyrHX nocjiacxniia. Mo^e 
6hth Aa TO qune, mxo ce boa npaBOCJiaBHnx xaBo paAOceo 
npocjiaBAa BoatHli y anxoBy cycjeACXBy, naB Aa 6h 3a6a- 
BHJiH AJeity OA ^e»H»e ; a Mo«e 6hth a^ to ^Hne h 3a cno- 
MOH cxapora Boaintia. YBJepaBajy TaBo^e, Aa ceocBn Typiin 
Ha 6aAH>H Aan y Be^e najpaAHJe ;iose BaTpy oa pacTOBHX 
ApBa; a sna ce M3BJecH0 Aa nx AOCTa HHa, bojh nebe Aa 
paAe AOTHBH na cb. EpopoBa HjiHJy, EaHTejiHjy h Orfteny 
MapHJy, — BajbAa 3a to, hito ce Tnjex Aana Hajqerafce ao- 
raijajy rpMJtaBe h rpoMOBH, bojh ne phjotbo CM;iaTe CTOBy, 
ocaBaTe paAety „Mo6y* h;ih AOMafey saApyry; 3ana;ie ByLy 
h;ih CTor AeTiiHe. 

IByp^eB Aan (rpaBOCJiaBHH y CBHMa c;iy^ajeBHMa) no- 
nrryjy h cooceh h BapomBH Typun, Te bo Hia, n p b h n y t 
y npoAely jeAe jarBeTHne, Mjia^apnja naB sanpsa AyAa^Be 
H iif[6a ce no nasAan. Ha Hymn-AaH HymBHtiH neH>y ce na 
Beta 6pAa n xy ^acxe ao npeA Mpas. A y o^h cb. JoBana 
AeTH»er (HBatta-AHe) cnjeBy rpane xpency^ioBe ; najie ;i h ;i e, 
npecBaqy npeso Baxapa ; ^oBOJEe jamy na BpaxH.iHMa, Be»y 
xpaBBe, o(5MoxaBajy obo pyay CBHJiene iipBene hjih sjiaxne 
BOHue, ^apajy paAM yAaA<5e; panoyjyxpy Baxajy ,naxy** 
HcnoA MjiHMa; Bynajy ce npnje cynita paAH myre h SApaBAa hxa. 
Fhmcbo CBemxencxBo , otSsnpoM BaAAa na HCTpe6AeH>e 
cyjeBJepHJa n^n eBonoMnqHHX CBpxa (Bao mxo cy Bpcna HMena), 
MHoro je BHffle paAHJio na yBHnyiy napoAHMX otfn^aja nero 
H naJMHaxHTOHjfl Typiin y Bochh h XepiteroBHHH ; xe caMo 



256 UPTEH3B0CHE 

join HeKH ;iajy „3anHce" kojihko paAH KopBCTOAy(}.i.a, BHme 
Aa (}h mx OABpaTHJiH a^ He hay o a a m a. y ociajioM, Ma Aa 
npaBocjiaBHH MHoro noipome h AaHry(5e o ^MaBaMa**, c^eA- 
(ieHHUH pHMCRe i^pRBe, Rojii cy ocxaBHJiH „RpcHa HMeea^ HHniTa 
HHJecy 6oraTflJH oa upaBOMaBHMX, Hero na npoTHB. („He 
jeAy HaBope", Be^e am npaBoaaBHH!) 

4,a Me^y MCTypqeHBM CpfiHMa jom HHJe vrHHyo cuombh 
Ha uponi;iocT A^BHy CBJeAoqe Han ropH>H npHMJepH. A 
Aa je HeKaA h jom ja'ie ocjeba&e 6hjio, naBeioky OBa Asa 
npHMJepa: CHHaH-nama CHJep^Ht, kojh je norMyo noA 
DlanueM 1806, npHSHAao je y TopaatAy npHnpaiy ys Xep- 
ueroBy iipKBy, Ha rpo6y CBora npa^eAa PaAOcasa, A dpax 
H^fl 6paTHli neiiCEora naxpHJapxa (hhcjihm MaRapHJe ham 
CaBa) Rao iioiypqeHH nesHp HSMaJiaH je ycnopeAO ca naipH- 
japxoH BHme Bpaxa lanacTHpa IlHBe, xe o6aABa npHApa^a- 
Bajy upRBy h noAHoce je XpHCxy h BoropoAHitH (xaRo can 
Myo). y „rjiacHHRy Cpu. Yq. /l^pynixBa" 42 Ha cxpanH 26 
cxoJH ^HJbemRa: »Aah ma AorANiSH caiua rnca ^^NTeiiTA 
CBoero.'' 

Ho He r^eAajyliH na cbo upHBeAene upHMJepe, Rao hh 
Ha xo, Hixo cy (JocancRO-xepueroBaqRH TypuH AymeBHo Mp- 
311 JiH OcMaHAHje H y nenoBJepefty c H>HMa atHBCJiH, o ueMy 
MM je npHMao CyAyxan-eo^eHAHJa CoKOJioBHt, xe ce lecxo OAy- 
uHpa^H H>HMa H cyjixaHCRHH HapeA^aMa, nnaR cy xemHAH, a^ 
ce B ocxajia H>HxoBa fipata Hcxypqe. To cy ihhh-ih roahro 
H3 o^aHaxHqne peBHOCXH no nponoBJeAHMa saHemeHHX ^me- 
xoBa*" H3 D^apHxpaAa, MeRe h MeAHHe, rojh cy le^y H>HMa 
RpcxapHAH, xojiHRO H 3^01 xoxa, A* 6jAy i^LHE, ca&ajytiH 
MO»Aa H nojiflXH^HOM OAUJenAOfty oa I^apHrpaAa, Rao mxo 
cy 3aHcxa ao Onep-uame h npaRXHROBaAH HeRH poA caio- 
yiipaBe, HMajytn cBoje name, Ranexane, h MyceAHie, ne 3a- 
peayjyLM mhoxo xpanHH^Ror nesnpa, rojh je qecxo arpao 
KaRo cy My ohh cBHpajiH. 



UPTEH8B0CHE 257 

IIpu BasJbyMKy oBora q^iaHKa, y KOMe cy Biime hbkh 
na^HpuH Hero niTO i^HJejio h Hay^no, Mory petH, ah cy 
lypqefty 6eah r;iaBHH yspoi^H : MaiepHjajiHa ersHCTenAHJa, 
no6HpaH»e A^ceTKa AJeiie, na leK oHAa nacHAe. 

AanamifcH Yjior (y 4»oqaHCKOM Boiapy) (jHJame y XVII 
Bnjesy Majia BaponiHi^a ca cjeAHnrreM RaAHJe, ^e h caA no- 
CTOJH JGAHa ^aMHja. Hena Tone BaAAa hh nyHHjex CToneAe- 
cex roAHHa, RaBO xaAamibH KaAHJa h ooHancBH Typi^H yno- 
Tpe^Hffle CBe Ha^HHe Aa CKAOHe Ha xypqefte okoahh HapoA, 
0Ay3HiiJi»ytiH HH HajopHJe BeiiJbe. Ohh, kojh ce odebame a^^ 
te ce noxypqHTH, nyne xpn roAHHe Aana Maxame h oxe- 
same, xe 6h no neBOJbH y sHity A0Jia3H;iH y yaiurjy h ($ajarH 
KJiaH>a^H; a y iipoji>etiey ^hm 6h 6ai(HAH cjeiieHa y seiiAy^ 
rpjiHme opyaije n HaJBHme (JaBHme ce no njiannHRMa; hhxh 
Hx TypiiH cMJeAome oco6hxom npecHJoM nyAHXH na o(5pe- 
safte, HHXH ysHenHpHXH H>HXOBy qe^aA KOA Kyiia, soja pa- 
ABme JBexHHH. 

Snaxny sy&y OsyKa ne xorome HHsaRO cejiohhxh na 
npeBjepy. Hajnowe Typi^n nonycxe h ocxaBe na inpy Xpn. 
cxHJane; ajiH Kyliy OEyKHHy caio noA xHJeM ynjexoM: Aa 
najcxapHJH AOiatiHH hs xe Rybe Mopa cnaRora nexRa aoKh 
npeA uaMHJy h xy* na jeAHOie RaieHy 6apeM cjeAHXH aor 
Typi;H Bjia&ajy ^ayiy*" (onmxy MOJiHXBy), ysAajytn ce BajtAa 
Aa be ce h oh nocxeneHO npnyiaroAHxn h cr;iohhxh ; na RaA 
cxapjeniHHa npncxane, OHAa je JiaRme ca MJia^HMa. TpyA hm 
je (}ho ysaJiyAan; a h Aanac noRasyjy Typitn h Cp({H „ORy- 
RiiH RaMeH* Ha romc je cjcaho npeA yaMHJOM. 

Oa xe uopoAHite HMa h caAa cnaana h 6oraxa Ryta, 
Ha lejiy JoBHiie ORyRe, y ce^ij HopHJaMa. 

y PacHH^H noA HxMaH n;iaHHHOM, ao caMora Bpe;ia Bo- 
CHe, Rao H y ^eAHtniia BHrae Tpnona, (JHJaxy nenaA ^yneHH 
OcxoJHiiH, ROJH ce Aocxa pano Bcxyp^nme, h oa rojhx noc^be 
ABOBJi^a namaMa nocxaAome, HMajiH cy rojieie CBOje BeMJte. 

r^ACHUK LXIX. 17 



258 UPTE H8 BOGHE 

/[.anainftH „i}eMaT6aDia'' y FacHHi^H Ajinja Aokbo npH^ao 
HH je cj^eAoLa^ no mxo ra HajnpHje sanHTax : je jih H»HX0Ba 
seMiba Ha Kojaj cjeAH? »MoJH cy CTapH**, pe^e mh, neKaA 
6H;in ^HeponcH'' OcTojeLa; na a^* <$h ao6hj1h sa ce66 sesube 
Ha RoJBMa cy shbbjih, no seiiaHy HcxypqHme ce h ohh sac h 
HiHXOBH roenoAapH. H laso Moja aeiiAa MeHH je oa eiapK- 
jex ocTa^a, — h mytyp Bory ;iiijeno aHBoiapHM, le Apy- 
roMe HHJecaM MyOTa^.*' 

Ony pHJeq ^neponcH* npsH cai nyx ao A^nac qyo y 
BocHH, H TO OA ce^aEa Typwna. — 

OBAJe CBR HapoAftH o($HqaJH roa noxyp^eHEx Gp6a y 
BocHH sa caAa HHJecy no6pojaHK, Hero xes HesH Kao npn- 
Mjepi. 



JA. C. KOCAHOBH'B. 



H 3 B E m T A J 

ynPABH cpncieorA yHEHor ;^pyI^TBA 

nEniTAHCiCOJ H3JI05KBH 
7 1886 roABHH« 



Ha npeAJior ynpase cpncsora yqenor ApymTsa Bicosa 
cpncBa BJiaAa cbojem pemeEbOM oa 18 jj;ia 1885 roA. H3a- 
(Spajia je h na Asa Meceita noc^iajia noxnEcaHe sao CBOje Hsa- 
cjiauKe, A& Ha nemxaHCKOJ h3jios6h npoyqe, oiiene h onHmy 
cpncKe iipsBeHe crapHne hb •pymRoropcKHx ManacTHpa, soje 
cj tfHjie TaMO y pexKoj nperjieAHOj noTnyHociH HSJiosoHe. IIo 
nrro cho o cnoMeHHTOM BAaAHHOM pemefty 16 aBrycra np. 
roA. AOSHajiH, mh cmo ce 31 aBrycTa aa IleinTy BpeHy;ii!. 

B^aroAapeliH peBHoceoM saysHiiafty cpncsor soncyjia r. 
CTeJHLa, MH CMH nocjie SBaHH^EHX npeAcraBasa Ha neKOJiHBo 
Aana bbL mofjih OTno^exn CBOJ paA, sa bojh nan je no mo- 
rykcTBy ^^HEbena cBasa ojiasmHiia. Oco6hto ce aaxBajiHH oce- 
iaMO r. A-py BejiH I],o6opy, ynHBepcHxeTCBOM npo^ecopy h 
BycTOcy iipsBeHHX cxapHHa na nennaHCSoj HSJiostfn. IIpH 
CBeii TOM Hnas je ocra^io nesHX hboakjiohhbhx JioBaiiHHx 
neyroAHOCTH, Boje cy naM ocexHo ycnopanajie c Jbj6MJbj ox- 
no^exH paA. HaJBHme je CMexao MajiH HesroAaH ^osaji, y 
BOMe CMO Hac ABOJRi^a ca npoo. II,o6opoM no|iteo a&h bo* 
paJiH paAHXH. AoBaji ce HHJe Morao jioshxh a npi xoi je 
6eo jom h npo^as sa rop&H cnpax. Ha*^ mxexy 8APBBJi»a 
CBora MH CMO OBAe ao noqexsa SHMe cboj nocao paAHiiH. 

17» 



260 H8BEII1TAJ CPn. VM. APVniTBA 

U^e^a H3;io:R6a cbojhm yRjCHHM pacnopeAOH h ocTSJioir 
caBpeHeHOM onpeioM ao6tilm je BHme sapaKTep mzpe CBex- 
cKe ii3JiojR6e, ho aenajbCRe oa yser jiosajiHor seaqaja. Aa 
;iH je osaKBOM cnojbHOM penpeaeHxai^HJOM noBehaHa h Bpe^- 
HOCT Ma^apcKe HHAycipHje, Koja je y Jienoj nornyHOCTH aa- 
CTynjLena 6H;ia, to je BejiHKO nmafte. CBaKojaKo je to^iheo 
HSBecHO, AB- je nemxaHCRa ii3Jio»6a onaRBa, RaRBa je tfijia, 
HHoro 3Hajia^Ro oro h npeRO aycxpoyrapcRHX rpaHHi^a na 
ce(5e npHByRjia. 

Ha uemxaHCRoj H3JiostfH jaRo je y o^h na^a oea i^e- 
.lORynna s^HpRa itpRBeHHX cxapHHa, Rojy je r. HsRO^a IIjiaB- 
niHii, npHcxaB xproBa^Re RoNope y OceRy, uo opymRoropcRHM 
MaHacxHpHMa iipsRynno h b3;iosho. yMexHH^Ra h KCxopHJCRa 
BpeAHocx OBEX i^pRBeHBx cxBapH OA HojeAHaRe je Be^iHRe 
BasHocxH sa cpncRH napoA, jep OBa 36HpRa AORasyje, a^ 
cy ce yuexHHWH saHaxH roxoBO y CBBMa cpncRHM seMji^aiia 
raJHJiH. Ty cy (5h^h npeA«'xaBHHmi xe yMexEHwe paAH»e JiHi^a 
H3 pasHHX cxajiea^a. IIojeAHHH npHMepn A0Ra3yjy, aa cy 
BSBecHe yiexHHqRo-saHaxcRe rpane neroaajie BeoMa oxieHe 
jinqnocxH. TaRO na np. aes cbhjiom h nosjiatieHOii truhok 
rajen je n y caMiM nopoAHiiaMa cpncRBX B^aAajiaiia. 

IIopeR^o M^iorax cxBapn OBe s^HpRe, Roje HHcy y cpn- 
CRHH 3eMji»aMa Hspal^ene, jacHO noRaByjo, Aa cy cpncRe seM^e 
cxajajie y shbom CHoniajy ca HajotfpasoBaHHJHM AP^&BaMa 
cpeAH>er BeRa. Hapo'^nxo Be3e ca BHsaHXHJoM h HxajiBJoM 
Mory ce A0Ra3axH nojeAHHHM npHMepHMa oa XIV — XVIII 
CTOJieiia. II,e;ia 3($HpRa iipRBenHX cxapHHa hs ^pymRoropcRHx 
ManacxHpa, bojh ce Mory CMaxpaxE Rao pHSHHiia roxoBo CBHJy 
cpncRHX ManacxHpa c oBe cxpane CaBe, — Mopajia je cbojhm 
pasHOJiHRHM caApaajeM npo6yAHXH HHxepece yiexHHKa, cxa- 
pHHapa, HcxopHRa h waoaots., Mhofh oa h»hx ($h^h cy ynpan 
HsneHa^eHH 6oraxcxBoii rpaAHBa oae 8($HpRe, rojhh ke ce no- 



o nEmTAucKOJ ua^OHCBu 261 

oyHHTH oceiHe npasRiiHe y HCxopHjn om6o nosHaie Bii3aH- 
TMJcKe yiexHocTH y onmxe, a cpncKe noce6flo. 

OcHM pHSHHite ca6opH6 iipsBe y Eap;ioBiiHMa, jom cy 
ABanecT •pyniRoropcRHX HaHacTHpa mzAoasnnM AP^roi^eHOCiH 
CBOJHX pHSHHiia. Bhjio JO HOA 206 6pojeBa cBera 255 ro- 
MaAa HSJios^eno. 

Oa obhx 265 ROMaAa 6eao je 146 ROBanHX, 82 Be- 
3eHHX H 27 ApyrHx cxBapH. Bh^o je oa cxBapn: jeBanl^ejba, 
eHRO^nHJa, MHxapa, sapyRBHiia, endxpaxHJia, a^e^ioHa, omo- 
«opa, caROca, Ha6eApeHHRa, nojaca, njiamxaHHqa, nyxnpa, 
pyqHHx H npecxo^HHX Rpcxosa, sea^osa, xaMJaHHi^a, A^po- 

^paHHJlHHIta, (RHBOXa), AHRHpHJOHa H XpHRHpHJOHa, H X. A- 

IIopeA OBiix i^pRBOHEX yxBapH 6iiiAo je jom h hhpcrhx 
cxBapu OA MaHie hjih Beke yiiexHH^Re BpeAHocxi. HeRe oa 
ftHX HMajie cy caMO ncxopHJcRH snaqaj. 

Mh cho y rjiasHHM noxe3Hiia CRHiiHpajiH h npeia y»^oj 
HJiH mnpoj BasHOCXH uojoahhex npeAMOxa onmnpHO onHcajiH 
71 ROMaA. Heo($HqHa jecena xjiaAHoha, Roja je saroBecxH^a 
CRopy jaRy SHiy, pasyMe ce a^ y OHaRO HeyAecHOM ^ORajiy 
MopaAe cnpe^asaTH seJbOHO HanpeAOBa&e Hamer paAa. 

Oa Ao6HB6Hor Maxepijajia HSHeLe noxnEcaHH mxo mxa 
y noApotfHHJei onncy y ^Cxapanapy." Ty Bet H3Jia3H no- 
Apo6HHJH nper^ieAHH onHc opymRoropcRe 36HpRe oa jeAHor 
4>A noxnHcaHHX q;iaHOBa APJinxBeHHX. 



11 Mapxa 1886. 
y BeorpaAy. 



4- C- Mn^/iyTHHOBH'R, 
M.. ^AvlTPOBHTv. 



nPM/ior BPOMAHM/iy. 



OA 



C. M. j/loSAHWRA. 



y MOM caonmTefty : o A^ijcTBy asoTHe khc6;ihh6 Ha otfa- 
tan TpH($poMaHH^HH (tohh c6 Ha 119^), nosasao cam, Aa 
npH Toj peaKiiHJH, nopeA Apyrex npoAysaTa, nocraje h 6po- 
laHH^ia y sHaxHoj so^h^bhh (oro 10y^)C). Osa peaKiiHJa 
BBsna je aa o($pa80BaH»e 6po]faHH^a c Tora, hito ce no hctoj 
Ha ^as HaqHH AO^HJa 6poHaHHJi caBpmeno ^^hct. Bajta RyaaTH 

TpH6pO]faHH4HH y ROHIt. aSOTHOJ RHCOJIHHH AOR H6 HpeAeCTH- 

jiHmy HeRH npoAyRXH BeroBor pacnaAaaa (ah^pomahhhtpo- 
Meian h leTpn^poMtfeHSOJi) , a ocxaTaR peaRifHOHe lace y 
a^ROXO^y HCRyBaTH, Aa ce pacTBopH neRa iipaeHa RaxpaftHBa 
Maca, na he ociaTH 6poMaHHJi y ;ienHii syTHH RpHCTaJiHHM 
4HCTHLHMa. npH4HR0ii noM6HyTor paAa ao6ho caM ysrpeAHa 
qHCTor 6po]iaHHjia hbrojihro CTOXHHa rpaMa, h xaj MaxepHJaA 
yuoTpe($Ho caM 3a npoy^aBa&e 6poMaHHjia. Hena 6jfl,e aosbo- 
j^eno HaBecTH horo^hro hojhx onaacaEba, jep Le Hcxa, y h6- 
RO^HROy nonyHHTH name caAamfi>e no3HaBaH»e ((poHaHHJia. 

BpoiaHH^i (C^Br^O,) paciBapa ce y BpejiOM (Jenaojiy 
^aRO, y qHCToj CHpteiHoj rhcojibhh hphjihtoo, a y ajiRoxojiy 
cRopo hh Ma^o. no AOcaAa&HM HaBOAHia pacxBapa ce 6po- 



(') rjacHHK cpn. yMeHor ApymxBa 5i, 151. Berichte der deutech. 
chein. OeselUchaft XV, 471. 



iiPMJor BPOMAHH.iy 263 

HaHHJi sHaxHO y spejioM ajiRoxojiy (^) ; th norpeniHa HaBOAH 
AOJiase Ha CBasu Ha^HH oxyAa, ioto cy ^HH»eHa onasai^a Ha 
HeqHCTOM 6poiiaHH^y. C/Tynaft qiiCTotie Mora ((poManHJia Mose 
ce iieHHTH H3 OBEX aHajiHsa EberoBHx: 

Ba^eHo : HSpa^jRaTo : 

BpoMa 75-30, 75-45. 75-47% 

BpoMaHH^ KpHcrajiHme hs qicre CHphexHe KHcejiHHe y 

SyTHH CJaJHHM pO]l6HCKHM ^LHCTHbHUa, 6oje S^aia; H3 6eH- 

30^a naR spHcra^iHine y Ae6eARm n^ioqaHa yracHxo-syTe 6oJ6. 
IIoTnyHO pasBHJene KpHCT&Ae ((poMaHHjia ao6ho can OBaBo: 
y Bpe^oM ($eH304y pacTBopHo can torero ((poHaHHJia Aft oa 
HCTorai RaA ce pacxBop o^aAH, neniTo iia;io HCRpHCTajiHoie. 
OnaRaB pacTBop ociaBBO can y noRjionji»6Hoj qaniH h nocJie 
HeRO^HRO AftHa cxajaxy Ha AHy cyAa noBeiiH npoBflAHH Rpn- 
CTajiH ((poiiaHH^a. Moj hirojicrh Apyr r. A-p A. A p 3 p y h h, 
npo#e€op Ha iiHHepa;ioniROH HHCTHTyxy y Axeny, 6ho je xaRO 
Aotfap, xe je, na lojy M04(Jy, npoyiHO xe RpHcxajie h caon- 

mXHO HH je DHCXOM OBO: 

^BpoiaHHA RpHcxa^Hme no m o h o c h m e x p h j cr o j ch- 
cxeiH. HieroBH cy RpHCxajiH nepanijacxe (Joje (oAroBapa npH- 
.iH«o cxynay 4, k Pagge-oBe CRajie 6oja y OA(JHBeHOJ 
CBex;iocxH, a 6, n ao 7, n y nponymxenoj CBex^ocxa), jaRO 
cy cjaJHH H no xatfaxycy jecy A^J^Je^ionjio^acxH. H>hxobh cy 
o6JH^H (001), (110) H (TOl) H CBH HMajy Aocxa paBne 
n.i»ocHH. Gbh cy RpHcxajiH 6e3 HsysexRa 6jitf3aHitH no (001) 
H xo no HenaA cy cjiosenH; no y cj^oa xora HHJe onaseno 
BnaxHO peMeiiOfte y o6pa30BaEby Rpucxajia h y npeAHOcxnifa 
yooBa, Rao mxo ce bhah hs oBe xa6jiHiie: 



(') Annalen dcr Chemie: 91, 307; li3, 255; 205, 53. 



264 iiPH^or BPOMAHii^y 







Mepeiio 


HspaqyHaTO 


no 


. no 


* 73* 29' 


— 


no 


. 001 


* 80 46 


— 


no . 


no 


18 24 


' 18^ 28' 


001 


. 101 


* 17 56'/. 


— 


Toi 


. 101 


24 8V. 


24 7 



Ha jMOBHHX BpeAHOCTH, o6e4e»eHe ca * KapaqyaaT 
je OAHOc ocoBHHa: 

a: b: c= 1-3905 : 1 : 2-9335 

M HarH(J ocoBHHe /S= 47^ 26'/,'. 

D^enAHBOCT je caBpmeHa h napa^ejina je (001). 

PaBHH onTH^Re ocoBHHe noAjpa ce ca pasHi cHMeTpHJe. 
Kpo3 (001) BHAJbMB je jeAan npaiefl*' 

BpoMaHHji ce He pacTBapa hh y KOHiieHTpHcaHoj cyi- 
nopHoj KHce^HHH; a.iH KaA ra KyBaMO y hctoj, pacTBapa ce 
^arano, ocJio6ol>aBajyiiH 6poM h npexBapajyiiH ce y npAaso- 
iipBeH cjajaH Kpncxa^acT npax. Osaj npax pacTBapa ce y 
BOAH ca ^enoii ^y^H^acxoii 6ojoM h cBe B>eroBe oco6HHe 
TBpAe, Aa je nosnaxa 6poMaHH^Ha KHceAHfla C,Br,0, 
(OH),. HcnHTao can Ase cojih TeKice^iHHe: Cpetfpna co 
C^Br,0,(OAg), oABaja ce Kao MpKO-ApBeH aMop^an xa^or, 
KHA AOAaio HHxpaxa cpetfpa BOAenoM pacxBopy noieHyxe tfpo- 
MaHHJiHe MceJHHe. Y OBOJ cojih na^eHO je cpe(5pa 42-19Vo» 
a ropfta MpMyjia aaxxesa 42-188Vo' BapHjyMOBa co 
C^Br^O^Ba AoOHJa ce Kao MpK Kpncxa^acx npax, KaA KyBaMO 
(JpoiaHH^ y BOAeBCM pacxBopy 6apHJyM-XHApaxa. Onaj xa;ior 
pacxBapa ce y Bpejioj boah, Roja je lajio saKHme^ena x.9o- 
poBOAOHH^HOH KHcejiHHOH, H H3 xoF pacxBopa, KaA ce OX^aAH, 
OABaja ce y ipKHM cjaJHHM npHSMaiia, Koje cy no Ase y na- 
Kpcx Koco cpacjie (X). ^ oboj cojih na^eHO je tfapHJyxa 
31'15Vo> a roptta oopMyjia aaxxena 31-64Vo« 



iipujior BPOMAUHjiy 265 

AflHJiHA 6poMaHHJiHe KHceJiHHe C,Br,0, 
(NH.C^H,),. OABaja ce y cjaJHoii pom6hcrhm ;iHCTHtHMa, kha 
Bpe^iOM pacTBopy 6poMaHHJia, y 6eH30jiy hjih y ^hctoj cup- 

ti6TH0J RHCeJlHH, AOA^MO aHfl^HHa. ObH Cy KpHCTa^lH ji»y($HqacTO- 

njiaBH y peMesTosaHoj cbbt^octh, a jRyTH y nponymreHoj 
CBexAocTH. Obo jeAHfteae ao(Jho je npBH Stenhouse h ob 
naBOAH, A^ RpHCTaJiHiiie y iipHHi Ta6;iaMa(^). 

TojiyHAH ($poMaHH;iH6 SHce.iHHe, opTOHnapa 
C^BijOjCNH.C^H^.CH,),. — Opio h napa-io^iyHAHH jeAnne 
ce ca 6poHaHB;iOM Rao h ann^HH, RaA hx y 6eH30Jiy hjih 

qHCTOJ CHp&eTHOJ KHCe^HHH RyBaMO, FpaAOiiH OBaRBa ABa TO- 

jiHyAa. OpiOTO^yHA OABaja ce npH Toie y npAaso-ayTHM, 
a napaTOJiyHA y BHnm>eBHM pom6hcrhm ^HCTstiHHa; obh no- 
cjieAftH »yTH cy y nponyiHTeHOJ CBexjiocTH. 06a oBa To;iyHAa 
pacTBapajy ce y 6eH304y h qicroj cHpteiHoj RHce^HHH ca 
syroM 6ojoM, h to npBH ce pacTsapa BHme ca Apyrora; y 
a^Roxo-^y pacTBapajy ce Majio. Ha^eno je asoxa y xo^iyn- 
AHia 5 '92 H 5*89 V,, a ropita ^opny^a saxxeBa 5'88Vo- 
Kchjiha 6poMaHHJiHe RHcejiHHe C^Br^O, 
[NH.C^HjCCH,)^],. BeH30Ji0B pacxBop 6poiiaHHjia Aotfaja 
ipRy 6ojy, RaA My aoaamo RCHjiHAHHa (o6H^aH). HcnapeH 
OBaj pacxBop ao cysa, ocxaBJba neRy MpRy Macy, Roja ce 
pacxBapa y Bpe^oj CHptexHoj RHce^iHHH h h3 xor pacxBopa 
RpHcxa^ieme oBaj rchjiha y chxhhm s^yxHM jiHcxniiHMa. Ha- 
teno je y iteiy a30xa 5'3V^„ a ropaa ^opmyjia 3axxeBa 

Hs xeM. ^a6axopHJe bcji. niROJie. 



{^) Annalen der Chemie. Supl. 8. 22 Beilstein, org. Chemie 1711. 



APyrH nPH/IOr A/irEBAPCKMM b/iauhma 
BHlUEr CTEHEHA. 



Jom npH pfiAj Ha pacnpaBH: ^IIpHjior ajiretfap- 
CBHM BJiaiiHMa BHiner CTeneHa'',(^) mhc^iho caM ea 
cjiH^HO HcnHTHBafte H ca ApyrHH Bpciaiia ROTpjLa^a (Bol- 
lenlinien). A^nac c^o6oAaH can, obo ncnnTHBafte, soje Me 
je AOBOJio AO oco(5HTe Bpcie a;ire6apcEHX BJiaKOBa, npeAara 
jaBHOCTH, Kao: /l,pyrH npHJior a^retfapcsHM BJia- 
i^HMa BHiner CTenena. 

Obo B^ase onncyje jeAHa la^^Ka Kpyra — ocHOBan 
Kpyr — , KoJH ce noKpete no AaToj upaBoj xaKO, a* oBy 
HenpecxaHO AOAHpyje h aa yBeK nocioJH HSBecTHa saBHCHOCT 
HSMe^y yrjia, kojh saK^ianajy ABa no^ynpewBKa spyra — 
jeAan e laqEH B^aEa a ApyrH k AOAHpy — h yrjia, kojh 
sas^ana paAHJyc BOExop xa^Ee B^asa ca AOAaxoM npaBOM. 

no oBOMe je soA obhx BjiasoBa, era osHaqHio yro o6a 
noiieHyxa nojiynpe^HHBa ca y, a yro paAHJyca BCExopa ca 
9?, y CBaKOM MOMeHxy Epexaaa y) = f{q>). 

Onmxe jeAHa^HHe. /l,a($H Aomjiu ao jeAHa^HHa 
OBHX BJiasoBa, MH iiBMO ysexH : y npaBoyMOM EoopAHHaxHOM 
CHCxeMy noMexaK RpexaH>a ochobhof spyra no a^toj npanoj 
sa no^exaK KOopAHnaTa — no^apnoM sa no;i; AftTy 
npany 3a anitHCHy ocoBHHy X^X, a OABecHy Ha aoj y 0, 
3a opAHHaxny ocoBHHy T^Y — y no^apnoM A^Ty npany 3a 



(*) raacHHK. KiLura cxp. 



APym nPH.ior xarEBAPCKUM b.iauhma BuniEr cteheha 267 

nojiapHj ocHOBy OX. H aRo osHaqHio y npaBoyrjiOM sop- 
AHHaTHOM CHCTexy ca> X m y soopAHHaxe Ta^KO M, soja je 
AO($HBeHa noKpexafteM ochobhof Kpyra no a&toj npasoj npn 
Ma KaKBoj saBHcxHocxH V^ — f(9E7) — y nojiapHOM ca (> h 9); 
no^ynpewHK ocHOBHor Epyra ca r^ a npojeEUHJe xa^Ee M 
Ha ani^HCHy ocoBHHy h nojiynpe^HHE GN, ca N h M (G^iHRa 1.), 
HajiasHMo 




C.iiiKa 1. 



x = ON = ON,-NN,| 

y = MN = CN,-CM,j ^ ' 

A.1H saEo je < MOX = 99, h < MCN, = y>, to je 

CM, =rCosv>/ 

a saMeHOH obhx BpeAHOCTH y (1) 

x = ON.-rSinv^| 

y= r(l— Gosipj ^ ' 



268 ApyrH nPH4or a.^pebapckhm b^auhma BHiuEr CTEnEHA 

KaA (Jh u on, 6h4o onpeAeAeno BpeAHOCTHMa r, y 
M tp, TRAa 6h jeAHa^MHe (3), nopeA nosHaTe saBHCTHocxH 
y = f(9>), npeACTaBJba.ie ipaateHe jeAHaTOne B^iaKOBa y npa- 

BOJTAOn KOOpAHHaTHOM CHCTeMJ. 

Ako paAH Tora cacTasHno M ca N,, HabH beio is npa- 
Boywor Tpoyrjia MNN, 

mn! = y* + nnJ, 

a aaMeityjytH BpeAHOciH h3 (2) h (3) BatH teMo 
MN, = ±2rSin|' (4) 

Ako, Aa^e, oana^HMO < MN,0 = v, u MN, = t Ba;ia- 
3HM0 H3 HCTor npaBoyMOF xpoyrjia 

* Cosv 



M 3aMeH»yjyliH 


BpeAHOCTH 


"3 (2) 








t = 


rSiny 
Cost; 


m • 


(5) 


CpaBftHBattOM 


liaK BpeAHOCTH 113 (4) u 


(5) 


uaMSHXo 




rSiny 
Cosv 


= ±2rSin|, 


H4H 





T. J. noanaTO iipaBHJio n3 ujianHMeipHje: a^ j^ 
otfoMHH yro iio;ioBHHa ueHipuqHor yr;ia aa hc- 
TOM ^yKy. 



APyrn nPM.ior AarESAPCKiiM b.iauuma BMiiiEr CTEnEHA 269 

A H3 Tpoyr;ia MON^ HaiasHMo no cHHycHOM upaBHJiy 
ON, : t = Sin<«OMN, : Siny. h 
saiieftyjyiiH noaHaie speAHocTH sa t h <0MN, 



2rSm^Sm(p+|) 



Ha nocjieiKy, saMeftyjykH npeAHOcT (6) y (3) Ha;iaHMO 
X = r Cotg 9P (1 — Cos tp) ] 



y = r(l — C0S99) 



'} (7) 



T. j. omnxe jeAHaiHEe BJiaKOBa y npasoyrjiOE 

ROOpAHHaXHOM GHCTeiy. 

BpaApHpaH>eH m cyMHpaH>eH jeAHaqHHa (7) najiasHMo 
^«l ^t_ r'd-Cosy;)' 

H.iH, KaKO je x*4- y* = (>*, 

?=±-<w-"^^ <«) 

T. j. onniTy jeAna^HHy BJiaROBa y iio^apHOM ko- 

OpAHHaTHOM CHCTeHy. 

JeAHaqrae (7) h (8) He paciaBJLajy caMo je^aH BJiaK, 
Hero 6e36poJHo MHoro BJiaKOBa, uo mio cBaitoj no3HaToj sa- 
BHCHOCTH tp = f{y) oAroBapa no joabh BJiaR, na c xora cy 
one onnixe jeAHaqnne CBHjy BJiaKOBa. 

CBe OBe BJiaKOBe Moaeno uoAe^iHXH y Ase rjiasne ipyne: 
xpaHCueHAeHxne h ajire6apcKe. 



270 4PyrH nPH^or AarEBAPCKHM BwIauuma BuniEr cteheha 

I. 

npocTaiiHK^iOHAa. Oa BJiaKOBa npse rpyne no- 
CMaTpakeMo caMO jeAan, roa Kora je aaBHCHOCT %p = f(y)) 
Hspasena TpanciieHAeHTHOii jeAHa^HHOM 

c„tgy = :!t|!iVl» VirSiEiE (9) 

SaieftyjytH speAHOCT h3 (9^ y (7) na^iasHMO 

x = r(y — Siny) 
y =:r(l — Cos If;) 

T, j. CHCTOM joAHa^MHa npocTO nUKAOEAe y npa- 

BOyr^OM KOOpAHHaTHOM CHCxeMy. 

A no^OM H3 joABa^HHe (9) cAeAyje 

2rSm|sb(,,+ ^) 
'»■ = Sta^ 

H H8 CpaBHHBaHia OBe BpOAHOCTH Ca OHOV H3 (6) 

OHAajejacHO, a& npocxa iiHK^ioHAa nocraje cano ycJieA 
KOTpji»aiLa ocHOBBor Epyra no a^toj npsoj, AOfuie koa ocxa- 
B^aKOBa joAHa^HHa (7) Mopa nopeA Roip^a&a a^ boctoje 
jom H KJiHS6H>6 ocHOBflOF Rpyra, niTO ce naj^oAO bhah koa 
BjiaKOBa Apyre rpyne. JoAHa^HHe (7) npeACiaBAajy 
AaRjie B^iaKOBe, rojh nocxajy y HajonniTHjeii 
c^y^ajy nospeTaften joAHor Kpyra no a^toj 
npaBoj. 



APyrH nPH4or avifebapckhm bakjxuma BHurcr CTEnEHA 271 

II. 

OnmTe jeAHa^HHe ajiretfapcsHX B^asoBa. 
SaA je sasHCHOCT ipssf(q)) Hspasena jeAHa^HHOM 

tp = ny (10) 

r^e je n iieo 6poj, AO^aasMO ao BJiaRosa Apyre rpyne. 
TaAa saiieftyjyiiH speAHOCT h3 (10) y (7) Ha^aaifMO 

x = rCotg5p(l — Cosnjp)) /jjx 

y =r(l— Cosny) } 

T. j. onmie jeAHa^^Hne B^iaKOBa y npasoyr^OH 

ROOpAHHaTHOM CHCT6Hy. 

A aaieftyjyliH BpeAHOCT ua (10) y (8) 

p^,fc r(l— Cosny) (12) 

^ Sin 9) 

T. j. onniTy jeAHaqHHy B^asoBa y nojiapnoM so- 
opAifHaTHOM cHceMy; tab je npaaaii paAHJycy sesTopy 
onpeAeji»eH jeAHaqHHaiia 

«,= V (13) 

^ n 

JeAHa^HHe nas nojeAHHHX BJianoBa OBe rpyne HajiasHMo 
aaiie&yjytiH y onmTHM jeAHaqEHaia (11) ulae (12) 

n=l, 2, 3, 4, 



Obh B^aiiH HHcy xpaHciteHAeHTHH, Hero cy a;ire($apcRH. 
Jepy noqeM ce Cos 1199, RaA je n i^eo 6pojy nose lapasHTH 
creneHHMa Sin9P ^ ^^^9>C)f ^ noMOM je hs jeAHa^HHa (11) 



(*) raacHHH. KH>Hra Cxp. 



272 4PyrH npH-ior A^rEBAPCKHM b.iauhma BuniEr cteheha 



Cotg9J = - (1*) 

TO ce itoMotiy nosHarBX o^pasaqa hs TpHroHOHeTpHJe 



Cosy=-7,$fe=.,Si„^ = , 



1 



J/1 + (Cotgy)* ' ^ V/1+ (Cotg^p)' 
3aMeH.yjyiiu BpeAHOcx sa Cotg9P h3 (14) Mory 

l/x*+y' |/x*+y* 

H36auHTH. Obekbom paAftOM CBOAe ce xpaHcaeHAeflTHe jeA- 
BaMHe (11) Ha abb ajire6apcKe jeAHaTOHe, Koje ce oieBHAHo 
EBEApHpafteM a sa thm cyMHpaH>eM cboab na jeAHy a^retfap- 
CKy jeAHaqHHy. 

Oa CBFJy B^aKOBa, koje npnnaAajy OBOj rpynn h kojhx 
ima 6e36poJHO MHoro, nocMaTpaLexo caAa caMO Hajnpocrije: 

1. 

n=:l ; tp = y>. 



JeAHa^HHe BJiaKa. 3aMeH»yjykH n=l yjeAHa^HHe 
(11) Hajia3HM0 

x = 

y 



= rCotg9?(l — C0S9P)) ,jg. 

=:r(l — Cosy) j 



T. j jeAHaqHfle B^aKa y ipoyr^oM KOopAHHai- 
HOM CHCieiy; a y jeAHaMHHH (12) 

r(l-Cosy)^j.^ I (17) 

^ Sin 9? 2 

T. j. jeAHa^HHy BJiaKa y iio.iapHOM KoopAHHar- 

HOM CHCieMy. 



APVrH nPHwlOr A.irEBAPCKHM aiAUIIMA BIiniiT CTEflEHA 273 

A saMeftyjyiiH y jcAHaqHHe (16) BpeAHOCXH is (14) h 
(15), a sa THM RB:iApupaH>6H h cjMHpafteM Taso ao6hb6hhx 
jeAHaqHHa, HajiasBMO ajiretfapcsy JBAHa^HHy 

y*(x»+y«) = r*(±j/P+7'-xr (18). 

B^aK j6 A^KAQ aJiretfapcRH. 

Hpexpec jeAflaMHHe (18) noMoiiy p. Ona je^- 
HaqHHa, y obom o6;iHRyy Bp^o je 3roAHa 3a H3Ha;ia»eH>e 
X ji y T. ]. Ta^aRa eaMOMe BJiaRy. 

KaA craBHMo 

x^+y'=(>' (19) 

OHAa H3 (18) n (19) Ha;ia3HMo 

yy=r*(±()-x)* (20) 

a H3 (20) H (19) 

0=:r'(±() — x)* — (>* + ()*x*, HM 

FemaBaEbeM ose RBaApaiHe jeAHa^HHe HajiasHMO, 3a no3HaTO 
^, ani^Hce xa^^aRa B^aRy (18) — 3a ropftH snaR t. j. 3a 
3HaR MaH>e ( — ) 

a 36or ABory<$or SHaEa y sarpaAH, yBes 

X. = (> ) 

^ _(>(r'-e*) (21) 



X* 



274 APyra npiwor a^febapckhm b.iauhma BHmEr cteoeha 
— 3a AOH»H 3HaK T. j. 3a 3Hait BHffle (4-) 

a onei 36or ABory6or snaKa y sarpa^H, yeeK 

^~ r' + p' (21') 

x"= — (> ) 

Aah cy H opAHHaTe tux laMaRa nosHaie, jep hs jeA- 
BftUHe (20) cibeAjje 

a 36or ABory6or snaRa y sarpa^H, yseK 

A saie&yjybH BpeAHOcrii h3 (20) h (21') najiasHMO 
y. = 



' ^r« + ^* (22') 

y"=0 1 

Hs jeAHa<iBHa (21) h (21*), (22) h (22') c^eAyje, asl 
sa CBaso nosHaio (> h r Ha^iasHio mecT TaqaKa Bjiasy (18) 



4PyrH nPH40r A^rEBAPCKHM B^AUUMA BHIUCr CTEHEHA 27 5 

Ajih saRO jeAHaUHa (19) DpeciaBiba jeAan RpysHH m&p, 
a (20) ^cTHpH npaieHa ca ABa ijeHxpa (y = ± r), 36or npo- 
leHjbHBocTH (>y TO losoio pebu, ,\B, TaqRe B^iaEy (18) na- 
AasHMO H8 npecena Rpyseor mfipa 

ca qeTHpH npaiena 

y^ j,r(±(>-x) 
? 

Obh npecei^H lory ee sp^o Aaso ao^hth reoxoTpncBfiM iio- 
CTpojei, na npeia Tone h BJias spjio JiaRo h npocTO laMRy 
no TaqRy naiipTaTn. 

Ha jeAHaqHHa (21) h (21'), (22) ii (22') naMSHMo 
join, Aa je 3a 

T. j. A^ H anuHCHa ocoBHHa cnaAa y cacxaBHH a^o B^iasa 
(18); H Aft ce, RaRo x^ (oi) xaRO h y, (y'), A&je JiaRO re- 
oxeTpHjCRH nocrpoJHTH, noqei jeARaqHHe 

MOSeMO BaOHCaTH 

, _ P(r-e )(r-4-e) __2r(.* 
• m . m '* in.m 

TAO ce m ^=.\^ ^\ r* loate reoiexpHCRH nocxpoJHTM ; to ji^ m 
m m 

I8» 



276 ApyrH npuaor A^rsBAPCKHM b^auuma Bumer cTBnEHA 



na Ha nooieTRy h 



X.=r 



_ s((> + r) _ 2r.t 



m ' m 



.WKO reoMeipHCKH nOCTpOJHTH. 

Hpeipec jeAHa^HHe (18) nenocpeAHo, Ako 
HcnHTHBaH>e B^iaRa npeAy^ieio HenocpeAHO ca jeAHaqHHOM 
(18), OHAa, BaA je ocjio6oahmo sopenor sHaRa, na^iasHio 

yMy*=2(x*-r*)y*+ 
(X*— 6rV+r*)y'— 4rV] = (24) 

H3 OBe je^HaqHHe 

y* = ^ 1 r25> 

y*-|- 2 (X*— r*) y*+ (X*- 6rV+ r*) y*— 4rV= 0} ^ ^ 

T. j. A* je B^aK, npeACxaBJbftH jeABaqHHOi (18), lO-xor 
CTeneaa a caciaBAeB B3 anAHCBe ocoBHBe (BpaBe jiHBBJe) — 
mxo CMO Bam^iH h jeAHa^HflaMa (23) — h jOAHor BJiana 
6-Tor CTonefla. A;ih BaBO y pem6H>y 

f = 

Be BHAHMO HBrnxa bobo, no mxo npeACxaBiba joAHy (ABory6y) 
iipaBy — ani^HCfly ocoBHHy — , xo Leio caAft otfpaxvxH Hasiy 
nasH>y Ha pemoBe 

y*+ 2 (X*— r*) y*+ (x*— 6rV+ r*) y*— 4rV= (26) 

Boja npeACxaB^a joAaB senosBaxH B.iaK. OAMax Moateio sa- 
KAyqHXH, Aft je xaj B;iaK 6-xor cxeneaa, no mxo je 
npeACxaBj^eB jeAHa^HBOM 6-xor cxeneBa. 



APyra npiuor ajfebapckhm ii.iauhma BHUiEr cTEnEHA 277 

JeAHaqHHR (26) saieHOM 

y* = v,y* = v* H y* = t;' 

CBOAH C6 Ha joAHa^HHy 3-b6r creneHa 

v*+ 2 (X*— r*) v'+ (X*- 6r*x«+ r*) v — 4rV= , 

a OBa onex saiieHOM 

2(x*-r*) 



Ha jeAHa^HHy 
z 



.-[^•>:+w].- 



2(x*-r«)r(x«— rV 



•— r")r(x«— rV , , ,1 , , ^ 
3— ^?--^^--4rVj-4rV= 



(27) 



Boja ce io»6 pemBTH no EapAanoBOJ ^opiy^HT. j. hs 
one jeAHa^HHe lory ce Habn bpbahocth e, bs &hz A9Ji>e 
BpeAHOCTH V E y, Boje OAroBapajy nosHaTBi BpeAHOCTHia x. 
OBaKBRM pemaBa&eH Moace ce y Heso^HKO a^ OApe^H 
H otfjiHB BMsy; npH Tone Tpe6a najnpe HcnHTaTH, Ba^aje 
(h3 SapAanoBe MpHy^ie) 

r^e je Dpeia jeAHa^HHH (27) 



278 APyru npu.ior AwirEBAPCKUM b^iauhma BiimEr cteheha 
KaA HSBpmflio obj saieHy, naiiH beiio 

A BpeAHOCT je obom Hspasy: 
a., Hyjia, RaA je 

x*-fllrV— r*=0. 

Ta^a HRjiaaHiio Tpn cTBapne BpeAHOCXH z, hsmb^j h»hx abb 
jeAHaKe. Jep 

a., 3a X = npejiasH jeAHaqHHa (27) y 

^ 2^+27~^' 
a H3 OBe jeAHaqHHe HajiaBuo 

2r* r* 

Zj— q"»2a=^2i= q"» * nOMOhy OBHX 

u, =s 0, v^= u,= r*, H Ha noMexBy 

yi=o, yt=y.= ±r. 

T. j. TpH TaqRe B;iaRy, HSMe^y rojhx je jsAHa noqexaK 
Rpexafta; 

/J., 3a x*-|-llr*x* — r*=sO na^iasHMO KaA je peniHMo 
x=±^y-22 + 10l/5; 

M 360 r ABory6or 3HaKa noA KopeHOM 



Apyru nPH.ior ajfebapckhm b^aubma BimiEr ctedeha 279 

x-±Iy-22+10^/5- 

x.= ±^y- 22-101/57 

Ho^ei je x^ yo6pa»eHo, He teMo hh TpaatHiH oAroBapajyLe 
BpoAHOCTH Zf V E y. A. zn x^ HaJiasflMO 

Zj=0-9213r*, z,= z,= 0-4606 r*, 
a 3aieH>yjyliH oBe BpeAHOCiH, sajiasHMo a&m 

v,= 1-5279 r% f;,= t;,= 0*1460 r*, 
H Ha noGA6TKy 

y.= l-24r, y.= y,= 0-38r. 

Ha no^ei sa x,= ±0'30r HajiasHio 

y,= ±l-24r, y,= y3=±0-38r 

T. j. Aft anijHCH x^ OAroBapajy TpH opAHHaxe y, H3Mel>y ko- 
JHX cy ABe jeAHaKe h ancojiyTHOi BpeAHomiiy h jeAnaKo 03Ha- 
^ene, OHAa cjio6oaho Moseio peLn, Aft sa tb bp6ahocth: 
^v Vv ^s=^t HajiasHio ocax xaqaga B^asy. AjIh KaBo cy 
sa ani^Hcy x^ opAHHare y^ h y^ jeAHase, OHAa MOseMO pekn 
joffl, H A* ce sa Te BpeAHocTH a?^, y^=^y^ abb Ta^Re B^aKa 
noKJianajy t. j. Aa cy opAHHaie y^=y^ yjeAHO h BepiH- 
Ka;iHe AnpRe BJiasa. 

b., nosHTHBHa, KaA je x*-^-llr*x* — r*]>0. 

TaAa na^asBio sa cBe BpeAHoexH x, Boje ^nHe OBy nejeA- 
HasocT, caMo jeAHy cTBapny bpbahoct z, na A^^K^e h u, a 
ABB CTBapHe jeAHaKe h cynpoTHo osHa^ene BpeAHocra y t. j. 
ABe Taqse BJiasy — a sa nosHTHBHo h eeraTHBHO x ne- 
THpH Ta^Be; 



280 APyni nPHAor A^rsBAPCKiiM BjIaiihma BumEr ctehgha 

c, HeraTHBHa, KaA je x*-|- llrV— r*<^0. 

TaAa HajiasHio 3a cBaKy CTBapny BpoAHOCT x^ Boja ^ihv 
ropay HejeAHaKocr, xpH CTBapne BpeAHOCTH ^ h u, a mecr 
CTBapHHX BpeAHOCTH y no Tpn jeAHaBO a eynpoiHO osHa^OHe 
T. j. mecT TaqaKa BJiasy — a sa a; hoshthbo h HeraiHBHo 
12 Taqasa. 

CytfiaHreHTa h cytfHopMajia. 3a joni Tawflje no- 
SHasafte B^iasa (16) uoTpe6HO je noTpasHTH cytfxaHreHTy =8^ 
H cy^HopMajiy = S. aa la Bojy fteroBy xaqny. H saBO je 
OBO ^asme h sroAHHJe hsbphihth lio.iapHOM H>eroBoi jeAHaqa- 
Hoiy TO cy Hai noTpe6He c^eAeLe jeAHaquse hs AH^epeni^HJaji- 
Hor paqyna 

^^=^%^=% (^«> 

Ea4 AH^epei^HpaMO jeAHaqany (17) HaJia3HM0 
2(Cos^r 

H caAa aaMeftyjyfcH bpbahocth h3 (29) y (28) Ha^aaRMO 

a., S, = ± 2r (sm|-)'= ± (r -r Cos?)) (30) 

OAaBJie 66 S^ Aaje 3a CBaBy TaqBy BJiaBa (1 7) — Boje leMo 
osHaqHTH CHM6o;iHqHo [^] — reoMeTpHJcBH nocTpoJHTH. A 
THBe je jiaBo h TanreHTy Ha Ty Tamy noByLi. 

3a pasjiH^He xaqse B^aBa [()] Ha^asHiio h paa^uuo 
S^ , BOJHX te Kpajibe xa^Be ^eaBaTi TaBo^e na jeAHOB B^aBy, 
BOBe je (30) jeAHsqHHa y no^iapHOi BoopAHHaTHOB cHcxeiiy 

— BOJB LeiO 03HaqHTH CHB6o^HqHO [St]. 



4PyrH npiLior A^rBBAPCKUM b^iauuma BHuicr cTEnEHA 281 

B;iaK [SJ y KOJH nocraje oa cy^TaHreHaia BJiasa [p] h 
Toie je jeAHa^RHa y no;iapHoi ROopAUHaTHoi cHCTeiy 

S. = ±2rfSm|-)' 

no3HaT noA hxchom Gardioide-a. 

A saMeftyjylH S^ = V^x* + y* > no^en cy KoopAHHaie 
HeBe Taqse lora BJiaRa 

X = Sj Cos y , y = Sj Sin q) ; 

X X 

H Cosy = ; ^ ^ . - , noqeM je — = Cotga^, y jeAHaqiiHH 
Kx*-|-y* y 

(30) HajiasHMO 

(x'+yT±2rx(x*+y*)-ry=0 .... (31) 

T. j. jeAHaqHHy Cardioide-e y iipaBoyMon KoopAHHaTHon 
€HCTeiy(*). 

GpaBHHBaH»ex nan jeAHa^HHa (17) h (30) HajiasHio 

s. = esi.p, e=st^ (82) 

T. j. Ha^HH, KaKO CO Moxe reoxexpHJCEHM nyxea ^aso ao^h 
AO Ta^asa MaKa [S,] uz oAroBapajybax raqasa Bjiasa [p], 
H o6pHyTO. 

b., S. = ± v-r4^— - = ± -- - --T. • • (33) 



^ + ^^^9' 2(co8-|f 



Aah Kaso ce OBa jeAHuqHHa lo^e HaaHcaTH 



S„ - ± ^* 



r 4- r Cos 9? ' 



(' ) 36or ABon <5or aiiaKa ua.ia3HM0 obac 4Be C a r d i o i d c-e, KOJHMa 
KOOpAHuarue ocobmho ^eme o6puyTO KOopAuuaTiiBM ocaMa aaaKa (16). 



282 4pyrH nPH^or A^rEBAi»cKMM b.iauhma bhiuef cteheha 
TO ce S„ Mo»e ;iaKo uocipoJHTH, no mio je jirko nocrpoJHTH 
r 4" r Cos y = m , na laAa ii 



r' 



m 



3a pasjiHqne laMKe B^iaKa [p] Ha.ia3HM0 pasJinqne BpeA- 
HOCTH sa Sn, H CB6 BpaJH»e Ta^Ke S. Jiesabe ea jeAHoi 
BJiaKy, KOMe je jeAHaiHHa (33) — a kojh heMO osHaqHTH 
chm6ojihtoo [Sn]. Taj B4aK je nosHai noA HieHO»i Ila- 
pa6o^a. 

3aMeftyjyLH h obac Sn = l/x*-f-y*> no niTO je x=Sn Cos q), 

X X 

y = S« Sin y ; h Cosy = ^-— --- , no^en je - = Cotg q), 
y jeAHaqHHH (33) Ha.iasHMO 

y*=r*^2rx (34) 

T. j. atH»By jeAHa^HHy Dapa6ojie y npaBoyr.ioM Koop- 

AHHaXflOM CHCTOliyC). 

CpaBH>]iBaH>eM BpeAHOciH m (17) h (33) Ba^iasHMO 

p = S„Sina?, Sn = ^.^— (35) 

^ ^ Sin 9? 

T. J. Ha BOJH ce Ha^QH H3 laqaRa BJiasa [p] na^ase OAro- 
BapajyLe xa^Ke BjiaKa [S»] ii o(}pHyTO. 

Ha noMeiKy, opasitHBafteM BpeAHOcra h3 (32) ii (35) 
Ha;ia3HM0 

Sn Sn Cos 2^ 

^t = o 



(*; 3a OBy jeAHEHBHy spe^H. oabocho ABoryCor SHaKa, oho hcto 
mTO CMO KaaajH sa jeAHaMHHy (31) 



1 



4PvrH nriMor A^rECAPCKHM b-iauiima BuuiEr cTEneiiA 283 

noMoty Koje noateMo mko Sn nocrpoJHTu h3 Sj h jp. H 
o6pHyTO. 

_ 2rS, 
^"~ r — rCos29?' 

noMoky Roje oaeT Moreno Jiaso Sn nocxpoJHTH S^ m q>. 

c, HaniJiH CMO, Aa speAHOcTHia x^ = ± 0-30r oafo- 
Bapajy sepTHKa^iHe A^P^e BJiaKa [p]. Ho xe ahpkb mosomo 
HatiH H Ha CJieAehH HaqHH. 

KaA osHaqHMO yro, bojh TaereHTa y h6koj TaqsH BJiasa 
[^] saoana ca nosHTHBHoii anuHCHOM ocobhhoh ca r, OHAa 
je H3 AH^epeHiinja^iHor paqyna 

Cotg(r-p) = i^^; 

H OBAe 3aMeftyjytH BpeAHOCiH h3 (17) h (29) naAasHiio 

Cotg(T-9» = gi^- 

KaA y oBoj jcAHa^iflHn ciaBHMO t = 90® (3a BepxHKa.iHe 
AKpKe) OHAa Hajia3HM0 

(Cos9?)*-|-Cos9>— 1 = 0. 
KaA pemHiio obj KBa^paxHy jeAHa^Huy najiasHHo 

a 36or ABory(5or SHaKa 

p — l+l/'5 p — 1 — |/'5 
Cos9P,= - — XJ- — , Cos9P,= 



284 Avyrii nPH^or a^febapckhm b^auuma buuief CTEnEHA 

IIoqeM je BpeAHOCT 3a Cosy), paBHa cxpaHH npasHJiHor a^- 
<;eToyroHHKa, to ce h yro y, nose mko reoMeTpHJCKH no- 
cipojiiTH; a BpeAHocT sa Cosjp, setia oa jeAHHHAe, to obo 
pemeihe OTnaAa, Kao HeMorytHOCT. 

HocTpoj BJiaKOBa [p], [S^] h [Sn]. HocTpoj je 
BJiaKa [(>] noxoby jeAHaqHHe 



P=±rtg 



9 



Bpjio JiaB nocao ; jep Raso je r nosaaTo, h Mosexo 3a CBaBE 

yro ^ jiaso Hnbn ^ , na n ^ , Roje Tpe((a caxo npeneTH na 

P«AHJycy BeKTopy AOBy^eHMM noA yoon 90, na ao6hth joahj 
Ta^sy Bjiasa [(>]. A kbbo je 3a cBany Taqsy BJiasa [p] Jiaso 
OApeAHTu St H Sn (bham a., h b.,), to HHJe TemBo h y CBa- 
Boj TaqKM Tora B;iaKa uoaytiH AHpnyy na Aamie n TaqHHJe 
ra HaupTaTH (C;iHKa 2). 

Bpio je HHTepecaHTHo OBAe o6paTHTH naaay ea uo- 
Kpeiaibe cchobhof Kpyra no aatoj iipaBOj, a^ ^^ HeRa H»e- 
roBa Ta^Ra Mor^ia onscaTU B^aR [^]. 

PaAH Tora je noTpe(}Ho npe CBera OAroBopHTH na dh- 
TaH>e : RaRo ce 3a cBaRy la^Ry BJiaRa [(>] Moa^e nocTpojuTH 
ocHOBaH Rpyr? TaRO aa np. RaRO ce 3a laMRy M B^aRa [p] 
uocTpojaaa Taj Rpyr? 

Soaio, Aa THJ Rpyr Mopa iipojiasHTH Rpo3 Tawy M, 
a ocHM Toia H Rpo3 Ta^Ry Kj 11 Ty AOAMpHBaTM npaBy X,X 
{O^HKa 2). C Tora Tpe6a caMO Hahn TaqRy N, , Roja OAro- 
Bapa Ta^RH M, na je Rpyr JiaRO HaupTaxH. TaqRy K, natiH 
teMO uoMoty iiosHaTe Han jeAHaqRHe [n3 (4) 3a ip = y] 

MN,= t=±2(>Sin^, 



4Pyrn nPH-ior a-ifebapckhm b^iauuma bhuiep CTEnEHA 28 ") 

a noHotiy oBe h jeAHanHHC (17) 




jep je 8a cbrkj xaMKy BJiaKa [^] nosnaTO h p h y. Ha 
ca^a H3 M ca oiBopoM meciapa t npecefiH fceMo X,X y N,, 
H aKO join noAHrneMO ynpaBHy na X,X h na h>oj OAce^eiia 
N,C = r, HaLw keMo ueHiap ipaxeHOM Kpyry. Docie xora 
je JiaKo H caM Kpyr naupiaTH. 

Am KaKO ca OTBopoM mecTapa t MoaieMO h3 M , y on- 
fflie, npecehn X,X y abb laqKe N, h N^, to Ha;ia3HMa 
y onmie ABa TaKsa Kpyra, OAaBJie onex saicAyqyjeMo, Aa 
BJiaR [q] nocxoje noKp6TaH>eM ochobhof spyra na ABa na- 
^HHa. Ho npBOM naqany, KaA ce xaj Kpyr Kpete oa no- 



286 4PyrH nPUwior AarEBAPCKHM b^auhma BuniEr cteheha 

H6Tsa speiaiba AoneRJie accho, sa thm ce Bpatia naTpar, 
npe^asH noMexaR RpexaBa h hab y 6ecB0HaqHucT no nera- 
THBHOJ nojioBHHH aui^HCHe 0C0BHH6, a 3a THM 66 Bpaha y 
6ecB0Ha^HOCT no boshthbhoj nojioBHHH aniiHCHe ocoBHHe, npe- 
;ia3H noqeiaK Kpexaaa AoneKJie, na ce npaba onei y noqe- 
TaK KpeTaaa; a no ApyroM, KaA ce oa no^eiRa Kpeiaaa 
nospeLe no neraTHBHOJ nojiOBHsn ani^HCHe ocoBHse y 6ecB0- 
HaqnocTy a sa thm ce H3 6ecK0Ha^H0CTH no hoshthbhoj no- 
;i0BHBH ani^HCHe ocoBHHe Bpaka y no^eTas Kpexaftd. IIo^io- 
maJH ocHOBHor spyra sa xa^ne I, 11, III, lY BAana [p] 
osnaqeHH cy npn Kpexaiby no npnoM na^nny ca 1, 2, 3, 4, 
a npH Kpeiatty no ApyroM naqHny ca 1*, 2*, 3*, 4* na 
cjiHi^H 3. Epexafte ocnoBHor Rpyra, 6hjio no npaoi, 6h;io 
no ApyroM na^nny, hhth je caMO Koxp^ajyiie hhth caMo kjih- 
selie, jep npn BOTp.i>afi»y BJias [^] (ino 6h npocxa i^hkjio- 
HAa, a npH B^HaEeH»y ani^HCHa ocoBana, Hero h jeAHO 
H Apyro, Pemeay fl,B.KAe y*=0 h3 jeAHa^Hna (25) oato- 
Bapa BJiHse&e ochobhof Kpyra no ani^HCHOJ ocobhhh. Ajik 
je xaAa He caMo y?= i^, nero je h 90 = i/> = 0. C xora 
EaA npexnocxaBHMO, ja^si (p = ip ne cMe 6hxh paBHO ny^iH, 
oHAa caMo jeAHa^Hna (26) npeACxan^a pemette OBor cjiy^aja. 
Me^y XHM MoseMo nanoMenyxH, ah o6a pemefi»a jeAHa^Hne 
(25) ne Mory jeAHonpeMeno nocxojaxH, no mxo jeAHa Hcxa 
xaqRa ocHOBHor Rpyra, Ma RaRo ce OBaj noRpexao no neROJ 
npanoj, HHRaA neLe moLh y hcxo BpeMe Aa onnme h xy npany 
XjX, ROJH je npeACxaBiben jeAHawnoM (26). Koxpjbaae Kpyra 
no npBOM naqHHy KpexaH»e Mopa 6hxh cynpoxno ROTpjbafty 
fteroBOM no ApyroM na^Hny Rpexaaa h aok fterona xawa — 
noqexaB Bpexa&a — onnme o5e rpane BJiaRa [^] Mopa Le ce 
ABa nyx oro ce6e otfpnyxH. 

A^H ocHOBan Rpyr Mose ab* ce noRpeLe n c Apyi*^ 
cxpane A^'Xe npane. B^iaR [^] A&R-^e Mopa a^ je cacxaBJben 
h3 MexHpH jeAHaRHX rpana, Roje ce npyatajy y ± oo h Roje 



APVni J.IM lOr A.irEB.VPCKHM B.IAUHMA BIILUEr CTEnEHA 287 




CiHKa 3. 



288 4PyrH npuAor a^febapckhm b.iauhma bhuief CTEnEHA 

.lese cHMeTpHqRO upeia aniiHCHoj h opAflHaTHOJ ocobhhh. 
C Tora ce y je,\HaqHHe (17) ii (18) Mopa yaexH j[bovj6e 
SHaB, j\a 6n noinyiro OArosapa^e obom (viy^ajy, y bomb HHJe 
yqHH>eH HHRaBaB HByaeTaR oahocro noBpeTai^a ochobhof spyra 
110 AftToj npaBoj. 

Hs iiORpeiaiba ochobhof Bpyra y 6ecB0HaqH0CT, hosomo 
Beh 3aR.i>yqMTH, Aa BJiaR [p] HMa acHMTOia. H AOHCia, BaBO 
je aa y = ±180, St = ±2r, a (>=±o© c^eAyje, Aa 
cy npaBe y OACTOJawiy + 2r EaA hay napa^ejiHO ca anAHC- 
HOM OCOBHHOM X^X aCMMTOTe BJiaBy [p]. 

UocTpojaBafte BJiaROBa [SJ h [S»] TaRo^e je JiaB no- 
cao uoiioly aeroBHX jeAnauHna (30) h (33), no idto je no- 
Moliy ftflx ;iaRo nocTpoJHTH St h Sn (bhah a., h b.,) 3a 
CBaRy laqRy BJiaRa [p]. /l,Bory6H 3HaR boa obex jeAHaqana 
Kasyje, a^ CBaBa npeACTaB.i>a no ABa jeAnaRa BJiaRa, bojh 
jiese npeia anqncHOJ ocobhhh cyupoTHo. (CjiHsa 2). 

A;iH nocxpojaaafte B^aROBa [(>], [SJ h [S»] Mo»e Aa 
ce HSBpmi! H Ha Apyni Ha^HH. TaRo BJiaB [^ Moxe ce Bp^o 
jiaEO H npocTo nocipoJHTH noMoLy jeAHa^HHa (19) h (20) t. j. 

X*+y^=p^ H y^±I(+p_x)(') 

Hs oBnx jeAHaqana cji»eAyje, ab. ce xa^Be BJiaBy [q] 
najiase Bao npecei^H Bpyanor niapa x* -^ y*= (>*, ca o(Ja 

npaiena (cHcreMa npaanx Rpo3 abb cia^He lawe) y = db— 

(p — x), 36or npoMOHAHBocTH 9?. Ha RaBo je no40»aj abh- 
ipa o6a npaieHa nocTojaH, y=dir, sa Ma BaBBy npo- 
MeHj»HBy BOJiHqHHy (>; babo ce cBaBH Bpyr hs mftpa Bpy- 
roBa, sa nosnaio (>, Moace nai^pTajH; u BaBO onaj spaB h3 



(') 3a 3HaK Maibe ( — ) y sarpaAM paA je y raaBHOue hcth. 



4PVrH nt>H40r A^rEfiAPCKUM B4AUHMA BHItlEr CTEOBfiA 289 

npaiena Roxe obo p OAroBapa, npojiasH Rpo3 npeee^ey Taqsy 
Tora Rpyra ca aniificHox ocobbhom, no^ex je Ba y=: 0, x=(), 
TO ee He caxo Kpyr xose sa nosnaTO, npoHSBOA^HO, ^ na- 
iipTaTH, Hero ce xose h u>eHy OAroBapajy&H spaR noBybH, 
na fl,mAe H H»HXOBa npece^Ha xaqna t. j. jOAHa xauRa BJiaRy 
[p], Ha}iH. Ha Taj je HaqHH Hal^eaa Taqsa M Bjiana [(>] sa 
npoH3BOi>Hy, noBHaTy, BOiiHqHHy q y cjihi^h 4. Obao je 
OC = -|- r, OM = p a CS je OAroBapajyfcH 3paB npaxeHa 
H3 iieHxpa C uoBHaTOJ h npoHSBOjbHOj KOiiHWHHH ^. Rao 
mTO CHO ao6h;ih M xaRO hcto 3a cBaKo Apyro, npoH3Boi>HO, 
Q xosexo Ao6HTfl HOBe Taqse Biiasa [^]. 

B;iaB [SJ nocraje oa cyCTaflreHata Biiasa [^]. Cy6- 
TaHrenaTy nan CBasoj xaqKH BJiasa [^] xosexo jiaso na&H 
ooHoby jeAHauHe (32) x. j. 

St = pSiny. 

Taso sa Taqsy M BJiaRa [o] cytfxaHreHTa je opAHHaTa MN, 
floqex je MN = (> Sin 59. 

H caAa RaA y noAHrHexo ynpaBny Ha OM h npene- 
cexo 0M,= MN = 8^ HajiasHxo TaqKy M, BJiana [SJ (G^HKa 
4). Ha xaj HaqHH xosexo CBaKoj xaqRH Bjiasa [(>] naliH oa- 
roBapajytiy xaqsy B^asa [SJ. Ajih xaj paA xosexo cRpaxHXH; 
jep RaA HOByqeMO npaBy SM, HajiasHXo a* je AOMNSOSM,, 
a H3 HOAyA^pHocTH OBa ABa Tpoyr^a cAeAyje, a^ TaqRy M, 
EAaRa [SJ xosexo na^u h 6es opAHHaxe MN, caxo RaA hs 
S nOByqexo napa^ejiny npany ca p, xo he OBa cetiH oa- 
aecHy y na OM y xaqny M^ Biiana [SJ. Ha xaj HaqHH 
xosexo Bp^o JiaRo noxoby B^ana [o] naiipxaxH h BJiaR [S]. 
fla noqex je BJiaR [SJ Cardioide-a, xo cxo xxxe y jeAHO 
flORasa^H jeAaH hob a Bpjio npocx HaqHH nocxpojaBaH>a OBora, 
AaBHO Hosnaxor, BJiana. 

r4Aci»K LXIX, 19 



^96 



4pyru npitior A^rEBAPCKHM b^auhma BHuiEr ctEnEHA 



KaA noTpa»HMo cytfiaHreHTy BJiasy [SJ , oHAa noMoby 
noaHaie jeAHa^HHe h3 AH^epeni^BJajiHor paqyHa 

St*=(St)*Tj^, H AH3»epeHitHpafteM jeAHa^HHe (30) 



i<p _ 1 



, HajiasHHo saieflOH 



dSt rSin9?' 
S.*=2rtg|(sin|)* hm 




CaHKa 4. 



Hs OBe i[OGAeAK>e jeAHaqoHe HajiasHMo Bp;io npocry roh- 
CTpyK^Hjy 3a nocipojaBaibe A^paKa Ha Bjian [S^]. Taso a* 
6b nocTpoJBJiH y xaqKH M, A^pKy, Tpe6a a& onHineMo hs 



4P7rH nPH^or iurEBAPCKHM b^auhma BHmEr CTEnEHA 291 

ca no^ynpeuHKox OM, n^iyspyr M,QL h a^ noBy^eiio npaBj 
LQ, OHAa he OBa cebH OABecny noByqeny y na OM, y 
H,^. IIpaBa, Koja cacxaB^ba M,^ ca M, jecxe AHpsa y xaqsH 
M, BJiasa [SJ {cajukh 4). Jep h3 ipoyrjia OM,M,* CAOAyje, 

Aa je OM,*=Sttg| = St*, no^eM je < M,LQ^ |. Tme 

exo AUKAQ noKEBajiH HOB, Bpjio upocT, Ha^HH nocTopojaBaH>a 
AHpaBJi Ha HoanaTH B^aK — Cardioide-y. 

BjiaR [Sn] nocTBJe oa cy^HopMa^a BJiaKa [p]. Cy6Hop- 
Ma4o TaqaRa Bjiasa [p] Mory ce Bp;io jiaso HaLH noxoby 
jeAHaqHHe (35) t. j. 

Smy? 

Taso sa Taqsy M B^iaKa [(>] na&H Kexo S^, KaA y M no- 
Byqexo Ha Kpyr, kojh npOJiasH Kpo3 xy xaqny, A^pRy AO 
npecesa T ca opAunaxHOx ocobuhom, jep je xaAa 

OT = -A- =: S„ , uoqex jo < MTO ^w. 

H aso caAa y noAHrnexo ynpasHy Ha OM h npeHocexo 
OM, = OT = S», OHAa Hajia3HM0 xaqny M^ B^iaKy [S.]. Ha 
xaj 6h HaqHH mofjih Hatn cbo xaqse BJiana [Sn]. Ami xaj 
paA xoaexo cBpaxaxH, jep ano noByqexo npaBy M^M, , OHAa 
HajiasHxo Aft je A0M,M,^A0MT, m3 Mora c.i.eAyje, a* 
xaqsy M, xo»exo HatH m 6e3 AHpKe MT, aRo y M, no- 
AHrHBXo ynpaBHy na anitHCHy ocoBHHy u y ynpaBHy Ha 
OM, TO fee ce o6e one yupaBHj cjLh y xaqRH M, BJiaKa [Sn] 
(GjiHRa 4). Ajiu noKoLy xaqRO T xomexo noaybH y M, na 
BJiaRy [Sn] H AHpRy ; jep Rauo je <j a = <t y, a < /S = <|[ y, 
xo CAOAyje Aa je ^a= ^/S t. j. a^ jc npasa TM, A^pna 
y M^ Ha B^aRy [Sn]. Ua iioqex je BJiaR [Sn] napa6o;ia, 

19* 



^92 4PyrH npHaor a^febapckhm b^iauhma BHmEr CTBnEHA 

TO CMO THxe noKasajiH h jeAaH hob Haq&iH nocrpojaBauia na- 
pa6o;ie h noB;iaqeH>a Aup^Ka Ha Ma Kojy H>eHy Tawicy caiio 
BaA HaM je nosHaTO xexe h sHsa napa6ojie. Osaj Ha^HH 
noB^a^efta A^paRa na napa6ojiy Moaie ee ynoTpe6uTH h ra^a^ 
KEA nax je noanaTa xaqsa napa6ojie Epos Kojy Tpe6a no- 
ByhH AHpsy, ^Hflia H TeMe napa6ojie, jep xaAa ;iaKO na^a- 
3HM0 OHaj Bpyr uoMohy sora mosbmo hhIiH xaqsy M. CaAa mo- 
»eMO jiaKO noBy&H h A^pBy y M na xaj spyr to xaKo Hahi 
Ta^Ky T, KOJy Tpe6a cacTasHTH npaBOM ca AaTOM Ta^KOM 
napa6o;ie. Ta npaBa jecxe AHpna, y Toj xaqsH, na napa6ojiH. 

IIpeceR BJiaKa [^] ea BJiaKOH [SJ. Iloqex BjiaR 
[p] ceqe B^iaR [SJ (cjiHRa 2), to Aa 6h HaniJiH npece^ne 
Ta^Re, Tpe6a h3 h>hxobhx jeAna^HHa HaLn sajeAHH^Re BpeA- 
HOCTH sa ^ H 9), H^in sa x y, Roje ^e AaTH RoopAHHaxe 
npece^HEx TaqaRa. Aro ce nocjiysHMO jeAHaqHHaMa BJiaROBa 
[p] H [Sj] npaBoyrjior ROopABBaxnor cHCxeMa OHAa Ha;ia3HM0, 
Aa je B3HajiameH»e xYiyviz xaRBBX jeAHa^HHa OABe}i xemRO 
H CRopo HeMorybe no nosnaxox Ha^Hny. Mh &eMO caAa no- 
Rasaxn Apyrn Ha^HH, no Roue ce RoopAHsaxe xbx xaqaRa 
Hory JiaRo na^H. 

npe cnera xpe($a Aa BanoxeBeMo, a^ ^^^o npn xoxe 
paAy jeABaqHBe (18) a (31) ynoxpedflXH caxo ca jeAHHx 
snaROM B Aa ^exo y jeAnaMBBH (31) npoxcBBXH CByAa x 
ca 2^, B ^ ca o;^ Aa 611 CO 06a BJiaRa OABOcBAa Ha bcxh ro^ 
opAHBaxHH CBCxex. Ilpexa xoxe, npn obox paAy nxabexo 
nocjia ca obbx ABexa jeAHa^HBaxa 

y»(x*+y*) = r»(l/x»+y»~x)' (36) 



(y'-l-x*)"— 2ry|/x»+y'— rV=0 .... (37) 
Ka^ CTaBHio 

x*+y'=c' (38) 



Apyra nPHaor a^febapckhm b^auhma BuuiEr cteheha 293 

OHAa, 3aMeftyjjtH (38) y (36), h natfauyjytH H3 xaKo ao- 
6HBeHe jeAHa^ane Hajnpe y, HajiaaHMO jeAHy KBaAparay jeA- 
Ha^HHy; a k8 B>e 

a 3a THM R3($aiiyjytiH h3 hctb jeABa^HHe z, naJiasHHO je^Hy jeA- 
HaqHEj ^eTspTor CTenena; a H3 Ke 

. 2r()* (40) 

PopftB 3HaK y jeAHa^BHH (39) OArosapa npaoj speAHOCTH y 
(40) T. j. 3a 

...(41) 



y = o/ 



a AOftH SHaK y (39) OAroBapa Apyroj BpeAHOcra y (40) t. j. 3a 

no niTO je aa xe BpeAHOcxH x n y jeAHa^HHa (38) saAOBOJbOHa. 
SaieayjyliH iias (38) y (37) Hajia3HM0 

e*-2ry(>'— rV=0 (43) 

na noueM je h3 jeAHawHHe (38) 

TO cpaBKHBaibeM noaeAH>e abo jeABaqBae Ha^asHHO SBa- 
ApaTHy jeABaqaay 

2p' p*-ry 



294 4Pyrii nPHwior AarEBAPCKHM BwIauhma BHOiBr oTeaEHA 
H3 Roje HajinsHMO, BRA je pemHMo 

9ie±^ (^^j 

^ r 

A saMeftyjytH BpeAHocT 3a y b3 jeAHaqHHe (38) y (43) 
Ha^iasHMO ($HKBaApaTHy jeAHaqHHy 

x*+4-x* 51^ ==0, 

a H3 H»e, KaA je pemuHO 

x=±^y(>(±2r-p) (45) 

noqex BpeAHOCTK 3a a; h ^ h3 jeAHaqnHa (44) h (45) 
Mopajy A& HaAOBOjbe jeAHa^Hny (38), to Ha^asHxo 3($or abo- 
ry6or 3HaRa boa obex jeAHaqHHa, a^ 

a-, y=— ^^ — 



x = ±^y(>(+2r-(>) 



He 3aA0B0jbaBajy joAHaqHHy (38), h no Toie HHcy pemefta 
Hamer 3aAaTBa, 



l = ±^yp(-(>-3r) 



Taso^e HHcy pemefta OBor 3aAaTBa, no niTo ne 3aA0B0Ji»aBajy 
joAHaqflHy (38); 



4PyrH nPH40r AwirEBAPCKHM B.1AUHMA BHDJEr CTEOEHA 295 

p((> + r) 

B-» y = —h — 



= ±^]/{-2r-^)^ 



aaAOBOAasajy jeAHaiHsy (38), a;iH nucy CTBapna pemefta 
onor saAaTKa, no idto je x yo^paseno; 



x = ±^ye(2r-(>) 



saAOBO&aBajy jeABa>]HHy (38) h jecy pemeaa Hamer saAaTsa, 
ajiH e»ito sa bpoahocth ^<[2r, no niTo je sa BpeAHOCTH 
^>'2r BpeAHOCT x yodpaaoHa. 
H,&KAe, caio H3 jeAHa^HBa 

(>((> — r) ( 

xoseio Ha&H aa CBe BpeAHOCTH ^<C2t KoopAHHaxe xa^asa 
BJiasy [SJ, jep sa bpoahocth (>^2r Ha^iasHMO yo6pa»eHe 
ani^Hce, na a^kjib h yodpasene xa^Ke tomb BJiaR}. 

BpeAHOCTH rr H ^ H3 jeAHa^iHHe (46) xaKBe cy npH- 
poAe, AA ce Aajy ^aRO reoiexpHJCRH nocxpoJHXH sa CBaRo 
noBHaxo (> H r. 

3a xauRe npecena BjiaROBa [q] h [S^] Mopa ^ a& HMa 
Hcxy BpeAHocx y jeAHawHH BJiaRa [^] h y jeAHaqHHH B^asa 



296 Apyrn nPH^or AarEBAPCKHM b^auhma BHOiEr CTEnEHA 

[SJ. A Ty BpeAHOCT ^ HabH hexo, saA craBHXO BpeAHOCTH 
sa y U3 (42) h (46) jeAHa APyi'oj paBHe. TaAa Ha^asHiio 

()((>-r) 2r(>* 



r r^+(>^' 

a H8 oBe jeAHaqflHe c^eAyje: 

A x=0) . 

a., (> = 0, na AEBje _n> t. j. noqeiaE spe- 

TaH>a je je^Ha sajeAHH^sa Ta^sa; h 

/J., (»•— r(>'— r*(>-r*=0 

OBa jeAHaqiEa 3-&er cTeneaa cboah ce saHenoM 

^ = i-\-^, Ha 
. *r' 38r* . 

Kojy MoseMO pemHiH. TaAa na^iasHMO, a& je BpeAHoer Hspasy 

. If ^ \/^Y 17-231 r« 

(H3 KapAaHOBe ^opMyjie) y -^ + p- = — — — cTBap- 

na; a H»eH cxBapHH BopeH 

4-6157 
z = — 3— r; a 

p=l-8719r, 



T. j. BOJiasHMo, Aft je nojiynpc^HHK oHOMe Kpyry, kojh npo- 
Jia3H Kpo3 Apyry npeceqay la^ay 1 -87191. A KaA je no- 
3BaT0 ^ 3a Ty laqKy, OBAa je no (46) nosBaTO h tf, ua 
Aas^o H xaqsa upeceica. 



4PyrH iiPMvior a^febapckhm bjaumma bmuiep cteiieha 



297 



Tpefey Ta^Ky iipeceKa HaJiasHHo xaKo^e cpaBftHBaiteE 
BpeAHOCTH 3a y fl3 jeAHaqHHa (42) h (46) t. j. h3 jeA- 

Ha^HHO 

Hs OBe jeAHaqHHe najiasHMO nopeA Tora mro Beh suaio, 
Aa je no^exas RpeTaH>a je^Ha npeceiia Taisa o6a BJiasa 
((> = 0) join 

y., p»_rp«+3r'()-r'=0 

OBa JeAHaqHHa cboah ce saienoH 

() = z-fg-, Ha 

H3 Roje HajiasHMo BpeAHOCT H3pa3y (hs EapAaHOBe ^opMy;ie) 



1 A' ^ P* 22-65 , 

^ T " ^ ~ 97 ^ CTBapny ; a aen cTBapan KopeH 

z^= 0-0833 r; a 
(> = 0-3611 r. 

Thmc je H Tpeta npece^ea xaqsa o6a BJiasa oiipeAeAena. 
A^H KaKo je jeAHa oa Ha^eHHX xpnjy npece^HHX laqaKa no- 
qexaK BpeTaaa, h KaKO cy o(5a B^aKa CHiieTpHqHa npema oco- 
BHHaia X,X H Y^Y, to teno JiaKo HatH h ocrajie ABe npe- 
ceqne xaqKe obhx B.iaKOBa. 

KaA (Jh OBe TaqKe (npeceKe) TpaatwjiH cpaBftHBaaeM x 
BB JBABaqHHa (42) h (46), oHAa 6h naHmjiH na jeAHaqHny 
0-Tor CTenena oa ^, sojy ne 6h mofjim peAyi^HpaxH na Apyry 



298 AVVTH npuaor a^febapckhm raauhma BHmEr gteheha 

HHser crenefla, xe 6 Tora je obo HciiHTHBaH»e 6ojbe Hssp- 
IDHTH ca y, sao niTo cho h y^heh^ih. 

2. 

n = 2 ; ip = 2y. 

JeAHaqnHa BjiaKa. 3aM6H»yjytiB ii=2 yjeAHa^HHO 
(11) HajiasBMO 

x = rCotg9)(l-Co829))|0 .,„. 

y=r(l-Cos29)) / ^ ' 

T. j. jeAH'aMHHeBjiaKaynpaBoyrjioMROopAHHaT- 
HOM CHCTeiy; a y jeAHa^HHH (12) 

p = ±j:(l^^^±2rSin9> ....(48) 

T. j. jeAHa^HHy Bjiasa y nojiapHOM soopAHHaT- 
HOM CHCTeiy. 

A;iH saA y TpHroHoxoTpHJCROx odpaciiy 

Co8 2y=l— 2(Sm9))* 
saxeHBHO BpeAHOCT aa Sin 99 hb (15) nahH hexo a& j^ 

X*— Y* 

Co8 29) = ^r^, 

na BRO CBAB oBy BpeAHOcr sa Cos 29) saMeHHxo y jeAia- 
qiH6 (47), OHAB LeHO HX CBecTH Ha ABB ajiredapcRe joahb- 



C) Ha o6e jeAHaMHHe CwbOAyje x = r8in 2^ 

y = r(l — Co8 2y), a na ose 
ABO jOAH^tiHpe x*-j-y*=:^ry t. ). )e;^Ba«|HH|i^ 
Kpyra, 



APvra npuwior a^pebapckhm b^auhma BuniEr CTEnEHA 299 

qHH6, Koje oneT Hajnpe BBaApflpaH»eM a sa thm cyMHpaH>ei 
CBOAHMO Ha jeAHy a;ire6apcRy jeAHaiifHy 

(x*+yY-4rV(x*+y*) = (49) 

Hs OBe nas joAHaqHHe CJbeAyJe 



x*+y^=0, ) 

(x»+yT-4ry = 0,j 



(50) 



Aaicjie, A* je BJiaK, npeACxaBAeH jeAHaqirfloi (49), 6-Tor cre- 
nena a cacxaBjieH H3 no^eiKa speia&a (jeAHe xaqse) h s^iaRa 
4-Tor cTeneHa 

(x*-|- y*)*= 4ry HAH 

x*+y*=±2ry (51) 

Ajih OBaj BJiaK, nao mTo h3 H>eroBe jeAHa^HHO (51) bh- 
AHMO, Bpjio J6 spocT, 00 HiTO J6 cacxaB^eH H3 ABa spyra 
noJiyope^HHsa r, BoJHita iiOHxpH ^ese Ha opAHHaxHOJ oco- 
BHHH y OACxojaftHMa ± r oa no^exKa BoopAHHaxa. 

SaieftyjytiH y = y,-fr 

x = x, 

HajiasHMo H3 jeAHaqHHe (51) 

X. j. jeAHa^HHy Kpyra, bomb je noJiynpe^HHB r, a itenxap 
My ^eaiH y no^exBy BoopAHHaxa; h3 ^era 3aB/byqyjeM0, a* 
ce o6a Bpyra, npeACxaBAena jeAHa^HHOM (51), MBBajy y 
jeAftH Bpyr Hcxor noAynpe^HHEa, 



300 4Pyru nPH.ior A^rEBAPOKHM b^auhma SHiner ctemeha 

Hpeipec jeAHa^HBe (51) noMofcy ^, KoopAH- 
HaTe TaqaRa BJiasy (51) Hspaaiene ca ^ HaJiasHHO h3 

x*-|-y*=p*, H joAiaWHe (51) 
x*+ y*= i 2ry ; no idto je OAftBAe 

T. j. CBaRa opAHHaTE y jecre ^exBpTa cpasMepna HSMe^y p 
H 3r. A KaA je nosBaTa opAHBaia y, OBAa je nosBaxa h 
aoipica xaRBe xa^e BJiaxa t. j. 

H RaRo je (> npoxefl^bHBa RO^H^iBa^ to HoseMo na xaj na- 
qHB AO^HTH CBO TaqRO BJiaRa (51), npexAft je oh neyno- 
Tpe6jbHB, jep ce BJiaR h (Sea H»era nose Bp;io ^aRo saiip- 
TaTB, RaA ce SBajy nojiosaJH i^OBTpa RpyroBa rojh B^aR 
cacraB^ajy 

H3 jeAHa^BBa x*-|- y*= p', h 

HajiaaHMO, a^ cy xa^Re BJiaRa (51) npece^Be xawo RpysHor 
mapa ca CHCTenoM napa^e^BHx npaBHX ca ani^HCHOii ocobhhox, 
no niTO je ^ nponefl^HBa Ro^iH^HBa. 

Cy^xaHreHTa h cy^HopMaJia. KaA obao noipa- 
2RHX0 Sj H S. 3a 6yAfl Rojy xauRy B^iaRa (48) — rojh 
teMO 08BaqHTH CMM6o;iBqHo ca [p] — OHAa no bito amo- 
peBi^HpaMO jeAHa^HBy (48) Bajia3HM0 



At^^rti nFH^or AvireBAPOKHli BaXiiHltfA ^HtiiEr cTEnEHA 301 

a aaieftyjyliH obc BpcAflocxii y jeAHaqaHe (28) 

a., St = ±2rtg9t?Siny (52) 

b, Sn = ±2rCos9? (53) 

JeAHaqHHa (52) op6ACTaBi>a y no^iapHox KOopAHHaTHOX ch- 
CTeiy nosHaxH BJiaR Cissoide-y; a jeAHa^HHa (53) ABa 
Kpyra. 

Saie&yjyiiH St = [/x*Hf-y* h tgys?-, no mio je 

^; HSin5P= --^-=-, no mTo je 

tgco 
Sin® =/====, y jeAHaMHH (52), HajiasHio 
K i+(tg9)) 

y = 



x:F2r 

T. j. jeAHaqHHy Gissoide-e y npaBoyrjiOH ROopAHHaTHOx 
CHcrexy. 

A aaieftyjytiH Sn= j/x'4- y* no rnxo je 

X =1 Sb Cos y) 
y = S.Siii9^*^ " 

Cos9> = j/=f , ^0 niTo je Cos<p= ^f^^.^ y 
jeAHaqHHH (53), Hajia3HM0 

x*+y'==±2rx 

T. j. jeAHa^HHe o6a spyra y npaBoyr^ox ROopAHHaTHOX 
CHcrexy. A;ih kuro nocjieAH»a jeAHaMHHa npoxeHox x c^, y 
H o6pHyTo y C9L X upe^asH ca cbhh y jeABa^HHy (51), to 
OHAa saRjbyqyjexo, a& ce B4aR cy^Hopnajia [S.] noR^aoa ca 



302 APyni npKjior a^febapckhm b^auhma bhoibp CTEnBBA 

B^aKOH [^]. Ms npoMeee nan KoopAUHaia saBJbyqyjexo, Aft 
je aimHCHa ocoBHHa jeAHor B^iaEa opAHHaxBa ocoBHBa apJ- 
roxe BMKy h o($pHyTo. 

IIocTpoj BJiaKOBa [p], [S^] h [S»]. Eo hito je bmb 
[p] npeACiaBAeu ca ab* Kpyra noJiynpeqBHKa r, h no raxo 
ftixoBH iieBTpH ;ie»e aa opAHHaTHOj ocobhbh BHme h HHse 
noqeiKa KopABHaxa sa r, to ra je OABel ;iaKO h BaupiaTH. 
(OjiRKa 5). 




CiiiKa 5. 



Ba»HO je oBAe HCDHTaTH KpeTaite ochobhof apyra no 
AaTOJ npaBOJ, a^ ^h jeAHa iberoaa laqsa onHcajia npn tom 
Kpeiafty BJiaK \^] t. j. one? Kpyr. Ho obo McnHTHBaUie hhjc 
TemKO M3BpmHTH, no niTo je oBAe no (4) 

MN,= ± 2rSin9), h;ih noqei je 
p = ± 2r Sin 5p , 



APVrH dpiuor AwirEBApcRHii b^auhma BBiner crenEHA 303 

TO J6 sa cBaxy Taqsy Bjiaxa [(>] MN, nosnaTo, na a&k;i6 
I uojiosaj ocHOBHor Rpjra je uoaHax (GjiHRa 6). IIpH toh 
HeDHTHBa&y AOSHajexo, a& h obab BJias [^] Mose nociaTE 
noKpeTaftei ocHOBHor spyra na ABa naqHHa. IIo }ejnjsom o6p- 
Taftei Tora spyra y noqeTHOn no;iosajy 6e9 BOMHi^aH»a na- 
npeA H HaTpar^ a no Apyroi nasperaftex sa 3r abcho oa 
noqersa spexafta, 3a tmi spaLaibex Haxpar aa npe^asH no- 
qeras Kp6TaH»a, jA^b&aBaRCM oa ftera jibbo onei sa 2r, h 
Ha nocAemy Bpabaaex y noqexHE no;iosaj. TaAa ce ocHoaaH 
ipyf otfpHyo jcAaHnyT oko ce6e a aeroBa xa^Ka — noicxaK 
spexafta — onncajia je bam [^]. Jep, obac, RaA ca oxbo- 
pox meexapa MN,= ^ npeecqexo ani^ncHy ocoBHny hs M 
(MiEa 5), HaAasHxo yBGK Rao jeAwy npecequy xa^Ry noqe- 
xaR Rpexaiba 0, a Rao Apyry, HOBy, xaqRy N,. H obao xo»e 
6hxh Rpexaibe h. HcnoA A&xe npaBO — mxo je cxHcao abo- 
ry6or seaRa roa jeAHaquHe (51). Ochx xora h OBAe ($HBa 
He eaxo Roxpjbaibe aero h R.iHseu>e ocHOBHor Rpyra no a&toj 
npaBOJ ; ajiu xaRO, a^ je Roxpji>au>e yBBR y hcxox cxnay a 
RiiHiaefte ce xeita no hb Aonnpe y tfesROHaqnocx Rao y npe- 
V^HHbex cjiyqajy, aero 6HBa Hsxe^y HSBecxnax rpanHiia (± 2r). 
Ilouex ce jeAHaqHHa (52), Roja npeACxaBi>a B;iaR [SJ 
CBOAi saieHOX apeAHocxH H3 (48) na 

H noqex ce noxotiy one jeAnaqsHe a&jq S^ ap^o ^aRo no- 
expoJHXH sa nosnaxo 9> h (> — a odoje je yaea nosnaxo, 
no mxo je B;iaR [(>] Rpyr no;iynpeqHHRa r — xo je h a^aa 
S| HaiipxaxH AM nocao. AjIh oaaRBHX i^pxaftex BJiaaa [S^] 
noRasajiB cxo yjeAHo h jeAan hob Ha^HH iipxaH»a Gi s s old e-e. 
Taj ce Ha^HH cacxoJH y oaoxe. Y joahox apyry xpe6a no- 
By}iH npe^HBR. JoAHa apaJBa xaqaa xora npeMHHRa 6Hlie 
HoqexaR Gissoide-e. EaA ce npoAysH npeao xe xaqae 



304 



4PyrH npH^or A^irEBAPCKHM b^auhma BHtner CTEinEiHA 




G4miu![6. 



APyrH nPIUOr A4rE6APCKIIM B4AqHMA BBHIEr CTEnEHA 305 

noBy^eHB npe^BHR sa AjTRmj pasna Beny, OBAa be npana, 
Koja y Kpajftoj xaqsH npoAysefta ctojh ynpaBHO Ha npaBait 
ipe^wiKa, 61TH acHMTOTa Gissoide-e. A Ma Boja laqsa 
Cissoide-e AO((iija ce, RaA ce h3 &eHor no^eTBa noByio le- 
THsa y Kpyry, na ce sa thm y Rpaj&oj xaqsH TeTiBe noByqe 
AHpsa Ha Kpyr a y no^eTRy Gi ssoide-e noBy^e ynpaBHa Ha 
TexHBy, oH^a Le ce one ABe npase cehH y jeAHOJ xa^RH Gis- 
s i d e-e. Ha xaj Ha^HH HOseMO nahH cne laiRe xoie BAaRy 
(cjuiRa 5). 

noMohy BAaRa [(>] MoseMo noBytiH na B;iaR [SJ t. j. 
Ha Gissoide-y, y na Rojoj laqRH n AnpRy. Jep RaRo je 
cy($TaHreHTa na Roje xa^Re BJiaRa [SJ 

^' ~^^'^ dS/ 
xo AH^epeHiiHpaH>eM jeAHa^Hne (52) HajiasHMO (sa snaR BHme) 

dy) _ Gosy) 

dS, ~ 2rtgy[l+(Gos9))*] ' 

a saHenox one BpeAHOcxH h one hb jeAHa^Hne (52) 

^^ l+(Gos9))« '"•"" 

^ :>_ rtg5pSin9t) . rSin 2 5P 
' - r[l+(Gos9))*]-- 

A saie&yjyhH OBAe BpeAHOCxH h3 jeAHa^HHa (52), (47) h 

/n M 1 + Cos 2w 

(Cosy))"— ' — ^, Hajia3HM0 na nocjiexRy 



3r+rGo8 29t)' 



a H3 OBe jOAHa^HHe HHje xemRo reoxexpHCRH nocxpojHXH 
AHpRy 3a cBaRy xa^Ry BAaRa [S^] x. j. Gissoide-e, no 

r4ACHui LXIX. 30 



306 4PvrH nPH4or A^rEBAPCKUM b.iaU(ima BumEr gteoeha 

mTO je CRaRoj terboj xaqKH aero HakH OAroBapajyliy la^Ey 
BAana [(>]. 

nocTpojy BAasa [S»] no mio je oh Kpyr, kojh ce 
noRAana ca BAaROH [^] Hena ce mxa roBopHiH. (GAHRa 5). 

3. 

u = i;\p = 459. 

JeAHaqHHa BAaRa. 3aMeH>yjyliH n = 4 y jeAHa^HHe 

(11) HaAaSHMO 

X = r Cotg 99 (1 — Cos 49?) ( 

y =r(l — Cos49?) } ' ' * 



(54) 



a y jeAHaqHHH (12) 

, r(l — Cos4y) 



155) 



JeAHaqHHe(54) npeACxaBAajyjeAHaqHHeBAa- 
Ra y npaBoyiAOM ROopAHHaiHOM CHCxeMy; ajeA- 
HaqHHa (55) ynoAapHOHROopABHaTHOM CHCxeHy. 
JeAHaiHHe (54) AOBOAe ce na jeAHy aAretfapcRy jeAHa- 
MHHy Ha CAHMaH HaqHH npel^amftUH cAyqajeBHMa, jep RaRO 
je H3 xpHroHOMexpHJe 

Cos 49) = 1 — 8 (Sin if) H 8 (Sin y)^ 
xo saneftyjytiH BpeAHOCXH h3 (14) n (15) HaAasHMO 



Cos 4g? = 1 r-T^ 






a 3aMeH>yjyliH OBy BpeAHocx 3a Cos 499 y jeAHaqsne (54) 
HaAasBMO RBaApHpa&eM h cyMiipaH>eM xaRO AO^HBensx jeAHa- 
MHHa jeAHy aAretfapcRy jeAHaqHHy 

y«(x*+yY=(8rx*yy (56) 



4PyrH npHior xarEBAPCKHM b4\uhma enniEr cTEnEHA 307 

OBa jeAHaqHHa 10-Tor cienena, Koja Tpe6a Ah npeA- 

ciaBAa B.iaK y obom cjiy^ajy, cacraBAena je hs jeAnaqaHe 

8-Mor cTenena 

(x«+yT=(8rx*yr (57) 

H y*=0 

Ila KaKo H y obom wy^iajy Kao h TaMo , TAe je 9) = i/;, 
jeAHa^HHa (57) h y*=0 He Mory nocrojaTH y hcto BpeMe; 
H saso ce oro pemeaa y'^ HeMaHo MHMe sa^aBHiH, to 
LeMO yaeTH, a* J<b B^aK y obom Myqajy npeAcraBAen caMo 
jeAHaqHHOM (57), h no tomo je a^re^apcsH h 8-Mor 
CTeneHa. H idto ce jeAHa^HHa (57) ne MOfta, saA ce y 
ftoj Ha MecTo X E y ciaBH — x, — y KaaeMo, a^ je B;iaK 

H Ca AOHTpOM. 

Ilpeipec jeAfia^HHe (57) noMoby ^. HcnHTHBafte 
OBora B^iana noMoby &eroBe jeAHaqHHe (57) na c^OAeLn Ha- 
^BH, Bp;io je HHTepecaHTHo. 

Ha jeAHaqHHe (57) cjbOAyje, EaA cxaBHMO 

x'+y*=(>' (58) 

Aa je ^^=±8rx*y (59) 

a H3 o(5e jeAHaqHHe p*— ± 8r x* |/p*— x*, bath 

OBa joAHa^HHa 6-Tor CTonena cboah ce saMenoM 
x*=z, x*=z\ x'=z' 
fla jOAHa^HHy 3-ter cxeneHa 



308 4Pym nPiUOr AJrEBAPOKUM BwIAUHMA BHIUEr OTEnEHA 

a OBa onei saveHOM 

Ha MeAeby laRBy jeAHa^SHy 

"■-T"-W + (^)'=» W- 

Koja ce lose pemBTH. IIpH tomg je HysHO HCUHTaiH npe 
npe CBera speAHOCT Hspasy 

-J- 4" ^ ^ ^ (h3 KapAanoBe oopMyjie> 

TAe Tp6($a CTaBHTH npoHa jeAauHH (60) 

EaA HSBpniHHo OBy saMesy, Haj9ia3HMO a& J6 

T + r7 = TOW-*Wl . 

n caAa BpoAHOCT je obomo Hspasy 
a.y paBHa Hy^H, saA je 

a.y ^ = 0y T. j. 3a noqeTaR RpeTa&a, h RaA je^ 
/J., 27p*— 4(8r)»=0, h^h 



4t>yra nptuor AvirsBAPCKHM baauhma BHmEr OTsnAHA 309 

y OBOi noMeAKeH Cdyqajy no mro jeAHa<iHHa (60) saie- 

I6i 
9 



1 C- 

aoi BpeAHOCTH 3a (>= ±-5-1/3 npejiasH y 



«' 16(8r)\ ■ 2(4)'.(8r)*_ 
" 3(27)»''''" (27)* "■" 



aajiasiMO tbeHe Bopene 



8(8r)» 4(81)' 

• 81 >^*^^*- 81 ' 

a saieHOM obhx BpeAHocTH y 

, e' ,4 (8r)* 

lajiasHio OAFOBapajybe speAHOCTH z, 

4(8r)« 8(8r)* 

H Ha noueiKy no mTo je x = |/z , najasHMo 
x,= ±-g-j/^ yo(5paxeHo, h 

x,= x,= ± -Q-K 2 T. 1. ABC jeABaue, CTsapne, a cynpoTHO 

oanaqeHe BpeAHOCTH. 

A saso je jom hb jeAnainne (68), y=V/(j*— x*, to 
najiasHio saiieftyjytiH obao salieBe BpeAHOCTH sa x, 

_ 4 (8r) _ 32r 
y,— =F 9 — T 9 

. 16r 

y.= y.= ±-Q- 



310 4P>'rii npHwior AarEUAPCKHM b.iauhma BHiuEr ctehbha 

y OBOM CJiy^ajy na^iasHMO a^kjib mbthph ABorytfe la^Be 
B^iaBy (57), Boje ^ese CHueTpiiMHO npeia anuHCHOj h op- 

AHHaXHOJ OCaBHHH. 

b., nosHTHBHa, KaA je 

^ . 16r ,- 

Ta^a HajiasHHO sa z xps bpoahocth HSMe^y eojhx je caxo 
jeAHa CTBapfla, a 3a a; mecT bp6ahocth, no ipn jeAHase a 
cynpoTHo 03HaqeHe 

c, HeraTHBHa, KaA je 



e<±^V3 



TaAa Ha^asHHo sa z ipH CTBapne BpeAHOCiB, a 3a a; mecT 
BpeAHOCTH, no xpH jcAHaBe b cynpoTHO osHa^ene. 

A^H RaBO jeAHaquna (68) npeACiaBiba jeAan Bpys^an 
m&p, a jeAHaqBHa (59) jeAan qHTaB cHcrei B^aBOBa mecror 
cieneHa, 36or npoMeHji>HBocTM (>, to nocTanaB BAasa, npeA- 
CTaBji>eH jeAHaqanoH (57), MoseMo npoxyHaqHTB npeceAHHa 
BpyroBa hs Bpyainor mapa ca OAroBapajyliHN B^iai^DHa me- 
cror CTenesa h3 cHcieMa obex B;iaKOBa. A npece^ne Ta^Be 
H3Me^y jeAHor Bpyra h OAroBapajylier BJiaBa mecTor cienena, 
3a HCTO Qj onpeAej>eHe cy, no oito ce x noMoby vii z Moase 
onpOAeAHTH, fl noAflFHyTe opAMaie y xaBo AotfiBenHM an- 
i^Hcaia X AO npeceBa ca OAroBapajyIiMM Rpyron, A&jy Taqse 
BJiaBa (57), Taso a^kji^, a^ opAflHaxe y 3a xe xaqse nnje 
HHEaBOHy»Bo HsnaMSHXH, npeMAa 6h hx hs y = ±1/^* — x% 
Kojy jeAHa^HHy najiasBMo bs (58). mopjih ^aBo saLH, BaA je 
X onpeAejLeHO. 



ApyrH npiLior a^ifebapckhm b^iauuma BHniEr cteheha 311 

H KaA OBo reoMeipHCKO xyMaqeae nocrafta Bjiana (57) 
npeneceMO h 3a na^eHe BpeAHocTH 

OHAa HaAasHMO 

a., Aft ce 3a BpeAHOCx 



Kpyr AOAHpyJ^ 3a OAroBapajytHM BJiaKOM mecior cTeaeaa ; 
b., Aft 3a BpeAHOCT 

He nocTOJH npeceK Hsiel^y KpyroBa h OAroBapajyhHX BJia- 

KOBa mecTor creneHa, AaK^©, Aa JB ciBapna BpeAHOCi z^ Kojy 

Ha^asHMO sa laj c^y^aj, HeraTHBHa, no mio x Mopa 6hth 

yo6pa»eHo (hjih y KpaJH>eM cjiy^ajy OAroBapajyhe y Mopa 
6hth yo6paac6Ho); 

C, AA 3a BpeAHOCT 

nocTOJH npeceR HSMet^y RpyroBa h3 spysHor mftpa h oafo- 
BapajyliHX BJiaROBa mecior CTeneHa h3 CHCieHa obex B.ia- 
KOBa H TO caMO y abb Taqse, a^kaq oa Tpn cTBapne BpeA- 
HOCTHy Boje y OBOM Cjiy^ajy Ha;ia3HM0 3a z, jeAHa Mopa 6hth 
HeraTHBHa, Baso 6h ao6hjih caHo abb pa3AH^He ciBapHe 
BpeAnocTH X, Koje 6h OAroBapajie npece^HHn laqsaiia (h^h 
y RpaJH>eH c;iyMajy JeAHa BpeAHOCT y nopa 6hth yodpaa^ena). 



3 1.2 APyrH nPIUOr A4rEBAPCRH»i aiAUHMA BHQIEr CTEOEHA 

npexpec jeAHa^HHe (57) nenocpeAHO. Aro 
FcnHTBBa&e baslkh npeAjsieHO HonocpeAHO ca &eroBOM jeA- 
HaqBHOM (57) t. j. 

(x*+yV=±8rx«y, 

OHAa xpe^a Hajnpe a& noAHrHeMO aqbj crpany na crenen 

y^+2xV+x*=±8rx*y (61) 

OBa jeAHa^HHa l-xor CTenena cboah ee Ha jeAna^HHy 
3-ter creneBa 

z*+xV— rV=0, 

a OBa ouei saMeBOM z = v — ^ Ba jeABa^HHy Hcxor cxenena 

Boja ce Hose pemHiH. IIpH xoMe saA HcnnxaMO BpeAHOCx 
Bspasy (h3 KapAanoBe oopiy^e) 

4+27 108^"^^^ "^ 



Ha^asBMo, Aa je 

a., paaaB ByAH, KaA je 

X 



= 0, x = ±|V3(') 



( ) KaA ce BpeAHOCT napaay 1 — - Haname osaKO : 

<i* p' X* 

y + ^= j^^[(2x»-27rV-(2x*)'], na ce cxaBH =0, oHAa je 

x=z=0, H (2x*— 27r*)*— (2x*)*=0. h^h 2x*— 27r*= + 2x*; a m3 
OBe jeAHa^HHe cjbeAyje : 2x* — 27r*=-f-2x* HeMoryhHocx, no 
mxo r HHJe =0; h 2x* — 27r*tf= — 2x* BioryhHOCT, no mro je 

3r ^— 

x = + — 1/3 [to je jeAan cjynaj, Aa ce npH H3BJiaqeH>y KeaApax- 

Hor KOpena Mopajy y onmxe yaexH o6a auaKa (+)]. 



APyPH nPHjlOr AwirEBAPCKHM B^AUUMA BHIDEr CTEnEUA 313 

b., H e r a T H B fl e, KEA je 

Ta^a na^asHHO 3a i; ipH CTBapne BpeAHOCTH; h 
c, nosHTHBHa, RaA je 

Ta^a Ha;ia3HK0 sa v cavo jeAHy CTBapny BpeAHoer. 

SaA cy HaM nosHaie BpeAHocTH v, OHAa loxeHO Hahe 
BpeAHOCTH z, na ea no&/ieTEy h y, jep je sa rop&H aiaK 
jeAHavHHe (61) 

y.= |/z,- iA;- |/z, _ 

a. sa AOKH je snaK HCie jeAHa^HHe 

y.= -V/z.+ l/^+V/z. ( , gg 

y,= |/z_-l/z.+ l/z^ 

y^=p/z.+ i/z;-i/z. ' 



(62) 



TaEO sa My^aj, na^ je 



3r, 



^ + ^ = 0, AaE.ex = ±fl/3 

Ha^asiio sa v Ase CTBapHe speAHocTH 

9r* 9r* 

^,= -2-' ^*='"»=--^> 



314 4PyrH nPH.ior AwIfebapckhm b.iauhma BMinEr cteoeha 

a 3a 2r onex OBe ciBapne BpeAHOcxH 

_ 9r^ _ __9r^ 
Z|— ^ 9 h—^9— 2 ' 

H Ha noMeiKy noMofcy jeAHaqHaa (62) h (63) 

Y(i^2) = ±-o-(l±l^— 2) yotJpaaene, 

Y(3, 4j=q:y oBecTBapHe, jeAHaKe, a cynpox- 

Ho osHa^ene BpeAHOcxH. EaA noxpaa^HMO reoMexpHJcso sna- 
qeae obom pemefty, x. j. KaA je 

4^27 ^' 

OHAa HaJia3HM0, A^ S^ BpOAHOCXB 

-i.3r,/- 3r 

x = ±-2-K3, y = TY. 

Koje OAroBapajy xom cjiy^ajy, Ha;ia3HM0 xaqEe Biiany (61) ca Bep- 

^3r 
XHiMWHHM AHpKaMa X. J. A^ cy opAHHaxe y =s q: — npoAyatene, 

y Hcxo Bpene h, ahpk6 y xhm xaqsaMa B.iaEa. Obo BpeA- 
HocxH Mory ce mko h reoMexpnjcKH nocxpoJHxn. 

IIpeMa xoMe, era sa 

x>±iV3 

HaAa3BMo 3a v, na h 3a z, xpn pa3^HqHe cxBapne BpeAHo- 
cxH, Mopa 6ap jeAHa 6hxh HeraxHBna, Aa 6e npeiia jeAHa- 
qanaMa (62) h (63) 6h.io y yoCipaateHo, no mxo 3a xa- 



Apyra npiuor a^ifebapckhm b.iauhma BHiuEr cTEnEHA 3 1 5 

KBe BpeAHOCTH X He yoseio naliH hu jeAey cTBapHy laqny 
BJiaRa (61); a sa^ sa 



Ha^asHMo jeAHy cTeapHy epeAHOCT v, na j^slkaq h -?, a ABe 
yotfpaatene KOHJyroBaHe BpeAHocTH, OHAa npeMa jeAHawHaia 
(62) H (63) HaAasHMo no Ase ciBapne a no abb yotfpaa^ene 
BpeAHOCTH y, AAKJiB CBera ocan xa^asa BAaRy (61). Obao 
je OHaj oco6eHH wy^aj pemaBaaa jeAHa^HHa leiBpior cie- 
nena, noMohy jeAHaqHHa xpeber cieneHa, rAe ce ABa CTBapna 
Ropena jeAHaqflne qeiBpior CTenena jaBj^ajy y yotfpasenoM 
o6AfLJij, no mTO jeAHa^HHa xpeher cxeneHa, na Rojy ce ona 
qexBpxor cxenona cboah, HHa jeAaH cxBapaH Ropen a ABa 
yo6paseHa ROHJyroBaHa. Jep RaRo ona ABa ROHJyroBaHa yo- 
tfpasena Ropena AOJiase y ^, e y^ jeAnaqHHa (62) h (63) 
Rao cyMa, xo RaA npHHenHHO na h>hx Moivre-OB o6pa3aii 
oxnamiie yo^pasene Ro^nqHHe h xero AO($HtieHo sa y^ h y^ 
CTBapne BpeAHocxH. 

Gy6xaHreHTa h cy^nopHa^a. ^.^^nce jom 6o;be 
ynosnajiH ca BJiaROH, rojh je npeACxaBj^en jeAHaqnHOM (57) 
BJiH (55) noxpasHheia S^ h S. sa 6yAH ROJy H>eroBy xaqRy. 
IIoqeH ce jcAHaqBHa (55) xose nanHcaxH h 

(>=±4rCos5pSin2y (64) 

xo AH^epeHi^HpafteH OBe jeAHaqHHe, najiasHMo 

dp 

j^ = ±4r(2Co8 9^Cos27> — Sm5pSm29P) 

^^± ]________ 

d^ ir (2 Cos y Cos 2^ — Sin ^ Sin 2g)) 



316 APyrH npiuor a^febapckhm bwIauhma BHiUEr cteheha 
A saie&yjyibH OBe bpoahocth y jeABa^HHe (38) najiasHio 

^'^. * 4r (Cob 3y + Cos y Cos 2y) ^^^^ 

S.»±4r(Cos39)+Co8 9?Co8 29)) (66) 

06e jeABa^BHe naK thkbg cy, Aa ce S^ h S» Mory reoMexpH- 
€BH nocipoJHTH; jep KaKO ce MO»e nocTpoJHTH 

4rOos39t) = n, 

4r Cos y) = m, H 
m Cos 2y — p, 

TO ce Mose ^aBo reoieTpBCBH nocrpoJBTB b 

TAe je M = n -|- p ; a laKO bcto n 

S» = n + P* 

Ho H3He^y BpeAflocTH jeABa^BBa (65) b (66) boctojb 
npocTa CBeaa t. j. 

St = -g- > H ^" ~ "s" 

OAaB;ie ce, sa nosBaio ^, nose ^aso bbLb S^ bs So; b 
o^payTo. 

A BaA sa CBaBy la^By BAasa (55) — bojb LeHo osBa- 

^BTB COM^OABqBO [^] — BSBa^eMO St B S»y OBAa BaiiaSBMO 

jom ABB B^aBa, bojb cy npeACxaB^eBB jeABa^BBBHa (65) b 

(66), B BOJe teMO OBBB^BTB CHM^OJlBqBO [Sj], [Sn]. 



4Pyra npuvior AarsBAPciuiM BwIauhma BuiuEr otbheha 317 

A^H OBH cy MKHE a^re($apcsH, no niTO ce H>HXOBe J6A- 
HauHO Hory AOBeciH na ajtre^apcse. Taso saMeftyjyiiH y 
jeAHaqHHH (65) BpeAHocT sa (> 08 (64) h S|=>/x*+y*, 

no niTo je _ o o- > ^ BpeAHOCTH sa Cosy), Cos 25^ 

I Cos Sg)j Roje ce oxy^a n noioby no3HaTHX TpHroHOMeipH- 
CBHX odpasaiia Ha^iase, Habif hem a^re6apcRy jeAHaqiHy 

(x*+ y*)* (X*— 2y*) = ± 8rx' y' 

Kao jeAHa^HHy Bjiana [S^]. A saxeftyjyLfl y jeAHaqHHH (66) 

. /-T-i — i- . X = S. Cos w 

S«=l/x*-|-y , no niTO je _ ^ ^- h ociajie Hcre 

BpeAHOCTH 8a Cosy), Cos 2^ h Cos3y), Boje cio ebmae aa 
BJiaR[St], Hahn Leio ajiretfapcsy jeAHa^HHy 

(x*+yT=±8rx(x'-2y) 
Eao jeAHa^HHy B^aBa[Sn]. 

AcHMTOTe BAasa [SJ. IIo^eM h8 jeAHaqHne (66> 
CA^Ayje, Aa j© S^ = 00 , 8a Asa 2 Cotg 290 — tg 9) = OHAa 
BJias [S^] HHa aoHMTOxa. n Aa ($h Hanuii yrao ^, kojh OAro- 
Bapa^usHMTOTaHa, Tpe((a a^ 8aM6HHM0 BpeAHOcT aa 2 Cotg 290, 
noGJie qera na^asHio SBaApaxHy jeAHaqiny 

(Cotg 9))*= 2, H3 Koje cAeAyjeCotg90= ±>/2. 
Aah aKO Ha Mecio Cotgy craBHMO Reny BpeAHOCT ^. ^ ^ 
H Hspaaairo Cosy) ca Siny), oHAa HajiasHMO a^ j^ 

Siny)= ± -g-. 



318 APvrH nPHaor A^rEBAPCKHM b^auhma BumEr cteiieha 

H3 oBe jeAHaMHHe cACAyje, a* j^ ne caMO yro tp acHMTOia 
B4aKa [Sj] onpeAejLeH, Hero Aa ce oh MO»e JiaKO h reoie- 
TpHJCKHM nyieM Hafcn. 

Ha nouoTBy mosbmo noTpasHTH jom OACTOJa^e acHM- 
Toxa BAaKj [Sj] OA no;ia EOopAHHaiHor cHCieMa. 

IIoqeM je cyCiaHreHTa S^* BiiaBa [Sj] 

TO KaA AH^epeniiHpaMO jeAHaqany (65), no raio joj AaMO 

o6;iHK 

o _i_o Cos© Sin 2g? 

St= ± 2r ^ ^ ■ %. f — , HajiasHMO 

2 Cotg 25P — tggp 

d£ _^ (2Cotg2y — tgy)^ 



= ± 



dSt 2r [(2 Cotg 29? — tg 9?) (Cos 99 Cos 299 -f Cos 899) 

+ 2Cotg5pl; a caAa je 

S * = ± 2r Cosy Sin 2 99 



Ha noqeM je aa acHMToie Cotg 99= ±1/2, TonoMoLy 
OBe jeAHaqHHe h nosHaTHX jeAHanHHa hs xpHroHOMeTpHJe na- 

jiasHMo: Sin 99= y^-, Cosy = l/^, Sin 299= -V^ , 
OBe BpeAHocTH y noaeAftoj jeAHaiMHH 



APyrH npiuor a-ipebapckhm d^auhma BHmEr CTEnEHA 3 1 9 

T. j. OACTOjafte acHMTOTa BJiana [S^] oa Ho;ia soopAHHaTHer 
CHcrena. 

HocTpoj B;iaKOBa [^], [S^] h [S»]. Ho idto ce jeA- 
HauHa 

e = ± ^'-^^ =± 4rCos9,Sm 29, 

A&je JiaRo reoMeTpBJcEH nocxpoJETH (nao rnxo cmo nanpeA 
nosasaiiH) to h Kpiafte BJiaKa [p] ne npaBH HSRaKBe xeiHRohe. 
(CjiHKa 7). 

Ajih je BpOAHO H 0BA6 HcnHTaxH, saso 6HBa Rpeiafte 
ocHOBHor Rpyra no a^toj npaBoj, na a^ eeRa H»eroBa xana 
some onHcaiH BJiaR [p]. 

KaA paAH xora noxpasHMo BpeAHOcx sa MN, 7 obom 
uyiajy, OHAa Ha;ia3Hiio (h3 4), a^ J6 



MN,= 2rSiii250, h^h 

-ill. 

Cosy' 



MN._,j 



a noqeM ce MN, noMohy noaeA^e jeAHaqHie nose ^aRo 
nocTpoJHTH 3a CBaRy xa^Ry B^iaRa [^] to je h nojiosaj 
ocHOBHor Rpyra y cBaROM MOMeHxy Rpexafte onpeAe^ben xaRO 
Aa ce xaj Rpyr nose h Hai^pxaxH. TaAa Hajia3HiiOy a& ce 
ocHOBaH Rpyr aa CBaRy rpany BJiaRa [p], (rojhx HMa ?e- 
TspH) xopa jeAannyx oro ce6e o($pHyxH h to na ABa HaqiHa. 
TaRo Ha np. 3a ony rpany, Roja Aemm y nossxEBHoii npo- 
CTopy RoopABHaxHHX ocoBHHa, no npBOM na^HHy noRpe&e ce 
ocHOBHH Rpyr c JieBa na a^cho AoneRiie^ npaLa ce sa xhm 
Haxpar^ 'npe^iasH noqeTaR RpeTa^a h HAe na APjry crpany 
AoneR^iey na ce onex npaha y no^exaR Rpexaiba. Ha c^bi(h 8. 
noJiosaJH ocHOBHor Rpyra sa xa^Re I^ II, III, h IY, BJiaRa 



3 JO Aiyni nPH4or a-ifebapckhm b.iauiima BHUiEr cTEnEHA 




Cjima 7. 



4Pyrii nPiLiur A.irGr>\pcKiiM b.i.\i;iima BUUiBr cteiieha 



321 




C.iiKa 8. 



rjACiinu LXIX« 



?» 



322 APyrM nPH^Or A-irEBAPCKHM B.IAUHMA BMmEr CTEnLHA 

[^] o({e;ie»eHH cy ca 1, 2, 3 h 4. A no ApyroM Ha^iiHy 
noKpeie ce ocHOBaH spyr onei c Jiesa na AecHo oa no^eiEa 
Kpexafta AoneRJie h Bpaiia ce naTpar y no^eiaH no;iosiaj. 
Ha CASLUfL 8 OBH nojioatajn ocHOBHor Epyra sa xaqse Bjiana 
[()] I, II, III H IV o6ejie»eHH cy ca 1*, 2*, 3* m 4*. 
IIpB xaRBOM RpeTaH>y A^R^e ocHOBHor Rpyra Mopa nop^A 
EOTp^bafta 6HTn h KAinsieihe h to ROTp;baB>e jeAHor naqHHa 
Rpexaite cynporao EOxpAaifcy Apyror naqHHa Epeiaita xora 
Epyra. 06a Eoxp;baH>a osBa^ena cy na c;ihiih 8 cxpe^iHiiaiia. 
IIocxpojaBaH>6 BJiaEOBa [SJ h [S.] xaEo^e He npaBH 
xemEoLe, no mxo noiohy jeAHa?HHa (65) h (66) MosEeiio 
3a CBaEy xa^Ry BJiaEy [q] naiiH reoMexpncEHM nyxen S^ h So, 
Rao mxo CMO nanpeA noEasajiH. 06a cy BJiaEa odHaqena h 
Ha c^Hi^H 7 ca [S^\ [Sn]. 

BeorpaA 



JIetap J. TKhbhobhtv 
iipo4>ecop. 



CKyn CPnCKOrA YHEHOr APVUiTBA 

29 ^GKeMSpa 1888. 
(y 8 1/2 ^aoa no noAHe, y ABopnmuB, Be^nBO niBOJ&e.) 



BhjIh cy : uoinpeAceAHHic apxniaHApHX H. Ay^Hi^* ^J^^' 
HOBH : G. jlosaHHL, J. 'Bop^eBHh, J. BomROBiiliy ceRpeiap, 
A-p M. Cnacut, C. CpeTeHOBaL, M. Ba^iipoBHt, 0. XowaH, 
Jh. Kjiepai, K. AiiKOBHi, M. %. MHJiHLeBHt, Job. PhctbL, 
BJiaABsa HflRanop, A. AjiescHL, J. ^yjoBBL, B;i. Jasmsb, 
J. neiiHli, M. Ban, Gt. BomKOBHti, A. BacnibeBBti^ Mh;i. Ah- 

AOHOBHh, n. GpoiiBOBHli, BOF. JoBaHOBBL^ 'B. MH^OBaHOBHL, 

Apar. MHjiyTBHOBBii, M. 3eieBBti, J\,. JeBKO, A-p B. BaEnt, 
J. ABaKyMOBBL, Gt. ToAopoBHi, Gb. HBaqKOBaL, A-p J. Ty- 
poMaB H M. EyjyflpHti. 

Bp, 1. 

IIoTnpeAceAHBK H. Ay^HL noMHite ry^HxaKqjiaHOBa 
OBHM pe^HMa : 

TefflEa atajiocT saAecHJia je obo name yqeno ApyniTBO 
y npomjioj h oboj ioahhh cipLy b6Ro;ihshx H>eroBHX q^a- 
HOBa noqacHHjeXy peAOBBHJex h AOiiHCHHJex aa AOMy h h3- 
Ban B>era! 

y npomjioj 1887 roAHHH npeMHnyAH cy: 

HHEanop rpyJHL y IlaKpaiiy, BJiaAHEa naEpa^Ro-Ma- 

BOHCRH, nOTOCHH ^JiaH, ^yBBH RftHKeBHHE, AapOBHT rOBOpHHR 

H njecHHE cpncEH. 



324 CKyn cpncKorx VHEHor ^pyoiTBA 

MnxaHJio HfiEHoopoBHt KaiKOB y Mockbh, aodbchh 
^^an, pycKH anaMeHHTH ny({jiHiiHCTa, mjioco*, KH>H»eBHHK h 
pHJOAHK naxpHOTa. 

JaEOB /l,HMfflHli y BHorpaAy, noqacHH qjian, Be^EH cy- 

Aail H OAJIH^HH npaBHHE. 

A-p 'Bop^e HaTOffleBBt y Hobom CaAy, AonHeBH wan, 
sac^ysaH cpncsH nOAaror h eh>hs6bhhe. 

A-p JoBan BajieHia y BnorpaAy, peAOBHH ^Jian, Bpcxaa 

^beEap H SH>HaieBHHE. 

BHAeM A^HTOH y jloHAOBy, AOHHCHH ^iJiaH , eerjiecEH 
ysopaH cBeiDTeflHE, eh>ex6bhhe e npBJaTeji» cpncEOM napoAy* 
y OBOj 1888 roAHHH: 
"Bop^e MajieTwi y BnorpaAy, peAOBHH ^^an, OA^H^an 

EH>HseBHBE H njeCHHE. 

/1,-p JocH« nan^Bii y BHorpaAy, poaobeh ^jibh^ BHme 
nyia npeAceAHHE OBora y^eaor ApymTBa, Be^HEan y npipoA- 
HHjeM Ha]fEaMa h aysTop cpncEe «Jiope. 

A-p 'Bopl^e MyraafccEH y BpoAy, AonacHH qjian h erh- 
aieBHB^ cpncEH. 

BHETop BJiaAHEa HHiBBH, no^acBH ^^an, AO({poTBop cpa- 
cEe jiaBpe XHjienAapa y CBeioj Topn. 

A-p JocH« Jepe^eE y Ilpary, aobbcbh ^;iaH, oA^fl^aH 

npaBHHE H EftHaieBHHE HemEH. 

OxHffl^iH cy Ba Apy^H CBBJei h Bory Ea ECTBBy, a Ba 
oBOMe Le cBEJeiy cbojem AJeiiflMa Bje^flo sEBJeTE. Bor a^ 

BX EpOCTE! 

CEyE ycTajaB»eM yEasa CBoje Ay(5oEO ca»ajteB>e e bo- 
mTOBaH>e npeMa BpcEflM noEOJEEitBua. 

Bp. 2. 

IIoTEpeAceABBB, OTBopajy&E CEyE, E03ApaBJi>a ecth 
OBaEO : 



CKyn cpncKOFA yqEHor 4PymTBA 325 

y^efla rocnoAO, 

IIpHJe ABHje roAHHe saAeeHBinH HeMHJiH Aora^aJH obo 
HajcrapHJe yqeno ApyniTBO He caMo y Cp({HJH, Hero y unjejiOM 
jysHOM CJioBencTBy, Roje je ct6k;io ;iHJenHx 3acjiyra sa cpn- 
CKy KBbH»eBHOCT, Hay EG H yMjeiHocTH, HpeieoH cy h Aanac 
saxHjeHHiiH roBop APyK^Hje caAp»HHe, bojhm ($h Baibajio no- 
SApaBHTH OBaj rjiaBHH yqeHH csyn. Th cy Aora^JH 6hjih no 
ftera, xaKO peliH «aTa;iHH, jep cy ra ns ocnona noipecjiH, 
CHepajyLii a^ ra ea CBHJeH yHHrnxe ! le mh je CBanaKo Ay^- 
HOCT, A& ^^ c OBora ^acHor Hjecxa a&hhc HanoMeneii h y 
HaJKpatiHM noiesHMa H3HCceM npoA r;iaBHH CRyn, thjom npnje 
mto ce HHJe cByn^ao oa 1886 r. ao Aanac. A rocnoAHH ce- 
Bpexap H3HHJeLe h hct^h y HSBeniTajy cbb nojeAHHOcrfl^ b 
TaRO he rjiaBHH cRyn i<MaTH xa^an npHJer;ieA paAH>6 h Apy- 
rnxBenora cxafta sa noxofto xpn roAHHe. 

roAHHe 1886 o({ycxaBAeHo je obo APjnixBO nenoJMAH- 
BOM Harjiomtiy HaA3opHe s^acxH, h OApe^ena My ROMHCHja a& 
nperjiOAa aeroBO cxaae h nonHrae cbo ^»m je pyROBajio. — 
3a xHJeM My je OAyaexa ApaaBna noMoi ! — Dlxa je xoMe 
npexxoAHJio, xarao je H3;ioaeHo y HSBjeraxajy, rojh je sa 
OBaj CRyn npHyroxoBAOH, a Mo»e ce Aocxa BftAJexH h hs 
ynpaBHHHJex sanncHHRa, Roje HMaxe npoA co6om. ToAHHe 
1887 oApel^eHa My je h Apyra ROMHCHJa Aa npHMH oa ynpane 
<rrBapH ApynixBene: ^AaraJHEuy, RH»HXHHi(y, apxHBy, Hayqny 
rpal^y h cBe ocxajio, m Aa xhjbm npHBpeMeno pyRyje. A ao- 
xaAamsa ynpana 6e oxnymxena! — 

To je CBe pa^eno crmoboj^ho h na npe^aii, xaRo Aa 
ynpaBH HHJe he a^ho BpeMena a^ casoBe rJiaBHH cRyn h m3- 
Hece npeAa & CBe xo, mxo jy je cHanuo! 

YnpaBa je OBora ApyniTBa paAHiia xaqno no fteroBy 
cxaxyxy h nocJioBHHRy oho mxo joj je 6ho saAaxaR h atx- 
hocx. B^enn je paA, Rao h iiho ApynixBeHH jasaH h Hcnpa- 



326 cKvn cpncKOFA. viEHor APyniTBA 

Ban. niTO je nas t8R0 nenviMne c h>hm aocTynj^eHO, yspoi^H 
cy JiHMHH, M BeL HHJecy hhrom laJHa. Oa KOJiHEe je niTeTe 
CBe TO 6hjio AoCpoM HMBHy H yweAy He caMo OBora ApymiBa, 
Hero H AP»aBe, ^Hje je, nnje noTpe({Ho AOBasHBaTH, a HMJe 
OBAJe aa to hh MJecTa, to je nocao Hcxopirje OBora ApynixBa. 
/locTa lie ($HTH mTO \kj HacnoieHyTn caio one HSMuni^beHe 
Te^erpaMe, mTO JieTJeme h3 BHorpaAa y eeKe jeBponcEo ho- 
BHHe sjiopaAO Tpy(5eiiH, KaKo je CpncKo yqeHo ApymTBo „apo- 
neBepHJio" ch;iho 6a2lto, h ynponacTH^io iiBje^e •oHAOBe, nrro 
cy My na pyKOBafty. A 3Ha ce Aa obo ApyniTBO HHJe HMa;ia 
HHTH BMa HBRaBBa 6;iara he ooHAOBa na pyR0BaH>y, ockm 
jeAHHe H cEpoMHe ApsaBHe noiotiH, Boja ce BaAH f3 Apa^aBne 
fijiaraJHHiie oa BpeMeaa ao apeMena, h HSAaje no ApyniTBe- 
BfljeM npaBHJiBMa b OA^opcEBH OA^yEaia aa Rii>B2EeBHe h na- 
y^He noTpefie. 

CpDCEo y^eno ApyniTBo paaBBBmn ce hs „/I,pyfflTBa cpn- 
CEe c^iOBecHOCTH", Eoje je yciaBOBHo ae^iHEH h yMOM h Ay- 
xoM H poAOJi>y6;beM EHeB MNxaNiiO 06peH0BNli III y roAHHH 
1841, CTyna;io je y Beae h OAp^aaa^io hx c BaywHJeM aEa- 
AeMHJaMa, b y^esHJeii h RBH^seBBBJeM ApyniTBBMa HSBaH Gp- 
({flje, npHBJiaqeiiH naatiby h cHMnaTHJe HBOCTpaHora yqeHor 
CBBJeTa Ha cpiiCEy o6flOBJBeBy AP^^HHiiy na OajiRaHCEOM no- 
jiyocTpay. PaAHJio je yBBJoE naxpHOTCEH h npoMa cpeACTBHMa 
Eoje je HMa;io, ypsAHJio je AOCTa, He oTHnajyiiH ce a^ P^AH 
OBO niTO He HAe y H>eroB nporpan. — HcTpa^BBafta h o6pa- 
^HBaH)a cpncEe BCTopBje, cpncEora jesBsa, h y onLe cpncRe 
eTHorpaoHJe, cpncEHx cxapHjex noBaua, cpncse CTape eh>h- 
aReBHOCTH fl iipEBeacEe yijeTBOCTH, cpncse cTape TproBHHe 
B oBflaHi^BJe, cpncEora h He^yaapoAHora npaaa, cpncse cia- 

TflCTHEO, B BOEBX PpaBa npBpOAHBJeX, MaTeMaTHqEHX H «HJ10- 

co^CEHJex BayEa 6bjio je no^e paAa obomo yqeaoM ApyniTBy. 
KojiBEO je AO caAa aa Tove noj^y sanpeAOBa^o b npsBpHJe- 
AHJio, Bajpe^HTMJe roBope H>eroBH ^r.iacHHi^H'' I-ra h Il-ra 



CKyn cpncKOFA y*iEHOr apvuitba 327 

ojjeAKa, BBme o^ 80 A^tfe^Hjex KH>Hra (He noMHH>yiiH Apyra 
H3iaH)a), y KOJHMa cy: Hayqee pacnpaBe, iJianuH, MOHorpu- 
^Hje H AparoiyeHa rpa^a 3a no3HaBaH>e h H3yqaBaH>e Apyni- 
TseHora, Apa^BHor h Ky;iTypHor aHBoia Hame cxape h hobo 

OTai^($£IHe, no ROJHMa HHOCipaHU nay^HHIlH, SH>H2CeBHH]tH H 

yMJeTHHiiH A03Hajy, Aa ce y CpOnjH oCpa^yjy nayKe h yMjex- 
HOcTH, iipnyliH H3 H>HX noAaxEG 3a CBOJe ciyAHJe o Cptfajii 
M cpncROM HapoAy y onfee. — Ca CBBJeM je aslhab na- 
paBHo, niTO te obo yqeno ApynixBO npoAyatnxH, AORJie roA 
ycxpaje, CBOJy paAfty na xomb noAy h y xone npaBi^y. A 
yBHJeK te ra KpHJeniixH h cbb jaqe noRpexaxH y paAftw 
RaRo Hayqne h RH>HKeBHe noxpe6e CBoje AOHOBBHe, xaRo h 
OHe ;iHJene oiyeHe, oashbh h ceMnaxHJe He caMo y MOBen- 
CROM, Hero H y HHOCxpanoM y^enoM CBHJexy, qen je ao caAa 
cycpexaHO h o($acHnaHO. 

KoJiHRO cBe xo noAH^e yrjieA cpncROM napoAy h cpn- 
CROJ RpajbeBHHH, JiaRo je noJMHXH. JaMaqflo ie obo yqeno 
ApymxBO RO^HRo AO H>era cxojn, oqyBaxH xy Mopajiny Apa- 
ruiyeHy xeROBHHy. A Ba^aAa ce neLe onex Hatn y cpncRoj 
RpaAeBHHH RaRBa ApcRa pyRa, Roja 6\\ ce AHr;ia na oBy na- 
yqny CBHJex;iy ycxanoBy Be^HRora MNXaNiia, Aa JB cbojom 
oCHJemLy pymn h aesHHe OAJinqne q^ianone AOMaLe h hho- 
cxpane BpHJe^a! — BajiaAa je obo AyroroAanifte yqeno 
ApymxBO 3ac;iyaiH;io cbojhm RH>HaeBHHjeM h HayqHHJeir pa- 
AOBHMa, Aa Ha^e 3aR0HCRe samxHxe 6apeM y HanpeAaR na 
ocHOBy HOBora seHa^bCRor ycxaBa, rojhm noqHiBe HOBa enoxa 
ycxaBHor »HBOxa y RpajbeBHHH cpncRoj, ycxana rojh ce h no 
Hayi^H fl no HCRycxny h no noxpetfana ApyraTBennjeM h ApataB- 
HfljeM, raxo Hx je o6yxBaxHo, MO»e yBpcxnxn Mei)y HajtfoAe 
jeBponcRe caBpeMene ycxaBe. C xora h CpncRO yqeno Apy^xBo 
c paAoraLy qecxHxa seMjbH xaj bojihru ycxaBHH HanpeAaR. — 

Hy H nopoA ynpaBHHa HSBJemxaja Ay»au can cuoie- 
HyxH jom H xo, RaRo je Rpd.i>eBCKa ciBesna BJiaAa nofipa- 



328 ch'yn cnncKorA yMEHor apviutda 

THJia y Apyroj aojiobhhh npom;ie roAHHe OBOMe ApyniTBy sa- 
KOHMTO npaBo H OAyaexe My ciBapn. Ajih my HHje yjeAflo 
noBpaTH;ia h ApatasHy noMoL, 6e3 Koje He 6h mopjio oncxaTH, 
jep je y AP»aBHOM tfyijeiy, kojh je saieoa l-ra jyaa 1887 
roA., 6nA2L H36pHcaHa, na je xpe^ajio AO^esaxH hobh 6yijeT. 
HHje My noBpaxHJia hh tfecn^iaxHo mxaMnafte ^rjiacHHEa** y 
Apa^asHOJ mxaMnapHJH, no CBOJ npH^HUH c xora, mxo je HMajia 
y npojeKxy, Aa jom xe roABHe HsneAe pasyMHy h npaBHwy 
xpaHcaKiiHJy HSMel^y CpncKora yqeHor ApynixBa h KpaAeBCKe 
Hay^ne anaAeMBJe, KaRo ce RH>HseBHe h nay^ne CHare, soje 
y flac jom HHJecy MHoroCpoJHe, He 6ii iiHjena^ie na nayqHOMe 
H KftHseBHOM nojbj, sao mxo cy no 3;iom VAecy, noi^HJenane 
na noiiHXH^KOM! — H xaKO ynpana oBora APynixBa h no- 
CAHJe noBpafceHora npaBa, ne HMajyLH cpeACxana, HHJe mo- 
rjia AaBaxH y mxaMiiy Hayqny rpa^y, mxo cxoJH roxona sa 
BHme ^r^iacHHKa.** 

GaBOSHa BiiaAa niije AO^enajia Aa iiSBeAe CBoj nporpaM, 
HH HapoAHa cKynmxBHa Aa 0A06pH ({ypex ; ynpana je paAHJia 
H soA Kpa^beBCKe paAHRa;iH6 B;iaAe 3a AP^aBHy noMoL Apym- 
xBy, H nam^ia je noBo^ian oabhb. A;ih RaRO hh ona nnje ao- 
^eRa;ia Aa napoAHa CRynmxHna OAo6pH 6yijex, cnmaBmn npoA 
xHJeM ca ApataBHe ynpane, xaRO je obo ApymxBO h Aa^e ocxa^o 
6e3 uoMoliH. Hajnocjie ce ynpana o6paxH«ia h eaAamftoj Rpa- 
AeBCROJ B^aAH, — H nanm^a je na AO({py BOAy h toxobocx y 
r. MHHHCxpa npocBJexe, AaBmn APynixBy npHBpeMeny noMoi, 
AOR My ce He OApeAH peAonna ; BpaxH My yjeAHO h ({ecojiaxHo 
mxaMnafte ^TjiacHHRa'' y AP^aBHOJ mxaMnapFJH. 

ninpoRy o6jeRXHBaH h npocBBJeLen norjieA OHHJex, rojh 
€j Ha Bpxy ApsaBHe ynpane, CBarAa je oa RopncxH RaRo na- 
poAHOJ onfcoj cxBapH, xaRo h rkhsh h nayitH. — 

HeRa mh je, yqena rocnoAO, Aonymxeno Aa CBpaxHM 
Bamy naatay na jeAan npnjeAJior, rojh je Me^y ocxajiHJeMa 
j^anac Ha AHennoM peAy, h rojh Ay^oRO sacMjeiia y oncxa- 



CKvn cpncKorA y«iEHor apviiitba 329 

Has OBora yqeHor h CKopo neAOCeToro^Bmfter ApyniTBa : 3a- 
KOHOM KpaibeBCRoj Hay^Hoj asaAeiiiiJH HaMHJ6H>eH ly je 
ApyrauJH no;iosHJ h saAaiaR oa AOcaAaniRera ; xe je r. mh- 
HHcrap npocBJexe saipasHo na oceoBy lora saKOHa, a& obo 
ApyniTBO HspaAH ce($H hobo ype^efte c HOBHJeH saAaTsox h 
upaBiteM CBOje paAH>e, na Aa My ce noma^e na npHJer^iCA h 
noTBpAy, a yjeAHO h MHrnAeae o kojih^hhh ApatftBne peAOBHe 
hoxoLh. 

OBaj he r^iaBHiT yqenH csyu no CBOJoj AyaieoeTH^ npaBy 
H npocBEJeieHOM pasyiy CBe to npeipecTK, oiiHJeHHTH h cBojy 
OAiiyKy HspeiiH. 

Ha nomibeTKy ^acT vh je cnoMeHyTE c tohjiom npH3Ha- 
Romhy oho mxo npaBH^HoCT jmrre, kheo BpcHoM ceKpeiapy 
OBora yqenor ApynrrBa^ r. JoBany BomsoBHtiy npHnaAa naj- 
BeLH AHo aawyre, rnxo je y noiofte Ao6a (ao otfycraBe Apym- 
TBa) „r^acHHK^ A0($HO BetiH no^ex, HSJiaseiiH ^emte c pas- 
jiHqHxoM HayTOOM caApaHHOM, h mxo Beae, Roje cy npeje 
H>eroBa ceBpexapcxBa 6H^e sanexapeHe c nay^HsjeM asaAe- 
HHJaMa, yqeHHJeM h RfttfseBHHJeM ApynixBHxa esBan Cp6Hje^ 
ypeAHO H xaqno o^ApaaBa. 

GRyn ce OAasna ca ^^aHBoo'' ! 

Bp. 3. 

HcxH o63Haftyje upoMeHe npeAceAHHRa y nojeAHHHM oa- 
<}opHxa. 3a npeAceAHHRa OA^opa oH;iojiomRo-oHJioco4»CRor 
H8a6paH je r. J. 'Bop^eBBL, na Mecxo noR. *£• Ma^exHiia. A 
OA(Jop HcxopHJCRH H ApaaBHo-npaBHH OA^y^HO je, Aft ocxane h 
^a^e AOJaROfflftM npeAceAHHR, r. H. Ay^«^> kojh je yjeAHo h 
iioxnpeAceAHHR ApymxBa, cBe Aoxjie, aor ne npo^e onaj cRyn. 

YsHMa ce na 3HaH>e. 



330 CKvn cPncKorA vMEHor apviiitba 

Bp. 4. 

CeEpexap J. BodikobhIi muTd HsBeniTaj ynpane 
GpncKora Y^eHor /[.pymiBa o KH>H»eBHOtt pa^y h HOBqanoH 
craity y roAHHaMa 1886, 87 h 88-oj, kojh tauvl: 

H 8B em TE j 

ynpaBe CpncKora y^enor ^pyniTBa o KibUHceBiiOM 

pa4y H HOBqaHOM CTaH.y y ro^HHaMa 

1886, 87 H SB-oj. 

L 

H3 HSBeniTaja ynpaBHHa 3a roA«Hy 1885 bhah ce, a^^ 
je name ApynixBo y nepHOAy: 

OA 1867 Ao 1873 (sa 7 roAHHa H3Aa^o 23 kh>. T^iac- 
HHKa (y 514 latfaEa), 

OA 1874 AO 1882 (sa 9 roAHna n3Aa;io 21 kr. Tjiac- 
HHKa (y 479 Ta6.), 

OA 1883 AO 1885 (3a 3 roAHne) H3Aa.io 19 Kit. Tjiac- 
HHKa H 1 HCTOpHJe = 20 KftHra (y 404 Ta6.); 

a OA TO A0(5a (sa 3 roAHne) HSAaJio je 2 kh>. Pjiac- 
HHKa, 67 H 68 (y 69 laiJaKa). 

CBera je AaKJie noA caAamfcOM ynpaBoi, to jecT oa no- 
^eTKa 1883 roA. sa 6 roAHHa h to HcnpeKHAanor paAa, H3a- 
in;io: 22 KitHre, y 473 TadaKa. A ochm Tora jom npe TpH ro- 
AHne HMajia je OBa ynpaBa h Hia cnpeiJbeHHX sa mTaiiny : py- 
Konnca 3a 9 KH»Hra r;iacHHRa h sa 2 KH»Hre Apyrnx H3AaH>a. 

Ho TOMe je jacHO, a* je sa BpeMe caAaniH»e ynpane, 
OA KaKo je yqeHora ApyniTBa, naJBHnie pa^eHO. 

A;iH ycpeA Tora otfn^iaTor paAa CHa^e ApyniTBo Be;iMKa 
HanacT, Roja y lajio mro ne nocTa 340Ko6Ha no Hamy kh>h- 
»t»BHy yApy»6y, a onaMO CKyn ApynixBa ne 6effle HHKaA hh 
HSBemTaBaH y ^emy je CTBap. 



CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor apvihtba 



331 



3aK0HHTH npeACTaBHHK ApyniTBa, ynpaBa, HMajia je 36or 
Tora — HH KpHBa hh Ayana — A^ h3AP»h BeAHKy 6op6y h 
M npeTpnn MHore HenpH;iHK6, ua h cane yBpeAe 3a ce h 3a 
ApynTTBO, npoTHB KOJHX je cBarAa OABaano npoxecTOBajia, 

^Ba HajomrpHJa flHTaH>a, oro kojhx ce BOAH^a paenpa, 
caAamfta je ynpaBa HacJieAH^ia oa npe^amibe, hs roAHHe 18S1 
H 82, a TO cy : xoHopapy r. BjiaAHiapa JoBaHOBHfca h o 
EoxopancsBM cooxeHHitiiMa. 

Ebo raia je y CTBapn: 

V IlHcaii q^aHBa ^jCxaTHCTHqEK nperjieA" I, r. B.^. 
JoBaflOBEb, HMao je a& npEMH 3a 38V, Ta6aBa Te CBoje 
pacnpaBe, Roja je Hsanijia y PAacHHKy 50, 51 h 52, no 
120 ABB. 3a Ta6aK, CBera 4635 ahh. 

A npBiao je laj CBOJ xoBopap oBaRO : 



1881, OA r. KyjyB^Hila, 



1882, OA r. KyjyBUHha, 



Maja 6 . . 
aBrycxa 10 
uRTo6pa 18 
AeReM^pa 26 
jaayapa 
Mapxa . 
jyHa . . 
BOBeM^pa 



yRyoBo 
1883, OA r. Ct. J[. ILoiiOBBLa, oe^pyapa 
» OA r. Job. BoniROBHLa, Maja 



CBera 



420 
700 
900 
860 
150 
250 
200 
300 



3780 

1940 

150 



5870 
4635 



KaA ce OA to cyMe 0A(5HJe ropita y .^ 

BSJiasH A& J6 BBme npBHBo: 1235 ahe. 

IlflTafte je Rano je to mofjio 6hth? Ebo RaRO. 

Tocn. KyjyHqflt RaA je npeAaBao coRpeTapcRy AyaHOCX 
r. Ct. 4.- HonoBBLy, 1 jaayapa 1883 roA. BHje ocTaBHo y 
RacB H npBe Tpn iipBBpeneBe npHSBaBBi^e oa flesaBpmeBor 



332 cKvn cpncKorA yqEHor APyinxBA 

paqjHa r. BjiaAHMHpa JoBaHOBHba (ea 480 -f 700 -f 900 
= 2020 AHH.). G Tora KaA ^AaHas 6e caB mxaiinaH, r. IIo- 
noBHk H3Aa iiHCAy 1940 ahh., ca p63epB0M CTaBji»6Hox 
Ha npHdHaHRitHy Aft ce obo CMaipa Rao npHspexeHH 
HSAaTaR, AOK ce paqyn no cBHMa npHBpeMeHHM 
npHSHaHHi^aHa KOHa^Ho He peryjumey c thm, a& 
je OHa CTpana AJsHa BpaxHTH RacH, Roja 6yA6 
BHme nsAaJia h;ih npBHH^ia. 

n no Tone caAamH>a je ynpana Hae^eAR^a oa npe^- 
fflftHX jeAHH HesaBpmeH paqya y 5720 ahh-, (oHa je Tone 
AOAa^a caMO 150 amh.), na ee xpyAHjia asl ra saBpmB h — 
saBpniHjia ra je. 

YsajiyA cy ynpasa yqeHor ApymiBa h caAaraaH ceRpe- 
Tap, H ycMeHo h nscHeHo b npeRO MHHHCTpa upocBeTe, 3 
roAHHe Tpa;RH;iH pe^ene npHBpeiieHe npH3HaHHi](e, Aft 6e ce 
JOAHOM AOROHao Taj HesaBpmeHH paqyn ns upel^amfter Ao6a 
ApymiBeHor, rojh je caAamfta ynpaBa HacjieAH^a(*). 

HajnocAe, oRTo6pa 1885, MHHHCiap npocBere (r. Ct. 
A- nonoBHh) HapoAH, Aft yiipftBa sa 10 Aaea uoTpasH oa 
o6e CTpaee nocjieAH>e o6jainH>eu>e , na aRo o6e ocTasy npn 
CBoie, Aft je Ay»Ha ({hjio joAHy 6hjio Apyry Ty»HTH cyAy. 

TaRO H 6h. TaAa ce ynpasa nocasoTOBa ca npaBHHi^Hiia, 
Rojy cxpasy Aa tysnn. Gbh peRome : ne Momeie ly^RHiH nHCAa, 
jep H e M a T e A R a 3 a ; BeL TysHie Bamer neRaAamber 6;ia- 
rajHHRa, Aft BaH Bpais npHBpeHene npH3HaHHi](e , Roje cy 
ApymiBena cBojina, a aRo to ne uo^se h;ih ne Le, neRa Bpaxs 
HOBite y Racy, a oh noc;ic neRa xpasH oa onora romo hx 
je Aao. 

(') FjeAaj o TOMO aanecHUKe AP.MUTBeHe y r.iacHHKy 59, cTp. 
88. 6p. 3 H cxp. 100, 6p. 10; — fjaOHMK 60, cxp. 25, 6p. 5; — 
r^aoHHK 62, CTp. 20, HOTupu npeTnoc.ieAH>a peAa ; — FiacHUK 63. 
CTp. 16, 6p. 3 H CTp. 18, 6p. 2 — II aanHCiiHK X, XI, Xll u XIII ca- 
CTaHha ynpaBHuor oa cenr. u okt. 1885. 



CKvn cpncKOFA vMEHor APvniTBA 333 

Ha Taj cy aa^HH ynpasa jqeHora ApjniTBa h roca. Ey- 
JyHi^Hii nocTajiH napHtfUHe cipaae. Tocn. BjiaAHiiHp, Ka^ 
ce paAHJio THM paqyHHHa y ynpaBn, Hiije HHsaA oh iipe^;- 
ceAaeao hh npHcycTBOBao, Hero CBarAa noTnpeAceAHHK r. A. 
BacfljfceBHL. A r. KyjyHpiii Ka^ je npoMenno nojioaaj, AomaB 
aa MHHHCTpa. HHJe ee ceiHO, a& npano Ap»aBHor HaA3opa 
npenece Ha HeKora cBor Ko^ery (MHHHCTpa), Hero je y CBO- 
]oj CTBapN 6i\o H Ty»aAaii h cyAHJa, le je tohho ynpany 
H ceKpeiapa ao npaja. 

3a npBy ciaBKy (420 ahh.) r. B;iaAHMflp Hnje ipaatHo 
Aa My ce noRaaie iipH8HaHHi](a, jep je npsa, na je ce Ao6pa 
cefca. A 3a Apyry (700 ahh.) h xpety (900 ahh.) noKaaao 
je aABOKai r. EyjyHpflheB npHBpeiieHe iipH3HaHHi](e xes na 
cyAy, 1 Maja 1886. 

Aa Hx je r. KyjyHijBii npeAao paHHJe ApymTBy, kho 
mio My 6effle Ay^Hoci h Kao hito hx je ynpaBa ipaaBH^ia 
OA ftera, Mecio hito mx je waneo npoA cyA, Ta 6e ce CTBap 
OAaBHO CBpmHJia. A Aa ce xaj pa^yn HHJe Morao KOHaqno 
saBpniHTfi 6ez noMenyTHX Asejy npHsnaHHiia, bhah ce h no 
TOMe, niTO je rocn. KyjyHpfc Ay«HO r. B;iaAHMHpa JoBa- 
HOBHha 3a 1600 ahh. a onaj je Rao hito cho BHAeJiH, Ay- 
saH 6ho a& BpaTH KacH caio 1235 ahh. — Fas^iHsa je 
oiyAa, HITO HHcy cbh Ta6aitH ysexH y paqyn, nixo je narpaAa 
3a xa6aK pa^ynaxa no 10 Ay^axa b;ih 117'/, AHH., a xpe6a 
no 120 ahh.^ Rao mxo MacH opu^HHajiHH sanHCHHR. 

KaA ce npeA cyAOM pemaBa;io, OHAa ce HHJe jom momo 
snaxH OA Roje cxpane Ba^ba xpasHXH joMCXBa. A h Ha mxo: 
o6e cxpane 6exy yrjieAne, HMajy n^iaxy hjih nencHJy, h cBoje 
Rybe ; ho 6enie a^lkaq onacnociH, as- iie nonaii nponacxH, Rao 
mxo H HRJe nponao. 

Ha nocjiexRy, r. B^iaAHHHp, 15 Maja 1886, uoHyAH 
ynpaBH 1216 ahh., Roja cyna RaA ce OA^HJe oa BHme npH- 
MJbeHHX 1235 AHH., neAOCxajo 19 ahh. A 3a xy cyMHiiy oa 



334 



cKvn opncKorA yqEiior 4PyinTBA 



19 AHH. Kao H 3a napHHiHe iponiKOBe y 300 awh. ('), aa 
He 6h ApyniTseHa Raca ii>eroBHM hoboaom h HaJMai^e omTebeHa 
6em, ciaBHO je na pacnojioatefte ony cyiy, Kojy ma Aa 
npHMH Kao HarpaAy sa „Hobh ciaTHCTHqwH nperjieA" y Tjiac- 
HHBy 68, KOJH ce cra uiTaiina. H thh je cse nspaBHaHO h 
HaHBpeHO ! 

4,a je xy 6hjio h JiH^He aHHMOSHocTH, a He caMO shbo 
ate^e Aa ce CTBap jcahom npeyHciH, noKaayje h to, hito je 
r. KyjynyHk Tyano nocAe r. Bji. JoBanoBHta 3a „ABory6y 
Hanjiaiy", na HsryCHBrnn ^apHH^y Ha cyAOBHMa, lyatHo ra je 
onei 36or KJieBeie; &/in hh y lOMe HHJe ycneo. 

II® FoAHHe 1882, 6 jyjia, HSAaJio je laAaniRe npeA- 
ceAHHOiTBo yqenora ApymiBa r. npo«. BHTKOBBty o6jaBy, no 
Kojoj je OH OApel^en, Aa Kao HsawanHK OBora ApyniTBa npo- 
i^JTyje, y Te^ajy ABa Jiexna Meceiia, no XpnaTCKOJ h Yrap- 
CKOj, paAH HayqHor noc^a, paAff HCTpasHBaH>a cnoneHPRa 3a 
BCTopHJy cpncKora napoAa, Y to HMe AaTO je r. BuTBOBBky 
nyxna TponiKa 1000 a^b. JRto H3aMaHi!K Aonece c nyTa Ha 
Aap, TO ce npBMa Kao roTOBo ; a^H ago B^acHHK Hmxe y 3- 
Aapje h;ih OTKynny iieny, OHAa nacTajy nperoBopn h 
n r A 6 a. 

HcTe roAHHe 1882, (AaKJie npe caAanifte ynpane) Aoneo 
je r. BrtkobbL nosHaxe BftHateBne h yieTHH^Ke CTapHne ii3 
EoMopana ca oBaROH jieruTQMaunjoH : 

,135 n. 82. — BncoKoiiefteHH rocnoAMHe! 

„KoMopaHCBa cpiiCKa upKBena onkuna, niTO jy aacTynai, 
y le^yco^HOM cnopa3yMy, npcBo rocnoACTBa Baraer noMa^a 
je Ty He Aanno ^CpncKOM YqenoM ApyniTBy" y BeorpaA more 
cxapHHe upKBene h napoAHe: cxapa nBCHa h pyRonHce, h 
CTape cpncBe BftHre nncane h niTaMnaHe, cneTe MKone, sa- 



(') y Hac HeMyBCHo be.itiKa Harpa4a aa xano Maao aABonaxcKor 
nocja. 



CKvn cpncKorA yiEHor 4PyniTBA 335 

cxaBe, H T. ;i. Ha c a q y B a H> e. — Ho niTo cy to AP^'^rn 
r^noHeHHAH MHJior HaH eapoAa cpncRor, jyHaRa maJKama y Ko- 
Hopany h okojihhh oa aaJRaAa, Te je no tomo speAHo oun- 
caTfl H cseROJiHROH cpncTBy KH>HroM caonbHTH Aa 6ap cnoNeH 
He yiHHe ; KaA net no 3;iy yAecy HapoAa naN oiyAa neciaAe, 
nocjie To^HKor h HeHaAMaraHor jyEamiBa, h wotne to^hko 
spxaBa sa cnac h c;io6oAy AOHOBHHe nan OBe. Ap^bm A^KJie, 
A& CMC Haj6oiLe y^HHHJiH, BaAa cmo, nocpeAOBa^CM BaniHH, 
Te AparoitenocTH Ha canyBaibe, nao h paAH ynoTpe6e 
KH>HaieBHe H caonheftajaBHor, 6ain „GpncR0M Y^eHOM 
ApyniTBy 6eorpaACKOM*' yCTynNilN. 

„npHHHBmn ce Tora saAaxKa, Bh CTe Han, BHcoBono- 
niTOBaHH rocnoAHHe, Kao qjian cpii. yqenor ApyniTBa otfetajifl, 
Aa hexe Hai sa OAluieTy (y HaKnaAy) Apyre iipBBH h ap- 
XHBH Hamoj ocKyAeBajyte HOBe CTBapH, c noMoty no- 
MenyTora yqeHor ApyniTBa, natfaBHTH, 

^Ymca Tora ca Ay«H0M roTOBomtiy 6eJieatHM cieAete 
HeAOCTajyte npeAMeTe: AapoxpaHH^iHHiia , neTOXJietfnima, 
jeBaH^e^e, Ka;iaJ4HJa (3a npocoopy), nocyl)e 3a BOAy h bhho, 
13 i(ejiHBaiiHX sKOHa (Bosuii, YcKpc, GnacoB a^h, Boroja- 
BJbefte, CB. CaBa, BjiaroBecT, D^BeTH, •la3apoBa cy6oTa, Yce- 
KOBaae, Ma^ia Tocno^a, BciBeAeH>e, Ca6op CoropoAH^HH, cb. 
CTeBaH), Oa 6orocjiy»6eHHX BftHra: npocTH c^yat6e- 
HUB, Ma^H TpetfflMB, ^ac^iOBaii bojihrh m Ha^iH, ncaJiTHp Ma^H, 
TpHOA nocHH H iiBeTHH. Oa OAea^Aa: CTuxap, 1 nap na- 
pyBBHua, enHTpaxH^b, nojac h <tejioH y iipnoM, Oa cbctob- 
HHX BH»Hra: Ae^a HHTponoJiiiTa MexaHJia, XpHmtiaHCRH 
BecHHE OA nponi;iHX roAHHa, hbro^hro rom. nncMapHija, Ho- 
MORaHOH OA FysR^Hlia, HeROJiRRo ROM. cpncRHX 6yRBapa, 
HeRo;iHRo Ma^iHX RaTHxnanca, h jeAan ^AymeBHH AneBHHR", 
— c Mo;i6oM, Aa HaM hx no o6eliaH»y noMaTH AyCaa DMaTe. 

^IIpH Rpajy, HaR;ioHOCTH h npHJaTe.i>CTBy BameM npe- 
nopyqen, jecan 



336 CKVii cpncKOFA yqEHor 4pyEnTBA 

,y KoMopany, y HameM npaBOMaBHOM napoxHJcKOM 
AOMy, Ha AaH AHApHje CipaTH^aia, 19 (31) aBrycTa 1882 
roAMHe. 

(M. n.) 

Bam HCKpeHH jepej 

BjiaAHMHp FaKHi c. p. 36e}KaHHH, 

npaeocjiaBHH CReheHUK ii napox 

KOMOpaHCKH U t)ypCKH. 

^rocii. r. BuTKOBHky, npo*ecopy y BeorpaAy." 

y3 TO HAe H ciiHcaK ciapHHa uoaaHHX yqenoMe ApynixBy. 

Mel)y THM r. BhtkobhIi AonaAe neBHAOBHe 6eAe, h3 
Roje noc;ie neKor BptieHa Hsal^e ^hct h HeBHs. 

3a TO Bpeie nHxaxy KoMopanuH: Je jih y^eno Apy- 
mTBo npHMHJio cTapHHO M mxa je ca o6ehaHHM y3AapJ6H? 
niTa BHme, nona je nHcao h cpn. MHHHCTpy npocBexe, 30 
Maja 1883, MOJietH ra, „Aa Ha ocHony HSJioaieHor Hyatne 
nope npoAyseTH 6jiaroH3Bo;iH, naico 6h itpKBOHa onmTHHa 
OBa: h;ih ao Ha qyBaH>e npoAaHe CBOJHHe AoniAa 
H/IN uaR o6e)iaHy joj naKHaAy npHMHTH Morjia.'' 

CBeniTeHHK PaKHfc hsbhhho ce aa caojy npenarAeHocT 
KOA r. BHTKOBHta HHCMOM CBoJHM OA 22 jyHa 1883, a koa 
MHHHCTpa HHCMOM OA 27 jyjia HCTe roAHHe. 

Yqeno ApyxnTBo hphmbbhih nanpoA noMeHyTe CTa- 
pnne itOHH^o je, a^ 6e Tpa^ena OTKynna nens, sa H»eroBy 
Kacy 6Hjia ocoTna; c Tora je Hamjio sa Ao6po, a^ho- 
AOJiH TopoT ca HapoAHHM MysojeM. Oaaj yae yMOT- 
HHqRe cTapHHO, a yqoHO Apy^TBO saApsa sftnaieBHe. A caaBH 
3aB0A A^Ae HO 720 ahh. y hmo OTKynne nane. H niTa je 
npHAuqHHJe 6hjio, Hero a^ o6a aaaoAa npoAaAy noBite (720 
H 720 = 1440 AHH.) r. BHTKOBHty, icao noBepeHHsy o6ejy 
CTpana, m cbom h ROMopaHcse onniTHHe, a^ Ha6aBH xpasene 
CTBapH, na Aa hx npeso namer MHHHCTapcTBa cnoiLamftHx 



CKvn cpncKOFA yqEHor ^pvidtba 337 

uoMOBa n cpncKora r.i. KOHcyjicTsa y BjAaneniTH noin^be y 
KoMopan, Koje je r. BHTKOBiii, y Bame Maxosa h yqHHHo. 

C noqexKa 1884 6hao je n flpenncEo, »Aa wpaiiH h 
cpeAH»H KpcT sa Ha xpneay lory 6flTH h oa Apseia, caiio 
Hesa cy npaBOCjiaBHor cthlm.'^ A xaRo hcto h 3aBeca na 
aapcKHM ABepHMa, KaBBe Be.iHqHne h 6oje Aa 6yAe, Kao h 
Aa ce nom^y 2 bfljiHMa h t. a- 

TeK 20 MapTa (1 anp.) 1884 noqnfte r. PaKut pe- 
sjiaMOBaxH cxapHHe, mxo h6 6eme MHore cxBapH oa 

yDAd'PJA UpHMHO, OA KOJHX Cy My HCKe 3a XHM HaSHaAHO 

nocJiaHe. — K xoiie npHAO^e join Hemxo. Ma^apcKa HayqHa 
anaAeMBJa 6eine noc^ajia jeAHora CBor q^iana y EoMopaH, a& 
xpaatH caoMeHBKe o yrap. KpaA. IIIaJKaraflMa. Osaj qyje, a^ 
cy HeKH xaKH cnoMenBiiH OAflexH y BeorpaA. AKaAeiiHJa ce 
o6paTfl CBOMe MBHHcxpy npocBexe, OBaj npaBocjiaBHOM BJia- 
AHiiH 6yAHMCK0M, a 6hjio je nHxaaa o xom h y napjiaiieHxy. 
CpncBO yqeno ApynixBo paAH^io je y xoj cxBapn bona 
fide. Hflje xo npBH nyx, Aa cmo mh h3 YrapcBe AO^HBa^R 
cuoMeHBKe KOJH ce xHqy cpncKe HcxopHJe, na nnje hhko npo- 
xecxoBao. J YrapcKOJ neia saKOHa, Kao na np. y AycxpHJH, 
Aa ce crapHHe He CMejy hshochth b3 3eMAe. YnpaBa je yqe- 
Hora ApymxBa Ao6HJia xe cxapHHe oa anxoBa saBOHHxor 
BJiacHHKa, OA cpncKC iipKBene onrnxBHe y KoMopaHy, Kao 
^ycxyDAene*, „Ha caqyBafte** h pa ah ynoxpe6e KH)H»eBHe 
R o(SHapoAOBaH>a; ona je BajeAHO ca HapoAHiiM Hyse- 
jeM 3a KHX A^-^a HaKHaAy; KOMopancKa onmxHHa nasHBa 
xe cxapHHe cbojom „cbojhhom*, a ko Hiia npaBo CBOJHHe, 
xaj CMe ROMe h pacno^iaraxH. Ha cacxaHKy ynpane oa 14 
♦e6pyapa 1886, 6p. 5, KOMopancKa onmxHHa xpa»H, Aa joj 
ce noniAe h ocxaxaK ApynixBeHHX H3Aafta, Koje joni HHJe 
npHMH^ia (Kao y3Aapje). YnpaBa je npnpeAHJia h H3Jio«6y 
XHX cxapHHa, y ABopHHUH Be^iHBe IIlKOJie (24 — 26 anpwjia 
1883); mxaMnajia hx je y 67 KftH3H T^iacHHKa, (46 xa- 

r44CHHK LXIX. SS 



338 CKvn CPncKorA y^EHor APyuiTBA 

6aKa), ca 11 CJiHRa Ha 6 Ta6jiHna, u roBopH o ibHMa y He- 
KOJiHBo CBOJHX sanHCHHBa. Hnje ce AB,KAe HHrnia RpH;io. niTa 
BHffle r. BHTKOBBt je 1885 na hobo cjiax y YrapcKy, paAH 
HCTpasHBafta iiCTopHjcKHX cnoHeHHBa H Ha seHajbCRy h3- 
A07B,6j. (Ha oBy noc^eARy nocAaTB cy joni h r, r. M. Baji- 

TpOBflt H A. MHJiyTHHOBHt.) 

A mTo caA r. Jama HraaTOBBli, Kao nyHOMoliHHE on- 
mxEHe KOHopaHCKe, xpasH Aa ce npaie cnoM6HHi(H, Koje je 
peqena onniTHHa npeAa^ia r. BHTKOBHty, a oBaj jeAHe (bh»h- 
ateBHe) yqenoie ApyniTBy, a Apyre (yieTHH^Ke) napoAHOM 
Myaejy y BeorpaAy, ynpana, HSJioaiHBmH B^nhe no aRTHMa b 
npexa npasoiie CTaH>y cxBapH npeA^ase, Aa cRyn hsboah pe- 
niHTH, Aa ce nynoMobBHRy HanpeA HS^ioseHO caonnrrH c obhm 
OAroBopoM : HeRa cpncRa i^pRBena onmTHHa y Koiopany, bjih 
OHaj RoJH 3a ftOM CTOJH, cpncEOM yqenoM ApyniTBy b napoA- 
HOM Myaejy Rao AP«aoiiHiia bona fide, hoamhph e^eRXHBHo 
HSAany ^HaBnaAy" 3a noMenyxe cxapHHe, y 1440 AHHapa 
(720 -|- 720), na te joj ce Hcxe oAMax BpaxHXH, 

y^eHO ApymxBO H BapoAHH iiysej oaxobophh cy cojih- 
AapHo 3a noMenyxo Aanafte naRHaAe, a ne y^eno ApymxBO 
jecx, a Hysej HBJe. Upena hsjiosohoh hbr cxa&y cxBapn, sa 
xe 3aB0Ae He 6enie HHRaRBe onacHocxn y xoMe, 3a xo ohh 
HBcy 6hjih hh Aya^HB Aa xpaate JeMcxBo sa nixexy/ C xora 
BeMame xecxa ohoj xaRXHKB BBRaAaniftera H0CB0i(a HaASopae 
BJiacxH: IIpe^aniH>a je ynpana asAa^a aa pa^yn xoHopapa 
AOXHqHOMe HBci^y BBme oa XBji>aAy AHflapa, a caAamH>a BeRa 
„noxpaffiB jeMcxBa** 3a to; — npeijannta je ynpasa B3AaAa 
r. BaxROBHliy nonyxHBBy Aa BAe y EoMopas no cnoMenHRe, 
a caAanifta neRa Be ocxaBJia ApyniTBO 6e3 „jeiiCTBa sa mxexy 
OA npenape.** Ha OBAa bsboabxb, a* je 3a cBe OAroBopaa 
caMO caAamH>a ynpaaa, a npe^am&a Aa aaje BHRaRO. 

Ill® ^exapxa ^3Aoynoxpe6a" xpe6ajia 6b Aa je: raxo 
je r. BacBAeBBhy B3Aaao „300 ahh. no OAJiyAB nexor oa- 



CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor 4pymTBA 339 

^opa, BOMe je ApatasHa Bjiacx OApeKJia aaKOHHiocT h Hspe- 
ROM 3a6paHH.ia apsabbj noMoli/ 

To He 6effle 1886, nero 1883. HeiH 0A(5op na cbomb 
3-tieii caciaHKy 2 anpHJia 1883 npHMHo je ^JianaK r. Bacu- 
jbeBziia »JeAHo nHTaae h3 ynopeAne ncHxoJiorHJe*' sa Pjiac- 
HHK, a ynpana, Ha cacianKy oa 7 anpiua 1883, oApeAHJia 
je 3a H) xoHopap. MaHHciap je uaK otfycxaBHo noMofe Apyni- 
TBy 36or nexor OA^opa xes 3 Maja Hcxe roA. n6p, 3230. 
MflHHCxap HHJe HHKaA HcKao OA ApynixBa, a^ yKHHe oho, nixo 
je Me^y xhm nexH OA^op OAJiy^HBao; oh je saxxenao camo, 
Aa ApynixBO CMarpa, a* nexH OA^op ne nocxoJH aohac, aok 
He Ao6B]e cpeACXBa, a ne a^ ce ysHHe; „no mxo 3a h> neiia 
HapoMxo Ha6aBJi»eHHx h^h OApe^eHHx cpeACxaBa** rjiace pe^H 
MHHHcxpoBe. ApyraxBO je na xo npacxajio, na cBOMe csyny 
OA 30 jaHyapa 1884, H na xo my je cy^BOHit^ja noBpatena. 

KaKBe xy A^K-^e HMa HenpaBH^HOcxn ? ^jianaK je npn- 
MJteH y OA^opy; ynpana je OApeAHJia 3a h» xoHopap, kojh 
je H H3AaH 3a xy oHJioco^tcKy pacnpaay mxaiinaHy y T^iac- 
HHKy. KaA r. BacHAeBHh nAanie a^ ^Hxa xaj CBOj chhc h 
y «HJioco©cKOM OA(Jopy, peKome My a* ne xpe6a, jep cy ra 
Bet jeAHOM qyjiH y nexoM OA^opy. /I,ajf»e, xaAamftH mhhh- 
cxap Hft pe^e : hh a^ je nexH OA^op ysHHyx, hhxh Aa je oho 
HesaBOHHXo, fflxo xaj OA^op Ceme Aox^ie yqnHHO. Ta je cxBap 
nponiJia h Bpo3 CKyn, kojh je HeorpanHqenfl rocnoAap y 
ApymxBeHHM cxBapnia; cenpexap nua na xe pa^yne h pa3- 
peniHHiiy. Oa 1883 ao 86 npoMOHMjia cy ce ^exHpn mhhh- 
cxpa npocBexe. Ea oxsyAa Aa ce ^exBpxH 6aBH cBprnenon 
cxBapjy ? 

To cy ^exHpH r^iaBne xaqKe,(xoHopap 3a ^JianaK „Cxa- 
xHCXHqHH nperjieA*, napHH^HH xponiKOBH, KoMopancicH cno- 
MOHHiiH H xoHopap 3a ^Hflxafte h3 ncHXOJiorflje"), ca ko- 
JHX je MHHHcxap npocBexe, Rao HaA3opHa BJiacx 23 Hapxa 
1887 Haraao 3a Ao6po AapeniH: „Aa ce AOxaAanifta ynpana 

22» 



340 CKvn cpncKorA yiEHor APvniTBA 

cpncKora yqenor ^pyniTBa paapeniH h jib, ce npoxHB cbhx ^Jia- 
HOBa ncT6, coJiHAapHO QOAHrHe rpal^ancKa napHHi^a sa neca- 
BecHO H HeRopeRTHO ynpaBjbafte ApyniTBeHOM hmobhhom ycjieA 
qera je iie^io ApyniTBo oniTeteHO.*^ (CpncRe HoBHne oa 28 
Mapxa 1887, 6p. 69). Ajih oh to HHJe y^HHEo, jep npoA 
cyAOM — RO HemTo Ra»e, xpetfa h a* AORa«e; a aRO xa 
He y^HHH, OHAa npoxHBHa cxpana HMa npaBO Aa ra xyaen sa 
R.ieBexy. Obac Bajba MiiaxH na yny jom h to, Aa ce ynpaBa 
yqenora APynixBa CBaRe roAHHe odnaBAa abojhiioii q^iaHOBa, 
xe Aa OHH, ROJB cy c no^exROM 1886 naa^paHH sa ynpanne 
qjianoBe, ne 6exy jom HHmxa pemanajiH; RaRO 6yi AaR^e h 
TH MorjiH „C0JiMAapH0* OAroBapaxBf? A naASopHa BJiacx y 
CBOie aRxy naBOAH h H>nx noHHeniie. 

Ajih npe xora ce, 1886, aofoah^o obo: 

1 Maja 1886 noAfieo je aABORax r. KyjyH^H^la Ha cyAy 
xpasene ABe npHBpeiieHe npHSHaHnite. 

2 Maja KHHHCxap npocBexe, r. KyjynuHt, xpaaiH, Aa 
My ynpaBa y poRy oa 52 qaca, OAroBopH Ha Tpn nHTaaa, 
Roja ce THqy napHniie y^enora ApyniTBa npoxBBy HerAa- 
niftera ceRpexapa h paqynonojiaraqa, r. M. KyjyHuata. Ho 
fflxo cy 3a xaRH OAroBop noxpeCna SBaHH^na aRxa, xo je 
ynpaBa — paAetn y HeAe^y — H3BecxHJia MHHHCxpa, Aa 
he OAroBopHXH Ha CBa nnxa&a, a^H mojih Aa joj ce ocxaBH 
AysH poR, Aa Mose Ao6aBHXH HSBemxaj h noxpe^na aRxa 
OA aABORaxa n cyAa. 

y Hcxo BpeMe Bhacjio nanaAHe ynpany y^eHora Apy- 
mxBa, Ha Roje y YcxaBHocxH h OAjeRy Hsa^e OAroBop „oa 
cxpane ynpane", rojh jc nanHcao xaAaraRH aesHH noxnpeA- 

CeAHHR, 

6 Maja 3BaT je ceRperap y MHHHCTapcxBo, h naqejiEBR 
npocBexe hoahoo My je 6 nnxaaa oa cxpane naASopne B^a- 



cKvn cpncKOFA yqEHor APyniTBA 341 

CTH — iie^y KOJHMa HajBamraje 6eme: je aju r. Ba. Josa- 
HOBHti Basao, A^ He npHcxajo „Aa ce Oes npH3HaHHiia pe- 
ry;iHffle" aeroB paqyn, hah je nopeKao fl,^ je npHino 
HOBa^? — fla Koja 6e nosBan a^ OAroBopn. — CeKpexap 
je OBaRO OAroBopHo: ^Fopfta nHxafta ynpaB^ena cy na Mene 
AE^EO. Ami ce iie^a la ciBap ne iH^e AumEO Mene, nero 
iiejie ynpaBe ApyniiBa. Ma boahro a^ cax BOA>aH OAroBopnTu 
HaA3opHoj BJiacTH, onei ne Mory, jep ja caM Bao ceBpeiap 
yqeHora ApyniTBa y npBOM peAy OAroBopan ohom aBTOHOi- 
Hoi leJiy, Boje Me je sa cBora ^HHOBHHEa H3a6paJio. C lora 
AaBJie, H mio Hncan oBJiamlieH a& OAroBapan sa ynpaBy, 
HRTH Aa je sacxynaH, moahm HaASopny B^acx, a^ ce hsbojih 
o6paxHXH ynpaBH y^enora ApynixBa." 

3a XHM je MHHHcxap xpa»HO npeBo peBxopa BejiHBe 
niEOJie, Aa My cespexap caMoyapaBHora Hayqnor xeJia OAro- 
BopH Bao npo^tecop, x. j. Bao AP»aBHH qHHOBHHB, na noMe- 
HyxHX 6 nHxatt>a h jom Ha Hemxo „npeMa cBOMe snafty.'' 
— CeBpexap je, h aBO 6oJiecxaH, OAMax 9 Maja, H3Me^y 
ocxajiora OAroBopno : Aa oh HHJe nncaii one OA^pane y Oa- 
jeRy HYcxaBHOcxH; a mxa je peBao r. Bi. JoBanoBili, xo 
ee Haj6ojbe Mo^e BHAexn h8 H>eroBa A^a nncMeHa oAXOBopa 
(OA *e6p. H OBX. npoifl^e roA.) Boja cy npeA mhhhcxpom. 

Ha xo je 12 Maja Hsamjio MHHBCxapcBO pemcH>e: A^ 
ce npo^ecop sa A^Jia yapane y^enora yipyraxna BasHH ry- 
(inxBOMxpoMece^Henjiaxe (y 1500 ahh.) h xa a* 
My ce OA^HJe OAMax cBa. Jom My ce npexHJio y xoMe aBxy, 
Aa be ce eBenxya^no h akaq BasftanaxH: „a otfamsa ocxajy 
Ae^a, Boja 6h ce npeMa HcnHxy BOMHCHJe y cpncROM y^enoM 
ApymxBy nojaBHJia Bao BaaftHBa." 

Ebo Tora MHHHcxapcBor penieH»a: 



342 CKvn cpiiCKorA yqEHor 4pvuitba 

Kp. cpn. MHH. upocBeie h ^pKBeHHx nocioBa. 

nBp. 4105 
12 Maja 1886, 

y BeorpaAj. 

PeETopy Be^HKe niROJie. 

YnpaBa CpncKora Y^enor ^.pyniTBa no^ejia je nuaMnaTH 
CBoje ayaitfeHe B3JaBe, y jeAHOM jiHcxy kojh HeMa HHsaKBe 
CBese HH ca nayKOM hh ca cjiyattfeHomty ('), idto CBeAO^a 
^OAJeK** (5p. 11 OA OBe roAHHe, no ioto oBaj opran h no 

CBOJOJ CaAP»HHH H HO CBOJOJ TeHAeHIlJlJH Ba^ba HMe o6jeK- 

THBHe HayKe h Ao6ap rjiac caBecHor MHHOBBHKa, no mio ^Aan 
ynpaBe r, Jonan BodikobhIi HHJe npecTao 6hth qflnoBHHB, 
no mio HHrAe BHJe noAHrao npoiecx npoiHBj ropfter ^Hna 
Ynpane CpncKora y^enor ApymiBa, no mTo nnjo xieo a* 
OAronapa na nHTa^a, Koja My je r. na^ejiHEK HHHHCTapcTBa 
c^ya^eno ywHHo, nero ce saKJiaRao sa Ynpany, h no raio 
na nonoBji>eHo nnxaiBe npeBO pesiopa BejiHBe UlROJie nnje 
XTeo AftBaxH xa^na OAXOBopa, xo je MHHflcxap npocnexe na 
ocHosy § 43 xaq. 6 n 10 saEoea o qnnoBHHiiHMa rpa^an- 
CEor peAa, pemno, a^ ce npo^ecop r. Jonan BonmoBnti sa 
OBaEBo necaBecHo nonama&e EasHH ry^HXROM xpoMe- 
ce^ne n^iaxe y Eopncx AP^aBne Eace. 

Kasna je ona nspe^ena camo sa noMenyxH ^hh, a o6a- 
niKa ocxajy j[M2l, Eoja 6h ce npema ncnnxy EOMHCHJe y Cpn- 
CEOM YqenoH /l^pyrnxny nojaBHJia Eao EasftHsa. 

OBOMe ce nsBemxaBa peExopax BejiHEe UlEOJie c npe- 
nopyEOM, A* OAMax npncxynn HSBpmefty one Easne xaEo, 



(') M.iaHaK 47 ypel)eH>a Cpnchora YqeHor ApyniTea rJaca: «no- 
cioBe CBOje o63Haifcyje ApyniTBO — iipeKO Vnpaue — ABOjaKP: Ha- 
yHHH paA y CBOMe opraHy (r.iacHHKy), a OAJyne y jaBHHM jhcto- 
BMMa H y opraHy, '^ 



CKvn cpncKorA yiEHor apvuitba 



343 



KaKO te TpoMece^iHy nJiaTy r. BoniKOBHta moIih noaaiH mh- 
HHCiapcTBy OTHaHUHje HaJAaAe ao 13 asrycTa OBe roAHne. 
HpHMHie, rocnoAHHe, TBepeae Mora oco6flTor nomTOBaaa. 

MuHUCTap 
npocBexe h upkbchex nocaoea, 

Hha. EyjyH^Hi c. p. 

Aa je npenHc OBaj Bepan oprHHa^y cBOMe noiBp^yje 

peKTop Be.iHKe UlKOje, 

(M. n.) R. AabobhL c. p. 
Bp. 319 
20 Maja 1886, 
BeorpaA. 

CpaBHHO 

rpryp HHAOBaHOBHi 

AOKau. 

Ako je Aa ce KasHH ceKpeiap sa npeciyn nyxein nnaMne, 
OH He 6eo hh Majio spHB^ KaA AORasse a^ oh HHJe uHcai( 
qjiaHKa o EOMe je pe^, a ne Aa nJiaiH rjio6e 1500 ajue. 
— Apyi'o, HHKaRas ^HHOBHHK He Mose 6hth RasH»eH 3a TO, 
HiTO He be Aa HAe iiHHHCTpy na pysy, Aa onaj nose neKora 
Ty»HTH sa „ABory6y Hanjiaiy.* — Ha nocJieiKy, npooecop 

HHJe HHHITa CRpHBHO; TO HO TBpAfl HE HHHHCTap. A HaA CO- 

RpexapoM caMoynpaBHora y^enor ApyiirrBa neHa MHHHCTap 
AHciiHnjiHHapHe Bjiacrn, nero cRyn ApyniTBa, Aa je xaRo, naj- 
6oJbe 6h ce mofjio bhaoth, RaA 6h sa ceRpeiapa nsa^pan 
6ho ^Am APyniTBa, rojh hhjo y hcto BpeMe h ApataBHn ^h- 

HOBHHR. 

1^ EpoTHB Tora pemefta MHHHCTapcRor »a;iH0 ce ceRpeiap 
27 Maja 1886, AP»aBHOMe CaBOiy h OBaj je joAHorjiacHO 
peniHO, Aa HMa MecTa saji($H. Ha to je MHHHCTap Bsme nyTa 
HOSHBan, Aa a& o6aBemTeiba, ajiH oh ce xoMe HHJe oAasnao 
sa MHTaBy roAHHy Aana. Hajnoc^ie CaseT CTane npeTHTH Aa 



344 CKvn cpncKorA VMEHor 4pymTBA 

ie pefflHTH H 6e3 aera. Y tomg ce npoiieHH BJia^a. Hobh 
MHHHCiap OTHAe y CaBei h CTsap ce pexnH thmo, mro je 
MHHHCTap npocBexe a^o y CaBexy peq, a* ^^ HSAaiH sajiH- 
ouy Apyro pemeifce. Ha thko h 6h, h npooecopy je iipateHa 
HeynyiHa woCa, 8 jyna 1887. 

10 Maja 18rf6-e. nocxaBHo je MHHHCTap napo^Hry ko- 
^HCHjy, jaMa^HO HaASopne BJiacTH (jep 3a ^HCTpa^Hy* 
BHJe BHajia noTpetfne KBajiEMKaABJe), Roja iie a^ nper^ieAa 
Kacy H apxHBy APyroTBeny, h a^ oa ceKpeiepa xpaatK 3a 
HaA3opHy B.iacT noxpeCHa oCaBemxeaa h pasjamfteiba o paAy 
ynpaBHHOM. KoMncnja xa mbame wao nenpaBHJiHO a& y))^ 
y ApynixBO, aJiH 6h ynykena Ba peA. Ona je 3a xhm no^e^ia 
BpniHXB cBoj nocao y ApymxBy 14 Maja, y npHcycxsy ceKpe- 
xapa H ynpaBHora q^ana r. C. •lo3aHHtia, na je HacxaB.f»aJia 
CBoj paA ynpaBo Kpo3 Meceii Aana. J 3anHCBBiiHiia H3;io«eHO 
je KaKO je cxBap xeKjia; obao teMO a* HcxaKHeMO caMO Baai- 
HHJe MOMeBxe xora paAa, h^h teio noMBByxH oflo, qera 
xaio HeMa. 

EoMHCHJa KaA je npBora Aana CBpmHJia nperjieAaH>e Race, 
Be HamaBDiH BBmxa mxo 6h hoijio 6hxh hoboa saKBOH OBpu- 
BiheH>y, miame a^ BpaxE KJbyn oji, cxasa sacxynsBi^HHa OBora 
ApynixBa, ajiH ohh xo He xxeAome a* npHiie, Mo;ieliH komh- 
CHjy, Aa o6e cxpane fiacy Baneqaxe, aokab h HaA3opHa B.«acx 
TO ne OAo6pH , a& oBa He 6e mxo nocyMH»ajia. H sancxa, 
KOMHCHJa MopaAe HacxaBHXH CBOJ paA! 

KoMHCHJa je (17 Maja) xpa»HJia, Aa joj ce npeAaAy 
KAyqeBH OA Race h apxHBO ApynixBone. Tora paAH 
6enie Aonejia qjiana noJiaaHJe, ABa rpa^aHHHa h aaHAape. 
Aah joj xo 6h OA^HJeno c pas^iora, Aa je ynpana Ay»Ha 
iipeAaxH RAyqene CBOMe rocnoAapy, a xo je CRyny OBora 
ApymxBa, a Hnaqe caMO jom na cyACRo m;ih saROHOAaBHO no- 
xpaaiHBaH>e. 



CKvn cpncKorA viEHor apviutba 345 

KoMflCHJa je Hanuia Aa y sacH HeAOciajy 46 AHHapa, 
ajiH TO je norpefflHO. OHa HHJe npewoAajia HcnpaBy no hc- 
npasy aotjib 3aB6A6HHx cxasaEa: a Aa je to y^HHHJia, ona 
6h Hanua, Aa jom jeAHa npHSHanjiua nMje saBeAeHa. — ^.a 
cy paqyHH 6hah HcnpaBHH, cBeAO^e: a.) MHHHCTapcsH npH- 
BpeieHH OA^op, OA 27 lapxa 1887, sa npMa&e Race, ap- 
XHBe H ocTa^or HMaH»a ApyniTBenor (rJieAaj I cacTanaK ynpa- 
BHH OA 31 Mapxa 1887 6p. 2); — 6.) CttynoM OBora ApynixBa 
H3a6paHH nperjiCAa^H pa^yna sa roAMy 1886. 

EoMncHJa je y BHme Maxa Hcsajia CTBapH hs Race h 
apxHBe ApyniTBeHe na poBepc, Aa hx ona caxa nperJieAa. 
Aae joj TO OA^Hme h ceKpeTap h ynpasa. 

EoHMCflja je sa hqao to BpeMe Tpase^a MHora o6ja- 
inH>eH»a h H3jaiiiu>eii>a, na ^ecTO h TaRa, Roja saceiiajy y ca- 
MoynpaBy ApyniTBeny, na np. RaKO ce OApeijyjy h HSAajy 
xoHopapH? Ro je napeAHO, Aa ce q^any ARcaROsy Aa na- 
pacTOc? 7 KOjiHRo je RovaAa niTaHnana 6eceAa na toj sa- 
AymnimH h no niTo? h t. a. ; ajiH sa to 6h ynyfeena na 
ypeijeae OBora ApymTBa {^mesl 36-or Ta^iRy 8), no ROMe 
je caMo CRyn ApyniTBeHH B;iacTaH Aa nocTann sa to npannjia. 

no niTo je ROHHCHJa CBpniHJia CBOJ noeao, nnje nan 
nosnaTO Aa je ona yqHHH^a MnnncTpy RaRan npeA^or Aa ce 
ynpana hjih ceRpeTap rone, hh caMO Aa ce Ty»e CRyny oBora 
ApyniTBa, a RaMO ah rphbh^ehm nyTOM. 

1 HOB. 1886 Rsamao je ochobhh saROB nay^ne aRaAe- 
MHJe. Apyra CTaBRa qjiana 31 Tora saRona rjiacn: ,,Bh6jiho- 
TeRe H sdnpRe „cpncRora yqenor ApyniTBa** — niTO hx 
je HASLE 54 ycTpojcTBa oa 29 jyjia 1864 r. nporjiacHo sa 
„cacTaBHH Aeo napoAHe (JnCJiHOTeRe h nyseja* — ycTynajy 
ce na pacnojiarafte Rp. cpn. aRaAeMHJH, naROJyoBHM 
saROHOM npe^/iase h cne noB.iacTMiie h uMaH>e Aoca- 
Aanittera „cpucRor yqenor ApyuiTBa.** 



346 cKvn cpncKorA y^EHor apvihtba 

Ajih q^aH 52 (caAanm>H 48) ype^eH>a roBopn o Huatby 
ApymTBa oBaRo: 

„B[MaH>e je OBora ApyniTBa y HOBiiy, KitHraMa n 3(5iip- 
Raxa. TpomROBB CBoje no^MBpyje ApynixBO AOxoiiHHa rojh 
My AOJiaae : a) oa noMokn AP»aBHe BJiaAe, 6) oa npHBaxHHX 
npHJiora, b) ao6htkom oa CBora eROHOMHor pyROBaaa.* 

npeMa Tone, RaA ^Jian 54 (caAamibH 50) Ra»e: „Apyni- 
TBena 6M6jiHOTeRa h 36HpRe jecy caciaBHH a^o HapoAHe (5h- 
6jiH0TeRe H Myaeja", — to je o^ieBHAHo 0ApeA(5a 3a ayqaj 
npeciaHRa oBora ApymiBa, jep 6h ce anaqe la ABa ^Jiana 
nompajia. 

A^H MHHHCTap npeA^aaee 3aR0H0AaBuy, a^^^ ce Ha aRa- 
AeMHjy npenece He caio 6H6jiHOTeRa h afinpRe, Hero h CBe 
noB^acTHite h HHaH>e y^oHora ApynixBa. 

IIpBO^ 3a niTO je MBHACiap npeAJiarao saROHOAancTBy, 
Aa npoMeHH npaBHy THxy^iy CBOJHHe? 3a hito je npeA^arao, 
Aa OHO noR^iOHH xpeteM JlH^y : Racy, (Roja je cjiyqaJHo npn- 
Baxan hor^oh oBOMe ApymxBy), apxHBy, cxoBapHmxe Apyni- 
TBennx H3AaH>a h ocxajio noRpexno iiiiaH»e y^enora ApynixBa 
3a »HBoxa fteroBa? 3a mxo Aa ce npenoce Ha Apyrora: 
a) K&Ba^eBHO 8aBemxaH>e E. XauH-FHCXKtia, 6) SftHseBHH 
«OHA MnxaHjia h Mapaje MHJiHBOJeBHiia, h b) Ji^MSL %. /l,a- 
Hu^HLa H ocxajiH chhch yqenora ApyinxBa na ARaAeMHjy, jep 
H xo cy Bpcxe cbojbhc, „HMaBe* OBora ApynixBa? Oh je mo- 
rao HOBO Hayqno ApyinxBo o(JAapBXH hobhm cpeACXBHMa, RaRO 
xobe H Hose, ajin HHJe BMao nyxa Aa pacao;iase xy^ux Hxa- 
fteii! H npoxHB xora je ynpaBa, npH npeAaJH HMa^a npn- 
BpeiieHOM OA^opy, cxaBH;ia y 3anHCHHR nHCMeny orpaAy. 

4,pyro, noienyxH ochobhh saRon aRaAeMHJe HMa HeRH 
noroBop (y EpocBexHOM 36opHHRy saRona h HapeAa6a cxp, 
45), — AO caA Hemxo Heo^HiHO y HCxopHJH nanier 3aR0H0- 
AaBCXBa. y xoM noroBopy fl3Mei)y ocxa^ora cxoJH obo: 



CKvn cpncKorA y^EHor >ipyaiTBA 347 

„A OA 13 Maja 1886 noaeAftn nyx je otfycxa- 
B.i»eHa ynpasa ApyniTeeHa MnoMob ApsaBHa, aoA 
MHBHCTapcTBa DpoeBexe OApe^ena KOMHCHja, a^ npexa cBOMe 
oBMEiliefty HcnHxa 3JioynoTpe6e y pyEOBaay (ca) Apyni- 

TBeBBM flMaB>6M.'' H — 

^SasoHOM asaAeHDJH, ^^laaoM 6 h obo ApyniTBo (t. j. 
cpncKO yqeno ApyniiBo) AO^asa noAsaKOHHTysaniTHTy 
asaAeHHje, a H>eroBO NMaH>e n cee H>eroBe HapoHNie 
nOBiiaCTNUe, na h noBJiaciHue no saRoay oa 17 jyna 1847 
roA. B OA 29 anpHJia 1849 roA- npeuJiie cy q;iaflOM 31 sa- 
ROBa asaAeMBjH Ha Kp. cpn. aKaAeMHjy/ 

Aawe Ha lora ce noroBopa bhah, a^ je MBBBcrap 13 
Maja 1886 otfyciaBHO bo cbmo ApyniTBeay ynpaBV, 
Bero H saKOBOM o tfypexy rapaBioBaay AP«aBBy noMot, 
npe Bero bito cy ce h noqeAO HcnHTBBaxB laKO 3BaBe ,8JI0- 
ynoxpetfe*" y pyKOBaiby ApynixBeBwi HMafteM, jep je aeroBa 
BOMBCHJa no^e^a paABXB xeB 1 4 Maja Hcxe roABBe. — Aa^e, 
no CBpmeBOM BcnBXHBaH>y, aso je 6bao saBBux BenpaBBJiBO- 
cxB BJiH BeMcnpaBBocxH, Ba^a^o je ynpaBy xymnxH cKyny, 
a aKO je 6bjio ^s^ioynoxpetfa**, xpe6a4o je yspoKOBaqe npe- 
AaxB BapoBiKOM cyAy. Mecxo xora raxa paAB MHBHCxap? Ob 
CByny ApyflixBOBOM bo jaBJia BMmxa, Bero saKOBOM. oa 1 bo- 
BeM^pa 1886 OAysHMa oa yqeBor ApyinxBa cbo HMaB>e b 
noBjiacxHiie fi)eroBe, na npenocH Ba Apyry, BOBy Apy- 
atHBy, a ^AOcaAaBnte** yqeBo ApyBixBO ^BBieBO CBora BMafi»a, 
cxaBj»a BOA sasoBBxy aamxHxy asaAeMBJe. 

Mopaji xaBora paAa jecxe obo : Bajnpe oa qoBeKa, bh 
EpBsa BB Ay^Ha, OAysMB CBe BMa&e B»eroBo, bobjiobb ra 
ApyroMe^ na oBAa ro^or cBBa cxasH boa sasoBBxy aamxBxy 
xora Apyrora. 

Oa 1 BOBCM^pa 1886 ao 23 Mapxa 1887 MBBBCxap je 
onex tyxao, na je oBAa paapemno ynpaBy b npexao y CAy»- 
6eBBM BOBBBaMa, Aa lie ynpaBy, b;ih npaBuje bojoabbo yspaBBe 



348 CKvn cpncKOFA y^EHor 4PymTBA 

H^aHOBB noHMeHue a^' Ty»H BapomsoM cyAj sa „HecaBecHo 
pysoBaH>6 ApyniTBeHHH HMaibeM'', Boje cy B^iacHH a^' B3peRy 
caio cyAOBH 3eMaji>cEH, a ceKpeiapa h BapomsoHe cyAy n 
AUciiHnjiHHCKOHe sa AP^&Bne qHHOBHHRe. A^iii oh to HHJe 
yqBHHo ; caMo cesperapa 6eme npeAao AHCUHnjiHHCKoiie cyAy» 
^xoxelin uocjiysHTH ce npeiia H>6My 6;ia^0H HepoH^, sao inxo 
CTOJH y TyatfiH, H fteroBO 6jiaro cp^e ipaaHJio je caMO, Aa 
ce upo^ecop a xaAa peKTop BejiHKe IIlKOJie „Kao HeAOcro- 
jan 3a AP^RaBHy cjiy»6y oxnycxH h3 MCie." — CeKpexap je 

OArOBOpHO: Aa AHCIlHDJiHHCKH CyA 3a AP»aBHe IHHOBHDEe 

HHJe HRA^esaH Aa^cyAH: hb uejioj ynpaBH aBxoHOMHora 
yqeHor ipymxBa, hh mecxoMe A^^y H>e3HH0M, a to je ceEpe- 
xapy, Hero cy 3a xo HaAJieacHH: cEyn ApyniTBa (auciih- 

HJIHHCKH) H peAOBHH CyAOBH (EpHBHWO), — H A* Ce 

OH XHX cyAOBa He t5oJH. A raxo je usamao npeA xaj neHaA- 
jieatHH cyA, xo je 3a xo, mxo ce y3Aa y cBOJy npaBeAHy 
cxBap H y 3ApaB pasyM, npaBKH^EO snatte h canecx q;ia- 
HOBa AHCiiHnJiHHCEor cyAa. 

y xo ce npoMeHH B;iaAa, 1 jyna 1887, h hobh mhhh- 
cxap npocBexe HSAa oBaEo Pemefte: 

„y3HMajyiiH y o63Hp npso : Aa cpncEo yqeno ApynixBO, 
Eao aBxoHOMHo xeJio, paAH caMocxajiHO h ho xoie aeroBa 
paARa He iiOA^eaH A^ciiHnjiHHapHoj BJiacxH MHHHCxpa; 

„y3HiiajyiiH y o63Hp APyro: a* cespexap cpncEora yie- 
Hor ApynixBa HBBpmyje caMO oA^yEe nojeAHHHX OA^opa h 
ynpane, h no xoMe, a* oh 3a xe OAJiyse ne Moate OAXOBa- 
paxH H EaA 6ii 62AO EaEBo OAroBopnocxH ; 

„y3HiiajyiiH y o63Hp xpete: a^ ce AHCiiHn;iHHapHe Ea- 
3He Hspaqy caMO y HHxepecy AP»aBHe cjiy»6e, a ne npeMa 
^HMHOM pacnoj!o»eH>y, — peniaBaii, Aa oBAe Heia lecxa ahc- 
i^HHJiHHapHOM cy^eay, h no xoxe, Aa ce cBa aExa no OBOJ 
cxBapH, Eao cBpraenoj, ocxane y apxHBy. 

,10 jyna 1887 y BcorpaAy/ — 



cKyn cpncKOFA yqEHor apviutba 349 

Me\y THM ynpasa 6eme HanaAHyxa n y HOBHHaia, na 
niTO Hsal^e OAroBop. 3a thm ce nojaBH nosHaxa „3BaHHqHa 
HcnpaBKa**, na Kojy Hsal^orae OAroBopii, y 6p. 45 ao 49 
„HoBe ycTaBHOCTH** OA 1887, kojh ao caAa HHcy onpo- 
BprHyiH. 

Ham HOBHeapcRH Onpo 6em6 pacipytfHO 1886 na cBe 
cipane: Aa je y^eno ApymTBO ynponacTHjio cBe npocBBTHe 
«OHA0Be, (KOJHX n;iH neiia, h4h HHcy npH H>eMy); a^ jo 
iipeAceAHHK ApyniTBa xieo HeKH xoHopap ABacyT a* HanjiaiH 
(cyAOBH npecyAHffle a^ to ne ctojh); a^ je yiHBeHO npo- 
HeBcpette, h a* je ynpaBa HecaBecHO pyKOBa;ia ApymiBe- 
HHM HMa&eM, (MHHHCTap naR He TysH HHKora cyAy, a H>6roB 
iipHBpeMeHH Oa(5op 3a npaiiaBe Race h apxHBe ApymiBeHe 
noTBpl^yje, Aa je CBe y peAy). Ha nocjieiRy m^eM cmo 
RaRO CTOJn H ca mhhhctpobbx 16 xaqaRa, a sa thm jom 
2, npoTHBy ceRpeiapa. Hpn tomo He Tpe6a saCopaBHTH, 
Aa ite;ia no^iyroAHniRa cyMa, o Rojoj je peq, h3H0Ch CBera 
9297*40 AM. Ha njiaxe, xoHopape, nyxoBaRe, RH>nre, niTaMny, 
RopHwpa H RaHite^iapHJCKe iponiROBe! 

CpncRo yqeno ApyniTBo 6poJH 105 q^ianoBa y CpOHJH 
H 130 Ha CTpaHH. UlTa je mhcjiho laj h ociajiH yqenn cbbt, 
qHTajyLH RaRO iBHHCTap npocBexe onxyatyje ynpaBy yqenora 
ApyfflTBa H ^RasHH" qejio ApynixBO ry^HXROM ApataBne no- 
hoLh, noBJiacxHita na ha h HMaH>a H>eroBa? 3a neAO je mh- 
aiHO Aa HHJe HHRaRBa noqacx 6hxh qjian RaRBor Hayqnor 
xejia y Cp6HJH, RaA je xano ijBex HHxejiHreHriHJe ao Rpaj- 
HocxH noRBapen. A RaA je onex noMe qyo, Aa cne xo HHJe 
HCXHHa, RaRaB je nojaii Hopao HMaxH o cpncRoj npocnexHo] 
nojiHXflitH y OHO BpeMe?! 

CaAa CJ1060AHO HOKeHo petiH : xaAam&a npocBexna no- 
jiHxuRa 6ema xana, „Aa iie je 6oji>E chhobh one seiiibe CBaxAa 
caHO ca xyroM n 6oAOTi cnoMHsaxH.'' 



350 cKvn cpncKOFA y^EHor APynrrBA 

/i,a saBpmHMo pe^HMa pHMCBora noBCCHEBa GaJiycTHJa: 
^IIIto ko BimH nojiosLaj says una, to cy My cse netiMa 
Besane pyKe; hhth ce ly cie BOJieiH, hh mpshth, a join 
HaJMafte AyxHiH ce: jep mio ce koa Apyrnx ityAH nasBBa 
AyTftoM, TO ce KOA OHHX, KOJH cy y B^iacTH, soBe o6ecT h 
CBepencTBO." 

II. 

IIpeJiasHHo Ha BftHaLeBHH paA y^enora ApyniTBa y ru- 
AHHaMa 1886, 87 h 88-oj, kojh HapaBHo nnje Morao 6hth 
onaRO o6H;iaT Kao npomjiHX roAnna, jep ynpaBa ApyniTBa 
6eme o6ycTaBiE>eHa 13 Maja 1886, a oa saA je noBpaLena y 
npel>amH>e CTaae, 25 jyna 1887, ne mal^anie oneT CTape 
cy6BeH^Hje, us pas^inqEBx yspoKa. 

I. y npHpoAHO-HaTexaTHHKom OA^opy. 

A-p* tf. IlaH^DL, nopeB^iy atfiTa. 

A-p. M. T. ^eKO, KOHCTaHTHBaH>y »MBe h cy- 

(JjlHMaTa y TORCHRO^lOmRMH HCnBTHBaftHHa opraHCRHX Ma- 

TepHJa. 

C. M. ^osaHH^, V AnajiHsa cpncRBX MHHepaMHX 
BOAa, (HacTHBaR). — 2® AejcTBy cierae asoTHe RHce- 
jiHHe H (ipoMBOAOHHBa Ha HeKe apoMaTHHHe aMHHe. — 3* 
Taq^H Ton^befta h BpncTajiHOM o6Mnnj Aw^enHJiTHJoRap- 
6aHHAft* 

J. M. ffltyjoBHt, CRima reo;iornje RpaAeBHHe Cp(5»je 
(nacTaBaK). 

B. M;iaAeH0BHL, Ppa^a sa reoJiorHJy h MBHepajio- 
fflRo-neTporpa*CRy stfapRy BaAeBCRor ORpyra. 

CBeTOsapHoAeibROBHli, MamMHCRH HHateftep, Hc- 

HHTHBafte XHApay^lD^RHX MOTopa. 



cKvn cpncKOFA y^EHor apvuitba 351 

Hhcj npHM^eHK obh cohch: 3aK0H ejieKipoMOTopne 
CHare hta. ; EJleKTpB^MTeT Kao jeAaH o(5jihk cwjie; xejiy- 
pHTOHM CTpyjana. 

XpBaxcKO npHpoAH»aTOO ApymiBO noMajio je npsy 
KftHry CBora Glasnika h atejiH Aa cxynH y CBeay. 

II. 3a HayKe ^wAOAomue h «H^oco«CKe. 

Ct. BoiiikobhL, BeceAa y cnoMen noK. /I.HMiiTpHJy 
MaTH^y. 

A-p. J. Typo Man, HpHJior k HcxopHJH Hame cpeAfto- 

niKO^lCRe RH>HSeBHOCXH. 

OBaj je OA^op npeA^oaBHO, a^ ce npoMaBH ByKOBa 
cxo^OAKfflH>H^a oa pob3H>a h H3a6pao je OA^op 3a Haqpx npo- 
rpaia, y Kojn H3a6paHn 6Hine : %. MajiexBL, J. BomROBBb, 
H M. n. nian^aHHH. IIpBH je oa^ophhr 3a xy CBexBOBHHy 
nanHcao Anoxeo3y, Apyrn BeceAy o atHBOxy h KH>P»eB- 
HOM paAy MaBAeHHKOBOM, a xpetH 6effle jeAaH oa r;iaBHHx 
qHHMJla^a npH H3Bol>efty cBexKOBHHe. 

Hs OBora je OA((opa noxeKao npeA^or, oa r. J. 2ty- 
joBHfca, Aa ce npoKpHXHKyjy cbo KibHre cpeAftHX bikojih, kojh 
nocjie npHMHme h ocxajiH OA(JopH. 

III. 3a nayxe HCxopHJCBe h ApsKaBHO. 

/I,. K. JoBaHOBHb, Topfta xHMO^Ra spaJHEa. 

r. BixKOBHt, Tpa^a ca HOBHJy cpncKy HcxopHJy. 

Hapo^HXB OA^op npeAJiaate Ha^HH, KaKo Aa ce ncxpaatyjy 
H3BopH sa Hamy noBecHHiiy y BaxHKaHCROj 6H($JiH0xei(H y FHMy. 

H3a6paH je napoTOXH OA(5op, Aa npoMHCJin o xoiie, 
RaBO y HanpeAaR Aa 6yAy CBecxpaHHJa h CHCxeMaxH^HHJe 
yAemeHa nyxoBaB>a paAH HCxpasHBafta HSBopa sa cpncRy 
HCxopHJy. y xaj OA^op ymjiH cy : II. CpetROBH^, Jb. KoBa- 
qeBBL n J. BomROBHb. 



352 cKvn cpncKorA y^EHor 4PymTBA 

IT. Oa^op 3a yxeTHOCT. 

$. Kan Hit, npe;U03M sa ^jBaae HeKHX phmckhx cia- 
pHHa no Cp6BJH. 

CpncEa npaBOCJiaBHa onmTHHa y CxapoM Be^ejy, y Baq- 
Koj, MOJiHJia je yieflo ApymiBO, a^ joj Kaaae: Koje Cp6e 
cJiHKape cMaipa Kao HajtfoAe yieTHHKe, a no TOMe h naj- 
sacJiyaRHHJe sa npenopyKy, xe Aa joj laKO cbojhm caseTOii 
o^iaKraa y HeKOJiHKo, Aa MHKaH>e (ieiejcKe npKBe — le ah- 
BOTHe rpa^BBHe — mio jienme H3BeAe. — To je nsBpniKO 
OBaj OA(5op, KasaBHiH ho caMo CAHKape, bojh sa to Hiajy 
CTpyqny cnpeMy, Hero h na^HH, BaKo Aa ce to HSBOAe. — 
Ha TO je ni)MeHyTa oiimTHna H3JaBHJia obom ApyniTBy CBOJy 
ocotfHTy saxBajiHocT. 

T. y n p a B a. 

Ynpana ce cacxajajia 19 nyTa, a cBa qeTHpn OA(5opa 
HMal)axy 12 cacTanaRa, h to npupoAH>aMBH 3, ^H^io^omKH 
4, HCTopHJCKH 3 H yMeTHH^KH 2. OcHM Tora 6enie h joahh 
CBe^aHH cacTanas y cnoiieH noB. qjiany A- MaTH^y, Ha Bone 
je (JecoAHO ^^m Ct. BonrcoBHii. 

YnpaBa je npHMa.ia n npnfiaBJbajia pacnpaBe h Hayqny 
rpal^y, waAa hx je OA(5opHMa na orjeny, 3a npHMAeno oa- 
pei)HBajia narpaAe, h H3AaAa je na cbot ABe BftHre Tjiac- 
BHRa. OApeAHfla je Befcy iteny T^iacHHBy 67 (3 am.)- Upu- 
najia je BH»Hre h cJiHse y pasMeny hah na noBJioH ; Aanajia 
je ysAapja h qHHHja noBJioHo. Hobh q^ianoBH OASunaxy 
ce na auhjiomo. Ynpasa je npHBpeiieHo crynnM y CBesy ca 

XpBaTCBHM npHpOAH>aqBHlI /i^pyHITBOM , CH IIpHpOAOnHCHHM 

ABopcBHM MysejeM h ApxHBOM ABopcBe KaMape y Beqy, ca 
AMepHqBHM *H4oco«cEHM ApyniTBOM y $HJiaAeji«HJH, a o6- 
HOBH^ia je Besy ca qeniBHM Hny^HHii ApyniTBOM y Ilpary. 
HsBpmyjyliH OAJiyEy CRyna, A<i^a je napacTOC CBoie q^any 



CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor 4PytuTBA 353 

H. C. AKcaKOBy, Ha KOie je ^jieh apxHuaHApHT J^jmuli roBo- 
pHo 6eceAy. IIoaRypHjia je yMexHETOH OA^op, Aa ce HspaAe 
flaitpTH 3a HaArpotfHe cnoMeHHEe J. TaBpHJioBflhy, 'B. A^hh- 
qnty h AocHTHJy. OAJiywjiaje Aa ce OAfflTaMnajy pacapaBe 
r. G. ^osaHHka: Gpncse MHHepa^He BOAe q ^ochjihh yra.i>, 
y jeAHy KH>Hry. H3Ap»ajia je 6op(Jy ca TaAamttHM mhhhctpom 
npocBeTe, kojh mEame Aa npHCBOJH ynpaBy HaA ApynixBOM, 
a He caMo BpxoBHH HaA3op, CTOjetii na (JpaHHKy sa aBio- 
HOHHa npasa h HHaH»e ApynixBeno, (r.ieAaj 3anHCHHRe ynpaBH- 
HHX cacTanaKa 5 ao 14). Han;iaheH je Ayr oa r. Bji. Jo- 
BaHOBHka, IIoBOAOH cMpxH ^jiaHa BJiaAHRe HHRanopa rpyjnha, 
CMBHora noBecHHKa A. PanKa, h cpncBor npHJaxeita qjiana 
B. AeHTona, H3JaBAeH0 je nopoAimaMa caata-i^eRe. Ilocjiajia 
je onmTHHB Be^ejcKoj crpy^Ho MHiiLj>e«ie. ^ecTHiajia je 30- 
roAHHiftHity AOUHCHOMe q^iany Hfiany $HJiHnoBHLy, 9-CTOJieTHy 
npocjiaBy pycKor RpmTett>a, noAH3aH»e cnoMennRa T. llaB^o- 
BHty H A. AaBHAOBHty, yqecTBOBa^a je y npocjiaBH ByKOBe 
CToroAHTnH>DB[e. IIpeAa^ia je IIpHBpeJieHOM OA(5opy Racy h 
apxHBy ApyniTBeny, no jeAHOM aRxy MHHHCiapcROM, a no 
ApyroM npHMHJia mx je onex naxpar. OdHOBHJia je A^JiHMHqHO 
ynpaBy. BpaxHjia je cnnce BpqeBnheBe, h OA^iyqnjia je Aa 
ce xo Hcxo yqHHH h ca HoBHteBHM. Cnpemnjia je OAroBop 
ROJH cc xnqe KoiopaHCRHX CnoMenHRa. IIper^eAaHH cy pa- 
qyHH ApymxBeHH sa 1886 h 87, mxaMnanH cy sanncHHitH h 
CQHcaR AapoBBHHX RttiExa ApynixBy. Bebajia je o no^on^ajy 
ApymxBa, o nacxaB^afty APynixBenora paAa, o npuBpeMeHHM 
H cxa^iHflM noxpe6ana ApynixBa, HspaAHJia je Aa ce TjiacHHiiu 
Ha HOBO mxaiinajy h AO^H^a je npuBpeMeny noMoii oa 3000 
AHH. 3a oBy roAHHy, na njiaxe h Rani^e^apHJcRe xpomsoBey 
Ha qeiiy HCRa je caAanifteM MHHHcxpy npocBexe, A-py Bjia- 
Aany "Bopl^eBflliy, XBajia ! H3Hetie npeA^ore : o KoMopaHCRHM 
cnoMeHHi^HMa, o peBU3HJH ypel^eH>a, o cxa.iHHM noxpe6aMa, 
HMafty H cxftHy ApyrnxBenoM; nociaLe 36HpRy cbojhx 

rjAcuuK LXIX. 33 



354 cKvn cpncKorx vqEHor APyniTBA 

H3AaH>a Ha napHCKjr H8jio»($y. HpHMHjia je oa r. /I.Hji(5epa, 
JieKapHHKa, hhcmo, y kom jaBAa, ^a je noK. poAOAy^ 'B. 
BjiaJKOBHL ocTaBHO «OHA Ha npocBGTHe ii6;iH, uosHBajytiH 
ApyniTBO Aa oho ^no HaAJieatHOCTH" ociBapH nocjieARy BOAy 
noROJHHROBy. /i^pyniTBO HHa 615 sonaAa K&nra ^OpncKHx 
Hap. necaHa'' 6ocaHCKHX, niTaiinaHHx o Tpomsy saBemxaKa E. 
XatiH-PncTHka, na (Jh Ao6po 6eao Aa CKyn OA^y^H Aa ce 
HOHyAH r. MHHHcrap npocBeie h ApyniTBo cb. Case, Aa hx 
OTKyne no V^ ahh., y KopHCi pe^enor saBemrafta. 

IIL 

Be^HBe ry($HTB6 y ^^aHOBHMa poaobhhh, no<iacHHM h 
AonHCHHM noMeHyo je noinpeAceAHHE y cbomo npHCTynHOM 
roBopy. HeKa je cBHMa Be^HiH cnoMen h aana! 

IV. 

HOBqanoM ciafty y^OHora ApymiBa aa xpn roAHne, 
^acT HaH je naBecxHTH OBaj cKyn, Aa je 3a pa^yncKy ro- 
AHHy 1886 H 87 6h;io: 

I. n p z M a B a. 

r Ap^aBHa noMoli aa 1886 15.283'80 

2® Oa npoAaxHX Kftwra 1.449*50 

3® BanpeAHB AOXOAaK, nan^iakeH oa r. Ba. Job. 1.216.10 

17.949-40 

II. Z 3 A a B a B e. 

r ILiaxe 5.812-60 

2^ XoHopapH, nyxoBaH>a, RH»Hre, nixaMua, bo- 

pHqap 9-453-60 

3^ KaHAO^apHJCBH xpomBOBH 1.760*55 

17.026-75 



CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor ApyniTBA 355 

HsAABa&a noce($Hi(e. 

XoflopapH 7.4:38-50 

HyTOBafte 560* 

KftHre 504-80 

niTaMna 467-30 

KopH^ap 483' 

9.453-60 



IlHcaLH npH6op 382-20 

OrpeB H ocBeTiteite 576-20 

Ilpaita H AHMHH^ap 34- 

OnpaBKe h BanpeA. xporaKOBH , . . . 268-55 

IIoniTa H oxnpaBKa Kftflra 499*60 

1.760-55 

KaA ce OA iiejiOKynHor npHiaaa y 17.949*40 

0A(5HJe itejioKynHo HSAaBaite y 17.026*75 

npeTeMo je h npeneTo y 1888 paq. roX 922*65. 
A OA 1 HOBeM^pa 1887 ao Kpaja AeseMCpa oBe 1888 
TOAHHe (5h,io je: 

F IlpHMafta. IIpeTeK oa npomjie Ase 

roAHHe 922-65 

Oa npoAaHHX Kftara y 
ApyniTBy .... 52*20 

BpaheHo 82 

IIpHBpeMeHa noMoL . . 3000 

4056-85 

ir HsAaBaaa. ^CBera 3928-45 

npeieK^o je ^rkaq aa npeHoc y 1889 roA. 128*40 
HanoH6Ha. EojIhro c) KHiHsapH-KOMHCuoHapu npo- 
Aa^H ApyniTBeHHX HSAaaa y 1888-oj, BHAete ce y janyapy 
1889, jep OHH Tora Meceija no.aa»y paqyne. 

23* 



356 CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor apviutba 

I. BftHaceBHom saeemTaKy 

K. X a ij H-P HCTflLa — „Ha HSAasafte Haj^OAHX cpn- 
CKHX KH>Hra, a Hapo^HTO (JocaHCBHX." OcHOBHH KanHTa^ 2040 
AHH. (170 AyBftTa). (PjieAaj cacxanaK ynpase oa 23 anpn^ia 
1871, 6p. 29.) 

II. K]bH»eBHOm «0HA7 

MuxaHJia q Mapnje MHJiHBOJeBHba (h3 oKp. 
Kpar.) — ,3a noMaraae cnpoMafflHHX Mcarta.* Ochobbh Ra- 
nuTaji 5400 AHH. (450 AJKaTa), koa YnpaBe ©oHAOBa. 
Ha AHH 1 H0BeM6pa 1888, hbhocho je OKpywo 12.433 ahh. 
(PjieAaj sanHCHHK ynpaBe oa 13 aBrycxa 1871, (5p. 53). 



y BpeMOHy RHAa ce na 6ojbe npoMeHHO ochobhh sasoH 
seHajBCRn; RaA iie ce npeiia H>eHy npeo($pa8HTn cbe Apyri^ 
saROHH B^H hobh aohcth *, y BpeHeny enoxa^iBon, RaA nama 
0Tau(5HHa noRaayje CBeiy noBOAHe peayjixaxe cbojhx xeataa^ 
o^HxoBaHHX y pa3H0./iBR0H paAy sa BanpoAaR b pasBBxaR: 
jamaqBo fce b CpncRo Jneno ApymxBO, Roje je roxoBo 3a 
no BeRa Bepso y^ecxBOBajio y xesBiaHa b ($op6aMa BapoA- 
BHM, sa casecBo BpffleH>e Ay^HocBe csecxB, ao($bxh cboj a6o- 
BarpaAe h npfl3BaH>a oa BonpscxpacBora jaBBor MBmji»eH»a. 

y BeorpaAy, 22 A^Keifipa 1888. 

Hjbhobh ynpaee : IIoTnpeAceAHHK Apyuirea, 

G. M. J.08aHH& c. p. H. Ay^™^ ^' P- 

J. "Bopi^eBHL c. p. CeKperap, 

H. Ay^^L c. p. JoBaH BobirobhL c. p. 

A. ByrapcKH c p. 

GRyn je osaj BSBemxaj nasibBBo cac/iymao b c oao- 
($paBaH>eH yseo Ba ssa&e. 



CKvn cpncKorA yiEHOr APynixBA 357 

^;iaH M. EyjyHijHL ^hbh Hene npHMeA($e Ha xaj h3- 
Beffliaj. noMHH»e noKymaj ApyniTBa /^a yciaHOBH neiH OA(iop 
3a nonyjiapHcaae Haysa, qeny je oh 6ho npoTHBan, Kao h 
TaAamH»H HHHHCTap npocBeTe u j om h6rh ^jianoBH ApynrrBa; 
jep je r^iaBHa ^eJl obom ApymiBy 6HJia, Aa caMociajiHO pas- 
BHJa Haysy. Aa^e bqahl, Aa je oh, nao Chbhih ceBpeiap 
ApyniTBa, odjacHHO r. Bji. JoBaHOBHky h ceKpeiapy Apyni- 
TBa HeKe pa^yne ApymTBene, ajiH, KaA My ce HHJe XTe;io 
BepoBaxH, OH je OHAa npeKrayo csesy c ApymTBOM, To je 
nocjie (Jho rjiaBHH yapoK aaiBopafty y^enora ApymiBa. Ko- 
MHCHJa Roja je thm hoboaoh 6HJia OApe^ena, BOHCiaTOBajia 
je, Aa ynpaBa Hflje xxejia OAMax a* noKa»e CBOJy Racy, 
Hero jy je tor nooae horojihro Aana OTBopHJia; h oHAa ce 
Hani^io, Aa je HeAociajajio npeRO 1000 AHHapa, Aa je ceRpe- 
Tap TeR OHAa ynocHo y Racy none RBHTe, Roje cy AaTHpane 
npe 10 — 15 Aana, a HcnjiaLene 1 fl,m npe ho hito cy RAy- 
^eBH npeAaHH. Tpetfa^o je, A^RJie, ^yBain qacT OBora Apym- 
TBa. — niTO je, BejiH, ApyniTBeno nxa^e OAysexo, na npe- 
Aano Hay^oj ARaAeMHJH, to je sa to, a* ce ROHiteHTpHme 
MaTepHJaAHa, Rao h nayqna cnara na jeAHOM Mecxy. Yqeno 
ApyniTBo je Aa^o HMnyjica tomc, Aa ce 6aitH na nonyjiapn- 
caH»e HayR^: aaJmo iiy CBa cpeACTBa 3a to! Ajih ctbophmo h 
joAHO Te;io, Roje he caMocTajiHo pasHMJaxH cpncRy nayRy! 
KofliieHTpHfflHMO y fteMy cBy cnary, a* ynanpe^yje h nayRe h 
Aa noTHOiiase OBaRo ApymTBO, Roje nome HHaTH jom uaTpHo- 
TH^HHJy neA — nonyjiapHca&e nayRa! To je (Jnjia rjiaBHa 
MHcao. — Ha noc^iOTRy roBopH npoTHB p^aBor TyMa^eaa 
Te TeHAenuHJe. 

GeRpeTap J. BomROBHti OAroBapa na to, Aa je Ten- 
AenitHJa TaAamftera MHHHCTpa npocneTe (JHJia napTHJCRO upa- 
poAe. ARaAeMHJa je ocHOBana sa to, a* ce narpaAe jeAHOMB- 
CJieHHUH ca HO 100 AyK. roAHHifte (M. KyjynijHli to 0A(5HJa, 
a ApyrH q;iaH0BH OAo6paBajy roBop BomROBHiieB ; — 



358 CKVn CPnCKOFA VMEHOr 4PyiliTBA 

rocu. KyjyHUHk saspmyje CBOje npHMeA($e roBopetfl y pas- 
ApasBHOCTH AO cysa.) 

Ha npoiecTe Kyjyn^^HkeBe ceKpexap OAroBapa : ^a^ Aa, 
cyAH^e HCTopHja HaMa, ajiH b BaHa, rocnoAHne! 

na OHAa HacraBJba: Hobom ApyniTBy ipeOa^io je a& 
HMa: dHtf^HOTesy, tftfEpne^ Hiia&e. GMHCJiHiae a^k^b, a^ CBe 
TO OAysiy OA y^enor ApynrrBa, na npeHecy na AKaAeMBJy. 
Ajih Raso HHJe JiacHO ly^e HMaHie, He OBJiamtieH, upeflexH 
Ha Apyrora, to ce OHAa sfoaho ynoxpe^Hiia ona a«epa ca 
BjiaAHMHpoM JoBaHOBH^eM. CBe je Apyro nao neEH Garni e- 
rangy AOj^^TdiKy a^ ce Mose pekH: npHBo je Yqeno Apyin- 
TBO, na sa to cmo My OAyse^H cne. Ajih nnje Taso! Eto 
rocnoAe npaBHHRa na nesa ohh nasy: nose An to Tano 
skn. y nac no YcTany ^OAysHMafte EHaH»a y rae Rasne 
(ROH«HCBaiuija) ne cue 6hth'', (q^an 20 crap, h 17 hob. 
ycTana). Ako je ynpana YqeHor Ji,^YmTBSL 6njia RpHBa, fty 
je Baiba^o TysHTH CRyny. ApyniTBO ($h je npoMenejio, hjih 
(Jh AOTHqne sa sjioynoTpetfe TyatHJio cyAy. Mecro Tora npeA- 
jiase ee, Aa ce OAysiie neAO HMaH»e oa ApynrrBa ; na ee Rase: 
Be, 6e3 HRaRBa HHaftay tfniieTe oa caA noA samTRTOM ARa- 
Aennje. To je TaRo, Rao RaA ($h ee neROM, nopeA Rasne no 
saRony o nrraMnH, OAyseiia jom h Ryla, H»HBa, BHHorpaA 
H T. A- Obo je naJBasHHJa Ta^Ra y i^e^oj CTBapn. Jli,9Jbe, 

ToBopHHR OA<(HJa OHO, DiTo je npeAroBopEHR peRao o 
npeAana&y RjbyqeBa h o paqynHMa; nosHBa ce na r. G. Ao- 
sanHtia, rojh je Rao nsao/iaHHR ynpaBHn npncycTBOBao, RaA 
je OH OAroBapao MnnncTapcRoj romhchjh. Ila oHAa ne^H : 

TaAamftH MHHHCTap najnpe je Rasnno ceRpeTapa, sa 
Aejia aBTOHoma TOJia, yqenora ApynirBa^ OAyseBnra My oa 
fteroBe npo^ecopcRe njiare 1500 ahh., h to Ha joAan nyT^ 
(mTo je npoTHBHO saRony o ^HHOBHHi^HMa), To($ose aa to, 
niTo je HHcao y „OAJeRy*, (Roje oneT HMa Aa ce cyAH no 
saRony o niTaMOH), h hito My HHJe cboao^ho onaRO, RaRo 



CKyn cpncKOFA yqEHOr 4PyaiTBA 359 

je OH xeAeo, a to je Aa je r. Bjieahmep nopHitao npH- 
MaH>6, npeTe^H my, a^ ^6 ra h a^^^^ Ka^sftaBaxn ; na je OHAa 
TOB noMao KOMHCHJy y yqeeo ApynixBo, ab, hsbh^ ana ah 
KaKBe HenpaBH^HOCTH hjih He. KoMucHJa xa HORymaBajia je 
Aa ce npHKase nao HemoBHTa^ to jecT h Rao naASopna h 
Rao HCTpasHa, ajiH ona HHJe tfe^a HCipajRHa jep: saA 6h 
6h^o AHCAHu^HHCRe RpBBHi(e, OHAa ($H Tpe($ajio A& ce yqHHH 
no ^A. 47 h 48 saRona o qHHOBHHAHMa; RaA 6h 6hjio Apyre 
RpHBHiie y AysHOCTH, OHAa no nA. 56, 57 h 58 Tpe6a naj- 
npe MHHHCTapcRH casex a^* pemH o ysHHafty na OAroBop; 
npoAceAHHR ROMHCHJe Tpe6a cBaRaRO a^ JQ ^^V P^Ban y njiaxi 
ea OHRM, Rojera Hcnnxyje, a aoxh^hh HMa^ame Mafty njiaxy 
OA npo^ecopa Be^iHRe IIlROJie J. BomROBH^a; cBera xora y 
OBOM cjiyqajy HHJe (!h;io, na sa xo cenpexap noxenyxy romh- 
CHJy HHje npHBHaBao sa Hcxpasny, a no mxo 6h cacxaB 
H paA xaRe ROMHCHJe ($ho HesaROHHx h oa ^Hiia nenaAAes- 
HHX, xo HHJeAyaaH ($ho hh OAxoBapaxB joj, Rao Hcxpaanoj, 
AOR ee ne yqHHH no saRony. A sa ROXHCHjy naABopne bjie- 
cxH ne HHixe ce xaRa RBajiH«HRai(HJa. Ha nocjiexRy one xo 
BpeAH sa Apa^aBHe ^DHOBHHRe. A;ih npo^ecop (Ap^RannH ^h- 
hobhhr) HHJe HHmxa crphbho ; xo ne Rase hh iHHBcxap. A 
HaA ceRpexapoM anxonoiHa xejia MHHHCxap neia AHCi^HnjiHH- 
CRe B^acxH; on ne Mopa ($hxh ap»* ^hhobhhr. 

Aro ^Raca nnje OAvax noRaBaHa"", xo je ($hjio sa xo 
mxo ROMHCHJa He (!eme ynyLena npoAceAHHRy h^h fteroBOM 
saMeHHRy {^a. 31 xaq. 2 ApynixB. ype^eaa), h mxo ce nnje 
HCRasa^a: ro je h mxa je; nero je oxHnMa y cxan Apyni- 
xBenff, na 0Ay3e;ia oa MoiRa co($hh Ribyq, RaA xaHO ho 6eme 
HHRora OA qiianoBa ynpaBe. A RaA je ROMHCHJa cbo xo no- 
npaBB^a, OHAa je ynpana napeAHM, npHsnajy^n npano Bp- 
xoBHor HaASopa, Aa ce H>oj noRaace h OAXOBopn na cne, mxo 

seJiH BHAeXH H SHaXH. 



360 cKvn cpncKorA y^iEHor APymrsA 

He CTOJH HH OHO, A* je ^HeAOcraja^o npeKo 1000 ah- 
Hapa." CeKpeiap je, Aooe Kaca 6effle jom saTBopena, hc- 
Ba3ao npeA bohhchjom h npeA BsacjiaeiiBOM ynpase, r. G. 
jlosaHHiieM, Aft y KacH Hua npHSHaHHi^a saBeAensx h nesa- 
BeAeHHx y AHeBHnK Baceen, a h a^ je xaAa neBe co($om ao- 
Heo. HIto He ($exy CBe saBeAene, yspoB je mhofh nocao, 
(Bao BopeBType oa 144 mTaMo. Ta6aBa roAHmfte, no 10 
niTaMn. xatfasa sanHCHHBa^ obo 40 cacTanaBa ApyniTBeHHX, 
CBa openHCBa, oxnpaBsa BH>Hra, paqyHH h t. aO? ^ ^^^^ 
HOCJieHHBa (ceBpexap h nncap, nopeA Apyr^x Ay»HOCTH, cbhbh 
AaH caHO noc^e noAHe). 3a speiie cpncBo-6yrapcBor paia 
HHcy HcnjiabHBaHH paqyHii, a nocjie BaA je ceBpexap Ao6no 
yBepeae ah J^e obo nojioBHHe laja ao6hxh onex jeAan a^o 
ApacaBHe jioMohn, oh rx je no^eo HcnjiatwBaxH, oa no^o- 
BHHe anpHjia ao noJiOBHHe Maja; a noMCAftHx Aana je hc- 
njialiHBafte u ycBopno, BHAe^H a* ce Myxe o6MVifi naA y^e- 
HHM ApymxBOM, xe Aft He 6h jiajcxopn h xproBijH h a^*© — 
He 8Ha ce AOBJie — qesajiH, oh je HcnjaxHO CBe paqyne 
AO Bpaja. IIpHjiHBOM nperjieAafta Bace, BaA ce CBynHO pa- 
qyn no cBHMa npHSHaHHAaia yjeAHo, bhaojio ce Aa Heiia a^- 
MitHxa. KoMHCHJa loLanie OAMax a* BpaxH co(Jhh BAy^ ; BAy- 
MeBe OA Bace h apxHBe, hh ynpaBa hh cespexap HHcy HHBaA 
xxe.iH Aa npeAaAy bomwchjh, jep ona na ftMX nnje HMajia 
HUEaBBHx npaBa; (rjieAaj sanHCHHBe ApynixBa y P^acHHBy 
68), a^H HsacjiaHBitH ynpaBHHH He xxeAome na xo a^ npn- 
cxany, AOB^e xo ne OAotfpH h MHHHcxap, Aa ce nocjie Apyni- 
XBy He ($H Bojemxa noAMexajio. H sancxa, MHHHCxap HHJe 
OAo6pHO, Hero je napoAHO ar ce ^hhh neBO cac^ymanafte 
H ncxpasHBafte y ApymxBy jom i^eo leceii A^Ha, a xo be 
pehH nHHBa^o ce h xpasH^o, Aa ce y paAH>H APJini^Ba xeB 
Ha^e, uM (!ani h naBJiam cxBopH BaBBa roA BpHBHi^a. /i,a 
je 6hjio A^oHAHxa, hjih Apyre EaBBe npaBe EpHBH^e, xaAa- 
mH>n MHHHCxap j:;Ha^HO ne 6e qeBao Aa npo^y 10 Mecei^a, na 



CKvn cpncKorA yiEHor APycaxBA 361 

Aa leK OHAa npeTH CAysi6enOy ^^ ke ah. lyatn h^aj ynpasy 
BapomEOMe cyAy, a noue Aa lysH caio cespexapa onaRo 
cacTaBJbeHOH Ai^ciiBUJinHCEOM cyAy! 

Ga RacoH je ROMQcnja ^H^a roTOBa OAMax npBora AaHa, 
a;iH cy jom 29 Aana Tpaja;ia Apjra sannTEBBa&a h 3aH0- 
BGTafta paAy ApyniTBa y onrnxe, o apxHBH aeroBoj, spa-, 
ka;io ce sa pa^yBOBOACXBo b t. a. MaBBCTap je ceRpeiapy 
npoTBBsaROBO otfycTaBBo ABe njiaie, b npo«ecopcRy b ceRpe- 
TapcRy, na ra je obab, hoa tepeTOE ($pBra b ncBXOJioBiRe 
npHByAe npeRo noHeByxe ROMBCBJe, npoA BsacjiaflBRon, y3B- 
Mao Ba npoTOROji sa a^ab, ynpane b iie^ior ApyniTBa, pe^jy 
EBB>BO ra je b MyqBo laRo, Rao a^ j^ na samy seiiiby Ba- 
BBiJia BeRa Ty^a BBBasBJa. A no rom 3aR0By Tpe(!a mecxB 
B noT^BfteBB ii;iaB ynpaBe (ceRpexap) jeABor aBxoBOMBor 
xejia Aa OAroBapa sa CBy ynpasy b neAO ApynixBO? 

MBBBCxap y xy»6B AHCitBn^BBCROM cyAy xbpab, Aa je Raca 
y^eBora Apynixsa — AP»aBBa Raca, na sa xo CBe mxo ce Be 
noAyAapa aa AP^aBBBM rkbpoboacxbom CMaxpa sa RpBBBi^y. 

/l^psaBa Be nose: b AaxB noMoL jeABOH aBxoBOMBOH 
ApymxBy, b onex caMa pacno;iaraxR xbm BOBiteM. J[2LJbe, Ba- 
poABO nosopBBixe cxoJB noA bpxobbom ynpaBOM mbbb- 
cxpa npocBexe b no;iaa;e panyBe PviaBBoj KoBxpo^B, na bp.ro 
Be Raae Aa je fi>eroBa Raca — AP»aBBa; a mr cmo APym- 
XBO caMocxajiBO, cxojbmo caHO noA bpxobbbm BaA3opoM 
MBBBcxpa npocBexe, no^iaateno paqyne caMBia ce6B, na ox- 
RyAa OBAa Aa je sama Raca ApsaBBa? Hajnocjie BHa n aKnx 
^BB. MBBBcxpa HoBaROBflfca OA 1882, y rom je napeROM npi> 
3Baxa caMocxa^Bocx Bame Race : Cse cmo BaM y 6yi;[exy cxa- 
BBJiB y jeABy cyMy, na bb 6Bpajxe ceRpexapa, b pacno.ia- 
^RBxe RaRo xohexe no CBOjoj aBxonoMBJB. 

IIpeMa xoMe, bb obo bo cxojn mxo je xaAamsiB mbbb- 
cxap XBpABo Bol^eay pa^yBa. Y qjiaBy 36, xa^rja 8 cxojn, 
Aa »GRyn nocxaBJi>a npaBBM . . . sa B0^eB>e nocjiona b pa- 



362 CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor apvihtba 

qyEa"" ; aAH oh to HHJe y^HHHO. EaA je roBopHHK M3a($paH 
sa ceRpexapa, oh nnje namao y Kacti HHKasBiix pa^yncsHx 
KRHra. Epse roAHHe je m oh xaKo boaho pa^yne: Hcn^ia- 
befle npHBHaHHi^e ocxaBH y Kaey, na na spajy roAHHe cnyun 
cBe yjoAHO, xe oa khx cr^ohh paqyet^. Ajih je nocjie bh- 
AeOy A& ce Mose xaRO no H6Ra npnsHaHHi^a h Hsry^HXH; a^ 
je BO^eea pa^yHcsa EH»Hra, ne 6h ce Mopajie xpasixi npu- 
BpeiieHe npHSHaHHi^e ; peqjy, oh je caM oa CBoje BOji»e, 
paAH eBHAeniiHJe h cBora yiiHpeH»a, saBeo AHeBHHR RaceHi h 
Apyry RHiHry 3a RH>H2Rape-ROMHCH0Hape, h boaho je pa^yne 
Ha xproBaqRy nanpaBy, RaRo je snao h Horao. Eo HHa a^*- 
Rjie npana a^ My saHepa, oixo HHJe aaneo xe h xe npHSHa- 
HHiie? Oh HMa npana Aa> CBOJ AHeBHHR 0AHec3 CBOjoj 
RyhH, na a^ na Rpajy roAHne nodosa pa^yne no npHsna- 
HBi]iaMa, Rao h H>eroBH npexxoAHHi^H ; ano ae 6e mxo ne- 
Aocxajajio, Aysan je aa hoahhph Racn. ^HeBBHR RacenH ne 
BOAH hh ceRpexap ARaAOMHJe, eh A^Ran BejiHRe UlRo^ie, o^ 
RoJHX OBaj ApyrM no^aate paqyne T^aBHOJ RoHxpoJin. Ce- 
Rpexapy a&b-^o ne 6eme nponHcano Aa boah AHeBHHR^ na 
HHje 6uo HH Ay^Ran. H no xoMe, noMenxn: a^ ^ah je neRa 
npHsnaHHiia Hcnjiabena pannje h^h AOiiHHJe, h a^ -^h je oa- 
Max saBeAena y AHeBHHR RacenH hjih nnje, neMajy y o b o m 
c^y^ajy one BpeAHOCxH, Rojy hh MHHHCxap mkame aa 
npHAene. 

Joffl (5h Mor^o 6hxh pe^H o ypeAHOcxH. KaA je rosop- 
HHR Aomao sa ceRpexapa, oh je aaxeRao co6y ApyHixBeny 
^a^any Rao paRH^HHH^a, jep ce y neb nnje Mor^o najio- 
shxh, OAMax ce ahmhjio; a nuje (!hjio he APBa hh yrjflba. 
Oh je no Ma^o cne aoboaho y peA: npoieHHO neL, natfa- 
BHO ApBa, 060JHO co6y, npenyRao je napnex noBAaROM, no- 
nyHHo naiiemxajy saneo Ramte^apHJCRO BpeMe, mxainao nar.io 
r^acHBRe H pasamHAiao bx ApynixBHia c ROJHMa cmo y CBesH, 
nocJiao HH H paHHJe TjiacHHRe Roje roAnnaxa nncy npHxajtR, 



CKvn cpncKOFA yiEHor apvihtba 363 

TaEo A^ cy BeL mhc^h^h a^ je ApymTBO Dpecxaiio, pasa- 
c^ao je HOBHJHM qjiaHOBHHa HeoTnpaBji»eHe ahh^iomb, cacxa- 
Buo je aanHCHHRe h h3 OHora BpeiieHa, na^ oh h6 ^eme 
ceRpeiap (no Ty^HM (!e^emsaMa), saBeo je AHeBHHR RaceHH 
H Kfi»Hry sa RH>HJBape-EOMHCHOHape ApymTBeie, boaho je no- 
c^iOBHH aanHCHHR (Ae^OBOAHH npoTOROJi), HSAaBao je Hecro 
jeAHor HJiH ABa P^acHHRa no 6 RH>Hra na roAony, uobhcho 
je npoAajy ApymiBenHx nsAa&a oa 46 A^napa roAHmse na 
2500 npoceROM, h t. a- sa Roje CBe Qua AORaae y aannc- 
ilHMa OBora ApyniTBa, oa 1883 ao Aanac. H>eroBH cy pa- 
qyHH y BejiHROj IIIrojih, HapoAHOJ BH(5jiH0Tei(H h y oBom 
ApyniTBy 6bae CBarAa ypeAHH, a h caA cy. Ajih a^ My ce 
($am cjiy^aJHO RaRBa oMafta neypeAHOCT HMa h a^ saMepn^ 
OHAa najiiafte HMa npasa a^ ce na h» 6ai]iH RaienoM onaj, 
ROMe ypeAHOCT nnje nnRaA mhofo AOca^HBajia. 

HIto npeAroBopHHR Be^n, Aa j^ ^xpetfa^o ^yBain 
qacT" . . . CpncRO YqeHO Apj^tbo qyBajio je CBOJy qacr sa 
no BeRa, tfes n^HJer xyxopcTBa, na ke je snaxn ^ynaxn h oa 
caAa. — A na npHMeA(5e o nexoi OA^jpy ne xpe(Ja hh OAroBa- 
paxH. Ilpe^e cy nac npeRopaBajin, mxo cmo xxeM Aa 3aBe- 
AeMo xaj OA($op sa mnpeibe nayRe h RibHseBHOCxn y napoA, a 
caA caMH xohe Aa upexBope ite^o Y^eno ApymxBO y xaj nexn 
OA($op; a^H, napaBHOy noA samxexoii Aanamfte ARaAenHJe. 
Hajnowe aanprnyje CBOj OAroBop: Arc npeAroBopHHR 
HMa nemxo npoxHB H»era jih^ho^ eno My jaBBOcxa! Hena 
mxaMna sanncHHRe ROMHCHJEse, djin cne, a ne caMo ono hb 
B>HX, mxo ce H»eMy cbhah h^h mxo My HAe y paqyn. Ty he 
ce natiH h nnxaiba h OAroBopn. A;ih yjeAHo Le ce BHAexH 
H mxa je ,»HaA3opHa bmcx*" xpasHJia no y^enoM /l,pymxBy. 
BHAebe ce^ Aa je xy 6eao ca cbhm ApyrHX HaMepa^ a ne caMO 
npocxor naASHpaBaiLa, nper4eAaH»a Race h apxHBe. ToBop- 
hhr ce HHJe ($ojao AP^aBHHX cyAOBa, na ce ne (!oJH hh cyAa, 
RojH ce sone JaBso Mflm^^efte.'' 



364 cKvn cPiiCKOFA y^EHor 4pymTBA 

Hhko ce He jaBJta sa peq, ochm r. EyjyH^Hlla. (^yjy 
ce MHorH r^acoBH: ^ocia, Aocia!) 
Hpe^asH ce Ha AnesHH peA. 

Bp. 5. 

IIpeAceAflHK nosHBa CEyn, Aa Aonece oaa^kj o Komo- 

panCKHMCUOMeHHIlHMa. 

n. CpetKOBHt npeA^aace, Aa ce Kynn oa thx cno- 
MeHHRa, Ro;inRo ce MO»;e. 

A. BacHJieBBb HanoMHH»e, a^ cho hh yseM CTBapa 
OA Hamera q^ana. Ako cy one neaaKOHHTo yseTe oa on- 
niTHHe, neRa joj ce Bpaxe, no mio ona BpaiH npHM'KeHH 

HOBail. 

M. EyjyH]][Hli npeA^a^se, Aft to peme npaBHHQH e 
ApaiaBHHitH, Rao inxo cy J. ABaRyiOBHt h J. PhcthIi. T. 
BhtrobhIl je OTHinao n aohoo le cTBapH no HameM OB^a- 
mbeiby. HeRa npaBEHi^n peme, a& -^h mh ctojhmo y RaRBoj 
o6Be3B npeiia onmTHHH HAn He. 3a nac 6h 6fiAo RopecHo a& 
saApxHMO CTBapH. 

n. GpeiiROBHii HHC^H, Aft TpeCa oa^oshth penieH>e 

TOJ CTBapH. 

A. BacHJieBHb Be;iH, Aft j^ onniTHHa Aft^^ft CTBftpn 
jeAHOM nME'j Hamex, Aft ce roa nac qyBajy. Aro cftA to 

He SLQAB, OHAft HCRa Tpaa&H CTBapH OA BHTROBHba. 

Job. BohirobhIl Kas&e, Aft HMa hhcmo oa noROJHor 
naTpHJapxa, h3 Rora ce bhah, Aft onniTHHa TpasH CTBapH 
flaTpar. 

J. ABaRyMOBHli je sa TO, Aft ce OApeAH OA($opy rojh 
iie TO nHTau>e npoy^HTH ca npaBHor n ApsaBHor rjiOAHniTa, 
na te o tom noAHeTH HSBeniTaj ApyniTBy. 

GTOjan BohirobhL cjiase ce c thm npeA^oroM. 

M. Ban je TaRO^ep sa OA^op. 



CKyn cpncKorA yuEHor apvuitba 36 S 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK nnia CByn, ^a ^h iipHia xaj npe^- 
^or, A^ ce CTBap o EoHopaHCKHM cnoMeHnuHiia ynyTH na- 
po^HTOM OA(5opy, H 

CKyn ycBHJa to c thm, a* y 0A(5op yt^y rocnoAa: J* 
ABaKyMOBHt, r;i. PepinHt h Ct. MapEOBHt. 

Job. PHCTHt HanoMHH>e, Aa Taj oAOop Tpe(5a a^ ysMe 
OBy CTBap ca Asa MOAHniTa : ca npaBHHqEor ii no^iHTH^Ror. 
Ako CBeniTeHHB to onmTHHO HHJe 6ho B^iacTae a^ ycTynn cno- 
neHHBe, OHAa hx MopaHo BpaTHTH. A Tpetfa nasHTH n na 
TO, Aa ce TH AyAH He AOBOAe y nenpifjiHKy (Jea HeBOJte, Aa 
He (5h nocTpaAa^iH 86or Tora. — Hesa OA(5op o tom hoa- 
nece H3BemTaj, a ynpaBy Moseiio OBJiacTHTH, nesa npeMa 
TOHe pemH, h 6e3 ca3HBaH>a Gsyna. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK nHTa Csyn o TOMe, h CKyu npHMa npeA- 
AOT r. Job. pHCTBta. 

Bp. 6. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK ^HTa HSBcniTaj o uper^ieAaHHii pa- 
qyHHMa sa roAHHO 1886 h 87, kojh r;iacH: 

r.iaBHOMe CKyny CpncKora Yqenor ApyniTBa. ^acT naH 
je H3BecTHTH r^aBHH CKyn CpncKora YqeHor ApyniTBa, Aa 
CMO npeMeAa.aH paqyne HCTor ApyniTBa 3a 1886 h 1887 
roAHHy, H Ham^H cmo, Aa cy y CBeity HcnpaBHH. 19 jany- 
1888 roA. y BeorpaAy. CKynon OApe^enn nper;ieAaqH pa- 
qyna: M. HeTKOBHt c. p. Jby6. K^iepiifc c. p. C. M. jIo- 
3aHHli c. p. 

Hpeia TOMe, CKyn H3Aaje paspeniHHiiy ceKpeTapy, Kao 
noMraqy paqyna. 

Bp. 7. 

Ha nosHB noTnpeAceAHHKOB, Aace H36epy Tpn 
q^iana 3a nper;ieAa&e uotoh>hx paqyna, CKyn je 
OA^yqno : 

Aa H Te paqyne npeMeAa hcth OA<5op, kojh je npe- 
r^ieAao h pannje. 




366 CKvn cpncKorA yqEHor apvidtba 

Bp. 8. 
YnpaBa je npHBpeiieHO CTynn;ia y CBeay: ca Xpeax- 

€RUM npHpOAH>aqKHM ApyiHTBOM, Ca IIpHpOAOnHCHHM ABOp- 

CKHM MyaejeM y Be^y, ca ApxeBOM ABopcKe KaMape y Beqy, 
ca AMepH^BHM m;ioco*ckhm ApyniTBOM y $HAaAeMHJH h 
o^HOBH^a je Besy ca ^eniKHM HayqHMM ApJDITboii y Ilpary. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK npeA^ame, Aa Csyn to OAo6pH. 

YcBaja ce. 

Bp. 9. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK nosHBa GByn, a^ Hstfepe ^mhobb 
KOJH be uoTUHcaTH sanHCHHR oBora csyna, h3 CBasor 
OA^opa no jeAHor. 

HsatfpaHH cy hcth ^iJiaHOBH, kojh cy h npoin;iH nyi 
noTBHca^iH sanHCHHK, a to cy rocnoAa: K. A^iKOBut, Cbct. 
ByjioBHii, Jb. KoBaqeBHli m Ct. ToAopoBHt. 

Bp. 10. 

IIoTupeAceAHHE CTaBAa na ahobhh peA: peBH3Hjy 
ype^eH>a OBora ApymTBa h nBTaH>e o CTaJiHOJ AP^^aBHOJ 
noMobB. To, Be;iH, Tpaa^E MHHHCTap npocBeTe sa ocHOBy sa- 
Bona Hayqoj AsaAeMBJE. 

CoEpeTap qBTa to mhbhctpobo bhcmo oa 13 Maja 
1888 roA. H Apyro oa 30 Maja HCTe roAHne. 

J. ICyjoBHti Be^H, Aa je ynpaBa Tpe6aM noAHeTH 
eaiipT Te peBHSHJe. A saA Tora neMa, oBAa npeA^ame, Aa 
CBaBH 0AC6K OBora ApyniTBa npoy^H to nHTaftc o MeH>aH>y 
CTaTyra; Aa ynpasa cTH^iHsyje Hose npoMene, na TeK OHAa 
Aa ce TOM pemaBa y CKyny. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK mhcjih^ Aa ($n 6oji>e 6eao Hsa- 
({paTH sa TO napo^HTH oA(}op y kojh 6h yniJiH npeAceAHBiiH 
OAceKa, cBKpeTap h joni neKH ^i^ianoBH. 



CKyn cpncKOFA yqEHor apvihtba 367 

A. BacHAeBHb Be^H, ^a nHHHCTap ipasH a^ Apyni- 
TBO Meaa cBOJe craTyxe, a* Meaa cBoj saAaxaK, h a* yagch 
CBOJe OAHOce npeia HayqHoj AEaAenHJM. Hy nHTa ce: npH- 
ciajy ^H H q^aHOBH oBora ApyniTBa, a^ caA paAe ApyrH no- 
cao, h;ih ne? Moae 6hth, Aa ^^aHOBH nefce npHCTaiH Ha to, 
Aa Meaajy saAaxaK ApyniTBy, Koje paAH Bet 50 roAnna; jep 
OHAa 6b npecrajio to ApymiBo. — Cjiaate ce c thm, Aa o 
TOM AaAy CBoje MHfflAefte Hajnpe nojeAHHH 0Ace^H, a nocjie 
ce Mose 3a Taj nocao cacTaBHTH n napo^HTH OA($op, h Haj- 
nocjie csyn casBaTH. 

Ct. BoniKOBHfc Be^H, Aa ce ApynixBo Mopa npeype- 
AHTH, na Aa Mome oncTaTH, jep to MHHHCTap saxTOBa, h oa 
Tora 3aBHCH Apa^aBna uoMot. — Oh je sa npoA^or uot- 
upeAceAHHBOB, jep xaKO te ce ({p»e h 6oji>e peniHTH, ho Aa 
HAO y nojeAHHe OA(5ope, kojb (5h mooh h pasjiH^HTO mh- 
mjbefbe hoahoth, Taso Aa Ha np. 2 OA($opa ($yAy sa Meu>afte 
CTaTyxa a ABa npoTHB ; oHAa — 3a iieceii ABa Aana — Moae 
ce onoT oBasaB cRyn ca3BaTH. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHR sase, Aa ApyinTBO ho ho^o Aa 
paAH, AOE ce to ho CBpmH, jep MHHHCTap ne OApe^yje ap* 
ataBHy noMot 6e3 Tora. 0A(5op Moae npoAJioaKHTir, Aa Apym- 
TBO ocTane Rao hito je, a Aa ce npoHene ABa-TpB q^ianRa 
y saRony o ARaAennJE. 

J. SEyjoBHfc ^e;iH, Aa to hag npoA CBe 0A(5ope; neRa 
ce qyje r;iac cbhx OA<5opa. 

IIoTHpeAceAHHR HanoMBfte, Aa ce Moae h Hoc;ie 

AaTH OA(5opHMa to, hito ROMBCHJa HspaAH. 

M. *£. MEJiHteBHti Be;in, Aa je rjiaBHO to, Aa AO- 
($HJeMo naiipT. J[^ 6hcmo noxHpH^iH o6a Hsnecena npeA^ora, 
OH MHc^H Aa ($H Tpe6a^o, Aa CBaRH OAceR nstfepe h3 CBOJe 
cpeAHHe no jeAHor q^iana, rojh te ca ynpanoM ylH y sa- 
jOAHHqRH oi6op. 



368 CKvn cpncKOFA yqEHor apvihtba 

A. BacHj»eBflti no hobo hcth^o nHxafte o onciaHBy 
ApyniTBa. IIpHCTaje, a^ o asMeHH CTaTyxa peniH napo^uTH 
OA(5op, a;iH Hajnpe Haqe^Ho, xofceMo ;ih ^a Me&aMo craxyie, 
H^H He. 

M. KyjyH^Hfc bgjih, ^a je (Jo^e ^a xa cTBap hab 
jeAHOM 0A(5opy. C^iaae ce ca npoAjioroM AjiKOBHteBHM, h 
TSieMiy A^ <*'6 Ha^e HesH na^HH, no roho 6h h AsaAOMflja h 
yqeno ApyrnxBo aajeAHMiBH paAHJiH. 

IIoxnpeAceAHHK nexa CKyn, a* ^m npHita npOA- 
^or A;iK0BHb6B, KOJH ce cjiaace ca H>eroBHH iipeA^oron, c 

Cttyn npHMa xaj npcA^or. 

Bp. 11. 

IIoxnpeAceAHHS cxaB^a Ha AHeBHH poA nHxaH»6 o 
HMafty, noB^iacxHitaMa h o cxany Yqenora ApymxBa. ^Hxa 
nncMO MHHHCxpoBo OA 6 jyjia o. r. kojhm ce nape^yje, Aa 
ce AEaAeMHJH ycxyna 6H({;iHoxeKa n aOHpKe xe naxa, xoteiio 
A]i HE ycxynHXH Apymxeno HMaH>e, zau hmo pes^anoBaxH 
name npano. 

M. KyjyHijHt bojIH, Aa J6 npH rpal^eifcy saKona o 
AKaABMBJn 6iiAB, HABJa xa, Aa ce na np. HcxopHJCBH AORy- 
MeHXH qynajy na joahom Mecxy, Aa ce h apxHBa qyBa na jeA- 
HOM Mecxy, H Aa ce oho mxo je nayqHO KOHitenxpHme hoa jeA- 
HOM ynpaBOM. TaKo cxpaHi^H Mory ^laKHie Aa npoyqe oho mxo 
HM je noxpe6Ho. 

IIoxnpeAceAHHK OAroBapa: aKo Yqeno ApJ^^xbo 
ocxane n BJiaAa xo OAo6pH, oHAa h H>eroBO HMaH>e Mopa 
ocxaxH. 

A. BacHAOBHti i[Hc;iH, Aa ce HMaae ApyinxBeno ne 
Moate AaxH hhkom aok ApymxBO aocxojH. A KaA oho npe- 
cxane, OHAa HMaae npnnaAa napoAHOJ 6H({;iHoxeitH. To mxo 
ce aaxxena oa Hac npoxHBHO je, bb^ih, h ycxaBy. AKaAeMHja 
HOHce ce cjiysRHXH naniHM HMaH>eM n boa Hac. 



CKvn cpncKorA y^EHor 4PynrrBA 369 

M. Ti. MM^iHtieBHli bojIh, Aa jo HMaite YqeHor Apy^n- 
TBa HeBiTo Apyro, a Apyro cy 8(5HpKe. 6H(5jiHOTeitH HMa 
napoMHTH saKOH. ButfjiHOTeKa yqenor ApysiTsa CMaxpa ce Rao 
cacTaBHH ABO HapoAHe ^HtfjiHOTeKe^ caMo mio ce sace^HO boah. 
GaA ce saROHOM nape^yje^ a& ce to HMaH»e npenece na ARa- 
AenHJy. MHHHcxap nHia ApyinxBO, RaRO be to hsbpbihth. Mh 
CMo y aRaAenHJH mhc^oh, a^ ce to cnopasyHHO HSBpniH. 
3aAys($BHe Eocxe XapH-PHCTHba h MapHJe MH^HBojeBHtiRe 
BeRa ocTaay roa ApyniTBa, a RH»B»BBita h apxHsa, ocoChto 
CTapa BHCita, Aa ce ycTyne aRaAeMHJH. — Ob mbcjih Aa He 
Tpe6a BB pemaBaTB o TOMe, jep roae ApynrrBO h3 Asejy co(5a 
y BejiHRoj ]IIro;ib, na Bena ce rAe ocraBBTB ApyniTBeBo 
BMafi>e. H BapoABa 6B({;iB0TeRa ap»h RH>Bre Bet y xoABBRy, 
jep BOMa MOCTa y co6aMa. He Tpe6a, Be^iw, aobochtb ro- 
BaqBy OA^yRy o TOMe b Be Tpe(5a noRpeTaxB Ty Majiy 3a- 
AeBBity, BO Tpe(5a npBCxyBBTB ype^eB>y ApyniTBeBOM, na no- 
cjie BatB srpaAy, tao te ce cmoctbtb CTsapn. — SaBpmyje 
c TOM BanoMenoM, Aa aor ce saROB Be BSiieBB, MopaMo My 
ce noRopasaTB, b Aa niTO je CTe^eno ApatasBOM cy^BeBiiBJOM 
CMaTpa ce Aa je ApsasBo. 

IIoTnpeAceABBR BanoMBB>e, Aa yieBO ApyniTBO BMJe 
npecTa;io, b sa to 6H(5ABOTeRa ocTaje H>eroBa. IlHTa CRyu, 
RaRo te ce nocrynBTB, aor ce ApynrrBo ne npeypeAH. 

A. Bacfl^eBBii npeA^ase, Aa ce o BMaH>y ne pe- 
mafia, aor ce Be peniH, nrra Le 6htb c yqoBBM ApyniTBOM. 

M. EyjyB^Bfc bojih, RaRO ce y PycHJB, $paBitycROJ, 
EBFJiecRoj B ApyrBM seMJbaMa cnajajy ($B6;iB0TeRe b apxHfie, 
B Aa CptfBJa Bete Ba bobo to pemaBaTB, mTo je y ApyroM 
CBOTy Bet pemeBo. HIto je saROBOM Bape^eBo, to ce Mopa 
BpmBTB; B OB, BOJiB, Boto coAeTH y TOM ApyiHTBy, Roje Bete 
Aa BSBpmH saROB. 

J. AsaRyMOBBt OAroBapa KyjyB^Bty : RaA cto BMa^iH 
BJiacT, mTo BBCTe BSBpmfl^in 3aR0B? 3a mTo aac Aa^e nn- 

roAOHHK LXIX. 24 



370 dKvn cpncKorA vMEHor ApyiuTBA 

Tajy? A KEA Hac flHiajy, mh cmo e^aabtrbil a^ OAroBopHno. 
Hy HHJe npaKTHTOO BesHBaiH obo HHTaite o HMaH>y c ohhm 
npBHM nHTa&eM o npeype^eay ApymrBa. IlHTafte je : ah ab 
Moae B^acT OAyaeiH Huaite oa ApyniTBa, h aKo Moae, Aa 
AE je TO y peAy? 

IIoTnpeAceAHHE Be^H, Aa obo nHTa&e ipetfa oa- 

;iO»HTH. 

CKyn TO ycBaja. 

Bp. 12. 

CenpoTap Job. BomKOBHli qHTa uacmo pesTopa 
BejiHRe niRo^e, kojbh TpaasH, npoMa MHHHCTapcKoj napeAtiH, 
Aa ce o6e co6e ApymTBene ycTyne 3a CAymaoHHite. 
noMe Tora Ka«e, Aa <5h TpeCajio Aa TpaaHMo CTan sajeAHO 
ca aBaAOHHJoM, c kojoh h caA sajoAHO sbbbho. ARaAeMBJa 
una cy6B6Hiuijyy a mh HeiiaHO, sa caA 6e ona Mooa HaLn 
CTan; a nocjie 6hcxo n;iatiajiH no no^a. — 3a Bpeiie mofjih 
(Imcmo OTBopMTH jeAHy co6y peKiopy, aKo My Tpe6a. 

M. Ban uase ce c thm, Aa aBaAOMBJa na^e 3ajeA- 
HHMKH CTaH 3a o6a ApyinTBa. 

noTnpeAceAHHK OAroBapa, Aa mh ho MoateMo pe- 
maBaTH tom, niTa he aBaAeMHJa qHESTH. Mh, bcjih, HMaMo 
CTaH, a aBaAeMHJa Hena. 

K. AjiBOBHii Be^iH, Aa 6h aBaAeMHJa Morjia HabH cteh. 
na npHMHTH nac Bao rocTe. y Be^iHBOJ IIIbojih HeMa aobojI»ho 
MecTa, TaBO Aa je oh Mopao oa cbojhx Ba(jHHeTa ycrynHTH 
joAHy co6y 3a cjiyniaoHMity. (^yje ce: neBa ce Hce^H ph- 
MHasHJa !) 

n. CpetBOBHt MHc;iH, Aa (5h Tpe6a.«o, Aa (5eorpaA- 
CBH OBpyr HaupaBH ce6H rHMHasHJy, na 6e 6eao MecTa h 3a 
Be^iHBy niBOJiy m sa ApyniTBa h sa napoAHy (JntfAHOTeBy. 

A. B a c H jb e B u L je MHniJbeH>a, Aa no idto MHHMCTap 
Mopa AaTH CTan aBaA<'MHJH, to oiiAa ynpaBa y^OHor Apyai- 



bnyn cpncKorA y^EHOr ^PVinTBA 371 

TBa HCKa CTjnH y CBeay c h>om, na 4a ce hcc^ih, aok ce ho 
peniH iiHTaifce oiicxaHKy ApyinTBa. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK OArosapa, Aa aKaAeMHJa Hena hh- 
nixa, na 3a to Hena mxa a^* C6;ih. 

J. SEyjoBHt (ceKpeiap aKaAeMHJe) Be^in, a* je aKa- 
AexHJa Ha yjiHiiH. ILene cy RH>Hre na xaBany reoJioniRor na- 
^HHeia. 3a to yqeno ApyniTBO ne Moae hLh TaMo, tac jo 
jooi rope. — CKyn to ne ito»e penniTH; Hero neKa ce 
vnpaBa no6pHHe sa CTan. Moa^e 6hth, BejiH, a^ 611 ce syba 
noE. J. raBpH;ioBHiia, Koja je hoa HaA3opoM MHHHCTapcxBa 
iipocBCTe, MOTJia ao6hth sa y^eno apJIDtbo. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK CTaBjta to uHTaH>e na r^acaH>e, h 
CKyn OAJJy^H: 

OB^iaratyje ce ynpasa a* ce noCpHne sa CTan ApyniTBy. 

Bp. 13. 

IIoTnpeAceAHHK Aaje OAMop oa 10 MHHyTa, paAH 
AoroBopa HsCopy npoAceAHMKa obomo APpiTBy. 

Ilocjie OAMopa oaca^io ce c noMofcy jiHCTHta, h pesyjiTax 
r;iacaH.a 6m je Taj : a^ j© 3a npeAceAHHKa yqenoM ApyniTBy, 
aa roAHHy Koja AO^asH, H3a6paH orpoMHOM BetHHOM rjiacoBa 
apxHMaHApHT H. AyqHt. 

Ilocjie Tora, npeAceAHHK 3axBajH Apy^nTBy na noBe- 
peH»y na saBpniH cacTanaK cKyna y 6 qacoBa y Boqe. 

DpeAceAHUK cnyna, 
CeKpexap, H. AT^™^ c. p. 

Job. BohibobhL c. p. 

CKynoM u3a6paHH qjianoBH noiUHCKHnH : 

Ct. ToAopoBHk c. p. K. AjikobhL c. p. 

ViipaBOM ii3a6paHH noniHCHHUH : 
(na MecTo OHHX KOJH He Cexy ua CKyny) 

B. BaRHL c. p. n. GpeksoBHL c. p. 



•2 4* 



HsMa BHine Ha npo^ajy obh> 



A. H3AAH.A yKEHOfA fl^fymiHK. 

1. OpncM QUOUBKsnjs, ez fly6poBa^KP apxHB. np*Tfi»ri.M Ksea 

MeAO II]r^Hh. Kitura l-*^*.-- --240 

2. UpenECKa BeHeflUKra KpajtsBHia o jmny - — 4^ 
a. fleJiOBO^HS npoTOKoji Kapa^op1(eB* rpai^a m uonujj cpncny 

KCTopujy. 4*20 I , " ■ J 6C^ 

4 . Cl^Ta Topa ca ctpane Bepe, yMeTttocxit it noHecuiiue* Oa A- 

AepaMoriuhti *-**.«* ,•.,.*. 

5, CpnOKO EapO^na njeCI^S "a Bochg h XepueroBHae. Cnynito 

Boro4*y5 IleTpanoBHh, KiLnra 1 (1 867) - • < • • * ■ - 
Kii>nry III (1870) Ha^ao je caM CKyn.ba^. 
<j. UeCJIH Ea3EH0QTH, npatmy u cpoxcxBiiMft a a yiianpet)n- 
uaifie KiiiKmcDiioCTH cpiicRO*xpBaTUKe. Oa Ortb« yrje- 
meHoniiha OcrpoHumcKor *,♦..,,* 

7. EcTPpHJa yMHor paasHia Jespone, oji u. v. 4penepa. c eu- 



— 80 



4 SQ 



t - 



rjeciiora npeoeo MiiTa Panifh. 4oo i 



^ ao 



B. OTHCUM H3 MACHMKA. 

1 Acta arcUvi Yeneti. npcnncao j-p. J. IlIa«^apuK. Kn^Hra I ji n, 4 so 

2. rp60BH CpnOKSS seMaJLa. Hanpi a. CMwiiha *,..._ 80 

3. npe/^Jior sa say^aBaae szHoia uapoAa cpucKor. Oa a., 4y- 



B. KHiMrE, KOJE CV nPEUIilE V CBOIHHy 
APyUJTBA. 



1. reorpa$S]CRO-<!TaTHCTHTOH peiEHK Cp^MJe. 04. J- 
3; BorOMEJIZ. Oa A-pa D. nDTpanoanba . - - ^ « - * 



PaBpH- 



1 It} 
I 80 
1 llU 



i 



HeMa BHine na npo^ajy obhj i£it?ifr^ 



A. H3AAftA YHEHOrA AP-UIJ^**- 



1 . CpncKZ csoMeBHHH H3 syopoBa'^e apzEBJ, rrp-trr 

MeAO nyunh, KH^ara 1 • • 

2, npenHCKa BeHe^SKTa HpaJteBHia o ynw 

a. flsJlOBOflHH UpOTOKOJI Kapa^Op^eB. r^pal^^ aa uoeajy cpncKjr 
iicTopvijy. A^o I * , * ^ ' 

4 , ClCia Topa ca CTpane nepe, yMeTHOCTH it nonecnr|U0, Oa 4. 

ABpajiOftHha .'-•*»*<»*-' ^ » * - * ^ ♦ 

5. CpnCKS HapOflHO njeCWQ «3 BocHe m XepHeroaaae. CKyimo 

Boro.Ly6 neTpaiioBuh. KruHra I (1867) -••-.••' 
KHiTiry III (1870) naAao je caw cKyriAaT. 
^j, KhCJIS Ba^EOCTB, npatjuy H cpciCTGaMa aa ynaiipel)ii- 
B a ifc e K ifc H JK e H H o c T M cpncKo-xpBaTCKa. Oa Orib, YTje- 

menoBiiha OcTpoHuiHCKor 

ECTDpHJa JMEOr pa3BH£a Jespona, oa U* ^^ 4penepa/ C ea- 
r^ecKora npeueo MwTa Pai^uti. A^^ I • 






2 40 
t GO 

^ ao 

4 80 



1 — 



2 to 




B. OTHCUM M3 MACHHKA. 

Acta archivi Veneti. npetmcao i-p. j. iiiaa'apuK. Kn^Hra r n it. 

rp60BH CpnCKHX 30MaJta, HaupT A. CHMHba 

Hpe^^Jior aa Hay^aiaBe KZBoia napo^a cpncKor. Oa a. Hy- 
Kiiha , , ^ . . 



B. KIbMrE, KOJE Cy nPEliJ/IE y CBOJMHy 
APyiiJT'BA, 



4 80 
^ 80 

— 40 



1. reDrpa$H]CKO-CTaTllCTH'lHH pOTOEJE Cp6ige. 

^. OpncKa CHsraKoa, oa b. 4auiiMniia ^ • • 

3, EorQMHJMp Oa A'pa U. IleTpauoitnba * - ^ , 



04, J faiipM- 



l 2t) 
4 SO 
t 50 



M 3 A A lb A 

cpncKorA y^EHor jifvuitba 



TjiaeHiTR ^ ^*^ 6 0. — Oa nH>MrG 2y ao 6U irpOAaJe co Kowa^ "o 

CuMo KJi.jrra 67 craje . - « * 

^ — Hewa iunire liii apo.iajy KtMir>e I ao ^ft. 

r^ACtiHR Il-or OAO.KBA* I* npoTOifo-i m a fi a H K O r Mam- 
CTpara, 1808 an 12 .,..,, 

n. C 11 o M e tt H a iJ o tU h e It. M a j o M, Hcntscao C\ ^Ay'^Mh. 

nil TV. V. VI, C ti o M f* It ti ti u w 3 (j y 4 1* M c K o r n n e- 

niTufiCKor apxuBftH O4 T. BiiTKOtiUhii, KiMira no • • 

— VII- iKuTitja Kpaj> apncKWX, ype^wo Mtiau Oaejio- 

BHh 1877 • - * 

— ^ VIIL KpMiiija Mopa^Ka, da H* ^lyiiiha. t K7T - * • 

rx. TlpttnoaeTKa o AJeKCaujipy liejHBOM, o\ Ct. 

HofiattoBitha, 1S78 • - ^ •-.*•-,,.-♦. 

X. Htipoaue njecMe 113 cTapujHX, iiajanirie ripn&ioprt^iix 

3a«MCti. CKjrnno u Ha cuhjct usAao B. BorniUHh. Kii>Mra 
1. C pacitpauoM o j, fiyrupiriTimuMa* a c pjo'UmKOM * * • 



2 — 



. XI. Mopaua, ca 61 cjukom, oa A, A,*eKCiiha * < . . - 2 — 

Xll 4e'^aHCKe xp nee ay, fie. oa M, C« MiuoJeDulia * I — 

— XIII. Bopfia Aor*poiiOA.aiiEor wi^apeKor Kopa^ qa 

H. ^Mnha* 18S1 ...-.**« , - , * , , 
^ KlV* H c T p H j c K H c n o M e M 11 u H « a a t a 4 ti J a ii en u x 

apmma, OA D- Maitymeiia. U. KU,iira, 18 82 - - * • • 

XV. OpTontepe yCpfiMjMi oa A-pa J. OauHuha. ISS3, 

^ HeMa imme ua npo.iajy Kn.Mro Vll, 

IL IIoceoHa ^^ejia, (7 u ij^ig): 

0. CpncRH ciiiiiHetfHUH tf:i Ayrtpaaa^Ke apxUBn, llpoiiucao iu*©i 

Me A" Hyatih, liihtira 11 ■ * ■ »*--..-' . 
0. HcTopwja y^Hor paannUa Jrapotir, U* V. ilpenepa, II. 4eo ^ 
L OuHc Ap*>BHacTJ! cpa€KH\ y CaeTOj FiipK, Oa 4. AapaMOMHtia 

2, CpiiCKe HapoAHe tteewe- n^ K XnuH-rHcTHha - ^ 

3, Cput'Re HapoAHe iipuiioaiij^TKc^ naHajaauxe itpatKe ii uiaA^HMe 

CKvniio UyK Hp'ieiaiti, KiLKfa U l*S58 -*.**. 

4, CpucEe aapOAife Hrpe. Oiiuciio IVvk Bp<ioaiili . * . . 

5, CpucKa Oafi.imirpinpuja, IT 4 1—186 7. o.i Cr. HoH-iKoiutha 

6, Elent'buji plant anim yasfiiilarium qnm apstate a, 1§7^ In Crtia 

Gora lo^Jt l*i ►*. l'iin<^k' * * 

7, Ea^aift <le quadrat lire 4u c erc^li^. Par t*. Neii6 

8, Le prndiile romp^'iini* n'*?^btii pas. Par L. Klerl6 ■ • • 

9, UeTopuja cpucE<»ra iiapOAa. Oa 11 Cpi hi oiaiha, Kiuura U 

lit Othchh m TjiacaEKa, (3 u i = 4]: 

L €pii€RH aeTopuJcKO'-ftTHOrpa^lH^Kii wyuej, tlpoA^or n Han[|>TCT. 

HouaKOBuha. lieorpaA lw7"2 ♦,....... 



- »0 



3 -^ 



rJlACHMR 



cpncKorA y^EHor apyhitba 



Ksarx 70 



PACnPABE H AF^rH HJIAHIXH 



CI flBE rm^ETOE THEJIEUE 



y bEorpAAV isss 

y Hi T A w n A P n J II it t» A ^ e iv u ii e c p b i* J e 



Bh tfpd^tiJv 1/ K*fc««IPMjrtf«H< 



[« lU £iiwifJdpEi»^ 



rJlACHMR 



cpncKorA y^EHor APYniTBA 



KEZn 70 



PACnPABE H AP^^I^H .^JIAHUH 



C2 ABS rF£$EHHE T£EJIBnS 



y EEorPAAy isss 

y IIITAMnAI'MJll KPA^EUUHE CPBHJK 



Uu upoAajy y Hfh%ti)§eapnu^u B, Bv^ooieufia 






n p E r Ji E A- 



OTPAUA 

1 . Ku'r^ecka, a'paunycKa h cpncKa nopora. Hanucao J. "B. Asa- 

KyMOBHh. (HacTasaK) 1 

?. CTaH>e jaBHe HacTase y Kpa^OBuuH Cp6ujH aa 1878 h 1879 
lUKo^cKy roAHHy. Ca abg rpa4>u<iHe TaCanue. Oa BoroAyCa 
JoeaHObuha 6 5 

3. Ha TUMO^Kc KpajHue. KHOKeeanKu onpyr. IIpHJor aa ucto- 

pHjy H exHorpa^Hjy Cp6Hje. Ox 4paroAy6a K. JoBaHOBHha. -149 

4. HeMaibHHa 4y6oHHna. (HaMeH>eHO r. H. C. JacxpeGoBy). Oa 

n. CpehKOBuha 202 

5. BHTOc-iaBa h Je*HMuja. Oa Hcxora i.HCua * 213 

f). O aaaqajy Aniphioxus lanceolalus-a. Oa 4o6pocjaBa M. Py- 

MiHha 239 

7. KaKBa je AaTimcKa rpauaTHKa noxpeOHa aa Banie rHMHaaiije? 

Oa A-pa .1. TypoMaHa 257 

8. Ha <,4aHHqHheB0M Benepy." ToBop JoBaua BouiKOBuha • » 321 



«x« 



EHr/IECKA, (DPAHUYCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA. 

HAnUCAO 

J. S. ABaxyMOBEi. 



(hactabak). 

E. FasaH nojLOsaj npeAce^HHsa y nopoTHOM cy^y 
npH saKAy^Ky HSBH^aaa Ha npeTpecy. 

y npeTxoAHHM OAejBbiiHMa roBOpHJiH CMO paABaiia npe^- 
C6AHHK0BHM J nopoTHOH cjAj upe npoTpeca H 3a BpeM6 OBora. 

A oBAe LeMO caA napo^HTO Aa roBopHMo o ohoj noMeA- 
ftoj paAH>H npeAC6AHHROBoj, RojoM ce saBpmyje hsbh^j na 
npeipecy, noue Roje nopoiHHiJiH npHciynajy pemaBafty o 

SpHBHI^H HAUL H6BHH0CTH OnxyaLeEHBOBOJ. 

Ty pasyieMO peq, kojom npeAceAHHE nopoTHor cyAa 
saBpmyje H3BH^aj na npeipecy. 



I. y EHr/iecKoj. 

Ilpe Hero mxo 6h npoAceAHHR nopoTHor cyAa no3Bao 
nopoTHHBe, Aa npBcxyne pemaBa^y o bphbhi^h ulah HesHHO- 
CTB oniyaceHHSOBOJ, — oh ce o6palia nopoTHHuinMa c 6ece- 
AOMy y Kojoj BpaxKO HSJiase cia^e cxBapn npexa iiejioj hc- 
xpa3n H sasoHy. 

Ta npeAceAHHBOBa saBpmna 6eceAa HMa ABa rjianna fl,&ASL: 

rjACUDK LXX. 1 



Z EHr^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA U CPnCKA OOPOTA 

a., HpeAMeTHH; h 

6.J SaSOHCKK HAUL npaBHH. 

y npBOM AeAj npeAceAHHK o6palia naafty nopoTHiiKa 
Ha one okojihocth, soje cy Basne sa peme&e. CeM lora oh 
y TOM ACJiy (JecoAO napoquTo noMHae AOKase, kojh cxoje y 
BesH c TEH noJeAHHHM BasHHH OKo^iHOCTHMa ; HaroBemtiyje 
KaKBHM C6 CBBAOiiHMa H HcnpaBaMa Mome BepoBaxH h kojihko; 
H aKO HMa KasBHx ocHOBa HOAaspeHia, pasjiase, mxa ce h3 
H>HX Kao JiorH^HO Moae HSBecTH. y onraie npeAceAHHK Ty 
KpaiKo H HeyxpajiHO Ea^aa^e neAO CTa&e ciBapH, npeiia Bone 
Le nopoTHHi^H EHaxH AA HCEamy cBOJy OA^ysy. 

Cbc to npeAceAHHK je Ayatan paAHTH c TaKBOM ne- 
iipHCTpacHOfflty H otfaspHBOfflliy, a^ h nopoA Tora nopoTHH- 
ilHMa onex Tpe6a a^ ocraje caBpmeHa c;io6oAa y pemaBaH»y. 
Tom CBOJOM aaBpniHOM 6eceA0M npeAceAHHK ynpaB HAe caMO 
Ha TO, Aa 6h ojiaRHiao nopoTHHiiHMa AO($po noJHMa&e h 
oneny npeAMOTa. Ajih HHKaKO He CMe a^ <$yA6 upoTypdH»e 
npeAceAHHKOBor MHmjBbe&a koa nopoTHHKa. C Tora aerona xa 
6ec6Aa yBeK Mopa a**^ B^a o6;ihk caio yc^OBHor naqHHa ro- 
Bopa. TaEO, na npH^iHKy, npeAceAHHK HHKaA ne cne a^ Kase, 
Aa nopoTHHiiH Tpe6a a* Bepyjy hah ne nepyjy obhm hjih ohhm 
CBeAOiiHMa hah AOKaanxa. Ha npoxHB npeAceAHHK enrAecKor 
nopoTHor cyAa nopoTHHi^HMa yneK roBopn oa npnjiHKe onaKo: 
;9aR0 6yAeTe BepoBa^H, a^ j^ obo hah oho AOKasano ca cbo- 
AOitHia, oHAa h8 to okoahocth Tpe6a HsnecTu OBanaB hah 
onaKaB 3aKA»yqaK.'' „Ha npoxHB aKo 6h cr» OAAyqHAH a* ho 
Bepyjexe cBOAOi^HMa, oHAa je nocACAHAa xora OBanaB hah 
onaKaB saKJbyqaE/ 

Hapoqnxo je npeAceAHHK Ayaan y xoj CBOJoj 6eeeAH 
o6paxHXH na«H>y nopoxHHRa na xo : aEO 6h KasnenH nocxy- 
naK y aoxhihom onxyaefty HspeKOi xpaano cano HSBecne ao- 
Kaae aa HapeKy »kphb* Aa naae, Aa ^h HMa xhx AOKaaa. TaKo, 
na npHABRy, koa neAenaAaje h RpHBOKAecxBa, enrAecKO Ka- 



EHr^ECKA, ^PAHUVGKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 3 

BHeHO npaBO sa Aosas KasHOHe OAroBopocxfl Tpaa^H Hape- 
KOM 6ap ABa CBBAOKa; c xora je npeAceAHHK y TaBBUM 
onxynLeftHHa Ay»a.H nopoTHHiiHiia napo^HTO a^ HanoMene xaj 
3aB0HCEH saxxeB. 

To je, y MaBHOM, oeaj npBH ago saBpmHe npeAceAHn- 
BOBe (JeceAe upeA nopoxHHM cyAOM. 

3a XRM Hacxaje oHaj Apyrn a^o aeroBe 6eceAe. To je 
BaKOHCKH HJiH npaBHH A^o OAHOGHO caMOF MaiepHJajiHor Ba- 
BHenor saBOHa, a ne h ^opiia^Hor, o ^eiy cho HanpeA ro- 
BopH^iH. y xoMe ApyroM A6Jiy npeAC3AHHB paa/iame, mxa ce 
no BasHenoM aaBOHy saxxeBa Bao noxpe6aH yoioB aa nojaH 
OHor 8;ioqHHa, o Bone Le nopoxHEiiH a^ cyAe. Abo 6h 6h;io 
BBme cayqecHHBa y BaBBOM onxyse&y, npeAceAHHB RSJiase, 
no qeMy ce BaBBa yjiora CMaxpa aa rjiaBny, a no ^eHy onex 
Bao cnoMotna, Y onmxe y xom APyroM ^gaj, npeAceAHHB 
<5e cxapa, Aa nopoxHHUHMa jacno h paaroBexHO npeACxaBH 
CBO aaBOHCBe yuoBe aa onexojafte oeor a^o^HHa, o bomo 
<5e cyAH. 

Taj Apyrn Aeo, HMajytK aa cBojy ocHOBHny OApoA^e 
nojiosHor aaBona hjih naqejia HayBe, paayiie ce, Aa je npn- 
poAe noanxHBHHJe, nero oHaj npBH. Ty npeACOAHHE ne 
i5Me Aa ynoxpe^H ycjiOBan o6jihb roBopa. Hy y fteny npoA- 
feAHBB nopoxHHiiHMa Aaje BpaxBy, jacny h noyaAany noysy 
o OApeA^aHa xaxepHJa^iHor aaBona h;ih npaBHHM naqe^niia, 
OA BOJHX xpe6a Aa aaBHcn paayiiHa pacnpaBa caMor onxy- 
ise&a, Eoje je npoA nopoxnvmHMa. Ty npeAceAHHB nopox- 
HHBe ynpaB o6aBemLyje o npaBHHM h aaBoncBHM yc^o- 
BHia aa oncxojafte Aoxnqnor Ba»&HBor A^-^a, o eomo jo 
peq. Oh xy roBopn c ayBxopHxexoM npaBHor h aaBoncBor iio- 
3HaBaoita, na y xom Ayxy h npani^y Mopa Aa ce n jaB^a 
Taj ago aeroBe 6eceAe. Hy onex napaBHO Aa cy nopox- 
HHiiH H npeBo xora caBpmeno cjio6oahh y CBOJoj OA^yiin. Ta 
ooyBa npeAceAHHBOBa hao cane na xo, Aa nopoxHRitHMa 

1* 



4 EHT^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 

ojicisma H>HxoBy saAaby; a^H oia npn cb6m toh hhj6 o6a- 
Be3fla 8a nopoTHHse. 

Ta neA2L saBpmHa 6ec6Aa npeAceAHHsoBa jecT ynpaBO 
spaxKO HSAarafte (resum^) ciBapHor h npaBHor CTaH»a 
y HSBecflOM onTyasefty, Koje EnrAesH 30By: summing up^ 
charge. 

Jom y TpHHaecTOM Beny HMa y eHr.iecROM cyACTBy xpa- 
roBa Tone, aa cy npeACOAHBi^ii nopoTHHiJiHMa A^BajiH TasBe 
CTBapne h saRoncKe noyne ne caMO y KasflenHM, BeL h y 
rpal^aHCRHM cy^eftHia. 

niTa BHffle MH^Hy noyKy AHBao je npeAceAHHK h nopoT- 
HEDlBKa j.Be^HKo'' nopoTe, Roja, Kao mio cmo nanpeA nosa- 
3aJiH, pemaBa caMO o cxaBJObafty hjih HecxaB^afty noA cyA.(^) 

Obab netie 6hth cyBHmHO a& HanoHeneMO, RaRo je y 
Enr^iecRoj leRaAa xa npeAceAHH^Ra noyRa nopoiHHiiHMa a 

npaBHOH H BaROHCROH A^AJ DpeAMeTB 6HJia TOAHRO o($aBe3Ha 

aa nopoTHBRe, a^^ je npeAceAHBR HMao B^acTH RaanaMa no- 
poTHHRe HarHaxH aa BBme i^ene R>eroBO MHin^e&e y xoMe^ 
Hero npoxHBHO. Cei xora npeAeeAHHR je, h no CBpmenoM wa- 
cafty nopoxHBRa, HMao npaaa, hro je cMaxpao sa Henyxny no- 
poxHHqRy OAJiyRy, nopoxHHRe a* nnxa sa pasjiore h npaBHe 
ocHOBO 3a &HXOBy OAA^Kjj xpyAeliH ce na xaj na^HH, a^ ^^ 
OHH upoMeHHjiH cBojy OAJiyRy. 

Hy xo ynpaa npHCHJsaBa&e nopoxHHRa RasHOM, aa 6^ 
OA^y^HJiH OHaROy RaRO 6h hhc;iho npoAceAHHR nopoxHor cyAa^ 
HHje ce KOMO OApsaxH cnpax BApane CBecxH Enrjieaa h h>h- 
xoBO resK&Q 3a c;io6oAOM H caMOcxaiiHomLy. Oho je npecxa^io 
y Enr^iecRoj jom roAHne 1670. 

Mel^y XHM H AS'Hac He cbho enr^iecRH npeAceAHHi^H no- 
poxHBx cyAOBa, Beb h jaBHo MHnui>eH>e y Enr^iecRoj, o^e- 



(') O OBoj npeAceAHHKOBO] 6eceAH bhah Biener, Englisches- 
Gescbworenengericbt, kh,. II, cxp. 139 — 141. 

Muhry, y peqeBoj kh>h3h, A^jy II, cxp. 599 — 600. 



EHr^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA O 

fcyjy OA nopoTHHKa AB. cey qncio npaBHHM nHiaftHiia 
ynpaBAajy no noyriH npeAceAHHKOBOJ, Kao ^OBeKa CTpyqna h 
SHajiiia. C) 

Kao mTO bhahmo h3 OBora, uoaoslb,] npeAceAHflsa y en- 
TJiecKOM nopoTflOM cyAy Bp^o je Basan h oa BeJiMKor yra- 
iiaja. Oa SHaiba h BemiHEe npeACOAHtiKOBe qecTo saBHCE Bp;io 
HHoro. IIpeAce^jHHK Moae Ty CBojy Ayanoci Aa HSBpniH Be- 
mio H HenpHCTpacHo. A nose y Tone a^ ce nosase n h6- 
Bemx HAUL napTaHqaH. H>eroB nojioaiaj ji,B,KAe xose Aft <$yA6 
KOJiHKO KopHCTaH, TOAHRO H onacaH 3a onTysoHHsa. Oa &6- 
roB6 BOJbe H BeniTHHe qecxo saBHcn Bpjio hhofo. To Mome 
Aa 6yAe napo^HTo c lora, mio noae Te &eroB6 saBprnne 
((ecGAe HeMa npaBa hhro jom mra a^ roBopn o caHOJ CTBapi 
HAUL paayiieBaiby aaRona. ^ 

JoAHHa, 6ap y HORy pyRy, Ronipojia naA tom npeAceA- 
HHROBOM 6eceA0M joffl je y Tone, mio ay npoAceAHHR ncRa- 
3yje jaBHO npeA nopoTHHM cyAOM, y npHcycTBy He caio 
TysHo^eBOH, BeL h CBHJy 6paHH;iaiia h lysfl^aiia. 

nocAO Te npHveA^e a^ bhahmo mxa 6iiBa a^^g na ch- 
r^ecROM nopoTHOM npeipecy. 

Ho CBpmeTRy to npeAceAHHROBe 6eceAe, nacTaje r;iaBHH 
paA nopoTHH^RH, a to je pemaBa&e: a^ ^h je onxyse- 

HHR RpflB HAUL HHJe? 

KaRo ce Bpme to pemaBafte noRasaLeiio AOAHHJe, RaA 
(JyAeio roBopHJiH onpecy^eay. 

HcTO xaRo AOAHHje RaaabeMO Hame onmHpHHJe MHmjbe&e 
H OHOH npeAceAHnqROM paAy npH saBpmeTRy npeTpeca. 

A caA A^ npel^eHO Ha noAOsaj n paA npeAceAHHROB y 
«paH^ycROM nopoTHOM eyAy. 



(*) Biener, Geschworenengericht, Aeo Apym, cxp. 149 — 141. 



b EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPOCKA nOPOTA 

II. y 0paHi]iycKOj. 

Kao H y EHr^esa, laKO je h y ^paHAysa, Her^a je 
npeAceAMK nopoiHor eyAa Ayatan 6ho npH Kpajy npexpeca^ 
npeA nopoTHBM cyAOM, y KpaiKo uopoTHHAHia Aa npeACiaeH 
craae CTBapn. $pafliiy3H to aosy ^rfisum^.* 

Hy Tdj paA <&paHiiycKHX npeAceAHHKa y nopoTHOM cyAy 
6ho je pa3JiH^afl oa OHor, o komo Ba;io npe roBopacMO koa 
npeAceAHBKa eHr^iecKBx nopoTHHX cyAOBa. 

y $paH^ycKoj npeAceAHHB je xaAa caio y KpaxKO H3Jia- 
rao (r^suin^) ciaite cxBapn npena nsBHt^ajy ; otfpatao naai&y 
nopoxHHKa Ha AOKaae KaKo one, kojh roBope y Bopncx on- 
xysteHHROBy, xaKo n one, kojh cy npoxHB H>era ; h Hajnoc^e 
HanoHBH>ao hm je, mxa je H>BXOBa AysHocx h saAaxan. IIpeA- 
ceAHHE 6vL xaAa nopoxHsi^Hxa a^bbo ynpaB cane KpaxaK h 
paaroBexan nper^eA npH(5paHHX AORaaa, kojh cy BaacHH 3a 
pacnpany cxBapnor niixaH>a, xaRO 3BaHor <>aRxa o bphbhg[h 
HJiH HeBHHOCXH onxyxeHHROBOJ. 

Me^y THM HHBaBBy noyRy o xaRO HasBanoM npaBHOM 
HHxa&y, npaBHHM naqe^iQiia hjih OApeA($aMa no3HxHBHor 3a- 
KOHa, npeAceAHDK HHJe Aasao «»paHuycK0M nopoxHHiiHMa. TaRO 
je RCA $paHuy3a c xora raxo naxaRe o rphbhi^h hjih ne- 
BHHOCXH, Koje nopoxHHAH HMajy Aft pacnpane, ohh CMaxpajy 
Rao qncxo cxBapno bjih oauxH^Ho. 

$paHiiy8H nocxaBAajy xaKO OAce^Hy rpaHHuy BSMel^y 
oaRXHHHor H npaBHor nHxaaa y cBaROM onxyateay, Aa no- 
poxHHDliiMa HspeROM 3a6paH>yjyy ah* npn cbojhm OA^yRaiia He 
CHejy BMaxH HHRaKBa npnspe&a na saROH, a jom MaH>e na 
Ba3He 3aR0H0H OApet^ene. 

y xone ce, nao mxo bbabmo, ^paHaycRO RaaneHO npano 
y ocHOBy pasABRyje oa eBwecRor, jep Rao mxo cmo xano 
noRasajiu npeAceAHBR je na npoxHB (>bo Ay^an iiopoxBHUBna 
Aa ABAe noyRy h o pasyMeBa&y saRona h npaBHBH Haqe^Hna. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 7 

Hy ceM Tora, ©paHiiycKO ce npaBo pas.iHKyje oa eHrjiec- 
Kor H y Toie, mxo $paHiiy3H npeAceAHHKy nopoiHor cy^a 
Aajbe 8a6paH>yjy, ab. 6h cMeo RasaTH CBOJe Manap n yaoBHO 
MBin^efte h o eaiOM nHTa^y ^asTa, Beb ly npenopy- 
^yjjy AA ce orpaHH^R jeAHHO na HSHome&e rjiaBHHX AORasa 
RaRO sa, TaRO h npoxiB onxyaieHHRa. 

BeiDT npeAceAHHR, pasyie ce, a& h mhmo xe sa^pane, 
Kose yBeR ciBap a& onBme xaRo, a& nopoTHBi^ii onex Bp;io 
jiaRO Mory cnaanxH aeroBO MHrnAeae h aeroBy o^eHy oaRaxa, 
H aRo OH xo He 6h sspeROH Rasao. 

Taj yxHiiaj napaBHO a* HHJe Morjia roa BeraxHX npeA- 
ceAHHRa oxRJiOHHXH HH caMa OHa sa^pana, Rojy Beh none- 
HycMO. A^H xeR y CBaROM My^ajy, ^paHijycRH aaROH 6ap je 
xeatHO Aft ce xo Hsfierne. /I,or enrjiecRO npano na npoxHB 
He caMo Aa Aonymxa npeAceAHHRy Aa HCRaae CBoje MHrnAeae 
Ae^ioM cxafty ©aRaxa, Bet raxa BHme cxaB^a My Rao HeRy 
Mopa^ny AyatHocx Aa cbojmm ayRxopHxexoM yxHqe na nopox- 
HHRe y xoie, $paHriy3H paAe npoxHBHo. 

To je Apyra Haqejina pasjiHRa naiie^y enrjiecRor h *paH- 
aycRor RasHenor npana y OBOHe. 

A Rao sajeAHH^Ry RapaRxepncxHRy u jeAHO h Apyro 
npaBo HMajy xo: mxo npeAceAHHR xy CBOJy Ay^HOCx h roa 
^paHBiyaa BpmH jaBHO, npeA nopoxHHiiHMa, xyaHorieM, on- 

XyseHHROM U CBHMa C^iyHiaOI^EMa, AB,KAe nOA ROHXpOJlOM jaBHO- 

cxH. CxojeliH noA xaRBOM ROHxpo^OM, npeAceAHMR XHMe Aaj6 
MHoro BHffle rapanxHJe, Aa te xy cBOJy Ay»Hocx Aa yno- 
xpe^H jeAHHo Ha pacBexAeae HcxHHe, a ne y Ayxy aaysex- 
HOCXH, 6hjio y Ropncx, Ohjio na mxexy xyat6e hjih onxyjRe- 

HHROBy. 

KaA npeAceAHHR CBpniH xaj CBoj r6sum6 (RpaxRy npeA- 
ciaBRy) MRaxa, OHAa h y $paHiiycRoj Hacxaje MOMenax, Aa 
nopoxHHi^ Hspnqy CBojy OA-iy^y o rphbhah h^h neBBHOCTB 



10 EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHliVCKA M CPHCKA HOPOTA 

niTO saxxeBa caMa BaatHOCT npe^Mexa. Cei lora, jaBHomliy 
TaRBHX noyna cu^eqaBa ce h caia MoryLHOcx npn- 
cxpacHocxH npeAceAHHKOBe y xom pa^y. Ma ko;ihko a* 
6h oh 6ho Bemxas y CRpnBafty cBoje npncxpacnocxH , aRo 
6h je xxeo HMaxH, onex (5h oh snao, a^ HCRycHOM ORy He 
6h yMaR^a xa oco6HHa BeroBe noyRe, na nOMHiDjbajyLH na 
xo, OH 6u ce, HapaBHO yseR AO($po pasMHCJino, a^ -^^ Aa 
ce($e H cBoje em6 h3^osh xoj onacHocxH, Aa 611 ny ce ho- 
rjia npe6aiiHXH npHCxpacHOcx y paAy, RaA ana, Aa xo Mopa 
Aa pa AH jaBHO. 

One xo, paayie ce, Aa oxnaAa npn noyKaiia Ha caio. 
Ty npeAceAHHR CBeny xoMe ne Mopa Aa boah HHRaRBa pa- 
^yna, jep 8Ha, Aa neMa naA C060M one jaBne ROHxpoJie, Roja 
je HajnoysAaHHJH ^ynap npaBAe. ReroBa caBecx xy Hy je 
jeAHHa ROHxpo^a, Hy h aRo je h ona Aocxa sejiHR no- 
Rpexaq sa xaqHOCx, HCRpenocx h RopeRXHOCx y paAy roa 
•«»yAH y onmxe, — onex je 60 Ae, RaA nope a H>e, HMa jom 
H Apyrflx noRpexaqa 3 a xo. 

Mh cho AaR^e OAcyAHO npoxnBHn xhm noyRaiia h a cane, 
Roje Moae Aa Aaje npeAceAHHR nanier nopoxnor cyAa nopox- 

HHIlHMa. 

^a no HameM nopoxHOM saRony neMa one HonpHpoAHO- 
cxH no Rojoj nopoxHHiiH H ApataBHe cyAHJe aajoAHo pe- 
maBajy orphbhiih H^iHneBHHOcxH onxyaieHHROBOJ, — 
OHAa HapaBHO Aa ne 6h hh moxjio 6Bxn roBopa xhm npeA- 
ceAHHqRHM noyRaiia nopoxHHiiHiia na cane n npn^iuROM 
caMor canexoBaBa npoAMexy. 

To je nejiHRa nana namer nopoxnor aaRona, Roja Moate 
Aa 6yAe Bpjio onacna h mxexna sa npaBAy y onmxe. 

Hy Aa iiot^eMO Aa^e, Aa HcnynHMO name o6eliaH>e, ROJe 
AaAOCio Ma.io qac orieHw xhx npeAceAnn^RHx noyRa y 
onmxe. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦pAHUVCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA H 

IV. 

HanpeA cmo o6etia;iH, ^a ti6M0 RasaiH MHm.i.eH>a nayq- 
HBEa OHHM npeACOAHH^KHM nojBaHa nopoTHHi^iiHa ; 3a to 
teio caA Tone Aa npHCxynHMO. 

MHBHAe&a cy Tone OAe^eHa. JeAHH cy npoiHB thx 
noysa oa crpaHe npeAceAHirea. A Apyrn na npoiHB 6paHe 
xy ycxaHOBy. 

npBH npoTHB Tora naBOAe obo: 

1., Be^e, Aa Te noyse yinqy jeAHOCipaHo na no- 
poTHHBe g A* y CBaKOM cjiy^ajy OApet^yjy yBepeae nopoT- 
HHRa. A Me^y thm Tpe6ajio ({n Be^e, Aa je h>hxobo yBepe^e 
noxnyHO mo<5oaho. 

2., TaKBe cy noyue onacne, jep nopoxnimfl rhx qyjy 
Bajnoc^e, ua npHpoAHO h ocxajy boa bhxobhm yxH^ajeM. 
J\,OK fla npoxHB npaBAa 6a 3axxeBa;ia, Aa nocji6AH>y pe^ HHa 
OA^paBa onxyxeBHfiOBa ; h sajnoc^e. 

3., nopoxBHBiH Bete xaAa npH HSBH^ajy Aocxa Aa naae, 
RaA sflajy, a^ te hh npeAceAflBR no 3aR7byqRy HSBH^'^ja a^xh 
RpaxaR Baiipx cBera BSBB^ja. 

Hy BH jeAaB oa xhx pa34ora Be BO»e Aa h3ap»h 
3ApaBy RpHXBRy. HopoxBHiiH (5h MopaJiH Aa 6yAy RaRse Be- 
SBajiHBie, RaA 6h obh Mopa^H ocxaxn boa yxBitajeM xhx 
noyRa cano 3a xo, nixo ex Aaje npeAceABBR nopoxBor cyAa, 
H mxo je xo nocjiOAfta pe^ npoA nopoxBH^ROM OAJiyROM. 

A npH xoM Mopa;ia 6a ce roa nopoxBHRa npexnocxa- 
BHXH Bp;io BejiHRa jiaROMHMeBocx, A^ Be pe^eio Becasec- 
Bocx, RaA (5b ce npBSBa^o, Aa obh Bete npH HcxpasH na npe- 
xpecy o6pataxH AOcxa naatfte caMo aa xo, mxo 3Hajy, Aa te 
HM npeACOABBR npH Rpajy apexpeca Aejiy cxBap y RpaxRO 
npeACxaBHXH. 

ToAHRo je, AP»HMO, AOCxa Aa uoRaateMO BeynyxBocx 
xa xpH MaBBa pas^ora, Roja oOnqBO ynoxpetfAyjy npoxHB- 



12 EHr^ECKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 

HHAH THX noyEa npeAceAHnnsHx y eerJiecKHii h »paHi(ycEHM 
nopoTHHM CyAOBHHa. 

ApyrH Ha npoTHB Apae: 

a., ^a je xa noysa oa cxpane npeACOAHHEOBe 6affl n o- 
Tpe^Ha, xe a* (Jh ce xHie npHnoMorjio nopoxHHqKOM 
naHbeiBy. IIopoxHHR je Jiaso Morao Hemxo h npeqyxH hjih 
He o6paxHxa na nemxo r^aBHy nass&y sa Bpeiie Hcxpare ; a 
Met^y XHM Mor^o 6h tfam xo Aa 6yAe oa OAcyAHB BaanocxH. 
To ;iaKO Moae Aa (5yAe napoqnxo y ohhm ayqaJHMa, rAe 6h 
Hcxpara na npexpecy xpajajia BHme Aana. J xaRBHM npH^H- 
Raiia HHKOMe HeLe ($HXfl na OAMex, aso 6h Hy so, komb je 
cxBap jom paHHJe AO((po no3Haxa, cbojhm SHaftei ojiasmao 
npaBH^an h xaqan nor^eA Ha cxBap. 

6. J n aRo je nopoxHHiiHMa 6am noxpe^no, Aa bx ce 
npHnoBorne 6oAeii noJHBafty cxnapn, — onex ce as xora 
He ($H Aao BSBecxH RaRas p^B saRjbyqaR o khxcboj cnpeHH 
H cnoco((HocxH 3a noJHxaae. H naJBeiiH yMOBH, na qecxo xpe- 
<Jajy qoxnope y xone. A RaA ce xo He Aa nopetn, OHAa je 
Ban CBaRe cyifte h xo, Aa Le xo 6hxh RopncHo Hapoquxo 
OHAe, FAe qoBeR, SHa^ait h noanax RaRBHM cxaH>ex cxBapA, 
Aaje o6aBendieH>a ^yAHMa, xaH>e cupeMHHM h nensBeiiitfaHHii 
y opajafty r^iaBHor oa cnopeAHor, Baanor oa nesHaxHor; 
H Hajnoc^e 

B., HapoqHxo je noxpe6Ho h RopncHO, Aa npeAceAHHR 
AaAe nopoxHHiiHMa noyne y npaBHHM nHxaH>Hxa. Ma RaRO Aa 
cy (jHCxpH H HHxejiHrenxHH nopoxHHiiH, — onex obh no npn- 
poAH CBOJHX peAOBHHx saHHMafta, o^Hqno ne Mory Aa Bxajy 
Aocxa 3HaH>a y nojeAHHHM npaBHHM nnxaftHiia. Ona cy qecxo 
xaRo saHprnena, Aa h ^yAva cxpyqH>aiiHMa ne nose 6hxh cy- 
BHniHo xyl^e MHoiJi>eu>e o xoiie, a ro;ihro BHme je xo noxpe^no 
nopoxHHAHMa Rao neyRHM y xoxe. 



EHT.IECKA, 4>PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA DOPOTA 13 

To cy rjiaBHH pasjiosH, rojh roBope y npflJior ohhx 
noyKa, idto hx A^jy npeAceAHmH nopoTHHX cyAOBa nopox- 

HUItHlia(^). 

Mh c6 cjiaseMO c thh ApyrHi rjieAHmTeHy jep ap^hmo 
Aa ce caMO laKO paAeLi Aaje nopoxHeriflMa MoryLnocr, Aa 
6h noxnyHO OAroBopHJiH CBOJoj Be^HKOJ nopoxHH^Koj Ays- 
HocxH H saAaxRy. 

IlHxaBe nose ($hxh caMO o xoie: a^ -^h xa npeAceA- 
HH^Ra noyRa nopoxHHKHMa xpetfa a^ ce orpaHH^H caHO ea 
H3^araH»e ^aRaxa, juajl xpetfa a^ ce AOxaRne h npaBie cxpane 
y RaRBOM ouxyse&y? 

Hjih ApyrRM peqMa: a* Jin ce y xoie xpetfa AP»axH 
eHXAecRor hjih ApaeiJiycRor RasneHor npaBa? 

no mxo nflxa&e o rphbhijim hjih neBHHOCxn He saBHCH 
OA Ao6pe pacnpane caMo ^aRXH^HRx, BeLnnpaB- 
HHx HHxafta, — xo MH ApaHMO, A* J6 ^ojbe h npaRxnq- 
HHJe oho eHr;iecRo MeAHmxe, Hero •pannycRO, Roje Hspe- 
roh 3a6paftyje npeAceaHHRy, a* y CBOjy noyRy nema h 
npaBHa nnxafta. 

$paH]^y3H cMaxpajy nnxa&e o rphbhah h^h HeBHHOcxH 
Rao qHCxo o^aRxn^Ho; aor Me^y xhm oho je y jeAHO y 
Heao^HRo HnpaBHO. C xora h jeer noxpeOno Aa npeA- 
ceAHHR HopoxHHiiHMa AaA^ Hemxo h npaBHe noyRe, Rao mxo 
paAe EnrjiesH. HapoqMXo je RopncHO Aa npeAceAHHR nopox- 
HHi](HMa RpaxRO H jacHO npeACxaBH, Roja ce AORasna cpeA- 
cxBa Mory cMaxpaxH Rao AonynixeHa, a Roja He, y nojeAH- 
HHM CwiyqaJHMa onxyse&a. 

Hy Aa (5h xa npeAceAHHKOBa noyRa 6BJia mxo nenpH- 
cxpacHBJa H o({jeRXHBHHJa, Ao6po ({h 6hao Aa HCxparoM na 
npexpecy ne pyROBOAH npeAceAHHR, BeL jeAan oa cyAHJa. 



C) npoTHB THX noyna h aa bhah Biener, y HaaeAeHoj KibusM, 
CTp. 14 4—147. 



14 EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA II CPHCKA nOPOTA 

PyKOBOAekH cai ly HCipary paayMe ce, Aa ^^ npeAceAHHK 
HE HeBe ORo;iHOCTH HOJiaraiu sehy BamHOCi; sa to je ca 
€BHM npHpoAHo, A^ ^^ OH Ha TO o6paLao napoqHTy nasfty 
H npH noyijH, h no tomo a^ 6h My noyEa Mopa^ia 6hth jeA- 
HOCTpana. 

A Ha cBaRH HaqHH, mh cho 3a Te Hoyse caxo OHAa, 
KaA ce Bpme jasno. 

MhCAHHO AA cho THMe AOCTa paSJlOSHJlH BaSHOCT THX 

npeAceAHHqsHx noyRa; a yjoAHO a^ cmo noRasajiH h name 
r^eAHHiTe Ha to nHTa&e; 3a to LeMo cha a^ npe^eHo na 
cjiBAeLa A^o nopoTHor cyl^eaa, na HspHiiaBe npecyAe. 

Hy npe nero hito ({hcmo to ypaAH;iH AOAatieMO, a^ cy 
no GHF^ecROH H «paHitycROM RasneflOM npasy npeAceAHHi(H 
y THH noyRaMa AysHH nopoTHHi^HMa HspeROM HauoieHyTH, 
Aa OHH Tpe6a AS' cyAe caHo no HsneceHHH AORasBHa, 
a He no RaRBHM HSBemTaJHia hjih sna&y ca CTpane, h^u 
RaRBHH npoApacyAaMaC). 

Mh TO napo^HTO HanoMHH>eHO c Tora, hito nam nopoTHH 
aasoH na npoTSB H3peR0H Bejin, a^ ^^ nopoTHHi^H CBoje 
ysepefte rphbkkh h^ui hobihocth i^pncTH ne caMo hs ao- 
Ra3a na npoTpecy noRasannx, Bel ^bbs nosHanafta 
CTBapnC). 

Ha nocjieTRy A^AateMO, Aa J6 y OpanijycROJ naJHOBH- 
JHM saROHOM OA 19. jyna 1881. roAHne yRHnyra Ta npeA- 
ceAHH^Ra noyRa (i6sum^) nopoTHHi(BHa. H aRO 6h RaRan 
npcAceAHHR, H npeRO Tora, npn Rpajy fl,e6B,Te TaRBy noyRy 
nopoTHHi^HMa Aanao, hqah 6e paAH»a c Tora lopa^a Aa ce 
ynHHiTH. A;iH H aRO je y ^pani^ycRoj caA TaRO, ciaTpajiH 
CMO oneT aa RopncHo Aa onnmeMO nerAamfte opanitycRO 
Hapel^eae o tomo. 



(^) Biener, y HaaeAeHOJ kh>M3b, ago II, cTp. 146. 
('} Bhah hj. 39. fiamer aaxoHa o nopoTH. 



EHr4ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA DOPOTA 15 

^. HspHi^a&e npecyAe. 

nspHi^afte npecyae y nopoxHHX Bas&HBUM A^^^va Hia 
€BOJa ABa AeAfi. JeAan, y kom6 paAe cane nopoTHHi^H; h 
ApyrH, KoJH Bpme caMe ApaaBHe cyABje. ^opoTHH^H peraa- 
Bajy caio o Tone : a^^ -^u jo onrysenHK bphb h;ih HHje. A 
onei AP»aBHe cvAHJe caie npniieftyjy Kasny, aKO cy nopoi- 
HimH Aone^H OA^yKy nKpuB.** y aac Cp6a to je HCTHHa 
Majio Apyr'iHJe; ny to Leno AOiiHBJe noKasaTH. A caA Aa 
ce npoTxoAHO uoaHaiio c tah AeJioBHHa HopoTflnx apecyAa 
ROA EHFJiesa h OpaHAysa. 

I. y EHrnecKOj. 

Ha saBpineTRy CBOje noyse, o Bojoj roBopacMO HanpeA, 
npeAceAHHK nopoxHor cyAa nosHBa nopoTHHKe a^ npncTyne 

OAJiyAH. 

7 EHFJiecRoj HeHa RaBBHX Hapo^HTHX «opMy^CBHx nn- 
TaH»a, Boja 6h npeAceAHHB nojiarao nopoTHHAHHa, a& y cbo- 
joj OAJiyAH Ha RHx OAroBope. EHrjiecM nopoTHHmi Hiajy 
Aa OAroBope caHo ua obo nnTaBe: RpsB hjih hobhe. 
TaRO je ROA Enr^esa oa BaJRaAa y nopoTHHM ey^iria, na 
TaRo je H A^Hac. 

Hy TO He SHa^H, a* ce eHrjiecRHM nopoTHHAHMa ho 
Aajy (Sam HHRaRBa nHTaH»n. EnrAecRH HopoTHHi(H Tpe((a Aa 
OA^y^e: a* ah je ro rphb hjih neBHH onaRO, RaRO je 
CTaBAennoAcyA. A Me^y thm y pemeH»y o cTaBAaay 
noA cyA (indictement) yBeR ce HSAaay cbh ycAOBH, rojh cy 
no saROHy noTpe^HH sa oncTOJase RaRBor RamftHBor a^ah, 
a y jeAHO h sace^ne oroahocth aothihof onTyseaa. C Tora 
nopoTHHAH Mopajy y CBOJoj OAAyijH a* A^Ay OAroBopa na 
Te OROAHOCTH. A aRo ({h, nopoA Tora, npnpoAa RaRBor on- 
TyseH»a saxTeBaAa h pacnpaBy RaRBor aace^Hor npaBHor hh- 



16 EHr^ECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA U CPnCKA nOPOTA 

THfta, npeAceAHHK je Ajaan nopoTHimHiia Ha to a* o6paTw 
naafty y CBOjoj noyijH. 

Ha Taj HaqHH h eHMecM uopoTHHijH qecTO HMajy a^^ 
pacnpase iHora npeTXOAHa nHTaH»ay jiokaq in npenuH na 
OHy oiimTy h FwiaBHy OA^yny: spflB ujiif HesHH. 

Mel^y THH Eao onnrre npasHJio Ba^Rir y EHrJiecBoj^ a^ 
nopoTHHifH Tpc6a AA pemaaajy caio nHTaH»e a 6 ji a, a He h 
npaBa. 

PoBopeliH nopoTHH^KHM npecyAaia y EnrjiecBoj BaxHo 
je snaTB OBe oco((HHe eHr^ecBor nopoTHor cyl^eiba: 

a., Oa OHora TpenyTBa, KaA uopoTHHijH aaceAHy a* 
npHcycTByjy HSBHl^ajy BaReor onTyse&a, o BOie be nocAe 
Aa pemaBajy, ohh neiajy cao6pabaja c ApyrHia, cei ca qjia- 
HOBHHa cyAa, na » c OBHia caMO bojihbo je noTpe^HO sa 
CTBap. To TBpAe najcTapuJH noAaijH o enrjiecBoj nopoTH. 
A A^ ((h to ABajaH»e nopoTHHBa ((hjio idto noysAasHje, no- 
poTHBBe je qyBao jeAan napoTOTH ^hhobahb (ballif). To 
Tpaje CBe AOHAe, aob nopoTHHitH He 6h HCBasa^H jeAHor^acHy 
OAAyBy. TOM ywoBy jeAHor^acHOCTH noppTHHqBHX 
0A*/iyBa AoitHHJe beio roBopHTH omnnpHfije, a OBAe je caio 
ysrpeA HanoHHH>eMO. Mel^y thm aa ce BpaTHio na oho, hito 
je TJiaBHH npeAMeT one Ta^Be, a to je: na ABajaibe nopoT- 
HHBa OA ocTajiHX ji>yAH ao OAJiyBe. G thm OABaja&eii nopoT- 
HHBa Enr^esH cy y CTapo AO((a TaBO a^-^^bo TepaJiH, a^ 
uopoTHHi^HHa HHcy A^BajiH HH je^o, HH HflLe, aBo ce Ajro 
He 6h hofah cAOfl^HTH y OA-AyitH. A eaMo no BaA BaA, h no 
oco6eHOH saxTeBy, AasaAH cy hh h TaAa a& jOAy n najy. 
TOM TpajaBy ABajaaa nopoTHHBa 6hjio je h Bp^o ^yAHO- 
BaTHx npHHepa. IIo hito no enrjiecBOH BasHeHoi nocTynBy 
npeAceAHHijH nopoTHHX cyAOBa nyTyjy bs MecTa y mocto 
Aa Bprae nopoTna cyl^efta; h no hito 3a to HMajy pac- 
nopeA, AOBjie HMajy ocTaTH y bom MecTy, a BaA HMajy 



EHrJFCKA, VPAHUVCKA H CPHCKA OIIPOTA 17 

AoliH y Apyro MecTO, — to je 6HBa;io npHMepa y enr^ecKOM 
nopoTHOM cy^eay h xaEBHx, ^a je npeAceAHHK Hape^HBao 
Aa ce nopoTHHijH, kojh ce HHcy momh cjioatHiu y OAJiyi;«, 
H3 jeAHor MecTa noA noysAanoM cipajEOM cnpoBOAe y APyro 
MecTO, CBe AOB ne 6h HCKaaa^iH CBOJy jeAHor^CHy OAJiyny. 

/l,pyrH je npuHep 6ho OBanaB: 

y jeAHOM KpHBH^HOM npoijecy ^opoTflH^H cy ce, y no- 
^OBHHu H3BH^a&a Ha npexpecy, MopaJiH pa36etiH 36or ysa- 
CHe flenoroAe. Ho CBpraeTBy HenoroAe nopoTHHiiH cy ce na 
HOBO cacTajiH H npoAyaHAH paA, na h npecyAy H3peK.iH. 
IIpoTHB Tora inASL je H3JaBJi>eHa sa;i6a c Tpas6oM: as> ce 
npecyAa nopoTHH^Ka or^iacH sa HeBpeAeLy c Tora, raxo cy 
ce HopoTHHitH cacxaja^H c ApyruM ibyAia y ohom npeKHAy 
Hcxpare. Ta :Ra;i6a HcxHHa 6H^a je OA^HJena ; a^H caHO 3a 
xo, mxo je y3poK xoMe 6Hjia BannpHpoAHa CH^ia. Mel^y xhm 
H xy je npH3Haxo naqejio: Aa ne 6h BpeAH^a OAJiyKa no- 
poxHHEa, KoJH (5h ce y Bpeieny, oa noqexKa paAa na npe- 
xpecy, na ao OA^yse, cacxaja^iH c ApyrHM AyAMa, ceM cyAHJa. 

To AsajaRe nopoxHHKa y Enr^ecKoj je h Aanac. CaMo 
mxo Aanac nnje onaso cxporo je^OM h nnleM, nao mxo je 
6h^o neKaAH. Aanac enrjiecRH nopoxnnuH, aKO 6n npexpec 
xpajao BHnie Aana, AO^njajy je^o h nnfee 3ajeAno y cyACKOM 
3AaH>y, y komo h cnanajy y jeAnoj cofin. Hy onex 
H Aanac je koa Enr;ie3a xaKO Aa ^opoxHH^H oa onor qaca, 
KaA cy nek oxnoie;iH canexoBafta, ne A0(5HJajy nn jejio, nn 
nn&e, AOKJie roA ne 6e HCBa3a;in oj^AjvijC). 

6., Easo 6nBa cane caBexoBan>e nopoxnHsa n3He^y 
ce6e, xoHe ce ne 3na iinoro. y3poB xasnoH cxa&y cxBapn 
y xoMe 1e, mxo je xo, xaRO peLn, ynyxparaaa paAfta, Koja 
ne H3;ia3H h3 Kpyra one npocxopnje, y Kojoj nopoxnnAH 
npme xo caBexoBa&e. 



'/) Biener, y hctoj kh>u3u, aco II, cxp. 163. 

r.lACHHK LXX. 



18 EHT.IECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

JeAHHO niTa ce o TOie 3Ha, to je : a^* hopothhuh Hiaj; 
Meby co((oH joAHor npsaKa, kojh npHsyniba r^acose n jaBHO 
\1CKa3yje OAAyBj nopoTHHsa, BaA ce boL uocthfjio carjiacffje 
le^y CBHu^a. Taj npBaB o6htoo je onaj nopoTHHK, Kojn je 
<Jho npBH npo^HTaH h nposBan npH caciaBy nopoxHor cyAa. 
Hy TO Moae a^ djAB m kojh Apyrn nopoTHBK. To 6HBa, b^h 
KaA ce onaj npBH ne 6h XTeo a^* npHHH Te yjiore, hab BaA 
<$B OB ((bo EaBaB BeyBB aoBajjiBJa. y laBBBM cjiy^ajBHa no- 
poTBBip tfapajy aaie^y cetfe Apyror npsaKa, 

Aa 6e ce oJiaBmao saAaTaE nopoTBBi^BHa, npeA cBaBHM 
CTOJB AHBBT, Bepo B MacTHJio, Aa (5h 3a Bpeie B3BB^aja MO- 
rao ce(5H 6eAe»HTB bito xpetfa. 

Eg cBpmeBOM B3BB^ajy sa npexpecy nopoTBBiiB o6hwo 
Aajy rjiacoBe jom OBAe y ceABBijB nopoTBor cyAa OAMax. Y 
TaKBBM c^yqajBHa npsaB caio Mopa a^ na3B, Aa •'in cy cbb 
iiopoTBHiiB r^acajiB, b a^ jib cy cbb y Mumji>eH>y car^acBu, 
na aEo jecy, OBAa ob BCEasyje jasBO Ty jeABorjiacBy OA^yEy 
nopoTBBEa. 

Hy aEo 6b 6bao noTpe^Bo Bapo^BTo caBeTOBa&e no- 
pOTBBEa, OBAa ce nopoTBBiiB noBJiaqe y Bapo^BTy aa fi>BX 
OApe^eBy co({y. EojiaseliB y Ty co6y, obb Boce cotfoM cBoje 
((ejiemEe, aEO cy bx boabjib, Eao b peme^e o CTaBji>aB>y 
no cyA (indi clement). HBEaEsa Apyra aETa Be CMejy nopoT- 
BBiiB noseTB ca co6om. 

TaEO CBa^AeBeBB, nopoTBBiiB ocTajy y CBojoj co6b CBe 
AOBAe AOE ce cbb Be 6b aao»B;iB y MBniAeB»y. A EaA ce 
nocTBFBe Taj pe3yjiTaT, OBAa obb npoEO c^yatBoija, eojb je 
CTpaatapBO npeA b»bxobom coOom, jaBAajy cyAy, Aa cy totobb 

ca CBOJOH OA^yEOH. ^BM 6b to nOpOTBBI^B jaBBJlB, OAMax 

ce nosBBajy y ceABBijy, Te y B>oj npsaE nopoTBBEa jaBBO 
o63BaH>yje OA^iyEy nopoTe. Aeo 6b mel^y tbm cyABJa (Aa Be 
6b AaBryOBo), npeAyseo Apyro erebo cy^eae, ob to OAiax 



EHraECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 19 

npeKHAa, h nosHBa nopoiHHKe a* otfaHane CBojy OA^yKy o 
paHHJoj CTBapH. 

B., JeAHorjiacHOCT nopoTHHTOe oaajm. 

Mh cho BeL HMajiH iipHiiHRe HanoMceyTH, Raso je koa 
EHFJiesa noxpe^HO Aa je nopoTHH^sa oA^yna jeAHorjiacHa, 
:h;iii 6oJhe petiH carjiacna. 

Cha iieMO oHmHpHHJe Aa nporoBopnio o toj BasKHOj 

Join OA HajciapHjer Ao6a, oa KaA ce y EnrjiecKoj ana 
3a nopoiy (oa ABaHaecTor Besa), na h ao Aanac Baaein roa 
enrjiecBe nopoxe Kao iipaBHJio: Aa je nopoTHaqsa OA^yna 
HyHOBasKHa eaio oea, Bojy in car^acHO H3peBJiH cbh 12 
nopoTHHsa. 

TaKBO Haqe^o o OA^yKaMa enrjiecKHx nopoxa H3r;ieAa 
^yAHOBaxo, na roxoBo n neMoryte. Hy EnMean cy xo OAp- 
:Ka;in, a Me^y xhm ynoxpe6^aBa;iH pasna cpeACXBa, xe Aa ce 
Aolje AO xe carjiacHocxH y nopoxnnqKHM OAJiyKaMa, h^h Aa ce 
cxBap HHa^e pacnpaBH. 

TaKO je y npacxapo Aotfa ynoxpe^AaBan abo6oj npeA 
cyAOM, aKO ce ne (5h MOMa nocxnliH uopoxHnqBa carjiacnocx 
y oA^yitH. To je, paayie ce, jeAHO oa najropny cpeACxana 
3a pacnpany npannnx cnopona. Ajih npn CBeM xom y cxapo 
AO^a, AOB je napoA BepoBao Rao Aa ce npaBAa MoiRe ca- 
3Haxn H XHM nyxeH, ynoxpe^^anano je, no neBOibn, n xo 
<;peACXBo AB0(5oja. 

/l.pyro cpeACXBO Aa 6h ce nocxnr^ia xa nopoxnnqRa ca- 
wacHocx BpmKjio ce na ABa naqHHa. TIahl cy ce Meaajin ne- 
cnpeMHHJH nopoxHHijM, AaR^e ohh rojh ynpaB nncy 60JIH y 
cxa&y Aa flCRasy CBOJ r^ac. H^h ce AOAaBajio jom xojiuro 
nopoxHHRa AOKAe 3a jeAHO wamjbeihe ne 6h hx 6hjio ABa- 
Baecx. To ce 3Ba;io „affortiare* (noxRpeni»aBaH»e). 

A no neRaA onex Aonomen je nsysexan saRAy^aR, Aa 
nopoxHH^Ra OA^yRa na^RH, h aRO 6n joj jeAan hjih jom rojh 



20 EHT^ECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

Mac H 6h^h npoTHBHH. To Tpele cpeACTBo ynoxpe^AaBaHo 
je caMO Aft <{h ce CTBap jeAHOM cBpraH^a ; ny oho je onex y 
jeAHO snaqn^o HanymTafte caMor naqejia o carAacHOCxH 
nopoxEB^KHx OA^yKa. 

Hajnoc;ie otfHqno ce nopoxHHijHMa HHJe Aasajio Aa jeAJ 
fl nnjy, xe cy h xhmg upHny^aBaM Aa ce car^ace y cbo- 
joj OA^yiiH. Pasyiie ce, Aa je obo noc^eAfte cpeACXBO naj- 
rope. Jep ano ce xohe npoHa^iasaR HcxHHe y RasHeHHn 
npeAMexHMa, OHAa naJHaBe mome xoMe Aa noc^y^sH npn- 
H y A a nopoxHHRa Aa rjiacajy noA yxHi^ajei MaAH hjih me^n. 
Jep ROJH 6h nopoxHHR Morao Ma&e Aa hbapsh rjiaA h se^, 
xaj 611 Mopao npe Aa nonycxH oa cbof MHmji>eH>a, na la RaRO 
Aa je oho npaBo h hcxhhhxo. 

To cy xa pasHa cpeACXBa, RoJHia cy ce Enr^ieaH xpy- 
AHJiH Aa Ao^y AO car^acHocxH y nopoxHHqRHM OAJiyRana. 

MopaMO AOAaxH, Aa je oho saiieftHBaBe nopoxHHRa y 
c^y^ajy HecawacHJa npne ABaHaecxopnite xpaja^o cBe ao 14-or 
BeRa. Hy oa xora A0(5a oho je npecxa^io Aa ce npaRXHRyje, 

A y Mecxo xora yBeAeno je y npaRXHRy, Aa cyAHJa M0»e^ 
y CJiyqajy necar^acHOCxH nopoxHHqRe, cxBap Aa AaA© na pe- 
raefte XpyrHM nopoxHHiiHMa('), Hy Me^y xhm xo ce y Eh- 
r^ecRoj Bpjio pexRo npaRXHRvje. 

Bh.io je ROA EHFJiesa h xaRBHX HHmj>eH>a, Aa 6h xpe- 
62LAO onxymeHHRa CBaRaA ocjio6oahxh, RaA ce ne 6h cbh 
nopoxHHiiH cawacHJiH Aa je RpHB. Hy xo 611 6hjio Bpjio 
pl^aBo H onacHO, jep na xaj na^HH yneR (5h Morao jeAan 
jeAHHH XBpAOXJiaBait hah He3HaAH^a Aa y^HHH cao(5oahhm e 
HaJBefeer SAHROBija (■). 



(*) Mitteriiiaier, Engl.-schottisches Strafverfahren, cxp. 474 
H 477. 

(^) O CBCMy oBOMe : Biener, y peneHOj kh>u3h, Aeay II, cxp. 
167 — 176. Miirchy, kh,. II, cxp. 601. 



Elir^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 21 

r., CaApasHHa nopoTHH^Ke OA^yRe. 

nopoTHH^Ka OAAjsa HCBasyje ce BpaxKO ca : e p h b hae 

HeBHH. 

CpeA^e KaKBe HspeKe koa nopoxe neiia. 

CaMO y nioT^aHAHJH nopora Moaie Kora a^ ocjio6oah 
fl ^H3 HGAOCTaTKa AOBOAfeHX AOKasa'* (not proven). To na- 
noMHfteMO TeK yarpeA Rao Hsyaete koa nopoiHHx cy^eaa, 
jep Tora koa Apyrnx nopoia neia. 

Hy nopeA one rjiaBHe OA^yKe : KpHB h^h fteBHH, y Eh- 
r^ecKOJ HMa h yarpeAHHx dopothhtohx OA^yKa. 

TaKo orjiamyjytiH Kora 3a KpHBa aa s^o^hh, nopoxa 
je Ay^Ha pemHTff h to: a^ -^h oh nma h KaKBor KpexHor 
H^H HeKpeTHor HMaaa. To ona paAH c Tora, mio ce y En- 
MecKoj c ocyAOM 3a sao^hh ry^M h HMafte('). 

na He caHO, RaA 6h oniya&eHHK 6eo or^ameH 3a RpoBa, 
BeL H KaA ()H 6ho omo^oI^oh Kao neBHH, nia cjiyqajena, y 
KOJHMa 6e onxymeHHK oneT Horao as, Cjaq JiHrnen CBora 
KpexHor HMaH>a. To je c^yqaj, aKo ((h onTy^eHHK ((ho y 
(Jercf By. C Tora ce nopoTH, Koja <Jh laKBOM oniyatenHKy 
H3peKJia A& HHJe KpHB, no enriiecKOM KasHonoM npany, 
TaAa HO^ia^Eiy jom h HasnaAHa HHTafta: 

a., A^ -AH ce OHTyseHHK ciaxpa Kao 6eryHaii; h aso 6h 
HopoTa Ha TO OAroBopHJia, a^ ce cHaTpa Kao tferynaii, oHAa 

6.f Aa AH OHTymeHHK Hia HMa&a. 

Mh to ciioMHH>eMO caio Kao Heo^H^Hy oco^nny eHMe- 
CKor Ka3HeHor npana. 

Me^y TflM Ba»HHJe cy one Apyre oco^MHe y enrJiecKon 
iiopoTHOM cy^eay, Koje teMo caA HanoMenyTH. 

TaKo enrAecRa nopoTa, H3pHqyLH a& je Ro RpHB, HMa 
npaBa Aa Toj CBOJoj OAAyijH AOAa h xaKBe 3aKJby^Ke, kojh 
HAy Ha y^Aa^e&e Ka3He. 



(') Murchy, Englisches Strafverfahren, cxp. 537. 



To X"ze ^ (iT4e u Boie lauia: 

a., niTo 6m Dopora lapeua jia Tpe6a 4^ 6jxe ($.iaza 
EBajioicavija Aeja, lero nro je 7 tjx6i icsaaaia. Caxo 
TO lopa A& omie j rpannuuia icTor pojia spnme, a 
jia le npeiasi 7 AP7ri po^. Ha iipi.iiE7, nopoTHmm 
1017 xai Kaxy, a& je to KpiB 3a y^imo tfes npejiTmoi* 
juja 7 xeero c npe^yxi&MJeH, xao bto 6m tyasiSa npe^- 
eraBj^.u. H^h Aa je yofteia npocra Kpa^, 7 xecro 
onacHe; 

6.f IIopoTHBiiH Hory 1 BpeAHOCT noKpa^ ;ia cxafte, 
re Aa ((h npeu roxe n saana 6H.ia 64axa; 

B., Eao HajBazuje, nopora loxe oinyzeHiKa x^ npe- 
nop7iiH 3a xHJiocT. To nopoTHjraco npaBO 7 EirjiecKoj je 
Bpjio BazBO c Tora, jep o^Hqio B^aAaoipi i Atij noxH- 
jioBafte OHOie, kojh 6m oa crpaHe nopore sa to 6mo npe- 
Dop7qeH(*). Fa3^ore sa TaKaB npeAJior noMH.ioBaft7 no- 
poTa A^je opeKO CBora npBaKa. Eao pas^iosH sa to odH^Ho 
ee ynoTpe((^yjy : aBo 6m to 6ma& npBa npHBHiia oirryxe- 
BHBOBa ; MAM aRo 611L ooTyxeHHK 6m t ^ r k uiaA a& hbjo 
Horao Aoera a^ oueHH Be^HqaHy npaBHO noBpe^e cbojbx 
KasibBBHH Ae^ox; h Toxe c^btooC). 

Ilpe Hero mTO 6hcmo saBpniH^iH roBop thx nopoT- 
HHiiRHX OAJiyBaxa, BasHo je a^ ce AOTaBHexo jom ABejy 

CTBapB. 

To je, npBO, naTafte : Aa ahi cy nopoTHHijB xjtrmiil a^- 
BaTH notfyAe sa cBojy oA^yRy? 

y HajcTapHJa Ao6a, hs Rora ce SHa eHMecROJ nopoTH^ 
nopoTHHijH cy (Jb^h Ay»HH AftBaTH no6yAe sa cBojy oAJiyRy 
y OBa ABa cjiyqaja : 



(*) MQrhy, y uaecAeHOj kh>. cTp. 601. Mittermai er, Engl.* 
schottesches Strafverfabren, crp. 486, 502. Biener Oeschworenen- 
gericht, kh,. I crp 387 — 402. 

I*) Biener, y uaseji. kh>h3h, Aejy II, cxp. 182 — 184. 



EHF-iECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 



23 



a., Ako 6h npeAceAHHE cy^a ifcHxoBy oaajej na^iasHo 
3a HeynyxHy; h 

6.y Ako nopoTHHi^H y MHiiL&eH>y ho 6fl 6h^h caMacHH 
y OHHM MywjeBHMa, r^e 6h momo 6hth nyHOBaane OA^yKe 
H (Jes jeAHOMacHocTH (bhah nanpeA). IUTa BHme y tom Apy- 
roM c^y^ajy CTaBj^ana cy Mum^efta nojeAHHHX nopoTHHEa Ha 

npOTOKOJl. 

Hy AOijHHJe je npeciajio to AftBaae no6yAa oa cipane 
nopoTHHBa. He caHO a& ohh Hucy Ay^HB to paAHTH, seb 
mTa BHme, ano 6h npeAceAHHB to xpasHO, npnas nopoxe 
HHa npaBO OAroBopaxH, a^ oh HHJe OBJiambeH a^'Th Te no- 
(5yAe. To BaaH h Aanac y EfliJiecEOJ. Enr^iecKa nopoxa ne 
Aaje fl,siiiAe HHEaEBe no6yAe sa ony CBOJy OAJiysy : spRB h^h 

HeBHH(*), 

A, Apyro HHTaBe, Koje Tpe6a Aa o(5jacHHMO to je : nrra 
ce pasyMe noA Taso HasBaHOM oco6eH0M nopoTHHqsoH 
OAJiyKOM. (Special-yerdikt), Bh.ih 6hcmo HenoTnyHH y o(J- 
pa^HBaH>y npeAMeTa, saA 6hcho ocTaBHJiH Heo6jamH>eHo : mra 
ce pasyie hoa tox oco6eHOH OA^ysoM. 

EopoTHHip KOA Enrjieaa pemaBajy yBeK, nopeA CTBap- 
HHX HHTafta, H npaBHa, HapaBHo y bo^ihro cy ona no- 
Tpe({Ha 3a ftHXOBy oAJiyRy: kphb h;im ne. To je npaBHJio. 
Me^y THM, no Hsysety, AonynrreHO je, jom oa nocTaHKa no- 
poTe, eHr^ecKHH nopoTHHitHHa a& y ohhh cjiyqaJHMa, lAe nx 
n p a B H HHTafte ne 6h (Jhjio jacHO, ohh yTBpAe h OA^y^e 
caHo CTBapnoH HBTa&y, a npaBHO HHTa&e ca cbhh 
Aa ocTaBe cyACKOj oitenH h peraefty. H)HxoBa je Ay^HocT 
TaAa caMO to, a^ noysAano h y cBHHa nojeAHHOCTHMa boh- 
CTaTyjy h yTBpAe CTBapny CTpany AeJia, KaKO 6h npexa 
TOie cyAHja Horao HSBpniHrH noysAany npHHeny npana. To 
nopoTHH^Bo yTBpl^efte caMO CTBapnor A^^a y saBBOM on- 



(*) Biener, Hcxa KH>Hra, cxp. 189. 



24 EHr-lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCMA nOPOTA 

Tyatefty, ^ecTO je Bpjio npocTpano, npejiasH y nojeAHHOcm 
(cneAHJajiHTexe) ; 3a to je xa OflJiyKa AO^H^ia HMe : c ii e it h- 
jajiHa OA^yKa. 

To je xa oco6eHa nopoTHHTOa o^^yKa, o Kojoj cmo 
€Maxpa;iH 3a Ay^HOCT Aa nporoBopHio obo HeRO^HRO pe^H 
€ ROJHMa beHo daBpiuHXH roBop xoMe. Gaio Lexo aoa^xh 
join joAHo; y HOBHJe Ao6a c;ia6o ko 6paHH xy ycxanoBy cne- 
i^HJajiHHX uopoxHHqRHx OA^iyRa, jep ce y aoj Ha^asH H3({e- 
raBaH>e noxnyHor BpmeBa nopoxHHqRe AyanocxH, na mxexy 
npaBAe(*) 

5. EoHxpojiHcaibe nopoxBH^Re OA^yRe. 

OAJiyRy nopoxHHqRy Mopa Aa HCRaae npBaR nopox- 
BHMRH y jaBHOj ceAHHiiH H y npncycxBy onxyaeBHROBOM. 

To ce iisBpmyje Ba OBaj Ba^HB: 

IIpBaR npe CBera caonmxaBa cyAy, Aa cy cbh nopoxBmH 
carjiacBH; b 3a xhm, Ba nHxaH»e cyACRor noMOBol^e (clerk), 
Ra3yje OAJiyRy nopoxe. A noc;ioBo^a tfejieatH xy OA^ysy h 
o6paiiajyiiH ce nopoxBHi^HMa, noBaBJ&a xy OAAyRy oflaso, RaRo 
je cxaBjBeBa sa npoxoRO^i, h xaRo, RaRO je npoxoROJiBcasa, 
xa OA^yRa oBAa Ba3RH(*). 

Aro ((h nopoxBH^Ra OA^yRa r^iacBJia, aa oniyseBHR 
BHJe RpHB, OBAa ra cyA OAMax nymxa y cjio6oAy, A aRO 
(5h rjiacfl^a „RpHB", — OBAa XMMe Bacxaje MOMCBax, Aa Ap- 
asaBBe cyAHJe HspeRy Rasay, o qeHy keHO roBopHXH y xa^iiH 
Ba peAy. 

6. Hpecy^eBe oa cxpaBe cyAHJa. 

EBFJiecRO nopoxBO cyl^eH»e, Rao raxo je HBa^e nyao 
^opMajiBocxB, xaRO H y obom noc^eA&eM aRxy cy^eB>a noqBB>e 
c jeABOM «opHa^flOBiiiy. 



(*) Biener, y HaeeAeHOj kh>h3h, II Aeo, cxp. 184. Mitter- 
maier, Engl.-schottisches Strafverfahren, crp. 48 4 — 487. 
(*) Biener, y pe<ieHOj kh>h3u ^e^y II cxp. 190. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA 11 CPnCKA nOPOTA 25 

To je <i>opMajiHOCT y oBOMe: 

Ho niTO ce oniyaeHHEy caonniTH oA^yKa ,EpHB*, oHAa 
ra npeAceAHHB y cBHMa onxyaie&HMa sa s^io^hh, 
DHTa npe CBera : HMa jih mxa Aa HaBeAe npoiHB xora, mio 
le My cyA HspeLn npecyAy. H KaA onxyaeHHK na to HHrnia 
He (5h npHneiHO (mxo je o6HqHO cjiyqaj) — OHAa cyA h 
npacxyna HspHiiafty npecyAe y CMHwy nopoxHHqKe OAJiyKe. 
Hy no HCEaA Moate Aa ^JA^ h npoxHBaH OAroBop na 
nHxaB>a. Aeo 6n onxysenHE y^HHHO EaEBy npHHeA^y, a h 
npeAceAHHE 6h cyMH»ao o nyxHOCxH nopoxHHqEe OA^yse, — 
OHAa OH OA^aaie nspHiiafte npecyAe, hjih aEo 6h h HspeEao 
npecyAy, OAra^a H>eHO H3BpraeH>e. Y xaEBOi c^yqajy npeA- 
ceAHHE cyAa niHJbe xy cxnap na pemeRe ^nexHaecxopima cy- 
AHJa EnrjiecEe* (xo cy q;iaHOBH xpn najBHrna cyAa), na EaEo 
OBH (5yAy peniHJiHj onaEo Mopa h Aa ocxane. BpaHHOitH 060- 
jflx cxpana HMajy xaAa npano, Aa CBOJy cxBap sacxynajy 
npeA THM HaJBHfflHM cyAHJaMa('). 

Hy EaA HHJe xaEan c^yiaj, xo jecx EaA ne (Jh 6h.io hh- 
EasBe upHMeA^e oa cxpane onxyateHHEOBe npoxHB nopoxBH^Ke 
OAJiyse H EaA hii npeAceAHHE ne 6h HMao mxa ftoj Aa aa- 
MepH, — OHAa npeAceAHHE Hspn^e npecyAy cxoaho nopox- 
HflqEOj OAJiyAH; OApe^yje oEpHBAenoMe Easny no saEony. 
y EnrjiecEOJ xo BpniH jeAan AP»aBHH cyAHja, eojh je y 
jeAHO H npeAceAHHE nopoxnor cyAa, jep y enrjiecEHM nopox- 
hhm cyi^eftHMa h ne saceAanajy BHme AP»aBHHx cyAHJa. 

To je, y rjiaBHOM, xoe eHMecEor nopoxnor cy^eaa. 
Oho HMa ABa jyeAn. JeAan, y eomc peraanajy caMH no- 

pOXHBAH (OA^yKa EpHBBItH H^IH HeBHHOCTH) H APyrH, 

y EOMe pemaBa caM jeAaHApa^aBnncyAHJa, Eao npeA- 
ceAHHE nopoxnor cyAa. Taj APataBHH cyAHJa ynes je ^Jian 



{^] liieuer, iicTa KH»ura, Aeo II, crp. 195. 



26 EHr.lECKA, *PAHUyCKA M CPHCKA nOPOTA 

KEKBor Befeer eHwecKor cjAa, Kao mio cmo BeL HMa^H 
npH^HRe HanpeA Aa cnoHeneMo. 

CaA Aa bhahmo RaRO to 6HBa y ^panitycROJ. 

II. y p a H u y c K j. 

IIopoTHo cy^eH>e roa ^paHi^ysa neMa ohhx oopiajiHO- 
CTH Rao niTO Hx BHAecMO ROA Enrjieaa. 

C Tora y onHcy «»paHAycRor nopoxHor cyl^eBa MOseMo 
Aa (JyAeMo RpakH Hero mio cmo (5hjih y enr^ecROM. 

C oco6HHaHa «paHiiycRor nopoTQor cy^6H>a, hoLh beiio 
Aa no3HaMO qHTaoite, aRo nporoBopHMo o cjieAeLeii: 

l.y /l,Baja&e HopoTHHRa. 

OpaHitysH y tomg ne paAe onaRO ciporo Rao EHoesH. 
$paHitycRH nopoTHHi(H HHcy oABojeHH OA cao((paLaja ca CTpa- 
HHH ^yAHia jom oa HoqeiRa HSBH^aja, na npexpecy, na ao 
OA^yRe. Ha npoTHB, aRo 6h nssnl^a&e xpaja^io BHine Aana, 
opaniiycRH ^opoTHH^H mo6oahh cy hLh RyA xolejy fl cacia- 
jaiH ce c REM xofeejy Aaity sa BpeMe npeRHAa paAa; a oner 
HoLy CBaRH oa h>hx HotieBa PAe My je BOJLa. CaMO RaA no- 
poTHHitH Bell OAy y co6y, y Rojoj fee BelaxH h HspeLn cBojy 
OAJiyRy, — oHAa ce He CMejy BHrae hh c rhm cacxajaxM, aor 
cBojy OA^yRy He B3peRy(*). 

2., IlHxaH>a, Roja ce nojiasy nopoTHHi^HMa paA OAro- 
Bopa Ha H)HX y ^panitycROJ Mory Aa 6yAy paa^H^Ha. PjiaBHo 
je OHxaBe : je jih onxyateHHR RpHB h;ih ne. A na cjiyqaj Aa 6h 
nopoTHHiiH HamjiH Aa je RpHB, cxaBAajy hm ce h Apyra c n o- 
peAHa nHxafta, oa rojhx sebhch cxenen onxyateHHROBe 
OAroBopHocTH, Rao Ha npn^HRy, Aa ^ih je onxyaenHR qHMe 
HsasBaH Aa ypaAH RaaaHBo a^^o. 



(*) Biener, y HaBeAenoj kh>h3ii II Aeo, cxp. 165. Helie, pe- 
^CHa KH,. Aeo IX, cxp. 172 — 179. 



EHTJECKA, *PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 27 

7 pasHO AO((a, pasHO cy mhcjIhjih ^paHi^ysQ o iiHTai{>iiMa, 
3a Roja Tpe6a a^* cy HaA^e»&HH nopoTHHii^. 

Hy Hajnoae cy Aoni;iH ao yeepefta, Aa je Haj(JoAe h 
HajnpaRTHqHHje, a^ ^opoTHH^H pemaBajy caio o TaRO Ha- 
SBaHHH nHTaAHMa ^eA2Ly a nHTa&a n p a b h a Tpe((a Aa pac- 
npaBAajy AP»aBHe cyAHJe(*). 

3., Pjiacaifce nopoTHHRa. 

KaA ce saRAyra Hcipara na npeipecy, OHAa nopox- 
HHAH HAy y CBOjy co6y sapaA Bspflqaita oA^yRe. Hnje hm 
Aonynrreno, Aa to asBprae y caioj coahhi^h nopoiHor cyAa, 
Rao mxo CMO beaqahl a^ to lose 6htb roa Eerjiesa ('). IIo- 
Aaaetifl y CBOJy co6y obh laA co6om Hoce nanHcana BHiaBa, 
na ROJa Tpe6a Aa AaAy CBOje OAroBope, Cei Tora ftHMa ce 
TaA npeAaje Ty»(5a h cea ocxajia aRxa Hcxpare, ceM npoxo- 
Ro^a HCRasHMa CBeAORa. IIpH canon noAacRy iipeACOAHHR 
otfpata naatfty npBaRy nopoxe, rojhm peAOM xpe(5a nopoxa 
Aa OAXOBopH Ha nocxaBiBena nnxafta. 

KoA ^panityaa rjiacaae nopoxHHRa xajna je ne caMO 
3a ny6;iHRy u cyA, Bet hh nopoxHHiiH Hsie^y ce6e ne aiajy, 
RaRO je ROJH rjiacao. Ohh cy ysaROHH^H, Aa nopoxHHiiH r.ia- 
cajy xaJHo ca AHCXHtiHMa(*). 

xaRBOM HaqHHy xaJHor r^acaiLa MO»e ce roBopHXH 
3a, H npoxHB. EopHcx xaRBor xaJHor Maca&a oqeBHAHO 
je y xoMe, mxo xaAa nopoxHHitH neiajy yspoRa y cbojhm 
XJiaca&HMa Aa ce ynpaBJ>ajy hh no RaRBHM npnspe&HMa, a 
Hapowxo HeMajy qera Aa ce njiame. 

Hy onex neocnopna Mana xaRBor xaJHor r^acafta y 
xoiie je, mxo ce H>HMe npeRflAa cBaRa A^Oaxa h yBajaMHO 
o6aBemxaBaH>e Hsiel^y nopoxHHRa; a 6e3 xora cy^eH>e Bpjio 
jiaRO Moae Aa (5yAe noBprnno h jeAHOCxpano. 



(') Biener, kh>. II, cTp. 161. Helie, kh». IX cxp. 16 h 4aAe. 
(*) Helie, kh,. IX, cxp. 173. 
(*) Helie, kh,. IX, cxp. 180. 




28 EHFwlECKA, ♦PAimVCKA H CPDCKA HOPOTA 

niTO ce TH^e Tora, ko^hko nopoTHnqKHX MacoBa 
Tpe6a AH. CjAQy na ab, Cm ce so Morao a^ ovauhl sa npHBa, 
y Tone je «paHiiycKO saBOHOAaBCTBo H8Ap^a;io pasae npo- 
Mene. Fasen saBOHHy y pa3Ha BpeMena Tpa^sHjiH cy sa to: 
7, 8, 9 H 10 rjiacoBa. A caHo J6ahhm saBOHOi oa roAHne 
1797 xpaa^ena je car^iacHOCT cbhx ABaaaecT nopoTHHBa 
aa TO. Hy oneT h Taj saKon OApel^HBao je, Aa, aKo ce hh 
aa 24 caxaTa caBeTOBaH>a HopoTHHiiH ne 6h mof^h cbh ca- 
oacHTir, — OHAa je 3a nynoBaataH nopoTHH^BH saEAy^aK 
<$u;ia AOCTa, h caiia npocxa BetiHHa oacoBa. 

Me^y TMM KasneHHM nocTynKOM oa 1808 roAHne 6hjio 
je OApe^eHo, Aa je sa HspeKy ^kphb** (5hjio noTpetfno Haj- 
HaH»e ocaH rjiacoBa nopoTHH^RHX. A BaA 6h Macajio ce- 
AaM nopoTHHBa sa jeAHy, a neT sa npoTHBHy OA^yBy, — 
OHAa cy, no hctom saBOHy, r^aca^H o xoMe join h neT Ap- 
^aBHHX cyAHJa. To je y r^iaBHOM 6)aao saAp^aHo h saBo- 
HOM OA 24 Maja 1821 roAHHe. Hy saBOHOi oa 4 MapTa 
1831 roAHHe to je 6hjio yBHHyTO. Taj je saBOH OApe^HBao, 
Aa cy AOCTa o c a m nopoTHH^BBX r^acoBa, na Aa ce bo orjiacn 
sa BpiiBa; a aRO hx hh to^hbo He 6h ((hjio, OHTyaieHHB 
6fL ce oc;io(5a^ao. 

HajnocJie jeAan saRon oa 9 cenTeM(5pa 1836 roAHne 
OApel^BBao je, Aa RaA (>h 6viao ceAaM hopothh^rhx r^iacoBa 
npoTHB neT, OHAa 6h netHHa AP^annnx cyAHJa Mor^ia HCTy 
CTBap HsnexH na pemeae npeA ApyrenopoTHHRe. To 
H Aanac BajBH no opaniiycROH RasnenoM nocTynRy. Ila RaRo 
(5h ca^a OA^y^H^a Apyra nopoTa, TaRO 6h ocTajio CTaMO n 
HeiipoMeBHBo (*). Hy aRO cyAHJe to ne 6h ypaAH^H, oHAa cy 
OHH THMe npekyTHO noRasa^iH, Aa OAo6paBajy o c y a h y oa- 
;iyRy nopoTe, a na ocHOBy cane npocTe BeLnne rjiacoBa(*). 



(*) Code d' instruction criminelle, hjlblb 352. 
C) Biener, y HaBCAeHoj KifcHSH, Aeay I, cxp. 385 h A^^y H, 
CTp. 166, 177. 178 H 179. Helie, kh,. IX, cxp. 365. 



EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 2^ 

y ocTajioM cjAHJe cy y OpaH^ycKoj Bp.io peiKO Bp- 
niH.ie ynoTpe6y oa top cBor npasa, ^a JGAHOm laKO pemeHy 
CTBap OA cTpane nopoie Hsnoce na pemeite npeA Apyry 
nopoxy. 

4., KaKaB Tpe6a Aa j^ OAroBop Ha nHTaaa oa CTpane 
«paHiiycBHX nopoTHHRa? 

OpaHAycKH nopoTHHiiH HeMajy npaBa Aa y 6 ji a ^ e KBa« 
jiHMKaAHJy AG-^a, Bet cy Ay»HH npocTO Aa OAroBope: Aa 
jiH je oniyaieHHK KpHB 3a ^e^o, Kao ihto je npeACTaB.i>eH(> 
y Ty»6H. 

Hy Eao oco^HHa ^panitycKe nopoxe BaatH to, Aa no- 
poTa, nopeA Mspeqenor ^KpHB**, Moase aoasth h to, Aa HMa 
saKBHX ojiasmaBHHx obo^hocth (circonstances attenuants),^ 
TaAa je cyAHJa Ay^an Kaany Aa y({^a«H npena tomo. 

To je nocTa.ao OTyAa, rnxo ce THMe XTe^io Aa cnpe^ii,. 
Aa nopoTHHiiH He 6h 6e3pa3JiosHO oMotfa^a^iH, snajyliH Aa ($n 
ce Hopajia Be;iHKa sasna onTymennRy AOcyAHTH c HspeEon 
^KpHB**, areo My ce ne 6a npasHajie h ojiaKmaBHe oko;ihocth. 

A Ha Taj HaqHH yneAeno je Kao onniTe npaBH;io, Aa 
TIopoTHH^H HspHqy H TO : Aa ^H onTyaeHHK ana KaKBy o;iaK- 
maBHy oko^hoct(*). 

TaRBo npnBHJio Hose ce caito OAo6pHTH. /l,OHCTa ke ce 
BiHorH nopoTHHR npe pemHTH Aa h HeynyTHo HCKaate »He- 
bhh'', Hero Aa cbojhh rjiacoM npoyspoByje H3pniiaR>e RaRBe 
Ka3He, Rojy 6h cMaxpao sa nenpaBeAHy, npeTepano CTpory, 
na M0»Aa h cypoBy. J\,ok oBaKO c tom chctomom „o;iaKmaB- 

HHX OKO;iHOCTH* HOpOTHHK 3Ha, Aa Ha CBOJOJ caBecTH Heke 

Aa HOCH sa onTyatenHKa onaKBe Kasne, RasBe nanpeA cnoMe- 
HycMo. 3a to te ce nopoxHHR jiaKme ck^iohhth Aa Hspe^ie 

OHO CyA({OHOCHO „KpHB.'' 



(*) Biener, y pe^. KibHBif, A^^y II, cxp. 185 u 186. He lie, 
KH>, IK, cxp. 37. 



30 EHr4ECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA If CPnCKA nOPOTA 

5., KoHTpo;iHcaH>e uopoTHH^Ko OA^yKe. 

CBa ROHTpo^ia nopoTHB^Rnx OA^ysa roa OpaHiiysa je 
y Tone: 

a., niTO npBaR nopoie y jaBHOJ cgahhiih h y npn- 
cycTBy nopoTHHRa, onxyateHHRa fi aeroBor 6paHH0^a h cyAa 
HCRaayje OA^yRy nopoie h to y OAroBopy na nHxaaa ohhm 
peAOM, iTao niTO cy nopoxfl 6B;ia npeA^oseHa xa nsTafta (^) ; h 

6., HIto hcth npBaR nopoxny oA^yRy, oa CBoje cxpane, 
npeAaje npeAceAHHRy nopoxnor cyAa(*). 

To o6oje npBaR HBBpinyje, uo mxo Hajnpe y jaBHOJ 
ceAHHAH HsroBopH oBy *opMy;iy: „Sur mon honneur et ma 
conscience, devant Dieu et devant les hommes, la declara- 
tion du jury est »Oui, I'accus^ etc. Non, Paccus^ etc." 
(Ha Mojy ^acx h caBecx, npeA BoroM h AyAHMa, nopoxa 
je OAJiyTO^ia, a^ je onxyateHHR RpHB n x. a. h;ih a* HHJe 
RpHB H X. A.)(')> UpH HsroBapaity xe ©opMyjie, npBaR Apan 
pyRy Ha cBOMe cp^y. 

THMe ce saBpmjje paA nopoxHHRa, a nacxaje paA Ap- 
^aBHHx cyAtfja o qeny lieMO caA roBopHXH. 

6., HapHitaibe npecyAe oa cxpane ApaaBHnx 
cyAHJa. 

Ilpe Hero mxo 6hcmo Raaa^H, RaRo xo 6MBa tfalie no- 
xpe^HO Ah ce HOSHaMO c OApeA($0M ^pani^ycRor saRona o 
xoMe: Roje AP^asHe cyAHJe cyAe y nopoTHHM cyAOBBMa, h 

ROJIMRO BX je. 

KoA $paHity3a y nopoxHOM cyAy cyAe xpn AP^asHe 
cyAHJe, OA ROJHX jeAaH BpmH Ay»Hocx upoAceAHHRa. Cse xpn 
xe cyAHJe o6htoo cy qjianoBH a^e4a^H0H0^ cyAa. Aro 
nopoxHH cyA paAM y Mecxy, xAe je ceAHmxe ane;iaitHOHOM 
cyAy, OHAa Hopajy caHo ^^lanoBH ane;iaiiHOHor cyAa saceAa- 



{*) Code d' instruction criminelle, »uaH 348. 

(^) IIcTH aanoH, ^aaH 348. Helie, k<h. IX, cTp. 188 u Aa^e. 

(^} Bhah hcth saKOH Mjan 343 Helie, kh>. IX CTp. 188 u 189. 



EHFjIECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA U CPDCKA nOPOTA 31 

BETH y nopoTHOM cjAj (*). Hy HMa H HsyaexaKa oa Tora. 
TaBO BaA 6h nopoTa pa^H^ia y BaKBOM jipyroM Meciy, OHAa 
y H)0j Mopa npeAceAaBaiH jeAafl ^Jian anejiaitnoHor cyAa, 
EojH ce y TO HMe HsamHAe y aoth^ho leeTO, a Apyi'6 Ase 
cyAHJe ysBHajy ce h;ih onex h3 ^JiaHOBa ane^iai^HHor 
cyAa, h;ih h3 npeAceAHHBa h;ih q;iaHOBa noMecnor npBocie- 
nenor cyAa(*). 

Ta TpojH^a ApaaBHHX cyAHJa Dspn^y npecyAy, cnpaM 
OA^yBe nopoTHH^Be. 

Abo cy nopoTHHAii OA^y^H^H, Aa onxyatenHB HHJe BpHB, 
OHAa npeAceAHHB nopoxHor cyAa OAiax o6jaBAyje, Aa je on- 
xy»eHHB oc;io6o^eH h Hape^yje, a* ce OAnax nycxH mo6o- 
AaH(*). y xaBBOM Cjiy^ajy cyA Moate OAMax a* P^niH h o 
rpa^aHCBHM noxpasHBaibHiiay Boja cy ($BJia Besana c BpHBnq- 
hhm; a Mose, aBo najiasH Aa oea Hscy noxnyHO HSBs^eHa, 
Aa OBJiacxQ jeAHor oa cbojhx qjianoBa Aa flx hsbhah, na Aa 
AOitHHJe cxBap noAHece cyAy Ha pemeH»e(*). 

A aBo 6h nopoTHHi^Q OA^y^njiH, Aa je onxyseHHB BpHB, 
OHAa je nocxynaB hejio ApyraqnJH. OHAa AP^aBHH xymHJiaii 
npeA^ajRe cyAy, no Bojoj OApeA^H Basnenor saBona h Ha 
Eojy BasHy Aa ce BpHBa^ ocyAH. A nocjie xor npeA^ora, 
npeAceAHHB nopoxnor cyAa nosHBa onxyatenHBa h aeroBor 
6paHHoita Aa OAXOBope Ha xaj npeAJior AP»aBHor xyanoita. 
Oaxobop h>hxob He cue ce AOXHi^axH h caMor nnxa&a : Aa ^h 
je OHxyateHHB bphb hjih ne, Beh ce Mopa orpaHH^HXH caMo 
Ha xo, Aa Ae^o, onaso BaBBo je BOHCxaxoBaHO, HHJe no 3a- 
BOHy Ba^ftHBO h;ih HHBaKO, HJiH Aa je KajEftHBo 6jiase, 
Hero mxo npeA^ame AP^aBHH AP^HJiaii (^). 



(*) Code d'instruction criminelle, M.iaii 2 52. 

(') HcTH 3aK0H, q.ian 2 53. lie lie, kh>. VUI cxp. 164 — 174. 

(*) Helie,, kh>. IX, cxp. 253 h 251. 

(*) HcTH saKOH, 1.1. 858. Helie. kh>. IX, cxp. 288 ii Aaj>e. 

(*) IFelie. kh». IX. cxp. 2 54 h Aa^e. 




^ 



32 EHr.lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA II CPHCKA IIOPOTA 

KaA ce H TO CBpmH, OH^a AP»aBHe cy;iHJe Hspn^y npe- 
cyAY, KojoM onTyateHHKa h;ih oc.io6a^jy, aKo 3aK0H 3a ao- 
TH^HO AQAO HHJe OApBAHO HHEaKBy Ka3Hy, HJiH ra ocy^yjy 
Ha KasHy, Kojy je saKOH OApeAHO 3a aoao Kao mio je oho, 
3a Koje je nopoxa OAJiy^H^a Aa je onxyatenHK KpiTB. To aP' 
ataBHe cyAHJe paAO h oHAa, KaA (5h ce h yBHAejio, a* A^-^o 
He 6h hdijio y HaA^e»HOCT nopoiHor cyAa, no mio je j[,eAO 
BeL n3BH^eH0 h ^asinqsH peineHo('). 

Thmc ce CBpmaBa cy^eae y nopoTHOM cyAy koa OpaH^y3a• 

/l,a BHAHMo KaKO ce to BpniH koa nac. 

III. y c p 6 N j N. 

Ham nopoTHH cyA HMa CBOj oco6eHH cacTaB. y ibeiiy 
cyAe qeTHpH rpa^aHHna, h Tpn AP»aBfle cyAHJe, 
KOJH cy qjianoBH npBOCTeneHor cyAa, a jeAan oa h>hx 
Mo»e 6hth h npeAceAHHK Tor cyAa. 

/l,OKJie je peq caMo o nHTaay: Aa ^h je onTy»eHHK 
KpHB HJiH HHJe, AOT^o CBa Ta ceAMopH^a cyAe Kao nopox- 

HHItH 3ajeAH0. 

Mh iieHo OHHM HCTHM poAOu, Kao KOA EHr4e3a n OpaH- 
^y3a npeACTaBHTH paAH>y h y HameM nopoxHOM cyAy. 

TaKo: 

1., /I,a no^HeMo ca ABajaftOM nopoxHHRa sa Bpeiie 
H3BH^aH>a H cy^eH>a. 

y Hac nena oHor ABajaH»a nopoxHHKa, Kao mio cxa 
BHAe;iH y Ehmockoj. Hy hh y tomo ctojhmo cjihtoo ©pan- 
i^ycKOM 3aK0Hy; h c naniHii nopoTHHUHHa hhko ce ne nose 
cacxaxH cauo KaA neb npHcxyne Ao6axoBaH>y e xjiaca&y. A 
aKo (!h H3Bii^aH>e Ha npexpecy xpaja;io Ay«e, nopoxHHiiH j 
noAHO HAy Ha py^aK KyA ko xoke, h Mory ce cacxaxH c khmc^ 



(*) BuAH peqcHH aaKOH, ^jauoBe: 362 ao 365. 



EHFwlECKA, ♦PAHUyCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 33 

xote; Kao roA mio h Hoty cBaKH cnaea ue ko xote, aKO 
6h npexpec ipajao BHine A^Ha. 

2., IlHTafta nopoTHHitHMa npeAM»e iipeAceAME no- 
poTHor cjAa. Oh to paAH KaA ^opoTHH^H ocraHy caMH aapaA 
caBexoBa&a n rjiacaH>a. /l,paiaBHn xysHJiai^, a hh 6paHfi4aii 
oniyateHHROB neMajy npaBa a* yinqy Ma koahbo na to: 
BaBBa iie nHTafta npeAceAHHB nopoTHHiiHMa a& npeA-^omn. 
Hy can npeACBAHHB cacTaBiba nHTa^a npena ypal^eHOM A^^y 
a no OApeA^ana sasoHa. Oh TpasH a& My uopoTHHiiH oa- 
roBope : 

a., 4.9 -^H je onTyaeHHB BpoB, t. j. a* ^^ j© ypMHO 

AOTH^HO BaSftHBO A^Ao; 

6.J Abo je BpHB, a& •ah ce CHaTpa Bao rjiaBHH BpHBaii, 
cayqecHHB h^h jaTaB; h 

B., /I,a jiH Hiia BaBBy o^aBmniiy, oie^BHiiy, yMaj>aBHy 
h;ih BSBHftaBHy obojihoct. 

Ham nopoTHQ saBon HCTHHa nuje HspeBOM OApeAHo, 
Aa iie nopoTHHiiH pemaBaiH h Ta ARa noc;i6AH>a nHTaH»a, Beh 
no caHOM TeBCxy saBona na npoTHB npe nar^eAa, a& ($h ohh 
Tpe6ajiH Aa pemanajy caMO o npBOM nHTafty, a ocTajia nn- 
Ta&a Aft pacnpaBJbajy caMO Aps^BHe cyAHJe. TaBaB cMHcao 
nameit nopoTHOM saBony A^jy fteroBH qjianoBH 39 h 42, 
jep ce y H»HMa BspeBOH bb^ih a^* tie nopoTHHi^H pemanaTH 
caMO „o HHTafty BpnBHi^e.'' 

Hy onex je nocra^a CTa^ina npaBTHBa boa HaniHX no- 
poTHHX cyAOBa, Aa nopoTHHAH pemaBajy cBa t^h rope no- 
lenyTa nHTa^a, a^b^b h o o^aBmni^aMa h oTesBHi^aMa. TaBO 
je nocTa^o na ocHony q^ana 56 saBona o nopoTH, bojhm je 
OApe^eHo, Aa cne niTo brbohom o nopoTH HHJe Apyra'ie upo- 
nHcano, Tpe6a paAHin no onmTeM BasHenoM nocTynBy, a to 
je H»eroB § 218, y bomb ce cnoMHay cna Tpn rope noMe- 
HyTa nHTaaa. Hy jom Banie to je nocTa^o na ocHOBy pac- 
nflca MHHHCTpa npaBAe oa 31. Ae^eM(}pa 1871 roA. Bp. 5048, 

rjACiiHK LXX. 3 



34 BHr;iECKA, «PAHayCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 

KOJBM J6 yBOAen y sbbot saROH o uopoTn b y bomb je B3- 
peBOM OApel^BHo, fl,9. cy nopoTHBi^H HaA^esHH Aft pemaBEJy 
H THH nHTa&HHa. 

Mh ap^hmo, Aft je ca CBtfM nyTHO, mro je HamHM sa- 
ROHOM OApe^OHO Aa nopoTHHm pemaBajy b o ohoh iiHTafty, 
Koje rope cnoMeHycMo Kao Apyro, a to je: Aa jih je on- 
TyseHHR r;iaBHH BpHsaii, cayqecflHK h^h jaTan. Oa OAro- 
Bopa Ha Ta nHTaiba mhofo saBHCR CTenen BasHeHe OAroBop- 
hocth; sa to je noTpetfeo, Aa o Tone pemaBajy tfam ohh, 
KOJH cy nodsaHH a& HCBasy, a& m je onTyseHHK npHB 

H^H HHJe? 

HcTO TaBo nyTHO je, mio nopoTHHi^H pemaBajy b o 
o^asmHiiaMa b ApyrHM oBOJiHOCTHMa. Hy npa CBeM tox ho- 
paMo AOAaTH, a^ je to nyTHO cane naqe^HO ysBHajy^H, 
a He H c FJieAHmxa naniBx hojioshrx 3aB0Ha. IIopoTHBitHMa 
AaxB Aft pemaBajy o o^aBmHiiaHa b ocTa^HM oKO^HOCTHMa 
ca CBBH je Ha CBOiie xecTy caMO y ohbh AP^ftBaiia, y BOJBxa 
HHcy nojiosHBM saBOHOH OApe^ene o^iaBmei^e b OTesHue. 
AoB y Hac TAe cy saBOHOH OApe^eHe b o^aBmsne 
H oxesBiie B yxaibaBHe obo;ihoctb, HenpHpoAHo je 
Tpa»HTB, Aa HamH nopoTHRiiH b o xoHe pemaBajy. IIpo csera 
tbmo ce OA HamHx nopoTHBBa xole Aft Tpasa 3HaH>e no- 
jiosHBx saBona, na Aft cyAe no H>B]ia. A to je npo- 
tbbho npBpoAH nopoTO y onmTe, jep iiopoTHHiiB ho cyAO no 
BaBBBH npaBB^BME nojiosHBX saBOfla, Beb no CBOxe cjio- 
60AHOM yBepefty. Gen Tora cxaBJbajytiB namBM nopoTHB^Bxa 
y AysHOCT Aft pemanajy b o^iasmBiiaMa b ocxa^BX obo/i- 
HOCXBMa Bao mxo bx sasoH na^paja, TBMe ce HamH nopoT- 
BBi^H rone na obo ABOJe: 

a., Haul Aa npoBprne ca cbojbm yBepeftex, aBO Mopajy 
A a ysase BaBsy o^aBmBi^y bjib OTesHiiy caxo sa to mxo 
TO OApe^yje nojiosan saBon, na na Aft to b ae 6fl oafo- 
Bapa^o ftBXOBOH yBepeftj; bjib 



EHr^EGKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 35 

6., Aft noBpeAB sasoH, He npHxajyLH nemTO sa ojiaB- 
niHiiy H^H oxesHi^y, v rbo 6h to saKOH HspeKOH OApe^HBao. 

3a 6ojbe o6jainH>eH>e OBora nocjiyjEHLeiio ce npBiiepoii. 
Sea ce, a^ nam nopoTHH saKOH npesHafte H3peB0M citaTpa 
sao o;iaBinHi^y; Ha^iOJiexcTBO Bao yHajbaBHy obojihoct; a 
paHHJy ocyAy atfor BpHBH^e Apyror poAa 3a oxeaaBny. 

Mose ;iH ce xpasHiH oa nopoxBHsa a^* Ha npn^Hsy 
npHSHafte yBeB yaase Bao o^iaBinHity Bao mxo ra uopajy 
npHXHXH ApaiaBHe cyAHJe, BaA xo saBOH nponucyje? H^ih 
nose ;ifi ce AonycxQXH nopoxHHi^BMa, a^ Majio^iexcxBO ne 
npHMe Bao yiiaibaBHy obojihocx?! 

A ^HH ce ocxaBH nopoTHHi^Hiia a^ o xoHe pemaBajy, 
OHH Mopajy 6hxh Cj1o6oahh h y jeAHOM h y ApyroM. 

To je ca cbhx npHpoAHa uooAeAHiia Ay^HOcxH, a^ Ham^ 
iH)poxHmH pemaBajy b o o^iaBmBiiaHa h oxesHAaxa. 

Mh xHxe He beiio a& BaseMO, a& nopoxBHi^H y on- 
mxe Be 6H xpe6ajiH a^ pemasajy o OJiaBmHiiaHa b oxesB- 
niaxa. Hy Ba npoxHB mh aP^hho a& to Be 6h xpe6ajiH Aa 
pemaBajy caMO aaniB nopoxBBi^H h xo joabo c xora, mxo 
cy y Bac ojiaBmBue h oxesHi\e OApe^Be no^osBHM aa- 
BOBBxa, a flam nopoxBB saROB aapeBOH bojib, a^ nopoxBBitH 
BB cy AysBH ApsftTB ce noJiosBBX npaBH;ia(*), sao mxo, 
y ocxa^OH aaxxeBa b caMa npHpoAa nopoxBor cyl^efta y on- 
mxe. Me^y xbh h saA 6b 6h;io OApe^eBO, a^ h nopoxBHiiH 
xpe<(a Aft ce Aps6 no;iosBor saBOBa, onex ce xo se 6h 
cAara^o c npBpoAOx nopoxBor cy^eH>a y onmxe, jep oaa 
3axxeBa cy^efte no yBopefty, a bo no nojioaiBOH sa- 
BO By. TaBo je, BapaBBo, OBAe, tao nojiosBB 3aB0B OApe- 
^yje ojiasmBi^e h oxeaiHiie, a bo ocxaBiba xo oi^obb cyACBOj, 



('] Bhah ^Jk, 42 Hamer aaKuua o DopoTa. 



36 EHrjECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPflCKA HOPOTA 

3. r^iacafte nopoTHHRa. 

ApsehH ce cTpaHHX nopoiHHx saKOHa, n nam nopoiHs 
saBOH OApeAHO je, ab, caBeTOBaH>e n r^acafto nopoTHHBa 6HBa 

T a j H 0. 

Mel^y THM npaRTBBOM cyACBOM to je nocxajio cava 
MpTBO nECMe Ha xapTHJH, a y cTBapH je caMO caBeio- 
BaH>e TaJHo, a r^iaca^e nopoTHtiEa jaBHO. 

TaKBa npaBTHRa roa Hamnx nopoxHHX cy^OBa nocrajia 
je jaMa^HO H3 norpemnor pasyMeBaaa ^JianoBa: 41 h 42 
Hamer saROHa o nopom, ofl. rojhx npBH Raayje peA Rojhm 
te nopoTHHiiH r^acaiH, a ApyrH xpaatH a^ ^opoTHB^H npH 
pomaBaRy A^jy CBOJe paa^iore. OiyAa ce roa hrc yo(}HqaJH.io, 
Aa CBH ^opoTHH^H noTDHcyjy RaRo je rojh r^acao, h a* ce 
TO mra BHme mHAe h y npenHcy BeheM cyAy, aRo 6yAe »a^6e; 
xe TRRO H»BXOBO rJiacaH>e nocxaje jaBHo. GBaRH rojh caMO 
pasrjieAa aRxa o nopoxHOH cy^e^y Mose OAMax BHAexn mh- 
mjbevbe cBaRor nojeABHor nopoxHBRa. Me^y thh b no caHOM 
xeRCxy Hamer nopoxHor saROHa xaRO ne 6h xpe(5a;io a* 6ja^ 
npaBHJiHo pasyMeBajyLH ra. Jep ^ME 43. nopoxHor saRona 
HspeROM Be;iH: „cBaRy npecyAy h pemeH>e cyA te, sajeAHO 
c pas^iosHHa, na oHCMeHO cxaBHXH, h noTHHCoH cbojhm 
OAOCxaBepBiH.* OsAe ce a&kab ne Raae AaienopoxHHitH 
xo noxDHcaxH, Bet caMO cyA- A a* to HHJe SHa^HJio jeAHO 
Hcxo BHAH ce oxyAa, mxo ce y 41 h 42 qjiany na npoxMB 
roBopH caMO o „^opoTflH^HMa", a He ,cyAy"; na RaA 6h 
ce H y nA. 43 noA flspasoM ^cyA** pasyneM „nopoxHfli\H*' 
xo 6h ce HspeROM cnoMeHy;io h oBAe. 

Hy H aRo HH xaRo o xoMe mhcmmo onex MopaHO c npo- 
XHBHOM npaRXBROM pa^yHaxH Rao ca caBpmeHHM ^hhom, na 
MopaMO A*™ CBojy oiteny o xoMe. Ta npaRXHRa Bpjio yOn- 
xaMo yxH^e na name nopoxHe cyAone. OxyAa ce roa Hac 
Bpjio ^ecxo H qyjy r^iacoBH, RaRO naniH nopoxHHi^H Macajy 
H npoxHBHo cBoie ytfe^eay, cano 6ojekH ce zaulx noc^OAHiia 



EHr4ECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA U CPHCKA nOPOTA 37 

OA CBora r^aca aRo 6e ra hslah na mxexy RasBor onTyse- 
HHRa. A OTjAa y Hac HHcy pexRH h MacoBH, rojh cy npo- 
THB nopoTHe ycTanoBe y onrnxe 3a nac n name npHAHRe, 
Rao niTO Be;ie. 

Hy H aRO je tom norpemHOM npaRTHROM exBopSHa Be- 
jiHRa MftHa HameM nopoiHOM cy^e&y, mh onex h6 ap^hmo 
4a 6h c xora xpe6a^o h caMo nopoxno cy^eite y Hac yRa- 
EyxH. Ha npoxHB mh ap^^hmo, a^ <(h caMO ipetfajio oxr;io- 
HHXH xy niROAAHBy npaRXHRy, na OHAa xy namy cxapy ycxa- 
soBy nopoxHor cy^efta pacnpocxpexH Ha cy^e^e no CBHia 
^/lO^HHEMa y onmxe. 

IIpH CBpmexRy roBopa xom oacafty aoa&^6mo, aa 
oniyseHHR Mose 6hxh orjiamen sa Rpnaa caiio OHAa, RaA 
<iH sa xo FJiacaAO ((ap nex nopoxHHRa (^). 

4. Oatobop nopoxHHRa Mopa a^ ce orpaHH^H na xo: 
4a ^H je onxyseHHR rphb sa a^^o, Rao mxo je xysen, jep 
aRO 6h ce na npexpecy noRasajio, a^ ($h a6^o 6hjio Apyra* 
qnje, h Aa ne 6h Hm;io y HaA^emHOcx nopoxHor 
«y^eH>a, — oHAa BOMy cyAO caie ApaaBne cyAHJe, tfes 
nopoTHHRa(*). 

5. EoHxpo;iHcaH>e nopoxnnqRe OA^yRe. 

Eao Rouxpo/ia HamHX nopoxHH^RHX OA^yRa cxojn obo 
ABOJe : 

a., mxo cy nopoxHHiiH Aya^HH a^ noRaaiy pas^ore, Ha 
ROJHMa ocHHBajy cBOJy 0A4yRy('); h 

6., nixo npeAceAHHR y jaBHoj ceAHHiiH otfjaBJtyje xy 
OAJiyRy y npHcycxBy cyAHJa h nopoxHflKa(*) kho h Apj^an- 
Hor xysHOita, onxyxeHHEa e HieroBor 6paHiiOAa(^). 



(*) Bhah ApyrH OAOAaK saauu 40. 
C) Hi an 46 saKOHa o nopOTu. 
(') MaaH 42 saKOHa o nopoxH, 
(^) Hjeh 44 aaKOHa o nopoTu, 

(^) Bhah S 2 49 H 259 Kaatieuor nocTynua y eeaii ca tij. 5^ 
4iaK0Ha o nopoTB. 



38 EHraECKA, «PAHUFCK>i U CPDCKA nOPOTA 

Teko je oApe^eHO saRoHoi. 

A Mel^y TUH npEKTHKOM je yBOAena jom joAHa roh- 
Tpojia THx nopoTHHWHx OA^jKa, a xa je : 

R., SIto cbh nopoTHHi^H HOTDHcyjy CBoja MHm^efta hah 
oAiiyKy. 

Mh LeMO caA peAOM sasaTH mra mhcahmo o tom roh- 
Tpo;iHcaH>y nopoTHH^RHX OA^yRa. 

Oho AABafte pasjiora oa eipane nopoxHHRa sa &h- 
xoBy OAAyRy opoTHBpeqH cauoj npHpoAH nopoxHor cy^H»a^ 
Roje HMa sa CBOjy ocHOBnity caxo yBepe&e, a yBepe^e je 
Hemxo ynyxpamfte, xec xora je sa &era cyBHmno a&~ 
BaxH RaRBe pas^iore, rao neoixo cnojbamH>e. 

Mh A&KJie xo cMaxpaMo reo Mftny Hamer nopoxHor sa- 
ROHa, a HaJMafte je ((ap Hemxo cyBHHUo. 

Hy Rao jom BeLa BeroBa M&na o^eBHAHO je xo, mxo 
Ham HopoxHH saROH Aonymxa nopoxBHitHxa, Aa cBoje yse- 
peH>e RpHBHiiH h;ih HeBHHOcxH Kpne ne caxo hs AORasa 
Ha npexpecy npHHeceHHX, BeLHHHaqe ^H^nosHaaaiba 
cxBapH* ('). Ta 0ApeA(5a Hamer nopoxHor saRona najnpe je 
cynpoxHa ^^any 45 Hcxor saRona, rojh HspeROM BejiH : »hh- 
mxa He BpeAH saR^yqefte, Roje 6h ee 0CHnBa;io na AORasHiia^ 
RoJH Ha rjiaBHOM npexpecy HHcy noRasaHH**, jep oho ;,no- 
sHanafte cxsapn'' HSBeeno ce ne hshoch na npexpecy, Beb 
AOHOCH roxoBO ca cxpane, A cei xora oho cy^eae ,no no- 
SHEBEfty cxBEpH'' He Cite ce HasBaxH cy^efte no AORasHiia^ 
Beh no ;iHqH0H pacnojioseH»y nopoxHHRa. Me^y xhm 
xaRBO cy^efte najrope je, jep ce cjiyaiH caNo neRHM npex- 
nocxaBRaiia, a ne ocHOBHMa pasyiia n ^orHRe. Ila mxo je 
jom najrope, npoxHB xora neiia HHRaRBe noMotiH, jep ce s6or 
xora He Moae yHHmxBXH upecyAa uopoxHor cyAa hh no hs- 
jaBJbenoj ^ea^h Racai^HOHOH cyAy. 



(') BtfAH qjaHOBe: 39 u 42. 



EHrJBCKA, 4»PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA DOPOTA 39 

IIpoTHB OHor A P 7 r r naqHia o ROHipo/iHcafty naniBX 
nopoTHH^BBX OA^jBa, Heiiaiio mra Aa npHMeTuo, jep je ao- 
Hcra AOCTa rapaHMJe sa hcthhhtoct OAJijKe, KaA tty npeA- 
C6AHIIK (BOJH je saJeAHO H nopoTHHB, T6 DO TOMe je TO auqeo 
OHOM ^npBaBy* y crpaHM nopoiaMa), — HCKasyje OA^yKy 
y jaBHOJ ceAHHiiH npeA CBHMa cyAHJaMa h nopoxHHi^HMa, 
onTymeHHBOHy H>eroBHM tfpaHHOiieii h ciymaoi^BMa. 

Hy HHJe TaBo c ohhm TpeLHM o6jihbom BOHxpo^Qcaiba 
nopoTHu^KHX OA^ysa. Hh onaj, roje ne 6h HHao mxa npH- 

MeTHTH HB npOTHB OHOF npBOT HH APyrOF Ha^HHa BOH- 

Tpo^Hcafty nopoTHH^BRX OA^ysa, sa hqao Hopate a^' ocyAH 
oHy npasTHsy boa HamHX nopoxHHX cyAOBa, nrro nopoTHHiiH 
noTHHcyjy cBoja MHmAefta. IIpHpoAHa noMeAHiia lor nox- 
nHCHBafta xa je, a^ rjiacafte nopoTHHWo nocxaje jaBHo. 
A xo BOjiHBO je, c jeAHe cxpane, apoxBBHo Hspe^noM aa- 
Bony (*), xoMBo je c Apyre cxpane cxpane, nrrexHO sa cany 
npaBAy. Mhoxh nopoxamH neMajy xojihro rpa^ancBe OABa^B- 
HOCH, A& jaBHO Macajy sa Hemxo, aBO 6h ce HaAa^H oxyAa 
BaBBoj onacHOcxH sa ce6e h^h cBojy BMOBney Bao mxo 
HanpeA HanoxeHyeiio. 

6. HspHKaibe npecyA^. 

KaA cy ^opoxHH^H (Ap»aBHe cyAHJe m rpa^HH) Bek 
HCBasajiH CBOjy OAJiyBy, — OHAa Hacxaje paA caMHX Ap- 
ataBHHX cyAHJa y nopoxnoM cyAy. To cy OHa Hcxa xpo- 
]VQfi. ApsftBEHX cyABja, BoJH cy npe xora pemaBa^H Bao no- 

POXHBI^H. 

3aAaxaB xhx cyAHJa, nowe Hspeqene nopoxcBe oA^yBe, 
y xoMe je: Aa npeia nopoxcBoj OA^iyAH HSBpme npHieny na- 
xepHJa^Hor nM «opHa;iHor saBoaa. 

Abo je uopoxa OAJiy^BJia, aa oaxyseHHB HHJe BpHB, 
— OHAa ApaaBHe cyAHJe BspBqy npecyAy, Aa ce oh ocjio- 



(^) Hji, 40. saKOHa o nopoTB. 



40 EHFjIECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 

60AH H OAMax ra nymiajy y cJiotfoAy. A aso je nopoia oa- 
jiyqHJia a& J6 onTyseHHB RpnB, OH^a ^p^E^aBHe cy^BJe hs- 
pM'iy npecyAy Tone: 

a., EojH saROH Tpe6a upHMenHTH na a^ao, 3a Roje je 
onxyseEHB ORpHBJbeH; 

6., Kojy KasHj oApe^yjy oniymeHHRy sa to Ae^o; b 
Hajnoc;ie 

B., KaRBy HaRHaAy ipetfa ouiyateHHR Aa AaAC npM- 
BaxHOM xysHOAy, h RaRBe xpomROBe Ay^an Le 6]ith a^ 
n;iaTH('). 

TOM DOMeAfteM HHTaBy, to jecT TponiROBHiia Ap- 
ataBHe cyAHJo npecjljyjy h ohah, RaA (5h onxyaeHHR ({ho 
ocjio6o^eH nopoTCROM OA^yROM Rao HeBHH. To cy ohh Ay»HH 
Aa ypaAe no nape^HOJ 0ApeA(5H Apyrora OAe&Ra y § 328 
RasneHora nocrynRa, no Rojoj ce Mose Aft ocyAH na njiaLafte 
TpomROBa H onaj onTysenHR, rojh 6b 6ho ocjio6o^eH fl Ra» 
HeBHH, caio aRO je RaRBOM cbojom nenpanHJiHOM paAftOH a^o 
noBOAa HSBH^afty npoTHB ce6e. 

Hy caMo nBTaH>e naRnaAH niTeTe cyA Mome h a^ 
ocTaBH Henpecy^eno TaAa, h Aft omTefeeHor ynyTH sa oco- 
6eHy rpa^HCRy napHHiiy. TaRo 6HBa yseR OHAa, RaA 6h 
OHTyseHHR 6ho oc;io6o^eH. A h RaA ($h 6ho ocy^en Rasneno, 
TO oneT Mose a& ijA% ^RO 6h cyA namao, a^ rpa^ancRa 
Tpas6a jom HHJe Aocra HSBHt^ena, na ($h ce 36or fte Mopa^ia 
pasBJia^HTH H caMa Rasnena OAJiyRa, RaA ($h ce XTe;io a^ 
ce o6a nHTaH>a — RasHeno h rpa^ancRO — pacnpase oa 
jeAHOii(*). 

no HameH nopoTHOM saRony, noc^e nopoTCRe OA^yRe, 
a npeA caHHM HspHiiafteii cyACRe npecyAe, hh jeAna CTpana 
HeHa npana a^ mTO roBopn. Hhth ApsiaBHH Ty^H^aii TaAa 



(^) Bhah Apyrn u rpehii OAe^aK ha. 39. saKona o nopoTH. 
(*) S 296 Hamer KaaHCHor nocrynKa. 



EHniECICA, «PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 41 

npeA^ase npniieHy nasHe ; hhth onxysenHB hae H>eroB 6pa- 
BHJiaii niTO roRope o xoie. 

To cBe CBpmaBa ce, no Hameii nopoTHOi saROHy, npe 
nopoTCKe OAJiyKe. A nocjie obo jeAHHH je paA cyACKH to, 
iHTO ce AP»aBHe cyAHJe caBeiyjy na caMo, HspHqy npecyAy 
H caonniTaBajy je jaBHO CBHMa. 

OxyAa je nocTa^io, Aa ce y Hamen nopoTHOU cyAy ne 
caonmTaBa sace^HO nopoxcRa OA^yRa, Aa je RpHB, a onex 
3ace6HO ocyAa cyACRa Ha Rasny h oexajio, Rao mxo xo ()HBa 
y eHMecRoj h ©panitycRoj nopoxH, y nac na npoxHB, ihm 
6iiL nopoxa 0AJiy^H;ia, Aa je onxyseHHR RpHB, OAiax AP^aBHe 
cyAHJe caMe Hspnqy RasHy h ocxajio, na OHAa xo o6oje 
OA jOAan nyx npeAceAHBR caonmxana jaBHO, Rao 
mxo CMC nanpeA Rasajin. 

Ha sanpniexRy roBopa o xosie, AOAaiieHO, Aa y nameM 
nopoxHOM saRony neita onaRse OApeA((e, no Rojoj 6h ap- 
»aBHe cyAHJe hotaq otfycxaBHxn HBBpmefte nopoxcRe OA^yKe 
6eao HSHomefteM npeA BHme cyAHJe Rao mxo je y Enr^e- 
CROJ, 6eao npeA Apyre nopoxHHRe, Rao y $paHi\ycROJ. 

ToJiHRO CMC cMaxpa^H 3a noxpefino Aa nporoBopHMO o 
OBOM A^Aj nopoTHor ey^eH»a roa Enrjiesa, Opanniysa h nac 
Cp6a. A caA teMO Aa npefceio na npexnocAeAftn a^o y OBOJ 
namoj pacnpaBH. 



3. npaBHO cpeACTBO npoTns nopoTHHx 
npecyAa. 

To je noc4eAn>H a^o y RasHenoH npoAecy. G h>hm ee 
o^H^HO CBpmaBa cBaRO onxyseibe; aa xo noxnynocx npeA- 
Hexa saxxoBa, Aa n o xoMe OB^e nporoBopHMo, ro;ihro je 
noxpedno. IIoxpyAflteMo ce Aa y roBopy o xomo 6yAeM0 mxo 



42 EHraECKA, «PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA DOPOTA 

je MoryLe jacHHJB; a y hcto Bpene h mxo je MoryLe Rpakv, 
BaRo He 6e cyBsmEBM roBopoM msoAH^H AO^poii b npaBHJi- 
HOM noJH]iaH>y. 

I. y E H r ;i e c K j. 

EBr^ecKH sasfleHH nocrynaR ^onymxa qeTHpii npasHa 
cpeACTBa npoTBB nopoTHBX npecyAa. 

To cy: 

1., Attincta hm atteinte. 

To npBO npaBBO cpeACXBO npoTUB nopoTHHX npecyAa 
ynoTpetfjbaBajio ce jom y BajcTapHJe Ao6a oa RaRO ce 3Ea 
3 a nopoTHO cyl^eibe y EHr^ecRoj. 

O90 ce cacTOJajio y Tone: oapTaja, Ha qajy 6h mxeTy 
6HJia Mspeqefla nopoxcRa npecyAa, majiBJia ($h ce a^ cy no- 
poxHHi(H cyAH^B npoxBB JBCBBX AORasa (evidence), h xpa- 
»H;ia 6b bobo cy^eH>e npeA ApyroM nopoxoM. 

Arc 6h cyA Bamao, aa Hia Bsr^eAa, Aa cy nopoxBBiiH 
AOHcxa BenpaBO cyAB^iH, OBAa (Jb AonycxBo Aa Hcxy cxBap 
cyAi BOBa nopoxa b xo cacxaBJbeBa bs 24 JiBiia. To ce 
SBajio cxpyqH>aqRH]i jesBROM atteinte. 

Ha cjiyqaj, a& ^^ Ta Apyra nopoxa AOBCxa namjia, a^ cy 

npBB nopOXBBIlB CyAB/IB npOXBBBO jaCBBM AORasBMa, — OBAa 
cy npBH UOpOXBBIlH XOr^B 6BXB RaSH>eBH Rao RpBBORJieXBHI(H. 

Eao mxo ce bhah bs OBora, xo je 6ihao y BeRy pyRy 
npsnyABO cpeACXBO, Aa 6b nopoxBBitH rjiacajiB OBaRo, RaRo 
Le 6bxb no bojI>b ap^^bboj BJiacxu, jep oa i^e je aaBBCB/io, 
xote AB Aa AonycxH bab Be bobo cy^eH»e. C xora ce xo cpcA- 
cxBo cbo MaH>e h MaH»e ynoxpe6jbaBaAO, b Bel y 16-o]i BCRy 
roxoBo npecxa^o. A Bajnoc^e saRonoH oa 1825 toabbo obo 
je ca CBBH yRBByxo, Rao npoxBBBO caxocxa^iBOCXB cy^efta. 

/l^anac xo npaBHo cpeACXBO y EBx^ecRoj Besa BBme npaR- 
xB^Bor SBaqaja, jep ce obo Be Aonymxa BBRaRo. H c xjie- 
ABmxa AaBamH>er nojiosnor npasa ysBMajyiiB, mb cmo boxjih 



EHraECKA, 4>PAHUyCKA H GPnCKA nOPOTA 43 

Aa TO cpeACTBO npe^ejio tjTKe. Aahl z6ot HciopHJcKe noT- 
nynocTH y o((paAH npeAHOTa, MopajiH cho nporoBopHin to h6- 
ROJiHKO peu OBOH H6rAaiim»eM npaBHOM cpeACTBj npoTUB 
nopoTHHx npecyAa(*). 

2 y Apy^o npaBHO cpeACTBO npoTiB nopoTHHX npecyAa 
jecT TaBo HasBaHo: writ of error (saji6a 3()or norpeniRe). To 
je cpeACTBO TaBo^e npacTapo. Oho ce nose Aa ynoTpe^H 
y OBHM c;iy^aJHMa: a., saA 6h ce AOBasajio, Aa nopoTCsa 
npecyAa Hiia BaBBy cymTacTBeny Many, hjih 6., BaA ($h 
6h;io BaBBe Mane Ban aBaTa; yla najnoe^e b., BaA <$h spn- 
Bai^ 6ho ocylb^H na Basey, Boje no saBony neiia. 

ycjbeA ynoTpetfe TaBBor iipaBHor cpeACTsa HSHOCHJia 6n 
ce CTBap na pemeibe najBHmex cyAy hjih ropfteH AOMy Aa 
pemn: Aa ^h iie ce AonycTHTB hobo nopoTCBo cy^efte hjih 
ne. Abo 6h ce to AonycTH^o, OHAa ce npeVtmfte cy^efte 
CHaTpa^o Bao Aa ra HHJe hh 6iiA0 h oino^ejio 6vi ce hobo 
HSBHl^afte H cy^eiLe. Hy to ce cpoACTBO MO»e ynorpe^HTM 
cano BaA (>H Bpaji> HspeBOH AonycTHO. 

r^aBHa Hftna top npaBHor cpoACTBa oqeBHAHO je y Toxe, 
niTO ce H no^HTHqne ^HftenHite (ropH>H aox h Bpaji>) yB^ia^e 
y cyACBO nocJioBO. 

To npaBHO cpoACTBo ^error** o^h^ho cy ynoTpetf^Ba^H 
Hac^eAHUi^H y^HJenor no npecyAH y to HHe, Aa 6h ynrreAejiH 
BOHOHCBaKHJy fteroBor Hiiatt^a, Boja je boa EHFJiesa npnpoAHa 
noc^OAHiia TaBBHx Basnennx ocyAa. 

Me^y THM TO ce cpoACTBO y onnrre nose ynoTpe^HTH 
caxo BaA <(h onTysenHB 6ho ocy^en; a HHBaBO h BaA 6e 
ra nopoTa ocjio6oAH^a (*). 



(*) Bi^ner, y HaBeAOHOj KH>if3H. A^ay II. cTp. 193. Mitter- 
maier, Engl.- scbottisches Strafverfahren, crp. 494. 

(*) Biener, y pe^euoj Kii>H3H A^.iy ApyroM, cxp. 199 — 200; 
Mittermaier, y UBTupaHoj KH>HaH, 533, 543. Miihry, y pe^eHOj 
KH>H3H, A^jy ApyroM. CTp. 546. 



44 EHr^ECKA. <»PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA HOPOTA 

3., Kao Tpete npasHO cpeAciBO npoTHB ocyAHe nopoT- 
CKe upecyAe jecT Tpa»6a noBor cy^eaa new trial. To 6h 
HM&AH Aa ypaAe ApyrH nopoTHHitH, aEO 6h ce to cpeACTBo 
ysasHJio. 

IIpBH nosHaxH c^y^aj Tor npaBHor cpeACTBa ($ho je hs 
roAHHe 1655. 

Fa3^08H sa AOSBO^y lasBor npasHor cpeACTBa obo cy: 

a., Ako 6h ce AOKaaa^o, Aa je jeAHa napiaja HMajia 
HeAOSBOTbeHH yTHi][aj na nopoTHtiRe; 

6., Ako 6fL can npeAceAaBajiaii cyAHJa y nopoTHOM cyAy 
6eo ]iHiiLi>eB»a ab, cy nopoTHHiiH o^bbhaho norpeniHo cyAH^H ; h 

B., Ako 6e caM cyAHJa nopoiy neBepHo pyKOBOAHo. 

H TO npaBHO cpeACXBO peAOBHO ce Morjio ynoxpe^HTH 
caHO BaA ($H oiiTyseHHB ($ho orjiameH 8a spHBa, a He h RaA 
($H 6eo ocjio6o^eR. A caHO aso 6h ce mofjio AORaaaTH, a^ 
je oniyseHHR na jiasan h^h npoxHBsaROHH Ha?HH yiHiiao 

Ha CBBAORe ViAll nOpOTHHBe, Ha npHJlHRy nOAMHhHBaO HXy 

Morjio ce TO cpeACTBO AonycTHTH U oHAa RaA 6h onxyate- 
HHB 6ho ocjiotfo^en (*). 

4., ^BTBpTO H HaJHOBBJe HpaBHO CpeACTBO OpOTHB HO- 

poTCEHX npecyAa, to je anejioBaH>e na bhhih cyA* 7 
TO HHe saBeAen je y Enr^ecRoj 1848 roAHne napo^HTH ane- 
AtLHEOEVL ejAy ROJH je HaA^esaH Aa pemana CTBap no thm 
anejiaTaMa, h rojh ce sobc „ court of appeal.* Taj cyA HMa 
neT ^anoBa. — Oh pemana caHO npaBHa HHTa&a npeMa 
yTBp^eHHM •aRTHMa OA CTpane nopoTe. O^h^ho pacnpany Tor 
npaBHor HHTa^a hshoch npeA Taj ane;iauH0HH cyA caM npeA- 
ceAHHR nopoTHor cyAa, RaA ($h najiasHO, Aa je to noTpe^HO. 
ycJbeA npeACTaBRe Tor npeAceAHHRa, ane;iaii0OHH cyA OApe- 
^yje jaBHy ceAHHiiy 8a pacnpany Tor npaBHor HHTafta, y Rojoj 



(*) Biener, Hcxa kh>. cxp. 200 h 202 Muhry Hera kh,. II 
Aeo, cxp. 547. Mi ttermaier. Hcxa kh>. ex. 523, 530 h 540. 



EHFwlECKA, <»PAHUyCKA U CPDCKA nOPOTA 45- 

cac^iymaBa aABOsaxe o6ojhx CTpana, na OHAa aohogh CBOJy 

5«, Kao niTO ce Horjio npHHOTHTB b3 OHora, mio ji,(y 
ca^ roBopHCMO o npaBHHH cpeACTBHMa npoxHB esrjiecRHX 
nopoTHHx npecjAa, mh h6 cnoMenycMO, AaHocy^eHHBH^H 
H»eroB 6paHH;iai][ HMajy npaBa, a^ ce caHocTa^HO 
nucjiyse thh npaBHHH cpeACTBflHa. 

To GMo ypaAHAH c lora, mio ce CBa npaBHa cpeACiBa 
KOA Enr^esa Mory ynoipe^HTH caMO OHAa, KaA 6h h npeA- 
ceAHHK nopoTHor cyAa najiasHO, Aa hx xpetfa ynoipe^HTH (*). 
Oco6HHa enr^iecKor nopoinor cy^eaa y TOMe je, a* ce npaBHa 
cpeACTBa npoTHB nopoTHHx npecyAa Mory ynoxpe^HTH caMo 
no naxo^e&y cane AP^anne B^iacTH, haul hoao- 
3B0^H cyACKoj. Bea Tora ocy^eHHB Heiia npana, a^ ce^ 
caM0CTa;iH0 noMyssH Ma kojhh cpeACXBOH sa o($apa&e ocyAe. 

Hy npaBTHKa je to y Enr^ieaa aawaAH^a, jep cyA pe- 
AOBHO Aonymxa ynoTpe6y npaBHHX cpeACTana. 

Mnm/befta npaBHHEa y Enr^ecsoj a^bro cy noAB^ena 
TOMe : Aft AK ($H ocy^enoM Tpe6a^o AaTH npaso caMOCTa^me 
3SiBji6e npoTHB nopoTCKe npecyAe ; viAHL je 6o7be ocTaBHTH to 
caHoj AP^ftBHOJ B^acTH Aa oea to npeAysHva, BaA na^e sa 
nyTHO, Rao h Aa AonymTa npaano a^JCTBo no noAHecenoj 
saji6H OA CTpane onTyaieHHEa? 

Ohh, ROJH ce Espasanajy n p o t h b Tor npaBa sa ocy- 
^ ^eHHse Rao naJBasnnJH pastor sa CBOje MHniJi»eH>e naBOAe to, 
nrro cnpoMax ocy^enHR ne 6u HMao a^ n^aTH 6paHH0iia h hs- 
ApsH ocTa;ie TpomROBe ycjiOA »a^($e, to TaRO 6H ce caMO 
CoraTamn mop^h, Be^ie, RopncTOBaTH thm npaBOM. A oneT 
RaA 6h ce cHpoMamnHMa 6ecn;iaTH0 h no SBann^noj Ay^HO- 
CTH AftBao 6paHEJiait na BHraeM cyAy, OHAa 6h ce, Bejie, ro- 

(*) Biener, II Aeo, cxp. 203 Mittermaier, ncxa kh.. cxp. 
526, 535 H 542. 

(*) Biener. kh,. II, cxp. 205. 



46 EHraECKA, 4»PAHUyCKA H CPnOKA HOPOTA 

TOBO CBERH OHTyseHHR SaJlHO, 16 Ha THJ HE^HH AQAO CEMO 

pasB^aqn^io. CeM Tora Chjio ^h, Be^e, Bp;io crporo npHBaTHor 
TysHoi][a, ROJH je npeA nopoTOH Beb AOBasao cBojy xystfy, 
noBOAOM sa<A66 ynpaB fohhth as, Ha hobo npoA Be&HM cyAOM 
Ty2^6y AOBasyje, h hob6 TpomsoBe aa HSApsaBa. Hxa jom h 
ApyrHX pas^ora, bojhm ohh ((pane to cBoje HHmjbe&e; ey 
TO cy HEJBasHHJH; sa to cavo rhx h naBOAHMO (^). 

ApyrH Ha npoTHB HHMe, a^ J6 HenpaBO, hito ce ho 
AonyniTa h caHOM ocy^eHHBy Aa caM0CTa<AH0 ynoTpe($H npaBHO 
epeACTBO npoTHB nopoTne npecyAe(*). 

Mh jom H pasyiieiio, aa ^^h ce hovao AORasHBaTH h 
((paHHTHy AH je 8a eHMecRe oeoOHHe h npn^iHRe nyrHO, mxo 
ocy^OHHR HeHa npano caMocia^ne saji($e npoTHB nopoTHHX 
npecyAa. Ajih CBanaRO Ta enr^iecRa oeo(}HHa ne ($h ce cvejia 
npenopy^HTH nao neniTo AO($po y onmTe. HsBecHO ce BHme 
OAroBapa npaBAH, rba je ocy^OHHRy a^to npano, a^ ce h 
caM Moa^e a^a^iHTH RaRBOH BeheM cyAy npoTHB npecyAO, Hero 
RaA 6e TO H»eroBo npaBo sbbhch^o oa pasyHeBa&a h BOJte 
cane AP^^Bne B^iacTH. Ma ro^hro a^ ($h ce tom sa;i($oi 
CTBap OAyroBJiaqHJia, h Ma RaRBe TponiROBe a^ <^h Tpe6ajio 
c Tora H3Ap»aTH 86or cy^e^a npeA bcIihii cyAOM, — mh 
OHOT He AP»HM0 Aft <5h TO cMOJio (Jhth HofiyAa, Aft ce oh- 
TysoHHRy OAysMe npano 0A($paHe npoA boKhm h nocjieA^HM 
cyAOM ohao, FAe je y HHTa^y : Berona ?acT, c40($0Aa, itMaH>e, 

na MOSA& H SHBOT. 

II. y 0paHuycKoj. 

IIpoTHB npecyAO nopoTHor cyAa y ^panaycRoj Moae Aa 
ce ynoTpe^H caMo jeAHO cpoACTBO, a to je acaji^a Raca- 
UHOHOM cyAy. 



(*) Mittermaier, y HaeeAeHoj kh>h3h, cxp. 538. 
(*) Mittermaier, Hcra KHiHra, CTp. 539. 



EHT^ECKA, «PAHqyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 47 

$paHiiycRH RaeaiiHOHH cja hue xpH 0A6ii»efta, oa rojhx 
joAHO OAe^efte paAH hckj^j^ho RasneHe npeAMeie. 

3Kaji6a Racai][HOHOi cjaj nose ce BSJaBHTH caio y 

0BOM6 : 

a., 4.A je noBpe^ee RaRan tuopiia^iHH 3aR0H; h;ih 

6., Aa ocy^eae ulae npecjAa niiajy RaRBy cynriacTBeHy 
M&Hy; HJiH HajnoGJie 

B., Aa je MaiepHJa^AHn saRoe norpemno npHMeibeH. 

EacaiinoHH cyA HHJe HaA^esan a& ce ynycTH y oi^eHy 
caMBX oaRaxa ; oh h>hx Hopa a& ycBoJH OHaRo, RaRO hx je 
ROHciaHTOBa^a nopoTa, na npeiia loxe a^ oi^eHH: Aft ^h 
HMa noBpeAe RaRBor «opHAJiHor hjih laiepHJajiHor saROHa, 
H aRo ($H 6eao Tora a^ npecyAy yHHmTH, a HHa^u a^ j^ 
A ($ p H. 

IIpaBO aiaji(}e npoTHB nopoTHHX npecyAa HHajy: oniy- 
aceHHR H BeroB ((paHH^iaii, aPs^bhe h npiBaiaH xysHJiaii. 
Hy TO BHXOBO npaBO sa^6e pas^H^flo je. TaRo onTyse- 
HHR ce Mose Aft sajiH aRO je ocy^eH. A Ha npoTHB ApsftBHH 
TjsiJiLAfkn He M ose Aft ce Ha m t e t y onxyseHHRa sajiH, RaA 
6n OH 6ho oe;io6o^eH. J xaRBOH cjiy^ajy, ApsftBHH xysijiait 
Horao 6h Aft HsjaBH sa^6y caMo y HHxepecy Ao6por 
pasyiieBa&a saRona sa ($yAy^e cjiy^ajene. Hy 
TO He. nose Aft niROAH ohom onxyseHHRy, rojh 6e 6ho oao- 
6o^H, jep Racai^HOHH cyA ne Hoace CTBapn AftTH TaRaB npa- 
Baii) y Rome 6h oiiTyaReHHR hobhh cy^e&eM Horao 6hth or;ia- 
meH 3a RpHBa h ocy^en. JeAHHH c^iy^aj, y ROMe ce ApsftBHH 
ijsnnAdLH nose Aft sft^H Ha mxeTy oc;io6o^eH*or oniy- 
seHHRa Taj je : ano ($h onTyaieHHR ($ho oa«o6o^eH, hitu 6fl 
cyA Apsfto, Aft HeMa saRona rojh ($h OApe^HBao Raany sa 
ypa^eno Ae^o^ a Me^y thh 6e Tora saRona 6h;io. 

GsaRa saji6a npoTHB nopoTHHX npecyAa Mopa Aft ce 
H3JaBH sa Tpn AftHft*no caonniTeH»y npecyAe. 



48 EHT^ECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPOCKA nOPOTA 

EaA je 2ia;i6a HsjaBTbena; h na^ ce ania mmjbj sa- 
caaHOHOM cjAj, oHAa oBaj OApe^^yje jaBHj ceAHHay, y Kojoj 
pacnpaBA^a CTBap. Y Toj jaBHOJ coahhuh jeAan ?;iaH saca- 
ilHOHor cyAa peoepnine cxsap, a onTyseniR h^h bofob ($pa- 
HHJiaii, npHBaiHQ xysH^aii hae iberoB sacrynHHR h aps&bhh 
TyiRHJiail HMajy npaBo roBopa. IIo CBpmeTRy xora, sa- 
caaaoHH cyA npHcryna penieRy npeAMeTa. OAejteRe, Koje pe- 
maBa RasHeHe npeAMeie y omnTe, na h nopoTHe, jecx xpeiie 
OAOAefte KacaitHOHor cyAa. Y fteiiy, Kao n y ApyrflM ABaia 
OAe^beifcHMa KacaiiHonor cyAa, pemaBajy Hajmaae jeAa- 
HaecT qjiaHOBa RacaitHOHor cyAa. 3a nyooBasiHO peineH>e 
ipasH ce anco^yxHa BeKiiHa r;iacaqa. Aro Gh ro oa ^./la- 
HOBa OAcycxBOBao hjih 6ia (Jho cnpe^ee, oHAa ra aaiieftyje rojh 
qjian H3 Apyror OAejbeaa. KaA (Jh rjiacoBH 6hjih noAe&eHH 
xaRo, Aft HE jeAHO HHiiiJbefte ho 6h HMajio sa ce6e ancoJiyxHy 
BetHHy, — OHAa ce ysHMajy Aa npeAMex peine jom nex qjia- 
HOBa H3 Apyror OAe^be&a, peAOM no cxapemiiHCXBy, na oHAa 
pemaBa anco^yxna BeLHHa. 

EacaifHOHH cyA n;iH OA($ai^a sa^tfy h no xoHe OAO($paBa 
cyACRy npecyAy, h;ih je HHmxH. Y obom noc;ieAReM c^iyqajy, oh 
OApe^yje Apyra nopoxna cyA aa Aa^e HSBH^aRe h npecy^eae. 
BpeAHO je HanoMenyxH, Aa opaniiycRH RacaitnoHH cyA yB6R 
Mopa AaABA6 pa3;iore aa CBOJe pemeae, ($h^o Aa oao- 
6paBa, 6h;io Aa HRmxH OAiiyRy HHser cyAa. HaBecxn^Aaii, rojh 
peoepHHie cxBap, Ayatan je Aa Hannme paa^iore aa OA^yRy 
Raca^H0HO^ cyAa. CeM xora Ba»Ho je AOAaxH, Aa je Racaittr- 
OHH cyA y CBaROM c^iyqajy RaA hhuixh OA^yRy HH«er cyAa, 
Ayatan HJipeAHXH Aa ce H> e r B pemeRe neiaxaycyA- 
CRHM HOBHHaMa. To je Bp;io AO(}pa h RopHcna OApeA^Ja 
opanaycRor Raanenor nocxynRa, jep ce Ha xaj Ha^HH Haj6o.!»e 
0Ap«aBa jeAHaROCx y cy^efty ; a h rpa^HH Mory na xaj Ha- 
^EU HajjiaRHie caanaxn npanaij RacaiiHOHor cyAa, na npeiia 
xoMe H ynpaBJbaxH ce y cbojhm paAftana h npeAyaetHMa. 



EHr4ECKA, 4>PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA IIOPOTA 49 

To je, y rjiaBHHM noiesHMa, spyr pa^a y opaHAycROM 
sacaAHOHOM cy^y na e^yqaj noAHecene saji($e npoTiB nopoi- 
CKHx npecyAa('). 

III. y c p 6 N j N. 

^ojiasehH AA roBopHio o npaBHOM cpeACTBy npoTHB 
cpncRH? nopoTHHx npecyAa, MopaMo ce npe CBera sanHTaTH: 
KaKBo je npaBHO cpeACTBO y nac AonymreHo npoiHB laEBHX 
npecyAa hau pemeiba. 

Ham jtopoTHH saRon Aonymxa caxo mb,a6j naca- 
AHOHOii eyAy npoTHB icaRBe nopoiCRe npecyA6 ijih pe- 
mesa. A HHsasBO Apyro npaBHo cpeACTBo ho nose a^ ce 
ynoTpe($H npOTHB HamHX uopoTCRux npecyAa h;ih peme&a» 

Ty aKa^6y Mory a^ HsjaBe o6e crpane : RaRO ApsaBHH 
H npHBaxEH (ho OBaj caMo y rpa^aecROM A^-^y) xyatHjiau, 
xaRO H onxyseHHR h seroB ((paHH^aA. /l^psaBEH lysH^aii 
HO^e ly sBiM6y ab. H3JaBH ne caMo RaA 6h oniyseHHR 6no 
ocjio(}o^eH, AB,jiAe npoTHB H>era, Beii h y RopncT ae- 
roBy, aRO 6h naMSHo a& J6 cyA, Ha mxexy onxyseHHRa, na 
y ^eMy noBpeAHO saROH. Hy oh HOse aa HsjaBn sajitfy h 
RaA <$H onxyseHHR ($ho ocy^en, n na mxeTy H>eroBy, aRo 
(}h HajiasHO, A* <5h ra ipetfa^o no saROHy ocyAHiH — sa 
leaty RpHBHiiy, to jeci Aa je cyA norpeniHo y RBajiHOHRa- 
i\HJH oHTyse^a. Me^y xn y nac HeMa onor saRoncRor ua- 
pe^eiba, no Roue 6h ce ApsaBHH xysn^aii Horao (Rao oho 
y ^paHAysa) »ajiHXH caio y HHxepecy saRona, a ne h 
na mxexy onxysenHRa, aRO 6h oBora nopoxa oc^o6oAHJia. 

For sa noAHomaj aiaji6e panan je 3a otfe cxpane, a 
xo je A6cex A^na oa caonrnxene npecyAe hjih pemeaa no- 
potHor cyAa. 



(') O ceeiiy bhah He lie, Traite de Tinstruction Criminelle, k» 
AeBexa. CTpane: 357. 358, 361, 374. 385, 433,434 u 447. 

rjACHBK LXX. /« 



50 EHr-lECKA, ^PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 

KaA ce HsjaBH »aji6a npoTHB npecy^e nopoiHor cy^a; 
H^iH EBO 6n onTyseHHB 6ho ocy^eH Ha cHpT, oH^a h 6e3 
mskA6ey no caMoj SBaHH^noj Ay^HOCTH, nopoTHH cyA m^Jbe 
cBa aRTa KacaitnoHOM cyAy, h OBaj y cbomo RasHeeoM OAe^eiby 
pemaBa CTBap. 3aKOHoii HHJe pery^Hcano, Eoje OAeAeH>e Tpe6a 
Aa ce 6aBH RasHeHHM npeAMeiHiia y omnie, na h c nopoT- 
HHM. C Tora je npe^ to paAH^o ipele OAeAeae; a 6Hte 
8 — 10 roAHia RaRo RaaHeee npeAMeie y onmre, na n nopox- 
CRe, paAH n p B OAe^eae y RacaAHonoii cyAy. Y tom Raane- 
HOM 0Aeji>6H>y, Rao h y ApyrHi AsaHa rpa^aHORHi OAeJbeftHHa, 
peniaBajy ncT cyAHJa, h to no npocToj BehHHw r^acoBa. 

FaBNaTpajyhH npecyAe hjih pemefta nopoinnx cyAOBa, 
RacaitROHH cyA Aya^^n je nasHTH caMo na to: a^ nnje no- 
Bpe^ena RaRBa 0ApeA<$a oopMa;iHor h^b iiaTepHJa^iHor aa- 
ROHa. Hy OH HHJe Bjiacxan ynyniTaTM ce y pemaBaae nn- 
TaH>a: a^ ^^ih je Ae^o AORasano n^ine; na upoTUB 
ysHMajyhH ^aRTH^HO CTafte CTnapa onaRo, RaRO ra je no- 
poTHH cyA yTBpAHO^ RacaiiHOHH cyA caHO nasn na CTpory npn- 
Meny ^opHa^nor hjih HaTepHJajinor saROHa cnpaM Beb npe- 
snaTor CTa^a CTBapH. Ila na Cjiyqaj RaA 6h namao, a& je 
nopoTHH cyA noBpcAUO OApeA^y RaRBor oopMa^nor hjih Ma- 
TepHja;iHor BaRona, RacaiiHOHH cyA oHAa hhhitb nocTynaR h 
npecyAy nopoTHor cyAa, h npena noTpetfn, nape^yje hobo 
HSBH^fte, a y CBaROM c/iy^ajy Hspniiafte noBe npecyAe oa 
CTpane nopoTHor cyAa. 

Me^y THM aRo 6h RacaiiHOHH cyA namao, a^ y paAftH 
nopoTHor cyAa neiia nonpeAe hh oopMajinor hh MaxepHJa;!- 
Hor saRona, on OHAa OAotfpaBa npecyAy nopoTHor cyAa. 

y npBoj OA OBe ABe nocTaBRe, RacaniHOHH cyA AaJB 
pasjiore sa CBOJe pemette. 4,0R na npoTHB y ohom a«y- 
^ajy> ne Aaje HMRaRBe aace^ne paajiore, Bet npecyAy no- 
poTHor cyAa OAoCpana npocTO no ohhm pasjiosHiia, Roje je 
ynoTp<^6Ho nopoTHH cyA y toj cBojoj npecyAH. 



EHr-lECKA, <»PAHUyCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 51 

n aRo J6 HamnM onmTHH BasHeHHH noeiynBOM, roJh 
BasH H nopoTHHM cy^eftrMa, ycBojeno naqe^o ycMeHO- 
CTH, oneT Ham BacaitHOHH cyA cee npeAMexe y onniTe, na 
H nopoTCRO, pemana caMO no aRTiMa HHsser cyAa. 
IIpeA HaniHM RacaiiHOHMM cyAOM Heiiajy npaBo roBopa hh ap- 
saBHfl TysH^aa, nvi onxy^ReHiiR hjih H>eroB ($paHH^ai^. CaMO 
je Ha^ejio jaBHOCTi o^ysaHO h boa Hamer RacaAHonr cyAa, 
jep je GjIo6oaho CTpanaia, (na h unaqe CBaROMe) ao^h Aa 
cjiymajy m npHcycTByjy cy^eay RaBBor npeAMeta y Bacaiin- 
OHOM cyAy. 

Can TOB paAa y RacaDiHonoM cyAy onaRas je : joAan cy- 
AHJa h;iii A^JiOBol^a (eeRpeiap hjih nncap) mura, npecyAy h 
aBTa nopoTHor cyAa, a ocra^ Mymajy to qnTaae aRTa; na 
RaA ce TaRO npo^Hxa oho mio je Ba»H0 3a pemefte — oHAa 
npoAceAHHR H^H npeAceAana^iau cyAHJa nape^yje, xe ce cjiy- 
maoi^K yR^ione h3 ceAHiite, aRo nx je ($h^o, a cyAHJe 3a thm 
npiCTynajy caBeTOBasy h pemaBaay. CaBeiOBaae 6HBa t a j n o; 
a oA^ysa ce caonmiaBa jaBHo, aRo ($h to bo saxTSBao. Ty 
OA^yRy noTnncyjy cyAHJe. OA^iyBa Raca^ROHO'' cyAa Moate Aa 
6yAe ABOJaRa : mh Aa OAo6paBa h;ih HHmTa npecyAy nopox- 
nor cyAa, Rao mio cue h nanpcA neti noMeHyjiH. 

n Ham nopoTHFf 3aR0H OApe^yje c^h^ho ^paniiycROM, Aa 
RacaiiBOHH cyA Moace OApeAHXH Apyre cyAHJe h4H h Apyrn cyA, 
aRO 6e yHMfflTHO npecyAy nopoiHor cyAa, n aRO 6h Ha;ia3Ho, 
Aa je noTpetfno, Aa ce OApeAH Apyrn cyA- Ajih to je y Hac 
caHo Ha xapTHJH, a y npaRTHi^H to ce He Bpmn. Hana ($ap, 
3a cBe BpeHe name npaRTHRe y RacaiiiroHOM cyAy, a hh ao caA, 
HHJe no3HaT hh jeAan c;iy'!aj, Aa je nam Raca^HOHH cyA, hh- 
mTetn npecyAy nopoTHor cyAa, y jeAHO napeAHO, Aa hobo h3- 
BH^fte 6yAe npoA ApyrHM cyAfljaMa. A jom MaK>e 3Ha][0, 
Aa je RaA roA napeVeno b3 Racai^HOHor cyAa asl to ypaAH 
ApyrH noMecHH cyA, a ne onaj, rojh je nei cyAHO o tom 
npeAiexy. 

4* 



52 EHr4ECKA, «PAHayCK4 U CPnCKA nOPOTA 

THHe Hoseio ^a BaBpmHMO roBop o AOsasHHii cpoA- 
CTBBMa npoTBB DOpoTBHX npecjAa, H y jeAHO h a& npe^eio 
na DOCAeAftH OAe^aB obo pacnpaBe. 



n. Hobo oy^eae noojie nopoTHe npeoy^e. 

IlBTafte HOBOi cy^fty y BasHeBHi onTyseftHia y on- 
mxe, na B y nopoiBBN, Mose aa ce jaBH caio y obhm otf^Hi^HHa: 

A., EaA 6h oniyseBBR y panHjei cy^eay 6bo o c y ^ e h ; b 

B., KaA 6e onTysseBBR y toh paBBjeii cy^eH>y 6bo 
ociio6o^eB. 

TasBa noAeiia noinqe bs caie npnpoAe ciBapB, jep y 
CBasoM BasfleBOH npoAecy onTysenflB Mopa 6htb bjih ocy-^ 
^ea, b;ib ocAo6o^efl. GpeAH>er qera fl BOHa. 

G Tora ce npBjiBKOM roBopa o bobom cy^eB>y b Hopajy 
OAMax pacnpaBBTB OBa ABa ropB>a nBTaB>a. 

/l,paieliB ce lor npapoAflor Tosa cTBapB, b mb heiia 
OBAe uoRymaTB aa A^^mo noysAaBy pacnpany tbx nBTaB>a. 

A A^ 6b OBa pacnpaBa ($BJia bito je Moryiie pasyiiJbB- 
BBJa, MB bene B OBO upBo nBTaB>e pacTBopBTB Ba CBOje npB- 
poABe AMOBO, a TO cy: 

1., Tpa»6a BOBor cy^eB>a Ba niTeTy ocy^enor; b 

2., Tpaalia Tora y BopBCT BeroBy. 

To cy nHTaB>ay Boja OBAe se cieHO o6nbB, aBO xobeiia 
Aa Ban pacnpana OAroBapa npapoAflOM ciaay cxBapB, b y 
jeABO Aft je noTnyna. 

Mb ikcuo caA CBa xa nHxafta a^ pacnpanBHo no enrjie- 
CROH, ^paBiiiycBOM B cpncROH nopoTBOM saROsy. 

I. y EHTiieCKOJ. 

/l^psehB ce OBO sanpoA noiieByTe noAe^e, ib bene obao^ 

rOBOpBTB OBBH BCTBM pe\OM. 

TaKo: 



EHF^BCKA, ♦PAHUyCKA U CPnCKA HOPOTA 53 

A.y HOBOH cy^eftjy rea 6uK0 3aHeTOAejio 
Beii 6ho oey^eH h to: 

L, Ha DiTeTy ocy^eHHKa. 

Eao OQinTe Ha^e^o eHrjiecsor sasHeHor nocxynsa aasH: 
^a Ha m T e T y RasBor ocy^eHHRa peAOBHO ne Hose 6hth 
jiOBor cy^eH>a. 

Hy Ma ROMERO a* je nyiHO to na^ejio y onmie yan- 
HajytiHy onex oho HBJe 663 cbojbx HsyseiaRa. 

Enr^ecRH RasHeHH nocxynaR na npoxHB Aonymxa aa horo, 
ROJH 6h Beh 6ho ocy^BH sa jbaho RasftHBO a^-^o, nose no hobo 
40&H npcA cyA sa hcxo Ra»&HB0 a^-^o Hxocxesoii RBa- 
jiHOHRaiiBjoM Hero mxo je 6iim pannja xy»6a, na h ocyAa. 

Hy onex xaj HsyaexaR HHje HeorpanHqen.. To je ao- 
nymxeHO caMO y neROJiHRO. TaRO RaA ($h ro 6ho ocy^en 3a 
jeAftH o6jihr RaRBor RaaRHiHBor A6Jia, OHAa oh ne 6h Morao 
tfHXH na HOBO cy^en saApyrnxesH 064 hr RassHBor 
AeASL y HcxoM poAy. Hy caMO RaA (5h oh 6ho ocy^en 3a 
RasH»HB0 Ae40 jeAHor poA^^ na 6hc6 noc^e pemsjio a& 
AeJio HAe y Apyrn poA, OHAa je roa Enrjieaa AonymxeHa 
HOBa onxyatfa sa hcxo a^^o Rao RpHBHay Apyror poAa. 

Heiie 6hxh cyBHniHO aa to o6jacHnHO npHMepHMa. 

TaRO, y npBOj ^ocxaB^H, HHJe Aonymxeno OHora, rojh 
<$H 6ho ocy^en sa y^ncxBO 6 e s npeAyMHnijbaja, no hobo xy- 
shxh say^HcxBO ca npeAyiBHiTbajeHy jep cy xo cane pasHH 
o6;ihi][h joAHor Hcxor poAa, jOAHor RasHiHBor aqm 
y^HcxBa. 

AoR na npoxHB, y onoj Apyroj uocxaB^H, Morao 6h ro 
^a 6yAe ocy^en na npn^iHRy sa nesaROHj nonpoAy xy^e 
HMaoBHHe npoBaAHBafteM, na Aa AoitHHJe (JyAe no hobo cy^en 
JL sa Rpa^y hcxhm npoBaji>HBafteM HSBprneny, sa Rojy ce 
BHJe snajio npH;iHROM npnor cy^eaa. To je Aonymxeno c 
Tora, mxo nonpeAa xy^e HMaoFane h Rpa^a nncy jeAHor 
HCxor poAa. 



54 EHr.lECKA, 4»PAHayCKA H CPHCKA nOPOTA 

TaKBHH HsysehnMa o hobom cyt^H»y Ha mTexy ocy^e- 
HHKa enrjiecKO npaso xxe^io je a* nocTirrHe ABOje. 

IIpBO ce xie^io thmg a^ oqyaa ApyniTBeHH h ApsasHH 
HHxepec. EflrjieBH ce 6oje, Aa <5h KpHBaH, 6e8 lor Hsyaeta, 
Mor^iH Bpjio ^aKO H8($eraBaTH sacjiyseny Kasny. To 6b ce 
MOFJio AoroABTH Ha ABa na^HHa. Qah mro 6h ce c Tys6oM 
Horjio npeyxBTpoTH, aor ce joHi hb (}h casea^o noTnyno 
CTaH>e CTBapH, h^ao sasftHBo a^-^o. Hjih mio 6h TysHjiaii^ 
y cnopasyMy c onTyseHHROn, 6am naBJiam tj3b,6j hoa- 
Heo 3a Matby RpHBHay, xiejybH Tune Aa rojihro-tojibrq 
noMorne RpjiBay. A to je roa EHwesa Moryhe napowTo 
c Tora, mio je h>hxob RaaneHH nociynaR ycBOJHO y onmie 
cHCieHy npHBaiHor TysHomiBa y RaanenHH A^^RMa. Ila At^ 
He 6h, BJiH 86or jeAHor, hjih z6ot Apyror oa Ta ABa yspoRa 
ociajia o^eBHAHa noBpeAa ApaRaBHHX HHiepeca, — to Eh- 
rjiesH AonymTajy y TaRBHM c;iy?aJBHa hobo cy^eH>e h Ha 
HiTeTy ocy^eHHRa. 

To je npBH pesy^ixax OHor HsyseTRa o hobom cy^eay, 
Koie oBAe roBopHMO. 

A oneT Apyro, hito EHrjiesH xohe a^ flocTirny ohhm 
HsyseTROM to je : a^ 6h ce cnaRO Ra;RU>HBo a^jio y cbojmm 
paBHBH HOAHMRaiiHJaMa HJiH HenaMa Mor^o cnecTpano uo 

SaROHy OIjeHHTH H CyAHTH('). 

A;iH yneR EHrjiesH to hobo cy^eae AonyniTajy caiio RaA 
6h ce Hapo^HTUH npeTXOAHHH HSBH^ajeH Hani^io AOCTa seroh- 
CRHX pasjiora aa to, h npa tom RaA 6h „BejiHRa** nopoTa 
pemHJia Aa Hia xecTa hobom cy^eH>y. 

Hy Ma Ro;iHRo a^ <5h ce Ta cncTOMa HsyaeTRa o Aony- 
mTajy hobof cy^eaa na niTeTy ocy^eHHRa sa jeAHo hcto Ra- 
:rh>bbo A6J10 jom n Mor^ia 6paHHTH c rjieAHmTa enrJiecRor Ra- 



*) 3a CBe BHAH Biener, Oeschwornengericht, KH>Hra II, CTpana 
206 — 208. 



EliraECKA, <»PAHUyCKA H CPnCKA IIOPOTA 55 

3HeHor nocxynKa, onex ce xaKBH esysexmi He Mory (JpannxH 
c leopHJcKor MeAHfflTa y onmxe. J enr^iecBOM BasHeHoii iio- 
cxynK) upeoBJia^yje, nao mxo cmo noEasajin nanpej, CHCxeia 
npHBaxHor xysKomxBa. Tano, pe^oBHO, xys($y noKpehe 
H OAP»aBa RaRBO npHBaxHO Amnfi^ jep boa EnMesa eeMa 
ApataBHHX xysHJiaiia, rojh 6b y CBBHa aopoxcRHM Ras- 
H>uBHM AB^Hia 6em aj^hh aa roHe RpHBi^e. A c xaRBOi 
CHCxeHOM onxysHHmxBa HapaBHo a^ ce HOJRe a^chxh h npey- 
XHxpeHocx H AoroBop Ha mxexy ApymxBeHHx h AP^RaBHHX hh- 
xepeca. Ty je OHAa ca cbhm npHpoAHO AonycxHXH HsyaexaR, 
Aa ce HOBBH cy^eftCM noiipaBH h HdrjiaAB noBpeAa ap^abbbx 
HHxepeca, Roja 6h aacxajia npBOM ocyAOM, Ma 36or Rora oa OHa 
ABa yapoRa. 

AiiH y OHHH ApsaBaia, TAe je yBeAeaa cicxeHa ap^&b- 
Hor xysH^ianixBa, HHRaRo He 6e 6h^o onpaBAasa sa hobo 
ey^efte na mxexy ocy^eHHRa hh ca jeAHor oa ona ABa yapoRa, 
Roje Beb cnoieHycHo. Ty je Ap^ana y npBOM cy^e&y HiajSia 
saROHHxor sacxynHHRa cbojhx HHxepeca B npaBa, a ano bx 
OBaj HHJe xaAa Aocxa samxBXHO, xo He xpe6a aa mROAH ocy- 
^eHHRy, ROJB HHJe yspoR xoMe. 

Ha saBprnexRy HopaMo aoabxh a^^ eHoecRO RasaeHo 
npaBo Aonymxa uo neRaA hobo cyl^eH>e Ha mxexy oey^eHBRa 
II sa jeAflo Bcxo Ras&HBO a^jio, mxa BHme n y 
jeAHoi HCxoM o6jiHRy. To nose aa ^JA^ oBAa, RaA 6h 
xysuyiaA AORasao, a^ je ocy^eaHB CBeAORe xysHJia^Re cxpaHe 
neaaROHO 3aApaRao ah He 6yAy cac;iymaHH, h;ih 6h npenap- 
HHM cpeACXBHMa nocxHrao xe ra je nopoxa ocJio<JoAH;ia('). 

FasyMe ce, aa je xo ap^^bho npaBO Bpjio onacHo sa 
ocy^eHHRe ; sa xo ce y EnrjiecRoj Bpjio onpesHo y xoMe no- 
exyna. Bes MohHHX h o^hxhx AORasa o oHoj ^HesaROHHxo- 



v') Muhry, y peneHOj kh»h3h, II Aeo, cxp. 523 — 524. Mitter- 
maier y pe^eHoj kh>h3u crp. 532. 



^6 EHFwlECKA, «PAHqyCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 

CTH" H4H OHHM ^npeBapHHM*' cpeACTBHMa OAfipane, — Eh- 
rjiesH He HSBOAe ocy^eHHRa he hobo npeA nopoTy sa jbaho 

HCTO BaSH>HB0 A^^O. 

IL, Hobo cy^^eae y KopncT ocy^eHHKa. 

no CBOHe npaKTHqnoM BapaRiepy EHrjieai cy jom a&bho 
SHajiH, Aa ce Bpjio ^ecTO M0»e a^cmth Aa Heicora nopoia h 
HenpaBeAHo ocyAH. 

C Tora eHwecKO Kasfleno npaBo jom oa BaJKaAa Aony- 
niTa pasHa cpeACTBa, Aa 6h ce oiKJioHHJie nenpaBeAfle ocyAe. 

SaAaxaK oBor oaoaee y Hamoj pacnpaBH (}Bhe Aa no- 
KaKeio Ta cpeACTBa. 

To je: 

a., HajaBa npeAceAHHRoaa, Aa lie b^lbah yqaHHTn npeA- 
CTaBKy y EopHci onTy»eHHKOBy. 

HenpaBftAHe ocyAe y Ehmbckoj Haj^emte ce oiKJiaaajy 
iMMe, niTo iipeAceAHBK nopoiHor cyAa npeACxaBTba BJiaAH Aa 
Je RaKBa ocyAa HenpaaeAHa. y loj npeACTaBi\H npeAceAHHR 
yaeR hshoch yspoRe h ocHOBe, ROJBMa AORasyje, Aa je cy- 
l^efte HenpaaeAHO. EaA dphmh xaRay npeACiaaRy npeAceAHH- 
KOBy, BiiaAa aape^yje hsbb^j HaaeAeEHX yspoRa h ocHoaa, 
iia iipeMa casnaTOM ciaay cxaapn hjih ociaBAa npecyAy RaRO 
je Bspe^eHa, hm Rasny y6iiaHcyje, h;ih je Hajnoaae ca cbhh 
npamia, o6oje nyxeii RpaiteBCRor noHH^oBaH»a. 

To HCTO BJiaAa paAH* h OHAa, RaA 6h ce h can oniyse- 
HHR, 6e3 oHaRbe iipeAceAHHRoae iipeAcraBRe, o6paTHO B;ia- 
Aaoiiy aa noMH^oBaae. Hy h laAa B^aAa je Ay«Ha Aa npH- 
(iaBH HHHUbefte npeAceAHRROBO o lOJ mo;i6h, na leR noc^e 
Tora Aa pema o &oj. A ^ecTO ce to nHTaH>e hbhochjio ^an 
H npeA HaJBHHie cyAoae. To tfaaa OHAa, RaA (Jh BjiaAa ao- 
<5Hjia RaRBy Mo;i6eHHiiy (neTmajy) Aa 6h ce OTR^oHHAa ne- 
npaBOAHa ocyia, a Me^y thm npoAceAHHR iiopoTHor cyAa ho 
6n (}ho Tor nHmJbetta. BjiacT, Roja h y npaoM, h y ApyroM 
OA Ta ABa c;iyqaja, Aaje CBoje MHrnAeae : Aa m HHa lecTa 



EHMECKA, <»FAHIiyCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTA 57 

upHMeHH Tor cpeACTBa npoTHB HenpaBOAHe ocjAe, — jecT 
HaJBimH cyA y seiubH. Y npsoM ejiy^ajy caM npoAceAHHS no- 
poTHor cyAa hbhoch crsap cbojhm Bo^ieraHa ea peme&e, na 
OHAa ^HHH npocraBKy B^aAH, Kao nrro nanpeA peRocMO. A 
y OHOM ApyroM My^ajy BaBBO nexHi^HJe, b ;i a a a ce o6pa&a 
HaJBHineM cyAy sa H»6roBo MHmjbefte (*). 

6., J[o9hOAik xpaseHor hobof cy^eaa (new 
trial). 

To Home ocy^eHHs ipasHTH h8 BHme yapona: 

1., EaA 6h Morao ao BepoBaxHoLe AOKasaiH, a* j© 
nopoTHH^sa Hspesa upoTOBHa o^eBHAHOM cxafty cxBapn; 

2., EaA <$H KaBBO AOBasHO cpoAcxBO ($hjio AonymxeHO 
njiH OA^a^eHO, npoxHBRo jacHOi saBony. Hy xo ce, napaBHO, 
HHJe AonyniTa^o OHAa, BaA (Jff ce noBaaa^io, a^ h 6e3 Tora 
HMa Aocxa ocHOBa, a^ je onxyaeHHB npaBO ocy^ee; 

3., EaA 6n ce mofjio AOBaaaxH, aa cy nopoxBHaR npH 
pemaBa&y paAH^iA npoxHBHO saBoey. TaBO, ea npHJiHBy, BaA 
^m ce OBH nocJiysTHJiH EaBBHH HeAonymxeHHii cpeACXBOH, a^ 
6h AomAni AO 3aBAyqBa, ea npHHep BaA 6m yae^n, a^ hm 
BoilBa pemR, a^ jih je onxyaieHUB BpHB h.ih ae; 

4., EaA 6h xyaiB^aii na EaBBor nopoxHRBa yxnitao Ba- 
BBHM HeAOiiymxeHRM cpeACXBOi; 

6., EaA 6h ce npeAceAHMB nopoxHor cyAa npH RSBH^ajy 
neynyxBO noHamao; xaBO, na npn^iHBy, BaA 6h nopoxHRBe 
«Bojoi noyBOM saBeo sa CTpaHoyxiiuy ; 

6., EaA ((h onxyseHHB AOi^HHJe npH6aBH0 bjih casnao 
da BaBBe ROBe AOBase, Boje y npsoM cy^eH»y HRJe Horao 
ynoxpeCHXH; h Hajnoc^e 

7., Ocy^eHRB Mose xpasRXH robo cy^eae napo^Rxo 
OHAa, BaA 6r AOBasao, a^ cy uopoxHRi^R ReaaBOHO H3a(}paHR, 
h;ih nosBaHH; h4b Aa je ReaaBORO 6hjio cnpe^eRO npaso 



(^) 3a cue BH4n Mittcrmaier, y uaeeAeuoJ hhiHBb, CTp. 528. 



58 EHr^lECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA U CPDCKA HOPOTA 

OA^aqaja nopoTHHna; hjih eajuocjie ab, cy ee nopoTHiiiH npn 
cy^eH>y HesaROHo noHamajiH^ na npH^HRy caciajajii ce c Rme 
H^in RyA HmjiH sa Bpeiie HSBH^fta a cyl^e&a. 

To cy ocHOBH, no ROJHMa ocy^OHiR voace ipa^RHTH 
HOBO i-.y^eae y cBojy RopHci. 

y CBHMa THM cjiyqaJHMa ?hhh ce uajnpe H3BH^a&6 o 
THM yapoAHMa HOBor cy^eH>a, na tor RaA 6h ce in nyieii 
Hamjio, AS. 0Ma Aocra paa^ora, Aa ce AonycM hobo cyl^fte^ 
OHAa ce TO n Aonynna. toh Tpase^y pemaBa cyA^ ^ea 
nopoTHHRa. 

AOuymTajeM HOBor cy^e^a ciaap ce Bpaha y npao- 
611TH0 CTaiLe, npeAysHMa ce hobo B8BH^H>e, a napo^HTO ($BBa 
HOB npexpec, h HspH^e ce HOBa npecyAa oa CTpane nopoTHiRa 
H cyAa. npH BspHaafty to hobo npecyAe hh HaJMaae Heiia 
yxHi^aja npe^aiDH>a npecyAa; nopoTHHUB cy y hobom cy^efty 

HOXnyHO He3aBBCHH(*). 

To xpaaeae HOBor cy^e^a y Ropncx ocy^eHHRa^ 
ROA EnrjieBd je Bpiio BasHo napo^Hxo c xora, mxo ce no 
enrjiecROH RaaHeflOH npany, ne caiio ry6H HMase, Beh h Rao 
mxo EnrjiesH Bejie, ^RpB RBapi* (corruption of blood), xo 
jecx c xaRBOM ocyAOM Hacxaje rytfaxaR upaaa, Roja cy y Eb- 
r;iecROJ y ae^HRoj HepH Besana ca ^daaropoACXBOH'' h no- 

CeAHHfflXBOM C). 

G nor;ieAOH na xaRo aejiHRH RHa^aj neRHX ocyAa, xbh 
cpeACXBOM HOBor cy^eH>a ap^o ce ^ecxo cjiyse oaMHjiHJe ohbx 
ycy^eHBRa, rojh 6h dB^in CHphy RaatftOHB, xe Aa 6ap ce^H ca- 
^yaajy HMafte, neoRa^bano HMe h npaaa c xnne Besana. 

B., npHMena writ of error. 

To je Aonymxaj hobop cy^eaa sdor RaRae oqeaHAHe 
norpeniRe y panHJeii cy^eay. 



(') Mittermaier Engl -schottisches crp. 523 — 533. 
(*) Muhry, y peneHOj KiboaH Aejy II, crp. 536 — 537. 



EHraEOKA, ♦PAHqyOKA H CPaCKA nOPOTA ^9 

To cpeACTBO Aonymxa ce caio OBAa, rba 6h ce norpemRa 
yBH^ajia is caxHX paenJEX anaTa, a ae H na ochobj ^era 
Apyror. A com Tora oho ce KO»e Aara i OHAe, tab 6h ko 
6uo ocy^H Ha Rasny, aojy saROH h He OApe^yje. 

noerynaR o AOuymTajy Tor cpeACTBa sa OTRjiofteH»6 ae- 
npaaeAHHx ocyAa y EHMecROJ Ma;io je ^AHoaaT. J najcra- 
pHJe AO($a H046a 8a to ^ecro je noAHomena ropfteii Aoxy, 
H OH je AOSBOJiy AftBao Rao neRy cBojy hhjioct, npeii ,\h 
je AOi^HHJe npHSHaTO, Aa je to Bsme npaBo ocy^eHHROBO. 
PopftH AOM, HHajyLH TaRBy %oa6j npeA co6oh, Hopao je o 
TOHe cac4ymaTH lEm^beH^e qjianoBa naJBHrner cyAa, aao h 
r;iaBHOT ap^RABHof TysHOua. SiTa BHme cyAHJe cy AO^aai^e 
H y can ropftH aom jih^ho, to Ty ycMOHO 6paHH4e CBOje mh- 
mjbefte. Hy odot cy ^anoBH rop&er AOMa 6hjih cJiodoAHH 
H AA H6 ycBoje ]iHHLi»efte thx cyAHJa. Aro 6h ropH>H aom 
AonycTHo hobo cy^eae stfor writ of error, OHAa HaJBHHiH cyA 
yHHHiTaBa npecyAy h nape^^yje hobo cy^eae. 

To je, y rjiaBHOM, tor obop cpeAcraa sa oTRjioibeH>e 
HenpaBeAHRX ocyAa. 

Thh cpeACTBOH nose ce noc^y»HTH hc caio ocyt^oHHR, 
Beh H H»eroBH HaafleAHHi^H, HSBpmuouH TecraHeHTa, aao h 
CBH OHH, RojH HMajy RaRBa HHTepeca sa yHnniTaj pannje ocyAe 
Rao Ha DpH4HRy Aft ((h caqyaa^H ROHMCRaiiHJy nxa&a, Roja 
y Ear^iecRoj BAe ynopeAO c ocyAOM na HSBecne Rasae (*). 

YnoTpetfa top cpeAcraa apAOJe orpaHH^ena. 3a ayje 
yaea noTpe6Ho Rpaj»eBCRo oAo6peH»e h aanoaecT (fiat) oa 
cxpane r;iaBHor ap^abhof TysHOi^a, jep 6es Tora ce Tpaai6a 
I He ysraa y nocTynaR. /I,or Het^y thm y ocTajiHx RasH>R- 
BHM A^JiHxa ApsaBHH TysHAau Ays&H je A& He npeqe yiio- 
Tpe6y Tor cpeACTBa(*). 



(*) Blerier, kh,. II orp. 200. 

(*) Mittermaier, y pe^eeoj kh>h3h, cxp. 533 — 535. 



60 EHPwIECKA, ♦PAJmVCKA H CPHCKA HOPOTa 

/i,a je xa yoranoBa, writ of error, raRBa RaRBa je roa 
Enrjieaa, HeniTO necaBpmeHO, to je je^Ba noxpe^HO h nano- 
MenyTH. Ilpe CBera xana je xe ycxaHOBe y xoMe, mxo yno- 
xpefia xor cpeACXBa saBHCH oa ApsasHe B^acxH, Roja yno- 
xpe6y xor cpeACxaa ^ecxo HHJe Aonymxa^ia h npH o^hxhh 
HenpaBAaHa, Rao mxo je 6hjio c xpaseibeM «aKHJiHJe ney- 
nyxBO CMpby Ra;RH>eHor ^ecypRa('). A gbh xora p^aBO je 
y i&oj H OHO, mxo o xoj ao3B04h pemaBa ropB>n aox, Rao 
no4HXH^HO xe40, xe ce xhh da^HHOH Bpe^ HaJBa»HHJe 
Haqejio xoAepne AP^&Be, no Roxe nojinxH^Hy B^acx xpe6a 
OABOJHXH OA cyACRe. 

6., Hobo cy^efte, RaA ($h ro 6ho oc4o6o^eH 
panHJOM npecyAOH. 

Jom y cpeAH>eM BeRy 6h^o je koa Enrjieda naqejio: 
Aa ce HERO He cxe ABanyx H34araxH onacHocxHHa npoi^eca 
86or joAHor Hcxor RasH»HBor Ae^a. 

Hy H aKo je xo na^ejio h jacHo n nyxHo, onex je roa 
EnrAOsa 6h;io h nsysexRa oa xor npaBH^a. 

TaRo je H OBAO Aonymxeno hobo ey^efte c npoMOHOx 
RBajiH^HRai^HJe Ae^a OHaRo na npHABRy Rao mxo cmo xo no- 
RaaaAH HanpeA Roa hobof cy^eH>a na mxexy ocy^eHHRa. 

A HapoMxo je AonymxeHo hobo cy^^eae, aRo je npe- 
^amH»a onxys6a 6uAa 86or 3A0^HHa, a BOBa caHO 36or 
npecxyna, hah h o6pHyxo. 

Hcxo xaRO xo ce Aonymxa h OHAa RaA je ro npe^e 6ho 
onxysen Rao cayqecHHR, a AOAHHJe Rao r^aBHH RpH- 
Bai^, fljiH o6pHyxo. 

HBxaH>e: a^ ah BHa xecxa hobom cy^eH»y 36or H3Me- 
H»OHe RBaAHMRai^HJe jOAHor Hcxor RaacftHBor AOJia, npHnaAa 
nopoxH, a He ApsaBHHH cjAHJ&Ma. Ilopoxa o xoho pemana 
no RpaxRoj HCxpa3H, a ne caMO ^Hxafteu paHHJHX aRaxa. 



(*) Leiner, kh>. II, cxp. 215. 



EHPwlECKA, ♦PAHUVCKA H CPDCKA nOPOTA 6t 

npH pemaBafty xor nnxaiba nopoia xose a& oaaj^sl 
ABoje : 

a., H^H A& peniK Aft Hia Hecia hobox cy^esy; nL.m 

6.y Aft Hexa. 

y npBoi Myqajy nopoxcKa OA^yKa rjiacn: „Aft te on- 
ly aeHHK CBOjy ^aiby OA^pany AftTH npeA HaA-ie»HHM nopoi- 
HHM cyAOx.'' n OHAft ce paAH y ocxajiOM sao Aft h HHJe 6eao 
npe^amiber cy^eiba. 

A aso 6h OA^ysa r^iacH^a, Aft neiia xecxa hobom cy- 
^esy HH y HSxeibeHOJ RBajiH<»HsaiiHJH he y onmxe npeiia 
ciaifcy CTBapH, — oHAa je xa OA^yRa OAxax HSBpmea xaKO^ 
Aa je nocJie onxy»6HHR caBpmeHO cnoROjai Aft He Mose 6hxh 
Apyre onxys6e 3a xo Ae^o, na xa xo 6eao n noA KasBox 
npoxefteHOx RBajiHoasaiiHJox A^-^ft* 

y ocxa40x H y caxoj EHXJiecROJ Bp^o cy h y onmxe 
noAeiBena npaBHxqRa XHmj!>eH>a o xoxe: Aft •ah 6h xp66a;ia 
AonycxHXH hobo cy^eu»e aa jeAHO hcxo Rasi&HBo AeAo caxo 
c opoxenox RBajixoHRai^nje. JeAHH Apse Aft <^h xo xpe6a;La 
AonycxHXH ; a Apyrn onex tfpane oho cxapo Haqe^o : Aft hhro 
He xoae 6hxh ABft nyx cyl^en aa jeAHO hcto Ae^o(*). 

IIoxHfflAajyliH Ha xo, Aft y enrjiecKox Raanenox nocxynRy 
Hxa npeBary CHcxexa npHBaxHor, a ne AP«aBHor xy- 
sHJiarnxBa, xosAft <$h ce, c r;ieAHmxa ?hcxo eHr;iecRor npana, 
jom H xorjio 6paHHxii oho npBO XHmikeH>e. Jep npHBaxHH 
xysHJiaA Rao neyR npany h aaRony, xose Bpjio JiaRO h Aft 
norpemH y RBajiH^HRai^HJH, h xaA Aft (^ftin xa seroBa no- 
rpeniRa 6yAe yapoR nopoxEH^Rox oMotfo^efty onxyatenxRa. 
Aajh naqe^HO yaHxajyLn, aa itejio je npaBXJiHHJe ono Apyro 
xmojbeibe; oho AftJB onxyaeHHRy Aocxa rapanxHJe, Aft ne 



{}) O CBeuy AOcaAamibeif buah: Biener, kh>. II crp. 206 Mit- 
termaier, peqena KH>Hra, cxp. 347 — 350 Muhry, HaeeAeHa KH>Hra 
ACO II, cxp, 472 — 476. 



62 EHT-IECKA, ^PAHqyCKA H CPHCKA OOPOTA 

Mosce, noA pasHHH o^AHURMa SBaJiHOHRaAifje, 6hth roften, a& 
36or jeAHor HeTor abae Tpna BHiney Hero mio ((h Tpe6ajio 
no crpor^M noJMOBUMa npaBAe. 

II. y OpaHuycKOj. 

H OBAe liexo roBopHTH o hobom cyt^eftj onex y onaRBHM 
CAy^aJHia, Kao ihto hx noMenycMo nanpeA koa EHr^eaa. IIot- 
nyHOCTH paAH MopaMO aoahth a* fee obab 6hth roBop o Ka- 
SHenoM HOBOM cybefty y onnne, a ne cano npn nopoTCRHi 
cy^eftHia ; to ^hhhmo c Tora, mio je HHaqe leniKO oabojhth 
OApeAtJe ©paHitycEor KaaHenor npaBa o obom npoAieTy. 

ApaieliH ce xe noAejie roBopHteMO 

A. HOBOM cy^eay Ha c^yqaj, Aa je ko aa 
HCTO AeAo Bet (}ho ocyi^en, h to: 

I. Ha fflTeiy ocy^^eHHsa, 

OpaniiycKH KasHeHH nocxynaK Bpjio je mxeAAHB y Aa- 
BaH>y HOBor cy^e^a y xerbbm o/iy^aJHia. 

Koa OpaHiiyaa BasH Rao onmx6 naqejio : a& paHHJa ocyAa 
3a RaRBO RaatftHBO a^-^o HCRJbyqyje CBaRy Morytnocx, a* 6h 
ce ocyi^enHRy moxjio no hobo cyAMXH 3a hcxo a^ao, h to y 
o6jiHRy xeace RBajiH^HRai^HJe. Opani^ycRH RasHOHH uocxynaR 
ca CBHM OAceqHo ne AonyniTa hobo cy^eae na niTOTy ocy- 
ijOHHRa 3a jeAHO hcto a^ao, TaRO na npHAHRy rea 6e ro 
((no ocyl^en aa HexaTHO ydncTBo, He Mose na hobo 6hth 
TyseH sanaiepHO y6BCTBo; hah rea 6h ro ((ho ocy^en sa 
noBpeAy Te^a, ne Mose 6hth naRHaAHO Ty»eH3ay6H- 
CTBO, CBe 86or jeAHor hctof A6Aa. Hah RaA (Jh cyA HORora 
ocyAHO Ha Matty Ra3Hy c Tora, hito 6h nponycTHO Aa My ypa- 
qyna HOBpaT, ne 6h ce MorAa, HaRHaAHHM cy^eaeM, Aa hc- 
npaBA>a Ta oManma. 

OpanitysH y upHMeHH Tor na^eAa HAy TaRO AaAORO, Aa 
AonymTajy ocy^eHHRy npano, Aa 0A(5Hje hobo cy^H>e y cbero 



EHTAECKA, ♦PAHUVCRA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 63 

Aotfa npoiieca, na ^fiK h cjahjh cxaBAajy Kao SBaHH^Hy Aja- 
HOCT Aa He AonycTH trkbo hobo cyl^ette, (Jam Aa ce ocy^enHK 
H He 6h can kophctho sasoHCROM 0ApeA<^0M o TOMe. IIpaR- 
THRa 4^paH]^cRa HMa y Toie h xaRBHx npHiiepa. 

niTa BHme to hcto naqejio OpaHitysH ciporo npHMe- 
H>yjy H OHAa, RaA 6J^ ro aa hcto ao^io Bcti ((ho ocyl^en 
h oa RaRBor cyAa Apyre RaieropHJe hah Bpcre. TaRo 
RaA 6h ^no;iHitHCRH cyA* Rora ocyAHO Rao aa Hciyn; hah 
^nonpaBHH*' cyA Rao aa iipeciyn, OHAa ne 6h 6mao AonymieHO 
aa HCTO RasH>HBo A^Ao ocy^eHHKa upeAaBaTH jom h nopoT- 
Hoi cyAy c TeatOM onTy»6ox aa 3Ao^hh('), 

C TAeAHHiTa ^hcto onTyaiHe opanitycRe CHCieMe y Ra- 
aHeHHM A^ARHa, TaRaB npaBaq opanuycRor RaaneHor nocTynRa 
HapaBHO Aft ce Mopa OAo6pHTH. Jep no toj onTyatnoj ch- 
CTeHH, ApaftBHH TyaiHAaii yBOR A^j^ HaAOF, RaRO be ce RBa*- 

AH^HROBaTH RaRBO RaSftHBO A^AO, H HO TOMe, ROMO CyAy 

Tpe6a npeAaTH Ty»6y. Ha RaA je npBaoifta ocyAa noieRAa 
no Tpaatefty cdMe AP^aBHe BAacTH, OHAa 6h, paayie ce, 6h.io 
HenpaBo, rba 6h ce ApsaBHOj BAacTH AonynrraAO, Ast caxa 
CBOJy npBamH>y Tys6y, nocAe one Cmsrq ocyAe, Mesa na 
mTeTy ocyl^OHHRa. 

Hy Aft ce TO naqoAo ne cmo ca cbhm npniieHBTH h y 
OHHM AP^RanaMa, y ROJHHa nexa ApsftBHHX TysHAaqa jom 
y noqeTRy naBwl^afta h TyaK6e atfor RaRBor Ra»H>H- 
Bor AMa, — TO teio noRyoiaTH Aa AORa»eMo, RaA OyAeno 
OBOM npeAieTy roBopHAH npeia OApoA^aia Bamer Ra- 
anenor nocTynRa. 

A aa caA Aa npe^OMo na AaA»H roBop o OBOxe no «paH- 
iiycROK RaaneHOH nocTynRy. 



(*) O oBOMy BMAH Helle, Traits de T instruction criminelle, Aeo 
III. CTp. 536 — 539. 



64 BHraECKA, ♦PAHqyCKA H CPnCKA nOPOTA 

11. Hobo cy^^eae y KopHCT ocy^^eHHica. 

Eao fflTO je c joAHe cipaHO niTeAAHB y AftBaay HOBor 
cy^efta Ha mieTy ocy^eHHsa, xaso je hcto c Apyre cxpane 
•panqycKH KasHeHH nociynaK HSAaman y tomo Ha sopHcr 
ocyt^eHHRa, caMO saA HMa pasjiora sa to. 

Jom p H H c R npaBO AonymTajio je hobo cy^efte y no* 
pHCT KaKBor ocy^eHHBa. Caio hito cy FHi^baHH to Aony- 
mrajiH jeAHHo y nyry M0Ji6e na i^apa (Supplicandi litentiam^ 
AonymTOfte ycjbeA noHHSHe H0ji6e). 

Any CTapoH ^pani^ycBox npany, npe caAafter Basne- 
Hor nocTynsa, AonymTa;io ce TasBO hobo cy^e&e y BopB€r 
BaKBor ocy^OHHRa. 

Me^y THM AOi^HHJe saKonoAaBCTBo «paHiiycEo hoa yTH- 
aajei npBO peBO^iyijHje, yRHHy.io je ro cpoACTBO hobot cy^eaa 
y KopHCT KaKBor ocy^eHHBa. Eao pas.ior sa to, naBOAHJio 
ce TO, A^ ce TaRBo hobo cyt^oH^e ne Mase ca cyBepeHHTOTOK 
nopoTO H ftene OA-ayRe. 

TaRO je TO Tpajajio ao roAHHO 1793 aor hhjo tfajio ao- 
Rasano, a& je y jeAHOM RasHOHOx nponecy qoBOR 6ho ocyl^en 
na cMpTHy Raany caBpmeno hobbho. To 6jAe hoboaoh to ee 
(15 Maja 1793) ohot ysaROHH, a& ce nose AonycTiTH hobo 
cy^efte y Ropncr RaRBor 6eAHftRa, Rora ((h nopoTa pannje 
HOBBHO ocyAHJia. 

A TO ca CBHX nyTHO naqejio ymjio je iioc^e h y Baa* 
HOHH HOCTynaR, RoJH H A&'Hac BasH y OpaHaycROJ (*)• 

(CBPmH'RE ce). 



-•H^ 



(') Helie, Traite de T instruction criminelle, Kibura IX, OTpana. 
515 — 517. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPA/bEBMHM CPBMJM 

3i 1877-78. H 1878-79. iiikojickt roflHHV. 

CA ABE rPA«HqHE TABJIHI^E 



y ^HpocBeTHOM r^acHHRy** 3a 1881. roAHHy(*) 
BBJioseHo je „GTaH>e jaBie HacxaBO y spajLeBHHH 
CptfHJH 3a 1875 — 76. niKOJicKy roAHiy*, e npeia 
Toie Tpe6a;io 6h caA hs^ioshth to cxaae 3a 1876 — 77. ro- 
AHHy. Me^y thm obb iDKO^cse roAHne nnje y uponHCHO BpoMe 
HH oTfloqei paA y mKOJiaMa 36or para, kojh je BOAHJia Cp- 
6BJa c TypcKOM. DlKOJiCBe 3rpaAe Mopa^e cy xaAa nocjiy- 
SHXH ApyrHM noTpe6aMa, Kao mxo cy h HacxaBHHQH 6h.ah say- 
3exH ApyroM Ay^Homty. 

TeK fflxo je saKAy^en Hup c TypcKOM, h nomxo je Be- 
tHBa mKOJicKHx srpaAa 3a ocHOBHe H cpeAfte mEOJie aobc- 
Aeia y xanaB peA, Aa cy y H>HMa Mor^a oxno^exH npeAa- 
Baaa, H3Aao je MHHHciap npocBexe h ijpKBeBHX noc^OBa 22. 
Mapxa 1877. roAHHe (Bp. 828) OBy HapeA^y: 

9I. A^ ce y cBHMa ochobhhm h cpeAH>HM mEo^aMa ox- 
no qny npeAaBafta 10. AnpHJia, x. j. Aa Tora Aana cbh yqe- 
HHiiH ca CBOJHM HacxaBHHiiHHa 6yAy y iiprbh na npH3HBaH>y 
Cb. Ayxa, a cyxpaAan, 11. a* ce oxnoqHy npeAHBaBa. 



(') BiMH IlpocBeTHH raacHHK. fo^uua II. cTp. 299; h 
GTaTHCTHHKe 6e,ieinKe II. cxp. 29—133. 

r4ACHBK LXX 5 



^6 CTAIfcE JABHB HACTABB 7 KPA^BBHHH CPfiHJii 

2. YqeHHUH ocHOBHux iDKO^a AO^aae CBaRH y CBOj pas- 

pOAy KOJH CJ 7U4H 4aH>CR6 TOAHHe, ff AO Bpaja 0B6 lUEOJl- 

CR6 roAHie noBTopaBaLe cbo mio cy paHHJe y^H4H, le Taso 
cnpeMHTH ce sa npe^aaan y crapnJH paapeA. 

3. YqeHHAH cpeAH>HX niKOJia CTynnbe xasol^e caasH y 
CBoj paspeA, ROJH ey y^HjiH ;iaB>CR6 roAHne, h ohh lie ao 
nexpoBa Aana noHOBHTH yqe^e. 

4. Aro 6h ce AecHAO Aft Roja mROJiCRa srpaAa He 6jAe 
AO 10. Anpfljia roiOBa, oHAa Le ce y laRBHM mROJiaxa no- 
qeTH yqefte ^hm ce srpaAa onpaai. 7 mROJiaxa naR tab 
cy 6iiAe CMemieHe tioAHHi^e, noqebe ce npeAaaafta qooito oa- 
pe^ena cxpyqea ROMHCHJa nporjiacH, a& cy, no nponncy, 
o^HmLeie. 

5. y y^HxeACBoj iDROJiH H Boroc^iOBHJH oete no^exH 
iipeAaBaB>a ao Hose fflROJiCRe roAHne, c xora, mxo y obhx 
saaoAHia yqeHHi^H HMajy sajoAHH^RH cxai H xpaay, a xo 
HSHCRyje Bety cnpeiy, Rojy HHJe Morytno h3bpimxh 86or 
RpaxRocxH BpeMeia h cxaB>a y rom ce sei^ba HaAasH. 

/I,aji»a Hape^efta, Roja tin ce noRasa^ia noxpetina cpeA- 
H>Hi saBOAHMa, oxnycxHbe ce y CBOje BpeMe; ho paAH obhx 
Hape^eH>a ho ciejy ce hh y rom saaoAy npoAaBasa OA^araxH.'' 

no xoMe A^K-^o HiROJiCRa 1877. roAHHa o((yxBaxa;ia je 
caMo xpH xecei^a h 6HJia je noBxopHa sa cse ^aRO, xe ce 
c xora y hiroacroj cxaxHCXBi^H OHa ne Mose boahxh Rao 
sacetina. 

Ilomxo cy l^ai^n npoRHAOi npOAaaaH^a iHoro HSAan* 
ry6HJH, xo je sa one, rojh 6h y noqexRy 1876-77. roAHHe 
HMa4H nojiaraxH noBxopne HcnHxe hs nojeARHHX npeAxexa, 
Hapei^eno 13. Asrycxa 1877. roAnne, a* Mory npeliH y cxa- 
pHJe paspoAe, aRo hs nojeAHHHx npoAiexa AO^Hjy na Hcnnxy 
oijeny ^Ao6ap*; a noRpaj xora OAo6peHo je, a^ ohh yqe- 

HHItH, ROJH H Ha OBOM HOBXOpHOl HCHMXy HaABy, HMajy HpaBO 

Ha noHaBJbaae Hcanxa, h xo y jiouexRy ORxo6pa, a Aoxjie 



CTAIliE JABtlE liACTABE V KPA.1>EBUHM CP6HJH 6t 

Aa Hory upHBpeMeno c^ymaifl npeAasaiba y ohom paapeAy, 
y KOJH ce ciipeMajy ^a npe^y. 

KaKO y mEo;iCKOJ 1876-77. roAHHH HHJe 6h40 peAOBHHX 
npeAasafta na hh HcnHTa, to je MHHECTap npocBOTe h iip- 
KBeHHX nocjioBa 1. Jyea 1877. roAHHe (Bp. 2108) jaBHo 
CTapemHHaMa cpeA&Hx msojia, Aa He MO^Re 6hth hh hc- 
HHia HaA y^eHHitHMa, KoJHcyce npHBaiHo cnpe- 
Ha;iH. Ha npHBaTHe HcnBTe iiymiaHH cy caio ohh yqenaiiiHy 
KOJH cy ce jaBM^H h;ih rojh cy HMa^iH npasa jaBHTH ce jom 
mRo;icRe 1876. roAHHe sa nojiarafte HcoHTa h3 paspeAa, 
H3 Rojera 6h npena aaRony, mofjih jom xaAa no^araxH hchht, 
Aa Hflcy y tom cnpeqenH (Jhjih paTHHM Aora^^aJHMa. 

Ha npoTHB AonyniTeHM cy 6h^h upHBaTHH hchhth y 
ocHOBHHM mRO^aia, ho c thh, Aa ce a^UH, soja ce npHJaBe 
sa npHBaTHO nojiaraH>e HcnHTa, HMajy xpaxHTH noxnyHO ro- 
AHHe aaROHOM npoHHcane, h le roAHHe Baika40 je AORasaxH 
H3B0A0M H3 npoTOR04a RpmxeHHx. 

Ha noc^iexRy Aa ce ne 6h saRpaliHBajio cxynaae y I 
paspeA cpeAH>HX mRo;ia ohhm yqeHHi^HMa, rojh cy npem;iH npo- 
HHCHy roAHHy yspacxa, MHHHcxap npocBexe h iipRBeHHX noc;iOBa 
25. Anrycxa 1877. roAHne OA^iy^HO je, Aa ce y I paspeA cpeA- 

H»HX HJROJia HOry npHMHXH CBH OHH yqeHHIlH, ROJH mRO^CRe 

1876, roAHHO HHcy 6h;ih cxapnjn oa nexnaecx roAHna. 

HapoA^a, KOJOM je aatfpafeOHO noAaraae npHBaxHHX hc- 
HHxa yqeHHUHMa cpeAH>HX mROJia, naHm^a je na snaxan oxnop, 
aJiH HMaJia je h Aocxa 6paHH.9ai]ia. Mh aP^hmo, a& J6 ce hcxox 
xxe./ia ynaaaxH npannqnocx npeMa yqenni^HMa ohhx poAHxej>a, 
RoJH HHcy HiajiH cpeACxana Aa CBojy A^iiy npHBaxHO noyqa- 
Bajy 3a Bpene, aokao je xpaja;io paxHO cxaae y seiiAH, 

HcRasaBHiH obo neROMRo peqn o mRO^CROJ 1876-77. 
roAHHH, flpe;ia3HM0 na H3;iarau>e CTaH»a jaBHe nacxane y Cp- 
tfHJfl 3a 1877-78. h 1878-79. niROJicRy roAMny, c;iyateliH ce 
npH xoM noAaxi^Hia hs cJiy»6eHHX HSBOpa. 

5^ 



68 CTAIbE JABHB HACTABE V KPAjbBBHHH dPBHJH 

I SaBOUOAftBCTBO. 

y OBe ABe fflKo^icKe roAHne HHJe mhofo pa^eao o mnoA- 
CKHM saROHHMa. TaRO HMaMO A^ 3a6e;iemHM0 npeo 3 as oh 
HBieHaMa h Aonynaia y ype^eay Y^HTeibCKe 
niKO^ie, H3AaH 24. Jyna 1877. roAHHe. 

Obhm HSMenaHa aoa^'I' j^ y^HTeibCRoj birojih qexBpTH 
paapeA (^^. 7.); Hay^HH npeAMeiM rpynHcaHH cy noAecHHJe 
{^A. 8.); ycTaHOBJbena je roa mROAe BeatdaoHHija {^A. 9.); 
npoBHcaHe cy AyanocTH ynpaBHieJba, npo^ecopa h ABAOBo^e 
{^A. 12. 13. H 20.); Hapei^eno je, Aa AMOBoi^a (JyAe y jeAHO 
H 6H6^HOTeRap (qji. 18.); OApe^en je Rpyr paAa npooecop- 
CRor caBexa (^;i. 19); yRHHyi je MHTepHaT, h AaBaite Ap- 
saBHor 6^aroAejai{>a cupoTHHM h BaibanHM uHTOMUHMa npa- 
BHJiHiia je OApe^eHO {nA. 24); yRHHyio je npaBo uHTOiaita 
Ha 6oika y^HTeibCRa lecra {^a. 25), h nponHcan je yqHxeJb- 
GRH HCHHT sa yqeHHRO HajciapHJer paspeAa. 

/tpypH je 3aR0H o ypel)eB>y BHine »eHCRe 
inRo;ie oa 19. Jaeyapa 1879. roAflne. 

Kao niTO je nosHaro Bflma sencRa niRo^ia oiBopena je 
y BeorpaAy y no^exRy mROJiCRe 1863. roAHHe, Ha ocHOBy 
SaROHa ycxpojcTBa Bnine sencRe mROJie oa 14. 
Jyna 1863. roAHHe. Y xom saRony HSJioaenH cy caMO y 
rjiaBHOMe niAJb h saAaxaR one mROJie^ jep y i^ejioi saRony Hia 
caHO A^cex q^anoBa, aorab hx y hobom saRony HMa ABa- 
A e c e x. 

HoBBX cy saROHOM npeuH3HHje OApel^ene HayRe, Roje ce 
HMajy HpoAaBaxH y Bmhioj »eHCROJ mROJH; AM>e ycxaHOB- 
AeHH cy yqHxeJbCRH hchhxh sa one y^enHAe, Roje ataae npH- 
MHXH ce y^Hxe^bCRe c;iys6e. ynpaBHxeikiiR h R.AacHHM y^HxejiiH- 
Aaia oApe^ena je Beta njiaxa ca nepHOAH^HHM noBBmHi^axa 
OA 260 AHHapa no CBpniexRy CBane nexe roABHe, xaRO a* 
roAHoifta nMxa RJiacHe y^Hxe^Bi^e hshoch no^exROH 31-e 



CTAH>E JABHE BACTABE 7 KPAwbEBHHH CPBHJH 69 

roAHHe cJiy«6oBafta 3000 AHHapa. Oahocho poKa Myat6e 
H neHCHJe ynpafiHTejLRa h SJiacHO jmnTeJbwiifi imajy CBa OHa 
npasa Kao h HacxaBHEi^H ochobhhx niKo^a. 

XoHopapHBM npeAaBaqHMa nojeABHHX nayRa, Koje He 
6h Morjie npeAaBaTH K^iacHe yqHxejbHite, OApe^eno je no 150 
AHHapa roAHm&e sa jeAan H6Ae;bHH qac. IIpeAaBaqHMa naR 
BemTHHa h cipaHiix jc3HRa OApe^ena je roAHm&a n^axa oa 
1000 — 1500 AHHapa. 3a one iipeAMexe Mory 6hth nociaB- 
Aene h yTOxejbHite. 

OcTa^e saROHCRe OApeA^e oahocho npHiaaa yqeHHi<a y 
mROJiy, npHMOftHBafta RasHH, roAMmH>era HCHHTa h mRo;icRor 
OAMopa, He pa3AHRyjy ce oa nocTOJetiHX Hapel)eH>a 3a MymRe 
cpeAfte HiRo^e. Caio y norJieAy npeBol^e&a yqennita y cia- 
pHJe pa3peAe, OBaj Je saRon MHoro 6^aaH nero sa yqeHHRe 

CpeAH»HX IDROAa. 

AAiHHHCTpaTHBHHX HapeAa6a h npouHca oa BaacHHjer 
3Haqaja HHJe 6h;io y one ABe iDRO^cRe roAHne, jep cy h y 
1877-78, roAMHH sa hcro BpeMe 6Hjia npeRHHyxa npeAaBaaa 
36or paTHHx Aora^aja, 

7 HCTOJ roAHHH HHcy OApe^HBaHH MHHHCTapcRH H3ac;ia- 
HHi^H 3a nper;ieyiaH>e ochobhhx mRO^a h oiiCH>HBaHi6 paAa y^H- 
Te;bCRora y thm mROJiaMa. A rojh cy HsacJiaHEiiiH 6hjih oa- 
pe^eHH 8a nperJieAaae ochobhhx mROJia y 1878-79. foahhh, 
bhah ce H3 oBor nper;ieAa. 

MHHHcrapcKHx H3ac;iaHnRa 6h;io je cnera ABanaecT. /I,bo- 
JHi^a cy 6h;ih qHHOBHHi^H MHHHCTapcTBa npocBexe h upRBe- 
hhx noc;iOBa, a A^cex hx je 6hao m poAa HacxaBHHRa cpeA- 

&HX HIRO^a, 



70 



CTAH>E JABHE IIA.CTABE V KPA.1>EBIIHH CPBHJH 



o 




1 
o 


■=-■ 


1 
o 













< 
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p4 




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» S§ a S S S 

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g & § 1 P. § 
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t^ a> M <i> (D a> 

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S Pi a Pi Pi p4 




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CTAHiE JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBUHH CPBHJH 71 

CpeAfte DiKOJie y BeorpaAy nper;ieAa;iH cy iipo«ecopH 
BeJiHRe mBOAe, a y yHyTpamftocTH Gp6HJe ohh MHHHCTapcRH 
usacjiaHHKH, BOJH cy HSBprnn^H uperjieAai&e ochobhex mso^a. 

nsBeniTaJH HaacJiaHHsa, Boje cy ohh noAHeJiH MHHHCipy 
npocBeTO H iipKBeHHX nocjiOBa, ocTajiH cy HemxaMnaHH. 

npe^a3HMo caA na HSJiarafto cxafta nojeAHHHX msojia 
y o6e HiK04CBe roAHHe. 

II BeJiHBa niRO.aa. 

Bpoj HacTaBHnsa hshocho je y oboj hirojih h to: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 
PeAOBHHX npo*ecopa ... 23 22 

XoHopapHHX npo«ecopa. 



CynJieHaxa . . . • 
y^Hxeiba i^pxa&a . . . 
Csera 



2 3 

- 2 

1 1 

26 28 



Ha njiaxy CBHJy HacxaBHHRa HSAaxo je y 1879. toahhh 
118.416-80 AHHapa. 

y mRo;icROJ roAHHH 
yoHcajio ce ^aRa: 1878. 1879. 

peAOBHHX 120 100 

BanpeAHHX 26 ? 

CBpmH;io je niROJiy 94 90 

IIpeMa xoMe ociaPH^io je mRa;iy oa cxo ynHcannx h xo: 
22 y 1878. a 10 y 1879. roAHHH. 

no oaRy^xexHMa 6h;io je obo cxaH>e l^aRa. 

IIpaBHH ftaRyjixex BHao je peAOBHHX ^ana: 

y r A H H H 
1878. r. I. XL III. IV. CBera 

ynHcaHHX 7 8 20 18 53(*) 

CBpmaBajyiiHx .... 4 5 17 18 44 



('] BaBpeAHHX l)aKa 6h40 je oeera 1 3, ^ to: y I. 9, y II, 1, 
y III. 2 n y IV. j0AaH. 



72 



CTAH>E JABBB HACTABE Y KPA4>EBHaH CPBHJH 



1879. 
ynEcaHHX 9 



CBpmaBajyhHx . . 
IIpoiteHaT l^aKa rojh cy 
mKo;iy ocxaBBJiH 1878. 
1879. 
IIpaBHH »aKy;iTeT 



8 



6 
5 



19 
18 



40 
37 



. 42-86 37-50 15-00 — 16-98 

. 11-11 16-67 — 5-26 7-50 

Hvao je y 1879. toahhii 24-50 

apoi^eHaTa Mane pbaobhex l^aRa Hero ah y toahbe 1879. 

Me^y THH y toj je foahbh AOspniH^io ftaKy;iTeT pejiaiBBHO 

BHme l^asa. 

«aKy;iTeTy (5hjo je peAOBHHX 



y «HJ10COOCEOM 

, H TO y OAceKy: 



1878. r. 
ynHcaHHX . . . 
CBpntaBajybHX . . 

1879. 
ynHcaBHX . . . 
CBpmaBajyliHX . . 
HpoiieHaT l^aRa rojh cy 
fflROjy ociaBHJH 1878 
1879 



iipHpoAHo-naTeiaTHqROH 
I, r. II. r. III. r. cnera 



9 
5 

14 
14 



6 
2 

7 
6 



7 
7 

2 
2 



22(') 
14 

23 
22 



44-44 66-67 
— 14-28 



36-36 
4*35 



HCT0pHJCR0-»HJ10;i0inB0H 



1878. r. I. r. II. r. III. 

yiiHcaHHX 7 6 16 

CBpmaBajytiHX .... 4 5 14 

1879. r. 

ynHcaHHX 9 4 6 

Lhx . . . . 7 4 5 



(') noKpaj OBHx ;iBa saupeAna ))aKa h to no je^aa y I. h II. 
roAuan. 

(*) OccM Tora 1 BaupeAUHX h to ; 7 y I ; 2 y II. a 1 y IIJ. 
roAHHii. 



CBera 
29 O 
23 

19 
16 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAvLEBBHH CPBHJH 



73 



IIpoiteHaT t^aRa rojr cy 

mso^y ocraBHAH 1878. 

1879. 

1878. 
ynncaHHx .... 
CBpmaBajybHX . . 

1879. 
ynHcaHux .... 
CBpmasajyLHX . . 
npoqenaT t^asa kojh cy 
mKo^y ocTaBHJiH 1878 
1879 



42-86 16-67 12-50 20-69 
22-22 — 16-67 15-79 
y o6a OAcesa 
I. r. II. r. III. r. cBera 



16 
9 

23 
21 



12 

7 

11 
10 



23 

21 

8 

7 



51 
37 

42 
38 



43-75 41-67 8-70 27-45 
8-70 9-10 12-50 9-52 
y 1878. roAHHH ocrasHJio je BHme ^sa OAces npHpoABO- 
MaTeHaTH^RH, a y 1879. toahhh H3ry<iE0 je BHme l^axa oa- 

CeR HCTOpHjCRO-«HJ10jlOinRH. 

Ha CTO t^aRa, roJh cy 1878. roABee ocraBOJiH «hjio- 
cotCRH «aRyjiTeT Be^BRe mRO^e, AO-AasBJio je roAHHe 1879. 
H TO y OAceRy: 

npipoAHO-iiaTeMaTHqRoi 12 ^aRa 

HCTOpHJCRO-»H40.10mROX 76 „ 

y onrnxe . 35 „ 

TexHHqRH «aRyjiTeT HMao je peAOBHHX ^aRa : 

y r A B H H 



1878. r. I. II. III. 

ynHcaHHX 4 2 3 

CBpmaBajyhHX .... 3 2 2 

1879. r. 

ynHcaHHX 9 3 3 

CBpmaBajyliHX .... 8 3 2 



IV. 

7 



3 
2 



CBera 

leC) 

13 

18 
15 



(^) y I. roAHuu 6ho je h joAaH eaupeAaH >)aK, 



74 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABB V KPAwbEBUHU CPBHJH 

IIpoiieHaT ^sa bojh cy 

mKo;iy ocxaBH^iH 1878. . 25*00 — 33-33 14*29 18-75 
1879. . IMl - 33-33 33*33 16-67 
KaA 6Ba xpn oanyyiTeTa ysHeMo y joaho, OHAa HajiasHiio, 
Aa je OA CTO ynHcaHHX ^na AOBpmHAo 
roABHy: 1878. r. 1879. r, 

HpBy 59 90 

Apyry -64 90 

Tpety 87 88 

^OTBpTy .... 96 91 

PasMepa MBMel^y IV. a I. roAHne 6tiim je: 
y 1878. roAHBH sao 100 : 62 
y 1879. , , 100:99 
Obo Haj(5oAe AOKaayje oa KaKBor cy mTeTHor yiHijaja 
(5h;ih paiHH Aora^aJH y 1878. toahbh Ba fflKo;iOBaB>e ^aKa 
Be;iHB6 mKOJie. 

3a 1879. roAHfly uHaMo noAaTite o l^ai^HMa Be^iHse 
mso^e, KOJH cy no;io»HJiH hcbbt. 

HcHHT je nojio»wjio 
y ©aKy^TOTy: cBera ^aKa y ^po^eHTy 

npaBBOM 31 83-78 

oHjiocoo^CBOM 32 84*21 

TeXBH^BOM 15 100*00 

y onmxe ... 78 86-67 

HcnuT cy uoaoshhah 

7 r A H H H 

y MKyATeiy: I. II. III. IV. 

H3 npeAMCTa 

npaBBOM 44 4 7 

TeXBH^KOM 76 8 10 

^B40co^, OAC. npHpoA.-MaxeMaTHqKB. 4 8 4 — 

|ICTOpnjCBO-«H40JIOBIM, 6 7 8 — 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABB V RPAAEBHHU CPBHJK 75 

III BorocAOBHja. 

y oBoj mRO^n pa^H^o je: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 

Hpo^ecopa 6 7 

Cyn^eHETa 1 1 

IIpeAaBa^a 1 5 

YqHTejfca 3 2 

Csera .... 11 15 

Ha HAaxy CBHJy HacTasHHRa HBAaio je y 1879. toahbh 
32.102-60 AMBapa. 

"Easa je ($hjio 

y PABPBAy 

I. II. III. IV. CBera 

1878. ynHcaBHX .... 58 51 35 34 178 
Ba Rpajy roAMfle . . 47 42 32 31 152 

1879. ynHcaBHX .... 50 45 50 34 179 
Ba Bpajy roAHBe . . 46 44 48 33 171 

Oa cto yoMcaBBX ociaBH^o je niKOJiy 

1878. r 19 18 9 9 15 

1879. , 82 4 3 4 

3a 1878. roAHBy HHaMo hs Boro&AOBBJe noAaxse o 

yspoi^BMa, 3($or bojbx cy i^ai^H OBy mKOJiy ociaBBJiu. TaRO 
ocTaBB^o je BoroaoBHJy: 

CBera ^aRa y npoi^eBiy 

3(5or CMpTB 1 3*85 

^ HCRAy'ieH)a 1 3*85 

„ 6o;iecTB 3 11*53 

H3 paBBBX yapoRa 21 80*77 

C5Bera ... 26 100-00 
niROJiy je noxoAHJio 

CBera y npoiteBiy 

Bpjio MapjbHBO 26 17*10 

Map&HBO , 61 40*13 



76 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA.«>EBHHI1 CPBHJH 



130 176 

— 2 

130 178 

7303 100-00 



HeMapjLHBo 33 21*71 

Bpjio HaMap^bHBO 32 21*06 

Csera .... 152 100*00 
Ho Meciy po^eaa 6f;io je y BorocjiOBHJH ^sa 
poAOM: Bapomana ceJtaKa ceera 

H3 Cp6HJe 46 

» AycTpo-YrapcBe. ... 2 

Csera .... 48 

HpoiteHaT 26*97 

HaJBBme "^nsa 6iiA0 je hb ospyra jaroAHflCBor h nosa- 
peBa^Bor (17 h 16)^ a aaJMafte H3 noApHBcsor (5). Hs Be- 
orpa^a 6bao je 14 ^aBa y BoroaoBHJH. 

y nojeAHHHM paspeAHiia 6iiiA0 je 
BapomaHa 
H TO y paapeAy: 

npBOM 15 

ApyroM 14 

Tpetei 7 

qeTBpxoM 12 

no roAHHaMa yapacTa 6h;io je l^aBa 

y PASPBAy 



basa 


npouoHar 




Bapomana 


39 


27-78 


42 


25-00 


28 


20-00 


21 


36-36 



y roAHHH: 


I. 


II. 


III. 


lY. 


CBera 


y npoueBTj 


16-oj . . 


. 2 


— 


— 


— 


2 


1-12 


17-oj . . 


. 18 


25 


7 


— 


50 


28-10 


18-oj . . 


. 11 


10 


9 


3 


33 


18-54 


19-oj . 


. . 16 


13 


4 


7 


40 


22-47 


20-oj . 


. . 7 


— 


10 


6 


23 


12-92 


CTapHJBX 


. . 4 


3 


5 


18 


30 


16-85 



KaaibaBaHflx ^asa 6if;io je y xeqajy roAHne CBera 44 

HJIH 25 OA CTOTHHe. 

BJiaroAejanai^a 6iiiA0 je caMo 20, a^b^^ H oa croTHHet 



CTAH>E JABHE H ACT ABE V KPA^EBHHH( CPBIIJH ^t 

Ho ycnexy 6h^o je y BoroMOBHjji ^Ka 





c B e 


r a 


y npoaeHTy 




1878. 1 


?. 1879. r. 


1878. r. 


1879. r. 


OA^SHqHUX . . 


. 25 


11 


16-45 


6-43 


BpjlO AOtfpHX 


. 58 


100 


38-16 


58-48 


A06pHX . . . 


. 58 


52 


38-16 


30-41 


(uiatfax . . . 


. 9 


8 


5-92 


4-68 


pl^aBHX . . . 


. 2 


— 


1-31 


— 



Ha rop&HX paaiiepa b»ah ce, a* cy y roAHHH 1879. 
yqeHHitH noKasa^iH 8H8.tho (5ojtH yciiex, ho y 1878. roAHHfl. 

lY rnHHasHJe h peajixe. 

Oa obhx mnojia 6h;io je: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 

rHMHasBJa 2 3 

Hhshx rHHHa3Hja 9 11 

Peajiasa 1 1 

rBMHasHJCRHX p6a.fiasa . . , 6 6 

TproBa^KO-aaHaTjiHJCKHX niKOJia . — 1 

Csera 18 22 

PasjiHKa HSMe^y 1878. h 1879. roAHHe AO^asH OTyA, 
niTo cy y 1879. roAMHH OTBopeHe HOBe niKO.«e, h to: y 
Hnmy rHMHasnja, y IlapatiHHy rHMfla3HJCKa pea;iKa a y IIh- 
poTy TproBaqKO-saHawHJcKa niKOJia. THMHasHJCKe pea.«Be y 
CMeAepeBy h Ha^Ky Aotfa^ie cy roAHHe 1879. TpetH paapeA 
H Taso ymjie y poA hh^hx rHMHasHJa. Ha nouemy aoa^j^mo 
H TO, A^ J6 rHMHasnjcKa pea;iRa y E&aseBiiy roAHHe 1878. 
ocTa./ia saTBopeHa c Tora, niTO HHje 6hjio arpaAe y Kojy (5h 
ce Morula ciecTHTH. 

6pojy HacTaBHHKa y obhm mROJiaMa niiaMO oBaj npe- 
vAQfl, aa 1878. roAHHy. 



78 



CTAH>E JABHE itACTABE V KPAAEBHRH C!PBHiH 







B P 0. J 1 


111 K ^ 


E 


-< 
CU 

o 

o 

M 

2 


2 

<< 
S 
M 

-S 

& 


< 
< 

03 

•< 
< 
M 
CU 


-< 

p 


S •^ 

g B 


BeorpaAcna rHMHasHJa . 


• • • 


13 


1 


3 


1 


! 18 


KparyjeBa^Ka „ . . 


. 


8 


1 


3 


4 


16 


npBa 6eorpaACsa HH^a rHMHasHja. 


5 


— 


2 


1 


8 


Apyra 


n 


5 




— 


3 


8 


BajbOBcsa , 


r 


1 


1 


2 


2 


6 


JaroAflHCKa „ 


» 


1 


1 


1 


2 


5 


EpymoBa^Ba 


» 


2 


2 


1 


3 


8 


HeroTHHCBa „ 


» 


2 


2 


1 


2 


! 7 


no»apeBaqKa » 


» 


5 


— 


2 


1 


8 


YsH^Ka 9 


» 


4 


— 


1 


2 


7 


matfaqsa „ 


9 


5 


— 


— 


3 


8 


BeorpaACsa pea^sa . . 


. 


7 


2 


2 


2 


13 


A^OBCHHa'iRa rHUHasHJcsa 


peaAsa. 


1 


1 


— 


2 


4 


3ajeqapcBa » 


» 


1 


1 


— 


2 


4 


AosHH^Ra „ 


ji 


1 


1 


— 


2 


4 


GBa;iaJHHaqKa „ 


9 


1 


— 


1 


3 


5 


GateAepeBCBa ^ 


» 


2 


— 





2 


4 


^aqaHcsa „ 


» 


1 


1 


— 


2 


4 



DLpena tomg 6eao je: 

CBera 

Ilpo^ecopa 65 

CynjienaTa 14 

HpeAaBaqa 19 

YMRTeJba 39 

HacxasHHBa 137 



npoiieHTy 
47-46 
10-20 
13-87 
28-47 

10000 



CTAH>^ JABHE HAGTABE V KPA.i>l^BHHH CPBHJH 



7S 



Ha npoTHB y roAHHH 1879. 6hao je: 

CBera y iipoudHxy 

Hpo^ecopa 65 43*62 

Cyfl.ieHaTa 28 18-79 

HpeAaBaqa 15 10*07 

YMHTeAa 41 27*52 

HacxaBHHKa .... 149 100*00 

Ha OBor nope^e&a bhah ce, ^a je hshocmo npoiieHaT 

HacxaBHHKa : 

1878. r. 1879. r. 

BHmera peAa 57*66 62*41 

HH»era peAa 42*34 37*59 

E0.1HBO je 6hjio HacTaBBHsa 1879. roAHHe y cBasoH no- 
ce($Hiie 3aB0Ay, bhah ce hs obof uperjieAa. 





B^^B 




B P 


^-T-1 


m K .^ E 


< 

8 

H 

B 


■< 
H 
< 
S 
H 

B 


< 
< 

00 

< 
< 
M 
0. 

a 


•< 
H 

a 


Is 5 

la 


BeorpaACKa rniiHadnja .... 


1 

;i4 


1 


1 


2 


18 


KparyjeBaqKa „ 


8 


5 


— 


4 


17 


HHHIBa „ 


— 


1 


2 


— 


3 


npBa BeorpaACKa nnaca rHMHaanja. 


6 


1 


— 


1 


7 


Apyra 


5 


— 


— 


1 


6 


BajbeBCKa HHsa rHHHasHJa. . . 


I 2 


3 


— 


2 


7 


JaroAHHGKa „ „ 


, 


1 


1 


1 


2 


5 


KpymeBaqsa HHsa rHMHasHJa . 




3 


— 


2 


3 


8 


HeroTBHCEa » ^ 




2 


1 


2 


2 


7 


UoatapeBaqKa „ „ 




1 i 


1 


1 


3 


9 


CMeAepeBCKa „ „ 




S 


— 





2 


5 


YatflqEa „ „ 




3 


1 


1 


2 


7 


^aqaHCKa „ „ 




1 


2 


1 


2 


6 



80 



CtAibfi JABH^ lUCtA&E y KPA^BBHHH Ot'BUJH 



111 K J E 


6 p J 1 


-< 

0. 

o 
o 

u 

o 

0. 

c 


< 
s 
u 

o 


< 
03 

M 
0. 

B 


< 

I 

9 
9> 


se 

8 
11 
4 
4 
3 
4 
3 
4 
3 


Ulatfaqica HHsa rHHHaairja. . . 

BeorpaACKa peaJiKa 

A^ieBCKHaqsa rHMHaanjcsa pea^iRa. 
3ajeiapcKa „ „ 
Kiha^eBa^sa „ j, 
Ao3HflqEa „ , 
napaliEHGBa „ „ 
GBHjiaJHHaqBa » „ 
IlHpoTCBa TproBa^ico-3aHaT. mKO^a. 


5 
7 

1 


2 
2 

2 
2 

2 
2 


1 

1 

2 


3 
1 
2 
2 

1 
2 
1 
2 

1 



6pojy i^aRa y rHMHasfljaiia HiiaHO obo noAaxRO. 
1878. roAHHe 1879. roAHHe 

($Hjio je yuHcaHHX i^aRa 
y rHMBasHJH y rHMnasHJH 



o 



? . S 5 3 « 3 

y paapeAy: S 5 2 2 g 2 5 2 2 

I . . . . 91 68 159 113 63 48 224 

II 51 33 84 58 52 

III 37 45 82 46 27 

IV 51 36 87 39 37 

V 107 22 129 96 23 

VI 54 22 76 67 15 

VII 38 9 47 39 13 

Csera . . 429 235 664 458 230 



48 



110 
73 
76 

119 
82 
52 

736 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBUHH CPBHJU 



81 



CBpmnjio je: 










I. p. . . 72 


50 122 


88 


52 44 


184 


II. p. . . 47 


28 75 


54 


48 — 


102 


III. p. . . 32 


38 70 


36 


25 - 


61 


IV. p. . . 31 


33 64 


36 


33 — 


69 


V. p. . . 65 


14 79 


84 


16 — 


100 


VI. p. . . 35 


14 49 


63 


14 — 


77 


VII. p. . . 34 


6 40 


33 


13 — 


46 


Csera 316 


183 499 


394 ! 


301 44 


639 


Oa, cto ynHcaiflx Ijssa CBpmH.io hx je 




y rnitHasHJH: 




1878 


. r. 1879. 


r. 


6eorDaiicBoi 




74 


86 




KparyjeBaqRoj . . 




78 


87 




HEIIIBOJ . . . 




— 


92 




y onniTe . 


. 


75 


87 




Ho ycnexy 6hjio je 1878. 


roAHHe 


^asa: 






y r H H 1 


I A 3 


H J H 






6eorpaACKOj 


KparyjeBaqEoj y « 


oiiniTe 




CBera npoit. 


CBera 


npou. CBera 


I npoii. 


OAJin^BEX . . . 


10 3-17 


18 


9-84 28 


5-60 


Bpjio AO($pHX . . 


110 34-81 


62 


33-88 172 


34-40 


AO($pHX . . . 


86 27-21 


89 


48-63 175 


35-20 


cjia6ix . . . 


92 2911 


14 


7-65 106 


21-20 


P^BHX . . . 


I 0-32 


— 


- 1 


0-20 


KOJH HCBHT HHCy 










noAoxaM . . 


17 5-38 


— 


- 17 


3-40 


Uo paspeAHia Cbao je y o($e rHMHasHJe l^asa, 


H to: 




y p A 


8 


PEA 


y 




I. 11. III. 


IV. 


V. VI. 


VII. 


OAJIH^KHX . . . 


3 3 3 


6 


7 2 


4 


BpjIO AO((pHX 


32 21 31 


26 


26 16 


20 


A0(5pHX . . . 


53 30 28 


17 


21 15 


11 


rjACiiBK LXX 








6 



82 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA^EBIIHM CPBHJH 



cjiatfHX ... 29 20 8 12 20 12 5 

pljaBHX ... 1 — — — — — — 

HCHHT HHJe noAomnAO 4 1 — 3 5 4 — 

Ha CTO OAJIBMHX, Bp;io Ao6pHX h A0(5pHX ^aKa 6uao 
je 06Ta.iHx 





y p A 


3 p E A y 






y FBMHaaHJH: 


I. II. III. 


IV. V. VI. 


VII. y 


onmie 


CeorpaACKOj . 


57 56 28 


94 59 84 


17 


53 


KparyjeBaqKoj . 


19 17 3 


— 8 — 


— 


8 


Csera . 


39 38 13 


31 46 48 


14 


33 


y 1879. 


roAHHH 6hjio je 


basa 








y r H 


H H A 3 n 


J H 




no ycnexy: 


(JeorpaACKoj 


EparyjesaqKOJ 


HHUIEO, 


CBera 


OA^HIHHX 


. . 10 


21 


2 


33 


BpJO Ao6pBX 


. . 110 


56 


9 


175 


Ao6pHX . . 


. . 184 


95 


16 


295 


cAaCax . . 


. . 89 


29 


10 


^128 


p^aBHx . . 


. . 1 


— 


7 


8 




y E 


P II E 


H T 


y 


OA^HqDHX 


2-54 


10-45 


4.55 


6-16 


Bpjo Ao6pax 


27-92 


27-86 


20-45 


27-39 


A0(5pHX . . 


46-70 


47-26 


36-36 


46-17 


aa(5HX . . 


22-59 


14-43 


22-73 


20-03 


P^aBHX . . 


0-25 


— 


15-91 


1-25 


y cse TpH rHKHasuje (h;io 


Je ^asa no paspeARHa 


, H to: 




y p 


i 3 P E 


A y 






I. II. 


III. IV. V. 


VI. 


VII. 


OAJIH^HHX . . 


. 4 4 


3 6 8 


5 


3 


BpjlO A06pHX . 


. 35 24 


23 24 29 


16 


24 


A06pHX . . 


. 90 52 


25 26 44 


44 


15 


Ma6HX . . 


. 47 22 


10 13 20 


12 


4 


pltaBHX . . 


. 8 — 


— — — 


— 


— 



CTAH»fi JABHE H/wCTABE V KPA4»EBHHH CPBHJH 83 

IIpK nopel)eH»y OA^HqHHX, Bpjio Ao6pHx n Ao6pHX ^ana 
c ^aitHna c,ia(JHM, usJiaan, a* j^ Ha cto npBHx AO^asHJio 
OBHX ApyrHX 





^ 


1 


p 1 


3 


p 


B A 


y 




y THMHasHJH: 


I. 


II. 


III. 


IV. 


V. 


VI. 


VII. 


y onmxe 


CeorpaACKOJ . 


33 


42 


24 


38 


29 


24 


14 


30 


KparyjeBa^KOJ . 


44 


14 


14 


10 


7 


— 


— 


17 


HHfflKOJ . . . 


63 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


63 


CBera 


43 


27 


20 


23 


25 


18 


10 


27 



y o6e roAHHe l^aiiH EparyjeeaqKe rHMHasHJe noKaaa.iH 
cy MHoro 6oAH ycnex oa ^Ka rHMHa3HJe 6eorpaACKe, h to 
y cBHMa paapeAHMa, HsysHMajyliH caMo paspeA npBH y 1879. 

rOAHHH. 

Ha 1878. roAHHe HiaMo noAaxKe o ^amma no toah- 
Haia yapacTa, no Meciy pol)eH>a h saKo cy noxoAHJifl mKCiy. 

TaBo noxoAHJio je rHMHaanjy 

6eorpaACKy KparyjesaiiKy l)aKa 
CBera upoii. CBera npoii. CBera npou. 
Bp^o MapAHBo . 7 2-22 52 2842 59 11-82 
MapAHBO ... 107 33-86 82 41-81 189 37-88 
HeMapAHBO . . 104 32-91 31 16-94 135 27-05 
Bp;io HeMapjtHBO 98 31-01 18 9-83 116 23-25 

y KparyjeBaqKOJ rHMHaanJH 6h;io je mhofo Bnnie Map- 
jbHBBX ^Ea Hero jih y rHMHasHJa (JeorpaACKOJ. Ha cto Map- 
jbHBHX l)aKa AO^asHJio je y OBoj rflMHasHJH 177 HeMapjbHBHX, 
a y rHMHasHJH EparyjeBa^Koj caMO 37 xaEMX l^aEa! 

Ho roAHHaMa yapacia 6hjio je ^a^a 

y rHMHASHJH 

EOJH cy HMa^B : 6eorpaACKOj itparyjeBa^EOJ CBera npou. 

AO 11 roAHHa . . 6 1 7 1*14 

12 ;, ... 30 20 50 8-17 

13 .... 35 21 56 9-15 



84 



CTAIbE JABHE HACTABE Y KPAAEBHBH CPBMJH 



AO 14 roAHHa . 


. 47 




24 


71 


11-60 


15 , . . 


. 50 




33 


83 


13-57 


16 , . . 


. 36 




19 


55 


8-99 


17 , . . 


. 48 




21 


69 


11-27 


18 , . . 


. 71 




21 


92 


15-03 


19 , . . 


. 47 




9 


56 


9-15 


BHme roAHHa . . 


. 59 




14 


73 


11-93 


Oa cto ^asj 


\. 












Hiiajio je 


iiponncHy 


(JhjIo je 




rHMHasHJe : 


roAHHy 


yspacxa 


CTap^JHX 




(ieorpaACKe. . 


. 


87 




13 




KparyjeBaqse . 


• • • • 


77 




23 




Csera . 


• • • • 


84 




16 





y nojeAHHHM paspeAHMa hbhocho je npoiieHaT ^asa, kojh 
cy HMa^H nponHCHy roAHHy yspacxa, w to 

y THMHASHJU 



y paspeAy: 


oeorpaACBOj 


BparyjeBaqKoj 


y onmie 


UpBOK. . . 


. . 91 


90 


91 


ApyroM . . 


. . 84 


82 


84 


TpebeK . . 


. . 89 


66 


77 


^CTBpTOM . . 


. . 76 


67 


73 


IleTov . . 


. . 78 


64 


76 


niecTOM . . 


. . 100 


79 


96 


CCAHOM . , 


. . 100 


— 


100 



HaJMaftH npoAOHaT ^Ka y HopMa^iHOj roAHHH yspacia 

HMajy OHH paspeAH, y Koje AOJiase \fS,u,vi hs aPJ^hx hhshk 

fflBo^a, a TO cy paapeAH Tpete, ^eTBpTH h neTH. 

no HecTy po'^efta 6ifJio je l)aBa 

HB Cp(JHJe ca CTpaHO y onmTe 
y FHMnasHJH : Bapom. cejbana Bapom. cejbana sapom. cej»aHa 

(JeorpaACBoj . 299 78 33 19 332 97 

KparyjeBaqKOJ 105 74 4 — 109 74 

Csera 404 152 37 19 441 171 



CTAIi>E JABRE HACTABE V KPA4>EBHHH CP6HJU 



85 



IIpoiieHaT BaponraHa hshocho je koa ^aKa 



rHMEasHJe : 


H3 Gp6HJe 


CTpaaai^a 


y onmTe 


(JeorpaACEe . . 


. 79-30 


63-46 


77-39 


BparyjeBsqse . . 


. 58-66 


100-00 


59-56 


Csera . . 


. 72-66 


66-07 


72-06 


IIpoueHaT ^asa BapomaHa 


H3HOCH0 je 






y r H 11 E 


1 A 3 H J H 




y paapeAy: 


(JeorpaAeKoj 


KparyjeBaqKoj y onmie 


npBOM . . . 


. 92-31 


70-00 


84-40 


ApyroH . . . 


. 74-51 


50-00 


65-82 


Tpet.e» . . . 


. 78-38 


57-89 


68-00 


HeTBpTO». . . 


. 68-82 


42-36 


53-57 


IleTOM . , . 


. 72-90 


64-29 


71-90 


niecTOM . . . 


. 81-48 


78-57 


80-88 


Ce^MOH . . . 


. 73-70 


66-67 


72-73 



y (5eorpaACKOJ rniiHaaHJH HHao je npBH h mecTH pas- 
peA HaJBHine ^sa Bapomana, a xaso je ugto 6eao h y rHM- 
EasHJH BparyjeBa^Boj. HaJHa&e xaKHx l^ana Hiiao je paspeA 
qeTBpxH, H TO KaBO y jeAHOj laKo h y Apyroj rHMHaaiija. 

Ha nojeAHHHX ospyra 6iilao je y o6e rHiiHasnje ^Ra, 

H TO 



B3 OBpyra: 






sapom. 


ceAasa 


cBera 


y npoueHiy 


a^eKCHHaqsor ... 9 


2 


11 


1-99 


deorpaACKor 






— 


9 


9 


1-63 


Ba.%eBGEor . 






. 14 


7 


21 


3-78 


jaroAHHCsor 






9 


11 


20 


3-60 


KftaseBa^Bor 






4 


5 


9 


1-63 


uparyjeBaqBor . 






75 


55 


130 


23-38 


spaJHHCBor . . 






14 


1 


15 


2-70 


BpymeBaqBor 






9 


6 


15 


2-70 


noApHHCBor . 






2 


1 


3 


0-55 


oosapeBaiiBor . 






12 


7 


19 


3-42 



86 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA.bEBHHH CPBHJH 



9 


U 


23 


4-15 


9 


8 


12 


216 


12 


i 


16 


2-88 


8 


17 


25 


4-50 


7 


— 


7 


1-26 


9 


6 


15 


2-70 


U 


4 


18 


3-15 


188 


— 


188 


33-82 


404 


152 


556 


100-00 



pyAHii^Kor . 

CMeACpOBCKOl' 

tynpHJcKor . 
yatH^Kor 
UpHopeMitor 
qa^aHCKor . 
fflada^Kor 
H3 Beorpa;i,a. 

Csera 

Kao niTo ce bhah h3 HaneAeHHX OB^e 6pojeBa, y o6e 
rnMHasHJe 6yiA0 je HaJBame ^ana H3 Beorpa^a h na oKpyra 
KparyjeBaqEor, a Hajiaite H3 noApuHCRor OKpyra. 

no3HaTo je, Aft ce bc^ihkh 6poj ^Ka y cpeAifcHM idko- 
jiaMa nsApsaBa noc^yrnHBaitoM. TaKHX l)aRa 6wao je 
y ruMHasHJH: CBera oa cto 

6eorpaACKoj 67 16 

KparyjeBaqKOJ 22 12 

y onniTe 89 15 

y EparyjCBa^KOJ rniiHasHJH cBaKii ocmh, a y rHMHasHJii 
6eorpaACKOJ Beh CBaKu mecTH ^k ii3AP»taBa ce nocjiyatH- 
Bau>eM. 

6pojy "^aRa y HnacBM ruinasHJaMa HMaMO sa IS 78. 
roAHHy OBaj nper;ieA. 



HIIJKE rHMUA3HJE 


BPOJ'BAKA 1 


y noMETKr toakhb | ha kpajit toauhe 




y PASPEAV li u 

< ' '' a 

I. ' II. 1 III. 1 IV. !| o 


y PA3PEAy 


r < 


I. 


II. Ill ] IV. 


1 03 
1 


Ilpsa ($eorpiiACBa 


1 58 37I 41 54190 


53 


27 36' 45161 


Apyra 6eorpaACKai' 65, 25 32' 23'll45 


51 


20 231 191113 


BaACBCKa. . .17 13i 8; 4 42 10 


12 5 4; 31 


JaroAHHCKa . . 34i 17' 11 — '; 62 24 


13 


9 — 


1 46 


KpymeaaqKa . . 


19, 16; 9| 7 51 


12 


14 


6 7 


1 39! 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHU CPEHJH 



87 





II E P 




roAHJ 


J -B A K A 1 


HIIJKE rHMHA3HJF 




noqETKy 


IE HA KPAJy rOAHHE || 


PABPEAy I, u 1 y PA3PEAy 1 ul 


1 I. 1 n. , m. 1 


IV. 1 5 ,j I. ! u. , III. 1 IV. j 5 


HeroTBHCKa . 


.| 19' 17, 10 


ll'i 57] 15 U 8j 8l| 45 


]Io2EapeBaqRa 


.j 31' 5 9 


6:' 54M9 2 7 41 32 


Jmmm . . 


1 27 26' 20 12| 


85i; 23 19 19 11, 72 


TTTadaqKa 


.. 40 


26 18| 12| 


96| 34 19, 18 11 82 


1 Csera 


1313 

„ . 


182158 


129 


782!241|140j 131 109' 621 



Oa cto yuHcaHHX y niKo^y ^ana, octrbbjio je y xe^ajy 
roAHHe paape^: 

IIpBH ItHX 33 

Apyrn ,33 

TpetH ,17 

^eTBpxH ,16 

y onniTe » 21 

OAHocHa pasMepa HSMe^y npBor h TpeLer paspe^a 6HJia 
je Bao 100 : 48. 

^e^fli^HT ^ana y nojeAHHHH saBOAUMa h3hocho je, h to 
y HHatoj rHMHa3HJH: 

niadaqKOJ . . . 
^a^aHCEoj . . . 



IIpBoj 6eorpaACKOJ 
HeroTHHCKOJ . . 
Apyroj deorpaACKOj 



Ba^eBCKOj . . 

JaroAHHCEOj 

IIoatapeBaqKOJ 



14 npoiieHaTa 

15 

15 

21 

22 

24 

26 

26 

41 



OAflocHa pasMepa HSMel^y noatapeBa^Ke h ina6aqEe Hnme 
THMHasHJe 6nJia je 100 : 34. 



88 



CTAIi>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAA>EBHHH CPBHJH 



y3po^HMa, 86or kojhx cy 
HMaHo OBaj nperji6A. 



^i^H ocraBj^ajiu niRo;iy, 









BPOJ ^ 


BAKA KOJH cy HIKO-IJ 


f 0CTABH4H 


HHHCE rHMHA3HJE 


3 


B 


r 




BOJB- 
CTH 


CMPTH 


BCKJ>y- 
<IBH>A 


Hd FAJHUX 

yapoKA 


npBa (5eorpaACKa 




2 


4 


23 


Apyra 6eorpaACKa. . 


8 


— 


9 


15 


BajBOBCRa . . 




2 


— 


5 


4 


JaroAHHCKa 






— 


— 


3, 


13 


KpyraeBaqKa 






1 




— 


11 


HeroTHHCKa 






1 


— 


2 


9 


IIosapeBa^Ra 






1 


1 


2 


18 


YasH^sa 






— 


— 


3 


10 


ina6aqKa . 




> 


— 


— 





U 


Csera . . 




• 


13 


3 


28 


117 



CBera je AaKJie ocraBHo msojiy y le^ajy 1878. roAHHe 
161 i^as. Oa OBora ($poja AOAasHAO je na one bojh cy yHp.iH 
1*87 npoAenaxa, kojh cy ociaBH^iH msoJiy 3(5or (JoJiecTH 8*07 
npoitenaTa, HCKAyqeHO je 17'39 a hs pasHHx yspoKa ocra- 
BH.io je mKOJiy 72*67. npoitenaTa. MopTajinxeT y obhii niBO- 
jinHa 6ho je A^KJie Bp;io BejiHSH, a xaBO hcto h 6oJioBaH»e. 

Ho noxo^eiby niKOjie (Jhjio je y cbhx acbbt hhkhx 
rPMHaaHia i^aKa: 





CBera 


y npoqeHTy 


BpjO Map^HBHX . . 


. . 167 


21-35 


HapJbHBHX .... 


. . 302 


38-62 


HeHap,s>nBBX . . . 


. . 166 


21-23 


Bpjio HexapjbHBHX. . 


. . 147 


18-80 


Csera . . . 


. . 782 


100-00 



IIpeMa TOMe AOJiasfl^o je Ha cxo HapjbaBHX l^asa khx 
67, BoJH cy noxoAM^H mso^iy HeinapAHBo. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTA.BE V KPA.iI>EBHHB CPBHJH 



«y 



y nojeAHHHM 


niRoiaHa 6yiA0 , 


je OBO CTaae. 




1 


EPOJ 'BAKA KOJH CV nOXOAHlI 


I mKOjy 

BPJO HE- 
MAPABBO 


HH}KE niMHASHJE 




Bpao 
UAPJbmoo 


MAPAHBO 


HBMAP- 
J>HBO 


npBa 6eorpaACKa 
Apyra 6eorpaACKa . 
BaibBBCRa . . . 




. 1 


13 
26 
19 


47 
49 
17 


57 

28 

4 


73 

42 

2 


JaroAHHCRa . 






1 16 


24 


14 


8 


EpymeBaqRa . 






,i 16 


26 


8 


1 


HeroTHHCRa . 








16 


29 


11 


1 


HoaiapeBaqKa 
ysHiRa . . 








21 
23 


9 
42 


18 
12 


6 

8 


IHa^aqRa 






' 


17 


59 


14 


6 



HaJBHme HeiiapAHBHX l^aRa 6hjio je y npBoj 6eorpaA- 
<;roj HHscoj rHMHaaHJH (68*42 npoi^eHaTa) a najnafte (14'29) 
y Baj!>6BCR0J HHSOJ rnnHasHJH. Ha cto Bpjio Hapj»HBHX H Hap- 
jbHBHX ^aRa y npBOJ 6eurpaACROj hhsoj rHiLHasHJu AO^asHJio 
je 216 HenapjbHBHX. Ha npoTHB y sajbeBCROJ hhsoj riMHa- 
3HJH OAHOCHa pasiepa Hsuel^y HapjbHBHX h HeHapjbHBHX l^aRa 
6ea8l je Rao 100 : 17. 

Ho MBCTy po^efta 6eao je y cbhx a^bot hh»hx thm- 
HasBJa ^aRa 

pol^esHX : Bapomana ce^bana 

J Cp6HJH 463 203 

na cTpaHM 34 16 

Csera 497 219 

Oa cto l^aRa 

6m;io je 
po^eHBx: Bapomana ce^baHa 

y Cp6HJH 70 30 

na CTpaHH 68 32 

y onrnxe .... 69 31 



90* 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAvbEBHHU CPBHJH 



0^, CTo t)aKa 
6\^A0 je: 
BapomaHa 
ce.i)aHa . . 
y onniTe 



p I) e H H X 

y Cp6HJii Ha cxpaHH 

. 93-2 6-8 

. 92-6 7-4 

. 930 7 



OAHOCHa pasMepa H3Mel)y l^aKa Bapofflana b ce-'bana. 
6H.ia je: sa Cp6e kho 100 : 43 

3a cipaHue „ 100 : 56. 
3a nojeAHHe HHjEe rHMHasHje HMaMo o tomg obg noAaiKe. 





1 BPOJ-BAKA 1 


HHH;E rHMHA3HJE 


H3 CPBHJK 1 CA CTPAHE 


ca a Ed ll 
j o " >. 


npBa 6eorpaACKa . . 


ill9|53 11 7 130 


60||190 


Apyra 6eorpaACKa. . 


96 33 1 U 1 2 110 


35 


145 


BaAGBCKa . . . . 


23 8 — 


-' 23 


8 


31 


JaroAHHCKa . . . 


37 8 i 1 


-;' 38 


8 


46 


EpymeBaqKa . . . 


' 32 15 i 3 r 35 


16 


51 


HeroTHHCKa . , . 


! 30 14' 1 


— 1 31 


14 


45 


EoatapeBa^Ka . . . 


i 33 


17 2 


2| 35 


19 


54 


YKH^Ka 


! 38 


31 1 - 


3i' 38 


34 


72 


Dla^aMKa . . . . 


! 55 


24 ! 2 


1 


; 57 


25 


82 



HaJBHffle l)aKa cipanaita, 6h;io je y Apyroj ((eorpaACKoj 
Hiiaoj rHMHasHJH (ll'O npoueHaia). Y BUAeBCKOj nnatoj thm- 
Ha3HJH HHJe 6ho hh jeAaH CTpaa yqeHHK. 

y nojeAHHHM Hif3fiHM ruHHasiijaHa ii3hocho je npoi^enaT 
l)aRa Bapomana, ii to y Huacoj rHMHasHJ?: 

JaroAHHCKOJ 82*6 

Apyroj 6eorpaACKoj . . . . 75-9 

BaAeBCKOJ 74*2 

IIIatfaqKOJ 69-5 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHH CPBHJH 9l 

HeroTflHCKOJ 68*9 

KpyineBaqKoj 68*6 

npBOJ 6eorpaACK0J .... 684 

IIoatapeBa^KOJ 64*8 

YatHqKDJ 52*8 

Kao niTo co bhah h3 OBor nopel^eaa, naJBHrae ce^aaa 
6oo je ue\)y l^aitHMa y^H^Ke HHate rHMasMJe, a Hajiafte y 
jaroAHHCKOJ HHaoj rHiHasHJH. 

PasJiHKa H3Me^y oBe ABe mKOAe h3hoch totobo nyHHX 
30 npoiienaTa. 

Ha CTO ^aKa Bapofflana, kojh cy yiHjiH y jaroAHHCKOj 
HH«oj rMMHasHJH, AOJiasHjia cy y HHatoj rHUHasMJH vatHqKoj 
64 TaBa l^aKa. 

EaA b^Ke BapomaHe h cej»aH6 pacnopeAHMO no paspe- 
AiiMa, HH Ha.ia8HH0, A^ J6 Hnao ^Ka 

I. p. 11. p. III. p. IV. p. 

C B E r A 

BapomaHa ... 221 111 95 70 

ce-tana 61 49 55 54 

y npoitEHTy 
BapomaHa . . . 7837 6937 63-33 56*45 
ce-tana .... 21-63 30-63 36*67 4355 

IIpoiteHaT Bapomana y cxapHJHM paspoAHMa CBe Byrne 
onaAa, Aooe Ha npoTHB npoiteHai ^aKa coAana onex pacie. 
Obo y HeKo.iHKo Moate noc/iyaiHTH sa AORaa, KaKO cy yqe- 
HHi^H ce^aHH ciajiHHJii y noxo^eay niKOJie, Kojy tjaita Ba- 
pomanu Muoro Berne nanymiajy. 

OAHOCHa pacMepa Hswe^y npBor h qeiBpior paspeAa 

6HJia je 3a ^aKe : 

Baporaane Kao 100 : 72 

ceybane „ 100 : 200. 
HHiepecHH cy noAamH o ^ikom y3pacTy, Koje hbho- 
CHMO y OBOM npeMCAy. 



92 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTA.BE V KPA^bEBHHH CPBHJH 





^ 


™ 


EPOJ -BAKA KOJII CV HMAJH | 


HHHtt: THMHASHJE 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 '18 19 


20 


BHIDE OA 
20 


r A H B 


A 


npBa (JeorpaACKa. . 


24 


26 33 25|25 


16 


18 


9 


b 


6 


Apyra 6eorpaACBa 






19 


3114 2019 


16 


17 


4 


5 


i — 


Ba^eBCEa . . 






4 


310, 9 1 


2 


2 


— 


— 


; — 


JaroAHHCKa. . 






7 


14 


6' 8 


7 


1 


2 


1 


— 


— 


KpymeBaqna . 






4 


3 


1213 


9 


6 


2 


— 


2 


— 


HeroTBHCKa . 






5 


9 


1010 


3 


3 


4 


1 


— 


— 


nosapeBa^sa 






13 


7 


1210 7 


1 


1 


2 


1 


— 


ysH^sa . . . 






2 


7 


1610|1510 


7 


5 


— 


— 


madaqsa . . . 






15 


17 


92812 


6 


— 


— 


— 


- 1 



y CBHX A^Bei HHSHX rHMHasMJa 6hjio je A&sjie ^ana 

no yapacxy: 

CBera y npoiteHxy 

y 12. roAHHH 93 

„ 13. „ .... 

. 14. . .... 

. 15. , .... 

.16. , .... 

« 17. „ .... 

„ 18. . .... 

.19. , .... 

.20. , .... 



CTapHJax 0^ 20 roAHna . . 
Csera 

Oa obhx ^aKa (5h;io je 

CBera 

y flpoHHCHOj roAHHH yapacTa . 610 
CTapHJHX 106 



93 


12-98 


117 


16-34 


122 


17-04 


128 


17-88 


98 


13-70 


61 


8-52 


53 


7-40 


22 


3-07 


16 


2-23 


6 


0-84 


716 


10000 


y npoi^eHiy 


i 


35-20 




14-80 



CTAlbE JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHU CPBHJH 



9a 



y cTapHJBM paspeAHHa onnAa 6poj l^ana c npouHCHun 
roAHHaiia yspacTa, a pacie 6poj ohux, rojh cy npemJiH Te 
roAHHe. 

TaKO ()HJio je ^aKa y cbhx A^Bei hh»hx rniiHasHJa, h to: 

y PASPBAy 
I. II. III. IV. 







C B 


era 


y npOHHCHOJ rOAHHH 


. 268 


133 


118 91 


crapHJHX . . . 


. 18 


24 


32 32 




y 


n p 


It E B T y 


y nponHCBOJ roAiHH 


. 93-70 


84-71 


78-67 73-98 


exapHJnx . . . 


. 6-30 


15-26 


21-33 26-02 



KaA nopeAiiMO npBE paspoA c octejlhh paspeAHHa, OHAa 
HajiasHHO, jifi, je na cro ^aRa OBora paspeAa 6h;io })aRa 

y PASPBAy 

II. in. IV. 
y nponHCHoj roAHHH .... 90 84 79 

cxapHJftx 243 339 413 

TaRo cy hcto BejiHRe pas^iHRe y obom norjieAHMa, H3Mel)y 

nOJeAHHHX HHKHX THMHaSHJa, Rao niTO Ce to BHAH H3 OBOr 

nope^efta. 



IIpoi^eHaT ^sa 






y EHsoj rHMHasHJH: y npouHCHoj foahbh 


CTapHJHX 




H 3 H C E 


j e 


nXa^a^Koj . . . 


98-78 


1-22 


HeroTHBCKOj . . 


97.78 


2-22 


BajbeBCEOJ .... 


96-77 


3-23 


JaroAHHCBOj .... 


93-48 


6-52 


noatapesaiEoj . . . 


90-74 


9-26 


KpymeBaqKoj . . . 


88-24 


11-76 


YataqKoj 


80-56 


19-44 


IIpBoj (JeorpaACKOj . . 


79-47 


20-53 


Apyroj (JeorpaACKOj . 


75-17 


24-83 



94 



CTAILE JABHE HACTABE V KPA^EBHHH CPBHJH 



yqeHHKa, KOJH cy upeniJiH uponHcny roAHHy yapacxa, 
6vA0 je HajBBrae y o(Je (JeorpaACKe HH«e rHiiBasMJe, a y ma- 
6aqK0J HFaoj rHMHasHJH 6viA0 je xaKHX yqeniiKa najnaifce. 

Ociaje jom a^ bmahmo 6poj ^aKa no noKanaHOM ycnexy. 



BPOJ "BAKA 



HHHCE THMHASHJE 




22 

5 18! 8'— 
13 :20|l0 2 
11 18 6 — 



= 



IIpBa 6eorpaACKa 

/l,pyra 6eorpaACKa 

BajbeBCKa — 

JaroAHBCKa 1 

KpymeBaqKa 4 

HeroTHBCKa ........ 2 j 14 il7|12 

IIoaiapeBaqKa 310 11:62 

YacinKa 25 ; 25 122 - 

Ula^aMKa 1 30 51 — ! — 

IIpeMa Tone 6eao je l)aKa 

no yciiexy: CBera y nponeBiy 

OAJIHMBHX 51 8*21 

Bpjio Ao6pBX 193 31-08 

Ao6pHX 281 45-25 

cm6hx 84 13-52 

p^aBHx 12 1*93 

Ha CTO 0AJ1H1BBX, Bp;io A0(5pHX H AO(JpHX yqeBiiKa 
AOjiasHjio je 18 c^a6HX h pljaBHX. 

IIpoceqBa oi^BBa sa cBe yqeHHse ebshx rnMBa3BJa it3- 
BOCH AaKJie caMo 3*3 

HflxepecaB je h OBaj uper^eA, y komc je Ha^ioaeBo, 
KOJiHKO je \)?iKSL yMM.io y CBHMa BHatHM rHMBaanjaMa h3 cua- 
Kor ^oce6H^e oKpyra. 



CTaH>C jabhe hactabe y kpa.&ebuhh cpbhjki 



95 



BPOJ "BAKA y CBHMA 


IIH9RHM 1 

BAPO- 
' nlAHA 


rHMUASHJAUA ' 

CBAAHA CBEPA , 

1 


< 

i 

O 

a. 
c 


po-BEHiix y oKpyry 


A^ieKCHRaqKOM . . . 6 


2 


8 1 


1-12 


BeorpaACKOM 






3 


14 


17 


2-37 


Ba^eecKOM . 






26 


11 


37 


5-17 


JarOAHHGKOM 






. i 33 


14 


47 


1 6-57 


KftameeaqKOM . 






' 6 


5 


11 , 


1-54 


KparyjeBaqKOM 






. i; 11 


17 


28' 


3-91 


KpaJHHCKOM • 






. II 30 


7 


37 1 


5-17 


KpyraeBaqKOM 






1 29 


9 


38 


5-31 


HOAPHHCKOM . 








! 3 


6 


9 


1-26 


no;KapeBaqKOM 








i 39 


19 


58 : 


8-10 


PVAHH^KOM . 








' 6 


17 


23 


3-21 


CMCAepBBCKOM , 








i 9 


4 


13 ; 


1-82 


TlynpHJCKOM . . 








! 19 


7 


26 


3-63 


yatniKOM . . 






i; ^^ 


30 


75 


10-47 


D^pHOpe^KOM 






! 6 

ii 


6 


12 


1-67 


^aqaHCKOM . . 






11 


13 


24 


3-35 


IIIa6aMK0M . 






, 52 


22 


74 


10-33 


y BeurpaAY . 






I 129 


— 1 


129 


18-02 


y Apyrg Kojoj AP»aBH, 


: 34 


16 : 


50 


6-98 


Csera . 








497 


219 


716 


10000 



J[aKM H y HHatHM rMMHasHJaMa 6hjio je HaJBHrae yqe- 
HHKa M3 Beorpa^a, a 3a thm h3 OKpyra: yatH^Kor h raa- 
6aiKor. HaJMaae hx je 6hjio h3 OKpyra: ajieKCHHaiKor h 
noApuHCKor. 

IIoAamH 3a mKo;iCKy 1878-79. roAHHy cboab ce na 
HaJMaay Mepy, jep oceM 6poja ynncanHX l^aKa HuaMO iiOAaxKe 
caMo TOMe, kojihko je IjaKa h c KaKBHM ycnexoM cBpraiiJio 
HH3Ke rHMHa3HJe y xoj foahhu. 



96 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABL V KPA^EBHHH CPBIfJH 



KojiHKo je ^aKa y toj toahbh ynncaHO y kojm paspeA, 
a KOJIHKO Hx je onex hctb paapeAe CBprnojio, y cBaKOJ hh- 
xoj ruHHasHJH fia no ce, bhah ce h3 osor nper;i6Aa. 



num. ErHMHASHJE 


i: 


B 


p 


J 'B A K A |( 


1 V 


nOMETKy ] 


rOAHHE 1 


HA KPAJ 
V P A3 P 


IF rOAHHB H 


|i y 


p A a 


PEA 


" 1! 


i 


B A y 1 


•< 
OB 


I. 


II. 1 


III. 


IV. 1 


o 


I. Lii. III. IV. 1 


IIpBa (JeorpaACKa 


81 


40 


30 


46 


1 

197 


1 1 1 

55 33| 20|18 


126 


Apyra „ 


84 


36' 


24 


31 


175 

1 


62 


33 19 28 


142 


BajbeBcsa . . 


1 42 


10 


13 


4 


69 


31 


9 10! 3 


53 


JaroAHHCsa 


1 27 


18 


11 


_l 


56 


24 


14 


11- 


49 


KpymeBaqsa 


24 


16 


17 


7 


64' 


23 


16 


16| 6 


61 


HeroTBHCsa 


39 


11 


12 


^ 


66 


30 


9 


12| 2 


53 


nosapesa^Ea . 


45 


17 


4 


7 


73 


38 


16 


3| 7 


64 


CueAepeBCKa . 


37 


15 


9 


— 


61 


32 


13 


9|- 


54 


y»EqKa . . 


14 


25 


16 


17 


72 


10 


23 


1513 


61 
38 


^aqaacKa . . 


21 


13 


8 


— • 


42 


18 


12 


8- 


I]Ia($avEa . . 


39 


35 


21 


19 


114 


33 


32, 19 


19 


103 


Csera . . 


453 


236 


165 


135 


,989 


356 


210 

1 


142 


96 


804 



Oa cto ynHcaHHX yqeHHKa ocTaBH.io je y le^ajy roAHHe 
paapeA^ 

npBH ftHX 21 

ApyrH „ 11 

TpeLH „ 14 

leTBpTH „ 29 

y onniTe . . , . . « 19 

y nojeAHHMM HHa^HM rHMHasHJaHa Ae^nAHT yqeHHKa 6ho 
je OBaj. 

Oa cto ynHcaHHX yqeHHKa ocxaBHJio je y xeqajy ro- 
AHHe HH2Ky THMHaSHJy: 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE y KPA^EBUHH CPBHJU 



97 



KpyraeBaqKj b>hx 

UlatfaqKy , 

HaqaHCKy „ 

HoaiapeBaqKy „ 

CueAepeBCKy „ 

JaroAMHCKy „ 



5 

10 
10 
12 
12 
12 
15 
19 
20 
23 
36 



Apyry 6eorpa^cKy .... 

HeroTHHCKy , 

BaAeBCKy „ 

IIpBy (JeorpaACKy .... , 
yspoitHMa, 36or kojhx cy ^a^H ocTaBHJiH niKOJiy y 
1878-79. roAHHH, HeMaMO noAaiaKa, le c xora ociaje He- 
o6jafflH»eH OBaj BejiHKH ry^HxaK ^Ka, Hapo^iHTo koa npBe 
OeorpaACKe flHa^e reMHasEJe. 

3a 1878-79. roAHHy Hiaiio noAaxKe o (Jpojy l^ana no 
noKaaaHOM ycuexy, Koje hshochmo y obom nperjieAy. 





E P 


J -B A K A 


HH}KE THMHASHJE 


U 

o 


M >i yr ■ X 

O S S - S 
"t a, :. -^ ^ 
0. W :J < < 
a o o -1 ii 

«t i -? t^ fl. 


npBa 6eorpaACKa 


9 


31 


6319 


4 


/Ipyra (JeorpaACKa 




■ 






I ^ 


26 


85 26 


2 


BaAeBCKa . . . 




• 






' 5 


14 


1915 


— 


JaroAHHCKa 






> 






i — 


17 


24 


8-1 


KpyraeBauKa . 






. 






3 


10 


40 


8 


- 


HeroTBHCKa . , 






> 






' 3 


10 31 


6 


q 


UosapeBa^Ba 






. 






3 


22 30 


8 


1 


CneAepeBCKa . . 






• 






, 2 


16 


18 


9 


9 


y»HqKa. . . 






• • 






1 16 


19 22 


4 


— 


HaqaHCKa . . . 






. « 






5 


7 20 


6 




IIIa6aqKa . . . 






• 






7 


31 


52 


13 


— 



r,uCHiiK LXX 



98 CTAIbE JABHE HACTABE Y KPA.l>EBHHH CPBHJH 

Bhjio je ARKAQ y cbhx je^anaecT hhs^mx rHMHasHJa ^asa: 

CBera y npoijeHTy 

OA^HTOHx 56 6*97 

Bpjio A0(5pHX .... 203 25*25 

Ao6pHX 404 50-25 

c;ia6HX 122 15-17 

pl,aBHx 19 2-36 

Ha CTO OA^H^HHX, Bpjio A0(5pHX H A0(5pBX ^aKa AO- 

;ia3H0 je no 21 Ma6 h p^aB l^aR. 

PasMepa Ao6pHx ^aKa tfijia je 1877-78. roAHne no- 

BOAHHJa OA OBe y roAHHH 1878-79. 

BeorpaACKa peajiKa HMajia je 1877-78. roAHHe 
^aRa 

y uo^eTKy Ha Kpajy 

y paapeAy: r o a h h e 

TpeLeM ,14 12 

qeTBpTOM 14 10 

neTOM 7 5 

niecTOM 13 10 

ceAMOM 7 7 

Csera 55 44 

IIpoi^eHaT jqeHHRa, rojh cy niRo;iy ocraBn^H, hshocho 
je AaKJie 20. 

no noxo^efty nreojie 6hjio je ^asa 

y PABPEAy 

III. IV. V. VI. VII. CBera y npoAeHTy 

BpAO MapAHBHX .36241 16 20-09 

MapAHBMx ... 5 4 5 7 4 25 45-45 

HeMapAHBHx . . 5 3 — — — 8 14*55 

Bpjio HenapAHBHx 1 1 — 2 2 6 10-91 



CTAH»E JABHE HACTABE V KPA^EBHHH OPBiUH 99 

no yspacTj 6iiA0 je ^ana 

KOJH cy HMa;in CBera y npouenxy 

AO 14 roAena 3 6*82 

« 15 . 2 4-55 

,16 , 12 27-27 

, 17 „ 5 11-36 

. 18 , 7 15-91 

, 19 , 7 15-91 

, 20 , 5 11-36 

npeKO 20 « 3 6-82 

Me^y OBHM ^aitHMa ($HJia cy caiLO ABoJHiia, e to y YI. 

paapeAy, kojh cy no yspaciy (Jhjih ciapaja ho hito je 3a- 
ROHOM AonymieHO. 

Uo ycnexy 6hjio je y pea^mn ^Ka, h to: 

y pi3PBAy 

III. IV. V. VI. VII. CBera y npoiieHTy 

oAJiH^Hix ... 1 2 1 2 2 8 18-18 

Bpjio Ao6pHX ..43243 16 36-36 

A0(5pHX ... 5 3 2 4 2 16 36*36 

cJ!a6HX .... 2 2 — - — 4 9-10 

FaBMepa HSMe^y npB6 TpH h nocJieAfte RaTeropHJe 6flJia 
je Kao 100 : 10 

no Mecxy pol^e&a 6hjio je ^aKa 
y PA3PEAy 

III. IV. V. VI. VII. cBora y npoueiTy 

BapomaHa ... 10 10 5 9 7 41 93-18 

ce.i>aHa ... 2 1 — 3 6-82 

Hb nojeAHHHx oBpyra 6eao je, h to 

U3 OKpyra: Bapomana cej^ana CBera y npoitenTy 

a^ieKCHHaiKor . . . • 2 — 2 4*55 

jaroAHHCKor . • . • 2 — 2 4-55 

KftaateBaTOor .... 2 — 2 4*55 

KparyjeBa^Eor ... — 1 1 2*27 

7* 



100 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABB y 


KPAAEBHRH CPBUJH 


KpaJBHCBOr . . . 


1 





1 


2-27 


KpymeBaiBor . . . 


1 





1 


2-27 


noxapeBaqsor . . 


. 3 





3 


6-82 


pjAHHqKor . . . 


. 2 





2 


4-55 


CMeAepeBCKor . . . 


. 3 





3 


6-82 


qaqaHCKor .... 


1 





1 


2-27 


malJa^Kor .... 


1 





1 


2-27 


H3 BeorpaAa . . . 


. 21 





21 


47-72 


, AycTpo-YrapcBe . 


. 2 


2 


4 


9-09 


CBera .... 


41 


3 


44 


100-00 



Ha CTO ^ana pol^eHHX y Cp6HJH aomzhao je 10 l^aKa. 
ca CTpaHe. Ha cto ^asa Bapomana xoMdUAO je caMo ce- 
A an ceibaea. 

ToAHHe 1878-79. (Jhjio je y 6eorpaACKOJ pea^mn 
^aKa, H TO y noqexKy na Kpajy niKOJiy je 

y paapeAy: * r o a 

TpeteM 12 

qeiBpioM 17 

neioM 8 

raecTOM , 5 

ceAMOM 8 

Csera 50 

Oa cto ynHcaHHX ^Ka, ocrasHJio je mKOAj y Teqajy ro- 
AHHe ftiix 18. 

Ho ycnexy 6hjio je yqeHHsa 

y PA3PEAy 



H E 


0CTaBH;ia 


11 


1 


13 


4 


5 


3 


5 


— 


7 


1 


41 


9 





m. 


IV. 


V. VI. 


VII. 


CBera 


y npoAenty 


OA^HqHHX . . 


. 2 


2 


1 2 


2 


9 


21-95 


BpjIO A0(5pHX . 


. 4 


3 


2 2 


4 


15 


36-59 


A06pHX . . 


. 5 


7 


2 1 


1 


16 


39-02 


cjia6HX . . 


, — 


1 


— «. 


— — 


1 


2-44 



Ha CTO OAJiHqHHx, Bpjio AO<(pHX H Ao6pHX ^ana AO^a- 
3njia cy caMO Tpn aa($a ^aRa. 



CTAH>E JAAHE HACTABE V KPA^BBHHH CPBHJH 



101 



KoiiHEO je 6hao l^ana y rHMHasHJcKHM peajiRaHa, 
BHAH ce H3 OBor nperjieAa. 







1877-78. r. || 1878-79. r. | 


rMMHA3HJCKE PEA^KE 


BPOJ XAKA II 


1 y PA3PEAJ 


] f y PASPEAV 1 II 


I. II. 


CBBFA 1 - — CBEFA 1 

1 I- n. 1 1 


y noqeiKy roAHHe | 


AjieKCHHaqsa .... 


12 7 


19 


23 


11 34 


3ajeiiapcKa . 




5 9 


14 


28 


8 36 


Eftaa^eBa^Ra 




I 
1 





6! 8 14 1 


•l03HHMEa . 




10 


3 


13 


6 1 6 12 1 


IlapakHHCKa 




! — 


— 


— 


28 


— 28' 


CBHJiaJHHaqKa 




33 5 


38 


13 


21 34 


CiieAepeBCKa 




16 14 


30 


— 


ii 


%qaHCKa . 




18 


8 


26 


i 


1 


1 


Csera 




94| 46 


140 : 104 


54! 


158 


Ha Kpajy roAHne || 


A;ieKCHHaqKa . . . . | 12 7 


19 


20 


9 


29 


3ajeqapcKa . 




3 8 


11 


25 


7 


32 


EH>aa&6BaqRa 




_j _ 


1 

- j 6 


1 

8; 


14 


Ao3HHqRa . . 




s; 3 


11 ' 6 


5 11 


IlapakHHCRa 




1 


— i 24 


-' 24 


CBHjiaJHHaqRa . 




11 


2 


13 


12 


19 31 


CneAepeBCRa. . 




15 


12 


27 


— 





HaqaHCRa . . 




12 


8 


20 


— 


1 


1 CBera 




61 


40 


101 


93 


48' 


141 ] 



Oa cto ynncaEHX y niROJiy l^aRa ociaBHJio je paapeA: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 
HpBH .... 35 10 

ApyrH .... 13 11 

y onniTe . . 28 11 



102 



CTAHiE JABHE HACTABE y KPA.bBBHHH CPBUJII 



Ka^ roAHHy 1878. nopeAHMO c 1879. toahhom, OHAa 
HajiasHMO, Aft J6 OBa 6Hjia hhopo noBO^HHJa oahocho noxo- 
^6H>a niKOJia; jep na cto y^eHHsa, Boju cy ociaBHjiH niKo.Ay 
y Te^ajy 1878. roAHne, AOJiasHJio je 39 laKHX y^enHKa y 
roAHHH 1879. 

y nojeAHHHM rHMHaBHjcBHH peaJiKaMa MHoro je BapHpao 
npoiieHaT ohhx y^eHHKa, bojh cy y Teqajy roAnne msojiy 
ocTaBHJiH. TaRO H3H0CHO je xaj npoi^enaT 



rHHHasHJCKoj peajii^H 

AjieKCBHaqKoj 
3ajeqapcK0J . 

^OSHHqROJ . 
IlapaiiHHCBOJ 



r A H H E 

1878. 1879. 

(cBpniH./iH cbh) H*71 
2143 IMl 

15-38 8-33 

— 14-29 

65-79 8-82 

CueAepeBCKoj . . 10*00 jo6e niEOJie npeTBopene 
HaqaecKOJ . . . 23-07 ley y BH«e rHMHasHJe. 
Efta^eBaqna rHHHasHJcRa peajiRa HSOCTaBJbeHa je hb 
OBor nperjiCAa 3a to, hito je y 1878. roAHHH 3(5or pai- 
Hora ciaiLa 6fljia saTBopena, a y 1879. roAHHii CBprnnjiH 
cy Ty fflROjiy cbh yqeeHUR, rojh cy 6i/iAii y iiCTy ynHcanii. 

no ycaexy 6hjio je yqennRa y CBHHa rHHaasHJCRHx pe- 
ajiRaMa 





c B e 


r a 


y npoACHTy 




1878. r. 


1879. 


r. 1878. r. 1879. 


0AJIH1HHX . . 


7 


13 


6-93 9-22 


Bp40 AO(ipHX . 


. 34 


48 


33-66 34-04 


A0(5pBX . . . , 


51 


60 


50-50 42.55 


c4a(5HX . , . 


9 


18 


8-91 12-77 


pl^aBHX . . . . 


— 


2 


— 1-42 


7 onmTe . 


101 


141 


100*00 100-00 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA^BBHHH CPBHJH 



103 



ToAHHe 1878. pecyjixai l^aiKor ycnexa 6ho je y on- 
mie 6oji>vL oa pecyjixaia y 1879. toahbh. Jep KaA OA^H^ne, 
Bp./io Ao6pe H Ao6pe yieHBKe nopeAHMO c yqeHimHMa aa- 

6li1iy OAHOCHO p^BHH, OHAa Ha^aSHMO, AA J6 Ha CTO npBHX 

AOJiasHJio OBHX ApyrHX y toaheh 

1878 10 

1879 17 

no paspeAHMa 6hjio je y CBHMa rHMnasHJCKHH peaJinaMa 
^asa, n to : 

1877-78. r. 1878-79. r. 



y 


p k 


3 P S 


A y 


I. 


II. 


I. 


II. 




C B 


ETA 




3 


4 


9 


4 


17 


17 


28 


20 


34 


17 


45 


15 


7 


2 


10 


8 


— 


— 


1 


1 


y 


n p 


A E H 


T y 


4-92 


10-00 


19-68 


8-33 


27-87 


42-50 


39-11 


41-67 


55-74 


42-50 


48-39 


31-25 


11-47 


5-00 


10-75 


16-67 


— 


— 


107 


2-08 



OA^HqHHX . 
BpJlO A06pHX 
A06pHX . . 

cjiaOux . . 
p^aBHX . 



OMH^HHX 
BpJlO A06pRX 
AOtfpHX . . 

(Ma6Hx . . 

P^BHX . . 

EaA H OBAe OA^flue, Bp;io Ao6pe h AoCpe yqeHHse 
nopeAHio c yqeHHqHMa Cjia^HH, OHAa HSJiasi, Aa je y o6e 
roAirae aiao I. paspeA roroBo noAJeAHaK npoqeHar cJiaOax 
^Ka; y U. naK paapeAy 6iaao je 1879. roAHHe mhIJbx ^Ka 
CKopo net nyia BHme ho y roAHHH 1878. 

SaKBo je 6hjio y oboi norjieAy era&e y nojeAHHHi 
saBOAHMa, BiA^ ee ez oBor nper.ieAa. 



104 



CTAH>B JABHE HACTABE V KPA.&EBHHH CPEHJH 









U77- 


78 r. 1878-79 r. | 




E P 


J *& A K A II 


rilMHAi^lIJCHi; PE\M 


:e| . K 


M 


M 


Si K H 1 H 


H 




F . S 


a 


a 


5 5* ^ 1 a , s 1 s 


a 




= S o £ 


fr 


tf 


5 ii = t< ' o ft. 


a. ;j 


a 




-t a ^ ta 


u 


< 


< -n s 1 i^ tf 


ts < 


< 




•< » . ^ o 


o 


5 


P ! -< a 1 2 o 


o , ^ 


la 




O " e < 


•< 


0. || o 1 a •< 


•< o 


flu 


— — ' 


Tl 


7 


9 


. 


' 


6 


6 17 — 


— 


3aJ*.^^apcKa 




2 


5 


4 





— 


1 


U15 2 

1 


1 


KitaaieBa^iti* 




— 


1 
1 





— 


: — 


7 42 


1 


^losHiPiEa . 




• 1' " 


3 8 





-i 1 


6 


1 3 


— 


napakuHCKa 




1 — 


1 


— ; 3 


7 


12, 2 


— 


CuiLiiijnna^Fca 




■ — 


3 7 


3-1 3 


8 


111 ^-11 


CMeaepeBCKa 




1 — 


1212 


3-1 - 

, 1 


— -!-|| 


^aqancKa . 




2 


4|ll 


3 




1 




, 


-1 



Kao mio cmo Hanpe^ Bet cnoMenyjiH, oTBopena je y 
noqoTKy niKOJicKe 1879. roAHne y HnpoTy TprosaqKo- 
3aHaT^HJcsaniRo;ia. Te roAHHe BMa;ia je oea mRo;ia 
caMO je^aH paspeA. ^ hikojih npeAasa.ia cy nponncHe npeA- 
Mexe ABa cyn^ieHTa h jeAaH yqHieA. YnHcaHO je y niKOAy 
12 ^aKa, OA kojhx je csprnHJio npsH paspeA h»bx jeAa- 
HaecT. 

Oa thx 11 l^aKa noKaaajio je ycnex: 

OA^HqaH RHX 3 HJiH 27*27 npoiieHaTa 

Bpjio Ao6ap .... „ 3 „ 27-27 

Ao6ap „ 4 „ 36-36 „ 

cjia6 ^ 1 „ 9-10 „ 

Hs CBera ao caA HaseAeHor bhah ce, Aa je y raMHa- 
3HJaMa H pea./iEaMa 6ho y noqeiKy 1877-78. roAHHe cBera 
1.641 l^aK, H Aa je y thm mso^iaMa ocxa^io ao spaja Hcxe 
roAHHe 1.265. ^ana. 

KojiHKo je l)aKa 6hjio y CBaKOM nocefiHiie paspeAy, bhah 
Ci' H3 OBor npexAeAa. 



CTAH>E JABHE H ACT ABE V KPA^bEBHHH CPBHJH 



105 



in K O ^ E 



P A 3 P E A y 



I. II. m. IV. V. VI. vn.l 



CBEFA 



y no^exEy roAHHe 



rHMHasHje . . . 
RiAme THMHasHje. . 
Beorpa^^CRa pea^iKa, 
rHMflasHjcKe pea^Ke. 
Csera . . . 



THMHasHJe . . . 
Hsa^e FHHHasHJe 
BeorpaACKa pea^Ka. 
rHMHasHJGice peayise. 
Csera . . . 



821 87 

158 129 

U 14 

— I — 



129 



76 



1591 84 
3131182 

94 46 
566 312 254 230 136 89 



7 13 



47 



54 





Ha Kpajy 


roAHHe 


122 


75 70 


64 


79 


49 


40 


241 


140,131 


109 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


12 


10 


5 10 


i 


61 


40 — 


— 


— — 


1 

1 


424 


255 


213 


183 


84 


59 


47 



664 

782 

55 

140 

1641 



499 

621 

44 

101 

1265 



d 



IIpeMa Tone bbhocho je y CBHMa obbh msoMMa rydHias 
^Ka, T. j. OHBX, KOJH cy niKo^iy HanycxBJia, b to y paspeAy: 
IIpBOM 25*19 upoqeBaTa 



ApyroM . . . . 


. 18-27 


TpekeM . . . 


. 16-14 


^exBpTO* . . . 


. . 2043 


HexoM .... 


. . 38-24 


UleCTOM . . . 


. . 33-71 


CeAMOM . . . 


. . 12-96 


y onrnxe . . 


. 22-91 



HaJBHine yqeHHKa H3ry6H;iH cy paape^: neiH h raecTir, 
a HaJMaH>e cbamh paapeA. 

YapoaH, ca kojhx cy to^heh ^a^H HanycTHjin cpeAfte 
mKo;ie, a HapoiflTO paapeAe neiH ii mecxH, mhc^hmo Aa cy 
y HeAOBo.MOH ycuexy/ 



106 CTAIbB JABHE HACTABE y KPA4>BBMHH CPBHjli 

Ho ycnexy 6b;io je l^aKa: 

yrHMHasHJaiia . 28 172 175 106 1 17 499 

^ HM»HM rHMflasHJaMa 51 193 281 84 12 — 621 

I, tfeorpa^CKOj pea^UH 8 16 16 4 — — 44 

„rHMHa3. pea^iKaia 7 34 51 9— — 101 

Csera . . 94 415 523 203 13 17 1265 

y flPoiiEHTy 

y THMHasHJaMa . 5*60 3440 35-20 21-20 0-20 3-40 100 
„ HH»HMrHMHa3HJaMa8-21 31-08 45-25 13-52 1-93 — 100 
«6eorpaA. pea^^H 18-18 36-36 36*36 9-10 — — 100 
^ THMHas. peaAKaMa 6-93 33-66 5050 891 — — 100 
CBera • . 7-43 32-81 41-34 16-05 103 1-34 lOO 

HajnoBOibHHJy pasMepy OA^HqHHX, Bpjio A0(5pHx h ao- 
6piix ^ana Ha^asHMo koa 6eorpaACKe peajise h rHMHasHJcsHX 
peajiaRa ; jep je y thm mRO^aMa AOJiasHJio na cto V^Ra OBe 
RaTeropHJe caMo no a^cbt c^atfHX h pl^annx l^aRa. 3a HHa^e 
THMHasHJe 6Hjia je xa pasnepa Rao 100 : 18, a sa rUMHa- 
3HJe Rao 100 : 33. 

no paspeAHMa 6eao je l^aRa y CBHMa HaBeAeHHM iqro- 
.laMa, H TO 



Y paapeAj: 


o 




M 

a 
< 


M 

s 

< 

3 


X 

S 
09 

< 

fiU 


§ i 






C 


B E 


r 


A 




I 


. 21 


101 


201 


84 


13 


4 


II 


. 17 


83 


112 


42 


— 


1 


Ill 


. U 


88 


94 


17 


— 


— 


IV 


. 23 


72 


65 


20 


— 


3 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE y KPA4>EuriHH CPBHJH 



107 



V. 

VI. 

VII. 



8 
6 
6 



4-95 
6-67 
6-57 
12-57 
9-52 



28 

20 

24 

n I 
23-82 
32-55 
41-32 
39-34 
33-33 
33-90 
51-06 



I. . . . 
II. . . 

III. . . . 

IV. . . . 
Y. . . . 

VI 10-17 

VII 12-77 

Ha CTO OAJiHqHHX, Bpjo Ao6pHX H Ao(!pHx Ijasa 40- 
A&azAO je wadnx h pl>aBHX y paapeAj; 
npBOM 
APF0« 



23 

17 

12 

] 
47-41 
43-92 
44-13 
35-52 
27-38 
28-81 
25-53 



20 

12 

5 

E 

19-81 
16-47 
7-98 
10-93 
23-82 
20-34 
10-64 



- 5 

— 4 



H 



T 

3-07 



0-94 
0-39 

1-64 
5-95 
6-78 



TpeteM 

^eTBpTOlI 
lleTOM . 

UlecTOi 
CeAJJOM , 



31 
20 
9 

14 
42 
37 
12 



HajnoBOAHOjy paaiiepy Ha.ja3Hiio y xpetei, qaTBproi 
H ceAMOM paspeAy; aokjic je Ha npoxHB y pa.3peAna: neroa 
H mecTos ($0;io cjiatfax ^Kape ^aTBBHo BBme Hero h y npsoa 
paapoAy. 

y npBoi paspeAy hm cjiadHX ^sa HajBine 3a to, 
mxc Tamo A0.ia3B BckHHa c HeAOBo.i.Ho« nperxo.iHoi capeios. 

y nerom paapCAy oBa ee nojasa aoHaK.M, jep 1 y Taj 
paspeA AOJiaae iHorH ^iMi »» Apynx sasoAa. 

EoABKO je OuAo l^aca y cpe.iH.HS BEO^uia 1S7S-79. 
ruAiHe, BHAH ee h3 oBor npeweAa. 



110 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPAAEBHHH CPBllJH 

Ha CTO OA^^HHX, Bp;io Ao6pHX h Ao6pHX ^asa AO^a- 
^asH^io je cJia^HX h p^aniix: 

y THiiHasHJaMa 27 

r HHa^BM rQMHasHJaMa .... 21 
„ (JeorpaACKOJ peajiiyi .... 3 
„ rnnHasEJCRliM peajisaia ... 17 
., iproBaqKo-aaHaTJiHJcKoj mnoAin . 10 

y omnTe 22 

HajnoBOJbHHJe pasiiepe HMaMo roa 6eorpaACKe peaAse 
H TproBaHRo-saHaTAHJcse niBOJie, a to AOAasH otja^ nrro je 
y o6e mROAe cpasMepHo Bp;io Ma./iH ($poj ^asa. 

KaA 1878. roAHHy nopeAHMO c roAHHOM 1879. OHAa 
HajiasHMo, Aa ry sa cse OBe niBOAe 6em y nojeAHHHi Ka- 
TeropHJaMa ose OAHocHe pasiiepe, h to boa l^aKa: 

OAAH^HHX Kao 100 : 94 

Bpjio Ao6pHX .... ^ 100 : 83 

A0(5pHX „ 100 : 115 

cm(5bx „ 100 : 103 

p^aBHX „ 100 : 172 

Obo aoboaho AOKaayje, a* je 1879. roAHne ycnox ^ana 
6ho y onme aohihjh. 

HMaMO join a* AOA^mo, kojihbo je y 1879. roAHHH h3- 
AaTO H3 AP^ABHe sace na UJiaTO HacxaBHUKa rHMHasHjcBHx 
H peaJiHHx msojia. 

TaKo M3AaT0 je y Toj toahbh HacTaBEmHia 
rHMBasHJa : A h h a p i 

BeorpaACKe 59.470-39 

KparyjoBa^Ke 43.280*17 

HHfflKe 5.112-61 

HH9Bnx FHMHaSBJa: 

IIpBe (JeorpaACKe 20.733*34 

Apyre „ 19.477-38 

Ba.«,eBCBe 12.841-02 

JaroAHHCBe 7.451*62 



CTAH>B JABHE HACTABE V KPA^EBHHH CPBHJU 111 

KpyraeBa^Ke 16.754*56 

HeroTHHCKe 14.576-06 

HoffiapeBaqKe 19.201-82 

CMeAepeBCEe 10.091-90 

Ymmne 14.583-28 

^aqancKe 8.468-32 

UlatfaqKe 18.540-35 

BeorpaACKe pea^iEe 28.781-35 

rnMHaSHJCBHX peajLEKa: 

A.ieKCHHaqKe 5.141-64 

3ajeqapcKe 5.963-37 

KftaaLeBaTOe 4.013*18 

^osHHqKe 5.924-62 

IlapatiHHCKe 3.145-40 

CBH.iaJMHaqKe 5.010-94 

TproBaqRo-saHaTJiHJcKe niKOAe y IlHpoTy 3.607*18 
HsAaxo je csera HacxasHHipcMa : 

rHMHasHJa 107.863-17 

Hh»hx rHMHasHJa 162.7 1365 

PeajiHHX niKOJia 58.480*50 

TproBaqKO-sanaMEJCKe nreoAo . . . 3.607*18 

y onmxe 332.164*50 

ApyrHM HSAaiiBMa, Ha ocTa./ie noTpe6e obex mKOAn, 
noAaitH HaM He AOCTajy. 

T Bnma »eeHCBa niKOJia. 

HacTaBHBqRO 0Go6jbe cacroja^o ce y oboj hiso^u 

1878. r. 1879. r. 

H3 ynpaBHTeAKe 1 1 

„ KAUREX yquTBibHEia ... 6 8 

, y^nTeJb1/i^SL BeniTHHa h jeaaBa. 7 3 

„ xoHOpapHHX npeAanaqa. . . 6 8 

Csera 20 20 



112 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAvi>EBHHH CPBUJH 



KojiHKo je 6h;io y^enHcia y o(5e roAnne h y cBaKOM 
Ha no ce paspe^y, bhah ce h3 oBor nperjieAa. 



P A 3 P E 4 


1877-78. 


roA. 


II 1878-79. 


roA. 


B P 


J y 


q B u u q 


A 


y no- 


HA 


KOJE cy 


\\y no- 


BA 


KOJE cy 




METKy 


KPAjy 


0CTABH4B 


1 qETKF 


KPAJy 


OCTABIUB 


1 


r A U H E 




i| r 4 H H B 




IIpBH ... 


! 
84 71 


13 


1 92 


82 


10 


ApyrH . . . 


37! 34 


3 


' 49 


44 


5 


TpeLH . . . 


41 1 35 


6 


36 31 


5 


^eiBpiH . . . 


38 37 


1 


j 36 34 


2 


IleTH .... 


— — 


— 


: 26 1 26 


— 


Csera . . 


200 


177 


23 


i239|217 


22 



IIpoiieHaT yqeHHita, Koje cy y xeqajy ro^HHe ocraBHJie 
AOTHwe paape^e, hshocho je, h to 

y paapeAy: 1878. r. 1879. r. 

npBOM ..:.... 15-48 10-87 

ApyroM 919 10-20 

TpeLeM 14'63 13-89 

^exBpTOM 2*63 6-56 

IleTOM , . — — 

y onmTe .... 11'50 9*20 
KaA o(5e roAHHe Mel^y co6om nopeAHMo, bhah ce, a«' 
je y 1879. toaheh ocTaBH.ao paapeA I. h HI. Maae, a II. 
H IV. Ha npoTHB BHrae y^eHHiia ho y toahhh 1878. 

3a 1878. roAHfly hmriio noAaiKe h o yspoiiHia, 8(5or 
EOJHX cy y^enfme niKo^iy ociaBHJie. TaKo ociaBHJie cy niKOJiy: 
3 3(5or 6o;iecTH, 
5 je HCKibyieHO, 
1 je yMpjia, a koa 
14 yqeHHiia yapoiiH ocrajiH cy HenosHaxH. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 113 

Hpena Tone hshocu npoi(eHaT yqenima, Koje cy niKO.iy 
HanycTBJie : 

36or CMpTH ....... 4*35 

36or tfojiecTH 13-04 

3(5or HCKJbyqeRa . . . . 21*74 
H3 pasHMX yspoKa .... 60*87 
Ho iioxol^efty mEc/ie (Jhjio je yqeeHi^a 
y Pi3PEAy 
L XL III. IV. CBera 

Bp^o MapwMBHX . 23 7 6 4 40 

MapjbHBHX ... 13 3 5 5 26 

HeiiapitHBHX ... 21 S 9 8 46 

Bpjio HeMapitHBHX 27 19 21 21 88 

IIpeMa TOMe hshocho je npoiteHaT yqeHHiia 

y PA3PBAy 

I. II. III. IV. y onmTe 
Bpjo Map^bHBHX . 27-38 18-92 14-63 10-53 20-00 
MapjbHBHX . . . 15-48 8-11 12*20 13-16 13-00 
HeMapAHBHX . . 25*00 21-62 21*95 21*05 23-00 
Bp;io HeMapjbHBHx 32*14 51*35 51*22 55-26 44-00 

BeoMa je HHiepecHO, KaKO y CTapHJHM pa3peAHMa (5poj 
h^AO Map.iHBHX yqeHHita onaAa, a Ha npoTHB 6poj Bpjio He- 
MapAHBHX oneT pacTe. TaKo KaA Bpjio MapAHBe h MapjbBBe 
yqeHHAe iiopbaumo c yqenHAaMa HeMapAHBHM h Bp.io HeMap- 
wMBHM, MH Hajia3HMo, j\SL je Ha CTO npBHX (5h^o obhx Apy- 
rax y pa3peAy: 

IIpBOM 133 

ApyroM 270 

TpeheM 273 ^ 

^eTBpTOM 322 

y onmTe . . . 203 

raACHUK LXX ^^ 



114 



CTAtbB JABHE HACTABB V KPA4>EBHHH CPBHJH 



no ao6h yspacra 6hjio je y Bflmoj seHCBoj hibojih 
yqeHHija, 







ypisPEAy 






Boje cy J 


BMa./ie : 


I. U. 


ni. IV. 


CBera 


y npoiieHTy 


11 


roAHHa . . 


18 — 


— — 


18 


1017 


12 


n 


20 7 


— — 


27 


15-25 


13 


» • ' 


18 12 


5 — 


35 


19-78 


14 


V • ' 


9 11 


22 i 


46 


26-00 


15 


» • 


, 6 3 


6 10 


25 


14-12 


16 


» 


. — 1 


2 13 


16 


9-04 


17 


» • 


— — 


— 7 


7 


3-95 


18 


» • 


— — 


— 2 


2 


1-13 


19 


» • 


— — 


— 1 


1 


0-56 



KaA y^eHHiie no yspacxy noAe^aMO y abb EaieropHJe, 
CTaBAajytH y npny one y^eHRAe, Koje HHcy npeniAe nponH- 
cay roAHHy ciapocTH, y Apyry naK cne ciapHJe yqeHHiie, mu 
OHAa najiasHMO, a& j^ ^^^o yqeHHi^a: 

I. p. II. p. III. p. IV. p. y onrnxe 



C B E r 


A 


ca npoHHCHOM roAHHOM 56 30 33 27 


146 


CTapnJHX .... 15 4 2 10 


31 


n p a E H A 


T 


ca npouHCHOM roAHHOM 78-87 8824 94-29 72*97 


82-49 


mpHiHX . . . 21-13 11-76 5-71 27-03 


17-51 



^exBpTH paspoA HMao je pejiaTHBHo HaJBHine y^enHiia, 
KOJe cy 6Hjie no yspaciy cTapHJe, ho dito to saKOH Aony- 
niTa. Me^y thm y laj paspeA AOAase h OHe yqeHHue, Koje 
cy y ApyrHM MecTHMa CBpmHjie Tpetn paapeA rHMnasHJe. Y 
Te naK mKOAe, Kao mio je iioaHaxo, npHMajy ce ^aiin j\,o 
15. roAHHe ^apncia, AOKJie na npoTHB yieHHite npsor paa- 
peAa Bfiffle atOHCKe niKOJie ne cMejy (5hth cxapHJe oa 13 
roAHHa. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA-bEflHHH CPBHJM 



115 



no lecTj pol^efta (Jhjio je y BHraoj ateHCKoj hiko^h 
yqeHMita, pol^eHHx y 



OEpyry : 






BapomH 


ce.iy 


y omnie 


AjeKCHHaqKOM .... 1 


— 


1 


BeorpaACBOM 






— 


1 


1 


BaAeecKOM , 






6 


— 


6 


JarOABRCROH 






3 


— 


3 


KftaxeBaqsoK 






2 


1 


3 


KparyjesaqKOM . 






4 


— 


4 


KpaJHHCKOH . , 






7 


3 


10 


EpymeBaqKoii 






1 


— 


1 


IIOApHHCBOH 






1 


— 


1 


no;icapeBaqKOM 






5 


3 


8 


PyAHHqKOM . 






2 


— 


2 


CMeAepescttoJi . 






4 


1 


5 


'RynpHJCKOM . 






4 


— 


4 


y«nqKO!ii . . 






3 


— 


3 


H^pHopeqROM 






2 


— 


2 


HaqaHCKOM . , 






2 


— 


2 


IIIa(5aqK0M . . 






6 


— 


6 


y Beorpa;\y 






98 


— 


98 


Csera y CpGHJH 




151 


9 


160 


y Aycxpo-yrapcKoj 




15 


1 


16 


y PyHyHHJH .... 




— 


1 


1 


CBera . . 






166 


11 


177 



KaA OKpyre cacxasHMo y ofijiaciH, OHAa HajiasHMO, a«^ 
je 6hjio yieHHita 

PCBEHHX y - 

o(5jiacTH: Bapomii ce^iy csera y npoueniy 

myMaAHJu 13 2 15 8-48 

HcToqHHX OKpyra ... 21 7 28 15*82 

3anaAHHX OKpyra ... 13 — 13 7*34 



116 CTAH>E JABHB HaCTABE V KPA.bEBHHII CPBHJH 



JvKHHx OKpyra 



6—6 3-39 



y BeorpaAy ... 98 — 98 5537 
y CpO^JH ... 151 9 160 90-40 

Ha cxpaHH ... 15 2 17 9*60 

Csera ... 166 11 177 10000 

PasJinKa H3Mel)y A^BOJ^Hua BapomKHX h ceocKBx 6sab, 
je 3a pol)eHe 

y Cp^HJH Eao 100 : 6 

na cxpaBH ., 100 : 13 

y onmTO . . . . , 100 : 7 
H3 oBor nope^eaa bhah ce, a^ je y BHmoj aencKoj 
niKOM 6bao BaponiKHX ACBOJiHiia neiHaecT nyia BHrae 
Hero ceocKBx! 

H3 jyacHHX H 3ar?aAHHX oKpyra HHje 6em y Beraoj 
aveHCKOj mKo.iH hh jeAHa ceocKa yqenima. Hs UlyMaAHJ^ 
6iiA0 je y Toj mKOAH aa cxo BapomMx y^eHHija 15 ceo- 
CKHX, a 113 Hcxo^HHx OKpyra 33 yqeHHiie. 

y DojeAHHHM paspOAHMa 61TJ10 je yqeHHita, h xo 

po^ennx y Ha cxo BapofflKMX ao- 



paspeAy : Baporan 
npBOM ... 66 
ApyroM ... 32 
TpeteM ... 34 
HexBpxoM . . 33 


ceAj 


2 

1 
4 


.lasHJo 


je ceocBHx 

8 

6 

3 
12 


Ho ycnexy 6eao je yqenniia 






y 


P A 3 


PEA 


y 


I. 


II. 


III. 


IV. CBera 


OA^HMHX ... 6 

Bp.io Ao6pHX . . 25 
Ao6pHX ... 26 


6 

12 
12 


5 

13 
13 


3 20 

15 65 

16 67 



CTAHbE JABHE HACTABE V KPA.tEBHHH CPBHJH 11^ 



cjiadHx . . . 


10 


4 


4 3 


21 


P^aBHX . . . 


4 


— 


— — 


4 




n p 


A E E 


[AT y 1 E H 


n A A 


OA^H^HHX 


. 8-45 


17-64 


14-29 811 


11-30 


BpAO A06pHX 


35-21 


35-30 


37-14 40-54 


36-72 


A0(5pHX . . 


. 36-63 


35-30 


37-14 43-24 


37-85 


aa^HX . . 


. 14-08 


11-76 


11-43 8-11 


11-87 


pt^aBux . . 


. 5-63 


— 


— — 


2-26 



Ha OBHX pasMepa bhah ce, Aa je pecyjixaT ycnexa y 
<5TapHJHM paspeAHMa cbo hoboahhjh, jep je Ha cxo yqeHBiia 

OAJimiHHX, BpJlO A06pHX H Ao6pHX AO^aBH^O MaCHX H p^- 

BHX.yqeHHita y paspeAy: 

IIpBOM 25 

/l,pyroM . . , 11 

TpeteM 13 

"^eiBpTOM 9 

y onniTe 16 

Oa CBHJy yqeflHiia yatHBa;io je caMO TpHHaeci Ap- 
aKaBHO 6;iaroAejaH>e, A^KJie oa cto caMo h»hx ceA^M. IIo- 
^etfaite naK 6eao je 6^aroAejaHHiia y paapeAy: 

ApyroM , . . . . 2 = 6 npoAeHaia 
TpeteM 7 = 20 „ 

^BTBpTOM ....4=11 „ 

y 1879. roAHHH HSAaTO je na n.aaTy ynpaBHxejbKe, 
sjiacHHX yqHTejbHAa, yqHTejbHEia BemTHHa h xoHopapHHX upe- 
AaBaqa CBera 21.747*22 A^Hapa. 

YI jHHTejbCBa mKoaa. 

yqHieACKa niKO./ia HMaJia je obo HaciaBHHqKO ocoC.se: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 
YnpaBHTeita .... 1 1 

Ilpoi^ecopa .... 4 5 



118 



CTAHjE JABHE H act ABE y KPA.fcEBHHH CPBHJH 



Cyn^eni^Ta .... 2 

yqHie&a 3 

XoHopapHHX npeAasa^a . — 

Csera 10 



1 

i 

2 

13 



Ha njiaxy cbhjj HaciaBHHKa HSAaio je y 1879. roAHHH 
26.852-00 AHHapa. 

Kojihko je 6iiA0 y Toj uikoah l^aKa y o6e roAHBe, bhah 
ce H3 OBor nperjieAa. 



1877-78. roA. 



1878-79. roA. 



P A 3 P E 4 



|y no- 
I qETKy 



HA 

KPAjy 



KOJU cy 
niKoay 

OCTABHJHi 



r O A U H E 



y no 

lETKy 



r O A M U E 



HA I KOJH cy 

KPAjy| niKOAy 

OCTABHJH 





37 


35 


2 


34 


32 




41 


39 


2 


32 


30 


) 


24 


23 


1 


36 


35 




— 


— 


! 23 


23 




102 


97 


6 


125 


120 



npBH 
ApyrH . 
TpetH . 

HeiBpTH . 

Csera 

npoiteiaT ^Ka, kojh cy ociaBUJiH 



2 
2 

1 



paapeA : 



1878. r. 1879. r. 

HSHOCHO je 



IIpBH 6'41 

ApyrH 4-88 

TpetiH 4-17 

■^erBpTH .... — 

y onmTe . . 4*85 

Ho yciiexy 6hjio je l^aKa 
1878. r. 



5-88 
6-25 

2-78 

400 

1879. r. 

F A 3 P E A y 



y PA8PEAy 
I. II. III. CBera I. II. III. IV. CBera 



OAJH^HUX . 

Bpjio AoCpax 



5 6 6 
15 16 11 



16 — 



1 — 



42 14 17 27 16 



1 
74 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPA.«>EBHHU CPBM JU 1 1 ^ 

^o6pHX .. 12 15 7 34 18 13 7 7 45 
CJia^HX .. 32 — 6.-__ — — 

IIpeHa Tone h3hocbo je npoi^eHaT ^asa 

1878. r. 1879. r. 

OA^HqHHX 16-50 0-83 

Bp^o Ao6pHx 43-30 61-67 

A0(5pHx 35-05 37-50 

(X/ia6HX 5-15 — 

y 1879. roAHHH onmTH pecyjiTax ycnexa 6ho je no- 

BOibHHJH OA OHOr J rOAHHH 1878. 

3a 1878. roABHy Hiaio noAaTse h o tomb, RaRo ey 
\B.iifi fflROJiy noxoAMH. TaRO 6hjio je ^aRa 

y PASPBAV 

I. II. III. CBera y npoitenTy 
Bp;io iiapA>HBHX .54 4 13 13*40 

MapjbHBHX ... 20 15 10 45 46*39 

HeMapAHBHx ... 6 7 6 19 19-59 

BpAo HeMapjbHBHx . 4 13 3 20 20-62 

Ha CTo BpAO HapjbHBHX H MapjbHBHX I^Ra A0Jia3({A0 je 
HeiapjiiHBHXy y paapeAy: 

npBOM 40 

ApyroM 105 

TpeLeM 64 

y omnxe ... 81 

Til SeMJbOAejbCBO-myHapcBa mKO^ia. 

OBOj mROJiH HMaMo noAaxRe 3a 1878. h 1879. ro- 
AHHy. y o6e roAHHe paARAO je y seifikOAejbCRO-iiiyMapcRoj 
niROAH CBera 8 nacTaBEHRa. Oa obex 6hao je: 

ynpaBHTOA 1 

IIpMecopa 5 

CynjieHaTa 2 



120 



CTAH>E JABHE UACTABE V KPAvbEBHHH CPBUJH 



Obh HacTaBHHitH npeAaBa^H cy CBera 100 qacona He- 

4eAHo, AftK-Ae y cpeAfty pyKy jeAan no 12*5 lacosa. 

y 1878. roAHHH Huajia je niKOJia TpH paapeAa, a 6aao 

je l)aKa 

y PASPEAy 
I. II. III. CBera 
ynHcaHHx .... 26 3 4 33 
ocTaBH.10 niKOJiy . . 4 — — 4 
cBpfflH^io iDKOJiy . . 22 3 4 29 
Oa cto yiincaHHX ocraBB^io je AaKJie niKOJiy h,hx ABa- 

HaecT. 

OcHM jeAHor CBH 0CTa.aH ^aijH HMajiH cy noiiiyHO ii3- 
Ap»aH>e y aaBOAy 

7 OBOj mBOAH BeiiHHa ^ana 6hjih cy cejibanH. IIoce^Hue 

6h;io je ^aEa 



H3 oKpyra: 


Bapomana 


ceJbaHa 


CBera 


y npoqeHTy 


BaiteBCKor . . . 


— 


2 


2 


6-06 


JaroAHHCBor . . 


— 


2 


2 


6-06 


EH>a»eBaqRor . . 


2 


— 


2 


606 


KparyjeBaqsor 


1 


8 


9 


27-28 


KpaJHHCKor . , 





— 


2 


6-06 


KpymeBaMKor . . 


1 


2 


3 


9-09 


noApHHCKor . , 


— 


1 


1 


3-03 


EoasapeBaMKor 


— 


1 


1 


3-03 


"RynpujcKor 


3 


— 


3 


9-09 


YatHTOor . . 


— 


4 


4 


12-12 


H^pHope^Kor . . 


1 


— 


1 


3-03 


H3 BeorpaAa . 


2 


— 


2 


6-06 


Ha CpCHJe 


12 


20 


32 


96-97 


Ha AycTpo-YrapcKi 


9 — 


1 


1 


3-03 


Csera 


12 


21 


33 


100-00 



Oa cto ^aKH Chjio je BapomaHa 36, a ceJbaHa 64. 



CTAlbE JABHE HACTABE V KPA4>EBUHH CPBIUH 121 

HaJBHine ^aKa Aa;ia je 3eMji>0AeibCK0J hikoah DlyMaAHJa 
(11), a HaJMaae cy AajiH aana.iHa OKpysH (3). Hs jyatHHX 
OKpyra 6eao je y seMAOAeibCKoj iokoah 7 ^Ka, a h3 hcto^- 
HHX OKpyra 9. Oa obhx 6hjih cy totobo cbh BapomanB, a 
OA OHHX Ha npoTHB 6eao je BHme ceibana. 

Ho yspacTy ^aiiH seMAOAeACKe nreoAe y apejiHJHM cy 
roAHHaMa. Bhjio hx je, 





y 


PA3PEAy 






KOJH cy BHa;iH: 


I. 


II. 


III. 


CBera 


y npoueniy 


17 roAHHa . . . . 


2 


— 


— 


2 


6-06 


18 „ . . . . 


2 


— 


— 


2 


6-06 


19 „ . . . . 


9 


1 


— 


10 


30-30 


20 , . . . . 


9 


— 


1 


10 


30-30 


Biime OA 20 rojHHa 


4 


2 


3 


9 


27-28 


CBera . . . . 


26 


3 


4 


33 


100-00 


Hs OBora bear ce, 


Aa je 


Bume OA jeAHe 


leTBpxHHe 



^aKa npeniAo ABaAecexy roAHHy yspacxa. 

y oBoj mmoAE HHcy 1878. roAHHe AP»aHH hchhth, jep 
cy H npeAaBa&a caHo sa neso RpaxKO Bpeiie xpajajia 3($or 
HacTynHBmera paia. BehH Aeo nHTOMaiia h cbh HaciaBHei^H 
ynoTpetfAeHH cy (Jhjih na Bojne Ay^HOCTH, h to totobo ao 
Kpaja CenieMfipa 1878. roAnne. 

y 1879. roAHHH HMaAa je seMAOAeibCKO-niyMapcKa niKOjia 
l)aRa: 

y 

I. 

y iio^eTKy roAHHe . . 27 
Ha Epajy „ . • 17 

niEOJiy je ocxaBHJio anx jeAanaecT, h to: 4 36or 6o- 
;iecTH, 6 H3 pa3HHX y3poKa h jeAaH je yip'o. 

Oa cto yuHcaHnx ^Ka cBprnnjio je niKO^iy h>iix 68. 



PISPEAV 




II. III. 


CBera 


3 4 


34 


2 4 


23 



122 



OTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA.I>EBHH11 CPBHJH 



no ycnexy 60^10 je ^ke: 



OA^H^HHX 

Bpjio Ao6pHx 

A06pHX 



y pisPBAy 
I. 11. HI. 

3 1 1 
10 1 3 

4 - — 



cBera 

5 
U 

i 



y npoueHxy 
21-74 
60-87 
17-39 



Till OcHOBHO mKoae. 
1. mxojie. 

EoAUKo je Ohjio ochobhhx mKOJia, MymKHX h aceHCSHX, 
y 1878. H 1879. toahhh, bhah ce h3 OBor nperJieAa. 









1 1877-78 


. r. 

CH 


ll 1878-79. 


T 1 


K p y r 


1 B P J 


B H H X 


m K J A II 


1 KHX 


3KBH- 

CKHX 


urm- 

CBEPA 

KBX 

1 

11 1 9 


1 »BH- 
CKBX 

1 

2 


CBBrA 

11 


AjieRcunaqiCH . . . 


1 1 

9 2 


BeorpaACKH 






42 - 


42 1, 43 


— 


43 


BajbeBCKH . 






24 1 3 


27 


30 


3 


33 


BpaftCRH . . 






— 


-; 4 


1 


5 


JarOAHHCKH 






26 1 1 


27 1 26 


1 


27 


E&aseBaqRH . 






2 ' - 


2 ,1 9 


1 


10 


KparyjeBAiEH . 






39 


3 


42 ii 40 


3 


43 


EpajnHCKH . 






40 


4 


44 38 


6 


44 


EpymeBaqRH 






16 2 


18 1 16 


2 


18 


Hhhikh . . , 






— 


— 


— 11 


3 


14 


IlHpOTCKH . , 






— 


— 


-j 8 


2 


10 


IIOApHflCKH 






13 


2 


15 12 


2 


14 


UosapeBa^KH . 






71 


5 


76 ,, 75 


6 


81 


PyAHHqKK . 




• -( 


17 


1 


18 ' 17 


1 


18 


CieAepeBCKH 




. .1 


1 33 


2 


35 


' 34 


2 


36 



CTAH>E JABIIE HACTABE V KPA.bEBHHH CPEIiJH 



123 



1 1877-78. 


r. |; 1878-79. r. | 


BPOJOCHOBHBXmKOJA | 


Mym- 

KHX 


}KBH- 
CKHX 


CBEFA 


Mym- H(Bu- 1 1 

KHX CKHX '''""■* 1 


TonjlH^KH . . . . j — 





' 1 

- 2 1 


3 


HynpHJCKH . 






. 17 

1 


3 


20 


19 3 


22 


y»HqKH 






. ' 21 i 3 

1 1 


24 


21 3 


24 


DipHopeqKH 








11 ' 2 


13 


U 2 


16 


"^aqancKH . . 








21 ' 3 


24 


21 3 


24 


UlatfaqKH . . 






|l 30' 1 


31 


33; 1 


34 


BeorpaA . . 






i 7 8 


15 


7 8 


15 


CBera 








489 


45, 


484 


489 1 56 


545 



Ha Kpajy 1876. niKo^iCEe roAHHe, upe Hamera npBor 
paxa c Typ^HMa, 6eao je y CptfnJH cBera 557 ochobhhx 
mROJia. 

Aaoe He caMo 1878. sell h roAHHe 1879. (Jhjio je y 
CptfHJH MaH>e niKOAa Hero jih y toahbh 1876; npi CBeM tom, 
mio ey 1879. roAHne y hobhh ospysHiia oxBopene 32 ocnoBHe 
mRo;ie. 

KftA 1876. roAHHy uopeAHMo c toahhom 1878. h 1879. 
MB HajiasHMo, A& J6 6hjio y crapHM rpaHHuaMa mafte ochob- 
hhx mROJia, H TO y foaehh 

1878 73 hjih 13*22 ^po^eHaTa 

1879 44 , 7-90 

JeAHa ocHOBHa mROjia AOJiasH.ia je y Gp^MJH : 
1876. roAHHe Ha 68 km* 

1878. „ 78 , 

1879. ^ ..... . ^ 89 „ 

y OBOM nperjiOAy HSJiaaeMO CBe niKo.ie, Koje cy y paxy 
1876. roAHHe nopymene. 



124 



CTAH,E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHM CPBHJH 



< 

S 



H 

o 

B 



o 

00 



lu- t: 



g ce 



c: &: 



CO 
QO 



CC O «-* Ci 
C<1 CO 1—1 



HT a o 



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prcepg&a5rp*p*gce«23g5d 

oBow*ooo«bMSS* 

BB>^0e8S^ei3nn cdp»^c8cdeo^ 



ee 

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Hss^Hc:ceaaoeceHgo!§P4 
« ai® p4p4ic; p<&,00 ^«2 00 da O 



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:£ — 



oi 

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s '"* 

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CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAdbEBHHlI CPBUJH 



125 






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126 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE y KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 

Oa one TpH.^ecex h abb niKOJie aom^eao je na oKpyr: 

D^pHOpeiKH 12 

EH>aa(eBaqKH 11 

A.ieKCHHaqKii 3 

KpymeBaqKH 2 

y»nqKH 2 

KpajnHCKH 2 

Cboj paa HacxaBHJio je onei, h to y ro^nHii: 

1877 2 niKOJiP 

1878 4 „ 

1879 3 , 

1880 4 , 

1883 2 „ 

1884 8 „ 

/l,a HHcy oBe mKOJie y paxy npona^ie, 6isao 6b Ha Kpajy 
1879. roAHHe y Cp(JHJH cnera 571 ocHOBHa mKO^a, a^k-^^ 
npeMa 1876. toahbh BHme ^expHaecT niKOJia. 

KaKO cy 6vm pacnopet^ene ocHOBHe niKOJie no o6;ia- 
CTiiMa, BHAB ce H3 OBor iiperjieAa. 

1877-78. r. 1878-79. r. 
BpOJ OCHOBHHX niKo^ia ^^„. Myn,. «BH. 

. COErA CBEFA 

y OOJiaCTH : khx ckhx khx ckhx 

164 15 179 167 45 182 

150 16 166 164 20 184 

67 6 73 75 6 81 

58 8 6fi 58 8 66 



inyBiaAHJH(') 
HcTOMHHX oKpyra 
3anaAHHX OKpyra 
Jy»HHX OKpyra 
HoBHX OKpyra . 



26 7 32 



CaMO y o6jiacTM jyatHHX OKpyra ociao je y 1879. ro- 
AHHH OHaj iicTH (Jpoj fliKOJia, KOJH je 6ho h y roAHHH 1878; 
y ocxajie xpn o6jiacTH BamaK niKOJia y 1879. toakhh hb- 
nocno je CBera 29 hah 6*49 IIpo^eHaTa. ^oce(JIl^e naK 



(*) C BeorpaAOM. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPAAEBHHH CPBHJIl 127 

jBcliao ce (5poj ochobhhx uiKOJia oa 1878. 40 1879. 

roAHHe 

y o6.«acTH : CBera y npoaeflxy 

SanaAHHX OKpyru . . . ca 8 10-96 

HcToiHHX oEpyra ... „ 18 10-84: 

IHyMaAHJH „ 3 1-68 

EaA 6poj mROJia nopeAHMo c noBpmHHOM, OHAa na^ia- 
3HM0, Aa je j^AHa ocHOBa niKOJia AOJiasHJia 

1878. r. 1879. r. 
y otfjiacTH : Ha KBaApaiHHX KHJioMexapa 

UlyMaAHjH c BeorpaAOM . . 49 49 



HcToqflHX oKpyra . . . 


79 


71 


3anaAHHX oKpyra . . . 


. 86 


77 


JyatHHx OKpyra . . . 


. 142 


U2 


HoBHX OKpyra . . . 


• ~~~ 


343 



IHyMaAHJa HMajia je 1879. roAHHc ipH nyia BHrae 
iDKOAa HO iflTO Hx je 6hjio y o({jiacTH jyannx oKpyra, h 
ceA^H iiyxa BHme ho hito cy HMaAH hobh oRpysH. 

2. HaoraBHBi^ii. 
y CBHMa OCHOBHHM HIKOJiaMa 

paAH^io je 1878. roABne: lymKHM atencKHM y onmie 

y^Hxeiba .... 480 — 480 

yqHxeAHua ... 61 80 141 

Csera HacTasHHKa 541 80 621 

1879. roAHHe: 

yvMxeAa .... 531 — 531 

y^iHxeAHua ... 86 104 190 

Csera HacTasHHBa 617 104 721 

Ha npoxHB npe paxa, na Kpajy niK0.«CKe 1876. roAHne, 

6\[A0 je y niKOJiaMa: 

yqHxejT>a yquxeAHUa nacTaBHHKa 

nyniKHM 543^ 65 (lOh 

ateHCKHM — 81 81 

y onmTe • • . 543 146 699 



128 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAwf>EBHHU CPBHJM 



y 1878. roA. 6viAo je AaK.ie Maae ho y roAHHH 1876. 

YMTeJba 63 h;iii 11*60 npoiieHaTa 

y^iHTejbHua 5 „ 3'42 „ ^ 

HacTasHHKa .... 68 „ 9*87 „ „ 
Hh y 1879. roAHHH HHJe 6h;io y ochobhhm mitojiaiia 
tojihko HacTEBEHKa, KOJiHKo y roABHH 1876., KaA ce ysMy 
y paiyH caMo cxapn oKpysH (5e3 hobhx KpajeBa. 

KojiHKO je 6mo HacxaBHRKa 1878. roAnne y ochobhhm 
niKOJiaMa cBaKor oKpyra nocetfniie, bhah c^ H3 oBor nperjieAa, 



,1 


B P 





J 


! 
K p y r i yHH- 1 

Iteaa; 


yHH 

y lUKc 


TB AH a A 1 

1 


CBHJy 
UACTABHUKA 


MAMA 


CBEFA 


Mym- ; >keh- 




1 
_ j_ 1 

11 ; 


KHM 1 CKHM 

3 3 


1 




AjieKCHHaqKH . . . 


1 

6 


17 


BeorpaACKH 






1 35' 


8' - 


8 


43 


BaJbBBCKH . . 






'; 281 


2i 5 


7 


35 


JarOAHHCKH . . 






' 31 : 

1 


21 3 


5 


36 


£H>a2&eBaqKH 






■' 2i 


— 





— 


2 


KparyjeBaqKH . 






45 


1 


6 


1 7 


52 


EpaJllHCKH . . 






,| 40 


6 


6 


1 12 


52 


KpyraoBaqKH 






i 21 


1 


4 


! 5 


26 


EOAPHHCKH . 








13 


2 


2 


: * 


17 


IIoaKapeBaqKM 






, ! 62 


18 


8 


, 26 

t 


88 


PyAHflqKH . . 






, 18 


— 


1 


1 1 


19 


CMeAcpeBCKH 






. 1 36 


7 


5 


! 12 


48 


•RyupHJCKH . 








23 


i 


6 


! 10 


33 


yatHMKH . . 






, 


27 


1 


4 


1 5 


32 


UpHope^KH . 






. 


13 


3 


3 


6 


19 


^aqancKH . 








25 


1 


4 


: 5 


30 


IIla6aqKH 








32 


2 


4 


' 6 


38 


BeorpaA 








18 


— 


16 


' 16 

1 


34 


CpCHJa . 






• 1 


480 


61 


80 


1 141 


621 



GTAH>E JABHE HACTABE y KPA.f>BBHHH CPBUJH 



129 



Oa cto HacTaBHHKa y onniTe 6eao je 

yqHTeAa 77 

yqHTeji»Hita y MymRHM mso^iaMa . . . . 10 1 

^ ^ ateHCKHM „ 13/ 

Ea^ CBe ORpyre cacTaBHMO y Behe o^AacxH, OHAa na- 
^lasHMOy A^ je 6hjio 

y^HTB^HUA 

y UIKOJAMA 



y o^AacTH: 


yMH- 

TE.bA 


KHM 




}KEH- 
CKHM 


CBEFA 


HACTAB- 
HHKA 


niyMaAHJH . . 


165 


18 




15 


33 


198 


HcTO^HHX ospyra 


151 


34 




26 


60 


2X1 


SauaAHHX oKpyra 


73 


6 




11 


17 


»0 


JyaLHHX ORpyra 


73 


3 




12 


15 


88 


y BeorpaAy 


18 


— 




16 


16 


34 


Oa cto HaciaBHHRa 6eao 


je 














y 


1 


[ H 


T E .b 


H n A 






y 


ni K 


.1 A M A 




y ofijiacTH : 


yqii- 

TE.bA 


AiyniKUM 


atEHCKUM 


y onni 


myMaAHjH 


. 83 




9 




8 


17 


HcTO^HflX ORpyra 


. 72 


] 


6 




12 


28 


3anaAHHX ORpyra 


. 81 




7 




12 


19 


JyatHBX ORpyra 


83 




3 




14 


17 


y BeorpaAy . . 


53 


- 


— 




47 


47 



Ha oBor nopel^eRa bitah ce, Aa HaJBHrae yqHxeibHiia Bia 
y MyfflRHM fflKOJiaMa o(5jiacTH hcto^hex ORpyra, a BaJMaae y 
jyaKHHM oRpysHMa. y BapomH BeorpaAy HBJe 6H;ia hh jeAHa 
yqETOAHiia y MymRni mRojiaMa. 

HHTepecHO je nope^e&e HacxaBEHRa c 6poj6M mROJia. 

y cpeAH>y pyKy ao^hshao je HaciaBHHRa na joAHy 

OCHOBfly HIROJiy 

y o6jiacTH: 

UlyMaAHJH (c BeorpaAOM) 

HcToqHHx ORpyra . . 

r^ACHHK LXX 



yniBy 


seHCEy 


y oamTe 


1-2 


2-1 


1-3 


12 


1-6 


1-3 




130 



CTAH>E JABHB HACTABE Y KPA^bEBUHH CPBUJH 



3anaAHHX oKpyra . . . 1'2 1-8 1'2 

JyatHHX OKpyra . . . . 1'3 To 1*3 

T CpCHJH .... 1-2 1-8 1-3 

KoA MymBHx mso^ia pasHepa HacraBHHBa caMo je y 
jysHHM oRpysHMa ($H;ia neniTO ja^a; y ocra^ie ipn o6AacTu 
Ta je pasMepa noAJeAHaBa ca cpeA&OM pasMepoM. 

KoA sencEHX nmoiia saJiasHMO Beli neBy pasAHKy y 
pasMepaMa HacxaBEHi^a; He^y thm h obao Ta pas^iHRa HHJe 

TaKO BB^HRa. 

KaA pasMepy HacTSBEHRa nopeAHMo c pasiiepox naciaB- 
HHi](a, OHAa BHAHHO, A^ jo Ha CTO yqHTe^ka, rojb cy paAH^iu 
y HSBBCHOM 6pojy niROJia, AOJiasHJio y hcto tojihro schcrex 
niRo^ia, no 150 y^HTeji»Hita. 

y 1878. roAHHH 6h;io je y CptfiJE cBora 1,375.909 
CTaHOBHHRa. (*) KaA OBaj (Jpoj nopeAHio c (5pojeM ochobhhx 
niBOJia, OHAa Hs^astf, a^* je AO^asHjia 

joAHa ocHOBHa mROJia na 2.843 CTanoBHHRa 

joAan HacTaBHHR ,, 2.216 „ 

KojiHRo je paAHAO HaeraBHHRa y CBHMa ochobhhm idro- 
;iaiia roAHHe 1879. bhah ce hs OBor nperjiOAa. 



K p y 3 H 


1 


B P 





J 


1 

y<iH- 

TBJ>A 


y^HTBAUaA [ 


CBHJy 

HACTAB- 

HHKA 


7 mKO.iAMA 


a 

B 
O 


Mym- 

KHM 


CKHM 


A^eBCHHa^RH .... 


|14 


2 


3 


5 


19 


BeorpaACRH .... 


1 36 


8 


— 


8 


44 


Ba^eBCRH 


: 31 


5 


5 


10 


41 


BpaftCRH 


7 


— 


1 


1 1 


8 


JarOAHHCRH .... 


29 


4 


3 


7 


36 



(') ApMcaeonHc Cp6Hje XI. cxp. 132. 



>* 



CTAH>£ JABHB HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 



131 







^^™ 


B 


p 


. ' I 


K p y 3 H 


T'lH- 


yqHTB.i>uaA | 




y mKOJAMA 1 


1 1 


CBHjy 




TEAA Mym- 


}KBH- 


B 

B 
O 


HACTAB- 
HhKA 




KHM 


CKHM 


Pk 




K&aseBa^BH .... 


11 


— 


2 


1 
2 1 13 


KparyjeBawH 






44 


4 


8 


12:1 56 


KpaJHflCKH . . 






38 


7 


8 


15 53 


KpymeBaqEH . , 






21 


2 


4 


6; 27 


HaniKH . . . 






19 


— 


5 


5 


I 24 


IlHpOTCKW . . , 






12 


— 


2 


2 


i 14 


nOApHHCKH . . 






11 


3 


2 


5 


1 16 


IIosapeBaqKH 






58 


26 


11 


37 


1 95 


PjAHB^KH . . 






18 


— 


1 


1 


1 10 


GMOAepeBCKH . 






35 


8 


5 


13': 48 


Ton^iHWH . . 






4 


— 


1 


if 5 


'RynpHJCKH 






24 


6 


8 


14 1 38 


Ya^HqEH . . 






28 


— 


4 


4; 32 


H^peopeqKH . 






16 


5 


4 


9i 25 


^aqaHCKH . . 






25 


— 


4 


4 


29 


IIIa6aqRH . . 






31 


6 


4 


10 


41 


BeorpaA . . 






19 


— 


19 


19 


38 


CpGiga . 






531 


86 


104 


190 


, 721 



7 HCTOJ roAHHH H3H0CH0 je npoi](eHaT 
y^HTGAa 73*66 

y^HTe^Bua y MymKHM fflKOJiaia . 11*93) ^. ^^ 

t M A ck) 2d*o6 
y^HTe^Hua y a^encRHM msoAaMa 14*4:2] 

y HCTOj roAHHH 6poj yqHTejbHi^a y MymRHM mKOJiaiia 6ho 
je 3a ABa npoiieHTa BetiH oa OHora y npomjioj 1878. ro- 
ABHH. HcTO TaEo u J T.eiTCKiiM mKo/iaia 6\\aq j*j 1889. ro- 
AHHe BHme yqHiejiiMqa, ho raj BHmaK hshocho je eaio j^AftB 
npoueflaT. 



132 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA.bEBHHH CPBHJH 



y 0CH0BH11M niROJiaMa nojeAHHBX o6autia paAH^io je 
1879. roAHHe HacTaBHHKa, h to 







y 


'1 H T 


BAH 


U, A 




y o(JjiacTii: 


yqw- 

TE.bA 


y mKO.iAHA 

MyUKUM HtEHCKHH 


CBBFA 


y onmTK 


DlyMaAHJH . . . 


162 


24 




17 


41 


203 


HcToqHHx oKpyra . 


161 


46 




36 


82 


243 


3anaAHHX ^ 


73 


14 




11 


25 


98 


JymHHX „ 


74 


2 




12 


14 


88 


HOBHX „ 


42 


— 




9 


9 


51 


y Beorpa^y . . 


19 


— 




19 


19 


38 


Oa cto HacxaBi 


iHKa (5h40 je 
















y 


HUT 


E .h U 


n A 








y inKOJAMA 




y o6jiacTH: 




yiH- 

rE.bA 


MyUIKUM H^EHCKHM 


y OIIIUTB 


myMaAHJH . . 




80 


12 




8 


20 


HcTo^Hnx OKpyra 




66 


19 




15 


34 


3anaAHHX „ . 




75 


14 




11 


25 


Jy»HHX „ . 




84 


2 




14 


16 


HOBBX . . 




82 


— 




18 


18 


y BeorpaAy . . 




50 


— 




50 


50 



n y OBoj AftRJie roAHHH paAHAO je y MymKfiM mROJiaHa 
HCToqHHX OKpyra HajBHme yqHiejLHiia, a najiafte oner 
y o(JjiacTH jyatHBX OKpyra. y hobhm oEpysHMa h y BeorpaAj 
(jHJie cy jm/mejbEne caMO y atencKHM nncojiaMa. 

Oa 1878. AO 1879. roAHne yBelao ce (Jpoj nacxaB- 

HUKa, H TO 

yqHTe^a yMHTejLHiia y onniTe 
T iDKOJiaMa otfjiacTH : ciepoiiehata 

flcTOTOHx OKpyra . . . 6*62 36-66 15*17 

y BeorpaAy 5-56 18*75 11-76 

3anaAHHx OKpyra ... — 47-06 8-89 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 133 

niyMaAHJH .... — 1-82 24-24 253 

Jy»HHX oKpyra ... 1*37 — 6*67 — 

HaJBHine HaciaBHEKa ao6hjih cy y 1879. roA^HH hc- 
TO^HH oKpysH, a THMe je Ten y neKOJiHKO nonyaeH OHaj ry- 
(jHxaK, KOJH cy y obom nor^ieAy npexpnejiH th OKpyan yc^eA 
Hamer npBor paia c Typ^HMa» 

KaA 6poj flacTasHHRa nopeAHMO c 6pojeM mso^a, oHAa 
najiasHMO, Aa je paAHAO y cpeAfty pyKy y joahoj ochobhoj 
niKo./i0 

MymKoj »eHCKOJ y oiimxe 

o(J^acTH : hactabhhka 

UlyBiaAHJe (c BeorpaAOM) 1-2 2-4 1*3 

HcTOTOHX OKpyra . . 1-3 1*8 1*3 

3anaAHHX ^ ... 1-2 1-8 1-2 

JyacHHX ..... 1-3 1-5 1-3 

HoBHx „ ... 1-7 1-3 1-6 

y CpCHJH . . 1-3 1-9 1-4 

Hs OBix pasMepa bhah ce, a& j^ ^poj HacTaBHHKa y 
onfflxe nopacxao nernxo BHme oa (Jpoja mEo^a. Bpoj y^H- 
TejbiAUfi, y Beboj je Heps nanpeAOBao oa 6poja msajia. 

HExepecHo je nope^e&e 6poja nacxaBHURa c 6pojeM 

CXaHOBHHRa. 

y Cp(JHJH 6hjio je 

roAQHe cxaHOBHusa 

1876 1,369.860 

1878 1,375.909 

1879 1,684.770 

AoAasHo je AaB.ie y cpeA&y pyny jeAaH nacxaBHER 

OCHOBHHX mK0A2L, rOAHHO 

1876 Ha 1.988 cxaHOBHHKa 

1878 „ 2.216 

1879 ^ 2.337 



134 CTAFbE JABHB HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHH GPBHJH 

AocTa cy HHTepecHe h npoMene y HacxaBHHqKOM oco6Ay, 
Koje ce AoroAe y xe^ajy niKOJicKe roAHne : hobhm uocTaBAe- 
H>HMa H^iH OTnymTaH>eH h3 CAjsiie y^Hxe^cRe, 36or CMpxH hjih 
npeMemxaja h x. n. 

OBHM npoMeHaMa HMaHo iiOAaxRO ns xpu roAHne, h 
xo: 1877. 1878. h 1879. 

y r A H H H 
nocxaBj>eHO je Kao 1877. 1878. 1879. CBera 

npBH Dyx HOBHX 

y^Hxeiba 15 32 83 130 

yqHxeAima(*) ... 1 15 41 57 

CBera ... 16 47 124 187 
jeAHOM Bell 6BBmHX 

yqHxe.i>a 10 17 13 40 

yqHxeAni\a .... — 2 10 12 

CBera ... 10 19 23 52 
y onmxe BOcxaBAeno je: 

y^Hxe^a 25 49 96 170 

y^Hxe-i>Hiia .... 1 17 61 69 

CBera HacxaBHUKa 26 66 147 289 
Oa cxo HOBOQOCxaBJLeHHx HacxaBHHRa 6hjio je 

y r A H H H 

ROJH cy 1877. 1S78. 1879. y oninxe 

npBH nyx nocxaBAeHH . . 61*54 71*21 84*35 78*24 

no ApyrH nyx nocxaBAenn 38*46 28*79 15*65 21*76 
3a CBB xpn roAHne nocxaBJbeno je CBera 

HOBHX 

y oRpyry: yqaxe^a yqnxeAHiia nacxaBHHRa 

A.ieRCHHaqROM ... 6 3 9 

BeorpaACROM ... 9 4 13 

BaAOBCROM .... 8 2 10 

(^) y MymKHH H jKeucKUM mKOJaMa. 



CTAH.E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 



135 



BpaitcEOM . . . 


6 


1 


7 


JaroAUHCKOM . . 


. 13 


3 


16 


KftaseBaqRox . 


. 4 


— 


4 


KparyjeBaqsoM 


. 11 


4 


15 


KpaJHHCEOM . . . 


7 


5 


12 


KpymcBa^KOM . . 


4 


2 


6 


HnmROH . . . 


. 23 


6 


29 


IlHpOTCEOM . . . . 


9 


2 


11 


nOApHHCBOH . . . 


5 


2 


7 


nosapesaqROM . . 


. 12 


10 


22 


Py,)HHqKOii . . . , 


11 


1 


12 


CiieAepeBCKOM . . . 


6 


2 


8 


TonjiHqKOM , . . . 


3 


1 


4 


HynpHJCKOM . . 


6 


6 


12 


yaiaqKOM . . . 


. 4 


— 


4 


S^pHopeqBox . . . 


8 


3 


11 


HaiaHCROM . . . 


5 


1 


6 


niada^BOM . . . 


. 6 


4 


10 


y BeorpaAy . . 


. 4 


7 


11 



HaJBHme hobhx HacxaBHEKa ao($hji6 cy mROJie j ospyry 
HHmKOM. Obo je saxo, niTO cy laMO y no^eiKy 1878-79. 
iDRO^CRe roAHHe t6r oTBapane nmojie sac h y ocTa;ia Tpn 
HOBa oKpyra. 

Oa cto HOBonocTaBABHHx HacTaBHEsa 6hjio je y toahhe 

yqaxeAa y^HTe^Hiia Pasiepa 

1877 96-15 3-85 100:4 

1878 74-24 25-76 100:35 

1879 65-31 34-69 100:53 

y onniTe . . . 71'13 28-87 100 : 41 

FasMepa yqHT6ji>Hi](a <$HBa;ia je CBe Beba, saxo rnxo 

($poj yqHTejbHi^a y HymsHM mBO^aMa CBe BHme pacxe. IIo 

HOBOH 3aicoHy ocHOBHHM inBOAaMa OBO yBeliaBaH>e orpanH- 



136 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPAwbEBUHU CP6UJU 

qeHO je y to;imko, ioto oa cra y nyniKHii iHKOJiaiia caMO y 
ABa HHsa paapeAa nory 6hth y^HTeJbHiie. 

KaA (5poj HOBonocTaBJteHHx HacTaBHHKa nopeAHMo c (5po- 
jeM HacTaBHiiKa y onnrre, mh HajiasnMO, Aa je hshocho npo- 
itenaT HOBonocxaBAeHMX 

1878. 1879. 

yqHTe-i,a 10-21 18*08 

yqHTe.wl^a 12-21 26-84 

HacTaBHHKa .... 10*63 20*39 
Hpena 6pojy HOBonociaBAeHHX HacxaBHHKa Tpe6a cxa- 
BHTH oiiei H 6poj OHHX, KOJH cy ocxaBHJiH yqHTOACKy cjiy»(Jy 
y TOKy OBe xpH roAnne. HoAaTKe o Tone BMaMO y obom 
nper;ieAy. 

y^MieACKy My»6y ociaBBJio je 

r A H H E 

1877. 1878. 1879. CBera 



CBOjeBOJbHOM OCTaBROM.* 












yqHTejta . . 


. . 


8 


22 


18 


48 


yqaieABita . 


. • 


5 


2 


5 


12 


CBora . 


. 


13 


24 


23 


60 


danoiiHJio ce . . . 




12 


11 


12 


35 


OTnyraxeBO 3a Kasay: 






y^HTejLa . . 


. 


3 


6 


— 


9 


yqHXBJbHua 


• . 


2 


2 


1 


5 


CBora 


. . 


5 


8 


1 


14 


oxnymxeHO 36or Hecnoco6H0CTP 


I 








yqHxeJba . . 


• 


4 


2 


1 


7 


y^HxejtJma 


. • 


1 


2 


— 


3 


CBora 


• 


5 


4 


1 


10 


HanycxH40 Ay»Hocx: 












yquxejta . . 


• 


— 


3 


4 


7 


yiHxe.Mua 


• 


— 


1 


— 


1 


CBera 


, 


— 


4 


4 


8 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE Y KPAAEbMHH 


CPBHJH 


137 


HHJe XTGJio Hiiu Ha AjaHOCT: 








y^HTe^a . . 


— 


1 


2 


3 


yqHxeAUiia 


. . — 


1 


— 


1 


CBora 


— 


2 


2 


4 


ciaBAeHO je y iiencHJy: 










yqHxeAa . . 


. . 3 


3 


3 


9 


y^HTGAHIia 


. . 3 


2 


— 


5 


CBera 


. . 6 


5 


3 


14 


yMpjio je: 










yqHieJta . . 


. . 16 


10 


5 


31 


yqHxejLHita . , 


. 2 


— 


— 


2 


CBora 


. . 18 


10 


5 


33 


y onniTe ociaBH^io je m; 


yat6y 








y^HieJta . . 


. 46 


58 


45 1 


149 


yqHTejbHita . . 


. 13 


10 


6 


29 


Cnera 


. 59 


68 


51 ] 


178 


Oa cto HacTaBHHKa, 


KoJH cy 


yqHTeACKy ay»(5y ocia- 


bh;ih, AOJiasHjio je 












r 


A H 


H E 




Ha one kojh cy: 


1877. 


1878. 


1879. 


CBera 


€BOJeB0JbHO AHAE 

ociaBBy 


22-03 


35-29 


4510 


33-71 


aanoHHJiH ce . . . . 


20-34 


16-18 


23-54 


19-66 


OTnymxeHH sa KasHy . 
„ 36or HBcno- 


8-48 


11-76 


1-96 


7-87 


co6hocxb .... 


8-48 


5-88 


1-96 


5-61 


HanycxH.iH Ayanocx 


— 


5-88 


7-84 


4-50 


OApeKJiH Biiu Ha 
Ay»HOcx .... 





2-94 


3-92 


2-24 


cxaB-teHH y nencHJy 


10-17 


7-36 


5-88 


7-87 


yMp^H 


30-50 


14-71 


9-80 


18-54 


6h4h je y^Hxejta . . 


77-97 


85-29 


88-24 


83-71 


<5hjio je yqflxe^ima 


22-03 


14-71 


11-76 


16-29 


y onniTe . . 


10000 


10000 10000 10000 



138 GTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA4>EBHHH CPBHJH 

HaJBeLH npoiienaT ^o^asH na one HacxaBHUKe, kojh ^ajy 
ocTaBKy Ha Myat6y. Obo cy BeLwHOM HacxaBBHitH, kojh pa^H 
CBor ARjhQT oucTaHKa Tpaae cjiy»6y y Apyroj cxpyi^H. Y osy 
BaTeropHJy Ao^iaae h mhoph y^HxeAH nepaAHHiiH, bojh ^ajy 
ocxaBKy Ha CAyx,6j 3a xo, Aa <5h HstferjiH sacjiyaieHy Kaany. 
3axHM Be^LHBH je apouenaT yqHxeJi>a, roih ocxaBjObajy 
y^BxeACXBo 36or cxynaaa y peA CBemxeHH^KH. Obo je ca 
CBHM npHpoAHa nojaBa, jep Kao mxo je noanaxo, Me^y yqH. 
xeAHMa Hua spjio mhoxo (JoroaoBa, kojh y^Hxe^CKy cjiya(5y 
Bpnie caMO Aoxjie, aok ne AO^HJy KaKBy napoxHJy. 

KaA 6poj HOBonocxaBiBeHiix HacxaBHHRa nopeAHMO c ((po- 
JeM OHHX, KOJB cy ocxaBHJiH yqHxeACXBo, OHAa na^iasHMO, 
Aa je Ha cxo cxynajyliHx y yqaxeACKy c;iyat6y AO^asMo xy 
CJiy»6y HanymxajytiHX : 

1877. 1878. 1879. y onmxe 

yqwxeAa 184 118 47 88 

yqHxeAH^a .... 1300 59 12 42 

HacTaBHHKa . . 227 103 95 74 
Hs OBor nopet^eaa bhah ce, Aa cy 1877. roAnne mo- 
pajie ocxaxH MHore niKOJie 6e8 nacxaBHHKa; y 1878. roAHHH 
hobh cy y^HxeAH aaysejin roxoBO cBa Mecxa ohhx, kojh cy 
caj3r6j ocxaBHJiH ; h xbk y 1879. toakhh BHraaK hobwx y^H- 
xeiba 6ho je xojihkh, Aa cy nonyfteHa CBa npasna yqHxeJBCKa 
Mecxa, H noKpaj xora Morao je 6hxh oxBopen y hobhm OKpy- 
HMa SHaxaH 6poj ochobhhx mKOJia. 

HHxepecHe cy pasMepe, Koje ao6hjhmo, KaA 6poj Ha- 
cxaBHHRa, KOJH cy yqHxeACKy cjiy»(5y ocxaBHJiH, nopeAHMO 
*c 6pojeM CBHJy HacxaBHHRa y aoxh^hoj roAHHH. 

TaKO ocxaBH^o je cjy»6y oa cxoxHHe nacxaBHHKa: 

1878. r. 1879. r. 
36or cBojeBOAHe ocxaBRe . . 3*86 3' 19 
36or CBeraxeHHqRor qana . . 1*77 1*65 
6e3 CBoje BOAe 2-90 1*11 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA.bEBHHH CPBHJH 



139 



36or CTaBAeaa y neHCHJy . • 0-81 0*42 

36or CMpxH 1-61 0-70 

OA KOJHX je 6hjio: 

yuBxe^a 12*08 8*4:7 

yqHTeAH^a 7*09 3-16 

CBera 10-05 7*07 

Ha cro HacxaBHHKa, kojh cy y 1878. toahkh ocxaBH^iH 
yqflxeACKy ay»6y, ^om^rao je roAHne 1879. HacxaBHHKa 
HBHmaBfflHX H3 pcAa y^HxeACBor: 

36or cBOJeBOAHe ocxaBKe . . 83 
36or CBemxeHHqBor qHHa . . 93 

6e3 CBoje BOAe 38 

cxaBji>eH>a y nencHJy .... 52 

36or cMpxH 43 

y^HxeAa 70 

yqwxeAHi^a 45 

y onniTe 65 

Eo^HRO je HacxaBHHRa ocxaBH^o yqnxeJkCRy cjiyjR^y y 
xeqajy obb xpn roAWHe y cBaROM noce(5Hite ORpyry, bhah ce 
H3 OBor nperjieAa. 



1 

K p 3 y H 


BPOJ HACTABHHRA KOJH CY OA 1877. AO 1879. T. 1 
OCTABHJH yHUTEJbCKY CJyjKBy | 


|S 

1 § 2 




St 

CO 




M 


s 

to 


y n m T E 1 


< 

t 

m 
>» 


a 

H 

n 


a 


A^ieRCHHaqRH . 

BeorpaACRH . 
BajLeBCRH . . 

BpaH>CRH . . 
JarOAHHCRH . 


5 

9 

2 

1 

'5 


3 

1 
2 

3 


2 
2 
2 


2 


1 

2 
1 


1 

4 
5 

2 


9 

12 
12 

1 
11 


2 

5 

1 

2 


u 

17 
13 

1 

13 



140 



CTAibE JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 





BPOJ HACTABHHKA KOJH CV 04 1877. AO 1879. T. 




1 OCTABHJH y^HTEACKy C4y>KBy 


1 K p y 3 H 


3 a 
2 a 

s s 




^ a 


3S 

1' 


1^ s; 

ro a 


3 

t 
3 


y n m T E 


I 


S 1 


!i 


KftaaeBaqKH . 


2; - 








1 


II ^ 




3 


KparyjeBaqKH. 


il 4- 3 


1 


1 


1 


2;' 12 -' 12 


KpaJHHCKH 


1 7| 1 


3 


— 


— 


1, 9 3' 12 


KpymepaqKH . 


i 2j 1 


— 


— 


1 


1 3 2| 5 


HnmsH . . 






— 


1 


— 


— 


1 


-- 1 


IlHpOTCKH . . 


i 1 


— 


— 


— 


— 




1 


-" 1 


nOApHHCKH. . 


i 1 


2 


— 


1 


— 


— 


4 


-: 4 


HoatapeBaqKH. 


! 4 


2 


4 


2 


— 


5 


15 


2, 17 


PyAHH^KH . . 


1 2i 4 


— 


1 


— 


2 


9 


-' 9 


CMeAepOBCKH . 


3 


1 


1 


1 


— 


— 


6 


— 6 


Ton^inqKH . . 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 


— 




— , — 


'RynpHJcKH. . 


2 


— 


2 


— 


1 


2i 5 


2 7 


YatH^KH . . 


2 


1 


2 


2 


— 


2\ 7 


2 9 


H^pHopeqKH . 


2 


2 


4 


— 


— 


1| 5 


4 9 


^aqaHCRti . . 


1 


3 


1 


— 


— 


— 


5 


— 5 


mada^KH . . 


2 


6 


— 


1 


— 


4 


13 


— 13 


BeorpaA . . 


3 


— 


— 


— 


6 


I'i 6 


4 10 


Cnera 


60 


35 


24 


12 


14 


33 


149 


20 "17 8 



npH nope]^efty Cpoja hobhx HacxaBBHRa c 6poj6H ohhx 
KOJH cy 0CTaBH;iH yqHxeJbCKy cjiya6y, iiajiasH, Aa jo aa OBe 
TpH roAHHe OAHOCHa pasMepa HSMe^y npBe h APyre Kaxero- 
piije 6H;ia y OKpyry: 

Hhidkom Kao 100 : 3 

njipoTCKOM „ 100 : 9 

BpaibCKOM „ 100 : 14: 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAAEBHHH CPBHJH 



14t 



IIOAPIIHCKOM . 






. Rao 100:57 


HynpHjcKOM . 




. , 100 : 58 


PyAHHqEOM . . . 




. , 100 : 75 


Kibasesa^ROM 






. , 100 : 75 


CiieAepeBCEOM 






, , , 100 : 75 


noxapeBaqROH 






. . , 100:77 


KparyjeBaqKOM 






. . „ 100:80 


JarOAHHCKOM . 






. . , 100:81 


II,pHope<iKOM . 






. . , 100:82 


^aqaHCKOM 






. „ 100 . 83 


KpymeBaqKOH 






. . , 100:83 


KpaJHHCBOM . . 






. , 100:100 


AjieKCHHaqROM 






, . , 100:122 


B:lAeBCB011 . 






. . , 100:130 


lUa^aqROH 






. . . 100:130 


BcorpaACEOH . 






. ., 100 : 131 


yatHqEOM . . 






. . , 100:225 


y BeorpaAy . 






. . „ 100: 91 



y oKpysBMca, TAe ose pasMepe noKasyjy BHine hobhx y^H- 
Tejia Hero ae ohhx, kojh cy My»6y ociaBH^iH, BHmaK y caMoj 
CTBapii HHJe 6ho, jep cy th OKpyan H3ry6H;iH MSBeCTan 6poj 
HacxaBUHRa ycjbOA npeneniTaja. 

Ha npoTHB oneT y ohhm OKpysHMa, rAe no ropftHH paa- 
MepaMa HSJiaan, Aa je 6hj!0 BHrae y^Hie^ba kojh cy CJiymCy 
HanycTH^iH, HHJe ocTa;io npasHHX mKOJia, jep cy one nony- 
H>eHe HacraBHHi^AMa npeMemTeHBM h3 Apyi'HX ospyra. 

4,ocTa je naciaBHHKa npenemTeHO ca c;iy»6oM y xoKy 
OBe ipH roAHHe. 

TaKO upeMemxeHo je y Apyre mKo;ie 

1877. r. 1878. r. 1879. r. cnera 



yqHTejLa . . 
yqHxeJbHiia . . 
HacTaBHHBa 



a 


M 


Jl B 


H 


4-t 


77 


60 


181 


26 


12 


15 


53 


70 


89 


75 


234 



l42 CTAH^E JABHE HACTABE V KPA4>EBHHH CPBIIJII 

no nOTPEBH 

yiiHxe^ba .... 51 58 36 145 

yqHieJtHita .... 19 23 13 55 

HaoTEBHHBa . . 70 81 49 200 

y n m T E 
yqHiejba .... 95 135 96 326 

yqHTeAHAa .... 45 35 28 108 

HacTaBHHKa . . 140 170 124 434 

Ha CTO ywTeiba AO^asHJio je y^HTejbHiia npeMemreHEX 
y r A H H H 
1877. 1878. 1879. CBera 
no moa6h .... 59 16 25 29 

no noTpe(5H ... 37 40 36 31 

y onniTe . . 47 26 29 33 

KaA 6poj nacxaBHHEa uopeAHMO c 6pojeM npenemTenHx, 
OHAa HajiasHHO, ab, je HsnocHO, npoi^enaT npeMemxenHx 

y r A H H H 
1878. 1879. 

no mojl6h no noTpe6H no ho^6h no noxpe^H 
ywTeAa . . 16*04 12*08 11-30 6.78 
y^HTeAH^a . . 8*51 16'31 7*89 6*84 

HacTaBHHKa 14*33 13*04 10*40 6*80 

Ha CTO HacTaBHHKa, rojh cy npeHemTenH no CBOjoj mca^h, 
Ao;ia3H^o je npeiiemTeHHX no noTpe6H, h to: 

y r A H H H 
1878. 1879. 

yqHTejta 75 60 

yqHTej»Hi^a 192 88 

HacTaBHHBa 91 65 

y onniTe yseB (Jpoj npeMemTeHHX no noTpe^H HacTaB- 
HHKa MaftH je Hero m 6poj KpenyTHX no CBOjoj mo;i6h. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHH CPBHJB 143 

IIpoiieHaT npeiieinTeHux y onmie (no mojiCh h no no- 
Tpe6H) 

H3HOCB0 je y^Hxejba yqHTeJbHi^a HacTaBHHsa 

1878. THAHHe . . 28-23 24*82 27-37 

1879. „ . . . 1808 14-74 17-20 

y roAHHH 1879. (5poj npeMeniTeHBX HaciaBHHKa 6ho je 
^aiLAe MHoro MaH>H. 

3a ycneman pa^ y mRC/iH hjih no Bpeneny cjiystfe 
CBOje ynanpe^eHo je 

y r A H H B 
1877. 1878. 1879. csera 
yqHiejta .... 10 167 36 213 
yqHTeAH^a ... — 34 14 48 

HacTaBHBKa . . 10 201 50 261 
IIpeMa Tone hshocbo je npoi^enaT ynanpel^eHHX 

y ro AH H H 

1 

yqHTeAa 

y^HxeAHi^a 

HaOTEBHHKa .... 

y 1879. roAHHH nporteHax ynanpel^eHHX hshocho je 
jeABa jeAHy nexHHy onora y roAHHH 1878. 
3a paane RpHBHiie sasfteHO je 

y r A n H H 
1877. 1878. 1879. cnera 
y^HTe^a .... 11 6 3 20 

y^BTeAHiia ... — 4 — 4 

HacTaBHHBa . . 11 10 3 24 
Obh cy 6pojeBH Aoncxa Bpjio MajiH n xo c xora, nixo 
ce one xpn roAHHe Mory y neKy pysy cuaxpaxB Kao npe- 
JiasHe. 



1878. 


1879. 


34-79 


6-78 


24-11 


7-37 


32-37 


6-93 




144 CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPAwbEBHHH CPBllJM 

Ho KaTeropHJaMa KasHe cy (Jn^e OBaKO noAeAene. CBera 
je Kn»H>aBaHo: 

1877. r. 1878. r. 1879. r. y onmie npoAenar 
OnoMeHOtt .6 2 2 10 4:1-68 

yKopoM . . 2 3 1 6 25-00 

Ty^HTKOM 

njiaie . . 1 — — 1 4*16 

npeMeraxajeM — 1 — 1 4-16 

OinycTOM H3 

c;iy3K6e .2 4 — 6 25-00 

y CBO Tpn roAHHe ^Jiase cy Rasee BHme npHHeibHBaHe^ 
fl oTyA Mome ce saKAyquxH, ab. cy h KpMBHi^e 6H^e jiaKrae 
npapoAe. 

IIpoiieHaT Raa^ibeHHX HacxaBHHKa ushocho je 1878. ro- 
AHHe 1-61 a y 1879. caio 0-42. 

HHaMO noAaiRe h o HcnHTHHa ohux y^uxej^CEHX RaHAH- 
Aaxa, RoJB HHcy CBprnHAH npoMcne mROJie. 

3a noMraae yqaxeACRor HcnHxa jaBHJio ce 

RAHAHAAXA 

roAHHe MymRHX »eHCEux y onraxe 

1877 1 6 7 

1878 4 16 19 

1879 6 8 14 

CBera .... 11 29 40 

Oa cxo npDJaBAeHHx RaHAHAaxa (Jhjio je 
y roAHHH: HymRHX meHCRnx 

1877 14 86 

1878 21 79 

1879 43 57 

CBera 27 73 

C RaRBHM cy ycnexoH obh RaHAHA^TH hcuhx uo^oshjh^ 
BHAH ce H3 OBor npeoeAa. 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V KPA^EBMHH CHBIUH 



145 



1877. r. I tSTS, r. | 1879. r. 



HcnHT cy noAomvLAvi 
c ycnEXOM 



A H 4 A T tl 



g 1 Pd I 






Bpjio A06pHM 

Ao6pHM 

npHJlH^HHH 

C^a6HM 

OAjCTajiH OA no;iaraH>a HcnHxa 
y onmTO .... 



3 
3 
6 



5 
6 
2 
2 

15 



19 



1 
814 



HcMT je A^Me y tokj one ipn roAHHe nojioatH^io 
CBera ynpoiieHTy 



c ycnexoM : 


1 


' 5 


< 

8 


55 X 




H 

m 
o 


Bp^o Ao6piiM 


4 


5 


9 


36-37 


17-24 


22-50 


Ao6pHM . . . 


2 


8 


10 


18-18 


27.59 


25-00 


npH^lH^HHM . . 


3 


7 


10 


27-27 


24-14 


26-00 


Cjia6HM . . . 


1 


6 


7 


9-10 


20-69 


17-50 


OAycxajiH OA nojia- 














raiba HcaHia . 


1 


3 


4 


9-10 


10-34 


10-00 


y onmTe 


11 


29 


40 


100-00 100-00 10000 



Oa MymRHX RaHAHAaxa aoAos&EAo hx je HaJBHme c yc- 
nexoH Bpjio Ao6pH]i, a oa seHCRHX ao6h^o hx je naj- 
Bflme Ao6py oiteny. 

KaA MyMRe BaHAHAaTe nopeAHMO ca seHCSHMa, OHAa h3- 

.laSH, AA J6 Ha CTO UpBHX 6h^0 OBBX ApyrHX, ROJH cy HC- 
HHT HO^IOSH^LH G yCDeXOM I 

Bp;io Ao6pHM 47 



Ao6pHii 152 



laACHBK LXX 



10 



146 GTAIbB JABHE HACTABE V KPA4>EBHHH CPBHJH 

npH.iBqHHM 89 

C^atfHM 227 

OAycTOJiH OA no^arafta ncnuxa . 114 
no Mecry pol^efta 6eao je BaHAHAaTa 

CBera y nporteHxy 



13 Gp^HJe: 




M 9 


y onmTB s » 




y oniDTB 


BapomaHa . 


5 


25 


31 


45-46 


89-65 


77-50 


cejbaHa . . 


4 


1 


5 


36-36 


3-45 


12-50 


OBera . . 


9 


27 


36 


81-82 


93-10 


90-00 


H8 ApyrHX ApsaBa: 














BapomaHa . 


1 


1 


2 


9-09 


3-45 


5 00 


ceAaHa . . 


1 


1 


2 


9-09 


3-45 


5-00 


OBera . . 


2 


2 


4 


18-18 


6-90 


10-00 


y onmre: 














BapomaHa . 


6 


27 


33 


54-55 


93-10 


82-50 


cejbaHa . . 


5 


2 


7 


45-45 


6-90 


17-50 


OBera . . 


11 


29 


40 100-00 100*00 


100-00 



Oa jaBHBmHX ce Ha Hcnnr saHAHAaTKHiba, cse cy CBopo 
6Hjie BapomaHse h polyene y Cp^HJn. 

OAHOCHa pasnepa HSiel^y MymsHX h seHCSHX saHAH- 
Aaxa 6H^a je sa pol^eibe: 

y Cp6HJH . . . . Kao 100:114 
Ha CTpaHH . . • ^ 100 : 38 
y BapomHMa ... „ 100 : 171 
y ce;iHMa .... ^ 100 : 15 

Uo niROJicBoj cnpejiH saHAHAaxH ($h;lh cy BebHHOM h3 
EHSux niBOJia. Taso y^HJio je 

nymsflx seHCRBx CBera 
caMo ocHOBHy mKOJiy . . 1 16 17 

HHsy rHMHasHJy ... 4 2 6 

neraxo BorofJioBHJe . . 3 — 3 



CTAIbE JABHE HACTABE 7 KPAAEEHHU CPBHJH 



147 



HemTo seMJbOAejiiCRe mBo;i6 

„ y^HXeACBe mKOAQ . 

BHine seHcse micojie 



1 - 1 

2 1 3 
10 10 

Ilpeiia Tone hshocho je upoi^eHai RaHAH^aTa, 
KOJH cy CBpmHjiH: HymRHX s6H0RHx y onmTe 

caMO ocHOBHy mBo^iy . . . 9*09 55*17 42*50 
Hemro BHme oa oghobho niROJie 90*91 44*83 57*50 

Ha CTO MymRHX RanAHAaia, RoJHcy CBpmHJiH caMO ocnoBHy 
mRo^y, AO^asH^o je mecT cxoTHHa s6hckhx g hctom cupeioM; 
Ha npoTHB, Ha ero MymRHX RaHAHAaxa, rojh cy HMa;iH 6ojbj 
^opejiy, AO^asHJio je c xaROM cnpeMOM caMO 49 sencRHX. 

no roAHHaHa yspaera 6hjio je RaHAHAaTa, 

ROJB cy HMajiB : lyniRHX sencRHX cBera 



15 rOAHHa 






. - 1 


1 


16 . 






— 1 


1 


17 . 






. — 4 


4 


18 , 






1 9 


10 


19 . 






1 1 


2 


20 „ 






- 3 


3 


21 , . 






— 3 


3 


22 , . 






1 — 


1 


23 , . 






1 3 


4 


24 , . 






2 2 


4 


25 „ . 






3 - 


3 


26 , 






1 — 


1 


27 . . 






1 1 


2 


29 , 




, - I 


1 


CBera 




, 


11 29 


40 



IIpeMa TOMe hshocho je npoi^eHaT niAVAATa 

MymRHX mencRix y onmTe 
KOJH cy HiajiH AO 20 roA. . . 18*18 65*52 52*50 
KOJH cy 6hjih CTapHJH . . . 81*82 34*48 47*50 



10* 



148 



CTAH>E JABHE HACTABE V RPA^EBUHU CP6HJH 



Oahochh pasMopa HSMe^y MyniKHx h sghcrhx RanAH- 
Aaxa 6H;ia je koa ohhx, kojh cy 

HMHJiH AO 20 roAHHa . . Kao 100 : 360 

6hjih crapHJH .... „ 100:42 
y^HxeACKH HCHHTH ApaaHH cy noHajBEine y Meceijy Cen- 
TeM6py H OKTo6py, ho 6hjI0 hx je h y ApyrHM MeceijHiia^ 
TaKO HCDHTaHO je y Te^ajy oBe ipn roAHHe EaHAHAftTa 

y neceiiy: MymsHX sencKHX y onmre 

JaHyapy. 

$e6pyapy 

Mapiy . 

Jyjiy . 

CenieM^py 

OKTo6py 

HoBeM6py 

HaJBHine BaHAHAaTa jaBB;io ce na hcuht y jeceHCKHM Me- 
ceiiBMa, A&B<AG y OHO Ao6a BaA msojie no^Hfty paAHTH. 

SaBpmyjytiH obhh OAejibas o HcnHiHMa y^HxeibCRHX Ran* 
AHAaxa^ MH AOA^jeno, a^ J6 ucnHTHBafte hctbx npeAaxo ynpa- 
BBMa yqHTejLCRHX mRo^a, h a^ cy sa to nponncana napo^Hxa 
IIpaBH^a 4. Mapxa 1881. roAHHO, Roja jom h caA Base*^ 



1 


3 


4 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


3 


3 


2 


5 


2 


15 


17 


3 


5 


8 


— 


1 


1 



(CBPUIU'KB CB). 



H3 THMOHKE KPAJHHE. 

khjAhceba^kh oKpyr. 

nPHdOr 3A HCTOPHjy H ETHOrPA^Hjy GPBHJE. 



y KH>. LIV. „r;iacHHKa CpncKor y^enor ApyniTBa", 
TOBopeliH IUpBoj Pei^H c HCTopHJCKor-eTHorpa*cKor r^eAH- 
fflxa, MH ce H3Me^y, ocxajior, o6eLacMo Ha jeAHOM mbctj, ah. 
Ibmo y CBOJe speiie caonmiHTH Hese noAaxKe h hs cyceAHor 
fifi>a2KeBaqKor ospyra, kojh te noAai^H nocjiysHTH nao rpat^a 
8a npoyqaBatt>6 n Aonyny Hame HOBHJe ncTopHJe. 

Ho iDTo CMO c OBHM paAOM caAa roTOBH — MH ra gbo 
npeAajeMo jaBHOciH. 

'^jianas HHJe nnoaH noA yxHiiajeM saRBe roA TeHAOHiiHJe; 
J H>eMy cy HSHecene na KpaiKO no rABKOJa A^xa, Koja ce oa- 
Hoce Ha no3HaBafi>e oBor Rpaja Gp6HJe, Eoja cho y cia&y 
6hjih c Aocxa xemsoiie ab, upH((epeHO h paapaAHMO. 

noMe cxyAHJa oa r. r. Ap-a Maqaja(*) h MHmoBHta (•) , 
KOJH cy OBOM OKpyry HHcajiH, OBaj q^ianaK, HaAaMO ce, iio- 
nyHHiie jeAHy npa3HBHy y namoj hobhjoj ncxopnJH h noc^iys^H 
le nejbEj Bojoj je naMeften. 



(*) rx. KH.. II. CB. XIX cxp. 277 — 345. 
(*) Fj. kh*. XUX cxp. 5 3 — 125. 





150 U3THM0t]KEKPAJUHE 

KftaateBaHKH oEpyr — ct. ryprycoBawa HaxHJa — 
npHnaAa TniioqBoj BOAona^H. 

OABOJeu OA ocTa^e Gp((HJe bhcobhm njiaHHHaMa h n^ia- 
HHHCKHM cn^eTOBima, BH>as6BaqRH ORpyr oa BajsaAa je 6eo 
ynyheH Ha eaoOpabaj c /l^yHasoM, mio je, nopeA ocTajior, HMajia 
rojieior snaqaja h y HcropHJcsoJ npomAOCTH B»eroBOJ. 

IIoBpmHHa ospyra hshoch 1531 D km. r Ha tom npo- 
CTopy SHBH 61.605 CTaHosHHsa. Ha D km. AO^asn oa 
npHARBe 40.23 CTaHOBHHKa. 

J[o 17-or Janyapa 1859-Te roAHHe KH>a»eBaqKH oKpyr 
3Bao ce — ryprycoBa^KH. Ho nrro le roAHHe OKpyatHa Ba- 
pom ryprycoBaii ao6h hobo hmo EftaaieBaii, — to ce h 
OKpyr HasoBe: £ftaxeBaqKH. 

Kao IHpHa PeKa, hcto laKo h KH»a»eBaqKH OKpyr, j 
floqeiKy OBora BeKa, npHnaAao je y aAMHHHcrpaTHBHOM no- 
rjiOAy Bbahhckom namajiyKy. Bhahh je 6ho h npe xora noA 
TypitHMa, Ko^HKO ce sna, yneK cpeAHmre ynpaBHHx bjiscte 
3a neAy TflMo^Ky EpaJBHy c tom pasjiHKon, mio je Kpa- 
JBHa BsyaeTHO yaiHBajia Bebe noBJiacTBiie oa ocrajiHX naxHJa 
y OBOM nania;iy;cy. CyAeLH naK no lOMe, mio cy TypiiH, j 
upBO Ao6a, y ocBojennM BeMjbaiia, saApa^aBajiH Maxoii aotjio 
nocTojeLy ynpaBHy opranHsaitHJy h noAeJiy, mopjio 6fl ce npH- 
6msho yBexH, Aa je Bhabh, h y CTapHJe Ao6a, BasBo Kao 
cpeAHHiTe THMO^Ke KpaJHHe. 

y pHMCKO Ao6a noA ABpe^MjanoM (207—275) onaj Bpaj 
Kao Aoo TflMoqKO EpaJHne npHoaAao je o(5j!acTH Dacia ri- 
pensis c tmbrhm hoctom Eatiaria. 

H aKO je, no reorpa^CKH, THMO^Ka EpaJHHa y;ia3HJia 
y Topay MesHJy, HnaK uAceqeaa c jy»He h BanaAHe cipafle 
a HarHyia y npaniiy oa jyra na cenep, ynpaBHO je npana- 
Aa.ia AaKHJH. 

Ilpe OBora neKa, y Thmo^boj EpaJMHH noMHfty ce Ha- 
XHJe: EjiaAOBCKa, HeroTnncKa h GBpjLHmKa (noA bojom ce^ 



U3 THMO^KE KPAJHHE l5l 

paayMesajia AOi^HHJe TyprycoBawa Haxnja), Koje cy npHna- 
Aajie Bhahhckom namajiyRy. 

1813-Te roAHHe, no niTO Typi^H ocBoje Cp^HJy, noAe^ie 
PyprycoBaqKy HaxHJy laKo, a^ Me»HHa CBpAraiEa, Koja je 
611LAA sa cetfe AOTJie, npHnaAne BaaH, a Thmok onei ca 3a- 
r;iaBROM ocTany sace^HH n AO^y noA Bhahh. 

3a Bpeie npBora ycraHRa, rpaHHiia RftaseBaqRor oRpyra 
HBiJia je, BHme hjih MaH>e, onyAa RyAa m caAa c tom pas^H- 
ROM, mio cy H HeRO^HRa cejia nopeA rpaHniie A&HainH»e rho- 
seBHHe ByrapcRe npflA^'Ta 6HJia sa hsbbcho Bpeie oboh 
ORpyry, Rao h join HOROJiflRO cejia h3 HHMRor e nnpoxcRor 
ORpyra, rnxo ce ({exy y to BpoMe npHApy»H;ia ycxaHRy. Hs 
THX ce;ia, noMe nponacxa 13-Te roAHHe, MHore cy ce nopo- 
AHiie nocAe OAcejiHjie y yHyTpamftocT Cptfnje, rAe h Aanac 
2RHBe. Ha CBBepHoj crpaHE onei npeia Saje^apy, rpaHHiia je 
AOCTHsajia TecHaii BpaTapHsqRH, rojh je jom oa cxapEX spe- 
MOHa nosHaT Rao npojiasna u CTpaxernjcRa la^Ra sa y IIo- 
ATHaBAe, — 



EaA norjieAaHo na oora paBsajie e crape pflMCRe e 
rpqRe HOBiie, rnxo ce HCRonaBajy y oboh ORpyry, AOjiasEMO 
AO yBepeaa, Aa j© OBaj Rpaj, y Ao6a pBMCRO e rp^Re BJia- 
AaBHHe Mopao 6exh BanpeAaH h Ao6po HaceibeB (') HeRe oa 
xaMom&Ex cxapEBa Rao: Eo2Re^, FaBHH h GBpibEr, noAce- 
tiajy sac e na HEHyjio c^aBso Ao6a hs cxapHje cpncRe ecto- 
pflje. Ajih, Ro^iERO ce a^ e caAa oi^ohete, BetiE a^o pasBajia, 
Rao Aa i^B 6exb ocxaiiB e xparoBE jom TeoAOCBjoBor 3HAa, 
ROJE je c^yatBo aa le^y BBsaHXHjcRo-xyHCRy, sanoqeB oa 
ceBepHor asAaBRa CyBe n^aBBBe, OAaRJie uacxaje oxBop, Rpos 



(') Fa. XLV 57 M y hckojhko — Reise in Sfld Serbien und Nord 
Bulgarien non F. Kanitz cxp. 25 h Aaj>e. 




152 H3THM0^KEKPAJI1HE 

KOJH ce HAe 3a MopaBy, kojh je y oho Bpeie beamo sa- 
TBopHTH oHaEO, Kao fflTO je AiaHacHJe orpaAHo Ayra^Mn 
3HA0M jQ^apHrpaA oa nanaAaja BapsapcKHx; Kao niTO je Kh- 
xaj noAHrao roJieiH 3Ha npoTfrB Taxapa; m sao mio cy $yHi 
H AsapH noAHFJiH 3eMjbo6paHe no BaHaxy h Ba^Roj.... (') 
3a Bpeie JycxHHHJaHOBo noMHH»y ce y Thho^koj ao^hhh 27 
BapomH H RojeRaKHX Apyrnx rpaAiba. TpaAHmxe y SarjiaBKy, 
TojiyCai^ y THMOKy h Apyre MHore pasBajie — ocxaxi^H cy 
H3 xora AO($a. 

BasHocx THMoqsor Rpaja, BtfAir ce jom e no HpesH 
nyxoBa, rojh cy HeRaAa npoceiiajiH xaj Rpaj, H3 ^era ce Aa 
HSBecxH, Aa je y cxapo A0({a ({ho »hb caofipataj na OBOJ cxpaHH 
Cp(5HJe. r^iaBHa pacRpcHHita nyxoBa 3a TopftH Thmor 6fiAB, je 
y rpaAy PaBHOM. Oa rpaAa PaBHE, rojh jtj na JieBoj otfajiH 
THMOKa, nmao je jeAan nyx ao^ihhom xhho^rom Ha cenep 
npeRO BpaxapHHiie h ji^^jbe 3a Ay^aB ; Apyrn RpaR onex na 
KaAR({ora3 3a AfflMap-HaJiaHRy (Ratiaria); xpetn RpaR bo- 
AHo je y rpaA KoatejB h fl,dJbQ. OcxaiiH rpaAatia BHAe ce h 
Aanac Ha jeAHOJ RpeqHoj rocb ; a rjiaBHH RpaR wniao je onex 
npeRO MypxHHe ({ape h cejia IHxHnHHe jy»Ho y KH)a»eBa^, 
a OAax^e onex, yAapajyfew na IIoABHCy rAe ce bhao pa3Bajie 
OA jeAHor cxapor rpaAHta, Aa^e na CnpAHr, Him, h, Rao 
fflxo xBpAH r. MhhirobhIi, hcxh nyx, Rao waBBH Rpo3 Th- 
MoqRy AOJiRHy, 6ho je h Ra^APMHcaH('). 

Kpo3 THMoqRy AO^nny, Rao yA0(5By 3a npojiaa c Ji^o- 
H»er AyHana, nponiJiH cy «3 PyjiyHHJe mhoph napoAn, na h 
jeAan a^o G^OBena, rojh cy ce nacxanHJiH na BajiRancROM 
nojiyocxpny. Y cxapo AO({a, noMnae ce OBAe CjiOBencRO njiene 



(*) no-iyocTpBO HaupcKO (BsuiKaucKo) ca r^eAHnrra BojHor cxp. 
2 1 OA Aparameiiuha. 

(*) Tj. XLIX CTp. 102 u r.i. XLV cxp. 52 — 58 M^aaaK o ny- 
ToauMa y Cp6Hju onmnpHO H3pal)eH oa nyKOBHHKa Aps^rameenha 



H3 THMOMKE KPAJHHE |53 

„THMO^aHH*, KOJH CJ (JpaHHJIH CBOJJ MOCOAJ OA HEJeSAe 

ocBOJa^RHX HapoAa. 



EojIhko ce A& Ha npBH norjieA onasHTiiy E&aseBtiauH, 
no CBeiy HsrjieAa naM^A^ cy MaxoM AOce^eflHiifl, h to HaJBEme 
fls nponiJior Besa h hs pasHHx HOCTa y Gxapoj Gp^HJH. Hiia 
HXy KOJH cy ce aocgjihjih h hs npeAe^ia y AftHamiboj snese- 
BHHH ByrapcKoj — ho ohm cy y sHaTHOJ HaftHHH. Oco({hto ce 
4a npHMeTHTH no xpaAHiiiHJaMa, soje shbo h A^nac koa mho- 
rflx nopoAHAa, a^ cy EftaaieBqaHH HeKaAa, h to ho a^bho, ocTa- 
BHJiH CBOJ saBHqaj H OBAe ce HaceJiHJiH, ne HoraBmn no npH- 
qaH»y, chochth npHTHcas TypcRH y cbohb spajy. Me^y EH>a- 
aieB^aHHMa, sao mTO cho onasHJin, HMa hokhx pasjinsa h y 
JesHBy, na E y HomftH, h aso Te pasjiHBe HHcy TaBo oceTHe, 
H caHo Hx Mose npHMeTETH OHaj, KOJH je T0M6 o(ipatiao nasH>y 
E Ay^e BpeHe npo6aBHo y tom npajy. Oco6hto 3ar.'!aBqaHH, 
H to ohh mTO ;RHBe y rop&eH spajy, pasJiHKyjy ce AOCTa npi- 
HeTHo EaKo OA GBp^bHsana Taso h oa THMO^aHa, H sao Aft cy 
ce OHE AOcejiH^in naJBHrne m npeAOJia obo pese ^OMa. Oacb- 
^OHH OA caotfpabaja, 3ar^aBqaHH cy saApaia^H y HHoroiie CBOj 
npBo6HTHH TEH ; ajiE cy ocTa;iE h HasaAHHJK h orpaHnqeHHJK y 
CBBBOM nor.iOAy h oa GspjiHsaHa e oa THMo^aaa. 3eH;bHniTe 
je, Kao niTO ce beam, na h»hx mhofo yTHi^a^o — nopeA ocTajiHX 
ApyrHX npn^iHsa. Eao KasaB ohh, yByRao ce TopKH 3arJiaBaB 
npeHa Byrapcsoj, a HODpoJiaaHe njianHHe, sao hito ne^iB r. 
Tl^parameBHti, Hcnpe^HJie cy ce h xaj npocTop saMaBMJie. 

y PopaeM THMOKy, a na HMe y ce^iHua : AyBOBy Bjia- 
xoBy, IlepHmy h aP- 3Hajy h Aanac, a» cy ce h>hxobh npemH 
AOcejiHJiE H3 nnpoTCKor h TpncBor oKpyra. Kba cy ce npna nyT 
AOceJiEJiE, no npH^afty, HamjiH cy cByAa nycTora h npaany Hena- 
ce&eHy seMAy. Y napoAy je ocTajia npHqa h Aanac, a* je He- 
KaAa THMoqEH spaj TaKO (5ho onycTno, Aa ce no hjioahhm no- 




154 H3TUM0HKEKPAJHHE 

jbHMa H CTpaHiiHa temo^khm ^J^o caMO ypjiaH>6 SBeposa e 
kyKaae tyKaBiiH ; ohh jeAHHH npftKHAaxy rpoCny THmHHy Ka- 
AOCHor H onycTejior THMO^Bor Kpaja 

EaA ysMOHO caHo to, a^ je thmo^bh npeAOO yseK 6ho 
Ha yAapiiy CTpanoj HHBasHJH c AyHasa, oHAa ce ne Tpe(Ja qy- 
AHTH, niTO je y BHme npiJiEKa xaj spaj onycTomaBaH h pacej&a- 
BaH ({ho. TaRBO je CTaH»e, BHrae hjih HaH»e, 6hjio h y ocxajioj 
CpfiHJH. CipaniiJi, KOJH cy npe 300 roAHHa, h nowe Tora, 
nyTOBajiH Kpo3 Cp6HJy, He roBope HHniTa o Thmo^boj Kpa- 
JHHH 3a TO, niTO cy ce y nyTOBaay AP»ajiH uapHrpaACKor 
ApyMa, H HiTO, BHAH CO, HHcy OBaj Kpaj HK nosHaBa^LH. TeR sa 
BpeHe paxOBa AycTpejanai^a c Typi^iiHa najiasHiio no Kemro h 
Thmowoj KpaJHHH TAe ce roBopH — a;iH h to Majio h no- 
BpniHG. Me^y nyTHHijHMa hs 17-or h 18-or BeRa EABapA BpoBH 
H AeAH MoHTaH) HHcy nperepajiH RaA cy RasajiH Ha jeAHOH le- 
CTy y CBOM nyTOUHcy : Aa je CptJuja Jiena, rycTOM niyMOM no- 

RpHBena — aJiH y JbyAHMa npasna seiiba Obo bEXOBo 

RasKBa^e, nose ce OAHeTH h na thho^rh npeAeo, rojh je cna- 
RaAa xyAe cpeke 6ho, Aa je, Rao hito Beb peROcio, Bunie 
nyxa onycTomaBan h paceibaBan 6ho. 

Ham xpoHH^ap EoHCTanTHH «hjiocob, y sHBOTy A^cnoTa 
GTOBana AasapeBaba, roBopetiH na jeAHOH lecTy o paT0BaH»y 
GTeBaHOBOM c MycoM, 6aita y HesojiHRo cnexjiocT h na onaj 
Rpaj CpdHje. 14l2-Te roAHHe, y AeK^Mtfpy Meceiiy, Myca no- 
jiasetiH c BojcROM npoTHBy GTeBana, Rao 6ecaH snep, na^ebH 
H nycTometiE peAOM ys nyT ^Cb seaiiKoio a|^octTio ii ni^- 
BOMk BbC6 Ek KONbifb noT|^%BiiTH* Hanao je npBo Ha A^cno- 
TOBa cycSAa, a cBora npoTHBHiRa BoJBOAy XaMsy (Xamoyi^a), 
ROJH ce 6effle OAMeTyo ca cbojom o6;ianiliy h rpaAOBHiia : Co- 
ROJiiieM (roa Aji. EaH>e) h CBpjbHroM. Obh cy rpaAOBH 6hah 
y to BpeMe noA Bjiamfcy TypcROM. Oh caBJiaAa Xaiay, h y 
CoROAy rpaAy yxBaTH ra, na ra no tom onpaBH y JeApene, 
TAe je H rjiaBOM njiaTHo, fteroBy noRpaJHHy aayae, a CTa- 



U3 THMOqKE KPAJHHE 155 

HOBHHmTBo Tora Kpaja, Rao OAHeTHHRe, pacejiH h Hace^iH 
EHHa iiapcKe CQaxejiyse (^) . . . . 

Hs oBora ce y HeBO^HKO Mose BHAexH, mia je thho^bh 
spaj Mopao noAH6TH y oboj pasMapHi^H Typcsoj, h saRBa je 
cyA({a nocTHMa HapoA, ROJH je obab »HBeo h kojh je npH- 
Hy^en ($ho ab, ocTaBH CBOJ saBH^aj n ^a ce noxyita y xy- 

^BHCXBy. 

ApsoMO, Aa Hebe 6uxi na oambx, aRo obac, rojihro 
paAH npHMepa, ysrpoA RaaReMo nenixo h o ipaAHiiBJaMa, Roje 
SHBe H A^Hac ROA nojeAHHHX nopoAHiia, a Roje 6h BpeAHO 
6iiA0 npHRynHXH h HsnexH. jeAHoj nopoAHiiH, Roja je no- 
BHaxa y GapibHry noA HMeHOM ^ApnayxH^ npn^a ce, na npn- 
jiifRy, fl,2L ce je AOce^iHJia na Rpajy npomjior BeRa hs To^iaRa^ 
y AananifteM xohjihtoom ORpyry. H>hxobh npexAH, xpne^iH 
cy BejiHRe ay^yne oa Apnayxa, Cytfama, rojh je ({ho naA 
ToJiaROM, MyqHO je h rjiodno cnpoManiHe PojiaqaHe, a^ cy ce 
sCor H»era mhofh MopaJiH pace^HXH. JeAHe SHMe, RaRo npn- 
^ajy? Hapel^eHO je 6h^o PojiaqaHHMa, a^ Hsal^y Ha aPJM a^ 
pasrptiy cHer. 3HMa je 6H;ia, a^ ce Aoxjie HHje xaRBa aa* 
naMXHJia. HapoA je h onaRo orop^en 6ho mxo ce r;io6H^ 
RHH>H H Myqn RojeRaRBHM Aa^AHJaiia h Ry^iyiiiHHa, a caAa cy- 
6ania ORyaH na ApyHy nojeAHHe h a^* 3;iocxaBJi>a. Oco6hxo 
6eme RHBan OHHia, rojh ce ycyAHme, as* cBoje neaaAOBO^b- 
cxBO jaBHO HCRaayjy. UopoAHita ^ApnayxH", h>hx ocMopH^a 
H3 aaApyre, oa^ioje^enH na cy6aniy, AoroBope ce, xe cy6aniy 
jom OHAe Ha Apywy y(5HJy, ({aiie 8 Jionaxa c ROJHMa cy paa- 
rpxajiH CHer, h OAaxjie, no mxo Rpeny CBy CBOJy qejbaA o^ 
Rybe npeRo n^iaHHHa, 6eaetiH, cnycxe ce y RftajseBaqRu ORpyr^ 
Apyrn uama^yR, XAe ce h cxane. 

GjiHqna xpaAHi^HJa jrhbh h y nopoAHEiaMa : 'BycHka, Ta- 
xapaiia h aP* 'BycHbHMa, na npH^iHRy, ana ce, a^ c; ce 



C) Ta. XVII cxp. 306, 307. 



156 H3 TUMO^KB KPAJUHE 

J npofflJiOM BeKy ^ocmbah y cejio Mep^eAaT hs Ciape Cp6HJe; 
Aa je TO 6HJia je^Ha jasa saApyra, h Aa cy ce jeAHH OAce^fl^H 
Ay^Ae y yHyTpamftocx Cp^Hje, y cejio r^ieABt (y A- rpy^i), 
TAB H caAa a^HBe, a Apy^H y MepijiejiaT. y THMOKy onex MHore 
nopoAHEie SHajy, Aft cy bm npexifH aoiimh hs Kocosa h obab 
^ HacejiHjiH. 

y onniTe loateno petH, Aa ciapoceAejiana oa npe 100 
roAHHa H BHine ia4o HMa y obom ospyry. Eao jeAHa oa naj- 
<jTapHJHX nopoAHija y OBpyry, BaasH nopoAei^a CxaHOJeBika, 
ns Jl,e6eAEnej ks Roje cy, noA TypitHMa, H3^a8H;iH Ba3Aa kho- 

^OBH H 060pKHe30BH. — 

HapoA je y BftaateBa^EOM OBpyry y onmxe BpeAan h 
np6Ay3H]L/E>HB — a oco6hto mxeA^HB. IIoG^iyniaH je npeiia 
BAacTHMa ; a^H RaA My ce la najMafta seupaBAa y^HHH, 3Ao- 
naMXHAo je h xesH 3a ocBexoM. 

He MapH TOJiHKO 3a uecHOH, h npexiiocxaB^a Mrpy ne- 
BaH»y. .^yAH y onmTe pexso xaMo neBajy, seb o6b^ho see- 
CKe — By nojby, h Ha cAaBH, h na cBaA^H h y APyre cbb- 
qane a^hb. Gbojb jyHaKe h3 npBor ycxaHBa HHcy oneBaAH; 
a^B cy BX BaApaRaAB y ceiiaHy, y npB^aMa, b to caMO jom 
BOA cxapuJBx, no mTO cb Hjia^H, Kao niTo cmo ce yBepsjiB, 
<ji9L6o BAB HHMaAO OAymBBJkaBajy BpABnaHa cbojbx npeAasa. 

Oa npBor paTa c TypiiHMa* EH»aaEeBqaHB cy hmobho 
nocpnyAH, a^ HBcy y cxaH»y, 3a bbidb roABHa, a^ ce noABXHy 
— Bao raxo cy npe paxa 6hab. GHpoTHfta bx je o^ypaaAa h 
jdHAa BOA MHorBX CBaBy HaAy na fioABxaB. Oco({bxo y obom 
noxABAy 3arAaBqaHB Bao a& noHajrope jom cxoje. Taj Bpaj 
AOAasH AftHac y pBA HajdBAHBJHX BpaJBBa Cp(JHJe, IIocab Apy- 
ror paxa, BAacxi cy, Bao mxo cmo CAymaAB, caBBXOBaAB ch- 
poMaiOEBJe SarAaBqane, Aa ocxaBB CBoje npA>yine b bpabxb, h 
Aa ce OACBAB y HOBO-AodBBBHB BpaJBBB. Aab A»y({aB B saBH- 
qajy saApataAa hx je, xb cy ocxaAH tab cy, a* cb My^B h 
^AonaxB. KftaatBBqaHH cb y xomb pasABByjy oa ApyrBX Bpa- 



U3THM0qKEKPAJHHE 157 

jeBa Cp(jHje. PeiKOCT je 6iiJ!a BHAeiH ao npBor paia, a* ko- 
roA H8 OBor OKpyra ocraBH CBojy Kyty h a^ OAe Ha cxpaHy 
Aa npHBpeAH rnxo sa aaApyry. 0^ npBor para nan, cBase 
roAHHe, c npojieia, y Macaia, OAJiaae y PyiyHHJy y ne^a^6y 
— HCTO Kao Si IlHpoliaHH, H TaMO ocrany npeKo i^ejior Aeia 
paAe&H Temse nojbcse paAOBe sa leBHaTHy AHeBHHiiy oa 4^ 
5^ 6 rpoma, xe aa Taj HaqHH n^abajy nopesy h sajnpe^e 
noTpetfe noAUHpyjy. 

Csopo CBH EftaseBqaHH, n I fl II h III KJiaca yqe- 
CTBOBajiH cy y paxy c TypitHia. KaA cy ce npBor paxa Bpa- 
THAE H3 paxa, HamjiH cy oa cbojhx Ryba no naJBHine srapn- 
mxa ; HHore nopoAHiie hs Sar^aBsa 6iiji6 cy xaAa sapotf^eHO 
H OABeABHe y Be^nrpaqBE, h, xe» no rnxo je aaKAyqen inp^ 
BpaxHme ce sytiaiia — cAHsa, Roja aac noAceka sa cnpoxe 
Xepi^eroBiie, Koje je ^epiaB cbojom bh^hi^om osaKO Bera- 
xaqKH yieo Aa npeACxaBH. Mnorn cy ce onex, onKO^eHH oa. 
Typasa, spH^H no n^aHBHaMa h nebsHaMa aok Hije npHMHpje 
saEAyqeHO, a kojh cy onex paHHje H36erjiH, a^ionaxH^H cy ce 
Boje TAe y yHyxpanntocxH Cp(5HJe. BopetH ce y oda paxa c 
Typijnia, KftaaeBqaHH cy xojihko HBrHny^H, Aa j© y to Bpeie^ 
a oco6hxo y CBp^nry, pexKO Koja Kyta ocxa^a a Aa BHJe 6HJ!a 
y i^pHO BaBHjeHa. CBpAHataHH cy na 6ojhom noAy rope cxpa- 
AawiH H oa TBHoqana h oa 3arjiaBqaHa. (^) 



(') r. MHQiKOBHh, KojH je, Docie npBor paxa, 6ho be boJhoj 
cay>K6B y TOM OKpyry, OAyje xsaay KibasKeB^aHBua, npBSHaJyhB, Aa 
EH jeAaH OKpyr y Cp6HJH, y npBOM paxy, hbJc Bwrne Kpsae b Ma- 
TepHjaaae mpj^e npBHCO aa oaxap c4o6oAe b xywaBBxeTa oa OBor 
OKpyra. Ta. XLIX cxp. 16. 




158 U3TUM0qKEKPAJHHE 

Ilpe Hero mio 6h ce ynycTiiJiH y H3JiaraH»6 HcropHJcRHX 
Aoral^aja h npn^HRa hs BpeiieHa npBor ycTansa h nocjie 
Tora, AP^HHo — Ad Hebe 6hth HS^iHUiHOy 4a 6aiiHH0 Ha h 
jeAaH JieTHMHqaH noMeA na paanje Aoral^aje h3 npomjior BBRa, 
ROJH cy ce 360JajiH ea obom spajy Cp^Hje. Ha xaj HaqiH, y 
H3JiaraH>y, AotiH keMo B ao Tora, a& o6jacHHHO npHJiHRe, y 
ROJHMa ce OBaj npaj Hajia3H0, BaA je y UlyvaAHJir npsa 
nyfflRa sa ocjiodo^eifce nyRjia, — 

HHJe 663 ocHOBa, mTO sapoA y obom ORpyry iip3H Hem^e 
rope HO H caHe Typne. IIo napoAHOH BepoBafty, Roje je, 
bhah ce, Hac;ieAH0, Heiii(H cy h npeBpTj^HBH h JiyRaBH h 
onacHH 3a Gp6e n npaBOCjiaBjbe y oniDTe, h oa &hx ce Bajba 
H 6ojaTH H qyBaxH. Obo yBepefte, RaRo ce bhah, ocTa^io je 
y HapoAy jom hs Ao6a paT0BaH>a AycTpHJanaiia c TypAHiia. 
Oco(iHT0, Rao mTO npH^ajy, ohh RpajeBH y obom ORpyry, 
ROJH cy 6hjih npHCTynaqHBJH h na yAapiQf, CTpaAajiH cy y pa- 
TOBHMa, RaRo OA TypcBe, TaRO H OA aycxpHJcRe bojcro, AycrpH- 
jaHi(H cy ce y to^ihro caxo pasjiHROBajiB oa TypaRa, mxo HHcy 
OABOAHJIH HapoA y pofijbe, h mio HHcy y({HJa;iH Rao TypijH — 
HHa^e HHRaRBe Apy^^ pasjiHRe Me^y H>HHa HHJe 6hjio. 

PaTOBH AycTpHJanaiia c TypijHMa y 17-om h 18-om 
BORy (1690 H 1737 roA.) HaJBmne cy AonpHHe^iH, a* ce H3 
Gp^Hje, na h H3 oBor Rpaja, cHAan CBex hcoah; a^^ RH>ase- 
BaqRH ORpyr, rojh je B aotjio sanaMTHo 6ho caMo 3a 6eAy 
h HOBOj^y, CRopo onycTH h a& ce pacejiH. 

EaA je aycipHJcRa BOJcRa npBH uyi Aora^a y oBaj Rpaj, 
cBaRH je noBepoBao, a^ to AycxpHJa, H3 xpHmbancRHx no- 
6yAa H qoBewocTH, ocj!o6oahth cpncRH napoA oa TypaRa. 
To yBepeae, saApatajio ce h noc;ie Tora RaA cy Aycrpn- 
janiiH no hobo aohmh h 8ay3ejiH Tnio^Ry EpaJHny. 3a to cy, 
H3 OBor Rpaja, Rao mTo npH^a rpao UIiieTay, rojh je AOi(HHje 
OHHcao paT0BaH»e AycTpHJanaita c TypiiHHa, MHore A^nyTa- 
itHje Cp6a Hsam^e npoA Mapma^ia EeBenxHJiepa, RaA je OBaj 



113 TUMO^KE KPAJUHE 159 

<5 BOJCKOM nponyxoBao h3 FyprycoBi^a thmo^kom aojihhom h 
npHJaBHJie My ce, ab, 6e eapoA TaMomH>H se^eo a& y era ho 
Ha TypKe. (*) HapoA je la^a HSApataBao BOJcKy aycrpijcKy, 
qHHHo joj cBeKOAHBe ycjiyre, Koje cy ce oa ftera TpaatHJie, a 
noBpx Tora 6bao je h AotfpoBOAaija, kojh cy yieciBOBa^H y 
6op6aHa. Ua HoaK aycrpHJCRa Bojcsa, y noBpaTsy, nji>a^Rajia 
je CByAa poAOM — rope ho h caMH Typi(H. UlTa Bsnie, HMa ne- 
RHx 3HaK0Ba, no KoJHMa 6h ce Mor^io BepoBaTH, Aft cy Ay- 
CTpHJaniiH y tom Bpajy paAHJiH h ea niHpeH>y RaT0JiEitB3Ma.(*) 

no mio je OTHHua aycrpHJcRa BojcRa, h no hito cy 
TypitH OBaj Rpaj no hobo saysejiH, cBe one, rojh cy yue- 
maHH 6h^h y paTy, hjih rojh cy Ma RaRBe ycAyre ^hhbjih 
aycrpHJcRoj bgjci^h, ipaatHJiH cy TypAH, h ano cy hx narajiH, 
p^aBo cy npojiasHJiH. 3a to cy mhofh, npHHyl^eHH, ocxaBj^a^H 
CBOJ saBR^aj ; neRn cy ce RpHJiH no njianHHaMa ; horh cy ce 
Ha nocjiOTRy OAMeia^iH y xaJAyRe — h na Taj na^HH cbgthjih 
ce Typiii^Ma, 

UlyMOBHTH RpajoBH TflMORa, ROJH cy orpanaR oa Baji- 
Rana, oa RaRO ce naMTH, noA TypiiHMa, nncy HRRaA 6h;ih 
<(e3 xaJAyna. nopoA mhofkx npn^a o xajAyiiMa^ Roje cy ocTa^ie 
h AftHac y HapoAy^ cneAO^e h nasHBH nojeAHHHX MecTa : xaj- 
Ay^RH RJiaAenaii, xaJAyiRH rpo6 h t. a. Ha OHAa romo jora 
HHJe no3HaTa, 6ap no ^yBe&y, TpecH^ada, a napo^HTo oa 
BpeMOHa npBor paTa, tao je ona o^ajnnqRa (iHTRa 6HJia y 
Meceiiy Jyjiy? ... na sa thm ohojihrh nasHBH nojeAHHHX 
MOCTa, HITO ce AOBOAe y Be3y ca HenaRBOM s^ior^acHOM (ia- 
<(0M H xaJAyitRMa Rao : Ba6HH Hoc, Ba^HH 3y6, Ba6HH Eaji, 
Ba^HHa PjiaBa, MyqH6a6a n t. a* 



(*) Reise in SOd Serbien und Nord Bulgarien crp. 47 u 48. 

(') HuTopecHO je, uito cmo y tom OKpyry MyiH, Aa mhofii h 
Aauac Ka>Ky — npHqecTHTH ce aKOHKaru'^ — oa concare. Bea cyMii>e, 
Aa je OBa peM ocTaaa y HapoAy joui us Ao6a B^aAaeHHc Aycxpu- 
jaHaaa. IlMcaix. 



160 USTHMOqKBKPAJUHE 

y CBpAHry je, Ha npH^HKy, ocrajia h ao Aaaac npH^a^ 
^a cy xaJAji^H MHoro yqHHHJiH, Te je, je4Hor BpeHena, o^aic- 
maHO 6eao cxafte HapoAj noA Typi^HMa; jep cy ce nojeASHs 
TypitH 6oja;iH ocBexe xaJAy^Ke. neKOM A^BHAy, xaJAyKj, 
npnqa ce h A&Hac, A&je ocHoaao ce;io Aabhaobi^h ; o PaA- 
MHJiy, A& je ocHOBao cejio PaAMHpoBiitr h t. a* 7 cejiy Ta- 
AH6a6HHiiRHa, nopeA nyxa, c jysHe crpane, ctojh h A^Hac 
jeAan cnoMen bhchh6 CRopo 2 neTpa oa RaMena h na H»eHy 
HRTDHc: Heiap 1772-re reAMHe. CnoieH OKpyiRyjy HeKOJiHRo 
oApacjiHx rpMOBa. npana ce Aa je Ha tom lecry norHHya 
OA Typana h na hctoh Mecxy caxpaH»eH neRH IleTap xaj- 
AyR, ROJH je BHffle roAHna xaJAyROBao y CBpjbHry, TaJintfa- 
6HHqaHH cy My y tom BpeMeny hoahoh cnoMen, rojh ce je m 
AO AftHac OApaRao. Upe neROJiHRO roAHHa, jeAan MeniTaHBH^ 
6eme OAcenao jeAaH rpM na tom MecTy, h oAxax Hsa Tora 
AecHa My ce pyRa, ne^e, ocymHJia. HapoA Bepyje, Aa ra je sa 
TO RasHHO Bor, h c nomTOBafteM npejiasH h A^Hac obom 
Mecxy, 

EoA IlaHAHpa^a, cJiymajiH cmo, a^ je jeAna ^era xaj- 
AyRa OA 40 AyAH, y KoqnnoM paiy, Roja je Bame roAina 
xaJAyROBaj&a y iipHopeqROM, RH>aseBaqROM h a^ieRCHHaqROM 
ORpyry, no^asetiH c jecene na shmobhhr, naHHiJia na sacoAy 
TypcRy, u y 6op(5H c TypiiHMa, ceM ABOJHiie, Rao hito npa- 
qajy, CBH cy HsrHHy^iH. JeAan ce oa xaJAyRa HORaRO cpeliHO 
cnace h npe^erne y AyrrpHJy, a ApyrH, rojh je 6ho h apaM- 
^ama, AO^ena ceBa^Rana, rAe ce je horo Bpene Rpio, na 
no TOM OAe y TpHOBO n Ty ce CTann. 

Hy A^ npel^eMo iipeRo cnnjy OBaRHX paannx npHqaH>a 
xaJAyiiHMa h h>hxobhm ocTaBaMa, Roje ce qecTo y tom Rpajy 
HCTpa»yjy, h a^ HaexaBHMo A^^e name HSJiarafte. 



^ 



HSTUMO^KEKPAJHHE 161 

IlasBaHQHjy h H>eroBy BJiaAaBiiHy, Koja Je npexxoAHjia 
ycTaHKf y obom spajy, CTapn JbjAJA ca saAOBOjiCTBOM homh- 
fta^H cy Ayro a Ayro. 

Bhahhcbh OAMeTHHB, HO HiTO sayse KpaJHHy a II,pHy 
Fesy^ H napoA y tom spajy saAotfH aa ce66^ xtbab h Kfta^KeB- 
^ane a^ npHApy^RH c66h. Ajih EftaaReB^aHH se XTOAome ra 
npHdHaTH, HHTH HaB npHCTaTE AA ra y 6op6n 6poTHB aapa 
noiorny. GekajytiH ce, Raso cy neBaAa 340 npo;ia3HjiH h»b- 
xoBH npeTi^H noA AycTHJaHiiHMa BaA je 6hjio noBymaja Aft 
ce oc;lo6oa6 TypaBa, h, sflajybH, a^ IlasBaflijLHJa^ sao Typ^HB, 
Be M02Be 3Jia mbcjibtb CBOjoj seHJBB, a nps tom pa^ynajytiB h 
TO, Aft ce OB Moase c Aapeii b BaMBpETH, bo XTOAome ce ab^h 
Ba B>eroBy pe?, bbtb Aft ra npBSBBAy bso EpajBBi^B h D^p- 
BopeqaBB. Bjibctb TypcBe y TyprycoBiiy, ({ojehB ce noKpoTa, 
MeABJie cy y to Bpeiie Aa 3aA0B0^e BapoA, b Aft My bo 
Aajy noBOAft Aft ce ({yBH. Typasa je 6bjio caio y TyprycoBAy 
B Bap. CBp^Bry, b BemTO no Kapayjiaia, Boje cy hoabf- 
Byre 6B^e 36or xaJAysa. Ajih obh BBcy qHBHJiB BBBasBa 
3Jia BapoAy, a peTso cy bba h HSJiasHjiB y BapoA BaB 110 
BaBBoj noTpe6fl. 

Aa Be 6b ko toa ca CTpaae Aoraao h 6yBB0 KB»a»eB- 
^aBe, B3Meiy D^pBe Pese h KH>aaceBaqKor ospyra, TypiiB no- 
CTaBe ^ecre crpaae. HaA CBHMa CTpaata^a oApoAe 3a 6jJbjK' 
({amy HCKor PaAOJKa MBxajjioBHlia, h3 HoBor Xana, kojh je 
c 40 naBAypa KpcTapno Ba CBe CTpaae. KpcTapetiH jeABOM 
BaB^e PaAOJKo Ba Bese jQ^pBopewBe, kojb cy aobi^h 6ha\\ 
Aa 6yBe KH»a2KeB%Be, PaAOJKO bx nosose Ba npoAajy, a;iH 
ce OBH OAynpy, h, aa Taj BaqaB, AO^e ce h ao 6oja, bojom 
npHJiHKOM : jeAaB oa D^pBopeqaaa 6yAe ^laso paH>eH h no6erHe, 
a Apyrora yxBaTO b nory(5e. Oa PaAOJKOBHX MOMaaa, y Toj 
6op6H, noPHByo je aeKH Yaya Jobbb 6apjaKTap, kojb je y 
TOM BpeMeay 6bo qyaea ca jyaaBiTBa. 

r,lACHHK LXX 1 1 



162 HSTUMOMKBKPAJnHE 

KaA UasBaHpHJa OApa^a AOi^BHJe no6cAj ea^ iiapcROH 
BojcROM, jAapH Ha TyprycoBaii, kojh My ce 6e8 oinopa npe- 
AaAe. Hs PyprycoBiia, Kao n h3 CBp^ura, cbh HMyliHHJH 
TypAH, paHHJe cy ce ({hjih oaccjih^ih y Hnin, qyBmn KaKBv 
BojcKy BOAH IlasBaHflHJa, Koja Hefce niTeAHTH hh Typse hh 
Gy6e. GaMO je koa rpaAa GBpj^Hra HaHinao fldSBaHijiHJa na 
OTEop. JeAHa leia TypaKa, y Eojoj je 6hjio h HeniTo Cp6a ns 
ORpyra s&aseBa^Kor, 6enie sayse^a iiosnaTH AOOHjie so a 
rpaAa Gap^nra h ApsaAa ce ynopso. Ho BHAetoi na no 
o/ieTRy, Aa ce He Hose OApisaTH npeA HaAMO&HnjoM chjioh 
na3BaHi][BJHH0H, noBy^e ce narpar y Hnm. IlasBaHijHja na- 
peAH no TOM CBOJHM ApnayTHMa, Te sana^e Bap. CapjiHr, 
H, COM ijaMHJa, HHfflTa y H>oj Apyro HHcy noniTeAH;iH, JeAHa 
OA OBEX i][aMHJa, Boja je 6njia SHAana, OApsaM ce aoii- 
HHJe AO 1834-Te roAHHe. Te roAHHe, 6yAe Hapei^eno, Aa ce 
nopyniH, h, hito je Mor^io Aa ce ynoipe^H oa MaiepHJajia, 
npeneceHO je y BaH>y h yuoTpe(ij»eHO na sHAaae TaMoniH>e 
iipsBe. 

IIpHqajiH cy HaM cyBpeMeneiiu, Aa je BapomHiia GBpji»ur, 
y nocjieAH»e npeMe, cJiysHJia aa nsjiaa MHorHM Typi^EMa hs 
HHma H TyprycoBija — sao Mecro aa yatHBaae, rAe cy ohh 
AOJiasHJiH H no ^HxaBO JieTO npoBOAH^iH. EopoA ocxajinx Apy- 
FHX ysHBaifaa, o^nqno KaA Aol^y ^oth, sajase Thmor koa 
„IIjiaTHa''y H Ha qaMAHMa sa to napo^HTO nanpaBj^enHM, 
BOSHJiH cy ce no THMOKy najnpe ao (iaftHi^e, na Ty no hito 
ce OByuajy, boshjih cy ce ao A^P^^na y3 Thmor, na ce nocjie 
no MeceqHHH naTpar Bpaba^H. IIpHqaJiH cy naM hcto TaRo, 
Aa je H y Hbhi? caMOM peTKOCT fiHJia bhaoth y to BpeMe 
OHaRfix RonaRa, onaRo mapoHnx h yRycno Hspa^ennx aor- 
caTa — Rao y GBpjkary, Oco({hto cy xbsjihjih ApBopes h 
yRpace y cortaMa, na niTa cy HMytnHJH TypuH MHoro no^a- 
ra^H. IIopeA OBaRo JieuHx h iiHopacTHX RonaRa, 6hjio je n 
AO 40, 50 RyliHiia njieTapa, y Kojima cy cnpoManiHH Typiin 



H3 TBMOHKE KPAJUHE 163 

B no TAe KOJH OA Cp6a mBBe^H, a 6^ao je b 5, 6 Aytaaa, 
Kao B jeAafl xan sa nyiBBse. 

Ha GBpjbBra cAysBJiB cy ce Typi(H BaJBeme Taso SBa- 
flUM ^KaABJBBBM** nyxei sa y Hbbi, kojb je aajiasBO aa cejio 
njiysflfly, a OAaTjie Bajnpe^nM nyxeM, npeso Eajiao^aia a 
EypBJioBa, cnyBiTao ce y AOJiBBy HBraase. Tbm nyxeM u 
Aaaac ce io»e sa 3V, caAa oxatiB y Hbbi. 3a BaH>y bo- 
ABO je nyx Bpeso cejia : Me^BJer 4»0Jia b AaBBAOBai^a, na no 
xoM Ba Ocxpy ^yny b Ospea CBjiasBO je y Baa,y sa 5 caxii. 
HsMel^y CspABra b pasBa^ia jOABora rpaABka y IIoABBcy, 
nosBajy ce b Aaaac xparoBB cTapor nyxa, mxo je boabo 
flesaAa bs K&asoBiia y HBm, a npeKo GspjbBra, na OAax^ie 
npeRO HnmeBaiiia b TpaMaAe sa y Hbbi, XAe ce b AftBac Mory 
HakB xparoBB cxape Ka^iApMe, Kojy jejom 1784-xe roABBe 

ayCXpBJCBB flapeABBK IIOBOpBB Ba jeABOJ peBOrBOCUBpOBBB 

OA TpaMaAe ao HameBaita nosnao. 

y GBpjbBry je csarAa 6opaBBo xypcsB ajaa, bjib, Rao 
mxo ra je aapoA SBao, BOJBOAa, rojh je c borojibro cejxeaa 
ynpaB^ao cbp^bbirom RBesBBOM. IIocjieAftB BOJBOAa, kojb je 
xy atBBeo, (5flo je xaRO SBaBB — ApenoBBBa, o romo ce 
npB^a, Aa J6 ^HO cypoB — aJiB b npaBOAaB cxapeniBBa. KaA 
je nopymeaa oaa Bapomniia, OBAa je BeRO apeiie cxanoBao 
BOJBOAa y HameBiiiBiia, na ce noc^e npeMecxao y Ba&y. 

rpaABk CBpABr, HBJB ocxaxiiB fl AftBac Ba jeABOJ cxeaa 
cxoje, Rao mxo ce bbab, aaje as pancRor Ao6a. Ilpe be 
6axBy aRO ae as xypcRor, a obo aemxo npe xora as cpn- 
CRor A0(5a. 

Hy Aft npe^eiio Aa^e. 

KaA IlasBafli^HJa ocaoja a nopyma Gfipj^ar, yAapB sa 
xBM aa Ham, a^B ra ne Morame oxexa. Bpakajyta ce rH>e- 
Baa oxyAB, Rao mxo se^ia r. MajiabeBBti aa cxp. 35 csor 
Aejia ^KpaAeBBBa Gpdaja* (aamRB ORpyr) ocaexao ce ys 
nyx ceJiBMa : Manila a aP- y BamROM ORpyry. Apaayxa Ila- 

11* 



164 HSTHMO^KEKPAJHHE 

dBanpuJEHH, ROJH cy qnHHJiH jesrpo fteroBe BOJCBe, hhcj tok 
npH^HROM niTeAHJiH y noBpaTsy he ce^ia KftaaseBaqBa ByAa 
cy npomjiH. Gbo je 6rao Hstferjio i nocaspHBajio ce no ujia* 
HflHaMa AOK HHJe Bojcsa npomjia. 

HcnpBa je IIa3BaHi][HJa zao nocrynao c RibaaceBqaHHHa. 
Tepao EX je Ba kjajk y Bbaeh, rAe cy onpaB^a^iE rpaA^ 
BOCE^ifl ^EBaAe, sacflnajiE nyiOBe e t. a* Ajie AOi^EEJe cy 
noA E>Hi yacEBa;iE cJiotfoAe, saRBe aotjib eoa Typi^EHa EHcy 
sanaiiTE.iE. 

Gen cy6ania, boje cy caMo y ESBecEHM MecTEHa CTaBO- 
BajiH, satipaBEO je CTporo ocia^iEM Typi^nMa Aft ce BHl^ajf 
110 cejiEMa. UlTa Bsme nnje ((paBEO flapoAy, e Aa xose 
y^ETE Typ^naa, caHo aRo 6e Aomao y ce;io e ^eeeo sa- 
cEJba. Hapo^ETO je HpsEO HflniRe TypRe, npoTEB rojex cj 
My qeCTo AO^asEJie xyattfe, aa ESBy^aBajy no ce^iEMa lacra, 
fl Aft Bpnie sacE^a sa aBescREHa. 

OrapE ^yAE xBa^ie e Aasac BEAEECRe TypRe caaxEJe. 
Beaubcre TypEiH, 6nJiE cy, no npEqaH>y h>exoboh, AynieBEH 
ibyAE, E pasyMeaa^LE cy mra sna^E HexaH»e e ocRyAEi^a. KaA 
cy BH flOCEJiH AGcexaR y Beaee, ysExa^E cy ex na pe^ e 
6e3 xepe. IHxa BHme, A^BaAE cy ex sa noaajxiiity co, e qe- 
RajiE EX AO HAybe JiexEEe a^ hx n^axe. 

TaRBe cy 6HJie y onmxe e cae BJiacxH xypcKe y obo 
Ao6a. IlasBaBQEJa je napoqnxo xoxpEO sa nocxynaH>e BiEXObo 
c flapoAOM, E cxapao ce asl 6yAe BapoA^ roabro je xoryke 
BEme, saAOBo^an, e Aa sexa noaoAa Aa ce dysE npoxEB ftera. 
Hy xaRBO je cxaH>e xpajajio caxo Aoxjie, aor je ob ({eo xeb^ 
E AOR je BjiaAao xbm Rpajex, a, nocAe B>eroBe cxpxE, Typ^E 
cy flacxaAE BJiaAaxE no cxapox o6flqajy. 

npEqa ce, Aa je y CBpA>Ery, sa apexe IlasBaEQEJEBO^ 
6bo EeaaRaa cy6ama p^aa qoaeR, roje je bjso nocxynao c Jbj- 
AExa. CapAiEsaflE ra onxyse IlasBaBQEJE. ^a8Bafl^Eja oa- 
xax nom^e napoqExor Roxecapa a^ npo^e xaj Rpaj e a& 



H8 TUMOMKE KPAJUHE 165 

ncnHxa Tysde ftHXOBe. EaA je casBao 36op h ynsTao na- 
poA AA Kase CB6 mxa HMa npoTHB cytfame, cbi cy, se^ie, ky- 
TajiH H HHRO ce He ycyAB A& naa^e y npBH lax e Tys6oH. 
0({op-KHe8 PaJKO, H3 TymeBija, kojh je cBarAa yra^ao Typ- 
nwnhf petiH be TaAa KOHecapy, a^^ napoA neiia niTa Aa Ha- 
BeAe npoTHB cy6aine ; a& j^ 7 onmTe saAOBOJbaH c BJiacTBMa; 
Aa flia CBera Aocxa, h a^ HeHa BBme Apyro a^ nosejitf, ho 
^a HMa jora i ocrane cpe6pHe h t. a- TypqHHy ce AonaAHe 
OAroBop PaJBOB, h sa to ra hoxbrjih npeA napoAOi, a, y 
snaB 0A^HB0BaH»a, saorpne ra 6HH>Hinei. 7 Tone ce HcraRHe 
HesH PaAOJBO TpH^BOBHti, TaBO SBaHH GdJTap, H cTane no6po- 
jaBaxH 3Jia, soja je no^HHflO cytfama, a, nocjie H»era, ocuejie 
ce H ApyrH OHAe na stiopy, ROJHiia je cy6ania BasBy ee- 
npaBAy y^HBHO, xe sdor xora cyfiaina 6yA6 OAMax ya^o- 
fteH, a ea fteroBo Mecxo AO^e ApyrH, bojh je 6ho Coae oa 
npBor. — 

n83BaH]][Hja je nacxojaBao h y obom OBpyry, Kao h y 
iipHope^BOM, Aft ce 3anaxH 6ojbH coj osaiiia u uacMHHa BOHia. 
€oj OBai^a RftaseBa^KHx, oa bojhx ce AO^HJa A^nac Byna, 
Roja, nocjie BpHBOBHpcRo, 3ay3HMa npBO Mecxo y Cp^HJH, 
H3 xora je Ao6a. Ji^o RpHMCRor paxa, y RH>aseBa«OM ORpyry, 
<$H^o je ROfta, noMemaHe apancRe pace, rojh cy ce oajih- 
ROBajiH 6p3HHOM H AypainHomhy. HHcy 6eae BeJiHRH, ajiH cy 
npeRO CBaRe Mepe 6njiH ^yxi h oRpexHH. C RH>aseBaqROM 
ROftHiioM HaJBHme je Be^RO h Morao qHHHXH qyAa. TypiiH 
cy, y RpHMCROM paxy, n;iatiajiH R0H>e y RH»aseBaqROM ORpyry 
OA 30 — 50 AyKSTa, H, fflxo roA je 6eao 6o;hHx Roaa, OHAa cy 
HSBesM, na cy OHAa npemjiH h y iipHope^RH oRpyr. 

PoBopetiH IIa3BaHQ0JH H H»eroBOJ B^aAaBHHH, HaMepa 
HaM je 6bab,, Rao inxo cmo Be& na joahom Mecxy Ra3a;iH, Aa 
HBHOceMO npH^HRe, y ROJHMa ce OBaj Rpaj Gp6tfje Hajia3H0 
y BpeMeiy, KaA je oxnoqex ycxanaR y HlyMaAHJH, 



166 U3TUM04KEKPAJHHE 

He mio HHjo 6eao cBecTH h 0AynieBAeH>a 3a GJio6oAy 
KOA OBor HapoAa, aeb Apyru yspoAH ci[6Ta;it( cy Aa ce OBaj 
Kpaj noBpene ea ycraHaK ao 1807-Me roAHHe. 

Kao mxo je nosHaTo, tmmomkh Kpaj CpfiHJe. no reo- 
rpaocsoM no^osajy, OAce^en je oa ocrajie Gp6HJe njiaHHHaiia 
B nJiaHHHCsHH cn^eTOBHMa. Mei^y thm, sao mro ce sna, yrpo- 
S6H je 6ho CBarAa oa HHma h BeAHHa, y kojhm TBpl^aBaMa 
yseK je 6opaBH^o no neKOJiHso XH^aAa Bojcse TypcKe, soja 
je y CTaH>y 6B^a Aa CBau noicpex h y cBaso ao6A yrymE. 
KaKBe cy nocjieAHi^e o^esHBa^e napoA y tom spajy, sojn 
je H onaRO y BHme npn^iRKa, sa Bpeie paTOBa AycrpHJaHai^a 
c TypitBMa, CTpaAao 6ho, — to ce je Morjio nanpeA npeA- 
BHABTH. A jom saA ce ysiie h to, a^ THMO^sa Spajina, y 
to BpeMe, HHJe oceba^a npHTHcas TypcKH, sao niTO cy ra 
oceLa^H Apyrn cpiiCRH KpajeBH, koJh cy npHnaAa^m (Seo- 
rpaACROM namajiyRy, oBAa neje ce lor^o o^eRHBaxH, saA ce 
CBe npH^Hse, Rao dito peRocMo, npoi^ene, a& j^AftH Rpaj oa- 
ce^en h yrpomen, ynycrn ce (Ses noMoLn h Bese y nepaBBy 
6op6y c Aft^'^KO HaAMoLHHJHM nenpHJaTe^ei. Tor RaA je Ila- 
SBaHijHja yMp'o, h, RaA cy Typi^s y obom ORpyry noqejiH s^a 
qHHHTH napoAy ; saA cy ce sy^yiiLapH h Rpaoneje napoAne 
pasHH^H^H CByAa no ce^iHMa, OHAa ce no^e oceLaxH jasHO 
RO]iemaH>e h He3aA0B0A>cTB0 y sapoAy, h, RaA je CTHrao 
Be^Ro, H o6eLao, a^ t^e ao^h y noMoL h3 UlyMaAHJe, napoA 
je caB ;iHCTOM ycTao 6eo na TypRe. Cbh BHt^eBHjn AyAH h 
npBai^H H3 OBor Rpaja nosnaBa^H cy ce c BejbROM, ^Bja je 
MaTH 6H^a H8 OBor oRpyra, n paAO cy nom^iH c ftHM h Bepo- 
Ba^H cy My. 

KaA je npBH nyT Aoniao Boaro, oh je OAMax HaHie- 
HOBao CTapeniHHe napoAy oa ^yAH noaajyr^ieAHHJHX h najsa- 
cjiyacHHJHX. Saaeo je 6ho h neRy ynpaBy, a Me^y thm TypiiK 
cy jom ocTa^iH 6h^h y TyprycoBiiy h no Ryjiaia noAHrnyTHH 
Ha BHffle MecTa y ORpyry, oa RyAa cy nocjie Tora qecro ^h- 



H3THM0HKEKPAJHHE 167 

HHJiH HcnaAe, yOnjajyliH uojeAHHe aja^ h BpmetH paana Ha- 
cnjbsi HapoqHTo Ha seHCRHna. 

/I,0K je 6bo na3BaHUHJa, HapoAj HHJe (5h^o 3a6paH>eHO 
HOCHTH opyaje. IIoMe aeroBe CMpiH, Typ^H cy OAMax no- 
^eAE OAysHMaTH oa HapoAa opyatje, a^H ra je nnaB ocia^io 
CBpBBeHor y nojeAHHHX AyAH bra je oino^ei ycranaB y obom 
Bpajy. 

C npojieLa 1808-Me roAHHe y^ecrajia cy 6Hjia y(5HCTBa 
^ HacH^a TypeBa a^* ce hhc) Mor^a BBme chochth. OBaBO 
HecHrypHo h nepeAOBHo cxafte xpajajio je, nose ce peLn, 
iie^e roAHHe — h aso cy Typ^H 6i/iaw Bet HCTepaHH y toj 
roAHHR, H aBo je npHMHpjo 6h^o saBAy^eno HSJie^y PycHJe 
H TypcBe, Boje je BaaHJio h sa Cp^Hjy. eeBOM ^ypiw, 
TypwHy, BOJH je 6ho Ayro BOJBOAa y BaaH, npH^a ce, a^ 
je, y TOM BpeieHy, inora SJia dowhho y tom Bpajy, h, 
BaA cy TypAH (5h^h HCTepaHH y toj toahhe, oh je hs Haraa 
qecTo ^HHHO HcnaAe, y^HJajytn nojeAHHe AyAe, a napoiHTO 
je OABOAHO y poncTBO aencKe, Boje 6h saTeBao y nojby Ha 
paAy. JeAHy AeroJBy, y cejiy ^a^H6a6MH^HMa, (5h;ih cy TypAH 
HamjiH y iio^y h OABejiH, h poA^HHa je Mopajia nocjie Ty 
KCTy A^BOJBy Aa OTBynH. Y tom hctom ce^y y(5H.iH cy jeA- 
HOM npHJiHBOM 3 ^OBCBa, BOJH cy BmAH Ha paA, a, y cejiy 
n^ysvHH, OTejiH cy 6e4H 4 A^BOJBe, OABejiH y Byjiy, Boja 
je 6H;ia y tom ce^y, AP^eia^B ex boa cetie 10 A^Ha. Bpaba 
HCTBx ABBOjaBa, yApyae ce c xajAy^HMa, yAape na By^y 
H HofiHJy TypBe h ocjio^oao CBOje cecTpe(*). neBOM Jy- 
pyB 6apjaBTapy TaBol^e ce npH^a, ar Jb ho^bbbo MHora s^a 
HapoAy. 

y ocTajioM, Typi^HMa, bojb cy BsasBBajiH oBaBe nepeAe, 
Bpata^o ce oneT c npoTHBHe cTpane, TaBo, Aa ce je Myjia- 
llama bs BnABHa namao 6ho npHHyi^en na noc;ieTBy a^ sa- 



:*) Pa36opt coquHeHiii H. A. IIonoBa «Poccifl h Cep6ia» cxp. 150. 



168 



H3 THMOMKB KPAJHHE 



HOJiH pycRor KOMaHAaHTa y B^amsoj sa nocpeAOBaH>e 4a ce 
OBHM HepeAHMa CTaee Ha nyT. 

TeniKO je 6eao h MHaqe, npn cboj ciporocTH oa cxpane 
cpncKHX B^acTH, OApsaTH peA Ha rpaHHiiH Ays THMOsa b 
npeia Hflmy, rba ee sna sasBe cy npHJiHRe xaAa 6HAe. 
BHme XHAaAa 6eryHaiia c ^opoAH^a3Ia, hito je npe6er;io 
6hjio y TO BpeMe H3 HHrnsor, nnpoTCKor m bhahhckof Rpaja, 
HacraHHJio ce Ays rpaHHi^e — ^HmeHH cBase noMoiiH. Ilpif 

TOM 6hjI0 je H HBROJIHBO CTOTHHa Ao6poBOJi>ai(a H3 paSHHX 

spajeBa TypcRe, rojh cy padMenrreHH ^hjih y Eftaseai^y h 
3dje^apy. HaA OBHMa Ao6poBOA>mrHa 6hjih cy crapemHHe: 
MapHHRo H MHTa, H8 HHpoTCRor oRpyra, h neRH 7tHpa(') 
H MHTa, H8 3aropja, — h ohh cy ce cbh SBa^H BOJBOAaiia. 
^o^poBo^i^H, He ocBpLyliH ce Ha npHHHpje, neRn us 
ocBCTe, a ,xpjvE oneT paA njba^Re, npeJiasH^H cy y TypcRy, 
H TaMO y(5HJa^H h nAaqRa^H HMylnnje Typne. Y TOMe qecTo 
nyia HHcy iipaBnJin pa3AnRe HSHe^y Gp(Sa h TypaRa. Eao 
HITO ce BHAH H3 Ae.ioB. iipoT. Kapa^opl^eBor, nopeA ocTa^PX 
ApjrHx CTBapH, HeRH M^aAen, (5yibyR6ama, onTy»eH je 6ho, 
Aa je y ApymTBy ca hcrbm AparanoM h Bojhhom fi3 Jejiam- 
HHiie ^HHRO 3^a no TypcRoj. Kapa^op^e H3Aa HapeA(5y TomH, 
{^HM^amn 3arjiaBCR0M, Rneay Hhhh, hs Sarpa^e, h Ao6po- 
B0A>a^RHM BOJBOAaMa: MapHHRy h Mhth, Aa noxaaTajy OBe 
ibyAe, RojH cy or^ameHH sa xaJAyne, h Aa nocTyne c ftHMa 
Aajbe no HapeA(5H aeroBOJ (•). Me!>y thm, nocjie oae napeA^e, 
OH AOSHa, Aa cy h AO^poBo^a^Re crapemHHe: MapHHRO h 
MHTa yMeinaHH c xaJAyitHMa, b Aa cy, nopeA ocTa^or, yn^a^- 
RajiH H HORy CO y TypcRoj, Te saTO je npHHyt^en 6ho Aa 
noniAe napoqHTor CBor waeRa — IleTpa JoRHta, Aa My ao- 



(') TiupuH manau ctoJh h laHac y KibameBuy. 
(*) Cxp. 16 Ae-iOB. npoT. Kapat). 



U3 TUMOqKE KPAJHHE 169 

Ttpa o(5ojH^y ; a sa co oaei HapeAHo je a^ ce oa h>hx oa- 
Max 0Ay3Me. 

Hs jcAHor panopxa renepa^ lajopa HcajeBa, mio ra 
je noAHeo renepa^ jiaJTHaHiy MoopaAOBaLy oa 4-or CenT. 
1S08-M6 roAHHe bhah ce^ a& ce je rjiaBHa pyesa ROMaHAa, 
yweA ysajMHor oKpHBAaBaaa oa crpane Cpfiaje h Typcse, 
Hamjia no(Sy^eHa, a^ Haam^be jbahoi CBor o^HKHpa no HMeny 
EopoTHeBa, nopy^Hsa, CTasHBiDH My y Ay^Hocx, a^ c Tpo- 

JHI^OM TypCBBX qHHOBHHKa H CpneKHM HSaC^aHHKOM l^HBKO- 

BHLeMy Ha Ainny lecra bsbhah : bo je KpHB sa CBe obo ne- 
pftA6 H sa HenomTOBaibe npBMHpja? TypitH cy ce, H8Me!>y 
ocTBiior, sajiH^H reBepa^y Hcajesy, kbko cy 2 Typ^nna Ba 
Dyiy HAyliB sa TpaiaAy iiorHBy^iH oa xaJAysa, a bctb cjiy^aj, 
no npn^aay Typana, accho ce, Be^e, h koa Hobof Xana. 
3a THM cy BaBOAH^H, nopoA ocTa^or h to, RaKo je jeAHa 
^eTa Gp(Sa yna^a y khxobo jeAHO ce^o h onji»aqRaJia ra h 
T. A- A Cp(5H cy ce onei aa;iHJiB romhcbjh na TypKe h 

H3H0CHJ1H niTa cy OBH H>Ml[a nO^BBM^H — B xaRO ysaJMBOM 

ospBBJbaBauiy BBJe 6hjio Rpaja. 

OApe^ena ROHBcnja, noo/ie cspmeBor HSBB^aja, Bam^ia 
je, Aft J6 sa eae BepeAe, npaqsafta h y^HCXBa spBB H oa- 
roBo^aB BeibBo, Rao cxapemflHa xora Bpaja, no mxo ce bh- 
Ac^io, Aft cy Bs B>eroBe BOMaBAe ^yAB saJBEnie upe^asBJiB 
y TypcBy b ^BBBJin sjia, a ob ce ^hbho HOBenix cBeMy xoMe. 
Hlxa BBme, xepexBJiB cy ra h c xniie. Aft ob bixaxb Maxoi 

pl^Be ji>yAe b jom npB xom ap^h hx y cjiysiSs boa ce(Se 

FycBa je ROMaBAa npeiia xove xpasH^a OAcyABO oa Kapa- 
^op^. Aft BasBB BeJbBa h Aft ra stfai^H c no^osaja, a xo 
Bcxo cy saxxeBa^B h sa ]JoAy ((HM($aniy, hs H^pae PeBe. 

1808-Me roABBe, Bao rato je nosaaxo, TypitH cy (5h^h 
BcxepaBH HS RH>a»eBa^Ror ORpyra, a B>BX0Be Ry^e, Boje cy 
BMa^H na Bsme itecxa, nopymene. EaA je BeA>Bo oro 'Byp- 
VBa AHa Aomao bs II^pBe PeRe, ob yAapB Bajupe Ba BaH>y, 



170 U3 THMOMKE KPAJUHE 

H no nrio ocbojh Baiby, jAapH Ha CBpjbHr, h otjab Hcrepa 
TypKe, a je^HO OAejbeaa ynjTH Ha ^yp^ycoBa^. TypaRa je 
y TyprycoBiiy ociajio 6h.io Ma;io, jep cy ce cbh HMyLnHJH 
Typi^H paHHJe OAce^HiiH y Hnm h Bhahh. Ohh, hito cy octojih 
y rpaAy, xpa6po cy ce AP^ft^ii* h y iipBn lax HHje hm ee 

MOrJlO HHDITa yqHHHTH. 

Me^y THM H Bejbsy AO^e y to Bpeiie HapeA($a. a& c boj- 
CROM HAe y RpaJHHy. IIo hfto je TypaRa mhofo BHme ($Hjio 
Ha MajiaJHHi^H ho Gptfa, — to je noTpe^Ho 6h^o aa ce h 
niTO BBme BojcRe Taxo ROHueHTpHme. G Tora Beji>R0 octrbh 
HemTO Majio BojcRe Ha TyprycoBny, a c ocTajiOM bojcrom 
OTHmao je Taiio, n, RaA cy Typi^H pa8($HJeHii 6h^h na Ma- 
^aJHHi^Hy OH ce BpaTfl oxyA h saydie TyprycoBaii. 3a obo 
Bpene, BHme nyTa cy TypAH, y ocRyAHAH xpane, HCoaAajiH 
ns rpaAa, a^H cy yseR cys^HjeHH 6m^h, h, BHAetiH najsaA 
Aa HM neia noMobH, Rojoj cy ce HaAajiH, npeAaAy ce h OAy 
y Hum. 

TyprycoBait je, 8(5or CBor cxpaTernjcRor sna^aja, CBa- 
RaA <$Ho yTBpl^eHO MecTO. Gei i^BTaAe^e, y hboro^o je no- 
CTOJao mnpoR poB h najiHcaA, ROjh je 6paHH0 y^as, a y 
rpaAy ((hjio je }BeR uo neROJiHRo Tonona la^er Ra^H($pa. 

IIoA TypuHMH OBa ce Bapom SBa^a Ila^aHRa (Thmo^rr), 
na H A^tnac napoA ne soBe APy^^Hje OBy Bapom ho na^ansa 
— onaRo HCTO, Rao raTo aa Hnm h Bhahh ne Raaie Apy^- 
^Hje KaA 6h pei^HMO Rora aauHTa^n : RyA HAem ? OAroBopHo 
6h Ban cBaRH: HAeM y rpaA 

Oa ByAa je Bapom A0(5HJia nasHB — ^yp^ycoBa^, My- 
qno ($H ce TO jifiiAo oapoahth. Mjioph, a le^y H>HMa h aP- 
Khro (*), ROJH je HefflTO nHcao o TOMe, AOBOAe y Beay no- 
CTaHaR FyprycoBi^a, oa Tprypa, HajcrapHJer cena Aocnoxa 
^ypi^a BpaHROBnLa. 



{') Cpu. HapoAHOCT (4eu. 1862 h Janyapa 1803 roA ) 



H3THM0MKEKPAJUI1E 171 

Ma Aa y (ahlckoh pacTOJafty oa oBe Bapomn, CToje h 
AHHac o^yBane Ase saAys^Hee hs Ao6a BpaHKOBflLa, Rao 
mio je ManacTHp TpoJHi^a h Majiena i^psBHi^a AtforoBuLa y 
RaMeHHi^H, nnas HMaio ocHOBa a^ BepyjeMO, a^ ce HasHB 
caHe BapomH A^Tiipa h3 CTapHJer AO($a — npe BJiaAaBHHe 
BpansoBHiia. HeKaAa je, no npiqaby, oRo^HHa ob6 Bapoma, 
6em noKpHBBHa rycTOM nenpoxoAHOi myitoM, y sojoj je 6hjio 
BpAo MHoro ABBibHX TOAy6oh2L — TaRO SBaHHX ppHBama, Rao 
mio HX HMa fl caAa MHoro no rpubbhthm MecTHMa OBor oRpyra. 
Rhxobo ryRatto — ryp-r^-cy, Rao mio TaMomaH napoA 
Be;iHy A^^o je noBOAa h iioGTaB>y nasHBa caie Bapomn. RaA 
AOBBAeMO OBO npHqaae HapoAHO ca rpaAOM ro;iyni(eM, rojh 
je nocTOJao oAnax ao Bapoms, sa a^choj oCa;iH TproBHmRor 
THMORa, ROMe roBopH H r. MbdirobhIiC), oHAa cmo crjiohh 
Aa BepyjoMO, Aa je fxapfl ^yp^ycoBa^ npe Morao ao(5hth 
nasHB CBOj OA ro^y6oBa, rojhx je ($hjio, Rao mio neti pe- 
ROCMOy Bpjio MHoro y TaMomftoj orojihbh, nero jih oa Tp- 
rypa cHna TBypt^eBor; jep (Jh ce no tomo Bapom nposnajia 
npe ^p^ypoBa^ — a ne TyprycoBai^. 

KaA je TyprycoBai^ na oboh MecTy saRonan, RaA je 
npeMefflTen ca CTapor, mhofo yAO^HHJer lecxa, ne Aa ce la- 
Ro^o onpeAe-iBTH. Hh jeAan oa nyiHHRa, ro;ihro je nana 
noanaTO, rojh cy y cpeAfteM neRy h AOAeHJe nyioBa^n Rpos 
Gp6njy, ne roBope nnniTa o OBoj Bapomn, Rao n o MHTaBOM 
THMO^ROM Rpajy. 

TeR y paTOBHMa AycTpHJanai^a c TypiiHMa noMHibe ce 
TyprycoBaii Rao IlajiaHRa h yiBp^eno mocto. 

1737-Me roAHHe, mm ce je aycipHJCRa BOJCRa npn^^- 
an^a ryprycoBi(y, Typi^n cy no(5erjiH hs man^eBa h nany- 
CTHJiH y jeAHO H caM rpaA. KaA cy AycTpujaHUH AOAHHJe 
6^AE noxyqeHH, h, RaA cy Hsa lora Mopa;iH Aa nanycre Cp- 



(*; r.i. XLIX cxp. 98. 



172 H3TUMOqKBKPAJHHE 

<5HJy 11 Aa ce noBysy ca cbhm upeKo Case h AjwaBa, TypAH 
aaysBB hohobo OBaj spaj, sanajie TyprycoBaK, a h MHora 
cejia xaAa ey nocipaAajia 6Ejia. y rojihko je sa BepoBaH>e, 
jia cy H3 TeMflmBapa noMe oBora Aom^e HesojiHse nopoAHi^ey 
Koje cy nace^iH^e osy Bapom, qHJH noTOMi^fr, sao mTo r. 
KaHHi^(^) ApsH, aiHBe h A^nac y EH>as6Biiy -- o tomo ne 
beMO A^ roBopHMO, no niTO r. EaHnit He mbhoch HHsaRBirx 
Aosaaa sa obo eaoje TBp^eH>e. 

y TyprycoBay je CBaEaA hoa Typi(HMa 6opaBHO BOJBOAa, 
Rao mTO ra je napoA o($h^ho TaRO SBao, h^h ajan, rojh je 
ynpaBJbao Thmorom h 3arJiaBR0M. HaA GapibHroH 6ho je oner 
Apyn BOJBOAa, rojh je (5opaBHo y Bap. CBpAHry, AORJie 
HHJe nasBani^HJa nopymHo OBy Bapomnuy. Oa naBBanpiTJe 
npeiecTH ce y ce^o HHmeBj^H. ^oitHHJe 6aH>cRH BOJBOAa 6ho 
je y jeAHO h hba CBp^bumROM KH>esHHOM. 

y HapoAy cy ociajiH y pl^anoj ycnoMeHH ryprycoBa^RH 
ajaHH : AjiH-ara tfapjaRTap, oa HenaRBe BH^ennje xypcRO ho- 
poAHae; aa thm PycxeM h Cojibm — HHa^e SBaHH Kj^yn^a 
BOJBOAa, ROJH je OA 1813-Te roA. sa horo^hro roAHHa CBora 
^opaBJbeaa y TyprycoBuy Be^HRa sjia ho^hbho napoAy. — 

Ho niTo cy TypiiH HcrepaHH h8 OBor ORpyra, npeAyany 
ynpaay hba napoAOM one jih^hocth, Roje je BeJbRO npBH 
nyT HaHMeHOBao sa ciapernHHe HapoAy. Ohh cy crajaJiH y 
noT^HfteHocTH npeMa Be^Ry ; a naA aejioM Thmo^roh EpaJH- 
HOM ($H0 je y npBo Bpeiie BoJBOAa MnjieHRo. 

ToAHHe 1808-Me ycianoBH ce h MarHCTpai y Typry- 
coB^y. 3a cyAHJe yseiH cy ityAH hs napoAa. IIpeAceAHHB 
xarHcrpaxa 6ho je HBae Gtojrobh}i, us Ji,e6eAEu,e, a ceRpe- 

Tap HORH C. TOAOpOBHL. 

Ho fflTo je poR npHMHpjy HSMol^y PycHJe h TypcRe 
^BO RCTeRaOy H cpncRH nocjiaHHi^H US Jama aobojih Beer, 



(*) Hist, ethnogr. Reise studien H. Kanitz CTp. 300. 



IiaTUMO^KEKPAJHHE 173^ 

Aa Le ce BaciaBHTH BoJHa c TypaHia, na rpanaiiH TypcKe, 
oecTHJio ce (Seme shbo BpexaiLe h aiypea cnpeia sa npeA- 
CTOJeLy BOJBy. T^acoBH ey ciHsa^iH, ^a ce Typiia cnpeiiajy^ 
Aa yAape na Cp^ajy — npe aero idto 6b npemjiH Pycn 
AyeaB. 

y AnpM;iy Meceiiy 1809-Te roAHBe, Be^BO (Jeme c Boj- 
CBOM npemao rpaaHiiy, h roa IIpoBa^iHje OTnoqeo ()Hth 6oj 
c TypitMMa — npe Bero mio je r;iaBBO-KOMaBAyjyliH MHJioje 
neipoBBk CTHrao Ba 6ojBo no^e c rjiaBBOM cb^om(*). KaA 
je Aomao MBJioje, Be^ibRo oao r B>eMy aa AoroBop h, Rao 
niTO CMO c^LymaJiB, snBaAe ce OAMax oro aeRHX ciBaps, Roje 
cy BBBie JB^Be npBpoAe 6EAe. Ma^oje oiepa laAa Be^Ra 
ji»yTflTO c pe^RMa: ABa xaxa Be Mory sa jeABBM jaoABna 
Ohtb — fl Be^RO nocjie xora OAe OAaxAe, yAapa bb Mycxaj- 
BBBiBBy Ila^iaflRy, a OAax^ie nocjie h bb Bejiarpa^HR, bah 
Be ocBOJB rpaA, bo cane Bapom. BeLa Aeo RH>aAeBaqRe Boj- 
CRe OABBO je 6bo ca co($oh, a cane cy ocia^B GBp^HsaBi! 
ca CBOJHM 6uM($amoM EpcTOM, h, Bflme ce^a V. MaxejcBi^a^ 
OCTBAB cy BenoMH^BH AO roA BBje ($BAa CBpmeBa (Sbtrb. 

Me!>y tbm Typi(H cy y bcto Bpeie BanaM (5bah Typ- 
rycoBait h /l,o6pB>ai( je 6eo OTamao xaMO c ROB>aflflitHi[a, bah 
je (5bao Bet aoiibbb, jep cy Typi<H ocbojhab 6hab Baponr 

B nOBABBBAB TUMO^Ry AOABBy. 

nocAe nponacTB aa EaieBBi^H, Haca aapoAa as BamRor 
oRpyra aarpay ^paBa^a cpncRoj y npaai^y KypaAOBa a KaAa- 
oaxa (5eaeta acnpeA aaaa^ie xypcRax (JamadosyRa. Kba cy ce 
Bcne^ia aa KaAaoax, xy cy sbcxbab Aa ce mbjio OAMope. OAaxAe 
nocnaxpaxy xyaao CBOJe AOMoae y nAaMeay, a decoMyqae TypRe, 
Roja ce Rao saepoBB aaxymxame aa cae cxpaae Aa po(Se b 
n.i>aqRajy. Ha RB)a»eBa'iRor ORpyra, ceM Topaer 3ar;iaBBa, 



(') Cp6HJa H PycHja H. A. IIonoBe cxp. 450 — 169. Oxau. aa 
187 5 r. crp. 107 q-i. MunxKOBiiha. 



174 H3THMO«lKEKPAJHHE 

pexBO Aa je KOJH xaAa ocTao a a* HHJe H3(5erao y yHyipani- 
ftocT Cp6HJe. H« HBfflBor OKpyra onei (5b^o je ^opoAH^a, coje 
cy npe6er;ie 6fiAe h y PyiiyHHJy. Koje cy saxeKJiH TypitH, 
H KoJH HHcy Morjiu ii3($eLHy TH c} ce KpHJiH no netiHHaMa, 
KaBBBX HMa na BHme Mecia y oboh oRpyry. Mnore nopo- 
ABi<e, y 6e»aH>y, Typita cy ctbwb h dapo^BJiH — h, sa 
H>BX ce, nocjie Tora HBJe Bflme Hinrra ^Jio. Heso^flRo no- 
poAHAa B3 norpaHB^AHX ce^a y BH>aseBaqBOM OKpyry, Roje 
cy TypitB CTHr^B b y Jiani^BMa noxepa^B (5b^b y Hbhi, RaA cy 
Aom^B y RaieHH^RO nojbe, b, xy sacxa^B aa npeBoLe, ao6eaii 
cy npB^BRy a^ notferay. Kbro cy Cb^b pacnojioseBB Typun, 
na^ose naxpe y flaoROAo, a po6ik6 Mexy y cpoABBy, b noqsy 
iiBXB B Bece^BXH ce Ao BeRO Ao6a boKb. Mhxom cy Apna- 
yiB 6b^b raxo cy cnpoBOAHAB po(5Ae. ^bm cy nojiera^H, oa- 
Max cy sacnajiB Rao saRjiaBB. BBme oa no^a po(Sjba, mxo je 
6bj!0 SApaBBJe b OABaatBBJe, pacnpmxa ce RyA Roje. KaA je 
no^e^a sopa CBBxaxB, Typi^B ocexe a^ hm Bena potf^a b 
nojype na cBe cxpane 3a h>uh. HeRe cy cxBrJin b BpaxB^B 
— a^B BekBBa bx je xom ispBJiBRoi cpeLno ynaRjia. (*) 



(') Hnqa PaAOH>a, ycaM^bOHH cTapau, h3 ceaa IIjywHHe, komc 
je 6h.io 3a epeMe ycTauKa oko 20 ro4iiHa, npuqao Hau je, nopcA 
ocTa-ior, KaKO je na H,eroBor ceaa HeuojiHKo nopoAHda 6uao 3apo6- 
jbeuo nocje HecpehHc norH6Hje iiu KaMeHHKH. JeAHa meua, no6erHe 
TaAa 113 KaMeuHMKor noAa c AeqoM; a4H y xhth>h 3a6opaBU MymKO 
Aexe, Koje je cnaeaao. TypuH ra oABCAy y Hhih, a OAarae c ocxaaoM 
AenoM iicnpare y IJ(apHrpaA h xaMO norypqe. Mym OBe wene 6«o je 
Taaa y paxy h y sCery lyje Aa My je uajM-iat)H chh 3apo6*eH. Illxa 
je nocie xora c AexexoM 6iiao, poahxcah HHcy BHuie 3Ha4ii. 3 3-he 
roAHHe 6aai y oiiom Bpeweny. icaA je njox 6ho nocxasAeii, jeAHor 
AaHCr cxpa}Ka cpncna yr^eAa jeAHor TypqwHi, tao Ha xaxy npecsoHH 
naox; nol)e aa ibHM ii aaycxasH ra. TypMHH, 6oraxo OAeBeu, OAroBopu 
cxpamH Hii6ycHxo : Aa je oh uapcKH mobok, Aa AOjaan U3 I](apHrpaAa 
H Aa He 3Ha hu aa naKBy rpaHHuy, no uixo je h jeAHa h Apyra 
acMAja uapcKa. Cxpanta ra nycxH, h on oac y ce^o nayjKHHy m Hal)e 
poAHxc.te —- aAii ra ohh y npBH Max HHcy no3Ha.iH aok hm ce mije 
jaBHo. Bpaha H>eroBii, (JojehH ce Aa ne 6u xpan^Ho aco cBOJe OMesHue 
.laAno cy ce upeMa ibewy noHaina.111. To ra pa>KA>yxw, xe ce oh. Ma 



H3 TIIMOqKE KPAJHHE 175 

IIoMe nponacTH Ha KaMeHHi^H, h. nocjie aayseta Typ- 
^ycoB^a, EBa»eBaqBa Bojcsa oACxynHJia je ao Baae. CeM 
KftaseBqana h Baib^aea h HemTO AO^poBO^iai^a, Be^ibKo HHje 
HMao Apyre BOJCKe. C tom ce je bojckom oh 6paHHo jynaqEH. 
Ma Aa je 6\/Lo onKOAen h TpnHO ocKyAwiiy, HHJe ce xieo 
npeAaxH, aob hhjb crwriia BojcKa noA Kapal^op^eM h oao- 
6oAiiAa ra. OAawe OAcrynHo je nocjie ao MopaBe. 

3a BpeMe oncaAe, HORaKaB ApauHH — npH^a^H cy 
nan — jeAHor jyxpa, nosone BeAKa na MerAan. BeAKo je 
6ho, sao niTO Han je uosnaTO, paften Ha BaH>H; oa Tora 
je AO($HO rposHRuy h AemsLO noA maTopoM. BoJHHi^Hy sna- 
jyLw, Aa je Be^Eo (Jo^ecTaH, HHcy My xie^n HHnna jaBAaiH. 
CyTpa AaH onex Hsa^e ApanHH pyatetH BeARa norpAHHM 
MspasHMa. HesH oa BeAEOBHX 6HH6ama oAy n jane My sa 
ApanflHa, xpasehH Aa joAaH oa h>hx y mocto H>era nsa^e 
ApaoHHy Ha MerAan. Ajih Bbaeo to hhjo Aao. OnaEO 60- 
Jieciafl, ycTane, h napeAH cbomb cejeay PoJEy, h3 ^a^HHa^a, 
Aa My cnpoMFi EOH>a. "^hm je ApanHH yrjieAao BeABa Ha 
EOH»y, Hajnpe ce noBJiaqno tojihbo, Aa cy BoJHimn BeAEa 
JBABa noTAH BHAeiH. Ha noc^eiEy ApanHH ciane. h onajiH 
H3 HBHiTOAa Ha BeAEa — a;iH ra ne noroAH. Boaeo ce 3a- 
jiexH Ha EOfty h joaehm yAapuM CBOJe ca(5Ae OAce^e My waBy, 
na ce no tom BpaxH y ;iorop HOceLn rjiany ApauHHOBy, h 
HOHOBo ;ierHe y nocxeAy. 

ToAHHe 1810-xe, pycRa BOJCEa, noA OpypEOM, na hobbb 
Kapal^op^eB, npe^e hs BjiamEe, o6H!>e ^yp^ycoBa^, h, npeEO 
H^aHHHa, cnycxH ce y Baay, na, nomxo 3ay3Me Ba^y, ynyxH 



A^ je HMao Haiiepy, ^a ocraue HeKo.iHHo Aaua h 4a ce bhau oa CBHMa 
cpo4HHUUMa. cnpeMU h aaMOJu oiia 4a ra HcnpaTM 40 Ktbanceeua. Ka4 
jo noaiao U3 ce.ia, eee ce je Hc^ynHJO 6hao 4a ra bh4h. Aok^g ro4 
HHje Hsamao h3 ceaa, ya nyx h c je4He h c 4pyre cxpaiie Ba4U0 je 
U3 6Hcara nperpmuMa ciiTaii uonau 04 rpoma m Oauao 4eau, quMe 
Je xxeo 4a npe4CTaBH CBOje 6oracTBo. 04aT4e jenoc.ie OTuniao y Bh- 
4nH — If mra je iioc.ie 4a.bo 6if.io c h>iim. He ana ce 



176 113 THMOMKE KPAJHHE 

ce Ha A^^BrpaA h Aa^e, h xeit y jeceH, y HoBeMtfpy Me- 
ceny, y noBpaTsy, no napeA^H oaBHo-BOMaHAyjylier pycKor 
^enepajia KaieHCRor yAapn na ryprycoBait, kojh je 6ho yrnp- 
^6H. JeAHO OAe^efte pycse Bojcse, soje je nomjio hs Epa- 
JHHe, CTHoo je y hcto Bpeiie, h na xaj Ba^HH yApyse- 
HOM cearoH HanaAHy Ha TyprycoBait h saysiiy ra(0. Ho 
TypuH cy ce ChjIh yiBpAHJiH h na : rpaiaAH, Tp^aaqy h Be- 
TpHJiBMa. EuA cy Aom^H PycH, nooAe spaTRor OTnopa, bo- 
Bysy ce Typi^n naTpar y Hhhi. H A^Bac ce noanajy rpo6oBR 
pycBHx BoJBHKa y TptfaBqy, y ^Pyca^HJana*, koJh cy najiH 
8a cjio($OAy oBe seiijbe. 

ToAHBy AAHd nocjie oBora Typiui cy MupoBajiH na obom 
Kpajy Cp6HJe. IIoa jecen ISll-ie roAHne Eapal^opt^e ao- 
3Ba, Aft ce PymHA nama cnpeiia hs Hema aa nanaABe na 
Cp6HJy. 3a to ce Epene, h, no mio je npomao cay rpaHHity 
H HapcAHO Aft ce CByAa noAMrny yxapJ^eaa aa 0A(5paHy, ao- 
qeKa TypKe na IpaMaAH, kojh ce 6exy ynyiHJiH Aa npel^y 
y Cp6njy. Ha TpaMaAH je 6Hjia oqaJBH^Ka 6HTKa. HpH^a 
ce, Aa je na tom lecry ua;io c o6aABe crpane HeKOJiHSo 
CTOTHHa MpTBHx H paH>eHHX. EaA cy Typi(H bha^JIh, Aa ne 
Mory npoApcTH y CpfiHJy, npaie ce naxpar y Hhhi. 

HAyie roAHHe, no hito je BHAeo Eapa^opl^e, Aa fce ce 
HacTaBHTH Bojna c Typitnia, napeAH, Aa ce caei hs uorpa- 
HuqHHX cejia pacejiH h nacejiH Aj6jhe y yHyipanrHiOCTH Gp- 
6HJe. GBpjbusaHH h TnitoqaHH oAcejiHJiH cy ce hb CBHJy ohhx 
ce^a, njTO cy 6H^a Ays rpanHi^e, OAaBBaBmn ce HapeA($H Ea- 
paVp^BOJ. GaMo cy SarjiaBqanH ocia^n, h hb tof spaja, 
Kao HITO ce sna, pexBo HHa nace^eHHRa y UlyMaAHJH. Y hcto 



(*) THejiAH coBepmeHHO o6e3neHUT'B Cep6iK) ot-b HaaaAenifi a t. a. 
reuepaab KaiieHCKU npe^nucaab rpa<i»y OpypKy ua o6paTuoiii nyr.t 
Ki AyHaD BSflTb Kp^nocmy FyproooBuu, ecJH mohcho ouaaA^Tb ei> Gea 
Gojbmoi noTepH . . . . cTp. 2 50. TIo.iHoe co6paHie coquneuiH A^eKc. 
HnaHOBima MuxaaaoBCKaro — AauHaoBCKaro. 



U3TIIM0MKEKPAJUHE 177 

BpeMe, Kapa^pl^e napeAH, ^a ce AOBprae yiBpt^eaa nopeA 
rpaHHite. PaA Tora je noaao Hapo^Hio sa oBaj ospyr, Mb- 
4oja ToAopoBflLa, bojboaj ^BBaqKor, sojh ce je neso Bpeiie 
oBAe (SaBHO, a y^HBH yjeAHO h pasieniTaj c bojcrom na cjiy- 
qaj HanaAa oa lypcBe CTpaBe.(*) 

1813-Te roAHHe TypAH cy oa Huma h BwAHna y no- 
^eisy. Ha Bfime Mecra, iioKymaBa^iH aa npoApy y OBaj ospyr 
— a^H cy 6h^h cys^BjeHH. ^oi^HHJe no^ny HanaAaiR ca bb- 
LoM CHjiOM H CBOM secTHHOM, fl opoBa^Hme Hajnpe na Bpa- 
TapHHi^H, na ce OAaTAe, sao pesa, yiiyTHme thmo^bom ao- 
;iHHOM najieiiH h nocxomeLH peAOM ce^a, Boja cy bm sa nyry 
($HJia. GTapeniHHe Tora Kpaja — Toma e Hana — BaA cy 
BiiAB^Hy A^ ce He lory Bime OApsaxd npsA HaAMoLaHjoM 
CHJIOM TypcBOM, pacnycTe BojcBy, h OAy na AejinrpaA, a OAa- 
TAe nocjie c ocrajiHM BOJBOAaMa npetferny y Aycxpajy. Ha 
Apyroj crpaHH, npeia HHmy, BOJcBa, Boja je HMa;ia a& 6paHH 
npo^ase : TpaiiaAy h IlaHAHpaAO, noA BoiaHAOM Rpcie IIo- 
noBHLa, BoJBOAe, a^olm^l ce aa cBHia nosHi^HJaiia jom He- 
EOJiHBO Aana. Hy BaA je bhaco Kpcxa, a* cy My TypiiH 
AomjiH c ^eV^, pacnycTH BOJCBy, h ona ce pacnprnxH na 
cBe CTpane 3a cbojhm nopoAHAaMa; oh cfti OAMeTe ce y n^a- 
HRHy c 5, 6 ji»yAH y naMepn a& HacraBH xaJAy^By ($op6y c 
TypAHMa. 

IIpeAeo THMOBa neiiBM a^aom 6eme onycTHo BaA cy 
TypitH Aoni^H 13-Te roAHne. IIIto foa je Mor^o no6eLH hs 
oBor Epaja, cbb je H3(5er^o panHJe y yHyTpamHiocT Cp^HJe. 
Ohh naB Bojfl cy ocrajiH, npeAa^H cy ce Typi^Hia. Bhjio 
je nopoAHAa, Boje cy ce spHJie sa BpeMe no n^aBHHaia h 
neLnnaMa, na, nocjie, npHHy^ene oa^y, cnni^e cy y CBOja 
cejia H npeAajie ce na mh^oct h hbmhjioct HenpHJaxejiy. CaMo 
je ropH>H Bpaj 3arjiaBBa ocTao caB, h, OAMax npeAao ce. 



• ') BuAu o Tone H 4ejOB04Hii npoTOKo.1 Kapa))opl)eB. 
r.iACHiiK LXX 12 



178 H3 TUMO^KE KPAJHHE 

TpH ORpyra y Cp6igH y to Bpeie h to: LynpigcBH, jaro- 
AHHCSH H sparyjeBaqKH 6bae cy npenyHH 6eryHana h8 s&a- 
aceBa^soT ospyra. IIo rAOSoJE oa 6eryHana Aonp^H ey h 40 
BeorpaAa, h no oso^hhm cejina CTanH^H ce. 

Hcnpaa cy 6amB0o8yiiH najiHAH npasna cejia h oabo- 
AM^H y potfjfce cBe ibto cy nyTei cthfjih. Kojh cy ce npe- 
Aajifl, ftHMa TypcBe BJiacTH HHcy HianTa qsHB^e. AoUHHJe, no 
mTO cy BHAB^H TypAH, Aa oa nycTor h BenaceiLeHor spaja 
BeLe flMaTH BHsaKBe bophcth, noaoBy cae bojh cy na^erjur 
Aa ce BpaTe, o6eLaBajybt Aa hm flebe HHnrra ^hbhth. Beh 
npeso 8 Hue MBorH cy ce no^ejiH 6h^e Bpa&aTR cBojn aomo- 
BHMa H TypitH cy bx AO($po npflMHJiH. Ilocjie rex, c npojieba, 
BpaTe ce h ocTajiH, a caio saocTasy HeBO^Hse uopoABite, 
Boje cy BacejiBJie oro JaroAHBe h y oboahbh BapomHue Faqe; 
Bao H jom y seBHi cejiHMa obo GBHAaJBBita e nopeA Mopane 
y cpesy napaLuBCBOM. 

Gei cytfama, Apyrux TypaBa BHJe 6eao y cejiBMa, h ohh 
cy HcnpBa Ao6po nocTynajiH c flapoAOM. HaA Thmobom h 3a- 
TAaBBOH nocTaae sa otiopBHeaa — HBana GTOjBOBHLa, hs 
Aetfe^iHne, a BaA GBp^HroM — Gxeaafla PaAeflBOBiba, hs 
GjiHBJa. My^a Emhb, hs Ba^e, a b Apyre crapeniBBe ryp- 
rycoBaqBe, nasB^ifl cy Aa ce flapoAy Be ^bbb BenpasAa. Ofiaso 
ndcTynafte oa CTpaae TypaBa, Bao mTO cue aeL peBJiH, mbofo 
je AonpBBejio, Te ce je aapoA ocao6oabo h OToo^eo apa- 
LaTH cBojflii Bytiaia, Taao, aa cy ce, BAytie roABfle, c Ma- 
jiHM HsyseTBOM, CBB KB>aseB^aflB BpaTH^B Ba cBoja orftBBrra. 

Ho BaA AOUBBJe BBes Mbjiobi OTno^e ycTaaaa, TypAB 
no^eme aoAOspeaaTB Ba cBaRor BO^e yrjieABBjer qoBeaa y 
OBOM Bpajy. A Aa ce Be 6a aapoA (JyBBO b Te»flO Aa ce 
npBApyaa ycTaasy, upeAysejia cy cse lepe onpesBOCTB. An- 
flieB>a H BasB>aBaH>a y ae^HBO oToo^eme. GTpase ce yBekame, 
B BapoA noqe aa CRopo oceLaTH BpaTBcaa cejieaa b Boje- 
RaRBBX cy^amfli^a, roje ce ^ecTo MeB>ame Taao, a^ cy MEore 



M3 T H M O q K E KPAJHHE 179 

Tys66 H saji6e o^^asH^e y oho Bpeiie RHoay Mn^omy oa 
CTpane OBor HapoAa, bojh My ee TysHO na nacHjba lypcRa, 
KsjaB^yjytiH Tesfty a& ce npHApysH Maji^H Gp($HJH. Oco($hto, 
nocjieAH>HX roAHHa, nacHJba TypcRa npeBasHinJia cy ((HJia cBaRy 
Mepy, Aa je aoboaho Ohjio jeAHOM Tojiytfy, h3 Joraanime 
(6aibCRe), jeAHOM PaAOJRy CaJTapy, 13 IIpeBOHore, h ToAopy 
'Bopl^eBEhy, Rora je RHes Ms^om h3 OBBJiaJHHita ynyTHO — 
Aa, BejiHMo, TH AyAH A^rHy HapoA Ha TyprycoBait — (Jes 
opysja, 663 BRaRBe enpeie. 

JeAHora Aana yrjieAajy TypitH roiHJiy napoAa, Roja ce 
6eiDe OA SdnpHDiTa ynyTHJia ynpaso rpaAy. JeABa bro je 
AeceTH HOCHO no jeAan nHmTOJb sa nojacoM, h^h RaRy sa- 
pl^ajiy mHmaHy. Typi^i cy, Rao rfto je nosHaio, noo/ie 13-Te 
roAHBe OAyse^H 6mh oa napoAa opyatje; ajiH je hitbr no 
TAeRoJH SBApsao no neniTO oa opysja u oa TypaRa Rpno 
ra. BeiiHHa hx je 6H^a Haopysaaa CERipaiia, ROcaMa n 6y- 
Aai^HMa, RBA cy nom^n a& ocBOje rpaA. 

Typi^H cy HcnpBa MnpHO nocMaTpajH roMHJiy napoAa; 
aJiH RBA ce BeL 6eine npH(S;iHSflJia rpaAy, ohh 3ay3eme Ma3- 
rajie n cnpeMHme ce sa oTnop. Hajnpe cy aosebbjie r^acHo 
nojeAHHO H8 roMH^ie. caBeTyjyLn hx a^ ce pasnl^y. ^^Heioj, 
pajo, TBRO ; Ha Rora ch ce ahp^b ; homoj tbro, pajo, Mosexo 

ce H MHpHO AOrOBOpHTH, BRO jO B0jl»a I^apCRB H ROIJB MHJlOHia 

Aa HAOMO* A;iH paJH je Aoxyatajio 3^0 TypcRO, h HHJe 

XTO^ia HH Aft ^yje TypRe, boL no^eme nojeAHHiy! Aa pyate 
TypRe norpAHHH HspasHHa. Ila ohab, no mro onRO^Hme 
TypRe y rpaAy, ciaAome rbbphtm boaoboa, ROJh je CHa(5A6- 
Bao rpaA boaom h cnpeiaTH ce 3a nanaA. 

Typiui joffl no joabh nyi nyRymanie Aa caBOiyjy hb- 
poA, Aa He THHe ;iyAo h Aa ce pasH^e. Ho y lecro xora, 
jeABH H3 roMH^e noTerne h3 nyniRe u ydnje joAHor TvpMHHa, 
ROJH ce 6eme H3a tfeAOiia hbabhpho. Typi^H ohah ocny ne- 
R04HR0 n^oiyHa y roMH^y m y(5HJy qeiBopnity Cp6a. Horo- 

12» 



180 U3 TUMOqKE KPAJUHE 

iiHKO HX je 6hjio u paibeHHX. H roMH^a napoAa, BHAeLH, TaA& 
Aa ce ($68 opysa ne nose OTHiaTH rpaA, pasH^e ce. Gyxpa 
AaH CTHrne h FecaBaif e bojcrom, h Typi^H OAiax H3Hecj 6eAj 
sacTaby sa SHas npeAaje, Koja em ce npHMH. HeBs ey oth- 
nrAH y IlHpoT, a HeiCH y Hnin — Raso je Koie 6bao yroAHige. 

Ha Taj HaqHH, oaaj spaj Gp^HJe, sojn je to.uibo sp- 
Tasa iiOAHeo 3 a oejio6o^eH>e y npsoH ycTaHBy, nocAe 20 ro- 
AHHa, (Sh npHApysQH Maji^H Gp($HJH. 

RaA je no tom napo^HTa BOUHcifja otfeAeaiaBaAa rpa- 
HHi(y HSMe^y Cp(5HJe h TypcBe, yqraHAa je nenpaBAy oboh 
Rpajy, niTo je eeupaBiiAHO nosyBAa rpaHHAy npeiia nHpoT- 
CBOM H HHmBOM OBpyry, a oco($hto y ohoh spajy, idto ce 
npysa oa axapa ropfto-BaieHHqBor, npeBO H^pBBenna ao^ 
IlaHAHpaAa. Easy, a^ ce BOMecapH ea tom MecTy HHcy mo- 

TAR CAOSHTH, H SB TO, HB BHIDe MeCTB, HHJe HH OSHaqeHB 6hA& 

TBAB TB^HO rpaHHi^a. Ua cpesa CBpjbHmBor, MHoriiMa cy sa- 
ocTBAB ($HJia HMBHiB npeBO rpBEHi^e, u OHH cy AO 44-Te ro- 
AHHe c nacomeM npeAasHAH h 3apaTHAH CBOJa aeMjbHiirra. Te 
roAHHe, 3(5or no(5yHe, Boja ce hspoahab y HnmBOM OBpyry^ 
IIopTB 3a6paHH npeABBBB y TypcBy HaniHM ApsBBA^aHHMa hb 
paqyH HMaH>a, Boja cy hm tbab y jeAHO h OAyseTB. 



no mTO CMC HSHeAH OBAO y BpaTBO HCTopHJcBe Aora- 
^aje, BOJH ce OAHOce hb nosHBBafte OBor Bpaja Gp^HJe, hb- 
po^HTO OA IIa8BaH^HjHH0^ AO(Sa na obbmo, CMarpaMO y joaho 
sa AysHOCT, ASi HSHeceio OBAe h ($Horpa«HJe Ji>yAH, bojh cy 
HrpaAH BH^eHflje yAore y BpoMeny npBor ycTBHBa, bojh c 
npBBOM sacAysyjy ab hm ce noMen oBeBOBe^n. 



H3THM04KEKPAJHHE 181 

Kpcra nonoBNii 

BOJBOAa CBp^bUmKH. 

KpcTa IIonoBHL, poAHO ce oa npHJiHKe 1765-Te roA. 
y cejiy IIlAHBOBHKy — 2 KH^ioMexpa oa A^P^^Ha. 

Otbii KpcTHH (Jho je CBeLenHK h, sbro ce Be^Ko. JKh- 
BetiH y BpeMeny, KaA y CBpAHry HBJe (Jh;io hh jeAne i^psBe 
jep cy OA Typana paHHJe nonaAene h pasopeHe (5H;ie, non 
BcAa je — Kao mio cy ra o^hmo BBajiH — y CBOJoj Kytn, h 
noA jeAHOM BpymKOM, na Rojoj je bhchjio s^ieua^o, HCByn- 
Jbao iio($osaH HapoA na Mo;iiiTBy, h, y MyTHHM AaHEna, 6m- 
roM pe^H, xpa(5pH0 AyAO, Aa He KJOHy h ry(5e HaAe na 
CBoje n3($aBJK>eH>e. 

Join npaAeAOBH KpcTHHH, no npnqaBy, (Jhjih cy no- 
noBH, 36or ^era je h aeroBa oaMHJiHJa nosHaia y CBpjtary 
lOA HvenoM ^IIonoBiiH" hjih ^IIonoButiH/ 

KpcTa je (Jho y npBo Bpeme seMJLopaAHH. /l,oi(HHJe, 
nopeA seMAopaAfte, TproBao je h aLHBHM Majiom. Kao ip- 
roBaii, nyxoBao je no Cp^HJn, h, jom npe ycianBa, HMao 
je npfljiHBe a^* ce nosna c uHorHM BHl^enHJHii ;byAHMa y Gp- 
(JnjH. Ho niTo je oxno^ei ycianaK y UlyMaAHJH, h no niTO 
ee ycji>eA xora npesHAe cao6paLaj c TuMoqaou EpaJHnoH, Ep- 
exa je ceAHo boa sytie, ajin je bphhiom oa TypaBa, npaxno 
Aoral^aje n npn^iBBe y GptfnJH h npnnpeMao seiubHrnxe aa 
jcxanas y CBpjtnry. 

y Bpeue ^a^BaH^HjHne tfyne, Boja je ycxaMcaJia CBy 
THMo^By KpaJHny, Kpcxa ce npBH nyx ^yo y napoAy. Ho 
mxo je PyprycoBa^Ba naxHJa ncQpBa 6H;ia npoxHsna lias- 
BanfliHJH, — xo cy ce y 6op(JH nsMe^y nasBanijHJHHe fl ijap- 
CBe BojcBe MBorn us OBor OBpyra Ao6poBOJi>HO na cxpann 
napcBe BojcBe, a npoxsB ^a8BaH^Hje, tfopn^n, BaA je on, 
npoJiase&H npoBo BibaaseBaqBor oBpyra, nomao ($ho a& sa- 
y3Me Hnm. Me^y H>HMa ($ho je h Epcxa. IIpHqa ce a^ je 



182 H3TUMO«IKEKPAJHIIE 

y 6op6H, ROA rpa/^a CBp^era, Epcra c HeROJiHso j^jah cys- 
6uo ApnayTe IlaaBaBQHJHHe, rojh ce ((exy jnynEAE a^ no- 
potfe J6AaH stfer, h cnacao BHme nopoAHua, Boje cy, tfeseLH 
OA Typana, y n^aHHHH nocaBpHBa;ie ce ($HJie. 

EaA je Bejbso npemao hs n^pne Pese y EftasesaqsH 
OBpyr, Epcra je ((ho Mel^y npBHMa, bojh My ce npsApysEo 
H noABrao GBp^flasaHe na Typse. 7 ce;iy HiimeBUinia, npeA 
HapoAOM, BeJbBO je HaHMeHORao Epciy sa tfHMtfamy h cra- 
peniHRy GBpjbHmBe KHesHHe. OnAa je nocraBHo h tfyj^ys- 
tfame h sacTaBHHKe oa yrjieAHHJHX jK>yAH hs Tor Rpaja. Oa 
Tor Ao6a, na ao 1811-Te roAHHe. Epcra je 6ho HaJBHme 
c Be^BOM iiOA fteroBOM BOMaHAOM. Bho je y no^eTBy, 
nopcA ocxa^HX ApyriX MaftHx 6ojeBa, npn ocBajaay Pypry- 
OBcpa H Ha Ma^aJHHUu. UpH^ajy, a& j^ Ha MaJiaJBHi^H nory^Ho 
jeAHora oa cnaxHJa lypcBHX h yaeo My cBynoiteHO opysje h 
KOfta apancRor, Rora je ^ynao ao 1813-Te roAHHO. 

ToAHHe 1809-Te, y ($op($H na HHioy, ($ho je doa romeh- 
AOn MH;iojeBOM h oabojho ce oa BejbRa. BHme T. Mareje- 
Bai^a, Rao rnxo cy HaM npHqajiH, crajao je c roh>hiiom cboJom, 
ajiK HHJe ao6bo npHJiHRe a^ ynecTByje he y jeAHOj tfop6H. 
nocAe nponacTH ea EaMeHHi^H, Epcia je c bojcrom, npeRo 
EypHJioBa H BexpHJia, OAcrynHO ao BaH>e h ly ce cacraBMo 
HOHOBO c BeJbROM. Eao mxo cmo oAyma^H oa o^eBMAai^a, 
TypAH cy xaRO aaoo Hacxyna^M oa Hnma, Aft 6e MHore no- 
poAHAe H3 HaniRor ORpyra h GnpibHra, Roje cy ((eaRa^e TaAa 
HcnpoA TypaRa, Ha CHrypHO 6HJie sapotfj^ene, a& Htrje Epcra 
jiaraHO OACxynao h saRjiaftao hx h xhmo a^o npHJiHRe na- 
poAy Aft Hs^erne h Aft ce cnace ncnpoA Hana^e xypcRe. 

y ((ojeBHMa, ROJH cy ($hjih na BaH»H 1809-Te roAHne, 
Epcxa je c roh>hiiom cbojom noRasao HSBanpeAHy xpatfpocr. 
GnpibHsaHH cy y BejbROBOJ bojci^h, nasAa 6iilae xBa&eHH 
Rao RoibaHHitHy a SarjiaB^aHH Rao xonpHJe. BojBRO je CBaBa^ 
AOXJie nasHO Epciy — a;iH oa (5op6e na BaftH, saBOJieo ra 



II 3 TUMO^IKE KPAJHHE 183 

J6 BHme OA CBiijy tfEutfama h BHesoea, mTO kx je roA 6bao 
noA H>eroBOM ynpasoM. Bhah ce, nopea ocrajior, h no Tone, 
mTO EpcTa HHJe tfeo se^y ohhm tfHMtfamaMa h RHesoBBMa, 
KOJH cy AOi^HJe OHTysHJiH B6Ji»Ba 3a pasna nacHJba h bjio- 
ynoTpetie, 86or qera je 6bo nocjie h npeiieinTeH y EpaJHHy. 
npH jypHiDHKa Kpcra je 6ho Hepa3AB0JHH Apyr BejbsoB h 
EHFAe ra mje ocxaBj^ao. 

Ha Bafte je Epcxa OTHmao nocjie na /l^ejiHrpaAy a oa^- 
Tjie je aoCmo 0A0(JpeH»e, a& na Kparao BpeMe, OAe y Uly- 
■AAHJy, A& uoTpasH nopoAHi^y CBOJy, Koja je TaMO paHBJe 
6HJia Hstferjia, h, Rao mxo npHqajy, Hamao je 6AKy Jaro- 
AflHO y n0js»y noA caMHM Tvi&eii. Ilociie Tora BpaTHo ce na- 
Tpar, H AOK je CTHrao y /i,ejiHrpaA> ao($ho je jom aa nyxy 
HSBeniTaj, a* ^y je OTa^ — non Be^a — yiipo(*). 

EaA ey FycH npemjiH ISlO-xe roAHHe, h, BaA je BejbRo 
Hsamao npeA ftflx, h Epcra je 6bo c h>hm, h OAaxjie noGJie 
ys Thmob lAybH y^ecTBoBao je y CBHMa tfop($aMa na tom 
Bpajy, a no bito cy TypAH pa8($HJeHH na : 6aH»H, PpaMaAH^ 
Tptfaaqy h BerpHJiBMa, oh je ocTao y GBpjbHry, a Bej^RO 
je HaciaBHO h Afube c FycHua. 

ToAHHe 1811-Te, Eapa^op^e nocxaBH Epciy sa BOJBOAy. 
y A^^OBOAHOM npoTOROJiy Eapa^op^eaoMy oh ce AOTJie no- 
MHH»e CByAa Rao 6HM((ama — a oa to roAHHe, Rao BoJBOAa, 
AO 1813-Te roAHHO. 

Berne nyra cy Typi^H, hs HHma, y to apeiie, y MaftHK 
^exaMa, noRymaaajiH a& npe^y rpaHHuy ab. po6e h nji»a^Rajy 
— unL HX je Epcxa caaRaA cys^HJao, Ohh cy ce na H>era 
ropRO sajiHJiH H caMOH Sapal^opl^y, a, y jeAHOM nHCMy, Rao 
mxo ce BHAH xo hs abjIOBOahoc* npoxoRo;ia, Eapa^opl^e ra, 
DopeA ocxajiory oaoHHfte, a& He A^pa BHme y Typne. .. 



(') H Aaaac ce noanaje rpo6 non Be.bUH nopeA Apy^a ncu ca- 
MHM Tujbeu, IlHcau. 



184 H3 THIfOqKB KPAJIIHE 

1813-Te roAHHe, era cy Typm nposajtHjiH npeso IlaH- 
AHpajia, H cuyeTH;iH ce oa Sajeqapa le nonjiaanjiH Thmor h 
Sar^aBaR, h RaA ey Apyre Bo^e h8 BftaseBaqsor 0Rp>ra 
notfer^H 6hj!ii h BojcRy CBOjy pacnycrirjiH, Epera je ocrao 
can H Aps&o ce xpatfpo nocjie h>hx join neROJiHRO A&na. 
Oh ce Hiije Morao crjiohhth a^^ 6esH, Rao mio cy ra Toma 
H HHHa nosHBajiH, Beh nomTO je BHAeo a& Heiia noMoLH he 
OA RyAa^ pacnycTH tbr OHAa BojcRy, h npH ce($H saApsR case 
5, 6 MOMaRa h c ftHMa ce OAMeie y njiaHHHy. 

/loRJie ce je Epcia 6opH0 c TypuHiia h saycraBibao 
npoAHpaibe ftuxoBo, H>eroBa nopoAHi^a 6Hjia je Hstferiia y 
yHyTpam&ocT Gp($HJe, h oh o Tone HHje HHUiTa sHao. Paa- 
jiHqHie je r^acoBe AO^HJao; &ah, no cBHMa sHaitHMa^ y^H- 
HHjio My ce, AA cy TypiiH h H>eroBy nopoAHiiy, Rao h jom 
MHore Apyre, cthfah y Ceaaay h aapo^H^iH. IIlHAao je Ha- 
po^RTor ^oaena ao Bpa&e h pacnHTHsao, jep cy My HeRH 
jaBHjiH 6hjir OTyAa aa cy TypuH 3apo($HjiH MHore cpncRe 
nopoAHije H oTepajiH y Bpaay. Me^y ocrajiHKa ApyrHMa, fte- 
roB jeAaH crapn nosnaHHR Typ^HH m Hnnia, rojh ce jo 
3Bao MeMHm, jaBHo My 6eme, a^ je seroBa nopoABita y Hnniy 
H Aa ce y poncxay najiasH. KpcTa ce otfpaxH fteny 3a no- 
Moti, H oBaj My o6eba aa Le H3($aBHTH nopoARi^y H»eroBy, 
a^H saTpaasn, Aa My Epcxa nanpoA aa ipyA noR^ionn rokh, 
mio ra je 3aAo6HO na Ma;iaJHHitH. H Epcra My HcnpaTH 
ROfta, He anajyliH Aa ra je TypqHH o^Manyo, h a* j© fterona 
nopoAHija y to Bpene npetferjia 6H;ia y AycrpHJy. 

EaA je Myjia-EMHH, BOJBOAa, y BaH»H Aosnao, a^ j^ Epcra 
y CnpAHry, oh My nopyqn, Aa ce yRJiOHH h a^ ho rHHe ;iyAO. 
Ilocjie HeROJiHRo Aana RaA je Aonyo, Aa Epcxa HHJe oiHrnao 
H Aa ce 6aBH y iiJiaHHHH, oh napoAH GreBany PaAOHROBBby, 
H3 GjiuBJa, H HeKOM MflmH M3 Bojior nH>a, 6yji>yR($amaMa Ep- 
CTHHHM, RoJH cy ce npeAajiH 6hjih y no^eiRy Typi^HMa, Aa Ep- 
ciy — h;ih aRHBa yxBaie, hjih aeroBy rjiaBy Aa Hy Aonecy. 



H^ T M M O q K E KPAJHHE 185 

no mTo Ao6HJe oBasy Hap6A(i7 GTeBan, uomjbe napo- 
^HTor TOBGKa KpcTH, H nopj^H My OA CBoje cxpane Aa oa- 
max HAe. Ho, y lecxo OAtOBopa, Kao ioto npOTajy, Kpcra 
H3BaAH H3 CHJiaja ABa «HmeRa spBaBa, h nocjia hx Ore- 
Bany — 3a 3HaB, a^ ^^ ce c ibmm, sao c noxypHifOM, pa- 
^ynaxH. 

EaA je OBasaB OAroBop Ao6no CreBan, xaAa ee Bpene 
y noTepy 3a EpcTOM sajeAHO ca Mhihoh h horhm SEhbrobi, 
m /i,paJHHai(a, kojh je xaBO^e ((ho ((yAystfania EpcTHH, h, y 
necry /I.o6pHqy, Koje jie»H H3Me^y ce^a : OKOJieniTa, PymeBua 
E MaHoj^Hi^e CTHrny ra hctom idto je Aomao 6ho y cyMpaK 
H CKJIOHHO ce y jeAHoj nojara a* xy not npoBeAe. Ca h>hm 
Je 6eo xaAa caMo H>eroB BepHH MOMaR Orojan, rojh ra nnje 
xxeo ocxaBHXH ao nocjieAfter qaca. EoH»e cy cr.9ohh;ih 6hjih 
y jeAHOJ nojaxM OHAe na (JjiHsy. EaRO cy 6i\ae yiiopHH, 
rpejytiH ce Rpaj Baxpe, nocnajiH cy Rao 3aRJiaHH, He naAa- 
jyliH ce noxepir. Ha jeAan Max njianyme 3 nyniRe, h Epcxy 
CBe xpB noroAHme. H>eroB MOMaR Gxojan, rojh je 6ho ^aRO 
paiben, cro^h, Mamn ce 3a ca6ji>y h ynyxH ce r BpaxHHa, 
— a;iH jom HHJe Aomao ao Bpaxa, a no Apyrn nyx ujiaBynre 
B nyniRe, xe h H»era o(5opHffle. Oh ce cxponomxa nopoA CBora 
BoJBOAe, OA Rora ce HHJe OABajao, jom RaRo je npBa uymRa 
y CBpAHry 3a ocjio(5oVh»6 nyRjia. 

TiiaBy EpcxHHy, CxenaH je OAHeo y BaH»y Myjia-EMHHy. 
TaAa My je npoAao h H>eroBa 2 ROH»a sajeAHO c opyaRJeM h 
ocxajiHM ApyrHM cxBapHMa, mxo je naniao 6ho npn H»eMV. 

My;ia Emhh, rojh je nosHanao Epcxy, npH^ao je xaAa 
npeA TypitHMa o iteMy h fteroBOM jyHamxBy. EaA je Cxe- 
Ban nomao ($ho RytiH, HapeAH jeAHOHO oa raBa3a as ra npe- 
epexHO y OBpeny h y^Hje. H ranas je HSBpmHo HapeA^y 
fteroBy. „EaA je — bcjih My;ia-EMHH — oh ytfno CBora 
TapemHHy h onaRor jynaRa, h Mene Mose xaRo hcxo cyxpa 



186 us THMOqKE KPAJHifE 

ytfHTi^y pdRao J6 np6A TypuHMa 3aMHmjS»eH0 noeiiaTpajybH 
rJiaBy KpcTMHy('). 

Uocjie H6K0J1HR0 A^Ha, cecrpa EpCTHHa, soja je y^ara 
6ea^ y ce;iy Mep^eJlaTy, sa^ je Aoseajia Aa joj je ($pAT 
norHHyo, OTHnuia je y fl,o6i^iimj h, HamaB Te;io H»eroBO, Roje 
cy ncH H rpa({^HBe xBi^e Bel narpAUiH 6h4h, caxpaHH ra 
ne A^^Aeso oa MecTa tab je norHHyo sajeAHO e H>9roBnx 

MOMKOM GTOJaHOM. 

Kpcra je norHnyo y 48-oj toahbh. 

Bho je cpeAH»er pacxa, mHpoRBX njieLa, cMe^, OBpyr;ia 
jiBua, Becejie aapaBH, h ^Bpcior RapaBxepa. Majioje roBo- 
pflo — aJiH cMHmjbeHO. Bbo je yuan h npaBeAan ciapemHEa. 

HHRaA BHJe HMao o6Hqaj Aa ce XBajiH jyflaniTBOM, Rao 
ApyrH. GyBpeveHHnH, rojh cy c ibBM paTOBajiH^ apa^ajiB cy 
HRM, Aa, no jyaamiBy, HHJe Bsocxajao Hsa Be^Ra. 

EpCTa je ociaBHO nocjie cetfe ABa CHsa: Apasl^ejia i 
GxeBasa h jeAHy i^ep ffiHBRy. OiapajH H»eroB cbh ApaB^e^ 
jom y AycTpHJB aor je 6ho y 3(5ery, oaeBHo ce Riepjy Boj- 
BOAe tfaftCRor HBaaa. 

Ha roAHfly Aasa nociie ycxaflRa boa RflesoM Msjiomeii, 
BpaxB ce EpcxBfla nopoAHita hs AycxpBje b y JaroABBH 
cxaBB ce. 

Oa KpcTe HMa b AaBac BOxoMaRa y Jbtoabbb, a y no- 
tfouoj .AOSB oA Bcxe nopoABue y cejiy IIIj^BBOBBRy, y RB»a- 
ateBa^ROM oRpyry b xbmo ce aoBy ^IIonoBiiB." (*) 



(^) UeKH Byqa, hs II]j>UBOBHKa, KOju je 6ho iiOMaK koa Myja- 
Embhe, npuqao je Aoauuje nao oqeBHjiaa cee oeo. IlHoati. 

(^) ABTa ApaH))ejOBuh, rpr. h3 JaroAHHe. kojh ca^a hchbb y 
Humy, TO je ynyK KpcxiiH, a r. Ilepa ApaH})eaoBnh, ensKeibepcKH 
nyKOBBHK y neHSujH. npaynyK iberoB. 



H8 THMOqKE KPAJHHE 187 

UopOA OieBaHa PaAeHKOBfllia, bojh je hocho npHA6B h 
^Tonaji* C)j Mnme MRTpoBH&a, h3 fiejior Hfta, u ^HBBa, 
H8 AP^J^^^^y K^j^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ J6AH0M MecTy y tfHorpa«HJH 
EpcTHHOj cnoMeHyjiHy ((hjih cy 6jJbjK6B,mQ EpcTHHe m aacjiyasHH 
Jhjflfi H3 npBor yciaHsa h obh : IleTap IIonoBHL, CBeLeHHK, 
H3 TptfaBqa, kojh je npe ycraHBa xaJAyROBao, h saA je 
Beji»BO Aomao, oh ce je le^y npBHMa H>eMy npHApysHo; n 
($opHO sa ocJio6o]^eH>e ; 3a thm Kpera i Hjiiga O — Ahlaa — 
ropraHHLH, OA bojhx je jeAan 6ho hs TajiHtfatfiiHaita, a 
ApyrH H8 Bejior IIoTOKa. KpcTH, aymajiH cmo, Aa j© 
jeAHOM npHJiHBOM, noc^ie cBpmeHe ($op($e na MajiaJHHUH, crh- 
Hyo 6ho c jeAHor TypwHa, Kora je y(JHo, 8;iaT0M H3Be3eHO 
OAejio H HaBysao Ha ce6e ; 3a thm je MeTyo na rjiaBy Eays 
H nojamno ROH>a xypcRor, na xaRO, npepymen, nomao tfHo 
y jiorop. KaA je Aomao ao npeACxpase cpncRe, PycH, rojh 
cy 6h;ih na cxpasH, qHM ra yrjieAajy, onajie na H>era Hg 
nymana, a^H ra na cpeLy H»eroBy ne noroAe. Epcxa xaAa 
HaAa BHRy h no^e ee RpexHiH — h xaRo ra PycH nosHaAy 
Ro je H nycre ra y ;iorop. Iloc^e obhx JiHua, noMHH»y ce 
y GBpji»Hry jom h obh Rao: JoBan AJAaiiaR, b3 IIpeRO- 
Hore(*), H JoBan %jiaR h3 ORpyr;iHi^e (*), nipHH h BejiH 
'Bop^e — otfoJHua cy (Jhjih h3 TymeBita ; MapHHRo na Oro- 
jiBHrra, Rao no3HaTH BHAap oa pana y toh Rpajy, rojh je 
8a Bpeie ycxaHRa jie^ao pa&ene, h Ha nocjiexRy horh non 
MnjiHJa; 6flo je, Be;ie, nncap roa Kpcxe ao 13-xe roAHne, 
a, HOCJie iiponacxH, oxHnrao je y BeorpaA, h mxa je noc^e 
xora AfUbQ c ibhm 6hjio — ne 3Ha ce. 



(') y 6op6u c TypqHMa na TpaMa^u 181l-Te roAuue 6ho je 
paibeu y Hory m octeo caKaT, u oa Tor Ao6a Ao6uje npHA^B ((Tonaji.*^ 
(*) IIorHHyo je ua MajajuHuu. 
(*) llornny je na Baibu 1809-Te roAHHe. 
[*) PaibeH je 6110 y aeey pyKy h oTy^a ra iipoaoey «4o4aK'^. 



188 H3THMO«IKBKPAJHHB 

Ajih Mel^y cbhhe paTHnitHMa hs DpBor ycTaasa, HaJBnme 
<5e, nocjie Kpcxe nonoBHla, npH^a h Aanac y Cap wry o jy- 
HanTTBy PaAOJRa TpHqROBHha, H3 IIpeKOHore, Bora ey, 8($or 
«y;iyAacTe h njiaxoBHxe fteroBe napaBn 3Ba;iH h Cajiapoi. 

Bhjio My je, BOJie, 30 roAHna, RaA je BejbBO Aomao 
y KH»a»eBa^RH ORpyr. /l,OTJie je (5ho y xaJAyAHM, h KaA 
je ^0 3a ycranaR, oh ce ocTasH xaJAyROBaH»a, h npHApysK 
yciaHBitHMa, h, oa top Ao6a, HoaRe ce peLfl, a& Hnje 6eao 
BaaHHJer 6oja oa ymta TaiioRa ao Mopase tao HHJe on yqe- 

<JTBOBaO. 

PaAOJRO HMJe HMao cxajiHor Mecxa, bbL je y noqexRy hbro 
Bpeie ($H0 RCA EpcTe ($yjLyR6aina ; nocjie je OTHmao B6Ji>Ry, 
H Bpahao ce, — h xaRO je npoBeo ao 18l3-Te roAHHe. 

1813-Te roAHHe npemao je y B^ianiKy h OAieo Ha 
^e6a BBme oa 10 pana, Roje je ao6bo y (JojeBHiia oa ca- 
<$aiba H RypmyMa, h ROJe je cavo HSBaHpeAHO jaRa npHpoAa 
BeroBa y cxafty 6Bjia a^ bsap^^b. ^e^eiiH ce y B;iamRoj 
noxpomHO je 6ho cBe mio je uMao, a, npHqa ce, a& j^ <$ho 
Aocxa AOOpor cxaaa. 

Uo mxo je Majio npesApaBHo, jeAHOM npHJiHROM, nanraB 
te y ApymxBy c horbm TpiiHMa xexepHcxaiia, cnope^Ra ce 
c jeAHHM oa bbx h y CBal^n y(5HJe ra, 3(Jor qera (JyAe sa- 
TBopen. EaA je BHAeo a^ ce ne motrq Apys^HJe cnacxH, oh 
ce peniB xe 3ana;iH aHcany, h aor cy ce ^ynapn satfaBH^B 
<$hjih oro rameH»a nosapa, AOx;ie oh AO($Hje npBJiHRy xe 
no6erHe, a ca h»hi b ocxajiH Apyrn anceHHi^H RyA rojh pas- 
deray ce. Ho y Majio xaAa, Rao mxo je AOUBHJe npaqao, HHJe 
njiaxRO r^aBOM CBOjy aP^Rocx. JeAHa rpoAa, xaRO ra je 6HJia 
npHXHCJia, A& ce je joABa n c xemROM MyROM hchoa H>e as- 
jiHroJbHo. Hs B;iamRe no6erao je y Tpwy, h xaMO, reo 
Ao6poBOAaii, y^ecxBOBao je y ycxaHRy. Ho mxo ce CBpmH^a 
BOJHa, OH Aol^e y CptfBJy h jaBH ce RHOsy MBJiomy. Knes 
MnAom A^A^ My HORy Majiy noMoh, xe OAe y CBOJe cejio. 



H3 THMO^KE KPAJHHE 18^ 

RpHmoM OA TypaRa, a^ ce bhah ca ^aMHJiHJoii. OxyAa ce 
BpaxH y Kparyjeaaii onex Kneay MH^iomy, h 33-Le roAHHe 
OH ra nomji»e y GBpjS»Hr xe je noAHrao napoA na ycranaR, 
H, sa RpaxRO BpeMe, ohhcxho xaj Rpaj oa TypaRa. IIo mxa 
cy TypiiH ($6JiH npoxepaHH, Rnes Mhjioiii, Rao mxo cho oay- 
majiH^ uoHyAHO My je RanexancxBO, ho oh je xo oa6ho hsio- 
BapajyLn ce a^- J6 HenHCMen h Aa je 6yJHe napaBH, a noBpx 
xora jom je 6eo h hoa HSBecHOM MaxH0M.(*) Ehos Mejiohi 
HapeAH> Aa ce nocxaBH 3a ($yji>yR6amy na TpaMaAH, h oh ce 
npHiin xor Mecxa h nponeo je na PpauaAH BHme roAHHa — 
cRopo AO CMpxH CBOje. EaRO cy xaAa yqecxajie 6HJie Rpa^e 
H y($HCXBa Ha rpaHHi^H, Rnes Mi^iom OBJiacxH FaAOJRa, a& 
XBaxa jiODOBe h y6iiue, h Aa MoaRe ^onoBHMa mxa Berne n 
can cyAHXH sa ]iaH>e cxBapi, h oh je, npHqajy, cbojom expo- 
romhy, sa RpaxRO Bpeiie, ycneo a^ cxane na nyx Rpal^aiia vl 
yfiHCXBHMa Ha rpanaiiH. IIpHqajy, Aa cy ra ce (JojajiH h Cptfn 
H Typi^H. TypiiH cy ra BBaJiH cepAapoM, h xa xHxy;ia ocxajia 
My je H y HapoAy. 

7 oocjieAH>e npeMO 6ho je xaRo o($ojieo, Aa ce HHJe mo- 
rao Ha HoraMa AP^axH. Hh oaMHJiHJa, hh npHJaxejS»H, rojh 
cy ra hoxoah^ih, HHcy ra moxjih crjiohhxh Aa Jierne y nocxeAy. 
CoAHO je yneR na joahoj Ma;ioj cxojihmuh Rpaj Baxpe — 
H xaRO je HSAaxHyo. — KaA ce HHcaM Aao Typi^HMa y pyRe, 
ho AaM ce HH Bory irhb .... roBopno je y majiH soc^eAftHX 
Aana npnjaxejbHMa h cpoAHHi^HMa, rojh cy ra nyAH^iH Aa 
;ierHe y nocxeAy, jep fce My ohar (5hxh ;iaRme. 

PaAOJRo je 6ho bhcorof pacxa, cnasHor cacxana, cMel^ 
H tiocaB. BasAa je 6ro majtHB h ;iaRpAHJam y pasroBopy. 
Bojieo je ynen Aotfpe Ro&e, AO(5po opyatje h Jieno OAe^a 
— h Ha XO je MHoro xpomao. 



{*) KaA je (5ho y TpiKoj, Kamy, Aa ra je xaiio Kan^a aroAH^a 
y jesHK — HAH Kao mro HapoA bcah : 'lyiia ra xyKaa, 36or lera je 
uyqao y roBopy h TeniKO naroaapao nojeAHHe pe<iH. IlHcaa. 



190 H3 THMOqKE KPAJKHB 

ToBopHo je BHine jesHRa : xypcRH, apRayieKi, rp^sH 
H BJiamRH. 

Yipo je OA npHJiHRe 1846-Te roARHe. 



roiiy6 lop^eBNli 

6uM(5ania sar^aBCRu. 

npe yciaBRa, TojiytfoB oiaij 'Bopl^e, aocmho ce y P. 
BaKOHiity Ra GBRjUiJRHiia. GTapRHa rm je ($Rjia hb jeARor 
€e;ia 6;iH8y EypmyMJiHJe. Y npBO BpeMe^ orr cy ((rjir ch- 
poTRor CTaH>a. 3($or lora je Tojiytf ca cbojrk tfpaioM To- 
AopoM OAiiaaRO caaRe roARRe y RH>aseBaqRR ORpyr, xe ey 
TRMO apraTOBaAR, a oiai^ je onei RaAHR^Ro y CaRJiaJRRAy, 
— R TRRO ey sRBejiR. /LoARHJe ce gbr OAce^e y RH>aseBa^RK 
ORpyr R RacTRRe ce y T. EaieRRi^H. 

36or ReRe RenpaBAe, Bojy TypiiH y^HRe Tojiytfy r H.e- 
roBOM 6paTy ToAOpy, orr ce oCoJRAa oAMeiy y xaJAyRe. 
HcRpBa cy ($rjir cane h>rx ABOJRi^a, a nociie RpnRyRe ^ery 
OA 10—12 AyAR, c ROJOR cy npecpeiajiH TypRe, cytfame h 
noperaiRJe r y(5HJajiH. XaJAyRoaa^R cy y RpeAe^y oro Hy- 
RRRe PeRe r IlRcaRe ByRBe, a ch^rbrjir cy ro rojr RyT r 
y AO^RRy THMo^Ry. HeRO BpeMe Typijfl y TyprycoBity trro 
cy ce 6rjir sanjiamRJiR oa xaJAyRa, aa ce, rsbrr BapomH, 

RRCy CMe^H ROJaBHTH. 

Era je BejbRO Aomao y RH>aaReBaqRR ORpyr, Tojiytf ce 
npRApysH H>eMy r or ra RaHMeRyje sa 6RM6amy. 

y jeAROJ 6op(jR c TypijHMa rr ERea-Cejiy, npH jypRniy 
Ra maRai^ TypcRH, norRRyo je. 



H3 THMO^IKE KPAJHHE 191 

TOAOp "bop^OBNli 

BojBOAa aaraaecKu. 

ToAop j6 ($Ho no roAHHaHa crapHJH oa CBora 6paTa 
Pojiytfa. 

RaA je rojiy6 OTHmao Bejbsy h npHApyasHo ce ycra- 
HHAHMa, ToAop je ociao y xaJAyiiHMa, i tgr ma je qyo Aa 
nf je (Jpai norHHyo, pacnycTH qexy c kojom je xaJAyKOBao 
H sacrynH MecTo CBora (Spaxa. 

ToAop je 6ho, Rao mro cy cyBpeMeHHi][H H>eroBH npn- 
qajiE, xpa6ap y paxy. Bame nyra je h paaefl 6mo y (5op- 
6a]ia. Ajih HHJe 6ho noAecan sa crapemHHy y HHpna AO(!a, 
jep je 6ho eanpacHT h HecMHiiLi»eH. 

J\,o 1811-Te roAHHe y abjiob. npoT. Kaj)aV Ha;ia8HM0 
ra Kao 6HM6ainy. Oa ISll-ie ao 1813-Te roAHHe 6ho je 
BOJBOAa, H Te roAHie npetferne c ocTajiBM BOJBOAaMa y Ay- 
CTpujy. TaMo je npoBeo cse aok aaje qyo sa ycranaR y Cp- 
(5hjh. 1816-Te roAHHe BpaxH ce h crane y cjiy»(5y roa Pe- 
caBiia Rao H»eroB KOMaR. Eoa i^era je ($ho jeAHaRO y cajsl6e 
AO 1833-lie roAHHe. Te roAHHe, noniAe ra Raea MHJiom y 
ryprycoBaqRy naxHJy jiB. ABrne xaMomftH napoA, H on je otb- 
mao xaMO c jeABon qexoM, Rojy je ys nyx npHRynno h yqe- 
cxBOBao iipH saysetiy TyprycoBiia. 

Ho nrro cy BcxepaBH Typi(H h3 TyprycoBiia, rbos Mb- 
jiom nocxaBB Tomy sa Ranexaaa y xHMO?R0-3arJiaBCR0H cpcay, 
B OApeAH ra Aa hab y Bbahb npeA ROMBCHJy, Roja je aa- 
pel^eaa 6Bjia sa o($e.ieaRaBaH>e rpasHiie asxel^y Gp^BJe b Typ- 
CRe. H OB je c rombcbjom amao oa yml^a TaiioRa ao Gy- 
noBiia, Aajyla joj ys nyx cayAa noxpe(5Ba o68BemxeH»a. 

OAMax npae roAHae yqaaao je, aejie, neRy Benpaaa;!- 
Bocx y cj!y»(jB, s6or qera je 6bo oaxyaeB Raesy Ma^iomy, a 
oa ra stfaita c RaaexaacxBa a aocxaaa ra sa 6yibyR6aniy aa 



192 MSTUMOqKEKPAJUHB 

EaAHtforasy. Uocjie 2 Meceita Bpaxii ra onei 3a RaneTaHa^ 
M, Rao Eaneian, ociao je y MyafiH ao 1843-Te roAirae. 
7 nooAeA&e Bpeiie ($ho je o($OJieo a h ocrapHO a& hhj6 na- 
Aap ($Ho BHme Aa BpmH cjiyastfy. EaA ce je cacrao c By^H- 
Lex jeAHOK npHAHRoi, OBaj ra cr;iohh Aa ce OApene C4ys66 
y RopHCT cBora CHHa TpHByna, rojh je y to Bpeie 6ho kyp-- 
^tfja y £H>aseBity, h oh jo nocjie iRHfieo na cbom mia&y y 
KftaseBiiy 6aBeLH ce eROHOimjoH. 

/louHHJe je noRymaBao Aa Tpa^RH nouob hs AP^^aBHe 
Race, HO HHJe Morao HHnrra ao6hth, ho mxo ce ciaTpado a& 
ly je Aocia yiHfteHO mTo je fteroBOM CHny A^Ta cjiyaRtfa. Y 
jeAHOJ hoji6h, yny&eHoj AvmEO Ha xaAamfter RHesa, Toma 
ce HOSHBa Ha paTHe sac^yre. HaBOAehn, RaRO je y paTy c Typ- 
itHMa ($HBao BHme nyxa paaen u RaRo ce 6opHo sa cJio6oAy 
CBoje oTau^HHe. 

npH CBeM TOM, niTO je Bume iiyxa 6HBao paftOH y 60- 
jeBHMa, H>eroBa cHasna npHpOAa y CTaH>y je 6HAa Aa cbo 
HBApaRH, AB. npe6o.ie pane h Aa aos^hbh HoaR crapocT. Ho, 
HOCJieA&HX roAHHa, RaA je, Rao RaneTan, jeAHOM npHJiHROM to- 
pao xaJRy na MeABeAa, hs jeAHe ^ecTe, Rao mxo cy nax npH* 
^ajiH, ucQaAHe na jeAan Max npeA H>era MeABeA, mqena ra h 
noqfle ce c «»hm hochth. EaHAyp, RojH je (5ho ao ftera y aaceAH^ 
^HM yrjieAa MeABeAa, yn^ianiH ce h uotferne. Toma ocTaBjben 
caMOM ce6H, AoneRjie je OA<$HJao oa cetfe MeABeAa; ajiH xeniRa 
o6paH>eH na nooaeTRy rjioho h no^e ce ROJietfaxH Aft naAHe. 
y TOMe, Ha fteroBy cpety, CTHrae jeAan xaJRa^, h, RaRO je 
HOCHO nymny, HpHMaffne ce tfjiHsy, Hcna;iH na MeABeAa — ajw 
ra caMO oRpsne. MeABeAa jom BHme pasjapen, ocTaBH Tomy r 
noTpqn aa xaJRa^eM, ho onaj je tojihro 6ho XHTap a& vy no* 
(erne HciipeA oqnjy — h moabba ce noHona BpaTH Tomn. Jl^on 
ce je OH BpaTHo, h Toma ce 6no BeL Ma^o npntfpao h ^eRao 
ra, h, 6am y ohom TpenyTRy, RaA ce je MeABeA HcnpaBHO h bh-^ 
Hyo Ha ftera noc;ieAH»H uyT Aa ra upo»A^P^> Toma My cjypa 



H3TllM0qKEKPAJUHE 193 

Hom y rpjAiJ, xe Ha laj Haqw, cnace ce oa o^eBiuHe CMpxH. 
MeABeA ce cipononiTa na seMAy, a;iii h Toma je BeL 6ho 
TOJiBRO HSHOMorao, Aa ce noA TemBHM 6o;iOBHMa nnje Morao 
MatiH c Mecia, h nocjie jeAHor caxa na^y ra xaJKa^H otfne- 
3HaH»6Ha H ; spBH AO caMora MeAseAa. Eaaiy, a& ^y je 
MeABBA 6ho 3BHHyo cBy KO»y c jiet^a, a Ha JieBOJ CTpaHH 
Te;ia npoBJuejia cy My ce pe(5pa. Cyxpa a^h AonejiH cy y 
KaaateBau na jeAHHM caoHaMa Toiny, a na ApyrnMa MeAseAa. 
/lyro je BOc;ie Tora 6ojioBao h na nocjiexKy yip'o y iieceay 
Jy;iy 1846-xe roAHHe h caxpaaeH koa itpsBe y KftaateBi^y. 

Toma je 6flo cpeAfter pacxa, me\), OKpyrjia jl^^a n 
omxpor norjieAa. Bho je n-aaxoBHx, h xo ny je MHoro na- 
niKOAHJio y CJiyaUjH. — 

Cei ro;iy6a fl Tome, h3 3arjiaBKa je 6hjio BHme AyAn, 
KOJH cy ce c noatpxBOBaften 6opHJ!H y npBoi ycxaHKy, ii 
Koje 6h, Kao sacjiyatHe, BpeAHO 6hjio OBAe HsnexH. 

HeBOM MifJicHBy, 6yji»yR6amH, hb KpeiTe, npnqa ce Aa 
je 6ho xpa6ap, a Aa ce je CBaBaA y (Jop(5aMa oA^HEOBao. 
1810-xe roAHe, y jeAHOj (Jop6H c TypuHiia na IIpoBajiHJH, no- 
THHyo je. y6H0 ra je, no npnqafty, jeAan ApHayxflH — ii xo 
H3 3aceAe. CaBpHO ce 6ho Hsa jeAHe cxene h nyitao, a hhko My 
ce HHje CMeo npH6jiua^Hxn. Eoju roA ($h nomao e H>eMy, xaj 
6h n;iaxHo rjiaBOM. Mn;ieHBO saA bhah xo, npHipiH Apnay- 
xHHy, Ha^e jeAan saBJion, h y rojh Max je yseo (5ho na obo 
ApHayxBHa, y xaj hcxh Max h oh «»era — xe o(}oJHiia norHfly. 
/l^pyroBH MH^ieHBOBH, BOJH cy 6HJiti c H>HM Ha 6JiH3y, npHxpqe 
ApnayxHHy h OAcesy My rjiany, CBHHy opyaje c ApHayxHna, 
u, AOB cy ce spaxH^iH naxpar, MnjieHBo je Beh 6ho H3AaHyo. 

Hcxo xaBO npaqa ce n o hobom IleinH, m IQxptfaiia, 
BoJH je 6uo cxapemHHa naA CBHMa xoni^HJaMa y BftaseBa^Boj 
bojciih; HeBOM HemH, h3 A;iAHHaua, bojh je yqecxBOBao 
3a BpeMe ycxansa, a uoc^e xora, 3apo6j>eH oa TypaBa, npo- 
Beo je BOA H>HX y Bpi;[a;iujaMa h BpaxHO ce HaJ3aA CBOjoj Bybn 

raACHOK LXX IS 



194 U3THMOqKBKPAJUHE 

leTOBHpaH. Bho je AOilHHJe h KMex y ce^y. Hpn^ajy crapi 
AyAH H HeKOM PaHHhy, H3 r. KaMeHHi(e, kojh je BHme ro- 
AHHa xaJAyROBao npe ycraHBa, h, jeAHOM npniiHKOi, ua cy 
Typipi H3 UnpOTa nomJiH (Jb^h y noMoli ryprycoBuy, 6AH3y 
KaMeflBAe, AO^eKa Typne, no^ije ce c ftflMa b tom npn^iBROM 
y 6op6B norBBe. 



lleTKO BacN^eBNli 

6HM6ama thmo^ikh. 

Mel^y ocxa^HM AotfpoBOibiiBia, boJb cy Aom^in y Gp6BJy sa 
BpeMe npBor ycxaBKa, 6bjib cy b Asa (Jpaxa : IleTKo b HBHa. 

0(5oJBAa cy pol^eBB y cejiy 3arpa^B, Koje je apana- 
Aa;io AO CRopa RB>aseBaqKO]i ospyry — a caAa ApBope«iROK. 

KaA je BeAKo nomao y D^pBy PeKy Aa ABae xaj Rpaj, 
floni;iB cy ($bjib ca b>bh b ABa 6paTa BacBJ^eBB^B — IleTKo 
B HBsa. 06oJBua cy 6bjib mohiib B>eroBB, b, no mio cy b3 
I]j)BO PeBe npeni;iB y BB>aseBaqRB oBpyr, BejbRo flocraBB 
IleTBa sa ($B]i6amy y TBHOsy, a H>eroBor 6paTa HBBy 3a 
KBesa y bctom Kpajy. 

7 6op6B Ba Be^Brpa^BBy, jypBmeiiB Ba rpaA, IleTBo 
je DorHByo, a Ba fi>eroBO lecTo Aomao je 6paT fi>eroB 

HNHa BacN^eBNli. 

HBBa je (5bo no roABBana cxapBJB oa IlexBa. Ho jy- 
namxBy, BBje ce Morao c b»bh MepBTB, xe sa xo BejBRo h 
flocxaBB nexBa sa 6BM6amy, a HBBy sa BBOsa. 

7 AeJiOB. npoxoB. Eapal^opl^eBOM, Hbab ce noMB&e sa 
BBme uecxa Bao saes b 6BM($ama, a, sao mxo Baaiy, no- 
<5;ieAfi»e roABHe, 6bo je Bemxo uslao b BOJBOAa. 



HSTUMOqKEKPAJHHE 195 

1813-Te roAHHe npe6erao je y PycHJj, h HeKOJiHKO 
roAHHa sLHBeliH y hctom Mecry ca bojboaom I]^nHi](ap-JaHBOM, 
BpaiHO ce 1830-Te roAHHe npeRO BjiamBe y Cp6HJy. 

YMpo je l832-re roAHne y ce;iy Ay6jbj koa CsHJia- 
JHHi^a, TAB ce ($no HacxaHHO, h caxpaH>eH jo boa xaMomfte 
ApBBe. 

MeaH CtojkobnIi. 

Ilpe ycxaHBa, (Jho je o6opBHe8 hra Thmokom h SaoaB- 
BOM. 3a BpeMe nasBaHUQJnne BJiaAaBHne, 6ho je joAan oa 
noHaJBHtjeHHJHX ofiopBnesoBa y ijejioj Thmo^boj KpaJHHH. Ha 
H AOilHHJe Typi^H cy CBaRaA na HsaHa mhoto nojiarajiH, jep 
cy paqyHajiH Ha aeroBy naMex, 6HCxpo cy^ecbe h nonyjiapHOCx 
y napoAy. IlaBBaHijHJa, Bao raxo npn^jy, BaA roA je caanBao 
CBynmxHHy y Bhahh oa o($opBHe30Ba h BBeaoBa H3 u,eAQ H>e- 
roBO otf^acxH, HHJe xxeo HHrnxa a^ pa-AH ^ea HBaaa — aBO 
6e ce CJiy^aJHO oh oaouhho, hjih ne 6e HHBaBo Aomao. . QBana 
H fteroBe casexe TypiiH cy iieHH^H, a h boa napoAa je HnaH 
cxajao A0(5po. 

Joni HBaHOBH, cxapn, no npH^aay, 6h;ih cy o(5opBHe- 
80BH H 6epaxjiHJe. 

KaA ce je oxno^e^o Aa paAH Ha ycxanBy y BRaatena^- 
BOM oBpyry, HBan je let^y npBHMa npncxao, h noMorao Aa 
ce HapoAHa cxBap HSBeAO ao Bpaja. TjpiiH na H>era HHcy 
cynfta^H, no mxo je boa h>hx cxajao y noBepeay, xe y xo- 
;iHBO je Morao h jiaBnie Aa paAH na onmxoj cxBapH. 

KaA je ycxanoBAen larHCxpax y TyprycoBiiy, HBan je 
(Jho HOCxaBAOH 3a npeAceAHHBa, h y xom nojioacajy ocxao 
je AO 1813-xe roAHHe. Ha jbahom yBepeay oa 1812-xe 
roAHHe, Eoje je HSAao maracxpax ryprycoBa^BH bojboah Je«XH, 
H3 Otfpeasja, na npHMJteHHX 1612 OEa roBeter leca, cxojfl 
noxHHC HBanoB h aeroBor ceBpexapa C. ToAopoBnLa. 

13* 



196 HSTHMO^KEKPAJUHE 

1813-Te roAHHe HsaH ce npeAa TypitHMa. J noqeiKy ohh 
ra ;i6no npnxe; mia BBme, nocTase ra onei h sa o6opRfie3a. 
/l,oiiHHJe cy noMO^H 60JIH na H»era j\n. noAOspOBajy h ^a 
JHBHO BH^y, a HapoqHTO oa KaA ce yMHOXBme xaj^yiiH y tox 
Kpajy, u OA BaA nornde y KaAHfioraay Ciiaifji-BpKa, BOJBOAa, 
H3 Be^HrpaA^HBa, kojh je cxajao y Be^HKOM nomiOBafty koa 
TypaKa. Ho ioto je bha^o HBaH, a^ My je oncTanaK Heioryk 
BHme Me^y TypuHia, a npH tom 6effle b oceiHO a^ ce Typ^H 
cnpeMajy a* ra saiBope, oh noderne y KparyjeBai^ h jaBH 
ce EHeay MHJiomy. Knes Mn^om ra Jieno npHMH ; mxa BHme 
OApeAH Hy H HeBo HMaii>e, nopeA JleneHHiJie, Ha ysHBa&e. 
Ilocjie 2 roAHHe, npeno BHAHHCBor name, snes Mnjiom hs- 
paAH HBRHy cjio6oAaH noBpaiaB, h nama ra nosoBe na pe^ 
h odeba Hy a^ ra Hebe hbbo ahp&th. HnaH ce no xon BpaiH 
KytH ca CBOM nopoAHi^oM, Koja je aotjio aHBe;ia y Paqn^ 
H HeKo Bpene je »MBeo noByqeno. Typi^H BHAetH, a^ cy y 
HBany mhofo e^vjCbaEj nociaBe ra oneT 3a otfopKHesa. Oa 
Tor Ao6a HnaH je Mopao Aa yA^mana nonaraaae npena Typ- 
KUMa; a^H je ciajao joAHaso y BesH ca BHe30M Mn^omoH^ 
H OA ftera Aotfnjao ynyciBa. 

KaA je 1829-Te roAHne Myciaoa-IIlKOApa-nama c 30.000 
BOJCKe nyiyjyliH 3a y Bhahh npomao npeKo BH>a»eBaqKor 
OBpyra, nao je 6ho na BonaB y noity boa Je;iamHHqBe Pese. 
To noAe h Aanac ce 30Be ^IEboaphho IIoAe." Hceo^bbo 
Apnayxa npe^y npeno pese y BOBaHJiyB HfiaHOB h OAnecy 
My i BomHHi^e MeAa. HBan ce noiyxH namH, h oh napeAH, 
Te ce OAMax npona^y ApHayra, rojh cy Rpa^y yqHHH^iH, h 
Ba3Hfl HX CMphy. 

HnaH je 6ho, Bao mio npH^ajy, HMybaH qoBes. IIo HHyii- 
CTBy, HHJe My 6h^o paBHa y OBpyry. H>eroBo HMaae ^Jlemje", 
npocTHpajio ce oa Jejiamnn^Be pene h03 Thmob CBopo ao 3mh- 
jaHAa. Ho HMaay h H>eroBH cy ce ciapa nposBajiH — jle- 
miapi^H, na h Aanac ce laKo aeroBH noioMAH y ce^y 30By. 



HSTUMO^KEKPAJUHE 197 

YMpo je o^ npHiiHKe 1830-Te roAHHe y cbom MecTjr po- 
^efta, y ce;iy /I.e6eJlH^H, y 60-oj roAHHH CTapocTH. 

noae CMpTH HfiaHOBe, Typ^H nocTase cnna My Cia- 
Hoja sa otfopraeaa, kojh je 1833-te roAHne HsadpaH 6ho 
OA napoAa 3a cyAHJy OKpyaHor cyAa y KH>affieB^y, y kom 
je nojioatajy, nocjie HeKo;iHKO roAHna h yipo. 

HBan je 6ho, no npn^afty, cpeAfter pacxa, i;pHOMaH»acT 
H OKpyr;ia jiHi^a. CsarAa je 6ho 036HikaH, thx h CMnin;b6H. 



ChMOH MapHHKOBHii. 

CflMOH je 6 HO cyAHJa y neijJiHcy ryprycoBaiKOM oa 
1813-Te AO 1833-fee roAMHe. 

Kao cyAHJa Hsamao je Ha rjiac y HapoAy ca CBora no- 
ffliefta H npaBH^HOCTH laKo, a^ ra ce h Aanac y THMOKy 
<5efeajy ciapH ityAH npH^ajytH o Reiy, nopeA ocTa^ior, KaKo 
je 6ho Ao6por cp^a h oceiAHB cnpaM CHpoiBibe. 

y CBaKoj ^pFfJlH^H, KOJiHKO My je Moryte 6h;io, mxa- 
THO je napoA oa Typasa. 

H Cp6H H Typ^H, noAJeAHaKO cy ra iiomroBajiH. 

1833-lie roAHHe Bet je (5ho ocTapHO h oMadao, h oth- 
mao CBojoj KytH y cejio JaKOBaA, rAe je Ha CKopo h npeMHHyo. 



PaAOjKO MHxajyiOBHii. 

Ilpe ycraHKa, PaAOJKo je nponeo HajBHme y xaJAyso- 
BRfty. AoK je xaJAyBOBao y npeAejiy obo ^yMHne Peae h 
EaAHdorasa, MHorn cy TypDiH na tom nyiy r^aBOM n;iaTH;iH, 
a Hapo^HTO OHH, KojH cy qflHH^H 8;ia HapoAy. 



198 H3THM0<IKBKPAJHHE 

KaA je Be^Ro Aomao, PaAOJKO je jom la^a Morao hiete 
OKO 50 roAHHa. ^hm je ^yo sa ycraHaK, oh ce lane xaj- 
AjKOBaaa h npHApyatH ce BeAKy. Be^KO ra nocxaBH sa 6y- 
jByK^amy, h oa Tor AO(Ja, na ao 1813-Te roAHHe, PaAOJRO 
je yiecTBOBao y 6op6H sa oMotfo^eae h cBarAa ce oa^h- 
KOBao He^y ocTa;iHM 6opi^flMa. Bmne nyxa je 6ho h paibeH. 

1813-Te roAHHe PaAOJKo ce ne xxeAe npeAaia Typ- 
miMa, BeL ce dohobo OAMexe y xaJAyKe. — 

Ha ABe roAHHe nocjie xora — Kao mxo npHwjy crapH 
AyAH — no^e jeAHOM hs Be^Hrpa^HKa na nyx sa y Kpy- 
meBai^ HeRH OMaflJi-Bpsa, BoJBOAa, rojh je ca CBora jyea- 
mxBa Hsamao 6ho sa r^ac roa TypaRa xaRO, a^ cy ce o 
BeMy pasne npnqe npH^a^e. Bho je bh^ch TypwH, a nope- 
R^OM, BCJie, Aa j© <$Ho H3 Boone. Ilofflao je 6ho a* AOBeAe 
H3 KpymeBita A^BoJRy, Rojy je pannje HcapocHo h noneo 60- 
raxe A&poBe xas^HHH. 

Ilpe Hero mxo fee ce RpenyxH na nyx, Typi;H cy OABpa- 
fea^B GndLHAti, A^ He HAe na EaAH^oras, nefe npeRO BHABHa 
H 3aje^apa, n;ianiefeH ra PaAoJROM. GiiaH;! ce janno noxna^H 
npeA Typ^HMa, Aa ce ne 6oJH hh 5 PaAOJRa, h a* fee yAa- 
puxB na EaAH6ora3 Aa ce dam OMeAa ca h>hi. Hlxa BHme, 
Rao mxo npnqajy, nnje xxeo Aa boah hh Be;iHRy npax&y, 
jep je pa^ynao, Aa ra PaAOJRO nefee CMexn hh Aa AO'ieKa. 

HanpeA je jamno sa Roay Apnayxfln, rojh je boaho 
ceRcany, a sa h>hh GnaHJi c 5, 6 HOMaRa Ao6po naopysa- 
hhx h na ROH>HMa. 

KaA cy yniJiH y KaAH^oras, PaAOJRO nponycxH TypRe. 
Kqa jeAHor niyniber opaxa y Mecxy mxo ce sone ^ILioto"*, 
(roa cejia Ilexpynie) TypAH nan^y na saceAy. Kao mxo npE- 
qajy, PaAOJRO HHJe HMao Be;iHRy ^exy — CBera 5, 6 AyAH, 
ajiH Hx je pacnopeABO xaRo, Aa je CBaRH oa h»hx sayseo 
no jeAHy (Jycnjy, n hhro nnje CMeo HcnaMxn nynree npe 
H>era. TeR mxo je yqanno 6ho pacnopeA c AyAMa, a na je- 



U3 THMO^KE KPAJUHE 199 

AaH Max yKaae ce CiaHJi Ha 6ejioM apaucKOMxaTy. PaAOJKO 
ra y3Me na oko m CBoje mHmaHe, Rojy je SBao RapaBQ^b- 
KOM, H cpetHO ra noroAH no cpeA rpyAH. H aKo je 6ho 
CHpTHO paibeH, GMaHJi ce Hnas upndepe, dai^E ce Ronji>ei 
Ha PaAOJKa, a^H ra ne noroAH, sefe y jeAaH opax y kojh ce 
8a6oAe Ron;be. J Tove ce ocae nyAftasa HBMe^y xaJAyRa h 
TypaRa. Oa nyi^&aBe nonjianiH ce roh> GiaHJiy h 36aiiH ra. 
PaAOJRo npHTpqfl h oAceie My rjiaBy, cRMne c H>era AOJiaMy 
H typaR, y3Me My opyatje, h OHAa HoceliH y jeAHOj py^H 
rjiaBy HafioAeny Ha Ronibe, cnycTH ce y cejio, lAe je no- 
RasHBao cejbaAHMa r;iaBy CMan^oBy. HapoA je oro MpTBe 
r^aBe neo Aan Hrpao h BecejiHO ce. 

Oa npaxae CMaH^iOBe caMo je aeroB ceJH3 nornHyo, a 
ocTHJiH ApyrH no6erjiH cy naipar y Be;iHrpaqHR, HesnajytiH 
Ha CHrypHO, a^ ^^ je GMaHA noruHyo, hjih je sreu yMaRao. 

PaAOJRO noc^e Tora HapeAH, Te CManjia, sajeAHo ca ce- 
JB80M BeroBHM, yROuajy ne AaJieRo oa Mecia rAe cy norHHyjiH. 

Ilocjie xpH AftHa, Rpene ce h3 £e;iHrpaqHRa noBeLa 
qeia TypaRa a* TpaatH CMaHJia. PaAOJRo A03Ha 3a to pa- 
HHje, H3a^e npeA h>hx roa cejia Omji>aHa, h, RaRO je na je- 
AaH Max Hcnao h3 jeAHe qecTO h jypHniao, TypAH ce 36yHe 
H AOBeAy y H^poA. Tom hph^ihrom najio je neROJiHRO TypaRa 
Ha MecTy, a ociajiH Apyrfi 6e3o63Hp^e notferny naxpar y Be- 
jiwrpa^HR. Oa PaAOJROBHX AyAH, ABOJHAa cy y toj 6op6H no- 
rHHy;iH, a ipojei^a onex pa&eHH. 

KaA cy A03Ha;iH Typ^n sa CMpx CMan^iOBy, jaRO cy ra 
sajiHJiH. Bpax GManJioB, rojh je smBQO y BeJiHrpa^HRy, sa- 
BepH ce no mxo no xo a* te ce ocBexHXH PaAOJRy. Oh ao- 
80Be 113 BflAHHa CBora CHHOBAa EaApH-6apjaRxapa, u ca i&hm 
CRpoJH n.iaH, RaRO h na rojh na^HH a& na npenapn y^HJy 
PaAOJRa. Hajnpe yAecH KaApH-6apjaRTap, xe ce no6pa- 
XHMH c PaAOJROM H cxyHH c H>HM H y npHjaxe^CRO OAHoce. 



200 U3 TUMOHKE KPAJHHE 

KaA je jeAHOH upHJiHsoi Aomao 6w Peaojeo hr sapayjiy 
DlafflEy, r^e je KaApn-tfapjaKiap Oho na cipaaH, oeaj h3- 
HenaAa noierHe jaiaraHOM h nocpeA r;iaBe yAapH ra h na 
MecTy y6Hje. 3a thm My oAce^e abcho yBO a* OAHece crpHity 
paAH yBepeH>a a^ je y6H0 FaAOJRa, h c HOMAHiia npeso Hob 
no6erHe y Bhahh 6ojetH ce ocBeie xaJAy^se. 

MoM^H PaAOJKOBH cyTpa a^h KaA cy BHAejiH Aa hm Hena 
apaM^ame, OAy y Kapayjiy, h, HamaB MpiBO Te;io fteroBO, npe- 
Hecy ra y Hobh XaH h caxpaHO ra j iteroBOM BHHorpaAy. 

PaAOJEO je norHHyo c jeceHH 1815-Te roAHne. 

Ho npMqafty cyBpeMeHirea, PaAOJKO je 6ho BHCOKor pa- 
cia, cna^Hor cacxaBa, ApHoma&acT, Be^iuRHX i^pHHX o^HJy h 
6pK0Ba, H omipor xaJAywor nor^eAa, Ka»y, a* ^y je la^o 
6eao jeAHO ^yp^eBCKO jarae 3a o6poK, h a^ je nno no 3 
oKe paKHJe h to^iheo BHHa — h onex HHJe ce HHKaA BH^ao 
y HaoHxoM cxaay. (*) 



Ho fflxo je 1833-Le roAHne OBaj OKpyr npHcajeAHfteH 
Gp6iiJH, RHes MEJiom nocxaBH no ^ejbe napoAHoj, sa cyAHJe 
H cxapemHHe y onnixe AyAe h3 HapoAa HaJBH^eflHje h to: 
RHesa GxaHOja, h3 ^e6e;iBAe, (cuna o6opRHe3a HBana), Rnesa 
PaAOcaBa, ti3 MaH>nHAa, RHe3a PaAOcaBa, h3 AyROBa, a aou- 
HBJe H RHe3a Pacxy Apan^ejiOBHLa, hs EB>aseBiia. HeRo 



(^) r. II. UBeTKOBHh, yMHTe^ HOBO-xauoKH, niiao je Ao6poTy 
caonmTHTB uaii MHora Aara, Koja je y cbom Kpajy, no npHqaH>y cy- 
BpeMeHHKa h3 npBor ycraHKa, npuKynuo. HeKU M.ia4eH HuKOJinh. raKO 
BBann aeaiip U3 H. Xaea, u HeniKO SApaBKOBHh, h3 Om.f>aHa, crapiin, 
KOJH cy npenuu 100 roAUHa, u kojh cy h caAa h;hbh, nopeA ocra- 
jiux, c KOjiiMa je r. UaeTKOBuh y AOAup AOjaano, o6jacHii.iH cy h no- 
TBP4BJH Muore cTBapu, Koje je r. I^seTKOBuh u pauuje oa Apyriix 
jbyAH caanao. Iliicaa. 



liSTUMO^KEKPAJHHE ^01 

Bpeie 6ho je cyAHJa y KftaaeBiiy h EHes CxaHoje h3 Pro- 
THHe. KanexaHH cy 6h;ih y npBO Bpeie: y cpeay thmo^eo- 
8ar;iaBCK0M — Toma 'Bop^eBHt, h y cbpahbikom — Jobuh 
EomKOBHti, H3 FcaBaAa. 



IIponpaTHBiiiH y KpaTSO HcropHJcse Aora^je hs ho- 
BMJe name HCTopHJe, kojh cy ce adnja^iH Ha obom Kpajy Cp- 
3HJe, H HSHOceliH 6HorpaMJe nojeAHHHX sacJiyatHHx ^inqnocxH 
H^ OBor OKpyra, naHepa naM je 6H^a, Aa c obhm AonyHHMO 
y MHoroMe jom Henoxnyny h aoboaho H3o6pa^eHy flamy ho- 
BHJy HCTopHJy Apat^iH ce no3HaTe H3peKe PeieoBe : Aa je Haj- 
Befea ycjiyra HciopHje, hito 6yAH OAymeBAefte. Ona to AOHcxa 
H qHHH, a;iH ona ^khh h BHme, jep je ona AOHcxa oho, inxo 
<5y joj cxapH KasajiH — y^Hxe^Ka aHBOxa (magistra vitae). 



A 



PArO,/fcyB K. JOBAHOBH-R. 



HEMAtbMHA r/lbBOHMUA. 

(HaneEbeHO r. H. C. JaoTpeSoBy). 



y a^HTHJy ,CB. CHM6a>NA'' (') BeJiB ce 3a HeMaH>y^ a^ 

KEA J6 OApaCTEO 9AO (dTpOYUNU'^ H flpHXHO j^YeCTb a^th- 

YbCTiNA CBoero' ToHJKmy, H6ap, PacEHy h „rAAro- 
AKMUieO ptKU', ocKp6;baxy ra u»eroBa ^c^atha'' inxo 
je „a>TB|ArAO 3Jio6y ^aBOAy/ Y to speMe npacne y HHEiKy 
o6jiacT i(ap Manyujio h 3ase;iH a^* bhae HexaH>y. EaA My 
Heiafta .npeACiaHe'', iJiap ra no^y^H h ^qni^CKNUb ca- 
NOMb noTbTb'' H pa3;iHqHHM A^poBDMa o^AapH. Ila My 
„OTAOYTN a>n ;6Maie csoie h aaa^ TAbsoYNqov* roBopeliH: 

9T66H N YKOM6 nOTOMCYKY no T66H Bb BtKU NH C BNMb 
N6Cba>Sbl|IM0, HH Cb MNOtO^ NN HO M6NII Ck SAHXkNHMn 

MOHMH.'' IIpeMa oBOHe, HeiiaH>a je ochm a^^^. o^eBHHe CBOJe, 
A06H0 OA Tiapa MaHyHM Tvibfio^eity, h thm je nocrao 
MoryiiHHJH OA CBoje dpafce, jep My je fteroBa ApataBa yse- 
taHa OBiiM AapoM ^apa MaHyn-ia. J ocTa^OM obao Hety y^a- 
3HTH y DHTaibe sa mio My je ManyHJio noBJiOHHO ^Jli,6o^H^y, 
BUTE KanaB My je to „cMh'' a^o, nero^ a^ ce sanETaMo: 



(*) Pam. Ilia*, iiaa. Hp. cxp. 2 h 3. 

(^) H3iie})y FojaKa, Kapnune h HoBor Bp^a c jeABO CTpaae 
H I^pHe Tope (Kapajiara BHme CKon^a) c Apyre cTpaue ca thx nua- 
HHHa TOKy MHoro6pojHe pe^Hue h oa h>hx nocTaje BHHq-Mopaaa. Que 
peMHae, Koje yxHMy c ^eae cTpaee HasHB^y ce y onmTe oP©Ke», 
na je OATaaeu nocTa^a peq : aPeKaaHja'^, Koja je npeneceHa u aa 
Apyre .by^e, kojh AOjaae oa p. PaAHKe. 



HEMAH>IIHAr.lBBOqHUA 203 

r^e je (JHJia Ta VAh6omiin^, jep oa pemeaa oBora nHTafta 
SRBHCH nHTa&e: KOwiHRa je 6H;ia HeiiaibHHa KHea^HHa h ao- 
KJie ce fflHpHJia, okojio Koje je oh npHKynHo ociajie n;ie- 
MeHCRe cpncKe AP^^BHi^e. 

Obo je nflTaifce pacnpaByi>ao r. HoBaKOBHL y ^roAHm- 

H,^!^H* (Kft. L CTp. 185). 

r. HoBaKOBHb Be;iH: „ap»hm, a^ ce xaKO (t. j. r;ii>- 
6o^hiioh) 3Bao H AecROBaA, Kao niTO nac y^H TpaAHi^HJa, 
Kojy je XaH sadejieatHO.'* TaKO je naK to Xan satfeJiemHO 
Ha TOM ocHOBy, HiTo je npeKo paBHHiie „KopHTO" TeKyte 
peKe BcTpHHiie: „y Ty paBHHAy Ay<5oKO yKonano." 
XaH Ao6Hje: „y sa^yAHo name nponHTHBau»e sa npH^aia 
MecTy AOHejio HaM je 6apeM Ty sHaMeHHTy 6ejiemBy, 
Aa je .decKOBait cBoje HMe nponeHHo (?) h a* ce y npe^maa 
BpeMfiHa 3Bao Dibof schtiza. ** 

niTa je TO /l,H6o«inTHita ? ^hhh mh ce, Aa je ^yaa- 
jiyAHa'' fl3MBni;b0THHa Xanona, Aa ce npe JlecROBaif SBao 
/l,M6o«mTHita, na n Mopa 6hth oA^a^ena, jep Ta pe^ cpncKH 
Ht5 sflaqu HHfflTa. Me^y thm r. HoBaKOBHfe ycBOJuo je XanoBy 
nsMHm^OTHHy, Koja HHJe hh Ha ^en ocHOBana, na je y hcto 
Ao6a Haneo ABe CBeAOijtfe o Tiibtfo^HAH TaKBe, Aa ce noc^ie 
H>Hx Home caBecTHo petiH o VAh6ominyi : caHO th ce Bame, 
TAe je Fjibtfo^HAa. JeAan je HaBOA yaeT b3 AapoBHe noBe^e 
^MOHaxHfte EBreHHJe*' h H>eHHX cHHona CTeoana n B;iLKa, 
a Apyrn h3 nyTHHKa HeTanqHiia. 

I. 

r. HoBaKOBHt BejiH: ^Ilocjie CHHOBa h 6Horpaoa He- 
MaBHHHx, Taj ce npeAeo cnoMHH>e tck 1385 (') roAHne y 
y HHCMy KoJHM iiapni(a(?) MdJiHi^a h cHhobh H>eHH AaAome 



C) Obo je mTaMnapcKa norpeniKa, aKT je Hanucau 6903 t j. 



204 HEMAH>HHA T^bBOqHUA 

HeKa Ao6pa pycKOM laHacxapy cb. IlaHTeJieJMOHa y cb. FopH. 
To DHCMO Hsat^e Ha cbbt xen 1868 r. y T^iacHHKy XXIV, 
TpyAOM uoKOJHor AP- J- ina*apHKa. TaMo Ha cip. 273 
CTOjn: H oy rAbsovHi|H ceno MnpotteibiiN c ucTOxau h 
c MernMH h ccao BiiNNba c ucroxoMb MernMii h ^AstAouk 

H MCrn ^ASMOV TOMOV AO p. CoYU1N1|6 H AO pAAONHNCSe 

u^m; a Ha cxp. 274: lorA nf^NAoasN oy riusoTHifn cca« 

rOpNNO H C6A0 C6AMA^I|H. J OBOMe caM HMaO Ta^BV H a- 

cjiona, KojoM Ly Tpa»eH>e no^erii" (cip. 183 h 184) pa- 
syie ce r^e je Tjibtfo^Hi^a. 

y TOM CBOie „Tpaaefty** na^e koa Xana xn je 
^ecBOBaK upoHeHHo CBoje hmb ii a^ co upe SBao /i,H6o«- 
niTHita, a;iH „cyMH>ajytM y TaqHOCT** HSAflRa noKoJHor 
Ula^apHKa, nosHaior ca cBoje iipexepane lawocTH : norjie- 
^ao caM — Be4H y opHrHHa^i, ©oTorpaoHJe HHcaMa fflxaina- 
HHX y r^acHHKy XXIV, Koje cpncKo yqeno ApynixBO HMa. 
TaMo je OBo ce.io Hanncano BHHHa c obchjom naA u h ano- 
cxpoooM HaA «. Ja can — Be;iii — AftR^e h MHxao BaHHa.*" 

y B8AaH>y nas hob. Ula^^apHBa ctojh onaBo: ^MonaxH 
(a He aapHiia, ji p ona h HHJe HHXAa 6H;ia uapwi^OM) 6yre- 
NHiA * ca CHHOBHMa A^pyj^ ManacxHpy cb. IlaHxeJMona: ^u 

€Y rAbSOYNllH C6A0 MN|IOIUeBkl|6 N C6A0 BHNNbA. . . • 

H 6I|I€ C6A0 oy BtANIIH T^bNAKA IHIU6 JJ^OS^ANie'' (Fjl. 

XXIV cxp. 173). — y npHSHaHHi^H naB HryMana la- 
nacxHpa cb. IIaHxe;iejMOHa, oita HHBOAHMa, CBexoropAa (Ta. 
XXIV cxp. 283) cxoJH nanHcano: ^oy jl^AbS0THi|N C6A0 Mn- 

fOIU6Bl|ll N C6A0 BnNNA H C€A0 ToipbAnill|N. "* 

y CBaBOM cay^ajy 6oAe je anao AapoAaBai^ BaBO ce 
30By Mecxa h ce.fta y aeroBoj AP^taBH, nero HeEasaB Bajiy- 
l^ep cBexo^opa^, na je xaj CBOxoropai^ p^aBO sauHcao Baso 
PjiLdo^HAT, xaBO H BHH>y X. j. Ha Mecxo r.ibtfoqima oh Ha- 
nucao J[M>6oTan,2i., a Ha Mecxo BHH>a nanncao BHHHa. Bhah 
ce Aa je norpemno aanncao xa Asa uMena. V. HoBasoBHi 



HEMAH>HHA r.lBBO^MUA 205 

je H lipo^qniao norpemHO sanncaHd cpiicKa HMeea Hryiia- 
HOM Hhkoahmom, a OHa cy npaBUAHO nauHcaHa y noBeJbH 
M0HaxHU>6 EBreHHje. 

Ha peAy je a* ce aanHTaMo: ^a ^h ce aancia 3Bao 
AaHaniAH AecKOBai^ /l,H6ooinTHaa t. j. ^;lb6oqH^a. Pa^H Tora 
Aa sanHxaMO KH>erHBy MH^iHuy, KaKO ce 3Bao jlecBOBait y 
ibCHO Bpene, Ka^ je ona noKJiaaajia ManacTHpy ce^a y Tjib- 
6oqimH. Ofla Le Bana Haj6oAe KasaiH, na te OHAa 6hth h3- 
jiHfflflo OHO, mTO r. HoBaKOBHh Be^iH, Aft Aa je „mmmho", a^ 
My je „Ka3aH npaBait" HeMaRHHHii rpaHHiiaMa (cxp. 184). Mo- 
BaxHfta EfireKHJa Ka»e y ncioMe rjiacHHKy (XXIV), na hctoj 
CTpaHH Kojy naBOAH r. HoBaKOBHfe (273) ypeAy 14 obo: Mo- 
HaxHu>a EBreHMJa ca cbojhm cHHOBUHa GxeBaHOH h B;ibruh, 
BopeA ocxajiora, noKJiaH>aH: „ll on B/\bK(iNA(') bmko ro- 

ANI|I€ no ngTk Clin BpHnNI|b COAH H am VAOStKA AA CUTb 
UAHACTHpCKA — jJ^OA BAA»IU6BNKk H PAUIA PAriCBHKb ; H Of 

r|iAAOY Ctaaabio VAOBtKb Ctanko ; n oy rpisAoy Kf^»ui6Bbi|s 
koykh h YAOBtKb PAAOcAABk EvfAfiNiiii; N (o^) npoKOvnNm 
OY rpAAH (x. j. npoByn^Fy rpaAy) kovka BAbKore Bofaa- 

||l€BHni Cb BKCOMb BAI|lNNOMb H ffifk YAOBtKA PAAOCAABb H 
j!^OBpOMH(^k N BHNOrpAAb; N 0^ /ltCKOBI|H KHKII H A^^ 
TAOBtKA KoCTAANHb H jlJ^pASKHH ; N 0\( HoBOMb BflbA» BHKIi 
Ma^THNA BpbAie H ^A^^HNA Cb MH»6Mb'' n X. A- 

H xaKo Ha hciom ohom Mecxy rAe je ylecKOBaii caAa, 
Ha xoM je HcxoM Mecxy 6ho h 1395 roAHHe. HeMa xora 
xKO 6(1 CMeo HeBepoBaxM RnerHBH Mmjihah. 

Ha Ha XOM ncxoM Mecxy 6ho je AecKOBaii h aa Bpene 
HeMafte, c xom pasMKOM, nixo je oh cnaAao y HHioKy otfjiacx 
KaBO OHAa, KaA je y xy otfjiacx AO^asHO Manyajio, Kao mxo 
ciiaAa H Aanac, a HHrAa HHJe cuaAao hoa npenieBO hjih hoa 
Bpaay, a uap ManyHJio HHJe oabojho o6^acx oa HHmaBCKe 



(') EKblHIl je Ha AOMaK A^eucHHua, onaj rpaAwh na phauhh- 



206 HEMAIbllHA r^bBO^HUA 

o6;iacTH h a^o HeMaaH, Bet KaA je AOinao y HHmKy o(JjiacT 
H noKJioHHO HeiaftH T^btfo^Hiiy, Koja je 6viae nerAe Ha 
Apyroj CTpaHH. HHinKy naK ofijiacx HeMaaa je ocbojho aa 
HeEo^iHKo roAHHa Tea nocjie CMpTH iiapa MaHyn^a. /l,a je 
OBa CTsap oBaRBa h HHsaRO Apyra^HJe, HOseMo ce ysepHTH 
H8 AHeBHHKa H HHCi^a HOxoAa 6ap6apycHHor AHc(iepTa (*). 
Taj AHc6epT onHcyje noxoA HMnepaiopa Bap6apyce Ha Be- 
orpaA, npeKo BpaHH^eBa, PecaBe h t. a- na Kaae Aa cy 
cy CTHrjiH roA. 1189 y Hhhi, v^e je 27 jyjia Aomao h ee- 
jiHRH aiynan HeMan^a : idem preterea comites (magnus Nea- 
man ac germanus suus Crazimerus) cum tertio fratre suo 
Mercilao(') ocupaverant in gladio et arcu suo Nisam et 
circa eam. . . . usque ad Stratiz (CpeAait) ex ditione Gre- 
corum.** y »circa(*) Nisam* h cnaAa AecKOBaii. H>era Aa- 
K;ie, Kao ^^L6oqH^y HHJe hh doejiohho ^ap ManyH^o He- 
Mafi>H, Hero je Ham u H»eroBy OKOJiHHy (HflmKy o6mct) 
HeMa&a c 6paliOM omTpHiioM Ma^a h Kon;ba ocbojho no cipTH 
ManyBM. Eto KaKO je ^xaqKa nacjiona* HemaftHH Ae- 
CKOBau Ha CB^y npexBopH^ia y /I.H6ooniTimy, Me^y thm HarAa 
HHJe 6ho .decsoBai^ r^b6o^HAa, hhth je r^btfo^Hi^a 6HJia Ae- 
CROBaK. KnerHfta Mn^iHiia BepoBaTHO 6h nos^OHH^a Ror ^o- 
BeRa ManacTHpy h us HBma, bjih HHJe AOSBoybanao BajasHT, 
jep je OH OBAa BJiaAao Hhhiom ao MopaBe. Ha cy TypijH ocbo- 
jh;ih h AecROBaif, h RaRO bh je 6h;io mhao hito cy ra ocbojh;ih, 
OHH cy ra sanHca^H h qaR na CBOJoj HanH, o ^eiy ce H0»e 
«-.BaRH yBepHTH, TRO ysMO Rft. d' Oksza : Histoire de Tempire 
ottoman depuis sa foudation jusqu'a la prise de Constan- 
tinople (1871.), TAO he Ha acropHJcROJ Mans (hoa IV) mi- 
peH>a ocHaHCRe i^apeBHne bhaoth ^eno naiipTaHa OROJina ^e- 



C) Ansbert pag. 20. 
(*) MupocwiaB. 

(') npeAe.in HuniKe o6wiacTii, r^e cna4a u ^ecKoeaq ca cbojqm 
deuAunneu. 



HEMAH>UHA T^BBO^HUA 207 

CEOBaqsa 6pAa rpAe;iH^Ra, Kaso h3 h>hx npoAnpe p. Mopasa, 
a Ha MecTj A^Hamfter AecKOBAa ctojh Hanflcano: Lesco- 
witza. Mhofo naK ARJhe, hbh Hsa Bpaae, y boaomb^h Bap- 
Aapa, y npaBiiy k CfionAy, ctojh na loj TypcKOJ ManH nanHcaHO 
HMO xecia: Oroublian, mro ke BajbAA sflaqHTH TAhiomnnA. 

Mhc^ihh jih be 6bth Aocxa h OBa xpn Aosasa, a^ ce 
Taso AecKOBaif SBao 3a Bpene HeHaH>e, na ce TaKo SBao 
H sa BpeMe BJiaAe JeBrennje Rajiy^epHi^e ; hcto ce xaso SBao 
KaA cy ra ocbojhjih TypAH, na je noA TypAHMa CBoje HMe 
o^ysao H onex qiicx h qeJiH^an, sao ona tfpAa oko^o H>era 
npHApysHo ce CBojoj 6pakH h RpaibeBHHH Gp^HJH. 

CaA Aa npe^eMO na cBeAoijdy EexaH^HLeBy. 

II. 

nexaH^Ht (*) Bpjio Ao6po ynytyje, tab je T^iitfowita 
OHora, EOJH HHJe ynaupeA, OApeAHO HeMaftHne rpanHite, 
HexaH^Ht ynyLyje Yrpe y TypcKy, na Ka»e, Aa xpe6a BOJcKa 
AH npe^e Ays^BO koa BeorpaAa. Oa BeorpaAa k D^apHrpaAy 
BOAe ABa nyxa: 

JeAan HHsAynaBO HaroAOMHH, BpannqeBo, PecaBy, Hflm, 
Djpox, CooHjy HXA. (KyA je nporaao h $pHApHX Bapdapyca). 

ApyrH nyx boah oa BeorpaAa npeKO lEyMaAHje na 
KpymeBaA, K o c o b o, KaqannK ('), Ceohab, 'BycxenAHJi hxa. 
(Obhh nyxei H3 saHsa HepoAH]Li>a Hmao je AeqancEH iipo- 
xHBy Aapa MHxaHJia dyrapcEora). 

r. HoBaEOBah OBaso HaBOAH obo Hecxo h3 EH>Hre Ile- 
xaHwfeeBe : OnncyjyliH oBaj Apyrn nyx (na KpyraeBait h Ko- 
coBo) roBopH, EaKO ^FacAHaHH, npBH obb EpaHne 
napoAH, AMBAH H paxo6opHH na OHOJ cxpaHH 



(*) ^eTonuc sa 1847 roA. 4» 31., y roABm&HixH, kh>. I cxp. 

185 de itineribus in Turciam libellus .... 

(% KaqauuK je HeMaibHH «KoCfH^h». 



208 hemahjHha r.ibBOHiiUA 

KHBe, KOJaHaAp«*By, CaByH4.yflaB peKerjieAH^ 
— Ha Apyroj uaR cxpaHH, Roja ce r /l,apAaHHMa 
MateAOHi^HMa n TpH6aJiEMa(') ORpebe, sebb Gp- 
tfHJaei^H, HapoA hhtomhjh h 6jiasH, 36or Tora^ 
niTO BHffle Ha jyry CToje h MHoatuHy. nyTyjyhHX 
TproBaita HMajy. KaA ce laRO (5pAa npe^y HAytn 
CROHAy H 'BycreHAw^y), c^eAyje paBHHiia /I.y6oTHita 
rycTO HacojbeHa. A;ih cnycTHBrnn ce Majio Ha jibbo nyxei (rAe?); 
ROJH R BejiHROM cejiHHiTy IIpoRynHJa h Hnoiy boah, Ha Aa- 
;ieRO OTBapa ce AOJinna EocoBHiia (') ca peRoi ^atfoM Rpon 
cpeAy «CTe leRyfeHi, npyaiajyt^ ce ao npocTpaRejmer noj^a 
KocoBa.* A^KJie HAyfcn lajio nyiOM, rojh boah r IIpoRynJty 
H HHHiy Haciaje KocoBHita h p. Jla6 npyaa ce Ta ^AOJiHHa" 
Aa6cRa EocoBHAa ao npocraHora KocoBa. Obab, AaR^e, ne 
M03Re 6hth hh pe^H o Tjibdo^HitH npeiia HHmy h IIpoRynAy, 
ne^y THM r. HoBaROBHb npaBH oBanaB saRjbyqaR: „J\,^KAe 
nexanqaiieBoj AyCoTimn rpaHMiie Kocobo h IIpoRynAe c Hh- 
meM ynpaBO nojiasy MecTO ohab, tab cbh ocra.iH snauH 
ciaBAajy /l,y6oqHAy HeMaBBny* (cxp. 185 h 186). Ho na- 
mei paayMcBafty oBora lecxa, cbb raxo 6h ce mofjio peta, 
6vLA0 6h obo: /l,y6oxHAa rpauH^H c o6jiamtiy rocobcrom, 
a^u HHRaRo ca hhhirom h npoRyna^ROM, jep nexaH^L 
caMO CHOMHtte nyx, rojh oa KocoBHi^e x. j. oa -laCa boah 
y IIpoRynjibe u Hhhi, h BHme HHmxa. IIo xoMe, ne caMO Aa 
cbh ocxa^H sHaAH xy ho no^iaaiy Tjibtfo^Hity, net jom Be- 
;iHRH ^ecROBaii cai co6om npoxecxyje, a^ oh hbxh je 6ho, 
HHXH MHc^H (Jhxh /I,y<5oxH^a. Y cxBapH nexaHMfe Ao6po 
Raate: PacitHaHH atHBe y boaomo^h BOAa xenytHX y CaBy 
H AyH8.B, a OHaMo Ha ony cxpany, RyAa boao xeRy n p e m a 
AapAaHHJH H MafeeAOHBJH atHBe CpdnjaHitH. Kha 



{*) TpH6a.mja je npaeo cpue cpncKora napoAa. Cpeh. 
(*) TaKo 3BaH0 «Maao Kocobo. »> (^eh. 



HEMAH>HHA r.lBBO^HUA 209 

ce AftK^e npe^y (5pAa AynaBCKe BOAOMe^e, oHAa 
TeK CJBeAjje pasHHita AytfoiHiia. Ona je, A^KJie, HSBaH 
BOAOMe^e AynaBCKe. To SHaw, Aa no npoMsy AynaB- 
CKe BOAOMe^e nyxeH npeno EocoBa npe^y ce 6pAa YfikNUie 
rof^u C) npena CKonAy, y ^paB^y ^ycienAH^y h xy h jecie 
^paBHHHa /l.y6oTHna." 

y rpaHHi^aMa xe, BeoMa BOJiHRe paBHHHe /l,y6oTHiie h 
HajiasH ce syna TjiBdo^BAa. Ha KaRBOM ocHOBy? 

Ha ocHOBy AapoBHe noBej>e ^monaxn Gyi'^NNie'', Roja 
Kame, Aa je noR^iOHHiia cb. EaHTejieHMOHy OBa ce^ia y Tjib- 
Oo^hah: MfipomeBiie, Bafty, ao p. CyfflHAe, ToBpAani^e h 
y Bje;iHAH ce.io T|aniiboy BHme Ao<JpaB>e. 

na TAe cy xa ce^a? 

KaA ce no^e h3 Bpaae nyxen, rojh boah npeRO Ky- 
naHOBa y CRonAe, no npeJiacRy name rpannue 6AH3y Byja- 
HOBAa, Ma^o AaJbe y AecHO je rpaAnnixe HpemeBo (HprneBO 
Ha Mann), xAe ceA^ 6HBmii Bpa&CRH RaJHaRaM, a Aa^e y bo- 
AOMe^H (c AecHe cxpane) p. BapAapa jecxe BHAa^-xan, a 
ce^o je Bniba^ na ;ieBOJ cxpaHH. Bn^ba^ h jecxe BtANi|A h 
y EtiiNi|N ce;io TfMiHaiiiy BHme Ao($paibe. Epeia TpsaBn je, 
na AecHoj cxpann nyxa ce;io CyniHita (na Mann SuCevo), a 
npeRO xora cejia xe^e pe^HAa Cymnua h yxnqe y p. To^ieny, 
a PoJieMa onex yxnqe y p. HniHiby. To h jecxe : ao peRe C»- 
uiHi|e H AO paAOHHHCRe Me^e. Bniba naR je c Aecne cxpane 
cxpane nyxa, na Mann Vinice, a na KonepxoBoj Mann Ma^o 
noAaAe Vinjiza, ao cymn^Rc Me^e, a xo je : h ce;io BNNbA 
ca MexoxoM, Me^aMa n 3a(Je;ioM ao p. Cymime. Y A^cno naR 
H3HaA p. JlnnoBRe eno ra na o6e Mane ce;io MH|ioui6Bkq6y 
a xo je OHO y nonejbH ce^io: MNpoui6Biii|ii c MexoxoM h e 
Me^aHa. /I^anamfte naR ce;io Hotljla, xo je cxapHHCRO „Vo' 



(*) Tac je y 4680 6aui Ha MopaBu casHAaH, qHTaB KoHHyacKH 
iiaHacTHp. 

rjACHUK LXX ^ '♦ 



210 H E M A H» U H A TdBBO^HUA 

pHHO." CyAeliH no mgctj, Mopaio pefen Aa je ToBp^aHue 
caAafflfte cejio ^^einpite*', a Aanamfte MnpaTOBiie to je era- 
pnHCBO ce;io CeAJiapi^e. Y cpeAHHH thx ce;ia HaJiasH ce 
TAbCOKNAOA. Aaiw^ J6 ^JlI>6ow^a(') y cieiiHinTy p. To- 
vieie, ^HflOBKe h KopotfujanKe. 3a BHity iipHnoBeAajy ce- 
jtaitH, Aa je 6HJia BaaHita one DiapHi5e, ^Hj je rpo6 y ^p- 
SBH CB. BoropoAHiJie. 

KaRO ce VAh6omiLHh rpaHHqHJia c 6ainTHH0M ceBacroKpa- 
Topa A^JaHa, bojh je CBOjy 6amTHHy upu;iosHo iJipBBH j 
ApxHjbeBHi^H, fi>eroBa ce damxnHa AOTBi^ajia ao r.ik6oqHiie h 
Ao AapH^HHora ManacTHpa cb. fioropoAHi^e, na 3a to /[jmsLR 
y noBejbH h cnoMH&e nesa cejia, Boja ce rpaHnqsjia ca Tjib- 
fioiHAOM na np. PyHSBop, Py^HHAe(*) h t. a. A „yTeca- 
Bajyhn'' rpaHHAe AejanoBe tiamTHne, Rase: .npeio y 
ro^Y B^>u>^ Mure A oy YpbNN Efkxk h t. a- V I|a|int«ho... 

NA rAkSOKMAOab.'' 

3aMaR Maxeja h ^HxaBa fteroBa OROJiHJa SBa.ia ce „Il,a- 
pH^HHO.'' Ha jeAan uymRoneT oa sauRa MaTeja, OHaiio npeiia 
AapAaHMJH, TAe „mHBe CpCHJanitH* Te^e p. Usundcha, 
a H3HaA H>e je y hoahbh U^pne Tope 6aTaJi 3aMaR h npsBa 
CB. BoropoAHDie, a to je OpfiHHHLa una villa, y romo je 
TRWBViASL iiapHAa Jejiesa h npoBOJia noTOH>e Aase cBora sn- 
BOTa. JyTpoM H Be^epoM oaa je rjieAajia na pajcRy AO^HHy 
r^iLdo^HAy. ynyxpa y bcjihroj iipRBH noA MepMepBOM n;io- 
qoM no'iHBa ftesHB npax, tao je capaftena nooae Tporo- 
AHBifte aia^iocTH 3a chboh. 

IIpeA JieBHM ojixapoM, jep hx HMa TpH, Te BOJiH^aH- 
cTBese H rpaflAHOsne neTORytfae ApRBe, a^^^ ^ rpotfBHAa 
H cnoMGBHR BOApyjKHja „AOCTOBepBora, yroAHora h Ay6H- 



(') Mnpouieumi, TpnaBa, Hiiibima h TpHaua Mory ce bua6th ua 
KiinepTOBOj Mann oa 1870 r. MnpooieBmi, TpHasa, rikSOKllAOI . Cy- 
luHua H T. A. Mory ce BUjieTii ua Mann aycxp. renep. mxaCa. 

(*) Mon. Serb. cxp. 14 3. 14 4. 



HEMAHjHHA r.lBBOMIIUA 211 

Mora BJiacxejiHHa ijapa Ypoma BacexeC), a Ha KapHHsy 
ynaoKOJio nHine, KaKO can ja can jih^ho npo^RTao 1873 r. 
aBrycia 23, obo: ^CBoeuOY noA(MivsNio B^iceTk.'' 

22 anpHJia 1884 r. 

JI. CpETxKOBH'R. 



p. S. IIpeMa OBOMe naAa npMMeA(5a r. K. Hpe^eKa, y 
KitH3E: HepHOAHqecKO cnncaHne Ha ({•LJirapcKOxo khh«obho 
^pyniTBo BT) CptAeii'b. T. 1883, Ka. IV, cxp. 72, noA 1) tao 
ce no3HBJBe 3a rjiy(5o^Hiiy na r. HoBaKOBeta. 

Ja caM npo^Hxao n p e Mfteae r. Jacxpe6oBa o Tjib^o- 
mn^Hj Hero Am can o xoie HspeKao cBoje Mfteae, KaKo ce 
BHAH H3 AaxyMa. 



TjiacHUK XXIY cxp. 273:.. H ov TAkBOYNqH C€ao 

Mn^IU6IM|H € UCTOXOMk tft € tf 6rSIMN ; H €€A0 BHNNbA C 

ueroxOMk n c mciiimn h i^ABftAOUb, H uern ^^abiias tomh: 
Ao ^K€ CraiHi|e H AO paaonhnckc uerie; n €6ao Tosfb- 
AKiNi|H c ueroxoMk N € McrniiH. H 6i|ie ccao » C % a h i| h 

T^NABA BHUI6 jJ^OBfANIC, €k BkCftMk MeXOXOMk H MBrilUH, 
H nfABHNAMN C6AA TOFAH. HfiCAkBANA BCftBO rOANl|l€ 00 
nCTk CkTk Kf8Ulkl|b COAH, U ABA YAOBftKA A^ €»n MONACTNf- 

CKA, jl^on BAAHUiBBNBk N Paua pAmKNKk; N oy r^AAOv 
Ctaaakio YAostBb Ctanbo ; N oy rf^AAS Kf»ai€Bki|H 

KVKH N YAOBtKk PAAOCAABk CurA^HNk, H Oy Tf^AAH €B. 

n^BonfA (IIpoKynjby) kbkh BAkKOTe BorAAUieBNBRi cb b^ 



(*) Mon. Serb. 156. 



212 H E M A Ii> H H A TAhBOmUnk 

COMk IAl|INllOMk N ASA TAOKftKA PAAOCAABk M Aoi#OUH^ 
M BMNOrpAAb; N Oy Aft€KOKI|V KHKH M aba TAOItKA Ko- 
CTAAMNk H jl^pASHN; H Of NoBOUk SfAY >^l^ MAfTCSA 
BfMie H T. A. 

EaA ce a^kjib y jgahom SBaHH^HOM aRTy oa 1395 r. 
cnoMHfte sa ce6e rAksoni|Ay a 8a ce6e AtcioBAim snaR je, 
Aa cy TO ABa MocTa. Hsje HHrAa AecKOBaii 6ho Tjib^o^hi^, 
HHTH je BejiHi^a oho mio FjiB^oqEua: to cy abb 3a9e6H6 
aiyuaHHJe ajib noRpajiHe, a AecROBai^ je, bmah ce, oa bhx 
yAa^eH. 



BHTOC/IABA H E0HMHJA. 



BHTOCcTiaBa. 

HaA rpo6oM BHTOCJiaBe, y xpaiiy HaHAOEpaTopoBy — 
^.B'^aHHMa npoJiHEene cy cyse ipH HajsHaqaJHHJe epncRe BJia- 
crejiCKe nopoAHiie: HenaAHla, OjiEBepata h Bpan- 
BOBHha. Jom je SHaqaJHHje to, Aaje BflTOc;iaBa ocraBHJia 
OBaj CBST, KaA je yr;ieAa;ia, a^ je bs ftesHHe yxpo^e HSHHJieo 
fla cBeT BOCOBCBH HSAaJHHK — Bys BpaHEOBlb. 

y Hamoj HCTopHJH jom B^iaAajy Hecar;iaeHa MH>efi>a o 
OBHM SHaMeHHTBM nopoAHi^aMa, Koje cy nrpajie HaJBa»iHBJe 
yjiore npB nponaAafty cpncBora iiapcTBa. HaTiifle rpo6a Bb- 
TocjiaBBBor HOse pemHTB nBTaH>e o nopeBJiy spa^a ByKa- 
iDBfla B BeroBora 6paTa yrAerae — JoBaaa. 

/I,a BcnBxaHO cpoACTBo h epoABBKe BBxocjiaBHfle, na 
ie OBB RaaaTB H»eBo ^sBXBje'', a oaa tie onex npsnoHoliB 
Aa ce spoHa^e ftsaa HCxopHJa. Joabo ce caMO saxxeBa, a^ 
<5yABje OA(Jaiie oa ce6e CBaKO npoAytJei^eRe, na xjiaABO h 
jtBpflo A& caMymajy CBOAOBe b oi^eae fi>HBe AOKyieBTe. 

I. 

HaArpo^BH saxuBc BaxocjiaBBB nojaBBO ce ne^axaa 
BpBM nyx y ,4ie^aBCK0M EpBeaay.* H3 HpaeBaa je npe- 
BOTOxaB y Monumenta Serbica MBEAooiHta Ba cxp. 184. 
EaA can 6bo y AeqaBBia 1873 roABfle, ja can npenBcao 



214 BUTOC.IABA H E*UMHJA 

Taj HaxiiHc H Hamao, Aa je KaKO y ^IIpBeHuy", laKo h y 
Monumenta Serbica uorpeniHO iipenHcaea h HaneqaTana ro- 
AiiHa BHTOc^asBHe CMpxH, Ha hmb ja cai npo^Biao C) fS&Hm 
T. j. 6852 T. j. 1344 a y Mom. Ser. ctojh s<onB t. j. 
6882, a TO je 1374 r. — XaJAe Aa bhahmo, Mo»e am 
o6cTaTH OBa 1374 r.? 

y HaiDHcy CTOJH, Aa je y rpo6y capaftena: „Bhto- 
cjiasa, Aki|iN yrjbeme NcNAAHKny cecTpH^na Ojuisepa 
Aecnoxa, a sena BpaHKOsa.'' 

Ty cy Hiena xpnjy najsHaxHHJHx Bjiaci'ejiHHa OHAam* 
H»era Bpeiena : YrAeiDe, OjiHBepa h Bpanica, poAOHaqeJiHHKa 
Rytie BpaHROBHtia x. j. cecxpa OjiHBepoBa 6H^a je jAara 
3a YrAemoM h poAMiia BHXocJiaBy, Koja ce onex yAa-ia aa 
BpaHKa. yrjteraa je, AaRJie, xacx BpanKOB. 

KaKO ce BHXOMaBa OApeoa cBora cpoACxsa h ,npH;ie- 
nH;ia Mysy", xo teno h no^exH hcdhxcm fteaHHor aiHBOTa, 
Ha HMO, KaA ce poAH^a. KaAa ce yAaJia, eo;ihko je CHHOBa 
HMajia. MopaHO no^exH oa oanaxa nosHaxHX^ ua Le Has 
nocxaxH jacHO h oho, mxo je nenosnaxo. 

tiopTk GHeAepeBai^, chh BpaHEOB, npeiiHHyo je 1456 
r. H xaAa My 6hjio 92 roAHne, mxo snaiH, Aa ce poAHo 
1364 r. KaA ce Tiofrb poAHO, fteroBOM je oiiy ByKy (BakKv) 
6h;io y HaJMaay pyKy 26 roAHHa, jep je Fioprk Hiao joni 
ABa cxapHJa 6paxa. To 6h Bna^H^io Aa ce ByK poAHO 133& 
roAHHe. Ho, ysMHMo Aa je ByKy 6iiA0 20 roAHHa, KaA My 
ce poAHo fiofrk, mxo 6h xor xaRO mofjio 6hxh, aRO ce 
BAkKk osoHHO OA 16 roAHHa, a obo 6h snaqajio, Aa je 
H>eroB nopol^aj Bnxoc^aBa n;iaxH;ia oaBOM, jep OHAa HSJiasa 
Aa je po^eH 1344 r. ByKOBoj MajijH BflxocjiaBH Morjio je 
6hxh HaJMaae 20 roAflHa RaA je poAHJia ByRa, a xo anaqH 
Aa je OHa poi^ena 1324 roAHHe. Aro ce yAa^ia oa 16 roA» 



(') S<DNK T. j. (?852. 



BHTOC.IABA U E<I»HMIIJA 215 

oHAa ce OHa Mopa^a yAaiH 1340 voa. ftesiiH onei oxait 
YrAeraa, peiiaMo, ^a My je BnioMaBa 6H;ia npBO Aexe, mo- 
pao je OA H>e 6mth cxapHJH 3a 20 roAana, a to te ana- 
^HTH, Aa je YrAeina po^en 1304 r., oaenuo ce oeo 1324 
r. H Befc yAao CBojy Ktep BHTowaBy 1338 hah naJAaAe 
1340 roA. 

H TaKO npocTHM pa^ynaaeM AO^asHMo ao nosHxnBHHX 
Aaia, a Aa je obo name pa^ynafte, oahocho, Haj6;iKme hcthhk 
MB fceMo ce iiosBaiH aa cBeA0ij6y ijapa, kojh BHJe HHrAa 
-larao, hhth ce ynpaBjtao no CMHinjteBOM n^iaBy, nero je 
paAHo no ocekaay, na cy My paAOBH h 6hjih pl)aBH. To je 
Ypoffl i^ap II. Ebo mxa on bbjih: ^Obc 1365 (*) roAHne, 
11 Mapxa", a xo je Apyror Aana no MjiaAeei^HMa, 3a BpeMe 
BeJiHRor nocxa „K€C€A€qiH un ce c npeBa3.i>y6jbeBHM Bjia- 
cxeJiHMa II BJiacxejiBH^HtiuMa Moje i^apeBune h o^Aapyjyhn 
6e3npecxaBBO qacxBHM AapoBHMa AO^e MOMe iiapcxBy CTA|iu|k 
H3 CBOxe Tope, PoMan, chb ceBacxoKpaxopa BpanKa, na mh 
pe^e, Aa ce ob BAoroBopno ca cbojom (!paliOM TpkrHfcouk n 
BAkKOUb, mxa h saso Aa npH^ioase oa CBoje 6anixHBe upKBH 
XH^ieBAapcKoj, Exo 36or qera caM My Aao OBy noBejty n 

^IRNCA U8 l|ApkCTBO MH l|pfcKKk SAI|INN» CBSTHro AfXAIireAA 

c fpeuM C6AHN: TpcxeBBK, Be»iaHBtie h Tymnjio mxo 
je Aa^o SUAO i|kpcTKO mh cenacxoBpaxopy Bpansy c XyAH- 
naMa, <d-T€CA lecn sHnie of EBmpe nostrAk.'' Obo je 

je iiapcKO nncMO ^nptpv^HAi' y UpHmxHBU ^loroxex ^eiiHb, 
11. Mapxa, 1365 roA. A^BJie nopeA ijapcKe CBeA0ij6e HMaMO 
jom 3a CBCAOKa ^apeB0^a xe^y A^j^^a — oija KoBcxan- 

XBBOBa. 

Peq ^CTApbqii'' OBAe BBa^H, AyxoBBHK, oxaA, Ka;iyi>ep. 
KaA je BajcxapHJn chh BpanKOB, PoMaa, roA. 1365 

Bet 6hO AyXOBBHK CBeXOXOpCBH, H KaA ce ^3AOrOBOpH0* 



(*) Mon. Serb. cxp. 171. 



216 BHTOCwlABA U E<1>HMUJA 

c 6paT0M TprypoM h ByROM, SHaR je, a& cy iberoBa 6pafca 
6hjih Bell 3pe;iH homi^h b y roABBaxa, na c Tora Ha cnrypHO 
H0JR6M0 pebH, Aa je FoMany 6hjio y HaJMaH»y pyRy 26 roAHHa, 
roABHe RaA ce OAysxy oa 1365, isjiasH, Aa je oh po^H 
Roje 1340 roAHHe. Ppryp je po^en org 1342 aByR je pol^H 
1344 H Ha nopobajy yiipM t. j. OTHmAa Ha onaj cbct E^aAa 
H ae^iena. Obo AORaayje mccto tah je capattena, AORasyje 
OHa ABBHa MepMepHa noRpHBHHiia, a AORasyje h to, hito je 
on;iaRyje oiai^, yjaR h nyaa, a o AeilH neMa hh cnoMena, 
jep cy 6H;ia li cyBBme MaJiena. FoManoBa iiaTH lopajia je 
611TH npe CHHa na 17 roAHHa pol^ena, a to ana^H, a& j^ 
Ofla po^ena 1323 roAHne. H>e3HH oneT orait yrjbenia Mopao 
je npe CBOJe RhepH BnTOCJiaBe na 20 roAHua (Jbth po^en 
a TO 3HaqH, A& je yr^ema HenaABRb po^en 1303 roAHHe. 
IIpeMa OBOMO je Mopao 6hth nemTo Majio CTapHJn OTaii Span- 
ROB, M^aAeH, ROJH je Bet (5ho BOJBOAa 1318 roAHHe. J 
HeROAURo cy, A^KJie, BpniH>aiiH: Yrj^enia h MjiaAen, a TaKo 
cy HCTo Bpmftai^H v H»HHa Aeiia BpaHRo h BHTOCJiaBa. 

BHTocjiaBa je ^cecTpnqHHa* „AecTa" OAHBepoBa, 
a TO snaqH Aa je cecTpa AecnoTa JoBana OAHBepa dnjia yAara 
3a yrjberay oro 1324 roAHne. HeRa joj je 6hjio RaA ce 
yAajia 17 roAMHa, sHaw Aa je poi^eHa 1306 roAHHe. Kea 
Mfl OBO 3HaM0, OHAa cne^LO tbpabmo, Aa HieHHiia .OjiHBep'' 
RaA ce npHJia»e no3HaTOM A^cnoTy JoBany OjiHBepy cyBpe- 
MeHHRy ^ymaHOBy, ne 03HaqaBa h y e, Hero n p e 3 h m e. H^emy 
je 6h;io Hue JoBan AecnoT 04HBep(Bt). EaA je cecTpa Jo- 
BaHOBa yAaTa 3a Yrj^emy, po^ena 1306 roABHe: OHAa je 
JoBaH Mopao ($BTH OA cecTpe CTapaJB bjih MJia^H. IIo Hamex 
Mtteay, oh je 6ho iJiai^H, jep ce y rpa^aHH^ROJ noaeAH oa 
1314 roABHe Be;LH obo: „A ce i|io coy rpnAbTAiiftiNi a>Ab 

HfftNH &J^k (i>AHK€p(l(^).'' ObBJ, AaRJie, MHJiyTHHOB OjiHBep 



(*) Mon. Serb. cxp. 563. 



BUT0C.1ABAIIE4>I1MHJA 217 

Be;iHKn 6amTHHap u jeere oiaii ^Aecnoxa JoBana O^iHsepHha 
H AecnoTOBe cecrpe, a MaJKe BaTocjiaBrae, jAaie aa JvMmy 
HenaAHtia, na cy npeia obomo y nesojiHRo Bpm&aiiH: 

Heu&A (BOJBOAa) Oiueep MjaACH Kpaj> MiiayTHH 

I I I 4eqaHCKii 

yr^ema 4ecnoT Joeau (HaaH) .^ ' h 

^ BpaHKO 

* ~ - - " * OwiHuepuh M cecTpa . 4ymaH 

BHTocjiaaal 



PoMaH, TDprb, B.ibKb — Vpom 

Ma AB, OB 46 He MoiRe 6hth MaTeMaxH^se TaqnocTH, 
onex jeAHOMe nojacy npHoaAajy naRO yrj^ema HeflaAOB, xaKO 
H JoBaH O^HBepoB. JoBan je 7rji>emH mypas, a yr^cma je 
fteiy sex. ByKy BpaHROBHhy Yr^'bemBliH cy yjauH, a Yrjbema 
BM je A^A^ H A^cnox JoBan O^iHBep. 

CaAa Hacxaje naxaifce: ro je xo OBaj YrAeraa? Ko cy 
<^y AOKHHJH Yrj^eme juah yribemnhH? 

Haxuflc A^ rpo6y EnxocjiaBiiHOM jacHO Rase, Aa je 
OHa 6HJia Rliep yribernHna, a yr^ema je 6ho chb HenaAOB. 
XajiRoxoHAHJio Be;iH, a& cy yrjbema h ByRamiH 6patia. Obo 
CBe MOjRe ($HXH npeMa npHpoAHnx saROHBia qoee^fljer irh- 
Boxa, jep, RaRO cxo BHAejiH, yrjbenia je vopao 6hxh po^en 
HSMe^y 1303 h 1306 roAHHe. AaRjie, RaAa je norHHyo na 
MapHiilB Morao je miaxH HaJMaii»e 65, a HaJBHme 68 roAHHa; 
ByRamHH naR aRO je 6mo cxapHJH — Hiiao je BHme; aRO 
Jill je 6H0 Mjia^ — BMao je Ma&e roAKna. OBe ce H>HHe 
roAHHe noAyA^psjy c roAHHaiia /i,ymaHOBHM. /I,a 6ojbe obo 
uHxafte pascBex^LHMo. 

MaBpoopdHHH, iiOA HaACJ&OBOn: Yucascino et Ugglie- 
scia gentirhuomini di Chelmo, BejiH, a* cy no capxH 
HMnepaxopa /l,ynTaHa, rojh je BeoMa pano — y CBOjoj 46 
roAHHH yipo, ocxajiM Kao r^aBHH Be^HROAOcxojaHcxBeHHiiH 
^Aecnox'' (despot) BAkKAUHN u yrj>eina H>eroB 6pax (1356 



218 



BUTOC.IABA 11 E4>UMI1JA 



ro^HHe). Ohh cy AaK-^e, no MaBpoop6HHy(') h3 XyMa. Xa.t- 
KOxoHAHJio BeJiH, ^a cy ohh dpata h jia je koa Aapa /l.y- 
raaHa „,\eciUOT*' ByEamHH 6ho itapeB Be^HKH Mapraaji (itJty- 
^ap) H HHHHCxap ABOpa, a yrji>6ina 6ho rjiasHH KOH>ymap 
T. j. 3aiioBeAHHK ^apeBe rap^e h KOftHraxBa. Ha rpo6y Bh- 
TOMaBHHOM CTOJM, ^a je ona Kfcep Jvjbeme HeHaAHta. To- 
AHHe 1349, Mapxa Mece^a npeAaia je Ay^^P^BaqKoie Betiy 
noBBAa /[.ymaHOBa npeso PaJKa(') hominem Voyrode Tri- 
bigne h Chanalis-a Nenade t. j. opeKO PaJKa, ^OBeKa Boj- 
BOAe Tpe6MH>cKor h KonaBACKor HenaAa. /l,aE;ie je oxaii YxAe- 
IDHH HenaA (no srulb jom 1349 r. H>eroBH cy chhobh 6hjih 
KOA Aapa /l,yraaHa: ByKaraHH h yrjberaa. Obo xBpAe 
pc^H noBeJK>e /l,yniaHOBe : ^.cTh xpncoBVA nmk BvKAuiNNk \nH- 

CAXky N AAXk KAACfeaOUb fCTHK) N I^AnOIGANIO rOCflOANU 

i|(i^ Ctc^na"" roAHHe 1351 0. TpaBynnja je Bet 6h-ir 
npeoKpenyxa y XyM MHoro iipe OBora BpeaieHa, sa xo h BejiH 
MaBpoop6nHH, Aa cy ohh 6hjih h3 XyMa, a h>hh je oxaq 
HenaA 6ho BoJBOAa Tpe^Haa h KoHaBAa, na je Mopao Ha 
CKopo nocjie oBora h yMpexH, jep je Befc 6£0 ^obbk cxap. 
Ofiaj BOJBOAa HenaA 6ho je BpniH>aK Cxe4»aHa ^i^qancKora, 
a oateHHO ce oko 1302 hjip 1303 roA. H xaKo je ByEa- 
fflHH poljen OKO 1304, a yxAema je 6ho MJia^n oa Bysa- 
mima. Ohh AaR^ie h jecy chhobh HenaAa BojBOAe xpe6HH>- 
CEor H KonaBACKor. 

HMaHO A^ KaEBHX roA noAaxasa, no KOJHMa 6h mofjih 
narai^axH, Eora cy nopesjia ohh 6hjih? 

7 nmnncfiOM noHenHKy niiaMO sa^e^e^seno obo: 
BuNOBHib: (^ABA bosTa CxcnAHA. 7 HyUHlieBOll 
H3AaH>y Ay(ipoBa^se apxHBe nMaMo 3a(!e;ie«eno obo Hie: 

(*) Pag. 268. 

{'^) Oaaj ce hctu PajKO cnoMHibe h 1326 roAHHe a'lOBeK eoj- 
BOAe Tpe6HH>CKor u KOuaBj>cKor>' HeuaAa. 

(^: U aKO je oea noBej»a noAMexyja, OHa unan npunaAa apc- 
Mcay, i;aA cy mcth AyAu HtHBe.iH. 



B U T O C .1 A B A tl E <1> II M tl J A 219 

„Stephanus Dragowich nuncius regi Milutini t. j. CTeB4>aH 
AparoB noMaHHE Bpajta MnjiyTHHa, a obo je (5ho /l,paro- 
mes CHE, na je H>6roBa Rbep 6vlm y^axa 3a HlMinHaHa 
BHAHHCKor, Baca^ia MH^yTHna KpaAa. OBaj CxenaH BepoBaTHO 
je H 6ho oiaii HeHa^a BOJBOAe xpe^HftCKora, jep y nraHHCKOM 
noMeHHKy npena H>HMa h cHUOBnMa ^bojboao^ ctojh 3anH- 
cano: j»OAV(^a ko€BOA9 baw...* a to fce h 6hth noBHaxH 
Be^iayp Cpax Maxan^ia IIlHfflMaHHka. Ha npeKO xora cpoA- 
cxBa HeHaAfliiH h cxoje y cpoACXBy ca 6;irapcBHM BJiaAa;iaq- 
RHM AOMOM. y Hcxo Bpeie, OHH cy 6hjih y He^eiy cpoAHHiiH 
no aeiicKOJ jihhhjh ca BpaxEOM, na cy h 6h;ih cpoAHHi^H h 
/l,yniaHy. Ho xoMe xaKo 6p30 n AO^njajy Be^iHKa 3BaH»a. 
ITpeHa cnoMeHHiiHHa Roje nMaio, obo je caMo Hara^aH>e o 
H>nHOH SHaxHOM nopeoy, a^iH ce mh MopaMo BOBpaxHXH na 
nHxaae na rhho noroMCXBO. 

IIhci^h rpiKH Be;ie, a^ cy ByKoraHH h YrAeraa 6pafca. 
KaA cy OHH 6palia, 3a nixo ce ohh h>hhh ^oxoM^H, kojh bm\- 
Aajy IIoMopaBJteM, HasHBJty yrjberae, a ohh, kojh BJiaAajy 
UoBapAapjeM oiiax ce nasHBAy „KpaJbeBHliH" hjih j^MpRane"? 
3a nixo hm aoiihhjh hhcuh npHAOAajy jom h xpefc3ra 6paxa 
ToJKa? KaA je YrAema 6pax ByKaniHHOB, Kao mxo BeJiH 
XajiKoxonAH^o, sa nixo ce ce ByKaniHH 30Be MpaaBa, a 
OBH y IIoMopaBjby ee BaBHBjby ce MpH>aBaMa? JeAHO hjih 
Apyro X. j. HjiH cy ohh HenaABtiH hjih Mpaane, na OAwen 
AO^iasH xo, A& ce ohh ne npe3HBJi>y jeAHHM npe3HMeH0H? 
TpoHomait ne^iH, a^ cy ohh hs Mecxa MpH>aEa, Eoje Ham 
HHJe nosHaxo, na xo H3Benilie h cHaxpaiio sa HSMnnubo- 
THHy. no HapoAReM onex npnqafty, 6H;ia je yAaxa sa Mp- 
H>aBy — oiia ByRamHBOBa h yrjbemHHa^ noKaKBa A^BoJRa 
H3 AMacxHJe HeMafta, rpy(5a, na Aa cy ohh xaRo AO(5po h 
6h;ih npHMAenn roa ABopa itapeBor('). HaxnHC rpo6a Bh- 



(*) Obo npe4aH>e o»iyBawio ce koa aaMKa Bopqa. 



^20 BHTOC-IABA M E4»HMHJA 

TOMaBHHa, Kao BepaH hctophjckh noAaTaK, jacHO tbpah, as, 
je yrAema chh bojboao Tpe(jHH>a h KoHaBJta, — He- 
HaAa('). Kao HecyiftHBO BepaH HCTopHJCEH noAaxaK, y Ilyiiiiiia 
AOEyieHTHMa, Mopaio cMaipaTfl h oeaj, kojh tbpah, a* je 
<5ho jeAan HeHaAHt Bpajan, kojh ce cnoMHfte 1369 r., a to 
SHaqn A^ J6 HenaA HMao jom CHHOBa ochm Yr^eme. Hame 
HapoAHe necMe BysamBHa, Jvjbemj h PoJEa ho Ha3HBji>e 
^patoM, Hero „ao xpH 6paTHJeHi^a.'' 36or CBera Tora, a na 
ocHOBy HaxflHca Ha rpo6y BeTOMaBe, Ha ocHOBy Ay<5poBaqBHX 
aKxa H Ha ocHOBy CBOAOiji^e MaBpoop(JHHOBe, Kao Bepno lo- 
seMO peLn caMo obo: 1) ByKaniBH, Yribenia h I'oJKo ($h4h 
€y H8 XyMa; 2) yrAema je chh bojboab xpe^HftCKora He- 
HHAa. 3) IIoxomcxbo OBora Yrj^eme HeBaAHtia, BJiaAa IIomo- 
paBjbeH Rao Hacji>6AH0M 6amxHH0M, a hoxohctbo ByKamHHOBo 
BJiaAa IIoBapAapjeH noA iipesBMeHOM j,KpajbeBHbH.* 

/l,ymaH HHJe Eorao a^xh seij^y ByKamany h yr^bemfl 
■OA Cepeaa ao Ay^aBa aa atHBoxa a e en ox a Joaana Ojih- 
Bepnba, o Koie neiaMO cBeA0u6e, Aa j© aiHseo Ayae oa 
1349 r. A^cnox JoBan 0;iHBepHii jeABa je ocxao albb aa 
BpeMO npBora noxoAa koa Cepeaa. Tok nocjie aeroBe cipxH 
Morao je ^al) AaxH aeroBy ^AecnoxoBHHy* ByKamHHy u 
yrAeniH. 

TeK nocjie daxKe na MapfliiH 1370 r. hoa^bhh ce Typ- 
i^HMa MapKO ^EpaibeBBli'', a A^janoBH cuhobh: Aparam h 
KoHCxanxHH ooxnaAHy hoa TypKe noc;ie paxa c TypiiHia 
1374 r. Cxe4>aH chh yrjteniHH HawbOAH o^nny AP«aBy koa 
Cepeaa, a IIoMopaB^eM aaa^iaAajy chhobh OAHBepoBH: Epaa- 
HHp H AaMftaH, Kao aaKOHHXH nacj^eAHHi^fl CBOje 
^o^eBHHe.** HapaBHO, Aa cy ^EpaAOBHtfl* h ^yrjteme* 
Ha h>hx ooAa^LH Kao na oxHH^ape, ne rjiOAotiH na xo, mxo 
^y BHHH o^eBH 6HJ1M oTMBMapH OjiHBepoBe A^cnoxoBHMe- Eto 



(') nyuuh II. 2 4. 



BUT0C4ABA H E<1>HMHJA 221 

3a niTO ce KpaiMHp n /l,aHH>aH qspcio ai^trq KHesa Aa3apa, 
eaJBelier npoTHBHHRa ByRamHBOBa ^EpaiseBHlia'' h ^Yrjbe- 
raHta.'' Ten noMe KocoBcKe norntfeje, rAe cy OjiHsepHliH 
H3rHHy;iH, 6oj ^Hjytn c Typ^BMa 3a oxaijdHHy, £ noMe Be- 
OMa Be;iHKe ycjiyre y^HBeae YrAeniHitoM ACcnoTy CxeBaBy 
AasapeBBby 1402 r., on (yr^EiemHi^a) „h OfNiCTk ^fiu^\[ 
OTkTkCKOY'' Bpafty, HnoroniTe h HpemeBo. 

3a BpeMe kocobckc 6HTKe yrjteraMB chb h;ih je 6ho 
BeyxpaJiaB Kao h ^Kpajb** MapKo ^KpajteBHt**, hjih je 6ho 
c TypiiMMa Eao A^JaHOBHtn, bojh cy lypcEy BOJCKy AO^e- 
Ra;iH, BaxpaflHJiB h cnH.6AeAE sanpoM; h;lh cy seKB aKTHBHO 
yqecTBOBrtjiH y 6op6H upoiHBy KHesa Aa3apa Kao khcs XaM3a 
— Cp^HH, H Kao fl AflApHJa ByKaniHBOB chh. 

noae OBora, ne ocxaje HHfflxa Apyro, aero Aa je Boj- 
BOAa Tpe6HH>a HenaA HMao naAHMaK ^MpftaBa**, a* je 3a 
H>HH (!H;ia HeKaBBa cpoAHHiia A^HacTflje Hevauba oa ByKa- 
BOBor noTOMCTBa, H Aft yrjteniH h ByKarauHy h HHJe 6ho 
po^eBH 6paT ToJKO, leniKo Aa cy h ohh 6hjih jeAHoyTpo(JBa 
6pata, Bero cy to 6hjih, Kao mio aapoA Be;iH: „ao xpn 
(5paxHjeB^a/ BoJBOAa xpe6HH>CKH, a oxaii yrAeniHK, 6E(h 
je »HB join 1348 r. raxo cBeAOW npcAaxo /l,y6poBqaBHMa 
HflCMO /l^ymaflOBO, HeaaAOii bojboaoh, iipeKO CBora qoBeKa 
PaJKa(*). Oko xora BpeMesa Mopao je HeaaA ynpexH, jcp 
ra ABijbe bo Ha^a3H]io, a BaJiasHMO ^AecDoxa"" JoBaBa(') 
yrjbemy.'' Hna H>eroBe noBejba MaflacxHpy Apxasrejia BHine 
latfpoBa y Kojoj ob Be^iH : „n nfunece mh i^AnNCANNie rji. 

^AHT€A^ UN K6CA(^A H RHA«Xk N OpOTTOXk l|10 ICCTk l^ARN- 



(*) Ilyu. . . . per Rayco hominem Nenade voyvodo Tribigne et 
Chanalis. 

(*) r,iacH. XXIV. cTp. 248 H 249 Ca cbum npaeHHHO Kame 
Pyeapau y FAacHMKy 47-om, Aa je usHaA o6e noBCAe HenpaBH.iHO 
CTEB^eHa roAHua 1 372, jep ce jacHO bhah no HHAHKXHOHy, Aa je to 
roAHHa 1369-Ta. 



222 BUTOC.IABA II E*HMHJA 

CAAk H N KeCApb BONXNA N HNH X^NCTOiUOSHKH 

ilpkKKH <dN0H2;H. .'^ Obuj j[,^KAe Yvjbemii Jobeh h jecxe otslh 
BHTocjiaBHH. OjiHBepoBa je cecxpa h ^hjie yAaia sa OBora 
Jvjb^my JoBana. Ona My poAHJia Ktep BmoMaBy. TpiBM 
naci^H H namy oBora YrAemy ^lodavvrjg OvyxXftrrigC) 
AecnoT. CpncBH ce on noinHcyje: ,JI^€cnou loANk YrAmeuia." 
Obo m jecxe Kao niTO bojih PyBapaij „CTapH yrjtema* Hc- 
NAANKk. OBa nHCMeea nki»(*) cBar^a osnaqaBajy CHHa, sao 
IBTO ce join H AO AaHamaera Aana o^yBa^a y Hamei jesHKy 
OBaKBa MpMa roBopa na np. opao — op;iiit t. j. Aexe op- 
jinBo; jiaB — MBHfc, MaAH ;iaB njin H>eroBO A«Te. KaA ce 
xobe A& osHaqH oaHEjinjapno upe3HMe, OEAa ce totobo CBarAa 
ynocH y npesHMO cjior „ob* na np. HpepaAOdHli, nna^e 6e3 
OBora 06, sHa^iuo 6e ab. je cnn HpepaAOB KaA <5h ce peMO 
HpepaAHt T. j. Ma;iH IIpepaA, a to je H»eroB cRH^flL; hjih 
fin CTaja;io neHenaAnl^M, nero HenaAO^HkH. Eto 3a niTo 
Be;iHMo, Aa je yrjBenia chh HenaAOB. Ka^ienAapcKO My je Me 
Jo Ban, a cpncKO yr^ema. ByKanmn je nocxao ^KpaA**, 
na ce aeroBO hotomctbo h npesHBa ^KpajteBaliH", a chhobh 
H yHyAH yrjteniMHH, oueT aaApate upesHMe oa yr^erae — 
yrJbemnliH t. j. yrAeraa Kao na np. HeMaaa n^in ByLa hta. 

II. 

Ho CBeA0i;i6H AyKapnja (*) Aecnoi JoBan yrjtema ocra- 
BHO je ApaeaBy cBOMe cnny CieBany, na je ^capaaenH y 
JBy(5ocTHH>H CreBan 6ho chh*" xeB OBora CxeBana cnna Jo- 
BanoBor. Oh je h noMorao ^A^cnoxy CxeBany'' AasapeBHky 
„Aa noxy^e TypKe**, na je nocjie n caM npntferao noA 
^Kpnjio GxeBanoBo,'' h ^.n^tieTk i^euiiio CBOJy oTkVk- 



(*) Mon. Serb. cxp. 178 h 179. 

(*) Obo Je AoGpo o6jacHHO r. AparaiueBiih. 

(') r^acH. 4 7 y uaBOjiy PyaapqeBOM. Ann. Ragus. pag. 6 3. 



BUTOC.IABA II E4>HMUJA 223 

CKOYio BpaH>y, ii HHoroniTe h IIpeineBo n oya|^»a, n 
suTb hko NftKoie k^hao X|^NCTHiiNOUk. "^ H>era Myca yHa;io 
niTO H«je yxBaxHO v BpaftH 1412 r. tab je ^npftSHSANNie' 
MMao, 11 OB je aanicao XnjieHAapy ce;io BpaBe(') 1422 r. 
HaBOAeta obb Heno^HiHo Bepne noAaTKe, PyBapa^ HnaB 
Be;iH „He ciei tbpahth, a^ je OBaj YrAema, 6ho chb a^- 
cnoTa JoBana Yrj^erae, jep ne snaM saEO Ly OHAa 
Aa u3JacHH« npHBeAene pe^H EoBcxaBTiiHa ^HJiocoo^a: n nftierk 

:;eMAIO CBOIO OTbYbCKOYlO Bf^ANIO H HNOrOUITV N llft- 

UI6K0 . . . Ta MecTa, — Be;iH ob — aecy y Cepeay, AP^asH 
Aecnoia yrjteioe, a ob je rocnoAapHo y cxpaBaiia seiAe 
.rpkviftCKUie. ..** „OBJejeAaHOAB;iacTejia, KOJHce 
noKopHoTypitHMaH3aH>HXCBOjy KpB npoiiH- 
Bao, a TBpAMc;iaB Yr^beraMli TemBo a^ i^e (5htb bito toa 
poA yrjberaH(*)." PyBapai^ ,\mAe tbpah, a^ je JTJbemvn,^ 
MaBpoop(5HBOB BeKaKas BJiacTe;iHB, kojh ce noKopno Typ- 
iJiHMa H 3a H>HX RpB BpoiiHBao, a „fle CHe'' ^n, npHSsa Aa 
je „CHB Aeciioxa JoBaBa YrAenie, jep Be yMe Aa o6jacBH 
BepBy CBeA0u6y KoBciaBTHBOBy „h nftien 3eMAy cBojy 
OTbYkCKoy.'' T. j. o^eBBBy. y caMOJ BaK CTBapH, Ty B Be 
Tpe6ajy BBEasBa o6jafflB>eH>a, jep je CTBap caia no ceda h 
cyBHBie jacBa, caMO Be Tpe6a jeAfle noAaxKe BaBOAnxH, a 

MB MO APyre MyKOM UpOJia3BXH. 

XajiKoxoBAHJio BspB^BO KBae, Aaje/lyraaB Aao (Jpala 
ByKaraBBy h yr^eBiH 3eMJbe df dno ^e^^cov eate Itti 
*IaxQOV X. j. OA Cepesa ao AyaaBa, na sa xo Be Moaie (Jmxm 
BH uBxaaa o xoMe: oa KyA je Bpaaa, Hfloronixa h 
IIpemeBO OTkTkCTSo Cxe^aaa CBaa AecnoxaJo- 
Baaa yribeme. J^2lka%^ ca cbhm npaBB^BO Kase AyRapa, 
^a je „AecBox JoBaa** ocxaBBO caojy seMjby y aacAeACXBO 
CBOMe caay ^CxeaaBy." 

(') rpHropoBHMa nyxeiuecTB. no Typn. 1842 cxp. 52. 
{ ) r.iacHHK 4 7 cip. 19 3. 



224 BHTOC.IABA H B«IIMHJA 

TaRO HCTO He lome 6hth nHTaH>a o ohomo caxpaBenox 
y iby6ocTHH»H CxeBaHy, jep je xa cxBap caia oa ce6e jacna* 
Vopax npH3HaTH, a& J6 sa vene 6110 saroHexaH HainHC aj6o' 
ctbkcrh: ,A ce Mmn Cre^aiik cm KecAfA(') yrAUic'', 
AOK HecaH CBOJHM oqHKa BHABO Taj rpo6. MaoapHs bbae, a& 
je laj BaxnHC Ha ^KaxoHy^, a FyBapai^ Rase „Ha djiohh'', 
a y caMoj cxBapH hh jeAHO hh Apyro HHJe xawo. Ha Me- 
cxy, ROMe roBopH IIIa^apnR. HHa y npRBenoM SHAy mocto 
HajiMR Ha OHa Mecxa, rAe o6h^ho Jiese hohixh eBexai^a Ha 
np. y laHacxnpy /l,paqH h;ih y rhjbbcrhm nenrrepaia, na je 
Ha AyBapy y ^^eateteM iiojioatajy*' H8Ma;iaH cxapait 
ca RpynoM Ha rjiaBH, a OAOByA onex cnojba, na Aynapy cxojh 
HaxQHc: „\ c€ A6SN Cfc^Nk CHN YrMtti KecdfA.'' SnaqH, 
Aa HHJe jeAHO hcxo, onaj naaiaiiaHH h onaj, qHJ je obo nax- 
HHc. Ty cy ABOJHi^a : oHaj cxapai^ — CBexa^ ca cBexHxeACRHE 
HHM^ycoM oROjio TJiaBe, H OHaj Apyrfl CxeBan chh RecapeB. 

EaA SHBHO, Aa hx HHa ABa y •I>y($ocxHH»H, Mopaio ce 
saHHxaxH : ro 6h Horao ($bxh onaj usHajiaHM cxapai^ (y ^y- 
6ocxhh»h) ? 

KaA je ByRaniHH nocxao ^Aecnox*, aeroB 6pax Jo- 
Ban Mopao je nocxaxH ^Recap.** EaA je ByRanniH «€^H- 
nyo* ypooia 1365 roAine c npecxojia aeroBor „OTkTk- 
CTBii**, oHAa ce OH nporJiacHO RpaAOM, a „CBora (Jpaxa" 
Jo Ban a Yrj^emy cooao^ho j,ncTH AtcnoTCsTi* h npeAao 
Hy ^cTfANu ](eMAie r^vkCKUie cb caiiouk A^cnoTbcsuie 
TkCTii(')*, jora AyniaH je OBOJ abojhiih (JpaLe 6bo a^o aeiJby 



(') A&RAe He ACCiiOTa, uero chu Kecapa. 

(*) rjacHHK XXII crp. 218, 222, 223 h t. a. najcujeBO wh- 
THje aapa Vpoma, hoko je y AoaHuje Bpene ucKBapuo thmo, ihto je 
y npBo6HTHO iKHTuje yueo ouapojiHa cKasauuJa"^ h to qaK y 18 bckv. 
Ko je ReiiiT y obum nHCMenuM nociOBUMa, KaKo yame y pyue obo 
>KHTuje, 04Maz Mome Aa oaboju npB06uTUH tokct oa AOUHnjHX y^e- 
xaKa H AOAaraKa, oa kojhx hy HanoMeuyTu caMO obo : uap je Ypoai 
y6Hjeu Bume Hepeae u.iu HepeAe y CRonA>aHCKoJ naxHju, rAe je h 



BHTOC.IABA H E<I>HMUJA 22& 

OA Cepeaa ao Ays^Ba, a to snaqH, ^a je IIoMopaBJte ao6ho 
JoBaHy a BapAapje ao6ho BjRamHH. Gspx IIoMopaBJi^a, 
Ao6HJe JoBan cipaHEx seiajba rpiRHX h AO^e y aoahp ea 
i^apHrpaACROM naTpHapmHJoK, na joj noA'^HHH CBOJe ^rp^se 
BenLJbe'' m trmb ce npBH noMHpH c Be.iBROM iipRBOK, a y 
HCTO A0(5a AO^e y cyAap c TypijHMa. ByRaniHH laAa h Rpene 
BOJCRy Rojy yApy»H c 6paTOB0E bojcrom h cyRo6e ce c Typ- 
iiHHa Ha MapeiiH 1371 roAHfle. Y toh 6ojy norHHe ByRa- 
fflHH, H 6yAe OAHeceH h capaaeH y CBojoj 8aAy»(5HHH, y 
itpRBH CB. /l,HMHTpHJa y CyiiiHi^H — „rpaAy pafflROM,** JoBaH 
AecnoT saAO^BJe rpAee pane, HcreRne ly RpB, yMpe h 6yAe 
capafteH 6;iH3y ^epnoiieHa, roa XapHaHiiHJe ,,11 rfosk lero 
H Ao A^Nccii f Aieuk lecTb h Hena ^yAHa SHaiieHHJa noRasy- 
jex. . .' ,H Ao Aanac lAuwimiik v^iiAitiio lecn.'' OTajien 
cy HGRaRBH HHO^H TGJio H>eroBO OAHe^iH y fteroBy o^HTejS 
ROA Gepesa, iuh rsro ce H>eroBO xejio He HiUasH y toj 
o6flTeji^H, SHaR je, a^ cy aeroBe hohith npeneceHe Aa^e y 
cpncRy seMJby, e totobo Heiia cyHH>e, a^ j^ H»eroBO xejio 
npeHeceHO y iby($ocTHfi>y h Ty ce h caAa noRojn noA ohom 
c;iHROM, na je roa aera h capaaeH aeroB ynyR — a^to. 
Aa je naR Ty capa&en GxeBaH chh A^cnoxa JoBana^ 
T. j. Yrj^emfli^a MaBpoop^HHOB : oHAa 6h Mopajio 6hxh na- 
EHcaHO na rpo6y obo: ((A cc rposk Keca^A ^raeui€ « cina 
cro Cre^ANA.'' H es OBora esboaemo, Aa je xe;io ^Aecnoxa 
JoBaHa* npeneceHO oa Gepesa y GxeoaEOBy AecnoxoBEfly 
oflaRO Ecxo Rao nrro je npeneceHO xejio Aapa Ypoma, Rsesa 



9KUBU0, na je capaibeu uajnpe y lUapeHHKy, OAiueu }e AOUHHje h3- 
Bal)eu H nocae 1394 roAune npeneceu je y HepoAUM.be. OTajea 
OHa 36pKa y OBOMe SKHTHjy, Koja je AOiiHHje AO^aTa, re je HCKBa* 
peso HcuTMje VpomeBo. 

Mara VponieBa aapuna l6l€M capaibeua je y iipkbh HbOM no- 
AuruyTOj y aYt^lOI Fo^l^ t. j. KapaAary. Buah TjacHEK XXI^ 
CTp. 2 50. 

rjACHUK LXX 15 



226 BUT0CwlABAUE4»HMIlJA 

•laaapa h sac mio je npeneceHO n Te^io IIpBOBeH^aHora 
Rpaiba ETA. 

IIopeA OBora, lopaMO HanoieHyTH, a^ ce y IlajcHJeBOM 
»HTHJ7 yribema HasHBibe .secapoH^, a rojso .AecDOTOx.'' 
Mopa 6ht0 a& cy oba6 noHemaHH yriBemHi^a chh AeeaoTa 
JoBana ca rojsoHy jep BaA je BysaiDHH noerao Bpa^»eH, 
yribema je nocrao ^^AecnoToi*', a chh oBora CxeMH, — 
nocrao »RecapoM.^ ^rojso'' je saucTa Rao 6paT BysarnHBOB 
Mopao nociaTH AecnoioM. Tp^RH bhoih Ha8flBA»y ByRaniHHa 
RpajbeH, RaRO ce bhah hs OBora: ^n^aXri u xai OvyyXeg 
xolv ddeXtpolv*' ... t. j. Rpa^y h YrAemH — 6paliH. Eto 
OA syAa H H»HHo noTOHCTBO H HeMa jeAHor npesHHenay Hero 
ce jeAHH 80By ^EpajbeBH&H'', a Apyrn ,7riBemHiiH.* HIto 
ce TH^e ToJRa, oh je 610 khh, oa cbo npH^HRe 6paT oa 
CTpHAa H Hopao je ((hth AecnoTOM, RaRo ce ae^n y Ilaj- 
CHJeBOH sHTHJy; ajiH aa *ah je HMao nopoAa h rAe je ca- 
paftOH, HOitaHo TOHe noAaxaRa. 

IIopeA OBora HajcrapHJH naniH HcropHJCRH AORyMOHTH 
EHFAe HX He HasHBjBy Mp&aaqeBHtiHMa ; obo HHJe H3HHniJbo- 
THHH. Ila sa TO Hopa 6hth oaaRBa H»flHa reneojiorHJa : 

HenaA (BOJBOAa Tpe6iiH>a) 

'^ I 

ByKamHH Vr^enia f JoBan ;iecnoT) 

BoHCAaea, Miuima MapKO, AuApuja, IlBauHm ' 



(yA. 3a FlO^rM) I H AMuxap Vr.beuiHna 



Khep y4aTy aa AHApoHHKa 
cjenora 



MOMHUJO 



Koja KHe3 Musacchi h Jejena 



CTOBaH H J BpAH- , 

I (t Ay 60- cjaB 
cTuH>a) (y 4j'- , 



(yAara aa CpoBHHKy 

CTe<i>aHa Koca^y) 

YrAemHija je sHBeo ao 1423 roAHHe, a aeroB chh Cie- 
Ban yipo je npe aera. Ho cipiH YrjieniHite aeroBy seitJby 
aayaiy Typ^H, a noc^ie 1444 roAene aaysie je BpaHROBHfc. 



BMT0C-1ABAME*HMHJA 227 

noTomH ByKamBHOBH OA AHApHJe aaApaa^iH cy ce ao npo- 
nacTH CKeHAep6era, a AOijHBJe nociaHy KaTo;lH^H n Baca;iH 
MJbeTaqKH. 

ITpeiia OBaBBHH BaBeAeBHi noAaTi^Hia, bojhx BepnocT 
Be MO»e Ohtb o6opeBa, Bacraje nBTaae: Moae jib (Jhth 
C^NMim R^ep BoHXBHBa, meaa yrjbeniHBa? 

III. 

nNaMO Bpjio BasBa ABa AOByieflTa 3 a pacnpasy obex 
iruTaH>a, a to cy ABa sanflca: jeAaa sa xifjieBAapcKoj sa- 
BecH, a Apyrn na noBposy KBesa Aasapa. Doipe^HO je Baj- 
npe pacnpaBHTH nHTa&e o HHMa, na onAa a»^6 h&h. 

PoAHHe 1853 6H;ia je AOBecesa xHJiesAapcBa 3aBeca 
y BeorpaA. Janso IHaoapHB npenBme sanRC c xe aaBece n 
nomjbe ra CBOMe CTpH^y IlaBJiy IDaoapHKy. Oa CBora cipniia 
IlaBjia, JaERO AO(((ije oBano ^Hsacseflie'' : BoBXEa je 6ho 
y Bpeie aapa /lymaHa saMecHH ynpaBHreib Ap^^^ ^ oro;i- 

Biix seMaJBa ao Mopa HMao je TWTy^y Ill-er peAa — 

Recap. CnoHHH»e ce 1357 r. EberoB je aer 6ho Yrj^eniH 
($paT ByRamHEOB. y sanncy CDOMeByTa Je^EHEJa 6a;ia 
AaRjie cynpyra yrj^emHsa, Eajnpe Re cap a, a no toh 
EA6cnoTa; BepoBaiEOJe Yrj^ema y spoHe ii^apa ypoma 
MJiaAor ($Ho Eac^eABBR CBora TacTa h BaiiecEH B^a- 
Aajiau OEO seNJbe, rojoh je npe ynpaBJi>ao BoExaa, jep oa 
1369 na ao 1371 r. ob je sanoaeAao y Ap&>tH> Gepesy b 
OROJiEBM npeAeJiBia cae ao GojiyEa. Yrj^ema je sajeAEO c 6pa- 
tiOM ByRamflEOM b Pojeom uoraEyo Ea Mapai^E 1371 roA- 
CaAa je BepoBaxBo yAOBBi^a Je^BMBJa npH^erne Rneay 
Jiasapy e EanMa roa ftera CRAoanniTe h samiBTy . . . Oaa Je- 
«HMflja, ROJiERO je no3BaTo, (oa RyAa?) poAB^ia je c Yrj^enioM 
TpE CEfla: EajerapBJH JoaaE ((eo je 3ace((flB rocnoAap aeL 
1369 r. na no npnnoBeAafty, nocjie ce noRajiy^epBO e 



228 BHTOC.IABA H E4»UMUJA 

yipo sao HOHax; Apyru chh SBao ce TspAHCJiaB, o ROie^ 
ce He 3Ha mra je c h»hm 6hj10 n tab je sHBeo; xpetiH chh 
8Bao ce CxeBaH h a6;bh capaften y ManacTupy iby6ocTHftH, j 
rpo6y, Ha soHe ctojh HanHcano : a ce A6»h Crc^Am xecA^iu 
yraeuie CNNb." Iloc^ie qepHOMencBe ((HTse 6hjio je rposHO 
cxafte y MaLeAOHHJn, na HBJe ^yAHO mto je yAOBHua yxe- 
B^a BHesy Aasapy a chh joj ce JoBan nosa^ylyepHO (*).'' 
Eto mxa roBopn IT. DlaoapHK o Haxnncy, kojh je H3- 
Be3^a Rajiyl)epBiia JeoHHHJa na XHJieHAapcROJ BanecH PAe 
oHa ce($H OBO Be;iH: ((Cni|6 a^k ncaoctonna 64^HMHn mo- 
naxTh a^M>n rocnoANiiA mn kkca^a Bohxm A€Xiii|iaro^ 
;A«f NtKorAA sc A«cnoTHi|A(*).' IIpHJiosBjia je Xh- 
ACHAapy 6907 x. j. 1399 r. 

Je ;iH jIOFHIIRH I^HFJIO HS OBOJIHRO pe^H JeOHIHJHHHX 

yqHHHXH OHanaB h8boa> RBRaB je y^HHHo niaoapHR ? HaAaM 
ce, Aft TO HHJe MoryLe y^HHuxH hh no RaRBOj Jlo^H^H. Ho- 
peA OBora y xoie ^HSflCHeHiio* nia h HcxopncRe nexa^iHOCXH. 
IHaoapHR Rasa, a^ je BoHXHa 6ho shb caio 1357 roAHHe^ 
a y caioj cxBapn, BoHxna je 6ho irhb h 1362 h 1364 
roAHHe, jep Hinepaxop KaHxaRyaeH nejiH : „Aa cy Cp6H — 
ynpaBQxe^H rpaAOBa MHrAOHBje, xaJHO bbrjih Hinepaxopa 
MaxHJy, Aa my rpaAOBe npeAaAy h Aa My ce noA^nne; a* 
je y xoiie y^ecxBOBao h Recap BoHXHa h otfebao npHBO- 
jiexH (na cxpany MaxHJHny) h ynpaBHxeAa /l,pa>^> na 
sa XHH Aa yA^pe na Cepes h a^ ocBoje rpaA, h a^ yxBaxe 
H caiy AapHi^y Jejieny h a^ 3arpa6e BeBHHO 6jiaro. 7 xoie 
ra noiexe cpncRa BojcRa, Bojy je Ypom noc^iao y noMok 
CBojoj MaxepH(*)/ 3a obhm ce aoxoah npna 6HXRa na p. 
MapH^H 1364 roAHHo h BepoBaxHO je y xoj 6mnE no- 
TBHyo BoHXHa, H 6ho capaften y XHjieHAapy. AoijHHje, fte- 



(*) raacH, V. CTp. 297, 298, 299, 300 h 30t. 

(*) Mon. Serb. 245. 

(') Bh4h : ByKam. y6H0 uapa Vpoma, oa CpefaKOBHha, cxp. 4. 



1^ 



BUT0C4ABA M E*HMHJA 229 

TOBa RLep H nomjbe y XHjieHAap sasecy aa cnoMen cbomo 
-oiiy. BoHXHa je 6ao neoMa ciap, ksljh, je npeMHHyo. ^a je 
OBaj saaHC Ha saBecH XH^eHAapcRoj Bohxehho Rbepn, o tomc 
He Moaie (5bth noTporaeno m jcahg pe^H, a^ift ^a je onaj 
^anec na nonpoBy Knesa Jlasapa ose HCie nLepH BoHXHHHe, 
o TOMe Mose 6hth roBopa. 

y paBanu^BOH sanncy nena osnaqeHO, a^ ra je HanH- 
cajia KLep BoHXHHHa, Hexa HHqera, rnxo 6u obo tbpahjio, 
OCHM noTHHca, A^ ra je BesJia Ra^iyl^epHi^a JeoHMHJa. Taj 
sanHC r^acH oBaKo: „(d nobT myy6nny6, kncxc Aiki\pe... 

rOCnOACTBOBAA leCN :(€MA6I0 (dTbYbCTsTA CH HfbUlbAb 

lecH NA (mTa C) HCinocTATA ((osHJuxiipRaBa, |^a;covanbi» 
NccrpiinHMo SHTH cpAMY tboicmv ;^€tii xi^hctnann onn- 

CTBTA TH OBAAAA€MHMk BNTH H2;M(IHAT€NH I AI|I6 AH CCrO 116 
nOAOYTNUlN, — OCTABHTH TAtNy BNCOTV feMNArO rOCROACTBTA 
II OSAr^NTH Ce KpbBIO CB06I0 N CMbKOYHHTH C€ Cb RON N6S6- 

cHAro qA^A. TtuaRG h f^n xeAAcue noAovTHAb 6ch: h 
^MNA (MypaTa) ysNAk €CH N myy6nTa Etnk^h Bbcn^neAii ecN 
4iTii BorA. n CHAa ne ocTaBH y 3a6opaBHocTH TBoja qeAa, 
Roja CH CHpoTama ocTaBHO ca tbojhh OA^acBOM, jep oa RaRO 

«H TH Ha He60 OTHmaO, MNOrN CK^UH H SOAt^llH Cd66UI€ 
U^AfOBAMNNAA TN TCAA, H Bb MNO](tXb €K|IS€Xb XHTH6 H^- 
BOXAAIOTb, (dBAAAAGMH BO COYTIi N;MAHAT6IIN, N T^tSyiCMb 
B b C H nOU01|IH TB06. TtUb aR6 UOAHM C6, MOAH C€ Kb CdB- 
l|i€U» BAAAUqt CO BbAIOBACNHXb TH YBAtXb H CO BCCXb 
HX€ €b AIOBOBTIO U B«^0I0 C A Y X€I|I H Xb H Mb, nC- 
TAA6Mk BO UHOftllb Cbnf6X6HA COYTb Bb^AlOBAiemAII TH 
T6AA, BAOVqiH BO XAtBb HX^ Kb^ABHrOlue HA HHXb 
««Bb BCAHKb, H TBOn RAAFA Bb (ABHTb ROCTA- 
«HIU€(*), MYT6HHT6. No ABO CH N OTHUIAO € OBOfA CKCTA, 



(* TypqMHa. 

(*) Byna BpaHKOBHha chhobh. 



230 BllTOC.lABA H E*HM1IJA 

Ck^kKH N EOAt^NH VeAk TBONXk BtCH, H BRO Hyq6HI!K IlMaill 

uphctyna PocnoAy, na uphk;iohh Bo.ieiia Kb sMYABnouor 

T€ BAAAUIIt, ni^OCH MNOrOAtTNOC Bb BAArHXb KNTNB B^AIO- 
BAieHHMk TN YGAOMb n^OBOAHTH BOrOOVTOANO H^Ocf 

ROBtAHTiM) EoroY noBtAY moaath B^aiOBAieiiHUb th T€- 

AOMb KH63(OY CT6^NV H BaIiKV, NA N6KHAHMH6 H BNANMlie 
B^Arn ; CIiB€|^II ilHKb CB. UVYBHHKA Bb](- 

KtcTN reo^rNio, noABurHH JI^nuhtpha, yb^an OcoAOpc, no- 

NMN Me^BSplA H npOKOnlA N .M. U0YY6HIIBb CBBACTNHCKHXb 
Ne aCTABN, Bb NHXaSC MYT€HNH(') BMIOIOTb TCAA TROA 
B^AIOBAIBNA, KN6a(b CTei^ANb N BAbKb, RpOCH ROAATH NUb CC 
•Tb EorA R0U0I|IH, RpHAH OyBO HA ROMOIflb NAID^Yy 
NA6XB A1|I6 €CH, Rpil3(^H NA MO I A Ma;ia UpHHOmeEbR, N 
Bb MNOfA BbUtNN cTA, N6 RO AOCTOAHNIO BO TCBt flOXBAAY 
RfNNeCOXb, Nb RO CNA« MAAATO UH pA^^MA, T«6M«€ N UAAA 
BbJ^U'^A^A YAMI. Nb He TAKO TH, MHAH MON r € R O- 
AHIIC N CB6TH MOYYBNNye, MAAOROAATAHBb BHAb ICCH 
€b TAtHNHXb H MAAOBtYNNXb. KOAUH RATC Bb N€Rp«XOANMHXb 
BBAHKNXb, AX6 BbCRpHIBAb ICCH ttTb BofA, T6A6CH0 BO 
CT^AHHOyW M6N6 Kb CTpAHHUXb ttSpbUAIlAb M C H N 
HS^OBHAHOy NUNS «€ aBOMIAOV RpOMOYy AA • K p b- 
'JHNiNUC, NAA OVTHOIHUINBOr^OyAIOTOriOAOVMC 
I TtAA UOICro. 64^NMNl!l(') R^HHOCNTb OyCflbARO CTA 
rCBt, CKCTbl.'' 

y OBOJ mojIhtrh HMajy sea^aja obh HspasH: BOMNOTb 
Y6AA TBOA . . . m^k Crei^AH n BAbKh, na AOA^je: ^r^Tham 

HA ROMOqib HARlV' HJIR : „0 UHAN MOH rOCROAHNe'' 
H4H: „T6A€CN0 bo CTpAHHOyMI UCH6 Bb CTfAHRUXb 
•KpbMABAb leCNH NS^OBHAHO, HOCNR SK6 OBOIOAOr RfHIMY 
AA 1) •KpbMNIDH U6, H AA 2) OYTHUIHIUH BOYpOy 



;') CxeBan i\ Bjk tslasl cy 6h4h y paxy y npeAe.iuiia, r^e cy 
npexpnH.iH MyqeH>e ho My^euuKa ceeaoxacKHx. 
('^) Mon Serb. cxp. 2 4 4. 



BHTOC.IABA H E4>UMUJA 231 

AioTOVio Axm^ H T6AA MOrA.'' Ea^ 6h oBaj HaxnHC 
Morao 6hth HanHcan? Ji,n. nperjieAaio Aora^^aje: Oa 1389 
roAMHe, na ao 1393 BJiaAaM je HoAyHaBAeM iiapniia Mh- 
jiHija, a TOE ce HasBao Cre^aH AecnoTOM 1393. Y •flbeionHcy 
(Qiao. CTp. 74) BGAH ce: 1393 r. (n^lTieaie Tov^i|h T^b- 
nou lOAA 1 7. ToxAA AtTO oAccmrn ce Crt^iib cnn Kiie^A 

Aa;A^ H 1|A^CTKMA AtCTb 38.'' 

1396 roAHHe ^a;sh Bah^htii k^ar OYr^bcicAAro SRNr- 

MoyiiA Ha HHKonoA>y. Ga EajasHTOi ce npoiBBy Yrapa 60- 
pi!;ia cpncsa Bojcsa noA KovaHAOM ABCuoTa GxeoaHa. 

1398 roAHHe qa^b Baii;htii h^na* qapA C^ai|hmh^ 
(OA Bauna. H oBe je roAHne, RaRo ce npHuoseAa 7 aKHTBjy 
CB. IlapacReBe, 6eab, je qapHiia Mn^Hi^a ca €4^niihoii bep- 
ROM BoHXHHHOH y BHABHy xe H8iio;ie OA BajasHia MomrH* 
CB. IlapacRCBe, A^ je MnjiHita OBe 1398 r. sancxa 6HJia y 
BHAHHy, y npoJieLe, xo uoxBpljyje hhcmo Ay<JpoBaqRo, eh- 
caHo RHerHftH Mhjihi;h, 23 Maja 1398 roAHHe; y aeny Ay- 

6pOBqaHH Be;ie: ((NaAU (dB(K)€€6AH N NAOie C|^A^€ MNoro 

•s^AAOiA . . • n^Hiu€CTBNie rocnoACTBA BN TCpk A^* 

rOCTC UfABO H Ck BCKHUb nOYT6NHIBMb CAAB NO (').'' 1398 

roAHHe yupo BAUk BpaHROB chh, a Cre^AUk AasapeB chh 
Mopao hLh Baja3Hxy, jep JSi,j6^0BHSiE]iL y DHCMy Hcxe roAHHe 
OA 30 HOBeM^pa, 6jiaroAape Bory, inxo ce SApaBo iioBpa- 
XHO RHes Cxe^tan oa Baja3Hxa.(*) A Bet 1402 r. ^cBt^A 
Accnon Ctc^ah^ Tio^rA BAbKOBNKA oy IfA^Hr^AOY-'' OBa 
3Ha^H, AA cy no cipxE CBora oi^a, Hsuel^y 1398 h 1402 r. 
ycxajiH Ha Gxeoana ByROBH chhobh x. j. .noAHrAN KcoBb'', 
na je noRpoB Besen sa BpeHS tfas^eaa .ladapeBHX CHHOBa^ 
y „ceBacxHHCRHM cxpanaMa** HBieljy 1397 h 1402 roAHHe. 
Iloc^e 140 roAHHa yApysHO ce Twpn ByROB chh c Typ- 



(*) ^y^. KH>. I. CTp. 4. 

;«) lb. I. cxp. 17. 



232 BI1T0C4ABA U C^UMHJA 

ilHMa H 6opHO npoTHBj GTeoana na RoeoBy BHme Ppaqa- 
HHiie Ha Ka^Hno.^y. 7 OBasBHi npH^HBaia fi oso^HOCTHMa 
H naBesen je noBpoB BHesy Aasapy. EaRo ce bhah h3 nar- 
HHca, H»era je Besjia IC^mhh, ajiB cy y ftexy yieTyie pe^H 
i^apHi^e MnAEn^iy mio cBeAoqe obb pe^eHinte: „noMOi|ik 
N A ui Y • • • MNAH MM rocnoANiie . . • YTHuiH Jbyxy 6ypy 
Ayme h Te^ia** h t. a- 

Iloc^e OBe pacapaBe o saBecaMa, a& ce o6paTH]fo bcto- 
pHJGREM noAaTiiHMa. 3a yrj^emoM je 6ma^ cecrpa JoBaea O^h- 
BepHLa H poAHJia ly BnToejiaBy h cHna OTe^^aHa, Rora MaBpo- 
op60H HasHBJbe yrj^emni^a. Otblh JoBasoB, OjiHBep, Bpii[B»aE 
Rpajta MajiyTHHa, npeiiHHyo je orojio onora BpeieHa, RaAa 
je npeitHHyo h MnjiyTHH. JoBan naR chh O^HBepoB, Rao naj- 
MotiHHJH BjiacTejiHH 3a iiapa ^.yniaHa, 6ho je y npBOM Kan- 
TaByaenoBOM noxoAy h jeABa je ociao »hb oa (JojiecTH roa 
Gepesa, aAH nnaR AHJe Ayro iRHBeo noo/ie OBora noxoAa. 

BonxHa je join Ayro sHBeo h hh cmo ra B}s^Mn y 
noxoAy npoTHBy ijapHite JejiOHe 1364 roAHHe. BoHxna je, 
no CBOMy 6ho BpniH>aR /^e^aBCRora, a RaRO cmo AORasaiiH 
Ha ApyroM MecTy, oh anco^iyTHO ne MO«e (5hth OTaii hh Ae- 
cnoTa JoBana OjiHBepoBor, CBora BpmH»aRa, hh 6jirapcRor i(apa 
A^eRcaHApa(^), hh iiapniie Jejiene. IIpeHa OBOMe neMa He- 
cia xHooTesa Kohct. HHROMJeBHla h CBHJy ohhx, rojh cy 
ycBOJHM Ty XHEOiesy Rao hito je r. Pynapai^ (y Cpn. Bpa*. 
h iiap.) H OjiopHHCRH (y HcTopHJH AyfflaHa). BoHXHa, a^- 
BJie, HeMa HHrnxa onniTer, hhth ctojh Ha y RaRBOM cpoACiay 
ca JoBanoM OjiHBepoBHkeM. Obo ce bhah h oiyAa, hito cy 
fi>eroBe seM^e, HaA RoJMMa je oh B^aAao, 6em oa Gepesa 



(') MajKa ToManAG (jKene CHHHuiHHe} ii HwRH^opa. AHua, y.iaaa 
ce . . .3a 4ecnoTa KoMHiiHa, 6paTa d^irapcKor uapa A.ieKcaH4pa u 
niypaKa (cpncKor) iiapa CTe4>aHa (Ayiuaua). Enup. xpoH. Komh. ii 
IIpoK.i. § 2 CTp. 5. Oaaj AecnoT Komhuu u jecre nmHHCKe u«Ty.i.e 
^pax uapHue Je.iene ^UlANNk.*^ — 



BHTOC^ABA H E«UMHJA 233 

40 Mopa, na je xaio ((HJia h H>eroBa npecTO^HHi^a. TaMO je 
H npeMHHyo, h 6ho capaaoH y Xe^eHAapy. /^a Bonxna hhjb 
<}ho y cpoACTBy e AapHi^OH Je^enoH bhah ce hs OHora H»e- 
roBora enpeiia&a, RaA je 6ho nomao fla Cepes, Aa ra ocbojh 
H AapHiiy Aa onjbaqsa. 0ba6 6h 6iiao yHecHO nmavbe, bo je 
OBAa ($H0 ynpaBHxe^ Av^^^> ^^^ i^ ^^^ BaAap BoHXHa Aa 
npHBOJie Aa npel^e Ha cipany Hinepaiopa MaTHJe KaHTasy- 
defla? EaA ra je caio BoBXHa ^Morao'' npHBOAeTH, neiia 
€yMfte, Aa je oh c ftHie 6ho y Hesoi cpoACTBy, na je Bo- 
BXHa Rao cpoAHHR H 6ho RaAap y tomb ycaeiH. y AaJi>eM 
TORy OBe pacnpaBe y HeROJiHRO tfnbe 0CBeTA>eH0 h obo hh- 
Tase. OBAe caHO Hopaio nanoMeHyTH, Aa je Rpo3 cbo Bpeiie 
OA 1371 na ao 1402 roA- chh YribemHH ^kcca^Ii Cre- 
4^ANb''y cecTpnti Aecnoxa Jonana OjiHBepHLa^ a MaBpoop^H- 
HOB Uglie8ciza(*) 6ho vasallo et confederato de Turchi. 
Ilpeiia OBOM Mose m ce h noiHCJiHTfl, nopeA jacne cseAOQ^e 
Ha rpo6y BHToaiaBHHOM, no Roue je BHToaAaBa cecTpH^BHa 
JoBana O^HBepHLa, Aa je 6o»eM Rbep BoHXHHHa, Je^Hinja, 
HaTH OBe BHTOo/iaBe? To ce ne Aa hh aaxHc^iHTH. 

Eto 3a nrro tfesyc.iOBHO Bepyjeio BeTocJiaBH, Aa 
je H>eHa MaiH 6H^a cecipa Jonana OjiUBepoBora, a ona je 
oneT 6HJia RLep YrAeraHHa, a to 3HaqH, Aa je YrAema 6ho 
sex 0;iHBepoB, a BHxocjiaBa 6hah laJRa ByRa BpaHROBBba. 

Etc 3a mxo Bepyjeio JeoHXRJH, Aa je ona 6HJia Riiep 
BoHXHe Recapa, na He Moreno HHRaKO BepoBaxH, Aa je ona 
6eab, HaxH HBRaRBor Ra^y))epa JoBana, Oxeoana h Tbpah- 
c;iaBa. 

Ocxaje joffl jeAHHO Aa ce nperjieAa none^a ^Aecnoxa 
JoBana YrAeme" (FjiacH. XXIV cxp. 248 h 249) Aaxa 
ManacxHpy Apxanre^ia BHme PatfpoBa, y Rojoj Aecnox JoBan 
Yribenia Be^H: .h n^NiiiCi mn ^AHHCANHie rn pofM^ 



(') r^acHUK 47, cTp. 191. 



234 BHTOC.IABA U E*MM1IJA 

Teat MH KCCA^A II KNAtXIl N n^OYTOXii I|i0 licn ^MNCAAk 

N H KCCA^k BOHXNA H HHH XpHCTOAIOSHBH i|^MI» 

OHOH^N.' — 

Obr noBe^a Hnje jacna. Ka^a Hflje jacna: OHAa ce Hose 
npoTyHa^HTU caMO Ha ABa naqHea. fi>y Tpe6a pasyieTH aAW 
Aa je 6ho ^^OAHTCiik'' JoBany BoHxea, hjii! a^ ce ona pe^ 
He TH^e Kecapa BonxHe. Jonan yr^ema Hiao je sa seny 
cecxpy JoBana OjiuBepoBora, o qeny ne Mome 6hth HHKaBBe 
cyMH>e. CaAa je nHxafte: ^a ae ce on no Apyra nyi ae- 
HHo ca kepsoH Becapa BoHXHe? 

Peq „Becap*, to je 6um THxyjja ipeter peAa AP»aB- 
HHX qHHOBHHBa. 7 ^ymaHOBOJ i^apeBHHH HHJe 6ho caio je- 
AaH Eecap h;ih cbmo jeAan a^chot baHl BOJBOAa, Hero je 
BHDie ;iHita hochjIO xaKBe THxy^ie, Bao mro caAa Hia y Ap- 
maBaiia BHOie renepa^a hjih caBeTHHRa hjih BOJBOAa. A^^^nor 
JoBaH yr^ema jacHo sa^Re, Aa je BHAeo ^i^MHUHum fn. .. 
^oANTeat MH KecA^A N BHAtXk H n^oYTOX^ t|io lecfii ;anN- 
cikhk*j na OHAa AOJiasH ,n h KccA^k Bohxna n hw 

X^HCTOAIORHBN'' H T. A- H T. A- BHAeO SaOHC pOAHTeiba „Be- 

capa* niTo je saoHcao, na oHAa HAe „u^ t. j. h dito je 
aanacao „u^ Becap Bonxna h ^hhh.** Ona ce jifiJUie noBCAa 
Mo»e TyiaqHTM h laso, Bao a* je »AecnoT JoBan yrAeraa'^ 
BHAeo sanHc cBora ^poAMTejba Becapa", a h OjiHBep je 6ho 
„Becap*, ua je bha^o ^sanHcanHJe**, ^poAHTeJba secapa h 
Becapa BoHxne h hhhx xpHCT0i»y6HBHx". . . . 

C Tora jeAHHO hb one noBejte, ne MO»e 6hth 6e3- 
yc;i0BH0 H3Bol)eH onaBaB BaBJBy^aR, BaaaB je HSBeo Py- 
Bapait y PjiacHHKy (47 cip. 192) roBopetn, Aa OBAe „80Be 
yrAema BoHxny Becapa poAHTeAeM, jep je 6ho otbii ftero- 
Boj aeHH, (*) noTOftoj Rajlyl)epH^H Jc^hmhjh*, jep je aseea 



C) Vr^emuHa je meua. 6H.ia ceorpa Josaiia cuHa OausepOBor^ 
AaH.ie je 6H.ia Khep OauBepoea 



BHTOC^IABA H E4»IIMUJA 235 

yrAeraiTHa 6HAa Btep OjiHBepoBa, a cecipa JoeaHa OjiBepo- 
Bora CHHa, h oea My poAHJia BflTocJiaBy. OBa AaB^e Je^i- 
HHJa KajiylyepHua He nose (Shth Hajsa BHTOciaBuna h Bh- 
TocjiaBHHe 6patie. Ppotf KtepH YrAernHHe BaxocJiaBe jacHo 
CBeAoqn, j^a je ftesiiHa MajBa — «eHa YrAemHHa tfH^a ce- 
cxpa 4ecnoTa JoBaHa OjiHBepa. BHTOcjiaBa je 6HJia xajsa 
Bysa BpaHKOBor h iberoBa ABa crapHJa 6paTa, na saA 611 
HOHaxH&a JeoDMirja 6Hjia sena yr^emHHa: oHAa 6e ona 
6iiiABL 6a6a BysoBa, h ne 6h SHBH.ia boa SHesa Jlasapa ir 
BHerHEbe MHJiHiie, nero 6h asHBu^a boa cbojiix cHHOBa hjih 
ynysa no sbepH BHiocJiaBH. Obo nas He Mome 6aTii h 3a to, 
IDTO ce Ba;ly^epH^a Je^HMiija onHcyje y atHTHjy cb. Ilapa- 
CB'f'Be, Bao iBBHa AOCTa M;iaA», 3ApaBa, omTpoyMHa h BeoMa 
3aAO(5HJajylia h npHAoOnjajylia ateHa, dito ho 6e Morjio 6hth 
1398 roAHHe, saA 6h ce oHa yAa^a 3a Yribemy 1324 ro- 
AHHO, Hero 6h ona 6HJia TaBo Ay^osa h Horp6;beHa crapHiJia, 
Boja 6n TemBo Horjia xoAaiH no aeiJ^H. Hajnocjie ne nose 
((hth h sa TO, jep je npHpoAHHJe — saA 6h JeoHiiHJa 6HJia 
Yr^eniHHa, a& ohb ibhbh boa CBora CHHa GTeoana Ugliesi- 
cae vasalla h confederata TypcBor, Hero mi boa neupHJa- 
Tejba cBora Hysa yribeme, Aasapa. Ila sa to ce ne Aa hh 
saiHCJiHTH, AA J6 JeoHKHJa 6Hjia asena yribernHHa m HaJBa 
^secapa GTe^ana h yrA>emHiie.'' 

— Hy, OHa je lowa 6hth Apyra atena yr^bernHHa, 
H TO Moace 6hth, no hito ly je yMp^a npBa sena — 
laJBa BHTOG^aBHHa a sLep OjiHBepoBa. — SancTa, obo je 
Morjio 6nTE H OBO 36or qera. 

Heky ce ynyniTaTH Aa na niHpoBo h na Ayra^EO ao- 
Basyjei, Aa secap BoHxna, HHJe hheo ApyrH, nero Manpo- 
op6HHOB(') Bohh oTaii ^AyropyBax*" t. j. AjiTOMaHHLa ; Aa 
je npexa naTOHcy na Apyrox rpo6y y ^.^HaHHiia: „cii r^s 

(*) Pag. 280. 



236 BtIT0C.1ABA H E«UMHJA 

ftAimiUCK AATOIMRNKn A BNHIIi AtCnOTA KANHttl€, AMncCS 

KN€3(H Aai^a^Y^y jacHO, Aft jc cecxpa SHesa Jlasapa ((Hjia jAaxa 
saAjiTOMaHaBoHHHtia, ha^J^ npeiia obomb »AU|ih 
«6CA|Mi B0HXH6'' 6HJia saoBa cecTpe BHes-^asapeBe jAaTa 3a 
AjiTOMana ; Aa je capa&eHH BaHem y A^^ftHHMa 6ho cecTpeL 
BH63-Aa8apeBy h Aa kj Aaaap 6ho yjaB a BH>orHH»a Mh- 
jiHi^a 6HJia yJHa. Kajiyl^epHi^a Je^Hiuja 6ea^ je upHJaxejiiHita 
Mh^hiih. Obhm ce h o6jaiini>aBa AO^iasas H>f^3HH yAOBHUH 
— seerHftH Mhjihiih. OBaao na Apyi'H Ha^HH nose ce npo- 
Tyia^HTH ra6poBCKa noBe^a, a obo ce xyxa^efte noAyAapa 
ca eB6Aop6o]i MaBpoop($HHOBOH, Bojy beio naaecTH. 

Jom eaN ocraje Aa cnoMeneMO jeAHy okojihoct, na Aa 
saBpmHMO oBy pacnpaBy, a to je: 

nocjie 6HTKe oa MapH^0 1370 r. HHJe 6hjio OHaKBo 
o^ajno cxaibe y cpncBHM noRpajHHaiia MabeAOflHJe RaBo ra 
onHcyje HcaJHJa. Tu ce bhau hs lora, mio cy ocxajiH aao 
TypcBH BacajiH Raao ^KpajbeBaiiH'' h „/l,ejaHOBHtiH'', xaao 
H GTeoaH cflH A^cnoxa yr^eme. Oaaj Gxeoan ocxao je aa 
•CBOJoj ^oqeBHHM** cBe AO 1402 roABee, a OBe roAHHe, 
Rao xypcRH BacBji h ROHoeAepax Mopao ce RpeeyxH c Boj- 
CROM CBojoM H xypcRox y ApynixBy c ^ypl^OM ByROBHi, npo- 
xHBy Gxe<»aHa AaaapeBBtia na Eocobo: ^Btoie xc forAA ■ 
KecA^k OvraieuiA cb Hcmahaiith n n UHoro cAOYsciiHie 

CkTKO|MI CbCiAANIIieUb Kk BAArOYbCTHBOMOV N^k CHXk, tUJSk 

«kB«TII N KOBU Bb^BftUITAlB H Rf^tlBTIi ^CIIAIO 

CBOIO OTbTkCKOVIO BpANiO N HllOroiUTOV N ll^tai€BO.' JaCHO 

je, AaR^e, Aa je xecA^b yrJteniHita sacaji h caaesHHR xypcRi, 
3a aejiHRe ycAyre y^Haeae CxeoaHy CHHy AasapeBoi, ao6ho 
ySeM^y OTbTbCKOVio'' y IIoHopaB^y, xeR nocAe 6HXRe aa 
KocoBy 1402 roAHHe. Ji,o oae 1402 r. CxewH YrAemHi^a 
BjiaAao je saA obhm seM^aMa, Roje cy my ^H^e oa oi^a sao- 
<jxajie y BacAeACXBO y PoMaBHJH, rAe je, RaRo Rasyje Ma- 



BHTOC^ABA U E«>UMMJA 23T 

BpooptfoHH, BoHXHa ca CBOJHM 3eT0M y.ribeniOH say- 
3HMao 8e]tJi»e FoiiaHHJe. llo tomb Ham hsboa h Mopa 
6hth OBasaB: 

AecnoT JoBaH yrA>eraa 6paT ByKaniHHOB 6ho je ocxao 
yAOBai](. BoHXHa je hs uojihth^khx yspoxa h 6)io yAao sa 
CTapiia H yAOBi^a Yr^einy CBOjy sLep Je^HHHJy. Yr^ema je n 
6ho ynpaBHTe^ Apa^^y Kora je xxeo BoHxea 3kaohhth Ha 
CBOJy crpany; ohh cy 3ajeAH0 h saysHMajiH soHJbe FoMaHMJe. 
4,ecnoT JoBaH yr^ema 6paT ByRarnHHOB, HHJe HMao no- 
poA& ^ JeoHHHJOM, a no CHpiH cBora Tacra BoHXHe, oh 
je sayseo n H>eroBe aei^e. Ilocjie CMpxH YribernHHe Ha p. 
MapHUH 1371 r. H>eroB chh Gre^aH hoa^hhh ce Typi^ia 
Rao h>hh Baeaii h caBesHHR. EberoBa maLexa Je^HHHJa^ ne 
HaiasetiH ce6H samTHie roa nacTopRa h OAe CBojoj npHJa- 
TeibHi^H H cpoAHHiifl MhjIhiih (^). 3a TO OHa Rao HHMorpeAOn 
H Be^H Ha saBecH xHJieHAapcRoj, ^neRaAa AecnoTHi^a.'' Uoqaq 
OBora H Hiajy cxHCJia one pe^H MaBpoop^HHOBe : .BoHXHa 
Recap ca cbojhm seTOM Yrj^emoM, nocTane BJiaAajiait CBe 
seiibe HorpaHH^He c FoiaHEJOM. One cy obo paAHJiH, ca ao- 
3B0J10M i^apa Ypoma, rojh hh o ^eiy HHJe mhcaho : a^ spos^ 
Aecex roAHHa HHiaBO i^apcTBO pamRO 6h noAeibeno HSiielyy 
oBa ^eTHp BJiacTejiHHa('). Ila cy hm jom sa AapeBa sh« 
Boxa^ noAanui^H jaBHO A^BajiH saRJiexBy BepnocTH npHno- 
snaBajyiiH hx 3a caiOAP^aBHe BJiaAaoi^e'' ('). 



(>) rjaoH. xxviii. cTp.. 390. Bm^yA« Hk iiA^io Kaai{Bf« — 

nunTio A^o®T> OITrieni, A^V^H m icecap BMoero. CTa of^^ 
im iiB«ryxk riAroiABiii/ci ■• Mff%n^ ungpluU cvfii, lofsa Miiiiii|i 
BBOBt cfii»im «tMy lOMOfb iiiitMina, niTtsa im TiMOioii iiiio- 

YNMON M^B. 

(*) CTpauiHMBp 6pahoM. BoHxna Kecap ca cbojhm aerou Vrjbe- 
moM; KHea BoHcaaB, ByKamHH h KHea ^aaap. 

(') Voihna cesar con Uggliescia suo genero fi fece padrone di 
tutto il paese ch' era a confini Romania. Et tutto lUmperadore Thavesse 
loro comandato ; ma in effecto lo face u ano per medesimi : talche in 



238 BHTOC4ABA H E^UMUJA 

Obh nopoAHqKH oahoch jBeJiH cy Bac y ynyxpaniftB 
:rhbot h coon i^apeBHHe h npsHX nopoAHAa XIY b. Ha 
ocHOBy OBEX OAHOca M0»6H0 iipoHakfl yapoRO pacnaAa name 
€p6AH>eB6K0BH6 KapeBHHe. 



4 «e6pyapa 1884: r. 



P 



PETxROBHTv. 



mano di dieci anni tutto il regno di Rassia diviso fra quattro Baroni 
sopradetti, et ogn* uno essendo an cora vivo rUnperadore. da ua 
ubidienza loro et riconoscenali per padroni.'* Maur. pag. 269 b 270. 



SHAHAJy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 

3A HAyiCy PASBZ'RA H CTPOjy CHORDA DOaSAIxIS 
H HEPBHE CHCTEME KOA AMcDHOKCyCA. 

Natura in minimis maxima. 



^HTepaxypa o aMOHORcycy eapaaiiepHo je AOCTa 
BejiHRa. Pallas(') (1778) ((ho je npBH rojh je HSHamao 
aM^HOReyca, h onneao ra sao nysa noA HieHOH Limax lan- 
eeolatus. H aa 50 roAHna oa saRO ra je Ilajiac HSHamao, 
HHJe H>eMy hbro boaho paqyna, Ta^aH>H npHpoA&aiiH BKcy 
SHBjiH SHa^aj H>eroB rojh oh Rao HaJHHSH RHwe&aR HMa. 
TeR Costa(*) 1834 roA. HSByRao ra je h3 3a6opaBa, cra- 
BHBnifl ra y pH((e ca HieHOM: Branehiostoma lumbricnm. 
Oambx ay tim 1836 roABBe onncao ra je Yarrell(') n^A 
onmTe noBBaTBii BBeflOM : Amphioxus laneeolatus, apaLajytiH 
ra TaRO^e y pB6e b to y peA Cydostoma. Oa la^a je 6poj 
RCOBTflBa^a axMORcycoBBx pacTao CBe BBnie h BHine, h .\,j.\n 
Rao cy: Couch, Goodsir, Pagenstecher, Rathke, 
J. MuUer Kolliker, Quatrefages, Leuckart, 
Grenacher, Owsjanukob, Stieda, Qegenbaur, 



(') Miscelanea zoologia crp. 19. 

(*) Genni zoologici ossia descrizione somaria delle ^peciae ouove 
di Animali. NapoU 1834 crp. 49. 3a thm Storiae Xatomia di^l Br^n* 
chioBtoma lubricum. Napoli 184 3. 

[*) History of British Fiscbes 11. csecKa London tS36 CTpftiiii 
468 — 472. 



240 3HAHAJ7 AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 

Haeckel, W. Mflller, G. Hase, Langerhans, W- 
Eolph H T. A- AonpHH6JiH cy HHoro A& ce erpoj h pas- 
BHhe 0B6 SHaqajie sHBOiBftHi^e mio 6oji>e casHa, a^H cbo- 
jHH flcntfTHBa&eM o pasBH&y ai^HORcyea aaJBetiHa je ce oa- 
jiHROBao no3HaTH pycKH soojior A. EoBajieBCRH, kojh 
je npBH nosasao BeJiHRH sna^aj aHMOBcyca sa aayBy pas- 
Butia, ciaTpajytiH ra Kao npe^as oa KHqieftasa sa ((esraq- 
MeH»aiiHHa. 

3HaHaj aH«HOBcyca sa Haysy pasBHba. 

nosHaTO je AA ce BBqieEbaiiH — no JlaiapB-KBBHje- 
Boj noAeAB — pas^Hsyjy oa ocTajiax SBBOTflH»a TBHe^ mTo- 
HMajy Aya& xejia Bfl^iiy, b fty 6am ana aiMOKcyc b to y 
Bp^o iipBMflTBBBOM CTafty^ Te ce 86or Tora ob b CMaxpa saa 
npao6^BB BB^HOfta^Bor tbbb. H>eroBa je KB^ia ROBHaera, 
B oRpyseBa jeABOi ohbom, y OBrnxe A^KJie oaa je aa Bp^o 
BBCROH CTyiiB»y. HcTB TBRBB oprafl BBajy B Bese TyflflsaTe,. 
laRO Ba np. Apendicularie (Gopelata) Biajy ra sa cbo Bpeie 
jBBBOTa, B TO y noRpex^BBOM BecjiacTOH pefly ; aor roa Apy- 
TEX aciiBABJa no^exiiB xopAe BaxoAO ce laRol^e y BecjiacroE 
peny, a^B caMO aor cy Rao ^apBa a AOABBJe RaA ce pas- 
BBJy Beia je brrbro (*). Ha loie ce ynpaso b ocBBBa cpoA- 
CTBO axMORcyca ca TyBBRaxaMa^ a Bapo^flTO RaA ce ysiie 
Ba yM Aft KBRO aioBORcyc laRO b bci^ahJb Biajy BiRpsBa 
iipeBO, B AS* je Taj opraB roa o6ojbx ca cbbm xoiojior. 
Cjib^bo BiRpaRBO i^peso BHajy b Apyre SBBOTflB>e tbro SBaB& 



(') BtiAii o Toue oiiinHpHHJe: Kowalevsckj A. Entwicke- 
lungsgeschichte der einfachen Ascidien. 1866 (Mem de T Academie 
Imper. des Sciens de St. Petersb. VII. Serie, Tome X, J^ 16). 

C. Kupffer: Die Stammverwandschaft zwischen Ascidien und 
Wirbelthieren. 1870. 

F. Haeckel: Anthropogenie III Auflage 14 npe;iaBaH>e. 

C. Oegenbaur: Grundriss vergl. Anat. II Aufl. cxp. 416. 



3HA^Ajy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 241 

Enteropneusta (Balanoglossus) (^). HlRpsHH anapax 
6ajiaHor;iocyca cacTOJu ce hs XHTHHosHor CRejieTa y Roue ce 
HaxoAH xpn pe^a n^ioqHita, Roje cy nonpeqHHM mranHfaHHa 
cnojeHe, h qapcxoH xhthho3hoh rosom npeByqene. Ana^io- 
rnja naR ca mRpsHHH RomeH h sap^^hhm OTBopoH RH^iie- 
H>aRa yBebaBa ce jom h thmb ioto je roa 6a^aHor^ocyca 
mRpsHa Reca iipeBa oABojena xhthhoshhm mTannliinia, h mia 
je ona ysAy^HOM mTanutiHHa y jeAan Rom cnojena. H to je 
HaBe;io Gegenbaur-a h Haeckel-a Aa osnaqe 6ajiaHo- 
r.iocyea, Rao cpoAHHRa ca RHqieibaiiHMa, a napo^HTO ca an- 
oHORcycoM, Te 36or lor niRpatHor i<peBa Terentfayp je ocho- 
Bao 8a 6a;iaHor;iocyca HapoqHTy R^iacy le^y iipBHHa, nasBaBiiiH 
je EBtoropBeusla. Ho ne caMo niTO cipoj pasBHjeHor 
aM«HORcyca, TyHHRaTa h eHxeponHeycra a^J6 Basee AORaae 
sa cpoACTBO HBMe^y bhiuhx h hhsbx sHBOTBiba, Hero nan 
TO noTBpl^yje h oHToreHHJa ftHXOBa. 

FaAOBH EoBa^ieBCRor h Eynoepa noRasajiH cy 
Aa pasBHtie aMOHORcyca h aci^HAuja tfnBa hcthm HaqHHOM Rao 
H ROA 0CTa;iHX RHqHeH>aRa, jep ce jeAan hctb npoiiec no- 
HaBJBa ROA CBBJy. HoBHJa HcnHTHBaH>a EoBajieBCRor (') caMO 
cy noTBpAHJia npel^aiiiBe pesy^iTaTe. ^HfiAB, nepBna CHCTena 
niTO HaA xopAOM ;ie»H — Be;iH oh — y CBeny je xoMOJiora 
ca iieHTpajiHoii nepBHOM cHCTeiOH iipBH resp. ftHxoBiiH mob- 
roM H Moa^ABHOM.^ J\,s^KAey ai^HORcyc ciiaja RHqieftaKe ca 
TyHHRaTaMa, a one cy oneT 6a;iaHor;iocycoM cpoAHe ca up- 



*) A. Kowalevsky: Anatomie des Balanoglossus Delle Chiaje 
(Mem. de V Acad, de St Peterb. VII Serie, T. 11, JSr 3). 

A, Agasiz: The history of Balanoglossus and Tornaria (Mem. of 
the American academic of arts and scions, vol. IX). 

E. Haeckel: Antrdpogenie III Aufl. npe4. 17. 1864. 

(*; Weitore Studien uber die Entwickelungsgeschichte des Am* 
phioxus lanceolatus nebst einem Beitrage zur Homologie des Nerwen- 
systems der Wiirmer und Wii belthiere. (Schultze's Archiv fiir mikro- 
skopische Anatomie XIII Bd. 1877). 

rjACHUK LXX 16 



242 SHAHAjy AMPfflOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 

BHMa, a eraBe ae ce TjHHKaTe h eHreponHeycre — Kao hito 
TO XeEeA MHH — y i<pBe, to cy OH^a BHqMeftai^H ah- 
poBTHO cnojeHH ca i^pBHMa. Eao upeTKa BH«efi»aqKor Xe- 
Ee^ CTaBAa jeAHy nenoBHaTy Hsynp^y iie^ioMaTa c^opiy, qaJH 
je HaJ((;LHSH cpoAHHK nosHaTa JiapBa acitirAHja, h Taj o6ahk 
Xeseji HasHBa Ghordonium, H3 Boje cy ce pasBHJie cjeAse 
CTpane acitHAHJe, a c Apyre KHqiieH>aiui. r6reH6ayp y6po- 
jasa eHTeponneycTe i iipBe, a TynHKaTe ysHia Kao rpyny 3a 
cetfe. cpoACTBy Hsmel^y KHqieftaBa b 6e8RHqMeB»aBa A&P* 
BHH Bpjio ^eno b6;ih: a^* ^ko ce ocjiohhmo na eHtfpHOJio- 
r^jy Kao HajcHrypHHJer BO^y npH K^acnoHKaitHJi, to HsrJieAa 
Aa CHO HajaaA Ham^H HSBop OAaKJie KHqieftaiiH noTiqy. H 
6am stfor Tora i jecTe Be;iHKa BajsHocr aiiMOKcyca, idto 
je OH Konqa Hsme^y KH^MeftaKa h tfesRHqieftaKa, oh nan je 
a^HBH cBeAOK nocTeneHor oHJioreneTHqKor pasBHba, a y hcto 
BpeMe OH je najjaqH ocjionaii A^cueHACHTee Teopaje, Koja nac 
yqH, AA cy ce CBe aHBoiHae pasBH^e jeAHa h3 Apyre. 

II. 

OnmTH onHc aH«EOBcyca. 

AuMOKcyc enaAa y aace^ny KJiacy pntfa h to: Lepto- 
c a r d i a isae A c r a n i a, ca jeAHHM jeAHHUM poAOH : ai^EOKcy- 
com('). Te;Lo My je KonjBHqacTO h Ha;iuK na pH6y a BeMRo 

5_gcm, a nOKpHBBHO MBKOM TO^IOM KO»HIJOM, KOia Ha TOpROJ 

CTpaHH TBJia npaBH OABecan o6py6, kojb ce na peny niHpD y 
nepaja. Ycna Ayn/ba, Koja ce na iipeAftei A6Jiy Te;ia naxoAH, 
CTOJH y B63U ca mEpsHBM Romeii 3a AHcaH>e, kojh je caB no- 
BpHBeH TpenjBacTHH enHTe^iBJaHa, npaBor a^e.iyiia neiia Kao 
mTo ra koa ocTajiHX pH6a Hua ; na npajy rora niKpsHor Roma 



;*) HcAiiBHO je 4p. nexopc Hauiao y AycTpa.iHJH je4iior cpoA- 
HiiKa aM4>M0Kcycy, Ha3DaBUiu ra Epigonichtbus cultellus. (Kosnio?^ II. 
Bd. crp. 69.1 



SHAHAJy Amphioxus lanceolatus-a 243 

noyHibe itpcBO, Eoje ce Ha 3aAH>eM a^^J y ^Map cBpmaBa. 
JeAaH A^o itpesa Bcnynqana ce HanpeA R^io cjieno i^peBo, 3a 
Boje ce MHCJiM Aa npeACiaBAa UHrepnity. Koxa ce cacioju hs 
eiiHAepMHca, ByTHca h noBomnqKor TBau>a. 

y cacyAHoj CHCxeMH Heaa cpua, aera saneRyjy Bume no- 
Beiax cacyAa bojh nyjianpajy, a ipeaoM Bann^iapa cxoje y 
BeaH jeAaH ca Apyrnn, a A. DlHaJAep AOBaaao je boa aM- 
4>H0Bcyca AOCTa pasBHJeHe ^MMone cacyAe. GacyAH npo^ase Bpo3 
OTBope fflBpateor Boraa h Ty ce BpB — Boja ce cacioju U3 
<5e;iHX BpBHHx Te;ia — cnaja ca EHceoHHBOM. 

IIo^HH opraHH cy OABojeHn, h saysHiiajy Be^HBH Aeo c 
Aecne h ;ieBe CTpane Ayai nepa^paHXHJajiHe Ajnjbe. H no K o- 
BajieBCBOM iioAun npoAysTH H36aiiyjy ce Ha ycxa. KejiH- 
Bep je H3Hamao cnepiaxoHAe. 

yporeHHia^iHy cHCxeiy naj^o^Be je HcnHxao W. Mttl- 
ler,(') Ma Aa joPaxBe, Pajxepx h CxHAa HHcy npn- 
MexHJiH. OBeH(*) je Bao 6y(Jpere onHcao one at^esAe mxo 
ce npoAysyjy hcooa xopAe ao wapa, JlenBecxp je Bao 
xasBe osnaqHo one Bana^e mxo ce naxoAe y BOMopn 3a Ait- 
caH>e Ha xp($yniHoj cxpaHH. B. Ms^iep 03HaqaBa Bao uo^exas 
HOspaiiHor anapaxa one ennxejiMjajiHe 6pa3Ae Ays BeHxpajiHe 
noBpmHfle nepHxoHeyiia. XeEe^ je xpaatHo y BanajiHMa ca 
cxpane, a XeBc^iH y Ha6opHMa xptfyniHHM. Mycsy^ia tiHa 
ABOjaBHx: ysAysHHX ca cxpaee n nonpe^HHX xp6ymHHX. 

no KoBajieBCBOM jaje bb Bojer ce pasBija aHOHOB- 
cyc 6pa3Aa ce xoxa^HO. jlapBa, Boja ce h3 jajexa aM4»H0Bcy- 
coBor pasBHJa, 0Ma jeAHy nnrMOHXHy nery h jaMHity 3a o(JoB»aH>e, 
mxo BOA pasBBJeaor aMMOBcyca HOHa. HcxHEa AanrepxaHc 
BeAH, Aa je oh MauepaiiHJoHOM MaxoAOM AOBa3ao bulbus ol- 



(') l^ber das Urogenitabystem des Amphioxus und der Cyclu- 
siomen, 187 5. 

(*) On the anathoniio ot Vertebrates Vol. 1 London 1875 cxp. 
533, a CJHKa na cxp. ^69. 

10* 




244 3HAHAjy AMPfllOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 

factorius, a Xaae TaEol^e mhmh a^ je Hamao n. opticus, nrro 
JlanrepxaHC onex OA^yiHo notfHja. 

Amobokcjc srebu y nyjbj Rpaj MopcsHX otfajia, Hapo^itTa 
OKO Heanojta n Kpaj o6a;ie ceaepHor HeiaqEor lopa aa no- 
jeAHHHM MccTHMa, xpaHeliH ce oa cflfeyraHHX opraHHsaEa. 

CTpojy ehorda dorsalis e nepBHe cvcrese. 

Hpe^asHM Ha HajMaBHHJH Aeo ose pacnpase, aa cxpoj 
KOTEe KOA aMOHOKcyca. A npe aer dito ce ynyciHE y Aa^e 
pa3;iaras>e Heaa eh je AoasoibeHO a^ ce 3axBa;iHE eojhe yaa- 
seHHE npooecopHEa X e a e Ji y, a napo^HTO AaJRapxy, soJE 
cy EH CBOJHM caaeTOE h ynyTCxaoE E^ioro noEarajiH npH oboe 
EOE HcoHTHBafty. Ma AA je chorda dorsalis oa HOROJiHitHHe 
HCEycHHX 300Jiora HcnHTHaaHa, h Ea a^* cy ftHXoaa hcdhth- 
BaH>a y ehofoeb pacBex^LEJia cxpoj h pasaatie fteno, onex aa xa 
y HeqoEy ce pasEHEOHJiaBe, no bba ce ysEO na yE oHHoLa 
XHcxo;ioinKor cxpoja OHAa aaE xa pasno^iHBOcx y JUBm&eibj 
Hete (Jhxh qyAHa. 

n sao fflxo je oqEa roa be max RaqEeftaaa Aeo eae- 
jiexae cHcxeEe, hcxo je xaao chorda dorsalis aEoaoacyca Aeo 
cae^iexa, y kojh AO^iasi : ycaa xpcsaBiiia, ociioaait mapsHor 
Bosa, mapsHH mxanHfaH a HExepEycByjiapae Aira- 
Eeaxe, Eoje HHcy HHmxa ApyroAonpaHsaqeAilH 
AOftHX jiyaoBa resp. petfapa; oao nocjieAfte XBpl)eH.e 
Eoja je npexnocxaBEa, aojy obhe HcnHXHBafi>eE ehc^ihe aa 
AOEaseE. 

Chorda dorsalis eoa aE4»H0Ecyca npo;ia3H apos hqao 
xe^o H HaMOAa aao aaAEaox RoaqHi, oEpymen jeAHHE xaa- 
EHM EoatHHE c^ojOE — EHqMeHOE oflHOE. XopAy A^KJie pas- 
jiHEyjeEo Ha yayxapaH Aeo h^h xopAy y yaieE CEHCJiy a 
Ha cnoAHH Aeo h;ih onny, Eoja ce no Pojioy pasjiHEyje 
xaao^e aa cnoAHy h ynyxapay. caEOE cxpojy xopAe 



SHAHAjy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 245 

MHfflibefta cy noAejbena. Gvodsir(*) h J. Muller(*) 
Be;i6 AB. ce xopAa cacxoJH h3 MesHx KOHqaba. Quatrefa- 
ges(*) TBpAH Aa je xopAa cjioateHa h3 BejiHKor 6poja njio- 
qacTHX fce^iHJa. Ho MaKcy IIIy;mey(*) ona ce cacTojn 
H8 leKe caBesHe cyncTaniie. B;atlike(*) HanoMHae Aa je 
xopAa cacxaBibeua h3 c^iysacTHX spna h q^H^posne onne. 
W. Mtlller(*) je Hsnamao fce^iHje y xopAn h onHcyje hx 
Bao Ba/bKacie, ca npoAysesHna Koja He^y co($om Rao Mpemy 
npaBe, oh je h be^HJqflo spno Hamao. KoBa^LeBCKH npn- 
HHcyje n;ioqacTy cxpyKxypy xopAH h CMaxpa je Kao npoH3- 
BOA aene onHe, Oh je pasJiHKyje y jacny xopAHHy onny, 
B y ueHxpa^iaH Aeo, eojh ce cacxoJH h3 xoMorene cyncxaniie 
H y Kojoj nocxajy nenpaBH^iHa xejia KOJa cBex;iocx npe;ia- 
Majy. Stieda(') jeAan oa hobhjhx HcnHXHBaqa xbpah na 
cynpox ropifcoj abojhiih, a^ ce „xopAa cacxoJH h3 jeAHor 6poja 
-spHacxHx Ayra^KHX KOH^acxax te^iHJa, soje cy naxoi y no- 
npe^HOM npaBiiy nope^ane, h y r>iaBHoj nacH xopAe xaKO 
jeAHa c ApyroM cxonAene, a^ ce KOHxype nojeAWHHX fce^iHJa 
xemKo H^H HHRaRo He BHAe, aor ce Me^y xhh y ropH>eH h 
AOReM A^Jiy xopAe iejiHJe Mory jom jacHo Aa pacnosnajy/ 
Oh xBpAH AB>jbe (1. c. cxp. 11 — 12) Aa je Ha Ma;iHM h M^a- 



(') On the Anatomy of Amphioxus lanceolatus (Transaction of 
the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Vol. XV, pars I, cxp. 2 50) M41. 

(*) Ubcr den Bau und die Lebenserscheinungen des Branchio- 
stoma lubricum. 184 4. 

(*) Mem. sur le system nerveux sul V histologic du Branchio- 
stoma oil Amphioxus (Ann. des Sciens Nat. Ill S. Zool. T. IV, crp. 
232) 1845. 

(*) Beobachtungen junger Exemplaro dos Amphioxus (Zeitschrift 
fur wiss. Zool. Bd. Ill cxp. 4 16) lb45. 

{*) Bemerkungeu viber den Bau des Amphioxus lanceolatus ei- 
nes Fisches aus der Ordnung des Cyclostomen. 1841. 

(•) Obcr den Bau der Chorda dorsalis (Jenaische Zeitschr. Bd. 
VI cjp. 327) 1871. 

(') Sludien iiber den Amph. lanceol. (Mem. de V Acad, de St. 
Petersbourg T. XIX, J^; 7, cxp. 8 — 9. 188 3. 



246 suA^Ajy amphioxu lanceolatus-a 

AiiM eraeMn^iapnMa Hamao ocofinxy BpcTy ke^HJa, Koja je 6iT.ia 
Bpjio HenpaBu;iHor h 3Be3AacTor otfjiHKa, h mhcjib ce Aft cy 
xe fcejiHJe noMeAftH ociaTiiH npBor fcejiHjqHor nocTaaa xopjie. 
KosmanB(*) ap»h Aa j© npaBa xop^a, Kojy ob BasHBa 
pseudochorda 3aKpaL«»aBe;ia, h ^a j^ oaa jeAHOcrpaBO pas- 
BHjeBa yByrapaa onaa xop^e. Gegenbaur (1. c. ctp. 450) 
KapasTepHme nocTaH>e xop^e obbm peqHMa : Rao npBO eTaB>e 
H3;ia3B yByTapH)M cKe.iex y o(J;ibk} mrana, kojb ce npoAy- 
»yje Kpo3 Te;io, h MomeB y BajapocTHjei o6;iBKy b3 bh- 
AHoepeBTBBX ke^iBJa, a OKpyateB KyTHKy;iOM Koja je nocxa^a 
^yqeaei xhx fce^iHJa. 

Chorda dosalis aioBORcyca cacxoju ce saiicxa bs koh- 
MacxHX be;iBja, a apocxop B3Me]^y xbx tiOJiBJa ((Bcxpoi 3pBa- 
cxoM cynexaBiioM x. j. kob^bLb xop^e cnojoBB cy ne^y co6ok 
3pBacxoK cyBCxaBiiOM, B 36or xora B3r;ieAajy Ba nonpewoM 
npoceKy sao 4»BBa npyracxa BJioqaija, xaKO Bnp: Po ;!•(*) 
CMaxpa xopAHBe uAonvme Kao noBpe^BO npyracxe, raxo xaKolje 
BAe y npBJior EOB^acxcj cxpyKxypB xopAe, b Ba Apyron lecxy 
Be;iB (1. c. cxp. 95) ob xaKO bcxo a* ce oeo 3pBa rpyBBme 
«BB0 3pBacxa npoxoBjia3Ma y xopAHBOj b^io^bi^b. Ha cari- 
xa^BOM npocesy KaA ra MexBeMO y pacxBop joAa b;ib Bap- 
MBBa Ao6BJa ce jacBa c^iBna oa xaEBBX ROBqeba (G;i. I aa 
cxp. 247). 

C X B A a roBopB xaso^e o ROB^acxcj cxpyRxypB xopAe, 
BaBOA^iiH BaRo ce bhao Ba noupe^BHM npocei^BHa Bp^o 
offlxpe .inBBJe, a Roje ce BajjacBHJe onaatajy aa xpoMBHit 
npBMepanMa. 

Kao mxo je Befc Rasaxo, xopAa je o(JaBBjeBa jeABoi 
OBBOM (aa c^HiiB 1. 6.). Ho J. Mujiepy onaa je cjio- 



(^) Vcrhaiidlungcn der Wurzburger physical, med. Geselschaft. 
N. ue Foltre Bd VI, T. VI, cxp. 82. 

^ Untcrsuchungen uber den Bau d. Amph, lanceol. (Morph, Jahr- 
biuh 11 Bd. cxp. 9 4 — 95 . 



SHAHAjy AMPHIOXUS LANCBOLATUS-A 



247 



Ca. I. 




sena H3 4^u6pHJiHnx npcxenacTHX CHonHtia, GxHAa Bejiu y 

HCTOM CMHCJiy A* j© »xopAHHa oHHa Moaena H3 npcxena- 

CTHXEOHqHta KOJH xopAj OKpyatyjy.** 

B. Ma^iep AOKaayje a* je ona Ky- 

THKy^apHO o6pa30Baft6. A no Fo^ioy 

— Kao niTo je Befc noMenyTO — oHa 

ce cacTOJH m3 ABa cjioja, jeAHor yny- 

xapftor (cBex^or h npoBnAHor) h 

jeAHor en A Iter (bojh je xaBHH). 

ynyxapftHH Moj noKasyje KOHAen- 

xpHqne npyre, ceoahh nas uapajie;i- 

He ysAyane npyre, Kao mio ce na 

cjiHiiH 2-oj jacHo BHAe He caMO cno/bHH 

H yHyiapftH c^oj onne, ho h ftOH^a- 

cxa cxpyKxypa xopAHna Hajtfoibe ce 

noxBp^yje. 

C Aop3ajiHe cxpane cxpme Kpo3 
onny xopAHHy oxBopH, h Kpo3 ftHX cxojh y Be3H ca nepB- 
HOM CHCxeMOM, (bhah cjiHKy 3 Ha cxp. 248) Kao mxo je xa 
Po;l« npBo h noRasao. 

Oahocho cerMeHXHpaaa xopAe 
Goodsir (Jho je npBH (1. c. cxp. 1) 
KoJH je xo XBpAHo, fflxo je jeAaH oa 
naJHOBHJHX fl nasAHBHX ncnHXHBa^a 
Po.i* OAcyAHO nopHiiao, ja naK y 
xoMe He Mory ce ca ftHMe c;io»hxh. 
Ha HHorHM y3AyaHHH npocei^Hiia Roje 
can qHHHO ja caH saHCxa npHMexQo 

MHO CerMeHXHpaH>e XOpAe, aKO ce a) ^noAHH u 6.] vHyrap- 

H>H cjoj xopAe, e.) pe- 

H3BecHa Aocxa ' 

^ THKy.iapHO UJH MH-iepOBO 

THaH>e, 2.) KOHHHhH XOp- 
46. Ilo Po,l * V. 



CarHTaaaH npoceK xop^e 

a.) onua, 6.) Kouquhu 

xopAC. 



Ca. 2. 



6- 



e— 




xaRO HOse nasBaxH 
npaBH^iHa yAaAenocx nojeAHHux koh- 
Ta ce npaBH^iHocx bhah na 



qHba. 



fM\ 



U HHAtJAJy AMFlUOXtl LASCruUl 



Bp^o Hen pa B 11 .iH or 11 3BH3AaCTor o6Amn^ 1 

KosmannO Ap^i^ .V* jt* npasa xopi, 
pseudochorcla 3iiKpavji.aBe,iaj 11 ^a jt^ m\^ 
Biijena yHyinpita on Ha sopAe. G e g e n b *^ 
KiipaKTcpnnre i]ocTiiifc§> xop^e obbh pen 11 v, 
n3A«3ii yayTapHiU CKtMex y o6awk\ t 
Kvje Epo3 ivjIO, I! MOHci^fl y aajiij-i 
A3*epeflTBHx he.iiTJa, a ospyateH nyrmt 
.lyqeiteM T*a teAuja. 

Chorda dosalis aMoiioKcyca cadTD] 
ijacTiix tfJiMJa, a rrpocTop aBMeijy i\i% > 
eruM cyueTani^oii t. j. koh^hKh xopAt* ' 
3pBacT0M cyncTaHqo^, n aCor Tora mi 
npoceKy Kao »MiHa iipyracTa njioquna, 
cMaipa xopAiifle njioqui^e Kao Jionpamo • 
HAt! y iipiiJior Kou^ac/roj CTpyKTypH Kop, 

Bt'Jlil (L C. Cip. ^.15) OH TOKO BCTO im 

(»HHO 3pHaCTa iipoTOD^aBtta y xopAin^^ 
Ta.iHOM npoceKy Kaa ra Meineiio y pu. 
Miina ,u>(inj;i ce jacna cjiitKa oa lan; 
cip. 247). 

CtuAa roBopa xaKoijO KOH'n^'f 
HEBOA^'tn KaKO ce bua^ Ha iioaii- 
oeTpt! -iTiHffjt', a Eoje m BajjacHnjo ' 
upHMepi(ij»a. 

Kao HiTO je hvh KasaTo, xopAtt 
OHHOM (na CAimn 1- 6.). Ho J. Mii 




(*) Vprhwiidlutigr-n der Wiirzburger |»ii 
K* U0 Folte Ud VI, T. VI, ctp 82. 

',*; Tintcrhucliunireri iJLer dca Bau cl. Awijl* 
liitvh {[ BiL cTp. Ii4 — 95,, 



It^ LJWOIOLATU^-A 



249 




' MioKcycoBe, AotfHJajy noae roa 
!i ijy ij CTa-iHHJy "nopiy y Biuy 




veiiyiiie .itiruMeiiTe. d.) uiKpHurn mm- 

MH-iHp H3Hamno h Koje co no H>eMy 

n ntto je caaio HpoAymert.e xop^R- 

3) Kaa nrro P04* aoTBpljyjt*. 

' uio Bpji^i bhjkho naTHHie, h to Ha 

i^mta intermiisoularia, Ja aapoiiitTO 

( H A e II P ;nt a, no EojHMa je 

< y ca y c b e 3 u en n h m k p- 

Kuo \i Off a (bm4.ii cvitiKy 5 cip. 

- B040 POJI* (L C. CTp. 101 AO 

iiKeio paajiHSOBaTH tinny n caAp- 

• 11 a Its AW'i ooja, a CHAps^ffHa je 

*^ xopAa. CuAp^flfia, ynyTapKia 

m CBHi jo jeAnaKa ca xopAOM, 

nfia oprasa — mam 7qm 

II a 3 a." Osy jeAno^inKOCT y**- 

Aoaitaan jt^ iipBO Quatr^- 



248 



3HAHAjy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 



<5JiHiiH 1 H 4 (crp. 249). Ta cemeHTflpaHa xopAa ()HJia je oa 
BejiHRor pa3BHJeHor aM^noRcyca, a npocei^H cy 6h;ih h3 cpe 
AHHe Ti^AA. A AH <5h ce to cerMeHTHcaH»e xop^e Morjio jacHo 



Cji. 3. 




IIonpeqHH npoceu xopAe, uo PoA^y. 

a.) 3Be34acTe he^HJe^ 

, . 1 MHjepoBor TKaH>a 
0.) Mexypacxe he^Hje) 

G.) H d. eHAore.iHu aeaau Ha cno^uoj ii yuyTaptboj onuu 

e.) OTBopH Kpo3 onuy xop4HHy. 

BHAeiH, HyacHO je npH npaBibeay thx npoceKa 6hth spjio 
naaubHB, jep ce ;iaRo Mory nojeAHHH ROHqetiH n cemeHTH 
npHTHCKOM nopeMeiHTH H srae^HTH. cerMeHTKMa xopAe ne 
jnosae AB.KAe 6htii cyMH>e, a Hapo^Hio KaA ce npH3Ha 
BOHqacxa cipyRTypa H>eHa, u th ephmhthbeh roh- 



SHAHAjy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATU>-A 



249 



•qacTH cerMeHTH koa xopAe aMOHOKcycoBe, AO^HJajy nocAe koa 
BHUiHX KHqieibaKa onpeAejbeHHJy h cra-iHHJy *opMy y BHAy 
KH^MeHHX npniiBPflOBa. HsHe^y onee h xopAe naxoAU ce pe- 



Cj. 4. 




VsAy^KHU npoceK aM<t»HOHcyca. a.) onua, 6.) xop^a, e.) iiepBua uee 
ca HepBHOM cpjKii, 2.) HHTcpMycKy.iHe .iHraMeHTe, d.) mnpHtHH uixa- 
nnhH, ij.) OBapiijyM, e.) nepajacTH o6py6. 

THsy^iapHo TKaibe Roje je Mfl^iep HSHamao h Roje ce no H>eMy 
H MiuepoBo TKafte 30Be, h oho je caio iipoAyateae xopAH- 
HHX EOHqHta (bhah MHKy 3) Kao nrro Po;i« noxBpljyje. 

IIpe;ia3HH caA ea joaho Bpjio Baa^eo nHxaibe, h to aa 
Mop«o;LoiiiBH 3Haqaj ligamenta intermuscularia. Ja napoqnTO 
HanoMHfteM HcnHTHBas>a Gthao h Po;i«a, no sojHMa je 
ycHH npcTOH aM^BOKcycd y CBesa ca ohhom xop- 

AHHOM, HHCTOr CTpOJa KaOHOHa (bhah CJlHKy 5 cip. 

250). Kao roA koa xopAe — Be;iH "Pom (1. c. crp. 101 ao 
102) — TaKO HCTO H OBAO MoaLOMO paB^iHKOBaxH onny h caAp- 
saj, H OBAO je onna cacxaBibeHa hs ABa cjioja, a caApsHHa je 
cacTaBibena ohhro hcto Rao n xopAa. GaApsHna, yHyTapH>a 
H cno/bna oma ycHor npcxena ca cbhm je jOAHaRa ca xopAOM, 
fflxa BHffle „H3Mel)y onnu o6a oprana — bojih Vom 
— nocToJH H AHpORTHa Besa.* OBy joaho^ihrocx yc- 
Bor npcxena ca onnoM xopAe AORasao je npBO Quatre- 



250 



3HA^Ajy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 



Cl. 5. 



f ages, a AOi<HHJe je h CxnAa iiotbpaho. Ychh npcreH je ch- 
leipHqan h cacioJH ce h3 Be^iMBor 6poja KpaxtHX doaBaRa 
ami ^Hpa, y KOJHia ce no Langerhans-y cn^ieLy raHrjiHJosHe 
te^iffje. H 6ain OBa mh^hoct ycnor npcTena ca odhom xop^e 
H RHxoBa AHpeRTHa Besa — KaKo b^;ih P o ji * — HaroHH Me 
Ha MHcao Aa one Me^yMycKyjine AHraMenie (bhah 
CAEKj 5h6) CMaipaM Kao upBe sa^eTKe pe6apa^ 

jepjeycHH npcTennpo- 
CTo npo4y»eH>e Hnxep- 
MycKy;iHHX jiHraieHTH. 
na H KOA pntfa Ha np. K04 
AcipeBsera pe6pa ce ecto 
TRKo HaxoAe Bao h boa ^m- 
4»H0Bcyca HaH>e BHme y caMoj 
MycKyjiaxypH, h (Jam y hctoh 
npaBity, 3a obo iBpljeae ja 
ysuMaM y noHofa FoJi«a (1. 

C. CXp. 19) BOJH H3PHE0M 

Be.iH: Aa cy Ligament a 
xionpeHHiinpoceKycHe inter muscularia^npo- 

AynAc. a.) xodae, 6.) uepBHa uee, 

, *'«»; f .'AVateftacnoAHexopAH- 

HHTepwycKyjiHe .laraMeHxe, />.) enH- He OIIHe, OA EOJe CO HH 
AepMHC, e.) noAKOJKHO TKaifce, d.) y ^ ^ ^^ g^ paSJlHEyjy.* 
ycHa pCKaDHua, otc.) npaauHHa y i . , , 

aet)iiHM iiepajaMa. S tie da xaRo^e xo noxBp- 

^yje, Bc^etiH joni h Aa^e — 
nrxo caio y npn^ior Mojoj nocxaBi^H HAe — Aa cy MycByjiH 
ca cxpane Bpjio npaBH^iHO nope^ann Hsie^y xopAHHe oane. 
Abo ce yuopeAH opoceB ycHHX A6^0Ba ca npocOBOi y cpe- 
AHHH xejia, xo ce n hs noBpniHor nocMaxpafta OAxax npn- 
Metiyje BejiHBa o/inqHOCx, a HapoqHxo BaA ce ysMO na y» 
Aa je cxpyKxypa noxayHO jeAHaEa h Aa cy ycHH a^^obh Rao 
H MeljyMycEyjiHe ;iHraMeHxe npocxo npy»eH>a xopAHHO onHe. 




SHAHAJy AMPHIOXUS LA^CEOLATUS-A 251 

HanueA je iiOMenyTo Aa Kpo3 Mn^iepoBy onay cipnie 
OTBopH, Rpo3 Roje xopAa ROMyHBiiHpa ca IteHTpaJlHOM HepBHOM 
CHCTeMOM Koja je Ha^ itoMe. Th otboph cy no Po^ioy Aocia 
npaBH^iHR, Ha cBaRH cemenT 8—9 n§.pH, a Rpos kax npo- 
;ia3e tiejiBJ^Ha npoAy^efta MnjiepoBor TRa^a cToje^H y Bean 
ca *K6pFJiaMa caBesHor iRaaa, ceM lora MHjiepoBO TRaae y 

Ca. 6. 




nonpe^HH npoceK Kpo3 cpeAHHy Tc-ia. 

a.) xopAa, 6.) uepBHa ues. 3.) xopAHua onHa, «.) wycKyjH, t.) 
uHTepiiycKy.iuo jaraMeHxe. ij.) eniuepMHc, e.) noAKOHtuo Tnaibe, oic.) 
npasHuna y 4el)HHM nepajHMa, cm.) u ym.) cno^ibu u yuyrapibH Aysap 
niKpjKHe iiiynAiiHe, a.) nojHe nece, 0.) h h.) myn^Hua y xciy, r.) 
TpCymHH MycKy-»ti, k.) Tp6yuiHH Kana^iM, m.) 6pa3Aa. 

MHoroM je MHqno ca tejiHJi^aMa, Roje ce y itenTpajiHoj Hep- 
BHOJ CHCXeMH HaxoAe. 

EoA RB^MeftaRa bs cBaRor npm^beiba BS^iase b3 j/losr- 
AHHe HepBH B BAy y iiycRy^ie b ocrajie A^^OBe lejia. A cbb 
BcnBTBBa^B c;i02RBfl cy y TOMe Aa HepBB roa aM<i»BORcyca BAy 
y ¥ycRy;iHe JiBraMeBxo, a OAax^ie y lycRy^ie b Romy. Koa 
aM4»B0Rcyca Hepsa BAy ynopeAO ca MycRyjiHHM JiBraMeBiBia, 
caMo niTo Be BAy CBMeTpB^HO jOAaH c ApyrBM, Rao raio je 



252 



3HA^AJy AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATU-A 



TO OBCJaHHKOB npBH noKasao, h laj je hcth ay^aj koa 
jiHraMeHTa (bkah uhkj 7.) npeaiAa ce nocjie RaRO HepBi 

— niTO OBCJaHHROB HHJe npHMeiHO — TaRO HCTO H Te 

jiHraHOHTe caBHjajy h haj napajie^iHo nap no n&p, Te xaRO 
npaBe MeTaiepe, rojbx roa aMOHORcyca HMa 70 nftpn. Gen- 




M 



M 



mm 



ysAyHtHH npoccK aM4»iioKcyca oaobfo c jel)a npeKO HopoHe ucbh, 
KOJH noKaayje Kano HepBii (h.) iiajaae ii3 Hepeiie ueen Hcnpea acHiie- 
TpiiMHO, a nocae napaae-mo ca auraMeuTUMa (.i.) Koje Kpoa MvcKvae 
(jvt.) npoaaae. 

3h6h;ihh HepBH no HcuHTHBaiby OBCjaHHROBa HAy y mt- 
CRy;iHe ;iHraMeBTe — niTo h Kjiayc y CBojoj 3oo;iorHJH h3- 
pHKOM HanoMflfte — aok ne^y thm MOTopnqHH HAy y lycRyjie. 
QsyseTaR npaBe cnHHa^iHH TORopce MomAanH nepBH rojh hb- 
jiaae CHMeTpHqao n HAy y npeAifcH ago xejia (bhah cjiHRy 8 
CTp, 263). Cbo cy to jaRn aorbsh Aa Te jinraMeHTe nney hh- 
mTa Apyro ao npBH saqeAAH AOftHX jiyROBa resp, pe6apa. A 
nonpc^HH npoceR roa Squalida noRaayje Aa pe(Jpa HAy TaRo 



SHAIAJy AMPHIOXllS LANCEOLATUS-A 



253 



BCTO y lycEj^iaTypy lejia, Kao raio koa aM4»H0Kcyca HAy ^h- 
raiieHTe (bhah cajukj 9 cip. 254). 



Ca. 8. 




TIonpeHHH npoceK xop4e n nepBHe CHcxeMC. 
a.) xop4a, X.) xopAHHa oiina, p.) Poa*obh oxBopn, n.) iiepBua ch- 
CTeMa, m.) MoropHMaH aepB kojh uxe y Tp6yniHy MycKyjaxypy, c.) ceH- 
3H6tUUH HepBH lUTO HAY Y JHraMCHTe, o.) cnHHa.iHH uepBH. 

Oa iieHTpa;iHor sanajia nepBHe cHcxeHe ^Ay y CBHMa 
npaBiiHHa KOH^fltiH, h to c Aopsajine cxpane jeAan, a c o6e 
jiaiepa^iHe CTpane no ipw, h c sepipa^iHe cipane no Asa, 
ROJH ce pasrpaibaBajy; ona ABa oa B6HTpa;iH6 cxpaHO HAy 
y OTBope xopAHHe Kpo3 onny — Koje OTBope no Hsna^asaqy 

ttHXOBOM Tpe(Ja 3BaTH Po;!4»OBH OTBOpH, — H KOiy- 

HHiinpajy ca MHJiepoBHii TsaibeH, niTO ce y xopAH naxoAH 
(bhah c;iHKy 3 H 8). GcM Tora y cpeAHHH obhx oiBopa bhao 
ce HeKe ysAyatne npyre Koje npo^iaae Kpos onny xopAHHy. 



254 



3HAHAJF AMPHIOXUS LANCEOLATUS-A 



Ca. 9. 



Easas sea^aj xe ysAy^ne npyre Hiajy, h a& •ah cy one 
npoAyaiefte ROH^uba i^eHTpaiiHor Banajia, to He Mory ea 
CHrypHomty Aft Rasei, ho nnas, Kao nixo can na nonpeqHHii 

upoce^Htta npHMexMo, xe npyre 
CToje y sesH ca pasrpaHaxflM 
BenxpajiHHM KOH^nLHifa i^eH- 
xpajiHor Banana h ca MH^e- 

POBHM XRafteM. 

Ha nonpe^HHM npoceaHHa 
(c^iHRa 8) BHAH ce Jieno Raso 
OA AOHxpajiHe HepBHa CHcxeHe 
HAy ABe rpane, joAHa nopea 
xopAe y mynAHHy xe,Aa AOJie, 
Apyra rope y nepii^epHJy xejia, 
a xpeta